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Full text of "North Carolina manual [serial]"

THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 

PRESENTED BY 

Carolina Population Center 



C917.05 

N87m 
1969 
C.4 

- I 



J^(^oU 



North Carolina County Jlles TTnit 

Carolina Population Center 

500 Pittsboro Street 

Chapel HiU, North Carolina 27514 



UNIVERSITY OF N C AT CHAPEL HILL 



00017482680 



This book is due on the last date stamped 
below unless recalled sooner. It may be 
renewed only once and must be brought to 
the North Carolina Collection for renewal. 



North Carolina County Piles Unit 

tarolma Population Co 

500 Pittsboro Street 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514 



NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1969 




Issued by 

TlIAD EURE 

Secretary of State 
Raleigh 






1969 

JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL 

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TO THE 
1969 MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 

TO THE 
STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND TOWN OFFICIALS 

AND TO THE 

PEOPLE OF THE OLD NORTH STATE 

AT HOME AND ABROAD 

THIS MANUAL IS RESPECTFULLY 
DEDICATED 




Secretary of State 



CONTENTS 

PART I 
HISTORICAL Pa(;i 

The State -- -- - -- - 3 

The State Capitol - 19 

The State Legislative Building __— - 23 

Chief Executives of North Carolina 

Governors of Virginia - - 26 

Executives under the Proprietors 26 

Governors under the Crown 27 

Governors Elected by the Legislature - 27 

Governors Elected by the People 29 

List of Lieutenant Governors - 31 

The State Flag 32 

The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence ^ 34 

The Great Seal of North Carolina 38 

The State Bird - 37 

The Halifax Resolution 40 

Name of State and Nicknames - 41 

The State Motto 41 

The State Colors 42 

The State Flower - 42 

The State Shell - 42 

The State Song --- 42, 45 

The State Tree 42 

The State's Most Famous Toast 42 

Public Holidays in North Carolina — - - 43 

Population of the State since 1675 - 44 

The Constitution of North Carolina 47 

The American's Creed ^^ 

The American Flag 

Origin ^^ 

Proper Display - - — ^^ 

Pledge to the Flag - 96 

The National Capitol -- ^'^ 

Declaration of Independence - - -- - 100 

Constitution of the United States -- -- 105 

PART II 
( i:\Sl'S 



Eighteenth Census, 1960 

Population of State 

Population of Counties 



131 
132 



VF NoKi II C'akoi.ina Manxtai, 

Pagf 
Population of Cities and Towns 

Incorporated places of 10,000 or more ._ 132 

Incorporated places of 2,500 to 10,000 133 

Incorporated places of 1,000 to 2,500 .- 133 

Incorporated places of less than 1,000 ...^ 135 

Population of United States, 1960 138 

I'.AHT III 
POLITICAL 

Congressional Districts - 143 

Judicial Districts (Superior and District Courts) 143 

Solicitorial Districts .. 145 

Senatorial Districts and Apportionment of Senators 146 

Representative Districts and Apportionment of Members 

of the House of Representatives _ 148 

State Democratic Platform 151 

Plan of Organization of the State Democratic Party 167 

Committees of the Democratic Party 

State Democratic Executive Committee -^ 189 

Congressional District Executive Committees 193 

Judicial District Executive Committees 197 

State Democratic Solicitorial District 

Executive Committees 202 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 206 

County Vice Chairmen 208 

State Republican Platform 210 

Plan of Organization of the State Republican Party 229 

Committees of the Republican Party 

State Republican Executive Committee 254 

Congressional, Judicial, Senatorial and 

Solicitorial District Committees — . 259 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees - 259 

County of Vice Chairmen 261 

PART IV 
KliECTlOX RETURNS 

Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States, 1968 265 

Popular Vote for President by States, 1952-1964 266 

Vote for President by Counties, 1948-1968 268 

Vote for Governor by Counties, Primaries, 1968 271 

Vote for Governor by Counties. 

General Elections, 1948-1968 273 



Contents VII 

PACiK 

Vote for State Officials, 

Primaries, 1954-1964 ._ 276 

Vote for Lieutenant Governor by 

Counties, Primaries, 1968 - 278 

Vote for State Officials by Counties, Primaries, 1968 280-286 

Total Votes Cast — General Election, 1962-1966 288 

Vote for Governor in Primaries, 1944-1968 290 

Vote for State Officers by Counties, 

General Election of 1968 291, 294, 296 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primaries, 1968 299 

Vote for Congressmen in Republican Primaries, 1968 — _ 301 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1948-1960 303 

Vote for Members of Congress, 

General Elections, 1962-1964 315 

General Elections, 1966 „... 321 

General Elections, 1968 325 

Vote for United States Senators in Primaries, 1954-1966 329 

Vote for United States Senators in 

General Elections, 1954-1956 330 

Vote for United States Senator 

Primary, 1968 331 

Second Primary, 1968 333 

Vote for United States Senator, General 

Elections, 1968 334 

Vote on Constitutional Amendments by Counties, 

November 5, 1968 335 

Vote on Prohibition, 1881, 1908, 1933 338 

PART V 
GOVERMVIENTAL AGENCIES, BOARDS AM) COMMISSIONS 

Agencies, Boards and Commissions - 341 

North Carolina Institutions 

Correctional 396 

Educational 397 

Mental 410 

Centers for the Retarded - -- 411 

Alcoholic Rehabilitation Centers — 411 

Centers for Mentally Disturbed Children 412 

Hospitals - — : 412 

Confederate Woman's Home — - 413 

Examining Boards - 414 

State Owned Railroads _... 424 



VIII Nomii ("akoi.ina Manual 

Pa.ii: 
I'AHT VI 

I.IXilSI.A Tl HE 

The General Assembly 

Senate 

Officers 427 

Senators (Arranged Alphabetically) 427 

Senators (Arranged by Districts) 428 

Rules - 429 

Standing Committees 447 

Seat Assignments 456 

House of Representatives 

Officers 457 

Members (Arranged Alphabetically) 457 

Members (Arranged by Districts) 459 

Rules 461 

Standing Committees 478 

Seat Assignments 494 

PART VII 
BIOGUAI'HICAL SKETCHES 

Elected Executive Officials 499 

Administrative Officials appointed by the Governor 509 

Administrative Officials appointed by Department Heads, 
Boards or Commissions (Subject to approval by 

the Governor) - 523 

Administrative Officials appointed by Department Heads, 

Boards or Commissions (With no approving authority) 534 

United States Senators 547 

Representatives in Congress 550 

Justices of the Supreme Court 561 

Judges of the Court of Appeals 568 

Members of the General Assembly 

Senators 573 

Representatives 610 

Occupational and Professional Classification 698 

PART VIII 
<)1 FK'IAIi RE(;iSTEH 

United States Government 

President and Vice President 705 

Cabinet Members 705 



Contents IX 

Page 
North Carolina Senators and Representatives 

in Congress — ___ .__ 705 

United States Supreme Court Justices 705 

United States District Court 

Judges _._ __ .._. .._ __. 705 

Clerks __.. _ 705 

United States Attorneys ___.. __ _... 705 

United States Circuit Court of Appeals 

Judge Fourth District ____ ___ .___ 7O6 

Governors of the States and Territories ___ 706 

State Government 

Legislative Department — _... 707 

Executive Department 707 

Judicial Department __. _. 707 

Administrative Department _____ _ 711 

State Institutions 712 

Heads of Agencies other than State ____ 715 

County Government 716 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

State Capitol __ 18 

The State Legislative Building _ 22 

State Flag 33 

State Seal ____ 39 

State Bird 36 

State Song (Words and Music) 45 

Map of North Carolina _ __ 87 

The American Flag 88 

Map Showing Congressional Districts 140, 141 

Map Showing Senatorial Districts 156, 157 

Organization Democratic Party of North Carolina 168 

Map Showing Representative Districts 216, 217 

Seating Diagram of Senate Chamber _ 455 

Seating Diagram of House of Representatives _.__- 495 

Pictures 

Governor _ 498 

State Officers _ 503 

Senators and Congressmen __. _ 551, 557 

Justices of the Supreme Court 563 

Judges of the Court of Appeals ___ 569 

State Senators __ 577, 589, 603 

Members of the House of Representatives 

613, 623, 637, 649, 663, 677, 689 



PART I 
HISTORICAL 



THE STATE 

North Carolina, often called the "Tar Heel" state, was the scene 
of the first attempt to colonize America by English-speaking peo- 
ple. Under a charter granted to Sir Walter Raleigh by Queen 
Elizabeth, a colony was begun in the 1580's on Roanoke Island. 
This settlement, however, was unsuccessful and later became 
known as "The Lost Colony." 

The first permanent settlement was made about 1650 by immi- 
grants from Virginia. In 1663 Charles II granted to eight Lords 
Proprietors a charter for the territory lying "within six and 
thirty degrees of the northern latitude, and to the west as far as 
the south seas, and so southerly as far as the River St. Mattias, 
which bordereth upon the coast of Florida, and within one and 
thirty degrees of northern latitude, and so west in a direct line as 
far as the south seas aforesaid; . . ." and the colony was called 
Carolina. In 1665 another charter was granted to these noblemen. 
This charter extended the limits of Carolina so that the northern 
line was 3 6 degrees and 30 minutes north latitude, and the south- 
ern line was 29 degrees north latitude, and both of these lines ex- 
tended westward to the South Seas. 

In 16 69 John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions as a 
model for the government of Carolina. The Lords Proprietors 
adopted these constitutions and directed the governor to put into 
operation as much of them as was feasible. In 1670 there were 
four precincts (changed to counties in 1739): Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans, Chowan, and Currituck. North Carolina now has one 
hundred counties. 

Carolina on December 7, 1710, was divided into North Carolina 
and South Carolina, and Edward Hyde, on May 9, 1712, became 
the first governor of North Carolina. 

In 1729 seven of the eight Lords Proprietors sold their interest 
in Carolina to the Crown and North Carolina became a royal 
colony. George Burrington was the first royal governor. Richard 
Everard, the last proprietary governor,, served until Burrington 
was appointed. 

North Carolina, on April 12, 1776, authorized her delegates in 
the Continental Congress to vote for independence, and on Decem- 
ber 18, 1776, adopted a constitution. Richard Caswell became the 



4 NoKTH Cakom.na Mani'ai, 

lirst governor under this constitution. On November 21, 1789, the 
state adopted the United States Constitution, being the twelfth 
state to enter the Federal Union. North Carolina, in 1788, had 
rejected the Constitution on the grounds that certain amendments 
were vital and necessary to a free people. 

A Constitutional convention was held in 1835 and among several 
changes made in the Constitution was the method of electing the 
governor. After this change the governor was elected by the peo- 
ple for a term of two years instead of being elected by the Legis- 
lature for a term of one year. Edward Bishop Dudley was the first 
governor elected by the people. 

North Carolina seceded from the Union May 20, 1861, and was 
readmitted to the Union in July, 1868. 

A new State Constitution was adopted in 18 68 and since that 
date the governor has been elected by the people for four-year 
terms and he cannot succeed himself. There has not been a new 
constitution since 1868, but numerous amendments have been 
added to it. 

North Carolina has had a democratic administration since 1900, 
during which period it has made its greatest progress. 

North Carolina has had two permanent capitals — New Bern and 
Raleigh — and there have been three capitol buildings. Tryon's 
Palace in New Bern was constructed in the period, 1767-1770, and 
the main building was destroyed by fire February 27, 1798. The 
first capitol in Raleigh was completed in 1794 and was destroyed 
by fire on June 21, 1831. The present capitol was completed in 
1840. 

The state in 17 90 ceded her western lands, which was composed 
of Washington, Davidson, Hawkins, Greene, Sullivan, Sumner, and 
Tennessee counties, to the Federal government, and between 1790 
and 1796 the territory was known as Tennessee Territory, but in 
1796 it became the fifteenth state In the Union. 

In 1738, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed an act 
authorizing the establishment of district courts which served as 
appellant courts. These courts were authorized to be held in Bath, 
New Bern, and New Town — now Wilmington. In 1746, the General 
Assembly repealed the act of 1738 and established district courts 
to be held at Edenton, Wilmington, and Edgecombe. From 1754 



The State 5 

until 1790. other districts were formed as the state expanded in 
territory and developed needs for these districts. By 1790, there 
were eight judicial districts divided into two ridings of four dis- 
tricts each. In 1806, the General Assembly passed an act estab- 
lishing a superior court in each county. The act also set up judi- 
cial districts composed of certain contiguous counties, and this 
practice of expanding the districts has continued from five dis- 
tricts in 1806 until now there are thirty districts. 

When North Carolina adopted the Federal Constitution on No- 
vember 21, 1789, she was authorized to send two senators and five 
representatives to the Congress of the United States according to 
the constitutional apportionment. In 1792, when the first federal 
census had been completed and tabulated, it was found that North 
Carolina was entitled to ten representatives. It was then that the 
General Assembly divided the state into ten congressional dis- 
tricts. In 1812, the state had grown and increased in population 
until it was entitled to thirteen representatives in Congress. Be- 
tween 1812 and 1865, however, the population decreased so much 
in proportion to the population of other states of the Union that 
North Carolina was by that time entitled only to seven repre- 
sentatives. After 1865 the population of the state showed a steady 
increase so that beginning in 1943 North Carolina was entitled 
to twelve representatives in Congress. The 1960 census showed 
that the state had nearly a half million more people than in 1950, 
but this increase was not nearly as much in proportion to that of 
some of the other states. North Carolina is now entitled to only 
eleven representatives in Congress. 



Agriculture 

The 19 68 crop season was not a highly satisfactory one for 
North Carolina farmers. Production of most of the spring-planted 
crops was curtailed quite sharply by moisture deficiencies over a 
period of several weeks during critical stages of crop development. 
These reduced yields, coupled with smaller acreages for most 
crops, caused the total volume of production to fall substantially 
below 19 67 levels. Also, with few exceptions, prices received at 
market places for crops in 1968 fell below 19 67 levels. The value 



6 NoKTH Carolina Manual 

of all principal crops produced in North Carolina during 1968 is 
estimated at $733 million. This represents a reduction of $126 
million, or 15% below the 1967 value of $859 million. 

Three major crops — in order named — tobacco, corn, and soy- 
beans, accounted for a major portion of the reduction in value of 
production in 19 68. Value of tobacco production declined more 
than $89 million from approximately $535 million in 1967 to 
$445 million in 1968. Corn value declined $31 million from $118 
million in 1967 to $87 million in 1968. The largest drop percent- 
age wise occurred with soybeans — a drop from $67.6 million in 
1967 to $39.3 million in 1968. This is a decline of $28.3 million 
or 42% from 1967. 

Only two major crops — corn and peanuts — registered increases 
in value of production in 1968 as compared with 1967. The value 
of cotton and cotton seed increased from $7.3 million in 1967 to 
$19.2 million in 1968. Cotton production in 1968 was almost 
three times as large as in 1967. Value of the peanut production 
increased from $40.3 million in 1967 to $43.3 million in 1968. 

Figures on value of production relate to the crop year and 
should not be confused with cash receipts from farm marketings 
during a calendar year. Although cash receipts from farm mar- 
ketings in 1968 are not yet available, it is quite evident that the 
19 68 figures will fall substantially below the record high total of 
$1,280 million realized in 1967. Receipts from sales of crops in 

1967 amounted to $816 million. In comparison, it is likely that 

1968 receipts from sales of crops may be as low as $700 million. 
This anticipated loss in agricultural receipts from crop sales will 
probably be partially offset by increased income from sales of live- 
stock and livestock products, which should establish a record 
high total of some $48 5 million exceeding the 19 67 total by more 
than $20 million. 

Flue-cured tobacco production in North Carolina from the crop 
of 1968, at 652 million pounds, fell 20% below the 819 million 
pound crop marketed in 19 67. This production loss results from 
reduced acreage and from a smaller leaf turnout per acre. The 
average yield per acre in 1968 is estimated at 1,836 pounds, down 
235 pounds from the 1967 yield of $2,071 pounds. 

Corn production, estimated at 80.9 million bushels in 1968, 
was 23% smaller than the 1967 record high production of ap- 



The State 7 

proximately 105 million bushels. Acreage of corn harvested for 
grain in 1968 was slightly below the 1967 level and the average 
yield per acre of 60 bushels fell 16 bushels short of the record 
high 76 bushel yield realized in 1967. 

Soybeans, the crop most severely damaged by droughty condi- 
tions, produced only 16 million bushels of beans in 1968, with 
production falling 41% below the record high 27.4 million bush- 
els produced in 1967. 



Conservation and Development 

The Department of Conservation and Development began 19 69 
with new leadership and a new commitment to balanced economic 
development for Noth Carolina. Almost within hours after Gov- 
ernor Robert W. Scott's inaugural ceremonies, Roy G. Sowers, Jr. 
of Sanford was sworn in as the Department's new Director, and 
Gilliam K. Horton of Wilmington became the C&D Board's new 
Chairman. 

The two men assumed their duties, pledged to implement Gov- 
ernor Scott's proposals to achieve what he calls a "good life for 
all North Carolinians." A key ingredient in that program was a 
new effort to revitilize the poor rural areas of North Carolina. 
Within days after taking office. Sowers was at work designing a 
plan of action. He also served notice that a balanced approach 
would be taken in building a State that was not only a good place 
to make a living in, but also a good State to live in. The Depart- 
ment is committed to giving as much attention to the wise de- 
velopment and management of North Carolina's natural resources 
as it intends to give to a renewed effort to improve the economic 
well-being of all Tar Heels. 

The department's new leaders arrived simultaneously with 
major recommendations from the Conservation and Development 
Study Commission. The study group, authorized by the 1967 
General Assembly, had been instructed to study the feasibility of 
splitting the department into two agencies — one concerned with 
development and the other devoted to conservation activities. 
The commission recommended against splitting the department, 



8 Nourii Caroona Manttai. 

conini(>ntinp; that it "is now functioning at a hig;h level of effi- 
ciency," and had succeeded in "attracting outstanding leadership 
as division heads. Director, and Chairman of the Board." 

The commission did suggest a number of internal changes, and 
advised the department to improve its lines of communication with 
those groups and persons mainly interested in conservationist 
activities. One of the first actions by Director Sowers was to 
invite the leading conservationists to Raleigh for a get-acquainted 
session and to invite their active interest and participation in 
departmental affairs. 

The new leadership came in on the wake of outstanding achieve- 
ments in 1968. All eight divisions in the Department experienced 
record activity last year. 

The Division of Commerce and Industry's year-end report 
showed that capital investments in North Carolina for 491 new 
and expanded manufacturing facilities in 1968 amounted to 
$574,840,000. These investments created 31,297 new industrial 
jobs for the people of North Carolina and increased industrial 
payrolls by $153,271,000. A breakdown shows that in 1968, 
$274,670,000 was invested in 167 new plants which created 
14,637 jobs and added $68,393,000 in payrolls. A total of 324 
firms expanded their existing operations in 1968, investing $300, 
170,000 creating 16,660 new jobs and adding $84,878,000 to the 
State's industrial payrolls. 

The Travel and Promotion Division responded to a record num- 
ber of inquiries last year about North Carolina — some 200,000 
pieces of mail. In addition, the division sponsored a travel mis- 
sion in November to South America headed by Governor Dan 
Moore. It is believed that this was the first such trip to South 
America undertaken by a State. The division reported in iMarch 
this year, that travelers in North Carolina spent $696,000,000 in 
the State in 19 68 — more than twice the amount spent in 1958. 

The State's first two Welcome Centers, administered by the 
division, were constructed and opened in 1968. They are located 
on Inter-state Highways 85 and 95 near the Virginia line. 

The State Parks Division of C&D began 1969 by adding the 
sixteenth park facility to its system. Stone Mountain State Park, 
some 1,400 acres in Wilkes and Alleghany Counties, became a 



The State 9 

reality in February. In addition, the State Parks and State 
Forests Study Commission concluded a two-year study in Feb- 
ruary by recommending that the more than 53,000 acres of State 
parks, forests and lakes be doubled by 1980, and that a $40 
million state-wide bond issue be considered to raise the money. 
The recommendations were taken under advisement by the Gov- 
ernor and the General Assembly. 

The Commercial and Sports Fisheries Division acquired a new 
Fisheries Commissioner, Dr. Thomas Linton, in September 1968. 
The division also concluded a two-year study of trash fishing in 
November, and in February this year secured a federal grant to 
continue the study on a more scientific basis. 

In March this year, legislation was being prepared to give the 
division major responsibilities in the administration of a Compre- 
hensive Estuarine program for North Carolina. 

The Forestry Division, the department's largest with the re- 
sponsibility of protecting North Carolina's 18 million acres of 
woodlands, fought more than 6,300 forest fires during 1968 
which burned more than 80,600 acres of woodlands . . . 20,000 
acres less than were burned in 1967. The division's four nurser- 
ies began the 1968-69 shipping season with a total inventory of 
67 million seedlings. Of these, 56.7 million will be ready for 
sale in 1969, an increase of 6.5 million over 1968. 

The Division of Mineral Resources reported early this year 
that a preliminary survey showed the value of mineral production 
in North Carolina in 1968 reached a record $78.5 million, as 
compared to the $77 million in 1967. The division, through State 
Geologist Steve Conrad, participated in discussions and studies 
which resulted in mining legislation being proposed to the 19 69 
General Assembly. Conrad served as a member of the Mining 
Council. 

A cooperative program with the Tennessee Valley Authority 
was initiated in 19 68 for a geological mapping and mineral re- 
sources study effort in western North Carolina. The TVA provided 
$15,000 for the 1968-69 program with prospects for doubling that 
amount in subsequent years. Funds were recommended to the 
19 69 General Assembly for the division to begin a badly needed 
topographic mapping program. 



10 Nourn Carolina Manuai, 

The nivision of Community Plannins began 1969 with the pos- 
sibility of boins shifted to a proposed Department of Local Af- 
fairs. The suggested agency was a major plank in Governor 
Scott's 196S campaign as a means to improve services to local 
governments. The division provided planning assistance to a 
record number of counties and municipalities in 1968. 

The Division of Geodetic Survey conducted extensive marking 
projects throughout the State in cooperation with the U. S. Coast 
and Geodetic Survey during 196S. The division established a 
total of 651 control markers during calendar year 1968. 



Public Health in North Carolina 

Ever since its creation by the General Assembly of 1877, the 
State Board of Health has conducted effective programs to protect 
and promote public health in North Carolina. 

In 1911 Guilford County was the first county in the United 
States to inaugurate a fulltime health program. The following 
year Robeson became the first predominantly rural county in the 
nation to take the same step. By 1949 all 100 counties were 
participating in public health programs. 

In many ways North Carolina is a national leader in public 
health affairs. The new statute relating to abortion enacted by the 
1967 General Assembly is bringing the State credit as a pioneer 
in dealing effectively with the problem. North Carolina published 
the nation's first Occupational Health Manual in 19 61. A pro- 
gram for detecting PKU — phenylketonuria — in North Carolina 
serves as a model for other states. (PKU is a disorder that re- 
sults in severe mental retardation. Early detection and treatment 
can prevent destruction of mental faculties.) 

The new law calling for adequate ambulance service involves 
the State Board of Health. The Board establishes criteria for 
safety, sanitation, equipment, and training of attendants. Health 
inspectors evaluate vehicles, equipment and personnel and certify 
those that measure up to standards. 

The new Medical Examiner System, which will strengthen the 



The Statk 11 

State's abililties to ensure just and effective investigation of suspi- 
cious deaths and a more adequate detection of criminal causes 
of death, is a function of the State Board of Health. The Chief 
Medical Examiner is a member of the State Board staff. 

The State Board of Health is the State agency administering 
the Health Insurance Benefits Program (Medicare). The Board 
spends $2.7 million a year on surgical, medical and hospital 
services for children. 

The Board is responsible for seeing that children of pre-school 
age are vaccinated for smallpox, diptheria, tetanus and whooping 
cough. Mobile Tuberculosis X-ray units traveling about the 
State are from the State Board of Health. The Board licenses 
nursing homes and homes for the aged and infirm. It conducts 
programs for the control of insects, rodents and air pollution. 
Sanitarians inspect and grade food handlers and food handling 
establishments, sucli as restaurants and food processing plants. 
They keep an eye on the public water supplies and sewerage 
systems. 

Clinics throughout the State educate and help the public in 
such health areas as prenatal care, pediatrics, mental health, 
orthopedics, venereal diseases, and cancer detection. 

A dental health program in public schools provides many chil- 
dren their first — and for some, their only — opportunity to receive 
attention from a dentist. The Little Jack Puppet Show entertains 
grade school children while teaching them the basic rules for 
having healthy teeth. 

The Board administers new programs in genetic counseling. 
Family planning activities are being expanded, using new tech- 
niques. Health programs for senior citizens and the chronically 
ill are being conducted. The Board carries out a coordinated 
State radiological health program, and far-reaching programs in 
health mobilization, migrant health, physical therapy, public 
health nursing, and home health services. 

The modern laboratory renders preventive services and conducts 
thousands of analyses every year to help the various divisions of 
the Board carry on effective programs of surveillance. 

Consultant staffs of both the State Board and local health 



12 NoiM II Carolina Maniai. 

departments are actively seeking ways of improving health serv- 
ices. Professional and non-professional employees are continually 
improving their knowledge and efficiency. A special training 
program is conducted statewide through the facilities of educa- 
ti(>iial television for public health workers in every county to 
improve th(Mr performances. 



State Highway Systems 

On January 1, 1968, the State had under its direct jurisdiction 
73,232 miles of highways, roads and streets, a distance equivalent 
to almost three times around the world at the equator. This vast 
mileage is almost 10 per cent of the gross length of all mileage 
under State control in the entire Nation. The three basic sys- 
tems in this North Carolina network are as follows: 

The Primary State Highway System is made up of the U. S., 
N. C. and Interstate numbered routes, and has a length of 11,654 
miles. The largest of the three systems is the Rural Secondary 
System of 58,122 miles, of which 32,044 miles are paved — the 
remainder being surfaced with stone, soil or other all weather 
material. There is more rural paving in North Carolina than in 
any other state except Texas, New York, Ohio, California, Penn- 
sylvania and Wisconsin. Some 96% of the State's rural people 
live on, or within one mile of a paved highway or road. 

In addition to these two rural systems, the State has jurisdiction 
over 3,45 6 miles of streets which form a part of the State High- 
way and Road systems in municipalities. Of this Municipal Sys- 
tem, 3,255 miles are paved. 

Combining the three systems, the State operates a network of 
46,887 miles of paved and 26,345 miles of unpaved highways, 
roads and streets. The State has direct jurisdiction over more 
mileage than has any other road governing body in the nation. 
In terms of size and population, no other state exceeds North 
Carolina in the extent of road services provided for its people. 
There are no toll roads or bridges in North Carolina. 

Major emphasis is now being placed on modernizing many ob- 
solete sections of the Primary System, mainly from the $300 



The State 13 

million Bond Issue authorized in the Statewide referendum of 
November, 19 65; completing the Interstate Highway System; 
and continuing the Appalachian Highway Program. Some 4 25 
miles of the Interstate have already been built to final standards 
and opened to traffic. 

Since 1921, the entire Road and Highway program of the State 
has been financed exclusively from the gasoline tax, motor vehicle 
license fees and Federal Aid, without recourse to property tax- 
ation or aid from the General State Fund. During the past fiscal 
year ending June 30, 1968, the State Highway Fund, including 
Federal Aid, expended $274,004,993 for highway, road, and street 
construction, maintenance, betterments and improvements, in- 
cluding the operation of the Motor Vehicle Department, Highway 
Patrol, Highway Safety Division, other state agencies, and the 
retirement of Secondary Road Bonds. 



Rural Electric and Telephone Service 

Rural areas of North Carolina received little benefits from 
rural electrification prior to 193 5, which is often spoken of as 
the starting point. At that time, only 1,884 miles of rural lines 
serving 11,558 farms were recorded by the North Carolina Rural 
Electrification Authority, which was created in that year to 
secure electric service for the rural areas. Today the Authority 
reports in operation 99,190 miles of rural lines serving 933,522 
consumers. In addition to this, there were 212 miles under con- 
struction or authorized for construction to serve 2,459 consumers. 
Electrification has contributed considerably to the great progress 
in agricultural development over the past few years. The electri- 
fied farm provided for comfort and health in farm living through 
lighting, refrigeration, communication, ranges, washing machines, 
freezers, plumbing and all other many useful household electric 
appliances. 

Electric service is essential to modern farm production. Elec- 
tricity is used by farmers in many ways — yard and building light- 
ing; running water; poultry incubators, brooders and feeders; 
livestock feeding; milking; grain aiid hay driers; irrigation; and 
many other electric-motor driven pieces of farm producing equip- 



14 Noui II Cauoiina Manual 

nuMit. p]le(;tri(iLy affords lire protection and the operation of 
many labor-saving devices for the rural home and farm activities. 
Electric service is practically essential in types of farm produc- 
tion; for example, the production of poultry and Grade A Milk. 

The 1945 United States Census indicated that only 14,539 
North Carolina farms had telephone service. The desire and need 
in the rural areas for communication, so essential to the well- 
being of the people was so widespread that the 1945 General As- 
sembly enacted the Rural Telephone Act, charging the North 
Carolina Rural Electrification Authority with the responsibility 
of assisting rural residents in securing telephone service. Funds 
and personnel were first assigned to the program in 1949, which 
might well be termed the active beginning. Through the activi- 
ties of the State Authority and oher industry and the organiza- 
tion of a number of member-owned Telephone Membership Cor- 
porations, over seven or eight times as many farms now have 
telephone service as in 1945. In addition, a greater number of 
rural non-farm residences also have service. 



PuiiLic Schools 

North Carolina provides a basic State-supported nine months 
public school term, which is supplemented by the 157 local school 
administrative units. Public school enrollment in 1967-68 was 
1,218,188, the ninth largest enrollment of the 50 states. At- 
tendance is compulsory for children between the ages of 7 and 
16. There were 52,152 teachers, principals and supervisors in 
1967-68. Nearly 60 percent of all general fund taxes collected 
by the State are used for elementary and secondary schools. The 
State finances operation of a fleet of 9,234 buses, transporting 
about 603,000 pupils to the public schools. In 1967-68 there were 
2,117 separately organized public schools in the State, and the 
total value of public school property was $1,060,014,981. Ex- 
penditures per pupil for current expenses included $292.18 from 
State funds, $65.66 from federal funds, and $68.45 from local 
sources. The State Board of Education, with three ex-officio 
members and ten members appointed by the Governor and con- 



The State 15 

firmed by the General Assembly, has responsibility for the general 
supervision and administration of the public school system and 
of the educational funds provided by the State and Federal gov- 
ernments; for the formulation of rules, regulations and policies 
concerning instructional programs and for fiscal matters. The 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction is the administrative 
head of the public school system and secretary of the State Board 
of Education. Elected every four years by popular vote, he is 
responsible for administering the instructional policies estab- 
lished by the Board, for organizing and establishing the State 
Department of Public Instruction, and for other matters relating 
to administration and supervision, excluding fiscal matters. The 
Controller of the State Board of Education is the executive ad- 
ministrator of the Board in the supervision and management of 
fiscal affairs, including the budgeting, allocation, accounting, 
certification, auditing and disbursing of public school funds ad- 
ministered by the Board. 



Community Colleges 

The 19 63 General Assembly, following recommendations of the 
Governor's Commission on Education Beyond the High School, 
enacted legislation authorizing the establishment of a system of 
community colleges, technical institutes and industrial education 
centers. The Department of Community Colleges, under the 
direction of the State Board of Education, is responsible for State- 
level administration of this system. These three types of institu- 
tions are commuting, nonresident, multipurpose and community 
centered, offering to high school graduates and others beyond the 
normal high school age opportunities for two-year college trans- 
fer programs, technical programs, vocational programs, and gen- 
eral adult and community service courses. Institutions in opera- 
tion in the fall of 19 68 were 13 community colleges, and 37 tech- 
nical institutes. The average annual full-time equivalent enroll- 
ment for the 50 institutions in 1967-68 was over 32,000. The 
total number of persons served (unduplicated headcount) for 
1967-68 was over 189,000. 



16 North Carolina Manual 



COLLEOKS and UNIVERSITIES 



The TTniversity of North Carolina, chartered in 1789, was the 
first State University in the United States to open its doors. 

Today, the University of North Carolina is composed of six 
units: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North 
Carolina State University at Raleigh, University of North Carolina 
at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, the 
University of North Carolina at Asheville and the University of 
North Carolina at Wilmington. 

There are ten tax-supported senior colleges and regional 
universities located throughout the State: Appalachian State 
University (Boone), East Carolina University (Greenville), Eliza- 
beth City State University (Elizabeth City), Fayetteville State 
University (Fayetteville), North Carolina Agricultural and 
Technical State University (Greensboro), North Carolina Cen- 
tral University (Durham), North Carolina School of the Arts 
(Winston-Salem), Pembroke State University (Pembroke), 
Western Carolina University (Cullowhee), and Winston-Salem 
State University (Winston-Salem). 

Thirteen tax-supported State community colleges, requiring 
local financial support in addition to State funds, are in opera- 
ion: Central Piedmont Community College (Charlotte), College 
of the Albemarle (Elizabeth City), Davidson County Community 
College (Lexington), Gaston College (Gastonia), Isothermal Com- 
munity College (Spindale), Lenoir County Community College 
(Kinston), Rockingham Community College (Wentworth), Sand- 
hills Community College (Southern Pines), Southeastern Com- 
munity College (Whiteville), Surry Community College (Dob- 
son), Wayne Community College (Goldsboro), Western Piedmont 
Community College (Morganton) , and Wilkes Community Col- 
lege ( Wilkesboro) . 

In all there are 71 institutions of higher learning in the State. 
Among the forty-two private or church-related institutions, there 
are two universities (Duke University in Durham, one of the most 
heavily endowed institutions of higher learning in the world, and 
Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem), twenty-eight senior 
colleges, and fourteen junior colleges. There are also one theo- 
logical seminary and three Bible colleges. 



The State 17 

Total college enrollment in North Carolina institutions of 
higher learning, both public and private, was 112,805 in Fall 
1966 and 120,558 in Fall 1967. 

Legal responsibility for planning and promoting a sound, vig- 
orous, progressive and coordinated system of higher education 
for the State rests with the State Board of Higher Education. 
Established by the 1955 General Assembly, the Board seeks the 
cooperation of other agencies and colleges, public and private, 
in developing a system of higher education that meets the State's 
ongoing and future needs at the highest level of excellence. 



THE STATE CAPITOL 

The original State Capitol of North Carolina was destroyed by 
fire on June 21, 1831. 

At the session of November, 1832, the Assembly resolved to 
rebuild on the old site, and $50,000 was appropriated for the pur- 
pose. Commissioners were appointed to have the work done. The 
rubbish was cleared away, the excavations made and the founda- 
tions were laid. On July 4, 1833, the cornerstone was set in place. 

After the foundations were laid the work progressed more slow- 
ly and it was so expensive that the appropriation was exhausted. 
The Legislature at its next session appropriated $75,000 more. 
To do the stone and finer work many skilled artisans had been 
brought from Scotland and other countries. The Building Com- 
missioners contracted with David Paton to come to Raleigh and 
superintend the work. Mr. Paton was an architect who had come 
from Scotland the year before. He was the builder, the architect, 
and designer. 

The Legislature was compelled to make appropriations for the 
work from time to time. The following is a table of the several 
appropriations made: 

Session of 1832-33 $ 50,000.00 

Session of 1833-34 75,000.00 

Session of 1834-35 75,000.00 

Session of 1835 75,000.00 

Session of 1836-37 120,000.00 

Session of 1838-39 105,300.00 

Session of 1840-41 31,374.46 

Total $531,674.46 

The stone with which the building was erected was the property 
of the State. Had the State been compelled to purchase this ma- 
terial the cost of the Capitol would have been considerably in- 
creased. 

In the summer of 18 40 the work was finished. At last, after 
more than seven years, the sum of $531,674.46 was expended. As 
large as that sum was for the time, when the State was so poor 

19 



20 NoKiii Cauoi.ina Mam ai, 

and when the entire taxes for all State purposes reached less than 
$100,000, yet the people were satisfied. The building had been 
erected with rigorous economy, and it was an object of great pride 
to the people. Indeed, never was money better expended than in 
the erection of this noble Capitol. 

Description of the Capitol, Written by David Paton, 

the Architect 

"The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south 
by 140 feet from east to west. The whole height is 91 Vz feet in the 
center. The apex of pediment is 64 feet in height. The stylobate 
is 18 feet in height. The columns of the east and west porticoes 
are 5 feet 2i/4 inches in diameter. An entablature, including block- 
ing course, is continued around the building 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied 
from the Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, 
which was erected in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An 
octagon tower surrounds the rotunda, which is ornamented with 
Grecian cornices, etc., and its dome is decorated at top with a 
similar ornament to that of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, 
commonly called the Lanthorn of Demosthenes. 

"The interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories: First, 
the lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appro- 
priated as offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and 
Comptroller, each having two rooms of the same size — the one 
containing an area of 649 square feet, the other 528 square feet 
— the two committee rooms, each containing 200 square feet and 
four closets; also the rotunda, corridors, vestibules, and piazzas, 
contain an area of 4,370 square feet. The vestibules are decor- 
ated with columns and antae, similar to those of the Ionic Tem- 
ple on the Ilissus, near the Acropolis of Athens. The remainder 
is groined with stone and brick, springing from columns and 
pilasters of the Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' 
chambers, the former containing an area of 2,545 and the latter 
2,8 4 9 square feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, 
two of which contain each an area of 169 square feet, and the other 
two contain each an area of 154 square feet; also, two rooms enter 



The Capitol 21 

from Representatives' chamber, each containing an area of 170 
square feet; of two committee rooms, each containing an area 
of 231 square feet; of four presses and the passages, stairs, lob- 
bies, and colonnades, containing an area of 3,204 square feet. 

"The lobbies and Hall of Representatives have their columns 
and antae of the Octagon Tower of Andronicus Cyrrhestes and the 
plan of the hall is of the formation of the Greek theatre and 
the columns and antae in the Senatorial chamber and rotunda are 
of the Temple of Erectheus, Minerva, Polias, and Pandrosus, in 
the Acropolis of Athens, near the above named Parthenon. 

"Third, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the 
Supreme Court and Library, each containing an area of 693 square 
feet. Galleries of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet; 
also two apartments entering from Senate gallery, each 169 
square feet, of four presses and the lobbies' stairs, 988 square 
feet. These lobbies as well as rotunda, are lit with cupolas, and 
it is proposed to finish the court and library in the florid Gothic 
style." 



THE STATE LEGISLATIVE BUILDING* 

(Named by Ch. 8, SL 1963) 
By Ralph B. Reeves, Jr. 

The Building Commission 

The 1959 General Assembly appropriated funds and authorized 
the establishment of a Building Commission for the construction 
of a new building for the Legislative Branch of the State Govern- 
ment. The statute provided that two members be appointed by 
each Presiding Officer of the two Houses and that three be ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Archie K. Davis and Robert F. Morgan were appointed by Lieu- 
tenant Governor Luther E. Earnhardt; B. L Satterfield and 
Thomas J. White were appointed by Speaker of the House Addi- 
son Hewlett; and Governor Hodges appointed A. E. Finley, Ed- 
win Gill, and Oliver R. Rowe. 

The Commission elected Thomas J. White as Chairman and 
Robert F. Morgan as Vice Chairman. Paul A. Johnston, Director 
of the Department of Administration, was elected Executive Secre- 
tary; and upon his resignation, the Commission elected Frank B. 
Turner, State Property Officer, to succeed him. 

To perform architectural services, the Commission selected Ed- 
ward Durell Stone of New York with John S. Holloway and Ralph 
B. Reeves, Jr., Associated. 

After prolonged study, the Commission selected a site one block 
North of the Capitol and encompassing a two-block area. The 5V2- 
acre site is bounded by Jones, Salisbury, Lane, and Wilmington 
streets. Halifax Street between Jones and Lane streets was closed 
and included within the new site. 

Bids were received in December, 19 60; construction commenced 
in early 1961. The 1961 General Assembly appropriated an addi- 
tional $1 million for furnishings and equipment bringing the total 
appropriation to IS^o million. 

Based upon the latest census, the cost of the building to citizens 
of North Carolina was $1.24 each. 



♦The Building is commonly referred to as THE STATE HOUSE. 

23 



24 NoKTii Cauoijna Mam'ai. 

Description of the Building 

The State Legislative Building, though not an imitation of his- 
toric classical styles, is classical in character. Rising from a 340- 
foot wide podium of North Carolina granite, the building proper is 
242 feet square. The walls and the columns are of Vermont mar- 
ble, the latter forming a colonnade encompassing the building 
and reaching 24 feet from the podium to the roof of the second 
fioor. 

Inset in the south podium floor, at the main entrance, is a 28- 
foot diameter terrazzo mosaic of the Great Seal of the State. From 
the first floor main entrance (at Jones Street) the carpeted 22- 
foot wide main stair extends directly to the third floor and the 
public galleries of the Senate and House, the auditorium, the dis- 
play area, and the roof gardens. 

The four garden courts are located at the corners of the build- 
ing. These courts contain tropical plants, and three have pools, 
fountains, and hanging planters. The main floor areas of the 
courts are located in the first floor, and mezzanines overlook the 
courts from the second floor. The skylights which provide natural 
lighting are located within the roof gardens overhead. The courts 
provide access to committee rooms in the first floor, the legislative 
chambers in the second floor, and to members' offices in both 
floors. 

The Senate and House chambers, each 5,180 square feet in 
area, occupy the east and west wings of the second floor. Follow- 
ing the traditional relationship of the two chambers in the Cap- 
itol, the two spaces are divided by the rotunda; and when the 
main brass doors are open, the two presiding officers face one 
another. Each pair of brass doors weigh 1,500 pounds. 

The five pyramidal roofs covering the Senate and House cham- 
bers, the auditorium, the main stair, and the rotunda are sheathed 
with copper, as is the Capitol. The pyramidal shape of the roofs 
is visible in the pointed ceilings inside. The structural ribs form 
a coffered ceiling; and inside the coffered patterns, concentric 
patterns are outlined in gold. In each chamber, the distance from 
the floor to the peak of the ceiling is 45 feet. 

Chandeliers in the chambers and main stair are 8 feet in dia- 
meter and weigh 625 pounds each. The 12-foot diameter chan- 
delier of the rotunda, like the others, is of brass, but its weight 
is 750 pounds. 



The Capitol 25 

Because of the interior environment, the garden courts and 
rotunda have tropical plants and trees. Outside, however, the 
shrubs and trees are of an indigenous type. Among the trees in 
the grounds, on the podium, and in the roof areas are sugar 
maples, dogw^oods, crabapples, magnolias, crepe myrtles, and 
pines. 

Throughout the building, the same color scheme is maintained: 
Walnut, white, gold, and red, with green foliage. In general, all 
wood is American walnut, metal is brass or other gold colored 
material, carpets are red, and upholstery is gold or black. 

The enclosed area consists of 206,000 square feet of floor area 
with a volume of 3,210,000 cubic feet. Heating equipment pro- 
vides over 7,000,000 B.T.U. per hour; and the cooling equipment 
has a capacity of 620 tons. For lighting, motors, and other elec- 
trical equipment, the building has a connected service load of 
over 2,000,000 watts. 



26 North Carolina Manu.u. 



CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Governors of "Virginia" 

Ralph Lane, April , 1585-June — , 1586. 

John White, April ...., 1587-August .- , 1587. 



Chief Executives Under the Proprietors 

William Drummond, October .. , 1663-October _., 1667. 

Samuel Stephens, October , 1667-December , 1669. 

Peter Carteret, October ..... 1670-May .._., 1673. 
John Jenkins, May _.... 1673-November .._., 1676. 

Thomas Eastchurch, November .— , 1676- _„, 1678. 

Thomas Miller, , 1677- 

John Culpepper, . , 1677- , 1678. 

Seth Sothel, , 1678- 

John Harvey, February .-., 1679-August .-, 1679. 

John Jenkins, November ... , 1679- , 1681. 

Seth Sothel, , 1682- , 1689. 

Philip Ludwell, December .__.1689- , 1691. 

Philip Ludwell, November 2, 1691- , 1694. 

Thomas Jarvis, , 1691- , 1694. 

John Archdale, August 31, 1694- , 1696. 

Thomas Harvey, , 1694- , 1699. 

Henderson Walker, , 1699-August 14, 1704. 

Robert Daniel, , 1704- , 1705. 

Thomas Cary, 1705- , 1706. 

William Glover, , 1706- , 1708. 

Thomas Cary, , 1708-January ...., 1711. 

Edward Hyde, , 1710-May 9, 1712. 

Edward Hyde, May 9, 1712-September 8, 1712. 
Thomas Pollock, September 12, 1712-May 28, 1714. 
Charles Eden, May 28, 1714-March 26, 1722. 
Thomas Pollock, March 30, 1722-August 30, 1722. 
William Reed, August 30, 1722-January 15, 1724. 
George Burrington, January 15, 1724-July 17, 172& 
Richard Everard, July 17, 1725-May ...., 1728. 



Governors 27 

Governors Under the Crown 

Richard Everard, May . , 1728-February 25, 1731. 
George Burrington, February 25, 1731-April 15, 1734. 
Nathaniel Rice, April 15, 1734-October 27, 1734. 
Gabriel Johnston, October 27, 1734-July 17, 1752. 
Matthew Rowan, July 17, 1752-November 2, 1754. 
Arthur Dobbs, November 2, 1754-March 28, 1765. 
William Tryon, March 28, 1765-December 20, 1765. 
William Tryon, December 20, 1765-JuIy 1, 1771. 
James Hasell, July 1, 1771-August 12, 1771. 
Josiah Martin, August, 12, 1771-May __. , 1775. 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 

Name, County, Terms of Office 

Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 19, 1776-April 18, 1777. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1777-April 18, 1778. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1778-May 4, 1779. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, May 4, 1779-April, 1780. 
Abner Nash, Craven, April, 1780-June 26, 1781. 
Thomas Burke, Orange, June 26, 1781-April 26, 1782. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 26, 1782-April 30, 1783. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 30, 1783-April 1, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 1, 1785-December 12, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 12, 1785-December 23, 1786. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 23, 1786-December 20, 1787. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, December 20, 1787-November 18, 1788. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 18, 1788-November 16, 1789. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 16, 1789-December 17, 1789. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 17, 1789-December 9, 1790. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 9, 1790-January 2, 1792. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, January 2, 1792-December 14, 1792. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 14, 1792-December 26, 1793. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 26, 1793-January 6, 1795. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, January 6, 1795-November 19, 1795. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, November 19, 1795-December 19, 1798. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 19, 1796-December 5, 1797. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 5, 1797-December 7, 1798. 
W. R Davie, Halifax, December 7, 1798-November 23, 1799. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 23, 1799-November 29, 1800. 



28 NoKiM Cakomna Mamai. 

Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 29, 1800-November 28, 1801. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 28, 1801-December 6, 1802. 
James Turner. Warren, December 6, 1802-December 1, 1803. 
James Turner, Warren, December 1, 1803-November 29, 1804. 
James Turner, Warren, November 29, 1804-December 10, 1805. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 10, 1805-December 1, 

1806. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 1, 1806-December 1, 

1807. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, December 1, 1807-December 12, 1808. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 12, 1808-December 13, 1809. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 13, 1809-December 5, 1810. 
Benjamin Smith, Brunswick, December 5, 1810-Deceraber 9, 1811. 
William Hawkins, Warren, December 9, 1811-November 25, 1812. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 25, 1812-November 20, 1813. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 20, 1813-November 29, 1814. 
William Miller, Warren, November 29, 1814-December 7, 1815. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1815-December 7, 1816. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1816-December 3, 1817. 
John Branch, Halifax, December 3, 1817-November 24, 1818. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 24, 1818-November 25, 1819. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 25, 1819-December 7, 1820. 
Jesse Franklin, Surry, December 7, 1820-December 7, 1821. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1821-December 7, 1822. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1822-December 6, 1823. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 6, 1823-December 7, 1824. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 7, 1824-December 6, 1825. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 6, 1825-December 29, 1826. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 29, 1826-December 8, 1827. 
James Iredell, Chowan, December 8, 1827-December 12, 1828. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 12, 1828-December 10, 1829. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 10, 1829-December 18, 1830. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 18, 1830-December 13, 1831. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 13, 1831-December 6, 1832. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 6, 1832-December 9, 1833. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 9, 1833-December 10, 1834. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 10, 1834-December 10, 1835. 
R. D. Spaight, Jr., Craven, December 10, 1835-December 31, 1836. 



GOVEENOES 29 

Governors Elected by the People 

E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 31, 1836-December 29, 1838. 

E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 29, 1838-January 1, 1841. 

J. M. Morehead, Guilford, January 1, 1841-December 31, 1842. 

J. M. Morehead, Guilford, December 31, 1842-January 1, 1845. 

W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1845-January 1, 1847. 

W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1847-January 1, 1849. 

Charles Manly, Wake, January 1, 1849-January 1, 1851. 

D. S. Reid, Rockingham, January 1, 1851-December 22, 1852. 

D. S. Reid, Rockingham, December 22, 1852-December 6, 1854. 

Warren Winslow, Cumberland, December 6, 1854-January 1, 1855. 

Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1855-January 1, 1857. 

Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1857-January 1, 1859. 

John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1859-January 1, 1861. 

John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1861-July 7, 1861. 

Henry T. Clark, Edgecombe, July 7, 1861-September 8, 1862. 

Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, September 8, 1862-December 22, 1864. 

Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, December 22, 1864-May 29, 1865. 

W. W. Holden, Wake, May 29, 1865-December 15, 1865. 

Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 15, 1865-December 22, 1866. 

Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 22, 1866-July 1, 1868. 

W. W. Holden, Wake, July 1, 1868- December 15, 1870. 

T. R. Caldwell, Burke, December 15, 1870-January 1, 1873. 

T. R. Caldwell, Burke, January 1, 1873-July 11, 1874. 

C. H. Brogden, Wayne, July 11, 1874-January 1, 1877. 

Z. B. Vance, Mecklenburg, January 1, 1877-February 5, 1879. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, February 5, 1879-January 18, 1881. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, January 18, 1881-January 21, 1885. 

A. M. Scales, Rockingham, January 21, 1885-January 17, 1889. 

D. G. Fowle, Wake, January 17, 1889-April 8, 1891. 
Thomas M. Holt, Alamance, April 8, 1891-January 18, 1893. 
Elias Carr, Edgecombe, January 18, 1893-January 12, 1897. 
D. L. Russell, Brunswick, January 12, 1897-January 15, 1901. 
Charles B. Aycock, Wayne, January 15, 1901-January 11, 1905. 
R. B. Glenn, Forsyth, January 11, 1905-January 12, 1909. 

W. W. Kitchin, Person, January 12, 1909-January 15, 1913. 
Locke Craig, Buncombe, January 15, 1913-January 11, 1917. 
Thomas W. Bickett, Franklin, January 11, 1917-January 12, 1921. 
Cameron Morrison, Mecklenburg, January 12, 1921-January 14, 1925. 



30 NoKTii Cauoi.ina MA.\i;Ar, 

Angus Wilton McLean, Robeson, January 14, 1925-January 11, 1929. 
O. Max Gardner, Cleveland, January 11, 1929-January 5, 1933. 
J. C. B. Ehringhaus, Pasquotank, January 5, 1933-January 7, 1937. 
Clyde R. Hoey, Cleveland, January 7, 1937-January 9, 1941. 
J. Melville Broughton, Wake, January 9, 1941-January 4, 1945. 
R. Gregg Cherry, Gaston, January 4, 1945-January 6, 1949. 
W. Kerr Scott, Alamance, January 6, 1949-January 8, 1953. 
William B. Umstead, Durham, January 8, 1953-November 7, 1954. 
Luther H. Hodges, Rockingham, November 7, 1954-Pebruary 7, 1957. 
Luther H. Hodges, Rockingham, February 7, 1957-January 5, 1961. 
Terry Sanford, Cumberland, January 5, 1961-January 8, 1965. 
Dan K. ftloore, Haywood, January 8, 1965-January 3, 1969. 
Robert W. Scott, Alamance, January 3, 1969 — 



LlKUTKNANT GOVKKNOKS 



31 



LIST OF PERSONS WHO HAVE SERVED AS 
LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS SINCE JULY 1, 1868 

This List Has Been Compiled From The North Carolina 

Mcnual of 1913 And The Manuals Published Every 

Two Years Since That Date. 



Name 


County 


Term Elected 


Term Serred 


Tod R. Caldwell! 


Burke 

Wayne 

Pitt 

Macon 

New Hanover- 
Alamance 


1868-1872 
1872-1876 
1876-1880 
1881-1885 
1885-1889 
1889-1893 
1893-1897 
1897-1901 
1901-1905 
1905-1909 
1909-1913 
1913-1917 
1917-1921 
1921-1925 
1925-1929 
1929 1933 
1933-1937 
1937-1941 
1941-1945 
1945-1949 
1949-1953 
1953-1957 
1957-1961 
1961-1965 
1965-1969 
i!ir,!t-i<t7:{ 


1868-1870 


Curtis H BroEden* 


1872-1874 


Thomas J. Jarvls* 

James L. Robinson 


1876-1878 
1881-1885 


Charles M. Steadman _ 

Thomas M. Holt* 


1885-1889 
1889-1891 


Rufus A. Doughton _ 

Charles A Revnolds 


Alleghany 

Forsyth 

Iredell 


1893-L89T 
1897-1901 


W. D. Turner _ 


1901-1905 


Francis D Winston 


Bertie 

Caldwell 

Edgecombe 

Cleveland 

Xew Hanover.. 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Orange 


1905-1909 


William C. Newland 


1909-1913 


Elijah L Dauehtridfie 


1913-1917 


Max Gardner 


1917-1921 


W B Cooper 


1921-1925 


J. Elmer Long 


1925-1929 


Richard T. Fountain 


1929-1933 


A. H Graham 


1933-1937 


W P. Horton 


Chatham 

Person 

Wake 

Anson 

Rockingham 

Cabarrus 


1937-1941 


R. L. Harris 


1941-1945 


L Y. Ballentlne 


1945-1949 


H. P. Taylor 


1949-1953 


Luther H. Hodges* 


1953-1954 


Luther E. Barnhardt 


1957-1961 


H. Cloyd Phllpott* _ 

Robert W Scott 


Davidson 


1961 


Alamance 


liH;.-.-l!)f)9 


H. Patrick Tavicir, Jr. 


Anson 


i!t(;9- 



1. Becmme Governor December 15, 1870 when W. W. Holden waa impeached, tried 

and put out of office. 

2. Became Governor July 11, 1874 when Tod R. Caldwell died in office. 

5. Became Governor February 5, 1879 when Governor Vance waa elected U. 8. 

Senator. 
4. Became Governor April 9, 1891 when D. G. Fowle died in office. 

6. Became Governor November 7, 1954 when William B. Un\stead died in offle*. 
C. Died in office, AuEust 18, 1961. 



THE STATE FLAG 
An Act to Establish a State Flag 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a 
blue union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the 
letter N in gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of 
said star, the circle containing the same to be one-third the width of 
the union. 

Sec. 2. That the fly of the flag shall consist of two equally pro- 
portioned bars; the upper bar to be red, the lower bar to be white; 
that the length of the bars horizontally shall be equal to the per- 
pendicular length of the union, and the total length of the flag 
shall be one-third more than its width. 

Sec. 3. That above the star in the center of the union there 
shall be a gilt scroll in semicircular form, containing in black let- 
ters this inscription: "May 20th, 1775," and that below the star 
there shall be a similar scroll containing in black letters the in- 
scription: "April 12th, 1776." 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 9th 
day of March, A.D., 1885. 

No change has been made in the flag since the passage of this 
act. By an act of 1907 it is provided: 

"That the board of trustees or managers of the several State 
institutions and public buildings shall provide a North Carolina flag, 
of such dimensions and materials as they may deem best, and the 
same shall be displayed from a staff upon the top of each and 
every such building at all times except during inclement weather, 
and upon the death of any State officer or any prominent citizen 
the Flag shall be put at half-mast until the burial of such person 
shall have taken place. 

"That the Board of County Commissioners of the several coun- 
ties in this State shall likewise authorize the procuring of a North 
Carolina flag, to be displayed either on a staff upon the top, or 
draped behind the Judge's stand, in each and every courthouse in 
the State, and that the State flag shall be displayed at each and 
every term of court held, and on such other public occasions as 
the Commissioners may deem proper." (Rev., s. 5321; 1885 c. 291; 
1907, c. 838.) 

32 



i^oijfc^ 




THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION OF 
20th MAY, 1775* 

Declaration 

Names of the Delegates Present 

Col. Thomas Polk John McKnitt Alexander 

Ephriam Brevard Hezekiah Alexander 

Hezekiah J. Balch Adam Alexander 

John Phifer Charles Alexander 

James Harris Zacheus Wilson, Sen. 

William Kennon Waightstill Avery 

John Ford Benjamin Patton 

Richard Barry Mathew McClure 

Henry Downs Neil Morrison 

Ezra Alexander Robert Irwin 

William Graham John Flenniken 

John Quary David Reese 

Abraham Alexander Richard Harris, Sen. 

Abraham Alexander was appointed Chairman, and John Mc- 
Knitt Alexander, Clerk. The following resolutions were offered, 
viz; 

1. Resolved. That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted or in 
any way form or manner contenanced the unchartered and dan- 
gerous invasion of our rights as claimed by Great Britain is an 
enemy to this country, to America, and to the inherent and in- 
alienable rights of man. 

2. Resolved. That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do 
hereby dissolve the political bands which have connected us to the 
mother country and hereby absolve ourselves from all allegiance 
to the British Crown and abjure all political connection contract 
or association with that nation who have wantonly trampled on 
our rights and liberties and inhumanly shed the blood of American 
patriots at Lexington. 

3. Resolved. That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and in- 
dependent people, are, and of right ought to be a sovereign and 



*The above is found in Vol. IX, pages 1263-65 of the Colonial Record3 of North 
Carolina. 

34 



The Mecklenburg Declaration 35 

self-governing association under the control of no power other 
than that of our God and the General Government of the Congress 
to the maintenance of which independence we solemnly pledge to 
each other our mutual cooperation, our lives, our fortunes, and our 
most sacred honor. 

4. Resolved, That as we now acknowledge the existence and con- 
trol of no law or legal officer, civil or military within this County, 
we do hereby ordain and adopt as a rule of life all, each and 
every of our former laws — wherein nevertheless the Crown of 
Great Britain never can be considered as holding rights, privileges, 
immunities, or authority therein. 

5. Resolved, That it is further decreed that all, each and every 
Military Officer in this County is hereby reinstated in his former 
command and authority, he acting conformably to these regula- 
tions. And that every member present of this delegation shall 
henceforth be a civil officer, viz., a justice of the peace, in the 
character of a "committee man" to issue process, hear and deter- 
mine all matters of controversy according to said adopted laws 
and to preserve peace, union and harmony in said county, and 
to use every exertion to spread the love of Country and fire of 
freedom throughout America, until a more general and organized 
government be established in this Province. 



THE STATE BIRD 

By popular choice the Cardinal was selected for adoption as 
our State Bird as of March 4, 1943. (S. L. 1943 c. 595; G. S. 
145-2). 

This bird is sometimes called the Winter Redbird because it is 
most conspicuous in winter and is the only "redbird" present at 
that season. It is an all year round resident and one of the com- 
monest birds in our gardens and thickets. It is about the size of a 
Catbird with a longer tail, red all over, except that the throat and 
region around the bill is black; the head is conspicuously crested 
and the large stout bill is red; the female is much duller — the red 
being mostly confined to the crest, wings and tail. There are no 
seasonal changes in the plumage. 

The Cardinal is a fine singer, and what is unusual among birds 
the female is said to sing as well as the male, which latter sex 
usually has a monopoly of that art in the feathered throngs. 

The nest is rather an untidy affair built of weed stems, grass 
and similar materials in a low shrub, small tree or bunch of briars, 
usually not over four feet above the ground. The usual number 
of eggs to a set is three in this State, usually four further North. 
Possibly the Cardinal raises an extra brood down here to make 
up the difference, or possibly he can keep up his normal population 
more easily here through not having to face inclement winters 
of the colder North. A conspicuous bird faces more hazards. 

The cardinal is by nature a seed eater, but he does not dislike 
small fruits and insects. 



37 



THE GREAT SEAL 

The Constitution of North Carolina, Article III, section 16, re- 
quir<*s that 

"There shall be a seal of the State which shall be kept by the 
Governor, and used by him as occasion may require, and shall be 
called 'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina.' All grants 
and Commissions shall be issued in the name and by the authority 
of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 'The Great Seal of the 
State,' signed by the Governor and countersigned by the Secretary 
of State." 

The use of a Great Seal for the attestation of important docu- 
ments began with the institution of government in North Carolina. 
There have been at various times nine different seals in use in the 
colony and State. 

The present Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is de- 
scribed as follows: 

"The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is two and one- 
quarter inches in diameter, and its design is a representation of 
the figures of Liberty and Plenty, looking toward each other, but 
not more than half fronting each other, and otherwise disposed, as 
follows: Liberty, the first figure, standing, her pole with cap on it 
in her left hand and a scroll with the word 'Constitution' inscribed 
thereon in her right hand. Plenty, the second figure, sitting down, 
her right arm half extended toward Liberty, three heads of wheat 
in her right hand, and in her left the small end of her horn, the 
mouth of which is resting at her feet, and the contents of horn 
rolling out. In the exergon Is inserted the words May 20, 1775, 
above the coat of arms. Around the circumference is the legend 
'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina' and the motto 
'Esse Quam Videri'." (Rev., s. 5339; Code ss. 3328, 3329; 1868-9, 
c. 270, s. 35; 1883, c. 392; 1893. c. 145.) 



38 



THE HALIFAX RESOLUTION 

Adopted by the Provincial Congress of North Carolina in Session 

at Halifax, April 12, 1776. 

"The Select Committee taking into Consideration the usurpa- 
tions and violences attempted and committed by the King and 
Parliament of Britain against America, and the further Measures 
to be taken for frustrating the same, and for the better defence of 
this province reported as follows, to wit, 

"It appears to your Committee that pursuant to the Plan con- 
certed by the British Ministry for subjugating America, the King 
and Parliament of Great Britain have usurped a Power over the 
Persons and Properties of the People unlimited and uncontrouled; 
and disregarding their humble Petitions for Peace, Liberty and 
safety, have made divers Legislative Acts, denouncing War Fam- 
ine and every Species of Calamity against the Continent in Gen- 
eral. That British Fleets and Armies have been and still are 
daily employed in destroying the People and commiting the most 
horrid devastations on the Country. That Governors in different 
Colonies have declared Protection to Slaves who should imbrue 
their Hands in the Blood of their Masters. That the Ships belong- 
ing to America are declared prizes of War and many of them have 
been violently seized and confiscated in consequence of which 
multitudes of the people have been destroyed or from easy Cir- 
cumstances reduced to the most Lamentable distress. 

"And whereas the moderation hitherto manifested by the United 
Colonies and their sincere desire to be reconciled to the mother 
Country on Constitutional Principles, have procured no mitigation 
of the aforesaid Wrongs and usurpations, and no hopes remain of 
obtaining redress by those Means alone which have been hitherto 
tried, Your Committee are of Opinion that the house should enter 
into the following Resolve, to wit 

"Resolved that the delegates for this Colony in the Continental 
Congress be impowered to concur with the delegates of the other 
Colonies in declaring Independency, and forming foreign Alli- 
ances, reserving to this Colony the Sole, and Exclusive right of 
forming a Constitution and Laws for this Colony, and of appoint- 
ing delegates i'rom time to time (under the direction of a general 
Representation thereof) to meet the delegates of the other Col- 
onies for such purposes as shall be hereafter pointed out." 

40 



NAME OF STATE AND NICKNAMES 

In 1629 King Charles the First of England "erected into a 
province," all the land from Albemarle Sound on the north to the 
St. John's River on the south, which he directed should be called 
Carolina. The word Carolina is from the word Carolus, the Latin 
form of Charles. 

When Carolina was divided in 1710, the southern part was 
called South Carolina and the northern or older settlement was 
called North Carolina, or the "Old North State." Historians had 
recorded the fact that the principal products of this State were 
"tar, pitch and turpentine." It was during one of the fiercest 
battles of the War Between the States, so the story goes, that the 
column supporting the North Carolina troops was driven from the 
field. After the battle the North Carolinians, who had successfully 
fought it out alone, were greeted from the passing derelict regi- 
ment with the question: "Any more tar down in the Old North 
State, boys?" Quick as a flash came the answer: "No; not a bit; 
old Jeff's bought it all up." "Is that so; what is he going to do 
with it?" was asked. "He is going to put it on you-uns heels to 
make you stick better in the next fight." Creecy relates that Gen- 
eral Lee, hearing of the incident, said: "God bless the Tar Heel 
boys," and from that they took the name. — Adapted from Grand- 
father Tales of North Carolina by R. B. Creecy and Histories of 
North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, by Walter Clark. 

The State Motto 

The General Assembly of 1893 (chapter 145) adopted the words 
"Esse Quam Videri" as the State's motto and directed that these 
words with the date "20 May, 1775," should be placed with our 
Coat of Arms upon the Great Seal of the State. 

The words "Esse Quam Videri" mean "to be rather than to 
seem." Nearly every State has adopted a motto, generally in Latin. 
The reason for their mottoes being in Latin is that the Latin 
tongue is far more condensed and terse that the English. The 
three words, "Esse Quam Videri," require at least six English 
words to express the same idea. 

Curiosity has been aroused to learn the origin of our State 
motto. It is found in Cicero in his essay on Friendship (Cicero de 
Amicitia, Chap. 26) 

41 



4 2 N()[;iii ("akoi.in A Mamai. 

It is a little singular that until the act of 1893 the sovereign 
State of North Carolina had no motto since its declaration of in- 
dependence. It was one of the very few states which did not have 
a motto and the only one of the original thirteen without one. 
(Rev., s 5320; 1893. c. 145; G. S. 144-2.) 

The State Colors 

The General Assembly of 1945 declared Red and Blue of shades 
appearing in the North Carolina State Flag and the American 
P^'lag as the official State Colors. (Session Laws. 1945, c. 878.) 

The State Flower 

The General Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the 
State flower. (Public Laws, 1941, c. 289; G. S. 145-1.) 

The State Song 

The song known as "The Old North State" was adopted as the 
official song of the State of North Carolina by the General Assem- 
bly of 1927. (Public Laws, 1927, c. 26; G.S. 149-1). 

The State Shell 

The General Assembly of 1965 designated the Scotch Bonnet 
as the State Shell. (Session Laws, 1965, c. 681). 

The State Tree 

The pine was officially designated as the State tree by the General 
Assembly of 1963. (Session Laws, 1963, c. 41). 

The State Toast 

Officially adopted as the toast of North Carolina by the General 
Assembly of 1957. (Session Laws, 1957, c. 777). 

Here's to the land of the long leaf pine. 

The summer land where the sun doth shine, 

Where the weak grow strong and the strong grow great, 

Here's to "Down Home," the Old North State! 

Here's to the land of the cotton bloom white. 
Where the scuppernong perfumes the breeze at night. 
Where the soft southern moss and jessamine mate, 
'Neath the murmuring pines of the Old North State! 



Public Holidays 43 

Here's to the land where the galax grows, 
Where the rhododendron's rosette glows, 
Where soars Mount Mitchell's summit great, 
In the "Land of the Sky," in the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where maidens are fair. 
Where friends are true and cold hearts rare, 
The near land, the dear land whatever fate. 
The blest land, the best land, the Old North State! 

(Composed in 190^ by Leonora Martin and Mary Burke Kerr.) 

Public Holidays 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

January 19 — Birthday of General Robert E. Lee. 

February 22 — Birthday of George Washington. 

Easter Monday. (Applies to State and National Banks only). 

April 12 — Anniversary of the Resolutions adopted by the Pro- 
vincial Congress of North Carolina at Halifax, April 12, 1776, 
authorizing the delegates from North Carolina to the Continental 
Congress to vote for a Declaration of Independence. 

May 10 — Confederate Memorial Day. 

May 20 — Anniversary of the "Mecklenburg Declaration of In- 
dependence." 

May 30 — Memorial Day (Applies to State and National Banks 
only) 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

September, first Monday — Labor Day. 

November, Tuesday after first Monday — General Election Day. 

November 11 — Veterans Day. 

November, Fourth Thursday — Thanksgiving Day. 

By joint Resolution No. 41 of Congress, approved by the Presi- 
dent December 26, 1941, the fourth Thursday in November in each 
and every year after 1941, was designated as Thanksgiving Day 
and made a legal public holiday to all intents and purposes. 

December 25 — Christmas Day. 

(G.S. 103-4). 



44 Noiciii Cakoi.ina Manxtai, 

Population of the State Since 1675 

1675 (Estimated) 4,000 

1701 (Estimated) _. . 5,000 

1707 (Estimated) 7,000 

1715 (Estimated) 11,000 

172-9 (Estimated) 35,000 

1752 (Estimated) 100.000 

1765 (Estimated) 200,000 

1771 (Estimated) 250,000 

1786 (Estimated) 350,000 

1790 (Census) 393.751 

1800 (Census) 478,103 

1810 (Census) 555,500 

1820 (Census) 638,829 

1830 (Census) 737,987 

1840 (Census) 753,409 

1850 (Census) 869,039 

1860 (Census) 992,622 

1870 (Census) 1,071,361 

1880 (Census) 1,399,750 

1890 (Census) 1,617,947 

1900 (Census) 1,893,810 

1911) (Census) 2,206,287 

1920 (Census) 2, 559, 12^3 

1930 (Census) 3,170,276 

1940 (Census) 3,571,623 

1960 (Census) 4,061,929 

1960 (Census) 4.556,155 



THE OLD NORTH STATE 

(Traditional air as sung in 1928) 



William Gastom 

With spirit 



Collected and abbamow 
BT UB8. E. E. Bandolpb 




1. Car- o • 

2. Tho' she 

3. Then let 



li • nal Car 
en - vies not 
all those who 



It - nal heav-en's bless-ings at - tend 
oth • ers, their mer - it - ed glo • 
love us, love the land that we live 



her, 
m. 




While we live we will cher  ish, pro 

Say whose name stands the fore - most, in 

As hap  py a re - gion as 



tect 
lib 
on this 



and 
• er 
side 



de- fend her, Tho' the 
ty's sto - ry, Tho' too 
of heav-en, Where 








scorn - er Tiay sneer at and wit - lings de - fame her, Still our hearts swell with 
true to her - self e'er to crouch to op-pres-sion. Who can yield to just 
plen - ty and peace, love and joy smile be - fore us. Raise a.loud, raisi to- 




Chobus 



I 



i 



^= 



^ 



*=^ 



^ 



e 



^:Xz 



glad - ness when ev • er we name her. 

rule • more loy - al sub-mis-sion. Hur • rah! 

geth • er the heart thrill - ing cho-rus. 

-* r* m r-« -m r^ T^ 



Hur - rahl 



the 



H 



4: 



It: 



r 




1 — n — ^ 
— p  1 



m 



■isz 



rit. 



s^rr?! 



-s*-^ 



m 



-^-•f- 



Old North state for -ev 

-jt « «- 



er, Hur 



rahl 

■S" — 



Hur - rahl the good Old North State 



^ 



b li L^-l 



t— r 



I 



CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 



PREAMBLE 



We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Almighty 
God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preservation of the 
American Union and the existence of our civil, political and religious 
liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him for the con- 
tinuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, do, for the more 
certain security thereof, and for the better government of this State, 
ordain and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I 

UEt'LARATION OF RIGHTS 

That the Great, general and essential principles of liberty and 
free government may be recognized and established, and that the 
relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United 
States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the 
American people may be defined and affirmed, we do declare: 

Section 1. The equality and rights of persons. That we hold it 
to be self-evident that all persons are created equal; that they are 
endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that 
among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of their 
own labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. Political power and government. That all political power 
is vested in, and derived from, the people; all government of right 
originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is 
instituted solely for the good of the whole. 

Sec. 3. Internal government of the State. That the people of 
this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulat- 
ing the internal government and police thereof, and of altering and 
abolishing their Constitution and form of government whenever 
it may be necessary to their safety and happiness; but every such 

47 



4S Nnui II CvKoiJNA Manual 

right should be exorcised in pursuance of law. and consistently 
with the Constitution of the United States. 

Sec. 4. That there in no riijht to secede. That this State shall 
ever remain a member of the American Union; that the people 
thereof are a part of the American Nation; that there is no right 
on the part of the State to secede, and that all attempts, from 
whatever source or upon whatever pretext, to dissolve said Union 
or to sever said Nation, ought to be resisted with the whole power 
of the State. 

Sec. 5. Of allegiance to the United States Government. That 
every citizen of this State owes paramount allegiance to the Con- 
stitution and Government of the United States, and that no law or 
ordinance of the State in contravention or subversion thereof can 
have any binding force. 

Sec. 6. Public debt: bonds issued under Ordinance of Conven- 
tion of 186S, 'CS-UU), '6!i-'70. declared invalid; exception. The State 
shall never assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any debt 
or obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave; nor shall the General Assembly assume 
or pay, or authorize the collection of any tax to pay, either directly 
or indirectly, expressed or implied, any debt or bond incurred, or 
issued, by authority of the Convention of the year one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-eight, nor any debt or bond Incurred or 
issued by the Legislature of the year one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-eight, either at its special session of the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-eight, or at its regular sessions of 
the years one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight and one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, and one thousand eight 
hundred and sixty-nine and one thousand eight hundred and 
seventy, except the bonds issued to fund the interest on the old 
debt of the State, unless the proposing to pay the same shall have 
first been submitted to the people and by them ratified by the 
vote of a majority of all the qualified voters of the State, at a 
regular election held for that purpose. 

Sec. 7. E.rclusive einolunients. etc. No person or set of persons 
are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from 
the conuuunity but in consideration of public services. 



Constitution 4 9 

Sec. 8. The legislative, executive and judicial potoers distinct. 
The legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of the 
government ought to be forever separate and distinct from each 
other. 

Sec. 9. Of the poiver of suspending laws. All power of suspend- 
ing laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without the 
consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to their 
rights, and ought not to be exercised. 

Sec. 10 Elections free. All elections ought to be free. 

Sec. 11. In criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions, 
every person charged with crime has the right to be informed of 
the accusation and to confront the accusers and witnesses with 
other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and not be com- 
pelled to give self-incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail fees, 
or necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found guilty. 

Sec. 12. Ayiswers to criminal charges. No person shall be put 
to answer any criminal charge except as hereinafter allowed, but 
by indictment, presentment, or impeachment. But any person, 
when represented by counsel, may, under such regulations as the 
Legislature shall prescribe, waive indictment in all except capital 
cases. 

Sec. 13. Right of jury. No Person shall be convicted of any 
crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful 
persons in open court. The Legislature may, however, provide 
other means of trial, for petty misdemeanors, with the right of 
appeal. 

Sec. 14. Excessive bail. Excessive bail should not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments in- 
flicted. 

Sec. 15. General warrants. General warrants, whereby any offi- 
cer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places, 
without evidence of the act committed, or to seize any person or 
persons not named, whose offense is not particularly described and 
supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty and ought not to 
be granted. 

Sec. 16. Imprisonment for debt. There shall be no imprison- 
ment for debt in this State, except in cases of fraud. 



50 NouTii Carolina Manuai, 

Sec. 17. No persons tiikcn. etc., but by law of land. No person 
ought to be taken, imprisoned or disseized of his freehold, liber- 
ties, or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner deprived 
of his life, liberty or property, but by the law of the land. 

Sec. 18. Persons restrained of liberty. Every person restrained 
of his liberty is entitled to a remedy to inquire into the lawfulness 
thereof, and to remove the same, if unlawful; and such remedy 
ought not to be denied or delayed. 

Sec. 19. Controversies at laiv respecting property. In all con- 
troversies at law respecting property, the ancient mode of trial 
by jury is one of the best securities of the rights of the people, 
and ought to remain sacred and inviolable. No person shall be 
excluded from jury service on account of sex. 

Sec. 20. Freedor.i of the press. The freedom of the press is one 
of the great bulwarks of liberty, and therefore ought never to be 
restrained, but every individual shall be held responsible for the 
abuse of the same. 

Sec. 21. Habeas corpus. The privilege of the writ of habeas 
corpus shall not be suspended. 

Sec. 22. Property qualification. As political rights and privi- 
leges are not dependent upon, or modified by, property, therefore 
no property qualification ought to affect the right to vote or hold 
office. 

Sec. 23. Representation and taxation. The people of the State 
ought not to be taxed, or made subject to the payment of any 
impost or duty without the consent of themselves, or their repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 24 Militia and the right to bear arms. A well regulated 
militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right 
of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; and, 
as standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they 
ought not to be kept up, and the military should be kept under 
strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. Nothing 
herein contained shall justify the practice of carrying concealed 
weapons, or prevent the Legislature from enacting penal statutes 
against said practice. 

Sec. 25. Right of the people to assemble together. The people 
have a right to assemble together to consult for their common 



Constitution 51 

good, to instruct their representatives, and to apply to the Legis 
lature for redress of grievances. But secret political societies are 
dangerous to the liberties of a free people, and should not be 
tolerated. 

Sec. 26. Religious liberty. All persons have a natural and inalien- 
able right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of 
their own consciences, and no human authority should, in any case 
whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience. 

Sec. 27. Education. The people have a right to the privilege of 
education, and it is the duty of the State to guard and maintain 
that right. 

Sec. 28. Elections should he frequent. For redress of grievances, 
and for amending and strengthening the laws, elections should be 
often held. 

Sec. 29. Recurrence to fundamental principles. A frequent re- 
currence to fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 30. Hereditary emoluments, etc. No hereditary emoluments, 
privileges, or honors ought to be granted or conferred in this 
State. 

Sec. 31. Perpetuities, etc. Perpetuities and monopolies are con- 
trary to the genius of a free State, and ought not to be allowed. 

Sec. 32. Ex post facto laios. Retrospective laws, punishing acts 
committed before the existence of such laws, and by them only 
declared criminal, are oppressive, unjust and incompatible with 
liberty; wherefore no ex post facto law ought to be made. No 
law taxing retrospectively sales, purchases, or other acts previous- 
ly done, ought to be passed. 

Sec. 33. Slavery prohibited. Slavery and involuntary servitude, 
otherwise than for crime, whereof the parties shall have been 
duly convicted, shall be, and are hereby, forever prohibited within 
the State. 

Sec. 34. State boundaries. The limits and boundaries of the 
State shall be and remain as they now are. 

Sec. 35. Courts shall be open. All courts shall be open; and 
every person for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person, 
or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law, and right 
and justice administered without sale, denial, or delay. 



52 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Mamiaf. 

Sec. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. No soldier shall, in time of 
peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; 
nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 37. Treason acjainst the State. Treason against the State 
shall consist only in levying war against it or adhering to its enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of trea- 
son unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, 
or on confession in open court. No conviction of treason or attainder 
shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture. 

Sec. 38. Other rights of the people. This enumeration of rights 
shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the 
people; and all powers not herein delegated remain with the 
people. 

ARTICLE II 

legislativp: department 

Section 1. Two branches. The legislative authority shall be vested 
in two distinct branches, both dependent on the people, to wit: a 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2. Time of assembly. The Senate and House of Representa- 
tives shall meet biennially on the first Wednesday after the first 
Monday in February next after their election, unless a different day 
shall be provided by law; and when assembled, shall be denomi- 
nated the General Assembly. Neither house shall proceed upon 
public business unless a majority of all the members are actually 
present. 

Sec. 3. Nujnber of Senators. The Senate shall be composed of 
fifty Senators, biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 4. Seyiate Districts; Apportionment of Senators. The Sen- 
ators shall be elected from districts. The General Assembly shall, 
at the first regular Session convening after the return of every 
decennial enumeration taken by order of Congress, revise the 
Senate Districts and the apportionment of Senators among those 
districts, subject to the following requirements: 

(1 } Each Senator shall represent, as nearly as may be, an 
equal number of inhabitants, the number of inhabitants which 
each Senator represents being determined for this purpose by 



Constitution 5 3 

dividing the population of the district he represents by the num- 
ber of Senators apportioned to that district; 

(2) Each Senate District shall at all times consist of contigu- 
ous territory; 

(3) No county shall be divided in the formation of a Senate 
District; 

(4) When established, the Senate Districts and the apportion- 
ment of Senators shall remain unaltered until the return of 
another decennial enumeration taken by order of Congress. 

The duty imposed upon the General Assembly by this Section 
shall continue until performed. 

Sec. 5. Number of Representatives. The House of Representatives 
shall be composed of 120 Representatives, biennially chosen by 
ballot. 

Sec. 6. Representative Districts; Apportionment of Representa- 
tives. The Representatives shall be elected from districts. The 
General Assembly shall, at the first regular Session convening 
after the return of every decennial enumeration taken by order 
of Congress, revise the Representative Districts and the appor- 
tionment of Representatives among those districts, subject to the 
following requirements: 

(1> Each Representative shall represent, as nearly as may be, 
an equal number of inhabitants, the number of inhabitants which 
each Representative represents being determined for this pur- 
pose by dividing the population of the district he represents by 
the number of Represntatives apportioned to that district; 

(2) Each Representative District shall at all times consist of 
contiguous territory; 

(3) No county shall be divided in the formation of a Repre- 
sentative District; 

(4) When established, the Representative Districts and the 
apportionment of Representatives shall remain unaltered until the 
return of another decennial enumeration taken by order of Con- 
gress. 

The duty imposed upon the General Assembly by this Section 
shall continue until performed. 

Sec. 7. Qualifications for Senators. Each member of the Senate 



54 North Cakoi-ina Manual 

shall not be less than twenty-five years of age, shall have resided 
in the State as a citizen two years, and shall have usually resided 
in the district for which he was chosen one year immediately pre- 
ceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Qualifications for Representatives. Each member of the 
House of Representatives shall be a qualified elector of the State, 
and shall have resided in the district for which he is chosen for 
one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 9. Election of officers. In the election of all officers, whose 
appointment shall be conferred upon the General Assembly by the 
Constitution, the vote shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 10. Powers in relation to divorce and alimony. The General 
Assembly shall have power to pass general laws regulating divorce 
and alimony, but shall not have power to grant a divorce or secure 
alimony in any individual case. 

Sec. 11. Private laics in relation to names of persons, etc. The 
General Assembly shall not have power to pass any private law 
to alter the name of any person, or to legitimate any person not 
born in lawful wedlock, or to restore to the rights of citizenship 
any person convicted of an infamous crime, but shall have power 
to pass general laws regulating the same. 

Sec. 12. Thirty days notice shall be given anterior to passage 
of private laics. The General Assembly shall not pass any private 
law, unless it shall be made to appear that thirty days notice of 
application to pass such a law shall have been given, under such 
direction and in such manner as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 13. Vacancies. Every vacancy occurring in the membership 
of the General Assembly by reason of death, resignation, or other 
cause shall be filled in the manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 14. Revenue. No law shall be passed to raise money on the 
credit of the State, or to pledge the faith of the State, directly 
or indirectly, for the payment of any debt, or to impose any tax 
upon the people of the State, or to allow the counties, cities or towns 
to do so, unless the bill for the purpose shall have been read three 
several times in each house of the General Assembly and passed 
three several readings, which readings shall have been on three 
different days, and agreed to by each house respectively, and un- 



Constitution 55 

less the yeas and nays on the second and third readings of the bill 
shall have been entered on the journal. 

Sec. 15. Entails. The General Assembly shall regulate entails in 
such a manner as to prevent perpetuities. 

Sec. 16. Journals. Each house shall keep a journal of its pro- 
ceedings, which shall be printed and made public immediately after 
the adjournment of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Protest. Any member of either house may dissent from, 
and protest against, any act or resolve which he may think injurious 
to the public, or any individual, and have the reasons for his dissent 
entered on the journal. 

Sec. 18. Officers of the House. The House of Representatives 
shall choose their own Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 19. President of the Senate. The Lieutenant-Governor shall 
preside in the Senate, but shall have no vote unless it may be 
equally divided. 

Sec. 20. Other senatorial officers. The Senate shall elect from 
its membership a President Pro Tempore, who shall become Presi- 
dent of the Senate upon the failure of the Lieutenant-Governor-elect 
to qualify, or upon succession by the Lieutenant-Governor to the 
office of Governor, or upon the death, resignation, or removal from 
office of the President of the Senate, and who shall serve until the 
expiration of his term of office as Senator. 

During the physical or mental incapacity of the President of the 
Senate to perform the duties of his office, or during the absence of 
the President of the Senate, the President Pro Tempore shall pre- 
side over the Senate. The Senate shall elect its other officers. 

Sec. 21. Style of the acts. The style of the acts shall be: "The 
General Assembly of North Carolina do enact." 

Sec. 22. Powers of the General Assembly. Bach house shall be 
judge of the qualifications and election of its own members, shall 
sit upon its own adjournment from day to day. prepare bills to be 
passed into laws; and the two houses may also jointly adjourn 
to any future day, or other place. 

Sec. 23. Bills and resolutions to be read three times, etc. All 
bills and resolutions of a legislative nature shall be read three 



56 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Manuai, 

times in each house before they pass into laws, and shall be signed 
by the presiding officers of both houses. 

Sec. 24. Oath of members. Each member of the General Assem- 
bly, before taking his seat, shall take an oath or affirmation that 
he will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, 
and the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, and will 
faithfully discharge his duty as a member of the Senate or House 
of Representatives. 

Sec. 25. Terms of office. The terms of office for Senators and 
members of the House of Representatives shall commence at the 
time of their election. 

Sec. 26. Yeas and nays. Upon motion made and seconded in 
either house by one-fifth of the members present, the yeas and 
nays upon any question shall be taken and entered upon the 
journals. 

Sec. 27. Election for ni embers of the General Assembly. The 
election for members of the General Assembly shall be held for 
the respective districts at the places where they are now held, or 
may be directed hereafter to be held, in such manner as may be 
prescribed by law, on the first Thursday in August, in the year one 
thousand eight hundred and seventy and every two years there- 
after. But the General Assembly may change the time of holding 
the elections. 

Sec. 28. Compensation of Members and Officers of the General 
Assembly. The members and officers of the General Assembly shall 
receive for their services a compensation to be established by 
the General Assembly. An increase in the compensation of mem- 
bers shall become effective at the beginning of the next regular 
Session of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon poiver of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. The General Assembly shall not pass 
any local, private or special act or resolution relating to health, sani- 
tation, and the abatement of nuisances, changing the names of 
cities, towns, and townships; authorizing the laying out. opening, 
altering, maintaining, or discontinuing of highways, streets, or 
alleys; relating to ferries or bridges; relating to non-navigable 
streams; relating to cemeteries; relating to the pay of jurors; 
erecting new townships, or changing township lines, or establish- 



Constitution 57 

ing or changing the lines of school districts; remitting fines, penal- 
ties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into the 
public treasury; regulating labor, trade, mining, or manufacturing; 
extending the time for the assessment or collection of taxes or 
otherwise relieving any collector of taxes from the due performance 
of his official duties or his sureties from liability; giving effect to 
informal wills and deeds; nor shall the General Assembly enact 
any such local, private or special act by the partial repeal of a 
general law, but the General Assembly may at any time repeal 
local, private or special laws enacted by it. Any local, private or 
special act or resolution passed in violation of the provisions of 
this section shall be void. The General Assembly shall have power 
to pass general laws regulating matters set out in this section. 

Sec. 30. Inviolability of sinking funds. The General Assembly 
shall not use nor authorize to be used any part of the amount of 
any sinking fund for any purpose other than the retirement of the 
bonds for which said sinking fund has been created. 

Sec. 31. Use of funds of Teachers' and State Employees' Retire- 
ment System restricted. The General Assembly shall not use or 
authorize to be used, nor shall any agency of the State, public 
officer or public employee use or authorize to be used the funds, 
or any part of the funds, of the Teachers' and State Employees' 
Retirement System except for retirement system purposes. The 
funds for the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System 
shall not be applied, diverted, loaned to or used by the State, any 
State agency. State officer, public oificer or employee except for 
purposes of the Retirement System: Provided, that nothing in this 
Section shall prohibit the use of said funds for the payment of 
benefits as authorized by the Teachers' and State Employees' Re- 
tirement Law, nor shall anything in this provision prohibit the 
proper investment of said funds as may be authorized by law. 

ARTICLE III 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Officers of the Executive Department ; terms of office. 
The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, in whom 
shall be vested the supreme executive power of the State; a Lieu- 
tenant-Governor, a Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Treasurer, a 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, an Attorney General, a Com- 



58 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Mamai, 

missioner of Asriculture, a Commissioner of Labor, and a Com- 
missioner of Insurance, who shall be elected for a term of four 
years by the qualified electors of the State, at the same time and 
places and in the same manner as members of the General Assembly 
are elected. Their term of office shall commence on the first day 
of January next after their election, and continue until their 
successors are elected and qualified: Provided, that the officers 
first elected shall assume the duties of their office ten days after 
the approval of this Constitution by the Congress of the United 
States, and shall hold their offices four years from and after the 
first day of January. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor. No 
person shall be eligible for election to the office of Governor or 
Lieutenant-Governor, unless he shall have attained the age of 30 
years, shall have been a citizen of the United States five years, and 
shall have been a resident of this State for two years next before 
the election; nor shall a person elected to either of these two offices 
be eligible for election for the next succeeding term of the same 
office. 

Sec. 3. Returns of elections. The return of every election for 
officers of the Executive Department shall be sealed up and trans- 
mitted to the seat of government by the returning officer, directed 
to the Secretary of State. The return shall be canvassed and the 
result declared in such manner as may be prescribed by law. Con- 
tested elections shall be determined by a joint ballot of both 
houses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec. 4. Oath of office for Governor. The Governor, before enter- 
ing upon the duties of his office, shall, in the presence of the mem- 
bers of both branches of the General Assembly, or before any 
Justice of the Supreme Court, take an oath or affirmation that he 
will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, and 
of the State of North Carolina, and that he will faithfully per- 
form the duties appertaining to the office of Governor, to which 
he has been elected. 

Sec. 5. Duties of Governor. The Governor shall reside at the 
seat of government of this State, and he shall, from time to time, 
give the General Assembly information of the affairs of the State, 



Constitution 59 

and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall 
deem expedient. 

Sec. 6. Reprieves, commutations and pardons. The Governor 
shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, 
after conviction, for all offenses (except in cases of impeachment), 
upon such conditions as he may think proper, subject to such 
regulations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of 
applying for pardons. He shall biennially communicate to the Gen- 
eral Assembly each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon 
granted, stating the name of each convict, the crime for which 
he was convicted, the sentence and its date, the date of commu- 
tation, pardon, or reprieve, and the reasons therefor. The terms 
reprieves, commutations and pardons shall not include paroles. 
The General Assembly is authorized and empowered to create a 
Board of Paroles, provide for the appointment of the members 
thereof, and enact suitable laws defining the duties and authority 
of such board to grant, revoke and terminate paroles. The Gov- 
ernor's power of paroles shall continue until July 1, 1955, at which 
time said power shall cease and shall be vested in such Board 
of Paroles as may be created by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 7. Reports from officers of the Executive Departm^ent 
and of public institutions. The officers of the Executive Department 
and of the public institutions of the State shall, at least five days 
previous to each regular session of the General Assembly, severally 
report to the Governor, who shall transmit such reports, with his 
message, to the General Assembly; and the Governor may, at any 
time, require information in writing from the officers in the 
Executive Department upon any subject relating to the duties of 
their respective offices, and shall take care that the laws be faith- 
fully executed. 

Sec. 8. Commander-in-Chief. The Governor shall be Comman- 
der-in-Chief of the militia of the State, except when they shall be 
called into the service of the United States. 

Sec. 9. Extra sessions of the General Assemhly. The Governor 
shall have power on extraordinary occasions, by and with the 
advice of the Council of State, to convene the General Assembly 
in Extra Session by his proclamation, stating therein the purpose 
or purposes for which they are thus convened. 



60 NoKiii Cakoi.ixa Mamai. 

Sec. 10. Officers ivhose appointvients are not nthernnse provided 
for. The Governor shall noiiiiiiato, and by and with the advice and 
consent of a majority of the Senators-elect, appoint all officers 
whose offices are established by this Constitution and whose appoint- 
ments are not otherwise provided for. 

Sec. 11. Duties of the Lieutenant-Governor. The Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote unless 
the Senate be equally divided. He shall receive such compensa- 
tion as shall be fi.xed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 12. Succession to office of Governor. The Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor-elect shall become Governor upon the failure of the Governor- 
elect to qualify. The Lieutenant-Governor shall become Governor 
upon the death, resignation, or removal from office of the Governor. 
The further order of succession to the office of Governor shall be 
prescribed by law. A successor shall serve for the remainder of the 
term of the Governor whom he succeeds and until a new Governor 
is elected and qualified. 

During the absence of the Governor from the State, or during 
the physical or mental incapacity of the Governor to perform the 
duties of his office, the Lieutenant-Governor shall be Acting Gov- 
ernor. The further order of succession as Acting Governor shall 
be prescribed by law. 

The Governor may. by a written statement tiled with the Secre- 
tary of State, declare that he is physically incapable of performing 
the duties of his office, and may thereafter in the same manner 
declare that he is physically capable of performing the duties of 
his office. 

The mental incapacity of the Governor to perform the duties of 
his office shall be determined only by joint resolution adopted by 
a vote of two-thirds of all the members of each house of the General 
Assembly. Thereafter, the mental capacity of the Governor to per- 
form the duties of his office shall be determined only by joint 
resolution adopted by a vote of a majority of all the members of 
each house of the General Assembly. In all cases, the General 
Assembly shall give the Governor such notice as it may deem proper 
and shall allow him an opportunity to be heard before a Joint Ses- 
sion of the General Assembly before it takes final action. When 
the General Assembly is not in Session, the Council of State, a 
majority of its members concurring, may convene it in Extra Ses- 
sion for the purpose of proceeding under this paragraph. 



Constitution 61 

Removal of the Governor from office for any other cause shall be 
by impeachment. 

Sec. 13. Duties of other executive officers. The respective duties 
of the Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, Attorney General, Commissioner of Agriculture, 
Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insurance shall be 
prescribed by law. If the office of any of these officers shall be 
vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty of 
the Governor to appoint another to serve until his successor be 
elected and qualified. Every such vacancy shall be filled by election 
at the first election for members of the General Assembly that 
occurs more than 30 days after the vacancy has taken place, and 
the person chosen shall hold the office for the remainder of the 
unexpired term fixed in the first Section of this Article: Provided, 
that when a vacancy occurs in the office of any of the officers 
named in this Section and the term expires on the first day of 
January succeeding the next election for members of the General 
Assembly, the Governor shall appoint to fill the vacancy for the 
unexpired term of the office. 

Upon the occurrence of a vacancy in the office of any one of 
these officers for any of the causes stated in the preceding para- 
graph, the Governor may appoint an acting officer to perform the 
duties of that office until a person is appointed or elected pursuant 
to this Section to fill the vacancy and is qualified. 

During the physical or mental incapacity of any one of these 
officers to perform the duties of his office, as determined pursuant 
to the provisions of this Section, the duties of his office shall be 
performed by an acting officer who shall be appointed by the 
Governor. 

The General Assembly shall by law prescribe with respect to those 
officers, other than the Governor, whose offices are created by this 
Article, procedures for determining the physical or mental incap- 
acity of any officer to perform the duties of his office, and for de- 
termining whether an officer who has been temporarily incapacitated 
has sufficiently recovered his physical or mental capacity to perform 
the duties of his office. Removal of those officers from office for any 
other cause shall be by impeachment. 

Sec. 14. Council of State. The Secretary of State, Auditor, Treas- 
urer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner of Agri- 
culture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insurance 



62 NoKTU Caromna Manual 

shall constitute, ex officio, the Council of State, who shall advise 
the Governor in the execution of his office, and three of whom shall 
constitute a quorum; their advice and proceedings in this capacity 
shall be entered in a journal, to be kept for this purpose, exclusively, 
and signed by the members present, from any part of which any 
member may enter his dissent; and such journal shall be placed 
before the General Assembly when called for by either house. The 
Attorney General shall be, ex officio, the legal adviser of the Execu- 
tive Department. 

Sec. 15. Com pet} sat ion of erevutive officers. The officers men- 
tioned in this Article shall, at stated periods, receive for their 
services a compensation to be established by the General Assembly, 
which shall not be diminished during the time for which they shall 
have been elected. 

Sec. 16. Seal of State. There shall be a seal of the State, which 
shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him, as occasion may 
require, and shall be called "The Great Seal of the State of North 
Carolina". All grants and commissions shall be issued in the name 
and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 
"The Great Seal of the State", signed by the Governor, and counter- 
signed by the Secretary of State. 

Sec. 17. Department of Agriculture, Immigration and Statistics. 
The General Assembly shall establish a Department of Agriculture, 
Immigration, and Statistics, under such regulations as may best 
promote the agricultural interests of the State, and shall enact laws 
for the adequate protection and encouragement of sheep husbandry. 

Sec. 18. Department of Justice. The General Assembly is author- 
ized and empowered to create a Department of Justice under the 
supervision and direction of the Attorney General, and to enact 
suitable laws defining the authority of the Attorney General and 
other officers and agencies concerning the prosecution of crime and 
the administration of the criminal laws of the State. 

ARTICLE IV 

judicial df.part.mknt 

Section 1. Division of judicial power. The judicial power of the 

State shall, except as provided in Section 3 of this Article, be vested 

in a Court for the Trial of Impeachments and in a General Court 

of Justice. The General Assembly shall have no power to deprive 



Constitution 63 

the judicial department of any power or jurisdiction which right- 
fully pertains to it as a co-ordinate department of the government, 
nor shall it establish or authorize any courts other than as per- 
mitted by this Article. 

Sec. 2. General Court of Justice. The General Court of Justice 
shall constitute a unified judicial system for purposes of jurisdiction, 
operation, and administration; and shall consist of an appellate 
division, a Superior Court division, and a District Court division. 

Sec. 3. Judicial powers of administrative agencies. The General 
Assembly may vest in administrative agencies established pursuant 
to law such judicial powers as may be reasonably necessary as an 
incident to the accomplishment of the purposes for which the 
agencies were created. Appeals from administrative agencies shall 
be to the General Court of Justice. 

Sec. 4. Court for the Trial of Impeachments. The House of Rep- 
resentatives solely shall have the power of impeaching. The Court 
for the Trial of Impeachments shall be the Senate. When the 
Governor or Lieutenant-Governor is impeached, the Chief Justice 
shall preside over the Court. A majority of the members shall be 
necessary to a quorum, and no person shall be convicted without the 
concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators present. Judgment upon 
conviction shall not extend beyond removal from and disqualifica- 
tion to hold office in this State, but the party shall be liable to 
indictment and punishment according to law. 

Sec. 5. Appellate Division. The Appellate Division of the Gen- 
eral Court of Justice shall consist of the Supreme Court and, when 
established by the General Assembly, an intermediate Court of 
Appeals. 

Sec. 6. Supreme Court. 

(1) Membership. The Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief 
Justice and six Associate Justices, but the General Assembly may 
increase the number of Associate Justices to not more than eight. 
In the event the Chief Justice is unable, on account of absence or 
temporary incapacity, to perform any of the duties placed upon 
him, the senior Associate Justice available is authorized to discharge 
such duties. The General Assembly may provide for the retirement 
of members of the Supreme Court and for the recall of such retired 
members to serve on that Court in lieu of any active member thereof 
who is, for any cause, temporarily incapacitated. 



64 Noinii Cahoi.ina Mam .\r. 

(2) Sessions of the Supreme Court. The sessions of the Supreme 
Court shall be held in the City of Raleigh unless otherwise provided 
by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 6A. Court of AppeaU. The structure, organization, and 
composition of the Court of Appeals, if established, shall be 
determined by the General Assembly. The Court shall have not 
less than five members, and may be authorized to sit in divisions, 
or other than en banc. Sessions of the Court shall be held at such 
times and places as the General Assembly may prescribe. The 
General Assembly may provide for the retirement of members of 
the Court of Appeals and for the recall of such retired members 
to serve on that Court in lieu of any active member thereof who is, 
for any cause, temporarily incapacitated. 

Sec. 7. Superior Courts. 

(1) Superior Court districts. The General Assembly shall, from 
time to time, divide the State into a convenient number of Superior 
Court judicial districts and shall provide for the election of one or 
more Superior Court Judges for each district. Each regular Supe- 
rior Court Judge shall reside in the district for which he is elected. 
The General Assembly may provide by general law for the selection 
or appointment of special or emergency Superior Court Judges not 
selected for a particular judicial district. 

(2) Open at all times; sessions for trial of cases. The Superior 
Courts shall be open at all times for the transaction of all business 
except the trial of issues of fact requiring a jury. Regular trial 
sessions of the Superior Court shall be held at times fixed pursuant 
to a calendar of courts promulgated by the Supreme Court. At least 
two sessions for the trial of jury cases shall be held annually in 
each county. 

(3) Clerks. A Clerk of the Superior Court for each county shall 
be elected for a term of four years by the qualified voters thereof, 
at the time and in the manner prescribed by law for the election of 
members of the General Assembly. If the office of Clerk of the 
Superior Court becomes vacant otherwise than by the expiration 
of the term, or if the people fail to elect, the senior regular resident 
Judge of the Superior Court serving the county shall appoint to 
fill the vacancy until an election can be regularly held. 

Sec. 8. District Courts. The General Assembly shall, from time 



Constitution 65 

to time, divide the State into a convenient number of local court 
districts and shall prescribe where the District Courts shall sit; 
but a District Court must sit in at least one place in each county. 
District Judges shall be elected for each district for a term of four 
years, in a manner provided by law. When more than one District 
Judge is authorized and elected for a district, the Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court shall designate one of the judges as Chief Dis- 
trict Judge. Every District Judge shall reside in the district for 
which he is elected. For each county, the senior regular resident 
Judge of the Superior Court serving the county shall appoint for a 
term of two years, from nominations submitted by the Clerk of 
the Superior Court of the county, one or more Magistrates who 
shall be officers of the District Court. The number of District 
Judges and Magistrates shall, from time to time, be determined by 
the General Assembly. Vacancies in the office of District Judge 
shall be filled, for the unexpired term, in a manner provided by law. 
Vacancies in the office of Magistrate shall be filled, for the unex- 
pired term, in the manner provided for original appointment to the 
office. 

Sec. 9. Assignment of Judges. The Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court, acting in accordance with rules of the Supreme Court, shall 
make assignments of Judges of the Superior Court and may 
transfer District Judges from one district to another for temporary 
or specialized duty. The principle of rotating Superior Court Judges 
among the various districts of a division is a salutary one and shall 
be observed. For this purpose the General Assembly may divide 
the State into a number of judicial divisions. Subject to the general 
supervision of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, assignment 
of District Judges within each local court district shall be made 
by the Chief District Judge. , 

Sec. 10. Jurisdiction of the General Court of Justice. 

(1) Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction 
to review upon appeal any decision of the courts below, upon any 
matter of law or legal inference. The jurisdiction of the Supreme 
Court over "issues of fact" and "questions of fact" shall be the same 
exercised by it prior to the adoption of this Article, and the Court 
shall have the power to issue any remedial writs necessary to give 
it a general supervision and control over the proceedings of the 
other courts. The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction 



66 NoKiii Cakolina Mam ai. 

to hear claims against the State, but its decisions shall be merely 
recommendatory; no process in the nature of execution shall issue 
thereon; the decisions shall be reported to the next Session of the 
General Assembly for its action. 

(2) Court of Appeals. The Court of Appeals, if established, 
shall have such appellate jurisdiction as the General Assembly 
may provide. 

(3) Superior Court. Except as otherwise provided by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, the Superior Court shall have original general 
jurisdiction throughout the State. The Clerks of the Superior 
Court shall have such jurisdiction and powers as the General 
Assembly shall provide by general law uniformly applicable in 
every county of the State. 

(4) District Courts; Magistrates. The General Assembly shall, 
by general law uniformly applicable in every local court district of 
the State, prescribe the jurisdiction and powers of the District 
Courts and Magistrates. 

(5) Waiver. The General Assembly may by general law provide 
that the jurisdictional limits may be waived in civil cases. 

(6) Appeals. The General Assembly shall, by general law, pro- 
vide a proper system of appeals: Provided, that appeals from Magis- 
trates shall be heard de novo, with the right of trial by jury as 
defined in this Constitution and the laws of this State. 

Sec. 11. Forms of action; rules of procedure. 

(1) Forms of action. There shall be in this State but one form 
of action for the enforcement or protection of private rights or the 
redress of private wrongs, which shall be denominated a civil 
action, and in which there shall be a right to have issues of fact 
tried before a jury. Every action prosecuted by the people of the 
State as a party against a person charged with a public offense, for 
the punishment of the same, shall be termed a criminal action. 

(2) Rules of procedure. The Supreme Court shall have exclusive 
authority to make rules of procedure and practice for the appellate 
division. The General Assembly shall have authority to make rules 
of procedure and practice for the Superior Court and District Court 
divisions, and the General Assembly may delegate this authority to 
the Supreme Court. No rule of procedure or practice shall abridge 
substantive rights or abrogate or limit the right of trial by jury. 
If the General Assembly should delegate to the Supreme Court the 



Constitution 67 

rule-making power, the General Assembly may, nevertheless, alter, 
amend, or repeal any rule of procedure or practice adopted by the 
Supreme Court for the Superior Court or District Court divisions. 

Sec. 12. Waiver of jury trial. In all issues of fact joined in any 
court, the parties in any civil case may waive the right to have the 
same determined by a jury; in which case the finding of the judge 
upon the facts shall have the force and effect of a verdict by a jury. 

Sec. 13. Administration. The General Assembly shall provide 
for an administrative office of the courts to carry out the provisions 
of this Article. 

Sec. 14. Terms of office and election of Justices of the Supreme 
Court, Judges of the Court of Appeals, and Judges of the Superior 
Court. Justices of the Supreme Court, Judges of the Court of 
Appeals, and regular judges of the Superior Court shall be elected 
by the qualified voters and shall hold office for terms of eight 
years and until their successors are elected and qualified. Justices 
of the Supreme Court and judges of the Court of Appeals shall be 
elected by the qualified voters of the State. Regular Judges of the 
Superior Court may be elected by the qualified voters of the State 
or by the voters of their respective districts, as the General As- 
sembly may provide. 

Sec. 15. Removal of judges and clerks. 

(1) Justices of the Supreme Court, Judges of the Court of 
Appeals, and Judges of Superior Court. Any Justice of the Su- 
preme Court, Judge of the Court of Appeals, or Judge of the 
Superior Court may be removed from office for mental or physical 
incapacity by Joint Resolution of two-thirds of both houses of 
the General Assembly. Any Justice or Judge against whom the 
General Assembly may be about to proceed shall receive notice 
thereof, accompanied by a copy of the causes alleged for his re- 
moval, at least twenty days before the day on which either house 
of the General Assembly shall act thereon. Removal from office 
for any other cause shall be by impeachment. 

(2) District Judges and Magistrates. The General Assembly shall 
provide by general law for the removal of District Judges and 
Magistrates for misconduct or mental or physical incapacity. 

(3) Clerks. Any Clerk of the Superior Court may be removed 



68 NoKi'ii Carolina Manual 

from office for niisconduct or mental or physical incapacity by the 
senior regular resident Superior Court Judge serving the county. 
Any Clerk against whom proceedings are instituted shall receive 
w^ritten notice of the charges against him at least ten days before 
the hearing upon the charges. Clerks of District Courts shall be 
removed for such causes and in such manner as the General Assem- 
bly may provide by general lav^f. Any Clerk so removed from office 
shall be entitled to an appeal as provided by law. 

Sec. 16. Solicitors and solicitorial districts. 

(1) Solicitors. The General Assembly shall, from time to time, 
divide the State into a convenient number of solicitorial districts, 
for each of which a Solicitor shall be chosen for a term of four 
years by the qualified voters thereof, as is prescribed for members 
of the General Assembly. When the Attorney General determines 
that there is serious imbalance in the work loads of the Solicitors or 
that there is other good cause, he shall recommend redistricting to 
the General Assembly. The Solicitor shall advise the officers of 
justice in his district, be responsible for the prosecution on behalf 
of the State of all criminal actions in the Superior Courts of his 
district, perform such duties related to appeals therefrom as the 
Attorney General may require, and perform such other duties as the 
General Assembly may prescribe. 

(2) Prosecution in District Court division. Criminal actions in 
the District Court division shall be prosecuted in such manner as the 
General Assembly may prescribe by general law uniformly applicable 
in every local court district of the State. 

Sec. 17. Vacancies. Unless otherwise provided in this Article, 
all vacancies occurring in the offices provided for by this Article 
shall be filled by appointment of the Governor, and the appointees 
shall hold their places until the next election for members of the 
General Assembly that is held more than thirty days after such 
vacancy occurs, when elections shall be held to fill such offices: 
Provided, that when the unexpired term of any of the offices named 
in this Article of the Constitution in which such vacancy has occur- 
red, and in which it is herein provided that the Governor shall fill 
the vacancy, expires on the first day of January succeeding the next 
election for members of the General Assembly, the Governor shall 
appoint to fill that vacancy for the unexpired term of the office. 
If any person elected or appointed to any of said offices shall neglect 



Constitution 69 

and fail to qualify, such office shall be appointed to, held, and filled 
as provided in case of vacancies occurring therein. All incumbents 
of said offices shall hold until their successors are qualified. 

Sec. 18. Revenues and expenses of the judicial department. The 
General Assembly shall provide for the establishment of a schedule 
of court fees and costs which shall be uniform throughout the State 
within each division of the General Court of Justice. The operating 
expenses of the judicial department, other than compensation to 
process servers and other locally paid non-judicial officers, shall be 
paid from State funds. 

Sec. 19. Fees, salaries, and emoluments. The General Assembly 
shall prescribe and regulate the fees, salaries, and emoluments of 
all officers provided for in this Article; but the salaries of judges 
shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. In no 
case shall the compensation of any Judge or Magistrate be depend- 
ent upon his decision or upon the collection of costs. 

Sec. 20. Effect of uniform general law requirement. Where the 
General Assembly is required by the provisions of this Article to 
enact only general laws uniformly applicable throughout the State 
or in every county or local court district thereof, no special, public- 
local, or private law shall be enacted relating to the iibject-matter 
of those provisions, and every amendment or repea. of any law 
relating to such subject-matter shall also be general and uniform 
in its application and effect throughout the State. 

Sec. 21. Schedule. Immediately upon the certification by the 
Governor to the Secretary of State of the amendments constituting 
this Article, the Supreme Court and the Superior Courts shall be 
incorporated within the General Court of Justice, as provided in 
this Article. All Justices of the Supreme Court and Judges of the 
Superior Court shall continue to serve as such within the General 
Court of Justice for the remainder of their respective terms. 

The statutes and rules governing procedure and practice in the 
Superior Courts and inferior courts, in force at the time the amend- 
ments constituting this Article are ratified by the people, shall 
continue in force until superseded or repealed by rules of procedure 
and practice adopted pursuant to Section 11(2) of this Article. 

Upon certification of the Governor to the Secretary of State of the 
amendments constituting this Article, the General Assembly shall 



70 Noinii Cauoi.ina Ma.mai. 

proceed as rapidly as practicable, to provide for the creation of local 
court districts and the establishment of District Courts therein; 
District Courts shall be established to serve every county of the 
State by not later than January 1, 1971. As of January 1, 1971, all 
previously existing courts inferior to the Superior Court shall cease 
to exist, and cases pending in these courts shall be transferred as 
provided in the next succeeding paragraph of this Section. Until 
a District Court has been thus established to serve a county, all of 
the courts of that county, including the Superior Court, shall con- 
tinue to be financed and the revenues of these courts shall continue 
to be paid as they were immediately prior to the certification of the 
amendments constituting this Article; and the laws and rules gov- 
erning these courts and appeals from the inferior courts to the 
Superior Court shall continue in force and shall be deemed to comply 
with the provisions of this Article. 

As soon as a District Court shall have been established for a 
county, all of the provisions of this Article shall become fully 
effective with respect to the courts in that county, and all previously 
existing courts inferior to the Superior Court shall cease to exist. 
All cases pending in these Inferior courts shall be transferred to the 
appropriate division of the General Court of Justice, and all records 
of these courts shall be transferred to the appropriate Clerk's office 
pursuant to rule of the Supreme Court. Judges of these inferior 
courts, except Mayor's Courts and Justice of the Peace Courts, shall 
become District Judges and shall serve as such for remainders of 
their respective terms. 

As soon as a District Court has been established to serve every 
county of the State, all of the provisions of this Article shall become 
fully effective throughout the State. 

ARTICLE V 

REVENUE AND TAXATION 

Section 1. Capitation tax; exemptions. The General Assembly 
may levy a capitation tax on every male inhabitant of the State 
over twenty-one and under fifty years of age, which said tax shall 
not exceed two dollars ($2.00), and cities and towns may levy a 
capitation tax which shall not exceed one dollar ($1.00). No other 
capitation tax shall be levied. The commissioners of the several 
counties and of the cities and towns may exempt from the capi- 
tation tax any special cases on account of poverty or infirmity. 



Constitution 71 

Sec. 2. Application of proceeds of State and county capitation 
tax. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall be 
applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor, 
but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent (25%) 
thereof be appropriated for the latter purpose. 

Sec. 3. State taxation. The power of taxation shall be exercised 
in a just and equitable manner, for public purposes only, and shall 
never be surrendered, suspended, or contracted away. Only the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall have the power to classify property and other 
subjects for taxation, which power shall be exercised only on a State- 
wide basis. No class or subject shall be taxed except by a uniform 
rule, and every classification shall be uniformly applicable in every 
county, municipality, and other local taxing unit of the State. The 
General Assembly's power to classify shall not be delegated, except 
that the General Assembly may permit the governing boards of 
counties, cities, and towns to classify trades and professions for 
local license tax purposes. The General Assembly may also tax 
trades, professions, franchises, and income: Provided, the rate of 
tax on income shall not in any case exceed ten per cent (10%), and 
there shall be allowed the following exemptions, to be deducted 
from the amount of annual incomes, to-wit: for a married man with 
a wife living with him, or to a widow or widower having minor 
child or children, natural or adopted, not less than two thousand 
dollars ($2,000.00); to all other persons not less than one thou- 
sand dollars ($1,000.00), and there may be allowed other deduc- 
tions (not including living expenses) so that only net incomes 
are taxed. 

Sec. 4. Limitations upon the increase of public debts. The 
General Assembly shall have the power to contract debts and to 
pledge the faith and credit of the State and to authorize counties 
and municipalities to contract debts and pledge their faith and 
credit for the following purposes: To fund or refund a valid 
existing debt; to borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes 
due and payable within the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding 
fifty per centum of such taxes; to supply a casual deficit; to sup- 
press riots or insurrections, or to repel invasions. For any pur- 
pose other than these enumerated, the General Assembly shall 
have no power, during any biennlum, to contract new debts on 
behalf of the State to an amount in excess of two-thirds of the 



72 North Carolina Manual 

amount by which the State's outstanding indebtedness shall have 
been reduced during the next preceding biennium, unless the sub- 
ject be submitted to a vote of the people of the State; and for any 
purpose other than these enumerated the General Assembly shall 
have no power to authorize counties or municipalities to contract 
debts, and counties and municipalities shall not contract debts, 
during any fiscal year, to an amount exceeding two-thirds of the 
amount by which the outstanding indebtedness of the particular 
county or municipality shall have been reduced during the next 
preceding fiscal year, unless the subject be submitted to a vote 
of the people of the particular county or municipality. In any 
election held in the State or in any county or municipality under 
the provisions of this Section, the proposed indebtedness must 
be approved by a majority of those who shall vote thereon. And 
the General Assembly shall have no power to give or lend the credit 
of the State in aid of any person, association, or corporation except 
to aid in the completion of such railroads as may be unfinished at 
the time of the adoption of this Constitution, or in which the State 
has a direct pecuniary interest, unless the subject be submitted 
to a direct vote of the people of the State, and be approved by a 
majority of those who shall vote thereon. 

Sec. 5. Property exempt frovi taxation. Property belonging to the 
State, counties and municipal corporations shall be exempt from 
taxation. The General Assembly may exempt cemeteries and 
property held for educational, scientific, literary, cultural, charitable, 
or religious purposes, and, to a value not exceeding three hundred 
dollars ($300.00), any personal property. The General Assembly 
may exempt from taxation not exceeeding one thousand dollars 
($1,000.00) in value of property held and used as the place of resi- 
dence of the owner. Every exemption shall be on a State-wide 
basis and shall be uniformly applicable in every county, municipality, 
and other local taxing unit of the State. No taxing authority other 
than the General Assembly may grant exemptions, and the General 
Assembly shall not delegate the powers accorded to it by this 
Section. 

