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Full text of "North Carolina manual [serial]"

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PUBLICATIONS OF THE 

LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE LIBRARY 



« 



NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1935 



¥ 



COMPILED AND EDITED 
BY 

H. M. LONDON 

LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE LIBRARIAN 



"03 



RALEIGH 
1935 



Presses of 

Mitchell Printing Company 

State Printers 

Raleigh. N. C. 



PREFACE 



bo 
> 



Tlis volume is issued by the North Carolina Legislative Reference 

Library in order to furnish in succinct form information about the 
State, its government and institutions, which otherwise would re- 
quire much investigation in many different sources. Unless other- 
wise stated, the data in each case is the latest available. 

Similar manuals were issued by the Secretary of State in 1903, 
1005, and 1007. and by the North Carolina Historical Commission in 
1009. 1011. 1013, lOir,. 1017. 101b. L921, 1923, 1925, 1927, 1929 and 
1931 and 1033. The demand for these -volumes has been so great that 
all editions except those of 1925 and 1927 have been exhausted. 

The cut in the 1030-10:;i and 1931-1933 and 1933-1935 appropria- 
tions for printing, as a result of the general condition of Slate 
finances, has compelled a sharp reduction in the size and scope of 
the 193i and 1033 and 1935 editions of the Manual. The sections, 
"Executive Departments." "Judicial Department," "State Depart- 
ments, Hoards and Commissions." "Slate Charitable and Correctional 
Institutions." "Miscellaneous." and "Constitutions," which are found 
in previous editions, have been omitted. 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Official Register for 1933-1034 7 

The Legislative Department : 

Officers and Members of the Senate 13 

Senators (Arranged Alphabetically) 13 

Senators (Arranged by Districts) 14 

Senatorial Districts 15 

Rules of the Senate, 1935 IT 

Standing Committees of the Senate 28 

Officers and Members of the House of Representatives 32 

Representatives (Arranged Alphabetically) 32 

Representatives (Arranged by Counties) 34 

Rules of the House of Representatives 38 

Standing Committees of the House of Representatives 52 

New State Boards and Commissions: 

Building Code Council 59 

State Board of Cosmetic Art Examiners 59 

State Board of Housing GO 

North Carolina State Thrift Society 60 

Board of Law Examiners 61 

State School Commission 62 

State Highway and Public Works Commission 63 

Utilities Commission 64 

•Platforms and Political Parties, 1934: 

Republican State Platform ,; '' 

Democratic State Platform ~1 

Election Returns : 

Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States, 1932 7'.' 

Popular Vote for President by States, 1020-102S v " 

Vote for President by Counties. 1920-1932 s - 

Vote by Comities for Governor in Democratic Primaries, 1924 

and 1932 s: ' 

Vote for State Utilities Commissioner in Democratic Primary 

June 2. 1934 v; 



6 Contents 

PAGE 

Vote for State Officers in Democratic Primaries 1928, L980, 

1932, L934 SS 

Democratic Primary Voir. .lunr 7, 19. -, >0, for United States 

Senator 89 

Democratic Primary Vote, June 4. and July 2, 1932, for United 

Slate Senator, short term 90 

Vote for Chief Justice — General Election, November, 1934 92 

Vote for Governor by Counties, 1920-1932 93 

Vote for United States Senator. 1924-1932 95 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primary. June 2. 1934, 

by I >istricts 97 

Vote for Member of Congress, Special Election. July 7. 1934, 

Fourth District, short term 100 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1924-1934 101 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1922-1930 105 

Vote for Memhers of Congress, 1!>::2-1934 106 

Vote on Calling Convention to Consider the Proposed Amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States. Repealing 

the Eighteenth Amendment and Election of Delegates 112 

Biographical Sketchks : 

Executive Officials 117 

Justices of the Supreme Court 123 

United States Senators 127 

Representatives in Congress 128 

Memhers of the General Assembly 134 



OFFICIAL REGISTER FOR 1935-1936 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

A. H. GRAH4M President of Senate Hill 1 

Robert Grady Johnson Speaker of House of Representati -aw 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus Governor Pasquotank 

A. H. Graham Lieutenant Governor Oral 

Stacey W. Wade Secretary of State I 

Baxter Durham Auditor Wake 

C. M. Johnson Treasurer Pern 

Clyde A. Erwin Superintendent 1'uhlic- Instruction Rutherford 

A. A. F. Seawell Attorney-General ..Lee 

John W. Aiken Assistant Attorney-General Catawba 

T. Wade Bruton Assistant Attorney-General ...Montgomery 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 

SUPREME COURT JUSTICES 

W. P. Stacy Chief Justice New Hanover 

Heriot Clark son Associate Justice Mecklenburg 

Geo. W. Connor Associate Justice Wilson 

W. J. Brogden Associate Justice Durham 

Michael Schenck Associate Justice Henderson 

SUPERIOR COURT JUDGES 

Walter L. Small First District Pasquotank-Eli/.abeth City 

M. V. Barnhill Second District Nash-Rocky Mount 

R. Hunt Parker Third District Halifax-Roanoke Rapids 

C. L. Williams Fourth District Lee-Sanfonl 

J. Paul Frizzelle Fifth District ^Greene-Snow Hill 

H. A. Grady Sixth District Sampson-Clinton 

W. C. Harris Seventh District Wake-Raleigh 

E. H. Cranmer ....Eighth District ..Brunswick -South port 

N. A. Sinclair Ninth District Cumberland- Fayetteville 

W. A. Devin Tenth District Granville-Oxfi 

J. H. Clement Eleventh District Forsyth-Winston-Salem 

H. Hoyle Sink Twelfth District... Davidson-Lexington 

F. D. PHILLIPS Thirteenth District Richmond-Rockingham 

W. F. Harding Fourteenth District Mecklenburg-Charlotte 

J. M. OGLESBY Fifteenth District Cabarrus-Concord 

Wilson Warlick Sixteenth District Catawba-Newton 

J. A. RosSEAU Seventeenth District Wilkes-Wilkesboro 

J. W. PLESS, Jr Eighteenth District McDowell-Marion 

P. A. MCELROY Nineteenth District Madison-Marshall 

Felix E. Alley Twentieth District Haywood-Waj i 

special judges 

G. V. Cowper Lenoir-Kii 

Clayton Moore Mart in- William 

Frank S. Hill Cherokee-Murphy 

emergency judges 

Thos. J. Shaw Guil ensboro 

F. A. Daniels Wayne-Goldsbi 

T. B. Finley Wilkes-Wilkesl 



8 Official Register 

SOLICITORS 

HERBERT R. Leahy First District Chowan-Edenton 

Donnell Gilliam Second District Edgecombe-Tarboro 

W. H. S. Burgwyn Third District Northampton-Woodland 

C. C. Canaday Fourth District Johnston-Benson 

D. M. CLARK Fifth District Pitt-Greenville 

J. A. Powers Sixth District Lenoir-Kinston 

Wm. Y. Bickett Seventh District Wake-Raleigh 

J. J. Biirney Eighth District New Hanover-Wilmington 

T. A. McNeill Ninth District Robeson-Lumberton 

Leo CaRR Tenth District Alamance-Burlington 

Allen H. GWYN Eleventh District Reidsville-Rochingham 

H. L. Koontz Twelfth District Guilford-Greensboro 

R. S. Pruette Thirteenth District Anson-Wadesboro 

J. G. Carpenter Fourteenth District Gaston-Gastonia 

Chas. L. Coggin Fifteenth District Rowan-Salisbury 

L. S. Spurling Sixteenth District Caldwell-Lenoir 

John R. Jones Seventeenth District Wilkes-North Wilkesboro 

C. O. Ridings Eighteenth District Rutherford-Forest City 

Zebulon V. NETTLES Nineteenth District Buncombe- Asheville 

John M. Queen Twentieth District Hay wood- Waynesville 

UTILITIES COMMISSION 

Stanley Winborne Utilities Commissioner Raleigh 

F. W. Hanft Associate Commissioner Chapel Hill 

Fred L. Seely' Associate Commissioner Asheville 

ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

adjutant general's department 
J. Van B. Metts The Adjutant General New Hanover 

department of agriculture 
W. A. Graham Commissioner Lincoln 

department of labor 
A. L. Fletcher Commissioner Ashe 

DEPARTMENT OF INSURANCE 

D. C. Boney Commissioner Lenoir 

DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE 

A. J. Maxwell Commissioner Craven 

STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION 

Capus M. Waynick Chairman Guilford 

Charles Ross Attorney Harnett 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

Dr. C. V. Reynolds Secretary Buncombe 

DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

R. Brick Etheridge Director Dare 

STATE BOARD OF CHARITIES AND PUBLIC WELFARE 

Mrs. W. T. Bost Commissioner Wake 

NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 
A. R. Newsome Secretary Union 



Official Registeb 



LIBRARY COMMISSION 

Miss Marjorie Beal Secretary Wake 

STATE LIBRARY 

Miss Carrie L. Broughton Librarian Wake 

SUPREME COURT LIBRARY 

John A. Livingstone Librarian Wake 

LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE LIBRARY 

Henry M. London Librarian Wake 

BUDGET BUREAU 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus, ex officio... Director Pasquotank 

Frank L. Dunlap Assistant Director Anson 

INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

Harry McMullan Chairman Beaufort 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

W. E. Easterling Secretary Wake 

SCHOOL COMMISSION 

LeRoy Martin Executive Secretary Yadkin 

BANKING COMMISSION 

Gurney P. Hood Commissioner Wayne 

DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 

A. S. Brower Director Wake 



10 Official Register 

Superior Court Calendar, 1935-36 

District Spring, 1935 Fall, 1935 Spring, 1936 Fall, 1936 

1 Judge Cranmer Judge Harris Judge Grady Judge Frizzelle 

Judge Sinclair Judge Cranmer .Judge Harris Judge Grady 

3 Judge Devil) Judge Sinclair Judge Cranmer Judge Harris 

4 Judge Small Judge Devin Judge Sinclair Judge Cranmer 

5 Judge Barnhill Judge Small Judge Devin Judge Sinclair 

6 Judge Parker Judge Barnhill Judge Small Judge Devin 

7 Judge Williams Judge Parker.... Judge Barnhill Judge Small 

8 Judge Frizzelle Judge Williams Judge Parker Judge Barnhill 

9 Judge Grady Judge Frizzelle Judge Williams Judge Parker 

10 Judge Harris Judge Grady Judge Frizzelle Judge Williams 

11 Judge Pless Judge Rosseau Judge Warlick Judge Oglesby 

12 Judge McElroy Judge Pless Judge Rosseau Judge Warlick 

13 Judge Alley Judge McElroy Judge Pless Judge Rosseau 

14 Judge Clement Judge Alley Judge McElroy Judge Pless 

15 Judge Sink Judge Clement Judge Alley „Judge McElroy 

16 Judge Phillips Judge Sink Judge Clement Judge Alley 

17 Judge Harding Judge Phillips jJudge Sink Judge Clement 

18 Judge Oglesby Judge Harding Judge Phillips Judge Sink 

19 Judge Warlick Judge Oglesby Judge Harding Judge Phillips 

20 Judge Rosseau Judge Warlick Judge Oglesby Judge Harding 



PART I 



THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



1. Officers of the Senate. 

2. Members of the Senate (Arranged Alphabetically). 

3. Members of the Senate (Arranged by Districts!. 

4. Senatorial Districts. 

5. Standing Committees of the State. 

6. Officers of the House of Representatives. 

7. Members of the House of Representatives (Arranged Alpha- 

betically). 

S. Members of the House of Representatives (Arranged by 
Counties). 

9. Standing Committees of the House of Representatives. 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF THE SENATE 



OFFICERS 

A. H. Graham ..President I >i 

Paul D. Grady President pro tern Jo] 

LeRoy Martin Principal Clerk Yadkin 

Herman Scott Sergeant-at-Arms Chatham 

Larry Eagles Reading Clerk Pitt 



SENATORS 

(Arranged Alphabetically) 



Name 



Allsbrook, Julian R._ 



Bagley, D. W. ... 
Bailev, Carl L..._ 

Bell, J. A 

Blanton, J. D.._. 
Browning, V. A. . 
Burrus, Dr. J. T. 

Carson, Ray G... 

Clark, W. G 

Coburn, R. L.... 
Corey, Arthur B. 

Dunn, J. Allan . 



Ferrell, W. L. 
Folger, Fred . 
Frink, S. B... 



Gibbs, Frank H.. 

Gibbs, J. P 

Grady, Paul D... 
Gravely, L. L._._ 

Griffin," E. F 

Griffin, J,. E 



Hill, John Sprunt. 

Horton, W. P 

Hurley, B. S 



Newman, Harriss. 
Nixon, K. B 



Powell, Walter H. 



Johnson, Rivers D. _ Ninth 

Johnston, A. Hall. 

Lee, P. A 

Mason, George B 

Mitchell, Dr. Wayland.... 
Morgan, Z. V 



Ramsey, Ralph, Jr.. 
Robertson, Owen S. 



District 


Party 


Post 1 'It, , 


Third 


Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

1 lemocrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat..' 

Republican 

Democrat 

1 lemocrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

I >emocrat. 

1 lemocrat 

1 lemoi rat . . 

1 lemocrat 

I lemocrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

1 lemocrat 

I lemocrat 

1 lemocrat 

1 lemocrat 

1 lemocrat 


R< < i m ike Rapids 


First 


M oyock 


Second 


l'lvmout h 


Twentieth... 


( Charlotte 


Tw cut v-seventh 

Tnirtv-third 


Man i 

Bryson ('it y 


Seventeenth. 

Twenty-eighth.. .. 

Fourth 

Second 


High Point 

Taylors ville 
Tarboro 

W.lliamston 


Fifth 


( Ireenville 


Twenty-first 


Salisbury 


Twenty-second 

Twenty-third 


Winston-Salem 
Mount Airy 


Tenth... 


Southpoi i 


Fourteenth 


Warrenton 


Thirtieth 


BurnsA ille 


Eighth 


Ki ii lv 


Sixth 


Roi kv Mount 


Sixth 


Louisburg 


First 


Edi nton 




Durham 




Pitts 




Troj 


Ninth .. 


Warsaw 


Thirty-first 


Asheville 


Twelfth 


Dunn 




( lastonia 


Third 


i i v iston 




Harnli 1 


Ninth 


\\ ilmington 


Twenty-fifth.. 


Lincoln! i in 


Tenth 


\\ uiteville 




Brevard 


Sixteenth _ 


Hillsboro 



14 



Legislative I )epartment 





Skxators — Continued 




Name 


1 (istrict 


Party 


Post Office 


Shute, J. Ray -.. 


Nineteenth. 

Nineteenth 

Twelfth 


I >emocrat 

1 lemocrat. 

1 >emocrat 

I lemocrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat. 

I lemocrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat __ 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Republican 




Smith, W. Erskine - 

Spence, I L. 


Albemarle 

Carthage 

Ruffin 


Stacy, J. Benton 


Seventeentn 

Twenty-fifth 


Steele, Tl las II. 


Si atesville 


Summersill, E. W. 


Seventh 


Jacksonville 


Swaringen, 0. A 


Twentieth 


Concord 


Teague, S. F 


Eighth 


Goldsboro 


Thompson, ( 'arl S. 


Twenty-seventh 

Twenty-ninth 


Shelby 


Warren, Dalton Franklin 


Soarta 


Wat kins, John S 


Fifteenth 


Virgilina, Ya. 


Weathers, Carroll W 


Thirteenth 


Raleign 


Webb, Ernest V. . 


Seventh 


Kinston 


White, A. E 


Eleven tn, 


Lumberton 


Williams, Joe. 


Twent v-f ourt h _ 


Vadkinville 



SENATORS 

(Arranged by Districts) 



(Democrats except otherwise indicated) 

First District— J,. E. Griffin. Edenton : D. W. Bagley, Moyock. 

Second District — Carl L. Bailey. Plymouth; K. L. Coburn. Wil- 
liamston. 

Third District — Dr. Wayland Mitchell. Lewiston. 

Fourth District — Julian R. Allsbrook. Roanoke Rapids: W. G. 
Clark, Tarboro. 

Fifth District — Arthur B. Corey. Greenville. 

Sixth District — E. F. Griffin. Louisburg; L. L. Gravely. Rocky 
Mount. 

Seventh District — E. W. Summersill. Jacksonville: Ernest V. 
Webb, Kinston. 

Eighth District — Paul D. Grady, Kenly; S. F. Teague, Goldsboro. 

Ninth District — Harriss Newman. Wilmington: Rivers D. John- 
son, Warsaw. 

Tenth District— S. B. Frink. Southport; Walter H. Powell. White- 
ville. 

Eleventh District — A. E. White. Lumberton. 



Senatorial Districts 15 

Twelfth District — P. A. Lee, Dunn: U. L. Spence, Carthage. 

Thirteenth District — W. P. Horton, Pittsboro; Carroll \V. Weath- 
ers, Raleigh. 

Fourteenth District — Frank II. Gibbs, Warrenton. 

Fifteenth District— John S. Watkins, R. F. I>.. Virgilina. Va. 

Sixteenth District — John Sprunt Hill, Durham; Owen S. Robert- 
son. Hillsboro. 

Seventeenth District — Dr. J. T. Burrus, High Poinl ; J. Benton 

Stacy. Ruffin. 

Eighteenth District — Z. V. Morgan. Hamlet: I".. S. Hurley. Troy. 

Nineteenth District — W. Erskine Smith, Albemarle: .1. Ray Shute, 

Monroe. 

Twentieth District— J. A. Bell. Charlotte; 0. A. Swaringen, Con- 
cord. 

Twenty-first District — J. Allan Dunn. Salisbury. 

I'll- cut ij -second District — W. F. Ferrell. Winston-Salem. 

Twenty-third District — Fred Folger, Mount Airy. 

Tiventy-fourth District — Joe Williams (R). Yadkinville. 

Twenty- fifth District — K. B. Nixon. Lincolnton ; Thomas II. Steele, 
Statesville. 

Twenty-sixth District — George B. Mason. Gastonia. 

Twenty-seventh District — Carl S. Thompson, Shelby; -I. I'. Blan- 
ton, Marion. 

Twenty-eighth District— Ray (i. Carson. Taylorsville. 

Ttcenty-ninth District — Dalton Warren. Sparta. 

Thirtieth District— J. P. Gibbs (R). Burnsville. 

Thirty-first District — A. Hall Johnston. Asheville. 

Thirty-seen nil District — Ralph Ramsey. Jr.. Brevard. 

Thirty-third District — V. A. Browning. Bryson City. 



SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

Ch. 161, F. F.. 1021 

First District — Camden. Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hertford, Pas- 
quotank and Perquimans counties shall elect two senator- 



16 Legislative Department 

second District- Beaufort. Dare, Hyde, Martin, Pamlico. Tyrrell 
and Washington shall elect two senators. 

Third District -Bertie and Northampton shall elect one senator. 

Fourth District Edgecombe and Halifax shall elect two senators. 

Fifth District Pitt shall elect one senator. 

Sixth District Franklin, Nash and Wilson shall elect two sen- 
ators. 

Seventh District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones. Lenoir, and 
< Mislow shall elect two senators. 

Eighth District — Johnston and Wayne shall elect two senators. 
Ninth District — Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson ^hall 
elect two senators. 

Tenth District — Bladen. Brunswick, Columbus and Cumberland 
shall elect two senators. 

Eleventh District — Robeson shall elect one senator. 

Twelfth District — Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Randolph shall elect 
two senators. 

Thirteenth District — Chatham, Lee and Wake shall elect two sen- 
ators. 

Fourteenth District — Vance and Warren shall elect one senator. 

Fifteenth District — Granville and Terson shall elect one senator. 

Sixteenth District — Alamance, Caswell. Durham and Orange shall 
elect two senators. 

Seventeenth District — Guilford and Rockingham shall elect two 
senators. 

Eighteenth District — Davidson. Montgomery, Richmond and Scot- 
land shall elect two senators. 

Nineteenth District — Anson, Stanly and Union shall elect two sen- 
ators. 

Twentieth District — Cabarrus and Mecklenburg shall elect two 
senators. 

Twenty-first District — Rowan shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-second District — Forsyth shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-third District — Stokes and Surry shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-fourth District — Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin shall elect one 

senator. 



RrLES of the Senate 17 

Twenty-fifth District — Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln shall i 
two senators. 

Twenty-sixth District — Gaston shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-seventh. District — Cleveland, Henderson, McDowell, Polk 
and Rutherford shall elect two senators. 

Twenty-eighth District — Alexander. Burke and Caldwell shall 
elect one senator. 

Twenty-ninth District — Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga shall elect 
one senator. 

Thirtieth District — Avery, Madison. Mitchell and Yancey shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirty-first District — Buncomhe shall elect one senator. 

Thirty-second District — Haywood. Jackson and Transylvania shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirty-third District — Cherokee, Clay. Graham, Macon and Swain 
shall elect one senator. 



RULES OF THE SENATE, 1935 



Order of Business 

1. The President having taken the chair at the hour to which the 
Senate shall have adjourned, and a quorum being present, the Journal 
of the preceding day shall be read, unless otherwise ordered by the 
Senate, to the end that any mistake may be ecu reeled. 

2. After reading and approval of the Journal, the order of busi- 
ness shall be as follows : 

(1) Reports of standing committees. 

(2) Reports of select committees. 

(3) Introduction of petitions, hills, and resolutions. 

(4) Unfinished business of preceding day. 

( 5 ) Special orders. 

(6) General orders. First, bills and resolutions on third reading: 
second, hills and resolutions on second reading. Bui messages from 
the Governor and House of Representatives and communications 
and reports from State officers and reports from the Committees on 
Engrossed Bills and Enrolled Rills may be received and acted on 
under any order of business. 



18 Legislative Department 

Powers and Duties of the President 

:;. Be shall take the chair promptly at the appointed time and 
proceed with the business of the Senate according to the rules 
adopted. At any time during the absence of the President, the 
President pro tempore, who shall be elected, shall preside, and he is 
hereby vested, during such time, with all powers of the President 
except that of giving a casting vote in case of a tie when he shall 
have voted as a Senator. 

4. He shall assign to doorkeepers their respective duties, and shall 
appoint such pages and laborers as may be necessary, each of whom 
shall receive the same compensation as is now provided by law. 

Of the Principal Clerk 

•1. The President and the Principal Clerk of the Senate shall see 
that all hills shall lie acted upon by the Senate in the order in which 
they stand upon the Calendar, unless otherwise ordered as herein- 
after provided. The Calendar shall include the numbers and titles 
of bills and joint resolutions which have passed the House of Rep- 
resentatives and have been received by the Senate for concurrence. 

6. The Principal Clerk shall certify the passage of bills by the 
Senate, with the date thereof, together with the fact whether passed 
by a vote of three-fifths or two-third of the Senate, whenever such 
vote may be required by the Constitution and laws of the State. 

7. All necessary supplies and stationery for the Senate, its various 
offices and committees of the Senate shall be purchased upon requi- 
sition of the Principal Clerk, with the approval of the President of 
the Senate. 

7a. The office of Engrossing Clerk is discontinued, and the duties 
of that office as heretofore performed by the Engrossing Clerk shall 
devolve upon the Principal Clerk, who is charged with the responsi- 
bility therefor. 

On the Rights and Duties of Senators 

5. Every Senator presenting a paper shall endorse the same ; if a 
petition, memorial, or report to the General Assembly, with a brief 
statement of its subject or contents, adding his name: if a resolu- 
tion, with his name ; if a report of a committee, a statement of such 
report with the name of the committee and member making the 
same; if a bill, a statement of its title, which shall contain a brief 
statement of the subject or contents of the bill, with his name: and 



Rules of the Senate 19 

all bills, resolutions, petitions, and memorials shall he delivered to 
the Principal Clerk and by him handed to the President to be by 
him referred, and he shall announce the titles and references of the 
same, which shall be entered on the Journal. 

9. All motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the Presi- 
dent or any Senator, delivered at the table, and read by the Presi- 
dent or Reading Clerk before the same shall be debated; but any 
such motion may be withdrawn by the introducer at any time before 
decision or amendment. 

10. If any question contains several distinct propositions it shall 
be divided by the President, at the request of any Senator, provided 
each subdivision, if left to itself, shall form a substantive proposi- 
tion. 

11. When the President is putting a question, or a division by 
counting shall be had, no Senator shall walk out of or across the 
Chamber, nor when a Senator is speaking, pass between him and the 
President. 

12. Every Senator wishing to speak or debate, or to present a 
petition or other paper, or to make a motion or to report, shall rise 
from his seat and address the President and shall not proceed 
further until recognized by him. No Senator shall speak or debate 
more than twice nor longer than thirty minutes on the same clay on 
the same subject without leave of the Senate, and when two or more 
Senators rise at once, the President shall name the Senator who is 
tirst to speak. 

13. Every Senator who shall be within the bar of the Senate when 
the question is stated by the chair shall vote thereon, unless be shall 
be excused by the Senate or unless he be directly interested in the 
question; and the bar of the Senate shall include the entire Senate 
Chamber. 

14. When a motion to adjourn or for recess shall be affirmatively 
determined, no member or officer shall leave his place until adjourn- 
ment or recess shall be declared by the President. 

Standing Committees 

15. The following committees shall be named by the Lieutenant- 
< Governor : 

i)n Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Currency. 



20 Legislative Department 

On Caswell Training School. 

< Hi Claims. 

On Commercial Fisheries. 

On Congressional Districts. 

<ni Conservation and Development. 

On Consolidated Statutes. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Ccmiil ies. Cities, and Towns. 

On Courts and Judicial Districts. 

On Distribution of Governor's Message. 

On Education. 

On Election Law. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Enrolled Bills. 

On Federal Relations. 

On Finance. 

On Immigration. 

On Insane Asylums. 

On Institutions for the Blind. 

On Institutions for the Deaf. 

On Insurance. 

On Internal Improvements. 

On Journal. 

On Judiciary, No. 1. 
On Judiciary. No. 2. 

< >n Justices of the Peace. 
On Library. 

On Labor and Commerce. 

On Manufacturing. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Mining. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Pensions and Soldiers' Home. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Health. 

On Public Roads. 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Railroads. 



16. 



Rules of the Senate 21 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 
On Senate Expenditures. 
On Senatorial Districts. 
On Water Commerce. 

Joint Committees 

On Printing. 

On Trustees of the University. 



IT. The Committee on Engrossed Bills shall examine all bills, 
amendments, and resolutions before they go out of the possession 
of the Senate, and make a report when they find them correctly 
engrossed: Provided, that when a bill is typewritten and has no 
interlineations therein, and has passed the Senate without amend- 
ment, it shall be sent to the House without engrossment, unless 
otherwise ordered. 

18. The Committee on Appropriations shall carefully examine all 
bills and resolutions appropriating or paying any moneys out of the 
State Treasury, except bills creating or increasing salaries which 
shall be referred to the proper committee: Provided, said committee 
shall report to the Appropriations Committee the amount allowed, 
and keep an accurate record of the same and report to the Senate 
from time to time. All bills introduced in the Senate providing for 
bond issues, levying taxes, or in any manner affectum' the taxing 
power of the State or any subdivision thereof, shall, before being 
considered by the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Finance, 
and bills referred to other committees carrying any of the provisions 
herein mentioned shall be re-referred to the Senate as being bills 
be considered by the Finance Committee before proper action may 
be taken by the Senate. 

19. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution which 
shall not be considered at the time of making the same, or laid on 
the table by a vote of the Senate, shall stand upon the general 
orders with the bill or resolution: and the report of the committee 
shall show that a majority of the committee were present and voted. 



Legislative Department 

On General Orders and Special Orders 

20. Any bill or other matter may be made a special order for a 
particular day or hour by a vote of the majority of the Senators 
voting, and if it shall not be completed on that day, it shall be 
returned to its place on the Calendar, unless it shall be made a 
special order for another day: and when a special order is under 
consideration it shall take precedence of any special order or subse- 
quent order for the day, but such subsequent order may be taken 
up immediately after the previous special order has been disposed of. 

21. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its being 
passed, and the President shall give notice at each whether it be 
the first, second, or third. After the first reading, unless a motion 
shall be made by some Senator, it shall be the duty of the President 
to refer the subject-matter to an appropriate committee. No bill 
shall be amended until it shall have been twice read. 

Proceedings When There Is Not a Quorum Voting 

22. If. on taking the question on a bill, it shall appear that a con- 
stitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill require a vote of a 
certain proportion of all the Senators to pass it. and it appears that 
such number is not present, the bill shall be again read and the 
question taken thereon ; if the bill fail a second time for the want 
of the necessary number being present and voting, the bill shall not 
be finally lost, but shall be returned to the Calendar in its proper 
order. 

Precedence of Motions 

23. When a question is before the Senate no motion shall be re- 
ceived except those herein specified, which motions shall have prece- 
dence as follows, viz. : 

(1) For an adjournment. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

• 5 i To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 

( 7 i To commit to a select committee. 

i 8 ) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. 



Rules of the Senate 23 

24. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?" and until it is decided shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill. 
resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when amend- 
ments are pending, the question shall be taken up on such amend- 
ments, in their inverse order, without further debate or amend- 
ment: Provided, that no one shall move the previous question ex- 
cept the member submitting the report on the bill or other matter 
under consideration, and the member introducing the lull or other 
matter under consideration, or the member in charge of the measure, 
who shall be designated by the chairman of the committee reporting 
the same to the Senate at the time the bill or other matter under 
consideration is reported to the Senate or taken up for consider- 
ation. 

25. When a motion for the previous question is made and is pend- 
ing, debate shall cease, and only a motion to adjourn or lay on the 
table shall be in order, which motions shall be put as follows: ad- 
journ, previous question, lay on the table. After a motion for the 
previous question is made, pending a second thereto, any member 
may give notice that he desires to offer an amendment to the bill or 
other matter under consideration: and after the previous questiou 
is seconded, such member shall be entitled to offer his amendment 
in pursuance of such notice. 

Other Questions to Be Taken Without Debate 

26. The motions to adjourn and lay on the table shall be decided 
without debate, and the motion to adjourn shall always be in order 
when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 

27. The respective motions to postpone to a certain day. or to 
commit, shall preclude debate on the main question. 

2S. All questions relating to priority of business shall be decided 
without debate. 

29. When the reading of a paper is called for. except petitions. 
and the same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be determined 
by the Senate without debate. 

30. Any Senator requesting to he excused from voting may make. 
either immediately before or after the vote shall have been called 
and before the result shall have been announced, a brief statement 
of the reasons for making such request, and the question shall then 



24 Legislative Department 

he taken without debate. Any Senator may explain his vote on any 
bill pending by obtaining permission of the President before the vote 
is put : Provided, that not more than three minutes shall be con- 
sumed in such explanation. 

Questions That Require a Two-Thirds Vote 

31. No hill or resolution on its third reading shall he acted on out 
of the regular order in which it stands on the Calendar, and no bill 
or resolution shall be acted upon on its third reading the same day 
on which it passed its second reading, unless so ordered by two- 
thirds of the Senators present. 

32. No hill or resolution shall be sent from the Senate on the day 
of its passage except on the last day of the session, unless otherwise 
ordered by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 

33. No bill or resolution after being laid upon the table upon 
motion shall he taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of 
tlu' Senators present. 

Decorum in Debate 

34. No remark reflecting personally upon the action of any Sen- 
ator shall he in order in debate unless preceded by a motion or reso- 
lution of censure. 

35. When a Senator shall he called to order he shall take his seat 
until the President shall have determined whether he was in order 
or not ; if decided to he out of order, he shall not proceed without the 
permission of the Senate ; and every question of order shall be de- 
cided by the President, subject to an appeal to the Senate by any 
Senator; and if a Senator is called to order for words spoken, the 
words excepted to shall he immediately taken down in writing, that 
the President or Senate may be better able to judge of the matter. 

Miscellaneous Rules 

36. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall be in 
order for any Senator who shall have voted in the majority to move 
a reconsideration thereof ; but no motion for the reconsideration of 
any vote shall he in order after the hill, resolution, message, report, 
amendment, or motion upon which the vote was taken shall have 
gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor shall any motion for 
reconsideration be in order unless made on the same day or the next 
following legislative day on which the vote proposed to be recon- 
sidered shall have taken place, unless same shall he made bv the 



Rules of the Senate 

Committee on Enrolled Bills for verbal or grammatical errors in the 
bills, when the same may be made at any time. Nor shall any 
question be reconsidered more than once. 

37. All bills and resolutions shall take their place upon the c. 
dar according to their number, and shall be taken up in regular 
order, unless otherwise ordered. 

38. No smoking shall be allowed on the floor of the Senate Cham- 
ber during the sessions. 

39. Senators and visitors shall uncover their heads upon entering 
the Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session, and shall con- 
tinue uncovered during their continuance in the Chamber. 

40. No Senator or officer of the Senate shall depart the service of 
the Senate without leave, or receive pay as a Senator or officer for 
the time he is absent without leave. 

41. No person other than the executive and judicial officers of the 
State, members and officers of the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives, and ex-members shall be permitted within the Sen 
Chamber. 

42. No rule of the Senate shall be altered, suspended, or rescinded 
except on a two-thirds vote of the Senators present. 

43. In case a less number than a quorum of the Senate shall con- 
vene, they are authorized to send the doorkeeper, or any other per- 
son, for any or all absent Senators, as a majority of the Senator- 
present shall determine. 

44. The ayes and noes may be called for on any question befi 
the vote is taken, and if seconded by one-fifth of the Senators pres< 
the question shall lie decided by the ayes and noes, and the same 
shall be entered upon the Journal. 

45. The chairman of the following committees, with the approval 
of the President of the Senate, shall appoint clerks in order to ex- 
pedite the business of the Session of 1935, as follows: 

Finance. Roads. Judiciary, No. 1. Judiciary. No. 2, Counties. Cities, 
and Towns. Election Laws, Insurance. Agriculture. Conservation and 
Development. Appropriations. Education. 

In addition to the above-named clerks, the President of the Senate 
shall, upon recommendation of the Rule- Committee, appoint addi- 
tional clerks, who -hall perform such duties as max he assigned 
them by the Principal Clerk of the Senate. 

All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the direct 
duties connected with the committee to which they are assigned. 



26 Legislative i h p \i;t\i ent 

shall report to the Principal Clerk of the Senate and. in order to 
• xpedite the work of the Senate, shall perforin such clerical or 
stenographic work as may be assigned to them. 

46. Every bill introduced into the Senate shall be printed or type- 
written. Amendments need not be typewritten. 

47. All hills shall he read by their titles, which reading shall con- 
stitute the first reading of the bill, and unless otherwise disposed of 
shall be referred to the proper committee. A hill may be introduced 
by unanimous consent at any time during the session. 

4S. The Journal of the Senate shall he typewritten in duplicate, 
original and carbon, the original to be deposited in the office of the 
Secretary of State as the record, and the other (carbon) copy to be 
delivered to the State Printer. 

49. All hills and resolutions reported unfavorably by the com- 
mittee to which they were referred, and having no minority report, 
shall lie upon the table, but may he taken from the table and placed 
upon the Calendar by a two-thirds vote of those present and voting. 

50. That in case of adjournment without any hour heins named, 
the Senate shall reconvene the next legislative day at 11 o'clock a. m. 

51. When a hill is materially modified or the scope of its applica- 
tion extended or decreased, or if the county or counties to which it 
applies he changed, the title of the bill shall be changed by the Sen- 
ator introducing the hill or by the committee having it in charge, or 
by the Principal Clerk, so as to indicate the full purport of the bill 
as amended and the county or counties to which it applies. 

52. The pages of the Senate shall he responsible to and under the 
direction of the President at all times when the Senate is in session. 
and shall not exceed twelve in number. They shall report to the 
Principal Clerk at other times to be assigned such duties as he may 
direct and shall be under bis supervision. 

53. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any of its 
readings, the contents of such hill or the principal provisions of its 
subject-matter shall not he embodied in any other measure. Upon 
the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, such 
measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not he taken there- 
from except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected membership of the 
Senate: Provided, no local bill shall he held by the Chair as embody- 
ing the provisions, or being identical with any State-wide measure 
which has been laid upon the table or failed to pass any of its 
readings. 



Rules of the Senate 27 

54. That in the event of the absence of the President of the Senate 
and the President pro tempore, at any time fixed for the reconvening 
of the Senate, the Principal Clerk of the Senate or in his absence 
also, some member of the Senate Committee on Rules shall call the 
Senate to order and designate some member to act as President. 

55. Whenever a public bill is introduced, a carbon copy thi 
shall accompany the bill. The Reading Clerk shall stamp the copy 
with the number stamped upon the original bill. Such copy shall be 
daily delivered to the joint committee hereinafter provided for. The 
Principal Clerk shall deliver the carbon copy of the bills designated 
ro be printed as hereinafter provided for to the public printer and 
cause 400 copies thereof to be printed. On the morning following 
the delivery of the printed copies the Chief Clerk shall cause the 
Chief Page to have one copy thereof put upon the desk of each mem- 
ber, and shall retain the other printed copies in his office. A suffi- 
cient number of the printed copies for the use of the committee to 
which the bill is referred shall be by the Chief Page delivered to 
the Chairman or Clerk of that committee. If the bill is passed, the 
remaining copies shall be by the Chief Page delivered to the Princi- 
pal Clerk of the House for the use of the House. The cost of print- 
ing shall be paid from the contingent fund of the Senate. Tin 1 
Chairman of the Rules Committee of the Senate and I he Chairman 
of the Rules Committee of the House shall appoint a sub-committee 
consisting of three members of the Senate and two members of the 
House from the body of the Senate and the House, and such ('hair- 
man shall notify the Principal Clerk of the House and of the Senate 
who has been appointed. Such sub-committee shall meet daily and 
examine the carbon copies of the public bills introduced and deter- 
mine which of such public bills shall be printed and which shall not, 
and stamp the copies accordingly. If the member, introducing a 
public bill, which the committee shall determine, should uol 
printed, so desires, he may appear before the committee at the nest 
meeting thereof with reference thereto. 

56. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a committee, 
if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, then 
the author of the bill may. after three days public notice given in 
the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds of the Sen- 
ators present and voting, recall the same from the committee to the 
floor of the Senate for consideration and such action thereon a> 
majority of the Senators present may direct. 



28 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 



Agriculture Senators Bagley, Chairman; Watkins, Carson. Clark, 
Coburn, Corey, Gibbs of Yancey. Grady, Hill. Johnson of Duplin. 
Johnston of Buncombe, Nixon. Smith. Stacy, Thompson. Webb. 

Appropriations — Senators Gravely. Chairman; Newman. Bagley, 
Bell, Blanton, Clark. Coburn, Corey. Dunn. Folger, Gibbs of Warren. 
Gibbs of Yancey, Hill. Nixon, Powell. Ramsey, Webb. 

Banks and Currency — Senators Hill. Chairman; Bailey, Bell, Blan- 
ton, Corey, Ferrell, Hurley, Morgan. Steele. Teague, Weathers. 
White. Williams. 

Caswell Training School — Senators Coburn, Chairman: Webb, 
Frink. Hurley, Mason, Mitchell, Shute, Swaringen, Warren. White. 

Claims — Senators Allsbrook, Chairman; Bagley, Browning, Grady, 
Johnston of Buncombe, Morgan, Stacy, Summersill, Warren. 

Commercial Fisheries — Senators Frink. Chairman; Griffin of Cho- 
wan. Coburn, Dunn, Newman, Powell. Smith, Summersill. Teague, 
Thompson. 

Congressional Districts — Senators Folger, Chairman; Bailey, Bell, 
Carson. Grady, Griffin of Chowan. Johnston of Buncombe, Lee, Mor- 
gan. Steele, Swaringen. 

Conservation and Development — Senators Bailey, Chairman; 
Weathers, Bagley, Coburn, Folger, Gibbs of Warren. Gravely, Hill, 
Horton. Nixon, Smith. Thompson, Warren, Watkins. Williams. 

Consolidated Statutes — Senators Steele, Chairman; Browning. 
Coburn. Ferrell, Hurley, Mason, Newman. Teague, White. 

Constitutional Amendments — Senators Weathers, Chairman; Alls- 
brook. Bailey, Bell. Burrus, Clark, Dunn. Griffin of Franklin, Gibbs 
of Yancey, Horton. Johnston of Buncombe. Nixon, Shute. Warren. 

Corporations — Senators Hurley, Chairman; Bagley. Blanton, Dunn, 
Frink. Griffin of Chowan, Johnson of Duplin, Lee, Spenee, Swaringen, 
Warren. 

Counties. Cities, and Towns — Senators Clark. Chairman; Bell, 
Allsbrook, Ferrell. Folger, Frink, Griffin of Franklin. Hurley, Lee, 
Morgan, Robertson. Stacy, Williams. 

Courts and .Judicial Districts — Senators Bell. Chairman; Coburn, 
Corey, Grady, Johnson of Duplin, Mason. Powell, Spenee, Summersill. 



Senate Committees 29 

Distribution of Governor's Message — Senators Gibbs of Wa 
Chairman; Browning, Bagley, Lee, Mitchell, Powell, Stacy. Watkins. 

Education — Senators Griffin of Chowan, Chairman; Johnson of 
Duplin: Allsbrook, Bailey. Carson, Corey. Folger, Gravely, Griffin of 
Franklin, Horton, Powell. Robertson, Shute, Smith. Stacy, Teague, 
Watkins. Weathers. Williams. 

Election Lairs — Senators Nixon. Chairman; Bailey, Allsbrook, 
Bell, Browning. Ferrell, Folger. Gibbs of Warren. Gibbs of V.in 
Johnson of Duplin. Johnston of Buncombe. Powell, Ramsey, Robert- 
son, Smith. Thompson. 

Engrossed Bills — Senators Swaringen, Chairman: Bagley, Brown- 
ing, Dunn. Frink. Lee. Nixon. 

Enrolled Bills — 'Senators Teague, Chairman; Blanton, Carson, 
Folger, Hurley, Mitchell, Shute, Steele. 

Federal Relations — Senators Mason, Chairman: Shute. Bell, Car- 
son, Dunn. Griffin of Chowan. Warren. Webb. 

Finance — Senators Newman. Chairman; Gravely. Bailey, Brown- 
ing, Burrus. Ferrell. Horton. Johnston of Buncombe .Mason. Morgan, 
Robertson. Smith. Spence, Stacy, Steele. Swaringen. Teague, Thomp- 
son, White. Williams. 

Immigration — Senators Warren, Chairman: Browning, Burrus, 
Folger. Grady. Lee. Nixon. Steele. Watkins. 

committee on Insane Asylum — Senators Mitchell. Chairman; 
Clark. Burrus, Carson, Shute, Thompson, Teague, Watkins. Weath- 
ers. Webb. 

Institutions for the Blind — Senators Lee, Chairman: Bagley, Blan- 
ton, Ferrell, Gravely. Horton. Johnston of Buncombe. Ramsey. 

Institutions for the Deaf — Senators Stacy. Chairman; Mitchell, 
Newman. Robertson, Swaringen. Watkins. White. 

Insurance — Senators Powell, Chairman: Burrus, Allsbrook, Blan- 
ton, Browning. Clark. Dunn. Ferrell. Gibbs of Yancey, Griffin of 
Franklin, Gravely. Horton. Mason. Robertson. Smith. Webb. 

Internal Improvements- Senators Browning, Chairman; Carson, 
Dunn, Frink, Gravely. Mason. Thompson. Watkins. 

Journal — Senators Morgan. Chairman; Allsbrook, Blanton, Dunn, 

Mason. Ramsey, Steele. 



30 Legislative Department 

Judiciary, Vo. l -Senators Johnson of Duplin, Chairman; Bailey, 
Browning, Corey, [Terrell, Frink, Grady. Griffin of Chowan, Hurley, 
Mason, Newman, Powell, Ramsey. Spence, Steele. 

Judiciary, Xo. 2 — Senators Hortou. Chairman; Summersill. Alls- 
brook. Bell. Colmrn, Dunn, Folger, Gibbs of Warren. Griffin of 
Franklin, Johnston of Buncombe, Morgan, Nixon. Smith, Teague, 
Weathers. 

Justices of the Peace — Senators Watkins, Chairman; Bell, Car- 
son. Grady, Horton, Lee, Morgan, Nixon. Stacy, Swaringen. 

Library — Senators Shute, Chairman; Clark, Dunn, Gibbs of War- 
ren, Grady, Hill, Johnston of Buncombe, Warren. Weathers. 

Labor and Commerce — Senators Dunn, Chairman; Allsbrook, Blan- 
ton, Burrus, Ferrell, Griffin of Franklin. Mason, Ramsey. Robertson, 
Spence. 

Military Affairs — Senators Corey, Chairman; Dunn, Frink, Gibbs 
of Warren, Griffin of Franklin. Griffin of Chowan, Hill. Robertson. 
Stacy. 

Penal Institutions — Senators Webb, Chairman; Browning, Burrus, 
(lark. Griffin of Franklin, Hurley. Morgan. Robertson. Summersill, 
Watkins. White. 

Printing — Senators Robertson, Chairman; Bagley, Browning, 
Corey. Gravely. Newman, Shute. Warren, White. 

Pensions and soldiers Home — Senators White, Chairman; Bell, 
Browning, Clark. Grady, Hurley, Morgan. Spence. 

Propositions and Grievances — Senators Ferrell, Chairman; Robert- 
son, Blanton, Browning, Folger, Gravely. Hurley, Mitchell. Smith. 

Public Health — Senators Dr. Burrus. Chairman; Mitchell. Blan- 
ton, Gibbs of Warren. Hill, Johnson of Duplin. Lee, Smith, Spence. 
Steele. Summersill. 

Public Roads — Senators Spence. Chairman; Summersill. Bell. 
Corey. Dunn, Frink. Grady, Hill, Horton. Hurley, Johnston of Bun- 
combe. Lee, Mitchell, Nixon, Ramsey. Smith. Warren, Watkins. 
Weathers. 

Public Utilities — Senators Summersill. Chairman : Allsbrook. 
Bailey. Burrus, Ferrell, Griffin of Chowan. Hurley, Smith, Steele, 
Thompson, Webb. White. 



Senate Committk; 

Public Welfare — Senators Griffin of Franklin. Chairman; Hill, 
Bailey, Frink, Griffin of Chowan. Johnson of Duplin, Mason, New- 
man, Thompson. Weathers. 

Railroads — Senators Thompson, Chairman; Browning, Clark. 
Gravely. Morgan. Newman, Stacy. 

