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Full text of "North Carolina manual [serial]"

THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINLANA 



C917.05 
N87in 
1951 
C.4 




7482500 



This book may be kept out one month unless a recall 
notice is sent to you. It must be brought to the North 
Carolina Collection (in Wilson Library) for renewal. 



Form No. A-369 



NORTH CAROLINA 

/AANUAL 

1951 



5 



NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1951 




Issued by 

Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 
Raleigh 



1951 



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^ 

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/I 



TO THE 

1051 MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 



TO THE 

STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND TOWN OFFICIALS 



AND TO THE 

PEOPLE OF THE OLD NORTH STATE 
AT HOME AND ABROAD 



THIS MANUAL IS RESPECTFULLY 
DEDICATED 




Secretary of State 



Printed by 

WINSTON PRINTING COMPANY 

Winston-Salem, N. C U. S. A. 



CONTENTS 

PART I 
HISTORICAL 

Page 

The State 11 

The State Capitol 19 

Chief Executives of North Carolina 

Governors of Virginia 21 

Executives under the Proprietors 21 

Governors under the Crown 22 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 22 

Governors Elected by the People 24 

The State Flag 27 

The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence 28 

The Great Seal of North Carolina 30 

The State Bird 33 

The Halifax Resolution 34 

Name of State and Nicknames 35 

The State Motto 35 

The State Colors 36 

The State Flower 36 

The State's Most Famous Toast 36 

Legal Holidays in North Carolina 36 

Population of the State since 1675 37 

State Song 38 

The Constitution of North Carolina 39 

The American's Creed 77 

The American Flag 

Origin 77 

Proper Display 79 

Pledge to the Flag 83 

The National Capitol 85 

Declaration of Independence 88 

Constitution of the United States 93 

PART II 

CENSUS 

Seventeenth Census, 1950 

Population of State 117 

Population of Counties 118 

Population of Cities and Towns 118 



North Carolina Manual 



PART III 
POLITICAL 

Page 

Conprressional Districts 127 

Judicial Districts 127 

Senatorial Districts and Apportionment of Senators 128 

Apportionment of Members of the House of Representatives. 131 

State Democratic Platform 132 

Plan of Organization of the State Democratic Party 143 

Committees of the Democratic Party 

State Democratic Executive Committee 158 

Congressional District Executive Committees 162 

Judicial District Executive Committees 166 

Senatorial Executive Committees 170 

State Democratic Solicitorial District 

Executive Committees 173 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 179 

State Republican Platform 181 

Plan of Organization of the State Republican Party 184 

Committees of the Republican Party 

State Republican Executive Committee 190 

Congressional, Judicial, and Senatorial 

District Committees 192 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 192 

PART IV 

ELECTION RETURNS 

Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States, 1948 . . . 195 

Popular Vote for President by States, 1932-1944 196 

Vote for President by Counties, 1928-1948 198 

Vote for Governor bv Counties, Primaries, 1948 201 

Vote for Governor by Counties, General Elections, 1928-1948 . 204 

Vote for State Officials, Democratic Primaries, 1940 and 1944 . 207 

Vote for State Officials by Counties, Primary, 1948 210 

Primarv Vote for Commissioner of Insurance, May 27, 1950. . 213 

Total Votes Cast— General Election, 1948 214 

Vote for Governor in Democratic Primaries, 1920-1948 215 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primary, May 27, 1959. 216 

Vote for Congressmen in Second Primary, June 24, 1950 .... 218 

Vote for Congressmen in Republican Primary, May 27, 1950. . 219 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1936-1950 220 

Vote for United States Senator, First Primary, May 27, 1950 . 235 
Vote for United States Senator, Second Primary, 

June 24, 1950 237 

Vote for United States Senator, General Election, 

November 7, 1950 239 

Vote on Constitutional Amendments by Counties, 1950 241 

Vote in Special Election on Road and School Bonds. 

June 4, 1949 248 

Vote on Prohibition, 1881, 1908, 1933 250 



Contents 



PART V 

GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

, Page 

Agencies, Boards and Commissions 253 

North Carolina Institutions 
Correctional 

White 275 

Negro 275 

Educational 

White 276 

Negro 283 

Hospitals 

White 287 

Negro 290 

Confederate Woman's Home 290 

Examining Boards 291 

State Owned Railroads 298 

PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 

The General Assembly 

Senate 

Officers 301 

Senators (Arranged Alphabetically) 301 

Senators (Arranged by Districts) 302 

Rules 303 

Standing Committees 319 

Seat Assignments 325 

House of Representatives 

Officers 326 

Members (Arranged Alphabetically) 326 

Members (Arranged by Counties) 828 

Rules 330 

Standing Committees 345 

Seat Assignments 357 

PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Executive Officials 363 

Administrative Officials 371 

United States Senators 391 

Representatives in Congress 393 

Justices of the Supreme Court 402 

Members of the General Assembly 

Senators 410 

Representatives 441 

Occupational and Professional Classification 505 



North Carolina Manual 



PART VIII 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 

Page 

United States Government 

President and Vice-President 513 

Cabinet Members 513 

North Carolina Senators and Representatives in Congress. 513 

United States Supreme Court Justices 513 

United States District Court 

Judges 513 

Clerks 513 

District Attorneys 513 

United States Circuit Court of Appeals 

Judge Fourth District 513 

State Government 

Legislative Department 514 

Executive Department 514 

Judicial Department 514 

Administrative Department 515 

State Institutions 516 

Heads of Agencies other than State 517 

County Government 518 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

State Capitol 18 

State Flag 26 

State Seal 31 

State Bird 32 

State Song (Words and Music) 38 

Map of North Carolina 76 

The American Flag Opposite Page 71 

Map Showing Congressional Districts 144, 145 

Map Showing Senatorial Districts 176, 177 

Map Showing Judicial Districts 208, 209 

Seating Diagram of Senate Chamber 324 

Seating Diagram of House of Representatives 358 

Pictures 

Governor 362 

State Officers 367 

Senators and Congressmen 390, 397 

Justices of the Supreme Court 404 

State Senators 411, 417, 425 

Members House of Representatives 

443,453,461,469,478,487,499 



PART I 
HISTORICAL 



THE STATE 

North Carolina, often called the "Tar Heel" state, was the scene 
of the first attempt to colonize America by English-speaking peo- 
ple. Under a charter granted to Sir Walter Raleigh by Queen 
Elizabeth, a colony was begun in the 1580's on Roanoke Island. 
This settlement, however, was unsuccessful and later became 
known as "The Lost Colony." 

The first permanent settlement was made about 1650 by immi- 
grants from Virginia. In 1663 Charles II granted to eight Lords 
Proprietors a charter for the territory lying "within six and 
thirty degrees of the northern latitude, and to the west as far as 
the south seas, and so southerly as far as the river St Mattias, 
which bordereth upon the coast of Florida, and within one and 
thirty degrees of northern latitude, and so west in a direct line as 
far as the south seas aforesaid; . . ." and the colony was called 
Carolina. In 1665 another charter was granted to these noble- 
men. This charter extended the limits of Carolina so that the 
northern line was 36 degrees and 30 minutes north latitude, and 
the southern line was 29 degrees north latitude, and both of these 
lines extended westward to the South seas. 

In 1669 John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions as a 
model for the government of Carolina. The Lords Proprietors 
adopted these constitutions and directed the governor to put into 
operation as much of them as was feasible. In 1670 there were 
four precincts (changed to counties in 1739) ; Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans, Chowan, and Currituck. North Carolina now has one 
hundred counties. 

Carolina on December 7, 1710, was divided into North Carolina 
and South Carolina, and Edward Hyde, on May 12, 1712, became 
the first governor of North Carolina. 

In 1729 seven of the eight Lord Proprietors sold their interest 
in Carolina to the Crown and North Carolina became a royal 
colony. George Burrington was the first royal governor. Richard 
Everard, the last proprietary governor, served until Burrington 
was appointed. 

North Carolina, on April 12, 1776, authorized her delegates in 
the Continental Congress to vote for independence, and on Decem- 
ber 18, 1776, adopted a constitution. Richard Caswell became the 

11 



12 North Carolina Manual 

first governor under this constitution. On November 21, 1789, the 
state adopted the United States Constitution, being the twelfth 
state to enter the Federal Union. North Carolina, in 1788, had 
rejected the Constitution on the grounds that certain amendments 
were vital and necessary to a free people. 

A Constitutional convention was held in 1835 and among several 
changes made in the Constitution was the method of electing the 
governor. After this change the governor was elected by the peo- 
ple for a term of two years instead of being elected by the Legis- 
lature for a term of one year. Edward Bishop Dudley was the 
first governor elected by the people. 

North Carolina seceded from the Union May 20, 1861, and was 
readmitted to the Union in July, 1868. 

A new State Constitution was adopted in 1868 and since that 
date the governor has been elected by the people for four-year 
terms and he cannot succeed himself. There has not been a new 
constitution since 1868, but numerous amendments have been 
added to it. 

North Carolina has had a democratic administration since 1900, 
during which period it has made its greatest progress. 

North Carolina has had two permanent capitals — New Bern and 
Raleigh — and there have been three capitol buildings. Tryon's 
Palace in New Bern was constructed in the period, 1767-1770, 
and the main building was destroyed by fire February 27, 1798. 
The first capitol in Raleigh was completed in 1794 and was de- 
stroyed by fire on June 21, 1831. The present capitol was com- 
pleted in 1840. 

The state in 1790 ceded her western lands, which was composed 
of Washington, Davidson, Hawkins, Greene, Sullivan, Sumner, 
and Tennessee counties, to the Federal government, and between 
1790 and 1796 the territory was known as Tennessee Territory, 
but in 1796 it became the fifteenth state in the Union. 

