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MANUAL 






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UNIVERSITY OF N.C. AT CHAPEL HILL 



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NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1947 




Issued by 
Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 
Raleigh 



1947 



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TO THE 

1947 MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 

TO THE 

STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND TOWN OFFICIALS 

AND TO THE 

PEOPLE OF THE OLD NORTH STATE 
AT HOME AND ABROAD 

THIS MANUAL IS RESPECTFULLY 
DEDICATED 




Secretary of State. 



NO 

— 
o 



PRESSES OF 

THE ORANGE PRINTSHOP 
CHAPEL HILL, N. C. 

1947 






CONTENTS 

PART I 
HISTORICAL 

Page 

The State 11 

The State Capitol 15 

Chief Executives of North Carolina 

Governors of Virginia 17 

Executives under the Proprietors 17 

Governors under the Crown 18 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 18 

Governors Elected by the People 20 

The State Flag 23 

The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence 24 

The Great Seal of North Carolina 26 

The State Bird 28 

The Halifax Resolution 30 

Name of State and Nicknames 31 

The State Motto 31 

The State Colors 32 

The State Flower 32 

The State's Most Famous Toast 32 

Legal Holidays in North Carolina 32 

Population of the State since 1675 33 

State Song 34 

The Constitution of North Carolina 35 

The American's Creed 71 

The American Flag 

Origin 71 

Proper Display 74 

Pledge to the Flag 78 

The National Capitol 80 

Declaration of Independence 83 

Constitution of the United States : 88 



PART II 

CENSUS 

Sixteenth Census, 1940 

Population of State Ill 

Population of Counties 112 

Population of Cities and Towns 113 

[5] 



6 North Carolina Manual 

PART lil 

POLITICAL 

Page 

Congressional Districts , 121 

Judicial Districts 121 

Senatorial Districts and Apportionment of Senators 122 

Apportionment of Members of the House of Representatives 125 

State Democratic Platform 126 

Plan of Organization of the State Democratic Party 133 

Committees of the Democratic Party 

State Democratic Executive Committee 148 

Congressional District Executive Committees 152 

Judicial District Executive Committees 154 

Senatorial Executive Committees 157 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 160 

State Republican Platform 162 

Plan of Organization of the State Republican Party 169 

Committees of the Republican Party 

State Republican Executive Committee 174 

Congressional, Judicial and Senatorial District Committees 178 
Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 178 

PART IV 

ELECTION RETURNS 

Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States, 1944 183 

Popular Vote for President by States, 1928-1940 184 

Vote for President by Counties, 1924-1944 186 

Vote for Governor by Counties, Primaries, 1940-1944 189 

Vote for Governor by Counties, General Election, 1924-1944 192 
Vote for State Officials, Democratic Primaries, 1936, 

1938, and 1940 195 

Vote for State Officials by Counties, Primary, 1944 197 

Total Votes Cast— General Election, 1944 200 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primary, May 27, 1944 201 
Vote for Congressmen in Republican Primary, May 27, 1944 202 
Vote in Special Elections for Unexpired Terms: 

LOth Congressional District, January 22, 1946 203 

8th Congressional District, May 25*, 1946 204 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primary, May 25, 1946 205 
Vote for Congressmen in Second Democratic Primary, 

June 22. 1946 211 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1932-1946 212 

Vote for United States Senator, Primary, May 27, 1944 . 225 

Vote for United States Senator, General Election, 

November 7, 1944 227 

Vote on Constitutional Amendments by Counties, 1946 231 

Vote on Prohibition, 1881, 1908, 1933 233 



Contents 7 

PART V 
GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

Page 

Agencies, Boards and Commissions 237 

North Carolina Institutions 
Correctional 

White 257 

Negro 257 

Educational 

White 258 

Negro 265 

Hospitals 

White 269 

Negro 271 

Confederate Woman's Home 271 

PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 

The General Assembly 

Senate 

Officers 283 

Senators (Arranged Alphabetically) 283 

Senators (Arranged by Districts) 284 

Rules 285 

Standing Committees 30C 

Seat Assignments 30£ 

House of Representatives 

Officers 310 

Members (Arranged Alphabetically) 310 

Members (Arranged by Counties) 312 

Rules 315 

Standing Committees 331 

Seat Assignments 343 

PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Executive Officials 347 

Administrative Officials 355 

United States Senators 373 

Representatives in Congress 376 

Justices of the Supreme Court 385 

Members of the General Assembly 

Senators 

Repi*esentatives 422 

Occupational and Professional Classification 484 



8 North Carolina Manual 

PART VIII 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 

Page 
United States Government 

President and Vice-President 491 

Cabinet Members 491 

North Carolina Senators and Representatives in Congress 491 

United States Supreme Court Justices 491 

United States District Court 

Judges 491 

Clerks 492 

Solicitors 492 

United States Circuit Court of Appeals 

Judge Fourth District 492 

State Government 

Legislative Department 493 

Executive Department 493 

Judicial Department 493 

Administrative Department 494 

State Institutions 495 

Heads of Agencies other than State ! 496 

County Government :.... 497 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

State Capitol 14 

State Flag 22 

State Seal 27 

State Bird :.... 29 

State Song (Words and Music) 34 

Map of North Carolina 70 

The American Flag 72 

Map Showing Congressional Districts 144, 145 

Map Showing Senatorial Districts T76, 177 

Map Showing Judicial Districts 208, 209 

Seating Diagram of Senate Chamber 308 

Seating Diagram of House of Representatives 342 

Pictures 

Governor 346 

State Officers 351 

Senators and Congressmen 375, 381 

Justices of the Supreme Court 386 

State Senators 393, 399, 407 

Members House of Representatives 423, 430, 439 

447, 455, 463, 471 



PART I 
HISTORICAL 



THE STATE 

North Carolina, often called the "Tar Heel" state, was the 
scene of the first attempt at colonization in America by English- 
speaking people. Under a charter granted to Sir Walter Raleigh 
by Queen Elizabeth, a colony was begun on Roanoke Island. This 
settlement however, was unsuccessful and later became known as 
"The Lost Colony." 

The first permanent settlement was made about 1650 by im- 
migrants from Virginia. In 1663 Charles II granted to eight Lords 
Proprietors a charter for the territory lying "within six and thirty 
degrees northern latitude, and to the west as far as the South seas, 
and so southerly as far as the river St. Matthias, which bordereth 
upon the coast of Florida, and within one and thirty degrees of 
northern latitude, and so west in a direct line as far as the South 
seas aforesaid, . . ." and the colony was called Carolina. In 1665 
another charter was granted to these noblemen. This charter ex- 
tended the limits of Carolina so that the northern line was 36 de- 
grees and 30 minutes north latitude, and the southern line was 29 
degrees north latitude, and both of these lines extended westward 
to the South seas. 

In 1669 John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions as a 
model for the government of Carolina. The Lords Proprietors 
adopted these constitutions and directed the governor to put into 
operation as much of them as was feasible. In 1670 there were 
four precincts (changed to counties in 1739) : Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans, Chowan, and Currituck. North Carolina now has one 
hundred counties. 

Carolina was on Dec. 7, 1710, divided into North Carolina and 
South Carolina, and Edward Hyde, on May 12, 1712, became the 
first governor of North Carolina. 

In 1729 seven of the eight Lords Proprietors sold their interest 
in Carolina to the Crown and North Carolina became a royal 
colony. George Burrington was the first royal governor. Richard 
Everard, the last proprietary governor, served until Burrington 
was appointed. 

North Carolina, on April 12, 1776, authorized her delegates in 
the Continental Congress to vote for independence, and on Decem- 
ber 18, 1776, adopted a constitution. Richard Caswell became the 

[ 11 ] 



12 North Carolina Manual 

first governor under this constitution. On November 21, 1789, the 
state adopted the United States Constitution, being- the twelfth 
state to enter the federal union. North Carolina, in 1788, had re- 
jected the Constitution on the grounds that certain amendments 
were vital and necessary to a free people. 

A constitutional convention was held in 1835 and among several 
changes made in the Constitution was the method of electing the 
governor. After this change the governor was elected by the people 
for a term of two years instead of being elected by the legislature 
for a term of one year. Edward Bishop Dudley was the first gover- 
nor elected by the people. 

North Carolina seceded from the Union May 20, 1861, and was 
admitted to the Union in July, 1868. 

A new state constitution was adopted in 1868 and since that date 
the governor has been elected by the people for four-year terms 
and he cannot succeed himself. There has not been a new constitu- 
tion sine 1868, but numerous amendments have been added to it. 

North Carolina has been democratic since 1900, during which 
period it has made its greatest progress. 

North Carolina has had two permanent capitals — New Bern 
and Raleigh — and there have been three capitol buildings. Tryon's 
Palace in New Bern was constructed in the period, 1767-70, and the 
main building was destroyed by fire February 27, 1798. The first 
capitol in Raleigh was completed in 1794 and was destroyed by fire 
on June 21, 1831. The present capitol was completed in 1840. 

The state ceded her western lands which was composed of Wash- 
ington, Davidson, Hawkins, Greene, Sullivan, Sumner, and Tennes- 
see counties, to the federal government in 1790 and in 1796 Tennes- 
see entered the Union as a state. 

North Carolina supports a nine months school for every child 
of school age and maintains a fleet of 4,800 buses by which it trans- 
ports 348,000 children to school each school day in the year. During 
a nine months term these 4,800 buses travel approximately 31,- 
000,000 miles. 

The state also maintains 58,500 miles of roads of which approxi- 
mately 48,000 miles are county roads and 10,500 miles are state 



The State 13 

roads. These roads are maintained from gasoline tax, drivers' 
licenses and licenses for automobiles, trucks, and busses. 

North Carolina extends from the sea coast to the mountains, 
having the highest peak (Mount Mitchell — 6,684 feet) east of the 
Mississippi. It has extensive agricultural and industrial develop- 
ments. Some of the agricultural products are corn, cotton, tobacco, 
wheat, barley, oats, peanuts, soya beans, various types of hay, po- 
tatoes, garden truck, dairy products, beef, pork, poultry and fruits. 
Some of the industrial products are furniture, cloth, hosiery, cot- 
ton yarns, tobacco, canned fruits and vegetables, ceremic products, 
and lumber. There is some mining such as coal, gold, copper, talc, 
mica, and many other products. 

During the war the state had many camps wherein the service 
men received their training for active combat duty. North Caro- 
lina is proud of having had the opportunities to serve the nation 
in providing these training camps and it is also justly proud of 
the more than 300,000 men and women who served the nation in 
World War II. 



THE STATE CAPITOL 

The original State Capitol of North Carolina was destroyed by 
fire on June 21, 1831. 

At the session of November, 1832, the Assembly resolved to re- 
build on the old site, and $50,000 was appropriated for the purpose. 
Commissioners were appointed to have the work done. The rubbish 
was cleared away, the excavations made and the foundations were 
laid. On July 4, 1833, the cornerstone as set in place. 

After the foundations were laid the work progressed more slow- 
ly, and it was so expensive that the appropriation was exhausted. 
The Legislature at its next session appropriated $75,000 more. To 
do the stone and finer work many skilled artisans had been brought 
from Scotland and other countries. The Building Commissioners 
contracted with David Paton to come to Raleigh and superintend 
the work. Mr. Paton was an architect who had come from Scotland 
the year before. He was the builder, the architect, the designer. 

The Legislature was compelled to make appropriations for the 
work from time to time. The following is a table of the several 
appropriations made: 

Session of 1832-33 $ 50,000.00 

Session of 1833-34 75,000.00 

Session of 1834-35 75,000.00 

Session of 1835 75,000.00 

Session of 1836-37 120,000.00 

Session of 1838-39 105,300.00 

Session of 1840-41 31,374.46 

Total $531,674.46 

The stone with which the building was erected was the property 
of the State. Had the State been compelled to purchase this ma- 
terial the cost of the Capitol would have been considerably in- 
creased. 

In the summer of 1840 the work was finished. At last, after 
more than seven years, the sum of $531,674.46 was expended. As 

[ 15 ] 



16 North Carolina Manual 

large as that sum was for the time, when the State was so poor 
and when the entire taxes for all State purposes reached less than 
$100,000, yet the people were satisfied. The building had been 
erecter with rigorous economy, and it was an object of great pride 
to the people. Indeed, never was money better expended than in 
the erection of this noble Capitol. 



Description of the Capitol, Written by David Paton, 

the Architect 

"The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south by 
140 feet from east to west. The whole height is 97 Vi feet in the 
center. The apex of pediment is 64 feet in height. The stylobate 
is IS feet in height. The columns of the east and west porticoes 
are 5 feet 2^ inches in diameter. An entablature, including block- 
ing course, is continued around the building, 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied 
from the Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, 
which was erected in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An 
octagon tower surrounds the rotunda, which is ornamented with 
"Grecian cornices, etc., and its dome is decorated at top with a 
similar ornament to that of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, 
commonly called the Lanthorn of Demosthenes. 

"The interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories: Fix si, 
the lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appro- 
priated as offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Comp- 
troller, each having two rooms of the same size — the one containing 
an area of 649 square feet, the other 528 square feet — the two com- 
mittee rooms, each containing 200 square feet, and four closets: 
also the rotunda, corridors, vestibules, and piazzas, contain an 
area of 4,370 square feet. The vestibules are decorated with co" 1 . 
umns and antse, similar to those of the Ionic Temple on the IlissuN, 
near the Acropolis of Athens. The remainder is groined with 
stone and brick, springing from columns and pilasters of the 
Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' 
chambers, the former containing an area of 2,545 and the latter 



The State Capitol 17 

2,849 square feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, 
two of which contain each an area of 169 square feet, and the other 
two contain each an area of 154 square feet; also, two rooms enter 
from Representatives' chamber, each containing an area of 170 
square feet; of two committee rooms, each containing an area of 
231 feet; of four presses and the passages, stairs, lobbies, and 
colonnades, containing an area of 3,204 square feet. 

"The lobbies and Hall of Representatives have their columns and 
ante of the Octagon Tower of Andronicus Cyrrhestes and the plan 
of the hall is of the formation of the Greek theatre and the columns 
and ante in the Senatorial chamber and rotunda are of the Temple 
of Erectheus, Minerva Polias, and Pandrosus, in the Acropolis of 
Athens, near the above named Parthenon. 

"Third, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the 
Supreme Court and Library, each containing an area of 693 square 
feet. Galleries of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet; 
also two apartments entering from Senate gallery, each 169 square 
feet, of four presses and the lobbies' stairs, 988 square feet. These 
lobbies as well as rotunda, are lit with cupolas, and it is proposed 
to finish the court and library in the florid Gothic style." 



CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Governors of "Virginia" 

Ralph Lane, April , 1585-June , 1586. 

John White, April , 1587-August , 1587. 



Chief Executives Under the Proprietors 

William Drummond, October , 1663-Octoter , 1667. 

Samuel Stephens, October , 1667-December , 1669. 

Peter Carteret, October , 1670-May , 1673. 

John Jenkins, May , 1673-November , 1676. 

Thomas Eastchurch, November , 1676- , 1678. 

Thomas Miller, , 1677...... 

John Culpepper, , 1677- , 1678. 

Seth Sothel, , 1678- 



18 North Carolina Manual 

John Harvey, February , 1679- August , 1679. 

John Jenkins, November , 1679- , 1681. 

Seth Sothel, , 1682- , 1689. 

Philip Ludwell, December , 1689- , 1691. 

Philip Ludwell, November 2, 1691- , 1694. 

Thomas Jarvis, , 1691- , 1694. 

John Archdale, August 31, 1694- - , 1696. 

John Harvey, , 1694- _ , 1699. 

Henderson Walker, , 1699-August 14, 1704. 

Robert Daniel, , 1704- , 1705. 

Thomas Cary, , 1705- , 1706. 

William Glover, , 1706- , 1708. 

Thomas Cary, , 1708-January , 1711. 

Edward Hyde, , 1710-May 9, 1712. 

Edward Hyde, May 9, 1712-Septemter 8, 1712. 
Thomas Pollock, September 12, 1712-May 28, 1714. 
Charles Eden, May 28, 1714-March 26, 1722. 
Thomas Pollock, March 30, 1722-August 30, 1722. 
William Reed, August 30, 1722-January 15, 1724. 
George Burrington, January 15, 1724-July 17, 1725. 
Richard Everard, July 17, 1725-May , 1728. 

Governors Under the Crown 

Richard Everard, May , 1728-February 25, 1731. 

George Burrington, February 25, 1731-April 15, 1734. 
Nathaniel Rice, April 15, 1734-October 27, 1734. 
Gabriel Johnston, October 27, 1734-July 17, 1752. 
Matthew Rowan, July 17, 1752-November 2, 1754. 
Arthur Dobbs, November 2, 1754-March 28, 1765'. 
William Tryon, March 28, 1765-December 20, 1765. 
William Tryon, December 20, 1765-July 1, 1771. 
James Hasell, July 1, 1771-August 12, 1771. 
Josiah Martin, August 12, 1771-May , 1775. 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 

Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 19, 1776-April 18, 1777. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1777-April 18, 1778. 



Governors 19 

Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1778-May 4, 1779. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, May 4, 1779-April, 1780. 
Abner Nash, Craven, April, 1780-June 26, 1781. 
Thomas Burke, Orange, June 26, 1781-April 26, 1782. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 26, 1782-April 30, 1783. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 30, 1783-April 1, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 1, 1785-December 12, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 12, 1785-December 23, 1786. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 23, 1786-December 20, 1787. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, December 20, 1787-November 18, 1788. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 18, 1788-November 16, 1789. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 16, 1789-December 17, 1789. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 17, 1789-December 9, 1790. 
Alexander, Martin, Guilford, December 9, 1790-January 2, 1792. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, January 2, 1792-December 14, 1792. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 14, 1792-December 26, 1793. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 26, 1793-January 6, 1795. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, January 6, 1795-November 19, 1795. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, November 19, 1795-December 19, 1796. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 19, 1796-December 5, 1797. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 5, 1797-December 7, 1798. 
W. R. Davie, Halifax, December 7, 1798-November 23, 1799. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 23, 1799-November 29, 1800. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 29, 1800-November 28, 1801. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 28, 1801-December 6, 1802. 
James Turner, Warren, December 6, 1802-December 1, 1803. 
James Turner, Warren, December 1, 1803-November 29, 1804. 
James Turner, Warren, November 29, 1804-December 10, 1805. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 10, 1805-December 1, 

1806. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 1, 1806-December 1, 

1807. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, December 1, 1807-December 12, 1808. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 12, 1808-December 13, 1809. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 13, 1809-December 5, 1810. 
Benjamin Smith, Brunswick, December 5, 1810-December 9, 1811. 
William Hawkins, Warren, December 9, 1811-November 25, 1812. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 25, 1812-November 20, 1813. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 20, 1813-November 29, 1814. 



20 North Carolina Manual 

William Miller, Warren, November 29, 1814-December 7, 1815. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1815-December 7, 181G. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1816-December 3, 1817. 
John Branch, Halifax, December 3, 1817-Novemter 24, 1818. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 24, 1818-November 25, 1819. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 25, 1819-December 7, 1820. 
Jesse Franklin, Surry, December 7, 1820-December 7, 1821. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1821-December 7, 1822. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1822-December 6, 1823. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 6, 1823-December 7, 1824. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 7, 1824-December 6, 1825. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 6, 1825-December 29, 1826. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 29, 1826-December 8, 1827. 
James Iredell, Chowan, December 8, 1827-December 12, 1828. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 12, 1828-December 10, 1829. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 10, 1829-December 18, 1830. 
Montfort Stokes, Wilkes, December 18, 1830-December 13, 1831. 
Montfort Stokes, Wilkes, December 13, 1831-December 6, 1832. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 6, 1832-Decemfcer 9, 1833. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 9, 1833-December 10, 1834. 

D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 10, 1834-December 10, 1835. 
R. D. Spaight, Jr., Craven, December 10, 1835-December 31, 1836. 

Governors Elected by the People 

E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 31, 1836-Decemher 29, 1838. 
E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 29, 1838-January 1, 1841. 
J. M. Morehead, Guilford, January 1, 1841-December 31, 1842. 
J. M. Morehead, Guilford, December 31, 1842-January 1, 1845. 
W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1845-January 1, 1847. 

W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1847-January 1, 1849. 
Charles Manly, Wake, January 1, 1849-January 1, 1851. 
D. S. Reid, Rockingham, January 1, 1851-December 22, 1852. 
D. S. Reid, Rockingham, December 22, 1852-December 6, 1854. 
Warren Winslow, Cumberland, December 6, 1854-January 1, 1855. 
Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1855-January 1, 1857. 
Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1857-January 1, 1859. 
John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1859-January 1, 1861. 
John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1861-July 7, 1861. 



Governors 21 

Henry T. Clark, Edgecombe, July 7, 1861-September 8, 1862. 
Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, September 8, 1862-December 22, 1864. 
Z. B. Vance, Buncombe. December 22, 1864-May 29, 1865. 
W. W. Holden, Wake, May 29, 1865-December 15, 1865. 
Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 15, 1865-December 22, 1866. 
Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 22, 1866-July 1, 1868. 
W. W. Holden, Wake, July 1, 1868-December 15, 1870. 
T. R. Caldwell, Burke, December 15, 1870-January 1, 1873. 
T. R. Caldwell, Burke, January 1, 1873-July 11, 1874. 

C. H. Brogden, Wayne, July 11, 1874-January 1, 1877. 

Z. B. Vance, Mecklenburg, January 1, 1877-February 5, 1879. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, February 5, 1879-January 18, 1881. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, January 18, 1881-January 21, 1885. 

A. M. Scales, Rockingham, January 21, 1885-January 17, 1889. 

D. G. Fowle, Wake, January 17, 1889-April 8, 1891. 
Thomas M. Holt, Alamance, April 8, 1891-January 18, 1893. 
Elias Carr, Edgecombe, January 18, 1893-January 12, 1897. 

C. B. Aycock, Wayne, January 15, 1901-January 11, 1905 

D. L. Russell, Brunswick, January 12, 1897-January 15, 1901. 
R. B. Glenn, Forsyth, January 11, 1905-January 12, 1909. 

W. W. Kitchin, Person, January 12, 1909-January 15, 1913. 
Locke Craige, Buncombe, January 15, 1913-January 11, 1917. 
Thomas W. Bickett, Franklin, January 11, 1917-January 12, 1921. 
Cameron Morrison, Mecklenburg, January 12, 1921-January 14, 

1925. 
Angus Wilton McLean, Robeson, January 14, 1925-January 11, 

1929. 
0. Max Gardner, Cleveland, January 11, 1929-January 5, 1933. 
J. C. B. Ehringhaus, Pasquotank, January 5, 1933-January 7, 1937. 
Clyde R. Hoey, Cleveland, January 7, 1937-January 9, 1941. 
J. Melville Broughton, Wake, January 9, 1941-January 4, 1945. 
R. Gregg Cherry, Gaston, January 4, 1945- 



THE STATE FLAG 
An Act to Establish a State Flag 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a blue 
union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the letter 
N in gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of said 
star, the circle containing the same to be one-third the width of the 
union. 

Sec. 2. That the fly of the flag shall consist of two equally pro- 
portioned bars; the upper bar to be red, the lower bar to be white; 
that the length of the bars horizontally shall be equal to the per- 
pendicular length of the union, and the total length of the flag 
shall be one-third more than its width. 

Sec. 3. That above the star in the center of the union there 
shall be a gilt scroll in semicircular form, containing in black let- 
ters this inscription: "May 20th, 1775," and that below the star 
there shall be a similar scroll containing in black letters the in- 
scription: "April 12th, 1776." 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 9th 
day of March, A.D. 1885. 

No change has been made in the flag since the passage of this 
act. By an act of 1907 it is provided: 

"That the board of trustees or managers of the several State in- 
stitutions and public buildings shall provide a North Carolina flag, 
of such dimensions and material as they may deem best, and the 
same shall be displayed from a staff upon the top of each and 
every such building at all times except during inclement weather, 
and upon the death of any State officer or any prominent citizen 
the Flag shall be put at half-mast until the burial of such person 
shall have taken place. 

"That the Board of County Commissioners of the several coun- 
ties in this State shall likewise authorize the procuring of a North 
Carolina flag, to be displayed either on a staff upon the top, or 
draped behind the Judge's stand, in each and every courthouse in 
the State, and that the State flag shall be displayed at each and 
every term of court held, and on such other public occasions 
as the Commissioners may deem proper." (Rev., s. 5321; 1885, c. 
291; 1907, c. 838.) 

[ 23 ] 



THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION OF 

20th MAY, 1775* 

Declaration 

Names of the Delegates Present 

Col. Thomas Polk John McKnitt Alexander 

Ephraim Brevard Hezekiah Alexander 

Hezekiah J. Balch Adam Alexander 

John Phifer Charles Alexander 

James Harris Zacheus Wilson, Sen. 

William Kennon Waightstill Avery 

John Ford Benjamin Patton 

Richard Barry Mathew McClure 

Henry Downs Neil Morrison 

Ezra Alexander Robert Irwin 

William Graham John Flenniken 

John Quary David Reese 

Abraham Alexander Richard Harris, Sen. 

Abraham Alexander was appointed Chairman, and John McKnitt 
Alexander, Clerk. The following resolutions were offered, viz. : 

1. Resolved, That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted or in 
any way form or manner countenanced the unchartered and dan- 
gerous invasion of our rights as claimed by Great Britain is an 
enemy to this country, to America, and to the inherent and in- 
alienable rights of man. 

2. Resolved, That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do 
hereby dissolve the political bands which have connected us to the 
mother country and hereby absolve ourselves from all allegiance to 
the British Crown and abjure all political connection contract or 
association with that nation who have wantonly trampled on our 
rights and liberties and inhumanly shed the blood of American 
patriots at Lexington. 

3. Resolved, That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and inde- 
pendent people, are, and of right ought to be a sovereign and self- 



* The above is found in Vol. IX, pages 1263-65 of The Colonial Records of North 
Carolina. 

[ 24 ] 



Mecklenburg Declaration 2o 

governing association under the control of no power other than that 
of our God and the General Government of the Congress to the 
maintenance of which, independence we solemnly pledge to each 
other our mutual cooperation, our lives, our fortunes, and out- 
most sacred honor. 

4. Resolved, That as we now acknowledge the existence and con- 
trol of no law or legal officer, civil or military within this County, 
we do hereby ordain and adopt as a rule of life all each and every 
of our former laws — wherein nevertheless the Crown of Great 
Britain never can be considered as holding rights, priveleges, im- 
munities, or authority therein. 

5. Resolved, That it is further decreed that all, each and every 
Military Officer in this Country is hereby reinstated in his former 
command and authority, he acting conformably to these regulations. 
And that every member present of this delegation shall henceforth 
be a civil officer, viz., a justice of the peace, in the character of a 
"committee man" to issue process, hear and determine all matters 
of controversy according to said adopted laws and to preserve 
peace, union and harmony in said county, and to use every exertion 
to spread the love of Country and fire of freedom throughout 
America, until a more general and organized government be es- 
tablished in this Province. 



THE GREAT SEAL 

The Constitution of North Carolina, Article III, section 16, re- 
quires that 

"There shall be a seal of the State which shall be kept by the 
Governor, and used by him as occasion may require, and ^hall be 
called 'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina.' All grants 
and commissions shall be issued in the name and by the authority of 
the State of North Carolina, sealed with 'The Great Seal of the 
State,' signed by the Governor and countersigned by the Secretary 
of State." 

The use of a Great Seal for the attestation of important docu- 
ments began with the institution of government in North Carolina. 
There have been at various times nine different seals in use in the 
colony and State. 

The present Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is de- 
scribed as follows: 

''The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is two and one- 
quarter inches in diameter, and its design is a representation of the 
figures of Liberty and Plenty, looking toward each other, but not 
more than half fronting each other, and otherwise disposed as 
follows: Liberty, the first figure, standing, her pole with cap on it 
in her left hand and a scroll with the word 'Constitution' inscribed 
thereon in her right hand. Plenty, the second figure, sitting down, 
her right arm half extended toward Liberty, three heads of wheat 
in her right hand, and in her left the small end of her horn, the 
mouth of which is resting at her feet, and the contents of horn 
rolling out. In the exergon is inserted the words May 20, 1775, 
above the coat of arms. Around the circumference is the legend 
'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina' and the motto 
'Esse Quam Videri'." (Rev., s. 5339; Code, ss. 3328, 3329; 1868-9, 
c. 270, s. 35; 1883, c. 392; 1893, c. 145.) 



[ 26 ] 



THE HALIFAX RESOLUTION 

Adopted by the Provincial Congress of North Carolina in Session 
At Halifax, April 12, 1776 

It appears to your committee that pursuant to the plan concerted 
by the British Ministry for subjugating- America, the King and 
Parliament of Great Britain have usurped a power over the per- 
sons and properties of the people unlimited and uncontrolled; and 
disregarding their humble petitions for peace, liberty and safety, 
'nave made divers legislacive acts, denouncing war, famine, and 
every species of calamity, against the Continent in general. The 
British fleets and armies have been, and still are, daily employed 
in destroying the people, and committing the most horrid devasta- 
tions on the country. The Governors in different Colonies have 
declared protection to slaves who should imbrue their hands in the 
blood of their masters. That ships belonging to America are re- 
el a red prizes of war, and many of them have been violently seized 
and confiscated. In consequence of all of which multitudes of the 
people have been destroyed, or from easy circumstances reduced to 
the most lamentable distress. 

And Whereas, The moderation hitherto manifested by the 
United Colonies and their sincere desire to be reconciled to the 
mother countiy on constitutional principles, have procured no 
mitigation of the aforesaid wrongs and usurpations, and no hopes 
remain of obtaining redress by those means alone which have 
been hitherto tried, your committee are of opinion that the House 
should enter into the following resolve, to wit: 

Resolvi '/, That the delegates for this Colony in the Continental 
Congress be empowered to concur with the delegates of the other 
Colonies in declaring Independency, and forming foreign alliances, 
reserving to this Colony the sole and exclusive right of forming a 
Constitution and laws for this Colony, and of appointing delegates 
from time to time (under the direction of a general representation 
thereof), to meet the delegates of the other Colonies for such pur- 
poses as shall be hereafter pointed out. 

[ 30 ] 



NAME OF STATE AND NICKNAMES 

In 1629 King Charles the First of England "erected into a 
province," all the land from Albemarle Sound on the north to the 
St. John's River on the south, which he directed should be called 
Carolina. The word Carolina is from the word Carolus, the Latin 
form of Charles. 

When Carolina was divided in 1710, the southern part was called 
South Carolina and the northern or older settlement was called 
North Carolina, or the "Old North State." Historians had re- 
corded the fact that the principal products of this State were "tar, 
pitch and turpentine." It was during one of the fiercest battles 
of the War Between the States, so the story goes, that the column 
supporting the North Carolina troops was driven from the field. 
After the battle the North Carolinians, who had successfully 
fought it out alone, were greeted from the passing derelict regi- 
ment with the question: "Any more tar down in the Old North 
State, boys?" Quick as a flash came the answer: "No; not a bit; 
old Jeff's bought it all up." "Is that so; what is he going to do 
with it?" was asked. "He is going to put it on you'uns heels to 
make you stick better in the next fight." Creecy relates that Gen- 
eral Lee, hearing of the incident, said: "God bless the Tar Heel 
boys," and from that they took the name. — Adapted from Grand- 
father Tales of North Carolina by R. B. Creecy and Histories of 
North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, by Walter Clark. 

The State Motto 

The General Assembly of 1893 (chapter 145) adopted the words 
"Esse Quam Videri" as the State's motto and directed that these 
words with the date "20 May, 1775," should be placed with our 
Coat of Arms upon the Great Seal of the State. 

The words "Esse Quam Videri" mean "to be rather than to 
seem." Nearly every State has adopted a motto, generally in Latin. 
The reason for their mottoes being in Latin is that the Latin 
tongue is far more condensed and terse than the English. The three 
words, "Esse Quam Videri," require at least six English words to 
express the same idea. 

Curiosity has been aroused to learn the origin of our State 

[ 31 ] 



.".2 North Carolina Manual 

motto. It is found in Cicero in his essay on Friendship (Cicero de 
Amicitia, chap. 2f>). 

It is a little singular that until the act of 1893 the sovereign 
State of North Carolina had no motto since its declaration of in- 
dependence. It was one of the very few States which did not have 
a motto and the only one of the original thirteen without one. 
( Rev., s. 5320; 18!)::, c. 145; G. S. 145-2.) 

The State Colors 

The general Assembly of 1945 declared Red and Blue of shades 
appearing in the North Carolina State Flag and the American 
Flag as the official State Colors. (Session Laws, 1945, c. 878; G. S. 
144-6.) 

The State Flower 

The general Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the 
State flower. (Public Laws, 1941, c. 289; G. S. 145-1.) 

The State's Most Famous Toast 

(Not Officially Designated) 
"Here's to the land of the long leaf pine 
The summer land where the sun doth shine; 
Where the weak grow strong 
And the strong grow great, 
Here's to 'down home' 
The Old North State." 
(Composed in 1904 by Mrs. Harry C. Martin, former resident o) 
Raleigh, N. C, but now living in Tennessee.) 

Legal Holidays 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

January 19 — Birthday of General Robert E. Lee. 

February 22 — Birthday of George Washington. 

Easter Monday. 

April 12 — Anniversary of the Resolutions adopted by the Pro- 
vincial Congress of North Carolina at Halifax, April 12, 1776, in 
structing the delegates from North Carolina to the Continental 
Congress to vote for a Declaration of Independence. 

May 10 — Confederate Memorial Day. 

May 20 — Anniversary of the "Mecklenburg Declaration of In- 
dependence." 



Population 33 

May 30 — Memorial Day (Applies tc State and National Banks 
only). 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

September, first Monday — Labor Day. 

November, Tuesday after first Monday — General Election Day. 

November 11 — Armistice Day. 

November, Fourth Thursday — Thanksgiving Day. 

By joint Resolution No. 41 of Congress, approved by the Presi- 
dent December 26, 1941, the fourth Th ursday in November in 
each and every year after 1941, was designated as Thanksgiving 
Day and made a legal public holiday to all intents and purposes. 

December 25 — Christmas Day. 

Population 

1675 ( Estimated) 4,000 

1701 (Estimated) 5,000 

1707 ( Estimated) 7,000 

1715 (Estimated) 1 1,000 

1729 ( Estimated) 35,000 

1752 (Estimated ) 100,000 

1765 ( Estimated) 200,000 

1771 ( Estimated ) 250,000 

1 786 (Estimated ) 350,000 

1790 (Census) 393,751 

1800 ( Census ) 478,1 0.". 

1810 (Census) 555,500 

1820 (Census) 638,829 

1830 ( Census) 737,987 

1840 ( Census ) 753,409 

1850 (Census) 869,039 

1860 (Census) 992,622 

1870 (Census) 1,071,361 

1880 ( Census) 1 ,399,750 

1890 ( Census) 1,61 7,947 

1900 (Census) 1,893,810 

1910 (Census) .. 2,206,287 

1920 ( Census) 2,559,123 

1930 ( Census ) 3,170,276 

1940 (Census) 3,571,623 



THE OLD NORTH STATE 



{Traditional air as sung in 1926) 



William Gaston 
With spirit 



Collected and abbanqbo 
by Mbs. E. E. Randolpe 




fefc 



I 



1. Car - o - li - nal Car - o 

2. Tho' she en - vies not 

3. Then let all those who 



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li - nal heav-en's bless-ings at - tend her, 
oth - ers, their mer - it - ed glo - ry, 
love us, love the land that we live in, 







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While we live we willcher • ish, pro tect and de- fend her, i ho' the 

Say whose name stands the fore - most, in lib - er - ty's sto • ry, Tho' too 

As hap • py a re - gion as on this side of heav-en, Where 

/TV /*» 




*> '^" " I " " " 'air' 1 " 

scorn - er may sneer at and wit - lin~s de - fame her, Still our hearts swell with 
true to her - self e'er to crouch to op -pres-sion,Who can yield to just 
plen - ty and peace, love and joy smile be - fore us, Raise a.loud, rais; to- 



J^Ob: 



m 



J0.1JSZ 



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Chorus 



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glad - ness when ev - er we name her. 

rule • more loy • al sub-mis-sion. Hur • rah! 

geth - er the heart thrill - ing chorus. 



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Old North State for -ev 




er, Hur 



rahl 

-ts> — 



Hur - rah! the good Old North State. 



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i — X 



CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NORTH 

CAROLINA 



PREAMBLE 



We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Al- 
mighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preservation 

of the American Union and the existence of our civil, political, and 
religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him 
for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, do, 
for the more certain security thereof and for the better govern- 
ment of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I 

DECLARATION OF RIGHTS 

That the great, general, and essential principles of liberty and 
free government may be recognized and established, and that the 
relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United 
States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the 
American people, may be defined and affirmed, we do declare: 

Section 1. The equality and rights of persons. That we hold it to 
be self-evident that all persons are created equal; that they are en- 
dowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among 
these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of their own 
labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. Political power and government. That all political power 
is vested in, and derived from, the people; all government of right 
originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is 
instituted solely for the good of the whole. 

Sec. 3. Internal government of the State. That the people of 
this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulating 
the internal government and policies thereof, and of altering and 
abolishing their Constitution and form of government whenever it 
may be necessary for their safety and happiness; but every such 
right should be exercised in pursuance of the law, and consistently 
with the Constitution of the United States. 

[35] 



36 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 4. That there is no right to secede. That this State shall 
ever remain a member of the American Union; that the people 
thereof are a part of the American Nation; that there is no right 
on the part of the State to secede, and that all attempts, from 
whatever source or upon whatever pretext, to dissolve said Union 
or to sever said Nation, ought to be resisted with the whole power 
of the State. 

Sec. 5. Of allegiance to the United States Government. That 
every citizen of this State owes paramount allegiance to the Con- 
stitution and Government of the United States, and that no law or 
ordinance of the State in contravention or subversion thereof can 
have any binding force. 

Sec. 6. Public debt; bonds issued under ordinance of Convention 
of 1868, '68-'69, '69-'70, declared invalid; exception. The State 
shall never assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any debt 
or obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave; nor shall the General Assembly assume 
or pay, or authorize the collection of any tax to pay, either directly 
or indirectly, expressed or implied, any debt or bond incurred, or 
issued, by authority of the Convention of the year one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-eight, nor any debt or bond incurred or 
issued by the Legislature of the year one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-eight, either at its special session of the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-eight, or at its regular sessions of the 
years one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight and one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-nine, and one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-nine and one thousand eight hundred and seventy, except 
the bonds issued to fund the interest on the old debt of the State, 
unless the proposing to pay the same shall have first been sub- 
mitted to the people, and by them ratified by the vote of a majority 
of all the qualified voters of the State at a regular election held for 
that purpose. 

Sec. 7. Exclusive emoluments, etc. No person or set of persons 
are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from 
the community but in consideration of public services. 

Sec. 8. The legislative, executive, and judicial powers distinct. 
The legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of the gov- 
ernment ought to be forever separate and distinct from each other. 



Constitution 37 

Sec. 9. Of the power of suspending laws. All power of sus- 
pending laws, or the execution of laws, by an authority, without 
the consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to 
their rights, and ought not to be exercised. 

Sec. 10. Election free. All elections ought to be free. 

Sec. 11. In criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions, 
every person charged with crime has the right to be informed of 
the accusation and to confront the accusers and witnesses with 
other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and not be com- 
pelled to give self-incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail 
fees, or necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found guilty. 

Sec. 12. Answers to criminal charges. No person shall be put 
to answer any criminal charge except as hereinafter allowed, but 
by indictment, presentment or impeachement. 

Sec. 13. Right of jury. No person shall be convicted of any 
crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful 
persons in open cour. The Legislature may, however, provide other 
means of trial for petty misdemeanors, with the right of appeal. 

Sec. 14. Excessive bail. Excessive bail should not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments in- 
flicted. 

Sec. 15. General warrants. General warrants, whereby any 
officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places, 
without evidence of the act committed, or to seize any person or 
persons not named, whose offense is not particularly described and 
supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty, and ought not to 
be granted. 

Sec. 16. Imprisonment for debt. There shall be no imprison- 
ment for debt in this State, except in cases of fraud. 

Sec. 17. No person token, etc., but by law of the land. No per- 
son ought to be taken, imprisoned, or disseized of his freehold, lib- 
erties or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner de- 
prived of his life, liberty or property but by the law of the land. 

Sec. 18. Persons restrained of liberty. Every person restrained 
of his liberty is entitled to a remedy to inquire into the lawfulness 
thereof, and to remove the same, if unlawful; and such remedy 
ought not to be denied or delayed. 

Sec. 19. Controversies at law respecting property. In all con- 
troversies at law respecting propei'ty, the ancient mode of trial by 



38 North Carolina Manual 

jury is one of the best securities of the rights of the people, and 
ought to remain sacred and inviolable. No person shall be excluded 
from jury service on account of sex. 

Sec. 20. Freedom of the press. The freedom of the press is 
one of the great bulwarks of liberty, and therefore ought never 
to be restrained, but every individual shall be held responsible for 
the abuse of the same. 

Sec. 21. Habeas corpus. The privileges of the writ of habeas 
corpus shall not be suspended. 

Sec. 22. Property qualification. As political rights and privi- 
leges are not dependent upon, or modified by, property, therefore no 
property qualification ought to affect the right to vote or hold office. 
Sec. 23. Representation and taxation. The people of the State 
ought not to be taxed, or made subject to the payment of any im- 
post or duty without the consent of themselves, or their represen- 
tatives in General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 24. Militia and the right to bear arms. A well regulated 
militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of 
the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; and, as 
standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they 
ought not to be kept up, and the military should be kept under 
strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. Nothing 
herein contained shall justify the practice of carrying concealed 
weapons, or prevent the Legislature from enacting penal statutes 
against said practice. 

Sec. 25. Right of the people to assemble together. The people 
have a right to assemble together to consult for their common good, 
to instruct their representatives, and to apply to the Legislature 
for redress of grievances. But secret political societies are dan- 
gerous to the liberties of a free people, and should not be tolerated. 
Sec. 26. Religious liberty. All persons have a natural and inalien- 
able right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of 
their own consciences, and no human authority should, in any case 
whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience. 

Sec. 27. Education. The people have the right to the privilege 
of education, and it is the ruty of the State to guard and maintain 
that right. 

Sec. 28. Elections should be frequent. For redress of griev- 



Constitution 39 

ances, and for amending 1 and strengthening the laws, elections 
should be often held. 

Sec. 29. Recurrence to fundamental principles. A frequent re- 
currence to fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 30. Hereditary emoluments, etc. No hereditary emoluments, 
privileges, or honors ought to be granted or conferred in this State. 

Sec. 31. Perpetuities, etc. Perpetuities and monopolies are con- 
trary to the genius of a free State, and ought not to be allowed. 

Sec. 32. Ex post facto laws. Retrospective laws, punishing acts 
committed before the existence of such laws, and by them only 
declared criminal, are oppressive, unjust, and incompatible with 
liberty; wherefore no ex post facto law ought to be made. No law 
taxing retrospectively sales, purchases, or other acts previously 
done, ought to be passed. 

Sec. 33. Slavery prohibited. Slavery and involuntary servitude, 
otherwise than for crime, whereof the parties shall have been duly 
convicted, shall be, and are hereby, forever prohibited within the 
State. 

Sec. 34. State boundaries. The limits and boundaries of the 
State shall be and remain as they now are. 

Sec. 35. Courts shall be open. All courts shall be open ; and every 
person for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person, or rep- 
utation, shall have remedy by clue course of law, and right and 
justice administered without sale, denial, or delay. 

Sec. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. No soldier shall, in time of 
peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; 
nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 37. Other rights of the people. This enumeration of rights 
shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the 
people; and all powers not herein delegated remain with the 
people. 

ARTICLE II 

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Two branches. The legislative authority shall be 
vested in two distinct branches, both dependent on the people, to- 
wit: a Senate and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2. Time of assembling. The Senate and House of Represen- 



40 North Carolina Manual 

tatives shall meet biennially on the first Wednesday after the first 
Monday in January next after their election; and, when assembled, 
shall be denominated the General Assembly. Neither house shall 
proceed upon public business unless a majority of all the members 
are actually present. 

Sec. 3. Number of senators. The Senate shall be composed of 
fifty Senators, biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 4. Regulations in relation to districting the State for Sen- 
ators. The Senate Districts shall be so altered by the General As- 
sembly, at the first session after the return of every enumeration 
by order of Congress, that each Senate District shall contain, as 
near as may be, an equal number of inhabitants, excluding- aliens 
and Indians not taxed, and shall remain unaltered until the return 
of another enumeration, and shall at all times consist of contigu- 
ous territory; and no county shall be divided in the formation of 
a Senate District, unless such county shall be equitably entitled to 
two or more Senators. 

Sec. 5. Regulations in relation to apportionment of representa- 
tives. The House of Representatives shall be composed of one hun- 
dred and twenty Representatives, biennially chosen by ballot, to 
be elected by the counties respectively, according to their popula- 
tion, and each county shall have at least one Representative in the 
House of Representatives, although it may not contain the requi- 
site ratio of representation; this apportionment shall be made by 
the General Assembly at the respective times and periods when the 
districts of the Senate are hereinbefore directed to be laid off. 

Sec. 6. Ratio of representatives. In making the apportionment 
in the Houes of Representatives, the ratio of representation shall 
be ascertained by dividing the amount of the population of the 
State, exclusive of that comprehended within those counties which 
do not severally contain the one hundred and twentieth part of the 
population of the State, by the number of Representatives, less the 
number assigned to such counties; and in ascertaining the number 
of the population of the State, aliens and Indians not taxed shall 
not be included. To each county containing the said ratio and not 
twice the said ratio there shall be assigned one Representative; to 
each county containing two but not three times the said ratio there 
shall be assigned two Representatives, and so on progressively, and 



Constitution 41 

then the remaining Representatives shall be assigned severally to 
the counties having the largest fractions. 

Sec. 7. Qualifications for senators. Each member of the Senate 
shall not be less than twenty-five years of age, shall have resided 
in the State as a citizen two years, and shall have usually resided 
in the district for which he was chosen one year immediately pre- 
ceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Qualifications for representatives. Each member of the 
House of Representatives shall be a qualified elector of the State, 
and shall have resided in the county for which he is chosen for 
one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 9. Election of officers. In the election of all officers whose 

appointment shall be conferred upon the General Assembly by the 

Constitution, the vote shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 10. Powers in relation to divorce and alimony. The Gen- 
eral Assembly shall have power to pass general laws regulating 

divorce and alimony, but shall not have power to grant a divorce 

or secure alimony in any individual case. 

Sec. 11. Private laws in relation to names of persons, etc. The 
General Assembly shall not have power to pass any private law to 
alter the name of any person, or to legitimate any person not born 
in lawful wedlock, or to restore to the rivhts of citizenship any 
person convicted of an infamous crime, but shall have power to pass 
general laws regulating the same. 

Sec. 12. Thirty days notice shall be given anterior to passage of 
private laws. The General Assembly shall not pass any private 
law, unless it shall be made to appear that thirty days notice of 
application to pass such a law shall have been given, under such 
direction and in such manner as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 13. Vacancies. If vacancies shall occur in the General As- 
sembly by death, resignation, or otherwise, writs of election shall 
be issued by the Governor under such regulations as may be pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec. 14. Revenue. No law shall be passed to raise money on the 
credit of the State, or to pledge the faith of the State, directly or 
indirectly, for the payment of any debt, or to impose any tax upon 
the people of the State, or allow the counties, cities or towns to do 
so, unless the bill for the purpose shall have been read three sev- 
eral times in each House of the General Assembly and passed three 



42 North Carolina Manual 

several readings, which readings shall have been on three different 
days, and agreed to by each House respectively, and unless the 
yeas and nays on the second and third readings of the bill shall 
have been entered on the journal. 

Sec. 15. Entails. The General Assembly shall regulate entails 
in such a manner as to prevent perpetuities. 

Sec. 16. Journals. Each House shall keep a journal of its pro- 
ceedings, which shall be printed and made public immediately 
after the adjournment of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Protest. Any member of either House may dissent 
from, and protest against, any act or resolve which he may think 
injurious to the putlic, or any individual, and have the reasons of 
his dissent entered on the journal. 

Sec. 18. Officers of the House. The House of Representatives 
shall choose their own Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 19. President of the Senate. The Lieutenant-Governor shall 
preside in the Senate, but shall have no vote unless it may be 
equally divided. 

Sec. 20. Other senatorial officers. The Senate shall choose its 
other officers and also a speaker (pro tempore) in the absence of 
the Lieutenant-Governor, or when he shall exercise the office of 
the Governor. 

Sec. 21. Style of the acts. The style of the acts shall be: "The 
General Assembly of North Carolina do enact." 

Sec. 22. Powers of the General Assembly. Each House shall 
be judge of the qualifications and election of its own members, shall 
sit upon its own adjournment from day to day, prepare bills to be 
passed into laws; and the two Houses may also jointly adjourn to 
any future day, or other place. 

Sec. 23. Bills and resolutions to be read three times, etc. All 
bills and resolutions of a legislative nature shall be read three 
times in each House before they pass into laws, and shall be signed 
by the presiding officers of both Houses. 

Sec. 24. Oath of members. Each member of the General As- 
sembly, before taking his seat, shall take an oath or affirmation 
that he will support the Constitution and laws of the United 
States, and the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, and 
will faithfully discharge his duty as a member of the Senate or 
House of Representatives. 



Constitution 43 

Sec. 25. Terms of office. The terms of office for Senators and 
members of the House of Representatives shall commence at the 
time of their election. 

Sec. 26. Yeas and nays. Upon motion made and seconded in 
either House by one-fifth of the members present, the yeas and 
nays upon any question shall be taken and entered upon the 
journals. 

Sec. 27. Election for members of the General Assembly. The 
election for members of the General Assembly shall be held for the 
respective districts and counties, at the places where they are now 
held, or may be directed hereafter to be held, in such manner as 
may be prescribed by law, on the first Thursday in August, in the 
year one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and every two years 
thereafter. But the General Assembly may change the time of 
holding the elections. (Changed to Tuesday after first Monday in 
November, c. 275—1876.) 

Sec. 28. Pay of members and officers of the General Assembly. 
The members of the General Assembly for the term of their office 
shall receive a salary for their services of six hundred dollars each. 
The salaries of the presiding officers of the two houses shall be 
seven hundier dollars each: Provided, that in addition to the sal- 
aries herein provided for, should an extra session of the General 
Assembly be called, the members shall receive eight dollars per 
day each, and the presiding officers of the two houses ten dollars 
per day each, for every day of such extra session not exceeding 
twenty days; and should an extra session continue more than 
twenty days, the members and officers shall serve thereafter with- 
out pay. 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon power of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. The General Assembly shall not pass 
any local, private, or special act or resolution relating to the estab- 
lishment of courts inferior to the Superior Court; relating to the 
appointment of justices of the peace; relating to health, sanitation, 
and the abatement of nuisances; changing the names of cities, 
towns, and townships; authorizing the laying out, opening, alter- 
ing, maintaining, or discontinuing of highways, streets, or alleys; 
relating to ferries or bridges; relating to non-navigable streams; 
relating to cemeteries; relating to the pay of jurors; erecting new 
townships, or changing township lines, or establishing or changing 



44 North Carolina Manual 

the lines of school districts remitting fines, penalties, and forfeit- 
ures, or refunding moneys legally paid into the public treasury; 
regulating labor, trade, mining, or manufacturing; extending the 
time for the assessment or collection of taxes or otherwise relieving 
any collector of taxes from the due performance of his official du- 
ties or his sureties from liability; giving effect to informal wills 
and deeds; nor shall the General Assembly enact any such local, 
private, or special act by the partial repeal of a general law, but 
the General Assembly may at any time repeal local, private, or 
special laws enacted by it. Any local, private, or special act or res- 
olution passed in violation of the provisions of this section shall 
be void. The General Assembly shall have power to pass general 
laws regulating matters set out in this section. 

Sec. 80. The General Assembly shall not use nor authorize to be 
used any part of the amount of any sinking fund for any purpose 
other than the retirement of the bonds for which said sinking fund 
has been created. 

ARTICLE III 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Sec. 1. Officers of the Executive Depart mod ; Terms of Office. 
The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, in whom 
shall be vested the supreme executive power of the State; a Lieu- 
tenant Governor, a Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Treasurer, a 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, an Attorney General, a Com- 
missioner of Agriculture, a Commissioner of Labor and a Commis- 
sioner of Insurance, who shall be elected for a term of four years 
by the qualified electors of the State, at the same time and places 
and in the same manner as members of the General Assembly are 
elected. Their term of office shall commence on the first clay of 
January next after their election, and continue until their succes- 
sors are elected and qualified: Provided, that the officers first 
elected shall assume the duties of their office ten days after the 
approval of this Constitution by the Congress of the United States, 
and shall hold their offices four years from and after the first day 
of January. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor. No 
person shall be eligible as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor unless 
he shall have attained the age of thirty years, shall have been a 



Constitution 45 

citizen of the United States five years, and shall have been a resi- 
dent of this State for two years next before the election ; nor shall 
the person elected to either of these two offices be eligible to the 
same office more than four years in any term of eight years, 
unless the office shall have been cast upon him as Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor or President of the Senate. 

Sec. 3. Returns of election. The return of every election for of- 
ficers of the Executive Department shall be sealed up and transmit- 
ted to the seat of government by the returning officer, directed to 
the Secretary of State. The return shall be canvassed and the re- 
sult declared in such manner as may be prescribed by law. Con- 
tested elections shall be determined by a joint ballot of both 
Houses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec. 4. Oath of office for Governor. The Governor, before enter- 
ing upon the duties of his office, shall, in the presence of the mem- 
bers of both branches of the General Assembly, or before any 
Justice of the Supreme Court, take an oath or affirmation that he 
will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, and 
of the State of North Carolina, and that he will faithfully perform 
the duties appertaining to the office of Governor, to which he has 
been elected. 

Sec. 5. Duties of Governor. The Governor shall reside at the 
seat of government of this State, and he shall, from time to time, 
give the General Assembly information of the affairs of the State, 
and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall 
deem expedient. 

Sec. 6. Reprieves, commutations, and pardons. The Governor 
shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons, 
after conviction, for all offenses (except in case of impeachment), 
upon such conditions as he may think proper, subject to such regu- 
lations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of apply- 
ing for pardons. He shali biennially communicate to the General 
Assembly each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon granted, 
stating the name of each convict, the crime for which he was con- 
victed, the sentence and its date, the date of commutation, pardon, 
or reprieve, and the reasons therefor. 

Sec. 7. Annual reports from officers of Executive Department 
and of public institutions. The officers of the Executive Depart- 



46 North Carolina Manual 

ment and of the public institutions of the State shall, at least five 
days previous to each regular session of the General Assembly, 
severally report to the Governor, who shall transmit such reports, 
with his message, to the General Assembly; and the Governor may, 
&t any time, require information in writing from the officers in 
the Executive Department upon any subject relating to the duties 
of their respective offices, and shall take care that the laws be 
faithfully executed. 

Sec. 8. Commander-in-Chief. The Governor shall be Commander- 
in-Chief of the militia of the State, except when they shall be called 
into the service of the United States. 

Sec. 9. Extra sessions of General Assembly. The Governor shall 
have power, on extraordinary occasions, by and with the advice of 
the Council of State, to convene the General Assembly in extra 
session by his proclamation, stating therein the purpose or pur- 
poses for which they are thus convened. 

Sec. 10. Officers whose appointments are not otherwise provided 
for. The Governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice and 
consent of a majority of the Senators-elect, appoint all officers 
whose offices are established by this Constitution and whose ap- 
pointments are not otherwise provided for. 

Sec. 11. Ditties of the Lieutenant Governor. The Lieutenant 
Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote 
unless the Senate be equally divided. He shall receive such com- 
pensation as shall be fixed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 12. In case of impeachment of Governor, or vacancy caused 
by death or resignation. In case of the impeachment of the Gover- 
nor, his failure to qualify, his absence from the State, his inability 
to discharge the duties of his office, or, in case the office of Gover- 
nor shall in any wise become vacant, the powers, duties and emolu- 
ments of the office shall devolve upon the Lieutenant-Governor 
until the disability shall cease or a new Governor shall be elected 
and qualified. In every case in which the Lieutenant-Governor 
shall be unable to preside over the Senate, the Senators shall elect 
one of their own number President of their body; and the powers, 
duties, and emoluments of the office of Governor shall devolve upon 
him whenever the Lieutenant-Governor shall, for any reason, be 
prevented from discharging the duties of such office as above pro- 
vided, and he shall continue as acting Governor until the disabili- 
ties are removed, or a new Governor or Lieutenant-Governor shall 



Constitution 47 

be elected and qualified. Whenever, during the recess of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, it shall become necessary for the President of the 
Senate to administer the government, the Secretary of State shall 
convene the Senate, that they may elect such President. 

Sec. 13. Duties of other executive officers. The respective duties 
of the Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, Attorney General, Commissioner of Agricul- 
ture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insurance shall 
be prescribed by law. If the office of any of said officers shall be 
vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty of 
the Governor to appoint another until the disability be removed or 
his successor be elected and qualified. Every such vacancy shall be 
filled by election at the first general election that occurs more than 
thirty days after the vacancy has taken place, and the person 
chosen shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term, 
fixed in the first section of this article. 

Sec. 14. Council of State. The Secretary of State, Auditor, Treas- 
urer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner of Agri- 
culture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insurance 
shall constitute, ex-officio, the Council of State, who shall advise the 
Governor in the execution of his office, and three of whom shall 

constitute a quorum; their advice and proceedings in this capacity 
shall be entered in a journal, to be kept for this purpose, exclu- 
sively, and signed by the members present, from any part of which 
any member may enter his dissent; and such journal shall be 
placed before the General Assembly when called for by either 
house. The Attorney General shall be, ex-officio, the legal adviser 
of the executive department. 

Sec. 15. Compensation of executive officers. The officers men- 
tioner in this article shall, at stated periods, receive for their serv- 
ices a compensation to be established by law, which shall neither 
be increased nor diminished during the time for which they shall 
have been elected, and the said officers shall receive no other 
emolument or allowance whatever. 

Sec. 16. Seal of State. There shall be a seal of the State, whch 
shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him, as occasion may 
require, and shall be called "The Great Seal of the State of North 
Carolina". All grants and commissions shall be issued in the name 
and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 



48 North Carolina Manual 

"The Great Seal of the State", and signed by the Governor, and 
countersigned by the Secretary of State. 

Sec. 17. Department of Agriculture, Immigration, and Statis- 
tics. The General Assembly shall establish a Department of Agri- 
culture, Immigration, and Statistics, under such regulations as may 
best promote the agricultural interests of the State, and shall enact 
laws for the adequate protection and encouragement of sheep 
husbandry. 

Sec. 18. Department of Justice. The General Assembly is author- 
ized and empowered to create a Department of Justice under the 
supervision and direction of the Attorney-General, and to enact 
suitable laws defining the authority of the Attorney-General and 
other officers and agencies concerning the prosecution of crime and 
the administration of the criminal laws of the State. 

ARTICLE IV 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Abolishes the distinction between actions at law and 
suits in equity, and feigned issues. The distinction between actions 
at law and suits in equity, and the forms of all such actions and 
suits, shall be abolished; and there shall be in this State but one 
form of action for the enforcement or protection of private rights 
or the redress of private wrongs, which shall be denominated a 
civil action; and every action prosecuted by the people of the State 
as a party, against a person charged with a public offense, for the 
punishment of the same, shall be termed a criminal action. Feigned 
issues shall also be abolished, and the facts at issue tried by order 
of court before a jury. 

Sec. 2. Division of judicial poivers. The judicial power of the 
State shall be vested in a Court for the Trial of Impeachments, a 
Supreme Court, Superior Courts, Courts of Justices of the Peace, 
and such other courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be es- 
tablished by law. 

Sec. 3. Trial court of impeachement. The Court for the Trial of 
Impeachements shall be the Senate. A majority of the members 
shall be necessary to a quorum, and the judgment shall not extend 
beyond removal from and disqualification to hold office in this 
State; but the party shall be liable to indictment and punishment 
according to law. 



Constitution 49 

Sec. 4. Impeachment. The House of Representatives solely shall 
have the power of impeaching-. No person shall be convicted with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators present. When 
the Governor is impeached, the Chief Justice shall preside. 

Sec. 5. Treason against the State. Treason against the State 
shall consist only in levying war against it, or adhering to its ene- 
mies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of 
treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession in open court. No conviction of treason or at- 
tainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture. 

Sec. 6. Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall consist of a 
Chief Justice and four Associate Justices. The General Assembly 
may increase the number of Associate Justices to not more than six, 
when the work of the Court so requires. The Court shall have 
power to sit in divisions, when in its judgment this is necessary 
for the proper dispatch of business, and to make rules for the dis- 
tribution of business between the divisions and for the hearing of 
cases by the full Court. No decision of any division shall become 
the judgment of the Court unless concurred in by a majority of 
all the justices; and no case involving a construction of the Con- 
stitution of the State or of the United States shall be decided ex- 
cept by the Court in banc. All sessions of the Court shall be held 
in the city of Raleigh. This amendment made to the Constitution 
of North Carolina shall not have the effect to vacate any office or 
term of office now existing under the Constitution of the State, 
and filled or held by virtue of any election or appointment under 
the said Constitution, and the laws of the State made in pursuance 
thereof. (By c. 16, 1937, amending s. 1403 of the Consolidated 
Statutes, the number of Associate Justices was increased to six.) 

Sec. 7. Terms of the Supreme Court. The terms of the Supreme 
Court shall be held in the city of Raleigh, as now, until otherwise 
provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 8. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall 
have jurisdiction to review, upon appeal, any decision of the courts 
below, upon any matter of law or legal inference. And the jurisdic- 
tion of said court over "issues of fact" and "questions of fact" shall 
be the same exercised by it before the adoption of the Constitution 
of one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, and the court shall 
have the power to issue any remedial writs necessary to give it a 



50 North Carolina Manual 

general supervision and control over the proceedings of the inferior 
courts. 

Sec. 9. Claims against the State. The Supreme Court shall have 
original jurisdiction to hear claims against the State, but its deci- 
sions shall be merely recommendatory; no process in the nature of 
execution shall issue thereon; they shall be reported to the next 
session of the General Assembly for its action. 

Sec. 10. Judicial districts for Superior Courts. The State shall 
be divided into nine judicial districts, for each of which a judge 
shall be chosen; and there shall be held a Superior Court in each 
county at least twice in each year, to continue for such time in 
each county as may be prescribed by law. But the General Assem- 
bly may reduce or increase the number of districts. (Changed by 
acts of General Assembly to twenty-one districts.) 

Sec. 11. Residences of judges, rotation in judicial districts, and 
special terms. Every judge of the Superior Court shall reside in 
the district for which he is elected. The judges shall preside in the 
courts of the different districts successively, but no judge shall hold 
the courts in the same district oftener than once in four years; but 
in case of the protracted illness of the judge assigned to preside in 
any district, or of any other unavoidable accident to him, by reason 
of which he shall he unable to preside, the Governor may require 
any judge to hold one or more specified terms in said district, in 
lieu of the judge assigned to hold the courts of the said district; 
and the General Assembly may by general laws provide for the 
selection of special or emergency judges to hold the Superior 
Courts of any county, or district, when the judge assigned thereto, 
by reason of sickness, disability, or other cause, is unable to attend 
and hold said court, and when no other judge is available to hold 
the same. Such special or emergency judges shall have the power 
and authority of regular judges of the Superior Courts, in the 
courts which they are so appointed to hold; and the General As- 
sembly shall provide for their reasonable compensation. 

Sec. 12. Jurisdiction of courts inferior to Supreme Court. The 
General Assembly shall have no power to deprive the Judicial De- 
partment of any power or jurisdiction which rightfully pertains to 
it as a coordinate department of the government; but the General 
Assembly shall allot and distribute that portion of this power and 
jurisdiction which does not pertain to the Supreme Court among 



Constitution 51 

the other courts prescribed in this Constitution or which may be 
established by law, in such manner as it may deem best; provide 
also a proper system of appeals; and regulate by law, when nec- 
essary, the methods of proceeding in the exercise of their powers 
of all the courts below the Supreme Court, so far as the same may 
be done without conflict with other provisions of this Constitution. 
Sec. 13. In case of waiver of trial by jury. In all issues of fact, 
joined in any court, the parties may waive the right to have the 
same determined by a jury; in which case the finding of the judge 
upon the facts shall have the force and effect of a verdict by a 
jury. 

Sec. 14. Special courts in cities. The General Assembly shall pro- 
vide for the establishment of special courts, for the trial of misde- 
meanors, in cities and towns, where the same may be necessary. 

Sec. 15. Clerk of the Supreme Court. The clerk of the Supreme 
Court shall be appointed by the Court, and shall hold his office for 
eight years. 

Sec. 16. Election of Superior Court clerk. A clerk of the Superior 
Court for each county shall be elected by the qualified voters 
thereof, at the time and in the manner prescribed by law for the 
election of members of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Term of office. Clerks of the Superior Courts shall hold 
their offices for four years. 

Sec. 18. Fees, salaries, and emoluments. The General Assembly 
shall prescribe and regulate the fees, salaries, and emoluments of 
all officers provided for in this article; but the salaries of the 
judges shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. 19. What laws are, and shall be, in force. The laws of North 
Carolina, not repugnant to this Constitution or the Constitution 
and laws of the United States, shall be in force until lawfully 
altered. 

Sec. 20. Disposition of actions at law and suits in equity, pending 
when this Constitution shall go into effect, etc. Actions at law and 
suits in equity pending when this Constitution shall go into effect 
shall be transferred to the courts having jurisdiction thereof, with- 
out prejudice by reason of the change; and all such actions and 
suits commenced before, and pending the adoption by the General 
Assembly of the rules of practice and procedure herein provided 



52 North Carolina Manual 

for, shall be heard and determined according to the practice now 
in use, unless otherwise provided for by said rules. 

Sec. 21. Elections, terms of office, etc., of Justices of the Supreme 
dud Judges of the Superior Courts. The Justices of the Supreme 
Court shall be elected by the qualified voters of the State, as is pro- 
vided for the election of members of the General Assembly. They 
shall hold their offices for eight years. The judges of the Superior 
Courts, elected at the first election under this amendment, shall be 
elected in like manner as is provided for Justices of the Supreme 
Court, and shall hold their offices for eight years. The General 
Assembly may, from time to time, provide by law that the judges 
of the Superior Courts, chosen at succeeding elections, instead of 
being elected by the voters of the whole State, as is herein pro- 
vided for, shall be elected by the voters of their respective districts. 

Sec. 22. Transactions of business in the Superior Court. The Su- 
perior Courts shall be, at all times, open for the transaction of all 
business within their jurisdiction, except the trial of issues of fact 
requiring a jury. 

Sec. 23. Solicitors and Solicitorial Districts. The State shall be 
divided into twenty-one solicitorial districts, for each of which a 
solicitor shall be chosen by the qualified voters thereor, as is pre- 
scribed for members of the General Assembly, wdio shall hold of- 
fice for the term of four years, and prosecute on behalf of the 
State in all criminal actions in the Superior Courts, and advise 
the officers of justice in his district. But the General Assembly may 
reduce or increase the number of the solicitorial districts, which 
need not correspond to, or be the same as, the judicial districts of 
the State. 

Sec. 24. Sheriff's and Coroners. In each county a sheriff and a 
coroner shall be elected by the qualified voters thereof as is pre- 
scribed for the members of the General Assembly, and shall hold 
their offices for a period of four years. In each township there 
shall be a constable elected in like manner by the voters thereof, 
who shall hold his office for a period of two years. When there is 
no coroner in a county the Clerk of the Superior Court for the 
county may appoint one for special cases. In cases of a vacancy 
exxisting for any cause in any of the offices created by this section, 
the commissioners of the county may appoint to such office for the 
unexpired term. 



Constitution 53 

Sec. 25. Vacancies. All vacancies occurring in the offices pro- 
vided for by this article of the Constitution shall be filled by the 
appointments of the Governor, unless otherwise provided for, and 
the appointees shall hold their places until the next regular elec- 
tion for members of the General Assembly, when elections shall be 
held to fill such offices. If any person, elected or appointed to any 
of said offices, shall neglect and fail to qualify, such offices shall be 
appointed to, held and filled as provided in case of vacancies oc- 
curring therein. All incumbents of said offices shall hold until their 
successors are qualified. 

Sec. 26. Terms of office of first officers. The officers elected at the 
first election held under this Constitution shall hold their offices for 
the terms prescribed for them, respectively, next ensuing after the 
next regular election of members of the General Assembly. But 
their terms shall begin upon the approval of this Constitution by 
the Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 27. Jurisdiction of justices of the peace. The several jus- 
tices of the peace shall have jurisdiction, under such regulations as 
the General Assembly shall prescribe, of civil actions, founded on 
contract, wherein the sum demanded shall not exceed two hundred 
dollars, and wherein the title to real estate shall not be in contro- 
versy; and of all criminal matters arising within their counties 
where the punishment cannot exceed a fine of fifty dollars or im- 
prisonment for thirty days. And the General Assembly may give to 
the justices of the peace jurisdiction of other civil actions wherein 
the value of the property in controversy does not exceed fifty dol- 
lars. When an issue of fact shall be joined before a justice, on de- 
mand of either party thereto, he shall cause a jury of six men to 
be summoned, who shall try the same. The party against whom the 
judgment shall be rendered in any civil action may appeal to the 
Superior Court from the same. In all cases of a criminal nature the 
party against whom the judgment is given may appeal to the 
Superior Court, where the matter shad be heard anew. In all cases 
brought before a justice, he shall make a record of the proceedings, 
and file same with the clerk of the Superior Court for his county. 

Sec. 28. Vacancies in office of justices. When the office of justice 
of the peace shall become vacant otherwise than by expiration of 
the term, and in case of a failure by the voters of any district to 



54 North Carolina Manual 

elect, the clerk of the Superior Court for the county shall appoint 
to fill the vacancy for the unexpired term. 

Sec. 29. Vacancies in office of Superior- Court clerk. In case the 
office of clerk of a Superior Court for a county shall become vacant 
otherwise than by the expiration of the term, and in case of a 
failure by the people to elect, the judge of the Superior Court for 
the county shall appoint to fill the vacancy until an election can 
be regularly held. 

Sec. 30. Officers of other courts inferior to Supreme Court. In 
case the General Assembly shall establish other courts inferior to 
the Supreme Court, the presiding officers and clerks thereof shall 
be elected in such manner as the General Assembly may from time 
to time prescribe, and they shall hold their offices for a term not 
exceeding eight years. 

Sec. 31. Removal of judges of the various courts for inability. 
Any judge of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, and 
the presiding officers of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court 
as may be established by law, may be removed from office for men- 
tal or physical inability, upon a concurrent resolution of two-thirds 
of both Houses of the General Assembly. The judge or presiding 
officer against whom the General Assembly may be about to pro- 
ceed shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the 
causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before the 
day on which either House of the General Assembly shall act 
thereon. 

Sec. 32. Removal of clerks of the various courts for inability. 
Any clerk of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, or of 
such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be established by 
law, may be removed from office for mental or physical inability; 
the clerk of the Supreme Court by the judges of said court, the 
clerks of the Superior Courts by the Judge riding the district, and 
the clerks of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be 
established by law by the presiding officers of said courts. The 
clerk against whom proceedings are instituted shall receive notice 
thereof, accompanied by a copy of the causes alleged for his re- 
moval, at least ten days before the day appointed to act thereon, 
and the clerk shall be entitled to an appeal to the next term of the 
Superior Court, and thence to the Supreme Court, as provided in 
other cases of appeals. 



Constitution 55 

Sec. 33. Amendments not to vacate existing offices. The amend- 
ments made to the Constitution of North Carolina by this Conven- 
tion shall not have the effect to vacate any office or term of office 
now existing under the Constitution of the State, and filled, or 
held by virtue of any election or appointment under the said Con- 
stitution and the laws of the State made in pursuance thereof. 

ARTICLE V 

REVENUE AND TAXATION 

Section 1. Capitation tax; exemptions. The General Assembly 
may levy a capitation tax on every male inhabitant of the State 
over twenty-one and under fifty years of age, which said tax shall 
not exceed two dollars, and cities and towns may levy a capitation 
tax which shall not exceed one dollar. No other capitation tax shall 
be levied. The commissioners of the several counties and of the 
cities and towns may exempt from the capitation tax any special 
cases on account of poverty or infirmity. 

Sec. 2. Application of proceeds of State and county capitation 
tax. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall be 
applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor, 
but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent thereof be 
appropriated to the latter purpose. 

Sec. 3. State taxation. The power of taxation shall be exercised 
in a just and equitable manner, and shall never be surrendered, 
suspended, or contracted away. Taxes on property shall be uni- 
form as to each class of property taxed. Taxes shall be levied only 
for public purposes, and every act levying a tax shall state the 
object to which it is to be applied. The General Assembly may also 
tax trades, professions, franchises, and incomes: Provided, the 
rate of tax on income shall not in any case exceed ten per cent 
(10%), and there shall be allowed the following exemptions, to be 
deducted from the amount of annual incomes, to-wit: for married 
man with a wife living with him, or to a widow or widower having 
minor child or children, natural or adopted, not less than $2,000; 
to all other persons not less than $1,000, and there may be allowed 
other deductions (not including living expenses) so that only net 
incomes are taxed. 

Sec. 4. Limitations upon the increase of public debts. The Gen- 
eral Assembly shall have the power to contract debts and to pledge 



56 North Carolina Manual 

the faith and credit of the State and to authorize counties and mu- 
nicipalities to contract debts and pledge their faith and credit, for 
the following purposes: To fund or refund a valid existing debt; to 
borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes due and payable 
within the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding fifty per centum 
of such taxes; to supply a casual deficit; to suppress riots or insur- 
rections, or to repel invasions. For any purpose other than these 
enumerated, the General Assembly shall have no power, during any 
biennium, to contract new debts on behalf of the State to an 
amount in excess of two-thirds of the amount by which the State's 
outstanding indebtedness shall have been reduced during the next 
preceding biennium, unless the subject be submitted to a vote of 
the people of the State; and for any purpose other than these 
enumerated the General Assembly shall have no power to author- 
ize counties or municipalities to contract debts, and counties and 
municipalities shall not contract debts, during any fiscal year, to 
an amount exceeding two-thirds of the amount by which the out- 
standing indebtedness of the particular county or municipality 
shall have been reduced during the next preceding fiscal year, un- 
less the subject be submitted to a vots of the people of the partic- 
ular county or municipality. In any election held in the State or in 
any county or municipality under the provisions of this section, 
the proposed indebtedness must be approved by a majority of 
those who shall vote thereon. And the General Assembly shall have 
no power to give or lend the credit of the State in aid of any 
person, association, or corporation, except to aid in the completion 
of such railroads as may be unfinished at the time of the adoption 
of this Constitution, or in which the State has a direct pecuniary 
interest, unless the subject be submitted to a direct vote of the 
people of the State, and be approved by a majority of those who 
shall vote thereon. 

Sec. 5. Property exempt from taxation. Pi"operty belonging to 
the State, or to municipal corporations, shall be exempt from taxa- 
tion. The General Assembly may exempt cemeteries and property 
held for educational, scientific, literary, charitable, or religious 
purposes; also wearing apparel, arms for muster, household and 
kitchen furniture, the mechanical and agricultural implements of 
mechanics and farmers; libraries and scientific instruments, or 
any other personal property, to a value not exceeding three hun- 
dred dollars. The General Assembly may exempt from taxation 



Constitution 57 

not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) in value of prop- 
erty held and used as the place of residence of the owner. 

Sec. 6. Taxes levied for counties. The total of the State and 
county tax on property shall not exceed fifteen cents on the one 
hundred dollars value of property, except when the county prop- 
erty tax is levied for a special purpose and with the special ap- 
proval of the General Assembly, which may be done by special or 
general act: Provided, this limitation shall not apply to taxes 
levied for the maintenance of public schools of the State for the 
term required by article nine, section three, of the Constitution : 
Provided, further, the State tax shall not exceed five cents on the 
one hundred dollars value of property. 

Sec. ?'. Acts levying taxes shall state objects, etc. Every act of 
the General Assembly levying a tax shall state the special object to 
which it is to be applied, and it shall be applied to no other 
purpose. 

ARTICLE VI 

SUFFRAGE AND ELIGIBILITY TO OFFICE 

Section 1. Who may vote. Every person born in the United 
States, and every person who has been naturalized, twenty-one 
years of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in this arti- 
cle, shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of the 
State, except as herein otherwise provided. (The 19th amendment 
to the United States Constitution, ratified Aug. 6, 1920, provided 
that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by he United States or by any state on ac- 
count of sex." North Carolina accordingly by c. 18, Extra Session 
1920, provided for the registration and voting of women.) 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of voters. He shall reside in the State of 
North Carolina for one year, and in the precinct, ward, or other 
election district in which he offers to vote four months next pre- 
ceding the election: Provided, that removal from one precinct, 
ward, or other election district to another in the same county shall 
not operate to deprive any person of the right to vote in the pre- 
cinct, ward, or other election district from which he has removed 
until four months after such removal. No person who has been 
convicted, or who has confessed his guilt in open court upon in- 
dictment, of any crime the punishment of which now is, or may 
hereafter be, imprisonment in the State's Prison, shall be per- 



58 North Carolina Manual 

mitted to vote, unless the said person shall be first restored to 
citizenship in the manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. Voters to be registered. Every person offering to vote 
shall be at the time a legally registered voter as herein prescribed 
and in the manner hereafter provided by law, and the General As- 
sembly of North Carolina shall enact general registration laws to 
carry into effect the provisions of this article. 

Sec. 4. Qualification for registration. Every person presenting 
himself for registration shall be able to read and write any section 
of the Constitution in the English language. But no male person 
who was, on January 1, 1867, or at any time prior thereto, entitled 
to vote under the laws of any State in the United States wherein 
he then resided, and no lineal descendant of any such person, shall 
be denied the right to register and vote at any election in this 
State by reason of his failure to possess the educational qualifi- 
cations herein prescribed: Provided, he shall have registered in 
accordance with the terms of this section prior to December 1, 
1908. The General Assembly shall provide for the registration of 
all persons entitled to vote without the educational qualifications 
herein prescribed, and shall, on or before November 1, 1908, pro- 
vide for the making of a permanent record of such registration; 
and all persons so registered shall forever thereafter have the 
right to vote in all elections by the people of this State, unless 
disqualified under section 2 of this article. 

Sec. 5. Indivisible plan; legislative intent. That this amendment 
to the Constitution is presented and adopted as one indivisible plan 
for the regulation of the suffrage, with the intent and purpose to 
so connect the different parts, and to make them so dependent 
upon each other, that the whole shall stand or fall together. 

Sec. 6. Elections by people and General Assembly. All elections 
by the people shall be by ballot, and all elections by the General 
Assembly shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 7. Eligibilitji to office; official oath. Every voter in North 
Carolina, except as in this article disqualified, shall be eligible to 
office, but before entering upon the duties of the office he shall take 
and subscribe the following oath: 

"I, _ , do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will 

support and maintain the Constitution and laws of the United 
States, and the Constitution and laws of North Carolina not in- 



Constitution 59 

consistent therewith, and that I will faithfully discharge the du- 
ties of my office as So help me, God." 

Sec. 8. Disqualification for office. The following classes of per- 
sons shall be disqualified for office: First, all persons who shall 
deny the being of Almighty God. Second, all persons who shall have 
been convicted or confessed their guilt on indictment pending, and 
whether sentenced or not, or under judgment suspended, of any 
treason or felony, or of any other crime for which the punishment 
may be imprisonment in the penitentiary, since becoming citizens 
of the United States, or of corruption or malpractice in office, un- 
less such person shall be restored to the rights of citizenship in a 
manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. When this chapter operative. That this amendment to 
the Constitution shall go into effect on the first day of July, nine- 
teen hundred and two, if a majority of votes cast at the next gen- 
eral election shall be cast in favor of this suffrage amendment. 

ARTICLE VII 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS 

Section 1. County officers. In each county there shall be elected 
biennially by the qualified voters thereof, as provided for the elec- 
tion of members of the General Assembly, the following officers : A 
treasurer, register of deeds, surveyor, and five commissioners. 
(Under authority of the Public Laws of 1935, c. 362, s. 13, provi- 
sion was made for the quadrennial election of registers of deeds, 
certain counties being exempted.) 

Sec. 2. Duty of county commissioners. It shall be the duty of the 
commissioners to exercise general supervision and control of the 
penal and charitable institutions, schools, roads, bridges, levying 
of taxes, and finances of the county, as may be prescribed by law. 
The register of deeds shall be ex officio clerk of the boarr of com- 
missioners. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. It shall be the duty 
of the commissioners first elected in each county to divide the same 
into convenient districts, to determine the boundaries and prescribe 
the name of the said districts, and to report the same to the Gen- 
eral Assembly before the first day of January, 1869. 

Sec. 4. Townships have corporate powers. Upon the approval of 
the reports provided for in the foregoing section, by the General 



60 North Carolina Manual 

Assembly, the said districts shall have corporate powers for the 
necessary purposes of local government, and shall be known as 
townships. 

Sec. 5. Officers of townships. In each township there shall be 
biennially elected, by the qualified voters thereof, a clerk and two 
justices of the peace, who shall constitute a board of trusts s, and 
shall, under the supervision of the county commissioners, have con- 
trol of the taxes and finances, roads and bridges of the townships, 
as may be prescribed by law. The General Assembly may provide 
for the election of a larger number of justices of the peace in cities 
and towns, and in those townships in which cities and towns are 
situated. In every township there shall also be biennially elected a 
school committee, consisting of three persons, whose duties shall be 
prescribed by law. (Amended by c. 141, 1877.) 

Sec. 6. Trustees shall assess property. The township board of 
trustees shall assess the taxable property of their townships and 
make returns to the county commissioners for revision, as may be 
prescribed by law. The clerk shall be, ex officio, treasurer of the 
township. 

Sec. 7. No debt or loan except by a majority of voters. No coun- 
ty, city, town, or other municipal corporation shall contract any 
debt, pledge its faith or loan its credit, nor shall any tax be levied 
or collected by any officers of the same except for the necessary ex- 
penses thereof, unless by a vote of the majority of the qualified 
voters therein. 

Sec. 8. No money draivn except by law. No money shall be drawn 
from any county or township treasury except by authority of law. 

Sec. 9. When officers enter on duty. The county officers first 
elected under the provisions of this article shall enter upon their 
duties ten days after the approval of this Constitution by the 
Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 10. Governor to appoint justices. The Governor shall ap- 
point a sufficient number of justices of the peace in each county, 
who shall hold their places until sections four, five, and six of this 
article shall have been carried into effect. 

Sec. 11. Charters to remain in force until legally changed. All 
charters, ordinances, and provisions relating to municipal corpora- 
tions shall remain in force until legally changed, unless inconsist- 
ent with the provisions of this Constitution. 



Constitution 61 

Sec. 12. Debts in aid of the rebellion not to be paid. No county, 
city, town, or other municipal corporation shall assume to pay, nor 
shall any tax be levied or collected for the payment of any debt, or 
the interest upon any debt, contracted directly or indirectly in aid 
of or support of the rebellion. 

Sec. 13. Powers of General Assembly over municipal corpora- 
tions. The General Assembly shall have full power by statute to 
modify, change, or abrogate any and all of the provisions of this 
article, and substitute others in their place, except sections seven, 
nine and thirteen. (Recent amendment repealed old section 9 and 
renumbered sections 10-14.) (Under the general authority of this 
section several statutory amendments have been made. See notes 
supra, ss. 1 and 5.) 

ARTICLE VIII 

CORPORATIONS OTHER THAN MUNICIPAL 

Section 1. Corporations under general laws. No corporation 
shall be created, nor shall its charter be extended, altered, or 
amended by special act, except corporations for charitable, educa- 
tional, penal, or reformatory purposes that are to be and remain 
under the patronage and control of the State; but the General As- 
sembly shall provide by general laws for the chartering and or- 
ganization of all corporations, and for amending, extending, and 
forfeiture of all charters, except those above permitted by special 
act. All such general laws and special acts may be altered from 
time to time or repealed; and the General Assembly may at any 
time by special act repeal the charter of any corporation. 

Sec. 2. Debits of corporations, how secured. Dues from corpora- 
tions shall be secured by such individual liabilities of the corpora- 
tions, and other means, as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. What corporations shall include. The term "Corpora- 
tion" as used in this article shall be construed to include all associ- 
ation? and joint-stock companies having any of the powers and 
privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or partner- 
ships. And all corporations shall have the right to sue, and shall 
be subject to be sued, in all courts in like cases as natural persons. 

Sec. 4. Legislature to provide for organizing cities, towns, etc. 
It shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide by general laws 
for the organization of cities, towns, and incorporated villages, and 
to restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing money, 



62 North Carolina Manual 

contracting debits, and loaning their credit, so as to prevent abuses 
in assessment ana in contracting debts by such municipal corpora- 
tions. 

ARTICLE IX 

EDUCATION 

Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. .Religion, morality, and 
knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness 
of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be 
encouraged. 

Sec. 2. General Assembly shall provide for schools; separation 
of the races. The General Assembly, at its first session under this 
Constitution, shall provide by taxation and otherwise for a general 
and uniform system of public schools, wherein tuition shall be free 
of charge to all the children of the State between the ages of six and 
twenty-one years. And the children of the white race and the chil- 
dren of the colored race shall be taught in separate public schools ; 
but there shall be no discrimination in favor of, or to the prejudice 
of, either race. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. Each county of the 
State shall be divided into a convenient number of districts, in which 
one or more public schools shall be maintained at least six months 
in every year; and if the commissioners of any county shall fail to 
comply with the aforesaid requirements of this section, they shall be 
liable to indictment. 

Sec. 4. What jrroperti/ devoted to educational purposes. The 
proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted by 
the United States to this State, and not otherwise appropriated by 
this State or the United States ; also all moneys, stocks, bonds, and 
other property now belonging to any State fund for purposes of edu- 
cation, also the net proceeds of all sales of the swamp lands belong- 
ing to the State, and all other grants, gifts, or devices that have 
been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not otherwise ap- 
propriated by the State or by the terms of the grant, gift, or de- 
vise, shall be paid into the State Treasury, and, together with so 
much of the ordinary revenue of the State as may be by law set 
apart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated for estab- 
lishing and maintaining in this State a system of free public 
schools, and for no other uses or purposes whatsoever. 



Constitution 63 

Sec. 5. County school fund; proviso. All moneys, stocks, bonds, 
and other property belonging to a county school fund; also the net 
proceeds from the sale of estrays; also the clear proceeds of all 
penalties and forfeitures and of all fines collected in the several 
counties for any breach of the penal or military laws of the State; 
and all moneys which shall be paid by persons as an equivalent for 
exemption from military duty, shall belong to and remain in the 
several counties, and shall be faithfully appropriated for establish- 
ing and maintaining free public schools in the several counties of 
this State : Provided, that the amount collected in each county shall 
be annually reported to the Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

Sec. 6. Election of trustees, and provisions for maintenance, of 
the University. The General Assembly shall have power to provide 
for the election of trustees of the University of North Carolina, in 
whom, when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, rights, fran- 
chises, and endowments thereof in any wise granted to or conferred 
upon the trustees of said University; and the General Assembly may 
make such provisions, laws, and regulations from time to time as 
may be necessary and expedient for the maintenance and manage- 
ment of said University. 

Sec. 7. Benefits of the University. The General Assembly shall 
provide that the benefits of the University, or far as practicable, be 
extended to the youth of the State free of expense for tuition ; also, 
that all the property which has heretofore accrued to the State, or 
shall hereafter accrue, from escheats, unclaimed dividends, or dis- 
tributive shares of the estates of deceased persons, shall be ap- 
propriated to the use of the University. 

Sec. 8. State Board, of Education. The general supervision and 
administration of the free public school system, and of the educa- 
tional funds provided for the support thereof, except those men- 
tioned in Section five of this Article, shall, from and after the first 
day of April, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five, be vested in 
the State Board of Education to consist of the Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor, State Treasurer, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
and ten members to be appointed by the Governor, subject to con- 
firmation by the General Assembly in joint session. The General 
Assembly shall divide the State into eight educational districts, 
which may be altered from time to time by the General Assembly. 
Of the appointive members of the State Board of Education one 



64 North Carolina Manual 

shall be appointed from each of the eight educational districts, and 
two shall be appointed as members at large. The first appointments 
under this section shall be: Two Members appointed from educa- 
tional districts for terms of two years; two members appointed 
from educational districts for terms of four years; two members 
appointed from educational districts for terms of six years; and 
two members appointed from educational districts for terms of 
eight years. One member at large shall be appointed for a period 
of four years and one member at large shall be appointed for a 
period of eight years. All subsequent appointments shall be for 
terms of eight years. Any appointments to fill vacancies shall 
be made by the Governor for the unexpired term, which appoint- 
ments shall not be subject to confirmation. The State Superintend- 
ent of Public Instruction shall be the administrative head of the 
public school system and shall be secretary of the board. The board 
shall elect a chairman and vice chairman. A majority of the board 
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The per 
diem and expenses of the appointive members shall be provided by 
the General Assembly. 

Sec. 9. Poivers and Duties of the Board. The State Board of 
Education shall succeed to all the powers and trusts of the Presi- 
dent and Directors of the Literary Fund of North Carolina and the 
State Board of Education as heretofore constituted. The State 
Board of Education shall have power to divide the State into a con- 
venient number of school districts; to regulate the grade, salary 
and qualifications of teachers; to provide for the selection and 
adoption of the textbooks to be used in the public schools; to ap- 
portion and equalize the public school funds over the State; and 
generally to supervise and administer the free public school system 
of the State and make all needful rules and regulations in relation 
thereto. All the powers enumerated in this section shall be exer- 
cised in conformity with this constitution and subject to such laws 
as may be enacted from time to time by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 10. Agricultural department. As soon as practicable after 
the adoption of this Constitution the General Assembly shall estab- 
lish and maintain, in connection with the University, a department 
of agriculture, of mechanics, of mining, and of normal instruction. 

Sec. 11. Children must attend school. The General Assembly is 
hereby empowered to enact that every child of sufficient mental and 



Constitution 65 

physical ability shall attend the public schools during the period be- 
tween the ages of six and eighteen years, for a term of not less 
than sixteen months, unless educated by other means. 

ARTICLE X 

Homesteads and Exemptions 

Section 1. Exemptions of personal property. The personal prop- 
erty of any resident of this State, to the value of five hundred dol- 
lars, to be selected by such resident, shall he and is hereby ex- 
empted from sale under execution or other final process of any 
court issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Homestead. Every homestead, and the dwellings and 
buildings used therewith, not exceeding in value one thousand dol- 
lars, to be selected by the owner thereof, or in lieu thereof, at the 
option of the owner, any lot in a city, town, or village with the 
dwellings and buildings used thereon, owned and occupied by any 
resident of this State, and not exceeding the value of one thousand 
dollars, shall be exempt from sale under execution or other final 
process obtained on any debt. But no property shall be exempt 
from sale for taxes or for payment of obligations contracted for 
the purchase of said premises. 

Sec. 3. Homestead exemption from debt. The homestead, after 
the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment 
of any debt during the minority of his children, or any of them. 

Sec. 4. Laborer's lien. The provisions of sections one and two of 
this article shall not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's lien 
for work done and performed for the person claiming such exemp- 
tion, or a mechanic's lien for work done en the premises. 

Sec. 5. Benefit of widow. If the owner of a homestead die, leaving 
a widow but no children, the same shall be exempt from the debts 
of her husband, and the rents and profits thereof shall inure to her 
benefit during her widowhood, unless she be the owner of a home- 
stead in her own right. 

Sec. 6. Property of married women secured to them. The real 
and personal property of any female in this State acquired before 
maniage, and all property, real and personal, to which she may, 
after marriage, become in any manner entitled, shall be and re- 
main the sole and separate estate and property of such female, 
and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations, or engagements 



66 North Carolina Manual 

of her husband, and may be devised, and bequeathed, and, with the 
written assent of her husband, conveyed by her as if she were un- 
married. 

Sec. 7. Husband may insure his life for the benefit of wife and 
children. The husband may insure his own life for the sole use and 
benefit of his wife and children, and in case of the death of the 
husband the amount thus insured shall be paid over the the wife 
and children, or to the guardian, if under age, for her or their own 
use, free from all the claims of the representatives of her husband, 
or any of his creditors. And the policy shall not be subject to 
claims of creditors of the insured during the life of the insured, if 
the insurance issued is for the sole use and benefit of the wife 
and/or children. 

Sec. 8. How deed for homestead man be made. Nothing contained 
in the foregoing sections of this Article shall operate to prevent 
the owner of a homestead from disposing of the same by deed ; but 
no deed made by the owner of a homestead shall be valid without 
the signature and acknowledgement of his wife. 

ARTICLE XI 

PUNISHMENTS, PENAL INSTITUTIONS, AND PUBLIC CHARITIES 

Section 1. Punishments; convict labor; proviso. The following 
punishments only shall be known to the laws of this State, viz. : 
death, imprisonment with or without hard labor, fines, removal 
from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of 
honor, trust, or profit under this State. The foregoing provision 
for imprisonment with hard labor shall be construed to authorize 
the employment of such convict labor on public works or highways 
or other labor for public benefit, and the farming out thereof, 
where and in such manner as may be provided by law; but no con- 
vict shall be farmed out who has been sentenced on a charge of 
murder, manslaughter, rape, attempt to commit rape, or arson; 
Provided, that no convict whose labor may be farmed out shall be 
punished for any failure of duty as a laborer, except by a respon- 
sible officer of the State; but the convicts so farmed out shall be 
at all times under the supervision and control, as to their govern- 
ment and discipline, of the penitentiary board or some officer of 
this State. 

Sec. 2. Death punishment. The object of punishment being not 
only to satisfy justice, but also to reform the offender, and thus 



Constitution 67 

prevent crime, murder, arson, burglary, and rape, and these only, 
may be punishable with death, if the General Assembly shall so 
enact. 

Sec. 3. Penitentiary. The General Assembly shall, at its first 
meeting, make provision for the erection and conduct of a State's 
Prison or penitentiary at some central and accessible point within 
the State. 

Sec. 4. Houses of correction. The General Assembly may provide 
for the erection of houses of correction, where vagrants and per- 
sons guilty of misdemeanors shall be restrained and usefully em- 
ployed. 

Sec. 5. Houses of refuge. A house or houses of refuge may be es- 
tablished whenever the public interests may require it, for the cor- 
rection and instruction of other classes of offenders. 

Sec. 6. The sexes to be separated. It shall be required, by com- 
petent legislation, that the structure and superintendence of penal 
institutions of the State, county jails, and city police prisons se- 
cure the health and comfort of the prisoners, and that male and 
female prisoners be never confined in the same room or cell. 

Sec. 7. Provision for the poor and orphans. Beneficient provi- 
sions for the poor, the unfortunate, and orphan being one of the 
first duties of a civilized and Christian State, the General As- 
sembly shali, at its first session, appoint and define the duties of a 
Board of Public Charities, to whom shall be entrusted the super- 
vision of all charitable and penal State institutions, and who shall 
annually report to the Governor upon their condition, with sug- 
gestions for their improvement. 

Sec. 8. Orphan houses. There shall also, as soon as practicable, 
be measures devised by the State for the establishment of one or 
more orphan houses, where destitute orphans may be cared for, 
educated, and taught some business or trade. 

Sec. 9. Inebriates and idiots. It shall be the duty of the Legis- 
lature, as soon as practicable, to devise means for the education 
of idiots and inebriates. 

Sec. 10. Deaf mutes, blind, and insane. The General Assembly 
may provide that the indigent deaf-mute, blind, and insane of the 
State shall be cared for at the charge of the State. 

Sec. 11. Self-supporting. It shall be steadily kept in view by 
the Legislature and the Board of Public Charities that all penal 



68 North Carolina Manual 

and charitable institutions should be made as nearly self-support- 
ing as is consistent with the purposes of their creation. 

ARTICLE XII 

MILITIA 

Section 1. Who are liable to militia duty. All able-bodied male 
citizens of the State of North Carolina, between the ages of twen- 
ty-one and forty years, who are citizens of the United States, shall 
be liable to duty in the militia: Provided, that all persons who may 
be averse to bearing arms, from religious scruples, shall be exempt 
therefrom. 

Sec. 2. Organizing, etc. The General Assembly shall provide for 
the organizing, arming, equipping, and discipline of the militia, 
and for paying the same, when called into active service. 

Sec. 3. Governor commander-in-chief. The Governor shall be 
commander-in-chief, and shall have power to call out the militia 
to execute the law, suppress riots or insurrections, and to repel 
invasion. 

Sec. 4. Exemptions. The General Assembly shall have power 
to make such exemptions as may be deemed necessary, and to enact 
laws that may be expedient for the government of the militia. 

ARTICLE XIII 

AMENDMENTS 

Section 1. Convention, hoiv called. No convention of the people 
of this State shall ever be called by the General Assembly, unless 
by the concurrence of two-thirds of all of the members of each 
House of the General Assembly, and except the proposition, Con- 
vention or NO Convention, be first submitted to the qualified voters 
of the whole State, at the next general election, in a manner to te 
prescribed by law. And should a majority of the votes cast be in 
favor of said convention, it shall assemble on such day as may be 
prescribed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 2. How the Constitution may be altered. No part of the 
Constitution of this State shall be altered unless a bill to alter the 
same shall have been agreed to by three-fifths of each House of the 
General Assembly. And the amendment or amendments so agreed 
to shall be submitted at the next general election to the qualified 
voters of the whole State, in such manner as may be prescribed by 
law. And in the event of their adoption by a majority of the votes 



Constitution G9 

cast, such amendment or amendments shall become a part of the 
Constitution of this State. 

ARTICLE XIV 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Section 1. Indictments. Ali indictments which shall have been 
found, or may hereafter be found, for any crime or offense com- 
mitted before this Constitution takes effect, may be proceeded upon 
in the proper courts, but no punishment shall be inflicted which is 
forbidden by this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. No person who shall hereafter 
fight a duel, or assist in the same as a second, or send, accept, or 
knowingly carry a challenge therefor, or agree to go out of the 
State to fight a duel, shall hold any office in this State. 

Sec. 3. Drawing money. No money shall be drawn from the 
Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and 
an accurate account of the receipts and expenditures of the public 
money shall be annually published. 

Sec. 4. Mechanic's lien. The General Assembly shall provide, 
by proper legislation, for giving to mechanics and laborers an ade- 
quate lien on the subject-matter of their labor. 

Sec. 5. Governor to make appointments. In the absence of any 
contrary provision, all officers of this State, whether heretofore 
elected or appointed by the Governor, shall hold their positions only 
until other appointments are made by the Governor, or, if the of- 
ficers are elective, until their successors shall have been chosen and 
duly qualified according to the provisions of this Constitution. 

Sec. 6. Seat of government. The seat of government in this 

State shall remain at the city of Raleigh. 

Sec. 7. Holding office. No person who shall hold any office or 
place of trust or profit under the United States, or any depart- 
ment thereof, or under this State, or under any other state or gov- 
ernment, shall hold or exercise any other office or place of trust or 
profit under the authority of this State, or be eligible to a seat in 
either House of the General Assembly: Provided, that nothing 
herein contained shall extend to officers in the militia, notaries 
public, justices of the peace, commissioners of public charities, or 
commissioners for special purposes. 

Sec. 8. Intermarriage of whites and Negroes prohibited. All 
marriages between a white person and a Negro, or between a white 
person and a person of Negro descent to the third generation, in- 
clusive, are hereby forever prohibited. 




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THE AMERICAN'S CREED 

I believe in the United States of America, as a government of the 
people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are de- 
rived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic; 
a sovereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect union, one 
and inseparable established upon those principles of freedom, 
equality, justice and humanity for which American patriots sacri- 
ficed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to 
my country to love it, to support its constitution, to obey its laws, 
to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies. 

The American's Creed by William Tyler Page was adopted 
by an act of Congress, April 6, 1918.) 

THE AMERICAN FLAG, ITS ORIGIN 

In 1775 the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse carried a stand- 
ard with thirteen alternate blue and silver stripes in the upper 
left-hand corner. At Cambridge on January 2, 1776, Washing-ton 
without authorization of the Continental Congress, raised a flag 
consisting of thirteen alternate white and red stripes with the 
crosses of St. George and St. Andrew in a blue field in the upper 
left-hand corner. It was called the "Union Flag," "Grand Union 
Flag" and the "Continental Flag," and was employed until dis- 
placed by the Stars and Stripes adopted by the Continental Con- 
gress. 

The beautiful tradition that Betsy Ross, as early as June 177<>, 
made a Stars and Stripes flag from a pencil sketch supplied by 
Washington but changed the points of the stars from six to five, 
has become a classic. Historians doubt its accuracy. Half a dozen 
localities claim to have been the place where the Stars and Stripes 
was first used. Within New York State such contention has been 
for Fort Ann on July 8, Fort Stanwix on August 3, Bennington on 
August 13, and Saratoga on September 19, 1777. The flag with 
thirteen stripes and thirteen stars, authorized on June 14, 1777, 
continued to be used as the national emblem until Congress passed 
the following act, which President Washington signed: 

[71] 



The American Flag 73 

"That from and after May 1, 1795, the flag- of the United 
States be fifteen stripes, alternate red and white; and that 
the union be fifteen stars, white in a blue field." 

This action was necessitated by the admission of the States of 
Vermont and Kentucky to the Union. 

The flag of 1795 had the stais arranged in three rows of five 
each instead of in a circle, and served for 23 years. 

With the admission of more new states, however, it became 
apparent that the 1795 flag would have to be further modified; 
hence in 1818 a law was passed by Congress providing: 

"That from and after the fourth day of July next, the flag 
of the United States be thirteen horizontal stripes, alter- 
nate red and white; that the union have twenty stars, 
white in a blue field. 

"That on the admission of every new state into the Union, 
one star be added to the union of the flag; and that such 
addition shall take effect on the Fourth of July next suc- 
ceeding such admission." 

Since 1818 additional stars have been added until today there are 
48 on the flag. No law has been passed to designate how the stars 
shall be arranged. At one time they formed a design of a larger 
star. Now by common practice they form six rows of eight star- 
each. 

Betsy Ross, it is now said, lived at 233 Arch Street, Philadelphia, 
and not at 239. She made flags, but says Theodore I). Gottlieb, she 
never made the first Stars and Stripes. He adds: "The Department 
of State, the War and Navy depaitments, the Historical Sites 
Commission of Philadelphia and other official bodies repudiate the 
legend. The book and pamphlet material available is overwhelm- 
ingly against the legend. 

"The story arose for the first time on March 14, 1870, when Wil- 
liam J. Canby read a paper before the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society in which he states that in 1836, when his grandmother, 
Betsy Ross, was 84 years old and he was 11, she told him the 
story. He apparently thought little of it because nothing was done 
until 1857, when at the suggestion of his Aunt Clarissa, oldest 
daughter of Betsy, he wrote out the notes as he remembered the 
conversation. 



74 North Carolina Manual 

"Nothing further was done until 1870 when he wrote his paper. 
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania thought so little of the 
paper it neither catalogued nor kept a copy of it. Even George 
Canby, younger brother of William, disputed several points in the 
paper. 

"The legend grew to strength from 1888 to 1893 when promoters 
secured an option on the so-called Flag House. 

"Modern historical researchers are giving much thought to 
Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey as the possible designer and the 
Fillmore or Bennington flag as the first flag." 

The Proper Display of the American Flag 

Sec. 2. (a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only 
from sunrise to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs in 
the open. However, the flag may be displayed at night upon special 
occasions when it is desired to produce a pati'iotic effect. 

(b) The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremon- 
iously. 

(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather 
is inclement. 

(d) The flag should be displayed on all days when the weather 
permits, especially on New Year's Day, January 1; Inauguration 
Day, January 20; Lincoln's Birthday, February 12; Washington's 
Birthday, February 22; Army Day, April 6; Easter Sunday (vari- 
able) ; Mother's Day, second Sunday in May; Memorial Day (half 
staff until noon), May 30; Flag Day, June 14; Independence Day, 
July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Constitution Day, 
September 17; Columbus Day, October 12; Navy Day, October 27; 
Armistice Day, November 11; Thanksgiving Day, Fourth Thursday 
in November; Christmas Day, December 25; such other days as 
may be proclaimed by the President of the United States; the 
birthdays of States (dates of admission) ; and on State holidays. 

(e) The flag should be displayed daily, weather permitting, on 
or near the main administration building of every public institu- 
tion. 

(f) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place 
on election days. 

(g) The flag should be displayed during school days in or near 
every schoolhouse. 



The American Flag 75 

Sec. 3. That the flag, when carried in a procession with anothei 
flag- or flags, should he either on the marching right; that is, the 
flag's own right, or, if there is a line of other flags, in front of the 
center of that line. 

(a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade ex- 
cept from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i). 

(b) The flag should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, or 
back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag 
is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to the 
chassis or clamped to the radiator cap. 

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on 
the same level, to the right of the flag of the United States of 
America, except during church services conducted by naval chap- 
lains at sea, when the church pennant may he flown above the flag 
during church services for the personnel of the Navy. 

(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is dis- 
played with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should 
be on the right, the flag's own right, and its staff should be in 
front of the staff of the other flag. 

(e) The flag of the United States of America should be at th« 
center and at the highest point of the group when a number of 
flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped 
and displayed from staffs. 

(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of so- 
cieties are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United 
States, the latter should always be at the peak. When the flan- 
are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should 
be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag or pennant may 
be placed above the flag of the United States or to the right of the 
flag of the United States. 

(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are 
to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags 
should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids 
the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation 
in time of peace. 

(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a staff 
projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, bal- 
cony, or front of a building, the union of the flag should be placed 
at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff. When the 



76 North Carolina Manual 

flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending from a 
house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should be 
hoisted out, union first, from the building. 

(i) When the flag is displayed otherwise than by being flown 
from a staff, it should be displayed flat, whether indoors or out. 
When displayed either horizontally or vertically against a wall, 
the union should be uppermost and to the flag's own right; that is, 
to the observer's left. When displayed in a window, the flag should 
be displayed in the same way; that is, with the union or blue field 
to the left of the observer in the street. 

(j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it 
should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an 
east and west street or to the east in the north and south street. 

(k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed 
flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When dis- 
played from a staff in a church or public auditorium, if it is dis- 
played in the chancel of a church, or on the speaker's platform in 
a public auditorium, the flag should occupy the position of honor 
and be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's right as he faces the 
congregation or audience. Any other flag so displayed in the chan- 
cel or on the platform should be placed at the clergyman's or 
speaker's left as he faces the congregation or audience. But when 
the flag is displayed from a staff in a church or public auditorium 
elsewhere than in the chancel or on the platform it shall te placed 
in the position of honor at the right of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. Any other flag so dis- 
played should be placed on the left of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. 

(1) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony 
of unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never be used as 
the covering for the statue or monument. 

(m) The flag, when flown at half staff, should be first hoisted to 
the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff position. 
The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is lowered for 
the day. By "half staff" is meant hauling the flag to one-half the 
distance between the top and bottom of the staff. Crepe streamers 
may be affixed to spear heads or flag-staffs in a parade only by order 
of the President of the United States. 

(n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so 



The American Flag 77 

placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. The 
flag should not be lowered into the grave or allowed to touch the 
ground. 

Sec. 4. That no disrespect should be shown to the flag of the 
United States of America ; the flag should not be dipped to any per- 
son or thing. Regimental colors, State flags, and organizations or 
institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor. 

(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down save 
as a signal of dire distress. 

(b) The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as 
the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise. 

(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but al- 
ways aloft and free. 

(d) The flag should never be used as drapery of any sort what- 
soever, never festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always 
allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white, and red, always ar- 
ranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red 
below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping the 
front of a platform, and for decoration in general. 

(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored 
in such a manner as will permit it to be easily torn, soiled, or dam- 
aged in any way. 

(f) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling. 

(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on part of it, 
nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, 
picture, or drawing of any nature. 

(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, 
holding, carrying, or delivering anything. 

(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in 
any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such 
articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or 
otherwise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that is 
designed for temporary use and discard; or used as any portion of 
a costume or athletic uniform. Advertising signs should not be 
fastened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown. 

(j) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a 
fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, 
preferably by burning. 

Sec. 5. That during the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the flag 



78 North Carolina Manual 

or when the flag is passing in a parade or in a review, all persons 
present should face the flag, stand at attention, and salute. Those 
present in uniform should render the right-hand salute. When not 
in uniform, men should remove the headdress with the right hand 
holding it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Men 
without hats merely stand at attention. Women should salute by 
placing the right hand over the heart. The salute to the flag in the 
moving column should be rendered at the moment the flag passes. 

Sec. 6. That when the national anthem is played and the flag is 
not dispalyed, all present should stand and face toward the music. 
Those in uniform should salute at the first note of the anthem, re- 
taining this position until the last note. All others stand at atten- 
tion, men removing the headdress. When the flag is displayed, the 
salute to the flag should be given. 

Sec. 7. That the pledge of allegiance to the flag, "I pledge allegi- 
ance to the flag of the United State? of America and to the Re- 
public for which it stands, one Nation indivisible, with liberty and 
justice for all," be rendered by standing with the right hand over 
the heart; extending the right hand, palm upward, toward the flag 
at the words "to the flag" and holding this position until the end, 
when the hand drops to the side. However, civilians will always 
show full respect to the flag when the pledge is given by merely 
standing at attention, men removing the headdress. Persons ii. 
uniform shall render the military salute. 

Sec. 8. Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the fla^ 
of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, 
modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may 
be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy 
of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or 
desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set 
forth in a proclamation. 

The Pledge to the Flag 

(Taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily) 

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, 
And to the Republic for which it stands, 
One Nation, indivisible, 
With liberty and justice for all." 



The American Flag 79 

The Pledge to the Flag, according to a report of the Historical 
Committee of the United States Flag Association (May 18, 1939), 
was written by Francis Bellamy (August 1892), a member of the 
editorial staff of The Youth's Companion, in Boston, Massachu- 
setts. It was first repeated at the exercises in connection with the 
celebration of Columbus Day (October 12, 1892, Old Style). The 
idea of this national celebration on Columbus Day was largely 
that of James B. Upham, one of the junior proprietors of The 
Youth's Companion. 

Francis Hopkinson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
was the designer of the Stars and Stripes — not Betsy Ross of Phil- 
adelphia, who made flags. He also designed the first Great Seal of 
the United States, and a number of coins and several items of 
paper currency in the early days of the Republic. 

Hopkinson, born in Philadelphia (September 21, 1737), and a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, was the first native 
American composer of a secular song, "My Days Have Been So- 
Wondrous Free." He was a lawyer and later a judge in New Jer- 
sey, and then in Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia (May 9 r 
1791). His portrait, painted by himself, hangs in the rooms of the 
Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia. He played the organ 
and the harpsichord. 



THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON 

The Capitol building- in Washington, I). C, is situated on a pla- 
teau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River and covers an 
area of 15.'!, 112 square feet, or approximately three and one-half 
acres. Its length, from north to south, is 751 feet, four inches; its 
width, including approaches, is 350 feet; and its location is de- 
scribed as being in latitude 380°53'20.4" N. and longitude 
770°00'35.7" W. from Greenwich. Its height above the base line on 
the east front to the top of the Statue of Freedom is 287 feet, five 
and one-half inches. The dome is built of iron, and the aggregate 
weight of material used in its construction is 8,909,200 pounds. 

The Statue of Freedom surmounting the dome is of bronze and 
weighs 14,985 pounds. It was modeled by Thomas Crawford, father 
of Francis Marion Crawford, the novelist, in Rome, and the plaster 
model shipped to this country. It was cast in bronze at the shops 
of Clark Mills, on the Bladensburg Road, near Washington. The 
cost of the casting and the expenses in connection were $20,796.82, 
and the sculptor was paid $3,000 for the plaster model. It was 
erected and placed in its present position December 2, 1863. 

The grounds have had an area of 58.8 acres, at one time a part 
of Cern Abby Manor, and at an early date were occupied by a sub- 
tribe of the Algonquin Indians known as the Powhatans, whose 
council house was then located at the foot of the hill. By subse- 
quent purchase of ground at the north of the Capitol and at the 
west of the new House Office building the area of the grounds has 
been increased to 139% acres. 

The Rotunda is 97 feet 6 inches in diameter, and its height from 
the floor to the top of the canopy is 180 feet, 3 inches. 

The Senate Chamber is 113 feet, 3 inches, in length by 80 feet, 
3 inches, in width and 36 feet in height. The galleries will accom- 
modate 682 persons. 

The Representatives' Hall is 139 feet in length by 93 feet in 
width and 36 feet in height. 

The room, until 1935 the meeting place of the Supreme Court, 
was, until 1859, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to that 
time the court occupied the room immediately beneath, now used 
as a law library. 

[80] 



The National Capitol 81 

The Capitol has a floor area of 14 acres, and 430 rooms are de- 
voted to office, committee, and storage purposes. There are 14,518 
square feet of skylights, 679 windows, and 550 doorways. 

The dome receives light through 108 windows, and from the 
architect's office to the dome there are 365 steps, one for each day 
of the year. 

The southeast cornerstone of the original building was laid Sep- 
tember 18, 1793, by President Washington, with Masonic cere- 
monies. It is constructed of sandstone from quarries on Aquia 
Creek, Va. The original designs were prepared by Dr. William 
Thornton, and the work was done under the direction of Stephen 
H. Hallet, James Hoban, George Hadfield, and B. H. Latrobe, 
architects. 

The north wing was finished in 1800 and the south wing in 1811. 
A wooden passageway connected them. On August 24, 1814, the 
interior of both wings was destroyed by fire, set by the British. The 
damage to the building was immediately repaired. 

In 1818 the central portion of the building was commenced, under 
the architectural superintendence of Charles Bullfinch. The original 
building was finally completed in 1827. Its cost, including the grad- 
ing of the grounds, alterations, and repairs, up to 1827, was 
$2,433,844.13. 

The cornerstone of the extensions was laid on the Fourth of 
July, 1851, by President Fillmore, Daniel Webster officiating as 
orator. This work was prosecuted under the architectural direc- 
tion of Thomas U. Walter till 1865, when he resigned, and it was 
completed under the supervision of Edward Clark. The material 
used in the walls is white marble from the quarries at Lee, 
Massachusetts, and that in the columns from the quarries at 
Cockeysville, Maryland. The House extension was first occupied for 
legislative purpose December 16, 1857, and the Senate January 4, 
1859. 

The House office building was begun in 1905 and occupied on 
January 10, 1908; later, a story on top was added. The Senate 
office building was started in 1906 and occupied on March 5, 1909. 
The House building cost, with site, $4,860,155; the Senate struc- 
ture, $5,019,251. 

Among the paintings in the Capitol are: 

In Rotunda: Signing of the Declaration of Independence, Sur- 



82 North Carolina Manual 

lender of General Burgoyne, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at 
Yorktown, Va., George Washington Resigning His Commission as 
Commander in Chief of the Army, all by John Trumbull. 

Baptism of Pocahontas, by John G. Chapman; Landing of Co- 
lumbus, by John Vanderlyn; Discovery of the Mississippi River, by 
DeSoto, by William H. Powell; Embarkation of the Pilgrims, by 
Robert W. Weir. 

In House Wing: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, 
by Emanuel Leutze; First Reading of the Emancipation Proclama- 
tion, by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. 

In Senate Wing: Battle of Lake Erie, by William H. Powell; 
Battle of Chapultepec, by James Walker. 



THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

(Unanimously Adopted in Congress, July 4, 1776, at Philadelphia) 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for 
one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected 
them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, 
the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of 
Nature's God entitles them, a decent respect to the opinions of 
mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel 
them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created 
equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalien- 
able Rights; that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of 
Happiness. That, to secure these rights, Governments are instituted 
among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the 
governed; That, whenever any Form of Government becomes de- 
structive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to 
abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundations 
on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to 
them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. 
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established 
should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, accord- 
ingly, all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed 
to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a 
long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the 
same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Des- 
potism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Govern- 
ment, and to provide new Guards for their future security. Such 
has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies, and such is now 
the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems 
of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain 
is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in di- 
rect object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these 
States. To prove this, let Facts he submitted to a candid world. 