Rales Senators Grady. Chairman: Bailey, Bell, Clark. Folger, 
Gravely. Horton. Johnson of Duplin, Johnston of Buncombe, Nixon, 
Robertson. Stacy. 

Salaries and Fees — Senators Ramsey, Chairman; Coburn, Grady, 
Shute. Thompson. Warren. 

Senate Expenditures — Senators Blanton, Chairman: Hoi 
Folger. Grady, White. 

Senatorial Districts — Senators Smith. Chairman; Teague, Alls- 
brook. Bell. Browning, Ferrell, Gravely. Johnson of Duplin. Johnston 
of Buncombe, Nixon. Spence, Weathers. 

Trustees of the University — Senators Johnston of Buncombe, Chair- 
man : Gravely, Allsbrook, Clark. Coburn. Corey. Folger. Griffin of 
Franklin, Hill, Horton, Lee, Mason, Newman, Nixon. Powell. Ram- 
sey, Robertson, Spence, Stacy. Teague. Williams. 

Water Commerce — Senators Carson. Chairman: Bagley, Frink, 
Lee, Powell, Warren. 



32 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE 
OF REPRESENTATIVES 



rt G r M'v Johnson. 

Thvd Eure 

John H. McKinnon 

Ben M. Brewer 

M [SS Rosa B. Mind 



OFFICERS 



.Speaker 

.Principal Clerk 

.Reading Clerk 

.Sergeant-at-Arms. 
.Engrossing Clerk . 



. Pi mler 

.Hertford 

.Robeson 

.Wake 
.Cabarrus 



REPRESENTAT1 V ES 

( Arranged Alphabetically i 



Name 



Abernathy, C. C... 

Alspaugh, Hal 

Andrews, Wiley 

Bailev, J. T 

Barbee, W. D 

Barker, Oscar G 

Barnes, Trov T. 

Bean, J. W r 

Bender, R. P 

Bloum, M. <) 

Blount, Sam M 

Bowie, T. C 

Bowers. .1. V. 

Brock, B. C 

Brown, W. T 

Bryan, T. S 

Bryant, Victor S. .. 
Bryson, T. C 

Carr, Dr. R. L 

Cherry, R. G 

Clegg, W. R 

Cloud, E. B 

Cook. Staley A 

Cone, Ben 

Cooper, T. E 

Crabtree, C. H 

Craig, George W 

Craver, H. P 

Cross, H at ha way. . 

Davis, Roy L 

Day, Nere E 

Dees, J. G. 

Dobson, Henry 

Douglass, Dr. S. E 
Dowtin, J. A 

Eagles, W. W _ 

Ervin, Paul R 



County 


Party- 


Post Office 


Nash 

Forsyth. 


Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat.. 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat .. 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat. 

Republican 

Republican 

Democrat. 

Republican 

Democrat 

Democrat. 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Republican 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat... 

Democrat. 

Republican 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat. 

Democrat 


Spring Hope 
Winston-Salem 


Wayne 

Haywood 

Northampton 

Durham. .. 

Wilson 


Goldsboro, R. 2 

Canton 
Seaboard 
Durham 
Wilson 


Rowan . 


Spencer 




Pollocksville 


Pitt. 


Bethel 


Beaufort. _. 

Ashe _ . _ . . . 


Washington 
Je Terson 


A very . . 


Newland 


Davie 


Mocksville 


Perquimans 


Hertford 


Wilkes 


Traphill 




Durham 


Jackson 


Sylva 


Duplin 


Rose Hill 




Gastonia 


Moore 


Carthage 


Polk . 


Columbus 


Mamance 


Burlington 


Guilford 


Greensboro 


New Hanover. 


Wilmington 
Sanford 




Asheville 


YadKin ... 


Boonville 


Gates 


Gatesville 


Dare 

Onslow 


Wanchese 

Jacksonville 

Bavboro 


Surrv 


Elkin 


Wake 


Raleigh 




Warrenton 




Macclesfield 


Mecklenburg. 


Charlotte 



Members of House of Representatives 






Representatives — 


Coniin i> 




Name 


County 


Party 


Post I > ■' 


0. S. Falkner 


Vance 


1 )emocral 

■><-rat_. 

1 '• ■mocrat 

Democrat 

I (emocrat 

Democrat . 

Democrat 

1 (emocrat . 

1 (< mocrat 

1 >emocra1 

1 (emocrat 

Democrat 

Republican 

! d mocrat 

Democrat 

I 'emocrat .. 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Republican 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Republican 

Democrat 

Republican 

Democrat.. 

Republican 

Democrat 

Democrat 

1 (emocrat 

I (emocrat.. 

I (emocrat.. 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat. 

Democrat 

I (emocrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat. 

Democrat 

Democrat 
Republii ;in 

Democrat 

Republican 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 


lliiiderson 
Troy 
Rocky Mi 

roe 

Iby 


Farrell, Dr. W. I... 


Montgomery 

Nash 


Fenner, W. E 


Funderburk, Coble 


U/nion 


Gardner, Ernest. „ 


Cleveland.. 


Garrell, C. D 






Richmond 


Wagram 
Hayesville 

Roxboro 
Morganton 

H inston-Si 


Gibson, W. H 


Scotland. 


Gray, T. C 


Clay 


Harris, R. 1 


Person . 


Hatcher, H. J 


Burke 


Hauser, C. M._ 


Forsyth. 


Head, George 


Rutherford. 


Hobbs, J. C 


Transylvania 

New Hanover 

Martin 


Brevard 

Wilmington 


Horton, Hugh G 


Hutehins, Mrs. Charles 


Yancey 




Howard. Rev. B. J 


Orange 

Guilford .. 


1 1 tpel Mill 


Hovle, T. C, Jr.. 


Hyde, C. Edwin 


Cherokee. 




Johnson, R. G 


Pender 


Burgaw 


Johnston, C. C 


Iredell . . 


Jonas, Charles A 


Lincoln 




Jones, B. C 


Swain 


Bryson City 

Clinton 


Kellv, W. D 




Kendrick, N. B 


Gaston 


< lastonia 


Klutz, L. F. 


Catawba.. . 




Leggett, L. W 


Halifax 




Lee, G. W 


Johnston 

Rockingham 

Franklin 

Robeson 


Willow Spring;-, 

Draper R.F.D. 


Lindsey, H. R 


Lumpkin, W. L 

McCall, Martin. _ 


Louisburg 
H< d Springs 


McDonald, Dr. Ralph 


Forsy t h__ 


\\ inston-Salem 


McEachern, Laurie 


Hoke... 


Pa cford 


McQueen, Malcolm 


Cumberland 

Caldwell 


Fayetteville 


Meekins, P. W 


1 ,i noir 


Mitchell, Clarence E 


Wake 


Raleigh 


Moody, J. L 


Chatham _ 

Graham 


Siler City 


Morphew, R. B 


Robbinsville 


Norwood, John H 


Stanlv. 


X.iru cod 


O'Berry, Thomas .. 


Wayne 


< loldsboro 


Page, U. S 


Bladen 


• tt, \ ille, R. 7 


Palmer, A. B 


Cabarrus 


( 'oncord 


Pavlor. .7. H 


Pitt._ 


Farmville 


Peterson, Dr. Charles A 


Mitchell 


Sprui e Pine 


Pickens, R. T. 


Guilford-. 


High Point 


Ragan, H. S. _ 


Randolph. 


\i'>!nI.i]i 


Rav, J. Frank . 


Macon.. 


Franklin 


Rasberrv. E. A. . 


Greene 


Snov\ Hill 


Rouse, Robert H 


Lenoir 


Kinston 


Rovster. T. S 




t rxford 



B4 



Lkimsi.ativk I )ki-ai;tmknt 



Rep r esen tatives — Continued 



Name 


County 


Party 


Post Office 


Scholl, William F 


Mecklenburg 

Brunswick 


Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 


Charlotte 


Sentelle, R. E. 


Southport 


Sherard, W. .M„ 


Henderson 


Henderson v i 1 le 


Sink, Fred O... 


I hividson 


Lexineton 




Stokes 


Democrat Danhurv 


Sprinkle, Herschel 


Mad.son 


Republican 

Democrat 

Democrat.. 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat.. 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat _ 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat.. 

Democrat 

Democrat... ... 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 


Marshall 


Spruill, C. W... 


Bertie . 


Windsor, R. 1 


Stell, Harry. 


Washington 


Plymouth 


Stevens. E. L 


Camden 


Indiantown 


Stone, T. C 


Rockingham 

Buncombe.. 


Stoneville 


Sullivan, W. A. 


Asheville 


Swift, Dean 


Watauga 


Sherwood 


Tatem, C. W. 




Columbia 




Currituck. 


Maple 


Thomas, Fred 


Harnett 

Anson 


Erwin 


Thomas, F. E 


Wadesboro 


Thompson, E. M 


Wake 

Robeson 

Halifax 


Garner 


Thompson, P. H 


Fairmont 


Thome, W H 


Littleton 


Tonissen, Ed. T.„. 


Mecklenburg . . 

Rowan 

Hertford 


Charlotte 


Uzzell, George 


Salisburv 


Vann, J. N - 


Ahoskie 


Wade, T. C 

Ward, D. L 

Warden, W. P.... .. 

Warren, Joseph H 

White, John F 


Carteret 

Craven .. 

Alleghanv 

Caswell.. 


Morehead City 
New Bern 
Stratford 
Prospect Hill 


Chowan 

Pasquotank 

Hyde 


Edenton 


Williams, Webb 


Elizabeth Citv 


Williams, O. L. .. 


Swan Quarter 


Wilson, R. V. 


McDowell 


Nebo 




Johnst on 


Benson 


Zickler, Dr. C. R. . 


Alexander. 


Taylorsville 









REPRESENTATIVES 

(Arranged by Counties) 
(Democrats except otherwise indicated) 
Alamance — Staler A. Cook. Burlington (D). 
Alexander — Dr. Charles R. Zickler, Taylorsville (D). 
Alleghany— \X. P. Warden. Stratford (D). 
Anson-— F. E. Thomas, Wadesboro (D). 
Ashe — T. C. Bowie, Jefferson (D). 
Lvery — J. V. Bowers, Newland (R). 
Beaufort — S. M. Blount. Washington (D). 
Bertie— C. W. Spruill, Windsor, R. 1 (D). 
Bladen— V. S. Page, Fayetteville, R. 7 (D). 



Members of House of Representati\ 

Brunswick — R. E. Sentelle, Southport (D) . 

Buncombe — William A. Sullivan. Asheville (D) ; George R 
Asheville (D). 

Burke — Howell J. Hatcher. Morganton (D). 

Cabarrus — A. B. Palmer, Concord fD). 

Caldwell — Percy W. Meekins. Lenoir (D). 

Camden — L. L. Stevens, Indiantown (D). 

Carteret— T. C. Wade, Morehead City (D). 

Caswell — Joseph H. Warren, Prospect Hill (D). 

Catawba — Loomis F. Klutz, Newton (R). 

Chatham — J. Lee Moody, Siler City (D). 

Cherokee— C. E. Hyde, Andrews (R). 

Chowan — John F. White, Edenton 1 1 > i . 

Clay—T. C. Gray, Hayesville (D). 

Cleveland — Ernest A, Gardner, Shelby (D). 

Columbus — C. D. Garrell, Tabor (D). 

Craven — D. L. Ward, New Bern (D). 

Cumberland — Malcolm McQueen. Fayetteville (D) 

Currituck — James A. Taylor. Maple (D). 

Dare — Roy L. Davis. Wanchese (D). 

Davidson — Fred O. Sink. Lexington (D). 

Davie— B. C. Brock. Moeksville (R), 

Dupttn — Dr. Ransom L. Carr, Rose Hill (D). 

Durham — Victor S. Bryant, Durham (D) ; Oscar <;. Barker, Dur- 
ham (D). 

Edgecombe — W. W. Eagles, Macclesfield (D). 

Forsyth — Hal Alspaugh, Winston-Salem (D) ; <'. M. Hauser, Win- 
ston-Salem (D) ; Dr. R. W. McDonald. Winston-Salem (D). 

Franklin — W. L. Lumpkin. Louisburji (D). 

Gaston — R. G. Cherry. Gastonia il>>; X. B. Kendrick, Cherry- 
ville (D). 

Gates — E. Hathaway Cros^. Gatesville (D). 

Graham — R. B. Morphew, Robbinsville (D). 

Granville — T. S. Royster, Oxford (D). 

Greene — E. A. Rasberry, Snow Hill (D). 

Guilford — Ben Cone. Greensboro <I>i : T. C. Hoyle, Jr.. Greensboro, 
(D) ; R. T. Pickens. High Point (D). 

Halifax— L. W. Leggett, Hobgood (D) ; W. H. Tborne, Little- 
ton (D). 

Harnett — Fred S. Thomas. Erwin (D). 



36 Legislative Department 

Haytooodj—3. T. Bailey, Canton (D). 

Henderson — W. M. Sherard, Hendersonville (D). 

Hertford— J. N. Vann, Ahoskie (D). 

Hoke — Laurie McEachern, Raeford (D). 

Hiidc — O. L. "Williams, Swan Quarter (D). 

Iredell — Con C. Johnston, Mooresville (D). 

Jackson— T. C. Bryson, Sylva (D). 

Johnston — Preston Woodall, Benson (D) : G. Willie Lor. Willow 
Springs, R.F.D. (D). 

Jones — R. P. Bender, Pollocksville (D). 

Lee—G. H. Crabtree, Sanford (D). 

Lenoir — R. H. Rouse, Kinston (D). 

Lincoln — Chas. A. Jonas, Lincolnton (R). 

Macon — J. Frank Ray, Franklin (D). 

Madison — J. Herschel Sprinkle, Marshall (Ki. 

Martin — Hugh G. Horton, Williamston (D). 

McDowelh-R. V. Wilson, Nebo (D). 

Mecklenburg — William F. Scholl, Charlotte (D) : Edward T. 
Tonissen, Charlotte (D) ; Paul R. Ervin. Charlotte (D). 

Mitchell — Dr. Chas. A. Peterson. Spruce Pine (Hi. 

Montgomery — Dr. W. I. Farrell. Troy (D). 

Moore— W. R. Clegg, Carthage (D). 

Nash — Claude C. Abernathy, Spring Hope (D) : W. E. Fenner, 
Rocky Mount (D). 

New Hanover — J. C. Hobbs. Wilmington (D) ; Thos. E. Cooper, 
Wilmington (D). 

Northampton — W. D. Barbee. Seaboard (D). 

Onslow — Nere E. Day, Jacksonville (D), 

Orange — B. J. Howard, Chapel Hill (D). 

Pamlico — Julius Dees, Bayboro (D). 

Pasquotank — F. Webb Williams. Elizabeth City (D). 

Pender — R. G. Johnson. Burgaw 1 1 > i . 

Perquimans — W. T. Brown, Hertford (D). 

Person — R. L. Harris, Roxboro (D). 

Pitt— John Hill Paylor, Farmville (D) ; M. O. Blount. Bethel (D). 

Polk — E. B. Cloud, Columbus (R). 

Randolph — Horace S. Ragan. Archdale (Hi. 

Richmond — Jas. E. Garrett, Rockingham (D). 

Robeson— Paul H. Thompson. Fairmont (D) ; Martin McCall. 
Red Springs (D). 



Members of House of Representath 37 

Rockingh a in— -Harry R. Lindsey, Draper U>t; T. Clarence Stone, 
Stoneville (D). 

Rowan— 3. W. Bean. Spencer (D) ; George K. Ozzell, Salis- 
bury (D). 

Rutherford— George Head, Caroleen (R). 

Sampson — W. D. Kelly, Clinton (R). 

Scotland— W . H. Gibson, Wagram (D). 

stunly— J. H. Norwood, Norwood (D). 

Stokes — S. Gilmer Sparger, Danbury (D). 

Surry — Henry C. Dobson. Elkin (D). 

Strain — B. C. Jones, Bryson City (D). 

Transylvania— W. M. Henry. Brevard (D). 

Tyrrell— C. W. Tatem. Columbia (D). 

Union — Coble Funderburk. Monroe (D). 

Vance — O. S. Falkner, Henderson (D). 

Wake — Clarence E. Mitchell, Raleigh (D) ; Dr. S. E. Douglass, 
Raleigh (D) ; E. M. Thompson. Garner (D). 

Warren — J. A. Dowtin, Warrenton (D). 

Washington — Harry Stell. Plymouth (D), 

Watauga — Dean Swift. Sherwood (D). 

Wayne — Thomas O'Berry. Goldsboro (D) ; W. Wiley Andrew-. 
Goldsboro, R. 2 (In. 

Wilkes— T. S. Bryan, Traphill (R). 

Wilson— Troy T. Barnes. Wilson (D). 

Yadkin — H. P. Craver. Boonville (R). 

Yancey — Mrs. Charles Hutchins, Burnsville (D). 



38 
RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 



Touching the Duties of Speaker 

1. It shall be the duty of the Speaker to have the sessions of the 
House opened with prayer. 

2. He shall take the chair every day at the hour fixed by the 
House on the preceding legislative day, shall immediately call the 
members to order, and, on appearance of a quorum, cause the Journal 
of the preceding day to be approved. 

3. He shall preserve order and decorum, may speak to points of 
order in preference to other members, rising from his seat for that 
purpose, and shall decide questions of order, subject to an appeal to 
the House by any member, on which appeal no member shall speak 
more than once, unless by leave of the House. A two-thirds vote of 
the members present shall be necessary to sustain any appeal from 
the ruling of the Chair. 

4. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 

5. Questions shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in favor 
(as the question may be) will say, 'Aye'," and after the affirmative 
voice has been expressed. "Those opposed will say. 'No'." Upon a 
call for a division the Speaker shall count : if required, he shall 
appoint tellers. 

6. The Speaker shall have a general direction of the hall. He 
shall have a right to name any member to perform the duties of 
the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond one day, except 
in case of sickness or by leave of the House. 

7. All committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, unless other- 
wise specially ordered by the House. 

S. In all elections the Speaker may vote. In all other cases he 
may exercise his right to vote, or he may reserve this right until 
there is a tie : but in no case shall he be allowed to vote twice on 
the same question. 

9. All acts, addresses, and resolutions, and all warrants and sub- 
poenas issued by order of the House shall be signed by the Speaker. 

10. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the gal- 
leries or lobby, the Speaker or other presiding officer shall have 
power to order the same to be cleared. 

11. No person except members of the Senate, officers and clerks 
of the General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and Superior 



Rules of House of Representatives 39 

Courts, State officers, former members of the General Assembly, and 
persons particularly invited by the Speaker shall be admitted within 
the hall of the House: Provided, that no person except members of 
the Senate and officers of the General Assembly shall be allowed on 
the floor of the House or in the lobby in the rosir of the Speaker's 
desk, unless permitted by the Speaker of the House. 

12. Reporters wishing to take down debates may be admitted bj 
the Speaker, who shall assign such places to them on the floor or 
elsewhere, to effect this object, as shall not interfere with the con- 
venience of the House. 

13. Smoking shall not be allowed in the hall, the lobbies, or the 
galleries while the House is in session: Provided, thai smoking maj 
be permitted in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk. 

Order of Business of the Day 

14. After the approval of the Journal of the preceding day, which 
shall stand approved without objection, the House shall proceed to 
business in the following order, viz. : 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials, and papers addressed 
to the General Assembly or to the House. 

(2) Reports of standing committees. 

(3) Reports of select committees. 

(4) Resolutions. 

(5) Bills. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 

(7) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages, and other 
papers on the Calendar, in their exact numerical order, unless <lis 
placed by the orders of the day: but messages and motions to elecl 
officers shall always be in order. 

No member shall rise from his sear to introduce any petition. 
resolution, or bill out of order unless he is permitted so to <b> bj a 
suspension of the rules. 

On Decorum in Debate 

15. When any member is about to speak in debate or deliver any 
matter to the House, he shall rise from his seat and respectfully 
address the Speaker. 

16. When the Speaker shall call a member to order, the member 
shall sit down, as also he shall when called to order by another 
member, unless the Speaker decides the point of order in bis favor. 



40 Lki.im.ativk Department 

By Leave of the House a member called to order may clear ;i matter 
of fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as the 
decision stands but by permission of the House. Any member may 
appeal from the decision of the Chair, and if, upon appeal, the de- 
cision be in favor of the member called to order, he may proceed ; 
if otherwise, he shall not, except by leave of the House; and if the 
case, in the judgment of the House, require it, he shall be liable to 
its censure. 

17. No member shall speak until recognized by the Chair, and 
when two or more members rise at the same time the Speaker shall 
name the member to speak. 

18. No member shall speak more than twice on the main question, 
nor longer than thirty minutes for the first speech and fifteen min- 
utes for the second speech, unless allowed to do so by the affirmative 
vote of a majority of the members present nor shall he speak more 
than once upon an amendment or motion to commit or postpone, and 
then not longer than ten minutes. But the House may, by consent 
of a majority, suspend the operations of this rule during any debate 
on any particular question before the House, or the Committee on 
Rules may bring in a special rule that shall be applicable to the 
debate on any bill. 

19. While the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing the 
House, no person shall speak, stand up, walk out of or cross the 
House, nor when a member is speaking entertain private discourse, 
stand up. or pass between him and the Chair. 

20. No member shall vote on any question when he was not pres- 
ent when the question was put by the Speaker, except by the consent 
of the House. Upon a division and count of the House on any ques- 
tion, no member without the bar shall be counted. 

21. Every member who shall be in the hall of the House for the 
above purpose when the question is put shall give his vote upon a 
call of the ayes and noes, unless the House for special reasons shall 
excuse him, and no application to be excused from voting or to ex- 
plain a vote shall be entertained unless made before the call of the 
roll. The hall of the House shall include the lobbies and offices 
connected with the hall. 

22. When a motion is made it shall be stated by the Speaker or, 
if written, it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by the 
Speaker or Clerk before debate. A motion to table or adjourn shall 



Rules of House of Representatives 41 

be seconded before the motion is put by the Speaker to the vote of 
the House. 

23. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, it" r 1 1< - Speaker or 
any two members request it. 

24. After a motion is stated by the Speaker or read by the Clerk, 
it shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but may be with- 
drawn before a decision or amendment, except in case of a motion 
to reconsider, which motion, when made by a member, shall be 
deemed and taken to be in possession of the House, and shall not be 
withdrawn without leave of the House. 

25. When a question is under debate no motion shall be received 
but to adjourn, to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to post- 
pone to a day certain, to commit or amend, which several motions 
shall have precedence in the order in which they stand arranged ; 
and no motion to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to post- 
pone to a day certain, to commit or amend, being decided, shall be 
again allowed at the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

26. A motion to adjourn or lay on the table shall be decided with- 
out debate, and a motion to adjourn shall always be in order, except 
when the House is voting or some member is speaking; but a motion 
to adjourn shall not follow a motion to adjourn until debate or some 
other business of the House has intervened. 

26a. In case of adjournment without any hour being named, the 
House shall reconvene on the next legislative day at twelve oclock 
noon. 

27. When a question has been postponed indefinitely, the same 
shall not be acted on again during the session, except upon a two- 
thirds vote. 

28. Any member may call for a division of the question, when the 
same shall admit of it, which shall be determined by the Speaker. 

29. When a motion has been once made and carried in the affirma- 
tive or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority 
to move for the reconsideration thereof, on the same or succeeding 
day, unless it may have subsequently passed the Senate, and no 
motion to reconsider shall be taken from the table except by a two- 
thirds vote. But unless such vote has been taken by a call of the 
yeas and nays, any member may move to reconsider. 

30. When the reading of a paper is called for. which ha- been 
read in the House, and the same is objected to by any member, 'i 
shall be determined by a vote of the House. 



42 Legislative Department 

31. Petitions, memorials, and other papers addressed to the House 
shall be presented by the Speaker; a brief statement of the contents 
thereof may be verbally made by the introducer before reference to 
a committee, but shall not be debated or decided on the day of their 
first being read, unless the House shall direct otherwise. 

.'!'J. When the ayes and noes are called for on any question, it shall 
be on motion before the question is put: and if seconded by one-fifth 
of the members present, the question shall be decided by the ayes 
and noes : and in taking the ayes and noes, or on a call of the House, 
the names of the members will be taken alphabetically. 

33. Decency of speech shall he observed and personal reflection 
carefully avoided. 

34. Any member may arise at any time to speak to a question of 
personal privilege, and upon objection to him proceeding, the Speaker 
shall determine if the question is one of privilege. 

35. Fifteen members, including the Speaker, shall be authorized 
to compel the attendance of absent members. A quorum shall con- 
sist of a majority of the qualified members of the House. 

36. No member or officer of the House shall absent himself from 
the service of the House without leave, unless from sickness or 
inability. 

37. Any member may excuse himself from serving on any com- 
mittee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

38. If any member shall be necessarily absent on temporary busi- 
ness of the House when a vote is taken upon any question, upon 
entering the House he shall be permitted, on request, to vote, pro- 
vided that the result shall not be thereby affected. 

39. No standing rule or order shall be rescinded or altered without 
one day's notice given on the motion thereof, and to sustain such 
motion two-thirds of the House shall be required. 

40. The members of the House shall uncover their heads upon 
entering the House while it is in session, and shall continue so un- 
covered during their continuance in the hall, except Quakers. 

41. A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority vote, 
except a motion to reconsider an indenite postponement, or a motion 
to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to reconsider, which shall 
require a two-thirds vote. 

42. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any of its 
readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions of its 
subject-matter shall not he embodied in any other measure. Upon 



Rtjles of House of Representatives 43 

the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, such 
measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken there- 
from except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected membership of 
the House: Provided, no local bill shall be held by the Chair as 
embodying the provisions or being identical with any State-wide 
measure which has been laid upon the table, or failed to pass any 
of its readings. 

42a. A motion to table an amendment sent up from the floor shall 
not be construed as a motion to table the principal bill or any other 
amendment which has been offered thereto, and if such motion is 
carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the table. 

42b. When a member desires to interrupt a member having the 
floor he shall first obtain recognition by the Chair and permission 
of the member occupying the floor, and when so recognized and such 
permission is obtained, he may propound a question to the member 
occupying the floor, but be shall not propound a series of questions 
or interrogatories or otherwise interrupt the member having the 
floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point of order being raised, 
enforce this rule. 

Standing Committees 

43. At the commencement of the session a standing committee 
shall be appointed by the Speaker on each of the following subjects, 
namely : 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Banking. 

On Commercial Fisheries. 

On Congressional Districts. 

On Conservation and Development. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties. Cities, and Towns. 

On Courts and Judicial Districts. 

On Drainage. 

On Education. 

On Elections and Election Laws. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Expenditures of the House. 

On Federal Relations. 

On Finance. 



44 Legislative Department 

On Game. 

On Health. 

On Insane Asylums. 

On Institutions for the Blind. 

On Institutions for the Deaf and Dumh. 

On Insurance. 

On the Journal. 

On Judiciary, No. 1. 

On Judiciary, No. 2. 

On Manufactures and Labor. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Oyster Industry. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Pensions. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Roads. 

On Kules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senatorial Districts. 

Joint Committees 

On Enrolled Bills. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Library. 

On Printing. 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Trustees of University. 

The first member announced on each committee shall be chair- 
man. 

43a. Whenever the House shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the Senate to a bill originating in the House, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the Senate for a 
bill originating in the House, a conference committee shall be ap- 
pointed upon motion made, consisting of the number named in the 
motion ; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go to and 
be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the House and 
Senate. In considering matters in difference between the House and 



Rules of House of Representatives 45 

Senate committed to the conferees, only such matters as are in 
difference between the two houses shall be considered by the con- 
ferees, and the conference report shall deal only with such matters 
The conference report shall not be amended. Except as herein set 
out. the rules of the House of Representatives of Congress shall 
govern the appointment, conduct, and reports of the conferees. 

44. In forming a Committee of the Whole House, the Speaker shall 
leave the Chair, and a Chairman to preside in committee shall be 
appointed by the Speaker. 

45. Upon bills submitted to a Committee of the Whole House, the 
bill shall be first read throughout by the Clerk, and then again read 
and debated by sections, leaving the preamble to be last considered. 
The body of the bill shall not be defaced or interlined, but all 
amendments, noting the page and line, shall be duly entered by the 
Clerk on a separate paper as the same shall be agreed to by the 
committee, and so reported to the House. After report, the bill shall 
again be subject to be debated and amended by sections before a 
question on its passage be taken. 

46. The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in a 
Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be applicable, 
except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the previous 
question. 

47. In a Committee of the Whole House a motion that the com- 
mittee rise shall always be in order, except when a member is 
speaking, and shall be decided without debate. 

4S. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for suspension of the 
rules, or by order of the House, or on the report of a committee, 
unless introduced in regular order during the morning hour. 

40. All bills and resolutions shall be reported from the committee 
to which referred, with such recommendations as the committee 
may desire to make. 

oO. Every bill shall receive three several readings in the House 
previous to its passage, and the Speaker shall give notice at each 
whether it be its first, second, or third reading. 

51. Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly en- 
dorse thereon the substance of the same. 

52. All bills and resolutions shall upon their introduction be re- 
ferred by the Speaker, without suggestion from the introduced, to 
the appropriate committee. No bills shall be withdrawn from the 



46 Legislative Department 

committee to which referred except upon motion duly made and 
carried by ;t majority vote. 

53. The Clerk of the House shall keep a separate calendar of the 
public, local, and private bills, and shall number them in the order 
in which they are introduced, and all bills shall be disposed of in 
the order they stand upon the Calendar; but the Committee on 
Hull's may at any time arrange the order of precedence in which 
bills may be considered. No bill shall be twice read on the same 
day without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members. 

."»4. All resolutions which may grant money out of the Treasury, 
or such as shall lie of public nature, shall be treated in all respects 
in a similar manner with public bills. 

55. The Clerk of the House shall be deemed to continue in office 
until another is appointed. 

56. On the point of no quorum being raised, the doors shall be 
closed and there shall be a call of the House, and upon a call of the 
House the names of the members shall be called over by the Clerk 
and the absentees noted, after which the names of the absentees 
shall again be called over. Those for whom no excuse or sufficient 
excuses are made may by order of those present, if fifteen in num- 
ber, be taken into custody as they appear, or may be sent for and 
taken into custody wherever to be found by special messenger ap- 
pointed for that purpose. 

Previous Question 

57. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?*' and. until it is decided, shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill, 
resolution, or other matter under consideration but when amend- 
ments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such amend- 
ments, in inverse order, without further debate or amendment. If 
such question be decided in the negative, the main question shall be 
considered as remaining under debate : Provided, that no one shall 
move the previous question except the member submitting the report 
on the bill or other matter under consideration, and the member 
introducing the bill or other matter under consideration, or the 
member in charge of the measure, who shall be designated by the 
chairman of the committee reporting the same to the House at the 



Rules of House of Representatives 47 

time the bill or other matter under consideration is reported to the 
House or taken up for consideration. 

When a motion for the previous question is made, and pending the 
second thereto by a majority, debate shall cease; but it' any member 
obtains the floor, he may move to lay the matter under consideration 
on the table, or move an adjournment, and when both or either of 
these motions are pending the question shall stand : 

(1) Previous question. 

(2) To adjourn. 

(3) To lay on the table. 

And then upon the main question, or amendments, m- the motion 
to postpone indefinitely, postpone to a day certain, to commit, or' 
amend, in the order of their precedence, until the main question is 
reached or disposed of; but after the previous question lias been 
called by a majority, no motion, or amendment, or debate shall be 
in order. 

All motions below the motions to lay on the table must be made 
prior to a motion for the previous question: but, pending and not 
after the second therefor, by the majority of the House, a motion to 
adjourn or lay on the table, or both, are in order. This constitutes 
the precedence of the motions to adjourn and lay on the table over 
other motions, in Rule 25. 

Motions stand as follows in order of precedence in Rule 26: 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone definitely. 
To commit or amend. 

When the previous question is called, all motions below it fall, 
unless made prior to the call, and all motions above it tall after it- 
second by a majority required. Pending the second, the motions to 
adjourn and lay on the table are in order, but not after a second. 
When in order and every motion is before the House, the question 
stands as follows : 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone indefinitely. 



48 Legislative Department 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit. 

Amendment to amendment. 

Amendment. 

Substitute. 

Bill. 

The previous question covers all other motions when seconded by 
a majority of the House, and proceeds by regular graduation to the 
main question, without debate, amendment, or motion, until such 
question is reached or disposed of. 

58. All committees, other than the Committee on Appropriations, 
•when favorably reporting any hill which carries an appropriation 
from the State, shall indicate same in the report, and said bill shall 
he re-referred to the Committee on Appropriations for a further 
report before being acted upon by the House. All committees, other 
than the Committee on Finance, when favorably reporting any bill 
which in any way or manner raises revenue or levies a tax or au- 
thorizes the issue of bonds or notes, whether public, public-local, or 
private, shall indicate same in the report, and said bill shall be re- 
referred to the Committee on Finance for a further report before 
being acted upon by the House. 

59. The Principal Clerk, the Engrossing Clerk, and the Sergeant- 
at-Arms may appoint, with the approval of the Speaker, such assist- 
ants as may be necessary to the efficient discharge of the duties of 
their various offices, and one or more of whom may be assigned by 
the Speaker from the Engrossing Clerk's office to the office of the 
Legislative Reference Librarian for the purpose of drafting bills. 

60. The Speaker may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, and he may 
also appoint ten pages to wait upon the sessions of the House, and 
when the pressure of business may require, he may appoint five 
additional pages. 

61. The Chairman of each of the following committees, Appropria- 
tions. Counties. Cities and Towns. Education. Finance, and Roads, 
may each appoint a clerk to the said committees; and the chairmen 
of Judiciary Committee. No. 1. and of Judiciary Committee, No. 2. 
may jointly appoint a clerk to serve both of said committees ; and 
the chairmen of Agriculture and Banks and Banking may jointly 
appoint a clerk to serve both of said committees : and the chairmen 
of Propositions and Grievances and Insurance may jointly appoint 
a clerk to serve both of said committees : and the chairmen of Sal- 



Rules of House of Representatives 49 

aries and Fees and Courts and Judicial Districts may jointly appoinl 
a clerk to servo both of said committees. All committee clerks here- 
tofore provided for are to be appointed by and with the approval 
of the Speaker. All committee clerks after being named as provided 
by this rule shall he subject to assignments by the chairman of the 
Iiules Committee when they are not engaged with the committee or 
committees to which they have been regularly assigned. 

(!'_'. That no clerk, laborer, or other person employed or appointed 
under Rules 59, 60, and 61 hereof shall receive during such employ- 
ment, appointment, or service any compensation from any other 
department of the State Government, or from any other source, and 
there shall not be voted, paid, or awarded any additional pay, bonus 
or gratuity to any of them, but said persons shall receive only the 
pay for such duties and services as now provided by law. When the 
House is not in session the pages shall be under the supervision of 
the Principal Clerk. 

63. The chairman and live other members of any committee shall 
constitute a quorum of said committee for the transaction of busi- 
ness. 

<i4. The Committee on the Journal shall examine daily the Journal 
of the House before the hour of convening, and report after the 
opening of the House whether or not the proceedings of the previous 
day have been correctly recorded. 

65. When a bill shall be reported by a committee with a recom- 
mendation that it be not passed, but accompanied by a minority 
report, the question before the House shall be "The adoption of the 
minority report." and it failing to be adopted by a majority vote, 
the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. Such minority 
report shall be signed by at least three members of the committee 
who were present when the bill was considered in committee: Pro 
ri/hd. however, that where a minority report is tiled the proponents 
and opponents of the question presented thereby shall he allowed not 
to exceed ten minutes on each side to explain the question: Pro- 
vided further, that by a majority vote the time may he extended for 
a discussion of the minority report and on the merits of the bill. 
In the event there is an unfavorable report with no minority report 
accoinpan.vin.n- it, the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable cal- 
endar. To take a bill from the unfavorable calendar, a two-thirds 
vote shall he necessary. 



50 Legislative Department 

65a. A bill from the unfavorable calendar shall not be debatable, 

lmr the movant may make a brief and concise statemenl of the rea- 
sons for the motion before making the motion, taking not more than 
five minutes. 

6G. Whenever a public bill is introduced a carbon copy thereof 
shall accompany the l'ill. The Reading Clerk shall stamp the copy 
with the number stamped upon the original bill. Such copy shall 
be daily delivered to the joint committee hereinafter provided for. 

The Principal Clerk shall deliver the carbon copy of the bills desig- 
nated to be printed, as hereinafter provided for, to the Public Printer 
and cause four hundred copies thereof to be printed. On the morning 
following the delivery of the printed copies the Chief clerk shall 
cause the chief page to have one copy thereof put upon the desk of 
each member and shall retain the other printed copies in his office. 
A sufficient number of the printed copies for the use of the com- 
mittee to which the bill is referred shall be by the chief page de- 
livered to the chairman or clerk of that committee. If the bill is 
passed, the remaining copies shall be by the chief page delivered to 
the Principal Clerk of the Senate for the use of the Senate. The 
cost of printing shall be paid from the contingent fund of the House 
of Representatives. The Chairman of the Rules Committee of the 
House and the Chairman of the Rules Committee of the Senate shall 
appoint a sub-committee consisting of two members of the House 
and two members of the Senate from the body of the House and 
Senate, and such chairmen shall notify the Principal Clerk of the 
House and of the Senate who has been so appointed. Such sub- 
committee shall meet daily and examine the carbon copies of the 
public bills introduced and determine which of such public bills 
shall be printed and which shall not, and stamp the copies accord- 
ingly. Such sub-committee shall serve for one week unless for good 
cause the chairmen of the respective' rules committees shall deter- 
mine otherwise. If the member introducing a public bill, which the 
committee shall determine should not be printed, so desires, he may 
appear before the committee at the next meeting thereof with refer- 
ence thereto. 

G7. Whenever any resolution or bill is introduced a carbon copy 
thereof shall be attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall cause 
said carbon copy to be numbered as the original resolution or bill 
is numbered, and shall cause the same to be available at all times 



Rules of House of Representatives 51 

to the member introducing the same. In case the resolution or bill 
is a public resolution or bill, an additional carbon copy shall also be 
attached thereto for the use of the Public Printer, under the pro- 
visions of Rule 6G. 

ARTICLE II 

Constitution of North Carolina 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon power of General Assembly to enact 

private or special legislation. 

The General Assembly shall not pass any local, private, or special 
act or resolution relating to the establishment of courts inferior to 
the Superior Court; relating to the appointment of justices of the 
peace; relating to health, sanitation, and the abatement of nuisances; 
changing the names of cities, towns, and townships: authorizing the 
laying out, opening, altering, maintaining, or discontinuing of high- 
ways, streets, or alleys; relating to ferries or bridges, relating to 
non-navigable streams; relating to cemeteries; relating to the pay 
of jurors; erecting new townships, or changing township lines, or 
establishing or changing the line of school districts; remitting lines. 
penalties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into the 
Public Treasury; regulating labor, trade, mining, or manufacturing ; 
extending the time for the assessment or collection of taxes or other- 
wise relieving any collector of taxes from the due performance of his 
official duties or his sureties from liability; giving effect to informal 
wills and deeds; nor shall the General Assembly enact any such 
local, private, or special act by the partial repeal of :i general law, 
but the General Assembly may at any time repeal local, private, or 
special laws enacted by it. Any local, private or special act or 
resolution passed in violation of the provisions of this section shall 
be void. The General Assembly shall have power to pass general 
laws regulating matters set out in this section. 



:.i' 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE OF 
REPRESENTATIVES 



Agriculture Mr. Eagles, Chairman; Messrs. Andrews. Aberuathy, 
Alspaugh, Barbee, Blounl of Pitt, Carr, Dowtin, Falkner. Fenner, 
Garrell, Lee, McCall, McEachern, Rasberry, Spruill, Taylor, Thome. 
Yiinii, Warren, Williams of Hyde, Bryan, Warden. 

Appropriations— Mr. Bryant, Chairman; Messrs. Harris. Aber- 
nathy, Andrews. Bean, Bailey, Bowk'. Bryson, Carr. Cherry. Cook, 
Cooper. Craig, Dees. Ervin, Gardner, Gray, Hoyle, Mrs. Hutchins, 
Howard. Jones, Lindsey, McEachern, Taylor. Sink. Spruill. Sentelle, 
Taleni. Thompson of Wake. Thomas of Anson, Taylor. Ward. White. 
Wade. Wilson. Brock, Jonas. Pickens. 

Banks and Banking — Mr. Lumpkin. Chairman: Messrs. Eagles, 
Aberuathy, Barbee, Blount of Pitt. Bailey. Cooper, Cone, Crabtree, 
Davis. Farrell, Fenner. Falkner. Garrell, Henry. Kendrick. Mitchell, 
Morphew. O'Berry, Pickens. Sherard. Thome. Vaiin. Wade. Ward. 
Williams of Pasquotank, Bowers. 

Commercial Fisheries — Mr. Taylor. Chairman; Messrs. Wade. 
Brown. Bender. Dees. Davis. Hobbs, Rouse, Sparger, Sentelle. Tatem. 
White. Williams of Hyde. Williams of Pasquotank. Wilson. Kelly, 
Blount of Beaufort. 

Congressional Districts — Mr. Ervin. Chairman; Messrs. Palmer. 
Barker. Blount of Beaufort, Crabtree, Day. Gray, Sentelle. Warden, 
Crave r. 

Conservation and Development — Mr. Ward. Chairman: Messrs. 
Lindsey, Blount of Beaufort, Barker. Bean. Cook. Davis. Fenner. 
Garrett, Harris. Hoyle. Hobbs, Meekins. Moody. McQueen. Morphew, 
McCall. Stevens. Stone. Stell, Sink. Taylor. Tonissen, Wade. Wil- 
liams of Pasquotank, Sprinkle. 

Constitutional Amendments — Mr. Bowie, Chairman: Messrs. Har- 
ris. Day. Farrell. Hoyle. McDonald. Moody. Norwood. Bay. Stone. 
Thompson of Wake. Thomas of Harnett. Williams of Hyde. Jonas. 

Corporations — Mr. Williams of Pasquotank, Chairman: Messrs. 
Cone. Bailey, Day. Garrell, Garrett. Hobbs, Horton, Pickens. Thomas 
of Anson, Thomas of Harnett. Cloud. Hyde, Head. 



Committees of the House 53 

Counties. Cities, and Towns — Mr. Vann, Chairman; Messrs. Bean. 
Brown. Bryson, Bender. Blount of Beaufort, Clegg, Crabtree, Davis, 
Farrell, Fenner, Gibson, Cray. Hauser, Henry, Kendrick, Leggett, 
McEachern, McQueen. Page, Palmer, Ray. Rasberry, Spruill, Thomas 
of Harnett. Wilson, Wade. Woodall, Bryan. 

Courts and Judicial Districts — Mr. Rouse. Chairman; Messrs. 
Barker, Bowie. Cross. Clegs, Day. Ervin, Gray, Gardner, Garrett, 
Horton. Lumpkin. McQueen. Paylor, Royster, Sullivan, Ragan. 

Drainage — Mr. Wade, Chairman: Messrs. McCall, Andrews. Bailey, 
Dowtin, Douglass. Hobbs, Norwood, Stell, Klutz. 

Education — Mr. Harris. Chairman; Messrs. McEachern, Barbee. 
Barnes. Cooper, Day. Funderburk, Gibson. Hatcher. Horton. Howard. 
Henry, Mrs. Hutchins, Jones. Kendrick. Lindsey. McCall, McDonald, 
Rouse. Pickens. Stevens. Scholl, Sink. Sentellc. Swift, Sparger, 
Thompson of Wake. Thomas of Anson. Thomas of Harnett. Zickler, 
Peterson. 

Elections and Election T.,aws — Mr. Sparger, Chairman: Messrs. 
Sullivan. Andrews. Bean. Bowie, Davis. Dees. Dobson, Gardner. 
Jones. Lindsey, Lumpkin. Morphew, Palmer. Paylor. Ray. Sherard, 
Vann. Jonas. Swift. 

Engrossed Bills — Mr. Hatcher. Chairman: Messrs. McQueen. 
Barnes. Hoyle. Jones, Mitchell. Palmer. Royster, Swift. Thorne, 
Thomas of Harnett. Wilson. Hyde. 

Expenditures of the House — Mr. Garrell, Chairman: .Messrs. Tonis- 
sen, Andrews. Abernathy, Brown, Ervin. Howard. Scholl. Thompson 
of Robeson, Wilson. Craver. 

Federal Relations — Mr. Kendricks. Chairman: Messrs. Hobbs, 
Dowtin. Falkner. Funderburk. Horton. Jones, McCall. Norwood. 
Pickens, Stell, Thompson of Wake, Ragan. 

Finance — Mr. Cherry. Chairman; Messrs. Harris. Barbee, Barker, 
Blount of Pitt, Bryant, Cone. Dobson, Eagles, Fenner. Garrell. Henry. 
Hobbs, Johnston. Lumpkin. Lee. Meekins, Morphew, McDonald, Mc- 
Eachern, O'Berry, Palmer. Royster, Rouse. Sherard. Sparger. Stone. 
Sullivan. Tonissen, Thompson of Robeson, Uzzell, Vann. Williams 
of Pasquotank, Kelly. Sprinkle. 

Came — Mr. Lindsey. Chairman; Messrs. Taylor. Alspaugh, Blount 
of Beaufort, Davis. Dobson, Gardner, Garrett. Hatcher. Horton, 



54 Legislative Department 

McEachern, Morphew, McQueen, Moody, Meekins, Royster, Stevens. 
Stell. Uzzell, Vann, Williams of Pasquotank, Ward, Wade. Bowers. 

Health — Dr. Carr, Chairman; Messrs. Howard, Bryson, Brown, 
Crabtree, Douglass. Farrell, Funderburk, Hauser, Henry, Mrs. Hutch- 
ins. Mitchell, Swift, Tonissen, Williams of Hyde, Woodall, cloud. 
Peterson. 

Insane Asylums — Mr. Andrews, Chairman ; Messrs. Stevens. Carr. 
Dowtin, Hatcher. O'Berry. Page, Rasberry, Spruill, Thompson of 
Robeson, Warren, White. Hyde. Klutz. 

Institutions for the Blind — Mr. Henry. Chairman; Messrs. Ras- 
berry, Carr. Cross, Kendrick, Leggett, Royster, Thorne, W T oodall, 
Kelly. Bryan. 