In 1738, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed an act 
authorizing the establishment of district courts which served as 
appelant courts. These courts were authorized to be held in Bath, 
New Bern, and New Town — now Wilmington. In 1746, the Gen- 
eral Assembly repealed the act of 1738 and established district 
courts to be held at Edenton, Wilmington, and Edgecombe. From 
1754 until 1790, other districts were formed as the state expanded 



The State 13 

in territory and developed needs for these districts. By 1790, there 
were eight judicial districts divided into two ridings of four dis- 
tricts each. In 1806, the General Assembly passed an act estab- 
lishing a superior court in each county. The act also set up 
judicial districts composed of certain contiguous counties, and this 
practice of expanding the districts has continued from five dis- 
tricts in 1806 until now there are twenty-one districts. 

When North Carolina adopted the Federal Constitution on 
November 21, 1789, she was authorized to send two senators and 
five representatives to the Congress of the United States accord- 
ing to the constitutional apportionment. In 1792, when the first 
federal census had been completed and tabulated, it was found 
that North Carolina was entitled to ten representatives. It was 
then that the General Assembly divided the state into ten con- 
gressional districts. In 1812, the state had grown and increased 
in population until it was entitled to thirteen representatives in 
Congress. Between 1812 and 1865, however, the population de- 
creased so much in porportion to the population of the other states 
of the Union that North Carolina was by that time entitled only 
to seven representatives. Since 1865 the population of the state 
has shown a slow but steady increase, and now there are twelve 
congressional districts. The state, therefore, has two senators and 
twelve representatives in the Congress of the United States. 

North Carolina supports a nine-month school for every child of 
school age and maintains a fleet of 6,130 busses by which it trans- 
ports 410,000 children to school each school day in the year. Dur- 
ing a nine months term these 6,130 busses travel approximately 
42,910,000 miles. 

January 1, 1951, the state had under its direct jurisdiction 65,- 
676 miles of highways, roads, and streets in North Carolina, this 
length being roughly equivalent to the distance of two and one 
half times around the world at the equator. This vast mileage is 
divided into three basic systems as follows: 

The Rural State Highway System which covers the U. S. and 
N. C. routes for a length of 10,521 miles of which 10,064 are hard 
surfaced. It includes 52,822 miles of county or secondary roads 
under the exclusive jurisdiction of the state of which 10,795 miles 
have been hard surfaced. Phenomenal growth was noted in this 
respect in 1950. The figure 10,795 having been increased from 



14 North Carolina Manual 

n,372 niiks within twelve months and representing a paving pro- 
gram on this system (lining the year of 4,423 miles. This great 
liaving j)rogram was financed by a special bond issue approved 
by the people in an election held in June of 1949; and represents, 
by far, the greatest paving program in the history of the state — 
this 4,423 mils of new roads is equivalent to the distance from 
Raleigh to Berlin, Germany. 

In addition, the state has exclusive or co-ordinate jurisdiction 
over 2,333 miles of city and town streets which form a part of 
the state highway and county road system in municipalities of 
which 1,841 miles are paved. 

All told, the state operates a system which includes 22,700 miles 
of paved roads and streets, and 42,976 miles of unpaved roads 
and streets. In terms of state size, population and wealth, there 
is no state in the nation which can exceed these highway and road 
services to its people. 

The entire program since 1921 has been financed exclusively 
from the gasoline tax, motor vehicle license fees and federal aid 
without recourse to property taxation or aid from the general 
state fund. During the last fiscal year the state expended $80,- 
502,737.00 for construction, maintenance, betterments and improve- 
ments, including the operation of the Motor Vehicle Bureau, High- 
way Patrol, the Highway Safety Division, several other state 
agencies, and the retirement of debt. 

The $200,000,000.00 secondary road improvement program men- 
tioned above was but about half completed as of January 1, 1951. 
Unless war shortages or other adverse influences develop, the re- 
maining half of this program should be completed within the next 
eighteen to twenty-four months. 

North Carolina from its earliest time has always been an agri- 
cultural state. In the early period the chief exports were beef, 
pork, tobacco, corn, and of course, naval stores such as tar, pitch, 
and turpentine, which gave an additional income to the farmers. 
Some of the principal agricultural products now are corn, cotton, 
tobacco, wheat, barley, oats, peanuts, soya beans, various types 
of hay, potatoes, garden truck, dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, 
and fruits. The production of flue-cured tobacco in 1950 totaled 
857,150,000 pounds; also there was produced 16,000,000 pounds of 
hurley tobacco, making a total crop of 873,150,000 pounds. Dur- 



The State 15 

ing: the same year North Carolina produced 248,040,000 pounds of 
peanuts valued at approximately $31,501,000.00. The cotton crop 
for 1950 amounted to 180,000 bales and brought approximately 
$36,450,000.00. The production of hay, including- all types, 
amounted to 1,246,000 tons valued at approximately $35,511,000.00. 
The corn crop amounted to 81,955,000 bushels valued at $118,835,- 
000.00, produced from 2,215,000 acres. Irish potatoes for 1950 
amounted to 10,368,000 bushels valued at $8,294,000.00. These 
potatoes were produced from a total of 64,000 acres. Sweet pota- 
toes produced during the year amounted to 6,785,000 bushels pro- 
duced from 59,000 acres and valued at $12,552,000.00. Soya bean 
production during the year amounted to 5,117,000 bushels pro- 
duced from 301,000 acres and valued at $12,537,000.00. North 
Carolina produces much fruit and nuts. Commercial apple pro- 
duction during the year amounted to 1,296,000 bushels valued at 
$2,053,000.00; 548,000 bushels of peaches valued at $2,247,000.00; 
150,000 bushels of pears valued at $300,000.00; 5,500 tons of 
grapes valued at $908,000.00, and 2,047,000 pounds of pecans 
valued at $618,000.00 were produced. 

In addition to the agricultural products produced in North Caro- 
lina, the state is becoming to be known as an industrial state. 
The state manufactures furniture, textiles, tobacco, and almost 
any kind of manufacturing done in any other section of the Na- 
tion. There are in North Carolina eight tobacco manufacturing- 
establishments, not including stemmeries, which employ 23,300 
persons whose annual income is $111,900,000.00. The value of the 
tobacco products produced during the year of 1949 was $538,400,- 
000.00. The tobacco factories manufactured cigarettes, cigars, 
smoking- tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff. 

There are in the state 373 furniture manufacturing- establish- 
ments which employ 31,400 persons whose salaries amount to $77,- 
600,000.00. The value of the furniture manufacturing in North 
Carolina during 1949 was $58,800,000.00. 

There are approximately 941 textile manufacturing plants in the 
state. These plants employ 220,700 persons whose gross earnings 
are approximately $782,900.00. During 1949 these 941 plants pro- 
duced products valuing at approximately $549,700,000.00. Some 
of the pi-oducts manufactured are cotton, yarn, thread, twine, 
cordage, cotton woven goods, both broad and narrow; silk and 



Ifi North Carolina Manual 

rayon thread, yarn and woven poods, woolen and worsted yarn, 
hosiery, both seamless and full-fashion made of cotton, silk, and 
nylon. 

There are approximately 737 food plants in the state. These 
plants employ 17,200 persons whose gross earnings are approxi- 
mately $54,600,000.00. During 1949 these 737 plants produced 
products valued at approximately $69,200,000.00. 

There are in the state 29 transportation equipment plants which 
employ 1,200 persons whose salaries amount to $1,000,000.00. The 
value of the sales products produced in 1949 was approximately 
82,500,000.00. 

Rural electrification began in North Carolina in 1917, but very 
little progress was made until 1935. Cleveland County, however, 
in 1925 built approximately 90 miles of rural electric lines to 
serve the farmers of that county. In 1935, there were in North 
Carolina 1,884 miles of rural lines serving 11,558 farms. The last 
report of the Rural Electrification Authority in North Carolina, 
July 1, 1950, showed there were 72,960 miles of rural lines serv- 
ing 445,176 consumers. In addition to this there were 1,872 miles 
of rural electrification lines under consti'uction and 4,872 miles 
authorized but not yet under construction. North Carolina has 
made its greatest progress in agricultural development and rural 
electrification of the farms during the least quarter of a century. 
When rural electrification first began in the state, it consisted 
chiefly of lights for the home produced by some type of battery 
system. Now farms are electrified and stoves, ranges, washing 
machines, lights, sweet potato curers, milkers, hay curers, motors 
for grinding grain, and many other items are in use. It is one 
of the many good labor-saving devices for the rural homes and 
farm activities. 



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THE STATE CAPITOL 

The original State Capitol of North Carolina was destroyed by 
fire on June 21, 1831. 

At the session of November, 1832, the Assembly resolved to 
rebuild on the old site, and $50,000 was appropriated for the pur- 
pose. Commissioners were appointed to have the work done. The 
rubbish was cleared away, the excavations made and the founda- 
tions were laid. On July 4, 1833, the cornerstone was set in place. 

After the foundations were laid the work progressed more 
slowly, and it was so expensive that the appropriation was ex- 
hausted. The Legislature at its next session appropriated $75,000 
more. To do the stone and finer work many skilled artisans had 
been brought from Scotland and other countries. The Building 
Commissioners contracted with David Paton to come to Raleigh 
and superintend the work. Mr. Paton was an ai-chitect who had 
come from Scotland the year before. He was the builder, the archi- 
tect, and designer. 

The Legislature was compelled to make appropriations for the 
work from time to time. The following is a table of the several 
appropriations made: 

Session of 1832-33 $ 50,000.00 

Session of 1833-34 75,000.00 

Session of 1834-35 75,000.00 

Session of 1835 75,000.00 

Session of 1836-37 120,000.00 

Session of 1838-39 105,300.00 

Session of 1840-41 31,374.46 

Total $531,674.46 

The stone with which the building was erected was the property 
of the State. Had the State been compelled to pui'chase this ma- 
terial the cost of the Capitol would have been considerably in- 
creased. 