He has refused to assent to Laws, the most wholesome and nec- 
essary for the public good. 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and 

[ 83 ] 



84 North Carolina Manual 

pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his 
Assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly 
neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of 
large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the 
right of Representation in the Legislature — a right inestimable to 
them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, un- 
comfortable and distant from the depository of their public Rec- 
ords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with 
his measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for oppos- 
ing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause 
others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of 
Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exer- 
cise; the State remaining, in the meantime, exposed to all the 
dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States for 
that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreign- 
ers; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, 
and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his 
Assent to laws for establishing Judiciary Powers. 

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure 
of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither 
swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their sub- 
stance. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies with- 
out the Consent of our Legislature. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of, and su- 
perior to, the Civil power. 

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction for- 
eign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving 
his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: 

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any 



Declaration of Independence 85 

Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these 
States : 

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: 

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by jury: 

For transporting us beyond Seas, to be tried for pretended of- 
fenses: 

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighboring 
Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and en- 
larging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an example and fit 
instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colo- 
nies: 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable 
Laws, and altering, fundamentally, the Forms of our Governments: 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves 
invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his 
Protection and waging War against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, 
and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercen- 
aries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, al- 
ready begun with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely 
paralleled in the most barbarous aves, and totally unworthy the 
Head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-Citizens, taken captive on the high 
Seas, to bear Arms against their Country, to become the execu- 
tioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by 
their Hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has en- 
deavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless 
Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undistinguished 
destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. 

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Re- 
dress in the most humble terms ; Our repeated Petitions have been 
answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is 
thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to 
be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our Britain brethren. 



86 



North Carolina Manual 



We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their leg- 
islature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have 
reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settle- 
ment here. We have appealed to their native justice and magna- 
nimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common 
kindred to disavow these usurpations, which inevitably interrupt 
our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to 
the voice of justice and of consanguinity, We must, therefore, ac- 
quiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold 
them, as we hold the rest of mankind — Enemies in War, in Peace 
Friends. 

We, Therefore, the Representatives of the United States of 
America, in General Congress Assembled, appealing to the Su- 
preme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, 
in the Name and by authority of the good People of these Colonies, 
solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and 
of Right ought to be, free and independent States; that they are 
Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all 
political connection between them and the State of Great Britain 
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as Free and Inde- 
pendent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, 
contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts 
and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the 
support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection 
of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, 
our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. 



John Hancock 



Button Gwinnett 
Lyman Hall 
Geo. Walton 
Wm. Hooper 
Joseph Hewes 
John Penn 
Edward Rutledge 
Thos. Heyward, Junr. 
Thomas Lynch, Junr. 
Arthur Middleton 
Samuel Chase 



James Wilson 
Geo. Ross 
Caesar Rodney 
Geo. Reed 
Tho. M. Kean 
Wm. Floyd 
Phil. Livingston 
Frans. Lewis 
Lewis Morris 
Richd. Stockton 
Jno. Witherspoon 



Declaration of Independence 87 

Wm. Paca Fras. Hopkinson 

Thos. Stone John Hart 

Charles Carroll of Carrollton Abra Clark 

George Wythe Josiah Bartlett 

Richard Henry Lee Wm. Hippie 

Th. Jefferson Saml. Adams 

Benja. Harrison John Adams 

Thos. Nelson, Jr. Robt. Treat Payne 

Francis Lightfoot Lee Eldridge Gerry 

Carter Braxton Step. Hopkins 

Robt. Morris William Ellery 

Benjamin Rush Roger Sherman 

Benja. Franklin Samuel Huntington 

John Morton • Wm. Williams 

Geo. Clymer Oliver Woolcott 

Jas. Smith Matthew Thornton 
Geo. Taylor 



THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

PREAMBLE 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, pro- 
vide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do 
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 

Article I 

Section 1 — All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested 
in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate 
and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the several 
States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications 
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State 
Legislature. 

2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citi- 
zen of the United State:;, and who shall not, when elected, be an in- 
habitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among 
the several States which may be included within this Union, ac- 
cording to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by 
adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound 
to service for a term of years and excluding Indians not taxed, 
three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be 
made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of 
the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, 
in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Repre- 
sentatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each 
State shall have at least one Representative; and until such enum- 
eration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled 
to choose 3; Massachusetts, 8; Rhode Island and Providence Plan- 
tations, 1; Connecticut, 5; New York, 6; New Jersey, 4; Pennsyl- 

[88] 



Constitution of the United States 89 

vania, 8; Delaware, 1; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 10; North Carolina, 
5; South Carolina, 5; and Georgia, 3.* 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any State, 
the Executive Authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill 
such vacancies. 

5. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and 
other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Sec. S — 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of 
two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, 
for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.* 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of 
the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into 
three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be 
vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class at 
the expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the ex- 
piration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year, and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, 
during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting 
of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.* 

3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United 
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that 
State for which he shall be chosen. 

4. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of 
the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. 

5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a Presi- 
dent pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he 
shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. 

6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. 
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. 
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice 
shall preside; and no person shall be convicted without the con- 
currence of two-thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further 
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy 
any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States; but the 



* See Article XTV. Amentlnents. 

* See Article XVII, Amendments 



90 North Carolina Manual 

party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indict- 
ment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

Sec. 4 — 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections 
for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State 
by the Legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by 
law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of 
choosing Senators. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they 
shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. 5 — 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, re- 
turns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller num- 
ber may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under 
such penalties as each House may provide. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish 
its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of 
two-thirds, expel a member. 

3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from 
time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their 
judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the member? 
of either House on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of 
those present, be entered on the journal. 

4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without 
the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to 
any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. 

Sec. 6 — 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a 
compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid 
out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, 
except treason, felony, and breach of peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective 
Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any 
speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which 
he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority 
of the United States which shall have been created, or the emolu- 
ments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no 



Constitution of the United States 91 

person holding- any office under the United States shall be a mem- 
ber of either House during his continuance in office. 

Sec. 7 — 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representa- 
tives and the Senate shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to 
the President of the United States ; if he approve, he shall sign it, 
but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that House in 
which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at 
large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such 
reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other 
House, ty which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved 
by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But in all such 
cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and 
nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sun- 
days excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same 
shall he a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the 
Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it 
shall not be a law. 

3. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of 
Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on 
a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of 
the United States; and before the same shall take effect, shall be 
approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed 
by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, accord- 
ing to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. 

Sec. 8 — 1. The Congress shall have power: 

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the 
debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of 
the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uni- 
form throughout the United States; 

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the 
several States, and with the Indian tribes; 



92 North Carolina Manual 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform 
laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, 
and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities 
and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish postoffices and postroads ; 

8. To promote the progress of science anr useful arts, by secur- 
ing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right 
to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the 
high seas, and offenses against the law of nations ; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies, hut no appropriation of money 
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land 
and naval forces; 

15. To pi*ovide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of 
the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in 
the service of the United States, reserving to the States respec- 
tively the appointment of the officers and the authority of training 
the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over 
such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of 
particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat 
of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like au- 
thority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legislature 
of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, 
magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings; — and 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers 
vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, 
®r in any department or officer thereof. 



Constitution of the United States 93 

g EC . 9 — i. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be 
prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight 
hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such im- 
portation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be sus- 
pended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public 
safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in pro- 
portion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be 
taken/' 

.".. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
State. 

6. Xo preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce 
or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; nor 
shall vessels bound to, or from, one State be obliged to enter, clear, 
or pay duties in another. 

7. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in conse- 
quence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement 
and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money 
shall be published from time to time. 

8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; and 
no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, 
without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolu- 
ment, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, 
or foreign state. 

Sec. 10 — 1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; 
emit bills of credit ; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender 
in payment of debts pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, 
or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of 
nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports except what may be abso- 
lutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net pro- 
duce of all duties and imposts, laid by any State on imports or 
exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; 



* S< e Article XVI, Amendmei 



94 North Carolina Manual 

and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
Congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty 
of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter into 
any agreement or compact with another State, or with a foreign 
power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such im- 
minent danger as will not admit of delay. 

Article II 

Section 1 — 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a President 
of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the 
term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen 
for the same term, be electer as follows: 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature 
thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole num- 
ber of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be en- 
titled in the Congress ; but no Senator or Representative or person 
holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be 
appointed an elector. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by 
ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabi- 
tant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make a list 
of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; 
which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the 
seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the Presi- 
dent of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the Senate and House of Representatives open all the cer- 
tificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the 
greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be 
a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there 

te more than one who have such majority, and have an equal num- 
ber of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately 

choose by ballot one of them for President; and if no person have 

a majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House 

shall in like manner choose the President. But in choosing the 

President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 

from each State having one vote; a quorum, for this purpose, shall 

consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and 

a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. In every 



Constitution of the United States 95 

case, after the choice of the President, the person having the great- 
est number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice President. But 
if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Sen- 
ate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice President.* 

4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors 
and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day shall 
be the same throughout the United States. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the 
United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall 
be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any person be 
eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thir- 
ty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident within the United 
States. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his 
death, resignation or inability to discharge the powers and duties of 
the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the 
Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resig- 
nation, or inability, both of the President and Vice President, de- 
claring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer 
shall act accordingly until the disability be removed, or a Presi- 
dent shall be elected. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a 
compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished dur- 
ing the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not 
receive within that period any other emolument from the United 
State •, or any of them. 

8. Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the 
following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute 
the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best of 
my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the 
United States." 

Sec. 2 — 1. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the 
Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the sev- 
eral States, when called into the actual service of the United 
States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal of- 
ficer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relat- 
ing to the duties of their respective offices; and he shall have power 



This clause is superseded by Article XII, Amendments. 



96 North Carolina Manual 

to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United 
States, except in cases of impeachment. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators pres- 
ent concur; and he shall nominate and, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other of- 
ficers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein 
otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but 
the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior of- 
ficers as they think proper in the President alone, in the courts of 
law, or in the heads of departments. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that 
may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commis- 
sions which shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3 — He shall from time to time give to the Congress infor- 
mation of the State of the Union, and recommend to their con- 
sideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expe- 
dient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or 
either of them, and in case of disagreement between them with re- 
spect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such 
time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and 
other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faith- 
fully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United 
States. 

Sec. 4 — The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of 
the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, 
and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and mis- 
demeanors. 

Article III 

Section 1 — The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the 
Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, 
both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices 
during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their 
services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their 
continuance in office. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law 
and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United 



Constitution of the United States 97 

States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their 
authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdic- 
tion ; — to controversies to which the United States shall be a 
party; — to controversies between two or more States; — between a 
State and citizens of another State; — between citizens of different 
States; — between citizens of the same State claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the citizens 
thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and 
consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme 
Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before 
mentioned the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, 
both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such regu- 
lations as the Congress shall make. 

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall 
he by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State where the said 
crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within 
any State the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress 
may by law have directed. 

Sec. 3 — 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving 
them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or 
on confession in open court. 

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of 
treason ; but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, 
or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. 

Article IV 

Section 1— Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to 
the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner 
in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and 
the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2—1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other 



98 North Carolina Manual 

crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, 
shall, on demand of the Executive authointy of the State from 
which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having 
jurisdiction of the crime. 

'!. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws 
thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or 
regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but 
shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or 
labor may be due. 

Sec. 3 — 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the 
jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the 
junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the con- 
sent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the 
Congress. 

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other 
property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Con- 
situation shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the 
United States, or of any particular State. 

Sec. 4 — The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of 
them against invasion, and, on application of the Legislature, or of 
the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against 
domestic violence. 

Article V 
The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it 
necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on 
the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several 
States, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in 
either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of 
this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three-fourths 
of the several States, or by Conventions in three-fourths 
thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall 
in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the Ninth Sec- 
tion of the First Article; and that no State, without its consent, 
shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. 



Constitution of the United States 

Article VI 

1. All debts contracted and t igagements entered into before the 
adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United 
States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. 

2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which 
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which 
shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the 
supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be 
bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to 
the contrary notwithstanding. 

3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the 
members of the several State Legislatures, and all executives and 
judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several states, 
shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Constitution; 
but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any 
office or public trust under the United States. 

Article VII 

The ratification of the Conventions of nine States shall be suf- 
ficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States 
so ratifying the same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States 
present the Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of Our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the In- 
' .ependence of the United States of America the Twelfth. In witness 
whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 

GEO. WASHINGTON, President and deputy from Virginia, 
New Hampshire — John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman, Massachusetts 
— Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King, Connecticut — Wm. Saml. John- 
son, Roger Sherman, New York — Alexander Hamilton, New Jersey 
— Wil. Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Patterson, Jona. Dayton, 
Pennsylvania — B. Franklin, Robt. Morris, Thos. Fitzsimmons, 
James Wilson, Thomas Mifflin, Geo. Clymer, Jared Ingersoll, Gouv. 
Morris, Delaware — Geo. Read, John Dickinson, Jaco. Broom, Gun- 
ning Bedford, Jr., Richard Bassett, Maryland — James McHenry, 
Danl. Carroll, Dan. of St. Thos. Jenifer, Virginia — John Blair, Jas. 
Madison, Jr., North Carolina — Wm. Blount, Hu. Williamson, Richd. 
Dobbs Spaight, South Carolina — J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, 
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler, Georgia — William 
Few, Abr. Baldwin. Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. 



100 North Carolina Manual 

The Constitution was declared in effect on the first Wednesday in 
March, 1789. 

Amendments to the Constitution of the United States 

The following amendments to the Constitution, Article I to X, 
inclusive, were proposed at the First Session of the First Congress, 
begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, March 4, 
1789, and were adopted by the necessary number of States. The 
original proposal of the ten amendments was preceded by this 
preamble and resolution : 

"The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time 
of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to 
prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further de- 
claratory and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extend- 
ing the ground of public confidence in the Government will best 
insure the beneficent ends of its institution: 

"RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Representatives of 

the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds 

of both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed 

to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the 

Constitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, 

when ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid 

to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, 

namely": 

Amendments 

the ten original amendments 
(Sometimes called our Bill of Rights) 
(Declared in force December 15, 1791) 

Article I 
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of reli- 
gion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the free- 
dom of speech or of the press ; or the right of the people peaceably 
to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of griev- 
ances. 

Article II 

A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free 
State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be 
infringed. 



Constitution of the United States 10.1 

Article III 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house 
without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a man- 
ner to be prescribed by law. 

Article IV 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, 
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, 
shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon prob- 
able cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de- 
scribing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be 
seized. 

Article V 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise 
infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the 
militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor 
shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in 
jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, 
or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property 
be taken for public use, without just compensation. 

Article VI 
In ail criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to 
a speedy, and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and 
district wherein the crime shall have been committed, whicli dis- 
trict shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be in- 
formed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted 
with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for 
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of 
counsel for his defense. 

Article VII 
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall 
exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved 
and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any 
court of the United States than according to the rules of the 
common law. 



102 North Carolina Manual 

Article VIII 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, 
nor cruel and unual punishments inflicted. 

Article IX 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not 
be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 

Article X 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitu- 
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States 
respectively, or to the people. 

Article XI 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to 
extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted 
against one of the United States, by citizens of another State, or 
by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 

(Proposed to the Legislatures of the several States by the Third 
Congress on the 5th of March, 1794, and declared to have been 
ratified by Executive Proclamation, January 8, 1798.) 

Article XII 

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by 
ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall 
name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in dis- 
tinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all 
persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for 
each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, to 
the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the 
President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, in the 
presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the 
certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person having 
the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, 



Constitution of the United States 103 

if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the per- 
sons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the list of 
those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall 
choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the 
President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall 
consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and 
a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if 
the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, when- 
ever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March next following, then the Vice President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional dis- 
ability of the President. The person having the greatest number of 
votes as Vice President shall be the Vice President, if such number 
be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no 
person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the 
list, the Senate shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Sena- 
tors, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a 
choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of 
President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the. United 
States. 

(Proposed by the Eighth Congress on the 12th of December, 1803, 
declared ratified by the Secretary of State, September 25, 1804. It 
was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Delaware, Massa- 
chusetts, and New Hampshire.) 

Article XIII 

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a pun- 
ishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly con- 
victed, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to 
their jurisdiction. 

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropri- 
ate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Thirty-eighth Congress on the 1st of February 
1865, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, dated Decembei 
18, 1865. It was rejected by Delaware and Kentucky; was condi- 



104 North Carolina Manual 

tionally ratified by Alabama and Mississippi; and Texas took no 
action.) 

Article XIV 

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and sub- 
ject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States 
and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of 
citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any 
person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor 
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States 
according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number 
of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when 
the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for Pres- 
ident and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in 
Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the mem- 
bers of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhab- 
itants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of 
the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participa- 
tion in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male 
citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one 
years of age in such State. 

3. No person shall te a Senator or Representative in Congress, 
or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil 
or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, hav- 
ing previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an 
officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legisla- 
ture, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support 
the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in in- 
surrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to 
the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of 
each House, remove such disability. 

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, author- 
ized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and 
bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall 
not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State 



Constitution of the United States 105 

shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of in- 
surrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for 
the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions, and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate leg- 
islation the provisions of this article. 

(The Reconstruction Amendment, by the Thirty-ninth Congress 
on the 16th day of June, 1866, declared ratified by the Secretary of 
State. July 28, 1868. The amendment got the support of 23 North- 
ern States; it was rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and 
10 Southern States. California took no action. Later it was ratified 
by the 10 Southern States.) 

Article XV 

1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on ac- 
count of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Fortieth Congress the 27th of February, 1869, 
and was declared ratified by the Secretary of State, March 30, 
1870. It was not acted on by Tennessee; it was rejected by Cali- 
fornia, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Oregon; ratified by 
the remaining 30 States. New York rescinded its ratification Jan- 
uary 5, 1870. New Jersey rejected it in 1870, but ratified it in 

1871.) 

Article XVI 

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on in- 
comes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment 
among the several States, and without regard to any census or 
enumeration. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-first Congress, July 12, 1909, and de- 
clared ratified February 25, 1913, The income tax amendment was 
ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsyl- 
vania, Rhode Island, Utah, and Virginia. 

Article XVII 

1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two 
Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six 



106 North Carolina Manual 

years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each 
State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the 
most numerous branch of the State Legislatures. 

2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in 
the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs 
of election to fill such vacancies; Provided, That the Legislature of 
any State may empower the Executive thereof to make temporary 
appointments until the people fill the vacancie*s by election as the 
Legislature may direct. 

3. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the 
election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as 
part of the Constitution. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th day of May, 
1912, and declared ratified May 31, 1913. Adopted by all the States 
except Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah and 
Virginia.) 

Article XVIII 

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manu- 
facture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the 
importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the 
United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof 
for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 

2. The Congress and the Several States shall have concurrent 
power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been rati- 
fied as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures of the 
several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years 
from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Con- 
gress. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress, December 18, 1917, and 
ratified by 36 States; was declared in effect on January 16, 1920.) 

Article XIX 

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be 
denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account 
of sex. 



Constitution of the United States 107 

2. Congress shall have power, by appropriate legislation, to en- 
force the provisions of this article. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress. On August 26, 1920, it 
was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified (June 19, 1919 — 
August 18, 1920) by three-quarters of the States. The Tennessee 
House, August 31st, rescinded its ratification, 47 to 24.) 

Article XX 

1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at 
noon on the 20th day of Januaiy, and the terms of Senators and 
Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January of the years in 
which such terms would have en red if this article had not been 
ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the Pres- 
ident, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect 
shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen 
before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the Presi- 
dent elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect 
shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and 
the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a 
President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, de- 
claring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which 
one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act ac- 
cordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified. 

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of 
any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may 
choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have de- 
volved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the 
persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President when- 
ever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. 

5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October 
following the ratification of this article. 

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been rati- 
fied as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of 
three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of its submission. 



108 North Carolina Manual 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, First Session. On February 6, 
1933, it was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified by thirty- 
nine States.) 

Article XXI 

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the 

United States is hereby repealed. 

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, 
or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of 
intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby 
prohibited. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been rati- 
fied as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the 
several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years 
from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Con- 
gress. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, Second Session. Proclaimed in 
effect on December 5, 1933, having been ratified by thirty-six 
States. By proclamation of the same date, the President proclaimer 
that the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution was repealed: 
on December 5, 1933.) 



PART II 
CENSUS 



POPULATION OF THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Sixteenth Census of the United States: 1940 

Between 1930 and 1940 North Carolina's urban places continued 
to grow faster than the rural areas, according to the final figures 
from the Sixteenth Decennial Census, issued by Director William 
Lane Austin, of the Bureau of the Census, Department of Com- 
merce. 

The final count of the Sixteenth Census showed that on April 1, 
1940, North Carolina had a population of 3,571,623, an increase of 
401,347 over the 3,170,276 residents reported in the 1930 Census. 
This change represents an increase of 12.7 per cent as compared 
with 23.9 per cent between 1920 and 1930. The population increase 
in urban areas from 1930 to 1940 was 20.3 per cent as compared 
with 10.0 per cent in the rural sections. Urban residents accounted 
fo>: 27.3 per cent of the State's population in 1940, as compared 
with 25.5 per cent in 1930. In 1940, residents of urban areas num- 
bered 974,175, while the rural population amounted to 2,597,448. 
The Census Bureau considers as urban areas the incorporated 
places of 2,500 or more. The remaining territory is classified as 
rural. 

There were 26 incorporated places of 10,000 or more in North 
Carolina, 5 (Burlington, Greenville, Hickory, Lexington, and 
Reidsville) having reached this size since 1930. All but one (New 
Bern) of these cities increased between 1930 and 1940, Hickory 
having had the most rapid growth (83.2 per cent). 

Ninety-one of the 100 counties gained population between 1930 
and 1940. Alamance County, with an increase of 36.3 per cent, had 
the most extensive growth. 

The first census of North Carolina was taken in 1790, returning 
a population of 393,751. The population has shown an increase at 
every census since that time, but the rate of increase during the 
past decade was the lowest since that of 1860 to 1870. The popula- 
tion passed 1,000,000 between 1860 and 1870, 2,000,000 between 
1900 and 1910, and 3,000,000 between 1920 and 1930. The present 
population represents a density of 72.7 inhabitants per square 
mile. North Carolina's total land area is 49,142 square miles. 

Table 1 presents the figures for counties and for incorporated 
places of 10,000 or more, and Table 2 for incorporated places of 
less than 10,000. 

[Ill] 



1 \2 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 1. POPULATION OF COUNTIES AND OF INCORPORATED PLACES 
OF 10,000 OR MORE IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1940 



County or Place 



TotStatb 

Urban 

Rural -- 

Per Cent Urban. 

Cocntie8: 

Alamance 

Alexander 

Alleghany 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie ---- 

Bladen... 

Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 

Cumberland 

Currituck 

Dare 

Davidson 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Forsyth. 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 



Population 
1940 



3,571,623 

974,175 

2,597,448 

27.3 



57,427 
13,454 
8,341 
28,443 
22,664 

13,561 
36,431 
26,201 
27,156 
17,125 

108,755 

38.615 

59.393 

35,795 

5,440 

18,284 
20,032 
51,653 
24,726 
18,813 

11,572 
6,405 
58.055 
45,663 
31,298 

59,320 

6,709 

6,041 

53,377 

14,909 

39,739 
80,244 
49,162 
126,475 
30,382 

87,531 
10,060 
6.418 
29.344 
18,548 



County or Place 



Counties— Cont 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett. 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell.. 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

McDowell 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

Mecklenburg.. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery.. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover. 

Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank... 

Pender.. 

Perquimans... 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 
Rowan.. 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 



Population 
1940 



153,916 
56,512 
44,239 
34,804 
26,049 

19,352 
14,937 
7,860 
50,424 
19,366 

63,798 
10,926 
18,743 
41,211 
24,187 

22,996 
15,880 
22,522 
26,111 
151,826 

15,980 
16,280 
30.969 
55,608 
47,935 

28,299 
17,939 
23,072 
9,706 
20,568 

17,710 
9,773 
25,029 
61,244 
11,874 

44,554 
36,810 
76,860 
57,898 
69,206 

45,577 
47,440 
23,232 
32,834 
22,656 



Coujty or Place 



Counties— Cont. 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania.. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Total 

Incorporated 
Places of 10,000 
or More 

Asheville 

Burlington 

Charlotte 

Concord 

Durham 

Elizabeth City. 

Fayetteville 

Gastonia 

Goldsboro 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

Hickory 

High Point 

Kinston 

Lexington 

New Bern 

Raleigh. 

Reidsville 

Rocky Mount.. 
Salisbury 

Shelby 

Statesville 

Thomas ville 

Wilmington 

Wilson... 

Winston-Salem. 



Population 
1940 



41.783 
12,177 
12,241 
5,556 
39,097 

29,961 
109,544 
23,145 
12,323 
18,114 

58,323 
43,003 
50,219 
20,657 
17,202 

3,571,623 



51.310 
12,198 
100,899 
15.572 
60, 195 

1 1 , 564 
17,428 

21,313 
17,274 
59,319 

12,674 
13.4S7 
38,495 
15.3KS 
10,550 

11,815 
46,897 
10.387 
25,568 
19,037 

14,037 
11,440 
11,041 
33,407 
19,234 
79,815 



Population of Cities and Towns 



113 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1940 



City or Town 



2,500 to 10,000 
Albemarle Stanly. 



Asheboro. 
Beaufort. 
Belmont . 



Brevard 

Canton 

Chapel Hill. 
Cherryville. 
Clinton 

Dunn 

Edenton 

Elkin 

Farmville... 
Forest City. 



Graham 

Hamlet 

Henderson 

Hendersonville.. 
Kings Mountain. 

Laurinburg 

Lenoir 

Lincolnton 

Lumberton 

Marion 



Mooresville 

Morehead City. 

Morganton 

Mount Airy 



Mount Olive 

Newton 

North WUkesboro.. 
Oxford 

Roanoke Rapids. ... 

Rockingham 

Roxboro 

Sanford 

Scotland Neck 

Smithfield 



Southern Pines. 

Spencer 

Spindale 

Tarboro 

Valdese 

Wadesboro 

Washington 

Waynes ville 

White ville 

Williamston 



County 



Bessemer City Gaston 



Monroe Union 



Randolph. 
Carteret.. 
Gaston 



4,060 
6,981 
3,272 
4,356 
3,567 

3,061 
5,037 
3,654 
3,225 
3,557 

5,256 
3,835 
2,734 
2,980 
Rutherford 5,035 



Transylvania . 

Haywood 

Orange 

Gaston 

Sampson 

Harnett 

Chowan 

Surry 

Pitt. 



Alamance.. 
Richmond . 

Vance 

Henderson. 
Cleveland . 

Scotland- .. 
Caldwell... 

Lincoln 

Robeson... 
McDowell. 



Anson 

Beaufort.. 
Haywood.. 
Columbus. 
Martin 

1 Returned in 1930 as Keyser. 



Iredell... 
Carteret.. 
Burke. ..- 
Surry 

Wayne... 
Catawba. 
Wilkes... 
Granville. 
Halifax... 



Richmond.. 

Person 

Lee 

Halifax 

Johnston 

Moore 

Rowan 

Rutherford . 
Edgecombe . 
Burke 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



4,339 
5,111 

7,647 
5,381 
6,547 

5,685 
7,598 
4,525 
5,803 
2,889 



475 

fiS2 



City or Town 



Lebs Than 2,500 

Abbottsburg 

Aberdeen 

Acme 

Addor 1 

Advance 



Ahoskie 

Alexander Mills. 

Andre wb 

Angier 

Anson ville 



Apex 

Arapahoe.. 
Archdale.. 
Arlington'. 
Arthur 



Atkinson.. 
Atlantic. -. 
Aulander. . 
Aurora.... 
Autryville. 



Ayden 

Baileys 

Bakers ville. 
Banner Elk. 
Bath 



Battleboro. 

Bayboro... 
Beargrass.. 
Belhaven.. 



Bennett 

Benson 

Benton Heights- 
Bethel 



6 

6 

3,695 

7,670 

6,286 

2,929 
5,407 
4,478 
3,991 
8,545 

3,657 
4,599 
4,960 
2,559 
3,678 

3,225 
3,072 
3,952 
7,148 
2,615 

3,587 
8,569 
2,940 
3,011 
3,966 
5 Incorporated since 1930. 



Beula ville 

Biltmore Forest. 

Biscoe 

Black Creek 



Black Mountain. 
Bladenboro 

Blowing Rock... 

Boiling Springs. . 



Bolivia. 
Bolton. 
Boone.. 
Boonville 



County 



Bladen 

Moore 

Columbus. . 

Moore 

Davie 

Hertford... 
Rutherford . 
Cherokee... 

Harnett 

Anson 

Wake 

Pamlico 

Randolph.. 

Yadkin 

Pitt 



Pender... 
Carteret.. 

Bertie 

Beaufort. 
Sampson. 

Pitt 

Nash 

Mitchell.. 

Avery 

Beaufort. 



(Edgecombe. 

\Nash 

Pamlico 

Martin 

Beaufort — 



Chatham. 
Johnston . 

Union 

Pitt 



Buncombe. 

Bladen 

/Caldwell.. 
\ Watauga.. 

Cleveland . 



Brunswick. 
Columbus. 
Watauga.. 
Yadkin. 



rioonvme isujuu 

Bostic ' Rutherford 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



Duplin 

Buncombe 

Montgomery 

Wilson 



157 
1,076 
196 
123 
186 

2,313 

819 

1,520 

1,028 

519 

977 
307 
1,097 
440 
181 

312 

711 

1,057 

492 

94 

1,884 
645 
437 
344 
380 

270 

428 

114 

2,360 

229 
1,837 

768 
1,333 

567 
476 
843 
333 

1,042 
724 

> 654 

613 

203 
760 
1,788 
406 
226 



114 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1940— Continued 



City or Town 



Less Than 2,500 
— Continued 

Bowdens 

Bridgeton 

Broadway 

Brookford 

Brunswick 

Biyson 

Buie 

Buies Creek _ 

Bunnlevel 

Bunn 

Burgaw 

Burnsville 

Calypso 

Cameron 

Candor 

Carolina Beach 

Carrboro 

Carthage 

Cary 

Cashiers 

Castalia 

Catawba 

Cerro Gordo 

Chad bourn 

Cherry 

China Grove 

Claremont 

Clarkton 

Clayton 

Cleveland 

Clyde 

Coats 

Colerain 

Columbia 

Columbus 

Conetoe 

Conover 

Conway 

Cornelius 

Council 

Cove City 

Creedmoor 

Creswell 

Crossnore 

Crouse 

Culberson 

Dallas 

Davidson 

Deep Run 

Delco 



County 



Duplin 

Craven 

Lee 

Catawba 

Columbus- . _ 

Swain 

Robeson 

Harnett 

Harnett 

Franklin 

Pender 

Yancey 

Duplin 

Moore 

Montgomery. 

New Hanover 

Orange 

Moore 

Wake 

Jackson 

Nash 

Catawba 

Columbus. ... 

Columbus 

Washington.. 

Rowan 

Catawba 

Bladen 

Johnston 

Rowan 

Haywood 

Harnett 

Bertie 

Tyrrell 

Polk 

Edgecombe... 

Catawba 

Northampton. 
Mecklenburg. 
Bladen 

Craven 

Granville 

Washington.. 

Avery 

Lincoln 

Cherokee 

Gaston 

Mecklenburg. 

Lenoir.. 

Columbus 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



220 
616 
338 
910 
227 

1,612 
118 
435 
158 

248 

1,476 
997 
678 
311 
509 

637 
1,455 
1,381 
1,141 

353 

341 

402 

379 

1,576 

108 

1,567 
467 
4S4 

1,711 
506 

516 
827 
307 
1.090 
390 

194 
1,195 

449 

1,195 

73 

371 
640 
459 
266 
221 

98 

1,704 

1,550 

150 

263 



City or Town 



Less Than 2,500 
— Continued 

Dellview 

Denton 

Denver 

Dills boro 

Dobson 

Dover 

Drexel 

Dublin 

Dudley 

Dundarrach 

East Bend 

East Flat Rock.. 
East Laurinburg.. 
East Lumberton . . 
East Spencer 

Edward 

Elizabethtown 

Elk Park 

Ellenboro 

Ellerbe 

Elm City 

Elon College 

Enfield 

Eureka 

Everetts 

Evergreen 

Fair Bluff 

Fairmont 

Faison 

Faith 

Falcon 

Falkland 

Fountain 

Four Oaks 

Franklin 

Franklins ville 

Franklinton 

Fremont.. 

Fuquay Springs... 
Garland 

Garner 

Garysburg 

Gatesville 

Germanton 

Gibson 

GibsonviUe 

Glen Alpine 

Glenwood 

Godwin 



County 



Gaston... 
Davidson. 
Lincoln . . 
Jackson. . 
Surry 

Craven... 
Burke.... 
Bladen.. . 
Wayne... 
Hoke 



Yadkin.... 
Henderson. 
Scotland... 
Robeson... 
Rowan 



Beaufort... 

Bladen 

Avery 

Rutherford . 
Richmond.. 

Wilson 

Alamance.. 

Halifax 

Wayne 

Martin 



Columbus. 
Columbus . 
Robeson... 

Duplin 

Rowan 



Cumberland. . 

Pitt 

Pitt 

Johnston 

Macon 

Randolph 

Franklin 

Wayne 

Wake 

Sampson 



Wake 

Northampton. 

Gates.. 

Stokes 

Scotland 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



'Alamance 

\Guilford 

Burke 

McDowell 

Cumberland I 



8 

677 
254 
290 
520 

623 
8S1 
325 
152 
126 

1,262 
1,103 
890 
1,039 
2,181 

142 
1,123 
467 
471 
693 

946 

494 

2,208 

194 

265 

279 
970 
1.993 
751 
449 

206 
18S 
483 
828 
1,249 

851 
1,273 
1,264 
1,323 

484 

768 
320 
297 
140 
435 

1,753 

665 
176 
123 



Population of Cities and Towns 



115 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1940— Continued 



City or Town 



Less Than 2,500 
— Continued 

Gold Hill 

Gold Point 

Goldston 

Graingers 

Granite Falls 



Granite Quarry. 

Gri/ton 

Grimesland 

Grover 

Halifax 



Hamilton 

Hamilton Lakes. 

Harmony 

Harrellsville 

Hassell 



Hayesville.. 
Haywood . . 
Haaelwood . 

Hemp 1 

Hertford... 



Highlands. 
Hildebran. 
HilUboro.. 
Hobgood . . 
Hoffman.. 



Holly Springs. 

Hooker ton 

Hope Mills 

Hot Springs. . 
Hudson 



Huntersville. 

Icemorlee 

Indian Trail. 
Iron Station . 
Jackson 



Jackson Springs. 

Jacksonville 

James ville 

Jefferson 

Jonesboro 



Jonesville... 

Jupiter 

Kelford.... 
Kenans ville. 
Kenly 



County 



Rowan... 
Martin... 
Chatham. 

Lenoir 

Caldwell. 



Rowan 

Pitt 

Pitt 

Cleveland. 
Halifax... 



Martin... 
Guilford. 
Iredell... 
Hertford. 
Martin... 



Clay 

Chatham... 
Haywood... 

Moore 

Perquimans. 

Macon 

Burke.. 

Orange 

Halifax 

Richmond.. 



Wake 

Greene 

Cumberland. 

Madison 

Caldwell 



Mecklenburg.. 

Union 

Union 

Lincoln 

Northampton. 



Moore. 
Onslow. 
Martin. 
Ashe... 
Lee 



Yadkin.... 
Buncombe. 

Bertie 

Duplin 

Johnston. . 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



249 
142 
416 
120 

1,873 

555 

456 
405 
469 
374 

524 

98 
348 
154 
150 

336 
187 

1,508 
972 

1,959 

569 
357 
1,311 
629 
395 

394 
319 
900 
773 

748 

763 

527 

225 

96 

758 

199 
873 
499 
304 
928 

1,733 

74 

456 

571 

1,095 



City or Town 



Less Than 2,500 
— Continued 

Kerners ville 

Kittrell 

Knightdale 

La Grange. 

Lake Lure 

Lake Waccamaw.. 

Landis 

Lansing 

Lasker 

Lattimore 

Laurel Park 

Lawndale 

Leaksville 

Lewarae 

Lewiston 

Liberty 

Lilesville 

Lillington 

Linden 

Littleton 

Locust 

Longview 

Louisburg 

Lowell 

Lucama 

Lumber Bridge 

McAden ville 

McDonalds 

McFarlan 

Macclesfield 

Macon 

Madison 

Magnolia 

Maiden 

Manly 

Manteo 

Mapleton 

Marble 

Margaretsville 

Marietta 

Marshall 

Mars Hill 

Marshville 

Matthews 



County 



Forsyth 

Vance 

Wake 

Lenoir 

Rutherford. . 

Columbus 

Rowan 

Ashe. 

Northampton 
Cleveland 

Henderson... 

Cleveland 

Rockingham. 

Richmond 

Bertie 

Randolph.. . 

Anson 

Harnett 

Cumberland . 

Halifax 

\ Warren 

Stanly 

Catawba 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Wiison 

Robeson 

Gaston 

Robeson 

Anson 

Edgecombe.. 

Warren 

Rockingham. 

Duplin 

Catawba 

Moore 

Dare 

Hertford 

Cherokee 

Northampton 

Robeson 

Madison 

Madison 

Union 

Mecklenburg. 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



2.103 
184 
352 

1,647 
212 

429 
1,650 
274 
169 
342 



171 

1.006 

1,886 

299 

304 

922 
556 
914 
224 

1,200 

151 

1,489 
2,309 
1,826 

362 
196 
887 
127 
184 

367 
197 

1,683 
730 

1,803 

249 
571 
127 
356 
95 

71 

1,160 

517 

1.007 

481 



: Incorporated since 1930. 



116 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1940— Continued 



City or Town 



Less Than 2,500 
—Continued, 

Maury 

Maxton 

Mayodan 

Maysville 

Mebane 



Merry Oaks. 

Micro 

Middleburg.. 
Middlesex... 



Milton 

Milwaukee 

Mineral Springs. 

Mocksville 

Mooresboro 



Mortimer 

Morven 

Mount Gilead... 

Mount Holly 

Mount Pleasant. 



Murfreesboro. 

Murphy 

Nags Head 

Nashville 

Nebo 



Newland 

New London... 

Newport 

Nev.ton Grove . 
Norlina 



Norman 

NorthlLumberton . 

Norwood 

Oakboro 

Oak City 



Oakley... 
Old Fort. 
Oriental.. 
Ornim... 
Pactolus. 
Palmyra. 



Pantego 

Parkersbjrg. 

Parkton 

Psrmele 

Patterson 

Peachland . . . 



County 



Greene 

Robeson 

Rockingham... 

Jones 

i Alamance 

\Orange 



Chatham. 
Johnston. 
Vance 

Nash 



Caswell 

Northampton. 

Union 

Davie 

Cleveland 



Caldwell 

Anson 

Montgomery 

Gaston 

Cabarrus 



Hertford.. 
Cherokee.. 

Dare 

Nash 

McDowell. 



Avery 

Stanly... 
Carteret.. 
Sampson. 
Warren.. 



Richmond. 
Robeson... 

Stanly 

Stanly 

Martin 



Pitt 

McDowell. 

Pamlico 

Robeson... 

Pitt 

Halifax.... 



Beaufort . 
Sampson . 
Robeson . 
Martin... 
Caldwell . 
Anson 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



274 
1,656 
2,323 

732 

2,060 



157 
289 
181 
545 

329 

291 

89 

1,607 

296 

42 

602 

915 

2,055 

1,017 

1,550 

1,873 

45 

1,171 

235 

471 

243 
480 
339 
794 

327 
452 
1,515 
503 
512 

27 
774 
535 
173 
369 

93 

294 
105 
441 
417 
158 
390 



City or Town 



Less Than 2,500 
—Continued 

Pembroke 

Pikeville 

Pilot Mountain 

Pinebluff 

Pine Level 

Pinetops 



Pinetown.. 
Pineville.. 
Pink Hill.. 
Pittsboro.. 
Plymouth. 



Polkton 

Polloksville. 
Powells ville. 
Princeton... 
Princeville.. 



Proetorville.. 

Raeford 

Ramseur 

Randleman.. 
Red Springs . 



Rennert.. 

Rhodhiss. 



Richfield.. 
Richlands. 



Rich Square.. 
Roaring Gap.. 
Robbinsville.. 
Roberdel..... 
Robe rson ville. 

Rockwell 

Rocky Point. . 

Ronda 

Roper 

Roseboro 



Rose Hill 

Rosman 

Rowland 

Roxobel 

Royal Cotton Mills. 



Rjth' 

Rutherford ton. 

Saint Pauls 

Salem burg 

Saluda 

Saratoga 1 



County 



Robeson 

Wayne 

Surry 

Moore 

Johnston 

Edgecombe. 



Beaufort 

Mecklenburg... 

Lenoir 

Chatham 

Washington 



Anson 

Jones 

Bertie 

Johnston 

Edgecombe. .. 



Robeson.. 

Hoke 

Randolph. 
Randolph. 
Robesen.. 



Robeson. 
Burke... 
Caldwell. 
Stanly... 
Onslow.. 



Northampton. 

Alleghany 

Graham 

Richmond 

Martin 



Rowan 

Pender 

Wilkes 

Washington. 
Sampson 



Duplin 

Transylvania. 

Robeson 

Bertie 

Wake 



Rutherford. 
Rutherford . 

Robeson 

Sampson 

Polk 

Wilson 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



2 Incorporated since 1930. 



1 Name changed from Hampton in 1930. 



Population of Cities and Towns 



117 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1940— Continued 



City or Town 



Less Than 2,500 
— Continued 

Seaboard 

Seagrove 

Selmx 

Severn 

Shallotte City 



Sharpsburg. 



Shelmerdine. 
Sito City.... 



Simpson 

Sims 

Smithtown... 
Snow Hill... 
South Creek. 



South Mills 

Southport 

South Wadesboro. 

Sparta 

Speed , 



Spring Hope.. 
Spruce Pine... 

Staley 

Stanley 

Stantonsburg. 



Star 

Stedman.. 

Stem 

Stokes.... 
Stoneville. 



Stonewall 

Stovall 

Swanquarter. 
Swansboro... 
Sylva 



Tabor 

Taylorsville. 
Teacheys... 

Todd. 



Townsville. 

Trenton 

Trinity 

Trout man . 
Troy 



County 



Northampton. 

Randolph 

Johnston 

Northampton. 
Brunswick 



(Edgecombe. 
Nash 
Wilson 

Pitt 

Chatham... 



Pitt 

Wilson... 
Yadkin- 
Greene... 
Beaufort. 



Camden 

Brunswick.. 

Anson 

Alleghany. . 
Edgecombe . 



Nash 

Mitchell- 
Randolph. 

Gaston 

Wilson.... 



Montgomery. 
Cumberland. 

Granville ' 

Pitt 

Rockingham. 



Pamlico.. 
Granville. 
Hyde.... 
Onslow... 
Jackson.. 



Columbus . 

Alexander. 

Duplin 

(Ashe 

\ Watauga.. 



Vance 

Jones 

Randolph 

Iredell 

Montgomery. 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



662 
316 
2,007 
323 
381 



345 

76 
2,197 

298 
173 
162 
928 
152 

479 
1,760 
502 
648 
127 

1,222 
1,968 

255 
1,036 

595 

611 

356 
.218 
216 
615 

261 
415 
271 
454 
1,409 

1,552 

1,122 

228 

136 

221 
431 
975 
666 
1,861 



City or Town 



Less Tban 2,500 
— Continued 

Tryon 

Turkey 

Union 

Union ville 

Vance boro 

Vandcmere 

Vass 

Vaughan 

Waco 

Wade 

Wagram 

Wake Forest 

Wallace 

Walnut Cove 

Walstonburg 

Warrensville* 

Warrenton 

Warsaw 

Washington Park 

Watha 

Waxhaw 

Weaverville 

Webster 

Weldon... 

Wendell 

West Jefferson 

Whitakers 

Whitehall 

Wilkesboro 

Wilson Mills 

Windsor 

Winfall 

Wingate. 

Winterville 

Winton 

Wood 

Woodland 

Wood ville 

Wrightsville Beach .. 

Yadkin College 

Yadkinville 

Youns ville 

Zebulon. 



County 



Polk 

Sampson 

Hertford 

Union 

Craven 

Pamlico 

Moore 

Warren 

Cleveland 

Cumberland.. 

Scotland 

Wake 

Duplin 

Stokes 

Greene 

Ashe 

Warren 

Duplin 

Beaufort 

Pender 

Union 

Buncombe 

Jackson 

Halifax 

Wake 

Ashe 

Edgecombe... 

Nash 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Johnston 

Bertie 

Perquimans.. 

Union 

Pitt 

Hertford 

Franklin 

Northampton 

Bertie 

New Hanover 

Davidson 

Yadkin 

Franklin 

Wake 



Popula- 
tion 
1940 



2,043 
188 
306 
144 
826 

436 
728 
218 
281 
380 

388 
1,562 
1,050 
1,084 

198 



150 

1,147 

1,483 

295 

214 

611 

880 

84 

2,341 

1,132 

883 
883 

170 

1,309 

436 

1,747 

160 

541 

848 

733 

173 
486 
426 
252 



734 

553 

1,070 



J Incorporated since 1930. 



PART III 
POLITICAL 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Chapter 3, Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, 
Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, 
Tyrrell, Washington. 

Second District — Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax, Lenoir, 
Northampton, Warren, Wilson. 

Third District — Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Pam- 
lico, Pender, Sampson, Wayne. 

Fourth District — Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, Nash, Randolph, 
Vance, Wake. 

Fifth District — Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, Rocking- 
ham, Stokes, Surry. 

Sixth District — Alamance, Durham, Guilford, Orange. 

Seventh District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, 
Harnett, New Hanover, Robeson. 

Eighth District — Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, Montgom- 
ery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Ninth District — Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabarrus, Cald- 
well, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly, Watauga. 

Tenth District — Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, 
Mitchell. 

Eleventh District — McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Cleveland, Gas- 
ton, Madison, Yancey. 

Twelfth District* — Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Hay- 
wood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain, Transylvania. 



JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Eastern Division 
First District — Camden, Gates, Currituck, Chowan, Pasquotank. 
Beaufort, Hyde, Dare, Perquimans, Tyrrell. 

Second District — Nash, Wilson, Edgecombe, Martin, Washington, 



Created by 1941 General Assembly. 

[121] 



122 North Carolina Manual 

Third District — Bertie, Hertford, Northampton, Halifax, War- 
ren, Vance. 

Fourth District — Lee, Chatham, Johnston, Wayne, Harnett. 

Fifth District — Pitt, Craven, Carteret, Pamlico, Jones, Greene. 

Sixth District — Onslow, Duplin, Sampson, Lenoir. 

Seventh District — Wake, Franklin. 

Eighth District — Brunswick, Columbus, New Hanover, Pendei\ 

Ninth District — Robeson, Bladen, Hoke, Cumberland. 

Tenth District — Granville, Person, Alamance, Durham, Orange. 

Western Division 

Eleventh District — Ashe, Forsyth, Alleghany. 

Twelfth District — Davidson, Guilford. 

Thirteenth District — Richmond, Stanly, Union, Moore, Anson, 
Scotland. 

Fourteenth District — Mecklenburg, Gaston. 

Fifteenth District — Alexander, Montgomery, Randolph, Iredell, 
Cabarrus, Rowan. 

Sixteenth District — Catawba, Lincoln, Cleveland, Burke, Cald- 
well, Watauga. 

Seventeenth District — Avery, Davie, Mitchell, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Eighteenth District — McDowell, Transylvania, Yancey, Ruther- 
ford, Henderson, Polk. 

Nineteenth District — Buncombe, Madison. 

Twentieth District — Haywood, Swain, Cherokee, Macon, Graham, 
Cley, Jackson. 

Twenty-first District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 

APPORTIONMENT OF SENATORS BY DISTRICTS IN 

ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1940 AND 

THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 225, Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hert- 
ford, Pasquotank and Perquimans counties shall elect two senators. 



District Divisions 123 

Second District — Beaufort, Dare, Hyde Martin, Pamlico, Tyrrell 
and Washington shall elect two senators. 

Third District — Northampton, Vance and Warren shall elect one 
senator. 

Fourth District — Edgecombe and Halifax shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Fifth District — Pitt shall elect one senator. 

Sixth District — Franklin, Nash and Wilson shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Seventh District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Lenoir and 
Onslow shall elect two senators. 

Eighth District — Johnston and Wayne shall elect two senators. 

Ninth District — Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson 
shall elect two senators. 

Tenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and Cumberland 
shall elect two senators. 

Eleventh District — Robeson shall elect one senator. 

Twelfth District — Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Randolph shall elect 
two senators. 

Thirteenth District — Chatham, Lee and Wake shall elect two 
senators. 

Fourteenth District — Durham, Granville and Person shall elect 
two senators. 

Fifteenth District — Caswell and Rockingham shall elect one sen- 
ator. 

Sixteenth District — Alamance and Orange shall elect one sena- 
tor. 

Seventeenth District — Guilford shall elect one senator. 

Eighteenth District — Davidson, Montgomery, Richmond and 
Scotland shall elect two senators. 

Nineteenth District — Anson, Stanly and Union shall elect two 
senators. 

Twentieth District — Mecklenburg shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-first District — Cabarrus and Rowan shall elect two sen- 
ators. 

Twenty-second District — Forsyth shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-third District — Stokes and Surry shall elect one senator. 



124 North Carolina Manual 

Twenty- fourth District — Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin shall elect 
one senator. 

Twenty-fifth District — Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln shall elect 
two senators. 
Twenty-sixth District — Gaston shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-seventh District — Cleveland, McDowell and Rutherford 
shall elect two senators 

Twenty-eighth District — Alexander, Burke and Caldwell shall 
elect one senator. 

Twenty-ninth District — Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirtieth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell and Yancey shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirty-first District — Buncombe shall elect one senator. 

Thirty-second District — Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Polk and 
Transylvania shall elect two senators. 

Thirty-third District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Macon and 
Swain shall elect one senator. 



APPORTIONMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 

REPRESENTATIVES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE 

CENSUS OF 1940 AND THE CONSTITUTION 



No. of 

County Reps. 

Alamance 1 

Alexander 1 

Alleghany 1 

Anson 1 

Ashe 1 

Avery 1 

Beaufort 1 

Bertie 1 

Bladen 1 

Brunswick 1 

Buncombe 3 

Burke 1 

Cabarrus 2 

Caldwell 1 

Camden 1 

Carteret 1 

Caswell 1 

Catawba 1 

Chatham _ 1 

Cherokee 1 

Chowan 1 

Clay 1 

Cleveland 1 

Columbus 1 

Craven 1 

Cumberland 2 

Currituck 1 

Dare 1 

Davidson 1 

Davie 1 

Duplin 1 

Durham 2 

Edgecombe 1 

Forsyth 3 



(Chapter 112, Public Laws 

No. of 



1941) 



County Reps. 

Franklin 1 

Gaston 2 

Gates 1 

Graham 1 

Granville 1 

Greene 1 

Guilford 4 

Halifax 1 

Harnett 1 

Haywood 1 

Henderson 1 

Hertford 1 

Hoke 1 

Hyde 1 

Iredell 1 

Jackson 1 

Johnston 2 

Jones 1 

Lee 1 

Lenoir 1 

Lincoln 1 

Macon _ 1 

Madison 1 

Martin 1 

McDowell 1 

Mecklenburg 4 

Mitchell 1 

Montgomery 1 

Moore 1 

Nash 1 

New Hanover 1 

Northampton 1 

Onslow 1 

Orange 1 



County 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union _ 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 



No. of 

Reps. 



[125] 



STATE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM FOR 1946 

The delegates of this convention, representing the Democratic 
voters of the one hundred counties, adopt the following declaration 
as the Platform of the Democratic Party of North Carolina for 
1946: 

National Affairs 

Since the Democratic party of North Carolina assembled in con- 
vention here two years ago, the nation has been bereft of the 
leadership of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Stricken on the eve of 
the Allied victory over Germany and at the moment when our 
arms were winning shattering victories in the Pacific, he now be- 
longs to history. 

We cherish his memory as that of a great Democrat who led his 
party to vast power and achievement, of a great American who 
carried the republic through its gravest crisis in modern times and 
of a great citizen of the world who labored prodigiously and fruit- 
fully for international righteousness and peace. 

To his successor, Harry S. Truman, we send our greetings and 
our expressions of loyalty, and pledge to him our unqualified sup- 
port. Called to the leadership of the nation at a crucial moment, 
he has dealt firmly and wisely with the many difficult problems 
which his Administration has been called upon to meet and master. 

We especially commend President Truman's foreign policy. He 
is continuing the indispensable task of international leadership 
and cooperation to which Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roose- 
velt committed the Democratic party. 

If anothei global war within the next generation is to be averted 
and the good order and prosperity of the world assured, the 
United States must exert its immeasurable power and prestige in 
sustaining and strengthening the United Nations, in preventing 
mass starvation in other lands and in promotig the ecoomic re- 
covery of those ations that exhausted themselves in the common 
perils and the common objectives of a common war. The fruits of 
economic nationalism and political isolation are world depressions 
and world wars. 

We rejoice in the highly merited recognition and the larger op- 
portunities for national service which have come to two distin- 

[126] 



Democratic Platform 127 

guished North Carolina Democrats, Undersecretary of the Treas- 
ury O. Max Gardner and Undersecretary of War Kenneth C. 
Royall. 

Congress 

No state is represented in the Congress of the United States by 
a more intelligent, public-spirited delegation than North Carolina. 
Through sincere and enlightened devotion to their duties, the Sen- 
ators and Representatives from this state have achieved high rank 
for themselves and are reflecting much credit on North Carolina, 
We commend the records of patriotic accomplishment which they 
have made. 

State Administration 

We endorse enthusiastically and unreservedly the capable and 
incorruptible administration which Governor R, Gregg Cherry has 
given to the State's affairs. To his post he has brought the un- 
rivalled knowledge of the State's needs gained through many years 
of public service and a genuine devotion to the public weal. Under 
his firm and far-sighted leadership, North Carolina has forged 
steadily ahead, enlarging its services to the people and strengthen- 
ing its reputation as one of the most progressive states in the 
Union. His own interests and labors have been rendered more pro- 
ductive by the cooperation which he has uniformly received from 
the General Assembly and from the other state officials. 

General Assembly 

We praise the truly notable achievements of the General Assem- 
bly. Meeting under the dark shadows of the war, the members 
addressed themselves diligently and wisely to the urgent tasks. 
Practicing the caution for which the war conditions called, they 
provided out of the accumulated surplus for the retirement of the 
general fund debt, set aside a reserve of $20,000,000 for post-war 
emergencies and betterments, made merited increases in appropri- 
ations for vital state functions and passed such legislation as was 
required to insure the maximum participation by North Carolina 
in the national war effort. 

Finances 

The fiscal condition of the State of North Carolina is sound: 
it must be kept sound. Governmental prodigality is the twin evil 



128 North Carolina Manual 

of governmental parsimony. The budget must be kept balanced. 
The costs of government should never exceed the obvious capacity 
of the people to pay. 

But the State of North Carolina must go ahead, meeting the 
changing needs of a changing day with expanding services. Bet- 
terments and additions at state institutions which were rendered 
impossible by war conditions must be provided. Certain indispensa- 
ble functions of the state government must be enlarged. The war 
has bequeathed many new problems and intensified many old 
problems. The State of North Carolina must be equipped to render 
the larger measure of service demanded of it by the people. 

The Democratic party of North Carolina pledges a continuation 
of a financially prudent and economically progressive government. 

Veterans 

To the men and women of North Carolina who served or are 
still serving in the armed forces, we pledge every practical service 
and every proper consideration which a grateful state can provide. 
The State of North Carolina is cooperating fully with the federal 
program and this collaboration will be rendered increasingly ef- 
fective. We especially promise that the State of North Carolina 
will use its utmost resources in seeing to it that no qualified North 
Carolina veteran is denied his educational opportunity because 
present facilities at existing institutions are inadequate. 

State Teachers and Employees 

The Retirement System for Teachers and State Employes does 
not provide sufficient income for the retired employes. Living costs 
have increased since the system was instituted. The contributions 
made by the employes should be substantially increased with a 
commensurate increase in the contributions made by the state. 

Since the General Assembly of 1945 adjourned, there have been 
further increases in living costs and present indications point to 
additional increases. The General Assembly of 1947 should make 
such increases in the compensations of state teachers and em- 
ployes as conditions prevailing in early 1947 show to be equitable 
and deserving. The State of North Carolina must be an enlightened 
and just employer, dealing fairly with its own employes. 



Democratic Platform 129 



Education 



The most expensive and the most beneficient enterprise of the 
State of North Carolina is its school system. Upon it, the State is 
spending this year approximately $45,000,000. It touches every 
home in this state where there are children. 

Much progress has been made in recent years. The term has 
been lengthened to nine months. The number of grades has been 
increased to twelve. The quality of instruction has been improved. 
The salaries of the teachers have been increased. 

We pledge to the school system the continued interest and sup- 
port of the Democratic party. There must be still further progress. 
We covet for our children the best educational system in the 
nation. As our increasing wealth makes possible, we must enlarge 
our financial support of the state school system. 

Child Health 

The pattern of health is fixed in childhood and the neglect of 
youth becomes the disability of the adult and the burden of the 
state. Much of the money which the state is spending on its school 
system is being wasted because uncounted thousands of the school 
children have physical defects which prevent them from deriving 
the fullest benefit from the instruction offered. 

At the earliest practical moment, the State of North Carolina 
should institute a comprehensive and effective school health pro- 
gram that will reach into every school house, however remote, in 
the state and that will insure to every school child, however poor, 
that his physical defects are detected and corrected. Such a pro- 
gram will mean a healthier citizenship and a reduced dependency 
load a generation hence and will provide the most genuine equali- 
zation of educational opportunity. 

To such a program we pledge the earnest support of the Demo- 
cratic party of North Carolina. 

Highways 

During the war emergency the construction of new highways 
in North Carolina was virtually suspended and adequate mainte- 
nance could not be provided for existing roads. 



130 North Carolina Manual 

Secondary roads in the state should have preferential attention. 
They are vital to the economic and social and educational life of 
the state. They will receive preferential attention. 

The funds are in hand for a large-scale road-building and road- 
repair program. As rapidly as materials and manpower make 
possible, these funds will be spent in improving the secondary 
roads and in building such new highways as are dictated by a wise 
state highway program. When additional funds are required, they 
will be provided. 

Health 

North Carolina has a most efficient Health Department and ef- 
fective laws to safeguard the public health. We approve further 
expansion in the public health activities of the State government. 

We endorse the progressive action of the 1945 General Assembly 
in setting up the machinery providing for a State-wide medical 
care and hospital program for the people of North Carolina, which 
includes assistance by the State in the construction of regional 
hospitals and health centers; a medical student loan fund and 
medical training for Negroes; expansion of the two-year Medical 
School of the University of North Carolina into a standard four- 
year Medical School with adequate hospital facilities; and State 
contributions for indigent patients of all races who may require 
hospitalization. 

This program must be supported and developed. 

We commend the action of the 1945 General Assembly in giving 
priority to construction of additional facilities for feeble-minded 
children and for the initiation of a program to care for spastic 
children. We applaud the more generous provision which it made 
for the mentally ill and endorse increased support for the state 
hospitals. 

Agriculture 

Agriculture is a basic industry in North Carolina. When it lan- 
guishes, the prosperity of the entire state languishes. Any practi- 
cal measure that will add to the convenience and prosperity of 
rural life in North Carolina is unmistakably in the public interest 
and deserves and will receive the earnest and effective support of 
the Democratic party. We particularly endorse better schools, bet- 
ter secondary roads, further extension of rural electrification, the 



Democratic Platform 131 

encouragement of farm ownership and a generously supported De- 
partment of Agriculture as agencies by which farm life in North 
Carolina can be made more prosperous and more attractive. 

Labor 

The worker in North Carolina is protected by progressive laws 
which are fairly and effectively enforced by an alert and compe- 
tent Department of Labor. We pledge to the just aspirations of 
labor the continued friendship of the Democratic party. 

Industries 

North Carolina is entering the era of its greatest industi'ial 
progress. New enterprises of a highly desirable character are being 
attracted to the state. Industries are being established with local 
capital and local management. We commend the effective interest 
of the Cherry Administration in promoting the industrial progress 
of the state. We endorse with particular vigor the movement look- 
ing to the establishment of industries in rural communities. 

Conservation and Development 

North Carolina is richly endowed with natural resources. Wise 
state policy calls for their protection against selfish spoilation and 
for their constructive use in serving the needs of the people. 

We commend what the State Department of Conservation and 
Development is doing to promote the sound utilization of our nat- 
ural resources and to prevent unwise exploitation. There must be 
further expansion in the indispensable activities of this state 
agency. 

The State is not now making adequate provisions for the exist- 
ing state parks and for the establishment of new state parks. We 
endorse more generous support of the state park system which can 
contribute so substantially to the hearth and happiness of the 
people. 

The State of North Carolina has a material financial interest in 
the travel industry. Money spent to attract tourists to North Caro- 
lina is returned many-fold in gasoline and sales tax revenues and 
in increased patronage for thousands of business establishments. 



132 North Carolina Manual 

The travel industry deserves the fullest support of the State. Flood 
control, reforestation and power development should be encour- 
aged in the state. 

Public Welfare 

Postwar changes are making inescapable more service in the 
field of social welfare. Adequate financial assistance must be pro- 
vided for those persons who are unable to support themselves. The 
state has no more imperious duty than its responsibility to the 
needy, the underprivileged and the disabled. 

We endorse the work of the Commission to Study Domestic Re- 
lations Laws. From its studies will emerge the major suggestions 
for improvement in the North Carolina statutes, dealing with so- 
cial legislation, including family relationships. We urge serious 
and sympathetic consideration of the Commission's proposals by 
the General Assembly and the people of the State. 

General 

There are many institutions and activities, governmental and 
non-governmental, which contribute to the strength and spirit of 
North Carolina. To all agencies which are laboring for a better 
North Carolina, we pledge our unfaltering support. Between them 
and the State there should be that cooperation which make more 
productive the efforts of all. Through the State Planning Board 
North Carolina is undertaking to coordinate the activities of these 
agencies and organizations and to plan the well-rounded growth 
of the State. 

The Democratic party is the party of progress in North Carolina. 
In the nearly one-half century of undisputed power in this state, 
it has brought unceasing advance to North Carolina in every field 
of worthwhile activity. It has lifted North Carolina to a high 
place among the states of the Union. 

Upon the record of achievement which it has made and upon 
the promises of this platform, it seeks the continued support of 
the people of North Carolina. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC PARTY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 

State and District Committees 

Section 1. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall con- 
sist of nine men and nine women from each congressional district 
in the State, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of 
delegates from the congressional districts, held on the morning of 
the State Convention as provided in Section 29 hereof; provided, 
however, that every county shall have at least one member on the 
Committee. 

Sec. 2. As early as is practicable after each state convention, 
the Chairman shall call the State Democratic Executive Committee 
to meet for the purpose of electing a chairman and a vice chair- 
man, one of whom shall be a woman, and each of whom shall serve 
for a term of two years, and until his or her successor shall be 
elected. 

Sec. 3. The Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, as early as practicable after his election, shall appoint his 
advisory or campaign committee, consisting of not less than five 
nor more than twenty, and a secretary of the State Democratic 
Executive Committee. 

Sec. 4. The Congressional Democratic Executive Committee for 
each congressional district in the State shall consist of two mem-' 
bers from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the 
preliminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts 
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Section 
29 hereof; provided, however, that in any congressional district 
embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of 
three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 5. The Judicial Democratic Executive Committee for each 
judicial district in the State shall consist of two members from 
each county in said district, who shall be elected at the prelimi- 
nary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held 
on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Section 29 
hereof; provided, however that in any judicial district embracing 
less than five counties, the committee shall consist of three mem- 
bers from each county in the district. 

[ 133 ] 



134 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 5-A. The Solicitorial Democratic Executive Committee for 
each solicitorial district in the State shall consist of two members 
from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the pre- 
liminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts 
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec- 
tion 29 hereof; provided, however that in any solicitorial district 
embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of 
three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 6. The State Senatorial Executive Committee for each sen- 
atorial district in the State which comprises more than one county 
shall consist of one member from each county in said district, who 
shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of delegates from the 
congressional districts held on the morning of the State Convention 
as provided by Section 29 hereof. In districts composed of only one 
county, the county democratic executive committee of said county 
shall have jurisdiction as in the matter of county candidates. 

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, as soon as practicable after the State 
Convention, to designate one member as chairman and one mem- 
ber as secretary of each of the executive committees provided for 
in each of the foregoing four sections. The State Chairman shall 
notify the members so selected of their appointment, and in case 
any member shall fail or decline to accept such appointment, he 
shall appoint some other member in his stead. 

Sec. 8. All democratic executive committees shall meet at such 
times and places as the chairman of the respective committees 
may appoint and designate in the call. If for any reason there 
should occur a vacancy in the chairmanship of any executive com- 
mittee, or if such chairman should be incapacitated or should fail 
or refuse to act, the secretary shall call a meeting of said execu- 
tive committee for the purpose of electing a successor to the said 
chairman. If no meeting shall be called within five days after such 
vacancy occurs, then any other officer of said executive committee, 
or any three members thereof, may call a meeting to fill said va- 
cancy; provided, however, if such vacancy shall be in a state sena- 
torial executive committee, in that event, any member thereof, 
after said vacancy shall have existed for five days, may call a 
meeting to fill such vacancy. 

Sec. 9. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall have 



Plan of Organization 135 

the power to fill all vacancies occurring in said committee; vacan- 
cies occurring- in congressional, judicial, and senatorial commit- 
tees shall be filled by the executive committee of the county in 
which such vacancies occur; precinct committees shall fill all va- 
cancies occurring in their respective committee. 

Sec. 10. All officers of the State Executive Committee and the 
National Committeeman and the National Committeewoman from 
the State and the President of the Young Democratic Clubs of 
the State shall be ex-officio members of the Committee with the 
power to vote. 

Sec. 11. All executive committees shall have the power to ap- 
point subcommittees or special committees for such purposes and 
with such powers, in their respective jurisdictions, as may be 
deemed necessary or desirable. 

Sec. 12. In each election year the Chairman of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee shall convene said Committee in the 
City of Raleigh on or before the 10th day of March, and at said 
meeting the following business shall be transacted: 

(a) The time and place of holding the State Convention shall 
be determined and duly published. 

(b) A common day shall be fixed, on which all precinct meet- 
ings shall be held for the election of delegates to the county con- 
ventions. 

(c) A common day shall be fixed for the holding of a county 
convention in each county in the State for the purpose of electing 
delegates to the State Convention. 

Sec. 13. Immediately after the adjournment of the aforesaid 
meeting of the State Democratic Executive Committee, it shall be 
the duty of the chairman to publish the proceedings of the same, 
and it shall be the duty of the secretary of the committee to notify, 
in writing, the several chairmen of the county democratic execu- 
tive committees in the State of the respective dates so fixed for 
the holding of precinct meetings and county conventions. Directly 
after receipt of such notice, it shall be the duty of each chairman 
of a county democratic executive committee in the State to fix the 
hour and places for holding the precinct meetings in his county, 
the hour and place for holding the county convention, and the hour 
and place for holding the meeting of the county democratic exec- 
utive committee required by the provisions of Section 20 to be held 



13G North Carolina Manual 

on the day of the county convention; and thei-eupon the said 
chairman shall issue a call for the precinct meetings, the county 
convention, and the meeting of the county democratic executive 
committee. The call shall be in writing and, at least ten days be- 
fore the day set for the precinct meetings, it shall be posted at 
the courthouse door of the county and copies thereof shall be sent 
to the chairmen of all precinct committees in the county; a copy 
of the call also shall be sent as a news item to each newspaper 
published in the county. 

County and Precinct Organization 

Sec. 14. The unit of county organization shall be the voting pre- 
cinct. In each precinct there shall be an executive committee con- 
sisting of five active Democrats, at least two of whom shall be 
women, who shall be elected by the Democratic voters at the pre- 
cinct meeting called by the chairman of the county democratic 
executive committee as provided in this plan of organization. The 
precinct committee so elected shall elect from its membership a 
chairman and a vice chairman, one of whom shall be a woman. 

Sec. 15. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the 
chairman of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice 
chairman of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of 
both the chairman and the vice chairman, any member of the com- 
mittee may preside. 

Sec. 16. At the said precinct meeting, the Democratic voters in 
attendance shall elect delegates and alternates to represent the 
precinct in the county convention; and said delegates or alternates, 
or such of them as shall attend the county convention, shall be 
entitled to vote the full democratic strength of their precinct upon 
all cmestions, nominations, or elections which may come before the 
county convention. The chairman, or presiding officer, and the 
secretary of the precinct meeting shall certify to the county con- 
vention the names of the delegates and alternates selected at the 
meeting. 

Sec. 17. Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county 
convention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote 
for fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for 
Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election: provided 
that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in 



Plan of Organization 137 

the county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many 
delegates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
relegates and three alternates for each vote to which said precinct 
may be entitled in the county convention. 

Sec. 18. At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall be 
taken on the different questions, nominations, and elections antici- 
pated to come before the county convention, and in that event, 
the chairman or presiding officer and the secretary of the precinct 
meeting shall certify to the county convention the vote so cast, and 
the relative vote as fixed in the precinct meeting shall not be 
changed in the county convention, except by two-thirds vote of the 
entire unit of delegates desiring to change its vote. 

Sec. 19. In case there shall be a failure to hold a precinct meet- 
ing in pursuance of the call of the chairman of the county demo- 
cratic executive committee, or if at any meeting there shall be a 
failure to elect delegates to the county convention, in either event, 
the precinct democratic executive committee shall appoint the dele- 
gates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the precinct. 

Sec. 20. The chairman of the several precinct committees shall 
compose the County Democratic Exeiutive Committee, which shall 
meet on the same day as the county convention first held in each 
election year, the meeting to be held either before or after the 
convention at an hour and place to be designated in the call issued 
in pursuance of Section 13 hereof. At said meeting a chairman 
of said county executive committee shall be elected. Immediately 
after the election of the chairman, the committee shall elect one 
or more, but not exceeding three, vfce chairmen, and also a secre- 
tary. If more than one vice chairman shall be elected, the order 
of their succession shall be designated by title, e.g., first vice 
chairman, second vice chairman, third vice chairman. Either the 
chairman or the first vice chairman shall be a woman. The chair- 
man, vice chairman or vice chairmen, or secretary need not be 
members of the County Democratic Executive Committee, but all 
of the said officers shall be ex-officio members of the committee, 
with the power to vote. If for any reason there should occur any 
vacancy in the chairmanship of a county executive committee, by 
death, resignation, or removal, or if such chairman should be 
incapacitated or should fail or refuse to act, then the vice chair- 
man or vice chairmen, in their order of succession, and thereafter 



138 North Carolina Manual 

the secretary, shall, in such order of succession, be vested with 
the full authority and power of the chairman until such time as 
said county executive committee has met and duly elected a suc- 
cessor to such chairman. A majority of said precinct chairmen, in 
person or by proxy in the person of some active Democrat of the 
precinct in which an absent chairman resides, shall constitute a 
quorum. The county executive committee may appoint a central 
committee of five who shall act in its stead when the county exec- 
utive committee is not in session. 

Sec. 21. In case there shall be a failure to elect any precinct 
executive committee prior to the day of the county convention, the 
county democratic executive committee at its meeting held on the 
day of the said convention shall appoint the committee for such 
precinct. 

Sec. 22. The county executive committee shall have power to 
make any rules with regard to holding precinct meetinps which 
it may deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in 
this plan ; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and 
furnish all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from 
said precinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals 
therefrom; and it shall have the power to raise the funds neces- 
sary to pay the expenses thereof. 

Sec. 23. All county conventions shall be called to order by the 
chairman of the executive committee of such county, and in his 
absence, by the vice chairman or by one of the vice chairmen in 
the order of succession set out in Section 20 hereof, and in his or 
their absence, by any member of the county executive committee 
who may be present at the convention, and in case none of the 
foregoing persons shall be present, then by any delegate to the 
convention, and he shall preside until a permanent chairman is 
elected by the convention. 

Sec. 24. The chairman shall provide the convention with a suf- 
ficient number of secretaries or ready accountants, who shall re- 
duce the votes to decimals and tabulate the same, disregarding all 
fractions after the second or hundredth column. 

Sec. 25. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the convention 
from making nomination by viva voce or acclamation where a 



Plan of Organization 139 

vote by township or precinct is not demanded by any Democratic 
elector present. 

Sec. 26. The county democratic executive committee shall have 
the power to make such other rules and regulations for the holding 
of county conventions not inconsistent herewith, as may be deemed 
necessary or expedient. 

Sec. 27. Any chairman of a county executive committee who 
announces his candidacy for an elective office in the primary shall 
resign immediately as such chairman and the vacancy shall be 
filled as heretofore provided; but any chairman who shall so resign 
may be reelected to such chairmanship if and when a vacancy oc- 
curs after the primary. 

State Convention Rules 

Sec. 28. The state convention shall be composed of delegates 
appointed by the several county conventions. Each county in the 
State shall be entitled to elect to the state convention one delegate 
and one alternate for every 150 Democratic votes and one dele- 
gate and one alternate for fractions over 75 Democratic votes 

cast therein for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial 
election. 

Sec. 29. A preliminary meeting of the delegates shall be held by 
each congressional district on the morning of the state convention, 
at rooms to be designated by the State Executive Committee, for 
the purpose of selecting the following committees and officers of 
the convention : 

1. One member of the committee on Resolutions and Platform. 

2. One member of the committee on Permanent Organization, 
Rules, and Order of Business, which committee will nominate a 
permanent president and secretaiy of the convention. 

3. One vice president of the convention. 

4. One district assistant secretary. 

5. One member of the committee on Credentials and Appeals. 

6. Nine men and nine women as members of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, with at least one member being se- 
lected from each county. 

7. Two members from each county for the congressional, judi- 
cial, and solicitorial district democratic executive committees; 
provided, however, in districts embracing less than five counties, 



140 North Carolina Manual 

three members of each said committee shall be elected from each 
county in said district. 

8. One member for each county of the State Senatorial Execu- 
tive Committee where the district embraces more than one county. 

Sec. 30. Such delegates (or alternates of absent delegates) as 
may be present at any democratic convention shall be allowed 
to cast the whole vote to which their precinct or county may be 
entitled. 

Sec. 31. In all conventions provided for by his plan, after a vote 
is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until the final result 
of the t allot shall be announced by the chairman of said conven- 
tion. 

Sec. 32. The chairman of the different county conventions shall 
certify the list o? delegates and alternates to the State Convention, 
and a certified list of said delegates and alternates to the secre- 
tary of the State Executive Committee. 

Sec. 33. The secretary of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mit tee shall make up a roll of all delegates and alternates from 
the several counties and transmit the same to the chairman of the 
.-tare convention. 

Sec. 34. In all conventions a nomination may be made by any 
majority, even though it be a fraction of a vote. 

Sec. 35. In all state conventions it shall be the duty of the dele- 
gates from the several counties to choose one of their number 
chairman, whose name shall be reported to the president of such 
convention, and whose duty it shall be to cast the vote of his county 
as directed, and the vote as announced by him shall be recorded 
unless some delegate from that county shall challenge its accuracy, 
in which event it shall be the duty of the president of the conven- 
tion to cause the roll of delegates from that county to be called, 
when the vote of such county shall be tabulated and recorded ac- 
cording to the response of its delegates; but in no event shall the 
vote of one county be challenged by a delegate from another 
county. 

Rotation of State Senators in Districts Composed 
of More than One County 

Sec. 36. That in all State Senatorial Districts composed of more 
than one county, in which it has been the custom to concede the 



Plan of Organization 141 

right to nominate a senator to one county of the district, by a 
plan of rotation or otherwise, and in which such plan was followed 
in the Primary Election of 1936, the same shall remain in full 
force and effect until terminated as herein provided. 

The executive committees of the several counties composing such 
Senatorial District may hereafter adopt a plan for the nomination 
of candidates for the State Senate by one or more counties com- 
posing such district, but such plan shall not be effective until the 
executive committee of each of the counties composing the district 
shall, by a majority vote, approve such plan and file with the 
chairman of the State Executive Committee a copy of the reso- 
lution approving the same. The agreement in any senatorial dis- 
trict composed of only two counties may be terminated by a ma- 
jority vote of the county executive committee of any one of the 
counties and in districts of more than two counties by a majority 
. vote of each of the executive committees of at least two counties, 
provided that notice of the termination of such agreement must 
be filed with the chairman of the State Executive Committee at 
lea t 120 days in advance of the date of the primary election at 
which the candidates for the General Assembly are to be nomi- 
nated. The chairman of the State Executive Committee shall 
promptly notify the State Board of Elections of all such agree- 
ments anr of the termination thereof. 

Nomination of Candidates for County and Township Offices and 
for the General Assembly in Counties Not Under Primary Law 

Sec. 37. In all counties in which the selection of candidates for 
members of the General Assembly and county and township offices 
is not provided for by the primary law, nominations shall be made 
in the following manner: 

(a) The county democratic executive committee shall meet and 
set a time and place for holding a county convention for the nom- 
ination of candidates for the aforesaid offices, and shall also set 
the time and places for holding the necessary preliminary precinct 
meetings, and thereupon the chairman of the county executive com- 
mittee shall issue a call for the precinct meetings and the county 
convention, notice of which call shall be sent to the precinct offi- 
cials and published in such manner and form as shall be directed 
by the said county executive committee. 



142 North Carolina Manual 

(b) At the meeting held in each precinct in pursuance of said 
notice, delegates and alternates to represent it in the county con- 
vention shall be elected from the body of the Democratic voters of 
the precinct; and said delegates or alternates, or such of them 
as shall attend the county convention shall be entitled to vote the 
full Democratic strength of their precinct in the nomination of 
candidates and upon all questions which may come before said 
county convention. 

If there is a failure to hold a precinct meeting in pursuance of 
said notice, or if said meeting shall fail to elect delegates to repre- 
sent it in said convention, the precinct executive committee shall 
appoint delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of 
the precinct. 

(c) Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county con- 
vention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote for 
fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for Gov- 
ernor at the last preceding gubernatorial election: provided that 
every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the 
county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many dele- 
gates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said precinct 
may be entitled in the county convention. 

(d) The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chair- 
man of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chair- 
man of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both 
the chairman and vice chairman, any member of the committee 
may preside. 

(e) The county executive committee shall have power to make 
any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it may 
deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this 
plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and furnish 
all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said pre- 
cinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals there- 
from. 

Appointment of Democratic Members of County Board of Elections 

Sec. 38. The chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee 
in each county shall, before submitting to the State Chairman 



Plan of Organization 143 

recommendations as to Democratic members of the county Board 
of Elections in such county, call a meeting of the democratic ex- 
ecutive committee of the county and submit such recommendations 
for the approval of the executive committee, and only when such 
recommendations are approved by a majority of the committee 
present, shall same be submitted to the State Chairman by the 
county chairman. The time of such meeting of the respective 
county executive committees for the purpose of passing on such 
recommendations shall be fixed by the State Chairman. 

Miscellaneous Provisions 

Sec. 39. In the several counties of the State where primaries are 
provided for by law, whether optional or mandatory, this plan of 
organization shall nevertheless be followed in all matters not in- 
consistent with such laws. 

Sec. 40. In the nomination of candidates for municipal offices to 
be voted for in any town or city election, where the same is not 
controlled by charter or legislative enactment, a municipal charter 
or legislative enactment, a municipal democratic executive com- 
mittee may be created for the purpose of facilitating the orderly 
selection of such candidates. The committee shall be composed of 
five residents of the municipality, at least two of whom shall be 
women, to be elected biennially at a meeting of all members of 
the regular precinct executive committee or committees who re- 
side in the municipality, the meeting to be called and presided 
over by the chairman of the county democratic executive commit- 
tee. It shall be the sole function of any municipal democratic ex- 
ecutive committee created under the provisions of this section to 
supervise and direct the selection of candidates for municipal of- 
fices, and in so doing, the committee shall follow in principle the 
procedure set out in Section 37 hereof, and to that end, the com- 
mittee may formulate such rules and regulations as may be 
deemed necessary, practicable, and fair in applying in principle 
the procedure set out in said Section 37. The committee shall elect 
from its membership a chairman and vice chairman, one of whom 
shall be a woman; and all vacancies in membership shall be filled 
by the committee. 



144 



State Congr 




145 



ial Districts 




14(5 North Carolina Manual 

Filling Vacancies Among Candidates and Selecting Candidates 

in Special Elections 

Sec. 41. In the event any person nominated as a candidate of 
the democratic party for a state office shall die, resign, or for any 
reason become ineligible or disqualified between the date of nom- 
ination and the ensuing general election, the vacancy caused 
thereby shall be filled by the action of the state executive com- 
mittee; in the event of such vacancy in the case of a district office 
(except in a state senatorial district operating under a rotation 
agreement which concedes the candidate for senator or one of the 
candidates for senator to one county), the vacancy shall be filled 
by the action of the executive committee for such district; and in 
the event of such vacancy in the case of a county office, or the 
house of representatives, or the state senate in a district com- 
posed either of only one county or of two or more counties operat- 
ing under a rotation agreement which concedes the candidate for 
senator or any one of the candidates for senator to one county, in 
either of said events, the vacancy shall be filled by action of the 
county executive committee of the county wherein such vacancy 
occurs; provided, that should a vacancy occur in any office after 
a nomination has been made, or if a special election shall be or- 
dered to fill a vacancy either in the Congress of the United States 
or in the General Assembly of North Carolina, in any or either of 
said event or events, a nomination shall te made by the appropri- 
ate committee in like manner as hereinbefore provided. Any nom- 
ination made under the provisions of this section shall be certified 
immediately by the chairman and secretary of the nominating 
committee to the board or boards of elections, State or county, 
having the responsibility of printing and distributing the ballots 
on which the name of the nominee shall appear. 

Sec. 42. The right of appeal shall lie from any subordinate com- 
mittee or convention to the committee or convention next superior 
thereto, and in all county or state conventions appeals shall be 
first referred to the committee on Credentials and Appeals, or a 
special committee provided by the convention, and the findings 
and reports of such committee had before action thereon by the 
convention. 

See. 43. It shall be the duty of the county executive committees 
and their chairmen to make such reports and furnish such infor- 



Plan of Organization 147 

mation to the chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee and chairman of the several district committees as the 
said State and district chairmen may desire. 

Amendments to Plan of Organization 

Sec. 44. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall, by a 
majority vote of the full committee, have power to amend this 
plan of organization. 

The foregoing is the plan of organization of the Democratic 
party of North Carolina as adopted by the State Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee, at a meeting held in the City of Raleigh on 
the 5th day of March, 1918, together with all amendments thereto 
up to and including a special meeting of said committee held in 
the City of Raleigh on August 28, 1946. 

William B. Umstead, Chairman. 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(From list furnished by Secretary, State Democratic Executive 

Committee) 

State Democratic Executive Committee 

1946 

OFFICERS 

Chairman _ 

Vice Chairman _ ....Mrs. B. B. Everett Palmyra, N. C. 

Secretary LeRoy Martin Raleigh, N. C. 

COMMITTEES 

First District 

Pitt Mrs. W. I. Bissette Grifton 

Pitt Dr. Paul Jones Farm vi lie 

Beaufort S. M. Blount _ Washington 

Beaufoi-t Elizabeth Warren Washington 

Martin H. G. Horton Williamston 

Pasquotank John H. Hall Elizabeth City 

Gates A. Pilston Godwin. Jr. Gatesville 

Currituck Mrs. Dudley Bagley Moyock 

Perquimans Emmett Winslow Hertford 

Hertford D. Collin Barnes Murfreesboro 

Washington C. L. Bailey Plymouth 

Chowan .Cam Byrum Edenton 

Second District 

Bertie W. V. Hoggard Aulander 

Greene " H. M. Hicks Snow Hill 

Halifax Mrs. R. C. Josey. Jr. Scotland Neck 

Halifax J. Waldo Whitaker - Enfield 

Lenoir Meriwether Lewis Kinston 

Lenoir Mrs. J. K. Wooters Kinston 

Wilson Mrs. W. A. Lucas Wilson 

Wilson T. Boddie Ward ; Wilson 

Northampton Mrs. Sallie Parker _ Jackson 

Fdsrecnmbe H C. Bourne Tarboro 

Fdarecombe Mrs. Sallie M. Shore - Rocky Mount 

Warren Mrs W. D. Rodgers Warrenton 

Third District 

Carteret M. Leslie Davis „ Beaufort 

Craven Burl G. Hardison New Bern, Rt. 1 

Craven Henry P. Whitehurst New Bern 

Duplin Mrs. G. V. Gooding Kenansville 

Duplin _ R. D. Johnson Warsaw 

Jones W. M. Whitaker _ Trenton 

Onslow John D. V/arlick Jacksonville 

T5amlico T. B. Woodard Stonewall 

Pender _ _.C. L. Moore _ Burgaw 

Sampson _A. McL. Graham Clinton 

[148] 



State Committees, Democratic 149- 

Wayne Faison Thomson Goldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. Martha Gold Borden Goldsboro 

Fourth District 

Nash 0. B. Moss Spring Hope 

Nash Miss Bessie Bunn Roekv Mount 

Chatham Walter D. Siler Siler City 

Vance I. B. Watkins Henderson 

Vanes Mrs. J. D. Cooper. Jr Henderson 

Randolph - -D. B. McCrary Asheboro 

Randolph Mrs. Mary Burkhead Asheboro 

Johnston G. Ira Ford Smithfield 

Johnston _...Mrs. Hugh A. Page Clayton 

Wake - L. S. Brassfield Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. Jessie Mills Raleigh 

Franklin E. H. Ma lone — 1/2 vote _ Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. B. T. Holden — 1/2 vote Louisburg 

Fifth District 

Caswell Joseph H. Warren.... Prospect Hill 

Forsyth Lon Bolich Winston-Salem 

Forsyth _ Calvin Graves Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Mrs. D. M. Wincoff Winston-Salem 

Granvi'le T. G. Stem, Sr Oxford 

Granville Mrs O. G. Brummitt Oxford 

Person Claude T. Hal' Woodsdale 

Rockingham J. Hampton Price Leaksville 

Rockingham J. C. Brown Madison 

Stokes S- P. Christian Danbury 

Surry W. M. Allen Elkin 

Surry „__ Mrs. S. M. Smith Pilot Mountain 

Sixth District 

Alamance H. J. Rhodes Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. J. H. Vernon, Sr Burlington 

Alamance A. M. Carro'l Burlington 

Durham Tas. R. Patten _ Durham 

Durham R. H. Sykes Durham 

Durham Mrs. Annie Swindell Durham 

Guilford C. A. H ; nes Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs E. Rav Hodgin Greensboro 

D. N. Farnell Greensboro 

Guilford Wade Renf'-ow Greensboro 

Orange _ Owen S. Robertson HiTsboro 

Orange .^ _ A. H. Graham Hillsfcoro- 

Seventh District, 

Bladen Mrs. E. F. McCuJloueh Eli-ahe'htown 

Bladen J. A. Bridger Blad nboro 

Brunswick R. I. Mintz Southport 

Brunswick Mrs. Guy C. McKeithan Shallotti 

ColumHis H. G. Avant Whitevil'e 

Columhus Mrs. SaUie Horton Whiteville 

Harnett Tva J. S'.o-m Lilliir 

Harnett Earl McD. Westbrook Dunn 

Robeson David M. Britl Fairmont 

Robesrn Mrs. Tasco T. Meakin lii'iim it 

New Hanover _ R. M. Kermon Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. W. B. Campbell Wilminj 

Eighth District 

A nscn James A. Hardison Wadesboro 

Davidson r. P. P. Critcher Lexington. 



150 North Carolina Manual 

Davie J. H. Thompson Coolemee 

Hoke Ryan McBi-yde Raeford 

Lee - T. J. McPherson Sanford 

Montgomery George T. McAuley Mt. Gilead 

Moore James Boyd, Jr. . "Pinehurst 

Richmond Mrs. Archie McDougall _ Hamlet 

Scotland T. J. Gill. Jr Laurinburg 

Union „ W. B. McManus - Monroe 

Wilkes T. R. Rousseau N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin J. W. Hudspeth Yadkinville 

Ninth District 

Alexander _ L. P. Zachary Taylorsville 

Alleghany Floyd Crouse _ _ Sparta 

Ashe „ Ira T. Johnston _ W. Jefferson 

Cabarrus G. C. Mauldin Kannapolis 

Cabarrus Mrs. A. J. Yorke Concord 

Caldwell V. D. Guire - - Lenoir 

Iredell C. D. Stevenson „ Statesville 

Iredell Mrs. Alan Armour Statesville 

Rowan _ .Nelson Woodson _ Salisbury 

Rowan - Mrs W. C. Coughenour Salisbury 

Stanly W. Erskine Smith Albermarle 

Watauga Dr. H. B. Perry Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery R. T. Lewis Minneapolis 

Avery Mrs. Earleen G. Pritchett Banner Elk 

Burke W. C. Hudson Morgan tan 

Burke _ Mrs. Yates Palmer Valdese 

Catawba J. C. Rudisell Newton 

Catawba ... _ ...Miss Helena Hill Hickory 

Mitchell _ ....Nathan H. Yelton Bakersville 

Mitchell ...Mrs. E. G. Miller _ Bakesville 

Mecklenburg ...Thomas W. Bird Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mr<= Walter G. Craven Charlotte 

Lincoln _ M. T. Leatherman Lincolnton 

Lincoln Mrs Ranson Killian 1 ..... Lincolnton 

Eleventh District 

Gaston B. B. Gardner Gastonia 

Gaston -Harlay B. Gaston Belmont 

Gaston .Mrs. W. L. Robinson Gastonia 

McDowell Robert W. Proctor Marion 

Madison Mrs. Guy B. Rhodes Marshall 

Polk C. P. Rogers Tryon 

Yancey Mrs. Chas. Hutchins Burnsville 

Cleveland O. M. Mull Shelby 

Cleveland Mrs. Geo. Wray Shelby 

Cleveland Joe Neisler Kings Mountain 

Rutherford C. O Ridings Forest City 

Rutherford T. Max Watson Forest City 

Twelfth District 

Buncombe _..E. C. Green .Asheville 

Buncombe ..Brandon P. Hodges Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. W. A. Goodson Asheville 

Henderson Harry E. Buchanan Henderson vi lie 

Transylvania — _ Otto Alexander Brevard 

Havwood _ —Clifford Brown Clyde 

Jackson Dan K. Moore Sylva 

Swain Mrs. W. E. Elmore Bryson City 



State Committees, Democratic 151 

Macon Mrs. George B. Patton Franklin 

Cherokee Mrs. G'les W. Cover Andrews 

Graham .Floyd S. Griffon Robbinsville 

Clay ■■ Allen J. Bell - Hayesville 

EX-OFFICIO 

President, Young Democratic 

Clubs of N. C Henrietta Price Gillespie Asheville, N. C. 

National Committeeman Wilkins P. Horton _ Pittsboro, N. C. 

National Committeewoman Miss Beatrice Cobb Morgantcn, N. C 



152 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Congressional District 

Executive Committees 

1946 

First District 

Beaufort Malcolm Paul = Washington 

Camden , S. B. Seymour, Sr Belcross 

Chowan John W. Graham Edenton 

Currituck F. A. Walker Snowden 

Dare Roy L. Davis Manteo 

Gates L. C Hand Gatesville 

Hertford R H. Underwood Murfreesboro 

Hyde M. A. Mathews Englehard 

Martin A. E. James Robersonville 

Pasquotank Jerome B. Flora Elizabeth Citv 

Perquimans J. E. Winslow Hertford 

Pitt - W I. Bissette Grifton 

Tyrrell C. Earl Cahoon Columbia 

Washington ....W Roy Hampton Plymouth 

Second District 

Bertie , W. S. Pritchard Windsor 

Edgecombe R. L. Corbett ,_, Macclesfield 

Greene M. C. Lassiter - Snow Hill 

Halifax A J. Jones _ „ Weldon 

Lencir _ Thomas Mewborn Kinston 

Northampton Eric Norfleet Jackson 

Warren W. E. Turner Warrenton 

Wilson W. N. Harrell Wilson 

Third District 

Carteret Earle Davis Harkers Island 

Craven _ Robert Pugh _ New Bern 

Duplin Jerrv O. Smith Pink Hill. RFD 

Jones R. P. Bender Pollocksvi'le 

Onslow Geo. W. Phillips Jacksonville 

Pender J. V. Whitfield Burgaw 

Pamlico T. C. Wiley Bayboro 

Sampson J. M. Atkins Clinton 

Wayne „ Dr. C. H. Rand Fremont 

Fourth District 

Chatham W. H. Scott Chapel Hill, RFD 3 

Franklin O. P. Green Louisburg 

Johnston Paul Kellar Clayton 

Nash.._ J. H. Vaughn _ Slim City 

Randolph L. Q. Yow Central Falls 

Vance C. S. Wester Henderson 

Wake _ .Philip R. Whitley Wendell 

Fifth District 

Caswell W. C. Taylor Vanceyville 

Forsyth Linville K. Martin Winston-Salem 

Granville B. S. Royster, Jr Oxford 

Person _.J. S. Merritt Roxboro 

Rockingham D. Floyd Osborne Leaksville 

Stokes N. E. Pepper Danbury 

Surry - Arthur P. Fulk Pilot Mountain 

Sixth District 

Alamance - Wm. H. Allred Burlington 

D'irham R. p. Reid Durham 



State Committees, Democratic 153 

Guilford -John W. Coffey Greensboro 

Orange - O J. Coffin ^ Chapel Hill 

Seventh District 

Bladen H. J. White _ Bladenboro 

Brunswick - -S. B. Frink _ Southport 

Columbus Leo L. Fisher Whiteville 

Cumberland -las. MacRae Fayetteville 

Harnett - -H. C. Strickland Angier 

New Hanover Alan A. Marshall Wilmington 

Robeson J. E. Carpenter....... Lumberton 

Eighth District 

Anson _ F. E. Liles Wadesboro 

Davidson ..J. Walter Lambetli Thomasville 

Davie Jacob Stewart Mocksville 

Hoke G. B. Rowland - Redford 

Lee - J. Glenn Edwards.,.. Sanford 

Montgomery _.. Dr. W. T. Harris." Mt. Gilead 

Moore Y - _ __H. Clifton Blue.... Aberdeen 

Richmond - — Isaac S. London Rockingham 

Scotland Dr. J. G. Pate Gibson 

Fnion - J. E. Griffin Monroe 

Wilkes - C. B. Eller N. Wilksboro 

Yadkin _ G. C. Wallace Hamptonville 

Ninth District 

Alexander _ Sloane W. Payne Taylorsville 

Alleghany - W. F. Osborne Sparta 

Ashe - W. E. Vannoy .„ Jefferson 

Cabarrus J. G. Lowe _ Concord 

Caldwell E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Iredell Jno. G. Lewis _ Statesville 

Rowan W. D. Kizziah Salisbury 

Stanly J- Boger Little Albemarle 

Watauga P. O. Brewer - Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery R. W Wall.. Newland 

Burke A. P. Causby Morganton 

Catawba Wade H. Lefler Newton 

Lincoln _ Thomas E. Rhodes Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg Joe L. Blythe Charlotte 

Mitchell V. D. Hensley Bakesville 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland _ J. W. Osborne Shelby 

Gaston _...F. H. Cunningham Gaston ia 

McDjwell J. G. Neal Marion 

Madison „ Bill Peek Marshall 

Polk E. B. Cloud ™ Columbus 

Rutherford Charles Z. Flack Forest City 

Yancey Clarence Bailey Daybook 

Twelfth District 

B"*i combe R. R. Williams Asheville 

Cherokee H. A. Mattox - Murphy 

♦"■'iv George Jarrett Hayesville 

Graham L. W. Wilson Robbinsville 

Haywood T. Lenoir Gwyn Waynesville 

Henderson I, B. T^rince Hendersonville 

Jackson E. L. McKee _ Sylva 

Macon R. S. Jones , Franklin 

Swain -Thad DeHart Bryson City 

Transylvania Ralph H. Ramsey - Brevard 



154 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Judicial District Executive 

Committees 

1946 

EASTERN DIVISION 
First District 

Beaufort H. C. Carter Washington 

Camden S. E. Burgess Belcross 

Chowan R. C. Holland Edenton 

Currituck Chester R. Morris Currituck 

Dare -T. S. Meekins Manteo 

H-'de J. H. Jarvis Englehard 

Gates F. H. Rountree Sunbury 

Pasquotank F. T. Horner Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Walter H. Oakley Hertford 

Tyrrell C. R. Coplin .„. Columbia 

Second District 

Edgecombe Gene Simmons Tarboro 

Martin J. C. Smith Robersonville 

Nash J. N. Sills ^ Nashville 

Washington W. R. Gay lord Plymouth 

Wibon A. O. Dickens Wilson 

Third District 

Bertie _ George Spoolman...^. Windsor 

Halifax _ J. R. Wollett Littleton 

Hertford -T. Carlton Cherry Ahoskie 

Northhampton H. R. Harris Seaboard 

Vance J. 0. Cooper Henderson 

Warren J. A. Dowtin Warrenton 

Fourth District 

Chatham..... Frank Brooks Siler City 

Harnett Neill McK. Ross Lillington 

Johnston William I. Godwin Selma 

Lee D. B. Teague Sanford 

Wayne J. T. Flythe Mount Oliver 

Fifth District 

Carteret A. I. Hamilton _. Morehead City 

Craven .Tno. A. Simpson Vanceboro 

Greene „ E. J. Harper Snow Hill 

Jones Jno. D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Pamlico E. S. Askew Oriental 

Pitt Arthur B. Corey Greenville 

Sixth District 

Duplin E. W. Stevens _ _ Warsaw 

Lenoir . , Albert W. Cowper Kinston 

Onslow. J. R. Murrell _ Jacksonville 

Sampson „H. H. Hubbard Clinton 

Seventh District 

Franklin E. C. Bullock Louisburg 

Wake _ _ Sherwood Brockwell Raleigh 



State Committees, Democratic 155 

Eighth District 

Brunswick - H. Foster Mintz Bolivia 

Columbus -.- --W. H. Powell _„ Whiteville 

New Hanover - Thos. W. Davis _ Wilmington 

Pender - W. W. PearsalL Stoney Point 

Ninth District 

Bladen -R. J. Hester, Jr Elizabethtown 

Cumberland A. A. McCormick - Manchester 

Hoke John Cameron Raeford 

Robeson Henry McKinnon Lumberton 

Tenth District 

Alamance - John H. Vernon Burlington 

Durham.. t -S C. Brawley, Jr Durham 

Granville - ^.....Edward F. Taylor - Oxford 

Orange - J- D. Eskridge Hillsboro 

Person Robert P. Burns .Roxboro 

WESTERN DIVISION 

Eleventh District 

Alleghany , Amos Wagoner Sparta 

Ashe , R. L. Ballew Jefferson 

Forsyth Joe W. Johnson Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District 

Davidson J. F. Spruill Thomasville 

Guilford _., L J. Fishen High Point 

Thirteenth District 

Anson - Fred J. Coxe Wadesboro 

Moore U. L. Spence Carthage 

Richmond - W. S. Thomas - Hamlet 

Scotland - Edwin "Date Laurinburg 

Stanly R. I. Brown - Albemarle 

Union H B. Smith Monroe 

Fourteenth District 

Gaston - J. A. Wilkins Gaston ia 

Mecklenburg E. McA. Currie Charlotte 

Fifteenth District 

Alexander A. C. Payne Taylorsville 

Cabarrus - E R. Alexander Concord 

Iredell Jas. A. Stewart Statesville 

Montgomery J. M. Burt Biscoe 

Rowan _C. L. Coggins Salisbury 

Randolph Larry T. Hammond Randleman 

Sixteenth District 

Burke C. E. Cowan Morgan ton 

Caldwell _ F. L. German Lenoir 

Catawba C. David Swift Hickory 

Cleveland _C C. Horn Shelby 

Lincoln .Kemp B. Nixon Lincoln ton 

Watauga Wade Brown Boone 



L56 North Carolina Manual 

Seventeenth District 

Aver" - Hobert J. Harmon Minneapolis 

Davie R. B. Sanford, Jr. Mocksville 

Mitchell George Bartlett Spruce Pines 

Wilk. is J G. Hackett... North Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Watt Deal _..Boonville 

Eighteenth District 

Hen lerson J. E. Shipman Henderson vi lie 

McDowell W. D. Lonon Marion 

Polk R. S. McFarland - Columbus 

Rutherford Harvey Carpenter Rutherfordton 

Transylvania Chas. Y. Patton Brevard 

Yancey C. P. Randolph Burns vi lie 

Nineteenth District 

Buncombe George Shufford Asheville 

Madison —J. D. Cassidy Marshall 

Twentieth District 

Cherokee Frank Forsyth Murphy 

Clay .- - T. C. Gray Hayesville 

Graham R. B. Morphew _ Robbinsville 

Haywood _ Walter T. Crawford Waynesville 

Jackson - ., R. U. Sutton Sylva 

Macon _ - Guv Houk Franklin 

Swain — Baxter Jones Bryson City 

Twenty-First District 

Caswell „_ E. F. Upchurch Yancey ville 

Rockingham _ _.._ P. W. Glidewell, Jr Reidsville 

Stokes _..- Leonard Van Noppen _ _ Walnut Cove 

Surry H. O. Woltz Mount Airy 



State Committees, Democratic 157 

State Democratic Senatorial Executive Committees 

1946 

First District 

Bertie E. D. Cherry Windsor 

Camden P. P- Gregory Shawboro 

Chowan J C. Leary _ Edenton 

Currituck — R. P. Midvette Currituck 

Gates = Martin Kelloe Sunbury 

Hertford A. J. Healy Ahoskie 

Pasouotank Frank W. Hollowell Elizabeth City, RFD 

Perquimans C. P. Morris Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort ...Harry McMullan, Jr Washington 

Dare _ Geo. M. Wise Stumpy Point 

Hydt B. S. Gibbs Swan Quarter 

Martin - V. G. Slade - Hamilton 

Pamlico L. F. McCabe Oriental 

Tvrrell R. !■•• Spencer - Columbia 

Washington C. E. Ayers Plymouth 

Third District 

Northampton _ A . C . Gay Jackson 

Vance — - - B. A. Scott Henderson 

Warren John A. Dowtin Warrenton 

Fourth District 

Edgecombe Frank Winslow Rocky Mount 

Halifax J. R. Willet Halifax 

Fifth District 

Pitt J. Henry Harrell -....Greenville 

Sixth District 

Franklin - - -Walter Fuller Louisburg 

Nash _ -.. M. F. Morgan - Bailey 

Wilson John A. Hackney - — Wilson 

Seventh District 

Carteret....- - W. M Webb Morehead City 

Craven Jno. F. Rhodes New Bern 

Greene E. J. Harper „ Snow Hill 

Jones Geo. R. Hughes - Pollocksville 

Lenoir H. E. Wallace -. — Kinston 

Onslow —Victor Ventors Richlnnds 

Eighth District 

Johnston J. W. Woodard _Kenly 

Wayne Dr. C. C. Henderson Mount Olive 

Ninth District 

Duplin »lvin Ko'-nesray Warsaw 

New Hanover C. David Jones...- Wilmington 

Pender....- -Roy Rowe _ - Burgaw 

Sampson Abel Warren - Garland 



158 North Carolina Manual 

Tenth District 

Bladen _H. H. Clark Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Mack Jones - Leland 

Columbus R. C. Harrelson Tabor City 

Cumberland _.„Robt. L. Gray - Fayetteville 

Eleventh District 

Robeson Paul Thompson „ Fairmont 

Twelfth District 

Harnett H. S. Holloway ... Fuquay Springs 

Hoke Archie Watson Red Springs 

Moore -..Frank McCaskill Pinehurst 

Randolph „ Reggie D. Avman Archdale 

Thirteenth District 

Chatham -C. C. Hall Pittsboro 

Lee S. Rav Byerly Sanford 

Wake - Armistead J. Maupin Raleigh 

Fourteenth District 

Durham E. C. Brooks Durham 

Granville -Claude E. Lyon Creedmore 

Person J. W. Green Roxboro 

Fifteenth District 

Caswell George L. Scott.^.. Milton 

Rockingham Chas Henry Dalton Madison 

Sixteenth District 

Alamance E. T. Sanders Burlington 

Orange _..- H. A. Whitfield Chapel Hill 

Seventeenth District 

Guilford R. S. Wimbish Greensboro 

Eighteenth District 

Davidson C. C. Bishop Lexington 

Montgomery W. L. Currie Candor 

Richmond - Brvant Thompson , Hamlet 

Scotland _ W. S. James .....Laurinburg 

Nineteenth District 

Anson _ B. T. Hill Wadesboro 

Stanly A. C. Lentz Albemarle 

Union .Page Price Monroe 

Twentieth District 

Mecklenburg Louis G. Ratcliffe Charlotte 

Twenty-First District 

Cabarrus J. S. Hartsell Concord 

Rowan K. C. Ramsey Salisbury 

Twenty-second District 

Forsyth Robt. W. Gorrell Winston-Salem 



State Committees, Democratic 159 

Twenty-third District 

Stokes Ringgold White King 

Surry Frank E. Freeman Dobson 

T iv enty- fourth District 

Davie..^ J. B. Cain Como 

Wilkes W. A. McNeal North Wilkesboro 

Yadkin L. F. Amber Boonville 

Twenty-fifth District 

Catawba Jno. W. Aiken Hickory 

Iredell - J- B. Rodgers Statesville 

Lincoln W. H. Childs Lincolnton 

Twenty-sixth District 

Gaston Stewart Atkins _ Gastonia 

Twenty-seventh District 

Cleveland .Clyde Nolan Shelby 

McDowell R. L. James, Jr Marion 

Rutherford - S. A. Summey Forest City 

Twenty-eighth District 

Alexander Dewey Sigmon Taylorsville 

Burke E. M. Hurfield. Sr Morganton 

Caldwell L- A. Dysart Lenoir 

Twenty-ninth District 

Alleghany J. S. Motley Sparta 

Ashe W. B. Austin Jefferson 

Watauga - Council Cook Boone 

Thirtieth District 

Avery - .Horton Cooper Frank 

Madison O. E. Roberts Mars Hill 

Mitchell ~ Tamos Paul Greene _ Bakersville 

Yancey - C. L. Profitt Burnsville 

Thirty-first District 

Buncombe County Democratic Executive Committee 

Thirty -second District 

Haywood R. D. Coleman Canton 

Fonderson -.Miss Alice Louise, Powers Hendersonville 

Jackson _ T. W. Ashe Sylva 

Polk ~G. H. Bridgeman Tryon 

Transylvania Mrs. J. S. Silversteen Pigah Forest 

Thirty-third District 

Cherokee Ralph M. Moody Murphy 

Clay - - George Cherry Hayesville 

Graham R. B. Slaughter - Robbinsville 

Macon R. D. Carson - Franklin 

Swain Bruce Elmore Bryson City 



CHAIRMEN DEMOCRATIC COUNTY EXECUTIVE 

COMMITTEES 
1946 

County Name Address 

Alamance A. M. Carroll Burlington 

Alleghany R. F. Crouse Sparta 

Alexander. Elisha Bebber Taylorsville, R-2 

Anson James A. Hardison Wadesboro 

Ashe Todd Gentry West Jefferson 

Avery R. T. Lewis Minneapolis 

Beaufort Malcolm C. Paul .^Washington 

Bertie J. B. Davenport ". Windsor 

Bladen C. L. Braddy Council 

Brunswick _ Bert Frink Shallotte 

Buncome R. R. Williams _ Asheville 

Burke C. E. Cowan Morganton 

Caldwell V. D. Guire, 

Judge A. R. Crisp Lenoir 

Camden J. B. Williams Camden 

Cabarrus J. Lee White _ Concord 

Carteret _ Irvin W. Davis Beaufotr 

Caswell Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill 

Catawba P. W. Deaton „. Newton 

Chatham Wilkins P. Horton Pittsboro 

Cherokee H. A. Mattox _ Murphy 

Chowan Lloyd E. Griffin Edenton 

Clay Allen J. Bell _ _ Hayesville 

Cleveland B. G. Beason Boiling Springs 

Columbus R. J. Lamb _ Whiteville 

Craven William F. Ward New Bern 

Cumberland D. T. Perry Fayetteville 

Currituck S A. Walker ...Snowden 

Dare - M. L. Daniels _ Manteo 

Davie J. H. Thompson Mocksville 

Davidson J. Lee Wilson........... Lexington 

Duplin - F. W. McGowen... Kenans vi lie 

Durham F. L. Fuller, Jr Durham 

Edgecombe Haywood Foxhall Tarboro 

Forsyth Robert W. Gorrell Winston-Salem 

Franklin E. H. Malone Lauisburg 

Gaston _ B. B. Gardner Gastonia 

Gates Martin Kellogg Sunbury 

Graham Ed Turbeville Robbinsville 

Granville T. S. Royster Oxford 

Greene - _ K A. Pittman _ Snow Hill 

Guilford _ _ Pierce Rucker Greensboro 

Byran Haworth, V-Chrm High Point 

Halifax .....Dr. John W. Martin Roanoke Rapids 

Harnett I. R. Williams Dunn 

Haywood C. E. Brawn Clyde 

Henderson L. B. Prince Henderson ville 

Hertford W. L. Daniels Winton 

Hoke W P. Baker Raeford 

Hyde _ C. L. Bell Swan Quarter 

Iredell John F. Long Statesville 

Jackson E. L. McKee Sylva 

Johnston A. J. Whitley, Jr Smithfield 

Jones John Larkin Trenton 

Lee E M. Underwood. Jr Sanford 

Lenoir S. C. Sitterson Kinston 

Lincoln Thomas E. Rhodes _ Lincolnton 

[160] 



State Committees, Democratic 161 

County Name Address 

Macon - H. W. Cabe Franklin 

Madison - -F. E. Freeman Marshall 

Martin Elbert S. Peele Williamston 

McDowell Robert W. Proctor Marion 

Mecklenburg Louis G. Ratcliffe Charlotte 

Mitchell - -Frank Wilson Bakersville 

Montgomery ~. David H. Harris _..._ Troy 

Moo re - M . G. Boyette Carthage 

Nash M. P. Dawson _ Rocky Mount 

New Hanover _ Nathan S. Haskett Wilmington 

Northampton W. J. Long Garysburg 

Onslow Clyde L. Sabiston Jacksonville 

Orange Edwin Lynch Hillsboro 

Pamlico A. H. Harris Oriental 

Pasquotank - W. C. Dawson... _ Elizabeth City 

Pender Wyatt E. Blake Burgaw 

Perquimans C. P. Morris Hertford 

Person R. B. Dawes Roxboro 

Pitt ._ John G. Clark Greenville 

Polk H G. Laughter - Saluda 

Randolph W. C. Lucas Asheboro 

Richmond _ W. R. Jones Rockingham 

Robeson E. M. Johnson _ Lumberton 

Rockingham Dr. G. P. Dillard Draper 

Rowan - Walter H. Woodson, Jr Salisbury 

Rutherford Leonard Lowe _ Forest City 

Sampson Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Scotland - — - Walter James - Laurinburg 

Stanly R. R. Ingram Albemarle 

Stokes R. J. Scott Danbury 

Surry John Llewellyn _ Dobson 

Swain - B. C. Jones Bryson City 

Transylvania J. E. Rufty Brevard 

Tyrrell A. L. Walker Columbia 

Union J. F. Milliken Monroe 

Vance A. A. Bunn Henderson 

Wake _ - J. W. Bunn Raleigh 

Warren ...John Kerr, Jr Warrenton 

Washington _ Eugene F. Still Plymouth 

Watauga W. R. Winkler Boone 

Wayne J. T. Flythe Mount Olive 

Wilkes Robert Brame North Wilkesboro 

Wilson „_ W. D. P. Sharpe, Jr Wilson 

Yadkin _ '... C. E. Hartman Yadkinville 

Yancey C. P. Randolph Burnsville 



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE 
PLATFORM 1946 

Issued by 

NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE COMMITTEE 

Lexington, North Carolina 

The Republicans of North Carolina, in Convention assembled, 
reaffirm our allegiance to the principles of our party and rededi- 
cate it to the service of our State and our Nation. We submit to 
the people the following declaration of its principles and ob- 
jectives : 

National Affairs 

America stands at the threshold of Peace. We have conquered 
a powerful combination of enemies that challenged the principles 
upon which this Republic was founded. We have engaged in a 
great struggle to preserve our liberty and independence, our right 
of representative self-government, and our American way of life. 
We have tested and proved our right to enjoy the heritage of 
freedom that our forefathers won for us. 

For three and one-half long, fearful and weary years all our 
efforts were set on victory- Now, victory has come! Does it mark 
the end of a war that ends all wars, or a few years hence will 
fighting once more stop and victory come to us — or to others? 
The answer depends on what we do with our victory. The war 
settled nothing, except our present superiority in men, morale, and 
material. The war did not destroy the greed, remove the misun- 
derstandings and right the wrongs which helped to bring on the 
war. Our military victory and the unconditional surrender of our 
enemies have given us the opportunity and responsibility to make 
the peace, that is, the chance to remove the causes of war, which 
unless corrected will undoubtedly produce other wars in the years 
to come — whenever the Nations have caught their breath, replen- 
ished their arms, and marshalled their youth for the slaughter. 

This generation has expended in this war national resources to 
which our descendants were justly entitled. Our generation has 

[162] 



Republican Platform 163 

incurred a national debt that will require the labor and substance 
of many succeeding generations to pay. If we wage war for which 
our children must pay, then we must see to it that foundations 
are built upon which they may live in peace. They must not fall 
heir to both our debts and our feuds. 

In this time of world crises America is without a foreign policy. 
Yet America stands today as the most powerful and potentially 
influential Nation in the world. We must rise to our responsibility 
as a world leader. We must fulfill our promises of freedom to the 
liberated Nations of the world. We must assert our belief in de- 
mocracy and the freedom and dignity of the individual. We must 
exert the moral forces of this Nation to create conditions in the 
world which will breed goodwill and peace, not hatred and war. 
We must accord the small and weak Nations the same measure of 
justice which we seek for ourselves. We must merit by our actions 
the respect of the world instead of attempting to buy good-will 
with our goods and our money. 

We demand a firm and positive foreign policy based upon jus- 
tice, morality and freedom for all the world. We demand a unified 
foreign policy so that our efforts may be as united in the pursuit of 
peace as they are in the prosecution of war. We demand that the 
American people be given full information concerning our treaties 
and commitments to all Nations. 

And finally, we endorse the principles of the United Nations 
Organization. We urge that it develop effective means to prevent 
war by formulating just international laws, mobilizing world 
opinion, and exerting moral pressure, and that it repel all mili- 
tary aggressions by the use of force if necessary, in order that 
the Nations of the world may learn to live under law as do the 
peoples of those Nations. 

In order that this war may not have been in vain, America 
must secure and preserve the fruits of victory at home as well 
as abroad. 

We urge the following reforms to the end that democracy, free 
enterprise, and the rights of men may be re-established in America. 

We urge speedy reconversion and full production of consumer 
goods as the greatest need of our National Economy. Only by all- 
out production can America expect to furnish full employment, 
increase our wages and standard of living, retire our national 



1G4 North Carolina Manual 

debt, support the social services, and maintain the machinery of 
government. Adequate production will eliminate all necessity for 
price controls and the threat of greater inflation. 

We deplore the open warfare existing between labor and indus- 
try in America. Since the war has ended great strikes have caused 
incalculable loss of wages and profits and deprived the people of 
needed goods and essential services. We demand equal protection 
under law for both labor and industry and special privileges to 
neither. We demand that the government, representing all the 
people, enforce the law with equal justice to all. We hold that 
both labor and industry have basic rights which are secure only 
in a system of free men and free enterprise. We favor labor's 
rights of free organization, collective bargaining, and fair stand- 
ards of employment. We favor the rights of industry to a fair 
profit conductive to risk and expansion. We demand that labor 
and industry accept responsibility to the people commensurate 
with these rights. 

A free, prosperous and bountiful agriculture is essential to 
national well being. Agriculture must be freed of confusing regu- 
lations and impracticable controls that restrict production. The 
farmer should receive for his products a price that includes a 
profit. We condemn the present policy of this administration which 
holds clown the price of all the farmer sells and increases the cost 
of all he buys, thus crushing the faimer between the upper and 
lower mill stones. 