Sec. 6. Taxes levied for counties. The total of the State and 
county tax on property shall not exceed twenty cents (20<f) on 
the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property, except when 
the county property tax is levied for a special purpose and with 



Constitution 7^ 

the special approval of the General Assembly, which may be done 
by special or general act: Provided, this limitation shall not apply 
to taxes levied for the maintenance of the public schools of the 
State for the term required by Article IX, Section 3, of the Con- 
stitution: Provided, further, the State tax shall not exceed five 
cents (54) on the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property. 

Sec. 7. Acts levying taxes shall state objects, etc. Every act of 
the General Assembly levying a tax shall state the special object 
to which it is to be applied, and it shall be applied to no other 
purpose. 

ARTICLE VI 

SUFFRAGE AND ELIGIBILITY TO OFFICE 

Section. 1. Who may vote. Every person born in the United 
States, and every person who has been naturalized, twenty-one 
years of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in this Article, 
shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of the State, 
except as herein otherwise provided. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of voter. Any person who shall have re- 
sided in the State of North Carolina for one year, and in the 
precinct, ward or other election district in which such person offers 
to vote for thirty days next preceding an election, and possessing 
the other qualifications set out in this Article, shall be entitled to 
vote at any election held in this State; prcvided, that removal from 
one precinct, ward or other election district to another in this 
State shall not operate to deprive any person of the right to vote 
in the precinct, ward or other election district from which such 
person has removed until thirty days after such removal. No 
person who has been convicted, or who has confessed his guilt in 
open court upon indictment, of any crime the punishment of which 
now is, or may hereafter be, imprisonment in the State's Prison, 
shall be permitted to vote unless the said person shall be first 
restored to citizenship in the manner prescribed by law. 

The General Assembly may, however, reduce the time of residence, 
preceding a Presidential Election, for a person possessing all other 
qualifications of a voter, in which such person shall be entitled to 
vote for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of 
the United States only. Any person eligible to vote for electors for 
President and Vice President of the United States by reason of a 



7 4 North Carolina Manual 

reduction in time of residence shall not thereby become eligible to 
hold office in this State. 

Sec. 3. Voters to be registered. Every person offering to vote 
shall be at the time a legally registered voter as herein prescribed, 
and in the manner hereafter provided by law, and the General 
Assembly of North Carolina shall enact general registration laws 
to carry into effect the provisions of this Article. 

Sec. 4. Qualification for registration. Every person presenting 
himself for registration shall be able to read and write any section 
of the Constitution in the English language. But no male person 
who was, on January 1, 1867, or at any time prior thereto, entitled 
to vote under the laws of any State in the United States wherein 
he then resided, and no lineal descendant of any such person, shall 
be denied the right to register and vote at any election in this 
State by reason of his failure to possess the educational qualifica- 
tions herein prescribed: Provided, he shall have registered in ac- 
cordance with the terms of this Section prior to December 1, 1908. 
The General Assembly shall provide for the registration of all 
persons entitled to vote without the educational qualifications 
herein prescribed, and shall, on or before November 1, 1908, pro- 
vide for the making of a permanent record of such registration, 
and all persons so registered shall forever thereafter have the 
right to vote in all elections by the people in this State, unless 
disqualified under Section 2 of this Article. 

Sec. 5. Indivisible plan; legislative intent. That this amendment 
to the Constitution is presented and adopted as one indivisible 
plan for the regulation of the suffrage, with the intent and pur- 
pose to so connect the different parts, and make them so depend- 
ent upon each other, that the whole shall stand or fall together. 

Sec. 6. Eleetiotis by people and General Assembly. All elections 
by the people shall be by ballot, and all elections by the General 
Assembly shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 7. Eligibility to office; official oath. Every voter in North 
Carolina except as in this Article disqualified, shall be eligible to 
office, but before entering upon the duties of the office, he shall 
take and subscribe the following oath: 

"I, , do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I 

will support and maintain the Constitution and laws of the United 



Constitution 75 

States, and the Constitution and laws of North Carolina not in- 
consistent therewith, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties 
of my olTice as So help me, God." 

Sec. 8. Disqualification for office. The following classes of per- 
sons shall be disqualified for office: First, all persons who shall 
deny the being of Almighty God. Second, all persons who shall 
have been convicted or confessed their guilt on indictment pend- 
ing, and whether sentenced or not, or under judgment suspended, 
of any treason or felony, or of any other crime for which the 
punishment may be imprisonment in the penitentiary, since be- 
coming citizens of the United States, or of corruption or mal- 
practice in office, unless such person shall be restored to the rights 
of citizenship in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. When this chapter operative. That this amendment to 
the Constitution shall go into effect on the first day of July, nine- 
teen hundred and two, if a majority of votes cast at the next general 
election shall be cast in favor of this suffrage amendment. 

ARTICLE VII 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS 

Section 1. County officers. In each county there shall be elected 
biennially by the qualified voters thereof, as provided for the elec- 
tion of members of the General Assembly, the following officers: 
A treasurer, register of deeds, surveyor, and five commissioners. 
(Under authority of the Public Laws of 1935, c. 362, s. 1, pro- 
vision was made for the quadrennial election of registers of deeds, 
certain counties being exempted.) 

Sec. 2. Duty of county commissioners. It shall be the duty of 
the commissioners to exercise a general supervision and control 
of the penal and charitable institutions, schools, roads, bridges, 
levying of taxes, and finances of the county, as may be prescribed 
by law. The register of deeds shall be ex officio clerk of the board 
of commissioners. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. It shall be the duty 
of the commissioners first elected in each county to divide the same 
into convenient districts, to determine the boundaries and prescribe 



76 NoicTii Carolina Maniai. 

the name of the said districts, and to report the same to the General 
Assembly before the tirst day of January, ISfi!). 

Sec. 4. Totvnships have corporate poivers. Upon the approval 
of the reports provided for in the foregoing section by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, the said districts shall have corporate powers for 
the necessary purposes of local government, and shall be known 
as townships. 

Sec. 5. Sheriffs. In each county a Sheriff shall be elected by the 
qualified voters thereof as is prescribed for members of the General 
Assembly, and shall hold his office for a period of four years. In 
case of a vacancy existing for any cause in any Sheriff's office, the 
governing authority of the county shall fill such vacancy by appoint- 
ment for the unexpired term. 

Sec. 6. No debt or loan except by a majority of voters. No 
county, city, town, or other municipal corporation shall contract 
any debt, pledge its faith or loan its credit, nor shall any tax be 
levied or collected by any officers of the same except for the necessary 
expenses thereof, unless approved by a majority of those who shall 
vote thereon in any election held for such purpose. 

Sec. 7. No money drawn except by law. No money shall be 
drawn from any county or township treasury, except by authority 
of law. 

Sec. 8. Charters to remain in force until legally changed. All 
charters, ordinances, and provisions relating to municipal corpora- 
tions shall remain in force until legally changed, unless inconsistent 
with the provisions of this Constitution. 

Sec. 9. Debts in aid of the rebellion not to be paid. No county, 
city, town, or other municipal corporation shall assume or pay, 
nor shall any tax be levied or collected for the payment of any 
debt, or the interest upon any debt, contracted directly or indirectly 
in aid or support of the rebellion. 

Sec. 10. Powers of General Assembly over municipal corporations. 
The General Assembly shall have full power by statute to modify, 
change, or abrogate any and all of the provisions of this Article, 
and substitute others in their place, except Sections 5, 6, 7, and 9. 



Constitution 77 

, , ARTICLE VIII 

CORPORATIONS OTHER THAN MUNICIPAL 

Section 1. Corporations under general laws. No corporation 
shall be created, nor shall its charter be extended, altered, or 
amended by special act, except corporations for charitable, educa- 
tional, penal, or reformatory purposes that are to be and remain 
under the patronage and control of the State; but the General 
Assembly shall provide by general laws for the chartering and 
organization of all corporations, and for amending, extending, and 
forfeiture of all charters, except those above permitted by special 
act. All such general laws and special acts may be altered from 
time to time or repealed; and the General Assembly may at any 
time by special act repeal the charter of any corporation. 

Sec. 2. Debts of corporations, how secured. Dues from corpora- 
tions shall be secured by such individual liabilities of the corpora- 
tions, and other means, as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. What corporations shall include. The term "corporation" 
as used in this Article, shall be construed to include all associa- 
tions and joint-stock companies having any of the powers and 
privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or part- 
nerships. And all corporations shall have the right to sue, and 
shall be subject to be sued, in all courts, in like cases as natural 
persons. 

Sec. 4. Legislature to provide for organizing cities, towns, etc. 
It shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide by general laws 
for the organization of cities, towns, and incorporated villages, 
and to restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing 
money, contracting debts, and loaning their credit, so as to prevent 
abuses in assessment and in contracting debts by such municipal 
corporations. 

ARTICLE IX 

EDUCATION 

Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. Religion, morality, 
and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happi- 
ness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever 
be encouraged. 



78 NoKiii Cakomna Mamaf, 

Sec. 2. CMeneral Assembly shall provide for scliools; separation 
of the races. The General Assembly, at its first session under this 
Constitution, shall provide by taxation and otherwise for a general 
and uniform system of public schools, wherein tuition shall be 
free of charge to all the children of the State between the ages of 
six and twenty-one years. And the children of the white race and 
the children of the colored race shall be taught in separate public 
schools; but there shall be no discrimination in favor of, or to the 
prejudice of, either race. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. Each county of the 
State shall be divided into a convenient number of districts, in 
which one or more public schools shall be maintained at least six 
months in every year; and if the commissioners of any county 
shall fail to comply with the aforesaid requirements of this Sec- 
tion, they shall be liable to indictment. 

Sec. 4. What property devoted to educational purposes. The 
proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted 
by the United States to this State, and not otherwise appropriated 
by this State or the United States; also all moneys, stocks, bonds, 
and other property now belonging to any State fund for purposes 
of education; also the net proceeds of all sales of the swamp lands 
belonging to the State, and all other grants, gifts or devises that 
have been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not other- 
wise appropriated by the State, or by the terms of the grant, gift 
or devise, shall be paid into the State Treasury, and, together with 
so much of the ordinary revenue of the State as may be by law 
set apart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated for 
establishing and maintaining in this State a system of free public 
schools, and for no other uses or purposes whatsoever. 

Sec. 5. County school fund; proviso. All moneys, stocks, bonds, 
and other property belonging to a county school fund; also the 
net proceeds from the sale of estrays; also the clear proceeds of 
all penalties and forfeitures and of all fines collected in the several 
counties for any breach of the penal or military laws of the State; 
and all moneys which shall be paid by persons as an equivalent for 
exemption from military duty shall belong to and remain in the 
several counties, and shall be faithfully appropriated for estab- 
lishing and maintaining free public schools in the several coun- 



Constitution 79 

ties of this State: Provided, that the amount collected in each 
county shall be annually reported to the Superintendent of Public 
Instruction. 

Sec. 6. Election of trustees, and provisions for maintenance, of 
the University. The General Assembly shall have power to pro- 
vide for the election of trustees of the University of North Caro- 
lina, in whom, when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, 
rights, franchises and endowments thereof in any wise granted to 
or conferred upon the trustees of said University; and the Gen- 
eral Assembly may make such provisions, laws, and regulations 
from time to time, as may be necessary and expedient for the 
maintenance and management of said IMiversity. 

Sec. 7. Benefits of the University. The General Assembly shall 
provide that the benefits of the University, as far as practicable, 
be extended to the youth of the State free of expense for tuition; 
also, that all the property which has heretofore accrued to the 
State, or shall hereafter accrue, from escheats, unclaimed dividends, 
or distributive shares of the estates of deceased persons, shall be 
appropriated to the use of the University. 

Sec. 8. State Board of Education. The general supervision and 
administration of the free public school system, and of the edu- 
cational funds provided for the support thereof, except those 
mentioned in Section five of this Article, shall, from and after 
the first day of April, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five, 
be vested in the State Board of Education to consist of the Lieu- 
tenant-Governor, State Treasurer, the Superintendent of Public 
Instruction, and ten members to be appointed by the Governor, 
subject to confirmation by the General Assembly in Joint Session. 
The General Assembly shall divide the State into eight educational 
districts, which may be altered from time to time by the General 
Assembly. Of the appointive members of the State Board of Edu- 
cation, one shall be appointed from each of the eight educational 
districts, and two shall be appointed as members at large. The first 
appointments under this Section shall be: Two members appointed 
from educational districts for terms of two years; two members 
appointed from educational districts for terms of four years; two 
members appointed from educational districts for terms of six 
years; and two members appointed from educational districts for 
terms of eight years. One member at large shall be appointed 



80 NoiM H Cakoi.in'a Manual 

for a period of four years and one member at large shall be 
appointed for a period of eight years. All subsequent appointments 
shall be for terms of eight years. Any appointments to fill vacan- 
cies shall be made by the Governor for the unexpired term, which 
appointments shall not be subject to confirmation. The State Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction shall be the administrative head 
of the public school system and shall be secretary of the Board. 
The Board shall elect a chairman and vice-chairman. A majority 
of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of busi- 
ness. The per diem and expenses of the appointive members shall 
be provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 9. Poicers and duties of the Board. The State Board of 
Education shall succeed to all the powers and trusts of the Presi- 
dent and Directors of The Literary Fund of North Carolina and 
the State Board of Education as heretofore constituted. The State 
Board of Education shall have power to divide the State into a 
convenient number of school districts; to regulate the grade, salary 
and qualifications of teachers, to provide for the selection and 
adoption of the textbooks to be used in the public schools; to ap- 
portion and equalize the public school funds over the State; 
and generally to supervise and administer the free public school 
system of the State and to make all needful rules and regulations 
in relation thereto. All the powers enumerated in this Section shall 
be exercised in conformity with this Constitution and subject to 
such laws as may be enacted from time to time by the General 
Assembly. 

Sec. 10 Agricultural department. As soon as practicable after 
the adoption of this Constitution, the General Assembly shall 
establish and maintain, in connection with the University, a de- 
partment of agriculture, of mechanics, of mining, and of normal 
instruction. 

Sec. 11. Children must attend school. The General Assembly is 
hereby empowered to enact that every child, of sufficient mental 
and physical ability, shall attend the public schools during the 
period between the ages of six and eighteen years, for a term of 
not less than sixteen months, unless educated by other means. 

Sec. 12. Education expense grants and local option. Notwith- 
standing any other provision of this Constitution, the General 



Constitution ; 81 

Assembly may provide for payment of education expense grants 
from any State or local public funds for the private education of 
any child for whom no public school is available or for the private 
education of a child who is assigned against the wishes of his 
parent, or the person having control of such child, to a public 
school attended by a child of another race. A grant shall be avail- 
able only for education in a nonsectarian school, and in the case 
of a child assigned to a public school attended by a child of another 
race, a grant shall, in addition, be available only when it is not 
reasonable and practicable to reassign such child to a public school 
not attended by a child of another race. 

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the 
General Assembly may provide for a uniform system of local option 
whereby any local option unit, as defined by the General Assembly, 
may choose by a majority vote of the qualified voters in the unit 
who vote on the question to suspend or to authorize the suspension 
of the operation of one or more or all of the public schools in that 
unit. 

No action taken pursuant to the authority of this Section shall 
in any manner affect the obligation of the State or any political 
subdivision or agency thereof with respect to any indebtedness 
heretofore or hereafter created. 



ARTICLE X 

HOMESTEADS AND EXEMPTIONS 

Section 1. Exemptions of personal property. The personal prop- 
erty of any resident of this State, to the value of five hundred 
dollars ($500.00), to be selected by such resident, shall be and is 
hereby exempted from sale under execution or other final process 
of any court, issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Homestead. Every homestead, and the dwellings and 
buildings used therewith, not exceeding in value one thousand 
dollars ($1,000.00), to be selected by the owner thereof, or in lieu 
thereof, at the option of the owner, any lot in a city, town or vil- 
lage with the dwellings and buildings used thereon, owned and 
occupied by any resident of this State, and not exceeding the value 
of one thousand dollars ($1,000.00), shall be exempt from sale 
under execution or other final process obtained oti any dol)t. Hut 



82 NoKUi Cakoiina Manual 

no property shall be exempt from sale for taxes, or for payment 
of obligations contracted for the purchase of said premises. 

Sec. 8. Homestead exemption from debt. The homestead, after 
the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment 
of any debt during the minority of his children, or any of them. 

Sec. 4. Laborer's lien. The provisions of Sections one and two 
of this Article shall not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's 
lien for work done and performed for the person claiming such 
exemption, or a mechanic's lien for work done on the premises. 

Sec. 5. Benefit of widow. If the owner of a homestead die, 
leaving a widow but no children, the same shall be exempt from 
the debts of her husband, and the rents and profits thereof shall 
inure to her benefit during her widowhood, unless she be the owner 
of a homestead in her own right. 

Sec. 6. Property of married women secured to them. The real 
and personal property of any female in this State acquired before 
marriage, and all property, real and personal, to which she may, 
after marriage, become in any manner entitled, shall be and remain 
the sole and separate estate and property of such female, and shall 
not be liable for any debts, obligations or engagements of her 
husband, and may be devised and bequeathed and conveyed by her 
subject to such regulations and limitations as the General Assembly 
may prescribe. Every married woman may exercise powers of 
attorney conferred upon her by her husband, including the power 
to execute and acknowledge deeds to property owned by herself 
and her husband or by her husband. 

Sec. 7. Husband rnay insure his life for the benefit of wife and 
children. The husband may insure his own life for the sole use 
and benefit of his wife and children, and in case of the death 
of the husband the amount thus insured shall be paid over to the 
wife and children, or to the guardian, if under age, for her or 
their own use, free from all claims of the representatives of her 
husband, or any of his creditors. And the policy shall not be sub- 
ject to claims of creditors of the insured during the life of the 
insured, if the insurance issued is for the sole use and benefit of 
the wife and/or children. 

Sec. 8. Hoiv deed for homestead may be made. Nothing con- 



Constitution 8 3 

tained in the foregoing Sections of this Article shall operate to 
prevent the owner of a homestead from disposing of the same by 
deed; but no deed made by the owner of a homestead shall be 
valid without the signature and acknowledgement of his wife. 

ARTICLE XI 

PUNISHMENTS, PENAL INSTITUTIONS, AND PUBLIC CHARITIES 

Section 1. Punishments; convict labor; proviso. The following 
punishments only shall be known to the laws of this State, viz.: 
death, imprisonment with or without hard labor, fines, removal 
from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of 
honor, trust, or profit under this State. The foregoing provision 
for imprisonment with hard labor shall be construed to authorize 
the employment of such convict labor on public works or high- 
ways, or other labor for public benefit, and the farming out there- 
of, where and in such manner as may be provided by law; but 
no convict shall be farmed out who has been sentenced on a 
charge of murder, manslaughter, rape, attempt to commit rape, 
or arson: Provided, that no convict whose labor may be farmed 
out shall be punished for any failure of duty as a laborer, except 
by a responsible officer of the State; but the convicts so farmed 
out shall be at times under the supervision and control, as to 
their government and discipline, of the penitentiary board or some 
officer of this State. 

Sec. 2. Death punishment. The object of punishments being not 
only to satisfy justice, but also to reform the offender, and thus 
prevent crime, murder, arson, burglary, and rape, and these only, 
may be punishable with death if the General Assembly shall so 
enact. 

Sec. 3. Penitentiary. The General Assembly shall, at its first 
meeting, make provision for the erection and conduct of a State's 
prison or penitentiary at some central and accessible point within 
the State. 

Sec. 4. Houses of correction. The General Assembly may pro- 
vide for the erection of houses of correction, where vagrants and 
persons guilty of misdemeanors shall be restrained and usefully 
employed. 

Sec. 5. Houses of refuge. A house or houses of refuge may be 



84 NoKlll ('.\I!()I,I\A Mamai. 

established whenever the public interests may require it, for the 
correction and instruction of other classes of offenders. 

Sec. 6. The sexes are to be separated. It shall be required, by 
competent legislation, that the structure and superintendence of 
penal institutions of the State, the county jails, and city police 
prisons secure the health and comfort of the prisoners and that 
male and female prisoners be never confined in the same room or 
cell. 

Sec. 7. Provision for the poor and orphans. Beneficent provi- 
sions for the poor, the unfortunate and orphan, being one of the 
first duties of a civilized and Christian state, the General Assem- 
bly shall, at its first Session, appoint and define the duties of a 
Board of Public Charities, to whom shall be entrusted the super- 
vision of all charitable and penal State institutions, and who shall 
annually report to the Governor upon their condition, with sug- 
gestions for their improvement. 

Sec. 8. Orphan houses. There shall also, as soon as practicable, 
be measures devised by the State for the establishment of one 
or more orphan houses, where destitute orphans may be cared for, 
educated, and taught some business or trade. 

Sec. 9. Inebriates and idiots. It shall be the duty 3f the Legis- 
lature, as soon as practicable, to devise means for the education 
of Idiots and inebriates. 

Sec. 10. Deaf-mutes, blind, and insa7ie. The General Assembly 
may provide that the indigent deaf-mute, blind, and insane of the 
State shall be cared for at the charge of the State. 

Sec. 11. Self-supporting. It shall be steadily kept in view by 
the Legislature and the Board of Public Charities that all penal 
and charitable institutions should be made as nearly self-supporting 
as is consistent with the purposes of their creation. 

ARTICLE XII 

MELITIA 

Section 1. Who are liable to militia duty. All able-bodied male 
citizens of the State of North Carolina, between the ages of 
twenty-one and forty years, who are citizens of the United States, 
shall be liable to duty in the militia: Provided, that all persons 



Constitution 8 5 

who may be averse to bearing arms, from religious scruples, shall 
be exempt therefrom. 

Sec. 2. Organising, etc. The General Assembly shall provide for 
the organizing, arming, equipping, and discipline of the militia, and 
for paying the same, when called into active service. 

Sec. 3. Governor commander-in-chief. The Governor shall be 
commander-in-chief, and shall have power to call out the militia to 
execute the law, suppress riots or insurrections, and to repel inva- 
sion. 

Sec. 4. Exemptions. The General Assembly shall have power to 
make such exejnptions as may be deemed necessary, and to enact 
laws that may be expedient for the government of the militia. 

ARTICLE XIII 

AMENDMENTS 

Section 1. Convention, how called. No convention of the people 
of this State shall ever be called by the General Assembly unless 
by the concurrence of two-thirds of all of the members of each 
house of the General Assembly, and except the proposition, con- 
vention or no convention, be first submitted to the qualified voters 
of the whole State, at the next general election, in a manner to 
be prescribed by law. And should a majority of the votes cast be 
in favor of said convention, it shall assemble on such day as may 
be prescribed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 2. How the Constitution may be altered. No part of the 
Constitution of this State shall be altered unless a bill to alter 
the same shall have been agreed to by three-fifths of each house 
of the General Assembly. And the amendment or amendments so 
agreed to shall be submitted at the next general election to the 
qualified voters of the whole State, in such manner as may be 
prescribed by law. And in the event of their adoption by a majority 
of the votes cast, such amendment or amendments shall become a 
part of the Constitution of this State. 

ARTICLE XIV 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Section 1. hidictments. All indictments which shall have been 
found or may hereafter be found for any crime or offense com- 



86 Noiiiii Carolina Manuai, 

mitted before this Constitution takes effect, may be proceeded upon 
in the proper courts, but no punishment shall be inflicted which is 
forbidden by this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. No person who shall hereafter 
fight a duel, or assist in the same as a second, or send, accept, or 
knowingly carry a challenge therefor, or agree to go out of the 
State to fight a duel, shall hold any office in this State. 

Sec. 3. Drawing money. No money shall be drawn from the 
Treasurer but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and 
an accurate account of the receipts and expenditures of the public 
money shall be annually published. 

Sec. 4. Mechanic's lien. The General Assembly shall provide, by 
proper legislation, for giving to mechanics and laborers an ade- 
quate lien on the subject matter of their labor. 

Sec. 5. Governor to make appointments. In the absence of any 
contrary provision, all officers of this State, whether heretofore 
elected or appointed by the Governor, shall hold their positions 
only until other appointments are made by the Governor, or, if 
the officers are elective, until their successors shall have been 
chosen and duly qualified according to the provisions of this Con- 
stitution. 

Sec. 6. Seat of Government. The permanent seat of Government 
in this State shall be at the City of Raleigh. 

Sec. 7. Dual office-holding. No person who shall hold any office 
or place of trust or profit under the United States or any depart- 
ment thereof, or under this State, or under any other state or gov- 
enment, shall hold or exercise any other office or place of trust or 
profit under the authority of this State, or be eligible to a seat in 
either house of the General Assembly: Provided, that nothing 
herein contained shall extend to officers in the militia, notaries 
public, commissioners of public charities, or commissioners for 
special purposes. 

Sec. 8. Intermarriage of tvhites and Negroes prohibited. All 
marriages between a white person and a Negro, or between a 
white person and a person of Negro descent to the third generation, 
inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited. 



THE AMERICAN'S CREED 

I believe in the United States of America, as a government of 
the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are 
derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a re- 
public; a sovereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect 
union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of 
freedom, equality, justice and humanity for which American 
patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it 
is my duty to my country to love it, to support its constitution, 
to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all 
enemies. 

(The American's Creed by William Tyler Page was adopted by 
an act of Congress, April 6. 1918.) 

THE AMERICAN FLAG, IT'S ORIGIN 

In 1775, the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse carried a stand- 
ard with thirteen alternate blue and silver stripes in the upper 
left-hand corner. At Cambridge on January 2, 1776, Washington 
without authorization of the Continental Congress raised a flag 
consisting of thirteen alternate white and red stripes with the 
crosses of St. George and St. Andrew in a blue field in the upper 
left-hand corner. It was called the "Union Flag," "Grand Union 
Flag," and the "Continental Flag," and was employed until dis- 
placed by the Stars and Stripes adopted by the Continental Con- 
gress. 

The beautiful tradition that Betsy Ross, as early as June 1776, 
made a Stars and Stripes flag from a pencil sketch supplied by 
Washington but changed the points of the stars from six to five, 
has become a classic. Historians doubt its accuracy. Half a dozen 
localities claim to have been the place where the Stars and Stripes 
was first used. Within New York State such contention has been 
for Fort Ann on July 8, Fort Stanwix on August 3, Bennington 
on August 13, and Saratoga on September 19, 1777. The flag with 
thirteen stripes and thirteen stars, authorized on June 14, 1777, 
continued to be used as the national emblem until Congress passed 
the following act, which President Washington signed: 

"That from and after May 1, 1795, the flag of the United States 
be fifteen stripes, alternate red and white; and that the union be 
fifteen stars, white in a blue field." 

89 



90 NoKiii Cauomna Manttai, 

This action was necessitated by the admission of the States of 
Vermont and Kentucky to the Union. 

The Hag of 17 9 5 had the stars arranged in three rows of five 
each instead of in a circle, and served for 23 years. 

With the admission of more new states, however, it became 
apparent that the 1795 flag would have to be further modified; 
hence in 1818 a law was passed by Congress providing: 

"That from and after the fourth day of July next, the Hag 
of the United States be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red 
and white; that the union have twenty stars, white in a blue field. 

"That on the admission of every new state into the Union, one 
star be added to the union of the fiag; and that such addition 
shall take effect on the Fourth of July next succeeding such 
admission." 

Since 1818 additional stars have been added until today there 
are 50 on the flag. No law has been passed to designate how the 
stars shall be arranged. At one time they formed a design of a 
larger star. Now they form five rows of six stars each and four 
rows of five stars each. 

Betsy Ross, it is now said, lived at 233 Arch Street, Philadel- 
phia, and not at 239. She made fiags, but says Theodore D. Gott- 
lieb, she never made the first Stars and Stripes. He adds: "The 
Department of State, the War and Navy departments, the Histori- 
cal Sites Commission of Philadelphia and other official bodies 
repudiate the legend. The book and pamphlet material available 
is overwhelmingly against the legend. 

"The story arose for the first time on March 14, 1870, when 
William J. Canby read a paper before the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society in which he states that in 1836, when his grandmother, 
Betsy Ross, was 8 4 years old and he was 11, she told him the 
story. He apparently thought little of it because nothing was done 
until 1857, when at the suggestion of his Aunt Clarissa, oldest 
daughter of Betsy, he wrote out the notes as he remembered the 
conversation. 

"Nothing further was done until 1870 when he wrote his paper. 
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania thought so little of the 
paper it neither catalogued nor kept a copy of it. Even George 
Canby, younger brother of William, disputed several points in the 
paper. 



Thk American Flag 91 

"The legend grew to strength from 1888 to 1893 when pro- 
motors secured an option on the so-called Flag House. 

"Modern historical researchers are giving much thought to 
Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey as the possible designer and 
the Fillmore or Bennington flag as the first flag." 

The Proper Display of the American Flag 

(The United States Code, 1958) 
(Chapter 10, Sections 171-172, 174-178) 

Sec. 171. When the national anthem is played and the flag is 
not displayed, all present should stand and face toward the music 
Those in uniform should salute at the first note of the anthem, 
retaining this position until the last note. All others should stand 
at attention, men removing the headdress. When the flag is dis- 
played, all present should face the flag and salute. 

Sec. 172. The following is designated as the pledge of allegiance 
to the flag: "I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States 
of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation, 
under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." Such 
pledge should be rendered by standing with the right hand over 
the heart. However, civilians will always show full respect to the 
flag when the pledge is given by merely standing at attention, 
men removing the headdress. Persons in uniform shall render 
the military salute. 

Sec. 174. (a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only 
from sunrise to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs in 
the open. However, the flag may be displayed at night upon 
special occasions when it is desired to produce a patriotic effect. 

(b) The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremon- 
iously. 

(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather 
is inclement. 

(d) The flag should be displayed on all days when the 
weather permits, especially on New Year's Day, January 1 ; 
Inauguration Day, Jan. 20; Lincoln's Birthday, February 12; 
Washington's Birthday, February 22; Army Day, April 6; Easter 
Sunday (variable); Mother's Day, second Sunday in May; Me- 



92 NoKiii Carolina Ma.mai. 

morial Day (half staff until noon), May 30; Flag Day, June 14; 
Independence Day, July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; 
Constitution Day, September 17; Columbus Day, October 12; 
Navy Day, October 27; Veteran's Day, November 11; Thanks- 
giving Day, fourth Thursday in November; Christmas Day, Decem- 
ber 25; such other days as may be proclaimed by the President 
of the United States; the birthdays of States (dates of admission) ; 
and on State holidays. 

(e) The flag should be displayed daily, weather permitting, 
on or near the main administration building of every public in- 
stitution. 

(f ) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place 
on election days. 

(g) The flag should be displayed during school days in or 
near every schoolhouse. 

Sec. 175. The flag, when carried in a procession with another 
flag or flags, should be either on the marching right; that is, 
the flag's own right, or, if there is a line of other flags, in front 
of the center of that line. 

(a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade 
except from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i) of this 
section. 

(b) The flag should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, 
or back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the 
flag is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to 
the chassis or clamped to the radiator cap. 

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if 
on the same level, to the right of the flag of the United States 
of America, except during church services conducted by naval 
chaplains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above 
the flag during the church services for the personnel of the Navy. 

No person shall display the flag of the United Nations or any 
other national or international flag equal, above or in a position 
of superior prominence or honor to or in place of, the flag of the 
United States at any place within the United States or any Terri- 
tory or possession thereof: Provided. That nothing in this section 
shall make unlawful the continuance of the practice heretofore 
followed of displaying the flag of the United Nations in a posi- 



The American Flag 9^3 

tion of superior prominence or honor, and other national flags 
in positions of equal prominence or honor, with that of the flag 
of the United States at the Headquarters of the United Nations. 

(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is dis- 
played with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, 
should be on the right, the flag's own right, and its staff should 
be in front of the staff of the other flag. 

(e) The flag of the United States of America should be at the 
center and at the highest point of the group when a number of 
flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped 
and displayed from staffs. 

(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of 
societies are found on the same halyard with the flag of the 
United States, the latter should always be at the peak. When 
the flags are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United 
States should be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag 
or pennant may be placed above the flag of the United States 
or to the right of the flag of the United States. 

(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are 
to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags 
should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids 
the display of the flag of one nation above that of a.nother nation 
in time of peace. 

(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a 
staff projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window 
sill, balcony, or front of a building, the union of the flag should 
be placed at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff. 
When the flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending 
from a house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should 
be hoisted out, union first, from the building. 

(i) When the flag is displayed otherwise than by being flown 
from a staff, it should be displayed flat, whether indoors or out. 
or so suspended that its folds fall as free as though the flag were 
staffed. 

(j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, 
it should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in 
an east and west street or to the east in the north and south street. 



94 North Cakoi.ina Manuai, 

(k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed 
flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When 
displayed from a staff in a church or public auditorium, if it 
is displayed in the chancel of a church, or on the speaker's plat- 
form in a public auditorium, the flag should occupy the position 
of honor and be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's right as 
he faces the congregation or audience. Any other flag so displayed 
in the chancel or on the platform should be placed at the clergy- 
man's or speaker's left as he faces the congregation or audience. 
But when the flag is displayed from a staff in a church or public 
auditorium elsewhere than in the chancel or on the platform it 
shall be placed in the position of honor at the right of the con- 
gregation or audience as they face the chancel or platform. Any 
other flag so displayed should be placed on the left of the con- 
gregation or audience as they face the chancel or platform. 

(1) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the cere- 
mony of unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never 
be used as the covering for the statue or monument. 

(m) The flag, when flown at half-staff, should be first hoisted 
to the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff 
position. The flag should be again raised to the peak before 
it is lowered for the day. By "half-staff" is meant lowering the 
flag to one-half the distance between the top and bottom of the 
staff. Crepe streamers may be affixed to spear heads or flagstaffs 
in a parade only by order of the President of the United States. 

(n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so 
placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. 
The flag should not be lowered into the grave nor allowed to 
touch the ground. 

Sec. 176. No disrespect should be shown to the flag of the 
United States of America; the flag should not be dipped to any per- 
son or thing. Regimental colors. State flags, and organization 
or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor. 

(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down 
save as a signal of dire distress. 

(b) The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as 
the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise. 



The American Flag 95 

(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but. 
always aloft and free. 

(d) The flag should never be used as drapery of any sort 
whatsoever, never festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but 
always allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white and red, alway«i 
arranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the 
red below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping 
the front of a platform, and for decoration in general. 

(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or 
stored in such a manner as will permit it to be easily torn, soiled, 
or damaged in any way. - 

(f ) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling. 

(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any 
part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, 
flgure, design, picture or drawing of any nature. 

(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, 
holding, carrying, or delivering anything. 

(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in 
any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such 
articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or 
otherwise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that 
is designed for temporary use and discard; or used as any portion 
of a costume or athletic uniform. Advertising signs should not 
be fastened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown. 

(j) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer 
a fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified 
way, preferably by burning. 

Sec. 177. During the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the 
flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in a review, all 
persons present should face the flag, stand at attention, and 
salute. Those present in uniform should render the military 
salute. When not in uniform, men should remove the headdress 
with the right hand holding it at the left shoulder, the hand 
being over the heart. Men without hats should salute in the same 
manner. Aliens should stand at attention. Women should salute 
by placing the right hand over the heart. The salute to the flag 
in the moving column should be rendered at the moment the 
flag passes. 



96 Niiinii Cakoi.ina Mani ai. 

Sec. 178. Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the 
flag of the United States of America, set forth in sections 171-178 
of this title, may be altered, modified, or repealed, or additional 
rules with respect thereto may be prescribed, by the Commander 
in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, whenever 
he deems it to be appropriate or desirable; and any such altera- 
tion or additional rule shall be set forth in a proclamation. 

The Pledge to the Flag 

(Taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily) 

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, 
And to the Republic for which it stands. 
One Nation under God, indivisible. 
With liberty and justice for all." 

The Pledge to the Flag, according to a report of the Historical 
Committee of the United States Flag Association (May 18, 1939). 
was written by Francis Bellamy (August 1892), a member of the 
editorial staff of The Youth's Companion, in Boston, Massachu- 
setts. It was first repeated at the exercises in connection with 
the celebration of Columbus Day (October 12, 1892, Old Style). 
The idea of this national celebration on Columbus Day was largely 
that of James B. Upham, one of the junior proprietors of The 
Youth's Companion. 

Francis Hopkinson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
was the designer of the Stars and Stripes — not Betsy Ross of 
Philadelphia, who made flags. He also designed the first Great 
Seal of the United States, and a number of coins and several items 
of paper currency in the early days of the Republic. 

Hopkinson, born in Philadelphia (September 2'1, 1737), and a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, was the first native 
American composer of a secular song, "My Days Have Been So 
Wondrous Free." He was a lawyer and later a judge in New Jersey 
and then in Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia (May 9, 1791). 
His portrait, painted by himself, hangs in the rooms of the Penn- 
sylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia. He played the organ and 
harpsichord. 



THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON 

The Capitol building in Washington, D. C, is situated on a 
plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River and covers 
an area of 153,112 square feet, or approximately three and one- 
half acres. Its length, from north to south, is 751 feet, four inches; 
its width, including approaches, is 350 feet; and its location is 
described as being in latitude 38°53'20.4" N. and longitude 
70^00'35.7" W. from Greenwich. Its height above the base line on 
the east front to the top of the Statue of Freedom is 287 feet, 
five and one-half inches. The dome is built of iron, and the aggre- 
gate weight of material used in its construction is 8,909,200 
pounds. 

The Statue of Freedom surmounting the dome is of bronze and 
weighs 14,985 pounds. It was modeled by Thomas Crawford, 
father of Francis Marion Crawford, the novelist, in Rome, and 
the plaster model shipped to this country. It was cast in bronze 
at the shops of Clark Mills, on the Bladensburg Road, near Wash- 
ington. The cost of the casting and the expenses in connection 
were $20,796.82, and the sculptor was paid $3,000 for the plaster 
model. It was erected and placed in its present position December 
2, 1863. 

The grounds have had an area of 58.8 acres, at one time a part 
of Cern Abby Manor, and at an early date were occupied by a 
subtribe of the Algonquin Indians known as the Powhatans, whose 
council house was then located at the foot of the hill. By sub- 
sequent purchase of ground at the North of the Capitol and at 
the west of the new House Office building the area of the grounds 
has been increased to 139 1/^ acres. 

The Rotunda is 97 feet 6 inches in diameter, and its height from 
the floor to the top of the canopy is 180 feet, 3 inches. 

The Senate Chamber is 113 feet, 3 inches, in length by 80 feet, 
3 inches, in width and 3 6 feet in height. The galleries will ac- 
commodate 68 2 persons. 

The Representatives' Hall is 139 feet in length by 93 feet in 
width and 3 6 feet in height. 

The room, until 1935 the meeting place of the Supreme Court, 
was, until 1859, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to that 

97 



98 NoRiii (Carolina Manual 

time the court occupied the room immediately beneath, now used 
as a law library. 

The Capitol has a floor area of 14 acres, and 430 rooms are de- 
voted to office, committee, and storage purposes. There are 14,518 
square feet of skylights, 679 windows, and 550 doorways. 

The dome receives light through 108 windows, and from the 
architect's office to the dome there are 365 steps, one for each day 
of the year. 

The southeast cornerstone of the original building was laid Sep- 
tember 18, 1793, by President Washington, with Masonic cere- 
monies. It is constructed of sandstone from quarries on Aquia 
Creek, Va. The original designs were prepared by Dr. William 
Thornton, and the work was done under the direction of Stephen 
H. Hallet, James Hoban, George Hadfield, and B. H. Latrobe. 
architects. 

The north wing was finished in 1800 and the south wing in 1811. 
A wooden passageway connected them. On August 24. 1814, the 
interior of both wings was destroyed by fire, set by the British. 
The damage to the building was immediately repaired. 

In 1818 the central portion of the building was commenced 
under the architectural superintendence of Charles Bullfinch. The 
original building was finally completed in 1827. Its cost, including 
the grading of the grounds, alterations, and repairs, up to 1827, 
was $2,433,844.13. 

The cornerstone of the extensions was laid on the Fourth of 
July, 1851, by President Fillmore, Daniel Webster officiating as 
orator. This work was prosecuted under the architectual direc- 
tion of Thomas U. Walter until 1865, when he resigned, and it was 
completed under the supervision of Edward Clark. The material 
used in the walls is white marble from the quarries of Lee, Massa- 
chusetts, and that in the columns from the quarries from Cockeys- 
ville, Maryland. The House extension was first occupied for legis- 
lative purposes December 16, 1857, and the Senate January 4, 
1859. 

The House office building was begun in 1905 and occupied on 
January 10, 1908; later a story on top was added. The Senate 
office building was started in 1906 and occupied on ^March 5, 1909. 
The House building cost, with site, $4,860,155; the Senate struc- 
ture, $5,019,251. 



The National Capitol 99 

Among the paintings in the Capitol are: 

In Rotunda: Signing of the Declaration of Independence, Sur- 
render of General Burgoyne, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at 
Yorktown, Va., George Washington Resigning His Commission as 
Commander in Chief of the Army, all by John Trumbull. 

Baptism of Pocahontas, by John G. Chapman; Landing of Co- 
lumbus, by John Vanderlyn; Discovery of the Mississippi River 
by DeSoto, by William H. Pow^ell; Embarkation of the Pilgrims, 
by Robert W. Weir. 

In House Wing: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, 
by Emanuel Leutze; First Reading of the Emancipation Proclama- 
tion, by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. 

In Senate Wing: Battle of Lake Erie, by William H. Powell; 
Battle of Chapultepec, by James Walker. 



THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

(Unanimously Adopted in Congress, July 4, 1776, at Philadelphia) 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for 
one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected 
them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, 
the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and 
of Nature's God entitles them, a decent respect to the opinions of 
mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel 
them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are creat- 
ed equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain in- 
alienable Rights; that among these are Life, Liberty and the pur- 
suit of Happiness. That, to secure these rights. Governments are 
instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed; That, whenever any Form of Government be- 
comes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to 
alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its 
foundations on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
forms, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and 
Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long 
established should not be changed for light and transient causes; 
and, accordingly, all experience hath shewn, that mankind are 
more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right 
themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. 
But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invari- 
ably the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under abso- 
lute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such 
Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. 
Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies, and such 
is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former 
Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great 
Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all hav- 
ing in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over 
these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid 
world. 

He has refused his assent to Laws, the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

100 



Declaration of Independence 101 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and 
pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his 
Assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly 
neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of 
large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the 
right of Representation in the Legislature — a right inestimable to 
them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, un- 
comfortable and distant from the depository of their public Rec- 
ords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with 
his measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing 
with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause 
others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of 
Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exer- 
cise; the State remaining, in the meantime, exposed to all the 
dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States for 
that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreign- 
ers; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, 
and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing 
his assent to laws for establishing Judiciary Powers. 

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure 
of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither 
swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their sub- 
stance. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace. Standing Armies 
without the Consent of Our Legislature. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of, and superior 
to, the Civil power. 

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction 
foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; 
giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: 



10 2 Noitrii Carolina Mantai, 

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any 
Murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these 
States: 

For cutting oi¥ our Trade with all parts of the world: 

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by 
jury: 

For transporting us beyond Seas, to be tried for pretended offenses; 

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbor- 
ing Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and 
enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an example 
and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into 
these Colonies: 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable 
Laws, and altering fundamentally, the Forms of our Governments: 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves 
invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his 
Protection and waging War against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, 
and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign mer- 
cenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, 
already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely 
paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the 
Head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-Citizens, taken captive on the 
high Seas, to bear Arms against their Country, to become the exe- 
cutioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by 
their Hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has en- 
deavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merci- 
less Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undis- 
tinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. 

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Re- 
dress in the most humble terms; Our repeated Petitions have been 
answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is 
thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to 
be the ruler of a free people. 



Declaration of Independence 10 3 

Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren. 
We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their 
legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We 
have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and 
settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and 
magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our com- 
mon kindred to disavow these usurpations, which inevitably inter- 
rupt our connections with correspondence. They, too, have been 
deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, there- 
fore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, 
and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind — Enemies in War, 
in Peace Friends. 

We, Thekefore, the Representatives of the United States of 
America, in General Congress Assembled; appealing to the Su- 
preme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, 
in the Name and by authority of the good People of these Colonies, 
solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and 
of Right ought to be free and independent States; that they are 
Absolved from All Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all 
political connections between them and the State of Great Britain 
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as Free and Inde- 
pendent States, they have full power to levy War, conclude Peace, 
contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts 
and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for 
the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the pro- 
tection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other 
our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. 

John Hancock 

Button Gwinnett Edward Rutledge 

Lyman Hall Thomas Heyward, Junr. 

Geo. Walton Thomas Lynch, Junr. 

Wm. Hooper Arthur Middleton 

Joseph Hewes Samuel Chase 

John Penn Wm. Paca 

Thos. Stone Carter Braxton 



104 



NoiiTH CAKOr.INA Manuai. 



Charles Carroll of Carrollton 

James Wilson 

Geo. Ross 

Caesar Rodney 

Geo. Reed 

Tho. M. Kean 

Wni. Floyd 

Phil. Livingston 

Frans. Lewis 

Lewis Morris 

Richd. Stockton 

Jno. Witherspoon 

Fras. Hopkinson 

John Hart 

Abra Clark 

George Wythe 

Richard Henry Lee 

Th. Jefferson 

Benja. Harrison 

Thos. Nelson, Jr. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee 



Robt. Morris 
Benjamin Rush 
Benja. Franklin 
John Morton 
Geo. Clymer 
Jas. Smith 
Geo. Taylor 
Josiah Bartlett 
Wm. Hippie 
Saml. Adams 
John Adams 
Robt. Treat Payne 
Eldridge Gerry 
Step. Hopkins 
William Ellery 
Roger Sherman 
Samuel Huntington 
Wm. Williams 
Oliver Woolcott 
Matthew Thornton 



THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

Preamble 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, pro- 
vide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do 
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 

Article I 

Section 1 — All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested 
in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate 
and a House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2- — 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the several 
States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications 
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State 
Legislature. 

2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citi- 
zen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among 
the several States which may be included within this Union, ac- 
cording to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by 
adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound 
to service for a term of years and excluding Indians not taxed, 
three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be 
made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of 
Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, 
but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until 
such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire 
shall be entitled to choose 3; Massachusetts, 8; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations. 1; Connecticut, 5; New York, 6; New 



106 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Manual 

Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 1; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 
10; North Carolina, 5; South Carolina, 5; and Georgia, 3.* 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any State 
the Executive Authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill 
such vacancies. 

5. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and 
other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Sec. 3 — 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of 
two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof 
for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.f 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence 
of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into 
three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be 
vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class 
at the expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year, and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, 
during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting 
of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.! 

3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United 
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that 
State for which he shall be chosen. 

4. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of 
the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. 

5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or 
when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States. 

6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. 
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. 
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice 
shall preside; and no person shall be convicted without the con- 
currence of two-thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further 
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy 
any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States; but 



•See Article XIV, Amendments. 
tSee Article XVII. Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 107 

the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to 
indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

Sec. 4 — 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections 
for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State 
by the Legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by 
law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of 
choosing Senators. 

2 The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. 5 — 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, re- 
turns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller num- 
ber may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under 
such penalties as each House may provide. 

2. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, pun- 
ish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence 
of two-thirds, expel a member. 

3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from 
time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in 
their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the 
members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of 
one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. 

4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without 
the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor 
to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be 
sitting. 

Sec. 6 — 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid 
out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, 
except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective 
Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for 
any speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned 
in any other place. 

2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which 
he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the 
authority of the United States which shall have been created, or 



108 NoiMii Cai£()I.in,\ Manuai, 

the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such 
time; and no person holding any office under the United States 
shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office. 

Sec. 7 — 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representa- 
tives and the Senate shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the President of the United States; if he approves, he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that House 
in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections 
at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after 
such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to pass 
the bill, it shall be sent together with the objections, to the 
other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if 
approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But 
in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House re- 
spectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within 
ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented 
to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed 
it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, 
in which case it shall not be a law. 

3. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of 
the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (ex- 
cept on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the Presi- 
dent of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, 
shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be 
repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

Sec. 8. The Congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay 
the debts and provide for the common defense and general wel- 
fare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall 
be uniform throughout the United States; 

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States; 



Constitution of the United States 109 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the 
several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform 
laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, 
and fix the standards of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities 
and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish postoffices and postroads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing, 
for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to 
their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the 
high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money 
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land 
and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed 
in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respec- 
tively the appointment of the officers and the authority of training 
the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over 
such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may by cession 
of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat 
of Government of the United States, and to exercise like authority 
over all places purchased by the consent of the Legislature of the 
State in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, 
arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings; — and 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers 



110 North Carolina Manual 

vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, 
or any department or officer thereof. 

Sec. 9 — 1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be 
prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight 
hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such 
importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be sus- 
pended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public 
safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to 
be taken.* 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
State. 

6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce 
or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; nor 
shall vessels bound to, or from, one State be obliged to enter, clear, 
or pay duties in another. 

7. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in conse- 
quence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and 
account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall 
be published from time to time. 

8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, 
shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, 
emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, 
prince, or foreign state. 

Sec. 10 — 1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confed- 
eration; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit 
bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender 
in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder; ex post facto law, 
or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of 
nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports except what may be abso- 



•See Article XVI, Amendments. 



Constitution op the United States 111 

lutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net pro- 
duce of all duties and imports, laid by any State on imports or 
exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; 
and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of 
the Congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty 
of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter 
into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a 
foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in 
such imminent danger as will not admit delay. 

Article II 

Section 1 — 1. The executive power shall be vested in a Presi- 
dent of the United States of America. He shall hold his office 
during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice Presi- 
dent, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature 
thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole num- 
ber of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be 
entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative or 
person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States 
shall be appointed an elector. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote 
by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an 
inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make 
a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for 
each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, 
to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to 
the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The per- 
son having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if 
such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, 
and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representa- 
tives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; 
and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on 
the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. 



112 North Cakoi.ina Manual 

But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, 
the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum, 
for this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be 
necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the Presi- 
dent, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors 
shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by 
ballot the Vice President.* 

4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the elec- 
tors and the day on which they shall give their votes, which day 
shall be the same throughout the United States. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the 
United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, 
shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any per- 
son be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the 
age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident within 
the United States. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his 
death, resignation or inability to discharge the powers and duties 
of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, 
and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, 
death, resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice 
President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and 
such officer shall act accordingly until the disability be removed, 
or a President shall be elected. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services 
a compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished 
during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he 
shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the 
United States, or any of them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall take 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute 
the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best 
of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the 
United States." 



•This clause is superseded by Article XII, Amendments. 



CoNSTITimoN OF TIIK UNITKI> St ATI S 1 1 •} 

Skc. 2 — 1. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the 
Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into the actual service of the United 
States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal 
officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject re- 
lating to the duties of their respective offices; and he shall have 
power to grant reprieves, and pardons for offenses against the 
United States, except in cases of impeachment. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators 
present concur; and he shall nominate and, by and with the advice 
and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public 
ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other 
officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein 
otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but 
the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers as they think proper in the President alone, in the courts 
of law, or in the heads of departments. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that 
may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commis- 
sions which shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3 — He shall from time to time give to the Congress infor- 
mation of the State of the Union, and recommend to their consid- 
eration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; 
he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either 
of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to 
the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he 
shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public 
ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, 
and shall commission all the officers of the United States. 

Sec. 4 — The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of 
the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and 
misdemeanors. 

Article IH 

Section 1— The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the 
Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges. 



114 NoKTii Carolina Manttai. 

both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices 
during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their 
services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their 
continuance in office. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law 
and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United 
States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their 
authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime juris- 
diction; — to controversies to which the United States shall be a 
party; — to controversies between two or more States; — between 
a State and citizens of another State; — between citizens of differ- 
ent States; — between citizens of the same State, claiming lands 
under grants of different States, and between a State, or the citizens 
thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers 
and consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Su- 
preme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases 
before mentioned the Supreme Court shall have appellate juris- 
diction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under 
such regulations as the Congress shall make. 

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall 
be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State where the said 
crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within 
any State the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress 
may by law have directed. 

Sec. 3 — 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giv- 
ing them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or 
on confession in open court. 

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of 
treason; but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, 
or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. 

Article IV 

Section 1— Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to 
the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the man- 



Constitution of the United States 115 

ner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, 
and the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other 
crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in another State, 
shall, on demand of the Executive authority of the State from 
which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having 
jurisdiction of the crime. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any 
law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or 
labor, but shall be delivered upon claim of the party to whom such 
service or labor may be due. 

Sec. 3 — 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into 
this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the 
jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the 
junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the con- 
sent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the 
Congress. 

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other 
property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Con- 
stitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the 
United States or of any particular State. 

Sec. 4 — The United States shall guarantee to every State in 
this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion, and, on application of the Legis- 
lature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be con- 
vened), against domestic violence. 

Article V 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it 
necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on 
the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several 
States, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, 
in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part 
of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three- 



116 NoKiu Cakoi.ima Manitai. 

fourths of the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths 
thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall 
in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the Ninth 
Section of the First Article; and that no State, without its con- 
sent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. 

Article VI 

1. All debts contracted and engagements entered into before 
the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the 
United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. 

2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which 
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which 
shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be 
the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall 
be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any 
State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the 
members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and 
judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several 
States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Con- 
stitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a quali- 
fication to any office or public trust under the United States. 

Article VII 

The ratification of the Convention of nine States shall be suf- 
ficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States 
so ratifying the same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States 
present the Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of Our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth. In witness 
whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 

GEO. WASHINGTON, President and deputy from Virginia, New 
Hampshire — John Langdon, Nicholas Oilman, Massachusetts — Na- 
thaniel Gorham, Rufus King, Connecticut — Wm. Saml. Johnson, 
Roger Sherman, New York — Alexander Hamilton, New Jersey — 



Constitution of the United States 117 

Wil. Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Patterson, Jona. Dayton, 
Pennsylvania — B. Franklin, Robt. Morris, Thos. Fitzsimmons, James 
Wilson, Thomas Mifflin, Geo. Clymer, Jared Ingersoll, Gouv. Morris, 
Delaware — Geo. Read, John Dickinson, Jaco. Broom, Gunning Bed- 
ford, Jr., Richard Bassett, Maryland — James McHenry, Danl. Carroll, 
Dan. of St. Thos. Jenifer, Virginia— John Blair, Jas. Madison, Jr, 
North Carolina — Wm. Blount, Hu. Williamson, Richd. Dobbs Spaight, 
South Carolina — J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth 
Pinckney, Pierce Butler, Georgia — William Few, Abr. Baldwin. 
Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. 

The Constitution was declared in effect on the first Wednesday 
in March, 1789. 

Amendments to the Constitution of the United States 

The following amendments to the Constitution, Article I to X, 
inclusive, were proposed at the First Session of the First Congress, 
begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, March 4, 
1789, and were adopted by the necessary number of States. The 
original proposal of the ten amendments was preceded by this 
preamble and resolution: 

"The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time 
of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to 
prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further de- 
claratory and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extending 
the ground of public confidence in the Government will best insure 
the beneficent ends of its institution: 

"RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of 
both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to 
the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Con- 
stitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when 
ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all 
intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, namely": 

Amendments 

the ten original amendments 

(Sometimes called our Bill of Rights) 
(Declared in force December 15, 1791) 



118 NoKTH Cakoi.ixa Manual 



Article I 



Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of re- 
ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the 
freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people 

peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a re- 
dress of grievances. 

Article II 

A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free 
State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be 
infringed. 

Article III 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house 
without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a man- 
ner to be prescribed by law. 

Article IV 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, 
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, 
shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon prob- 
able cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de- 
scribing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be 
seized. 

Article V 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise in- 
famous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the 
militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor 
shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in 
jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 

Article VI 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to 
a speedy, and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and 



Constitution of the United States 119 

district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which dis- 
trict shall have been previously ascertained by law, and be in- 
formed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted 
with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for 
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of 
counsel for his defense. 

Article VII 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall 
exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved 
and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any 
court of the United States than according to the rules of the com- 
mon law. 

Article VIII 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, 
nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

Article IX 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not 
be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 

Article X 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitu- 
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States 
respectively, or to the people. 

Article XI 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to 
extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted 
against one of the United States, by citizens of another State, or 
by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 

(Proposed to the Legislatures of the several States by the Third 
Congress on the 5th of March, 1794, and declared to have been 
ratified by Executive Proclamation, January 8, 1798.) 

Article XII 

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by 
ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall 



120 Noinii Cakoi.ina Mantai. 

name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in dis- 
tinct ballots the persons voted for as Vice President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all 
persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes 
for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, 
sealed, to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed 
to the President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of 
electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from 
the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the 
list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives 
shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing 
the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representa- 
tion from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose 
shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the 
States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a 
choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a 
President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, 
before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice 
President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or 
other constitutional disability of the President. The person having 
the greatest number of votes as Vice President shall be the Vice 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of 
electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from 
the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the 
Vice President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two- 
thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the 
whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person consti- 
tutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to 
that of Vice President of the United States. 

(Proposed by the Eighth Congress on the 12th of December, 

1803, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, September 25, 

1804. It was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire.) 

Article XHI 
1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a pun- 
ishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly con- 



Constitution of the United Stater 121 

victed, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject 
to their jurisdiction. 

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appro- 
priate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Thirty-eighth Congress on the 1st of February, 
1865, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, December 18, 
1865. It was rejected by Delaware and Kentucky; was condi- 
tionally ratified by Alabama and Mississippi; and Texas took no 
action.) 

Article XIV 

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States 
and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of 
citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any per- 
son of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor 
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States 
according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number 
of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when 
the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for 
President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives 
in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the 
members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male 
inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citi- 
zens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for 
participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representa- 
tion therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number 
of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citi- 
zens twenty-one years of age in such State. 

3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, 
or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil 
or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, 
having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as 
an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legis- 
lature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support 
the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insur- 



122 NoiMH C.vKor.iXA Manuai. 

rection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to 
the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of 
each House, remove such disability. 

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, author- 
ized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and 
bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall 
not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State 
shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of in- 
surrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for 
the loss of emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions, and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate 
legislation the provisions of this article. 

(The Reconstruction Amendment, by the Thirty-ninth Congress 
on the 16th day of June, 1866, was declared ratified by the Secre- 
tary of State, July 28, 1868. The amendment got the support of 23 
Northern States; it was rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, 
and 10 Southern States. California took no action. Later it was 
ratified by the 10 Southern States.) 

Article XV 

1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any' State on 
account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Fortieth Congress the 27th of February, 1869, 
and was declared ratified by the Secretary of State, March 30, 1870. 
It was not acted on by Tennessee; it was rejected by California, 
Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Oregon; ratified by the remaining 
30 States. New York rescinded its ratification January 5, 1870. 
New Jersey rejected it in 1870, but ratified it in 1871.) 

Article XVI 

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on in- 
comes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among 
the several States, and without regard to any census or enumera- 
tion. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-first Congress, July 12, 1909, and declared 
ratified February 25, 1913. The income tax amendment was ratified 



Constitution op the United States 123 

by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsylvania, Rhode 
Island, Utah, and Virginia.) 

Article XVII 

1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two 
Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six 
years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each 
State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most 
numerous branch of the State Legislatures. 

2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State 
in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue 
writs of election to fill such vacancies; Provided, That the Legis- 
lature of any State may empower the Executive thereof to make 
temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by 
election as the Legislature may direct. 

3. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the 
election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as 
part of the Constitution. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th day of May, 
1912, and declared ratified May 31, 1913. Adopted by all the States 
except Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah and 
Virginia.) 

Article XVIII 

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manu- 
facture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the 
importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United 
States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for bev- 
erage purposes is hereby prohibited. 

2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent 
power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures 
of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven 
years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the 
Congress. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress, December 18, 1917, and 
ratified by 36 States; was declared in effect on January 16, 1920.) 



124 NoKiii C,\i!()i,i.N.\ Mamm. 



Article XIX 



1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of sex. 

2. Congress shall have power, by appropriate legislation, to 
enforce the provisions of this article. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress. On August 26, 1920, it was 
proclaimed in effect, having been ratified (June 19, 1919 — August 
18, 1920) by three-quarters of the States. The Tennessee House, 
August 31st, rescinded its ratification, 47 to 24.) 

Article XX 

1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at 
noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and 
Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January of the years 
in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been 
ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 

2. The Congress shall assf^mble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, un- 
less they shall by law appoint a different day. 

3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the 
President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President 
elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been 
chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if 
the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice 
President elect shall act as President until a President shall have 
qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein 
neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have quali- 
fied, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in 
which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act 
accordingly, until a President or Vice President shall have qualified. 

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death 
of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives 
may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have 
devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the 
persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President when 
the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. 



Constitution of tiik Unitkd Staiks 125 

5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October 
following the ratification of this article. 

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures 
of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of its submission. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, First Session. On February 6, 
1933, it was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified by thirty-nine 

states.) 

Article XXI 

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of 
the United States is hereby repealed. 

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, 
or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of 
intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby 
prohibited. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by convention in the 
several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years 
from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, Second Session. Proclaimed 
in effect on December 5, 1933, having been ratified by thirty-six 
States. By proclamation of the same date, the President proclaim- 
ed that the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution was repealed 
on December 5, 1933.) 

Article XXII 

1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more 
than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, 
or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which 
some other person was elected President shall be elected to the 
office of the President more than once. But this article shall not 
apply to any person holding the office of President when this 
article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any 
person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as 
President, during the term within which this article becomes op- 
erative from holding the office of President or acting as President 
during the remainder of such term. 



126 Nourii Cakomna Mamai. 

2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the constitution by the legislatures 
of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of its submission to the States by the congress. 

(Proposed by the 80th Congress in 1947 and became effective on 
Feb. 26. 1951, having been ratified by thirty-six States.) 

Article XXIII 

1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the United 
States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: 

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to 
the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to 
which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no 
event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition 
to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for 
the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be 
electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District 
and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of 
amendment. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the 86th Congress in June of 1960 and ratified by 
the 38th State, March 29, 1961 and proclaimed a part of the Con- 
stitution, April 3, 1961.) 

Article XXIV 

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any 
primary or other election for President or Vice President, for 
electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Repre- 
sentative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the 
United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax 
or other tax. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the 87th Congress, August 27, 1962 and ratified by 
the 38th State, January 23, 1964.) 

Article XXV 
1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of 
his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become Presi- 
dent. 



Constitution of the United States 127 

2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice Presi- 
dent, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall 
take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses 
of Congress. 

3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro 
tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge 
the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them 
a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties 
shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. 

4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the 
principal officers of the executive departments or of such other 
body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President 
pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives their written declaration that the President is unable 
to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President 
shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as 
Acting President. 

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro 
tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall 
resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice Presi- 
dent and a majority of either the principal officers of the execu- 
tive department or of such other body as Congress may by law 
provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore 
of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives 
their written declaration that the President is unable to dis- 
charge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress 
shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for 
that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty- 
one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if 
Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress 
is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both 
Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and 
duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to dis- 
charge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President 
shall resume the powers and duties of his office. 

(Submitted to the Legislatures of the fifty States July 6, 1965. 
Ratified by the 38th State (Nevada) February 10, 1967.) 



PART 1 1 
CENSUS 



POPULATION OF THE STATE OF 
NORTH CAROLINA 

Eighteenth Census of the United States: I960 

The population of North Carolina's urban places continued to 
grow faster than that of the rural areas between 1950 and 1960, 
according to the eighteenth decennial census, issued by Robert W. 
Burgess, Director of the Bureau of the Census, Department of 
Commerce. 

Final figures show that the urban population increased from 
1,368,101 in 1950 to 1,801,921 in 1960, or 31.6 per cent, while the 
rural population increased from 2,693,828 in 1950 to 2,754.234 in 
1960 or an increase of only 2.2 per cent. The final count of the 
Eighteenth Census for the State on April 1, 1960, was 4,556,155 
compared to 4,061,929 in 1950, or an increase of 12.2 per cent. 
Urban residents accounted for 39.5 per cent of the State's popula- 
tion in 1960 as compared with 33.7 per cent in 1950. Rural areas 
in 1960 accounted for 60.5 per cent of the total population. The 
Census Bureau considers as urban areas the incorporated places of 
2,500 or more, or unincorporated places of 2',500 or more located 
outside urbanized areas. The remaining territory is classified as 
rural. 

There were 35 incorporated places of 10,000 or more in 1960. 
Five of these (Chapel Hill, Jacksonville, Lenoir, Lumberton and 
Roanoke Rapids) reached that size since 1950. Charlotte remains 
the State's largest city with a population of 201,564, followed in 
order by Greensboro with 119,574 and Winston-Salem with 111,135. 

According to final figures of the 19 60 census 63 of the counties 
gained in population. Onslow County showed the greatest gain 
with an increase of 96.7 per cent. Cumberland County placed 
second with an increase of 5 4.6 per cent while Mecklenburg was 
third with a 38.1 per cent gain. 

The first census of North Carolina was taken in 1790, returning 
a population of 393,751. The population has shown an increase 
at every census since that time. The population passed 1,000,000 
between 1860 and 1870. 2,000,000 between 1900 and 1910, 3.000,- 
000 between 1920 and 1930, 4,000,000 between 1940 and 1950. 
and 4,500,000 between 1950 and 1960. The present population 
represents a density of 86.4 inhabitants per square mile. North 
Carolina's total area in square miles is 52,712. Land area is 
49,142 square miles; water area is 3,570 square miles. 

Table 1 presents the figures for counties and for incorporated 
places of 10.000 or more, and Table 2 for incorporated places of 
less than 10,000. 131 



132 



Nourii r.\i;()i,TN A J\l\Nu.\i. 



TABLE 1. POPULATION OF COUNTIES AND OF INCORPO- 
RATED PLACES OF 10,000 OR MORE IN NORTH CAROUNA 

1960 



County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


The State 


4,556.155 
1,801.921 
2.751.234 

39.5 

85.674 

15,625 

7,734 

24,962 

19,768 

12.009 
36,014 
24,350 

28,881 
20,278 

130,074 

52,701 

68,137 

49,552 

5,598 

30,940 
19.912 
73.191 
26.785 
16.335 

11,729 
5,526 
66,048 
48,973 
58,773 

148,418 

6,601 

5,935 

79,493 

16,728 


Counties— Con/. 
Duplin 


40,270 

111,995 

54,226 

189 428 
28,755 

127,074 

9,254 

6,432 

33,110 

16,741 

246,520 
58,956 
48,236 
,39,711 
36,163 

22,718 
16,356 
5,765 
62,526 
17.780 

62,936 
11,005 
26,561 
55,276 
28,814 

14,935 
17,217 
27,139 
26,742 
272,111 

13,906 
18,408 
36,733 
61,002 
71,742 


CODNTIES— Con(. 

Northampton 

Onslow 






26,811 


Rural 


Durham 


82,706 


Per Cent Urban 


Edgecombe 

Forsyth 


Orange 


42,970 




Pamlico 


9,850 


COONTIBS: 

Alamance 


Franklin 

Gaston 


Pasquotank 

Pender 


25,630 
18,508 


Alexander 


Gates 


Perquimans 

Person 


9,178 


Alleghany 


Graham .. 


26,394 




Granville 


Pitt 


69,942 




Polk 


11,395 


A very . . 


Guilford .. -. 


Randolph. 

Richmond 

Robeson. 

Rockingham 


61,497 


Beaufort 


Halifax . .... 


39,202 


Bertie.. 




89,102 


Bladen 


Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 


69,629 




82,817 


Buncombe 

Burke 


Rutherford 

Sampson. 

Scotland 

Stanly _ 


45,091 
48,013 


Cabarrus 


Hyde 


25,183 


Caldwell 


Iredell 


40.873 


Camden 




Stokes... 


22,314 


Carteret 


Johnston 

Jones 


Surry 


48,205 


Caswell 


Swain 


8,387 


Catawba 


Lee 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell _ 


16,372 


Chatham 




4,520 


Cherokee 


Lincoln 


LInion 


44,670 


Chowan 




Vance 


32,002 


Clay 


Madison 


Wake 


169,082 


Cleveland 


Warren. 


19.652 


Columbus 


McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


Washington 

Watauga. 

Wayne 


13,488 


Craven 


17,529 


Cumberland 


82,059 


Currituck 


Montgomery 

Moore 


Wilkes 


45,269 


Dare 


Wilson 


57,716 






Yadkin 


22,804 


Davie 


New Hanover 


Yancey 


14,008 











Incorporated Places of 


10,000 or M 


dre 




Albemarle 

Asheville 


12,261 
60,192 
33.199 
12,573 
201,564 
17,799 

78,302 
14,062 
47,106 
37,276 
28,873 
119,574 


Greenville 

Henderson 

Hickory 


22,860 
12,740 
19,328 
62,063 
13,491 
24,819 

10,257 
16,093 
15,305 
10,882 
15,717 
93,931 


Reidsville 

Roanoke Rapids. 

Rocky Mount 

Salisbury 

Sanford 

Shelby. 

Statesville 

ThomasviUe 

Wilmington 

Wilson 

Winston-Salem... 


14,267 
13,320 


BurlingtoQ .. . 


32,147 


Chapel Hill 

Charlotte 


High Point 

Jacksonville 

Kinston 


21,297 
12,253 


Concord 


17,69S 


Durham 




19,844 


Eliiabeth City 

FayetteviUe 

Gastonia 


Lexington 

Lumberton 

Monroe 


15,190 
44,013 
28,753 


Goldsboro 

Greensboro 


New Bern 

Raleigh 


111,135 









Population of Cities and Towns 



133 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960 

2,500 to 10,000 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 




Hertford 

Randolph 

Pitt 


4,583 
9,449 
3,108 
2,922 
5,007 

4,017 
3,686 
4,857 
5,068 
3,356 

3,607 
3,302 
7,461 
3,270 
2,573 

3,382 
7,566 
4,458 
2,868 
2,978 

3,997 
6,556 
3,389 
3,451 
7,723 

2,644 
4,460 
5,911 
2,942 
8,008 

8,242 
6,427 
5,699 
2,997 
2,862 
2,784 


Marion 


McDoweU 

IredeU 


3,345 


Aaheboro 


Mooresville 


6,918 




Morehead City 

Morgan ton 


Carteret 

Burke 


5,583 


Beaufort 


Carteret 

Gaston 


9,186 




Mount Airy 

Mount Holly 

Mount Olive 

M urf reesboro 

Newton 


Surry 


7,055 




Gaston 


Gaston 


4.037 


Boone 


Watauga 

Transylvania 

Haywood 

Wake.. 


Wayne 


4,673 


B re vard 


Hertford 

Catawba 

Wilkes 


2.643 




6,658 


Gary 


North Wilkesboro... 
Oxford. 


4.197 




Gaston 


Granville 

Washington 

Hoke 


6,978 


Clayton 


Johnston 

Sampson 

Gaston 


Plymouth 


4,666 


Clinton 


Raeford 


3,058 


Dallas 


Red Springs 

Rockingham 

Roxboro ... 


Robeson 

Richmond 

Person .. 


2,767 


Davidson 


Mecklenburg 

Rockingham 

Harnett 

Chowan 

Surry . . 


5,512 


Draper 


5,147 


Dunn - . 


Rutherford ton 

Scotland Neck 

Selma . . 


Rutherford 

Halifax 


3,392 




2,974 


Elkin 


Johnston 

Chatham 

Johnston. 

Moore 


3,102 


Enfield 


Halifax . .... 


Siler City 


4,455 


Farmville 


Pitt - 


Smithfield 


6,117 


Forest City 


Rutherford 

Wake . . . 


Southern Pines. 

Spencer 


5,198 


Fuaaav SDrines 


Rowan 


2.904 


Garner 


Wake... 


Spindale 


Rutherford 

Rockingham 

Cumberland 

MitcheU 

Edgecombe 

Burke 


4.082 


Graham 


Alamance 

CaldweU 

Richmond 

Henderson 

Forsyth 

Cleveland 

Scotland 

Rockingham 

Lincoln 

Catawba 

Franklin 

Gaston 


Spray . . . . 


4,565 


Granite Falls 

Hamlet 


Spring Lake 

Spruce Pine 

Tarboro ... 


4.110 
2.504 


Henderson ville 


8.411 


Kernersville 


Valdese . 


2,941 




Wadeaboro 


Anson 


3,744 




Wake Forest 

Washington 


Wake.. 


2,664 


Leaksville 


Beaufort 

Haywood 

Columbus 

Martin 


9,939 


Lincolnton 


Waynes ville 

Whiteville 


6.159 




4.683 


Louiflburg 


Williamston 


«,924 















Aberdeen. 
Andrews.. 

Angler 

Apex 

Archdale. 

Aulander. 
Belhaven. 
Benson... 
Bethel... 
Beulaville 



Moore 

Cherokee. 
Harnett.. 
Wake.... 
Randolph 

Bertie 

Beaufort - 
Johnston. 

Pitt 

Duplin... 



1,531 
1,404 
1,249 
1,368 
1,520 

1,083 
2,386 
2,355 
1,578 
1,062 



Biltmore Forest. 

Biscoe 

Black Mountain 
Boiling Springs.. 
Bryson City 

Burgaw 

Burnsville 

Carolina Beach. 

Carrboro 

Carthage 



Buncombe 

Montgomery., 

Buncombe 

Cleveland 

Swain 

Pender 

Yancey 

New Hanover 

Oranee 

M core. 



1,004 
1,053 
1,313 
1,311 

1,084 

1.750 
1,388 
1,192 
1.997 
1,190 



134 



NoKTH Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 2,500 IN NORTH CAROUNA: 1960— Continued 

1,000 to 2,500— Continued 



City or Town 



Chadbourn.. 
China Grove. 

Coats 

Columbia 

Conover 



Cornelius 

Dreiel 

East Spencer... 
ElizabethtowD. 
Elon College... 



Fair Bluff... 

Fairmont 

Four Oaks... 

Franklin 

Franklinton. 



Fremont. 
Gaston... 



Gibson ville 

Granite Quarry. 
Grifton 



Havelock 

Hazelwood.. 

Hertford 

Hillsborough. 
Hope Mills- - 



Hudson 

Huntersville. 
Jamestown _- 

Jones ville 

Kenly 



La Grange. 

Landis 

Liberty 

Lillington . . 

Littleton . . 



Madison... 

Maiden 

Mars Hill. . 
Marsh ville. 
Max ton 



Mayodan. 
Mebane.. 



Mocksville 

Mount Gilead... 
Mount Pleasant. 



County 



Columbus - 

Rowan 

Harnett-. - 
Tyrrell.... 
Catawba. - 



Mecklenburg. 

Burke 

Rowan 

Bladen 

Alamance 



Columbus. 
Robeson... 
Johnston.. 

Macon 

Franklin.. 



Wayne 

Northampton. 

Alamance 

Guilford 

Rowan.- 

Pitt 



Craven 

Haywood 

Perquimans.. 

Orange 

Cumberland. 



Caldwell 

Mecklenburg.. 

Guilford 

Yadkin 

Johnston 



Lenoir 

Rowan 

Randolph - 
Harnett... 

Halifax 

Warren . - . 



Popula- 
tion 



Rockingham 

Catawba 

Madison- 

Union 

Robeson 



Rockingham 

Alamance 

Orange 

Davie 

Montgomery 

Cabarrus 



2,323 
1,500 
1,049 
1,099 
2,281 

1,444 
1,146 
2,171 
1,625 

1,284 

1,030 
2,286 
1,010 
2,173 
1,513 

1,609 
1,214 

1,784 

1,059 
1,816 

2,433 
1,925 
2,068 
1,349 
1,109 

1,536 
1,004 
1,247 
1,895 
1,147 

2,133 
1,763 
1,438 
1,242 

1,024 



1,912 
2,039 
1,574 
1,360 
1,755 

2,366 

2,364 

2,379 
1,229 
1,041 



City or Town 



Murphy 

Nashville 

Norwood 

Pembroke 

Pilot Mountain. 

Pinetops 

Pineville 

Pittsboro 

Ramseur 

Randleman 



Richlands 

Rich Square. - 

Robbins 

Robersonville. 
Roseboro 



Rose Hill.. 
Rowland . . 
St. Pauls.. 
Snow Hill- 
Southport- 



Sparta 

Spring Hope- 
Stanley 

Swansboro... 
Sylva 



Tabor City. 
Taylorsville. 

Troy 

Tryon. 

Wallace 



Walnut Cove. 

Warren ton 

Warsaw. 

Weaverville... 
Weldon 



Wendell.- 

West Jefferson - 

Whitakers 



Wilkesboro. 
Windsor 



Wingate 

Winterville. 
Yadkinville. 
Zebulon 



County 



Cherokee. 

Nash 

Stanly... 
Robeson.. 
Surry 



Edgecombe... 
Mecklenburg. 

Chatham 

Randolph 

Randolph 



Onslow 

Northampton. 

Moore 

Martin 

Sampson 



Duplin 

Robeson... 
Robeson... 

Greene 

Brunswick. 

Alleghany. 

Nash 

Gaston 

Onslow 

Jackson 



Columbus 

Alexander 

Montgomery. 

Polk 

Duplin 



Stokes 

Warren 

Duplin 

Buncombe. 
Halifax 



Wake 

Ashe 

Edgecombe. 

Nash- 

Wilkes 

Bertie 



Union.. 

Pitt 

Yadkin. 
Wake.. 



Popula- 
tion 



2,235 
1,423 
1,844 
1,372 
1,310 

1,372 
1,514 
1,215 
1,258 
2,232 

1,079 
1,134 
1,294 
1,684 
1,354 

1,292 
1,408 
2,249 
1,043 
2,034 

1,047 
1,336 
1,980 
1,104 
1,564 

2,338 
1.470 
2,346 
2,223 
2,285 

1,288 
1,124 
2,221 
1,041 
2,165 

1,620 
1,000 

I 1,004 

1,568 
1,813 

1,304 
1,418 
1,644 
1,534 



POPVLATION OF CiTIES AND TOWNS 



135 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 1.000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960— Continued 

Less Tham 1,000 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Acme - 


Columbus _ 

Moore 


159 

118 
197 
947 
558 

274 
590 
195 
302 
76 

449 
192 
795 
393 
564 

199 
346 

1 364 

545 
21 

103 
204 
222 
303 
310 

774 

1 711 

201 
617 
539 

274 
300 
638 
466 
596 

169 
187 
332 
633 
298 

593 
52 
342 
267 
504 


Cerro Gordo 

Cherry 

Chocowinity 

Claremont 

Clarkton. 

Cleveland 

Clvde 


Columbus 

Washington 

Beaufort 

Catawba 

Bladen 


■?nfi 


Addor 


61 


Advance.. 


Davie . 


I"?!! 


Alexander Mills 

Anson ville 


Rutherford 

Anson 


728 
66' 


Arapahoe 


Pamlico 

Yadkin. 

Bertie 




594 


Arlington 


Haywood 

Bertie 


680 


Askewville 


Colerain 

Columbus 

Conetoe 

Conway 

Council. 

Cove City.. 

Creedmoor 

Creswell 

Crossnore 

Crouse 


340 


Atkinson 


Pender 


Polk 


725 


Atlantic Beach 

Aurora ... 


Carteret 

Beaufort 

Sampson 

Nash 


Edgecombe 

Northampton... 
Bladen 


147 
fifi9 


Autryville 


56 


Baileys 


Craven 


551 


Bakersville 


Mitchell 

Avery 


G'-anville 

Washington 

Avery 


862 


Banner Elk.. 


402 


Barnardsville 


Buncombe 

Beaufort 

Edgecombe 

Nash. 


277 


Bath 


Lincoln 

Cherokee 

Stokes 


901 


Battleboro 


Culberson 


106 


Danbury 


175 


Bayboro 


Pamlico 

Carteret 

Martin... 


Deep Run 




183 


Bayshore Park 

Beargrass 


Delco.. 


Columbus 


466 


Bell Arthur... 


Pitt 


Dellview 

Denton. 


4 


Bennett 


Chatham 

Bertie.... 


Davidson 

Lincoln 

Jackson 

Surry 


852 


Bertie 


Denver 


113 


Black Creek 


Wilson . 


Dillsboro 

Dobson 

Dover 


140 


Bladenboro 


Bladen 


684 


Blowing Rock | 


Caldwell 

Watauga 

Brunswick 

Columbus 

Yadkin. 

Rutherford 

Duplin .. 


Craven 


651 


Dublin 


Bladen 


366 


Bolivia . . 


Dudley 


Wayne 


158 


Bolton... 


Dundarrach 

East Bend... 

East Laurinburg 

Ed ward 

Elk Park 


Hoke 


109 


Boon ville 


Yadkin 

Scotland 

Beaufort 

Avery 




Bostic. 


446 


Bowdens 


695 


Bridgeton. 


Craven... 


112 


Broadway 


Lee 


460 


Brookford 


Catawba. 

Columbus 

Harnett 

Franklin 

Duplin 


Rutherford 

Richmond 

Wilson 


492 


Brunswick 

Bunlevel . . 


Ellerbe 

Elm City.... 

Emerald Isle 

Eureka 

Everetts 

Evergreen 

Faison 

Faith 

Falcon 

Falkland 


843 
729 


Bunn 


Carteret 

Wayne 


14 


Calypso 


246 


Cameron 


Moore 


Martin 


225 


Candor 


Montgomery 

Carteret 

Jackson 

Nash 

Catawba 


Columbus 

Duplin 


300 


Cape Carteret 


666 


Cashiers . . 


Rowan .. .. 


494 


Castalia... 


Cumberland 

Pitt 


235 


Catawba. 


140 



136 



NoiM II Cakoi.ixa Mam'ai- 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960— Continued 

Less Than 1,000— Conimued 



City or Town 



Fountain 

Frankliuville. 

Garland 

Garysburg 

GatesviUe 



German ton.. 

Gibson 

Glen Alpine. 

Godwin 

Gold Point-. 



Goldston.-. 
Grainger... 
Grimeslaad. 

Grover 

Halifax 



Hamilton 

Harmony 

Harrella 

Harrellsville. 
Hassell 



Hayesville. 
Haywood.. 
Highlands. 
Hildebran. 
Hobgood.. 



Hoffman 

Holly Ridge.. 
Holly Springs. 

Hookerton 

Hot Springs. . 



Indian Trail 

Iron Station 

Jackson 

Jackson Springs. 
Jamesville 



Jefferson 

Jupiter 

Kelford.. 

Kenansville 

Kill Devil Hills - 



Kittrell 

Knightdale 

Kure Beach 

Lake Lure 

Lake Waccamaw. 



County 



Pitt 

Randolph 

Sampson 

Northampton. 
Gates 



Popula- 
tion 



Stokes 

Scotland 

Burke 

Cumberland. 
Martin 



Chatham.. 

Lenoir 

Pitt 

Cleveland. 
Halifax... 



Martin... 
IredeU... 
Sampson. 
Hertford. 
Martin... 



Clay 

Chatham. 

Macon 

Burke 

Halifax.. 



Richmond. 

Onslow 

Wake 

Greene 

Madison. , 



Union 

Lincoln 

Northampton. 

Moore 

Martin 



Ashe 

Buncombe. 

Bertie 

Duplin 

Dare 



Vance 

Wake. -- 

New Hanover. 

Rutherford 

Columbus 



496 
686 
642 
181 
460 

162 
501 
734 
149 

98 

374 
188 
362 
538 
370 

565 
322 
259 
171 
147 

428 
713 
597 
518 
630 

344 
731 
558 
358 
723 

364 
279 
765 
244 
538 

814 
174 
362 
724 
268 

121 
622 
293 
233 

780 



City or Town 



Lansing 

Lasker 

Lattiraore... 
Laurel Park. 
Lawndale 



Lewarae.. 
Lewiston. 
Lilesville. 
Linden... 
Locust... 



Long Beach 

Lucama 

Lumber Bridge. 

Macclesfield 

Macon 



Magnolia 

Manly.- 

Manteo- ...... 

Margaretsville. 
Marietta 



Marshall 

Matthews 

Maury 

Maysville ... 
McAdenville. 

McDonald... 

McFarlan 

Merry Oaks- 

Micro 

Middleburg.. 



Milton. 

Milwaukee 

Mineral Springs. 
Morrisville 



Mortimer 

Morven 

Newland 

New London. 
Newport 



Newton Grove. 

N orlina 

Norman 

Oakboro 

Oak City 



County 



Ashe 

Northampton. 

Cleveland 

Henderson 

Cleveland 



Popula- 
tion 



Richmond... 

Bertie 

Anson 

Cumberland - 
Stanly 



Brunswick.. 

Wilson 

Robeson 

Edgecombe. 
Warren 



Duplin 

Moore 

Dare 

Northampton. 
Robeson 



Middlesex..- N'ash 



Madison 

Mecklenburg. 

Greene 

Jones 

Gaston 



Robeson.. 

Anson 

Chatham. 
Johnston . 
Vance 



Caswell 

Northampton. 

Union 

Wake 



Caldwell. 

Anson 

Avery 

Stanly... 
Carteret. 



Sampson . . 

Warren 

Richmond. 

Stanly 

Martin 



278 
119 
257 
421 
723 

425 
360 
635 
157 
211 

102 

498 
100 
473 

187 

629 
239 
587 
106 
239 

926 
609 
285 
892 
748 

79 
161 

77 
350 
170 

588 
235 
311 
111 
222 

3 

518 
564 
223 

861 

477 
927 
220 
581 

574 



Population of Cities and Towns 



137 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960— Continued 

Less Than 1,000— Continued 



Cfty or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Oakley 


PiU 


17 
5 

787 
522 
139 

21! 

50 
262 

65 
906 

323 
265 
563 
525 
509 

833 
215 
457 
530 
416 

259 

948 
797 
188 

j 837 

293 
587 
379 
948 
358 

510 
771 
419 
452 
529 

569 
570 
409 
624 
323 

207 
310 
480 

490 

29 
302 
205 


Smith town 


Yadkin 

Beaufort 

Anson 


199 


Ocean lale Beach 

Old Fort 


Brunswick. 

McDowell 

Pamlico 

Robeson 

Pitt 


South Creek 

South Wadesboro 

Speed 


82 
189 


Oriental 


Edgecombe 

Randolph 

Stanly 


142 


Orrum... 


Staley 


260 


Pactolus 


Stanfield 


47! 


Palmyra.. 


Halifax 

Beaufort- 

Sampson 

Robeson 

Martin 


Stantonsburg 

Star ... 


Wilson 


897 


Pantego 


Montgomery 

Cumberland 

Granville 

Pitt .. 


745 


Parkersburg . 


Stedman 


458 


Parkton 


Stem 


221 


Parmele 


Stokes 


195 


Patterson 


CaldweU 

Anson 


Stone ville.. ... 


Rockingham 

Pamlico. 

Granville 

Lee 


951 


Peachland 


Stonewall 


214 


PikeviUe 


Wayne 


Stovall 


570 


Pinebluff 


Moore 


Swan Station 

Teacheys 


190 


Pine Level 


Johnston 

Beaufort 

Lenoir 


Duplin... 


187 


Pinetown . 


Todd 


Ashe . 


1 62 


Pink Hill... 


Watauga.. 

Vance 


Polkton.-.. 


Anson 


195 


Pollocksville . 


Jones... 


Trenton 


Jones 

Craven 


404 




Bertie .. 


Trent Woods 

Trinity 


517 


Powellsville 


Randolph 

Idedell 


88! 


Princeton 


Johnston 

Edgecombe 

Robeson 

Burke 


Troutman . 


648 


Prince ville... 


Turkey 


Sampson 

Union. 


199 


Proctorville 




119 


Rhodhiss | 

Richfield 




Craven 


806 


CaldweU 

Stanly 


Vandemere . . 


Pamlico 

Moore 


452 


Robbinsville.. . 


Graham 

Richmond 

Rowan 


Vass 


767 


Roberdel 


Vaughn . . . 


Warren 

Cleveland 

Scotland 

Greene 


122 


Rockwell.. 


Waco.. 


256 


Rolesville.. ... 


Wake 


Wagram 


562 


Ronda 


Wilkes 


Walstonburg 

Warrensville 

Washington Park 

Watha 


191 


Roper 


Washington 

Transylvania 

Bertie 


Ashe.... 


116 


Rosman 


Beaufort 

Pender 


574 


Roxobel ,. 


174 


Ruth 


Rutherford 

Sampson 

Polk 


Waxhaw 


Union 


729 


Salemburg 


Webster 


Jackson 

Bladen 


166 


Saluda... 


White Lake 


130 


Saratoga 


Wilson 


Wilson Mills -. 

Winfall 


Johnston.. 

Perquimans 

Hertford 

Franklin 

Northampton... 
Bertie 


280 


Seaboard 


Northampton... 
Randolph 

Wayne 


269 


Seagrove . 


Winton 


835 


Seven Springs . . .. 


Wood 


94 


Severn 


Northampton... 

Brunswick 

Edgecombe 

Nash 


Woodland 


651 


Shallotte 


Wood ville 

Wrightaville Beach.. 

Yadkin College 

Yaupon Beach 

Youngs ville 


344 


Sharpsburg . < 


New Hanover... 

Davidson 

Brunswick 

Franklin 


723 
75 




Wilson 


89 


Shelmerdine . . 


Pitt 


596 


Simpson 


Pitt 






Sims 


Wilson. 











138 



North Cauolin.v M.\ni-.\i. 



POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES 
AS OF APRIL 1, 1960 



Area 



United States 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana... 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri... 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon.. 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

District of Columbia 



Population 


Increase. 1950 to 1960 


1960 


1950 


Number 


Percent 


179,323,175 


151,325,798 


27.997.377 


18.5 


3,266,740 


3,061.743 


204,997 


6.7 


226,167 


128,643 


97,524 


75.8 


1,302,161 


749,587 


552.574 


73.7 


1,786,272 


1,909,511 


-123,239 


—6 5 


15,717,204 


10,586,223 


5,130,981 


48.5 


1,753,947 


1,325,089 


428,858 


32.4 


2,. 535, 234 


2.007,280 


527,964 


26.3 


446,292 


318,085 


128,207 


40.3 


4,951,561 


2.771,305 


2,180,255 


78.7 


3,943,116 


3,444,578 


498,538 


14.5 


632,772 


499,794 


132,978 


26.6 


667,191 


588,637 


78,554 


13.3 


10,081,158 


8,712,176 


1,368,982 


15.7 


4,662,498 


3,934,224 


728,274 


18 5 


2,757,537 


2,621,073 


136,464 


5.2 


2,178,611 


1,905,299 


273,312 


14.3 


3,038,156 


2,944,806 


93,350 


3.2 


3,257,022 


2,683,516 


573,506 


21.4 


969,265 


913,774 


55,491 


6.1 


3,100,689 


2,343,001 


757,688 


32.3 


5,148,578 


4.690,514 


458,064 


9.8 


7.823,194 


6,371,766 


1,451.428 


22.8 


3,413,864 


2.982,483 


431,381 


14.5 


2,178,141 


2,178,914 


-773 


(') 


4,319.813 


3.954,653 


365,160 


9.2 


674,767 


591,024 


83,743 


14.2 


1.411,330 


1,325,510 


85,820 


6 5 


285.278 


160,083 


125,195 


78.2 


606,921 


533,242 


73,679 


13.8 


6,066,782 


4,835,329 


1,231,453 


25.5 


951,023 


681,187 


269,836 


39.6 


16,782,304 


14,830,192 


1,952,112 


13.2 


4,556,155 


4,061,929 


494.226 


12.2 


632,446 


619,636 


12.810 


2.1 


9,706,397 


7,946,627 


1,759,770 


22.1 


2,328,284 


2,233,351 


94,933 


4.3 


1,768,687 


1,521,341 


247.348 


16.3 


11,319,366 


10,498,012 


821,354 


7.8 


859,488 


791,896 


67,592 


8.5 


2,382,594 


2,117.027 


285.567 


12 5 


680,514 


652,740 


27,774 


4.3 


3,567.089 


3,291,718 


275,371 


8.4 


9,579,677 


7,711,194 


1,868,483 


24 2 


890,627 


688,862 


201,765 


29.3 


389,881 


377,747 


12,134 


3.2 


3,966,949 


3,318,680 


648,269 


19.5 


2,853,214 


2,378,963 


474,251 


19.9 


1,860,421 


2,005,552 


-145,131 


-7.2 


3,951,777 


3,434,575 


517,202 


15.1 


330,066 


290,529 


39,537 


13.6 


763,956 


802,178 


-38,222 


—4.8 



•Less than 0.1 percent. 



PART III 
POLITICAL 



State Congressic 




Districts -1968 




141 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Chapter 1109, Session Laws 1967) 

First District — Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Craven, Curri- 
tuck. Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Jones, Lenoir, Martin, Pamlico, 
Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington. 

Second District — Edgecombe, Franklin, Granville, Greene, Halifax, 
Nash, Northampton, Person, Vance, Warren, Wilson. 

Third District — Carteret, Duplin, Harnett, Johnston, Onslow, 
Pender, Sampson, Wayne. 

Fourth District — Chatham, Durham, Orange, Randolph, Wake. 

Fifth District — 'Alleghany, Ashe, Davidson, Davie, Forsyth, 
Stokes, Surry, Yadkin. 

Sixth District — Alamance. Caswell, Guilford, Rockingham. 

Seventh District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, 
Hoke, New Hanover, Robeson. 

Eighth District — Anson, Cabarrus, Lee, Montgomery, Moore, 
Richmond, Rowan, Scotland, Stanly, Union. 

Ninth District — Iredell, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Wilkes. 

TentJi District — Alexander, Avery, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, 
Cleveland, Gaston, Watauga. 

Eleventh District — Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, 
Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, 
Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Yancey. 

JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

(Superior and District Courts) 
First Division 

First District — Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Pas- 
quotank, Perquimans. 

Second District— Beaufort, Hyde, Martin, Tyrrell, Washington. 
Third District — Carteret, Craven, Pamlico, Pitt. 
Fourth District — Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Sampson. 
Fifth District — New Hanover, Pender. 

143 



144 NoKTii Cauomna Maniiai, 

Sixth District — Bertie, Halifax, Hertford, Northampton. 
Seventh District — Edgecombe, Nash, Wilson. 
Eighth District — Greene, Lenoir, Wayne. 

Second Division 

Ninth District — Franklin, Granville, Person, Vance, Warren. 

Tenth District — Wake. 

Eleventh District — Harnett, Johnston, Lee. 

Twelfth District — Cumberland, Hoke. 

Thirteenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus. 

Fourteenth District — Durham. 

Fifteenth District — Alamance, Chatham, Orange. 

Sixteenth District — Robeson, Scotland. 

Third Division 
Seventeenth District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 
Eighteenth District — Guilford. 

Ninteenth District — Cabarrus, Montgomery, Randolph, Rowan. 
Twentieth District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Stanly, Union. 
Twenty-first District — Forsyth. 

Twenty-second District — Alexander, Davidson, Davie, Iredell. 
Twenty-third District — Alleghany, Ashe, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Fourth Division 

Twenty-fourth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell, Watauga, 
Yancey. 

Twenty-fifth District — Burke, Caldwell, Catawba. 

Ttventy-sixth District — Mecklenburg. 

Twenty -seventh District — Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln. 

Twenty-eighth District — Buncombe. 

Twenty-ninth District — Henderson, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, 
Transylvania. 

Thirtieth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, 
Macon, Swain. 



District Divisions 145 

SOLICITORIAL DISTRICTS 

First District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, 
Gates, Hyde, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell. 

Second District — Edgecombe, Martin, Nash, Washington, Wilson. 

Third District — Bertie, Granville, Halifax, Hertford, Northamp- 
ton, Vance, Warren. 

Fourth District — Harnett, Johnston, Lee, Wayne. 

Fifth District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Pamlico, Pitt. 

Sixth District — Duplin, Lenoir, Onslow, Sampson. 

Seventh District — Franklin, Wake. 

Eighth District — Brunswick, Columbus, New Hanover, Pender. 

Ninth District — Cumberland, Hoke. 

Ninth-A District — Bladen, Robeson. 

Tenth District — Durham. 

Tenth-A District — Alamance, Orange, Chatham, Person. 

Eleventh District — Ashe, Alleghany, Forsyth. 

Twelfth District — Davidson, Guilford. 

Thirteenth District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Stanly, 
Union. 

Fourteenth District — Gaston. 

Fourteenth-A District — Mecklenburg. 

Fifteenth District — Alexander, Cabarrus, Iredell, Montgomery, 
Randolph, Rowan. 

Sixteenth DisfWct— Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cleveland, Lin- 
coln, Watauga. 

Seventeenth District — Avery, Davie, Mitchell, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Eighteenth District — Henderson, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, 
Transylvania, Yancey. 

Nineteenth District — Buncombe, Madison. 

Twentieth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jack- 
son, Macon, Swain. 

Twenty-first District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 



146 NoKTH Carolina Manual 

APPORTIONMENT OF SENATORS BY DISTRICTS 

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1960 

AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 1, Extra Session Laws 1966) 

First District — Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Curritucli;, Gates, Hert- 
ford, Northampton, Pasquotank, Perquimans and Washington shall 
elect two senators. 

Second District — Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin and Tyrrell shall 
elect one senator. 

Third District — Carteret, Craven and Pamlico shall elect one 
senator. 

Fourth District — Edgecombe, Halifax, Pitt and Warren shall elect 
two senators. 

Fifth District — Greene, Jones and Lenoir shall elect one senator. 

Sixth District — Onslow shall elect one senator. 

Seventh District — Franklin, Granville and Vance shall elect one 
senator. 

Eighth District — Johnston, Nash and Wilson shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Ninth District — Wayne shall elect one senator. 

Tenth District — Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson shall 
elect two senators. 

Eleventh District — Durham, Orange and Person shall elect two 
senators. 

Tivelfth District — Wake shall elect two senators. 

Thirteenth District — Chatham, Harnett and Lee shall elect one 
senator. 

Fourteenth District — Cumberland and Hoke shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Fifteenth District — Bladen, Brunswick and Columbus shall elect 
one senator. 

Sixteenth District — Caswell and Rockingham shall elect one sena- 
tor. 



District Divisions 147 

Seventeenth District — Alamance shall elect one senator. 

Eighteenth District — Guilford and Randolph shall elect three sena- 
tors. 

Nineteenth District — Davidson, Montgomery, Moore, Richmond and 
Scotland shall elect two senators. 

Twentieth District — Robeson shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-first District — Alleghany, Ashe, Stokes and Surry shall 
elect one senator. 

Twenty-second District — Forsyth shall elect two senators. 

Twenty-third District— Rowan shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-fourth District — Anson, Cabarrus, Stanly and Union shall 
elect two senators. 

Twenty-fifth District — Davie, Watauga, Wilkes and Yadkin shall 
elect one senator. 

Twenty-sixth District — Alexander, Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln 
shall elect two senators. 

Twenty-seventh District — Mecklenburg shall elect three senators. 

Twenty-eighth District^Burlie and Caldwell shall elect one sena- 
tor. 

Twenty-ninth District — Cleveland and Gaston shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Thirtieth District — Avery, McDowell and Rutherford shall elect 
one senator. 

Thirty-first District — Buncombe, Madison, Mitchell and Yancey 
shall elect two senators. 

Thirty-second District — Haywood, Henderson and Polk shall elect 
one senator. 

Thirty-third District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Jackson, Macon, 
Swain and Transylvania shall elect one senator. 



APPORTIONMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF REPRESENTATIVES BY DISTRICTS IN 

ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1960 

(Chapter 5, Extra Session Laws 1966) 

First District^Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Pasquotank 
and Perquimans shall elect two representatives. 

Second District— Beautort, Dare, Hyde, Tyrrell and Washington 
shall elect two representatives. 

Third District— Carteret, Craven and Pamlico shall elect three 
representatives. 

Fourth District — Onslow and Pender shall elect three representa- 
tives. 

Fifth District — New Hanover shall elect two representatives. 

Sixth District — Bertie, Hertford and Northampton shall elect two 
representatives. 

Seventh District — Halifax and Martin shall elect two representa- 
tives. 

Eighth District — Pitt shall elect two representatives. 

Ninth District — Greene, Jones and Lenoir shall elect two repre- 
sentatives. 

Tenth District — Wayne shall elect two representatives. 

Eleventh District — Duplin shall elect one representative. 

Twelfth District — Bladen and Sampson shall elect two representa- 
tives. 

Thirteenth District — Brunswick and Columbus shall elect two 
representatives. 

Fourteenth District— KAgecomhe and Nash shall elect three rep- 
resentatives. 

Fifteenth District— io\\\\ston and Wilson shall elect three repre- 
sentatives. 

Sixteenth District — Franklin, Vance and Warren shall elect two 
representatives. 

148 



District Divisions 149 

Seventeenth District — Caswell, Granville and Person shall elect 
two representatives. 

Eighteenth District — Durham shall elect three representatives. 

Nineteenth District — Wake shall elect four representatives. 

Twentieth District — Chatham and Orange shall elect two repre- 
sentatives. 

Twenty-first District— Alamance shall elect two representatives. 

Twenty-second District — Harnett and Lee shall elect two repre- 
sentatives. 

Ttventy-third District — Cumberland shall elect four representa- 
tives. 

Twenty-fourth District — Hoke, Robeson and Scotland shall elect 
four representatives. 

Txventy-fifth District — Rockingham shall elect two representa- 
tives. 

Twenty-sixth District — Guilford shall elect six representatives. 

Twenty-seventh District — Montgomery and Randolph shall elect 
two representatives. 

Twenty-eighth District — Moore shall elect one representative. 

Twenty-ninth District — Richmond shall elect one representative. 

Thirtieth District — Forsyth shall elect five representatives. 

Thirty-first District — Davidson shall elect two representatives. 

Thirty-second District — Stanly shall elect one representative. 

Thirty-third District — Anson and Union shall elect two representa- 
tives. 

Thirty-fourth District — Rowan shall elect two representatives. 

Thirty-fifth District — Cabarrus shall elect two representatives. 

Thirty-sixth District — Mecklenburg shall elect seven representa- 
tives. 

Thirty-seventh District — Alleghany, Ashe, Stokes and Surry shall 
elect three representatives. 



150 NoKi'ii Carolina Manual 

Thirty-eighth District- — Wilkes and Yadkin shall elect two repre- 
sentatives. 

Thirty-ninth District — Davie and Iredell shall elect two representa- 
tives. 

Fortieth District — Catawba shall elect two representatives. 

Forty-first District — Gaston and Lincoln shall elect four repre- 
sentatives. 

Forty-second District — Alexander, Burke and Caldwell shall elect 
three representatives. 

Forty-third District — Cleveland, Polk and Rutherford shall elect 
three representatives. 

Forty-fourth District — Avery, Mitchell and Watauga shall elect 
one representative. 

Forty-fifth District — Buncombe and McDowell shall elect four 
representatives. 

Forty-sixth District — Henderson shall elect one representative. 

Forty-seventh District — Haywood, Madison and Yancey shall elect 
two representatives. 

Forty-eighth Diistrict — Jackson, Swain and Transylvania shall 
elect one representative. 

Forty-ninth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham and Macon shall 
elect one representative. 



NORTH CAROLINA DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM 

FOR 1968 

The North Carolina Democratic Party commends to the voters 
of North Carolina the support of its platform, on the strength 
of its principles, its performance, and its promise for the future. 

DEMOCRATIC PARTY AFFAIRS 

The Democratic Party in North Carolina is the party of the 
people, the party of faith, and the party of progress — herein lies 
its strength. It has given the State a reservoir of experienced, 
dedicated leadership at all levels of government — leadership that 
welcomes the challenge of changing times, leadership that has 
resulted in progress in all areas affecting the welfare of our 
people. 

Today as never before we face problems, but the opportunities 
of this most complex and exciting era far outweigh the problems. 
Democratic leadership in our State accepts gladly the responsibili- 
ties that accompany both the problems and the opportunities, and 
stands united to continue building a better State for all the 
people. 

STATE GOVERNMENT 
Executive: 

The continuity of good government for North Carolina has been 
maintained and furthered under the progressive and stable lead- 
ership of Governor Dan K. Moore. The growth and progress of 
our State toward total development could not have been realized 
without the devoted service of State employees. We salute them 
for their contributions to our State and pledge to them just com- 
pensation and further study of possible benefits that would en- 
courage the obtainment and retainment of qualified employees for 
the State of North Carolina. 

We recognize with gratitude the contributions of the citizens 
of this State who give unselfishly of their time and talents through 
service on advisory boards of State institutions, agencies, and 
councils. 

151 



152 NoiM'ii C.vKor.iNA Manual 

We commend the executive and administrative branches of our 
State government for their records of sound and economic gov- 
ernment. We call upon them with confidence to expand their 
efforts so that the continued growth of our State will be accom- 
panied by even greater efficiency and sound business practices. 
Ijegislative: 

The North Carolina Democratic Party pledges its continued 
support to the General Assembly, which, under Democratic lead- 
ership has passed progressive laws for more than six decades. 
We have confidence in the wisdom and judgment of the members 
of the General Assembly to serve the people to the best of their 
ability by passing legislation that will make North Carolina a 
better place to live and its people liappier, healthier, and more 
prosperous. 

Judiciary : 

An efficient and impartial judicial system is essential to the 
preservation of the blessings of liberty and the maintenance of 
law and order in a democracy. The Democratic Party has con- 
ceived and supported constitutional amendments and laws de- 
signed to improve the administration of justice in North Carolina. 
The new Court of Appeals, with the addition of a uniform system 
of District Courts, provides a firm basis for an improved judicial 
system. The Democratic Party will continue its efforts to imple- 
ment and strengthen this important cornerstone of democracy. 



AGRICtrLTURE 

The Democratic Party has historically recognized agriculture 
as an important segment of our economy, and as vital to the 
health, welfare, and defense of this Nation. It has consistently 
supported State and National programs designed to bring farmers 
a fair share of the national prosperity and to provide our citizens 
with an abundance of high quality farm products. 

North Carolina agricultural programs have kept pace with 
changing times and are now geared to serving farmers as well 
as processors and consumers of farm production in a manner that 
will be to the maximum benefit of all concerned. We pledge our 
vigorous support and unstinted efforts to such programs. We 



Democratic Platform 153 

will continue to strive to meet new needs arising from rapid 
changes taking place in today's world. We pledge our State 
continued advancement in agricultural research and development. 
The Democratic Party supports the efforts of farmers to receive 
a fair return on their investment and we pledge support of pro- 
grams for training rural people and displaced farm workers for 
gainful employment. 

The Democratic Party is dedicated to work toward full and 
profitable utilization of all its abundant agricultural resources, 
both natural and human. 



CONSTITUTION 

We recommend that our Constitution be subjected to periodic 
study to the end that it may fill he needs of modern life and at the 
same time save us from governmental excesses. 



CORRECTIONAL PROGRAMS 

Emphasis on programs of education, vocational training and 
counseling in the North Carolina Department of Corrections is 
heartily approved by the Democratic Party. We believe that this 
enlightened approach is a sound method by which prison inmates 
can return to society as responsible, contributing citizens. The 
same approach is evident in juvenile correction programs and in 
probation and paroles programs. We commend the Department 
of Corrections on the manner in which it has dealt successfully 
with riots and violence within the system. 



COUNTIES, CITIES AND TOWNS 

North Carolina's urban areas will need special support and 
attention. The shift in population from rural to urban has 
brought unique problems to counties, cities, and towns. 

The Democratic Party suggests that a department concerned 
with urban affairs be established to work closely with the coun- 
ties, cities and towns to provide technical assistance and plan- 
ning advice. 



154 NoKTii CARor.iNA Manual 

Such a department would be helpful as a central clearing agen- 
cy, where representatives from the counties, cities and towns will 
find workable answers to their problems. 



ECONOMIC DEVnEIyOPMKNT 

The Industrial climate created by successive Democratic ad- 
ministrations, through sound fiscal policies, reasonable tax levels 
fairly administered, values received for tax dollars spent, pro- 
gressive educational programs at all levels, with emphasis in 
recent years on providing industrial education opportunities for 
the 2/3 of our citizens who do not go to college, have combined 
with our natural resources and assets to enable North Carolina 
to become the leader among the Southeastern states in industrial 
development. 

Successively, each of the last five (5) Democratic administra- 
tions has directed programs greatly exceeding its predecessor, in 
investments in new plants and plant expansions. Results were: 

1949-52 $ 405 million 

1953-56 438 million 

1957-60 851 million 

1961-64 1,295 million 

1965-67 (3 yrs.) 1,758 million 

New jobs created were: 

1949-52 65,000 

1953-56 69,000 

1957-60 10 5,000 

1961-64 120,000 

1965-67 (3 yrs.) 99.000 

Estimated average annual wage at time created: 

19 49-5 2 $2 476 

1953-56 2481 

1957-60 3250 

1961-64 3388 

1965-67 3904 



Democratic Platform 155 

In the most recent 10 years, the North Carolina per capita in- 
come has increased from $2,045 to $2,945, or by 43%. 

The Democratic Party pledges continued efforts to increase the 
effectiveness of our state's port facilities. We are mindful of the 
fine contribution our ports have made to the economic and busi- 
ness growth of the state. These facilities should be developed to 
the fullest extent. 

Our salt water resources are of prime importance. We pledge 
our party's continued efforts to preserve and utilize for the 
greatest good our salt water resources. We pledge our coopera- 
tion in the further development of the state's fishing industry, 
realizing the strategic importance of this segment of the economy. 

The Democratic Party believes that these upward trends prove 
the soundness of Democratic policies, and pledges every effort to 
continue to accelerate economic development of the State. 

EDUCATION 

The Democratic Party in North Carolina has always given 
priority to education in an effort to provide a more abundant lilfe 
for the citizens of the State. We believe that adequate education 
of all children and adults is both a sacred human obligation and 
a sound business practice. 

Because the people, the State and the Democratic Party believe 
education to be a trustworthy foundation for all progress — cul- 
tural, economic, social and political — they have accepted a com- 
mitment to support their schools, colleges, and universities gen- 
erously. They are pledged to put the public schools first, for 
here, and nowhere else, a program of progress touches every 
man's child, regardless of race, economic status, and place of 
birth. Here is laid the foundation on which all higher education 
must be built. 

Thousands of young people are choosing the promising careers 
offered by North Carolina's wide-spread system of technical insti- 
tutes and community colleges. These institutions are commended 
for the excellent opportunities they have created and have the 
full support and encouragement of the Democratic Party. 

Higher education completes the system of educational oppor- 
tunity required for total development of our human and natural 
resources. Strong support will continue to be given to university 
and four-year college education and community college educa- 
tion. 



State Senatori 




156 



)istricts-1966 




157 



158 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

We endorse as a necessary objective the attainment and main- 
tainment of at least the national average in per pupil expendi- 
tures, the salaries of all professional public school personnel, and 
other areas of school employees, all to the end that North Caro- 
lina might retain more of the teachers it is training and to assure 
the highest quality teachers and provide the best possible educa- 
tion for the public school children of any State. 

We support the proposition that all public school children of 
our State, both urban and rural, receive equal benefits in regards 
to school transportation. 

The Democratic Party strongly believes that any person or 
persons guilty of interfering with the normal operation of our 
public schools and state supported colleges and universities should 
be severely punished. We condemn these interruptions which 
have been carried out by a small minority of our citizens. 

We also believe that the school facilities should be available 
for use during the summer months for kindergarten programs, 
expanded opportunities in vocational education, and enriched cur- 
ricula and remedial courses. 

A strong educational system is the lodestone that attracts men, 
women, and business to North Carolina, for through education 
we develop both our human and natural resources. 

ELECTIONS AND ELECTION LAA\ S 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina fervently subscribes 
to the cherished freedom of an election process that is an instru- 
ment of expression for all the people, and rededicates itself to 
those principles by which our party engendered the enviable 
election process enjoyed in our State. 

We recognize the contribution of our election officials to the 
continuance of an election process made operative without inter- 
ference. The Democratic Party hereby pledges to consistently 
select those individuals who will contribute to the further streng- 
thening of that process through fair and impartial administration 
of the election law. 

We further commit our energies toward the accomplishment 
of meaningful improvements in the election laws commensurate 
with the progress made by the 19 67 General Assembly through 
unanimous support of the Democratic leadership and the vigorous 
endorsement of Governor Moore. 



DkMOCKATIC Pl.AIKOKM If)!* 

FISCAL AFFAIRS 

North Carolina is iu excellent financial condition. The bonds 
ot our State are rated AAA — the highest rating available to 
state bonds. North Carolina's high and enviable rei)utation in 
fiscal affairs is due to the fact that sound business principles and 
fiscal integrity have been the basis of our State's fiscal policy for 
well over sixty years. 

However, as important as fiscal affairs are, the Democrats of 
North Carolina believe that sound fiscal policies are but a means 
to an end, and that end is the welfare and happiness of all our 
people. 

HFUITAGK AND CTTLTURE 

Historically, North Carolina is blessed with a great heritage 
that should be preserved for future generations. The North 
Carolina Democratic Party has supported and will continue to 
promote the preservation and restoration of historic sites and the 
expansion of museum facilities so that its citizens and those 
who visit the State may become better informed about its glorious 
past. The North Carolina Symphony and the North Carolina 
Museum of Art continue to attract national attention in their 
programs for our people. 

HIGHWAY SAFETY 

North Carolina General Assemblies, with the forceful endorse- 
ment of successive Democratic Governors, have laid sound foun- 
dations on which to build model traffic safety programs. Today, 
all affected State Departments, assisted by a Highway Safety Re- 
search Center, are implementing a coordinated campaign against 
death, injury, and property loss. 

Last year, North Carolina's highway deaths showed a reduction 
on the basis of total miles traveled. Scientific studies of the 
contributing factors leading to these tragedies will certainly as- 
sist all those directly concerned with the continuing effort to save 
lives. The Democratic Party endorses these studies and the use of 
every modern technique available to help reduce traffic fatalities. 
Public support groups are earnestly requested to sustain these 
efforts and the various women's organizations are commended for 
their continuing and active participation in safety programs. 



160 Noinii Cauoi.iiva Manii.m. 

HIGHWAYS 

All areas of North Carolina want and need highway and road 
improvements. 

From the East, to the Piedmont, and into the West, the State 
needs more and better roads and hip;hways in order to serve the 
continuing growth and expansion of all of Tar Heelia. 

The Democratic Party pledges itself to support all efforts to 
expand and improve the existing highway system. 

We pledge road building programs that will provide a fair and 
equitable system of highways in all areas of the State. 

HIMAX RELATIONS 

The North Carolina Democratic Party believes that society owes 
to each citizen the opportunity to progress to the limit of his 
individual ability, interests, and talents, and that each citizen 
also has obligations and responsibilities to society. 

The North Carolina Good Neighbor Council, now a statutory 
agency, has increased its operational staff and expanded its ef- 
forts in equal employment programs. We believe that much of 
the progress made in recent years in human relations in our state 
is in large measure the result of the work of the Council. 

We commend the establishment of local Good Neighbor or 
Human Relations Councils across the State to supplement the 
work of the State Council, and we recommend further that these 
councils and State and local governmental units encourage pro- 
grams that will seek to eliminate slums and support programs 
providing adequate housing and encourage education, training 
and employment of all people. 

LAHOU 

We pledge our continued support for humane labor laws, safe 
and healthful working conditions, just Workmen's Compensation, 
and a fair and equitable Unemployment Insurance program. 

We support laws guaranteeing employees the right to work 
and employers the right to conduct their businesses under the 
laws. We urge increased use of trade and industrial education 
and ap])renticeship training programs to upgrade working skills 
in order to prepare workers for the numerous employment op- 
portunities constantly being created by modern technology 



Democratic Platform 161 

North Carolina is the only state in the Southeast with a State 
Minimum Wage Law for the protection of workers, and for the 
enactment of this law we commend the North Carolina Demo- 
cratic General Assembly. 

We recommend that women be given equal pay for equal work 
and equal promotion for equal preparation. 

We applaud North Carolina workers and North Carolina in- 
dustry for their outstanding record in productivity and safety. 

LAW AND ORDER 

The Democratic Party has an abiding faith in the ability of 
all our people to live together in peace and harmony, and to settle 
any differences within the framework of established legal pro- 
cedures. We pledge to protect the life and property of all our 
citizens. 

Rioters, looters, arsonists, those who individually intimidate 
or in mass destroy property or harm persons, and those who in- 
cite, encourage, or aid and abet in any way in the aforesaid vio- 
lations of the law. must be apprehended, and placed on trial for 
those intolerable offenses. Laws govern man, and no man has the 
right to infringe on the rights of others, either through force or 
intimidation. , . 

The lives of people and their property must be protected and 
those who would destroy or harm the same must be made to 
realize that the criminal penalties are severe and that law en- 
forcement personnel will do their duty in the face of any threat- 
ened lawlessness. 