In the summer of 1840 the work was finished. At last, after 
more than seven years, the sum of $531,674.46 was expended. As 
large as that sum was for the time, when the State was so poor 
and when the entire taxes for all State purposes reached less than 

19 



20 North Carolina Manual 

$100,000, yet the people were satisfied. The building had been 
erected with rigorous economy, and it was an object of great pride 
to the people. Indeed, never was money better expended than in 
the erection of this noble Capitol. 

Description of the Capitol, Written by David Paton, 

the Architect 

"The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south 
by 140 feet from east to west. The whole height is 97^/2 feet in the 
center. The apex of pediment is 64 feet in height. The stylobate 
is 18 feet in height. The columns of the east and west porticoes 
are 5 feet 21/2 inches in diameter. At entablature, including block- 
ing course, is continued around the building, 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied 
from the Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, 
which was erected in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An 
octagon tower surrounds the rotunda, which is ornamented with 
Grecian cornices, etc., and its dome is decorated at top with a 
similar ornament to that of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, 
commonly called the Lanthorn of Demosthenes. 

"The interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories: First, 
the lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appro- 
priated as offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Comp- 
troller, each having two rooms of the same size — the one contain- 
ing an area of 649 square feet, the other 528 square feet — the two 
committee rooms, each containing 200 square feet, and four 
closets; also the rotunda, corridors, vestibules, and piazzas, con- 
tain an area of 4,370 square feet. The vestibules are decorated 
with columns and antae, similar to those of the Ionic Temple on the 
Ilissus, near the Acropolis of Athens. The remainder is groined 
with stone and brick, springing from columns and pilasters of 
the Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' 
chambers, the former containing an area of 2,545 and the latter 
2,849 square feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, 
two of which contain each an area of 169 square feet, and the 
other two contain each an area of 154 square feet; also, two 
rooms enter from Representatives' chamber, each containing an 



The State Capitol 21 

area of 170 square feet; of two committee rooms, each containing 
an area of 231 square feet; of four presses and the passages, 
stairs, lobbies, and colonnades, containing an area of 3,204 square 
feet. 

"The lobbies and Hall of Representatives have their columns 
and antae of the Octagon Tower of Andronicus Cyrrhestes and 
the plan of the hall is of the formation of the Greek theatre and 
the columns and antae in the Senatorial chamber and rotunda are 
of the Temple of Erectheus, Minerva Polias, and Pandrosus, in 
the Acropolis of Athens, near the above named Parthenon. 

"Third, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the 
Supreme Court and Library, each containing an area of 693 square 
feet. Galleries of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet; 
also two apartments entering from Senate gallery, each 169 square 
feet, of four presses and the lobbies' stairs, 988 square feet. These 
lobbies as well as rotunda, are lit with cupolas, and it is proposed 
to finish the court and library in the florid Gothic style." 



CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Governors of "Virginia" 

Ralph Lane, April ...., 1585-June ...., 1586. 
John White, April ...., 1587-August ...., 1587. 

Chief Executives Under the Proprietors 

William Drummond, October . .., 1663-October ...., 1667. 
Samuel Stephens, October ...., 1667-December ...., 1669. 
Peter Carteret, October ...., 1670-May ...., 1673. 
John Jenkins, May ...., 1673-November ...., 1676. 

Thomas Eastchurch, November ...., 1676- , 1678. 

Thomas Miller, , 1677- 

John Culpepper, , 1677- , 1678. 

Seth Sothel, , 1678- ... 

John Harvey, February ...., 1679-August ...., 1679. 

John Jenkins, November ...., 1679- , 1681. 

Seth Sothel, , 1682- , 1689. 

Philip Ludwell, December ...., 1689- , 1691. 



22 North Carolina Manual 

Philip Ludwcll, November 2, 1G91- , 1694. 

Thomas Jarvis, , 1691- , 1694. 

John Archdale, August 31, 1694- , 1696. 

John Harvey, , 1694- , 1699. 

Henderfon Walker , 1699-August 14, 1704. 

Robert Daniel, , 1704- , 1705. 

Thomas Gary, , 1705- , 1706. 

William Glover, , 1706- , 1708. 

Thomas Gary, , 1708-January ...., 1711. 

Edward Hyde, , 1710-May 9, 1712. 

Edward Hyde, May 9, 1712-September 8, 1712. 
Thomas Pollock, September 12, 1712-May 28, 1714. 
Charles Eden, May 28, 1714-March 26, 1722. 
Thomas Pollock, March 30, 1722-August 30, 1722. 
William Reed, August 30, 1722-January 15, 1724. 
George Burrington, January 15, 1724-July 17, 1725. 
Richard Everard, July 17, 1725-May ...., 1728. 

Governors Under the Crown 

Richard Everard, May ...., 1728-February 25, 1731. 
George Burrington, February 25, 1731-April 15, 1734. 
Nathaniel Rice, April 15, 1734-October 27, 1734. 
Gabriel Johnston, October 27, 1734-July 17, 1752. 
Matthew Rowan, July 17, 1752-November 2, 1754. 
Arthur Dobbs, November 2, 1754-March 28, 1765. 
William Tryon, March 28, 1765-December 20, 1765. 
William Tryon, December 20, 1765-JuIy 1, 1771. 
James Hasell, July 1, 1771-August 12, 1771. 
Josiah Martin, August 12, 1771-May ...., 1775. 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 

Name, County, Term of Office 

Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 19, 1776-April 18, 1777. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1777-April 18, 1778. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18-1778-May 4, 1779. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, May 4, 1779-April, 1780. 
Abner Nash, Craven, April, 1780-June 26, 1781. 
Thomas Burke, Orange, June 26, 1781-April 26, 1782. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 26, 1782-April 30, 1783. 



Governors 23 

Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 30, 1783-April 1, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 1, 1785-December 12, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 12, 1785-December 23, 1786. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 23, 1786-December 20, 1787. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, December 20, 1787-November 18, 1788. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 18, 1788-November 16, 1789. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 16, 1789-December 17, 1789. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 17, 1789-December 9, 1790. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 9, 1790-January 2, 1792. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, January 2, 1792-December 14, 1792. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 14, 1792-December 26, 1793. 
R. D. Spaig-ht, Craven, December 26, 1793-January 6, 1795. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, January 6, 1795-November 19, 1795. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, November 19, 1795-December 19, 1796. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 19, 1796-December 5, 1797. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 5, 1797-December 7. 1798. 
W. R. Davie, Halifax, December 7, 1798-November 23, 1799. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 23, 1799-November 29, 1800. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 29, 1800-November 28, 1801. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 28, 1801-December 6, 1802. 
James Turner, Warren, December 6, 1802-December 1, 1803. 
James Turner, Warren, December 1, 1803-November 29, 1804. 
James Turner, Warren, November 29, 1804-December 10, 1805. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 10, 1805-December 

1, 1806. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 1, 1806-December 1, 

1807. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, December 1, 1807-December 12, 1808. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 12, 1808-December 13, 1809. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 13, 1809-December 5, 1810. 
Benjamin Smith, Brunswick, December 5, 1810-December 9, 1811. 
William Hawkins, Warren, December 9, 1811-November 25, 1812. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 25, 1812-November 20, 1813. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 20, 1813-November 29, 1814. 
William Miller, Warren, November 29, 1814-December 7, 1815. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1815-December 7, 1816. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1816-December 3, 1817. 
John Branch, Halifax, December 3, 1817-November 24, 1818. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 24, 1818-November 25, 1819. 



24 North Carolina Manual 

John Branch, Halifax, November 25, 1819-December 7, 1820. 
Jesse Franklin, Surry, December 7, 1820-December 7, 1821. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1821-December 7, 1822. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1822-December 6, 1823. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 6, 1823-December 7, 1824. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 7, 1824-December 6, 1825. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 6, 1825-December 29, 1826. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 29, 1826-December 8, 1827. 
James Iredell, Chowan, December 8, 1827-December 12, 1828. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 12, 1828-December 10, 1829. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 10, 1829-December 18, 1830. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 18, 1830-December 13, 1831. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 13, 1831-December 6, 1832. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 6, 1832-December 9, 1833. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 9, 1833-December 10, 1834. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 10, 1834-December 10, 1835. 
R. D. Spaig-ht, Jr., Craven, December 10, 1835-December 31, 1836. 



Governors Elected by the People 

E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 31, 1836-December 29, 1838. 
E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 29, 1838-January 1, 1841. 
J. M. Morehead, Guilford, January 1, 1841-December 31, 1842. 
J. M. Morehead, Guilford, December 31, 1842-January 1, 1845. 
W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1845-January 1, 1847. 
W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1847-January 1, 1849. 
Charles Manly, Wake, January 1, 1849-January 1, 1851. 
D. S. Reid, Rockingham, January 1, 1851-December 22, 1852. 
D. S. Reid, Rockingham, December 22, 1852-December 6, 1854. 
Warren Winslow, Cumberland, December 6, 1854-January 1, 1855. 
Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1855-January 1, 1857. 
Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1857-January 1, 1859. 
John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1859-January 1, 1861. 
John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1861-July 7, 1861. 
Henry T. Clark, Edgecombe, July 7, 1861-September 8, 1862. 
Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, September 8, 1862-December 22, 1864. 
Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, December 22, 1864-May 29, 1865. 
W. W. Holden, Wake, May 29, 1865-December 15, 1865. 
Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 15, 1865-December 22, 1866. 



Governors 25 

Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 22, 1866-July 1, 1868. 
W. W. Holden, Wake, July 1, 1868-December 15, 1870. 
T. R. Caldwell, Burke, December 15, 1870-January 1, 1873. 
T. R. Caldwell, Burke, January 1, 1873-July 11, 1874. 