We demand that the administration immediately abolish all 
Federal Departments created for the war emergency, and curtail 
the vast system of peace time bureau;-; and commissions whose 
functions are no longer necessary or desirable, and the mainte- 
nance of which imposes tremendous expense upon the people. 

There are now 3% million civilian employees of the Federal 
Government. They represent one job-holder for every 40 persons 
in America, and the number is being increased daily since the 
war ended. This condition was never necessary; it is now intol- 
erable. We demand that the number of civilian employees be 
greatly reduced. 

Amei'ica has the greatest national debt of any country in his- 
tory. In order to maintain our national solvency we must immedi- 



Republican Platform 165 

ately talance the budget by the drastic reduction of government 
expenditures. 

We are opposed to giving help in money or goods to any Nation 
which fails to show a consistent desire to cooperate in building and 
maintaining world peace. 

For the past 14 years the New Deal has steadily undermined 
American traditions and institutions. It has fostered the alien 
doctrine that government must be the master of the people. It has 
created a vast system of bureaus and commissions as new instru- 
ments of public power which have provided shackles for the liber- 
ties of the people. It has taken from the people the right of local 
self-government and concentrated power in the hands of political 
puppets of an economic autocracy. The concentration of personal 
power in the hands of one man or group of men which has been 
accomplished during recent years is destructive of democracy. We, 
therefore, favor the submissions of an amendment to the Federal 
Constitution limiting presidential tenure to one term of six years, 
without the right of succession, and that retiring Presidents shall 
become members-at-large for life of the United States Senate with 
all the privileges and emoluments of that office. 

In short, we demand a recurrence to fundamental principles of 
American democracy. Unless we renew the teachings and prac- 
tices of democracy ourselves, we can not hope to persuade other 
Nations to accept our faith. 

The Republican party pledges to the people a rebirth of Amer- 
ican liberty, individual initiative, and free enterpi'ise, that Amer- 
ica may be strong and sound within, and continue to be the light 
and hope of the freedom loving people of the world. 

State Affairs 

For forty-eight years the Democratic Party has held complete 
control of the government of North Carolina. It has sought and 
assumed entire responsibility for the social, educational, physical, 
and moral welfare of the people of this State. Where do we stand 
among the 48 States after these many years of control and man- 
agement by Democratic Politicians? Let us take stock. 

In the matter of health North Carolina ranks 42nd among the 
States in the number of hospital beds per 1,000 population. We 
have thirty-four counties with no hospital facilities, and 82 coun- 



166 North Carolina Manual 

ties with inadequate hospital facilities. Our State ranks 45th in 
the number of Doctors. And North Carolina holds the appalling 
record of having led the Nation in the percentage of our men re- 
jected as physically unfit for military service. One-half of the 
whites and 70 per cent of the negroes having been rejected. 

A generation ago the Democratic machine entered an unholy 
alliance with the enemies of public education to retard the devel- 
opment of State Institutions of higher learning. Since that time 
it has shown an indifference to educational advancement in North 
Carolina. The Democratic Party resisted for 30 years our demand 
for "a general and uniform system of public schools" supported 
by the State. As a result, in matters of education North Carolina 
ranks 40th among the States. 

Insane persons, orphans, and delinfuents are the wards of a 
Christian state. The Democratic Party has grossly neglected the 
care and maintenance of these unfortunate persons, and has failed 
to provide for them adequate facilities and sufficient competent 
personnel. 

The Democratic machine of North Carolina has shown con- 
tempt for moral principles by imposing upon the people of this 
State an unjust and iniquitous election law consciously designed 
to encourage fraudulent and corrupt practices in order that the 
will of the machine might always prevail and the citizen deprived 
of the greatest privileges of democracy — a free voice in his gov- 
ernment. Recent election scandals and thievery have been shielded 
by the Democratic machine. The Democratic Party has also denied 
the people of this State the democratic right of a state-wide refer- 
endum upon the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors. 

The Republican Party of North Carolina, if permitted to serve 
the people, pledges to effect the following reforms: 

Eliminate all useless departments of State governments and 
consolidate all over-lapping functions. 

Reduce the number of State employees to the bare essentials 
of efficient administration. 

The Democratic machine procured the passage of the Sales 
Tax as an emergency measure in 1933, and promised its early 
repeal. The time for its repeal is now long over-due. The Repub- 
lican Party is opposed to the sales tax in principle and practice. 
We advocate its out-right repeal. 



Republican Platform 167 

Lower income and property taxes on the individual so as to 
raise no more than necessary to maintain an economical govern- 
ment, and to discharge the responsibilities of an enlightened State. 

Revise the capital and corporate tax rates so as to remove our 
present disadvantage in competing with other States and so that 
North Carolina may encourage the expansion of old and the es- 
tablishment of new industries. 

Increase exemptions for income tax to $2,500.00 for married 
persons, with an additional $400 for each dependent. Give full de- 
duction for hospital and doctor bills, and a deduction up to $500 a 
year for the educational expenses of each dependent over 18 years 
of age. 

Provide adequate facilities for training more doctors, State aid 
for building and maintaining rural hospitals, create public health 
centers where necessary, promote preventive medicine, and en- 
courage better health training in schools. These things protect the 
mother and infant at child birth, reduce infant mortality, produce 
stronger minds and bodies during a longer life, and thus promote 
the welfare of the State and all its citizens. 

State construction and maintenance of public school buildings, 
allocating the money in accordance with population, in order to 
fully provide the general system of public schools required by the 
Constitution of North Carolina. 

Provide better teaching personnel in the schools and a substan- 
tial increase in teachers' pay, based upon ability and experience 
under the supervision of a non-partisan merit system. 

We advocate that disability benefits under the Workmen's Com- 
pensation Act be increased commensurate with the advance in cost 
of living. 

We condemn the operation of unsound school buses on unsafe 
roads by inexperienced drivers. 

Provide adequate facilities and competent care for the insane, 
orphans, and delinquents. 

Place the construction, improvement and maintenance of farm 
to market roads first in our State Highway System, with adequate 
expansion and maintenance of our primary Highways. 

An honest and uniform election law applying to primaries and 
general elections alike; out-right repeal of the absentee ballot, 
except for citizens in the armed forces, and a bi-partisan State 



1G8 North Carolina Manual 

Board of Elections required to investigate and prosecute all vio- 
lations of the election law. 

The rank and file of the Republican party believe in sobriety and 
temperance, as well as democratic processes. We oppose the man- 
ufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors in this State unless ?. ma- 
jority of the people shall approve in a state-wide referendum. 

We realize and accept our obligations to the veterans of all 
wars. It is the determined policy of the Republican Party that the 
needs of our service men and women shall be fully recognized by 
the State. Veterans services are now inadequate. Such services 
should be extended to every county and to the larger cities so that 
they may be available to the veteran at all times. The National 
government must be ever mindful of the disabled veteran, and the 
orphans and widows of those who gave their life for their coun- 
try, that they shall have adequate aid to maintain proper stand- 
ards of living. 

The American People are demanding at this hour that the gov- 
ernment of foreign countries recognize their minority parties and 
give them representation in their government in accordance with 
the American concept of democracy. The Republican Party sug- 
gests that we practice in our State the democracy which we so 
fervently preach. We demand a non-partisan Judiciary in North 
Carolina, and that Superior Court Judges be elected by the voters 
of their respective j udicial districts, and that the minority party 
be accorded representation on the Supreme Court, the School and 
Highway Commissions, anr all other departments of government 
proportionate to its vote. 

These are our pledges to the people of this State. These are some 
of our hopes and aspirations for North Carolina. Let us view 
these things not as Republicans or Democrats, but as Americans 
and as North Carolinians. Let us vote our convictions. Let us rise 
above party labels. 

We invite all citizens of every party and political creed to join 
hands with us in this declaration of principles and profession of 
faith in the ultimate triumph of good government for the people 
)f North Carolina and of America. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Adopted in Convention, April 10, 1946, at Winston Salem 

ARTICLE I 

The Precinct as a Unit 

The unit of party action shall be the election precinct. In every 
precinct in each general election year there shall be selected in 
mass-meeting - in every precinct in the state a Precinct Committee 
of five or more voters, one of whom shall be designated as Chair- 
man, one as Vice-Chairman, who shall be a woman, and one as 
Secretary. The members and officers of the precinct committee 
shall hold their places for two years from the date of election, and 
until their successors are chosen. The chairman of the County 
Committee shall designate the time and place of holding precinct 
meetings after ten days notice thereof. Precinct Meetings shall 
elect one delegate and one alternate to the County Convention for 
each fifty votes or fraction thereof cast for the Republican candi- 
date for Governor at the latest election. Other Precinct Meetings 
may be called and held at such times and places as will be desig- 
nated by the chairman of the Precinct Committee, after first giving 
ten days' notice of such meeting. In the event any Chairman of 
any Precinct fails to act, then the Chairman of the County Com- 
mittee shall appoint some one in his or her place. 

ARTICLE II 

County Conventions and County Committees 

1. A County Convention shall be called in each general election 
year by the Chairman of the County Committee, who shall desig- 
nate the time and place for holding same, after giving ten days' 
notice thereof, and the delegates and alternates elected at the 
precinct meetings, shall sit as delegates and alternates in the 
County Convention. The County Convention shall choose a Chair- 
man, and a Vice-Chairman, who shall be a woman, and other of- 

[169] 



170 North Carolina Manual 

fleers, all of whom shall be qualified voters in the county. A 
County Committee of five or more voters shall be chosen in such 
County Convention, who shall hold their places for a term of two 
years, and until their successors are elected. Nominations may 
be made by the precinct meetings for membership upon the County 
Committee. Such biennial County Convention shall elect one dele- 
gate and one alternate to the State and all District Conventions, 
for every two hundred votes, or fraction thereof, cast for the Re- 
publican nominee for Governor at the latest election in said 
county. 

2. That if one-third of the members of the County Committee 
shall desire a meeting of the County Committee, it shall be the 
duty of the Chairman of the County Committee to call said meet- 
ing; and if said Chairman shall fail or refuse to call said meeting 
upon petition of one-third of the members, then one-third of the 
members may call the meeting of the County Committee by giving 
to the Chairman and Secretary and the members of the County 
Committee at least five days' notice. 

3. For good cause shown, any Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Sec- 
retary, or member of the County Committee may be removed from 
his or her position upon a vote of two-thirds of the members of 
the County Committee but said cause for removal shall be confined 
to inefficiency and party disloyalty. Upon such removal the County 
Committee shall have the authority to fill the unexpired term. 

ARTICLE III 

Congressional, Judicial, and Senatorial Committees 

1. The Republican Congressional, Judicial, and Senatorial Dis- 
trict Committees shall be composed of the Chairman of the several 
County Committees within the district, and the permanent Chair- 
man and the Secretary of said District Convention. The aforesaid 
Congressional, Judicial, and State Senatorial Conventions shall 
be called by the permanent chairman of the Convention upon ten 
days' notice of the time and place for holding same. Upon the 
failure for any reason of the Congressional District Chairman in 
any case to call a Congressional Convention, the said call may be 
issued by the Secretary of the Congressional District in any case 
to call a Congressional Convention, the said may be issued by the 
Secretary of the Congressional District Committee. 



Plan of Organization 171 

ARTICLE IV 

State Convention 

1. A State convention shall be called in every general election 
year by the Chairman of the Republican State Committee after 
twenty days' notice thereof, to all members of the State Committee 
and all Chairmen of the several County Committees of the time 
and place of holding the same. The State Convention biennially 
shall choose and elect a State Chairman and a State Vice-Chair- 
man, one of whom shall be a woman. (Two assistant Chairmen of 
the State Committee shall be appointed by the State Chairman 
with such duties as may be delegated by the Chairman. They shall 
serve at the pleasure of the State Chairman, and be responsible 
directly to him.) The State Convention each year of a Presidential 
election shall recommend to the National Republican Committee 
for a term of four years the name of two persons, a man, and a 
woman, for National Committeeman and National Committee- 
woman, respectively. Vacancies in the Office of State Chairman 
and State Vice-Chairman shall be filled by the State Committee 
until the next State Convention, which shall elect successors to 
fill the unexpired terms. In the event of vacancy in National 
Committeeman or National Committeewoman, the State Commit- 
tee shall make recommendations to the National Committee for 
the appointment of successors to fill the unexpired terms. 

ARTICLE V 

1. The Republican State Committee shall be composed of four 
members from each Congressional District casting ten thousand 
votes or a greater fractional part thereof for the Republican Can- 
didate for Governor at the latest preceding election, and one addi- 
tional member from each Congressional District for every Con- 
gressional District for the Republican candidate for Governor at 
the latest preceding election. The Members of the State Committee 
in each Congressional District shall be greater elected for a term 
of two years, or until successors are elected and qualified, by the 
Delegates to the Congressional Convention of the respective Dis- 
tricts. Vacancies occurring in representation from any Congres- 
sional District shall be filled by a vote of the majority of the re- 



172 North Carolina Manual 

maining members residing in the District in which such vacancy 
may occur. 

2. The State Chairman, the State Vice-Chairman, two Assistant 
Chairmen, the National Committeeman, the National Committee- 
woman, and the permanent Chairman and Secretary of the pre- 
ceding State Convention shall be members of the State Committee 
ex-officio. 

3. The State Committee shall have the power to elect a Secretary 
and an Assistant Secretary, one of whom shall come from the 
Young Republicans, a Treasurer, and other Officers which may 
appear necessary, who shall serve for a term of two years and 
until their successors are chosen. 

4. The State Committee shall meet annually upon the call of 
the Chairman and Secretary, or upon the failure of the Chairman, 
upon the call of the Vice-Chairman and Secretary, on or about the 
anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, which meeting shall 
be followed by an annual statewide Lincoln Day Dinner, to be 
held under the auspices of the Republican State Committee, and 
the Young Republicans of North Carolina. 

5. There shall te a Republican State Central Committee, com- 
posed of the State Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer and State Vice- 
Chairman, two Assistant Chairmen, the National Committeeman, 
the National Committeewoman, all of whom shall be members ex- 
officio of the Republican State Central Committee, and seven other 
members to be appointed by the Chairman to serve for a term of 
two years. The State Central Committee shall meet upon the call 
of the Chairman, and shall have active Management of the State 
Campaigns, with power to appoint a Finance Committee, a pub- 
licity Committee, a Campaign Committee, and such other Com- 
mittees as it may be necessary in the proper conduct of the affairs 
of the Party, and to do all other things pertaining to Party affairs, 
which it may be authorized to do from time to time by the Re- 
publican State Convention in session; and the State Central Com- 
mittee shall report its proceedings to the full State Committee at 
each session. 

6. A member or members of the State Committee from a ma- 
jority of the counties shall constitute a quorum of the State Com- 
mittee for the transaction of business. 

7. There shall be a liberal representation of women wherever 



Plan of Organization 173 

practicable, in all the meetings and activities of the Republican 
Party. 

ARTICLE VI 

1. No delegate, alternate or other member of a Convention shall 
cast any vote by proxy, provided, however, that any delegate or 
delegates present shall have the right to cast the entire vote for 
the precinct in County Conventions; and of the County in State 
and District Convention. 

ARTICLE VII 
Convention Procedure 

1. The State, District, and County Conventions shall be called 
to order by their respective Chairman, or in the absence of the 
Chairman, by the Vice-Chairman, Secretary, or some member 
thereof, in order stated, who shall have the power to appoint and 
receive the reports of Credentials Committee, to appoint other 
temporary and necessary committees, at or before the convening 
of the Convention, and to form a permanent organization. 

2. The certificate of the Chairman and Secretary of any Con- 
vention authorized to elect delegates and alternates shall be 
deemed sufficient to place the name of such delegate and alternate 
on the temporary roll of the respective Conventions, and unless 
successfully challenged, shall be a complete authorization to said 
delegates and alternates to act. 

ARTICLE VIII 

Records, Reports, and Accounts 

1. The Chairman, Secretary, and Treasurer of the State, Dis- 
trict, and County Committees shall keep faithful and accurate 
records of any and all monies received by them for the use of 
said committees, and shall make faithful and accurate report 
thereof when so requested. 

This revised and amended Plan of Organization of the Repub- 
lican Party of North Carolina adopted by the State Republican 
Convention assembled at Winston-Salem, North Carolina, April 
10th, 1946. 



174 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEES OF THE STATE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

(From list furnished by Chairman, State Republican Executive 

Committee) 

State Republican Executive Committee 

STATE ORGANIZATION 

Chairman: Sim A. DeLapp Lexington 

Vice Chairman : Mrs. Walter Zachary _...„ Yadkinville 

Secre tary : F.J. Beal - - Lenoir 

Treasurer : C . C . Wall - - Lexington 

National Committeeman: Chas. A. Jonas Lincolnton 

National Committeewoman: Mrs. W. P. Few Durham 

First District 

W. H. Evans, Harrellsville Clarence Dozier, Elizabeth City 

C. T. Allen, Aurora Wheeler Martin, Williamston 

Second District 

Otis J. Reynolds, Roanoke Rapids E. D. Dickens, Halifax 

S. H. Newberry, Kinston 

Third District 
P. G. Clumpier, Clinton A. T. Gardner, Beaufort 

Julian T. Gaskill, Goldsboro A. L. Butler, Clinton 

Fourth District 
Samuel J. Morris, Raleigh L. P. Dixon, Siler 

Ezra Parker, Benson W. L. Ward, Asheboro 

A. H. Farmer, Bailey 

Fifth District 

J. F. Motsinger, Winston-Salem E. R. Nelson, Mt. Airy 

W. E. Matthews, Leaksville M. F. Law, Pelham 

H. L. Fagge, Leaksville S. J. Craver, Winston-Salem 

Sixth District 

Martin F. Douglas, Greensboro R. E. Lowermilk, Besser Branch, 

Greensboro 
Walter L. York, High Point T. C. Carter, Mebane 

Lester Lloyd, Hillsboro Dr. H. M. Patterson, Burlington 

Wm. Bramham, Durham Andrew H. Hutchins, Rt., Durham 

Seventh District 

J. A. Maultsby, Whiteville Mrs. Lillian M. B. Rodgers, 

Wilmington 
B. C. Fussell, Wilmington W. C. Downing, Fayetteville 

D. R. Johnson, Winnabow C. H. Tucker, Clarkton 
Thad H. Pope, Dunn Ed. F. Hodges, Fairmont 

Eighth District 
P. E. Brown, N. Wilkesboro A. M. Snider, Rockingham 

Mrs. W. B. Somers, N. Wilkesboro Coy S. Lewis, Robbins 



State Committees, Republican 175 

Tom H. West, Yadkinville J. T. Jackson, Lexington 

J. B. Payne, Rt. 4. Winston-Salem R. V. Alexander, Cooleemee 

Dr. A. D. Barber, Sanford 

Ninth District 

Percy Deal, Taylorsville Russell Sherrill, Statesville 

Beal Poovey, Sparta C. C. Peeler, Salisbury 

Edison M. Thomas, Grassy Creek Ray P. Lyerly, Faith 

J. L. Ross, Rt. 9, Concord J. J. Morton, Albermarle 

E. C. McCall, Lenoir Russell D. Hodges, Boone 

Tenth District 

C. S. Nantz, Lincolnton Frank C. Patton, Morganton 
J. Bennett Riddle, Jr., Morganion C. H. Geitner, Jr., Hickory 

D. T. Vance, Plumtree Geo. W. Dale, Bakersville 

Col. H. A. Wells, Charlotte 

Eleventh District 
J. F. Beam, Dallas G. V. Hawkins, Shelby 

J. S. Dockery, Rutherfordton Hershel Sprinkle, Marshall 

R. W. Wilson, Burnsville Walter R. Chambers, Marion 

S. B. Roberts, Marshall 

Twelfth District 
James J. Pace, Hendersonville I. H. Powell, Canton 

Hugh E. Monteith, Sylva Clyde Jarrett, Andrews 

Lewis P. Hamlin, Brevard Theodore Jenkins, Robbinsville 

Ben E. Taylor, Asheville Robert N. Tigers, Hayesville 

S. A. DeHart, Bryson City W. A. Keener, Franklin 



it<; 



State Sen 




177 



Districts 




178 



North Carolina Manual 



State Republican, Congressional, Judicial and Senatorial 

District Committees 

Tse work of the State Republican Congressional, Judicial and 
Senatorial Executive Committees is handled by the Chairmen of 
the Republican County Executive Committees. 

Chairmen, Republican County Executive Committees 

1946 



Alamance — Sam T. Johnston, Graham. 

Alexander — Dallas Campbell, Taylors- 
ville. 

Alleghany — Beale "Poole, Sparta. 

Anson — C. A. Bland, Wadesboro. 

Ashe — Bernard Graybeal, West Jeffer- 
son. 

Avery — Roy A. Harmon, Banner Elk. 

Beaufort — Zeno Ratcliff, Pantego. 

Brunswick — W. A. Kapp, Bolivia. 

Bertie — D. H. Greene, Aulander. 

Bladen — C. C. Atkinson, Elizabethtown. 

Buncombe — B. H. Taylor, Asheville. 

Burke — J. Bennett Riddle, Jr., Mor- 
gan ton. 

O. O. Cruse, Rt. No. 3, Con- 



Cabarrus 
cord. 
Caldwell — E. 
Camden — J. 
Carteret— C. 
Caswell — M. 
Catawba — A 
Chatham — J 



C. McCall, Lenoir. 
B. Burgess, Old Trap 
R. Wheatly, Beaufort. 
F. Law, Pelham. 
W. Penland, Hickory. 
C. Dixon, Bennett. 

Cherokee — Elbert Totherow, Murphy. 

Chowan — A. S. Smith, Edenton. 

Clay — Cline McCline, Hayesville. 

Cleveland— J. Worth Silvers, Shelby. 

Columbus — Dr. L. Baggett, Whiteville. 

Craven — W. B. Rouse, New Bern. 

Cumberland — W. C. Downing, Fayette- 
ville. 

Currituck — B. C. Kinsey, Coinjock. 

Dare— W. C. Gaskill, Manteo. 

Davidson — Frank Holton, Lexington. 

Davie — E. C. Morris, Mocksville. 

Duplin — H. B. Kornegay, Calypso. 

Durham — A. A. McDonald, Durham. 

Edgecombe — J. H. Satterthwaite, Rt. 1, 
Tarboro. 

Forsyth — J. F. Motsinger, Winston- 
Salem 

Franklin — W. R. Young, Louisburg. 

Gates— H. A. Eure, (Acting Chm.), 
Corapeake. 

Gaston — Kelly Bumgardner, Mt. Holly. 

Graham — Arthur Ford, Robbinsville. 

Granville— -W. L. Peace, Oxford. 

Greene — Roland E. Jones, Snow Hill. 



Guilford — Z. Hampton Howerton, 
Greensboro. 

Harnett— J. O. West, Dunn. 

Haywood — Glenn A. Boyd, Waynesville. 

Henderson — James J. Pace, Henderson- 
ville. 

Hertford— A. S. Mitchell, Winton. 

Hoke— M. L. Sides, R.F.D. 1, Aber- 
deen. 

Hyde — Edsac Bridgman, Scranton. 

Halifax — Otis J. Reynolds, Roanoke 
Rapids. 

Iredell— Russell Sherrill, Statesville. 

Jackson— E. P. Stillwell, Sylva. 

Johnston — J. Ira Lee, Smithfield. 

Jones — ■ 

Lee— C. R. Hall, Sanford. 

Lenoir — • 

Lincoln — Belton Beal, Lincolnton. 

Macon — John H. Dean, Rt. 4, Franklin. 

Madison — Clyde M. Roberts, Marshall. 

Martin — Wheeler Martin, Williamston. 

McDowell— Clarence M. Pool, Rt. 2, 
Marion. 

Mecklenburg — Ernest M. Morgan, Char- 
lotte. 

Mitchell — Bill McKinney, Spruce Pine. 

Montgomery — Elton Tucker, Troy. 

Moore — A. H. Trotter, Robbins. 

Nash — John C. Matthews, Spring Hope. 

New Hanover — H. E. Rodgers, Wilm- 
ington. 

Northampton — W. F. Outland, Wood- 
land. 

Onslow — Albert N. Venters, Jackson- 
ville. 

Orance — George N. Harward, RFD, 
Chapel Hill. 

Pamlico — N. C. Rice, Arapahoe. 

Pasquotank — M. N. Toxey, Elizabeth 
City. 

Pender — E. C. Hicrhsmith, Rockv Point. 

Perquimans — T. C. Babb, Hertford. 

Person— J. R. Whitt, Rt. 2, Roxboro. 

Pitt- 
Polk — Hugh M. Thompson, Saluda. 

Randolph — Wade Yates, Asheboro. 

Richmond— B. A. Cox, Ellerbe. 

Robeson— Fred R. Keith, St. Pauls. 



State Committees, Republican 



179 



Rockingham — J. Banner Shelton, Mayo- 
dan. 

Rowan — D. A. Rendleman, Salisbury. 

Rutherford — J. E. MacFarland, Ruther- 
fordton. 

Sampson — Clarence Fisher, Clinton. 

Scotland — C. C. Snead, Laurel Hill. 

Stokes— Odell T. Neal, Pinnacle. 

Stanly — Henry N. Thompson, New Lon- 
don. 

Surry — David L. Hiatt, Mt. Airy- 
Swain— Jack Hicks, Bryson City. 

Transylvania — Ralph Fisher, Brevard. 



Tyrrell — W. E. Bateman, Columbia. 
Union — J. H. Mills, Monroe. 
Vance — Walter Finch, Kettrell. 
Wake— Chesley S. Smith, Raleigh. 
Warren— ? ? ? ? 

Washington — J. C. Tarkenton, 

Mackeys. 
Watauga — M. C. Hollar, Boone. 
Wayne— R. E. Cox, Rt. 4, Goldsboro. 
Wilkes— N. B. Smithey, N. Wilkesboro. 
Wilson — Thos. J. Moore, Wilson. 
Yadkin — Walter Zachary, Yadkinville. 
Yancey — E. T. Moody, Burnsville. 



PART IV 
ELECTION RETURNS 



ELECTION RETURNS— 1944 
Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States 



State 



Popular Vote 



Roosevelt 
Democrat 



Dewey 
Republican 



Electoral Vote 



Roosevelt 
Democrat 



Dewey 
Republican 



Alabama 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connccticit 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia -- 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts.. 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada.. 

New Hampshire 
New Jersty 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Caro'ina. 
North Dakota.. 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania... 
Rhode Island... 
South Carolina. 
South Dakota.. 

TenntBiee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia. . 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Totals 



198,918 

80,926 

148,965 

,988,5(14 

234,331 
435,146 
68,166 
339,377 
268,187 
107,399 

,079,479 
781,403 
499,876 
287,458 
472,589 
281.564 
140,631 
315,490 

,035,296 

,106,899 
589,864 
158,515 
807,357 
112,556 
233,246 
29,623 
119,663 
987,874 
81,389 

,304,238 
527,399 
100,144 

,570,763 
401,549 
248,635 

,940,479 

175,356 

90,601 

96,711 

308,707 

821,605 

150,088 

53,820 

242,276 

486,774 

392,777 

650,413 

49,419 



44 

56 

63 

1,512 

268 

390 

56 
143 

56 
100 
1,939 
875 
547 
442 
392 

67 
155 
292 
921 
1,084 
527 
3 
761 

93 
329 

24 
109 
961 

70 

2,987 

263 

118 

1,582 

319 

225 

1,835 

123 

4 

135 

200 

191 

97 

71 
145 
361 
322 
674 

51 



540 
287 
551 
965 
731 
572 
747 
215 
506 
137 
314 
891 
267 
096 
448 
750 
434 
949 
350 
423 
416 
742 
175 
163 
880 
611 
916 
335 
688 
647 
155 
535 
293 
424 
365 
048 
487 
547 
365 
311 
425 
891 
527 
243 
689 
819 
532 
921 



11 
4 
9 
25 



8 
3 
8 

12 
4 

28 



11 

10. 



8 
16 
19 
11 

9 
15 

4 



3 

4 
16 

4 
47 
14 



10 
6 

35 
4 



12 

23 

4 



11 

8 
8 



25,602.505 



22,006,278 



432 



13 
10 



4 
25 



12 
3 



99 



[183] 



184 



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Election Returns 195 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES 

1936, 1938 AND 1940 



1936 
FIRST PRIMARY 
FOR GOVERNOR— 

Clyde R. Hoey - 193,972 

Ralph McDonald 189,504 

A. H. Graham 126,782 

John A. McRae - 6,606 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

Paul D. Grady - 162,221 

W. P. Horton _ _ 138,631 

George McNeill 128,661 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— 

Stacey W. Wade - 212.687 

Thad Eure - 168,970 

M. R. Dunnagan _ 55,192 

FOR STATE AUDITOR 

George Ross Pou 223,517 

Baxter Durham 113,850 

Willard L. Dowell 61,684 

Charles W. Miller . 42,852 

FOR STATE TREASURER— 

Charles M. Johnson 322,868 

(Mrs. ) Helen Robertson Wohl 98,446 

FOR SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION— 

Clyde A. Erwin 247,817 

A. B. Alderman 105,659 

Gilbert Craig 67,685 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE— 

W. Kerr Scott - 227,808 

William A. Graham 207,750 

SECOND PRIMARY 
FOR GOVERNOR— 

Clyde R. Hoev - 266.354 

Ralph McDonald 214.414 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

W. P. Hortcn 217,230 

Paul D. Grady 208,248 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— 

Thad Eure 234,956 

Stacey W. Wade 194,015 

1938 

FOR UTILITIES COMMISSIONER— 

Stanley Winborne 254.024 

Paul D. Grady „ 198,243 



196 North Carolina Manual 



1940 

FOR GOVERNOR— 

J. Melville Broughton . 147,386 

W. P. Horton 105,916 

A. J. Maxwell 102,095 

Lee Gravely - - 63,030 

Paul D. Grady - 15,735 

Thos. E. Cooper . 33,176 

Arthur Simmons - 2,058 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

R. L. Harris 150,661 

L. A. Martin 76,861 

W. Erskine Smith _ 127,522 

D. L. Tompkins 42,672 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— 

Thad Ei. re _ - 274,408 

Walter Murphy ». _ 137,598 

FOR STATE AUDITOR— 

George Ross Pou 262,870 

Charlie Miller - - - ..._ 127,600 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE— 

W. Kerr Scott 252,912 

C. Wayland Spruill 157,933 

FOR INSURANCE COMMISSIONER— 

Dan Boney _ _ _ 266.974 

William B. Oliver „ _ _..._ _ 122.107 



Election Returns 



197 



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200 North Carolina Manual 

TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTION 

1944 



Democrats Republicans 

President 

Franklin D. Roosevelt _ 527,399 Thomas E. Dewey ...._.._ 263,155 

Governor 
Gregg Cherry 528,995 Frank C. Patton 230,998 

Lieutenant-Governor 
L. Y. Ballentine 520,850 George L. Greene 227,430 

Secretary of State 
Thad Eure _ 525,155 W. H. Gragg - .225,147 

Auditor 
George Ross Pou 522,363 J. M. Van Hoy 225,797 

Treasurer 
Chas. M. Johnson 521,356 S. B. Roberts 225,588 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 
Clyde A. Erwin 523,752 B. Carl Fussell - 224,280 

Attorney General 
Harry McMullan 520,002 Sam J. Morris 226,046 

Commissioner of Agriculture 
W. Kerr Scott 522,806 Clarence T. Allen 225,575 

Commissioner of Labor 
Forrest H. Shuford _„ 519,885 James E. Spence, Jr ._ _ 225,989 

Insurance Commissioner 
William P. Hodges ...519,754 Halsey B. Leavitt 225,118 



Election Returns 



201 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 27, 1944, BY DISTRICTS 

SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


John H. 
Krrr 


( ameron S. 
Weeks 


Bertie 


963 

1,390 
1 .333 

1,955 
1,449 

1.742 
2,489 

14.009 


1.016 


Edgecombe..- 




Greene 


775 


Halifax 


1,938 


Lenoir 


1,789 


Northampton 


896 


Warren 


483 


Wilson.- 


1,846 








TotaL 


11,579 



FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


John H. 
Folger 


J. X. 
Freeman 


Caswell 


SOS 
5,001 
r,368 

692 
2.892 
1,896 
3,145 


266 


Forsvth 


3,3S0 


Granville.. 


179 


Person 


675 


Rockingham 


709 


Stokes 


115 


Surry 


S25 








Total... 


15,802 


6,449 



TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



« 

Counties 


Hamilton C. 
Joms 


J ,i W. 


Join 
Stroupe 


Avery. .. 


92 

680 

765 

1,256 

7,639 

141 


314 
2,825 
1,148 
1,110 


13 


Burk? 


245 


Catawba . 


J. -Is 


M :cklenburg 


505 


Mitchell. __ 


7 






TotaL 


10,573 


905 


986 



202 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN REPUBLICAN PRIMARY, 

MAY 27, 1944 



NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 
(Republican) 



Count ii s 


Monroe 

Adams 


Emery C. 

McCall 


Ashe 


76 
7(1 
47 
57 
30 
S3 
87 
93 
30 


187 




11 


Alexander 


213 


Cabarrus 




17 


Caldwell 


740 


Iredell 






60 


Stanly 


41 




216 








Total 


579 


1,560 



Election Returns 



203 



VOTE FOR REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS, FOR UNEX- 
PIRED TERM, IN THE SPECIAL ELECTION HELD ON JAN- 
UARY 22, 1946, IN THE TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Sam J. 
Ervin, Jr. (D) 


W. H. 

Barkley (R) 


Frank 
PattonfRl 


H.C. 
Jones (D) 


Grady 

Cole (D) 


Frank 
Orr D 




240 
770 
342 
196 
690 
65 


1 
1 
3 








1 

2 


1 


1 


















3 


1 


MitcrHl 


2 


1 














Total..... 


2,303 


7 


4 


4 


1 


1 



204 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS, FOR UNEX- 
PIRED TERM, IN THE SPECIAL ELECTION HELD ON MAY 
25, 1946, IN THE EIGHTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Jane 
Pratt (D) 


H.Frank 
Hulin (R) 


Anson 


3,939 
4,695 
922 
1,276 
2,690 
1,397 
3,119 
4,566 
2,409 
3,373 
1,503 
1,169 


304 


Davidson 


2,057 


Davie. 


940 


Hoke. _ .... 


77 


Lee 


189 


Montgomery 


111 


Moore 


237 


Richmond 


384 


Scotland... 


429 


Union. 


249 


Wilkes.. 


1,379 


Yadkin. 


1,661 






Total. . 


31,058 


8,017 



Election Returns 



205 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 25, 1946, BY DISTRICTS 

FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 



Beaufort 

Camden.— 

Chowan... 

Currituck 

Dare 

Gates 

Hertford 

Hyde... 

Martin 

Pasquotank 

Perquimans 

Pitt 

Tyrrell 

Washington 

TotaL_ 




SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


John H. 
Kerr 


\ r- i ■ : . 

( lay 




2,012 
; ,! 

995 
3,723 
1,833 
1,068 
1,697 
3,034 


725 




1,037 




508 




2,495 




1,475 




2,550 




758 




1,655 










17,678 


11,21 







20G 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 25, 194G, BY DISTRICTS 

FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


John H. 
Folger 


Thurmond 
Chatham 


Joe J. 
Harris 


Caswell 


1,464 
5,992 
766 
1,345 
4,416 
2.699 
4.541 


1,089 
10.573 

900 
2,603 
3,040 

160 
2,911 


85 


Forsyth., 

Granville . 


396 
41 


Person 


99 


Rockingham 


101 


Stokes 


33 


Surry... 


51 


Total 


21,223 


21,282 


896 



SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Carl T. 
Durham 


E. Earle 
Rives 


D. E. 
Scarborough 


Alamance 


3,248 
5.706 
5,587 
2,619 


1,858 

2,147 

8,713 

342 


1,137 


Durham 

Guilford. 


4,369 

2,210 


Oranje 


460 


Total 


17,160 


13.060 


8,176 



SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


J. Bayard 
Clark 


W. S. 
Britt 


Bladen 


2,421 
1,306 
3,963 
4,783 

2,849 
4,384 
3,978 


1.757 


Brunswick .. 


S90 


Columbus.. 


2,971 


Harnett ... 


1,885 
2.715 


New Hanover 

Robeson... 


— * — 


2,579 
4.594 


Total 


23,684 


17,391 



Election Returns 



207 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 25, 1946, BY DISTRICTS 

EIGHTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Counties 


C. B. 

Deane 


W. E. 
Horner 




2,692 
2,848 

:S44 

397 

817 

677 

1 ,388 

4,208 

1.47^ 

2,163 

863 

774 


1,629 




2,446 




618 


Hoke 


965 




2.54(1 




7 V 




1,959 




2,213 




2,030 


Union 


1,884 


Wilkes 


765 




158 








TotaL 


is. 649 


18,296 









TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Hamilton ('. 
Jones 


Mauley H- 
Dunawaj 




323 
3,939 
3,073 
2,226 
8,217 

L67 


14 




710 




762 




431 




2,342 






18 


Total 


17,945 


4.277 







208 



State Ji 



WESTERN [ 




209 



Districts 



PATTERN DIVISION 




21(1 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY. 
MAY 25, 1946, BY DISTRICTS 

TWELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Zebulon 
Weaver 


Monroe 
Redden 


Buncombe _ 


10,498 

610 

315 

445 

2.33S 

252 

1,207 

1,049 

£00 

692 


8 463 


Cherokee 


1 262 


Clay 


505 


Graham 


317 


Havwood .. . 


5 078 


Henderson 


4 501 


Jackson.... 


2 49(1 


Macon. ... . 


1 436 


Swain. 


1.233 


Transylvania 


2,288 






Total. . 


18,206 


27 573 







Election Returns 



211 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN SECOND DEMOCRATIC 
PRIMARY, JUNE 22, 1946, BY DISTRICTS 

FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Counties 


John H. 
Folger 


Thurmond 
Chatham 


Caswell. _ 


1,541 
6,309 

1.514 
1 ,028 
4,788 
3,557 
5,S75 


1,059 


Forsyth 


11,173 


Granville 


1,145 


Person 




[,611 


Rockingham 


3,301 


Stokes . . 


362 


Surry .. ... 


3,183 








TotaL_ 


24,612 


21,834 



SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Carl T. 
Durham 


E. Earle 
Rives 


Alamancs 


3,937 
4,231 
5,553 
2,657 


2,782 


Durham. 


3,168 


( luilford . 


8,153 


Orange. 


483 








Total . 


16,378 


14,583 







212 



North Carolina Manual 



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224 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, 1942-1946 





NEW TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 
(Created 1941) 








1942 


1944 


1946 


Counties 


Camercn 
Morri8;n 
Democrat 


Chas. A. 
Jonas 

Republican 


Jce W. 

Ervin 
Democrat 


Loomis F. 

Klutz 
Republican 


Hamilton 
C. Jones 
Democrat 


P. C. 

Burkhdcler 
Republican 


Avery 


526 

5,318 

6,241 

3,674 

10,472 

554 


1,915 
5,067 
4,672 
3,629 
4,208 
2,044 


787 
6,862 

10,027 
4,144 

27,784 
1,001 


2,992 
5,531 
6,954 
3,473 
4,996 
2,811 


633 
6,261 
6,168 
4,263 
6,590 
699 


2,196 


Burke 


5,040 
5,637 


Catawba 


Lincoln 


3,542 


Mecklenburg 


2,941 


Mitchell 


1,740 






Totals 


26,785 


21,535 


50,605 


26,757 


24,614 


21,096 



NEW ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 
(Created 1941) 





1942 


1944 


1946 


Counties 


A. L. 
Bulwinkle 
Democrat 


A. L. 
Bulwinkle 
Democrat 


E. V. 

Moss 
Republican 


A. L. 
Bulwinkle 
Democrat 


C. Y. 

Nanney, Jr. 
Republican 


Cleveland 


2,068 
5,093 
1,854 
986 
2,184 
4,969 
3,116 


8,182 
13,909 
2,249 
3,973 
2,439 
7,521 
3,303 


2,140 
5,127 
4,198 
2,130 
1,549 
4,382 
2,303 


2,892 
5,535 
2,057 
3,315 
2,196 
6,213 
3,336 


1,012 


Gaston 


3,140 


Madison 


3,276 


McDowell 


2,003 


Polk 


1,735 


Rutherford 


4,221 


Yancey 


2,756 






Total 


20,270 


41,576 


21,829 


25,544 


18,143 



NEW TWELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 
(Created 1941) 





1942 


1944 


1946 


Counties 


Zebulon 

Weaver 

Democrat 


Gola P. 

Ferguson 
Republican 


Zebulon 
Weaver 

Democrat 


Lewis P. 

Hamlin 

Republican 


Monroe M. 

Redden 

Democrat 


Guy 

Weaver 

Republican 


Buncombe 


6,362 
3,491 
1,255 
1,087 
4,015 
3,728 
3,530 
2,202 
2,166 
2,602 


1,505 
2,946 
1,163 
1,177 
1,109 
1,840 
2,053 
1,811 
1,357 
1,189 


21,668 
2,572 
1,289 
1,814 
7,659 
5,015 
4,169 
2,855 
2,110 
2,891 


7,908 
2,581 
1,233 
1,359 
2,738 
4,300 
2,621 
2,432 
1,444 
2,349 


14,327 
3,396 
1,568 
1,682 
5,580 
5,019 
4,019 
3,008 
2,009 
3,082 




Cherokee 


3,260 


Clay 


1,396 


Graham 


1,342 


Haywood 


2,240 


Henderson 


3,821 


Jackson 


2,636 


Macon 


2,428 


Swain 


1,443 


Transylvania 


2,188 






Totals 


30,438 


16,150 


52,042 


28,965 


43,690 


28,531 



Election Returns 



225 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
Primary, May 27, 1944 



Counties 



Alamance.. 
Alexander.. 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick. . 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus... 
Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay. 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck.. 

Dare 

Davidson.. 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford. . . 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood.. 
Henderson. 
Hertford... 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston. .. 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 



Clyde R. 


Cameron 


Marvin L. 


Arthur 


G.Y. 


Hoey 


Morrison 


Ritch 


Simmons 


Newton 


3,550 


963 


89 


114 


36 


934 


204 


22 


5 


5 


826 


364 


17 


26 


18 


987 


651 


63 


25 


48 


1,137 


619 


5 


18 


7 


222 


184 


2 


4 


4 


2,555 


672 


48 


65 


28 


979 


884 


10 


11 


6 


1,150 


561 


37 


26 


23 


854 


261 


20 


34 


4 


8,966 


2,495 


101 


149 


76 


2,272 


1,213 


72 


60 


26 


2,613 


1,226 


280 


104 


50 


1,525 


484 


71 


47 


25 


586 


224 


4 


18 


3 


1,242 


588 


16 


18 


9 


966 


119 


11 


17 


f> 


2,731 


1,505 


125 


96 


54 


1,510 


619 


7 


16 


5 


1,073 


262 


21 


24 


10 


607 


201 


16 


10 


3 


469 


51 


6 


3 


1 


6,003 


635 


98 


53 


71 


2,880 


809 


84 


108 


54 


2,446 


535 


34 


58 


46 


3,624 


1,105 


77 


99 


37 


796 


300 


25 


32 


13 


715 


131 


5 





3 


3,652 


836 


100 


77 


100 


737 


393 


33 


32 


41 


2,499 


1,015 


33 


63 


17 


7,054 


2,115 


118 


125 


38 


2,643 


1,114 


37 


50 


24 


5,133 


2,631 


182 


289 


95 


2,610 


535 


50 


60 


30 


7,545 


1,235 


272 


88 


63 


806 


89 


10 


29 


8 


488 


92 


8 


7 


8 


1,572 


317 


12 


24 


14 


1,475 


393 


29 


28 


10 


8,487 


3,273 


184 


224 


117 


3,167 


1,088 


83 


67 


42 


2,864 


947 


63 


49 


25 


1,981 


1,909 


32 


23 


8 


1,200 


211 


7 


16 


5 


1,011 


138 


17 


12 


11 


811 


289 


4 


14 


17 


577 


139 


19 


23 


7 


2,647 


2,31 i 


167 


89 


51 


1,469 


320 


10 


17 


5 


3,482 


1,174 


92 


66 


30 


702 


139 


7 


12 


10 


1,255 


492 


16 


25 


32 


2,647 


907 


55 


59 


26 


1,465 


868 


67 


17 


18 


835 


382 


42 


42 


17 


494 


563 


13 


28 


4 


936 


1,126 


51 


34 


17 



226 North Carolina Manual 

Vote for United States Senator— Primary, May 27, 1944— (Con't.) 



Counties 


Clyde R. 
Hoey 


Cameron 
Morrison 


Marvin L. 
Riteh 


Arthur 
Simmons 


G. Y. 

Newton 


McDowell 


1,370 
7,189 

371 

879 
1,644 
3,058 
2,918 
1,743 
1,228 
1,334 

429 
1,173 
1,090 

630 
1,249 
3,616 
1,010 
1,502 
1,287 
3,755 
2,551 
2,871 
4,091 
1,266 

885 
1,444 
1,407 
1,980 
1,279 
1,353 

335 

1,742 

2,512 

10,100 

1,739 

581 

683 
2,853 
2,731 
2,892 

921 

896 


734 

6,500 
111 
512 
411 

1,095 

1,557 
431 
557 
408 
167 
726 
275 
108 
137 

1,386 
329 
686 

1,710 

2,141 
999 

1,489 
593 
353 
509 
839 
396 

1,422 
299 
195 
18 
946 
529 

2,795 
309 
255 
451 
747 
620 

1,009 

384 

86 


43 
2,380 



5 
37 
39 
186 
27 
16 
42 

8 
36 
21 

5 
14 
96 
20 

8 
99 
116 
63 
173 
54 
12 
53 
39 
13 
49 
10 
21 

2 
95 
39 
133 
47 
11 


52 
15 
137 
20 
13 


52 
108 
2 
12 
19 
42 
88 
21 
54 
19 
10 
11 
29 
10 
14 
138 
20 
12 
62 
124 
67 
92 
51 
14 
23 
28 
25 
85 
4 
36 
1 
20 
45 
97 
22 
21 
7 
56 
48 
51 
10 
14 


24 


Mecklenburg . 


56 


Mitchell. 





Montgomery 


4 


Moore 


34 


Nash . 


21 


New Hanover.. 


51 


Northampton 


1 


Onslow 


15 


Orange 


10 


Pamlico 


1 


Pasquotank 


10 


Pender 


10 


Perquimans 


3 


Person 


11 


Pitt 


49 


Polk .. 


13 


Randolph 


15 


Richmond 


133 


Robeson 


50 


Rockingham 


44 


Rowan 


70 


Rutherford 


29 


Sampson 


7 


Scotland 


109 


Stanly 


15 


Stokes . 


29 


Surry 


16 


Swain 


6 


Transylvania 


8 


Tyrrell.... 


1 


Union 


408 


Vance 


33 


Wake... 


51 


Warren 


12 


Washington 


7 


Watauga 


8 


Wayne 


20 


Wilkes 


35 


Wilson 


40 


Yadkin . 


9 


Yancey 


8 






Total 


211,049 


80,154 


7,428 


4,593 


3,057 







Election Returns 



227 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
November 7, 1944 



Alamance.. 
Alexander.. 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort... 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick. 
Buncombe. 

Burke 

Cabarrus... 
Caldwell. .. 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay. 



Cleveland 

Columbus... 

Craven 

Cumberland. 

Currituck 

Dare 

Davidson 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe- 
Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson.. 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

JacKson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 



Counties 



Clyde R. 


A. I. 


Hoey 


Ferree 


Democrat 


Republican 


9,529 


4,174 


2,339 


2,891 


1,837 


1,275 


3,565 


352 


4,462 


4,441 


810 


2,968 


4,666 


787 


2,926 


63 


2,421 


483 


2,303 


1,933 


21,997 


7,638 


6,798 


5,589 


9,148 


3,740 


5,421 


4,108 


758 


88 


3,569 


1,369 


1,866 


356 


10,237 


6,807 


3,776 


2,271 


2,582 


2,564 


1,273 


69 


1,293 


1,226 


8,458 


2,059 


5,576 


1,275 


5,006 


377 


6,847 


1,297 


1,129 


87 


969 


193 


9,697 


9,338 


2,234 


3,178 


5,319 


1,261 


13,449 


2,219 


6,460 


197 


17,100 


7,984 


3,842 


167 


14,459 


4,680 


1,045 


83 


1,815 


1,356 


3,113 


191 


2,275 


83 


24,865 


9,997 


6,764 


160 


6,510 


2,852 


7,769 


2,678 


5,109 


4,161 


1,863 


52 


1,762 


109 


789 


212 


8,540 


4,169 


4,191 


2,611 


8,345 


4,144 


1,187 


133 


3,529 


593 


5,025 


295 


4,198 


3,494 


2,875 


2,420 


2,290 


4,184 


4,158 


95 



228 North Carolina Manual 

Vote for United States Senator, November 7, 1944 (Con't.) 



McDowell 

Mecklenburg. . 

Mitchell 

Montgomery-. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover. 
Northampton.. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. . . 

Pender... 

Perquimans. . . 

Person 

Pitt. 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. . 

Rowan 

Rutherford. __ 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

4Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania . 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Wash.ngtcn.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkis 

Wi.son 

Yadkin 

Yancey 



Total- 



Counties 



Clyde R. 


A.I. 


Hoey 


Ferree 


Democrat 


Republican 


3,958 


2,136 


28,381 


5,041 


1,026 


3,131 


2,739 


1,858 


3,890 


2,346 


7,417 


480 


9,892 


1,292 


3,344 


87 


2,539 


344 


3,454 


1,122 


1,237 


597 


2,715 


368 


1,731 


309 


929 


96 


2,467 


419 


7,815 


259 


2,462 


1,539 


7,356 


8,830 


5,383 


581 


7,259 


660 


8,525 


2,660 


10,092 


5,121 


7,641 


4,350 


4,193 


5,856 


2,351 


142 


5,643 


5,675 


4,033 


3,328 


7,194 


4,810 


2,120 


1,433 


3,043 


2,174 


595 


228 


5,662 


830 


4,060 


302 


19,108 


2,078 


2,461 


96 


1,799 


441 


3,379 


3,859 


6,213 


1,451 


5,669 


8,947 


6,129 


447 


2,451 


4,358 


3,320 


2,380 



533,813 



226,037 



VOTE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 



Proposed amendments to the Constitution of North Carolina 
submitted to a vote of the people at the General Election 
November 5, 1946 



NO. 1 
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 634, Session Laws 1945. 

Article I, Sections 1, 7, 11, 13, 19 and 26 amended to read as 
follows : 

"Section 1. The equality and rights of persons. That we hold 
it to be self-evident that all persons are created equal; that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that 
among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of their 
own labor, and the pursuit of happiness." 

"Sec. 7. Exchisive emoluments, et cetera. No person or set of 
persons are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privi- 
leges from the community but in consideration of public services." 

"Sec. 11. In criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions, 
every person charged with crime has the right to be informed of 
the accusation and to confront the accusers and witnesses with 
other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and not be com- 
pelled to give self-incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail 
fees, or necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found 
guilty." 

"Sec. 13. Right of jury. No person shall be convicted of any 
crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful 
persons in open court. The Legislature may, however, provide 
other means of trial, for petty misdemeanors, with the right of 
appeal." 

[229] 



230 North Carolina Manual 

"Sec. 19. Controversies at law respecting property. In all con- 
troversies at law respecting property, the ancient mode of trial 
by jury is one of the best securities of the rights of the people, and 
ought to remain sacred and inviolable. No person shall be excluded 
from jury service on account of sex." 

"Sec. 26. Religions liberty. All persons have a natural and in- 
alienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates 
of their own consciences, and no human authority should, in any 
case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience." 

Article VI, Section 1. Amended to read as follows: 

"Section 1. Who may vote. Every person born in the United 
States, and every person who has been naturalized, twenty-one 
years of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in this arti- 
cle, shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of the 
State, except as herein otherwise provided." 

NO. 2 
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT FAILED OF ADOPTION 

Chapter 1042, Session Laws 1945. 

Article II, Section 28. 

"PROVIDED FUPvTHER, that for the duration of both regular 
and special sessions the members shall receive, in addition to the 
salaries herein provided for, the sum of ten dollars per day for 
each day not to exceed sixty days in any one session in commuta- 
tion for expenses incurred for travel to and from their homes to 
the seat of government, subsistence, and other necessaiy expenses." 



Election Returns 



231 



VOTE ON FOREGOING AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 



Counties 


Amendment Number 1 

Making the Constitution 

Equally Applicable to 

Men and Women 


Amendment Number 2 

Allowing Limited Necessary 

Expenses of Members of the 

General Assembly 


Alimance ... 


For 

5,411 

1,562 

809 

875 

2,033 

1,008 

1,115 

507 

582 

1,731 

12,796 

3,534 

2,748 

2,943 

185 

1,777 

713 

3,650 

1,413 

2,065 

179 

508 

2,144 

1,243 

784 

827 

260 

340 

6,120 

1,788 

1,319 

2,812 

776 

7,450 

641 

4,501 

115 

695 

771 

202 

7,251 

790 

2,198 

3,185 

2,863 

332 

404 

238 

2,989 

1,582 

3,105 

178 

1,284 

553 

2,452 

1,824 

1,347 

585 


Against 

2,336 

2,281 

785 

653 

2,270 

864 

666 

336 

546 

1,082 

5,508 

4,137 

2,328 

2,748 

88 

652 

443 

2,496 

1,742 

1,140 

164 

178 

1,100 

1,365 

644 

878 

116 

86 

5,472 

764 

1,115 

879 

406 

3,204 

457 

2,669 

144 

703 

341 

289 

2,826 

690 

2,621 

3,046 

2,066 

199 

394 

128 

1,536 

2,910 

2,744 

179 

760 

411 

1,792 

1,549 

2,056 

551 


For 

3,730 

1,160 

641 

708 

1,865 

676 

804 

415 

463 

1,351 

9,648 

3,029 

2,243 

2,164 

117 

1,323 

537 

2,701 

1,132 

1,673 

145 

281 

1,591 

988 

619 

724 

184 

269 

5,179 

1,442 

1,103 

2,355 

590 

5,702 

435 

3,499 

101 

558 

648 

150 

5,403 

641 

1,619 

2,271 

2,452 

269 

382 

167 

1,998 

1,735 

2,314 

147 

860 

447 

2,061 

1,644 

948 

456 


Against 
2,910 


Alexander 


2,230 


Alleghany 


794 


Anson 


665 


Ashe 


2,232 


Avery 


870 


Beaufort 


791 


Bertie 


347 


Bladen 


588 


Brunswick 


1,122 


Buncombe 


7,116 


Burke 


3,761 


Cabarrus 


2,443 


Caldwell.... 


2,956 


Camden 


107 


Carteret 


739 


Caswell 


517 


Catawba 


2,733 


C hatham 


1,907 


Cherokee 


1,095 


Chowan 


175 


Clay... 


264 


Cleveland 


1,282 


Columbus ; 


1,396 


Craven 


680 


Cumberland 


856 


Currituck 


132 


Dare 


77 


Davidson 


5,950 


Davie 


785 


Duplin 


1,115 


Durham 


1,172 


Edgecombe 


527 


Forsyth. 


3,899 


Franklin 

Gaston 


582 
2,854 


Gates 


137 


Graham 


525 


Granville 


430 


Greene 


287 


Guilford 


3,780 


Halifax 


764 


Harnett 


2,799 


Haywood 


2,750 


Henderson 


2,187 


Hertford 


246 


Hoke 


360 


Hyde 


157 


Iredell 


1,999 


Jackson 


2,381 


Johnston 


2,960 


Jones 


184 


Lee 


989 


Lenoir 


469 


Lincoln 


1,768 


Macon 


1,351 


Madison 


1,911 


Martin 


590 



232 North Carolina Manual 

Vote on Foregoing Amendments by Counties — (Continued) 



Counties 


Amendment Number 1 

Making the Constitution 

Equally Applicable to 

Men and Women 


Amendment Number 2 

Allowing Limited Necessary 

Expenses of Members of the 

General Assembly 




For 

2,162 

5,968 

794 

1,223 

2,097 

770 

1,791 

592 

408 

1,419 

542 

324 

275 

172 

491 

1,120 

1,460 

3,167 

1,492 

1,111 

3,960 

5,494 

4,234 

3,066 

692 

3,874 

1,631 

1,769 

1,022 

2,207 

396 

922 

437 

4,121 

436 

283 

2,000 

1,117 

2,298 

1,267 

1,668 

2,176 


Against 

1,598 

2,237 

844 

1,261 

1,175 

548 

617 

707 

479 

797 

251 

309 

297 

123 

341 

822 

1,351 

4,171 

704 

763 

2,403 

2,328 

4,194 

2,067 

414 

2,649 

1,572 

1,106 

1,033 

2,237 

378 

675 

272 

1,971 

450 

319 

2,148 

684 

2,810 

436 

1,379 

1,943 


For 

1,809 

4,575 

604 

907 

1,562 

636 

1,338 

429 

313 

1,240 

351 

325 

245 

190 

367 

809 

1 .2.-.4 

2,272 

1,114 

861 

2,427 

3,176 

3,635 

2,184 

566 

2,829 

1,262 

1,238 

1,052 

2,030 

365 

673 

369 

2,749 

320 

249 

1,577 

822 

1,809 

830 

1,266 

1,635 


Against 
1,496 




2,900 


Mitchell 


786 




1,305 




1,421 




579 




909 




793 




472 




811 




316 




272 




278 




95 




392 


Pitt 


975 


Polk 


1,052 




4,291 




843 




910 




2,366 




3,730 




4,257 




2,228 




414 


Stanly -- -- 


3,149 




1,452 




1,165 




743 




1,902 


Tyrrell 


297 




742 




309 


Wake 


3,027 




524 




341 




2,155 




829 


Wilkes 


2,586 




667 


Yadkin 


1,348 


Yancey 


2,098 


Total 


186,540 


133,396 


143,021 

1 


143,918 







VOTE ON PROHIBITION 1881 AND 1908 



August, 1881 



May, 1908 



For 
Prohibition 
48,370 



Against 

Prohibition 

166,325 



For 
Prohibition 
113,612 



Against 

Prohibition 

69,416 



Vote on calling convention to consider proposed amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States repealing 
the 18th amendment and Election of Delegates. 



November, 1933 







Delegates 


Delegates 


For 


No 


For Repeal 


Against 


Convention 


Convention 


of 


Repeal of 






18th 


18th 


120,190 


293,484 


Amendment 


Amendment 






115,482 


300,054 



PART V 

GOVERNMENTAL BOARDS AND 
COMMISSIONS 



GOVERNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

Advisory Budget Commission 
1925, c. 89; 1929, c. 100, s. 4; 1931, c. 295; .G. S. 143-4 

Composition : Six members. Chairman of the Appropriations 
and Finance Committees of the House and Senate, and two mem- 
bers appointed by the Governor. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

LeRoy Martin Raleigh 

T. Clarence Stone _ Stoneville 

Appointed by the Legislature: 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 

Wade Barber. _ Pittsboro 

Joe L. Blythe Charlotte 

NORTH CAROLINA AERONAUTICS COMMISSION 
1945, c. 198; G. S. 63-39 
Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Roy Rowe, Chairman ... Burgaw 

William Olsen „ _ _ Raleigh 

Thomas Davis ... Winston-Salem 

Paul McMurray...... _ Fletcher 

Herbert H. Baxter Charlotte 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE 

Rev. s. 3931; Code s. 2184; 1901, c 479, ss. 2, 4; 1907, c. 876, s. 1; 

1931, c. 360, s. 1; 1937, c. 174; C. S. 4661; G. S. 106-2 

Composition: Eleven members, ten appointed by the Governor. 

W. Kerr Scott, Chairman, Ex-officio _ — Raleigh 

W. B. Austin - .....Jefferson 

W. I. Bissette _ Grifton 

Chas. F. Cates Mebane 

Hoyle C. Griffin „ - - Monroe 

Claude T. Hall - Woodsdale 

D. J. Lybrook _ .. — ~ ...Advance 

[237] 



238 North Carolina Manual 

D. R. Noland Waynesville 

Miss Ethel Parker ...._ Gatesville 

J. H. Poole West End 

Lionel Weil _ Goldsboro 

STATE BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 
1937, c. 49, ss. 2, 3; c. 411; 1939, c. 185, s. 5; 
1941, c. 107, s. 5; G. S. 18-37; G. S. 18-38 
Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Carl L. Williamson, Chairman _ Raleigh 

Sam Etheridge Washington 

S. C. Brawley _ Durham 

Roy L. Davis, Secretary _._ Manteo 

STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

Rev. s. 4539; 1903, c. 767, s. 2; 1907, c. 714, s. 1; 1941, c. 306; 

1943, c. 237; 1945, c. 55; C. S. 6141; G. S. 121-1 
Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

R. D. W. Connor, Chairman „ _ Chapel Hill 

Miss Gertrude S. Carraway _ ...New Bern 

3. Allan Dunn _...._ Salisbury 

Clarence W. Griffin _ Forest City 

W. T. Laprade _ _._ Durham 

McDaniel Lewis Greensboro 

Mrs. P. F. Patton „ Hendersonville 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSMENT 

1939, c. 310, s. 200; 1941, c. 327, s. 6; 1947 c. 184; G. S. 105-273 

Composition: Five members, all Ex-officio under the Act. 

Edwin Gill, Commissioner of Revenue, Chairman Raleigh 

W. O. Suiter, Director of Department of Tax Research Raleigh 

Stanley Winborne, Chairman, Public Utilities Commission...Raleigh 
Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 239 

Charles M. Johnson, Director of Local Government Raleigh 

J. C. Bethune, Secretary _ _ Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE ART SOCIETY 
1929, c. 314; G. S. 140-1 

Composition: Sixteen members. Four members Ex-officio; four 
members appointed by the Governor; eight members elected by 
the Art Society. 
Ex-officio: 

R. Gregg Cherry, Governor _ _ Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney-General _ _ Raleigh 

Clyde A. Erwin, Superintendent of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Mrs. Edwin P. Brown, Chairman of the Art Department, 

State Federation of Women's Clubs Murfreesboro 

Appointed: 

Dean Alice Baldwin _ _ Durham 

Mrs. Charles A. Cannon „ Concord 

Mrs. Loui s V. Sutton ....._ Raleigh 

Robert L. Humber „ Greenville 

Elected : 

J. Melville Broughton _ _. Raleigh 

William Henley Deitrick - _ Raleigh 

Mrs. Isabelle Bowen Henderson _ „ Raleigh 

Joseph S. Hutchison „ ....Charlotte 

Col. William T. Joyner _...._ Raleigh 

Miss Katharine Morris Raleigh 

Dr. Clarence Poe „ Raleigh 

Mrs. James H. Webb _ „ Fayetteville 

Miss Lucy Cherry Crisp, Executive Secretary ...Raleigh 

STATE BANKING COMMISSION 
1931, c. 243> s. 1; 1935, c. 266; 1939, c. 91, s. 1; G. S. 53-92 

Composition: Seven members. Two Exofficio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Chas. M. Johnson, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 



240 North Carolina Manual 

Harry McMullan, Ex-officio _ Raleigh 

B. Bascom Blackwelder, Secretary Hickory 

H. D. Bateman ; Wilson 

R. P. Holding Smithfield 

R. C. Lewellyn _ . Dobson 

Boyd B. Massagee Hendersonville 

STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 
1935, c. 53, s. 1; 1937, c. 285; G. S. 111-1; 111-3 

Composition: Eleven members. Five Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

Judge Sam M. Cathey, Chairman Asheville 

Dr. Howard E. Jensen Durham 

Ernest R. Alexander „ _ Kannapolis 

V. J. Ashbaugh Durham 

H. I. McDougle Charlotte 

Thomas S. Payne Washington 

Ex-officio Members: 

Ernest C. McCracken Raleigh 

E. N. Peeler Raleigh 

Dr. Carl V. Reynolds Raleigh 

Charles H. Warren Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston Raleigh 

H. A. Wood, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

N. C. BOARD OF BOILER RULES 
1935, c. 326; G. S. 95-54 

Composition: Five members. One Ex-officio, four appointed by 
the Governor. 

Forrest H. Shuford, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

William W. Lloyd Greensboro 

Wm. E. Shuping _ _ Greensboro 

William H. Ruffin. _ ,....- „ _ Durham 

R. Gordon Thomas „ Raleigh 

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 
1933, c. 392, s. 4; 1941, c. 280, s. 2; G. S. 143-139 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 
Walter W. Hooke, Chairman Charlotte 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 241 

Ross Shumaker, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

Robert H. Pinnix, Secretary Gastonia 

J. C. Warr - - - - Hamlet 

L. H. Rouse - _ _ Wilmington 

BOARD OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 
1941, c. 224, s. 2; G. S. 129-2 

Composition: Five members, all Ex-officio under above Act. 

R. Gregg Cherry, Governor _ — Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State. Raleigh 

Charles M. Johnson, Treasurer - Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 

R. G. Deyton, Asst. Director Budget Raleigh 

BOARD OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

1925, c. 122, s. 6; 1927, c. 57; 1941, c. 45; 1945, c. 638; 

G. S. 113-4; 113-5 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

R. Gregg Cherry, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

Josh L. Home, Vice-Chairman _ Rocky Mount 

J. Wilbur Bunn Raleigh 

Oscar P. Breece Fayetteville 

K. Clyde Council - - Wananish 

R. Floyd Crouse Sparta 

W. J. Damtoft - — .- Canton 

Percy B. Ferebee - Andrews 

A. H. Guion - Charlotte 

W. Roy Hampton Plymouth 

Robert W. Proctor - - Marion 

Miles J. Smith - - Salisbury 

D. M. Stafford Pomona 

A. K. Winget Albemark 

Eric Rodgers - Scotland Neck 

Chas. S. Allen Durham 

R. Bruce Etheridge, Director - Manteo 



242 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF CORRECTION 
AND TRAINING 

1943, c. 776; s. 1; 1945, c. 847; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-90* 
Composition: 10 members. One Ex-Officio, 9 appointed by the 
Governor. 

C. A. Dillon, Chairman - Raleigh 

Dr. W. A. Stanbury, Vice-Chairman. — — Gastonia 

Mrs. Howard G. Etheridga....- Asheville 

W. N. Harrell _ - Wilson 

T. A. Haywood - — Rockingham 

Miss Diana Dyer Winston-Salem 

W. Jasper Smith Bethel 

Sankey L. Blanton Wake Forest 

Dr. C. F. Strosnider Goldsboro 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston (Ex-officio) _ _ Raleigh 

S. E. Leonard, Commissioner „ „ Raleigh 

*(This Board has the management of the Stonewall Jackson 
Training School, Eastern Carolina Training School, State Home 
and Industrial School, Morrison Training School and State Train- 
ing School for Negro Girls.) 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

N. C. Constitution, Art. IX. sec. 8; 

G. S. 115-16 

Composition: Thirteen members. Three Ex-officio; ten appointed 
by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly. 
L. Y. Ballentine, Lieutenant Governor, 

Chairman, Ex-officio „ Raleigh 

D. Hiden Ramsey, Vice-Chairman Asheville 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt., Public Instruction, 

Secretary, Ex-officio „ _ Raleigh 

Charles M. Johnson, State Treasurer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

J. A. Pritchett , Windsor 

A. McL. Graham , _ Clinton 

A. S. Brower _ _...._ _ ...Durham 

H. E. Stacy...... „ „...„Lumberton 

Santford Martin „ Winston-Salem 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 243 

Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

J. Harold Lineberger .._ Belmont 

A. C. Edwards - Hookerton 

B. B. Dougherty - Boone 

STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 
Rev. 4300; 1901, c. 89, s. 5; 1933, c. 165, s. 1; C. S. 5921; G. S. 163-8 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Hubert E. Olive, Chairman (D) Lexington 

Walter H. Woodson, Secretary (D) Salisbury 

J. Ray Morgan (D) _'..._ Waynesville 

Adrian S. Mitchell (R) - _ _..... Winton 

Thomas C. Carter ( R) - — Mebane 

R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary _ .......Raleigh 

EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

Ex. 1936 c. 1, s. 10; 1941, c. 108, s. 10; 1941, c. 279, ss. 1-3; 
1943, c. 277, s. 15; 1947 c. 598; G. S. 96-3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Henry E. Kendall, Chairman _ Raleigh 

R. Dave Hall „ _ Belmont 

Marion W. Heiss Greensboro 

C. A. Fink „._ .._ - ...- Spencer 

Dr. Harry D. Wolf. _..... - - Chapel Hill 

J udge C . E . Cowan.._ „ ,.- _ _ - - Morganton 

Mrs. W. T. Bost _ - _ Raleigh 

GASOLINE AND OIL INSPECTION BOARD 
1937, c. 425, s. 9; 1941, c. 220; G. S. 119-26 

Composition: Five members. Two Ex-officio, three appointed by 
the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, Commissioner Revenue, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 
H. L. Shankle, Director Gasoline and Oil Inspection 

Division, Secretary, Ex-officio _ - Raleigh 

J. H. Quattlebaum _ Charlotte 

Henry C. Dobson _ - _ Elkin 

Ray Bandy , Rocky Mount 



244 North Carolina Manual 

GENERAL STATUTES COMMISSION 

1945, c. 157, G. S. 164-14 

Composition: Nine Members appointed as follows: One each by 
the Presidents of the N. C. State Bar and N. C. Bar Association; 
one each by the Deans of the law schools of Duke, Wake Forest 
and the University of N. C; one each by the President of the 
Senate and the Speaker of the House, and two by the Governor. 

Robert F. Moseley, Chairman Greensboro 

I. M. Bailey Raleigh 

I. Beverly Lake Wake Forest 

Luther E. Barnhart — Concord 

Frank W. Hanft Chapel Hill 

Fred B. Helms _ Charlotte 

Dr. Malcolm McDermott _ Durham 

Henry A. McKinnon _ Lumberton 

Ralph H. Ramsey, Jr „ _ _ Brevard 

Clifton W. Beckwith, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1938, c. 390, s. 8; 1941, c. 357, s. 6; 1943, c. 535; 
1945, c. 526; 1947, c. 259; G. S. 128-28 

Composition: Ten members. Two Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Charles M. Johnson, State Treasurer, Chairman, Ex-officio...Raleigh 

Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. Public Instruction, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Caldwell McDonald Charlotte 

Paul Kelly - - Raleigh 

Millard F. Jones - _ _ _ Rocky Mount 

Jonathan Woody _ — Waynesville 

Mrs. Annie Swindell _ _ Durham 

Walter C. Sanders _ _ _ Monroe 

Thomas F. Royal Wadesboro 

Earl Tate ". Lenoir 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary .._ Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 245 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

Rev. s. 4435; Code, s. 2875; 1879, c. 177, s. 1; 1885, c. 237, s. 1; 
1893, c. 214, s. 1; 1911, c. 62, s. 1; 1931, c. 177, s. 1; 1945, c. 281; 

C. S. 7048; G. S. 130-1 

Composition: Nine members. Five appointed by the Governor, 
four elected by the Medical Society. 

Dr. S. D. Craig, President Winston-Salem 

Dr. G. G. Dixon, Vice-President _ _ Ayden 

Dr. H. Lee Large Rocky Mount 

Dr. W. T. Rainey Fayetteville 

Dr. Hubert B. Haywood _ Raleigh 

Dr. John LaBruce Ward Asheville 

Dr. James O. Nolan Kannapolis 

Mr. Jasper C. Jackson Lumberton 

Dr. Paul E. Jones _ _ Farmville 

Dr. Carl V. Reynolds, State Health Officer, Secretary Raleigh 

STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION 

1933, c. 172, s. 2; 1935, c. 257; s. 1; 1937, c. 297, s. 1; 
1941, c. 57, s. 1; 1945, c. 895; G. S. 136-1 

Composition : Chairman and ten commissioners appointed by the 
Governor. , 

A. H. Graham, Chairman Raleigh 

Merrill Evans Ahoskie 

John G. Clark _ Greenville 

James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

John N. Hackney _.. Wilson 

George W. Kane _ Roxboro 

Henry W. Jordan _ Cedar Falls 

Ben E. Douglas _ Charlotte 

Raymond Smith. _ „ Mt. Airy 

T. Max Watson Spindale 

John A. Goode _ _ _ Asheville 

STATE (HOSPITAL) ADVISORY COUNCIL 

1945, c. 1096; G. S. 131-120 

Claude F. Gaddy, Chairman Raleigh 

R. E. Earp, M. D Selma 



246 North Carolina Manual 

James P. Richardson Charlotte 

George Watts Hill Durham 

David A. Young, M.D Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITALS BOARD OF CONTROL 
1943, c. 136; 1945, c. 925; G. S. 122-7* 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

H. O. Lineberger, Chairman _ Raleigh 

W. G. Clark, Vice-Chairman Tarboro 

Mrs. Andrew Blair, Secretary _ Charlotte 

T. C. Byrum _ _ _ Edenton 

Thomas O'Berry Goldsboro 

R. P. Richardson _ _ Reidsville 

John Umstead _ „ „ Chapel Hill 

J. L. Dawkins _ _ Fayetteville 

Ryan McBryde Raeford 

T. V. Goode, M. D ... Statesville 

Yates S. Palmer, M. D . Valdese 

Francis A. Whiteside _ Gastonia 

Baxter C. Jones Bryson City 

Leonard L. Oettinger _ Kinston 

Mrs. Rivers D. Johnson Warsaw 

David A. Young, M.D., General Superintendent Raleigh 

R. M. Rothgeb, General Business Manager _ Raleigh 

*(This Board has the management of the State Hospital at 
Raleigh, the State Hospital at Morganton, the State Hospital at 
Goldsboro, and the Caswell Training School) 

NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

1929, c. 120, s. 51; 1931, c. 274, s. 8; G. S. 97-77 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

T. A. Wilson, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Pat Kimzey _ _ Brevard 

Buren Jurney _ Statesville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 247 



<.■ 



NORTH CAROLINA INSURANCE ADVISORY BOARD 

1945, c. 383, G. S. 58-27.1 

Composition: Seven Members. One statutory and six appointed 
by the Governor. 
William P. Hodges, Commissioner of Insurance, 

Chairman, (Statutory) _ - - - Raleigh 

W. H. Andrews - —.- - - Greensboro 

Thomas F. Southgate - - - - Durham 

George F. Jones .Charlotte 

Edwin Pate - - -....- Laurinburg 

John H. Anderson, Jr -_- - - Raleigh 

W. H. Nelson - -....- Spray 

THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE LAW 

ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' BENEFIT 

AND RETIREMENT FUND 

1937, c. 349, s. 8; 1939, c. 6; 1941 cc. 56, 157; 1943, c. 145; 

G. S. 143-166 

Composition: Seven members. Three Ex-officio, four appointed 
by the Governor. 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman, Ex-officio. Raleigh 

William P. Hodges, Commissioner Insurance, 

Secretary, Ex-officio „ _ _ - Raleigh 

Charles M. Johnson, State Treasurer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Walter F. Anderson Raleigh 

C. V. Faulkner Nashville 

B. Everett Jordan _._ . Saxapahaw 

W. B. Lentz Asheville 

LIBRARY COMMISSION OF NORTH CAROLINA 

1909, c. 873, s. 1; C. S. 6597; G. S. 125-18 

Composition: Five members. Two Ex-officio, two appointed by 
the N. C. Library Association, one appointed by the Governor. 

Carrie Broughton, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Superintendent Public 

Instruction, Ex-officio _ - Raleigh 

Mrs. Ford S. Worthy _ - Washington 

Lawrence Wallace _ - Smithfield 

J. W. Adkins _ ~ Gastonia 

Miss Marjorie Beal, Executive Secretary. _ Raleigh 



248 North Carolina Manual 



LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 



♦ 



1931, c. 60, s. 7; 1931, c. 296, s. 8; 1933, c. 31, s. 1; 

G. S. 159-3 

Composition : Nine members. Four Ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Chas. M. Johnson, State Treasurer, Chairman 

and Treasurer, Ex-officio _ Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, Commissioner of Revenue, Ex-officio Raleigh 

R. Lynn Bernhardt ~ Salisbury 

S. P. Douglas Lumberton 

W. F. Carr. - Durham 

Jas. G. Haynes Winston-Salem 

Jno. L. Skinner Littleton 

W. E. Easterling, Secretary „ Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 

1945, c. 1096, G. S. 131-117 

Composition: Twenty members. Two Ex-officio, eighteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

James H. Clark, Chairman. _ Elizabethtown 

Clarence Poe, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

J. W. Bean „ _ Spencer 

Paul B. Bissette Wilson 

Franklin J. Blythe _ _ Charlotte 

W. M. Coppridge, M.D „ Durham 

Don S. Elias _ ....„ Asheville 

Sample B. Forbus _ Durham 

G. Fred Hale, D.D.S _ _ ....._ Raleigh 

Fred C. Hubbard, M.D _ North Wilkesboro 

B. Everett Jordan _ _ Saxapahaw 

W. S. Rankin, M.D ...._ Charlotte 

Mrs. Dillard Reynolds _ _ Winston-Salem 

William M. Rich ..... Durham 

W. B. Rodman, Jr _ _ ...... Washington 

Rev. C. E. Rozzelle Winston-Salem 

Flora Wakefield, R.N Raleigh 

J. Street Brewer, M.D Roseboro 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 249 

Carl V. Reynolds, M.D., Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston, Ex-officio Raleigh 

John A. Ferrell, M.D., Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MERIT SYSTEM COUNCIL 

1941, c. 370, s. 1; G. S. 126-1 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

J. L. Memory, Jr., Chairman Wake Forest 

John P. Stedman Lumberton 

Andrew Joyner, Jr. Greensboro 

Col. J. W. Harrelson _ Raleigh 

Holt McPherson Shelby 

Dr. Frank T. DeVyver, Supervisor Durham 

N. C. MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CONTROL 

1917, c. 136, sub. c. 2, s. 4; 1935, c. 440; 1941, c. 97; 
C. S. 2779; G. S. 160-196 

Composition: Three members. All Ex-officio under the Act. 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General, Chairman Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Secretary —..Raleigh 

Stanley Winborne, Chairman Utilities Commission Raleigh 

THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE BAR COUNCIL 

1933, c. 210; 1937, c. 51; G. S. 84-17 

Composition : Twenty-five members of the Council. Four Ex- 
officio as officers of the North Carolina State Bar, and one each 
from the twenty-one Judicial Districts of the State. 

OFFICERS: 

Fred B. Helms, President _ Charlotte 

Joseph B. Cheshire, First Vice President Raleigh 

Thomas P. Pruitt, Second Vice President Hickory 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

COUNCILLORS: 

Junius D. Grimes, First District _ Washington 

Z. V. Norman, Second District _ Plymouth 

Julius Banzet, Third District „ Warrenton 

D. H. Bland, Fourth District Goldsboro 

*1— W. B. R. Guion, Fifth District New Bern 

*1 — Replaced 1937 by Julius Brown Greenville 



250 North Carolina Manual 

John D. Warlick, Sixth District Jacksonville 

I. M. Bailey, Seventh District - Raleigh 

Louis J. Poisson, Eighth District Wilmington 

Dickson McLean, Ninth District Lumberton 

R. P. Reade, Tenth District _...:. Durham 

G. H. Hastings, Eleventh District , Winston-Salem 

A. W. Sapp, Twelfth District _ _ — Greensboro 

W. L. Mann, Thirteenth District _ Albemarle 

J. Laurence Jones, Fourteenth District _ Charlotte 

John A. Scott, Fifteenth District ...Statesville 

P>. F. Williams, Sixteenth District _ Lenoir 

*2 — Eugene Trivette, Seventeenth District North Wilkesboro 

Charles Hutchins, Eighteenth District Burnsville 

Kester Walton, Nineteenth District Asheville 

*3 — Gilmer A. Jones, Twentieth District Franklin 

P. W. Glidewell, Sr., Twenty-first District Reidsville 

*2 — Replaced 1947 by Kyle Hayes North Wilkesboro 

3 — Replaced 1947 by John Queen Waynesville 



* 



STATE BOARD OF PENSIONS 

1921, c. 189, s. 1; C. S. 5168(a); G. S. 112-7 

Composition: Three members. All Ex-officio under the above Act. 

R. Gregg Cherry, Governor _ _ Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, Auditor _ „ Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PORTS AUTHORITY 
1945, c. 1097, s. 1, G. S. 143-216 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

R. B . Page, Chairman „ _ _. Wilmington 

A. G. Myers, Vice-Chairman _ _.....Gastonia 

W. O. Huske, Secretary and Treasurer Fayetteville 

H. S. Gibbs Morehead City 

Samuel B. Frink _ _ _Southport 

T. Henry Wilson _ _...._ Morganton 

J. H. White Winston-Salem 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 251 

STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

1937, c. 132, s. 5; G. S. 15-201 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin _._ Raleigh 

Judge W. C. Harris Raleigh 

Dr. John S. Bradway. _ Durham 

Judge Wilson Warlick „ , Newton 

L. P. McLendon „. _ _ Greensboro 

J. H. Sample, Director.. Asheville 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

Rev. s. 3513; Code, s. 2331; 1868-9, c. 170, s. 2; 1909, c. 899; 1937, 
c. 319, s. 1; 1943, c. 775, s. 1; 1945, c. 43; C. S. 5004; G. S. 108-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

W. A. Blair, Chairman _ Winston-Salem 

E. Hervey Evans, Vice-Chairman .'. Laurinburg 

Mrs. R. H. Latham, Secretary Asheville 

Robert Hairston _ Reidsville 

Mrs. Walter C. Crowell „._ _ „ Monroe 

R. A. Whitaker Kinston 

Frank A. Daniels _ Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Raleigh 

DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 

1931, cc. 261, 396; C. S. 7502; G. S. 143-48 

W. Z. Betts, Director Raleigh 

Board of Award: 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Joe L. Blythe Charlotte 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 

T. Clarence Stone Stoneville 

LeRoy Martin Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA RECREATION COMMISSION 

1945, c. 757, s. 3; G. S. 143-207 

Composition: Eleven members. Four Ex-officio, seven appointed 
by the Governor. 



252 North Carolina Manual 

R. Gregg Cherry, Governor, Ex-officio - Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, Ex-officio - - Raleigh 

R. Bruce Etheridge, Director, Department of 

Conservation and Development, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner of Public 

Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

R. L. McMillan, Chairman - Raleigh 

Montgomery S. Hill, Vice-Chairman - Greensboro 

Rev. Charles S. Hubbard ....-._ Hillsboro 

W. J. Kennedy, Jr Durham 

Mrs. John G. Newitt... -....- .Charlotte 

Max A. Parrish - Gastonia 

R. W. Watkins - _...Boone 

ROANOKE ISLAND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION 
1945, c. 953, G. S. 143-200 

Composition : Twenty-four members. Three Ex-officio, twenty • 
one appointed by the Association. 
Officers: 

J. Melville Broughton, Chairman _ Raleigh 

Josephus Daniels, Honorary Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

Herbert Peele, Honorary Vice-Chairman Elizabeth City 

W. D. Carmichael, Honorary Vice-Chairman Chapel Hill 

Melvin Daniels, Vice-Chairman _ Manteo 

C. S. Meekins, Treasurer Manteo 

Isaac P. Davis, Secretary _ Manteo 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Historian „ Raleigh 

Martin Kellogg, General Counsel _ Manteo 

Directors : 

R. Gregg Cherry, Governor, Ex-officio „ Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General, Ex-officio _ Raleigh 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Depaitment 

Archives & History, Ex-officio „ _ Raleigh 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus _ Raleigh 

J. Spencer Love _ _ Greensboro 

Miles Clark Elizabeth City 

Mrs. Dillard Reynolds „ Winston-Salem 

D. Hiden Ramsey Asheville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 253 

Victor Meekins _ _ ...._ Manteo 

John Harden _.. _ - Raleigh 

Mrs. Frank P. Graham _ _ Chapel Hill 

Bishop Thomas Darst Wilmington 

E. L. Winslow Hertford 

Mrs. Ford S. Worthy Washington 

R. Bruce Etheridge _ _ Raleigh 

Theodore S. Meekins _ Manteo 

Roy Davis Raleigh 

M. K. Fearing Manteo 

Dr. C. Sylvester Green Durham 

Mrs. Charles A. Cannon - Concord 

Paul Green.._ _ Ghapel Hill 

Samuel Selden _ _ - _ Chapel Hill 

J. Melville Broughton _ Raleigh 

Melvin Daniels Manteo 

NORTH CAROLINA RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AUTHORITY 
1935, c. 288, s. 1; G. S. 117-1 

Composition: Six members appointed by the Governor. 

Gwyn B. Price, Chairman _ _ Raleigh 

Dr. S. H. Hobbs, Jr., Vice-Chairman _ Chapel Hill 

Dr. Jane S. McKimmon Raleigh 

E. F. Allen _ _ Lenoir 

W. M. Sherard. Hendersonville 

D. E. Purcell Reidsville 

STATE STREAM SANITATION AND CONSERVATION 

COMMITTEE 

1945, c. 1010, s. 3; G. S. 143-213 

Composition: Sixteen members. Six Ex-officio, ten appointed by 
the Governor. 

James M. Jarrett, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

W. H. Riley, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Carl V. Reynolds, M.D., Ex-officio _ Raleigh 

R. Bruce Etheridge, Ex-officio _ Raleigh 

Herman G. Baity, Ex-officio _ _ Chapel Hill 

Capus Waynick, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Fred Doutt : _ Canton 



254 North Carolina Manual 

John C. Roberts , Gastonia 

Earl N. Phillips _ High Point 

Walker Lyerly „ Hickory 

Roy Williamson Rocky Mount 

J. V. Whitfield _ _ _ Burgaw 

W. P. Saunders _ _ Robbins 

J. S. Silversteen _ Brevard 

John H. Isenhour „ Salisbury 

T. F. Bridgers Wilson 

THE NORTH CAROLINA SYMPHONY SOCIETY, INC. 

1943> c. 755; G. S. 140-6 

Composition: Sixteen members. Two Ex-officio, four appointed 
by the Governor, ten chosen by the members of the Symphony 
Society. 

Officers : 

Spencer Murphy, President Salisbury 

Mrs. Chas. E. Johnson, Vice-President _ Raleigh 

R. M. Grumman, Exec. Vice-President Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Kay Dixon, Secretary „ Gastonia 

A. C. Hall, Treasurer , Raleigh 

Directors: 

Governor R. Gregg Cherry, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Mrs. C. M. Hassell, Honorary Charlotte 

J. Melville Broughton _ _ Raleigh 

Mrs. A. C. Burnham _ Chapel Hill 

Mrs. R. Gregg Cherry Gastonia 

Mrs. Robert A. Dunn ;; _ Charlotte 

L. C. Gifford Hickory 

Paul Green _ _ Chapel Hill 

Harry H. Straus _ _ Brevard 

J. Spencer Love _ Greensboro 

Benjamin F. Swalin _ Chapel Hill 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 255 

TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1941, c. 25, s. 6; 1943, c. 719; 1947, c. 259; G. S. 135-6 

Composition: Eight members. Two Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Charles M. Johnson, State Treasurer 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. Public Instruction, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Paul Kelly _ - Raleigh 

Millard F. Jones _ Rocky Mount 

Jonathan Woody Waynesville 

Mrs. Annie Swindell Durham 

Walter C. Sanders Monroe 

Thomas F. Royal Wadesboro 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary _ Raleigh 

TEXTBOOK COMMISSION 

1923, c. 136, s. 325; 1943, c. 627, s. 1; 1945, 
c. 707, ss. 4, 12; C. S. 5735; G. S. 115-278.4 

Composition: Twelve members. Appointed by the Governor and 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

Dr. L. E. Spikes, Chairman Burlington 

Elementary Division: 

Frances Lacy, Secretary Raleigh 

Grace Brunson Winston-Salem 

R. T. Kimzey Brevard 

Cleo Rainwater _ Greenville 

Mrs. Floyd Souders _ Fayetteville 

Mrs. Manley Williams , _ Wilmington 

High SrJiool Division: 

Jinsie Underwood, Secretary _ _ _ Gastonia 

Eloise Camp „ Kannapolis 

Iva E. Shockley Durham 

E. M. Thompson.. _ _ Burgaw 

George S. Willard, Jr _ Wilson 



256 North Carolina Manual 

UTILITIES COMMISSION 
1933, c. 134; 1941, c. 97; G. S. 62-1 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the Senate. 

Stanley Winborne, Chairman _ Raleigh 

Fred C. Hunter Raleigh 

Robert Grady Johnson Raleigh 

Charles Z. Flack, Chief Clerk _ Forest City 

VETERANS COMMISSION 
1945, c. 723, G. S. 165-5 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Burgin Pennell, Chairman _ „ Asheville 

Robin S. Kirby, Vice-Chairman Charlotte 

S. Amos Maynard „ Greensboro 

Josiah A. Maultsby Whiteville 

Herbert H. Taylor Tarboro 

Horace L. Johnson, Director Smithfield 

N. C. WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 
1947 c. 263 

District 

1 — Jas. R. Winslow Robersonville 

2— Thomas J. White Kinston 

3 — S. B. Coley, Chairman Raleigh 

4 — Harry A. Greene Raeford 

5 — Frank T. Er-win Durham 

6— D. K. Sing Charlotte 

7 — R. Floyd Crouse Sparta 

8 — Geo. W. Keesee Gastonia 

9 — Dan M. Furr Asheville 

Willis King, Acting Director Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA INSTITUTIONS 

CORRECTIONAL (White) 

Eastern Carolina Industrial Training School for Boys, 

Rocky Mount 

1923, c. 254, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 5; 1927, c. 144; C. S. 7362; 

G. S. 134-67 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

State Home and Industrial School for Girls, Samarcand 

1917, c. 255, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 4; 1929, c. 279, s. 1; 1937, c. 147, 
s. 1; 1947, c. 226; C. S. 7329; G. S. 134-22 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School, Concord 

1907, c. 509, s. 6; 1907, c. 955, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 2; 
C. S. 7313; G. S. 134-1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

CORRECTIONAL (Negro) 

Morrison Training School, Hoffman 

1921, c. 190, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 6; 1927, c. 63; 1941, c. 241; 

G. S. 134-90 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

State Training School for Negro Girls, Kinston 
1943, c. 381; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-84.1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

[257] 



258 North Carolina Manual 

EDUCATIONAL (WHITE) 
APPALACHIAN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, BOONE 

Rev. s. 4229; 1903, c. 798, ss. 1, 9, 11; 1907, c. 526, s. 1; 1915, c. 527, 

s. 1; 1917, c. 100, s. 1; 1919, c. 231, s. 1; Pr. 1925, c. 204; 

Pr. 1929, c. 66; G. S. 116-66 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by Senate. 

V. D. Guire, President - - Lenoir 

G. P. Hagaman, Vice-President Spruce Pine 

* Eugene Transou - Sparta 

W. M. Moore - - - Statesville 

T. C. Bowie West Jefferson 

W. J. Conrad, Jr Winston-Salem 

Hugh Cranor - -.....- Wilkesboro 

Wade E. Brown - - Boone 

Mrs. E. F. Reed - Lenoir 

* Deceased 

EAST CAROLINA TEACHERS COLLEGE, GREENVILLE 

1907, cc. 515, 820; 1911, c. 159, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 7; 1927, c. 164; 
1929, c. 259; C. S. 5866; G. S. 116-59 
Composition: Thirteen members. Twelve appointed by the Gov- 
ernor with the approval of the Senate. One Ex-officio. 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Arthur B. Corey - ~ Greenville 

John P. Steadman Lumberton 

Arthur L. Tyler Rocky Mount 

Warren R. Williams - - - - Sanford 

Mrs. Charles M. Johnson „ - Raleigh 

Thomas J. Hacknev ....._ _ Wilson 

Dr. Lewis H. Swindell Washington 

Ralph M. Garrett _ Greenville 

Henry Belk - - - Goldsboro 

C. P. Morris - - - Hertford 

Hugh G. Horton _ Williamston 

T. T. Hamilton , ,. Wilmington 



North Carolina Institutions 259 

N. C. SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF AT MORGANTON 

Rev. s. 4293; 1891, c. 399, s. 2; 1901, c. 210; 1925, c. 306, s. 11; 
C. S. 5889; G. S. 116-121 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Howard E. Rondthaler, President Winston-Salem 

W. M. Shuford, Vice-President -.. - Concord 

H. L. Wilson, Secretary Morganton 

W. L. Morris - - - — Marion 

L. A. Dysart - - _...- Lenoir 

Rev. James R. Fortune - - - - Durham 

Dr. F. E. Motley - - Charlotte 

OXFORD ORPHANAGE, OXFORD 

Private Laws, 1923, c. 119 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. R. L. Flowers — - Durham 

T. L. Simmons - Rocky Mount 

Benjamin Cone -..Greensboro 

PEMBROKE STATE COLEGE FOR INDIANS, PEMBROKE 

1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1929, c. 238; 1931, c. 275; 1941, c. 323; 

G. S. 116-81 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

L. W. Jacobs, Chairman _ - Pembroke 

John L. Carter, Secretary _ Pembroke 

S. A. Hammonds Lumberton 

Edmund Lowry _ _ Rowland 

M. L. Lowry _ Pembroke 

Z. A. Lowry Pembroke 

Elias Harris Maxton 

J. O. Brooks _ Fairmont 

C. L. Maynor _ _ Pembroke 

James A. Sampson _ Pembroke 

J. R. Spaulding .Rowland 

James E. Hillman, Ph.D., Director Raleigh 



260 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND, RALEIGH 

Rev., 4187; Code, s. 2227; 1881, c. 211, s. 1; 1917, c. 135, s. 1; 
1925, c. 306, s. 10; G. S. 116-106 

Composition : Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Alfred Williams, Chairman _ Raleigh 

George R. Bennette _ Greensboro 

J. Edward Allen _ Warrenton 

E. J. Britt _ Lumberton 

Mrs. E. R. Buchan Kinston 

W. G. Enloe „ Raleigh 

Allison B. Farmer _ _ Bailey 

James Penland Asheville 

Ben R. Roberts _ _ Durham 

Dr. Carl V. Tyner _ Leaksville 

Carroll W. Weathers _ Raleigh 

E. N. Peeler, Secretary Raleigh 

TRUSTEES UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

University of Ncrth Carolina at Chapel Hill 

The State College of Agriculture and Engineering of the 

University of North Carolina at Raleigh 
Woman's College of the University of North Carolina 

at Greensboro 

Composition : One hundred members. Elected by the General 
Assembly. The legal term of office expires April 1st of year in- 
dicated. 

C. S. 5789; G. S. 116-4 

* Executive Committee 
Governor R. Gregg Cherry, Chairman Raleigh 

1948 

John Sprunt Hill _ - Durham 

Edwin Pate - Laurinburg 

John J. Parker Charlotte 



North Carolina Institutions 261 

1950 

Mrs. Laura Weil Cone _ - Greensboro 

Mrs. May L. Tomlinson _ High Point 

Victor S. Bryant _ - Durham 

1952 

Josephus Daniels - Raleigh 

Clarence Poe Raleigh 

Clyde K. Council Wananish 

1954 

John W. Umstead Chapel Hill 

Jno. W. Clark Franklinville 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus Raleigh 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 
FOR LIFE 

Cameron Morrison _ ...Charlotte Mecklenburg 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus Raleigh - - Wake 

Clyde R. Hoey Washington, D. C. (appointed from Cleveland) 

J. Melville Broughton Raleigh _ _ Wake 

EX-OFFICIO 

R. Gregg Cherry, Governor...Gastonia _ Gaston 

Clyde A. Erwin, State Su- 
perintendent of Public 
Instruction Rutherfordton Rutherford 

Arch T. Allen, 

Secretary to Board Raleigh - Wake 



262 North Carolina Manual 

1949 

Miss Emily S. Austin Tarboro Edgecombe 

Miss Annie Moore Cherry. Red Springs (appointed from Hali- 
fax) 

David Clark _ Charlotte Mecklenburg 

James H. Clark „ — Elizabethtown Bladen 

Clyde K. Council Wananish _ Columbus 

Josephus Daniels _...._ Raleigh Wake 

B. B. Everett Palmyra Halifax 

Mrs. R. S. Ferguson _ Taylorsville Alexander 

James S. Ficklen Greenville Pitt 

James A. Gray -Winston-Salem Forsyth 

R. L. Harris •• Roxboro Person 

W. E. Horner Sanford Lee 

Hugh Horton Williamston Martin 

R. E . Little Wadesboro Anson 

Dan K. Moore Sylva - Jackson 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount Nash 

J. Hawley Poole _ West End Moore 

J. A. Pritchett Windsor Bertie 

Claude W. Rankin Fayetteville Cumberland 

Dr. Foy Roterson Durham Durham 

T. Clarence Stone - Stoneville Rockingham 

\V. Frank Taylor Goldsboro Wayne 

Mrs. May L. Tomlinson High Point Guilford 

F. E. Wallace Kinston - Lenoir 

Graham Woodard Wilson Wilson 

1951 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh Wake 

E. S. Askew Oriental _ Pamlico 

Kemp D. Battle Rocky Mount Nash 

J. A. Bridger Bladenboro - Bladen 

Charles A. Cannon Concord Cabarrus 

Thurmond Chatham Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Wm. G. Clark Tarboro Edgecombe 

A. M. Dixon „ Gastonia Gaston 

F. W. Hancock, Jr Oxford Granville 

E. W. Stevens Warsaw Duplin 



North Carolina Institutions 



263 



Kinston Lenoir 

Lincolnton Lincoln 

..Pittsboro - Chatham 

..Sanitorium - Hoke 

..Sylva - Jackson 

..Burlington Alamance 

..New Bern Craven 

..Raleigh Wake 

Kemp B. Nixon.... Lincolnton ...Lincoln 

John J. Parker _ Charlotte ...Mecklenburg 

R. W. Proctor _ ...Marion McDowell 

R. J. Reynolds Winston-Salem Forsyth 

B. F. Royal Morehead City - Carteret 

Wm. B. Shuford - Hickory Catawba 

Miss Grace Pemberton 

Taylor Danbury Stokes 



Fred I. Sutton 

Charles A. Jonas 

A. H. London 

Mrs. Sadie McB. McCain.. 
Mrs Gertrude D. McKee.. 

R. A. Maynard 

Raymond Maxwell 

A. L. Monroe - - 



1953 

Wade Barber Pittsboro - Chatham 

Samuel M. Blount Washington Beaufort 

Victor S. Bryant _ Durham Durham 

Gertrude Carraway _ New Bern Craven 

John W. Clark Franklinville - Randolph 

Collier Cobb, Jr _ Chapel Hill Orange 

George S. Coble Lexington _ Davidson 

Mrs. Laura Weil Cone Greensboro Guilford 

John G. Dawson _ Kinston Lenoir 

Joseph C. Eagles Wilson , Wilson 

E. Leigh Winslow Hertford Perquimans 

W. Roy Hampton Plymouth Washington 

John Sprunt Hill Durham Durham 

B. K. Lassiter Oxford Granville 

John Q. LeGrand _ Wilmington New Hanover 

Henry A. Lineberger Gastonia Gaston 

Mrs. Frances Newsome 

Miller Raleigh Wake 

Glenn C. Palmer Waynesville Haywood 

Edwin Pate Laurinburg Scotland 

James C. Pittman Sanford Lee 



2(54 North Carolina Manual 

J. E. Ramsey _ Salisbury Rowan 

Roy Rowe _ Burgaw Pender 

J. Benton Stacy _ _..Ruffin Rockingham 

Kenneth S. Tanner Spindale Rutherford 

William B. Umstead Durham Durham 

1955 

H. D. Bateman Wilson Wilson 

W. H. Currie Carthage Moore 

B. E. Fountain Rocky Mount Edgecombe 

P. B. Ferrebee Andrews Cherokee 

0. Max Gardner, Jr. Shelby Cleveland 

H. S. Gibbs Morehead City Carteret 

A. H. Harris Oriental Pamlico 

1. T. Johnson Jefferson Ashe 

V. G. James Elizabeth City Pasquotank 

J. C. Kesler Salisbury Rowan 

John Kerr, Jr. Warrenton Warren 

W. L. Lumpkin Louisburg Franklin 

M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill Greene 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro Guilford 

J. F. Milliken Monroe Union 

R. I. Mintz Southport Brunswick 

H. B. Marrow Smithfield Johnston 

W. D. Merritt Roxboro Person 

L. P. McLendon Greensboro Guilford 

Mrs. Rosa B. Parker Albemarle Stanly 

Clarence Poe Raleigh Wake 

C. A. Rudisill Cherryville Gaston 

G. M. Stephens Asheville Buncombe 

J. W. Umstead Chapel Hill Orange 

Lionel Weil Goldsboro Wayne 

NORTH CAROLINA VOCATIONAL TEXTILE SCHOOL 

1945, c. 806; G. S. 115-255.1 

Composition : Seven members. One Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 



North Carolina Institutions 265 

J. Warren Smith, Director of 

Vocational Education, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Otis M. Mull, Chairman Shelby 

George W. Coggin, Secretary Raleigh 

J. Harold Lineberger Belmont 

John F. Matheson Mooresville 

C. A. Cannon _ Kannapolis 

Frank L. Jackson _ _ Davidson 

Carl L. Rudisill Cherryville 

WESTERN CAROLINA TEACHERS COLLEGE, CULLOWHEE 

1925, c. 270, s. 1; 1929, c. 251, s. 2; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

Brandon P. Hodges, Chairman Asheville 

Harry E. Buchanan _ _ Hendersonville 

Dan M. Allison _ Sylva 

Edwin B. Whitaker Bryson City 

Morgan Cooper _ _ Forest City 

Glenn C. Palmer „ _ Clyde 

Mrs. J. S. Silversteen _ Brevard 

H. Bueck _ _ „ Murphy 

R. S. Jones _ _ Franklin 

H. T. Hunter, Secretary _ Cullowhee 

EDUCATIONAL (NEGRO) 

THE NEGRO AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE 

OF NORTH CAROLINA, GREENSBORO 

Rev., s. 4223; 1899, c. 389, ss. 2, 3,- 1939, c. 65, s. 4; 
1943, c. 132; C. S. 5828; G. S. 116-94 

Composition: Sixteen members. One Ex-officio, fifteen appointed 
by the Governor. 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. of Public Instruction, Ex-officio...Raleigh 

Chas. A. Hines, Chairman Greensboro 

G. Foster Hankins _ _. Lexington 

Shelly B. Caveness Greensboro 

J. Wilson Alexander Huntersville 



266 North Carolina Manual 

Guy B. Phillips Chapel Hill 

Geo. T. Ashford Red Springs 

Harry B. Caldwell - Greensboro 

Z, Vance Bunting Bethel 

Emmett Bellamy - - Wilmington 

W. R. Vaughan - - - Henderson 

H. A. Scott - - - Haw River 

L. P. McLendon - - Greensboro 

Rev. John J. Green - - — Greensboro 

Dr. C. T. Whitten - High Point 

Pierce C. Rucker - Greensboro 

ELIZABETH CITY STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
ELIZABETH CITY 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

G. R. Little, Chairman - Elizabeth City 

Mrs. J. G. Fearing, Secretary - - Elizabeth City 

W. I. Halstead - - South Mills 

Dr. N. C. Newbold - - - Raleigh 

Capt. J. L. Wiggins _ -....- - Edenton 

Miles S. Clark - Elizabeth City 

John H. Hall - - Elizabeth City 

Thomas Peele • Elizabeth City 

W. Howard Pitt - — - Hertford 

FAYETTEVILLE STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
FAYETTEVILLE 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

John H. Cook, Chairman - Fayetteville 

Maurice Fleishman, Secretary _ -....- Fayetteville 

W. E. Horner _ — Sanford 

Terry A. Lyon -...._ Fayetteville 

Emil Rosenthal ...Goldsboro 

J. L. Emanuel - Raleigh 



North Carolina Institutions 267 

Richard M. Lilly Fayetteville 

Dr. W. L. McRae Red Springs 

Dr. M. Nathaniel Leary Wilmington 

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AT DURHAM 
1925, c. 306, s. 9 (a); 1939, c. 65, s. 4; 1947, c. 189; G. S. 116-99 

Composition: One Ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by the 
Governor, approved by the Senate. 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. of Public Instruction, Ex-officio... Raleigh 

Dr. R. L. Flowers, Chairman Durham 

Jule B. Warren, Secretary _ Raleigh 

Oscar G. Barker Durham 

E. T. Bost _ - _ Concord 

R. M. Gantt Durham 

Dr. Edgar W. Knight _....- Chapel Hill 

Spencer Murphy Salisbury 

J. T. Pritchett _ Lenoir 

Dr. C. C. Spaulding _ Durham 

W. Frank Taylor Golclsboro 

F. E. Wallace „ _ „ _ Kinston 

Capus Waynick _ Raleigh 

THE COLORED ORPHANAGE OF NORTH CAROLINA, 

OXFORD 

1887, c. 47; 1927, c. 162; G.S. 116-139 

Composition : Thirteen members. Five appointed by the Gov- 
ernor and eight under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Dr. R. L. Noblin... Oxford 

John S. Watkins Oxford 

Benjamin K. Lassiter - Oxford 

W. T. Yancey Oxford 

M. S. Currin Oxford 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Dr. E. E. Toney, Chairman _ Oxford 

Rev. N. A. Cheek . Elberon 

Dr. David D. Jones Greensboro 



268 North Carolina Manual 

C. C. Spaulding Durham 

Dr. J. E. Shepard -....- Durham 

J. W. Mitchell Hampton, Va. 

Dr. J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

Wm. R. Johnson - - Oxford 

N. C. SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND AND DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev., 4187; Code s. 2227; 1881, c. 211, s. 1; 1917, c. 135, s. 1; 
1925, c. 306, s. 10; G. S. 116-106 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Alfred Williams, Chairman Raleigh 

George R. Bennette Greensboro 

J. Edward Allen - Warrenton 

E. J. Britt - ~ Lumberton 

Mrs. E. R. Buchan Kinston 

W. G. Enloe Raleigh 

Allison B. Farmer - Bailey 

James Penland — ~ Asheville 

Ben R. Roberts Durham 

Carl V. Tyner _ _ Leaksville 

Carroll W. Weathers.. _ - Raleigh 

E. N. Peeler, Secretary - Raleigh 

THE WINSTON-SALEM TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
WINSTON-SALEM 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

H. E. Fries, Chairman Winston-Salem 

John C. Whitaker, Vice-Chairman Winston-Salem 

Colonel W. A. Blair _.. Winston-Salem 

R. W. Gorrell Winston-Salem 

Gordon Gray Winston-Salem 

R. M. Hanes _ Winston-Salem 

O. A. Kirkman _ _ High Point 

J. Harmon Linville „ Kernersville 

Richard J. Reynolds Winston-Salem 



North Carolina Institutions 269 

HOSPITALS (WHITE) 
CASWELL TRAINING SCHOOL, KINSTON 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1945, 
c. 925, s. 1; C. S. 6159 (a); G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943> c. 136; G". S. 122-7 

THE NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITAL FOR THE TREATMENT 

OF SPASTIC CHILDREN 

1945, c. 504, G. S. 131-128 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

Thomas O'Berry „ _ _ Goldsboro 

George Hughes Pollocksville 

Dr. 0. L. Miller _ Charlotte 

Charles E. Norfleet Winston-Salem 

Robert P. Cherry Tarboro 

Dr. Lernox D. Baker _ Durham 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston _ _ Raleigh 

Joel W. Wright Asheville 

THE MOSES H. CONE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, 
GREENSBORO 

Pr. 1913, c. 400 

Composition: Fifteen members. Eight members appointed by 
Mrs. Moses H. Cone; three members appointed by the Governor; 
one member appointed by the Greensboro City Commissioners; one 
member appointed by the Guilford County Commissioners; one 
member by Watauga County Commissioners and one by the Guil- 
ford County Medical Association. 

Mrs. Bertha L. Cone, President _ Blowing Rock 

Herman Cone, Vice-President Greensboro 

Bernard M. Cone, Secretary-Treasurer Greensboro 

R. R. King Greensboro 

Miss Etta Cone Baltimore 

Ceasar Cone _...._ Greensboro 

N. S. Calhoun _ Greensboro 



270 North Carolina Manual 

Dr. Samuel F. Ravenel _ Greensboro 

L. P. McLendon „ _ _ Greensboro 

Dr. E. D. Apple Greensboro 

Dr. Fred Patterson _ ..... Greensboro 

Dr. Marion Y. Keith Greensboro 

Charles A. Hines _ - ...... Greensboro 

Howard Holderness - Greensboro 

J. E. Holshouser Boone 

N. C. SANATORIUMS FOR THE TREATMENT OF 
TUBERCULOSIS 

BLACK MOUNTAIN, SANATORIUM AND WILSON 

1907, c. 964; Ex. session 1913, c. 40, s. 1; 1923, cc. 96, 127; 1925, 
c. 306, s. 12; 1935, c. 91, ss. 2, 3; 1935, c. 138; 1939, c. 325; 

G. S. 131-62 
Composition: One Ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by the 
Governor with the approval of the Senate. 

Dr. Carl V. Reynolds, Secretary of State 

Board of Health, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Lee L. Gravely, Chairman Rocky Mount 

Dr. Thurman D. Kitchin, Vice-Chairman Wake Forest 

Carl C. Council, Secretary - Durham 

Dr. G. E. Bell - - -.-..- Wilson 

Dr. J. N. Britt Lumberton 

R. E. Finch Black Mountain 

Charles A. Cannon Concord 

Edwin Morgan Laurel Hill 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Southern Pines 

E. A. Rasberry - - Snow Hill 

Dr. Paul Ringer _ _ - - Asheville 

Dr. J. R. Terry. - Lexington 

NORTH CAROLINA ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL, GASTONIA 
1917, c. 199, s. 4; C. S. 7254; G. S. 131-1 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Paul C. Whitlock, President. Charlotte 

George Blanton, Chairman — Shelby 

John L. Beal, Treasurer Gastonia 



North Carolina .Institutions 271 

Ralph S. Robinson, Secretary - Gastonia 

Kay Dixon _ Gastonia 

Paul R. Ervin - - Charlotte 

J. A. Jones - Charlotte 

Dr. R. A. Moore - .-...- Winston-Salem 

Herman Weil Goldsboro 

STATE HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE, MORGANTON 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

STATE HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE, RALEIGH 
1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

HOSPITALS (NEGRO) 
STATE HOSPITAL AT GOLDSBORO 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; G. S. 122-7 

Under the management of the North Carolina Hospitals 

Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

N. C. CONFEDERATE INSTITUTION 

Woman's Home at Fayeteville 

1913, c. 62; C. S. 5135; G. S. 112-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Chas. G. Rose, Chairman -....- Fayetteville 

A. E . Cook, Secretary ~ Fayetteville 

Mrs. E. R. MacKethan _ Fayetteville 

Mrs. Quinton Gregory Halifax 

Mrs. Walter Woodard - - •■-. - - Wilson 

Mrs. J. S. Rowe - Hickory 

Mrs. A. L. Thompson Greensboro 

W. W. Home - Fayetteville 



272 North Carolina Manual 

EXAMINING BOARDS 
STATE BOARD OF ACCOUNTANCY 

1913, c. 157; 1925, c. 261, s. 11; 1939, c. 21; C. S. 7008; G. S. 93-12 

Composition : Four members appointed by the Governor. 

Charles Lowrimore, President Wilmington 

Elton B. Taylor, Vice-President Charlotte 

E. E. Peacock, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Charles E. Elberson Winston-Salem 

STATE BOARD OF ARCHITECTURAL EXAMINATION 
AND REGISTRATION 

1915, c. 270, s. 1; C. S. 4986; G. S. 83-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

James B. Lynch, President _ Wilmington 

Walter W. Hook, Vice-President Charlotte 

J. Burton Wilder, Treasurer _ Greensboro 

Ross Shumaker, Secretary _ Raleigh 

Erie G. Stillwell Hendersonville 

STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS 

1929, c. 119, s. 6; G. S. 86-6 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. M. Cheek, Chairman _ High Point 

M. B. Berry Roxboro 

A. M. McCoy _ Black Mountain 

R. P. Branch, Executive Secretary .... Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF CHIROPODY EXAMINERS 

1919, c. 78, s. 3; C. S. 6765; G. S. 90-190 

Composition: Three members appointed by the North Carolina 
Pedic Association. 

Fred W. Isaacs, Chairman _ Durham 

L. D. Abernethy, Secretary. _ _ Charlotte 

O. B. McRae _.. _.... Greensboro 



Examining Boards 273 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF CHIROPRATIC 

EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 73, s. 1; 1933, c. 442, s. 1/ C. S. 6711; G. S. 90-140 

Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. M. H. Dollar, President Raleigh 

Dr. Linwood G. Harrison, Vice-President High Point 

Dr. C. H. Peters, Secretary-Treasurer Rocky Mount 

NORTH CAROLINA LICENSING BOARD FOR CONTRACTORS 

1925, c. 318, s. 2; G. S. 87-2 
Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

F. N. Thompson, Chairman Charlotte 

F. D. Cline, Vice-Chairman - _ Raleigh 

U. A. Underwood Wilmington 

R. D. Beam Raleigh 

R. A. Bryan _ Goldsboro 

Warren J. Mann, Secretary-Treasurer _ Raleigh 

N. C. STATE BOARD OF COSMETIC ART EXAMINERS 
1933, c. 179; 1935, c. 54, s. 2; G. S. 88-13 

Composition : Three memters appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. Sitha E. McConnell, Chairman — Statesville 

Mrs. Hilda Smith Duke, Vice-Chairman Kinston 

Mrs. A. E. Pleasants, Secretary Greensboro 

Mrs. Nell Bobbitt, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS 

1879, c. 139; 1915, c. 178; 1935, c. 66, s. 1; G. S. 90-22 

Composition: Six members elected by the Society and commis- 
sioned by the Governor. 

Dr. Wilbert Jackson, President Clinton 

Dr. Frank O. Alford, Secretary-Treasurer _ .'Charlotte 

Dr. D. L. Pridgen -..- Fayetteville 

Dr. A. T. Jeannette Washington 



274 North Carolina Manual 

Dr. Neal Sheffield _ Greensboro 

Dr. Walter E. Clark Asheville 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 87, s. 1; G. S. 87-39 

Composition: Five members, three appointed by the Governor, 
two Ex-officio. 

N. E. Cannady, Chairman, Ex-officio Oxford 

E. C. Peele, Ex-officio _ _ Burlington 

Leroy M. Keever, Vice-Chairman _ Raleigh 

Marion B. Haynes _ _ Asheville 

W. A, Darden..- _ Greenville 

Mrs. James H. Anderson, Secretary-Treasurer. Raleigh 

EMBALMERS LICENSING BOARD 

Rev., s. 4384; 1901, c. 338, ss. 1, 2, 3; 1931, c. 174; 1945, c. 98, s. 1; 

C. S. 6777; G. S. 90-203 

Composition: Five members elected by The North Carolina 
Funeral Directors and Burial Association. 

W. K. Sturdivant, President North Wilkesboro 

II. L. Hanes, Secretary-Treasurer..- _ Greensboro 

Harlowe Mims _ Raleigh 

J. Durwood Creech _ „ Smithfield 

John Ward Wilmington 

STATE BOARD OF REGISTRATION FOR ENGINEERS 
AND LAND SURVEYORS 

1921, c. 1, s. 3; C. S. 6055(d); G. S. 89-3 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Jonn E . Lear, Chairman Raleigh 

A. C. Lee _ Charlotte 

J. E. S. Thorpe - _. Franklin 

G. S. Harrell _...._ _ Shannon 

Carroll L. Mann, Secretary _ _ Raleigh 



Examining Boards 275 

N. C. BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 210, s. 10; c. 331; 1935, cc. 31, 61; 1941, c. 344, s. 6; 

G. S. 84-24 

Composition: Seven members elected by the Council of the N. C. 
State Bar. 

L. R. Varser, Chairman _ Lumberton 

George B. Greene Kinston 

Kingsland Van Winkle _ _ _ Asheville 

Irving E. Carlyle _ Winston-Salem 

W. Frank Taylor _ Goldsboro 

L. T. Hartsell, Jr _ _ Concord 

Bennett H. Perry _ „ „ _ Henderson 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev., s. 4492; Code, s. 3123; 1858-9, c. 258, ss. 3, 4; Extra Session 
1921, c. 44, s. 1; C. S. 6606; G. S. 90-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the N. C. Medical 
Society. 