We commend the law enforcement personnel in North Carolina 
for loyal service, a high code of ethics, and improved skills. We 
believe in upgrading the law enforcement profession, establishing 
a statewide communications network linking all enforcement 
agencies, and working with our young people to bolster respect 
for law and order. 

We believe our enforcement personnel must be trained pro- 
fessionally and equipped to handle the job of maintaining order. 

We believe local government must be supported fully and en- 
couraged to take part in more effective programs for their en- 
forcement personnel. 



162 NoKTii Cakomna Manttal 

Wo believe law breakers must be dealt with firmly and fairly. 
Our judges and juries must act responsibly and impartially. 
Equal justice rests in their hands. 

Effectively maintaining law and order is more than preparing 
enforcement personnel for riot control duty. 

We strongly believe that effective law and order is a day-in and 
day-out responsibility of all the people. 

Our public schools must implement programs that will instill 
more respect for law and order and at the same time teach moral 
values to our young people. 

We realize that we must eliminate conditions that breed vio- 
lence and disorder. Violence is not the answer to improving a 
situation. 

We can and will give the leadership to meet the problems of 
unrest. We will take a hard look at our environment and strive 
diligently to eliminate the ills of society that create lawlessness 
and crime. 

MENTAL HEALTH 

Recognizing mental illness, mental retardation, and alcoholism 
as major causes of disability and suffering among North Carolina 
citizens, we endorse North Carolina's programs to combat and 
control by medical and other means these serious threats to the 
well-being of our people. 

The Democratic Party is proud of the progress in these fields. 
We pledge our continued support to the North Carolina General 
Assembly for its efforts in responding to the needs for increased 
and improved mental health care, whose efforts are exemplified 
by the appropriation of funds to establish three new Alcoholic 
Rehabilitation Centers to serve the East, the Piedmont, and the 
West. 

We support and encourage stepped-up programs to aid mentally 
handicapped children and adolescents with particular emphasis 
on the following: 

1. Extending our residential care of the mentally retarded to 
include severely disabled retarded children over the age of 
six years. 



Democratic Platform 163 

2. Development of new and expanded training programs to 
train professional and non-professional workers with chil- 
dren and adolescents. 

3. Additional community resources for evaluation, treatment, 
day care, and school programs for mentally and emotionally 
handicapped children and adolescents. 

We endorse the continuation and strengthening of the present 
program of research and evaluation to uncover the causes of 
mental disabilities and to continue to improve methods of treat- 
ment and rehabilitation. 

NATURAL RESOURCES 

Next to its citizens, our State's natural resources are its greatest 
asset. North Carolina is abundantly endowed with these God- 
given resources, which exist to benefit man. We regard our nat- 
ural resources as a sacred trust, realizing that not only should 
this generation enjoy their benefits but that we should insure 
that future generations be similarly privileged. 

The Democratic Party will promote the continued conservation, 
preservation and wise use of our forests, waters, and wildlife and 
further the development of a statewide program of air and water 
pollution control. We will also increase the opportunities for 
more healthful outdoor recreational facilities. 

PATRIOTISM •' ' 

The North Carolina Democratic Party, in humble recognition of 
the unselfish and courageous efforts of those who have served 
this State and Nation so gallantly in time of peril, hereby ex- 
presses appreciation for their service. 

We believe that every school child should be informed of his 
heritage as an American and of the great opportunities in his 
country and state. We believe that increased emphasis should 
be placed on patriotism and love of our country. We encourage 
the study of history as it reports events concerning the defense 
of freedom. We wholeheartedly recommend the placing of a 
United States flag and a North Carolina flag in each school in our 
State to reflect the loyal devotion of Tar Heel citizens to our 
Democratic principles. 



164 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

We oppose draft card burning, interference with the proper 
activities of our educational institutions by students or outsiders, 
refusal to serve our country when needed, and expression of dis- 
loyalty to State or Nation. 

We support and applaud the efforts of those North Carolinians 
now serving in the armed forces of the United States and the 
North Carolina National Guard, and we are eternally grateful 
to those fine Americans, who have given the last full measure of 
devotion. We memorialize these men and express sorrow to 
their families. 



PUBLIC HEALTH 

North Carolina has pioneered in the field of public health and 
the Democratic Party advocates continued improvement of public 
health services through close cooperation of local. State and Fed- 
eral agencies to insure adequate protection for all its people. 
We must deal effectively with chronic diseases and environmental 
health factors. We must continue educational activities in all 
areas where such activities have proven to be effective health 
measures. 

We endorse more comprehensive programs for maternal and 
child health. We support the program to eradicate those com- 
municable diseases for which effective immunizing agents are 
available, as well as the continued reduction of all acute com- 
municable diseases. 

Realizing that the health and well-being of our citizens is 
related directly to their environment, it is our purpose to work to 
assure that the homes of all North Carolinians, urban and rural, 
are free of health hazards and are constructed and maintained 
as to promote their health and well-being. 

We commend the cooperative program between the State Health 
Department and the State Department of Motor Vehicles to im- 
prove the medical aspects of driver licensing to remove poten- 
tially dangerous drivers with physical or mental conditions, and 
for the Department's work in the area of alcohol in relation to 
highway safety. 



Democratic Platform 165 

PUBIilO LIBRARIES 

The Democratic Party pledges itself to promote increased State 
financial support to public libraries and to reemphasize the public 
library as a vital part of the total educational program of North 
Carolina. 

SENIOR CITIZENS 

The Democratic Party says to each of North Carolina's senior 
citizens that you are of vital importance to the economic, social 
and cultural life of the State. We pledge continued support to 
the agencies with responsibilities to senior citizens. We further 
pledge to help revitalize the social and economic well-being of our 
Senior Citizens by providing a wholesome environment for en- 
riched living; to help prepare adults for increased enjoyment of 
the years of later maturity; to help senior citizens enter these 
years with good health, with a basis of economic security and an 
opportunity to enjoy individual dignity; to build effective pro- 
grams of education and recreation; to promote employment oppor- 
tunities to plan ahead so that when the present generation reaches 
the years of later maturity, they will be better adjusted to this 
period of life for healthy and respectable living. 

TAXATION 

The Democratic Party will work diligently to prevent an in- 
crease in State taxes. Our State remains at one of the nation's 
lowest levels of combined state and local taxation per capita 
and at the same time offers public service programs which con- 
tinually rate national attention. 

We advocate continued emphasis on the businesslike, econom- 
ical administration of government; a tax structure that equitably 
distributes the cost of services required from government, and 
extension, if economic conditions permit, of increased personal 
exemptions approved by the 19 67 General Assembly to corre- 
spond further with federal income tax exemptions. 

VKTERANS 

Our Party acknowledges the debt owed by the State to its 
veterans and pledges its support to the continuance and further 



166 North Carolina Manual 

expansion of programs designed to help them in securing em- 
ployment, educational opportunities, and medical benefits. We 
will give continuing support to those agencies whose responsi- 
bilities relate to veterans and the widows and orphans of veterans. 

WELFARE 

We will continue our interest in and support of public welfare, 
with special emphasis on programs designed to help persons be- 
come self-sufficient, contributing citizens. Recognizing that there 
will always be in our society those needy persons too old to 
work, too young to work, or too disabled to work, the Party sup- 
ports programs of financial assistance designed to care for these 
indigent citizens and to provide adequate medical services for 
them. 

The Democratic Party recognizes that the prevention and al- 
leviation of poverty are legitimate concerns of government and 
merit action not only by public welfare departments but by the 
entire community. 

Cooperative efforts at both the community and state level and 
the translation of this cooperation into reality will effectively re- 
duce poverty in North Carolina. 

YOUTH 

We recognize that each young person in the State is part of 
the foundation on which to build both today and tomorrow. We 
encourage youth to obtain the best possible education in order to 
develop an appreciation for the better things of life and to pre- 
pare for the fulfillment of their obligation as citizens. We en- 
courage those who have dropped their formal education to re- 
enroll or to enter a Community College or Technical Institute. 
At present, more than 85 per cent of our population is within 
commuting distance of our State's 50 Community Colleges. 

We shall continue to instill in young people an appreciation of 
good government, not only by example but by involving them in 
government. Through continued encouragement, our Young Dem- 
ocrats and Teen Dems are learning and practicing the fundamen- 
tals of good government. 

We recognize the achievements of our youth and reaffirm our 
confidence in them. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

ARTICLE I 

PRECINCT ORGANIZATION 
Section 1. Precinct Committee: 

The unit of the Democratic Party organization in the State of 
North Carolina shall be the voting precinct. In each precinct 
there shall be an executive committee consisting of ten registered 
and active Democrats, who reside full time in the precinct, five 
of whom shall be women and five of whom shall be men, who 
should be present when elected by the Democratic voters of said 
precinct at the precinct meeting called by the Chairman of the 
County Executive Committee as provided in this plan of organ- 
ization. The precinct committee so elected shall elect from its 
membership a Chairman and Vice Chairman, one of whom shall be 
a woman and the other of whom shall be a man, and a Secretary- 
Treasurer, provided, however, the Chairman and Vice Chairman 
shall not be from the same immediate family. 

Section 2. Precinct Meeting: 

The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chairman 
of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chairman 
of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both the 
chairman and the vice chairman, any member of the committee 
may preside. > 

Section 3. Quorum: 

A quorum for any precinct meeting shall consist of not less 
than ten registered Democrats in such precinct. In the event a 
quorum is not present the precinct chairman shall notify the 
Chairman of the County Executive Committee who shall call a 
second meeting. If the second meeting shall fail for lack of a 
quorum, the officers of the County Executive Committee shall fill 
all vacancies. Provided that in precincts having fewer than 20 
registered and active Democrats, ^/^ of such registered active 
Democrats shall be sufficient to comprise the precinct committee 
and to constitute a quorum at the precinct meeting. 

167 



ORGANIZATION 
DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 





PRECINCT 




PRECINCT 
COMMITTEE 




PRECINCT 
CHAIRMAN AND 
VICE CHAIRMAN 




Deleqates 














COUNTY 
CONVENTION 




COUNTY 
EXECUTIVE 
COMMITTEE 




Deleqates 












STATE 
CONVENTION 


/ 
/ 
/ 


CAMPAIGN 
COMMITTEE 


















CONGRESSIONAL 
COMMITTEE 




STATE 
EXECUTIVE 
COMMITTEE 


/ 

/ 
/ 












/ 

/ 




JUDICIAL 
COMMITTEE 




STATE 
CHAIRMAN 


/ 


SECRETARY 

FINANCE DIR. 

TREASURER 

EXEC. DIR. 
















SOLICITORIAL 
COMMITTEE 




STATE 

VICE 

CHAIRMAN 


















SENATORIAL 
COMMITTEE 




NAT'L. 
COMMITTEEMAN 

N AT'I 










COMMITT 


EEWOMAN 





168 



Plan of Organization 169 

Section 4. Election of Delegates: 

At the precinct meeting called for that purpose the Democratic 
voters in attendance shall elect delegates and alternates to repre- 
sent the precinct in the county convention; and said delegates or 
alternates, or such of them as shall attend the county convention, 
shall be entitled to vote the full strength of their precinct upon 
all questions, nominations, or elections which may come before 
the county convention. The chairman, or presiding officer, and 
the secretary of the precinct meeting shall certify to the county 
convention the names of the delegates and alternates selected at 
the meeting. 

Section 5. Business Permitted: 

At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall be taken on 
the different questions, nominations, and elections anticipated to 
come before the county convention, and in that event, the chair- 
man or presiding officer and the secretary of the precinct meeting 
shall certify to the county convention the vote so cast, and the 
relative vote as fixed in the precinct meeting shall not be changed 
in the county convention, except by two-thirds vote of the entire 
unit of delegates desiring to change its vote. 

Section 6. Failure to Hold Meeting: 

In case there shall be a failure to hold a precinct meeting in 
pursuance of the call of the chairman of the county executive com- 
mittee, or if at any meeting there shall be a failure to elect dele- 
gates to the county convention, in either event, the precinct execu- 
tive committee shall appoint the delegates and alternates from the 
Democratic voters of the precinct. In the event there shall be a 
failure to elect a precinct committee prior to the day of the County 
Convention the County Executive Committee at its meeting on the 
day of the County Convention may appoint both the precinct com- 
mittee and the delegates to the said convention. 

Section 7. Representation: 

Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county convention 
one vote for every 50 Democratic votes or major fraction thereof 
cast by the precinct for the Democratic gubernatorial candidate 
at the last preceding gubernatorial election; provided that each 



170 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

precinct shall be entitled to cast at least two votes in the county 
convention. 

The County Executive Committee may, by resolution duly 
adopted, require each Precinct to appoint two delegates and two 
alternates for each vote to which said precinct may be entitled in 
the County Convention. 

Section 8. Removal of Officers and Committeemen: 

Any precinct Chairman, Vice Chairman or Committeeman, or 
Committeewomau who gives support to, aids, or helps any op- 
posing political party or candidate of any other political party, 
or who refuses or fails to perform his duties in organizing his pre- 
cinct, or who is convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude, 
shall be removed from office in the following manner: 

(1). A complaint setting forth full details and duly verified 
shall be filed with the Chairman of the County Executive Com- 
mittee by three active Democrats as defined in this Plan of Or- 
ganization registered in the county of the said officer or commit- 
teemember. The Chairman of the County Executive Committee 
shall upon approval of the other committee officers and after giv- 
ing 5 days notice thereof, call a meeting of the County Executive 
Committee to hear the complaintant, the alleged offender and any 
other interested parties or witnesses. A two-third vote of those 
members present and voting shall be necessary to remove a pre- 
cinct officer or committeemember. The decision of the County 
Executive Committee shall be final. 

(2). When a vacancy exists because of removal for cause, the 
vacancy shall be filled by the remaining members of the precinct 
executive committee at a duly called meeting by the Chairman of 
the County Executive Committee. Notice of the filling of such 
vacancy shall be given to the chairman of the County Execu- 
tive Committee. If the vacancy is not filled within ten days, the 
Chairman of the County Executive Committee within ten days 
thereafter shall call a meeting of the officers of the County Execu- 
tive Committee who shall fill the vacancy. The Chairman of the 
County Executive Committee shall cause a full detailed account 
of any removal and replacement to be filed with the Chairman of 
the State Executive Committee. 



Plan of Organization 171 

ARTICLE n 
COUNTY ORGANIZATION 

Section 1. County Executive Committee: 

The Chairman and the Vice Chairman of the several precinct 
committees, the President of the duly organized Democratic 
Women's Club within a county and the President of the duly 
organized county Young Democratic Club within the county shall 
compose the County Executive Committee; provided that the 
North Carolina Young Democratic Club Executive Committee shall 
determine what shall constitute a duly organized Young Demo- 
cratic Club and shall certify the proper Young Democratic Club 
officers to the County Chairman, whose names shall be furnished 
to the President of the North Carolina Young Democratic Club 
by the State Party Chairman, and that the Vice Chairman of the 
North Carolina Democratic Executive Committee shall determine 
what shall constitute a duly organized county Democratic Wo- 
men's Club and certify the name of the member who is to serve 
on the County Democratic Executive Committee to the Chairman 
of that body, and further that the presidents of the several Young 
Democratic Clubs shall together have one vote on the Executive 
Committee with each club having a portion of said vote "in pro- 
portion to the ratio of its membership to the total membership of 
the combined clubs," and further that the presidents of the sev- 
eral Democratic Women's Club shall together have one vote on 
the Executive Committee with each club having a portion of said 
vote in proportion to the ratio of its membership to the total 
membership of the combined clubs. 

The county Executive Committee shall meet on the same day 
as the county convention first held in each election year, the 
meeting to be held either before or after the convention at an 
hour and place to be designated in the call therefor. At said 
meeting a chairman of said county executive committee shall be 
elected. Immediately after the election of the chairman, the 
committee shall elect one or more, but not exceeding three, vice 
chairmen, a secretary and a treasurer. If more than one vice 
chairman shall be elected the order of their succession shall be des- 
ignated by title, e.g.. first vice chairman, second vice chairman, 
third vice chairman. Either the chairman or the first vice chair- 
man shall be a woman, and the other shall be a man. The chair- 



172 NoKTM Cauoi.ina Manual 

ni;in, vice chairman or vice chairmen, secretary and treasurer 
need not he members of the County Executive Committee, 
bul all of said officers shall be ex-officio members of the 
committee, with the power to vote; however, at any organizational 
meeting of said County Executive Committee said ex-officio mem- 
bers shall not have the power to vote. Should any precinct offi- 
cial be elected to any county organizational office or other office 
entitling him or her to membership on the county Executive Com- 
mittee, he or she automatically vacates the precinct office. 

If for any reason there should occur any vacancy in the chair- 
manship of the County Executive Committee, by death, resigna- 
tion, or removal, or if such chairman should be incapacitated, then 
upon a written notice to such chairman signed by the remaining 
officers of the County Executive Committee, the vice chairman or 
vice chairmen, in their order of succession, and thereafter the sec- 
retary, shall, in such order of succession, be vested with full auth- 
ority and power of the chairman until such time as said County 
Executive Committee has met and duly elected a successor to such 
chairman. 

When the County Executive Committee is not in session, the 
officers of the County Executive Committee, presided over by the 
Chairman, shall act in the place of the County Executive Com- 
mittee on all matters; unless this plan of organization states that 
action is to be by the entire County Executive Committee. 

Section 2. Additional Precinct Meetings: 

In addition to the common day fixed by the State Executive 
Committee during election years, the Chairman of any County 
Executive Committee may issue a call between October 1st of 
any non-election year and March 1st in any election year 
for a meeting of the County Executive Committee and, in addi- 
tion to any other business specified in the call, the said committee 
may adopt a resolution fixing a common day, times and places for 
the holding of precinct meetings for the purpose of electing pre- 
cinct committees; and fix the day, time and place for the organiza- 
tion meeting of the newly elected County Executive Committee 
for the purpose of electing a chairman and other county officers. 
The County Chairman shall immediately issue a call in writing 
at least 10 days before the day set for the said precinct meetings. 
This call shall be posted at the court house door of the county and 



Plan of Organization 173 

copies thereof shall be sent as a news item to each news media 
published in the county. 

Any precinct meeting provided in this section shall be held more 
than two weeks before the common day fixed by the State Execu- 
tive Committee. 

Section 3. Duties of Officers: 

The duties of the County Executive Officers shall be: 
(1). The chairman shall be responsible for the organization of 
the county on all levels, including calling of all meetings, holding 
of political instruction classes for precinct executive committees, 
obtaining all materials necessary for the proper function of his 
duties and doing all other things necessary for the proper carry- 
ing out of the best interest of the party. 

(2). One of the vice chairmen shall be responsible for the or- 
ganization and activities of the women members of the County 
Executive Committee and the women's activities in behalf of the 
Democratic Party in the said county, subject to the direction of 
the chairman of the County Executive Committee. 

(3). The other vice chairman of the County Executive Com- 
mittee shall have such duties and responsibilities as may be as- 
signed by the chairman. . j 

(4). The secretary shall have the duty and responsibility of 
keeping all records of the County Executive Committee, including 
attendance at all meetings, of issuing all notices, preparing all 
correspondence, and any other duties that may be assigned to him 
by the said chairman. 

(5). The treasurer shall have the duty of raising all money re- 
quired for the operation of the activities of the Democratic Par- 
ty, keep records of all money received and expended in behalf of 
the Party and forward a list of all donors and expenses to the 
Chairman of the State Executive Committee. The treasurer shall 
also submit any and all reports as required by the law of the fi- 
nances of the County Executive Committee. 

Section 4. Board of Elections: 

The chairman of the Executive Committee in each county shall, 
before submitting to the State Chairman recommendations for the 
Democratic members of the County Board of Elections in such 



174 NoiM H Cakomna Manual 

county, call a meeting of the County Executive Committee and 
submit such recommendations for the approval of the executive 
committee and only when such recommendations are approved 
by a majority of the committee members present shall same be 
submitted to the State Chairman by the county chairman. The 
time of such meeting of the respective county executive commit- 
tees for the purpose of passing on such recommendations shall be 
fixed by the State Chairman. 

No member or officer of a County Executive Committee shall 
be eligible to serve as a member of a County Board of Elections, 
nor as a precinct registrar or judge of elections. 

Section 5. Rules: 

The county executive committee shall have power to make any 
rules with regard to the holding of precinct meetings which it 
may deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in 
this plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and 
furnish all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from 
said precinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals 
therefrom; and it shall have the power to raise the funds neces- 
sary to pay for the expenses thereof. 

The secretary of the County Executive Committee shall forward 
a copy of each precinct organization and the officers of the County 
Organization to the chairman of the State Executive Committee. 

Section 6. Removal of County Officers: 

Any officer of the County Democratic Executive Committee who 
gives support to, aids, or helps any opposing political party or 
candidate of any other political party, or who refuses or fails to 
perform his duties in organizing his county, or who is convicted of 
a crime involving moral turpitude, shall be removed from office 
in the following manner: 

(1). A complaint setting forth full details and duly verified 
shall be filed with the Chairman of the State Executive Committee 
by three active Democrats as defined by this Plan of Organization 
registered in the county. The chairman of the State Executive 
Committee shall upon the approval of the other committee officers, 
after giving five days notice thereof, call a meeting of the State 
Executive Committee to hear the complaintant, the alleged of- 
fender and any other interested parties or witnesses. A two-thirds 



Plan of Organization 175 

vote of those members present and voting shall be necessary to 
remove a county officer. The decision of the State Executive Com- 
mittee shall be final. 

(2). When a vacancy exists because of removal for cause, the 
vacancy shall be filled by the remaining members of the County 
Executive Committee at a duly called meeting of that committee. 



ARTICLE ni 

SECTIONAL. ORGANIZATION 
Section 1. Congressional District Executive Committees: 

The Congressional District Executive Committee for each con- 
gressional district in the State shall consist of two members from 
each county in said district who shall be elected at the prelimi- 
nary meeting of delegates from the congressional districts held 
on the morning of the State Convention; provided, however, that 
in any congressional district embracing less than five counties, 
the committee shall consist of three members from each county 
in the district. 

Section 2. Judicial District Executive Committees: 

The Judicial District Executive Committee for each judicial dis- 
trict in the State shall consist of two members from each county 
in said district, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings 
of delegates from the congressional districts held on the morning 
of the State Convention; provided, however that in any judicial 
district embracing less than five counties, the committee shall 
consist of three members from each county in the district. 

Section 3. Solicitorial District Executive Committee: 

The Solicitorial District Executive Committee for each solici- 
torial district in the State shall consist of two members from each 
county in said district, who shall be elected at the preliminary 
meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held on the 
morning of the State Convention; provided, however, that in any 
solicitorial district embracing less than five counties, the com- 
mittee shall consist of three members from each county in the 
district. 



176 NdKiii ('ahomna Manual 

Section 4. State Senatorial District Executive rommittee: 

The State Senatorial District Executive Committee for eacli sen- 
atorial district in the State which comprises more than one county 
shall consist of one member from each county in said district, who 
shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of delegates from the 
congressional districts held on the morning of the State Conven- 
tion. In districts composed of only one county, the County Ex- 
ecutive Committee of said county shall have jurisdiction as in the 
matter of county candidates. 

Section 5. Appointment of Chairmen and Secretaries: 

It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the State Executive 
Committee, as soon as practicable after the State Convention, to 
appoint one member as chairman and one member as secretary of 
each of the committees provided in each of the foregoing four 
sections and fill by appointment any vacancies in the chairman- 
ship or secretaryship thereof as may occur. 

Section 6. One County Districts: 

Should any Judicial, Solicitorial or State Senatorial District be 
composed of only one county then the County Executive Com- 
mittee of said county shall be the Judicial, Solicitorial or State 
Senatorial District Committee for the respective district. 

Section 7. Rotation of State Senators: 

In all State Senatorial Districts composed of more than one 
county which it has been the custom to concede the right to nomi- 
nate a senator to one county of the district by a plan of rotation 
or otherwise, the same shall remain in full force and effect until 
terminated as herein provided. 

The executive committees of the several counties composing 
such Senatorial District may hereafter adopt a plan for the nomi- 
nation of candidates for the State Senate by one or more counties 
composing such district, but such plan shall not be effective until 
the executive committee of each of the counties composing the dis- 
trict shall, by a majority vote, approve such plan and file with 
the chairman of the State Executive Committee a copy of the res- 
olution approving the same. The agreement in any senatorial dis- 
trict composed of only two counties may be terminated by a maj- 
ority vote of the county executive committee of any one of the 



Plan of Organization 177 

counties and in districts of more than two counties by a majority 
vote of each of the executive committees of at least two counties, 
provided that notice of the termination of such agreement must 
be filed with the chairman of the State Executive Committee at 
least 120 days in advance of the date of the primary election at 
which the candidates for the General Assembly are to be nomi- 
nated. The chairman of the State Executive Committee shall 
promptly notify the State Board of Elections of all such agree- 
ments and of the termination thereof. 

ARTICX.E IV 
STATE ORGANIZATION 

Section 1. State Executive Committee: 

The State Democratic Executive Committee shall consist of ten 
men and ten women from each congressional district in the State, 
who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of delegates from 
the congressional districts, held on the morning of the State Con- 
vention as provided in Section 2, Article VI, provided, however, 
that each county shall have at least one member on the Commit- 
tee. 

Section 2. Election of Oflficers: 

As early as is practical after each State Convention herein pro- 
vided, the Chairman shall call the State Executive Committee to 
meet for the purpose of electing a Chairman and Vice Chairman, 
one of whom shall be a woman and the other a man, and each of 
whom shall serve for a term of two years, or until his or her sus- 
cessor shall be elected. 

Section 3. Appointive Officers and Committees: 

The Chairman of the State Executive Committee, as early as 
practicable after his election shall appoint to serve at his pleasure 
a full time Executive Director, a Secretary, a Financial Director 
and a Treasurer. The chairman may combine any of two of the 
above officers into one. 

Section 4. Ex-Otficio Members: 

The officers of the State Executive Committee, the National 
Committeeman, the National Commiteewoman and the President, 



178 Noiiiii Cakoi.i.na Mamtai, 

National Committeeman and National Committeewoman of the 
Young Democratic Clubs of the State shall be ex-officio members 
with the power to vote, provided, however, the Executive Director 
shall have no vote at any Executive Committee Meeting. 

Section 5. Convention Calls: 

In each election year the chairman of the State Executive Com- 
mittee shall convene said Committee in the City of Raleigh on or 
before the 15th day of January and at said meeting the following 
business shall be transacted: 

(1). The time and place of holding the State Convention shall 
be determined and duly published. 

(2). A common day shall be fixed, on which all precinct meet- 
ings shall be held for the election of delegates to the county con- 
ventions. 

(3). A common day shall be fixed for the holding of a county 
convention in each county in the State for the purpose of electing 
delegates to the State Convention. 

(4). Elect one member from each Congressional District to the 
Resolutions and Platform Committee. It shall be the duty of the 
Chairman of the State Executive Committee to designate one mem- 
ber of said Committee as Chairman and one member as Secretary. 
The Committee upon call of the Chairman shall organize and pre- 
pare the Party's proposed platform and consider all proposed res- 
olutions addressed to the convention. 

Section 6. Notices: 

Immediately after the adjournment of the above mentioned 
meeting of the State Executive Committee, it shall be the duty of 
the chairman to publish the proceedings of the same and it shall be 
the duty of the secretary of the committee to notify, in writing, 
the several chairmen of the County Executive Committees in the 
State of the respective dates so fixed for the holding of precinct 
meetings and county conventions. Directly after receipt of such 
notice it shall be the duty of each chairman of a County Executive 
Committee in the State to fix the hour and places for holding the 
precinct meetings in his county, the hour and place for holding 
the meeting of the County Executive Committee required to be 
held on the date of the county convention; and thereupon the said 
chairman shall issue a call for the precinct meetings, the county 



Plan of Organization 179 

convention, and the meeting of the County Executive Committee. 
The call shall be in writing and, at least ten days before the day 
set for the precinct meetings. It shall be posted at the court- 
house door of the county and copies thereof shall be sent to the 
chairmen of all precinct committees in the county for conspicu- 
ous posting in each precinct; a copy of the call also shall be sent 
as a news item to each news media published in the county. 

Section 7. State Campaign Committee: 

As soon as is practical after each State Convention, the State 
Chairman shall call the County Chairmen and First Vice Chair- 
men in each of the Congressional Districts to meet for the pur- 
pose of electing two members of a State Campaign Committee 
from such Congressional District, one of whom shall be a man 
and one of whom shall be a woman; provided, however, no mem- 
ber of this committee shall hold any other party office. 

Section 8. Duties of State Campaign Committee: 

The State Chairman shall be a member ex-officio of this com- 
mittee, shall serve as its chairman, and this committee shall prom- 
ulgate and co-ordinate party activities in all counties and dis- 
tricts with State Headquarters under the direction of and in co- 
operation with the State Chairman. 

Section 9. Audit Committee: 

The State Executive Committee shall appoint a committee of 
tnree whose duty it shall be to audit, not less frequently than 
biennially, the financial accounts and balances of the Committee. 

Section 10. Council of Review 

There is hereby established a Council of Review for the pur- 
pose of hearing and rendering fair and impartial decisions on such 
disputes and controversies which have arisen or which may here- 
after arise within the Party when the same are referred to said 
Council by the Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee or by the State Democratic Executive Committee. 

(a) Council Membership 

The Council of Review shall consist of three (3) members, 
appointed by the Chairman of the State Democratic Executive 
Committee; provided, that one person shall be appointed from 



180 North Carolina Manttal 

the geographical areas of the East, the Piedmont and the West 
to serve for a term of two, four and six years as may be initially 
designated by the State Chairman. Thereafter, the three mem- 
bers shall be appointed for six-year terms. 

Provided further, the Chairman of the Council of Review shall 
be designated by and shall serve at the pleasure of the State Chair- 
man. 

(b) Administrative Kules 

The Council of Review is hereby empowered to adopt necessary 
and appropriate rules to assure that each dispute is settled im- 
partially, equitably and according to the rules of justice and fair- 
ness. All decisions concurred in by a majority of the Council of 
Review shall be final until appealed to and overruled by a majority 
vote of the State Democratic Executive Committee or by a ma- 
jority vote of the delegates assembled at the next ensuing State 
Democratic Convention. The State Chairman shall treat such 
decision as final and is hereby directed to issue such further and 
supplemental directives as may be necessary and proper to im- 
plement any decision of the Council, pending the determination 
of any appeal that may be taken. 

(c) Right.s Reserved to the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee 

The State Democratic Executive Committee reserves the right 
to remove from office any member of the Council of Review upon 
a majority of said committee being satisfied that the Council mem- 
ber has been disloyal to the Party or guilty of any misconduct 
which is not in keeping with this high position of honor in the 
Democratic Party. 

(d) Vacancies 

The Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee 
shall fill any vacancies occurring during the term of his office; 
provided, however, when a vacancy shall occur among the geo- 
graphical membership of the Council, as defined in sub-paragraph 
(a), the vacancy shall be filled by an appointment from the same 
geographical area. 

(e) The Chairman of the Council of Review is hereby directed 
to assume Jurisdiction of all matters and disputes pending and 
hereafter brought to his attention by the Chairman of the State 
Democratic Executive Committee. 



Plan of Organization 181 

ARTICLE V. 
COUNTY CONVENTIONS 

Section 1. Meeting: 

All county conventions shall be called to order by the chairman 
of the executive committee of such county, and in his absence, 
by the vice chairman or by one of the vice chairmen in the order 
of succession and in his or their absence, by any member of the 
county executive committee who may be present at the conven- 
tion, and in case none of the foregoing persons shall be present, 
then by any delegate to the convention, and he shall preside until 
a permanent chairman is elected by the convention. 

Section 2. Rules: 

(1). The chairman shall provide the convention with a suffi- 
cient number of secretaries or accountants, who shall reduce the 
votes to decimals and tabulate the same, disregarding all fractions 
after second or hundredth column. 

(2). Nothing herein contained shall prevent the convention 
from making nomination by viva voce or acclamation where a vote 
by township or precinct is not demanded by any delegate present. 

(3). The County Executive Committee shall have the power to 
make such other rules and regulations for the holding of county 
conventions not inconsistent herewith, as may be deemed neces- 
sary or expedient. 

Section 3. Voting: 

Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county convention 
one vote for every 50 Democratic votes or major fraction thereof 
cast by the precinct for Governor at the last preceding guberna- 
torial election; provided that every precinct shall be entitled to 
cast at least 2 votes in the county convention, and each precinct 
may appoint as many delegates to said convention as it may see 
fit, not exceeding three delegates and three alternates for each 
vote to which said precinct may be entitled in the county conven- 
tion. 

The County Executive Committee may, by resolution duly 
adopted, require each Precinct to appoint two delegates and two 
alternates for each vote to which said precinct may be entitled in 
the County Convention. 



182 NoKTH Carolina Manitai, 

Section 4. Nomination Convention Where County Not Under 
Primary Law: 

In all counties in which the selection of candidates for mem- 
bers of the General Assembly and county and township offices is 
not provided for by the primary law, nominations shall be made 
in the following manner: 

(1) The county executive committee shall meet and set a time 
and place for holding a county convention for the nomination of 
candidates for the aforesaid offices, and shall also set the time 
and places for holding the necessary preliminary precinct meet- 
ings, and thereupon the chairman of the county executive com- 
mittee shall issue a call for the precinct meetings and the county 
convention, notice of which call shall be sent to the precinct of- 
ficials and published in such manner and form as shall be directed 
by the said county executive committee. 

(2). At the meeting held in each precinct in pursuance of said 
notice, delegates and alternates to represent it in the county con- 
vention shall be elected from the body of the Democratic voters 
of the precinct; and said delegates or alternates, or such of them 
as shall attend the county convention shall be entitled to vote the 
full Democratic strength of their precinct in the nomination of 
candidates and upon all questions which may come before said 
county convention. 

If there is a failure to hold a precinct meeting in pursuance of 
said notice, or if said meeting shall fail to elect delegates to repre- 
sent it in said convention, the precinct executive committee shall 
appoint delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of 
the precinct. 

(3). Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county con- 
vention one vote for every 50 Democratic votes, or a major frac- 
tion thereof cast by the precinct for Governor at the last pre- 
ceding gubernatorial election; provided that every precinct shall 
be entitled to cast at least 2 votes in the county convention, and 
each precinct may appoint as many delegates to said convention 
as it may see fit, not exceeding three delegates and three alter- 
nates for each vote to which said precinct may be entitled in the 
county convention. 

The County Executive Committee may, by resolution duly 
adopted, require each Precinct to appoint two delegates and two 



Plajn" of Organization 183 

alternates for each vote to which said precinct may be entitled in 
the County Convention. 

(4). The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chair- 
man of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chair- 
man of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both 
the chairman and vice chairman, any member of the committee 
may preside. 

(5). The county executive committee shall have power to make 
any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it may 
deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this 
plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and furnish 
all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said pre- 
cinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals there- 
from. 



ARTICLE VI. 
STATE CONVENTIONS 

Section 1. Delegates: 

The State convention shall be composed of delegates appointed 
by the several county conventions. Each county in the State shall 
be entitled to elect to the State Convention one delegate and one 
alternate for every 300 Democratic votes or major fraction there- 
of cast therein for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial 
election. 

Section 2. Congressional District Meetings: 

A preliminary meeting of the delegates shall be held by each 
congressional district on the morning of the State Convention, at 
rooms to be designated by the State Executive Committee, for the 
purpose of selecting the following: 

(1). Elect one member of the committee on Permanent Organ- 
ization, Rules, and Order of Business, which committee will nom- 
inate a permanent president and secretary of the convention. 

(2). Elect one vice president of the convention. 

(3). Elect one district assistant secretary. 



184 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

(4). Elect one member of the committee on Credentials and 
Appeals. 

(5). Elect nine men and nine women as members of the State 
Executive Committee, with at least one member being selected 
from each county. 

(6). Elect two members from each county for the Congression- 
al, Judicial, and Solicitorial District Executive Committees; pro- 
vided, however, in districts embracing less than five counties, 
three members of each said committee shall be elected from 
each county in said district. 

(7). Elect one member for each county of the State Senatorial 
Executive Committee where the district embraces more than one 
county. 

(8). In each Presidential election year nominate the number 
of delegates and alternates allotted by the National Committee to 
each Congressional District. 

(9). In each Presidential Election Year nominate one Presi- 
dential Elector for each Congressional District. 

Section 3. Delegates to National Convention and Presidential 
Electors: 

(1). The State Convention shall elect the delegates to the Na- 
tional Convention who shall convene promptly at the call of the 
National Committeeman after their election and nominate the 
National Committee representatives and such other officers as are 
required by the Democratic National Committee. 

(2). The State Convention shall confirm the nominations for 
Presidential Electors certified by the several districts and, in addi- 
tion thereto, shall nominate two Presidential Electors at Large. 

Section 4. Rules: 

( 1 ). Such delegates (or alternates of absent delegates), as may 
be present at any State Convention shall be allowed to cast the 
whole vote to which their county may be entitled. 

(2"). In all conventions provided for by this plan, after a vote 
is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until after the roll 
call is completed and before the final result of the ballot shall be 
announced by the chairman of said convention. 



Plan of Organization 185 

(3). The chairman of the different county conventions shall 
certify the list of delegates and alternates to the State Convention, 
and a certified list of said delegates and alternates to the secre- 
tary of the State Executive Committee. 

(4). The secretary of the State Executive Committee shall 
make up a roll of all delegates and alternates from the several 
counties and transmit the same to the chairman of the State Con- 
vention. 

(5). In all conventions an election or a nomination may be 
made by any majority, even though it be a fraction of a vote. 

(6). In all State Conventions it shall be the duty of the dele- 
gates from the several counties to choose one of their number 
chairman, whose name shall be reported to the president of such 
convention, and whose duty it shall be to cast the vote of his 
county as directed, and the vote as announced by him shall be re- 
corded unless some delegate from that county shall challenge its 
accuracy, in which event it shall be the duty of the president of 
the convention to cause the roll of delegates from that county to 
be called, when the vote of such county shall be tabulated and re- 
corded according to the response of its delegates; but in no event 
shall the vote of one county be challenged by a delegate from an- 
other county. 



ARTICXE Vn. 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Section 1. Committee Meetings: 

All committees shall meet as such times and places as the chair- 
man of the respective committee may from time to time appoint 
and designate in the call. 

Section 2. Quorum: 

Thirty (30) per cent of the entire membership of any commit- 
tee shall constitute a quorum. 

Section 3. Voting: 

A member of the State Executive Committee may designate a 
Democrat in good standing from within his county to serve as his 
alternate for a particular Executive Committee meeting by notify- 



186 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Manual 

ing the party chairman, secretary or executive director of such 
designation in writing prior to the call to order of any such meet- 
ing, provided however, that no one person may serve as an alter- 
nate for more than one member at any meeting and no member or 
alternate may be entitled to more than one vote. 

A member of the County Executive Committee may designate 
a Democrat in good standing from within his precinct to serve as 
his alternate for a particular County Executive Committee meet- 
ing by notifying the party county chairman or county secretary of 
such designation in writing prior to the call to order of any such 
meeting provided, however, that no one person may serve as an 
alternate for more than one member at any meeting and no mem- 
ber or alternate may be entitled to more than one vote. 

Section 4. Vacancies: 

Vacancies occurring in any Executive Committee above the pre- 
cinct level shall be filled by the executive committee of the county 
in which such vacancies occur. Vacancies occurring in any pre- 
cinct committee shall be filled by the remaining members of the 
precinct committee. 

Section 5. Candidates in Primary: 

Any member of any Executive Committee, precinct, county, or 
state, or any officer thereof, who announces his candidacy for an 
elective office in the primary shall resign immediately his party 
office, and the vacancy shall be filled within 15 days as heretofore 
provided. Any officer of a County or State Executive Committee 
who manages a campaign for a candidate in a primary shall re- 
sign immediately his party office and the vacancy shall be filled 
as provided for in the Plan of Organization. 

Section 6. Sub-Committees: 

All executive committees shall have the power to appoint sub- 
committees or special committees for such purposes and with such 
powers in their respective jurisdictions, as may be deemed neces- 
sary or desirable. 

Section 7. Filling Vacancies Among Candidates: 

Vacancies shall be filled among candidates, and the selection 
of candidates shall be as prescribed by statute. 



Plan of Organization 187 

Section 8. Municipal Committee: 

In the nomination of candidates for municipal offices to be voted 
for in any town or city election, where the same is not controlled 
by charter or legislative enactment, a municipal executive com- 
mittee may be created for the purpose of facilitating the orderly 
selection of such candidates. The committee shall be composed 
of five residents of the municipality, at least two of whom shall 
be men and two of whom shall be women, to be elected biennially 
at a meeting of all members of the regular executive committee 
or committees who reside in the municipality, the meeting to be 
called and presided over by the chairman of the county executive 
committee. It shall be the sole function of any municipal execu- 
tive committee created under the provisions of this section to sup- 
ervise and direct the selection of candidates for municipal offices, 
and to that end, the committee may formulate such rules and reg- 
ulations as may be deemed necessary, or practicable. The com- 
mittee shall elect from its membership a chairman and vice 
chairman, one of whom shall be a woman and one of whom shall 
be a man; and all vacancies in membership shall be filled by the 
committee. 

Section 9. Appeals: 

Unless the Council of Review has assumed jurisdiction of the 
controversy, the right of appeal shall lie from any subordinate 
committee or convention to the committee or convention next 
superior thereto, and in all county or state conventions appeals 
shall first be referred to the Committee on Credentials and Ap- 
peals, or a special committee provided by the convention, and the 
findings and reports of such committee had before action thereon 
by the convention. 

Section 10. Reports: 

It shall be the duty of the county executive committees and their 
chairmen to make such reports and furnish such information to 
the chairman of the State Executive Committee and chairmen of 
the several district committees as the said State and district chair- 
men may desire. 

Section 11. Definition: 

An "Active Democrat" is defined to mean a person who is reg- 



188 NoKiii Cakolina Manual 

istered to vote as a Democrat, and who, as a volunteer, takes part 
in party affairs, giving of his time and/or means to further the 
interest and efforts of the Democratic Party. 

Section 12. Plan-Vs-Law: 

In the several counties of the State where primaries are pro- 
vided for by law, whether optional or mandatory, this plan or or- 
ganization shall nevertheless be followed in all matters not in- 
consistent with such laws. 

Section 13. General Rules: 

Procedural or parliamentary questions not specifically covered 
by this plan or rules adopted pursuant to authority granted herein 
shall be governed by the provisions of Roberts Rules of Order. 



ARTICXiE Vin. 
AMENDMENTS 

Section 1. Power to Amend: 

The State Executive Committee shall, at any regularly called 
meeting duly held, have power to amend this plan of organization. 

Any amendment adopted by the State Executive Committee in- 
cluding those herein contained shall be effective immediately and 
remain in effect until the same shall be repealed or amended by 
action of the next State Convention. Any change in this plan of 
organization adopted by the State Executive Committee shall be 
presented to the next State Convention by the State Chairman for 
its action thereon. 



The foregoing is the plan of organization of the Democratic 
Party as amended and adopted by the State Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee at a meeting held in the City of Raleigh on the 
17th day of January. 1968. 

I. T. Valentine, Jr. 
Chairman 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(From list furnished by Executive Director, 
State Democratic Executive Committee) 

STATE DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1968 

OFFICERS 

Chairman James V. Johnson, Charlotte 

Vice Chairman Mrs. James M. Harper, Southport 

Secretary Mrs. E. K. I'owe, Durham 

Finance Director Joe W. Yates, Raleigh 

Executive Director Charles D. Barbour, Durham 

Treasurer John A. Williams, Jr., Raleigh 

Assistant Treasurer John Wheeler, Durham 

EX-OFFICIO 

National Committeeman Jack Kirksey, Morganton 

National Committeewoman Mrs. John A. Winfleld, Pinetown 

President, Young Democratic Clubs of N. C Charles O. Rose, 111, Fayetteville 

National Committeeman, Young Democratic Clubs of N. C. Graham Bell, Dallas 

National Committeewoman. Young 

Democratic Clubs of N.C Mrs. Peggy Stamey, Raleigh 

Committees 
First District 
County Name Address 

Beaufort Graham Elliott Washington 

Bertie W. L. Cooke Windsor 

Camden Annie Sanderlin Camden 

Chowan George A. By rum Edenton 

Craven Mrs. Larry B. Pate New Bern 

Currituck Mrs. Dudley Bagley Moyock 

Dare Archie Burrus Nags Head 

Hertford Alvah Early Ahoskie 

Hyde Charles .M( Williams Ocracoke 

Jones W. Murray Whitaker Trenton 

Lenoir Olin Reid Kinston 

Martin Nat Johnson Oak City 

Pamlico Ned E. Delamar Oriental 

Pasquotank Mrs. Gaston E. Small, Jr Rt. 1, Elizabeth City 

Perquimans W. F. Ainsley Hertford 

Pitt Henry C. Oglesby Griffon 

Pitt Janice Hardison Greenville 

Tyrrell Eston Brickhouse Creswell 

Second District 

Edgecombe John H. Price Tarboro 

Edgecombe Mrs. Levie Owens RFD, Macclesfield 

Franklin Clint Carlyle Zebulon 

Franklin Mrs. Coleen Ott RFD, Louisburg 

Granville T. G. Stem, Jr Oxford 

Granville Mrs. .Toe A. Watkins Oxford 

Greene Mrs. J. C. Moye Snow Hill 

Greene I). Harold Bailey Walstonburg 

Halifax .Mrs. Lillian Dickens Enfield 

Halifax Swain Steplienson Weldon 

Nash Mrs. Raymond Finch Rt. 2. Bailey 

Nash .Mac Pearsall Rocky Mount 

Northampton H. F. Holoman Rich Square 

Person Ed Warren Hurdle Mills 

Person Mrs. Mildred Nichols Roxboro 

Vance Mrs. Francis B. Horner Henderson 

189 



190 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Manual 



County Name Address 

Vance Unluit S. Hif;lit Henderson 

Warren Mrs. \irt;inia Hcrider Rt. 2, Nnrlina 

Wilson Emily Carter Jones Wilson 

Wilson Carl J5. Ken fro Wilson 

Third District 

Carteret C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. Alida Willis Morehead City 

Duplin Leroy Simnioiis Rt. 1, All)ertson 

Duplin Mrs. Dovie I'enny Walla ee 

Harnett Mrs. Raclul W. Spears Lilliu-'ton 

Harnett Larry Lawrence Dunn 

Harnett Mary Kate Thomas Lillint^ton 

Jdlinst.in Tom Coats Clayton 

.lolinston Mrs. J. Don Johnson Bens(]n 

.lohiiston Mrs. Rudolpli Allen Clayton 

Onslow James K. Strict land Jacksonville 

Onslow Miss Hathaway Price Jacksonville 

Pender Mrs. K. M. Lefler Willard 

Pender Leroy Jolinson Atkinson 

Pender W. M. Euljank Hami)st(ad 

Sampson B. T. Lundy Clinton 

Saniiisiin Mrs. Rita Henley Roscliom 

Wayne Dortch Lan^'ston, Sr Goldshoro 

Wayne Mrs. Mary Hall Peacock Fremont 

Wayne James Siiicer Goldshoro 

Fourth District 

Cliatiiam Mrs, Ed Holmes Pittshoro 

Durliam Dr. Eugene Greuling Durljam 

Duriiam John S. Stewart I>urham 

Durliam A. J. H. Clement, IH Durham 

Durham .Mrs. Eula Miller Durham 

Durham Mrs. Marj;aret Carrington Durham 

Durham Mrs. Eliza heth Tornquist Durham 

Oraufie Clarenre Jones Hillsliorouuh 

Orange -Mrs. Dougald McMillan, III Carrhoro 

KandoIi)h J. D. Ross, Jr ....Ashilioro 

Randolph Mrs. Bertha Fitzgerald Asheboro 

Wake J. J. Sansom_ Ralriirh 

Wake W. C. Creel Cary 

Wake John C. Williamson Raleigh 

Wake.. Jack C. Ashhy Ralcij;h 

Wake Hugh Cannon Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. William T. Hatch Raleigh 

Wake -Mrs. Hewitt Moore Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. Roland H. Carson Raleigh 

Wake Rehekah Rivers Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Alleghany Louise Choate Sparta 

Ashe Mrs. Xancy Johnston Jefferson 

Davidson J. Lee Wilson Lexington 

Davidson Mary Louise Wilkerson Lexington 

Davidson E. W. Hooper Thomasvillc 

Davidson lo Ann Gibson Thomasvillc 

Davie Broadus Melton Sparta 

Forsyth Pat Mast Winston- Salem 

Forsyth Madge Matthews Wiiiston-S i lem 

Forsyth Charles Brooks Winston -Salem 

Forsyth John Gallaher Winston-Salem 

Forsvth Mrs. Robert Sasnik Winston -Salem 

Forsyth Velma Hopkins Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Velma Jackson Winston-Salem 



State Committees, Democbatic 191 

County Name Address 

Stokes Mrs. Marjorie Christian Danbury 

Stokes W. P. Marsliall Walnut Cove 

Surry Mrs. Robert Merriet Mt. Airy 

Surry Fred Norman Elkin 

Surry ..Robert Freeman Dobson 

Yadkin Richard M. Randleman Jonesville 

Sixth District 

Alamance Emerson T. Sanders Burlington 

Alamance Dr. S. B. Thomas Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. B. Tate Horton Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. W. Clary Holt Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. Mignon Harden Burlington 

Caswell M. S. Angle Milton 

Caswell Mrs. Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill 

Guilford Mrs. R. N. Linville Oak Ridge 

Guilford Mrs. John R. Taylor Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Ma.x Miller Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Chase Benson Greensboro 

Guilford L. R. Russell Greensboro 

Guilford Arthur Kirkman High Toint 

Guilford Charles E. Haywood High Point 

Guilford T. C. Hoyle Greensboro 

Guilford B. J. Battle Greensboro 

Seventh District 

Bladen James Albert Bridger Bladenboro 

Bladen Mrs. Marie Currie Clarkton 

Bladen.. Mrs. Edward B. Clark Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Odell Williamson Shallotte 

Brunswick Louise Parker Soutliport 

Brunswick Mrs. Kitty Benton Shallotte 

Columbus Mrs. Flora Sin^letary Wliiteville 

Columbus Mrs. Ross M. Williamson Tabor City 

Columbus Willard Small Fair Bluff 

Cumberland Cade Bramble Fayetteville 

Cumberland Pat Reese Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Mary Grace Hair Fayetteville 

Hoke Palmer Willeox Raeford 

Hoke Mrs. J. M. Andrews Rt. 1, Red Springs 

New Hanover Louis J. Poission, Jr Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Hugh Primrose Wilmington 

New Hanover Lawrence Rose Wrightsville Beach 

Robeson Paul Graham Lumberton 

Robeson Jim Olivir Fairmont 

Robeson Mrs. J. E. Watson Red Springs 

Eighth District 

Anson Herman H. Hardison Wadesboro 

Anson Jane Pratt Wadesboro 

Cabarrus .Tohn Boger, Sr Concord 

Cabarrus Mrs. Doris Ross l^""!^'""*; 

Lee Rov Cashion Sanford 

Lee Mrs. Kemp Gaddy Sanford 

Montgomery J. F. Allen 2??'^°f 

Montgomery Mrs. R. B. Jordan. Jr Mt. Gilead 

Moore Bess McCaskill ^<^"r'^«''«' 

Rowan Pearl Thomp.son „ T. ""■^' 

Rowan Robert M. Davis Salisbury 

Scotland R. F. McCoy Laurinburg 

Scotland .Mrs. Whaley Hunt Launnt)urg 

Stanly Jake Rudisill .„ Kadin 

Stanly .Mrs. J. Boger Little Albemar e 

Union J. Ma.\- Thomas MarshviUe 

Union.. Mrs. Mary Carriker .Monroe 



192 NoKTii Carolina Manual 



Ninih District 

County Name Address 

Iredell Fred Hedrick Statesville 

Iredell Mrs. Jane Hawthorne Statesville 

Iredell Mrs. Hetty Feimster Statesville 

Lincoln Hal Hoyle, Jr Lincoln ton 

Lincoln .Mrs. Hal Heafner Lincoln ton 

Mecklenburg Tlioni Richards Charlotte 

Mecklenburg ,1. A. Stenhouse Charlotte 

Mecklenburg VV. E. (Jrahani Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Charles I. Myers Charlotte 

.Mecklenburg Mrs. William Boyd, Jr Rt. 1, Tineville 

Mecklenburg .Mrs. John VV. Blanton Charlotte 

Mecklenburg David McConnell Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Burrell L. Jordan Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Frank R. Staff Charlotte 

Mecklenburg .Mrs. John C. Booth Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Nick I), (iarden Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. John L. Langford Charlotte 

Tenth District 

Ale.xander Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Avery Harry McGee Elk Park 

Burke .Mrs. Martha Baker Morganton 

Burke .Mrs. Lillian Butler Morganton 

Burke H. J. Hatcher Morganton 

Caldwell Mrs. E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Caldwell Coit Barber Lenoir 

Caldwell Colon Prestwood Lenoir 

Catawba J. C. Rudisill Newton 

Catawba Rickman Fleming Hickory 

Catawba Mrs. Jolin Abernathy Newtim 

Catawba Mrs. W. H. Hall Hickory 

Cleveland 

Cleveland Clyde Nolan Shelby 

Cleveland Ollie Harris Kings Mountain 

Gaston Robert Hilker Belmont 

Gaston George A. Jenkins Gaston ia 

Gaston Mrs. Marcia Martin Gastoiiia 

Eleventh District 

Buncombe John Spicer Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. J. C. Hall Asheville 

Buncombe E. L. Loft in Weaverville 

Ciierokee G. W. Cover Andrews 

Clay Vernon .Martin Hayes ville 

Graham Clint Sawyer Robinsville 

Haywood Floyd .Millany, Jr Waynesville 

Haywood Jack West Waynesville 

Henderson Harry Buchanan Henderson ville 

Jackson (ieorge J. Stewart Casluers 

Macon Elizabeth Potts Higlilands 

Madison Zeno Ponder Marsliall 

.McDowell Jotin (Jilkey .. .Marion 

.Mitciiell .Mrs. Howard Ford Penland 

I'olk J. Tluirston Arledge Tryon 

Rutherford Bryan Harrill Forest City 

Rutherford Mrs. L. T. Gibbs Rutherfordton 

Swain Dr. Kelly E. Bennett Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. John I). Smith Brevard 

Yancey Bill Adkins Burnsville 



State Committees, Okmockatic 193 

State Democratic Congressional District Executive 

Committees 
1968 

First District 

County Name Address 

}5eaufort W .R. Robertson, Jr Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. Julia Koniley Washington 

Hertie .1. Whitted Bond Windsor 

Bertie Charles B. Griftin, Jr Woodville 

Camden T. F. Leary Shiloh 

Camden W. W. Forehand Shiloh 

Chowan P. S. McMullen Edenton 

Chowan .1. G. Wood Edenton 

Craven John Moore New Bern 

Craven Woodrow .McCoy Cove City 

Currituck Wilt cm Walker, Jr Currituck 

Currituck J. .M. Bell Shawboro 

Dare Moncie L. Daniels Manteo 

Dare Jack Cahoon Manteo 

Gates R. E. Miller Gates 

Gates James 0. Wright Hobbsville 

Hertford H. W. Whitley Murfreesboro 

Hertford L. E. .Mizzelle Alioskie 

Hyde Worth .Moore Rt. 1, Bclhaven 

Hyde .Mar(;aret Lui)ton Swan (Juarter 

Jones Robert L. Mattocks, II PoUocksville 

Jones Mrs. Mary Koonce Frauck Rt. 2, Trenton 

Lenoir James .Miles Pink Hill 

Lenoir Mrs. Anne Whitehill Kinston 

Martin Herbert Hitilismith Robersonville 

.Martin Hugh M. Martin Williamston 

Pamlico Russell Lee Baylioro 

Pamlico Bert Robinson Holjucken 

Pascjuotank W. L. Thompson Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. Lorimer Midgett Elizabetli City 

Perquimans K. A. Williams Winfall 

Perquimans Julian Brougliton Hertford 

Pitt Thomas McCaskill Rt. 1. Greenville 

Pitt H. L. Roberts Rt. 5, Greenville 

Tyrrell . -W. J. White, Sr Columbia 

Tyrrell Clair E. Morris Columbia 

Washington Freemon Allen Pantego 

Washington W. T. Freeman ...Roper 

Second District 

Edgecombe H. V. Bridges Tarboro 

Edgecombe Thomas Dill Rocky Mount 

Franklin James Speed Rt. 3. Louisburg 

Franklin Gen. Edward Grittin Louisburg 

Granville .Melvin J. Ellis, Jr Rt. 1. St.m 

Granville W. E. Lathan Butner 

Greene A. J. Harrell Snow Hill 

Greene H. S. Taylor Hookerton 

Halifax Richard T. Beal Enfldd 

Halifax William White, Sr Roanoke Rapids 

Nash .Mrs. Dora Weaver Rocky Mount 

Nash Robert Dennis Rocky Mount 

Nortliampton Edward Taylor Conway 



194 NoiM II (V\i{()i.i.\.\ Mam Ai, 



County Name Address 

Nortliaini)t()n .(oliii U. Forrest Kk'li Sciu.ire 

Person K. (i. Thompson Itoxlioro 

I'erson I). W. HraUslier l{o\lioro 

Vancf Hev. ('. L. Faison Hendirson 

Vance .lohn T. Cliiiich Henderson 

Warren Anions L. Capps War rent on 

Warren T. T. (la.vton Warrenton 

Wilson Hol)ert (irifl'in Wilson 

Wilson Cliarles (iod^ood Wilson 

Third District 

Carteret Winston Hill Atlantic 

Carteret -Mrs. Allie I'otter Beanfort 

Duplin W. J. Ciljson Wall lee 

Duplin Sam David RFD, Pmk Hill 

Harnett Fulton Tatterson Mamers 

Harnett Mrs. Carolyn Watkins An^ier 

Johnston Mrs. Joyce Upton Sm it lit) eld 

Johnston Robert Wallace Sniithtield 

Onslow Don Hudson Jacksonville 

Onslow Alex Warlick Jacksonville 

Pender Carroll Hamilton Atkinson 

Pender Mrs. Esther Padgett Watlia 

Sampson Buck Pendert'rass Harrells 

Sampson Mrs. Robert Shields Clinton 

Wayne Faison Thompson, Jr Goldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. Katlierine Barfield Mt. Olive 

Fourth District 

Chatham T. D. Thrailkill Rt. 3, Apex 

Chatham Mrs. Charlie Dark Slier City 

Durliam William Service Durham 

Durham Walter O. Daye Durham 

Orantje Howard Lee Chapel Hill 

OranKe Gordon Cleveland Chapel Hill 

Randolph Ben Coleman Rt. 1, Randleman 

Randolph Wm. K. Johnson Rt. 2, Asheboro 

Wake William Joslin Raleigh 

Wake R. Mayne Albright Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Allet-'hany Kelly Blum Sparta 

Alleghany Mrs. Betty Bledsoe Sparta 

Ashe Ira T. Jackson Jett'erson 

Ashe Mrs. Stella M. Anderson W. JetTerson 

Davidson Eric .Morgan Lexint;ton 

Davidson John Craven Lexington 

Davie Ken Sills Mocks ville 

Davie Dave H. Wood Rt. 2, Advance 

Forsyth (Jeor^'e Clayton Winston -Salem 

Forsyth James (Jlenn Winston -Salem 

Stokes Eddie Taylor Danbury 

Stokes Mrs. John Martin Waltuit Cove 

Surry T. D. Simmons Pilot Mountain 

Surrv Jack Faltrer Mt. Airy 

Yadkin Donald Matthews East Bend 

Yadkin Jack Shore Rt. 2, Yadkin ville 



State Committees, Democratic 195 

Sixth District 

County Name Address 

Alaniaiice W. L. Morris RFD, Burlington 

Alamance John H. Vernon Burlington 

Alamance Paul H. Ridge Burlington 

Caswell Marilyn Farmer Blanch 

Caswell Mrs. A. Y. Kerr Yancey ville 

Caswell James Y. Blackwell, Jr Rt. 1. Yanceyville 

Guilford Ed Kemp Greensboro 

Guilford John Hardy Greensboro 

(iuilford Jim Wolfe Greensboro 

Rockingham A. D. Folger, Jr Madison 

Kockinghani Dalton McMichael Madison 

Rockingham G. Ed Smith Reldsville 

Seventh District 

Bladen Chatham C. Clark Elizabethtown 

Bladen James C. Green Clarkton 

Brunswick Roony Cheers Shallotte 

Brunswick Mrs. Catherine Clark Leland 

Columbus Walter Shaw Evergreen 

Columbus K. C. Soles, Jr.... Tabor City 

Cumberland Sneed High Fayetteville 

Cumberland Hector McGeachy Fayetteville 

Hoke 

Hoke N. L. McFadyen Raeford 

New Hanover Berry A. Williams Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Mercer Rowe Wilmington 

Robeson Frank White Pembroke 

Robeson John C. Hasty Maxton 

Eighth District 

Anson . A. Paul Kitclien Wadesboro 

Anson Mrs. Reba Killam Peachland 

Cabarrus Jolm H. Pharr Concord 

Cabarrus Mrs. William E. McClary Kannapolis 

Lee -  • Louis C. Lawrence Sanford 

Lee W. B. Pittman Sanford 

Montgomery (ieorge T. .McAuley Mt. Gilead 

Montgomery Rot)ert L. Liles, Jr Candor 

Moore Mrs. Irene Mullinix Vass 

Moore W. A. Johnson, Jr West End 

Richmond K. L. Saunders Rockingham 

Richmond I»r. W. I). James i; "".'"• ''^ 

Kowan . Mrs. Reid Monroe Salisbury 

Rowan Frank .Montgomery Salisbury 

Scotland J- L. Southerland. Jr Laurinburg 

Scotland S. A. McLean .Wagram 

Stanly G. T. Rabe, Jr Albemarle 

Stanly Robert Deese Albemarle 

Union Robert L. Huffman Monroe 

Union Mrs. Coleen Harris Monroe 

Ninth District 

Iredell Fred H. Dcatbn, Jr Statesville 

Iredell . ...Duke Williams Statesville 

IrtHkU Tohiinv .Miller Mooresville 

Lincoln L. A. (Jrooms Lincolnton 

Lincoln Perry Recp Rt. 2, Lincolnton 



196 NoKTii r\i;(ii,iN.\ Maniiai, 



County Name Address 

Liiiccilu ll.il H;illir].iM Ut. -, I.iiiiiilrildii 

Mfrklcntiuin !•:. !■:. WaddcU Cliarldltc 

Mtcklciihiiitr 'i- '■• Hunter, .(r Chnrlntte 

Mcckli'iilniit; •Iiic <'lii]U Char lottf 

Wilki's ..- Kduar .1. Hanitiy. . _ ._ N. WilKcslidKi 

WilUcs L. h. Vatos Purlear 

Wilkes Odell Wliittinnton, Sr Venoy 

Tenth District 

Alexander L. CJ. Keen Stoney I'dint 

Ale.xanUcr. .Mrs. ('. V. Trice Tavlorsville 

Avery I.. L. Cook ... Klk I'ark 

Avery Odes Stroiip Crossnnre 

Huike Mrs. Ailcen Avery Mortjanton 

Hurke — Mrs. Petr^y Stamper Moi t;antdn 

• 'alduell ...Earl 'I'ate Lenoir 

Caldwill Mrs. \er(;ie liurtjess Lenoir 

Catauba J. W. Abernathy, ,Tr iNewton 

Catawba Micliael A lie mat by Neuton 

Cleveland E. \V. Koyster. Sr. Shelby 

Cleveland K. Tatriek Span^ler ... Shelliy 

Gaston R. P. Caldwell Gastonia 

Gaston l>aii C. (Jiinter (Jastonia 

Watauga J. C. IJoodniuht Hoonc 

Watauca .Mrs, Robert KinKham Hoone 

Eleventh District 

Buncombe Ch.irles !»ermid Ashevillc 

Buncombe. Francis Hazel Ashevillc 

Cherokee .Mrs. Hidland .McSwain .Murphy 

Cherokee Ceorue Tostell Murphy 

Clay .lack Ko;;ers .. Hayesville 

Clay lane Cunningham Ha,\ csvillc 

(iraham Hoss Smith UobirisviUe 

(iraham Harry Owens Toparo 

Haywood .Mrs. Carolyn Clayton \Vayni>s\ ille 

Haywood Tom (iarrett Waynesville 

Henderson Kobeit K. LiviiiKSton Hetidersonville 

Henderson Sam .Mills Hendersonvilh' 

.Tackson Harry Shelton Ut. li. Whiltier 

Jackson (ivor^'e I. Stev\art Cashiers 

Macon Mrs. \'al I'earson Hitxldand 

Macoir Branson Percy Kt. '>, Flalll^lirl 

.Madison E. V. IVjiider .Marsliall 

.Madison .Mrs. liiira S|irinkle Kt. 2. Marshall 

McDouell .Mrs. Sam (Jreenlee Marion 

.McDouell Hoy Stephens Old Kort 

Mitcliell Sam Phillips Spruce Pine 

Mitcliell .Mrs. I. C. Vcltdn Balversville 

Polk A. A. ArHviirs Saluda 

l>olk .Mrs. A. A. Adkiirs Saluda 

Kiitherford Claude Louery Forest City 

Rutherford Vcrnorr 'I'arlton Forest City 

Swain Toiry Sandlirr . Bryson Cit.\ 

Swaiir .Mrs. O. B. Sannocke Chen^kee 

Transvlvania Ceortrc .fustrrs Brevard 

Transylvania .Tulia Fislrer Brevard 

Yancey Trov Boone Burnsvillc 

Yancey Bill Younu Burnsville 



State Committees, Democratic 197 

State Democratic Judicial District Executive Committees 

1968 

First District 

County Name Address 

Camden Naraan Tadlock Belcross, N. €. 

Camden Mrs. Margaret Harris South Mills, N. C. 

Ciic^wan... Merrill Evans, Jr Edenton 

Clio wan W. J. P. Earnhardt, Jr Edenton 

Currituck S. A. Walker Moyock 

Currituck Walton Griggs Point Harbor 

Dare M. K. Fearing, Jr Manteo 

Dare Martin Kellogg Manteo 

Gates F. H. Rountree Sunbury 

Gates Lindy P. Harrell Eure 

Pasquotank M. B. SiniDson, Jr Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Maurice Berry Rt. 1, Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Marion Swindell Hertford 

Perquimans Julian White Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort William B. Rodman Washington 

Beaufort W. B. Carter, Jr Washington 

Hyde Joseph Pugh Englehard 

Hyde Bart)ara Williams Englehard 

Martin Paul Roberson Robersonville 

Martin Phillip Swinson Jamesville 

Tyrrell Mrs. Lonnie Liverman Columbia 

Tyrrell Mrs. Lillian Fisher Creswell 

Washington Mrs. Jeanette Banm Plymouth 

Washington Calvin Spruill Plymouth 

Third District 

Carteret Harvey Hamilton, Jr Morehead City 

Carteret Mrs. Harry Livingston Newport 

Craven Xorman Kellum New Bern 

Craven Kennedy Ward New Bern 

Pamlico Julius Dees Bayboro 

Pamlico Ray S. Alderman Grantsboro 

Pitt John Howell Rt. 1, Greenville 

Pitt C. W. Everett Bethel 

Fourth District 

Duplin Henry L. Stevens, III Warsaw 

Duplin Hubert E. Phillips Kenansville 

Duplin .Mrs. Perry Williams Beulaville 

Jones Walter P. Henderson Trenton 

Jones Mrs. John W. Creagh Pollocksville 

Onslow .Mrs. Lonnie Everett Sneads Ferry 

Onslow John I). Warliek Jacksonville 

Onslow Paul Sylvester Jacksonville 

Sampson Tom Newman Rt. 1, Clinton 

Sampson M. B. Fowler Rt. 1, Clinton 

Sampson Harry Lee Rt. 1, Clinton 

Fifth District 

New Hanover Cicero Yow Wilmington 

New Hanover Robert Chestnut Wilmington 

New Hanover Alan A. Marshall Wilmington 

Pender Joshua James Maple Hill 

Pender Clayton Williams Burgaw 

Pender Hugh Walker Currie 



198 North Carolina Manual 

Sixth District 

County Name Address 

Bertie Kdbert Earl Williford Lewistoii 

Bertie Moses B. (iillam Windsor 

Bertie 

Halifax _ Scott Benton Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax Join James Wcldon 

lUrtfiird T. M. Condon Win ton 

Hertfoiii Cecil Foreliand Murfreesl)oro 

Northaniplon Joseph I). Drewctt Seaboard 

Xorthanipton W. H. S. BurKvvyn, Jr Woodland 

Seventh District 

EdKecombe W. 0. Warner Rocky Mmiiit 

Edgecombe J. K. Havens Tarlioro 

Nash William Tliorp Rocky Mount 

Nasi) Mrs. Don Cobb Bailey 

Nash L. B. Edwards Rocky Mount 

Wilson Louis Meyer Wilson 

Wilson Brooks Honcycutt Lucama 

Eighth District 

Greene Sam Jenkins, Jr Walstonliurj; 

Greene James Godwin Taylor Snow Hill 

Lenoir C. B. Stuart Kinston 

L^'ioir Donald Hinds Kinston 

Wayne Hertjert Hulse Goldsboro 

Wayne James X. Smith Goldsl)oro 

Wayne Don Ward Mt. Olive 

Ninth District 

Franklin Joe Denton Louisburg 

Franklin A. C. StallinK's Rt. 2, Spring' Hope 

(iranville W. M. Hicks Oxford 

Granville W. W. Whitfield _ Creedmoor 

Person C. B. Wood Roxboro 

Person R. G. Long Roxboro 

Tenth District 

Wake Wake (^ounty Executive Comittee 

Eleventh District 

Harnett M. 0. Lee Lillint;ton 

Harnett J. T. Lamb LilliuKton 

Harnett Ed McCormick Lillint;ton 

Jolmston C. P. Trader Benson 

Jolinston Knox Jenkins Smitliflcld 

Jolinston Alvin Narron Middlesex 

Lee J. Kennetli Eason San ford 

Lee Mrs. Susan R. Hyland Sanford 

Twelfth District 

Cumberland Geor^'e S. (JuilHii Fayctteville 

Cumberland Tliomas H. Williams Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Sylvia X. Allen ..Fayctteville 

Hoke J. E. Du))ree Raeford 

Hoke I'liil Dielil Raeford 

Hoke .William Moses Raeford 



State Committees, Democratic 199 

Thirteenth District 

County Name Address 

Bladen Giles R. Clark Elizabethtown 

Bladen Leon Smith Elizabethtown 

Bladen Frank Grady Elizabethtown 

Brunswick E. J. Prevatte Southport 

Brunswick Grover Gore Southport 

Brunswick Margaret Harper Southport 

Columbus Mrs. Sam Koonce Chadbourn 

Columbus I). Frank McGougan, Jr Tabor City 

Columbus Clemons Jacobs Delco 

Fourteenth District 

Durham Durham County Executive Comittee 

Fifteenth District 

Alamance James F. Latham Burlington 

Alamance Bob Saunders Graham 

Alamance Mrs. Ruth Lupton Alamance 

Chatham Bryden Horner Moncure 

Cliatham L. F. Baldwin Siler City 

Orange Mrs. Constance Wilson Hillsborough 

Orange James Willard Oakley Rt. 1, Mebane 

Orange Braxton Foushee Carrboro 

Sixteenth District 

Robeson Mrs. Stacy Watson Rt. 1, Fairmont 

Robeson David Parnell Parkton 

Robeson Horace Stacy Lumberton 

Scotland James D. Lance Laurinburg 

Scotland Andrew G. Williamson Laurinburg 

Scotland 

Seventeenth District 

Caswell Irving Aldridge Yancey ville 

Caswell Robert R. Blackwell Yancey ville 

Caswell James M. Long Semora 

Rockingham J. C. Johnson, Jr Mayodan 

Rockingham Earl W. Vaughn Eden 

Rockingham Rodney West Reidsville 

Stokes Clarence Carter King 

Stokes Robert A. Miller Walnut Cove 

Surry Fred Folger, Jr Mt. Airy 

Surry Wayne Edmonds :...Dobson 

Eighteenth District 

Guilford County Executive Committee 

Nineteenth District 

Cabarrus R. L. Warren Concord 

Cabarrus Webster Medlin Concord 

Montgomery E. O. Kenion Candor 

Montgomery Charles Russell Troy 

Randolpli Don Miller 

Randolph Charlie Casper 

Randolph Hal H. Walker Asheboro 

Rowan J. T. Graham Cleveland 

Rowan Glenn Ketner. Jr Salisbury 



200 NoBTH Carolina Manual 



Twentieth District 

County Name Address 

Anson Avery HiKlitowtT Wadesboro 

Anson F. O'Neil Jones Wadesboro 

Moore K, 0. BroRden Southern Pines 

Moore James VanCanip Carthage 

Kicliniond Jolin PaKe, Jr RockinKham 

Uichniond Hu(,'h Lee Rockingham 

Stanly 

Stanly 

Union 

Union 



Twenty-First District 

F(]rsytli Doris Jones Winston- Salem 

Fcirsyth John Walker Winston -Salem 

Forsytli Otis A. Jones Winston -Salem 



Twenty-Second District 

Alexander Fred York Taylors villa 

Alexander William P. Ingram Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. Dan Davis Hiddenlte 

Davidson R. F. Vanlandingham Thomasville 

Davidson Charlie Mauze Lexington 

Davie (Jeorge Martin Mocksville 

Davie Peter Hairston Mocksville 

Iredell J. Wesley Jones, Jr Statesville 

Iredell Joe Knox Moorcsville 

Iredell Mrs. Max James Statesville 



Twenty-Third District 

Alleghany R. F. Crouse Sparta 

Alleghany Mrs. Rebecca Choate Sparta 

Alleghany 

Ashe Thomas S. Johnston Jefferson 

Ashe Wade E. Vannoy, Jr Jefferson 

Wilkes (ieorge Wiebel N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Cecil Lee Porter N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes W. G. Mitchell N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Fred Brandon Rt. 3, Yadkinville 

Yadkin Robert Weatiierman Jonesville 



Twenty-Fourth District 

Avery C. Fred Coffey Banner Elk 

Avery J. D. Ellis Elk Park 

Madison Troy K. Ramsey Marsliall 

Madison Swann B. Huff Hot Springs 

Mitchell C. W. Willis Rakersville 

Mitchell Mrs. Howard Young Bakersville 

Watauga Jerry Perry Boone 

Watauga Curtis Williams Boone 

Yancey Ptiillip Thomas Burnsville 

Yancey E. L. Briggs Burnsville 



State Committees, Democratic 201 

Twenty-Fifth District 

County Name Address 

Burke Ernest Yoder Hildebran 

Burke Roy Giles Glen Alpine 

Burke Willard Richie Morganton 

Caldwell E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Caldwell Ted West Lenoir 

Caldwell Fate Beal Lenoir 

Catawba E. Murray Tate Hickory 

Catawba 1). Hovey Rt. 2, Hickory 

Catawba Stanley J. Corne Newton 

Twenty-Sixth District 

Mecklenburg County Executive Comittee 

Twenty-Seventh District 

Cleveland Fred Flowers Shelby 

Cleveland Bob Soutliwell Kings Mountain 

Cleveland Jack Palmer Shelby 

Caston H. B. Gaston, Sr Belmont 

Gaston Robert W. Kirby Cherry ville 

Lincoln C. E. Leatherman Lincolnton 

Lincoln William L. Morris Lincolnton 

Lincoln John R. Friday Lincolnton 

Twenty-Eighth District 

Buncombe Robert J. Robinson Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. Ed O'Donnell Barnardsville 

Twenty-Ninth District 

Henderson Robert M. Redden Hendersonville 

Henderson Fred W. Streetmon Hendersonville 

McDowell Arnold Teems Old Fort 

McDowell Frank Yarborough Marion 

Polk W. A. McFarland Tryon 

Polk William H. Miller Tryon 

Rutherford J. Toliver Davis Forest City 

Rutherford H. Paul Bridges Cliffside 

Transylvania James Avery Brevard 

Transylvania Mrs. George Justus Brevard 

Thirtieth District 

Clierokee L. L. Mason, Jr Murphy 

Clierokee Mvra S. Walker Andrews 

Clay W. E. Carter Haysville 

Clay Carl Moses Haysville 

Graham Clint Sawyer Robbinsville 

Graham 0. W. Hooper, Sr Rol)binsville 

Haywood Mrs. George Brown Waynesville 

Haywood Howard Leatherwood Waynesville 

Jack.son W. B. Dillard Sylva 

Jackson R. Pliillip Ha ire Sylva 

Macon E. J. Whitmire Franklin 

Macon Edward Shotley Franklin 

Swain George Davis Bryson City 

Swain Mrs. Garner Robinson Bryson City 



202 



North Carolina Manual 



State Democratic Solicitorial District Executive 

Committees 

1968 



First District 

County Name Address 

Beaufort T. K. Thompson, Jr Aurora 

Beaufort Hallett S. Ward Washinuton 

Camden Mrs. E. V. Leaiy Old Trap 

Camden K. K. Benton South Mills 

Chowan John A. Mitchener, Jr Edenton 

Chowan Tena M. Leary Edenton 

Currituck VV. W. Jar vis, Jr Moyock 

Currituck Koy Sawyer Jarvisburg 

Dare Frank M. Cahoon Manteo 

Dare Melvin R. Daniels Wancliese 

Gates Mrs. Horace Carter Gatesville 

Gates Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Hyde H. E. Rliem Kt. 3, Belhaven 

Hvde L. A. Lupton Scranton 

Pasquotank Jotin H. Hall Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank .Mrs. A. O. Smith Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Silas Wliedbee Hertford 

Perquimans Walter Oakey Hertford 

Tyrrell H. T. Davenport Columbus 

Tyrrell Lem A. Cohoon Columbus 

Second District 

Pkii,'ecoml>e Larry P. Eagles Tarboro 

Edgecombe R. B. Owens Fountain 

Martin Don .Mattliews, Jr Hamilton 

Martin Leroy Harrison Williamston 

Nash Roy A. Cooper, Jr.. Xasliville 

Nash Mrs. Fred Harris Bailey 

Washington Paul Formier Plymouth 

Washington Thomas Hedgepeth Plymouth 

Wilson L. H. (:ibl)ons Wilson 

Wilson John Webb Wilson 

Third District 

Bertie .Mrs. Ray Widener Lewiston 

Bertie J. L. Parker, Jr Colerain 

Halifax W. R. Bryant Scotland Ne<k 

Halifax Ed Knott Roanoke Rapids 

Hertford J. L. Davden RED, Ahoskie 

Hertford Maynard Callis Rt. 1, Cofleld 

Norttiampton Bruce Johnson Conway 

Northampton Angus A. McKellar Jackson 

Vance .Mrs. Sara Walker Henderson 

Vance Dave Fuller Henderson 

Warren Ernest Turner Warrenton 

Warren W. S. Smiley Macon 



Fourth District 

Harnett L. M. Chatt'in Lillington 

Harnett Marsiiall Woodall Lillington 

Harnett D. K. Stewart Dunn 



State Committees, Democratic 203 

County Name Address 

Johnston Herman Stewart RFD, Four Oaks 

Johnston Hoyt Castleberry RFD, Clayton 

Johnston D. E. Wilder RFD, Middlesex 

Lee Orton J. Cameron Sanford 

Lee J- Allen Harrington Sanford 

Wayne Ray Long Goldsboro 

Wayne , John Kerr, III Goldsboro 

Wayne Fred Parker, Jr Goldsboro 

Fifth District 

Carteret Wiley H. Taylor Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. Fred McBryde Morehead City 

Craven Lamy B. Pate New Bern 

Craven George Bryan Bridgeton 

Greene William R. Jenkins Walstonburg 

Greene 0. P. Miller, Jr Snow Hill 

Jones Starling Pelletier Maysville 

Jones Mrs. Tom H. Foscue Maysville 

Pamlico Milton Brinson Grantsboro 

Pamlico Wilson Brinson Arapahoe 

Pitt Lloyd Fornes Rt. 2, Greenville 

Pitt Alton Barrett Greenville 

Sixth District 

Duplin W. E. Craft Kenansville 

Duplin Mrs. Winifred T. Wells Wallace 

Duplin Winsor F. Johnson Rose Hill 

Lenoir Althro Hill Pink Hill 

Lenoir Park Williams Kinston 

Lenoir 

Onslow H. M. Emmett Sneads Ferry 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Onslow A. Turner Shaw, Jr Jacksonville 

Sampson Charley McCuUen Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. Cora Bass Clinton 

Sampson J. C. Jacobs Rt. 2, Clinton 

Seventh District 

Franklin A. L. Pearce Rt. 3. Zebulon 

Franklin L. S. Ward Rt. 2, Louisburg 

Franklin Neil Jennings Louisburg 

Wake County Executive Committee 

Eighth District 

Brunswick A. H. Gainey, Jr Southport 

Brunswick Kirby Sullivan Southport 

Brunswick Mrs. A. P. Henry Winnabow 

Columbus Mrs. Peggy Walton Whiteville 

Columbus Bill Freedman RFD, Whiteville 

Columbus Benton H. Walton, III Chadbourn 

New Hanover William Hill, II Wilmington 

New Hanover F. P. Fensel Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Thelma BuH Wilmuigton 

Pender Robert W. Johnson Burgaw 

Pender Elgin F. Langston Hampstead 

Pender Mrs. Dorothy Mills ..Burgaw 



20 4 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Manual 

Ninth District 

County Name Address 

Hla (It'll (iraydin Melvin Elizabetlitown 

HIa (it'll litrn Smith Clark ton 

Hlatlfii I). M. Campbell Elizabetlitown 

Cumberlanci Henry Tyson Rt. 7, Fayetteville 

CiinibtrlaiKl .Tolin Henley Hope Mills 

Ciiniberlaiid Lester (J. Carter, .Tr Fayetteville 

Hoke (i. A. Kdliinson Kaeford 

Hoke ('. II. I{(istie Rt. 1, Lumber Hridue 

Hoke Charles Hosteller Raeford 

Robeson .Mrs. (Jrady Cliavis Rt. 1, Luniberton 

Robeson Lewis Crahani Red Siirintis 

Robeson W. L. Johnson Lumberton 

Tenth District 

Alamance Roy Massey RFD, Burlintcton 

Alamance James E. Cross Burliiijiton 

Alamance Klijah VV. Shaw RFD, Burlington 

Chatham Tom Reeves Pittsboro 

Chat ham C. A. Simons Mt. Vernon Springs 

Chatham Sam Reece Slier City 

Durham Durham f]xecutive Committee 

Granville T. S. Royster, Jr Oxford 

Granville Wilson Day Rt. .5, Oxford 

Orange James W. Taylor Rt. 2, Hillsborough 

Orange Hob Cooper Chapel Hill 

Orange Jack Lasley. Chaiul Hill 

Person R. B. Dawes, Jr Roxboro 

Person James Ramsey Roxboro 

Eleventh District 

Alleghany R. L. Gamble Sparta 

Alleghany Mrs. Ernest Edwards Sparta 

Alletjhanv 

Ashe C. Frank Colvard, Jr West Jefferson 

Ashe Earl B. Gray heal West Jefferson 

Twelfth District 

Davidson Geort'e Saintsing Thomasville 

Davidson Willie Everhart Lexington 

Davidson 

(Juilford I). P. Whitley High Point 

Guilford Percy Wall Greensboro 

(Juilford Mrs. Horace Kornegay Greensboro 

Thirteenth District 

Anson Enos Edwards Wadesboro 

Anson R. E. Little, III Wadesboro 

Moore Robert N. Paige, III Aberdeen 

Moore Dock G. Smith Robbiiis 

Richmond J. G. Davis Rockingham 

Richmond W. M. Gibson Hamlet 

Scotland Kenneth Et bridge Laurinburg 

Scotland Calvin Williams East Laurinburg 

Stanly 

Stanly 

Stanly 

I'nion 

Union 



State Committees, Democratic 205 

Fourteenth District 

County Name Address 

Mecklenburg County Executive Committee 

Gaston County Executive Committee 

Fifteenth District 

Alexander Herman Lackey Rt. 2, Hiddenite 

Alexander Ray Lackey Stoney Point 

Cabarrus John S. Hartsell Concord 

Cal)arrus Clyde L. I'ropst Concord 

Iredell Henry Long Statesville 

Iredell Troy Pope Statesville 

Iredell Mrs. John R. McLaughlin Statesville 

Montgomery Ralph Haywood Troy 

Montgomery Charles Dorsett Mt. Gilead 

Randolpli Tliad T. Moser Asheboro 

Randolph Dean Bell Aslieboro 

Randolph Lawrence T. Hammond, Sr Aslieboro 

Rowan James Rideoutte Salisbury 

Rowan W. C. Stanback Salisbury 

Sixteenth District 

Burke Howard Kincaid Morganton 

Burke Avery Ervin Morganton 

Caldwell Ernest Bean Hudson 

Caldwell Robert A. Gibbons Lenoir 

Catawba Eddy S. Merritt Hickory 

Catawba Lewis E. Waddell, Jr Newton 

Cleveland Bill Plonk Rt. 3, Kings Mountain 

Cleveland Ralph Dixon Fallston, N, C. 

Lincoln M. L. Huggins Lincolnton 

Lincoln James Peeler Lincolnton 

Lincoln W. H. Childs, Sr Lincolnton 

Watauga Mrs. Dan Rice Boone 

Watauga Ray Derrick Boone 

Seventeenth District 

Avery Mrs. Hope B. Teaster Minneanolis 

Avery George W. Nesbltt Elk Park 

Davie Lester Martin Mocksville 

Davie Mrs. Ramey Kemp Mocksville 

Mitchell Robert Barren Bakersville 

Mitchell Mrs. Albert Canipe Spruce Pine 

Wilkes Max Fourie N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Mrs. Millard Mathis Roaring Gap 

Yadkin Wade Hobson East Bend 

Yadkin. Albert J. Martin Booneville 

Eighteenth District 

Henderson A. J. Redden, Jr Hendersonville 

Henderson Harley Stepp Hendersonville 

McDowell E. P. Dameron Marion 

McDowell E. C. Carnes Marion 

Polk Bob Adams Try on 

Polk Janie Thompson Columbus 

Rutherford Forest M. Edwards Rutherfordton 

Rutherford .Mrs. Leonard Lowe Caroleen 

Transylvania Mrs. Tom Walker Brevard 

Transylvania Oscar Harliin Brevard 

Yancey Martin Wilson, Jr Burnsville 

Yancey Raymond Fox Burnsville 



20 6 North Cakoi.ina Manual 

Nineteenth District 

County Name Address 

Biiiiciinibe F. I'ierce Carter Aslifville 

Buncombe Kobert E. Kiddle Asbeville 

Buncombe (I. Ward Hiiidon AshevilU^ 

Madison (Jlenwood Wallin Rt. 4, Marsli;ill 

Madison Roy Freeman Rt. ri, Marsliall 

Madison Robert L. Edwards Mars Hill 

Twentieth District 

Cberokee David Sliields Mui |ih.v 

("lierokee Ray Sims Maililc 

Clay Mrs, Ora McGlamery Haysville 

Clay Ricliard Powers Haysville 

Graham Modeal Walsli ..Robbiiisville 

Graham .Tames .Jordan Rolibiiisville 

Haywood DicPc Powell Clyde 

Haywood George Brown Waynesville 

Jackson Fred B. Holcomlie Sylva 

Jackson Brad Pell Casliiers 

Macon Sam Greenwood Franklin 

Macon fieorjie Byrd Franklin 

Swain Bennett Arvey Bryson City 

Swain Martha Crutclifield Bryson City 

Twenty-First District 

Caswell W. A. Cobti Rt. 1, RutTin 

Caswell Ralph O. Vernon Kt. 1. Blaiidi 

Caswell Georse M. Harris Vance.\ vljle 

Rockiiif^ham M. A. .Morgan. Jr Reidsville 

Rockint;ham Herbert Ho|i|ier Eden 

Rockingham Broaddiis P.uiuess Etien 

Stokes A. V. Ellington Wahiut Cove 

Stokes Marvin Gentry King 

Surry Charles Randleman Mt. Airy 

Surry Mrs. Ro.xie Roth Elkin 



County Chairmen — Democratic Executive Committee 

1968 

County Name Address 

.Alamance (George A. Long Burlington 

Alexander J. M. Lackey Rt. 2, Hiddc riite 

Alleghany Tom Gamliill Sparta 

Anson Herman H. Hardison, Jr Wadeslioro 

Ashe Tliomas S. Johnston JetTersoii 

Avery Ralph Gwaltney Banner Elk 

Beaufort Lloyd Sloan, Jr Wasliington 

Bertie W. L. Cooke Windsor 

Bladen R. J. Hester, Jr Elizahetlitoun 

Brunswick Clint Bellamy Soul li port 

Buncombe Robert J. Robinson Aslieville 

Burke Claude Sitton IMorganton 

Cabarrus M. Smoot Lyles Conc(jrd 

Caldwell Colon Prestwood Lenoir 

Camden E. P. Leary Camden 

Carteret A. H. James Beaufort 



State Committees, Democratic 207 

County Name Address 

Caswell Clarence L. Pemberton Yanceyville 

Catawba Harry Vanderlinden Hickory 

Chatham Jack A. Moody Siler City 

Cherokee George Postell Rt. 2, Murphy 

Chowan Tom H. Shepard Edenton 

Clay Mrs. Gladys H. Jarrett Hayesville 

Cleveland Cameron Ware Rt. 3, Kings Mountain 

Columbus R- Brooks Stanley Whiteville 

Craven A. D. Ward New Bern 

Cumberland <^arl Reece Lancaster Fayetteville 

Currituck S. A. Walker Moyock 

Dare Robert D. Owens Manteo 

Davidson Robert B. Smith, Jr Lexington 

Davie Broadus Melton, Jr Rt. 1, Advance 

Duplin H. L. Stevens, III Kenansville 

Durham Dr. Eugene Greuling Durham 

Edgecombe C. W. Wickham . .Tarboro 

Forsyth David P. Mast, Jr. Winston-Salem 

Franklin -^Irs. John C. Pernell Rt. 4, Louisburg 

Gaston George A. Jenkins Gastonia 

Gates. G. P. Kittrell Corapeake 

Graham Ross Smith Robbinsville 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Greene. H. Maynard Hicks Snow Hill 

Guilford J. H. Froelich, Jr High Point 

Halifax A. Leonidas Hux Roanoke Rapids 

Harnett S. (Jerald Arnold Lillington 

Haywood Henry Clayton Waynesville 

Henderson Robert R. Livingston Henderson ville 

Hertford W. Ivey Johnson Ahoskie 

Hoke Sam C. Morris Raeford 

Hyde H. E. Rhem Rt. 1, Belhaven 

Iredell K. L. Raymer, Jr Troutman 

Jackson Harry Shelton Whittier 

Johnston W. B. Strickland Smithfield 

Jones J. W. Creagh, Jr Pollocksville 

Lee Ralpli Monger, Jr Sanford 

Lenoir Oscar Waller Rt. 5, Kinston 

Lincoln Jake A. Burgin Lincolnton 

Macon Jerry Sutton Franklin 

Madison J. C. Wallin, Jr Rt. 4, Marshall 

Martin Evan Griffin Williamston 

McDowell John Gilkey Marion 

Mecklenburg John R. Ingle Charlotte 

Mitchell Ben Robinson RFD, Bakersville 

Montgomery lohn T. Kern Star 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 

Nash J. Ed Davenport Nashville 

New Hanover L. J. Poisson. Jr Wilmington 

Northampton T. G. Joyner Garysburg 

Onslow .Marshall F. Dotson, Jr Jacksonville 

Orange Roger Foushee Chapel Hill 

Pamlico Robert Horton Stonewall 

Pasquotank Phil G. Sawyer, Jr Elizabeth City 

Pender Dr. John T. Dees Burgaw 

Perquimans Robert Sutton Rt. 3, Hertford 

Person Mrs. A. F. Nichols Roxboro 

Pitt U. C. Winslow Greenville 

Polk William A. McFarland Columbus 

Randolph Richard Earl Johnson Rt. 1, Randleman 

Richmond Hugh A. Lee Rockingham 

Robeson Luther J. Britt, Jr Lumberton 

Rockingham Allen H. Gwyn, Jr Reidsville 

Rowan James F. Morton Salisbury 

Rutherford Hollis Owens, Jr Rutherfordton 

Sampson Lewis W. Tappan Clinton 



208 



North Carolina Manual 



County 



Name 



Address 



Scotland Wade Maness Laurel Hill 

Stanly Hii>;h H. Eflrd Albemarle 

Stokes Ralph J. Scott Danbury 

Surry W. Frank Comer Dobson 

Swain O'Neal Muse Bryson City 

Transylvania Ernest Gilstrap Brevard 

Tyrrell Clair E. Morris Rt. 2, Columbia 

Union Dewey L. EnRlish, Jr Monroe 

Vance JI. L. HiRlit Henderson 

Wake J- Allen Adams RaleiRh 

Warren Frank B. Banzet Warrenton 

Wasliington Dmifclas Davenport Creswell 

WatauKa James A. Dueler Rt. 1, Boone 

Wavne C. Brantley Strickland (Joldsboro 

Wilkes W. F. Abslier, Jr N. Wilkesboro 

Wilson Russell L. Stei)lienson Wilson 

Yadkin James J. Randleman Jonesville 

Yancey Harlon Holcomb Burnsville 



County Vice Chairmen — Demacratic Executive 

Committee 

1968 



County 



Name 



Address 



Alamance Mrs. Ronald Harden Burlintiton 

Alexander Lucille R. Warren Rt. 2, Taylorsville 



Alleghany .Mrs. 

Anson Jane 

Ashe .Mrs. 

Avery .Mrs. 

Beaufort Jul in 

Bertie Mrs. 

Bladen Mrs. 

Brunswick .Mrs. 

Buncombe .Mrs. 

Burke Mrs. 

Cabarrus .Mrs. 

Caldwell Mrs. 

Camden -Mrs. 

Carteret .Mrs. 

Caswell .Mrs. 

Catawba .Mrs. 

Chatluim .Mrs. 

Cherokee Mrs. 

Clio wan .Mrs. 

Clay Will)! 

Cleveland .Mrs. 



H 



len S. Folger Sparta 

I'ratt Wadesboro 

Ruth T. Draiiuhen West Jefferson 

Rutli H. Calloway New land 

A. Winfield Pinetown 

K. S. I'uuli Windsor 

Wanda S. Campbell Elizabethtown 

Ina .Mae .Mintz Bolivia 

Ed O'Donnell Burnsville 

Nancy Duckwortli Morgan ton 

A. W. Tliomas Concord 

I'iiillip K. Triplett Granite Falls 

(Irady Stevens Sbiloli 

Opal Hill Beaufort 

Billy Cobb Ruflin 

.lolin .M. At)ernethy Newton 

Bruie Stroud Rt. 3, Chapel Hill 

('. W. Cover Andrews 

E, N. Elliott Tyner 

irn .Mingus Hayesville 

Warren Gamble Slielby 



Columbus R. Brooks Stanley Whiteville 



Craven .Mrs. 

Cumberland .Mrs. 

Currituck Mrs. 

Dare Mrs. 

Davidson .Mrs. 

Davie Mrs. 

Duplin Mrs. 

Durliam Mrs. 

Edgecombe Mrs. 

Forsyth Mrs 



W. H, I'rescott New Bern 

Rudolpli Singleton, Sr Fayetteville 

Dudley Bagley Moyock 

Estelle Tillett Manteo 

.Mary .Mice Eanes Thomasville 

Muriel Goode Cooleemee 

Janice B. Williams Beulaville 

Ann At water Durliam 

J. W. Sexton Rocky Mount 

Ray J. Reed Winston -Salem 



Franklin Calvin W. Brown Franklinton 



State Committees, Democratic 



209 



County 



Name Address 

Betty C. Cauthen Gastonia 

Dorothy WaRoner Gatesville 

Mabelle Sawyer Robbinsville 

.Toe A. Walking Oxford 

Robert Aiken Snow Hill 

I'aul Gilmore Julian 



Gaston Mrs. 

Gates Mrs. 

Graham Mrs. 

CJranville Mrs. 

(Jrt-ene Mrs. 

Guilford Mrs. 

Halifax Mable J. Johnson Halifax 



Harnett Mrs. 

Haywood Mrs. 

Henderson .Mrs. 

Hertford Mrs. 

Hoke Mrs. 

Hyde Mrs. 

Iredell Mrs. 

Jackson Mrs. 

Johnston Mrs. 

Jones Mrs. 

Lee Mrs. 

Lenoir .Mollie 

Lincoln Mrs. 

Macon Mrs. 

Madison Mrs. 

Martin Mrs. 

McDowell Mrs. 

Mecklenburg Mrs. 

Mitchell Mrs. 

Montgomery Mrs. 

.Moore Mrs. 

Nasti Mrs. 

New Hanover Mrs. 

Northampton Mrs. 

Onslow Mrs. 

Orange Betty 



I'amlico Mrs 

I'asciuotank Mrs. 

Pender Mrs. 

Perquimans Mrs. 

Person E. P. 

Pitt Mrs. 

Polk Mrs. 

Randolph Mrs. 

Richmond Mrs. 

Robeson Mrs. 

Rockingham Mrs. 

Rowan Pearl 

Rutherford 

Sampson Mrs. 

Scotland 

Stanly Mrs. 

Stokes Mrs. 

Surry Mrs, 



Addie Faucett Rt. 2, Lillington 

James E. Murray Waynesville 

Louise Baxter Henderson ville 

Gilbert Whitley Como 

T. J. Harris Rt. 3, Red Springs 

Mildred Gibbs Englehard 

Charles Lynn Rt. 4, Statesville 

Agnes Fisher Sylva 

Macy Hoyle Smithfield 

Wayne Haskins Rt. 1, Trenton 

Kemp Gaddy Sanford 

B. Hart Kinston 

Hal Hoyle, Jr Lincolnton 

Jack Sherrill Franklin 

Dorothy Wyatt Rt. 6, Marshall 

Edna Purvis Rt. 1, Bethel 

Ralph K. Ostrom Marion 

Charles T. Myers Charlotte 

A. N. Fuller Spruce Pine 

R. B. Jordan Mt. Gilead 

Sarah Hodgkins Southern Pines 

Eloise L. Bass Rt. 2, Nashville 

Eunice Benway Carolina Beach 

Edna Futrell Woodland 

George D. Watkins Jacksonville 

June Hayes Hillsborough 



Brinson Arapahoe 

Beverly M. Small Rt. 1, Elizabeth City 

Reece M. Lefler Willard 

Myrtle Bundy Hertford 

Warren Hurdle Mills 

William F. Tyson Stokes 

Worth Walker Chesnee, S. C. 

Janice Scarborough Asheboro 

Miriam Taylor Hamlet 

Betty Ayers St. Pauls 

J. C. Johnson, Jr Madison 

Thompson Rt. 6, Salisbury 

Reta Henley Roseboro 



Jeanne Morris Albemarle 

Marjorie P. Christian Danbury 

Roxie Roth Elkin 

Swain Minnie Lee Wright Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. Bern ice Randolph Brevard 

Tyrrell Mrs. Borden McCless Columbia 

Union 

Vance Evelyn Debnam Welcome 



Wake Mrs. 

Warren Mrs. 

Washington Mrs. 

Watauga Mrs. 

Wayne -Mrs. 

Wilkes Wilma 

Wilson .Mrs. E 



Yadkin Mrs. Rutli Mackie 

Yancey Glenna Thomas 



Ted Daniel Raleigh 

Walter Bender Rt. 2, Norlina 

Willy -M. Winfleld Creswell 

Rachel Hartley Boone 

.Marv Hall Peacock Fremont 

Lovette Roaring River 

Sharp Newton Wilson 



Boles Yadkinville 

.Rt. 2, Burnsville 



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE 
PLATFORM 1968 

NATIONAL, AFFAIRS 

The present national Administration and indeed the Democrat 
Party itself, is marked, among other things, by two extremely 
dangerous trends: One, an ever-increasing unwarranted central- 
ization of power in the Federal Government; and two, an utter 
disregard for financial responsibility in our national fiscal affairs. 

We ask only for the free opportunity to do things for ourselves 
and our country. This is a nation which has prospered in a cli- 
mate of freedom which has permitted each individual to develop 
his maximum potential. We must move away from the deadening 
influence of paternalism and return to policies which stimulate 
and encourage individual incentive. Then, and only then, can our 
nation march forward to its greater destiny — strong enough to 
discourage outside influences and sensitive to the welfare of all 
its citizens at home. 

Fiscal Intej»Tity: 

The record of the present administration shows a continuing 
disregard for the importance of fiscal integrity in national affairs. 
We commend the efforts of Congressmen Charles R. Jonas, James 
T. Broyhill, and James C. Gardner to stem the tide of irresponsible 
governmental spending. Our state needs more Republican Con- 
gressmen to help organize the Congress and direct its fiscal poli- 
cies into channels more in line with the thinking of the people 
of North Carolina. 

Section 14-B: 

The freedom to obtain and retain employment is a basic human 
right. We commend the vigorous efforts of our Republican con- 
gressional leadership in the defense of and in their successful 
support of the individual workman's pursuance of this right as 
guaranteed by Section 14-B of the Taft-Hartley Act which permits 
our State to retain its "Right to Work Law". 

210 



Republican Platfobm 211 



Foreigfn Affairs t 



The lack of leadership displayed by the current administration 
in stemming Communist imperialism throughout the world, and 
in particular in Southeast Asia, has brought our national prestige 
to its lowest ebb. What our nation needs is Republican leadership 
to let the interest and national safety of this country and the free 
world be the foundation of our foreign policy and to support that 
policy with firmness and with strength. 



STATE AFFAIRS 

North Carolina possesses potential unexcelled by any of the 
other 49 states. That potential is the ability of our citizens. This 
state has been unable to utilize its potential because of the one- 
party system of government exhibited by the Democrat Party in 
the last 67 years. When any political party is too long in power, 
it becomes primarily interested in its own perpetuation without 
primary regard to the best interest of the people. Our present 
low position among the states in education, health, welfare, in- 
come, etc., is proof of the results of the one-party system. 



PLTBLJC EDUCATION 

With a firm conviction that an excellent educational system is 
the first prerequisite for representative government, and with 
the belief that only educated citizens can preserve the liberties 
won for them at great cost by their forefathers, the Republican 
party in North Carolina dedicates itself to the position that 
education is the most important function of State and Local Gov- 
ernment in a free society. 

We praise the dedication our teachers have shown under ad- 
verse circumstances. North Carolina educational programs rank 
near the bottom in the nation in all categories. In spite of low 
ratings in education, the records tend to show that we rank near 
the top in per capita expenditures for education. It seems evident 
that we are paying for more education than our schools are pro- 
viding. 

A comparison of the educational history of Republican States 
with that of Democrat States during the last 6 7 years points to 



212 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

the undeniable fact that Republican States lead the nation in the 
field of education, while Democrat States rank near the bottom 
in every evaluation of school standards. We pledge ourselves 
to the task of elevating North Carolina from the low educational 
position she has occupied during 67 years of Democrat rule. 

The Republican Party favors a program of incentives and 
teacher selection to attract and hold superior teachers. We pledge 
a continuation of the efforts made by the entire Republican dele- 
gation in the 1967 General Assembly to secure an adequate salary 
for teachers. We propose to continue our efforts to strengthen 
job security for those who teach our children by enacting genu- 
ine teacher tenure legislation. We feel that this would remove 
political pressures from the classroom. 

Instructors should be highly trained for the areas in which 
they teach. Teachers must be given time to teach and pupils 
time in which to learn. We support special programs for the 
exceptionally talented and for the handicapped. We favor more 
emphasis on physical fitness in athletic programs. 

Our Republican congressional leadership will continue to work 
for legislation allowing a certain percentage of the Federal In- 
come tax paid by the residents of North Carolina to be returned 
directly to the states to be used by the states for education with- 
out federal control. 

North Carolina Republicans, realizing the urgent need for more 
and better public school buildings, propose that the State return 
to the counties 15% of sales and use tax collections to be used 
for this purpose. This program would eliminate expensive in- 
terest payments on bonds and would return over 20 million dollars 
annually to the counties. Within 10 years North Carolina would 
have one of the finest school systems in the nation. 

The Republican Party is committed to the principle that each 
generation should furnish adequate support for the training of 
its youth. It is opposed to programs of deficit finance, which 
bind future generations to relieve the present of its responsibili- 
ties. We pledge ourselves to efficient administration, maximum 
use of school facilities and elimination of waste in our educa- 
tional system. We promise constant scrutiny of the entire edu- 
cational system to the end that essentials be held in focus and 
the goal of an educated citizenry be realized. 



Republican Platform 213 



HIGHER EDUCATION 



The Republican Party favors continued expansion of our sys- 
tem of higher education in keeping with the steady increase of 
population and growing complexity of modern society. 

We favor full utilization, expansion, and support for our fledg- 
ling regional industrial and technical educational facilities. Our 
citizens must have an opportunity to develop their potential with- 
in their means. 

Believing the Community College is a sound solution for those 
who want the education it affords, but are financially unable to 
bear the high cost in colleges and universities, we favor the 
careful location of Community Colleges so that all sections of 
the state will be provided with this facility. We favor better 
financial assistance from the State in capital outlay, especially 
in those sections where the indebtedness and tax rate will pro- 
hibit the establishment of a community college without greater 
state support. 

We advocate allowing qualified state supported colleges and 
universities in diverse sections of the state to offer masters 
degrees and doctorates in education in order that teachers may 
continue their work towards these degrees while they teach. 

We feel that, in any expansion of our system of higher educa- 
tion, the interests of the State's excellent private colleges should 
be given consideration. 

The Republican Party believes that justice demands that the 
governing boards of all institutions of higher education be selected 
on a non-partisan basis. 



LOCAL CONTROL OF EDUCATION 

Republican members of the 19 69 General Assembly will con- 
tinue to work for legislation insuring county and city control 
over Boards of Education by direct vote of the people in non- 
partisan elections at the time of the General Election. 



214 North Carolina Manual 

GOVERNMENT TAXES AND SPENDING 

Wherever a citizen of North Carolina turns he finds himself 
faced with a tax: inheritance tax, license tax, franchise tax, in- 
come tax, sales and use tax, excise tax, real property tax, personal 
property tax, fuel tax, etc. (Then he must pay his federal 
taxes.) The true taxpayer of North Carolina is clearly assuming 
an evergrowing burden. To be sure, some of our tax money has 
been used for the benefit of the citizens of this State whether they 
be taxpayers or non-taxpayers. But the Republican Party of 
North Carolina maintains that neither the taxpayer nor the non- 
taxpaying citizen is receiving the maximum benefit from taxes. 
The Republican Party believes that the taxpayers not only have 
a right to know how their hard earned tax dollars are being 
spent, but also to have the maximum benefit from the expenditure 
of these tax dollars for the citizens of this State. We maintain 
that the tax burden on the average taxpayer can actually be de- 
creased while the benefits to our citizens are increased. 

We pledge ourselves to a realistic system of taxation with 
scrupulous control and audit. We believe in full periodic public 
disclosure of our State financial position. We insist upon public 
control of expenditures. And to these ends our efforts will be 
unflagging. 

CIVIL RIGHTS 

We are committed to the protection of rights and equal oppor- 
tunities for all American citizens. Particularly, we object to the 
current practice of the present administration of paying only lip- 
service to equal job opportunities and non-discriminatory hiring. 
However, we deplore the arbitrary and capricious methods by 
which the present national administration has withheld or threat- 
ened to withhold federal funds in order to achieve forced racial 
balance in various programs receiving federal assistance. To 
ignore the free choices of all citizens and to insist upon forced 
racial balance is insulting to members of all races. 

STATE GOV'ERNMENT ADMINISTRATION 

In order to promote better state government we advocate: 

1. The governor should have the power of veto as do all other 
4 9 state governors and as does the president. 



Rkpuislican Platform 215 

2. State employees should be protected by civil service in order 
to attract and hold capable persons. 

3. A comptroller general should be appointed by the legislature 
to oversee the budget and be responsible only to the legisla- 
ture. 

4. The legislature should delegate authority to the counties and 
municipalities of this state in matters which are purely of 
local concern, freeing the legislature to concern itself with 
pressing state matters. 

5. A study commission should be set up to study each individual 
agency of the state with the prime purpose of determining 
whether the combination or abolishment of an agency would 
lead to a more effective use of pei'sonnel and money while 
better serving our citizens. 

6. Providing a check on the majority party by including at least 
two members of the minority party on the membership of the 
Advisory Budget Commission. 

7. Laws to insure and encourage truly competitive bidding and 
restrict "open-end contracts" in state purchasing. 



STATE EMPLOYEES 

The Republican Party commends the excellent service of State 
Employees who have done their jobs despite the undue burden of 
political pressure exerted by the Democrat Party. It has been 
and is the desire of the Republican Party to enhance the position 
and security of State Employees. A politically free Civil Service 
System would eliminate political servitude as it now exists and 
would allow State Employees to concentrate upon the productive 
work of their office. The Republican Party has sponsored legis- 
lation to accomplish this in every session of the legislature since 
1961. 



State Represent 




1 1; 



e Districts -1966 




21' 



218 NoHTii Cauoi.ina Maxuat, 

SK('1{K(^' IN (JOVKltXMKXT 

The Republican Party takes tlie ])()sition that no person, or 
^roiii) of persons, has the ri,s;ht to deny people the access to meet- 
ings ;i'i(i deliberations ol" any branch of their government. 

We further believe that the citizens of this state have the ab- 
solute and unciualified rij;ht to know all tlie facts concerning the 
affairs of their government. 

We oppose secret meetings of any Legislative Committee, Com- 
mission, Board, or Administrative Department. 



HOADS AND HKiHWAYS 

A network of well located and well maintained highways is 
essential to the well being of our state. We pledge ourselves to 
achieve this goal by eliminating from state policy the considera- 
tion of party or factional loyalty in the appointment of com- 
missioners. We deplore the present policy of location and con- 
struction priorities based on the support of the winning guber- 
natorial candidate. The total state interest is not served by 
sectional and political favoritism. 

HIGHAVAY SAFETY 

There is no simple solution to the increasing slaughter upon 
our highways, but an effective state program dealing with every 
aspect of the problem is urgent. 

Increased emphasis upon driver education, both in our schools 
and adult clinics, and upon public information forums is essen- 
tial in making our citizenry safety-conscious. 

Highway engineering and construction to eliminate locations 
of high accident frequency Is a life-saver which cannot be delayed. 

Above all, there should be vigorus and impartial law enforce- 
ment to instill in law violators a healthy respect for the traffic 
laws. Meddling with the State Highway Patrol for political rea- 
sons is inexcusable whether on a local or gubernatorial level. 

The Republican Party condemns such political interference with 
highway law enforcement and commits itself to a strict, impaitial 
enforcement of our traffic laws. 



Repxtblican Platform 219 

JUDICIARY 

The Democrat politicians have demonstrated hypocrisy and bad 
faith by opposing Republican legislation designed to eliminate 
the reprehensible practice of nominating Superior Court judges 
by district while depriving the citizens of that district of free- 
dom of choice by placing election on a statewide basis. The Re- 
publican Party will continue to advocate open and uninhibited 
election of these judges by the people of the district in which 
they are to serve. 



LAW AND ORDER 

The foundation of any civilized society is a system of law and 
order. If the foundation is poorly constructed, or allowed to de- 
teriorate, the social structure collapses. The Republican Party 
is irrevocably dedicated to an orderly society ruled by law with 
justice for all citizens without the least regard to their race, 
religion, political affiliation, or personal wealth. 

Realizing that law exists and functions in an orderly fashion 
only so long as it commands the respect of the citizens, we en- 
dorse an unrelenting effort on the part of our General Assembly 
to make certain that the rules which govern our conduct are 
morally and socially acceptable. We commend to our citizens 
their moral, financial, and physical support of our courts and law 
enforcement agencies. We encourage them to disapprove, dis- 
avow, and eliminate by vote those who have failed in the per- 
formance of their important duties. 

We insist that our law enforcement officials strictly resist 
both organized and individual breaches of the public right. We 
demand that our courts administer our laws uniformly and decree 
punishment for violation in keeping with the circumstances of 
the crime. 

We deplore the advances of both flagrant and clandestine crime. 
At all costs our streets must be safe for the law-abiding citizenry, 
our persons and our property inviolable. In this respect we mark 
well that the attraction of the forbidden fruits of crime seek out 
those in high places as well as those in low and that gasoline 
bombs, bullets, rocks, and bottles are colorblind and totally with- 
out racial prejudice. 



220 NoKTir Carolina Manttaf. 

We advocate for the preservation and stn^igthenins of law and 
order in this State (1) increased financing to the end that com- 
petent personnel can be attracted to and retained by our law 
enforcfMiient agencies and that those agencies can be equipped 
to meet the public need; (2) an adequate staffing of law enforce- 
ment agencies at all levels and personnel programs designed to 
encourage personnel to look upon law enforcement as a career; 
(3) an expanded and continuous training program for our law 
enforcement personnel to assist them in the acquisition of skills 
designed to enable them to fulfill their responsibilities. 

Enforcement of the law is the primary means of combating the 
immediate problem of protecting the rights of our citizens. Edu- 
cation and training are long range solutions to the same problem 
and are "preventive law enforcement" which will reduce many 
of the causes of crime while making better and more responsible 
citizens for the future. But the needs of the future should not 
over-shadow the present demands for certain and equal justice 
to restore the coufidence of our citizens in rule by law rather than 
rule by force. 

And, finally, we as individual citizens comprising the Republican 
Party, re-dedicate ourselves to the assistance of our law enforce- 
ment agencies, and encourage all other citizens of our State to 
join us. We will be "involved" because we realize that those who 
"don't want to become involved" in everyone's duty to assist in 
law enforcement does by his or her silence aid and abet the forces 
of violence and evil. Nor will we be deterred in our involvement 
by the popularity of a cause which is thought to excuse today's 
infraction. For should we do so we perceive that our concessions 
of today are potential precedents for tomorrow's tragedy. 



AGRICULTURE 

The Republican Party has long held that minimal agricultural 
diversification, low per capita incomes, and a declining rural 
population have accentuated the plight of North Carolina agri- 
culture. 

We recognize the inevitable changes which will l)e reshaping 
our farm economy through increased technology and mechaniza- 
tion. Therefore, we recommend: 



Republican Platform 221 

A. Greatly expanded technical assistance to enable farmers to 
face rapidly changing methods of production. 

B. Basic research through experiment stations which will open 
up new potentials in crop and livestock diversification. 

C. Availability of reasonable long term capital with which to 
finance needed mechanization. 

Further we feel greater emphasis should be exerted through 
all related state agencies to develop more processing and distribu- 
tion of local agricultural products. We see no valid reason for 
such high proportions of out-of-state agricultural products being 
imported to serve North Carolina markets. 



CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

We believe that the greatest single indictment against our 
present Conservation and Development Department is the shock- 
ingly low per capita income for the people of our state — 4 2nd 
among the 50 states. 

We submit this to be the most acute economic problem of our 
state. Attracting industries which utilize comparatively unskilled 
and untrained labor contributes very little to our overall problem 
of low per capita income. We want to see more emphasis on 
developing industries which would afford higher incomes to our 
state's wage earners. 



LABOR 

The Republican Party commends the working men and women 
of North Carolina, who, because of their efforts, have raised their 
standard of living and improved their working conditions. 

We support the proposition that through free and honest elec- 
tions the laboring people shall have an opportunity to determine 
whether or not they desire to affiliate with a union. We believe, 
however, that once they have elected to be represented by a union, 
that bargaining representatives should be given every reasonable 
and lawful opportunity to fulfill their interests through negotia- 
tion with management. 



222 NouTTi Carolina Manttai. 

The Republican Party has by past action displayed it« abiding 
desire to ensure that the working people of this State be fairly 
compensated. We pledge ourselves to continuously legislate 
minimum wage laws which are in keeping with the current cost of 
living and reasonable expectations of our citizens. 

We further believe that the present North Carolina unem- 
ployment and workman's compensation laws are in need of study 
and revision. We, therefore, propose that the 1969 General As- 
sembly undertake such a study to properly determine equitable 
and honorable workman's and unemployment compensation pro- 
visions. 

We believe that union leaders should set the example for proper 
and honest conduct in the organizing and governing of the labor 
movement and unions. 

Union members should at all times have the opportunity to 
freely and openly express themselves and vote on all matters 
without intimidation or reprisals against them or their families. 
We further believe that all matters pertaining to finances, dues, 
as well as all expenditures of union funds, should be freely and 
openly discussed and voted on by the entire membership; and 
that no monies be expended without the express will of the 
majority of the membership. 