C. H. Brogden, Wayne, July 11, 1874-January 1, 1877. 

Z. B. Vance, Mecklenburg, January 1, 1877-February 5, 1879. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, February 5, 1879-January 18, 1881. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, January 18, 1881-January 21, 1885. 

A. M. Scales, Rockingham, January 21, 1885-January 17, 1889. 

D. G. Fowle, Wake, January 17, 1889-April 8, 1891. 
Thomas M. Holt, Alamance, April 8, 1891-January 18, 1893. 
Elias Carr, Edgecombe, January 18, 1893-January 12, 1897. 
D. L. Russell, Brunswick, January 12, 1897-January 15, 1901. 
C. B. Aycock, Wayne, January 15, 1901-January 11, 1905. 

R. B. Glenn, Forsyth, January 11, 1905-January 12, 1909. 
W. W. Kitchen, Person, January 12, 1909-January 15, 1913. 
Locke Craige, Buncombe, January 15, 1913-January 11, 1917. 
Thomas W. Bickett, Franklin, January 11, 1917-January 12, 1921. 
Cameron Morrison, Mecklenburg, January 12, 1921-January 14, 

1925. 
Angus Wilton McLean, Robeson, January 14, 1925-January 11, 

1929. 
O. Max Gardner, Cleveland, January 11, 1929-January 5, 1933. 
J. C. B. Ehringhaus, Pasquotank, January 5, 1933-January 7, 1937. 
Clyde R. Hoey, Cleveland, January 7, 1937-January 9, 1941. 
J. Melville Broughton, Wake, January 9, 1941-January 4, 1945. 
R. Gregg Cherry, Gaston, January 4, 1945-January 6, 1949. 
W. Kerr Scott, Alamance, January 6, 1949- 



THE STATE FLAG 

An Act to Establish a State Flag 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a blue 
union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the letter 
N in gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of said 
star, the circle containing the same to be one-third the width of 
the union. 

Sec. 2. That the fly of the flag shall consist of two equally pro- 
portioned bars; the upper bar to be red, the lower bar to be white; 
that the length of the bars horizontally shall be equal to the per- 
pendicular length cf the union, and the total length of the flag 
shall be one-third more than its width. 

Sec. 3. That above the star in the center of the union there 
shall be a gilt scroll in semicircular form, containing in black let- 
ters this inscription: "May 20th, 1775," and that below the star 
there shall be a similar scroll containing in black letters the in- 
scription: "April 12th, 1776." 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 9th 
day of March, A.D., 1885. 

No change has been made in the flag since the passage of this 
act. By an act of 1907 it is provided: 

"That the board of trustees or managers of the several State in- 
stitutions and public buildings shall provide a North Carolina flag, 
of such dimensions and materials as they may deem best, and the 
same shall be displayed from a staff upon the top of each and 
every such building at all times except during inclement weather, 
and upon the death of any State officer or any prominent citizen 
the Flag shall be put at half-mast until the burial of such person 
shall have taken place. 

"That the Board of County Commissioners of the several coun- 
ties in this State shall likewise authorize the procuring of a North 
Carolina flag, to be displayed either on a staff upon the top, or 
draped behind the Judge's stand, in each and every courthouse in 
the State, and that the State flag shall be displayed at each and 
every term of court held, and on such other public occasions as 
the Commissioners may deem proper." (Rev., s. 5321; 1885, c. 291; 
1907, c. 838.) 

27 



THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION OF 
20th May, 1775* 

Declaration 

Names of the Delegates Present 

Col. Thomas Polk John McKnitt Alexander 

Ephraim Brevard Hezekiah Alexander 

Hezekiah J. Balch Adam Alexander 

John Phifer Charles Alexander 

James Harris Zacheus Wilson, Sen. 

William Kennon Waightstill Avery 

John Ford Benjamin Patton 

Richard Barry ■ Mathew McClure 

Henry Downs Neil Morrison 

Ezra Alexander Robert Irwin 

William Graham John Flenniken 

John Quary David Reese 

Abraham Alexander Richard Harris, Sen. 

Abraham Alexander was appointed Chairman, and John Mc- 
Knitt Alexander, Clerk. The following resolutions were offered, 
viz: 

1. Resolved, That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted or in 
any way form or manner countenanced the unchartered and dan- 
gerous invasion of our rights as claimed by Great Britain is an 
enemy to this country, to America, and to the inherent and in- 
alienable rights of man. 

2. Resolved, That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do 
hereby dissolve the political bands which have connected us to the 
mother country and hereby absolve ourselves from all allegiance 
to the British Crown and abjure all political connection contract 
or association with that nation who have wantonly trampled on 
our right and liberties and inhumanly shed the blood of American 
patriots at Lexington. 

3. Resolved, That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and in- 
dependent people, are, and of right ought to be a sovereign and 



* The above is found in Vol IX, pages 1263-65 of The Colonial Records of 
North Carolina. 

28 



The Mecklenburg Declaration 29 

self-governing association under the control of no power other 
than that of our God and the General Government of the Congress 
to the maintenance of which independence we solemnly pledge to 
each other our mutual cooperation, our lives, our fortunes, and 
our most sacred honor. 

4. Resolved, That as we now acknowledge the existence and con- 
trol of no law or legal officer, civil or military within this County, 
we do hereby ordain and adopt as a rule of life all each and every 
of our former laws — wherein nevertheless the Crown of Great 
Britain never can be considered as holding rights, privileges, im- 
munities, or authority therein. 

5. Resolved, That it is further decreed that all, each and every 
Military Officer in this Country is hereby reinstated in his former 
command and authority, he acting comformably to these regula- 
tions. And that every member present of this delegation shall 
henceforth be a civil officer, viz., a justice of the peace, in the 
character of a "committee man" to issue process, hear and deter- 
mine all matters of controversy according to said adopted laws 
and to preserve peace, union and harmony in said county, and 
to use every exertion to spread the love of Country and fire of 
freedom throughout America, until a more general and organized 
government be established in this Province. 



THE GREAT SEAL 

The Constitution of North Carolina, Article III, section 16, re- 
quires that 

"There shall be a seal of the State which shall be kept by the 
Governor, and used by him as occasion may require, and shall be 
called 'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina.' All grants 
and commissions shall be issued in the name and by the authority 
of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 'The Great Seal of the 
State,' signed by the Governor and countersigned by the Secretary 
of State." 

The use of a Great Seal for the attestation of important docu- 
ments began with the institution of government in North Carolina. 
There have been at various times nine different seals in use in 
the colony and State. 

The present Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is de- 
scribed as follows: 

"The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is two and one- 
(juarter inches in diameter, and its design is a representation of 
the figures of Liberty and Plenty, looking toward each other, but 
not more than half fronting each other, and otherwise disposed, as 
follows: Liberty, the first figure, standing, her pole with cap on it 
in her left hand and a scroll with the word 'Constitution' inscribed 
thereon in her right hand. Plenty, the second figure, sitting down, 
her right arm half extended toward Liberty, three heads of wheat 
in her right hand, and in her left the small end of her horn, the 
mouth of which is resting at her feet, and the contents of horn 
rolling out. In the exergon is inserted the words May 20, 1775, 
above the coat of arms. Around the circumference is the legend 
'The Great Seal of the State of Noilh Carolina' and the motto 
'Esse Quam Videri'." (Rev., s. 5339; Code ss. 3328, 3329; 1868-9, 
c. 270, s. 35; 1883, c. 392; 1893, c. 145.) 



30 



THE STATE BIRD 

By popular choice the Cardinal was selected for adoption as 
our State Bird as of March 4, 1943. (S. L. 1943 c. 595; G. S. 
145-2.) 

This bird is sometimes called the Winter Redbird because it is 
most conspicuous in winter and is the only "redbird" present at 
that season. It is an all year round resident and one of the com- 
monest birds in our gardens and thickets. It is about the size of a 
Catbird with a longer tail, red all over, except that the throat and 
region around the bill is black; the head is conspicuously crested 
and the large stout bill is red; the female is much duller — the 
red being mostly confined to the crest, wings and tail. There are 
no seasonal changes in the plumage. 

The Cardinal is a fine singer, and what is unusual among birds 
the female is said to sing as well as the male, which latter sex 
usually has a monopoly of that art in the feathered throngs. 

The nest is rather an untidy affair built of weed stems, grass 
and similar materials in a low shrub, small tree or bunch of briars, 
usually not over four feet above the ground. The usual number of 
eggs to a set is three in this State, usually four further North. 
Possibly the Cardinal raises an extra brood down here to make 
up the difference, or possibly he can keep up his normal population 
more easily here through not having to face inclement winters 
of the colder North. A conspicuous bird faces more hazards. 

The Cardinal is by nature a seed eater, but he does not dislike 
small fruits and insects. 



33 



THE HALIFAX RESOLUTION 

Adopted by the Provincial Congress of North Carolina in Session 

at Halifax, April 12, 1776 

It appears to your committee that pursuant to the plan concerted 
by the British Ministry for subjugating- America, the King and 
Parliament of Great Britain have usurped a power over the per- 
sons and properties of the people unlimited and uncontrolled; and 
disregarding their humble petitions for peace, liberty and safety, 
have made divers legislative acts, denouncing war, famine, and 
every species of calamity, against the Continent in general. The 
British fleets and armies have been, and still are, daily employed 
in destroying the people, and committing the most horrid devasta- 
tions on the country. The Governors in different Colonies have de- 
clared protection to slaves who should imbrue their hands in the 
blood of their masters. That ships belonging to America are de- 
clared prizes of war, and many of them have been violently seized 
and confiscated. In consequence of all of which multitudes of the 
people have been destroyed, or from easy circumstances reduced 
to the most lamentable distress. 