Institutions for the Deaf and Dumb — Mr. Palmer. Chairman: 
Messrs. Bryson. Bailey, Cooper. Hatcher. Henry. Lee. McEachern, 
Kay. Thorne, Bryan, Head. 

Insurance — Mr. Gardner, Chairman; Messrs. Sherard, Alspaugh, 
Barker. Bean, Bryant, Cook, Cone, Dobson, Funderburk. Garrett. 
Gibson, Hatcher, Johnston, Meekins. McDonald, O'Berry. Pickens, 
Stone, Tonissen, Wade. Hyde. Peterson. 

The Journal — Mr. Cooper, Chairman ; Messrs. Stone. Bean. Brown. 
Dees, Falkner. Sentelle. Swift, Thompson of Wake. Thompson of 
Robeson. Williams of Pasquotank, Brock. 

Judiciary, Xo. 1 — Mr. Morphew, Chairman; Messrs. Dees. Aber- 
nathy, Barnes, Bowie. Bryant, Bender. Blount of Beaufort. Cherry. 
Ervin, Garrett, Gardner, Hatcher, Hoyle, Lumpkin, McQueen. Pay- 
lor, Kay. Rouse. Thomas of Anson, Uzzell. Williams of Hyde. Jonas, 
Klutz, Hyde. 

Judiciary, Xo. 2 — Mr. Sullivan, Chairman: Messrs. Barker, Craig, 
Cross. Clegg. Day. Funderburk, Gray, Horton, Jones. Meekins, 
Moody, Norwood, Palmer. Pickens. Royster, Sentelle, Scholl. Sparger, 
Ward, White, Cloud. Bowers, Brock. 

Manufactures and Labor — Mr. Cone. Chairman; Messrs. Stone, 
Blount of Pitt, Cook. Fenner. Gardner. Harris. Horton, Kendrick, 
Sherard, Thomas of Harnett. Graver, McDonald, Lee. Uzzell. Bryant. 

Military Affairs — Mr. Johnston. Chairman; Messrs. Blount of 
Beaufort, Alspaugh, Barnes, Cook, Craig. Cherry, Davis. Hatcher, 
Scholl, Hyde. 



Committees of the Hoim 55 

Oyster Industry — Mr. Hobbs, Chairman: Messrs. Bender, Brown, 
Cross, Dees, Garrell, McQueen. Rasberry, Stell, Spruill, William- of 
Hyde. Kelly. 

Penal Institutions — Mr. Sentelle, Chairman ; Messrs. Blounl of 
Pitt, Cooper, Douglass, Gibson, Lee, Leggett, Page, Sink. Swift, 
Zickler, Peterson. 

Pensions — Mr. Bryson, Chairman; Messrs. Bender. Barker, l'alk- 
ner, Garrell. Hauser, Page. Rasberry, Sink. Taylor, Warden, Ragan. 

Propositions and drievances — Mr. McKaehern. Chairman; Messrs. 
Day, Blount of Beaufort. Bender, Bryson, Cook, Cone, Craig, Cross, 
Dowtin, Funderburk. Gibson, Hauser. Hatcher, Horton, Leggett, 
Mitchell, Moody, Stevens, Warren. Warden, White, Woodall, Zickler. 
Sprinkle. 

Public Utilities — Mr. Uzzell, Chairman: Messrs. Blounl of Beau- 
fort, Cone, Dobson, Gibson, Mitchell, Moody. O'Berry, Scholl, Sher- 
ard, Sink, Tatem, Thomas of Anson, Bowers. 

Public Welfare — Mrs. Hutchins, Chairman; Messrs. Howard. 
Abernathy, Bryson. Barbee, Blount of Pitt, Clegg, Cooper, Dobson, 
Farrell, Garrett, Hobbs. Harris. Lee. Lindsey, McCall, O'Berry, 
Paylor, Rouse, Ray. Scholl. Thompson of Robeson. Tatem, Uzzell, 
Woodall, Wilson, Williams of Pasquotank, Ragan, Head. Mitchell. 

Roads — Mr. Tatem. Chairman: Messrs. Vann, Alspaugb, Bryson, 
Crabtree, Cross, Cooper, Davis. Eagles, Fenner, Gardner, I la iris. 
Horton, Johnston, Lee. McCall, Page, Rasberry, House. Stevens. 
Sherard, Stone, Stell. Taylor, Tonissen, Thompson of Robeson. War- 
ren. Williams of Hyde. "Wilson, Williams of Pasquotank, Kelly, Carr. 

Rules — Mr. Thomas of Anson. Chairman; Messrs. Harris, Bryant, 
Cherry. Dees, Eagles. Gardner, Jones, Lumpkin. Morphew, McEach- 
ern, Rouse, Sullivan Tatem, Taylor, Uzzell, Vann. 

Salaries and Fees — Mr. Bean, Chairman: Messrs. Falkner, Aber- 
nathy, Alspaugb. Barnes, Crabtree. Day. Douglass. Dowtin. Funder- 
burk, Gibson, Johnston. Kendrick, Leggett. Mitchell. Norwood, Swift, 
Warden, Warren, Woodall, Zickler, Cloud, Hyde. Head. 

Senatorial Districts — Mi". Dees, Chairman: Messrs. Carr, Ervin, 
Johnston, Morphew. Baylor. Sparger, Vann, Ward, Sprinkle. 



56 Legislative Department 

JOINT COMMITTEES 

Enrolled Bills- Mr. While. Chairman; Messrs. Abernathy, Clegg, 
Dowtin, Douglass, Mrs. Hutchins, Leggett, Moody, Tonissen, Uzzell, 
( !raver, Hyde. 

Jttstices of the Peace -Mr. Jones, Chairman; Messrs. Andrews. 
Barnes, Douglass, Dowtin, Hauser, Norwood. O'Berry, Warden, 
('loud. Ragan. 

Library — Mr. Thompson of Wake, Chairman; Messrs. Barbee, 
Crabtree, Douglass, Farrell, Garrett, Hoyle, Mrs. Hutchins. Mitchell, 
Klutz, Head. 

Printing Mr. Sink. Chairman; Messrs. Cook. Alspaugh. Brown. 
Clegg. Eagles, Cray. Mitchell, McDonald, Thorne. Zickler, Cloud, 
Brock. 

Public Buildings and Grounds — Mr. Hauser, Chairman; Messrs. 
Moody, Bryant, Craig, Hoyle. McQueen. Meekins, Page, Sprui.ll, 

Warden. White. Hyde. 

Trustee* of the University — Mr. Barbee, Chairman; Messrs. Bry- 
ant, Bowie, Craig. Eagles. Fenner, Howard. Harris, Morphew, Mc- 
Donald, Pickens. Thomas of Anson. Ward. Warren. Brock. 



PART II 



NEW STATE BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



1. Building ('ode Council. 

2. State Board of Cosmetic Art Examiners. 
.">. State Board of Housing. 

4. North Carolina State Thrift Society. 

5. State Board of Law Examiners. 

6. State School Commission. 

7. State Highway and Public Works Commission. 

8. Utilities Commission. 



59 



BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 



Chapter 392, P. L. 1933. 

Composition — Five members: One architect, one general con- 
tractor, one structural engineer, one plumbing and heating contrac- 
tor, one representative of organized labor. 

Personnel — Walter W. Hook. Charlotte; Gen. W. Kane, Durham; 
Prof. Harry Tucker, West Raleigh; R. R. Lawrence. Winston-Salem; 
W. H. Sullivan. Greensboro, 
i ppomtment — By Governor. 

Term — Five years. 

Compensation — Five dollars per day and actual traveling expenses. 

Function — To draft a state building code in co-operation with the 
Insurance ( ommissioner. 



STATE BOARD OF COSMETIC ART EXAMINERS 



Chapter 179. P. L. 1933. 
Secretary 

Composition — Three members. 

Personnel — Arthur T. Ritchie. Asheville ; L. L. Smithey. Eteids- 
ville; Mrs. Anne Laurie Nichols. 

Appointment — By Governor. 

Term — Three years. 

Compensation — Seven dollars and fifty cents per diem and ex- 
penses. 

Qualifications — Experienced cosmetologist who has followed the 
practice of cosmetic art for live years preceding appointment. 

Function — To conduct examinations for certificate of registration 
to practice as registered cosmetologists and apprentices, not less 
than three times each year. 



60 

STATE BOARD OF HOUSING 



chapter 384, P. L. lit::::. 
S( rri tary 

Composition Five members: Chairman, vice-chairman, and secre- 
tary, to be chosen from members. 

Personnel II. W. Courtney, Lenoir; M. Eugene Grissom. Durham; 
J. A. Jones. Charlotte: J. M. Broughton, Raleigh; John N. Hackney, 
Wilson. 

Appointment — By the Governor. 

Term — Four years. 

Compensation — Traveling and necessary expenses chargeable to 
Housing ( 'orporation. 

Function — Supervise and regulate approval of housing projects; 
investigate housing corporations organized under the act; study 
housing conditions; fix rental and purchase prices. 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE THRIFT SOCIETY 



Chapters 385 and 481. P. L. V.X>:>. 

Composition — Sixteen directors: ex officio. State Treasurer, Super- 
intendent Public Instruction. President N. C. Bankers Association. 
President University of North Carolina, and twelve members from 
business, financial, and educational interests of State. 

Personnel — Mrs. Julius Cone. Greensboro: Howard Rondthaler, 
Winston-Salem ; Francis F. Bradshaw. Chapel Hill ; Dr. Thurman 
Kitchin. Wake Forest: K. R. Curtis. Wilson: John Sprunt Hill. Dur- 
ham: Julius G. Adams. Asheville : Curtis R. Johnson. Charlotte; 
Paul P. Brown. Raleigh; R. C. deR'osset. Raleigh: Lionel Weil, 
Goldsboro : Felix Grissette, Chapel Hill. The State Treasurer is the 
treasurer and depository of the funds. A president, cashier, secre- 
tary, and auditor shall he elected by the board. 



Board of Law Examiners (31 

Term — Four years. 

Compensation — No expense of any nature nor liability of any kind 
shall rest on the State. 

FUNCTION 

To receive deposits of funds of children and others attending 
public schools or colleges in connection with instruction in thrift and 
the principles, practice and advantages of saving to be approved by 
the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. The society may 
acquire and sell real estate and receive gifts to be applied to its 
corporate purposes. The society may lend its funds for not more 
than one year at a time to students in any institution of higher 
learning in this State on the note of the borrower with two co-makers 
as sureties. Other funds not required for student loans may be 
invested in obligations of the United States Government or of the 
State of North Carolina. 



BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS 



Section 10, Chapter 210, P. L. 1933. 

Composition — Seven members. 

Personnel — One member Supreme Court selected by the Court. 
Geo. B. Greene. Kinston ; H. G. Hedrick, Durham; J. G. Merrimon, 
Asheville; Chas. W. Tillett. Jr.. Charlotte: L. R. Varser, Lumberton ; 
Ben T. Ward. Greensboro. 

Election — By the Council of the North Carolina State Bar. 

Term — Three years. 

Qualifications — Member of the North Carolina State Bar. 

Compensation — Not exceeding $50 for each examination and ex- 
penses; not exceeding £4 per day for subsistence besides traveling 
expenses. 

Function — To examine applicants and provide rules and regula- 
tions for admission to the Bar. 



62 

STATE SCHOOL COMMISSION 



( 'omposition — Fifteen members. 

Personnel — The Governor, the Lieutenant-Governor, the State 
Treasurer, and the State Superintendent of Public Instruction are 
named by the General Assembly in the school machinery act. One 
member from each of the congressional districts is appointed by the 
Governor. 

Term — Two years from date of appointment, May 23. lit:::;. 

Compensation — Seven dollars per diem and expenses, as limited 
by the State budget laws, and provision for no member to receive a 
total of more than $1,000 per year after the first year following its 
organization. 

The school machinery act of 1933, creating the Commission, con- 
ferred upon it all the powers and duties heretofore exercised by the 
State Board of Equalization and. in addition, certain specific duties 
pertaining to the administration of the $16,000,000 State public school 
fund. The Commission was made responsible for the apportionment 
of this fund to the several administrative units for school operating 
purposes and to supervise its expenditure to the end that all schools 
of the State might be operated in the most economical and efficient 
manner possible for an eight months term. In general, the Commis- 
sion has functioned as the State's financial agent in the field of 
public school operation and has supervised and controlled the finan- 
cial affairs of the State's public school system. In doing this there 
are listed below some of the primary duties undertaken. 

A — To redistrict each county into a convenient number of districts 
for the economical administration and operation of the public schools. 

B — To classify certain school districts as city administrative units. 

C — To determine the districts in which high schools are to be 
operated. 

D — To establish a teaching load basis and allot teachers to each of 
the school districts accordingly. 

E — Jointly with the State Board of Education to determine and 
fix a State salary schedule for teachers and principals. 

F — To establish rules and regulations governing the cost of all 
items pertaining to the operation of the schools and to make allot- 
ments covering the same. 



State Highway and Public Works Commission 63 

G— To have control and management of all facilities for transpor- 
tation of public school children. 

H — To approve the supplementary budgets, as submitted by the 

county authorities, providing for the expenditure of local funds sup- 
plementary to State funds. 



STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS 
COMMISSION 



Chapter 172. P. L. 1933. 

Composition — Chairman and six members. 

Personnel — E. B. Jeffress, Chairman. Raleigh; Charles Wlied 
Hertford: W. C. Woodard. Rocky Mount; Luther Hodges. Leaks- 
ville-Spray; James A. Hardison, YVadesboro ; Ross M. Siginon. Salis- 
bury; Frank W. Miller, Waynesville; Assistant Chairman, Capus 
M. Waynick, High Point. 

Appointment — By Governor. 

Term — Four Years. 

Compensation — Chairman. $6,000; Commissioners. $7 per diem: 
Assistant Chairman. $5,000. 

State highway work in North Carolina began in 1915 and was 
conducted as an aid to the counties until 1921. when an independent 
State highway system was organized, and the entire responsibility 
for the construction and maintenance of that system was placed 
under the State. The work continued on that basis until 1931, when 
the Commission was reorganized and its duties enlarged to include 
all public toads, and the counties were entirely relieved of all re- 
sponsibility in relation both to maintenance and construction. The 
care and custody of all county prisoners was likewise turned over 
te the Star.' in 1931. 

The Commission was again reorganized and its duties enlarged 
in 1933 .when all prisoners, both State as well as county, were placed 
under its control. The Commission now has the custody of approxi- 
mately 8.000 prisoners and about 60.000 miles of highways. 

The State is divided into live divisions, witli a division engineer 
directly in charge of each, and each division is again divided into 
five districts, with a district engineer in charge of each. The com- 
missioners are not chosen by district but are commissioners at la rue 



64 New Boards and Commissions 

All gasoline and motor vehicle taxes are paid into the State Treas- 
ury and credited to the State Highway Fund, and out of this fund 
the Genera] Assembly makes a biennial appropriation for the oper- 
ating expenses of the Commission, specifying the amount that can be 
expended for maintenance and construction. Any surplus of highway 
revenue uol covered by the appropriation remains in the State Treas- 
ury, subject to action by the next General Assembly. 



UTILITIES COMMISSION 

Chapter 134, P. L. 1933 



Stanley W i n borne. Com m issioner 
F. W. Haxft, F. L. Skkly. Associate Commissioners 

The Utilities Commission became an arm of the State Government 
on January 1, lb,'!4. succeeding to all the functions and powers vested 
in the Corporation Commission, wtih its three commisioners, which 
was abolished by Chapter 134, Public Laws of 1933. 

The act provided for the appointment of a Utilities Commissioner 
by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate for a term 
of one year and for his election at the 1934 general election for a 
term of four years, with provisions for subsequent elections. 

The act also provided for the appointment of two Associate Com- 
missioners to be appointed by the Governor, with the advice and con- 
sent of the Senate, one of whom was to hold office for one year, the 
other for a period of two years. These Associate Commissioners only 
act in their official capacity when called upon by the Commissioner to 
sit with him for the purpose of hearing and determining controver- 
sial matters. The pay of the Associates is $25 per day and actual 
expenses while engaged in said hearings, the total amount not to 
exceed S1.S00 per annum. 

The Utilities Commission is vested with all necessary powers to 
require and compel any public utility or public service corporation. 
designated by the Act. to provide and furnish to the citizens of the 
State reasonable service of the kind it undertakes to furnish and fix 
and regulate the reasonable rates and charges to be made to the 
citizens of the State. 



Utilities Commission 65 

I'tilities coming under the jurisdiction of the Commission are: 
Railroads, street railways, steamboats, canals, express and sleep- 
ing car companies, and all persons, tirms or corporations engaged in 
the carrying of freight or passengers or otherwise engaged as com- 
mon carriers ; telephone and telegraph companies and all other com- 
panies engaged in the transmission of messages, and all firms and 
individuals owning or operating telephone or telegraph lines in the 
State: electric light, power, water, and gas companies, and corpora- 
tions, other than such as are municipally owned or conducted, and 
all other companies, corporations, or individuals engaged in furnish- 
ing electricity, electric light current, power, or in transmitting or 
selling the same or producing the same from the water courses of 
the State ; water power and hydroelectric companies or corporations 
now deemed to lie public service companies: flume companies, cor- 
porations, other than municipal corporations, or individuals owning 
or operating sewerage systems in the State. 



PART III 



PLATFORMS AND POLITICAL PARTIES 1934 



1. State Democratic Platform. 

2. State Republican Platform. 



REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM 



Adopted at Charlotte. April 4, 1!>.; l 

The Republican party of North Carolina, in convention assembled, 
adopts and promulgates this platform as a declaration of its prin- 
ciples and purposes, and goes before the people of the State in the 
general election to be held on November 6, 1934. with the definite 
pledge that, if entrusted with power, it will enact these principles 
and pledges into law : 

STATE AFFAIRS 

Taxation. — We hold as a fact proven by all history that any gov- 
ernment which collects vast sums from the people in taxes and 
spends the same according to the whims of its politicians and bene- 
ficiaries will speedily become a corrupt government, and will destroy 
the liberty of the individual ; that its officers will become dictatorial, 
insolent and oppressive ; that it will create favored classes and 
favored families, and that it will reduce its toiling masses to serf- 
dom. We further hold as a fact that a multiplicity of office holders, 
Federal. State, county and municipal, is contrary to the genius of a 
free and self-governing people, and ought not to be tolerated. There- 
fore we pledge the Republican party to the performance of the fol- 
lowing propositions : 

(1) To decentralize the State government at Raleigh ami return 
the government to the people in their proper governmental units; 
to the abolition of the numerous and unnecessary bureaus, boards, 
and commissions that have been set up mainly for the benefit of 
politicians and their lieutenants; to take the State government out 
of business and industry and to stop its intermeddling with legiti- 
mate business and industry: and thus, in part, save to the people 
the present enormous and scandalous cost of government. 

( 1' l To determine beforehand the amount of revenue obtainable 
by just taxes and then ullage expenditures to come within that 
amount. 

(.*!i We deplore the fact that the extravagance and mismanage- 
ment of the Democratic party has brought about the enactment of a 
sales tax law. and we condemn the manner and methods in which 
it is being administered, and we believe that by strict economy and 
the elimination of useless office holders ii can be dispensed with 



i Political Platforms 

withoul increasing our tax burdens on lands or impairing our school 
system. 

(4 1 To reduce the price of private passenger automobile license 
plates to $5 each. 

Highways 

We know that this State is too pom- and is too sorely burdened 
with taxes now to permit any further highway construction in the 
immediate future. Therefore the Republican party will, if entrusted 
with power : 

(1) Discontinue all highway construction until the State has paid 
for the highways already constructed. 

(2) Keep in good repair the highways already constructed, at 
cost of the State. 

(3) Apply all revenue derived from gasoline tax and license plates 
to the payment of bonds issued and outstanding for highway con- 
struction, and the proper maintenance of the highways. 

Education 

We hold that a free people, to remain free, must be a thinking 
people : and. to be truly progressive, must be an educated people. 
But we also hold these facts are self-evident : 

(1) That the free school is a necessity in a free government. 

(2) That the educational system of the State should not be a 
political spoils system, and should not be a part of a political party's 
patronage. 

Therefore we pledge the Republican party, if entrusted with power, 
to take the educational system out of politics ; to give preference, 
all things being equal, to North Carolinians, graduates of North 
Carolina colleges, for employment as teachers ; to make character 
and qualification, rather than political party alignment, the neces- 
sary requisites for teachers employed; to create an educational sys- 
tem that will have regard to the individual talent of pupils ; to 
require the teaching of morals, obedience to law. respect for proper 
authority, and a love for our country and its institutions and his- 
tory ; in short, to give to this State an educational system that will 
put some soul into our civilization ; to abandon numerous unneces- 
sary expenses connected with the schools: to eliminate the expense 
of the centralized administration of the school system: to see that 
all taxes and all moneys collected for school purposes shall be spent 



Republican State Platform 71 

on the schools and not on politicians; to pay the teachers reasonable 
salaries for efficient work, and to provide safe 1ms transportation 
for pupils where such transportation is absolutely necessary. 

Liquor 

We pledge the Republican party to the people of this State, if 
entrusted with power, that the sale of intoxicating liquors shall not 
be legalized in North Carolina, and to make an honest effort to drive 
every bootlegger from the State. Bootlegging can be effectually 
suppressed in North Carolina by the election and employment of 
officers who desire to uphold the law and have the courage to yield 
neither to temptation nor fear of the bootlegger. And we further 
pledge ourselves to demand that the Federal Government shall pro- 
tect this State from the importation of liquor into its borders, so 
long as it remains dry, as guaranteed by the Twenty-first Amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States. 

Elections and Election Law s 

Frequent, fair and honest elections are necessary in a self-govern- 
ing state, to prevent tyranny and to promote respect for government. 
The election laws in this State are unfair to the minority, and their 
administration by the majority is often inexcusable and indefen- 
sible. The expense of elections in this State is unwarrantably high. 
Therefore the Republican party pledges itself to the people, if en- 
trusted with power, that it will provide for and require fair and 
honest elections : 

(1) By the appointment of a registrar for each political party in 
each precinct, and one judge of election. 

(2) By requiring the registration of voters to be kept constantly 
up to date, so that "repeaters" cannot vote under the names of 
strangers and dead persons. 

i .". » By the repeal of the absentee voters ballot law. 

(4) By reducing the costs of elections, and 

(5) By requiring each political party which conducts a primary 
for the nomination of candidates for office to pay the expenses of 
such primary. 



72 Political Platforms 

Transportation 

When the people of this State built their system of highways they 
• lid not build them to he used as railroads; such use will speedily 
destroy them. Therefore the Republican party pledges itself to 
enact legislation to preserve the highways from destruction by over- 
loading and to secure fair competition in transportation between 
railroads on the one hand and busses and trucks on the other hand. 

Lobby j si s 

There is no proper legal place for a paid, professional, or official 
lobbyist in or about the Legislature of North Carolina. To tolerate 
lobbyists is to endanger justice. Therefore the Republican party 
pledges the people of this State, if entrusted with power, to enact 
such legislation as will effectually prevent lobbying by making it a 
(Time both by the paid, professional, or official lobbyist and his 
employer. 

Minority Representation 

Forty-five per cent of the white people in North Carolina pay 45 
per cent of the taxes to the State. They happen to be Republicans. 
But this 45 per cent of our white people have no representation in 
or on the administrative affairs of this State. This is bad business, 
poor economics, and a moral wrong. The Republican party, there- 
fore, pledges itself, if entrusted with power, to give generous minor- 
ity representation in all administrative affairs of the State. 

Power and Telephone Rates 

The Republican party recognizes the complaint that power and 
telephone rates are excessive in North Carolina, and pledges itself 
to make a thorough investigation of such rates, publish its findings 
to the people of the State, and reduce such rates to what the service 
is found to be reasonably worth. 

NATIONAL AFFAIRS 

Tobacco Taxes. — In justice to the grower and the consumer of 
tobacco, the Republican party pledges itself and its candidates for 
representative in the Congress to strive for and vote for a substan- 
tial reduction in Federal taxes on manufactured tobacco, and that a 



Republican State Platform 7:'. 

just portion of this tax be returned to North Carolina t>y the Federal 
Government. 

Capital and Labor 

The Republican party believes that capital is entitled to a fair 
return on its investment, and that honest labor is entitled to a wage 
commensurate with the American standard of living. It will defend 
the right of labor to organize and bargain collectively, and will hold 
that the relation of capital and labor is contractual and not dic- 
tatorial. But it warns capital that it must be just if it would be 
secure; and it warns labor that communism means cruel slavery. 
and that the power of government to decree a 30-hour week at a 
minimum wage is also the power to decree a 70-hour week with no 
increase in wage. 

Republican Principles 

The Republican party renews its dedication to its time honored 
principles which have made this nation the most glorious beacon on 
any of the shores of time, and therefore pledges itself to uphold the 
principle of a protective tariff in favor of American labor; to main- 
tain a sound currency; to preserve the immigration laws to the end 
that as few foreigners as possible shall be allowed to enter the 
country to remain permanently: to return and preserve to the states 
their undelegated authority ; to restore to the individual his rights 
and freedom, both of which are being usurped rapidly and surely : 
to preserve a free press, free speech and free assembly: to preserve 
the American form of government as a liberal democracy, and to 
preserve the Constitution of the United States as our guaranty of 
liberty. 

The Republican Party and the Republic 

The Republican party of North Carolina urges the Republican 
party of the nation to give solemn notice that it will not compro- 
mise on any moral issue, nor condone any surrender of the sovereign 
rights of the American people. 



74 

DEMOCRATIC STATE PLATFORM 



Adopted at Raleigh, .Tunc 21, 1934. 

The platform adopted by the Democratic State Convention follows 
in full : 

Tin- Democratic party of North Carolina in convention assembled 
reaffirms its devotion to the time honored principles of our party, 
and calls upon the people to renew their devotion to the institutions 
of our country and the constitutions of our State and Nation. 

MET SUPREME EMERGENCY 

Once again the Democratic- party has met a supreme emergency 
in national affairs and provided an administration capable of meet- 
ing a great crisis. We endorse the administration of Franklin D. 
Roosevelt, personal leadership, courage and broad-minded vision. 
We endorse the support which has been accorded him by our Demo- 
cratic Congress. His administration faced at its beginning problems 
of greater magnitude than those of any other time, including the 
World War. Torn by the economic maladjustment, our people were 
in despair. To them our party has given hope, and that hope has 
been fulfilled. We endorse the recovery program of this administra- 
tion looking as it does to the welfare of all the people ; and we com- 
mend to the citizens of this State their loyal allegiance to the efforts 
now under way to relieve distress and unemployment, improve the 
status of trade, industry, labor and agriculture, and equalize the 
opportunities of every man and woman to enjoy a larger and fuller 
life. 

We commend the record of our servants in the national Congress, 
both Senatoi's and Representatives: they have been faithful to their 
duties, true to their party, and have proven themselves representa- 
tives of democracy. 

EHRINGHAI'S COMMEN1 »E1 » 

We endorse the faithful and efficient administration of all de- 
partments of the State Government by Democratic State officials. 
We especially endorse and commend the administration of Governor 
J. C. B. Ehringhaus. the constructive legislation enacted with his 



Democratic State Platform 

recommendation and approval, and the careful supervision he bas 
given to every phase of the State's activities. 

The Democratic party, in the State as in the Nation, continues to 
be the party of public education and advancement. In 1933, reject- 
ing counsel of defeatism and despair, North Carolina renewed its 
faith in the courage and character of its citizenship, and in the 
darkest days of the depression not only maintained its good name 
and credit in the money markets, but moved forward to the very 
front of all the states in state support of public schools for the full 
term of eight months, at the same time lightening the intolerable 
burden of property taxation and leaving it for local purposes. 

PLEDGES SCHOOL SUPPORT 

The Democratic party again pledges its faith to the principles of 
State support of the public schools for the full term of eight months, 
without resort to ad valorem taxation, and makes its promise of a 
reasonable increase in the salaries of teachers by direct appropria- 
tion for that purpose if adequate revenue can safely be found. 

The Democratic party seeks to establish and maintain conditio 
in the nation under which all men may work effectively and enjoy 
the fruits of their labor. We regard with confidence and approval 
efforts of the present administration to equalize opportunity and 
recommend favorable consideration for state measures in co-opera- 
tion with the national program looking to that end. Careful study 
should be given unemployment and old age insurance as possible 
devices for promoting tbe happiness and well being oC the people. 

For .°.. r i years the Democratic party in North Carolina has striven 
to serve the great people who have trusted it with the administration 
of their public affairs. We have kept the faith. We go on with the 
great past. We do not make our appeal for continued confidence 
upon empty pledges not expected to be redeemed, lint upon tbe actual 
performance of these fruitful years. In all confidence we submit 
this platform to a just people, content that it he appraised in the 
light of our party's record. 

We rejoice that in recent elections many members of the opposite 
party have joined us in the support of the principles and policies 
here enumerated. We welcome these and all other forward looking 
men and women to the task of promoting tbe social, economic and 
material development of our State. 



PART IV 



ELECTION RETURNS 



1. Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States, 1932. 
L'. Popular Vote for President by States. 1920-1932. 

3. Vote for President by Counties, 1920-1928. 

4. Vote by Counties for Governor in Democratic Primaries, 

1924-1932. 

5. Vote for Utilities Commissioner in Democratic Primary, 1934. 
<;. Vote for State Officers in Democratic Primaries. 192S. 1930, 

1932, 1934. 

7. Democratic Primary Vote. June 7. 1930, for United States 

Senator. 

8. Democratic Primary Vote. June 4 and July •_'. 1932, for United 

States Senator. 

9. Vote for Chief Justice in 1934. 

10. Vote for Governor by Counties. 1920-1932. 

11. Vote for United States Senator. 1924-1932. 

12. Democratic Primary Vote, June 2. 1934. for Members ok Con- 

gress. 

13. Vote for Member ok Congress, Special Election, July 7. 1934, 

Fourth District. 

14. Vote for Members ok Congress, 1924-1934. 

15. Vote on Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment. 



70 



POPULAR AND ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT 

BY STATES, 1932 



Roosevelt's plurality, 7,054,520. 

Total Vote of Minor Parties 



Thomas, Socialist 880,096 

Foster, Communist 102,785 

Upshaw, Prohibitionist 77,528 

Harvey, Liberty - 53,446 

Reynolds, Social-Labor 34,034 

Coxey, Farmer-Labor 7,431 



Zahnd, National... 

( !ox, Jobless 

James Fi >rd 

Jacksonian Pari y ' 
"Populist Tii 
■ - 







Popular Vote 






State 


■j. - 
z ~ 

f§0 


> = 


- j. 


_ — 
_ — 

7 - 


r4 


Alabama , 


207,910 

7''. 264 

189.6(12 

1,324,157 
250,877 
281,632 
54,319 
206,307 
234,118 
109,479 

1,882,304 
862,054 
598,019 
424,204 
580.571 
249,418 
128.907 
314,314 
800,148 
871.700 
600,806 
140,168 

1,025,406 
127,286 
359,082 
28,756 
100,608 
806,630 
'.1.5,089 

2,534,959 
497,566 
178,350 

1,301,695 
516,468 
213,871 

1,295,948 
145,853 
102,347 
183,515 
2.59.963 
760.348 
116,750 
56,266 
203,980 
353,250 
405,124 
707,410 
54,370 


34,675 

36,104 

28.467 

847,904 

189,617 

287,720 

57,073 

69,170 

19,863 

71,312 

1,432.756 

677,184 

414.433 

349,498 

394,716 

18,853 

166,631 

184,184 

736,959 

739,894 

363.959 

5,180 

564,713 

78,078 

201,177 

12,674 

103,629 

775,686 

54,217 

1,937,963 

208,314 

71,772 

1,227.679 

188,165 

136,019 

1,453.510 

114,320 

1,978 

99,212 

126,806 

97,959 

SI. 775 

78,984 

89,637 

208,645 

330,731 

347,741 

39,583 


245.034 
118,242 
220,562 

2,26 
157 

593,507 
112,901 
276.252 
255. 5: Kl 
186,520 

3,407,926 

1.576.927 

1,036,683 
791,978 
975.290 
268,804 
298,444 
511.051 

1.580,114 

1,664,682 

1.0(12.843 
146,013 

1,611,343 

215,030 

570, 135 

41.430 

205,520 

1,630,063 
15 1.61 Hi 

4,753,698 
711.501 
256,290 

2, 610. OSS 
704,633 
368.751 

2,859,021 
263,411 
104,411 
288, 138 
390.781 
863, 126 
206,559 
136,978 
297,943 
till. SOI 
743. 771 

1, 114.815 
96.962 


ii 

3 

9 

22 
6 




Arizona _ _ 


















- 






3 




1 

12 
4 
29 
14 
11 
9 
11 
10 








Idaho . 




Illinois 




Indiana 






















: 




8 

17 

19 

11 

9 

15 
4 
7 
3 

""ie" 

3 
47 
13 

4 

26 
11 

5 

l 

8 
1 

11 

23 

1 
























Montana _ 












New Hampshire 


4 


New Mexico 








North Carolina 

North Dakota ___ 

Ohio _ 








Oregon _ 

Pennsylvania 










South Dakota __ 










Utah _ 










11 
8 
8 

12 

:; 
























Totals 


22,821.252 


15,760,195 


39,805, 155 


472 





710 

I 



so 



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Alexander. 

Alleghany 

Anson 

Ashe.. . 

Avery 

Beaufort . . 
Bertie 

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Caldwell 

Camden... 
Carteret 

Caswell 

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Chatham 

Cherokee . .. ._ 

Chowan. 

Clay.... 

< leveland 

Columbus 

< 'raven .. 

Cumberland 

Currituck 

Dare.. 

Davidson 

Davie. _ 

Duplin 



Vote for President 



83 



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VOTE BY COUNTIES FOR GOVERNOR IN 
DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES, 1924 AND 1932 





If 


24 


First Primarj 


19.32 
See 1 Primary 


Counties 




>. 


v. 

3 


v. 


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"5 




Alamance 

Alexander 

Alleghany 

Anson. . 

Ashe 

Averv 


1 , 349 

37.", 

1,002 

1,883 

2,153 

216 

2,153 

1,059 

2,(523 

295 

5,297 

1,492 

1,172 

1 , 663 

334 

987 

505 

980 

1,400 

298 

590 

100 

3,341 

2,961 

1,738 

1,908 

863 

501 

1,831 

402 

2,036 

3,609 

1 , 798 

2,802 

1,351 

3,080 

448 

353 

1,314 

348 

2,222 

2,721 

1,285 

3,222 

869 

512 

717. 

421 

1,082 

1 . 568 

2. 72". 


491 

SI 

162 

1,516 

2112 

193 

1,167 

1,131 

901 

116 

2,007 

194 

123 

461 

615 

337 

637 

118 

1,375 

7S 

593 

12 

1,29 1 

1,117 

1,728 

1,128 

416 

188 

538 

\tr, 

817 

924 

1,402 

59 1 

1,860 

369 

314 

77 

1,303 

1,266 

1,616 

1,840 

1,834 

1.321 

(71 

926 

448 

812 

930 

350 

1.927 


2,017 
378 
129 

2,041 

1,443 
83 

1.93:: 
69.; 

1.211 

902 
5,796 
1,923 
2,609 

836 
1.163 
1,328 

971 
1,68! 
1,279 

921 
1,691 

507 
3,940 
2,400 
1 , 752 
1,975 
1 , 788 
1,992 
2,911 

600 

842 
3,780 

112 
5,132 
1,036 
3,430 
1,084 

280 
1,405 

573 
4,877 
1,997 
1,171 
3 , 550 
1 , 658 

S3 9 

474 

619 
3 . 686 
1,705 
2.776 


l,5li( 
397 

197 

6SS 
125 
94 

299 

'9. 

1 ,005 
192 

: 

751 
2.267 
361 
Mil 
360 
367 
till 
557 
665 
in 

9 1 

2,870 
1,323 

843 
2. Ill 

139 

9 

1,360 

216 
1,430 
3,824 

337 
1,399 

835 

4,092 

90 

282 
1 , 25S 

105 
4,751 

867 
1,309 
1,150 

479 

109 

327 

172 
1,951 

315 

847 


1.275 
„■_. 

13 
1,794 

'■97 

99 

2,784 

1,586 

1,206 

308 
i 19 

583 

154 

137 

79 

693 

167 

29 1 

1,212 

393 

39 

43 

667 

1 , 105 

2,109 

1,(110 

199 

11 

252 

55 

1,146 

869 

3,919 

1 , 292 

2. 191 
955 

62 

10 

1,12!) 

1,833 

1,960 

3,953 

1 . 7"7 

1,189 
377 

1,295 
719 
787 
921 
201 

2,025 


453 
2, 155 
2,935 

152 
1,482 

618 
1,268 

726 
7.417 
2,438 
2. '.176 
1,319 

765 
1,083 

1,191 
2.910 
1,279 
1,097 
1,362 

7"9 
5.373 
2,258 
1,755 
2. 195 
1 .995 

90 
3 948 

S21 

S36 
4,211 

912 
5,952 
1,113 
5.9IS 
1 . 229 

387 
1,999 

4 75 
5,394 
1,731 
1,069 
1.127 
2,013 

.5)3 

X\ 1 

710 
3,876 
1,878 
1,86 


1,648 

l '" 

76! 

2,911 

HI 


Beaufort 

Bertie 


2,940 

1 570 


Bladen 

Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Burke 


2.25H 

271 

5.. ".51 




1 175 


Caldwell 


387 


< 'amden 


2) 


Carteret 


712 


Caswell 


18i 


Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 


3 
2 233 
'465 

• 


Clay 


22 


Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 


2,318 

2. I.N 
1.861 


Cumberland. ... 

Currituck 

Dare. 

Davidson 

1 )avie 


~ ' 151 

11 

865 

211 


Duplin. 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Forsvth 


2.957 

1,422 

2.751 


Franklin 

Gaston 


3,239 
2,758 


Gates 

Graham 


137 
117 


Granville 


1 ,558 


Greene 


1,259 


Guilford 


• 


Halifax 


181 


Harnett 


2,426 


Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 


1.5H2 
717 

- 


Hyde 


1,054 


Iredell 


2,159 


Jackson 

Johnston 


■ 



86 



Election Returns 



Vote By Counties foe Governor in Democratic Primaries, 
1924 am. L932— Continued 





1924 


1932 
First Primary 


1932 
Sec, m( j Primary 


( !i unities 


— 

s 


a 




* 


| 


"5 


.5 





455 
1,113 
2,049 

1,429 

1178 

496 

1 . 598 

1,149 

5,958 

202 

881 

1,431 

1.593 

2,393 

1,523 

835 

7D1 

615 

1,261 

874 

554 

556 

2,795 

1,024 

1.408 

2,731 

5,536 

1,212 

2.984 

2.699 

634 

1,871 

651 

318 

1,512 

527 

284 

182 

2,838 

939 

4 , 596 

857 

534 

711 

2,109 

1,772 

1,962 

339 

856 


304 

532 

1,480 

4311 

382 

186 

783 

653 

2.449 

189 

136 

622 

1.712 

1,463 

I. 155 

402 

770 

171 

736 

686 

320 

954 

2 492 

125 

594 

660 

1,314 

1,055 

1,218 

1 . 682 

722 

633 

231 

156 

576 

23 

633 

340 

1 . 559 

1,418 

4,854 

875 

275 

83 

1,551 

822 

1 . 575 

153 

5 1 5 


535 

1,241 

1 . 626 

1,476 

2117 

868 

634 

2,734 

5,164 

101 

1,011 

1 , 220 

569 
2,635 
1,457 

712 
1,321 

358 
3 . 659 

61 '.I 

1,616 

1.08S 

1 . 504 

1,505 

1.211 

1,201 

4,193 

2,034 

3.462 

3,981 

1 . 248 

1,125 

1 , 106 

972 

2,349 

304 

1,019 

433 

2.495 

1 . 393 

4,280 

7911 

854 

567 

1.029 

1,985 

976 
537 
303 


69 
522 

890 
926 

46S 
223 
365 
597 

4 , 800 
176 
764 

1,152 
379 

2, 167 
410 
498 
591 
118 
133 
302 

48 

419 

649 

210 

1 . 350 

2.37S 

2.7(1.". 

1 . 795 

3 . 824 
1.383 

631 

1 . 097 

1,036 

277 

912 

319 

380 

47 

2.136 

819 

3.093 

689 

r'; 

174 
5.211 
669 
95(1 
312 
144 


Mil 

1.234 

2.693 

453 

666 

611 

1 . 727 

135 

5.3S8 

148 

607 

1.2(111 

1,964 

2,216 

1 . 553 

1.178 

376 

821 

57 

1.H71 

27 

236 

5,249 

85 

188 

1.305 

3. (Hid 

218 

930 

1.017 

775 

591 

215 

341 

107 

362 

377 

42 

1 . 225 

I.e. i) 

8,946 
1,391 

423 
300 

976 

."'6 

3,097 

113 
798 


173 

71!l 

1,840 
1,090 

723 

719 
2,133 
7,215 

2to 

91(1 
1,163 

910 
3,335 
1,349 

850 
1,360 

366 
3,640 

710 
1 . 753 
1.361 
1 . 369 
1,529 
2,319 
1 . 780 
3.753 
2.12:; 
3.930 
3,911 
1.1 2 
1.217 
1,315 

3,285 
520 

1 . 33 1 

2.514 

1,4*82 

4,062 

753 

8i J 

1,07'.. 

2,290 

2,062 

1.040 

625 

818 


682 


Lee.. . 


1 934 


Lenoir 


3 194 
922 


Lincoln 


Macon. 


609 


Madison 

Martin 


643 
1 ,829 


McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


510 
7,624 


Montgomery 

Moore. 


1 . 334 
1,673 


Nash 

\c« Hanover... 
Northampton... 

Onslow 

i (range . 

Pamlico— 


5.814 

3. 109 

1 . 752 

1.475 

574 


Pasquotank 

Pender .. . 


122 


Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 


17 

664 

5.381 


Randolph 

Richmond .. 

Rol leson 


1,042 

3,7i 'i 


Rockingham 

Rowan 


S09 
2.119 


Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland . . 

Stanly 


1.144 

1 . 860 

1 . 1 73 

187 


Stokes 


367 


Surry... 


' 


Swain 


764 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 


556 
56 


Union. 


4.114 


Vance 


2. 258 


Wake 


10,256 


Warren .. 

Washington 

Watauga... 

Wayne 


1,666 
569 

614 
3 . 733 


Wilkes 


679 


Wilson 

Yadkin .. 


4.175 
222 


Yancey 


"'-'i 






Totals 


151,197 


83,573 


162,498 


11)2.032 


115.127 


182.055 


168.971 



-7 



VOTE FOR STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER IN 
DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, JUNE 2, 1934 



Count ics 


- 

"2-£ 
xis 


C 

[V] 


Count ies 


Stanley 
Winbornc 


a 




3,291 

783 

645 

3.(141 

139 

220 

2,974 

2,424 

1,469 

820 

6,771 

2,542 

3,940 

1 . 626 

998 

2,079 

1.026 

2,111 

2,010 

1.199 

886 

666 

3,731 

2,848 

1 . 859 

2 . 280 
1,475 

886 
3.204 

661 

• 
1,227 
2,825 
6,206 
2,051 
5,247 

989 

539 
2,689 
1,219 
6,027 
5,642 

3. 118 
3,198 
1 , 544 
1.985 
1.(142 

697 
3,331 
1,783 
3,469 


1,202 
367 
1(17 
969 
37 
128 
71)8 
232 

1,104 
522 

5,209 
345 

J. 165 
212 
267 
396 
699 
75(1 

l.dll 

568 

79 

96 

2,085 

1 . 633 
923 

1,132 
385 
.'.'1 

1,906 
193 
661 

2,993 
564 

3,425 

1 ,658 

2,961 
183 
197 

1,088 
659 

1,845 

1 , 550 

1.11! 

1,402 
7ti7 
Ml 
383 
514 

1.142 
72(1 

1 . 337 


Jones .. 


741 
1,780 
2,937 

1,823 
1,067 
1,(11)7 
2.121 
2,718 
8,661 

596 
1. 173 

309 

3,536 
3,750 

738 
1 . 183 

523 
2.(131 
1,242 
1,116 
1 . 293 

:.. mi, 
1,324 
1,925 
3,052 
5,970 
3.257 
1.162 
3 .317 
1,169 
1,902 
1,868 
1,115 
3,623 

; 14 

1,321 

490 
3,678 
2,534 
10,340 

.'.is. 
1,089 

963 
2,516 

391 
2,749 

873 
1 , 21)6 






Lee 


954 




1 .enoir . 


1 295 




Lincoln ... .. 


860 




Macon _. 


671 




Madison 

Martin _ 


120 




658 




McDowell 




Bladen 


Mecklenburg . ._ 


1,518 




Mitchell 


■'7 




Montgomery 


576 




Moore 


1,227 




Nash 


1,071 


Caldwell 


New Hanover.. _ 


2,022 




Northampton.. . .. 


181 




( Inslow _ _ 


345 




( (range 


625 


Catawba . 


Pamlico 


273 




Pasquotank . 


• 




Pender . 


113 




Perquimans .. 


315 


( 'lay 


Person 


383 


1 'leveland 


Pitt. 


2,093 




Polk 


I7H 


i'ii 


Randolph _.___ 


1.193 






.'. 190 


Currituck 


Robeson 

Rockingham 


: i 




1.026 




Rowan. 


1 . 536 




Rutherford . 


1,797 




Sampson. . 


.".'.HI 




Scotland .. .. . 


1,1 lil 




Stanly 

Stokes 


l.i is,; 




100 




Snrrv .... 


550 




Swain 


256 




Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union.. .. . 


553 


i iraham 


2! i3 






i Ireene 


Vance - . 

Warren . ... 


NSS 


i luilford 


2,792 


Halifax 


590 




Washington... . 


311 


Haywood. 


Watauga 

Wavne .. .. 


:;:; 




1,016 


Hertford.. 


Wilkes 

\\ ilson 


(ilii 


Hoke 


1.012 


Hyde 


Yadkin . 


264 


Iredell 


Yancey 


572 


Jackson . 