INTERNAL WATER RESOURCES 

The Republican Party of North Carolina believes the need for 
conserving water is of such importance that water resources de- 
velopment should be put on a par with agricultural and industrial 
development. While water problems in the State have not yet 
reached serious proportions, there are some developing areas 
where total water demands soon may exceed available supplies; 
and adequate water quality shortly may pose serious problems 
for the entire state. Thus, while there is still time to do so, the 
Republican Party of North Carolina advocates that increased em- 
phasis be placed on fully developing water resources of the State 
to meet foreseeable State demands for decades to come. We must 
immediately get down to the task of systematic planning for the 
best use of the State's water resources in an orderly and rational 
way. 



Reptjblican Platform 223 

HOME RULE 

The Republican Party is alarmed by the increasing central- 
ization of power in Raleigh and Washington. As an example, 
more than one-half of the legislation enacted by the North Caro- 
lina General Assembly is local legislation not applicable to the 
state as a whole. 

CONSTITUTIONAL. REFORM 

The progress of North Carolina should not continue to be 
hampered by an antiquated, out-moded state constitution adopted 
in 1868 and cluttered with a hodge-podge of unrelated and con- 
fusing amendments. 

The Republican Party advocates the submission to the people 
of a modern up to date constitution. 

PUBLIC WELFARE 

We recognize that in every economy there are two groups of 
citizens, one which is unable to provide for itself and the other 
which is unwilling to provide for itself. It is the responsibility 
of our state and local government to care for all those so handi- 
capped by unfortunate circumstances. Under present procedure 
there is too much opportunity for abuses in qualifying for welfare 
assistance. It is true that in all too many cases persons are 
receiving welfare assistance who refuse to work. It is imperative 
that more clearly defined limits and restrictions be placed upon 
recipients of welfare assistance to the end that cases of necessity 
are adequately cared for and cases of abuse are immediately 
checked and discontinued. 

In many cases it is true that some of the more needy receive 
too little in the way of assistance. The Republican Party believes 
that stricter enforcement of requirements for participation in 
public welfare with more adequate assistance to those entitled to 
receive is essential. 

The Republican Party advocates more exacting legislation re- 
quiring irresponsible parents to maintain their children and re- 
quiring adult children of sufficient income to maintain and support 
their needy parents. The enforcement of these laws will relieve 
taxpayers of this unwarranted burden. 



224 North Cauof.ina Manual 

rOMIMKRCIAL FISHERIES — SALT WATER RESOURCES 

As this division of the North Carolina Department of Conserva- 
tion and Development has functioned in the past, little construct- 
ive emphasis has been placed upon either of the fundamental 
functions of conservation or development of North Carolina fish- 
ery resources. This lack of emphasis and resulting failure in its 
primary purposes is partly attributable to unnecessary emphasis 
on the activities of tax collection and law enforcement. 

Under the control of the Democrat Party, the operation of the 
Commercial and Sports Fisheries Division of the North Carolina 
Department of Conservation and Development, as presently con- 
ducted, has become a matter of collecting taxes (from the fishing 
industry) with which to pay for law enforcement officers. Many 
of the laws enforced are merely laws levying taxes (or licenses). 
Thus, this agency is, in effect a "political perpetual motion ma- 
chine", accomplishing only its own continuation. 

The Republican Party advocates the assumption by the Depart- 
ment of Revenue of tax collecting functions of the Commercial 
Fisheries Division which is presently handled by the Department 
of Conservation and the North Carolina Department of Conserva- 
tion and Development. 

Boats are the machinery used by fishermen for making their 
living. For the reason the farmer's plow is not taxed, the fisher- 
man's boat should not be taxed by special licenses. 

We further deem it necessary that the law enforcement func- 
tions of the Commercial and Sports Fisheries Division of the North 
Carolina Department of Conservation and Development be as- 
sumed by a duly constituted law enforcement agency of the State, 
the North Carolina Waterway Patrol. The North Carolina Repub- 
lican Party believes that, in this way, more effective and con- 
structive practices can be established and that valuable contribu- 
tions to the economics of the coastal areas of North Carolina can 
be made. We, furthermore, believe that these accomplishments 
will inure to the general benefit of all North Carolinians. 

Once relieved of these two functions mentioned above, the Com- 
mercial and Sports Fisheries Division of the North Carolina De- 
partment of Conservation and Development should direct its ef- 
forts toward the proper ob.iectives of conservation of basic brood 
stocks of the State's fishery resources and the dev(>lopment of the 
fishing and related industries. 



Rna'UBLicAN Platform 2 25 

We believe that the Division of Commercial and Sports Fish- 
eries should be a separate department of government which will 
place added emphasis upon research, seafood processing, and mar- 
keting in an attempt to raise the economy of coastal North Caro- 
lina and that this new division should also place added emphasis 
on the development of the sports fishing industry in North Caro- 
lina. 



STATE PORTS 

The North Carolina Republican Party believes that the North 
Carolina port facilities at Morehead City and Wilmington are 
vitally important to the State and its industries by affording the 
opportunity for world-wide commerce; and we advocate that 
major emphasis be placed upon our ports for their expansion in 
areas regarding promotion, advertising, and capital improvements; 
and we believe that a modern East-West highway is essential for 
the growth and usage of our ports. 

We believe that these port facilities can and should continue 
to operate on a self-supporting basis in the tradition of a free 
and competitive economy. 



COASTAL WATER WAYS 

The North Carolina Republican Party is aware of the tremen- 
dous increase of pleasure boating in our coastal water, and is also 
aware that the lack of concern regarding the boating public is a 
detriment to tourist trade in our coastal areas. Therefore, we 
advocate the following policies: 

1. That there be an acceleration in the construction of boat 
ramps and relief stations in our coastal areas to be under 
the direction of the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Com- 
mission. 

2. That the State inaugurate a politically free Waterway Patrol 
to promote safe boating practices, and to provide assistance 
and protection for the boating public; and that there be 
established safety requirements and regulations for the 
operation of high powered boats. 



22 6 NouTiT Carolina Manttai. 

;>. That the North Carolina Highway Depart ment in the mu- 
tual interest of highway traffic and water traffic adopt a 
policy of increasing the clearances under all fixed and 
draw-span bridges over coastal waterways. 

INIiANn IjAKES ANT) RIVERS 

The Republican Party recognizes the rights of all persons to 
enjoy inland lakes and rivers. We also recognize the dangers and 
problems involved when the same streams and lakes are used by 
different persons for different forms of recreation. We propose 
statewide regulation for the protection and control of boaters, 
swimmers, skiers, fishermen, and divers while using our inland 
public waters. 



RIGHTS OF CITIZENSHIP 

Under the proper interpretation of the philosophy of govern- 
ment of our forefathers which we seek to bring realization, we, 
the Republican Party believe it to be fundamentally true that 
the will of the majority ought to prevail within the framework of 
the Constitution. In the proper exercise of that will, however, 
a proper regard must be used to safeguard the rights of minor- 
ities — whose members are entitled to equal and full citizenship 
of this state, and to the rights and freedom of choices of the indi- 
vidual citizen. 



ELE( TION LAWS 

The people of our state are entitled to have honest elections. 
If the people ore to have honest elections, it will be as a result of 
reforms in election laws initiated by the Republican Party. After 
67 years of Democrat rule the State's election laws are still the 
delight of the unscrupulous politician, being filled with unjust 
provisions and handy loop-holes. The recodification of the elec- 
tion laws by the 1967 (Jeneral Assembly, did little more than 
renumber the sections and incorporate therein the same ine(iui- 
ties that have betm the basis for many disputes and investigations 
by the State Hoard of Klcctions. 



RraurBLiCAN Platform 227 

As each session of the Democrat controlled legislature passes 
with only token changes in the election laws, it becomes more 
and more apparent to the people of this State that the hope for 
free and more honest elections lies with the Republican Party 
alone. 

The Republican Party reproves the party in power for its 
biennial failure to correct the many faults of its election laws. 
It circumvents any action to prevent ballot box abuses and ab- 
sentee ballot irregularities. It steadfastly upholds its complete 
domination of the election boards at every level. In some 
counties it refuses to allow the minority party to name its own 
judges. And in every respect it shows a continual lack of con- 
cern for truly representative government. 

The Republican Party advocates: 

1. A State Board of Elections composed of five members, two 
of which would be appointed from the recommendations of the 
chairmen of the State executive committees of the two major 
political parties, and the fifth member to be named by the four 
duly appointed members. 

2. Compulsory reregistration with the implementation of the 
loose leaf registration system, and in addition require each regis- 
trant to sign his name when registering to vote for handwriting 
comparison. A transfer of names from registration books to 
cards without a reregistration of all persons in no way purges the 
registry of ineligibles. 

3. The mandatory appointment of precinct election officials by 
the County Boards of Election from those persons recommended 
to such boards by the chairmen of the county executive commit- 
tee of each political party in each county. 

4. The repeal of the civilian absentee ballot law. The altera- 
tions in the absence of ballot laws grudgingly adopted by the 
Democrat legislature have done little to dispell the abuses of 
these provisions. The only means for completely eliminating the 
flagrant abuses of this law is to completely repeal the entire sec- 
tion applying to civilian absentee voting. 

5. The vesting of authority in the State Board of Elections to 
issue bills of indictment on information and belief for violations 



2 28 NoKTTT Cakoi.tna Manual 

of nny of the provisions of the election laws, returnable to the 
SuptM-ior Court in the County in which the offense was coniinitted. 
This would provide some authority for the State Board of Elec- 
tions to indict persons for violation of the election laws when 
such violation is discovered from investigation conducted by said 
Board. 

6. Requiring the voter to sign a poll book before voting. This 
use in conjunction with the requirement of having the voter to 
sign his name when registering to vote, would be very helpful in 
preventing illegal voting, by handwriting comparison. 

7. Repeal of the law passed by the Democrat controlled Gen- 
eral Assembly providing for certain members of the General As- 
sembly to file for a numbered seat in seeking election to this body. 
This is designed to defeat minority groups. 

8. The more widespread use of voting machines with the State 
sharing the cost. Voting machines would obviously result in more 
honest and efficient elections, eliminating the stuffed ballot boxes, 
false bottomed ballot boxes, marked ballots and similar frauds. 

9. That Federal employees be prohibited from serving as elec- 
tion officials. 

The Republican Party endorses these and any improvement to 
the election laws which would provide more honest and free elec- 
tions. All just and truly representative governments are based 
on honest and free elections. It is upon these foundations that 
the Republican Party bases its goals. 



CONCLUSION 

The future of our State is bright, for the people are realizing 
the advantages and necessity of a healthy two-party system of 
government. The shackles and heavy yoke of oppressive and 
lethargic one-party system are rapidly being discarded in North 
Carolina. Control of the government is being returned to the 
people, where it rightly should and will be with the emergence of 
a healthy, competitive, and active two-party system of govern- 
ment. Your vote for Republican candidates, dedicated to these 
our i)rinciples of good government, will speed the advent of 
govcnnnent by the people, and for the pe{)i)le. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

(STATE REPUBLICAN CONSTITUTION) 

PREAMBLE 

We, the members of the Republican Party of North Carolina, 
dedicated to the sound principles fostered by that party, con- 
scious of our civic responsibilities and rights, firm in our determi- 
nation to give our strength to preserving the American principle 
that government ought and must be of all the people, by all the 
people, and for all the people do, for the purpose of uniting and 
co-ordinating our efforts for maximum power and efficiency, 
herewith establish this instrument, The Plan of Organization of 
the Republican Party of North Carolina. 

ARTICLE I 

Membership 
1. Members 

All citizens of North Carolina who are registered Republicans are 
members of the Republican Party of North Carolina, and shall 
have the right to participate in the official affairs of the Repub- 
lican Party in accordance with these rules. All references herein 
to delegates, alternates, officers, and members shall in all cases 
mean persons identified and registered with the Republican Party 
in the precinct of their residence. 

ARTICLE II 
Precinct Meetings 

I. Biennial Precinct Meetings 

A. In each precinct in every odd numbered year, beginning 1971, 
the County Chairman shall call precinct meetings within 
the dates designated by the State Central Committee, after 
giving ten (10) days written notice of the time and place 
of holding same to each Precinct Chairman, and after giv- 
ing one week's notice of such meeting in a newspaper of 

229 



230 Noin II Cakoi.i.na Manual 

general circulation within the County. Failure of the 
County Chairman to act in compliance with the provision 
above shall be cause for any registered Republican within 
the precinct to call said precinct meeting by notice in a 
newspaper of general circulation within the County. Every 
Republican registered within the precinct, in attendance, 
shall be entitled to cast one vote. 

B. Biennial precinct meetings shall elect a Precinct Committee 
of five or more voters, one of whom shall be elected as 
Chairman and one as Vice-Chairman (one of whom shall be 
a woman), and one as Secretary. Members of the Precinct 
Committee shall hold their places for two years or until 
their successors are chosen. Precinct meetings shall elect 
one delegate and one alternate to the County Convention, 
plus one additional delegate and alternate for every fifty 
(50) votes, or major fraction thereof, cast for the Repub- 
lican candidate for Governor in the last General Election. 

C. The Chairman and Secretary of each Precinct shall certify 
election of officers. Committee members, and delegates and 
alternates to the County Convention, on forms stipulated by 
the State Central Committee and furnished by the County 
Chairman. Complete Credentials shall be in the hands of 
the County Secretary by the deadline set by the County 
Chairman. 

II. Presidential Electioti Year Precinct Meetings 

A. In each precinct in every Presidential Election year, begin- 
ning 1972, the County Chairman shall call precinct meetings 
within the dates designated by the State Central Committee 
after giving ten (10) days written notice of the time and 
place of holding same to each Precinct Chairman, and after 
giving one week's notice of such meeting in a newspaper of 
general circulation within the County. Failure of the County 
Chairman to act in compliance with this provision shall be 
cause for any registered Republican within the precinct to 
call said precinct meeting l)y notice in a newspaper of gen- 
eral circulation within the County. Every Repulilican regis- 
teri'd with the precinct, in attemhince, shall be entitled to 
cast one vote. 



Plan of Ohc.anization 231 

B. Presidential Election Year Precinct Meetings shall elect one 
delegate and one alternate to the Presidential Election Year 
County Convention, plus one additional delegate and alter- 
nate for every fifty (50) votes, or major fraction thereof, 
cast for the Republican Candidate for Governor in the last 
General Election. 

C. The Chairman and Secretary of each precinct shall certify 
election of delegates and alternates to the Presidential Elec- 
tion Year County Convention, on forms stipulated by the 
State Central Committee and furnished by the County Chair- 
man. Complete credentials shall be in the hands of the 
County Secretary by the deadline set by the County Chair- 
man. 

III. Other Precinct Meetings 

A. Other meetings of the Precinct general membership may be 
held at such times as shall be designated by the Chairman of 

the Precinct Committee after giving five (5) days notice of 
such meeting; or upon similar call of one-third of the mem- 
bers of the Precinct Committee, or ten (10) members of the 
general precinct membership. There shall be no proxy voting. 

B. In the event a Precinct fails to properly organize or the 
Precinct Chairman fails to act, the County Executive Com- 
mittee shall direct the County Chairman to appoint a Tem- 
porary Precinct Chairman to serve until a general member- 
ship meeting can be called and a new Chairman elected. The 
County Chairman shall call such a meeting within thirty 
(30) days after appointment of the Temporary Chairman. 

ARTICLE III 

Precinct Committee 

I. Duties of Committee 

The Precinct Committee shall cooperate with the County Execu- 
tive Committee in all elections and Party activities; jjrovide 
the County Chairman with a list of party members within the 
precinct suitable for appointment as registrar, election judge, 
markers, counters, and watchers at the polls; and promote the 
objectives of the Party within the Precinct. 



232 Noiiiii Cakomna Mam ai, 

11. J>ulies of Officer 

The Chairman of the Precinct Committee, with the advice and 
consent of tlie Precinct Committee, shall liave general super- 
vision of the affairs of the Party within his precinct, shall pre- 
side at all meetings of the precinct, and shall perform such 
other duties as may be prescribed by the Precinct Committee 
or tlie County Executive Committee. The Vice-Chairman sliall 
function as Chairman in the absence of the Chairman. The 
Secretary shall keep all minutes and records, and sliall maintain 
a list of registered Republican voters and workers witliin the 
Precinct. 

III. Meetings 

Meetings of the Precinct Committee may be held at such times 
as shall be designated by the Chairman of the Precinct Com- 
mittee after giving live (5) days notice of such meetings; or 
upon similar call of one-third of the members of the Precinct 
Committee. There shall be no proxy voting. 

IV. Vacanries and Removdls 

A. In case of deatli, resi.miatioii, discont inuamc of residency 
within the precinct, removal of any officers or members of 
the Precinct Committee, or otiier vacancy, the resulting va- 
cancy shall be tilled by tlie remaining members of the Pre- 
cinct Committee. 

B. Any members of the Precinct Committee may be removed 
by a two-tliirds vote of the Precinct Committee after being 
furnished with notice of the charges against him, signed by 
not less tluiii one-tiiird of the memixTs of the Committee 
and allowing him twenty (20) days to appear and defend 
himself; provided further that said cause for removal shall 
be confined to gross inefficiency, party disloyalty, or failure 
to comply with the County or State Plans of Organization. 
Such removal may be apix'aled to the County Executive 
Committee, withiTi twenty (20 1 days, and their decision 
shall be final. 



Plan of Organization 233 

ARTICLE IV 
County Convention 
I. Biennial Conventions 

A. A county Convention shall be called in every odd numbered 
year, beginning 1971, by the Chairman of the County Execu- 
tive Committee, at the County seat, within the dates set by 
the State Central Committee, after giving fifteen (15) days 
notice thereof to all Precinct Chairmen and County Executive 
Committee members, and after giving fifteen (15) days 
notice of such Convention in a newspaper of general circula- 
tion within the County. The delegates and alternates elected 
at the biennial precinct meetings, unless successfully chal- 
lenged, shall sit as delegates and alternates at the County 
Convention. 

B. Convention Action 

1. Plan of Organization 

The County Convention shall adopt a County Plan of Or- 
ganization, not inconsistent with this State Plan of Or- 
ganization, a current copy of which shall be on file at 
County Headquarters and at State Headquarters. 

2. Elections 

(a) The County Convention shall elect a Chairman and 
a Vice-Chairman (one of whom shall be a woman), 
a Secretary, and such other officers as may be deemed 
necessary, who shall serve for a term of two years 
or until their successors are elected. 

(b) Elect a County Executive Committee of five (5) or 
more voters, in addition to the County officers, who 
shall hold their places for a term of two years or 
until their successors are elected. Nominations may 
be made by the biennial precinct meetings for mem- 
bership on the County Executive Committee. 

(c) Elect one delegate and one alternate to the Con- 
gressional District and State Conventions, plus one 
additional delegate and alternate for every 200 votes, 



234 NoKiii Cakoi.i.na Mamai, 

or major fraction thereol", cast for the Republican 
candidate for Governor in the last General Election 
in said County. Each County shall further elect one 
delegate and alternate for each Republican elected 
to the State Legislature and to public office on the 
state or national level from said County in the pre- 
ceding election. 

C. Credentials 

The Chairman and Secretary of the County Executive Com- 
mittee shall certify election of officers, committee members, 
delegates and alternates to the District and State Conven- 
tions, on forms furnished by the State Central Committee. 
Completed Credentials shall be in the hands of the Con- 
gressional District Secretary and the State Headquarters by 
the deadline set by the State Chairman. Credentials received 
shall be considered official for mailing purposes only. 

II. Presidential Eleition Year County Convention 

A. A County Convention shall be called in every Presidential 
Electiim year, beginning 1972, by the Chairman of the County 
Executive Committee, at the County seat, within the dates 
set by the State Central Committee, after giving fifteen (15) 
days notice thereof to all precinct chairman and County 
Executive Committee members, and after giving fifteen (15) 
days notice of such Convention in a newspaper of general 
circulation within the County. The delegates and alternates 
elected at the Presidential Election Year Precinct Meetings, 
unless successfully challenged, shall sit as delegates and 
alternates in the County Convention. 

B. Tlie Presidential Election Year County Convention shall 
elect one delegate and one alternate to the Congressional Dis- 
trict and State Conventions, plus one additional delegate and 
alternate for every 200 votes, or major fraction thereof, cast 
for the Republican candidate for Governor in the last Gen- 
eral Election in said County. Each County sliall further elect 
one delegate and one alternate for each Republican elected 
to the State Legislature and to public office on the state or 
national level from said County in the preceding election. 



Plan of Organization 235 

C. The Chairman and Secretary of the County Executive Com- 
mittee shall certify election of delegates and alternates to the 
Presidential Election Year District and State Conventions, 
on forms furnished by the State Central Committee. Com- 
pleted Credentials shall be in the hands of the Congressional 
District Secretary and the State Headquarters by the dead- 
line set by the State Chairman. Credentials received shall 
be considered official for mailing purposes only. 



ARTICLE V 
CotTNTY Executive Committee 

I. Membership 

The County Executive Committee shall consist of the County 
Officers and other persons elected by the County Convention 
(in accordance with ARTICLE IV, and the County Finance 
Chairman.) 

II. Pouiers and Duties 

The County Executive Committee shall cooperate writh the Dis- 
trict and State Committees in all elections and Party activities; 
shall encourage qualified candidates for office within the county; 
adopt a budget; and shall have active management of party 
affairs within the County. It shall appoint a Finance Chairman 
and a Finance Committee of not less than three members, an 
Auditing Committee of not less than three members, and may 
appoint such other Committees as may be deemed necessary. 
The County Chairman shall be an ex-olficio member of all com- 
mittees indicated in this paragraph. 

Prior to the Biennial State Convention, the County Executive 
Committee shall elect one man and one woman to each of the 
Solicitorial, Judicial, Senatorial, and Legislative District Com- 
mittees (where applicable). Notification of election shall be 
made to the Chairman of the County within the respective Dis- 
trict having the largest population. 

III. Meetings 

The County Executive Committee shall meet at least twice a 



236 NoKTH Cakoi.ixa Mammal 

year upon cull of the County Chairman after giving ten (10) 
days notice to all members or upon similar call of one-third 
of the members of the Committee. One-third of the members 
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. There 
shall be no proxy voting. 

IV. Duties of Officers 

The Chairman of the County Executive Committee, with the ad- 
vice and consent of the County Executive Committee, shall have 
general supervision of the affairs of the party within his 
County. He shall issue the call for Biennial Precinct Meetings 
and Presidential Election Year Precinct Meetings, the County 
Convention, the Presidential Election Year County Convention, 
and Executive Committee meetings, and shall preside at all the 
meetings of the County Executive Committee. He shall make 
quarterly reports on the status of the Party within his county 
to the State Chairman, on forms furnished by the State Central 
Committee. He shall bo responsible for the creation and main- 
tenance of a Republican organization in every precinct within 
his County. He shall obtain and preserve a list of all registered 
Republicans within the County, and shall perform such other 
duties as may be prescribed by the County, District, or State 
Committees. 

The Vice-Chairman shall function as Chairman in the absence 
of the Chairman, and shall have such other duties as may be 
prescribed by the County Executive Committee. 
The Secretary shall keep all minutes and records, and shall 
maintain a roster of all precinct officers and Executive Com- 
mittee members. Such records shall be available, upon request, 
to any registered Republican within the County The Secretary 
shall furnish to the Congressional District Chairman and to 
State Headquarters up-to-date lists of all Precinct Chairmen. 

V. Vacancies and Removals 

A. In case of death, resignation, discontinuance of residency 
within the County, removal of any officer or member of the 
County Executive Committee, or other vacancy, the resulting 
vacancy shall be filled by the County Executive Committee. 



Plan of Organization 237 

B. Any officer or member of the County Executive Committee 
may be removed by a tw^o-thirds vote of the Committee after 
being furnished with notice of the charges against him, 
signed by not less than one-third of the members of the 
Committee and allowing him thirty (30) days to appear and 
defend himself; provided further that said cause for re- 
moval shall be confined to gross inefficiency, party disloyalty, 
or failure to act in compliance with the County or State 
Plans of Organization. Such removal may be appealed, with- 
in twenty (20) days to the Congressional District Chairman 
and members of the State Executive Committee within the 
District, and their decision shall be final. 



ARTICLE VI 
County Finance and Auditing Committkes 

I. Finance Com7nittee 

The County Finance Committee shall be composed of the County 
Finance Chairman, the County Chairman, and not less than 
three persons appointed by the County Executive Committee. 
They shall cooperate with the Congressional Dist- ict and State 
Finance Committees and shall have active management of fund- 
raising efforts within the County. 

II. Auditing Committee 

The Auditing Committee shall conduct a yearly audit of the 
financial records of the County and report such audit to the 
County Executive Committee for approval. 

ARTICLE VII 

Solicitorial, Judicial, Senatorial, and Legislative 
District Executive Committees 

I. Memhership 

A. In one-County Districts, the County Executive Committee 
shall serve as the District Committee. 



2HS NoKiii Cakomna Mamai. 

B. In those Distrkas encompassing more than one county, mem- 
bership shall consist of those persons elected under Article 
V (II) of this Plan, plus all members of the State Executive 
Committee within the District. 

II. Election of Officers 

At some time preceding the State Convention, the District Com- 
mittees shall meet at a time and place designated by a member 
of the Committee stipulated by the County Chairman from that 
County within the District having the largest population and 
shall elect, from among their meml>ership, a Chairman and such 
other officers as may be deemed necessary. The officers shall 
have such duties as may be prescribed by the State Executive 
Committee. The Chairmen shall report to the State Chairman 
names of elected officers. 

III. PoHcrs (Did Duties of Committees 

A. The Solicitorial District Committee shall encourage quali- 
fied candidates for Solicitor, and shall assist and cooperate 
with the County and State Executive Committees in all cam- 
paigns. 

B. The Judicial District Committee shall encourage qualified 
candidates for District .Judge, and shall assist and cooperate 
with the County and State Executive Committee in all 
campaigns. 

C. The Senatorial District Committee shall encourage qualified 
candidates for State Senator, and shall assist and cooperate 
with the County and State Executive Committees in all cam- 
paigns. 

D. The Legislative District Committee shall encourage qualified 
candidates for the State House of Representatives, and shall 
assist and cooperate with the County and State Executive 

Committees in all Campaigns. 

E. Committees herein elected shall serve as the appropriate Dis- 
trict Executive Committee as they are referred to in N. C. 
OS 163-114. 



Plan of Organization 239 

ARTICLE VIII 
Congressional District Conventions 

I. Biennial Convention 

A. A Congressional District Convention shall be called in every 
odd-numbered year, beginning 1971, by the Chairman of the 
Congressional District Committee, within the dates desig- 
nated by the State Central Committee, upon twenty (20) 
days written notice of the time and place for holding same 
to all members of the District Committee and to the County 
Chairmen within said District. The delegates and alternates 
elected in the County Conventions, unless successfully chal- 
lenged, shall sit as delegates and alternates in the Congres- 
sional District Convention. 

B. Convention Action 

1. The Congressional District Convention shall adopt a 
District Plan of Organization, a current copy of which 
shall be on file at State Headquarters. 

2. The Congressional District Convention shall elect a 
Chairman and a Vice-Chairman (one of whom shall be 
a woman), a Secretary, a Treasurer, and such other offi- 
cers as may be deemed necessary, who shall serve for a 
term of two years or until their successors are elected. 

3. The Congressional District Convention shall further elect 
one member of the State Executive Committee, plus one 
additional member for every 6,000 votes or major fraction 
thereof cast within the District for the Republican candi- 
date for Governor in the preceding General Election. 

C. Credentials 

The Chairman and Secretary of the Congressional District 
shall certify election of officers, State Executive Committee 
members, delegates and alternates on forms furnished by the 
State Central Committee. Completed District Credentials, 
plus completed Credentials for the Counties within the Dis- 
trict, shall be in the hands of the State Credentials Com- 
mittee Chairman by the deadline set by the State Chairman. 



240 NoKiii Cauomxa Mamai, 

Credentials received shall be considered official for mailing 
purposes only. 

II. Presidential Election Year Congressional District Convention 

A. A Presidential Election Year Congressional District Conven- 
tion shall be called in every Presidential Election Year, be- 
ginning 1972, by the Chairman of the Congressional District 
Committee, within the dates designated by the State Cen- 
tral Committee, upon twenty (20) days written notice of 
the time and place for holding same to all members of the 
District Committee and to the County Chairmen within said 
District. The delegates and alternates elected in the Presi- 
dential Election Year County Conventions, unless success- 
fully challenged, shall sit as delegates and alternates in the 
Presidential Election Year Congressional District Conven- 
tion. 

B. The Presidential Election Year Congressional District Con- 
vention shall elect two delegates and two alternates to the 
Republican National Convention, and shall nominate one 
Presidential Elector. 

C. The Chairman and Secretary of the Congressional District 
shall certify election of delegates and alternates, and nomi- 
nee for Presidential Elector on forms furnished by the State 
Central Committee. Completed District Credentials, plus 
completed Credentials for the counties within the District, 
shall be in the hands of the State Credentials Committee 
Chairman by the deadline set by the State Chairman. Cre- 
dentials received shall be considered official for mailing 
purposes only. 



ARTICLE IX 

Conurf:ssional District Committee 

I. Membership 

Membership of the Congressional District Committee shall be 
composed of: 

A. The officers elected at the District Convention 



Plan of Organization 241 

B. All duly elected County Chairmen within the District 

C. County Vice-Chairmen from those counties within the Dis- 
trict which gave a majority vote to the Republican candidate 
for President and Governor in the preceding election. 

D. Such others as the District Plan of Organization may pro- 
vide. 

II. Powers and Duties 

The Congressional District Committee shall encourage qualified 
candidates for Congress, appoint a Finance Chairman, and co- 
operate with the County and State Executive Committees in 
all campaigns. 

III. Meetings 

The Congressional District Committee shall meet at least once 
a year upon call of the Congressional District Chairman. One- 
third of the members of the Committee shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business. There shall be no proxy voting. 

IV. Duties of Officers 

A. The Congressional District Chairman, with the advice and 
consent of the District Committee, shall have general super- 
vision of the affairs of the party within his District. He 
shall assist the State Chairman in carrying out State Pro- 
grams, supervise the Congressional campaigns until such 
time as a Campaign Manager shall have been appointed, 
maintain contact with all Counties within his District, and 
shall be responsible for the proper organization and function- 
ing of those Counties. He shall maintain constant liaison with 
all County Chairmen with regard to a Repulbican organiza- 
tion in every precinct within his District. In addition, he shall 
furnish each County Chairman and each County Executive 
Committee officer an accurate and up-to-date list of all County 
Executive Committee officers within his District to include 
title, name, address and zip code. These lists shall be up- 
dated periodically to insure that the latest information is 



242 NouTii Cauoi.ixa Mamai. 

provided to those to whom it is required to be provided. He 
shall have such other duties as may be prescribed by the 
State Executive Committee. 

B. The Vice-Chairman shall be Chief Assistant to the District 
Chairman and shall act as Chairman in the absence of the 
Chairman; shall maintain liaison with the County Vice 
Chairmen throughout the District (where applicable) and 
shall have such other duties as may be prescribed by the 
District Committee. 

C. The Secretary shall keep all minutes and records, and shall 
maintain a roster of all officers of the Counties within the 
District. 

V. Vaca7icies and Remoimls 

A. In case of death, resignation, discontinuance of residency 
within the District, removal of any officer of the Congression- 
al District Committee, or other vacancy, the resulting va- 
cancy shall be filled by the remaining members of the Com- 
mittee. 

B. Any officer of the Congressional District Committee may be 
removed by a two-thirds vote of the Congressional District 
Committee after being notified of the charges against him 
signed by not less than one-third of the members of the 
Committee, and allowing him thirty (30) days to appear 
and defend himself; provided further that said cause for 
removal shall be confined to gross inefficiency, party dis- 
loyalty, or failure to act in compliance with the District or 
State Plans of Organization. Such removal may be ap- 
pealed, within twenty (20) days, to the State Central Com- 
mittee, and their decision shall be final. 



ARTICLE X 

District Finance Committee 

I. The District Finance Chairman shall serve as Chairman of the 
Congressional District Finance Committee, which shall be com- 



Plan of Organization 243 

posed of the Finance Chairmen of all the Counties within the 
District and the Congressional District Chairman, plus three 
additional members to be elected by the members of the Fi- 
nance Committee. Other officers as may be deemed necessary 
may be elected by and from the members of the Committee. This 
Committee shall cooperate with the State Finance Committee and 
with the County Finance Committees in all fund-raising efforts. 



ARTICLE XI 
State Conventions 

I. Biennial State Convention 

A. A Biennial State Convention shall be called in every odd 
numbered year, beginning 1971, to be held between September 
1 and December 1 of said odd numbered year, by the Chair- 
man of the Republican State Executive Committee after 
giving sixty (60) days written notice of the time and place 
for holding same to all members of the State Executive Com- 
mitte and to all County Chairmen. Delegates and alternates 
elected at the County Conventions, unless successfully chal- 
lenged, shall sit as delegates and alternates at the Biennial 
State Convention. 

B. In every odd numbered year, the Biennial State Convention 
shall elect a State Chairman and a Vice-Chairman (one of 
whom shall be a woman), who shall serve for a term of two 
years or until their successors are elected. 

II. Presidential Election Year State Convention 

A. A Presidential Election Year State Convention shall be 
called in every Presidential Election Year, beginning 1972, 
between the date of the First Primary Election and July 1st 
of said Presidential Election Year, by the Chairman of the 
Republican State Executive Committee after giving sixty 
(60) days written notice of the time and place for holding 
same to all members of the State Executive Committee and 
to all County Chairmen. Delegates and alternates elected at 
the Presidential Election Year County Conventions, unless 



24 4 NoKi'ii Cakoi.ina M.\.\tAi. 

successfully challenged, shall sit as delegates and alternates 
at the Presidential Election Year State Convention. 

B. In every Presidential Election Year, beginning 1972, the 
Presidential Election Year Convention shall elect delegates 
and alternates to the National Convention, in addition to 
those specified under Article VIII, in the number stipulated 
by the State Chairman as determined by the National Rules. 
They shall further elect a National Committeeman and a 
National Committeewoman who shall serve for a term of 
four years or until their successors are elected; and nomi- 
nate two Presidential Electors-at-Large. 



ARTICLE XII 
State Executive Committee 

I. Membership 

The State Executive Committee shall be composed of the fol- 
lowing: 

A. The Congressional District Chairmen, the Congressional Dis- 
trict Vice-Chairmen, and those persons elected by the Dis- 
trict Conventions, under ARTICLE VIII, of this Plan. 

B. The State Chairman, Vice-Chairman, National Committee- 
man, National Committeewoman, Secretary, Assistant Sec- 
retary, Treasurer, Finance Chairman, and General Counsel. 

C. The Chairman, National Committeeman and National Com- 
mitteewoman of the Young Republican P'ederation. The 
President, President-Elect and Past President of the Repub- 
lican Women's Federation. 

D. All current Republican members of the National Congress, 
the State Legislature, and the State Board of Elections. 

E. The County Chairmen from those Counties which gave a 
majority vote to the Republican candidate for President or 
Governor in the preceding election. 



Plan of Organization 245 

F. The County Vice-Chairmen from those Counties which gave 
a majority vote to the Republican candidates for President 
and Governor in the preceding election. 

II. Potvers and Duties of Committee 

The State Executive Committee shall elect a Secretary and an 
Assistant Secretary (one of whom shall be a member of the 
Young Republican Federation), a Treasurer, a Finance Chair- 
man, and a General Counsel, who shall serve for a term of two 
years or until their successors are elected. The Committee shall 
formulate and provide for the execution of such plans and 
measures as it may deem conducive to the best interests of 
the Republican Party. It shall appoint an Auditing Com- 
mittee of at least three members to conduct a yearly audit; 
approve such audit; adopt a budget; and shall have active 
management of all affairs of the Party within the State. It may 
delegate such duties as it deems proper to the State Central 
Committee. 

When monies are raised and expenditures authorized by other 
than the State Central Committee or the State Executive Com- 
mittee on behalf of any Candidate for State or National office, 
the Party shall not be held liable; except, however, that the 
State Executive Committee, by a two-thirds vote of a quorum 
present, may assume any portion of such debts it deems ad- 
visable. 

III. Committee Meetings 

The State Executive Committee shall meet at least once a year, 
upon call of the Chairman at such times as the State Chairman 
shall determine, after giving fifteen (15) days written notice 
to all Committee members; or upon petition of one-third of the 
members of the Committee. One-third of the members shall 
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. There shall 
be no proxy voting. 

IV. Duties of Officers 

A. The State Chairman, with the advice and consent of the 
Central Committee, shall have general supervision of the 



246 NoKTii Cahoi.ina Manual 

affairs of the party within the State. He shall preside at all 
meetings of the State Executive Committee and shall per- 
form such duties as may be prescribed by the State Execu- 
tive Committee. He shall be responsible for the campaigns 
of the Governor and Lieutenant Governor until such time as 
a permanent campaign manager may be appointed. The 
State Chairman may delegate authority to the District Chair- 
man to act in his behalf on any matter. 

B. The Vice-chairman shall be Chief Assistant to the Chairman; 
and shall act as Chairman in the absence of the Chairman. 
The Vice-Chairman shall maintain liaison with the County 
Vice-Chairmen, through the District Vice-Chairmen (where 
applicable). The Vice-Chairman shall have such other duties 
as may be prescribed by the State Executive Committee. 

C. The National Committeeman and National Committeewoman 
shall maintain liaison with the National Republican Party. 

D. The Secretary shall keep minutes of all meetings. The As- 
sistant Secretary shall assist the Secretary in the above 
duties and shall act as Secretary in the absence of the 
Secretary. 

E. The Treasurer shall be custodian of all funds of the State 
Executive Committe and shall keep a strict account of all 
receipts and disbursements. The Treasurer shall be bonded 
in an amount fixed by the State Central Committee — the 
premium to be paid from party funds. 

F. The General Counsel shall advise the Executive Committee 
on all legal matters and shall act as Parliamentarian at all 
meetings of the Committee. 

V. Vacancies and Removals 

A. In case of death, resignation, discontinuance of residency 
within the state, or removal of any officer of the State 
Executive Committee, the resulting vacancy shall be filled 
by the State Executive Committee. In case of death, resig- 
nation, discontinuance of residency within the District, or 
removal of any member representing a Congressional Dis- 



Plan of Organization 247 

trict, the vacancy shall be filled by the remaining members 
of the Congressional District in which such vacancy occurs. 

B. Any officer or member may be removed by a two-thirds vote 
of the Committee after being furnished with notice of the 
charges against him, signed by not less than one-third of the 
members of the Committee and allowing him thirty (30) 
days to appear and defend himself; provided further that 
said cause for removal shall be confined to gross inefficiency, 
party disloyalty, or failure to act in compliance with this 
Plan of Organization. The decision of the State Executive 
Committee shall be final. 



ARTICLE XIII 
State Central Commiittie 

I. Membership 

The State Central Committee shall be composed of the follow- 
ing: 

A. The Congressional District Chairmen; the Congressonal Dis- 
trict Vice-Chairman shall act in the absence of the Chairman. 

B. The Chairman, Vice-Chairman, National Committeeman, Na- 
tional Committeewoman, Secretary, Assistant Secretary, 
Treasurer, General Counsel, and Finance Chairman of the 
State Executive Committee. 

C. The Chairman of the Young Republican Federation and the 
President of the Republican Women's Federation. 

D. The Republican Leader of the State Senate and the Repub- 
lican Leader of the State House of Representatives. 

II. Powers and Duties 

The State Central Committee shall have the power to appoint a 
Campaign Committee, a Publicity Committee, and such other 
Committees as it may deem necessary for the proper conduct 
of the affairs of the party; to manage the affairs of the party 



248 NoKTTi Cakolina Manual 

between meetings of the State Executive Committee; to formu- 
late fiscal policy, establish quotas, prepare a budget; effective 
1971, to set the dates for the Biennial Precinct Meetings, County, 
Congressional District, and State Conventions, between Septem- 
ber 1 and December 1 of the odd numbered years and the Pres- 
idential Election Year Precinct Meetings, County, Congressional 
District and State Conventions, between the date of the First 
Primary Election and July 1st of the Presidential Election 
years, in accordance with the National Rules; and to do all 
other things pertaining to party affairs which it may be auth- 
orized to do by the State Executive Committee. It shall be 
responsible for initiating all campaigns for the U. S. Senate 
and Council of State and coordinating them as determined feas- 
ible. The State Central Committe shall keep accurate accounts 
of its proceedings and shall make annual reports to the State 
Executive Committee. 

The Committee shall employ as full time Executive Secretary 
a person of highest character and political competence to prose- 
cute on a day by day basis the mission of the Committee. The 
Committee shall provide on a full time basis in the Capital city 
of North Carolina, adequate offices for the Executive Secretary 
and such staff as the Committee shall provide for him, which 
offices shall be known as Headquarters, North Carolina Repub- 
lican Party. The Central Committee is charged with, in addi- 
tion to all other duties, the mission of creating an effective 
Republican organization in every political precinct in North 
Carolina. 

III. Meetings 

The State Central Committee shall meet at least six times a 
year upon call of the Chairman upon ten (10) days notice to all 
members or upon petition of one-third of the members of the 
Committee. One-third of the members shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business. There shall be no proxy voting. 



IV. Duties of Officers 

The Officers of the State Executive Committee shall act as offi- 
cers of the State Central Committee, with corresponding duties. 



Plan of Organization 24 9 

ARTICLE XIV 
State Finance Committee 

I. Membership 

The Finance Committee shall consist of the State Finance 
Chairman, the Congressional District Finance Chairmen, and 
the State Chairman, plus six additional members to be elected 
by the members of the Finance Committee. The State Finance 
Chairman shall serve as Chairman of the State Finance Com- 
mittee. Other officers as may be deemed necessary may be 
elected by and from the members of the Committee. 

II. Power and Duties 

It shall be the duty of the State Finance Committee to develop 
ways and means to properly finance the General Election cam- 
paigns and other business and affairs of the Republican Party. 
The Committee shall manage a united fund-raising effort in 
cooperation with the State Central Committee only in those 
counties with the approval of the County Executive Committee; 
and cooperate with District and County organizations for ef- 
fective fund-raising campaigns. Said Committee shall not, di- 
rectly or indirectly, raise or collect funds for the benefit of any 
candidates for Primary elections. All persons making contri- 
butions to the State Finance Committee of $10.00 or more shall 
be furnished with a receipt therefor. Contributions going di- 
rectly to the National Committee or to any candidate shall not 
be acknowledged by the State Treasurer or recorded as a regu- 
lar contribution to the Republican Party of North Carolina. 
Permanent record of all contributors shall be maintained by the 
State Chairman and State Treasurer, and such records shall be 
available, upon request, to the appropriate County and District 
Chairmen. 

III. Duties of Officers 

The Finance Chairman shall preside at all meetings of the 
Committee and shall be the chief liaison between the Finance 
Committee and the State Central Committee. Other officers 
shall have such duties as may be prescribed by the Committee. 



250 NouTii Cauomna Manual 

ARTICLE XV 

General Convention Procedure 

I. Biennial Conventions and Presidential Election Year Conven- 
tions 

The County, Congressional District, and State Conventions shall 
be called to order by their respective Chairmen or, in the ab- 
sence of the Chairman, by the Vice-Chairman or Secretary, in 
order stated, ^N\\o shall have the power to appoint the neces- 
sary Convention Committees and temporary officers at, or before, 
the convening of the Convention. 

II. Voting Procedure 

No delegate, alternate, or other member of a Convention shall 
cast any vote by proxy; provided, however, that any delegate or 
delegates present shall have the right to cast the entire vote of 
the County in District and State Conventions. No precinct shall 
cast more votes than it has duly elected delegates on the floor 
at the County Convention. No person shall be seated as a dele- 
gate or alternate in any County, District, or State Convention 
unless such person shall have been duly elected a delegate or 
alternate by the appropriate precinct Meeting or County Con- 
vention; EXCEPT the registered Republican or Republicans, 
present at a County Convention from an unorganized precinct, 
which has not had its credentials accepted, shall have the right 
to vote for one vote per precinct. 

III. Special Conventions 

The State Central Committee, at any time, in the interests of 
the Republican Party, may direct the State Chairman or the 
Congressional District Chairmen, to issue call for special Sena- 
torial, .Judicial, Solicitorial, or Legislative organizations meet- 
ings, and special County and Congressional District Conven- 
tions, in any or all of the Counties and Districts of the State. 
The procedure for calling regular biennial meetings and Con- 
ventions shall apply to the calling of special meetings and Con- 
ventions so far as applicable and not inconsistent with this 
Plan or Organization. 



Plan of Organization 251 

ARTICLE XVI 
Official Records 

I. Minutes of Official Actions 

Minutes shall be kept by all Committees and Conventions of 
official actions taken and a copy shall be filed with the Chair- 
man of the appropriate Committee or Convention. 

II. Financial Accounts 

The Chairman, Treasurer, and Finance Chairman of the County, 
District and State Committees shall keep faithful and accurate 
records of any and all monies received by them for the use of 
said Committees and shall make faithful and accurate report 
thereof when so requested. 

ARTICLE XVII 

Appointments 

I. Notification 

It shall be the duty of the State Chairman to transmit to each 
County Chairman, notice of all known vacancies in appointive 
positions in his County, in order that eligible Republicans from 
that County may be considered and recommended for such posi- 
tions. The State Chairman shall further transmit notice of all 
known vacancies on a District or State level to those persons 
having jurisdiction in such appointments. 

II. County Appointments 

When a vacancy occurs in a Governmental office in any prop- 
erly organized County, such vacancy shall be filled by recom- 
mendation of the State Chairman, only upon majority vote of 
the Executive Committee of the County involved, at a meeting 
called for that purpose. 

III. District Appointments 

When a vacancy occurs in a Governmental office on a District 
level, such vacancy shall be filled by recommendation of the 



252 North Carolina Manual 

State Chairman, only upon majority vote of the National Com- 
mitteeman and National Committeewoman, and members of the 
State Executive Committee from the District involved, at a 
meeting called for that purpose. 

IV. State Appoi7itments 

When a vacancy occurs in a Governmental office on the State 
level, such vacancy shall be filled by recommendation of the 
State Chairman, only upon majority vote of the State Execu- 
tive Committee at a meeting called for that purpose. 



ARTICLE XVIII 

Forfeiture of Official Privileges 

I. Any officer or member of a Precinct Committee, County Execu- 
tive Committee, District Committee, State Executive Committee, 
or State Central Committee who, for any reason, is removed or 
resigns from said position shall forfeit all rights and privileges 
in any way connected with that position. 



ARTICLE XIX 

Applicability and Effectiveness of This Plan 

I. Rules as to Town and Cities 

This Plan of Organization is not intended to extend to, or 
establish organizations for the Republican Party of the various 
towns and cities of the State of North Carolina as separate units 
from the precinct and county organizations. Qualified and regis- 
tered Republican voters of the towns and cities of the state 
may organize and promulgate their own rules not inconsistent 
with these rules and the organizations herein established. 

II. Rules as to Counties and Districts 

The Precinct and County Committees and County Conventions, 
and the District Committees and Conventions are authorized 



Plan of Organization 253 

to promulgate such additional rules and establish such addi- 
tional party officers or committees for their respective organiza- 
tions, not inconsistent with these rules, as shall be deemed 
necessary. 

III. Controversies 

Controversies in any County or District with respect to the 
Organizations set up therein under this Plan, shall be referred 
to the State Chairman, National Committeeman, and National 
Committeewoman for arbitration. Ruling shall be made within 
sixty (60) days and their decision shall be final. 

IV. Parliamentary Authority 

Roberts Rules of Order Revised shall govern all proceedings, ex- 
cept when inconsistent with this State Plan of Organization 
or Convention Rules properly adopted. 

V. Effective Date of this Plan 

This Plan of Organization shall become effective, and repeal 
and supercede all other rules, except as specifically noted, im- 
mediately following adjournment of the State Convention in 
Raleigh, N. C, on March 2. 1968. This, however, shall not 
invalidate any action taken under the previous rules prior to 
the above date, and provided further that the time for calling 
and holding the precinct meetings, county, district and state 
conventions in 1970 shall be as provided in the State Plan of 
Organization adopted in 1966, and shall be held during the 
months ot January, February and March, 1970. 

Dorothy Presser Furr, Chairman 
Committee on Plan of Organization 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

(From list furnished by Chairman, State Republican 
Executive Committee) 

STATE REPUBLICAN EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

state Organization 

•Chairman : James K. Holshouser, Jr Boone 

♦Vice Chairman: Mrs. A. E. Verbyla Lenoir 

♦National Committeeman : J. E. Broyhill Lenoir 

♦National Conimitteewoman : Mrs. Louis G. Rogers Charlotte 

♦Secretary : Mrs. Dorothy Furr Charlotte 

♦Assistant Secretary : Robert Warwick Wilmington 

♦Treasurer : Russell BarriuKer Durham 

♦State Financf Chairman : John A. Walker North Wilkest)oro 

♦Legal Counsel : Ken Thomas Hickory 

Young Republican Federation : 

♦President : John Mellott Greensboro 

National Committeeman : James Culbertson Winston-Salem 

National Committeewoman : Imogene Sheppard Gastonia 

Women's Federation : 

♦President : Mrs. Vance Hickman Winston-Salem 

President-Elect : Mrs. Oliver Rt)\ve Charlotte 

Past President : Mrs. Frank Smith Baltimore 

Republican Members of the 1969 General Assembly: 
Senate : 

Coolidge Murrow High Point 

♦Harry Bagnal Wlnston-Salem 

Mrs. Geraldine R. Nielson Winston -Salem 

Odell Sap]) Salisl)ury 

Thomas Rhudy Bryan, Sr Wilkeshoro 

Norman H. Joyner Trout man 

J. Reid Poovey Hickory 

David T. Flaherty Lenoir 

Bruce B. Briggs Mara Hill 

R. Theodore Dent Spruce Pine 

Carroll W. Wilkie Fletcher 

Herman H. West Murpiiy 

House of Representatives : 

J. Howard Coble Greensboro 

Robert Odell Payne (Jibsonville 

Colon Blake Candor 

C. Roby Garner, Sr Aslieboro 

Hamilton C. Horton, Jr Winston-Saleui 

Howard A. Jemison Winston -Salem 

C. Dempsey McDaniel Kernersville 

Ed M. Mcknight Clemmons 

Mar.5hall T. Wills Winston-Salem 

Joe H. Hege, Jr Lexington 

J. Eugene Snyder Lexington 

Clyde Hampton Whitley Albemarle 

Austin A. Mitchell Kaniiajxilis 

Samuel A. Troxell Rockwell 

James C. Johnson, Jr Concord 

James H. Carson, Jr Charlotte 

254 



State Committees, Republican 255 

Claude Billings Charlotte 

Jeter L. Havnes Jonesville 

Gilbert Lee Boficr Mocksville 

Homer B. T<)lt)ert Cleveland 

Robert (J. Beard Newton 

Hunter Warlick Hicl<ory 

Teral Tlionias Bostian Taylorsville 

William M. Fulton Morganton 

Donald R. Kincaid Lenoir 

James K. Holsiiouser, Jr. Boone 

J. T. Mavfield Flat Rock 

*Cliarles H. Taylor Brevard 

W. 1'. Bradley Hayesville 

Congressmen : 

Wilmer Mizell Winston -Salem 

Earl B. Rutli Salisbury 

Cliarles Raper Jonas Lincolnton 

James T. Broyliill Lenoir 

NOTE : County Chairmen and Vice Chairmen added under various Districts are in 
accordance with Article XII, Section 1, Paragraphs e and f. 



First District 

♦Chairman John A. Wilkinson Washington 

Vice Chairman Mrs. Kate Smith New Bern 

County Name Address 

Pamlico Ralpli Forrest Vandemere 

Martin R. Frank Everett Robersonville 

Pasquotank Jake Stafford Rt. 4, Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Leon Edwards Hertford 

Tyrrell B. Ray Calioon Columbia 

Second District 

♦Chairman Dr. David R. Stroud Rocky Mount 

Vice Chairman Mrs. Jo Ann Long Wilson 

County Name Address 

Edgecombe Frank Dupree Rt. 2, Rocky Mount 

Edgecombe Jim Pike Rocky Mount 

Nash David Bethune Rocky Mount 

Halifax Steve Conger Weldon 

Person Wendell Watters Roxboro 

Third District 

*Cliairman James T. Johnson Harrells 

Vice Cliairman Mrs. Davis Lee Rose Hill 

County Name Address 

Jolinston Jolin S. Shallcross Smitlifleld 

Harnett Larry Parker Erwin 

Onslow Alfred P. Silvia Jacksonville 

Snm])son Mossettt L. Butler Clinton 

Pender William F. Lewis Rt. 1, Rocky Point 

Wayne Sam Waller Rt. 2, Mt. Olive 

Wayne C. R. Lentz Goldsboro 

Carteret Vaughn Yeomans Beaufort 



2 56 North Carolina Manual 



Fourth District 

♦Cliairman James L. Cresimore RaleiKh 

\'ice Chairman Mrs. ('liarh-s B. Neal Durham 

County Name Address 

• 'hat ham La Verne Thornton Goldston 

OraiiK'e . David Jenkins Cliaiul Hill 

ItaiKiolph J. Weldon Smith Asheboro 

Ran(l<)li>h Flovd Lan^ley Staley 

Randolph Worth Coltrane Asheboro 

Durham Russell N. IJarrinser Durliam 

Durliam (!. Fred Steele Durham 

Durham Oliver Alphin Durham 

Wake Dr. Walter Hunt Rt. 1, Rakish 

Wake William Spurlin Ralei^li 

Wake Frank Dupree, Jr. Raleitrh 

Kandolph Julian Brady Ramseur 

Randolph Mrs. Annie Shaw Asheboro 

Fifth District 

•Chairman Mrs. .Mary Jo Zachary Yadkinville 

Viee Chairman .Mr. Joiin Brock Mocksville 

County Name Address 

AIU'Khany Robert L. Johnson Sparta 

Ashe Bernard Oraybeal We.st Jetterson 

Davidson ("alvin Orrell Higli Rock 

Davidson Joe L. Berrier Thomasville 

Davidson Wilmer .Mizell... Rt. 4, Winston-Salem 

r>avie Jerry Swice^ood Mocksville 

Stokes Bailey Stevens Walnut Cove 

Surry Dr. Harold Y. Hodges Mt. Airy 

Yadkin F. D. B. Hardint; Yadkinville 

Forsyth Mrs. Eunice Burge Winston- Salem 

Forsyth Russell G. Brown Kernersville 

Forsyth Crady Swisher Kernersville 

Forsyth James J. Booker Winston- Salem 

Forsyth Richard Hoover Winston -Salem 

Davidson : 

County Chairman Robert C. Hedrick Lexington 

Vice Chairman Martlia Xicliolson Rt. 1, Thomasville 

Forsyth : 

County Chairman William T. Graham Winston -Salem 

Yadkin : 

County Chairman Walter Zachary Yadkinville 

Sixth District 

♦Chairman Banner Shelton Madison 

Vice Chairman Mrs. .Mary Ricliardson Greensboro 

County Name Address 

Guilford Ervin Tate Greensboro 

Guilford James Truitt Greensboro 

Guilford ^irs. John Yow, Jr Greensboro 

Guilford Robert G. Sliaw Greensboro 

Guilford John Causbv High Point 

Guilford Dr. W. J. Kiser Higli Point 

Alamance Richard B. Barnwell Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. Ann Carty Burlington 



State Committees, Republican 257 

County Name Address 

Alamance Walter G. Green Burlington 

Alamance W. P. Allred Rt. 2, Elon College 

Rockingham Richard Laythe Rt. 1, Eden 

Rocliinghara Roy W. Wagner Reidsville 

Guilford : 

County Chairman George Marschall Greensboro 

Alamance : 

County Chairman Henry H. Danieley Rt. 4, Burlington 

Seventh District 

♦Chairman Dr. T. C. Needham Wilmington 

Vice Chairman Mr.s. Doris Williams Fayetteville 

County Name Address 

Columbus Leroy Stocks Whiteville 

Robeson Fred R. Keigh Lumberton 

New Hanover Mrs. Judy Carter Wilmington 

Bladen Robert Marshall, Jr Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Donald Willetts Bolivia 

Cumberland D. Tim Newton Fayetteville 

New Hanover : 

County Chairman F. L. Meier Wilmington 

Eighth District 

*Cliairman John R. Hann Salisbury 

Vice (liairman Mrs. Fran Tomlin Concord 

County Name Address 

Anson Mrs. Bessie Johnson Rt. 1, Wadesboro 

Cabarrus Dr. E. M. Tomlin Concord 

Lee John Von Cannon Rt. 4, Sanford 

Montgomery Paul Tompson Star 

Moore Jim Harrington Pinehurst 

Stanly Henry N. Thompson Rt. 1, New London 

Richmond Mrs. Ruth Inman Rockingham 

Rowan Charles Walters China Grove 

Rowan . Mrs. Thelma E. Hann Salisbury 

Scotland Trosper N. Combs Rt. 1, Laurinburg 

Union .Russell Hardin Monroe 

('al)arrus : 

Countv Chairman Robert S. Bogle Concord 

Vice Chairman Mrs. Sarah James Mt. Pleasant 

Stanly : 

County Chairman Leon D. Parker Albemarle 

Vice Chairman Mrs. Jackie Furr Stanfleld 

Rowan : 

County Chairman Phil Kirk, Jr Rt. 3, Salisbury 

Ninth District 

♦Chairman Dr. Lester A. Crowell Llncolnton 

Vice Chairman Mrs. John Hall North Wilkesboro 

County Name Address 

.Mecklenburg .Marcus T. Hickman Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Henry B. Wilmer Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. W. R. MuUer Charlotte 



258 North Carolina Manual 



County Name Address 

Mecklenburg Robert W. Bradshaw, Jr Charlotte 

Mecklenburg I'arks M. King, Jr Charlotte 

Mecklenburg William lUuford Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Howard Locke Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Itavid Morton Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Wilson .1. Bryan, Jr Charlotte 

Iredell John T. Alexander Statesville 

Iredell W. K. Bravvley Mooresville 

Lincoln I>r. (Jordon ('. Crowell Lincoln ti in 

Wilkes Robert Strickland Rt. 1, Moravian Falls 

Wilkes Kyle Hayes Nortli Wilkesboro 

Wilkes : 

County Chairman Billy G. Anderson Moravian Falls 

Vice Cluiirman Mrs. Paul Cliurch Rt. '1, Ronda 

Tenth District 

♦Chairman Dan R. Simpson Morganton 

Vice Chairman Mrs. Imogene Sheppard Gastonia 

County Name Address 

Alexander Ray Jennings Taylors ville 

Avery W. Hall Young Minneapolis 

Burke William E. Cobb Morganton 

Burke Noali Pitts, Jr Morganton 

Caldwell Frank L. Smith, Jr Lenoir 

Caldwell Marshall E. Cline Lenoir 

Catawt)a T. Cass Ballenger Hickory 

Catawba Horace Eisenhouser, Sr Conover 

Cleveland James E. Dooley Shelby 

Cleveland Edward H. Smith Kings Mountain 

Gaston James Hughey Gastonia 

Gaston Mrs. Virginia Edwards Gastonia 

Watauga Clyde R. Greene Rt. 4, Boone 

Alexander : 

County Chairman Vernon C. Broyhill Taylorsville 

Vice Chairman Ethel Stikeleather Taylorsville 

Avery : 

County Chairman George M. Harmon Rt. 1, Sugar Cove 

Vice Chairman Mrs. Dan Vance Crossnore 

Catawba : 

County Cliairman Kenyon B. Zaliner, Jr. Hickory 

Vice Cliairman Mrs. George Hutton, Jr Hickory 

Watauga : 

County Chairman F. Cecil Miller Boone 

Caldwell : 

County Cliairman Johnie J. Farmer Whitnel 

Eleventti District 

*Chairman Col. J. I. Ledbetter Asheville 

Vice Cliairman .Mrs. Earl Dorsey Mountain Home 

County Name Address 

Polk A. Vernon Home Rt. 1, Try on 

Haywood Thomas J. Hart Rt. 1, Waynesville 

Graham Dee Walt Cook Rt. 2. Robbinsville 

McDowell Wade H. Pyatt Marion 

Rutherford R. Al King Rutherfordton 

Rutherford W. Fred Williams Rutherfordton 

Jackson Orville Coward Sylva 



State Committees, Republican 259 

County Name Address 

Cherokee W. A. Hoover, Jr .Murphy 

Henderson Bobby Freeman Hendersonville 

Buncombe Mrs. Robert Griffin Asheville 

Buncombe James M. Baley, Jr Asheville 

Macon Frank L. Henry Franklin 

Madison C. D. Bailey Burnsville 

Henderson : 

County Chairman W. B. W. Howe Hendersonville 

Vice Chairman Mrs. John Claris Hendersonville 

Mitchell : 

County Chairman O. V. Tally Spruce Pine 

Vice Chairman Mrs. Bly Davenport Spruce Pine 

Madison : 

County Chairman W. B. Zink Mars Hill 

♦Members of Central Committee 



STATE REPUBLICAN SOLICITORIAL, CONGRES- 
SIONAL, JUDICIAL AND SENATORIAL 
DISTRICT COMMITTEES 

Membership of Solicitorial, Judicial and Senatorial District 
Committees shall consist of those persons appointed by the county 
chairmen with the approval of the county conventions. Member- 
ship on the Congressional District Committees shall be composed 
of the officers elected at the district conventions, county chair- 
men and vice chairmen of counties making up the district, and 
such others as the District Plan of Organization may provide. 

Chairmen — Republican County Executive Committees 

1969 

County Name Address 

Alamance Henry H. Danieley Rt. 4, Burlington 

Alexander Vernon C. BroyhiU Taylorsville 

Alleghany Robert Johnson Sparta 

Anson Lindberg Dennis Rt. 2, Polkton 

Ashe Harold F. Stanley Jefferson 

Avery George M. Harmon Rt. 1, Sugar Cove 

Beaufort D. S. Swain, Jr Washington 

Bertie E. Rawls Carter Powellsville 

Bladen Robert D. Marshall, Jr Elizabethtown 

Brunswick J. Dewey Sellers Rt. 1, Supply 

Buncombe Dr. Wayne Montgomery Asheville 

Burke N. 0. Pitts, Jr Morganton 

Cabarrus Robert S. Bogle Concord 

Caldwell Frank Smith Lenoir 

Camden Warren Riggs Old Trap 

Carteret Tom Bennett Beaufort 

Ca.swell H. O. Davis Rt. 1, Gibsonville 



260 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Manual 

County Name Address 

<';ita\vlia Kt'iiyon 15. Zaliiur, .Ir Hickory 

{'li;itliain LiiWriu' Tlioriiton (ioldston 

Cliirokee K. W. Kadt'did Kt. 1, Andrews 

ClKPwan Herbert E. JSas.s Kdeiilon 

•'I'ly \V. 1'. Hradley Havesville 

Cleveland Kdward H. Sinith Kings Momitain 

('iilund)us .IdIhi K. 'riidinp.son, Jr Wliiteville 

Craven .lolm H. Wliitty New Hern 

Cuniherland Tim Newton Fayetteville 

Currituck 

Kare V. C. Williams Waiieliese 

Davidson Robert C. Hedrick Lexington 

I 'a vie (Jarland Howeus Rt. 3, Mocksville 

liupliii Sam (Jodwin Warsaw 

Kurliam Oliver W. Alphin Durham 

Edgecombe Frank Dupree Rt. 2, Rocky Mount 

Forsyth William T. (Jraham Winst(jn- Salem 

Franklin Kicliard Alston Rt. 'I, Lf)uisl)urg 

(Jaston Dr. .Tames F. Hughey (Jastonia 

(iates 

(iraham Dee Cook Rt. 2, Robbinsville 

(iranville 

(ireene Raymond A. Seymour Rt. 2, Snow Hill 

(Juilford (ieorge W. Marschall Greensboro 

Halifax 

Harnett Larry Parker Erwin 

Haywood Thomas Hart Rt. 1, WaynesviUe 

Henderson W. H. W. Howe Henderson ville 

Hertford Ralph T. O'Herry Ahoskie 

Hoke 

Hyde Emniett Carawan Swan Quarter 

Iredell John T. Alexander Statesville 

.lackson.. l<ewis Humgarner Sylva 

■lohnston John Shallcross Smithtleld 

Jones W. W. Wicks Ma\sville 

Lee Charles M. McBryde San ford 

Lenoir (Jeorge E. Harper Kinston 

Lincoln Don M. Pendleton Lincoln ton 

.Macon (Jilnier Henson Otto 

Madison W. I?. Zink Mars Hill 

.Martin Julian Rlue. Jr Williainston 

MiDowell Wade H. Pyatt Marion 

Mecklenburg Henry H. Wilmer Charlotte 

Mitchell O. V. Tally Spruce Pine 

Montgomery James W. Owen Troy 

Moore Paul S. Helms. Robbins 

Xash .Mrs. E. (kiy Bunn Rocky .MouTit 

New Hanover F. L. Meier Wilmington 

Northampton W. T. Out land Womlland 

Onslow Alfred P. Silvia Jacksonville 

Orange P. H. Craig, Jr Chapel Hill 

Pamlico C. Raliih Forrest Vandemere 

Pasiiuotank A. W. Houtz Eliza bet li City 

Pender William F. Lewis Rt. 1, Rocky Point 

Periiuimans Cecil K. Winslow Hertford 

Person (Ieorge W. Jackson Roxboro 

Pitt Frank Steinbeck Greenville 

Polk Mrs. David Bunch Tryon 

Rand(dph ('. Julian liiady Ramseur 

Richmond David Itice, Jr Hamlet 

Robeson Tom Keith Luniberton 

Rockingham James C. Rodgers Eden 

Rowan Phil Kirk, Jr Rt. .'!. Salisbury 

Rutherford W. Fred Williams Rutherfordton 

Sampson J<ihn R. Parker Clinton 

Scotland Willam R. Bullard, Jr Rt. 1, Wagram 



State Committees, Rkpublican 261 

County Name Address 

Stanly Leon I). Parker Albemarle 

Stokes W. Clyde DugKins Rt. 2. Rural Hall 

Surry Harold Hodges, Sr Mt. Airy 

Swain Bruce Hawkins Bryson City 

Transylvania ...Ralph L. Waldrop Rt. 2, Brevard 

Tyrrell T. R. Swain Columbia 

Union Joe Medlin Rt. 2, Monroe 

Vance Leon W. Terry Henderson 

Wake Frank T. Dupree, Jr Raleijih 

Warren 

Washington R. K- Herndon Plymouth 

Watauga V. Cecil Miller Boone 

Wayne John C. Jensen Goldsboro 

Wilkes Billy 0. Anderson Moravian Falls 

Wilson Erick Little Wilson 

Yadkin Walter Zachary Yadkin ville 

Yancey Steve Boone Green Mountain 



Vice Chairmen — Republican County Executive 

Committees 
1969 

County Name Address 

Alamance Mrs. L. H. Scott Burlington 

Alexander Ethel Stikeleather Taylorsville 

Alleghany Mrs. Beale Poole Sparta 

Anson 

Ashe Zola Massey West Jefferson 

Avery Jlrs. Dan Vance Crossnore 

Beaufort ..Mary Van Dorp Washington 

Bertie Mrs. W. E. Sullivan Rt. 1, Ahoskie 

Bladen. 

Brunswick Mrs. C. R. Babson Freeland 

Buncombe Mrs. Wesley Potter Asheville 

Burke Louise Hood Rt. 7, Morganton 

Cabarrus Mrs. Sarah James Mt. Pleasant 

Caldwell Sadie Coffey Rt. 7, Lenoir 

Camden Helen Stevens Camden 

Carteret Alma Til'hman Beaufort 

Caswell Mrs. W. P. Allred Rt. 2, Elon College 

Catawba Mrs. George X. Button, Jr Hickory 

Chatham Mrs. Dewey Barber Goldston 

Cherokee Mrs. Nell A. White Murphy 

Chowan Mrs. D. 0. Wright Edenton 

Clay Mrs. .Lack Ford Rt. 2, Hayesville 

Cleveland Mrs. Ann Gay Duvall Shelby 

Columbus Mrs. Thomas Warren Whiteville 

Craven Mary Kate Smith Rt. 3. New Bern 

Cumberland Linda Furr Fayetteville 

Currituck 

Dare Mrs. Carrie Tillett Wanchese 

Davidson Martha Nicholson Rt. 1, Thomasville 

Davie Mrs. Gilbert Roger Rt. 3, Mocksville 

Duplin -Mrs. Sallie Blanchard Rose Hill 

Durham Ruth Harris Durham 

Edgecombe „,. ^ „ , 

Forsyth .Mrs. Charlotte Ludlum Winston-Salem 

Franklin Mrs. Melvin Nelms Louisburg 



262 NouTH Cakoi.ina Manttal 



County Name Address 

Ciistoii Mrs. Virtiitiia KiIumiiIs fJastonia 

Cntcs 

(Irahani Mrs. Carl LotiK Kotibiiisville 

(Irativillc 

(Jrcorie .Mrs. Ua.vniinKl Si.vmour Rt. 2, Siiou Hill 

(iuilt'ord .Mrs. H. I». Wooster, Jr Hi(,'h I'liiiit 

Halifax (irt'ta Hra swell ..Koaiioke Hap ids 

Harnett Helen McFarland Kt. 1. Hroadu y 

Haywciod Mrs. Ray Sinjileton Rt. 2, Canton 

Hertford Mrs. .1. W. Futrcll Murfreesboro 

Hiiulersnn .Mrs. .John Claris Henders(uiville 

ll(il<c 

Hyde William Sawyer . IVinzer 

Iredell .Mrs, Hen .Millsaps Rt. 4, Mooresville 

.lacksnn Kuth Hennin;; Sylva 

.lolinston .Mrs. John Shalleross Smithtleld 

Jones Nell Jones Maysyille 

Lee .Mrs. Isabelle Liitterloh Sanford 

Lenoir ,Mis. (). A. Ititeh Kinston 

Lineoln Dr. (Jordon C ('r(]well Lineiilnlun 

.Macdii .. Mrs. Hriee Rowland Franklin 

.Madison .Mrs. Loy V. Roberts Rt. r,, Marsball 

.Martin .Mrs. Hennette Roberson.. Rt. 1, Robersoiiyille 

.MiKowell Mrs. Lexie Corliett Marion 

.Mecklenliurt' Mrs. William Miiller Charlotte 

Mitchell .Mrs. Hly I)a\eni>ort Spruie IMiie 

.Muntuoniery -Mrs. Kster Cbappell Candor 

.Moore .Mrs. Dawn Leland Rt. .S, Carthatje 

Xash .Miehael E. ArmstronK Roeky Mount 

Xew Hanoyer Mrs. Jndy Carter Wilininuton 

Northampton. .Mrs. Sandra Barnes Woodland 

Dnslow .\nna Dayilia Jackscjnyille 

Orantre .Mrs. C. .\. Towey Chaiiel Hill 

I'anilieo Viyian Hardison Arapahoe 

I'as(|uotank Mrs. Elsie Hrickhouse Elizabeth City 

Tender .Mrs. (J. F. Benn Kiirfzaw 

I'erquimans Leon Edwarfls Hertford 

Person Hazel G. Murray Roxtioro 

Pitt Mrs. Kmneth .Mc.Mpine Crifton 

I'olk Mrs. Grace Bunch Tryon 

Randolph Annie Sliaw Asheboro 

Rii-bmond 

Rotieson Mrs. Kay Monroe Lumberton 

Rockingham Dorothy Slade - Reidsyille 

Rowan .Mrs. John Lsenhour, Jr Salislniry 

Rut lier ford Mrs. Carolyn Gardner Fore'^t City 

Sampson Mrs. Shirley Dates Clinton 

Scotland Mrs. Thomas W. Parker Laurinburt: 

Stanly... Mrs. Jackie Furr . Stantield 

Stokes Mrs. Vester Marshall Rt. 1, Westtield 

Surry Mrs. Bob Mills Ararat 

Swain 

Transylyania Mrs. Jane Johnson Breyard 

Tyrrell Mrs. W. C. Liyerman Rt. 1, Columbia 

r'nion... ...Mrs. Olin Sikes .Monroe 

Vance .Mrs. Ruby J. Lassiter Heiulerson 

Wake Mrs. W. S. Hunt. Jr Rt. 1. Rabi-h 

Warren 

Wasliington Mrs. Kathy Carter Plymouth 

Wat.iuca .Mrs. Lura Greene. Boone 

Wayne Mrs. James Morris Cnddsboro 

Wilkes Mrs. Paul Church Rt. 2, Ronda 

Wils(m .Mrs. Juanita Sims Wilson 

Yadkin Mrs. Phillip Casstevens Cycle 

Yancey. Jancie Boone Burnsyille 



PART IV 
ELECTION RETURNS 



ELECTION RETURNS— 1968 

Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States 
and District of Columbia 



States 



Popular Vote 



Humphrey 
Democrat 



Nixon 
Republican 



Wallace 
American 



Electoral Vote 



Humphrey 
Democrat 



NixoD 
Republican 



Wallace 
American 



Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa-- -- 

Kansas -. 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire- - 

New Jersey- 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina... 

North Dakota 

Ohio -- 

Oklahoma 

Oregon - 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina. -. 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia.. 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyomin? 

Dist. of Columbia 



•194,388 

35,411 

170,514 

184,901 

3,244,318 

331,063 

621,561 

89,194 

676,794 

334,439 

141,324 

89,273 

2,039,814 

806,659 

476,699 

302,996 

397,541 

309,615 

217,312 

538,310 

1,469,218 

1,593,082 

857,738 

150,644 

791,444 

114,117 

170,784 

60,598 

130,589 

1,264,206 

130,081 

3,378,470 

464,113 

94,769 

1,700,586 

306,658 

358,865 

2,259,403 

246,518 

197,486 

118,023 

351,233 

1,266,804 

156,665 

70,255 

442,387 

616,037 

374,091 

748,804 

45,173 

139,556 



Total 31.270,533 



146,923 

37,540 

266,721 

189,062 

3,467,644 

409,345 

556,721 

96,714 

888,804 

366,611 

91,425 

165,369 

2,174,774 

1,067,885 

619,106 

478,674 

462,411 

257,535 

169,254 

517,995 

766,844 

1,370,665 

658,643 

88,516 

811,932 

138,853 

312,163 

73,188 

154,903 

1,325,467 

169,692 

3,007,932 

627,192 

138,669 

1,791,014 

449,697 

408,433 

2,090,017 

122,359 

254,062 

149,841 

472,592 

1,227,844 

238,728 

85,142 

590,315 

588,510 

307,555 

809,997 

70,927 

31,012 



31.770,237 



689,009 

10,024 

46,573 

235,627 

487,270 

60,813 

76,650 

28,459 

624,207 

535,550 

3,469 

36,541 

390,958 

243,108 

66,422 

88,921 

193,098 

530,300 

6,370 

178,734 

87,088 

331,968 

68,931 

415,349 

206,126 

20,015 

44,904 

20,432 

11,173 

262, 187 

25,737 

358,864 

496,188 

14,244 

467,495 

191,731 

49,683 

378,582 

15,678 

215,430 

13,400 

424,792 

584,269 

26,906 

5,104 

320,272 

96,990 

72,560 

127,835 

11.105 



9,897.141 



4 

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14 
21 
10 



43 



29 
4 



25 



191 



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26 
13 



12 
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17 
4 



12 
4 

26 



8 

4 

11 



4 

3 

12 



12 
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301 



10 



12 



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46 



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266 



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Election Returns 



269 






cc'cc *o "O lo'cc •— "^c^ia5r-.cocce*5ca>— a:.-t05'-'cooocc>-»i-<cocco 



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Election Returns 



271 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES 
PRIMARY, MAY 4, 1968 



County 


Robert W. 

Scott 

(D) 


J. Melville 
Broughton, Jr. 

(D) 


Reginald A. 
Hawkins 

(D) 


John L. 

Stiekley 

(R) 


James C. 
Gardner 
(R) 


Alamance 


9,606 
1,203 
1,073 
2,022 
1,925 

531 
3,049 
2,440 
2,369 
1,886 
9,567 
5,513 
6,101 
4,304 

533 
3,290 
1,596 
3,641 
2,349 
1,233 
1,312 

304 
5,078 
4,497 
3,685 
6,181 

793 

841 
6,192 
1,098 
3,381 
7,369 
3,303 
10,555 
3.061 
6,591 
1,174 

467 
1,831 
1,817 
14,202 
4,004 
3,576 
3,778 
1,861 
1,616 
1,457 

850 
5,203 
1,610 
5,041 

972 
2,559 
4,178 
2,556 
1,260 
2,030 
2,812 
3,012 


3,217 

622 

439 

1,394 

384 

118 

2,096 

1,089 

2,714 

2,326 

6,761 

1,609 

2,664 

1,641 

388 

1,630 

773 

2,310 

1,433 

391 

628 

144 

4,883 

3,530 

3,552 

5,129 

720 

759 

2,312 

480 

1,788 

9,484 

2,753 

8,402 

3,284 

5,084 

369 

191 

2,458 

1,069 

9,194 

3,289 

3,121 

1,853 

1,295 

1,118 

1.051 

308 

2,645 

1,206 

3.453 

531 

1,774 

2.020 

1.660 

294 

593 

1,450 

1,091 


1,703 

62 

18 

1,126 

16 

10 

1,132 

1,784 

1,492 

1,477 

1,911 

741 

1,150 

614 

195 

488 

532 

602 

837 

19 

473 

8 

1,673 

1,582 

2.009 

3,106 

142 

59 

1,001 

405 

1.186 

9,014 

2,606 

7,245 

1,677 

1,515 

187 

4 

924 

892 

6,848 

2,013 

786 

135 

77 

1,120 

1,238 

250 

1,192 

44 

1,234 

762 

396 

1,632 

375 

19 

32 

1,278 

235 


435 

250 

124 

27 

203 

491 

27 

10 

30 

42 

1,732 

1,241 

1,310 

1,333 

10 

69 

13 

1,483 

72 

199 

16 

40 

371 

48 

56 

166 

4 

36 

1,126 

475 

41 

420 

38 

1,542 

24 

1,180 

9 

227 

16 

17 

1,742 

23 

35 

316 

1,220 

5 

24 

33 

1.087 

194 

37 

10 

113 

66 

945 

148 

134 

21 

372 


1,992 


Alexander. . 


1,057 


Alleghany 


148 


Anson .. 


118 


Ashe 


615 


Avery .. 


1,778 


Beaufort. . ... 


371 


Bertie 


54 


Bladen 


125 




578 




4,337 


Burke 


2,329 




1,630 


Caldwell 


2,483 


Camden 


9 


Carteret 


1,389 


Caswell - 


140 


Catawba 


1,731 


Chatham 


1,093 


Cherokee . 


727 


Chowan . 


97 


Clay 


237 


Cleveland 


542 


Columbus .. 


362 


Craven 


664 


Cumberland 

Currituck 


1,112 
7 


Dare . 


111 


Davidson . .. 


4,338 


Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Forsyth 


1,991 
899 

2,670 
798 

4,499 


Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville .. 


425 

2.495 

14 

450 

85 


Greene... .. 


260 


Guilford 

Halifax 


5,230 
194 


Harnett 


1,426 


Haywood 


548 


Henderson . 


1,530 


Hertford. 


58 


Hoke 


105 


Hyde.. 


78 


Iredell. 


1,494 


Jackson. 


744 


Johnston 


1.903 


Jones.. 


113 


Lee.. 


252 


Lenoir. 


901 


Lincoln 


1,111 


Macon 


286 


Madison 


735 


Martin 


121 


McDowell 


718 



272 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES 
PRIMARY, MAY 4, 1968 



County 



Mecklenburg- 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash_ -. 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. . 

Pender 

Perquimans.. 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly _ _ 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrreil 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington . . 
Watauga... . . 

Wayne 

Wilkes.. 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 



Robert W. 

Scott 
(D) 



18,131 

585 
2,074 
2,959 
4,188 
5,288 
2,889 
3,608 
4,040 

909 
2.032 
1,633 

931 
2,681 
6,869 

896 
3,500 
3,607 
5,977 
5,835 
6,405 
4,225 
2,647 
1,459 
3,113 
2,053 
4,056 

704 
1,234 

442 
3,504 
1,842 
12,949 
1,153 
1,371 
1,821 
3,941 
3,166 
4,065 
1,172 
1,076 



J. Melville 

Broughton, Jr. 

(D) 



337,368 



11.248 

81 

734 

1.982 

3,953 

6,452 

1,951 

2,375 

2.761 

486 

1.745 

.341 

645 

.045 

,176 

593 

,707 

,820 

4.395 

4,106 

4,256 

2,142 

1,743 

1,289 

1,554 

1,239 

2,971 

491 

621 

297 

2,366 

4,096 

14,949 

1,845 

987 

431 

3,157 

787 

3,602 

375 

166 



233,924 



Reginald .\. 

Hawkins 

(D) 



8,053 

7 

294 

1,164 

2,748 

3,044 

2,289 

976 

3,740 

423 

1,019 

728 

435 

1,523 

3,355 

98 

284 

1,726 

3,475 

2.263 

2,347 

435 

727 

707 

442 

342 

328 

21 

110 

231 

518 

2,869 

6,073 

1,409 

856 

56 

1,482 

148 

1,666 

96 

18 



129,808 



John L. 

Stickley 
(R) 



James C. 
Gardner 

(R) 



,443 

713 

76 

345 

55 

458 

7 

41 

432 

5 

56 

20 

7 

45 

108 

162 

436 

102 

36 

277 

,694 

594 

330 

45 

,272 

268 

434 

38 

58 

1 

255 

24 

786 

9 

11 

639 

69 

,901 

87 

537 

129 



42.483 



223 
666 
978 
233 
691 
872 
28 
529 

1,182 
143 
161 
137 
30 
400 

1,415 
292 

5,778 

72 

153 

1,497 

3,893 
467 

2,746 
37 

1,272 

1,200 

2,224 
169 
535 
23 
291 
342 

3,839 

44 

120 

905 

1.104 

4,271 
840 

2,229 
246 

113,584 



Election Returns 



273 



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North Carolina Manual 



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276 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES OF 

1954, 1956, 1960 and 1964 

1954 
FOR STATK TREASURER— 

Edwin Gill 344,796 

Joshua S. James -- - ---- .149,473 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Charles F. Gold __. ---- 278,913 

John F.Fletcher. _._ ..-_ .-- ....197,432 

1956 
FOR GOVERNOR— 

Luther H. Hodges - 401,082 

TomSawver 29,248 

Harry P.Stokelv.. -- -- - 24,416 

C.E. Earle, Jr..".... 11,908 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

Luther E. Barnhardt ...161,662 

AlonzoC. Edwards .124,611 

Kidd Brewer - .--- 56,227 

Gurney P. Hood 54,747 

J. V. WhitHeld.... 37,275 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE— 

L. Y. Ballentine - 324,795 

Kermit U.Gray -. -- 86,34 2 

FOR COxMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Charles F. Gold 308,998 

John N. Frederick -- -- 90,409 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR— 

Frank Crane .-- 191,937 

H. D. Lambeth 101,959 

James R. Farlow 88,261 

1960 

First Primary 
FOR GOVERNOR- 

TerrvSanford 269,463 

I. Beverly Lake. 181,692 

MakolmB. Seawell.. .-. 101,148 

John D. Larkins, Jr 100,757 

Second Primary 

Terry Sanford. ._ ...352,133 

I. Beverly Lake - - 275,905 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

H. Clovd Philpott - 238,353 

C. V.Henkel -- 181.850 

David M.McConnelL... 175,150 

David Bailey (R) 10.704 

S. Clyde Eggers (R) - 6,401 

OthaB. Batten (R) 3,645 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Charles F. Gold - ■^22,981 

John N. Frederick ^'^^■^19 

J.E.Cameron (R) 11.934 

Deems H. Clifton (R) - 6.748 



Election Returns 277 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES OF 
1954, 1956, 1960 and 1964— Continued 

FOR ASSOCIATE JUSTICE OF SUPREME COURT— 

CliftonL. Moore -.- ??5'?:?I 

William J. Cocke 148,116 

1964 

First Primary 
FOR GOVERNOR- 

L. Richardson Preyer - - -^'^hH)t 

Dan K. Moore. __ _. --- - -- - 257,8/2 

I. Beverlv Lake - --- - 217,172 

Kidd Brewer --- -- -- --- -- 8,026 

Bruce Burleson - - - „ ' , 15 

R. J. Stansbury ---- --- - 2,145 

Robert L. Gavin (R) --- - --- --- 53,145 

Charles W. Strong (R) - - 8,652 

Don Badgley (R) - ---- 2,018 

Second Primary 

Dan K.Moore --- l^^'e?! 

L. Richardson Preyer ...293,863 

First Primary 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

Robert W. Scott 308,992 

H. Clifton Blue ?5M?! 

John R. Jordan, Jr - 140,27 7 

Clifton Lee Bell (R) 40,14 3 

Robert A. Flynt (R) -- 14,64 

Second Primary 

Robert W.Scott___ _ 373,027 

H.Clifton Blue 359,000 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR— 

Frank Crane ---- 348,453 

Frank Castlebury _._ -- 140,350 

JohnB. Warden, Jr _ ---- - -.-- - -.116,6/6 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Edwin S. Lanier ---. ...;.398,428 

John B. Whitley ...- - - 135,384 

John N. Frederick ._ --- - - 83,970 

John C. Clifford (R) _ -. -- -- 41,238 

Ralph B. Pfaff (R) - - 13, 9« 



278 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES 
PRIMARY, MAY 4, 1968 





H. Pat 


Mrs. James M. 


Frank M. 


Trosper Noland 


Don H. 


County 


Taylor, Jr. (D) 


Harper, Jr. (D) 


Matlock (D) 


Combs (R) 


Garren (R) 


Alamance 


9,402 

1,335 

834 


2, 8.34 
118 
166 


1,469 
251 
142 


571 
214 

78 


1 575 


Alexander 


928 


Alleghany 


142 


Anson _. 


2,996 
1,670 
426 
3,596 
2,829 
3,305 
1,013 
13,201 
4,719 


977 

205 

73 

1,086 

935 

2,409 

3,787 

2,267 

1,832 


329 
173 
59 
619 
315 
623 
416 
851 
889 


31 

143 

278 

88 

14 

37 

119 

1,175 

442 


103 


Ashe 


622 


Avery 


1,260 


Beaufort . 


234 


Bertie 


37 


Bla.len 


106 


Brunswick . _ . . . 


405 


Buncombe 


3,685 


Burke 


2,792 


Cabarrus.. 


7,586 
4,003 

423 
3,459 
1,879 
4,433 
2,599 
1,297 
1,268 

353 
6,779 
4,083 
4,8.35 
9,934 


988 

1,436 

378 

946 

475 

854 

1,170 

140 

677 

45 

2,593 

3,392 

1,3.39 

2,638 


809 
640 

70 
393 
313 
747 
466 

93 
158 

24 
733 
858 
885 
893 


671 

631 

6 

305 

40 
558 
275 
116 

33 

20 
331 

89 
289 
342 


2,059 


Caldwell 


2,692 


Camden . 


11 


Carteret 


1,023 


Caswell. 


100 


Catawba 


2,328 


Chatham 


683 


Cherokee 


733 


Chowan 


60 


Clay.. 


239 


Cleveland . . . 


600 


Columbus.. 


255 


Craven 


322 


Cumberland 


821 


Currituck 


712 


495 


165 


4 


4 


Dare 


824 
6,401 


467 
1,786 


107 
803 


20 
1,209 


102 


Davidson 


3,825 


Davie . 


1,079 
3,652 


388 
1,537 


218 
498 


400 
172 


1,736 


Duplin 


663 


Durham 


10,809 
4,379 


11,210 

2,738 


1,348 
595 


763 
206 


1,439 


Edgecombe 


495 


Forsyth 


13,930 
6,018 


6,334 
903 


1,608 
425 


1,478 
106 


3,524 


Franklin 


235 


Gaston 


8,834 
810 


2,163 
579 


1,062 
129 


574 
5 


2,672 


Gates 


14 


Graham... . 


494 


46 


43 


105 


448 


Granville 


3,007 


1,210 


462 


28 


46 


Greene 


2,456 


669 


386 


58 


169 


Guilford 


17,535 


5,121 


2,736 


1,772 


3,349 


Halifax 


6,006 
4,894 


2,253 

1,288 


684 
583 


39 
219 


152 


Harnett 


1,029 


Haywood 


3,976 


998 


329 


137 


667 


Henderson 


2,. 334 


561 


192 


196 


2,545 


Hertford 


1,995 


700 


196 


30 


24 


Hoke 


2,206 


1,052 


300 


32 


86 


Hyde. 


656 


334 


113 


33 


63 


Iredell... 


5,924 


1,165 


1,194 


687 


1,694 


Jackson 


2,067 


343 


206 


106 


600 


Johnston. 


5,483 


2,093 


600 


411 


1,229 


Jones 


1,045 


778 


279 


27 


72 


Lee. 


2,724 


1,052 


205 


114 


157 


Lenoir 


4,357 


2,043 


795 


155 


716 


Lincoln 


3,366 


462 


283 


424 


1,362 


Macon.. 


1,288 


153 


58 


91 


304 


Madison. .. 


1,905 


208 


55 


123 


554 


Martin 


2,857 


1,622 


334 


27 


97 


McDowell. 


3,035 


620 


318 


196 


780 


Mecklenburg 


25,528 


3,644 


1,798 


1,875 


6,611 



Election Returns 



279 



VOTE FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES 
PRIMARY, MAY 4, 1968 



County 



Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. . 

Pender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes. 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance.. 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington. . 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals... 



H.Pat 
Taylor, Jr. (D) 



472 
356 
545 
013 
261 
195 
618 
928 
166 
413 
944 
752 
184 
893 
984 
376 
167 
338 
045 
385 
541 
988 
262 
698 
242 
887 
917 
437 
470 
948 
091 
540 
424 
878 
,586 
468 
000 
729 
,121 
930 



418,035 



Mrs. James M. 
Harper, Jr. (D) 



76 

401 

307 

807 

722 

489 

1,221 

3,984 

243 

1,925 

1,057 

764 

1,333 

3,620 

245 

965 

831 

3,853 

3,774 

1,604 



113 

1,156 

621 

674 

377 

1,297 

141 

246 

208 

602 

1,163 

5,277 

1,177 

560 

253 

1,639 

433 

2,345 

229 

106 

148,613 



Frank M. 
Matlock (D) 



108 
117 
434 
795 
1,261 
585 
669 
556 
138 
440 
305 
195 
560 
1,376 
195 
548 
370 
1,085 
1,803 
1,421 
581 
423 
207 
331 
334 
585 
78 
152 
86 
346 
679 
886 
451 
352 
150 
483 
400 
654 
131 
91 

52,686 



Trosper Noland 
Combs (R) 



245 

188 

629 

367 

803 

9 

143 

307 

21 

70 

27 

11 

89 

357 

68 

1,244 

64 

54 

519 

1,969 

250 

618 

39 

589 

340 

636 

32 

36 

6 

107 

96 

1,475 

13 

18 

329 

293 

1,612 

224 

537 

116 

33,268 



DonH. 
Garren (R) 



1,309 
691 

1,541 

1,064 

2,113 

19 

376 

967 

92 

103 

123 

24 

253 

904 

355 

3,785 

64 

110 

1,019 

4,171 
693 

1,887 
40 

1,610 
853 

1,794 
160 
494 
12 
406 
213 

2,210 

26 

92 

804 

597 

3,625 
563 

1,720 
277 

98,437 



280 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTP: for state officers in the primaries, 1968, 

BY counties 





ATTORNEY GENERAL 


STATE TREASURER 


f'ouiity 


Robert 
Morgan (D) 


Wade 
Bruton (D) 


Edwin 
Gill (D) 


Sneed 
High (D) 


Alamance -. 


7,824 

850 

500 
2,130 
1,096 

353 
3,555 
2,106 
3,586 
2,308 
5,732 
4,719 
5,263 
3,255 

425 
2,395 
1,291 
3,077 
2,666 

473 
1,328 

141 
8,258 
3,608 
3,946 
9,766 

812 

753 
3,992 

828 
2,998 
15,557 
4,345 
11,289 
4,304 
7. 433 

796 

184 
2,447 
2,177 
14,694 
4,896 
6,400 
2,651 

985 
1,275 
1.986 

684 
4,263 
1,049 
4,672 
1.246 
3.322 
4.012 
2.042 

672 
1.653 
3,457 


5,130 

687 

597 

1,806 

871 

156 

1,759 

1,537 

2,606 

2,236 

8,689 

2,543 

3,816 

2,397 

448 

2,301 

1,151 

2,706 

1,420 

1,007 

689 

250 

2,026 

3.991 

3, 158 

3,995 

471 

523 

4,842 

851 

2,492 

6,915 

3,236 

9,272 

2,410 

4,391 

540 

301 

2,036 

1,275 

9,740 

3.884 

1,039 

2,388 

1,498 

1,161 

1.560 

414 

3,771 

1.364 

2.820 

779 

817 

3.074 

1.741 

716 

287 

1.304 


8,747 
1,206 
771 
2,950 
1.487 
352 
3.771 
2,629 
3.793 
3,173 

11,098 
4,006 
6,487 
4,110 
647 
3.202 
1.907 
4.263 
2,794 
1,245 
1,457 
325 
7,345 
5.705 
5.016 
3.669 
1,004 
945 
6,277 
1,213 
4.205 

15.816 
5,331 

12,137 
4,614 
7,510 
1,142 
380 
3,486 
2,599 

15,899 
6,611 
4,546 
3.937 
2.227 
2,087 
1.518 
804 
5.687 
1.931 
5.788 
1.173 
2,081 
4.769 
2.786 
1.131 
645 
3.117 


4.335 


Alexander 

Alleghany 


425 

260 


Anson 


987 


Ashe 


449 


Avery 


169 


Beaufort--- 


1,431 


Bertie 


1,006 


Bladen 


2,574 


Brunswick 


1,513 


Buncombe - . . 


3,022 


Burke 


3,283 


Cabarrus 


2,590 


Caldwell 


1.606 


Camden 


168 


Carteret. 


1,461 


Caswell... 


544 


Catawba 


1,572 


Chatham 


1,249 


Cherokee 


214 


Chowan 


544 


Ciav 


75 


Cleveland 


2,587 


Columbus 


2,222 


Craven 


1,992 


Cumberland 


10,384 


Currituck 


251 


Dare 


349 


Davidson . _ 


2,493 


Davie 


467 


Duplin 


1,364 


Durham 


7,511 


Edgecombe 


2,357 


Forsyth 


7,932 


Franklin... 


2,754 


Gaston 


4.137 


Gates 


267 


Graham 


132 


Granville 


1,094 


Greene 


862 


Guilford-. 


5,727 


Halifax 


2,282 


Harnett.. 


2,082 


Haywood.. 


1,124 


Henderson 


528 


Hertford.. 


429 


Hoke 


2.036 


Hyde 


360 


Iredell-... 


2.360 


Jackson 


592 


Johnston 


2.336 


Jones 


876 


Lee 


1.862 


Lenoir 


2.383 


Lincoln. 


1.043 


Macon 

Madison . 


290 
1.304 


Martin 


1.663 



Election Returns 



281 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1968, 
BY COUNTIES— Continued 



County 



McDowell... 
Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank.. 

Pender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. 

Rowan 

Rutherford. . 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrreil 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes. 

Wilson 

Yadkin. 

Yancey 

Totals... 



ATTORNEY GENERAL 



Robert 
Morgan (D) 



2,035 

18,840 

243 

624 

3,074 

6,630 

6,990 

2,681 

3.486 

5,453 

917 

1,630 

1,733 

991 

2,924 

10,860 

775 

2,822 

2,463 

6,603 

5,400 

7,683 

3,590 

3,375 

1,798 

2,504 

1,299 

3,456 

442 

938 

365 

2,670 

5,058 

17,918 

1,969 

1,566 

980 

5,077 

1,671 

4,147 

724 

593 



353,522 



Wade 
Bruton (D) 



1,763 

10,172 

267 

2,279 

2,165 

3,049 

6,078 

2,651 

2,847 

3,536 

583 

1,952 

1,456 

630 

1,962 

2,420 

582 

1,908 

2,559 

5,288 

4,858 

4,437 

2,440 

1,177 

1,253 

1,920 

1,424 

3,087 

594 

834 

376 

2,612 

2,763 

9,385 

1,881 

974 

962 

2,383 

2,054 

4,464 

640 

426 



240,975 



STATE TREASURER 



Edwin 
Gill (D) 



2,856 
17,815 

446 
2,085 
3,807 
6,080 
8,962 
4,174 
4,235 
5, 138 
1,165 
2,895 
2,330 
1,221 
3,271 
8,653 

969 
3,531 
3,590 
8,190 
7,355 
8,394 
4,668 
3,139 
2,428 
2,934 
2,184 
4,692 

788 
1,245 

569 
4,088 
6,153 
17,964 
3,102 
2,129 
1,384 
5,251 
2,245 
6,441 

988 

545 



405,650 



Sneed 
High (D) 



929 

11,057 

91 

587 

1,528 

3,786 

3,904 

1,385 

2,127 

4,089 

362 

892 

900 

409 

1,741 

3,984 

385 

980 

1,206 

3,714 

2,968 

3,855 

1,394 

1,372 

715 

1,435 

566 

1,917 

243 

523 

171 

1,342 

,982 

,350 

858 

634 

592 

2,112 

1,454 

2,265 

425 

487 



1, 



187.625 



282 

VOTE FOR 



North Carolina Manual 

STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 
BY COUNTIES 



1968, 



County 



Alamance. . 
Alexander.. 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort... 

Bertie 

Bladen.... 
Brunswick. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus... 
Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba... 

Chatham 

Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck.. 

Dare 

Davidson. . 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford... 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson. . 
Hertford... 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee.. 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 



SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 



Ravmond A. 


Wendell W. 


Everette 


Craig 


William D. 


Stone (D) 


Smiley (D) 


Miller (D) 


Phillips (D) 


Harrill (D) 


4,935 


625 


1,648 


4,344 


824 


523 


101 


228 


577 


120 


285 


97 


136 


298 


52 


1,115 


194 


451 


1,828 


315 


525 


124 


249 


751 


157 


249 


25 


59 


136 


35 


1,208 


647 


1,655 


1,308 


415 


670 


157 


1,940 


588 


265 


2,574 


519 


1,257 


997 


684 


1,970 


361 


480 


986 


591 


3,691 


537 


3,296 


5,442 


2,168 


1,508 


357 


995 


3,797 


508 


2,401 


492 


1,199 


4,077 


731 


1,907 


454 


897 


1,765 


490 


262 


58 


169 


122 


139 


1,229 


268 


786 


1,640 


433 


895 


181 


308 


703 


215 


1,591 


321 


1,440 


1,922 


409 


1,584 


150 


553 


1,169 


333 


415 


152 


254 


405 


165 


570 


146 


352 


621 


225 


184 


59 


59 


62 


33 


3,682 


384 


1,550 


2,416 


1,727 


2,450 


589 


1,980 


1,643 


885 


2,030 


344 


1,124 


2,259 


888 


7,950 


533 


1,471 


2,265 


931 


482 


66 


198 


192 


227 


687 


74 


143 


171 


136 


3,504 


405 


1,334 


3,002 


441 


498 


133 


192 


707 


89 


2,204 


221 


1,167 


1,269 


354 


2,868 


94 


3,407 


12,981 


1,903 


1,542 


392 


2,125 


2,556 


645 


2,742 


445 


1,373 


17,526 


612 


5,579 


143 


447 


847 


203 


2,563 


518 


1,073 


6,403 


976 


135 


70 


620 


217 


244 


111 


61 


53 


114 


113 


1,942 


172 


503 


1,337 


439 


677 


117 


352 


1,629 


307 


5,013 


560 


2,191 


14,200 


974 


2,526 


641 


1,459 


3,223 


714 


2,602 


405 


1,284 


1,443 


447 


1,291 


501 


601 


1,915 


528 


1,132 


225 


413 


837 


308 


228 


91 


1,682 


193 


359 


1,841 


125 


227 


1,165 


180 


322 


35 


435 


165 


90 


2,427 


458 


1,250 


3,023 


669 


436 


167 


280 


1,371 


210 


3,080 


170 


1,511 


1,824 


764 


682 


106 


334 


609 


225 


1,518 


89 


1,030 


1,171 


136 


1,977 


445 


1,752 


1,912 


599 


804 


238 


380 


1,748 


508 


358 


194 


282 


352 


116 


1,256 


37 


183 


515 


76 


1.736 


249 


1,060 


1,041 


352 



Election Returns 



283 



VOTES FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1968, 
BY COUNTIES— Continued 



County 



SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 



Raymond A. 
Stone (D) 



Wendell W. 
Smiley (D) 



Everette 
Miller (D) 



Craig 
Phillips (D) 



William D. 
Harrill (D) 



McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash -. 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. . 

Pender 

Perquimans.. 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain.. 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

WaKe- 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 



106 
369 
173 
643 
887 
237 
665 
140 
850 
600 
279 
201 
956 
380 
413 
584 
286 

,324 
266 

,468 
777 
471 
133 
601 
768 
097 
740 
638 
148 
480 
186 

,173 
494 

,989 
675 
093 
981 
775 
714 
267 
276 
178 



216 
785 

46 
113 

94 
342 
780 
401 
384 
300 

63 
164 
241 

78 

266 

2,679 

65 
171 
278 
658 
604 
658 
302 
280 

61 
131 
167 
388 
297 
168 

30 
197 
281 
252 
298 
176 

65 

66 
166 
229 

61 
117 



377 

1,844 

53 

241 

278 

2,826 

1,399 

2,144 

848 

832 

251 

472 

630 

316 

609 

2,175 

195 

781 

513 

1,287 

964 

1,818 

771 

774 

648 

485 

457 

622 

91 

295 

168 

516 

444 

10,680 

396 

584 

156 

1,958 

243 

1,568 

131 

118 



1,536 

18,482 

200 

533 

1,212 

1,968 

3,480 

915 

2,336 

3,881 

600 

757 

620 

406 

1,739 

2,768 

300 

1,992 

1,507 

4,155 

3,117 

4,748 

1,579 

1,031 

1,128 



2,284 

1,190 

3,378 

437 

539 

247 

2,921 

2,260 

7,274 

1,245 

420 

627 

3,470 

2,354 

1,676 

835 

547 



475 

1,092 

34 

93 

134 

824 

1,483 

744 

709 

283 

127 

794 

546 

324 

345 

970 

456 

241 

421 

1,248 

539 

1,180 

2,251 

554 

343 

212 

134 

464 

66 

203 

88 

486 

336 

1,339 

254 

269 

88 

922 

218 

765 

79 

65 



186,647 



28,640 



95,835 



220,473 



49,880 



284 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1968, 

BY COUNTIES 



Countv 



Alamance. . 
Alexander. _ 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Blailcn 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus... 
Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus. . 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck. _ 

Dare 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham. .. 
Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford.... 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson.. 
Hertford... 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 



COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 



Edwin S. 
Lanier (D) 



065 
732 
368 
847 
884 
259 
149 
902 
129 
235 
521 
461 
788 
731 
439 
769 
358 
142 
675 
742 
998 
181 
940 
131 
629 
200 
598 
570 
454 
893 
179 
878 
555 
396 
419 
204 
474 
271 
950 
264 
366 
108 
320 
291 
724 
065 
201 
698 
288 
277 
863 
985 
610 
521 
614 
632 
297 
707 



George A. 
Belk (D) 



2,505 
316 
181 
956 
254 
91 
516 
363 
753 
550 

2,987 

1,492 

2,539 

1,660 

84 

491 

330 

1,426 

468 

154 

237 

46 

2,382 
826 

1,116 

1,491 
149 
165 

1,235 
242 
497 

4,766 
462 

1,893 
536 

3,942 

106 

64 

369 

252 

2,976 
620 
840 
939 
496 
607 
404 
163 

1,471 
448 

1,213 
199 
540 
753 

1,252 

225 

91 

300 



Fred 
Benton (D) 



1,072 
151 
207 

428 
278 
46 
518 
522 
881 
1,088 



498 
885 
.118 
493 
188 
606 
312 
492 
336 
247 
318 
82 
Q58 
958 



1,119 

2,101 

201 

235 

837 

283 

505 

3,786 

623 

2,647 

1,176 

921 

546 

78 

613 

347 

1 , 769 

1,641 

884 

783 

334 

454 

425 

152 

453 

483 

1,337 

272 

370 

740 

302 

258 

1,199 

412 



John B. 
Whitley (D) 



1,425 

446 

189 

600 

513 

100 

920 

707 

1,446 

663 

855 

1,238 

1.730 

937 

83 

726 

617 

725 

519 

276 

409 

87 

1,506 

1,039 

1,131 

1,535 

295 

222 

1,489 

265 

504 

680 

1,046 

2,237 

1,118 

1,743 

205 

76 

512 

602 

2,320 

1,414 

652 

1,011 

302 

300 

495 

98 

4,164 

410 

1,039 

581 

344 

1,184 

677 

235 

165 

1,273 



Carl W. 
Rice (R) 



944 

449 

96 

54 

309 

629 

119 

18 

59 

200 

1,637 

1,396 

1,147 

1,336 

9 

416 

65 

1,100 

381 

220 

40 

53 

352 

157 

214 

444 

3 

65 

1,973 

1,031 

181 

1,248 

299 

1,950 

177 

1,450 

11 

212 

35 

108 

1,968 

95 

345 

292 

954 

15 

57 

34 

1,080 

209 

465 

49 

111 

359 

730 

155 

337 

48 



Everett L. 
Peterson (R) 



1,147 

665 

117 

75 

424 

820 

184 

30 

83 

322 

2,502 

1,734 

1,555 

1,911 

9 

911 

66 

1,697 

539 

611 

55 

200 

469 

206 

397 

693 

5 

45 

2,997 

1,007 

647 

1,026 

382 

2,791 

166 

1,743 

7 

337 

37 

118 

3.146 

90 

830 

479 

1,342 

42 

65 

55 

1,228 

573 

1,176 

52 

157 

493 

990 

230 

327 

72 



Election Returns 



285 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1968, 
BY COUNTIES— Continued 



County 



COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 



Edwin S. 
Lanier (D) 



George A. 
Belk (D) 



Fred 
Benton (D) 



John B. 
Whitley (D) 



Carl W. 
Rice (R) 



Everett L. 
Peterson (R) 



McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 

Montgomery 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover. __ 
Northampton- -- 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes _ 

Surry __ 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell _. 

Union... 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Total 



1,719 

16,628 

290 

1,564 

3,156 

6,719 

7,572 

3,375 

4,092 

6,205 

950 

1,663 

1,925 

783 

3,006 

8,379 

680 

2,786 

3,003 

6,099 

4,747 

5,974 

3,107 

2,713 

1,579 

1,929 

1.373 

3,527 

448 

845 

358 

2,604 

5,634 

17,074 

2,217 

1,828 

1,099 

4,823 

2,267 

5,471 

710 

463 

337,331 



873 

6,326 

118 

498 

778 

661 

1,775 

543 

742 

678 

121 

712 

340 

194 

352 

1,239 

336 

726 

615 

1,830 

1 , 390 

2,849 

1,362 

539 

738 

885 

246 

770 

209 

325 

69 

1,263 

502 

2,489 

208 

233 

413 

735 

583 

544 

145 

102 

88,485 



544 

1,633 

53 

321 

590 

918 

2,049 
662 
807 
619 
140 
628 
506 
290 
820 

1,171 
168 
580 
734 

1,950 



,894 
,219 
696 
608 
348 
238 
575 
1,034 
158 
318 
101 
672 
790 
5,592 
1,122 
276 
159 
724 
439 
814 
249 
202 

76,479 



655 

5,422 

62 

295 

764 

1,426 

1,277 

1,154 

760 

1,722 

243 

620 

418 

189 

620 

1,962 

229 

524 

743 

1,905 

2,282 

2,231 

849 

590 

374 

1,423 

541 

1,119 

172 

267 

155 

903 

835 

1,159 

396 

400 

210 

1,255 

409 

1,822 

255 

146 



86,863 



437 

2,232 

517 

288 

779 

627 

1,053 

16 

206 

538 

53 

61 

45 

16 

151 

508 

194 

1,825 

70 

86 

646 

2,671 

387 

322 

24 

742 

442 

971 

65 

173 

3 

221 

128 

1,248 

12 

48 

488 

323 

1,882 

317 

947 

123 



49,775 



518 

6,126 

1,086 

535 

1,302 

772 

1,827 

11 

315 

677 

65 

104 

103 

18 

165 

735 

207 

2,818 

67 

76 

837 

3,444 

563 

2,346 

46 

1,385 

728 

1,359 

121 

298 

15 

282 

169 

2,178 

23 

64 

522 

583 

3,125 

476 

1,320 

209 



77,697 



286 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1968, 

BY COUNTIES 



County 



Alamance. . 
Alexander. _ 
Alleghany.. 

.Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick- - 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret.... 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland. _ 
Columbus. . 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck. . 

Dare 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham ... 
Granville ._ 

Greene 

Guilford-... 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson.. 
Hertford... 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 



COMMISSIONER 
OF LABOR 



Frank 

Crane 

(D) 



,642 

,0-15 

657 

,396 

,438 

317 

,909 

1S5 

469 

425 

,786 

694 

993 

551 

498 

,821 

,415 

,679 

265 

,041 

,094 

279 

267 

,501 

222 

,729 

690 

631 

,040 

,054 

,631 

, 656 

,849 

,326 

,791 

, 339 

691 

362 

,098 

,457 

,837 

,383 

,204 

,388 

,858 

,663 

,4.50 

729 

,984 

,802 

,047 

,023 

,317 

,515 

,414 

943 



John B. 

Warden, Jr. 

(D) 



JUDGE 
C^OURT OF APPEALS 



3,906 

490 

219 

1,328 

403 

156 

1,867 

1,095 

,628 

,786 

,891 

,375 

,955 

1,963 

237 

1,455 

817 

2,014 

1,491 

368 

787 

104 

3,127 

2,705 

2,049 

4,245 

488 

488 

2,518 

526 

1,516 

3,502 

2,284 

5,521 

2,863 

3,755 

486 

153 

1,130 

867 

9,186 

2,269 

1 , 835 

1,512 

877 

550 

985 

229 

2,581 

606 

1,384 

900 

1,081 

2,234 

1,201 

404 



Ravmond B. 

Mallard 

(D) 



10,198 
1,114 
673 
2,703 
1,495 
384 
3,426 
2,301 
4,875 
4,025 
9,871 
5,453 
6,810 
4,446 
576 
3,405 
1,709 
4,488 
2,818 
1,107 
1,325 
286 
7,108 
7,724 
4,819 

10,280 

929 

909 

6,484 

1 , 235 

4,278 

12,693 
6,013 

13,811 
4,630 
8,957 
946 
406 
3,207 
2,. 525 

16,735 
6,267 
4,640 
3,721 
2,000 
1,650 
1,859 
750 
6,254 
1,924 
4,915 
1 , 308 
2,932 
4,905 
2,780 
1,029 



Kidd 

Brewer 

(D) 



2,890 

533 

285 

1,117 

393 

120 

1,652 

1,079 

1,432 

835 

2,754 

1,804 

2,393 

1,399 

212 

1,119 

735 

1,370 

1,226 

297 

600 

111 

2,732 

1,105 

2,045 

3,279 

330 

366 

2,221 

399 

1,285 

4,214 

1,519 

6,276 

2,762 

2,799 

329 

74 

1,407 

927 

5,094 

2,529 

2, 180 

1,242 

530 

628 

1,664 

299 

1,772 

559 

2,238 

758 

916 

2,265 

1,053 

341 



JUDGE 
COURT OF APPEALS 



Naomi E 

Morris 

(D) 



6,560 

621 

347 
1,902 

845 

192 
1,993 
1,577 
2,647 
2,273 
7,712 
3,535 
4,641 
3,002 

581 
2,337 

982 
2,478 
1,486 

850 
1,220 

211 
4,375 
4,126 
2,792 
7,253 

723 

572 
3,772 

683 
2,072 
13,041 
4,280 
6,860 
2,804 
6,316 

562 

271 
1,768 
1,364 
9,391 
4,791 
2,994 
2,226 
1,187 

811 
1 , 639 

480 
3,438 
1,048 
3,011 

894 
2,047 
3,407 
1,806 

618 



Walter C 

Holton 

(D) 



5,895 

933 

508 

1,804 

921 

275 

2,915 

1,730 

3,512 

2,153 

5,029 

3,443 

4,356 

2,633 

243 

2,040 

1,278 

3,099 

2,206 

551 

882 

182 

4,960 

3,099 

3,692 

5,897 

590 

672 

4,872 

905 

3,204 

6,306 

3.042 

12,942 

4,034 

4,985 

674 

196 

2,337 

1,941 

8,921 

3,790 

3.274 

2,646 

927 

1,201 

1,795 

486 

4,131 

1,309 

3,330 

1,085 

1,0.35 

3,462 

1,842 

689 



Election Returns 



287 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1968, 
BY COUNTIES— Continued 





COMMISSIONER 
OF LABOR 


JUDGE 
COURT OF APPEALS 


JUDGE 
COURT OF APPEALS 


County 


Frank 

Crane 

(D) 


John B. 

Warden, Jr. 

(D) 


Raymond B. 

Mallard 

(D) 


Kidd 
Brewer 

(D) 


Naomi E. 

Morris 

(D) 


Walter C. 

Holton 

(D) 


Madison 


1,665 

2,565 

2,406 

15.325 

317 
1,963 
3,183 
7,076 
7,097 
3,523 
3,755 
4,8.39 

959 
2,041 
1,781 

944 
2,548 
6,929 

818 
2,823 
2,625 
7,221 
5,768 
7,772 
3,923 
2,817 
1,838 
2,949 
1,657 
4,312 

605 
1,102 

447 
4,114 
3,869 
19,351 
2.315 
1.787 
1.284 
4,635 
2,788 
5,845 

854 

746 


162 

1,771 

1,270 

10,542 

182 

572 

1,732 

2,104 

4,773 

1,743 

2,280 

3,223 

375 

1,217 

1,222 

546 

1,944 

4,502 

444 

1,079 

1,832 

4,080 

3,936 

4,015 

1.926 

1,409 

1,035 

1,165 

852 

2,107 

359 

599 

209 

1,315 

3,591 

4,103 

1,266 

830 

515 

2,246 

715 

2,240 

445 

234 


1,386 
2,872 
2,884 
20,497 
424 
2,108 
3,875 
7,375 
9.827 
3.804 
4.675 
6.217 
1.175 
2,560 
2,293 
1,136 
3,852 
8,969 

870 
2,991 
2,982 
9,165 
6,606 
8,827 
4,429 
3.259 
2,321 
3,271 
1,846 
4,904 

770 
1,310 

535 
3,891 
6,422 
16,424 
2,835 
2,036 
1,553 
5,777 
3,076 
6,810 
1,006 

851 


272 

1,711 

960 

7,530 

95 

575 

1,420 

2,166 

2,715 

1,684 

1,634 

3,127 

320 

895 

869 

437 

1,394 

3.468 

445 

1,202 

1,424 

2,582 

3,735 

3,284 

1,602 

1,160 

666 

1,065 

921 

1,790 

222 

443 

164 

1,542 

1,651 

8,470 

1,035 

723 

328 

1,418 

649 

1,764 

405 

149 


1,421 

2,605 

1,763 

14,352 

231 
1,330 
2,416 
5,508 
6,141 
2,552 
3,421 
3,912 

685 
2,444 
1.458 

950 
1.696 
6.911 

617 
1.839 
2.080 
5,769 
4.586 
4,891 
2.831 
1,755 
1,488 
2,114 
1,038 
3,222 

408 

736 

381 
1,967 
4,393 
13,160 
1,973 
1,356 

758 
4,278 
2,202 
7,180 

504 

609 


245 
1,863 


McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


1,855 

9,184 

256 


Montgomery 

Moore... 


1,215 
2,520 


Nash 


3,719 


New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow . 