And Whereas, The moderation hitherto manifested by the 
United Colonies and their sincere desire to be reconciled to the 
mother country on constitutional principles, have procured no 
mitigation of the aforesaid wrongs and usurpations, and no hopes 
remain of obtaining redress by those means alone which have been 
hitherto tried, your committee are of opinion that the House should 
enter into the following resolve, to wit: 

Resolved, That the delegates for this Colony in the Continental 
Congress be empowered to concur with the delegates of the other 
Colonies in declaring Independency, and forming foreign alliances, 
reserving to this Colony the sole and exclusive right of forming 
a Constitution and laws for this Colony, and of appointing dele- 
gates from time to time (under the direction of a general repre- 
sentation thereof), to meet the delegates of the other Colonies for 
such purposes as shall be hereafter pointed out. 



34 



NAME OF STATE AND NICKNAMES 

In 1629 King Charles the First of England "erected into a 
province," all the land from Albemarle Sound on the north to the 
St. John's River on the south, which he directed should be called 
Carolina. The word Carolina is from the word Carolus, the Latin 
form of Charles. 

When Carolina was divided in 1710, the southern part was 
called South Carolina and the northern or older settlement was 
called North Carolina, or the "Old North State." Historians had 
recorded the fact that the principal products of this State were 
"tar, pitch and turpentine." It was during one of the fiercest 
battles of the War Between the States, so the story goes, that the 
column supporting the North Carolina troops was driven from the 
field. After the battle the North Carolinians, who had successfully 
fought it out alone, were greeted from the passing derelict regi- 
ment with the question: "Any more tar down in the Old North 
State, boys?" Quick as a flash came the answer: "No; not a bit; 
old Jeff's bought it all up." "Is that so; what is he going to do 
with it?" was asked. "He is going to put it on you'uns heels to 
make you stick better in the next fight." Creecy relates that Gen- 
eral Lee, hearing of the incident, said: "God bless the Tar Heel 
boys," and from that they took the name. — Adapted from Grand- 
father Tales of North Carolina by R. B. Creecy and Histories of 
North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, by Walter Clark. 

The State Motto 

The General Assembly of 1893 (chapter 145) adopted the words 
"Esse Quam Videri" as the State's motto and directed that these 
words with the date "20 May, 1775," should be placed with our 
Coat of Arms upon the Great Seal of the State. 

The words "Esse Quam Videri" mean "to be rather than to 
seem." Nearly every State has adopted a motto, generally in Latin, 
The reason for their mottoes being in Latin is that the Latin 
tongue is far more condensed and terse than the English. The 
three words, "Esse Quam Videri," require at least six English 
words to express the same idea. 

Curiosity has been aroused to learn the origin of our State 
motto. It is found in Cicero in his essay on Friendship (Cicero de 
Amicitia, chap. 26.) 

35 



36 North Carolina Manual 

It is a little singular that until the act of 1893 the sovereign 
State of North Carolina had no motto since its declaration of in- 
dependence. It was one of the very few States which did not have 
a motto and the only one of the original thirteen without one. 
(Rev., s. 5320; 1893, c. 145; G. S. 144-2.) 

The State Colors 

The General Assembly of 1945 declared Red and Blue of shades 
appearing in the North Carolina State Flag and the American 
Flag as the official State Colors. (Session Laws, 1945, c. 878; G. S. 
144-6.) 

The State Flower 

The General Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the 
State flower. (Public Laws, 1941, c. 289; G. S. 145-1.) 

The State's Most Famous Toast 

(Not Officially Desigyiated) 

"Here's to the land of the long leaf pine 
The summer land where the sun doth shine; 
Where the weak grow strong 
And the strong grow great, 
Here's to 'down home' 
The Old North State." 
(Composed in 1904- by Mrs. Harry C. Martin, former resident of 
Raleigh, N. C, but now living in Tennessee.) 

Legal Holidays 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

January 19 — Birthday of General Robert E. Lee. 

February 22 — Birthday of George Washington. 

Easter Monday. 

April 12 — Anniversary of the Resolutions adopted by the Pro- 
vincial Congress of North Carolina at Halifax, April 12, 1776, 
instructing the delegates from North Carolina to the Continental 
Congress to vote for a Declaration of Independence. 

May 10 — Confederate Memorial Day. 

May 20 — Anniversary of the "Mecklenburg Declaration of Inde- 
pendence." 



Population 37 

May 30— Memorial Day (Applies to State and National Banks 
only). 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

September, first Monday — Labor Day. 

November, Tuesday after first Monday — General Election Day. 

November 11 — Armistice Day. 

November, Fourth Thursday — Thanksgiving Day. 

By joint Resolution No. 41 of Congress, approved by the Presi- 
dent December 26, 1941, the fourth Thursday in November in each 
and every year after 1941, was designated as Thanksgiving Day 
and made a legal public holiday to all intents and purposes. 

December 25 — Christmas Day. 

Population 

1675 (Estimated) 4,000 

1701 (Estimated) 5,000 

1707 , (Estimated) 7,000 

1715 (Estimated) 11,000 

1729 (Estimated) 35,000 

1752 (Estimated) 100,000 

1765 (Estimated) 200,000 

1771 (Estimated) 250,000 

1786 (Estimated) 350,000 

1790 (Census) 393,751 

1800 (Census) 478,103 

1810 (Census) 555,500 

1820 (Census) 638,829 

1830 (Census) 737,987 

1840 (Census) 753,409 

1850 (Census) 869,039 

I860 (Census) 992,622 

1870 (Census) 1,071,361 

1880 (Census) 1,399,750 

1890 (Census) 1,617,947 

1900 (Census) 1,893,810 

1910 (Census) 2,206,287 

1920 (Census) 2,559,123 

1930 (Census) 3,170,276 

1940 (Census) 3,571,623 

1950 (Census) 4,061,929 



THE OLD NORTH STATE 

(Traditional air as sung in 1926) 



William Gastom 
With spirit 



Collected and abbanqbo 
BY Msa. E. E. Bandolpe 




:i^:=tz 



i 



,c=ts=s^^r=-=tj=s!=s=s 



i=3S 



1. Car - o - li - nal Car 

2. Tho' she cn - vies not 

3. Then let all those who 



li - na! heav-en's blcss-ings at - tend her, 
oth - ers, their mer - it - ed glo - ry, 
love us, love the land that we live in, 



ii^^ 



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m 



While we live we willcher-ish, pno - tect and de -fend her, Tho' the 
Say whose name stands the fore - most, in lib - er - ty's sto - ry, Tho' too 

As hao • py a re - gion as on this side of heav-en, Where 




|- - - - -ss^ 

scorn - er may sneer at and wit - lings de - fame her, Still our hearts swell with 
true to her - self e'er to crouch to op -pres-sion. Who can yield to just 
plen - ty and peace, love and joy smile be - fore us, Raise a-loud, raisi to- 



SS 



^3«: 



.^T.» » • — _* » — p^ * — ^ --• — p* • >^ — ^ I 




I 



Chorus 



glad - ness when ev • er we name her. 

rule a more loy - al sub - mis - sion. Hur • rahl 

geth - er the heart thrill - ing chorus. 



Hur - rahl 



the 



g^S^ 



4: 



3^ 



bfc 



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Old North State for -ev 



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er, 



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rit. 



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Hur - rahl 

rlS>- 



Hur - rahl the good Old North State. 

M ^ 




CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NORTH 

CAROLINA 



PREAMBLE 



We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Al- 
mighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preservation 
of the American Union and the existence of our civil, political, 
and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon 
Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, 
do, for the more certain security thereof and for the better gov- 
ernment of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I 

DECLARATION OF RIGHTS 

That the great, general, and essential principles of liberty and 
free government may be recognized and established, and that the 
relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United 
States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the 
American people, may be defined and affirmed, we do declare: 

Section 1. The equality and rights of -persons. That we hold it 
to be self-evident that all persons are created equal ; that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that 
among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of their 
own labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. Political poiver and government. That all political power 
is vested in, and derived from, the people; all government of right 
originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and 
is instituted solely for the good of the whole. 

Sec. 3. Internal government of the State. That the people of 
this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulat- 
ing the internal government and policies thereof, and of altering 
and abolishing their Constitution and form of government when- 
ever it may be necessary for their safety and happiness; but 
every such right should be exercised in pursuance of the law, and 
consistently with the Constitution of the United States. 

39 



40 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 4. That there is no right to secede. That this State shall 
ever remain a member of ths American Union; that the people 
thereof are a part of the American Nation; that there is no right 
on the pai-t of the State to secede, and that all attempts, from 
whatever source or upon whatever pretext, to dissolve said Union 
or to sever said Nation, oug-ht to be resisted with the whole power 
of the State. 

Sec. 5. Of Allegiance to the United States Government. That 
every citizen of this State owes paramount allegiance to the Con- 
stitution and Government of the United States, and that no law 
or ordinance of the State in contravention or subversion thereof 
can have any binding force. 

Sec. 6. Public debt; bonds issued binder ordinance of Con- 
vention of 1868, '68-'69, '69-'70, declared invalid; exception. The 
State shall never assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any 
debt or obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid of insur- 
rection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for 
the loss or emancipation of any slave; nor shall the General 
Assembly assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any tax 
to pay, either directly or indirectly, expressed or implied, any 
debt or bond incurred, or issued, by authority of the Convention 
of the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, nor any 
debt or bond incurred or issued by the Legislature of the year one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, either at its special ses- 
sion of the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, or at 
its regular sessions of the years one thousand eight hundred and 
sixty-eight and one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, and 
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine and one thousand eight 
hundred and seventy, except the bonds issued to fund the interest 
on the old debt of the State, unless the proposing to pay the same 
shall have first been submitted to the people, and by them ratified 
by the vote of a majority of all the qualified voters of the State 
at a regular election held for that purpose. 