Paul G. Parker, M.D., President _ Erwin 

Ivan Procter, M.D., Secretary _ _ Raleigh 

Charles W. Armstrong, M.D Salisbury 

M. D. Bonner, M.D _ Jamestown 

Thomas Leslie Lee, M.D _ _ _ _ Kinston 

R. B. McKnight, M.D Charlotte 

Malory A. Pittman, M.D _...._ Wilson 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF NURSE EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 17, s. 1; 1925, c. 87, s. 2; 1931, c. 56; C. S. 6729; 

G. S. 90-158 

Composition : Five members. Three members elected by the as- 
sociation, one each by the State Medical Society and the North 
Carolina State Hospital Association. 

Miss Ethel Burton, R.N., President Raleigh 

Miss Miriam Daughtry, R.N., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Miss Esther Lewis Creasman, R.N. Asheville 

Dr. Moir S. Martin _ Mount Airy 

Dr. Louten R. Hedgpeth _ Lumberton 



276 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS 

IN OPTOMETRY 

1909, c. 444, s. 3; 1915, c. 21, s. 1; 1935, c. 63; 
C. S. 6689; G. S. 90-116 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Henry B. Day, President Raleigh 

Dr. E. Alan Bisanar, Secretary-Treasurer Hickory 

Kenneth L. Quiggins Greenville 

Dr. James A. Palmer Charlotte 

Dr. P. N. DeVere - _ - Morganton 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF OSTEOPATHIC 
EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION 

1907, c. 764, s. 1; 1913, c. 92, s. 1; 1937, c. 301, s. 1; 
C. S. 6701; G. S. 90-130 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Wallace Hoffman, D.O., President Statesville 

Frank R. Heine, D.O., Secretary-Treasurer Greensboro 

John H. Bell, D.O Elizabeth City 

E. M. Stafford, D.O '. Durham 

T. T. Spence, D.O Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY 
Rev., s. 4473; 1905, c. 108, ss. 5, 7; C. S. 6652; G. S. 90-55 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

J. G. Ballew, President _ Lenoir 

H. C. McAllister, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

John C. Brantley, Jr. Raleigh 

R. A. McDuffie Greensboro 

W. A. Gilliam Winston-Salem 

N. C. STATE BOARD OF PHOTOGRAPHIC EXAMINERS 
1935, c. 155, art. 2, s. 1; c. 318; G. S. 92-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 
Charles A. Farrell, Chairman Greensboro 



Examining Boards 277 

B. A. Culberson - - Asheville 

Ray W. Goodrich Winston- Salem 

George M. Hoole .Charlotte 

Ben A, Stimson.._ - Statesville 

Edwin M. Stanley, Secretary-Treasurer Greensboro 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF PLUMBING AND 

HEATING CONTRACTORS 

1931, c. 52, s. 1; 1933, c. 57; 1939, c. 224, 

s. 1; G'. S. 87-16 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

W. H. Sullivan, Chairman Greensboro 

L. L. Vaughan, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, Secretary-Treasurer ......Raleigh 

H. G. Baity Chapel Hill 

R. V. Sisk - - Charlotte 

R. H. Haley - Charlotte 

C. C. Davis - Wilmington 

W. F. Morrison, Executive Secretary. Raleigh 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR LICENSING TILE 
CONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 86, s. 3; G. S. 87-30 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

J. Knight Davis, Secretary - Wilmington 

G. W. Carter, Treasurer Kinston 

B. F. McClamroch - Raleigh 

V. J. McDaniel _ Asheville 

Ed Smith Winston-Salem 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF VETERINARY 
MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev., s. 5432; 1903, c. 503, s. 2; C. S. 6755; G. S. 90-180 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

R. E. Taylor, President Hendersonville 

M. M. Leonard, Vice-President Asheville 

P. C. McLain, Secretary-Treasurer High Point 

H. J. Rollins - Rockingham 

B. H. Kinsey ~ Washington 



278 North Carolina Manual 

STATE OWNED RAILROADS 

DIRECTORS OF STATE-OWNED RAILROADS 
Directors Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad 

Directors : 

Raymond Maxwell ~ New Bern 

L. B. Jenkins .. _ Kinston 

William Dunn, Sr „ New Bern 

James D. Potter Beaufort 

M. E. Robinson Goldsboro 

Dr. J. H. Harper _ _ Snow Hill 

Judson H. Blount Greenville 

Abel Warren _ _ Garland 

Officers : 

Raymond Maxwell, President ~ New Bern 

F. E, Wallace, Secretary-Treasurer _ Kinston 

Judson H. Blount Greenville 

W. A. Allen, Jr., Attorney _ _ Kinston 

T. L. Blow, Expert _ . _ „ _ Goldsboro 

Meriwether Lewis, Inspector _ Kinston 



Directors North Carolina Railroad 



Directors : 



Herbert Miller Lincolnton 

Henry A. Dennis .. _ Henderson 

James Adderton _ Lexington 

E. C. Greene „ A.sheville 

D. P. Stowe _ „ _ _ Belmont 

J. B. Benton... _ _ . _ ......_ Benson 

L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

E. S. Powell Reidsville 

Alexander Webb _ _ _._ Raleigh 

W. E. Holt _ Lexington 

Hugh MacRae _ _ „ _ Wilmington 

Irving F. Hall Raleigh 



279 



Officers : 



L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

Alexander Webb, Vice-President Raleigh 

Thomas W. Bird, Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

R. 0. Self, Asst. Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Albert Doub, Expert Raleigh 

John H. Vernon, Attorney Burlington 



PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 



I 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 
NORTH CAROLINA— SESSION 1947 

Officers and Members of the Senate 

OFFICERS 

L. Y. Ballentine President - Varina 

Joe L Bltthe - President pro tem Charlotte 

S. Ray Byerly Principal Clerk. _ - Sanford 

Robert Rasberry Reading Clerk. - Grifton 

Herman Scott aergeant-at-arms Rt. 3, Chapel Hill 

Senators 
(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name District Party Address 

Allsbrook, Julian Fourth — Democrat Roanoke Rapids 

Barber, Wade__ Thirteenth Democrat. .. Pittsboro 

Barnhardt, Luther E Twenty- first Democrat Concord 

Bason, S. M Fifteenth Democrat — Yancey ville 

Blythe, Joe L Twentieth Democrat Charlotte 

Brown, Wade E Twenty-ninth Democrat Boone 

Chaffin, L. M Twelfth -.Democrat Lillington 

Clement, Verne P. Thirty-second Democrat — - Brevard 

Cole, John W Eighteenth Democrat , - Rockingham 

Corev, Arthur B Fifth Democrat Greenville 

Currie, Claude Fourteenth Democrat _ Durham 

Currie, Wilbur H Twelfth Democrat Carthage 

Ferguson, R. S., Mrs Twenty-eighth Democrat _ Taylorsville 

Fountain, L. H Fourth Demociat Tarboro 

Garriss, Garland S Eighteenth Democrat Troy 

Gray. Gordon Twenty-second Democrat Winston-Salem 

Harmon, Roy A Thirtieth Republican Elk Park 

Horton, ' Hugh G Second Democrat - Williamston 

Jenkins. Chas H First Democrat Aulartder 

Johnson, Rivers D Ninth Democrat Warsaw 

Jones, Baxter C._ Thirty-third Democrat Bryson City 

Jones. R. Posey Twenty-third Democrat Mount Airy 

Kesler, John C Twenty- first Democrat Salisbury 

Lennon , Alton A Ninth Democrat Wilmington 

Lumpkin, Willie Lee Sixth— Democrat Louisburg 

McKinnon, Henry A Eleventh Democrat Lumberton 

McLaughlin, John R Twenty-fifth Democrat Statesville 

Medford. William Thirty-second Democrat — Waynesville 

Midgett, Lorimer W FiW Democrat - Elizabeth City 

Mintz, Rudolph I Tenth Democrat Southport 

Moss, O. B Sixth Democrat Spring Hope 

Neal, W. W Twenty-seventh Democrat Marion 

O'Berry, Thomas Eighth Democrat Goldsboro 

Parker, Frank M __ Thirty-first Democrat — Asheville 

Pennv. George T Seventeenth Democrat Greensboro 

Powell, Junius K Tenth Democrat Whiteville 

Pankin. R. Grady Twenty-sixth Democrat - - dystonia 

Richardson. O. L. Nineteenth Democrat — Monroe 

Rodman. John C Second — Democrat Washington 

Roper, Sheldon M Twenty-fifth Democrat » Lincolnton 

Simms, R. N., Jr ..Thirteenth Democrat Raleigh 

Smith, W. Erskine Nineteenth Democrat Albemarle 

Wallace. Lawrence H Eighth — Democrat Smithfield 

Ward, D. L Seventh - Democrat New Bern 

Watkins, John S Fourteenth Democrat Ox I'm-, 1 

Weathers. Lee B Twenty-seventh Democrat Shelby 

Webb. James Sixteenth Democrat Hillsboro 

Whitaker. R. A Seventh Democrat— „ Kinston 

White. W. W Third Democrat Manson 

Williams, Lafayette Twenty-fourth Republican Yadkinville 

[283] 



284 North Carolina Manual 

GENATORS 

Arranged by Districts 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name Address 

1st Chas. H. Jenkins Aulander 

1st Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

2nd Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

2nd John C. Rodman — _ - Washington 

3rd W. W. White - Manson 

4th Julian Allsbrook — Roanoke Rapids 

4th L. H. Fountain Tarboro 

5th Arthur B. Corey Greenville 

6th Willie Lee Lumpkin Louisburg 

6th O. B. Moss - — Spring Hope 

7th D. L. Ward .New Bern 

7th R. A. Whitaker __ - Kinston 

8th Thomas O'Berry Goldsboro 

8th Lawrence H. Wallace - - — - Smithfield 

9th Rivers D. Johnson Warsaw 

9th Alton A. Lennan — - Wilmington 

10th Rudolph I. Mintz Southport 

10th Junius K. Powell — Whiteville 

11th Henry A. McKinnon Lumberton 

12th L. M. Chaff in __ Lillington 

12th Wilbur H. Currie - Carthage 

13th Wade Barber __ Pittsboro 

13th R. N. Simms, Jr Raleigh 

14th Claude Currie — Durham 

14th John S. Watkins Oxford 

15th S. M. Bason — Yancey ville 

16th James Webb Hillsboro 

17th George T. Penny — Greensboro 

18th Garland S. Garriss Troy 

18th John W. Cole Rockingham 

19th O. L. Richardson Monroe 

19th W. Erskine Smith Albemarle 

20th Joe L. Blythe Charlotte 

21st Luther E. Barnhardt Concord 

21st John C. Kesler ._ Salisbury 

22 nd Gordon Gray Winston-Salem 

23rd R. Posey Jor.eE Mount Airy 

24th Lafayette Williams fR) __ Yadkinville 

25th John R. McLaughlin _ Statesville 

25th Sheldon M. Roper Lincolnton 

26 th R. Grady Rankin Gastonia 

27th W. W. Neal __ Marion 

27th Lee B. Weathers Shelby 

28th Mrs. R. S. Ferguson __ Taylorsville 

29th Wade E. Brown Boone 

30th Roy A. Harmon (R) __ Elk Park 

31st Frank M. Parker Asheville 

32nd Verne P. Clement Brevard 

32nd William Medford „ _ Waynesville 

33rd Baxter C. Jones Bryson City 



RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 
OF THE SENATE 

1947 

Powers and Duties of the President 

1. The President shall take the chair at the hour fixed by law 
or at the time fixed by the Senate upon adjournment on the pre- 
ceding legislative day, and shall call the members to order. 

2. It shall be the duty of the President, upon order being ob- 
tained, to have the Sessions of the Senate opened with prayer. 

3. In the absence of the President, the President pro tempore 
shall reconvene the Senate and preside, and during such time shall 
be vested with all powers of the President except that of casting 
a vote in case of tie when he shall have voted as a Senator. And 
in the event of the absence of the President and President pro 
tempore at any time fixed for the reconvening of the Senate, the 
Principal Clerk of the Senate, or in his absence also, some member 
of the Senate Committee on Rules, shall call the Senate to order 
and designate some member to act as President. 

4. After the prayer, and upon appearance of a quorum, the 
President shall cause the Journal of the preceding day to be read 
and approved, unless the Chairman of the Committee on Journal 
or some member of the Senate by motion sustained by a majority 
of the members present, have the reading thereof dispensed with 
and the same approved as written. 

5. The President shall preserve order and decorum and proceed 
with the business of the Senate according to the rules adopted. 
He shall decide ail questions of order, subject to an appeal to the 
Senate by any member, on which appeal no member shall speak 
more than once unless by leave of the Senate. A two-thirds vote 
of the members present shall be necessary to sustain any appeal 
from the ruling of the Chair. 

6. All questions for a vote shall be put as follows: "Those in 
favor say 'Aye'," and after the affirmative voice is expressed — 
"Opposed 'No'." After which the President will announce the re- 

[285] 



286 North Carolina Manual 

suit. If a division on any vote is desired, it must be called for 
immediately before the result of the voting is announced on any 
question, and upon such call, the President shall require the 
members to stand and be counted for and against any proposition 
under consideration. 

7. The ayes and noes may be called for on any question before 
the vote is taken, and if the call is sustained by one-fifth of the 
Senators present, the roll of the Senate shall be called and the 
ayes and noes taken, and the same shall be entered upon the 
Journal. If a Senator desires the ayes and noes recorded on any 
question, he shall address the Chair and obtain recognition and 
say, "Upon that vote or question I call for the ayes and noes." 
Whereupon the President shall say, "Is the call sustained?" If 
one-fifth of the members present then stand the roll is called and 
the ayes and noes recorded. If less than one-fifth present stand, 
the Chair announces, "An insufficient number up" and a viva voce 
vote is then taken. 

8. If any question contains several distinct propositions, it 
shall be divided by the President, at the request of any Senator, 
provided each subdivision, if left to itself, shall form a substantive 
proposition. 

9. The President shall have general direction of the Hall of the 
Senate, and in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in 
the galleries or lobbies, he shall have the power to order the same 
cleared. 

10. He shall have the right to call on any member to perform 
the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend teyond 
one day. 

11. The Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, being 
a Constitutional Officer shall not have the right to debate any 
question or to address the Senate upon any proposition unless by 
permission of the majority members present, and shall have the 
right to vote only when there is a tie vote upon any question or 
election. 

12. The Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, un- 
less he shall have by law disqualified himself from that office, 
shall have the exclusive right and authority to appoint all Com- 
mittees, regular or special, but he may delegate said authority in 
any instance, as he may choose. 



Senate 287 

13. All acts, addresses and resolutions, and all warrants and 
subpoenas issued by order of the Senate shall be signed by the 
President. 

14. The President shall appoint doorkeepers and pages, and 
such laborers as may be necessary, and shall assign to them their 
duties during sessions, and when not in session they shall be under 
the direction of the Principal' Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms, to per- 
form such duties as are necessary and proper to the conduct of the 
Senate. 

15. No person except members of the House of Representatives, 
clerks of the General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and 
Superior Courts, State Officers, former members of the General 
Assembly and persons particularly invited and extended the priv- 
ileges of the floor by the President shall be admitted to the floor 
of the Senate during its sessions: Provided, that no person except 
members of the House of Representatives and officers of the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall be allowed on the floor of the Senate or in the 
lobby in the rear of the President's desk, unless permitted by the 
President of the Senate. 

16. The President of the Senate, in the interest of orderly 
procedure and in order properly to expedite the business of the 
Senate, may refuse to recognize any member for the purpose of 
extending the courtesies of the floor, lobbies or galleries to any 
one or group during any particular order of business, but shall 
recognize such member for said purpose at the close of such order 
of business if he then desire recognition. 

17. The President may assign such space or place on the floor 
of the Senate as he desires proper to Reporters desiring to take 
the proceedings of the sessions, provided such does not interfere 
with members of the Senate and its officers and clerks in the per- 
formance of their duties. 

18. Smoking shall not be allowed on the floor or galleries of 
the Senate during sessions: Provided, that smoking may be per- 
mitted in the side lobbies and in the lobby in the rear of the 
President's desk. 

19. The pages of the Senate shall be responsible to and under 
the direction of the President at all times when the Senate is in 
session, and shall not exceed fourteen in number. They shall re- 
port to the Principal Clerk at other times to be assigned such 
duties as he may direct and shall be under his supervision. 



288 North Carolina Manual 

Order of Business 

20. After approval of the Journal, the order of business shall 
be as follows: 

(1) Reports of standing committees. 

(2) Reports of select committees. 

(3) Introduction of bills, petitions, and resolutions. 
(3a) Messages from the House of Representatives. 

(4) Unfinished business of preceding day. 

(5) Special Orders. 

(6) General Orders — First, local tills on third reading roll 

call, then local bills on second reading roll call. After that the 
viva voce second reading local calendar in numerical order, taking 
up Senate bills in first order. After disposition of the local cal- 
endar, the public calendar of bills will be considered in the same 
order, that is: 

(a) First, third reading roll call bills. 

(b) Second reading roll call bills. 

(c) Second reading bills to be considered viva voce, with Senate 
bills taking precedence in order over House bills. 

But messages from the Governor and House of Representatives 
and communications and reports from State officers and reports 
from the Committee on Engrossed and Enrolled Bills may be 
received and acted on under any order of business. 

21. Any bill or other matter may be taken up out of order 
upon order of the President or upon motion sustained by a ma- 
jority of the membership present and voting. 

Powers and Duties of Principal Clerk 

22. The President and the Principal Clerk of the Senate shall 
see that all bills shall be acted upon by the Senate in the order 
in which they stand upon the Calendar, unless otherwise ordered 
as hereinafter provided. The Calendar shall include the numbers 
and titles of bills and joint resolutions which have passed the 
House of Representatives' and have been received by the Senate 
for concurrence. 

23. The Principal Clerk shall certify the passage of tills by 
the Senate, with the date thereof, together with the fact whether 



Senate 289 

passed by a vote of three-fifths or two-thirds of the Senate, when- 
ever such vote may be required by the Constitution and laws of 
the State. 

24. All necessary supplies and stationery 'for the Senate, its 
various offices and committees of the Senate shall be purchased 
upon requisition of the Principal Clerk, with the approval of the 
President of the Senate. 

25. The office of Engrossing Clerk is discontinued, and the 
duties of that office as heretofore performed by the Engrossing 
Clerk shall devolve upon the Principal Clerk, who is charged with 
the responsibility therefor. 

26. The Principal Cierk shall cause the Journal of the Senate 
to be typewritten in duplicate, original and carbon, the original 
to be deposited in the office of the Secretary of State as the record, 
and the other (carbon) copy to be delivered to the State Printer. 

27. All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the 
direct duties connected with the committee to which they are as- 
signed, shall report to the Principal Clerk of the Senate and, 
in order to expedite the work of the Senate, shall perform such 
clerical or stenographic work as may be assigned to them. 

Standing Committees 

28. The following committees shall te named by the Lieuten- 
ant-Governor: 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Currency. 

On Claims. 

On Commercial Fisheries. 

On Congressional Districts. 

On Conservation and Development. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities, and Towns. 

On Courts and Judicial Districts. 

On Distribution of Governor's Message. 

On Education. 

On Election Law. 



290 North Carolina Manual 

On Engrossed and Enrolled Bills. 

On Finance. 

On General Statutes. 

On Immigration. 

On Institutions for the Blind. 

On Institutions for the Deaf. 

On Insurance. 

On Internal Improvements. 

On Interstate and Federal Relations. 

On Journal. 

On Judiciary No. 1. 

On Judiciary No. 2. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Library. 

On Manufacture, Labor, and Commerce. 

On Mental Institutions. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Mining. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Pensions and Soldiers' Home. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Health. 

On Public Roads. 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Railroads. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senate Expenditures. 

On Senatorial Districts. 

On State Commission for the Blind. 

On Teachers and State Employees Retirement. 

On Unemployment Compensation. 

On Veteran's Affairs. 

On Water Commerce. 

Joint Committees 
29. 

On Printing. 

On Trustees of the University. 



Senate 291 

30. The Committee on Engrossed Bills shall examine all bills, 
amendments, and resolutions before they go out of the possession 
of the Senate, and make a report when they find them correctly 
engrossed: Provided, that when a bill is typewritten and has no 
interlineations therein, and has passed the Senate without amend- 
ment, it shall be sent to the House without engrossment, unless 
otherwise ordered. 

31. The Committee on Appropriations shall carefully examine 
all bills and resolutions appropriating or paying any moneys out 
of the State Treasury, except tills creating or increasing salaries, 
which shall be referred to the proper committee: Provided, said 
committee shall report to the Appropriations Committee the 
amount allowed, and keep an accurate record of the same and 
report to the Senate from time to time. All bills introduced in 
the Senate providing for bond issues, levying taxes, or in any 
manner affecting the taxing power of the State or any subdivision 
thereof, shall before being considered by the Senate, be referred 
to the Committee on Finance, and bills referred to other commit- 
tes carrying any of the provisions herein mentioned shall be re- 
referred to the Senate as being bills to te considered by the Fi- 
nance Committee before proper action may be taken by the Senate. 

32. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution 
which shall not be considered at the time of making the same, or 
laid on the table by a vote of the Senate, shall stand upon the 
general orders with the bill or resolution; and the report of the 
committee shall show that a majority of the committee were 
present and voted. 

33. The chairmen of the following committees, with the ap- 
proval of the President of the Senate, shall appoint clerks in order 
to expedite the business of the Session of 1947, as follows: 

Finance; Roads; Judiciary No. 1; Judiciary No. 2; Counties, 
Cities and Towns; Election Laws; Insurance; Agriculture; Con- 
servation and Development; Appropriations; Education; Rules; 
Public Health; Manufacturing, Commerce and Labor; Proposi- 
tions and Grievances; Banks and Currency; Constitutional 
Amendments; Public Welfare; Unemployment Compensation; 
Courts and Judicial Districts Salaries and Fees; Mental Institu- 
tions; Federal and Interstate Relations; Public Utilities; and 



292 North Carolina Manual 

Teachers and State Employees Retirement. 

In addition to the above-named clerks, the President of the 
Senate shall, upon recommendation of the Rules Committee, ap- 
point additional clerks, who shall perform such duties as may be 
assigned them by the Principal Clerk of the Senate. 

Decorum in Sessions 

34. When any Senator is about to speak in debate or deliver 
any matter to the Senate, he shall rise from his seat and respect- 
fully address the President. 

' 35. No member shall speak until recognized by the President 
and when two or more members rise at the same time, the Presi- 
dent shall name the member to speak. 

36. No remark reflecting personally upon the action of any 
Senator shall te in order in debate unless preceded by a motion 
or resolution of censure. 

37. When a Senator shall be called to order he shall take his 
seat until the President shall have determined whether he was 
in order or not; if decided to be out of order, he shall not proceed 
without the permission of the Senate; and every question of order 
shall be decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the 
Senate by any Senator; and if a Senator is called to order for 
words spoken, the words excepted to shall be immediately taken 
down in writing, that the President or Senate may be better able 
to judge of the matter. 

38. No Senator shall speak or debate more than twice nor 
longer than thirty minutes on the same day on the same subject 
without leave of the Senate. 

39. When the President is putting a question, or a division 
by counting shall be had, no Senator shall walk out of or across 
the Chamber, nor when a Senator is speaking, pass between him 
and the President. 

40. Every Senator who shall be within the bar of the Senate 
when the question is stated by the chair shall vote thereon, unless 
he shall be excused by the Senate or unless he be directly inter- 
ested in the question; and the bar of the Senate shall include the 
entire Senate Chamber. 



Senate 293 

41. When a motion to adjourn or for recess shall be affirma- 
tively determined, no member or officers shall leave his place until 
adjournment or recess shall te declared by the President. 

42. Senators and visitors shall uncover their heads upon en- 
tering the Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session, and 
shall continue uncovered during their continuance in the Chamber. 

43. No Senator or officer of the Senate shall depart the service 
of the Senate without leave, or receive pay as a Senator or officer 
for the time he is absent without leave. 

Procedural Rules in Debate 

44. Every bill introduced into the Senate shall be printed or 
typewritten. Amendments need not be typewritten. 

45. All bills should be read by their titles, which reading shall 
constitute the first reading of the bill, and unless otherwise dis- 
posed of shall be referred to the proper committee. A bill may be 
introduced by unanimous consent at any time during the session. 

46. Every Senator presenting a paper shall endorse the same; 
if a petition, memorial, or report to the General Assembly, with a 
brief statement of its subject or contents, adding his name; if a 
resolution, with his name; if a report of a committee, a statement 
of such report with the name of the committee and members mak- 
ing the same; if a bill, a statement of its title which shall contain 
a brief statement of the subject or contents of the bill, with his 
name; and all bills, resolutions, petitions, and memorials shall 
be delivered to the Principal Clerk and by him handed to the 
President to be by him referred, and he shall announce the titles 
and references of the same, which shall be entered on the Journal. 

47. When a bill is materially modified or the scope of its ap- 
plication extended or decreased, or if the county or counties to 
which it applies be changed, the title of the bill shall be changed 
by the Senator introducing the bill or by the committee having 
it in charge, or by the Principal Clerk, so as to indicate the full 
purport of the bill as amended and the county or counties to which 
it applies. 

, 48. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 



294 North Carolina Manual 

of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, 
such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
there-from except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected member- 
ship of the Senate: Provided, no local bill shall be held by the 
Chair as embodying- the provisions, or being identical with any 
State-wide measure which has been laid upon the table or failed 
to pass any of its readings. 

49. Whenever a public bill is introduced, a carbon copy thereof 
shall accompany the bill. The Reading Clerk shall stamp the copy 
with the number stamped upon the original bill. Such copy shall 
be daily delivered to the joint committee hereinafter provided for. 
The Principal Clerk shall deliver the carbon copy of the bills 
designated to be printed as hereinafter provided for the public 
printer and cause 400 copies thereof to be printed. On the morning 
following the delivery of the printed copies the Chief Clerk shall 
cause the Chief Page to have one copy thereof put upon the desk 
of each member, and shall retain the other printed copies in his 
office. A sufficient number of the printed copies for the use of the 
committee to which the bill is referred shall be by the Chief Page 
delivered to the Chairman or Clerk of that Committee. If the bill 
is passed, the remaining copy shall be by the Chief Page delivered 
to the Principal Clerk of the House for the use of the House. The 
cost of printing shall be paid from the contingent fund of the 
Senate. The Chairman of the Rules Committee of the Senate and 
the Chairman of the Rules Committee of the House shall appoint 
a sub-committee consisting of three members of the Senate and 
two members of the House from the body of the Senate and the 
House, and such Chairman shall notify the Principal Clerk of the 
House and of the Senate who has been appointed. Such subcom- 
mittee shall meet daily and examine the carbon copies of the pub- 
lic bills introduced and determine which of such public bills shall 
be printed and which shall not, and stamp the copies accordingly. 
If the member introducing a public bill, which the committee shall 
determine should not be printed, so desires, he may appear before 
the committee at the next meeting thereof with reference thereto. 

50. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a com- 
mitte, if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, 
then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 



Senate 295 

given in the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present and voting-, recall the same from the com- 
mittee to the floor of the Senate for consideration and such action 
thereon as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

51. All motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the 
President or any Senator, delivered at the table, and read by the 
President or Reading Clerk before the same shall be debated; but 
any such motion may be withdrawn by the introducer at any time 
before decision or amendment. 

On General Orders and Special Orders 

52. Any bill or other matter may be made a special order for 
a particular day or hour by a vote of the majority of the Senators 
voting, and if it shall not be completed on that day, it shall be 
returned to its place on the Calendar, unless it shall be made a 
special order for another day; and when a special order is under 
consideration it shall take precedence of any special order or sub- 
sequent order for the day, but such subsequent order may be 
taken up immediately after the previous special order has been 
disposed of. 

53. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its being 
passed, and the President shall give notice at each whether it be 
the first, second, or third. After the first reading, unless a motion 
shall be made by some Senator, it shall be the duty of the Presi- 
dent to refer the subject-matter to an appropriate committee. No 
bill shall be amended until it shall have been twice read. 

On Precedence of Motions 

54. When a question is before the Senate no motion shall be 
received except those herein specified, which motion shall have 
precedence as follows, viz: 

(1) For adjournment. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 

(7) To commit to a select committee. 



296 North Carolina Manual 

(8) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. 

55. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the 

main question be now put?" and until it is decided shall preclude 
all amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the 
bill, resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when 
amendments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such 
amendments, in their inverse order, without further debate or 
amendment: Provided, that no one shall move the previous ques- 
tion except the member submitting the report on the bill or other 
matter under consideration, and the member introducing the bill 
or other matter under consideration, or the member in charge of 
the measure, who shall be designated by the chairman of the com- 
mittee reporting the same to the Senate at the time the bill or 
other matter under consideration is reported to the Senate or 
taken up for consideration. 

56. When a motion for the previous question is made and is 
pending, debate shall cease and only a motion to adjourn or lay 
on the table shall be in order, which motions shall be put as fol- 
lows: adjourn, previous question, lay on the table. After a motion 
for the previous question is made, pending a second thereto, any 
member may give notice that he desires to offer an amendment 
to the bill or other matter under consideration ; and after the pre- 
vious question is seconded such member shall be entitled to offer 
his amendment in pursuance of such notice. 

Some Questions To Be Taken Without Debate 

57. The motions to adjourn and lay on the table shall be de- 
cided without debate, and the motion to adjourn shall always be 
in order when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 

58. The respective motions to postpone to a certain day, or to 
commit, shall preclude debate on the main question. 

59. All questions relating to priority of business shall be de- 
cided without debate. 

60. When the reading of a paper is called for, except peti- 
tions, and the same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be de- 
termined by the Senate without debate. 



Senate 297 

61. Any Senator requesting to be excused from voting may 
make, either immediately before or after the vote shall have been 
called for and before the result shall have been announced, a 
brief statement of the reasons for making such request, and the 
question shall then be taken without debate. Any Senator may 
explain his vote on any bill pending by obtaining permission of 
the Pi - esident tefore the vote is put: Provided, that not more than 
three minutes shall be consumed in such explanation. 

Questions That Require a Two-Thirds Vote 

62. No bill or resolution on its third reading shall be acted 
on out of the regular order in which it stands on the Calendar, 
and no bill or resolution shall be acted upon on its third reading 
the same day on which it passed its second reading unless so or- 
dered by two-thirds of the Senators present. 

63. No bill or resolution shall be sent from the Senate on the 
day of its passage except on the last day of the session, unless 
otherwise ordered by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 

64. No bill or resolution after being laid upon the table upon 
motion shall be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of 
the Senators present. 

65. No rule of the Senate shall be altered, suspended, or re- 
scinded except on a two-thh-ds vote of the Senators present. 

66. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a commit- 
tee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, 
then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 
given in the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present and voting, recall the same from the com- 
mittee to the floor of the Senate for consideration and such action 
thereon as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

67. All bills and resolutions reported unfavorably by the com- 
mittee to which they were referred, and having no minority re- 
port, shall lie upon the table, but may be taken from the table, 
and placed upon the Calendar by a two-thirds vote of those pres* 
ent and voting. 

68. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 
of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, 



298 North Carolina Manual 

such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected member- 
ship of the Senate: Provided, no local bill shall be held by the 
Chair as embodying the provisions, or being identical with any 
State-wide measure which has been laid upon the table or failed 
to pass any of its readings. 

Proceedings When There Is Not a Quorum Voting 

69. If, on taking the question on a bill, it shall appear that a 
constitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill require a vote 
of a certain proportion of all the Senators to pass it, and it ap- 
pears that such number is not present, the bill shall be again read 
and the question taken thereon; if the bill fail a second time for 
the want of the necessary number being present and voting, the 
bill shall not be finally lost, but shail be returned to the Calendar 
in its proper order. 

On Conference Committee and Report 

70. Whenever the Senate shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the House to a bill originating in the Senate, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the House for a 
bill originating in the Senate, a conference committee shall be ap- 
pointed upon motion made, consisting of the numfcer named in the 
motion; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go to and 
be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the Senate and 
House. In considering matters in difference between the Senate 
and House comitted to the conferees only such matters as are in 
difference between the two houses shall be considered by the con- 
ferees, and the conference report shall deal only with such mat- 
ters. The conference report shall not be amended. Except as herein 
set out, the rules of the House of Representatives of Congress 
shall govern the appointment, conduct, and reports of the con- 
ferees. 

Miscellaneous 

71. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall 
be in order for any Senator who shall have voted in the majority 



Senate 299 

to move a reconsideration thereof; but no motion for the recon- 
sideration of any vote shall te in order after the bill, resolution, 
message, report, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was 
taken shall have gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor 
shall any motion for reconsideration be in order unless made on 
the same day or in the next following legislative day on which 
the vote proposed to be reconsidered shall have taken place, unless 
same shall be made by the Committee on Enrolled Bills for verbal 
or grammatical errors in the bills, when the same may be made 
at any time. Nor shall any question be reconsidered more than 
once. 

72. In case a less number than a quorum of the Senate shall 
convene, they are authorized to send the doorkeeper or any other 
person, for any or all absent Senators, as a majority of the Sena- 
tors present shall determine. 

73. That in case of adjournment without any hour being 
named, the Senate shall reconvene the next legislative day at 11 
o'clock A.M. 



300 North Carolina Manual 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 

Committee on Agriculture 

Senators: Watkins, Chairman; White, Wallace, Weathers, 
O'Berry, Corey, Jenkins, Whitaker, Powell, Lumpkin, McKinnon, 
Fountain, Currie of Durham, Gray, Medford, Jones of Surry, 
Bason, Moss, Horton, Penny, Williams. 

Committee on Appropriations 

Senators: Barber, Chairman; Corey, Penny, Weathers, 
O'Berry, Allsbrook, Wallace, Currie of Durham, Rankin, Fergu- 
son, Brown, Currie of Moore, Williams, White, Rodman, Jenkins, 
McKinnon, Simms, Parker, Jones of Swain, Mintz, Watkins, Rich- 
ardson, Garriss, Jones of Surry, Blythe. 

Committee on Banks and Currency 

Senators: Currie of Durham, Chairman; Barnhardt, Weathers, 
McKinnon, Parker, Lumpkin, Ward, O'Berry, Wallace, Jones of 
Surry, Bason, Barber, Garriss, Allsbrook, Moss, Whitaker, Rankin, 
Currie of Moore, Williams, Powell. 

Committee on Claims 

Senators: Webb, Chairman; Moss, Lennon, Barber, Bason, 
Clement, Johnson, Roper, Neal. 

Committee on Commercial Fisheries 

Senators: Mintz, Chairman; Blythe, Ward, Midgett, Jenkins, 
Smith, Lennon, Powell, Allsbrook, Horton, Rodman. 

Committee on Congressional Districts 

Senators: Moss, Chairman; Jenkins, Horton, Johnson, Bason, 
Garriss, Smith, McLaughlin, Corey, Barber, Jones of Swain. 

Committee on Conservation and Development 

Senators: Smith, Chairman; Gray, Bason, Neal, Medford, 



Senate 301 

Jones of Swain, Wallace, Barber, Rodman, Jenkins, Corey, Penny, 
Mintz, Webb, Richardson, McKinnon, Jones of Surry, Currie of 
Durham, McLaughlin, Cole, Lennon, Weathers, Brown, Garriss, 
Clement. 

Committee on General Statutes 

Senators: McKinnon, Chairman; Rodman, Barnhardt, Ward, 
Roper, Medford, Johnson, Lumpkin, Chaffin, Horton, Brown, Rich- 
ardson, Williams. 

Committee on Constitutional Amendments 

Senators: Kesler, Chairman; Simms, Gray, Watkins, Horton, 
Corey, Ward, Lumpkin, Johnson, Barnhardt, Barber, Moss, Mc- 
Laughlin, Richardson, Rankin. 

Committee on Corporations 

Senators: Penny, Chairman; Watkins, Moss, Roper, Clement, 
Horton, Neal, Rankin, Bason, Roper, Harmon. 

Committee on Counties, Cities and Towns 

Senators: Corey, Cliairman; Penny, Wallace, Smith, Blythe, 
Watkins, Clement, Garriss, McKinnon, Chaffin, Jones of Surry, 
Powell, White, Jones of Swain, McLaughlin, Allsbrook, Brown, 
Webb, Midgett, Rankin, Roper, Williams. 

Committee on Courts and Judicial Districts 

Senators: Richardson, Chairman; Horton, Moss, Johnson, 
Simms, Powell, Barnhardt, Medford, McKinnon, Kesler, Barber, 
Allsbrook, Corey, Roper, Chaffin, Lumpkin. 

Committee on Distribution of Governor's Message 

Senators: Clement, Chairman; Ferguson, Jenkins, Neal, 
O'Berry, Moss, Horton, Penny, Watkins, Webb, Bason. 

Committee on Education 

Senators: Johnson, Chairman; Horton, Jenkins, Whitaker, 



302 North Carolina Manual 

Wallace, Ferguson, Currie of Durham, Jones of Surry, Blythe, 
Ward, Midgett, Allsbrook, Jones of Swain, Parker, Brown, Gray, 
Powell, Lennon, Fountain, McKinnon, Simms, Webb, Watkins, 
Cole, Chaffin, White, Williams. 

Committee on Election Laws 

Senators: Jones of Swain, Chairman; O'Berry, Clement, Hor- 
ton, Smith, Barber, Cole, Webb, Parker, Roper, Ward, Rankin, 
Neal, Brown, Medford, Mintz. 

Committee on Engrossed and Enrolled Bills 

Senators: Rodman, Chairman; Cole, Webb, Lennon, Roper, 
Midgett, Williams. 

Committee on Finance 

Senators: Gray, Chairman; Whitaker, Blythe, Ward, Kesler, 
Barnhardt, Smith, McLaughlin, Neal, Midgett, Horton, Johnson, 
Lennon, Webb, Cole, Clement, Powell, Medford, Moss, Roper, 
Lumpkin, Bason, Chaffin, Fountain, Harmon. 

Committet on Immigration 

Senators: Powell, Chairman; Lennon, Clement, Garriss, Brown, 
Ferguson, Simms, Webb, Harmon. 

Committee on Institutions for the Blind 

Senators: Simms, Chairman; Brown, O'Berry, Whitaker, Cole, 
Allsbrook, Rodman, Clement, Harmon. 

Committee on Institutions for the Deaf 

Senators: Neal, Cliairman; Mintz, O'Berry, Ferguson, Currie 
of Durham, Penny, McLaughlin, Roper, Williams. 

Committee on Insurance 

Senators: Horton, Chairman; Bason, Allsbrook, Medford, Wat- 



Senate 303 

kins, Gray, Powell, Simms, Barnhardt, O'Berry, Midgett, Chaffin, 
Webb, Smith, Jones of Surry, Fountain, Barber, Neal, Parker, 
Harmon. 

Committee on Internal Improvements 

Senators: Jones of Surry, Chairman; Bason, Chaffin, Fergu- 
son, Barber, Moss, Corey, Cole, Penny, Harmon, Mintz. 

Committee on Interstate and Federal Relations 

Senators: Jenkins, Chairman; Weathers, Barber, Gray, Wat- 
kins, Currie of Moore, Lumpkin, Ward, Currie of Durham, John- 
son, Corey, Smith, Jones of Swain, Horton, Blythe, Rankin, Alls- 
brook, Wallace, Whitaker, Richardson, Chaffin, O'Berry, Barn- 
hardt, White. 

Committee on Journal 

Senators: Fountain, Chairman; Kesler, Rodman, Cole, Clem- 
ent, Penny, Currie of Moore, Mintz, Neal, Harmon. 

Committee on Judiciary No. 1 

Senators: Lumpkin, Chairman; Barnhardt, Horton, Allsbrook, 
Moss, Lennon, Johnson, Barber, Simms, Garriss, Roper, Brown, 
Jones of Swain, McLaughlin, Williams. 

Committee on Judiciary No. 2 

Senators: Ward, Chairman; Kesler, Rodman, Fountain, Corey, 
Whitaker, Chaffin, Powell, Mintz, McKinnon, Richardson, Smith, 
Medford, Parker, Currie of Durham. 

Committee on Justices of the Peace 

Senators: Brown, Chairman; Chaffin, Currie of Durham, 
Penny, Horton, Johnson, Moss, McLaughlin, Parker, O'Berry, 

Mintz. 

Committee on Library 

Senators: Ferguson, Chairman; Wallace, Simms, Midgett, 



304 North Carolina Manual 

Garriss, Lumpkin, Weathers, Kesler, Jenkins, Webb, Roper, Clem- 
ent, Whitaker, Brown, Harmon. 

Committee on Manufacturing, Labor, and Commerce 

Senators: Allsbrook, Chairman; Currie of Durham, Parker, 
Webb, Fountain, Jenkins, Medford, Rankin, Gray, Ward, Horton, 
Ferguson, Richardson, Barber, Wallace, Barnhardt, Roper, Len- 
non, Corey, Penny. 

Committee on Mental Institutions 

Senators: O'Berry, Chairman; Jones of Swain, Smith, Foun- 
tain, Webb, Barnhardt, Midgett, White, Currie of Moore, John- 
son, Blythe, Bason, McLaughlin, Neal, Williams. 

Committee on Military Affairs 

Senators: McLaughlin, Chairman; Rodman, Brown, Gray, 
Mintz, Fountain, Allsbrook, Medford, Garriss, Parker, Midgett, 
McKinnon, Williams. 

Committee on Mining 

Senators: Medford, Chairman; Lumpkin, Clement, Parker, 
Jones of Swain, Neal, Weathers, Smith, Barber, Harmon. 

Committee on Penal Institutions 

Senators: Cole, Chairman; Penny, Corey, Kesler, Webb, Bason, 
Currie of Moore, Watkins, Medford, Rankin, Harmon, Chaffin. 

Committee on Pensions and Soldiers' Home 

Senators: Clement, Chairman; Barnhardt, Wallace, Watkins, 
Bason, Ferguson, Fountain, Midgett, Barber. 

Committee on Printing 

Senators: Jones of Surry, Chairman; Mintz, Clement, Fergu- 
son, Cole, McLaughlin, Harmon. 



Senate 305 

Committee on Propositions and Grievances 

Senators: Wallace, Chairman; Midgett, White, Corey, Moss, 
Currie of Moore, Chaffin, Lennon, Roper, Rankin, Weathers, Fer- 
guson, Bason, Jones of Swain, Watkins, Penny, Williams. 

Committee on Public Health 

Senators: Rankin, Chairman; Jenkins, Cui'rie of Durham, 
Fountain, Parker, Lumpkin, Whitaker, Weathers, Neal, Jones of 
Surry, Barnhardt, Blythe, Smith, Wallace, Powell, Ward, Clem- 
ent, Rodman, White, O'Berry, Jones of Swain, Harmon. 

Committee on Public Roads 

Senators: Currie of Moore, Chairman; Weathers, Jones of 
Swain, Brown, Bason, Parker, Fountain, Lumpkin, Watkins, Gar- 
riss, Richardson, McKinnon, Chaffin, Webb, Midgett, Moss, Rod- 
man, White, Gray, Jones of Surry, Smith, Blythe, Lennon, Powell, 
Wallace, Barber, Roper, Allsbrook. 

Committee on Public Utilities 

Senators: Barnhardt, Chairman; Simms, McKinnon, Ward, 
Smith, Blythe, Kesler, Currie of Moore, White, Jones of Swain, 
Lumpkin, Jenkins, Horton, Allsbrook. Mintz, Barber, Watkins, 
Bason, Garriss, Rankin, Richardson. 

Committee on Public Welfare 

Senators: Whitaker, Chairman; White, Fountain, Jones of 
Surry, Gray, Powell, Blythe, O'Berry, Kesler, Currie of Moore, 
Corey, Horton, Clement, Roper, Rankin, Ferguson, Cole. 

Committee on Railroads 

Senators: Penny, Chairman; McKinnon, Simms, Blythe, Kesler, 
Whitaker, Midgett, Rodman, McLaughlin, Cole, Johnson. 

Committee on Rules 

Senators: Blythe, Chairman; Jenkins, Weathers, Smith, Ward, 



306 North Carolina Manual 

Whitaker, O'Berry, Kesler, Currie of Durham, Corey, Earnhardt, 
Lumpkin, Wallace, Penny, Neal, Rankin, Horton, Allsbrook, 
Johnson. 

Committee on Salaries and Fees 

Senators: Chaffin, Cftairman; Cole, Penny, Kesler, McLaugh- 
lin, Moss, Corey, Rodman, Jenkins, Horton, Mintz, Medford, Ward, 
Garriss, Brown. 

Committee on Senate Expenditures 

Senators: Bason, Chairman; Ward, Ferguson, Blythe, Lennon, 
Watkins, Penny, Roper, Jenkins, Currie of Moore, Webb. 

Committee on Senatorial Districts 

Senators: Roper, Chairman; Rodman, White, Ward, Lennon, 
Mintz, Chaffin, Richardson, Kesler, Rankin, Medford, Fountain. 

Committee on Teachers and State Employees Retirement 

Senators: White, Chairman; Neal, Jenkins, Rodman, Allsbrook, 
Corey, Moss, Johnson, Mintz, Currie of Moore, Richardson, Jones 
of Swain, Bason, Webb, Cole, Kesler, Roper, McLaughlin, Harmon, 
Midgett. 

Committee on Trustees of the Greater University 

Senators: Parker, Chairman; Bason, Richardson, Smith, 
Blythe, McLaughlin, Rankin, Horton, White, Corey, Lumpkin, 
Powell, Mintz, Moss, Ward, Neal, Ferguson, Currie of Durham, 
Wallace, Gray, Penny, Simms, Jenkins, Medford, Watkins, John- 
son. 

Committee on Unemployment Compensation 

Senators: Weathers, Chairman; Corey, Powell, Currie of Dur- 
ham, Jenkins, White, Allsbrook, Ward, Lennon, Cole, Richardson, 
Smith, Blythe, Kesler, Rankin, Barnhardt, Parker, McLaughlin, 
Jones of Surry, Currie of Moore, Harmon. 

Committee on Veterans' Affairs 

Senators: Midgett, Chairman; Blythe, Parker, McLaughlin, 



Senate 307 

Simms, Garriss, Medford, Rodman, Allsbrook, Fountain, Mintz, 
Gray, Brown, Corey, Smith, Currie of Durham, Whitaker, Wil- 
liams. 

Committee on Water Commerce 

Senators: Lennon, Cliairman; Midgett, Rodman, Jenkins, 
Ward, Mintz, Allsbrook, Horton, Whitaker, O'Berry, Johnson. 

Committee on State Commission for the Blind 

Senators: Garriss, Chairman; Webb, Cole, Parker, Clement, 
Brown, Ferguson, Currie of Moore, Blythe, O'Berry, Whitaker, 
Barber, Williams. 






On 



43 


44 


45 



46 



33 



34 



35 



36 



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23 24 25 26 27 



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48 



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40 



41 



42 







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29 



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10 







Seat Assignment Chart — Session 1947 309 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATE 

(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name County Address Seat 

1st Chas H. Jenkins Bertie Aulander 1 

1st Lorimer W. Midgett Pasquotank — Elizabeth City 2 

2nd Hugh G. Horton Martin . Williamson 14 

2nd John C. Rodman .Beaufort Washington 24 

3rd W. W. White ^ v'ance Manson 25 

4th Julian Allsbrook Halifax Roanoke Rapids 8 

4th L. H. Fountain -...- Edgecombe _ Tarboio 9 

5th Arthur B. Corey _ Pitt ___ Greenville 10 

6th Willie Lee Lumpkin Franklin I.ouisburg — 28 

6th O. B. Moss Nash Spring Hope 31 

7th D. L. Ward Craven __ New Bern 'JO 

7th R. A. Whitaker Lenoir Kinston 19 

8th Thomas O'Berry . Wayne Goldsboro 16 

8th Lawrence H. Wallace _.J-;hnston Smithfield 13 

9th Rivers D. Johnson Duplin __ Warsaw 21 

9th Alton A. Lennon JNew Hanover Wilmington 35 

10th Rudolph I. Mintz Brunswick Southport — 34 

10th Junius K. Powell Columbus Whiteville 43 

1 lt'n Henry A. McKinnon Robeson Lumberton . 42 

12th L. M. Chaff in Harnett Lillington ...23 

12th Wilbur H. Currie Moore Carthage 33 

1 3th Wade Barber _ Chatham .....Pittsboro 30 

13th R. N. Simms, Jr Wake Raleigh 29 

14th Claude Currie Durham Durham _ 27 

14th John S. Watkins Granville Oxford 22 

15th S. M. Bason Caswell Yanceyville 26 

16th James Webb Orange Hillsboro __ 49 

17th George T. Penny Guilford Greensboro _ 12 

18th Garland S. Garriss Montgomery Troy -...■. 36 

18th John W. Cole _ Richmond __ Rockingham _._.41 

19th O. L. Richardson Union Monroe 7 

19th W. Erskine Smith —...Stanly Albemarle 6 

20th Joe L. Blythe Mecklenburg Charlotte 11 

21st Luther E. Barnhardt Cabarrus Concord 18 

21st John C. Kesler Rowan „ Salisbury 17 

22nd Gordon Gray __ Forsyth _ Winston-Salem 4 

23rd R. Posey Jones ..Surry Mount Airy .50 

24th Lafayette Williams (R) Yadkin "... Yadkinville 44 

25th John R. McLaughlin Iredell Statesville 38 

25th Sheldon M. Roper Lincoln Lincolnton 39 

26th R. Grady Rankin — Gaston Gastonia 15 

27th W. W. Neal McDowell Marion 37 

27th Lee B. Weathers Cleveland Shelby 5 

28th Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Alexander Taylorsville 32 

29th Wada E. Brown —..Vrtauga __ _ Boone 40 

30th Roy A. Harmon (R) Avery „ E!k Park __ 45 

31st Frank M. Parker Buncombe Asheville 3 

32nd Verne P. Clement Transylvania Brevard 48 

32nd William Medford Ilavwood Waynesville 47 

33rd Baxter C. Jones Swain Bryson City 46 



Officers and Members of the House of Representatives 



OFFICERS 

Thomas J. Pearsall Speaker Rocky Mount 

Mrs. Annie E. Cooper_ Principal Clerk _ — Raleigh 

Ralph Monger. Jr Reading Clerk — Sanford 

H. L. Joyner _ Sergeant-at-arms _ Jackson 

REPRESENTATIVES 
Alphabetically Arranged 

Name County Party Address 

Alexander, Hugh Q._ Cabarrus Democrat ~ v ... . Kannapolis 

Allen, Arch T __Wake Democrat Raleigh 

Avant, Homer G Columbus Democrat - _. Whiteville 

Baldwin, H. T Richmond ....Democrat — Rockingham 

Barker, Oscar G. Durham Democrat Durham 

Bnrker. Raymond C Stanly __ Republican Albemai la 

Bell, C. L Hyde Democrat Swan Quarter 

Bender, R. P _ Jones _ ....Democrat Pollocksville 

Blackwell. Winfield Forsyth _ Democrat-..- - Winston-Salem 

Blalock, U. B Anson _ Democrat-..,..- _ Wadesboro 

Blevins, J. O .'. Ashe Democrat Lansing 

Blue, H. Clifton Moore _ Democrat — Aberdeen 

Bost, E. T. , Jr Cabarrus Democrat — — Concord 

Boswood, G. C Currituck...... Democrat — Gregory 

Branch, Joseph Halifax _ _ Democrat _ _ Enfield 

Buie, J. P Robeson Democrat - Red Springs 

Burgin, L. L. Henderson Democrat - _ Horse Shoe 

Burleson, Jeter C _ Mitchell Republican Bakersville 

Bynum, T. C _ -Cumberland - Democrat Hope Mills 

Chambers. Wm. C McDowell Republican....'. - _ Marion 

Clifton, Deems H Sampson Republican _ - Clinton 

Crissman, Walter E .....Guilford Democrat ->-*.■- - High Point 

Darden, John W. Washington ^e^ocrat — Plymouth 

Dellinger, David P. _...Gaston Democrat Cherryville 

Edwards, Alon70 C. Greene... _ _ Democrat - Hookerton 

Edwards. Dan K Durham __ Democrat Durham 

Eggers. S. C Watauga ...._ Republican _ Boone 

Elmore. Bruce A Swain Democrat - Bryson City 

Ervin. C. W Alleghany _ Democrat Sparta 

Fields, W. R _ Avery Renublican.. - - Elk Park 

Fisher, Henry C Buncombe _ Democrat - - Aaheville 

Fountain, Ben E..._ __. Edgecombe Democrat - Rocky Mount 

Gass, Rex Forsyth Democrat _ Winston-Salem 

Gibbs, H. S _ Carteret - Democrat .__ Morehead City 

Gillespie, Melvin L. Transylvania Democrat Brevard 

Graham. I. P ..Robeson _ _ Democrat - _ Proctorville 

Graham, John W Oh"wan _ Democrat Edenton 

Greene, H-rry A Hoke Democrat - Raeford 

Grier, W. P _ _ Gaston Democrat Gastonia 

Gunn, Jno. O Caswell -democrat Yancey ville 

Gwaltney. M. L Alexander —Democrat — _ Tavlorsville 

Burlinjrton 

South Mills 

Oxford 

New Bern 

Seaboard 

Roxboro 

Oriental 

- Raleigh 



Hall, J. Linwood Alamance Republican 

Halstead, W. I Cimden... Democrat 

Hancock. F. W .. Ill __ Granville Democrat- 

Hardison, Burl G Graven -Democrat 

Harris, H. R Northampton „. Democrat 

Harris, R. L._ Person — Democrat- 



Harris, Ralph M... 
Hatch, William T. 



Pamlico.. 

..Wake 



» Democrat 

-Democrat ._ 



[310] 



House of Representatives 



311 



Name County 

Hathaway, Clarence P — Gates 

Hayes, James M., Jr Forsyth... — 

Hester. R. J., Jr Bladen 

Hocutt, Ronald Johnston 

Houser. Chas F _: — Lincoln 

Hunter, C. Bruce Onslow 

Huskins, J. Frank Yancey 

Hutchins. J. H.. Dr .Madison - 

Hutton Frank R Guilford 

James. Vernon G Pasauotank 

Johnstone. Knox 

Jones, Woodrow W. 

Kerr, John, Jr Warren 

Kermon, R. M 



Party 

Democrat 

Democrat — 

Democrat 

- Democrat — 

Democrat 

Democrat — 

Democrat 



Address 

Sunbury 

Winston-Salem 
Elizabethtown 

Wendell 

Lincolnton 

_ _ Dixon 



-Republican 

Democrat 



Democrat 

Davie -Democrat 

Rutherford Democrat 

Democrat 

New Hanover Democrat 



Kilpatrick. Frank M Pitt Democrat 

Malone, E. H - Franklin — -Democrat 

Martin.' Charles B Martin Democrat 

Martin. G. A - Johnston..- — Democrat 

Mathes'on, John F ...Iredell Democrat. — 

McClung, Ray Graham Democrat....... 

McDona.d. W. H Polk Democrat — 

McGlamerv, Herbert A._ Macon _ Democrat — 

Meekins, Theo. S Dare Democrat — 

Memor- J. I Randolph — — Democrat 

Moore, H. M Clay Democrat — 

Moore! Larry I., Jr Wilson...... Democrat 

Moore, O. L Scot In nd ...Democrat-. 

Morris. Harvey ...Mecklenburg. 



Burnsville 

Marshall 

Greensboro 

Elizabeth City 

Mocksville 

Rutherfordton 

Warrenton 

Wilmington 

Ayden 

Louisburg 

Jamesville 

Smithfield 

Mooresville 

Robbinsville 

Tryon 



— _ _ Franklin 

Manteo 

Randleman 

Hayesville 

- Wi lson 

Laurinburg 

Democrat Charlotte 



Guilford. 

Cleveland. ... 

Du p 1 i n 

._. Harnett 



__*_Haywood- 
Nash.. 



..Cumberland 



Moseley, Robert 

Mull O. M 

Outlaw, Lewis W... 
O^erby. Allison L... 

Palmer. Glenn C 

Pearsall. Thomas J 

Quillin, G. S 

Rsmsav, Kerr Craige Rowan — 

Ransdell, N. F Wake 

Rosser, Landon C Chatham 

Royster, Fred S. Vance 

Scott. LeRoy Beaufort— 

Sevmour, Woodrow W ' ee ■••-- 

Shallington, T. W Tyrrell 

Shore. Henry (Ted) Yadkin 



Democrat- 
-Democrat.. 



Demnerat... 

-Democrat— 



Greensboro 
Shelby 



Seven Springs 

Angier 

Democrat Clyde 

Democrat _ Rocky Mount 

Democrat Fayettevi 1 le 

Democrat Salisbury 

Democrat—.... _ Varina 

Democrat Mt. Vernon Springs 

• Democrat Henderson 



Shreve. CWde A Guilford _ 

Shuford, George A Buncombe 

Sims, Frank K., Jr Mecklenburg 

Smith, H. B Union— Democrat 

Snow, George K. 



Democrat Washington 

Democrat Sanford 

Republican Columbia 

Republican Jonesville 

Democrat Stokesdale 



• Democrat Asheville 

Democrat Charlotte 

Mon roe 

Surry „ Democrat - Mount Airy 



Snvder, J. Eugene Davidson - Republican 

Spruill. C. Wayland. Bertie - Democrat 

Stone. T. Clarence Rockingham— Democrat — 

Stoney. A. B ._ _Burke__ - Democrat 

Story, T. E Wilkes _ Republican 

Taylor, John — Stokes Democrat 

Taylor Rov A „ Buncombe Democrat 

Tavlor. W. Frank Wavne__ - Democrat 

Tomnkins. Dan Jackson. Democrat 

Tonissen. Ed T Mecklenburg Democrat - _ 

Umstead. John W., Jr Orange Democrat 

Underwood. R. H Hertford - Democrat 

Uzaell. Georere R Row?n — _ Democrat — 

Vanderlinden. Harry..— Catawba Democrat 

Voder. James B Mecklenburg.- Democrat 

Wallace, F. E Lenoir Democrat 



Lexington 

Windsor 

._ - Stoneville 

_ Morganton 

Wilkesboro 

„ Danbury 

Black Mountain 

Goldsboro 

Sylva 



Charlo'tT 

. Chanel Hill 

Murfreesboro 

Salisbury 

Hickory 

Charlotte 

Kinston 



312 House of Representatives 

Wallace, J. Paul Montgomery Democrat Troy 

West. W. Bruce Cherokee „.„ Republican Andrews 

Whitfield, J. V Pender Democrat Burgaw 

Williamson, Ode 11 Brunswick Democrat „ - - - Shallotte 

Wilson, Max C. Caldwell Democrat..... - Lenoir 

Winslow, E. Leigh Perquimans Democrat Hertford 

Worthington, Sam O Pitt Democrat Greenville 

REPRESENTATIVES 

Arranged by Counties 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 
County Name Address 

Alamance J. Lin wood Hall (R) Burlington 

Alexander M. L. Gwaltney Taylorsville 

Alleghany C*. W. Ervin Sparta 

Anson U. B. Blalock Wadesboro 

Ashe _ J. O. B levins Lansing 

Avery _ __W. R. Fields (R) . __ Elk Park 

Beaufort LeRov Scott... Washington 

Bertie C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

Bladen R. J. Hester, Jr ... ElizabFthtown 

Brunswick Odell Williamson Shallotte 

Buncombe Henry C. Fisher Asheville 

George A. Shuford Asheville 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 

Burke — A. B. Stoney Morganton 

Cabarrus ,^..._ Hugh Q. Alexander _ Kannapolis 

E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

Caldwell Max C. Wilson __ Lenoir 

Camden _ W. I. Halstead . South Mills 

Carteret _ H. S. Gibbs Morehead City 

Caswell _ Jno. O. Gunn Yanceville 

Catawba rlarry Vander linden Hickory 

Chatham — Landon C. Rosser _ Mt. Vernon Springs 

Cherokee _ W. Bruce West (R) _ Andrews 

Chowan - T on n W. Graham Edenton 

Clay - _ H. M. Moore — Hayesville 

Cleveland . -O. M. Mull - Shelby 

Columbus Hcmer G. Avant Whiteville 

Craven _ _ Burl G. Hardison — New Bern 

Cumberland _ - T. C. Bynum Hope Mills 

(J. S. Quillin - Fayetteville 

Currituck _ G. C. Boswood Gregory 

Dare _ _ — Theo. S. Meekins Manteo 

Davidson J. Eugene Snyder (R) _ Lexington 

Davie _ _ _ „. -Knox Johnstone — Mocks ville 

Duplin „ ...Lewis W. Outlaw Seven Springs 

Durham -Oscar G. Barker Durham 

Dan K. Edwards . ......Durham 

Edgecombe Bsn E. Fountain Rocky Mount 

Forsyth Winfielc Black well Winston-Salem 

Rex Gass _ Winston-Salem 

James M. Hayes, Jr Winston-Salem 

Franklin E. H. Malone Louisburg 

Gaston — ^avid P. Dellinger Cherry ville 

W. P. Grier Gastonia 

Gates Clarence P. Hathaway ... Sunbury 

Graham ^av McClung Robbinsville 

Granville F. W. Hancock. Ill Oxford 

Green A'onzo C. Edwards Hookerton 

Guilford — - Walter E. Crissman High Point 

Frpnk R. Hutton Greensboro 

Robert Moseley — .~ _ Greensboro 

Clyde A. Shreve Stokesdale 



House of Representatives 313 

County Name Address 

Halifax - Joseph Branch - Enfield 

Harnet Allison L. Overby — Angier 

Haywood. „Glenn C. Palmer Clyde 

Henderson L. L. Burgin Horse Shoe 

Hertford... . - -..R- H. Underwood — Murf reesboro 

Hoke - _Harry A. Greene Raeford 

Hyde'Z" """-...-!"" _ _C. L. Bell Swan Quarter 

Iredell _..- John F. Matheson — Mooresville 

Jackson - - Dan Tompkins Sylva 

Johnston Ronald Hocutt Wendell 

G. A. Martin __ Smithfield 

Jones R- P- Bender Pollocksville 

Lee - Woodrow W. Seymour Sanford 

Lenojr.. F. E. Wallace Kinston 

Lincoln Chas. F. Houser Lincolnton 

Macon Herbert A. McGlamery Franklin 

Madison _ Dr. J. H. Hutchins (R*> - Marshall 

Martin „ Charles B. Martin Jamesville 

McDowell __ - Wm. C. Chambers (R) Marion 

Mecklenburg Harvey Morris — Charlotte 

Frank K. Sims, Jr Charlotte 

Ed T. Tonissen Charlotte 

James B. Vogler Charlotte 

Mitchell Jeter C. Burleson (R) Bakersville 

Montgomery J. Paul Wallace Troy 

Moore «* H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 

Nash Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount 

New Hanover R. M. Kermon Wilmington 

Northampton H. R. Harris Seaboard 

Onslow — C. Bruce Hunter Dixon 

Orange John W. Umstead, Jr. __ Chapel Hill 

Pamlico Ralph M. Harris Oriental 

Pasquotank Vernon G. James Elizabeth City 

Pender T. V. Whitfield __ Burgaw 

Perquimans. __.E. Leigh W.inslow Hertford 

Person R. L. Harris Roxboro 

Pitt Frank M. Kilpatrick — .» Ayden 

Sam O. Worthington Greenville 

Polk W. H. McDonald Tryon 

Randolph J. I. Memory — Randleman 

Richmond _ H. T. Baldwin Rockingham 

Robeson J. P. Buie '. — Red Springs 

I. P. Graham Proctorville 

Rockingham T. Clarence Stone Stoneville 

Rowan _ Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 

Georce R. Uzzell Salisbury 

Rutherford __ Woodrow W. Jones Rutherfordtcn 

Sampson Deems H. Clifton (R) _ Clinton 

Scotland O. L. Moore __ Laurinburg 

Stanly— -.Raymond C. Barker YR) Albemarle 

Stokes John Taylor Danbury 

Surry -Geirge K. Snow Mount Airy 

Swain Bruce A. Elmore Bryson City 

Trans vlvania _.Melvin L. Gillespie Brevard 

Tyrrell T. W. Shallington (R) __ Columbia 

Union H. B. Smith Monroe 

Vance— Fred S. Rovster - Henderson 

Wake ..Arch T. Allen— _ Raleigh 

William T. H^tch Raleigh 

N. F. Ransdell Varina 

Warren ,.Tohn Kerr. Jr — Warrenton 

Washington Tohn W. Darden _ Plymouth 

Wata uga __ - R. C. Eg<rers ( R) „ Boone 

Wayne W Frank Taylor— '.. Goldsboro 



314 North Carolina Manual 

County Name Address 

Wilkes T. E. Story (R) ...... Wilkesboro 

Wilson —.-Larry I. Moore, Jr Wilson 

Yadkin Henrv (Ted) Shore (R) -Jonesville 

Yancey J. Frank Huskins „. Burnsville 

Enrolling and Indexing Departments 

Enrolling Clerk Franklin M. Averitt Fayetteville 

Indexer of Laws Thomas A. Banks Raleigh 



House of Representatives 315 

RULES >ND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1947 

Touching the Duties of Speaker 

1. It shall be the duty of the Speaker to have the sessions of 
the House opened with prayer. 

2. He shall take the chair every day at the hour fixed by the 
House on the preceding legislative day, shall immediately call the 
members to order, and, on appearance of a quorum, cause the 
Journal of the preceding day to be approved. 

3. He shall preserve order and decorum, may speak to points 
of order in preference to other members, rising from his seat for 
that purpose, and shall decide questions of order, subject to an 
appeal to the House by any member, on which appeal no member 
shall speak more than once, unless by leave of the House. A two- 
thirds vote of the members present shall be necessary to sustain 
any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

4. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 

5. Questions shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in favor 
(as the question may be) will say 'Aye'," and. after the affirmative 
voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say, 'No'." Upon a 
call for a division the Speaker shall count; if required he shall 
appoint tellers. 

6. The Speaker shall have a general direction of the hall. He 
shall have a right to name any member to perform the duties of 
the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond one day, ex- 
cept in case of sickness or by leave of the House. 

7. All committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, unless 
otherwise specially ordered by the House. 

8. In all elections the Speaker may vote. In all other cases he 
may exercise his right to vote, or he may reserve this right until 
there is a tie; but in no case shall he be allowed to vote twice on 
the same question. 

9. All acts, addresses, and resolutions, and all warrants and 
subpoenas issued by order of the House shall be signed by the 
Speaker. 



316 North Carolina Manual 

10. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the 
galleries or lobby, the Speaker or other presiding officer shall 
have power to order the same to be cleared. 

11. No person except members and officers and clerks of the 
General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts, 
State officers, former members of the General Assembly who are 
not registered under the provisions of Article 9 of Chapter 120 of 
the General Statutes of North Carolina, and persons particularly 
invited by the Speaker shall be admitted within the hall of the 
House: Provided, that no person except members and officers of 
the General Assembly shall be allowed on the floor of the House 
or in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk, unless permitted 
by the Speaker of the House. 

12. No motion to suspend the rules for the purpose of extend- 
ing the courtesies of the floor, lobby or gallery shall be made 
during the consideration of the Public Calendar, except upon 
motion of the Speaker. 

13. Reporters wishing to take down debates may be admitted 
by the Speaker, who shall assign such places to them on the floor 
or elsewhere, to effect this object, as shall not interfere with the 
convenience of the House. 

14. Smoking shall not be allowed in the hall, lobbies, or the 
galleries while the House is in session: Provided, that smoking 
may te permitted in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk. 

Order of Business of the Day 

15. After the approval of the Journal of the preceding day, 
which shall stand approved without objection, the House shall 
proceed to business in the following order, viz. : 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials, and papers ad- 
dressed to the General Assembly or to the House. 

(2) Reports of standing committees. 

(3) Reports of select committees. 

(4) Resolutions. 

(5) Bills. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 



House of Representatives 317 

(7) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages, and other 
papers on the Calendar, in their exact numerical order, unless 
displaced by the orders of the day; but messages and motions to 
elect officers shall always be in order. 

No member shall rise from his seat to introduce any petition, 
resolution, or bill out of order unless he is permitted so to do by a 
suspension of the rules. 

On Decorum in Debate 

1G. When any member is about to speak in debate or deliver 
any matter to the House, he shall rise from his seat and respect- 
fully address the Speaker. 

17. When the Speaker shall call a member to order, the mem- 
ber shall sit down, as also he shall when called to order by another 
member, unless the Speaker decides the point of order in his favor. 
By leave of the House a member called to order may clear a mat- 
ter of fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as 
the decision stands but by permission of the House. Any member 
may appeal from the decision of the Chair, and if, upon appeal, 
the decision te in favor of the member called to order, he may 
proceed; if otherwise, he shall not, except by leave of the House; 
and if the case, in the judgment of the House, require it, he shall 
be liable to its censure. 

18. No member shail speak until recognized by the Chair, and 
when two or more members rise at the same time the Speaker 
shall name the member to speak. 

19. No member shall speak more than twice on the main ques- 
tion, nor longer than thirty minutes for the first speech and fif- 
teen minutes for the second speech, unless allowed to do so by 
the affirmative vote of a majority of the members present; nor 
shall he speak more than once upon an amendment or motion to 
commit or postpone, and then not longer than ten minutes. But 
the House may, by consent of a majority, suspend the operations 
of this rule during any debate on any particular question before 
the House, or the Committee on Rules may bring in a special rule 
that shall be applicable to the debate on any bill. 

20. While the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing 
the House, no person shall speak, stand up, walk out of or cross 



318 North Carolina Manual 

the House, nor when a member is speaking, entertain private dis- 
course, stand up, or pass between him and the Chair. 

21. No member shall vote on any question when he was not 
present when the question was put by the Speaker, except by the 
consent of the House. Upon a division and count of the House 
on any question, no member without the bar shall be counted. 

22. Every member who shall be in the hall of the House for 
the above purpose when the question is put shall give his vote upon 
a call of the ayes and noes, unless the House for special reasons 
shall excuse him, and no application to be excused from voting or 
to explain a vote shall be entertained unless made before the call 
of the roll. The hall of the House shall include the lobbies and 
offices connected with the hall. 

23. When a motion is made it shall be stated by the Speaker or, 
if written, it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by the 
Speaker or Clerk before debate. A motion to table or adjourn 
shall be seconded before the motion is put by the Speaker to the 
vote of the House. 

24. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Speaker 
or any two members request it. 

25. After a motion is stated by the Speaker or read by the 
Clerk, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but 
may be withdrawn before a decision or amendment, except in case 
of a motion to reconsider, which motion, when made by a mem- 
ber shall be deemed and taken to be in possession of the House, 
and shall not be withdrawn without leave of the House. 

26. When a question is under debate no motion shall be re- 
ceived but to adjourn, to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, 
to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, which several 
motions shall have precedence in the order in which they stand 
arranged; and no motion to lay on the table, to postpone indefi- 
nitely, to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, being 
decided, shall be again allowed at the same stage of the bill or 
proposition. 

27. A motion to adjourn or lay on the table shall be decided 
without debate, and a motion to adjourn shall always be in order, 
except when the House is voting or some member is speaking; 
but a motion to adjourn shall not follow a motion to adjourn 



House of Representatives 319 

until debate or some other business of the House has intervened. 

28. In case of adjourncent without any hour being named, the 
House shall reconvene on the next legislative day at twelve 
o'clock noon. 

29. When a question has been postponed indefinitely, the same 
shall not be acted on again during the session, except upon a two- 
thirds vote. 

30. Any member may call for a division of the question, when 
the same shall admit of it, which shall be determined by the 
Speaker. 

31. When a motion has been once made and carried in the af- 
firmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the 
majority to move for the reconsideration thereof, on the same or 
succeeding day, unless it may have subsequently passed the Sen- 
ate, and no motion to reconsider shall be taken from the table 
except by a two-thirds vote. But unless such vote has been taken 
by a call of the yeas and nays, any member may move to recon- 
sider. 

32. When the reading of a paper is called for, which has been 
read in the Houses, and the same is objected to by any member, 
it shall be determined by a vote of the House. 

32. Petitions, memorials, and other papers addressed to the 
House shall be presented by the Speaker; a brief statement of the 
contents thereof may be verbally made by the introducer before 
reference to a committee, but shall not be debated or decided on 
the day of their first being read, unless the House shall direct 
otherwise. 

34. When the ayes and noes are called for on any question, it 
shall be on motion before the question is put; and if seconded by 
one-fifth of the members present, the question shall be decided by 
the ayes and noes; and in taking the ayes and noes, or on a call 
of the House, the names of the members will be taken alpha- 
betically. 

35. Decency of speech shall be observed and personal reflection 
carefully avoided. 

36. Any member may arise at any time to speak to a question 
of personal privilege, and upon objection to him proceeding, the 



320 North Carolina Manual 

Speaker shall determine if the question is one of privilege. 

37. Fifteen members, including the Speaker, shall be author- 
ized to compel the attendance of absent members. A quorum shall 
consist of a majority of the qualified members of the House. 

38. No member or officer of the House shall absent himself 
from the service of the House without leave, unless from sickness 
or inability. 

39. Any member may excuse himself from serving on any 
committee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

40. If any member shall be necessarily absent on temporary 
business of the House when a vote is taken upon any question, 
upon entering the House he shall be permitted, on request, to 
vote, provided that the result shall not be thereby affected. 

41. No standing rule or order shall be rescinded or altered 
without one day's notice given on the motion thereof, and to sus- 
tain such motion two-thirds of the House shall be required. 

42. The members of the House shall uncover their heads upon 
entering the House while it is in session, and shall continue so 
uncovered during their continuance in the hall, except Quakers. 

43. A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority 
vote, except a motion to reconsider an indefinite postponement, or 
a motion to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to reconsider, 
which shall require a two-thirds vote. 

44. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provi- 
sions of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other 
measure. Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by 
the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall 
not be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the 
elected members. 

45. A motion to table an amendment sent up from the floor 
shall not be construed as a motion to table the principal bill or any 
other amendment which has been offered thereto, and if such 
motion is carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the table. 

46. When a member desires to interrupt a member having the 
floor he shall first obtain recognition by the Chair and permission 
of the member occupying the floor, and when so recognized and 



House of Representatives 321 

such permission is obtained he may propound a question to the 
member occupying the floor, but he shall not propound a series 
of questions or interrogatories or otherwise interrupt the mem- 
ber having the floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point of 
order being raised, enforce this rule. 

Standing Committees 

47. At the commencement of the session a standing committee 
shall be appointed by the Speaker on each of the following sub- 
jects, namely: 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Banking. 

On Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry. 

On Commission and Institutions for the Blind. 

On Congressional Districts. 

On Conservation and Development. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities, and Towns. 

On Courts and Judicial Districts. 

On Drainage. 

On Education. 

On Election and Election Laws. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Expenditures of the House. 

On Federal and Interstate Cooperation. 

On Finance. 

On Game. 

On Health. 

On Higher Education. 

On Mental Institutions. 

On Institutions for the Deaf. 



322 North Carolina Manual 

On Insurance. 

On the Journal. 

On; Judiciary No. 1. 

On Judiciary No. 2. 

On Manufactures and Labor. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Pensions. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Roads. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senatorial Districts. 

On Unemployment Compensation. 

On Veterans Legislation. 

Joint Committees 

On Enrolled Bills. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Library. 

On Printing. 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Trustees of University. 

The first member announced on each committee shall be chair- 
man, and where the Speaker so desires he may designate a vice 
chairman. 

48. Whenever the House shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put ty the Senate to a bill originating in the House, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the Senate for a 
bill originating in the House, a conference committee shall be ap- 
pointed upon motion made, consisting of the number named in the 



House of Representatives 323 

motion; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go to and 
be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the House and 
Senate. In considering matters in difference between the House 
and Senate committed to the conferees only such matters as are 
in difference between the two houses shall be considered by the 
conferees, and the conference report shall deal only with such 
matters. The conference report shall not be amended. Except as 
herein set out, the rules of the House of Representatives of Con- 
gress shall govern the appointment, conduct, and reports of the 
conferees. 

49. In forming a Committee of the Whole House, the Speaker 
shall leave the Chair, and a Chairman to preside in committee 
shall be appointed by the Speaker. 

50. Upon bills submitted to a Committee of the Whole House, 
the bill shall be first read throughout by the Clerk, and then 
again read and debated by sections, leaving the preamble to be 
last considered. The body of the till shall not be defaced or inter- 
lined, but all amendments, noting the page and line, shall be duly 
entered by the Clerk on a separate paper as the same shall be 
agreed to by the committee, and so reported to the House. After 
report, the bill shall again be subject to be debated and amended 
by sections before a question on its passage be taken. 

51. The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in a 
Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be applicable, 
except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the previous 
question. 

52. In a Committee of the Whole House a motion that the 
committee rise shall always be in order, except when a member 
is speaking, and shall be decided without debate. 

53. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for suspension, of 
the rules, or ty order of the House, or on the report of a com- 
mittee, unless introduced in regular order during the morning 
hour. 

54. All bills and resolutions shall be reported from the com- 
mittee to which referred, with such recommendation as the com- 
mitee may desire to make. 

55. Every bill shall receive three readings in the House pre- 
vious to its passage, and the Speaker shall give notice at each 



324 North Carolina Manual 

whether it be its first, second, or third reading. 

56. Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly 
endorse thereon the substance of the same. 

57. All bills and resolutions shall upon their introduction be 
referred by the Speaker, without suggestion from the introducer, 
to the appropriate committee. No bills shall be withdrawn from 
the committee to which referred except upon motion duly made 
and carried by a two-thirds vote. 

58. The Clerk of the House shall keep a separate calendar of 
the public, local, and private bills, and shall number them in the 
order in which they are introduced, and all bills shall be disposed 
of in the order they stand upon the Calendar; but the Committee 
on Rules may at any time arrange the order of precedence in 
which bills may be considered. No bill shall be twice read on the 
same day without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members. 

59. All resolutions which may grant money out of the Treas- 
ury, or such as shall be of public nature, shall be treated in all 
respects in a similar manner with public bills. 

60. The Clerk of the House shall be deemed to continue in of- 
fice until another is appointed. 

61. On the point of no quorum being raised, the doors shall be 
closed and there shall be a call of the House, and upon a call of 
the House the names of the members shall be called over by the 
Clerk and the absentees noted, after which the name of the absen- 
tees shall again be called over. Those for whom no excuse or suffi- 
cient excuses are made may, by order of those present, if fifteen 
in number, be taken into custody as they appear, or may be sent 
for and taken into custody wherever to be found by special mes- 
senger appointed for that purpose. 

Previous Question 

62. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the 
main question be now put?" and, until it is decided, shall preclude 
all amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill, 
resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when amend- 
ments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such amend- 



House of Representatives 325 

ments, in inverse order, without further debate or amendment. If 
such question be decided in the negative, the main question shall 
be considered as remaining under debate: Provided, that no one 
shall move the previous question except the member submitting 
the report on the bill or other matter under consideration, and 
the member introducing the bill or other matter under considera- 
tion, or the member in charge of the measure, who shall be des- 
ignated by the chairman of the committee reporting the same to 
the House at the time the bill or other matter under consideration 
is reported to the House or taken up for consideration. 

When a motion for the previous question is made, and pending 
the second thereto by a majority, debate shall cease; but if any 
member obtains the floor, he may move to lay the matter under 
consideration on the table, or move an adjournment, and when 
both or either of these motions are pending the question shall 
stand : 

(1) Previous question. 

(2) To adjourn. 

(3) To lay on the table. 

And then upon the main question, or amendments, or the mo- 
tion to postpone indefinitely, postpone to a day certain, to com- 
mit, or amend, in the order of their precedence, until the main 
question is reached or disposed of; but after the previous question 
has been called by a majority, no motion, or amendment, or de- 
bate shall be in order. 

All motions below the motions to lay on the table must be 
made prior to a motion for the previous question; but, pending 
and not after the second therefor, by the majority of the House, 
a motion to adjourn or lay on the table, or both, are in order. This 
constitutes the precedence of the motions to adjourn and lay on 
the table over other motions, in Rule 25. 

Motions stands as follows in order of precedence in Rule 26: 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit or amend. 

When the previous question is called, all motions below it fall, 
unless made prior to the call, and all motions above it fall after 



326 North Carolina Manual 

its second by a majority required. Pending the second, the mo- 
tions to adjourn and lay on the table are in order, but not after a 
second. When in order and every motion is before the House, the 
question stands as follows: 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone indefinitely. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit. 

Amendment to amendment. 

Amendment. 

Substitute. 

Bill. 

The previous question covers all other motions when seconded 
by a majority of the House, and proceeds by regular graduation 
to the main question, without debate, amendment, or motion, until 
such question is reached or disposed of. 

63. All committees, other than the Committee on Appropria- 
tions, when favorably reporting any bill which carries an appro- 
priation from the State, shall indicate same in the report, and 
said bill shall be re-referred to the Committee on Appropriations 
for a further report before being acted upon by the House. All 
committees, other than the Committee on Finance, when favor- 
ably reporting any bill which in any way or manner raises reve- 
nue or levies a tax or authorizes the issue of bonds or notes, 
whether public, public-local, or private, shall indicate same in the 
report, and said bill shall be re-referred to the Committee on Fi- 
nance for a further report before being acted upon by the House. 

64. The Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may ap- 
point, with the approval of the Speaker, such assistants as may 
be necessary to the efficient discharge of the duties of their va- 
rious offices, and one or more of whom may be assigned by the 
Speaker from the Principal Clerk's office to the office of the At- 
torney General for the purpose of drafting bills. 

65. The Speaker may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, and he 
may also appoint ten pages to wait upon the sessions of the 
House, and when the pressure of business may require, he may 
appoint five additional pages. 



House of Representatives 327 

66. The Chairman of each of the following' committees: Agri- 
culture, Appropriations, Banks and Banking, Conservation and 
Development, Constitutional Amendments, Counties, Cities, and 
Towns, Courts and Judicial Districts, Education, Elections and 
Election Laws, Finance, Health, Higher Education, Insurance, 
Judiciary No. 1, Judiciary No. 2, Manufactures and Labor, Men- 
tal Institutions, Propositions and Grievances, Public Utilities, 
Public Welfare, Roads, Rules, Salaries and Fees, Unemployment 
Compensation, and Veterans Legislation, may each appoint a 
clerk to the said committee. All committee clerks heretofore pro- 
vided for are to be appointed by and with the approval of the 
Speaker. With the exception of the Clerks appointed to the Appro- 
priations and Finance, the Clerks to all the other atove-named 
committees, when not on duty with their specific committee shall 
report to and be under the supervision of the Principal Clerk 
of the House for assignment to special duty with other committees 
and to serve the convenience of the members of the House. 

67. The Chairman of all committees shall notify, or cause to 
be notified, the first named introducer on such bills as are set for 
hearing before their respective committees, the date, time and 
place of such hearing. 

68. That no clerk, laborer, or other person employed or ap- 
pointed under Rules 59, 60, and 61 hereof shall receive during 
such employment, appointment, or service any compensation from 
any department of the State Government, or from any other 
source, and there shall not be voted, paid, or awarded any addi- 
tional pay, bonus, or gratuity to any of them, but said persons 
shall receive only the pay for such duties and services as now pro- 
vided by law. When the House is not in session the pages shall be 
under the supervision of the Principal Clerk. 

69. The chairman and five other members of any committee 
shall constitute a quorum of said committee for the transaction 
of business. 

70. The Committee on the Journal shall examine daily the 
Journal of the House before the hour of convening, and report 
after the opening of the House whether or not the proceedings 
of the previous day have been correctly recorded. 

71. When a bill shall be reported by a committee with a rec- 



328 North Carolina Manual 

ommendation that it be not passed, but accompanied by a mi- 
nority report, the question before the House shall be "The adop- 
tion of the minority report," and if failing to be adopted by a 
two-thirds vote, the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable 
calendar. Such minority report shall be signed by at least three 
members of the committee who were present when the bill was 
considered in committee: Provided, however, that where a minority 
report is filed the proponents and opponents of the question pre- 
sented thereby shall be allowed not to exceed ten minutes on each 
side to explain the question: Provided, further, that by a majority 
vote the time may be extended for a discussion of the minority 
report and on the merits of the bill. In the event there is an un- 
favorable report with no minority report accompanying it, the 
bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. To take a bill 
from the unfavorable calendar, a two-thirds vote shall be neces- 
sary. 

72. A bill from the unfavorable calendar shall not be debata- 
ble, but the movant may make a brief and concise statement of 
the reasons for the motion before making the motion, taking not 
more than five minutes. 

73. Whenever a public bill is introduced a carbon copy thereof 
shall accompany the bill. The Reading Clerk shall stamp the copy 
with the number stamped upon the original bill. Such copy shall 
be daily delivered to the joint committee hereinafter provided for. 
The Principal Clerk shall deliver the carbon copy of the bill des- 
ignated to be printed, as hereinafter provided for, to the Public 
Printer and cause four hundred copies thereof to be printed. On 
the morning following the delivery of the printed copies, the Chief 
Clerk shall cause the chief page to have one copy thereof put upon 
the desk of each member and shall retain the other printed copies 
in his office. A sufficient number of the printed copies for the use 
of the committee to which the bill is referred shall be by the chief 
page delivered to the chairman or clerk of that committee. If the 
bill is passed, the remaining copies shall be by the chief page de- 
livered to the Principal Clerk of the Senate for the use of the 
Senate. The cost of printing shall be paid from the contingent 
fund of the House of Representatives. The Chairman of the Rules 
Committee of the House and the Chairman of the Rules Commit- 
tee of the Senate shall appoint a sub-committee consisting of two 



House of Representatives 329 

members of the House and two members of the Senate from the 
body of the House and Senate, and such chairmen shall notify the 
Principal Clerk of the House and the Senate who has been so ap- 
pointed. Such sub-cornmittee shall meet daily and examine the 
carbon copies of the public bills introduced and determine which 
of such bills shall be printed and which shall not, and stamp the 
copies accordingly. Such sub-committees shall serve for one week 
unless for good cause the chairmen of the respective rules com- 
mittees shall determine otherwise. If the member introducing a 
public bill, which the committee shall determine should not be 
printed, so desires, he may appear before the committee at the 
next meeting thereof with reference thereto. 

74. Whenever any resolution or bill is introduced a carbon copy 
thereof shall be attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall 
cause said carbon copy to be numbered as the original resolution 
or bill is numbered, and shall cause the same to be available at 
all times to the member introducing the same. In case the resolu- 
tion or bill is a public resolution or bill, an additional carbon 
copy shall also be attached thereto for the use of the Public 
Printer, under the provisions of Rule 66. 

Procedure Data 

Quorum _ _ Majority of Qualified Members 

To compel Attendance of 

Absentees 15 Members (including presiding officer) 

To withdraw Bill from Committee _ Two-thirds 

Second to Motion for Record Vote _ One-fifth of those present 

Substitute Motion _ Majority 

To Overrule the Chair. _ „ _ Two-Thirds 

Permission to Speak More than Twice on Main Question and 

once on an Amendment or Motion Majority (or special rule) 

To Suspend Any Rule _ Two-Thirds 

To Sustain Motion to Rescind or Alter Standing Rule...Two-Thirds 

Motion to Reconsider ~ _ _.- Majority 

To Reconsider Motion Laid on Table Two-Thii Is 

Motion to Postpone - _ „.. Majority 

To Take from Table _ Two-Thirds 

To Reconsider Table Vote _ Majority 

Second to Motion for Previous Question Majority 



330 North Carolina Manual 

Limit Time of Debate _ _ _ Majority 

Bill to Alter Constitution Three-Fifths of Membership 

ARTICLE II 

Constitution of North Carolina 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon power of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. 

The General Assembly shall not pass any local, private, or 
special act or resolution relating to the establishment of courts 
inferior to the Superior Court; relating to the appointment of 
justices of the peace; relating to health, sanitation, and the abate- 
ment of nuisances; changing the names of cities, towns, and 
townships; authorizing the laying out, opening, altering, main- 
taining, or discontinuing of highways, streets, or alleys; relating 
to ferries or bridges, relating to non-navigable streams, relating 
to cemeteries; relating to the pay of jurors; erecting new town- 
ships, or changing township' lines, or establishing or changing 
the line of school districts; remitting fines, penalties, and for- 
feitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into the Public Treas- 
ury; regulating labor, trade, mining, or manufacturing; extend- 
ing the time for the assessment or collection of taxes or other- 
wise relieving any collector of taxes from the due performance of 
his official duties or his sureties from liability; giving effect to 
informal wills and deeds; nor shall the Genei*al Assembly enact 
any such local, private, or special act by the partial repeal of a 
general law, but the General Assembly may at any time repeal 
local, private, or special laws enacted by it. Any local,. private or 
special act or resolution passed in violation of the provisions of 
this section shall be void. The General Assembly shall have power 
to pass general laws regulating matters set out in this section. 



House of Representatives 331 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED 

Committee on Agriculture 

Mr. Edwards of Greene, Chairman, Mr. Palmer, Vice-Chairman, 
Messrs: Whitfield, Avant, Bender, Blackwell, Blalock, Boswood, 
Branch, Burgin, Bynum, Fields (R), Fountain, Gass, Graham of 
Robeson, Greene, Gunn, Gwaltney, Hancock, Hardison, Harris of 
Northampton, Harris of Pamlico, Hathaway, Hocutt, Houser, 
Hunter, Hutton, James, Kilpatrick, Malone, Martin of Martin, 
Moore of Wilson, Morris, Mull, McGlamery, Outlaw, Overby, 
Ransdell, Rosser, Royster, Shallington (R), Snyder (R), Spruill, 
Taylor of Stokes, Winslow, 

Committee on Appropriations 

Mr. Allen, Chairman, Mr. Stone, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: Alex- 
ander, Avant, Baldwin, Barker of Stanly (R), Bender, Blackwell, 
Blue, Boswood, Buie, Burleson (R), Crissman, Edwards of Dur- 
ham, Edwards of Greene, Eggers (R), Elmore, Ervin, Fields 
(R), Gass, Gillespie, Greene, Grier, Gunn, Hancock, Harris of 
Person, Hathaway, Hutchins (R), Johnstone, Jones, Kerr, Kil- 
patrick, Malone, Martin of Johnston, Martin of Martin, Matheson, 
Memory, Moore of Clay, Morris, Moseley, Mull, McClung, Mc- 
Glamery, Outlaw, Overby, Palmer, Quillin, Ramsay, Ransdell, 
Rosser, Royster, Seymour, Snow, Spruill, Stoney, Story (R), 
Taylor of Buncombe, Taylor of Stokes, Taylor of Wayne, Urn- 
stead, Uzzell, Vander Linden, Wallace of Montgomery, Whitfield, 
Wilson. 

Committee on Banks and Banking 

Mr. Harris of Northampton, Chairman, Mr. Fountain, Vice- 
Chairman, Messrs: Baldwin, Barker of Durham, Bell, Blalock, 
Blevins, Bost, Chambers (R), Crissman, Gillespie, Graham of 
Chowan, Gunn, Hardison, Harris of Person, Hutton, Johnstone, 
Jones, Kermon, Martin of Johnston, Matheson, Mull, Palmer, 



332 North Carolina Manual 

Ramsay, Shore (R), Sims, Snow, Stone, Stoney, Taylor of Bun- 
combe, Taylor of Wayne, Wallace of Lenoir, Wallace of Mont- 
gomery, Wilson, Worthington. 

Committee on Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry 

Mr. Meekins of Dare, Chairman, Mr. Bell of Hyde, Vice-Chair- 
man, Messrss Barker of Stanly (R), Boswood, Bynum, Darden, 
Gibbs, Graham, Halstead, Hardison, Harris of Pamlico, Hatha- 
way, Houser, Hunter, James, Kermon, Overby, Scott, Shalling- 
ton (R), Snyder (R), Underwood, Whitfield, Williamson, Win- 
slow. 

Committee on Commission and Institutions for the Blind 

Mr. Ransdell of Wake, Chairman, Messrs: Alexander, Eggers 
(R), Ervin, Fisher, Gillespie, Gunn, Hatch, Houser, Malone, Mem- 
ory, Morris, McClung, McGlamery, Overby, Shore (R), Shreve, 
Spruill, Tonissen, Wallace of Montgomery, West (R). 

Committee on Congressional Districts 

Mr. McDonald, Chairman, Mr. Wilson, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: 
Avant, Burgin, Edwards of Durham, Fisher, Fountain, Gibbs, 
Graham of Robeson, Grier, Gunn, Hall (R), Halstead, Hancock, 
Kerr, Martin of Johnston, Martin of Martin, Matheson, Memory, 
Moore of Wilson, Mull, McGlamery, Outlaw,' Ransdell, Shore (R), 
Shreve, Smith, Stoney, Story (R), Taylor of Stokes, Tonissen, 
Uzzeli, Wallace of Montgomery, Whitfield, Williamson, Worth- 
ington. 

Committee on Conservation & Development 

Mr. Whitfield, Chairman, Mr. Burgin, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: 
Avant, Blue, Bost, Boswood, Buie, Darden, Edwards of Durham, 
Edwards of Greene, Eggers (R), Elmore, Gass, Greene, Grier, 
Gunn, Gwaltney, Harris of Pimlico, Harris of Person, Hester, 
Kermon, Kerr, Martin of Johnston, Matheson, Meekins, Moore 
of Scotland, Moore of Wilson, Morris, Mull, McDonald, Overby, 
Palmer, Quillin, Rosser, Royster, Shallington (R), Shuford, 
Smith, Snow, Snyder (R), Spruill, Stone, Stoney, Taylor of 



House of Kepresentatives 333 

Wayne, Umstead, Uzzell, Vander Linden, Vogler, Wallace of Le- 
noir, Wilson, Winslow. 

Committee on Constitutional Amendments 

Mr. Kerr, Cfuxirman, Mr. Martin of Johnston, Vice-Chairman, 
Messrs: Alexander, Avant, Barker of Stanly (R), Bell, Bost, 
Crissman, Elmore, Fountain, Greene, Halstead, Hancock, Harris of 
Person, Hatch, Hayes, Hutton, Jones, Matheson, Moseley, Mull, 
Royster, Seymour, Shore (R), Snow, Story (R), Taylor of Bun- 
combe, Tompkins, Tonissen, Umstead, Uzzell, Wallace of Lenoir, 
West (R), Wilson. 

Committee on Corporations 

Mr. Hatch, Chairman, Messrs: Alexander, Baldwin, Barker of 
Durham, Bender, Blalock, Blevins, Burleson (R), Bynum, Cham- 
bers (R), Dellinger, Eggers (R), Fisher, Harris of Northampton, 
Johnstone, Matheson, McClung, McDonald, McGlamery, Overby, 
Quillin, Ramsay, Scott, Seymour, Sims, Vander Linden, Worth- 
ington. 

Committee on Counties, Cities, and Towns 

Mr. Shuford, Chairman, Mr- Gunn, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: 
Avant, Boswood, Buie, Burgin, Edwards of Durham, Eggers (R), 
Fisher, Gass, Gillespie, Gwaltney, Hatch, Hathaway, Hester, 
Hocutt, Huskins, Hutchins (R), Hutton, James, Jones, Kilpatrick, 
Malone, Martin of Martin, Memory, McClung, Quillin, Royster, 
Scott, Seymour, Shallington (R), Stone, Story (R), Taylor of 
Stokes, Underwood, Uzzell, Vander Linden, Vogler, Whitfield, 
Williamson, Wilson. 

Committee on Courts and Judicial Districts 

Mr. Halstead, Chairman, Mr. Bender, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: 
Allen, Barker of Durham, Bell, Blackwell, Bost, Branch, Elmore, 
Fisher, Fountain, Graham of Chowan, Hatch, Hayes, Hester, Hus- 
kins, Johnstone, Kerr, Martin of Johnston, Moseley, Mull, Quillin, 
Ramsay, Shreve, Sims, Stone, Story (R), Taylor of Wayne, Wal- 
lace of Lenoir, Wilson, Worthington. 



334 North Carolina Manual 



Committee on Drainage 



Mr. James, Chairman, Messrs: Bell, Boswood, Gibbs, Graham 
of Robeson, Hardison, Harris of Northampton, Hathaway, Kil- 
patrick, Meekins, Overby, Rosser, Scott, Shallington (R), Spruill, 
Underwood, Whitfield, Williamson, Winslow. 

Committee on Education 

Mr. Stoney, Chairman, Mr. Harris of Person, V ice-Chairman, 
Messrs: McDonald, Alexander, Allen, Barker of Durham, Black- 
well, Blue, Boswood, Buie, Clifton (R), Crissman, Darden, Ed- 
wards of Greene, Fountain, Grier, Halstead, Hancock, Harris of 
Pamlico, Hunter, Hutchins (R), Kermon, Kerr, Martin of John- 
ston, Martin of Martin, Matheson, Moore of Scotland, Moseley, 
McGlamery, Scott, Smith, Snow, Story (R), Taylor of Buncombe, 
Taylor of Wayne, Tompkins, Umstead, Underwood, Uzzell, Vogler, 
Worthington. 

Committee on Election and Election Laws 

Mr. Vogler, Chairman, Mr. Tompkins, Vice-chairman, Messrs: 
Blackwell, Blevins, Bost, Burgin, Ciifton (R), Fisher, Graham 
of Chowan, Gwaltney, Hall (R), Halstead, Harris of Person, Hatch, 
Houser, Hunter, Huskins, Johnstone, Jones, Kermon, Kerr, Mem- 
ory, Moore of Clay, Moore of Wilson, Mull, McClung, McDonald, 
Outlaw, Palmer, Shreve, Stoney, Story (R). Taylor of Stokes, 
Taylor of Wayne, Tonissen, Uzzell. 

Committee on Engrossed Bills 

Mr. Buie, Chairman, Messrs: Blue, Boswood Dellinger, Fields 
(R), Hall (R), Halstead, Malone, Morris, McDonald, Overby, Quil- 
lan, Seymour, Snyder (R), Taylor of Buncombe, Underwood, 
West (R). 

Committee on Expenditures of the House 

Mr. Martin of Johnston, Chairman, Messrs: Baldwin, Bender, 
Blalock, Blue, Buie, Darden, Dellinger, Gunn, Hardison, McClung, 
McGlamery, Overby, Rosser, Shallington (R), Shore (R), Tonis- 
sen, Umstead. 



House of Representatives 335 

Committee on Federal and Interstate Cooperation 

Mr. Bender, Chairman, Messrs. Blalock, Crissman, Dellinger, 
Elmore, Ervin, Gass, Gunn, Hancock, Martin of Martin, Moore 
of Wilson, Malone, Moseley, Mull, McDonald, Quillin, Rosser, 
Tompkins, Tonissen, Vogler, Worthington. 

Committee on Finance 

Mr. Ramsay, Chairman, Mr. Taylor of Wayne, Vice-chairman, 
Messrs: Allen, Barker, Bell, Blalock, Blevins, Bost, Branch, Bur- 
gin, Bynum, Chambers (R), Clifton (R), Darden, Dellinger, Fisher, 
Fountain, Gibbs, Graham of Chowan, Graham of Robeson, Gwalt- 
ney, Hall (R), Halstead, Hardison, Harris of Northampton, Har- 
ris of Pamlico, Harris of Person, Hatch, Hayes, Hester, Hocutt, 
Houser, Hunter, Huskins, Hutton, James, Kermon, Kerr, Meekins, 
Moore of Scotland, Moore of Wilson, Mull, McDonald, Scott, 
Shallington (R), Shore (R), Shreve, Shuford, Sims, Smith, Sny- 
der, Stone, Tompkins, Tonissen, Underwood, Vogler, Wallace of 
Lenoir, West, Williamson, Winslow, Worthington. 

Committee on Game 

Mr. Boswood, Chairman, Messrs : Allen, Baldwin, Barker of Dur- 
ham, Barker of Stanly (R), Bender, Blevins, Burgin, Bynum, 
Clifton (R), Ervin, Fields (R), Gibbs, Graham of Robeson, Gunn, 
Hall (R), Hardison, Harris of Northampton, Houser, Huskins, 
Johnstone, Morris, Outlaw, Seymour, Smith, Snow, Taylor of 
Buncombe, Taylor of Stokes, Tompkins, Underwood, Uzzell, West 

(R). 

Committee on Health 

Mr. Wallace of Lenoir, Clvairman, Mr. Hester, Vice-Chairman, 
Messrs: Barker of Durham, Blackwell, Blevins, Buie, Burleson, 
(R), Elmore, Fountain, Gwaltney, Harris of Person, Hunter, 
Hutchins (R), James, Kermon, Kerr, Kilpatrick, Martin of John- 
ston, Martin of Martin, Moore of Wilson, Morris, Moseley, Mc- 
Donald, McGlamery, Ramsay, Ransdell, Royster, Smith, Snow, 
Snyder (R), Spruill, Stone, Story (R), Taylor of Buncombe, Tay- 
lor of Wayne, Umstead, Underwood, Whitfield, Winslow. 



336 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Higher Education 

Mr. Worthington, Chairman, Messrs: Allen, Barker of Durham, 
Blackwell, Bost, Chambers (R), Edwards of Durham, Edwards 
of Greene, Elmore, Fields (R), Grier, Hancock, Harris of Person, 
Hunter, Johnstone, Memory, Moseley, Palmer, Quillin, Royster, 
Shuford, Snyder (R), Story (R), Taylor of Buncombe, Umstead, 
Uzzell, Wallace of Lenoir, West (R), Whitfield. 

Committee on Mental Institutions 

Mr. Spruill of Bertie, Chairman, Mr. Stoney, Vice-Chairman, 
Messrs: Blackwell, Blalock, Blevins, Boswood, Branch, Buie, Bur- 
gin, Burleson (R), Bynum, Clifton (R), Ervin, Fisher, Gass, Gil- 
lespie, Greene, Halstead, Harris of Pamlico, Hatch, Hathaway, 
Hocutt, Houser, Hutchins (R), Hutton, Kilpatrick, Memory, 
Moore of Scotland, Morris, McGlamery, Sims, Stone, Umstead, 
Vander Linden, Vogler, Wallace of Lenoir, Wallace of Montgom- 
ery, Williamson. 

Committee on Institutions for the Deaf 

Mr. Morris, Chairman, Messrs: Avant, Barker of Stanly (R), 
Blalock, Burleson (R), Bynum, Darden, Eggers (R), Ervin, 
Fields (R), Graham of Robeson, Grier, Hall (R), Hardison, 
Moore of Clay, Moseley, McClung, Outlaw, Palmer, Shallington 
(R), Spruill, Stoney, Vander Linden, West (R), Williamson. 

Committee on Insurance 

Mr. Bost, Chairman, Mr. Gibbs, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: Allen, 
Burleson (R), Clifton (R), Dellinger, Eggers (R), Greene, Han- 
cock, Harris of Northampton, Harris of Person, Hathaway, 
Hayes, Hester, Hocutt, Hutchins (R), Hutton, Jones, Matheson, 
Meekins, Moore of Scotland, Mull, Quillin, Seymour, Shuford, 
Sims, Smith, Stone, Stoney, Story (R), Taylor of Wayne, Um- 
stead, Worthington. 

Committee on the Journal 

Mr. Wallace of Montgomery, Chairman, Messrs: Barker of 
Stanly (R), Blalock, Blue, Buie, Burleson (R), Bynum, Crissman, 



House of Representatives 337 

Bellinger, Eggers (R), Hall (R), Hocutt, Houser, Martin of 
Martin, Morris, McClung, Rosser, Scott, Snow, Taylor of Stokes, 
Tompkins, Underwood, Williamson. 

Committee on Judiciary No. 1 

Mr. Taylor of Wayne, Chairman, Mr. Barker of Durham, V ice- 
Chairman, Messrs: Allen, Bell, Blackwell, Bost, Branch, Fountain, 
Halstead, Huskins, Kermon, Kerr, Martin of Johnston, Mull, 
Scott, Shreve, Shuford, Sims, Smith, Snow, Story (R), Taylor of 
Buncombe, Uzzell, Wallace of Lenoir. 

Committee on Judiciary No. 2 

Mr. Moseley, Chairman, Mr. Hatch, Vice-chairman, Messrs: 
Alexander, Bender, Chambers (R), Crissman, Bellinger, Edwards 
of Durham, Elmore, Fisher, Graham of Chowan, Hayes, Hester, 
Jones, Malone, Moore of Wilson, Quillin, Ramsay, Ransdell, Sey- 
mour, Snyder (R), Stoney, Wilson, Worthington. 

Committee on Manufactures and Labor 

Mr. Harris of Person, Chairman, Mr. Hutton, Vice-Chairman, 
Messrs: Baldwin, Bender, Bost, Branch, Buie, Burgin, Burleson 
(R), Darden, Edwards of Durham, Edwards of Greene, Hancock, 
Harris of Northampton, Hayes, Huskins, James, Jones, Kermon, 
Kerr, Moore of Scotland, Mull, McDonald, Palmer, Ransdell, Shu- 
ford, Stone, Taylor of Wayne, Tonissen, Uzzell, Vander Linden, 
Wallace of Lenoir. 

Committee on Military Affairs 

Mr. Fountain, Chairman, Mr. Taylor of Buncombe, Vice-Chair- 
man, Messrs: Blackwell, Blue, Bynum, Chambers (R), Clifton 
(R), Edwards of Durham, Elmore, Fisher, Gass, Gillespie, Greene, 
Hall (R), Hester, Hutton, Jones, Kermon, Kerr, Malone, Moore 
of Scotland, McDonald, Palmer, Rosser, Seymour, Sims, Stone, 
Tompkins, Vogler, Wallace of Montgomery, Wilson. 

Committee on Penal Institutions 

Mr. Hutton of Guilford, Chairman, Messrs: Avant, Baldwin, 



338 North Carolina Manual 

Blevins, Blue, Branch, Bynum, Darden, Edwards of Greene, Ervin, 
Fountain, Gass, Gillespie, Graham of Robeson, Greene, Griei, 
Gunn, Harris of Person, Hathaway, Malone, Martin of Martin, 
Memory, Moore of Wilson, Morris, McDonald, Ransdell, Royster, 
Shore (R), Smith, Snyder (R), Spruill, Stone, Taylor of Stokes, 
Wallace of Montgomery. 

Committee on Pensions 

Mr. Crissman, CJiairman, Messrs: Alexander, Barker of Dur- 
ham, Buie, Bynum, Edwards of Greene, Fields (R), Gass, Gil- 
lespie, Graham of Chowan, Grier, Hall (R), Harris of North- 
ampton, Houser, Hunter, Huskins, Johnstone, Kermon, Kerr, Kil- 
patrick, Matheson, Meekins, Morris, McClung, Outlaw, Ramsay, 
Seymour, Shreve, Spruill, Taylor of Wayne, Umstead, Vander 
Linden, West (R), Wilson. 

Committee on Propositions and Grievances 

Mr. Barker of Durham, Chairman, Mr. Tonissen, Vice-Chair- 
man, Messrs: Allen, Bost, Branch, Burgin, Edwards of Greene, 
Fisher, Fountain, Gibbs, Hardison, James, Kermon, Moore of 
Wilson, Ramsay, Royster, Scott, Shore (R), Shreve, Shuford, 
Sims, Smith, Spruill, Taylor of Wayne, Uzzell, Wallace of Lenoir, 
Whitfield, Winslow. 

Committee on Public Utilities 

Mr. Stone, Chairman, Mr. Vogler, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: 
Allen, Baldwin, Barker of Durham, Barker of Stanly (R), Bla- 
lock, Bost, Chambers (R), Crissman, Edwards of Greene, Gra- 
ham of Chowan, Hancock, Harris of Pamlico, Harris of Person, 
Hathaway, Hester, James, Jones, Kerr, Kilpatrick, Martin of 
Johnston, Matheson, Mull, McGlamery, Rosser, Shuford, Smith, 
Snow, Stoney, Taylor of Wayne, Uzzell, Vander Linden, Wallace 
of Lenoir, Wallace of Montgomery, Whitfield, Wilson. 

Committee on Public Welfare 

Mr. Moore of Wilson, Chairman, Mr. Wallace of Montgomery, 
Vice-Chairman, Messrs: Baldwin, Barker of Durham, Blackwell, 



House of Representatives 339 

Blue, Chambers (R), Darden, Ervin, Fields (R), Gass, Gillespie, 
Grier, Gunn, Gwaitney, Harris of Northampton, Harris of Per- 
son, Hayes, Hocutt, Hutchins (R), Hutton, Johnstone, Kerr, 
Meekins, Memory, Moore of Clay, Moore of Scotland, Mull, Rans- 
dell, Sims, Stone, Taylor of Stokes, Tompkins, Vogler, Wallace of 
Lenoir, Whitfield, Williamson. 

Committee on Roads 

Mr. Royster, Chairman, Mr. Bost, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: 
Avant, Blevins, Branch, Bynum, Edwards of Durham, Eggers 
(R), Fisher, Gass, Gibbs, Graham of Robeson, Greene, Gunn, 
Gwaitney, Hatch, Hathaway, Hester, Hocutt, Huskins, Hutton, 
James, Johnstone, Jones, Kilpatrick, Moore of Wilson, Morris, 
Mull, Outlaw, Overby, Palmer, Ramsay, Ransdell, Rosser, Shu- 
ford, Spruill, Stone, Taylor of Stokes, Vander Linden, Wallace of 
Lenoir, Wallace of Montgomery, Whitfield, Williamson, Winslow. 

Committee on Rules 

Mr. Gass, Chairman, Messrs: Allen, Bost, Branch, Burgin, Ed- 
wards of Durham, Edwards of Greene, Fountain, Gibbs, Graham 
of Chowan, Gwaitney, Halstead, Harris of Person, James, Ker- 
mon, Kerr, Kilpatrick, Moore of Wilson, Moseley, McDonald, 
Royster, Scott, Shuford, Sims, Smith, Spruill, Taylor of Wayne, 
Umstead, Uzzell, Vander Linden, Wallace of Lenoir, Winslow. 

Committee on Salaries and Fees 

Mr. Mull, Chairman, Mr. Shreve, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: Blev- 
ins, Boswood, Bynum, Chambers (R), Fields (R), Gillespie, Gra- 
ham of Robeson, Greene, Gunn, Harris of Northampton, Harris 
of Pamlico, Hathaway, Hester, Matheson, Moore of Clay, Moore 
of Scotland, Morris, McClung, Overby, Palmer, Shore (R), Stone, 
Stoney, Taylor of Stokes, Wallace of Montgomery. 

Committee on Senatorial Districts 

Mr. Palmer, Chairman, Mr. Houser, V ice-Chairman, Messrs: 
Baldwin, Barker of Durham, Bell, Bender, Blevins, Branch, Criss- 
man, Dellinger, Graham of Robeson, Gunn, Harris of Northamp- 



340 North Carolina Manual 

ton, Hatch, Hayes, Hester, Huskins, Hutchins (R), Johnstone, 
Malone, Martin of Johnston, Mull, McGlamery, Outlaw, Overby, 
Shore (R), Shuford, Smith, Snow, Tonissen, Umstead, Under- 
wood, Uzzell, Wilson, Worthington. 

Committee on Unemployment Compensation 

Mr. Uzzell, Chairman, Mr. Kermon, Vice-Chairman, Messrs: 
Avant, Barker of Durham, Barker of Stanly (R), Bender, Bost, 
Burgin, Clifton (R), Edwards of Durham, Edwards of Greene, 
Fountain, Gibbs, Harris of Person, Hester, Hutton, Kerr, Malone, 
Matheson, Meekins, Moore of Clay, McDonald, Palmer, Ransdell, 
Royster, Shuford, Smith, Stone, Taylor of Wayne, Tompkins, 
Tonissen, Vogler, Worthington. 

Committee on Veterans Legislation 

Mr. Sims, Chairman, Mr. Vander Linden, Vice-Chairman, 
Messrs: Alexander, Allen, Barker of Stanly (R), Bell, Blalock, 
Branch, Burgin, Gibbs, Graham of Chowan, Graham of Robe- 
son, Gwaltney, Hancock, Hathaway, Hayes, Hocutt, Houser, 
Huskins, Malone, Martin of Martin, Moore of Clay, Moseley, Mc- 
Clung, Royster, Scott, Shallington (R), Shreve, Snow, Stoney, 
Wallace of Lenoir, Whitfield, Williamson, Worthington. 

Committee on Enrolled Bills 

Mr. Hester, Chairman, Messrs: Bell, Buie, Bynum, Clifton (R), 
Darden, Dellinger, Ervin, Hutchins (R), Tonissen, Williamson. 

Committee on Justices of the Peace 

Mr. Graham of Robeson, Chairman, Messrs: Alexander, Bald- 
win, Barker of Durham, Bender, Boswood, Burgin, Dellinger, 
Greene, Hall (R), Hayes, Hester, Houser, Martin of Martin, 
Meekins, Moore of Clay, McClung, Outlaw, Overby, Quillin, Rans- 
dell, Scott, Shreve, Snow, Snyder (R), Taylor of Stokes, West 
(R), Wilson. 

Committee on Library 

Mr. Moore of Scotland, Chairman, Messrs: Avant, Barker of 
Stanly (R), Blue, Crissman, Edwards of Greene, Ervin, Fields 



House of Representatives 341 

(R), Gillespie, Gunn, Halsteaci, Hatch, Hocutt, Hunter, John- 
stone, Malone, Memory, Palmer, Quillin, Ransdell, Spruill, Stoney, 
Taylor of Buncombe, Vogler, Wallace of Montgomery. 

Committee on Printing 

Mr. Burgin, Chairman, Messrs: Blue, Boswood, Eggers (R), 
Ervin, Hall (R), Hardison, Malone, Moore of Scotland, McDon- 
ald, McGlamery, Tompkins, Underwood, Vogler, West (R). 

Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds 

Mr. Blalock of Anson, Chairman, Messrs: Blevins, Chambers 
(R), Hutton, Morris, Palmer, Rosser, Royster, Spruill, Vander 
Linden. 

Committee on Trustees of University 

Mr. Umstead, Chairman, Messrs: Allen, Burleson (R), Clifton 
(R), Crissman, Edwards of Durham, Edwards of Greene, Elmore, 
Fountain, Gibbs, Graham of Chowan, Grier, Gwaltney, Hancock, 
Harris of Pamlico, Harris of Person, Huskins, James, Kerr, Mar- 
tin of Johnston, Moore of Wilson, Palmer, Ramsay, Seymour, 
Shallington (R), Shuford, Spruill, Stone, Story (R), Taylor of 
Wayne, Vogler, Wallace of Lenoir, Whitfield, Winslow. 