5,546 
2,646 
2,820 


Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 


3.918 
757 

1.160 

1,541 
654 

2,616 


Pitt 


5,234 


Polk 


614 


Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 


2,038 
1,691 
5,596 
5,292 
6,882 


Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 


2,978 
2,454 
1,308 
2,095 


Stokes 


1,546 


Surry 


3,252 


Swain 


565 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 


966 
326 


Union 


2,978 


Vance 


3,139 


Wake 


7,560 


Warren 


1,755 


Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 


1.327 
1,056 
2.000 
1,423 
1,699 


Yadkin 

Yancey 


848 
389 






Total 


363,671 


180,099 


424,837 


152,604 


283,345 


260,385 



288 



North Carolina Manual 



TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTIONS 

1962-1966 



Democrats 



Edwin S. Lanier 
478,938 



Emery B. Denny 
477,513 



William B. Rodman, Jr. 
491,012 



Willium H. Bobbitt 
491,220 



1962 
Commissioner of Insurance 

Chief Justice Supreme Court 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 



Republicans 



Claude E. Billings, Jr. 
321,511 



Lewis P. Hamlin, Sr. 
320,429 



Susie Rtiarp 
494,169 


1964 


Irvin B. Tucker, Jr. 
311,575 


Lyndon B. Johnson 
800,139 


President 


Barry M. Goldwater 
624,844 


Dan K. Moore 
790,343 


Governor 


Robert L. Gavin 
606, 165 


Robert W. Scott 
815,994 


Lieutenant Governor 


Clifford Lee Bell 
526,727 


Thad Eure 
809,990 


Secretary of State 


Edwin E. Butler 
503,932 


Henry L. Bridges 

798,721 


Auditor 


Everett L. Peterson 
503,488 


Edwin Gill 
801,958 


Treasurer 


Charles J. Mitchell 
502,977 


Charles F. Carroll 
828,608 


Superintendent of Public Instruction 




Wade Bruton 
792,902 


Attorney General 


T. Worth Coltrane 
506,878 


James \. Graham 
803,373 


Commissioner of Agriculture 


Van S. Watson 
498,364 


Frank Crane 
824.693 


Commissioner of Labor 





Election Returns 289 

TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTIONS 

1962- 1966— Continued 

Democrats Republicans 

Commissioner of Insurance 

Edwin S. Lanier John C. Clifford 

804,459 50L349 

1966 

Chief Justice Supreme Court 
R. Hunt Parker 
514,655 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 
Susie Sharp 
524,659 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 

Carlisle W. Higgins 
500,049 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 
I. Beverly Lake 
514,227 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 

J. Will Pless, Jr. 
499,248 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 
Joseph Branch Hugh E. Montieth 

475,489 374,331 



290 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE FOR GOVERNOR IN PRIMARIES 
1944-1968 

1944 

R. C.reKK fherry 185,027 

Ralph iMoDonald 134,601 

011a Ray Boyd 2,069 

1948 

First Primary 

Charles Nf. Johnson _._ 170,141 

W. Kerr Scott lfil,29:? 

R. Mavne Albright 7fi, 28 1 

Oscar Barker 10, 87 1 

W. F. Stanley, Sr... 2,428 

Olla Ray Boyd 2,111 

Second Primary 

W. Kerr Scott. _. 217,620 

Charles M. Johnson .182,684 

1952 

William B. I'mstead 294,170 

Hubert K. Olive... 265,675 

Manlej- R . Dunaway . _ 4 , 660 

1956 

Luther H. Hodges 401,082 

TomSawver 29,248 

HarrvP. Stokelv.. 24,416 

C. E. Earle, Jr 11,908 

1960 
First Primary 

Terry Sanford 269,463 

L Beverly Lake 181,692 

Malcolm B. Seawell 101,148 

John U. Larkins, Jr 100, 757 

Second Primary 

Terry Sanford... 352,133 

L Beverly Lake 275,905 

1964 
First Primary 

L. Richardson Preyer. 281,430 

Dan K. Moore 257,872 

L Beverly Lake 217,172 

Kidd Brewer 8,026 

Bruce Burleson 2,445 

R. J. Stansburv 2,145 

Robert L. Gavin (R) 53,145 

Don Badgley (R) 2,018 

Charles W. Strong (R) 8,652 

Second Primary 

Dan K.Moore 480,431 

L. Richardson Preyer 293,863 

1968 

Robert W. Scott ....337,368 

J. Melville Broughton. Jr 233,924 

Reginald Hawkins 129,808 

James C. Gardner (R) 113,584 

John L.Stickley (R) 42,483 



Election Returns 



291 



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294 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS BY COUNTIES 
GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 5, 1968 



County 



Alamance.. 
Alexander.. 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe. . 

Burke 

Cabarrus... 
Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba... 
Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck.. 

Dare 

Davidson. .. 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Foysyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood.. . 
Henderson . 
Hertford.... 
Hoke.. 
Hyde... 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 



Attorney 


Commissioner 


Commissioner 


General 


of Agriculture 


of Labor 


Q 


.« 


Q 


£ 






.^ c 






'-'^. 


Q 


£ 


■S3 


VT3 

[So 


^c5 


-o c 






17,798 


12,624 


17,841 


12,733 


17,762 


12,405 


3,353 


4,615 


3,380 


4,597 


3,367 


4.601 


1,799 


1,622 


1,826 


1,616 


1,790 


1,623 


5,273 


1,603 


5,243 


1,631 


5,295 


1,597 


4,226 


4,784 


4,269 


4,771 


4,232 


4,774 


1,087 


3,075 


1.093 


3,079 


1,077 


3,065 


6,121 


3,421 


6,039 


3,540 


5,963 


3,464 


3,912 


854 


3,868 


912 


3,815 


867 


5,623 


1,856 


5,651 


1,867 


5,653 


1,926 


4,727 


3,178 


4,725 


3,171 


4,734 


3,134 


23,133 


20,029 


22,766 


20,231 


22,798 


20,148 


10,110 


11,192 


10,082 


11,208 


10,087 


11,164 


11,317 


12,784 


11,366 


12,739 


11,411 


12,705 


8,657 


10,698 


8,665 


10,709 


8,662 


10,708 


1,286 


363 


1,272 


362 


1,268 


365 


5,638 


5,131 


5,596 


5,146 


5,586 


5,128 


3,711 


1,220 


3,749 


1,224 


3,697 


1,211 


12,590 


18,574 


12,576 


18,584 


12,596 


18,525 


5,658 


4,085 


5,300 


4,035 


5,577 


4,087 


3,199 


3,671 


3,200 


3,665 


3,199 


3,664 


2,293 


781 


2,293 


776 


2,274 


769 


1,142 


1,335 


1,148 


1,329 


1,146 


1,329 


13,572 


6,963 


12,845 


7,295 


12,678 


7,533 


8,302 


3,659 


8,368 


3,723 


8,304 


3,593 


6,650 


3,913 


6,526 


3,998 


6,445 


3,945 


17,296 


9,708 


17,478 


9,403 


17,550 


9,210 


1,702 


390 


1,682 


401 


1,677 


393 


1,439 


760 


1,441 


748 


1,435 


755 


14,787 


19,119 


14,959 


18,961 


14,849 


19,018 


2,712 


4,635 


2,775 


4,624 


2,683 


4,652 


6,541 


3,924 


6,566 


3,866 


6,475 


3,911 


21,869 


12,054 


21,530 


12,279 


21,989 


11,558 


8,568 


3,806 


8,458 


3,906 


8,462 


3,808 


29,949 


32,261 


29,408 


32,487 


28,157 


33,738 


5,629 


2,551 


5,687 


2,600 


5,684 


2,464 


19,981 


18,585 


19,820 


18,650 


19,899 


18,569 


1,854 


397 


1,837 


403 


1,831 


399 


1,366 


1,556 


1,365 


1,555 


1,364 


1.556 


4,790 


2,086 


4,842 


2,079 


4,757 


2,029 


3,270 


1,087 


3,238 


1,173 


3,200 


1,113 


40,668 


32,900 


36,663 


32,815 


36,609 


35,344 


9,760 


4,024 


9,752 


4,085 


9,820 


3,958 


9,361 


5,332 


7,954 


5,976 


7,823 


6,016 


9,310 


5,556 


9,411 


5,567 


9,337 


5,530 


5,428 


9,211 


5,488 


9,213 


5,431 


9,190 


3,896 


802 


3,845 


819 


3,802 


815 


3,419 


777 


3,410 


790 


3,420 


760 


1,193 


525 


1,176 


546 


1,175 


537 


11,234 


11,313 


11,637 


10,973 


11,278 


11,037 


4,066 


3,425 


4,063 


3,233 


4,059 


3,432 


8,843 


8,161 


8,556 


8,400 


8,329 


8,281 


1,881 


923 


1,866 


924 


1.851 


906 



Commissioner 
of Insurance 




18,012 

3,339 

1,785 

5,256 

4,218 

1,084 

6,041 

3,889 

5,635 

4,755 

22,872 

10.061 

11,209 

8,599 

1,286 



595 

721 

685 

645 

274 

287 

1,144 

12,775 

8,445 

6,612 

17,819 

1,700 

1,440 

14,794 

2,715 



6,642 

23,563 
8,644 

29,101 
5,797 

19,816 
1,849 
1.357 
4.898 
3.206 

39.419 
9,845 
7,972 
9.171 
5,499 
3,820 
3,420 
1,179 

11,052 
4.040 
8,491 
1,861 



> v 



12,800 
4.461 
1,634 
1,668 
4,806 
3,073 
3,571 
880 
1,981 
3,167 

20,424 

11,258 

12.994 

10,796 

365 

5,118 

1,226 

18,606 

4,105 

3,688 

787 

1,332 

7,356 

3,763 

4,063 

9,216 

401 

771 

19,298 
4,702 
4,064 

11,172 
3,880 

33.755 
2.605 

19,004 

402 

1,570 

2,232 

1,194 

32,343 

4.018 

5.985 

5.737 

9,270 

849 

793 

547 

11,512 

3,256 

8,385 

968 



Election Returns 



295 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS BY COUNTIES 
GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 5, 1968— Continued 



County 



Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg- 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. . 

Pender 

Perquimans.. 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk-_- 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transvlvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 



Attorney 
General 



O) be 

(«2 



4 



7fi8 
527 
376 
282 
912 
■194 
206 
881 
274 
942 
164 
983 
971 
196 
988 
543 
890 
102 
418 
962 
448 
177 
533 
491 
509 
115 
167 
031 
340 
749 
138 
,531 
774 
682 
806 
,358 
815 
,658 
125 
767 
558 
964 
022 
825 
412 
,651 
817 
839 



798,160 






1,847 
5,198 
6,343 
3,024 
2,751 
1,482 
4,278 

42,115 
3,582 
3,394 
5,012 
6,166 
9,699 
983 
4,663 
5,665 
1,014 
1,343 
1,493 
560 
2,439 
5,221 
2,487 

14,497 
2,484 
3,288 
8,988 

15,668 
6,633 
7,489 
1,038 
9,880 
5,073 
9,165 
1,364 
3,902 
233 
4,682 
2,693 

21,816 

921 

1,371 

4,646 

6,251 

11,522 
5,367 
6,289 
2,455 



Commissioner 
of Agriculture 



< a 
4o 



616,372 



4,187 

8,414 

6,301 

3,276 

2,888 

5,256 

5,180 

51,341 

1,264 

3,923 

6,046 

10,058 

12,869 

6,071 

5,967 

10,837 

1,888 

4,062 

3,418 

1,976 

4,453 

13,244 

2,539 

9,330 

6,449 

14,229 

12,115 

15,970 

9,278 

7,554 

4,166 

7,500 

4,790 

8,762 

1,805 

4,362 

816 

7,637 

7,190 

34,213 

3,775 

2,884 

4,038 

9,284 

6,478 

8,804 

2,859 

2,839 



787,179 



hJ'^ 






1,947 
5,293 
6,318 
3,117 
2,760 
2,014 
4,295 
42,233 
3,601 
3,409 
5,057 
6,383 
9,754 
1,010 
4,714 
5,477 
1,020 



557 
505 
557 
2,467 
5,932 
2,480 
14,463 
2,476 
3,275 
8,950 
15,016 
6,614 
7,530 
1,059 



900 

.067 

110 

360 

891 

236 

4,700 

2,638 

23,227 

926 

1,367 

4,649 

6,575 

11,505 

5,542 

6,179 

2,460 



621,032 



Commissioner 
of Labor 



Q 



l^Cj 



4,086 
8,361 
6,272 
3,272 
2,890 
5,445 
5,214 

50,651 
1,271 
3,928 
5,987 
9,947 

12,906 
6,086 
5,953 

10,676 
1,871 
4,028 
3,399 
1,940 
4,479 

13,233 
2,539 
9,329 
6,441 

14,119 

12,285 

15,044 
8,964 
7,481 
4,138 
7,569 
4,766 
8,724 
1,805 
4,372 
813 
7,808 
7,197 

33,232 
3,744 
2,904 
4,004 
9,216 
6,388 
8,750 
2,818 
2,840 



781,547 






1,939 
5,214 
6,322 
3,028 
2,761 
1,484 
4,255 

42,707 
3,576 
3,390 
5,040 
6,186 
9,638 
982 
4,611 
5,485 
1,005 
1,343 
1,477 
565 
2,369 
5,635 
2,474 

14,428 
2,411 
3,212 
8,855 

15,660 
6,612 



528 

052 

847 

065 

.070 

1,361 

3,879 

229 

4,637 

2,551 

23,186 

869 

1,338 

4,666 

6,378 

11,185 

5,335 

6,303 

2,449 



620,901 



Commissioner 
of Insurance 



.^Q 



4'S 



4,358 
8,408 
6,266 
3,240 
2,884 
5,462 
5,195 

52,307 
1,259 
3,969 
6,097 

10,163 

12,989 
6,127 
6,014 

11,427 



1,868 
4,094 
3,428 
1,955 
4,604 
13,410 
2,526 
9,412 
6,565 
14,160 
12,352 
14,974 
9,171 
7,313 
4,151 
7,493 
4,751 
8,648 
1,795 
4,323 
813 
7,628 
7,350 
34,592 
3,817 
2,919 
4,028 
9,389 
6,384 
9,010 
2,830 
2,829 






1,981 
5,556 
6,378 
3,074 
2,768 
1,575 
4,307 

42,771 
3,618 
3,429 
5,067 
6,274 
9,946 
959 
4,769 
5,273 
1,038 
1,386 
1,547 
577 
2,368 
5,847 
2,493 

14,548 
2,620 
3,290 
9,022 

10,078 
6,680 
7,878 
1,096 
9,970 
5,116 
9,212 
1,373 
3,931 
236 
4,788 
2,595 

23,175 

855 

1,376 

4,660 

6,535 

11,571 
5,345 
6,330 
2,460 



794,081 



625,772 



296 



North Carolina Manual 



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Election Returns 



299 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY 
MAY 4, 1968, BY DISTRICTS 

FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


L. C. 
Nixon 


Walter B. 
Jones 


B. B. 

Felder 


Clarence Gene 
Leggett 




400 

1,349 

173 

136 

1,486 

202 

69 

158 

401 

230 

101 

871 

108 

142 

202 

368 

768 

47 

183 


4,984 
3,177 

794 
1,821 
6,054 
1,267 
1,472 
1,388 
2,228 

993 
1,511 
5,849 
4,151 
1,262 
3,275 
1,479 
11,671 

782 
2,196 


198 

82 

18 

235 

418 

35 

15 

46 

242 

12 

408 

179 

931 

235 

524 

23 

2,120 

69 

572 


306 


Bertie 


191 




78 


Chowan 


114 


Craven 


557 


Currituck.-. 


74 


Dare 


44 


Gates 


69 


Hertford . 


138 


Hyde -.. 


37 


Jones 


116 




389 


Martin 


201 


Pamlico 


133 


Pasquotank 


279 


Perquimans 


68 


Pitt 


535 


Tyrrell 


39 


Washington - 


117 






Total 


7,394 


56,354 


6,362 


3,485 







SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Mrs. Eva M. 
Clayton 


L. H. 

Fountain 


Edgecombe - 


2,985 
1,766 
1,176 
952 
2,181 
3,272 
2,700 
1,943 
2,925 
1,653 
1,866 


5,530 




5,597 


Granville -- - 


3,755 


Greene - - 


2,676 


Halifax --- - 


6,477 


Nash 


7,386 


Northampton . _ - ~ 


4,180 


Person 


3,834 


Vance - 


5,072 


Warren 


2,764 


Wilson 


6,688 






Total 


23,419 


53,959 







300 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY 
MAY 4, 1968, BY DISTRICTS— Continued 

THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Don 
Howell 


David N. 
Henderson 


S. A. 
Chalk, Jr. 


Carteret - 


203 
1,085 

787 
1,768 
733 
461 
481 
2,292 


4,035 
4,669 
5,624 
5,381 
5,265 
2,843 
4,008 
5,162 


1,108 


Duplin - 


260 


Harnett _ 


457 


Johnston 


395 


Onslow 


645 




200 


Sampson 


215 


Wayne 


323 






Total 


7,810 


36,987 


3,603 







FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Nick 
Galifianakis 


David W. 
Stith 


Charles R. 
HoUoman 


Chatham _ . _ _ 

Durham _ 

Orange. 


2,840 

13,440 

5,405 

3,767 

19,856 


679 
8,137 
3,160 

310 

4,548 


647 
2,828 
1,064 


Randolph 

Wake 


744 
5,649 






Total 


45,308 


16,834 


10,932 







FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Smith 
Bagley 


James G. 
White 


Alleghany.. .- .. 


882 
1,488 
6,074 
1,145 
15,954 
2,505 
3,557 
1,000 


549 


Ashe 


747 


Davidson 


2,589 


Davie . . .- 


631 


Forsyth 


9,166 


Stokes 


988 


Surry . 


3,543 


Yadkin. 


606 






Total .. . -- 


32,605 


18,819 







Election Returns 



301 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN REPUBLICAN PRIMARY 
MAY 4, 1968, BY DISTRICTS 

FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Fred 
Steele 


William P. 
Garrabrant 


Chatham. _._ .. 


865 
2,647 
1.238 
2,950 
2,726 


146 


Durham 


293 


Orange 


249 


Randolph. 


2 472 


Wake- 


1,453 






Total __ _ 


10,426 


4,613 



FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Eldon D. 
Nielson 


Wilmer 
Mizell 


Howard P. 
Duggins 


Alleghany 


80 
328 
508 
713 
2,508 
246 
955 
550 


166 
446 
4,705 
1,488 
3,218 
1.123 
1,328 
1.746 


18 


Ashe 


30 


Davidson 


157 


Davie . 


108 


Forsyth 


145 


Stokes . 


66 


Surry 


220 


Yadkin 


200 






Total 


5,888 


14,220 


944 







SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Walter G. 
Green 


William L. 
Osteen 


Alamance 


1.078 
103 

1,400 
621 


1,271 


Caswell 


48 


Guilford 


4,864 


Rockingham 


1,061 






Total 


3,202 


7,244 







302 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN REPUBLICAN PRIMARY 
MAY 4, 1968, BY DISTRICTS— Continued 

EIGHT CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Earl B. 
Ruth 


Bradford V. 
Ligon 


Pauline L. 
Frye 




62 

1,419 

131 

335 

899 

39 

3,747 

36 

1,445 

276 


69 
914 

32 
141 
287 

37 
1,974 

20 
350 

86 


27 




453 


Lee - 


150 




406 


Moore - . 


1,115 




55 


Rowan 


723 


Scotland 


18 


Stanly 


462 


Union 


156 






Total 


8,389 


3,910 


3,565 







ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


W. Scott 
Harvey 


Robert W. 
Daughtridge 




4,289 
608 
239 
502 
645 

2,250 
431 
293 
545 
804 

1,033 
289 
817 
127 
457 
254 


1,446 




235 


Clay 


31 


Graham 


84 


Haywood 


191 




277 




411 


Macon - 


123 


Madison 


167 


McDowell - - 


210 


Mitchell --- 


807 


Polk -- 


148 




213 


Swain . - 


69 


Transylvania 


114 


Yancey . . . . 


93 






Total 


13,583 


4,619 







Election Returns 



303 



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r- 




suBaa -a J 


■^ 


CO 


CM 


' — 


IC 


CO CO 


" oo" 


CO* 


t^ 


t^ 


CO 


t-" 

CO 






c 


o 


, , 


■^ 


CO 


CM oc 


CO 


OS 


CO 


t^ 


cr 


OO 




UBoqqnday 


c- 


o 




*" 


oc 


CO iC 


r- 

CM 


t- 


CM 






oo 

CO 




'^'jois a 1 




oo 


CM 






cm" ^ 








OC 


CO 


r-" 


o 


























CM 
























































»— ' 




»r: 


lO 


to 


c 


iC 


C5 >— 


lO 


iC 


OC 


oc 


r^ 


•rr 




lBJ30al3Q 


oc 




CM 


c: 
oc 


in 


lO a- 

oo CM 


CM 


CO 

o 


CM 




oc 


CO 

oo 




saBjQ a J 


- 


' o" 


CM 




CO 


' CM* CO 


cm" 


-^' 


CM 


t^ 


CM 


o" 






^ 


-r 


CO 


ut 


t- 


CM ^ 


lO 


-f 


»C 


CO 


, 


-r 




UEDiiqnday 




oo 
O 


CO 
CO 


oc 


CO 


oo CM 


r^ 


GO 




w^ 


CO 
t- 


CM 




sniBiiii,^ snaABjeq 




t^" 


CM 






^ CM 








t^ 


co 


r^ 


on 


























CM 
























































cH 




<M 


t>. 


,—1 


CO 


o 


»-i T 


CO 


o 


c 


o- 


oc 


— < 




lEjsomsQ 


OC 


CO 


CO 




CO 


CM 1^ 


T 


CM 




c 


CO 






CM 




CM 


»c 


uz 


CO CM 


o 


-r 


c^ 


-T 


.— 1 


Ol 




aueaa a J 


CO 


" aJ" 


CM 


" — 


CO 


CM* -^ 


lo" 


cm" 


-f 


CO 


CM 


co" 




oo 












>. 
















V 












L. 
















a 

o 
o 


g 

c 

< 


o 




c 


0^ 

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e 

o 

c c 
o c 


c 
o 
S 

S 


a 

o 
o 


c 
c 
'c 


a 

is 


c 
'Si 





Election Returns 



311 



'^ 




(U 




3 




C 








+-> 




fl 




o 




O 
1 




1 

o 




vO 




O- 




^H 




00 






r , 








rt 


r/1 


H 


CZ) 


C/J 


b3 


Q 


eJ 


iJ 





2; 


Z 


o 


O 




u 


w 




(« 


O 






o 






03 


Z 
Z 



td 



pes 
O 

H 
O 
> 







oo 


oa 


•^ 


on 


CO 


CM 


^_ 


CO 


05 


CO 




UBoqqnds^ 




oo 

CO 




CO 

CO 


CO 


CO 


o 


in CD 

Oi CO 


CO 

o 




ai^og S -M 


c^~ 


^■' 


'tj' 


^ 


Cft 


on 


CO 


Oi '^ 


t- 


o 










*"• 






*"• 






to 

05 














































CO 


-^ 


1^ 


Tf 


-^ 


rr> 


in 


CO in 


Ci 




}EJ30m3Q 


CO 


oo 

CO 


OO 


4C 


o 

CO 


(M 


o 
o 


'^i CD 


05 




japncxaiv "5 qann 


co" 


csT 


M' 


c^ 


c 


;:^ 


t^ 


Oi -^ 


in 






oo 


<r> 


on 


CO 


CI 


o 


CO 


in CO 


»n 




UBOijqnday 


oo 


CO 


s 


CO 


o 


I" 

(M 


CO 


CO o 


CD 
O 




3?!4AV ia«!II!M 


M 


^*' 


CO 


c^ 


'Tf 


O) 


CO 


CO CO 


Ci 


00 




















c^ 


OS 














































<M 


<M 




r^ 


o 


t-) 


r- 


i~H (t; 


«M 




5BJ30ni3(J 


CO 


o 




<T 


CM 

o 


CO 




CI in 


l>- 

CD 




aapmixaiv 'f) qSnjj 


CO 


(M 


■^ 


C 


cr 


to 


cr 


oo CO 


in 






-. 


(Ti 




ir 


lO 


O" 


or 


.-H ^ 


t^ 




UEOiiqndaa 


oo 


O 


eg 


oc 


o 


CO 
CO 


cs 


^ a- 


o 




"mw 'IM 'V 


CO 


f-T 


■n- 


or 


cr 


t-- 




00 -rr 


oo 


CO 






















C5 










































»— ' 






in 


cr 


cr 


rr 




or 


M oc 


^4 




IBJDOniaQ 


o 




DC 

cc 






oc 

m 


& 


-rr t^ 






japHExaiY '5 qanj{ 


CO 


r-. 


'Tf 


C^ 


" oc 


c: 


•n- 


oo CO 


00 

CD 






OS 


CD 


^ 


r-- 


(N 


c^ 


CT 


CO in 


in 




nBoijqndaa 


O 


CO 
CO 






cc 


CO 


cr 

a- 


in -rr 


in 




•jf 'suaAaig -g m/^ 


CQ 


I-H 


■^ 


t-- 


t-- 


cc 


CSC 


t^ cc 


OS 




^_, 




CO 




o 


in 


■n^ 


00 CD 


CO 




jEjoomaQ 


CO 


§ 


in 


CD 


m 


r- 


CD 
CO 


oo O 

00 CO 


o 




japuBxaiv t) q3"H 


CO 


iM 


■^ 


OC 


t-- 


t-- 


OS 


l>- CO 


in 






kO 


"^ 


»r 


»c 


fT- 


r— 


m 


CD CO 


(M 




UEOijqnday 


o 

CO 




CO 




<M 


'* 




r^ ^ 


CO 




uosuqof -(J jaj|E \^ 


CO 


^* 


-rr 


r- 


or 


c- 


■^ 


00 '^ 


■rr 


(M 






















W3 
OS 
















































■^ 


r- 


cr 


<- 


ir 




00 cr 


TJ« 




}Ejaoni3(j 


o 






CO 


r-- 




Ci_ 


c^j cc 

CO o- 


S 




japuBxaiv -5 qSnn 


CO 


<N 


^ 


c^ 


oc 


c 


■^ 


00 CO 


OO 

CO 






iCi 


^_, 


CO 


cr 


c^ 


r- 


or 


CO 00 


<M 




UBoqqndaa 


CD 


CO 


o 


^ 


CO 


Ci- 

<M 


cr 


CO -ff 

in CO 


CT) 


O 
in 

OS 


lEag T 3}B^ 


« 




TT 


<N 


-^i 




CO 


in CO 


(M 






on 


"^ 




ir 


h- 


a- 


oo ^ 


CO 




}BJ3oraaQ 


o 

CO 


o 


oc 


CD 


CO 


'^ 


CD 
CO 


in m 






uojqSnoQ -q tJaqoy 


co" 


CQ 


-r 


t^ 


iC 


CC 


t^ 


CD CO 








^ 


r^ 


ro 


-^ 


rrs 


m 


in 


I-- OO 


OO 




UBSiiqnday 


CO 


CO 


(M 


O 
C 


in 


00 


o 


en ^ 
cc t- 


o 


00 
OS 


auasjr, y apXio 


(M 


^ 


'* 


'^ 


■^ 


CO 


in 


in CO 


in 

CO 




C^ 


CD 


CO 


cr- 


iC 




CiT 


CO CO 


CO 




tBjaooiaQ 


CO 


r-- 




co 


M* 




OC 


t^ t- 


in 




uo^qSnoQ 'j Jjaqoy 


<n" 


(m" 


w: 


oc 


CO 


t^ 


cr 


in CO 


lO 




■1 

B 
1 


a 

K 
< 


-a 

< 


c 

< 


2 


=5 
1 


-a 

2: 




> 

c 


a 

1 


1 

01 



31^ 



North Carolina Manual 



'V 




QJ 




3 




C 








4-> 




C 




o 




U 




o 




sO 




o^ 




^N 




00 




Tj< 


H 


o^ 


r ' 


1>H 






« 


y5 




u 


Q 




-a 


Z 


o 


o 




u 




b 


o 


o 


o 




o 


c« 


m 


os; 


H 






S 




a 




S 




Di 




o 




b 




b 




H 




O 




?> 









CO 


«-H 


-^ 


OS 


»/:) 


CO 


oo 






nttojiqndajj 


CO Ci t^ ^H O GO 
0> CO Tp O -^ CO 


CO 




SBUOf jadcy^ sajjcq^ 


CO <m" oT CD* oT Tji" 


1— 


o 




»— t •-« -^ 


av 












CO CO t~ <M lO lO 


,^ 


■"^ 


1BJ30U13Q 


»0 0:> O CO CT. I^ 

-^ <M ^ r- ^ c^ 


CO 

1^ 




JJJBIO plABQ 


i-T o CO co" co' ^^ 


CO 






^ --1 CO 


CD 






C5 oo GO O »0 oo 


t^ 




nB3i]qnd8y 


O "^ t-- 'T' -r f 
O oo Ci ■^ c^) o:> 


oo 




SBUOf JOdEy M|JBH3 


CO r-" <m' lo" -r c<i" 


co" 


oo 




.-H (M 


»o 


»/:i 

o 










oo oi lO CO o oo 


CO 


*"* 


^BJDOraaQ 


CO I- GO GO -^ TP 

O r^ CO uo CO OO 


o 

CO 




IJ^IO PIABQ 


^ cT ^ co" c^r 


(m" 






^ <M 


»o 






O oo -^ Ci CO CO 


CO 




UBDjiqnday 


<M lO oo O GO en 
I* O CO 00 CO O 


'^ 
r- 




SBUOf jadey sajj^qj 


CO '— " OO CO lO -^ 


oT 


CO 




.— ( — 1 rp 


00 


05 










t- oo oo '^ -T* -^ 


o 


*"* 


^BJDOnjSQ 


-r -r oo CO -r oo 
.— 1 CO •— ' t^ »o »— < 






SBiSnOQ -a nag 


r-T go" C^" <r -^" ^' 


CO 






^ <M 


^ 






CO lO i-H c^) -^ r-- 


(M 




DBOiiqnday 


—■ i-< r^ oo <M oo 

kO <M GO lO 00 TT 






SBUOf jadB'y sa[JBq J 


(m" t^" ^ lo" ^^ c^ 


^'■ 


■-r 




^ <M 


lo 












CTi O OO CO ^ t^ 


o 


*"• 


^BJOotnaQ 


^ cc c:. '^ cri CO 

O C4 O "^ C^ CO 


oo 

o 




Xjjaqpag -q -f 


^~ t^ O ^O CO 


00 






•"■ •"• 


CO 






OO ■* CO CO lO 1- 


oo 




uBoiiqnday 


CO O CO C^ t" 00 
lO Tf lO C^ 00 t- 






SBUOf jadsy 'sa|jBi{ j 


CO O iC CD »M CO 


w 


c^ 




l~-> w^ -rj* 


00 


05 










o »o CO c^ oo oo 


OS 


'^ 


^BJDoraaQ 


»-< <>J O CO C?^ -rf 
O CO UO CO (M CO 


-^ 




sanof -Q uojjiniBjj 


-H* oo C^ »0 cV 1-H 


^■■ 






^ CO 


CO 






CO t-^ CO CO -^ lO 


,_) 




nBoijqnday 


05 I-- CO CO <M C^ 
T-i rJH t^ t^ (M (M 


UO 


o 

05 


sj33oy Q sino'j 


C<r »0 OO CO OO C^ 


o 

CO 




rM -^ O uo -f O 


,-H 


'"' 


IBJOomaQ 


t^ o (M r- ^^ O 

t^ CO oo CO t^ 1— 1 


OS 




sauof '3 uo}[iaiBjj 


tV oo" '^* O* ^ 


CO 
CO 






t^ ^ »n ir^ CO -rr 


1 '^ 




aAissaiSojj 


C4 TT -^ 






pBT qdiBy 








C^ CO Oi CO "^ O 


,-■ 


QO 


uBoiiqnday 


-H CO »0 oo Tf Ci 
C-i oo Ir^ iC O 00 


CO 


OS 


uomJBjj 'v Xoy 


co" »0 oo' CO go" (N 






-t" CO CO t- (M i-H 


CO 




IBjDoraaQ 


Cji Cfi O CO >— t t^ 

t- CO o lO CO en 


o 




Bauof Q uo}a[iniBjj 


t-*" <-«" ■*" s^ 


oo 






1-1 c^ 


^r 




m 




















.2 




















i3 


















o 
O 






c5 




3 










-p a Gj "S 


o 






> 

> 
-«1 


1 1 


"a 


c 

c 


CJ 

2 




H 





Election Returns 



313 



•a 
a; 

G 

O 



9> 



00 



(/3 
i/3 



o 
5 

CO 



u 


J 


OeS 


< 

5^ 





O 


Z 


CO 

CO 


O 


H 


U 






"7-, 


U< 


o 


O 


u 




K 


C/3 


H 


0^ 


z 


d^ 


> 


n 


w 


S 




u 




S 




p< 




o 




b 




(4 




H 




O 




> 





o 

05 


uoxiQ XiPH 


QC 


o 




oc 


cc 


00 
" CO 


c 
cc 


cc 
cc 




IBJooraaQ 




cc oc 
-'f oc 

" WD ^ 


OO r- 
t— >— 

OO c: 

wj" cc 




cc 
cc 


OO 

 lo- 
co 


00 


?EJ00ra3Q 


cc 


CD OC 

" o" -^ 


CD g: 

W3 CC 


OC 


cc 
cc 


CD 
OS 

cc 


CO 

as 


IBJOotnaQ 






O CC 

CD r» 
t^ oc 

»0 CN 


cc 

cr 


cc 


os" 




nBai;qn(lay 


oc 

oc 


OO -^ 
OS cc 

<M CC 


<M C^ 

OO f 

^ oc 

CO y~ 


cc 






1BJ30UI3Q 


oc 


OO y- 

oo cr 
1— I •*»• 


o a 

OO — 
O cc 


O 

w: 

" cc 


c^- 
cc 


CO 

CO 

CD* 
cc 


en 


uBoiiqnday 


cc 


■^ oc 

CD I- 
^ cc 

' CO c^ 


OS oc 


oc 


c 
o 


»o 

CD* 

cc 


IBJDOraaQ 
SDUOf -^Yi Aiojpoo^^^ 




^ cc 
CO iC 


OS cs 

00 y- 
" CO c** 


OC 


a- 
oc 

cc 

cc 


o 

lO 

CO 


O 

as 


UBji|qnday 


cc 
c: 


^ cc 
CO cs 
(M CC 

csT cc 


CO cc 
cc "* 
^H cc 


oc 




CO 
OS 


}EJ30raaQ 
sauof -^ .ttOjpoOj\^ 


C: 


1-* c^ 


CO cc 
cc cr 
CD r^ 


OC 

cc 

cc 


cc 


CO 


oo 

OS 


nsaiiqndajj 




OO cc 

CD cc 

" CO* CM 


00 c^ 
cc (N 

(M ir 

CO •- 




cc 


CD 


jBJOoniaQ 


cc 


O CC 
^ CC 


o w: 

CO 'rf 


a- 
cc 


cc 


OS 

§ 

o' 


-- 


*•*» 


t: 

c 

> 

5 


1 

c 


1 
2 


1 

o 
Q 


1 




> 

c 


6f 

3 





314 



North Carolina Manual 



<V 

3 

a 
•I— t 

a 
o 

O 



9- 



oc 



O 

o 
u 

b 
O 

03 

Pi 
O 
b 

H 
O 

> 



O 

5 



o 

t— I 
CO 

en 
W 

O 

z 
o 
a 

E- 

E- 





1 


o 


CM 


CO 


CO 


CO o 


o 


CO 


to 


CO 


oo 




aEoi|(ind3>i 




lO 




cr> OO 




on 


o> 


to 


CD 




o* 


05 


W3 to 


05 O 


-^ 


CM 


«^ 


■^ 


CO 




UEoiiioy ZUIDJ^ 


^ 


CO 


^" ^* 


CO 05 


CO 


CO 


T-T 


CO 


CO 


o 




oi 
















to 












































.—( 




on 


»o 


CD CO 


lO o 


CO 


r- 


,— t 


CM 


o 




lEJootnaQ 


CO 


CO 


^ CD 
-^ lO 


-t* o 
^ o 


CO 


iC 


CO 


s 


1^ 




jo[Xbx V 'fOH 




CO 


^^ ^' 


Oi co" 


-^ 


CO 


CM 


** 


s 






1 




t^ o 


CM »0 


iC 


c^ 


r- 


CM 


"T 




uEOiiqnday 






CM d 


GO O 


CO 
GO 


CO 
00 


Oi 
CM 


O 


CM 

to 


oo 

OS 


suiBg piojBH -^Vl 


OS 


cc 


— — 


CM ^ 


^ 


'^ 


^ 


CM 


CO 




^o 


•-r 


CM OO 


OO iC 


r- 


, 


-T* 


to 


OS 




}BjaomoQ 


CO 


Oi 


CO CM 


CD CO 
-^ CO 


Oi 


ff 


CO 


CM 


CD 




II'^H W P'-^i-'a 


OJ 


CO 


— -^ 


r^ iO 


-^f 


CO 


CM 


CO 


CM 

to 






lO 


i-M 


-r CO 


CO tiO 


in 


CO 


o 


to 


o 




uBoi[qnday 


o 


CC' 
T 


CO CO 


O Oi 

in OO 


T 

o 


lO 
GO 


CD 


CM 


r- 




•Jf 'ailJBij J pJBqoiH 


o 


CO 


^ .— < 


iO r- 


CO 


CM 


^ 


CO 


CD 


CO 




'— ' 


















CD 










































^H 




fr» 


o 


CM ^ 


as ai 


r^ 


r- 


or 


^H 


t^ 




1BJD0HI3Q 


o 


CO 

o 


CO »0 


t- CD 

r- CM 


CM 




O 


oo 

o 


CM 

OS 




pjojnqg "v aajoao 


CM 


CO 


— — 


oo to 


■"r 


CO 


CM 


T" 


lO 

to 






r- 


CO 


o o 


O Oi 


o 


_ 


O 


OS 


_ 




UEoi|qnd3H 


o 




CO oo 
CO cc 


CD O 


Crs 


CO 


to 


CO 


CD 




oi^qSuiuunj saiJ?;qj 


TP 


CO 


— -^ 


^ to 


CM 


CM 


^ 


C^ 


CM 




Ol 


lO 


Oi r^ 


00 CM 


on 


o 


CD 


-r 


oo 




;BJOOU13Q 


CM 


CM 


O CO 


^ oo 


CO 


CO 


t^ 


CO 
CO 


CM 




pjojnq^ Y 33J08Q 


^T 


co' 


^ -. 


ic --r 


■^ 


CO 


CM 


CO 








CO 


r^ 


-^ lO 


r^ r^ 


a^ 


OS 




, 


CM 




aBDijqnday 


lo 


oo 
oo 


a> oo 

CO CM 


oo *-■ 

^ CM 


lO 

lO 


o 


TJ- 


a 


r- 




q^aquoj^ qSnH 


00 


CM 


^ ^ 


lO t^ 


CO 


CO 




CO 


r- 


iM 




»-H 




























































^^ 








t- ^ 


05 CO 


Oi 


-^ 




-^ 


to 




^BJOOUiaQ 


CM 

00 


OO 


-^ CO 


1- o 

CM CM 


CO 


CO 


00 

o 


CO 
OS 


o 




pjojnqg .y oSjoaQ 


CM 


CO 


^ ^ 


o^ »o 


TT 


CO 


CM 


CO 


CO 
CD 






CO 


en 


-r oo 


oo -^ 


CD 


CO 


Oi 


o 


O 




UEoiiqnday 


r- 


CO 


O oc 

CM CO 


r^ oo 
lO »o 


CO 


■^ 


CM 


CO 


t^ 




jau3E\i -y uqof 






^ ^ 


■— " -n* 


c^ 


CM 




CM 


CO 


o 






















to 










































^-" 




on 


CO 


-r r^ 


oo CM 


cr 


iC 


cr 


CM 


^H 




JBJOOUiaQ 


CD 


OS 


lO CO 


o o 


CO 


oc 


C 


OO 


GO 




uappa^j -pY aojuo;^ 


»c 


CO 


^ — 


lO »o 


-^ 


CO 


CM 


CO 


CD 






CM 


-f 


OO r- 


o ^ 


CO 


, 


o- 


oo 


CD 




oBOiiqnda^j 


CO 


OS 


2 S 


CO '^ 
»0 CO 


CM 


^ 


C^ 


to 


'TJ- 




jaipuBj -,^1 -,vi 


e-> 


c^ 


f— « .— 


CM '^ 


CM 


CM 


<— ( 


CM 


O 


CO 






















■^ 

o 










































^H 




rM 


o 


f 1— 1 


CO oo 


a- 


c 


M* 


to 


CO 




lejoouiaQ 


CO 

o 


CO 

o 


r- CM 

CO cc 


r^ oo 

Oi O 


CM 

CO 


c 


OC 

c 




o 




uappajj i-^i aojuo;^ 


g 


CO 


— -- 


r^ 40 


•^ 


cc 


CM 


CO 


CM 

to 




•5 


oJ 








' c 








.2 


CO 






XJ 


O) 






-o o 








cS 




o 


i-g 

moo 


a 

c 




c 
c 
tn 

■-3 




c 

03 


5? 

a 


e2 



Election Returns 



315 



VOTE FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 1962-1964 

FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 


Counties 


Ui 

a 
§ 

-ei 


a 
□ 
o 

m 

-el 


S 

eS a 

OS 


Beaufort - 


2,052 

1,264 
357 
736 
637 

1,483 
430 

1,123 
450 

1,703 

1,972 
461 

4,010 
457 
763 


6,794 
3,519 
1,037 
1,988 
1,810 
1,743 
1,772 
4,258 
1,226 
5,254 
5,321 
1,879 
12,666 
1,085 
2,215 


2,374 


Bertie 


531 


Camden ._. 


154 


Chowan. _ 


362 


Currituck .. 


281 




482 


Gates 


216 


Hertford _.- 


424 


Hyde _.-_ -- 


295 


Martin _. 


715 


Pasquotank _ 


1,127 


Perquimans 


392 


Pitt .- __- 


2,844 


Tyrrell. . .. . 


205 


Washington . 


706 






Total 


17,898 


52,567 


11,108 







SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 



1962 



o ^ 
. o 

X a 



1964 



o ™ 

. o 

33 S 



Edgecombe.-. 

Franklin 

Greene 

Halifax 

Lenoir 

Northampton. 

Vance.. 

Warren 

Wilson 

Total 



2,413 
1,672 
1,004 
2,966 
3,894 
2,036 
3,720 
1,139 
2,206 



21,050 



8,441 
5,015 
2,988 
11,293 
10,131 
5,489 
6,531 
3,847 
8,671 



62,406 



316 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 1962-1964— Continued 

THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 


Counties 


a 
§ 

a 

X 

. -^ 

^ 2 


a 
g 

I- 

o 

a 

. ** 

^;2 
■^^ 
> a 

QQ 


o 

o 

Pi 


Carteret. _ . . . 


5,842 
3,260 
3,896 
3,864 
971 
3,213 
1,572 
1,524 
5,889 
4,025 


6,257 
8,521 
7,855 
8,220 
2,287 
6,553 
1,838 
3,329 
8,278 
10,097 


3,608 


Craven.-. 


2,814 


Duplin 


2,561 


Harnett... 


4,386 


Jones . 


449 


Onslow. 


2,532 


Pamlico 


755 


Pender.. .. 


1,309 


Sampson ... ... 


7,056 


Wayne. 


5,087 






Total 


34,056 


63,235 


30,557 







FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 




>> 




?? 




Counties 


"o 


"E 


o 






o 




o 






O 


^a 


O 


C a 




Q-S 


w2 


Qa 


0:S 




2S 

is 


^'4 

o c 


2a 


8 o- 






a, Qj 








KQ 


crt 


KQ 


-?tf 


Chatham 


3,527 
12,673 

5,881 
2,805 
7,339 


1,945 
11,057 

2,316 

564 

10,398 


4,959 
13,496 

8,950 
10,847 

9,442 


4,123 


Davidson 


16,090 


Johnston 


6,989 


Nash 


4,471 


Randolph 


14,550 


Wak*". 


13,024 


6,313 


25,776 


22,164 






Total . . 


45,249 


32,593 


73,470 


68,387 







Election Returns 



317 



VOTE FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 1962-1964— Continued 

FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 










T3 


Counties 


o 


m 


o 


4) 
tc3 




CC.U 


.&§ 


CC^ 






. C3 


a u 


. <« 


>r a 




"^ it 


r/:i'^ 


'-' h 


<:s 




J= o 


.XI 


^ o 


. J3 




aa 


sg, 


^a 


<E. 




a 1^ 


. 0^ 


d 1) 


•-J ^ 




(SQ 


<ai 


rtQ 


&« 


Caswell - -- - --- 


1,440 


361 


2,908 


985 


Forsyth _ . - - . 


14,945 


9,519 


26,043 


30,525 


Granville . , 


1,733 
1,016 
8,165 


253 

184 

3,536 


5,314 

4,976 

10,871 


1,138 


Person 


1,331 


Rockingham _ . . 


8,744 


Stokes ... . 


4,460 
7,099 


3,324 
5,157 


4,962 
8,914 


4,601 


Surry . .. 


8,592 


Wilkes 


8,151 


10,093 


8,266 


11,865 






Total 


47,009 


32,427 


72,254 


67,781 







SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 




>. 


a 
o 


>> 






rt 


a 


rt 






w 




bc 
















a 


o 


a 






s 


Oh 


fe 


u 


Counties 


us 

pi a 


— cj 

■3.2 




d.2 




tv o 


fc~ 


s " 






2 a 




" o 

s a 








J2 a? 


o o 


•5 ^ 




KQ 


cart 


WQ 


^rt 


Alamance 


9,801 

9,697 

19,835 

3,688 


5,470 

3,341 

17,932 

2,084 


16,643 

20,927 

37,292 

9,289 


12,436 


Durham 


9,605 


Guilford 


26,415 


Orange ... 


4,508 






Total 


43,021 


28,827 


84,151 


52,964 







318 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 1962-1964— Continued 

SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 


Counties 


p 
o 

c 

5 S 


►-5 
CS 

a ^ 


a 
o 

c 

o a 
— <^ 


Bladen 


2,238 
3,699 
5,953 
6,055 
1,156 
9,008 
3,844 
1,220 


317 
2,319 
1,186 
2,170 

106 
3,328 

313 

156 


4,812 


Brunswick _ ._ 


4,440 




9,895 




16,247 


Hoke 


2,523 


New Hano\'er -. 


14,217 




15,010 




4,213 






Total 


33,173 


9,895 


71,357 







EIGHTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 










S 






c 








_C 


O 




o 










^ 


Counties 


S-s 




a^ 










"-i t- 


m  — 




a. a 


rt D. 


Q'i 






. I* 


.C 1' 


.^' ^ 






<Q 


co; 


g:Q 


ooi 


Anson 


3,812 
2,594 
5,949 
19,040 
3,527 
4,481 
5,806 
5,717 


1,434 
1,599 
7,307 
40,874 
3,186 
4,403 
2,672 
3,228 


3,740 
2,955 
6,190 
36,029 
3,621 
5,523 
7,467 
6,744 


1,850 


Lee 


2,758 


Lincoln . . . 


6,956 


Mecklenburg -. 


57,062 


Montgomery 


3,557 


Moore - ._ . 


5,636 


Richmond .. 


3,702 


Union. ., 


4,348 






Total 


50,926 


64,703 


72,269 


85,869 







Election Returns 



319 



VOTE FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 1962-1964— Continued 

NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 


Counties 


c 
a 

X 


.James T. Broyhill 
Republican 


Robert M. Davis 
Democrat 


a ^ 

•-5 OS 


.Alexander ... .. .. 


3,583 
2,329 
4,842 

10,359 
8,854 
2,589 
7,991 

11,227 
7,831 
3,465 
3,262 


3,914 
1,714 
4,. 357 
9,339 
8,338 
3, 944 
7,640 
10,144 
9,115 
4,082 
5,021 


3,496 

2,277 

4,610 

10,590 

9,188 

2,817 

10,664 

13,769 

7,116 

3,674 

3,428 


4,045 


.\lleghany 


1,672 


.Ashe . .. . 


4,637 


Cabarrus 


14,000 


Caldwell 


10,441 


Davie 


4,664 


Iredell...- 


13,135 


Rowan ... . . . . 


15,793 


Stanly... . 


9,524 


Watauga . . .. .. . . . . . . 


4,308 


Yadkin. 


5,976 






Total 


66,332 


67,608 


71,629 


88,195 



TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 






















Counties 


1 


1- 

c3 


a 


B 
3 




J3 




<^^ 






^ S 




-' 8 


rtS 




^a 


^n. 


nsa 


Kg. 














mO 


ort 


KQ 


&:« 


Avery 


1,440 

9,487 


2,993 

8,796 

12,713 

2,573 


1,367 
12,278 


2,726 


Burke 


10,050 


Catawba 


10,497 
6,557 


16,575 
12,897 


15,431 


Cleveland 


5,152 


Gaston 


15,497 
1,524 
7,639 


8,845 
2,607 
4,381 


23,264 

1,664 

10,639 


13,188 


Mitchell 


3,119 


Rutherford . . 


5,817 






Total 


52,641 


42,908 


78,684 


55, 483 







3120 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS 1962-1964— Continued 

ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





1962 


1964 


Counties 


Hi 

<s 

O a; 

Ci5Q 


o c 

pa o 


o 

^% 

>.a 

O O/ 


"o 
« c 

—' a.- 


Buncombe - - 


20,592 
3,732 
1,546 
1,721 
7,945 
5,762 
4,384 
3,580 
4,981 
4,499 
2,711 
2,074 
3,571 
3,693 


16,639 
3,870 
1,403 
1,439 
4,949 
6,520 
3,396 
2,843 
3,180 
3,331 
2,456 
1,505 
3,105 
2,786 


28,134 
3,908 
1,456 
1,780 

10,729 
7,067 
5,126 
4,084 
3,325 
6,324 
3,045 
2,369 
4,894 
3,639 


16,443 




3,065 


Clay - 


1,281 


Graham - 


1,387 


Havwood -- 


4,743 




7,085 




2,896 


Macon 


2,536 


Madison -. 


3,775 


McDowell - -- 


3,782 


Polk 


2,401 




1,400 


Transylvania - -- 


3,190 


Yancey - 


2,012 






Total 


70,791 


57,422 


85,880 


55,996 







Election Returns 



321 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN GENERAL ELECTION, 
NOVEMBER 8, 1966, BY DISTRICTS 



FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Camden 

Chowan 

Craven 

Currituck 

Dare 

Gates 

Hertford 

Hyde 

Jones 

Martin 

Northampton. 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank., 
Perquimans.. 

Pitt 

Tyrrell 

Washington. . 

Total 



Walter B. 


John P. 


Jones (D) 


East (R) 


4,547 


3,564 


2,473 


1,650 


697 


403 


1,339 


601 


4,331 


4,203 


933 


445 


1,345 


565 


820 


438 


2,299 


966 


896 


565 


894 


806 


3,207 


1,585 


2,764 


1,199 


1,186 


845 


2,552 


1,900 


1,812 


1,456 


8,976 


4,527 


685 


301 


1,783 


1,415 



43,539 



27,434 



SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


L. H. 

Fountain (D) 


Reece B. 
Gardner (R) 


Edgecombe. 


6,616 
2,693 
2,032 
1,404 
5,243 
5,020 
4,087 
2,694 
2,030 
5,030 


1,828 


Franklin. __ __ 


820 


Granville 


750 


Greene _ _ 


769 


Halifax.. 


1,600 


Johnston... 


5,439 


Lenoir. __ _ 


3,621 


Vance . 


1,488 


Warren ___ 


655 


Wilson. 


2,918 






Total ._ 


36,849 


19,888 



THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


David N. 
Henderson (D) 


Carteret _ 


5,117 


Duplin __ _ . 


3,780 


Harnett 


4,538 


Lee . 


2,254 


Onslow. 


5,366 


Pender.. 


1,784 


Sampson 


6,260 


Wayne _ 


4,710 






Total 


33,809 



322 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN GENERAL ELECTION, 
NOVEMBER 8, 1966, BY DISTRICTS— Continued 



FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




County 


Harold D. 
Cooley (D) 


James C. 
Gardner (R) 


Chatham - 


3,334 
3,185 
3,514 
6,860 
4,817 
6,509 
18,454 


3,981 


Montgomery _. 


3,471 


Moore - _ - - - 


5,247 


Nash -- 


5,425 


Orangf - - 


5,664 


Randolph . 


12,623 


Wake 


24,275 






Total 


46,673 


60,686 







FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Nick 
Galifianakis 


(D) 


G. Fred 
Steele, Jr. (R) 


Caswell 


1,145 
15,058 
16,385 
1,978 
6,855 
4,614 


743 


Durham . - 


9,233 




19,830 




1,841 


Rockingham . . . 


4,565 


Stokes - 


4,517 






Total - 


46,035 


40,729 







SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Horace R. 
Kornegay (D) 


Richard B. 
Barnwell (R) 




8,205 
11,720 
22,752 


8,368 


Davidson 


12,991 


Guilford 


18,641 






Total 


42,677 


40,000 









SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




County 


Alton 
Lennon (D) 


Bladen _ -- 


3,622 


Brunswick 


3,903 


Columbus 


4,672 


Cumberland 


10,054 


Hoke 


1,281 


New Hanover - 


11,518 


Robeson 


3,433 


Scotland 


2,029 








Total 


40,512 







Election Returns 



323 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN GENERAL ELECTON, 
NOVEMBER 8, 1966, BY DISTRICTS—Continued 



EIGHTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


John G. 
Plumides (D) 


Charles Raper 
Jonas (R) 


Anson -- 


1,330 
4,981 
11,972 
1,687 
2,495 


1,634 




7,033 


Mecklenburg 


40,781 


Richmond - 


3,290 




3,644 






Total 


22,465 


56,382 







NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Robert 
Bingham (D) 


James T 
Broyhill (R) 


Alleehanv 


1,543 
3,581 
6,850 
5,834 
1,886 
5,600 
5,345 
5,505 
3,162 
5,624 
1,952 


1,580 


Ashe 


4,447 


Cabarrus 


12,251 


Caldwell 


8,418 


Davie 


4,164 


Rowan .. . 


15,345 


Stanly 


8,417 


Surry - 


7,397 


Watauga 


4,028 


Wilkes 


10,163 


Yadkin _ 


4,779 






Total . . - 


46,882 


80,989 







TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Basil L. 
Whitener (D) 


W. Hall 
Young (R) 


Alexander.. . 


3,792 

996 

10,034 

11,565 

6,089 
13,023 

6,618 


3,577 


Avery 


2,094 


Burke 


8,528 


Catawba 


10,731 


Cleveland . 


2,296 


Gaston. : 


7,697 


Iredell 


5,818 






Total 


52,117 


40.741 







324 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN GENERAL ELECTION, 
NOVEMBER 8, 1966, BY DISTRICTS— Continued 

ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Roy A. 

Taylor (D) 


W. Scott 
Ha-vey (R) 


Buncombe . 


20,099 
3,463 
1,333 
1,680 
6,805 
5,727 
3,972 
5,303 
3,209 
3,287 
1,257 
2,482 
5,290 
2,012 
3,943 
2,993 


24 066 


Cherokee _ _ 


3,033 
1,452 


Clav 


(Jrahara 


1 465 


Haywood .__ 


2 989 


Henderson 


5,931 
2,706 


Jackson _ 


McDowen.._. 


3 597 


Macon 


2 094 


Madison 


2,942 
2,678 
1 986 


Mitchell 


Polk 


Rutherford... 


3,370 


Swain... 


1,156 


Transyhania 


3,176 


Yancey 


2 546 






Total.... 


72,855 


65,187 







Election Returns 



325 



1968 NORTH CAROLINA GENERAL ELECTION 
VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN 



FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Walter B. 

Jones (D) 


Reece B. 
Gardner (R) 


Beaufort 


6,270 
4,315 
1,404 
2,573 
6,920 
1,880 
1,656 
2,059 
4,021 
1,288 
1,890 
7,758 
5,919 
1,991 
4,334 
2,190 
15,491 
907 
2,930 


4 891 


Bertie _ 


1,235 


Camden . 


472 


Chowan __ . __ 


930 


Craven. ._ 


5 007 


Currituck- 


508 


Dare_ _ ._. . . ._ 


845 


Gates 


535 


Hertford 


882 


Hvde 


660 


Jones _ _ _ 


1,374 


Lenoir _ 


7 442 


Martin. 


1,897 


Pamlico 


1 377 


Pasquotank 


1,725 


Perquimans 


709 


Pitt 


6,112 


Tvrrell. _ .___ 


310 


Washington 


1 749 






Total 


75,796 


38,660 



SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


L. H. 
Fountain (D) 


Edgecombe. _ __. __ 


11 410 


Franklin_. 


5 538 


Granville 


6 082 


Greene .. 


4,344 


Halifax 


12 774 


Nash 


14 005 


Northampton 


6,547 


Person 


5 692 


Vance _.. 


9,122 


Warren 


4 751 


Wilson _ 


12,277 






Total 


92,542 



THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


David N. 
Henderson (D) 


Herbert H. 
Howell CR) 


Carteret ... 


6,489 
7,368 
8,129 
8,474 
7,329 
3,789 
7,931 
7,735 


4 453 


Duplin 


4 484 


Harnett 


6 707 


Johnston 


9 171 


Onslow 


4 465 


Pender 


1 506 


Sampson 


7 694 


Wavne _ 


10,335 




Total _.__ 


57,244 


48,815 



326 



North Carolina Manual 



1968 NORTH CAROLINA GENERAL ELECTION 
VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN— Continued 

FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 



Chatham 

Durham 

Orange 

Randolph 

Wake-.. 

Total 



Nick 
Galifianakis (D) 



5,422 
20,886 
10,971 

9,874 
30,718 



77,871 



Fred 
Steele (R) 



4,836 
17,315 

6,642 
14,622 
30,056 



73,471 



FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Smith 
Bagley (D) 


Wilmer 

Mizell (R) 


Alleghany ..... . . . 


1,952 
4,313 

15,257 
2,827 

34,714 
5,357 
9,332 
3,360 


1,695 


Ashe 


4,865 


Davidson . . 


19,891 


Davie. 


4,883 


Forsvth .. 


32,910 


Stokes 


5,052 


Surrv- . 


9,307 


Yadkin. 


6,302 






Total 


77,112 


84,905 







SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Richardson 
Preyer (D) 


William L. 

Osteen (R) 


Alamance 


16,745 

3,824 

42,963 

12,496 


15,537 


Caswell ... 


1,841 


Guilford 


37,603 


Rockingham 


10,722 






Total. 


76,028 


65,703 









SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




County 


Alton A. 
Lennon (D) 


Bladen 


6,627 


Brunswick 


5,134 


Columbus 


10,381 


Cumberland 


20,503 


Hoke 


3,786 


New Hanover 


14,828 


Robeson 


16,160 








Total . 


77,419 







Election Returns 



327 



1968 NORTH CAROLINA GENERAL ELECTION 
VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN— Continued 



EIGHTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Voit 
Gilmore (D) 


Earl B. 
Ruth (R) 


Anson - 


4,943 
10,473 
3,801 
3,919 
5,965 
5,974 
14,143 
3,913 
7,216 
6,934 


2,665 




14,551 


Lee 


3,141 




3,637 




5,841 


Richmond - .___ 


4,439 




17,841 


Scotland -- - 


1,564 


Stanly - 


10,717 


Union - __ _ 


6,084 






Total 


67,281 


70,480 







NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Chares R. 
Jonas (R) 


Iredell - 


13,306 




7,707 


Mecklenburg 


61,962 




11,535 






Total 


94,510 







TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Basil L. 
Whitener (D) 


James T. 
Broyhill (R) 


Alexander. 


3,108 

1,099 

9,553 

6,546 

11,921 

13,131 

23,519 

3,418 


5,222 


Avery _ 


3,331 


Burke 


12,607 


Caldwell. _ 


13,550 


Catawba. . 


20,227 


Cleveland _ .. 


8,934 


Gaston 


18,475 


Watauga _ .. 


5,465 






Total 


72,295 


87,811 







328 



North Carolina Manual 



1968 NORTH CAROLINA GENERAL ELECTION 
VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN— Continued 

ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Roy A. 
Taylor (D) 


W. Scott 
Harvey (R) 


Buncombe 


27,967 
3,453 
1,206 
1,463 

10,581 
6,244 
4,424 
3,355 
3,121 
6,207 
1,430 
2,692 
9,602 
2,073 
4,662 
2,997 


17 822 


Cherokee _._ 


3 518 


Chiv 


1 , 297 


Graham 


1 521 


Havwood 


4 891 


Henderson 


8 781 


Jackson 


3 263 


Macon.. . . _ 


2 866 


Madison 


2 691 


McDowell 


3,897 


Mitchell 


3 608 


Polk 


2 444 


Rutherford __ 


6,962 
1 270 


Swain 


Transylvania 


3 826 


Yancev _ 


2,384 






Total 


91,477 


68,657 





Election Returns 329 

VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATORS IN PRIMARIES 

1954-1966 

1954 

Short Term 

W.Kerr Scott _.-_ 274,674 

Alton Lennon _ 264, 265 

Alvin Wingfield 12,372 

Henry L. Sprinkle 5,013 

Regular Term 

W. Kerr Scott ..312,053 

Alton Lennon 286,730 

Alvin Wingfield 7,999 

Henry L. Sprinkle 2,548 

A.E.Turner .- 2,361 

Olla Ray Boyd 1,674 

W. M. Bostick 1,293 

1956 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr __ 360,967 

Marshall C. Kurfees 65,512 

1960 

B. Everett Jordan - .324,188 

Addison Hewlett _ 217,899 

Robert W. Gregory -- 31,463 

Robert M. Mcintosh 23,988 

1962 

Claude L. Greene, Jr. (R) 31,756 

Charles H. Babcock (R) 20,246 

1966 

B. Everett Jordan 445,454 

Hubert E. Seymour, Jr .116,548 



330 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATORS IN 
GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1954-1966 



Democrats 


1954 
Short Term 


Republicans 


W. Kerr Scott 
402,268 


Regular Term 




W. Kerr Scott 
408.312 


Unexpired Term 


Paul C. West 
211,322 


Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
410,574 







Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
731,353 



1956 



Joel .\. Johnson 
367,475 



B. Everett Jordan 
431,492 



1958 



Richaril C. Clarke, Jr. 
184,977 



B. Everett Jordan 
793,521 



1960 



Kyle Haves 
497,964 



Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
491,520 



1962 



Claude L. Green, Jr. 
321,635 



B. Everett Jordan 
501,440 



1966 



John S. Shallcross 
400,502 

Don Badgley 

36 (write-in votes) 



Election Returns 



331 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
PRIMARY, MAY 4, 1968 



County 


Q 

"-5 


Q 

CO 
H C 


is 


Q 
£33 


-»j en 

II 




a 

a 

s 

s 

•-s 


Alamance 

Aexander 

Alleghany 


11,060 
1,649 
1,191 
3,334 
2,003 
559 
4,453 
3,164 
4,804 
3,629 

11,996 
6,257 
7,941 
5,542 
689 
4,479 
2,217 
5,555 
3,458 
1,360 
1,698 
392 
9,687 
6,683 
6,087 

10,289 
1,133 
1,329 
7,440 
1,471 
4,494 

14,448 
5,499 

15,262 
5,604 

10,587 

1,086 

482 

3,689 

3,105 

18,939 
6,722 
5,838 
4,872 
2,677 
2,023 
2,206 
916 
7,538 
2,365 


1,525 
108 

33 
618 

69 

19 
271 
468 
556 
475 
1,125 
1,187 
654 
426 

78 
194 
225 
434 
345 

60 
287 

26 
555 
597 
300 
666 

76 

73 
935 
210 
221 
753 
1,011 
2,895 
408 
893 
209 

31 
199 
160 
4,007 
948 
399 
218 
148 
127 
496 

46 
647 

87 


895 

34 

62 

359 

67 

30 

629 

255 

719 

643 

1,019 

243 

794 

330 

82 

280 

217 

280 

465 

119 

131 

29 

678 

727 

557 

2,281 

114 

70 

516 

111 

353 

8,306 

1,187 

1,942 

1,221 

857 

158 

54 

320 

255 

1,740 

894 

596 

247 

115 

223 

879 

105 

465 

206 


478 

45 

21 

196 

57 

35 

194 

168 

360 

592 

1,771 

158 

279 

154 

43 

199 

120 

137 

146 

58 

89 

21 

351 

541 

346 

543 

166 

48 

253 

64 

807 

469 

197 

983 

360 

565 

80 

38 

671 

102 

787 

330 

227 

257 

93 

203 

130 

125 

215 

159 


844 

488 

61 

68 

183 

768 

112 

27 

47 

135 

1,557 

646 

1,242 

993 

9 

417 

63 

621 

183 

501 

39 

149 

278 

92 

250 

334 

3 

33 

2,085 

901 

384 

798 

235 

1,163 

103 

933 

12 

177 

28 

67 

1.718 

59 

315 

202 

759 

34 

30 

40 

1,013 

285 


552 

187 

66 

34 

195 

413 

88 

9 

55 

205 

1,847 

1,201 

744 

885 

4 

446 

39 

803 

384 

165 

34 

36 

238 

113 

206 

356 

1 

22 

827 

480 

221 

868 

197 

1,979 

121 

894 

4 

156 

26 

68 

1,667 

74 

298 

319 

891 

11 

37 

36 

542 

189 


768 

472 
84 


Anson. 


31 


Ashe 


391 


Avery _ 

Beaufort... . 


394 
108 


Bertie 


13 


Bladen 


43 


Brunswick . . .. 


188 


Buncombe 


1,480 


Burke 


1,372 


Cabarrus 


738 


Caldwell 


1,443 


Camden 


5 


Carteret 


440 


Caswell 

Catawba.. 


31 
1,453 


Chatham _ 


472 


Cherokee 


160 


Chowan . 


22 


Clay 


35 


Cleveland 


313 


Columbus 


152 


Craven 


173 


Cumberland 


469 


Currituck 


5 


Dare. . . 


62 


Davidson 


2,173 


Davie 


743 


Duplin 


233 


Durham 


771 


Edgecombe . 


265 


Forsyth.. 


1,914 


Franklin. 


124 




1,421 


Gates... 


3 


Graham . 


228 


Granville 


26 


Greene 


88 


Guilford.... 


1,988 


Halifax 


69 


Harnett 


347 


Haywood 


270 


Henderson.. 


824 


Hertford 


10 


Hoke 


53 


Hyde.. 


20 


Iredell. 


812 




342 



332 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
PRIMARY, MAY 4, 1968— Continued 



County 



Johnston 

Jonps 

Lec_ 

Lenoir 

Lincoln , . 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg.-. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. . . 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover.. 
Northampton. . 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland.. 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania... 

Tyrrell 

Union 

V&nce 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 






148 
G45 
4'> 
012 

907 
325 
945 
857 
752 
691 
414 
639 
764 
545 
929 
354 
210 
042 
214 
956 
604 
355 
951 
189 
286 
296 
226 
044 
702 
078 
927 
822 
478 
206 
612 
894 
053 
618 
610 
364 
462 
021 
211 
933 
891 
184 
497 
065 
287 
853 



499,392 



H c 



= a 



329 
144 
126 
353 
248 

67 

41 

1,016 

236 

3, 775 

11 
118 
364 
366 
1 , 299 
567 
346 
782 

77 
491 
236 
154 
311 
655 

67 
268 
472 
1,352 
1,583 
847 
306 
286 
247 
333 
200 
303 

33 
102 
119 
382 
343 
405 
279 
704 

82 
379 
187 
375 

60 

33 



48,357 






ogh 



845 
252 
254 
804 
196 
75 
38 
205 
237 

1,147 

2 

196 

527 

2,141 

1,621 

1,037 
823 

2,292 
328 
234 
310 
242 
302 

1,045 
119 
219 
302 

1,317 
983 

1,484 
319 
416 
288 
234 
195 
450 
41 
117 
58 
296 
331 

2,276 
255 
191 
93 
786 
245 

1,163 

122 

50 



60,362 



o a 

£5 



253 
103 
137 
276 
120 

80 

68 
106 
148 
540 
235 

77 
269 
281 
695 
320 
262 
427 

45 
193 
275 

66 
931 
393 

58 
153 
235 
615 
432 
439 
193 
229 
153 
159 
142 
233 

58 

71 

52 

140 

,157 

,478 

272 

123 

66 
280 

98 
240 

54 
265 



30,126 



•oi 



■S a 



684 

41 

105 

337 

632 

142 

221 

32 

319 

1,921 

609 

381 

970 

623 

762 

7 

165 

197 

20 

58 

46 

12 

82 

508 

121 

2,923 

35 

66 

476 

3,973 

294 

957 

18 

825 

408 

952 

55 

149 

2 

193 

103 

932 

18 

43 

467 

372 

2,925 

248 

1,250 

188 



48,351 






469 

19 

107 

235 

420 

70 

224 

43 

202 

4,442 

468 

223 

592 

319 

1,241 

9 

143 

976 

61 

61 

57 

9 

143 

344 

151 

823 

58 

43 

614 

999 

302 

849 

33 

758 

329 

632 

59 

140 

8 

137 

103 

1,327 

8 

33 

236 

222 

1,353 

199 

431 

66 



40,023 



Election Returns 



333 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
SECOND PRIMARY, JUNE 1, 1968 



County 


Robert V. 

Somers 

(R) 


J. L. 
Zimmerman 

(R) 


County 


Robert V. 

Somers 

(R) 


J. L. 

Zimmerman 

(R) 


Alamance 

Alexander 

Alleghany 


117 
76 
11 
35 
94 

168 

37 

5 

17 

68 

256 

186 

213 

98 

5 

186 
29 

111 
65 
95 
15 
20 
45 
43 
43 
50 
2 
17 

307 

122 
98 

177 
41 

189 
24 

129 

10 

19 

6 

17 

385 
50 
78 
56 

100 

11 

6 

28 

125 
31 
97 


63 
38 
9 
12 
35 
57 
27 
6 
32 

101 

155 

117 

64 

48 

1 

102 
8 

143 
47 
13 
13 
13 
50 
64 
50 
48 
3 
29 
65 
28 
42 

309 
26 

235 
32 

174 

7 

14 

15 

23 

251 
47 
60 
63 
82 
3 

14 
27 
41 
58 
65 


Jones 

Lee.. 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell . 


8 

34 

60 

101 

33 

27 

11 

56 

457 

35 

115 

170 

93 

154 

3 

48 

94 

23 

29 

20 

7 

38 

59 

29 

323 

28 

23 

112 

756 

37 

74 

8 

134 

102 

149 

27 

43 

11 

74 

46 

238 

4 

13 

46 

104 

372 

48 

104 

23 


21 
26 
32 
50 


Ashe 

Avery -. - 


27 
10 


Beaufort 


7 


Bertie 


39 


Bladen 


Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


288 




34 


Buncombe 

Burke 


Montgomery 


12 
51 


Cabarrus 


Nash 


51 


Caldwell 


New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 


191 


Camden 


4 


Carteret 


54 


Caswell 


73 


Catawba 


Pamlico 


19 


Chatham 


Pasquotank.. . 


15 




Pender . . . 


26 


Chowan 


Perquimans 

Person . .. 


6 


Clay 


36 


Cleveland 


Pitt 


53 




Polk 


53 


Craven 


Randolph 


69 


Cumberland 


Richmond 


19 




Robeson . 


18 


Dare 


Rockingham 


69 




Rowan. . 


171 


Davie 


Rutherford 


104 




Sampson . . 


148 


Durham 


Scot and 


12 




Stanlv 


88 


Forsvth 


Stokes 


31 


Franklin 


Surrv - - 


30 




Swam. 


15 


Gates 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 


35 


Graham 


4 


Granville 


Union 


, 32 




Vance 


29 


Guilford 


Wake 


439 


Halifax 




6 


Harnett 


Washington ... 


13 






7 


Henderson 


Wayne 


63 


Hertford 


Wilkes 


19 


Hoke 


Wilson. . . 


53 


Hyde 


Yadkin 


40 


Iredell _ 


Yancey 


13 


Jackson 

Johnston 


Total 




8,816 


5,734 



334 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
NOVEMBER 5, 1968 



Counties 


Sam J. 

Ervin, Jr. 

(D) 


Robert Vance 

Somers 

(R) 


Counties 


Sam J. 

Ervin, Jr. 

(D) 


Robert Vance 

Somers 

(R) 


Alamance . . 


19,5fi:i 

3,457 

1,940 

5,540 

4,385 

1,207 

fi,205 

4,280 

0,079 

4,64() 

25,918 

11,731 

12,252 

9,414 

1,367 

6,18(5 

3,903 

14,636 

5,946 

3,262 

2,527 

1,150 

14,002 

9,383 

7,388 

19,085 

1,825 

1,642 

15,962 

3,120 

7,123 

20,534 

10,077 

34,493 

6,754 

23,656 

1,921 

1,383 

5,995 

3,877 

40,858 

11,309 

8,847 

9,710 

5,699 

4,394 

3,749 

1,267 

12,821 

4,206 

9,434 


11,444 
4,522 
1,574 
1 , 639 
4,681 
2,989 
3,663 

934 
1,401 
2,911 
19,197 
9,847 
11,961 
9,927 

326 
4,400 
1 , 130 
16,435 
3,988 
3,501 

642 
1,305 
6,432 
3,238 
3,994 
7,890 

371 

649 

17,895 

4,266 

3,583 

11,313 

2,619 

29,350 

2,042 

14,866 

361 
1,564 
1,337 

745 
32,050 
2,589 
5,658 
4,881 
8,885 

848 

606 

473 

10,634 

3,291 

7,967 


Jones,. 


2,013 
4,565 

9,285 
6,644 
3,391 
3,007 
5,907 
5,999 

59,664 
1,430 
4,271 
6,470 

12,004 

15,204 
6,465 
7,. 506 

11,197 
2,060 
4,723 
3,795 
2,1,37 
5,817 

14,567 
2,735 

10,315 
6,681 

15,588 

13,479 

17,121 

10,099 
7,999 
4,287 
8,128 
5,142 
9,173 
1,974 
4,761 
772 
8,385 
8,183 

36,226 
4,444 
2,940 
4,048 

10,120 
6,987 

10,501 
3,210 
2,879 


844 


Alexander . 


Lee 


1 936 


Alleghany .. 


Lenoir 


4 575 


Anson. . .. .. 




6,301 


Ashe 


Macon 


2,811 


Averv 


Madison 


2 718 


Beaufort 




1,192 


Bertie.. 


McDowell 


3,752 


Bladen. 


Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


38 116 


Brunswick... 


3 470 


Buncombe 




3,267 


Burke 




4,791 


Cabarrus 


Nash 


4 686 


Caldwell 


New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 


9 198 


Camden 


916 


Carteret 


3,573 


Caswell 


Orange 


5,415 


Catawba 


Pamlico 


949 


Chatham 




1,500 


Cherokee 


Pender 


1,277 


Chowan. ..... 


Perquimans 


490 


Clav 


Person 


1,918 


Cleveland . 


Pitt 


4,778 


Columbus 


Polk 

Randolph 


2,367 


Craven 


14,027 


Cumberland 


Richmond . .. ,, 


2,311 


Currituck.. . 


Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 


2,461 


Dare 


8,221 


Davidson 


14,128 


Davie... 


Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scot and 


6 097 


Duplin. 


7,181 


Durham.. . 


1 , 026 


Edgecombe 

Forsyth, . 


Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain... 


9,354 
4,792 


Franklin 

Gaston 


8,706 
1,267 


Gates.. 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 


3 568 


Graham 

Granville 


240 
4,250 


Greene . 

Guilford 


Vance 

Wake 


2,014 
21,887 


Halifax 

Harnett . 


Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 


444 
1,340 


Haywood 

Henderson.,. 


4,588 
6,333 


Hertford 


Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 


11,100 


Hoke,. 


3,621 


Hyde 

Iredell 


5,941 
2,383 


Jackson 

Johnston, - 


Totals 




870,406 


566,934 







Election Returns 335 



VOTE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 



Proposed amendments to the Constitution of North Carolina 
submitted to a vote of the people at a General Election, 

November 5, 1968 



No. 1 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 391, Session Laws of 1967. 

Amending Section 28 of Article II of the Constitution establishing 
procedure for fixing compensation of members and officers of the 
General Assembly, and denying benefit of any increase in compen- 
sation to members of the session which enacts it. 

No. 2 
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 640, Session Laws of 1967. 

Amending certain sections of Article II of the Constitution continu- 
ing the present system of representation in the General Assembly. 



336 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 
GENERAL ELECTION, NOVEMBER 5, 1968 





1 


2 


County 


Constitutional amendment 
establishing procpilurc for 
fixing compensation of members 
and officers of the General 
Assembly. 


Constitutional amendments 
continuing present system 
of Representation in the 
General Assembly. 




For 


Against 


For 


.\gainst 




13,051 
2,617 
645 
3,611 
3,162 
1,356 
4,630 
893 
3,193 
2,763 

13,037 
8,243 

10,894 

8,319 

830 

5,417 

2,351 

12,989 
4,023 
2,516 
1,592 
937 
9,613 
3,637 
3,336 

12,361 
1,103 
1,081 

13,504 
2,777 
4,228 

13,799 
5,885 

23,058 
3,151 

17,744 
1,203 
1,273 
3,478 
1,993 

24,319 
7,045 
5,445 
7,609 
3,380 
1,259 
2,543 
936 
9,725 
3,654 
4,300 
1.506 


10,140 
3,500 
1,184 
2,250 
2,128 
1,309 
4,072 

486 
3,621 
3,247 
5,264 
11,005 
9,244 
7,203 

536 
3,964 
1,795 
11,710 
3,660 
1,776 
1,077 

702 

6,784 

4.608 

2,786 

11,000 

736 

564 

13,648 

2,918 

4,609 

11,697 

4,113 

14,255 

3,861 

15, 125 

569 

667 
2,319 
1,729 
19,646 
5,075 
6,273 
5,329 
1,801 

585 
1,242 

551 
9,095 
2,015 
4,906 
1,079 


13,023 
2,734 
1,038 
3,436 
3,060 
1,.323 
4,798 
914 
3,374 
2,588 

12,769 
8,284 

11,104 

8,687 

726 

5,281 

2,056 

13,023 
4,144 
2,162 
1,517 
802 
9,799 
4,208 
3,528 

13,830 

1,065 

973 

14,330 
2,820 
4,743 

14,763 
6,691 

22,380 
3,338 

18,016 
1,163 
1,088 
3,406 
2,001 

26,971 
7,202 
6,061 
7,354 
3,296 
1.255 
2,631 
841 

10,319 
3,408 
4,401 
1,209 


7,698 




2,996 


Alleghany 


973 


Anson . - 


1,823 


Ashe 


1,818 


Averv 


1.033 


Beaufort . 


3.029 


Bertie .- - 


363 


Bladen 


2,771 


Brunswick 


2,868 




4,766 


Burke 


9,500 


Cabarrus 


7,587 


Caldwell 


5,925 


Camden 


451 


Carteret 


3,154 


Caswell 


1,398 


Catawba 


10,031 


Chatham . . . 


2,909 


Cherokee . - 


1,470 


Chowan . . . 


845 


Clav. 


702 


Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 


5,249 
3,307 
2,311 


Cumberland 

Currituck 


7,344 
614 


Dare 

Davidson 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Forsvth 


503 

10,750 

2,362 

3,138 

10,891 

3,056 

13,087 


Franklin 

Gaston 


2,890 
11,944 


Gates 


401 


Graham 


637 


Granville . . . . 


1,706 


Greene 


1,407 


Guilford 


15,412 


Halifax 


3,664 


Harnett 


4,. 323 


Havwood 


4,077 


Henderson 


1,726 


Hertford . 


392 


Hoke 


827 


Hvde . ... 


459 


Iredell 


7,126 


Jackson 


1,952 


Johnston 


3.876 


Jones 


979 



Election Returns 



337 



VOTE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 
GENERAL ELECTION, NOVEMBER 5, 1968- Continued 



County 



Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton, 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank.. 

Pender _ 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt. 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell. 

Union. 

Vance. 

Wake. 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals.... 



1 



Constitutional amendment 
establishing procedure for 
fixing compensation of members 
and officers of the General 
Assembly. 



For 



1 

7 
4 
2 
1 
3 
4 

44 
1 
2 
4 
6 

10 
2 
5 

10 
1 
1 
2 
1 
3 

10 
1 
5 
3 
9 
8 

14 
7 
5 
1 
6 
3 
7 
1 
4 

5 
5 
21 
2 
2 
2 
2 
5 
6 
3 
2 



,133 
,302 
,014 

,665 
,722 
,651 
,364 
,129 
,820 
,829 
,864 
,901 
,091 
,184 
,023 
,045 
,319 
,952 
,156 
,327 
,024 
,202 
,527 
,325 
,332 
,282 
,179 
,356 
,381 
,496 
,759 
,278 
,381 
,187 
,569 
,236 
503 
,547 
,011 
,517 
,298 
,264 
,947 
,023 
,961 
,085 
,094 
,020 



573,289 



Against 



2 
3 

23 
1 
2 
4 
6 
7 
1 
4 
4 
1 
1 
1 

2 
6 
1 
6 
3 
5 
8 
12 
6 
4 
1 
6 
3 



4 
3 

20 
1 
1 
2 
1 
5 
6 
3 
1 



874 
,117 
,099 
,066 

558 
,303 
,383 
,855 
,519 
,551 
,414 
,404 
,579 
,452 
,923 
,424 
,126 
,445 
,900 

832 
,663 
,753 
,366 
,679 
,134 
,458 
,524 
,447 
,342 
,565 
,892 
,997 
,399 
,422 

889 
,713 

304 
,616 
,833 
,138 
,912 
,591 
,474 
,759 
,933 
,317 
,419 
.404 



465,225 



Constitutional amendments 
continuing present system 
of Representation in the 
General Assemljly. 



For 



1 


197 


6 


263 


4 


455 


2 


356 


1 


372 


3 


578 


4 


374 


43 


048 


1 


733 


2 


803 


5 


302 


7 


516 


9 


908 


2 


092 


5 


4,57 


9 


137 


1 


308 


1 


986 


2 


179 


1 


185 


3 


1,55 


10 


030 


1 


419 


5 


971 


3 


124 


9 


088 


8 


344 


15 


340 


7 


063 


5 


2,52 


2 


017 


6 


527 


3 


297 


7 


209 


1 


370 


4 


098 




438 


5 


771 


4 


274 


24 


238 


1 


868 


2 


1,39 


3 


010 


2 


,374 


5 


912 


7 


227 


3 


073 


1 


823 



582,633 



Against 





720 


4 


915 


4 


848 


1 


822 




501 


1 


600 


2 


777 


19 


.537 


1 


216 


2 


105 


3 


285 


4 


555 


6 


593 


1 


129 


3 


813 


4 


412 




884 


1 


205 


1 


592 




724 


2 


081 


5 


093 


1 


275 


5 


084 


2 


424 


3 


848 


6 


317 


9 


494 


5 


115 


3 


571 


1 


196 


5 


672 


2 


787 


4 


495 




925 


2 


156 




275 


3 


,361 


3 


794 


16 


482 


1 


765 


1 


225 


2 


235 


1 


282 


4 


701 


4 


113 


2 


590 


1 


286 



373,395 



338 



Election Returns 



VOTE 0\ PHOHIBITION 1881 AND 1908 



August. 1881 



May, 1908 



For 
Prohibition 

48,3711 



Against 

Prohibition 

166.325 



For 

Prohibition 

113,612 



Against 

Prohibition 

69.416 



Vote on calling convention to consider proposed amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States repealing 
the ISth amendment and Election of Delegates. 



November, 1933 



For 

Convention 

1 2 It , 1 9 < i 



No 

Convention 

293,484 



Delegates 

For Repeal 

of 

18th 

Amendment 

115,482 



Delegates 

Against 

Repeal of 

18th 

Amendment 

300,054 



PART V 

GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, 
BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



GOVERNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



ADVISORY BUDGET COMMISSION 

1925, c. 89; 1929, c. 100; 1931, c. 295; 1951, c, 768; 

G. S. 143-4 

Composition: Six members. Chairman of Appropriations and 
Finance Committees of the House and Senate, and two members 
appointed by the Governor. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Thomas J. White Kinston 

W. Frank Forsyth Andrews 

Appointed by the Legislature: 

Lindsay C. Warren. Jr Goldsboro 

Ralph H. Scott Haw River 

Thorne Gregory Scotland Neck 

Samuel H. Johnson Raleigh 



NOKTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL HALL OF FAME 

1953, c. 1129; G. S. 106-568.14 

Composition: Eight members. Five ex-officio, three appointed 
by the Governor. 

James A. Graham, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. George Hyatt, Jr., Director North Carolina Agricultural 

Extension Service, ex-officio Raleigh 

V. B. Hairr, State Supervisor of Vocational 

Agriculture, ex-officio Raleigh 

Mrs. Harry B. Caldwell, Master of State Grange, 

ex-officio Greensboro 

B. C. Mangum, President, North Carolina Farm 

Bureau Federation, ex-officio Rougemont 

L. R. Harrill ; Raleigh 

Dr. James Hilton Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Charles Graham Linwood 

341 



342 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICUT^TimK 

H«v. s. 3n;?l; Codo s. 2184; 1901, c. 470, ss. 2, 4; 1907, c. 497, 
s. 1 ; 19:51, c. 360, s. 1; 1937, c. 174; C. S. 4667; G. S. 106-2 

Composition: Eleven members. Ten appointed by the Gov- 
ernor. 

James A. Graham, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

J. Atwell Alexander Stony Point 

Richard N. Barber, Jr Waynesville 

G. E. Fisher Pendleton 

Claude T. Hall Roxboro 

Fred N. Colvard Jefferson 

George P. Kittrell Corapeake 

Charles F. Phillips Thomasville 

J. H. Poole West End 

Henry Gray Shelton Speed 

David Townsend, Jr Rowland 

AIR CONTROL ADVISORY COUNCIL 

1967, c. 892; G. S. 143-214 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

James Blackwell Rt. 1, Yanceyville 

Dr. David A. Eraser Chapel Hill 

Lex Honeycutt Wilson 

Samuel Gray Jones, Jr Asheville 

Dr. William M. Nicholson Durham 

Dr. Glenn Ray Noggle Raleigh 

Kester A. Sink Mount Airy 

Austin C. Thies Charlotte 

Harry Vanderlinden Hickory 

STATE BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

1937, c. 49, ss. 2, 3; c. 411; 1939, c. 185, s. 5; 1941, c. 107, s. 5; 
1961, c. 916; 1965, c. 1102; 1969, c. 294; G. S. 18-37; G. S. 18-38 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 
Wm. Charles Cohoon, Chairman Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 343 

Lawrence C. Rose Wrightsville Beach 

H. Edward Knox Charlotte 



EXECUTIVE BOARD STATE DEPARTMENT OF 
ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

Rev. s. 4530; 1903, c. 767, s. 2; 1907, c. 714, s. 1; 1941, c. 306; 
1943, c. 237; 1945, c. 55; 1955, c. 543; C. S. 6141; G. S. 121-3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Josh L. Home, Chairman Rocky Mount 

Dr. Gertrude S. Carraway New Bern 

Harry Gatton Raleigh 

Dr. Fletcher M. Green Chapel Hill 

Ralph P. Hanes Winston-Salem 

Dr. Hugh T. Lefler Chapel Hill 

Dr. Edward W. Phifer, Jr Morganton 

Dr. H. G. Jones, Director Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA ARTS COUNCIL 
1967, 0. 164; G. S. 143-403 

Composition: Twenty-four members appointed by the Gov- 
ernor. 

Sam T. Ragan, Chairman Southern Pines 

Mrs. Claude B. Strickland, Jr Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Leslie N. Boney, Jr Wilmington 

Mrs. Guy T. Carswell Charlotte 

Harry L. Dalton Charlotte 

Mrs. William W. Dodge, IH Raleigh 

Edwin Gill _I Raleigh 

Mrs. Frank R. Penn Reidsville 

Mrs. Nello Teer, Jr. Durham 

Henry Bowers Raleigh 

Mrs. Charles S. Cooke Wilson 

Clyde A. Dillon, Jr Raleigh 

Alfred J. Fletcher Raleigh 

Robert W. Gray Asheville 

Mrs. R. C. Jennings, Jr High Point 



344 North Carolina Manual 

Mrs. J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

Robert L. Catling Raleigh 

Mrs. David Ross Inglia Edenton 

Mrs. William T. Joyner Raleigh 

Mrs. J. Nathan McCarley Asheville 

Mrs. Charles M. Reeves, Jr Sanford 

James Burdett Lawrence Rush Winston-Salem 

Dr. Joseph Curtis Sloane Chapel Hill 

Francis Speight Greenville 



NORTH CAROLINA ARMORY COMMISSION 
1947, c. 1010; G. S. 143-230 

Composition: Five members consisting of the Governor, Attor- 
ney General, Adjutant General and two members appointed by 
the Governor. 

Governor Robert W. Scott, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Robert Morgan. Attorney General, ex-officio Raleigh 

Claude T. Bowers, Adjutant General, ex-officio Raleigh 

Major General Ivan Hardesty Raleigh 

Col. David K. Edwards Durham 



NORTH CAROLINA MUSEUM OF ART 
1961, c. 731; G. S. 140-2 

Composition: Fourteen members. Two ex-officio, eight ap- 
pointed by the Governor and four elected by the North Carolina 
State Art Society. 

Ex-officio: 

Robert W. Scott, Governor Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Superintendent of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 

Appointed: 

Mrs. L. Y. Ballentine Raleigh 

Egbert L. Davis, Jr Winston-Salem 

Edwin Gill Raleigh 

Robert Lee Humber Greenville 



Go\t:rnme!ntal Boards and Commissions 345 

Mrs. Larry Cohen Greensboro 

Thomas S. Kenan, III Durham 

Smith W. Bagley Winston-Salem 

Mrs. James Semans Durham 

Elected: 

Mrs. Arthur W. Levy, Jr Raleigh 

Mrs. George W. Paschal, Jr Raleigh 

Dr. Joseph C. Sloane Chapel Hill 

Harry L. Dalton Charlotte 

NORTH CAROLINA kSTATE ART SOCIETY, INCORPORATED 

1929, c. 314; 1943, c. 752; 1961, c, 547; 1961, c. 1152; 

G. S. 140-11 

Composition: Sixteen members. Four members ex-officio; four 
members appointed by the Governor; eight members elected by 
the Art Society. 

Ex-officio: 

Robert W. Scott, Governor Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Superintendent of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer Raleigh 

Mrs. Julian Porter, Representative of N. C. 

Federation of Women's Clubs Severn 

Appointed: , , ,, , 

Dr. Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

Mrs. George W. Paschal, Jr Raleigh 

Harry Dalton Charlotte 

Mrs. W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro 

Elected: 

Mrs. Claude Strickland Winston-Salem 

Welch Harriss High Point 

Charles Lee Smith Raleigh 

Mrs. Ralph Reeves, Jr Raleigh 

Mrs. Gordon Haues Pfafftown 

Mrs. Doak Finch Thomasville 

Mrs. Agnew H. Bahnson, Jr Winston-Salem 

Ernest A. Hamill_ Asheville 



346 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESvSMENT 

1930, c. 310; 1941, c. 327; 1947, c. 184; 1961, c. 547; 
G. S. 105-273; 1967, c. 1196 

Composition: Five members, one ex-officio, two appointed by 
the Governor, one appointed by the Lieutenant Governor, and one 
appointed by the Speaker of the House. 

Robert F. Morgan Shelby 

Thomas W. Alexander, Jr Raleigh 

John A. Winfield Rt. 1, Pinetown 

William C. Stokes Reidsville 

H. C. Stansbury, Director Dept. of 

Tax Research, ex-officio Raleigh 

ATLANTIC STATES MARINE FISHERIES COMMISSION 

1949, c. 1086; 1965, c. 957; G. S. 113-254 

Composition: Three members, two ex-officio, one appointed 
by the Governor. 

Dr. Thomas L. Linton, ex-officio Raleigh 

Thorne Gregory, ex-officio Scotland Neck 

Walton S. Grigg Point Harbor 

ATOMIC ENERGY ADVISORY COMMITTEE 
1959, c. 481; G. S. 104C-3 

Composition: Thirty-five members. Three ex-officio and thirty- 
two appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. A. C. Menius, Jr., Chairman Raleigh 

James A. Graham, ex-officio Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Jacob Koomen, ex-officio Raleigh 

Atwell Alexander Stony Point 

Killian Barwick Elizabeth City 

Dr. C. E. Boulware Durham 

Dr. C. C. Carpenter Winston-Salem 

Emil T. Chanlett Chapel Hill 

Dr. Clifton E. Crandell Chapel Hill 

Frank Crane Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 347 

Dr. Gerald Edwards Greensboro 

E. C. Fiss Charlotte 

Dr. Paul Gross Durham 

William F. Henderson Raleigh 

Dr. John I. Hopkins Davidson 

George R. Herbert Durham 

John V. Hunter. Ill Raleigh 

Dean H. Brooks James Raleigh 

A. L. Jameson Williamston 

Dr. Leo W. Jenkins Greenville 

T. H. LeCroy Rocky Mount 

Edwin L. Jones Charlotte 

Charles J. Nooe Leaksville 

Dr. Robert J. Reeves Durham 

H. B. Robinson Raleigh 

William P. Saunders Southern Pines 

Forest H. Shuford, II Raleigh 

Brig. General M. I. Shuford Jacksonville 

Mrs. Graham Walton Whiteville 

Dr. Lewis C. Dowdy Greensboro 

Charles H. Wheatley Charlotte 

Dr. William L. Wilson, Secretary Raleigh 

Dr. Barnes Woodhall Durham 

Charles D. Barbour Durham 

Dr. James S. Raper Asheville 

Dr. Waldemar C. A. Sternbergh Charlotte 



STATE BANKING COMMISSION 

1931, c. 243; 1935, c. 266; 1939, c. 91; 1949, c. 372; 
1953, c. 1209; 1961, c. 547; G. S. 53-92 

Composition: Eleven members. One ex-officio, ten appointed 
by the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

William T. Cheatham. Jr Statesville 

Edwin Duncan, Jr North Wilkesboro 

N. K. Dickerson : Monroe 

Lewis R. Holding Charlotte 

Edward T. Shipley Winston-Salem 



348 North Carolina Manual 

Allen H. Sims Gastonia 

Mrs. Melba G. Smith Belhaven 

Armand T. Swisher Charlotte 

James T. Moss Youngsville 

Paul Wright, Jr Durham 

THE NORTH CAROLTTVA STATE BAR COUNCTL 
1933, c. 210; 1037, r. 51; 1055, c. 651; 1061, c. 41; G. S. 84-17 

Composition: Thirty-four members. Four ex-officio as officers 
of the North Carolina State Bar, and one each from the thirty 
judicial districts of the State. 

Officers: 

Claude V. Jones, President Durham 

Robert G. Sanders, First Vice President Charlotte 

Leon H. Corbett, Second Vice President Burgaw 

B. E. James, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Councilors: 

J. Kenyon Wilson, Jr Elizabeth City 

W. Marion Allen Elkin 

Charles H. Young Raleigh 

Martin Kellogg, Jr Manteo 

John C. Rodman Washington 

Luther Hamilton Morehead City 

R. D. Johnson, Jr Warsaw 

Aaron Goldberg Wilmington 

M. Scott Benton Roanoke Rapids 

Henry C. Bourne Tarboro 

C. Brantley Aycock Kinston 

W. L. Lumpkin Louisburg 

Willis Smith, Jr Raleigh 

Kenneth R. Hoyle Sanford 

George S. Quillin Fayetteville 

Davis C. Herring Southport 

Albert W. Kennon Durham 

Emerson T. Sanders Burlington 

W. E. Timberlake Lumberton 

A. D. Folger, Jr Madison 

Richard L. Wharton Greensboro 

Max Busby Salisbury 



GO\'ERNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 349 

W. D. Sabiston Carthage 

W. P. Sandridge Winston-Salem 

Lester P. Martin. Jr Mocksville 

John E. Hall North Wilkesboro 

Frank H. Watson Spruce Pine 

Bailey Patrick Hickory 

George J. Miller Charlotte 

M. T. Leatherman Lincolnton 

H. Kenneth Lee Asheville 

Ralph H. Ramsey, Jr Brevard 

Sidney L. Truesdale Canton 

STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 
1935, c. 53, s. 1; 1937, c. 285; G. S. 111-1; 111-3 

Composition: Eleven members. Five ex-officio, six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Sam Alford, Chairman Henderson 

Hubert L. Hyde Asheville 

H. C. Bradshaw^ Durham 

D. R. Mauney, Jr Cherryville 

Dr. James Bailey Charlotte 

George Gibbs Murfreesboro 

Dr. Howard E. Jensen (Emeritus for Life) Columbia, Missouri 

Judge Sam M. Cathey (Emeritus for Life), Chairman Asheville 

Ex-officio members: . 

Dr. Jacob Koomen Raleigh 

Alden P. Honeycutt Raleigh 

Claude A. Myer Raleigh 

Samuel J. Cole Raleigh 

Clifton M. Craig Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF BOILER RULES 
1935, c. 326; 1953, c. 569; G. S. 95-54 

Composition: Six members. One ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Frank Crane, Commissioner of Labor, Chairman, 

ex-officio Raleigh 



3 50 North Carolina Manual 

R. L. Harrell Matthews 

William C. Wallin Winston-Salem 

Bertram Levy Greensboro 

H. J. Lane, Sr Henderson 

G. L. Dillon, Jr Raleigh 

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 

1933, c. 392, s. 4; 1941, c. 280, s. 2; 1957, c. 1138; 

G. S. 143-136 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

A. W. Roth, Chairman Charlotte 

John M. Council, Jr Wananish 

Jack Baber Asheville 

S. Ray Moore Gary 

John V. Fox, Jr Greensboro 

Clinton B. Galphin Raleigh 

W. H. Gardner, Jr Durham 

J. Sidney Kirk Raleigh 

Harold S. Shirley Monroe 

NORTH CAROLINA CANCER STUDY COMMISSION 
1967, c. 186; G. S. 143-369.1 

Composition: Twenty members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Donald B. Koonce, Chairman Wilmington 

Irwin Belk Charlotte 

Mrs. H. O. Bridges Wanchese 

Mrs. Elsie Hooper Cole Yanceyville 

Tom H. Foscue Maysville 

Earle Jackson Gluck Charlotte 

Dr. Joseph Grover Gordon Winston-Salem 

Dr. James Eugene Hemphill Rockingham 

Vivian E. Irving Raleigh 

Dr. Marvin M. Lymberis Charlotte 

Hector MacLean Lumberton 

Dr. Philip R. Mason Statesville 

Dr. Hugh A. Matthews Canton 

Dr. Charles M. Norfleet, Jr Winston-Salem 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 351 

Dr. John Cochrane Reece Morganton 

William R. Roberson, Jr Washington 

Mrs. Marie Smathers Canton 

Dr. Lewis Sumner Thorp Rocky Mount 

Dr. Charles D. Watts Durham 

Mrs. Vivian B. Whitfield Wallace 

NORTH CAROLINA CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION 

1965, c. 1002; G. S. 129-31 

Composition: Twelve members. Members of the Council of 
State and the Attorney General, a member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives appointed by the Speaker of the House, a member of 
the Senate appointed by the Lieutenant Governor, a representa- 
tive of the city of Raleigh designated by the Raleigh City Council 
and the Governor who is to serve as Chairman. 

Governor Robert W. Scott, Chairman Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, Auditor Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, Treasurer Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Superintendent of Public Instruction Raleigh 

James A. Graham, Commissioner of Agriculture Raleigh 

Frank Crane, Commissioner of Labor Raleigh 

Edwin S. Lanier, Commissioner of Insurance Raleigh 

Robert Morgan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Jyles J. Coggins Raleigh 

Philip Jackson Baugh Charlotte 

Travis H. Tomlinson, Mayor of Raleigh Raleigh 

William L. Turner, Director, Dept. of Administration, 

Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA CAPITAL BUILDING AUTHORITY 

1967, c. 994; G. S. 129-40 

Composition: Eight members. Two appointed by the Gov- 
ernor, one member of the Senate appointed by the Lieutenant 
Governor, one member of the House of Representatives appointed 
by the Speaker and four ex-officio. 

Ex-oft'icio: 

Robert W. Scott, Governor Raleigh 



352 North Carolina Manual 

Robert Morgan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer Raleigh 

William L. Turner, Director, Dept. of Administra- 
tion, Chairman Raleigh 

Appointed: 

W. C. Calton Raleigh 

Frank B. Turner Raleigh 

John T. Henley Hope Mills 

Norwood E. Bryan, Jr Fayetteville 



GOVERNOR RICHARD CASWELL MEMORIAL COM>nSSION 
1955, c. 977; G. S. 143-204.1 

Composition: Twenty members. Four ex-officio, sixteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Ex-officio: 

H. G. Jones. Director Dept. Archives and History Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Supt. of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Simon C. Sitterson, Mayor of Kinston Kinston 

Richard S. Whaley, Chmn. Board of Commissioners 

of Lenoir County Kinston 

Marion A. Parrott, Chairman Kinston 

Charles R. Holloman Raleigh 

Mrs. George W. Knott Kinston 

Thomas J. White Kinston 

Mrs. W. M. Bellamy Wilmington 

Edmund H. Harding Washington 

R. Hunt Parker Raleigh 

Mrs. W. Ivan Bissette Grifton 

Mrs. W. H. Belk Charlotte 

Mrs. J. Roger Brooks Kinston 

Colonel Paul A. Rockwell Asheville 

Dr. J. Carlyle Sitterson Chapel Hill 

Mrs. R. O. Everett Durham 

Sam N. Clark Tarboro 

Mrs. G. A. Kernodle Burlington 

Elmer S. Wooten Rt. 1, Kinston 



GOVEatNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 353 

STATE CTVEL AIR PATROL 
1953. c. 1231; G. S. 167-1 

Composition: Nine members. Six ex-oificio and three ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Ex-officio: 

Major General Claude T. Bowers, Adjutant General Raleigh 

Col. Ralph P. Cochrane, Wing Commander, Chairman_Charlotte 

Captain Lou McAllister, Adjutant Charlotte 

Lt. Col. George A. Stevens, Deputy Wing 

Commander Charlotte 

Lt. Col. David R. Ellsworth, Chief of Staff Charlotte 

Lt. Col. Bernard B. McCormick, Jr., Civil 

Defense Coordinator Stoney Point 

Appointed: 

Henry Smith Seven Springs 

Stanhope Lineberry Charlotte 

Sam C. Hair Charlotte 

CIVIL DEFENSE ADVISORY COUNCIL 

1959, c. 337; G. S. 166-4 

Composition: Members to consist of those designated as Chiefs 
of Service in the Basic Plan and Amendments to the Operational 
Survival Plan of the North Carolina Civil Defense Agency. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

William M. Hodges, Director, Civil Defense Agency Raleigh 

Col. Charles A. Speed, Commanding Officer, State 

Highway Patrol Raleigh 

Charles E. Clements, Executive Director, Governor's 

Committee on Law and Order Raleigh 

Clyde P. Patton, Executive Director, Wildlife Resources 

Commission Raleigh 

Dr. Jacob Koomen, State Health Director Raleigh 

W. F. Babcock, Director of Highways Raleigh 

Col. Clifton Craig, Commissioner Public Welfare Raleigh 

Edwin S. Lanier, Commissioner of Insurance Raleigh 

C. T. West, News Secretaiy to the Governor Raleigh 



354 North Carolina Manual 

COMMERCIAL Ax\D SI»OKTS FISHERIES ADVISORY BOARD 
11)55, <-. 1031; 1965, c. 957; G. S. 113-241, 242. 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

William A. Shires, Chairman Raleigh 

Archie Burrus Manteo 

Ashley B. Futrell Washington 

Adrian D. Hurst Wilmington 

Nelson W. Taylor Morehead City 

Dr. Al F. Chestnut Morehead City 

Dr. William W. Hassler Raleigh 

Rondal K. Tillett Wanchese 

Vacancy 
Vacancy 
Vacancy 

BOARD OF CONSERVATION AND DEVEL01»MENT 

1925, c. 122, s. 6; 1927, c. 57; 1941, c. 45; 1945, c. 038; 1953, 
c. 81; 1957, c. 248; 1961, c. 197; 1965, c. 826; 1969, c. 271; 

G. S. 113-4, 5. 

Composition: Twenty-seven members appointed by the Gov- 
ernor. 

Gilliam K. Horton, Chairman Wilmington 

E. Pat Hall Charlotte 

Woody R. Hampton Sylva 

J. O. Bishop Rocky Mount 

C. David Blanton Marion 

Harry D. B lorn berg Asheville 

William B. Carter Washington 

Arthur G. Corpening, Jr High Point 

Moncie L. Daniels, Jr Manteo 

Koy E. Dawkins IMonroe 

Dr. J. A. Gill Elizabeth City 

John Harden Greensboro 

Petro Kulynych North Wilkesboro 

William H. Maynard Lenoir 

W. H. McDonald Tryon 

W. Trent Ragland, Jr Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 355 

Grady B. Stott Gastonia 

Oscar J. Sikes, Jr Albemarle 

R. Patrick Spangler Shelby 

T. Max Watson Spindale 

James I. Cheatham, III High Point 

Dan E. Stewart Raleigh 

Dr. Mott Parks Blair Siler City 

Vacancy 
Vacancy 
Vacancy 
Vacancy 

COMMISSION OF CORRECTION 
1957, c. 349; 1967, c. 996; G. S. 148-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Clyde H. Harriss, Sr., Chairman Salisbury 

Mrs. E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Hampton D. Haith Winston-Salem 

Roger P. Ingram, Jr Haw River 

Edgar Gurganus Williamston 

J. R. Hooks Fayetteville 

John Emery Russ Burgaw 

NORTH CAROLINA DIRECTORS OF SCHOOLS 
FOR THE DEAF 

1961, c. 968; 1963, c. 448; G. S. 115-338 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Edgar T. Beddingfield, Jr., Chairman Stantonsburg 

Mrs. James C. Farthing Raleigh 

Mrs. L. C. Gifford Hickory 

John N. Kalmar Faison 

James G. Northcott, Sr Black Mountain 

O. H. Pons, Sr Valdese 

Cecil Lee Porter North Wilkesboro 

S. J. Westmoreland Marion 

J. J. Wade, Jr Charlotte 

Mrs. Adam J. Whitley Rt. 1, Smithfield 

Roy Benjamin Williams Rt. 1, Elm City 



.'ISB Noiiiir Cakoi.tna Manual 

EI)K\TO\ HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
IJXJl, r. 10(H); 1963, c. 198 

Composition: Three ex-officio and not less than fifteen ap- 
pointed hy the Ciovernor. 

Ex-officio: 

John A. Mitchener, Jr., Mayor of Edenton Edenton 

W. E. Bond, Chairman, Chowan County Board 

of Commissioners _ Edenton 

H. G. Jones, Director, Dept. of Archives and History Raleigh 

Appointed : 

Robert Lee Humber, Chairman Greenville 

Mrs. Edward G. Bond Edenton 

A. C. Boyce Edenton 

Mrs. S. N. Clark Tarboro 

Richard D. Dixon, Jr Edenton 

Mrs. F. B. Drane Edenton 

Mrs. Carrie M. Earnhardt Edenton 

Mrs. E. N. Elliott Tyner 

B. Warner Evans Rt. 1, Edenton 

John W. Graham Edenton 

J. Welch Harriss High Point 

Richard H. Howland Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. John A. Kramer Edenton 

Mrs. Lena M. Leary Edenton 

Mrs. J. Harold Lineberger Belmont 

Mrs. Joseph C. Mason Winston-Salem 

Elizabeth V. Moore Edenton 

Mrs. Pembroke Nash Tarboro 

Mrs. Trent Ragland, Jr Raleigh 

Mrs. W. B. Rosevear Edenton 

Mrs. K. S. Trowbridge Plymouth 

James Webb Greensboro 

Mrs. J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

J. Gilliam Wood Edenton 

A. L. Honeycutt Raleigh 

Loyd Griffin Edenton 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 357 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

North Carolina Constitution, Art. IX, sec. 8; 1955, c. 1372 

G. S. 115-2 

Composition: Thirteen members. Three ex-officio; ten ap- 
pointed by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assmbly. 

H. Patrick Taylor, ex-officio Wadesboro 

Edwin Gill, ex-officio Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Secretary ex-officio Raleigh 

W. D. Herring, Chairman Rose Hill 

Neill A. Rosser Raleigh 

J. A. Pritchett, Vice Chairman Windsor 

G. D. Aitken Charlotte 

R. Barton Hayes Lenoir 

Charles E. Jordan Durham 

William R. Lybrook Winston-Salem 

John M. Reynolds Asheville 

Harold L. Trigg Salisbury 

Mrs. Forrest Lockey, Jr Aberdeen 

THE EDUCATION COMMISSION OF THE STATES 
1967, c. 1020; G. S. 115-349 

Composition: Seven members representing each state, the 
Governor, two members of the General Assembly elected by the 
respective houses and four appointed by the Governor. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor Raleigh 

Frank R. Penn Reidsville 

C. Graham Tart Clinton 

J. Ruffin Bailey Raleigh 

Dr. Lewis C. Dowdy Greensboro 

George Watts Hill, Jr Durham 

James L. Whitfield Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF HIGHER EDUCATION 
1955, c. 1186; 1965, c. 1096; 1969, c. 400; G. S. 116-156 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, four 
selected by the Boards of Trustees of State supported senior col- 



358 North Carolina Manual 

leges, two selected by the Board of Trustees of University of 
North Carolina and seven ex-officio. 

Governor Robert W. Scott, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Watts Hill, Jr Durham 

Gordon H. Greemf^^ood Black Mountain 

William B. Rankin Lincolnton 

Clarence Watkins Reidsville 

W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh 

Mrs. Harry P. Horton, Secretary Pittsboro 

J. P. Huskins Statesville 

J. Paul Lucas Charlotte 

Dr. Hubert M. Poteat, Jr Smithfield 

John A. Pritchett Windsor 

Einil Rosenthal Goldsboro 

Vacancy 

Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 

Dr. Isaac H. Miller, Jr Greensboro 

Mrs. George D. Wilson Fayetteville 

Lindsay C. Warren, Jr., ex-officio Goldsboro 

Ralph H. Scott, ex-officio Haw River 

J. Russell Kirby, ex-officio Wilson 

Samuel H. Johnson, ex-officio Raleigh 

Thorne Gregory, ex-officio Scotland Neck 

C. E. Leatherman, ex-officio Lincolnton 

Cameron P. West, Director Raleigh 



BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF STATE EDUCATION 
ASSISTANCE AUTHORITY 

1965, c. 1180; G. S. 116-303 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Victor E. Bell, Jr Raleigh 

George Watts Hill, Jr Durham 

J. Russell Kirby Wilson 

Roger Gant, Jr Glen Haven 

H. Edmunds White Davidson 

Mrs. Carrie W. Harper Greensboro 

Arthur D. Wenger Wilson 



GOVEatNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 359 

STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 

Rev. 4300; 1901, c. 89; 1933, c. 165; 1953, c. 428; 1967, c. 775; 

C. S. 5921; G. S. 163-19 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Lee C. Smith, Chairman Raleigh 

John G. Clark Greenville 

Mrs. Robert W. Proctor Marion 

Hiram H. Ward Denton 

Paul Osborne Wilkesboro 

Alex K. Brock, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

E.\. 1936, c. 1, s. 10; 1941, c. 108, s. 10; 1941, c. 279, ss. 1-3; 
1943, c. 377, s. 15; 1947, c. 598; G. S. 96-3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor 

Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Raleigh 

Harold F. Coffey Lenoir 

R. Dave Hall Belmont 

Dr. J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

Billy Earl Andrews Durham 

Charles L. Hunley Monroe 

Samuel Farris Teague Raleigh 

EUGENICS BOARD OF NORTH CAROLINA 

1933, c. 224; 1957, c, 1357; 1959, c. 1019; 1963, c. 1166; 

G. S. 35-40 

Composition: Five members, all ex-officio under above act. 

Clifton M. Craig, Commissioner State Board of 

Public Welfare, Chairman Raleigh 

Dr. Jacob Koomen, State Health Director Raleigh 

Dr. R. L. Rollins, Jr., Superintendent of Dorothea 

Dix Hospital Raleigh 

Dr. Eugene A. Hargrove, Commissioner of Mental Health, 

State Department of Mental Health Raleigh 

Robert Morgan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Mrs. Sue L. Casebolt, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



360 North Carolina Manual 

EXECUTIVE MANSION FINE ARTS COMMISSION 
1967, c. 273; G. S. 143-409 

Composition: Sixteen members appointed by the Governor. 

Thomas S. Kenan, III Durham 

Mrs. Robert W. Scott Raleigh 

Mrs. James H. Semans, Chairman Durham 

Charles W. Stanford, Jr Raleigh 

Henry A. Foscue High Point 

Ralph P. Hanes Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Philip Howerton Matthews 

Mrs. William T. Joyner, Jr Raleigh 

Leslie N. Boney, Jr Wilmington 

Mrs. Frank H. Keener Asheville 

Mrs. John Harden Greensboro 

James Wesley York Raleigh 

Mrs. Jack H. Brown Greensboro 

Mrs. James J. Harris Charlotte 

Mrs. John A. Kellenberger Greensboro 

Mrs. William H. Williamson, III Charlotte 

NORTH CAROLINA FIREMEN'S PENSION FUND 
1957, c. 1420; 1959, c. 1212; G. S. 118-19 

Composition: Five members. Two ex-officio and three ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Edwin S. Lanier, Commissioner of Insurance, 

ex-officio, Chairman Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, ex-officio Raleigh 

B. C. Gibson Charlotte 

I. M. Warren Plymouth 

H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 

James R. Jamison, Jr. Charlotte 

G. E. Summerlin, III, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

FRYING PAN LIGHTSHIP MARINE MUSEUM COMMISSION 
1967, c. 1216; G. S. 143-369.1 

Composition: Seven members, two appointed by the Governor 
and five appointed by the Board of Aldermen of the City of 
Southport. 



GOVErBNMEINTAL BOABDS AND COMMISSIONS 361 

C. Bion Sears Whiteville 

Hugh MacRae, II Wilmington 

Eugene B. Tomlinson, Jr., Mayor, City of Southport Southport 

Dr. Rudolph Jones Fayetteville 

James P. Furpless Raleigh 

J. Elsie Webb Rockingham 

C. R. Minges Lumberton 

GASOLINE AND OH. INSPECTION BOARD 
1937, c. 425, s. 9; 1941, c. 220; 1949, c. 1167; G. S. 119-26 

Composition: Five members. Two ex-officio, three appointed 
by the Governor. 
James A. Graham, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

John I. Moore, Secretary, ex-officio Raleigh 

W. A. Cobb Ruffin 

David W. Royster, Sr Shelby 

Robert E. Allison Waynesville 

GENERAL STATUTES COMMISSION 

1945, c. 157; 1947, c. 114; 1967, c. 17; 1967, c, 1230; 

G. S. 164-14 

Composition: Nine members appointed as follows: One by the 
President of the North Carolina State Bar, one by the General 
Statutes Commission, one each by the Deans of the Law Schools 
of Duke, Wake Forest, and the University of North Carolina; one 
each by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the 
House; and two by the Governor. 

H. G. Hudson, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Charles H. Livengood, Jr., Vice Chairman Durham 

Frank W. Hanft Chapel Hill 

Dr. Hugh W. Divine Winston-Salem 

Thomas L. Young Rocky Mount 

Thomas E. Strickland Goldsboro 

John J. Burney, Jr Wilmington 

R. Bruce White, Jr Durham 

J. Max Thomas Marshville 

Sidney S. Eagles, Jr., ex-officio. Secretary Raleigh 



362 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA GOOD NEIGHBOR COUNCIL 
1J)67, c. 002; G. S. 143-416 

Composition: Twenty members appointed by the Governor. 

Fred L. Cooper, Chairman Murfreesboro 

Frederick Douglas Alexander Charlotte 

Andrew Arthur Best Greenville 

Dr. James E. Cheek Raleigh 

Mrs. Charles E. Dameron, Jr Asheville 

J. Marse Grant Raleigh 

Mrs. Geneva B. Hamilton Goldsboro 

Millard Samuel Hayworth Rocky Mount 

English Jones Pembroke 

Ray A. Killian Charlotte 

J. W. Pate. Jr Fayetteville 

William Kellon Quick Greenville 

Marshall Arthur Ranch Gastonia 

Carl H. Russell, Sr Winston-Salem 

Robert B. Spivey Windsor 

John Sylvester Stewart Durham 

James T. Taylor Durham 

Floyd C. Trexler Hickory 

Lawrence C. McSwain Kings Mountain 

George H. Panton Raleigh 



GOVERNOR'S COMMITTEE ON LAW AND ORDER 

1067, c. 65; 1060, c. 57; G. S. 143-400 

Composition: Twenty-six members, twelve ex-officio and four- 
teen appointed by the Governor. 