Sec. 7. Exclusive emoluments, etc. No person or set of persons 
are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from 
the community but in consideration of public services. 

Sec. 8. The legislative, executive, and judicial powers distinct. 
The legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of the 
government ought to be forever separate and distinct from each 
other. 



Constitution 41 

Sec. 9. Of the poiver of suspending laivs. All power of suspend- 
ing laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without the 
consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to their 
rights, and ought not to be exercised. 

Sec. 10. Elections free. All elections ought to be free. 

Sec. 11. 1)1 criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions, 
every person charged with crime has the right to be informed 
of the accusation and to confront the accusers and witnesses with 
other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and not be com- 
pelled to give self-incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail 
fees, or necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found guilty. 

Sec. 12. Ansivers to criminal charges. No person shall be put 
to answer any criminal charge except as hereinafter allowed, but 
by indictment, presentment or impeachment, but any person, when 
represented by counsel, may, under sv;ch regulations as the Leg- 
islature shall prescribe, waive indictment in all except capital 
cases. 

Sec. 13. Right of jury. No person shall be convicted of any 
crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful 
persons in open court. The Legislature may, however, provide 
other means of trial for petty misdemeanors, with the right of 
appeal. 

Sec. 14. Excessive bail. Excessive bail should not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishment in- 
flicted. 

Sec. 15. General warrants. General warrants, whereby any 
officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places, 
without evidence of the act committed, or to seize any person or 
persons not named, whose offense is not particularly described 
and supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty, and ought not 
to be granted. 

Sec. 16. hnprisonment for debt. There shall be no imprison- 
ment for debt in this State, except in cases of fraud. 

Sec. 17. No perso7i taken, etc., hut by law of the land. No per- 
son ought to be taken, imprisoned, or disseized of his freehold, 
liberties or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner 
deprived of his life, liberty or property but by the law of the land. 

Sec. 18. Persons restrained of liberty. Every person restrained 
of his liberty is entitled to a remedy to inquire into the lawful- 



42 North Carolina Manual 

ness thereof, and to I'emove the same, if unlawful ; and such 
remedy ou^ht not to be denied or delayed. 

Sec. 19. Controversies at law respecting property. In all con- 
troversies at law respecting property, the ancient mode of trial by 
jury is one of the best securities of the rights of the people, and 
ought to remain sacred and inviolable. No person shall be excluded 
from jury service on account of sex. 

Sec. 20. Freedom of the press. The freedom of the press is one 
of the great bulwarks of liberty, and therefore ought never to be 
restrained, but every individual shall be held responsible for the 
abuse of the same. 

Sec. 21. Habeas corpus. The privileges of the writ of habeas 
corpus shall not be suspended. 

Sec. 22. Property qualification. As political rights and privi- 
leges are not dependent upon, or modified by, property, therefore 
no property qualification ought to affect the right to vote or hold 
office. 

Sec. 23. Representation and taxation. The people of the State 
ought not to be taxed, or made subject to the payment of any im- 
post or duty without the consent of themselves, or their represen- 
tatives in General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 24. Militia and the right to bear arms. A well regulated 
militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of 
the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; and, as 
standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they 
ought not to be kept up, and the m.ilitary should be kept under 
strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. Nothing 
herein contained shall justify the practice of carrying concealed 
weapons, or prevent the Legislature from enacting penal statutes 
against said practice. 

Sec. 25. Right of the people to assemble together. The people 
have a right to assemble together to consult for their common good, 
to instruct their representatives, and to apply to the Legislature 
for redress of grievances. But secret political societies are dan- 
gerous to the liberties of a free people, and should not be tolerated. 

Sec. 26. Religious liberty. All persons have a natural and in- 
alienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates 
of their own consciences, and no human authority should, in any 
case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience. 



Constitution 43 

Sec. 27. Education. The people have a right to the privilege 
of education, and it is the duty of the State to guard and main- 
tain that right. 

Sec. 28. Elections should be frequent. For redress of grievances, 
and for amending and strengthening the lavi^s, elections should 
be often held. 

Sec. 29. Recurrence to fundamental principles. A frequent re- 
currence to fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 30. Hereditary emoluments, etc. No hereditary emoluments, 
privileges, or honors ought to be granted or conferred in this State. 

Sec. 31. Perpetuities, etc. Perpetuities and monopolies are con- 
trary to the genius of a free State, and ought not to be allowed. 

Sec. 32. Ex post facto laws. Retrospective laws, punishing acts 
committed before the existence of such laws, and by them only 
declared criminal, are oppressive, unjust, and incompatible with 
liberty; wherefore no ex post facto law ought to be made. No law 
taxing retrospectively sales, purchases, or other acts previously 
done, ought to be passed. 

Sec. 33. Slavery prohibited. Slavery and involuntary servitude, 
otherwise than for crime, whereof the parties shall have been duly 
convicted, shall be, and are hereby, forever prohibited within the 
State. 

Sec. 34. State boundaries. The limits and boundaries of the 
State shall be and remain as they now are. 

Sec. 35. Courts shall be open. All courts shall be open; and 
every person for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person, 
or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law, and right 
and justice administered without sale, denial, or delay. 

Sec. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. No soldier shall, in time of 
peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner ; 
nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 37. Other rights of the people. This enumeration of rights 
shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the 
people; and all powers not herein delegated remain with the 
people. 



44 North Carolina Manual 

ARTICLE II 

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Ttvo brayiches. The legislative authority shall be 
vested in two distinct branches, both dependent on the people, to- 
wit: a Senate and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2. Time of assembling. The Senate and House of Represen- 
tatives shall meet biennially on the first Wednesday after the first 
Monday in January next after their election ; and, when assembled, 
shall be denominated the General Assembly. Neither house shall 
proceed upon public business unless a majority of all the members 
are actually present. 

Sec. 3. Niiviher of senators. The Senate shall be composed of 
fifty Senators, biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 4. Regulations in relation to districting the State for Sen- 
ators. The Senate Districts shall be so altered by the General 
Assembly, at the first session after the return of every enumera- 
tion by order of Congress, that each Senate District shall contain, 
as near as may be, an equal number of inhabitants, excluding 
aliens and Indians not taxed, and shall remain unaltered until the 
return of another enumeration, and shall at all times consist of 
contiguous territory; and no county shall be divided in the for- 
mation of a Senate District, unless such county shall be equitably 
entitled to two or more Senators. 

Sec. 5. Regulations in relation to apportionment of represeyita- 
tives. The House of Representatives shall be composed of one hun- 
dred and twenty Representatives, biennially chosen by ballot, to 
be elected by the counties respectively, according to their popula- 
tion, and each county shall have at least one Representative in the 
House of Representatives, although it may not contain the requi- 
site ratio of representation; this apportionment shall be made by 
the General Assembly at the respective times and periods when 
the districts of the Senate are hereinbefore directed to be laid off. 

Sec. 6. Ratio of representatioyi. In making the apportionment 
in the House of Representatives, the ratio of representation shall 
be ascertained by dividing the amount of the population of the 
State, exclusive of that comprehended within those counties which 
do not severally contain the one hundred and twentieth part of the 
population of the State, by the number of Representatives, less 



Constitution 45 

the number assigned to such counties; and in ascertaining the 
number of the population of the State, aliens and Indians not 
taxed shall not be included. To each county containing the said 
ratio and not twice the said ratio there shall be assigned one 
Representative; to each county containing twice but not three 
times the said ratio there shall be assigned two Representatives, 
and so on progressively, and then the remaining Representatives 
shall be assigned severally to the counties having the largest 
fractions. 

Sec. 7. Qualifications for senators. Each member of the Senate 
shall not be less than twenty-five years of age, shall have resided 
in the State as a citizen two years, and shall have usually resided 
in the district for which he was chosen one year immediately 
preceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Qualificatio7is for representatives. Each member of the 
House of Rrepresentatives shall be a qualified elector of the State, 
and shall have resided in the county for which he is chosen for 
one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 9. Election of officers. In the election of all officers whose 
appointment shall be conferred upon the General Assembly by the 
Constitution, the vote shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 10. Powers in relation to divorce and aliTnony. The Gen- 
eral Assembly shall have power to pass general laws regulating 
divorce and alimony, but shall not have power to grant a divorce 
or secure alimony in any individual case. 

Sec. 11. Private laws in relation to names of persons, etc. The 
General Assembly shall not have power to pass any private law 
to alter the name of any person, or to legitimate any person not 
born in lawful wedlock, or to restore to the rights of citizenship 
any person convicted of an infamous crime, but shall have power 
to pass general laws regulating the same. 

Sec. 12. Thirty days notice shall be giveri anterior to passage 
of private laws. The General Assembly shall not pass any private 
law, unless it shall be made to appear that thirty days notice of 
application to pass such a law shall have been given, under such 
direction and in such manner as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 13. Vacancies. If vacancies shall occur in the General 
Assembly by death, resignation, or otherwise, writs of election 
shall be issued by the Governor under such regulations as may be 
prescribed by law. 



46 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 14. Revenue. No law shall be passed to raise money on the 
credit of the State, or to pledge the faith of the State, directly or 
indirectly, for the payment of any debt, or to impose any tax 
upon the people of the state, or allow the counties, cities, or towns 
to do so, unless the bill for the purpose shall have been read three 
several times in each House of the General Assembly and passed 
three several readings, which readings shall have been on three 
different days, and agreed to by each House respectively, and 
unless the yeas and nays on the second and third readings of the 
bill shall have been entered on the journal. 

Sec. 15. Entails. The General Assembly shall regulate entails 
in such a manner as to prevent perpetuities. 