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House of Representatives 343 

Seat Assignment Chart — Session 1947 

NORTH CAROLINA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

County Name Address Seat 

Alamance J. Linwood Hall (R) Burlington 115 

Alexander M. L. Gwaltney Taylorsville 79 

Alleghany C. W. Ervin Sparta -... 73 

Anson U. B. Blalock Wadesboro .1. 24 

Ashe J. O. Blevins Lansing 74 

Avery W. R. Fields (R) Elk Park 108 

Beaufort LeRay Scott Washington _ 55 

Bertie C. Way land Spruill Windsor 7 

Bladen R. J. Hester, Jr Elizabethtown 44 

Brunswick Odell Williamson Shallotte 72 

Buncombe Henry C. Fisher Ashev'lle 40 

George A. Shuford Ashevil'e 41 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 39 

Burke A. B. Stoney ^organton 3 

Cabarrus Hugh Q. Alexander T-Tannanolis .... - 27 

E. T. Bost. Jr Concord 28 

Caldwell Max C. Wilson Lenoir 114 

Camden W. I. Halstead - South Mills 35 

Carteret H. S. Gibbs Moreberd City o 

Caswell Jno. O. Gunn Yancey ville 53 

Catawba Harry Vanderlinden - Hickory 65 

Chatham Landon C. Rosser Mt. Vernon Springs... 81 

Cherokee W. Bruce West CR) Andrews 110 

Chowan John W. Graham Edenton 56 

Clav H. M. Moore..' Havesville 95 

Cleveland O. M. Mull Shelbv 19 

Columbus Homer G. Av=nt Whiteville 99 

Craven Burl G. Hardison Ne'v B"?rn 83 

Cumberland T. C. Bynum Hone Mills 76 

G. S. Quillin Fayetteville 7." 

Currituck G. C. Boswood Gregory 47 

Dare Theo. S. Meekins Manteo 91 

Davidson J. Eugene Snyder ( R ) Lexington 1 1 7 

Davie Knox Johnstone Mocksville 15 

Duplin Lewis W. Outlaw Seven Springs 88 

Durham Oscar G. Barker Durham 4 

Dan K. Edwards Durham 60 

Edgecombe Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount 26 

Forsyth Winfield Blackwell Winston-Salem 70 

Rex Gass Winston-Salem 61 

James M. Hayes, Jr. Winston-Salem 71 

Franklin E. H. Malone _ Louisbure 86 

Gaston David P. Dellinger CherrvvTIle 33 

W. P. Grier Gastonia 34 

Gates Clarence P. Hathaway Sunbury 49 

Graham Ray McClung Robbinsville - 119 

Granville F. W. Hancock. Ill Oxford - - 64 

Greene Alonzo C. Edwards Hookerton 1 7 

Guilford Walter E. Crissman High Point 84 

Frank R. Hutton Greensboro 29 

Robert Moseley Greensboro 58 

Clyde A. Shreve Stokesdale 52 

Halifax Joseph Branch Enfield 33 

Harnett Allison L. Overby Angier 96 

Haywood Glenn C. Palmer Clyde 54 

Henderson L. L. Burgin Horse Shoe 112 

Hertford R. H. Underwood Murfreesboro 98 

Hoke Harry A. Greene Raeford „ - 94 

Hyde C. L. Bell Swan Quarter 68 

Iredell _ John F. Matheson Mooresville 62 



344 North Carolina Manual 



Jackson - Dan Tompkins Sylva _ 31 

Johnston Ronald hocutt Wendell BO 

Ci. A. Mariin _ _ Smithfield 8 

Jones - - R. P. Bender Polloeksville 61 

Lee Yv'oodrow W. Seymour _ Sanford 66 

Lenoir - F. E. Wallace Kinston 25 

Lincoln Chas. F. Houser _ Lincolnton ~ 85 

Macon Herbert A. McGlamery Franklin Ill 

Madison Dr. J. H. Hutchins (R) Marshall 102 

Martin Charles B. Martin _ Jamesville 50 

McDowell Wm. C. Chambers <_R) Marian - -..118 

Mecklenburg Harvev Morris Charlotte 22 

Frank K. Sims, Jr Charlotte 23 

Ed T. Tonissen Charlotte 21 

James B. Vogler Charlotte 6 

Mitchell Jeter C. Burleson (R) Bakersville 116 

Montgomery J. Paul Wallace _ Troy 48 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 67 

Nash Thomas J. Pearsall ™ Rocky Mount Speaker 

New Hanover _.R. M. Kermon Wilmington - - 9 

Northampton , H. R. Harris Seaboard 16 

Onslow C. Bruce Hunter -....Dixon 51 

Orange - -..John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 97 

Pamlico Ralph M. Harris Oriental 82 

Pasquotank - Vernon G. James Elizabeth City 77 

Pender J. V. Whitfield - Burlaw 2 

Perquimans E. Leigh Winslow Hertford 78 

Person R- L. Harris Roxboro _ 63 

Pitt . ...Frank M. Kilpatrick 4yden „_. 43 

Sam O. Worthington „ „ Greenville 42 

Polk - W. H. McDonald - Tryon 113 

Randolph J. I. Memory Randleman 32 

Richmond H T. Baldwin Rockingham 87 

Robeson J. P. Buie Red Springs 93 

I. P. Graham _ _...._Proctorville - 92 

Rockingham T. Clarence Stone Stoneville 20 

Rowan - Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 14 

George R. Uzzell Salisbury _ 13 

Rutherford Wood row W. Jones _ Piutherfordton 105 

Sampson Deems H. Clifton (R) Clinton 109 

Scotland O. L. Moore Laurinburg _ 18 

Stanly Raymond C. Barker (R) Albemarle ... _103 

Stokes ■ John Tavlor _ Danbury 57 

Surry George K. Snow Mount Airy 90 

Swain Bruce A. Elmore _ Brvson City _ 89 

Transvlvania Melvin L. Gillespie Brevard __ 106 

Tyrrell - T. W. Shallington (R) Columbia 107 

Union H. B. Smith _ * T nn-oe . 80 

Vance Fred S. Rovster Henderson 36 

Wake Arch T. Allen Ra'eigh 1 1 

William T. Hatch _ .Ralegh - 12 

N. F. Ransdell Varina 10 

Warren... John Kerr Jr w m-renton 1 

Washington John W. Darden _ Plymouth 46 

Watauga R. C. Eo-gers (R) Boone 101 

W^vne — W. Frank Tavlor Goldsboro 59 

Wilkes - T. E. Storv fR) Wilkesboro .„ 100 

Wilpon. ..._ _ Larrv I. Moore. Jr _. _ Wilson 37 

Yadkin -Henry (Ted) Shore (R) Jonesville -....104 

Yancey J. Frank Huskins Burnsville 45 



PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 










R. GREGG CHERRY 

Governor 



Biographical Sketches 

EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS 
ROBERT GREGG CHERRY 

GOVERNOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Robert Gregg Cherry, Democrat, was born in York County, S. C, 
October 17, 1891. Son of Chancellor LaFayette and Hattie E. 
(Davis) Cherry. Attended Gastonia Graded Schools 1900-1908; 
A.B., Duke University 1912; Duke University Law School 1913- 
1914. Lawyer. Member Gaston County Bar Association, North 
Carolina Bar Association, American Bar Association and Kiwanis 
Club. Mayor of Gastonia 1919-1923. Captain Co. "A," Machine 
Gun Battalion, 30th Division, April 26, 1917, to April 15, 1919; 
Major, 120th N. C. National Guard, 1920-1921. Member Gastonia 
Lodge No. 369, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; Knights 
Templar; Royal Arch Masons; Oasis Temple A. A. O.N. M.S. Shrine; 
Knights of Pythias, Knights of Khorassan; Improved Order of 
Red Men Jr.O.U.A.M.; I.O.O.F.; B.P.O. of Elks; Sons Confeder- 
ate Veterans; American Legion, State Commander 1928-1929. 
Member Board Trustees Duke University. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1931, 1933, 1935, and 1939; Speaker in 1937, 
State Senator 1941 and 1943; Vice President North Carolina Bar 
Association 1934-1935. Elected Governor November 7, 1944. Meth- 
odist; Member Board of Stewards. Married Miss Mildred Stafford 
1921. Address: Gastonia, N. C. 



[347] 



348 North Carolina Manual 

THAD EURE 

SECRETARY OF STATE 

(Elected by the People) 

Thad Eure, Democrat, of Hertford County, was torn November 
15, 1899, in Gates County, N. C. Son of Tazewell A. and Armecia 
(Langstun) Eure. Attended Gatesville High School, 1913-1917; 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1919; University Law School, 
1921-1922. Lawyer. Past member, North Carolina Bar Association; 
North Carolina State Bar, and Hertford County Bar Association. 
Mayor of Winton, 1923-1928. County attorney for Hertford Coun- 
ty, 1923-1931. Member of General Assembly of 1929, representing 
Hertford County. Principal Clerk of the House of Representatives, 
Sessions of 1931, 1933, 1935, and Extra Session, 1936. Presidential 
Elector First District of North Carolina, 1932. Escheats Agent, 
University of North Carolina, 1933-1936. Elected Secretary of 
State in the General Election of November 3, 1936, and assumed 
duties of the office December 21, 1936, by virtue of executive ap- 
pointment, ten days prior to the commencement of Constitutional 
term, on account of a vacancy that then occurred. Reelected Sec- 
retary of State in General Elections of 1940 and 1944. President, 
Ahoskie Kiwanis Club, 1927. Theta Chi Fraternity. Junior Order, 
B.P.O. Elks; President, N. C. Elks Association, 1946; T.P.A.; 
Member Board of Trustees, Elon College; President Elon College 
Foundation; American Legion, Forty and Eight; President, Na- 
tional Association of Secretaries of State, 1942. Congregational 
Christian Church. Married Miss Minta Banks of Winton, N. C, 
November 15, 1924. Of this union there are two chidlren, a daugh- 
ter and a son, Armecia and Thad Eure, Jr. Legal residence, Hert- 
ford County, N. C. Official address: State Capitol, Raleigh. 

HENRY LEE BRIDGES 

STATE AUDITOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Henry Lee Bridges, Democrat, was born in Franklin County, 
N. C, June 10, 1907. Son of John Joseph and Ida Loraine (Car- 
roll) Bridges. Attended Wakelon High School, 1914-1920; Wiley 



Biographical Sketches 349 

School, Raleigh, 1921; Wakelon High School, 1922; Millbrook 
School, 1923-1925; Mars Hill Junior College, A.B. Degree, 1929; 
Wake Forest College, B.A. Degree, 1931; Wake Forest Law 
School, 1932-1933. Attorney-at-Law. Member of the Greensboro 
Bar Association; N. C. State Bar. Deputy Clerk, Superior Court 
of Guilford County, August, 1935-September, 1940; December, 
1941-October, 1942; December, 1945-June 1, 1946. (Break in dates 
caused by Military Service). Secretary and Treasurer, Guilford 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1933-1940. Member and 
Past Master of Greensboro Lodge No. 76 Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. Enlisted in National Guard May, 1934 as a Pri- 
vate; promoted to Sgt. February, 1935; commissioned Second 
Lieutenant, June 18, 1935; commissioned First Lieutenant, No- 
vember 18, 1939; promoted to Captain, January 28, 1943; to 
Major on inactive status, January 17, 1947. Entered Federal Serv- 
ice, September 16, 1940; released from active duty November 2, 
1941; recalled to active duty October 7, 1942; relieved from active 
duty December 14, 1945. Married Miss Clarice Hines, December 
12, 1936. Two children: Joseph Henry, age four years; George 
Hines, age ten months. Home address: 2409 Wright Street, Greens- 
boro, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



CHARLES MARION JOHNSON 

STATE TREASURER 

(Elected by the People) 

Charles Marion Johnson, Democrat of Pender County, was born 
April 9, 1891, at Burgaw, North Carolina, son of M. H. and Min- 
nie (Norris) Johnson. Attended Burgaw High School, Buies 
Creek Academy, Bingham Military School. Field Auditor State 
Auditor's Office one year. Deputy State Auditor three years. Ex- 
ecutive Secretary County Government Advisory Commission four 
years. Director of Local Government from March 4, 1931, to No- 
vember 17, 1932, when appointed State Treasurer by Governor 
Gardner. Elected November 2, 1934, for unexpired term ending 
December 31, 1936. Reelected for full terms November 3, 1936, No- 
vember 5, 1940 and November 7, 1944. In March 1933 made Ex- 
officio Director of Local Government by act of General Assembly. 



350 North Carolina Manual- 

Chairman of Banking Commission, Chairman Teachers' and State 
Employees' Retirement Commission, Chairman Local Government 
Commission, and member of State Board of Assessment, State 
Board of Education, Council of State, Veterans' Loan Board, 
Board of Public Buildings and Grounds, Law Enforcement Officers' 
Benefit Fund. Member and Treasurer of the Sinking Fund Com- 
mission. American Legion. Presbyterian Deacon and Treasurer. 
Married Miss Ruth Moore of Burgaw, North Carolina, March 8, 
1920. One child, Charles Marion Johnson, Jr. Address: Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 



CLYDE ATKINSON ERWIN 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

(Elected by the People) 

Clyde Atkinson Erwin, Democrat, was born in Atlanta, Georgia, 
February 8, 1897. Son of Sylvanus and Mamie (Putnam) Erwin. 
Attended grammar schools of Charlotte and Waco and graduated 
from Piedmont High School, Lawndale, N. C, 1914. Attended Uni- 
versity of North Carolina 1915-1916 and subsequent summer 
schools. Life member National Education Association ; member 
American Association of School Administrators; North Carolina 
Education Association President, 1932-1933; member National 
Committee on Rural Education; Regional Consultant National 
Committee on Emergency in Education. President Rutherfordton 
Kiwanis Club, 1932; honorary memter for life Rutherford County 
Club. Mason; all branches, including Shrine. Member Sigma Chi, 
Phi Kappa Phi, and Kappa Phi Kappa. Principal Gault School, 
Jonesville, S. C, 1916-1917; Waco High School, 1917-1919; Cliff- 
side Public Schools and Avondale Public Schools, 1919-1923. Su- 
perintendent Rutherford County Schools, 1925-1934. Appointed 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction by Governor J. C. B. 
Ehringhaus, October 24, 1934, succeeding the late Dr. A. T. Allen. 
Elected for a full term November 3, 1936. Re-elected in 1940, 
1944. Chairman Board of Trustees of East Carolina Teachers Col- 
lege; member Board of Trustees of Greater University, North 
Carolina College at Durham, Agricultural and Technical College, 
and Elizabeth City State Teachers College. Awarded Pd.D. hon- 



Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 



Henry L. Bridges 
State Auditor 



Chas. M. Johnson 
State Treasurer 



Clyde A. Erwin 

Superintendent of Public 
Instruction 



Harry McMullan 

Attorney General 



Wm. Kerr Scott 

Commissioner of Agriculture 



Forrest H. Shuford 

Commissioner of Labor 



Wm. P. Hodges 

Commissioner of Insurance 




State officials, who are elected by the people in addition to the Governor and Lieutenant 
Governor. The above officials constitute the Council of State with the exception of the 
Attorney General who is the legal adviser to the Executive Department. 



352 North Carolina Manual 

orary degree Catawta College, Salisbury, N. C, in May 1935. 
Member High School Textbook Committee 1927-1932; chairman 
Elementary Textbook Commission 1933-1934. President Southern 
Council Chief State School Officers 1944-1946; Member Executive 
Committee and Legislative Committee National Council of Chief 
State School Officers, 1944-1946; Consultant National Safety 
Council; Consultant Educational Policies Committee of the Na- 
tional Education Association; Consultant to Rural Editorial Serv- 
ice for State Education Associations. Methodist, Lay leader in 
Marion District; Superintendent Cliffside Sunday School; teacher 
Ladies' Class, Rutherford M.E. Church for ten years. At present 
teacher of College Sunday School Class, Edenton Street Methodist 
Church. Married Miss Evelyn Miller of Waco, N. C; two children, 
Frances Elizabeth and Clyde A., Jr. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



WILLIAM KERR SCOTT 

COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE 

(Elected by the People) 

William Kerr Scott, Democrat, was born at Haw River, N. C. 
Attended Hawfields Graded School, 1902-1908; Hawfields High 
School, 1909-1913; four-year honor student and athlete, N. C. 
State College; B.S. Degree in Agriculture, 1917. Farmer and 
dairyman. Member of American Jersey Cattle Club; President of 
State Jersey Cattle Club; presented cup by American Jersey Cattle 
Club in 1925 for outstanding work in promoting better quality 
of Jersey cows; organizer of world's largest Registered Jersey 
Calf Club while County Agent. President of State Dairymen's 
Association. Member of North Carolina Rural Electrification Au- 
thority. First in North Carolina to make a public address on need 
for rural electrification, Statesville, N. C. in 1930. Emergency 
Food Production Agent, 1917-1918; Alamance County Agricultural 
Agent, 1920-1930; Master of North Carolina State Grange, 1930- 
1933; organizer in Southeastern States of Farm Debt Adjustment 
Program in Farm Credit Administration, 1933-1936. Elected Com- 
missioner of Agriculture, 1936; re-elected November 5, 1940 and 
November 7, 1944. Received Progressive Farmer award, "The Man 



Biographical Sketches 353 

of the Year," as North Carolina's Agricultural Leader of 1937. 
Appointed as a member of the National Advisory Committee of 
Agricultural Research and Marketing in 1946. Veteran of World 
War I. Member of Walter B. Ellis Post. Deacon in the Hawfields 
Presbyterian Church, 1920-1932; Elder, 1933-1938. Married Miss 
Mary Elizabeth White, July 2, 1919. Address: Haw River, N. C. 



FORREST HERMAN SHUFORD 

COMMISSIONER OP LABOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Forrest Herman Shuford, Democrat, was born in Cleveland 
County, North Carolina, June 3, 1897. Son of J. M. and Ella 
(Copeland) Shuford. Attended Public Schools of Cleveland County 
and graduated from Piedmont High School, Lawndale, N. C. At- 
tended Berea College, Berea, Kentucky; Textile School of North 
Carolina State College, Raleigh, N. C. and Duke University, Dur- 
ham, N. C. Worked in textile mills in Harrisville, Rhode Island, 
and in Gastonia, N. C, 1921-1924. Principal of Ellenboro High 
School 1924-1925; Spindale School 1925-1926. Boys' Commissioner, 
City of High Point, High Point, N. C, 1925-1933. Appointed 
Chief Inspector in the Department of Labor in 1933 by Major 
A. L. Fletcher, Commissioner. Granted leave of absence from the 
Department of Labor to serve as N. R. A. Labor Compliance Of- 
ficer for North Carolina 1934-1935. Appointed Commissioner of 
Lator by Governor Clyde R. Hoey, September 12, 1938. Elected 
to the office of Commissioner of Labor in the General Election 
November 8, 1938. Re-elected November 5, 1940 and November 7, 
1944. Member Society of Safety Engineers; Textile Section of the 
National Safety Council. Served in the Navy during World War I. 
Member American Legion since its organization; Past Commander 
of Andrew Jackson Post No. 87 of American Legion, High Point, 
N. C; La Society Des 40 Hommes et 8 Chevau. President, North 
Carolina Conference for Social Service. President, International 
Association of Governmental Labor Officials. Appointed by Presi- 
dent Franklin I). Roosevelt in 1944 as Advisor to Governmental 
Delegates to the International Labor Organization Conference 



354 North Carolina Manual 

in Philadelphia. Methodist. Married Miss May Renfrow, June 8, 
1922. Two children: Forrest Herman Shuford, 2nd, and Harry 
Benjamin Shuford. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM PARKER HODGES 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 

(Elected by the People) 

William Parker Hodges, Democrat, was born in Williamston, 
Martin County, N. C, Octoter 19, 1906. Son of W. J. and Deborah 
(Parker) Hodges. Attended public schools of Williamston, 1924; 
Wake Forest College, LL.B., 1928. Member North Carolina State 
Bar and the Wake County Bar Association. Executive Secretary 
Commission on Revision of the Laws of North Carolina relating to 
Estates, 1936-1939. Kappa Alpha Order, Province Commander, 
1935-1936, Blue Goose; Rotary Club. Practiced law in Raleigh, 
1929-1936; appointed Chief Deputy Commissioner of Insurance, 
July, 1936; appointed Commissioner of Insurance by Governor 
Broughton, September 10, 1942, to fill the unexpired term of Hon. 
Dan C. Boney, deceased. Elected Commissioner of Insurance in 
the General Election, November 7, 1944, for a four year term. 
Executive Committee, National Ass'n. of Insurance Commissioners, 
1945-46 and 1946-47; member of Board, Law Enforcement Officers 
Benefit and Retirement Fund. Baptist. Married Miss Olga E. 
Dodds, August 6, 1935. Two children: William Parker, Jr., and 
Elizabeth. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

HARRY McMULLAN 

ATTORNEY GENERAL 

(Elected by the People) 

Harry McMullan, Democrat, was born at Hertford, N. C, July 
23, 1884. Son of Dr. J. H. and Lina (Tucker) McMullan. Attended 
Edenton Public Schools; LL.B., University of North Carolina 
1905; L.L.D. (Honorary), University of North Carolina, 1946. 
Lawyer. Member D.K.E. and Gimghoul fraternities. Senator from 
the Second Senatorial District in the General Assembly of 1929. 
Engaged in practice at Washington, N. C, 1907 to 1933; County 



Biographical Sketches 355 

Attorney for Beaufort County 1926 to 1933. Chairman North Caro- 
lina Industrial Commission. North Carolina Bar Association. 
American Bar Association. Appointed Attorney General by Gov- 
ernor Hoey April 30, 1938, to succeed Attorney General A. A. F. 
Seawell upon his appointment to the Supreme Court; elected for 
the unexpired term of A. A. F. Seawell, November 1938; elected 
for full four-year term, November 5, 1940; re-elected Nov. 7th, 
1944. Episcopalian. Married Miss Pattie M. Baugham of Wash- 
ington, N. C, Octoter 4, 1911. Four children. Address: Raleigh, 
N. C. 

WALTER FOSTER ANDERSON 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Walter Foster Anderson, Democrat, was born in Davie County, 
N. C, October 8, 1903. Son of James Garfield and Tobitha (Tut- 
terow) Anderson. Attended Center Grade School; Mocksville 
High; Rutherford College; Institute of Government; FBI National 
Academy. Served as member of the Winston-Salem Police Depart- 
ment, October 8, 1925-October 1, 1942; Chief of Police of the Win- 
ston-Salem Police Department, February 1, 1935 to October 1, 
1942; Chief of Police of the Charlotte, N. C. Police Department, 
October 1, 1942-April 1, 1946. President, FBI National Academy 
Associates; Fifth Vice-President, International Association Chiefs 
of Police; First Vice-President, North Carolina Police Executives 
Association. Mason. Methodist. Married Miss Mary Elizabeth 
Powell, April 3, 1926. Three children: Mary Louise Anderson; 
Nancy Janet Anderson; Doris Foster Anderson. Address: 1503 
Jarvis St., Raleigh, N. C. 

WILMER ZADOC BETTS 

DIRECTOR, DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Wilmer Zadoc Betts, Democrat, of Wake County, was born Oc- 
tober 17, 1896, in Hillsboro, Orange County, North Carolina. Son 
of Wilmer Conrad and Tessie (Ray) Betts. Attended Centennial 



356 North Carolina Manual 

Public School of the City of Raleigh, 1903-1910, and graduated 
from the Raleigh High School in 1914; North Carolina State Col- 
lege 1914-1918, B.S. in Civil Engineering. Deck Officer and Extra 
Observer, U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1918; Civil Engineer 
on construction of Camp Polk (Tank Camp) near Raleigh in 
1918-1919; Bridge Designer and Bridge Maintenance Engineer for 
North Carolina State Highway Commission 1919-1923; appointed 
1923 by Frank Page as Purchasing Agent of the North Carolina 
State Highway Commission and served until 1941; appointed 1941 
by Governor J. Melville Broughton as Director of the Division of 
Purchase and Contract; reappointed by Governor R. Gregg Cherry 
as Director of Purchase and Contract. Member Hiram Lodge No. 
40 Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of Raleigh; Wilmington 
Consistory, Valley of Wilmington, Orient of North Carolina, 
A.&A.S.R. of F., S.J., U.S.A.; Sudan Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. Shrine; 
Raleigh Shrine Club; Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity; Theta Tau 
Engineering Fraternity. North Carolina Society of Engineers; Past 
Secretary, Past President and member of the Carolina-Virginia 
Purchasing Agents Association; Past National Director and mem- 
ber of the National Association of Purchasing Agents; Treasurer 
and member of the National Institute of Governmental Purchasing, 
Inc.; member of The Association of School Business Officials; Past 
Secretary and member of the Lions Club of Raleigh. Director, 
North Carolina State College Foundation, Inc.; member of the 
Advisory Committee on Engineering School Expansion at North 
Carolina State College; member of the Executive Committee of 
the General Alumni Association of North Carolina State College; 
member of the Alumni Memorial Building Committee of North 
Carolina State College. Baptist; member of First Baptist Church 
of Raleigh. Married Elizabeth Moultrie Drake of Bennettsville, 
South Carolina, Decemter 27, 1922. Two children: a son, Wilmer 
Conrad Betts, and a daughter, Elizabeth Moultrie Betts. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 357 

CARRIE L. BROUGHTON 

STATE LIBRARIAN 
CHAIRMAN LIBRARY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Carrie L. Broughton, Democrat, was born in Wake County, 
Raleigh, N. C. Daughter of Needham B. and Caroline R. (Lougee) 
Broughton. Attended Raleigh Public Schools; Peace Junior Col- 
lege; North Carolina College for Women; Meredith College. Mem- 
ber American and North Carolina Library associations; North 
Carolina Literary and Historical Association. Appointed Assist- 
ant State Librarian in 1902 and State Librarian in 1919. Baptist; 
Member of Executive Committee State W.M.U. Leader of mis- 
sionary group in local church. Address: 125 Hawthorne Rd., 
Raleigh, N. C. 

CHRISTOPHER CRITTENDEN 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

(Appointed by the Executive Board of the Department) 

Christopher Crittenden, Democrat, was born in Wake Forest, 
N. C, December 1, 1902. Son of Charles Christopher and Ethel 
(Taylor) Crittenden. Attended Wake Forest Grammar and High 
Schools. A.B. Wake Forest College 1921 and A.M. in 1922; Yale 
University, Ph.D. 1930. Secretary State Department of Archives 
and History (formerly the State Historical Commission) since 
1935; Secretary State Literary and Historical Association since 
1935; Member American Historical and Southern Historical as- 
sociations; Society of American Archivists; President American 
Association for State and Local History 1940-1942. Member His- 
tory Club and Watauga Club of Raleigh. Principal Roxobel, N. C, 
Public School 1922-1923; Instructor in History, Yale University 
1924-1925; University of North Carolina 1926-1929; Assistant 
Professor of History, University of North Carolina 1930-1935. 
Author of North Carolina Newspapers before 1770; The Commerce 
of North Carolina 1763-1789; and various historical articles and 
book reviews. Editor The North Carolina Historical Review. Bap- 



358 North Carolina Manual 

tist. Married Miss Janet Quinlan of Waynesville, N. C, 1930. 
Three children: C, Jr., born 1933; Robert Hinton, born 1936; Ann 
Lane, born 1938. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

EDWARD HATHAWAY CROSS 

COMMISSIONER OP PAROLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Edward Hathaway Cross, Democrat, was born in Gatesville, 
N. C, February 15, 1909. Son of Edgar and Mary Joyce (Hath- 
away) Cross. Attended Gatesville Elementary and Hobbsville 
High School; Wake Forest College, 1929-1931; Wake Forest Law 
School, LL.B., 1934. Attorney at Law. Member of North Carolina 
State Bar Inc. ; American Prison Association ; American Parole 
Association, Vice President, 1942-1946; Vice President, South- 
eastern States Probation and Parole Association, 1940-1942; Pro- 
fessional Council National Probation Association, 1945-1946; 
Member of Advisory Council on Parole of the National Probation 
Association, 1946. Solicitor, Gates County Recorder's Court, 1933- 
1934. Parole Investigator, 1935-1937. Assistant Commissioner of 
Paroles, 1937-1940, 1941-1942. Private Secretary to Governor Clyde 
R. Hoey, 1940 (On Leave). Assistant Commissioner of Revenue, 
1942 (On leave from Parole Office). Representative from Gates 
County in the General Assembly of 1935. Member of North Caro- 
lina Probation Commission, 1942-1944. Commissioner of Paroles 
from 1942 to present time. Corporal in World War II, 1944-1945. 
Member of Gamma Eta Gamma (Legal) Fraternity; Chancellor, 
1933-1934. Member of the American Legion. Methodist. Teacher, 
Young Men's Bible Class, Zion Methodist Church, 1926-1929. Mar- 
ried Miss Mary Effie Martin, August, 1929. One son: Edward 
Hathaway Cross, Jr. Home address: Hobbsville, N. C. Official 
address: Raleigh, N. C. 

ROBERT BRUCE ETHERIDGE 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

(Appointed by the Governor) 
Robert Bruce Etheridge, Democrat, was born at Manteo, July 
31, 1878. Son of Van Buren and Matilda Etheridge. Attended pub- 
lic schools of Manteo and Atlantic Collegiate Institute, Elizabeth 



Biographical Sketches 359 

City; A.B. Trinity College (now Duke University) 1899. Cashier 
Bank of Manteo 1907-1933. General Insurance, Clerk Superior 
Court, Dare County; Superintendent of Schools; member State 
Executive Committee 1928-1941; Postmaster, Manteo 1914-1922; 
County Chairman Democratic Executive Committee. State Senator 
from Second District 1907. Representative in General Assembly 
1903, 1905, 1929, 1931, and 1933. Director Department of Con- 
servation and Development since 1933. Member New York World's 
Fair Commission. Chairman Ex-ofncio Cape Hatteras National 
Seashore Commission. Mason, Treasurer Masonic Lodge twelve 
years; Junior Order; Woodmen of America; Red Men; Kappa 
Sigma (college fraternity). Married Miss Elizabeth Webb, April 
22, 1908. Address: Manteo, N. C. 

EDWIN MAURICE GILL 

COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Edwin Maurice Gill, Democrat, was born in Laurinburg, N. C, 
July 20, 1899. Son of Thomas Jeffries and Mamie (North) Gill. 
Graduate of Laurinburg High School; Trinity College, 1922-1924. 
Representative in the General Assembly from Scotland County, 
1929 and 1931. Private Secretary, Governor Gardner, 1931-1933; 
Commissioner of Paroles, 1933-1942; appointed Commissioner of 
Revenue by Governor Broughton, July 1, 1942. Member North 
Carolina Probation Commission since 1937. Admitted to the Bar 
January 28, 1924 and practiced law in Laurinburg, 1924-1931 as 
a member of the firm of Gibson and Gill. Member North Carolina 
Bar Association. President American Parole Association, 1940- 
1941 ; President Southeastern States Probation and Parole As- 
sociation, 1939-1940; Vice President, The American Parole Asso- 
ciation, 1939-1940; Secretary-Treasurer, 1938-1939; Director 
American Prison Association, 1939-1940; Vice President, 1941- 
1942. Member of the American Legion. Sigma Nu Phi, legal fra- 
ternity, Omicron Delta Kappa, leadership fraternity, honorary 
member, Duke University, 1940. Methodist. Elected member of 
Executive Committee of the National Tax Association in Sept. 
1944 for three year term. Elected member of Executive Committee 
of National Association of Tax Administrators in 1946 for a two 
year term. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



:<;<> North Carolina Manual 

ALEXANDER HAWKINS GRAHAM 

CHAIRMAN STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Alexander Hawkins Graham, Democrat, was born in Hillsboro, 
August 9, 1890. Son of John W. and Maggie F. (Bailey) Graham. 
Educated in the Episcopal High School, Alexandria, Va., 1906- 
1908. A.B. University of North Carolina, 1912. Attended Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Summer Law School, 1912-1913, and 
Harvard Law School, 1913-1914. Lawyer. Member North Carolina 
Bar Association. Commissioned Second Lieutenant at Fort Ogle- 
thorpe in 1917; promoted to First Lieutenant and then to Cap- 
tain, serving overseas with the 81st Division. Member of the 
House of Representatives, 1921, 1923, 1925, and 1927; Speaker of 
the House of Representatives, 1929. Elected Lieutenant-Governor, 
November 8, 1932. Episcopalian. Married Miss Kathleen Long in 
August, 1917. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

HOWELL JOHN HATCHER 

COMMANDING OFFICER, STATE HIGHWAY PATROL 
DIRECTOR, HIGHWAY SAFETY DIVISION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Howell John Hatcher, Democrat, was born in Carroll County, 
Virginia. Son of Thomas D. and Cora C. (Ingram) Hatcher. At- 
tended Grammar and High School in Mount Airy, 1907-1918; 
Trinity College, Duke University, LL.B.; Duke Law School, 1924. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1935; State Senator 
from the twenty-eighth Senatorial District, 1939. Mason; Junior 
Order; Woodmen of World. In military service from September 
16, 1940 to November 22, 1945, having rank of Captain, Major, 
Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel; decorated twice by the United 
States, once by France, Belgium and Holland. Methodist, Steward 
since 1926. Married Miss Faith Adair, January 27, 1927. Two 
sons: Howell John, Jr., age fifteen and Franklin Adair, age eleven. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 36 1 

GURNEY POPE HOOD 

COMMISSIONER OF BANKS 

(Appointed by the Governor with Advice and 
Consent of the Senate) 

Gurney Pope Hood, Democrat, was born in Grantham's Town- 
ship, Wayne County, N. C, November 26, 1884. Son of Solomon 
Pope and Betsey (Rhodes) Hood. Attended Wayne County Public 
Schools 1890-1899; Goldsboro Graded School 1900-1901. Studied 
law under private teacher 1906-1908; licensed to practice 1908. 
Appointed Commissioner of Banks April 1931. Member National 
Association of Supervisors of State Banks; President 1938-1939; 
Chairman Executive Committee 1937-1938; Chairman District No. 
2, 1940-1943. President Hood Finance Corporation 1924-1929 ; Pres- 
ident, The Hood System, Inc., 1929-1931 ; Served as officer for va- 
rious banking institutions in North Carolina. Alderman, Golds- 
boro, 1911, 1913; Mayor, Morehead City, 1917-1919. Member House 
of Representatives from Wayne County in the General Assembly 
of 1929 and 1931. Corporal North Carolina National Guard 1906- 
1908. Mason; I.O.O.F.; Woodmen of the World; Past State Coun- 
cilor, Junior Order United American Mechanics, and State Coun- 
cil Treasurer; Member National Board of Trustees 1929-1941; 
Member National Board of Control since 1941. Methodist; Lay 
Leader 1919-1920; Member Commission on Budget, Annual Con- 
ference 1930-1940; Member Commission on World Service and Fi- 
nance, Annual Conference since 1940; elected President 1944; 
Delegate to General Conference 1938; Uniting Conference 1939; 
Jurisdictional Conference 1940-1944; General Conference, The 
Methodist Church 1940-1944. Married Miss Marion Lee Stevens, 
June 16, 1915. Children: Robin Pope, Samuel Stevens and Lee 
Rawlings Hood. Address: Goldsboro, N. C. 



362 North Carolina Manual 

FRED CALDWELL HUNTER 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONR 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 

Fred Caldwell Hunter, Democrat, was born in Mecklenburg 
County, N. C, April 14, 1884. Son of J. G. Mc. and Jane E. Hunter. 
Attended Bethany High School, Clover, S. C, 1904-1906; A.B. Uni- 
versity of North Carolina 1911; LL.B. Washington and Lee Uni- 
versity 1915. Judge Mecklenburg County Recorder's Court 1930- 
1938. Appointed Utilities Commissioner by Governor Broughton, 
April 1941. Presbyterian. Address: Raleigh, N. C. Permanent Ad- 
dress: Newell, N. C. 

ROBERT GRADY JOHNSON 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 

Robert Grady Johnson, Democrat, was born at Burgaw, N. C, 
May 5, 1895. Son of Joab F. and Myrtie (Grady) Johnson. Edu- 
cated at Burgaw High School; University of North Carolina and 
Wake Forest College. Private U. S. Army February 1918 to May 
1919. Mason. Lawyer. Member Board of Aldermen Burgaw 1922- 
1928; Chairman County Board of Elections; Member Democratic 
Executive Committee; Senator in the General Assembly of 1929; 
Representative from Pender County in 1931 and 1933; Speaker, 
House of Representatives 1935. Appointed Member State Highway 
Commission May 1937 and appointed Director of Prisons in Sep- 
tember of that year. Appointed Chairman Board of Alcoholic Bev- 
erage Control August 1941. Appointed Utilities Commissioner 
April 1942 and re-appointed for six-year term in April 1945. 
Married Mrs. Louise White Freeman, December, 1936. Three chil- 
dren: Louise Grady, age 8; Robert White, age 6; and Marion Lee, 
age 2. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 363 

BUREN JURNEY 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Buren Jurney, Democrat, was born at Olin, Iredell County, N. C, 
February 23, 1890. Son of Zack T. and Sarah Louise (Patterson) 
Jurney. Attended public schools of Iredell County and Mars Hill 
College from January 1908 until May 3, 1912; University of North 
Carolina 1912-1913; Wake Forest Law School 1914-1915. Lawyer. 
Member Industrial Commission since 1936. Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1923 and 1925. Methodist. Permanent Address: 
Statesville. Official Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

HENRY E. KENDALL 

CHAIRMAN EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Henry E. Kendall, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, August 
24, 1905. Son of Henry E. and Mary Whitelaw (Wiseman) Ken- 
dall. Attended Shelby Public Schools, 1912-1922; N. C. State Col- 
lege, 1922-1926, B. S. in C. E. Member Theta Tau Professional 
Engineering Fraternity; The Raleigh Engineers Club; North 
Carolina Society of Engineers; Lions Club of Raleigh; American 
Legion. Registered Engineer. From Jan. 1, 1937 through Septem- 
ber 1942, was in charge of "Operation of Plant" for State School 
Commission as it was at that time. Member Tau Beta Pi, Engi- 
neering Scholastic; Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. Mason. Commis- 
sioned 1st Lt. Engineers Corps, September 18, 1942; Promoted 
Captain April 19, 1943; Major, May 15, 1944; Lt. Col., January 
10, 1946; Served twenty months in E T O and eight months in 
Asiatic Pacific, a total of twenty-eight months overseas; Separated 
from service, August 7, 1946. Presbyterian. Address: 2814 Exeter 
Circle, Raleigh, N. C. 



364 North Carolina Manual 

WILLIAM PATTON KIMZEY 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

William Patton Kimzey, Democrat, was born in Henderson 
County, N. C., April 14, 1901. Son of William Rucker and Re- 
berta (Patton) Kimzey. Attended Brevard High School 1918; Da- 
vidson College, A.B., 1923; Cumberland University, Lebanon, 
Tenn., LL.B., 1926. Lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Association; 
President Transylvania County Bar Association 1936-1937; Presi- 
dent Eighteenth Judicial District Bar 1936-1937. President Bre- 
vard Kiwanis Club 1934. Attorney, Transylvania County Board 
of Education 1930-1939. Attorney for Transylvania County 1936- 
1939. Representative in the General Assembly 1937 and 1939. 
First Lieutenant Infantry Officers Reserve Corps, U. S. Army, 
1926-1942. Member Lambda Chi Alpha, social fraternity; Phi Pi, 
legal fraternity. Member of Dunn's Rock Lodge No. 267; A.F.& 
A.M.; Royal Arch Masons; Knights Templar; Oasis Temple, 
A. A. O.N. M.S. Appointed member of the Industrial Commission in 
1939. Head History Department, University Military School, Mo- 
bile, Alabama, 1923-1925. Liquidating agent all closed banks in 
Transylvania, Henderson, Polk and Rutherford Counties 1933- 
1936. Presbyterian. Married Miss Juanita Sprinkle, March 9, 
1929. One daughter, Patricia Ann Kimzey, born March 18, 1937. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

JOHN VAN BOKKELEN METTS 

THE ADJUTANT GENERAL 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

John Van Bokkelen Metts, Democrat, was born in Wilmington, 
N. C, December 17, 1876. Son of James Isaac and Cornelia Froth- 
ingham (Cowan) Metts. Attended Tileston School and Cape Fear 
Academy 1882-1893; Military School. Member Adjutant General 
and National Guard associations of the United States. Member 
Board of County Commissioners, New Hanover County. In com- 
mand 119th Infantry, 30th Division, World War 1917-1918, award- 



Biographical Sketches 365 

ed Distinguished Service Medal issued by the War Department for 
meritorious service. Brigadier General ; commanding General 60th 
Infantry Brigade, June 1, 1926-December 12, 1936. Appointed The 
Adjutant General North Carolina, June 15, 1920. Recommended by 
the Governor and appointed by the President, State Director of 
Selective Service effective September 17, 1940, and inducted into 
federal service October 15, 1940. Member Saint Johns Lodge No. 1, 
A.F. and A.M., Wilmington, N. C. Episcopalian. Married the late 
Miss Josephine S. Budd, of Petersburg, Virginia, November 1906. 
Two children: Josephine Budd Metts (Mrs. Spotswood Hathaway 
Huntt) and John Van B. Metts, Jr. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILEY MILLER PICKENS 

DIRECTOR, NORTH CAROLINA VETERANS COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Wiley Miller Pickens, Democrat, was born in Spring City, Ten- 
nessee, September 21, 1896. Son of Cornelius Miller and Emma 
Lucinda (Watts) Pickens. Attended Lenoir High School, 1909- 
1912; A.B. Degree, Duke University, 1916; A.M. Degree, Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1924; Columbia University, 1925. Super- 
intendent of Schools, Lincolnton, N. C, 1926-1940. Author of 
"History of Education in Rowan County, N. C". Member of the 
National Association of State Officers of Veterans Affairs; Amer- 
ican Legion, Past Department Commander; Reserve Officers As- 
sociation. Mason ; Past Master Fulton Lodge No. 99, Salisbury, 
N. C. Corporal in the U. S. Army, August 28, 1918-April 25, 1919; 
Colonel, September 16, 1940-December 24, 1945. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Miss Blanche Ingram, October 12, 1927. Two daughters: 
Celia Elizabeth Pickens and Mary Susan Pickens. Address: 2134 
Cowper Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

CARL VERNON REYNOLDS 

SECRETARY STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Board of Health with 
the approval of the Governor) 

Carl Vernon Reynolds, Democrat, was born in Asheville, N. C, 
June 13, 1872. Son of John Daniel and Theresa Elmire (Shepherd) 
Reynolds. Attended private school and Asheville Military Acad- 



;<;<; North Carolina Manual 

emy; Wofford College, Spartanburg, S. C, 1889-1891; M. I). Uni- 
versity of New York 1895; awarded Valentine Mott Gold Medal 
1894; postgraduate course Brompton Hospital, London. Secretary 
State Board of Health and State Health Officer since 1934. Mem- 
ber State Board of Health 1931, President 1933; Fellow American 
Medical Association 1940 and Member Public Health and Southern 
Medical associations; First Vice-President Southern Branch 
American Public Health Association 1939; member Pan American 
and Provincial Health Officers Association; President North Caro- 
lina Medical Society 1920. Fellow 1926; Secretary, Vice President, 
and in 1904, President of the Buncombe County Medical Society; 
member Executive Council Tri-State Medical Society 1911; and 
Vice President Tri-State Medical Society 1916; member Raleigh 
Academy of Medicine and National Association for Prevention of 
Tuberculosis; Altruistic Health Officer, City of Asheville; prac- 
ticed Medicine and was a member of the Medical Staff and 
Teacher in Mission, Biltmore and French Broad Hospitals in 
Asheville, N. C; member teaching staff School of Public Health, 
Chapel Hill, N. C. 1936. Vice Mayor Biltmore Forest. Kappa 
Alpha, Wofford College; Editor Health Bulletins City of Ashe- 
ville 1914-1923; author of articles for Medical Journals and So- 
cieties. Officer and Director Blue Pudge National Bank, American 
National Bank and National Bank of Commerce, Asheville, N. C. 
Chairman subcommittee Federal Relations Committee, State and 
Territorial Health Officers' Associations, for securing serologic 
tests among approximately 16,500,000 men who registered through- 
out the United States during 1940. Vice President States, Terri- 
torial and Provincial Health Authorities of North America 1941; 
chairman subcommittee on Public Health, Procurement and As- 
signment Service, Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services 
1941; Chairman of Committee on Public Health, War Manpower 
Commission 1942; elected President of the State, Territorial and 
Provincial Health Authorities of North America 1942; elected 
Vice President of the International Society of Medical Health 
Officers, at a meeting in St. Louis 1942; chairman of the North 
Carolina Committee on Nutrition; appointed to serve on the Na- 
tional Committee on Malaria Prevention Activities for the year 
1943, and reappointed for the years 1944 and 1945; member and 
Secretary of the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 1943, 



Biographical Sketches 367 

and re-elected Secretary of the North Carolina Hospitals Board 
of Control 1944; Member and Secretary of the North Carolina 
Hospital and Medical Care Commission 1944; Chairman Commit- 
tee on Federal-State Relations Allocation of Federal Funds, As- 
sociation of State and Territorial Health Officers 1945. Methodist. 
Married Miss Edith Holland Randolph, June 1, 1907. One child: 
Alyne Johnston Reynolds. Address: Raleigh, North Carolina. 

JOHN HARRIS SAMPLE 

DIRECTOR STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Probation Commission 
with the approval of the Governor) 
John Harris Sample, Democrat, was born in Hendersonville, 
N. C, March 17, 1899. Son of Augustus E. and Anna Elizabeth 
(Cannon) Sample. Attended Hendersonville graded school, 1906- 
1913; Blue Ridge School for Boys, 1913-1917; Davidson College, 
1917-1921, B.S. Degree; Law School, University of North Caro- 
lina, 1922-1924. Lawyer. Member of State and County Bar Associ- 
ations. N. C. State Board of Elections, 1933-1937; Attorney for 
Buncombe County Board of Financial Control, 1933-1937; Presi- 
dent, Probation Association of North Carolina, 1941-1943; Di- 
rector, Interstate Crime Commission, 1939-1941 ; Member Profes- 
sional Council, National Probation Association, 1939-1947. Phi 
Delta Phi (Legal Fraternity) ; Kappa Alpha Fraternity; Mason. 
Entered U. S. Army July 1918 serving until January 1919; Com- 
missioned Lieutenant in the Infantry, September, 1918. Member 
of American Legion; La Societe Des 40 Homines et 8 ehevauz; 
Military Order of the World Wars; Sons of Confederate Veterans; 
Civitan Club; Commander, Raleigh Post American Legion, 1945- 
1946. Presbyterian. Married Miss Daisy Rice Bartlett, 1930. One 
daughter: Mary Ellen Sample. Address: 507 N. Blount St., 
Raleigh, N. C. 

THOMAS BODDIE WARD 

COMMISSIONER OF MOTOR VEHICLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Thomas Boddie Ward, Democrat, was born in Nashville, N. C, 
January 13, 1890. Son of Willis and Rosa Lee (Ricks) Ward. At- 
tended Nashville Collegiate Institute, 1896-1902; private teacher, 



368 North Carolina Manual 

1903-1905; Rhodes Military Institute, fall, 1905; Trinity Park, fall 
190G. Privately tutored by the late Edward W. Pou, 1913-1917, 
while serving as his Secretary and as Clerk to the Committee on 
Rules, U. S. House of Representatives. Attended private business 
school, Washington, D. C, 191:]. Manager and owner Carolina 
Builders Supply Co., Wilson, N. C; owner and operator of several 
farms. President Wilson Chamber of Commerce, 1924. Member 
State Highway and Public Works Commission, 1937-1941; Com- 
missioner Department of Motor Vehicles since 1941. Elks Lodge, 
Wilson, N. C. Methodist. Married Miss Mary Lucile Rose, of 
Rocky Mount, N. C, November 5, 1918. Address: Wilson, N. C. 



CARL LEVERING WILLIAMSON 

CHAIRMAN BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Carl Levering Williamson, Democrat, was born in Raleigh, 
N. C, December 7, 1893. Son of Bailey Peyton and Ella S. (Mial) 
Williamson. Attended Warrenton High School; Virginia Military 
Institute and N. C. State College. Commissioner of Public Safety, 
City of Raleigh 1931-1933; Postmaster 1933-1942. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Miss Betty Robertson 1918. Children: Carl L., Jr., Bailey Pey- 
ton, John Clark, Milliard Mial and Benjamin Robert. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

THURSTON ADGER WILSON 

CHAIRMAN NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Thurston Adger Wilson, Democrat, was born in Lexington 
County, S. C, August 28, 1895. Son of George Mendenhall and 
Mary Jane (Bowers) Wilson. Attended Public Schools, Columbia, 
S. C. Appointed by Governor Gardner, May 1, 1929, to serve on 
the first State Industrial Commission; appointed Chairman, March 
1, 1939. Member, International Typographical Union since August 
5, 1913; American Standards Association; American Society 



Biographical Sketches 369 

Safety Engineers; North Carolina Society of Safety Engineers 
and its first president. Veteran of Safety. Vice President, South 
Carolina Federation of Labor, 1923; President of Raleigh Typo- 
graphical Union, 1934-1935; President, North Carolina Federa- 
tion of Labor, 1927-1930; Chairman Textile Section and Member 
Board of Directors, 1937-1938, and Member Executive Committee, 
1936-1938, of the National Safety Council. President, International 
Association of Industrial Accident Boards and Commissions, 1944- 
1945. Ex-officio, Commission on Revision of the Insurance Laws, 
1944-1946; Chairman, National Conference Committee on Work- 
men's Compensation, 1945-1946. Director, Community Chest of 
Raleigh, 1942-1944. Organized North Carolina Statewide Safety 
Conference, 1930, which was the first one in the South; organized 
the first State Textile Safety Contest, 1936, the only one in the 
United States. Served in World War, June 28, 1918-December 9, 
1918. Mason; Junior Order United American Mechanics; Ameri- 
can Legion; Forty and Eight. Lutheran. Married Miss Nancy Da- 
vis Ladshaw of Spartanburg, S. C, July 10, 1928. Three children: 
Mary Joanna, Thurston Adger, Jr., and Nancy Lu. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

STANLEY WINBORNE 

CHAIRMAN STATE UTILITIES COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor with approval of the Senate) 

Stanley Winborne, Democrat, was born at Murfreesboro, N. C, 
August 25, 1886. Son of B. B. and Nellie (Vaughan) Winborne. 
Attended public schools; Dr. E. E. Parham's School, Murfrees- 
boro; University of North Carolina 1907; Ph.B. Degree. Member 
of North Carolina Bar Association. Mason. Pi Kappa Alpha Fra- 
ternity; Order of the Gorgon's Head. Kiwanis Club. Mayor, Mur- 
freesboro 1909-1910; County Attorney 1911-1914; Representative 
from Hertford County 1915-1919; Senator from First District 
1921; Democratic nominee for Presidential Elector 1928. Appoint- 
ed member of the Corporation Commission in February 1930, by 
Governor Gardner; elected for unexpired term in November 1930; 
re-elected for regular term 1932. Appointed Utilities Commissioner 
by Governor Ehringhaus, effective January 1, 1934; elected for 



370 North Carolina Manual 

four-year term in November 1934; re-elected November 8, 1938; 
made Chairman of present N. C. Utilities Commission by General 
Assembly 1941. Methodist. Married Miss Frances Sharp Jernigan, 
April 17, 1912. Four sons, three daughters, four grandsons and 
three granddaughters. Address: Ealeigh, N. C. 



DR. ELLEN BLACK WINSTON 

COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

(Appointed by the State Board of Public Welfare. Subject to 
approval by the Governor.) 

Dr. Ellen Black Winston, Democrat, was born in Bryson City, 
N. C, August 15, 1903. Daughter of Stanley Warren and Mari- 
anna (Fischer) Black. Attended Bryson City Public Schools, 
1909-1920; Converse College, Spartanburg, S. C, A.B., 1924; 
Graduate work at N. C. State College and University of North 
Carolina; M.A. University of Chicago, 1928; Ph.D., 1930. Ap- 
pointed Commissioner of the State Board of Public Welfare, June 
1, 1944. Member American Sociological Society, American Public 
Welfare Association, National Conference of Social Work, North 
Carolina Conference for Social Service, North Carolina Mental 
Hygiene Society, American Association of University Women, 
Raleigh Business and Professional Women's Club, Raleigh Wom- 
an's Club, and North Carolina Archaeological Society. President 
State Legislative Council, 1943-1944; Legislative Chairman State 
Federation of Women's Clubs, 1943-1944. International Relations 
Chairman, N. C. Branch American Association of University 
Women, 1943-1946. Member various National Committees of 
American Sociological Society. Head, Department of Sociology 
and Economics, Meredith College, 1940-1944. Consultant Federal 
Works Project Administration, 1939-1943. Consultant National 
Resources Planning Board, 1940-1943. Consultant United States 
Office of Education, 1942-1944. Member Board of Directors, North 
Carolina Mental Hygiene Society, North Carolina Conference for 
Social Service, and Hospital for Treatment of Children Affected 
with Spastic Ailments. Chairman North Carolina Board of Eu- 
genics. Ex-officio member N. C. Medical Care Commission, State 



Biographical Sketches 371 

Recreation Commission, State Commission for the Blind, and State 
Board of Correction and Training-. Member of National Commis- 
sion on Children and Youth. Listed in "Biographical Directory 
of American Scholars", "Who's Who in American Education", 
"Who's Who in the Western Hemisphere", and "Who's Who in 
America." 

Co-author of Seven Lean Years; The Plantation South, 1934- 
1937; and Foundation of American Population Policy. Special 
technical editor National Economic and Social Planning Asso- 
ciation and for the Carnegie Corporation of New York. Presby- 
terian. Married Sanford Richard Winston, August 30, 1928. Ad- 
dress: Raleigh, N. C. 

NATHAN HUNTER YELTON 

SECRETARY, TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(Elected by Board of Trustees) 

Nathan Hunter Yelton, Democrat, was born in Bakersville, 
N. C, April 5, 1901. Son of David and Sarah Jane (Deyton) Yel- 
ton. Attended Berea Academy, Ky., 1916-1918; Friendsville High 
School, (Tenn.) 1921-1922; Yancey Collegiate Institute, Burns- 
ville, N. C, 1922-1923; Maryville College, Tenn., 1923-1924; Sum- 
mer Schools, University of Tennessee; B.S., Vanderbilt Univer- 
sity; George Peabody College, Nashville, Tenn., 1928; Graduate 
work at the University of North Carolina, 1930; Graduate work 
in School Administration, George Peabody, 1931. Member of Mu- 
nicipal Finance Officers Association, U. S. and Canada; Southern 
Conference on Teacher Retirement; National Council on Teacher 
Retirement. President High School Principals Association, West- 
ern District, N.C.E.A., 1931; President Western District, Super- 
intendent's Association, N.C.E.A., 1934. Superintendent Mitchell 
County Schools, 1931-1937; State Director Public Assistance, 1937- 
1941; Executive Secretary, State School Commission, 1941-1942; 
Controller State Board of Education, 1942-1943; Chairman Mitch- 
ell County Democratic Executive Committee, 1933-1937; Delegate 
to 1936 National Democratic Convention in Philadelphia; Mem- 
ber State Democratic Executive Committee, 1933-1943; Elected 



:7"J North Carolina Manual 

again in 1945 and at present a member of The State Democratic 
Executive Committee. Pvt., Student Army Training Corps, 1918; 
Captain U. S. Army, December 19, 1943 to October 7, 1945 with 
eighteen months overseas. Attached to British 11th Armored Di- 
vision for eight months; participated in the invasion of Normandy, 
Northern France and Rhineland Campaigns. Attached to 3rd 
Array with headquarters in Munich in charge of Military Gov- 
ernment Education program for Bavaria in the denazification of 
the German School System. Promoted to rank of Major and now 
holds this commission in the Officers Reserve Corps. Mason. Pres- 
byterian. Married Miss Cerena Sue Polk on April 16, 1922. One 
daughter, Natalie. Address: 615 North Blount Street, Raleigh, 
N. C. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS 
CLYDE R. HOEY 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Clyde R. Hoey, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, December 
11, 1877. Son of Captain S. A. and Mary Charlotte Catherine 
Hoey. Attended Shelby High School, but left school and began 
work October 1, 1890, in a printing office. Purchased a newspaper 
and began editing and publishing same, August 1, 1894, and con- 
tinued in that capacity until January 1, 1908. In the meantime 
studied law and, after reaching twenty-one, was licensed to prac- 
tice in 1899, continuing to practice along with the newspaper work 
until 1908, since then entire time has been given to the practice 
of law. Attended University of North Carolina Summer Law 
School, June-September, 1899. Lawyer. Member North Carolina 
Bar Association; the American Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar. Representative from Cleveland County in the General 
Assembly of 1899 and 1901; State Senator, 1903. Chairman, Cleve- 
land County Democratic Executive Committee, 1903-1909. Served 
on State Advisory Democratic Committee ten years. Assistant 
U. S. Attorney for Western District of North Carolina, July, 1913, 
to December, 1919. Member Congress, December, 1919, to March 
4, 1921. Served as Governor of North Carolina, January 7, 1937- 
January 9, 1941. LL.D., Davidson College, 1937; LL.D., University 
of North Carolina, 1938; LL.D., Duke University, 1938. Elected 
to the United States Senate in 1944 for a term of six years; 
member of Senate Committees on Agriculture, Interstate Com- 
merce, District of Columbia, Immigration. Mason; Junior Order; 
Red Men; Woodmen of the World; Knights of Pythias Odd Fel- 
lows. Methodist. Married Miss Bessie Gardner, March 22, 1900. 
Children: Clyde R. Hoey, Jr., Charles A. Hoey, and Isabel Y. 
Hoey. Home address: Shelby, N. C. 

WILLIAM BRADLEY UMSTEAD 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

William Bradley Umstead, Democrat, of Durham, North Caro- 
lina, born in Durham County, North Carolina, May 13, 1895, the 
son of John W. and Lulie Lunsford Umstead. Attended the County 



374 North Carolina Manual 

Public Schools and Durham High School. Was graduated from 
the University of North Carolina, A.B., 1916. Law School, Trinity 
College, now Duke University, 1919-1921. Served with American 
Expeditionary Forces, World War I. Prosecuting Attorney Dur- 
ham County Recorder's Court, 1922-1926. Solicitor, Tenth Judicial 
District, 1927-1933. Elected to Seventy-third, Seventy- fourth, and 
Seventy-fifth Congresses as Representative of the Sixth North 
Carolina Congressional District. Elected Chairman of the Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee in 1944. Trustee, University of North 
Carolina. Married Merle D. Davis of Rutherford County in 1929. 
Daughter, Merle Bradley Umstead. Appointed to United States 
Senate by Governor R. Gregg Cherry on December 17, 1946, for 
unexpired term of Senator Josiah W. Bailey. Methodist, Mason, 
member American Legion and V.F.W. Home Address: Durham, 
N. C. 



Senator William B. Umstead 



Bonner — First District 

Kerr — Second District 



Barden — Third District 

Cooley — Fourth District 



Folger — Fifth District 

Durham— Sixth District 




REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

HERBERT COVINGTON BONNER 

(First District — Counties, Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Curri- 
tuck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perqui- 
mans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Washington. Population, 239,040.) 

Herbert Covington Bonner, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C, May 10, 1891. Son of Macon Herbert and Hannah Selby 
(Hare) Bonner. Attended Public and Private Schools, Washington, 
N. C; Warrenton High School 1900-1909. Farmer. Sergeant Co. I, 
322nd Infantry, 81st Division World War. Attended Officers Train- 
ing School, Longres, France, after Armistice. Commander Beau- 
fort County Post 1922, and District Commander American Legion, 
N. C. Dept., 1940. Elected to Seventy-sixth Congress from the First 
Congressional District, November 1940, to succeed Lindsay C. War- 
ren, resigned. Re-elected to Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth and 
Seventy-ninth Congress. Episcopalian, Mason, Elk and Legion- 
naire. Married Mrs. Eva Hassell Hackney, August 2, 1924. Ad- 
dress: Washington, N. C. 

JOHN HOSEA KERR 

(Second District — Counties: Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Hali- 
fax, Lenoir, Northampton, Warren, and Wilson. Population, 293,- 
297.) 

John Hosea Kerr, Democrat, of Warrenton, was born at Yan- 
ceyville, N. C. Son of Captain John H. Kerr, of the Confederate 
Army, and Eliza Katheiine (Yancey) Kerr. Was a student in 
Bingham School, Orange County, N. C, just prior to its removal 
to the City of Asheville. Graduated with A.B. Degree from Wake 
Forest College in 1895. Studied law at Wake Forest under Dr. 
Needham Y. Gulley, LL.D., and was one of the first three law 
students to be admitted to the Bar from this institution, and the 
only one of these three to practice law in the State of North Caro- 
lina. Degree of Doctor of Law was bestowed by the Trustees of 
Wake Forest College. Elected Solicitor of what is now the Third 
Judicial District and served for eleven years. While Solicitor was 
elected Judge of the Superior Court of said District and served 
eight years. While serving on the Bench was nominated for Con- 
gress to succeed Hon. Claude Kitchin, deceased. Was elected to 
the 68th Congress of the United States at a Special Election held 



Biographical Sketches 377 

November 6, 1923, and re-elected to the 69th, 70th, 71st, 72nd, 73rd, 
74th, 75th, 76th, 77th, 78th and 79th Congress. Member of the 
Appropriations Committee and one of the ranking Democrats on 
the Sub-Committees of War, Justice, Commerce and State of this 
Committee. Member Democratic House Steering Committee. In 
1935, was appointed by the President as one of a Special Congres- 
sional Committee composed of three Senators and six Represent- 
atives to investigate the eligibility for admission of the Hawaiian 
Islands into the Union as a State. In 1941, was appointed by the 
Secretary of State as Chairman of the American Delegation to the 
International Congress of the Western Hemisphere held in Mexico 
City. Home address: Warrenton, N. C. 

GRAHAM A. BAR DEN 

(Third District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, 
Onslow, Pamiico, Pender,- Sampson, and Wayne. Population, 
251,370.) 

Graham, Arthur Barden, Democrat, was born in Sampson Coun- 
ty, N. C, September 25, 1896. Son of James Jefferson and Mary 
Robinson (James) Barden. Attended Burgaw High School; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, LL.B. Degree. Attorney-at-law. Mem- 
ber of Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Sigma Chi Fraternity. 
Member of Sudan Shrine; Doric Masonic Lodge; Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks; American Legion; Master of Doric 
Lodge 1928; Exalted Ruler of the Elks Lodge; Commander of 
the American Legion; Counsellor of the Junior Order. Served in 
the United States Navy during World War I. Judge of Craven 
County Court. Representative from Craven County to General 
Assembly 1933. Elected to the Seventy-fourth Congress, November 
6, 1934, the Seventy-fifth Congress, November 3, 1936; the Sev- 
enty-sixth Congress, November 8, 1938; the Seventy-seventh Con- 
gress, November 5, 1940; the Seventy-eighth Congress, November 
3, 1942, and to the Seventy-ninth Congress, November 7, 1944. 
Chairman Committee on Education. Member of Committees on 
Rivers and Harbors, Labor, Library, Expenditures In The Exec- 
utive Departments, Civil Service, and Census. Presbyterian; Dea- 
con of First Presbyterian Church, New Bern. Married Miss Agnes 
Foy; two children, Graham A., Jr., and Agnes F. Barden. Address: 
New Bern, N. C. 



378 N'orth Carolina Manual 

HAROLD D. COOLEY 

{Fourth District — Counties: Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, 
Nash, Randolph, Vance, and Wake. Population, 358,573.) 

Harold Dunbar Cooley, Democrat, of Nashville, N. C, son of the 
late R. A. P. Cooley and Hattie Davis Cooley; born July 26, 1897; 
attended the public schools of Nash County, the University of 
North Carolina, and the law school of Yale University; licensed 
to practice law in February, 1918; served in the Naval Aviation 
Flying Corps during- the World War; presidential elector in 1932; 
president, Nash County Bar Association, 1933; member of Junior 
Order United American Mechanics, Phi Delta Theta fraternity, 
and Phi Delta Phi national law fraternity; member of Baptist 
Church; married Miss Madeline Strickland in 1923, and is father 
of two children — a son, Roger A. P. Cooley, 2d, and a daughter, 
Hattie Davis Cooley. Elected to Seventy-third Congress, July 7, 
1934; re-elected to the Seventy- fourth Congress, November 6, 
1934, and to each succeeding Congress. Address: Nashville, N. C. 

JOHN HAMLIN FOLGER 

{Fifth District — Counties: Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, 
Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. Population, 323,217.) 

John Hamlin Folger, Democrat, was born in Rockford, Surry 
County, N. C, December 18, 1880. Son of Thomas Wilson and Ada 
Dillard (Robertson) Folger. Attended Yadkinville Normal School, 
1896-1898; Guilford College; University of North Carolina Law 
School 1901. Lawyer. Member Surry County, N. C. Bar, N. C. 
State Bar and American Bar Associations. Member Committee on 
Membership, N. C. Bar Association. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1927; State Senator, 1931. Mayor of Mount Airy for 
two terms. Member State Equalization Board and State School 
Commission 1928-1941. Chairman Exemption Board, 1918, World 
War I for Surry County. Mason, A.F.&A.M. Chapter, Command- 
ery, and Shrine; Councilor Junior Order, Mount Airy Lodge, No. 
73. Elected to the Seventy-seventh Congress at a special election 
June 14, 1941. Re-elected to the Seventy-eighth Congress, Novem- 
ber 3, 1942, 79th Congress, November 7, 1944 and to the 80th 
Congress, Nov. 5, 1946. Methodist. Trustee and Teacher Baracca 



Biographical Sketches 379 

Class for thirty-five years. Married Miss Maude Douglas, No- 
vember 4, 1899. Children: Fred, Nell Folger Glenn, Henry and 
Frances. Address: Mt. Airy, N. C. 

CARL T. DURHAM 

(Sixth District — Counties: Alamance, Durham, Guilford and 
Orange. Population, 314,659.) 

Carl Thomas Durham, Democrat, was born at White Cross, 
Bingham Township, Orange County, N. C, August 28, 1892. Son 
of Claude P. and Delia Ann (Lloyd) Durham. Attended White 
Cross Graded School 1898 to 1908; Mandale High School 1909, 
1910, 1911, and 1912; University of North Carolina School of 
Pharmacy 1916 and 1917. Pharmacist. Member N.C.P.A.; vice 
president N.C.P.A. Member Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen 1922 
to 1927; Chapel Hill School Board 1927 to 1938; Orange County 
Board of Commissioners 1933 to December 1, 1938. Elected to the 
76th Congress, 77th Congress, 78th Congress, and 79th Congress. 
Member Committee on Military Affairs. Married Miss Margaret 
Joe Whitsett, December 30, 1919. Five children: Celia, Mary Sue, 
Carl T., Jr., Margaret, and Eulalia Ann Durham. Address: Chapel 
Hill, N. C. 

J. BAYARD CLARK 

(Seventh District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, 
Cumberland, Harnett, New Hanover and Robeson. Population, 
318,298.) 

Jerome Bayard Clark, Democrat, of Fayetteville, born April 5, 
1882 at Elizabethtown. Son of John Washington and Catherine 
Amelia (Blue) Clark. Educated at Clarkton High School, David- 
son College and University of North Carolina. Lawyer. Represent- 
ative in General Assembly from Bladen County 1915. Presidential 
Elector Sixth District 1916. Member of State Judicial Conference 
1924-1928. Mason, Knights of Pythias and O. D. K. Presbyterian. 
Maried Miss Helen Purdie Robinson June 2, 1908; four children: 
Mrs. Julian B. HutafT, Lieutenant Jerome B. Clark, Jr., U.S.N., 
Lieutenant Heman R. Clark, U.S.A., Mrs. Geo. D. Jackson. Elected 
to Seventy-first and each succeeding Congress with opposition in 
his own party only twice, and returned to the Seventy-eighth Con- 



:sn North Carolixa Manual 

uicss without opposition from any source. Re-elected to 80th Con- 
gress. Fourth ranking Democrat on Rules Committee. Home ad- 
dress: Fayetteville, N. C. 

CHARLES BENNETT DEANE 

(Eighth District — Counties: Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, 
Montgomery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes, and 
Yadkin. Popualtion, 340,457.) 

Charles Bennett Deane, Democrat, of Rockingham, N. C, was 
born in Ansonville Township, Anson County, N. C, November 1, 
1898. Son of John Leaird and Florence Mae (Boyette) Deane. 
Attended Pee Dee Academy, Rockingham, N. C; Trinity Park 
School, Durham, N. C, 1918-1920; Graduated from Wake Forest 
Law School with LL.B. Degree, 1923. Owner of General Insurance 
Business; Administrative Lawyer. Member, Richmond County 
N. C. Bar Association; Licensed by North Carolina Supreme 
Court as an attorney, February 1923. Register of Deeds, Rich- 
mond County, N. C, 1926-1934; Compiler, United States Congres- 
sional Directory, 1933-1936. Attorney, Wage & Hour Division, 
Washington, 1939-1940. Mason; Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. For several years and at present, Trustee, Wake Forest 
College. Student, Army Training Corps, Trinity Park School, 
1918-1919. Baptist. Recording Secretary North Carolina Baptist 
State Convention, 1932-1947. Married Miss Agnes Walker Cree, 
October 15, 1927. Three children: Betty Cree Deane, 17; Agnes 
Carol Deane, 13; Charles B. Deane, 9. Address: Rockingham, N. C. 

ROBERT LEE DOUGHTON 

(Ninth District — Counties: Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabar- 
rus, Caldwell, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly, and Watauga. Population, 
310,225.) 

Robert L. Doughton, Democrat, Laurel Springs, was born at 
Laurel Springs, November 7, 1863. Educated in the public schools 
and at Laurel Springs and Sparta High Schools. Farmer and 
stock raiser. Appointed a member of the Board of Agriculture in 
1903. Elected to the State Senate from the Thirty-fifth District 
in 1908. Served as director of the State Prison from 1909 to 1911. 



Senator Clyde R. Hoey 



Clark — Seventh District 

Deane — Eighth District 



Doughton — Ninth District 
Jones — Tenth District 



Bulwinkle — Eleventh District 
Redden Twelfth District 




;mJ North Carolina Manual 

Elected to the Sixty-second, Sixty-third, Sixty-fourth, Sixty-fifth, 
Sixty-sixth, Sixty-seventh, Sixty-eighth, Sixty-ninth, Seventieth, 
Seventy-first, Seventy-second, Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, Sev- 
enty-fifth, Seventy-sixth, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Sev- 
enty-ninth and Eightieth Congresses by large majorities. Chair- 
man of the Committee on Ways and Means for 14 years at end 
of present term. Longer than any other man has held this posi- 
tion in the history of the Government. Address: Sparta, N. C. 



HAMILTON CHAMBERLAIN JONES 

{Tenth District — Counties: Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, 
Mecklenburg and Mitchell. Population, 295,822.) 

Hamilton Chamberlain Jones, Democrat, of Charlotte, N. C, 
was born in Charlotte, N. C. Son of Hamilton Chamberlain, Jr. 
and Sophia Convere (Myers) Jones. Attended Charlotte Gram- 
mar School; Central High School, Washington, D. C; Homers 
Military School, Oxford, N. C; A.B., Elective Law, University of 
North Carolina; M.A., Elective Law, Columbia University, New 
York City. Attorney at Law. Member of the American Bar Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina Bar Association; Chairman of Executive 
Committee, North Carolina Bar Association, 1936; President, 1940. 
Member of North Carolina State Bar; Mecklenburg Bar Associa- 
tion, President, 1932. Recorder of City of Charlotte; Juvenile 
Court Judge; United States District Attorney of Western District 
of North Carolina, 1919-1921. Chairman of Democratic Party of 
Mecklenburg County for fourteen years. State Senator, State of 
North Carolina. Presented portrait of former Chief Justice W. A. 
Hoke to Supreme Court of North Carolina with accompanying 
address which is filed in the office of the Clerk of the Supreme 
Court of North Carolina. Member and President, Charlotte Rotary 
Club; Vice Chairman, Charlotte Chamber of Commerce; Member 
of the Executives' Club; Member and Vice-Chairman of the Board 
of the Charlotte Memorial Hospital Authority; Chairman, Exec- 
utive Committee of Thompson Orphanage and Training School. 
Member of Blue Lodge Masonry; Thirty-second Degree Mason; 
Oasis Temple of Shrine: Charlotte Red Fez Club; Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks; Knights of Pythias; SAE Fraternity, 
University of North Carolina and Columbia University; member 



Biographical Sketches 383 

of the Gimghoul, University of North Carolina. Episcopalian; 
Senior Warden, Junior Warden, member of Vestry, Superintend- 
ent of Sunday School. Married Miss Bessie Smedes Erwin, Oc- 
tober 23, 1915. Three children: William Erwin Jones, age 27; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Jones Boehmer, 24; Miss Alice McAden Jones, 19. 
Address: 201 Cherokee Road, Charlotte, N. C. 

ALFRED LEE BULWINKLE 

(Eleventh District — Counties: Cleveland, Gaston, Madison, Mc- 
Dowell, Polk, Rutherford, and Yancey. Population, 265,757.) 

Alfred Lee Bulwinkle, Democrat, Gastonia, Gaston County, 
N. C, born April 21, 1883. Attended school at Dallas, N. C. 
Studied law under the late Oscar F. Mason of Gaston County, 
and at the University of North Carolina. Doctor of Civil Laws, 
Lenoir-Rhyne College, Hickory, N. C. Admitted to the Bar 1904. 
Lawyer. Prosecuting Attorney Municipal Court of City of Gas- 
tonia 1913-1916. Democratic Nominee for Senator from Gaston 
County for the General Assembly 1916; withdrew on account oi 
military service on the Mexican border 1917. Captain Company B, 
1st Inf. N.C.N. G. 1909-1917. Major, commanding Second Battalion, 
113th Field Artillery, 55th F. A. Brigade, 30th Division 1917- 
1919. Served in American Expeditionary Forces in France. Mar- 
ried Miss Bessie B. Lewis, Dallas, N. C; children: Mrs. E. 
Grainger (Frances McKean) Williams, Little Rock, Arkansas, 
and Alfred Lewis (Major, Inf. World War II), Lawyer, Gas- 
tonia. Lutheran. Member Executive Board United Lutheran 
Church of America. Member of various patriotic and fraternal 
organizations and bar associations. Elected from the Ninth Con- 
gressional District of North Carolina to 67th, 68th, 69th, and 70th 
Congresses. Elected from the Tenth District of N. C. to the 72nd 
to 77th Congresses, inclusive. Elected from the Eleventh District 
1942, to 79th Congress. Re-elected to the 80th Congress, 1946. 
United States Delegate to the International Civil Aviation Con- 
ference, Chicago, 1944. Member of Committee on Interstate and 
Foreign Commerce. Office in Washington: 1313 House Office 
Building, Address: Gastonia, N. C. 



384 North Carolina Manual 

MONROE MINOR REDDEN 

{Twelfth District — Counties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Gra- 
ham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain and Transyl- 
vania. Population, 260,908.) 

Monroe Minor Redden of Henderson County, was born in Hen- 
dersonville, N. C, September 24, 1901. Son of John L. and Julia 
(Trimble) Redden. Attended the public schools of the county; 
graduated from Fruitland Institute, 1919; Law School, Wake 
Forest College; admitted to the Bar, 1923. Attorney at Law. 
Chairman, Henderson County Democratic Committee, 1930-1946; 
Chairman, State Democratic Executive Committee of North Caro- 
lina, February, 1942-August, 1944; elected to Eightieth Congress, 
November 5, 1946, receiving largest total vote and largest majority 
of any congressional candidate in the State. Married Miss Mary 
Belle Boyd, 1923. Two sons: Monroe, Jr. and Robert M. Home 
address: Hendersonville, N. C. 



JUSTICES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA 
SUPREME COURT 

WALTER PARKER STACY 

CHIEF JUSTICE 

Walter Parker Stacy, Democrat, torn in Ansonville, N. C, De- 
cember 26, 1884; son of Rev. L. E. and Rosa (Johnson) Stacy; 
educated Weaverville (N. C.) College 1895-1898; Morven (N. C.) 
High School 1899-1902; University of North Carolina, A.B. 1908; 
attended Law School, same, 1908-1909, LL.D. (Hon.) 1923; mar- 
ried Maude DeGan Graff, of Lake Placid Club, N. Y., June 15, 
1929 (since deceased) ; practiced law in partnership with Graham 
Kenan 1910-1916. Represented New Hanover County in General 
Assembly of N. C. 1915; Judge Superior Court, 8th Judicial Dis- 
trict 1916-1920; elected, 1920, Associate Justice Supreme Court of 
North Carolina for full texrn; appointed by Governor A. W. Mc- 
Lean, March 16, 1925, to succeed Chief Justice Hoke (resigned) 
and in 1926, in 1934, and again in 1942, nominated without oppo- 
sition in primary and elected Chief Justice Supreme Court for 8- 
year terms; member American and North Carolina Bar associa- 
tions. General Alumni Association University of North Carolina 
(president 1925-1926) ; lecturer summers 1922-1925 inclusive, in 
Law School University of North Carolina, tendered deanship of 
same 1923; lecturer Northwestern University School of Law, sum- 
mer sessions 1926-1927; named by U. S. Board of Mediation, under 
Railway Labor Act, as neutral arbitrator to serve on Board of 
Arbitration (six members), and later elected chairman of board 
to settle wage controversy between the Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers and certain railroads in southeastern territory of 
United States 1927-1928; appointed by President Coolidge, 1928, 
member of Emergency Board of five, under Railway Labor Act, 
to investigate and report respecting a dispute between officers 
and members of the Order of Railway Conductors and Brother- 
hood of Railway Trainmen, and certain railroads located west 
of the Mississippi River; named by U. S. Board of Mediation, 
January 1931, to serve as neutral arbitrator in controversy be- 
tween Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and New York Central, 
the "Big Four" and P. and L. E. railroads, and again in Novem- 



Chief Justice Stacy 



Justice Schenck 
Justice Devin 



Justice Barnhill 

Justice Winborne 



Justice Seawell 

Justice Denny 




Biographical Sketches 387 

ber 1931 to serve as neutral arbitrator in controversy between 
Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, etc., and Railway 
Express Agency. Appointed by President Hoover 1932, member 
of Emergency Board of three, later elected chairman of Board, 
to investigate and report concerning a number of questions in 
difference between L. and A. and L. A. and T. railways and cer- 
tain of their employees. Chairman Commission appointed to re- 
draft Constitution of North Carolina 1931-1932. Appointed by 
President Roosevelt in 1933, in 1934 and again in 1938 to Emer- 
gency Boards under Railway Labor Act. Appointed by President 
Roosevelt 1934, Chairman National Steel and Textile Labor Re- 
lations boards; and again in 1941 as an Alternate Member of the 
National Defense Mediation Board; and in 1942 as an Associate 
Member of the National War Labor Board and also as a Member 
of the National Railway Labor Panel. Appointed by President 
Truman 1945, Chairman of the President's National Labor-Man- 
agement Conference. Methodist. Residence: Wilmington, N. C. 
Office: Raleigh, N. C. 

MICHAEL SCHENCK 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Michael Schenck, Democrat, was bom at Lincolnton, N. C, De- 
cember 11, 1876. Son of David and Sallie Wilfong (Ramseur) 
Schenck. Attended grade schools of Greensboro, N. C; Oak Ridge 
Institute; University of North Carolina 1893, 1894, 1895; Law 
School of University of North Carolina 1902-1903. Member of 
North Carolina Bar Association. Mayor of Hendersonville 1907- 
1909. Solicitor of the Eighteenth Judicial District 1913-1918; 
Major, Judge Advocate, United States Army 1918-1919. Judge of 
the Eighteenth Judicial District 1924-1934. Member Commission 
appointed to redraft Constitution of North Carolina 1931-1932. 
Appointed by Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus, May 23, 1934, Asso- 
ciate Justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina to fill out 
the unexpired term of Justice W. J. Adams, deceased; elected 
in November 1934, for full term of eight years. Re-elected Novem- 
ber 3, 1942. Member of Masons (A.F. and A.M.); American Le- 
gion; honorary degree LL.D. conferred by University of North 
Carolina, June 1936. Protestant Episcopal Church. Married Miss 



ss North Carolina Manual 

Rose Few 1909; three children: Michael, Jr., Rosemary Ramseur 
Schenck Vaughn, and Emily Floried. Home address: Henderson- 
ville, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM AUGUSTUS DEVIN 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

William Augustus Devin, Democrat, was born in Granville 
County, July 12, 1871. Son of Robert Ira and Mary (Transou) 
Devin. Attended Horner Military School 1883-1887; Wake For- 
est College; University of North Carolina Law School 1892-189:]. 
Member North Carolina Bar Association. Mayor Oxford 1903- 
1909. Representative in the General Assembly 1911 and 1913. 
Judge Superior Court 1913-1935; appointed Associate Justice Su- 
preme Court by Governor Ehringhaus, October 1935, succeeding 
Associate Justice W. J. Brogden; elected for eight-year term, 
November 3, 193(5, re-elected Nov. 7, 1944. Honorary degree LL.I>. 
conferred by the University of North Carolina. Member N. C. 
National Guard; Captain 1901-1907; member staff of Governor 
Craig with rank of Major. Mason. Baptist. Teacher Bible Class 
since 1915. Author of addresses on legal and historical subjects. 
Married Miss Virginia Bernard, November 29, 1899. One son, Wil- 
liam A. Devin, Jr., Washington, I). C. Home address: Oxford, 
N. C. Office: Raleigh, N. C. 

MAURICE VICTOR BARNHILL 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Maurice Victor Barnhill, Democrat, was born in Halifax Coun- 
ty, December 5, 1887. Son of Martin V. and Mary (Dawes) Barn- 
hill. Attended public schools of Halifax County; Enfield Graded 
School; Elm City Academy; University of North Carolina Law 
School 1907-09. Member North Carolina Bar Association. Prose- 
cuting Attorney, Nash County Court, April 1914; Judge Nash 
County Court, April 1922; former Chairman Nash County High- 
way Commission and Board of Trustees Rocky Mount Graded 
School District. Judge Superior Court, June 1924. Appointed by 
Governor Clyde R. Hoey, July 1, 1937, Associate Justice of the 
Supreme Court of North Carolina and elected for term of eight 



Biographical Sketches 389 

years November 8, 1938. Member Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; 
Mason and Shriner. Married Miss Nannie Rebecca Cooper, June 5, 
1912. Two children: M. V. Barnhill, Jr.; Rebecca Barnhill. Meth- 
odist. Address: Rocky Mount, N. C. 

JOHN WALLACE WINBORNE 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

John Wallace Winborne was torn in Chowan County, N. C, 
July 12, 1884. Son of Dr. Robert H. and Annie F. (Parker) Win- 
borne. Attended Horner Military School, Oxford, 1900-1902; A.B., 
University of North Carolina, 1906; LL.D., University of North 
Carolina, 1946. Married Charlie May Blanton, March 30, 1910 
who died November 4, 1940. Two children : daughter, Charlotte 
Blanton now Mrs. Charles M. Shafner, Burlington, N. C, and 
a son, John Wallace, Jr., of Atlanta, Ga. Taught Bingham Mili- 
tary School, Asheville, N. C, 1906-1907. Admitted to practice, 
North Carolina, 1906. Practiced, Marion, N. C, since 1907. Mem- 
ber firm of Pless and Winborne, 1907-1919; Pless, Winborne and 
Pless, 1919-1926; Pless, Winborne, Pless and Proctor, 1926-1927; 
Winborne and Praetor, 1928-1937. Member, Board of Aldermen, 
1913-1921. Attorney, Marion and McDowell County, 1918-1937. 
Member Local Selective Board during World War I. Chairman 
Democratic Executive Committee, McDowell County, 1910-1912; 
member State Democratic Executive Committee, 1916-1937; Chair- 
man, State Democratic Executive Committee, 1932-1937. Member 
Local Government Commission of North Carolina, 1931-1933. 
Delta Kappa Epslon; Mason; Executive Club of Raleigh; Hon- 
orary member of North Carolina Society of the Cincinnati; Mar- 
ion Kiwanis Club (president, 1932). Appointed by Governor Hoey 
Associate Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina, July 1, 1937; 
elected for a term of eight years in November, 1938; re-elected for 
a term of eight years in November, 1946. Home address: Marion, 
N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

AARON ASHLEY FLOWERS SEA WELL 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

A. A. F. Seawell, Democrat, of Lee County, was born near Jones- 
boro, Moore County, October 30, 1864. Son of A. A. F. and Jean- 



390 North Carolina Manual 

nette Anne (Buie) Seawell. Attended Jonesboro High School 
1877-1879; University of North Carolina, Ph.B.; Class of 1889, 
University Law School 1892. Honorary LL.D. University of North 
Carolina 1937. Lawyer. Order of Coif, U. N. C. member Phi 
Delta Phi Legal Fraternity. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1901, 1913, 1915 and 1931; State Senator 1907 and 
1925. Mason; Knights Templar; Shrine; Newcomen Society; 
Torch Club; History Club, (Raleigh). Appointed Assistant At- 
torney General, July 1, 1931. Appointed Attorney General by 
Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus, January 16, 1935, to succeed At- 
torney General Dennis G. Brummitt; elected to full term, November 
1936. Appointed Associate Justice Supreme Court by Governor 
Hoey, April 30, 1938, to succeed Associate Justice George W. 
Connor. Elected November 8, 1938, for unexpired term, ending 
January 1, 1945. Elected November 7, 1944, to full term. Pres- 
byterian; Ruling Elder since 1901. Married Miss Bertha Alma 
Smith, April 12, 1905; four sons and two daughters. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

EMERY BVRD DENNY 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Emery Byrd Denny, Democrat, was born in Pilot Mountain, 
Surry County, N. C, November 23, 1892. Son of Rev. Gabriel and 
Sarah Delphina (Stone) Denny. Attended public schools, Surry 
County, Gilliam's Academy, 1910-1914; Legal education University 
of North Carolina, 1916-1917 and 1919. Honorary Degree of LL.D. 
University of North Carolina, 1946. Admitted to practice law, 
1919. Member law firm of Denny and Gaston, 1919-1921, Mangum 
and Denny, 1921-1930, practiced alone, 1930-1942. Attorney for 
Gaston County, 1927-42; appointed Attorney for North Carolina 
Railroad by Governor Hoey, 1937; Mayor Gastonia, 1929-1937. 
President Gaston County Bar Association and member State and 
American Bar Associations. President Gastonia Chamber Com- 
merce, 1925; President Gaston County Public Library, 1935-1942; 
President Gastonia Civitan Club, 1922. Chairman Board of Elec- 
tions, Gaston County, 1924-1926; Chairman Gaston County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1926-1928; Chairman State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1940-1942; awarded Citizenship Cup, 
1935, for outstanding civic and community service in the City of 



Biographical Sketches 391 

Gastonia ; awarded Silver Beaver, 1942, in recognition of service 
rendered through Piedmont Council, Boy Scouts of America. En- 
listed as Private World War I, December 8, 1917, promoted to 
Corporal, Sergeant, First Sergeant, and Master Electrician. Served 
in aviation Section Signal Corps, Kelly Field, Texas, and Van- 
couver Barracks, Washington. Discharged February 22, 1919. 
Member Gaston Post No. 23, American Legion, Commander, 1926. 
Past Master Holland Memorial Lodge, No. 668, A.F. and A.M.; 
Past High Priest Gastonia Chapter No. 66, Royal Arch Masons 
and member Gastonia Commandery, No. 28, Knights Templar. 
Appointed Associate Justice Supreme Court North Carolina by 
Governor Broughton, January, 1942, to succeed the late Associate 
Justice Heriot Clarkson. Elected to fill out the unexpired term and 
for the full eight-year term, November 3, 1942. Baptist. Deacon. 
Teacher Men's Bible Class for eighteen years. Married Miss Bes- 
sie Brandt Brown. Salisbury, N. C, December 27, 1922. Children: 
Emery Byrd, Jr., Betty Brown, Sarah Catherine, and Jean Stone. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C, Home address: Gastonia, N. C. 



Members of the General Assembly 

SENATORS 
LYNTON YATES BALLENTINE 

LIUTENANT GOVERNOR AND PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE 

Lynton Yates Ballentine, Democrat, was born at Varina, Wake 
County, N. C, April 6, 1899. Son of James Erastus and Lillian 
(Yates) Ballentine. Attended Oakwood and Cardenas Elementary 
Schools and Holly Springs High School, 1913-1917. Graduated 
from Wake Forest College in 1921 with an A.B. Degree, having 
specialized in political economy. Dairyman, farmer, and business- 
man. Member Wake County Board of Commissioners, 1926-1934. 
State Senator from the Thirteenth Senatorial District 1937, 1939, 
1941, and 1943. Member Board of Agriculture, 1941-1944. Elected 
Lieutenant Governor November 7, 1944. Elected Chairman State 
Board of Education 194.",. A charter member of the Fuquay 
Springs Post of the American Legion. Baptist. Address: Varina, 
N. C. 

JULIAN RUSSELL ALLSBROOK 

{Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sen- 
ators.) 

Julian Russell Allsbrook, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Roanoke Rapids, N. C, Fetruary 
17, 1903. Son of William Clemens and Bennie Alice (Waller) 
Allsbrook. Graduated from Roanoke Rapids Public Schools in 
1920; attended University of North Carolina 1920-1924; President 
student body 1923-1924; permanent Vice President Class of 1924; 
University Law School. 1922-1924. Lawyer. Member Halifax Coun- 
ty Bar Association. Presidential Elector from Second Congres- 
sional District, 1936. Member Board of Trustees Roanoke Rapids 
School District; Board of City Commissioners of Roanoke Rapids 
for one term. Senator from the Fourth Senatorial District in the 
General Assembly of 193.5. Representative from Halifax County 
in the General Assembly of 1941. Democratic nominee to State 
Senate (1942) Primary— Resigned to enter U. S. Naval Reserve 
as Lieutenant (1942) and served until placed on Inactive Duty 
(1945). Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. College honors: Golden 
Fleece, Order of the Grail, Tau Kappa Alpha Debating Fraternity. 



Lynton Y. Ballentine 

Lieutenant Governor 
President of the Senate 



Allsbrook of Halifax 
Barber of Chatham 

Barnhardt of Cabarrus 



Bason of Caswell 

Blythe of Mecklenburg 
Brown of Watauga 



Chaff in of Harnett 

Clement of Transylvania 
Cole of Richmond 



Corey of Pitt 

Currie of Durham 
Currie of Moore 



Ferguson of Alexander 
Fountain of Kdgecc mbe 
Garriss of Montgomery 




394 North Carolina Manual 

Mason; Widow's Son Lodge No. 519. Woodman of the World. Bap- 
tist. Married Miss Fiances Virginia Brown of Garysburg, N. C, 
June 24, 1926. Children: Richard Brown, age seventeen, Mary 
Frances, age fifteen, and Alice Harris, age eight. Address: Roan- 
oke Rapids, N. C. 

WADE BARBER 

{Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

Wade Barber, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Wilkes County, April 20, 1893. Son 
of Wade and Maiy A. (Hayes) Barber. Attended Pittsboro High 
School; Guilford College, A.B., 1914; Law School, University of 
North Carolina. Lawyer. Representative in the General Assembly, 
1925 and 1945. State Senator, 1939 and 1943. Chatham County 
Prosecuting Attorney, 1928-1938. Chairman, Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, Chatham County, 1933-1938. Mason, thirty-second 
degree; Shrine. Presbyterian Elder. Married Miss Agnes Ferrebee, 
June, 1923. Three children: Betty Scott, Mary Hayes, Wade Bar- 
ber, Jr. Address: Pittsboro, N. C. 

LUTHER ERNEST BARNHARDT 

{Twenty -first District — Counties: Rowan and Cabarrus. Two 
Senators.) 

Luther Ernest Barnhardt, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
first Senatorial District, was born in Concord, N. C, November 
29, 1903. Son of George Thomas and Lillie Virginia (Faggart) 
Barnhardt. Graduated from Concord High School, May, 1921; 
LL.B. Wake Forest College, May, 1925. Lawyer. Member Cabarrus 
County Bar Association, President, 1942; Member State Bar 
and American Bar Association. Chairman Cabarrus County Board 
of Elections, 1933-1944. Pi Kappa Alpha (Wake Forest College) 
National Fraternity; C ha iter member Golden Bough: Secretary 
Student Body. Member Rotary International. Trustee Concord 
Community Center, 1940-1941; Trustee Public Library, 1943-1946. 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1945. Baptist. Superintendent 
Sunday School, 1932-1936; Teacher Business Men's Class, 1936- 
L939. 1'eacon, Secretary-Treasurer Mecklenburg-Cabarrus Bap- 



Biographical Sketches 395 

tist Association, 1925-1935. Married Miss Burvelle McFarland, 
June 3, 1930. Four children: Luther Ernest, Jr.; Phoebe Jean; 
John McFarland; Ann Drucilla Barnhardt. Address: Concord, 
N. C. 

SAMUEL MURPHY BASON 

(Fifteenth District — Counties: Caswell and Rockingham. One 
Senator.) 

Samuel Murphey Bason, Democrat, Senator from the Fifteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Swepsonville, N. C, December 
3, 1894. Son of William Henry and Flora Green (Murphey) Bason. 
Attended Burlington High School, 1915; Oak Ridge Military 
Academy, 1917; University of North Carolina. President, Bank 
of Yanceyville, Yanceyville, N. C. Owner, Caswell Insurance and 
Realty Company. President, Caswell Hardware and Implement 
Company. Appointed by Governor Clyde R. Hoey as Highway 
Commissioner, May, 1937, serving until May, 1941. Appointed by 
Governor J. Melville Broughton as Member of the North Carolina 
Gasoline and Oil Inspection Board, April, 1942, serving until De- 
cember, 1945. First President, Caswell County Chamber of Com- 
merce, 1926; Member Yanceyville Rotary Club, First President, 
1937. Member, Caswell Brotherhood Lodge #11, A.F, and A.M., 
Master, 1925, 1927 and 1933. Presbyterian. Chairman Board of 
Deacons, 1925-1945; Superintendent of Sunday School, 1935-1943. 
Volunteered for service in World War I in 1917; served twenty-two 
months, eleven of which were spent overseas; discharged with rank 
of Color Sergeant. Married Miss Martha E. Hatchett, October 18, 
1921. Three children: Carolyn Elizabeth Bason, William Hatch- 
ett Bason and Dorothy Helen Bason. Address: Yanceyville, N. C. 

JOSEPH LEE BLYTHE 

(Twentieth District — County: Mecklenburg. One Senator.) 
Joseph Lee Blythe, Democrat, Senator from the Twentieth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Huntersville, N. C, November 8, 
1890. Son of Richard Samuel and Virginia (Gamble) Blythe. At- 
tended Huntersville High School, 1897-1908. Master Engineer 
Sr. Gr. United States Army, May 26, 1917 to July 21, 1919. Vice- 
President Blythe Brothers Company; Vice President Charlotte 
Equipment Company; Secretary and Treasurer Concrete Supply 



396 North Carolina Manual 

Company; President First Federal Savings and Loan Association; 
President Piedmont Mop Company; Member of National Associa- 
tion of Manufacturers; Member Associated General Contractors 
of America, Memter United States Chamber of Commerce and the 
American Road Builders Association. Senator from the Twentieth 
District in the General Assembly of 1939, 1941, 1943, and 1945. 
State Director of Finance for Democratic National Committee 
1941-1945. Masonic Order; Shrine (Oasis Temple); Elks; Ameri- 
can Legion ; Member Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church ; 
Elder. Married Miss Cherrye High, September 14, 1921. Four 
children: Mrs. H R. Richardson; Joseph Lee, Jr.; Samuel Fitz- 
hugh; Jane Chamblee. Address: 2238 Pinewood Circle, Charlotte, 
North Carolina. 

WADE E. BROWN 

(Twenty-ninth District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe and Wa- 
tauga. One Senator.) 

Wade E. Brown, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-ninth 
Senatorial District, was born in Blowing Rock, N. C, Novembei 
5, 1907. Son of J. D. and Etta (Sudderth) Brown. Attended High 
School and Jr. College at Mars Hill College, 1924-1928; LL.B. De- 
gree, Wake Forest College, 1931. Lawyer. Member of the North 
Carolina Bar Association; President, 16th Judicial Bar, 1946-1947. 
Tiustee, Appalachian State Teachers College, 1941. Mason. Lieu- 
tenant, U. S. Naval Reserve, May 25, 1944-March 9, 1946. Com- 
mander, Watauga Post #130 American Legion; Charter member 
Mountaineer Post No. 7031 Veterans of Foreign Wars; Charter 
member, Boone Lions Club; President, 1934; Charter member, 
Boone Chamber of Commerce; President, 1935; Secretary 1936- 
1946; Charter member, Boone Merchants Association; Member of 
Watauga County Farm Bureau. Baptist; Deacon; Member Gen- 
eral Board, Baptist State Convention, 1939-1942. Married Miss 
Gilma Baity, June 1, 1935. Two children: Margaret Rose and Wade 
Edward, Jr. Address: Boone, N. C. 

LEOMDAS MARTIN CHAFFIN 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Leonidas Martin Chaffin, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth 



Biographical Sketches 397 

Senatorial District, was born at Jonesboro, N. C, January 3, 1892. 
Son of Rev. L. M. and Nora L. (Campbell) Chaffin. Educated in 
the public schools of Camden and Warren Counties; Central Acad- 
emy and Trinity College. Lawyer. Member and past president and 
secretary Harnett County Bar Association ; member Fourth Dis- 
trict Bar Association; member North Carolina State Bar; member 
Interstate Commerce Commission Practitioners. Member and past 
president Lillington Rotary Club. Past Master Lillington Lodge 
No. 302, A. F. & A. M.; 32nd degree Scottish Rite Mason and 
member Wilmington Consistory; member Sudan Temple, A. A. 
O. N. Mystic Shrine, at New Bern. Served in World War I, in 
Company B, 322nd Infantry, 81st Division; member and past 
commander Ameiican Legion Post No. 28. Clerk Superior Court 
and Judge Juvenile Court of Harnett County, 1922-1938. Mayor 
Town of Lillington, 1939-1943. Senator in the General Assembly 
of 1943. Delegate to National Democratic Convention at Chicago 
in 1940. Presidential Elector from Seventh Congressional District 
of North Carolina, 1944. Chairman Local Selective Service Ad- 
visory Board during World War II. Methodist. Married Miss Alda 
Johnson, December 26, 1916. Three children : a daughter, Helen E. 
(Mrs. W. H. Byrd) ; two sons, L. M. Ill, and Robert J., both of 
whom served in World War II, the former in the Army, and the 
latter in the Navy. Address: Lillington, N. C. 



VERNE PEARSON CLEMENT 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

Verne Pearson Clement, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty- 
second Senatorial District, was born in Orleanse, Vermont. Son of 
Frank D. and Blanche (Roseman) Clement. Attended Brevard 
High School, Brevard, N. C. Mayor, Town of Brevard, N. C, 1942 
to date. Mason, A. F. and A. M. Corporal, United States Army, 
January, 1918 to May, 1919. Committeeman, Boy Scouts of Amer- 
ica; District Council, Daniel Boone Council, B.S.A.; Camping 
Chairman, Transylvania District, Daniel Boone Council, B.S.A. 
Member and Director, Brevard Chamber of Commerce; Director 
Brevard Federal Building Loan Association; Manager and part 
owner of two theatres in Brevard for 25 years. Methodist. Married 



:>!ts North Carolina Manual 

Miss Elizabeth Love Harrison, 1931. One stepson: Robert L. Dunn. 
Address: :!49 South Broad Street, Brevard, N. C. 

JOHN WYATT COLE 

(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

John Wyatt Cole, Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Jesup, Georgia, August 15, 1885. Son 
of Alexander Troy and Carolyn Herndon (Covington) Cole. At 
tended Rockingham High School. Cotton Waste. In Officers' Train- 
ing School, Atlanta, Ga., from August 1, 1918, to November 11, 
1918. Senator in the General Assembly of 1943. Methodist. Wid- 
ower. No children. Address: Rockingham, N. C. 

ARTHUR BENJAMIN COREY 

(Fifth District— County: Pitt. One Senator.) 

Arthur Benjamin Corey, Democrat, Senator from the Fifth Sen- 
atorial District, was born at Winterville, N. C, Pitt County, De- 
cember 10, 1891. Son of James Henry and Sudie Delitha (Tucker) 
Corey. Attended Winterville High School, 1907-1910; University 
of North Carolina, 1915-1917. Lawyer. Member and Secretary, 
Pitt County Bar Association, 1924-1936; President, 1938; Member, 
North Carolina State Bar; American Bar Association. County 
Attorney for Pitt County. Member, Board of Trustees, East Caro- 
lina Teachers College. Battery "C" and Hq. Co. 113th Field Ar- 
tillery. Past Master Greenville Lodge, 284, A.F. and A.M.; Tar 
River Lodge, No. 93, Knights of Pythias; Withlacoochie Tribe, 
No. 35, Improved Order of Red Men; American Legion; Veterans 
Foreign Wars. Senator from the Fifth Senatorial District, 1933, 
1935, 1939 and 1945. Methodist. Teacher, Carson Wesley Bible 
Class. Married Miss Hazel Norman Kennedy, April 7, 1928. Ad- 
dress: Greenville, N. C. 

CLAUDE CURRIE 

(Fourteenth District — Counties: Durham, Granville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

Claude Currie, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth Sena- 



Gray of Forsyth 
Harmon of Ave ry 
Horton of Martin 



Jenkins of Bertie 
Johnson of Duplin 
Jones of Swain 



Jones of Surry 
Kesler of Rowan 

Lennon of New Hanover 



Lumpkin of Franklin 
McKinnon of Robeson 
McLaughlin of Iredell 



Medford of Haywood 
Midgett of Pasquotank 
Mintz of Brunswick 



Moss of Nash 

Neal of McDowell 
O'Berry of Wayne 




loo Nohtii Carolina Manual 

torial District, was born in Candor, Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 8, 1890. Son of John C. and Louise (McKinnon) Currie. 
Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1911-1914; University 
North Carolina, A. B. and LL.B., 1927. Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation. State Senator, Eighteenth Senatorial District, 1927 and 
1945. United States Army Air Corps, 1917-191!); Pursuit Observer, 
Sgt. Presbyterian. Address: Durham, N. C. 

WILBUR HOKE CURRIE 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Wilbur Hoke Currie, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Carthage, N. C, October 6, 1896. Son 
of John Lauchlin and Mary Belle (Mclver) Currie. Attended Car- 
thage Schools; High School, 1914; University of North Carolina, 
1915-1916. Manager J. L. Currie Co.; President and Treasurer 
Currie Mills; Commissioner, Town of Carthage, 1922-1926; Mayor, 
1920-1930; Chairman, Moore County Board of Commissioners, 
1930-1942. Joined Naval Reserves 1918, not called. Member Phi 
Kappa Phi; Mason, Shriner. Presbyterian. Elder; Sunday School 
Superintendent for twenty-two years. Senator from the Twelfth 
Senatorial District in the General Assembly of 1943; Representa- 
tive from Moore County in the General Assembly of 1945. Mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Woltz, 1926, deceased August 25th, 1943. Five 
children: Mary Elizabeth, Katherine Mclver, Ann Woltz, Ruth 
Pouglas and John Lauchlin. Married Mrs. Margaret Willcox, De- 
cember 28, 1945. Address: Carthage, N. C. 

SUE RAMSEY FERGUSON 

(Twenty-eighth District — Counties: Alexander, Burke and Cald- 
well. One Senator.) 

Sue Ramsey Ferguson (Mrs. R. S.), Democrat, Senator from 
the Twenty-eighth Senatorial District, was born in Mecklenburg 
County, N. C, June 19, 1897. Daughter of Rufus M. and Grace W. 
(Alexander) Johnston. Attended Gastonia City Schools, 1904-1914; 
Graduated from Woman's College of the University of North 
Carolina, 1918 with B.S. Degree; Graduate Dietitian, Philadelphia 
General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa., 1919; M.S., Columbia Univer- 









Biographical Sketches 401 

sity, New York City, N. Y., 1927. Homemaker and farmer. Mem- 
ber of American Home Economics Association; Taylorsville Wom- 
an's Club; Taylorsville Study Club; Readers Club, Taylorsville; 
Legislative Chairman, North Carolina Society D. A. R. ; Member 
of Brushy Mountain Fruit Growers Association; Farm Bureau 
Association. Member State Board of Education, Seventh District, 
1945; Member Board of Trustees of University of North Carolina, 
1941; Chairman of American Home Department of North Carolina 
Federation of Women's Clubs, 1939-1941; Past President of the 
Alumnae Association of the Woman's College of the University 
of North Carolina, 1939-1940. Organized the Alexander County 
Library in 1936, and served as president continuously since; Or- 
ganizer and sponsor of the Taylorsville Junior Woman's Club. 
Speaker for the Women's Division of the National Democratic 
Committee, 1946; Delegate to the State Convention, 1944-1946; 
Delegate to the 1944 National Democratic Convention; Secretary 
of the Democratic Women of Alexander County. During World 
War II served as Chairman of the Nutrition Division of the War 
Service Committee of the N. C. Federation of Women's Clubs; 
County Red Cross Nutrition Chairman; Red Cross Teacher of 
Nutrition ; Community Service Member of Alexander County War 
Price & Rationing Board. Member Eastern Star. Presbyterian. 
Married Raymond Stanley Ferguson, February 14, 1934. Two 
children: Laura Mariette Ferguson, age 6 years; James Rufus 
Ferguson, age 3 years. Address: "Liledoun", Taylorsville, N. C. 

LAWRENCE H. FOUNTAIN 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sen- 
ators.) 

Lawrence H. Fountain, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in the village of Leggett, N. C, 
Edgecombe County. Son of the late Lawrence H. and Sallif; 
(Barnes) Fountain. Attended Leggett High & Tarboro High 
Schools; University of North Carolina, AB degree, 1934; LL.B 
1936. Lawyer. Member of North Carolina State Bar; North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; American Bar Association. Member of Tar- 
boro Kiwanis Club, Past President, 1940. Reading Clerk in North 
Carolina State Senate; 1936 Special Session; 1937 Regular Session; 
extraordinary Session of 1938; 1939 Regular Session and 1941 



402 North Carolina Manual 

Regular Session. Enlisted in Army of United States, March 4, 
L942, with grade of Private advanced to Corporal and Staff Sgt. ; 
Released from service as Major, J.A.G.O., March 4, 1946. Presby- 
terian. Deacon, 1941-1946; Ordained as Elder in June, 1946; to 
date, Sunday School Attendance record of 30 years without ab- 
sence. Married Miss Christine Dail of Mount Olive, N. C, May 14, 
1942. Address: Tarboro, N. C. 

GARLAND S. GARRISS 

(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Garland S. Garriss, Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Margarettsville, Northampton 
County, N. C. Son of Walter and Mamie (Smith) Garriss. Attended 
the Margarettsville Graded School, 1914-1924; Seaboard High 
School, 1924-1925; Duke University, 1925-1927: Duke University 
Law School, 1927-1930, LL.B. Degree. Lawyer. Member of the 
North Carolina Bar Association; Vice President, 15th Judicial 
District Bar, 1946; President, Montgomery County Bar Associa- 
tion, 1946. Montgomery County Solicitor, 1933-1943. Chairman, 
Montgomery County Democratic Executive Committee, 1942-1943. 
Member of the Troy Rotary Club; President, 1939. Corporal in 
the United States Army, October 1943-October 1945. Methodist; 
Member Board of Stewards; Board of Trustees, 1934-1946; Chair- 
man, Board of Stewards, 1940-1942. Married Miss Ida Street, July 
19, 1939. One daughter: Judith Anne Garriss. Address: Troy, 
N. C. 

GORDON GRAY 

(Twenty-second District — County: Forsyth. One Senator.) 
Gordon Gray, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-second Sena- 
torial District, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, May 30, 1909. 
Son of Bowman and Nathalie Fontaine (Lyons) Gray. Attended 
Woodberry Forest School, 1921-1926; University of North Caro- 
lina, A.B., 1930; Yale Law School, LL.B., 1933. Publisher. Mem- 
ber Delta Kappa Epsilon (College), Phi Beta Kappa, and Omicron 
Delta Kappa (Honorary) fraternities. Enlisted in the U. S. Army 
in May, 1942 as a Private; discharged June, 1945, with rank of 
Captain, Infantry. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1939 



Biographical Sketches 403 

and 1941. Methodist; member of Board of Stewards. Married Miss 
Jane Boyden Craige, June 11, 1938. Three sons: Gordon Gray, 
Jr., born September 15, 1939; Burton Craige Gray, born April 1, 
1941; Clayland Boyden Bray, born February 6, 1943. Address: 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 

ROY A. HARMON 

(Thirtieth District — Counties: Avery, Madison, Mitchell and 
Yancey. One Senator.) 

Roy A. Harmon, Republican, Senator from the Thirtieth Sena- 
torial District, was born at Beech Creek, November 2, 1894. Son 
of William M. and Mary M. (Harmon) Harmon. Attended Beech 
Creek Elementary School 1903-1909; Appalachian Training School 
1910-1913. Taught in Public schools of Watauga and Avery Coun- 
ties. Banker. Sergeant, United States Army from February 3, 
1915 to October 15, 1919. Four years' service in Philippine Islands. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1925. Senator from 
the Thirtieth District in the General Assembly of 1931. Member 
of JROUAM, Masons, Order of Eastern Star and American Le- 
gion. Business Manager, Grace Hospital, Banner Elk, N. C. from 
1931 to present time. Married Miss Alma B. Ollis, December 23, 
1923. Address: Elk Park, North Carolina. 

HUGH G. HORTON 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell, and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Hugh G. Horton, Democrat, Senator from the Second Senatorial 
District, was born in Ahoskie, N. C, December 23, 1896. Son of 
John A. and Oda Novella (Byrd) Horton. Attended Ahoskie High 
School and Winton High School; Wake Forest Law School, 1922. 
Lawyer. Member American Bar Association and North Carolina 
Bar Association. Mayor of Williamston, 1923. Prosecuting At- 
torney Martin County, 1927; Piivate, in 1918, 280th Field Hospi- 
tal, 20th Sanitary Train, Camp Sevier, South Carolina; Skewarkee 
Lodge No. 90, A. F. & A. M., Williamston; Washington, N. C, 
Lodge No. 922, B. P. O. Elks; Sudan Temple, A. A. O. N. M. 
Shrine, New Bern, N. C; New Bern Consistory No. 3, Scottish 
Rite Masonry. Representative in the General Assembly of 1935, 
1937 and 1939; Senator 1941 and 1943. Member Williamston Me- 



404 North Carolina Manual 

morial Baptist Church, Williamston, N. C. Married Miss Bessie 
O. Page, November 11, 1923. Children: Hugh G. Horton, Jr., and 
Betsy Page Horton. Address: Williamston, N. C. 

CHARLES HENRY JENKINS 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

Charles Henry Jenkins, Democrat, Senator from the First Sena- 
torial District, was born in Menola, Hertford County, N. C, Oc- 
tober 8, 1881. Son of Joseph H. and Olevia Frances (Benthali) 
Jenkins. Attended Menola High School, 1896-1900; A.B. Wake 
Forest College, 1904; Law School, 1908; University of North Caro- 
lina Law School, 1909. Automobile dealer and farmer. Member 
Ruritan Club; charter member Ahoskie Kiwanis Club. Founder 
Charles H. Jenkins & Co., Aulander; President Standard Chevro- 
let Company, Ahoskie; President Charles H. Jenkins Motor Co., 
Edenton; Principal Grammar School, Kinston, 1904-1906; Princi- 
pal Grammar Schools, Durham, 1906-1911; Principal High School, 
City of Durham, 1911-1912. President Grammar School Principals, 
North Carolina Education Association, 1910; Member Board of 
Trustees, Chowan College, Murfreesboro, N. C. Member Board of 
Town Commissioners, Aulander, N. C. 1916-1917. Chairman Lib- 
erty Loan Committee Bertie County, 1917-1918; Chairman Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1922-1924; Chairman Bertie County 
Highway Commission, 1920-1927. Delegate to Democratic National 
Convention, 1936. Member Board of Conservation and Develop- 
ment, 1941-1944; member Committee on Forests and Parks and 
Commercial Fisheries. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1945. Knights of Pythias. Baptist, Member Board of Deacons, Dur- 
ham Baptist Church 1910-1912; Deacon Aulander Baptist Church; 
Moderator W. Chowan Association five years. Address: Aulander, 
N. C. 

RIVERS DUNN JOHNSON 

(Ninth District — Counties: Dupiin, New Hanover, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Rivers Dunn Johnson, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Wilson, N. C, December 29, 1885. 
Son of Seymour Anderson and Annie E. (Clark) Johnson. Edu- 



Biographical Sketches 405 

cated at James Sprunt Institute, Warsaw High School and Wake 
Forest. Attended Wake Forest Law School, 1908-1909. Lawyer. 
Member American Bar Association, North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion and Duplin County Bar Association. Past President Sixth 
Judicial District Bar Association of North Carolina. Chairman 
Advisory Board, Duplin County Selective Service. Mayor Warsaw, 
1909-1910. State Senator, 1911, 1915, 1923, Ex. Session 1924, 1927, 
1931, 1935 and 1943. Thirty-second Degree Mason, Scottish Rite 
Bodies; Shriner, Sudan Temple; Jr. O.U.A.M.; Eastern Star; 
Master Masonic Lodge, 1911-1915; Councillor, Jr. O.U.A.M., two 
years; President Shrine Club, 1919-1926. Baptist. Teacher Men's 
Bible Class, First Baptist Church of Warsaw. Married Miss Olivia 
R. Best, May 23, 1921. Children: Rivers D. Johnson, Jr., Vivian B. 
Johnson, and John Anderson Johnson, Students University of 
North Carolina. Address: Warsaw, N. C. 

BAXTER C. JONES 

(Thirty-third District — Counties: Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Ma- 
con and Swain. One Senator.) 

Baxter C. Jones, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-third Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Jackson County, August 6, 1887. Son 
of Neson P. and Emma S. (Woodard) Jones. Attended Cullowhee 
State Normal, 1909-1914 inclusive and graduated with diploma; 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1919. Lawyer. County Attorney 
for Swain County from 1931-1946. Has been Noble Grand and 
member of Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows of North Carolina. Served 
in the United States Navy during World War I, 1918-1919. Mem- 
ber of the American Legion. Mason, Representative from Jackson 
County in the 1915 Session of the Legislature; Representative from 
Swain County in the 1935 and 1937 Sessions. Member of Board of 
Trustees East Carolina Teachers College 1936-1940. Member of 
State Board of Elections 1940-1942. Chairman Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee of Swain County 1940-1946. Member of Hospitals 
Board of Control 1945-1946. Chairman of Welfare Board of Swain 
County 1937-1946. Baptist. Married Miss Emma May DeHart, 
January 5, 1935. Address: Bryson City, North Carolina. 



406 North Carolina Manual 



ROBERT POSEY JONES 



(Twentii-tliird District — Counties: Stokes and Surry. One Sen- 
ator.) 

Robert Posey Jones, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-third 
Senatorial District, was born in Surry County, N. C, October 14, 
1902. Son of George Thomas and Mary Anna (Moseley) Jones. 
Attended the Surry County Public Schools; Booneville High 
School; Edwards' Business College, Winston-Salem. N. C. Tobacco 
Warehouseman, I. H. C. Farm Equipment and Truck Dealer. 
President, Blue Ridge Insurance Agency, Inc. Member, Mount 
Airy Tobacco Board of Trade, President, 1935-1946; North Caro- 
lina Insurance Association; Merchants' Association; North Caro- 
lina Automobile Dealers Association. Vice-president, Surry County 
Loan and Trust Company, Chairman of Executive Committee. 
Surry County Commissioner, 1938-1946; Member, Surry County 
Welfare Board, 1940-1946. Mason. Member of Granite Masonic 
Lodge #322; Senior Deacon, 1946. Member of Kiwanis Club, Di- 
rector. Baptist. Married Miss Lucile Simmons Jones, June 15, 
L933. Two children. Address: North Main Street, Mount Airy, 
N. C. 

JOHN C. KESLER 

(Twenty-first District — Counties: Cabarrus and Rowan. Two 
Senators.) 

John C. Kesler, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-first Sena- 
torial District, was born in Rowan County, May 23, 1899. Son of 
G. C. and Fannie (Iddings) Kesler. Attended Spencer City School; 
graduated in 1920; A.B. University North Carolina, 1924; J. D., 
1928. Lawyer. Member Rowan County Bar Association, Secretary- 
Treasurer, 1935-1942; Member North Carolina State Bar; North 
Carolina Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney Rowan County 
Court, 1937-1938; Judge, 1939-1940. Mason; Spencer Lodge No. 
543; Master, 1933-1935. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1945. Methodist. Member Board of Stewards, 1944. Married Miss 
Sudie Grace West, July 20, 1939. One child: Frances Sue Kesler, 
Born May 5, 1946. Address: Salisbury, N. C. 



Parker of Buncombe 
Penny of Guilford 
Powell of Columbus 



Rankin of Gaston 
Richardson of Union 
Rodman of Beaufort 



Roper of Lincoln 
Simms of Wake 
Smith of Stanly 



Wallace of Johnston 
Ward of Craven 

Watkins of Granville 



Weathers of Cleveland 
Webb of Orange 

Whitaker of Lenoir 



White of Vance 

Williams of Yadkin 

Byerly — Principal Clerk 




ins North Carolina Manual 

ALTON A. LENNON 

(Ninth District — Counties: Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Alton A. Lennon, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Senatorial 
District, was born in Wilmington, N. C, August 17, 1906. Son of 
R. Y. and Minnie (High) Lennon. Attended New Hanover High 
School; Wake Forest College, graduating with LL.B. Degree, 
1929. Lawyer. Member of the New Hanover Bar Association; 
North Carolina Bar Association; State Bar Inc. Judge, New 
Hanover Reeoider's Court, 1984-1942. Baptist. Married Miss Ka- 
rine Welch, October 12, 1933. Two children: Adna Lee and Alton 
Yates Lennon. Address: Wilmington, N. C. 

WILLIAM L. LUMPKIN 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

William L. Lumpkin, Democrat, Senator from the Sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born at Youngsville, N. C, May 14, 1903. Son 
of J. S. and Lena (Parker) Lumpkin. Attended Youngsville High 
School and Franklinton High School; Wake Forest College 1920- 
1923; Wake Forest Law School. Lawyer. Louisburg Kiwanis 
Club; City Attorney Town of Franklinton. Baptist; Deacon; 
President Franklin County Baraca-Philathea Union 1924. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly 1929, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1937, and 
1943; Member of State Senate 1939, 1941 and 1945. Married. 
Three children. Address: Louisburg, N. C. 