Totals 




235 63 






6 









ss 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN DEMOCRATIC 
PRIMARIES 1928, 1930, 1932, and 1934 



1928 

FOR LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR— 

R. T. Fountain 81.177 

.ion n D. Langston 68,4 30 

W. H. S. Burgwyn 62,866 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR AND PRINTING— 

Frank D. Grist 115. 1 12 

M. L. Shipman 6( 

Oscar J. Peterson 28,207 

1930 
FOR CORPORATION COMMISSIONER— 

George P. Pell.... 167,083 

James H. Holloway - 86,227 

FOR GOVERNOR— 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus 162.498 

Allen J. Maxwelil 102,032 

Richard T. Fountain 115,127 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

A. H. Graham 202,592 

Denison F. Giles 66 38^ 

David P. Dei linger 58,155 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— 

Stacey W. Wade 178,971 

'James A. Hartness 140,358 

FOR STATE AUDITOR— 

Baxter Durham 16 

Chester O. Bell 94,801 

George Adams 58,226 

FOR ATTORNEY GENERAL— 

Dennis G. Brummitt 22 1,723 

Peyton McSwain 8 1,881 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR— 

A. L. Fletcher 76,216 

Clarence Mitchell 74,820 

John D. Norton 1 1,3 19 

R. R. Lawkence 60.433 

W. Henry Davis 32 915 

B. F. Smith 22,180 

FOR CORPORATION COMMISSIONER— 

Stanley Winborne 189.702 

E. C. Macon 102,718 

FOR INSURANCE COMMISSIONER— 

Dan C. Boney 206,878 

D. W. Morton ' 96.200 

SECOND PRIMARY 
FOR GOVERNOR— 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus 182,055 

Richard T. Fountain 168,971 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR— 

A. L. Fletcher 183.513 

Clarence E. Mitchell 114,971 

1934 

FOR UTILITIES COMMISSIONER— 

Stanley Winborne 235,263 

E. C. Macon 97,760 



89 



DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY VOTE, JUNE 7, 1930, FOR 
UNITED STATES SENATOR 






Alamance 

Alexander 

Alleghany 



Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort _ 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswii k 

Buncombe 

Burke 

Cabarr::- 

Caldwell 

Camden 

Carteret 



Catawba 





Chowan. 

Clay 



Columbus 

Craven.. 

Cumbi 

Currituck 

Pare 



Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecoi I 

l h 

Franklin 

( laston 



Graham... 

Granville 

Greem 

< ruilford 

IX-... 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Hendersi >n 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 





1, 



262 
184 
284 
432 
366 
103 
31b 
059 
193 
529 
8 12 
599 
527 
507 
397 
832 
919 

918 
527 
169 
474 

41 
667 
917 
279 
916 
357 
124 
771 
410 
128 
230 
533 
289 
239 
324 
390 

69 
074 
183 
580 
308 
139 
146 
475 
912 
145 
639 
113 
251 
932 



s 




^ 


^ 


- 


Lh 


2,637 


32 


657 


<; 


1,115 


62 


2,407 


2 g 


2,087 


2 


154 


2 


2 3 15 


18 


1,669 


3 


1.311 


26 


688 


24 


10,062 


24! 


1,934 


6 


1,636 


6 


1,030 


1 


728 


n 


1 . 750 


16 


779 


15 


3,665 


26 


1,839 


10 


1,156 


--> 


1 061 


9 


539 


3 


4.105 


59 


2 338 


107 


1,514 


19 


2,154 


31 


1,168 


1!) 


571 







8 


713 


1 


1,688 


23 


4,381 


71 


2,4(16 


/ 


1,511 


50 


_' 332 


32 


1. 199 


72 


587 


15 


661 


t 


2,654 


30 


1 , 283 


19 


6,610 


38 


3,111 


21 


2,594 


10 


3,697 


35 


1,848 


17 


866 


10 


952 


10 


536 


lti 


2,573 


33 


2.214 


11 


2.376 


11 



Count ies 



Jones 

I i 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

M artin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg... 
Mitchell. . . 
Montgomery... 

Moore 



Mew I lanover. . 
Northampton.. 

( )nslow 

i Irange 

Pamlico... 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

l'i rson 

Pitt 

Polk. 

Randolph 

Richmond 

i .' ibeson 

Rockingham... 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland.. 

Stanly 

Si ukes ._ _. 

Surry 

Su ain 

Transylvania . . 

Tyrrell 

I mi. ii 

Vance 

Wake 

\\ arren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

hi 

^ adkin 

Yancey 

Totals .... 



v. 



fa 



979 

717 
116 
252 
697 
553 

1 16 
652 

S77 
,726 
,696 

. 1 75 

656 
176 

835 
785 

473 

816 

, 333 

374 

3 
,931 
,908 

,736 

71S 

,186 

58 1 

123 
251 

82 

,3H 

. 752 

,225 

,028 

131 

268 

,644 

163 

583 

517 

136 



129 375 



257 

1.057 

1,653 
1,110 

585 
1, 166 

1 538 

2.7311 

1 238 
752 

1,626 
7, '3 

2,091 
7S1 
782 

1, 143 
3,861 
1,21 2 

2 258 
2,235 
2 808 
2,350 

3,327 

I ,323 

1,685 

968 

1.332 
523 

_"i3 
3S1 

572 

1 ', 16 
587 
697 

2 . 799 
I.H23 
2.517 

551 
1.000 

200,242 



17 
21 

21 

S 

1.' 
21 
12 
37 
l 
!7 

■ 



22 
9 

• 
■ 

11 

3 
in 
8 

6 

'11 
2! 

> 
1 

8 
15 

1 

: 



90 



DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY VOTE, JUNE 4, AND JULY 2, 
1<K*2, FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR, SHORT TERM* 







First 1' 


rimary 




Sei ■ ary 


Count ii - 






r-~ 




T. 






376 
283 

707 

SSI) 

2,841 
112 
290 

668 

27 
508 

40 
356 

60 

33 

73 
121 
202 
9.55 
232 

53 

82 

388 

5 13 

!8 

33.5 
113 

63 
318 
192 
452 
443 
199 
1 . 566 
445 
25 1 
111 

86 
177 
469 
741 
612 
522 
399 

56 
!02 
117 
287 
1,022 
180 
491 
204 


373 

25 

18 

215 

32 

12 

1.022 

203 

270 

94 

487 

61 

191 

767 

292 

91 

126 

217 

1 56 

194 

17 

79 

6 

521 

700 

98 

21 
150 

41 
312 
206 
141 
1 . 437 
683 
! 398 

63 

26 
342 
349 
706 
243 
216 
137 

47 
' 

88 
396 
312 
196 
294 
412 


2.727 

243 

63 

1,333 

93 

109 

772 

782 

2,829 

2.33.5 

2.210 

.SO 7 

304 

1,468 

710 

1.345 

1.442 

593 

300 

282 

3,556 

1,340 

922 

1 . 387 
777 
619 

2.0119 
485 
1,346 
3 075 
1,065 
1,425 
1,098 

320 
329 
1,560 
310 
4.623 
1,482 
1,917 

2, 176 
1.006 

778 
330 
240 

2,782 
: 

2,974 
!28 


1.174 

260 

53 

2,063 

34 

39 

1 . 920 

1,135 

1,253 

336 

9,915 

717 

.'.1171 

237 

441 

611 

771 

759 

401 

.576 

1,186 

196 

2.976 

2,33.5 

2.630 

3.313 

792 

185 

1 . 996 

156 

1 . 262 

1 . 568 

1.062 

3.207 

1,867 

2.231 

322 

119 

1.511 

1. 164 

5,366 

4,322 

1,537 

1.984 

1.475 

653 

945 

342 

2,116 

1.309 

[,799 

186 


1,611 

7o : 
; ■ • 

126 
104 

1 . 135 

1.077 
127 

1 . 4.57 

1.618 

36i 

IS' 

127 
291 

' 
1.228 

■ 

i . ; ; ! 
; i 

601 
1,710 

m 

2.701 
1,157 
3.193 
1.1.53 
3.038 

• 
[, 570 

411 
2,867 
1,285 
1,620 
1.802 

732 

\ 

" ' 

5 
2.185 

172 
2.301 

23 


2.026 




713 




.533 




3,169 


Vshe 


'.349 




168 




2.S11 


Bertie 


1.413 


Hlatl 


2.334 


u i •■ k 


582 


Buncombe . . 


10,795 


Burke 


1 . 745 




2,559 


Caldwell 


1.339 


< a in den . 


223 


Carteret 


747 


' ': .-\\ ell _ .. . -- - 


971 


Catawba . . . . 


2.645 


itham -._ -_ .-- 


1,859 


okee 

Chowan _ . 


1.213 
991 


Clav - 


471 


Cleveland 


5.2S7 




3.49S 


Craven _ . .. 


2.934 


Cumberland . 


3,571 




975 




2S5 




Davidson 


3 . 223 


■ ie_ _ . . 


503 


Duplin . _- 


2.(155 


Durham _ .. 


" 024 




3.739 


- y ; i i 

'iklin 

nil 


1,658 
3.107 
1.828 


• 3 


538 


( iraham .. .. 


362 


( Iranville - 


1.046 


■ i ne. .. .. . . . 


1 . 263 


i fuilfi ird - - - - . . 


6,339 


Halifax 

Harnett... 


4.243 
1 . 826 


! lavH ood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke. 

Hyde 

Iredell 


4.106 
2.103 
730 
1,103 
S 
3,801 


.lark son 

Johnston 


1 . 726 
3.146 




852 



Election Returns 



9] 



Democratic Primary Vote, June 4, and Jii.v 2, 1932, for 
United States Senator, Short Term — Continued 



Counties 



Lee... 

Lenoir 

Lincoln ._ 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg.-. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery... 

Moure 

Nash 

\e\\ Hanover. 
Northampton. 

i (nslow 

< (range 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank... 

Pender 

Perquimans... 
Person ... 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

I lichmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

1,'iiu an... 

Rut herford . . 

Sampson 

Seo1 land 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania . 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

W ake 

Warn n . 
Washington.. . 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin . 

Yancey '.. 



First Primary 



Totals. 



545 
845 
268 

21)8 
142 
145 
453 
306 
192 
233 
3 -to 
496 
192 
283 
7H4 

89 
298 
105 
130 
117 
162 
1.171 

94 
670 
113 
545 
379 
4 77 
196 
268 
263 
[92 
319 
360 
121 
117 

81 
608 
11 ti 
1,370 
302 
196 

Id.") 
608 
1,117 
625 
309 

49 



37,748 



O 



153 

996 

88 

7(1 

33 

23 I 

291 

789 

4 

19(1 

183 

coo 

195 

312 

114 

162 

99 

80 

151 

49 

l.-,:, 

ill 

38 

132 

314 

1,760 

128 

518 

780 

123 

157 

110 

21a 

317 

27 

18 

35 

382 

249 

1.77(1 

253 

437 

49 

394 

635 

363 

1 33 

18 



31,01(1 



I. 197 

897 

1,766 

457 

1.20 

713 

1.760 

8,213 

92 

'il5 

791 

1.320 

2,157 

1,973 

477 

1,053 

311 

1,516 

'(21 

(1(12 

720 

2.182 

974 

1. 193 

2.4S(i 

4,104 

1,1151 

3,567 

3,793 

1,032 

■ 965 

1 . 385 

639 

2,458 

2 IS 
400 
115 

2,468 
'.1(13 

4.906 
756 

3 IK 
(130 

2.703 
959 

1,466 
358 
803 



113,179 



642 

2.519 
705 
568 

SO!) 

1,566 

1.0(1(1 

(1.237 

121 

913 

1,931 

3,087 

3,970 

655 

755 

889 

488 

1,373 

717 

502 

'137 

3,435 

696 

U15 

I. '.1115 

3,523 

1 . 139 
3,556 

1.(131) 
1,216 
1,401 

1 1(17 
311 

IS' I 

135 

1 , 23(1 

207 

2,424 

2,140 

7.752 

1,338 

491 

27(1 

3.021 

579 

-'.(Mill 

169 
351 



156,548 



ond Primary 



1.381 

1.312 

539 

268 

712 

896 

6,800 

98 

1175 

823 

1.1,02 

1,620 

1,974 

517 

769 

519 

1,339 

731 

UK 

919 

1.791 

687 

1.571 

2,084 

2.921 

HOI 

1,940 

2,179 
998 
952 
759 
361 

2,895 

97 

307 

101 

2..1ir.' 

1,122 

1,(117 

785 

329 

963 

_' 383 

1,170 

1.180 

lis 

582 



'.ill I 

1 . 635 
1,251 
1,(121 
1 . 792 

8,330 

3. 12 

5.135 
1.(1(13 

I V 

1,160 

1,838 
1.719 

i. lis 
2.941 

i 
i 532 
1,067 

734 

1.2 id 

211 



120,428 



9.271 

'.( 1 1 

3.5!! 

3. '.i 11 

M3 

1,115 






'Arthur Simmons received 4,341 votes for long term but • I i< 1 nol file for short term 



«H 



VOTE FOR CHIEF JUSTICE— GENERAL ELECTION 

NOVEMBER, 1934 



Counties 


K 
— 

t- X 


3J - 

' - T- 

< a 


( !oun 


X 

*— — 


- ~ 
<22 




5,568 

2 . 70.3 
1,13.3 
2,339 
4 . 838 
.".It 
2,227 
1,154 
1 ,776 
2,156 
14.023 

8,566 

5,029 

594 

2,704 

s:;si 
6,197 
3,602 
3,14.5 

343 
1.380 
3,818 
2,293 
2,658 
1,411 

6.34 

897 
7,965 
2,261 
2,831 
3,523 
1,37!) 
9,869 
1 . 658 
8,659 

2S1 
1,299 
1 . 263 

807 
10,083 
2,860 
4 , 598 
5.809 
(.918 

4 20 

97.". 

383 
6,816 
4,157 
8,092 


3.391 

2,359 

703 

132 

1 . 1 83 

1 . 905 
171 

1! 

301 

1,807 

6,665 

t,634 

4, 165 

3,795 

73 

1,746 

64 

6,769 

2,014 

3,740 

7 

1.323 

1,191 

300 

159 

221 

13 

308 

'..902 

2,972 

[ill 

584 

23 

3,691 

47 

5,262 

23 

1,342 

34 

14 

4,448 

52 

1,874 

2, (13 
4,741 

10 

41 

31 

3,684 

2,896 

4,381 


Jones. 


661 
1,901 

1 . 538 
t . 228 
3,207 
2 229 
987 
4 . 763 
8,376 
1 . 266 
2 912 
3,265 
2,514 
1 602 
1.077 
1,313 
2,164 
1,0.56 
790 
830 
(73 
760 
2.233 
2. 232 
6',398 
2,949 
3.821 
5,309 
7,088 
0,632 
4 . 203 
1 , 2.57 
.5. 21 IS 
3 , 528 
6.307 
2.120 
2.500 
225 
2.9(3 
083 
5,904 
1,06! 
1,298 
3,176 
3 , 555 
1,508 
1, 172 
2,381 
2,998 


11 




1 ,ee. 


168 




1 ,i n.iir 


88 




Lincoln ... .. 


3,942 


Ashe 


Macon 


2 680 




Madison . 


3,792 




Martin 


11 


Bertie _ 


McDowell 

1 fe klenburg.. 


2 560 




1 .777 




Mitchell.... 


2 (62 




Montgomery 


2.5(5 




Moore... 


1,673 


Cabarrus 


Nash 


71 


■ veil 


New Hanover 


110 




Northampton . . 


11 


Carteret 


i (nslow 

< (range . 

Pamlico... ... 


54 


( laswell . .- 


1,087 


i '\ ba 


006 




Pasquotank.. . 


115 




Pender 


00 


Chowan 


Perquimans.. 


(8 


Clay 


Person 


125 




Pitt- 


"5 


Columbus 


Polk _. 

Randolph 

Richmond..- 


1,616 


Craven __ 


6,322 




216 




Robeson 


102 




Rockingham . 


2,519 




Rowan . ._ .. 


4.370 




Rutherford 


5,217 


I )uplin 


Sampson 

Scotland . 

Stanly 


5,42.5 


1 )urham . 


93 




4,843 


1 1 1] syth 


Stokes 


3,109 




Surry, . . 


1.070 




Swain 


1 , 75' 1 


Gates 


Transylvania _. - 


1,642 




Tyrrell 


12 




Union 


315 


Greene _ _. 


Vance 

Wake. 

Warren 


44 


Guilford.. 


358 


Halifax 


11 


Harnett 

Haywood 


Washington.. - 

Watauga 

Wayne 


500 
3.308 




914 


Hertford 

Hoke_.__ 

Uy<\e... 


Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 


6,859 

79 

3.352 




2..5' '7 


Jackson,. _ 


Totals 




319,782 


182.577 









93 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES, 1920-1932 



Counties 



1920 






Alamance 


5,274 


Alexander 


2,000 


Alleghany 


1,417 


Anson 


3,340 

3,628 




403 


Beaufort ___ 

Bertie 


3.559 

1,886 


Bladen 


1,991 


Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Burke 

Cabarrus 


1,311 

10,412 
3,314 
4,394 


Caldwell 

Camden 

Carteret 


2,953 

565 

2 094 


Caswell.. 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee. 

Chowan . 


1,250 
5,424 
3,219 
1.762 
1,129 


Clay 


763 


Cleveland 


5,116 


Columbus .- 


3.313 


Craven 


3.461 


Cumberland 


3,316 


Currituck 


074 


Dare. 


846 




4,907 




1 . 63 1 


Duplin 


3,432 




4,706 




3.395 


Forsyth 

Franklin 


8,250 
2,786 

7,220 




812 


Graham 


655 


Granville 


2.662 
1 .664 


Guilford 


9,594 


Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 


3,540 
3,902 
4,227 
2,525 
1.165 


Hoke 


1 , 266 


Hvde. 


1,170 


Iredell. 


6,351 
2,398 




6.076 




666 



Za 



1 , 624 
2,643 
1,187 

122 
3,800 
2.467 
2.212 

147 
1,010 
1,381 
8,005 
3,566 
:..226 
3.222 

116 

2, 292 
196 

5,912 

2,895 

2.474 

162 

913 

2,978 

1 . 655 

604 

1 849 

69 

624 

5,844 

2.583 

2.701 

461 

292 

756 



1924 






1632 



3 



6, 
5 2 

.-,.746 
264 
916 
793 
427 

7,788 
U6 

3,318 



2,962 

3,604 

210 

156 

4.75 
4,164 
2 . 35 1 

328 



S - 



4,934 

2 292 
U64.8 

2.301 

1,350 

460 

3.081 
1,836 
1,691 
1.123 
O.S26 
4.086 
4,536 
3,371 

366 
2.313 
1,074 
5,831 
3,271 
1 . 767 

733 
1,004 

3 . 786 
2 . 855 
3.081 
3,304 

636 
823 
6.558 
1,807 
2.681 
5.233 
J 137 

1,987 
6,694 

66 1 

871 

2.2IS 

1,132 

3 329 
3.336 

4 . 569 

3 066 
986 

1,160 
657 
6,505 
3,170 
4,727 
711 



3,168 
2.426 
1.212 

2, 151 

1 , 283 

85 

1,247 
6,011 

3.227 
3,604 

2, 166 
161 

1 . 832 

143 

6,028 

2,752 

2,317 

80 

1,124 

1,796 

1. 128 

221 

1,093 

82 

638 

6,202 

1.502 

2.752 

92 

5,256 

2 70 

3, 167 

65 

906 

433 

151 

i, 153 

185 

2,824 

2.375 

3, ii". 

108 

112 

352 

3,608 

2.776 

4,842 

150 



1,648 

4,097 

181 

4,062 

2,186 

2.1S5 
1,211 

3.847 
5,991 

3,004 

696 

2 712 

1.257 
5.75-1 
3.352 

I ' 
1.081 

961 



661 

744 
312 



677 
7 . 223 
1.55:; 

6,671 
4.662 

11,176 
3 II v 
S.6 10 
755 
1,058 
6.211 
1,332 

13,523 
5,376 
1.216 
4,837 

1 . 288 

1.321 

722 

5,931 
824 



-I - 



1.211 

3,994 
3,094 

2, 122 

1.452 
14,41 3 

5. 'Ms 
3.67S 

118 
2,726 

451 
7,053 
3,081 
3,058 

112 
1,012 

"7-'. 

68 

717 
8,290 
: 7s; 
2 . 551 I 
5,964 

415 
8 698 

1, 6. '2 

• 

13. 156 

4,416 
1,019 

1.571 

122 

201 

4 06 

5 , 75 1 

3,382 

7,216 

301 



s UMI 

.'.'111 

3.111 

18,910 

- ■ 

1.177 
1,656 

S.ltt 

5. 167 

1.771 

■ I 
2. IIS 

5,884 

14,557 

12,927 

1.211 
1 . 3 16 

J. 177 

i,, lid 

1 . 855 
1 . 775 

8,387 

1,7.7'' 

". 160 
1,416 



3.946 
2,650 

15 

■ 

• 
3.572 

51 

184 

■ 
3, 184 

36 
1 284 
1 831 

■ 

s71 

27 

17S 

1.199 

207 

2i.; 

60 

1 . 224 

211 

89 

61.72" 

222 

2.756 

■ 
1,290 

si 

•' 

4,062 
119 



!»l 



Election Returns 



Vote fob Governor By Counties, 1920-1932 — Continued 



Counties 



Lee 

Lenoir.. 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg.. 
Mitchell....... 

Montgomery . 

Moore 

Nash _. 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange __ 

Pamlico. 

Pasquotank.. 

Pender 

Perquimans... 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford ... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly. 

Stokes 

Surry. 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake. ., 

Warren 

Washington... 

Watauga 

Wayne... 

Wilkes. 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey.. 

Totals.. 



1920 



: r- 

i~ = 

as 

CIO 

UQ 



319 

882 
326 
101 
330 
.">77 
821 
221 
73. i 
305 
708 
072 
342 
329 
578 
081 
291 
816 
611 
057 
629 
156 
387 
066 
219 
185 
469 
427 
0(12 
428 
671 
901 
001 
569 
lis 
54!) 
717 
025 
15:i 
145 
891 
115 
753 
847 
884 
530 
355 
306 



308,151 






1,155 

1,024 

3,127 

2,037 

3,609 

496 

2,563 

3,360 

2,235 

2,309 

2.2(2 

L518 

472 

126 

822 

1 , 786 

1,011 

417 

672 

4S0 

1 , 582 
834 

1,349 
6,243 
1.134 
2.111 
3,592 
4,853 
4 , 002 
5,333 
296 
4,273 
2,899 
5,173 

2, _'.">_' 
1 ,' 659 

535 
1,499 

804 
3,349 

244 

971 
2,600 
2,776 
6.453 
1,296 
3,295 
2,574 



230.175 294,441 



1924 



<C 



1,862 
2,294 
2,948 

2,651 
1 , 430 
2,012 
3,084 
8,978 

747 
2,51(1 
2,872 
3,253 
5,295 
1 , 705 
1.163 
2.015 

909 
1,020 
1,219 

557 



, 603 

. 362 
, 659 
,395 

719 



1 

3 
1 
5 
2 

4,778 
4,481 
5,335 
5.170 
2,089 
1,511 
3,968 
2.298 
4 , 504 

1 , 795 
1.842 

493 
2,782 
2,271 
9,300 
1,827 

846 

2, 105 
3,801 
3,563 
2,659 
1,389 
2,649 



• 3 



677 
395 

2.979 

2.218 

3,110 

193 

2,557 

2,128 

1.991 

2,060 

1.848 

79."> 

558 

191 

391 

1. 19.; 

393 

548 

208 

283 

1.094 

433 

1,407 

0,289 

504 

610 

2,599 

3,638 

3,842 

3,316 

138 

3,529 

2, 190 

4,979 

2.177 

1 , 775 

599 

913 

357 

2,297 

94 

834 

2,747 

1,203 

6,148 

467 

2,880 

2.132 



192S 



r, ; 



3. 



1, 



110 
955 

503 
511 
319 
2.995 
3,859 
15,213 
985 
J , 558 
3,051 
853 
695 
104 
429 
432 
069 
278 
1,517 
884 
1,425 
5.274 
1,828 
5 , 560 
3,979 
5,816 
4,667 
9,321 
5,312 
2,750 
2.039 
3.829 
2, 111 
4,678 
1,895 
1,973 
540 
3,495 
2.991 
11.856 
2.363 
1,038 
:;. n;i 

1.73S 
3,506 

4,185 
1.281 
2.714 



185.627 392.009 289.41.", 



'C .'- 



1,176 

637 

3.752 

2,542 

3,558 

300 

3,222 

7,373 

3,316 

2, 179 

3.195 

1.382 

2.129 

160 

755 

2,045 

810 

430 

77(1 

380 

910 

830 

1,645 

6,988 

1.470 

1.837 

4,713 

9,924 

5,121 

5,160 

341 

4,175 

3,560 

9,495 

2 . 335 

2,919 

462 

1,598 

895 

1,209 

136 

1,059 

2,792 

3,515 

7,391 

1,251 

3.641 

2. 175 



1932 



- I 

i-iQ 



3.019 
4.600 
1,403 

3.291 
2.977 
3.750 
4.829 
19.027 

1 . 732 
2,929 
1 ,299 
7.211 
6,615 
3.277 
2,562 

2.999 

1.418 
3,140 
1.992 
1,373 
2,41!) 
7,609 

2. 129 
7.381 
4.719 
7,927 

7. 190 
9,841 

8 . 298 
4,679 
2.99S 
5,795 
3.595 
7 , 55 1 
2,381 
2 . 593 

830 
5.717 
3,825 
14, 159 
2.707 
1,668 
3.376 
6,317 
5 928 
5,970 
2,759 
3,302 

197.1.57 






750 

326 

3,819 

2,331 

4.526 

78 

2,503 

1,002 

3,251 

2.279 

2 185 

668 

798 

124 

227 

1 . 09.3 

75!) 

167 

233 

154 

690 

221 

1,467 

9.519 

741 

763 

3,127 

4.545 



4,718 

4.511 

191 

4.174 

2,915 

4,716 

1.994 

1 , 728 

274 

875 

29 1 

2,171 

75 

675 

3.159 

1.649 

6.718 

528 

3.554 

2.539 

212.561 



95 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR, 1924-1932 




1924 


19 


26 


1936 


1932 


< ' ties 


T. 

7^ E 
i 


<i 

. a. 
< — 




o 

- a 


- ^ 




X 

— — 

z Z 


/. ? 


Alamance.. . 


1.955 

2.297 
1,658 
2. Mil 
4,350 

461 
3,084 
1,836 
1,703 
1 , 131) 
10,536 
4.097 
4,533 
3,383 

433 
2,311 
1,085 
5,815 
3.430 
1 . 765 

735 
1,008 
3,795 
2,848 
3,081 
3.316 

5! 10 

837 

6.431 
1.813 
2,995 
5,200 
2.4.52 
7.871 
1,998 
6,693 
672 

Si,.", 

2.213 
1,130 
9.373 
3,342 
3,319 
1,569 
3,084 

98.5 
1,16.5 

67li 
6.51.' 
3,13.8 
I.7S7 

717 


3,180 
2 24 2 
1^220 

209 

3,891 

2, 15(1 

1,276 

83 

584 
1 , 227 
5,982 
3,199 
3,596 
2,464 

136 

1 , 822 
439 

6,173 
2,731 

2. Ml IS 

79 
1 . 222 
1 , 789 
1, 12.5 
221 
1,085 

36 
625 
6,191 
2,676 
1,498 
2,793 

87 

5.213 

26S 

3, 1st 

194 

909 

430 

1.51 

6,43»i 

181 

2,823 

2,476 

3,252 

106 

112 

320 

3, 600 

2,800 

1,826 

1(6 


4.360 
2.320 

1.112 
1.694 
3,908 

116 
1,212 

729 
1,4.57 
1.173 
8,699 
3,550 
4.804 
2,893 

1.52 
2,389 

817 
.5.171 
:;. 133 
1,842 

228 

845 
3.010 
3.126 
1 . 237 

1 . 835 
346 
713 

6.144 
1,953 

2. KM) 
3.228 

791 

1,790 

SIM 

1 143 

6.511 

S.58 

1.006 

.503 

6,589 

1,139 

3,278 

3.672 

3,273 

172 

75M 

307 

4,771 

2,556 

6,079 

425 


3,304 

2,203 

1,073 

61 

3,404 

1,499 

197 

21 

436 

1,026 

4.411 

3.18.5 

3,997 

1 . 5S0 

14 

1.112 

273 

4,, 688 

2.11112 

2,063 

11 

952 

797 

1,002 

81 

902 

12 

508 

5,971 

2.4.50 

656 

1,213 

16 

2,81!) 

138 

2.651 

17.5 

976 

166 

31 

4.44.5 

109 

2,705 

1 . 568 

3 . 683 

31 

3.5 

51 

2,423 

2,624 

1,946 

Ml) 


6,346 
2.171 
1.711 
2.122 
4-.014 

399 
3,468 
1 . 123 
1. 168 
1.584 
15,338 
4,581 
6,868 
4.814 

531 
2.6M6 

916 
7.225 
3,324 
2,378 

5 ! 5 
1,213 
5, DIM 
2.673 
2,282 
2. 6!) I 

601 
1.037 
8.339 
1,893 
2,681 
1,803 
2.627 
7.971 
1,665 
10,855 

512 
1,218 
1,961 

79M 
1 1 , 666 
3,487 
1,968 
5,229 
3,920 

SIM 
1,070 

352 
7,393 
M.S62 
8,367 

5M1 


5,550 

2, 152 
1,386 

134 
3,629 
1 , 797 

1 . 266 

61 

511 

1,521 

12. 113 

3,929 

1,305 

3, 192 

51 
2,005 

226 
5, 771 
2,626 
2,632 
23 
1,161 
2,360 
1,319 

685 

967 
1M 

120 
6.S32 
2,161 
1,617 

3,049 

209 

5,607 

17n 

7,065 

76 

1,181 

203 

him 

9.611 

161 

3,248 

2 . 755 
3,981 

57 

86 

87 

4 . 256 

M . 255 

5,175 

133 


7 . 77 1 
2,87,5 
1.910 
1.15.', 
4,636 
1.627 
.5.371 
M.6S6 
2. IDS 
2. 156 

is. 193 
5,817 
8.216 
5,340 
895 
M.I07 
1 . 76.5 
8.143 
1,023 
1.M0M 
1,583 
1,318 
7,910 
5,016 
1, 115 
1,916 
1,763 
1 , 2M3 
9,385 
2,285 
1 . 157 
7.731 
5,832 
7,322 
1,219 
12. 123 
1,1.56 
1,347 
3.729 
1, 161 
18,713 
a 181 
6,208 
6,679 
5.17S 
1 . 7S2 

66S 
7.S25 
4,324 

''. 181 

1.117 


5, 165 


Alexander.. . 


2.104 




82! 


Anson .. 


276 
1,005 


Avery .. 

Beaufort . . __ 

Bertie. ..... 


2 729 
66 


Bladen 

Brunswick. 

Buncombe 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell.... 

Camden . 

Carteret 


S7J 
1 , 797 
8,686 
5. DOM 
M.741 
3,915 
6.; 
1,797 


( !asw ell. . . 


222 


( 'atau ba 

Chatham _ _ 


6,100 

2.601 


Cherokee 


3,207 


Chowan. __ 


1 ■ 


Clay 

Cleveland 


1 . 267 


Columbus .. 

('raven 


S05 
M57 


Cumberland 


937 
29 


Dare 


516 


Davidson 

Davie __ 


6,606 
2,789 


Duplin 

Durham . 


1 . 258 
2,694 


Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin . . 


253 

6,713 

214 


( laston 

Gates . _ 


■ 
8 


( Iraham 

Granville . . .. _ 


1 , 22 1 

212 




62 


Guilford 

Halifax 


10,11'.' 


Harnett 

Haywood . 

Henderson 

Hertford 


i so; 

3. 116 

1 11 

162 


Hoke 


, a 


Hyde 


1M1 


Iredell ._ 


1 


Jackson . 




Johnston 


t. Ill, 







6 



K MICTION IvETIKNS 



Vote foe United States Senator, 1924-1932— ( 





1924 


1926 


1939 




( '. mntiea 


■r. 

o 

c 




— - 


- 
— 

■ e 

J3 ft 


'7 £ 


C 

£] ^ 

rS — 

X Z~ 


/. 


/ r- 


' ■ 


1,874 

2,28.5 
2,948 
2,648 
1.111 
2 022 
3,'082 
8,970 

74.'. 
2,517 
2,878 
3,281 
5,268 
1,713 
1.172 
2,036 

909 
1,317 
1 . 229 

570 
1,639 
3,403 
1 , 656 
5,4.52 
2,724 
4,777 
4,489 
5,350 
5,171 
2,097 
1,498 
3,959 
2,314 
4,511 

1 , 795 
1,837 

648 
2,782 
2,263 
9,318 
1,829 

802 

2, 105 
3,797 
3,573 
2,777 
1 . 393 
2,635 


(17.") 

396 

2,673 

2,212 

3,045 

190 

2,543 

2,110 

1 . 604 

2,059 

1,849 

757 

501 

96 

364 

1,185 

393 

236 

209 

270 

982 

116 

1 . 40S 

6,285 

503 

614 

2,573 

3,696 

3,847 

3.279 

145 

3,520 

2,485 

4,970 

2,177 

1.77(1 

14,8 

607 

354 

2,084 

94 

812 

2,659 

1,203 

6,147 

468 

2,874 

2,126 


1,374 
1,375 
3,115 

2.512 

955 

910 

9 : 

2.877 

429 

2,266 

2,091 

1 , 833 

1,050 

941 

744 

1,547 

436 

609 

681 

176 

1.124 

1.617 

1,711 

5,440 

2.411 

2,352 

3,188 

3,372 

3 , 909 

2.591 

716 

3 , 263 

2,137 

1,623 

1,876 

1,919 

500 

1 . 359 

1.382 

1,554 

1 , 033 
988 

2 . 923 
2.731 
3.55(1 

896 

935 

2.219 


291 

277 

2,847 

2,079 

1,789 

38 

2.815 

424 

925 

1 . 1,65 

1,170 

212 

103 

118 

104 

711 

103 

84 

98 

72 

4-08 

127 

1 , 366 

5, 187 

265 

252 

1,944 

1,561 

2,861 

2.92(1 

61 

2,879 

2,607 

4 , 607 

1,840 

1,908 

278 

228 

165 

493 

20 

618 

2,895 

997 

6,014 

110 

2,131 

2,259 


! 199 
1,922 
1,023 

2,829 
1 . 692 

1 , 732 
3 922 
7.978 

938 
2.3.52 

2 . 558 
2,699 
2.393 
1 . 660 
1.099 

1,616 

1,091 
1 , 785 
9)5 
663 
1,661 
3.232 
2.035 
5 , 602 
2,597 
4,041 
5,862 
7,622 
5,529 
3.015 
1 , 745 
4,633 
2,653 
6 149 
2,036 
2.383 
435 
2.269 
1 , 595 
7.540 
1.327 
1,139 
2,836 
4,400 
3,076 
2.541 
1,170 
2,793 


596 
36; 

3.847 
2.1(19 
3,127 

59 

2,766 
1,106 

2.129 

2.0(17 
2,158 

Us 
sl- 
um 
198 
895 
821 
319 
207 
105 
723 
367 
1.55 4 
5 785 

564 
3,979 
4,946 
4,718 

3,679 

171 

4.141 

2 631 

5,033 

2, 232 

L999 

1.59 

922 

239 

1,427 

1,5 

723 

2 . 755 

2 221 

4 ',022 

4S3 

2.297 

2,526 


■ 

6i 
1 297 
3,135 
2,592 
3,745 
4.711 

':. ;■ 
1.720 
2.842 
1.046 
7 280 
6,368 

3.19'. 

■ 
1.41! 

I ,965 
1.201 

7.539 
2.321 

7.205 

4 . 638 
" 781 

9,563 

1.587 
■ - '3 

5. >53 

3, 1 . 

•• 

_' 189 

801 

5 7 ' 7 

3,791 

- 

1.632 

6,217 
5,680 
5,972 
2,719 
3,275 


779 


Lenoir 


300 


Lincoln.. 




Macon._. . 


i :87 


Madison 


4.570 


Martin 

McDowell 


99 

2 596 


Mecklenburg 


5,740 


Mitchell.... 


3,294 


Montgomery _ 

M oore 

Nash 

New Hanover. 

Northampton 

< inslow ._ 


2.3.32 

2.490 

593 

1,015 

149 

221 


Orange 


1.237 


Pamlico.. 


758 


Pasquotank 


272 


Pender 

Perquimans. 


270 
209 


Person 


679 


Pitt 

Polk... 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 


246 

1,590 

6.385 

868 

858 


Rockingham 


3.240 


Rowan ._ 

Rutherford 


4,077 
1,88! 


Sampson 


4 . 906 


Scotland 


248 


Stanly 


4.290 
■',949 


Surry 


-. 


Swain... 


1.97.1 


Transylvania 

Tvrrell 


2SS 


L'nion 


1.014 


Vance 


225 


Wake 




Warren . .. 


"7 


Washington. 

Watauga.. . . 

Wavne 


703 
3.230 
1.724 


Wilkes 


9,74.5 


Wilson 


536 


Yadkin.. 


3,615 


Yam ey 


2.577 


Totals 


295,404 


184,393 


218.931 


142,891 


321.393 


210,761 


18 


221.534 



97 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRI- 
MARY, JUNE 2, 1934, BY DISTRICTS 



SECOND DISTRICT 



Counties 


John H. Kerr 


\ Did 




2,194 

2,515 
1,123 
3,965 
2,900 

2.705 
2,335 

2.7(11 


972 




1,602 




1,810 


Halifax... 


4 , 299 




2. liS". 




1,420 




782 




3,085 








Totals 


20,438 


16,655 







THIRD DISTRICT 



Counties 


u 

il 

c 


T. 

5 


- 




c 

c 

o 
3 






191 

2,778 
1,439 
628 
617 
437 
1 , 109 
439 
486 


12 
33 

138 

70 

200 

27 
489 

61 
892 


37 

127 

164 

119 

77 

80 

36 

37 

2.019 


580 
1,794 
451 
531 
803 
519 
421 
620 
742 


3,318 

697 
77 

585 
1 . 233 

471 
70 
36 

956 


11 


Craven.. 

Duplin - 


67 
1,453 




29 


Onslow 


283 




28 


Pender 


Ahi> 




1,726 




741 






Totals 


8,124 


1 , 922 


2.696 


6,461 


7,443 


4,823 







98 



Election Retl - rns 



Vote for Congressmen i.\ June Primary, L934, By 
I Districts — < Continued 



















_, 


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633 

110 

173 


1.730 
1,313 

5. 285 


1 . 758 
3,377 
3.303 
7,101 


14 
24 
17 
23 


! 


Franklin. .. ... _ 


2 


Johnston _. . . 


21 


Nash 


■>., 


Randolph _. 


609 


2 003 


2.144 


16 


' 


Vance . -. 


3,361 


805 


988 


15 


16 


Wake 


1 . 135 


7,776 


8. 70S 


3oll 


243 


Totals 


6,313 


19,660 


27,379 


469 


18 







FIFTH DISTRICT 



( bounties 



Caswell 

Forsyth 

Granville 

Person 

Rockingham 

Stokes 

Surry 

Totals 



F. \V. Hancock 


Lily Morehi 




Mebane 


1 , 682 


659 


8,293 


3,508 


3,832 


641 


2.083 


551 1 


4,43(1 


2,077 


1,902 


429 


4 . 256 


737 



26,*78 



,601 



SIXTH DISTRICT 





C 


mnties 


W 


Til 


B. U instead 


Bruce H. Carraw ay 


» 


4 . 622 
7,687 
6.373 
2 , 320 


746 




1 . 739 


Guilford 


2 , 838 




302 










TotaU 






21.002 


5.625 











Vote for Members of Conge 



99 



Vote for Congressmen in June Primary, L934, By 

DlSTRICTS Con \ i nil i'il 



SEVENTH DISTRICT 



Counties 


L. Claj ton ( Irant 


J. Bayard Clark 


Bladen ._ 


757 
597 
1 ,650 
566 
1,113 
4.131 
1,948 


2,86 1 
1,164 
1,367 
3,597 

3,149 
9,413 


Brunswick 


Columbus.. 


Cumberland 


Harnett 


New Hanover... 


Robeson... 




Totals 


10,762 


28,418 





TENTH DISTRK IT 



Couni ies 


11. C. Jones 


A. I,. Bulwinkle 


Avery 


.'ill 

1,111 

2,159 

4.477 

1, 192 

1 , 288 

1,028 

10. 128 

186 

844 


::". ' 


Burke 


2 357 


Catawba _ 


2 10 • 


Cleveland 


3 626 


Gaston _ .. 




Lincoln __ _ . 

Madison 


i l".; 


Mecklenburg. _. 


7 77'i 


Mitchell 


075 


Yancev 


1 495 








Totals 


26,214 











ELEVENTH DISTRICT 



Counties 


Zebulon 
Weaver 


Robert R. 
Mullikin 


James E. 
( >wen 


Edward B. 

\t k 1 


Buncombe 

Cherokee 


10,598 
1 874 
620 
757 
5, 153 
2,138 
2, U9 
.; . _*:; 1 
1 . 835 
1,946 
5,275 
1 , 202 
1.571 


1,300 

41 

30 

35 

1,460 

142 

l.'S 

177 

88 

107 

530 

125 

196 


J. 192 

289 

141 

15 

652 

339 
526 
189 

103 

• 

50 


■ i . 
37 


Clay.. 


10 


Graham.. _. . 


30 


Hayw 1 


L87 


Henderson 


- 


Jackson 

McDowell 


30 


M aeon .. .. 


18 


Polk 

Rutherford 

Swain... .. 


140 

11 


Transylvania . 


35 






Totals 


38,679 


1 . 785 


6.744 





100 



VOTE FOR MEMBER OF CONGRESS, SPECIAL ELEC- 
TION, JULY 7, 1934, FOURTH DISTRICT 

Short Term 



( lounties 


Harold 1). Cooley 


1 [obart Brantley 


Chatham.. 


950 
2,226 
2.769 
2.814 
1.144 
1,055 
•..923 


161 


Franklin 

Johnston _. . .. 


54 
243 


N ash 

Randolph 


166 

167 


Vance 

Wake 




43 

276 


Totals 


16,881 


1,110 









Vote foe Members of Congress 



101 



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106 



VOTE FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, 1932-1934 



MEW FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 
(Created in 1931 I 





1932 


1934 


( '(Mint ies 


■J. 

J. 

c 


— 
— 

:£ ■- 
- 

-£ - 
- 5 

So 


i>- — 




= 
| 1 


Caswell .- - 


1,790 
14,290 
3,799 
2,375 
7 . 557 
3 . 535 
7.479 


196 

5 . 676 
212 
594 
3,057 
2,894 
4.697 


855 


Forsvth - . 


9.8S4 


Granville.. . 


1 . 275 


Person . . . _. _ 


771 


Rockingham .- . .. 


5.406 


■itiiki- 


3,572 


Surrv - - -. -. 


6,455 






Totals ... 


40,825 


17,326 


28.221 







NEW SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 
(Created in 1931) 





1932 


1934 


Count i. s 


William 11. Umstcad 
1 (emocrat 


■ r. 

— n 

■- ~ 


- 

lo 


"«3 

- - 

'_ p. 


Alamance 


7,813 

7,994 

19. 281 

2,983 


5.275 5.512 
2.375 3,567 
9,342 9,953 
1.101 .'.209 


3,416 


Durham 


614 


Juilford 

:;ge 


4.477 
1,036 


Totals. ._ 


:;vu-| 


18,093 21,241 


9,543 



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112 

VOTE ON CALLING CONVENTION TO CONSIDER 
THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTI- 
TUTION OF THE UNITED STATES REPEALING 
THE EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT AND ELEC- 
TION OF DELEGATES. 



( !ounties 



For 

( 'nil vent ion 



No 
Convention 



Delegates 
For Repeal 

of the 
Eighteenth 
Amendment 



Delegates 
Against 
Repeal of tin- 
Eighteenth 
Amendment 



Alamance... 
\lexander... 
Alleghany. _. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell.... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland ... 
Columbus... 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck... 

Dare 

I lavidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood . .. 
Henderson . 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hvde 

Iredell 

.Jackson 

Johnston 



,541 
292 

856 

803 

660 

393 

.822 

821 

374 

492 

.620 

.033 

,916 

(137 

262 

828 

406 

,840 

580 

730 

438 

98 

.175 

.110 

,874 

,295 

547 

323 

.534 

411 

.098 

.432 

,036 

,729 

769 

.689 

235 

300 

577 

334 

, 550 

. 155 

,176 

,010 

.426 

348 

337 

247 

,619 

,105 

.835 



i 999 
2,509 

667 

2.220 

4 , 099 

1,912 

1 . 572 

1,715 

2.530 

1,315 

8.749 

41.413 

4,373 

3,869 

357 

1,706 

775 

6.076 

3,517 

2,342 

516 

872 

6.961 

2,894 

1,046 

2.877 

256 

424 

7.912 

2,996 

3,005 

3,393 

861 

10,535 

1,296 

10.193 

657 

902 

1,230 

1.234 

12,557 

1.411 

3.076 

4.040 

3,965 

1.045 

948 

885 

7,442 

2,797 

3,992 



1.527 

246 

853 

749 

703 

373 

1.812 

830 

341 

430 

5.391 

952 

1,911 

908 

262 

755 

392 

1.743 

509 

660 

440 



1,175 

1,074 

1,890 

1,311 

560 

323 

1.492 

365 

1.060 

3.435 

1,981 

3,475 

752 

2.584 

235 

267 

564 

332 

5.248 

2,170 

1,155 

1,987 

1.358 

337 

306 

245 

1,283 

1.109 

1,822 



5,440 

2,608 
683 

2.30!i 
4,070 

1 



936 
1.587 
1,706 
2.601 
1.441 
9,004 
4.616 
1,428 
3 . 978 

357 
1,818 

785 
6,324 
3.563 
2,453 

524 

876 
7.055 
2,941 
1,068 
2,890 

247 

424 
8.021 
3.023 
3,048 
3,419 

816 

10,995 

1,329 

10,371 

657 

967 
1,272 
1 , 236 
13,017 
1,397 
3,116 
4,115 
4,055 
1,057 

991 

- § 8 5 
7, 747 

2,803 

4.027 



Vote on Convention 
Vote on Calling Convention — Continued 



113 



Counties 


Fur 
Convent ion 


No 

Convention 


Delegates 

For Repeal 

of the 
Eighteent li 
Amendment 


I )elegat( s 

Al'.i 

Ri pea] of the 
Eightei nth 

Amctiilii 




333 

425 

1.374 

547 

600 

706 

1,161 

823 

6,127 

435 

380 

1,021 

1 , 750 

3,161 

317 

886 

952 

442 

1 . 194 

678 

323 

650 

2.143 

323 

842 

1.104 

1 , 320 

1,702 

3,072 

1,125 

846 

444 

846 

430 

1.375 

491 

918 

175 

1,005 

987 

4,483 

786 

450 

824 

1,618 

1,984 

1.908 

421 

265 


402 
1,938 
1.397 
4,039 
2,349 
3,431 

669 
3,497 
8,113 
2,800 
.'.701 
2.451 
2 -'." | 
L418 
2.228 

017 
1.533 

824 

750 
1,024 

641 

913 
1,843 
1,666 
7,697 
2.089 
4,712 
3,060 
5,594 
7.377 
4,759 
1.518 
4.082 
1,998 
4,832 
1 . 552 
1.002 

254 
3,040 
1,037 
5.77! 