Ex-officio: 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

Robert Morgan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Charles J. Dunn, Jr., Director, State Bureau 

Investigation Raleigh 

Colonel Charles A. Speed, Commander Highway Patrol_Raleigh 
Dr. W. L. Turner, Director, Department of 

Administration Raleigh 

Fred L. Cooper, Chairman of Good Neighbor Council Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 363 

Major General Claude T. Bowers, Adjutant General, 

National Guard Raleigh 

Joe W. Garrett, Commissioner of Motor Vehicles Raleigh 

Bert M. Montague, Director of Administrative Office 

of the Courts Raleigh 

V. L. Bounds, Commissioner of Correction Raleigh 

Wade E. Brown, Chairman, Board of Paroles Raleigh 

William H. Gibson, Director, Probation Commission Raleigh 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Carl H. Axsom Wentworth 

Philip L. Paul Washington 

Emerson Hall Fayetteville 

Judge Frank M. Armstrong Troy 

Judge Mary Gaither Whitener Hickory 

Thomas D. Cooper, Jr Burlington 

Blaine M. Madison Raleigh 

Allen A. Bailey Charlotte 

John T. Morrisey Raleigh 

John M. Gold Winston-Salem 

Fred D. Alexander Charlotte 

M. Hugh Thompson Durham 

Vacancy 
Vacancy 
Charles E. Clement, Executive Director Raleigh 

GOVERNOR'S EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE ON THE 
EMPLOYMENT OP THE HANDICAPPED 

1961, V. 981; G. S. 143-283.5 

Composition: Twenty members. Five ex-officio and fifteen 
appointed by the Governor. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, Honorary Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Frank Crane, Commissioner of Labor, ex-officio Raleigh 

Edwin S. Lanier, Commissioner of Insurance, ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry E. Kendall, Chairman, Employment Security 

Commission, ex-officio Raleigh 

Claude A. Myer, Director, Vocational Rehabilitation, 

ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Joseph E. Bryson Greensboro 



3 64 North Carolina Manttai, 

John n. ITatfield Greensboro 

G. Maurice Hill Morganton 

John A. Tate, Jr Charlotte 

Edwin E. Kirton Greensboro 

Louie Woodbury, Jr Wilmington 

Gary C. Davis High Point 

Stanley Frank, Vice Chairman Greensboro 

William H. Ruffin Durham 

Dr. James H. Semans Durham 

Stephen H. Van Every, Chairman Charlotte 

I\Irs. James T. Chappell Candler 

Henry Belk Goldsboro 

Mrs. Robert Boyd Lindsay Chapel Hill 

Fred D. Hauser Winston-Salem 

Robert William Watkins Boone 

James S. Massenburg, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA GOVERNOR'S COORDINATING 
( OUNCEL ON AGING 

1965, c. f)77; G. S. 14:J-283.11 

Composition: Twenty-one members. Thirteen ex-officio, seven 
appointed by the Governor and one appointed by the President of 

N. C. Medical Society. 

Roy Rowe, Chairman Burgaw 



Dr. William L. Turner, ex-officio Rale 

Clifton M. Craig, ex-officio Rale 

Dr. Jacob Koomen, ex-officio Rale 

Dr. Eugene A. Hargrove, ex-officio Rale 

Philip S. Ogilvie, ex-officio Rale 

Ralph Andrews, ex-officio Rale 

Henry E. Kendall, ex-officio Rale 

Braxton Warner, ex-officio Rale 

Frank Crane, ex-officio Rale 

Craig Phillips, ex-officio Rale 

J. E. Miller, ex-officio Rale 

Dr. W. Fred Mayes, ex-officio Rale 

Dr. George Hyatt, Jr., ex-officio Rale 

Mrs. Edith B. Chance Fayettev 



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Dr. Willis D. Weatherford Black Mountain 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 365 

Dr. Lewis C. Dowdy Greensboro 

Dr. John S. Rhodes Raleigh 

Mrs. E. Lee Jones Hamlet 

Dr. Edgar T. Beddingfield, Jr Stantonsburg 

Dr. Ewald W. Busse Durham 

NORTH CAROLINA HEALTH INSURANCE 
ADVISORY BOARD 

1961, c. 1044; 1967, c. 634; G. S. 58-262.2 

Composition: Ten members. One ex-officio and nine appoint- 
ed by the Governor. 

Edwin S. Lanier, Commissioner of Insurance, ex-officio — Raleigh 

Dr. Frank W. Jones Newton 

Micou F. Browne Raleigh 

Joseph E. Barnes, Secretary Raleigh 

Hubert F. Ledford Raleigh 

Arthur W. Clark Durham 

C. B. Sessoms Durham 

O. F. Stafford Greensboro 

Mrs. Norman P. Stone Winston-Salem 

Earl Henry Tate Lenoir 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

Rev. s. 4435; Code, s. 2875; 1879, c. 177, s. 1; 1885, c. 237, s. 1; 

1893, c. 241, s. 1; 1911, c. 62, s. 1; 1931, c. 177, s. 1; 

1945, c. 281; C. S. 7048; G. S. 130-1 

Composition: Nine members. Five appointed by the Governor, 
four elected by the Medical Society. 

Dr. James S. Raper, President Asheville 

Dr. Lenox D. Baker, Vice President Durham 

Dr. Ben W. Dawsey Gastonia 

Ernest A. Randleman, Jr Mt. Airy 

Dr. Paul F. Maness Burlington 

Dr. A P. Cline, Sr Canton 

Dr. Joseph S. Hiatt, Jr Pinehurst 

J. M. Lackey Hiddenite 

Dr. Howard Paul Steiger Charlotte 



366 North Carolina Manual 

STATE HIGHWAY CX)MMTSSION 

19;$.% c. 172; 1935, c. 257; 1937, c. 297; 1941, c. 57; 1945, 

c. 895; 195;$, c. 115; 1957, c. 65; 1961, c. 232; 1965, c, 55; 

1965,f. 1054; 1969, c. 237; G. S. 136-1 

Composition: Twenty-four members appointed by the Gov- 
ernor. 

D. McLauchlin Faircloth, Chairman Clinton 

Don Matthews, Jr Hamilton 

W. Wilson Exum Snow Hill 

Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 

Carl Renfro Wilson 

J. B. Brame Durham 

Carl Meares Fair Bluff 

Thomas S. Harrington Leaksville 

John F. McNair, Ul Laurinburg 

George L. Hundley Thomasville 

George H. Broadrick Charlotte 

Raymond Smith Mount Airy 

W. B. Garrison Gastonia 

James G. Stikeleather, Jr Asheville 

W. Curtis Russ Waynesville 

(Additional members to be appointed) 

HISTORIC BATH COMMISSION 
1959, c. 1005 

Composition: Twenty-eight members, three ex-officio and 
twenty-five appointed by the Governor. 

Ray Brooks, ex-officio Bath 

Dr. H. G. Jones, ex-officio Raleigh 

Jake Van Gyzen, ex-officio Washington 

Milo L. Gibbs, Treasurer Washington 

Dr. Herbert R. Paschal Greenville 

Daniel Murray Paul Atlanta, Ga. 

Elizabeth W. Thompson Raleigh 

Mrs. Mary W. Venters Bath 

William Harold Butt Charleston, S. C. 

Russell Clark Tarboro 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 367 

Grayson H. Harding Edenton 

Mrs. John W. Labouisse Durham 

Edmund H. Harding, Chairman Washington 

Mrs. Fred W. Morrison, Vice Chairman Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. Archie Burrus Manteo 

Mrs. Robert G. Hayes Concord 

Mrs. G. W. Marsh Bath 

Mrs. William W. Studdert Greensboro 

Mrs. Philip P. Godwin Gatesville 

Mrs. Thorne Gregory Scotland Neck 

Mrs. W. R. Roberson, Jr Washington 

Mrs. William Rumley, Jr Washington 

Wayland J. Sermons Washington 

Captain Henry C. Bridgers Tarboro 

Mrs. William P. Mayo Washington 

Alexander C. D. Noe Bath 

Col. C. Wingate Road Washington 

Mrs. Walter Stearns Raleigh 



HISTORIC HILLSBOROUGH COMIVnSSION 
1963, c. 196 

Composition: Five ex-officio members and not less than fif- 
teen appointed by the Governor. , , 

Fred S. Gates, ex-officio Hillsborough 

Carl Smith, ex-officio Chapel Hill 

Betty J. Hayes, ex-officio Hillsborough 

Franks Frederick, ex-officio Hillsborough 

Dr. H. G. Jones, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Charles H. Blake Hillsborough 

Chandler H. Gates Hillsborough 

E. Wilson Cole Hillsborough 

Mrs. John W. Labouisse Durham 

James G. W. MacLamroc Greensboro 

Dr. Henry W. Moore Hillsborough 

Dr. Robert J. Murphy Hillsborough 

Bonner Sawyer Hillsborough 

Dr. Hunter Sweaney Durham 

Rebecca B. Wall Hillsborough 



368 North Carolina Manual 

IMangum Weeks Virginia 

Hugh Conway Browning Rt. 1, Hillsborough 

Mrs. Fred Cates, Jr Hillsborough 

James H. Coman, Jr Hillsborough 

ATary Belle Forrest Hillsborough 

Alexander Hawkins Graham Hillsborough 

Joe P. Hughes Hillsborough 

Mrs. S. R. Prince Reidsville 

James Webb Greensboro 

Mrs. Lyman A. Cotten Chapel Hill 

Mrs. D. St. Pierre Dubose Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Alfred G. Engstrom Hillsborough 

Edwin J. Hamlin Hillsborough 

Frank H. Kenan Durham 

L. J. Phipps, Chairman Chapel Hill 

Mrs. L. Richardson Preyer Greensboro 

Richard Walser Raleigh 

C. W. Stanford, Jr Raleigh 

Lucius M. Cheshire Hillsborough 



HISTORIC MURPREESBORO COMMISSION 
1967, c. 18 

Composition: Thirty-four members, four ex-officio and thirty 
appointed by the Governor. 

Richard T. Vann, ex-officio Murfreesboro 

Dr. Bruce E. Whitaker, ex-officio Murfreesboro 

Hunter Sharp, Jr., ex-officio Ahoskie 

Dr. H. G. Jones, ex-officio Raleigh 

Micou F. Browne Raleigh 

Arthur J. P. Edwards Raleigh 

H. L. Evans, Jr Murfreesboro 

Joseph M. Parker Ahoskie 

Dr. Thomas C. Parramore Raleigh 

W. S. Tarlton Raleigh 

Archie K. Davis Winston-Salem 

Charles J. Dunn Raleigh 

Thomas C. Ellis Raleigh 

Mrs. John S. Lawrence Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 369 

Mrs. R. H. Underwood Murfreesboro 

Mrs. Lois Vann Wynn Murfreesboro 

Mrs. John Barrow Ahoskie 

Edwin P. Brown, Sr., Chairman Murfreesboro 

John W. Parker Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Lillian Robinson Littleton 

Harry W. Whitley Murfreesboro 

Helen Barnes Murfreesboro 

Walter C. Lackey Murfreesboro 

Frank H. Kenan Durham 

Clarence Parker Rt. 1, Woodland 

E. Frank Stephenson, Jr Murfreesboro 

Dr. Gilbert T. Stephenson Pendleton 

Mrs. Carol Grotnes Belk Charlotte 

John W. Catling Asheville 

Mrs. Mildred Vann Godwin Raleigh 

Mrs. Margaret T. Harper Southport 

Bob F. Hill Murfreesboro 

Mrs. O. W. Pittman Ahoskie 



HISTORIC SWANSBOROUGH COMMISSION ,, 

1963, c. 607; G. S. 143-204.5 

Composition: Three ex-officio and not less than fifteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Linwood Williams, ex-officio Swansboro 

H. E. Williams, ex-officio Jacksonville 

Dr. H. G. Jones, ex-officio Raleigh 

Mrs. Clara P. Baker Swansboro 

Mrs. W. Carroll Bryan Jacksonville 

Martha Bell Conway Richmond, Virginia 

Lyman A. Gotten Chapel Hill 

Percy G. Grant Holly Ridge 

Harry V. Hamilton Cedar Point 

J. L. Huff Swansboro 

Mrs. B. B. C. Kesler : Richlands 

Tucker R. Littleton Swansboro 

Mrs. Daisy S. Moore Swansboro 

Alice Noble Chapel Hill 



370 NoKTTi Carolina Manual 

Dr. Percival Perry Winston-Salem 

F. C. Salisbury Morehead City 

Mrs. MaBelle Smith Raleigh 

Mrs. Mary Ward Smith Swansboro 

Mrs. J. O. Tally, Jr. Fayetteville 

Carl E. Weeks Swansboro 

W. G. Womble, Jr Raleigh 

HISTORIC SITES ADVISORY COMMITTEE 
196;5, c. 210; G. S. 121-8.1 

Composition: Seven members. Four ex-officio and three ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Dr. C. O. Cathey, ex-officio Chapel Hill 

G. Andrew Jones, Jr., ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry L. Kamphoefner, ex-officio Raleigh 

Roy G. Sowers, Jr., ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. H. G. Jones, Secretary, ex-officio Raleigh 

Ray Wilkinson Raleigh 

James McClure Clarke Asheville 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Wilson 



NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

1929, c. 120, s. 51; 1931, c. 274, s. 8; G. S. 97-77 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. W. Bean, Chairman Spencer 

Forrest H. Shuford, II Raleigh 

Wm. F. Marshall, Jr Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA INSURANCE ADVISORY BOARD 
1945, c. 383; G. S. 58-27.1 

Composition: Seven members. One ex-officio and six appoint- 
ed by the Governor. 

Edwin S. Lanier, Commissioner of Insurance, 

Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 



GOVE^RNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 371 

Edwin McCracken Haynes Canton 

H. P. Mobley Williamston 

Larry P. Eagles Tarboro 

W. W. Forehand Shiloh 

R. G. Deyton Raleigh 

Max O. Welborn Yadkinville 



INTERDE1»ARTMENTAL BUILDING REGULATIOX 

COMMITTEE 

1957, c. 978; G. S. 143-143.1 

Composition: Seven members. (All ex-officio under act.) 

R. G. Bourne, Chairman, Dept. of Administration Raleigh 

J. L. Pierce, Vice Chairman, Dept. of Public Instruction _Raleigh 

Lewis P. Sorrell, Dept. of Labor Raleigh 

Bruce K. Jones, Medical Care Commission Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, Board of Health Raleigh 

Louis Christian, Board of Public Welfare Raleigh 

Kern E. Church, Secretary, Dept. of Insurance Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA COMMISSION ON 
INTERSTATE CO-OPERATION 

1937, c, 374; 1947, c. 578; 1959, c. 137; 1961, c. 1108; 
1965, c. 866; G. S. 143-178 

Composition: Eleven members. Three administrative officials 
appointed by the Governor, President of the Senate, Speaker of the 
House of Representatives, three senators appointed by the Presi- 
dent of the Senate and three representatives appointed by the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

H. Patrick Taylor, Jr., President of the Senate Wadesboro 

Earl W. Vaughn, Speaker of the House Eden 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Roy G. Sowers, Jr Sanford 

David P. Murray Raleigh 

Irvin Aldridge Yanceyville 



372 North Carolina Manual 

Senate appointments: 

Appointment to be made 
Appointment to be made 
Appointment to be made 

House appointments: 

Joe E. Eagles Macclesfield 

Thorne Gregory Scotland Neck 

W. Marcus Short Greensboro 



INTERSTATE MINING COUNCIX. 
1967, c. 946; G. S. 74-38 

Composition: Thirteen members. State Geologist, Chairman 
of the Laboratory Advisory Committee of N. C. State University 
Minerals Research Laboratory, Chairman of the Minerals Re- 
search Committee of the State Board of Conservation and De- 
velopment. Eight members appointed by the Governor. One 
member of the State Senate appointed by the Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor and one member of the House of Representatives appointed 
by the Speaker. 

Ben Robinson Spruce Pine 

John Graham Raleigh 

Bruce Silvis Spruce Pine 

Dr. Arthur Cooper Raleigh 

Dr. Ralph McCracken Raleigh 

P. Greer Johnson Asheville 

S. Vernon Stevens, Jr Broadway 

Dr. Henry Smith Raleigh 

John K. Barrow, Jr Ahoskie 

Stephen G. Conrad, Secretary Raleigh 

Liston B. Ramsey Marshall 

J. Ruffin Bailey Raleigh 

Vacancy 



GOVKKNMEXTAI, BOAKDS AN[> COMMISSIONS 373 

NORTH CAROLINA JUDICIAL COUNCIL 
1953, c. 74; G. S. 7-448 

Composition: Fourteen members. One member of Supreme 
Court, two judges of the Superior Court, one member of Attorney 
General's Office, two Solicitors from Superior Court and eight 
additional members, two of whom shall be appointed by the 
Governor, one by the President of the Senate, one by the Speaker 
of the House, and four by the Council of the North Carolina 
State Bar. 

William H. Bobbitt, Chairman Raleigh 

Henry A. McKinnon, Jr Lumberton 

Millard R. Rich, Jr Raleigh 

Sam J. Ervin, HI Morganton 

James E. Ramsey Roxboro 

John C. Kesler Salisbury 

Thomas D. Cooper, Jr Burlington 

C. Frank Griffin Monroe 

M. C. Boyette Carthage 

Frank H. Watson Spruce Pine 

Bonner D. Sawyer Hillsborough 

W. Marion Allen Elkin 

W. E. Timberlake Lumberton 

W. B. Sabiston, Jr Carthage 

Frank W. Bullock, Jr., Executive Secretary Raleigh 



STATE BOARD OF JUVENILE CORRECTION 

1943, f. 776, s. 1; 194.5, c. 847; 1947, c. 226; 1963, c. 914; 
1949, c. 1052; G. S. 134-90* 

Composition: Ten members. One ex-officio, nine appointed by 
the Governor. 

Clifton M. Craig, Commissioner Department of 

Public Welfare, ex-officio Raleigh 

C. A. Dillon. Chairman Raleigh 

James M. Fraley Statesville 

John C. Jones Fayetteville 

Joseph W. Nordan Raleigh 



8 7 4 NoKTH Cakolina Manitai, 

Shannon T. Lambeth Greensboro 

Mrs. John L. Frye Robbins 

T. Clyde Auman, Vice Chairman West End 

Mrs. C. L. Gilliatt Shelby 

Steed Rollins Durham 

Dr. Charles F. Strosnider (Emeritus) Goldsboro 

Blaine M. Madison. Commissioner Raleigh 

*(Ttii.s Hoard ha.s the .ManaKenu'iit of thf Stiiru'wall .lackson School. .TuvciiiK' 
Kvaluation Center, ('. A. Dillon School, Richaiil T. Fountain Scliool, Samarkand 
Manor, Cameron Morrison School, State Training Scliool for (iirls and Samuel 
lieoiiiird Scliiiol. 

JOHN H. KERR RESERVOIR DEVELOPMENT COMIVHSSION 
1051, c. 444; 105:5, c. 1312; 1061, c. 650; G. S. 143-284 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor. 

Ralph Andrews Raleigh 

Judson H. Evans Enfield 

J. O. Bishop Rocky Mount 

W. M. Fleming Manson 

J. C. Cooper, Sr Henderson 

Dr. William B. Tarry Oxford 

N. Warren Weldon, Chairman Stovall 

Robert Clyde Mitchell Manson 

Tom Harrington, Sr. Henderson 

A. Leonidas Hux Roanoke Rapids 

Henry M. Shaw, Jr Raleigh 

John T. Church Henderson 

THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE LAW 

ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' BENEFIT AND 

RETIREMENT FUND 

1037, c. 340, s. 8; 1030, c. 6; 1041, cc. 56, 157; 1043, c. 145; 
1040, c. 1055; 1051, c. 382; 1053, c. 883; G. S. 143-166 

Composition: Seven members. Three ex-officio, four appointed 
by the Governor. 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman, ex-ofificio Raleigh 

Edwin S. Lanier, State Insurance Commissioner, 

Secretary, ex-officio Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 375 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, ex-officio Raleigh 

W. A. McCall Charlotte 

T. Dale Johnson Newton 

E. C. Guy Raleigh 

Travis H. Clements Durham 

E. B. Dixon, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



LEGISLATIVE BUILDING GOVERNING COMMISSION 
1963, c. 1; G. S. 129-17.1 

Composition: Six members. Two ex-officio, two senators ap- 
pointed by President of the Senate and two representatives ap- 
pointed by Speaker of the House of Representatives. ~ 

H. Patrick Taylor, Jr., President of the Senate, 

ex-officio Wadesboro 

Earl W. Vaughn, Speaker of the House of 

Representatives, ex-officio Eden 

Appointed by President of the Senate: 
Appointments to be made 

Appointed by Speaker of the House of Representatives: 

Samuel Johnson Raleigh 

Kenneth C. Royall, Jr. Durham 



LEGISLATIVE RESEARCH COMMISSION 
1965, c. 1045; G. S. 120-30.10 

Composition: Twelve members. Two ex-officio, five senators 
appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate and five 
representatives appointed by the Speaker of the House. 

Earl W. Vaughn, Speaker of the House, ex-officio Eden 

N. Hector McGeachy, Jr., President Pro Tempore of 

Senate, ex-officio Fayetteville 

(Appointment of members from House and Senate to be made 
within fifteen days subsequent to adjournment of Regular Session 
of the General Assembly.) 



3 7 6 North Carolina Manual 

STATE LIBRARY BOARD 

lOOf), <•. 878; 1053, c. 1102; 1055, c. 505; C. S. 6507; G. S. 125-3 

Composition: Eight members. Two ex-officio, six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Craig Phillips, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Jerrold Orne, ex-officio Chapel Hill 

Mrs. James B. Neal Hickory 

Dr. Mark M. Lindsey, Chairman Hamlet 

Mrs. Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville 

Mrs. T. T. Potter Beaufort 

Paul S. Ballance Winston-Salem 

Richard C. Erwin Winston-Salem 

LOCAIv GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 
10;J1, c. 60, s. 7; 10;il, ('. 206, s. 8; 10;33, c. 31, s. 1; G. S. 150-3 

Composition: Nine members. Four ex-officio, five appointed 
by the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Thad Eure. Secretary of State, ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges. State Auditor, ex-officio Raleigh 

Ivie L. Clayton, Commissioner of Revenue, ex-officio Raleigh 

J. Paul Wallace Troy 

J. Weldon Weir Asheville 

Dr. John R. Gamble, Jr Lincolnton 

Basil L. Sherrill Raleigh 

Earl H. Tate Lenoir 

Harlan E. Boyles, Secretary Raleigh 

LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL EMPIiOYEES RETIREMENT 

SYSTEM 

10;J8, c. 300, s. 8; 1041, c. ;J57, s. 6; 1043, c. 535; 1045, c. 526; 

1047, c. 250; G. S. 128-28 

Composition: Ten members. Two ex-officio, eight appointed 
by the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 



GOVEBNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 377 

Craig Phillips. Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, ex-officio Raleigh 

James H. Counclll Boone 

E. O. Falkner Henderson 

Donald R. Lineberger Brevard 

Sterling C. Manning Raleigh 

Dr. John W. Pou Greenville 

Mrs. Wincy J. Rooker Monroe 

Guy Smith, Jr Laurinburg 

S. M. Gattis Hillsborough 

J. E. Miller, Director Raleigh 

MEDICAL ADVISORY COUNCIL TO THE STATE 
BOARD OF MENTAL HEALTH 

1963, c. 668; G. S. 35-70 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Hazel Zealy, Chairman Goldsboro 

Dr. William Anlyan Durham 

Dr. S. P. Gay Greensboro 

Dr. Robert H. Greene Charlotte 

Dr. Joseph D. Mayo, Jr Henderson 

Dr. John L. IMcCain Wilson 

Dr. Manson Meads Winston-Salem 

Dr. John C. Reece Morganton 

Dr. John S. Rhodes Raleigh 

Dr. Isaac M. Taylor Chapel Hill 

Dr. Leon W. Robertson Rocky Mount 

Dr. William K. Craig Enfield 

Dr. C. G. Garrenton Bethel 

Dr. T. D. Slagle Sylva 

Dr. Frank N. Sullivan Wilson 

NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 
1045, <. 1096; 1963, c. 325; 1965, c. 16; G. S. 131-117 

Composition: Twenty members. Two ex-officio, eighteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Edwin N. Brower, Sr., Chairman Hope Mills 



378 North Carolina Manual 

Dr. J. Street Brewer Roseboro 

Paul W. Bumbarger, Jr Hickory 

Dr. Eugene Cross, Jr. Marion 

Dr. Harold B. Kernodle Burlington 

J. B. Clenience Salisbury 

Thomas R. Howerton Wilson 

Mrs. Margaret B. Dolan Chapel Hill 

Dr. Powell G. Fox Raleigh 

Dr. Henry O. Lineberger, Jr Raleigh 

Dr. William D. James Hamlet 

H. C. McAllister Chapel Hill 

Marshall I. Pickens Charlotte 

Dr. Hugh F. IMcManus, Jr Raleigh 

John C. Whitaker Winston-Salem 

Dr. William Raney Stanford Durham 

Dr. Paul F. Whitaker Kinston 

Carl P. Worley, Jr Selma 

Dr. Jacob Koomen, State Health Director, ex-officio Raleigh 

Clifton M. Craig, State Commissioner of Public 

Welfare, ex-officio Raleigh 

William F. Henderson, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



STATE ADVISORY COUNCIL 
TO THE X. C. MEDICAL CARE COMIVHSSION 

1!)45, c. lODO; 1047, c. 933; 1949, c. 1019; G. S. 131-120 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. W. T. Armstrong Rocky Mount 

Charles A. Cannon Concord 

Dr. W. Ralph Deaton, Jr Greensboro 

Mrs. Carrie T. Phelps Creswell 

James P. Richardson Charlotte 

COUNCIL ON MENTAL RETARDATION 
1963, c. 669; G. S. 35-73 

Composition: Eighteen members appointed by the Governor. 
Ralph H. Scott, Chairman Haw River 



GOVEaiiN^MENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 379 

Dr. Courtland H. Davis, Jr., Vice Chairman Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Helen C. Wilson Morganton 

Sam M. Bason Yanceyville 

Dr. Harrie R. Chamberlin Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Mary Faye Brumby Murphy 

Dr. Dorothy Park Griffin Raleigh 

Dr. Sam O. Cornwell Raleigh 

Dr. Theodore D. Scurletis Raleigh 

Reginald S. Wilson Burlington 

Edgar W. Lakin Charlotte 

Nile F. Hunt Raleigh 

Taylor R. Kennerly Greensboro 

Blaine M. Madison Raleigh 

.Jack M. Euliss Burlington 

Mrs. Rufus W. Reynolds Greensboro 

Harold L. Trigg Salisbury 

Charles E. Waddell Asheville 



STATE BOARD OF MENTAL HEALTH 
1068, r. 1166; G. S. 122-1.1 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

E. L. Rankin, Jr., Chairman Raleigh 

H. Patrick Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 

W. P. Kemp. Vice Chairman Goldsboro 

D. W. rioyster. Vice Chairman Shelby 

R. V. Liles _ Wadesboro 

Dr. Vates S. Palmer Valdese 

Dr. .John R. Kernodle Burlington 

Mrs. J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson 

Dr. Samuel L. Elfmon Fayetteville 

Dr. Carl D. Killian CuUowhee 

Frank G. Umstead Chapel Hill 

J. Garner Bagnal, Vice Chairman Statesville 

Dr. Bruce E. Whitaker Murfreesboro 

Frank R. Penn Reidsville 

Claude M. Hamrick Winston-Salem 



3 80 NdRTTi Cakoi.tna Manual 

THE MEMORTATvS C OIVOnSSION 
1041, c. 341; G. S. 100-1 

Composition: Five members all ex-officio. Governor, Secre- 
tary of N. C. Historical Commission, head of Art Department of 
U.N.C. at Chapel Hill, head of History Department of U.N.C. at 
Chapel Hill and head of Department of Architecture of North 
Carolina State University at Raleigh. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor Raleigh 

Dr. H. G. Jones Raleigh 

Dr. Jacob C. Sloane Chapel Hill 

Dr. James L. Godfrey Chapel Hill 

Dr. Henry L. Kamphoefner Raleigh 

JOHN IMOTLEY MOREHEAD MEMORIAL COMMTSSTOX 

1050, c. i;i08 

Composition: Nineteen members, four ex-officio, nine appoint- 
ed by Governor, three appointed by the Guilford County Board 
of Commissioners, and three appointed by the Greensboro City 
Council. 

Dr. H. G. Jones, Director. State Dept. of Archives 

and History, ex-officio Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Supt. of Public Instruction, ex-officio Raleigh 

Roy G. Sowers, Jr., Director, Dept. of Conservation 

and Development, ex-officio Raleigh 

Edwin Gill. Treasurer, ex-officio Raleigh 

Robert H. Frasier, Chairman Greensboro 

Orton A. Boren Greensboro 

Walter Gordon Latham Greensboro 

George H. Roach Greensboro 

Shannon T. Lambeth Greensboro 

Katherine H. Taylor Greensboro 

Arnold A. Schiffman Greensboro 

A. Earl Weatherly Greensboro 

Mrs. Mary Lyon Leak Caine Greensboro 

Elton Edwards Greensboro 

Henry Zenke Greensboro 

Mrs. William G. Ragsdale, Jr Jamestown 

Mrs. Mary Lewis Edmunds Greensboro 

Mrs. Fred M. Joyce High Point 



GOVERNMKNTAL Ro \K1)S AXI) COMMISSIONS 381 

NORTH (AROIjINA MILK COMMISSION 
1953, c. l;W8: 1055, o. 406; G. S. 106-266.7 

Composition: Nine members. One ex-officio. eight appointed 
by the Governor. 

James A. Graham, Commissioner of Agriculture, ex-officio Raleigh 

O. A. Swaringen. Chairman Concord 

Neil Bolton Winston-Salem 

Jessie P. Jones Charlotte 

William D. Cook Taylorsville 

George W. King Ayden 

JMrs. F. A. Needham Graham 

B. F, Nesbitt Fletcher 

Donald L. Paul New Bern 

J. V. Whitaker, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH ( AROLIXA MlNICIPALi BOARD OF CONTROL 

1017, c. 136, sub. c. 2, s. 4; 1935, c. 440; 1941, c. 97; 
C. S. 2779; G. S. 160-195 

Composition: Three members. All ex-officio under the Act. 
Robert Morgan, Attorney General, Chairman Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Secretary Raleigh 

Harry Wescott, Chairman Utilities Commission Raleigh 



ADVISORY COMMISSION FOR THE MUSEUM OF 
NATURAL HISTORY 

1961, c. 1180; G. S. 143-370 

Composition: Seven members ex-officio and three members ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

James A. Graham, Commissioner of Agriculture, ex-officio^Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Supt. of Public Instruction, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. A. F. Chestnut, Director, Institute of Fisheries 

Research of U. N. C, ex-officio Morehead City 

Ralph Winkworth, State Forester, ex-officio Raleigh 

Clyde P. Patton, Director, Wildlife Resources 

Commission, ex-officio . Raleigh 



38 2 North Carolina Manual 

Steven Conrad, State Geologist, ex-officio Raleigh 

William L. Hamnett, Director, Museum of Natural 

History, ex-officio. Secretary Raleigh 

Basil D. Barr, Chairman West Jefferson 

Micou F. Browne Raleigh 

Mrs. Roy E. Cooper Nashville 



NORTH CAROIJNA MUTUAL BURIAL ASSOCIATION 

COMMISSION 

19r>7, c. 1197; G. S. 58-224.1 

Composition: Five members. Three elected by the Mutual 
Burial Association operators, one elected by thp perpetual care 
cemetery operators and one appointed by the Governor. 

Dennis W. Moody, Chairman Mt. Airy 

Edwin B. Branch Enfield 

J. Bonner Paul _ Washington 

Walter D. Dafford. Jr Dunn 

R. Wilbur Hartman Walkertown 



NORTH ( AROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 
lJ).->8, c. 17; 1055, c. 867; G. S. 148-52 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Wade E. Brown, Chairman Raleigh 

Robert Weinstein Raleigh 

Vacancy 

STATE BOARD OF PENSIONS 
1921, c. 189, s. 1; C. S. 5168(a); G. S. 112-7 

Composition: Thi'ee members. All ex-officio under the above 
Act. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

Robert Morgan, Attorney General _ ^ _ Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 



GOVERTfMBNTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSTONS 38 3 

STATE l»ERSONNEL BOARD 
1!X{5, V. 640; G. S. 126-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Fred S. Royster, Chairman Henderson 

C. P. Reinhardt Drexel 

Dr. Lester F. Zerfoss Hendersonville 

Fred D. Hauser Winston-Salem 

R. B. Jordan, Jr Mt. Gilead 

Victor Jones Greensboro 

Mis. Margaret R. Seagroves Apex 

(Uaiide E. Caldwell, Director Raleigh 

\()KTH CAROLINA STATE PORTS AUTHORITY 

1945, V. 1O07; 1040, c. 802; 1053, c. 101; 1050, c. 523; 

ii. S. 143-216 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

E. N. Richards, Chairman Raleigh 

Henry L. Weathers Shelby 

\Vm. B. Glenn. Vice Chairman Greenville 

Lawrence Bowers Whiteville 

Lamar Gudger Asheville 

Kirkwood Adams Roanoke Rapids 

Frank H. Ross. Jr., Secretary Charlotte 

William Pharr McAdenville 

George Purvis Fayetteville 

STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 
1037, c. 132, s. 5; G. S. 15-201 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Clarence H. Patrick. Chairman Raleigh 

Jake A. Burgin Lincolnton 

William H. S. Burgwyn, Jr Woodland 

Robert B. Willson Asheville 

George M. Fountain Tarboro 

W. H. Gibson, Director Raleigh 



?,S,4 Noirrii Cauoi.txa Manitai. 

NOKTH ( AHOIylXA rUlil.H^ LIVESTOCK MARKET 
ADVISORY BOARD 

l!Hi7, (. 804; G. S. 100-407.1 

Composition: Eight iiieinbers appointed by the Conunissioner 
of Agriculture. 

Dr. T. F. Zweigart Raleigh 

William A. Wilder, Jr Knightdale 

Dr. W. E. Plummer Goldsboro 

Jack Messer Asheville 

J. T. Wooten Rocky Mount 

Douglas Curtis Greensboro 

James Wright Jackson Dunn 

R. Mack Peoples Oak Ridge 

THE STATE BOARD OF SOCIAL SERVICES 

Rrv. s. 101,'J; (ode s. 2331; 1868-9, c. 170, s. 2; 1009, c. 899; 

1917, c. 17(>, s. 1; 1937, c. 319, ,s. 1; 1943, c. 775, s. 1; 

1945, c. 43; 1969, c. 546; C. S. 5004; G. S, 108-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. Xeil Goodnight, Vice Chairman Charlotte 

Robert O. Ballance Manteo 

Robert L. Lyday Bryson City 

Mrs. Thomas E. Medlin Smithfield 

Dr. Bruce B. Blacknion Buies Creek 

Vacancy 
Vacancy 
Clifton M. Craig, Commissioner Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA RECREATION COMMISSION 

1945, c. 757, s. 3; 1963, c. 542; G. S. 143-207 

Composition: Ten members. Four ex-officio, six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Earle Wallace, Political Science Department, 

UNC, ex-officio Chapel Hill 

Carl Peters, President, N. C. Recreation 

Society, ex-officio Elkin 



GO^^RNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 385 

Charles S. Hubbard. Chairman Wilson 

Eric DeGroat Boone 

Mrs. Harriet Pressly Raleigh 

Wallace Tippett Louisburg 

Gus Percell Charlotte 

Dr. Leonard Robinson Greensboro 

Ralph J. Andrews, Director Raleigh 

ROANOKE ISLAND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION 

1945, c. 953; G. S. 143-200 

Composition: Twenty-four members. Three ex-officio, twen- 
ty-one appointed by the Association. 

Mrs. Fred W. Morrison, Chairman Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. Dan K. Moore, Vice Chairman Raleigh 

Mrs. J. E. Winslow Hertford 

Mrs. Burwell Evans, Secretary Manteo 

Chauncey S. Meekins, Treasurer Manteo 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, ex-officio Raleigh 

Robert Morgan, Attorney General, ex-officio Raleigh 

H. G. Jones, Director. Department of Archives 

and History, ex-officio Raleigh 

Mrs. L. Y. Ballentine Raleigh 

Mrs. W. B. Harrison Rocky Mount 

Huntington Cairns Washington, D. C. 

M. L. Daniels, Jr Manteo 

Walter R. Davis Midland, Texas 

J. Sibley Dorton Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Haywood Duke Greensboro 

Mrs. H. Dail Holderness Tarboro 

Mrs. William C. Friday Chapel Hill 

M. Keith Fearing, Jr Manteo 

Albert W. Card Elizabeth City 

Martin Kellogg, Jr., General Counsel Manteo 

Edwin Gill Raleigh 

Robert Mason _ Norfolk, Va. 

Mrs. Luther H. Hodges . Chapel Hill 

Edgar Loessin Greenville 

Sam Ragan Raleigh 

William S. Powell, Historian Chapel Hill 



386 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA RITIAL ELECTRIFICATION AUTHORITY 
1935. c. 288, s. 1; G. S. 117-1 

Composition: Six members appointed by the Governor. 

Owyn B. Price, Chairman Raleigh 

Thomas W. Allen Creedmoor 

Dr. S. H. Hobbs, Jr Chapel Hill 

Glenn C. Palmer Clyde 

Walter S. Smiley Macon 

W. Kitchen Benson Battleboro 



SAVINGS AND LOAN ADVISORY BOARD 

1067, c, 557; G. S. 54-24.1 

Composition: Seven members. Two ex-officio and five appoint- 
ed by the Governor. 

Edwin S. Lanier, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

W. Conrad York, Vice Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Thomas Woodley Heath, Jr. Kinston 

Maurice Fleishman Fayetteville 

Allen Thurman Powell, Jr Ahoskie 

Loyd Alexander Mullinax Newton 

Joseph Fleming Snipes Marion 



THE NORTH ( AROLINA BOARD OF SCIENCE AND 

TECHNOLOGY 

1903, c. 1006; 1967, c. 69; G. S. 143-379 

Composition: Sixteen members. One ex-officio and fifteen 
appointed by the Governor. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Paul M. Gross Durham 

Dr. Marcus E. Hobbs Durham 

Dr. John C. Morrow Chapel Hill 

Dr. William F. Little Chapel Hill 

David R. Jarema Raleigh 



G0VE:RN MENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 387 

Dr. Robert W. Truitt Raleigh 

George R. Herbert Durham 

Dr. George E. Nicholson Chapel Hill 

Dr. A. C. Menius, Jr Raleigh 

Adrian L. Shuford, Jr Conover 

Ralph W. Cummings Raleigh 

William S. Yeager Winston-Salem 

Dr. Bruce B. Allen Charlotte 

Elton Edwards Greensboro 

C. Frank Griffin Monroe 

Peter J. Chenery, Director Durham 



NORTH CAROLINA SEASHORE COMMISSION 
1963, c. 989; G. S. 143-384 

Composition: Twenty-eight members. Seven ex-officio and 
twenty-one appointed by the Governor. 

Ralph J. Andrews, ex-officio Raleigh 

William M. Hodges, ex-officio Raleigh 

Don Matthews, ex-officio Hamilton 

S. Vernon Stevens, Jr., ex-officio Broadway 

Frank B. Turner, ex-officio Raleigh 

Orville L. Woodhouse, ex-officio Grandy 

Oscar J. Sikes, Jr., ex-officio Albemarle 

Woodrow Price, Chairman Raleigh 

Earl Phillips, Vice Chairman High Point 

Arthur B. Bass Tarboro 

Charles Bass Jackson 

Frederic L. Cox Grifton 

William M. Cochrane Washington, D. C. 

Braxton B. Dawson Washington 

E. Ray Etheridge Elizabeth City 

Larry Forbes Shiloh 

Carroll H. Gillam Windsor 

E. Brooks Harris Henderson 

Winston Hill Atlantic 

Thomas B. Hord, Jr Lawndale 



38S NoKTTi Carolina Manual 

Courtney Mitchell, Jr Kinston 

Jim Mullen Hatteras 

Eugene Price Goldsboro 

J. V. Schweppe Shelby 

John Swindell Swan Quarter 

Mrs. Estelle Tillett Manteo 

Mrs. George M. Wood Camden 

David Yeomans Harkers Island 

Thomas H. Walker, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



NORTH CAKOLIXA STADIUM AUTHORITY 
1967, c. 1051; G. S. 143-236.5 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

B. Thomas Ward, Jr., Chairman Greensboro 

Smith W. Bagley Winston-Salem 

George E. Doughton, Jr Winston-Salem 

Jacob H. Froelich, Jr High Point 

Alex H. Galloway, Jr Winston-Salem 

Roger P. Kavanagh, Jr Greensboro 

Earl N. Phillips, Jr High Point 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE SOIL AND WATER 
CONSERVATION COMMITTEE 

1937, c. 393; 1947, c. 131; G. S. 139-4 

Composition: Seven members, six ex-officio and one appoint- 
ed by the committee. 

James D. Bellamy, Jr., Chairman Shallotte 

Dr. George Hyatt, Jr., Vice Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Roy L. Lovvorn, ex-officio Raleigh 

William G. Sullivan, ex-officio Rt. 1, Mt. Olive 

George B. Collins, ex-officio North Wilkesboro 

George L. Winchester, ex-officio Raleigh 

Ralph C. Winkworth, ex-officio Raleigh 



GOVBIRNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 389 

NORTH CAROLINA SYMPHONY SOCIETY, INC. 
1{)43, c. 755; 1947, c. 1049; G. S. 140-6 

Composition: Not less than sixteen members. Two ex-officio. 
four appointed by the Governor, balance chosen by the members 
of the Symphony Society. 

Ex-officio: 

Robert W. Scott, Governor [^_ Raleigh 

Craig Phillips Raleigh 

Benjamin F. Swalin Chapel Hill 

Officers: 

William H. Ruffin, Chairman of the Board Durham 

William H. Westphal, President Greensboro 

Dr. J. O. Williams, Executive Vice President Concord 

James M. Poyner, Vice President, Legal Affairs Raleigh 

Bryan Haislip, Vice President, Promotion Raleigh 

Edward L. Gray, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Helen Reinhardt, Assistant Treasurer Raleigh 

James McClure Clarke. Regional Vice President Asheville 

Lester C. Gifford, Regional Vice President Hickory 

Jan P. Schinhan, Regional Vice President Kannapolis 

Executive Committee: 

Frank L. Ashmore Durham 

Howard Broughton Southern Pines 

William Creech Raleigh 

William C. Fields Fayetteville 

Mrs. Doak Finch Thomasville 

Dr. Ben Fountain. Jr Kinston 

Mrs. N. L. Hodgkins, Jr Southern Pines 

Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

Mrs. Floyd T. Mehan High Point 

Charles W. McCrary Asheboro 

M. E. Motsinger, Jr Roaring Gap 

Benjamin F. Swalin. Chapel Hill 



3 90 N()):tii Carolina Manual 

TAX REVIEW BOARD 
1953, c. 1.J02; 1955, c. 1350; G. S. 105-269.2 

Composition: Four members, all ex-officio. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman Raleigh 

Harry T. Westcott, Chairman Utilities Commission Raleigh 

H. C. Stansbury, Director Department of Tax Research Raleigh 

Ivie L. Clayton, Commissioner of Revenue Raleigh 

Harlan E. Boyles, Secretary Raleigh 

TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1941, c. 25, s, 6; 1943, c. 719; 1947, c. 259; G. S. 135-6 

Composition: Eight members. Two ex-officio, six appointed 
by the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Supt. Public Instruction, ex-officio Raleigh 

James H. Councill Boone 

Donald R. Lineberger Brevard 

E. O. Falkner Henderson 

Sterling C. Manning Raleigh 

John W. Pou Greenville 

Mrs. Wincy J. Rooker INIonroe 

J. E. Miller, Director Raleigh 

TEXTBOOK COMMISSION 

1923, c. 136, s. 325; 1943, c. 627, s. 1; 1945, c. 707, ss. 4, 12; 
1955, c. 1372; C. S. 5735; G. S. 115-208 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

George S. Willard, Chairman Wilson 

Elementary Division: 

Martha G. Johnston Pineville 

Mrs. Georgia Smith Franklin Greenville 

C. M. King Hendersonville 

Mrs. Inez C. Lewallen Asheboro 

Hazel Perritt Greensboro 

Mrs. Margaret Bird Rentz Bryson City 



GOVERNMENTAt, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 391 

High School Division: 

Henry C. McFadyen Lenoir 

Joseph Q. Holliday Raleigh 

Mrs. Virginia Hill Mickey Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Mary Wyche Mintz Hallsboro 

Mrs. Catherine D. Penny Durham 

XORTH CAR()LINA TRAFFIC SAFETY AUTHORITY 
1065, c. 541; G. S. 143-392 

Composition: Fourteen members. Twelve ex-officio and one 
member each from the Senate and House of Representatives ap- 
pointed by the presiding officers thereof. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

James A. Graham, Commissioner of Agriculture Raleigh 

Edwin S. Lanier. Commissioner of Insurance Raleigh 

Frank Crane, Commissioner of Labor Raleigh 

Joe W. Garrett, Commissioner of Motor Vehicles Raleigh 

D. McLauchlin Faircloth, Chairman, State 

Highway Commission Clinton 

Craig Phillips, Superintendent, Dept. of Public 

Instruction Raleigh 

Dr. Jacob Koomen, Director, Board of Health Raleigh 

Robert Morgan, Attorney General Raleigh 

J. W. Bean, Chairman, Industrial Commission Raleigh 

Harry T. Westcott, Chairman, Utilities Commission Raleigh 

John J. Ryan, President, N. C. Traffic Safety 

Council, Inc. Greensboro 

Senator Frank R. Penn Reidsville 

Representative R. D. McMillan, Jr Red Springs 

TRYOX PALACE COMMISSION 
1945, c. 791; 1955, c. 543; G. S. 121-19 

Composition: Thirty-one members. Six ex-officio, twenty- 
five appointed by the Governor. 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, ex-officio Raleigh 

Robert Morgan, Attorney General, ex-officio Raleigh 

Roy G. Sowers, Jr., Director, Department of 

Conservation and Development, ex-officio Raleigh 



392 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

H. G. Jones, Director, Department of Archives 

and History, ex-officio Raleigh 

Etheridse H. Ricks, Mayor of New Bern, ex-officio New Bern 

D. L. Stallings, Chairman. Craven County Board of 

County Commissioners, ex-officio New Bern 

Mrs. John A. Kellenberger, Chairman Greensboro 

Virginia Home, First Vice Chairman Wadesboro 

Mrs. J. Samuel Mitchener, Second Vice Chairman Raleigh 

Mrs. William E. Stroud, Secretary Goldsboro 

John A. Kellenberger, Finance Officer and Treasurer Greensboro 

Mrs. J. Melville Broughton, Sr Raleigh 

Mrs. J. Wilbur Bunn Raleigh 

Mrs. Lyman A. Gotten Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Edenton 

Alexander H. Graham Hillsborough 

Mrs. H. Dail Holdeiness Tarboro 

Mrs. Robert P. Holding, Jr Raleigh 

Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

Mrs. Dan K. Moore Raleigh 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Wilson 

Mrs. Thomas V. Moseley Kinston 

Mrs. James W. Reid Raleigh 

George R. Ross Jackson Springs 

;\Irs. J. Laurence Sprunt Wilmington 

Robert L. Stallings. Jr New Bern 

Mrs. Andrew Burnet Stoney Morganton 

Mrs. James I\I. Tyler Kinston 

D. L. Ward New Bern 

Mrs. Stanley Wohl Annapolis, Maryland 

Vacancy 

Gertrude S. Carraway, Director New Bern 

NORTH CAROTvINA TURNPIKE AUTHORITY 

1963, c. 757; G, S. 136-89.61 

Composition: Four members. One ex-officio and three ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

George R. Goodwin, Chairman__ Raleigh 

D. McLauchlin Faircloth, Chairman, State Highway 

Commission, ex-officio Raleigh 



G0VE3{NME»JTAL BOABDS AND COMMISSIONS 393 

Vernon G. James Elizabeth City 

Baxter T. Williams, Jr. . Moyock 



U.S.S. NORTH CAROLIIVA BATTLiESHIP COMMISSION 

1061, c. 158; 1063, c. 52; G. S. 143-363 

Composition: Not more than fifteen members. At least one 
ex-officlo and the remaining members appointed by the Governor. 
Thomas C. Ellis, Director, Division of Parks, 

Conservation and Development, ex-officio Raleigh 

Orville B. Campbell Chapel Hill 

Percy B. Ferebee Andrews 

J. D. Fitz Morganton 

Edward L. Rankin, Jr Raleigh 

G. Andrew Jones Raleigh 

George Losak Wilmington 

T. Ed Pickard, Jr Charlotte 

Dick O .-leal New Holland 

James E. Penland Newland 

Eugene C. Thompson Warsaw 

Horace V Prevatte Wilmington 

John T. Schiller Wilmington 

Jack Spain Washington, D. C. 

Richard T. Vann Murfreesboro 



UTILITIES COMMISSION 

1033, c. 134; 1041, c. 07; 1040, c. 1000; 1050, c. 1310; 
1063, c. 1165; G. S. 62-10 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the Senate. 

Harry T. Westcott, Chairman Raleigh 

M. Alexander Biggs. Jr __ Raleigh 

Clawson L. Williams, Jr , Raleigh 

Marvin K. Wooten Raleigh 

John W. McDevitt Raleigh 

Mrs. Mary Laurens Richardson. Chief Clerk Raleigh 



394 North Carolina Manttai, 

STATE BOARD OF VETERANS AFFAFRS 
1{)45, c. 72.'?; 1907, c. 1060; G. S. 165-5 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Wesley B. Cullipher, Chairman Elizabeth City 

Jack Rider Kinston 

John R. Dickerson Monroe 

W. Dudley Robbins Willard 

William E. Bass Hickory 

Collin McKinne, Director Raleigh 

BOARD OF WATER AND AIR RESOURCES 
1959, c. 779; 1967, c. 893; G. S. 143-214 

Composition: Thirteen members appointed by the Governor. 

S. Vernon Stevens, Jr., Chairman Broadway 

P. Greer Johnson, Vice Chairman Asheville 

P. D. Davis Durham 

Walter M. Franklin Charlotte 

J. Nelson Gibson Gibson 

J. M. Jarrett Raleigh 

Wayne Mabry Badin 

J. Eugene Penland Newland 

J. Aaron Prevost Waynesville 

Dr. Robert A. Ross Chapel Hill 

W. Grady Stevens Shiloh 

Raymond S. Talton Raleigh 

Glenn M. Tucker Carolina Beach 

George E. Pickett, Director Raleigh 



WATER CONTROL. ADVISORY COUNCIL. 

1967, c. 892; G. S. 413-214 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. Karl Bishopric Spray 

John L. Brown, Jr Kannapolis 

Robert F. Coleman, Jr Wilmington 



GOVEKNMKNTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 395 

Dr. Ralph E. Faduin Raleigh 

Frederic F. Fish Raleigh 

William M. Haislip Gastonia 

Robert L. Martin Bethel 

Dr. Edwin W. Monroe Greenville 

M. D. Whisnant Belhaven 

Earle C. Hubbard. Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAHOIJNA VVIIjDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 
1047, V. 263; IJMJl, c. 737; 1965, c. 859; G. S. 143-240 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

O. L. Woodhouse, Chairman Grandy 

Hugh G. Chatham Elkin 

T. N. Massie, Vice Chairman Sylva 

Dr. Joe M. Anderson, Jr., Secretary New Bern 

J. Holt Evans Enfield 

RoKert G. Sanders Charlotte 

James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

James A. Connelly Morganton 

Jay Waggoner Graham 

NORTH ( AROLINA COMMISSION ON THE EDUCATION AND 
EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN 

1967, c. 1027; G. S. 143-424 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. Mary Faye Brumby Murphy 

Mrs. John B. Chase Eureka 

Voit Gilmore Southern Pines 

Dr. Margaret A. Hunt Greensboro 

Mrs. Frank Brown, Jr CuUowhee 

Mrs. Dillard Griffin Durham 

Mrs. Hugh W. Primrose Wilmington 



396 NoKTii Cauoijxa Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA INSTITUTIONS 

CORHECTIONAIi 

C. A. Dillon School, Butner 
1967, c. 1107 

Under the State Board of Juvenile Correction 

1043, c. 770; 1047, c. 226; 1063, c. 014; 
G. S. 134-01 

Richard T. Fountain School, Hocky Mount 

1023, c. 254, s. 2; 102.->, c. 306, s. 5; 1027, c. 144; 1060. c. 771; 
C. S. 7362; G. S, 134-67 

Under the State Board of Juvenile Correction 

1943, c. 776; 1047, c. 226; 1063, c. 014; G. S. 134-01 

Juvenile Evaluation Center, Swannanoa 

Under the State Board of Juvenile Correction 
1943, c. 776; 1047, c. 226; 1063, c. 014; G. S. 134-01 

Samarkand Manor, Eagle Si>rinf?s 

1017, c. 255; 1025, c. 306, s. 4; 1020, c. 270, s, 1; 
1037, c. 147, s. 1; 1047, c. 226; 1060, c. 873; C. S. 7320; 

G. S. 134-22 

Under the State Board of Juvenile Correction 

1043, c. 776; 1047, c. 226; 1963, c. 014; G. S. 134-01 

Samuel Leonard School, McCain 

1050, c. 108; 1060, c. 134 

Under the State Board of Juvenile Correction 

1943, c. 776; 1047, c. 226; 1963, c. 914; G. S. 134-91 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 397 

Cameron Morrison School, Hoffman 

1921, c. 190, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 6; 
1927, c. 63; 1941, c. 241; 1969, c. 134; G. S. 134-79 

Under the State Board of Juvenile Correction 

1943, c. 776; 1947, c. 226; 1963, c. 914; G. S. 134-91 

State Training School for Girls, Kinston 
1943, c. 381; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-84.1 

Under the State Board of Juvenile Correction 
1943, c. 776; 1947, c. 226; 1963, c. 914; G. S. 134-91 

Stonewall Jackson School, Concord 

1907, c. 509, s. 6; 1907, c. 955, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 2; 
1969, c. 134; C. S. 7313; G. S. 134-1 

Under the State Board of Juvenile Correction 

1943, c. 776; 1947, c. 226; 1963, c. 914; G. S. 134-91 



EDUCATIONAL 

NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL 

STATE UNIVERSITY, GREENSBORO 

Rev. s. 4223; 1891, c. 549, s. 4; 1899, c. 389, ss. 2, 3; 1939, c. 65, 
s. 4; 1943, c. 132; 1957, c. 1142; 1967, c. 1038; C. S. 5828; 

G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the General Assembly. 

Robert H. Frazier, Chairman Greensboro 

Elbert E. Waddell, Vice Chairman Albemarle 

Dr. Andrew A. Best Greenville 

Charles W. Phillips Greensboro 

James A. Graham Raleigh 

Dr. Otis E. Tillman High Point 



3 98 North Carolina Manual 

Frontis W. Johnson Davidson 

David W. Morehead Greensboro 

L. L. Ray Greensboro 

George Stockwell Elon College 

J. S. Stewart Durham 

W. B. Wicker Sanford 

Lewis C. Dowdy, President Greensboro 

NORTH CAROLINA ADVANCEMENT SCHOOL 

1967, c. 1028; G. S. 115-349 

Composition: Ten members, one ex-officio and nine members 
appointed by the State Board of Education. 

William H. Wagoner, Chairman Wilmington 

Howard Holly Burgaw 

Thomas W. Burkhead, Jr Candor 

Mrs. Eloise Eskridge Kenly 

Stanly Moore Morganton 

Blanche Norman Eden 

Mrs. Pat Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 

Marvin Ward Winston-Salem 

Arthur Whitesides Asheville 

Earl Whitted Goldsboro 

APPALACHIAN STATE UNIVERSITY, BOONE 

Rev. s. 4229; 1903, c. 798, ss. 1, 9, 11; 1907, c. 526, s, 1; 

1915. c. 527, s. 1; 1917, c. 100, s. 1; 1919; c. 231, s. 1; 

I'r. 1925, c. 204; Pr. 1929, c. 66; 1957, c. 1142; 1967, c. 10:^8; 

G. S. 116-45; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

John P. Frank, Chairman Mt. Airy 

John H. Vickers Charlotte 

Claude C. Armfield, Jr Lenoir 

George Corn Shelby 

W. B. Rankin Lincolnton 

Lester P. Martin, Jr Mocksville 

Dr. J. B. Hagaman, Jr _^Boone 

Dr. Hugh S. Daniel, Jr Waynesville 



GOVERNMEINTAJL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 399 

E. G. Lackey, Vice Chairman Winston-Salem 

W. R. Winkler Boone 

Wayne H. Shoaf . Lexington 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 

W. H. Plemmons, President Boone 

THE CENTRAL ORPHANAGE OF NORTH CAROLINA, OXFORD 
1887, V. 47; 1927, c. 162; 1963, c. 448; 1965, c. 617; G. S. 115-345 

Composition : Thirteen members. Five appointed by the Gov- 
ernor and eight under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Dr. R. L. Noblin Oxford 

M. S. Currin, Secretary-Treasurer Oxford 

J. P. Harris. Jr Oxford 

W. T. Yancey, Vice Chairman Oxford 

J. S. Watkins, Jr Oxford 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Dr. J. S. Colson Oxford 

R. L. Shepard Oxford 

Dr. Allen S. Alston Raleigh 

L. E. Austin Durham 

Clark S. Brown Oxford 

W. T. Johnson,. Greensboro 

Dr. Rudolph Jones Fayetteville 

J. W. Goodloe, President Durham 



EAST ( AHOLIXA I NIVERSITY, GREENVILLE 

19()7, c. 820, s. 15; 1911, c. 159, s, 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 7; 

1927, c. 164; 1929, <-. 259; 1951, c. 641; 1955, c. 1147; 

1957, c. 1142; 1967, c. 1038; C. S. 5866; G. S. 116-45; 

G. S, 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor with 
the approval of the General Assembly. 

Robert Morgan, Chairman , Lillington 

James Whitfield, Vice Chairman Raleigh 



40 North Carolina Manual 

Henry Belk Goldsboro 

Troy B. Dodson Greenville 

Charles H. Larkins Kinston 

Mrs. J. Russell Kirby Wilson 

W. W. Taylor, Jr Raleigh 

William A. Blount Durham 

Reginald F. McCoy Laurinburg 

David J. Whichard, II Greenville 

Irving E. Carlyle Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Terry Sanford Fayetteville 

Leo W. Jenkins, President Greenville 



EASTERN NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL. FOR THE 
DEAF, WILSON 

Under the control and management of the North Carolina Di- 
rectors of Schools for the Deaf. 

1061, c. 968; 1963, c. 448; G. S. 115-338 



ELIZABETH CITY STATE UNIVERSITY, ELIZABETH CITY 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1957, c. 1142; 
1963, c. 422; 1969, c. 801; G. S. 116-45.1; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

Albert G. Byrum Edenton 

McDonald Dixon, Chairman Elizabeth City 

Martin L. Wilson Selma 

Clarence W. Griffin, Vice Chairman Williamston 

Herbert T. Mullen South Mills 

Dr. Clifford Jones Elizabeth City 

Maceo A. Sloan Windsor 

Fred Pendleton Markham, III Elizabeth City 

Kermit E. White Elizabeth City 

Joseph J. Harrington Lewiston 

John C. Bias Scotland Neck 

Mrs. W. Arthur Tripp Rt. 3, Greenville 

Marion D. Thorpe, President Elizabeth City 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 401 

FAVETTEVIT.LE STATE UNIVERSITY, FAYETTEVrLL.E 

1921. c. 61; 1025, c. 306, s. »; 1957, c. 1142; 1963, c. 507; 
1969, o. 801; G. S. 116-45; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

John H. Cook, Chairman Fayetteville 

Gurney E. Edgerton, Vice Chairman Fayetteville 

J. Wilbur Bruce Fayetteville 

Victor Dawson Fayetteville 

C. J. Barber Raleigh 

.Mrs. James R. Nance Fayetteville 

Dr. G. L. Butler Fayetteville 

Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Emil Rosenthal Goldsboro 

Charles R. Dawkins . Fayetteville 

W. R. Collins Smithfield 

K. A. MacDonald Raeford 



THE GOVERNOR MOREHEAD SCHOOL, RALEIGH 
(FoniK'rly The Stat<» School for the Blind and the Deaf) 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 

1905, c. 67; 1925, c. 306, ss. 10, 13, 14; 1963, c. 448, s. 28; 

C. S. 5873; G. S. 115-322 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 
Carroll W. Weathers, Chairman Winston-Salem 

W. Paul Morgan . Statesville 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

Welker O. Shue Graham 

G. P. Henderson Maxton 

Harry Shor Raleigh 

H. Edward Knox Charlotte 

J. Floyd Wilson, Jr Tarboro 

E. L. Hollowell Edenton 

Cecil J. Hill Brevard 

Claude E. Teague Chapel Hill 



402 North Carolina Mant'ai. 

NORTH CAROLINA CENTRAIi UNIVT^^RSITY, DITRHAM 

1925, c. ;30fi, s. 0(a); 1030, c. 65, s, 4; 1047, c. 180; 
1057, c. 1142; 1060, c. 608; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

Bascom Baynes, Chairman Durham 

Everett I. Bugg, Jr Durham 

Dr. J. M. Hubbard, Sr Durham 

Mrs. Eloise Beech Kinston 

Marshall T. Spears, Sr Durham 

Clarence Watkins Reidsville 

Paul Clyde Durham 

Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Dr. J. R. Larkins, Secretary Raleigh 

M. H. Thompson Durham 

Clyde A. Shreve Summerfield 

Vacancy 

Albert N. Whiting, President Durham 



NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL OF THE ARTS, WINSTON-SALEM 

1063, c. 1116; G. S. 116-65 

Composition: Thirteen members. One ex-officio and twelve 
appointed by the Governor. 

Benjamin F. Swalin, Conductor, N. C. Symphony, 

ex-officio Chapel Hill 

Wallace Carroll, Vice Chairman Winston-Salem 

A. J. Fletcher Raleigh 

James McClure Clark Asheville 

Hugh Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Mrs. Dan K. Moore, Honorary Member Raleigh 

Gordon Hanes Winston-Salem 

Thomas S. Kenan, HI Durham 

Sam Ragan Southern Pines 

Dr. James Semans, Chairman Durham 

Smith Bagley Winston-Salem 

R. Philip Hanes, Jr Winston-Salem 



Go\t:bnmental Boards and Commissio.ns 403 

Mrs. Wilbur Jolly . Louisburg 

Mrs. Everette Miller Raleigh 

Robert Ward, President Winston-Salem 



NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF AT MORGANTON 

Under the control and management of the North Carolina Di- 
rectors of Schools for the Deaf. 

1961, c. 968; 1963, c. 448; G. S. 115-338 

OXFORD ORPHANAGE, OXFORD 
Private Laws. 1923, c. 119; 1953, c. 60 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor, one 
ex-officio and five elected by the Grand Lodge of North Carolina. 

William J. Bundy, President Greenville 

Hackett C. Wilson, Vice President Shelby 

Robert N. Bass, Jr., Chairman Raleigh 

William A. Hooks, Vice Chairman Smithfield 

Ben Cone Greensboro 

Maurice E. Walsh North Wilkesboro 

Robert L. Martin Bethel 

Harvey W. Smith Beaufort 

James G. Johnston Charlotte 

A. D. Leon Gray, Secretary Oxford 



PEMBROKE STATE UNIVERSITY, PEMBROKE 

1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1929, c. 238; 1931, c. 275; 1941, c. 323; 
1949, c. 58; 1957, c. 1142; 1969, c. 388; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the General Assembly. 

Hal W. Little, Chairman Wadesboro 

Zeb A. Lowery, Vice Chairman Pembroke 

William Earl Britt , Fairmont 

B. O. Burns Rowland 

James E. Hillman Raleigh 

Harry W. Locklear Pembroke 



404 NoKTir Carolina Manual 

Elmer T. Lowry Rowland 

R. D. McMillan, Jr. Red Springs 

Raymond B. Mallard Tabor City 

John W. Oxendine Rt. 3, Lumberton 

Purnell Swett Pembroke 

Herman Dial Rt. 3, Maxton 



TRUSTEES UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

North Carolina State University at Raleigh 

The University of North Carolina at Charlotte 

The University of North Carolina at Greensboro 

The University of North Carolina at Asheville 

The University of North Carolina at Wilmington 
C. S. 5789; G. S. 116-4 

Composition: One hundred members. Elected by the General 
Assembly. The legal term of office expires April 1st of year in- 
dicated. 

Executive Committee 

Robert W. Scott, Governor, Chairman ex-officio Raleigh 

1970 

J. Shelton Wicker Sanford 

Archie K. Davis Winston-Salem 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro 

Thomas J. White Kinston 

Mrs. L. Richardson Preyer Greensboro 

Lennox G. Cooper Wilmington 

1972 

Reid A. Maynard Burlington 



Governmental Boabos and Commissionss 405 

Mrs. A, H. Lathrop Asheville 

Mrs. John G. Burgwyn Jackson 

Victor S. Bryant Durham 

Walter L. Smith Charlotte 



1974 

George Watts Hill Durham 

George M. Wood Camden 



HONORARY LIFETIME MEMBERS 

Luther H. Hodges Chapel Hill 

John W. Clark Franklinville 

Dan K. Moore Raleigh 

Frank P. Graham New York, New York 

Gordon Gray Washington, D. C. 

Terry Sanford Fayetteville 



EX-OFFICIO 

Robert W. Scott, Governor Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, State Superintendent of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 



SECRETARY TO THE BOARD 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Mrs. Ann Houghtaling, Assistant Chapel Hill 



1971 

Wyatt R. Aydlett Elilzabeth City Pasquotank 

Irwin Belk Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Mrs. John G. Burgwyn Jackson Northampton 

Sam N. Clark, Jr Tarboro Edgecombe 

T. J. Collier Bayboro Pamlico 

Archie K. Davis Winston-Salem Forsyth 



40 6 North Carolina Manual 

Robert A. Harris Eden Rockingham 

Dorothy Glenn Gastonia Gaston 

George Watts Hill Durham Durham 

Mrs. J. Henry Hill, Jr. Hickory Catawba 

Thomas H. Leath Rockingham Richmond 

W. J. Lupton Swan Quarter Hyde 

William D. James Hamlet Richmond 

D. L. McMichael Madison Rockingham 

R. D. McMillan, Jr Red Springs Robeson 

Rudolph I. Mintz Wilmington New Hanover 

Thomas O. ;\loore Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson Pender 

Douglas M. Robinson Marshall Madison 

R. Glenn Stovall Roxboro Person 

Dr. David T. Tayloe Washington Beaufort 

Carl V. Venters Jacksonville Onslow 

William Duke Kimbrell Gastonia Gaston 

C. M. Vanstory Greensboro Guilford 

George M. Wood Camden Camden 



1978 

Fred F. Bahnson, Jr Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Lenox G. Cooper Wilmington New Hanover 

J. Monroe Council, Jr Wananish Columbus 

W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids Halifax 

E. M. Fennell Hickory Catawba 

Mrs. George Ferguson, Sr. Eden Rockingham 

Dr. Amos Johnson Garland Sampson 

Mrs. Albert H. Lathrop Asheville Buncombe 

Larry L Moore, Jr Wilson Wilson 

William K. Neal Roanoke Rapids Halifax 

Arthur L Park Oxford Granville 

John A. Prevost Hazelwood Haywood 

Mrs. L. Richardson Preyer Greensboro Guilford 

Addison H. Reese Charlotte Mecklenburg 

T. L. Richie Marion McDowell 

H. L. Riddle, Jr Morganton Burke 

Roy Rowe Burgaw Pender 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 407 

J. Brantley Speight Winterville Pitt 

Walter L. Smith Charlotte Mecklenburg 

C. Lacy Tate Chadbourn Columbus 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro Wayne 

Mrs. Stewart B. Warren Clinton Sampson 

Cameron S. Weeks Tarboro Edgecombe 

Thomas J. White ..Kinston Lenoir 

Mrs. George D. Wilson Fayetteville Cumberland 

1975 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh Wake 

Ike F. Andrews Siler City Chatham 

W. C. Barfield Wilmington New Hanover 

Charles W. Bradshaw Raleigh Wake 

Dr. Francis A. Buchanan Hendersonville Henderson 

C. C. Cameron Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Mrs. J. William Copelaud Murfreesboro Hertford 

Frank H. Crowell Lincolnton Lincoln 

Braxron B. Dawson Washington Beaufort 

Norvin K. Dickerson Monroe Union 

J. H. Froelich, Jr. High Point Guilford 

Eugene B. Graham, HI Charlotte Mecklenburg 

James C. Green Clarkton Bladen 

Robert Hall Mocks ville Davie 

Mrs. Howard Holderness Greensboro Guilford 

Samuel H. Johnson Raleigh Wake 

Wade B. Matheny Forest City Rutherford 

Beverly Moore Greensboro Guilford 

Dr. F. M. Simmons Patterson New Bern Craven 

T. Henry Redding Asheboro Randolph 

D. P. Russ, Jr Fayetteville Cumberland 

W. P. Saunders Southern Pines Moore 

Ralph H. Scott Haw River Alamance 

E. S. Simpson Smithfield Johnston 

Hill Yarborough Louisburg Franklin 

1977 

R. Kelly Bowles Greensboro Guilford 

Victor S. Bryant ^Durham Durham 



408 North Carolina Manual 

John T. Church Henderson Vance 

William A. Dees, Jr Goldsboro Wayne 

Edwin Duncan, Sr. Sparta Alleghany 

Albert J. Ellis Jacksonville Onslow 

Bruce A. Elmore Asheville Buncombe 

Henry A. Foscue High Point Guilford 

William C. Harris, Jr Raleigh Wake 

Judge William A. Johnson Lillington Harnett 

John R. Jordan, Jr Raleigh Wake 

Robert B. Jordan, HI Mt. Gilead Montgomery 

Thomas W. Lambeth Greensboro Guilford 

C. Knox Massey Durham Durham 

Reid A. Maynard Burlington Alamance 

George Y. Ragsdale Raleigh Wake 

Marshall Ranch Gastonia Gaston 

Lexie L. Ray Greensboro Guilford 

R. C. Soles, Jr Tabor City Columbus 

John B. Stedman Charlotte Mecklenburg 

John A. Tate, Jr Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Mrs. Arthur W. Thomas, Jr. Concord Cabarrus 

Oscar C. Vatz Fayetteville Cumberland 

Fred L. Wilson Kannapolis Cabarrus 

J. Shelton Wicker Sanford Lee 



NORTH CAROLINA VOCATIONAL TEXTILE SCHOOL 
1955, c. 1372, art. 27; 1963, c. 448, s. 30; G. S. 115A-39 

Composition: Seven members. One ex-officio, six appointed 
by the Governor. 

A. G. Bullard, Director of Vocational 

Education, ex-officio Raleigh 

Harold Mercer Gastonia 

Robert L. Stowe, Jr Belmont 

Carl F. Mauney, Secretary Kings Mountain 

Sherwood Hedgepeth Greensboro 

J. C. Cowan, Jr Greensboro 

H. D. Whitener, Chairman Gastonia 



GOVERNMENTM, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 409 

WESTERN CAROLINA UNIV ERSITY, CUl^OWHEE 

1925, c, 270; 1929, c. 251; 1951, c. 1167; 1953. v. 1282; 
1957, c. 1142; 1967, c. 1038; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, 
approved by the General Assembly. 

Jonathan Woody, Chairman Waynesville 

J. Ramsey Buchanan, Vice Chairman Sylva 

E. J. Whitmore Franklin 

Dr. Charles O. "Van Gorder „ Andrews 

Mrs. Dan K. Moore Raleigh 

Modeal Walsh Robbinsville 

Harold Mitchell Valdese 

Boyce Whitmire Hendersonville 

Tom Mallonee Candler 

Arnold J. Hyde Asheville 

Frank Forsyth Andrews 

Morgan Cooper Forest City 

Alex S. Pow, President Cullowhee 



WINSTON-SALEM STATE UNIVERSITY, WINSTON-SALEM 

1921. c. 61; 1925, o. 306, s. 9; 1957, c. 1142; 1963, c. 421; 
1969, c. 801; G. S. 116-45; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, 
approved by the General Assembly. 

Winfield Blackwell, Chairman Winston-Salem 

John Hough, Vice Chairman Eden 

Clark S. Brown, Secretary Winston-Salem 

Ralph M. Stockton, Jr Winston-Salem 

Gordon Hanes Winston-Salem 

Thomas B. Rice Winston-Salem 

N. L. Dillard Yanceyville 

Samuel Chess High Point 

Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville 

Rev. William R. Crawford Winston-Salem 

Dr. Samuel O. Jones Greensboro 

J. Paul Wallace Troy 

Kenneth R. Williams, President Winston-Salem 



410 North Cakoi.ix.v Ma.mai, 

MENTAL INSTITUTIONS 

BROUGHTOX HOSPITAL, MORGANTON 

1921. c. 18;J, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; 
1959, V. 1(>2«; 1903, c. 1166; G. S. 122-7 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 

1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-1 

CHERRY HOSPITAL, GOLDSBORO 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1963, c. 1166; 
G. S. 122-1; G. S. 122-7 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 

1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-1 

DOROTHEA DIX HOSPITAL, RALEIGH 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1935, c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; 
1959, c. 1028; 1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-7 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 

1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-1 

JOHN UMSTEAD HOSPITAL, BUTNER 
1947, c. 537; 1959, c. 1028; 1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-7 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 
1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-1 



Govern MF.NT/VL Boards and Commissions 411 

CENTERS FOR THE RETARDED 

CASWELIi CENTER, KINSTON 

1«21, c. 183, s. 2; 1J)25, c. 306, s. 3; 1945, c. 925, s. 1; 
1959, <. 1028; 1963, v. 1184; C. S. 6159 (a) ; G. S. 122-69 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 

1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-69 



MURIKK^H CENTER, BUTNER 
1943, 0. 136; 1959, v. 1028; 1963, v. 1184; G. S. 122-69 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 

196;^, c. 1184; G. S. 122-69 

O rJERRY CENTER, GOLDSBORO 
1945, c. 459; 1959, v. 1028; 1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-7 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 
196;^, c. 1166; G. S. 122-1 

WESTERN CAROLINA CENTER, MORGANTON 

1959, c. 1038; 1961, r. 513; 1963, c. 1184; G. S. 122-1.2; 

G. S. 122-69 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 

1963, c. 1184; G. S. 122-69 



ALCOHOLIC REHABILITATION CENTERS 

ALCOHOLIC REHABILITATION CENTER, BUTNER 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 
1963, c. 1166; G. S. 122-1 



412 North Carolina Manual 

CENTERS FOR MENTALLY DISTURBED CHILDREN 

WRIGHT SCHOOL, DURHAM 

Under the State Department of Mental Health. 
19(>7, c. 151; G. S. 122-98.1 



HOSPITALS 

THE NORTH CAROLINA CEREBRAL PALSY HOSPITAL, 

DIT^HAM 

1945, c. 504; 1953, c. 893; G. S. 131-128 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Clarence Stasavich Greenville 

Dr. Thomas A. Henson Kinston 

Jesse Helms Raleigh 

J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham 

Harold Meyer Chapel Hill 

Grizelle Nortieet Winston-Salem 

Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

Mrs. Thomas O'Berry Goldsboro 

J. Fleming Wily, Jr Durham 



NORTH CAROLINA ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL, GASTONIA 
1917, c. 199, s. 4; C. S. 7254; G. S. 131-3 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

J. Harold Lineberger, Chairman Belmont 

Mrs. Nick D. Garden Charlotte 

George Blanton, Jr Shelby 

James E. McKnight, Secretary Mooresville 

J. Robert Wren Gastonia 

Walter L. Smith Charlotte 

Dr. Leslie M. Morris Gastonia 

Benjamin C. Trotter, Jr Charlotte 

Vacancy 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 413 

NORTH CAROLINA SANATORIUMS FOR THE 
TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS 

BLACK MOUNTAIN, McCAIN, WILSON AND CHAPEL HTLL 

1907, c. 964; Ex session 1913, c. 40, s. 1; 1923, cc. 96, 127; 

1925, c. 306, s. 12; 1935, c. 91, ss. 2, 3; 1935, c. 138; 

1939, c. 325; G. S. 131-62 

Composition: One ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by 
the Governor. 

Dr. Jacob Koomen, ex-officio Raleigh 

O. Arthur Kirkman. Chairman High Point 

Paul S. Cragan Sanford 

Mrs. Roy Parker, Secretary Ahoskie 

Hardy Talton Pikeville 

Dr. Charles O. Van Gorder Andrews 

A. E. Gibson Wilmington 

Forrest Lockey Aberdeen 

Mrs. Sadie V. McCain Wilson 

J. L. McNeill Raeford 

Mrs. Reid S. Monroe Salisbury 

Dr. M. A. Pittman Wilson 

Mrs. Cecil L. Sanford Laurinburg 



NORTH CAROIilNA CONFEDERATE INSTITUTION 

Woman's Home at Fayetteville 

1913, c. 62; C. S. 5135; G. S. 112-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. W. S. Alexander Fairmont 

Hal Walker Broadfoot Fayetteville 

Mrs. George B. Herndon Fayetteville 

Mrs. Henry L. Stevens. Jr Warsaw 

Mrs. Melvin James Weeks Dunn 

Mrs. John D. Boyd Fayetteville 

Mis. Gus M. Womble _ Fayetteville 



414 North Carolina Manual 

EXAMINING BOARDS 

STATE BOARD OF CERTIFIED PUBLIC 
ACCOUNTANT EXAMINERS 

1913, c. 157; 1925, c. 261, s. 11; 1939, c. 21; 1951, c. 844; 
C. S. 7008; G. S. 93-12 

Composition: Four members appointed by the Governor. 

Harold Q. Langenderfer Chapel Hill 

William M. Barfield, Vice President Wilmington 

T. N. Grice, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Richard M. Hunter, President Charlotte 

Katharine D. Guthrie, Executive Director Chapel Hill 



NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF ARCHITECTLTIE 
1915, c. 270, s. 1; 1957, e. 794; C. S. 4986; G. S. 83-2 

Composition; Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Archie Royal Davis, President Durham 

Fred W. Butner, Jr., Vice President Winston-Salem 

Charles H. Wheatley, Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

Robert L. Clemmer Hickory 

J. Bertram King Asheville 

A. Lewis Poller, Executive Director Raleigh 



STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS 
1929, c. 119, s. 6; G. S. 86-6 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

L. O. Crowe, Chairman Morehead City 

G. C. Clark, Vice Chairman Hickory 

C. T. Land Rocky Mount 



GOVEBNMBNTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 415 

NORTH CAROLiINA STATE BOARD OF 
CHIROPRACTIC EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 73, s. 1; 1933, c. 442, s. 1; 1963, c. 646; 
O. S. 6711; G. S. 90-140 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Erie Downing, President Fayetteville 

Dr. Ramey F. Kemp, Secretary-Treasurer Mocksville 

Dr. G. R. Hammond Wilson 

NORTH CAROLINA LICENSING BOARD FOR CONTRACTORS 
1925, c, 318, s. 2; G. S. 87-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

J. P. Phifer Rockingham 

E. G. Singletary Greensboro 

C. E. Clement, Chairman Hickory 

E. P. Bond, Jr Lumberton 

Raymond A. Bryan Goldsboro 

James M. Wells, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
COSMETIC ART EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 179; 1935, c. 54, s. 2; G, S. 88-13 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. Iris H. Lawrence, Chairman Raleigh 

Mrs. Ala K. McGuire, Vice Chairman Boone 

Mrs. Lelia M. Thompson, Secretary Lumberton 

Mrs. Catherine B. Munn, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS 

1879, c. 139; 1915, c. 178; 1935, c. 66, s. 1; 1961, c. 213; 

G. S. 90-22 

Composition: Six members elected by the dentists of North 
Carolina. 

Dr. Thomas G. Collins Raleigh 

Dr. Clinton C. Diercks, Secretary-Treasurer Morganton 



416 North Carolina Manual 

Dr. S. L. Bobbitt Raleigh 

Dr. Freeman C. Slaughter, President Kannapolis 

Dr. Guy R. Willis Durham 

Dr. R. B. Barden Wilmington 



BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF ELECTRICAL. CONTRACTORS 
1937, c. 87, s. 1; G. S. 87-39 

Composition: Five members, three appointed by the Governor, 
two ex-officio. 

Richard B. Boyd, Jr., Chairman Raleigh 

Oscar Greene, Jr. Kinston 

Howard R. Pancoast High Point 

W. P. Seagraves Raleigh 

John R. McClelland Charlotte 

Mrs. Elizabeth E. Anderson, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF EMBALMERS 
AND FUNERAL DIRECTORS 

Rev. 4384; 1901, c. 388, ss. 1, 2, 3; 1931, c. 174; 1945, c. 98, s. 1; 

1949, c. 951, s. 1; 1957, c. 1240, s. 1; 1965, c. 630; 

C. S. 6777; G. S. 90-203 

Composition: Eight members, seven elected by the North 
Carolina embalmers and funeral directors, one ex-offiio. 

Dr. James S. Raper, President of the State Board 

of Health, ex-officio Asheville 

Jack Palmer, Jr., President Shelby 

William N. Stevenson, Vice President Elkin 

W. David Munden, Sr., Secretary Morehead City 

J. C. Sossoman, Jr Morganton 

Faris C. Sykes, Jr Enfield 

Fred W. Rhodes, Jr Durham 

Aaron Renourd Kelsey Salisbury 

Clyde O. Robinson, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



GovEajNMEarrAL Boards and Commissions 417 

STATE BOARD OF REGISTRATION FOR PROFESSIONAL 
ENGINEERS AND LAND SURVEYORS 

1921, c, 1, s. 3; 1965, c. 940; C. S. 6055(d); G. S. 89-4 

Composition: Six members appointed by the Governor. 

Ernest Elsevier Durham 

George S. Rawlins, Chairman Charlotte 

Robert B. Rice, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Chilton R. Jones, Vice Chairman Tarboro 

Alonzo E. Little Goldsboro 

William N. Turner Cullowhee 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS 
1933, c. 210, s. 10; c, 331; 1935, cc. 33, 61; 1941, c. 344, s. 6; 

1965, c. 65; G. S. 84-24 

Composition: Nine members elected by the Council of the N. C. 
State Bar. 

Arch K. Schoch, Chairman High Point 

Charles G. Buck Asheville 

William L. Mills, Jr Concord 

James B. Swails Wilmington 

Robert C. Howison, Jr Raleigh 

H. E. Stacy, Jr Lumberton 

E. P. Dameron Marion 

J. E. Tucker New Bern 

Ernest W. Machen, Jr Charlotte 

B. E. James, Secretary Raleigh 

Kingsland Van Winkle, Emeritus Asheville 

George B. Greene, Emeritus Kinston 

NORTH CAROLINA LIBRARY CERTIFICATION BOARD 
1955, c. 505; G. S. 125-9 

Composition: Four members consisting of State Librarian, the 
Dean of the School of Library Science of the University of North 
Carolina, President N. C. Library Association and one librarian 
appointed by the Executive Board of the North Carolina Library 
Association. 



418 North Carolina Manual 

Paul S. Ballance, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Philip S. Ogilvie, State Librarian Raleigh 

Mrs. Mildred S. Councill, President N. C. Library 

Association Mount Olive 

Dr. Walter A. Sedelow, Jr., Acting Dean, School of Library 

Science, The University of North Carolina, 

Secretary Chapel Hill 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev. s. 4492; Code, s. 3123; 1858-9, c. 258, ss. 3, 4; Extra 
Session 1921, c. 44, s. 1; C. S. 6606; G. S. 90-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the North Carolina 
Medical Society. 

Dr. Frank Edmondson, President Asheboro 

Dr. Joseph J. Combs, Secretary Raleigh 

Dr. H. Lee Large Charlotte 

Dr. Bryant L. Galusha Charlotte 

Dr. Joseph W. Hooper, Jr Wilmington 

Dr. Vernon Williams Taylor, Jr Elkin 

Dr. Cornelius T. Patrick Washington 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OP NURSING 

1917, c. 17; 1925, e. 87; 1931, c, 56; 1953, c. 1199; 1965, c. 578; 

C. S. 6729; G. S. 90-158 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Eloise R. Lewis, Chairman Greensboro 

Eugene J. Smith, Vice Chairman Charlotte 

Mrs. Jessie P. Kiser, Secretary Concord 

Mrs. Lillian D. James Hamlet 

Mrs. Helen S. Miller Durham 

Dr. E. R. Caldwell, Jr Statesville 

J. Grayson Brothers Morganton 

James M. DeVane Lumberton 

Dr. Thomas J. Taylor Concord 

Mrs. Mae Adams Beard Goldsboro 

Mrs. Doris P. Crowder Durham 



GOVERMENTAT, BOAROS AND COMMISSIONS 419 

Mrs. Ruth L. Harris Black Mountain 

Mary McRee, Executive Director Raleigh 



NORTH CAROIjIXA STATE BOARD OF OPTICIANS 
1951, f. 1089; G. S. 90-238 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Frank M. McBryde, President Fayetteville 

H. L. Ridgeway, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

William Fluharty Asheville 

Harry R. Tolar Goldsboro 

Richard Hamilton Durham 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
EXAMINERS IN OPTOMETRY 

1909, c. 444, s. 3; 1915, c. 21, s. 1; 1935, c. 63; 
C. S. 6689; G. S. 90-116 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Harold C. Herring, President Fairmont 

Dr. Lindsay Fincannon Elkin 

Dr. John Robinson Wallace 

Dr. John W. Hearn, Jr Monroe 

Dr. Sidney Christian, Secretary Williamston 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF OSTEOPATHIC 
EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION 

1907, c. 764, s. 1; 1913, c. 92, s. 1; 1937, c. 301, s. 1; 
C. S.6701; G. S. 90-130 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Richard C. Baker Rockingham 

Dr. Joseph H. Huff, Secretary-Treasurer Burlington 

Dr. Guy T. Funk Winston-Salem 

Dr. Walter C. Eldrett Hendersonville 

Neva A. McCoy Charlotte 



4 20 NoiM II Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY 
Rev. s. 447;J; 1!)<)5, <•. 108, ss. 5, 7; C. S. 6652; G. S. 00-55 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Clarence E. Page, Jr.. President Henderson 

W. H. Randall, Jr., Vice President Lillington 

Jesse M. Pike, Sr Concord 

Harold V. Day Spruce Pine 

David D. Claytor Greensboro 

H. C. McAllister, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 



STATE EXAMINING COMMITTEE OF 
PHYSICAL THERAPISTS 

1951, c. 1131; G. S. 90-257 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Robert E. Meade Salisbury 

Mary C. Singleton, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Dr. Charles M. Cameron Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Dorothea B. Wray Gastonia 

Elia E. Villanueva Durham 



STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF 
PLUMBING AND HEATING CONTRACTORS 

1931, c. 52, s. 1; 1933, c. 57; 1939, c. 224, s. 1; G. S. 87-16 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

J. M. Lee, Jr., Chairman Durham 

J. F. Seely Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Dr. H. G. Baity Chapel Hill 

E. A. Luquire, Jr Durham 

Fiuley Lee Kinston 

J. H. Rogers Asheville 

F. O. Bates, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



GOVERMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 421 

STATE BOARD OF PODIATRY EXAMINERS 

1916, c. 78, s. 3; 1963, c. 1195; 1967, c. 1217; 
C. S. 6765; G, S. 90-190 

Composition: Three members elected by the North Carolina 
Podiatry Society. 

Dr. Grady Dunn, President Winston-Salem 

Dr. L. D. Abernethy, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

Dr. Walter H. Hill Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF 
PRACTICING PSYCHOLOGISTS 

1967, c. 910; G. S. 90-270.6 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Mary G. Clarke, Chairman Chapel Hill 

Dr. Glenn M. Woolf, Vice Chairman Charlotte 

Dr. Harold M. Corter Raleigh 

Dr. Clinton R. Prewett Greenville 

Dr. John E. Williams Winston-Salem 

NORTH CAROLINA REAL ESTATE LICENSING BOARD 
1957, c. 744; G, S. 93A-3 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Paul W. Crayton, Chairman New Bern 

J. Toliver Davis Forest City 

A. P. Carlton Greensboro 

J. Bart Hall Belmont 

Kenneth R. Smith Raleigh 

Joseph F. Schweidler, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF REFRIGERATION EXAMINERS 
1955, c. 912; G. S. 87-52 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

B. B. Smith, Chairman Lumberton 



4 -'2 NoKTTi Cakoi.ina Mamtai, 

J. C. Lunisden Raleigh 

W. V. Carter Raleigh 

W. II. Jones Raleigh 

E. T. Chanlett Chapel Hill 

R. B. McKnight Raleigh 

C. V. Stevens Salisbury 

James A. Dean, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



STATE liOAHI) OF SANITARIAN EXAMINERS 
1959, c. 1271; G. S. 90 A-2 

Composition: Nine members. Three ex-officio and six appointed 
by the Governor. 

J. M. Jarrett, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Jacob Koomen, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. W. Fred Mayes, ex-officio. Chairman Chapel Hill 

R. W. Brown, Secretary-Treasurer Asheville 

Dr. H. W. Stevens Asheville 

M. M. Melvin Raleigh 

Joe L. Costin Warsaw 

Bob C. Sandford Rockingham 

J. S. Canady Fayetteville 



STKU( TURAL PEST CONTROL COM>nTTEE 
1955, c. 1017; 1967, c. 1184, G. S. 106-65.23 

Composition: Five members. Two appointed by the Commis- 
sioner of Agriculture, one appointed by the Dean of the school of 
Agriculture of N. C. State University and two appointed by the 
Governor. 

John L. Reitzel, Chairman Raleigh 

I. H. O'Hanlon, Vice Chairman Fayetteville 

Walter J. Killough Raleigh 

Charles G. Wright Raleigh 

J. Hawley Poole West End 

Rudolph E. Howell, Secretary Raleigh 



GOVEBMENTAL BOAKDS AND COMMISSIONS 423 

NORTH CAROLINA VETERINARY MEDICAL BOARD 

Rev. s. 5432; 1903, c. 503, s. 2; 1961; c. 353, s. 1; 
C. S. 6755; G. S. 90-180 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Ralph L. William Raleigh 

Dr. C. R. Svi^earlngen, Secretary-Treasurer Smithfield 

Dr. J. G. Martin Boone 

Dr. C. C. McLean Southern Pines 

Dr. Clyde Young Mocksville 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS IN 
WATCHMAKING AND REPAIRING 

1967, c. 937; G. S. 93C-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Albert F. Rhodes, Chairman Wilmington 

George Washington Ferrell Durham 

Curtis W. Lewis Raleigh 

Jesse C. Temple Winston-Salem 

Walter L. Hanson, Secretary Charlotte 



STATE BOARD OF WATER WELL CONTRACTOR 
EXAMINERS 

1961, c. 997; G, S. 87-70 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Manley S. Martin, Chairman Warrenton 

Boyce T. Green Canton 

Jack Faw Hickory 

J. M. Jarrett Raleigh 

G. Allie Moore, Secretary-Treasurer Wilmington 

Harry M. Peek Raleigh 

James A. Ingram Raleigh 

Leonard S. Daniel, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



4 24 NoKTU Cakomna Manual 

STATE OWNED RAILROADS 

ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD 

Directors: 

Edward S. Dixon Morehead City 

Herman H. Grimm Carthage 

George W. Ipock New Bern 

James R. Strickland Jacksonville 

Lewis Combs Creswell 

R. L. Grant Jackson 

Donald P. Brock Trenton 

Mrs. Elizabeth Pugh Windsor 

Henry Oetjen Raleigh 

Harold Maxwell New Bern 

H. S. Gibbs Morehead City 

D. L. Stallings New Bern 

Officers: 

Edwin S. Dixon, President Morehead City 

W. Olin Reed, Secretary-Treasurer Kinston 

James N. Smith, Attorney Goldsboro 

Albert R. Bell, Inspector New Bern 

NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD 

Directors: 

John M. Alexander Raleigh 

Walter Rucker Greensboro 

W. Cirt Aired Charlotte 

Rex E. Wood Salisbury 

Joe D. Steed, Sr Candor 

Lewis Tappan Clinton 

J. Herbert Garrison Pineville 

E. H. Alexander Red Springs 

Van Wyck Webb, Vice President Raleigh 

Eugene Shaw Greensboro 

Ralph Scott Haw River 

Maurice F. Thiem Raleigh 

Officers: 

John M. Alexander. President Raleigh 

Walton K. Joyner, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

I. T. Valentine, Jr., Attorney Nashville 

Robert M. Swicegood, Expert Asheville 



PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 
NORTH CAROLINA— SESSION 1969 

Officers and Members of the Senate 

OFFICERS 

H. Patrick Taylor, Jr President Wadesboro 

N. Hector McGeachy, Jr President pro tem FayettevUle 

Roy Rowe Principal Clerk Burgaw 

Eugene Simmons Reading Clerk Tarboro 

Brooks W. Poole Sergeant-at-Arms Raleigh 

SENATORS 

(Alpliabetically Arranged) 

Name District Party Address 

Allen, Gordon P Eleventh Democrat Roxboro 

Allsbrook, Julian R Fourth Democrat Roanoke Rapids 

Bagnal, Harry Twenty-second Republican Winston-Salem 

Bailey, J. Ruffin Twelfth Democrat Raleigh 

Boger, John R., Jr Twenty-fourth Democrat Concord 

Bowles, Hargrove (Skipper) Eighteenth ^ Democrat Greensboro 

Briggs, Bruce B Thirty-ilTst Republican Mars Hill 

Bryan, Thomas Rhudy, Sr Twenty-fifth Republican Wilkesboro 

Burney, John J., Jr Tenth Democrat Wilmington 

Coggins. Jyles J Twelfth Democrat Raleigh 

Currie, Claude Eleventh Democrat Durham 

Dent, R. Theodore Thirty-first Republican Asheville 

Edwards, Elton Eigliteenth Democrat Greensboro 

Ellis, Albert J Sixth Democrat Jacksonville 

Evans, Mrs. Martha W Twenty-seventh Democrat Charlotte 

Flaherty, David T. Twenty-eighth Republican Lenoir 

Folger, Fred, Jr Twenty-first Democrat Mount Airy 

Griffin, Edward F Seventh Democrat Louisburg 

Gurganus, Edgar J Second Democrat Williamston 

Harrington. J. J First Democrat Lewiston 

Henley, John T Fourteenth Democrat Hope Mills 

James, W. D Nineteenth Democrat Hamlet 

Johnson, J. Marvin Eighth Democrat Smithfleld 

Joyner, Norman H. Twenty-sixth Republican Troutman 

Kirby, J. Russell Eighth Democrat Wilson 

Larkins, Charles H., Jr Fifth Democrat Klnston 

MacLean, Hector Twentieth Democrat Lumberton 

Maxwell. Charles K Twenty-seventh Democrat Rt. 1, Hunterville 

McGeachy, N. Hector, Jr Fourteenth Democrat Fayetteville 

Moore. Herman A Twenty-seventh Democrat Rt. 1, Matthews 

Murrow, Coolidge Eighteenth Republican High Point 

Nielson, Mrs. Geraldine R Twenty-second Republican Winston-Salem 

Norton, Clyde M Thirtieth Democrat Old Fort 

Patterson, Frank N., Jr Twenty-fourth Democrat Albemarle 

Penn. Frank R Sixteenth Democrat Reidsville 

Poovey, J. Reid Twenty-sixth.. Republican Hickory 

Ranch, Marshall A Twenty-ninth Democrat Gastonia 

Reed. Norris C, Jr Third .Democrat New Bern 

Robinson, Sankey W Fifteenth Democrat Whiteville 

Sapp, Odell Twenty-third Republican Salisbury 

Saunders, William P Nineteenth Democrat Southern Pines 

Scott, Ralph H Seventeenth Democrat Rt. 1. Haw River 

Staton, William W Thirteenth Democrat Sanford 

Warren, Lindsay C, Jr Ninth Democrat Goldsboro 

Warren, Stewart B Tenth Democrat Clinton 

West, Herman H Thirty-third Republican Murphy 

White. Jack H Twenty-ninth Democrat Kings Mountain 

White, Vernon E Fourth Democrat Winterville 

Wilkle, Carroll W Thirty-second Republican Rt. 1, Fletcher 

Wood, George M First Democrat Camden 

427 



4 28 North Carolina Manual 

senators 

Arranged by Districts 
(Democrats unU-ss otiierwise indicated) 

District Name Address 

1st — J. J. Harrington Lewiston 

1st — George M. Wood Camden 

2nd — Edgar J. Gurganus Will lams ton 

3rd — Norris ('. Reed, Jr New Bern 

4 til — Julian R. Allsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

4tli — Vernon E. White Winterville 

5th— Charles H. Larkins, Jr Kinston 

6th— Albert J. Ellis Jacksonville 

7th — Edward F. Griffin Louisburg 

8th— J. Marvin Johnson Smithfleld 

8th— J. Russell Kirby Wilson 

9th — Lindsay ('. Warren, Jr Goldsboro 

10th — John J. Burney, Jr Wilmington 

10th — Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

11th — Gordon I'. Allen Roxboro 

11th — Claude Currie Durham 

12th— J. Ruffin Bailey Raleigh 

12th — Jyles J. Coggins Raleigh 

13th— William W. Staton Sanford 

14th— John T. Henley Hope Mills 

14th— N. Hector McGeachy, Jr Fayetteville 

15th — Sankey W. Robinson Wliiteville 

Itith — Frank R. IVnn Reidsville 

17th— Ralph H. Scott Rt. 1, Haw River 

18th — Hargrove (Skipper) Bowles Greensboro 

18th — Elton Edwards Greensboro 

18th— Coolidge Murrow (R) High Point 

19th — W. D. James Hamlet 

19th — William P. Saunders Southern Pines 

20th— Hector MaiLean Lumberton 

21st — Fred Folger. Jr Mount Airy 

22nd — Harry Bagnal (R) Winston-Salem 

22nd— Mrs. Geraldine R. Nielson (R) Winston-Salem 

23rd— Odell Sapp (R) Salisbury 

24th — John R. Boger, Jr Concord 

24th — Frank N. Patterson. Jr. .\lbemarle 

25th— Thomas Rhudy Bryan, Sr. (R) Wilkesboro 

26th — Norman H. Joyner (R) Troutman 

26th— J. Reid Poovev (R) Hickory 

27th— Mrs. Martha W. Evans Charlotte 

27th— Charles K. Maxwell Rt. 1, Huntersville 

27th— Herman A. Moore ... Rt. 1, Matthews 

281h— David T. Flaherty (R) Lenoir 

29th— Marshall A. Ranch Gastonia 

29th — Jack H. White Kings Mountain 

30th— Clyde M. Norton Old Fort 

31st— Bruce B. Briggs (R) Mars Hill 

31st— R. Theodore Dent (R) Asheville 

32nd— Carroll W. Wilkie (R) Rt. 1, Fletcher 

33rd— Herman H. West (R) Murphy 



Senatp: 429 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 
OF THE SENATE 

1969 

SENATE RULES, SESSION 1969 

Order of Business 

RULE 1. Rules controlling the Senate of North Carolina and its 
committees. — The following rules shall govern and control all 
actions and procedures of the Senate and its committees. 

RULE 2. Convening hour. — The President shall take the chair 
at the hour fixed by the Senate upon adjournment on the preced- 
ing legislative day, and shall call the members to order. In case 
the Senate adjourned on the preceding legislative day without 
having fixed the hour of reconvening, the Senate shall reconvene 
on the next legislative day at 12:00 noon. 

RULE 3. Opening the session. — The President shall, upon order 
being obtained, have the sessions of the Senate opened with 
prayer. 

RULE 4. Convening in absence of President. — In the absence 
of the President, the President pro tempore shall reconvene the 
Senate and preside, and during such time shall be vested with 
all powers of the President except that of casting a vote in case 
of tie when he shall have voted as a Senator. And in the event 
of the absence of the President and President pro tempore at any 
time fixed for the reconvening of the Senate, the Principal Clerk 
of the Senate, or in his absence also, some member of the Senate 
Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate, shall call the 
Senate to order and designate some member to act as President. 

RULE 5. Quorum. — (a) A quorum consists of a majority of all 
the qualified members of the Senate. 

(b) When a lesser number than a quorum convene, the Sena- 
tors present may send the doorkeeper or any person, for any or 
all absent Senators, as a majority of the Senators present de- 
termine. 



4;>0 North Cauomna Manual 

RULE 6. Approval of Journal. — After the prayer, and upon ap- 
pearance of a quorum, the President shall cause the Journal of 
the preceding? day to be read and approved, unless the Chairman 
of the Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate or some 
member of the Senate by motion sustained by a majority of the 
members present, have the reading thereof dispensed with and 
the same approved as written. 

RULE 7. Order of Business. — After approval of the journal, the 
order of business shall be as follows: 

( 1 ) Reports of standing committees. 

(2) Reports of select committees. 

(3) Introduction of bills, petitions, and resolutions. 

(4) Messages from the House of Representatives. 

(5) Unfinished business of preceding day. 

(6) Special orders. 

(7) General Orders — First, local bills on third reading roll 
call, then local bills on second reading roll call. After that the 
viva voce second reading local calendar in numerical order, taking 
up the Senate bills in first order. After disposition of the local 
calendar, the public calendar of bills will be considered in the 
same order, that is: 

(a) Third reading roll call bills. 

(b) Second reading roll call bills. 

(c) Second reading bills to be considered viva voce, with Sen- 
ate bills taking precedence in order over House bills. 

But messages from the Governor and House of Representatives 
and communications and reports from State officers and reports 
from the Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate may 
be received and acted on under any order of business. 

Conduct of Debate 

RULE 8. President to maintain order. — The President shall have 
general direction of the Hall of the Senate and shall be authorized 
to take such action as is necessary to maintain order, and in case 
of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lob- 
bies, he shall have the power to order the same cleared. 



Senate 431 

RULE 9. Substitution for president. — The President shall have 
the right to call on any member to perform the duties of the 
Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond one day. 

RULE 10. Points of order. — (a) The President shall preserve or- 
der and decorum and proceed with the business of the Senate 
according to the rules adopted. He shall decide all questions of 
order, subject to an appeal to the Senate by any member, on 
which appeal no member shall speak more than once unless by 
leave of the Senate. A two-thirds vote of the members present 
is necessary to sustain any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

(b) In the event the Senate Rules do not provide for, or cover 
any point of order raised by any Senator, the rules of the United 
States House of Representatives shall govern. 

(c) When a Senator is called to order he shall take his seat 
until the President determines whether he was in order or not; 
if decided to be out of order, he shall not proceed without the 
permission of the Senate, and every question of order shall be 
decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the Senate by 
any Senator; and if a Senator is called to order for words spoken, 
the words excepted to shall be immediately taken down in writ- 
ing, that the President or the Senate may be better able to judge 
of the matter. 

RULE 11. Debating and voting by Lieutenant Governor. — The 
Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, being a Con- 
stitutional Officer shall not have the right to debate any question 
or to address the Senate upon any proposition unless by permis- 
sion of the majority of members present, and shall have the right 
to vote only when there is a tie vote upon any question or elec- 
tion. 

RULE 12. Obtaining recognition. — (a) When any Senator is about 
to speak in debate or deliver any matter to the Senate, he shall 
rise from his seat and respectfully address the President. No 
member shall speak until recognized by the President, and when 
two or more members rise at the same time, the President shall 
name the member to speak. 

(b) A Senator who has the floor may yield the floor to another 
Senator only for the purpose of allowing another Senator to state 



432 North Carolina Manual 

a question. Only the Chair may award the floor to any Senator 
for the purpose of allowing that Senator to engage in general 
debate. 

RULE 13. Recognition for extending courtesies. — Courtesies of 
the floor and galleries shall be extended only by the President 
on his own motion or upon the written request of a member of 
the Senate to former members of the General Assembly or to 
visiting distinguished visitors. 

Members may designate Honorary Pages by a statement de- 
livered to the Principal Clerk who will have a certificate issued 
therefor. 

The President may upon written request at intervals between 
various orders of business extend courtesies to schools or other 
special large groups visiting in the galleries while they are pres- 
ent, and the President shall, at such times as he deems appro- 
priate, express to those visitors in the galleries the pleasure of 
the Senate for their presence. 

RULE 14. Limitations on individual debate. — (a) No Senator 
shall speak or debate more than three times nor longer than 
forty-five minutes on the same day on the same subject without 
leave of the Senate. 

(b) By permission of the President any member of the Senate 
may address the Senate from the lectern located on the floor be- 
fore the dias for the purpose of explaining a bill or resolution, 
stating a point of personal privilege or for the purpose of debate. 

RULE 15. Priority of business.— A.\\ questions relating to priority 
of business shall be decided without debate. 

RULE 16. Reading of papers. — When the reading of a paper, other 
than a petition, is called for, and any Senator objects to the read- 
ing, the question shall be determined by the Senate without 
debate. 

RULE 17. General decorum. — (a) Senators and visitors shall un- 
cover their heads upon entering the Senate Chamber while the 
Senate is in session and shall continue uncovered during their 
continuance in the Chamber, unless one's religion requires their 
heads to be covered. 



Sknate 433 

(b) No remark reflecting personally upon the action of any 
Senator shall be in order upon the floor of the Senate unless 
preceded by a motion or resolution of censure. 

(c) When the President is putting a question, or a division 
by counting is in progress, no Senator shall walk out of or across 
the Chamber, nor when a Senator is speaking, pass between him 
and the President. 

(d) When a motion to adjourn or for recess is affirmatively 
determined, no member or officer shall leave his place until ad- 
journment or recess is declared by the President. 

(e) Smoking shall not be allowed on the floor or galleries of 
the Senate during Sessions. 

Motions 

RULE 18. Motions generally.- — All motions shall be reduced to 
writing, if desired by the President or a Senator, delivered at the 
table, and read by the President or Reading Clerk before the 
same are debated; but any motion may be withdrawn by the 
introducer at any time before decision or amendment. 

RULE 19. Motions — Order of precedence. — When a question is 
before the Senate no motion shall be received except those herein 
specified, which motions shall have precedence as follows, viz: 

(1 ) To adjourn. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 

(7) To commit to a select committee. 

(8) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. 

RULE 20. Motions to adjourn and to lay on the table. — The mo- 
tions to adjourn and to lay on the table shall be decided without 
debate, and the motion to adjourn shall always be in order when 
made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 



434 Ndinii Cauoi.ixa Mamai. 

RULE 21. Motions to postpone to certain dut/ and to commit. — • 
The respective motions to postpone to a certain day, or to coni- 
niit to a standing or select committee, shall preclude debate on 
the main question. 

RULE 22. Action %clien j)revio\is question pending. — When a mo- 
tion for the previous question is made and is pending, debate shall 
cease. After a motion for the previous question is made, pending 
a second thereto, any member may give notice that he desires to 
otter an amendment to the bill or other matter under considera- 
tion, and after the previous question is seconded such member 
shall be entitled to offer his amendment in pursuance of such 
notice. 

RULE 23. Motion for preiuous question. — The previous question 
shall be as follows: "Shall the main question be now put?" and 
until it is decided shall preclude all amendments and debate. If 
this (luestion is decided in the affirmative, the "main question" 
shall be on the passage of the bill, resolution, or other matter 
under consideration, but when amendments are pending the ques- 
tion shall be taken upoti such amendments in their inverse order, 
without further debate or amendment: Provided, that no one 
shall move the previous question except the member submitting 
the report on the bill or other matter under consideration, and 
the member introducing the bill or other matter under consid- 
eration or the member in charge of the measure, who shall be 
designated by the chairman of the committee reporting the same 
to the Senate at the time the bill or other matter under considera- 
tion is reported to the Senate or taken up for consideration. 

RULE 24. Motion to reconsider. — When a question has been once 
put and decided, any Senator who voted in the majority may 
move to reconsideration thereof; but no motion for the recon- 
sideration of any vote shall be in order after the bill, resolution, 
message, report, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was 
taken has gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor shall any 
motion for reconsideration be in order unless made on the same 
day or in the next following legislative day on which the vote 
proposed to be reconsidered took place, unless the motion is made 
by the Committee on Rules for verbal or grammatical errors in 
the bills, when the motion may be made at any time: Provided, 



Senate ' 435 

that when the next legislative day has by motion of the Senate, 
been restricted as to matters which may be considered, a motion 
to reconsider shall be in order on the next succeeding day upon 
which regular business is conducted. No question shall be re- 
considered more than once. . 



Voting 

RULE 25. PxitUng question ; division. — All questions for a vote 
shall be put as follows: "Those in favor say 'Aye', and after the 
affirmative vote is expressed — "Opposed 'No'." After which the 
President will announce the result. If a division on any vote is 
desired, it must be called for immediately before the result of 
the voting is announced on any question, and upon such call, the 
President shall require the members to stand and be counted for 
and against any proposition under consideration. 

RULE 26. Voti7ig by ayes and noes. — The ayes and noes may be 
called for on any question before the vote is taken, and if the 
call is sustained by one-fifth of the Senators present, the roll of 
the Senate shall be called and the ayes and noes taken, and the 
same shall be entered upon the Journal. If a Senator desires the 
ayes and noes recorded on any question, he shall address the 
Chair and obtain recognition and say, "Upon that vote or question 
I call for the ayes and noes." Whereupon the President shall 
say, "Is the call sustained?" If one-fifth of the members present 
then stand the roll is called and the ayes and noes recorded. If 
less than one-fifth present stands, the Chair announces, "An in- 
sufficient number up" and a iHva voce vote is then taken. 

RULE 27. Dividing question. — If any question contains several 
distinct propositions, it shall be divided by the President, at the 
request of any Senator, provided each subdivision, if left to itself, 
forms a substantive proposition. 

RULE 28. Duty to vote. — Every Senator who is within the bar of 
the Senate when the question is stated by the chair shall vote 
thereon, unless he is excused by the Senate or unless he is 
directly interested in the question; and the bar of the Senate 
shall include the entire Senate chamber. 



4:56 NOHTM CaKOI.INA MANt'AI, 

RULE 29. Excused from voting. — Any Senator requesting to be 
excused from voting may make, either immediately before or 
after the vote has been called for and before the result has been 
announced, a brief statement of the reasons for making such 
request, and the question shall then be taken without debate. 

RULE 30. Explanation of vote. — Any Senator may explain his 
vote on any bill pending by obtaining permission of the President 
before the vote is put: Provided, that not more than three min- 
utes shall be consumed in such explanation. 

Coiiiniitt<'es 

RULE 31. Appointment of committees. — The President of the 
Senate, unless he has by law disqualified himself from that office, 
shall have the exclusive right and authority to appoint all Com- 
mittees, regular or select, and to appoint Committee Chairmen 
and Vice Chairmen, and he is specifically authorized to appoint 
four Chairmen of four Subcommittees of the Committee on Ap- 
propriations; but he may delegate said authority in any instance, 
as he may choose. Upon the recommendation of the Committee 
on Rules and Operation of the Senate, the Senate may authorize 
additional standing committees. 

RULE 32. List of standing committees. — The standing committees 
shall be: 

1. Agriculture 

2. Alcoholic Beverage Control 

3. Appropriations, consisting of four subcommittees: 

(a) Appropriations subcommittee on Health, Welfare and 
Institutional Care 

(b) Appropriations subcommittee on Education 

(c) Appropriations subcommittee on Ceneral Government 
and Transportation 

(d) Appropriations subcommittee on Personnel and Long- 
range Planning 

4. Banking 

5. Conservation and Development 

6. Constitution 

7. Correctional Institutions and Law Enforcement 



Senate 437 

8. Courts and Judicial Districts 

9. Education 

10. Election Laws , ,. 

11. Finance 

12. Higher Education 

13. Highway Safety 

14. Insurance • 

15. Judiciary No. 1 

16. Judiciary No. 2 

17. Libraries 

18. Local Government ; 

19. Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

20. Mental Health 

21. Personnel and Employment Programs 

22. Public Health 

23. Public Roads 

24. Public Utilities 

25. Public Welfare 

2 6. Rules and Operation of the Senate 

27. State Government , , 

28. University Trustees , 

29. Veterans and Military Affairs 

30. Wildlife 

RULE 33. Notice of committee m,eetings. — Public notice of all 
committee meetings shall be given in the Senate. The required 
notice may be waived as to any meeting by the attendance at that 
meeting of all of the members of the committee, or by personal 
waiver. 

RULE 34. Membership of committees ; quor U7n.—Memhershii) on 
standing committees shall consist of not more than 16 or less 
than 8 Senators, including the Chairman and Vice Chairman who 
shall be designated by the President: Provided, the committee 
membership on the Committee on Appropriations and the Com- 
mittee on Finance shall not be limited as to membership but 



438 NouTii Carolina Mamai. 

shall be left to the discretion of the President. No Senator shall 
hold membership on more than eight standing committees unless 
the Committee on Rules provides otherwise. A quorum of any 
committee shall consist of a majority of the committee. 

RULE 35. Roll call vote in committees. — No roll call vote may 
be taken by any committee. 

RULE 36. Committee meetings. — No committee or subcommittee 
shall hold a secret meeting, and all meetings of committees and 
subcommittees shall be open to the public: Provided, that any 
committee or subcommittee has the inherent right to hold an 
executive session when it determines that it is absolutely neces- 
sary to have such a session in order to prevent personal embar- 
rassment, or when it is in the best interests of the State; and in 
no event shall final action be taken by any committee or subcom- 
mittee except in open session. 

Handling Bills 

RULE 37. Construction of rules. — All provisions of these rules 
applying to bills shall apply also to resolutions, memorials and 
petitions. 

RULE 38. Introductio7i of bills. — (a) Bills submitted for intro- 
duction shall be in the form prescribed by the Committee on Rules. 
When a bill which is introduced is not in the prescribed form, the 
Principal Clerk shall cause the bill to be retyped in the prescribed 
form, and the retyped copy shall become the official copy of the 
bill for all purposes. The original bill shall then be returned to 
the introducer of the bill and shall not become a part of the 
records or documents of the Senate. 

(b) Whenever a bill is introduced, 20 copies shall be submit- 
ted to the Principal Clerk. Any bill submitted without the re- 
quired number of copies shall be immediately returned to the 
introducer. 

RULE 39. Presenting pajjers to Senate. — Every bill, presented to 
the Senate shall contain on the outside cover the title of the docu- 
ment and the name of the Senator or Senators presenting it. All 
bills, shall be delivered to the Principal Clerk who shall hand 
them to the President to be referred. The President shall an- 



Senate 439 

nounce the titles and references of the documents, and this infor- 
mation shall be entered on the Journal. 

RULE 40. Deadline on introduction of certain bills. — All bills 
prepared to be introduced by departments, agencies or institutions 
of the State must be introduced in the Senate, not later than 
March 22 of the session. All local bills must be introduced not 
later than March 15 of the session. 

RULE 41. References of appropriations and finance bills. — All 
bills introduced in the Senate providing for appropriations from 
the State, or any subdivision thereof, shall, before being considered 
by the Senate be referred to the Committee on Appropriations, 
and bills referred to other committees carrying any such provi- 
sions shall be re-referred to the Senate as being bills to be con- 
sidered by the Appropriations Committee before proper action may 
be taken by the Senate. All bills introduced in the Senate provid- 
ing for bond issues, levying taxes, or in any manner affecting the 
taxing power of the State or any subdivision thereof, shall before 
being considered by the Senate, be referred to the Committee on 
Finance, and bills referred to other committees carrying any such 
provisions shall be re-referred to the Senate as being bills to be 
considered by the Finance Committee before proper action may 
be taken by the Senate. 

RULE 42. First reading: reference to committee. — All bills shall 
be read by their titles, which reading shall constitute the first 
reading of the bills, and unless otherwise disposed of shall be 
referred to the proper committee. 

RULE 43. Bills to receive three readings. — Every bill shall re- 
ceive three readings previous to being passed, and the President 
shall give notice at each whether it be the first, second, or third. 
After the first reading, unless a motion is made by some Senator, 
the President shall refer the bill to an appropriate committee. No 
bill shall be amended upon the floor of the Senate until it has 
been twice read. 

RULE 44. Reports of committees. — Every Senator presenting a 
report of a committee shall endorse the report with the name of 
the committee and, in case of a minority report, with the names 



440 Noin II Cakomna Mantal 

of the members making the report. The report of the committee 
shall show that a majority of the committee were present and 
voted. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution 
shall stand upon the general orders with the bill or resolution. 

RULE 45. Unfavorable report by committee. — (a) All bills re- 
ported unfavorably by the committee to which they were referred, 
and having no minority report, shall lie upon the table, but may 
be taken from the table, and placed upon the calendar by a two- 
third vote of those present and voting. 

(b) When a bill is reported by a committee with an unfavorable 
report, but accompanied by a minority report, signed by at least 
three members of the committee who were present and who voted 
on the bill when the bill was considered in committee, then the 
minority report shall be placed on the calendar and considered 
the following day, and the question before the Senate shall be 
"The adoption of the Minority Report" and if failing to be adopted 
by a majority vote, the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable 
calendar. 