- &> 



HENRY ALEXANDER McKINXON 

(Eleventh District — County: Robeson. One Senator.) 
Henry Alexander McKinnon, Democrat, Senator from the Elev- 
enth Senatorial District, was born in Maxton, N. C, September 
22, 1892. Son of Alexander James (Sandy) and Virginia Lee (Mc- 
Kinney) McKinnon. Attended Maxton Public Schools, 1899-1909; 
A.B. Degree Trinity College, 1912; Trinity Law School, 1912-1914. 
Lawyer. Member of Robeson County Bar Association, Vice-Presi- 
dent at present time; American Bar Association. Director of 
Scottish Bank, Member Kiwanis Club, Lumherton, North Caro- 



Biographical Sketches 409 

lina; Mormax Club, Maxron, North Carolina; American Legion; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars. Past-President of Robeson County 
Club. Mayor of Maxton, N. C, 1922-1924; formerly member of 
Robeson County Board of Education ; formerly Chairman 7th 
Congressional District Young Peoples Club; formerly Chairman 
of Robeson County Executive Committee; formerly on State Demo- 
cratic Platform Committee. Present Attorney for Robeson County; 
Attorney for the Town of Maxton ; member of General Statutes 
Commission. Entered the armed forces July, 1917 as a Private 
and was discharged as 1st' Lieutenant Decemter 1918. Alpha Tau 
Omega College Fraternity. Mason. Methodist. Former member and 
Chairman of the Board of Stewards at Maxton; Superintendent 
Sunday School in Lumberton; present member of Board of Stew- 
ards of Chestnut Street Methodist Church in Lumberton. Mar- 
ried Miss Margaret Borden, November 3, 1920. Three children: 
Henry Alexander McKmnon, Jr.; Arnold Borden McKinnon; John 
Borden McKinnon. Address: Lumberton, N. C. 

JOHN ROBBINS McLAUGHLIN 

{Twenty-fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln. 
Two Senators.) 

John Robbins McLaughlin, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
fifth Senatorial District, was born in Statesville, N. C, November 
19, 190G. Son of Richard B. and Maude (Robbins) McLaughlin. 
Attended Statesville High School and Oak Ridge Military Institute 
1921-1925; Wake Forest Law School 1931-1932. Lawyer. States- 
ville City Attorney 1932-1935; Iredell County Attorney 1935-1941. 
National Committeeman Young Democratic Clubs of North Caro- 
lina 1939-1940. Member N. C. Department of Conservation and 
Development 1936-1941. Knights of Pythias. Veteran of World 
War II. Member of American Legion. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1941. Presbyterian. Married Miss Sarah John- 
ston, November 26, 1932. Children: John R. McLaughlin, Jr., age 
twelve, Sarah Johnston McLaughlin, age ten and William Johnston 
McLaughlin, age two. Address: Statesville, N. C. 



410 North Carolina Manual 

WILLIAM MEDFORD 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

William Medfcrd, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-second 
Senatorial District was born in Bryson City, N. C, January 29, 
1909. Son of A. T. and Verna (Welch) Medford. Attended Bryson 
City High School, 192:M927; University of North Carolina, A.B., 
1931; University of North Carolina Law School, 1930-1933, LL.B. 
Attorney at Law. Member of the North Carolina Bar Association 
and District Associations; Waynesville Rotary Club. Baptist; 
Chairman, Finance Committee, 1946-1947. Lieutenant in the United 
States Navy, 1942- 1!>4:>. Married Miss Martha Mock, November 
23, 1940. One son: James Allen Medford. Address: 32 North Main 
Street, Waynesville, N. C. 

LORIMER WILLARD MIDGETT 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

Lorimer Willard Midgett, Democrat, Senator from the First 
District, was born in Mann's Harbor, N. C, February 9, 1911. Son 
of the late Ellis Bradford and Matilda Elizabeth (Tillett) Midgett, 
(now Mrs. G. F. Hudgins). Graduated from Elizabeth City High 
School, 1928; A.B., University of North Carolina, 1932. General 
Insurance Agent. Member, North Carolina and National Associa- 
tions of Mutual Insurance Agents. County Commissioner, 1938- 
1941; Member Board of Trustees N. C. Retirement System, 1941- 
1943; Vice-President, Elizabeth City Chamber of Commerce; Past 
Lieut. Governor, Carolinas District of Kiwanis International; 
Chairman, Pasquotank Library Board; Chainnan of Elizabeth 
City Recreation Commission; Past Chairman, Board of Trustees, 
Elizabeth City Boys' Club. Member of Elks and Red Men. Lieu- 
tenant in the Navy with three years service of which eighteen 
months were overseas. Representative from Pasquotank County 
in the General Assembly of 1943. Methodist. Superintendent Sun- 
day School, Adult Department, 1941-1942. Married Miss Mar- 
garet White, June 3, 1933. Address: 514 McPherson Street, 
Elizabeth City, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 411 

RUDOLPH IVEY MINTZ 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Rudolph Ivey Mintz, Democrat, Senator from the Tenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Shallotte, N. C, January 19, 1907. 
Son of Harry L. and Minta Catherine (Tart) Mintz. Attended 
Shallotte Public School, 1913-1922; Southport High School, 1922- 
1925; North Carolina State College, B.S. and Civil Engineering, 
1929; University of North Carolina School of Law, Summer, 1938. 
Attorney at Law. Member of the N. C. State Bar Association; 
Organized Reserve Corps. Register of Deeds, Brunswick County, 
1931-1939; President, Y.D.C., Brunswick County, 1932-1938; 
Chairman, Democratic Executive Committee, 1938-1940; Currently 
serving third term as member of State Executive Committee; 
County Attorney, Brunswick County; Town Attorney, Shallotte, 
N. C. Member, Pythagoras Lodge No. 249, A.F.&A.M., Southport, 
N. C, Master, 1935-1936. Active duty U. S. Army Air Corps, 
August 1941 to February 1946; promoted from 1st Lt. to Captain, 
September, 1942; Captain to Major, April, 1943; Major to Lt. 
Colonel, December, 1945. Methodist; member of the Board of 
Stewards since 1940. Married Miss Mary Stewart Cranmer, May 
18, 1935. Three children: Mary Minta Mintz, Alice Jeanette Mintz 
and Rudolph I. Mintz, Jr. Address: Southport, N. C. 

OTVVAY BINNS MOSS 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

Otway Binns Moss, Democrat, Senator from the Sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Wilson, October 20, 1890. Son of Ver- 
non F. and Loula A. (Binns) Moss. Attended Wilson graded 
schools; LL.B. Wake Forest, 1913. Lawyer. Vice Recorder, Nash 
County Court, 1916-1922. Town Attorney Spring Hope, 1919-1946. 
Supervisor Census Fourth Congressional District, 1919-1920. Mem- 
ber School Board, 1919-1922. Chairman School Board, 1938-1943. 
Chairman Nash County Democratic Executive Committee, 1936- 
1946. Member State Democratic Executive Committee 1942-1946. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 192:', and 1925; Repre- 



412 North Carolina Manual 

sentative, 1927, 1929, 19:51 and 1933. Mason; Past Master Spring 
Hope Lodge; Shriner, Sudan Temple. Baptist. Superintendent 
Sunday School, 1920; Teacher Men's Bible Class, 1929-1932, 1936- 
1946. Chairman Sub-Committee to render free legal service under 
Soldiers and Sailors Civil Relief Act 1941-1946. Chairman Nash 
County O. P. A. Enforcement Panel, 1944-1946; Nash County 
Member of Committee on Legal Aid Work 1944-1946; Past Presi- 
dent Nash County Bar Association 1946-1947, Member State Bar 
Association and North Carolina State Bar, Member American 
Bar Association. Married Miss Dolly Edwards, June 2, 1915; 
Three children. Address: Spring Hope, N. C. 

WILLIAM WEAVER XEAL 

(Twenty-seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

William Weaver Neal, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
seventh Senatorial District, was born in Marion, N. C, February 
15, 1874. Son of G. H. and Rowena (Weaver) Neal. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly from McDowell County, 1919, 1921, 
1923, 1925, 1931 and 1933. Address: Marion, N. C. 

THOMAS O'BERRY 

(Eighth District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors.) 

Thomas O'Beriy, Democrat, Senator from the Eighth Senatorial 
District, was born in Goldsboro, N. C, February 20, 1886. Son of 
Nathan and Estelle (Moore) O'Berry. Attended Horner Military 
Academy, Oxford, N. C, 1902-1903; B.S., University of North 
Carolina 1907. General Insurance. President, N. C. Association 
Insurance Agents, 1938-1939, and Wayne County Insurance 
Agents, 1937-1938; Vice President, N. C. Pine Association, 1924. 
Member District No. 2 Selective Service Appeal Board. Member 
Hospitals Board of Control, 1945-1946. Vice President, N. C. 
Crippled Children Society. Representative in the General Assem- 
bly of 1933 and 1935; State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1941, 1943 and 1945. Delta Kappa Epsilon; B.P.O. Elks. Presby- 
terian; Chairman Board of Deacons, 1925-1928. Married Miss 



Biographical Sketches 413 

Annie Land, December 14, 1910. Married Miss Ellen Lewis, April 
9, 1946. Address: Goldsboro, N. C. 

FRANK M. PARKER 

(Thirty-first District — County: Buncombe. One Senator.) 
Frank M. Parker, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-first Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Asheville, N. C, August 25, 1912. 
Son of Haywood and Josie B. (Patton) Parker. Attended Public 
Schools of Asheville; University of North Carolina, AB, 1934; 
LL.B., 1936. Attorney. Member of Buncombe County Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Bar Association. Member of Phi Delta Phi 
(Legal Fiaternity) ; Phi Kappa Sigma; Order of the Coif, 1936. 
S/Sgt. in the United States Army, January 17, 1944-September 
30, 1945. Episcopalian; Secretary to Vestry, 1946. Married Miss 
Dorothy G. Acee, May 18, 1940. Four children: Martha Elizabeth 
Parker, Dorothy Patton Parker, Mary Taylor Parker, Frank M. 
Parker, Jr. Address: 65 Edgemont Road, Asheville, N. C. 

GEORGE T. PENNY 

(Seventeenth District — County: Guilford. One Senator.) 
George T. Penny, Democrat, Senator from the Seventeenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Guilford County, N. C. Son of Mark 
and Clementine (Wright) Penny. Attended school at Randleman, 
N. C, 1884-1891. Realtor and Auctioneer. Member Real Estate 
Board and Cham'cer of Commerce of Greensboro. Past Exalted 
Ruler, Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, 1941-1942. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1945. Methodist; Chairman, 
Board of Trustees of Grace Methodist Church. Married Miss 
Lena Welch, September 20, 1906. One daughter (deceased). Ad- 
dress: Jefferson Square, Greensboro, N. C. 

JUNIUS KENNETH POWELL 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senatois.) 

Junius Kenneth Powell, Democrat, Senator from the Tenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Whiteville, N. C, July 15, 1899. 
Son of Robert Henry and Nett (McKinnon) Powell. Attended 



414 North Carolina Manual 

Whiteville High School; Judge Walter Siler's Law School, Raleigh, 
and Wake Forest College. Lawyer. Solicitor, Columbus County 
Court, 1935-1936; Attorney for Columbus County, 1937-1939; Tax 
Attorney for Columbus County, 1939-1940; Attorney for Town 
of Fair Bluff, 1944-1946. 32nd Degree Mason; Shriner. Presby- 
terian. Married Miss Helen Simmons, October 7, 1919. One daugh- 
ter: Mrs. Catherine Powell Powell (Student U.NjC Law School). 
Address: Whiteville, N. C. 

RUFUS GRADY RANKIN 

(Twenty-Sixth District — County: Gaston. One Senator.) 
Rufus Grady Rankin, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
Sixth Senatorial District, was born at Belmont, February 25, 
1891. Son of Rufus Pinkney and Zoe (Hand) Rankin. Graduated 
from Gastonia High School, 1906; attended University of North 
Carolina, 1906-1909. President of Superior Yarn Mills, Mount 
Holly, N. C. State Senator from the Twenty-sixth Senatorial 
District in the General Assembly of 1931 and 1933. Member of 
North Carolina Budget Commission 1931-1935. Member North 
Carolina Unemployment Compensation Commission 1943-1946. 
Member Board of Gaston County Commissioners, 1919-1925. Ma- 
son, including Blue Lodge, Chapter, Commandery, Scottish Rite, 
Shrine; Methodist; Steward. Married Miss Ruth Boyce, January 
13, 1913. Address: Gastonia, N. C. 

OSCAR LEONARD RICHARDSON 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Oscar Leonard Richardson, Democrat, Senator from the Nine- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born February 25, 1896. Son of 
Pinckney V. and Chloe J. (Lathan) Richardson. Graduate of 
Monroe High School; graduate of Trinity College, Durham, N. C, 
A. B., 1921; post graduate work at University of North Carolina; 
Trinity College Law School, 1922-1924. Lawyer. Member North 
Carolina State Bar and American Bar Associations. Clerk Superior 
Court of Union County, 1925-1934. Veteran of World War I; 
Foreign service 1917-1919; Member American Legion. Represent- 
ative from Union County in General Assembly of 1939, 1941 and 



Biographical Sketches 415 

1943; Speaker, 1945. Methodist. Married December 6, 1930 to Miss 
Sara 'Cowan. Two children: Sara Louise and 0. L. Richardson, 
Jr. Address: Waxhaw Road, Monroe, N. C. 



JOHN CROOM RODMAN 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell, and Washington. Two Senators.) 

John Croom Rodman, Democrat, Senator from the Second Sena- 
torial District, was born in Washington, N. C, October 24, 1906. 
Son of Dr. John C. and Olzie W. (Clark) Rodman. Attended Fish- 
burne Military School, 1922- 1924; University of North Carolina, 
1928. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; Chairman Executive Committee, N. C. Bar 
Association, 1941; Vice President N. C. Bar Association, 1946. 
Mayor, Town of Washington Park, N. C. Democratic Nominee, 
State Senate from Second District, 1942 (resigned prior to elec- 
tion to go in Military Service). Lt. (jg) USNR— 1942; Lieut., 
1944; Lt. Cmdr., 1946; Commanding Officer USS S. C. 732, 18 
months, Pacific Area; Navigator USS Braxton, APA 138, 12 
months, Pacific Area. Episcopalian; Vestryman, St. Peter's 
Church, Washington, N. C. Married Miss Elizabeth Mixon, Jan- 
uary 15, 1930. Address: Washington, N. C. 

SHELDON MOSELEY ROPER 

(T'tventy-fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln. 
Two Senators.) 

Sheldon Moseley Roper, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
fifth Senatorial District, was born in Greer, South Carolina, 
March 16th, 1901. Son of Dr. John C. and Edith Bull (Moseley) 
Roper. Attended High School, Rock Hill, S. C, Columbia, S. C. 
and Hyde Park High School; graduated from The Citadel, Charles- 
ton, S. C, B.S., Civil Engineering, 1922; Law School, University 
of South Carolina, 1923-24; University of North Carolina, 1924. 
Attorney at Law. Member American Title Association, American 
Bar Association, N. C. Bar Association and N. C. State Bar, Inc.; 
City Attorney for Town of Lincolnton, N. C. 1927-1933; Judge 
Lincoln County Recorder's Court, 1930-1936; Member House of 



416 North Carolina Manual 

Representatives, North Carolina General Assembly, from Lincoln 
County 1!)-'!!); Solicitor Lincoln County Recorder's Court 1942- 
1945; Chairman Lincoln County Rationing Board 1942; Grand 
Chancellor Order of Knights of Pythias in North Carolina 1942- 
1943; Member Lincoln Lodge No. 137 A.F. & A.M.; Member Gas- 
tonia Commandery No. 28, Knights Templar; Member Oasis Tem- 
ple of the Shrine, Charlotte, N. C. Member Lincoln Chapter No. 
22, Royal Arch Masons; Member of First Methodist Church, Lin- 
colnton, N. C; Chairman Board of Trustees; Member Board of 
Stewards and Teacher of Men's Bible Class since 1928. Married 
September 26th, 1925 to Miss Mary Hoyle, daughter of Marcus 
Hoke Hoyle and Georgia (Miller) Hoyle. Two children: twin 
daughters, Shelley and Carolyn Roper, born February 14th, 1928, 
Lincolntor, N. C. Address: Lincolnton, N. C. 

ROBERT MRWANA SIMMS, JR. 

(Thirteenth I Hsti ict — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

Robert Nirwana Simms, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Thir- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Raleigh, N. C, April 28, 
1910. Son of Robeit Nirwana Sr. and Virginia Adelaide (Edger- 
ton) Simms. Graduated from Hugh Morson High School, 1926; 
Wake Forest College, B.A. (Civics) 1930; Law School of Wake 
Forest College, 1929-1931. Lawyer. Mem'ier State and County Bar 
Associations; President, Wake County Junior Bar Association, 
1 936. Member of the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce; Director, 
1941-1942; President, Raleigh Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1941- 
1942; (also formally its First Vice-President, Treasurer, and, for 
several different terms, local director); State Director, N. C. 
Junior Chamber of Commerce (several terms) ; Director, Raleigh 
Community Chest, 1941; Chaiter member and first Treasurer, 
Wake County Young Democratic Club; Member of the Kiwanis 
Club of Raleigh; Director, 1942; Raleigh Torch Club, Interna- 
tional riesident, 1939; American Legion Post No. 1, Raleigh, 
N. C. Member of the Omicron Delta Kappa; Pi Kappa Delta; The 
Sphinx Club of Raleigh. Baptist; Deacon, 1942 to date of en- 
listment in Armed Services; Superintendent of Adult Department, 
1941; General Superintendent of Sunday School, 1942 to date of 
enlistment in Armed Services. Superintendent of Young People's 



Biographical Sketches 417 

Department, Tabernacle Baptist Church; Deacon, 1933-1940; 
Clerk of Deacons several years. 1st Lieutenant, United States 
Marine Corps Reserve, July 7, 1944 to December 8, 1945. Co-au- 
thor, North Carolina Manual of Law and Forms (Ninth Edition) 
1938. Married Miss Florence Helen Briggs, December 14, 1935. 
Two daughters: Virginia Egerton Simms and Helen Florence 
Simms. Address: 1105 Harvey Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

WHITMAN ERSKINE SMITH 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Whitman Erskine Smith, Democrat, Senator from Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Norwood, N. C, February 13, 
1896. Son of R, L. and Ora (Burgess) Smith. Attended Webb 
School, Bell Buckle, Tenn.; Morgan School, Fayetteville, Tenn., 
1910-1915; Trinity College, 1915-1917; completed Law Course at 
Trinity College, 1919-1921. Lawyer. Served in United States 
Navy, 1918-1919. Mason. State Senator, 1927, 1929, 1935, 1939 and 
1945. President pro tern Senate, 1939. Methodist. Married Miss 
Rebecca Rigby, November 10, 1926. One son: Whitman Erskine 
Smith, Jr. Address: Albemarle, N. C. 

LAWRENCE HENRY WALLACE 

(Eighth. District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors.) 

Lawrence Henry Wallace, Democrat, Senator from the Eighth 
Senatorial District, was born in Smithfield, N. C, April 25, 1906. 
Son of R. I. and Jenny L. (Massey) Wallace. Attended Smithfield 
High School; University of N. C. Law School, LL.B., 1930. Tobac- 
conist and Fertilizer Manufacturer. Solicitor Recorder's Court of 
Johnston County 1934-1938. Representative in the General Assem- 
bly from Johnston County, 1939, 1941 and 1943. State Senator in 
the General Assembly of 1945. Member Chi Psi Fraternity; Presi- 
dent Smithfield Kiwanis Club, 1940. Methodist. Married Miss Nell 
Grantham, December 26, 1930. Three Children: Lawrence H., II; 
Neil Rose and Michael Holton. Address: Smithfield, N. C. 



418 North Carolina Manual 

DAVID LIVINGSTONE WARD 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

David Livingstone Ward, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh 
Senatorial District, was born in New Bern, N. C, June 1903. Son 
of D. L. and Carrie Louise Ward. Attended New Bern Public 
School; University of North Carolina, 1920-1924, A.B.; Wake 
Forest Law School, 1924-1926. Lawyer. County Solicitor, 1928- 
1930; State Board Conservation and Development, 1930-1937. 
Member of Elks, Junior Order. Member of American, North 
Carolina and Craven County Bar Associations. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941 and 1943. 
Speaker of the House 1939. State Senator in the General Assem- 
bly of 1945. Secietary, State Democratic Committee, 1936-1940; 
State Gasoline Legislative Committee, 1936; State Advisory Budget 
Commission, 1937-1938; State Division Purchase and Contract, 
1937-1938; the Interstate Commission on Crime, 1940. Delegate to 
the National Democratic Conventions, 1936 and 1940. Assistant 
Secretary of National Democratic Convention, 1944. Episcopalian. 
Married Miss Leah Duval Jones, New Bern, N. C, December 10, 
L932. Two sons: D. L. Ward, Jr., bom July 23, 1935 and John A. 
J. Ward, born December 9, 1944. Address: 95 East Front Street, 
New Bern, N. C. 

JOHN STRADLEY WATKINS 

(Fourteenth District — Counties: Durham, Granville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

John Stradley Watkins, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Granville County, October 8, 
1879. Son of John A. and Margaret (Reid) Watkins. Attended 
public schools of Granville County, 1885-1898; Scottsburg Normal 
College, 1898-1899. Farmer and Tobacconist. Member of Masons 
and Woodmen of the World. Secretary and Treasurer of Granville 
County Branch of the Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Co., 1914 
to present. President, N. C. Fairaers Mutual Fire Insurance Asso- 
ciation. Representative from Granville County in the House of 
Representatives in 1923, 1925, 1927 and 1945. State Senator in 



Biographical Sketches 419 

1935, 1939 and 1943. Baptist; Chairman of Board of Deacons. 
Married Miss Belle Norwood, 1905. Ten children. Address: Oxford, 
N. C, R.F.D. 4. 

LEE B. WEATHERS 

{Twenty-seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Lee B. Weathers, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-seventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Shelby, N. C, September 15, 1886. 
Son of A. P. and Octavia (Nolan) Weathers. Attended Shelby 
Public Schools and Shelby High School. B.A., Wake Forest College, 
1908. Editor and Publisher Shelby Daily Star. Member North 
Carolina Press and Southern Newspaper Publishers Associations; 
President North Carolina Press Association, 1928-1929. Prepared 
copy for Cleveland County Centennial Edition of Shelby Daily 
Star in 1940 which embraced history of Cleveland County. Direc- 
tor First National Bank and Vice President Cleveland Building 
and Loan Association. Secretary-Treasurer N. C. Railroad Com- 
mission, one year. Member State Board of Conservation and De- 
velopment, 1943-1944. Senator in the General Assembly of 1943 and 
1945. Mason. Baptist. Married Mrs. Breta N. Clary, daughter of 
former State Senator J. W. Noell of Roxboro. Children: Henry 
L. Weathers, business manager Shelby Daily Star and Miss Pearl 
Weathers, of Shelby, N. C. Address: Shelby, N. C. 

JAMES WEBB 

(Sixteenth District — Counties: Alamance and Orange. One Sen- 
ator. ) 

James Webb, Democrat, Senator from the Sixteenth Senatorial 
District, was born in Hillsboro, N. C, November 28, 1904. Son of 
James H. and Annie Hudgins (Bond) Webb. Attended Misses 
Heartt's Private School, Hillsboro, N. C, 1910-1920; Fishburne 
Military School, Waynesboro, Va., 1921-1922; University of North 
Carolina, 1926, B.S. in Commerce. President, Eno Cotton Mills, 
Hillsboro, N. C. Member of Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity. Mason. 
Episcopalian; Vestryman. Married Miss Margaret Denson Raney, 
December 3, 1930. Four children. Address: Hillsboro, N. C. 



120 North Carolina Manual 

ROMULUS ALOXZO WHITAKER 

(SeventJi District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Romulus Alonzo Whitaker, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Trenton, N. C, November 11, 
1890. Son of Romulus Alonzo and Martha Antionette (Bidgood) 
Wbitaker. Attended Rhodes School, Trenton, N. C, until 1901; 
Kinston Public School 1901-1906; A.B. Trinity College (Duke Uni- 
versity) 1910; Oak Ridge Business Courses, 1912-1913; Trinity 
College (Duke University) Law School, 1913-1915; Licensed to 
practice August, 1915. Lawyer. Member American Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar 
and Lenoir County Bar. Member International Association Insur- 
ance Counsel. Member Kinston Chamber Commerce, President, 
1929; Director Chamber Commerce and National Counsellor U. S. 
Chamber Commerce since 1934. President General Alumni Associa- 
tion, Duke University, 1943-1946; Director, Commercial National 
Bank, 1940-1941. Judge City Recorder's Court, 1919-1920; City 
Attorney, 1939-1941. Air Service World War 1, November 1917- 
December 1918. Kappa Sigma Fraternity. Mason; Sudan Temple 
of Mystic Shrine; Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks; 
Joseph Dixon Rountree Post, No. 43, American Legion. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1945. Methodist. Member 
Board of Stewards since 1916. Married Miss Clara Eoline Padrick, 
November 25, 1919. Two chiirren: Romulus Alonzo Whitaker, Jr. 
and Neva Bidgood Whitaker. Address: Kinston, N. C. 

WILLIAM WALLACE WHITE 

(Third Senatorial District — Counties: Northampton, Vance and 
Warren. One Senator.) 

William Wallace White, Democrat, Senator from the Third Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Manson, N. C, February 22, 1902. 
Son of Charles Mayfield and Sallie Daniel (Boyd) White. At- 
tended Nutbush Public School, 1908-1916 Middleburg High School, 
1916-1919; N. C. State College, B.S., 1924. Farmer. Member, 
County Cotton Committee, AAA, 1933-1935; President, Soil Con- 
servation and Erosion Control Project, Vance County, 1936-1940; 



Biographical Sketches 421 

Member of State Tobacco Advisory Council, 1936-1940; President, 
Vance Farmers Cooperative, 1937-1938; Director and Vice Presi- 
dent of Henderson Production Credit Association, 1941-1946; mem- 
ber, County AAA Committee, 1943-1946. Secretary, Vance County 
Democratic Executive Committee since 1940. Senator in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1937 and 1941. Member of the Junior Order; 
Lambda Gamma Delta; National Grange; Master, Middleburg 
Subordinate Grange, 1933-1934; Master, Vance Pomona Grange, 
1934-1936; Faim Bureau Federation. Presbyterian; Deacon, 1924- 
1927; Elder since 1927; Sunday School Superintendent since 1930. 
Address: Manson, N. C. 

LAFAYETTE WILLIAMS 

{Twenty-fourth District — Counties: Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin. 
One Senator.) 

Lafayette Williams, Republican, Senator from the Twenty-fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Yadkinville, N. C, February 10, 
1914. Son of the late S. Carter and Grace (Redmond) Williams. 
Attended Yadkinville High School; University of North Carolina, 
1930-31, 1932-33; graduated from the University of North Caro- 
lina Law School with LL.B. Degree, August, 1939. Attorney at 
Law. Member of the North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina 
Bar Association; American Bar Association. Member, Staff North 
Carolina Law Review, 1938-39. Inducted into the United States 
Army, March 7, 1942; separated, December 18, 1945; Special 
Agent, Military Intelligence Division, Counter Intelligence Corps. 
Member, Yadkin County Post #236, American Legion, Yadkin- 
ville, N. C. Baptist. Address: Yadkinville, N. C. 



REPRESENTATIVES 

THOMAS JENKINS PEARSALL 

SPEAKER 

Thomas Jenkins Pearsall, Democrat, Representative from Nash 
County, was born in Rocky Mount, N. C, February 11, 1903. Son 
of L. F. and Maryetta (Jenkins) Pearsall. Attended Rocky Mount 
High School, 1919-1921; Georgia Military Academy, College Park, 
Ga., 1922-192-°.; University of North Carolina, class of 1927, two 
years of B.S., and two years of Law; Licensed to practice law in 
1927. Farmer, merchant, lawyer. Member American Farm Bureau; 
American Farm Managers Association ; Champion Farmers As- 
sociation of America; President, North Carolina Farmers Conven- 
tion, 1941-1946; President, North Carolina Agricultural Founda- 
tion, Inc. Member of North Carolina Bar Association. Prosecuting 
Attorney, Rocky Mount Recorder's Court, 1928-1933. Chairman, 
Nash County Civilian Defense Council; Chairman, Nash County 
USO. Member, Delta Kappa Epsilon and Phi Delta Phi fraterni- 
ties. Representative in the General Assembly of 1941, 1943 and 
1945. Member State Advisory Budget Commission, 1944-1945-1946. 
Episcopalian; member Vestry. Married Miss Emiley Elizabeth 
Braswell, October 28, 1930. Two children: Thomas Jenkins Pear- 
sall, Jr., and Mack Braswell Pearsall. Address: Rocky Mount, 
N. C. 

HUGH QUINCY ALEXANDER 

Hugh Quincy Alexander, Democrat, Representative from Cabar- 
rus County, was born in Glendon, N. C, August 7, 1911. Son ot 
O. S. and Mary Belle (Reynolds) Alexander. Attended Goldston 
Grammar School, 1918-1925; West Durham High School, 1925- 
1928; Durham High School, 1928-1929; Duke University, 1929- 
1932; University of North Carolina Law School, 1934-1937, LL.B. 
Lawyer. Member of the N. C. Bar Association; Cabarrus County 
Bar. Shriner, Oasis Temple, President Cabarrus County Shrine 
Club, 1946; Member of Kannapolis Lion's Club; Kannapolis Junior 
Chamber of Commerce Club; Cannon Memorial Y's Men's Club; 
Young Men's Council (Y.M.C.A.), 1941, President of Interstate 
(N. C. & S. C.) ; Beaver-Pittman Post American Legion, Com- 
mander, 1946. Presbyterian. Elder 2nd Presbyterian Church of 



Thomas J. Pearsall— Speaker 



Alexander of Cabarrus 

Allen of Wake 

Avant of Columbus 



Baldwin of Richmond 

Barker of Durham 

Barker of Stanly 



Bell of Hyde 

Bender of Jones 

Blackwell of , Forsyth 



Blalock of Anson 
Blevins of Ashe 
Blue of Moore 



Bost of Cabarrus 

Boswood of Currituck 
Branch of Halifax 




#*• "^ 




424 North Carolina Manual 

Kannapolis, 1939-1942; Superintendent Sunday School, 1939-1942. 
Entered service as Ensign, U.S.N.R., June 19, 1942; discharged as 
Lieutenant, U.S.N.R., December 25, 1945. Married Miss Myrtle 
Elizabeth White, September 25, 1942. One daughter, age 9 months. 
Address: Florida Drive at Virginia Avenue, Kannapolis, N. C. 

ARCH T. ALLEN 

Arch T. Allen, Democrat, Representative from Wake County, 
was born in Salisbury, N. C, September 13, 1910. Son of Arch T. 
and Claribel (McDowell) Allen. Attended Raleigh High School, 
L926; University of North Carolina, B.S., in Civil Engineering, 
1930; University of North Carolina Law School, J.D. Degree, 
1933. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Association; North 
Carolina State Bar; Wake County Bar Association. Member of 
Sigma Nu and Phi Delta Phi Fraternities; Kiwanis Club; Raleigh 
Chamber of Commerce; President, Young Democratic Clubs of 
North Carolina, 1937-1938; Secretary, State Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, 1940-1943. Lieutenant, U. S. Naval Reserve, in 
World War II with service in Pacific Theater of Operations. Mem- 
ber Raleigh Post No. 1, American Legion. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1937, 1939, 1941 and 1943. Married Miss 
Annette Reveley Tucker, December 14, 1935. Children: Annette 
Reveley Allen and Arch T. Allen, III. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

HOMER GAUSE AVANT 

Homer Gause Avant, Democrat, Representative from Columbus 
County, was born in Cool Spring, S. C, October 29, 1884. Son of 
Wadus Woodson and Sarah (Hilton) Avant. Agent, Sinclair Re- 
fining Company; President, Avant and Sholer, Inc. Member Rotary 
Club; Whiteville Merchants Association; Chairman, Board of 
Trustees, Columbus County Hospital, Inc.; Member of Eastern 
Star, Worthy Patron. Commissioner, Columbus County, 1929-1930; 
1933-1940, serving two years as Chairman; Columbus County 
Township Commissioner, 1918-1922; Member Board of Education, 
1924-1926. Representative in the General Assembly of 1943. Ma- 
son; Scottish Rite. Baptist. Married Miss Mary McLelland, Sep- 
tember 26, 1909. Seven children. Address: Whiteville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 425 



HIRAM THOMAS BALDWIN, JR. 

Hiram Thomas Baldwin, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Richmond County, was born in Rockingham, N. C, December 23, 
1915. Son of Hiram Thomas, Sr. and Virginia Roxie (Ussery) 
Baldwin. Attended the Richmond County Schools. Service Station 
and Cafe Operator. Member of the U. S. Merchant Marines, 1942- 
1945. Presbyterian. Mai—'"-' Miss Minnie Evelyn Williams of 
Moore County, October 17, 1936. Two children: Judy Delora Bald- 
win, and Hiram Thomas Baldwin III. Address: Rockingham, N. C. 

OSCAR GARLAND BARKER 

Oscar Garland Barker, Democrat, Representative from Durham 
County, was born in Cary, Wake County, North Carolina, January 
12, 1896. Son of Brinkley Dickerson and Martha (Johnson) Bar- 
ker. Educated Durham City Schools and Trinity College, complet- 
ing law course at Trinity in 1923. Lawyer, specializing in consul- 
tation and civil practice. Member of North Carolina Bar Associ- 
ation and Durham County Bar Association. Durham Lodge Ma- 
sons, No. 352; Sudan Temple Mystic Shrine. Formerly newspaper 
Editor, having served with editorial staffs of Durham Herald, 
Durham Sun and Greensboro Record. Represented Durham County 
in North Carolina General Assembly in 1935, 1937, special session 
of 1938, 1943 and 1945. Candidate for Congress in Sixth District 
in 1939 and 1941. Held numerous important legislative committee 
assignments and was Chairman Courts and Judicial Districts 
Committee in 1937. Serving second term as member Board of 
Trustees of the North Carolina College at Durham. Baptist; 
Teacher Men's Bible Class First Baptist Church, Durham, which 
was named Barker Bible Class in 1941. Member Associate Board 
of Deacons. Married Miss Sarah Mae Terry, February 28, 1923. 
Address: Durham, N. C. 

RAYMOND C. BARKER, JR. 

Raymond C. Barker, Jr., Republican, Representative from Stan- 
ly County, was born in Greenville, S. C, November 11, 1909. Son 
of Raymond C, Sr., and Adele (Weathersbee) Barker. Graduated 
from High School of Badin, N. C, 1927. Sales Manager, Albemarle 



126 North Carolina Manual 

Music Store, Inc., Albemarle, N. C. Served in U. S. Army, April 
6, l'.M !- December 31, 1945 as an enlisted man. Member of Ameri- 
can Legion. Mason. Member of the Albemarle Lions Club since 
1936; Deputy District Governor of District 31B, Lions Interna- 
tional, 1940. Twenty years active work in Eoy Scouts of America; 
Past Scoutmaster Troops in Albemarle, N. C. Past president, 
Albemarle Merchants Association. Methodist. Married Miss Mabel 
A. Chrisco, December 27, 1936. Two daughters: Jane Adele 
Barker, 5 years old; Judith Anne Barker, 3 years old. Address: 
Albemarle, N. C. 

CLIFTON LINWOOD BELL 

Clifton Linwood Bell, Democrat, Representative from Hyde Coun- 
ty, was born in that County, February 2, 1891. Son of Eugene and 
Delia S. (Swindell) Bell. Attended Hyde County Schools and Oak 
Pudge Institute, 1909-1912; University of North Carolina, 1912. 
Licensed to practice law by N. C. Supreme Court, 1917. Lawyer. 
County Attorney; Cleik Superior Court about eight years. Chair- 
man Democratic Executive Committee about twenty years; Rep- 
resentative from Hyde County in the General Assembly of 1921 
and 1945. Appeal Agent, Selective Service Act. Served in World 
War I. 60th Brigade, 30th Division, 119th Infantry, Company E. 
Twelve months over seas. In battle of Ypres; BelliCourt and Azin- 
court. Member Athenian Literary Society, Oak Ridge Institute. 
Mason; member Atlantic Lodge, No. 294, Swan Quarter. Address: 
Swan Quarter, N. C. 

ROBERT PHILEMON BENDER 

Robert Philemon Bender, Democrat, Representative from Jones 
County, was born in Jones County, near Pollocksville, January 1, 
1888. Son of Bryan and Lucy H. (Tolson) Bender. Attended Pol- 
locksville High School, 1911-1914; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1914-1915. Lawyer. Member Jones County Board of 
Education, 1920-1926; Member Jones County Democratic Executive 
Committee 1918 to the present time. City Attorney, town of Pol- 
locksville, 1921-1931. Permanent member Legal Advisory Board 
for Jones County during World War I. Chairman Jones County 
Young People's Democratic Clubs, 1928-1930. Secretary Jones 
County Bar Association since July 1933. Served as Vice-President 



Biographical Sketches 427 

Fifth District Bar Association 1935-1937; and President Fifth 
District Bar Association 1937-1938. Woodman of the World; Clerk 
of Evergreen Camp No. 184, Pollocksville, 1916-1933, inclusive. 
Member State House of Representatives from Jones County, 1929, 
1931, 1933, 1935, 1939, 1943 and 1945. Presbyterian; Deacon 1917- 
1924; Elder since 1924; Superintendent Sunday School 1921-1934, 
inclusive. President Jones County Sunday School Association, 1926 
to the present time. Married Miss Mary McGee Edwards, Septem- 
ber 19, 1917 (deceased). Married Miss Bonnie Mae Grimsley, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1934 (died September 21, 1937). Married Miss Nellie H. 
Piner of Morehead City, November 30, 1939. Children: two sons, 
born of first marriage, Captain Robert P. Bender, Jr., of U. S. 
Army Air Corps, age 28, and Cpl. J. Virgil Bender of Army Quar- 
termaster Corps, age 25. Address: Pollocksville, N. C. 

THOMAS WINFIELD BLACKWELL, JR. 

Thomas Winfield Blackwell, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Forsyth County, was born in Lexington, N. C, March 3, 1913. 
Son of Thomas Winfield, Sr. and Ruth Estelle (Crist) Blackwell. 
Attended Public Schools and High School, Winston-Salem, N. C; 
Woodberry Forest School; A.B., University of North Carolina, 
1934. LL.B., Yale University, 1937. Lawyer and Tax Consultant. 
Phi Beta Kappa; member of American Bar Association; North 
Carolina Bar Association ; Forsyth County Bar Association ; State 

Executive Committee of North Carolina Bar Association, 1946 . 

Had active duty during World War II in United States Navy, 
July 1942 through December, 1946; entered as Junior Lieutenant 
and became Lieutenant-Commander; served in Seventh Fleet in 
Southwest Pacific; also served in Caribbean. Member of American 
Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Baptist. Member of Board 
of Deacons at present; Founder and Teacher (1938 to the present) 
of The Young Men's Bible Class; Assoc. Superintendent of Young 
Peoples' Department, 1936-1939. Married Miss Mary Johnson Lam- 
beth of Thomasville, N. C, June 1, 1940. Two children: Catharine 
Campbell Blackwell and Ruth Crist Blackwell. Address: Route #2, 
Country Club Road, Winston-Salem, N. C. 



1 :2s North Carolina Manual 



URIAH BENTON BLALOCK 

Uriah Benton Blalock, Democrat, Representative from Anson 
County, was born in Norwood, North Carolina, April 26, 1873. Son 
of Merritt Edny and Hettie Rosana (Staton) Blalock. Attended 
Norwood High School, 1890; Horner's Military School, 1891; 
Trinity College, 1892-1894. President of Blalock Motor Sales Com- 
pany, selling cars, trucks, tractors, and equipment. Started in 
business in 1908 and ranks as one of the thirty oldest Ford deal- 
ers in the United States. Farmer. Member and Past President 
Hardware Dealers Association of the Carolinas; Member and 
Past President of the Automobile Dealers Association of the 
Carolinas; President of Anson County Good Roads Association, 
1912-1916; General Manager of N. C. Cotton Growers Co-operative 
Association, 1922-1934, Vice-President for three years; also served 
as Public Director; President of American Cotton Co-operative 
Association of New Orleans, 1930-1931; President of Pee Dee 
Electric Membership Corporation, Wadesboro; President of Anson 
County Farm Bureau; Director of the N. C. Farm Bureau Federa- 
tion; Member of the N. C. Forestry Association; American For- 
estry Association; Anson County Board of Education, 1908-1912. 
Mayor of Wadesboro, 1918-1919. Food Administrator for Anson 
County during the World War I. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1939, 1941, 1943 and 1945. Mason. Past President of 
Wadesboro Rotary Club. Methodist, Married Miss Monte Chris- 
tian, Mt. Gilead, N. C, January 1906. On September 18, 1918, 
married Miss Bessie Dunlap of Ansonville, N. C. Three children: 
Mrs. Richard F. Roper, nee Monte Christian Blalock; U. Benton 
Blalock, Jr., David Dunlap Blalock. Both sons are associated as 
partners in the Blalock Motor Sales Co. Address: Wadesboro, 
N. C. 

JAMES OSCAR BLEVINS 

James Oscar Blevins, Democrat, Representative from Ashe 
County, was born in Ashe County, N. C, April 2, 1895. Son of 
Avery L. and Sitbie (Ham) Blevins. Attended the Public Schools 
of Smyth County, Va., 1901-1911. Merchant. Member, Ashe Coun- 
ty Board of Education, 1941-1942. Mason, Ashe Lodge No. 594 
A.F.&A.M., Jefferson, N. C; Past Master. Presbyterian; Elder 
since 1936; Sunday School Superintendent, 1936-1941; Member 



Biographical Sketches 429 

Presbytery's Home Mission Committee, 1946. Married Miss Lockie 
Elliott, September 20, 1916. Three children: Oscar R. Blevins, 
Lansing, N. C; Mrs. Cecil Glenn, Sugar Grove, N. C; Mrs. Ray- 
mond Powers, Lansing, N. C; one grandson. Address: Lansing, 
N. C. 

HERBERT CLIFTON BLUE 

Herbert Clifton Blue, Democrat, Representative from Moore 
County, was born in Hoke County, N. C. (then Cumberland), 
August 28, 1910. Son of John Patrick and Christian (Stewart) 
Blue. Graduated from Vass-Lakeview High School in 1929. Pub- 
lisher "The Sandhill Citizen", Aberdeen, N. C. Member, Town of 
Aberdeen Board of Commissioners, 1945; President, Moore County 
YDC club, 1941-1946; Elected 8th Congressional District YDC 
Chairman, 1946; Member Moore County Democratic Executive 
Committee; Moore County representative on 8th District Con- 
gressional Committee. Former President, Central Carolina Press 
Association; Secretary-treasurer, Aberdeen Tobacco Board of 
Trade. Charter member, Aberdeen Lions Club, President of the 
club for the 1946-1947 term. Mason. Woodman of the World. Presi- 
dent' Vass-Lakeview High School Alumni Association, 1933-1935; 
also 1942 to the present. Presbyterian. Served as Superintendent 
of Cypress Sunday School, 1930-1940; Deacon in Cypress Church, 
1931-1941; Superintendent, Bethesda Presbyterian Sunday School, 
1940 to present time; Deacon, Bethesda Church, 1941-1946; Elected 
Elder, Bethesda Church, 1946. Married Miss Gala Lee Nunnery, 
July 4, 1937. Three children: Patricia Joyce, age 8; Herbert 
Clifton, Jr., age 6; John Lee, age 1. Address: Aberdeen, N. C. 

EUGENE THOMPSON BOST, JR. 

Eugene Thompson Bost, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Cabarrus County, was born in Carbarrus County, June 11, 1907. 
Son of E. T. and Zula A. (Hinshaw) Bost. Attended Mount Pleas- 
ant Collegiate Institute; Duke University, School of Law 1930- 
1933. Bachelor of Law. Lawyer. Member American Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Bar Association. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943 and 1945. Methodist. Ma- 
son. Married Miss Bernice Hahn, March 27, 1937. Address: Con- 
cord, N. C. 



130 North Carolina Manual 



GIDEON C. BOSWOOl) 

Gideon C. Boswood, Democrat, Representative from Currituck 
County, was born in Gregory, N. C, January 31, 1891. Son of John 
H. and Ellen (Walker) Boswood. Attended the "Country" schools 
in Currituck County, 1897 to 1905, and Atlantic Collegiate Insti- 
tute, Elizabeth City, N. C, September 1905 to May 1909. Farmer. 
Merchant. Dealer in farm products and owner and operator of a 
cotton gin until 1939. Fourth-class Postmaster from 1917 until 

1938. Connected with the State Department of Agriculture from 
August 1939 until October 1945. Member Currituck County School 
Board 1927 to 1938. Representative from Currituck County in 

1939, 1941, 1943 and 1945. Methodist. Married Miss Josephine 
Etheridge Harrell, of Norfolk, Virginia, October 1st, 1943. Ad- 
dress: Gregory, N. C. 

JOSEPH BRANCH 

Joseph Branch, Democrat, Representative from Halifax County, 
was born in Enfield, N. C, July 5, 1915. Son of James C. and 
Laura (Applewhite) Branch. Graduated from Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1938 with LL.B. Degree. Lawyer. Member of the Enfield 
Lions Club; Young Business Men's Association. Mason. Served in 
the aimed forces of the United States from May 25, 1943 to No- 
vember 29, 1945. Baptist. Address: Enfield, N. C. 

JOHN PAT BUIE 

John Pat Buie, Democrat, Representative from Robeson County, 
was born in Red Springs, N. C, August 20, 1906. Son of Duncan 
Patrick and Cathryne Jane (Humphrey) Buie. Attended Phila- 
delphus High School, 1912-1923. Farmer. Chairman Board of 
Trustees, Philadelphus High School eight years; Chairman Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, Philadelphus Township, twelve years. 
Representative from Robeson County, 1943 and 1945. Presbyterian. 
Elder ten years. Address: Red Springs, N. C. 

LAWRENCE LEE BURGIN 

Lawrence Lee Burgin, Democrat, Representative from Hender- 
son County, was born in Henderson County, August 3, 1893. Son 



Buie of Robeson 

Burgin of Henderson 
Burleson of Mitchell 



Bynum of Cumberland 
Chambers of McDowell 
Clifton of Sampson 



Crissman of Guilford 
Darden of Washington 
Dellinger of Gaston 



Edwards of Greene 
Edwards of Durham 
Eggers of Watauga 



Elmore of Swain 
Ervin of Alleghany 
Fields of Avery 



Fisher of Buncombe 

Fountain of Edgecombe 
Gass of Forsyth 



f"l 




i»< 







mM?'kMk 




432 North Carolina Manual 

of J. H. and Josephine (Lee) Burgin. Educated in the County 
Schools, the Westminister School, and Davidson College. Farmer. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943 
and 1945. A.E.F. Presbyterian. Elder. Married Miss Mary Os- 
borne, September 3, 1919, three children: Lawrence Lee Burgin, 
Jr., Joseph Osborne Burgin, and Virginia Douglas Burgin. Ad- 
dress: Horse Shoe, N. C. 

JETER C. BURLESON 

Jeter C. Burleson, Republican, Representative from Mitchell 
County was born in Bakersville, N. C, July 17, 1899. Son of Wil- 
liam Anderson and Hester Ledford Burleson. Attended Bakers- 
ville High School, 1913-1917; Appalachian State Teachers' College 
two years. Engaged in Insurance and Bonding. Owner and man- 
ager of The J. C. Burleson Lumber Co., Bakersville, N. C. Princi- 
pal, Glen Ayre Consolidated School for two years. Clerk, Superior 
Court, Mitchell County, 1922-1930; youngest clerk in State elected 
to that office. Chairman, Replblican County Executive Committee, 
1928-1930. Served in Special Session of General Assembly, 1936, 
regular sessions 1937, 1939 and 1943. Member, Bakersville Men's 
Club. Mason. Baptist. Married Miss Atta Rankin, 1925. Two sons: 
Bruce Eugene and William Anderson. Address: Bakersville, N. C. 

THOMAS CLIFFORD BYNUM 

Thomas Clifford Bynum, Democrat, Representative from Cum- 
berland County, was born in Vass, Moore County, N. C, Octoter 
7, 1885. Son of John Thomas and Mary Alice (Bailey) Bynum. 
Attended private school of Dr. E. W. Snead, 1897-1900. Short 
courses in Fertilizer and Agriculture at A and E College, 1921, 
1922, and 1923. Farmer. Tobacco Warehouseman and Fertilizer 
Distributor. Worked with Swift and Company, Chicago packers, 
1907-1912; Morris and Co., St. Louis packers, 1912-1919; Virginia 
Carolina Chemical Company, 1919-1931; East Coast Fertilizer 
Co., Wilmington, N. C, 1931-1938. Mason, member Lebanon Lodge 
No. 391. Methodist; Steward; District layman; teacher adult 
classes for past ten years. Married Miss Marjorie Autley of 
Orangeburg, S. C, 1919. Address: Hope Mills, N. C, RFD No. 1. 



Biographical Sketches 433 



WILLIAM CARTER CHAMBERS 

William Carter Chambers, Republican, Representative from Mc- 
Dowell County, was born in Buncombe County, N. C, April 17, 
1909. Son of Ellis Baxter and Leona Louise (Brigman) Chambers. 
Attended High School, Mars Hill College, 1924-1928; Mars Hill 
College, 1932-1933, Fre Legal; Asheville University Law School, 
Asheville, N. C, 1933-1936. Licensed to practice law by North 
Carolina Board of Law Examiners, January, 1936. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber McDowell County Bar Association, Secretary-Treasurer, 1941; 
North Carolina State Bar. Member of American Legion; Com- 
mander, Post #56, Marion, N. C, 1946; Veterans of Foreign 
Wars; Marion Rotary Club, Member of Board of Directors, 1946; 
Francis Marion Club of Marion, N. C; Social and Civic Club. 
Sergeant, 7th Armored Division, March 12, 1942 to October 17, 
1945. Served seventeen months in Europe; Four Battle Stars 
for campaigns of Northern F ranee, Rhineland, the Ardennes, and 
Central Germany. Recommended by First U. S. Army for direct 
commission in Judge Advocate General's Department. Awarded 
Bronze Star Medal for meritorious service in Judge Advocate 
General's Section, 7th Armored Division. Baptist. Address: Marion, 
N. C. 

DEEMS HARDY CLIFTON 

Deems Hardy Clifton, Republican, Representative from Samp- 
son County, was born in Duplin County, N. C, August 1, 1910. 
Son of William Deems and Cora (Kornegay) Clifton. Attended 
Faison High School, graduating in 1928; University of North 
Carolina, 1928-1931. Insurance Agency; General Supply Mer- 
chant; Freezer Locker Plant. Member of North Carolina Associa- 
tion of Insurance Agents; served on Rural Agents and Finance 
Committee. Town Commissioner, Faison, N. C, 1933-1935; Chair- 
Chairman of the Duplin County Republican Executive Committee, 
1936-1938; Chairman of Third Congressional District Committee, 
1936-1946; Member of State Executive Committee, 1940-1942; 
Member of Republican State Finance Committee, 1946. Sigma Phi 
Fraternity. Member of Clinton Rotary Club since 1939. Presby- 
terian; Deacon, 1938. Married Miss Gwendolyn Britt, May 23, 
1934. Address: Clinton, N. C. 



434 North Carolina Manual 



WALTER EDGAR CRISSMAN 

Walter Edgar Crissman, Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in Surry County, N. C, December 11, 1902. 
Son of Charles E. and Ollie (Huff) Crissman. Attended High 
Point High School and graduated in 1922. A.B., University North 
Carolina, 1926; University Law School. Lawyer. Memfcer N. C. 
State Bar and High Point Bar Association. Vice-chairman Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee of Guilford County, 1933-1942 ; Chair- 
man High Point Democratic Executive Committee, 1933-1942. 
State Vice-Councillor Junior Order United American Mechanics. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1945. Baptist; Super- 
intendent Sunday School since 1938. Married Miss Wilma Planzer, 
April 6, 1935. Address: High Point, N. C. 

JOHN W. DARDEN 

John W. Darden, Democrat, Representative from Washington 
County, was born in that county, January 27, 1887. Son of David 
Goodman and Mary V. (Bateman) Darden. Attended Plymouth 
Public School, 11)02-1906; Trinity College; University of North 
Carolina; Columbia University, New York City. Teacher. County 
Superintendent Public Instruction, Washington County, July 1, 
1911 to June 30, 1927; Tax Supervisor, Washington County, 1931; 
Judge Recorder's Court, Washington County, 1932-1941; Post- 
master, Plymouth, N. C, 1941-November, 1943; Parole Supervisor, 
North Carolina Parole Commission, November 1943 to date. Na- 
tional Guard; Second Lieutenant. Served during entire duration 
of World War as member of local Draft Board, Washington Coun- 
ty. Mason; Shriner; Odd Fellow; Elk. Served as Master three 
years; District Deputy Grand Master, 1923-1925. Representative 
from Washington County in the General Assembly of 1929. Chris- 
tian; Chairman, Official Church Board, 1920-1927; Sunday School 
Superintendent for twenty-two years. Married Miss Blanche La- 
tham, July 21, 1923. Address: Plymouth, N. C. 

DAVID P. DELLINGER 

David P. Dellinger, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in that county. Son of John C. and Barbara 



Biographical Sketches 435 

(Glenn) Bellinger, a relative of the late Governor Robert B. 
Glenn. Attended the public schools and Sylvanus Erwin Normal 
Institute, Waco, N. C., 1893-1896; Rutherford College (Old), 
1897-1899, A.B. Begree; University of North Carolina Law School, 
1900. Licensed by the Supreme Court, September, 1900. Lawyer. 
Belivered Alumni Address, Rutherford College, commencement, 
1912 and again in 1926. Mayor of Cherryville, 1901-1902, and 
1933-1935. City Attorney, 1900-1935. Clerk to Committee on Fi- 
nance, 1909. Executive Vice President Rhyne-Houser Manufactur- 
ing Company; Local Counsel Seaboard Air Line Railway sinco 
1913. Representative in the General Assembly of the extra session, 
1912 and regular sessions of 1913, 1925, 1937, 1943, and 1945. 
Reading Clerk in House of Representatives, 1915, 1917, 1919, 
1921, 1923, and 1927. Chairman, Committee on Insurance, 1925. 
Chairman, Committee on Propositions and Grievances, 1937. Ma- 
sonic Lodge life member; Royal Arch Mason; Knights Templar; 
Oasis Temple Shrine; Scottish Rite; Thirty-third Begree Mason; 
Inspector General Honorary; Past Chancellor Commander, Knights 
of Pythias; B.O.K.K.; Junior Order United American Mechanics; 
Improved Order of Red Men; Member all Scottish Rite Bodies, 
32nd degree, K.C.C.H. Served Cherryville Masonic Lodge over 
twenty-two years and now serving as Master; Past Bistrict Bep- 
uty Grand Master, 28th Bistrict. Past Grand Representative of 
the Grand Lodge of Arizona, twelve years. Baptist; Sunday 
School Superintendent twenty years; Organizer and Clerk, Gaston 
County Baptist Association of forty-nine churches and 19,000 
members; Clerk of Association, twenty-one years. Married Miss 
Grace Abernethy of Rutherford College in 1903. One daughter: 
Mrs. Howard Hamrick of New Orleans, La. One grandchild. Ad- 
dress: Cherryville, N. C. 

ALONZO CLAY EDWARDS 

Alonzo Clay Edwards, Democrat, Representative from Greene 
County, was born at Hookerton, N. C, September 29, 1904. Son 
of Dr. G. C. and Catherine (Herman) Edwards. Attended schools 
of Hookerton, 1910-1921; Trinity College, 1921-1924. Farmer. 
Member Greene County Agricultural Adjustment Administration 
Committee 1935-1940; Chairman, 1938-1940; North Carolina Farm 
Bureau State Membership Chairman 1942-1946 and Member of 



136 North Carolina Manual 

State Executive Committee 1937-1846. Representative from North 
Carolina to the National Farm Bureau Convention 1938, 1945, 
1946; Director, Peanut Growers Co-operative 1942-1947; Director, 
Coastal Plain Soil Conservation District 1942-1947; President, 
North Carolina Association of Soil Conservation District Super- 
visors, 1946; Commissioner Town of Hookerton 1931-1940; Chair- 
man United War Fund for Greene County 1943, 1944, 1945. Mason; 
Jerusalem Lodge No. 95, A. F. & A. M.; Knights Templar; Royal 
Arch Masons; Sudan Temple, A. A. O. N. M. Shrine; Junior 
Order United American Mechanics; Trustee Jr. O. U. A. M. 
Children's Home, Lexington, N. C. 1941-1946; State Councilor 
1944-1945, National Representative Jr. O. U. A. M. 1945-1947; 
B. P. 0. of Elks; Lambda Chi Alpha; State Board of Education 
1943-1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 1941, 1943, 
1945. Methodist; Steward 1928-1946; Charge Lay Leader Hooker- 
ton Circuit, 1935-1947; Sunday School Superintendent 1942-1947. 
Married Miss Bettie Hardy Taylor, February 20, 1935. One son: 
Alonzo Clay Edwards, Jr. Address: Hookerton, N. C. 

DANIEL KRAMER EDWARDS 

Daniel Kramer Edwards, Democrat, Representative from Dur- 
ham County, was born in Durham, N. C, February 17, 1914. Son 
of Charles W. and Eva Marie (Kramer) Edwards. Attended Dur- 
ham High School; A.B. Degree, Duke University, 1935; graduated 
from Harvard Law School, LL.B. Degree, 1938. Lawyer. Member 
of the American Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar. 
President, Durham Civitan Ciub. Member of Phi Beta Kappa, 
I >uke University. Author of "Amphibious Operations", Infantry 
Journal of April, 1946. On active Federal duty from September 
16, 1940 to December 7, 1945, attaining rank of Lt. Col. in the 
Infantry. Served in General Staff Corps for a period of time. 
Received the Distinguished Service Cross, Silver Star, Bronze 
Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, Air Medal, and Purple Heart. 
Second Lieutenant in N. C. National Guard prior to September, 
1940. Methodist; Steward. Marrier Miss Mary Partin, December 
24, 1941. Two children: Katherine Leroy Edwards and Daniel K. 
Edwards, Jr. Address: 406 Buchanan Road, Durham, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 437 



STACY CLYDE EGGERS, SR. 

Stacy Clyde Eggers, Sr., Republican, Representative from Wa- 
tauga County, was born in Forest Grove, N. C, April 17, 1890. 
Son of Emsley R. and Lucinda M. (Jobnson) Eggers. Attended 
Watauga County Public Schools, 1897-1908; Cove Creek High 
School, 1909; Appalachian Training School, 1909-1912. Farmer 
and real estate broker. Taught in Public Schools of Watauga 
County, 1911 and 1912. Member Boone Chamber of Commerce. 
Chairman Board of County Commissioners, 1924-1926; Bookkeeper, 
Sheriff's office, four years; County Tax Assessor; United States 
Commissioner. Merchant. President and Secretary-Treasurer, 
Sugar Grove National Farm Loan Association; Chairman Board 
of Directors, Mountain Burley Tobacco Warehouse; Vice-presi- 
dent Board of Directors, Wilkesfcoro National Farm Loan Asso- 
ciation; Secretary-Treasurer, Boone Tobacco Board of Trade; 
Member Board of Directors, Watauga Fair Association. Mason, 
Thirty-second degree. Representative from Watauga County in 
the General Assembly of 1945. Baptist. Sunday School teacher for 
the past twenty-seven years; Moderator, Three Forks Association, 
1940-1944; Member, General Board Baptist State Convention, since 
1942. Married Miss Nora South, December 3, 1913. Four children; 
First Lieutenant E. Morris Eggers, Air Corps, killed in action; 
Christine Eggers, Principal of School in Vincentown, N. J. ; Stacy 
C. Eggers, Jr., Student, Wake Forest Law School; Margaret Eg- 
gers, Teacher in Nash County. Address: Boone, N. C. 

BRUCE ALEXANDER ELMORE 

Bruce Alexander Elmore, Democrat, Representative from Swain 
County, was born in Bryson City, N. C, November 1, 1920. Son of 
William E. and Lois M. (Hughes) Elmore. Attended Swain Coun- 
ty High, 1933-1937; Mars Hill Jr. College, 1937-1939; University 
of North Carolina, 1939-1941, A.B. Degree. Law Student in the 
School of Law, University of North Carolina, 1941-1942, 1946 
— — . Member of the Chi Phi Fraternity, Vice-president, 1941. 
Treasurer, Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina; Dist. 
Assistant Secretary, State Democratic Convention, 1946. Sergeant, 
U. S. Army, August 15, 1942-December 12, 1945. Baptist. Address: 
Bryson City, N. C. 



138 North Carolina Manual 



CLARENDON WITHERSPOOX ERVIN 

Clarendon Witherspoon Ervin, Democrat, Representative from 
Alleghany County, was born in Henry, S. C. Son of Lawrence 
Nelson and Gotea (Wilson) Ervin. A.B., Davidson College, 1905; 
B.D., Columbia Theological Seminary, 1908; post graduate sum- 
mer school, Duke University; post graduate summer school, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. Teacher. Member of Winston-Salem 
Presbytery. Member of County Welfare Board, 1925. Presbyterian. 
Pastor, Cannonviile, Patterson Mill, Whitehall, 1908-1910; Pastor, 
Mulberry, Amity Churches, 1910-1913; Evangelist, "Stokes Coun- 
ty Field", 1913-1918; Evangelist, "Alleghany County Field", 1919- 
1924; Married Miss Geasner Carson, 1905, deceased, 1919. Mar- 
ried Miss Ruth Cox, 1929. Five children : Lt. John Shorr Ervin, 
Lillie Ervin, Mrs Elisobeth Ervin Francis, Mrs. Clara Ervin 
Snowden, Miss Louise Ervin, deceased. Address: Sparta, N. C. 



WILLARD RAYMON FIELDS 

Willard Raymon Fields, Republican, Representative from Avery 
County, was born in Shell Creek, Tennessee, June 3, 1899. Son 
of Jason A. and Nancy L. (Winters) Fields. Attended High 
Schools of Elk Park, N. C. and Johnson City, Tenn., graduating 
in 1918; State Teachers College, Johnson City, Tenn.; Catawba 
College, Salisbury, N. C; Appalachian State Teachers College, 
Boone, N. C, 1938; post graduate work, University of North 
Carolina, 1942. Avery County Accountant. Teacher in Public 
Schools of this State for twenty-three years. Mason. Member 
Cranberry Lodge, No. 598, A.F.&A.M.; R. D. Keller Chapter No. 
214, Royal Arch Masons, Elizabethton, Tenn.; Holston Council 
No. 101, Royal and Select Masters; Past Patron, Order Eastern 
Star; Junior Order United American Mechanics. Present County 
Chairman of American Red Cross. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1945. Latter Day Saint. Married Miss Minnie F. Es- 
tes, 1920. Four children: Mrs. Beatrice Fields Greer, Willard R. 
Fields, Jr., killed in North Africa, 1942, Tellis J. and Carrol Faye 
Fields. Address: Elk Park, N. C. 



Gibbs of Carteret 

Gillespie of Transylvania 
Graham of Robeson 



Graham of Chowan 
Greene of Hoke 
Grier of Gaston 



Gunn of Caswell 

Gwaltney of Alexander 
Hall of Alamance 



Halstead of Camden 
Hancock of Granville 
Hardison of Craven 



Harris of Northampton 
Harris of Person 
Harris of Pamlico 



Hatch of Wake 

Hathaway of Gates 
Hayes of Forsyth 




dHf JtoA .^ ^ku 




440 North Carolina Manual 



HENRY COLEMAN FISHER 

Henry Coleman Fisher, Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was torn in Asheville, N. C, September 16, 1902. 
Son of Charles Coleman and Mary Lizzie (Lee) Fisher. Attended 
the public schools of Asheville; Biltmore High School, Biltmore, 
N. C; Asheville University Law School, 1931-1934. Attorney at 
Law. Member of the Buncombe Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar; U. S. Naval Reserve. Mason; Moose; Elks; Eagles. 
Commercial pilot, instructor's ratings; taught six classes of C.P.T., 
all ground subjects, at Biltmore College, Asheville, N. C, 1940- 
1941. U. S. Army Air Corps, January 7, 1921 to January 7, 1924; 
Corporal, flight status. U. S. Navy, April 23, 1942 to December 4, 
1945; Lieutenant, Lieutenant Commander; Commander, U.S.N.R. ; 
Naval Aviator; graduated, Pensacola Naval Air Station, August 
24, 1942. Presbyterian. Superintendent, Biltmore Baptist Church 
Sunday School, 1925-1927; Teacher Men's Bible Class, Old Fort 
Baptist Church, Old Fort, N. C, 1929-1930; Member of the All 
Souls Episcopal Church Choir, 1931-1942. Married Miss Eula Mae 
Reed, August 14, 1925. Three children: Mrs. Mary Jean Fisher 
Fowler, age 20; Henry Coleman Fisher, Jr., age 17; Charlene 
Reed Fisher, age 8. Address: 48 Montview Drive, Asheville, N. C. 



BENJAMIN EAGLES FOUNTAIN 

Benjamin Eagles Fountain, Democrat, Representative from 
Edgecombe County, was born in that county, January 17, 1897. 
Son of Almon L. and Louisa (Eagles) Fountain. Attended Edge- 
comfce County Schools ; Tarboro High School ; John Graham Pre- 
paratory School, Warrenton, 1915-1917; University North Caro- 
lina, 1917-1918; Law School, 1921-1923. Lawyer; farmer, realtor. 
Member Rocky Mount and N. C. Bar Associations. Member Board 
of Trustees, Rocky Mount City Schools, since 1934; Government 
Appeal Agent, Local Draft Board No. 2, Edgecombe County, 1940- 
1942. Served in U. S. Navy, 1918; member American Legion; 
Commander Coleman Pitt Post, 1927-1928. Presbyterian; Deacon 
since 1937; chairman Board of Deacons 1941-1942. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1943 and 1945. Married Miss Emmie 
Jane Green of Fountain Inn, S. C, June 14, 1928. Children: Ben- 



Biographical Sketches 441 

jamin Eagles, Jr., Arthur Green and Jane Bryson. Address: Rocky 
Mount, N. C. 

MARSHALL REX GASS 

Marshall Rex Gass, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, December 8, 1879. Son 
of William and Rebecca Adeline (Fox) Gass. Received his educa- 
tion at Knoxville, Tennessee. Tobacconist. Past Member and Di- 
rector of the Chamber of Commerce; Past President of the Vir- 
ginia-North Carolina Warehousemen's Association ; Vice President 
Winston-Salem Tobacco Board of Trade, 1931. Representative in 
the General Assembly 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943 and 1945. Methodist. 
Married Miss Bessie Mae Lloyd, December 24, 1912. Two children: 
Rex, Jr., and Ralph. Address: Winston-Salem, N. C. 

HENRY SYLVESTER GIBBS 

Henry Sylvester Gibbs, Democrat, Representative from Carteret 
County was born in New Bern, N. C, April 28, 1895. Son of Henry 
Len and Olier Thatch (Farrow) Gibbs. Attended Warrenton High 
School 1911-1914; University of North Carolina 1914-1915. Real 
Estate Dealer and Insurance. Mayor of Morehead City 1933-1939; 
Chairman Carteret County ABC Board 1939-1940; Member 
Morenead City Port Commission 1939-1942, Chairman, 1945 and 
1946; Member, State Ports Authority — 1945 (term of six years) ; 
Yeoman, U. S. NRF., Fifth Naval District 1917-1919. President 
North Carolina Committee on Coastal Defense 1940; President, 
Morehead City Rotary Club 1940; President, Morehead City Com- 
munity Assistance (Welfare) 1940. Memter House of Representa- 
tives 1941, 1943 and 1945. Episcopalian. Married Miss Lucille 
Leary, December 20, 1917. Two children: H. S. Gibbs, Jr., born 
January 9, 1919, and Eric Gregg Gibbs, born November 18, 1921. 
Address: Morehead City, N. C. 

MELVIN L. GILLESPIE 

Melvin L. Gillespie, Democrat, Representative from Transyl- 
vania County, was born in that County, January 31, 1906. Son of 
John Thomas and Ila Mae (Hogsed) Gillespie. Attended the pub- 
lic schools of Transylvania County. Deputy Register of Deeds. 



442 North Carolina Manual 

Register of Deeds, December, 1940 to July, 1943. (Entered Mili- 
tary Service, July, 1943). Sergeant in the Armed Forces, July 1, 
1943 to November 15, 1945. Member of Woodmen of the World; 
American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Baptist; elected 
Deacon, September, 1946. Married Miss Eva Call, October 11, 
1934. Address: Brevard, N. C. 

IPPIE P. GRAHAM 

Ippie P. Graham, Democrat, Representative from Robeson Coun- 
ty, was born in Proctorville, N. C, 1890. Son of Charles William 
and Mary (Hedgpeth) Graham. Attended Stinson Institute, 1906- 
1910; King's Business College, 1911-1912. Recorder Fairmont Dis- 
trict Court. Farmer. Proprietor of cotton gin. Member Rotary 
Club. Mayor town of Proctorville. World War, 1917-1919. Mason, 
past and present Master. Cashier Bank of Proctorville, 1913-1917: 
1920-1922. Representative in the General Assembly of 1939, 1943 
and 1945. Baptist. Sunday School Superintendent Proctorville 
Baptist Church. Married Miss Athesa Powell, October 1920. 
Tbree children: Paul, Hal, and Stennette. Address: Proctorville, 
N. C. 



JOHN WASHINGTON GRAHAM 

John Washington Graham, Democrat, Representative from 
Chowan County, was born in Hillsboro, N. C, September 3, 1908. 
Son of William A. and Anne (Shepard) Graham. Attended Eden- 
ton High School, Edenton, N. C, 1920-1924; Woodberry Forest 
School, Orange, Va., 1925-1926; A.B. Degree, University of North 
Carolina, 1930; LL.B. Degree, University of North Carolina, 
L933. Attorney-at-Law. Member of the N. C. State Bar; Secre- 
tary, District Bar, First Judicial District, 1936-1941; Prosecuting 
Attorney, Recorders Court, Chowan County, 1938-1940; Judge, 
Recorders Court, Chowan County, 1940-1942. Member of Rotary 
International. Entered U. S. Navy with rank of Lt. (j g), Novem- 
ber 23, 1942 and discharged with rank of Lt. Commander, March 
21, 1946. Episcopalian. Married Miss Dorothy Ann Cummings, 
December 8, 1945. Address: 120 W. King St., Edenton, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 443 



HARRY ALEXANDER GREENE 

Hairy Alexander Greene, Democrat, Representative from Hoke 
County, was born in Rock Hill, S. C., March 11, 1898. Son of 
James Alfred, Sr., and Mabel (Andrews) Greene. Fertilizer and 
cotton dealer. Coroner, Hoke County, 1945-1946. Presbyterian, 
Deacon, 1942 to present. Sergeant, 1917-1919 in the Army of the 
U. S.; 1st Lt., N. C. National Guard, 1923-1929. Married Miss 
Hazel Hatsell, August 14, 1937. Two children: Frances Ward 
Greene; James Worthy Greene. Address: Raeford, N. C. 

WILLIAM PRESSLEY GRIER 

William Pressley Grier, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in Crab Orchard Township, Mecklenburg Coun- 
ty, February 28, 1884. Son of John Owen and Mary Alice (Hunter) 
Grier. Attended public schools of Mecklenburg County; Bain 
Academy, 1901-1905; University of North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 
June 1909; Columbia University, New York City, 1921, 1928, 1931. 
Retired school teacher and farmer. Member of National Educa- 
tional Association, NCEA for 34 years; President of N. C. City 
School Superintendents, 1926; high school principal, Gastonia, 
from 1911-1921; City School Superintendent from 1921-1941. Char- 
ter member of Gastonia Rotary Club, President of Rotary, 1928- 
1929; delegate to International Rotary at Minneapolis, Minn., 
1928; Member of A K & A M Gastonia Lodge, #369, Worshipful 
Master, 1928; Royal Arch Face Masonary; Commandry #28, Emi- 
nent Commander, 1942; Knights of Pythias; Junior Order. Mem- 
ber of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church. Sabbath 
School Teacher, 1911 till present; Elder, 1915 till present. Mar- 
ried Miss Virginia Lucile Cross, December 27, 1911. Four chil- 
dren, two sons and two daughters. Address: 707 South York St., 
Gastonia, N. C. 

JOHNNIE OLIVER GUNN 

Johnnie Oliver Gunn, Democrat, Representative from Caswell 
County, was born in that County, December 27, 1892. Son of 
Richard Griffin and Nannie Elizabeth (Rudd) Gunn. Attended 
Public Schools of Caswell County. Farmer. Automobile, Tractor 



1 1 1 North Carolina Manual 

and Farm Equipment Dealer. Member North Carolina Automobile 
Dealer's Association; Secretary, July 1943-July 1944. Charter 
member Yanceyville Rotary Club; President July 1943-July 1944. 
Elected "First Citizen'' of Yanceyville for 1944 by the Rotary 
Club. Vice-President and Director of the Bank of Yanceyville 
since 1943. Treasurer Caswell County, 1936-1940; Chairman Sani- 
tary District Commissioners, 1942-1944; Member Department of 
Welfare since 1942; Chairman County Democratic Executive 
Committee, four years. Chairman County USO and United War 
Fund four years; Community Service Member County War Price 
and Ration Beard. Secretary and Director Caswell Development 
Company, five years, President, Yanceyville Development Com- 
pany (A Veterans Housing Project), organized January 1946. 
Chairman District Boy Scouts, Yanceyville, N. C. Mason; Cas- 
well Brotherhood Lodge, No. 11; Master, 1922-1923-1925; Secre- 
tary, 1926; Councilor Bartlett Yancey Council No. 322 J.O.U.A.M., 
1941; Recording Secretary, 1943-1944. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly from Caswell County, 1945. Methodist. Superin- 
tendent Church School, sixteen years; Chairman Board of Stew- 
ards, nine years; District Steward, eight years; Member com- 
mission Town and County Work, N. C. Methodist Conference, 
1944. Married Miss Annie W. Newman, June 3, 1930. Two chil- 
dren; Ann Newman, age 10 and Johnnie Oliver Gunn, Jr., age 7. 
Address: Yanceyville, N. C. 

MAURICE LUTHER GWALTNEY 

Maurice Luther Gwaltney, Democrat, Representative from 
Alexander County, was born in Taylorsville, N. C, March 15, 1918. 
Son of Maurice Luther and Amanda Mcintosh (Bogle) Gwaltney. 
Attended Taylorsville High School, graduating in 1935; N. C. State 
College (engineering), 1935-1936. Building Contractor. Member of 
Lee Lodge 253, Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons. Seaman, 
U. S. N. R., July 1, 1944-May 10, 1945. Presbyterian. Married, 
September 18, 1938. Two sons: John M. and Richard L.; one 
daughter, Helen Kay. Address: Taylorsville, N. C. 

JOHN LIN WOOD HALL 

John Linwood Hall, Republican, Representative from Alamance 
County, was born in Haw River, N. C, August 28, 1909. Son of 



Biographical Sketches 445 

John Andrew and Agnes (Whitesell) Hall. Attended Burlington 
City Schools; graduated from Burlington High School, 1927; 
B.S. in Business, Davidson College, 1931. Merchant. Life Scout; 
Member of Burlington Kiwanis Club; Veterans of Foreign Wars; 
American Legion; N. C. Wildlife Federation. Beta Theta Pi; 
United Commercial Travelers of America; Mu Beta Psi. Won In- 
ternational Shoe Company's Contest in sales and advertising, 
1934, 1936 and 1940. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the Ar- 
tillery of the U. S. Armed Forces, March 4, 1943; 1st Lieutenant, 
December 24, 1943; Captain, December 24, 1945; discharged, 1946. 
Presbyterian. Deacon, 1940, 1943, 1946 . Married Miss Lil- 
lian Gwynn Hall, August 17, 1935. Address: 306 Central Terrace, 
Burlington, N. C. 

WILLIAM IRA HALSTEAD 

William Ira Halstead, Democrat, Representative from Camden 
County, was born in Camden County, N. C, September 16, 1878. 
Son of Lemuel H. and Laura V. (Lamb) Halstead. Attended At- 
lantic Collegiate Institute, Elizabeth City, N. C; Wake Forest 
College; was licensed to practice law, September, 1909. Lawyer. 
Past President First District Bar; County Attorney. Mason (Past 
Master) ; Red Men (Past Sachem) ; Past President of Ruritan 
Club. Received awards for Selective Service, Civilian Defense and 
numerous activities during World War II. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1929, 1931, 1941 and 1943; State Senator 
from the First Senatorial District, Special Sessions, 1936 and 
1938, Regular Sessions 1937 and 1939. Methodist (District Lay 
Leader) ; Teacher of Bible Class. First marriage to Miss Pauline 
Jacobs, May 10, 1903 who died September 20, 1935. Second mar- 
riage to Miss Flora Ashe, Wadesboro, N. C, December, 1943. Three 
sons, William Leon, John Wiley and Lemuel Hubert; two grand- 
children: William Sidney and Mary Pauline. Address: South 
Mills, N. C. 

FRANKLIN WILLS HANCOCK III 

Franklin Wills Hancock III, Democrat, Representative from 
Granville County, was born in Oxford, N. C, June 1, 1918. Son 
of Frank, Jr. and Lucy (Landis) Hancock. Attended University 
of North Carolina, 1939; B.S. Degree in Commerce, Northwestern 



446 North Carolina Manual 

University. Realtor and Farmer. Member of Kiwanis Club; Zeta 
Psi, President, 1939; Phi Beta Kappa; Beta Gamma Sigma. Cap- 
tain, U. S. Army, February 1942-March 1946. Baptist. Married 
Miss Mary Kathryn Foerster, October 16, 1945. One son: Frank- 
lin W. Hancock IV. Address: 113 W. Front St., Oxford, N. C. 

BURL GARLAND HARDISON 

Burl Garland Hardison, Democrat, Representative from Craven 
County, was born in that County, November 14, 1901. Son of L. H. 
and Debbie (Herring) Hardison. Attended Craven County Schools. 
Farmer and Merchant. Member Craven County Democratic Exec- 
utive Committee, 1928-1938. State Gasoline Inspector, 1937-1943. 
Representative from Craven County in the General Assembly of 
1945. Mason. Member, Ionic Lodge #583; Sudan Temple, A. A.O.N. 
Mystic Shrine at New Bern, N. C. Member, Christian Church; 
Deacon. Married Miss Lillie Franks Hardison, January 22, 1922. 
Two children: Burl D. Hardison and Fannie Louise Hai'dison 
Duncan. Address: New Bern, N. C, Route 2. 

HENRY RUSSELL HARRIS 

Henry Russell Harris, Democrat, Representative from North- 
ampton County, N. C, was born and reared in Northampton 
County. Son of William Exum and Sarah (Boyce) Harris. At- 
tended Jackson School for boys and Seaboard Institute; B.A. 
Wake Forest College. Banker and Farmer. Mason. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1941, 1943 and 1945. Baptist. Mar- 
ried Miss Clara M. Stephenson. Two children: Henry Russell 
Harris, Jr., Washington, D. C, now in the Armed Forces and Miss 
M. Elizabeth Harris. Address: Seaboard, N. C. 

RALPH M. HARRIS 

Ralph M. Harris, Democrat, Representative from Pamlico 
County, was born in Oriental, N. C, February 10, 1891. Son of 
Joseph F. and Annie (Barrington) Harris. Attended the North 
Carolina Public Schools, graduating in 1908; Trinity College, 
1909, 1910. Traveling Salesman and Farmer. Member of Pamlico 
County Board of Commissioners, 1920-1932 ; Oriental School Board, 
1940-1942. Mason. Member of American Legion. Master Sgt. in 



Hester of Bladen 
Hocutt of Johnston 
Houser of Lincoln 



Hunter of Onslow 
Huskins of Yancey 
Hutchins of Madison 



Hutton of Guilford 
James of Pasquotank 
Johnstone of Davie 



Jones of Rutherford 
Kerr of Warren 

Kermon of New Hanover 



Kilpatrick of Pitt 
Malone of Franklin 
Martin of Martin 



Mai tin of Johnston 
Matheson of Iredell 
McClung of Graham 




448 North Carolina Manual 

the United States Army, 1917-1919. Methodist; Steward, Trustee 
and Lay Leader. Married Miss Bessie McPherson, December 9, 
1919. Two children. Address: Oriental, N. C. 

REGINALD LEE HARRIS 

Reginald Lee Harris, Democrat, Representative from Person 
County, was born in Roxboro, N. C, September 9, 1890. Son of 
William Henry and Rosa Lee (Jordan) Harris. Attended Virginia 
Military Institute. Chairman Person County Memorial Hospital; 
President Roxtoro Cotton Mills, President Peoples Bank; Direc- 
tor Roxboro Building and Loan Association since its organization 
in 192-']. Representative in the General Assembly of 1927, 1929, 
1931, 1933 and 1935. Speaker of the House, 1933. Member Educa- 
tional Commission, 1929-1931; Advisory Budget Commission, 1931- 
L933; Textbook Rental Commission, 1935-1943; Chairman State 
School Commission, 1941-1943; Chahman State Board of Educa- 
tion, 1943-1945. Elected Lieutenant Governor November 5, 1940. 
President, Home Economics Foundation, Woman's College of the 
University of North Carolina; Trustee University of North Caro- 
lina. President North Carolina Cotton Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion, 1946. Director, North Carolina State College Foundation; 
Director, North Carolina Textile Foundation; Director, The Busi- 
ness Foundation; Director, Cotton-Textile Institute. Delegate, 
Democratic National Convention, 1936, 1940 and 1944. Methodist. 
Rotary Club. Kappa Alpha Fraternity. Married Miss Katharine 
Long of Roxboro on December 10, 1913. Six children. Seven grand- 
children. Address: Roxboro, N. C. 

WILLIAM THOMAS HATCH 

William Thomas Hatch, Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born at Millbrook, N. C, April 1, 1905. Son of Na- 
thaniel Ward Hatch and Minnie (Thomas) Hatch. Attended Ra- 
leigh High School, 1924; Wake Forest College, LL.B. degree, 
1928. Attorney. Memter Wake County Bar Association; District 
Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; American Bar Asso- 
ciation; Member Raleigh Chamber of Commerce and the Execu- 
tives Club of Raleigh. Mason; Shriner; Member Junior Order. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943, 



Biographical Sketches 449 

1945 and two special sessions. Methodist. Married Miss Mabel 
Penney, Raleigh, N. C, June 24, 1943. Address: Wake Forest 
Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

CLARENCE PERCIVAL HATHAWAY, JR. 

Clarence Percival Hathaway, Jr., Democrat, Representative 
from Gates County, was born in Trotville, N. C. Son of Clarence 
Percival and Hattie Susan (Harrell) Hathaway. Graduated from 
Sunbury High School, Sunbury, N. C, 1934; Mars Hill College, 
1936. Bookkeeper. Member of the Ruritan Club. Entered Naval 
Service March 30, 1942 as third class petty officer; appointed 
Ensign, U. S. Navy Reserve, June 13, 1944; Separated from 
Service, November 27, 1945. Methodist; Superintendent of Sun- 
day School. Married Miss Alice Louise Payne, December 11, 1944. 
One son: Clarence Percival Hathaway III. Address: Sunbury, N. C. 

JAMES MADISON HAYES, JR. 

James Madison Hayes, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Forsyth County, was born in Chattanooga, Tenn., April 5, 1919. 
Son of James Madison and Aiine Clifford (Pace) Hayes. Grad- 
uated from Woodrow High School, Beckley, West Virginia, 1936; 
LL.B., Wake Forest College, 1940. Lawyer. Member of North 
Carolina Bar Association ; Forsyth County Bar Association ; Sec- 
retary and Treasurer Forsyth County Bar Association, 1946; Ma- 
jor, United States Marine Corps, January 5, 1941 to March 6, 
1946; Commander of Veterans of Foreign Wars Department of 
North Carolina, 1946; National Inspector General of Veterans of 
Foreign Wars, 1946. Baptist. Sunday School Teacher of Young 
Men's Class. Married Miss Thomasine Herring, March 6, 1942. 
Address: 2501 Buena Vista Rd., Winston-Salem, N. C. 

ROBERT JAMES HESTER, JR. 

Robert James Hester, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Bla- 
den County, as born in Elizabethtown, N. C, February 5, 1904. 
Son of Robert James and Rena Gaston (Melvin) Hester. Attended 
Elizabethtown High School; Wingate Junior College, 1920-1923; 
Wake Forest College, 1923-1926. Lawyer. Member North Carolina 
State Bar. Member Ninth District Bar Association and Bladen 



450 North Carolina Manual 

County Bar Association; served as President and Secretary of 
both. Mayor of Elizabethtown, 1927-1928; Judge, Bladen County 
Recorders' Court, 1928-1933; Solicitor, 1937-1938. Democratic Pre- 
cinct Chairman about eight years; Chairman, Bladen County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1939-1944; State Democratic 
Executive Committee two years. Junior Order United American 
Mechanics, Member Masonic Order. Rotary International, Past 
President Elizabethtown Club. State Senator in the General As- 
sembly of 1945. Presbyterian; President, Men's Bible Class; Dea- 
con. Married Miss Mary Pitkin Thomas, June 1, 1927. Two chil- 
dren: Robert J. Hester, 3rd, age 18. Herbert Thomas Hester, age 
4 months. Address: Elizabethtown, N. C. 

HERBERT RONALD HOCUTT 

Herbert Ronald Hocutt, Democrat, Representative from John- 
ston County, was born in Johnston County, June 6, 1905. Son of 
Thomas Bryant and Lina (Stott) Hocutt. Attended Kings Busi- 
ness College, Raleigh, N. C. Farmer and Insurance Agent. Mem- 
ber of the Society of Safety Engineers; Director of Southern 
Safety Conference 1945-1946. Member of several National Com- 
mittees. Director, North Carolina Highway Safety Department, 
1936-1945. President, Local Unit of North Carolina Farm Bureau. 
Mason. Baptist. Married Miss Annie Jean Flowers, July 21, 1932. 
Two sons. Address: Wendell, N. C, Route #1. 

CHARLES F. HOUSER 

Charles F. Houser, Democrat, Representative from Lincoln 
County, was born in that County, August 18, 1891. Son of A. A. 
and Susan (Carpenter) Houser. Attended County Free School. 
Farmer and merchant. Served in World War I, 1917 and 1918; 
rated as gunner on French 75mm. gun. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1945. Lutheran. Married Miss Edmonya 
Shuford, March 22, 1922. Two children: Helen and Charles, Jr. 
Address: Lincolnton, N. C, Route 2. 

CALVIN BRUCE HUNTER 

Calvin Bruce Hunter, Democrat, Representative from Onslow 
County, was born in Day Book, N. C, July 30, 1906. Son of Rev. 



Biographical Sketches 451 

John Wesley and Susan Elizabeth (Metcalf) Hunter. Attended 
Clearmont Graded School, 1916-1923; Clearmont High School, Day 
Book, N. C, 1923-1927; Maryville College, Maryville, Tennessee, 
1927-1928 and 1928-29; graduated from Biltmore College, Ashe- 
ville, N. C, 1930; B.S. Degree, Western Carolina Teachers Col- 
lege, Cullowhee, N. C, 1934. Teacher. Principal of Dixon High 
School, Dixon, N. C. for tenth consecutive year. Member of Rotary 
International; North Carolina Education Association; Life Mem- 
ber of the National Education Association; Onslow County School 
Masters Club (Was president for seven years). Town Commis- 
sioner of Holly Ridge, N. C, one term by appointment and one 
term by election; Town Clerk of Holly Ridge, N. C, by ap- 
pointment. Presbyterian. Married Miss Mary I. Earnheardt of 
Salisbury, N. C, April 12, 1934. Children: Betsy Lou Hunter, 
Died September 5, 1935; Calvin Bruce Hunter, Jr., two and one- 
half years old. Address: Holly Ridge, N. C. 

J. FRANK HUSKINS 

J. Frank Huskins, Democrat, Representative from Yancey 
County, was born in Toledo, N. C, February 10, 1911. Son of 
Joseph Erwin and Mary Etta (Peterson) Huskins. Attended pub- 
lic schools of Yancey County; Yancey Collegiate Institute and 
Burnsville High School, 1923-1927; Mars Hill College, 1927-1929; 
University of North Carolina, 1929-1930, A.B. Degree; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina Law School, 1930-1932; Licenced to prac- 
tice in North Carolina, August 22, 1932; admitted to practice in 
Federal Courts, 1933. Lawyer. Member, 18th District Bar Asso- 
ciation; Vice-Presirent, 1940-1941; North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion; Yancey County Bar Association. Attorney for Home Owners' 
Loan Corporation, 1933-1935. Mayor, Town of Burnsville, 1939- 
1942, resigning in middle of second term to accept commission 
in U. S. Navy. Served in United States Navy from July 10, 1942 
to February 18, 1946; Lieutenant Commander in United States 
Naval Reserve at present time. Member of the American Legion; 
Lions Club; Burnsville Men's Club. Baptist. Married Miss Mary 
Bailey, January 22, 1938. Address: Burnsville, N. C. 



452 North Carolina Manual 

JAMES HENRY HUTCHINS 

James Henry Hutchins, Republican, Representative from Madi- 
son County, was born in Mars Hill, N. C, March 4, 1889. Son of 
John Columbus and Allie (Tilson) Hutchins. Attended schools of 
Mars Hill; Mars Hill College 1906-1910; Atlanta Dental College 
1911-1914; D.D.S. Dentist and Farmer. Member North Carolina 
Dental Society; American Dental Association. President Madison 
County Men's Club 1934-1935; President Walnut High School P.-T. 
A., 1933-1940. Chairman Republican Executive Committee, Madi- 
son County 1928-1930. Member Madison County AVelfare Board and 
Chairman County Red Cross; Member Madison County Board of 
Health since 1940. Representative in the General Assembly 1929, 
1941, 1943 and 1945. State Senator from the Thirtieth Senatorial 
District 1937. Thirty-second degree Mason; Shriner, Baptist; Dea- 
con; Sunday School Superintendent 1923-1931; Moderator French 
Broad Baptist Association 1927-1929. Married Miss Bertie Edna 
Thomas, January 2, 1915. Two children: Bertie Marie (Hutch- 
ins) Roberts, and C. Howard Hutchins. Address: Marshall, N. C. 

FRANK ROBERT HUTTON 

Frank Robert Hutton, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was born in Greensboro, N. C, March 26, 1899. Son of 
Rev. James Robert and Josephine (Coble) Hutton. Attended 
Greensboro public schools; Western Maryland College; special 
courses in appraising under auspices of National Association of 
Real Estate Boards. Realtor. Member and Past President Greens- 
boro Real Estate Board; Member National Real Estate Board's 
Committee on Taxation and of the Committee on G. I. Bill; Dis- 
trict Appraiser for HOLC. Past Executive Secretary of the Re- 
valuation Board and of the Board of Equalization and Review of 
Guilford County. Co-author of Revaluation Manual for Guilford 
County, 1941. Past Scout Master and Troop Committeeman. Pri- 
vate, World War I. Mason. Methodist; past chairman Board of 
Stewards; Treasurer Board of Trustees. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1945. Married Miss Bertha L. Morgan, June 
16, 1920. Four children: Frank R. Jr., Allan H., Joseph M. and 
David J. Address, 2109 Rolling Road, Greensboro, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 453 



VERNON GRANT JAMES 

Vernon Grant James, Democrat, Representative from Pasquo- 
tank County, was born in that County, July 11, 1910. Son of John 
Calvin and Fannie Rogers (Coppersmith) James. Attended Weeks- 
ville High School, finishing in 1930; North Carolina State Col- 
lege, 1930-1931. Farmer. Owner and operator of a truck line. 
Charter member, State Four H Honor Club; President, Weeks- 
ville Vegetable Growers Association, 1943-1945. R.O.T.C, 1930- 
1931; N. C. State Guard, 40th Co., 1943-1944. Member Kiwanis 
Club; Improved Order of Red Men, Pasquotank Tribe No. 8; 
2nd Vice President, Kiwanis Club, Elizabeth City, 1947; Chairman, 
Farm Bureau Membership Drive, 1946; President of State Col- 
lege Alumni, Pasquotank and Camden unit, 1946. Representative 
from Pasquotank County in the General Assembly of 1945. Bap- 
tist; President, Young People's Bible Training Union, 1931-1933; 
Member of Finance Committee, Salem Baptist Church, 1946-1947. 
Married Miss Selma Harris, May 14, 1933. Two children: John 
Thomas and Vernon Grant James, Jr. Adrress: Elizabeth City, 
N. C, Rt. 4. 

KNOX JOHNSTONE 

Knox Johnstone, Democrat, Representative from Davie County, 
was born in Mocksville, N. C, December 23, 1900. Son of John 
Brevard and Gussie (Knox) Johnstone. Attended McCallie School, 
Chattanooga, Tenn., 1917-18-19; Graduated from Davidson Col- 
lege, 1926. Banker. Member of the Rotary Club. Kappa Sigma 
Fraternity, Davidson College; Mocksville Masonic Lodge No. 
134; Chairman, Mocksville Masonic Picnic, 1937-1946. Chairman, 
Democratic Executive Committee, Davie County, 1936-37; Chair- 
man, Group Eight North Carolina Bankers Association, 1941; 
Trustee, Uwharrie Council Trust Fund, Boy Scouts of America, 
1945-46; Chairman, War Finance Committee, Davie County, 1941- 
1946. Presbyterian. Deacon, 1937; Elder, 1938-1946. Married Miss 
Carroll Smith of Washington, D. C, August 24, 1929. Two chil- 
dren: Carroll and John Knox. Address: Mocksville, N. C. 

WOODROW WILSON JONES 

Woodrow Wilson Jones, Democrat, Representative from Ruth- 
erford County, was born in Rutherfordton, R.F.D. #3, N. C, 



454 North Carolina Manual 

January 26, 1914. Son of Bernard Bartlett and Carl Jane (Nan- 
ney) Jones. Attended Forest City and Gilkey, N. C. Grammar 
Schools, 1921-1928; Gilkey High School, 1928-1930; Rutherfordton- 
Spindale High School, 1930-1932; Mars Hill College, Mars Hill, 
N. C, 1932-1934; Wake Forest College Law School, 1934-1937, 
LL.B. Degree. Attorney At Law. Member of the North Carolina 
Bar Association; Rutherford County Bar Association, President, 
1943; 18th Judicial District Bar Association, present Secretary- 
Treasurer; Rutherfordton Kiwanis Club, President, 1943, Direc- 
tor, 1947; Rutherfordton Junior Chamber of Commerce. City At- 
torney for Rutherfordton, N. C, 1941-1943; Solicitor, Ruther- 
ford County Recorder's Court, 1941-1944. Baptist; Teacher, Barac- 
ca Sunday School Class, 1940-1944; Deacon; Teacher Young Men's 
Sunday School Class. Lieutenant (J.G.) United States Naval 
Reserve, Active duty, 1944-1946. Married Miss Rachel Elizabeth 
Phelps of Lillington, N. C, November 21, 1936. Two children: 
Woodrow Wilson Jones, Jr., age 6 years; Michael Anthony Jones, 
age 4 years. Adrress: Rutherfordton, N. C. 

ROBERT MERRITT KERMON 

Robert Merritt Kermon, Democrat, Representative from New 
Hanover County, was born in Cronly, Columbus County, N. C, 
June 1, 1893. Son of William John and Rosilia Rebecca (Robbins) 
Kermon. Attended Public Schools of New Hanover County, 1899- 
1907; New Hanover High School, 1907-1911; Mary Alderman 
Private School, one year; Wake Forest summer school, 1927; 
Wilmington Law School, 1925-1927. Lawyer. Member New Hanover 
County and State Bar Associations. Electric Meter Adjuster 
New Hanover County, 1919-1935; Member New Hanover County 
Democratic Executive Committee since 1927; State Democratic 
Executive Committee since 1927; State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, 1941. Member Boys Brigade under Colonel Walker Taylor, 
Wilmington, N. C, 1905-1917; assisted in organizing Company 
of Engineers for Mexican border trouble with Captain George 
Gallette (now Colonel). Assisted in organizing and volunteered 
services in Infantry Company and Engineers Company under 
Colonel Metts. Rejected in first World War as officer on account 
of defective vision. Passed through the chairs of Jeff Davis, Coun- 
sel of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics; elected 



McDonald of Polk 

McGlamery of Macon 
Meekins of Dare 



Memory of Randolph 
Moore of Clay 
Moore of Wilson 



Mooi'e of Scotland 

Morris of Mecklenburg 
Moseley of Guilford 



Mull of Cleveland 
Outlaw of Duplin 
Overby of Harnett 



Palmer of Haywood 
Quillin of Cumberland 
Ramsay of Rowan 



Ransdell of Wake 
Rosser of Chatham 
Royster of Vance 




456 North Carolina Manual 

Counselor in 1927. Served as a member of the State Board of 
Plumbing and Heating Examiners from 1931-1935. Served as 
Executive Secretary of North Carolina Association of Plumbing 
and Heating Contractors, Inc., since 1937. Representative from 
New Hanover County in the General Assembly of 1943. Member 
of the Loyal Order of Moose. Editor of North Carolina Plumbing 
and Heating News Since 1942. Organized and operating the Wil- 
mington Plumbing and Heating Company, January 1946 with 
son R. M. Kermon, Jr., Presbyterian. Taught Young Men's Bible 
Class for five years. Married Miss Anne Middleton Todd, Novem- 
ber 25, 1914. Two children: Robert Merritt, Jr., and Louis Todd, 
who served as Lt., U.S.N.R. and is now a medical student at the 
University of North Carolina. Address: Harbor Island, R.F.D. No. 
3, Wilmington, N. C. 

JOHN KERR, JR. 

John Kerr, Jr.. Democrat, Representative from Warren Coun- 
ty, was born in Warrenton, N. C. Son of John H. and Lillian 
(Foote) Kerr. Attended Warrenton Public Schools until 1917; 
A.B., University of North Carolina 1921 ; attended Wake Forest 
College Law School 1923. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar 
Association. Private in World War. Representative in the General 
Assembly from Edgecombe County in 1929 and from Warren 
County in 1939, 1941, 1943 and 1945; Speaker, 1943. Baptist. 
Chairman Warren County Democratic Executive Committee since 
1932. Married Miss Mary Hinton Duke. One son: John Kerr, III. 
Address: Warrenton, N. C. 

FRANK MARION KILPATRICK 

Frank Marion Kilpatrick, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Grifton, N. C, 1891. Son of Frank Marion 
and Emma (Wilson) Kilpatrick. Attended school in Grifton, 1907- 
1908; Johnson Bible College, Knoxville, Tenn., 1909-1910; Lynch- 
burg College, Lynchburg, Va. ; Southern Shorthand and Busi- 
ness College, Norfolk, Va., 1912. Farmer and Realtor. Member 
Ayden Rotary Club. Member of Pitt County Highway Commis- 
sion for several years prior to to the time the State took it over; 
Member of Board of County Commissioners, 1936-1940; Member 
of Town Aldermen from Ayden, N. C, 1942-1946. Junior Order; 



Biographical Sketches 457 

Councilor. Member of Ayden Christian Church; Deacon for about 
15 years. Married Miss Irma Cannon, 1923. Two children. Ad- 
dress: Ayden, N. C. 

EDWIN HUTCHINSON MALONE 

Edwin Hutchinson Malone, Democrat, Representative from 
Franklin County, was born in Louisburg, N. C, November 26, 
1882. Son of Dr. James Ellis and Anna Richmond (Fuller) Ma- 
lone. Attended Louisburg Female College; Louisburg Male Acad- 
emy; University of North Carolina. Attorney-at-Law. Member, 
State Bar Association; 1st President, 7th Judicial Bar; President 
of Franklin County Bar; School Committeeman; Board of Town 
Commissioners; Member of State Democratic Executive Committee 
for 30 years and Chairman of Democrat Executive Committee of 
Franklin County for 30 years. Chairman of Defense Council, 
World War II. Methodist; past District Layleader; charge of 
Layleader and Boarr of Stewards of Louisburg Methodist Church. 
Member of Board of Trustees of Louisburg College. Married Miss 
Eleanor B. Cooke, November 1, 1916. One daughter: Rose Kerney 
Malone. Address: Louisburg, N. C. 

CHARLES BRANTLEY MARTIN 

Charles Brantley Martin, Democrat, Representative from Mar- 
tin County, was born in Kenly, N. C, September 8, 1912. Son of 
Robert 0. and Pennie (Outlaw) Martin. Attended Jamesville 
Graded School, 1919-1925; Jamesville High School, 1925-1929; 
B.S., Wake Forest College, 1934. School Principal. Member N. C. 
E. A. Legislative Committee, 1941. Mayor of Jamesville, N. C, 
1932-1933. Member, Martin County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee. President of Jamesville Ruritan Club, 1947. Mason. Mem- 
ber of Modern Woodmen of America. Principal, Farm Life School, 
Martin County, 1935-1939; Pantego High School, 1940-1942. S/Sgt. 
in the . S. Army, 1943-1946. Baptist; Teacher of Men's Class, Ce- 
dar Branch Church. Married Miss Carrie Lee Roberson of Rober- 
sonville, N. C, June, 1934. One child: Penny Lee Martin. Ad- 
dress: Jamesville, N. C. 



l.'is North Carolina Manual 

GROYER ADLAI MARTIN 

G rover Adlai Martin, Democrat, Representative from Johnston 
County, was born in Yadkin County, N. C, August 21, 1892. Son 
of William Daniel and Mary (Gough) Martin. Attended Yadkin- 
ville Normal School; University North Carolina, B.A. 1915; B.L. 
1917. Lawyer. Member Johnston County Bar Association; Fourth 
District Bar Association ; North Carolina Bar Association and 
North Carolina State Bar. President Fourth District Bar Asso- 
ciation. Attorney for Town of Smithfield, 1932-1936; Member 
School Board, 1930-1944. Master Mason. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1945. Presbyterian. Married Miss Mary I. 
Currie, July 25, 1917. Five children: Catherine, William A., G. A., 
Jr., Frances, and Floyd. Address: Smithfield, N. C. 

JOHN FLOOD MATHESON 

John Flood Matheson, Democrat, Representative from Iredell 
County, was born in Cheraw, South Carolina, June 7, 1906. Son 
of Donald Stuart and Esten (Jennings) Matheson. Attended Che- 
raw High School, 1919-1923; B.S., North Carolina State, 1927. 
Textile manufacturer. Member of American Manufacturer's As- 
sociation; Cotton Textile Institute; U. S. Chamber of Commerce. 
City Councilman, 1936-1945. Member of Kappa Alpha and Phi 
Kappa Phi Fraternities. Presbyterian. Married Miss Beth David- 
son, April, 1945. One child, Mary Davidson Matheson, born April 
22, 1946. Address: Mooresville, N. C. 

RAY S. McCLUNG 

Ray S. McClung, Democrat, Representative from Graham Coun- 
ty, was born in Robbinsville, N. C. Son of Agnew and Jane (Hyde) 
McClung. Attended Robbinsville High School; University of Ten- 
nessee; Western Carolina Teachers College; North Carolina State 
College, B.S. March 7, 1941. Furniture Business. Teacher, Vets. 
Training Program, Charter Flying. Member of the Pilots Asso- 
ciation; Lions International. Mason. Member of Robbinsville 
Lodge No. 672, A.F.&A.M. Member of O.R.C. Served five years in 
the Army of the United States, Major AC, October 15, 1945. Bap- 
tist. Married Miss Mildred Roberta Phillips, March 8, 1942. One 
child: Billie Rae McClung. Address: Robbinsville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 459 

WILLIAM HOWARD McDONALD 

William Howard McDonald, Democrat, Representative from 
Polk County, was born in Rutherford County, N. C, March 20, 
1908, son of Monroe and Ada (Moore) McDonald. Attended school, 
Boiling Springs, 1925-1928; Boiling Springs Jr. College, 1928-1930; 
Wake Forest College, 1928-1932; B.A. Degree. Kappa Pi Kappa, 
Alpha Kappa Pi, and Pi Kappa Mu fraternities. Member Rotary 
International. Superintendent Southern Mercerizing Co. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1943 and 1945. Baptist. 
Married Miss Nina Hall, 1935. Address: Tryon, N. C. 

HERBERT A. McGLAMERY 

Herbert A. McGlamery, Democrat, Representative from Macon 
County, was born in Hayesville, N. C, January 28, 1908. Son of 
Ben A. and Ida Bell (Herbert) McGlamery. Attended Hayesville 
High School, 1915-1927; Cecil's Business College, Asheville, N. C. 
Merchant. Member of the Town Board of Aldermen, Hayesville, N. 
C, 1934-1935; District Ranger's Clerk, U. S. Forest Service, 
1937-1940; District Purchasing Agent, Nantahala Power & Light 
Company, 1941-1944. Baptist; Deacon and Sunday School Teacher. 
Married Miss Carrie Hope Johnston, August 1, 1929. One daugh- 
ter. Address: Franklin, N. C. 

THEODORE STOCKTON MEEKINS 

Theodore Stockton Meekins, Democrat, Representative from 
Dare County, was born in Rodanthe, N. C, May 21, 1870. Son of 
Luke Mark and Elizabeth Emily (Douglas) Meekins. Attended 
common scnools of Dare County six months and private school 
four months. Realtor and Insurance Agent. Member North Caro- 
lina Association of Insurance Agents. Justice of the Peace, 1896- 
1898; Clerk Superior Court, Dare County, 1898-1907; Fish Com- 
missioner, 1907-1911; U. S. Migratory Game Inspector for Vir- 
ginia, W. Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, 
1914-1918; Assistant Fisheries Commissioner, 1918-1924; Commis- 
sioner Town of Manteo, 1927-1929; member Dare County Board 
of Education, 1931-1933. Surfman U. S. Coast Guard, 1890-1898. 
Mason, member, Wanchese Lodge No. 521 since June, 1896. Rep- 



460 North Carolina Manual 

resentative from Dan County in the General Assembly of 1945. 
Methodist; Steward Mount Olivet Church, Manteo, for fifteen 
years; District Steward, two years; Trustee, fifteen years. Mar- 
ried Miss Rosa P. Midgett, June 6, 1896. Five children: Ernest E., 
Percy W., Alma Allen, Theodore S., Jr., and Gaston Lee Meekins. 
Address: Manteo, N. C. 



JASPER IRVIN MEMORY 

Jasper Irvin Memory, Democrat, Representative from Ran- 
dolph County, was born in Cumberland County, November 6, 1902. 
Son of W. G. and Flora (McLean) Memory. Attended Buies Creek 
School, 1931-1933; Campbell Junior College, 1934-1935; Wake For- 
est, 1936. Minister. President, Randolph Ministerial Association; 
President, Randleman Ministerial Association; Scout Commissioner 
for Randolph County. Member of Balfour Masonic Lodge, Chap- 
lain, 1944; Scottish Rite Mason, Thirty-second Degree, Orator for 
Scottish Rite Class, 1945; Greensboro Consitory. Member of Lions 
Club, "Key Member," Officer, Executive Committee. Baptist. Mar- 
ried Miss Marjorie Louise Whittington, October 13, 1935. Three 
children. Address: Randleman, N. C. 

HARVE M. MOORE 

Harve M. Moore, Democrat, Representative from Clay County, 
was bom in Hayesville, Clay County, N. C, February 4, 1887. Son 
of T. C. and Callie (Caldwell) Moore. Attended Hayesville schools, 
1906-1909; Tennessee Summer School, 1910-1911; N. C. Summer 
Schools, 1912-1939; Cullowhee Teachers College, 1940, Class A. 
Teachers Elementary Certificate. Teacher and Farmer. County 
Commissioner, 1930-1934; 1938-1946. Member of the Junior Order 
United American Mechanics. R. S. Secty., 1915-1946; Member 
Board Trustees, Lexington Orphans Home, Lexington, N. C, 1946. 
Methodist; Superintendent and Teacher in Sunday School, 1940- 
1946. Married Delta Arthur Moore, Benton, Tenn., 1910. Children: 
seven living, two deceased. Address: Hayesville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 461 

LARRY ICHABOD MOORE, JR. 

Larry Ichabod Moore, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Wilson 
County, was born in Greenville, N. C, January 26, 1904. Son of 
Larry I. and Ella (King) Moore. Attended New Bern Public 
Schools 1910-1920; University of North Carolina, A.B. course 
1920-1922; B.S. course 1922-1924; Law 1924-1926. Lawyer, Farmer, 
and Dairyman. Solicitor Wilson County General County Court 
1929-1934. Representative in the General Assembly of 1939, 1941, 
1943 and 1945. County Attorney, Wilson County since 1943; Past 
President, Second Judicial District Bar Association; served 8 years 
as Director, General Alumni Association of the University of 
North Carolina and several years as President of Wilson County 
Alumni Association ; member Beta Theta Pi Social Fraternity and 
Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Member Farm Bureau, State 
Grange, N. C. Guernsey Breeders Association, and N. C. Jersey Cat- 
tle Club; Mason, (Past Master); Royal Arch Mason, (Past High 
Priest), Mt. Lebanon Council, No. 13, Royal and Select Masters 
(Illustrious Master) ; Knights Templar (Past Commander) ; 
Shriner, President Wilson County Shrine Club; Member of Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks (Exalted Ruler 1941-1942, 
Wilson Lodge No. 840, Honorary Life Member). Married Miss 
Grace Thompson February 7, 1946. One daughter Grace Thompson 
Moore born November 26, 1946. Address: Wilson, N. C. 

ODUS L. MOORE 

Odus L. Moore, Democrat, Representative from Scotland County, 
was born in Cleveland County, N. C, November 8, 1885. Son of 
John F. and Susan (Holland) Moore. Attended Boiling Springs 
High School, 1902-1904; Wake Forest College, A.B., 1908. Publishei' 
of Laurinburg Exchange. Past President Laurinburg Rotary Club; 
President, Laurinburg Chamber of Commerce. Member Board of 
Trustees of Scotland County Memorial Hospital. Representative in 
the General Assembly from Scotland County, 1939, 1941, 1943 and 
1945. Baptist. Teacher Men's Bible Class. Married Miss Sue Par- 
ker. Three children: O. L. Moore, Jr., Salisbury, N. C. ; John H. 
Moore, Laurinburg, N. C, and Mary Sue Moore, Greensboro, N. C. 
Address: Laurinburg, N. C. 

HARVEY MORRIS 

Harvey Morris, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Charlotte, N. C, September 18, 1887. Son of 



M'>_ North Carolina Manual 

P. R. and Pinky Lee (Berryhill) Morris. Finished Charlotte 
Schools in 1905. Dairy Farmer. Member of Mecklenburg County 
Welfare Board, 1936-1938; Board of County Commissioners, 1938- 
1940; National Guard, 1905-1908. Mason; Elks. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1945. Presbyterian. Married Miss Iris 
Owen. Three children. Address: Charlotte, N. C. Route No. 6. 

ROBERT FRANKLIN MOSELEY 

Robert Franklin Moseley, Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in Sampson County, N. C, February 10, 
1891. Son of Franklin Faison and Rowena (Royall) Moseley. At- 
tended Clinton Public Schools. A.B., University North Carolina, 
1919; University Law School. Lawyer. Member, The American Bar 
Association, North Carolina Bar Association, North Carolina State 
Bar, Greensboro Bar Association Assistant City Attorney and City 
Attorney, Greensboro, 1925-1927. Chairman, Guilford County Board 
of Elections, 1930. Member, Greensboro School Board, 1930-1941. 
U. S. Army, 1917-1919; Discharged as 1st Lieut. Infantry. Captain, 
16th Co., N. C. State Guard, 1941. Member American Legion. Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly, 1943 and 1945. Chairman, 
North Carolina Commission on Statutory Revision, 1943-1945. 
Chairman, The General Statutes Commission, 1945. Married Miss 
Frank Hays, 1929. One child: Robert Franklin Moseley, Jr. Ad- 
dress: Greensboro, N. C. 

OTIS M. MULL 

Otis M. Mull, Democrat, Representative from Cleveland County,- 
was born in that county, September 18, 1880. Son of Houston and 
Margaret (Carpenter) Mull. Attended Belwood Institute, 1892- 
1896; Piedmont High School, 1896-1898; Wake Forest College, 
1899-1902; A.B.; Law School, 1902-1903, LL.B. Lawyer, Textile 
Manufacturer. Attorney for Cleveland County Board of Education; 
Attorney for the City of Shelby for fifteen years. Member of the 
House of Representatives 1907, 1919, 1929, 1939 and 1941; Speaker, 
1941. Author of Mull — McCoin Bill, first law authorizing State and 
County co-operation in Road building, 1919; secured passage of 
bill establishing vocational education in North Carolina, 1919; 



Scott of Beaufort 
Seymour of Lee 

Shallington of Tyrrell 



Shore of Yadkin 
Shi-eve of Guilford 

Shuford of Buncombe 



Sims of Mecklenburg 
Smith of Union 
Snow of Surry 



Snyder of Davidson 
Spruill of Bertie 

Stone of Rockingham 



Stoney of Burke 
Storey of Wilkes 
Taylor of Stokes 



Taylor of Buncombe 
Taylor of Wayne 

Tompkins of Jackson 




4(54 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Chairman, 1928-1932. Baptist. Deacon. Sunday 
School Superintendent. Trustee, North Carolina Baptist Hospital. 
Trustee, Shelby Hospital. Trustee, Wake Forest College and in- 
strumental in establishing Bowman Gray School of Medicine of 
Wake Forest College at Winston-Salem. At present teaching a class 
of young men. Married Miss Pallen McBrayer, June 12, 1907. One 
daughter: Montrose (Mrs. Earl Meacham). Address: Shelby, N. C. 

LEWIS WRIGHT OUTLAW 

Lewis Wright Outlaw, Democrat, Representative from Duplin 
County, was born near Outlaws Bridge, Albertson Township, Dup- 
lin County, December 15, 1891. Son of Joseph Benjamin and Emma 
(Simmons) Outlaw. Attended Outlaws School, 1897-1910; received 
diploma in bookkeeping course at Kings Business School, Raleigh, 
N. C, 1912. Farmer. Private Battery A, 113th Field Artillery, 30th 
Division, May 16, 1918, until mustered out March 28, 1919. Mem- 
ber of Duplin County AAA Committee about 6 years; served as 
chairman of the Board of Directors of the Tri County Electric 
Membership Corporation since set up; Supervisor in Southeastern 
Soil Conservation District consisting of Wayne, Lenoir, Sampson 
and Duplin Counties; President of the Coastal Plain Association 
of Conservation District Supervisors, organized May, 1946. Ad- 
dress: Seven Springs, N. C, Route #1. 

ALLISON L. OVERBY 

Allison L. Overby, Democrat, Representative from Harnett 
County, was born in that county. Son of Mack and Julia (Williams) 
Overby. Attended County Public Schools six years and Angier High 
School for two years; took several business courses and Telegra- 
phy. Merchant. Mayor of Angier, 1911-1912; Commissioner, 1943- 
1944. Mason. Scottish Rite, Shriner; Junior Order. Representative 
from Harnett County in the General Assembly of 1945. Baptist. 
Married to Miss Louise Tart of Oliver, Georgia, June 23, 1920. 
Two daughters: Mary Lois Overby Lobban, and Anne, age 15. Ad- 
dress: Angier, N. C. 

GLENN C. PALMER 

Glenn C. Palmer, Democrat, Representative from Haywood 
County, was born in Cataloochee, N. C, January 26, 1889. Son of 



Biographical Sketches 465 

William A. and Milia (Caldwell) Palmer. Attended Waynesville 
High School 1907-1908. Graduated at Weaverville College, 1910. 
Taught school three years, 1911-1913. Assisted father as Sheriff 
and Tax Collector of Haywood County for eight years. Chairman, 
Haywood County Board of Education, 1916-1924. Member County 
Board of Commissioners, 1936-1938. Representative from Haywood 
County, 1939, 1941, 1943, and 1945. Member of the Board of Trus- 
tees of Western Carolina Teachers College since May 1939. Mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors of the First National Bank of 
Waynesville, N. C, since January 1940. Member of the Advisory 
Council of the United States Employment Service at Waynesville, 
N. C, since January 1942. Director of Farmers Federation since 
November 1942. Member Board of Trustees of Haywood County 
Library Association since January 1944. Member of the Board of 
Trustees of the University of North Carolina. Farmer and Dairy- 
man. Methodist. Member Board of Stewards and Church Trustee, 
since 1916. Married Miss Fannie Ferguson, December 22, 1914. 
Four children: W. Riley, Asheville, N. C, Mrs. Emily Ferguson 
Nesbitt. Route 1, Clyde, N. C, Joe H. Route 1, Clyde, N. C, and 
G. C. Palmer, Jr., Clyde, N. C, Route 1. Address: Clyde, N. C, 
Route No. 1. 