875 

4S0 
3.180 
3,684 
4,423 
1.150 
3,545 
3, 137 


320 

404 

1,370 

513 

563 

030 

1,168 

797 

5.912 

261 

385 

1,015 

1 . 732 

3,094 



910 

961 

430 

1,200 

677 

304 

651 

1 991 

328 

763 

1,017 

1,271 

1 , 082 

3.015 

1 . 030 

S09 

393 

762 

407 

1,385 

403 

821 

1S2 

837 

971 

4.511 

774 

436 

070 

1 , 002 

1.930 

1,918 

357 

226 


414 


1 ee 


1 981 


Lenoir __ 


I 108 


Lincoln 


4 000 


Macon 


2 300 


-Madison.. .. 


3 527 


Martin . 


664 


McDowell. _. 


:; 548 


Mecklenburg 


8,430 


Mitchell 


2,960 


Montgomery 


2 696 


Moore 


2 513 


Nash 

New Hanover 


2.228 
1,318 


Northampton 


2 234 


Onslow. 


669 


• 'range ._ 


1 , 506 


Pamlico. 


850 


"Pasquotank. . 


763 


Pender. 


927 


Perquimans 


665 


Person. .. _ 


1,021 


Pitt 


1 , 807 


Polk... 


1 , 073 


Randolph 


7,0)79 


Richmond 


2.809 


Robeson 


4.790 


Rockingham 


3,205 


Rowan- 


5 .511 


R ut herf ord 


7. 101 


Sampson 


4,797 


Scotland . 


1 , 569 


Stanly 


4,204 


Strikes. ... _ 


2,024 


Surry... . . . 


4,892 


Swain. 


1,040 


Transylvania . . 


1,722 


Tyrrell 

Union _ 

Vance 


254 
3,228 
1,045 


Wake 

Warren _ 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wavne _ 


5.711 
886 
511 

3,446 

3,071 


Wilkes 


1 , 535 


„Wilson 

Yadkin... 


1. 163 
3,590 


Yancey . . 


3 , 230 






Totals 


120,190 


293,484 


115,482 


300 054 



PART V 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



1. Exec ctive Officials. 

2. Justices of the Supreme Court. 

'.',. Senators and Representatives in Congress. 

4. Members of the General Assembly. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS 

.T. C. B. EHRINGHAUS 

GOVERNOR 

J. 0. B. Ehringhaus was born at Elizabeth City, N. C. February 
5, 1882. Son of Erskine and Carrie C. (Matthews) Ehringhaus. 
University of North Carolina, 1901. A.B. ; LL.B.. 1903 ; Phi Beta 
Kappa Scholarship Society ; Delta Kappa Epsilon : Gimghoul. Law- 
yer. Member of House of Representatives 1905 and 1907. Solicitor 
First Judicial District, 1911-192::. Member North Carolina Bar 
Association and American Bar Association. First President Eliza- 
beth City Rotary Club. On November 8, 1932, he was elected Gover- 
nor by a majority of 285.096. the largest majority ever given a can- 
didate for Governor in North Carolina, and the largest vote given 
any candidate for office in North Carolina. Episcopalian. Married 
Miss Matilda Bradford Haughton of Washington, N. C. January 4. 
1912. Three children. J. C. B., Jr., Haughton and Matilda (twins). 
Address : Raleigh. N. C. 



STACEY WILSON WADE 

SECRETARY OF STATE 

Stacey W. Wade, Democrat, was born in Morehead City, August 
18, 1875. Son of Captain David B. and Sarah (Royal) Wade. At- 
tended public and private schools of Morehead City. General insur- 
ance. Was Chief Deputy Insurance Commissioner for twelve years 
with Colonel James K. Young Commissioner, succeeding him 
January 12, 1921, as State Commissioner of Insurance; was Presi- 
dent of Southern Group of Securities Commissioners. Vice-Presidenl 
National Association of (Blue Sky) Securities Commissioners, Presi- 
dent of Fire Marshals' Association of North America and a member 
of the Executive Committee of the National Convention of Insurance 
Commissioners. Resigned as Insurance Commissioner November 15, 
1927, to enter private business in Durham, reluming to Raleigh after 
two and a half years. In the primary of June 4. 1932, he was muni- 



1 18 BlOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Milled Democratic candidate Cor Secretary of State by a majority of 
38,623 and was elected November 8, 1932, by a majority of 288,523, 
the largesl vote ever given a candidate for Secretary of State. 
.Mason. Methodisl ; Steward. Married Miss Clyde Mann, of More- 
head City and Hyde County, December 7. 1905; three children, Louis 
Mann. Elizabeth Stacey and Chile Mann. Address: Raleigh. X. C. 



BAXTER DURHAM 

STATE AUDITOR 

Baxter Durham. Democrat, was horn in Durham, X. ('.. August 
20, 1878. Son of Columbus and Lila (Walters) Durham. Attended 
public schools of Durham and Raleigh, 1884-1892; Raleigh Male 
Academy. 1892-1894; Wake Forest College, 1894-1895. Traveling 
auditor. Department of State Auditor. Served as private, sergeant, 
captain and major in National Guard. 1907-1919. Elected State 
Auditor. November 2, 1020; reelected. November 4. 1024: reelected. 
November 6, 1928; reelected, November 8, 1032. President National 
Association of State Auditors. Comptrollers and Treasurers. 102.'}. and 
1024. 1027 and 1028. President Tar Heel Club. Raleigh. 1932-33. 
Baptist. Married Miss Lois Dosher of Southport. Address: Raleigh, 
X. C. 



CHARLES M. JOHNSON 

STATE TREASURER 

Charles Marion Johnson. Democrat, of Pender County, was born 
April 0. 1891, in Burgaw, N. C. Son of M. II. and Minnie (Norris.l 
Johnson. Attended Burgaw High School. Buie's Creek Academy. 
Bingham Military School. Married Miss Ruth Moore. March 8, 
1020. Deputy Clerk Superior Court Pender County, four years: 
District Tax Supervisor. Third X. C. Tax District. 2 years: 
Field Auditor. State Auditor's office, one year; Deputy State Audi- 
tor, three years; Executive Secretary, County Government Advisory 
Commission, four years; Director Local Government from March 4, 
1031. to November 17. V.KV2. when appointed by Governor Gardner 
State Treasurer of North Carolina. Elected November 2. 1o:;4. for 
unexpired term ending December 31. 1936. Address: Raleigh. X. C. 



Executive Officials 119 

CLYDE ATKINSON ERWIN 
SUPERINTENDENT PUBLIC [NSTRUCTION 

Clyde Atkinson Erwin. Democrat, was born in Atlanta. Georgia, 
February 8, 1S97. Son of Sylvanus and Mamie (Putnam) Erwin. 
Attended grammar schools of Charlotte and Waco and graduated 
from Piedmont High School. Lawndale, N. <'.. 1014. Attended Uni- 
versity of North Carolina 1915-1916 and subsequent summer schools. 
Life member National Education Association; member Department 
Superintendence N. E. A.: North Carolina Education Association, 
President 1932-1933: member National Committee on Rural Educa- 
tion; Regional Consultant National Committee on Emergency in 
Education. President Rutherfordton Kiwanis Club. 1932. Mason; 
all branches, including Shrine. Principal Gault School, Jonesboro, S. C, 
1916-1917; Waco High School. 1917-1919: Cliffside Public Schools. 
1919; Avondale Public Schools. 1923. Superintendent Rutherford 
County Schools. 1925-1934. Appointed State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction by Governor J. ( '. B. Ehringhaus. Oct. 24. 1934. succeed- 
ing the late Dr. A. T. Allen. Methodist. Leader in Marion District; 
Superintendent Cliffside Sunday School: teacher Ladies Class Luther- 
ford M. E. Church for the pasl ten years. -Married Miss Evelyn .Mil- 
ler of Waco. N. < '. : two children. Frances Elizabeth age twelve and 
Clvde A.. Jr.. age 5. Address: Raleigh. X. C. 



AARON ASHLEY FLOWERS SEA WELL 
ATTORNEY GENERAL 

A. A. F. Seawell. Democrat, of Lee County, was born near Jones- 
boro, Moore County. October 30, 1864. Son of A. A. F. and Jeanette 
Ann (Buie) Seawell. Attended Jonesboro High School. 1S77-1S79 ; 
University of North Carolina. Ph. 15. : Class of 1889, University Law 
School. 1892. Lawyer. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1901, 1913, and 1915; State Senator. 1907 and 1925. -Mason: Knights 
Templar; Shriner ; Junior Order United American Mechanics: High 
Priest Royal Arch Masons. Representative in General Assembly, 
1931. Appointed Assistant Attorney-General. July 1. 1931. Ap- 
pointed Attorney-General by Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus. January 
16, 1935, to succeed Attorney-General Dennis <;. Brummitt. Presby- 



120 Biographical Sketches 

terian; Ruling Elder since 1901. Married Miss Bertha Alma Smith, 
April 1l', L905; four sons and two daughters. Address: Chapel Hill, 
X. C. 



WILLIAM A. GRAHAM 

COMMISSIONER 01 AGRICUL1 I RE 

William A. Graham, Democrat, of Lincoln County, was born at 
old Graham homestead in same county. Sen of Major William A. 
and Julia (Cane) Graham. Attended Piedmont Seminary. Horner 
Military School, and University of North Carolina. Farmer. State 
Senator from the Twenty-Fifth Senatorial District, session 1923 : 
Chairman Committee on Agriculture at that session. Appointed 
Commissioner of Agriculture by Governor Morrison. December 26, 
1923, to till unexpired term of his father, deceased. Elected. Novem- 
ber 4. 19l*4. to succeed himself for a full term: reelected. November 
6, 1928; reelected. November 8, 1932. lias been active in Democratic 
party all his life: been member of precinct executive committee 
since becoming twenty-one years of age, now chairman; member ex- 
ecutive committee. Lincoln County, also a former member of the 
State Democratic Executive Committee. Member Executive Com- 
mittee Southern Association of Commissioners of Agriculture; former 
member of executive committee and president of National Association 
of Commissioners, Secretaries and Departments of Agriculture: 
Member of the National Conference on Weights and Measures. K. 
of P. Baptist. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



DANIEL CLINTON BONEY 

INSURANCE COMMISSIONER 

Daniel Clinton Boney, Democrat, was born in Elkin, N. C, Decem- 
ber ('.. 1895. Son of II. F. and Susan (McKinnie) Boney. Attended 
grammar and high schools of Elkin and Kinston ; University of 
North Carolina 1922. Lawyer. Appointed Insurance Commissioner 
by Governor McLean. November 15. 1927, to fill unexpired term; 
elected November 0. 192S : reelected, November 8. 1932. Served in 
World War with 113th Field Artillery. A. E. F., June. 1917. to De- 
cember, 1919. Kappa Sigma: Junior Order: Gimghouls, University 



Executive Officials 121 

of North Carolina. Presbyterian. Married, October 3, 192S to Miss 
Charlotte Elizabeth Johnson. Address: Raleigh, .V C. 



ARTHUR L. FLETCHER 

COMMISSIONER OF LABOR 

Arthur Lloyd Fletcher, Democrat, was born in Ashe County, near 
Jefferson, July 7. 1881. Son of Rev. James Floyd and Louisa 
(Parker) Fletcher. Attended Oak Hill Academy and Bridle Creek 
Academy, in Grayson County, Va., 1897-1899; Wake Forest College, 
B.A., 1907; Wake Forest Law School and University Law School, ob- 
taining law license in 1907. Chief Income Tax Division. ( >n"uv Col- 
lector Internal Revenue. Raleigh, 1019 to 1921; Deputy State Insur- 
ance Commissioner, 1921 to 1922. Captain 113th F. A. 30th Division. 
A. E. F., 1917-1919. Captain N. C. National Guard, 1920-1929; Major 
Ordnance Corps, X. C. X. G., since 1020: Major U. S. Officers Reserve 
Corps. Member of American Legion since its organization; Depart- 
ment Historian for ten years; Past Commander Raleigh Post No. 1. 
Mason. Baptist. Author History 113th F. A., History X. C. Depart- 
ment of the American Legion. Married Miss Mae Pitzer, of Ker- 
uersville, November 1. 1905. Actively engaged in newspaper work 
from 1007 to 1916 with Raleigh Times, Rockingham Post. Durham 
Sun. Lexington Dispatch, and Raleigh representative of Charlotte 
Observer, Asheville Citizen and Winston-Salem Journal; on the 
Mexican border with the National Guard as correspondent of the 
News vV Observer and army held clerk at Brigade Headquarters. 
Address : Raleigh, X. C. 



ALLEN .1. MAXWELL 
COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE 

Allen .1. Maxwell was born in Duplin County. January 24, LS73. 
Son of Hugh G. and Nancy (Mareadyi Maxwell. Attended Golds- 
boro public schools. Mayor Whiteville, 1898; Clerk State Senate 
1S99. Principal clerk 1001-1910; Clerk X. C. Corporation Commis- 
sion. 1010-1017; member Corporation Commission. 1917-1929; es of- 
ficio. Securities Commissioner. 1925-1929; President National Asso- 
ciation Securities Commissioners, 10127; Vice-President National As- 



1 22 Biographical Sketches 

sociation Railroad and Utilities Commissioners, 1929. Appointed 
Commissioner of Revenue by Governor Gardner in March, 1929, 
until January 1. 1933, sueeeedng Governor R. A. Doughton, who had 
been appointed Highway Commissioner. Baptist. Married Miss Delia 
Mav Ward, April 1893. Married: 1!>:;4. Address: Raleigh. N. C. 



(AITS MILLER WAYNICK 

CHAIKMAS STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION 

Cupus Miller Waynick, Democrat, was horn in Rockingham County, 
December 23, 1SS9. Son of Joshua J. N. and Anna (Moore) Waynick. 
Attended Rockingham County School. 1S98-1902 ; Greensboro public 
school, 1902-1907; University of North Carolina, 1907-1909. Member 
of North Carolina Press- Association. Entered National Army as a 
volunteer, 1918; served in training camp; commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenairi after Armistice. Representative in General Assembly, 19M1 : 
member of Senate, lit.'!.'!. Presbyterian. Married Miss Elizabeth 
McBee, of Lincolnton, June 19, 1915. Address: High Point. N. C. 



STANLEY WINB< >RNE 



STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

Stanley Winborne. Democrat, was horn at Murfreesboro. N 
August 25, 1SS6. Son of B. B. and Nellie (Vaughan) Winborne 
tended public schools: Dr. E. E. Parham's School: Murfreesl 
University of North Carolina. 1907, Ph.B. degree. Membe 
North Carolina Bar Association. Mason. Pi Kappa Alpha Frater- 
nity: Order of the Gorgon's Head. Kiwanis Club. Mayor Murfrees- 
boro, 1909-1910; County Attorney. 1911-1914; Representative from 
Hertford County. 1915-1919; Senator from First District. 1921: 
Presidential Elector. 1928. Methodist. Married Miss Frances Sharp 
Jernigan, April 17. 1912. Seven children. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



N. C. 

e. At- 

■esboro : 
er of 

•ater- 



JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT 



WALTER PARKER STACY 

CHIEF JUSTICE 

Walker Parker Stacy, born Ansonville, N. <'.. December 26, L884; 
son of Rev. L. E. and Rosa (Johnson) Stacy; educated Weaverville 
(N. ('. i College, 1895-1898; Morven (N. C.) High School. 1899-1902; 
University of North Carolina. A.B. 190S. attended Raw School, same, 
1908-1909, LL.D. (Hon.) 1923; married Maude DeGan Graff, of Lake 
Placid Club, N. Y.. June 15, 1929; practiced law in partnership with 
Graham Kenan, 1910-1916; represented New Hanover County in 
General Assembly of N. C. 1915; Judge Superior Court. 8th Judicial 
District. 1916-1920; elected. 1920. Associate Justice Supreme Court 
of North Carolina for full term: appointed by Governor A. \Y. 
McLean. March Id. 1925, to succeed Chief Justice Hoke (resigned) 
and in 1926, and again in 1934. nominated without opposition in 
primary and elected Chief Justice Supreme Court for 8-year terms, 
now serving; member American and North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tions. General Alumni Association University of North Carolina 
(president. 1925-1926); lecturer summers. 1922-1925 inclusive, in 
Law School University of North Carolina, tendered deanship of 
same. 1 ! »!'.'! ; lecturer Northwestern University School of Law. sum- 
mer sessions. 1926-1927; named by U. S. Board of Mediation, under 
Railway Labor Act. as neutral arbitrator to serve on Board of 
Arbitration (six members), and later elected chairman of board to 
settle wage controversy between the Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers and certain railroads in southeastern territory of United 
States. 1927-1928; appointed by President Coolidge, 192S, member of 
Emergency Board of live, under Railway Labor Ad. to investigate 
and report respecting a dispute between officers and members id' the 
Order of Railway Conductors and Brotherhood id' Railway Trainmen 
and certain railroads located west of the Mississippi River: named 
by U. S. Board of Mediation. January, 1931, to serve as neutral 
arbitrator in controversy between Brotherhood of Railroad Train- 
men and New York Central, the •'P.ijj; Four" and 1'. and L. E. Rail- 
roads, and again in November. 1931. to serve as neutral arbitrator in 
controversy between Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, 
etc., and Railway Express Agency. Appointed by President Hoover, 



124 Biographical Sketches 

L932, member of Emergency Board of three, Inter elected chairman 
of Board, to investigate and repori concerning a number of ques- 
tions in difference between L. and A. and L. A. and T. Railways 
and certain of their employees. Chairman Commission appointed 
to redraft Constitution Of North Carolina. 1931-1932. Appointed by 
President Roosevelt 1933-1934, member two Emergency Boards under 
Railway Labor Act. Again appointed by President Roosevelt. r.>".4. 
Chairman National Steel and Textile Labor Relations Boards. 
Methodist. Democrat. Residence: Wilmington, N. ('. Office: 
Raleigh, X. C. 



HERIOT CLARKSON 

A-soCIATE JUSTICE 

Heriot Clarkson. Democrat, of Charlotte. N. C, was horn at 
Kingville. Richland County, S. C, August 21. 1863. Son of Major 
William and Margaret S. (Simmons) Clarkson. Educated at the 
Carolina Military Institute of Charlotte. University Law School at 
Chapel Hill. Licensed by the Supreme Court of North Carolina to 
practice law. 1S84. Immediately thereafter began the practice of 
law at Charlotte. N. C. Alderman and Vice-Mayor of Charlotte. 
1887-1888; same posts in 1801-1.802. In 1899 member of House of 
Representatives, known as "White Supremacy Legislature." In that 
Legislature he introduced and passed in the House a hill which re- 
sulted in the establishment of the Textile Department of the State 
College. City Attorney of Charlotte. 1901-1004. Twice codified the 
city ordinances of Charlotte. 18S7 and 1901 : legal adviser under 
administration of Mayor T. L. Kirkpatrick. Solicitor of Twelfth 
Judicial District. 1904-1910. Author of "The Hornet's Nest." ap- 
pearing in the "North Carolina Booklet" of October, 1001. Delivered 
address to the Society of the Cincinnati on "The Heroic Incidents 
of the Life of General Francis Marion." On December 10. 1 V S0. 
married Mary Lloyd Osborne, of which union there are four living 
children. Mason ; life member Lodge No. 31, A. F. and A. M. at 
Charlotte: Noble of the Mystic Shrine (Oasis Temple) : Knight- of 
Pythias ; Jr. O. U. A. M. ; memher of the Society of Sons of the Revo- 
lution; Society of the Cincinnati, and the Huguenot Society of South 
Carolina. At one time was Lieutenant of the Hornet's Nest Rifle- 



JrSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT L25 

men of Charlotte. Thirty-odd years director in the Charlotte V. M. 
C. A. One of the original founders of the Crittenden Home and the 
Mecklenburg Industrial Home for Women. For many years a direc- 
tor of the Chamber of Commerce and "Made in the Carolinas" Ex- 
position. Chairman Anti-Saloon League when the saloon was voted 
out of Charlotte. July 5, 1904. Also President Anti-Saloon League 
when the saloon and distillery were voted out of the State on May 
27, 190S. Governor Robt. B. Glenn presented hi in with the pen with 
which he signed the Prohibition Proclamation. Trustee State Asso- 
ciation Y. M. C. A. of North Carolina. Was Chairman of the G I 

Roads Association Committee that drafted the tentative good roads 
act passed by the Legislature of 1921 substantially as drawn. He 
dratted the Mecklenburg Drainage Act and was the leader in estab- 
lishing the Belmont Vocational School at Charlotte, the first of its 
kind in the State. Episcopalian ; built St. Andrew's Chapel Char- 
lotte ; vestryman and senior warden of St. Peter's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church tor many years. Appointed Justice of the Supreme 
Court of North Carolina by Governor Cameron Morrison, May 26, 
1923; elected for unexpired term of Justice Piatt D. Walker; elected 
November 2, 1926, for term of eight years and re-elected in 1934. 
LL.L).. University of North Carolina. 192S. Residence: Charlotte. 
N. c. Office: Raleigh N. C. 



GEORGE WHITFIELD CONNOR 
ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

George W. Connor was born October 24, 1872. at Wilson. X. C. 
Son of Henry Groves and Kate Whitfield Connor. Prepared for 
college by Rev. P.. S. Bronson, Wilson. N. C. : A.B.. University of 
North Carolina. 1892; LL.D. University of North Carolina. 1928. 
Member of the House of Representatives from Wilson County. 1909, 
1911, 191.'!: Speaker of House of Representatives. 1913; Judge Supe- 
rior Court. 1913-1924; appointed by Governor Morrison Justice of 
the Supreme Court. 1924; re-elected for full term, November •'> 1928. 
Married Miss Bessie Hadley. Address: Raleigh, X. C. 



L26 Biographical Sketches 

WILLIS JAMES BROGDEN 

ASSOCIATE .H'STII I. 

Willis James Brogden, Democrat, Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court, \\;is born near Goldsboro, October 18, 1S7T ; son of Willis H. 
and Virginia (Robinson) Brogden. Attended Goldsboro Graded 
Schools. L891-1894; l'h.P,.. University of North Carolina. 1S9S ; Trinity 
College and University Law School. Licensed to practice in 1907. 
Member American and North Carolina Bar Associations. Mayor of 
Durham, 1911-1915. A. F. and A. M. : Past Master Durham Lodge, 
No. 352 : member Kiwanis Club. Appointed by Governor McLean 
:is Associate Justice of the Supreme Court to till the unexpired term 
of Judge Yarser ; elected to same office for the unexpired term. 
November 2, 1920; elected for the full term. November 0, 1928. 
Baptist. Married .Miss Lila Markham. January 9. 1917. Home 
address: Durham. N. ('. Office: Raleigh. N. ('. 



MICHAEL SCHENCK 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Michael Schenck. Democrat, was horn at Lincolnton, N. ('.. De- 
cember 11. 1870. Son of David and Sallie Wilfong ( Kamseur i 
Schenck. Attended Graded Schools of Greensboro. N. <\ : Oak Ridge 
Institute: University of North Carolina. 1897: Law School of Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1902-1903. Member of North Carolina 
Bar Association. Mayor of Hendersonville, 1907-1909. Solicitor of 
the Eighteenth Judicial District, 1913-191S : Major. Judge Advocate. 
United States Army. 1918-1919; Judge of the Eighteenth Judicial 
District. 1924-1934. Appointed by Governor .1. C. B. Ehringhaus, 
May 23. 1934. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of North 
Carolina to fill out the unexpired term of Justice W. J. Adams, de- 
ceased: elected in November. 1934. for full term of eight years. 
Member of Masons (A. F. and A. M. I : American Legion. Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States. Married Miss Pose Lew. 
1909. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS 



JOSIAH WILLIAM BAILEY 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Josiah William Bailey. Democrat, of Raleigh, Wake County, was 
born September 14. is?:'., in Warrenton, N. ('.. sun of Rev. Christopher 
Thomas Bailey ( Williamsburg. Va.) and Annie Sarah (Bailey) 
Bailey (Greensville County, Va.). Educated in the public schools 
of Raleigh, Raleigh Male Academy (Morson and Denson), and Wake 
Forest College, A.B., 1893; Wake Forest Law School; also private 
study of law under S. F. Mordecai. of Trinity College. Editor Bibli- 
cal Recorder, 1S93-1907. Licensed to practice law, February. F.tOs. 
Member Wake County Bar Association; X. C. Far Association: 
American Bar Association. United States Collector Internal Reve- 
nue, 1913-1921 : Elector-at-Large, N. C, 1908; member North Carolina 
Constitutional Commission, 1913-1914: member Raleigh Township 
School Committee and Wake County Board of Education. Baptist. 
Married Miss Edith Walker Pou, 1916; live children, two buys and 
three girls. Elected to the United States Senate. November 4. 1930, 
for the term beginning March 4, 1931, by a majority over his Re- 
publican opponent of 113,632. He is a member of the Senate Com 
mittees on Commerce. Postoffices and Post Loads. Military Affairs 
and Claims. Home address: Raleigh. N. C. 



ROBERT RICE REYNOLDS 

IMTKl) STATES SENATOR 

Robert Rice Reynolds. Democrat, of Asheville. was born. June 
is. 1SS4. in Asheville. X. C. Son of William 4'. and Mamie (Spears) 
Reynolds. Educated in the public schools of Asheville. Weaverville 
College and University of North Carolina, 1902-1905; University 
Paw School. 1907. Lawyer. Member of Buncombe County Bar 
Association and North Carolina Bar Association. Solicitor Fifteenth 
Judicial District, 1911-1915; Captain Troop "B," N. C N. C... 1912- 
1916; Junior Order. Pythian. Elk, Woodman. Moose; Beta Theta Pi 
College Fraternity: Methodist. Author of ••Wanderlust" and "Gypsy 
Trails." Married Miss Eva Brady. 



128 Biographical Sketches 

Nominated in the Democratic primary, July 2, 1932, for United 
States Senator by a majority of 107,436. the largest majority on 
record in a Senatorial primary. 

Elected to the United States Senate. November 8. 1932, for the 
short term ending March 4. 1933, and the long term of sis years 
beginning March 4. 1933, by a majority over his Republican opponent 
of over 262,000, the largesl ever given in North Carolina to a Sena- 
torial candidate. Two children: Robert R. Reynolds, Jr., and Miss 
Frances Reynolds. Home address: Asheville, X. C. 



REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 



LINDSAY CARTER WARREN 

(First District — Counties: Beaufort, Camden. Chowan. Currituck, 
Dare, Gates. Hertford, Martin. Hyde. Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, 
Tyrrell, and Washington. Population, 224.768.1 

Lindsay Carter Warren. Democrat, was born at Washington. N. C, 
December 16, 1SS9. Son of Charles F. and Elizabeth Mutter (Blount) 
Warren. Received his preparatory education at Bingham School, 
Asheville, 1903-190G. Student University of North Carolna, 1906- 
1908; Law School, U. N. ('.. 1911-1912. Admitted to the Bar. Febru- 
ary, 1912. Chairman Democratic Executive Committee of Beaufort 
County. 1912-1925. County Attorney of Beaufort County. 1012-1925. 
State Senator. D17 and 1919. President pro tempore State Senate. 
1919. Member Code Commission compiling Consolidated Statutes. 
1919. Representative from Beaufort County, 1923. Trustee. Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1921-1925. Member Alpha Tau Omega 
(college) fraternity. Elk. Episcopalian. Married Miss Emily D. 
Harris. February, 1916. Three children. Elected to Sixty-ninth, 
Seventieth, Seventy-first, Seventy-second, and Seventy-third Con- 
gresses and re-elected to the Seventy- fourth Congress. November, 
11)34. Home address : Washington. N. C. 



Representatives in Congress 129 

JOHN HOSEA KERR 

i second District — Counties: Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax, 
Lenoir, Northampton. Warren, and Wilson. Population, 276,794.) 

John Hosea Kerr. Democrat, of Warrenton. was born at Yancey- 
ville, December 31, 1873. Son of ("apt. John H. Kerr, of the con- 
federate Army, and Eliza Katherine (Yancey) Kerr. Was ;i student 
in Bingham School, and graduated from Wake Forest College, North 
Carolina, with degree of A.B. in 180."); studied law and was admitted 
to the bar in 1895, when he moved to Warrenton and entered upon 
the practice of his profession. Married Miss Ella Foote, of War- 
renton, and they have two sons — John Hosea and James Yancey. 
Elected Solicitor of the Third District and served eleven years. 
While Solicitor was elected Judge of the Superior Court and served 
seven years. While serving on the bench was nominated for < 'on- 
gross to succeed Hon. Claude Kitchin, deceased, and was elected at a 
special election held November <;, 1!>i!:;. only one vote being cast 
against him. Elected to the Sixty-ninth. Seventieth, Seventy-first, 
and Seventy-second and Seventy-third Congresses, and re-elected to 
Seventy-fourth Congress. November, 1934. Home address: Warren- 
ton. X C. 



GRAHAM ARTHUR BARDEN 

{'third District — Counties: Carteret. Craven. Duplin. Jones. Ons- 
low. Pamlico. Pender. Sampson, and Wayne, i 

Graham Arthur Harden. Democrat, was born in Sampson County. 
X. C, September 25, 1896. Son of .lames Jefferson and Mary Robin- 
son (James) Harden. Attended Burgaw High School: University 
of North Carolina. LL.B. degree. Attorney at law. Member of Phi 
Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Sigma Chi fraternity. Member of 
Sudan Shrine; Doric Masonic Lodge: Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks: American Legion: Junior Order United American 
Mechanics; .Master of Doric Lodge. 1928; Exalted Ruler of the Elks 
Lodge; Commander of the American Legion; Counsellor of the 
Junior Order. Served in the United States Navy dining the World 
War. Judge of Craven County Court. Representative from Craven 
County to General Assembly, 1933. Presbyterian; Deacon of first 
Presbyterian Church. New Bern. Married Miss Agnes Foy. Ad- 
dress: New Bern, N. c. 

9 



130 Biographical Sketches 

HAROLD DUNBAR COOLEY 

{Fourth District Counties: Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, Nash. 
Randolph, Vance, and Wake. Population, 322,346.) 

Harold Dunbar Cooley, Democrat, was born at Nashville, N. C. 
Son of Roger A. P. and Hattie Gertrude (Davis) Cooley. Attended 
public schools of Nash County: University of North Carolina; Yale 
University. Attorney at law. Member of Nash County Bar Asso- 
ciation; Rocky Mount Par Association: American Bar Association: 
Ex-Presidenl of Nash County and Rocky Mount Bar Associations. 
Member of Junior Order United American Mechanics; Phi Delta 
Phi Legal Fraternity; Phi Delta Theta, National Social Fraternity. 
In 191S, though under 21 years of age. entered the service of United 
States as a volunteer and was assigned to duty in the Naval Aviation 
Flying Corps and stationed at camp in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
In 1932 selected as the Presidential Elector from the Fourth Con- 
gressional District and listed at the Slate Democratic Headquarters 
as one of the party's chief speakers. Elected. July 7. 1934. from 
Fourth X. C. District to fill unexpired term of Congressman E. W. 
Pou, deceased. Elected, November 6, 1!>:!4. to Seventy-fourth Con- 
gress. Baptist; deacon. Married Miss Madeline Strickland. Ad- 
dress : Nashville. N. C. 



FRANKLIN WILLS HANCOCK, Jr. 

(Fifth District — Counties: Caswell. Forsyth. Granville, Person, 
Rockingham. Stokes. Surry. Population. 293,779.) 

Franklin Wills Hancock. Jr.. only son of Franklin Wills Hancock 
and Lizzie Hobgood Hancock, was Porn in Oxford, Granville County. 
North Carolina, on November 1. 1S94. He graduated from the 
Oxford Graded Schools at the age of 13; attended Horner Military 
Academy for one year, and completed his education at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. In 1915-1916 he served as secretary to 
his uncle, Colonel Frank Hobgood, of Greensboro, Special Assistant 
to the Attorney-General of the United States. In August, 1916. he 
received his license to practice law. and has continued the practice 
of his profession in Oxford since that time. In 1924 he was elected 
Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of Granville 
County, and in tin' same year was also elected Presidential Elector 
Of the Fifth District of North Carolina. He was elected without 



Representatives in Congress 131 

opposition to the State Senate in 1926 to represent the Twenty-first 
District, composed of Granville ami Person ((unities, and in P.rjs was 
elected without opposition to represent Granville County in the Slate 
House of Representatives. He was recognized as a leader in both 
sessions, and was co-author of the school hill which bears his name. 
He is recognized as one of the leading business men in his section 
of the State. He is a director of and attorney for the First .National 
Bank of Granville vice-president of the Granville Heal Estate and 
Trust Company, and trustee of the Colored Orphanage of North 
Carolina. He is a Mason. Shriner, a member of the North Carolina 
Bar Association, of Kappa Alpha Fraternity; is an ex-service man. 
and is a member of the Oxford Rotary Club and of the Baptisl 
Church. In 1917 he was married to Lucy Osborn Landis, oldesl 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Hamlin I.andis. of Oxford. 1 1 < - 
i< the father of six children. Un November 4. 1930, he was elected 
to the Seventy-first Congress to till the unexpired term of Major 
Charles Manly Stedman. and at the same time was elected to the 
Seventy-second Congress. Re-elected to the Seventy-third and 
Seventy-fourth Congresses. Home address: Oxford, N. C. 



WILLIAM BRADLEY UMSTEAD 

(Si.rtli District- Counties: Alamance, Durham. Guilford, and 
Orange. Population. 263,517.) 

William Bradley Umstead. Democrat, of Durham, was born in 
Durham County, May 13, 1895. Son of John W. and Lulie i Luns- 
ford) Umstead. Educated at Durham High School, University of 
North Carolina. A.B. 1910; Law School Duke University, L919-1920. 
Lawyer. Member Durham County Bar Association and North Caro- 
lina Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney Durham County R< 
coi-der's Court. 1922-1926. Solicitor Tenth Judicial District. 1926- 
1933. First Lieutenant 317th Machine Gun Battalion. 81s1 Division. 
Engaged in actual service in France. 1917 to April. 1919. In Xo 
vember. 1932, elected to Seventy-third Congress and re-elected to 
Seventy-fourth Congress. November. 1934. Junior Order; Pythian; 
Mason. Methodist : steward and teacher of Men's Bible Class. Mar- 
ried Miss Merle Davis, of Rutherford County. September 5, 1929. 
Address : I >urham, N. ( '. 



132 Biographical Sketch] - 

JEROME BAYARD CLARK 

(Seventh District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus. Cum- 
berland, Harnett, Now Hanover, and Robeson. Population. 20S,ri79. » 

Jerome Bayard Clark. Democrat, of Fayetteville, was horn April 
5, 1882, in Elizabethtown. Son of John Washington and Catherine 
Amelia (Blue) Clark. Educated at Clarkton High School. 1900- 
1902; Davidson College; University of North Carolina Law School, 
1906. Lawyer. Representative in General Assembly from Bladen 
County. 1915. Presidential Elector Sixth District. 1916. Member 
of State Judicial Conference, 1924-192S. Mason; Knights of Pythias. 
Presbyterian. Married Miss Helen Purdie Robinson, June 2. 1908; 
four children. Elected to Seventy-first, Seventy-second, and Seventy- 
third Congresses, Re-elected to the Seventy-fourth Congress. Home 
address: Fayetteville. N. C. 



JOHN WALTER LAMBETH. Jr. 

(Eiffhth District — Counties: Anson. Davidson, Davie. Hoke, Lee, 
Montgomery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union. Wilkes, and Yadkin. 
Population, ol6614.) 

John Walter Lambeth, Jr.. Democrat was born in Thomasville. 
January 10, 1S96. Son of John W. and Daisy (Sumner) Lambeth. 
A.B. Trinity College. 1910: post-graduate work. Harvard School of 
Business Administration, 1916-1917. State Senator. 1921. Mayor of 
Thomasville, 1925-1929. Enlisted as private and served with first 
American Army at St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne, World War. 
Rotarian; Mason; Jr. O. U. A. M. ; P. O. S. A.: Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution: American Legion; Kappa Sigma. Methodist. Fur- 
niture manufacturer, banker and farmer. Elected to the Seventy- 
second and the Seventy-third Congresses. Re-elected to the Seventy- 
fourth Congress. November. 1934. Home address: Thomasville. N. C. 



ROBERT LEE DOUGHTON 

{Ninth District — Counties: Alexander. Alleghany. Ashe. Cabarrus, 
Caldwell, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly, and Watauga. Population, 262, 21M. i 

Robert L. Doughfon. Democrat, Laurel Springs, was born at 
Laurel Springs, November 7, 1863. Educated in the public schools 



Representatives in Congri 133 

and at Laurel Springs Mini Sparta High Schools. Farmer and stuck 
raiser. Appointed a member of the Hoard of Agriculture in 1903 
Elected to the Stare Senate from the Thirty-fifth Districi in 190S. 
Served as a director of the State Prison from 1909 to 1911. Elected 
to the Sixty-second. Sixty-third. Sixty-fourth. Sixty-fifth, Sixty- 
sixth, Sixty-seventh. Sixty-eighth, Sixty-ninth, Seventieth, Seventy- 
first, Seventy-second and Seventy-third Congresses. Re-elected to the 
Seventy-fourth Congress. November. 1934. Home address: Laurel 
Springs, N. < !. 



ALFRED LEE BULWINKLE 

iTcnth- District — Counties: Mecklenburg, Gaston, Cleveland, Lin- 
coln. Catawba. Burke. Madison. Mitchell. Yancey, and Avery. Popu- 
lation, 414,808.) 

A. L. Bulwinkle, Democrat. Gastonia, Gaston County, N. C, born 
April 21, 1S83. Attended school at Dallas, N. C. Studied law al 
University of North Carolina under private instructor. Lawyer. 
Prosecuting Attorney Municipal Court of City of Gastonia. 1913- 
1916. Nominated as Senator for the General Assembly by the Demo- 
cratic party, 1916: withdrew on account of military services on the 
Mexican border. Captain First Infantry. N. C. X. G.. 1909-1917. 
Major, commanding Second Battalion. 113th Field Artillery. 55th 
F. A. Brigade, 30th Division. 1017-11)10. 

Married Miss Bessie Lewis. Dallas. X. C. 1911; two children, 
Frances McKean and Alfred Lewis. Served on various committees 
of the Democratic party from 1004-1020. Member of Gaston Post 
No. 23, American Lesion. Mason. Jr. O. U. A. M. Member of North 
Carolina and American Bar Association; Lion. Lutheran. Elected 
to Sixty-seventh. Sixty-eighth, Sixty-ninth, and Seventieth Con- 
gresses. Defeated for re-election to the Seventy-first Congress and 
re-elected to the Seventy-second Congress. Re-elected to the Seventy- 
third and Seventy-fourth Congresses. Home address: Gastonia. X. C. 



13 | Biographical Sketches 

ZEBULON WEAVER 

(Eleventh District Counties: Cherokee, Buncombe, Clay, Graham, 
Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, McDowell, Macon. Polk, Rutherford, 
Swain. Transylvania. Population, 293,392.) 

Zebulon Weaver, Democrat, of Buncombe County, was born in 
Weaverville. N. C -May 12. 1872. He is the son of W. E. and 
Hannah E. (Baird) Weaver. A.B. of Weaverville College, 18S9. 
Studied law at the University of North Carolina. 1804. Lawyer. 
Represented Buncombe County in the General Assembly of North 
Carolina in 11)07 and 1909. State Senator. 1913 and 101.".. After a 
dose contest with James J. Britt, Republican, in 1916, was declared 
elected Representative in the Sixty-fifth Congress. Elected to the 
Sixty-sixth. Sixty-seventh. Sixty-eighth, Sixty-ninth. Seventieth, 
Seventy-second, and Seventy-third Congresses. Re-elected to the 
Seventy-fourth Congress. Methodist. Married Miss Anna Ilyman. 
of New Bern, N. C. Has live children. Home address: Asheville. 
North Carolina. 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
SENATORS 



ALEXANDER HAWKINS GRAHAM 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE 

Alexander Hawkins Graham, Democrat. Lieutenant-Governor, was 
horn in Hillsboro, August 9, 1890. Son of John W. and Maggie F. 
(Bailey) Graham. Educated in the Episcopal High School. Alex- 
andria. Va., 1906-1908. A.B. University of North Carolina. 1012. 
Attended University of North Carolina Summer Law School. 1!>12- 
1913, and Harvard Law School. 1913-1914. Lawyer. Member North 
Carolina Bar Association. Commissioned Second Lieutenant at Fort 
Oglethorpe in 1017; promoted to First Lieutenant and then to Cap- 
tain, serving overseas with the Slst Division. Member of the House 
of Representatives, 1921. 1923, 1925. and 1027: Speaker of House of 
Representatives, 1020. Fleeted Lieutenant-Governor, November 8, 
1932. Episcopalian. Married Miss Kathleen Long in August. 1917. 
Address: Hillsboro, N. C. 



State Senators 135 

JULIAN RUSSELL ALLSBROOK 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sen- 
ators. > 

Julian Russell Allsbrook, Democrat. Senator from the Fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Roanoke Rapids, X. ('.. February 
17. 1903. Son of William Clemens and Bennie Alice (Waller) Alls- 
brook. Graduated from Roanoke Rapids Public Schools in 1920. 
Attended University of North Carolina. 1920-1924; Law School, 
1922-1924. President of the student body at the University of .North 
Carolina, 1923-1924. and member of "Golden Fleece." Permanent 
Vice-President of Class of L924. Lawyer. Member Board of School 
Trustees. Roanoke Rapids. 1932-1935; member Board of Town Com- 
missioners in 1925. .Mason. Widow's Son Lodge No. 519, A. F. & 
A. M.. Jr. O. U. A. M.. Woodmen of the World: Phi Alpha Delta 
Law Fraternity. Tan Kappa Alpha Debating Fraternity. Baptist. 
Married Miss Frances Virginia Brown, June 24, 1926. Address: 
Roanoke Rapids. X. C. 



DUDLEY WARREN BAGLEY. 

(First District — Counties: Camden. Chowan. Currituck. Gates. 
Hertford. Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

Dudley Warren Bagley. Democrat, Senator from the First Sena- 
torial District, was horn at Moyock, April IS, 18S9. Son of Raleigb 
Old and Eva Ferryman (Dudley) Bagley. Attended Trinity Park 
School. Durham. 1906-1908; Trinity College. 1909-1910; School of 
Engineering, University Virginia, 1911-1912. Farmer. Received 
certificate of Meritorious Service to Agriculture from North Caro- 
lina State College, 1931. Trustee of University of North Carolina. 
Member Currituck County Highway Commission. 1925-1929. Second 
Lieutenant U. S. Army. Infantry and Machine (Inn School. World 
War. Kappa Alpha College Fraternity. Vice-President Bank of 
Currituck, Moyock. X. C. State Senator. 1933. Married Miss Ida 
Frost Bray. September 10, 1917. Address: Moyock. X. C. 



L36 Biographical Sketches 

CARL LeROY BAILEY 

(Second District Counties: Beaufort, Dare Hyde. Martin, Pam- 
lico. Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Carl LeRoy Bailey, Democrat, Senator from the Second Senatorial 
District, was born at Roper, October :',0, 1808. Son of Benjamin F. 
and Sarah V. (Williams) Bailey. Attended R'oper Graded School 
and Roper High School. 1906-1916; Wake Forest College. 1916-1919, 
receiving LL.B. degree June. 1919. Lawyeyr. Judge of Washington 
County Recorder's Court, 1919-1924. Representative from Washing- 
ton County in the General Assembly of 1925; State Senator. 1933. 
Served in World War from October. 1918, to December. 1919. Mason. 
Warden and Master of Lodge. Baptist. Married Miss Vivian Put- 
nam in 1!>22. Address: Roper, N. C. 



JAMES AUDREY BELL 

{Twentieth District — Counties: Cabarrus and Mecklenburg. Two 
Senators. | 

James Ardrey Bell, Democrat. Senator from the Twentieth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Mecklenburg County. September. 1868. 
Son of Robert C. and Mary Jane (Ardrey) Bell. Educated at Caro- 
lina Academy; A.B. Trinity College. 1886; B.L. University Virginia, 
1SS9. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association. N. C. Bar 
Association and Mecklenburg County Bar Association. Member 
Slate Democratic Executive Committee. 190S-1930; District delegate 
to National Democratic Convention 1908; Delegate to National Demo- 
cratic Convention 1928. Member Draft Board for Charlotte and 
later for the Western District of North Carolina. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Miss Jessie S. Spencer. January 24. 1900. Address: Charlotte. 
N. C. 



JOHN D. BLANTON 

{Twenty-seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, Henderson. Mc- 
Dowell. Folk and Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

John D. Blanton, Democrat. Senator from the Twenty-seventh 
Senatorial District, was horn at Dysartville. McDowell County. No- 
vember 12. 1S70. Son of William M. and Josephine (Setzer) Blan- 



State Senators L37 

ton. Attended schools of Marion and Bingham School, one year. 

Merchant. Member Marion Merchants' Association. Chairman 
McDowell County Democratic Executive Committee several years; 

Chairman County Board of Commissioners, 1929-1930. Baptist. 

Married Miss Nancy D. Fleming. November 28. 1900. Addre: 
Marion. X. C. 



■ss 



VANCE A. BROWNING 

{Thirty-third District — Counties: Cherokee. Clay. Graham and 
Swain. One Senator.) 