Sec. 16. Journals. Each House shall keep a journal of its pro- 
ceedings, which shall be printed and made public immediately 
after the adjournment of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Protest. Any member of either House may dissent 
from, and protest against, any act or resolve which he may think 
injurious to the public, or any individual, and have the reasons 
of his dissent entered on the journal. 

Sec. 18. Ojficers of the House. The House of Representatives 
shall choose their own Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 19. President of the Senate. The Lieutenant-Governor shall 
preside in the Senate, but shall have no vote unless it may be 
equally divided. 

Sec. 20. Other senatorial officers. The Senate shall choose its 
other officers and also a Speaker (pro tempore) in the absence of 
the Lieutenant-Governor, or when he shall exercise the office of 
governor. 

Sec. 21. Style of the acts. The style of the acts shall be: "The 
General Assembly of North Carolina do enact." 

Sec. 22. Powers of the General Assembly. Each House shall be 
judge of the qualifications and election of its own members, shall 
sit upon its own adjournment from day to day, prepare bills to 
be passed into laws ; and the two Houses may also jointly adjourn 
to any future day, or other place. 

Sec. 23. Bills and resolutions to be read three times, etc. All 
bills and resolutions of a legislative nature shall be read three 
times in each House before they pass into laws, and shall be 
signed by the presiding officers of both Houses. 



Constitution 47 

Sec. 24. Oath of members. Each member of the General Assem- 
bly, before taking his seat, shall take an oath or affirmation that 
he will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, 
and the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, and will 
faithfully discharge his duty as a member of the Senate or House 
of Representatives. 

Sec. 25. Terms of office. The terms of office for Senatoi's and 
members of the House of Representatives shall commence at the 
time of their election. 

Sec. 26. Yeas and 7iays. Upon motion made and seconded in 
either House by one-fifth of the membei's present, the yeas and 
nays upon any question shall be taken and entered upon the 
journals. 

Sec. 27. Election for members of the General Assembly. The 
election for members of the General Assembly shall be held for the 
respective districts and counties, at the places where they are now 
held, or may be directed hereafter to be held, in such manner as 
may be prescribed by law, on the first Thursday in August, in the 
year one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and evei-y two years 
thereafter. But the General Assembly may change the time of 
holding the elections. (Changed to Tuesday after first Monday in 
November, c. 275—1876.) 

Sec. 28. Pay of Members and Presiding Officers of the General 
Assembly. The members of the General Assembly for the term 
for which they have been elected shall receive as a compensation 
for their services the sum of fifteen dollars ($15.00) per day for 
each day of their session, fcr a period not exceeding ninety days; 
and should they remain longer in session they shall serve with- 
out compensation. The compensation of the presiding officers of 
the two houses shall be twenty dollars ($20.00) per day for a 
period not exceeding ninety days. Should an extra session of the 
General Assembly be called, the members and presiding officers 
shall receive a like rate of compensation for a period not exceed- 
ing twenty-five days. 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon power of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. The General Assembly shall not 
pass any local, private, or special act or resolution relating to the 
establishment of courts inferior to the Superior Court; relating 
to the appointment of justices of the peace; relating to health, 



48 North Carolina Manual 

sanitation, and the abatement of nuisances; changing the names 
of cities, towns, and townships; authorizing the laying out, open- 
ing, altering, maintaining, or discontinuing of highways, streets, 
or alleys; relating to ferries or bridges; relating to non-navigable 
streams; relating to cemeteries; relating to the pay of jurors; 
erecting new townships, or changing township lines, or establish- 
ing or changing the lines of school districts; remitting fines, 
penalties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into 
the public treasury; regulating labor, trade, mining, or manufac- 
turing; extending the time for the assessment or collection of 
taxes or otherwise relieving any collector of taxes from the due 
performance of his official duties or his sureties from liability; 
giving effect to informal wills and deeds; nor shall the General 
Assembly enact any such local, private, or special act by the 
partial repeal of a general law, but the General Assembly may at 
any time repeal local, private, or special laws enacted by it. Any 
local, private or special act or resolution passed in violation of 
the provisions of this section shall be void. The General Assembly 
shall have power to pass general laws regulating matters set out 
in this section. 

Sec. 30. The General Assembly shall not use nor authorize to 
be used any part of the amount of any sinking fund for any 
purpose other than the retirement of the bonds for which said 
sinking fund has been created. 

Sec. 31. The General Assembly shall not use, or authorize to 
be used, nor shall any agency of the State, public officer or public 
employee use or authorize to be used the funds, or any part of the 
funds, of the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System 
except for retirement system purposes. The funds of the Teachers' 
and State Employees' Retirement System shall not be applied, 
diverted, loaned to or used by the State, any State agency. State 
officer, public officer or employee except for purposes of the Re- 
tirement System: Provided, that nothing in this Section shall pro- 
hibit the use of said funds for the payment of benefits, administra- 
tive expenses and refunds as authorized by the Teachers' and 
State Employees' Retirement Law, nor shall anything in this pro- 
vision prohibit the proper investment of said funds as may be 
authorized by law. 



Constitution 49 

ARTICLE III 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Officers of the Executive Department; Terms of Of- 
fice. The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, in 
whom shall be vested the supreme executive power of the State; a 
Lieutenant Governor, a Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Trea- 
surer, a Superintendent of Public Instruction, an Attorney Gen- 
eral, a Commissioner of Agriculture, a Commissioner of Labor 
and a Commissioner of Insurance, who shall be elected for a term 
of four years by the qualified electors of the State, at the same 
time and places and in the same manner as members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly are elected. Their term of office shall commence 
on the first day of January next after their election, and continue 
until their successors are elected and qualified: Provided, that 
the officers first elected shall assume the duties of their office ten 
days after the approval of this Constitution by the Congi'ess of 
the United States, and shall hold their offices four years from 
and after the first day of January. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor. No 
person shall be eligible as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor unless 
he shall have attained the age of thirty years, shall have been a 
citizen of the United States five years, and shall have been a resi- 
dent of this State for two years next before the election; nor shall 
the person elected to either of these two offices be eligible to the 
same office more than four years in any term of eight years, unless 
the office shall have been cast upon him as Lieutenant-Governor 
or President of the Senate. 

Sec. 3. Returns of elections. The return of every election for of- 
ficers of the Executive Department shall be sealed up and trans- 
mitted to the seat of government by the returning officer, directed 
to the Secretary of State. The return shall be canvassed and the 
result declared in such manner as may be prescribed by law. Con- 
tested elections shall be determined by a joint ballot of both 
Houses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec. 4. Oath of office for Governor. The Governor, before enter- 
ing upon the duties of his office, shall, in the presence of the mem- 
)bers of both branches of the General Assembly, or before any Jus- 



50 North Carolina Manual 

tice of the Supreme Court, take an oath or affirmation that he will 
support the Constitution and laws of the United States, and of the 
State of North Carolina, and that he will faithfully perform the 
duties appertaining to the office of Governor, to which he has 
been elected. 

Sec. 5. Duties of Governor. The Governor shall reside at the 
seat of government of this State, and he shall, from time to time, 
give the General Assembly information of the affairs of the State, 
and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall 
deem expedient. 

Sec. 6. Reprieves, commutations, and pardons. The Governor 
shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons, 
after conviction, for all offenses (except in cases of impeachment), 
upon such conditions as he may think proper, subject to such 
regulations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of 
applying for pardons. He shall biennially communicate to the Gen- 
eral Assembly each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon 
granted, stating the name of each convict, the crime for which 
he was convicted, the sentence and its date, the date of commuta- 
tion, pardon, or reprieve, and the reasons therefor. 

Sec. 7. Annual reports from officers of Executive Department 
and of public institutions. The officers of the Executive Depart- 
ment and of the public institutions of the State shall, at least five 
days previous to each regular session of the General Assembly, 
severally report to the Governor, who shall transmit such reports, 
with his message, to the General Assembly; and the Governor 
may, at any time, require information in writing from the officers 
in the Executive Department upon any subject relating to the 
duties of their respective offices, and shall take care that the 
laws be faithfully executed. 

Sec. 8. Commander-in-Chief . The Governor shall be Commander- 
in-Chief of the militia of the State, except when they shall be 
called into the service of the United States. 

Sec. 9. Extra sessions of General Assembly. The Governor shall 
have power, on extraordinary occasions, by and with the advice of 
the Council of State, to convene the General Assembly in extra 
session by his pi-oclamation, stating therein the purpose or pur- 
poses for which they are thus convened. 

Sec. 10. Officers rvhose appointments are not otherwise provided 
for. The Governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice and 



Constitution 51 

consent of a majority of the Senators-elect, appoint all officers 
whose offices are established by this Constitution and whose ap- 
pointments are not otherwise provided for. 

Sec. 11. Duties of the Lieutenant Governor. The Lieutenant 
Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote 
unless the Senate be equally divided. He shall receive such com- 
pensation as shall be fixed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 12. In case of impeachment of Governor, or vacancy caused 
by death or resignation. In case of the impeachment of the Gov- 
ernor, his failure to qualify, his absence from the State, his in- 
ability to discharge the duties of his office, or, in case the office of 
Governor shall in any wise become vacant, the powers, duties and 
emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor until the disability shall cease or a new Governor shall be 
elected and qualified. In every case in which the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor shall be unable to preside over the Senate, the Senators 
shall elect one of their own number President of their body; and 
the powers, duties, and emoluments of the office of Governor shall 
devolve upon him whenever the Lieutenant-Governor shall, for 
any reason, be prevented from discharging the duties of such 
office as above provided, and he shall continue as acting Governor 
until the disabilities are removed, or a new Governor or Lieuten- 
ant-Governor shall be elected and qualified. Whenever, during the 
recess of the General Assembly, it shall become necessary for the 
President of the Senate to administer the government, the Secre- 
tary of State shall convene the Senate, that they may elect such 
President. i 

Sec. 13. Duties of other executive officers. The respective duties 
of the Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, Attorney General, Commissioner of Agricul- 
ture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insurance shall 
be prescribed by law. If the office of any of said officer shall be 
vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty 
of the Governor to appoint another until the disability be removed 
or his successor be elected and qualified. Every such vacancy 
shall be filled by election at the first general election that occurs 
more than thirty days after the vacancy has taken place, and the 
person chosen shall hold the office for the remainder of the unex- 
pired term fixed in the first section of this article. 