GEORGE SIMMS QUILLIN 

George Simms Quillin, Democrat, Representative from Cumber- 
land County, was born in Norfolk, Virginia, January 26, 1897. Son 
of Willie C. and Mary Elizabeth (Perkins) Quillin. Attended Spen- 
cer High School, 1913; Salisbury High School, 1914; Wake Forest 
College, 1914-1918, B.A. Degree; Wake Forest Law College, 1921. 
Attorney. Member of the Cumberland County Bar Association; 
North Carolina Bar. City Attorney, City of Fayetteville, 1931- 
1933, 1937-1941; Solicitor, County Recorder's Court, 1934-1936; 
Chairman, Cumberland County Library Commission, 1946. Member 
of the Lions Club; Vice-President, Fayettville Lions Club, 1945- 
1946; Served in the United States Navy, 1918-1922; Lieutenant, 
United States Naval Reserve, 1932-1941; assisted in organizing 
North Carolina Selective Service, 1940; placed on inactive status as 
Lieutenant Commander, 1941. Member of American Legion; Com- 
mander, Cumberland Post No. 3, 1928; District Commander, 10th 
District. Baptist. Married Miss Miriam Virginia Rufnn of Ral- 



466 North Carolina Manual 

eig-h, N. C, September 1, 1927. One daughter: Helen Davis Quil- 
lin, age 13 years. Address: 912 Hay Street, Fayetteville, N. C. 

KERR CRAIGE RAMSAY 

Kerr Craige Ramsay, Democrat, Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in Salisbury, N. C, July 23, 1911. Son of John E. 
and Elizabeth Erwin (Craige) Ramsay. Graduated from Salisbury 
High School 1927. A.B., University of North Carolina, 1931; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Law School, 1931-1932; Yale University 
Law School, 1932-1934; LL.B., Yale University, 1934. Lawyer. 
Member Rowan County, Forsyth County, N. C, and American Bar 
Associations. President, Salisbury Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
1939-1940. Trustee and Secretary Rowan Memorial Hospital since 
1937. Rotarian. Phi Beta Kappa; Sigma Nu. Member House of 
Representatives 1941, 1943 and 1945. Rowan County Attorney since 
1943. Presbyterian; Deacon since 1936. Married Miss Eleanor 
Walton Newman, June 26, 1940. One daughter: Eleanor Newman 
Ramsay born March 26, 1941. Address: Salisbury, N. C. 

NEROS FRANKLIN RANSDELL 

Neros Franklin Ransdell, Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born in Franklin County, N. C, September 19, 1903. 
Son of William C. and Mary (Dixon) Ransdell. Attended Sandhill 
Farm Life School, 1923-1927; Mars Hill College and Wake Forest 
College; Wake Forest Law School, 1932-1933. President, Euthalian 
Literary Society, Mars Hill College, 1929; awarded improvement 
medal, 1928; Debater's medal, 1929 and Commencement Debater's 
medal. 1929. Inter-Collegiate Debater, 1928-1929. Delegate from 
Wake County to National Farm Bureau Organization in Chicago, 
111., 1944. Lawyer. Member Wake County Bar Association and 
North Carolina State Bar Association. Solicitor Fuquay Springs 
Recorder's Court, 1934-1944. Representative from Wake County in 
the General Assembly of 1945. Member Raleigh Elks Club No. 735; 
Fuquay-Varina Lions Club. Presbyterian. One daughter: Sylvia 
Nan Ransdell. Address: Varina, N. C. 

LANDON COATS ROSSER 

^ Landon Coats Rosser, Democrat, Representative from Chatham 
County, was born in Chatham County, N. C, October 6, 1894. Son 



Biographical Sketches 467 

of James L. and Emma Susan (Hackney) Rosser. Attended the 
Broadway, N. C. High School, 1911-1915; B.S. in Engineering, 
North Carolina State College, 1915. Farmer. Sheriff, Lee County, 
1920-1926. Mason. Member of American Legion. Second Lieutenant 
and First Lieutenant August 15, 1917-May 12, 1919; Captain, 
March 9, 1934-September 9, 1939; Major, Lieutenant Colonel and 
Colonel, January 14, 1941-December 14, 1946; awarded Army 
Commendation Ribbon for Service as Post Executive, Fort Bragg, 
N. C, March 1, 1941-March 31, 1946. Methodist. Married Miss 
Hilda Gorrell, June, 1933. One daughter: Ann Hackney Rosser, 
age five years. Address: Mt. Vernon Springs, N. C. 

FRED STOVALL ROYSTER 

Fred Stovall Royster, Democrat, Representative from Vance 
County, was born in Dabney, N. C, December 31, 1908. Son of John 
Stovall and Alvada (Green) Royster. Attended Henderson High 
School, 1921-1925; Duke University. Tobacconist and Farmer. 
President, Bright Belt Warehouse Association, 1945-1946; Presi- 
dent, Middle Belt Warehouse Association, 1944-1946; Chairman, 
Flue-Cured Tobacco Marketing Committee, 1946; Member North 
Carolina Tobacco Advisory Council, 1946. Member Henderson Ro- 
tary Club; Henderson Lodge 1681, B. P. O. E.; Mason. Chairman, 
Vance County Board of Elections, 1934-1936. President, Henderson 
Chamber of Commerce, 1946. Representative in the General As- 
sembly from Vance County, 1945. Methodist; Chairman, Board of 
Stewards, 1937-1946. Married Miss Launah Parker of Mooresville, 
N. C, January 4, 1942. Address: Henderson, N. C. 

LEROY SCOTT 

LeRoy Scott, Democrat, Representative from Beaufort County, 
was born in Washington, N. C, October 20, 1909. Son of Lawrence 
M. and Sina (Whitford) Scott. Attended Aurora High School, 
1920-1921; Washington High School, September, 1922-June, 1927; 
LL.B., Wake Forest College, June, 1931; U. S. Naval Indoctrina- 
tion School at Dartmouth College, November, 1942-February, 1943; 
Naval Intelligence School at Washington, D. C, October 1, 1942- 
November 1, 1942. Attorney at Law. Member of the Elks Club; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; Junior Chamber of 
Commerce. U. S. Conciliation Commissioner under the Frazier 



Ids North Carolina Manual 

Lempke Farm Bankruptcy Act. Lieutenant Commander in the 
U. S. Naval Eeserve. Entered service October 1, 1942 and honor- 
ably discharged at San Francisco on November 1, 1945. Vice-Pres- 
ident, DVL. Fraternity at Wake Forest College; Vice-President of 
the Euzelian Literary Society; Student Council. Episcopalian. Mar- 
ried Miss Arlene K. White. Address: Washington, N. C. 

WOODROW WILSON SEYMOUR 

Woodrow Wilson Seymour, Democrat, Representative from Lee 
County, was born in Sanford, N. C, June 2, 1912. Son of Kenneth 
E. and Carrie E, (Bowers) Seymour. Attended Sanford Graded 
School, 1918-1926; Sanford High School, 1926-1929; Graduated 
from Davidson College with B.S. Degree, 1933; Duke University 
Law School, 1933-1934; University of North Carolina Law School, 
1934-1936. Lawyer. Member of the North Carolina Bar, Inc.; 
Fourth District Bar; Lee County Bar. Prosecuting Attorney, Lee 
County Court, 1938-1942. Member of Pi Kappa Phi— Social ; Scab- 
bard and Blade — Military; Junior Order United American Me- 
chanics, District Counsellor, 1946; Lions Club of Sanford, N. C, 
President, 1941. Lt. Colonel in the U. S. Army, January 9, 1942- 
April 8, 1946. Presbyterian. Chairman of Board of Deacons; Su- 
perintendent of Sunday School. Married Miss Helen Taylor Floyd 
of Lumberton, N. C, April 8, 1939. Two daughters: Helen Anne 
Seymour and Jane Floyd Seymour. Address: 14 Hillcrest Drive, 
Sanford, N. C. 

THOMAS WILLIAM SHALLINGTON 

Thomas William Shallington, Republican, Representative from 
Tyrrell County, was born in Columbia, N. C, April 21, 1919. Son 
of Tom B. and Kate A. (Healy) Shallington. Attended Bolton 
Grammar School, 1925-1932; Hallsboro High School, 1932-1936; 
North Carolina State College, 1936-1940, Majoring in Animal Hus- 
bandry. Farmer. Alpha Lambda Tau Fraternity. Entered United 
States Army in 1940 as Second Lieutenant, Infantry; served over 
seas 2^2 years; Discharged from the Army 1945, with rank of Lieu- 
tenant Colonel. Methodist. Address: Columbia, North Carolina. 



Biographical Sketches 469 



HENRY SHORE 

Henry Shore, Republican, Representative from Yadkin County, 
was born in Wilkes County, N. C, April 22, 1901. Son of Houston 
and Martha (Armstrong) Shore. Attended the Public Schools of 
Yadkin County. Farmer. Baptist. Address: Jonesville, N. C, 
Route No. 1. 

CLYDE ALLISON SHREVE 

Clyde Allison Shreve, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was born in Rockingham County, N. C, June 25, 1908. Son 
of J. A. and Bessie D. (Lester) Shreve. Attended Bethany High 
School, Rockingham County, 1923-1927; University North Caro- 
lina, 1928-1931; Woodrow Wilson College of Law, Atlanta, Ga., 
LL.B., 1935. Lawyer. Member State Bar; N. C. State Grange; N. C. 
State Farm Bureau; A. F. & A. M., Stokesdale Lodge No. 428; Jr. 
O. U. A. M., Summerfield Council No. 174; State Vice Councillor, 
1942-1943; State Councillor, Jr. 0. U. A. M., 1943-1944; Deputy 
National Councillor, 1945 ; Representative from Guilford County 
in the General Assembly of 1943. Baptist. Married Miss Ruth Ma- 
rie Doggett, December 27, 1933. One son: Clyde Allison Shreve, Jr. 
Address: Stokesdale, N. C. 

GEORGE ADAM SHUFORD 

George Adam Shuford, Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Asheville, N. C, September 5, 1895. 
Son of George A. and Julia E. (Dean) Shuford. Attended Ashe- 
ville Schools and graduated from High School, 1913; University 
of North Carolina; LL.B., University of Georgia, 1917. Lawyer. 
Member Buncombe County Bar Association, President, 1940; North 
Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association. Chairman 
Buncombe County Board of Elections, 1940-1942. Attended first 
Officer's Training Camp in Georgia, May 1917; commissioned 2nd 
Lieutenant Infantry, August 1917; assigned to 119th Infantry, 
30th Division, November, 1917 and Commissioned 1st Lieutenant, 
January 1918. Served in United States and France; discharged at 
Camp Jackson, 1919. Sigma Alpha Epsilon; Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. Representative from Buncombe County in The 
General Assembly of 1945. Episcopalian. Married Miss Daphne 



470 North Carolina Manual 

Brown, April 23, 1932. Children: Sydney Herbert, age 13 years; 
Elizabeth Dean, age 11 years and Fuller Adams Shuford, age 9 
years. Address: 10 White Oak Road, Biltmore Forest, Asheville, 
North Carolina. 

FRANK KNIGHT SIMS, JR. 

Frank Knight Sims, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Meck- 
lenburg County, was born in Mobile, Alabama, May 14, 1901. Son of 
Dr. F. K. and Mary (McBryde) Sims. Attended High School, Dal- 
ton, Georgia, 1914-1918; Presbyterian College of S. C, 1918-1919; 
Oglethorpe University, 1919-1921, A.B. Degree; Wake Forest Col- 
lege. Lawyer. Member American Bar; N. C. Bar and Mecklenburg 
County Bar Associations. Judge, City Court, Charlotte, 1937-1941. 
Commissioned a Lieutenant in the U. S. Naval Reserve, November 
5, 1942. Representative in the General Assembly of 1943. Presby- 
terian. Married Miss Marian McCamy, December 15, 1927. Ad- 
dress: Charlotte, N. C. 

HENRY BASCOM SMITH 

Henry Bascom Smith, Democrat, Representative from Union 
County, was born in Union County, N. C, April 22, 1901. Son of 
M. M. and Laura Dona (Price) Smith. Attended the Unionville 
Public School; Monroe City High School, graduating, 1922; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina and Wake Forest College, 1929; Secured 
License as Attorney, 1929. Attorney at Law. Member of North 
Carolina State Bar; Vice-President of Thirteenth Judicial District 
Bar, 1946; Assistant Judge of County Court, 1930-1932; Prosecut- 
ing Attorney, 1932-1946. Mason. Member of Lions Club; President 
of Monroe Lions Club, July 1, 1946- June 30, 1947. Methodist; 
member of Board of Stewards; Board of Trustees. Married Miss 
Marguerite Brown, June 1, 1933. Three children: Henry B. Smith, 
Jr., Margaret Ann Smith, William Lowrie Smith. Address: 209 
South Church Street, Monroe, N. C. 

GEORGE KEY SNOW 

George Key Snow, Democrat, Representative from Surry County, 
was born in Surry County, N. C, May 5, 1891. Son of Joseph Ax- 
som and Cora Elizabeth (Key) Snow. Attended Trinity Park 



Tonissen of Mecklenburg 
U instead of Orange 

Underwood of Hertford 



Uzzell of Rowan 

VanderLinden of Catawba 
Vogler of Mecklenburg 



Wallace of Lenoir 

Wallace of Montgomery 
West of Cherokee 



Whitfield of Pender 

Williamson of Brunswick 
Wilson of Caldwell 



Winslow of Perquimans 
Worthington of Pitt 

Annie Cooper — Principal Clerk 




472 North Carolina Manual 

School, Durham, N. C, 1909-1910; Trinity College, 1910-1911; 
1915-1917. Lawyer. Member of the North Carolina State Bar; 
North Carolina Bar Association. Postmaster, Mount Airy, N. C, 
1920, 1924; Asst. Director Civilian Defense April 16, 1942 to April 
15, 1944. State Salvage Manager War Production Board, April 
1944 to October, 1945. Commander, North Carolina Department of 
The American Legion, 1944-1945. Knights of Pythias, Chancellor 
Commander, 1924; Member of Kiwanis Club, Mount Airy, N. C. 
Served in the U. S. Army, May 2, 1917-August 7, 1919; Second 
Lt., September, 1917; First Lt., November, 1919; Captain, Feb- 
ruary, 1919. Methodist; Steward for last 25 years. Married Miss 
Tula Nina Waller, September 15, 1919. One son: George K. Snow, 
Jr., born January 25, 1933. Address: 146 West Lebanon Street, 
Mount Airy, N. C. 

JAMES EUGENE SNYDER 

James Eugene Snyder, Republican, Representative from David- 
son County, was born in Lexington, N. C, September 9, 1911. Son 
of C. A. and Sallie Frances (Myers) Snyder. Graduated from 
Reeds High School, 1928; B.S. Degree, Wake Forest College, 1932; 
Attended Wake Forest College Law School, 1935-1938, LL.B. De- 
gree in 1938. Legal and Personnel Director, Coble Dairv Products, 
Inc. Member North Carolina and Davidson County Bar. Member 
of Gamma Eta Gamma Legal Fraternity in Wake Forest College. 
Practicing Attorney in Lexington from 1938-1942; Chief Clerk, 
Davidson County Local Board No. 1, Selective Service, from 1942- 
1944; Associated with Coble Dairy Products, Inc., since 1944. Mem- 
ber Lexington Civitan Club. Baptist. Assistant Teacher, W T ide 
Awake Bible Class. Married Miss Sarah Frances Olive, June 7, 
1941. Two children: Jean Olive Snyder, age 3; James Eugene 
Snyder, Jr., age 1. Address: 408 W. 3rd Avenue, Lexington, N. C. 

CHARLES WAYLAND SPRUILL 

Charles Wayland Spruill, Democrat, Representative from Bertie 
County, was born at Quitsna, April 6, 1889. Son of Charles Way- 
land and Annie E. (Tadlock) Spruill. Attended Oak Ridge Insti- 
tute, 1904-1906; State College 1908-1909. Merchant, farmer and 
manufacturer. Member Bertie County Road Commission, 1920-1921, 



Biographical Sketches 473 

1925-1930. Chairman Snake Bite Township. Trustee, Republican 
High School and Lewiston-Woodville High School. President Lewis- 
ton Telephone Co.; Vice President, Bank of Roxobel; Director, 
Harrington Manufacturing Co. Member of State Planning Board. 
Member of Mental Hospital Board of Control; Executive Board of 
State Hospital. Chairman of Appeal Board No. 1. Shriner and 
Junior Order. Member of the Windsor Rotary Club; Chamber of 
Commerce; Senator, 1939. Member House of Representatives, 1933, 
1935, 1937, and 1945. Baptist. Married Miss Ruth Bazemore, No- 
vember 26, 1913. Two children: Hanah Ruth and H. B. Spruill. 
Address: Windsor, N. C. 

TH03IAS CLARENCE STONE 

Thomas Clarence Stone, Democrat, Representative from Rocking- 
ham County, was born in Stoneville, January 19, 1899. Son of the 
late Robert Tyler and Mary (Hamlin) Stone. Attended Stoneville 
High School and graduated in 1914. Graduated at Davidson College 
in 1919 with B.S. Degree. Secretary and Treasurer of Stoneville 
Grocery Company (Wholesale Groceries) and operator of own in- 
surance agency. Formerly Town Commissioner and Mayor of 
Stoneville. Member N. C. Unemployment Compensation Commis- 
sion. Joined S.A.T.C. at Davidson College in October 1918; Dis- 
charged 1918; Supply Sergeant in R.O.T.C. at Davidson College. 
Business Manager of Davidsonian while at Davidson College. Past 
President of the Rockingham County Clubs of Young Democrats 
and has been a member of the Rockingham County Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1935, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943 and 1945. Member Advisory Budget 
Commission. Presbyterian; Deacon. Married Miss Jane Kane, of 
Gate City, August 25, 1925. One daughter: Mary Frances Stone, 
18 years of age. Address: Stoneville, N. C. 

ANDREW BURNET STONEY 

Andrew Burnet Stoney, Democrat, Representative from Burke 
County, was horn in Camden, S. C, December 15, 1892. Son of Rev. 
James Moss and Jennie (Shannon) Stoney. Attended Graded 
School, Camden, S. C, and High School, 1899-1910; A.B., University 
of South Carolina, 1914; Law School, 1914-1915; Harvard Law 
School, 1915-1917. Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity. Ensign, U. S. 



474 North Carolina Manual 

Navy, 1917-1918; Lieutenant 1918-1919. Burke Post No. 21, Ameri- 
can Legion. Mason, Shriner, Junior Order United American Me- 
chanics. Mimosa Golf Club; Mimosa Fishing Club. President, Mor- 
ganton Kiwanis Club, 1942. General Insurance Business. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1941, 1943 and 1945. Episco- 
palian; Vestryman since 1938. Married Mrs. Mary Wilson Kistler, 
August 15, 1938. Step-children: Mrs. Mary Kistler Craven; 
Charles E. Kistler, Jr., and Andrew M. Kistler, II. Address: Mor- 
ganton, N. C. 

THOMAS EDGAR STORY 

Thomas Edgar Story, Republican, Representative from Wilkes 
County, was born in Blowing Rock, N. C. Son of Joshua Clingman 
and Martha Ann (Day) Story. Attended Watauga County Schools, 
1896-1904; Appalachian Training School, Boone, N. C, 1905-1909; 
Trinity College, 1909-1910 University of North Carolina, 1910- 
1913; A.B., 1913; M.A., 1919 Wake Forest Law School, 1933. 
Teacher and High School Principal, 1913-1939; President, Wilkes 
County Teachers Association, 1927-1933; President, High School 
Principals, N. C. Educational Association, 1924; Vice President, 
Northwest Division of the N. C. Educational Association, 1931 and 
1932; President, Northwest District Teachers Association, 1938- 
1939; Life Member National Education Association since 1925; 
Vice President, Wilkesboro Building and Loan Association, 1932- 
1939; Town Clerk, Trinity, N. C, 1922-1924; Elected Dry Delegate 
for Wilkes County, November 7, 1933. Lawyer. Member, Wilkes 
County and Seventeenth Judicial District Bar Associations. Junior 
Order United American Mechanics, Councillor, 1923-1924 ; Knights 
of Pythias; Chancellor Commander, 1928-1929; Mason, Master 
Lodge, 1936 and 1942; Worthy Patron, Order Eastern Star, 1939- 
1940; Master, Wilkesboro Subordinate Grange 1936-1938; Master, 
Wilkes Pomona Grange 1938 ; Secretary, Kiwanis Club, 1932-1947 ; 
Chairman of Wilkesboro Scout Troop Committee No. 32, 1932- 
1940; Vice Chairman of Wilkes Scout District, 1941-1943. Secre- 
tary, Wilkes County Republican Executive Committee, 1944-1947. 
Member of Appeals Panel War Man Power Commission, 1944. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1941, 1943 and 1945. 
Baptist; Secretary, Board of Deacons, 1925-1940; Sunday School 
Superintendent, 1927-1947. Moderator, Brushy Mountain Associa- 
tion 1934-1947. Married Miss Mary Clarissa Downs, September 3, 



Biographical Sketches 475 

1918. Three children: Thomas Edgar, Jr., Donald Downs and Wil- 
liam Robert. Address: Wilkesboro, N. C. 

JOSEPH JOHN TAYLOR 

Joseph John Taylor, Democrat, Representative from Stokes 
County, was born in Danbury, N. C, July 30, 1898. Son of James 
Spotswood and Nellie (Moon) Taylor. Attended Public and Pri- 
vate Schools in Stokes County; Guilford College; Eastman's Busi- 
ness School, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Former Sheriff and Treasurer of 
Stokes County. Member of Friends Church. Married Miss Kathleen 
Simpson, deceased. Two children: Angela Spotswood Taylor and 
Nellie Louise Taylor. Address: Danbury, N. C. 

ROY ARTHUR TAYLOR 

Roy Arthur Taylor, Democrat, Representative from Buncombe 
County, was born in Vader, Washington, January 31, 1910. Son of 
Arthur A. and Lola (Morgan) Taylor. Attended Candler Elemen- 
tary School, 1916-1923; Candler High School, 1913-1927; Biltmore 
College, Asheville, N. C, 1927 to June 1929; Maryville College, 
Maryville, Tenn., September 1929-June 1931, A.B. Degree; Ashe- 
ville University Law School, January 1934-January 1936. Lawyer. 
Admitted to Bar, January 1936. Member of Buncombe County Bar 
Association; North Carolina State Bar. Member of Junior Order 
United American Mechanics, District Deputy State Governor, 1940 
and 1941; Lions Club, President Black Mountain Lions Club, 1943; 
President Black Mountain Chamber of Commerce at present time. 
United States Naval Reserve, November 1943 to March 1946; Dis- 
charged with rank of Lieutenant; Served as Executive Officer and 
Commanding Officer of LST and participated in invasions on Lu- 
zon and at Okinawa. Baptist, Sunday School Superintendent, 1935- 
1943; Deacon from 1937 to date. Married Miss Evelyn Reeves, May 
8, 1932. Two children: Alan F. Taylor, age 5; Toni R. Taylor, age 
4. Address: Black Mountain, N. C. 

WALTER FRANK TAYLOR 

Walter Frank Taylor, Democrat, Representative from Wayne 
County, was born in Duplin County, N. C, April 4, 1889. Son of 



470 North Carolina Manual 

Luther and Ettie (Crow) Taylor. Attended Faison Male Academy; 
University of North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 1911; LL.B. Degree, 
1914. Lawyer. Member The American Bar Association; The N. C. 
State Bar; Wayne County Bar. President, N. C. Bar Association, 
1943-1944. Member of Goldsboro Kiwanis Club; B. P. 0. Elks; Phi 
Beta Kappa Alpha; Golden Fleece. Member of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the University of North Carolina and of the North Caro- 
lina College at Durham. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1921; Representative from Wayne County, 1939, 1941, 1943 and 
1945. Member State Board of Law Examiners and of the Re-Codi- 
fication Commission, 1941-1943; Chairman, Motor Transportation 
Commission, appointed by Governor Cherry to study and recom- 
mend changes in the laws relating to Motor Vehicle Transporta- 
tion ; Member of Insurance Commission from 1943 to 1945 for Re- 
vision of Insurance Laws and re-appointed by Governor Cherry to 
serve from 1945 to 1947. Member of the Board of Aldermen of the 
City of Goldsboro for six years. Methodist; Member, Board of 
Stewards for several years and Chairman of the Finance Commit- 
tee for the past several years. Married Miss Elizabeth Gibson, De- 
cember 16, 1933. One child: Katherine Patterson Taylor, age, nine 
years. Address: Goldsboro, N. C. 

DANIEL DEAN TOMPKINS 

Daniel Dean Tompkins, Democrat, Representative fi-om Jackson 
County, was born in Webster, N. C, August 15, 1890. Son of Dr. 
William F. and Annie Harrison (Luck) Tompkins. Attended 
Waynesville High School, 1899-1907; Wake Forest College, 1908- 
1909. Newspaper Columnist serving weekly press through national 
syndicate. President, Sylva Chamber of Commerce, 1925-1926, 
1931-1932, 1939-1940. Mayor of Sylva, 1919-1931. Member, Ameri- 
can Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Enlisted July 17, 1917, in 
Radio Company, N.C.N, G. Sergeant, Headquarters Detachment, 
105th Field Signal Battalion, 30th Division, August 25, 1917 to 
April 22, 1919. Overseas service, May 27, 1918 to April 11, 1919. 
Member Unaka Lodge 358, A.F.&A.M.; Junior Warden, 1924-1925; 
Senior Warden, 1925-1926; Master, 1927-1928 and 1929-1931. Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly of 1933, 1939 and 1943 ; Read- 
ing Clerk, House of Representatives, Special Session, 1936; Regu- 



Biographical Sketches 477 

lar Session, 1937; Special Session, 1938. Methodist. Married Miss 
Emily Hill Weigle, June 23, 1931. Address: Sylva, N. C. 

EDWARD THEODORE TONISSEN 

Edward Theodore Tonissen, Democrat, Representative from 
Mecklenburg County, was born in New York, N. Y. Son of John 
Garrett and Julia (Reiners) Tonissen. Attended Dickson High 
School, Jersey City, N. J., and Eagan's Business College, New 
York. Salesman, Vice President, Consolidated Cork Corporation, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. Member Charlotte Boxing Commission, 1925; Ex- 
pert North Carolina R. R., 1933-1937. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1935 1941,, 1943 and 1945 Mason; Shriner; Scot- 
tish Rite; Lutheran Married Miss Elva C Risk November 15 1922 
Address: Charlotte, N. C. 

JOHN WESLEY UMSTEAD, JR. 

John Wesley Umstead, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Orange County, was born in Mangum Township, Durham County, 
April 7, 1889. Son of John Wesley and Lula (Lunsford) Umstead. 
Attended Public Schools of Durham County. Entered University 
of North Carolina in September, 1905 and graduated with the 
Class of 1909. Director, General Alumni Association of the Uni- 
veisity of North Carolina since 1921. Trustee and Member of Ex- 
ecutive Committee of the Greater University of North Carolina; 
Member of Executive Committee of Hospitals Board of Control; 
Chairman of Commission on Merit System for Teachers. State 
Senator from the Sixteenth Senatorial District, 1931, 1939. Mem- 
ber of House of Representatives from Orange County in 1941, 1943 
and 1945. Mason; Elk; Grange. Methodist. Married Sallie Hunter 
Reade of Person County, January 20, 1914. Three children living: 
Frank Graham Umstead, Sarah Elizabeth Umstead, and Anne 
Reade Umstead. A son, John Wesley Umstead, III, Captain in U.S. 
Marine Corps, was killed in action on Saipan Island, June 14, 1944. 
Manager Durham Branch Office of Jefferson Standard Life In- 
surance Company. Add: ess: Chapel Hill, N. C. 



Irs North Carolina Manual 

ROBERT HAROLD UNDERWOOD 

Robert H. Underwood, Democrat, Representative from Hertford 
County, was born in Murfreesboro, N. C, August 22, 1890. Son of 
John W. and Florence A. (Payne) Underwood. Service Station Op- 
erator. Commissioner of Murfreesboro, 1925-1936. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1937, 1939 and 1941. Mason. Baptist. 
Married Miss Theodosia Ernest Vaughan, December 12, 1915. Ad- 
dress: Murfreesboro, N. C. 

GEORGE RANDOLPH UZZELL 

George Randolph Uzzell, Democrat, Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in Salisbury, November 23, 1903. Son of Harry 
M. and Geneva (Wright) Uzzell. Attended Salisbury Graded 
Schools 1910-1915; Raleigh Graded Schools 1915-1919; Salisbury 
High School 1919-1821; Davidson College 1921-1923 Wake Forest 
College 1924-1926; Passed State Bar Examination, January 25, 
1926. Lawyer. President, Rowan County Bar Association. Civitan. 
Knights of Pythias; D.O.K.K., Suez Temple, No. 73; Winona Coun- 
cil No. 18, Jr. O.U.A.M.; Kappa Sigma, Wake Forest College. 
Chancellor Commander, Salisbury-Rowan No. 100, Knights of 
Pythias, 1927-1929 Woodman of the World; Patriotic Order, Sons 
of America; Past President of Washington Camp No. 24; North 
Carolina Bar Association; Rowan County Bar Association. Chair- 
man, Democratic Judicial Committee of 15th Judicial District. 
Member, State Democratic Platform Committee. Member of House 
of Representatives of 1931, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943 and 1945. 
Baptist Deacon 1929; Teacher of Men's Bible Class for past 15 
years. Moderator of First Baptist Church. Married on November 
23, 1934, to Miss Ruth Harrison of Spencer, N. C. Two children: 
Betty Ruth, born April 11, 1938. and George Randolph Uzzell, Jr., 
born May 9, 1944. Address: Salisburg, N. C. 

WILLIAM HARRISON VANDERLINDEN, JR. 

William Harrison VanderLinden, Jr., Democrat, Representative 
from Catawba County, was born in Hendersonville, N. C, April 
2, 1917. Son of Dr. W. H. and Floride Bowden (Morris) Vander- 
Linden. Attended Hendersonville High School, 1929-1930; Valdese 



Biographical Sketches 479 

High School, 1930-1933; A.B. Degree, Lenoir Rhyne College, 1937. 
Contractor. Member of Reserve Officers Association of the United 
States. Inducted in the Army as a private, August 21, 1941 ; Pro- 
moted to Staff Sergeant, March 1942, 117th Infantry, 30th Divi- 
sion; Commissioned 2nd Lt., July 6, 1942, Infantry School, Fort 
Benning, Ga. ; Assigned to 96th Infantry Division at Camp Adair, 
Oregon; Promoted to 1st Lieutenant, November, J 942; Capta'n, 
June, 1943. Separated from Service in December, 1945. Promoted 
to Major in the Reserve in September, 1946. Received Commission 
as First Lieutenant in State Guard, August, 19^6. Member, Amer- 
ican Legion Veterans of Foreign Wars; Elks. Post Commander, 
Barb-Hammond-Smith Post 1957, Veterans of Foreign Wars; Jun- 
ior Vice Commander, Department of N. C, Veterans of Foreign 
Wars. Presbyterian. Address: 330-15th Avenue, Hickory, N. C. 

JAMES B. VOGLER 

James B. Vogler, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Charlotte, N. C, April 13, 1895. Son of the 
late James A. Vogler and Susan Caroline (Alexander) Vogler. 
Attended the Public Schools of the City of Charlotte and Beard's 
Military Institute. Served as Secretary for the North Carolina 
Food and Grocery Distributors Code Authority during the NRA, 
and Organized North Carolina under the National Recovery Ad- 
ministration for the food and grocery industry. Director of the 
National Association of Retail Grocer Secretaries Association; 
Chairman of the Fair Trade Council of the City of Charlotte; Pres- 
ident of the Mecklenburg County Food Trades Council. President 
of the Charlotte Chapter of American War Dads. In January of 
1942 was appointed by His Excellency, Governor J. Melville 
Broughton, as Director of the War Production Board Salvage Ac- 
tivities in North Carolina and served in this capacity until March 
15, 1944. Executive Secretary and Manager of the North Carolina 
Food Dealers Association and Editor of the Carolina Food Dealer. 
Methodist. Chairman of the Board of Stewards of the Brevard 
Street Methodist Church, 1934-1935. Served in the General Assem- 
bly in the 1936 Special Session; 1937 Session; was a member and 
Chairman of the Committee on Manufacturers and Labor in the 
1939 Session and in the 1941 Session was Chairman on Counties, 
Cities and Towns; in the 1945 Session served as Chairman of the 



Ii-'O North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Putlic Welfare: was the Author of House Bill No. 
815 introduced by Bost of Cabarrus, Vogler of Mecklenburg and 
Rudisill of Gaston, establishing the North Carolina Vocational 
Textile School. Married Miss Lillian Raymelle Ketchie, June 12, 
1916. Three children: James Brevard Vogler, Jr., Student at Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill ; John T. Vogler of Char- 
lotte and Dorothy C. Vogler of Charlotte. Address: 2011 Crescent 
Avenue, Charlotte, N. C. 



FITZHUGH ERNEST WALLACE 

Fitzhugh Ernest Wallace, Democrat, Representative from Le- 
noir County, was born in Wallace, N. C, December 14, 1889. Son 
of David Hugh and Mary Charlotte (Ellsworth) Wallace. Attended 
Davidson College two years; University of North Carolina three 
years, class of 1911; Law School, University of North Carolina. 
Lawyer. Past President, North Carolina Bar Association and 
Member, American Bar Association. Served as Member, Council, 
The North Carolina State Bar, 1933-1938. Representative in the 
General Assembly from Lenoir County, 1939, 1941, 1943 and 1945. 
Mason. Shriner. Elk. Member Kappa Sigma Fraternity. Presby- 
terian. Married Miss Erwin Carter (Wallace), November 10, 1915. 
Four children: F. E. Wallace, Jr., Erwin C. Wallace, now Mrs. 
James M. Parrott, Jr., of Kinston, N. C, Hennie Greene Wallace, 
now Mrs. George H. Adams of Wilson, N. C, and William Carter 
Wallace. Address: 306 West Washington Street, Kinston, N. C. 



JOSEPH PAUL WALLACE 

Joseph Paul Wallace, Democrat, Representative from Montgom- 
ery County, was born in Troy, N. C, October 29, 1905. Son of 
James Rufus and Abbie Lou (Wooley) Wallace. Graduated from 
Troy High School, 1925. Automobile Dealer and Service Station 
Operator. Past President of Young Democratic Club of Mont- 
gomery County; Past President of Troy Rotary Club; President of 
Troy Merchants Association; Chairman of Board of Commissioners 
of the Town of Troy, 1940-1942. Methodist; Church Treasurer, 
1940-1944. Mason. Senator from the Eighteenth Senatorial Dis- 
trict in the General Assembly of 1943; Representative in the Gen- 



Biographical Sketches 481 

eral Assembly of 1945. Married Miss Miriam Rebecca McKenzie 
December 25, 1934. Three children. Address: Troy, N. C. 

DAVID BRUCE WEST 

David Bruce West, Republican, Representative from Cherokee 
County, was born in Andrews, N. C, September 9, 1885. Son of 
Charles and Martha (Wetherman) West. Farmer. Member of the 
Andrews Chamber of Commerce. Baptist; Deacon. Married Miss 
Nina Ensley, September 14, 1904. Eleven children. Address: An- 
drews, N. C. 

JAMES VIVIAN WHITFIELD 

James Vivian Whitfield, Democrat, Representative from Pender 
County, was born in Seven Springs, N. C, July 23, 1894. Son of 
James Alexander and Helen Vivian (Powers) Whitfield. Attended 
Wallace High School; Horner Military School, Oxford, N. C, 
1909-1911; A.B., University North Carolina, 1915; M.A., 1919. 
Farmer. Captain in Reserve Corps of the Army, 1915-1917; Com- 
mandant Horner Military School, 1915-1917; Military Instructor, 
University North Carolina, 1917-1918. Member, United States For- 
eign Service, 1919-1927; served at Montevideo, Uruguay; Bahia 
Blanca, Argentina; Havana, Cuba; Matanzas, Cuba and Monterey, 
Mexico. Representative in the General Assembly from Pender 
County, 1945. Baptist. One child: John Whitfield. Married Mrs. 
Vivian Bartlet Stevens March 2, 1946. Address: Burgaw, N. C. 

ODELL WILLIAMSON 

Odell Williamson, Democrat, Representative from Brunswick 
County, was born in Ash, N. C, November 19, 1919. Son of John 
Bun and Love Williamson. Graduated from Waccamaw High 
School. Automobile Dealer. Methodist. Captain, Field Artillery, 
U. S. Army, April 29, 1942-October 31, 1945. Married Virginia 
Alma Williamson, November 24, 1940. Address: Shallotte, N. C. 

MAX C. WILSON 

Max C. Wilson, Democrat, Representative from Caldwell County, 
was born in Burnsville, N. C, July 3, 1904. Son of H. T. and Se- 



482 North Carolina Manual 

villa (Blankenship) Wilson. Attended Charlotte University, 1922- 
1924; Wake Forest College, 1924-1925; Duke University, 1925- 
L930; A.R., 1930; LL.B., 1930. Lawyer. Member, Caldwell County 
Bar Association, North Carolina and American Bar Associations. 
Solicitor, Caldwell County Recorder's Court, 1934-1940 Chairman, 
Caldwell County Democratic Executive Committee, 1940-1946. Ma- 
son. Knights of Pythias. Loyal Order of Moose, B.O.O.E., I.O.O.F., 
Sigma Nu, Sigma Nu Phi (Legal Fraternity). State Senator in 
the General Assembly of 1943. Methodist. Married Miss Flossie 
Pulliam, August 7, 1934. Two children: Sevilla Ann, age eight, 
and Max C, Jr., age five. Address: Lenoir, N. C. 

EDWARD LEIGH WINSLOW 

Edward Leigh Winslow, Democrat, Representative from Per- 
quimans County, was born April 13, 1889 at Winfall, N. C. Son 
of Dr. Charles Cook and Martha Gordon (Leigh) Winslow. At- 
tended Hertford High School; North Carolina State College, 1905- 
1910. B.E., 1910. Oil Jobber, Farmer, Civil Engineer. Member of 
North Carolina Society of Engineers; Rotary Club; Director, Ply- 
mouth Country Club. Episcopalian. Senior Warden, 10 years; Ves- 
try, 10 years. Married Miss Maureen Christine McManus, April 
17, 1920. Two children: Edward Leigh Winslow, Jr., and John Mc- 
Manus Winslow. Address: Hertford, N. C. 

SAMUEL OTIS WORTHINGTON 

Samuel Otis Worthington, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Winterville, N. C, January 24, 1898. Son of 
Samuel G. and Lydia Campbell (Smith) Worthington. Attended 
Rural Schools, 1905-1912; Winterville High School, 1912 to 1917; 
University of North Carolina, two years of academic work and 
two years of law, fall of 1917 through summer of 1921. Attorney. 
Served in the Naval Unit of the S.A.T.C. at the University from 
about September 1, 1918, to some time in November, 1918. Served 
in N. C. State Guard October, 1943 to October, 1944. Representa- 
tive from Pitt County in the General Assembly of 1939, 1941, 1943 
and 1945. Member Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. Grand Chan- 
cellor of the Order of Knights of Pythias in the State of North 
Carolina from June, 1930 to July, 1931. Supreme Representative 



Biographical Sketches 483 

from Domain of North Carolina to Supreme Lodge Knights of 
Pythias, 1938-1948. Episcopalian. Married Miss Bessie Harrison, 
April 29, 1926. Two children: Lina Hackett Worthington, age 
seventeen; Samuel Otis Worthington, Jr., age eleven. Address: 
Greenville, N. C. 



OCCUPATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 1947 



LAWYERS 

Allsbrook, J. It. 
Barber, Wade 
Barnhardt, Luther E. 
Brown, Wade E. 
Chaffin, L. M. 
Corey, Arthur B. 
Fountain, Lawrence H. 
Garriss, Garland S. 
Horton, Hugh G. 
Johnson, Rivers D. 
Jones, Baxter C. 
Kesler, John C. 
Lennon, Alton A. 
Lumpkin, W. L. 
McKinnon, H. A. 
McLaughlin, John R. 
Medford, William 
.Mintz, R. I. 
Moss, O. B. 
Parker, Frank M. 
Powell, J. K. 
Richardson, O. L. 
Rodman, John C. 
Roper, Sheldon M. 
Simms, R. N., Jr. 
Smith, W. Erskine 
Ward, D. L. 
Whitaker, R. A. 
Williams, Lafayette 

FARMERS 

Ferguson, Mrs. R. S. 
Jenkins, Chas. H. 
Watkins, John S. 



Senate 

White, W. W. 

AUCTIONEER 

Penny, George T. 

AUTOMOBILE DEALERS 

Jenkins, Chas. H. 
Jones, R. P. 

BANKERS 

Bason, S. M. 
Harmon, Roy A. 

BUILDING & LOAN 

Currie, Claude 

CONTRACTORS 

Blythe, Joe L. 

FERTILIZER 

MANUFACTURER 

Wallace, Lawrence H. 

HOMEMAKER 

Ferguson, Mrs. R. S. 

INSURANCE 

Bason, S. M. 
Jones, R. P. 
Midgett, Lorimer W. 
O'Berry, Thomas 



Occupations 



485 



MANUFACTURERS 

Blythe, Joe L. 
Cole, John W. 
Currie, Wilbur H. 
Rankin, Rufus G. 
Webb, James 



MERCHANTS 

Bason, S. M. 
Jones, Robert P. 



PUBLISHERS 

Gray, Gordon 
Weathers, Lee B. 



REALTORS 

Bason, S. M. 
Penny, George T. 

THEATRE OWNER 

Clement, Verne P. 

TOBACCONISTS 

Jones, Robert P. 
Wallace, Lawrence H. 
Watkins, John S. 

TOWN OFFICIAL 

Clement, Verne P. 

WAREHOUSEMAN 

Jones, Robert P. 



House of Representatives 



LAWYERS 

Alexander, H. Q. 
Allen, Arch T. 
Barker, Oscar G. 
Bell, C. L. 
Bender, R. P. 
Blackwell, Thomas W., 
Bost, E. T., Jr. 
Branch, Joseph 
Chambers, W. C. 
Crissman, Walter E. 
Dellinger, David P. 
Edwards, Daniel K. 
Fisher, H. C. 
Fountain, Ben E. 
Graham, J. W. 
Halstead, W. I. 
Hatch, William T. 
Hayes, James M., Jr. 



Jr. 



Hester, R. J., Jr. 
Huskins, J. F. 
Jones, W. W. 
Kermon, R. M. 
Kerr, John, Jr. 
Malone, E. H. 
Martin, G. A. 
Moore, Larry I. 
Moseley, R. F. 
Mull, 6. M. 
Pearsall, Thos. J. 
Quillin, G. S. 
Ramsay, Kerr Craige 
Ransdell, N. F. 
Rodman, J. C. 
Scott, LeRoy 
Seymour, W. W. 
Shreve, C. A. 
Shuford, George A. 
Simms, Frank K., Jr. 



486 



North Carolina Manual 



Smith, H. B. 
Snow, George K. 
Snyder, James E. 
Story, Thomas E. 
Taylor, Roy A. 
Taylor, W. Frank 
Uzzell, George R. 
Wallace, F. E. 
Wilson, Max C. 
Worthington, Sam 0. 

FARMERS 

Boswood, G. C. 
Buie, J. P. 
Burgin, L. L. 
Bynum, T. C. 
Edwards, Alonzo C. 
Eggers, S. C., Sr. 
Fountain, Ben E. 
Graham, I. P. 
Grier, William P. 
Gunn, J no. O. 
Hancock, Franklin W., Ill 
Hardison, Burl G. 
Harris, Henry R. 
Harris, Ralph M. 
Hocutt, H. Ronald 
Houser, Chas. F. 
Hutchins, J. H., Dr. 
Kilpatrick, Frank M. 
Morris, Harvey 
Outlaw, Lewis Wright 
Palmer, Glenn C. 
Pearsall, Thos. J. 
Rosser, L. C. 
Royster, Fred S. 
Shallington, Thomas W. 
Shore, Henry 
Spruill, C. Wayland 



West, David B. 
Whitfield, James V. 
Winslow, Edward L. 

ACCOUNTANTS 

Fields, W. R. 

AUTOMOBILE DEALERS 

Blalock, U. B. 
Gunn, Jno. O. 
Wallace, J. P. 
Williamson, Odell 

BANKERS 

Harris, H. R. 
Johnstone, Knox 

BOOKKEEPERS 

Hathaway, C. P., Jr. 

BUILDING CONTRACTORS 

Gwaltney, M. L. 

BUILDING & LOAN 

Harris, R. L. 

CAFE OPERATORS 

Baldwin, H. T., Jr. 

CIVIL ENGINEERS 

Winslow, Edward L/ 

CONTRACTORS 

Vander Linden, William H., Jr. 

COUNTY OFFICIALS 

Gillespie, Melvin L. 
Taylor, Joseph J. 



Occupations 



487 



DAIRYMEN 

Moore, H. M. 
Palmer, Glenn C. 

DENTISTS 

Hutchins, J. H. 

FERTILIZER DEALERS 

Bynum, T. C. 
Greene, H. A. 

FREEZER LOCKER 

PLANT OWNERS 

Clifton, D. H. 

FURNITURE 

McClung, R. S. 

GINNERS 

Graham, I. P. 

INSURANCE 

Burleson, Jeter C. 
Clifton, D. H. 
Gibbs, H. S. 
Hocutt, H. Ronald 
Meekins, Theo. S. 
Stone, T. Clarence 
Stoney, A. B. 
U instead, John W., Jr. 

LAW STUDENT 

Elmore, B. A. 



MANUFACTURERS 

Harris, R. L. 
McDonald, William H. 
Spruill, C. Wayland 

MERCHANTS 

Avant, H. G. 
Blevins, J. O. 
Boswood, Gideon C. 
Clifton, D. H. 
Eggers, S. C, Sr. 
Hall, John L. 
Hardison, Burl G. 
Houser, Chas. F. 
McGlamery, H. A. 
Overby, Allison L. 
Pearsall, Thos. J. 
Spruill, C. Wayland 
Stone, T. Clarence 
Vogler, James B. 

MINISTERS 

Memory, J. I. 

NEWSPAPERMEN 

Tompkins, Dan 

OIL JOBBERS 

Winslow, Edward L. 

PERSONNEL DIRECTORS 

Snyder, James E. 



LUMBERMEN 

Burleson, Jeter C. 



PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 

Avant, H. G. 



1SS 



North Carolina Manual 



PLUMBING & HEATING 
CONTRACTORS 

Kei'mon, R. M. 

PUBLISHERS 

Blue, H. Clifton 



REALTORS 

Eggers, S. C, Sr. 
Fountain, Ben. E. 
Gibbs, H. S. 

Hancock, Franklin W., Ill 
Hutton, Frank R. 
Kilpatrick. Frank M. 
Meekins, Theo. S. 



TAX CONSULTANTS 

Blackwell, Thomas W., Jr. 

TEACHERS 

Darden, John W. 
Ervin, C. W. 
Grier, William P. 
Hunter, Calvin B. 
Martin, C. B. 
Moore, H. M. 

TEXTILES 

Matheson, J. F. 
Mull, 0. M. 



SALESMEN 

Barker, Raymond C, Jr. 
Harris, R. M. 
Tonissen, Ed. T. 

SERVICE STATION 
OPERATORS 

Baldwin, H. T., Jr. 
Underwood, Robert H. 
Wallace, J. P. 



TOBACCONIST 

Gass, Rex 
Royster, Fred S. 



TOBACCO WAREHOUSEMEN 

Bynum, T. C. 

TRUCK LINE OWNERS 

James, Vernon G. 



PART VIII 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 

President Harry S. Truman, Missouri 

The Cabinet 

Secretary of State George C. Marshall, Pennsylvania 

Secretary of the Treasury John W. Snyder, Missouri 

Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson, New York 

Attorney General Tom C. Clark, Texas 

Postmaster General Robert E. Hannegan, Missouri 

Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal, New York 

Secretary of the Interior Julius A. Krug, Wisconsin 

Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P. Anderson, New Mexico 

Secretary of Commerce W. Averell Harriman, New York 

Secretary of Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach, Washington 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATORS AND 
REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

Senators 

Clyde R. Hoey Shelby 

William B. Umstead Durham 

Representatives 

First District Herbert C. Bonner Washington 

Second District John H. Kerr Warrenton 

Third District Graham A. Barden New Bern 

Fourth District Harold D. Cooley Nashville 

Fitth District John H. Folger Mount Airy 

Sixth District Carl T. Durham Chapel Hill 

Seventh District... J. Bayard Clark Fayetteville 

Eighth District C. B. Deane Rockingham 

Ninth District R. L. Doughton Laurel Springs 

Tenth District Hamilton C. Jones Charlotte 

Eleventh District A. L. Bulwinkle Gastonia 

Twelfth District Monroe M. Redden Hendersonvillt 

UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT 

Fred M. Vinson Chief Justice Kentucky 

Harold H. Burton Associate Justice Ohio 

Hugo L. Black Associate Justice Alabama 

Stanley F. Reed Associate Justice Kentucky 

Felix Frankfurter Associate Justice Massachusetts 

William O. Douglas Associate Justice Connecticut 

Frank Murphy Associate Justice Michigan 

Robert H. Jackson Associate Justice New York 

Wiley B. Rutledge Associate Justice Iowa 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS IN NORTH CAROLINA 

Judces 

Eastern District Don L. Gilliam Tarboro 

Middle District J. J. Hayes Wjlkesboro 

Western District E. Y. Webb Shelby 



£92 North Carolina Manual 



Clerks 

Eastern District A. Hand James Raleigh 

Middle District Henry Reynolds Greensboro 

Western District Oscar L. McClurd Asheville 

District Attorneys 

Eastern District John Hall Manning Raleigh 

Middle District Bryce R. Holt Greensboro 

Western District D. E. Henderson Charlotte 

UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS 

For the Fourth Circuit 
Judge John J. Parker Charlotte 



STATE GOVERNMENT 

President of the Senate L. Y. Ballentine Wake 

Speaker of the House of 
Representatives Thomas J. Pearsall Nash 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Governor R. Gregg Cherry Gaston 

Lieutenant-Governor L. Y. Ballentine Wake 

Secretary of State *Thad Eure Hertford 

Auditor *Henry L. Bridges Guilforc 1 

Treasurer *Charles M. Johnson Pender 

Superintendent of Public 

Instruction *Clyde A. Erwin Rutherford 

Attorney-General Harry McMullan Beaufort 

Commissioner of Agriculture *W. Kerr Scott Alamance 

Commissioner of Labor * Forrest H. Shuford Guilford 

Commissioner of Insurance *William P. Hodges Martin 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 

Justices of the Supreme Court 

Chief Justice W. P. Stacy *Raleigh 

Associate Justice Michael Schenck *Raleigh 

Associate Justice W. A. Devin 'Raleigh 

Associate Justice M. V. Barnhill * Raleigh 

Associate Justice J. Wallace Winborne *Raleigh 

Associate Justice A. A. F. Seawell *Raleigh 

Associate Justice E. B. Denny Raleigh 

Librarian Dillard S. Gardner Raleigh 

Marshal Dillard S. Gardner Raleigh 

Clerk Adrian J. Newton Raleigh 

Reporter John M. Strong Raleigh 

Judges of Superior Court 

First District Chester R. Morris Currituck 

Second District W. J. Bone Nashville 

Third District R. Hunt Parker Roanoke Rapids 

Fourth District Clawson L. Williams Sanford 

Fifth District J. Paul Frizzelle Snow Hill 

Sixth District Henry L. Stevens, Jr Warsaw 

Seventh District W. C. Harris Raleigh 

Eighth District J. J. Burney Wilmington 

Ninth District Q. K. Nimocks, Jr Fayetteville 

Tenth District Leo Carr Burlington 

Eleventh District J. H. Clement Walkertown 

Twelfth District H. Hoyle Sink Greensboro 

Thirteenth District F. D. Phillips Rockingham 

Fourteenth District William H. Bobbitt Charlotte 

Fifteenth District Frank M. Armstrong Troy 

Sixteenth District Wilson Warlick Newton 

Seventeenth District J. A. Rousseau N. Wilkesboro 

Eighteenth District J. W. Pless, Jr Marion 

Nineteenth District Zeb V. Nettles Asheville 

Twentieth District Felix E. Alley Waynesvillt 

Twenty-first District Allen H. Gwyn ..." Reidsvilh 

* Constitute the Council of State (Attorney-General is the legal adviser of the 
Executive Department). 
♦Official (not legal) residences. 



494 North Carolina Manual 

Special Judges 

W. H. S. Burgwyn Woodland 

Paul B. Edmundson Goldsboro 

Luther Hamilton Morehead City 

Charles L. Coggin Salisbury 

George B. Patton Franklin 

George A. Shuford Asheville 

Emergency Judges 

G. V. Cowper Kinston 

H. A. Grady New Bern 

Solicitors 

First District John W. Graham Edenton 

Second District George M. Fountain Tarboro 

Third District E. R. Tyler Roxobel 

Fourth District W. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Fifth District D. M. Clark Greenville 

Sixth District J. Abner Barker Roseboro 

Seventh District William Y. Bickett ...Raleigh 

Eighth District Clifton L. Moore Burgaw 

Ninth District F. Ertel Carlyle Lumberton 

Tenth District William H. Murdock Durham 

Eleventh District \ Waiter E. Johnston, Jr. Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District Charles T. Hagan, Jr. Greensboro 

Thirteenth District M. G. Boyette Carthage 

Fourteenth District Basil L. Whitener .Gastonia 

Fifteenth District John R. McLaughlin Statesville 

Sixteenth District James C. Farthing Lenoir 

Seventeenth District Avalon E. Hall Yadkinville 

Eighteenth District C. O. Ridings Forest City 

Nineteenth District W. K. McLean Asheville 

Twentieth District Dan K. Moore .' Sylva 

Twenty-first District Ralph J. Scott Danbury 

HEADS OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS, BOARDS 
AND COMMISSIONS 

Adjutant General J. Van B. Metts New Hanover 

Department of Agriculture W. Kerr Scott. Commissioner Alamance 

Board of Alcoholic Control Carl L. Williamson, Chairman Wake 

State Department of 

Archives find History Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director Wake 

Art Society Lucy Cherry Crisp, Executive Secretary ... WaW' 

Banking Department Gurney P. Hood. Commissioner Wayne 

Commission for the Blind H. A. Wood, Executive Secretary Lincoln 

Budget Bureau R. G. Deyton, Assistant Director Yancey 

Buildings and Grounds George B. Cherry, Superintendent Wake 

Department of Conservation 

and Development R. Bruce Etheridge, Director Dare 

Board of Correction and 

Training S. E. Leonard, Commissioner Edgecombe 

State Board of Education Paul Reid, Controller Surry 

State Board of Elections R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary Wake 

Employment Security 

Commission Henry E. Kendall. Chairman Cleveland 

State Employment Service Ernest C. McCracken, Director Haywood 

State Board of Health Dr. Carl V. Reynolds, Secretary Buncombe 

State Highway Patrol H. J. Hatcher, Commanding Officer Burke 

State Highway and Public 

Works Commission A. H. Graham, Chairman Orange 

N. C. Hospitals Board 

of Control Dr. David G. Young, Superintendent of 

Mental Hygiene Wake 

R. M. Rothgeb, Business Manager Wake 



State Government 495 



Industrial Commission T. A. Wilson, Chairman Forsyth 

Department of Insurance William P. Hodges, Commissioner Martin 

Bureau of Investigation Walter F. Anderson, Director Mecklenburg 

Department of Justice Harry McMullan, Attorney General Beaufort 

Department of Labor Forrest H. Shuford, Commissioner Guilfo'- ' 

Library Commission Miss Marjorie Beal, Secretary Wake 

State Library Mis-; Carrie L. Broughton, Librarian Wake 

Local Government 

Commission W. E. Easterling, Secretary Wake 

Medical Care Commission Dr. John A. Ferrell, Executive Secretary Wa 

Merit System Council *Dr. Frank T. DeVyver, Supervisor Durham 

Department Motor Vehicles T. Boddie Ward. Commissioner Wilson 

Municipal Board of Control Thad Eure, Secretary (Ex-officio) Hertford 

Paroles Commission Hathaway Cross, Commissioner Gates 

Probation Commission J. Harry Sample, Director Buncombe 

Department of Public 

Instruction Dr. Clyde A. Ervvin, Superintendent Rutherford 

State Board of Public 

Welfare Dr. Ellen B. Winston, Commissioner Wake 

Division of Purchase and 

Contract W. Z. Betts, Director Wake 

Recreation Commission Miss Ronnie Sheffield, Assistant Director Wake 

Retirement System Nathan Yelton, Secretary Mitchell 

Department of Revenue Edwin Gill, Commissioner ^Scotland 

Rural Electrification Authority Gwyn B. Price, Chairman Ashe 

Supreme Court Dillard S. Gardner, Librarian and 

Marshal Orange 

Adrian J. Newton, Clerk Davidson 

Department of Tax Research ... W. O. Suiter, Director Wake 

Utilities Commission Stanley Winborne, Chairman Hertford 

Veterans Commission Wiley M. Pickens, Director Lincoln 

World War Veteran's 

Loan Fund Mrs. Grace W. Hinton, Acting 

Commissioner Wake 

HEADS OF STATE HOSPITALS. CORRECTIONAL AND 
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 

Confederate Woman's Home Mrs. Lucille McSwain Fayettevillt 

Correctional 

White 

Dobbs Farms Mrs. Maude Jimison Kinston 

Eastern Carolina Industrial Training 

School for Boys Wm. D. Clark Rocky Mount 

State Home and Industrial School 

for Girls, Samarcard Miss Reva Mitchell Eagk> Springs 

Stonewall Jackson Manual Training 

and Industrial School S. G. Hawfield Concord 

Negro 

Morrison Training School for 

Negro Boys Paul R. Brown Hoffman 

Training School for Negro Girls Miss Mae 1). Holmes Rocky Mount 

♦Address: Durham, N. C. All other official addressee Raleigh, N. C. 



i'."! North Carolina Manual 

Educational 

White 

Appalachian State Teachers College B. B. Dougherty . Boone 

East Carolina Teachers College Dennis H. Cooke . Greenville 

N. C. School for the Deaf Dr. C. E. Rankin ., Morganton 

Oxford Orphanage T. E. Regan Oxford 

Pembroke State College for Indians Ralph D. Wellons ..Pembroke 

The State School for the Blind and Deaf ...E. N. Peeler . Raleigh 

University of North Carolina: President ...Frank P. Graham .. Chapel Hill 

Chapel Hill Unit, Chancellor R. B. House Chapel Hill 

State College Unit, Chancellor J. W. Harrelson Raleigh 

Woman's College Unit, Chancellor W.C.Jackson Greensboro 

Western North Carolina Teachers College . H. T. Hunter . ...Cullowhee 

Negro 

Agricultural and Technical College F. D. Bluford Greensboro 

Flizabeth City State Teachers College S. D. Williams Elizabeth City 

Fayetteville State Teachers College J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

N. C. College at Durham J. E. Shepherd .. ..Durham 

The Colored Orphanage of North 

Carolina T. A. Hamme Oxford 

The State School for the Blind and Deaf ...E. N. Peeler . Raleigh 

Winston-Salem State Teachers College F. L. Atkins Winston-Salem 

Hospitals 

White 

Caswell Training School Dr. W. T. Parrott Kinston 

N. C. Sanatoriums for Treatment 
of Tuberculosis : 

N. C. Sanatorium Dr. H. S. Willis Sanatorium 

Eastern Sanatorium Dr. H. F. Eason Wilson 

Western Sanatorium Dr. S. M. Bittinger ...Black Mountain 

N. C. Orthopedic Hospital Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

State Hospital Dr. Louis G. Beall Morganton 

State Hospital Dr. R. G. Blackwelder Raleigh 

Negro 
State Hospital Dr. Ira C. Long Goldsboro 

HEADS OF SOME ORGANIZATIONS OTHER THAN STATE AGENCIES 
N. C. Association Clerks 

Superior Court W. E. Church, Sec'y.-Treas Winston-Salem 

N. C. Association County 

Commissioners J. L. Skinner, Secretary Littleton 

N. C. Burial Association Claude C. Abernathy, Commissioner Raleigh 

N. C. Citizens Assn., Inc Lloyd Griffin, Executive Vice-President Raleigh 

N. C. Education Association Miss Ethel Perkins, Executive Sec'y Raleigh 

N. C. Fire Insurance Rating 

Bureau Landon Hill. Manager Raleigh 

Institute of Government Albert Coates, Director Chapel Hill 

N. C. League of Municipalities Mrs. Davetta L. Steed, Executive Sec'y.. Raleigh 

N. C. Negro Teachers Assn W. L. Green, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

Sheriffs Association John R. Morris, Secretary-Treas. Wilmington 

Social Security Board John H. Ingle, Manager Raleigh 

N. C. State Bar E. L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

State Employees' Credit Union W. W. Jones, Treasurer Raleigh 



COUNTY GOVERNMENT 



ALAMANCE 

Alamance County was founded in 1849 from Orange. The name is supposed 
to be derived from an Indian word meaning "blue clay." The county gets its 
name from Alamance Creek, on the banks of which was fought the battle between 
the colonial ti'oops under Governor Tryon and the Regulators, May 16, 1771. 

Population, 57,427 County Seat, Graham 

State Senator 16th District James Webb . Hillsboro 

Member House of Representatives ...J. Linwood Hall Burlington 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court , F. L. Williamson Graham 

Register of Deeds J. G. Tingen Graham 

Sheriff C. H. Moore Graham 

Treasurer . George E. Holt, Jr Graham 

Auditor Walter E. Owen Graham 

Tax Supervisor Arthur P. Williams Graham 

Tax Collector Minter A. Coble Graham 

County Accountant C. O. Smith, Jr Graham 

Coroner L> r - H- **• Simpson Graham 

Surveyor W. T. Hall Graham 

County Health Officer uan irexand Elon College, Rt. 2 

Supt. of Schools Marvin E. Yount , Graham 

Supt. of Public Welfare Gerard J. Anderson Haw River 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Catherine Millsaps Graham 

Colored Mrs. Carrie S. Wilson Graham 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J- W. Bason Graham 

Colored Pleas Corbett Graham 

Chmn. Bd. Education Henry A. Scott Haw River, Rt. 1 

Chmn. Bd. Elections John H. Vernon Burlington 

District Game and Fish Protector ...Tom Simmons Graham 

County Attorney L. C. Allen Burlington 

County Librarian Mrs. Charles C. Hopkins Burlington 

Veterans Service Officer : ....Carl A. Lewis Burlington 

General County Court : 

Judge A. M. Carroll Burlington 

Solicitor Eugene Gordon Burlington 

Burlington Municipal Court: 

Judge C. C. Cates, Jr Burlington 

Commissioners 

Chairman Griffin McClure Graham 

Commissioner Ralph Scott Burlington 

Commissioner W. C. Sartin Burlington, Rt. 2 

Commissioner Foster Hughes Graham 

Commissioner H. M. Patterson Burlington 

ALEXANDER 

Alexander County was formed in 1847 from Iredell. Caldwell, and Wilkes. 
Was named in honor of William J. Alexander, of Mecklenburg County, several 
times a member of the Legislature and Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Population, 13,454 County Scat, Taylorsville 

State Senator 28th District Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Member House of Representatives ...M. L. Gwaltney Taylorsville 



498 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Charlie R. Watts Taylorsvilie 

Register of Deeds John Marshall Taylorsvilie 

Sheriff Sledge Smith Taylorsvilie 

Auditor Gerald Gwaltney Taylorsvilie 

Tax Supervisor Paul Lackey Taylorsvilie 

Tax Collector Sledge Smith Taylorsvilie 

Coroner Escar Adams Taylorsvilie 

Surveyor Noel D. Benfleld Stony Point 

Supt. of Schools Sloan W. Payne Taylorsvilie 

Supt. of Public Welfare Luther Dyson Taylorsvilie 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Agnes W. Watts Taylorsvilie 

Farm Demonstration Agent H. C. Colvard Taylorsvilie 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. S. Patterson Stony Point 

CKim. Bd. Elections R. L. Snow Taylorsvilie 

District Game and Fish Protector . ..Ronda W. Pearson Taylorsvilie 

County Attorney A. C. Payne Taylorsvilie 

Commissioners 

Chairman George K. Carter Taylorsvilie 

Commissioner G. H. Lackey Hiddenite 

Commissioner Marvin Benfleld Hickory, Rt. 2 

ALLEGHANY 

All?ghany County was formed in 1859 from Ashe. The name is derived from 
an Indian tribe in the limits of North Carolina. 

Population, 8.341 County Seat, Sparta 

State Senator 29th District Wade E. Brown Boone 

Member House of Representatives . C. W. Erwin Glade Valley 

Clerk of Court Gene R. Irwin Sparta 

Register of Deeds Ernest E. Edwards Sparta 

Sheriff Glenn D. Richardson Sparta 

Treasurer Glenn D. Richardson Sparta 

Auditor .7 Clyde Fields Sparta 

Tax Supervisor Glenn G. Nichols Sparta 

Tax Collector Glenn D. Richardson Sparta 

County Accountant Clyde Fields Sparta 

Coroner Lee M. Woodruff Sparta 

Surveyor C. G. Fender Stratford 

County Health Officer Dr. Robert R. King, Jr Boone 

Supt. of Schools Clyde Fields Sparta 

Supt. of Public Welfare Swanson Edwards Sparta 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Isom Wagoner Sparta 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. E. Black Sparta 

Chmn. Bd. Education G. N. Evans Ennice 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Glenn Nichols Sparta 

District Game and Fish Protector .. Dewitt Bryan Glade Valley 

Forest Warden Oeo ,- ^e Royal Roaring Gap 

County Attorney R. F. Crouse Sparta 

County Librarian Carrie H. Jones Sparta 

Veterans Service Officer Ernest E. Edwards Sparta 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. C. Gambill Independence, Va. 

Commissioner D. M. Edwards Ennice 

Commissioner G. T. Perry Piney Creek 



County Government 499 

ANSON 
Anson County was formed in 1749 from Bladen. Was named in honor of 
George Lord Anson, a celebrated English admiral who circumnavigated the globe. 
He lived for awhile on the Peedee in South Carolina. In 1761 he was given the 
honor of bringing to her marriage with King George III, Charlotte, Princess of 
Mecklenburg, for whom Mecklenburg County was named. 

Population, 28,443 County Seat, Wadesboro 

State Senators 19th District W. Erskine Smith Albemarle 

O. Ij. Richardson Monroe 

Member House of Representatives ...U. B. Blalock Wadesboro 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court E. A. Hightower Wadesboro 

Register of Deeds F. E. Liles Wadesboro 

Sheriff Ben M. Rivers Wadesboro 

Treasurer Bank of Wadesboro Wadesboro 

Auditor F. E. Liles Wadesboro 

Tax Collector W. C. Hardison Wadesboro 

Tax Supervisor F. E. Liles Wadesboro 

County Accountant F. E. Liles Wadesboro 

Coroner H. H. Leavitt, Jr •. Wadesboro 

Surveyor Frank S. Clarke Ansonville 

County Health Officer Dr. L. Wallin Wadesboro 

Supt. of Schools J. O. Bowman Wadesboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Katherine Folger Wadesboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Rosalind Redfern Wadesboro 

Colored Mrs. Margaret C. Kirk Wadesboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

Whfte J- W. Cameron Wadesboro 

Colored Sam Hodges Wadesboro 

Chmn. Bd. Education A. E. Hendley Wadesboro, Rt. 2 

Chmn. Bd. Elections W. L. Ashcraft Wadesboro 

District Game and Fish Protector ... P. J. Kiker, Jr Wadesboro 

Forest Warden Marion Ratliff Wadesboro 

County Attorney H. P. Taylor Wadesboro 

County Librarian Helen Thompson Wadesboro 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. Ruby Clark Wadesboro 

Anson County Criminal Court: 

Judge Sydney F. Caligan Wadesboro 

Solicitor George C. Childs Wadesboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. F. Allen Wadesboro 

Commissioner G. K. Little Rt. 3, Wadesboro 

Commissioner B. W. Caudle Polkton 

Commissioner J. B. Wall Lilesvill. 

Commissioner J. P. Teal Wadesboro 

ASHE 

Ashe County was formed in 1799 from Wilkes. Was named in honor of 
Samuel Ashe of New Hanover, brother of General John Ashe. Samuel Ashe 
was a revolutionary patriot, one of the first judges of the state, and afterwards 
governor. 

Population, 22.664 County Seat, Jefferson 

State Senator 29th District Wade E. Brown Boone 

Member House of Representatives ...J. O. Blevins Lansing 



500 North Carolina Manual 



Offici Officer Address 

Clerk of Court C. S. Neal Jefferson 

Register of Deeds J. D. Stansberry Jefferson 

Sheriff W. B. Todd Jefferson 

Treasurer W. B. Todd Jefferson 

Auditor E. W. Smith Lenoir 

Tax Collector Elizabeth Miller Jefferson 

County Accountant C. S. Neal Jefferson 

Coioiici- R. R. Badger West Jefferson 

Surveyor W. P. Colvard Grassy Creek 

County Health Officer Dr. Robert R. King, Jr Boone 

Supt. of Schools B. H. Duncan Jefferson 

Supt. of Public Welfare Ruth Tugman West Jefferson 

Farm Demonstration Agent H. D. Quessenberry Jefferson 

< limn. Bd. Education L. P. Colvard Jefferson 

(limn. Bd. Elections H. H. Lemly Fleetwood 

District Game and Fish Protector ... Harve Goodman Jefferson 

County Attorneys W. B. Austin & Ira T. Johnston Jefferson 

County Librarian Mrs. C. D. Neal Jefferson 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. E. Vannoy Jefferson 

Commissioner Mack G. Edwards West Jefferson 

Commissioner Wade H. Witherspoon Jefferson 

AVERY 
Avery County was formed in 1911 from Mitchell, Watauga, and Caldwell. 
\V;i> named in honor of Colonel Waightstill Avery "of Revolutionary fame," 
Attorney-general of North Carolina, 1777-177". i. 

Population, 13,561 County Seat, Newland 

State Senator SOth District Roy A. Harmon Elk Park 

Member House of Representatives . ,.W. R. Fields Elk Park 

Clerk of Court C. H. Pittman Newland 

Register of Deeds Grant Webb Newland 

Sheriff A. T. Garland Newland 

Treasurer Avery County Bank : Newland 

Auditor Ben Hughes Newland 

Tax Supervisor Ernest L. Johnson Newland 

Tax Collector Ernest L. Johnson Newland 

County Accountant Ben Hughes Newland 

Coroner F. P. Guinn Elk Park 

Surveyor Lee Green Whaley 

County Health Officer Dr. B. B. McGuire Spruce Pine 

Supt. of Schools Geo. Bowman Elk Park 

Supt. of Public Welfare W. W. Braswell Montezuma 

Farm Demonstration Agent Wayne L. Franklin Newland 

Chmn. Bd. of Education Carl Wiseman Ingalls 

Chmn. Bd. Elections R. W. Wall Newland 

District Game and Fish Protector... W. M. Carpenter Three Mile 

Forest Warden Jim Vance Crossnore 

County Attorney Charles Hughes Newland 

County Librarian Mrs. Geo. P. Cohoon , Newland 

Veterans Service Officer K. L. Haga Newland 

Commissioners 

Chairman Lee Sturgill Linville 

Commissioner Sam L. Heaton Kalmia 

Commissioner Robert S. Burleson Senia 



County Government 501 

beaufort 

Beaufort County was formed in 1705 from Bath. Was first called Archdale 
and name changed to Beaufort about 1712. It was named in honor of Henry 
Somerset, Duke of Beaufort, who in 1709 became one of the Lords Proprietors 
of Carolina. He purchased the share originally owned by the Duke of Albemarle. 

Population, 36,431 County Seat, Washington 

State Senators 2nd District Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

John C. Rodman Washington 

Member House of Representatives ...LeRoy Scott Washington 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court N. Henry Moore Washington 

Register of Deeds Canity C. Duke Washington 

Sheriff William Rumley Washington 

Auditor William A. Blount Washington 

Tax Collector John C. Broome Washington 

County Accountant William A. Blount Washington 

Coroner J. Bonner Paul Washington 

Surveyor Rupert R. Bonner Aurora 

County Health Officer Dr. D. E. Ford Washington 

Supt. of Schools M. T. Lambeth Washington 

Supt. of Public Welfare :.Mrs. Eliza H. Randolph Washington 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Violet Alexander Washington 

Colored Mrs. Vivian Morris Washington 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. L. McGahey Washington 

Colored Aaron Solomon Washington 

Chmn. Bd. Education Charles F. Cowell Washington 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. S. Benner Washington 

District Game and Fish Protector ...Albert Woolard Washington, RFD 

Forest Warden Albert Woolard Washington, RFD 

County Attorney E. A. Daniel Washington 

County Librarian Mrs. Ford S. Worthy Washington 

Veterans Service Officer James McKeel Washington 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge L. H. Ross Washington 

Solicitor Malcolm E. Paul Washington 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. Irving Hodges Washington, RFD 

Commissioner Max F. Thompson Aurora 

Commissioner 10. V. Swindell Bath 

Commissioner Dan E. Taylor Washington 

Commissioner P. H. Johnson Pantego 

BERTIE 
Bertie County was formed in 1722 from Bath. Was named in honor of 
James and Henry Bertie, Lords Proprietors, who in 1728 owned the share of 
Lord Clarendon. 

Population, 26,201 County Seat, Windsor 

State Senators 1st District Chas. H. Jenkins Aulander 

Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Member House of Representatives. ...C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

Clerk of Court George C. Spoolman Windsor 

Register of Deeds L. S. Mizelle Windsor 

Sheriff Harry L. Smith Windsor 

Treasurei Mrs. Ethel Cherry Windsor 



502 North Carolina Manual 

Oljit, Officer Address 

Tax Supervisor L. S. Mizelle Windsor 

Tax Collector Lacy M. Early Windsor 

County Accountant L. S. Mizelle , Windsor 

C, roner Goodwin Byrd Windsor 

County Health Officer Dr. S. V. Lewis Windsor 

Supt. of Schools J. L. Dupree Windsor 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Norma Lee Smith Colerain 

Hume Demonstration Agent 

White Virginia Patrick Windsor 

Colored Sabina A. Could Windsor 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White B. E. Grant Windsor 

Colored M. W. Coleman Windsor 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. P. Rascoe Windsor 

Chmn. Bd. Elections E. G. Cherry Windsor 

District Game and Fish Protector. ...W. L. Smallwood "Windsor 

Forest Warden M. J. White Windsor 

County Attorney John R. Jenkins Aulander 

County Librarian Mrs. Jessie Byrd Windsor 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. E. S. Pugh Windsor 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge J. B. Davenport Windsor 

Solicitor M. B. Gilliam, Jr Windsor 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. R. Lawrence Colerain 

Commissioner H. O. Raynor Powellsville 

Commissioner J. W. Cooper Windsor 

Commissioner H. G. Bland KelforrJ 

Commissioner Henry Dempsey Windsor, Rt. 1 

BLADEN 
Bladen County was formed in 1734 from Bath. Was named in honor of 
Martin Bladen, one of the members of the Board of Trade which had charge 
of colonial affairs. 

Population, 27,156 County Seat, Elizabethtown 

State Senators 10th District Rudolph I. Mintz Southport 

Junius K. Powell Whiteville 

Member House of Representatives R. J. Hester, Jr Elizabethtown 

Clerk of Court Carl C. Campbell Elizabethtown 

Register of Deeds D. T. Townsend Elizabethtown 

Sheriff John B. Allen Elizabethtown 

Treasurer Bank of Elizabethtown Elizabethtown 

Auditor p. G. Cain Elizabethtown 

Tax Supervisor P. G. Cain Elizabethtown 

Tax Collector H. M. Chason Elizabethtown 

County Accountant P. G. Cain Elizabethtown 

Coroner Walter J. Melvin Elizabethtown 

County Health Officer Dr. R. S. Cromartie .. Elizabethtown 

Supt. of Schools D. M. Calhoun .. Elizabethtown 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Martha Taylor Elizabethtown 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Lillie Hester Elizabethtown 

Colored Mrs. Mamie P. Moore Elizabethtown 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White R. B. Harper Elizabethtown 

Colored Alvin C. McLendon Elizabethtown 

Chmn. Bd. of Education S. S. Hutchinson Bladenboro 

Chmn. Bd. of Elections John H. Hemingway Elizabethtown 

District Game and Fish Protector . E. W. Woodell Dublin 



County Government 503 



Office Officer Address 

Forest Warden M. H. McQueen Clarkton 

County Attorney H. H. Clark Elizabethtown 

County Librarian 'i'helma Cromartie Elizabethtown 

Veterans Service Officer John H. Hemingway Elizabethtown 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Edward B. Clark Elizabethtown 

Solicitor Leon D. Smith Elizabethtown 

Commissioners 

Chairman Milton L. Fisher Elizabethtown 

Commissioner H. J. White Bladenboro 

Commissioner F. L. Tatum White Oak 

BRUNSWICK 

Brunswick County was formed in 1764 from New Hanover and Bladen. 
Was named in honor of the famous House of Brunswick, of which the four 
Georges, Kings of England, were members. 

Population, 17,125 County Seat, Southport 

State Senators 10th District Junius K. Powell Whiteville 

Rudolph I. Mintz Southport 

Member House of Representatives ...Odell Williamson Shallotte 

Clerk of Court S. T. Bennett Southport 

Register of Deeds A. J. Walton Southport 

Sheriff J. G. White Southport 

Auditor R. C. St. George Southport 

Tax Supervisor W. P. Jorgenson Southport 

County Accountant R. C. St. George Southport 

Tax Collector W. P. Jorgenson Southport 

Coroner W. E. Bell Southport 

Surveyor R. M. Hewett Southport 

County Health Officer Lou H. Smith Southport 

Supt. of Schools Annie Mae Woodside Southport 

Supt. of Public Welfare Dorothy Swain (acting) Southport 

Home Demonstration Agent Alean McLamb ... Southport 

Farm Demonstration Agent J. E. Dobson Supply 

Chmn. Bd. Education R. T. Woodside Southport 

Chmn. Bd. Elections David Ross Freeland 

District Game and Fish Protector ...H. T. Bowmer Southport 

Forest Warden Dorman Mercer Bolivia 

County Attorney R. I. Mintz Southport 

Veterans Service Officer R. C. St. George Southport 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. J. McLamb Shallotte 

Solicitor E. J. Prevatte Southport 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. O. Lewis Southport 

Commissioner S. I. Mintz Leland 

Commissioner M. B. Chinni- ...Southport 

BUNCOMBE 

Buncombe County was formed in 1791 from Burke and Rutherford. Was 

named in honor of Colonel Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary soldier who was 

wounded and captured at the battle of Germantown, October I. 1777. and died 

a paroled prisoner. May 1778, in Philadelphia. Colonel Buncombe lived in Tyrrell 



504 North Carolina Manual 

County. He was noted for his hospitality. Over the door of his house were 
the e in" "Welcome all to Buncombe Hall." 

Population, 108,755 County Seat, Asheville 

Stat.' Senator Hist District Frank M. Parker Asheville 

Members House (if Representatives. Henry C. Fisher Asheville 

George A. Shuford Asheville 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Coui-t J- Ed Swain Asheville 

Register of Deeds George A. Digges Asheville 

Sheriff Laurence E. Brown Asheville 

Treasurer J- C. Garrison Asheville 

Auditor J- C. Garrison Asheville 

Tax Supervisor Wm. Z. Penland Asheville 

Tax Collector J- P. Brown Asheville 

County Accountant J- C. Garrison Asheville 

Coroner D»'- P. R- Terry Asheville 

Surveyor Kenneth G. Roberts Asheville 

County Health Officer Dr. Grady Morgan Asheville 

Supt. of Schools T. C. Roberson Candler 

Supt. of Public Welfare George H. Lawrence Asheville 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Mamie S. Evans Asheville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Riley Palmer Asheville 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. B. E. Morgan Asheville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Clyde W. Bradley Asheville 

District Game and Fish Protector ...Tom S. Rollins Asheville 

Forest Warden T. E. Begley Asheville 

County Attorney Brandon P. Hodges Asheville 

County Librarian Margaret H. Ligon Asheville 

Veterans Service Officer Richard C. Hulme Asheville 

Asheville Police Court 

Judge ■ Sam M. Cathey Asheville 

Solicitor W. C. Hampton ■. Asheville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Coke Candler Candler 

Commissioner R. J. Englert Asheville 

Commissioner John C. Vance Asheville 

BURKE 

Burke County was formed in 1777 from Rowan. Was named in honor of 
Dr. Thomas Burke, member of the Continental Congress and governor of North 
Carolina. 

Population, 38,615 County Seat, Morganton 

State Senator 28th District Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Member House of Representatives ..A. B. Stoney Morganton 

Clerk of Court W. C. Ross Morganton 

Register of Deeds W. Alvin Berry Morganton 

Sheriff Ray Sigmon Morganton 

Treasurer First National Bank Morganton 

Auditor R. M. Davis Morganton 

Tax Supervisor A. Parks McGimsey Morganton 

Tax Collector X. H. Cox Morganton 

County Accountant R. M. Davis Morganton 

Coroner R. F. Setzer Morganton 

Surveyor James A. Harbison Morganton 



County Government 505 

Office Officer Address 

County Health Officer Dr. C. N. Sisk Morganton 

Supt. of Schools R. L. Patton Morganton 

Supt. of Public Welfare M. J. Lynam Morganton 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Helen Curry Morganton 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. L. Sloan Morganton 

Chmn. Bd. Education C. P. Whisnant Morganton 

Chmn. Bd. Elections C. K. Avery Morganton 

District Game and Fish Protector. ...Chas. Moore Connelly Springs 

Forest Warden Simon Conley Morganton 

County Attorney C. E. Cowan Morganton 

County Librarian Mrs. M. R. McVey Morganton 

Veterans Service Officer Jack Winchester Morganton 

Commissioners 

Chairman A. Parks McGimsey Morganton 

Commissioner Lawrence Lane Morganton 

Commissioner Ben Gibbs Morganton 

Commissioner H. Harper Singleton Morganton 

Commissioner Danniel B. Bounous Valdese 

CABARRUS 
Cabarrus County was formed in 1792 from Mecklenburg. Was named in honor 
of Stephen Cabarrus, of Edenton, several times a member of the Legislature 
and often Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Population, 59,393 County Seat, Concord 

State Senators 21st District Luther E. Barnhardt Concord 

John C. Kesler Salisbm-y 

Members House of Representatives E. T. Bost. Jr Concord 

Hugh Q. Alexander Kannapolis 

Clerk of Court D. Ray McEachern Concord 

Register of Deeds J. R. Boger Concord 

Sheriff Ray C. Hoover Concord 

Treasurer Margie M. White Concord 

Auditor C. N. Field Concord 

Tax Supervisor J. S. Broswell, Jr Concord 

County Accountant C. N. Field Concord 

Coroner N. J. Mitchell Concord 

Surveyor S. Glenn Hawfield, Jr Concord 

Supt. of Schools C. A. Furr Concord 

Supt. of Public Welfare E. Farrell White Concord 

Home Demonstration Agent Helen Mullis Concord 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. D. Goodman Concord 

Chmn. Bd. Education Boyd Biggers Concord 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. S. Hartsell ('uncord 

District Game and Fish Protector. ..R. O. Caldwell Concord 

County Attorney Hartsell & Hartsell Concord 

County Librarian Annette Shinn Concord 

Veterans Service Officer W. L. Mills, Jr Concord 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Ernest R. Alexander Kannapolis 

Solicitor H. W. Caldway Concord 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. Lee.Whito Concord 

Commissioner C. M. Crowell Mt. Pleasant 

Commissioner W. M. Morrison Harrisburg 

Commissioner R. W. Cline Concord 

Commissioner H. L. Kink Concord 



508 North Carolina Manual 

caldwell 

Caldwell County was formed in 1841 from Burke and Wilkes. Was named 
in honor of Joseph Caldwell, the first president of the University of North 
Carolina. He was one of the first and strongest advocates of the public school 
system and of the railroad through the center of the state from Morehead City 
to Tennessee. 

Population. 35,795 County Seat, Lenoir 

State Senator 28th District Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Member House of Representatives ..Max C. Wilson Lenoir 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Fred H. Hoover Lenoir 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Margaret B. Moore Lenoir 

Sheriff George D. Greer Lenoir 

Auditor Mrs. J. C. Spencer Lenoir 

Tax Supervisor James H. Sherrill Lenoir 

Tax Collector James H. Sherrill Lenoir 

County Accountant Mrs. J. C. Spencer Lenoir 

Coroner A. H. Goble Lenoir 

Surveyor Thomas P. Isbell Lenoir 

County Health Officer Dr. C. N. Sisk Lenoir 

Supt. of Schools L. B. Robinson Lenoir 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. W. T. Carpenter Lenoir 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Margaret W. Suddreth Lenoir 

Farm Demonstration Agent Max A. Culp Lenoir 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. J. F. Reece Lenoir 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Marcus L. Greer Lenoir 

District Game and Fish Protector Clyde McLean Collettsville 

Forest Warden Lee Steele Lenoir 

County Attorney L. H. Wall Lenoir 

County Librarian Eunice Query Hudson 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge A. R. Crisp Lenoir 

Solicitor L. H. Wall Lenoir 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. T. Carpenter Lenoir 

Commissioner Mark Goforth Lenoir 

Commissioner P. L. Poovey Granite Falls 

CAMDEN 
Camden County was formed in 1777 from Pasquotank. Was named in honor 
of the learned Englishman. Charles Pratt, Earl of Camden, who was one of the 
strongest friends of the Americans in British Parliament. He took their side 
in the dispute over taxation without representation. 

Population. 5,440 County Seat, Camden 

State Senators 1st District Chas. H: Jenkins Aulander 

Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Member House of Representatives ...W. I. Halstead South Mill* 

Clerk of Court Mrs. Annie Forbes Camden 

Register of Deeds J. G. Etheridge ... Camden 

Sheriff M. D. Stevens Camden 

Treasurer The.Fir-t Citz. Natl. Bank Elizabeth City 

Auditor Matilda Bartlett Camden 

Coroner Carroll Godfrey Camden 

County Health Officer Dr. Z. P. Mitchell . Elizabeth City 



County Government 507 

Office Officer Address 

Supt. of Schools E. P. Leary Old Trap 

Supt. of Public Welfare R. B. Godfrey Camden 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Mamie Sawyer Camden 

Farm Demonstration Agent H. L. Cooke Camden 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. I. Sawyer South Mills 

Chmn. Bd. Elections W. J. Burgess Shiloli 

District Game and Fish Protector .... J. W. Jones South Mills 

County Attorney W. I. Halstead South Mills 

County Librarian Doris Abbott Elizabeth City 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge R. L. Whaley Camden 

Commissioners 

Jhairman D. F. Bartlett Shiloh 

Commissioner R. K. Benton South Milh 

Commissioner R. L. Bray Belcross 

CARTERET 
Carteret County was formed in 1722 from Bath. Was named in honor of 
Sir John Carteret, afterwards (1744) Earl Granville, one of the Lords Pro- 
prietors. When the other Lords Proprietors sold their shares to the king in 
1728. Carteret refused to sell, and an immense tract of land in North Carolina 
was laid off as his share in 1744. It was called the Granville District and was 
the cause of a great deal of trouble. He lost it by confiscation when the Revo- 
lution freed North Carolina from British rule. 

Population, 18,284 County Seat, Beaufort 

State Senators 7th District D. L. Ward New Bern 

R. A. Whitaker Kinston 

Member House of Representatives ...H. S. Gibbs Morehead City 

Clerk of Court D. B. Willis Beaufort 

Register of Deeds Irvin W. Davis Beaufort 

Sheriff C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Auditor James D. Potter Beaufort 

Tax Supervisor James D. Potter Beaufort 

Tax Collector E. O. Moore Beauforl 

County Accountant James D. Potter Beaufort 

Coroner A. H. James Morehead City 

Surveyor Phillip K. Ball Morehead City 

County Health Officer Dr. Frank E. Hyde Beaufort 

Supt. of Schools J. G. Allen Beaufort 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. George Henderson Morehead City 

Home Demonstration Agent Carrie Brewer Beaufort 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. M. Williams Beaufort 

Chmn. Bd. Education L. W. Moore Beaufort 

Chmn. Bd. Elections F. R. Seeley Beauforl 

District Game and Fish Protector... Alex Davis Marshallberg 

County Attorney A. L. Hamilton Morehead City 

County Librarian Mrs. James D. Rumley Beaufort 

Veterans Service Officer C. L. Beam Beauforl 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Lambert R. Morris Atlantic 

Solicitor M. L. Davis Beauforl 

Commissioners 

Chairman K. P. B. Bonner Morehead Citj 

Commissioner C. Z. Chappell Beauforl 

Commissioner Tilton Davis Harkers Island 

Commissioner Wallace Styron Sr.-i l.,\,l 

Commissioner Lionel Pelletier Stella 



:-n> North Carolina Manual 

CASWELL 
Caswell County was formed in 1777 from Orange. Was named in honor of 
Richard Caswell, member of the First Continental Congress, first Governor of 
North Carolina after the Declaration of Independence, six times re-elected Gov- 
ernor, and Major-General in the Revolutionary Army. 

Population, 20,032 County Seat. Yanceyville 

State Senator 15th District S. M. Bason Yanceyville 

Member House of Representatives J no. O. Gunn Yanceyville 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court George M. Harris Yanceyville 

Register of Deeds J. B. Blalock Yanceyville 

Sheriff J. H. Gunn Yanceyville 

Treasurer James Slade Yanceyville 

Tax Supervisor R. E. Wilson Yanceyville 

Tax Collector R. E. Wilson Yanceyville 

County Accountant James Slade Yanceyville 

County Health Officer Dr. B. M.Drake Spray 

Supt. of Schools Holland McSwain Yanceyville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Leona Graham Yanceyville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Louise Homewood Yanceyville 

Colored Helen Payne Yanceyville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. E. Zimmerman Yanceyville 

Colored Dewey Williamson Yanceyville 

Chmn. Bd. Education O. A. Powell Yanceyville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections L. W. Lillard Yanceyville 

County Attorney Robt. T. Wilson Yanceyville 

County Librarian Dorothy Wightman Yanceyville 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge C. L. Pemberton Yanceyville 

Solicitor E. F? Upchurch Yanceyville 

Commissioners 

Chairman E. A. Allison Yanceyville 

Commissioner W. W. Pointer Blanche 

Commissioner E. M. Hooper Mebane, R-3 

Commissioner Geo. R. Carter Danville, Va., R-4 

Commissioner E. S. Butler Reidsville, R-l 

CATAWBA 
Catawba County was formed in 1842 from Lincoln. Was named after a 
tribe of Indians which dwelt in that section of the State. Catawba County voted 
with Gaston and Lincoln until 1854. 

Population, 51,653 County Seat, Newton 

State Senators 25th District Sheldon M. Roper Lincolnton 

John R. McLaughlin Statesville 

Member House of Representatives ... Harry VanderLinden . ... Hickory 

Clerk of Court P. W. Deaton Newton 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Willie Trott Newton 

Sheriff R ay E. Pitts Newton 

Treasurer N. J. Sigmon Newton 

Auditor A. E. Achearrer Newton 

Tax Supervisor C. E. Gwin Newton 

Tax Collector N. J. Sigmon Newton 

Coroner R ex R. Reynolds Newton 

Surveyor G. Sam Rowe Newton 



County Government 509 

Office Officer Address 

County Health Officer Dr. E. H. Ellinwood Newton 

Supt. of Schools M. C. Campbell . ...Newton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Joseline Harding ...Newton 

Home Demonstration Agent Wylie Knox ....Newton 

Farm Demonstration Agent Earl Brintnall ......... .... Newton 

Chmn. Bd. Education Enloe Yoder Hickory, Kt. 1 

Chmn. Bd. Elections D. Lee Setzer ...Newton 

District Game and Fish Protector ..James Fairchild ...Uaremont 

County Manager N. J. Sigmon ...Newton 

County Attorney T. P. Pruitt Hickory 

County Librarian Challie Hall ..Newton 

Veterans Service Officer Andrew Warlick ..Newton 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Emmett C. Willis Hickory 

Solicitor W. J. Sherrod Newton 

Hickory Recorder's Court: 

Judge T. E. Cummings (pro tern) Hickory 

Solicitor Marshall Yount, Jr Hickory 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. K. Bolick Conover 

Commissioner Caleb Rudisill Vale 

Commissioner Noah Jones Newton 

Commissioner Carl V. Cline Hickory 

Commissioner George Winters Claremont 

CHATHAM 

Chatham County was formed in 1770 from Orange. Was named in honor 
of the great Englishman who won for England all of French America and was 
the most eloquent defender of the American cause in the British Parliament 
during the Revolution — William Pitt, Earl of Chatham. 

Population, 24,726 County Seat, Pittsboro 

State Senators 13th District Wade Barber Pittsboro 

R. N. Simms, Jr Raleigh 

Member House of Representatives ...Landon C. Rosser Mt. Vernon Springs 

Clerk of Com-t E. B. Hatch Pittsboro 

Register of Deeds J. W. Emerson, Jr Pittsboro 

Sheriff G. H. Andrews Pittsboro 

Treasurer Bank of Pittsboro Pittsboro 

Auditor T. V. Riggsbee Pittsboro 

Tax Supervisor J. W. Emerson, Jr Pittsboro 

Tax Collector G. H. Andrews Pittsboro 

County Accountant T. V. Riggsbee Pittsboro 

Coroner H. L. Stone Siler City 

Surveyor Floyd E. Womble Siler City 

County Health Officer . Dr. Gaston Rogers Chapei Hill 

Supt. of Schools J. S. Waters Pittsboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. C. K. Strowd Rt. Pittsboro 

Home Demonstration Agent Flossie Whitley Pittsboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent J. B. Snipes Pittsboro 

Chmn. Bd. Education C. A. Snipes Bynum 

Chmn. Bd. Elections C. M. Pattishall Rt. 4, Sanford 

District Game and Fish Protector ...Eugene A. Jones Siln- City 

Forest Warden Robert Hatcher Pittsboro 

County Attorney W. P. Horton Pittsboro 



510 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

County Librarian Mrs. Milton Heath Siler City 

Veterans Service Officer T. F. Baldwin Siler City 

County Criminal Court: 

Judge W. D. Siler Siler City 

Solicitor J. Lee Moody Siler City 

Commissioners 

Chairman E. E. Walden Moncure 

Commissioner R. G. Beckwith Rt. 4, Apex 

Commissioner R. W. Dark Siler City 

CHEROKEE 

Cherokee County was formed in 1839 from Macon. Was named after an 
Indian tribe which still dwells in that section of the state. 

Population, IS, 813 County Seat, Murphy 

State Senator 33rd District Baxter C. Jones Bryson City 

Member House of Representatives ...W. Bruce West Marble 

Clerk of Court J. L. Hall Murphy 

Registei of Deeds B. L. Padgett Murphy 

Sheriff Frank Crawford Murphy 

Auditor P. C. Hyatt Murphy 

Tax Collector L. L. Mason Murphy 

County Accountant P. C. Hyatt Murphy 

Coroner Dr. Harry Miller Murphy 

Surveyor O. G. Anderson Culberson 

Supt. of Schools Lloyd W. Hendrix Murphy 

Supt. of Public Welfare Laura H. Freeman Murphy 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary Cornwell Murphy 

Farm Demonstration Agent A. Q. Ketner Murphy 

Chmn. Bd. Education Noah Hembree Murphy 

Chmn. Bd. Elections A. J. Hembree Murphy 

Forest Warden E. S. Burnett Murphy 

County Attorney J. B. Gray Murphy 

County Librarian Mrs. Sarah H. Lloyd Murphy 

Veterans Service Officer D. E. Sigmon Murphy 

Commissioners 

Chairman E. A. Wood Andrews 

Commissioner W. E. Moore Murphy 

Commissioner J. E. Graves Murphy 

CHOWAN 

Chowan County was formed in 1(572 from Albemarle. Was named for an 
Indian tribe dwelling in the northeastern part of the State when the English 
first came to North Carolina. 

Population, 11,572 County Seat, Edenton 

State Senators 1st District Chas. H. Jenkins Aulandei 

Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Member House of Representatives ... John W. Graham Edenton 

Clerk of Court E. W. Spires Edenton 

Register of Deeds M. L. Bunch Edenton 

Sheriff J. A. Bunch Edenton 

Treasurer George C. Hoskins Edenton 



County Government 511 

Office Officer Address 

Tax Supervisor P. S. McMullan Edenton 

Tax Collector J. A. Bunch Edenton 

County Accountant E. W. Spires Edenton 

County Health Officer Dr. J. W. Warren Edenton 

Supt. of Schools W. J. Taylor Edenton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Carolyn C. McMullan Edenton 

Home Demonsti-ation Agent 

White Rebecca E. Colwell Edenton 

Colored Queen Esther Burgess Edenton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White C. W. Overman Edenton 

Colored J. B. Small Edenton 

Chmn. Bd. Education T. W. Jones Edenton 

Chmn. Bd. Elections L. C. Burton Edenton 

District Game and Fish Protector. Robert E. Evans RFD 1, Edenton 

County Attorney J. N. Pruden Edenton 

County Librarian Mrs. S. M. McMullan Edenton 

Veterans Service Officer John A. Holmes Edenton 

Recorder's Court : 

Juc.ge Marvin P. Wilson Edenton 

Solicitor Weldon A. Hollowell Edenton 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. W. Byrum Edenton 

Commissioner J. A.Webb RFD 2, Edenton 

Commissioner E. N. Elliott RFD. Tyner 

Commissioner J. R. Peele RFD, Edenton 

Commissioner A. S. Hollowell Edenton 

CLAY 

Clay County was formed in 1861 from Cherokee. Was named in honor of 
the great orator and statesman, Henry Clay. Prior to 1868 Clay voted with 
Cherokee. 

Population, 6,405 County Seat, Hayesville 

State Senator 33rd District Baxter C. Jones Bryson City 

Member House of Representatives .. H. M. Moore Hayesville 

Clerk of Court George Martin Hayesville 

Register of Deeds William Crisp Hayesville 

Sheriff Glenn Swanson Hayesville 

Treasurer Citizens Bk. & Tr. Co Hayesville 

Auditor F. B. Garretl Hayesville 

Tax Supervisor William Crisp Hayesville 

Tax Collector Glenn Swanson Hayesville 

County Accountant F. B. Garrett ... Hayesville 

Coroner Dr. P. B. Killian Hayesville 

Surveyor E. C. Mease Hayesville 

Supt. of Schools Allen J. Bell Hayesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Alvin Penland Hayesville 

Home Demonstration Agent Buena B. Hedden Hayesville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Rufus G. Vick Hayesville 

Chmn. Bd. Education Perry Tipton Hayesville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Hen H. Martin Hayesville 

District Game and Fish Protector ... Geo. Jarrett Have \ ill 

County Attorney Thomas C. Gray ..Hayes villi 

County Librarian Mrs. Sarah H. Lloyd Murphy 

Com MISSIONERS 

Chairman Wilburn G. Mingus Hayesville 

Commissioner Willard Lovin Hayesville 

Commissioner Wayne Hogsed Shooting" Creek 



512 North Carolina Manual 

cleveland 

Cleveland County was formed in 1841 from Rutherford and Lincoln. Was 
named in honor of Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, a noted partisan leader on 
the western Carolina frontier in the Revolution, and one of the "Heroes of 
King's Mountain." 

Population. 58 County Seat, Shelby 

State Senators 27th District W. W. Neal Marion 

Lee B. Weathers Shelby 

Member House of Representatives .0. M. Mull Shelby 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court E. A. Houser, Jr. Shelby 

Register of Deeds A. F. Newton Shelby 

Sheriff H. A. Logan. Jr Shelby 

Treasure* Lillian E. Newton Shelby 

Auditor C. G. Dilling Shelby- 
Tax Collector R. S. Gidney Shelby 

County Accountant C. G. Dilling Shelby 

Corone] Ollie Harris Shelby- 
Surveyor D. R. S. Frazier Shelby 

Supt. of Schools J. H. Grigg ...Shelby 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mary Burns Parker Shelby 

Home Demonstration Agent Launa Brashears ... Shelby 

Farm Demonstration Agent Ben P. Jenkins, Jr Shelby 

C'hmn. Bd. Education A. L. Calton Lattimore 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Peyton McSwain Shelby 

County Attorney H. B. Edwards Shelby 

Veterans Service Officer John P. Mull, Jr. Shelby 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. L. Angel Shelby 

Solicitor Bynum E. Weathers Shelby 

Commissioners 

Chairman G. A. Bridges Kings Mountain 

Commissioner D. D. Lattimore Polkville 

Commissioner Max Washburn Shelby 

COLUMBUS 
Columbus County was formed in 1808 from Bladen and Brunswick. Was 
named in honor of the Discoverer of the New World. 

Population, 45,663 County Seat, Whiteville 

State Senators 10th District Junius K. Powell Whiteville 

Rudolph I. Mintz Southport 

Member House of Representatives Homer G. Avant Whiteville 

Clerk of Court Lee J. Greer Whiteville 

Register of Deeds Leo L. Fisher Whiteville 

Sheriff Herman D. Stanley Whiteville 

Auditor W. D. Brooks Whiteville 

Tax Supervisor Vennie H. Rouse Whiteville 

Tax Collector W. D. Brooks , .Whiteville 

Coroner H. H. Nance Cerro Gorda 

Surveyor Herman T. Schnibben Whiteville 

County Health Officer .....Dr. Floyd Johnson Whiteville 

Supt. of Schools J. M. Hough Whiteville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Johnsie Nuhn Whiteville 

Home Demonstration Agent Nan Ratliff Whiteville 



County Government 513 

Office Officer Address 

Farm Demonstration Agent C. D. Raper . ...Whiteville 

Chmn. Bd. Education R. J- Lamb ....Whitevi e 

Chmn. Bd. Elections A. E. Powell, Jr ... Whitevi e 

District Game and Fish Protector... D. C. Hewett :. Whiteville 

Forest Warden B. Frank Batton Hallsboro 

County Attorney E. K. Proctor Whitevi e 

Veterans Service Officer Thurston Formyduval, Jr ..Whiteville 

Recorder's Court : 

j u( jge W. E. Harrelson Whiteville, Rt. 4 

Solicitor J. W. Brown Whiteville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Leaman Ward Clarendon 

Commissioner W. A. Weir Lake Waccamaw 

Commissioner Bud L. Stephens Evergreen 

Commissioner Wm. F. Floyd Whiteville 

Commissioner Arthur W. Williamson Cerro Gorda 

CRAVEN 
Craven County was formed about 1712 from Bath. Was named in honor of 
William, Lord Craven, one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. 

Population, 31,298 County Seat, New Bern 

State Senators 7th District D. L. Ward New Bern 

R. A. Whitaker Kinston 

Member House of Representatives ....Burl G. Hardison New Bern 

Clerk of Court L. E. Lancaster New Bern 

Register of Deeds J. S.Holland New Bern 

Sheriff C. B. Berry New Bern 

Auditor B. O. Jones New Bern 

Tax Supervisor B. O. Jones New Bern 

Tax Collector '. C. C. Pritchett New Bern 

County Accountant B. O. Jones New Bern 

Coroner Raymond Pollock, Jr New Bern 

County Health Officer Dr. H. B. Wadsworth (Acting) New Bern 

Supt. of Schools R. L. Pugh New Bern 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. John D. Whitford New Bern 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Jessie Trowbridge New Bern 

Colored Mrs. Marietta Carrington New Bern 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White O. T.Jackson New Bern 

Colored Otis Evans New Bern 

Chmn. Bd. Education C. A.. Seifert New Bern 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Wm. Dunn New Bern 

District Game and Fish Protector ...L. E. Warrington New Bern 

County Attorney R. A. Nunn New Bern 

County Librarian Mary Scott Gurley New Bern 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge W. J. Lansche, Jr. New Bern 

Solicitor D. C. McCotter, Jr New Bern 

Commissioners 

Chairman Geo. W. Ipock New Bern 

Commissioner T. W. Haywood New Bern 

Commissioner C. D. Lancaster New Bern 

Commissioner E. R. Ipock Cove City 

Commissioner A. L. Dail New Bern 



514 North Carolina Manual 

cumberland 

Cumberland County was formed in 1754 from Bladen. Was named in honor 
of William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, second son of King George II. Cum- 
berland was the commander of the English army at the battle of Culloden, in 
which the Scotch Highlanders were so badly defeated. Many of them came to 
America, and their principal settlement was at Cross Creek in Cumberland 
County. 

Population. 59,320 County Seat, Fayetteville 

State Senators 10th District Junius K. Powell Whiteville 

Rudolph I. Mintz Southport 

Members House of Representatives T. C. Bynum Hope Mills 

G. S. Quillin Fayetteville 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court C. W. Broadfoot Fayetteville 

Register of Deeds J. W. Johnson Fayetteville 

Sheriff M. H. McGeachy Fayetteville 

Treasurer R. E. Nimocks Fayetteville 

Auditor R. E. Nimocks Fayetteville 

Tax Supervisor T. G. Braxton Fayetteville 

Coroner Joe W. Pinkston Fayetteville 

County Health Officer Dr. M. T. Foster Fayetteville 

Supt. of Schools F. D. Byrd, Jr. Fayetteville 

Supt. of Public Welfare E. L. Hauser Fayetteville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Lena Bullard Fayetteville 

Colored Jeannette Bass Fayetteville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John T. Monroe Fayetteville 

Colored B. B. Gaillard Fayetteville 

Chmn. Bd. Education I. B. Julian Fayetteville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections F. B. Rankin Fayetteville 

District Game and Fish Protector ..Oscar Chadwick Fayetteville 

Forest Warden P. P. Smith Fayetteville 

County Attorney C. C. Howard Fayetteville 

County Librarian Mrs. Roberta C. Spikes Fayetteville 

Veterans Service Officer Coy E. Brewer Fayetteville 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge James MacRae Fayetteville 

Solicitor Malcolm McQueen Fayetteville 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. B. Wilkins Linden 

Commissioner F. G. Kinlaw Fayetteville, Rt. 5 

Commissioner W. McKay Monroe Fayetteville 

Commissioner W. H. Clark Hope Mills, Rt. 1 

Commissioner T. G. Braxton Fayetteville 

CURRITUCK 

Currituck County was formed in 1672 from Albemarle. Was named after 
an Indian tribe. 

Population, 6,709 County Seat, Currituck 

State Senators 1st District Chas. H. Jenkins Aulander 

Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Member House of Representatives .. G. C. Boswood Gregory 

Clerk of Court H. E. Forbes Currituck 

Register of Deeds W. S. Gregory Currituck 

Sheriff L. L. Dozier Currituck 



County Government 515 

office Officer Address 

Auditor Mrs. Alice Brumsey Currituck 

County Accountant Mrs. Alice Brumsey . .Currituck 

Coroner J- Bryan Smith ...Harbenger 

County Health Officer Dr. K. C. Moore ...Currituck 

Supt. 'of Schools Frank B. Aycock, Jr. ...Currituck 

Supt. of Public Welfare Norman Hughes ...Currituck 

Home Demonstration Agent Margaret Myers . ...Currituck 

Farm Demonstration Agent L. A. Powell Currituck 

Chmn. Bd. Education O. L. Woodhouse Grandy 

Chmn. Bd. Elections John T. Etheridge ...Shawboro 

District Game and Fish Protector... B. U. Evans Grandy 

County Attorney C. R. Morris ...Currituck 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge W. F. Leary Shawboro 

Solicitor W. C. Morse Elizabeth City 

Commissioners 

Chairman Harry Powers Moyock 

Commissioner Norwood Ansell Knotts Island 

Commissioner J. W. Sanderlin Shawboro 

DARE 
Dare County was formed in 1870 from Currituck, Tyrrell, and Hyde. Was 
named in honor of Virginia Dare, the first English child born in America. 

Population, 6,041 County Seat, Manteo 

State Senators 2nd District Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

John C. Rodman Washington 

Member House of Representatives ... Theo. S. Meekins Manteo 

Clerk of Court C. 8. Meekins Manteo 

Register of Deeds Melvin R. Daniels Manteo 

Sheriff Frank M. Cahoon Manteo 

Treasurer The Bank of Manteo Manteo 

Auditor C. S. Meekins Manteo 

Tax Superviser A. W. Drinkwater Manteo 

Tax Collector Frank M. Cahoon Manteo 

County Accountant C. S. Meekins Manteo 

Corcner Marvin S. Rogers Manteo 

Surveyor Elwood H. Inge Manteo 

Counts Health Officer Dr. K. C. Moore Currituck 

Supt. of Schools R. I. Leake Manteo 

Supt. of Public Welfare I. P. Davis Manteo 

Home Demonstration Agent Grace Draughan Manteo 

Farm Demonstration Agent Robert S. Smith Manteo 

Chmn. Bd. Education E. N. Baum Kitty Hawk 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Mrs. McCoy Tillett Manteo 

District Game and Fish Protector ...Edgar A. Perry Kitty Hawk 

Forest Warden A. B. Hooper Stumpy Point 

County Attorney Martin Kellogg. Jr Manteo 

County Librarian Mrs. Georgia Harwood . ....Manteo 

Veterans Service Officer I. P. Davis ....Manteo 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge W. F. Baum Manteo 

Solicitor Martin Kellogg, Jr Manteo 

Commissioners 

Chairman John E. Ferebee Manteo 

Commissioner W. B. Tillett Wanchese 

Commissioner John A. Meekins Rodanthi 

Commissioner Gaston B. Mann Manns Harbor 

Commissioner L. \y. Stetson Manteo 



516 North Carolina Manual 

davidson 

Davidson County was formed in 1822 from Rowan. Was named in honor 
of General William Lee Davidson, a soldier of the Revolution, who was killed 
at the Battle of Cowan's Ford. When General Greene retreated across North 
Carolina before Cornwallis in 1781, he stationed some troops under General 
Davidson at Cowan's Ford over the Catawba River to delay the British army. 
The British attacked the Americans, killed General Davidson, and forced the 
passage. The United States has erected a monument in his honor on Guilford 
Battleground. 

Population, 53,377 County Seat, Lexington 

State Senators 18th District Garland S. Garriss Troy 

John W. Cole Rockingham 

Member House of Representatives J. Eugene Snyder Lexington 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court M. P. Cooper Lexington 

Register of Deeds Melton Lomax Lexington 

Sheriff Wilfred G. Fritts Lexington 

Treasurer Mrs. Julia D. Leonard Lexington 

Auditor Frank P. Buck Co Salisbury 

Tax Supervisor A. C. Michael, Jr. Lexington 

Tax Collector Wilfred G. Fritts Lexington 

County Accountant Frank P. Buck Co Salisbury 

Coroner Dr. Dermont Lohr Lexington 

Surveyor Lee Vanhoy Welcome 

County Health Officer Dr. G. C. Gambrell Lexington 

Supt. of Schools Paul F. Evans Lexington 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mis. Grace Grimes' (acting) Lexington 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary Sue Moser Lexington 

Farm Demonstration Agent John F. Brown Lexington 

Chmn. Bd. Education Ralph Wilson Thomasviile 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Wade H. Phillips Lexington 

District Game and Fish Protector Reece Harris Denton 

County Manager A. C. Michael, Jr Lexington 

County Attorney S. A. Delapp Lexington 

County Librarian Dorothy E. Shue Lexington 

Veterans Service Officer Oliver Farabee Lexington 

Davidson County Court : 

Judge T. S. Wall Lexington 

Solicitor Charles Mauze Lexington 

Thomasviile Recorder's Court: 

Judge Howard Steed Thomasviile 

Solicitor J. R oy Hughes Thomasviile 

Denton Recorder's Court: 

Judge A. L. Snider Denton 

Commissioners 

Chairman n. S. Siceloff. Jr Lexington 

Commissioner Roby L. Taylor Lexington, Rt. 6 

Commissioner Charles F. Cline Thomasviile 

Commissioner A. R. Morris Denton 

Commissioner A. A. Foltz Lexington, Rt. 4 

DAVIE 
Davie County was formed in 1836 from Rowan. Was named in honor of 
William R. Davie, distinguished as a soldier of the Revolution, member of the 
Federal Convention of 1787, Governor of North Carolina, special Envoy Extraor- 



County Government 517 

dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to France, "Father of the University of 
North Carolina." 

Population, 14,909 County Seat, Mocksville 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 24th District Lafayette Williams Yadkinville 

Member House of Representatives... Knox Johnstone Mocksville 

Clerk of Court Stacy H. Chaffin Mocksville 

Register of Deeds C. R. Vogler Mocksville 

Sheriff Richard Paul Foster Mocksville 

Treasurer Inez Naylor Mocksville 

Auditor Inez Naylor Mocksville 

Tax Supervisor Inez Naylor Mocksville 

Tax Collector W. H. Hoots Mocksville 

County Accountant Inez Navlor Mocksville 

Ccroner Dr. G. V. Greene Mocksville, Rt. 3 

Surveyor Sam f albert Advance 

County Health Officer Dr. Alfred Mordecai Mocksville 

Supt. of Schools Curtis Price Mocksville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Lucille Donnelly Mocksville 

Home Demonstration Agent Florence Mackie Mocksville 

Farm Demonstration Agent George Hobson Mocksville 

Chmn. Bd. Education T. C. Pegram Cooleemee 

Chmn. Bd. Elections John N. Waters Mocksville 

County Attorney A. T. Grant Mocksville 

County Librarian Mrs. Blanche Clement Mocksville 

Veterans Service Officer F. R. Leagans Mocksville 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge W. S. Gales Cooleemee 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. P. Martin Mocksville 

Commissioner Charlie Ward Mocksville, Rt. 3 

Commissioner Donald Reavis Mocksville, Rt. 2 

DUPLIN 

Duplin County was formed in 1749 from New Hanover. Was named in 
honor of George Henry Hay, Lord Duplin, an English nobleman. 

Population, 39,739 . County Seat, Kenansville 

State Senators 9th District Rivers D. Johnson Warsaw 

Alton A. Lennon Wilmington 

Member House of Representatives ..Lewis W. Outlaw Seven Springs 

Clerk of Court R. V. Wells Kenansville 

Register of Deeds A. T. Outlaw Kenansville 

Sheriff Ralph J. Jones Kenansville 

Treasurer Ralph J. Jones Kenansville 

Auditor F. W. McGowen Kenansville 

Tax Supervisor F. W. McGowen Kenansville 

Tax Collector I. N. Henderson Kenansville 

County Accountant F. W. McC.owen Kenansville 

Coroner C. B. Sitterson Kenansville 

Surveyor . . W . R. Gooding Wallace 

County Health Officer Dr. G. V. Gooding .. Kenansville 

Supt. of Schools O. P. Johnson Kenansville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Inez C. Boney Rose Hill 



518 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer i././ress 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Hilda Clontz Kenansville 

Colored Mabel P. Blackmore Kenansville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Lacy Weeks Kenansville 

Colored Claude L. Taylor Kenansville 

Chmn. Bd. Education R. M. Carr Wallace 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Robert C. Wells Kenansville 

District Game and Fish Protector ...S. E. Pope Magnolia 

Forest Warden Ralph Miller Beulaville 

County Attorney Vance B. Gavin Kenansville 

Veterans Service Officer J. B. Wallace Kenansville 

General County Court : 

Judge Robert L. West Warsaw 

Solicitor Grady Mercer Beulaville 

Commissioners 

Chairman George D. Bennett Warsaw 

Commissioner Tyson Lanier Beulaville 

Commissioner A. C. Hall Wallace 

Commissioner Arthur Whitfield Kenansville. RFD 

Commissioner L. P. Wells Mt. Olive, RFD 

DURHAM 

Durham County was formed in 1881 from Orange and Wake. Was named 
after the town of Durham, a thriving manufacturing city. 