Vance A. Browning, Democrat. Senator from the Thirty-third 
Senatorial District, was horn in Macon County. X. < '.. May '.t. 1S92. 
Son of Charley R. and Kansas L. (Calor) Browning. Attended Oak 
Grove Elementary School and Iotla High School and Cowee High 
School. Clerk Superior Court Swain County. 1926-1934. Register 
of Deed- Swain County, 1923-1924. Honorary member Twentieth 
District Ear Association. Jr. O. U. A. M. Baptist. Deacon; Sunday 
School Superintendent. 1926-1934; President Swain County Sunday 
School Interdenominational Association. 1925-1929; now Superin- 
tendent Sunday School Work in Tennessee River Baptist Associa- 
tion. Served two years as Chairman of American Red Cross chap- 
ter of Swain County. Married Miss Nannie Belle West. July 21. 
1915. Address: Bryson City. N. < '. 



JOHN T. BURETS 

{Seventeenth District Counties: Guilford and Rockingham. Two 
Senators, i 

John T. Burrus, Democrat, Senator from the Seventeenth Sena- 
torial District, was horn in Surry County. 1877. Son of J. G. and 
Elizabeth (Reece) Burrus. Attended Yadkin Valley Institute: Fair- 
view Institute; Davidson College, M.B., 1899; Baltimore Medical. 
1900; (M.D.) Grant University, 1902; N. Y. Poly Clinic; X. Y. Post- 
Graduate ; New York Cancer; St. Mary's, London; American College 
of Surgeons (F.A.C.S.). Surgeon. Member of Tri-State Medical 
Society. North Carolina Medical Society. Southern Medical Asso- 
ciation. Guilford County Medical Society. Medical Corps U. S. A.. 
Et. Col. Fellow of America College of Surgeons; Past President, 



138 B raphical Sketches 

X. c. Medical Society; Pasl President, North Carolina State Board 
of Health; Pasl President, Association of the Southern Railway 
Surgeons; Visiting Surgeon, Davidson Hospital, Lexington, X. C. 
Visiting Surgeon, Mills Home, Thomasville, X. C. Chief of Staff, 
Randolph Hospital. Asheboro. X. C. Chief of Staff, Burrus Memo- 
rial Hospital. High Point, X. C. Member City Council High Point 
for six years. Enlisted military service, May. 1917; Major Medical 
Corps; Chief of Surgery, Base Hospital, Camp Bouregard. 1918; Lt. 
Col. Med. Corps: Visiting Consulting Surgeon; Commanding Officer. 
Camp Bouregard. Relieved from active duty. 1919. Member Rotary 
Club, High Point: .Masonic Shrine: odd Fellows: Elks; Junior 
order: Past Master, Jr. Order; member of Board of Directors Guil- 
ford County Tubercular Sanatorium. Member of X. C. State Senate. 
1931. Baptist. Married Miss Mary B. Adkins, 1899. Address: High 
Point. X. C. 



KAY G. CARSON 

(Twenty-eighth District — Counties: Alexander. Burke and Cald- 
well. ( >ne Senator, i 

Ray (J. Carson. Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-eighth Sena- 
torial Hist tier, was born in Taylorsville, X. C. Son of John Robert 
and Clem (Childres) Carson. Attended Taylorsville High School; 
Lincoln Memorial University; University of North Carolina. George 
Washington University Law School. Business man. Mason. Shriner ; 
Junior Order United American Mechanics. Author of ""Why Go To 
College?" Baptist. Address: Taylorsville, X. C. 



WILLIAM (J RIMES CLARK 

(Fourth District Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sen- 
ators, i 

William G. Clark, Democrat. Senator from the Fourth Senatorial 
District, was horn in Tarboro, April 28, 1877. Son of William S. 
and Lossie (Crist I Clark. Attended Horner's School. 1 891-1893 ; 
University of North Carolina. 1893-1897. Member D. K. E. Fra- 
ternity. Fertilizer supply merchant and farmer. President Tarboro 
Ginning Co., Cotton Belt Land Co.; Vice-President Edgecombe 
Homestead Building and Loan: Director Jefferson Standard Life 



State Senators 139 

Insurance Co.. Greensboro; member Board of Trustees Edgecombe 
General Hospital; Chairman of the Executive Committee, Board of 
Directors of State Hospital, Raleigh; member Board of Town Com- 
missioners, Tarboro, 1901-1907; Chairman Board of County Com- 
missioners, 1914-1920. Delegate to National Democratic Conven- 
tion. Baltimore. 1912. and Chicago, 1932. Member Board University 
Trustees. Director Regional Agricultural Credit Loan Bank, Raleigh. 
State Senator. 1927, 1929, 1931, and President pro tern, of Senate, 
1933. Episcopalian. Married Miss Ruth Duval Hardisty, April 17. 
1901. Address: Tarboro. X. C. 



ROBERT DEE COBURN 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort. Dare, Hyde. .Martin, Pam- 
lico, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators.! 

Robert Lee Coburn, Democrat, Senator from the Second Sena- 
torial District, was born at Dardens, N. C, June 5, 1895. Son of 
William Thompson and Anna Beatrice (McCaskey) Coburn. At- 
tended Dardens Graded School. 1902-1916, and the University of 
North Carolina, 1920-1922. Lawyer. Mayor of Williamston, 1925- 
]!>:;::; Chairman School Board since 1932. Served in World War. 
April. I'llS. to April. 1919, 105th Engineers of the 30th Division in 
the A. E. F. Married Miss Martha Harrison, February lb. 1931. 
Address: Williamston, X. C. 



ARTHUR BENJAMIN COREY 

(Fifth District — County : Pitt. One Senator.) 

Arthur Benjamin Corey. Democrat. Senator from the Fifth Sena- 
torial District, was born at Winterville. Pitt County. December lit. 
1891. Son of James Henry and Sudie Delitha (Tucker) Corey. 
Attended Winterville High School. 1907-1910. University of North 
Carolina, 1915-1917. Lawyer. Member and Secretary. Pitt County 
Bar Associaton since 1924; member North Carolina l'>ar Association. 
Corporal Battery "C" 113th Field Artillery. August 1, 1917 to Augusl 
28, 191S. Personnel Sergeant Hq. Co. 113th F. A.. Augusl 28, L918, 
to April .".. 1919. .Member Greenville Lodge A. F. and A. M. : 'Par 
River Lodge. No. '.).".. Knights of Pythias: Commander. 1929; With- 



] in Biographical Sketches 

lacoochie Tribe, No. 35, Improved Order of Red Men: District 
Sachem, L932. Post Adjutant, Raleigh Post No. 1. American Legion, 
1920; ]'■ si Commander, 1921; Vice-Commander Department of North 
Carolina American Legion, 1928; Post Commander Pitt County Post 
No. 39, 1929; Post Commander Veterans Foreign War-. Posl No. 
2615, L932. Senator from Fifth Senatorial District. 1933. Methodist. 
Teacher. Carson Wesley Bible Class. Married Miss Hazel Norman 
Kennedy. April 7. 192S. Address: Greenville, N. C. 



JAMES ALLAN DUNN 

(Twenty- first District — County: Rowan. One Senator.. 

James Allan Dunn. Senator from the Twenty-first Senatorial Dis- 
trict, was born September 2, 1894. Son of Willam Murdoch and 
Lucy Anne (Mountford) Dunn. Attended University of North Caro- 
lina. Attorney at law. Prosecuting Attorney of Rowan County. 
1930-1932. Judge of Rowan County Court, 1932-1934. Served with 
Co. "D" 54th Infantry Regulars, A. E. F., 1918-1919; also served as 
Laison" with 201st French Territorials; saw service in 
idemer and Guebviller Secteurs and in the Meuse-Argonne o\ 
sive. Member of all York Rite Masonic bodies; Knights of Pythias: 
American Legion. Taught French in Salisbury High School for five 
years. Admitted to North Carolina Bar. August 22, 1921. Epi 
Italian: St. Luke's Parish, Salisbury, N. C. Married Mi-- Lois 
Eugenia Sanford, of Laurinburg, N. C. July 20, 1927. One daughter. 
Address : Salisbury. X. C. 



WESLEY LUTHER FERRELL 

(Tn •' District County: Forsyth. One Senator.) 

Wesley Luther Ferrell. Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-sec ■ 
District, was born in Durham. August 28, 1895. Son of William L. 
and Mary (Walker) Ferrell. Attended Winston High School: A.B. 
Trinity College (Duke), 1916; Trinity Law School, 1910-1917: 1919- 
1920. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association, North Carolina 
Bar A Nation and Forsyth County Bar Association. Representa- 
tive from Forsyth County in 1923. First Lieutenant U. S. Army. 
August. 1917. to July. 1919. Mason. Methodist. Married Miss Jane 
Ruffin. October 23. 1924. Address : Winston-Salem. N. C. 



State Senators 141 

FRED FOLGER 

(Ticenty-third District — Counties: Stokes and Surry. One Sen- 
ator.) 

Fred Folger, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-third Senatorial 
District, was born at Dobson, September 12. 1900. Sun of John 
Hamlin and Maude (Douglas) Folger. Attended University of 
North Carolina. 1918-1919; Trinity College, 1919-1923; Trinity Law 
School. 1921-1923. Lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Association. Solici- 
tor Municipal Court, 1928-3927. S. A. T. C. University of North 
Carolina, 1918. Mason: Jr. O. U. A. M. Methodist. Married Miss 
Mary Mills Fawcett. September S. 1925. Address: Mount Airy. N. C. 



SAMUEL B. FRINK 

{Tenth District — Counties: Bladen. Brunswick. Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators, i 

Samuel B. Frink. Democrat. Senator from the Tenth Senatorial 
District, was born at Shallotte. N. <'.. October 2. 1899. Son of D. S. 
and Martha (Gore) Frink. Attended Brunswick County Schools; 
Motte Business College. Wilmington. Lawyer. Studied law for 
four years at night and licensed January 26, 1931. Clerk Superior 
Court Brunswick County. 1930-1934. Served in U. S. Navy during 
World War. enlisting May 1, 1917. Jr. O. U. A. M. Active in Ameri- 
can Legion. Methodist. Member Board of Stewards. Trinity 
Church. Southport. for four years. Married Miss Christine Chad- 
wick, November 8, 1919. Address: Southport, X. C. 



FRANK I ILK BERT GIBP.S 

(Fourteenth District -Counties: Vance ami Warren. One Sen- 
ator, i 

Frank Herbert Gibbs. Democrat. Senator from the Fourteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Rockingham. August 1. !#<?*■' s "" 
of J. T. and Mary Alice (Overbaugh) Gibbs. Attended Trinity 
College. 1912-1914 (academic); Law School. 1914-1916. Lawyer. 
Member X. C. Bar Association. Mayor of Warrenton, May 1920, to 
November, 1934. Ensign U. S. X. R. F. (Naval Aviator). Enrolled 
December 11. 1917. Active service, March 4. litis, to December 2.".. 
1918. Sigma Chi Fraternity. .Methodist. Married Miss Mary 
Tasker Polk, December 15, 1921. Address: Warrenton. X. C. 



1 II' Biographical Sketches 

JOSHUA PRESTON GIBBS 

{Thirtieth District — Counties: Avery, Madison, Mitchell and Yan- 
cey. < >ne Senator, i 

Joshua Preston Gibbs, Republican, Senator from the Thirtieth 
Senatorial District, was horn in Yancey County, December 2, 1S6S. 
Son of .lames AY. and Mary (Robinson) Gibbs. Attended Yancey 
County Public Schools; Burnsville Academy and U. S. Grant Uni- 
versity, Athens, Tenn., 1888-1S89. Farmer, stock raising and mining. 
Clerk Superior Court, Yancey County. 1902-1906. Representative in 
Legislature from Yancey County. 1921. Taught in Public Schools 
of Yancey County. Had ten years experience in forestry work. 
supervising cutting timber and manufacturing lumber in the Blue 
Rirdge Mountains. Odd Fellow. Methodist. Married Miss Lizzie 
Dillinger. December :'.. 1890. Address: Burnsville. N. C. 



PAUL DAVIS GRADY 

{Eighth District- — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Senators.) 

Paul Davis Grady. Democrat. Senator from the Eighth Senatorial 
District, was born in Seven Springs (Wayne County), N. C, Septem- 
ber 5. 1891. Son of Dr. James Calhoun and Ella S. (Outlaw) Grady. 
Attended Tennessee Military Institute. 1907; Oak Ridge Institute. 
1908; Wake Forest College; Washington and Lee University Law- 
School. Lawyer. Member of North Carolina Bar Association: 
Fourth District Bar Association; Johnston County Bar Association. 
President Johnston County Bar Association. 1928-1925-1927. Mason; 
Modern Woodmen of America. State Consul Modern Woodmen of 
America since 1928. Delegate and Member of National Consul's 
Staff at Detroit. Mich.. 1933. Member North Carolina House of 
Representatives. 1919-1921: State Senator. 1923-1925-1933. Presby- 
terian. Married June 10, 1909, Miss Lelia G. Swink. Address: 
Kenlv. N. C. 



State Senators 1 13 

LLOYD LEE GRAVELY 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin. Nash and Wilson. Tun 
Senators, i 

Lloyd L. Gravely, Democrat. Senator from the Sixth Senatorial 
District, was born in Danville. Virginia, December 5. 18S0. Son of 
J. O. W. and Lula ( Keen i Gravely. Attended University School. 
Rocky Mount. 1895-1903; Randolph-Macon Academy, 1903-1! >05 ; A.B., 
Randolph-Macon College, 1910; attended Law School. University of 
Virginia, 1912, and Law School of University of North Carolina. 1913. 
Tobacconist. Member Kiwanis Club. Director, secretary-treasurer. 
China-American Tobacco Co.; director. Planters National Bank and 
Trust Co. Alderman, city of Rocky Mount. 1920-21 : mayor. 1925- 
1928. Phi Delta Theta ; Phi Delia Phi (legal) fraternities; Junior 
Order of United American Mechanics; Mason; Shriner ; Knights of 
Pythias; Sons of American Revolution. Methodist: steward: teacher 
Men's Bible Class. State Senator, 1929 and 1931. Married Miss 
Marv Clark Hoofnaj.de. August 2, 1916. Address: Rocky Mount. N. C. 



EDWARD FOSTER GRIFFIN 

( si.it li District- Counties: Franklin. Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators, i 

Edward Foster Griffin. Democrat. Senator from the Sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Louisburg, November 4. 1900. Son of 
Paul B. and Frances R. (Wilder) Griffin. Graduated from Louis- 
bur- High School. 1919. University of North Carolina. 1920-1922. 
Pre-Medl Wake Forest College Law School. 1922-1923. Lawyer. 
Member Franklin County Ear Association, and N. C. Ear Incor- 
porated, Tin District, and member of the Executive Committee. 1933- 
1934. Prosecuting Attorney Franklin County Criminal Court. 1927 
P.>:;i'. Chairman Democratic Executive Committee for Franklin 
County. 1934; Member State Democratic Executive Committee from 
Franklin County. State Senator. 1933. from Sixth District. First 
Lieutenant N. C. National Guard, 113th F. A., P.)!'::. Captain of 
Eattery "B*' since that date. Mason. Louisburg Lodge No. 413, 
A. F. & A. M.; 32nd Degree Scottish Rite Mason: East Master Louis 
burg Lodge. President Louisburg Kiwanis Club, 1935; Director. 
L932-1934. Methodist. Steward 1932-1934. Married Miss Mildred 
E'eid Scott, June 18, 1925. 



144 Biographical Sketches 

LLOYD ELDON GRIFFIN 

(First District Counties: Camden, Currituck, Gates. Hertford. 
Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

Lloyd Eldon Griffin, Democrat, Senator from the First Senatorial 
District, wns born ai Belvidere, January 14. 1893. Sun of C. X. and 
Mary (Perry) Griffin. Attended Belvidere Academy 1900-1908; 
Edenton Graded schools 1908-1910; B.A., Wake Forest College, 1914; 
B.L., 1921; Harvard Law School. 1910-1917. 1919-1920. Lawyer. 
Member North Carolina Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney, 
Chowan County Recorder's Court. 1921-1928. World War. 322nd 
Infantry; Commissioned Second Liteutenant, 1917; First Lieutenant 
to date of discharge. Member A. E. F. Pistol Team in France rep- 
resenting United States in Inter-Allied Matches. Ed Bond Post 
American Legion. Edenton Rotary Club. Baptist. Married Miss 
Belle Walters. August 23, 192L'. Address: Edenton. N. C. 

JOHN SPRUNT HILL 

(Sixteenth District — Counties: Alamance. Caldwell. Durham and 
Orange. Two Senators.) 

John Sprunt Hill. Democrat, Senator from the Sixteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Faison, Duplin County. North Carolina. 
March 17. 1SG9. Son of William E. and Frances Diana (Faison) 
Hill. Attended Faison High School. 1877-1882: University of North 
Carolina. Ph.B. Degree in June, 188!); University Law School. 1S91- 
Is'il- ; Law School Columbia University. 1S92-1S94 ; LLP.. Degree. 
Banker and Farmer. Member X. C. State Highway Commission, 
1921-1931; Board of Trustees University of North Carolina. 1904 to 
date; Chairman Building Commission University of North Carolina. 
1922-1931; President Board of Trustees of Watts Hospital, 1921 to 
date: President Durham Loan and Trust Co.. 1904-1932; President 
Home Savings Bank 1921 to date: Member American Commission to 
Study Cooperative Banking and Cooperative Markets in Foreign 
Countries. 1913; Delegate to International Forestry Convention at 
Paris. 19HJ: Chairman War Savings Stamp Committee Durham 
County. 1917: Member Board of Aldermen City of Durham. 1908- 
1910; Member of Squadron A. New York Cavalry, New York Na- 
tional Guard: Foreign Service Spanish American War. Member of 
Sii_ r ma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity: Phi Delta Phi Law Fraternity: 



State Senators 145 

Alumni Member of Pbi Betn Kappa : I. O. O. F.. Golden Link Lodge; 
Lodge No. 568 B. P. O. Elks; Eno Lodge No. 210 of Masons. Life 
Member N. C. Historical Society; Life Member Virginia Historical 
Society; Life Member American Historical Society. Author of: 
Needs of the University. 1903 ; Cooperation and Work of American 
Commission. 1913; Cooperative Plan to Provide 5% Money for 
Farmers. 1914 : Rural Credits. 1915 ; Organized Credit : the Para- 
mount Need of Tar Heel Farmers. 1915 ; Put Forestry on the Map 
and Make it Pay to Grow Trees. 1920; Progressive Program for 
Building and Maintaining a Great Primary System of State High- 
ways in North Carolina. 1920; North Carolina, a Story of Triumph- 
ant Democracy, 1924. Received LL.D. from University of North 
Carolina June, 1933. Member North Carolina Senate. 1933-35. Mem- 
ber First Presbyterian Church. Durham, N. C. ; Member Session 1921 
to date. State Senator, 1933. Married Miss Annie Louise Watts. 
November 29. 1899. Address: Durham. N. C. 



WILKINS FERRYMAN HORTON 

{Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham. Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

Wilkins Perryman Horton. Democrat, of Chatham County. Senator 
from the Thirteenth Senatorial District, was born at Kansas City. 
Kansas, September 1, 1S89. Son of Thomas B. and Mary E. (Wil- 
kins) Horton. Was educated in the public schools of Chatham 
County; Draughan's Business College, 1910-1911: University of 
North Carolina, 1912-1914. Lawyer. County Attorney from 1916- 
1919 and from 1924-1930. Chairman of Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee of Chatham County. State Senator 1919. 1927 and 1931. Sec 
retary, State Democratic Executive Committee. 1930. Mason. 
Methodist. Married Miss Cassandra ('. Mendenhall. June 12, 1918. 
Address: Pittsboro. N. C. 



BOLIVAR STEADMAN HURLEY 
(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson. Montgomery, Richmond 

and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Bolivar Steadman Hurley. Democrat. Senator from the Eighteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Troy. May 10. 1888. Son of W. L. 
and Bettie (Hines) Hurley. Attended Trinity Park School. Durban). 

10 



1 h; Biographical Sketches 

\. C, L904-1907; Trinity College, 1907-1911; Trinity College Law 
School. Lawyer. First Lieutenant of [nfantry, United States Army. 
L917-1920. .Mason. Mayor of Troy. L912-1914. Member of House of 
Representatives. 1917 and 1925. Methodist. Address: Troy. X. C. 



RIVERS DUNN JOHNSON 

{\iiith District Counties: Duplin. New Hanover. Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators, i 

Rivers Dunn Johnson. Democrat. Senator from the Ninth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Wilson, December 29, 1SS5. Son of Sey- 
mour Anderson and Annie E. (Clark » Johnson. Educated at James 
Sprunt Institute. Warsaw High School and Wake Forest. Attended 
Wake Forest Law School. 1908-1909. Lawyer. Member American 
Bar Association. North Carolina Bar Association and Duplin County 
Bar Association. Mayor Warsaw. 1909-1910. State Senator. 1911, 
1915, 1923, 1927 and 1931. Cadet, First officers Training Camp, Fort 
Oglethorpe. Ga. Thirty-second Degree Mason. Scottish Rite Bodies: 
Shriner. Sudan Temple: Jr. O. U. A. M. : Eastern Star. Member 
Warsaw Rotary Club. Master Masonic Lodge. 1911-1915; Councillor. 
Jr. O. U. A. M., two years; President Shrine Club, 1919-1926; Presi- 
dent Rotary Club. 1926-1927. Episcopalian. Teacher Men's Bible 
Class, First Baptist Church of Warsaw. Married Miss Olivia R. 
Best, May 23. 1921. Address: Warsaw. X. C. 



AXDREW HALL JOHXSTOX 

{Thirty-first District — County: Buncombe. One Senator.) 
Andrew Hall Johnston. Democrat. Senator from the Thirty-first 
Senatorial District, was horn in Buncombe County, March 1.".. 1S82. 
Son of W. F. and Mary (Glenn I Johnston. Attended common schools. 
Ph.B. University of North Carolina. 1904. Lawyer. Member Ameri- 
can Bar Association, the Buncombe County and North Carolina Bar 
Associations. Solicitor 14th Judicial District. President 19th Ju- 
dicial District Bar Association. Chairman McDowell County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee: Chairman Buncombe County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee: Elector at Large. P.»-">2. Member P.. P. 
o. Elks. Asheville Lodge 1401. Methodist. Married Miss Annie Mc- 
Broom, April Pi. 1907. Address: Asheville. X. C. 



State Senators 147 

PBRMILLAS ARTEN LEE 

{Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, .Moor.' and Randolph. 
Two Senators.) 

Permillas Arten Lee. Democrat. Senator from the Twelfth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Johnston County. June 15, L880. Sou of 
Jesse and Henrietta (Tart) Lee. Attended Poplar Grove School, 
1897-1898, and Turlington Institute 1900-1901; School of Pharmacy 
University of North Carolina. 1902-1903. Druggist and Pharmacist. 
Life member North Carolina Pharmaceutical Association: chairman 
Executive Committee three years and Vice-President three years: 
President of the North Carolina Association in 1926. Commis- 
sioner of the Town of Dunn 1021-1924; Mayor 1924-11)27. Mason. 
Palmyra Lodge No. 137. Member Scottish Lodge Consistory. 32nd 
Degree. Wilmington. Methodist; Chairman Board of Stewards. 1922- 
1926, 192S-1929. Married Miss Hautence Thornton. 1909; three 
children; Edna Earl. Woman's College: David and P. A.. High 
School, Dunn. Address : Dunn, N. C. 



GEORGE BASCOM MASON 

{Twenty-sixth District — County: Gaston. One Senator.) 
George Bascom Mason. Democrat. Senator from the Twenty-sixth 
Senatorial District, was born at Dallas, N. ('.. March 28, 1S91. Son 
of Oscar F. and Fannie (Durham) Mason. Attended Dallas High 
School and University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Solicitor Munici- 
pal Court. 1918-1934. Shriner ; Mason: Pythian: Sigma Chi College 
Fraternity. Methodist : Steward. 1930-1934. Married Miss Violet 
Rankin, October 29. 1913. Address: Castonia. X. C. 



WAYLAND MITCHELL 

{Third District — Counties: Bertie and Northampton. Cue Senator.) 
Wayland Mitchell, Democrat. Senator from the Third Senatorial 
District, was born in Bertie County. September 0. 1S71. Son of 
James Washington and Laura E. (Perry) Mitchell. Attended Au- 
lander High School. 1885-1SS7 ; Wake Forest College. 1S87-1S91 : 
B.A., 1S91 ; Medical Student University of Virginia, 1892-1893; M.D. 



148 Biographical Sketches 

University Maryland. 189.".. Retired Physician and Farmer. Presi- 
dent and Director Bank of Lewiston, 1909-1929; Mayor 1916-1917; 
Member Bertie Board of Commissioners, 1908-1912; Board of Educa- 
tion. 1917-191S. State Senator, 1919. Baptist. Moderator West 
Chowan Association. 1928-1831. Trustee Chowan College. Married 
Miss Julia II. Nowell, November 23, 1898. Address: Lewiston. N. C. 



Z. V. MORGAN 

(Eighteenth. District — Counties: Davidson. Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators. ) 

Z. V. Morgan. Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth Senatorial 
District, was born in Marshville, N. C. Son of Y. W. D. and Laura 
(Pritchard) Morgan. Attended Wingate Junior College: LL.B. Wake 
Forest College. Lawyer. Member of State Bar and American Bar. 
Town attorney for Hamlet. Prosecuting Attorney Recorder's Court. 
Baptist. Married Miss Bertha Moore. 192G. Address: Hamlet. N. C. 



HARRISS NEWMAN 

(Ninth District — Counties: Duplin. New Hanover. Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Harriss Newman. Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Senatorial 
District, was born in Wilmington. October 2. 1S97. Son of Joseph 
and Rolinda (Jacobs) Newman. Amended public schools: Cape 
Fear Academy. Trinity College: LL.B.. University of North Carolina, 
1919. Lawyer. Member New Hanover County Bar Association : 
North Carolina Bar Association: Member Executive Committee 
Chamber of Commerce: Chairman Wilmington Chapter Red Cross. 
Roll Call Chairman, 1927-1929; Executive Commander Boy's Brigade; 
Member Board of Directors Baby's Hospital, Wrightsville Sound, and 
National Jewish Hospital. Denver. Col. Member New Hanover 
County High School Committee; Vice-Chairman State Allied Jewish 
Campaign. 1930. Mason, Wilmington Lodge No. 219: B. P. O. E. : 
Shriner ; Past President Wilmington Independent Order B'nai Brith : 
Goldenrod Chapter Eastern Star. Of Jewish faith. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1931 and 1933. Chairman House Ap- 
propriations Committee 1933; Member Advisory Budget Commis- 
sion: Member Board of Trustees of University of North Carolina. 
Address : Wilmington. N. C. 



State Senators 149 

KEMP BATTLE NIXON 

{Twenty-fifth District — Counties: Catawba. Iredell and Lincoln. 
Two Senators, i 

Kemp B. Nixon. Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-fifth Senator- 
ial District, was born in Lincoln County, August 12. L883. Son of 
Alfred and Iola Jane (Robinson) Nixon. Attended Lincolnton 
graded school and private school of Miss Kate Ship: B.S. University 
of North Carolina, 1005: Trinity Law School, 1905-1907; admitted to 
Bar August, 1007. Lawyer. Private Secretary .Indue E. Y. Webb, 
1007-1008. Chairman County Board of Education fourteen yen- 
Member Kiwanis Club: First Lieutenant, Troop "A", Cavalry. 1913- 
1914. Member Advisory Board. Lincoln County, during World War. 
Mason: R. C. A. No. 22; Shriner ; Hickory Commandry No. 19, and 
Oasis Temple. Shrine. State Senator. 1931. Methodist: Steward 
twentv-five years. Address: Lincolnton, N. C. 



WALTER HOGUE POWELL 

[Truth District — Counties: Bladen. Brunswick, Columbus. Cumber- 
land. Two Senators, i 

Walter Hogue Powell. Democrat, Senator from the- Tenth Sena- 
torial District, was horn at Whiteville, N. C, September 9, 1887. Sou 
of Robert Henry and Nott (McKinnon) Powell. Attended Whiteville 
Public School: Horner's Military School: University of North Caro- 
lina. Class of 1911; University of North Carolina Law School, 1910- 
1911. Lawyer. Member of County and State Bar Associations. A 
32nd Degree Mason. Member of House of Representatives. 1010: 
State Senate. 1931. Member of State Board of Equalization. 1931- 
1933; State School Commission. 1034. Presbyterian. Married Miss 
Toccoa Caine, October 20, 1915. Address: Whiteville, N. C. 



RALPH HEYWARD RAMSEY. JR. 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood. Jackson and Transyl- 
vania. One Senator. ) 

Ralph Heyward Ramsey. Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Thirty- 
second Senatorial District, was horn in Wedgeiield. S. O. April T. 
1900. Son of Ralph Heywood and Una Elizabeth (Wells) Ramsey. 
Graduated from Wedgefield High School. June 1917. B.S. Univer- 
sity of South Carolina. 1021: M.A.. 1923; LL.B. 1924. Lawyer. 



150 Biographical Sketches 

Mayer of Brevard. 1931-1933. P,resen1 City Attorney of Brevard. 
Private U. S. A. 1918, three months' service. President Brevard 
Kiwanis Club 1930. Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity. Baptist. Married 
Miss Mary Hick Alford, August 27, 1926. Address: Brevard, N. C. 



OWEN S. ROBERTSON 

(Sixteenth District — Counties: Alamance. Caldwell. Durham and 
Orange. Two Senators.) 

Owen S. Robertson, Democrat. Senator from the Sixteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Greensboro, April 4. 1S96. Son of Charles 
H. and Pearl (Causey) Robertson. Attended Heartt Private School, 
1907-1913; University of North Carolina. 1913-1917: Manufacturer of 
Carbonated Beverages and Distributor of Petroleum Products. Mem- 
ber of Chamber of Commerce: President of Chamber of Commerce. 
1929-1930. City Alderman. 1929-1930. Chairman School Board Hills- 
boro Schools, 1932-1933. Lieutenant 120th Infantry. 1917. to date 
of discharge March 1. 1919. Member of American Legion: Forty and 
Eight; Post Commander American Legion. 1931-1933: District Com- 
mander American Legion. 1932-1934. Episcopalian. Married Miss 
Sue Gordon Rosemond, April 15, IMS. Address: Hillsboro. N. C. 



JOHN RAYMOND SHUTE 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson. Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators. I 

John Raymond Shute, Democrat, Senator from the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Monroe January 14. 1904. Son of 
John Raymond and Kittie Summerset Shute. Educated at Monroe 
High School 1M17-1919: George Military Academy. 1919-1021: grad- 
uated as 1st Lieutenant in Engineering; Trinity College 1921-1924: 
A.M. Atlanta University. Editor. Author and Lecturer. Member 
Authors Club (London) : Fellow of the Royal Society of Antiquaries 
of Ireland. 1st Lieutenant R. O. T. C, 1920-21. Mason. Grand Mas- 
ter R. & S. M. of N. C, 1934-1935; Sov. Grand Master. Grand Council 
of A. M. 1>. of U. S. A.. 1931: Grand Preceptor. Grand College of 
America. O. S. T.. 1033: Grand Chancellor, Grand College of Rites 
of U. S. A.. 1933: Deputy Great Prior. Great Priory of America. 



State Senators 151 

C. B. C. S. Methodist: Steward: former President Men's Brother- 
hood. Author of '-Voice of the Vault," "The Broken Square," "The 
Silver Trowel." "The Sanctuary of Memphis." "Roanoke Council." 
and 200 monographs; editor of the following journals: "LVX," 
"Nocalore," "Miscellanea.*' and "Collectanea." Received "Knight 
Beneficient of the Holy City." at Geneva. Switzerland in L934. 
Married Miss Sarah Catherine Mason, of Durham. May 2, 1924. 
Address : Monroe. N. C. 



WHITMAN ERSKINE SMITH 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson. Stanly and Union. Two 

Senators. ) 

Whitman Erskine Smith. Democrat. Senator from the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was horn at Norwood. North Carolina. February 
13, 1896. Son of R. L. and Ora (Burgess) Smith. Attended Webb 
School. Bell Buckle, Tenn. : Morgan School, Payetteville. Tenn., 1910- 
1015: Trinity College, 1915-1917; completed Law Course at Trinity 
College, 1010-1021. Lawyer. Served in United Slates Navy. 1918- 
1919. Mason. State Senator. 1027 and 1929. Methodist. Married 
Miss Rebecca Rigby. November 10, 1926. Address: Albemarle. N. < '. 



UNION LEE SPENCE 

(Ttvelfth District — Counties : Harnett. Hoke. Moore and Randolph. 
Two Senators. ) 

Union Lee Spence, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth Senatorial 
District, was born in Stanly County. August 20, 1867. Son of Daniel 
and Margaret (Reeves) Spence. Attended Oak Ridge Institute: 
University of North Carolina Law School. Lawyer. Member North 
Carolina Bar Association and the American Bar Association. State 
Senator 1903; Representative in General Assembly of 1929 and 1931. 
Methodist. Married Miss Man Worthy. Address: Carthage, X. C. 



L52 Biographical Sketchf.s 

JOHN BENTON STACY 

(Seventeenth District — Counties: Guilford aud Rockingham. Two 
Senators.) 

John Benton Stacy, Democrat, Senator from the Seventeenth Sena- 
torial District, was horn May 23, 1891. Son of John Mullins and 
Betty (Benton i Stacy. Educated at Ruffin School 1898-1911 and 
University of North Carolina two years. Merchant, Farmer and 
Banker. President of the Rockingham County Alumni Association 
of U. N. C. about 1930. Postmaster at Ruffin 1913-1923. Sergeant 
First Class in Base Hospital No. 10. Seventeen months in World 
War. Mason: Blue Lodge. Chapter, Commandery, and Shrine; Elks. 
Methodist ; Member Board of Stewards about ten years ; Superin- 
tendent Sunday School and teacher of Bible Class for about ten 
years. Married Miss Mary Cole, December. 1922. Address: Ruf- 
lin. N. C. 



THOS. H. STEELE 

(Twenty-fifth District — Counties: Catawba. Iredell, and Lincoln. 
< >no Senator. » 

Thos. H. Steele. Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-fifth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Virginia. August 26, 18S7. Son of John 
H. and Julia (Hensley) Steele. Self educated. Writer : Accountant : 
Lecturer. Member of Statesville Rotary Club : Parent Teachers 
Association : Patriotic Order, Sons of America : Independent Order 
Odd Fellows. Chairman Iredell County Council on Emergency in 
Education. Author of: "What Has ISth Amendment Done?". "What 
Prohibition Did for U. S.". "What Has Repeal Done?", "Our Taxed 
and Untaxed Wealth." Lecturer on educational topics, civic affairs, 
prohibition of alcohol, and science of taxes. Baptist. Teacher of 
Bible Class since 1910. Married Miss Grace Vawter Bates, of 
Brookneal. Virginia. Address: Statesville, N. C. 



EDWARD WHITE SUMMERSILL 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators, i 

Edward White Summersill. Democrat. Senator from the Seventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Jacksonville. N. C, April 25, 1902 
Son of Edward White and Estelle (Mills) Summersill. Graduated 



State Senators 153 

Jacksonville High School. 1920; LL.B. Wake Forest. 1923. Member 
Kiwanis Club; North Carolina State Bar. Masonic Lodge No. 83 
Jacksonville. State Senator. 1933. Methodist. Address: Jackson- 
ville, N. C. 



OLIVER ALEXANDER SWARINGEN 

(Ticentieth District — Counties: Cabarrus and Mecklenburg. One 
Senator.) 

Oliver Alexander Swaringen, Democrat, Senator from the Twentieth 
Senatorial District, was born in Concord, October 10, 189.".. Son <<r 
Edmond D. and Minnie P. (Forest) Swaringen. Attended Concord 
Public Schools ; class of 1915. Merchant. Member Concord Mer- 
chants Association and Rotary Club, President 1933-1934 : Director 
North Carolina Merchant's Association 1923-1934. Member Concord 
School Board, 1933-1934. Knights of Pythias. Concord Lodge No. ."1 ; 
Chancellor Commander, 1922 and 1925. Methodist. Teacher Adult 
Bible Class 16 years; Charge Lay Leader 1924-1934; Assistant Super- 
intendent Sunday School 1932-1934. Member Board of Stewards and 
Board of Trustees 1922-1934; president Cabarrus County Sunday 
School Association 1933-1934. Married October 15, 1916. Address: 
Concord. N. C. 



SAMUEL FARRIS TEAGUE 

(Eighth District — Counties: Wayne and Johnston. Two Senators.) 
Samuel Farris Teague Democrat, Senator from the Eighth Sena 
torial District, was born in Randolph County, July 24. 1885. Son 
of Dr. Samuel E. and Elizabeth (Moffitt) Teague. Attended Public 
Schools of Randolph County and Buies Creek Academy. 1902-1906. 
A.B. University of North Carolina, 1910; University Law School, 
1912-1914. Lawyer. Member N. C. State Bar and Wayne County 
Bar Association. Mason; Jr. O. U. A. M. Baptist. Member General 
Board North Carolina Baptist Convention. Married Misv [,ou Wil- 
kins Norwood. 1916. Address: Goldsboro. N. < '. 



154 I tlOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

CARL SCHURZ THOMPSON 

(Twenty-seventh District — Counties : Cleveland, Henderson, Mc- 
Dowell, Polk and Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Carl Schurz Thompson. Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
seventh Senatorial District, was horn in Cleveland County. Son of 
William Horace and Frances Osborne (Hoyle) Thompson. Attended 
Belwood Institute. Manufacturer and retail dealer in lumber and 
building material. Vice President and Director of Manufacturers 
and Jobbers Finance Corporation. Methodist : Steward. Married 
Miss Elvira Wray, November ."». 1913. Address: Shelby. N. C 



DALTON FRANKLIN WARREN 

(Ttventy-ninth District — Counties : Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga. 
< >ne Senator, t 

Dalton Franklin Warren. Democrat. Senator from the Twenty-ninth 
Senatorial District, was born at Olive Branch, Miss.. May 28, 1S93. 
Son of William Martin and Lydia Amelia (Brigance) Warren. At- 
tended DeSoto Agricultural High School and Mississippi Heights 
Academy 1911-1915; University of Mississippi: Law School 1916-1917. 
Merchant. Member Merchants" Association of North Carolina. Vice- 
President Sparta Business Men's Club. Active in social, civic and 
political affairs. Teacher in Sparta High School. Representative of 
DeSoto County in the Legislature of Mississippi 1915-1920. Mason: 
Junior Warden Sparta Lodge No. 423, A. F. & A. M. Methodist : 
Superintendent Sunday School: Lay Leader. Sparta Charge; District 
Steward. Mt. Airy District, and Steward of Sparta Church. Married 
Miss Ida McGehee Johnston of Greenwood. Mi<s.. June 25. 1918. 
Address : Sparta, X. C. 



,7<»HX STANLEY WATKINS 

(Fifteenth District — Counties: Granville and Person. One Senator.) 
John Stanley Watkins. Democrat, Senator from the Fifteenth 
Senatorial District, was horn in Granville County. October 8. 1879. 
Son of John A. and Margaret (Reid) Watkins. Attended public 
schools of Granville County. 1S85-1898; Scottsburg Normal College, 
1S9S-1S99. Farmer and Warehouseman. Member of Masons and 



State Senators L55 

Woodmen of the World. Secretary and Treasurer of the Granville 
f'onnty Branch of the Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Co., 1914 to 
present. Representative from Granville County in House of Repre 
sentatives in 1923- 1925, and 1927. Baptist; Chairman of Board of 
Deacons: Treasurer. Superintendent of Sunday School. Married 
Miss Belle Norwood. 1905. Address: Virgilina. Va.. R.F.D. No. 2. 



CARROLL WAYLAND WEATHER'S 

{Thirteenth District — Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two Senators.) 
Carroll Wayland Weathers. Democrat. Senator from the Thirteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Shelby, N. C, October 18, 1901. Son 
of Kimbrough W. and Sarah Katherine Carroll) Weathers. Edu- 
cated in schools of Raleigh; Raleigh High School, 1915-191S ; A.B. 
Wake Forest College, 1922: LLP,.. 1923. Lawyer. .Member Wake 
County Bar. and N. C. Bar Association; Secretary-Treasurer Wake 
County Bar Association 1925-1927; Member Executive Committee 
1930-1934. Judge Zebulon Recorders Court. 1929-1930. Member Board 
of Trustees State School for the Blind, 1933. Kappa Alpha College 
Fraternity. Baptist; Deacon. Married Miss Sarah Blount .McLean. 
November 10, 1926. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



ERNEST V. WEBB 

(Seventh District — Counties : Carteret, Craven. Greene. Jones. 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Ernest A'. Webb, Senator from the Seventh Senatorial District, was 
rj in Roxboro. October 15. 1877. Son of William E. and Ella 
(Jordan) Webb. Attended private school in Roxboro, 1SS3-1892. 
Tobacconist and Farmer. Director F. S. Tobacco Association. 1915 
1934; President Kinston Chamber Commerce. 1932-1933; President 
Eastern Carolina Tobacco Warehouse Association. 1933-1934. Mem- 
ber Kinston City Council. 1913-1919; Chairman Lenoir Highway Com- 
mission. 1919-1923: Chairman Board of Education. 1927-1932. Mem 
ber State Salary and Wage Commission, 1925-1928. Private Com- 
pany I. First \. O. Vol.. Spanish American War. 1898. Mason; 
Shriner: < u\<\ Fellow. Methodist. Married Miss Mamie J. Winstead. 
October 29. 1903. Address: Kinston. N. C. 



156 Biographical Sketches 

ALBERT EDWIN WHITE 

(Eleventh District — County: Robeson. One Senator.) 
Albert Edwin White. Democrat, Senator from the Eleventh Sena- 
torial District, was horn in Forsyth County, January 7. 1863. Son of 
Andrew J. and Harriett A. (Jones i White. Attended Forsyth County 
schools. Merchant. Mayor Lumberton eight terms. Member State 
Prison Board. Representative in General Assembly of 1929 and 1931. 
Methodist; Chairman Board of Stewards. Married Miss Ellen Ophelia 
Fuller. November. 1888. Address: Lumberton, X. ('. 



•inSEPH REDMOND WILLIAMS 

(Twenty-fow'th District — Counties: Davie. Wilkes and Yadkin. 
One Senator. ) 

Joseph Redmond Williams. Republican. Senator from the Twenty- 
fourth Senatorial District, was horn at Yadkinville. X. C, February 
1, 1909. Son of S. Carter and Grace (Redmond) Williams. Attended 
Yadkinville Grammar schools, 1914-1921 : Yadkinville High School, 
1921-1925; University of North Carolina. 1925-1929. A.B. Degree. 
Retail Grocer. Justice of Peace, Yadkin County : appointed by Gov- 
ernor. 1933. Member of Phi Kappa Delta and Sigma Epsilon fra- 
ternities. Member of Yadkinville Baptist Church. At present 
Church Treasurer and Assistant Superintendent of Sunday School. 
Address: Yadkinville, N. C. 



REPRESENTATIVES 



ROBERT GRADY JOHNSON 

SPEAKKP. 

Robert Grady Johnson, Democrat, Representative from Pender 
County, was born at Burgaw, N. C. May 5, 1895. Sou of Joab F. 
and Myrtie (Grady) Johnson. Educated at Burgaw High School: 
University of North Carolina, and Wake Forest College. Lawyer. 
Member of Board of Aldermen. 1922-1928; Chairman County Board 
of Elections : member Democratic Executive Committee. Member of 



Representatives L57 

the State Senate. 1929; Representative from Duplin County in Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1981 and 1933. Private, United States Army. Feb- 
ruary. 1918, to May, 1919. Mason. Address: Burgaw, N. C. 



CLAUDE CLARENCE ABERNATHY 

Claude Clarence Abernathy. Democrat, Representative from Nash 
County, was born in Spring Hope. N. C, September 27, 1905. Son 
of William Harvey and Rachel Louise (Tyson) Abernathy. Attended 
Spring Hope High School : LL.B. Wake Forest College, June, 1927. 
Lawyer. Member State Bar Association. Baptist. Married Miss 
Sadie Mae Walton. Address: Spring Hope, N. C. 



HARRY PIERCE ALSPAUGH 

Harry Pierce Alspaugh. Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Winston-Salem. N. C, January 24. 1891. Son 
of Franklin Pierce and Adelia Wax) Alspaugh. Attended Cedar 
Grove Free School. 1S98-1906: Salem Boys School. 1907-1909: Oak 
Ridge Institute, 1909-1910: Attended Guilford College in 1911. 
Farmer and Realtor. Married Miss Mamie Patterson January 17, 
1916. Address: Winston-Salem, N. C. R. No. 2. 



WILLIAM WILEY ANDREWS 

William Wiley Andrews. Democrat. Representative from Wayne 
County, was born in that county. October 14. 1886. Son of [chabod 
I'. and Annie (Grumpier) Andrews. Attended rural schools: Guil- 
ford College, 1905-1906. Farmer and Fertilizer Dealer. Junior 
order United American Mechanics. Past Councillor. 1927. Trustee 
and State Representative. 192S. Member of the J. O. U. A. M. State 
Credential Committee. 1984-1985. Chairman Belfast School Commit- 
tee since 1920. Member of the Board of Directors of the North 
Carolina Cotton Growers Cooperative Association, L934-1935. Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly in 1929. Member Democratic 
Executive Committee. Methodist; Member of Board of Stewards 
since 1980. Chairman of Hoard of Stewards. 1984. Married Miss 
Lila Adrene Pearson. May 24. 1911. Address: Goldsboro. N. C. 



L58 Biographical Sketches 

JOHN TIKLMAS BAILEY 

John Thomas Bailey, Democrat, Representative from Haywood 
County, was born in .Marion. N. * '. Son of John E. ami Amanda 
Collins (Bailey) Bailey. Attended public and private schools of 
Marion. \. ( '. Wholesale Groceryman. Member Wholesale Grocery- 
nuns Association. .Mayor of Canton, 1011-1012 and 1010-1020. Police 
Court .Indue. City of Canton. Board of Education of Haywood 
County. 1924-1926. Mason; Oasis Temple; O. E. S.. Master Pigeon 
River Masonic Lodge No. .'ist;. Presbyterian: Elder. Married Miss 
Christabel MacFayden, June 16, 1909. Past President of Civitan 
( 'lub. Address : ( 'anion. N. C. 