RULE 46. Recall of bill from committee. — When a bill has been 
introduced and referred to a committee, if after ten days the 
committee has failed to report thereon, then the author of the 
bill may, after three days' public notice given in the Senate, on 
motion supported by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present 
and voting, recall the bill from the committee to the floor of the 
Senate for consideration and such action thereon as a majority 
of the Senators present may direct. 

RULE 47. Calendar; order to be followed. — The President and 
the Principal Clerk of the Senate shall see that all bills are acted 
upon by the Senate in order in which they stand upon the calen- 
dar, unless otherwise ordered as hereinafter provided. The pub- 
lished calendar shall include all bills reported favorably from 
committees, or reported with a minority report attached, or placed 
on the calendar on motion: Provided, that the published local 
calendar may carry the number of each bill, the county or coun- 
ties referred to. and an abbreviated statement of the title of the 
bill. 



Senate 441 

RULE 48. Considering hills out of regular order. — Except as pro- 
vided in Rule 49, any bill or other matter may be taken up out 
of order upon order of the President or upon motion sustained 
by a majority of the membership present and voting. 

RULE 49. Third reading requirements. — No bill on its third 
reading shall be acted upon out of the regular order in which it 
stands on the Calendar, and no bill shall be acted upon on its 
third reading the same day on which it passed its second reading 
unless so ordered by two-thirds of the Senators present. 

RULE 50. Special orders. — Any bill or other matter may be made 
a special order for a particular day or hour by a vote of the ma- 
jority of the Senators voting, and if it shall not be completed on 
that day, it shall be returned to its place on the Calendar, unless 
it is made a special order for another day; and when a special 
order is under consideration it shall take precedence over any 
special order or subsequent order for the day, but such subsequent 
order may be taken up immediately after the previous special 
order has been disposed of. 

RULE 51. Procedure tohen necessary number of Senators not 
present. — If, on taking the question on a bill, it appears that a con- 
stitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill requires a vote 
of certain proportion of all the Senators to pass it, and it appears 
that such number is not present, the bill shall be again read and 
the question taken thereon; if the bill fails a second time for the 
want of the necessary number being present and voting, the bill 
shall not be finally lost, but shall be returned to the calendar in 
its proper order. 

RULE 52. Effect of defeated bill.-— (a) After a bill has been tabled 
or has failed to pass on any of its readings, the contents of such 
bill or the principal provisions of its subject matter shall not be 
embodied in any other measure. Upon the point of order being 
raised and sustained by the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon 
the table, and shall not be taken therefrom except by a vote of 
two-thirds of the qualified membership of the Senate. Provided, 
no local bill shall be held by the Chair as embodying the provi- 
sions, or being identical with any state-wide measure which has 
been laid upon the table or failed to pass any of its readings. 



442 NoKTn Cakoi.ina Maniiai, 

(b) When a bill has been postponed indefinitely by the Senate, 
the bill shall lie upon the table, and shall not be taken therefrom 
except by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 

RULE 53. Taking bill from, table. — No bill which has been laid 
upon the table shall be taken therefrom except by a vote of 
two-thirds of the Senators present. 

RULE 54. Amending titles of bills. — When a bill is materially 
modified or the scope of its application extended or decreased, or 
if the county, or counties, to which it applies is changed, the title 
of the bill shall be changed by the Senator introducing the bill 
or by the committee having it in charge, or by the Principal Clerk, 
so as to indicate the full purport of the bill as amended and the 
county or counties to which it applies. 

RULE 55. Conference committees. — Whenever the Senate declines 
or refuses to concur in amendments put by the House to a bill 
originating in the Senate, or refuses to adopt a substitute adopted 
by the House for a bill originating in the Senate a conference 
committee shall be appointed upon motion made consisting of the 
number named in the motion and the bill under consideration 
shall thereupon go to and be considered by the joint conferees 
on the part of the Senate and House. In considering matters in 
difference between the Senate and House committed to the con- 
ferees only such matters as are in difference between the two 
houses shall be considered by the conferees, and the conference 
report shall deal only with such matters. The conference report 
shall not be amended. Except as herein set out, the rules of the 
United States House of Representatives shall govern the ap- 
pointment, conduct, and reports of the conferees. 

RULE 56. Certification of passage of bills. — The Principal Clerk 
shall certify the passage of bills by the Senate, with the date 
thereof, together with the fact whether passed by vote of three- 
fifths or two-thirds of the Senate, whenever such vote may be 
required by the Constitution or laws of the State. 

RULE 57. Transmittal of bills to House. — No bill shall be sent 
from the Senate on the day of its passage except on the last day 
of the session, unless otherwise ordered by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present. 



Senate , 448 

Legislative Officers and Employees 

RULE 58. Pages. — The President of the Senate shall appoint 
pages. The President, or such person as he may designate, shall 
supervise the pages and assign to them their duties. Each page 
shall be at least 14 years of age. 

RULE 59. Sergeant-at-Arms. — (a) There shall be ten positions 
of Assistant Sergeants-at-Arms to be appointed by the Sergeant- 
at-Arms who are to work under his supervision and to be assigned 
such duties and powers as he shall direct. 

(b) The Sergeant-at-Arms shall be responsible for the safety 
of the members and employees of the Senate while in the State 
Legislative Building, or any place in which the Senate is in 
session, and shall be responsible for maintaining order in the 
State Legislative Building and adjoining parking lots, all under 
the supervision and direction of the President of the Senate. 

(c) The Sergeant-at-Arms shall serve all warrants and sub- 
poenas issued by orders of the Senate and signed by the Presi- 
dent of the Senate, and said warrants and subpoenas shall be 
returnable to the Principal Clerk of the Senate. 

(d) While the General Assembly is in session, the Sergeant- 
at-Arms of the Senate shall be the custodian of, and responsible 
for, all personal property that is assigned to the Senate during 
any session of the General Assembly and shall have the responsi- 
bility for the placement of said property in the Senate area of 
the State Legislative Building, subject to the approval of the 
Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate. At the termi- 
nation of the session, or within 30 days thereafter, the Sergeant- 
at-Arms shall prepare and deliver an inventory of all property 
belonging to the Senate to the Principal Clerk of the Senate. The 
Sergeant-at-Arms, with the approval of the Committee on Rules 
and Operation of the Senate, shall request the proper State agency 
to purchase necessary office furnishings and personal property 
needed for the operation of the Senate. 

(e) While ihe General Assembly is in session, the Sergeant-at- 
Arms shall be responsible to the Senate for all maintenance, in- 
stallations, repairs and necessary work to the physical plant, to 
the telephones and utilities, and to all personal and real prop- 
erty, in the Senate area of the State Legislative Building, subject 



444 North Carolina Manual 

to the approval of the Committee on Rules and Operation of the 
Senate. 

RULE 60. Principal Clerk's staff.— The Principal Clerk of the 
Senate shall employ all necessary employees and clerks required 
to carry out the duties of his office. The Principal Clerk shall 
have supervision and control, and shall assign such duties and 
powers as he shall direct to his employees and clerks. 

RULE 61. Committee clerks. — (a) The President of the Senate 
shall appoint clerks to such committees as he may deem necessary 
and appropriate. 

(b) All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the 
direct duties connected with their committee shall report to the 
Supervisor of Committee Clerks for such duties as may be assign- 
ed to them upon approval by Committee Chairmen. 

RULE 62. Senate Journal. — The Principal Clerk shall prepare and 
be responsible for the Journal. The Committee on Rules shall 
examine the Journal to determine if the proceedings of the pre- 
vious day have been correctly recorded. 

RULE 63. Disbursing clerk to order supplies. — (a) All necessary 
supplies and stationery for the Senate, shall be purchased upon 
requisition of the Disbursing Clerk, under the supervision of the 
President of the Senate. 

(b) All equipment, including typewriters and dictating equip- 
ment, shall be requisitioned from the Disbursing Clerk who shall 
distribute the equipment under the supervision of the Committee 
on Rules. 

General Rules 

RULE 64. President to sign papers. — All acts, addresses and reso- 
lutions, and all warrants and subpoenas issued by order of the 
Senate shall be signed by the President. 

RULE 65. Admission to the floor of the Senate. — No person except 
members of the Senate, members of the House of Representatives, 
staff of the General Assembly; Judges of the Supreme, Court 
of Appeals, and Superior Courts; the Governor and members 



Senate 445 

of the Council of State; former members of the General As- 
sembly; and persons particularly invited and extended the privi- 
leges of the floor by the President shall be admitted to the floor 
of the Senate during its session. No registered lobbyists shall 
be admitted to the floor of the Senate or Senate Chamber while 
the Senate is in Session. 

RULE 66. Privileges of the floor. — Any group or individual other 
than members of the Senate who desire to make remarks upon 
the floor of the Senate will first obtain approval of the Committee 
on Rules and Operation of the Senate. 

RULE 67. News Media. — The President is authorized to assign 
area and equipment on the floor of the Senate for the use of the 
representatives of news media; and the President shall provide 
regulations for the operation of the representatives of the news 
media on the floor of the Senate. 

RULE 68. Absence without leave. — No Senator or officer of the 
Senate shall depart the service of the Senate without leave, or 
receive pay as a Senator or officer for the time he is absent 
without leave. 

RULE 69. Placing material on Senators' desks. 

Any person other than members of the Senate desiring to place 
articles of any kind on or about desks in the Senate Chamber or 
in the offices of the members of the Senate will make written 
application to, and obtain written approval from, the Principal 
Clerk of the Senate. 

RULE 70. Assignment of offices. — The Chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Rules and Operation of the Senate, subject to the approval 
of the Committee, is authorized to make assignments of com- 
mittee rooms and offices to designated committees, chairmen, 
and members of the Senate. The office adjacent to any committee 
room assigned to a principal committee by the Chairman of the 
Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate, subject to the 
approval of the Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate, 
shall be automatically assigned to the chairman of the principal 
committee. In making such assignments of individual offices, 
the said Chairman shall give preferential consideration to the 



44 6 NoK'i'n Carolina Manuai, 

respective members according to the length of service which each 
member has rendered in the General Assembly. 

RULE 71. Administrative rules and re(/ulations involving Senate 
employees. — All administrative rules, regulations and orders in- 
volving all individuals employed to perform duties for the Senate, 
other than those appointed by the Principal Clerk and the Ser- 
geant-at-Arms, shall be first approved by the Committee on Rules 
and Operation of the Senate. 

RULE 72. Notice of public hearings. — Notice shall be given not 
less than five calendar days prior to public hearings. Such no- 
tices shall be issued as information for the press and shall be 
posted in the offices of the Principal Clerks. 

RULE 73. Public hearings, filing of written statements. — Persons 
desiring to appear and be heard at a public hearing are encouraged 
to file a brief or a written statement of the remarks to be made 
at least 24 hours before the time of the hearing. 

RULE 74. Voting in Joint Sessions. — When any Senate commit- 
tee sits jointly with the House Committee, the Senate Committee 
reserves the right to vote separately from the House Committee. 

RULE 75. Alteration, suspension or rescission of rules. — No rule 
of the Senate shall be altered, suspended, or rescinded except on a 
two-thirds vote of the Senators present. 



Senate 



447 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 

SESSION 1969 



Coggins 
Griffin 
Johnson 
Joyner 



COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE 

MacLEAN, Chairman 

BOWLES, Yice Chairman 

WOOD, Vice Chairman 



Larkins 

Robinson 

Scott 



White of 

Pitt 
Wilkie 



COMMITTEE OX ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE CONTROL 

CURRIE. Chairman 
WARREN of Wayne. Yice Chairman 



Briggs 
Harrington 
MacLean 
Maxwell 



Nielson 
Reed 

Warren of 
Sampson 



West 
White of 

Cleveland 
Wood 



Allen 

Allsbrook 

Bagnal 

Bailey 

Boger 

Burney 

Coggins 

Dent 

Edwards 

Flaherty 



COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 

WARREN of Wayne, Chairman 



Folger 


Poovey 


Gurganus 


Ranch 


Harrington 


Reed 


Henley 


Robinson 


James 


Sapp 


Larkins 


Saunders 


MacLean 


West 


Moore 


White of 


Marrow 


Pitt 


Norton 





44 8 NoKTir Carolina Manitai, 

AJ»PIl()l»RIATIO\S SriiCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH, WEIiFAKE 
AND INSTITUTIONAL CARE 

COGGINS, Chairman 
JAMES, Vice Chairman 
GURGANUS, Vice CJiairman 
Bagnal Folger Reed 

Flaherty 

APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION 

MOORE, Chairman 
NORTON, Vice Chairman 

Bailey Burney White of 

Boger Sapp Pitt 

APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE ON GENERAli 
GOVERNMENT AND TRANSPORTATION 

HENLEY, Chairman 
HARRINGTON, Vice Chairman 

Allsbrook Murrow West 

Larkins Saunders 

APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE ON PERSONNEL AND 
LONG-RANGE PLANNING 

RAUCH, Chair^nan 
EDWARDS, Vice Chairman 

Allen MacLean Robinson 

Dent Poovey 

COMMITTEE ON BANKING 

WARREN of Sampson, Chairman 

ELLIS, Vice Chairman 

BAGNAL, Vice Chairman 

Bailey Folger Saunders 

Bowles Kirby Warren of 

Coggins MacLean Wayne 

Currie Moore Wood 

Dent Sapp 



Senate 



449 



COMMITTEE ON CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

BURNEY, Chairman 

PATTERSON, Vice Chairman 

SAUNDERS, Vice Chairman 

Robinson 
Sapp 
Staton 
West 



lien 


Griffin 


llsbrook 


Moore 


oger 


Norton 


ent 


Reed 



COMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTION 

ALLSBROOK, Chairman 
STATON, Vice Chairman 

Boger Gurganus Sapp 

Brlggs McGeachy White of 

Burney Nlelson Cleveland 

Edwards Robinson 



COMMITTEE ON CORRECTIONAL. INSTITUTIONS AND 
LAW ENFORCEMENT 

MAXWELL, Chairman 
SCOTT, Vice Chairman 



Allsbrook 
Bailey 



Gurganus 
Larklns 



Murrow 
West 



COMMITTEE ON COURTS AND JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 



BAILEY, Chairman 
HARRINGTON, Vice Chairmxin 



Bryan 

Burney 

Edwards 

Ellis 



Folger 


Warren of 


Gurganus 


Wayne 


Reed 


White of 


Sapp 


Cleveland 



4 50 



NoiMH Carolina Manu.m. 



Allen 
Bagnal 
Flaherty 
Henley 



C'OM.MITTEK ON EDUCATION 

EVANS, Chairman 

BOWLES, Vice Chairman 

WARREN of Sampson, Vice Chairman 



James 

Johnson 

Norton 



Patterson 

Staton 

Wilkie 



Boger 

Bowles 

Briggs 



COMMITTEE ON ELECTION liAWS 

NORTON, Chairman 
KIRBY, Vice Chairman 



Ellis 

James 

Moore 



Nielsen 
Scott 



Briggs 

Bryan 

Currie 

Ellis 

Evans 

Griffin 

Johnson 



COMMITTEE ON FINANCE 

SCOTT, Chairman 

WHITE of Cleveland, Vice Chairman 

BOWLES, Vice Chairman 



Joyner 

Kirby 

McGeachy 

Maxwell 

Nielson 

Patterson 



Penn 
Staton 
Warren of 
Sampson 
Wilkie 
Wood 



COMMITTEE ON HIGHER EDUCATION 

KIRBY, Chairman 

BOGER, Vice Chairman 

COGGINS, Vice Chairman 

Warren of 
Wayne 

White of 
Pitt 



Burney 


MacLean 


Currie 


Maxwell 


Dent 


Nielson 


Folger 


Poovey 


Harrington 


Ranch 



Senate 



451 



Flaherty 

Griffin 

Maxwell 



COMMITTEE ON HIGHWAY SAFETY 

WOOD, Chairman 

JOHNSON, Vice Chairman 

PENN, Vice Chairman 

Poovey White of 

West Pitt 



COMMITTEE ON INSURANCE 



Allsbrook 

Bagnal 

Briggs 

Burney 

Currie 



EDWARDS, Chairman 
ALLEN, Vice Chairman 

Ellis 
Flaherty 
Henley 
James 



Kirby 
Ranch 
Warren of 
Sampson 



Bailey 
Bryan 
Currie 



COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY NO. 1 

ELLIS, Chairman 

ALLSBROOK, Vice Chairman 

GURGANUS, Vice Chairman 

McGeachy Warren of 

Nielson Wayne 

Penn Warren of 

Sampson 



Briggs 
Burney 
Edwards 
Kirby 



COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY NO. 2 

BOGER, Chairman 
FOLGER, Vice Chairman 
STATON, Vice Chairman 



Patterson 
Reed 
Robinson 
Sapp 



White of 
Cleveland 



452 Nourii (\\koi.i.\a Mamai. 

COM.MITTKK ON LIIJRARIES 

COGGINS. Chairman 
MacLEAN. Vice Chairman 

Allen Joyner White of 

Bagnal Larkins Pitt 

Dent Scott 



('()>i>nTTEE ON i.ocaij (;overnment 

WHITE of Cleveland, Chairman 

McGEACHY, Vice Chairman 

PENN, Vice Chairman 

Bagnal Johnson Warren of 

Bowles Maxwell Sampson 

Briggs Patterson Wilkie 

COMMITTEE ON MAN IFACTl RING, K\BOR AND COMMERCE 

STATON, Chairman 
RAUCH, Vice Chairman 

Coggins Griffin MacLean 

Currie Harrington Murrow 

Flaherty Larkins Wilkie 

COMMITTEE ON MENTAL HEALTH 

PENN, Chairman 
LARKINS, Vice Chairman 

Allsbrook James White of Pitt 

Coggins Joyner Wilkie 

Evans Poovey 

Flaherty Scott 

( OMMITTEE ON PERSONNEL AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS 

PATTERSON, Chairman 

RAUCH, Vice Chairman 
Briggs Moore Robinson 

Evans Poovev Saunders 



Senate 



453 



Boger 
Johnson 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC HEALTH 

JAMES, Chairman 

EVANS, Vice Chairman 

HENLEY, Yice Chairman 

Joyner Poovey 

Norton 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC ROADS 

HARRINGTON, Chairman 
MAXWELL, Yice Chaitman 
ROBINSON, Vice Chairman 



Allsbrook 


Murrow 


Gurganus 


Norton 


Henley 


Reed 



Saunders 

West 

Wood 



Allen 
Bryan 
Dent 
Harrington 



C03IMITTEE ON PUBLIC UTILITIES 

SAUNDERS, Chairman 
BAILEY, Vice Chairman 

Penn Warren of 
Rauch Wayne 

Scott Wilkie 
Staton 



Allen 

Bowles 

Henley 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WELFARE 

GURGANUS, Chairman 
EVANS, Vice Chairman 

James Murrow 

Joyner West 

Larklns 



COMMITTEE ON RULES AND OPERATION OF THE SENATE 

McGEACHY, Chairman 

MOORE, Vice Chairman 

DENT, Vice Chairman 

Bagnal Bailey White of 

Burney Edwards Cleveland 

Ellis Norton 



454 NoHTFi Cakoi.ina Manuai, 

ro>IMITTKK ON HTATK GOVKTJNMENT 

HENLEY, Chairman 
GRIFFIN, Vice Chairman 

Dent Ellis Flaherty 

Edwards Evans Patterson 



rOMMITTEE ON UNIVERSITY TRUSTEES 

BOWLES, Chairman 
CURRIE, Vice Chairman 

Bryan Murrow Sapp 

James Nielson Saunders 

McGeachy Ranch Wood 



COMMITTEE ON VETERANS AND MILITARY AFFAIRS 

GRIFFIN, Chairman 
REED, Vice Chairman 

Bryan Johnson Kirby 

Folger Joyner Murrow 



COMMITTEE ON WILDLIFE 

MOORE, Chairman 
WHITE of Pitt. Vice Chairman 

Bryan McGeachy Warren of 

Folger Poovey Sampson 

Harrington Penn 





PRESIDE/^ 



4 56 North Carolina Manual 

SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1969 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATE 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name County Address Seat 

1st — J. J. HarrinKton Bertie Lewiston 45 

1st — GeorRe M. Wood Camden Camden 44 

2nd — Edgar J. GurKanus Martin Williamston 6 

3rd — Norris C. Reed, Jr Craven New Bern 15 

4th — Julian R. Allsbrook Halifax Roanoke Rapids 1 

4th— Vernon E. White Pitt Winterville 10 

5th — Charles H. Larkins, Jr Lenoir Kinston 29 

6th — Albert J. Ellis Onslow Jacksonville 50 

7th— Kdu.ird F. Griffin Franklin Louisburg 9 

8th — J. Marvin Johnson Johnston Smith field 27 

8th — J. Russell Kirby Wilson Wilson 28 

9th — Lindsay C. Warren, Jr Wayne Goldsboro 46 

10th — John J. Burney, Jr New Hanover. Wilmington 13 

10th — Stewart B. Warren Sampson Clinton 14 

11th — Gordon P. Allen Person Roxboro 18 

11th — Claude Currie Durham Durham 5 

12th— J. RufTin Bailey Wake Raleigh 26 

12th — Jyles J. Coggins Wake Raleigh 25 

13th— William W. Staton Lee Sanford 16 

14th — John T. Henley Cumberland Hope Mills 7 

14th — N. Hector McGeachy, Jr Cumberland Fayetteville 8 

15th — Sankey W. Robinson Columbus Whiteville 30 

Ifith — Frank R. Penn Rockingham Reidsville 2 

17th — Ralph H. Scott Alamance Rt. 1, Haw River 24 

18th — Hargrove (Skipper) Bowles Guilford Greensboro 23 

18th — Elton Edwards Guilford Greensboro 19 

18th— Coolidge Murrow (R) Guilford High Point 42 

19th — W. D. James Richmond Hamlet 31 

19th — William P. Saunders Moore Southern Pines 47 

20 th — Hector Mac Lean Robeson Lumberton 17 

21st — Fred Folger, Jr Surrv Mount Airy 20 

22nd— Harry Bagnal (R). Forsyth Winston-Salem 34 

22nd — Mrs. Geraldine R. Nielson (R) ...Forsyth Winston-Salem 35 

23rd— Odell Sapp ( R ) . Rowan Salisbury 33 

24th — John R. Boger, Jr Cabarrus Concord 49 

24th — Frank N. Patterson, Jr Stanly Albemarle 48 

25th— Thomas Rhudy Bryan, Sr. (R). Wilkes Wilkesboro 36 

26th — Norman H. Joyner (R) Iredell Troutman 37 

26th — J. Reid Poovey (R) Catawba Hickory 38 

27th — Mrs. Martha W. Evans Mecklenburg Charlotte 3 

27th — Charles K. Maxwell Mecklenburg Rt. 1, Huntersville 11 

27th — Herman A. Moore Mecklenburg Rt. 1. Matthews 12 

28th— David T. Flaherty (R) Caldwell I^enoir 40 

29th — Marshall A. Rauch Gaston Gastonia 22 

29th — Jack H. White Cleveland Kings Mountain 4 

30th— Clyde M. Norton McDowell Old Fort 21 

31st— Bruce B. Briggs (R) Madison Mars Hill 32 

31st— R. Theodore Dent (R) Buncombe Asheville 39 

32nd— Carroll W. Wilkie (R) Henderson Rt. 1, Fletcher 41 

33rd— Herman H. West (R) Cherokee Murphy 43 



House of Representatives 457 

Officers and Members of the House of Representatives 

OFFICERS 

Earl W. Vaughn Speaker Eden 

Mrs. Jo Ann Smith Principal Clerk Raleigh 

Sam J. Burrow, Jr Reading Clerk Asheboro 

Archie T. Lane, Sr Sergeant-at-Arms Hertford 

REPRESENTATIVES 
(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name District Party Address 

Andrews, Ike F Twentieth Democrat Siler City 

Auman, T. Clyde Twenty-eighth....Democrat West End 

Barbee, Allen C Fourteenth Democrat Spring Hope 

Barker, Chris, Jr Third Democrat New Bern 

Barr, Basil D Thirty-seventh... Democrat West Jefferson 

Baugh, Philip Jackson Thirty-sixth Democrat Charlotte 

Beam, Hugh Forty-fifth Democrat Marion 

Beard, Robert Q Fortieth Republican Rt. 3, Newton 

Beatty, James Tully (Jim) Thirty-sixth Democrat Charlotte 

Billings, Claude Thirty-eighth Republican Rt. 1, Traphill 

Blake, Colon Twenty-seventh. Republican Candor 

Boger, Gilbert Lee Thirty-ninth Republican Rt. 3, Mocksville 

Boshamer, Henry C Third Democrat Morehead City 

Bostian, Teral Thomas Forty-second Republican Rt. 1 Taylorsville 

Bradley, W. P Forty-ninth Republican Hayes ville 

Britt, William R Fifteenth Democrat Smithfield 

Bryan, Norwood E., Jr Twenty-third Democrat Fayetteville 

Bumgardner, David W., Jr Forty-first Democrat Belmont 

Burrus, Archie Second Democrat Manteo 

Campbell, A. Hartwell Filteenth Democrat Wilson 

Campbell, Hugh B., Jr Thirty-sixth Democrat Charlotte 

Campbell, R. L Twenty-fourth. ...Democrat Rowland 

Carson, James H., Jr Thirty-sixth Republican Charlotte 

Carter, Lester G., Jr Twenty-third Democrat Fayetteville 

Chase, Mrs. John B Tenth Democrat Eureka 

Church, John T Sixteenth Democrat Henderson 

Clark, Richard S Thirty-third Democrat Monroe 

Coble. J. Howard Twenty-sixth Republican Rt. 10, Greensboro 

Collins, P. C, Jr Thirty-seventh ...Democrat Laurel Springs 

Covington, John W., Jr Twenty-ninth Democrat Rockingham 

Culpepper, W. T., Jr First Democrat Elizabeth City 

DeBruhl, Claude Forty-fifth Democrat Rt. 1, Candler 

Eagles, Joe E Fourteenth Democrat Macclesfield 

Elliott, Guy Ninth Democrat Kinston 

Euliss, Jack M. Twenty-first Democrat Burlington 

Everett, J. A Seventh Democrat Palmyra 

Falls, Robert Z Forty-third Democrat Shelby 

Fenner, Julian B Fourteenth Democrat Rocky Mount 

Frye, Henry E Twenty-sixth Democrat Greensboro 

Fulton, William M Forty-second Republican Morganton 

Garner, C. Roby, Sr Twenty-seventh. Jtepublican Asheboro 

Gentry, J. Worth Thirty-seventh. ..Democrat King 

Godwin, Philip P First Democrat Gatesville 

Godwin, R. C Third Democrat New Bern 

Green, James C Twelfth Democrat Clarkton 

Gregory, Thorne Seventh Democrat Scotland Neck 

Harkins, Herschel S Forty-fifth Democrat Asheville 

Harris, W. S., Jr Twenty-first Democrat Rt. 1, Graham 

Haynes, Jeter L Thirty-eighth Republican Jonesville 

Hege, Joe H., Jr Thirty-first Republican Lexington 

Hicks. Ernest L Thirty-sixth Democrat Charlotte 

Hofler, W. Hance Eighteenth Democrat Durham 

Holshouser, James E., Jr Forty-fourth Republican Boone 

Horton, Hamilton C, Jr Thirtieth. Republican Winston-Salem 

Jemison, Howard A Thirtieth Republican Rt. 8, Winston-Salem 



458 North Carolina Manual 

Name District Party Address 

JerniKan, Roberts H., Jr Sixth Democrat Ahoskie 

Johnson, Hugh S., Jr Eleventh Democrat Rose Hill 

Johnson, James C, Jr Thirty-fifth .. Republican Concord 

Johnson, Samuel H Nineteenth Democrat Raleigh 

Jones, Arthur H Thirty-sixth Democrat Charlotte 

Jones, Robert A Forty-third Democrat Forest City 

Kincaid, Donald R Forty-second Republican Lenoir 

Leatherman, C. E Forty-first Democrat Lincolnton 

Lilley, Daniel T Ninth Democrat Kinston 

Love, Jimmy L Twenty-second... Democrat Sanford 

Martin, Perry Sixth Democrat Rich Square 

Mauney, W. K., Jr Forty-third Democrat Kings Mountain 

Mayfield, J. T Forty-sixth Republican Rt. 1, Flat Rock 

McDaniel, C. Dempsey Thirtieth Republican Rt. 1, Kernersville 

McFadyen, Neill L Twenty-fourth....Democrat Raeford 

McKnight, Ed M Thirtieth Republican Rt. 2, Clemmons 

McMichael, Jule Twenty-fifth Democrat Reidsville 

McMillan, A. A Nineteenth Democrat Raleigh 

McMillan, R. D., Jr Twenty-fourth. ..Democrat Red Springs 

Messer, Ernest B Forty-seventh Democrat Canton 

Mills, Fred M., Jr Thirty-third Democrat Wadesboro 

Mitchell, Austin A. Thirty-fourth Republican Kannapolis 

Mohn, J. F Fourth Democrat Richlands 

Moore, Reuben L Fourth Democrat Atkinson 

Paschall, J. Ernest Fifteenth Democrat Wilson 

Payne, Robert Odell Twenty-sixth Republican Rt. 2, Gibsonville 

Penny, James F., Jr Twenty-second... Democrat Lillington 

Penny, Wade H., Jr Eighteenth Democrat Durham 

Penton, Howard A. Jr Fifth Democrat Wilmington 

Phillips, C. W. (Charlie), Sr... Twenty-sixth Democrat Greensboro 

Quinn, Dwight W Thirty-fifth Democrat Kannapolis 

Ragsdale, Hugh A Fourth Democrat Richlands 

Ramsey, James E Seventeenth Democrat Roxboro 

Ramsey, Liston B Forty-seventh Democrat Marshall 

Raynor, Joe B., Jr Twenty-third Democrat Fayetteville 

Reid, David E., Jr Eighth Democrat Greenville 

Rhyne, Jack L Forty- first Democrat Belmont 

Ridenour, John L. Ill Twenty-sixth Democrat Greensboro 

Roberson, William R., Jr Second Democrat Washington 

Rose, Charles G., Jr Twenty-third Democrat Fayetteville 

Rountree, H. Horton Eighth Democrat Greenville 

Royall, Kenneth C, Jr Eighteenth Democrat Durham 

Short, W. Marcus Twenty-sixth Democrat Greensboro 

Snead, Edward C Fifth Democrat Wilmington 

Snvder, J. Eugene Thirty-first Republican Lexington 

Soles, R. C, Jr Thirteenth Democrat Tabor City 

Speed, James D Sixieenth Democrat Rt. 3, Louisburg 

Speros, Gus Twenty-fourth... Democrat Maxton 

Stanford, Donald Mclver Twentieth Democrat Chapel Hill 

Stevens, John S Forty-fifth Democrat Asheville 

Stewart, Carl J., Jr Forty-first Democrat Gastonia 

Strickland, Thomas E Tenth Democrat Rt. 2, Goldsboro 

Tart, C. Graham Twelfth Democrat Clinton 

Taylor, Charles H Forty-eighth Republican Brevard 

Taylor. H. W. (Pop) Nineteenth Democrat Raleigh 

Toibert, Homer B Thirty-ninth Republican Rt. 2, Cleveland 

Troxell, Samuel A Thirty-fourth Republican Rockwell 

Twiggs, Howard Nineteenth Democrat Raleigh 

Vaughn, Earl W Twenty-fifth Democrat Eden 

Vogler, James B Thirty-sixth Democrat Charlotte 

Warlick Hunter Fortieth Republican Hickory 

Watkins, William T Seventeenth Democrat Oxford 

Whitley, Clyde Hampton Thirty-second Republican Albemarle 

Williamson, Arthur W Thirteenth Democrat Chadbourn 

Wills, Marshall T Thirtieth Republican Winston-Salem 



House of Representatives 459 

representatives 

Arranged by Districts 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated.) 

District Name Address 

1st — W. T. Culpepper, Jr Elizabeth City 

1st — Philip P. Godwin Gatesville 

2nd — Archie Burrus Manteo 

2nd — William R. Roberson, Jr Washington 

3rd — Chris Barker, Jr New Bern 

3rd — Henry C. Boshamer Morehead City 

3rd— R. C. Godwin New Bern 

4th — J. F. Mohn Richlands 

4th — Reuben L. Moor% Atkinson 

4th — Hugh A. Ragsdale Richlands 

5th — Howard A. Pen ton, Jr Wilmington 

5th — Edward C. Snead Wilmington 

6th — Roberts H. Jernigan, Jr Ahoskie 

6th — Perry Martin Rich Square 

7th — J. A. Everett ...Palmyra 

7th — Thorne Gregory Scotland Neck 

8th— David E. Reid, Jr. Greenville 

Sth—H. Hoiton Kountree Greenville 

9th— Guy Elliott Kinston 

9th— Daniel T. Lilley Kinston 

10th— Mrs. John B. Chase Eureka 

10th— Thomas E. Strickland Rt. 2, Goldsboro 

11th— Hugh S. Johnson, Jr Rose Hill 

12th— James C. Green Clarkton 

12th— C. Graham Tart Chnton 

13th— R. C. Soles. Jr '^^^"L ^'*^^ 

13th— Arthur W. Williamson Chadbourn 

14th— Allen C. Barbee Spring Hope 

14th— Joe E. Eagles Macclesfield 

14th— Julian B. Fenner Rocky Mount 

15, h— William R. Britt Smithfield 

15th— A. Hartwell Campbell Wilson 

15th- J. Ernest Paschall Wilson 

16th— John T. Church Henderson 

16th— James D. Speed Rt. 3, Louisburg 

17th— James E. Ramsey Roxboro 

17th— William T. Watkins Oxford 

l><th— W. Hance Hofler Durham 

18th— Wade H. Penny, Jr Durham 

IMh— Kenneth C. Royall, Jr -Durham 

19th— Samuel H. Johnson S , !*^u 

19th— A. A. McMillan Raleigh 

19th— H. W. ( Pop) Taylor Raleigh 

19th- Howard Twiggs Raleigh 

20th— Ike F. Andrews Slier Cry 

20th— Donald Mclver Stanford Chapel Hill 

21st— Jack M. Euliss Burlington 

21st--W. S. Harris, Jr Rt- 1. Graham 

22nd- Jimmy L. Love Sanford 

22nd— James F. Penny, Jr Lillington 

23rd— Norwood E. Bryan, Jr Fayettevil e 

23rd— Lester G. Carter. Jr Fayetteville 

23rd— Joe B. Ravnor, Jr Fayetteville 

23rd Charles G. Rose, Jr Fayetteville 

24th— R. L. Campbell Rowland 

24th- Neill L. McFadyen Raeford 

24th— R. D. McMillan, Jr Red Springs 

24th— Gus Speros Miixton 

25th— Earl W. Vaughn t^f"*^" 



460 North Cakoi.ina Mamtai. 



District Name Address 

25th — Jiile McMichael Reidsville 

2f)th— J. Howard Coble (R) Rt. 10, Greensboro 

2Cth — Henrv F;. Frye Greensboro 

26th— Robert Odell Payne (R) Rt. 2, Gibsonville 

26th— C. W. (Charlie) Phillips, Sr Greensboro 

26th — John L. Ridenour, III Greensboro 

26th — W. Marcus Short Greensboro 

27th— Colon Blake (R) Candor 

27th— C. Roby Garner, Sr. (R) Asheboro 

28th — T. Clyde Auman West End 

29 h — John W. CovinKton, Jr RockinKham 

30th — Hamilton C. Horton, Jr. (R) Winston-Salem 

30th — Howard A. Jemison (R) Rt. 8, Winston-Salem 

30th— C. Dempsev McDaniel (R) Rt. 1, Kernersville 

30th— Ed M. McKniKht (R) Rt. 2. Clemmons 

30th Marshall T. Wills (R) Winston-Salem 

31st — Joe H. Hese, Jr. (R) Lexinjrton 

31st— J. EuRene Snyder ( R) Lexington 

32nd— Clyde Hampton Whitley (R) Albemarle 

33rd— Richard S. Clark Monroe 

33rd— Fred M. Mills, Jr Wadesboro 

34th— Austin A. Mitchell (R) Kannapolis 

34th- Samuel A. Troxell ( R ) Rockwell 

3.';th— James C. Johnson, Jr. (R) Concord 

3.5th— Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 

3<;th— Philip Jackson Baugh Charlotte 

36 h— James Tully (Jim) Beatty Charlotte 

36th— Hush B. Campbell, Jr Charlotte 

36 h— James H. Carson, Jr. (R) Charlotte 

36th— Ernest L. Hicks Charlotte 

36th— Arthur H. Jones Charlotte 

36th— James B. Vogler Charlotte 

37th— Basil D. Barr West Jefferson 

37th— P. C. Collins, Jr Laurel Springs 

37th— J. Worth Gentry K>nK 

38th— Claude Billings (R) Rt. 1, Trap Hill 

38th— Jeter L. Havnes (R) /o"fs^'l « 

39th— Gilbert Lee Boger (R) Rt- 3. Mocksville 

39th— Homer B. Tolbert (R) Rt- 2, Cleveland 

40th- -Robert Q. Beard (R) Rt. 3, Newton 

40th— Hunter Warlick (R) Hickory 

41st— David W. Bumgardner, Jr Belmont 

41st— C. E. Leatherman Lincolnton 

41st— Jack L. Rhvne Belmont 

41st— Carl J. Stewart, Jr Gastonia 

42nd— Teral Tht)mas Bostian (R) Rt- 1, TaylorsviUe 

42nd— William M. Fulton (R) Morganton 

42nd— Donald R. Kincaid (R) ou"[u'' 

43rd— Robert Z. Falls - ^'^%^PJ 

43rd— Robert A. Jones x^; ^"ir . • 

43rd -W. K. Maunev. Jr.. Kings Moiintain 

44th— James E. Holshouser, Jr. (R) J •"*' 

45th-Hugh Beam ^ ^^T" 

45th— Claude DeBruhl.. Rt. 1. Candler 

45th— Herschel S. Harkins Ashevi e 

45th— John S. Stevens ^ ,,^^"t;''f 

46th— J. T. Mayfield (R) Rt- L Flat Rock 

47th— Ernest B. Messer ''"u"!! 

47th— Liston B. Ramsey Marshal 

48th— Charles H. Taylor (R) „^'"*''m, 

49th— W. P. Bradley (R) Hayesville 



HousK OF Representatives 461 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1969 

Rules of the House 

I. Order of Business, 1-5 
II. Conduct of Debate, 6-12 

III. Motion, 13-18 

IV. Previous Questions, 19-20 
V. Voting, 21-26 

VI. Committees, 27-31 
VII. Handling of Bills, 32-45 
VIII. Legislative Officers and Employees, 46-50 
IX. Privileges of the Hall. 51-54 
X. General Rules, 55-59 

1. Order of Business 

Rule 1. Convening Hour. The House shall convene each leg- 
islative day at the hour fixed by the House on the preceding leg- 
islative day; in the event the House adjourns on the preceding 
legislative day without having fixed an hour for reconvening, the 
House shall reconvene on the next legislative day at tvirelve o'clock 
noon. 

Rule 2. Opening the Session. At the convening hour on each 
legislative day the Speaker shall call the members to order, and 
shall have the session opened with prayer. 

Rule 3. Quorum, (a) A quorum consists of a majority of the 
qualified members of the House. 

(b) On the point of no quorum's being raised, the doors shall 
be closed and the Clerk shall call the roll of the House, after 
which the names of the absentees shall again be called over. Fifteen 
members, including the Speaker, are authorized to compel the 
attendance of absent members, and may order that absentees for 
whom no sufficient excuses are made shall be taken into custody 
as they appear, or wherever they may be found by special mes- 
senger appointed for that purpose. 



462 NouTii Cakoi.ixa Manuaf- 

Rule 4. Approval of Journal. 'The Rulos Committee shall ex- 
amine daily the Journal of the House before the hour of conven- 
ing to determine if the proceedings of the previous day have 
been correctly recorded. 

Immediately following the opening prayer and upon appear- 
ance of a quorum, the Speaker shall call for the Journal report 
of the Rules Committee as to whether or not the proceedings of 
the previous day have been correctly recorded; the Speaker shall 
then cause the Journal to be approved. Without objection, the 
Journal shall stand approved. 

Rule 5. Order of Business of the Day. After the approval of the 
Journal of the preceding day, the House shall proceed to business in 
the following order: 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials and papers addressed 
to the General Assembly or to the House. 

(2) Reports of standing committees. 

(3) Reports of select committees. 

(4) Introduction of Resolutions. 

(5) Introduction of Bills. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 

(7) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages, and other 
papers on the Calendar in their exact numerical order, 
unless displaced by the order of the day; but messages, 
and motions to elect officers shall always be in order. 

(8) Reading of Notices and Announcements. 



II. Conduct of Debate 

Rule 6. Duties and Powers of the Speaker, (a) The Speaker shall 
have general direction of the Hall. He may name any member to 
perform the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend 
beyond one day, except in the case of sickness or by leave of 
the house. 

(b) In the event the Speaker, by reason of physical or mental 
incapacity, is unable to perform the duties of the Chair, the Chair- 
man of the Rules Committee shall be Speaker pro tempore, and 
shall perform all of the duties of the Speaker until such time as 
the Speaker may assume the Chair. 



HorsK OF Rp;PRKSEXTAiivi:s 463 

Rule 7. Obtainmg Floor, (a) When any member desires recog- 
nition for any purpose, he shall rise from his seat and respectfully 
address the Speaker. No member shall proceed until recognized by 
the Speaker. 

(b) When a member desires to interrupt a member having the 
floor, he shall first obtain recognition by the Speaker and per- 
mission of the member occupying the floor, and when so recognized 
and such permission is obtained, he may propound a question to the 
member occupying the floor; but he shall not propound a series of 
interrogatories or otherwise interrupt the member having the 
floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point of order being 
raised, enforce this rule. 

Rule 8. Questions of Personal Privilege. At any time, upon rec- 
ognition by the Speaker, any member may rise to speak to a ques- 
tion of personal privilege, and upon objection to his proceeding, 
the Speaker shall determine if the question is one of privilege. 

Rule 9. Points of Order, (a) The Speaker shall decide questions 
of order and may speak to points of order in preference to other 
members arising from their seats for that purpose. Any member 
may appeal from the ruling of the Chair on questions of order; on 
such appeal no member may speak more than once, unless by leave 
of the House. A two-thirds ( % ) vote of the members present shall 
be necessary to sustain any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

(b) When the Speaker calls a member to order, the member 
shall take his seat. A member called to order may clear a matter 
of fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as the 
decision stands. If the member appeals from the ruling of the 
Chair and the decision be in favor of the member called to order, 
he may proceed; if otherwise, he shall not; and if the case, in the 
judgment of the House requires it, he shall be liable to censure by 
the House. 

Rule 10. Limitations on Debate. No member shall speak more 
than twice on the main question, nor longer than thirty minutes 
for the first speech and fifteen minutes for the second speech, unless 
allowed to do so by the affirmative vote of a majority of the mem- 
bers present; nor shall he speak more than once upon an amend- 
ment or motion to commit or postpone, and then not longer than ten 
minutes. But the House may, by consent of a majority of the mem- 



464 NoiM'ii Cahoi.ina Maxuai. 

bers present, suspend the operation of this rule during any debate 
on any particular question before the House, or the Rules Com- 
mittee may bring in a special rule that shall be applicable to the 
debate on any bill. 

Rule 11. Reading of papers. When there is a call for the reading 
of a paper which has been read in the House, and there is objection 
to such reading, the question shall be determined by a majority 
vote of the members of the House present. 

Rule 12. General Decorum, (a) The Speaker shall preserve order 
and decorum. 

(b) Decency of speech shall be observed and personal reflection 
carefully avoided. 

(c) When the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing 
the House, no person shall speak, stand up, w^alk out of or cross 
the House, nor vv^hen a member is speaking, entei'tain private dis- 
course, stand up, or pass between the member and the Chair. 

(d) Smoking or the consumption of food or beverages shall not 
be permitted on the floor of the House while the House is in session. 

(e) Smoking or the consumption of food or beverages shall not 
be permitted in the galleries at any time. 

III. Motions 

Rule 13. Motions Generally, (a) Every motion shall be reduced 
to writing, if the Speaker or any two members request it. 

(b) When a motion is made, it shall be stated by the Speaker, 
or, if written, it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by the 
Speaker or Clerk before debate. 

(c) After a motion has been stated by the Speaker or read by 
the Speaker or Clerk, it shall be in the possession of the House; 
but it may be withdravioi before a decision or amendment, except 
in case of a motion to reconsider, which motion, when made by a 
member shall be in possession of the House and shall not be with- 
drawn without leave of the House. 

Rule 14. Motions, Order of Precedence. When there are motions 
before the House, the order of precedence is as follows: 



HoiTSK OF Representatives 465 

To adjourn 

To lay on the table 

To postpone indefinitely 

Previous question 

To postpone to a day certain 

To commit 

To amend an amendment 

To amend 

To substitute 

To pass the bill 

No motion to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to post- 
pone to a day certain, to commit or to amend, being decided, shall 
be again allowed at the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

Rule 15. Motion to Adjourn, (a) A motion to adjourn shall be 
seconded before the motion is put to the vote of the House. 

(b) A motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate, and 
shall always be in order, exctpt when the House is voting or some 
member is speaking; but a motion to adjourn shall not follow a 
motion to adjourn until debate or some other business of the House 
has intervened. 

Rule 16. Motion to Table, (a) A motion to table shall be seconded 
before the motion is put to the vote of the House, and is always 
in order except when a motion to adjourn is before the House. 

(b) A motion to table shall be decided without debate. 

(c) A motion to table a bill shall constitute a motion to table the 
bill and all amendments thereto. 

(d) A motion to table an amendment sent up from the floor 
shall not be construed as a motion to table the principal bill or 
any other amendment which has been offered thereto, and if such 
motion is carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the table. 

(e) When a question has been tabled, the same shall not be acted 
upon again during the session except by two-thirds (%) vote. 

Rule 17. Motion to Postpone Indefinitely. A motion to postpone 
indefinitely is always in order except when a motion to adjourn 
or to lay on the table is before the House; however, after one 
motion to postpone indefinitely has been decided, another motion to 



466 NouTii Carolina Manitai, 

postpone indefinitely shall not be allowed at the same stage of 
the bill or proposition. When a question has been postponed in- 
definitely, the same shall not be acted on again during the session, 
except upon a two-thirds ( % ) vote. 

Rule 18. Motion to Reconsider, (a) When a motion has been once 
made and decided in the affirmative or negative, it is in order for 
any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration there- 
of, on the same or succeeding legislative day, unless it may have 
subsequently passed the Senate; Provided, that unless the vote 
by which the motion was originally decided was taken by a call 
of the ayes and noes, any member may move to reconsider. 

(b) A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority 
vote, except a motion to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to 
reconsider, which shall require a two-thirds (%) vote. 

(c) A motion to reconsider a motion made under Rules 16, 17, 
38, 42 and 43 shall require a two-thirds (%) vote. 



IV. Previous Question 

Rule 19. Previous Question. The previous question may be called 
only by the member submitting the report on the bill or other 
matter under consideration, by the member(s) introducing the bill 
or other matter under consideration, or by the member in charge 
of the measure, who shall be designated by the chairman of the 
committee reporting the same to the House at the time the bill or 
other matter under consideration is reported to the House or taken 
up for consideration. 

Rule 20. Foryn and Effect of Previous Qtiestion. (a) The previous 
question shall be as follows: "Shall the main question now be 
put?" When the call for the previous question has been decided in 
the affirmative by a majority vote of the House, the "main question" 
is on the passage of the bill, resolution or other matter under con- 
sideration, including all pending amendments. If amendments are 
pending, the question shall be taken upon such amendments in 
inverse order. 

(b) The call for the previous question shall preclude all mo- 
tions, amendments and debate, except the motion to adjourn or 



Hox'SK OF Represkntatives 467 

motion to table or motion to postpone indefinitely made prior to 
the determination of the previous question. 

(c) If the previous question is decided in the negative, the main 
question remains under debate. 

V. Voting 

Rule 21. Stating Questions, (a) The Speaker shall rise to put a 
question. 

(b) The question shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in 
favor (as the question may be) vi^ill say 'Aye'," and after the 
affirmation voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say 'No'." 

(c) Any member may call for a question to be divided into two 
or more propositions to be voted on separately, and the Speaker 
shall determine whether the question admits of such a division. 

Rule 22. Determining Question. Unless otherwise provided by 
the Constitution of North Carolina, all questions shall be deter- 
mined by the members present and voting. 

Rule 23. Voting by Division. Any member may call for a division 
of the members upon the question before the result of the vote 
has been announced. Upon a call for a division, the Speaker shall 
cause the number voting in the affirmative and in the negative 
to be determined. Upon a division and count of the House on any 
question, no member out of his seat shall be counted. 

Rule 24. Roll Call Vote, (a) Before a question is put, any mem- 
ber may call for the ayes and noes. If the call is sustained by one- 
fifth (1/5) of the members present, the question shall be decided 
by the ayes and noes upon a roll call vote, taken alphabetically. 

(b) Every member who is in the hall of the House when the 
question is put shall give his vote upon a call of the ayes and 
noes, unless the House for special reasons shall excuse him, and 
no application to be excused from voting or to explain a vote shall 
be entertained unless made before the call of the roll. 

Rule 25. Voting by Absentees, (a) No member shall vote on any 
question when he was not present when the question was put by 
the Speaker, except by the consent of the House. 



468 NoiM II Cakoiina Manual 

(b) If any member is necessarily absent on temporary business 
of the House when a vote is taken upon any question, upon entering 
the House he shall be permitted, on request, to vote, provided that 
the result shall not be affected thereby. 

(c) When a member who is present is paired with an absent 
member, he shall, when his name is called on a roll call vote, an- 
nounce the pair, which shall be recorded by the Principal Clerk. 

Rule 26. Voting by Speaker. In all elections the Speaker may vote. 
In all other instances he may exercise his right to vote, or he 
may reserve this right until there is a tie, but in no instance may 
he vote twice on the same question. 

VI. Committees 

Rule 27. Committees Generally, (a) All committees shall be 
appointed by the Speaker, unless otherwise specially ordered by 
the House. 

(b) Any member may excuse himself from serving on any com- 
mittee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

(c) The Chairman and five other members of any committee 
shall constitute a quorum of that committee for the transaction 
of business. 

(d) In any joint meeting of the Senate and House committees, 
the House Committee may in its discretion reserve the right to 
vote separately. 

Rule 28. Appointment of Standing Committees, (a) At the com- 
mencement of the session the Speaker shall appoint a standing 
committee on each of the following subjects, namely: 

Agriculture. 

Alcoholic Beverage Control. 

Appropriations, consisting of 4 sub-committees: 

1. Appropriations sub-committee on Health, Welfare and 
Institutional Care. 

2. Appropriations sub-committee on Education. 

3. Appropriations sub-committee on General Government 
and Transportation. 



House of Represent ativks 469 

4. Appropriations sub-committee on Personnel and Long- 
Range Planning. 

Banks and Banking. 

Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry. 

Commissions and Institutions for the Blind and Deaf. 

Conservation and Development. 

Constitutional Amendments. 

Corporations. 

Correctional Institutions. 

Courts and Judicial Districts. 

Education. 

Election Laws. 

Employment Security. 

Federal and Interstate Cooperation. 

Finance. 

Health. 

Higher Education. 

Highway Safety. 

Insurance. 

Judiciary No. 1. 

Judiciary No. 2. 

Library. 

Local Government. 

Manufacturers and Labor. 

Mental Health. 

Military and Veteran's Affairs. 

Public Buildings and Grounds. 

Public Utilities. 

Public Welfare. 

Roads. 

Rules and Operation of the House. 

State Government. 
State Personnel. 
University Trustees. 
Water and Air Resources. 
Wildlife Resources. 



470 NoKTii Cauoi.in'a Mamai, 

(b) The first member announced on each committee shall be 
chairman, and where the Speaker so desires he may designate a 
co-chairman and one or more vice-chairmen. 

Rule 29. Standivg Committee Meetings, (a) Standing com- 
mittees and sub-committees of standing committees shall be fur- 
nished with suitable meeting places pursuant to a schedule adopt- 
ed by the Rules Committee. 

(b) Subject to the provisions of the sub-sections (c) and (d) of 
this Rule, standing committees and subcommittees thereof shall 
permit other members of the General Assembly, the press, and the 
general public to attend all sessions of said committees or sub- 
committees. 

(c) The chairman or other presiding officer shall have general 
direction of the meeting place of the committee or subcommittee 
and, in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct therein, or 
if the peace, good order, and proper conduct of the legislative 
business is hindered by any individual or individuals, the chairman 
or presiding officer shall have power to exclude from the session 
any individual or individuals so hindering the legislative business 
or, if necessary, to order the meeting place cleared of all persons 
not members of the committee or subcommittee. 

(d) Upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the members of 
any standing committee or subcommittee, executive sessions may be 
held, but in no event shall final action be taken in executive sessions. 

(e) Procedure in the committees shall be governed by the rules 
of the House, so far as the same may be applicable to such pro- 
cedure. 

Rule 30. Committee Hearings. The Chairmen of all committees 
shall notify, or cause to be notified, the first name introducer on 
such bills as are set for hearing before their respective com- 
mittees as to the date, time and place of such hearing. 

Rule 31. Committee of the Whole House, (a) A Committee of 
the Whole House shall not be formed, except by suspension of the 
rules, if there be objection by any member. 

(b) After passage of a motion to form a Committee of the 
Whole House, the Speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside 
in committee, and the Speaker shall leave the Chair. 



HOITSK OF RbIPRESEXTATIVEvS 471 

(c) The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in the 
Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be applicable, 
except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the previous 
question. 

(d) In the Committee of the Whole House a motion that the 
committee rise shall always be in order, except when a member 
is speaking, and shall be decided without debate. 

(e) When a bill is submitted to the Committee of the Whole 
House, it shall be read and debated by sections, leaving the pre- 
amble to be last considered. The body of the bill shall not be 
defaced or interlined, but all amendments, noting the page and 
line, shall be duly entered by the Clerk on a separate paper as the 
same shall be agreed to by the committee, and so reported to the 
House. After report, the bill shall again be subject to be debated 
and amended by sections before a question on its passage be taken. 



VII. Handling of Bills 

Rule 32. Reference to Committee. Each bill, joint resolution, 
or House resolution not introduced on the report of a committee 
shall immediately upon its introduction be referred by the Speaker 
to such committee as he deems appropriate. 

Rule 33. Introduction of Bills and Resolutions, (a) Every bill 
shall be introduced in regular order of business, except upon per- 
mission of the Speaker or on the report of a committee. 

(b) Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly 
state in the caption the substance of same and the caption shall 
not be amended. 

(c) A Substitute Bill shall be covered with the same color 
jacket as the original bill and shall be prefaced as follows: "House 
Substitute for" or "House Committee Substitute for ." 

Rule 34. Papers Addressed to the Hoiise. Petitions, memorials and 
other papers addressed to the House shall be presented by the 
Speaker; a brief statement of the contents thereof may be verbally 
made by the introducer before reference to a committee, but such 
papers shall not be debated or decided on the day of their first 
being read, unless the House shall direct otherwise. 



472 NoRTTi Carolina Mantat, 

Rule 35. Introdnction of Bills, Copies Required, (a) Whenever 
any resolution or bill is introduced a duplicate copy thereof shall 
be attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall cause said 
duplicate copy to be numbered as the original resolution or bill 
is numbered, and shall cause the same to be available at all times 
to the member introducing the same. 

(b) Numbering of House Bills shall be designated as "H.B. 
— ."■ (No. following.) A Joint Resolution shall be designated 
as "H.J. Res. — ." (No. following.) A House Resolution shall 
be designated as "House Res. — ." (No. following.) 

(c ) Whenever a public bill is introduced, it shall be in such form 
and have such copies accompanying same as designated by the 
Speaker, and any bill submitted without the required number of 
copies shall be immediately returned to the introducer. The Clerk 
shall stamp the copies vt^ith the number stamped upon the original 
bill. 

Rule 36. Duplicating of Bills. The Principal Clerk shall cause 
such bills as are introduced to be duplicated in such numbers as 
may be specified by the Speaker. On the morning following the 
delivery of the copies, the Chief Clerk shall cause the Chief Page 
to have one copy put upon the desk of each member, one copy put in 
the office of each member, and shall retain the other copies in his 
office. A sufficient number of copies for the use of the committee 
to which the bill is referred shall be delivered to the chairman or 
clerk of that committee by the Chief Page. If the bill is passed 
by the House, the Chief Clerk shall deliver the remaining copies 
to the Principal Clerk of the Senate for the use of the Senate. 

Rule 37. Report by Committee. All bills and resolutions shall be 
reported from the committee to which referred, with such recom- 
mendations as the committee may desire to make. 

(a) Favorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with the 
recommendation that it be passed, the bill shall be placed on the 
favorable calendar. 

(b) Report Without Prejudice. When a committee reports a bill 
without prejudice, the bill shall be placed on the favorable calendar. 

(c) Unfavorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with 
the recommendation that it be not passed, and no minority report 
accompanies it, the bill shall be placed on the unfavorable calendar. 



HousK OF Representativks 473 

(d) Mhwrity Report. When a bill is reported by a committee 
with a recommendation that it be not passed, but it is accompanied 
by a minority report signed by at least one-fourth ( i/4 ) of the 
members of the committee who were present and voting when the 
bill was considered in committee, the question before the House 
shall be: "The adoption of the minority report." If the minority 
report is adopted by majority vote, the bill shall be placed on the 
favorable calendar for consideration. If the minority report fails of 
adoption by a majority vote, the bill shall be placed on the un- 
favorable calendar. 

Rule 38. Removing Bill from Unfavorable Calendar. A bill may 
be removed from the unfavorable calendar upon motion carried 
by a two-thirds ( % ) vote. A motion to remove a bill from the un- 
favorable calendar is not debatable; but the movant may, before 
making the motion, make a brief and concise statement, not more 
than five minutes in length, of the reasons for the motion. 

Rule 39. Reports on Appropriation and Revenue Bills. All com- 
mittees, other than the Committee on Appropriations, when fa- 
vorably reporting any bill which carries an appropriation from the 
State, shall indicate same in the report, and said bill shall be 
referred to the Committee on Appropriations for a further report 
before being acted upon by the House. All committees, other than 
the Committee on Finance, when favorably reporting any bill which 
in any way or manner raises revenue or levies a tax or authorizes 
the issue of bonds or notes, whether public, public-local, or private, 
shall indicate same in the report, and said bill shall be referred 
to the Committee on Finance for a further report before being acted 
upon by the House. 

Rule 40. Recall of Bill from Committee. When a bill has been 
introduced and referred to a committee, if after ten days the com- 
mittee has failed to report thereon, then the introducer of the bill or 
some member designated by him may, after three days' public 
notice given in the House, on motion supported by a vote of two- 
thirds ( % ) of the members present and voting, recall the same 
from the committee to the floor of the House for consideration and 
such action thereon as a majority of the members present may 
direct. 



47 4 NoHTH Cahoi.ixa Ma.ntai. 

Rule 41. Calendars. The Clerk of the House shall keep a separate 
calendar of the public, local, and private bills, and shall number 
them in the order in which they are introduced, and all bills shall 
be disposed of in the order they stand upon the Calendar; but the 
Committee on Rules may at any time arrange the order of prec- 
edence in which bills may be considered. 

Rule 42. Readings of Bills, (a) Every bill shall receive three 
readings in the House prior to its passage. The introduction of the 
bill shall constitute its first reading, and the Speaker shall give 
notice at each subsequent reading whether it be the second or third 
reading. 

(b) No bill shall be read more than once on the same day with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds (%) of the members present 
and voting. 

Rule 43. Effect of Defeated Bill, (a) Subject to the provisions of 
subsection (b) of this Rule, after a bill has been tabled or has 
failed to pass on any of its readings, the contents of such bill or 
the principal provisions of its subject matter shall not be embodied 
in any other measure. Upon the point of order being raised and 
sustained by the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon the table, 
and shall not be taken therefrom except by a two-thirds ( % ) vote. 

(b) No local bill shall be held by the Chair to embody the 
provisions of or to be identical with any statewide measure which 
has been laid upon the table, or failed to pass any of its readings. 

Rule 44. Amendments and Riders. No amendment or rider to a 
bill before the House shall be in order unless such rider or amend- 
ment is germane to the bill under consideration. 

Rule 45. Conference Committees, (a) Whenever the House shall 
decline or refuse to concur in amendments put by the Senate to a 
bill originating in the House, or shall i-efuse to adopt a substitute 
adopted by the Senate for a bill originating in the House, a con- 
ference committee shall be appointed upon motion made, consisting 
of the number named in the motion ; and the bill under consider- 
ation shall thereupon go to and be considered by the joint conferees 
on the part of the House and Senate. 



HOUSK OF Rf:PRESENTATIVP:S 4 75 

(b) Only such matters as are in difference between the two 
houses shall be considered by the conferees, and the conference 
report shall deal only with such matters. The conference report 
shall not be amended. 

(c) Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of Congress shall govern the appointment, conduct, 
and reports of the conferees. 



VIII. Lrfiislative Officers and Employees 

Rule 46. Elected Officers. The House shall elect a Principal 
Clerk, a Reading Clerk and a Sergeant-at-Arms. The Principal 
Clerk shall continue in office until another is elected. 

Rule 47. Assistants to Principal Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms . The 
Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may appoint with the 
approval of the Speaker, such ass'stants as may be necessary to 
the efficient discharge of the duties of their various offices. 

Rule 48. Speaker's Clerk, Chaplain, and Pages, (a) The Speak- 
er may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, a Chaplain of the House, 
and pages to wait upon the sessions of the House. 

(b) When the House is not in session, the pages shall be under 
the supervision of the Principal Clerk. 

Rule 49. Committee Clerks, (a) The speaker may assign a clerk 
to such committee (s) as he may deem necessary and appropriate. 

(b) Whenever the Speaker deems it advisable, he may assign 
a clerk to act for two or more committees. 

(c) The leader of the minority party may, with the approval 
of the Speaker, be assigned a clerk. 

(d) By and with the consent and approval of the Chairman of 
any of the above committees, the clerk of said committee may be 
assigned to special duty with other committees under the super- 
vision of the Principal Clerk of the House. 

Rule 50. Compensation of Clerks, (a) No clerk, laborer, or other 
person employed or appointed under Rules 47, 48, and 49 hereof 
shall receive during such employment, appointment, or service any 



4 7fi North Cakoi.ixa Mantai. 

compensation from any department of the State Government, or 
from any other source, and there shall not be voted, paid or 
awarded any additional pay, bonus or gratuity to any of them, but 
they shall receive only the pay now pi-ovided by law for such 
duties and services. 

(b) Any bill or resolution changing the compensation of House 
personnel shall originate from the Rules Committee upon approval 
of the Speaker. 



IX. Privileges of the Hall 

Rule 51. Admittance to Floor. No person except members, officers 
and employees of the General Assembly and former members of 
the General Assembly who are not registered under the provisions 
of Article 9 of Chapter 120 of the General Statutes of North 
Carolina shall be allowed on the floor of the House during its 
session, unless permitted by the Speaker or otherwise provided 
by law. 

Rule 52. Admittance of Press. Reporters wishing to take down 
debates may be admitted by the Speaker, who shall assign such 
places to them on the floor or elsewhere, to effect this object, as 
shall not interfere with the convenience of the House. 

Rule 53. Extending Courtesies. Courtesies of the floor, galleries 
or lobby shall not be extended by the Speaker on behalf of any 
member except upon the Speaker's motion and by written request. 

Rule 54. Order in Galleries and Lobby. In case of any disturbance 
or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobby, the Speaker or 
other presiding officer is empowered to order the same to be cleared. 



X. General Rules 

Rule 55. Attendance of Members. No member or officer of the 
House shall absent himself from the service of the House without 
leave, unless from sickness or disability. 

Rule 56. Documents to be Signed by the Speaker. All Acts, ad- 
dresses, and Resolutions and all warrants and subpoenas issued 



House of Representatives 477 

by order of the House shall be signed by the Speaker or Presiding 
Officer. 

Rule 57. There shall be no printing or reproducing of paper (s) 
that are not legislative in essence except upon approval of the 
Speaker. 

Rule 58. Placement of Material on Members' Desks. Persons 
other than members of the General Assembly, officers or staff there- 
of shall not place or cause to be placed any materials on members' 
desks without obtaining approval of the Speaker. Any printed 
material so placed shall bear the name of the originator. 

Rule 59. Rides, Recession and Alteration, (a) No standing 
rule or order shall be rescinded or altered without one day's notice 
given on the motion thereof, and to sustain such motion two-thirds 
( % ) of the House shall be required. 

(b) Except as otherwise provided herein, the House upon two- 
thirds ( % ) vote of the members present and voting may tem- 
porarily suspend any rule. 



478 



Noiii'ii Cahoi.ixa Manual 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE 
OF REPRESENTATIVES 



Auman 

Barbee 

Barker 

Beard 

Bostian 

Burrus 

Chase 

Covington 



AGRICn.TlHE 

SPEED, Chairman 
EVERETT, Vice Chairman 

FALLS, Vice Chairman 
McFADYEN, Vice Chairman 



Culpepper 

Eagles 

Gentry 

Lilley 

IMoore 

Payne 

Roberson 

Stanford 



Tart 
Taylor 

of Wake 
Tolbert 
Troxell 
Whitley 
Williamson 



Barbee 

Beard 

Carson 

Carter 

Coble 

DeBruhl 

Euliss 



ALCOHOLIC BP:VEHAGE CONTROL 

McMillan of Robeson, Chairman 

AUMAN, Vice Chairman 

BAUGH, Vice Chairman 

MAUNEY, Vice Cfiairman 

MOHN, Vice Chairman 



Gregory 

Hege 

Johnson 

of Wake 

McFadyen 

McKnight 

McMichael 



Penton 
Ramsey 

of Madison 
Stewart 
Taylor of 

Transylvania 



HoT'SK OF Representatives 479 

AIM'ROPRIATIONS 

JOHNSON of Wake, Chairman 

Appropriation Siib-Coiniiiittee on Health, Welfare and 
Institutional Care 

BARBEE, Chairman 
BRYAN, Yice Chairman 
ROYALL, Vice Chairman 

Barr Falls Stanford 

Beam Frye ' Taylor of 

Chase Holshouser Transylvania 

Collins Jemison Twiggs 

Covington Payne 

Appropriations Sub-Coniniittee on Kdueation 

QUINN, Chairman 

McMillan of Robeson, Vice Chairman 

ROUNTREE, Vice Chairman 

Beatty Culpepper Mills 

Blake DeBruhl Paschall 

Boger Euliss Snyder 

Campbell of Fulton Tart 

Mecklenburg Gentry 

Appropriations Snb-Coniniittee on General Government 
and Transi)ortation 

HICKS, Chairman 

JERNIGAN, Vice Chairman 

MESSER, Vice Cliairman 

Barker Haynes Speed 

Carter Penny ' Speros 

Coble of Harnett Troxell 

(Jarner Ramsey Williamson 

Green , of Person 



4 80 Noirrir Cakoi.ina M.wi'Ar 

Appropi'iatioiis Sub-Coiiiniit tec <m I'orsonuel and 
IjOiif;-Haii}>«' I'laniiin^ 

PHILLIPS, Chairman 

BAUGH, Vice Chairman 

STEWART, Vice Chairman 

Auniaii .Johnson McFadyen 

l?ostian of Duplin Moore 

Church Kineaid Pnnton 

Eagles Leathernian Whitley 

Horton Lilley 



BANKS VXD BANKING 

EAGLES, Chairman 

GENTRY, Vice Chairman 

GODWIN of Craven, Vice Chairman 

HOFLER, Vice Chairman 

PASCHALL. Vice Chairman 

Barker Frye Ridenour 

Blake Green Roberson 

Church Gregory Stevens 

Claik Holshouser Stewart 

Covington Mayfield Warlick 

DeBruhl Mills Wills 



COMMEKCIAL FISHERIES AND OYSTER INDUSTRY 

WILLIAMSON, Chairman 

BURRUS, Vice Chairynan 

JOHNSON of Duplin, Vice Chairman 

Boshamer Mayfield Snead 

Bradley Moore Soles 

Bryan Penton 

Leathernian Roberson 



HousK ot Rkprksentativks 



481 



COMMISSIONS AND INSTITUTIONS FOR BLIND AND DEAF 

McMillan of Wake, Chairman 

ANDREWS, Vice Chairman 

ELLIOTT. Vice Chairman 

MAUNEY, Vice Chairvian 

PASCHALL. Vice Chairman 

Baugh Payne Tolbert 

Covington Raynor Whitley 

Harris Rovall 



Aunian 

Barker 

Barr 

Church 

Coble 

Culpepper 

Garner 

Green 

Gregory 

Everett 



CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

JERNIGAN, Chairman 

BEATTY, Vice Chairman 

BURRUS, Vice Chairman 

BRYAN, Vice Chairman 

ROBERSON, Vice Chairman 



Hege 


Mills 


Jones 


Moore 


of Rutherford 


Paschall 


Kincaid 


Rose 


Lilley 


Snead 


Love 


Speros 


Mauney 


Stevens 


McKnight 


W^hitley 


McMillan 


Wills 


of Wake 





CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS 

ANDREWS, Chairman 
MARTIN, Vice Chairman 
PENNY of Durham, Vice Chairman 
STRICKLAND, Vice Chairman 
Beard Mayfield Taylor 

Billings McDaniel of Wake 

Boshamer Rhyne Warlick 

Britt Ridenour 

Clark Rose 

Godwin Soles 

of (]ates Stevens 



48 2 



NoKTir C.\K(n,iXA Mancai. 



( ORPORATTONS 

EULISS. CJwirman 

LEATHERMAN, Vice Chairman 

RAMSEY of Person, Vice Chairman 



Ream 
Beard 
Campbell of 

Mecklenbur: 
Carter 



Fulton 
Hofler 
.lernigan 
.Johnson 
of Wake 



McDaniel 

Speros 

Watkins 



Carson 

Culpepper 

Everett 



CORRIX'TIONAL INSTITUTIONS 

McFADYEN, Chairman 

CHASE, Vice Chairman 

ELLIOTT, Vice Chairman 

FENNER, Vice Chairman 

TART, Vice Chairman 



Frye 
Haynes 



Johnson 

of Cabarrus 
Wills 



COURTS AND JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

SHORT, Chairman 

BRITT, Vice Chairman 

GODWIN of Gates, Vice Chairman 

RAMSEY of Person, Vice Chairman 

SNYDER, Vice Chairman 



Carson 

Carter 

Harris 

Holshouser 

Horton 

Johnson 

of Cabarrus 



Jones of 

Rutherford 
Love 



Penny of 

Harnett 
Reid 
Rhyne 
Ridenour 
Rountree 
Watkins 



House of Representatives 



483 



Auman 

Beam 

Billings 

Boger 

Boshamer 

Campbell of 

Robeson 
Chase 
Covington 
Everett 



EDUCATION 

TART, Chairman 

BEATTY, Vice Chairman 

ROBERSON, Vice Chairman 



Fenner 
Frye 
Haynes 
Johnson of 

Cabarrus 
McMillan of 

Robeson 
Moore 
Paschall 
Payne 



Penny of 
Durham 

Ramsey of 
Madison 

Rose 

Royal! 

Speed 

Warlick 

Watkins 



Bradley 
Campbell of 

Mecklenburg 
Covington 



ELECTION LAWS 

GENTRY, Chairman 

BARBEE, Vice Chairman 

EULISS, Vice Chairman 

McMICHAEL, Vice Chairman 

VOGLER, Vice Chairman 



Garner 
Hege 

Holshouser 
Jemison 



Martin 

Rountree 

Strickland 



Beatty 
Eagles 
Kincaid 
Mayfield 



EMPLOYMENT SECURITY 

MARTIN, Chairman 

HICKS, Vice Chairman 

JOHNSON of Duplin, Vice Chairman 

QUINN, Vice Chairman 



Messer 
Penny of 

Durham 
Royall 



Whitley 



484 NoKiii Cakoiixa Manual 

FEDERAIi AM) INTERSTATE COOPERATION 

FALLS, Chairman 

EAGLES. Tire Chairman 

GREEN. Vice Chairman 

JOHNSON of Wake. Vice Chairman 

QUINN. Vice Chairman 

Billings Clark Gregory 

Campbell of Fenner McDaniel 

Wilson Garner 



FINANCE 

GREGORY, Chairman 

GODWIN of Gates, Vice Chairman 

RAMSEY of Madison, Vice Chairman 

VOGLER, Vice Chairman 

Andrews Harris Penny of 

Beard Hege Durham 

Billings Hotter Ragsdale 

Boshamer Johnson of Raynor 

Bradley Cabarrus Reid 

Britt Jones of Rhyne 

Bumgardner Mecklenburg Ridenour 

Burrus Jones of Roberson 

Campbell of Rutherford Rose 

Robeson Love Short 

Campbell of Martin Snead 

Wilson Mauney Soles 

Carson Mayfield Stevens 

Clark McDaniel Strickland 

Elliott McKnight Taylor of 

Everett McMichael Wake 

Fenner McMillan of Tolbert 

Godwin of Wake Warlick 

Craven Mitchell Watkins 

Harkins Mohn Wills 



House of Representatives 



485 



HEALfTH 

CHASE, Chairman 

BARBEE, Vice Chairman 

McMillan of Wake, Vice Chairman 

RAYNOR, Vice Chairman 

ROYALL, Vice Chairman 



Barker 
Beam 
Blake 
Bostian 
Bryan 

Bumgardner 

Campbell of 

Wilson 



Covington 

Elliott 

Euliss 

Fulton 

Gregory 

Haynes 

Hege 

Hicks 



Jemison 
Johnson of 

Duplin 
Mills 
Mitchell 
Phillips 
Quinn 
Stanford 



Andrews 
Campbell of 

Mecklenburg 
Carson 
Coble 
Godwin of 

Gates 



HIGHER EDUCATION 

LEATHERMAN, Chairman 

CHURCH, Vice Chairman 

MESSER, Vice Chairman 

STANFORD, Vice Chairman 



Harkins 

Holshouser 

McDaniel 

Penton 

Phillips 

Rountree 

Snead 



Stevens 
Taylor of 

Wake 
Tolbert 
Twiggs 
Vogler 



4Sfi Xoitrii Cakoi.ina Maxt'ai, 

HIGHWAY SAFETY 

PASCHALL, Ch airman 

AUMAN, Vice Chairman 

EULISS, Vice Chairman 

McMillan of Robeson, Vice Chairm,an 

RAGSDALE, Vice Chairman 

Hoger Haynes Penny of 

Huinsardner Horton Harnett 

Campbell of Ji'inigaii Ramsey of 

Mecklenburg Johnson of Person 

Camiibcll of Wake Short 

Robeson Jones of Snyder 

Campbell of Mecklenburg Strickland 

Wilson Leatherman Tolbert 

Eagles McKnight Twiggs 

Falls McMillan of Warlick 

Fenner Wake Whitley 

Harris Mohn 



INSURANCE 

RAMSEY of Person, Chairman 

COLLINS, Vice Chairman 

McMICHAEL, Vice Chairman 

RAGSDALE, Vice Chairman 

SHORT, Vice Cliairman 

Beam Kincaid Snyder 

Boshamer ;\lcFadyen Soles 

Carter McKnight Taylor of 

Euliss Mitchell Transylvania 

Harkins Keid 

Jones of Rhyne 

Mecklenburg Rose 



House of Representatives 



487 



Andrews 
Beam 
Bryan 
Campbell of 

Mecklenburg 
Carson 
Coble 
Harris 
Johnson of 

Cabarrus 



JUDICIARY NO. 1 

GODWIN of Gates, Chairman 

LOVE, Vice Chairman 
ROUNTREE, Vice Chairman 



Leatherman 
Martin 
Mc Michael 
McMillan of 

Wake 
Paschall 
Penny of 

Durham 



Ridenour 
Rose 
Soles 
Stevens 
Taylor of 

Transylvania 
Warlick 
Watkins 



Boshamer 
Britt 
Campbell of 

Robeson 
Carter 
Clark 
Elliott 
Frye 



JUDICIARY NO. 2 

HOFLER, Chairman 

HARKINS, Vice Chairman 

STEWART, Vice Chairman 

STRICKLAND, Vice Chairman 



Fulton 
Holshouser 
Horton 
Johnson of 

Wake 
Jones of 

Rutherford 



Penny of 
Harnett 

Ramsey of 
Person 

Reid 

Short 

Snyder 

Twiggs 



Barbee 
Blake 

Campbell of 
Wilson 



LIBRARY 

AUMAN, Chairman 
STRICKLAND, Vice Chairman 

Phillips 
Ridenour 



McMillan of 
Robeson 



Penny of 
Harnett 



Stanford 
Warlick 

Wills 



488 



NouTii Cakoijna M.vxttat, 



LOCAI. GOVERNMENT 

RAMSEY of Madison, Chairman 

FENNER, Vice Chairman Local Legislation 

HARKINS, Vice Chairman General Legislation 



Buiiisardner 

Carson 

Harris 

Hege 

Hofler 

Johnson of 

Cabarrus 
Jones of 

M eck 1 1 'n burg- 



Jones of 

Rutherford 
Love 
;\Iartin 
Mauney 
;\IcKnight 
McAIichael 



Mitchell 

Reid 

Short 

Tolbert 

Vogler 

Wat kins 

Wills 



Beatty 
Clark 
DeBruhl 
Hege 
Jemison 
Johnson of 
Duplin 



MANUFACTURERS AND LABOR 

MESSER, Chairman 

HICKS, Vice Chairman 

JONES of Mecklenburg, Vice Chairman 

TWIGGS, Vice Chairman 

ROYALL, Vive Chairman 



Mauney 
Maytield 
IMcKnight 
Penny of 

Durham 
Quinn 
Snyder 



Speed 

Speros 

Wills 



HousK OF Representatives 



489 



Andrews 
Barr 
Beard 
Beatty 
Blake 
Burrus 
Campbell of 
Wilson 



MENTAL HEAIiTH 

RAYNOR, Chairman 

CHASE, Vice Chairman 

CULPEPPER, Vice Chairman 

McFADYEN, Vice Chairman 

PENNY of Durham, Vice Chairman 



Coble 
Elliott 
Fulton 
(iarner 
(iodwin of 

Craven 
Hofler 



Jones of 

Rutherford 
Messer 
Penton 
Reid 
Stewart 
Troxell 
Watkins 



MILITARY AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS 

GODWIN of Craven, Chairman 
SPEED, Vice Chairman 



Beam 
Beatty 
Bostian 
Bumgardner 



Campbell of 

Robeson 
DeBruhl 
McDaniel 



Mitchell 

Raynor 

Snead 

Strickland 

Troxell 



rUHLK' lU'lLDINGS AND GROUNDS 

ELLIOTT, Chairman 
GREEN, Vice Chairman 

MOHN, Vice Chairman 
SPEED, Vice Chairman 

TART, Vice Chairman 



Beard 

Collins 

Jemison 



IMoore 
Rountree 



Stewart 
Tolbert 



490 N'ouTTT r.\Ror.iN.\ Mantai 

riTJLIC UTTLITIES 

McMTCHAEL, Chairman 

BUMGARDNER, Yice Chairman 

COLLINS, Yice Chairman 

FALLS. Vice Chairman 

Rillings Harkins Speros 

Coble Jones of Taylor of 
Ciarner ^lecklenburg Transylvania 

Godwin of Mills Taylor of 

Craven Moore Wake 

Godwin of Ramsey of Twiggs 

Gates Person 



rVBLir WELFARE 

GREEN, Chairman 

LOVE, Vice Chairman 

PHILLIPS, Vice Chairman 

RAYNOR, Vice Chairman 

STANFORD, Vice Chairman 

Barr Collins Penny of 

Baugh Frye Harnett 

Bostian Fulton Rhyne 

Bradley Gentry Ridenour 

Britt Harris Tart 

Campbell of Jemison Taylor of 

Robeson Messer Transylvania 

Campbell of Mitchell Troxell 

Wilson Mohn Whitley 

Chase Payne Williamson 
Clark 



House of Representatives 491 

ROADS 

MILLS, Chairman 

BUMGARDNER, Vice Chairman 

CULPEPPER, Vice Chairman 

GENTRY, Vice Chairman 

JERNIGAN, Vice Chairman 

Barker Falls Payne 

Barr Fenner Ramsey of 

Billings Garner Madison 

Blake Green Rose 

Bradley Hicks Royall 

Burrus Lilley Speed 

DeBruhl Mohn Vogler 



COxALMITTEE OX RULES AND OPERATION OP THE HOUSE 

JOHNSON of Duplin, Chairman 

HOLSHOUSER, Vice Chairman 

MILLS, Vice Chairman 

RAMSEY of Madison, Vice Chairman 



Barbee 


Harkins 


Quinn 


Baugh 


Johnson of 


Rountree 


Billings 


Cabarrus 


Short 


Bryan 


Johnson of 


Snyder 


Frye 


Wake 


Vogler 


Godwin of 


McMillan of 




Gates 


Robeson 





492 



NoKin Cauolina Manual 



Baiigh 
Boger 
Bradley 
Campbell of 

Robeson 
Godwin of 

Craven 
Hicks 
Horton 
Jeniisoii 



STATK GO\ERN>TENT 

VOGLER. Chairman 

BRITT, Vice Chairman 

CHURCH, rice Chairman 

LEATHERMAN. Vice Chairman 

PHILLIPS, Vice Chairman 



.Jones of 

Rutherford 
Kincaid 
Lilley 
McDaniel 
Mitchell 
Penny of 

Harnett 
Penton 



Quinn 

Ragsdale 

Raynor 

Rhyne 

Snead 

Stevens 

Stewart 

Troxell 

Williamson 



STATE PERSONNEL 

BRITT. Chairman 

EAGLES, Vice Chairman 

EVERETT, Vice Chairman 

GODWIN of Craven, Vice Chairman 

MARTIN, Vice Chairman 



Boger 
Bostian 
Bradley 
Campbell of 

Mecklenburg 
Carter 
Church 
Collins 
Haynes 



Hicks 

Horton 

Jernigan 

Kincaid 

Mayfield 

Payne 

Phillips 

Ragsdale 

Reid 



Rhyne 

Snead 

Soles 

Speros 

Tart 

Taylor of 

Wake 
Williamson 



House of Repbesentativks 



493 



Boger 

Bostian 

Church 

Collins 

DeBruhl 
Haynes 



UNIVERSITY TRUSTEES 

STANFORD, Chairman 

ANDREWS, Vice Chairman 

GREGORY, Vice Chairman 

JONES of Mecklenburg, Vice Chairman 

TWIGGS, Vice Chairman 



Horton 
Mohn 
Penton 
Ragsdale 
Ramsey of 
Madison 



Soles 
Taylor of 

W^ake 
Troxell 



Blake 

Boshamer 

Bryan 

Burrus 

Culpepper 



WATER AND AIR RESOURCES 

RAGSDALE, Chairinan 

BARR, Vice Chairman 

ROBERSON, Vice Chairman 



Fulton 

Jernigan 

Lilley 

Mauney 

McFadyen 



McMillan of 
Robeson 

McMillan of 
Wake 

Speros 



Barker 

Baugh 

Boger 

Everett 

Falls 



WILDLIFE RESOURCES 

BARR, Chairman 

HOFLER, Vice Chairman 

WILLIAMSON, Vice Chairman 

Gentry ", Love 

Kincaid Messer 

Johnson of Taylor of 

Duplin Transylvania 
Lilley 



494 NoKTii Cauoi.kn'a Manual 

SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1969 

North Carolina House of Representatives 

(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

Di.itrict Nnrnr County Address Seat 

1st — W. T. Cull)ei)i)er, Jr Pasquotank Elizabeth City 19 

1st — Philip P. Godwin Gates Gatesville 8 

2nd — Archie Burrus.. Dare Vlanteo 37 

2nd — William R. Roberson, Jr Beaufort Washington 49 

;-!rd — Chris Barker. Jr Craven New Bern 57 

;{rd — Henry C. Boshamer Carteret Morehead City 81 

:?rd — R. C. Godwin Craven New Bern 52 

4th— J. F. Mohn. Onslow Richlands 36 

4th — Reuben L. Moore Pender Atkinson 24 

4th — HuKh A. Rassdale Onslow Richlands 2S 

5th — Howard A. Penton, Jr New Hanover .Wilmington 76 

5th — Edward C. Snead New Hanover WilminRton 75 

(ith — Roberts H. JerniRan, Jr Hertford Ahoskie 16 

(ith — Perry Martin Northampton Rich Square 15 

7th — J. A. Everett Martin Palmyra . 56 

7th — Thorne Gregory Halifax Scotland Neck 55 

Sth— David E. Reid, Jr Pitt Greenville 64 

8th — H. Horton Rountree Pitt Greenville 63 

!)th— Guv Elliott Lenoir Kinston 51 

9th — Daniel T. Lilley Lenoir Kinston 50 

lOth — Mrs. John B. Chase Wayne Eureka . 32 

10th— Thomas E. Strickland Wavne Rt. 2, Goldsboro 20 

11th— Hugh S. Johnson. Jr Duplin Rose Hill 25 

12th— James C. Green Bladen Clarkton 80 

12th— C. Graham Tart Sampson Clinton 79 

13th— R. C. Soles. Jr Columbus Tabor City 84 

13th — .'Arthur W. Williamson Columbus Chadbourn 3 

14th— .'Mien C. Barbee Nash Spring Hope 5 

14th — Joe E. Eagles Edgecombe Macclesfield 6 

14th — Julian B. Fenner Nash Rocky Mount 4 

15th— Willliam R. Britt Johnston... Smithfield 54 

15th— A. Hartwell Campbell Wilson Wilson 53 

15th — J. Ernest Paschall ..Wilson... Wilson 31 

lt;th — John T. Church Vance Henderson 2 

Kith — James D. Speed.. Franklin Rt. 3, Louisburg 1 

17th — James E. Ramsey Person Roxboro 48 

17th— Willliam T. Watkins Granville Oxford 35 

ISth— W. Hance Hofler Durham Durham 43 

IKth — Wade U. Penny. Jr Durham Durham 83 

ISth — Kenneth C. Royall, Jr Durham Durham 44 

19th — Samuel H. Johnson Wake Raleigh 10 

19th— A. A. McMillan Wake Raleigh 9 

19th— H. W. (Pop) Taylor Wake Raleigh 12 

19th— Howard Twiggs Wake... Raleigh 11 

20th— Ike F. Andrews Chatham Siler City 22 

20th — Donald Mclver Stanford Alamance Chapel Hill 21 

21st — Jack M. Euliss Orange Burlington 66 

21st— W. S. Harris, Jr. Alamance Rt. 1. Graham 82 

22nd — Jimmy L. Love Lee Sanford 34 

22nd — James F. Penny, Jr Harnett Lillington 33 

23rd Norwood E. Bryan, Jr Cumberland Fayetteville 27 

23rd— Lester G. Carter. Jr Cumberland Fayetteville 29 

23rd — Joe B. Raynor, Jr Cumberland Fayetteville 30 

23rd — Chares G. Rose, Jr Cumberland Fayetteville 28 

24th— R. L. Cami)bell Robeson Rowland 65 

24th — Neill L. McFadyen Hoke Raeford 45 

24th— R. D. McMillan. Jr Robeson Red Springs 17 

24th — Gus Speros Robeson.. Maxton 77 



119 I I 118 I 117 I I 116 I 115 



114 


113 




112 


III 




no 


109 



108 107 



106 


105 




104 


103 



102 


101 




100 


99 




98 


97 



96 95 i 94 93 



92 91 



90 


89 




88 


87 




86 


85 



84 83 



82 


81 



80 79 



78 


77 



76 


75 



74 73 



72 71 



70 


69 




68 


67 



66 


65 



64 


63 



62 61 



60 59 : 58 57 



56 


55 



54 


53 



52 5 



50 49 



48 47 



46 


45 



44 


43 



42 


41 




40 


39 



38 37 



36 35 



34 33 




32 


31 



30 


29 



26 


25 



24 23 



22 


21 



20 19 



18 


17 




16 


15 




14 


13 



12 I 



10 


9 




8 


7 



6 5 



4 3 



:le 



RKS 



SPEAKER 



CLERKS 



4 96 North Carolina Manual 



Dititrirt Name County Address Seat 

25th — Earl W. Vaushn RockiriKham Eden Speaker 

25th — Jule McMichael RockinRham Reidsville 46 

2fith--J. Howard Coble (R) Guilford Rt. 10, Greensboro 85 

2(ith — Henry E. Frye Guilford Greensboro 73 

26th— Robert Odell Payne (R) Guil''ord Rt. 2, Gibsonville 86 

26th— C. W. (Charlie) Phillips, Sr... Guilford Greensboro 61 

26th — John L. Ridennur, III Guilford Greensboro 74 

26th — W. Marcus Short GuiKord Greensboro 62 

27th — Colon Blake (R) Montgomery Candor 101 

27th — C. Roby Garner, Sr. (R) Randolph Asheboro 102 

28th — T. Clyde Auman Moore West End 78 

2;»th — John W. CovinRton, Jr Richmond RockinKham 38 

30th — Hamilton C. Horton, Jr. (R) Forsyth Winston-Salem Ill 

30th- Howard A. Jemison (R) Forsyth Rt. 8, Winston-Salem 110 

30th— C. Dempsev McDaniel (R) Forsyth Rt. 1. Kernersville 109 

30th— Ed M. McKniKht (R) Forsyth Rt. 2, Clemmons 112 

30th— Marshall T. Wills (R) Forsyth Winston-Salem 113 

31st — Joe H. HeKe, Jr. (R) Davidson Lexington 105 

31st — J. Euprene Snvder (R) Davidson Lexington 106 

32nd— Clyde Hampton Whitley (R) Stanly Albt-niarle 99 

33rd — Richard S. Clark Union Monroe 72 

33rd — Fred M. Mills, Jr.. Anson Wadesboro 71 

34th — Austin A. Mitchell (R) Rowan. Kannapolis 117 

34th— Samuel A. Troxell (R) Rowan Rockwell 118 

35th — James C. Johnson, Jr. (R) Cabarrus Concord 116 

35th — Dwight W. Quinn Cabarrus Kannapolis 7 

36th — Philip Jackson Baugh Mecklenburg Charlotte 92 

36th — James Tully (Jim) Beatty. Mecklenburg Charlotte 89 

36th— Hugh B. Campbell, Jr Mecklenburg Charlotte 94 

36th— James H. Carson, Jr. (R) Mecklenburg Charlotte 104 

36th— Ernest L. Hicks Mecklenburg Charlotte 93 

36th — Arthur H. Jones Mecklenburg Charlotte 90 

36th — James B. Vogler Mecklenburg Charlotte 91 

37th — Basil D. Barr Ashe West Jefferson 13 

37th— P. C. Collins, Jr Allleghany Laurel Springs 26 

37th— J. Worth Gentry Stokes King 14 

38th— Claude Billings (R) Wilkes Rt. 1, Traphill 95 

38th — Jeter L. Haynes (R) Yadkin Jonesville 96 

39th— Gilbert Lee Roger (R) Davie Rt. 3, Mocksville 98 

39th— Homer B. Tolbert (R) Iredell Rt. 2, Cleveland 97 

40th— Robert Q. Beard (R) Catawba Rt. 3, Newton 88 

40th — Hunter Warlick (R) Catawba Hickory 87 

41st — David W. Bumgardner, Jr Gaston Belmont 58 

41st — C. E. Leatherman Lincoln Lincolnton 60 

41st— Jack L. Rhyne Gaston Belmont 70 

41st — Carl J. Stewart, Jr Gaston Gastonia 59 

42nd— Teral Thomas Bostian (R) ...Alexander Ht. 1, Taylorsville 10 ( 

42nd — William M. Fulton (R) Burke Morganton 108 

42nd— Donald R. Kincaid (R) Caldv.ell Lenoir 119 

43rd — Robert Z. Falls Cleveland Shelby 67 

43rd — Robert A. Jones Rutherford Forest City 69 

43rd — W. K. Mauney, Jr Cleveland Kings Mountain 68 

44th — James E. Holshouser, Jr. (R) Watauga Boone 103 

45th — Hugh Beam McDowell Marion 39 

45th — Claude DeBruhl Buncombe Rt. 1, Candler 41 

45th — Herschel S. Harkins Buncombe Asheville 42 

45th — John S. Stevens Buncombe Asheville 40 

46th— J. T. Mayfield (R) Henderson Rt. 1, Flat Rock 100 

47th — Ernest B. Messer Haywood Canton 18 

47th — Liston B. Ramsey Madison Marshall 47 

48th — Charles H. Taylor (R) Transylvania Brevard 114 

49th— W. P. Bradley (R) Clay Hayesville 115 



PART VM 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 




ROBERT WALTER SCOTT 
Governor 



Biographical Sketches 

EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS 

(Elected by the People) 



ROBERT WALTER SCOTT 

GOVERNOR 

Robert Walter Scott, Democrat, was born near Haw River, 
Alamance County, June 13, 1929. Son of W. Kerr and Mary 
Elizabeth (White) Scott. Attended Hawfields Graded School, 
1935; Alexander Wilson School, 1936-1947; Duke University, 
1947-1949; North Carolina State College, 1950-1952. B.S. degree 
in Animal Industry. Dairy farmer. Member North Carolina and 
American Societies of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers; 
North Carolina Farm Bureau Federation; North Carolina State 
Grange, Master, 1961-1963; with Mrs. Scott, National Grange 
"Young Couple of the Year", 1959. Member Burlington-Alamance 
County Chamber of Commerce; Haw River Junior Chamber of 
Commerce; Soil Conservation Society of America; North Carolina 
Literary and Historical Association. Past Chairman United Forces 
for Education in North Carolina. Alamance County "Young 
Farmer of the Year", 1957; President North Carolina Society of 
Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers, 19 57. Member Alpha Zeta; 
Phi Kappa Phi; Blue Key. Democratic Precinct Chairman, County 
Vice-Cliairman and State Solicitorial District Executive Commit- 
tee, 1960-1964. Member State Board of Conservation and Develop- 
ment, 1961-1964; Kerr Reservoir Development Commission, 1961- 
1964; North Carolina Seashore Commission, 1962-1964. Elected 
Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina, November 3, 1964; elect- 
ed Governor of North Carolina, November 5, 1968. Member 
Veterans of Foreign Wars. Special Agent, Counter Intelligence 
Corps, U.S. Army, 1953-1955. Member Hawfields Presbyterian 
Church; Elder, 1963-1968; Deacon, 1959-1963. Married Jessie 
Rae Osborne, September 1, 19 51. Children: Mary Ella Scott and 
Margaret Rose Scott (twins) ; Susan Rae Scott; W. Kerr Scott and 
Janet Louise Scott. Address: Route 1, Haw River, N. C. 

499 



500 North Cakoi.ina Manual 

HOYT PATRICK TAYI.OR, JR. 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR 

Hoyt Patrick Taylor, Jr., Democrat, was born in Wadesboro, 
N. C, April 1, 1924. Son of H. P. and Inez (Wooten) Taylor. 
Attended McCallie School, Chattanooga, Tennessee, 1940-1942; 
University of North Carolina, B.S. in Commerce, 1945; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1948. Practicing law- 
yer in Wadesboro. Served in U. S. Marine Corps, 1945-194 6; 
1951-1952 as First Lieutenant. Representative in the N. C. Gen- 
eral Assembly in 1955, 1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1965. Speaker 
of House in 1965. Elected Lieutenant Governor of North Caro- 
lina, November 5, 1968. Methodist. Married Elizabeth Lock- 
hart on March 17, 1951. Three children: Elizabeth Ann Taylor, 
Hoyt Patrick Taylor, HI and Adam Lockhart Taylor. Address: 
Wadesboro, N. C. 



THAD EURE 

SECRETARY OF STATE 

Thad Eure, Democrat, of Hertford County, was born November 
15, 1899, in Gates County, N. C. Son of Tazewell A. and Armecia 
(Langstun) Eure. Attended Gatesville High School, 1913-1917; 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1919; University Law School, 
1921-1922; Doctor of Laws (honorary), Elon College, 1958. Law- 
yer. Mayor of Winton, 1923-1928. County attorney for Hert- 
ford County, 1923-1931. Member of General Assembly of 1929, 
representing Hertford County. Principal Clerk of the House of 
Representatives, Sessions of 1931, 1933, and 1935, and Extra 
Session, 1936. Presidential Elector First District of North Caro- 
lina, 1932. Escheats Agent, University of North Carolina, 1933- 
1936. Elected Secretary of State in the General Election of No- 
vember 3, 193 6, and assumed duties of the office December 21, 
1936, by virtue of executive appointment, ten days prior to the 
commencement of constitutional term, on account of a vacancy 
that then occurred. Re-elected Secretary of State in General 
Elections of 1940. 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, and 1968. 
President, Ahoskie Kiwanis Club, 1927. Theta Chi Fraternity; 



Biographical Sketches 501 

Junior Order; B.P.O. Elks and a Grand Lodge Chair Officer, 1956; 
T.P.A.; Chairman Board of Trustees, Elon College; American Le- 
gion, Forty and Eight; President, National Association of Secre- 
taries of State, 1942. and became the Dean in 1961. Keynote 
speaker. Democratic State Convention, 1950, and Permanent 
Chairman, 1962. Congregational Christian Church. Married 
Minta Banks of Winton, N. C, November 15, 1924. Of this union 
there are two children, a daughter and a son, Mrs. J. Norman 
Black, Jr., and Thad Eure. Jr. Seven grandchildren. Legal resi- 
dence, Winton, Hertford County, N. C. Official address, State 
Capitol, Raleigh. 



HENRY LEE BRIDGES 

STATE AUDITOR 

Henry Lee Bridges, Democrat, vv^as born in Franklin County, 
N. C, June 10, 1907. Son of John Joseph and Ida Loraine (Car- 
roll) Bridges. Attended Wakelon High School, 1914-1920; Wiley 
School, Raleigh, 1921; Wakelon High School, 1922; Millbrook 
High School, 1923-1925; Mars Hill Junior College, A.B. degree, 
1929; Wake Forest College, B.A. degree, 1931; Wake Forest Law 
School, 1932-1933. Attorney-at-law. Member of the Greensboro 
Bar Association; N. C. State Bar. Deputy Clerk, Superior Court 
of Guilford County, August, 1935-September, 1940; December, 
1941-October, 1942; December, 1945-June 1, 1946. (Break in 
dates caused by Military Service.) Secretary and Treasurer, Guil- 
ford County Democratic Executive Committee, 1933-1940. Presi- 
dent National Association of State Auditors, Comptrollers and 
Treasurers, 1957; Executive Director National Association of State 
Auditors, Comptrollers and Treasurers, 1958-1969. Member 
and Past Master of Greensboro Lodge No. 7 6 Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons. Choraz in Chapter No. 13 Royal Arch Masons; 
Ivanhoe Commandery No. 8 Knights Templar; Sudan Temple 
A.A.O.N.M.S. ; Societas Rosecrucians in Civitatibs Foederatis; 
Raleigh Lions Club. Enlisted in National Guard May, 1934, as a 
Private; promoted to Sergeant, February, 1935; commissioned 
Second Lieutenant, June 18, 1935; commissioned First Lieutenant, 
November 18, 1939; promoted to Captain, January 28, 1943, to 



50 2 NouTii Carolina Manual 

Major OH inactive status, January 17, 1947. Entered Federal 
Service, September 16, 1940; released from active duty November 
2, 1941; recalled to active duty October 7, 194 2; relieved from 
active duty December 14, 1945. Veteran World War II, Post No. 
5;5 American Legion Local; Local No. 50 6 Forty and Eight. Dea- 
con, Hayes Barton Baptist Church; member Board of Trustees 
Wake Forest College, 1949-1952, 1955-1958, 1960-1963, 1965-1968, 
and Southeastern Baptist Seminary 19 68-. Appointed State Audi- 
tor February 15, 1947; elected four-year term 1948; re-elected 
1952, 1956, 1960. 1964, and 1968. Married Clarice Hines, De- 
cember 12, 1936. Two children: Joseph Henry, age twenty-six 
years, George Hines, age twenty-three years. Home address: 
2618 Grant Ave., Raleigh, N. C. 



EDWIX MALTIICE GILL 

STATE TREASURER 

Edwin Maurice Gill, Democrat, was born in Laurinburg, N. C. 
July 20, 1899. Son of Thomas Jeffries and Mamie (North I Gill. 
Graduate of Laurinburg High School; Trinity College, 1922-1924. 
Representative in the General Assembly from Scotland County, 
1929 and 1931. Private Secretary, Governor Gardner, 1931-1933; 
Commissioner of Paroles, 1933-1942; appointed Commissioner of 
Revenue by Governor Broughton, serving from July 1, 194 2 to 
July 1, 1949. Admitted to the Bar, January 28, 1924, and prac- 
ticed law in Laurinburg, 19 24-1931 as a member of the firm of 
Gibson and Gill, and practiced law in Washington, D. C, 1949- 
19 50 as a member of the firm of Gardner, Morrison & Rogers. 
Member of North Carolina Bar Association and the Bar of the 
District of Columbia. Collector and Director of Internal Revenue, 
Greensboro, N. C, 1950-1953. Appointed by Governor Umstead 
Treasurer of North Carolina, July 20, 1953, and elected to this 
office November 2, 1954. Re-elected for four year term, November 
6, 1956, November 8, 1960, November 3, 1964, and November 5, 
19 68. Ex-officio: Chairman of State Banking Commission; 
Chairman of Local Government Commission; Director of Local 
Government; Chairman of Tax Review Board; Chairman and In- 
vestment Officer of Board of Trustees of Teachers & State Em- 



Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 



Henry L. Bridges 
State Auditor 



Edwin Gill 

State Treasurer 



CraifT Phillips 

Superintendent of Public 
Instruction 



Kdbert .Miirnan 

Attorney General 



James A. Graham 

Commissioner of Agriculture 



Frank Crane 

Commissioner of Labor 



Edwin S. Lanier 

Commissioner of Insurance 




50 4 North Carolina Manual 

ployees' Retirement System; member of Board of Commissioners 
of the Law Enforcement Officers' Benefit and Retirement Fund; 
member and Investment Officer for Board of Trustees of Local 
Governmental Employees' Retirement System; member of State 
Board of Education; member of the Sinking Fund Commission. 
President American Parole Association, 1940-1941; President, 
Southeastern State Probation and Parole Association, 1939-1940; 
Director American Prison Association, 1939-1940. Elected mem- 
ber of Executive Committee of the National Tax Association in 
1944 for three year term. Elected member of Executive Com- 
mittee of National Association of Tax Administrators in 1946 for 
two-year term. Former member of N. C. Probation Commission. 
Former member of State Art Commission; member Board of Trus- 
tees, N. C. State Art Museum. Member of the American Legion; 
Sigma Nu Phi, Legal Fraternity; Omicron Delta Kappa, Leader- 
ship Fraternity, honorary member, Duke University, 1940; Beta 
Gamma Sigma, honorary member, UNC, Chapel Hill 1963; LL.D., 
Duke University, June 8, 1959. Methodist. Address: Raleigh, 
N. C. 



ANDREW CRAIG PHILIvIPS 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

Andrew Craig Phillips, Democrat, was born in Greensboro, N. 
C, November 1, 1922. Son of Guy B. (deceased) and Annie 
Elizabeth (Craig) Phillips. Attended Greensboro High School; 
Chapel Hill High School, graduated in 1938; Post Grad Stony- 
brook Prep School (Long Island, N. Y.), 1939; UNC, Chapel Hill, 
A.B. 1943, M.A. 1948, Ed.D., 1955. Young Man of the Year 
(Distinguished Service Award), Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
Winston-Salem, 1957. USNR, Lt. 1943-1946. Superintendent 
Winston-Salem City Schools, 1955-1962; Superintendent Char- 
lotte-Mecklenburg Schools, 1962-1967; Administrative Vice Presi- 
dent, Smith Richardson Foundation, 1967-1968. Methodist; 
member Board of Stewards; Superintendent Sunday School; Men's 
Bible Class, Teacher and President; Charge Lay Leader. Mar- 
ried Mary Martha Cobb, November 27, 1943. Children: Martha 
Gatlin, age 22, Andrew Craig, Jr., age 20, Elizabeth, age 18 and 
Eva Craig, age 7. Address: 70 9 B Hawes Court, Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketchen 505 

ROBERT MORGAN 

ATTORNEY GENERAL 

Robert Morgan, Democrat, a native of Lillington, N. C, was 
born October 5, 1925. Son of James Harvey and Alice (Butts) 
Morgan. Attended public schools, graduating from Lillington 
High School in 1942; East Carolina College (now East Carolina 
University), B.S. degree, 1947; Wake Forest College Law School, 
LL.B., 1950. While a student at Wake Forest Law School he 
filed for the office of Clerk of Superior Court of Harnett County 
and was elected. Served in this position for four years and then 
resigned to enter the private practice of law. Member of the 
local, State and American Bar Associations. Mason and Rotarian. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1955, 1959, 1963, 1965 
and 1967; President Pro Tem of Senate in 1965. While a mem- 
ber of the Senate he was recognized as a forceful and effective 
advocate of jail reform, mental health programs, better facilities 
for higher education, and numerous other programs. Won the 
Democratic nomination for the office of Attorney General in 
May of 19 68 and elected to this office in the General Election of 
November 5, 1968. Now serving his third term as Chairman of 
the East Carolina Board of Trustees. Lieutenant Commander 
in the Naval Reserve. Baptist. Married Katie Earle Owen of 
Roseboro, N. C. Two young daughters, Mary and Margaret, and 
a foster son, Rupert. Home address: Lillington, N. C. Official 
address: Raleigh, N. C. 



JAMES ALLEN GRAHAM 

COMMIS.SIONER OF AGRICULTURE 

James Allen Graham, Democrat, was born in Cleveland, Rowan 
County, N. C. April 7, 1921. Son of James Turner and Laura 
Blanche (Allen) Graham. Attended Cleveland High School, grad- 
uated 1938; North Carolina State University, 1942, B.S. in Agri- 
cultural Education, permanent President, Class of 1942. Member 
Phi Kappa Phi Honorary Fraternity. Farmer, owner and opera- 
tor of commercial livestock farm in Rowan County. Member 
Grange, Farm Bureau, N. C. Farm Managers and Rural Apprais- 



506 North Carolina Manual 

ers, N. C. Cattlemen's Association, National Association of Pro- 
ducer Market Managers, past president and member of Board of 
Directors; named "Market Manager of the Year". Member N. C. 
Soil Conservation Society, N. C. Branch United Fresh Fruit and 
Vegetable Association, secretary, 1959-1964, Board of Directors. 
Member Raleigh Chamber of Commerce, Board of Directors 19 67 
Scotch Ireland Lodge #154. Cleveland, Rowan County, N. C. 
Woodmen of the World, Board of Directors, Executive Committee 
Raleigh YMCA, Recording Secretary, 1962-1965; President Ral- 
eigh Kiwanis Club, 1965, member of Board of Directors and 
chairman of Agricultural Committee; State Committee of Natural 
Resources, State Emergency Resources Management Planning 
Committee. Member Robert Lee Doughton Memorial Commission; 
Board of Trustees, A. & T. College, 1956-1960, 1962-1969. 
Chairman, committee to administer awards program for Best 
Retail Promotion of N. C. Food Products; secretary-treasurer of 
Capital Area Development Association, 1957-1961; member of 
Board of Directors and president, 1964; Chairman of Agricultural 
Committee; President, Northwest Association of the N. C. State 
Alumni Association and Vice-President, Wake County Association 
teacher of Vocational Agriculture, Iredell County, 1942-1945 
Superintendent of Upper Mountain Research Station, 1946-1952 
General Chairman, First Burley Tobacco Festival, 1949-1950 
President, Jefferson Rotary Club, 1951-1952; Executive Secretary, 
Hereford Cattle Breeders Association, 194S-1956, first full-time 
secretary, 1954-1956; Manager, Dixie Classics Livestock Show 
and Fair, 1946-1952; in charge of Beef Cattle and Sheep Depart- 
ment. N. C. State Fair, 1946-1952; member Board of Directors, 
N. C. Sheep Breeders Association, 1949-1952; Secretary-Treasurer, 
Ashe County Wildlife Club, 1949-1950; member Governor's Coun- 
cil on Occupational Health; N. C. Board of Farm Organizations 
and Agricultural Agencies, Director of Agricultural Foundations 
at North Carolina State University; recipient. State 4-H Alumni 
Award, 1965; honorary member, N. C. Vocational Agricultural 
Teachers Association, N. C. Farm Writers Association, State 
Future Farmers of America and member Governor's State-City 
Cooperative Committee. Secretary, Southern Association of State 
Departments of Agriculture. President Southern Assc. Commis- 
sioners of Agriculture. 1968-1969 and Vice President, 1967-196S; 
member Zoological Garden Study Commission; Governor's Coun- 
cil for Economic Development. Personalities of the South. 19 6 9 



Biographical Sketchks 507 

Edition. Appointed Commissioner of Agriculture, July 29, 19 64 
by Governor Terry Sanford to complete the term of the late L. Y. 
Ballentine; elected November 3, 1964; re-elected November 5, 

1968. Deacon, First Baptist Church, 1960-1964, 1969 . 

Married Helen Ida Kirk. October 30, 1942. Two daughters, Alice 
Kirk Graham Underbill and Laura Constance Graham. Home 
address: 1810 Sutton Drive. Raleigh, N. C; farm address: Rt. 2, 
Box 4. Cleveland, N. C. 

FRANK CRANE 

COMMISSIONER OF LABOR 

Frank Crane, Democrat, was born near Waxhaw, N. C, August 
18, 1907. Son of James Thomas and Mary Emma (Lathan) Crane. 
Attended Marvin Elementary School, 1913-1918; Weddington In- 
stitute, 1919-1922; Prospect High School, 1923-1927; University 
of North Carolina, A.B., 1931; University of North Carolina Sum- 
mer School of 1931, 1932, 1933 and 1934; night course in Person- 
nel Management, North Carolina State College, 1939. Athletic 
Director and Instructor, Welcome High School in Davidson County, 
1931-1934. Safety Director, North Carolina Industrial Commis- 
sion. 1934-1938; Administrative Assistant, North Carolina Em- 
ployment Service, 1938-1939; Factory and Wage and Hour Inspec- 
tor, North Carolina Department of Labor, 1939-1940; Director of 
Conciliation and Arbitration Division, 1941-1954. Appointed 
Commissioner of Labor by Governor William B. Umstead for the 
unexpired term of the late Forrest H. Shuford. June 3, 1954; 
elected to the office of Commissioner of Labor in the General 
Election of November 2, 19 54; re-elected for four years November 
6, 1956, November 8, 19 60. November 3, 1964 and November 5, 
1968. Ex-officio member N. C. Employ the Physically Handicap- 
ped Commission. Member Governor's Nuclear Energy Advisory 
Committee; Governor's Committee on Studying Problems of Aging, 
and Governor's Delegate to the 1961 White House Conference on 
Aging; Executive Board International Association of Govern- 
mental Labor Officials; Board of the Governor's Occupational 
Health Council; Advisory Committee to the U. S. Surgeon General 
on Occupational Health; Advisory Council on Naval Affairs sixth 
Naval District; President's Committee on Safety. Association of 
State Mediation Agencies; Society for the Advancement of Man- 



508 NoiJTii Cauomxa Mantai. 

agemeiit; American and State Forestry Associations. Attended 
thirty annual meetings of Southern Industrial Relations Confer- 
ence. Member Board of Directors Wake County Chapter, Ameri- 
can Red Cross and Chairman First Aid Committee. Member 
Carolina Bird Club; T.P.A.; Raleigh Torch Club; Executives Club 
of Raleigh. Methodist. Married Mary Browning Cromer of Mon- 
roe, N. C. Office address: Labor Building, Raleigh, N. C; Home 
address: 2608 Hazelwood Drive, Raleigh, N .C. 



EDAVT[N SIDNEY LANIER 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 

Edwin Sidney Lanier, Democrat, was born in Bullock County 
(now a part of Candler County), Georgia, on July 19, 1901. Son 
of Richard and Hassie Banks Lanier (deceased), R.F.D. 1, Met- 
ier, Georgia. Attended State Normal School (a teachers college), 
Athens, Georgia, 1917-21; enrolled in the University of North 
Carolina's School of Commerce, Chapel Hill, N. C, 1921-24, as 
member of the class of 1925; part-time special student in Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Law School, 1930-34 (did not graduate). 
Teacher and athletic coach, 1924-30, Baptist Orphanage High 
School, Thomasville, N. C. Student Financial Aid Director, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1930-61. Member of Chapel Hili, N. C. 
Town Board of Aldermen, 1945-49; Mayor of Chapel Hill. 1949- 
54; County Commissioner, Orange County, N. C, 1954-56; State 
Senator from the 16th Senatorial District, 1957 and 1959. Named 
North Carolina Personnel Director by the Governor and the State 
Personnel Council, October 31, 1961. Appointed Commissioner 
of Insurance by Governor Terry Sanford, July 5, 1962, as suc- 
cessor to Charles F. Gold who served as Commissioner of Insur- 
ance from 1953 until his death on June 28, 1962. Nominated 
by State Democratic Executive Committee for Commissioner of 
Insurance and elected by the people in the November 6, 1962 
General Election for the remainder of the term; re-elected for 
four-year terms, November 3, 1964 and November 5, 1968. Bap- 
tist. Member Board of Trustees, Baptist Orphanage of North 
Carolina, 1945-49. Married Nancy Thelma Herndon, Durham, 
N. C, 1934. Children: Mrs. H. Neil Griffin and Edwin Sidney 
Lanier, Jr. Address: 2436 Oxford Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS 
APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNOR 

BENJAMIN EDISON RONEY 

ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE GOVERNOR 

Benjamin Edison Roney, Democrat, was born in Burlington, 
N. C, May 30, 1910. Son of Henry and Minna (Lee) Roney. 
Attended Rocky Mount preparatory schools; Wake Forest Col- 
lege and Duke University. Married Rebecca Brake in 1932. 
Children: Mrs. Virginia Lee Gardner, Rebecca Carlton Ball and 
Ben Roney, Jr. Address: Route 2, Rocky Mount, N. C. 



CARROLL THOMAS WEST 

NEWS SECRETARY TO THE GOVERNOR 

Carroll Thomas West, Democrat, was born in Roper, N. C, 
May 11, 1931. Son of Tom and Estel Marie (Oliver) West 
Attended Plymouth High School, 1937-1948; Fork Union Mili- 
tary Academy, Fork Union, Va., 1948-1949; University of North 
Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C, 1957, B.A. English. U. S. Coast 
Guard, 1951-1954, PO 3; 1957-1959, held temporary commission 
of LTJG. Discharged at permanent rate of PO 1. Member 
Hayes Barton Methodist Church, Raleigh, N. C. Married Sue 
Carolyn Herrington of Plymouth on July 4, 1952. Children: 
Karen Sue, 10; Anthony Carroll, 7; and Melissa Jeanette, 4. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



CLAUDE THOMAS BOWERS 

THE ADJUTANT GENERAL 

Claude Thomas Bowers, Democrat, was born in Littleton, N. C, 
July 18, 1899. Son of T. R. and Mary (Dowtin) Bowers. At- 
tended Bowers Private School, 1905-1914; Aurelian Springs High 

509 



510 NOKTII C.VKOI.INA i\[.\.MAI. 

School. 1914-1918; North Carolina State College, 1918. Distrib- 
utor of petroleum products. Member North Carolina Oil Jobbers 
Association, on Board of Directors, 1957; Warren County Cham- 
ber of Commerce, President, 1957-1958; Board of Town Commis- 
sioners, 1947-1951; Warren County Development Corp., Presi- 
dent since 1953; Bute Development Corp., Chairman, Board of 
Directors since 1955; Capital Area Development Association, 
President, 1958-1959; North Carolina Veterans Commission, 
Chairman, 1958-1961. Member 40 & 8; Warrenton Lion's Club, 
President, 1936-1938; American Legion, Commander, 1927-1928, 
1936-1938; Occoneechee Council, Boy Scouts of America, Silver 
Beaver Award, 1951. Served in U. S. Army from September 18, 
1918 to November 7, 1918, and from September 16, 1940 to 
January 15, 1946 as Private to Colonel of the Line; attended 
Infantry School (Basic Course), 1930, and Infantry School (Ad- 
vance Course), 1940. Served in North Carolina National Guard 
from January 18, 1921 to September 15, 1940, and from January 
16, 1946 to March 31, 1959 as Private to Major General. Member 
National Guard Association of the United States; Treasurer, Na- 
tional Guard Assn. of the U. S., 1963-. Member Warrenton Bap- 
tist Church; Board of Deacons, 1952-1955, 1957-1960. Chair- 
man of Finance Committee, 1954-1960. Member Board of Trus- 
tees, Meredith College. Adjutant General of North Carolina since 
1960. Married Hattie Connell, 1925. One daughter, Mrs. Stan- 
ley S. Betts. Address: Warrenton, N. C. 