Population, 80,244 County Seat. Durham 

State Senators 14th District Claude Currie Durham 

John S. Watkins Oxford 

Members House of Representatives Oscar G. Barker Durham 

Dan K. Edwards Durham 

Clerk of Court W. H. Young Durham 

Register of Deeds Garland Brooks Durham 

Sheriff E. G. Belvin Durham 

Treasurer Frank Adams Durham 

Auditor D. W. Newsom Durham 

Tax Supervisor Hubert Warren Durham 

Tax Collector W. T. Pollard Durham 

County Accountant D. W. Newsom Durham 

Coroner R. A. Harton Durham 

Surveyor S. M. Credle Durham 

County Health Officer Dr. J. H. Epperson Durham 

Supt. of Schools Wilmer Jenkins Durham 

Supt. of Public Welfare W. E. Stanley Durham 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Virginia Robertson Durham 

Colored Mrs. Estelle Nixon Durham 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. B. Pace Durham 

Colored J. C. Hubbard Durham 

Chmn. Bd. Education T. O. Sorrell Durham 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Sigmund Meyer Durham 

District Game and Fish Protector .. W. Edward Lowe Durham, Rt. 3 

Forest Warden J. C. Horton Durham 

County Manager D. W. Newsom Durham 

County Attorney R. P. Reade Durham 



County Government 519 

Office Officer Address 

Countv Librarian Clara Crawford Durham 

Veterans Service Officer Paul C. Noell Durham 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge A. R. Wilson Durham 

Solicitor J. W. Brogden Durham 

Juvenile Court : 

Judge Mamie Dowd Walker Durham 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. L. Brame Durham 

Commissioner L. G. Cheek Durham, Rt. 1 

Commissioner O. A. McCullers Durham 

Commissioner George F. Kirkland Durham 

Commissioner S. Leroy Proctor Durham 

EDGECOMBE 
Edgecombe County was formed in 1735 from Bertie. Was named in honor 
of Richard Edgecombe, who became Baron Edgecombe in 1742, an English 
nobleman and a lord of the treasury. 

Population, 49,162 County Seat, Tarboro 

State Senators 4th District Julian Allsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

L. H. Fountain Tarboro 

Member House of Representatives . Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount 

Clerk of Court W. S. Babcock Tarboro 

Register of Deeds M. B. Bunn Tarboro 

Sheriff W. E. Bardin Tarboro 

Auditor M. L. Laughlin Tarboro 

Tax Collector R. H. Stancil Tarboro 

Coroner J. G. Raby Tarboro 

County Health Officer Dr. Robert F. Young Halifax 

Supt. of Schools E. D. Johnson Halifax 

Supt. of Public Welfare Constance Rabin Halifax 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Eugenia Van Landingham Tarboro 

Colored Mrs. Hazel Parker Tarboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. C. Powell Tarboro 

Colored F. D. Wharton Tarboro 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. W. W. Greene Tarboro 

Chmn. Bd. Elections R. P. Cherry Tarboro 

District Game and Fish Protector ...W. L. Whitley Tarboro, RFD 

Forest Warden C. M. Fisher Tarboro, Rt. 2 

County Attorney C. H. Leggett Tarboro 

County Librarian Janie Allsbrook Tarboro 

Veterans Service Officer H. H. Taylor, Jr ..Tarboro 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge H. H. Taylor, Jr Tarboro 

Solicitor M. C. Staton Tarboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. W. Forbes Tarboro 

Commissioner E. Y. Lovelace .Macclesfield 

Commissioner B. C. Mayo Tarboro 

Commissioner Leslie Calhoun Rocky Mount, RFD 

Commissioner J. T. Lawrence Tarboro, RFD 



r. l 1 1 North Carolina Manual 



FORSYTH 
Forsyth County was formed in 1S49 from Stokes. Was named in honor 
of Colonel Benjamin Forsyth, U.S.A., a citizen of Stokes County, who was 
killed on the Canadian frontier on June 28, 1814, during the second war with 
Oieat Britain. 

Population, 126,475 County Seat, Winston-Salem 

State Senator 22nd District Gordon Gray Winston-Salem 

Members House of Representatives. Rex Gass Winston-Salem 

Winfield Blackwell Winston-Salem 

James M. Hayes. Jr. Winston-Salem 

Offia Officer Address 

Clerk of Court W. E. Church Winston-Salem 

Register of Deeds J. M. Lentz Winston-Salem 

Sheriff Ernie G. Shore Winston-Salem 

Auditor W. N. Schultz Winston-Salem 

Tax Supervisor William M. Taylor Winston-Salem 

Tax Collector Walter A. Mickle Winston-Salem 

County Accountant W. N. Schultz Winston-Salem 

Coroner Dr .W. N. Dalton Winston-Salem 

Surveyor June Leinbach Winston-Salem 

County Health Officer Dr. R. L. Carlton Winston-Salem 

Supt. of Schools T. H. Cash Winston-Salem 

Supt. of Public Welfare A. W. Cline Winston-Salem 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Elizabeth Tuttle Winston-Salem 

Colored Mrs. Lottie Hairston Winston-Salem 

Farm Demonstration Agent S. R. Mitchiner Winston-Salem 

Chmn. Bd. Education Frank A. Stith Winston-Salem 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Edward S. Heefner, Jr Winston-Salem 

District Game and Fish Protector . J. E. Scott Clemmons 

County Attorney Nat S. Crews Winston-Salem 

County Librarian Janet Trotter Winston-Salem 

Winston-Salem Municipal Court : 

Judge Leroy Sams Winston-Salem 

Solicitor Walter E. Johnson Winston-Salem 

Commissioners 

Chairman James G. Haries Winston-Salem 

Commissioner Dr. D. C. Speas Winston-Salem 

Commissioner Roy W. Craft Winston-Salem 

FRANKLIN 

Franklin County was formed in 1779 from Bute. Was named in honor of 
Benjamin Franklin. 

Population, 30,382 County Seat, Louisburg 

State Senators 6th District O. B. Moss Spring Hope 

Willie Lee Lumpkin Louisburg 

Member House of Representatives .. E. H. Malone Louisburg 

Clerk of Court John W. King ; Louisburg 

Register of Deeds Alex T. Wood Louisburg 

Sheriff John P. Moore Louisburg 

Treasurer First-Cit. Bank & Tr. Louisburg 

Tax Collector K. A. Braswell ...Louisburg 

County Accountant J. H. Boone Louisburg 

Coroner Willis Perry Louisburg 

County Health Officer Dr. S. P. Burt Louisburg 



County Government 521 

Office Officer Address 

Supt. of Schools Wiley F. Mitchell Louisburg 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. J. F. Mitchiner Louisburg 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Lillie Mae Braxton Louisburg 

Colored Mildred Payton Louisburg 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Walter Fuller Louisburg 

Colored H. ti. Price Louisburg 

Chmn. Bd. Education Paul W. Elan Louisburg 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Philip R. Inscoe Castalia 

District Game and Fish Protector .. Phil Wilson Bunn 

County Attorney E. F. Griffin Louisburg 

County Librarian Nannie Crowder Louisburg 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Hamilton H. Hobgood Louisburg 

Solicitor E. F. Griffin Louisburg 

Commissioners 

Chairman H. S. Pearce Franklinton 

Commissioner Leonard Sturdivant Castalia, Rt. I 

Commissioner , L. O. Tharrington Louisburg 

Commissioner F. W. Justice Louisburg, Rt. 1 

Commissioner J. Ira Weldon Louisburg 

GASTON 
Gaston County was formed in 1846 from Lincoln. Was named in honor of 
Judge William Gaston, Member of Congress and Justice of the Supreme Court of 
North Carolina. From 1846 to 1852 Gaston voted with Lincoln and Catawba. 

Population, 87.531 County Seat, Gastonia 

State Senator 26th District R. Grady Rankin Gastonia 

Members House of Representatives W. P. Grier Gastonia 

David P. Dellinger Cherryville 

Clerk of Court Paul E. Monroe Gastonia 

Register of Deeds Howard R. Thompson Gastonia 

Sheriff Hoyle T. Efird Gastonia 

Treasurer E. L. Froneberger Gastonia 

Auditor Claude E. Dent Gastonia 

Tax Supervisor Fred H. Shuford Gastonia 

Tax Collector Fred H. Shuford Gastonia 

County Accountant Plaude E. Dent Gastonia 

Coroner Wm. G. McLean Gastonia 

County Health Officer Dr. R. E. Rhyne Gastonia 

Supt. of Schools Hunter Huss Gastonia 

Supt. of Public Welfare T. Graham Ponder Gastonia 

Home Demonstration Agent Lucile Tatum Gastonia 

Farm Demonstration Agent Paul Kiser Gastonia 

Chmn. Bd. Education M. A. Stroup Cherryville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections James Mullen Gastonia 

District Game & Fish Protector Sherman Guffey Bessemer City 

County Attorney H. B. Gaston Belmont 

County Librarian Mis. Bruce Heafner Bessemer City, KID 

Veterans Service Officer Vernon Upton Gastonia 

Recorder's Courts : 
Bessemer City : 

Judge J. D. McLean Bessemer City 

Solicitor Henry L. Kiser Bessemer City 



522 North Carolina Manual 

Olii, , Officer Address 

Cherryville : 

Judge Steve Stroup Cherryville 

Solicitor David P. Dellinger Cherryville 

( iastonia : 

Judge .. L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

Solicitor O. F. Mason, Jr Gastonia 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. L. Stowe Belmont 

Commissioner B. B. Gardner Gastonia 

Commissioner J. W. Summey Dallas 

Commissioner C. Edwin Hutchinson Mount Holly 

Commissioner Fred Ormand Bessemer City 

Commissioner R. E. Eaker Cherryville 

GATES 
Gates County was formed in 1778 from Chowan, Perquimans, and Hertford. 
Was named in honor of General Horatio Gates, who commanded the American 
Army at the battle of Saratoga. At this battle an entire British Army was 
captured, but General Gates conti United nothing to that success. It is regarded as 
one of the most important battles in the history of the world. 

Population, 10,060 County Seat, Gatesville 

State Senators 1st District Chas. H. Jenkins Aulander 

Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Member House of Representatives ...Clarence P. Hathaway Sunbury 

Clerk of Court L. C. Hand Gatesville 

Register of Deeds Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Sheriff L. F. Overman Gatesville 

Treaurer . Bank of Gates Gatesville 

Auditor Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Tax Supervior Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Tax Collector .... L. F. Overman Gatesville 

County Accountant Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

County Health Officer Dr. W. R. Parker Gatesville 

Supt. of Schools W. Henry Overman Gatesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Clarine G. Carter ... Gatesville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Ona Patterson Gatesville 

Colored Elizabeth Andrews Gatesville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John W. Artz Gatesville 

Colored H. L. Mitchell Gatesville 

Chmn. Bd. Education H. F. Parker Eure 

Chmn. Bd. Elections P. L. Hofler Gatesville 

District Game & Fish Protector D. E. Barnes Corapeake 

Forest Warden H. L. Langston, Jr Gates 

County Attorney Hubert Eason Gatesville 

County Criminal Court 

Judge E. S. A. Ellenor Gates 

Solicitor Hubert Eason Gatesville 

Commissioners 

Chairman C. H. Carter Hobbsville 

Commissioner W. L. Askew ...Eure 



County Government 523 

Office Officer Address 

Commissioner A. H. Russell Rodueo 

Commissioner J. E. Gregory ... Sunbury 

Commissioner T. J. Stallings .. Hobbsville 

GRAHAM 
Graham County was formed in 1872 from Cherokee. Was named in honor 
of Governor William A. Graham, United States Senator, Governor of North 
Carolina, Secretary of the Navy, Confederate States Senator. Graham County 
voted with Cherokee until 1883. 

Population, 6,418 County Seat, Robbinsville 

State Senator 33rd District Baxter C. Jones Bryson City 

Member House of Representatives Ray McClung Robbinsville 

Clerk of Court Ray Carver Robbinsville 

Register of Deeds Harvey Odom Robbinsville 

Sheriff J- B. Crisp Robbinsville 

Auditor R. P- Jenkins Robbinsville 

Tax Supervisor J. F. Hyde Robbinsville 

Tax Collector G. E. Brewer Robbinsville 

County Accountant R. P. Jenkins Robbinsville 

Coroner Sam Sharp Robbinsville 

Surveyor .. Roy Sherrill Robbinsville 

Supt. of Schools F. S. Griffin Robbinsville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. O. A. Bales Robbinsville 

Home Demonstration Agent Louise Burnette ...Robbinsville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Oscar Phillips Robbinsville 

Chmn. Bd. Education Patton Phillips Robbinsville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

District Game & Fish Protector Charley Garland Robbinsville 

Forest Warden Wayne Ayers Robbinsville 

County Attorney R. L. Phillips Robbinsville 

County Librarian Mrs. Sarah H. Lloyd Murphy 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. D. Allen Tapoco 

Covnmissioner Henry Collins Santeetlah 

Ccmmissioner Clyde Lovin Robbinsville 

GRANVILLE 

* 

Granville County was formed in 1746 from Edgecombe. Was named in 
honor of John Carteret, Earl Granville, who owned the Granville District. He 
was Prime Minister under King George II, and a very brilliant man. 

Population, 29,344 County Seat, Oxford 

State Senators 14th District John S. Watkins Oxford 

Claude Currie Durham 

Member House of Representatives F. W. Hancock, III Oxford 

Clerk of Court A. W. Graham. Jr Oxford 

Register of Deeds C. R. Dickerson Oxford 

Sheriff E. P. Davis Oxford 

Auditor W. J. Webb Oxford 

Tax Supervisor W. J. Webb Oxford 

County Accountant W. J. Webb Oxford 

Corcner F. Earle Hunt Oxford 

County Health Officer Dr. Ballard Norwood Oxford 

Supt. of Schools B. D. Bunn Oxford 



524 North Carolina Manual 

Offici Officer Address 

Supt. of Public Welfare Madeline Hall Oxford 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Dorothy Wilkinson Oxford 

Colored Mary Parham Oxford 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White C. "V. Morgan Oxford 

Colored J. K. Redding Oxford 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. R. L. Noblin Oxford 

Chmn. Bd. Elections John N. Watkins, Jr Oxford 

County Attorney T. G. Stem Oxford 

County Librarian Mrs. Edith F. Cannady Oxford 

Veterans Service Officer T. G. Stem, Jr Oxford 

Recorder's Court 

Judge R. W. Winston Oxford 

Solicitor T. S. Royster Oxford 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. D. Mangum Oxford, Rt. 1 

Commissioner R. H. Whitfield Creedmoor 

Commissioner '. R. T. Eakes Oxford, Rt. 4 

Commissioner Fielding Knott Oxford, Rt. 2 

Commissioner A. H. A. Williams Oxford 

GREENE 

Greene County was formed in 1799 from Glasgow. Was named in honor of 
General Nathaniel Greene, Washington's "right-hand man." Next to Washington, 
General Greene is regarded as the greatest soldier of the Revolution. He fought 
the battle of Guilford Courthouse and saved North Carolina from the British. 

Population, 18,548 County Seat, Snow Hill 

State Senators 7th District D. L. Ward New Bern 

R. A. Whitaker Kinston 

Member House of Representatives .. Alonzo C. Edwards Hookerton 

Clerk of Court J. E. Mewborn Snow Hill 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Beulah R. Edwards Snow Hill 

Sheriff H. K. Cobb Snow Hill 

Treasurer B. S. Albritton Snow Hill 

Auditor Gee. W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Tax Supervisor Geo. W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Tax Collector W. R. Lane ' Snow Hill 

Coroner G. A. Wooten Snow Hill 

County Health Officer Dr. S. P. McPheeters Snow Hill 

Supt. of Schools B. L. Davis ■ Snow Hill 

Supt. of Public Welfare Rachel Payne Sugg Snow Hi!! 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Nell Butler Snow Hill 

Farm Demonstration Agent A. J Harrell Snow Hill 

Chmn. Bd. Education E. S. Taylor Walstonburg 

Chmn. Bd. Elections H. Maynard Hicks Snow Hill 

District Game & Fish Protector W. L. Heath •* Snow Hill 

Forest Warden J. C. Joyner Snow Hill, Rt. 3 

County Attorney Walter G. Sheppard Snow Hill 

County Librarian Mrs. Edna L. Baker Snow Hill 

Veterans Service Officer C. W. Beaman Snow Hill 

County Court 

Judge Walter G. Sheppard Snow Hill 

Solicitor C. W. Beaman Snow Hill 



County Government 



Commissioners 

Chairman J- S. Whitley Walstonburg 

Commissioner Lemuel Dawson Snow Hill, Rt. o 

Commissioner L. F. Herring Snow Hill, Rt. 3 

Commissioner W. B. Gay .Walstonburg 

Commissioner E. E. Butts Hookerton 

GUILFORD 
Guilford County was formed in 1770 from Rowan and Orange. Was named 
in honor of Francis North, Earl of Guilford, an English nobleman. He was the 
father of Lord North, who was Prime Minister under King George III during the 
Revolution. Lord North afterwards succeeded his father as Earl of Guilford. 

Population, 153,916 County Seat, Greensboro 

State Senator 17th District George T. Penny Greensboro 

Members House of Representatives Robert Moseley Greensboro 

Walter E. Crissman High Point 

Frank R. Hutton Greensboro 

Clyde A. Shreve Stokesdale 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Joseph P. Shore Greensboro 

Register of Deeds J. H. McAdoo Greensboro 

Sheriff John W. Walters Greensboro 

Treasurer W. C. Johnson Greensboro 

Auditor J. T. Harrington Greensboro 

Tax Supervisor T. R. Short Greensboro 

Tax Collector T. R. Short Greensboro 

County Accountant J. T. Harrington Greensboro 

Coroner Dr. W. W. Harvey Greensboro 

Surveyor Ralph D. Stout Greensboro 

County Health Officer Dr. R. M. Buie Greensboro 

Supt. of Schools E. D. Idol Greensboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Blanche Carr Sterne Greensboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Nell C. Kennett Greensboro 

Colored Rosa T. Winchester Greensboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. I. Wagoner Greensboro 

Colored B. A. Hall Greensboro 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. H. Joyner Whitsett 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. Leslie Abbott Greensboro 

District Game & Fish Protector A. D. Neal Stokesdale 

County Manager J. Harry Weatherly Greensboro 

County Attorney T. C. Hoyle Greensboro 

County Librarian Mrs. Nellie Rowe Jones Greensboro 

Veterans Service Officer John W. Clay Greensboro 

Greensboro Municipal Co. Court 

Judge Criminal Division E. Earle Rives Greensboro 

Solicitor E. D. Kuykendall Greensboro 

Greensboro Municipal Co. Court 

Judge Civil Division S. B. Weinstein Greensboro 

High Point Municipal Co. Court 

Judge Don C. MacRae High Point 

Solicitor L. J. Fisher, Jr High Point 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. A. Doggett Greensboro 

Commissioner Wm. G. Ragsdale, Jr Jamestown 



526 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

Commissioner Chas. J. Hunt Pleasant Garden 

Commission,!- Lloyd C. Amos Greensboro 

Commissioner F. Logan Porter High Point 

HALIFAX 
Halifax County was formed in 1758 from Edgecombe. Was named in honor 
of George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax, president of the Board of Trade, 
which had control of the colonies before the Revolution. 

Population. 56,512 County Seat, Halifax 

State Senators 4th District Julian Allsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

L. H. Fountain Tarboro 

Member House of Representatives Joseph Branch Enfield 

Clerk of Court George A. Hux Halifax 

Register of Deeds F. D. Wilson Halifax 

Sheriff H. A House Halifax 

Auditor . C. *S. Vinson Halifax 

Tax Supervisor C. S. Vinson Halifax 

Tax Collector E. H. Smith Halifax 

County Accountant C. S. Vinson Halifax 

Coroner Rufus Britton Roanoke Rapids 

County Health Officer Dr. Robert F. Young Halifax 

Supt. of Schools V. C. Matthews Halifax 

Supt. of Public Welfare J. B. Hall Halifax 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Florence Cox Halifax 

Colored Rath Whitworth Enfield 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. O. Davis Halifax 

Colored D. J. Knight Halifax 

Chmn. Bd. Education R. C. Rives Enfield 

Chmn. Bd. Elections S. W. Dickens Enfield 

District Game & Fish Protector C. M. Pettitt Enfield 

Forest Warden C. T.Lawrence Scotland Neck 

County Attorney Irwin Clark Scotland Neck 

County Librarian Mrs. Gay Spivey Halifax 

Veterans Service Officers E. H. Stallings Enfield 

Frank A. Cole Roanoke Rapids 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Chas. R. Daniel Weldon 

Solicitor Wade H. Dickens Scotland Neck 

Commissioners 

Chairman D. G. Dickens Littleton 

Commissioner J. R. Wrenn Roanoke Rapids 

Commissioner Meade H. Mitchell Weldon 

Commissioner John B. Davis Enfield 

Commissioner G. H. Johnson Scotland Neck 

HARNETT 
Harnett County was formed in 1855 from Cumberland. Was named in honor 
of Cornelius Harnett, eminent Revolutionary patriot, President of the Provincial 
Council, President of the Council of Safety, delegate to the Continental Congress, 
author of the Halifax Resolution of April 12, 1776. Harnett voted with Cum- 
berland until 1865. 

Population, 44,239 County Seat, Lillington 



County Government 527 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 12th District L. M. Cnaffin Lillington 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage 

Member House of Representatives. ...Allison L. Overby Angier 

Clerk of Court Howard Godwin Lillington 

Register of Deeds . Inez Harrington Lillington 

Sheriff W. E. Salmon Lillington 

Auditor H. U. < ar^on Lillington 

Tax Supervisor Berks C. Johnson Lillington 

Tax Collector W. D. Harrington Lillington 

Coroner C. B. Allred Lillington 

Surveyor Waiter J_.ee Johnson Lillington 

Countv Health Officer Dr. W. B. Hunter Lillington 

Supt. "of Schools C. Reid Ross Lillington 

Supt. of Public Welfare Wilma Williams ...Angier 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Rachel Herring Lillington 

Colored Mrs. Ida P. Hinnant Lillington 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White R. Amnions Lillington 

Colored L. K. Boston Lillington 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. G. L. Hooper Dunn 

Chmn. Bd. Elections ..: H. C. Strickland Angier 

District Game and Fish Protector. ...T. J. Turlington Dunn, Rt. 3 

County Attorney H. C. Strickland Angier 

Forest Warden T. J. Turlington Dunn, Rt. 3 

County Librarian Mrs. Lucille Byrd Bunnlevel 

Veterans Service Officer 1^. B. McLean Erwin 

County Recorder's Court: 

Judge F- H. Taylor Buies Creek 

Solicitor M. O. Lee Lillington 

Dunn Recorder's Court : 

Judge Everette L. Doffermyre Dunn 

Solicitor C. L. Guy Dunn 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. B. Ennis Benson, Rt. 1 

Commissioner L. R. Byrd Erwin. Rt. 1 

Commissioner Angus A. Cameron Jonesboro, Rt. 1 

Commissioner R. L. Pate Erwin 

Commissioner Ferd D.Jackson Buies Creek 

HAYWOOD 

Haywood County was formed in 1808 from Buncombe. Was named in honor 
of John Haywood, who for forty years (1787-1827) was the popular Treasurer 
of the State. 

Population, 34,804 County Seat, Waynesville 

State Senators 32nd District William Medford Waynesville 

Verne P. Clement Brevard 

Member House of Representatives Glenn C. Palmer Clyde, Rt. 1 

Clerk of Court C. H. Leatherwood Waynesville 

Register of Deeds B. D. Medford Waynesville 

Sheriff R. V. Welch Waynesville 

Treasurer Chas. H. Metcalfe Waynesville 

Auditor Chas. H. Metcalfe Waynesville 

Tax Supervisor Sebe T. Bryson Waynesville 

Tax Collector Sebe T. Bryson Waynesville 



528 North Carolina Manual 



Otjii, Officer Address 

County Accountant Chas. H. Metcalfe Waynesville 

Coroner J. Frank Pate Canton 

Surveyor H. P. Ledbetter Hazelwood 

County Health Officer Dr. Mary Michal Waynesville 

Supt. of Schools Jack Messer Waynesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Sam L. Queen Waynesville 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary Margaret Smith Waynesville 

Farm Demonstration* Agent Wayne Corpening Waynesville 

Chmn. Bd. Education R. T. Messer Waynesville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections C. G. Bryson Canton 

District Game & Fish Protector ... Ruf us Ratcliff Waynesville 

Forest Warden R. E. Caldwell Maggie 

County Manager Geo. A. Brown. Jr Waynesville 

County Attorney M. G. Stamey Waynesville 

County Librarian Margaret Johnson Waynesville 

Veterans Service Officer James Hardin Howell, Jr. Waynesville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Geo. A. Brown, Jr. Waynesville 

Commissioner J. R. Hipps Waynesville 

Commissioner D. J. Noland '.. Waynesville 

HENDERSON 

Henderson County was formed in 1838 from Buncombe. Was named in 
honor of Leonard Henderson, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of North 
Carolina. 

Population. 26,049 County Seat, Hendersonville 

State Senators 32nd District William Medford Waynesville 

Verne P. Clement Brevard 

Member House of Representatives .. L. L. Burgin Horse Shoe 

Clerk of Court Geo. W. Fletcher Hendersonville 

Register of Deeds Frank L. Fitzsimons Hendersonville 

Sheriff F. D. Dalton Hendersonville 

Tax Supervisor Mrs. Virginia Harrell Hendersonville 

Tax Collector J. M. Stewart Hendersonville 

County Accountant D. G. Wilkie Hendersonville 

Coroner Bruce A. Cox Hendersonville 

Surveyor G. W. Justice Hendersonville 

County Health Officer Dr. T. W. Sumner Fletcher 

Supt. of Schools R. G. Anders Hendersonville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Lucinda C. Cole Hendersonville 

Home Demonstration Agent Ann Benson Priest Hendersonville 

Farm Demonstration Agent D. W. Bennett Hendersonville 

Chmn. Bd. Education Floyd Osborne Horse Shoe 

Chmn. Bd. Elections L. T. Dermid Hendersonville 

District Game & Fish Protector ... S. S. Whitaker Horse Shoe 

Forest Warden Jim Rhodes Edneyville 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge O. B. Crowell Hendersonville 

Solicitor J. E. Shipman Hendersonville 

Commissioners 

Chairman D. G. Wilkie Hendersonville 

Commissioner F. V. Hunter Hendersonville 

Commissioner M. L. Walker Hendersonville 



County Government 529 

hertford 

Hertford County was formed in 1759 from Chowan, Bertie, and Northampton. 
Was named in honor of Francis Seymour Conway, Marquis of Hertford, an English 
nobleman. He was a brother of General Conway, a distinguished British soldier 
and member of Parliament, who favored the repeal of the Stamp Act. The word 
Hertford is said to mean "Red Ford." 

Population, 19,352 County Seat, Winton 

State Senators 1st District Chas. H. Jenkins Aulander 

Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Member House of Representatives ... R. H. Underwood Murfreesboro 

Office ' Officer Address 

Clerk of Court A. W. Greene Winton 

Register of Deeds T. D. Northcott Winton 

Sheriff C. W. Parker Winton 

Auditor H. J. Brown Winton 

Tax Supervisor T. M. Condon Winton 

Tax Collector T. M. Condon Winton 

County Accountant H. J. Brown Winton 

County Health Officer Dr. W. R. Parker Winton 

Supt. of Schools J. R. Brown Winton 

Supt. of Public Welfare J. R. Raper .Winton 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mildred Aycock Winton 

Colored Clara O. York Winton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. W. Ballentine Winton 

Colored L. J. McDougle Winton 

Chran. Bd. Education George T. Underwood Murfreesboro 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

District Game & Fish Protector ...J. H. Vinson Winton 

Forest Warden J. R. Jordan Winton 

County Attorney C. W. Jones Winton 

County Librarian Mary Williams Winton 

Veterans Service Officer J. D. Blythe Ahoskie 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge W. D. Boone Winton 

Solicitor J. D. Blythe Ahoskie 

Commissioners 

Chairman B. N. Sykes Ahoskie 

Commissioner W. C. Ferguson Murfreesboro 

Commissioner R. C. Brett Como 

Commissioner Hunter Sharp Harrellsville 

Commissioner T. W. Sears Ahoskie, RFD 

Commissioner .Fred Jones Winton 

HOKE 

Hoke County was formed in 1911 from Cumberland and Robeson. Was 
named in honor of Robert F. Hoke, of North Carolina. Major-General in the 
Confederate States Army. 

Population, 14,937 County Seat. Ra< 

State Senators 12th District L. M. Chaffin Lillington 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage 

Member House of Representatives H. A. Greene Raeford 

Clerk of Court J. B. Cameron Raeford 

Register of Deeds W. W. Roberts Raeford 



530 North Carolina Manual 

( mice Officer Address 

Sheriff D. H. Hodgin Raeford 

Auditor J- A. McGoogan Raeford 

Tax Supervisor J- A. McGoogan Raeford 

Tax Collector D. H. Hodgin Raeford 

County Accountant J- A. McGoogan Raeford 

Coroner W. L. Roper Raeford 

Surveyor . J- H. Blue Raeford 

Countv Health Officer Dr. J. W. Willcox Carthage 

Supt. <>f Schools K. A. McDonald Raeford 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. C. H. Giles Raeford 

Homo Demonstration Agent Josephine Hall Raeford 

Farm Demonstration Agent A. S. Knowles Raeford 

Chmn. Bd. Education Carl G. Riley Raeford, RFD 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Wm. L. Poole Raeford 

District Game & Fish Protector ... H. R. McLean Raeford, RFD 

Forest Warden C. F. McBryde Raeford, RFD 

County Attorney A. D. Gore Raeford 

Countv Librarian Mrs. Ina P. Bethune Raeford 

Veterans Service Officer Marion Maxwell Raeford 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Henry McDiarmid Raeford 

Solicitor N. McN. Smith Raeford 

Commissioners 

Chairman F- Knox Watson Red Springs, RFD 

Commissioner N. B. Sinclair Raefor.l 

Commissioner E. R. Pickler ...Aberdeen, RFD 

Commissioner F. A. Monroe Raeford. RFD 

Commissioner Hector McNeill Raeford, RFD 

HYDE 
Hyde County was formed in 1705 from Bath. Called Wickham until about 
1712. Named Hyde in honor of Governor Edward Hyde, of North Carolina, a 
grandson of the Earl of Clarendon. The Earl was one of the Lords Proprietors. 
Governor Hyde was a first cousin of Queen Anne. 

Population, 7,860 County Seat, Swan Quartet 

State Senators 2nd District Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

John C. Rodman Washington 

Member House of Representatives ...C. L. Bell Swan Quarter 

Clerk of Court Ralph L. Roper Swan Quarter 

Register of Deeds Bonner R. Lee Swan Quarter 

Sheriff Claude D. Da\is Swan Quarter 

Treasurer E. Carolina Bk. & Trust Co Swan Quarter 

Auditor Maude W. Jones Swan Quarter 

Tax Supervisor Maude W. Jones Swan Quarter 

Tax Collector Claude D. Davis Swan Quarter 

County Accountant Maude W. Jones Swan Quarter 

Coroner C. Pratt Williamson Swan Quarter 

County Health Officer Dr. D. E. Ford Washington 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Esther Williams (acting) ... Swan Quarter 

Supt. of Schools N. W. Shelton Swan Quarter 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Iberia Tunnell Swan Quarter 

Farm Demonstration Agent J. P. Woodard Swan Quarter 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. J. W. Miller Engelhard 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Ben Mason, Sr Swan Quartet- 
District Game & Fish Protector ... Linwood Turner Swan Quarter 

Forest Warden Archie Berry Fairfield 

County Attorney O. L. Williams Swan Quarter 

County Librarian Mrs. Ford S. Worthy , Washington 



County Government 531 

0)nce Officer Address 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Wm. I. Cochran Swan Quarter 

Solicitor O. L. Williams Swan Quarter 

Commissioners 

Chairman J- S. Mason Swan Quarter 

Commissioner J. E. Berry Lake Landing 

Commissioner A. L. Cuthrell Fairfield 

IREDELL 
Iredell County was formed in 1788 from Rowan. Named in honor of James 
Iredell, of Edenton, who was one of the foremost lawyers of the State. In 1788 
and 1789 he was one of the leaders in the State in advocating the adoption of 
tne Constitution of the United States. His speeches in the Convention of 1788 
at Hillsboro were among the ablest delivered by any of the advocates of the 
Constitution. Washington .appointed him in 1790 a Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States. 
Population, 50,424 County Seat, Statesville 

State Senators 25th District Sheldon M. Roper Lincolnton 

John R. McLaughlin Statesville 

Member House of Representatives .. John F. Matheson Mooresville 

Clerk of Court C. G. Smith Statesville 

Register of Deeds Mariemma Henley Statesville 

Sheriff Walter D. Morrison Statesville 

Treasurer John T. Gillespie Statesville 

Auditor C. D. Stevenson Statesville 

Tax Supervisor C. D. Stevenson Statesville 

Tax Collector John T. Gillespie Statesville 

County Accountant C. D. Stevenson Statesville 

Coroner N. D. Tomlin Statesville 

Supt. of Schools T. Ward Guy Statesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. R. M. Rickert Statesville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mary B. Strickland Statesville 

Colored Juanita Stokes Statesville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Roger W. Murdock Troutman 

Colored E. C. Lackey Statesville 

Chmn. Bd. Education C. H.Knox Cool Springs 

Chmn. Bd. Elections W. W. Hartness Statesville 

District Game & Fish Protector H. A. Robertson Statesville 

County Manager C. D. Stevenson Statesville 

County Attorney Z. V. Turlington Statesville 

County Librarian Mary Neal Conner Statesville 

Veterans Service Officer S. C. Morrison Statesville 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge C. B. Winberry Statesville 

Solicitor Macon Simons Statesville 

Mooresville Recorder's Court : 

Judge H. A. Holstead Mooresville 

Solicitor George A. Morrow Mooresville 

Commissioners 

Chairman John F. Long Statesville 

Commissioner J. L. McLain Troutman 

Commissioner W. E. Webb, Sr Statesville 

Commissioner R. L. Shoemaker Statesville 

Commissioner R. H Kennedy Statesville 



532 North Carolina Manual 

JACKSON 
Jackson County was formed in 1851 from Haywood a.nd Macon. Named 
in honor of Andrew Jackson, who was born in Mecklenburg County (the site of 
his birthplace is now in Union), won the brilliant victory over the British at New 
Orleans, in L815, and was twice elected President of the United States. 

Population, 1.9,366 County Seat, Sylva 

State Senators 32nd District William Medford Waynesville 

Verne P. Clement Brevard 

Member House of Representatives Dan Tompkins Sylva 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Roy M. Cowan Sylva 

Register of Deeds Glenn Hughes . Sylva 

Sheriff C. G. Middleton Sylva 

Treasurer Jennings A. Bryson Sylva 

Tax Collector H. L. Holden Sylva 

Coroner C. W. Dills Dillsboro 

Surveyor Rogers Coward Webster 

Countv Health Officer Dr. Mary Michal Waynesville 

Supt. of Schools A. C. Moses Sylva 

Supt. of Public Welfare G. C. Henson Sylva 

Home Demonstration Agent Josephine Johnston Sylva 

Farm Demonstration Agent M. L. Snipes Sylva 

Chmn. Bd. Education Chas. Smith Sylva 

Chmn. Bd. Elections .....' John E. Henson Sylva 

District Game & Fish Protector ...W. B. Cope Sylva 

• Forest Warden Mack Ashe Sylva 

County Attorney Dan K. Moore Sylva 

County Librarian Mrs. Helen H. Kittrell Bryson City 

Veterans Service Officer T. W. Ashe Sylva 

Commissioners 

Chairman Jennings A. Bryson Sylva 

Commissioner M. V. Breedlove : Glenville 

Commissioner Ed Fisher Sylva 

JOHNSTON 
Johnston County was formed in 1746 from Craven. Afterwards parts of 
Duplin and Orange were added. Was named in honor of Gabriel Johnston, 
Governor of North Carolina from 1734 to 1752. 

Population, 63,798 County Seat, Smithfield 

State Senators 8th District Lawrence H. Wallace Smithfield 

Thomas O'Berry Goldsboro 

Members House of Representatives Ronald Hocutt Wendell 

G. A. Martin Smithfield 

Clerk of Court H. V.Rose Smithfield 

Register of Deeds W. G. Massey Smithfield 

Sheriff C. L. Denning Smithfield 

Treasurer > J. Narvin Creech Smithfield 

Auditor J Marvin Johnson Smithfield 

Tax Collector G.Ira Ford Smithfield 

Coroner J- D. Creech Smithfield 

Surveyor . C. B. Fulghum Selma 

Countv Health Officer Dr. E. S. Grady Smithfield 

Supt. of Schools H. B. Marrow Smithfield 

Supt. of Public Welfare W. T. Woodard, Jr Selma 



County Government 533 

Office Officer Address 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Margaret Clarke Smithfield 

Colored Lucy O. Toole Smithfield 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White M. A. Morgan Smithfield 

Colored L. R. Johnson Smithfield 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. H. Call Selma 

Chmn. Bd. Elections L. L. Levinson Benson 

District Game & Fish Protector ...W. H. Norton Smithfield 

Forest Warden Alfred Coats Four Oaks 

County Attorney Hugh Page Clayton 

County Librarian Virginia Williamson Smithfield 

Veterans Service Officer W. M. Gaskin Smithfield 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge William I. Godwin Selma 

Solicitor „ P. D. Grady, Jr Kenly 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. P. Holding Smithfield 

Commissioner J. B. Wooten Princeton, Rt. 1 

Commissioner J. Dobbin Bailey Kenly 

Commissioner T\ M. Pleasant Angier, Rt. 1 

Commissioner Jesse H. Austin Clayton 

JONES 

Jones County was formed in 1778 from Craven. Was named in honor of 
Willie Jones, of Halifax. He was one of the leading patriots of the Revolution, 
was President of the Council of Safety, and was opposed to the adoption of the 
Constitution of the United States. It was due to his influence that the Conven- 
tion of 1788 rejected it. 

Population, 10,926 County Seat, Trenton 

State Senators 7th District D. L. Ward New Bern 

R. A. Whitaker Kinston 

Member House of Representatives .. R. P. Bender Pollocksville 

Clerk of Court W. Murray Whitaker Trenton 

Register of Deeds G. G. Noble Trenton 

Sheriff Jeter Taylor Trenton 

Treasm-er Branch Bk. & Trust Co Trenton 

Auditor Swindell Pollock Trenton 

Tax Supervisor Swindell Pollock T ronton 

Tax Collector Zelle Pollock Trenton 

County Accountant Swindell Pollock Trenton 

Coroner E. B. Barker Trenton 

Surveyor J. R. Burt Trenton 

Supt. of Schools W. B. Moore Trenton 

Supt. of Public Welfare F. J. Koonce Trenton 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Virginia B. Pollock Trenton 

Colored Alma L. Little Trenton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White \. V. Thomas Trenton 

Colored W. N. Payton Trenton 

Chmn. Bd. Education E. M. Philyaw Comfort 

Chmn. Bd. Elections B. L. Brock Trenton 

District Game & Fish Protector .. Carlton R. Parker Pollocksville 

Forest Warden W. O. Parker Pollocksville 

County Attorney Geo. R. Hughes Trenton 



534 North Carolina Manual 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. G. Hargett Richlands 

Commissioner L. B. Diilahunt Richlands 

Commissioner B.O.Taylor Kinston, Rt. -1 

Commissioner J- C. Foscue ...Maysville 

Commissioner G. O. Mallard ...Trenton 

LEE 
Lee County was formed in 1907 from Chatham and Moore. Named in honor 
of Robert E. Lee. 

Population, 18,743 County Seat, Sanford 

State Senators 13th District R. N. Simms, Jr Raleigh 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Member House of Representatives ...Woodrow W. Seymour Sanford 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court E. M. Underwood Sanford 

Register of Deeds . Jno. W. Mcintosh Sanford 

Sheriff A. Glenn Buchanan Sanford 

Auditor Everett, Zane & Muse Sanford 

Tax Supervisor Flora Wyche Sanford 

Tax Collector W. H. Campbell Sanford 

County Accountant Flora Wyche Sanford 

Coroner J- H. Byerly Sanford 

Surveyor J- Chandler Eakes Sanford 

County Health Officer Dr. Lynn Mclver Sanford 

Supt. of Schools G. R. Wheeler Sanford 

Supt. of Public Welfare J- D. Pegram Sanford 

Home Demonstration Agent Gaynelle Hogan Sanford 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White K. S. Harmon Sanford 

Colored J- A. Overton Sanford 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. Waylon Blue Jonesboro 

Chmn. Bd. Elections John Lyles : Sanford 

Forest Warden A. C. Farrell Sanford, RFD 

County Attorney D. B. Teague Sanford 

County Librarian Marion Middleton Sanford 

Veterans Service Officer W. D. Gregson Sanford 

County Court: 

Judge S. Ray Byerly Sanford 

Solicitor J. G. Edwards Sanford 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. R. Makepeace, Jr Sanford 

Commissioner H. H. Brewer Jonesboro 

Commissioner J. M. Willcox Sanford, RFD 

Commissioner J. T. Ledwell Sanford 

Commissioner C. N. Castleberry Jonesboro, RFD 

LENOIR 
Lenoir County was formed in 1791 from Dobbs and Craven. Was named 
in honor of General William Lenoir, one of the heroes of King's Mountain. 

Population, 41,211 County Seat, Kinston 

State Senators 7th District R. \. Whitaker Kirston 

D. L. Ward New Bern 

Member House of Representatives... F. E. Wallace Kinston 

Clerk of Court John S. Davis Kinston 

Register of Deeds Camille Aldridge Kinston 



County Government 535 

Office Officer Address 

Sheriff S. R. Churchill Kinston 

Auditor Katie Cobb : Kinston 

Tax Supervisor M. G. Williams Kinston 

Tax Collector M. G. Williams Kinston 

Coroner Raymond T. Jarman Kinston 

Surveyor J. L. Foy Kinston 

County Health Officer Dr. R. J. Jones Kinston 

Supt. of Schools E. E. Sams , Kinston 

Supt. of Public Welfare G. B. Hanrahan Kinston 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Jean Murphy Kinston 

Colored Victoria Black Kinston 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White F. J. Koonce Kinston 

Colored P. G. Fuller Kinston 

Chmn. Bd. Education Horace L. Sutton Kinston 

Chmn. Bd. Elections E. R. Wooten Kinston 

District Game and Fish Protector ... D. B. Bell Kinston 

Forest Warden I. E. Brown Kinston 

County Attorney T. J. White, Jr Kinston 

County Librarian Elizabeth Stiff Kinston 

LaGrange Recorder's Court : 

Judge Henry Rouse LaGrange 

Municipal County Court of 
Kinston and Lenoir: 

Judge Albert W. Cowper Kinston 

Solicitor Phillip H. Crawford, Jr Kinston 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. L. Measley LaGrange 

Commissioner R. R. Goodman Kinston 

Commissioner B. Cameron Langston Kinston 

Commissioner ^ Harry Sutton Kinston 

Commissioner Mark N. Smith Deep Run 

LINCOLN 
Lincoln County was formed in 1779 from Tryon. Was named in honor of 
General Benjamin Lincoln, a distinguished general of the Revolution, whom 
Washington appointed to receive the sword of Lord Cornwallis at the surrender 
of Yorktown. 

Population, 24,187 County Seat, Lincolnton 

State Senators 25th District Sheldon M. Roper Lincolnton 

John R. McLaughlin Statesville 

Member House of Representatives .. Chas. F. Houser Lincolnton 

Clerk of Court Thos. E. Rhodes Lincolnton 

Register of Deeds W. H. Boring Lincolnton 

Sheriff (leo. E. Rudisill Lincolnton 

Auditor W. H. Boring Lincolnton 

Tax Supervisor R. B. Gates Lincolnton 

Tax Collector R. B. Gates Lincolnton 

County Accountant W. H. Boring Lincolnton 

Coroner Frank P. Heavner Lincolnton 

Surveyor Hoke S. Heavner Lincolnton 

County Health Officer Dr. E. H. Ellingwood Newton 

Supt. of Schools Joe R. Nixon Lincolnton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Rose W. Grigg Lincolnton 

Home Demonstration Agent Katherine Willis Lincolnton 

Farm Demonstration Agent Graham Morrison Lincolnton 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. W. G. Handy Lincolnton 



536 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. Robt. McNeely Lincolnton 

District Game and Fish Protector .. J. Lloyd Thompson Lincolnton 

County Attorney M. T. Leatherman Lincolnton 

Veterans Service Officer Macie Duncan Lincolnton 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Kemp B. Nixon Lincolnton 

Solicitor Bruce F. Heafner Lincolnton 

Commissioners 

Chairman Jas. A. Abernethy, Jr Lincolnton 

Commissioner Sam P. Wehunt Cherryville 

Commissioner P. A. Hoover Vale 

Commissioner John M. Ritchie Iron Station 

Commissioner „ Blair Wilkinson Iron Station 

MACON 
Macon County was formed in 182S from Haywood. Was named in honor 
of Nathaniel Macon, Speaker of the National House of Representatives, United 
States Senator, President of the Constitutional Convention of 1835. • 

Population, 15,880 County Seat, Franklin 

State Senator 33rd District Baxter C. Jones Bryson City 

Member House of Representatives Herbert A. McGlamery Franklin 

Clerk of Court J. Clinton Brookshire Franklin 

Register of Deeds Lake V. Shope Franklin 

Sheriff J. P. Bradley Franklin 

Treasurer J. P. Bradley Franklin 

Tax Collector J. P. Bradley Franklin 

Coroner O. L. Blaine ... Franklin 

Surveyor John H. Dalton Franklin. Rt. 3 

County Health Officer Dr. Mary Michal Waynesville 

Supt. of Schools G. L. Houk Franklin 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Eloise G. Potts Franklin 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Florence S. Sherrill Franklin 

Farm Demonstration Agent S. W. Mendenhall Franklin 

Chmn. Bd. Education C. G. Moore Franklin 

Chmn. Bd. of Elections J. J. Mann Franklin, Rt. 2 

County Attorney R. S. Jones Franklin 

County Librarian Mrs. Helen H. Kittrell Bryson City 

Veterans Service Officer Billy Bryson Franklin 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. E. Baldwin Franklin 

Commisisoner W. W. Edwards Highlands 

Commisisoner J. W. Roane Franklin, Rt. 1 

MADISON 
Madison County was formed in 1851 from Buncombe and Yancey. Was named 
in honor of James Madison, fourth President of the United States. 

Population, 22,522 County Seat, Marshall 

State Senator 30th District Roy A. Harmon Elk Park 

Member House of Representatives ... Dr. J. H. Hutchins Marshall 

Clerk of Court Fred English Marshall 

Register of Deeds A. W. Coates Marshall 

Sheriff Hubert Davis Mai-shall 

Treasurer Citizens Bank and Bank 

of French Broad Marshall 

Auditor L. Z. Eller Marshall 



County Government 537 

Office Officer Address 

Tax Supervisor Woodson Ray Marshall 

Tax Collector R- W. Ponder Marshall 

County Accountant L. Z. Eller Marshall 

Coroner C. D. Bowman Marshall 

Surveyor Birchard Shelton Marshall, Rt. 3 

County Health Officer Dr. W. A. Sams Marshall 

Supt. of Schools Mrs. Edna Rhodes Marshall 

Supt! of Public Welfare Mrs. Vanda D. Wooten ...Marshall 

Home Demonstration Agent Margaret JJeBruhl ..Marshall 

Farm Demonstration Agent Virgil L. Holloway . ...Marshall 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. Clyde Brown Waverly 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Glenn Reems Marshall, Rt. 1 

District Game and Fish Protector J. Moody Chandler Marshall, Rt. 3 

County Attorney 3. C. Ramsey Marshall 

Commissioners 

Chairman L. G. Buckner Mars Hill, Rt. 1 

Commissioner Hermon C. English. ...Flag Pond, Tenn., Rt. 1 

Commissioner J. B. McDevitt Marshall, Rt. 3 

MARTIN 
Martin County was formed in 1774 from Halifax and Tyrrell. Was named 
in honor of Josiah Martin, the last royal governor of North Carolina. It is 
probable that this name would have been changed like those of Dobbs and 
Tryon, but for the popularity of Alexander Martin, who was Governor in 1782 
and again in 1790. 

Population, 26,111 County Seat, Williamston 

State Senators 2nd District Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

John C. Rodman Washington 

Member House of Representatives. ...Charles B. Martin Jamesville 

Clerk of Court L. Bruce Wynne Williamston 

Register of Deeds J. Sam Getsinger Williamston 

Sheriff C. B. Roebuck Williamston 

Treasurer R. H. Smith Williamston 

Auditor J. Sam Getsinger Williamston 

Tax Supervisor M. L. Peel Williamston 

Tax Collector M. L. Peel Williamston 

County Accountant J. Sam Getsinger Williamston 

Coroner S. R. Biggs Williamston 

Surveyor A. Corey Jamesvill< 

County Health Officer Dr. John W. Williams Williamston 

Supt. of Schools James C. Manning Williamston 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mary W. Taylor Williamston 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Elizabeth Parker Williamston 

Colored Mrs. Cleo Tyner Williamston 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White T. B. Brandon Williamston 

Colored Richard M. Edwards Williamston 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. D. Woolard Williamston 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Sylvester Peel Williamston 

District Game and Fish Protector ...W. O. Abbitt William toil 

Forest Warden '. Marvin H. Leggett Jamesville 

County Attorney E. S. Peel Williamston 

County Librarian Mrs. Ford S. Worthy Washington 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. Joanna Martin Williamston 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge J. C. Smith Robersonvillo 

Solicitor Paul D. Roberson Kohrrsonville 



538 North Carolina Manual 

Commissioners 

Chairman ft. L. Perry Williamston, Rt. 2 

Commissioner Joshua L. Coltrain Williamston, Rt. 1 

Commissioner John Henry Edwards Williamston 

Commissioner C. Abram Roberson Roborsonville 

Commissioner R. A. Haislip Oak City 

Mcdowell 

McDowell County was formed in 1842 from Rutherford and Burke. Was 
named in honor of Colonel Joseph McDowell, an active officer of the Revolution. 
McDowell voted with Rutherford and Burke until 1854. 

Population, 22,996 County Seat, Marion 

State Senators 27th District W. W. Neal Marion 

Lee B. Weathers Shelby 

Member House of Representatives William C. Chambers Marion 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court J. F. Moody Marion 

Register of Deeds Z. L. Lackey Marion 

Sheriff C. M. Pool Marion 

Treasurer Z. L. Lackey Marion 

Tax: Supervisor Mrs. Mary G. Burgin Marion 

Tax Collector G. T. Nichols Marion 

County Accountant Mrs. Mary G. Burgin Marion 

Coroner S. J. Westmoreland Marion 

Surveyor M. V. Snypes Nebo 

County Health Officer Dr. C. N. Sisk Morganton 

Supt. of Schools N. F. Steppe Marion 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Nell G. Lonon Marion 

Home Demonstration Agent Jean Steel Marion 

Farm Demonstration Agent S. L. Homewood Nebo 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. J. B. Johnson Old Fort 

Crmn. Bd. Elections T. W. Gowan Marion, Rt. 4 

District Game and Fish Protector T. W. Gowan Marion, Rt. 4 

Forest Warden M. U. Marlow Glenwood 

County Attorney R. W. Proctor Marion 

County Librarian Alice Bryan Marion 

Veterans Service Officer Barron Caldwell Marion 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Paul J. Story Marion 

Solicitor Wm. D. Lonon Marion 

Commissioners 

Chairman I. L. Caplan Old Fort 

Commissioner C. A. Workman Marion 

Commissioner C. L. Holland Marion, Rt. 2 

MECKLENBURG 
Mecklenburg County was formed in 1762 from Anson. Was named in honor 
of Princess Charlotte, of Mecklenburg, Queen of George III. King of England. 
The county seat, Charlotte, one of the prettiest cities in the State, was also 
named in her honor. Mecklenburg County was the scene of some of the most 
stirring events in the Revolution. 

Population, 151,826 County Seat, Charlotte 

State Senator 20th District Joe L. Blythe Charlotte 

Members House of Representatives James B. Vogler Charlotte 

Harvey Morris Charlotte 

Frank K. Sims, Jr Charlotte 

Ed. T. Tonissen Charlotte 



County Government 539 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court J. Lester Wolfe Charlotte 

Register of Deeds John R. Renfrow Charlotte 

Sheriff J. Clyde Hunter Charlotte 

Treasurer Jessie C. Smith Charlotte 

Auditor G. D. Bradshaw Charlotte 

Tax Supervisor J- Arthur Henderson Charlotte 

Tax Collector ........ P- W. Davenport Charlotte 

County Accountant G. D. Bradshaw Charlotte 

Coroner W. M. Summerville Charlotte 

Surveyor J- W. Spratt Charlotte 

County Health Officer Dr. E. H. Hand Pineville 

Supt. of Schools J. W. Wilson Charlotte 

Supt. of Public Welfare Wallace H. Kuralt Charlotte, Rt. 2 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Helen John Wright Charlotte 

Colored Lovie M. Smith Charlotte 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. D. Reynolds Charlotte 

Colored W. B. Harrison Charlotte 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. B. McClintock Charlotte 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Chase Brenizer Charlotte 

District Game and Fish Protector ...Joe Withers Charlotte 

Forest Warden Joe Withers Charlotte 

County Attorney Taliaferro & Clarkson Charlotte 

County Librarian Hoyt R. Galvin Charlotte 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Fred H. Hasty Charlotte 

Solicitor Edward J. Stukes Charlotte 

City Recorder's Court: 

Judge E. McA. Currie Charlotte 

Solicitor Mercer Blankenship Charlotte 

Domestic Relations Court: 

Judge F. Marion Redd Charlotte 

Commissioners 

Chairman Sid Y. McAden Charlotte 

Commissioner Arnie D. Cashion Davidson 

Commissioner J. Caldwell McDonald Charlotte 

Commissioner Carl J. McEwen Matthews. Rt. 3 

Commissioner Sandy G. Porter Charlotte, Rt. 3 

MITCHELL 

Mitchell County was formed in 1861 from Yancey. Watauga, Caldwell, Burke 
and McDowell. Was named in honor of Dr. Elisha Mitchell, a professor in the 
University of North Carolina. While on an exploring expedition on Mt. Mitchell, 
the highest peak east of the Rocky Mountains, Dr. Mitchell fell from a high 
peak and was killed. His body is buried on top of this lofty mountain. Mitchell 
County voted with Yancey County until 1868. 

Population. 15,980 County Seat, Bakersville 

State Senator 30th District Roy A. Harmon Elk Park 

Member House of Representatives . Jeter C. Burleson Bakersville 

Clerk of Court J. H. McKinney Bakersville 

Register of Deeds R. P. Greene .Bakersville 

Sheriff Sam C. Gouge Bakersville 

Treasurer Robert Hughes Bakersville 

Auditor J. Dont Street Bakersville 



540 North Carolina Manual 

Oti: . . Officer Address 

Tax Supervisor J. Dont Street Bakersville 

Tax Collector Robert Hughes Bakersville 

County Accountant J. Dont Street Bakersville 

ner Hugh Burleson Spruce Pine 

County Health Officer Dr. B. B. McGuire Spruce Pine 

Supt. of Schools Jason B. Deyton Spruce Pine 

Supt. of Public Welfare Rayburn Yelton Bakersville 

Home Demonstration Agent Maude Searcy Bakersville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Ralph F. Shepherd Bakersville 

Chmn. Bd. Education harper Wilson Bakersville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Will H. Young Clarissa 

District Game and Fish Protector ..J. B. Ellis Toecane 

County Attorney W. C. Berry Bakersville 

Veterans Service Officer James H. DeGroat Bakersville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Dave Bryant Buladean 

Commissioner Howard Harrell Relief 

Commissioner J. L. Morgan Clari>>a 

MONTGOMERY 

Montgomery County was formed in 1778 from Anson. Was named in honor 
of the brave General Richard Montgomery, who lost his life at the battle of 
Quebec in 1775 while trying to conquer Canada. 

P. 1 1 ulation, 16,280 County Seat, Troy 

State Senators 18th District Garland S. Garriss Troy 

John W. Cole Rockingham 

Member House of Representatives ...J. Paul Wallace Troy 

k of Court Charles H. Dorsett Troy 

Register of Deeds A. A. Maness Troy 

Sheriff Earl D. B niton Troy 

Treasurer James S. Smitherman Troy 

Auditor James S. Smitherman Troy 

Tax Supervisor A. A. Maness Troy 

Tax Collector J. C. Beckwith Troy 

County Accountant James S. Smitherman Troy 

Coroner E. T. Reynolds Troy 

County Health Officer Dr. L. Wallin Wadesboro 

Supt. of Schools J. S. Edwards Troy 

Supt. of Public Welfare Frank M. Ledbetter Troy 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. David Harris Troy 

Farm Demonstration Agent A. M. Garriss Troy 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. G. H. Ridenhour ... Mt. Gileail 

Chmn. Bd. Elections W. J. Batten Mt. Gilead 

District Game and Fish Protector ...Cleat Poole Troy 

Forest Warden G. M. Alexander Mt. Gilead 

County Attorney Currie & Garriss Troy 

Veterans Service Officer E. A. Pipkin Troy 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge David H. Harris Troy 

Solicitor Bob V. Howell Troy 

Commissioners 

Chairman Dr. W. I. Farrell Troy 

Commissioner D. J. McLeod Biscoe 

Commissioner Allen Harris Mt. Gilead 



County Government 541 

MOORE 
Moore County was formed in 1784 from Cumberland. Was named in honor 
of Captain Alfred Moore, of Brunswick, a soldier of the Revolution and after- 
wards a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. 

Population, 30,969 County Seat, Carthage 

State Senators 12th District L. M. Chaffin Lillington 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage 

Member House of Representatives ...H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 

Offi ce Officer Address 

Clerk of Court John Willcox Carthage 

Register of Deeds Bessie McCaskill Carthage 

Sheriff C. J. McDonald Carthage 

Treasurer""!'.!"'.!.'."" Bank of Pinehurst Pinehurst 

Auditor Madia Jenkins Carthage 

Tax Supervisor Madia Jenkins Carthage 

Tax Collector W. T. Huntley Carthage 

County Accountant Madia Jenkins Carthage 

Coroner Hugh P. Kelly Carthage 

Surveyor W. N. McLauchlin Carthage 

County Health Officer Dr. J. W. Willcox Carthage 

Supt. of Schools H. Lee Thomas Carthage 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. W. B. Cole Carthage 

Home Demonstration Agent Flora McDonald Carthage 

Farm Demonstration Agent E. H. Garrison, Jr. Carthage 

Chmn. Bd. Education F. D. Farrell Aberdeen 

Chmn. Bd. Elections S. C. Riddle Aberdeen 

District Game and Fish Protector ... Alex Fields Southern Pines 

Forest Warden Ernest Woodrow Davis Southern Pines 

County Manager Madia Jenkins Carthage 

County Attorney M. G. Boyette Carthage 

County Librarian Mrs. Dorothy H. Avery Southern Pines 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. Louise Clarke Carthage 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge J. Vance Rowe Southern Pines 

Solicitor W. Leland McKeithen Pinehurst 

Commissioners 

Chairman Gordon M. Cameron Pinehurst 

Commissioner John M. Currie Carthage 

Commissioner W. H.Jackson, Jr. Robhins 

Commissioner L. R. Reynolds Leamon 

Commissioner T. L. Blue Carthage 

NASH 

Nash County was formed in 1777 from Edgecombe. Was named in honor of 
General Francis Nash, a soldier of the Revolution, who was mortally wounded 
while fighting under Washington at Germantown. The United States has erected 
a monument in his honor at the Guilford Battleground near Greensboro. 

Population, 55,608 County Seat, Nashville 

State Senators 6th District O. 1!. Moss Spring Hop' 

Willie Lee Lumpkin Louisburg 

Member House of Representatives ...Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount 

Clerk of Court J. N. Sills Nashville 

Register of Deeds Wm. S. Bunn Nashville 

Sheriff C. V. Faulkner Nashville 

Treasurer J. C. Ellis Nashville 

Tax Supervisor J. C. Ellis Nashville 



542 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

Tax Collector C. V. Faulkner Nashville 

County Accountant J. C. Ellis Nashville 

Coroner M. C. Gulley ..Nashville 

County Health Officer Dr. Jno. S. Chamblee Nashville 

Supt. of Schools Linwood S. Inscoe Nashville 

Supt. of Public Welfare J. A. Glover ..Nashville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Effie V. Gordan Rocky Mount 

Colored Mrs. Jennie Edwards Rocky Mount 

Farm Demonstration Agent M. E. Hollowell Nashville 

Chmn. Bd. Education John W. Roberson Spring Hope, Rt. 1 

Chmn. Bd. Elections William G. Collins . .. Nashville 

District Game and Fish Protector ..Henry C. Braswell Sharpsburg 

Forest Warden Alvin Jones Nashville 

County Attorney J. P. Bunn Rocky Mount 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge J. W. Giissom Rockv Mount 

Solicitor John M. King Rocky Mount 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. Henry Vaughan Elm City, RFD 

Commissioner G. R. Strickland Middlesex, RFD 

Commissioner T. A.Williams Battleboro 

Commissioner F. V. Avent Whitakers, RFD 

Commissioner J. W. B. Overton Rocky Mount 

NEW HANOVER 
New Hanover County was formed in 1729 from Bath. Was named aftei 
Hanover, a country in Europe whose ruler became King of England with the 
title of George I. 

Population, 47,935 County Seat. Wilmington 

State Senators 9th District Alton A. Lennon Wilmington 

Rivers D. Johnson Warsaw 

Member House of Representatives R. M. Kermon Wilmington 

Clerk of Court A. L. Meyland Wilmington 

Register of Deeds A. B. Rhodes Wilmington 

Sheriff —C. David Jones Wilmington 

Treasurer Charles F. Smith Wilmington 

Auditor Charles F. Smith Wilmington 

Tax Supervisor Addison Hewlett Wilmington 

Tax Collector C. R. Morse Wilmington 

County Accountant Charles F. Smith Wilmington 

Coroner .... ... Asa W. Allen Wilmington 

County Health Officer Dr. A. H. Elliott Wilmington 

Supt. of Schools H. M. Roland Wilmington 

Supt. of Public Welfare J. R. Hollis Wilmington 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White • Ann Mason Wilmington 

Colored Rebecca Lawrence Wilmington 

farm Demonstration Agent R. W. Galphin Wilmington 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. John T. Hoggard Wilmington 

Chmn. Bd. Elections H. G. Carney Wilmington 

District Game and Fish Protector W. P. Flovd Wilmington 

County Attorney . Marsden Bellamy Wilmington 

County Librarian Mrs. Emma Woodward MacMillan Wilmington 

Recorder's Court: 

£"^.1 H. Winfield Smith Wilmington 

Sohcitor James C. King Wilmington 



County Government 54-1 

Commissioners 

Chairman Addison Hewlett Wilmington 

Commissioner George W. Trask Wilmington 

Commissioner Harry R. Gardner Wilmington 

Commissioner James M. Hall Wilmington 

Commissioner Louis J. Coleman Wilmington 

NORTHAMPTON 

Northampton County was formed in 1741 from Bertie. Was named in honoi 
of George, Earl of Northampton, an English nobleman. His son, Spencer Comp- 
ton, Earl of Wilmington, was high in office when Gabriel Johnston was Governor 
of North Carolina, who had the town of Wilmington named in his honor. 

Population, 28,299 County Seat, Jackson 

State Senator 3rd District W. W. White Manson 

Member House of Representatives .. H. R. Harris Seaboard 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Geo. P. Burgwyn Jackson 

Register of Deeds A. H. Martin Jackson 

Sheriff J. C. Stephenson Jackson 

Treasurer Farmers Bank Woodland 

Tax Supervisor H. D. Hart Jackson 

County Accountant H. D. Hart Jackson 

Coroner S. D. Hitchens Gaston 

County Health Officer Dr. W. R. Parker Woodland 

Supt. of Schools N. L. Turner Jackson 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. J. W. Brown Jackson 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. J. W. Price Jackson 

Colored Annie May Rich Rich Square 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White E. L. Norton Jackson 

Colored Ernest Goodrun Rich Square 

Chmn. Bd. Education Dr. J. Wesley Parker, Jr. Seaboard 

Chmn. Bd. Elections W. H. S. Burgwyn, Jr Woodland 

District Game and Fish Protector . N. B. Hughes Jackson 

Forest Warden H. C. Bottoms Margarettsville 

County Attorney Buxton Midyette Jackson 

County Librarian Mrs. L. A. Froelich Jackson 

Veterans Service Officer B. F. Ricks Conway 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Eric Norfleet Jackson 

Solicitor Ballard S. Gay Jackson 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. W. Thompson Garysburg 

Commissioner H. D. Holloman Rich Square 

Commissioner J. R. Woodard Conway 

Commissioner J. E. Boone Jackson 

Commissioner P. A. Bullock Seaboard 

ONSLOW 
Onslow County was formed in 1734 from Bath. Was named in honor of 
Arthur Onslow, for more than thirty years Speaker of the House of Commons 
in the British Parliament. 

Population, 17,939 County Seat, Jacksonville 



544 North Carolina Manual 

State Senators 7th District R. A. Whitaker Kinston 

D. L. Ward New Bern 

Member House of Representatives ...C. Bruce Hunter Dixon 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court J. R. Gurganus Jacksonville 

Register of Deeds J. B. Murrill Jacksonville 

Sheriff I. Dan Sanders Jacksonville 

Treasurer First Citizen Bank & Trust Co Jacksonville 

Auditor J. J. Cole Jacksonville 

Tax Supervisor L. D. Sewell Jacksonville 

Tax Collector Thomas J. Marshall Jacksonville 

Coroner Talbert Jones Jacksonville 

Surveyor J. J. Walton Jacksonville 

County Health Officer Dr. Allen A. Gleitz Jacksonville 

Supt. of Schools A. H. Hatsell Jacksonville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Laura M. Starling Jacksonville 

Home Demonstration Agent Margaret Henderson Jacksonville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Charlie C. Clarke, Jr Jacksonville 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. L. Ketchum Jacksonville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Guy Lockamy Jacksonville 

District Game and Fish Protector William Mallard Maysvilie 

Forest Warden Robert Raynor Jacksonvillt 

County Attorney John D. Warlick Jacksonville 

County Librarian Marie Sabiston Jacksonville 

Veterans Service Officer W. E. Baggs Swansboro 

County Criminal Court: 

Judge Harvey Boney Jacksonville 

Solicitor Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Commissioners 

Chairman H. M. Ennett Sneads Ferry 

Commissioner Leo L. Lanier Jacksonville 

Commissioner W. Victor Venters Richlands 

Commissioner H. B. Moore Swansboro 

Commissioner Navi W. Morton Silverdale 

ORANGE 
Orange County was formed in 1753 from Granville, Johnston, and Bladen. 
Was named in honor of William of Orange, who became King William III of 
England. He was one of the greatest kings of England and saved the English 
people from the tyranny of James II. His name is held in honor wherever 
English liberty is enjoyed. 

Population, 23,072 County Seat, Hillsboro 

State Senator 16th District James Webb Hillsboro 

Member House of Representatives ..John W. Umstead, Jr. Chapel Hill 

Clerk of Court E. M. Lynch Hillsboro 

Register of Deeds J. E. Laws Hillsboro 

Sheriff S. T. Latta Hillsboro 

Treasurer G. G. Bivins Hillsboro 

Auditor G. W. Ray Hillsboro 

Tax Supervisor G. W. Ray '. Hillsboro 

Tax Collector Carl C. Davis Hillsboro 

County Accountant G. W. Ray Hillsboro 

Coroner H. J. Walker ' Hillsboro 

County Health Officer Dr. O. David Garvin Chapel Hill 

Supt. of Schools R. H. Clavtor Hillsboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare W. T. Mattox Hillsboro 



County Government 545 

Office Officer Address 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Kathryn Hamrick Chapel Hill 

Colored Mrs. Ruby C. Carraway Chapel Hill 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Don S. Matheson Hillsboro 

Colored M. C. Burt Hillsboro 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. S. Compton Cedar Grove 

Chmn. Bd. Elections R. O. Forrest Hillsboro 

Forest Warden P. H. Johns Hillsboro 

County Attorney Graham & Eskridge Hillsboro 

County Librarian Dorothy Wightman Hillsboro 

Veterans Service Officer A. W. Kenion, Jr Hillsboro 

Chapel Hill Recorder's Court: 

Judge Henry A. Whitfield Chapel Hill 

Solicitor C. P. Hinshaw Chapel Hill 

Commissioners 

Chairman Collier Cobb, Jr Chapel Hill 

Commissioner H. G. Laws Hurdle Mills 

Commissioner Ben F. Wilson Efland 

PAMLICO 
Pamlico County was foi-med in 1872 from Craven and Beaufort. Was named 
after the sound of the same name, which was the name of a tribe of Indians 
in eastern North Carolina. There was a Pamlico Precinct in North Carolina as 
early as 1705. Pamlico County voted with Beaufort up to 1883. 

Population, 9,706 County Seat, Bayboro 

State Senators 2nd District Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

John C. Rodman Washington 

Member House of Representatives Ralph M. Harris Oriental 

Clerk of Court Hallett W. Mayo Bayboro 

Register of Deeds T. Z. Spencer Bayboro 

Sheriff Robert A. Whorton Bayboro 

Treasurer The Bank of Aurora Bayboro 

Auditor T. Z. Spencer (Acting) Bayboro 

Tax Supervisor T. Z. Spencer Bayboro 

Tax Collector Robert A. Whorton Bayboro 

County Accountant T. Z. Spencer Bayboro 

Coroner G. F. (Jack) Harris Bayboro 

Surveyor R. C. Holton New Bern, Rt. 1 

County Health Officer Sina B. Campen Bayboro 

Supt. of Schools Thomas S. Hood Bayboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Marion S. Tingle Bayboro 

Home Demonstration Agent Gladys Roberts Oriental 

Farm Demonstration Agent J. P. Stovall Stonewall 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. A. Tingle, Jr Alliance 

Chmn. Bd. Elections R. C. Holton New Bern 

District Game and Fish Protector Herman Spain Stonewall 

Forest Warden Tommy Whorton Merritt 

County Attorney Z. V. Rawls Bayboro 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Julius Dees Bayboro 

Solicitor Z. V. Rawls Bayboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman C. D. Fentress Maribel 

Commissioner E. R. Goodwin Oriental 

Commissioner E. A. Hunnings Grantsboro 

Commissioner W. I. Sadler Merritt 

Commissioner T. ('•. Potter Lowland 



• r )4f> North Carolina Manual 

PASQUOTANK 

Pasquotank County was formed in 1672 from Albemarle. Was named for a 
tribe of Indians in eastern North Carolina. 

Population, 20,568 County Seat, Elizabeth City 

State Senators 1st District Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Chas. H. Jenkins Aulander 

Member House of Representatives ...Vernon G. James Elizabeth City, Rt. 4 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court F. T. Horner Elizabeth City 

Register of Deeds J. C. Spence Elizabeth City 

Sheriff W. L. Thompson Elizabeth City 

Treasurer First & Citizens Nat'l Bank Elizabeth City 

Audlt( "' J. F. Ferrell Elizabeth Citv 

Tax Supervisor J. I. Saunders Elizabeth Citv 

Tax Collector W. L. Thompson Elizabeth City 

County Accountant J. F. Ferrell Elizabeth City 

Coroner Dr. W. H. C. White Elizabeth City 

County Health Officer Dr. Z. P. Mitchell Elizabeth City 

Supt. of Schools M. P. Jennings Elizabeth City 

Supt. of Public Welfare A. H. Outlaw Elizabeth Citv 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White :.Mrs. Celeste Sawyer Elizabeth City 

Colored Elisa Jeffres Elizabeth City 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White S. L. Lowry Elizabeth City- 
Colored E. A. McCoy Elizabeth City 

Chmn. Bd. Education D. S. Morgan Elizabeth City 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. B. McMullan Elizabeth City 

District Came and Fish Protector ..Lester Pierce Elizabeth City 

County Attorney J. B. McMullan Elizabeth Citv 

County Librarian Doris Abbott . Elizabeth City 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge L. S. Blades, Jr Elizabeth City 

Solicitor W. W. Cohoon Elizabeth City 

Commissioners 

Chairman G. E. Halstead Weeksville 

Commissioner S. G. Etheridge Elizabeth Citv 

Commissioner Cecil J. Reel .'Elizabeth City 

Commissioner M. J. Reid Elizabeth City. Rt. 1 

Commissioner P. A. Pritchard Elizabeth City, Rt. 2 

Commissioner W. O. Etheridge Elizabeth City, Rt. 3 

Commissioner B. F. Pritchard Elizabeth City, Rt. 3 

PENDER 
Pender County was formed in 1875 from New Hanover. Was named in honor 
of General William D. Pender, of Edgecombe County, a brave Confederate soldier 
who was killed at the battle of Gettysburg. The last order ever given by the 
famous "Stonewall" Jackson on the battle field was to General Pender: "You 
must hold your ground, General Pender, you must hold vour ground." he cried 
as he was carried off the field to die. General Pender held his ground. 

Population, 17,710 County Seat, Burgaw 

State Senators 9th District Alton A. Lennon Wilmington 

Rivers D. Johnson Warsaw 

Member House of Representatives J. V. Whitfield ...: Burgaw 



County Government 547 



Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court C. D. Murphy Burgaw 

Register of Deeds H. C. Walker Burgaw 

Sheriff J. T. Brown Burgaw 

Treasurer Mrs. Bliss W. Rivenbark Burgaw 

Auditor George F. Lucas Burgaw 

Tax Collector L R. Bradshaw Burgaw 

County Accountant George F. Lucas Burgaw 

Coroner , H. E. Blake Burgaw 

County Health Officer Dr. N. C. Wolfe (acting) Burgaw 

Supt. of Schools T. T. Murphy Burgaw 

Supt. of Public Welfare Ruth E. Patterson Burgaw 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Frances W. Register Burgaw 

Colored Lillian Woodhouse Burgaw 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White R. R. Rich Burgaw 

Colored Chester Williams Burgaw 

Chmn. Bd. Education D. J. Farrior Burgaw 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Arthur Anderson Watha 

District Game and Fish Protector ..W. L. Rivenbark Burgaw 

Forest Warden Joe F. Johnson Burgaw 

County Attorney Leon H. Corbett Burgaw 

County Librarian Mrs. Jeptha Casey Burgaw 

Veterans Service Officer T. J. Betts Burgaw 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge Claude E. McCullen Burgaw 

Solicitor Leon H. Corbett Burgaw 

Commissioners 

Chairman K. D. Pigford Willard 

Commissioner J. F. Bradshaw Kelly 

Commissioner A. H. Page Burgaw 

PERQUIMANS 

- Perquimans was formed in 1G72 from Albemarle. Was named after a tribe 
of Indians. 

Population, 9,773 County Seat, Hertford 

State Senators 1st District Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Chas. H. Jenkins Aulander 

Member House of Representatives ..- E. Leigh Winslow Hertford 

Clerk of Court W. H. Pitt Hertford 

Register of Deeds J. W. Ward Hertford 

Sheriff M. G. Owens Hertford 

Treasurer Max R. Campbell Hertford 

Auditor W. F. C. Edward Hertford 

Tax Collector M. G. Owens Hertford 

County Accountant W. F. C. Edward Hertford 

Coroner Dr. C. A. Davenport Hertford 

Surveyor Z. P. Mitchell Elizabeth Citv 

County Health Officer Dr. T. 1'. Brinn Hertford 

Supt. of Schools F. T. Johnson Hertford 

Supt. of Public Welfare Edgar White Hertford 

Hume Demonstration Agent Frances Maness Hertford 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White L. W. Anderson Hertford 

Colored William C. Strowd Hertford 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. E. Dail Hertford 

Chmn. Bd. Elections A. W. Hefren Hertford 

Forest Warden Joe Nowell Winfall 



r, is North Carolina Manual 



Recorder's Court: 

Judge Chas. E. Johnson Hertford 

Solicitor J. S. McNider Hertford 

Commissioners 

Chairman E. M. Perry New Hope 

Commissioner Chas. E. White Hertford 

Commissioner L. L. Winslow Hertford 

Commissioner R. T. Brinn Hertford 

Commissioner Geo. W. Jackson Hertford 

PERSON 

Person County was formed in 1791 from Caswell. Was named in honor of 
General Thomas Person, Revolutionary patriot, member of the Council of Safety, 
and trustee of the University. He gave a large sum of money to the University, 
and a building was erected in his honor called Person Hall. 

Population, 25,029 County Seat, Roxboro 

State Senators 14th District Claude Currie Durham 

John S. Watkins Oxford 

Member House of Representatives R. L. Harris Roxboro 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Alex Bass Roxboro 

Register of Deeds W. T. Kirby Roxboro 

Sheriff Clarence Holeman Roxboro 

Treasurer J. B. Riggsbee Roxboro 

Auditor T. C. Brooks Roxboro 

Tax Supervisor T. C. Brooks Roxboro 

Tax Collector Clarence Holeman Roxboro 

County Accountant T. C. Brooks Roxboro 

Coroner Dr. A. F. Nichols Roxboro 

County Health Officer Dr. O. David Garvin Chapel Hih 

Supt. of Schools R. B. Griffin Roxboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Gertrude H. Wagstaff Roxboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Evelyn Caldwell Roxborc 

Colored Anie Mae Tuck Roxboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White H. K. Sanders Roxboro 

Colored C. J. Ford Roxborc 

Chmn. Bd. Education E. E. Bradsher Roxboro 

Chmn. Bd. Elections D. D. Long Roxboro 

County Attorney R. P. Burns Roxboro 

County Librarian Dorothy Wightman Roxboro 

Veterans Service Officer Robert Whitten Roxboro 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge F. O. Carver Roxboro 

Solicitor T. F. Davis Roxborc 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. R. Cates Roxboro 

Commissioner John R. Jones Rougemont, Rt. 1 

Commissioner R. D. Bumpass Roxboro 

PITT 

Pitt County was formed in 1760 from Beaufort. Was named in honor of 
William Pitt. (See Chatham County.) 

Population, 61,244 County Seat, Greenville 



County Government 540 

State Senators 5th District Arthur B. Corey Greenville 

Members House of Representatives Sam O. Worthington Greenville 

Frank M. Kilpatrick Ayden 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court D. T. House, Jr Greenville 

Register of Deeds Chas. P. Gaskins Greenville 

Sheriff Ruel W. Tyson Greenville 

Auditor J. D. Joyner Greenville 

Tax Supervisor J. D. Joyner Greenville 

Tax Collector H. L. Andrews Greenville 

County Accountant J. D. Joyner Greenville 

Coroner G. H. Rouse Greenville, Rt. 3 

Surveyor V. McCoy Tripp Winterville 

County Health Officer Dr. N. Thomas Ennett Greenville 

Supt. of Schools D. H. Conley Greenville 

Supt. of Public Welfare K. T. Futrell Greenville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Verona Lee Joyner Langford Greenville 

Colored Amelia E. Capehart Greenville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White S. C. Winchester Greenville 

Colored C. D. Dupree Greenville 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. H. Woolard Greenville 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. H. Harrell Greenville 

District Game and Fish Protector J. O. Teel Greenville, Rt. 4 

Forest Warden N. S. Tyson Greenville, Rt. 2 

County Attorney S. B. Underwood, Jr Greenville 

County Librarian Irene Hester Greenville 

Veterans Service Officer Arthur B. Corey Greenville 

County Recorder's Court : 

Judge Dink James Greenville 

Solictor Chas. H. Whedbee Greenville 

Ayden Recorder's Court : 

Judge S. J. Worthington Ayden 

Solicitor William Evans Griffon 

Greenville Recorder's Court: 

Judge J. W. H. Roberts Greenville 

Solicitor Eli Bloom Greenville 

Commissioners 

Chairman \ G. H. Pittman Falkland 

Commissioner J. Vance Perkins Greenville 

Commissioner Marvin W. Smith Greenville, Rt. 3 

Commissioner W. J. Smith Bethel 

Commissioner M. Brown Hodges Grifton 

POLK 

Polk County was formed in 1855 from Rutherford and Henderson. Was 
named in honor of Colonel William Polk, "who rendered distinguished services 
in the battles of Germantown, Brandywine, and Eutaw, in all of which he was 
wounded." Polk County voted with Rutherford until 1868. 

Population, 11,874 County Seat, Columbus 

State Senators 32nd District Verne P. Clement Brevard 

William Medford Waynesville 

Member House of Representatives W. H. McDonald Tryon 

Clerk of Court Robert S. McFarland Columbus 

Register of Deeds C. W. Ballenger Columbus 



550 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

Sheriff W. D. Hines Columbus 

Treasurer Max H. Feagan Columbus 

Tax Supervisor W. Y. Wilkins Columbus 

Tax Collector Max H. Feagan Columbus 

County Accountant W. Y. Wilkins Columbus 

Coroner W. St. J. Jervey Tryon 

Surveyor G. W. Pearson Saluda 

County Health Officer Dr. J. T. Ramsaur Columbus 

Supt. of Schools N. A. Melton Columbus 

Supt. of Public Welfare Jeanette MacGregor Columbus 

Home Demonstration Agent Gladys Hamrick Columbus 

Farm Demonstration Agent J. A. Wilson Columbus 

Chmn. Bd. Education R. M. Hall Saluda 

Chmn. Bd. Elections E. B. Cloud Columbus 

District Game and Fish Protector .. Arthur Pack Tryon 

Forest Warden O. C. Feagan Columbus 

County Attorney J. T. Arledge Tryon 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. E. Brantley Tryon 

Commissioner Roy T. Baisden, Jr Saluda 

Commissioner C. O. Story Lynn 

RANDOLPH 

Randolph County' was formed in 1779 from Guilford. Was named in honor 
of Peyton Randolph, of Virginia, the President of the first Continental Congress. 

Population, 44,554 County Seat, Asheboro 

State Senators 12th District L. M. Chaffin Lillington 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage 

Member House of Repi-esentatives ...J. I. Memory Randleman 

Clerk of Court Tom Presnell Asheboro 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Alese M. Ward Asheboro 

Sheriff B. F. Morgan Asheboro 

Auditor A. T. Allen & Co Asheboro 

Tax Supervisor J. Mavin Yates Asheboro 

Tax Collector B. F. Morgan Asheboro 

Coroner T. R. Farlow Asheboro 

Surveyor M. W. Gardner Ramseur 

County Health Officer Dr. G. H. Sumner Asheboro 

Supt. of Schools T. F. Bulla Asheboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare James E. Burgess Asheboro 

Home Demonstration Agent Martha B. Thompson Asheboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent E. S. Millsaps Asheboro 

Chmn. Bd. Education L. F. Ross Asheboro 

Chmn. Bd. Elections A. B. Cox Asheboro 

District Game and Fish Protector ...Lawrence Davis Asheboro 

County Attorney John G. Prevette Asheboro 

County Librarian Marguerite Gamblin Asheboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman G. Russell Hodgin Coleridge 

Commissioner M. F. Hinshaw Randleman 

Commissioner W. Lee Meredith Trinity 

Commissioner Dr. J. L. Fritz Asheboro 

Commissioner C. A. Fagg Central Falls 



County Government 551 

richmond 

Richmond County was formed in 1779 from Anson. Was named in honor of 
Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond, principal Secretary of State in William Pitt's 
second administration. He was a strong friend of the American colonies and made 
the motion in the House of Lords that they be granted their independence. 

Population, 36,810 County Seat, Rockingham 

State Senators 18th District Garland S. Garriss Troy 

John W. Cole Rockingham 

Member House of Representatives ...H. T. Baldwin Rockingham 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Thomas L. Covington Rockingham 

Register of Deeds . Mrs. Agnes C. Flake Rockingham 

Sheriff Carl H. Holland Rockingham 

Treasurer Mary T. Covington Rockingham 

Auditor Mary T. Covington Rockingham 

Tax Supervisor Mary T. Covington Rockingham 

Tax Collector Carl H. Holland Rockingham 

County Accountant Mary T. Covington Rockingham 

Coroner W. W. King Rockingham 

Surveyor W. W. Graham Rockingham 

County Health Officer Dr. Charles W. Brown, Jr Hamlet 

Supt. of Schools L. J. Bell Rockingham 

Supt. of Public Welfare O. G. Reynolds Rockingham 

Home Demonstration Agent Jane Little Rockingham 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White N. L. Hendrix Rockingham 

Colored W. Frank Wright Rockingham 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. H. Parsons Ellerbe 

Chmn. Bd. Elections W. R. Jones Rockingham 

District Game and Fish Protector ..Walter Bray Rockingham 

Forest Warden Walter Bray Rockingham 

County Attorney J. Thomas Page Rockingham 

Veterans Service Officer J. J. Gray Hamlet 

Richmond County Special Court: 

Judge W. S. Thomas Rockingham 

Solicitor James Pittman Rockingham 

Hamlet Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. C. Boney, Jr Hamlet 

Solicitor A. A. Reaves Hamlet 

Commissioners 

Chairman Arthur L. Capel Hamlet 

Commissioner N. Palmer Nicholson Mt. Gilcad, Rt. 1 

Commissioner .J. H. McRae Ellerbe 

Commissioner Julian P. Gaddy Rockingham 

Commissioner John F. Hamer Rockingham 

ROBESON 

Robeson County was Formed in 1780 from Bladen. Was named in honor of 
Colonel Thomas Robeson, a soldier of the Revolution. He was one of the leaders 
at the battle of Elizabethtown, which was fought in September, 1781. By this 
battle the Tories in the southeastern part of the State were crushed forever. 
The commander of the Whigs was Colonel Thomas Brown. 

Population, 76,860 County Seat, Lumberton 

State Senator 11th District Henry A. McKinnon Lumberton 

Members House of Representatives J. P. Buie Red Springs 

I. I'. (Iraham Proctorville 



552 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court B. F. McMillan Lumberton 

Register of Deeds D. G. Kinlaw Lumberton 

Sheriff W. C. Britt Lumberton 

Treasurer E. K. Butler Lumberton 

Auditor E. K. Butler Lumberton 

Tax Supervisor E. K. Butler Lumberton 

Tax Collector L. McKay Parker lumberton 

County Accountant E. K. Butler Lumberton 

Coroner D. W. Biggs Lumberton 

Surveyor Grady Harrell Shannon, RFD 

County Health Officer Dr. E. R. Hardin Lumberton 

Supt. of Schools C. L. Green Maxton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Kate S. McLeod Lumberton 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Ann G. Chandler Lumberton 

Colored La Senia McCrimmons Lumberton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White O. P. Owens Lumberton 

Colored S. T. Brooks Lumberton 

Chmn. Bd. Education A. B. McRae Rowland 

Chmn. Bd. Elections G. L. Pate Rowland 

District Game and Fish Protector. ..W. E. McConnaughey Red Springs 

Forest Warden F. E. Brisson Lumberton 

County Manager .'..... E. K. Butler Lumberton 

County Attorney henry A. McKinnon Lumberton 

Veterans Service Officer Martin McKinnon Lumberton 

Recorder's Court : 
Lumberton District : 

Judge W. B. Ivey Lumberton 

Solicitor I. Murchison Biggs Lumberton 

Fairmont District : 

Judge D. R. Mitchell Fairmont 

Solicitor F. Wayland Floyd Fairmont 

Red Springs District: 

Judge W. N. Gibson Red Springs 

Solicitor Z. V. McMillan Red Springs 

Maxton District : 

Judge B. F. Taylor Maxton 

Solicitor J- A. Shaw Maxton 

St. Pauls District : 

Judge A. B. Johnson St. Pauls 

Solicitor John D. Canady St. Pauls 

Rowland District: 

Judge F. L. Adams Rowland 

Solicitor R. L. Campbell Rowland 

Commissioners 

Chairman C. A. Hasty Maxton 

Commissioner 3. Talmadge Graham St. Pauls 

Commissioner N. A. Smith Red Springs 

Commissioner J. D. Herring Lumberton 

Commissioner V. J. Griffin Fairmont 

Commissioner Rufus McQueen Lumberton 



County Government 553 

rockingham 

Rockingham County was formed in 1785 from Guilford. Was named in honor 
of Charles Watson Wentworth, Marquis of Rockingham, who was the leader of 
the party in the British Parliament that advocated American independence. He 
was Prime Minister when the Stamp Act was repealed. 

Population, 57,898 County Seat, Wentworth 

State Senator 15th District S. M. Bason Yanceyville 

Member House of Representatives T. Clarence Stone Stoneville 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Leon W. Worsham Wentworth 

Register of Deeds R. E. Wall Wentworth 

Sheriff Munsey S. Hodges Wentworth 

Treasurer Eugene Irvin Wentworth 

Auditor .'. Eugene Irvin Wentworth 

Tax Supervisor Eugene Irvin Wentworth 

Tax Collector Eugene Irvin Wentworth 

County Accountant Eugene Irvin Wentworth 

Coroner Dr. M. P. Cummings Reidsville 

Surveyor A. R. Strange Reidsville 

County Health Officer Dr. B. M. Drake Wentworth 

Supt. of Schools J. Allen Lewis Wentworth 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. John Lee Wilson Madison 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Marcia Gilchrist Reidsville 

Colored Zadie M. Jackson Reidsville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. Ed Foil Wentworth 

Colored R. L. Hannon Reidsville 

Chran. Bd. Education V. H. Idol Madison 

Chmn. Bd. Elections F. L. Daniels Reidsville 

District Game and Fish Protector A. D. Neal Reidsville, RFD 

County Attorney J. C. Brown Madison 

County Librarian Marianne Martin Leaksville 

Veterans Service Officer Bennet Nooe Leaksville 

Leaksville Recorder's Court : 

Judge Herman L. Peters Spray 

Solicitor Allan D. Ivie, Jr Leaksville 

Reidsville Recorder's Court: 

Judge E. H. Wrenn Reidsville 

Solicitor D. F. Maybe rry Reidsville 

Commissioners 

Chairman V. H. Idol Madison 

Commissioner Harry Davis Leaksville 

Commissioner George H. Helmus Reidsville 

Commissioner T. O. Moore Reidsville, Rt. 4 

Commissioner J. J. Webster Stoneville 

ROWAN 
Rowan County was formed in 1753 from Anson. Was named in honor of 
Matthew Rowan, a prominent leader before the Revolution, and, for a short time 
after the death of Governor Gabriel Johnston, acting Governor. 

Population, 69,206 County Seat, Salisbury 

State Senators 21st District John C. Kesler Salisbury 

Luther E. Barnhardt Concord 

Members House of Representatives George R. Uzzell Salisbury 

Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 



554 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Paul A. Swicegood Salisbury 

Register of Deeds W. D. Kizziah Salisbury 

Sheriff J- H. Krider Salisbury 

Treasurer J- E. Haynes Salisbury 

Auditor J. E. Haynes Salisbury 

Tax Supervisor J. E. Haynes Salisbury 

Tax Collector W. S. Overton, Jr Salisbury 

County Accountant J. E. Haynes Salisbury 

Coroner Charles G. Mock Salisbury 

Surveyor M. E. Miller Salisbury 

.County Health Officer Dr. C. W. Armstrong Salisbury 

Supt. of Schools C. C. Erwin Salisbury 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Mary O. Linton Salisbury 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Lois Marsh Salisbury 

Colored Mrs. Anna Johnston Salisbury 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White P. H. Satterwhite Cleveland 

Colored A. C. Grant Salisbury 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. F. Link Salisbury 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. Giles Hudson Salisbury 

District Game and Fish Protector E. W. Burt, Jr Salisbury 

County Attorney Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 

County Librarian Edith Clark Salisbury 

Veterans Service Officer Fletcher Cauble Salisbury 

Rowan County Court : 

Judge J. Allan Dunn Salisbury- 
Solicitor A. C. Rufty Salisbury 

Spencer Recorder's Court: 

Judge T. P. Fowler Spencer 

Solicitor Nelson Woodson Spencer 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. D. Carter ........ Spencer 

Commissioner J. B. MeCombs Granite Quarry 

Comm'ssioner HcarneSwink Salisbury, Rt. 2 

Commissioner Carr H. Lirgle Faith 

Commissioner Lewis E. Tatrm Salisbury, Rt. 1 

RUTHERFORD 

Rutherford County was formed in lTTii from Tryon and Burke. Was rame:l 
in honor of General Griffith Rutherford, one of the most prominent of the 
Revolutionary patriots. He led the expedition that crushed the Cherokee- in 
1776, and rendered other important services, both in the Legislature and on 
the battlefield. 

Population, 45,577 County Seat, Rutherfordton 

State Senators 27th District Lee B. Weathers Shelby 

W. W. Neal ... Mar'on 

Member House of Representatives Woodrow W. Jones Rutherfordton 

Clerk of Court Frank S. Hall Rutherfordton 

Register of Deeds W. Oscar Geer Rutherfordton 

Sheriff Vance H. Wilkins Rutherfordton 

Auditor Chas. R. Yopp Rutherfordton 

Tax Supervisor Lloyd Williamson Rutherfordton 

Tax Collector Rex Bridges Rutherfordton 

County Accountant Chas. R. Yopp Rutherfordton 

Coroner Thurlo E. Hightower Henrietta 



County Government 555 

Office Officer Address 

County Health Officer Dr. Jackson T. Ramsaur Rutherfordton 

Sunt 'of Schools J- J- Tarlton Rutherfordton 

Supt! of Public Welfare Mrs. Gladys W. Doggett (actg) ..Rutherfordton 

Home Demonstration Agent Sue Koone . Rutherfordton 

Farm Demonstration Agent F. E. Patton ...Ruther ordton 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. Harvey Carpenter .. Rutherfordton 

Chmn. Bd. Elections R. E. Price Rutherfordton 

District Game and Fish Protector ..C. W. Ormand ..Forest City 

Forest Warden Louis Summey Forest City 

County Attorney Wade B. Matheny ... Forest City 

County Librarian Mrs. Martha K. Barr Rutherfordton 

Veterans Serv'ce Officer W. L. Brown Forest City 

Recorder's Court : 

j u( jg e B. T. Jones, Jr Forest City 

Solicitor Charles C. Dalton Spindale 

Commissioners 

Chairman Clarence P. Parks Spindale 

Commissioner Birl H. Bridges Forest City, Rt. 2 

Commissioner C. P. Hamrick Chffside 

Commissioner Letcher S. Rollins Bostic, Rt. 2 

Commissioner James W. Whitesides ...Uree 

SAMPSON 
Sampson County was formed in 1784 from Duplin and New Hanover. Was 
named in honor of Colonel Sampson, who was a member of Governor Martin's 
Council. 

Population, 47,440 County Seat, Clinton 

State Senators 9th District Rivers D. Johnson Warsaw 

Alton A. Lennon Wilmington 

Member House of Representatives . Deems H. Clifton Clinton 

Clerk of Court Freddie C. Butler Clinton 

Register of Deeds Pearl Britt Clinton 

Sheriff Perry B. Lockerman Clinton 

Treasurer First Citizens Bank & Trust Co Clinton 

Auditor R. P. Spell Clinton 

Tax Supervisor R. P. Spell Clinton 

County Accountant R. P. Spell Clinton 

Coroner Dr. J. S. Ayers Clinton 

Surveyor P. D. Merritt Magnolia, RFD 

County Health Officer Dr. Glenn E. Best (Acting) Clinton 

Supt. of Schools D. V. Carter Clinton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. R. B. Wilson Clinton 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Eleanor Southerland Clinton 

Colored Edna A. Brinson Clinton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White E. J. Morgan Clinton 

Colored Frank Faison, Jr Clinton 

Chmn. Bd. Education John C. Warren Newton Grove 

Chmn. Bd. Elections J. L. Austin Clinton 

District Game and Fish Protector . W. I. Wright, Jr Ingold 

Forest Warden King Newkirk Kerr 

County Attorney A. L. Butler Clinton 

County Librarian Margaret Faison Clinton 

Veterans Service Officer Samuel A. Howard Clinton 



556 North Carolina Manual 



Recorder's Court: 

Judge Perry G. Crumpler Clinton 

Solicitor Croom M. Faircloth Clinton 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. E. Johnson Kerr 

Commissioner L. A. Hall Autryville 

Commissioner Arthur Naylor Roseboro, Rt. 2 

SCOTLAND 

Scotland County was formed in 1899 from Richmond. Was named after the 
country of Scotland, the northern part of the island of Great Britain. Most of 
the people of this county are descendants of Scotch Highlanders. 

Population, 23,232 County Seat, Laurinburg 

State Senators 18th District John W. Cole Rockingham 

Garland S. Garriss Troy 

Member House of Representatives ...O. L. Moore Laurinburg 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Carl L. Jones Laurinburg 

Register of Deeds Margaret S. Peden Laurinburg 

Sheriff Jesse C. Gibson Laurinburg 

Treasurer Thos. J. Gill, Jr Laurinburg 

Auditor Thos. J. Gill, Jr Laurinburg 

Tax Supervisor W. M. Monroe Laurinburg 

Tax Collector Miss Coy Cameron and W. M. 

Monroe Laurinburg 

County Accountant Thos. J. Gill, Jr Laurinburg 

Coroner M. J. McDougald Laurinburg 

Surveyor E. M. Matthews Laurinburg 

County Health Officer Dr. E. A. Erwin, Jr Laurinburg 

Supt. of Schools J. J. Pence Laurinburg 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Eliza P. Shaw Laurinburg 

Home Demonstration Agent Laura Beatty Laurinburg 

Farm Demonstration Agent E. O. McMahan Laurinburg 

Chmn. Bd. Education Edwin Morgan Laurinburg 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Chas. L. Prince Laurinburg 

District Game and Fish Protector Leroy Bostick Laurel Hill 

Forest Warden A. R. McMillan Laurinburg 

County Attorney Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

County Librarian Margaret Boylan Laurinburg 

Veterans Service Officer I. L. McGill Laurinburg 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge J. B. McKinnon Laurinburg 

Solicitor Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

Commissioners 

Chairman E. P. Jones Johns 

Commissioner J. A. Bostick Laurinburg 

Commissioner A. M. McLean Wagram 

Commissioner Lonnie Hammond Laurinburg 

Commissioner Geo. B. Hooker Gibson 

STANLY 
Stanly County was formed in 1841 from Montgomery. Was named in honor 
of John Stanly, for many years a member of the Legislature, and several times 
Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Population, 32,834 County Seat, Albemarle 



County Government 557 

State Senators 19th District W. Erskine Smith ...Albemarle 

O. L. Richardson Monroe 

Member House of Representatives ..Raymond C. Barker Albemarle 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court L. Worth Little Albemarle 

Register of Deeds L. R. Almond Albemarle 

Sheriff P- E. Harrin Albemarle 

Treasurer Banks of Albemarle Albemarle 

Auditor A. V. Thomas Albemarle 

Tax Supervisor S. Craig Hopkins Albemarle 

Tax Collector H. N. Thompson Albemarle 

County Accountant A. V. Thomas Albemarle 

Coroner M. J. Hartsell Albemarle 

Surveyor Charley Harward Oakboro, Rt. 1 

County Health Officer Dr. W. N. McKinzie Albemarle 

Supt. of Schools James P. Sifford Albemarle 

Supt. of Public Welfare Otto B. Mabry Albemarle 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary Ann Cheek Albemarle 

Farm Demonstration Agent H. M. Singleterry Albemarle 

Chmn. Bd. Education C. B. Miller Albemarle 

Chmn. Bd. Elections F. N. Patterson Albemarle 

District Game and Fish Protector .. C. M. Capel Mt. Gilead 

County Attorney G. Hobart Morton Albemarle 

County Librarian Elmina H. Surratt Albemarle 

Veterans Service Officer James Ray Clark _ Albemarle 

County Court : 

Judge O. J. Sikes Albemarle 

Solicitor Frank N. Patterson, Jr Albemarle 

Commissioners 

Chairman Cecil H. Lowder Albemarle 

Commissioner J. Luther Little Oakboro 

Commissioner Vernon Hunsucker Albemarle 

Commissioner S. P. Dennis Albemarle, Rt. 4 

Commissioner C. G. Lovelady Norwood 

STOKES 

Stokes County was formed in 1798 from Surry. Was named in honor of 
Colonel John Stokes, a brave soldier of the Revolution, who was desperately 
wounded at the Waxhaw massacre, when Colonel Buford's regiment was cut 
to pieces by Tarleton. After the war Washington appointed him a judge of 
the United States Court in North Carolina. 

Population, 22,656 County Seat, Danbury 

State Senator 23rd District R. Posey Jones Mount Airy 

Member House of Representatives ... John Taylor Danbury 

Clerk of Court J. Watt Turtle Danbury 

Register of Deeds R. L. Smith Danbury 

Sheriff Chester J. Helsabeck. Jr Danbury 

Treasurer Chester J. Helsabeck, Jr Danbury 

Tax Supervisor R. L. Smith Danbury 

Tax Collector Chester J. Helsabeck. Jr Danbury 

County Accountant R. L. Smith Danbury 

Coroner Dr. R. S. Helsabeck King 

Surveyor W. D. Rothrock Walnut Cove 

County Health Officer Dr. Alfred Mordecai Winston-Salem 

Supt. of Schools J. C. Carson Germanton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Peggy V. Goff (acting) Danbury 



558 North Carolina Manual 

Offi< < Officer Address 

Home Demonstration Agent Elizabeth Sharp Walnut Cove 

Farm Demonstration Agent E. S. Stokes Danbury 

Chmn. Bd. Education Golden Baker King 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Laura Ellington Sandy Ridge 

District Game and Fish Protector . George A. Barr King 

County Attorney Ralph J. Scott Danbury 

County Librarian Mrs. R. L. Smith Danbury 

Veterans Service Officer Robert Hedgecock, Jr Walnut Cove 

Commissioners 

Chairman Howard L. Gibson Pine Hall 

Commissioner J. A. Joyce Sandy Ridge 

Commissioner Harvey Johnson King 

SURRY 

Surry County was formed in 1770 from Rowan. Was named in honor of 
Lord Surrey, a prominent member of Parliament who opposed the taxation of 
the American colonies by Parliament. 

Population, 41,789 County Seat, Dobson 

State Senator 23rd District R. Posey Jones Mt. Airy 

Member House of Representatives .. George K. Snow Mt. Airy 

Clerk of Court Kermit W. Lawrence Dobson 

Register of Deeds Bertha M. Shinault Dobson 

Sheriff Sam C. Patterson Dobson 

Treasurer Surry Co. Loan & Trust Co. Dobson 

Auditor Geo. E. Welch Dobson 

Tax Supervisor J. p. Fulk ...Dobson 

Tax Collector J. P. Fulk ...Dobson 

County Accountant Gecr. E. Welch Dobson 

Coroner Dr. J. L. Woltz Mt. Airy 

Surveyor Curtis Harbour Dobson, Rt. 2 

County Health Officer Dr. R. B. C. Franklin Mt. Airy 

Supt. of Schools John W. Comer Dobson 

Supt. of Public Welfare Bausie Marion ... Dobson 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Grace P. Brown . Dobson 

Farm Demonstration Agent Neill M. Smith ...Dobson 

Chmn. Bd. Education R. N. Taylor White Plains 

Chmn. Bd. Elections A. P. Fulk Pilot Mountain 

County Attorney Fred Folger Mt. Airy 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge H. H. Llewellyn Mt. Airy 

Solicitor Robert J. Lowell, Jr Mt. Airy 

Commissioners 

Chairman M. Q. Snow Elkin 

Commissioner M. C. Fowler Mt. Airy 

Commissioner S. M. Smith Pilot Mountain 

SWAIN 
Swain County was formed in 1871 from Jackson and Macon. Was named 
in honor of David Lowrie Swain, Governor of North Carolina and president of 
the University. 

Population, 12,177 County Seat, Bryson City 

State Senator 33rd District Baxter C. Jones Bryson City 

Member House of Representatives Bruce A. Elmore Bryson City 



County Government 559 

Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Henry J. Truett Bryson City 

Register of Deeds E. J. Seay Bryson City 

Sheriff Frank Hyatt Bryson City 

Treasurer Woodfin Wilson Bryson City 

Auditor Richard M. Hunter Co. Bryson City 

Tax Supervisor R- D. Estes Bryson City 

Tax Collector Woodfin Wilson Bryson City 

County Accountant Woodfin Wilson Bryson City 

Coroner H. H. Welch Bryson City 

Surveyor . E. P. Breedlove Almond 

County Health Officer Dr. Mary Michal Waynesville 

Supt. "of Schools W. L. Latham Bryson City 

Supt. of Public Welfare Hilda Brown Bryson City 

Home Demonstration Agent Helen Higdon Bryson City 

Farm Demonstration Agent John Conyngton Bryson City 

Chmn. Bd. Education S. W. Biack Bryson City 

Chmn. Bd. Elections T. J. Cathey Bryson City 

Forest Warden D. J. Dean Bryson City 

County Attorney B. C. Jones Bryson City 

County Librarian Mrs. Helen Kitrell Bryson City 

Veterans Service Officer D. R. Welch Bryson City 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. D. Estes Bryson City 

Commissioner R. E. Breedlove Needmore 

Commissioner I. B. Jenkins Bryson City 

TRANSYLVANIA 

Transylvania County was formed in 1861 from Henderson and Jackson. 
The- name is derived from two Latin words, "trans" across, "sylva" woods. 
Transylvania County voted with Henderson until 1868. 

Population, 12,241 County Seat, Brevard 

State Senators 32nd District Verne P. Clement Brevard 

William Medford Waynesville 

Member House of Representatives .. Melvin L. Gillespie Brevard 

Clerk of Court N. A. Miller Brevard 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Eva L. Gillespie Brevard 

Sheriff Bert Freeman Brevard 

Auditor Edwin Morgan Brevard 

Tax Supervisor Edwin Morgan Brevard 

Tax Collector Frank King Brevard 

County Accountant Edwin Morgan Brevard 

Coroner Spurg Osborne Brevard 

County Health Officer Dr. Mary Michal Waynesville 

Supt. of Schools j. b. Jones Brevard 

Supt. of Public Welfare Dora M. Patton Brevard 

H< me Demonstration Agent Mary Robinson Brevard 

Farm Demonstration Agent Julian A. Glazener Brevard 

Chmn. Bd. Education H. R. Sellers Brevard 

Chn n. Bd. Elections Fred E. Shuford Brevard 

Forest Warden Frank Morgan Rosman 

County Attorney Ralph H. Ramsey, Jr Brevard 

County Librarian Mrs. Lehman Kapp Brevard 

Veterans Service Officer Paul Whitmire Brevard 

Commissioners 

Chairman Willis Brittain Brevard 

Commissioner Louis Osborne Brevard 

Commissioner Gaston Whitmire Brevard 



560 North Carolina Manual 

TYRRELL 
Tyrrell County was formed in 1729 from Albemarle. Was named in honor 
of Sir John Tyrrell, who at one time was one of the Lords Proprietors. 

Population, 5,556 County Seat, Columbia 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 2nd District John C. Rodman Washington 

Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

Member House of Representatives ...Thomas W. Shallington Columbia 

Clerk of Court C. R. Chaplin Columbia 

Register of Deeds Sara L. T'aft Columbia 

Sheriff B. Ray Cohoon Columbia 

Treasurer The East Carolina Bank Columbia 

Auditor H. S. Swain Columbia 

Tax Supervisor : Magnolia Owens Columbia 

County Accountant H. S. Swain Columbia 

County Health Officer Dr. Claudius McGowan Plymouth 

Supt. of Schools W. J. White Columbia 

Supt. of Public Welfare J. W. Hamilton Columbia 

Home Demonstration Agent Cornelia Simpson Columbia 

Farm Demonstration Agent H. H. Harris Columbia 

Chmn. Bd. Education E. R. Davenport Columbia 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Nedum Brickhouse Columbia 

District Game and Fish Protector ...E. L. Mosley Columbia 

Forest Warden Edward Swain Columbia 

County Attorney Sam S. Woodley Columbia 

County Librarian Minnie Spruill Columbia 

Veterans Service Officer D. A. Simmons Columbia 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge R. Bruce Cohoon Fairfield 

Solicitor Sam S. Woodley Columbia 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. S. Knight, Jr Columbia 

Commissioner E. S. Brickhouse Columbia 

Commissioner H. T. Davenport Columbia 

Commissioner B. B. Jones Columbia 

Commissioner Charles Cohoon Columbia 

UNION 
Union County was formed in 1842 from Anson and Mecklenburg. 

Population, 39,097 County Seat, Monroe 

State Senators 19th District O. L. Richardson Monroe 

W. Erskine Smith Albemarle 

Member House of Representatives . H. B. Smith Monroe 

Clerk of Court J. E. Griffin Monroe 

Register of Deeds Clara Laney Monroe 

Sheriff B. F. Niven Monroe 

Treasurer American Bank & Trust Co Monroe 

Auditor Roy J. Moore Monroe 

Tax Supervisor Roy J. Moore Monroe 

Tax Collector J. H. Price Monroe 

County Accountant Roy J. Moore Monroe 

Coroner Carl B. Wells Monroe 

Surveyor Ralph W. Elliott ... Monroe 

County Health Officer Dr. Clem Ham Monroe 

Supt. of Schools O. M. Stanton Monroe 



County Government 56i 



Office Officer Address 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Geo. S. Lee Monroe 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Jeannette Capel Monroe 

Colored Bertha B. Forte Monroe 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. A. Marsh Monroe 

Colored S. T. Lloyd Monroe 

Chmn. Bd. Education H. G. Hawfield Monroe 

Chmn. Bd. Elections W. B. McManus Monroe 

District Game and Fish Protector .. S. M. Armfield MarshvilU 

County Attorney J. F. Milliken Monroe 

County Librarian Mrs. R. A. Morrow Monroe 

Veterans Service Officer J. Neal Clark Monroe 

County Recorder's Court : 

Judge P. H. Johnson Monroe 

Solicitor Julian C. Brooks Monroe 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. Vernon Griffin Wingate, Rt. 1 

Commissioner Kemp Armfield Marshvilk 

Commissioner Henry Myers Monroe 

Commissioner Carl B. Price Monroe, Rt. 2 

Commissioner S. Howard Lathan Monroe, Rt. 4 

VANCE 

Vance County was formed in 1881 from Granville, Warren, and Franklin. 
Was named in honor of Zebulon B. Vance, "the Great War Governor," a Member 
of Congress, Governor of North Carolina, United States Senator. 

Population, 29,961 County Seat, Hendei'son 

State Senator 3rd District W. W. White Manson 

Member House of Representatives .. Fred S. Royster Henderson 

Clerk of Court E. O. Falkner Henderson 

Register of Deeds H. M. Robinson Henderson 

Sheriff E. A. Cottrell Henderson 

Tax Supervisor Dorothea Woodlief Henderson 

Tax Collector F. M. Dorsey Henderson 

County Accountant Dorothea Woodlief Henderson 

Coroner H. A. Ellis Henderson 

County Health Officer Dr. A. D. Gregg Henderson 

Supt. of Schools E. M. Rollins Henderson 

Supt. of Public Welfare. Clara Mae Ellis Henderson 

Home Demonstration Agent Montien McKaughan Henderson 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. W. Sanders Henderson 

Colored Lloyd Peace Henderson 

Chmn. Bd. Education J. J. White Henderson 

Chmn. Bd. Elections D. P. McDufne Henderson 

District Game and Fish Protector ..Frank Wade Henderson, Rt. 4 

County Attorney I. B. Watkins Henderson 

County Librarian Olivia Bur well Henderson 

Veterans Service Officer Brooks P. Wyche Henderson 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge R. E. Clements Henderson 

Solicitor I. R. Watkins Henderson 

Municipal Court : 

Judge Henry T. Powell Henderson 

Solicitor J. H. Zollicoffer Henderson 



562 North Carolina Manual 

Office Officer Address 

Commissioners 

Chairman Henry W. Hight Henderson 

Commissioner E. L. Fleming Henderson, Rt. 3 

Commissioner S. P. Rogeis Henderson 

Commissioner G. W. Knott Henderson 

Commissioner W. W. Grissom Henderson 

WAKE 

Wake County was formed in 1770 from Johnston, Cumberland, and Orange. 
Was named in honor of Governor Tryon's wife, whose maiden name was Margaret 
Wake. Some historians say that the county was named for "Esther Wake," the 
popular sister of Tryon's wife, but there is no reason to suppose that any such 
person ever existed. She is purely a creature of the imagination. 

Population, 109,544 County Seat, Raleigh 

State Senators 13th District R. N. Simms, Jr Raleigh 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Members House of Representatives Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

William T. Hatch Raleigh 

N. F. Ransdell Varina 

Clerk of Court W. G. Mordecai Raleigh 

Register of Deeds Hunter Ellington Raleigh 

Sheriff Robert J. Pleasants Raleigh 

Treasurer J. Milton Mangum Raleigh 

Auditor Alton C. Hall Raleigh 

Tax Supervisor D. B. Harrison Raleigh 

Tax Collector C. C. Rich Raleigh 

County Accountant A. C. Hall Raleigh 

Coroner Irvin Cheek Raleigh 

Surveyor Pittman Stell Zebulon 

County Health Officer Dr. A. C. Bulla Raleigh 

Supt. of Schools Randolph Benton Raleigh 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Josephine Kirk Raleigh 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Maude P. Mclnnis Raleigh 

Colored Bertha M. Edwards Raleigh 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John L. Reitzel Raleigh 

Colored W. C. Davenport Raleigh 

Chmn. Bd. Education A. V. Baucom Apex 

Chmn. Bd. Elections L. A. Doub Knightdale 

District Game and Fish Protector B. D. Perry Wake Forest 

Forest Warden H. E. Shaw Raleigh, Rt. 4 

County Attorney L. S. Brassfield Raleigh 

County Librarian Miss Clyde Smith Raleigh 

Veterans Service Officer T. Lacy Williams Raleigh 

Recorder's Courts : 

Wake Forest District : 

Judge Donald Gulley Wake Forest 

Solicitor Lawrence Harris Wake Forest 

Wendell District: 

Judge W. A. Brame Wendell 

Solicitor Albert Doub Raleigh 

Fuquay Springs District: 

Judge C. C. Cunningham Raleigh 

Solicitor Robert A. Cotten Fuquay Springs 



County Government 563 

Office Officer Address 

Apex District : 

Judge Harvey Jones Raleigh 

Solicitor K. W. Johnson, Jr Apex 

Zebulon District: 

Judge I. D. Gill Zebulon 

Solicitor A. R. House Zebulon 

City Court: 

Judge Paul F. Smith Raleigh 

Solicitor Anonzo Lloyd Raleigh 

Commissioners 

Chairman John P. Swain Raleigh 

Commissioner T. Floyd Adams Holly Springs 

Commissioner R. O. Heater Cary 

Commissioner M. Wallace Chamblee Zebulon 

Commissioner W. W. Holding Wake Forest 

WARREN 

Warren County was formed in 1779 from Bute. Was named in honor of 
General Joseph Warren, a brave Massachusetts soldier who fell while fighting 
at the battle of Bunker Hill. 

Population 23,145 County Seat, Warrenton 

State Senator 3rd District W. W. White Manson 

Member House of Representatives ...John Kerr, Jr. Warrenton 

Clerk of Court Joe N. Ellis Warrenton 

Register of Deeds Sam E. Allen Warrenton 

Sheriff Roy V. Shearin Warrenton 

Treasui'er Citizens Bank Warrenton 

Auditor J. T. Ellington Warrenton 

Coroner Ed Petar Ridgeway 

County Health Officer Dr. A. D. Gregg Warrenton 

Supt. of Schools J. Edward Allen Warrenton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Lora P. Wilkie Warrenton 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Laura B. Barker Warrenton 

Colored Annie B. Branche Warrenton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Frank Reams Warrenton 

Colored C. S. Wynn Warrenton 

Chmn. Bd. Education Harry Walker Norlina 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Richard R. Davis ....... Warrenton 

District Game and Fish Protector ..A. B. Pridgen [nez 

Forest Warden E. H. Pinnell Warrenton, RFD 

County Attorney John Ken-. Jr Warrenton 

County Librarian Mabel Davis Warrenton 

Veterans Service Officer B. G. White ...Warrenton 

Recorder's Court : 

Judge John M. Picot Littleton 

Solictor William W. Taylor. Jr Warrenton 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. H. Burroughs Warrenton 

Commissioner A. L. Fleming Norlina 

Commissioner H. L. Wall Blam 

Commissioner R. L. Capps . Areola 

Commissioner J. T. Harris hie/. 



584 North Carolina Manual 



WASHINGTON 

Washington County was formed in 1799 from Tyrrell. Was named in honoi 
of George Washington. 

Population, 12,323 County Seat, Plymouth 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 2nd District Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

John C. Rodman Washington 

Member House of Representatives John W. Darden Plymouth 

Clerk of Court W. M. Darden Plymouth 

Register of Deeds J. Robeit Campbell Plymouth 

Sheriff J. K. Reid Plymouth 

Treasurer Branch Banking & Trust Co Plymouth 

Tax Supervisor E. H. Liverman Plymouth 

Tax Collector E. J. Spruill . Plymouth 

County Accountant E