WALTER DORSEY BARBEE 

Walter Horsey Barbee, Democrat. Representative from Northamp- 
ton County, was horn in Morrisville. X. C, May 28. 1880. Son of 
Etufus and Adna (Hudson) Barbee. Attended Buie's Creek Academy 
(now Campbell College i. 1000-1907; University of North Carolina. 
10P2. A.B. Degree; State College. Raleigh. N. C. 1916-1918; Cornell 
University, Ithaca. N. Y., 1919. Farmer. Member of North Carolina 
Cotton Grower's Association and North Carolina Teacher's Associa- 
tion. Teacher in North Carolina for ten years. District Supervisor 
Vocational Education, Raleigh, N. C. for two years. Member of 
Masonic Lodge No. 378, Seaboard. N. C. Past Master Masonic Lodge. 
Baptist. Church Clerk, 1014-1034; Sunday School Teacher. 1912- 
]0:i4: Choir Leader, 1913-1934. Married Miss Lottie B. Stephenson. 
1916. Address: Seaboard. N. C. 



OSCAR GARLAND BARKER 

Oscar Garland Barker, Democrat. Representative from Durham 
County, was born at Cary, January 12. 1896. Son of Brinkley 
Dickerson and Martha (Johnson) Barker. Attended Durham High 
School ; completed law course at Trinity in 102:;. Lawyer. Member 
North Carolina Bar Association; Attorney Durham Merchants Asso- 
ciation. Durham County Manager of campaign of .1. O. B. Ehring- 
haus in 1932. Durham Lodge Masons. No. •' >52 ; Durham Shrine Club. 
First Secretary Durham Shrine Club. 1918. Secretary Durham 
Kiwanis Club. 1921-1924. Worked on newspapers fifteen years. Most 



Representatives L59 

of period spent on Durham Herald and Durham Sun: one year. 1918, 
with Greensboro Record. Served as City Editor, Managing Editor 
and Sports Editor of Durham Herald. Served as City Editor. Edi- 
tor, and General Manager Durham Sun. Served as Managing Editor 
of Greensboro Record, Baptist. Superintendent Firsl Baptist Sun- 
day School, 1931- 1935; Chairman First Baptist Board Associate 
Deacons. 1932-1933. Married Miss Sarah Mae Terry. February 28. 
192:;. Address: Durham, X. C. 



TROY T. BARNES 

Trey T. Barnes, Democrat, Representative from Wilson County. 
was horn October IT. 1893. Son of W. A. and Cornelia (Love) 
Barnes. Attended Lucama Graded and High Schools: Universitj of 
North Carolina. 1917. A.B. Degree: Wake Forest Law School. 1921 : 
King's Business College. Lawyer. Member of Wilson County Bar 
Association: North Carolina Bar Association. Solicitor General 
County Court. Wilson. Member Wilson County Highway Commis- 
sion, 1925-1928. U. S. Navy Reserve Force. Member Junior order: 
Mason. Methodist. Married Miss Berta Hinton, November 26. 1919. 
Address. : Wilson, N. C. 



JAMES W. BEAX 

James W. Bean. Democrat. Representative from Rowan County, 
was born in Montgomery County. December 7. 1893. Son of Oliver 
1 ». and Talitha Ann (Cornelison) Bean. Attended Ft her Academy. 
General foreman Southern Railway Company Stores Department. 
Secretary Rowan County Democratic Executive Committee tor past 
six years. Alderman and member Spencer School Board. Baptist. 
Representative in in:;.". General Assembly. Married Miss Annie .1. 
stutts. in 1916. Address: Spencer, X. C. 



ROBERT PHILEMON BENDER 

Robert Philemon Fender. Democrat. Representative from Jones 
County, was born in Jones County, near Pollocksville. January 1. 
1888. Son of Bryan and Lucy II. (Tolson) Bender, Attended Pol- 
locksville High School, 1911-1914; University of North Carolina law 



160 Biographical Sketches 

School, 1914-1915. Lawyer. Member Jones County Board of Educa- 
tion. 1920-1926: member Jones County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, 1918-1930; City Attorney, town of Pollocksville. 1021-1931. 
Permanent member Legal Advisory Board for Jones County (luring 
World War. Chairman Jones County Young People's Democratic 
Clubs. 1928-1930. Secretary Jones County Bar since 1920. Elected 
First Vice-President 5th District Bar July 1033; re-elected July. 1034. 
Woodman of the World : Clerk of Evergreen Camp No. 1S4, Pollocks- 
ville. 1916-1033, inclusive. Member State House of Representatives 
from Jones County. 1020. 1931, and 1933. Presbyterian: Deacon, 
1017-1024 : Elder in Presbyterian Church since 1024 to the present. 
Superintendent Pollocksville Presbyterian Sunday School 1021-1034. 
inclusive. President Jones County Sunday School Association 1026 
to the present time. Married Miss Mary McGee Edwards, September 
10, 1017 (deceased). Married Miss Bonnie Mae Grimsley. February 
14. 1034. 



MARION ORLANDO BLOUNT 

Marion Orlando Blount. Democrat. Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Bethel August 12. 1S64. Son of William Gray 
and Caroline (Carson) Blount. Attended Pitt County Public Schools. 
Merchant: Farmer; Banker: Manufacturer. Member of North 
Carolina Merchants Association and East Carolina Chamber of 
Commerce. President of Blount-Harvey Co.. Greenville, N. C. Presi- 
dent of Bethel Mfg. Co.. Bethel. N. C. Vice-President of Greenville 
Bank and Trust CO. Member of Pitt County Board of Education. 
1910-1935. Member of Masonic Order. Shriner since 1918. Methodist. 
Chairman of Board of Stewards. Married (first Miss Florence Vir- 
ginia Nelson. 1SS0 ; married (second) Miss Mary Henry Yeast. De- 
cember 12. 1034. Address: Bethel. N. C. 



SAMUEL MASTERS BLOUNT 

Samuel Masters Blount. Democrat. Representative from Beaufort 
County, was born in Washington. N. C. September 28. 1800. Son 
of John Gray and Dena (Angel) Blount. Attended Bingham Military 
School. Asheville, 1014-1017 : University of North Carolina during fall 
1017 and 1010: Law School. 1023. Lawyer. Member North Carolina 



Repkesextatives 161 

Bar Association. Judge Recorder's Courl 192S-1932 ; Chairman Beau- 
fort County Board of Elections. 1933; City Attorney for Washington 
since 1930. Enlisted March 9. 1918, in World War and served until 
May. 1919; Private First Class. Despatch Rider: Special Courier to 
Woodrow Wilson in Paris during Peace Conference. Episcopalian. 
Married Miss Bessie Sm.' Stacey, July 10, 1928. Address: Washing 
Ten. X. C. 



JORDAN V. BOWERS 

Jordan V. Bowers. Republican. Representative from Avery County, 
was horn in Panther. W. Ya.. April 17. 1902. Son of Joseph P. and 
Mabel (Woods) Bowers. Attended Roanoke, Virginia, public schools; 
Berea, Ky., Academy: Berea College, Ky.. 1919-1923; University of 
Chicago, 1923-1024: Wake Forest College, 1925; A. B. Degree from 
Berea College. Lawyer. County Prosecutor, Henderson County 
General Court. 1!»27. Methodist Episcopal Church, South; Superin- 
tendent of Sunday School. Married Miss Carrie Sprinks, May 30, 
1925. Address: Newland, X. C. 



THOMAS COXTEE BOWIE 

Thomas C. Bowie, Democrat, Representative from Ashe County, 
was born at Lake St. Joseph, La., in 1876. Son of John Ruth and 
Frances (Calloway) Bowie. Received bis preparatory education at 
Moravian Falls Academy 1891; Trap Hill High School, 1892; and 
Mais Hill College, 1893. Received Ph.D. in 1899 from the University 
of North Carolina. Did post-graduate work at Yale College in 1900 
in Political and Social Science. Attended law schools of Vale and 
University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Member of State and 
American Bar Associations. Represented Ashe County in the Legis- 
latures of 1909. 1913, 1915, 1921. 1923, 1925. 1!)::::. and was Speaker 
of the House in 1915. Appointed Judge of Superior Court by Gov- 
ernor McLean in 1927. Mason. Odd Fellow. Episcopalian. Married 
Miss Jean Davis in 1906. Address: Wesl Jefferson, X. C. 



11 



"'- Biographical Sketches 

BURR COLE? BROCK 

Burr Coley Brock, Republican, Representative from Davie County. 
was horn in Farmington, November 26, 1891. Son of Moses B. and 

Verl (Coley) Brock. Attended schools of Cooleemee, W Heat 

Farmington and Clemmons High School, graduating in 1913; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. 191G. Lawyer. .Mason; Junior Order 
United American Mechanics: Odd Fellow; President Mocksville 
Lodge of P. O. S. of A., also county and district president. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South. Teacher of Young Men's class for eight 
years. General Assembly of lhii and 1!)::::. Minority Leader. Gen- 
eral Assembly, 1933. Married Miss Laura Tabor December 23, 1920. 
Father of eight children, six boys and two girls. Daughter, Mar- 
garet, appointed honorary page of Legislature in 1933. Address: 
Mocksville. N. C. 



WILLIAM THOMAS BROWN 

William Thomas Brown. Democrat, Representative from Per- 
quimans County, was horn in Bertie County. November 1. 1878. Son 
of William J. and Sarah E. (Lewis) Brown. Attended Windsor 
Academy. Traveling salesman. Mason. Representative in the 
General Assembly of lOai and 1933. Episcopalian. Married Miss 
Mary E. Picard, November 15. 1010. One son. Frank Picard Brown. 
Address : Hertford, N. C. 



THOMAS SHERMAN BRYAN 

Thomas Sherman Bryan. Republican, Representative from Wilkes 
County, was born in Traphill, N. O. March IS. 1864. Son of General 
John Quincy Adams and Martha Ann Bryan. Attended Traphill 
Academy. 1880: Fairview College, two years. Farmer. United States 
Brandy Ganger during President Harrison's Administration. Divis- 
ion Deputy Collector. Internal Revenue, under Collector H. S. Har- 
kins. Private Secretary to Congressman R. Z. Linney. Representa- 
tive of Wilkes County in 1915 Session of the Legislature. Census 
enumerator. 1930. Committeeman of Traphill Accredited High 
School. Member of Ancient Free and Accpeted Masons. Master of 
Traphill Lodge No. 483. A. F. & A. M. Methodist Episcopal Church ; 
Steward: Class Leader: Sunday School Superintendent; Trustee. 
Married Miss Lillie Belle Rhudy. June 14. 1899. Address: Trap- 
hill. N. C. 



Representatives 
VICTOR' S. BRYANT 

Victor S. Bryant. Democrat, Representative from Durham County, 
was born at Durham, N. C, September 29, 1898. Son of Victor S. 
and Matilda (Heartt) Bryant. Attended Durham High School 
1910-1914; University of North Carolina, 1918, A.B. Degree; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina Law School, 1919. Lawyer. Private U. S. A.. 
1918. Zeta Psi Fraternity. Member of House of Representatives of 
1923. Presbyterian. Married Miss Elizabeth Scales in 1021. Ad- 
dress: loll' Viekers Ave.. Durham. N. <\ 



THADDEUS C. BRYSON 

Thaddeus C. Bryson. Democrat. Representative from Jackson 
County was born in Jackson County. Son of Daniel C. and Caro- 
line (Buchanan) Bryson. Attended public schools of .Jackson County 
and Webster High School. Farmer. Apple Grower and Salesman. 
Mason. Member of State Senate of 1925. Baptist; Superintendent 
Sunday School for twenty years; Deacon; now teacher young men's 
Bible Class. Married. December 6, 1S94, Miss Tina Dills. Address: 
Svlva. N. C. 



RANSOM LEE CALL 

Ransom Lee Carr. Democrat. Representative from Duplin County. 
Was bom at Rose Hill. N. C, September ::. 1878. Son of Gabriel 
Boney and Isabella Catherine (Johnson) Carr. Educated in the 
public schools; Rockfish Academy; Davidson College; Medical Col- 
lege of Virginia ; graduating in medicine at the University of Mary- 
land. May 21, 1007. Physician. Member Duplin County Medical 
Societly ; Third District Medical Society; State Medical Society: 
Delegate to the State Medical Society. 1007 and 1912. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly. 1011. 1915, 1923, and 1929 Special 
Session iOL'4; Member id' Senate in 1010; Special Session of 1920 
Modern W. of W. ; K. of P. Elder Presbyterian Church for past ten 
years. Married (first) Miss Victoria Patterson: (second) Miss 
Estelle Moore. Address: Lose Hill, X. C. 



164 Biographical Sketches 

ROBERT GREGG CHERRY 

Roberi Gregg Cherry, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in York County. S. C. Oct., her 17. 1891. Son 
of Chancellor LaFayette and Hattie E. (Davis) Cherry. At- 
tended Gastonia Graded Schools, 1900-1908: A.B., Duke University, 
1912; Duk< University Law School, 1913-1914. Lawyer. Member 
Gaston County Bar Association. North Carolina Bar Association. 
American Bar Association and Kiwanis Club. Mayor of Gastonia, 
1919-1923. Captain Co. "A," Machine Gun Battalion, 30th Division, 
April 26, 1917. to April 15, 1919; Major. 120th N. C. National Guard. 
1920-1921. Member Gastonia Lodge No. 369, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; Knights Templar; Royal Arch Masons; Oasis Temple 
A. A. O. N. M. S. Shrine; Knights of Pythias. Knights of Khorassan; 
Improved Order of Red Men: Jr. O. U. A. M. ; I. O. O. F. ; Sons 
Confederate Veterans; American Legion. State Commander. 192S- 
1929". Representative in the General Assembly of 19:11 and 1933. 
Vice-President North Carolina Bar Association 1934-1935. Methodist; 
Member of Board of Stewards. Married Miss Mildred Stafford. L921. 
Address : Gastonia. X. < '. 



WILLIAM RUSSELL CLEGG 

William Russell Clegg. Democrat. Representative from Moore 
County, was horn in Moore County. June 13. 1877. Son of Benjamin 
Franklin and Mary Margaret (Buie) Clegg. Attended Carthage Aca- 
demic Institute, 1S91-1897 ; Davidson College. Class of 1905. B.S. 
Degree; University of North Carolina. Class of 1905. LL.B. Degree. 
Attorney-at-law. Member State Bar Association. Mayor of Carthage 
1918-1820; Chairman Board of Education of Moore County, 1928-1930. 
Member of Woomen of the World and Masons but not now active. 
Editor of "Shooting Stick" in Campaign of 1894. Principal Mf. Ulla 
High School. 1902-1904: Assistant Principal Summerville Academy, 
Summerville. Augusta, Georgia, 1905-1906: Principal Goldston High 
School, Goldston. N. C, 1900-1911. Editor Moore County News, 
1911-1915. Presbyterian. Address: Carthage. N. C. 



Representatives 165 

EDGAR BURGESS CLOUD 

Edgar Burgess Cloud. Democrat, Representative from Polk County. 
was horn at Columbus. February 22, 1872. Educated in public 
schools: Summer Law Scbool, Wake Forest College, L905. Lawyer. 
State Senator, 1915 and 1919. Several times mayor of Columbus; 
number of years director Polk County Bank and Trust Company. 
Knights of Pythias, having filled the office of Chancellor Commander 
and Prelate in the local lodge. Presbyterian; Deacon for many y< 
County Attorney for Polk County. Chairman Polk County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee. North Carolina Bar Association; Polk 
County Bar Association: Kiwanis Club of Tryon. Member of House 
of Representatives of 1931. Married Miss Ada Walker. April 19. 
1914. Address: Columbus, X. C. 



BENJAMIN CONK 

Benjamin Cone. Democrat, Representative from Guilford County, 
was born August 10, 1899. at Fleishman. New York. Son of Caesar and 
Jeanette (Siegel) Cone. Attended Greensboro High School: Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, Class of 1920, A. P.. Degree. Textile Merchant 
and Manufacturer. Vice-President Cone Export and Commission 
Co., Greensboro, N. C. ; Vice-President Cliffside .Mills. Cliffside, X. C. ; 
Director numerous textile corporations. Private United State. 
Marine Corp. 1918, during World War. Second Lieutenant Commis- 
sion in United States Cavalry Reserve. Elks; Mason-. Hebrew. 
Address: Greensboro, N. C. 



STALEY ALBRIGHT COOK 

Staler Albright Cook. Democrat, Representative from Alamance 
County, was horn in that county December 6, 1S95. Son of George 
Henrj and Viola Albright (Cook) Cook. Attended public schools 
of Burlington, 1900-1912: Northwestern University, Evanston. Illi- 
nois. Journalism Class of '26. Journalist. City Editor the Daily Times- 
News. Burlington. X. c. Enlisted in National Guard June, L914; served 
on the Mexican border at El Paso, Texas, and in France with 
30th Division. M. P. J. (Illinois) Member Profession of Journalism, 
an honorary degree of the Press Association of Illinois. 1930; Diploma 



166 Biographical Sketches 

from United stales Veterans Bureau (reporting) as rehabilitated 
disabled veteran of World War. Correspondent for state dailies and 
press bureaus; published "» >ld Aristocrat" in a national magazine. 
Methodist Episcopal. Married Miss Grace Lillian Lane, August 2, 
1020. Address : Burlington. N. C. 



Tims. B. COOPER 

Titos. E. Cooper, Democrat. Representative front New Hanover 
County, was born in Mullins, S. C, August 30. 1883. Son of Noah 
B. and Litcinda (Jenerett) Cooper. Attended Mullins. South Caro- 
lina, public schools and two years at Citadel. Charleston. Grad- 
uated at 'Tails" Business College, Nashville, Tenn. Livestock and 
Coal Merchant. President North Carolina Bankers Association, 
1014. Chairman New Hanover County Board of Education for ten 
years, 1915-1925; also chairman of the New Hanover County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee. Member of Elks. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Janie Lauro Collins, of Conway. S. C. November 12. 1007. 
Address; Wilmington, N. C. 



CLARENCE HARWARD CRABTREE 

Clarence Harward Crabtree. Democrat. Representative front Lee 
County, was born at Sanford, N. C. December 9. 1906. Son of 
W. A. and Emily (Coleman) Crabtree. Attended Virginia Episcopal 
School and Sanford High School. Drug Clerk. Member of Kiwanis 
Club and Sanford Men's Club. County Commissioner. Finance 
Director during Roosevelt's Campaign in Lee County. Member bee 
County Library Board. Member of Kappa Psi and Chi Tau Fra- 
ternities. Member of Moose. Junior Order. Modern Woodmen of the 
World, and Lee County Grange. Presbyterian. Married Miss Mary 
Hushes in 1027. Address: Sanford. N. C. 



GEORGE WINSTON CRAIG 

George Winston Craig. Democrat. Representative from Buncombe 
County, was born in that county June IS, 1804. Son of Locke and 
Annie (Burgin) Craig. Attended Public and Private Schools of Ashe- 



Representatives 167 

ville and Webb School. Bellbuckle, Tenn., 1911; University of North 
Carolina. 1912-1916 ; Wake Foresl Law School, 1916. Lawyer. First 
Lieutenant United States Army. Tank Corps, 1917-1919. Board of 
Education, 1925. Referee in Bankruptcy. .Married Mis< Kathryne 
Taylor, June 8. 1!>-!L Address: Asheville. \. C. 



HENRY PALMER CRAVER 

Henry Palmer < 'raver. Republican. Representative from Yadkin 
County, was born in Courtney. N. G, .Inly 12, 1879. Son of Alvis .1. 
and Mary (Sprinkle) Craver. Attended Yadkin Valley Institute; 
Special work at A. & M. College. Manufacturer. Member of Town 
Hoard of Aldermen at different times. Elected dry Candidate in 
Prohibition election. Baptist. Associate Superintendent of Sunday 
School and Teacher of adult classes at different times. Married 
Mi-^s Ethel Bray. Address: Boonville. X. < '. 



EDWARD HATHAWAY CROSS 

Edward Hathaway Cross. Democrat. Representative from dates 
County. Was born at Gatesville, February 15, 1909. Son of Edgar 
and Mary Joyce (Hathaway) Cross. Attended Hobbsville High 
School and Wake Forest College: also Wake Forest Law School. 
LL.B. Lawyer. Was a member of the Gamma Eta Gamma fraternal 
organization. Married Mary Effie Martin. July 21. 1929. Address: 
Gatesville. N. C. 



ROY LIXW< M >D DAVIS 

Roy Liuwood Davis. Democrat. Representative from Dare County, 
was born at Wanchese. Dare Comity. December 1. 1888. Son of 
Samuel Nathan and Irene (Burgess) Davis. Attended Wanchese 
Grammar School and Wanchese Academy. 1894-1906; University of 
North Carolina. 1906-190S. Lieutenant. Supply Corps. U. S. Navy, 
Retired. County Commissioner. Dare County. 1932-1934. Enlisted 
July ."». 1910. in U. S. Navy and served continuously until December 
1. 1930, when placed on the retired list. Participated in several 
Cuban and Haitian revolutions; capture of Nora Cruz. Mexico and 



L68 Biogb vi'HKA!. Sketches 

attached to 5tb Battle Squadron which operated with the British 
Grand Fleet during the World Wnr until the surrender of the Ger- 
man High Sea Fleet. Wanchese Lodge, No. 521, A. F. & A. M. ; 
Nava] Council No. 11, Bremerton, Wash.; Olympus Chapter No. 27, 
Bremerton, Wash.; Malta Commandery No. 18, Bremerton. Wash.; 
Nile Temple A. A. < >. X. M. S., Seattle, Wash. Senior Deacon, Wan- 
chese Lodge, 1932; Senior Warden. 1933-1934. Methodisr. Lay 
Leader and Teacher Men's Bible Class. Wanchese Methodist Church. 
Married .Miss Alma Grace Burrus December S. 1917. Address: 
Wanchese. X. ('.. P. (). Box. 101. 



NERE E. DAY 

Nere E. Day. Democrat. Representative from Onslow County, was 
horn in Boone, May 0. 18S9. Son of Jesse J. and Rehecca (Cook) 
Day. Attended Appalachian Training School. 1903-1905; Crescent 
Academy. Rowan County. 1905-1906; University of North Carolina. 
10<t6-1907: University Law School. 1009-1910. Lawyer. Member 
North Carolina State Bar Association: member Slate Democratic 
Executive Committee. 1926-1930; Army Field Clerk. 1918-1919; sta- 
tioned at Port of Embarkation. Newport News, Va.. during World 
War: American Lesion. Representative from Onslow County in 
General Assembly of 1931. Methodist; Steward, 1924-1935. Mar- 
ried Miss Christine Sylvester. Richlands, X". C. November 10. 1915. 
Two boys. Sylvester and Nere. Jr.. ages fourteen and twelve. 
Address: Jacksonville. N. C. 

JULIUS GLADSTONE DLLS 

Julius Gladstone Dees, Democrat. Representative from Pamlico 
County, was born at Grantsboro. May 2::. IS!).",. Son of George and 
Julia Frances (Brinson) Dees. Attended Alliance High School; 
Whitsett Institute. 1910-1911-1912; University of North Carolina. 
1912-1915. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Par Association. 
County Attorney Pamlico County. 1931-1934; Solicitor Recorder's 
Court. 1931, 1034. U. S. Navy, Yeoman. 191S-1921. Commander 
Dixon-Cahoon Post No. 200 American Legion. 1931-1932. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly from Pamlico County 1933. Mission- 
ary Baptist. Married Miss Vivian Ola Sawyer. May 19, 1920. Six 
children, two girls and four boys. Address: Bayboro, X. C. 



Representativ es L69 

HENRY CORNELIUS DOBSON 

Henry Cornelius Dobson. Democrat, Representative from Surry 
County, was born in Rockford, N. C, March 12, ls'.>7. Son of Johu 
Hamlin and Alice (Cornelius) Dobson. Attended Graded Schools 
i>i Rockford, N. C, and High School of Winston-Salem. X. < '. 
Attended also two Textile Correspondence Schools. Textile Superin- 
tendent. United States Naval Seaman Signalman, July. 1918- March. 
1919. Member of American Legion. Member of Methodisl Episcopal 
Church South. Represents the fourth generation of his family to 
become a member of the General Assembly: Henry Dobson, a great 
great uncle; Joe Dobson, a grandfather: John II. Dobson, father. Mar- 
ried Miss Octavia Ray Blake, September is. 192S. Address: Elkin, 
X. C. 



DR. SAMUEL ERNEST DOUGLASS 

Samuel Ernest Douglas, Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born in Trey, X. ('.. January 10, 1884. Sen of William 
Campbell and Josie (Tysor) Douglass. Attended Carthage and 
Raleigh Public Schools; Morson and Denson High Schools; Peele's 
Business College; University of Maryland, Doctor of Dental Sur- 
gery: Hamilton College of Law: Morden's School of Real Estate 
and Insurance. Realtor and Farmer. Wake County Bar Associa- 
tion: Xorth Carolina Dental Society: Raleigh Real Estate Board. 
Vice-President Raleigh Real Estate Board. Honorably discharged 
as member Co. "B." North Carolina State Guard, 1901. Mason; 
Knights of Pythias : Junior Order. Owner of ten United States 
Patents, among them a rotary tooth brush, and several other arti- 
cles among the dental line. Member of General Assembly 1933 
Methodist. Married Miss Ruth Ingram, July 21, 1911. Address: 
Raleigh, X. C, R. 1. 



JOHN A. DOWTIN 

John A. Dowtin, Democrat. Representative from Warren County, 
was born in same county, 1861. Sim of W. A. and Mary (Watson) 
Dowtin. Attended public schools. Parmer. Register of Deeds 1900- 
L922. Representative in the General Assembly. 1925 and 1933. 
Married. Address; Warrenton, X. ( '. 



L70 Biographical Sketch i s 

WILLIAM WOOTEN EAGLES 

William Wooteu Eagles, Democrat, Representative from Edge- 
combe County, was born in thai county June 1!). 1881. Son of Ben- 
jamin Franklin and Sidney Elizabeth (Bradley) Eagles. Attended 
Edgecombe High School, 1 !)()< ► : University of North Carolina, 1904, 
A.B. Farmer and Banker. President Farmer's Cooperative Ex- 
change, Raleigh, N. C. Member Board of Directors, Southern State 
Cooperative. President Merchant and Farmer Bank, Macclesfield, 
N. C. Member Board Commissioners, 1913. Elected delegate Demo- 
cratic National Convention, 1928. Masonic Lodge: Shriner : Modern 
Woodmen. Master, .Masonic Lodge. Macclesfield, N. ('.. 1918. Rep- 
resentative from Edgecombe County in Genera] Assembly of 1933. 
Baptist. Deacon, 1928-1934. Married Miss Daisy McLean October 
IT. 1918. Address: Macclesfield. N. C. 



PAUL R. Kin IX 

Paul R. Ervin, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was bom at Mt. Mourne, N. C, April 8, 1908. Son of Rev- 
erend J. <). and Stella Dove (Conger) Ervin. Attended Asheville 
High School and Rurtherfordton High School, 1919-1924; Duke T T ni- 
versity, 1924-1931, A.B. Degree in 1928 and LL.B. Degree in 1931, 
Lawyer. Judge Pro Tern Mecklenburg County Recorder's Court. 
Steward in Methodist Episcopal Church. South. Address: Law- 
Building. Charlotte. X. C. 



I >SCAR S. FALKNER 

Oscar S. Falkner. Democrat, Representative from Vance County, 
was born in Vance County. Son of Rufus N. and Margaret I . Rudd i 
Falkner. Attended public schools of Vance County. Farmer and 
Tobacco Warehouseman. Member Farmers Grange; officer in 
Aycock Unit Vance County. Deputy Sheriff Vance County. 1S92- 
1S96: Chief of Police of Henderson. 181)1 and 1916. Member Home 
Guards, 1S9S. Representative from Vance County in General Assem- 
bly of ]'.»:;:;. Presbyterian. .Married Miss Ruth C. Clements. 1891. 
Address: Henderson. X". C. 



Representatives 1 71 

WILLIAM IHRIE FARRELL 

William Ihrie Farrell, Democrat. Representative from Moutgom 
ery County, was horn in Pittsboro, N. C, Feb. 12, 1904. Son of 
Robert Tilton and Lila (Dale) Farrell. Attended Pittsboro High 
School. 1918-1922; University of North Carolina. 1922-1924; Atlanta 
Southern Dental College, 1924-1928, D.D.S. Dentist. Member of 
North Carolina Dental Society; American Dental Association; Troy 
Lions Club; Delia Sigma Delta Dental Fraternity: Masons. Bap- 
tist. Married Miss Louise B. Allen. March .".0. 1929. Address: 
Troy, N. ('. 



WILLIAM EATON FENNER 

William Eaton Fenner, Democrat, Representative from Nash 
County, was born in Halifax. November 29, 1880. Son of J. H. and 
Clara (Ferebee) Fenner. Attended Wake Forest College two years. 
1896-98; N. C. State College. 1898-99. Tobacco Warehouseman. 
Member Eastern Carolina Warehouse Association: President Ware- 
house Association; Chairman Warehouse Code Authority. Mason. 
Married Miss Ethyle Paschall, March. 1930. Address: Rocky Mount. 

x. c. 



COBLE FUNDERBURK 

Colile Funderburk. Democrat. Representative from Union County, 
was born near Pageland, S. C. January IS. 1905. Son of H. J. and 
Sloan (Jones) Funderburk. Attended "Pine Field" School; Page- 
land High School; Finished High School in Spring of 1924; Fin- 
ished Furinan University in Spring of 1928. A.B. Degree; Law at 
Wake Forest College. 'Lawyer. Member of Rotary Club. Baptist. 
Address : Monroe. N. » '. 



ERNEST A. GARDNER 

Ernest A. Gardner. Democrat, Representative from Cleveland 
County, was born at Shelby. December 23, 1897. Son id' Virgil A. 

and Florence I Nolan i Gardner. Attended Fallston High Scl 1. 

1915-1918; Boiling Springs High School, 1918-1919. LLP. Wake 
Forest College, 1923. Lawyer. Member House of Representatives 
in 19::::. Baptist. Married Miss Vera Richardson, May lb. 1920. 
Address : Shelby. X. C. 



1 72 Biographical Sketches 

CLARENCE DOW GARRELL 

Clarence Dow Garrell, Democrat, Representative from Columbus 
County. Born in Tabor. September 14. 1891. Son of Henry M. and 
Sara Jane Garrell. Attended Columbus County Schools. Merchant 
and Banker. Served on Columbus County Board Commissioners, 
1931 and 1932, as a member and served as that Board's Chairman 
through the years 1933 and 1934. T". S. X. R. F. as Gunner's Mare 
in 1918. Married Miss Bertha Elizabeth Johnson. March 14. 1926. 
Address: Tabor City. X. < \ 



JAMES E. GARRETT 

James E. Garrett, Democrat, Representative from Richmond 
County, was born in Rockingham, X. C. Son of Dr. F. J. and Ida 
(Pooh., Garrett. Attended Bailey Military Institute. 1915-1918; 
State College; Wake Forest College; Dnke University. Lawyer. 
Private. Student Army Training Corp. 191S. Member of Sigma Xu 
Fraternity. Methodist. Address: Rockingham, X. C. 



WILLIAM HARRIS GIBSOX 

William Harris Gibson, Democrat, Representative from Scotland 
County, was born in Wagram, April 2."!, 1908. Son of William 
Davis and Anna (Seals) Gibson. Educated at Wagram High School, 
192.3: and Wake Forest College. B.A. Degree. 1929. Athletic Direc- 
tor and Teacher. Member Delta Sigma Chi Fraternity. Member 
of Spring Hill Baptist Church. Address: Wagram. X. C 



THOMAS COWAN GRAY 

Thomas Cowan Gray. Democrat. Representative from Clay County, 
was born in Dunlap, May 10. 1903. Son of Thomas Chalmers and 
Nannie (Burke) Gray. Attended Iredell County and Statesville 
Graded and High School. Summer school at Wake Forest, studying 
law. in 1929. Lawyer. Member of North Carolina State Bar. Inc. 
Served County Attorney for Clay County, 1932-1934; chairman Clay 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1932-1934: Member 20th 
Judicial District Bar Committee for Clay Countv ; member Cougres- 



Representatives L73 

sional Committee 11th District : < Jharrman Clay ( !ounty Re-employment 
Committee, November, 1933, until resigned Spring, MY.'A. Member 
Clay Lodge Xo. 301. A. F. and A. M. ; Junior Order United Ameri- 
can Mechanics, Council No. 217, Clay County. Elected by Clay 
Lodge No. 301, A. F. and A. M., t<> represenl Clay Lodge in meeting 
of Grand Lodge to be held in Raleigh on April 16. 1935. Appointed 
Senior Deacon Clay Lodge 301. A. F. and A. M. for 1935. Presbyte- 
rian. Married Miss Viola West. August 0. 1930. Address: Hayes- 
ville, N. C. 



REGINALD LEE HARRIS 

Reginald Lee Harris. Democrat, Representative from Person 
County, was born in Roxboro, September 9. 1890. Son of William 
H. and Rosa Lee (Jordan) Harris. Attended Virginia Military Insti- 
tute. Cotton Manufacturer. Member Board of Trusties University 
of North Carolina. Member House of Representatives. 1027. 1929, 
and 1931: Speaker of the House. 1933. Member Educational Com- 
mission, 1929-1931. Member Advisory Budget Commission, r.>::i-l!>:::;. 
Roxboro Rotary Club. Methodist. Kappa Alpha Fraternity. Mar- 
ried Miss Katharine Long. December 10. 191.".. Six children. Ad- 
dress : Roxboro, N. < '. 



CHARLES MILLER HAUSER 

Charles Miller Hauser, Democrat. Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Clemmons, N. C, in 1868. Son of Phillip A. 
and Margaret Elizabeth (Pledger) Hauser. Attended Reid's Acad- 
emy, 1S90-1893. Junior Order. Justice of the Peace, L905-1915, in 
Forsyth County, and Notary Public, 1930-1935. Member of House 
of Representatives from Stokes County. 1923-1925. Methodist 1 
copal Church; Superintendent Sunday School. Married Miss Minnie 
Lee Foster. May 6. 1893. Address: Winston-Salem, \. »'., [{. No. :;. 



GEORGE ALEXANDER HEAD 

George Alexander Head, Republican. Representative from Ruther- 
ford County, was born in Caroleen, N. ('.. March 24, 10(16. Son of 
James and Eunice (Hill) Head. Attended Caroleen Graded School: 



I 7 I Biographical Sketch es 

Henrietta-Caroleen High School; one year at Mountain Park Junior 
College; at present taking a course in Salesmanship with I. ('. S. 
Clerk in store. Baptist; Teacher in Junior Department. Married 
Miss Ruth Beatty, October LO, L931. Address: Caroleen, N. ('. 



WILLIAM .MARSH HENRY 

William Marsh Henry. Democrat, Representative from Transyl- 
vania County, was born in Henderson County. August '■>. 1.S67. Son 
of William Blythe and Atilla Delilah (Brittain) Henry. Attended 
public schools of Transylvania County: Rutherford College. Con- 
nelly Springs, 1886-1888. Farmer. Register of Heeds. 1898-1904; 
County Commissioner, 1906-1910; Mayor Brevard, 1911-1913; Post- 
master, 191.1-1923: Alderman, 1925-1930. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1905 and 1931. Member Dunns Rock Lodge No. 
267, A. F. & A. M., Brevard; Jr. O. U. A. M. Baptist: Deacon; 
Church Clerk: Moderator Transylvania Association. 1925-1926. Mar- 
ried Miss Mattie M. Williams. November 23. 1897. 



JULIUS C. HOBBS 

Julius C. Hobbs, Democrat, Representative from New Hanover 
County, was born in Sampson County. .Tune. 1879. Son of Julius C. 
and Mary E. (Kerr) Hobbs. Attended Private Schools: Goldsboro 
Graded Schools: Oak Ridge Institute; University of North Carolina. 
Electrical Engineer. Secretary County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee. 1924-1926. Member of the Fraternity of Freemasons and 
Junior Order United American Mechanics. Presbyterian. Married 
.Miss Maude E. Player. June. 1903. Address: Wilmington. X. C. 



HUGH G. HORTON 

Hugh G. Horton, Democrat, Representative from Martin County, 
was horn at Ahoskie, N. ('.. December 2:;. 1.896. Son of John A. 
and Oda Novella (Byrd) Horton. Attended Ahoskie High School 
and Winton High School: Wake Forest Law School. 1922. Lawyer. 
American Bar Association and North Carolina Bar Association. 
Mayor of Williamstou. 1923. Prosecuting Attorney Martin County. 



Rkpiikskntativks 1 , 5 

P.^7. Private, in 1918. 2S0 Field Hospital, 20tli Sanitary Train, 
Camp Sevier, South Carolina. Skewarkee Lodge No. '•><>. A. F. & 
A. M.. Williamston. Washington, N. C, Lodge No. 922, B. 1'. O. 
Elks. Sudan Temple, A. A. O. N. M. Shrine .\C\\ Bern. X. < '. New- 
Bern Consistory No. .'!. Scottish Rite Masonry. Member Williamstoi 
Memorial Baptist Church, Williamston. N. < '. Married Miss Bessie 
o. Page. November 11. 1928. Address: Williamston. X. ('. 



BRITTON JOHN HOWARD 

Britton John Howard. Democrat, Representative from Orang< 
County, was horn near Jonesboro, X. O, June •">. 1SS5. Son of Allen 
Susy and Emma (Thomas) Howard. Attended Broadway Normal 
School: Elon College; University of North Carolina. Minister. Mein- 
her of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and the Junior Order of 
United American Mechanics. Member of United (Christian-Congre- 
gational i Church. Married Miss Mallissa Thomas. May 10. 1916. 
Address : Chapel Hill. X. C. 



THOMAS CRAWFORD HOYLE, JR. 

Thomas Crawford Hoyle, Jr.. Democrat. Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was horn June 19, 1!><>7. Son of Thomas Crawford and 
Lucy W. (Welfly) Hoyle. Attended Pomona High School, 1920-1924; 
University of North Carolina. V.HM-l'.rjs : Wake Forest College. Law- 
yer. Greensboro Chamber of Commerce. Member North Carolina 
and Greensboro Par Associations. Member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of 1933. Special Counsel of the Home Owner's Loan Cor- 
poration. 1933-34. Methodist Episcopal church. Address: Greens 
horo. X. < '. 



MRS. CHARLES HUTCHINS 

Mrs. Charles Hutchins. Democrat, Representative fr i'ancej 

County, was horn in Windom, Yancey County. Daughter of John 
Mills and Martha (Young) Griffith. Educated at Yancey Collegiate 
Institute. Broke the World's Record for Cross-Country Hiking; 
walking from Burnsville to Asheville, a distance of forty miles, in 
seven hours ami thirty-eight minutes. April 25, L927. shown by Fox 



1 7<i Biographical Sketch es 

News-Reel. Vice-Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee 
of Yancey County. 1930-1934. Member of Higgins Memorial Metho- 
dist Church; member of Ladies Aid and Missionary Societies. Mar- 
ried Charles Hutchins. Attorney. Address: Burnsville. X. < '. 



HOWELL JOHN HATCHER 

Howell John Hatcher, Democrat, Representative from Burke 
County, was born in Carrol County. Virginia. Son of Thomas 1». 
and Cora C. (Ingram) Hatcher. Attended Mount Airy High School. 
.Mount Airy. N. C. : Trinity College. Durham. X. C. 1923; Trinity 
College Law School. 1924, LL.B. Attorney at Law. Burke County 
Bar and North Carolina State Bar. Member hoard of trustees Mor- 
ganton Graded Schools for four years. Resigned to take office as 
member of General Assembly. 2nd Lieutenant Infantry. Xorth Caro- 
lina National Guard. 1921-1924: 1st Lieutenant Officers Reserve 
Corps: U. S. Army. 1st Lieutenant; 105th Engineers, Xational Guard 
of Xorth Carolina, and of the United States, and assigned to duty 
with Co. B of Morganton at present time. Mason: Jr. O. U. A. M. : 
Knights of Pythias; Modern "Woodmen. Secretary Masonic Lodge 
at Morganton for live years. Athletic Director and Coach Georgia 
Military Academy. Atlanta. Georgia, two years following graduation 
from college. Vice President Morganton Kiwanis Club. 1933; Presi- 
dent Morganton Kiwanis Club, 1934: Lieutenant-Governor Carolinas 
District Kiwanis, 1935. First Methodist Church South, of Morgan- 
ton; member Board of Stewards since l!r_'<>; Chief Usher since l!»_".t. 
Married Miss Faith Adair. Gainesville. Georgia. January 27. lhl'T : 
one child, a boy three years old, Howell John Hatcher. Jr. Address: 
Morganton, N. < '. 



CLARENCE EDWIN HYDE 

Clarence Edwin Hyde. Republican. Representative from Cherokee 
County, was horn at Bryson City, N. C, October 1. 1908. Son of 
William Allen and Rosa Lee (Grant) Hyde. Graduated Mars Hil! 
College. 1!»27: attended Wake Forest College three years. Lawyer. 
Passed Bar in 1931. Mayor Town of Andrews. 1933-1934. Pi Gamma 
Sigma Fraternity. Wake Forest. X. C. Visor, lJ). o ,0-l!t::i. Baptist. 
Address: Andrews. X. C. 



Representatives 1 i i 

CYRUS CONRA] l JOHNSTON 

Cyrus Conrad Johnston. Democrat, Representative fr Iredell 

County, was born in Xlooresville, X. ('.. .Inly 2. 1894. Son of \V. C. 
and Margaret ( Sloan i Johnston. Attended <>ak Ridge, 1910; Trin- 
ity Park. 11)11: Trinity College. Engaged in Hardware ami Cotton 
Business. Member of Hard ware Association; Mason: Shriuer. Mem- 
ber of City Council, ten years. Mayor, four years. In World War. 
1917-1918. State Commander American Legion, L931. .Married M:s< 
Elizabeth Rankin, .June 1.",. 1927. Address: Mooresville. X. C. 



CHARLES ANDREW JONAS 

Charles Andrew Jonas. Republican. Lincolnton, was born in Lin- 
coln County. August 14. 1876. Son of Sephus and Martha (Scronce) 
Jonas. Educated in Ridge Academy. Lincoln County. 1x95-97 ; Eall- 
ston Institute. Cleveland County. 1S97-99 ; Ph.B., Universitj of Nortb 
Carolina. 1902; University of North Carolina Law School. 1905. 
Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Association. City Attorney 
Lincolnton. 1909-12; Postmaster Lincolnton. 1907-1909 (resigned); 
Hoard Trustees Lincolnton City Schools: State Senator. 1915 and 
1917. Member State House of Representatives. 1927. Member 
Board of Trustees of University of North Carolina since 1917. Assist- 
ant United States Attorney. Western District of .North Carolina. 
1921-1925. Republican National Committee from North Carolina 
since September, 1!»-J7. <h]<] Fellow: Jr. < >. U. A. XL: K. of 1'. 
Methodist; teacher of Xlen's Class. First .Methodist Church: member 
Board of Stewards eighteen years. Delegate to General Conference 
at Jackson. Miss.. 1934; has been Charge Lay Leader, also District 
Lay Leader, and many times Delegate to Annual Conference. Rotarj 
(Tub; Lincolnton Professional Club. Member of Congress from old 
Ninth District. 1929-31 : United States Attorney Western District. 
1931-1932. Married August 23. 1902. to Miss Rosa Petrie. Address: 
Lincolnton. N. C. 



BAXTER C. JONES 

Baxter C. Jones, Democrat. Representative from Swain County, 
was born in Jackson County. August •'.. LssT. Son of Neson 1'. and 
Emma S. (Woodard) Jones. Attended Cullowhee State Normal, 
11)09-1914, inclusive, and graduated with diploma ; University of North 

12 



17 s - Biographical Sketches 

Carolina, 1917-19. Lawyer. County Attorney Swain County Cor 
pasl four years and holds this position at present. lias been Noble 
Grand and member of Grand Lodge. Served in World War. in the 
United Stales Navy, 1918-1919. Mason and Odd Fellow. Representa- 
tive from Jackson County in the 1915 Session of the Legislature. 
Baptist; Sunday School Teacher. Married Miss Emma May DeHart. 
January •"». 1935. Address: Bryson City, N. C. 



WALTER I). KELLY 

Walterl>. Kelly, Republican, Representative from Sampson County, 
was horn in Sampson County. November 28, 1871. Son of Alex- 
ander and Julia l Herring) Kelly. Attended Public Schools of Samp- 
son County. Merchant and Farmer. Member of Road Commission 
of Sampson County for eight years. Missionary Baptist; Trustee of 
Clinton Baptist Church for past four years. Married Miss Laura 
Jane Crumpler, December, 1896. Address: Clinton. N. C. 



NOAH BENJAMIN KENDRICK 

Noah Benjamin Kendrick. Democrat. Representative from Gaston 
Comity, was horn in Cleveland County. November 22. 1869. Son of 
Larkin S. and Mary Katherine (Putnam i Kendrick. Attended Coun- 
try school. Brick Manufacturer. Charlotte Chamber of Commerce. 
Knights of Pythias : thirty-second degree Mason. Representative 
from Gaston County in 1!K>!> and 1911 sessions of the Legislature. 
Cherryville Baptist Church. Clerk. 



LOOMIS FRANKLIN KLUTZ 

Loomis Franklin Klutz. Republican. Representative from Catawba 
County. Was born at Maiden, N. C. May 27. 1888. Son of Dr. 
P. J. and Luella (Carpenter) Klutz. Attended South Fork Institute. 
1900-1903. Catawba College; Washington & Lee, B.A. Degree. 1911; 
received certificate of Highest Honor in Debating in 1911: received 
Improvement Medal in Debating from Catawba Colic-,' in 1907. 
Attended Trinity College Law School and Wake Forest College Law 
School; Assistant in English and Instructor in Debating at Trinity 



Representatives 1 79 

College. 1912-13. Lawyer and Cotton Grower. Member X. C. Bar 
and Catawba County Bar Association. County Attorney for Alex- 
ander County, 1914-1918; County Attorney for Catawba County, 1918- 
1922; Government Attorney Alexander County and Catawba County 
during World War. Solicitor for Catawba County. 1918-1922. Attor- 
ney for Highway Commission for Catawba County from 1919-1929. 
City attorney for the town of Maiden since 1!>22. Appointed by 
Governor McLean delegate to Pan-American Congress held in New 
York City. Mason; Eastern Star: White Shrine; Royal Arch. 
Junior O. U. A. M. ; Secretary of Taylorsville Chapter Eastern Star. 
Worthy Patron of Maiden Chapter Eastern Star. Worthy Patron 
and Associate Patron of Newton Chapter Eastern Star. (J rand Sen- 
tinel of the Grand Chapter of North Carolina Order of Eastern Star. 
Author of "A Post Card Description of North Carolina": also. "De- 
scription of Catawba County." Chairman of County Republican 
Executive Committee and member of the State Republican Executive 
Committee. Representative in General Assembly of L925, 1927 and 
1929. Elder of Grace Reformed Church; Teacher of Ladies' Bible 
Class of Grace Reformed Sunday School. Married, September 28 
1922. Mrs. Maggie Lou Turner, formerly Miss Cline. Two children. 
Mary Ella and Sarah. Address: Newton. N. C. 