WILLIAM LINDSAY TURNER 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION 

William Lindsay Turner, Democrat, was born in Rocky Mount, 
N. C, June 25, 1923. Son of William Lindsay and Betty (Joyner) 
Turner. Attended Rocky Mount High School, 1937-41; North 
Carolina State University, B.S., 1948; North Carolina State Uni- 
versity, M.S., 1950; Harvard University, DPA, 1956. Member 
American Farm Economist Association; N. C. Society of Farm 
Managers and Rural Appraisers; N. C. Chapter, American Society 
for Public Administration; Raleigh Rotary Club. Author of 
numerous articles dealing with economics of agriculture, public 



Biographical Sketches 511 

policy, agricultural adjustmeuts and farm management. Served 
in U. S. Army, 1943-45 as Sergeant. Presbyterian. Married 
Marjorie Windle in 1946. Children: Ann Windle Turner and 
William Lindsay Turner. Address: 3337 Thomas Road, Raleigh, 

N. C. 



WILiLIAM CHARLES COHOON 

CHAIRMAN STATE BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

William Charles Cohoon, Democrat, was born in Elizabeth City, 
N. C, March 31, 1917. Son of Andrew Jackson and Lillian Deliva 
(Calhoun) Cohoon. Attended Columbia High School; Oak Ridge 
Military Institute; Duke University. Member Tyrrell County 
Board of Commissioners, 1946-1950 and Tyrrell County Board of 
Education, 1950-1958. Member Masonic Lodge Providence 678; 
Shrine, Sudan Temple; Rotary Club. Seaman 1st Class United 
States Coast Guard, 1943-1944; received medical discharge. Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly of 1959 and 1961. Epis- 
copalian; Senior Warden, 1953-1958. Married Cecelia Woods, 
September 7, 1940. Children: Patricia Ann, William Charles and 
Andrea Leigh. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



FRANK LEE HARRELSON 

COMMISSIONER OF BANKS ' ' 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 
Frank Lee Harrelson, Democrat, was born in Forest City, 
N. C, September 21, 1910. Son of John and Ellen Harrelson. 
Attended Rutherford College, 1926-1928; N. C. State College, 
1931-1932, special accounting courses. Served in U. S. Navy, 
1942-1945. Member Hayes Barton Methodist Church. Married 
Martha Langston, June, 1952. Address: 402 Forsyth Street, 
Raleigh, N. C. 



512 NoKTH Carolina Manitai. 

DANIEL KETJiY MUSE 

COMMISSIONER NORTH CAROLINA BURIAL 
ASSOCIATIONS AND PERPETUAL CARE CEMETERIES 

Daniel Kelly Muse, Democrat, was born in Moore County (Car- 
thage Township), January 15, 1913. Son of James Brazel and 
Luola Belle (Kelly) Muse. Attended Elise Academy (now St. 
Andrews College), Robbins, N. C, 1926-1930; N. C. State College, 
1930-1932; sales management courses by correspondence schools. 
President. Mebane Merchants Association; Sales Supervisor, Me- 
bane Tobacco Market, 1946-1948; Chairman, Alamance County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1948-1956; Chairman, Congres- 
sional District Committee, 1966; active in Democratic Party poli- 
tics all of adult life. Presbyterian. Married Lillian Terry, Jan- 
uary 25, 1938. Two children. Address: Mebane, N. C. 



AVILLIAM M. HODGES 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA CIVIL DEFENSE AGENCY 

William M. Hodges, Democrat, was born in Washington, N. C, 
October 17, 1910. Son of Seth C. and Virginia (O'Carroll) 
Hodges. Attended Washington Collegiate School, 1924-1927; 
University of N. C, 1928; Strayer, Bryant & Stratton, 1929-1931; 
University of Maryland (USAFI) BBA, 19 58; Southeastern Uni- 
versity (Law). 1935-1937; George Washington University (USAF 
Management), 1952; University of London (Political Science), 
1960; Army Gen. Adm. School, 1933, Diploma; AAF Officer's 
Gen. Adm. (Harvard University) ; Air Tactical School, Air Uni- 
versity, 1942; Squadron Off. Course, 1947; Command & Staff Col- 
lege, Air University, 1950-1951; Armed Forces Public Information 
School, 1953. Precinct Chairman; Sec.-Treas. Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee; member of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee; delegate to the 1964 Democratic National Convention. Re- 
tired in 1961 from USAF with rank of Major. Methodist; mem- 
ber of the Official Board; Chairman of the Finance Commission. 
Two adopted children: Lindsay W. Hodges and William M. 
Hodges, Jr. Address: 7 40 West Second Street, Washington, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 513 

ROY OERODD SOWERS, JR. 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF COKSEEVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

Roy Gerodd Sowers, Jr., Democrat, was born in Jonesboro, N. 
C. September 9, 1927. Son of Dr. Roy G., Sr. and Evelyn (Baze- 
more) Sowers. Attended Campbell College Summer School, 1946; 
Wake Forest College, 1948. Business Administration; U. S. Army 
Special Warfare Psychological Warfare Course, 1961. Vice Presi- 
dent. Roberts Company (a textile machinery company). Member 
Kappa Sigma Social Fraternity; Mason; Elk; Moose; Woodman; 
Lee County Wildlife Club, President, 1967. Member Sanford 
Board of Aldermen, 1961-1967; State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, 1960-1968; Delegate-at-Large National Democratic Con- 
vention, 1964. President Lee County Industrial Development 
Committee, 1962-1964. Lieutenant Colonel, U.S.A.R. Member 
Steele Street Methodist Church, Sanford; member Board of Stew- 
ards, 1964-1966: Building Committee; President Moffitt Bible 
Class, 1967-1968. Married Joyce Howell, October 16, 1949. 
Children: Roy G., Ill and Joyce Lynn. Address 816 N. Gulf Ex- 
tension, Sanford, N. C. 



HENRY E. KENDALL 

CHAIRMAN EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

Henry E. Kendall, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, August 
2 4, 1905. Son of Henry E. and Mary Whitelaw (Wiseman) Ken- 
dall. Attended Shelby Public Schools; N. C. State College, 1922- 
1926, B.S. degree in Civil Engineering. Member Pi Kappa Alpha; 
Theta Tau Engineering Fraternity; Tau Beta Pi (Scholastic) and 
Phi Kappa Phi (Honor) Fraternities. Engineer with Plummer 
Wiseman & Co., Danville, Va., 1926-1930; Assistant office man- 
ager Dibrell Bros., tobacconists, Shanghai, China, 1931-1936; 
engineer. N. C. State School Commission, Raleigh, N. C, 1937- 
1942. Commissioned 1st Lt. Engineers Corps, U. S. Army, Sep- 
tember 18, 1942; served twenty months in European Theatre 
Operations and eight months in Asiatic Pacific; separated with 
rank of Lt. Colonel, August 7. 1946. Appointed Chairman, Un- 
• ■iiiploynient Compensation Commission (now Employment Secur- 



514 North Carolina Manitai. 

ity Coinniission) by Ciovernor R. Gregg Cherry, July 1, 1946; 
reappointed by Governor W. Kerr Scott in 194 9 for four-year 
term; reappointed by Governor William B. Umstead in 1953 for 
four-year term; reappointed by Governor Luther H. Hodges in 
1957 for four-year term; reappointed by Governor Terry Sanford, 
1961 for four-year term; reappointed by Governor Dan Moore in 
1965 for four-year term. Member Lions Club; N. C. Society of 
Engineers; Raleigh Engineers Club; American Legion (member 
of State Administrative Committee, 1950-1954 and 1960-1964); 
member Governor's Executive Committee on Employment of the 
Handicapped; Governor's Coordinating Committee on Aging; 
Governor's Committee on Status of Women. Chairman Govern- 
or's Advisory Committee on Manpower Development and Training 
Act. Member Executive Committee of the President's Committee 
on Employment of the Handicapped, 1957-67. Mason. Registered 
Engineer. President General Alumni Association N. C. State Col- 
lege, 1949-1950; Chairman Executive Committee Alumni Asso- 
ciation, 1950-1951; Vice-President Region IV Interstate Confer- 
ence of Employment Security Agencies, 1950-1952, 1958-1959 and 
1966-67. Member Advisory Committee on Technical Services; 
Governor's Council for Economic Development; Board of Direc- 
tors, North Carolina Manpower Committee; Chairman, American 
Legion Legislative Committee, 1968-1969. President Interstate 
Conference of Employment Security Agencies, 1953-1954, 1962- 
1963. Member Executive Committee same organization 1967- 
1968. Listed in Who's Who in the South and Southwest. Married 
Eliza Katherine Kerr of Yanceyville, N. C. Presbyterian. Ad- 
dress: 2814 Exeter Circle, Raleigh, N. C. 



DUNCAN Mclaughlin faircloth 

chairman state highway com:\iission 

Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth, Democrat, was born in Sampson 
County, January 14, 19 28. Son of James Bascombe and Mary 
McLauchlin (Holt) Faircloth. Attended Concord Grammar School 
and Roseboro High School. Farmer. Served as Private in United 
States Army. December 14, 1954-October 18, 1955. Presbyterian. 
Married Nancy Anne Bryan, May 26, 1967. Address: Box 496. 
Clinton, N. C. 



BiOGR^vPHiCAL Sketches 515 

J. W. BEAN 

CHAIRMAN NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

J. W. Bean, Democrat, was born in Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 7, 1893. Son of O. D. and Annie (Cornelison) Bean. 
Attended Montgomery County grammar and high schools; Ether 
Academy. Taught two years in a public school. Accepted a posi- 
tion with the Southern Railway as Clerk, 1916, at Spencer, N. C, 
and was promoted to various positions, including General Fore- 
man of Southern Railway Supply Department. Identified with 
several railroad organizations. Served as alderman and mayor 
pro tern of Town of Spencer, N. C. Chairman, Spencer School 
Board, 1928-1946. Served as Chairman of the Rowan County 
School Board Association and as Chairman of Spencer Precinct 
Democratic Executive Committee for a number of years. Secretary 
to Rowan County Democratic Executive Committee, 1928-1950. 
Member Executive Committee, International Association of Indus- 
trial Acciiient Boards and Commissions, 1959-1960. Reappointed 
as member of the North Carolina Governor's Council on Occupa- 
tional Health for a three year term by Governor Sanford, January 
4, 1962; appointed by Governor Hodges as member of the Atomic 
Energy Commission, Sept. 30, 1959. Representative from Rowan 
County in the General Assembly of 1933 and 1935. Secured leave- 
of-absence from the Southern Railway Company in 1935 for six 
months to help oiganize the North Carolina Works Progress Ad- 
ministration as State Director of Labor-Management and Rela- 
tions. Appointed by Governor Hoey as a member of the North 
Carolina Manpower Commission. Appointed by Governor Brough- 
ton as a member of the Selective Service Board of Appeals, Dis- 
trict No. 6, serving for the duration of the war. Appointed by 
Governor Cherry as a member of the nine-man committee to study 
the needs of Area Vocational Schools in North Carolina. Appointed 
in May of 19 66 by Governor Dan K. Moore as a member of the 
Emergency Resources Management Planning Committee. Ap- 
pointed by Governor Cherry in 194 5 to a one-year term on the 
North Carolina Medical Care Commission and reappointed in 
1946 for a four-year term. Appointed North Carolina Industrial 
Commissioner by Governor Scott on April 1, 1949, to fill two-year 



516 North Cakomna MANrAi. 

unexpired ttM-in; reappointed on Muy 1, 1951, for full six-year 
term. Appointed Chairman North Carolina Industrial Commission 
by Governor Hodges on December 22, 1954 and reappointed by 
Governor Hodges for a full six-year term on August 15, 1957; re- 
appointed by Governor Sanford for six-year term, September 9, 
1963. Appointed President, Southern Association of Workmen's 
Compensation Administrators, June 16, 1968. Baptist. Married 
Annie Stutts of Seagrove, N. C. Three children: two sons and one 
daughter. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



WILLIAM FLYNT >L\RSHALL, JR. 

MEMBER OF NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

William Flynt Marshall, Jr., Democrat, was born in Winston- 
Salem, N. C, March 3, 1925. Son of William F., Sr. and Iva Lee 
(Isaacs) Marshall. Attended Walnut Cove High School; River- 
side Military Academy; University of North Carolina, B.S., 1950; 
Wake Forest College School of Law, LL.B., 1960. Lawyer. 
Member Stokes County Bar; 17th District Bar; Wake County Bar; 
N. C. Bar Association; Kappa Sigma Fraternity; Masonic Lodge. 
Representative from Stokes County in the General Assembly of 
1951. Photographers Mate 2/c, 1946. Member First Presbyte- 
rian Church, Raleigh, N. C. Married Helen Lillian Cantrell, Sea- 
ford, Delaware, 1949. One daughter, Elizabeth Lillian (Beth) 
Marshall. Legal address: R.F.D. #3, Walnut Cove, N. C; mailing 
address: 5808 Chelsea Place, Raleigh, N. C. 



FORREST HERMAN SHUFORD, II 

membp:r of north Carolina industrial commission 

Forrest Herman Shuford, H, Democrat, was born in Gastonia, 
N. C, November 3, 1923. Son of Forrest H. and May (Renfrow) 
Shuford. Attended Ray Street School, High Point, N. C, Fred 
Olds School, Raleigh, N. C, Broughton High School, Raleigh, 



Biographical Sketches 517 

N. C, 193 7-1941; Wake Forest College, 1941-19 43; Duke-Wake 
Forest Law School, 1944-1946. LL.B. Member of Staff, N. C. 
Attorney General, 1947-1949: Attorney-Advisor, U. S. Dept. of 
Labor, 1949-1953; Deputy Commissioner, N. C. Industrial Com- 
mission, 1953-1962; appointed Member of the N. C. Industrial 
Commission, December 6, 1962. Member N. C. State Bar; N. C. 
Bar Association, Wake Co. Bar Association; Rotarian. Served 
in U. S. Army as private, 1943-1944. Member of Board of Dea- 
cons, First Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, N. C. Married Grace 
McDougald Ray, September 7, 1946. Two children: Forrest H. 
Shuford, III, age 16, and May Janice Shuford, age 13. Address: 
1212 Bancroft Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



JOSEPH WAIjTON GARRETT 

C0MMI.SSI0NER OF MOTOR VEHICLES 

Joseph Walton Garrett, Democrat, was born in Madison, N. C, 
March 7, 1911. Son of Joseph Walton and Sally Elizabeth (Jar- 
rett) Garrett. Attended Madison High School, graduated in 1927; 
Wake Forest College, LL.B. degree, 1932. Member American 
Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators; President of South- 
ern Region of American Association of Motor Vehicle Adminis- 
trators, 1948-1949. Member of Rotary Club of Raleigh. Presi- 
dent of Bi-State Professional Baseball League 1938, 1939 and 
1940. Representative in the General Assembly, Special Sessions 
of 1936 and 1938, Regular Sessions of 1937, 1939 and 1941. 
Staff Sergeant N. C. National Guard, Company G, 105th Medical 
Regiment, 30th Division, May 1943-September 14, 1940. Inducted 
ill National Guard with regular army in same company, September 
16, 1940, until medical discharge November 6, 1940. Member 
First Baptist Church of Raleigh; Deacon and former Secretary of 
Hoard of Deacons; General Superintendent of Sunday School. 
.Married Edythe Caiolyn Holloway, October 2, 1943. One daugh- 
ter. .Mary Elizabetli Garrett. Address: 4305 Pamlico Drive, Ral- 
eigli, N. C. 



518 North Carolina Manttal 

WADE EDWARD BROWN 

chairman north CAROLINA I50ARD OF PAROLES 

Wade Edward Brown, Democrat, was born in Blowing Rock, 
N. C, November 5, 1907. Son of Jefferson Davis and Etta Cor- 
nelia (Suddreth) Brown. Attended Mars Hill College; Wake 
Poorest University, 1931, LL.B. Member N. C. Bar Association; 
N. C. State Bar; Watauga County Bar. President, 16th Judicial 
Bar, 1946-1947. Trustee, Appalachian State University, 1941 and 
1944. Commander, Watauga Post #130, American Legion. 
Charter member, Boone Lions Club, President, 1934. Charter 
member, Boone Chamber of Commerce, President, 1935. Char- 
ter member, Boone Merchants Association; member Board of 
Trustees, Wake Forest University, 1956-1960 and 1964-1968. 
Organized and developed Boone Golf Course. Chairman, Wa- 
tauga County Hospital. Lieutenant U. S. Navy, 1944-1946. 
Member, North Carolina Senate, 1947; North Carolina House, 
1951. Mayor, Town of Boone, N. C, 1961-1967. Member First 
Baptist Church, Boone, N. C, Deacon; member General Board, 
Baptist State Convention; Moderator, Three Forks Baptist Asso- 
ciation, 1960. Married Gilma Baity, June 1, 1935. Three chil- 
dren. Address, Fairway Drive, Boone, N. C. Present address: 
523 Wade Avenue, Apt. 33, Raleigh, N. C. 



ROBERT AVT^IXSTEIX 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

Robert Weinstein, Democrat, was born in Lumberton, N. C, 
May 1, 1907. Son of Aaron and Rebecca (Katzen) Weinstein. 
Attended Lumberton High School, 1925. Wake Forest College. 
LL.B., June 4, 1931. ]Member N. C. Bar Association. IVlason, 
Scottish Rite Mason, Shriner, Sudan Temple. Past Master, St. 
Albans Lodge #114. Solicitor Recorder's Court, Lumberton, N. 
C, 1940-1942. M/Sgt., 1943-1945. Member Temple Beth-El.. 
Past President, Lumberton, N. C. Married Sylvia Lyons, Decem- 
ber 27, 1945. Addre.ss: Beckanna Apts., Apt. 807, 3939 Ghm- 
wood Ave., Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 519 

IVIE liAWRENCE CliAYTON 

COMMISSIONEB OF REVENUE 

Ivie Lawrence Clayton, Democrat, was born in Roxboro, N. C, 
July 12. 1920. Son of Nathaniel R. and Mary (Harris) Clayton. 
Attended Roxboro High School, 1937; George Washington Uni- 
versity, B.S., Business Administration, 1942. Enlisted and served 
in U. S. Army, 1943-46. Member Board of Associates, Meredith 
College; Executive Board, Boy Scouts of America, Occoneechee 
Council; member Raleigh Kiwanis Club Board of Directors and 
Executive Committee Raleigh United Fund; Executive Commit- 
tee National Association of Tax Administrators; Executive Com- 
mittee National Tax Association; Chairman, Board of Trustees, 
Federation of Tax Administrators; Advisory Council Tax Insti- 
tute of America; Past President and member of Executive Com- 
mittee Southeastern Association of Tax Administrators. Member 
First Baptist Church of Raleigh; Treasurer and Deacon. Mar- 
ried Rebecca Wicker, Sanford, N. C, November 26, 1955. Chil- 
dren: Ellen Wicker and Lawrence Wicker. Address: 1305 Gra- 
nada Drive, Raleigh, North Carolina. 



HUDSON CLATE STANSBURY 

DIRECTOR DEP.\RTMENT OF TAX RESEARCH 

Hudson Clate Stansbury, Democrat, was born in Oakvale, Miss., 
September 2 2, 1915. Son of Criss Monroe and Frances Elizabeth 
(Farmer) Stansbury. Attended elementary school of La Grange, 
Texas. 1922-1929; Copiah-Lincoln Agricultural High School and 
Junior College, 1929-1935; University of North Carolina, B.S. in 
Commerce, 1947. Member National Tax Association; National As- 
sociation of Tax Administrators, Cliairman, Research Section, 
1959-1960; Tax Institute; Phi Beta Kappa; Beta Gamma Sigma. 
Appointed Director Department of Tax Research in September, 
1957. Ex-officio member of Tax Review Board and State Board of 
Assessment; Secretary to the Tax Study Commissions of 1958, 
1966 and 1968. Corporal in United States Army, 1944-1946; 



r)20 NoHTii Cakoi.ixa ^Iantai. 

particijjated in Rhineland and Central t^uropean Campaigns as 
member of 9th Infantry Division; awarded Purple Heart. Meth- 
odist; member Official Board of Fairmont IMethodist Church of 
Raleish, 1955-1966; Secretary of Official Board. 1957; member 
Finance Commission. Married Mary Louise Adams, August 8, 
1940. Children: Hudson Clate Stansbury, Jr. and Crisstine 
Marianne Stansbury. Address: 2727 Everett Avenue, Raleigh, 
N. C. 



HARRY TRACY VVESTCOTT 

CHAIRMAN STATE UTILITIES COMMISSION 

Harry Tracy Westcott, Democrat, was born in Manteo, N. C, 
April 13, 1906. Son of George Thomas and Odessa (Tillett) 
Westcott. Attended Manteo Graded School, 1914-1920; Manteo 
High School. 1920-1924; North Carolina State University, B.S. 
degree, 1928. Attended and completed School of Transportation 
and Marketing conducted by the University of Chicago in co- 
operation with the U. S. Department of Agriculture in New York, 
1938. President, Inspectors Association of America, 1941. Mar- 
keting Specialist, N. C. Department of Agriculture, 1936-1948. 
Administrator, Federal Marketing Agreement and Order No. 81 
States of N. C. and Virginia, 1948. Director of Markets, State of 
North Carolina, 1948-1950. Appointed by Governor Scott as a 
member of the Utilities Commission, March 1, 19 50. Re-appointed 
for a term of six years, February 1, 1951; reappointed in 1957 
by Governor Hodges for a term of six years and appointed Chair- 
man of the Commission August 1, 1958; reappointed in 1963 for 
a term of eight years and reappointed Chairman by Governor 
Sanford; reappointed Chairman of the Commission by Governor 
Moore, 1965. Statutory member of the Tax Review Board; 
statutory member of the North Carolina Traffic Safety Authority; 
State Civil Defense Transportation Officer. In 1966 was elected 
Second Vice President of the National Association of Regulatory 
Utility Commissioners; elected First Vice President in 1967 and 
Chairman of the Executive Committee, and elected President of 
the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners in 



Biographical Skktchek 521 

1968. Methodist. Married Helen Rankin of Gastonia, N. C. 
March 21, 1942. Children: Helen Rankin Westcott and Robert 
Thomas Westcott. Address: 3046 Granville Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



J()H\ WORTH McDEVITT 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

John Worth McDevitt, Democrat, was born in Marshall, N. C, 
April 16, 1913. Son of N. B. and Alice (Hurt) McDevitt. Attended 
Marshall High School, 1930; Mars Hill College, 1930-1933; West- 
ern Carolina College, B.S. degree, 1938; Cornell University, 1943. 
Public school teacher, 1931-1935; Alumni Secretary and Bursar of 
Western Carolina College, 193 7-1948; Administrative Assistant, 
Budget Bureau, 1948-1950; State Personnel Director, 1950-1961; 
Director Public Relations and Personnel, Home Security Life 
Insurance Co., 1961-1965; appointed to Utilities Commission, 
February i, 1966. U. S. Navy, 1943-1945. Baptist. Mason. 
Married Rena Forest Joyner, 1937. Children, Alice Rayburn and 
Jean Forest. Address: 3827 Somerset Drive, Durham, N. C. 



CLAW SON LEE WTLLIAMS, JR. 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

Clawson Lee Williams, Jr., Democrat, was born in Sanford, N. 
C, September 15, 1934. Son of Clawson Lee Williams, Sr., and 
Margaret (Judd) Williams. Attended Sanford Central High 
School, 1952; University of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 1956; 
University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1959. Member 
American Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Wake 
County Bar Association; President, Lee County Bar Association, 
1963; Board of Editors, N. C. Law Review. Solicitor Lee County 
Recorders Court, 19 61; former Chairman, N. C. Board of Alco- 
holic Control. Member Steele Street Methodist Church, Sanford, 
N. C. Married Catherine Berryhill, July 13, 1957. Children: 
Clawson L. Williams, IH, Reece B. Williams and Jane C. Wil- 
liams. Address: 615 Brinn Drive, Sanford, N. C. 



5 22 North Cauoiina Maniai. 

MARVIN KHEM VVOOTEX 

STATE UTII.ITIFS C0MMISSI0NF:R 

Marvin Rhem Wooten, Democrat, was born in Clinton, N. C, 
May 5, 1928. Son of Henry T., Sr. and Georgia Ann (Kilpatrick) 
Wooten. Attended Clinton Public Schools, graduated, 1945; 
Presbyterian Junior College, graduated, 1947, A. A. degree; Wake 
Forest College School of Law, LL.B., 1950. Lawyer. Member 
Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks; Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, past Master Ca- 
tawba Lodge #248. Served in Democratic Pa^'ty as Precinct 
Chairman, Division Chairman, County Vice Chairman, County 
Chairman. Judicial District Executive Committee, Senatorial Dis- 
trict Executive Committee and Congressional Campaign Commit- 
tee. Served in U. S. Army, 1950-1953, Sgt. 1st Class. Chairman, 
Board of Paroles, 1965-1968. Member Westminister Presbyterian 
Church, Hickory, N. C. Married Frances Irene Arndt, INlay 25, 
1957. One son, Marvin Rhem Wooten, Jr., age 9. Address: 1309 
Kingston Ridge Road, Cary, N. C. 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS APPOINTED 

BY HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, 

BOARDS OR COMMISSIONS 

(Subject to approval by the Governor) 



GILMER ANDREW JONES, JR. 

STATE BtTDGET OFFICER 

(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

Gilmer Andrew Jones. Jr., Democrat, was born in Franklin, 
Macon County, April 19. 1920. Son of Gilmer A. and Maude E. 
(Jacobs) Jones. Attended Macon County Schools, graduated 
Franklin High School. Franklin, June, 1935; Brevard Junior 
College, 1937-1939; John B. Stetson University, 1946-1947; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1947-1949, LL.B. degree. Member N. C. 
State Bar Association; Wake County Bar Association; Phi Alpha 
Delta Legal Fraternity. Chief, Wildlife Protection Division, 
North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, 1949-1953; Trial 
Attorney, State Highway Commission. 1958-1961; Assistant At- 
torney General, North Carolina. 1961-1963; member U.S.S. North 
Carolina Battleship Commission, 1961. Served in U. S. Navy-Air 
Corps, active duty, 1940-1945; member Active Reserve, 1945- 
19 63, retired January 1, 19 63 as Commander. Member Fairmont 
Methodist Church, Raleigh, N. C. Married Betty Eloise MacCart- 
ney, August 2, 1942. Children: Marjorie Eloise Jones and Paul 
Andrew Jones. Address: 3033 Lewis Farm Road. Raleigh, N. C. 

VERNON LELAND BOUNDS 

COM.MIS.SIONER OF CORRECTION 

(Appointed by the State Commission of Correction) 

Vernon Leland Bounds, Democrat, was born in Salisbury, 
Maryland, October 13, 191S. Son of Floyd S. and Lula F. (Ger- 
man) Bounds. Attended Elkton High School, Elkton, Md., 1931- 
1935; University of California, Los Angeles, 1941; University of 
Virginia, 194.")-1947; I'niversity of Virginia Law School, 1947- 

523 



524 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

1949, LL.B.; University of Pennsylvania Law School. 1950-1951. 
Member American Correctional Assn., elected to Board of Direc- 
tors, 1966; American Correctional Administrators Assn., elected 
President, 1968; National Council on Crime and Delinquency. 
Lecturer in Law, University of Virginia Law School, 1949; Bige- 
low Teaching Fellow, University of Chicago Law School, 1949- 
1950; Bicentennial Fellow in Criminal Law and Administration, 
University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1950-1951; Professor in 
Public Law and Government, University of North Carolina, Insti- 
tute of Government, 1952-1965; Director, University of North 
Carolina Training Center on Delinquency and Youth Crime, 1962- 
1965. Served in U. S. Navy, 1936-1941, A. S. to Chief Petty Offi- 
cer; U. S. Naval Reserve (active duty), 1941-1945. Ensign to 
Lieutenant Commander; U. S. Naval Reserve (active duty), 1951- 
1952; Commander, U. S. Naval Reserve (inactive), since 1952. 
Married Marjorie Belle Sorrell, July 15, 1966. One daughter, 
Bobbi Lee Wilson, age 25; one son, Michael F. Bounds, age 23; 
and one stepson, Michael L. Upchurch, age 21. Address: P. O. 
Box 1134, Chapel Hill, N. C. 



ALFRED (XEMEXTS DAVIS 

CONTROLLER .STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

(Appointed by the State Board of Education) 

Alfred Clements Davis, Democrat, was born in Hillsborough, 
N. C, June 27, 1915. Son of James Arthur and Myrtle (Neigh- 
bours) Davis. Attended Hillsborough Elementary and High 
School, 1921-1931; University of North Carolina, 1931-1936, B.S. 
degree in Commerce, 1936. Member North Carolina Education 
Association; National Education Association; American Associa- 
tion of School Administrators; North Carolina State Employees 
Association. Delegate to the White House Conference on Educa- 
tion, 1955; served on several committees with the I'nited States 
Office of Education in development of handbooks in the State 
Education Records and Reports series. Employed in the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction as Accountant, 1936-1941 and as Di- 
rector of Division of Finance and Statistics. 1941-1943; employed 



BiOGR.VPHiCAr, Sketches 5 25 

by State Board of Education as Assistant Director of the Division 
of Auditing? and Accounting, 1943-1949, and as Director, 1949- 
1960. Appointed Controller, State Board of Education, July 21, 
19 60. Methodist; member Board of Stewards; Board of Trustees 
of Methodist Retirement Homes, Inc. Married Mabel Watson 
Kenyon of Raleigh, August 12, 1939. Children: Julia, Jimmy and 
Walter. Address: 2818 Fowler Avenue, Raleigh. N. C. 



LAWRENCE ADAMS WATTS, JR. 

GENERAL SKRVICES OFFICER 

(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

Lawrence Adams Watts, Jr., Democrat, was born in Wilming- 
ton, N. C. Son of Rev. Lawrence A. and Lallah (Brown) Watts. 
Attended Hugh Morson High School; North Carolina State Uni- 
versity, Class of 1949. Member Professional Engineers of North 
Carolina. Served in Army Air Force, World War H. Member Fair- 
mont Mt'thodist Church. Married Mary Ann Waldrop. Children: 
Lawrenti- A. Watts, III and Lois W. Watts. Address: 3 3 30 Cole- 
ridge Diive, Raleigh, N. C. 

JACOIl KOOMEN (M.D., M.l'.H.) 

STATE HEALTH DIRECTOR AND SECRETARY-TREASURER 
STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Board of Health) 

Jacob Koomen, Democrat, was born in Bristol, N. Y., September 
IS, 1917. Son of Jacob and Eva (Bunschoten) Koomen. Attended 
Pittsford High School, Pittsford, xN. Y., 1930-1934; University 
of Rochester, Rochester, N. Y., B.S. degree, 1939; University of 
Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry, M.D., 1945; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, School of Public Health, M.P.H., 1957. 
Member American Public Health Assn.; American Medical Assn.; 
Association of State Health Officers; Conference of State & 
Provincial Health Directors; Southern Medical Assn.; North 
Carolina Public Health Assn.; Medical Society of the State of 



526 NoKTii Carolina Manuai, 

Korth Carolina; North Carolina Health Council; Wake County 
Medical Society; Raleigh Academy of Medicine; North Carolina 
Tuberculosis Assn.; North Carolina Academy of Public Health. 
Received Reynolds Award, North Carolina Public Health Assn.; 
1960. Author of approximately fifteen papers in various subjects 
related to public health. Served as Senior Surgeon, U. S. Public 
Health Service. Active Duty, 1954-1956, Inactive Reserve since 
1956. Member White Memorial Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, 
N. C. ; Deacon. 1962-1964 ; Elder since 1964. Married Ruth Elinor 
Chapin, August 27, 1943. Children: John Chapin, born August 
10, 1945; Marcia Anne, born February 20, 1948; Nancy Carol, 
born December 3, 1952; Neil Chapin. born January 28, 1956. 
Address: 909 Dogwood Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 



CAMERON I'HITCHETT \VKST 

DIRECTOR XORTII CAROLINA ROAKD OF IIIOIIER FnUCATION 

(Appointed by the Board) 

Cameron Pritchett West, Democrat, was born in Walstonburg, 
N. C, March 27, 1921. Son of Ray and Virginia (Moore) West. 
Attended Walstonburg High School, graduated. 1938; B.A. Uni- 
versity of N. C, 1942; M.A.. University of N. C. 1951; Ed.D., 
1956, University of North Carolina. Member Committee on Ad- 
ministrative Affairs, N. C. Assn. of Colleges and ITniversities; 
State Advisory Council on Teacher Education of the State Board 
of Education; Educational Television Advisory Council of the 
University of N. C; Community College Advisory Council; Teach- 
er Education and Professional Standards Committee of the N. C. 
Education Assn.; Chairman, Committee on Christian Higher Edu- 
cation and Campus Ministry and member. Board of Education, 
N. C. Conference of the United Methodist Church; member, LINC 
Board of Directors; Manpower Sub-Task Force, State Planning 
Task Force. U. S. Army Air Force, 194 2-194 6. School Adminis- 
trator, Fairmont, 1946-1950 and Jacksonville, 1950-1955; Kel- 
logg Research Associate, UNC-CH 1955-1956; Professor and 
Chairman. Division of Education. Pfeiffer College, Misenheimer, 
1956-1960; Exec. Sec. and Consultant, General Assembly Com- 
mission for Study of Teacher Merit Pay, 1960-1961; Academic 
Dean, Pfeiffer College, 1960-1966; Associate Director. N. C. Board 



Biographical Sketciiks 527 

of Higher Education, May, 1966-November 30, 1968. Member 
Highland Methodist Church; member of Official Board, 1967. 
Married Florence Grace Creech, October 10, 1942. Children: 
John Cameron, Thomas Roswell and Sarah Elizabeth. Address: 
3312 Mesa Court. Raleigh, N. C. 

WIIjLARD FARKIXGTON BAB('0CK 

STATE highway ADMINISTRATOR 

(Appointed by the State Highway Commission) 

Willard Farrington Babcock, Democrat, was born in Water- 
town, Massachusetts, March 14, 1917. Son of John Brazer and 
Mildred (Willard) Babcock. Attended Brown and Nichols, Cam- 
bridge, Mass., 1931-1935; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
B.S. in Civil Engineering, 1939 and M.S. in Civil Engineering- 
Transportation Option, 19 40. Professor of Civil and Transporta- 
tion Engineering at North Carolina State College, 1940-1957; 
Consulting Engineer in Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 
1948-1957. Member American Society of Civil Engineers, Insti- 
tute of Traffic Engineers, Highway Research Board, American 
Road Builders Association, American Association of State High- 
way Officials. ;\lember Chi Epsilon Fraternity, National Presi- 
dent, 1948-1952; Tau Beta Pi; Sigma Xi; Theta Tau. Author of 
many publications, including textbooks, consulting reports and 
technical papers. Presbyterian. Married Jane Sweet, March 15, 
1941. Children: John Brazer Babcock, II; Susan Forbes Babcock; 
Sarah Farrington Babcock. Address: 2611 Wells Avenue, Raleigh, 
N. C. 



WniT.I AM MoGEE INGRAM 

(•(iXrUOI.I.KlJ STATi; HIGHWAY t'O.M M ISSION 

(Appointed by the State Highway Commission) 

William McGee Ingram, Democrat, was born in Stumpy Point, 
N. C., March 24, 193(1. Son of William McKinley and Sallie Bea- 
trice (Cheek) Ingram. Attended various grammar schools in 



528 NoK'iii Carolina AIamal 




ried Polly Elizabeth Ong, April 7, 1955. C 

Christopher. Gregory John and Jennifer Jane. Address: 240 7 

Medway Drive, Raleigh, X. C. 27608 



WILLIAM FKEEMAN HEXDEHSOX 

K.XECUTIVE SFXHFTARY XOKTII CAROI.IXA MEDICAL CARE COMMTSSIOX 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

William Freeman Henderson. Democrat, was born in J;ickson- 
ville, X. C, October 27, 1913. Son of Thomas M. and Viola 
(Freeman) Henderson. Attended the Jacksonville High School, 
1927-1931; I'niversity of Xorth Carolina, A.B., 1935; Univer- 
sity of Xorth Carolina Graduate School, 1937-1938. :\Iember 
North Carolina Hospital Association; American Public Health 
Association; President-elect American Association for Hospital 
Planning; past President State and Territorial Hospital and 
Medical Facilities Survey and Construction Authorities; member 
of Board of Directors Association for the Xorth Carolina Regional 
Medical Program; member Governor's Advisory Council on Com- 
prehensive Health Planning. Served in the following positions: 
Associate Superintendent Xorth Carolina Children's Home So- 
ciety; Administrator Onslow County Hospital and Assistant Ad- 
ministrator Moore County Hospital at Pinehurst. Lambda Chi 
Alpha P'raternity. I'niversity of Xorth Carolina, President, 19:'.r>. 
Served in U. S. Army. 1942-1945. Presbyterian. Married Mary 
Ruth Bruton, May 23, 1941. Children: Thomas Michael Hender- 
son and William Bruton Henderson. Address: 4937 Hermitagr 
Drive. Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 529 

JAMES WARREN DAVIS 

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA STATE PORTS AUTHORITY 

(Appointed by the State Ports Authority) 

James Warren Davis, Democrat, was born in Glassport, Pennsyl- 
vania, April 9, 1913. Son of Chas. Campbell and Grace Margaret 
(Leathers) Davis. Attended Glassport Graded Schools, 1918- 
1927; Glassport High School, 1927-1931; N. C. State College, 
B.S. degree in Forestry, 1937. Member American Society of Civil 
Engineers; Society of American Military Engineers; American As- 
sociation of Port Authorities; South Atlantic Ports Association; 
Regional Export Expansion Council. Baptist. Married Margaret 
DeLois Osborne of Winston-Salem. Three daughters. Address: 
Wilmington. N. C. 

WILLIAM HARRIS GIBSON 

DIRECTOR STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Probation Commission) 

William Harris Gibson, Democrat, was born in Scotland County, 
N. C, April 23, 1908. Son of William Davis and Anna (Seals) 
Gibson. Attended Wagram High School, 1914-1925; Wake Forest 
College, A.B. degree, 1929, M.A. degree, 1942. Member Society of 
Former Special Agents of F.B.I. ; Southern States Probation and 
Parole Association; Raleigh Rotary Club. Representative from 
Scotland County in the North Carolina General Assembly, 1935. 
Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1942-1956; Di- 
rector of Athletics, Wake Forest College, 1956-1964. Member 
Ridge Road Baptist Church, Raleigh, N. C. Married Susan Brad- 
sher Hester of Roxboro, N. C, 1935. Address: 2209 Lash Avenue, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

CLIFTON MORTON CRAIG 

COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

(Appointed by the State Board of Public Welfare) 

Clifton Morton Craig, Democrat, was born in Durham, N. C, 
August 4, 1918. Son of Clifton M. and Hester (Billings) Craig. 



530 NoKTii Carolina Mancai, 

Attended University of North Carolin;i, B.S. degree in Commerce, 
1939; George Washington University, 1953, Master Business Ad- 
ministration; U. S. Navy Postgraduate School (Comptrollership) ; 
U. S. Air Force Radar School; U. S. Army Communication School; 
I.B.M. Executive Course. Colonel U. S. Marine Corps, active duty, 
1940-1962; placed on retired list, 1965. Prior to retirement was 
a member of Secretary of Defense Staff, and made management 
studies for the Secretary of Defense. Industrial Director, Dur- 
ham Chamber of Commerce, 1962-65; Assistant Commissioner of 
Public Welfare, 1965-66; Appointed Commissioner in 1966. Mem- 
ber American Public Welfare Association. Serves as Chairman 
of N. C. Eugenics Board and Inter-Agency Committee. Compact 
Administrator of the Interstate Compact on Juveniles. Member 
of Governor's Coordinating Council on Aging. Governor's Advisory 
Council on Comprehensive Health Planning. Governor's Council 
on Juvenile Delinquency, Governor's Advisory Council to the 
State Committee for Children and Youth. Chief of State Civil 
Defense Welfare Services. INIember of: Committee on Population 
and the Family, North Carolina Board of Juvenile Correction, 
North Carolina Medical Care Commission, North Carolina Mental 
Health Council, State Board of Allotments and Appeal, Board of 
State Commission for the Blind, Technical Committee on State 
Health Planning and Health Services, Joint Committee for the 
Health Care of the Chronically 111 and Aging, North Carolina Con- 
ference for Social Service, North Carolina Council on Community 
and Area Development, State Emergency Resource Planning Com- 
mittee, and Steering Committee on Development of Undergraduate 
Social Welfare Project of the Southern Regional Education Board. 
Member First Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, N. C. Married Ger- 
trude Iredale of Philadelphia, July 24, 1950. One son, age 11 
and one daughter age 7. Address: 5706 Deblyn Avenue, Raleigh, 
N. C. 

ESTOX YATES BKICIvHOUSE 

STATE PURCHASING OFFICER 

(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

Eston Yates Brickhouse, Democrat, was born in Creswell, N. C, 
August 14, 1913. Son of Frank N. and Mildred (Armstrong) 



Biographical Sketches 531 

Brickhouse. Attended Creswell Elementary School, 1920-1927; 
Creswell High School, 1927-1931; Wake Forest College, 1931- 
1933; Wake Forest Law School, 1933-1934; Wake Forest College, 
1936-1937. B.S. degree; graduate, Naval Training School, Cornell 
University, 1942; graduate. Advanced Mine Warfare School, York- 
town, Virginia. Member Elks; American Legion; VFW; Reserve 
Officers' Association. Chairman, Democratic Party, Tyrrell Coun- 
ty; Executive Committeeman, Tyrrell County. Entered U. S. 
Navy, July 1. 1942, as Ensign; released to inactive duty, Feb- 
ruary, 1946; recalled to active duty, October, 1950; released to 
inactive duty. May, 1952, with rank of Lieutenant Commander. 
Baptist. Single. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



RALPH JAMES ANDREWS 

DIRECTOR OF RECREATION 

(Appointed by the Recreation Commission) 

Ralph James Andrews, Democrat, was born in Norton, Kansas, 
July 6, 1906. Son of Fred R. and Effie M. (Stout) Andrews. 
Attended University of Nebraska, 1924-1929, BPE and B.SC; 
Graduate Schools of University of Nebraska and University of 
Montana, 1935-1939; Peabody Graduate School, M.A. and 2 years 
of work toward Ph.D. Member American Institute of Park Ex- 
ecutives, elected member of Board for 1959-1962, Associate Editor, 
1957-1962; American Recreation Society; American Red Cross; 
North Carolina Recreation Society, President, 1949-1950; Ameri- 
can Association Health, Physical Education & Recreation; North 
Carolina Society of Safety Engineers; North Carolina (and Na- 
tional) Adult Education Association; World Press Association; 
N. C. Travel Council; N. C. Council for Social Service; N. C. 
Family Life Council; Family Camping Club of America; Boy 
Scouts of America (Committeeman). Has worked in education 
in elementary, junior high school and high school through under- 
graduate (Head of Department of Athletics, Health, Physical 
Education and Recreation of Western Carolina College). Professor 
in Graduate School, Peabody College, Coordinator of wartime 
education for the North Carolina State Department of Public 
Instruction and North Carolina Director of a Kellogg Foundation 



532 NoKTii Carolina Manxtai. 

Study on School-Community Health Study. Who's Who (in (1) 
American Education and in (2) South and Southwest). Has con- 
tributed many articles to recreation and education journals; As- 
sociate Editor, Park and Recreation, American Institute of Park 
PLxecutives; also articles in American Banker, Journal of Ameri- 
can Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation 
and others; State College Certificate of Appreciation (1963) in 
recognition of services. Received highest honors of American 
Institute of Park Executives, American Recreation Society (the 
Fellow Award); Appointed by Governor as member of Kerr 
Reservoir Development Commission. Governor's Committee on 
Juvenile Delinquency and Adult Crime, Governor's Coordinating 
Council on Aging, Governor's Committee on Water Safety, North 
Carolina Council on Natural Resources, Governor's Advisory Coun- 
cil for Children and Youth, Governor's Advisory Council for Eco- 
nomic Development, Governor's Council on Natural Resources, and 
Governor's Marine Science Council. American Park and Recreation 
Society Committee on the Distinguished Fellow Awards. Captain, 
U. S. Army, 1943-1944 and 1950-1952. Local Commander (1957) 
and State Commander (1958), Amvets. Member Highland i\leth- 
odist. Married Clarine G. Anderson, May 27, 1928. One son. 
Robin D., born in 1945, and one daughter, Tarnie F., born in 1950. 
Address: 1419 Ridge Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



COLLIN McKIWE 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OB" VETERANS AFFAIRS 

(Appointed by the Board) 

Collin McKinne, Democrat, was born in Louisburg. N. C, Jan- 
uary 27. 1921. Son of Malcolm and Ethelynd (Peterson) Mc- 
Kinne. Attended Mills Elementary School of Louisburg. 19 27- 
1935; Webb School, Bell Buckle, Tenn., 1935-1939; N. C. State 
College, B.S. in Industrial Engineering; graduate. Regular 
Course, Command and General Staff College, U. S. Army. Mem- 
ber Board of Alcoholic Control of Town of Louisburg; Secretary- 
Treasurer Franklin County Youth Democratic Club, 1953-19.^)4; 
Deputy State Director of Civil Defense. 1954-1955. App<)inte<l 



Biographical Sketches 533 

Director North Carolina Department of Veterans Affairs, October 
15, 1957. Served in European Theatre of Operations, U. S. Army, 
World War II; discharged as Captain; member N. C. National 
Guard since World War II and presently Executive Officer 30th 
Infantry Division Artillery, with rank of Lieutenant Colonel. 
Member Kappa Sigma; American Legion; Forty & Eight; Vet- 
erans of Foreign Wars; American Veterans of World War II. 
Episcopalian; Vestryman, St. Paul's Episcopal Church of Louis- 
burg. Married Betty C. Hochenedel of Houma, La., March 18, 
1944. Two daughters, Jane Elliott and Elizabeth Peterson. 
Address: Louisburg, N. C. 



GEORGE EUGENE PICKETT 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND AIR RESOURCES 

(Appointed by the North Carolina Board of Water and 
Air Resources) 

George Eugene Pickett. Democrat, was born in Durham, N. C, 
October 20, 1907. Son of Henry Saunders and Betty (Ward) 
Pickett, both deceased. Attended Fuller School, Durham, N. C, 
1914-1921; Central High School, Durham. 1921-1926; N. C. State 
University, 1930, B.S. in Engineering; University of Pittsburgh, 
Advance Management, MPE-15, 1955. Member Phi Kappa Phi, 
National Society of Professional Engineers of North Carolina; 
American Society of Civil Engineers; Institute of Electrical and 
Electronic Engineers; Society of American Military Engineers; 
Raleigh Engineers Club; Raleigh Lions Club. Served in U. S. 
Army, 1940-1962. Colonel. Member Edenton Street Methodist 
Church; member Board of Stewards since 1964. Married Queoga 
Ward, October 8. 1926. Two sons: George E. Pickett, Jr., Ral- 
eigh, N. C. and J. Dan Pickett, Raleigh, N. C. Address: 3308 
Felton Place, Raleigh. N. C. 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS APPOINTED BY 
HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, BOARDS 
OR COMMISSIONS 

(With no approving authority) 
HOUSTON G\VYX\E JONES 

DIRECTOR STATK DKPAKTM KNT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

(Appointed by the Executive Board of the Department.) 

Houston Gwynne Jones was born in Caswell County, X. C, Jan- 
uary 7, 1924. Son of Paul Hosier and Lemma Sue (Fowlkes) 
Jones. Attended Cobb Memorial High School. Ruffin, N. C, 
1930-1941; Appalachian State University, B.S., 1949; George 
Peabody College, M.A., 1950; Duke University, Ph.D., 1965; 
additional graduate work at New York University; Certificate in 
Archival Administration from The American University, 1957. 
Served as editor of weekly newspaper, 1949; Professor History 
and Political Science in colleges in North Carolina and Georgia, 
1950-1956; State Archivist of North Carolina, 1956-1968. Mem- 
ber Society of American Archivists (Fellow since 19 61, Treasurer, 
1961-1967. Vice President, 1967-1968 and President. 1968-1969) ; 
American Historical Association; National Trust for Historic 
Preservation; American Association for State and Local History; 
National Microfilm Association; Special Libraries Association; 
Historical Society of North Carolina; North Carolina Literary 
and Historical Association. Secretary of the Joint Committee 
on the Status of the National Archives, 19 67-19 68; Consultant 
on Archival and Historical IMatters with the States of Florida, 
California and Virginia, 1966-19 68; member of Advisory Com- 
mittee of the Biographical Directory of the American T'evolution. 
Editor-in-Chief, North Carolina Historical Rerieic. Editor, Guide to 
State and Provincial Archival Agencies (1961); Co-editor, Union 
List of North Carolina Newspapers. 1751-1900 (1963); Author of 
Bedford Broicn : State Higlits Unionist (1955; winner of R. D. W. 
Connor Award); Author of For History's Sake (1966; winner of 
Waido Gifford Leland Prize and Award of Merit of the American 
Association for State and Local History) ; Author of The Records 

534 



Biographical Sketchks 535 

of a Nation (1969). Served as Sonarman and Yeoman in U. S. 
Navy. 1942-1946, in European and Asiatic theatres of combat; 
wounded at invasion of Anzio, Italy. Member United Church of 
Raleigh. Single. Address: c/o State Department of Archives 
and History, Raleigh. N. C. 



JUSTUS BIER 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA MXTSEUM OF ART 

(Elected by the Board of Trustees North Carolina Museum of Art) 

Justus Bier was born in Nuremberg, Germany, May 31, 1899. 
Son of Jacob and Minna (Honig) Bier. Studied at Universities of 
Munich, Erlangen, Jena, Bonn and Zurich; Ph.D. Magna Cum 
Laude, University of Zurich, 1924. Member College Art Ass'n of 
America; Southeastern College Art Conference; Southern Art 
Museums Directors Association; Southeastern Museums Confer- 
ence; International Council of Museums; American Society for 
Aestheti'^s, Chairman of session on problems in Aesthetics, 1954; 
Midwestern College Art Conference. President, 19.51-1952; Society 
of Architectural Historians; American Federation of Arts; Asso- 
ciation of American University Professors; International Art 
Critics Association; Delta Phi Alpha (honorary fraternity in the 
German language); Kappa Pi (honorary art fraternity); Phi 
Kappa Phi (honorary scholarship fraternity). Research Grant 
and Publication Grant, Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissen- 
schaft, 1928, 1930; Albrecht Durer Medal, City of Nuremberg, 
Germany, 1928; August Kestner Medal, Kestner-Gesellschaft, 
Hannover, Germany, 1938; Research Grant, Institute for Advanced 
Study, Princeton, 1953-1954; Guggenheim Foundation, Publica- 
tion Grant, 1959; Fulbright Fellow, University of Wurzburg 
1960-1961; Visiting Professor, Free University of Berlin, 1956- 
1957; University of Southern California, summer semester, 1959; 
University of Colorado, summer semester, 1963. Director and 
Curator, Kestner-Gesellschaft Art Institute, Hannover, Germany, 
1930-1936; Founder and Director, Museum fur das Vorbildliche 
Serienprodukt, Hannover, 1930-1936; Head of Fine Arts Dept., 
University of Louisville, Kentucky, 1937-1960; Director, Allen R. 
Hite Art Institute, 1946-1960; Art Editor and Art Critic, Courier- 



5;] 6 NoKTTi Cakoi.ixa Mamai, 

Journal, Louisville, 1944-1956; Board .Member, Deutscher Work- 
bund. Berlin, 1931-1934; Advisory Board of Art Education, Uni- 
versity of Kentucky, 1947; Advisory Committee, Kentucky State 
Fair and Exposition Center, 1949; member of Board of Directors, 
Louisville Art Center Association 1940-1960; Director, Junior 
Art Gallery, Louisville, 1949-1960; Louisville Council of Historic 
Sites and Buildings, 1950-1953; Professional Advisor, Junior 
League, Louisville, 1945-1960; Editorial Council of Journal of 
Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 1951-1953. Author of following 
books: Nui'nhe7-(iisch-fr(rnkische Bildnerkunst. 1922; Delsenhachs 
Nurnhergische Ansichten. 1924; TUmann Riemensrhneider, Vol. I, 
1925, Vol. II, 1930, Vol. Ill, in print; Old Nuremberg, A Work of 
Art in Toirn-Architecture. 1928; TUmann Riemenschneider ; Ein 
Gedenkbuch, Sixth Edition, 1948. Articles in American, English, 
French, German and Italian scholarly art journals including The 
Art Bulletin, Art in Aynerica, Art Quarterly, Studio, Gazette des 
Beaux-Arts, Munchner Jahrbuch der Bildenden Kunst and Metro- 
politan Museum of Art (New York) Bulletin. Married Senta Dietzel, 
March 17, 1931. One son. Max Robert. Address: 201 Peartree Lane, 
Raleigh, N. C. 27610. 



GRADY R. GALT.<)WAY 

EXLTUTIVE DIKECTOR NORTH CAROLINA STATE COMMISSION 

FOR THE BLIND 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Grady R. Galloway, Democrat, was born in Jackson County, 
N. C. Son of Elbert Daniel and Sarah (Ward) Galloway. At- 
tended Sylva High School, Sylva, N. C, 1933-1937; Western 
Carolina University, Cullowhee, N. C, 1941. B.S. degree; W^estern 
Carolina University, 1961, M.A. degree. Member National Re- 
habilitation Association. Board member National Rehabilitation 
Association. 1964-1967. Member National Rehabilitation Coun- 
seling Association; North Carolina Rehabilitation Association. 
Past President of North Carolina Rehabilitation Association. 
Member American Association of Workers for the Blind; Raleigh 
Lions Club. President, Western Carolina University Alumni, 
1963; President Haw Creek Lions Club, 1965; Regional President, 



Biographical Sketches 537 

Rehabilitation Counseling Association, 19 62. Treasurer, Blue 
Ridge Chapter, Society for Crippled Children and Adults, 1963- 
1965; member Board of Asheville Exchange Club Workshop for 
Retarded, 1964-1965; member Planning Council of Buncombe 
County for Retarded, 1964-1965. Serving as Commander, U. S. 
Coast Guard Reserve; participated in major invasions of North 
Africa, Sicily, Salerno-Italy, Normandy, Southern France and 
Okinawa; decorated for gallantry in action for performance at 
Salerno, and received citations during other invasions. Currently 
member of Board of Raleigh Lions Clinic for the Blind; Board 
member of North Carolina Association for the Blind and member 
of Board of the North Carolina Society for the Prevention of 
Blindness. Member of First Baptist Church of Cary. Married 
Irene Graham, 1950; Children: Karen, Neal and Mark. Address: 
104 Shirley Drive, Cary, N. C. . 



ISAAC EPPS READY 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES 

(Appointed by the State Board of Education) 

Isaac Epps Ready, Democrat, was born in Johnston, S. C, 
December 17, 1903. Son of Edgar Lowndes Ready and Elise Epps 
Ready. Attended Johnston, S. C, public schools; University of 
South Carolina, A.B. "Cum Laude," 1925, A.M., 1929; New York 
University, Ed.D., 1949; other graduate study: University of 
North Carolina, Chapel Hill; University of Chicago; Harvard 
University, and Columbia University. Member North Carolina 
Education Association; National Education Association; Ameri- 
can Association of School Administrators; Sigma Chi; Phi Delta 
Kappa; Kiwanis Club. Teacher and Coach, Olar, S. C; Rocky 
Mount, N. C; Ridgeland, S. C. Assistant Principal, Central High 
School, Charlotte, N. C; Principal, Rocky Mount High School, 
Rocky Mount, N. C; Hugh Morson High School, Raleigh, N. C. 
Superintendent Roanoke Rapids City Schools; Director, Curricu- 
lum Study, State Board of Education. Member Edenton Street 
Methodist Church. Married Marguerite Cook, 1928. Two sons, 
Epps, Jr. and Judson; one daughter, Lucia (Mrs. Ronnie Waters). 
Address: 744 St. George Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



538 North Carolina Manual 

BERT M. MONTAGUE 

DIRECTOR ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE COURTS 

(Appointed by the Chief Justice) 

Bert M. Montague was born in Wake County, November 16, 
1924. Attended public schools in Wake County. Graduate of 
Wake Forest College and Wake Forest Law School. Private law 
practice in Raleigh, 1953-1955. Member American Bar Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina Bar Association; Wake County Bar As- 
sociation; American Judicature Society; State Constitution Study 
Commission; Attorney General's office, 1955-1956. Administra- 
tive Assistant to Chief Justice, 1956-1965; Executive Secretary 
of North Carolina Judicial Council, 1960-1968; Assistant Direc- 
tor, Administrative Office of the Courts, 1965-1968; Director, 
Administrative Office of the Courts since February 5, 1968. 
Former member of Board of Managers of the Council of State 
Governments, and Chairman of the National Conference of Court 
Administrative Officers. Served as fighter pilot in European 
Theatre during World War II. Lt. Colonel in Air Force Reserve. 
Member of Calvary Baptist Church. Married Inez Hood of 
Raleigh. Four children. Address: 125 King William Road, 
Raleigh, N. C. 



ALEXANDER KENAN BROCK 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY STATE ROARD OF ELECTIONS 

(Elected by the Board) 

Alexander Kenan Brock, Democrat, was born in Winston-Salem, 
N. C, December 26, 1924. Son of the late Judge Walter E. and 
Elizabeth (Ashcraft) Brock. Attended Raleigh Public Schools; 
The Citadel, Charleston, S. C; University of North Carolina; 
U. S. Army School of Administration; School of Insurance, Hart- 
ford, Conn. Founder and operator of Brock Office Supply Com- 
pany until retirement in 1967. Also officer in Brock-Poole, Inc. 
until 1967. Member Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity and several civic 



Biographical Sketches 539 

clubs; Precinct Committee, 1958-1960; Democratic Finance Com- 
mittee, Wake County, 1961-1962. Long active in political af- 
fairs and campaigns of the Democratic Party. Served as Ser- 
geant-Ma jor. Division Artillery, 75th Infantry Division; Sergeant- 
Major Headquarters, 195th Labor Supervision Center; inducted 
1943 and served through December, 194 6; attended Army School, 
Rheims, France. Member Saint Timothy's Episcopal Church, 
Raleigh; served as Vestryman, 1955-1957; Treasurer of the Ves- 
try, 1958-1959; Board of Trustees, Saint Timothy's School, 1960- 
19 63; now serving as Vestryman and Parliamentarian. Married 
Doris Pool Green of Raleigh and Charlotte. Two children: Kenan, 
age 21, student at Campbell College, and Danny, age 17, student 
at Sanderson High School, Raleigh. Address: 428 Oakland Drive 
(P. O. Box 2682), Raleigh, N. C. 



CAMERON WADDELL LEE 

CHIEF ENGINEER STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the State Highway Administrator 
subject to approval by the Commission) 

Cameron Waddell Lee, Democrat, was born in Asheville, N. C, 
November 23, 1914. Son of Ralph E. and Mabel (Robinson) Lee. 
Attended Asheville City Schools, 1921-1931; University of South 
Carolina, B.S., in Civil Engineering, 1935. Member N. C. Society 
of Engineers; Southeastern Association of State Highway Offi- 
cials; American Association of State Highway Officials; American 
Road Builders' Association; Transport Committee of American 
Association of State Highway Officials since 1960, and a member 
of the Planning and Design Policies Committee since 1964. Com- 
mander U. S. Navy (Reserve); active duty, 1942-1946 and 1951- 
1953. Baptist; formerly belonged to Presbyterian Church and 
served as Deacon, 1948-1951 and Elder, 1954-1957. Married 
Helen Lawhon of Union, S. C, June of 1942. Children: Cameron, 
Jr., age 26; Richard, age 22; David, age 20; Edwin, age 14. 
Address: 205 West Sycamore Street, Wake Forest, N. C. 



540 North Cakoi.ina Manual 

CHARLES DUNN 

DIRECTOR STATK BURKAU OF INVESTIGATION 

(Appointed by the Attorney General) 

Charles Dunn, Democrat, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., June 
29, 1934. Son of Charles Rome and Lelia Mae (Whitley) Dunn. 
Graduated from Ahoskie High School in Ahoskie, N. C; attended 
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, receiving an A.B. in 
Political Science in 1956; did graduate work in Political Science 
at the University. Worked with various newspapers, including 
the Hertford County Herald, the Chapel Hill Weekly and the 
Durham Morning Sun. Was Legislative Assistant to former Con- 
gressman Horace Kornegay and Special Assistant to Governor 
Dan Moore during his administration. Member Governor's Law 
and Order Committee. Appointed Director of the State Bureau 
of Investigation by Attorney General Robert Morgan and assumed 
the position on January 3, 1969. Served in U. S. Army Signal 
Corps, 1957-1959. Methodist. Married to the former Martha 
Ellen Sherrill. One daughter, Sherrill. Address: 420 Emerson 
Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

BLAINE MARK MADISON 

COMMISSIONER OF JUVENILE CORRECTION 

(Appointed by the Board of Juvenile Correction) 

Blaine Mark Madison, Democrat, was born in Olin, Iredell 
County, N. C. Son of Charles M. and Molly (White) Madison. 
Attended Union Grove High School, graduating in 1926; High 
Point College, A.B., 1929; Duke University, M.A., 1933 and M.Ed., 
1939. Member National Association of Training Schools and 
Juvenile Agencies; American Prison Association; American Wel- 
fare Association; North Carolina Council for Social Service; 
Kappa Delta Pi Honorary Scholarship Fraternity in Education. 
Author of numerous professional articles for North Carolina 
Education, North Carolina Christian Advocate, The State, PTA 
Bulletin and Bulletin Service of the Methodist Church of the 
United States. President Adult and Juvenile Delinquency Division 



Biographical Sketches 541 

North Carolina Council for Social Service; President North Cen- 
tral District of North Carolina Education Association, 1950; 
President Raleigh Unit North Carolina Education Association, 
1949; Treasurer Southeastern Division of Child Welfare League 
of America, 1948; Chairman Governor's Committee on Juvenile 
Delinquency and Youth Crime; Special Consultant President's 
Committee on Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crime; President 
of the National Association of Training Schools and Juvenile 
Agencies July 1965-June 1967; Member of the Professional 
Council of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency Janu- 
ary 1966-December 31, 1968; President Raleigh Family Service 
Society, 1949. Appointed Commissioner of the State Board of 
Correction and Training July 1, 1956. Member Raleigh Lions 
Club, First Vice-President, 1951. Member Edenton Street Metho- 
dist Church of Raleigh; past Chairman Board of Stewards; Teach- 
er of Fidelis Bible Class; former Lay Leader of the Raleigh Dis- 
trict of the Methodist Church; former Treasurer of the Board of 
Lay Activities of the North Carolina Methodist Conference; mem- 
ber Board of Education of the North Carolina Conference; Exec- 
utive Committee of the North Carolina Council of Churches; 
Executive Committee of the Southeastern Jurisdictional Council 
of the Methodist Church. Married Helen Williams, 1935. Ad- 
dress: 1809 McDonald Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 



ELWOOD BOYD DIXON 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
N. C. LAW ENFORCEMENT Oi'FICEIJS' BENEFIT AND RETIREMENT FUND 

(Appointed by the Board of Commissioners) 

Elwood Boyd Dixon, Democrat, was born in Edward, Beaufort 
County, N. C, February 27, 1905. Son of Dr. William Harvey and 
Carrie Maxwell (Boyd) Dixon. Attended Ayden High School, 
Aydon, N. C, 1918-1921; Randolph Macon Military Academy, Bed- 
ford, Va., 1921-1922; University of North Carolina, graduating, 
1926, H.S. in Business Administration; Stonier Graduate School of 
Hanking; Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N. J., 1955-1956, 
graduating, 1957. Former Treasurer and Director Raleigh Chap- 



54 2 North Cakolina Manual 

ter National Office Management Association; past President Ral- 
eigh Clearing House Association; former Treasurer and member 
of the Board, Wake County Chapter, N. C. Society for Crippled 
Children and Adults. Former member Advisory Board, Raleigh 
Y.W.C.A. Past Director Raleigh Chamber of Commerce; member 
and past Vice President Raleigh Lions Club. Charter member 
Delta Sigma Pi, National Business Fraternity, U. N. C. Member 
William G. Hill Lodge, A.F. & A.M., No. 218, Raleigh, N. C; 
Scottish Rite Bodies and Shriner, Sudan Temple. Former Vice- 
President North Carolina National Bank, Raleigh, N. C, retired 
March 31, 1962. Member Fairmont Methodist Church, Raleigh, 
N. C; currently member Board of Trustees. Chairman Official 
Board, 1954. Married Roberta Smith, LaGrange, N. C, March 
26, 1932. One daughter, Roberta Harvey, now Mrs. Hart H. 
Gates, Marietta, Ga. Address: 2700 Van Dyke Avenue, Raleigh, 
N. C. 27607 



PHILIP S>IYTHE OGELVIE 

STATE librarian 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Library Board) 

Philip Smythe Ogilvie, Democrat, was born in Savannah, Ga., 
March 14, 1919. Son of Philip Smythe and Mary Eva (Moore) 
Ogilvie. Attended Savannah High School, Savannah, Ga.; St. 
Charles' Junior College, Catonsville, Maryland; St. Mary's Semi- 
nary and University, Baltimore, Md., B.A. degree, June, 1944; 
Catholic University of America, Washington, D. C, B.S. in Lib. 
Sci., August, 1947. Member American Library Assn.; Special 
Libraries Assn.; Southeastern Library Assn.; North Carolina Li- 
brary Assn. Contributor to professional periodicals. Director, 
Albemarle Regional Library, Winton. N. C, 1954-1956; Director, 
Coastal Plain Regional Library, Tifton, Ga., 1956-195S; Director, 
Roanoke (Va.) Public Library, 1958-1961; Director, Jackson 
(Miss.) Public Library, 1961-1963; Chief of Central Library, 
Tulsa, Okla., 1963-1965. Member Roman Catholic Church; As- 
sociate Editor, North Carolina Catholic, 1947-1949; Elxecutive 
Secretary, Catholic Committee of the South, 1949-1953. Married 



Biographical Sketchks 543 

Joan Marie Forshag of New Orleans, La., May 29, 1952. Children: 
Elizabeth Mary, Patrick Albert, Henry Alton, Anne Lillian, Jo- 
seph Andrew, and Jane Katherine. Address: 630 Peartree Lane, 
Raleigh, N. C. 27610 



HARLAN E. BOYLES 

SECRETARY LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the State Treasurer) 

Harlan E. Boyles, Democrat, was born in Vale, N. C, May 6, 
1929. Son of Curtis Evan and Kate Lillian (Schronce) Boyles. 
Attended North Brook Schools, 1935-45; Crossnore School, 1945- 
47; University of Georgia, 1947-48; University of North Caro- 
lina. 1948-51, B.S. Certified Public Accountant, 1955. Member 
N. C. Association of Certified Public Accountants. Deputy State 
Treasurer and Executive Secretary to the Tax Review Board. 
Presbyterian; Elder. Married Frances Wilder, 1952. Children: 
Lynn, Edward and Phyllis (step-daughter). Address: 1924 Fair- 
field Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 27608 



EUGENE ALEXANDER HARGROVE, M.D. 

COMMISSIONER OF MENTAL HEALTH 

(Appointed by the State Board of Mental Health) 

Eugene Alexander Hargrove, Democrat, was born in San Eliza- 
rio, Texas, August 2, 1918. Son of William Franklin and Nell 
(Dasy) Hargrove. Attended Austin High School of El Paso, 
Texas, 1932-1936; University of Texas, A.B., 1939; University of 
Texas School of Medicine, M.D., 1942. Fellow in Psychiatry, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, 1947-1950. Physician, specializing in psy- 
chiatry. Diplomate American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, 
1950. Member American Medical Association; American Psychiatric 
Association; American Academy on Mental Retardation; American 
Association on Mental Deficiency; North Carolina Medical Asso- 



ri44 NouTii Cakoi.ina M vmai, 

elation; North Carolina Neuropsychiatric Association; Wake 
County Medical Society. Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina School of Medicine. Co-author of "The 
Practice of Psychiatry in General Hospitals." Also has contrib- 
uted many articles appearing in various medical journals. Served 
as Captain in Army Medical Corps, 1944-1946. Member First 
Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, N. C. Married Ethel Crittenden, 
September 2, 1946. Children: Eugene Alexander, Jr., age 21; 
Thomas, age 17; William, age 15. Address: 2429 Wentworth 
Street, Raleigh, N. C. 



CLAUDE EDWARD ( ALDWELL 

STATE PERSONNEL DIRECTOR 

(Appointed by the State Personnel Board) 

Claude Edward Caldwell, Democrat, was born in Meriwether 
County, Ga., October 25, 1918. Son of Lamar and Martha Eliza- 
beth (Funderburke) Caldwell. Attended Georgia State College, 
B.C.S., June, 1945; Emory University Law School, LL.B. degree, 
1948. Member Public Personnel Association; American Manage- 
ment Association; American Society for Public Administration; 
Phi Delta Phi Fraternity. Member Millbrook Baptist Church; 
Chairman, Board of Deacons, 1960-1962; Superintendent, Edu- 
cational Organizations, 1963-1966. Married Mary Frances Tol- 
lison. Children: Mary Claudia; Steven Lamar; John Weston; 
Martha Elizabeth, and Nancy Ann. Address: 4300 Falls of Neuse 
Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



GWYX B. PRICE 

CHAIRMAN N. C. RURAL FXECTRIFICATION AUTHORITY 

(Elected by the Rural Electrification Authority) 

Gwyn B. Price, Democrat, was born in Warrensville, N. C, June 
2, 1900. Son of Avery A. and Victoria (Graybeal) Price. Attended 
Jefferson High School of Jefferson, N. C; Duke University, 1919; 



Biographical Sketcheh 545 

Emory & Henry College. A.B., 1924; graduate student University 
of North Carolina, 1928. Owner Rich Hill Farm. Member Farmers 
Cooperative Council of North Carolina; N. C. Board of Farm 
Organization & Agricultural Agencies; Director Farmers Coopera- 
tive Exchange, Inc.; member Yadkin Valley Dairy Cooperative, 
Wilkesboro, N. C; Blue Ridge Electric Membership Corporation 
and Skyline Telephone Membership Corporation, West Jefferson, 
N. C. Awarded certificate by the North Carolina State Grange 
for Distinguished Service to North Carolina Farm People, 1954. 
Principal of Jefferson High School, 1924-1938. Chairman North 
Carolina Rural Electrification Authority since 1941. Member 
Rotary Club; The North Carolina State Grange; Kappa Phi 
Kappa; Tau Kappa Alpha; Sigma Chi. Methodist. Married 
Pauline Shoaf, 1925. Children: Joe Gwyn Price and Mrs. Virginia 
Ruth Price Roberts. Home address: Warrensville, N. C. Office: 
Box 630, Raleigh, N. C. 



JAMES EVERETTE MILLER 

DIRECTOR 
TRACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(Elected by Board of Trustees) 

James Everette Miller, Democrat, was born in Ahoskie, N. C, 
October 16, 1909. Son of James Rufus and Mary Gertrude 
(Brett) Miller. Attended Campbell College, 1927-1929; Wake 
Forest College, 1929-1931, A.B.; Wake Forest College, M.A., 
1946; additional graduate work at Duke University, George 
Peabody College for Teachers and University of North Carolina. 
Director of Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System, 
North Carolina Local Governmental Employees' Retirement Sys- 
tem, and N. C. Public Employees' Social Security Agency. Mem- 
ber Board of Trustees, Wake Forest University; recognized by 
Wake Forest University in 1967 with a Citation for Distinguished 
Service to Education; Chairman, National Council of Chief State 
School Officers Study Commission; Associate State Superintend- 
ent of Public Instruction. 1951-1968. Lt. Commander, U. S. 
Naval Reserve, 194 2-194 6. Deacon, Trustee, and Teacher, First 



546 North Carolina Manual 

Baptist Church. Raleigh, N. C; member of General Board and 
Chairman of Council on Christian Education, Baptist State Con- 
vention. Married Olive Hamrick. September 16, 1944. Two 
children, Mrs. James Peter Van Dorsten, Chapel Hill, and Susan 
Hamrick Miller. Home address: 151 Pasquotank Drive, Ral- 
eigh, N. C. 27609 



CLYDE PHARR PATTON 

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 
NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES C0M:MIS.SI0N 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Clyde Pharr Patton, Democrat, was born in Monroe County, 
West Virginia, September 17, 1913. Son of Clyde Thompson and 
Glenna Robinson (Pharr) Patton. Graduated from Herndon, Vir- 
ginia, High School in 1932; Virginia Polytechnic Institute, B.S. 
in Biology in 1936 and M.S. in Wildlife Conservation in 1939. 
Member Wildlife Society; Outdoor Writers Association of Amer- 
ica; N. C. Outdoor Writers Association; N. C. Wildlife Federation; 
Atlantic Waterfowl Council, Chairman 1954, 1955, 1958 and 1959; 
International Association of Game, Fish and Conservation Com- 
missioners, President 1960; Southeastern Association of Game and 
Fish Commissioners, President 1952; Atlantic Fly way Representa- 
tive, National Waterfowl Council; Editor, Virginia Wildlife Maga- 
zine, 1946-1948; Co-author of "Wild Mammals of Virginia." 
Author of numerous articles in scientific and popular publications. 
:\leniber Raleigh Lions Club. Member Raleigh Lodge No. 500. 
Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons. Commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant, Infantry Reserve (ROTC), May 31, 1936; called to active 
duty with Air Force. June 1941; served in European Theatre of 
Operations from August 1942 to September 1945; released from 
active duty as Lieutenant Colonel, March 1946; Reserve Officer 
at ))resent. Executive Director North Carolina Wildlife Resources 
Commission since February 1, 1948. Presbyterian; Elder; form- 
er Clerk of Session; past President and Teacher of adult Sunday 
School Class. Married Lucile Nadine Jennings, December 7, 194 5. 
Address: 1101 Bancroft St., Raleigh, North Carolina. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS 

SAM J. ERVIX, JR. 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr., Democrat, was born at Morganton, N. C, 
September 27, 1896; graduated from University of North Caro- 
lina with A.B. degree, 1917; and Harvard Law School with LL.B. 
degree, 1922; granted these honorary degrees: LL.D., Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1951, LL.D., Western Carolina College, 

1955, and D.P.A., Suffolk University, 1957; served in France 
with First Division in First World War; twice wounded in battle, 
twice cited for gallantry in action, and awarded French Fourran- 
gere. Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, Silver Star, and Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross; subsequently served in National Guard; 
admitted to North Carolina Bar, 1919; practiced law at Morganton 
from 19 22 until present except during service on the bench; Rep- 
resentative from Burke County in the North Carolina Legislature, 
1923, 1925, 1931; Chairman, Burke County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, 19 24; member North Carolina State Democratic 
Executive Committee, 1930-37; Judge, Burke County Criminal 
Court, 1935-37; Judge, North Carolina Superior Court, 1937-43; 
member North Carolina State Board of Law Examiners, 1944-46; 
Representative from the Tenth North Carolina District in the 
79th Congress, 1946-4 7; Chairman, North Carolina Commission 
for the Improvement of the Administration of Justice, 1947-49; 
Associate Justice, North Carolina Supreme Court, February 3, 
1948, until June 11, 1954, when he qualified as a U. S. Senator 
from North Carolina under appointment of Governor William B. 
Umstead as a successor to the late Clyde R. Hoey; returned to 
the U. S. Senate by the people of North Carolina at the elections 
of 1954, 1956, 1962, and 1966 for additional terms ending on 
January 3, 1975; delegate to Democratic National Conventions, 

1956, 1960, 1964, 1968; Trustee, Morganton Graded Schools 
(1927-30), University of North Carolina (1932-35, 1945-46), 
and Davidson College (1948-58); chosen Morganton's Man of the 
Year, 1954; Grand Orator, the Grand Lodge of Masons of North 

547 



548 NdiMii Cauoi.ixa Ma.ntai. 

Carolina, 1963; nirector. First National Hank of Morganton; 
nieniher, American Bar Association, American .Judicature Society, 
North Carolina Bar Association, North Carolina State Bar, Farm 
Bureau, Grange, Morganton Chamber of Commerce, Newcomen 
Society, North Carolina Wildlife Association, American Legion, 
Disabled American Veterans, Legion of Valor, Society of the 
First Division, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Veterans of the P'irst 
World War, Royal Arch Masons, Royal and Select Masters, 
Knights Templar, Scottish Rite Masons ?,?,d Degree, Shriners, 
Ahepa, Dokies, Junior Order, Knights of Pythias, ]\Ioose, Ameri- 
can Historical Association, Burke County Historical Society, 
North Carolina Society for the Preservation of Antiquities, North 
Carolina Folklore Society, North Carolina Literary and Historical 
Association, Roanoke Island Historical Association, Society of 
the Cincinnati, Society of Mayflower Descendants (State fJov- 
ernor, 1950-52), Sons of the American Revolution, South Caro- 
lina Historical Society, Southern Historical Association, Southern 
Political Science Association, Western North Carolina Historical 
Association, Morganton Kiwanis Club, General Alumni Associa- 
tion of the University of North Carolina (President, 1947-48); 
cited by North Carolina Department of American Legion for "de- 
votion to the Constitution"; Patriotic Order of Sons of America 
for "'great and inspiring public services"; General Convention of 
the United Daughters of the Confederacy for "defense of consti- 
tutional rights"; The Council of the American Psychiatric Asso- 
ciation for "dynamic leadership" in modernizing the laws gov- 
erning the hospitalization of the mentally ill in the District of 
Columbia; the North Carolina State Council Junior Order United 
American Mechanics for working "for freedom for all Ameri- 
cans"; and the Morganton Kiwanis Club for "many years of de- 
voted services to the citizens of North Carolina." Awarded the 
Cross of Military Service by the United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy; the Good Citizenship Aledal by the Sons of the American 
Revolution; the Distinguished Citizenship Certificate by the North 
Carolina Citizens Association; the Patriotic Service Medal by 
the American Coalition of Patriotic Societies; The Religious Lib- 
erty Citation by Americans United for Separation of Church and 
State; The George Washington Award by The American Good 
Government Society; The George Washington Medal by Freedoms 
Foundation of Valley Forge; The North Carolina Battleship 



Biographical Sketches 549 

Award by The North Carolina Department of Amvets, and The 
Watchdog of The Treasury Award by The National Associated 
Businessmen. Member Morganton Presbyterian Church (Elder). 
Married Margaret Bruce Bell of Concord, N. C, June 18, 1924; 
three children, Sam J. Ervin, III, Mrs. Gerald M. Hansler, and 
Mrs. Hallett S. Ward, Jr. Address: Morganton, N. C. 



B. EVERETT JORDAN 



UNITED STATES SENATOR 



B. Everett Jordan, Democrat, was born at Ramseur, N. C, Sep- 
tember S, 1896. Son of Rev. Henry Harrison and Annie Elizabeth 
(Sellers) Jordan. Attended Rutherford College, N. C. Preparatory 
School, 1912-1913; Trinity College, 1914-1915. Organized Sellers 
^Manufacturing Co. in 1927 and has served as Secretary-Treasurer 
since; also an official in several other textile manufacturing 
companies. Chairman North Carolina Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, 1949-1954; Democratic National Committeeman from 
North Carolina, 1954-1958; member North Carolina Peace Offi- 
cers Benefit and Retirement Commission, 1943-1958; Chairman 
Board of Trustees, Alamance County General Hospital; Trustee 
American University, Duke University and Elon College; officer 
of Alamance County TB Association and Alamance County Red 
Cross. Rotarian, Shriner, and recipient of Silver Beaver Scout 
Award. Alamance County Man of the Year, 195 5. Served in 
Tank Corps, United States Army, 1918-1919, with occupation 
forces in Germany, 1919. Appointed by Governor Luther H. 
Hodges to the U. S. Senate, April 19, 1958, to succeed W. Kerr 
Scott, deceased. Elected Nov. 8, 1960 for full term ending 
January of 1967, re-elected Nov. 8, 1966 for full term ending 
January of 1973. Methodist; Lay Leader, 1935-1940; Chairman 
Board of Stewards, 1930-1950; Teacher Adult Bible Class, 1927- 
195S; Vice President Board of Methodist Colleges, 1952-1956. 
Married Katherine McLean of Gastonia, N. C, November 29, 1934. 
Children: Benjamin Everett, Rose Ann Gant and John McLean. 
Address: Saxapahaw, N. C. 



550 NoKTii Cakcii.ixa M ant \i. 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

AV AliTER liEAM.W JOM^S 

(First District — Counties: Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, 
Craven, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Jones, Lenoir, 
Martin, Pamlico, Pasquotanlv, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Wash- 
ington. Population, 412,765.) 

Walter Beaman Jones, Democrat, was born in Fayetteville, N. 
C, August 19, 1913. Son of Walter G. and Fannie M. (Anderson) 
Jones. Attended Elise Academy, 1926-1930; North Carolina State 
College, B.S. in Education, 1934. Office equipment dealer. Di- 
rector Farmville Savings & Loan Association; member Board of 
Commissioners, Town of Farmville, 1947-19 49; Mayor pro tem, 
1947-1949; Mayor Town of Farmville and Judge Farmville Re- 
corder's Court, 1949-1953. Member Masonic Lodge; Scottish 
Rite; Rotary Club, President, 1949; Loyal Order of Moose; Junior 
Order; Elks Lodge. Trustee Campbell College. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1955, 1957 and 1959; State Senator, 
19 65. Elected to Eighty-ninth Congress in Special Election of 
Feb. 5, 1966 to fill unexpired term of the late Herbert C. Bonner. 
Re-elected to Ninetieth Congress, Nov. S, 1966, and to Ninety-first 
Congress, Nov. 5, 1968. Baptist; Deacon since 1945. Married 
Doris Long, April 26, 1934. Children: Mrs. Robert Moye and 
W^alter B. Jones, IL Address, Farmville, N. C. 



LAWRENCE H. FOUNTAIN 

(Second District — Counties: Edgecombe, Franklin, Granville, 
Greene, Halifax, Nash, Northampton, Person. Vance, Warren and 
Wilson. Population, 415,365.) 

Lawrence H. Fountain, Democrat, was born in the village of 
Leggett, Edgecombe County, North Carolina, April 23, 1913. Son 
of Sallie (Barnes) and the late Lawrence H. Fountain. Educated 
in the public schools of Edgecombe County and at the University 
of North Carolina. A.B. and LL.B. degrees. Active attorney-at- 
law from 1936 until elected to Congress. Member, local, and state 
Bar Associations; Kiwanis and Elks Clubs; Executive Com- 



Senator B. Everett Jordan 



Jones — First District 



Fountain — Second District 



Henderson — Third District 



Galifianaltis — Fourth District 



Mizell — Fifth District 



Preyer — Sixth District 




,'i£i2 North Carolina Mant-al 

mittee East Carolina Council Boy Scouts of America; Board of 
Trustees, Saint Andrews Presbyterian College. Laurinburg, N. C; 
retired Jaycee; Reading Clerk North Carolina State Senate, 1936- 
1941; North Carolina State Senator, 1947-1952. World War II 
veteran of four years service. Elected to 8,3rd Congress; re- 
elected to S4th, 85th, 86th, 87th, 88th, 89th, 90th and 91st Con- 
gresses. Member House Committees on Government Operations 
and Foreign Affairs; Chairman Intergovernmental Relations Sub- 
committee of Committee on Government Operations, and Near 
East Subcommittee of Committee on Foreign Affairs, 84th-90th 
Congresses. Presbyterian. Elder. Married Christine Dail of 
Mount Olive, N. C. One daughter. Nancy Dail Fountain. Address: 
Tarboro. N. C. 



DAVID NEWTON HENDERSON 

(Third District — Counties: Carteret, Duplin. Harnett, John- 
ston, Onslow, Pender, Sampson and Wayne. Population, 413,- 
668.) 

David Newton Henderson, Democrat, was born in Hubert. On- 
slow County, N. C, April 16, 1921. Attended Wallace High 
School, graduating in 1938; Davidson College, B.S., 1942; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1949. Lawyer. 
Member Duplin County Bar Association. Assistant General Coun- 
sel for Committee on Education and Labor, U. S. House of Repre- 
sentatives, 1951-1952; Solicitor Duplin County General County 
Court. 1953-1956; Judge Duplin County General County Court, 
1956-1960. Elected to 87th Congress, November 8, 1960; re- 
elected November 6, 1962, November 3, 1964, November 8, 1966, 
and November 5, 19 68. Member, House Committee on Post Office 
and Civil Service; Committee on Public Works; Chairman, Sub- 
committee on Manpower and Civil Service. Member Lions Club, 
past President and Past Deputy District Governor; Wallace Vol- 
unteer Fire Department (active for 11 years); Wallace Squadron 
Civil Air Patrol, Legal Officer; Wallace American Legion Post 
No. 156; English-Brown Post 9161, V.F.W. Member and past 
Master, Wallace Masonic Lodge, 3 2nd degree Mason. Commis- 
sioned Second Lieutenant in U. S. Air F'orce and served overseas 
in India, China, and Okinawa; discharged with rank of Major in 



Biographical Sketches 553 

1946. Member Wallace Presbyterian Church. Married Mary 
Wellons Knowles of Wallace. N. C, December 11, 1942. Chil- 
dren: David Bruce, age 20; Wiley Bryant, age 19; Wimbric Boney, 
age 15. Address: Wallace. N. C. 



NICK GALIPIANAKIS 

(Fourth District — Counties: Chatham, Durham, Orange, Ran- 
dolph and Wake. Population. 412,329.) 

Nick Galifianakis, Democrat, was born in Durham, N. C, July 
22, 1928. Son of Mike and Sophia (Kastrinakis) Galifianakis. 
Durham High School, 1944-1947; Duke University, 1951, A.B. 
degree; Duke University Law School, 1953, LL.B. Lawyer. Delta 
Theta Phi Law Fraternity. Member of American Bar Associa- 
tion; member North Carolina State Bar; Durham County Bar; 
14th Judicial District Bar; American Association of University 
Professors; American Hellenic Educational Progressive Associa- 
tion; Young Democrat Club; Kiwanis Club. Recipient of 19 63 
Distinguished Service Award; recipient of 1963 North Carolina 
Outstanding Young Man of the Year Award. Active duty United 
States Marine Corps Reserve, October, 19 53 to April, 1956; at 
present Major USMCR. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1961, 1963, and 1965. Elected to 90th Congress, November 
8, 1966, and to 91st Congress, November 5, 1968. Congressional 
Steering Committee of the U. S. Conference of Mayors; Board of 
Trustees, Hellenic College, Brookline, Massachusetts. Member 
St. Barbara's Church (Greek Orthodox), Durham, N. C. Married 
Louise Cheatham Ruggles of Durham, N. C, April 5, 19 63. Ad- 
dress: 2648 University Drive, Durham, N. C; Mailing Address: 
N. C. National Bank Bldg., Durham, N. C. 



AVILMER DAVID IVUZELL 

(Fifth District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe, Davidson, Davie, 
Forsyth, Stokes, Surry and Yadkin. Population, 406,474.) 

Wilmer David Mizell, Republican, was born in Vinegar Bend, 
Alabama, August 13, 1930. Son of Walter David and Adie (Turn- 



554 NoKTU Cakoi.ina Mamal 

er) Mizell. Graduated Leakesville High School, Leakesville, 
Mississippi, 1949. Salutatorian. Attended Local Government 
Seminars in Chapel Hill, N. C. and Columbia, S. C. Chairman 
Davidson County Board of Commissioners, 1966 until elected to 
91st Congress, November 5, 1968. Entered Albany, Georgia 
Farm Club as baseball pitcher, 1949; Winston-Salem Cardinals. 
1950; voted most popular player. Joined Houston Club, 1951; 
special night held in his honor. Joined St. Louis Cardinals in 
1952, where he became a star hurler for eight years. Served in 
U. S. Army, October 6, 1953 to October 5, 1955. Upon discharge 
from service was honored on a special night as "Mr. Strike-Out 
King." Joined the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1960, where his effective 
pitching enabled the club to win the World Series that year. 
Retired from baseball. 19 63. Accepted position with Pepsi-Cola 
Company of Winston-Salem in the field of sales management and 
public relations. ^lember. Faith Missionary Alliance; Deacon; 
Assistant Sunday School Superintendent; member Church Board. 
Married Nancy Ruth McAlpine, November 16. 1952. Children: 
Wilmer David Mizell, Jr., age 12 and James Daniel Mizell, age 6. 
Address: Rt. 5, Shoaf Road. Winston-Salem, N. C. 27107 



LUNSFORD RICHARDSON PREYER 

(Sixth District — Counties: Alamance. Caswell, Guilford and 
Rockingham. Population. 421,735.) 

Lunsford Richardson Preyer. Democrat, was born in Greens- 
boro, N. C. January 11. 1919. Son of W. Y., Sr., and Mary Norris 
(Richardson) Preyer. Attended Greensboro Schools, Woodberry 
Forest School, 1934-1937; Princeton University. A.B.. 1941; 
Harvard Law School. LL.B.. 1949. Lawyer in Greensboro from 
1950 until July, 1956 when appointed to N. C. Superior Court. 
City Judge, 1953-54; appointed Federal Judge of the Middle Dis- 
trict Court in October, 1961; September, 1963, resigned Judge- 
ship to become candidate for Governor of N. C; November, 1964 
became Senior Vice President and Trust Officer of N. C. National 
Bank, Greensboro, N. C; May, 1966, became City Executive for 
Greensboro of N. C. National Bank. Member National, State, 
and Local Bar Associations; Chamber of Commerce of Greens- 



BiOGRzVPHiCAL Sketches 555 

boro. Member of Board of Directors of Re-Insurance Corpora- 
tion of N. Y.; member Board of Directors, Piedmont Southern 
Life Insurance Company. Atlanta, Georgia; Director of Richard- 
son Corporation, Greensboro; member of Newcomen Society. 
Chairman. N. C. Citizens Committee for Better Schools, 1963-64; 
Chairman, Board of Visitors, Davidson College; member Board 
of Trustees, St. Andrews College, member Board of Visitors, Wake 
Forest Law School; Trustee, Glade Valley School, 1967-68; Trus- 
tee, N. C. Foundation for Mental Health Research, Inc.; Chair- 
man, N. C. Trade Fair Mission to Europe, 1962; member N. C. 
Probation Commission, 19 60-62; Chairman of Board, N. C. Out- 
ward Bound School. United States Jr. Chamber of Commerce 
award as "Greensboro's Young Man of the Year", 1954; Com- 
missioner of Greensboro Little League and Pony League Baseball 
programs; honorary Chairman 1965 Greater Greensboro Open; 
Co-Chairman with Mrs. Preyer of Library Bonds Committee, for 
November, 19 60 election; Vice-Chairman Board of Trustees, L. 
Richardson Memorial Hospital; Chairman of successful drive to 
raise funds to build Cerebral Palsy School Building in Greens- 
boro, 1953; Chairman Special Gifts Division United Fund, 1965; 
member Board of Directors, Greensboro Nursing Council; member 
Board of Directors YMCA; general Chairman YM-YW Capital 
Fund Drive. 1967; former Chairman Operation DARE (Downtown 
Area Renewal); President, Greensboro Community Arts Council, 
1965-67; Greensboro Kiwanis Club. Vice President, 1967; Chair- 
man, Committee on the Study of Health Services in Guilford 
County, 1965; Greensboro College Development Council, 1966; 
Board of Directors, Greensboro Community Council; Boy Scouts, 
Honorary Member of National Council, Vice President General 
Greene Council; Inter-Club Council's Outstanding Civic Leader 
of the Year Award, 1968. Elected to 91st Congress, November 
5, 1968. Served in U. S. Navy (Lt. USNR). Four years on de- 
.stroyer duty in Atlantic and South Pacific as Gunnery Officer and 
E.xecutive Officer. World War II; awarded Bronze Star for action 
in Okinawa. Member First Presbyterian Church of Greensboro, 
Elder and former Clerk of Session for the Church and a teacher 
of the Men's Bible Class. Married Emily Irving Harris of 
Greensboro. P^'ive children: L. Richardson Preyer, Jr., Mary 
Norris Preyer, Britt Armfield Preyer, Jane Bethel Preyer, Emily 
Harris Preyer. Address: 605 Sunset Drive, Greensboro, N. C. 



556 N'ouiii Cauoiina MANtf.\i, 

ALTON ASA LENNON 

(Sevoiitli I>is<rict — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, 
Cumberland, Hoke. New Hanover, and Robeson. Population, 

42:^750.) 

Alton Asa Lennon, Democrat, was born in Wilmington, N. C, 
August 17, 1906. Son of Rosser Y. and Minnie (High) Lennon. 
Attended New Hanover County Public Schools, 1913-1925; Wake 
Forest College, LL.B.. 19 29. Lawyer. Former member New Han- 
over Bar Association; former member North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation; former member State Bar, Inc. President, New Hanover 
County Bar Association. 1953-1954; Judge, New Hanover County 
Recorder's Court, 1934-1942. State Senator in the General As- 
sembly of 19 47 and 1951. Served in the United States Senate 
from July 15, 1953 to November 29, 1954, by appointment of 
former Governor William B. Umstead. Elected to the 8 5th Con- 
gress in the General Election of November 6, 1956; re-elected to 
S6th Congress, November 4, 1958, to the 87th Congress, Novem- 
ber 8. 1960, to 88th Congress, November 6, 1962, to 89th Con- 
gress, November 3, 1964, to 90th Congress, November 8, 1966, 
and to 91st Congress, November 5, 19 68. Member of Armed 
Services Committee (Chairman. Special Subcommittee on Enlisted 
Promotion Policy Review ) and member of ^lerchant Marine & 
Fisheries Committee (Chairman. Subcommittee on Oceanogra- 
pliy). Member International Order of Odd Fellows; Loyal Order 
of Moose. Member of First Baptist Church of Wilmington, N. C. 
Married Karine Welch, October 12, 1933. Children: Mrs. Edna 
Lee Lennon Frost and Alton Yates Lennon. Address: Wilmington, 
N. C. 



EAHL liAKER RUTH 

(Eiylith District — Counties: Anson, Cabarrus, Lee. Montgom- 
ery. Moore. Richmond. Rowan. Scotland, Stanly and Union. Popu- 
lation. 407.546.) 

F^arl Tkiker Ruth. Republican, was born in Spencer, N. C, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1916. Son of Earl Monroe and Marian Beatrice (Baker) 



Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 



Lennon — Seventh Dirtrict 



Ruth — Eighth District 



Jonas — Ninth District 



Broyhill — Tenth District 



Taylor -Eleventh District 




55 8 North Carolina Manual 

Ruth. Attended Central High School in Charlotte, 1934; Uni- 
versity of N. C, A.B. 1938; M.A., 1942, and Ph.D., 1955. Entered 
U. S. Navy as Ensign, 1942; separated as Lieutenant, 1945; sea 
duty, 1943, U.S.S. St. George. Mayor Pro Tern, Salisbury City 
Council, June, 1967 to November, 1968. Chairman, Dept. of Phys- 
ical Education and Dean of Students, Catawba College. Member 
American Legion, Civitan and Elks. Presbyterian; Elder, First 
Presbyterian Church, Salisbury. Married Jane Wiley of Char- 
lotte, December 27, 1938. Children: Billie Jane, Earl Wiley, 
Marian Ann and Jacqueline Dell Ruth. Address: P. O. Box 1390, 
Salisbury, N. C. 



CHARLES RAPER JONAS 

(Ninth District — Counties: Iredell, Lincoln, Mecklenburg and 
Wilkes. Population, 408,720.) 

Charles Raper Jonas. Republican, was born in Lincoln County, 
N. C, December 9, 1904. Son of Charles Andrew and Rosa (Petrie) 
Jonas. Attended Lincolnton High School, 1918-1921; University 
of North Carolina, A.B., 1925; University of North Carolina Law 
School, J.D., 1928. Attorney at law. Member Lincoln County, 
North Carolina and American Bar Associations. President North 
Carolina Bar Association, 1946-1947. Member North Carolina 
National Guard since December 29, 1928; active duty in United 
States Army, 1941-1946. Elected to Congress from the Tenth 
North Carolina Congressional District, 1952, re-elected 1954, 
1956, 1958 and 1960; and from Eighth Congressional District 
1962, 1964 and 1966, and from the Ninth Congressional District, 
1968. Methodist. Married Annie Elliott Lee, August 14, 1929. 
Children: Charles Jonas, Jr., and Richard Elliott Jonas. Address: 
Lincolnton. N. C. 



JAMES THOMAS RROYHILL 

(Tentli District — Counties: Alexander, Avery, Burke, Caldwell, 
Catawba, Cleveland, Gaston and Watauga. Population, 413,729.) 

James Thomas Broyhill, Republican, was born in Lenoir. N. C, 



Biographical Sketches 559 

August 19, 1927. Son of James Edgar and Satie Leona (Hunt) 
Broyhill. Attended Lenoir Public Schools 1933-1946; graduated 
Lenoir High School. 1946; University of North Carolina, 1950, 
B.S. degree in Commerce. Before election to Congress was a fur- 
niture manufacturer; member Southern Furniture Manufacturers 
Association; North Carolina Forestry Association; Industrial 
Planning Committee of the North West North Carolina Develop- 
ment Association; past President and member of the Board of 
the Lenoir Chamber of Commerce; member of City of Lenoir 
Recreation Commission; City of Lenoir Planning and Zoning 
Commission; Treasurer Caldwell County Republican Executive 
Committee. Young Man of the Year Award, Lenoir and Caldwell 
County, 1957. Member Hibriten Lodge No. 262, A.F. & A.M.; 
Oasis Temple of the Shrine; Loyal Order of the Moose, Lodge No. 
385. Elected to 88th Congress, Nov. 6, 1962; re-elected to 89th 
Congress, Nov. 3, 1964, to 90th Congress, Nov. 8, 1966, and to 
91st Congress, Nov. 5, 19 68. Member of Interstate and Foreign 
Commerce Committee of the House of Representatives, the Post 
Office and Civil Service Committee, and the Select Committee on 
Small Business. Member First Baptist Church of Lenoir, N. C; 
Sunday School Teacher since 1952. Married Louise Horton Rob- 
bins, Durham, N. C, June 2, 1951. Children: Marilyn Louise, 
born Oct. 15, 1952; James Edgar, II, born July 23, 1954; Philip 
Robbins, born May 16, 1956. Address: New Hickory Road, 
Lenoir, N. C. 



ROY A. TAYLOR 

( Filevonth District — Counties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Gra- 
ham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, McDowell, Macon, Madison, 
Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania and Yancey. 
Population, 420,074.) 

Roy A. Taylor, Democrat, was born in Vader, Washington, Jan- 
uary 31, 1910. Attended the public schools of Buncombe County; 
Asheville-Biltmore College; Maryville College; Asheville Univer- 



560 NoKTii C.Mioi.iXA Manu.vi. 

sity Law School. Admitted to the Bar in January of 19:^.6. Bun- 
combe County Attorney, 1949-1960. Member Board of Trustees of 
Asheville-Biltmore College. 1949-1960; Lions Club, District Gov- 
ernor, 1952. Navy Combat Veteran World War II; served as Com- 
manding Officer of L. S. T. and discharged with rank of Lieuten- 
ant. Representative in the North Carolina General Assembly, 
1947, 1949. 1951 and 1953. Elected to Eighty-sixth Congress, 
June 25, 1960; re-elected to Eighty-seventh Congress, November 
8, 1960, to Eighty-eighth Congress, November 6, 1962, to Eighty- 
ninth Congress. November 3, 1964, to 90th Congress, November 
8, 1966, and to 91st Congress, November 5, 1968. Baptist; Dea- 
con. Married Evelyn Reeves. Two children: Alan F. Taylor and 
Mrs. Toni Taylor Robinson. Address: Black Mountain, N. C. 



JUSTICES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA 
SUPREME COURT 



, ROBERT HUNT PARKER 

CHIEF JUSTICE 

Robert Hunt Parker, Democrat, was born in Enfield, N. C, 
February 15, 1892. Son of R. B. and Victoria C. (Hunt) Parker. 
Attended Enfield Graded School, graduating in 1908; University 
of North Carolina, 1908-1911; University of Virginia, 1911-1912, 
B.A.; University of Virginia Law School, 1912-1915, LL.B.; Wake 
Forest Law School, summer of 1914; honorary LL.D., University 
of North Carolina, 1958. Field artillery officer in World War I 
with nearly seventeen months of service in France. Representative 
from Halifax County in the General Assembly of 1923. Solicitor 
for the State Third Judicial District, February 23, 1924-September 

24, 1932; Judge Superior Court, September 24, 1932-November 

25, 1952, having been nominated and elected without opposition 
in 1934, 1942 and 1950. Nominated in Democratic Primary of 
1952 for Associate Justice of the N. C. Supreme Court and elected 
November 4, 1952, assuming office November 25, 1952; re-elected 
for a term of eight years, November 8, 1960. Chairman of the 
Judicial Council, March, 1962 to February 7, 1966. On February 
5, 1966, appointed by Governor Dan K. Moore to be Chief Justice 
of the North Carolina Supreme Court to serve until January 1, 
19 67 (Constitution of North Carolina, Article IV, Section 17) 
upon the retirement of Chief Justice Emery B. Denny. Took the 
oath of office on February 7, 1966. Nominated without opposition 
for a full term of eight years as Chief Justice and elected without 
opposition to that office in the General Election on November 8, 
1966. Member Confederate Centennial Commission; Governor 
Richard Caswell Memorial Commission; American Legion; 40 
& 8 ; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Received honorary membership 
in the Society of the Cincinnati in April, 1967. Episcopalian. 
Married Mrs. Rie Williams Rand of Greensboro, N. C, November 
28, 1925. Home address: Roanoke Rapids, N. C. Official ad- 
dress: Raleigh, N. C. 

561 



562 North Carolina Manual 

WILLIAM HAYWOOD BOBBITT 

associate justice 

William Haywood Bobbit, Democrat, was born in Raleigh, N. 
C, October 18, 1900. Son of James Henry and Eliza May (Burk- 
head) Bobbitt. Attended graded schools of Baltimore, Md.; Char- 
lotte High School of Charlotte, N. C, 1913-1917; University of 
North Carolina, A.B., 1921; University of North Carolina School 
of Law, 1920-1921. Licensed to practice law January 30, 1922; 
associated with firm of Stewart & McRae until September 1, 1922; 
member of firm of Parker, Stewart, McRae & Bobbitt from Sep- 
tember 1, 19 22 to October 1, 19 25; member of firm of Stewart, 
McRae & Bobbitt from October 1, 1925 to October 1, 1930; mem- 
ber of firm of Stewart & Bobbitt from October 1, 1930 through 
December 31, 1938; admitted to practice in State Courts of North 
Carolina, United States District Court, United States Circuit Court 
of Appeals, Fourth Circuit, and the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Member Mecklenburg County Bar Association; North 
Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association; American 
Judicature Society. Received honorary LL.D. degrees: Davidson 
College, 1953, and University of North Carolina, 1957. Member 
N. C. Commission to study Improvement of Administration of 
Justice in N. C, 1947-1949; N. C. Judicial Council, 1949-1954; 
Past President and life member of Charlotte Civitan Club; Trustee 
of Brevard College, 1933-1952; President, General Alumni Asso- 
ciation, University of North Carolina, 1954-1955. Elected resi- 
dent Superior Court Judge of the 14th Judicial District in 1938 
and again in 1946; served as Superior Court Judge continuously 
from January 1, 1939 through January, 1954; appointed by Gov- 
ernor William B. Umstead as Associate Justice, North Carolina 
Supreme Court, February 1, 1954, and served under such ap- 
pointment until 1954 General Election; elected without opposi- 
tion in 1954 General Election to unexpired portion of term of 
former Associate Justice Barnhill and for full eight-year term 
beginning January 1, 1955; elected without opposition, 1962 
General Election for eight-year term beginning January 1, 1963. 
Member Dilworth Methodist Church, Charlotte, N. C. Married 
Sarah Buford Dunlap (now deceased), February 28, 1924. Chil- 
dren: Mrs. John W. Carter, Morganton, N. C; Wm. H. Bobbitt, 
Jr., (now deceased) ; Mrs. Ekkehart Sachtler, Midland Park, N. J.; 



Chief Justice Parker 



Justice Bobbitt 



Justice Higgins 



Justice Sharp 



Justice Lake 



Justice Branch 



Justice Huskins 




5 64 North Carolina Manual 

I\Irs. D. S. Moss, Enfield, N. C. Home address: Charlotte, N. C. 
Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



CARLISLE WALLACE HIGGINS 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Carlisle Wallace Higgins, Democrat, was born at Ennice, N. C, 
October 17, 1889. Son of Martin A. and Jennie C. (Bledsoe) Hig- 
gins. Graduated Bridle Creek Academy, Independence, Va., 1908; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 1912; University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1913-1914. Member North Carolina Bar 
Association; North Carolina State Bar. Solicitor Eleventh Judi- 
cial District, 1930-1934; United States Attorney, Middle District 
of North Carolina, 1934-1945. Assistant Chief and Acting Chief 
International Prosecution Section, International Military Trib- 
unal, Tokyo, 1945-1947. Representative from Alleghany County 
in the General Assembly of 19 25 and State Senator from the 
Twenty-ninth Senatorial District in the General Assembly of 1929. 
Appointed Associate Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina by 
Governor Umstead, June 8, 1954 to succeed Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
Re-elected to full eight-year term ending Dec. 31, 1966; re-elected 
for full eight-year term beginning January 1, 1967 and ending 
December 31, 1974. Member Masonic Lodge; American Legion; 
Forty and Eight. Methodist. Married Myrtle Bryant. Children: 
C. W. Higgins, Jr., Galax, Virginia; Mrs. Mary Cecile Bridges, 
Greensboro, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



SUSIE MARSHALL SHARP 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Susie Marshall Sharp, Democrat, was born in Rocky Mount, 
N. C, July 7, 1907. Daughter of James M. and Annie Britt (Black- 
well) Sharp. Attended Reidsville Public Schools, 1913-1924; 
North Carolina College for Women, 1924-1926; University of 
North Carolina Law School, 1926-1929, LL.B. Licensed to prac- 
tice law in 1928. Member of the firm of Sharp and Sharp, Reids- 



Biographical Sketches 565 

ville, N. C, 1929-1949; City Attorney, Reidsville, N. C, 1939- 
1949. Member North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar 
Association; American Law Institute; N. C. Constitutional Com- 
mission of 1959; N. C. Awards Commission, 1968-; Order of the 
Coif; Order of Valkyries. Honorary member of Phi Beta Kappa; 
Altrusa Club; Soroptimist Club; Delta Kappa Gamma; American 
Business Women's Association, and Raleigh Woman's Club. Re- 
ceived honorary degrees: Women's College, U. N. C, LL.D., 1950; 
Pfeiffer College, L.H.D., 1960; Queens College, LL.D., 1962; Elon 
College, LL.D., 1963; Wake Forest College, LL.D., 1965. Received 
Achievement Citation, N. C. Federation of Business & Professional 
Women's Clubs, 1959; Distinguished Service Award for Women, 
Chi Omega, 1959. Special Judge Superior Court of North Caro- 
lina, 1949-1962. Appointed Associate Justice North Carolina 
Supreme Court by Governor Terry Sanford, March 14, 19 62, and 
served under such appointment until 1962 General Election; 
elected 19 62 General Election to unexpired portion of term of 
former Associate Justice Emery B. Denny (to November 1966); 
re-elected 1966 General Election for a term of 8 years. Methodist. 
Home address: 629 Lindsey Street, Reidsville, N. C. Official ad- 
dress: Justice Building, Raleigh, N. C. 



ISAAC BEVERLY LAKE 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Isaac Beverly Lake, Democrat, was born in Wake Forest, N. C, 
August 29, 1906. Son of James Ludwell and Lula Austin (Cald- 
well) Lake. Attended Wake Forest Public School, 1915-1921; 
Wake Forest College, B.S. degree, 1925; Harvard University, 
School of Law, LL.B., 1929; Columbia University, School of Law, 
LL.M., 1940, J.S.D., 1947. Member American Bar Association; 
N. C. Bar Association; Wake County Bar Association. Author of 
"Discrimination by Railroads and other Public Utilities"; "North 
Carolina Practice Methods"; numerous articles in Law Reviews. 
Appointed Associate Justice North Carolina Supreme Court, Au- 
gust of 1965 to succeed Associate Justice William B. Rodman, Jr.; 
elected for full eight-year term, November 8, 1966. Baptist. 
Married Gertrude M. Bell, September 3, 1932. One son, I. Bev- 
erly Lake, Jr. Address: 403 N. Main Street, Wake Forest, N. C. 



566 North Carolina Manual 

JOSEPH BRANCH 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Joseph Branch, Democrat, was born in Enfield, N. C, July 5, 
1915. Son of James C. and Laura (Applewhite) Branch. Attend- 
ed Enfield High School, 1932; Wake Forest College, LL.B. degree, 
1938. Lawyer. Member Halifax County Bar Association; N. C. 
Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; Masonic Order; Enfield Lions 
Club, President, 1941; Board of Trustees of Wake Forest College 
for many years; Board of Wesleyan College, Rocky Mount, for 
one year. Representative in N. C. General Assembly, 1947, 1949, 
1951 and 19 53. Served as Legislative Counsel for Gov. Luther 
Hodges, 19 57; Campaign Manager, Gov. Dan Moore, 1964; Legis- 
lative Counsel for Gov. Moore, 19 65 Session of General Assembly. 
Chairman, Democratic Party, Halifax County, 1957-1963; Dele- 
gate to National Convention, 1956. Appointed by Gov. Dan K. 
Moore as Associate Justice, N. C. Supreme Court, July 21, 1966, 
and served under such appointment until 1966 General Election; 
elected in 1966 to unexpired portion of term of former Associate 
Justice Clifton L. Moore. Re-elected to a full eight-year term, 
November 5, 19 68. Served in Armed Forces of the United States 
from 1943 to 1945. Member Hayes Barton Baptist Church, Ral- 
eigh, N. C; served as Deacon, Enfield Baptist Church, and as 
Sunday School Teacher for 25 years. Married Frances Jane Kit- 
chen, December 7, 1946. One daughter, Frances Jane, and one 
son, James C. Home Address: Raleigh, N. C; Official address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 



J. FRANK HUSKINS 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

J. Frank Huskins, Democrat, was born in Burnsville, N. C, 
February 10, 1911. Son of Joseph Erwin and Mary Etta (Peter- 
son) Huskins. Attended Yancey Collegiate Institute, 1924-1926; 
Burnsville High School, graduated, 1927; Mars Hill Junior Col- 
lege, 1927-1929; University of North Carolina, 1929-1930, A.B. 
degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1930-1932. 



Biographical Sketches - 567 

Member N. C. Bar, Inc.; N. C. Bar Assn.; Wake County Bar; 
American Judicature Society; National Conference of Court Ad- 
ministrative Officers; American Legion; Raleigh Executives' Club. 
Mayor, Town of Burnsville, 1939-1942; Chairman, North Carolina 
Industrial Commission from May, 1949 to January, 1955. Repre- 
sentative from Yancey County in General Assembly, 1947 and 
1949 Sessions. Judge, Superior Court, 1955-1965; appointed 
Director Administrative Office of the Courts of North Carolina, 
July 1, 1965. Appointed Associate Justice, North Carolina Su- 
preme Court, February 5, 19 68; elected to a full eight-year term, 
November 5, 1968. Served in U. S. Navy, 1942-1946; Lieutenant 
Commander U. S. Naval Reserve, Retired. Baptist. Married 
Mary Bailey (now deceased) of Burnsville, N. C, January 22, 
1938, no children; married Mrs. Ruth H. McNeill of Spruce Pine, 
N. C, October 20, 1963. Children: Robert Glenn McNeil, U. S. 
Air Force, and Ruth Elizabeth McNeill, student at Meredith Col- 
lege. Address: Burnsville, N. C; Official address: Justice Build- 
ing, Raleigh, N. C. 



*JUDGES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA 
COURT OF APPEALS 

RAYMOND BOWDEN MALLARD 

CHIEF JUDGE 

Raymond Bowden Mallard, Democrat, was born in Faison, N. C. 
February 20, 1908. Son of Judson R. and Eva (Bowden) Mallard. 
Attended Calypso High School; Wake Forest College and Wake 
Forest College Law School. Thirty-second Degree Mason. Rep- 
resentative from Columbus County in the General Assembly of 
1939; former Resident Judge of Thirteenth Judicial District. 
Served in World War II, Corporal. Member Tabor City Baptist 
Church. Married Lula McGougan, June 8, 1935. One daughter, 
Anne Elizabeth Sanders. Home address: Tabor City, N. C. Official 
address: Raleigh, N. C. 



HUGH BROWN CAMPBELL 

JUDGE 

Hugh Brown Campbell, Democrat, was born in Waynesville, N. 
C, March 14, 1907. Son of W^ilburn Camrock and Stella (Brown) 
Campbell. Attended St. Paul's School, Garden City, Long Island, 
New York, 1922-1923; University School, Cleveland, Ohio, 1923- 
1925; Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts, 1929, A.B.; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C, 1932, J.D. Member 
Mecklenburg County Bar Association, North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation, North Carolina State Bar Association, American Bar As- 
sociation and American Judicature Society. Member Delta Upsilon 
Social Fraternity, Phi Alpha Delta Legal Fraternity, Phi Beta 
Kappa and Order of Coif. Student Editor, The North Carolina 
Law Review, 1930-31-32. City Attorney, Charlotte, N. C, 1941- 
1944; Judge, North Carolina Superior Court, 1955-1967; Judge 

*Three additional judges to be appointed in 1969. 
568 



Chief Judge Mallard 



Judge Campbell 



Judge Brock 



Judge Britt 



Judge Morris 



Judge Parker 




5 70 NoKTH Cakolina Manxtal 

North Carolina Court of Appeals since 1967. Member St. Martin's 
Episcopal Church, Charlotte, N. C; former Vestryman, former 
Senior Warden, and at present a Layreader. Married Thelma 
Welles, December 2, 1933. Children: Hugh Brown Campbell, Jr., 
Elizabeth Campbell Cantey and Wilburn Welles Campbell. Ad- 
dress: 1626 Queens Road, Charlotte, N. C. 28207. Official ad- 
dress, Raleigh, N. C. 



WALTER EDGAR BROCK 

JUDGE 

Walter Edgar Brock, Democrat, was born in Wadesboro, N. C, 
March 21, 1916. Son of Walter E. and Elizabeth (Ashcraft) 
Brock. Attended N. C. Public Schools. 1921-1933; University of 
North Carolina, 1937-1941, B.S.; University of North Carolina Law 
School, 1947, LL.B. Member North Carolina Bar Association; 
American Bar Association; American Judicature Society; Presi- 
dent, 20th Judicial District Bar; Councillor, North Carolina State 
Bar; Phi Delta Phi, honorary legal fraternity. Associate Editor, 
North Carolina Law Review. Chairman, Anson County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1959-1963; member. State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1959-1963. Private, 2nd Lt., 1st Lt., 
Captain, Major, 1941-1945. Episcopalian; member of Vestry; 
Junior Warden; Senior Warden; Lay Reader; Sunday School 
Teacher, 1947-1967. Married Sarah Frances Gaboon, December 
24, 1939. Children: Sarah Frances Brock Moore, Elaine Alison 
Brock Rogers, Walter E. Brock, Jr., Elizabeth Harrison Brock. 
Address: 204 Walden Place, Raleigh, N. C. 27609 



DAVID MAXWELL BRITT 

JUDGE 

David Maxwell Britt, Democrat, was born in McDonald, N. C, 
January 3, 1917. Son of Dudley H. and Martha Mae (Hall) Britt. 
Attended McDonald Elementary School, 1922-1929; Lumberton 
High School, 1929-1933; Wake Forest College, 1933-1935; Wake 



Biographical Sketches 571 

Forest College Law School, 1935-1937. Lawyer. Member Ameri- 
can and North Carolina Bar Associations. Solicitor, Fairmont 
Recorder's Court, 1940-1944. Served on State Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee for two terms. Member Board of Trustees South- 
eastern General Hospital, President, 1958; President Wake Forest 
College Alumni Association, 195 2-1953; member Phi Kappa Alpha 
National Society Fraternity; member Rotary Club, Governor of 
Rotary District 279, 1951-1952; Chairman Robeson County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 195 6-1958; Chairman, Fairmont 
Board of Education, 1954-1958. Selected "Man of the Year" for 
Robeson County, 1957. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1959, 1961, 1963, 1965 and 1967; Speaker in 1967. Member 
Advisory Budget Commission, 1963-1965. Member N. C. Courts 
Commission. Appointed Judge of Court of Appeals by Gov- 
ernor Dan K. Moore, July 1, 1967; elected 1968. Private, U. S. 
Army, 1943. Baptist; Deacon; Teacher, Men's Bible Class since 
1939; 1st Vice President Baptist State Conven