G. WILLIE LEE 

G. Willie Lee. Democrat, Representative from Johnston County, 
was born in Pleasant Grove Township. Johnston County. January 4. 
18S9. Son of Win. A. and Edith (Carroll I Lee Attended Public 
Schools of Johnston County. 1897-1!»(>7. Farmer. Member Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee. Baptist. Superintendent Sunday School 
since 1929. Chairman Board of Trustees Cleveland High School. 
.Married Miss Mary Stephenson. January 9, 1910. Six children. 
Address: Pecan Grove Farms. R. F. 1 >. No. 1, Willow Springs, X. C. 



LOVIRA WRIGHT LEGGETT 

Lovira W. Leggett, Democrat Representative from Halifax County, 
was born at Louisville, Ky.. August 2G, ISS7. Son of Dr. Kenelm 
and August (Wright) Leggett. Attended school at Ruies Creek. 
1S!)N: Oak Ridge Institute. 1900-1901; Trinity School (Chocowinityl 



l v Biogk vphical Sketches 

1001-1905; Wake Forest College, 1905-1909; Summer Law School 
1910; two years medicine and two years law at Wake Forest College 
Lawyer. Member Scotland Neck Lodge, No. l~o. A. F. and A. M.. 
and William R. Davie Chapter. Rose Croix No. 4. Representative 
from Halifax County in General Assembly of 1925. .Married Miss 
Sallie Hyman, 1!>14. Address: Hobgood, X. C. 



HARRY R. LINDSEY 

Harry R. Lindsey. Democrat, Representative from Rockingham 
County, was born in same county November "-!'.>. 1S86. Son of .las. R. 
and Catherine E. (Ratcliff) Lindsey. Attended Public Schools: High 
School, 1892-1904.; Business and Night Schools. 1906. Insurance and 
Merchant. Clerk Recorder's Court. Leaksville Township. 1927-1929, 
1932-1934. Member Board of Conservation and Development. Post- 
master at Draper. X. ('.. 1914-1922. Member of <>dd Fellows and 
Woodmen. Has filled every office in local lodge of Odd Fellows. 
Secretary of Sunday Schools for many years. Married Miss Mar- 
garet Odette Cre.L r son. August 1. 1909. Address: Draper. X. C. 



WILLIAM L. LUMPKIN 

William L. Lumpkin, Democrat. Representative from Frankin 
County, was born at Youngsville. N. C. May 14. 1903. Son of J. S. 
and Lena (Parker) Lumpkin. Attended Youngsville High School 
and Franklinton High School; Wake Forest College, 1920-1923: Wake 
Forest Law School. Lawyer. Louisburg Kiwanis Club; City Attor- 
ney town of Franklinton. Baptist: Deacon: President Franklin 
County Baraca-Philathea Union, 1924. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly, 1929. 1931, and 1933. Married Miss Margaret I'.. 
Ray. 1922. Address: Louisburg, X. C. 



MARTIN McCALL 

Martin McCall, Democrat. Representative from Robeson County, 
was horn in Edinburgh. Scotland. X. B.. December 25. 18S6. Son of 
Alexander C. and Sarah W. (Hay) McCall. Attended James Gillis- 
pie School. 1891-1896; George Heriol School. 1896-1904; Heriot-Watt 



Representatives 



hi 



College, Brewing and Chemistry. Edinburgh. Scotland. X. 1'... 1905 
1907. Farmer. President Robeson County Taxpayers League, 1932- 
1933. Member of Knights of Pythias and Grange. Commander 
Knights of Pythias. 192G. Master Subordinate Grange. 1934. Mem- 
ber of Philadelphia Presbyterian Church. Married Miss Sophia 
Brown, October 12. 1911. Became Naturalized Citizen .-it Raleigh. 
X. <'.. November V.'. 1923. Address: lied Springs. X. C. 



KAi.ru \v. Mcdonald 

Ralph W. McDonald. Democrat. Representative from Forsyth 
County. w;is born in Omaha. III.. March 1. 1903. Sun of G. L. and 
Lillie (Sanders) .McDonald. Attended Public High School. 1915 
1919; Hendrix. A.B.. 1923; Duke. A.M., 1927; Duke Ph.D.. 1933. 
College Professor of Educational Psychology. Former Head of De- 
partment of Psychology and Education, Salem College. National Ed. 
Assn.. North Carolina Educational Association: Southern Society 
on Philosophy and Psychology; National Society College Teachers of 
Education; Piedmont School Masters Club; North Carolina College 
Teachers: North Carolina Higher Education Association, and other 
minor organizations. Phi Beta Kappa: Kappa Delta Pi: Pi Gamma 
Mu : Chapter President Kappa Delta Pi. 1933. Author of "Neces- 
sity and Means for Equitable State School Aid" (Taxation). 1927: 
"A study of the Learning of American History in High Schools": 
and writer of magazine articles on various subjects in education. 
Methodist Episcopal. South: Superintendent Sunday School Cente 
nary Church. Winston-Salem. X. C. 1929-11)32: Teacher Young Men's 
Bible Class, same church, since 1932. Married Miss Athleen Taylor, 
June 12. 192.".. 



.ALKIE McEACHERN 



Laurie McEachern. Democrat. Representative from Hoke County. 
was born in Ma How. Georgia. May 2S. 1S9G. Son of John F. and 
Margaret G. (Baker) McEachern. Attended Warrenton High School. 
1910-1913; Washington and Lee University. 1913-1917. Farmer 
['resident Raeford Kiwanis Club, 1930. Representative in the Gen 
era] Assembly of 1931 and 1933. Presbyterian. Address: Raeford. 
X. C. 



182 I tlOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

.mai.coi.m McQueen 

Malcolm McQueen, Democrat. Representative Loin Cumberland 
County, was born at lied Springs, N. C, November 30, 1904. Son of 
Peter and Catherine (Tatum) McQueen. Attended White Oak Acad- 
emy, Class of '23; Davidson College, 1923-1925; Wake Forest College, 
1926-1927. Lawyer: Solicitor Cumberland County Court. 1930-1932; 
Judge Cumberland County Court. 1932-1933. Pi Gamma Sigma Fra- 
ternity at Wake Forest College; K. of P.; Loyal Order of Moose. 
Presbyterian. Married Miss Mary R. Murphy, November 30, 1925. 
Adddress : Fayetteville, X. C. 



P. W. MEEK INS 

P. W. Meekins, Democrat. Representative from Caldwell County, 
was born in Manteo, N. C. in 1902. Son of Theo. S. and Rosa P. 
(Midgett) Meekins. Attended Manteo High School. 1915-1919; Uni- 
versity «»f North Carolina. 1919-11)21: Emerson Institute. Washing- 
ton, D. C. 1922; Wake Forest Law School, 1923-1925. Bachelor of 
Laws. Lawyer. Caldwell County Bar Association: North Caro- 
lina State Bar Association. City Attorney. Manteo, N. C, 1930-1931; 
County Attorney, Dare County. 1927-1931; Prosecuting Attorney. 
Dare County Recorder's Court. 1929-1931. Phi Beta Nu Law Fra- 
ternity. Methodist. 



CLARENCE EDWIN MITCHELL 

Clarence Edwin Mitchell. Democrat. Representative from Wake 
County, was horn November 20. 1886. Son of James Wesley and 
Mary Ann (King) Mitchell. Attended Raleigh Public Schools. Printer. 
Proprietor of Mitchell Printing Company. Raleigh. N. C. Member of 
Chamber of Commerce and Kiwanis Club of Raleigh. President of 
Traveler's Aid Society of Raleigh. Member of Advisory Board of 
The Assoicated Charities of Raleigh: Raleigh Merchants' Association; 
N. C. Master Printers Association: The Tar Heel Club: Hiram Lodge, 
No. 40, A. F. and A. M.. Scottish Rite Mason. Sudan Temple A. A. 
t i. N. M. S. of New Bern. N. C. : Seatou Gales Lodge of Odd Fellows. 
Capital City Council. Jr. O. U. A. M. ; Capital Chapter No. 162, 
Order of the Eastern Star: Past President Raleigh Shrine Club. Past 
Patron Capital Chapter 162. Order of the Eastern Star: Present 



Kl l'KhSKNTATI\ IS 1 S3 

Grand Sentinel of the Grand Chapter of North Carolina Order of 
the Eastern Star. Baptist. Tabernacle Baptisl Church; Deacon: 
Former Superintendent Southside Baptist Sunday School and one of 
the organizers. Married on July 4. 1905. to Miss Mary Louise Miller. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



JASPER LEE MOODY 

Jasper Lee Moody. Democrat. Representative from Chatham County, 
was born in Chatham County February 15. 1897. Son of Thomas 
Jasper and Ella (Dunlap) Moody. Attended Bonlee High School: 
School of Law. of Chicago. Illinois: Wake Forest Law School. Law- 
yer. Junior Order of United American Mechanics: Patriotic Sons of 
America. Baptist. Married Miss Lucy Baldwin. April 4. 1924. 
Address : Siler City. N. C. 



ROBERT BRUCE MORPHEW 

Robert Bruce Morphew. Democrat. Representative from Graham 
County. Was born in R'obbinsville, N. C in 1901. Son of Thomas 
Arthur and Lillian (Slaughter) Morphew. Graduated from Rob- 
binsville High School. 1919; attended Cullowhee Normal School. 
1920: P.. A. : Tusculum College. 192.".: Duke University. 1926-27; Sum- 
mer School. Wake Forest. 1927. Lawyer. Sigma Nu Phi. legal fra- 
ternity. Member of N. C. State Bar and District Bar. United Order 
of American Mechanics. National Guard. 1924-26, Troop 1'. Cavalry, 
at camp during summer, corporal. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1931 and 1933. County Attorney. P.r,4. Address: Rob- 
binsville. N. C. 



,K »I1N HENRY. NORWOOD 

John Henry Norwood. Democrat, Representative from Stanly 
County, was born in Norwood. N. ('.. June 11. 1S72. Son of John 
and Sallie Ann iMcSwaiin Norwood. Attended Common Schools 
of Stanly County and Norwood High School: Summer Law School. 
1913, Wake Forest College and the University Summer Law School, 
1!»14. Lawyer. Building and Loan. Retired Postal Employee. 
Member Albemarle Rotary Club: National Association Railway Mail 



1 8 I BlOGRAPH K'AI. Sk etch es 

Clerks: National Association of Rui'al Carriers. Taught in County 
Schools for ten years before the days of Graded Schools. Was in 
the Government Service thirty-three years and now retired. Past 
Mayor and City Clerk of Norwood. X. C. Member of the Board of 
Commissioners. Member of Woodmen of the World: Knights of 
Pythias; Moose; Junior Order United American Mechanics: Mason: 
Knight Templar; Royal Arch and Member Oasis Temple A. A. < >. M. 
Shrine: Stanly County Pomona Grange; President of Stanly 
County Shrine Club; Clerk Woodmen Camp. Norwood, for twenty- 
live years: Past Master Pee Pee Lodge. No. 1.10. Norwood. N. C. 
and now Secretary: odd Fellows and Worthy Patron of Norwood 
Chapter No. 164, Order Pastern Star. State Secretary North Caro- 
lina Rural Letter Carriers' Association eight years in succession: 
President for one term: National Delegate live years to National 
Conventions. Li 1930 was one id' a committee of five selected from 
the membership in the United States by the National President to 
formulate new laws and regulations for the association. The com- 
mittee was known as the "Research Committee." It met in Los Ange- 
les. California, and made the report. Methodist: Steward; Head 
Usher; Trustee Church Property: Recoi'ding Steward. Married 
Miss Hattie Rosanna Crump. November 13, 1895. Address: Norwood, 
N. C 




Representatives L85 

JOHN HILL PAYLOR 

joint Hill Paylor, Democrat, Representative from Tin County. 
\v;is bora in Laurinburg, X. C, October 22, ls'.Mi. Sun of James 
Monroe and Elizabeth Ann (Ilillt Paylor. Attended Laurinburg 
High School. Laurinburg, X. ('. : University of North Carolina. L915- 
1916, 1916-1917, 1917-1918; LL.B. Degree, University of North Caro- 
lina. 1921. Lawyer. Member North Carolina State Bar; Pitt 
County Bar; North Carolina Bar Association. Entered United 
States Army August 26, 1918; qualified for Commission as Second 
Lieutenant but Armistice declared before it was issued : lionorably 
discharged December 16. 1918. Member of Farmville Lodge No. 
.".17. A. P. and A. M. : Greenville Chapter No. 50, R. A. M. : Bethlehem 
( 'onini.indery No. 29. K. T.. Greenville; Sudan Temple. A. A. < >. 
X. M. S.. New Bern, X. C. : Parmville Post American Legion. No. 151, 
Parmville. X. C. ; Worshipful Master Parmville Lodge ">1T A. P. 
A: A. M.. 1925-1926; Worshipful Master Parmville Lodge ~>17 
A. P. and A. M.. 1934: First Post Commander Farmville Post Ameri- 
can Legion No. 151. when organized in December. 1922. ami held same 
office in 1923. 1924. 1926. and 1927; District Commander Fifth Dis- 
trict American Legion, 1931. Member of Morton Memorial Presby- 
terian Church. Parmville. X. <'. : Fleeted Elder April ::. 1922. and 
served continuously since that date: Superintendent Sunday School 
since 1924. Married to Miss Alice Katherine Flynn, June 11. 1921 : 
two children. John Hill Paylor. Jr.. and Robert Plynn Paylor. 
Address: Farmville. N. C. 



ALBERT BALLARD PALMER 

Albert Ballard Palmer. Democrat. Representative from Cabarrus 
County, was horn in Port Republic. Rockingham County, Virginia. 
February 16. 1885. Son of John YV. and Catherine (Funkhouseri 
Palmer. Attended Mt. Vernon Academy. Port Republic. Virginia: 
Piedmont Business College. Lynchburg, Virginia. 1905: Elon Col- 
lege. X. ('.. 1905-1907; Baltimore University School of Law. 1908 
1909. Baltimore. Md. ; Baltimore Law School (Now University of 
Maryland), 1910-1911, LL.B. Lawyer. North Carolina Bar Asso 
ciation. Past President of Cabarrus County Bar Association: E'asl 
Secretary loth Judicial District Bar Association. .Indue Recorder's 
Court. Concord. X. C. 1916-191S ; .Indue Recorder's Court. 1020-1928. 



] 36 Biographical Sketch es 

Served as Member of Local Board during the World War: legal 
adviser. B. P. O. Elks; Pasl Exalted Ruler of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks of the United Stales of America; Pasl Dis- 
trict Deputy of the Grand Exalted Ruler of the Grand Lodge of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks. Past President of the 
Concord Kiwanis Club. For several years Dictator of the Loyal 
i filler of Moose. State Senator, Twentieth Senatorial District. 1019. 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Address: Concord. N. ('. 



ULYSSES S. PAGE 

Ulysses S. Page. Democrat. Representative from Bladen, was 
born in Robeson County May 2.*;. 1S94. Sen of Ellis E. and Eliza- 
beth (Britt) Page. Attended Lumberton Public Schools. Farmer 
and Merchant. Four years in United States Navy. 1910-1914. For- 
merly Chief Police of LaGrange, Mount Olive and Dunn. Seventh 
Degree Grange. Methodist. Married Miss Lemoyne Rouse. Decem- 
ber 10. P.I14. One daughter. Ottalee Lemoyne. Address: Fayette- 
ville. N. C. Route No. 7. 



CHARLES AUGUSTUS PETERSON 

C. A. Peterson, Republican. Representative from Mitchell County, 
was born at Relief. N. C. in 1SS2. Son of Solomon and Julia 
(Edwards) Peterson. Attended Bowman Academy. Bakersville. 
N. C. 19(10: Dwight Institute. Erwin. Tenn.. 1901: Tennessee Medi- 
cal College, 1903-1906; N. C. Medical College. Degree of M.D.. 1907: 
Post Graduate Course at New York Tost Graduate Medical School 
and Hospital; Tulane University. Physician and Surgeon. Mem- 
ber North Carolina State Medical Society: Southern Medical Asso- 
ciation; American Medical Association. President Rank of Spruce 
Pine. N. C, 1916-1 922 : President Board of Trade Spruce Pine. 1920. 
U. S. Pension Examiner since 191.1. Member Oasis Temple: Knights 
l'.\t bias: Jr. O. U. A. M. Past President Mitchell County Medical 
Society: Past President Tri-County Medical Society. Past Master 
Vesper Lodge, A. F. and A. M. Representative in the General Assem- 
bly from Mitchell County for the session of 1923 and the special ses- 
sion of 1924. Married Miss Nora McCall in 11 ins. Address; spruce 
Pine. N. C. 



Representatives 187 

RUPERT TARPLEY PICKENS 

Rupert Tarpley Pickens, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was born in Lexington June 28. 1904. Son of Rupert Tarp 
ley and Annie Blanche (Armfield) Pickens. Attended Higb Point 
High School, 1017-1921: University of North Carolina. 1925, A.!'..: 
University of North Carolina Law School, 1925-1927. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber of High Point Bar Association. Member of Phi Beta Kappa 
National Scholarship Fraternity: First Methodist Protestant 
Church. High Point: Member of Board of Steward-. 1930. .Married 
Miss Ida Catherine Munyan, June 16. 1928. Address: High Point. 
North Carolina. 



HORACE S. RAGAN 

Horace S. Ragan, Republican, Representative from Randolph 
County, was horn in Guilford County, November 12. 1^74. Son of 
Amos and Martha (English) Ragan. Attended preparatory schools 
in Guilford County and Randolph County. 1880-1886; Trinity Colleg . 
Farmer. Member of Board of County Commissioner-. Randolph 
County. 1924. to December 0. 19M4. Member of Friends' Church; 
Member of the Board of Trustees at the present time. Married Miss 
Lena Freeman. January 2, 1906. Address: Archdale. X. C. 



EDWIN ALBERT RASBERRY, SR. 

Edwin Albert Rasberry, Democrat. Representative from Greene 
County, was born in the same county December 19. 1SS5. Son of 
Jacob Robert and Sarah (Speight) Rasberry. Attended Greene 
County Schools and Whitsett Institute. Farmer. County Commis- 
sioner, 1914-1922. County Sheriff 1922-1930. County Cotton and 
Tobacco Commissioner. 1933-1934. Mason. Junior Order. Baptist. 
Married Miss KathFne Lee Cobb. December 31, 1913. Two children. 
Edwin A. Rasberry. Jr., eighteen years of age, and Mary Frances 
Rasberry, thirteen years of age. Address: Snow Hill. X. C. 



188 Biographical Sketch es 

.1. frank ray 

.1. Frank Kay, Democrat. Representative from Macon County, was 
born at Franklin, X. ('.. September 10. L893. Son of .1. Frank and 
Josephine (Fouts) Ray. Attended Franklin High School: Emerson 
Institute (one term of Summer School), Washington. I>. < '. : George- 
town and National University Law School. 1919-1922, LL.B. Degree. 
Lawyer. Member of North Carolina Stale Bar. .Mayor of Franklin. 
May, 1933. to November 6. 1!>:;4. In United States Army August 6, 
1917. to December 28, 1918. Mason: Junaluska Lodge No. 14.".. Meth- 
odist. .Married December 7. 1929. Address: Franklin. N. ('. 



ROBERT II. R< >USE 

Robert H. Rouse, Democrat. Representative from Lenoir County. 
was born in Kinston. October 15. 1894. Son of X. .1. and Mattie 
(Rountree) Rouse. Educated at Kinston Public Schools: Warren- 
ton High School: University of North Carolina, and University of 
Virginia. Lawyer. Member of North Carolina Bar Association and 
American Bar Association: Kappa Sigma Fraternity: A. E. !•'.. 1917- 
1919: First" Lieutenant; Last Lost Commander American Legion 
Kinston. Last President Kinston Rotary Club. .Member Stare Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee since 1928. Representative from Lenoir 
County in General Assembly of 1933. Disciple. Married Miss Lucille 
Dixon. April 14. 1920. Address: Kinston. X. C. 



THOMAS SAMPSON ROYSTER 

Thomas Sampson Royster, Democrat, Representative from Gran- 
ville County, was born at Oxford, November lb. 1905. Son of Gen- 
eral Beverly S. and Mamie (Hobgood) Royster. Attended Oxford 
Grammar School, 1912-1919; oxford High School. 1919-1923; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina Law School. 1927-1928; Wake Forest Law 
School. 1!)"_".). Lawyer. North Carolina and Granville County Bar 
Associations. Member of Kiwanis International : Kappa Sigma Fra- 
ternity. Baptist. Married .Miss Katherine Watkins. May 24. 1930. 
Address : ( (xford. X. C. 



Representatives 1 x '.* 

WILLIAM F. scum, i. 

William F. Scholl Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Scotland County, February 25, IS97. Son of 
Sebastian and Ellen (Garner) Scholl. Lawyer. .Member of Meck- 
lenburg County Bar Association and North Carolina Bar Association. 
County Attorney. Caldwell County. 1'.)2.'!. Secretary County Board 
Flections. Caldwell County, 1921-1923. Sergeant, U. S. A., 1918-1919. 
Member of American Legion; Former Post Commander Dysart Kin- 
dall Post, 1919 and 1920. Presbyterian; member of Myers Park Pres- 
byterian Church. Charlotte. Married Miss Rebekah McLean of Gas- 
tonia ; three children. Address: Charlotte. X. c. 



RICHARD FNXIS SENTELLE 

Richard Funis Sentelle, Democrat. Representative from Brunswick 
County, was born in Waynesville, .Inly 27. 1ST"). Son of Rev. R. A. 
and Rebecca Adeline Sentelle. Attended Bethel Academy: Clyde 
High School (Graduated in 1.s ( .t<>) ; A.P... Wake Forest College. 11)01. 
Lawyer. County School Superintendent. Ordained Minister of the 
Gospel. Farmer. Member of North Carolina Education Association; 
North Carolina State Bar Association: North Carolina Cotton Grow- 
ers' Association. Institute Conductor for State Department of Edu- 
cation for several years. Director Summer School. Chowan College. 
V.I17. Member House of Representatives from Wake County in the 
Session of 190.5. Member of faculty. State College Summer School in 
Raleigh, several years. President Brunswick County Fnil of N. C. 
Education Association for several years and serving now. Served as 
Director of Army V. M. C. A. work at Oteen. N. G. in 1919. Mason: 
Junior Warden: Councillor Jr. < >. I'. A. M. : Elk (not active) : Pyth- 
ian (not active); odd Fellows: Farmers' Union: Order of Eastern 
Star. Held highest offices in Odd Fellows' lodges and one or two dis- 
trict offices; Worthy Patron in Eastern Star. Taught three short-term 
public schools in Haywood County before entering college 1 . Princi- 
pal Wakefield School in Wake County from 1901 to 1905. City Super- 
intendent of Schools in Elizabeth City, 1005-1900; City Superin- 
tendent of Schools. Lumberton. N. ('.. 1906-1918; County Superin- 
tendent of Schools in Edgecombe County, 191S. and again from 1920- 
1926: County Superintendent of Schools in Brunswick County from 
1028 to present time. School furniture Salesman. 1!)26-1!)2N. I'.ap 



I'.mi Biographical Sketch] s 

tisl Church; held offices of Deacon. Clerk, and Treasurer. Ordained 
as a Minister of the Gospel in Lumberton First Baptisl Church in 
1907. Licensed to preach by Elizabeth City First Baptisl Church in 
1906. Served as Moderator of Roanoke Baptist Association in 1925. 
Superintendent of Southport Baptist Sunday School at present time. 
Married Annie .lane Terrell, of Canton. N. C, August 22, 1897. 
Address: Southport, N. C. 



william Mcdowell sherard 

William McDowell Sherard. Democrat. Representative from Hen- 
derson County, was born in Moffattsville, S. C, August 7. 1869. Son 
of David Joseph and Margaret (Woodside) Sherard. Attended 
Moffattsville Academy. 1S7G. Realtor and Dealer in Stocks and 
Bonds. Member Nforth Carolina Real Estate Board. President 
Chamber of Commerce, Hendersonville, 1927-2S. Mayor of Hender- 
sonville, 1929-32. City Commissioner, 1933-1934. Kedrou Lodge No. 
387, A. F. M., Hendersonville. Hendersonville Chapter No. 86, Royal 
Arch Masons: Greenville Commandery No. 4. Knights Templar. 
Greenville; Hejaz Temple. A. A. ( ). X. M. S., Greenville. Thirty- 
second Degree Shriner (Scottish Ritei. Served through each office 
in Masonry (eight years Worshipful Master i. President Southern 
Textile Association, 1915-1916. President first Southern Textile Ex- 
position held in the South at Greenville. S. C. October 15th to 22nd. 
191.">. Director and Chairman of Finance Committee. State Trust Co.. 
Hendersonville. Member of First Baptist Church. Hendersonville. 
Married Miss Grace Greenwood Cochran. October •_"_ , nd. isp-j. Ad- 
dress: Hendersonville, N. C. 



FRED ( ». SINK 

Fred O. Sink. Democrat, Representative from Davidson County. 
was born in same county August 10. 1875. Son of Robert < >. and 
Minnie ( Mover t Sink. Attended public schools. Newspaper pub- 
lisher. North Carolina Press Association. Member Kiwanis Club of 
Lexington. Chairman City School Commissioners, 1922-1926; Mayor 
of the City of Lexington, 1926-1930. Thirty-second Degree Mason. 
Member Lexington Lodge No. 473: Member Knights of Pythias: Na- 
tional Representative. Junior Order United American Mechanics and 
Recording Secretary of Lexington Council No. 21; State Secretary. 



Representatives 191 

Patriotic Order Sons of America. Member of Methodisl Episcopal 
Church of Lexington; Board of Stewards and Trustees. Married 
Miss Mary Wilson Cecil. August 13, 1900. 



S. GILMER SPARGER 

S. Gilmer Sparger, Democrat, Representative from Stokes County. 
was born in Mount Airy. December 15, 1904. Son of George \V. and 
Jessie (Gilmer i Sparger. Educated in Mount Airy Public School-. 
1911-1919; Jamestown High School. 1920-1923; Guilford College, L923- 
1925; Duke University. 1925-1928. Lawyer. .Mason. Member of 
Tan Kappa Alpha (Forensic Fraternity i. Senator from the Twenty- 
third Senatorial District in the General Assembly of I'.). - ::;. .Metho- 
dist. Married Miss Helen Fulton. November 26, 1930. Address: Dan- 
bury, X. C. 



HERSCHEL SPRINKLE 

Hersehel Sprinkle. Republican, Representative from Madison 
County, was born at Mars Hill, October 12. 1891. Son of Alfred I'. 
and Julia (Callahan) Sprinkle. Attended public schools: Mars Hill 
College: Wake Forest College. 1913-1914; Massey's Business College, 
Richmond, Va.. 1910. Wholesale Grocer. Alderman of Marshall. 
1919-1920; 1929-1932. Sixteen months in World War. Quartermaster 
Corps and Heavy Field Artillery: discharged as First Sergeant. 
Mason: Master French Broad Lodge No. 292. County Chairman 
5-10 Year Farm Program; Chairman Madison County Republican 
Executive Committee. 1930-1931; Chairman Red Cross two years: 
Chairman Madison County Farm Loan Committee. Master Masonic- 
Lodge. 1933. Marshall. X. C. Member House of Representatives. 
1933. Presbyterian. Married Miss Stella Shelton. March 2. L919. 
Address: Marshall. X. C. 



CHARLES WAYLAND SPRFILL 

Charles Wayland Spruill. Democrat, Representative from Bertie 
County, was born at Quitsna, April 0. 1889. Son of Charles \Va\ 
land and Annie E. (Tadlock) Spruill. Attended Oak Ridge insti- 
tute, 1904-1906; State College. L908-1909. Merchant, banner, and 



L92 Biographical Sketches 

Manufacturer. Member Bertie County Road Commission. 1920-11)21, 
1925-1930. Chairman Snake Bite Township; Trustee Republican 
High School, :iinl Lewiston-Woodville High School. President Lewis- 
ton Tel. Co.; Vice Presidenl Bank of Roxobel ; Director Harrington 
Manufacturing Co. Shriner and Junior Order. Member House of 
Representatives of 1933. Baptist. Married Miss Ruth Bazemore, 
November L'o, 1913. Address: Windsor. N. ('. 



HARRY STELL 

Harry Stell, Democrat. Representative from Washington County, 
was born in Chesterfield County. Virginia. February 8, 18S0. Sun of 
George W. and Frances (Norfleet) Stell. Attended Private Elemen- 
tary School. Norfolk. Virginia. Retired Ocean Marine Engineer. 
Member of Engineer's Beneficial Association. Norfolk. Virginia. Mayor 
of Town of Plymouth. Member of Board of Councilmen, Plymouth. 
Member of Washington County Democratic Executive Committee. 
Member Masonic Fraternity. Perseverance Lodge, Plymouth. X. ( '. : 
New Bern Consistory. No. •"». New Bern, N. C. ; Sudan Temple. A. A. 
O. O. Mystic Shrine, New Bern. Served as Master Perseverance 
Lodge. Plymouth. 1925 and 1926. Member Baptist Church. Plymouth. 
since 1901. Was Marine Engineer for nineteen years. Saw service 
on both inland wafers and on ocean traffic. Retired from that trade 
in 1919 and went into business in Plymouth. Retired from business 
several years ago on account of ill health. Since that time has given 
practically all his time to public matters in connection with the town 
and county where he now lives. lias made his home in Plymouth 
since 1901. Married Miss Jimmie Midgett. Plymouth, March 19, 
1902. Address : Plvmouth, N. C. 



LUKE L. STEVENS 

L. L. Stevens. Democrat, Representative from Camden County. 
was horn at Indiantown. November 5. 187S. Son of Benjamin W. 
and Nancy (Leary) Stevens. Attended Sandy Hook Public School: 
Shiloh High School Academy: Graduated Class 1901 "cum laude" 
University of North Carolina, Ph. P.. Degree. Superintendent Albe- 
marle Schools (Stanly County 1 . 1901-1902. Teacher Horner Mili- 
tary School, 1902-1904. Head English Department Staunton .Military 



Representatives L93 

Academy. 1905-1920. Superintendent Camden County. North Carolina, 
Public Schools. 1921-1931. Elected to N. C. General Assembly. 1933, 
from Camden County. Mason. Baptist. Author of Eleven "Blue 
and Gold'* Annuals of the Staunton Military Academy. Married Miss 
Vivian S. Bartlett, June G, 1920. Address: Indiantown, X. C. 



THOMAS CLARENCE STONE 

Thomas Clarence Stone. Democrat, Representative from Rocking- 
ham County, was born in Stoneville. January 19, 1899. Sou of Rob- 
ert Tyler and Mary (Hamlin) Stone. Attended Stoneville High 
School and graduated in 1914. Graduated at Davidson College in 
1919 with B.S. Degree. Secretary and Treasurer of Stoneville Gro- 
cery Company (Wholesale Grocers) and operator of own insurance 
agency. Formerly Town Commissioner and Mayor of Stoneville. 
Joined S. A. T. C. at Davidson College in October. 1918 ; Discharged 
1918: Supply Sergeant in K. O. T. C. at Davidson College. Member of 
Oasis Temple Shrine. Business Manager of "Davidsonian" while 
at Davidson. Past President of the Rockingham County Clubs of 
Young Democrats and has been a member of the Rockingham County 
Democratic Executive Committee. Presbyterian : Deacon. Married 
Miss Jane Kane, of Gate City, August 25. 1925. Address: Stone- 
ville. N. C. 



WILLIAM ADDISON SULLIVAN 

William Addison Sullivan. Democrat. Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Salisbury, January 6. 1899. Son of 
Hezekiah Holmes and Ada Lee (Lowry) Sullivan. Attended Ashe- 
ville High School. 1915-1917: Patton, 191S : University of North Caro- 
lina, 1919-1921: Wake Forest College, 1922. Lawyer. Member Bun- 
combe County and North Carolina Bar Associations. Police Court 
Judge, Asheville, 1923-1928. Representative in the General Assembly 
Of 1933. Methodist. Married Miss Leola Pearson. June 5. 1925. 
Address: Asheville. N. C. 



13 



194 T>io<;kaimii< ai. Skktciiks 

DEAN SWIFT 

Dean Swift, Democrat. Representative from Watauga County, was 
barn in Sherwood, October 22, 1893. Son of George and Jam' 
(McBride) Swift. Attended Appalachian Training School. 1914-1918; 
Student in Appalachian Stare Normal College. Teacher. Corporal 
in United States Army. September 27, 1917-July 1G. 1919. Mason; 
Grand Master, 1930-1931. Baptist; Clerk. Married Miss Crette 
Hagaman, September 13, 1921. Address: Sherwood, X. C. 



CHARLES WALLACE TATEM 

C. W. Tatem, Democrat, Representative from Tyrrell County, was 
born in Columbia. September 25, 1876. Son of Cammillas Etheridge 
and Ellen E. (McClees) Tatem. Attended Columbia Academy. 1885- 
1891: Trinity School. 1892-1893. Civil Engineer. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1927. 1929. 1931. and 1933. Married Miss 
Ella Gertrude Wynne. September 24. 1S96. Address: Columbia. 
N. C. 



JAMES ALVIN TAYLOR 

James Alvin Taylor, Democrat. Representative from Currituck, was 
born at Currituck, April 3. 189S. Son of Zion B. and Civility Virginia 
(Boswood) Taylor. Attended Poplar Branch High School and pri- 
vate schools. Register of Deeds from 1022-1932 (resigned on account 
of ill health) in Currituck. Students Army Training Corps. Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, three months. 1918. Mason : Junior Order 
United American Mechanics: Past Councillor. Methodist. Author 
of short poem. "Awake. Arise, All Ye Neutrals." which was set to 
music. Married Miss Ethel Louise Nelson. November 23. 1923. Ad- 
dress : Maple, N. C. 



FRANCIS EDGAR THOMAS 

Francis Edgar Thomas, Democrat. Representative from Anson 
County, was born at Diamond Hill. Anson County. December 25, 1871. 
Son of John William and Susan (Liles) Thomas. Attended Polkton 
High School; Wake Forest College, LL.B. 1902; University of North 



Representatives 195 

Carolina Law School. Lawyer. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1913, 1915, 1931, and 1933. Baptist. Married Mis- Lucy 
Josephine Hawkins. 1910. Address: Wadesboro. X. < '. 



FREDERICK SHEPHERD THOMAS 

Frederick Shepherd Thomas, Democrat, Representative from Har- 
nett County, was born in Duke, X. C. April 26, 1905. Sun of Edward 
Raglan and Ophelia (Langston) Thomas. Attended Trinity Park 
School; Durham High School, 1923-1924; Duke High School; Duke 
University. "ii!) : X. C. State College. '30; Druggist. Member of Phi 
Delta Theta Fraternity. Episcopalian; Member of St. Stephens 
Church, Erwin : Senior Warden. ]!t.'!4. Address: Erwin, X. < '. 



EMERSON McLEAN THOMPSON 

Emerson McLean Thompson. Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born in Bennettsville. S. C, November 8, 1899. Son of 
Samuel Oliver and Sara Elizabeth (Stuart) Thompson. Attended 
Trinity Park School. Durham, X. C, 1919-1920; Trinity College, Class 
1925, A. P.. High School Teacher. Member of North Carolina Edu- 
cation Association and Raleigh Classroom Teacher's Association. 
Member of Mason: Junior Order United American Mechanics: 
Lambda Chi Alpha (Social College Fraternity): lota Gamma Pi, 
Science Fraternity. Member of Methodist Episcopal Church. South: 
Sunday School Superintendent. 1929-1932; Board of Stewards, 1929- 
1934. Married Miss Grace Xeathery. August 15. 1927. Address: 
Garner. X. ('. 



PAUL HERMAN THOMPSON 

Paul Herman Thompson. Democrat. Representative from Robeson 
County, was horn in Fairmont. .May 14. 1904. Son of Ohas. I',. and 
Alice (Ivey) Thompson. Attended Fairmont High School. 1917-1921; 
University of North Carolina School of Pharmacy. Ph.G., 1923; Phar. 
D., 1924. Druggist and Farmer. Commissioner Town of Fairmont 
(Chairman Finance Committee]. 1930-1934. Sottish Rite Mason. 
.■'.I'd Degree. Baptist; Treasurer. 1932-1934. Married Mis< Magenta 
Lassiter. in 1929. Address: Fairmont. X. C. 



196 Biographical Sketches 

WM. II. THORNE 

Wm. II. Thorne, Democrat, Representative from Halifax County, 
was horn in Airlie, September 10. 18G7. Son of Win. H. and Martha 
Jane (Alston) Thorne. Attended John Graham High School. Warren 
County, N. ('. : Trinity College. Farmer. Member of State Senate. 
1905. Methodist; Superintendent of Sunday School forty years: 
Steward thirty years. Married Miss Elizabeth Thompson Alston. 
October 23, 1007. Address: Airlie. X. C. 



EDWARD T. TONISSEN 

Edward T. Tonissen. Democrat, Representative from Mecklen- 
burg County, was born in New York City, March 25, 1885. Son of 
John G. and Julia (Reiners) Tonissen. Attended Jersey City High 
School and Eagan's Business College. Hoboken, N. J. Sales Man- 
ager. Southern Division. Consolidated Cork Corporation. Brooklyn, 
N. Y. Boxing Commissioner. City of Charlotte. 1027. Member of 
Elks and Masons. Lutheran. Married Miss Elva Risk. November 
15, 1922. Address: 223 Colonial Ave.. Charlotte. X. C. 



GEORGE RANDOLPH UZZELL 

George Randolph Uzzell. Democrat. Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in Salisbury, November 23, 1003. Son of Harry M. 
and Geneva (Wright) Uzzell. Attended Salisbury graded schools. 
1910-101.".: Raleigh graded schools. 1015-1010: Salisbury High School. 
1919-1921; Davidson College. 1021-1023: passed State Bar Examina- 
tion, January 25. 1026. Lawyer. Knights of Pythias; Winona Coun- 
cil Xo. IS. Jr. O. U. A. M. : Pi Gamma Sigma. Wake Forest College. 
Chancellor Commander Salisbury-Rowan No. 100. Knights of Pythias. 
1927-1020: Financial Secretary Winona Council Xo. 18. Jr. O. U. A. 
M., 1920-1930; Woodmen of the World; Patriotic Order Sons of 
America: present District Deputy for the 9th District; President of 
the Patriotic Order Sons of America. North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion; Rowan County Bar Association. Member of House of Repre- 
sentatives of 1931. Teacher of Men's Bible Class for past three 
years: former Superintendent of Adult Department of Sunday 
School: Baptist: Deacon. 1020. Married on November 23, 1034. to 
Ruth Harrison, of Spencer. Address: Salisbury. X. C. 



Representatives L97 

JOSEPH NEWSOME VANN 

Joseph Xewsome Vann. Democrat, Representative from Hertford 
County, was born in Hertford County May 2G, 1884. Son of Albert 
C. and Annie Xewsome Vann. Aattended Winton School 189S-1899, 
and Wake Forest College 1901-1903. Merchant and Fanner. County 
Commissioner, 1920-1927; Chairman of Board four years: City Coun- 
cil, 1915-1916. Mason and Shriner. Presbyterian : Treasurer and 
Superintendent of Sunday School. Married Miss Agnes Wooten, Jan- 
uary 18. 1913. Representative in General Assembly of 193.".. Ad- 
dress : Ahoskie, N. C. 



THOMAS C. WADE 

Thomas C. Wade, Democrat. Representative from Carteret County. 
was born in Morehead City, July 18, 1875. Son of Samuel F. ami 
Sarah A. (Willis) Wade. Attended local High School. Realtor and 
Insurance Agent. Clerk Superior Court for twelve years, 1905-1917. 
Sheriff of Carteret County six years. 1922-192S. Cashier Bank of 
Beaufort. Cashier Rank of Morehead City. Mason. Married Miss 
Adelaide Willis. Address Morehead City, N. C. 



D. L. WARD 

D. L. Ward, Democrat, Representative from Craven County. Was 
born in New Bern, June 23. 1903. Son of D. L. and Carrie Louise 
(Schollenberger) Ward. Attended New Bern Public School. Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. 1920-24. A.B. : Wake Forest Law School, 
1924-26. Lawyer; County Solicitor, 1925-30; State Board Conserva- 
tion and Development. 1930-34. Member of Elks, Junior Order. Epis- 
copalian. Married Leah Duval Jones, New Bern, N. C. December in. 
1932. Address: 95 East Front Street, New Bern. N. C. 



W. P. WARDEN 

W. P. Warden, Democrat. Representative from Alleghany County, 

was born in Stratford. N. C. in 1867. Son of William and I'ollie 
(McMillan i Warden. Attended Common Schools of Alleghany 
County and Academy of Sparta. Farmer. Address; Sparta. N. C. 



198 I Iiographk \i Sketches 

JOSEPH II. WARREN 

Joseph II. Warren, I >e :rat, Representative from Caswell County, 

was bora at Prospect Hill. April 1. 1907. Son of Frank R. and 
Eudora Ida (Satterfield) Warren. Educated a1 Aycock High School. 
Farmer. Notary Public. Justice of the Peace. Presbyterian. Ad- 
dress : Prospect Hill, X. C. 



FRANK WEBB WILLIAMS 

Frank Webb Williams, Democrat, Representative from Pasquotank 
County, was born in South Mills. X. < '.. April 19. 1S99. Son of 
Daniel E. and Mamie Elizabeth (Webb) Williams. Attended South 
Mills High School; Wake Forest College. 1916-1918; University of 
North Carolina. 1920-1922. Lumber Dealer and Farmer. Private 
S. A. T. C. State College, September to November, 1918. Member of 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Member of Ebenezer Baptist 
Church, South Mills. Married Miss Pauline Menzel, April 19, 1924. 
Address: Elizabeth City, X. < '. 



JOHN FERNANDO WHITE 

John Fernando White. Democrat, Representative from Chowan 
County, was born in Edenton, April 16, 1002. Son of Sidney John- 
son and Mary Christian (Goodwin) White. Attended Wake Forest 
College, 1922-1925; University Law School, 1025-1026. Lawyer. Judge 
Chowan County Court, 1928-1930; Delegate Democratic State Con- 
vention. Raleigh, 1930. Member 115th Ambulance Company of the 
4th Corps Area. Edenton. 1027-19L's. rank. Sergeant. Member i f 
Houses of Representatives of 10: J ,1. Baptist. Married Miss Carolyn 
Juanita Bunch, March 16, 1930. Address: Edenton. X. c. 



ORYILLE LINWOOD WILLIAMS 

Orville Linwood Williams, Democrat. Representative from Hyde 
County, was horn in Fairfield, October 1. 1889. Son of W. A. and 
Mary (Armstrong) Williams. Attended Elementary and High 
Schools of Hyde County; I. C. College: Wake Forest College and the 
University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Member of Stare and 



Representatives L99 

American Bar Associations and the North Carolina Stale Bar. Presi- 
dent The Bank of Uy<U\ 1922. Attorney for the Englehard Banking 
& Trust Company since Urjti. President The Knights of Hyde since 
1931. Clerk Superior Court of Hyde County. 1918-1926. Attorney 
for Hyde County, 1927-1929. Member of Legal Advisory Board dur- 
ing World War. Independent Order of Odd Fellows: Thirty second 
Degree .Mason. Noble Grand. Bayview Lodge No. '.!:'>•".. I. < >. < ». I".: 
Master Atlantic Lodge No. 294, A. F. and A. M.. Swan Quarter. 
Licensed to practice law by North Carolina Supreme Court of Ap- 
peals; and the Supreme Court of the United States. Chairman of 
Hyde County Democratic Executive Committee. Member of Chris- 
tian Church: Teacher Bible Class since 1922; President Hyde County 
Sunday School Association. 1925-1929. Married to Miss Carrie Mac- 
Neill of Scotland County. December 23, 1915; to this union a son and 
daughter were born. Mrs. Williams died March 29, 1'.f_'-!. Married 
Miss Janie MacNeill, sister of first wife. June 18, 1924. Address: 
Swan Quarter, N. C. 



R. V. WILSON 

R. V. Wilson, Democrat. Representative from McDowell County, 
was born in Burke County. August 27. 1883. Son of .lames F. ami 
Harriet L. (Kincaid) Wilson. Attended Rutherford College. 1904. 
Farmer. Member of McDowell County Highway Commission. 1928 
1931. Mystic Lie Lodge No. 237, A. F. and A. M.. Marion. N. C. 
Oasis Temple. Charlotte. N. C. Methodist Episcopal Church. South. 
Married Miss Pearl Peck. October 14. 1915. Address: Nebo, N. C. 



PRESTON WOODALL 

Preston Woodall, Democrat. Representative from Johnston County. 
was born in that county. May 4. 1S74. Son of William Ransom and 
.Mary (Creech) Woodall. Attended Public Schools of Johnston 
County and Turlington Institute. Sinithlield. Merchant and Farmer. 
Formerly Vice President Commercial National Bank and President 
Citizens Bank & Trust Co. id' Benson; Member Town Board; County 
Welfare Board since organization. Member of Kiwanis Club. Pres- 
byterian: Elder since 1916. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1931 and lit:;:;. Married Miss Emma C. Woodall. April. 198S. 
Address : Benson. N. ( '. 



200 Biographical Ski k hes 

CHARLES ROBBINS ZICKLEE 

Charles Bobbins Zickler, Democrat, Representative from Alexander 
County. s<ui of Edward and Loreta (Robbins) Zickler. Born in 
Galveston, Texas, March 17. L878. Attended Public Schools of Gal- 
veston and Southern Dental College, Atlanta. 1901. Dentisl and 
I 'mil Grower. Mason. Methodist. Married Miss Nell Parrott. Au- 
gust L8, 1903. Address: Taylorsville, N. C.