52 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 14. Council of State. The Secretary of State, Auditor, 
Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner of 
Agriculture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insur- 
ance shall constitute, ex-officio, the Council of State, who shall ad- 
vise the Governor in the execution of his office, and three of whom 
shall constitute a quorum; their advice and proceedings in this 
capacity shall be entered in a journal, to be kept for this purpose, 
exclusively, and signed by the members present, from any part of 
which any member may enter his dissent; and such journal shall 
be placed before the General Assembly when called for by either 
house. The Attorney General shall be, ex-officio, the legal adviser 
of the executive department. 

Sec. 15. Compensation of executive officers. The officers men- 
tioned in this article shall, at stated periods, receive for their 
services a compensation to be established by law, which shall 
neither be increased nor diminished during the time for which 
they shall have been elected, and the said officers shall receive no 
other emolument or allowance whatever. 

Sec. 16. Seal of State. There shall be a seal of the State, which 
shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him, as occasion may 
require, and shall be called "The Great Seal of the State of North 
Carolina." All grants and commissions shall be issued in the name 
and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 
"The Great Seal of the State," signed by the Governor, and coun- 
tersigned by the Secretary of State. 

Sec. 17. Department of Agriculture, Immigration, and Statis- 
tics. The General Assembly shall establish a Department of Agri- 
culture, Immigration, and Statistics, under such regulations as 
may best promote the agricultural interest of the State, and shall 
enact laws for the adequate protection and encouragement of 
sheep husbandry. 

Sec. 18. Department of Justice. The General Assembly is auth- 
orized and empowered to create a Department of Justice under 
the supervision and direction of the Attorney-General, and to 
enact suitable laws defining the authority of the Attorney-General 
and other officers and agencies concerning the prosecution of 
crime and the administration of the criminal laws of the State. 



Constitution 53 

ARTICLE IV 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Abolishes the distinctions between actions at law ayid 
suits in equity, and feigned issues. The distinctions between ac- 
tions at law and suits in equity, and the forms of all such "actions 
and suits, shall be abolished; and there shall be in this State but 
one form of action for the enforcement or protection of private 
rights or the redress of private wrongs, which shall be denomi- 
nated a civil action; and every action prosecuted by the people 
of the State as a party, against a person charged with a public 
offense, for the punishment of the same, shall be termed a crim- 
inal action. Feigned issues shall also be abolished, and the facts 
at issue tried by order of court before a jury. 

Sec. 2. Division of judicial powers. The judicial power of the 
State shall be vested in a Court for the Trial of Impeachments, 
a Supreme Court, Superior Courts, Courts of Justices of the Peace, 
and such other courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be 
established by law. 

Sec. 3. Trial court of impeachment. The Court for the Trial of 
Impeachments shall be the Senate. A majority of the members 
shall be necessary to a quorum, and the judgment shall not ex- 
tend beyond removal from and disqualification to hold office in this 
State; but the party shall be liable to indictment and punish- 
ment according to law. 

Sec. 4. Impeachment. The House of Representatives solely shall 
have the power of impeaching. No person shall be convicted with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators present. When 
the Governor is impeached, the Chief Justice shall preside. 

Sec. 5. Treason against the State. Treason against the State 
shall consist only in levying war against it, or adhering to its 
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the 
same overt act, or on confession in open court. No conviction of 
treason or attainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture. 

Sec. 6. Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall consist of a 
Chief Justice and four Associate Justices. The General Assembly 
may increase the number of Associate Justices to not more than 
six, when the work of the Court so requires. The Court shall have 
power to sit in divisions, when in its judgment this is necessary 



54 North Carolina Manual 

for the proper dispatch of business, and to make rules for the dis- 
tribution of business between the divisions and for the hearing 
of cases by the full Court. No decision of any division shall be- 
come the judgment of the Court unless concurred in by a majority 
of all the justices; and no case involving a construction of the 
Constitution of the State or of the United States shall be decided 
except by the Court in banc. All sessions of the Court shall be 
held in the city of Raleigh. This amendment made to the Consti- 
tution of North Carolina shall not have the effect to vacate any 
office or term of office now existing under the Constitution of the 
State, and filled or held by virtue of any election or appointment 
under the said Constitution, and the laws of the State made in 
pursuance thereof. (By c. 16, 1937, amending s. 1403 of the Con- 
solidated Statutes, the number of Associate Justices was increased 
to six.) 

Sec. 7. Terms of the Supreme Court. The terms of the Supreme 
Court shall be held in the city of Raleigh, as now, until otherwise 
provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 8. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall 
have jurisdiction to review, upon appeal, any decision of the 
courts below, upon any matter of law or legal inference. And the 
jurisdiction of said court over "issues of fact" and "questions of 
fact" shall be the same exercised by it before the adoption of the 
Constitution of one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, and 
the court shall have the power to issue any remedial writs neces- 
sary to give it a general supervision and control over the proceed- 
ings of the inferior courts. 

Sec. 9. Claims against the State. The Supreme Court shall have 
original jurisdiction to hear claims against the State, but its de- 
cisions shall be merely recommendatory; no process in the nature 
of execution shall issue thereon; they shall be reported to the 
next session of the General Assembly for its action. 

Sec. 10. Judicial Districts for Superior Courts. The General 
Assembly shall divide the State into a number of judicial districts 
which number may be increased or reduced and shall provide for 
the election of one or more Superior Court judges for each dis- 
trict. There shall be a Supei'ior Court in each county at least 
twice in each year to continue for such time in each county as 
may be prescribed by law. 



Constitution 55 

Sec. 11. Judicial Districts; Rotation; Special Superior Court 
Judges; Assignment of Superior Court Judges by Chief Justice. 
Each Judge of the Superior Court shall reside in the district for 
which he is elected. The General Assembly may divide the State 
into a number of judicial divisions. The judges shall preside in 
the courts of the different districts within a division successively; 
but no judge shall hold all the courts in the same district oftener 
than once in four years. The General Assembly may provide by 
general laws for the selection or appointment of Special or Emer- 
gency Superior Court Judges not assigned to any judicial dis- 
trict, who may be designated from time to time by the Chief Jus- 
tice to hold court in any district or districts within the State; 
and the General Assembly shall define their jurisdiction and shall 
provide for their reasonable compensation. The Chief Justice, 
when in his opinion the public interest so requires, may assign any 
Superior Court Judge to hold one or more terms of Superior Court 
in any district. 

Sec. 12. Jurisdiction of courts inferior to Supreme Court. The 
General Assembly shall have no power to deprive the Judicial De- 
partment of any power or jurisdiction which rightfully pertains 
to it as a coordinate department of the government; but the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall allot and distribute that portion of this power 
and jurisdiction which does not pertain to the Supreme Court 
among the other courts prescribed in this Constitution or which 
may be established by law, in such manner as it may deem best; 
provide also a proper system of appeals; and regulate by law, 
when necessary, the methods of proceeding in the exercise of their 
powers of all the courts below the Supreme Court, so far as the 
same may be done without conflict with other provisions of this 
Constitution. 

Sec. 13. In case of waiver of trial by jury. In all issues of fact, 
joined in any court, the parties may waive the right to have the 
same determined by a jury; in which case the finding of the judge 
upon the facts shall have the force and effect of a verdict by a 
jury. 

Sec. 14. Special courts in cities. The General Assembly shall 
provide for the establishment of special courts, for the trial of mis- 
demeanors, in cities and towns, where the same may be necessary. 



56 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 15. Clerk of the Snprevie Court. The clerk of the Supreme 
Court shall be appointed by the Court, and shall hold his office 
for eight years. 

Sec. 16. Election of Superior Court clerk. A clerk of the Su- 
perior Court for each county shall be elected by the qualified 
voters thereof, at the time and in the manner prescribed by law 
for the election of members of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Term of office. Clerks of the Superior Courts shall hold 
their offices for four years. 

Sec. 18. Fees, salaries, and emoluments. The General Assembly 
shall prescribe and regulate the fees, salaries, and emoluments of 
all officers provided for in this article; but the salaries of the 
judges shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. 19. What laivs are, and shall be, in force. The laws of 
North Carolina, not repugnant to this Constitution or the Consti- 
tution and laws of the United States, shall be in force until law- 
fully altered. 

Sec. 20. Disposition of actions at law and siiits in equity, pend- 
ing when this Constitution shall go into effect, etc. Actions at law 
and suits in equity pending when this Constitution shall go into 
effect shall be transferred to the courts having jurisdiction there- 
of, without prejudice by reason of the change; and all such actions 
and suits commenced before, and pending at the adoption by the 
General Assembly of the rules of practice and procedure herein 
provided for, shall be heard and determined according to the prac- 
tice now in use, unless otherwise provided for by said rules. 

Sec. 21. Elections, terms of office, etc., of Jtistices of the Su- 
prem,e and Judges of the Superior Courts. The Justices of the 
Supreme courts shall be elected by the qualified voters of the State, 
as is provided for the election of members of the General Assem- 
bly. They shall hold their offices for eight years. The judges 
of the Superior Courts, elected at the first election under this 
amendment, shall be elected in like manner as is provided for 
Justices of the Supreme Court, and shall hold their offices for eight 
years. The General Assembly may, from time to time, provide by 
law that the judges of the Superior Courts, chosen at succeeding 
elections, instead of being elected by the votes of the whole State, 
as is herein provided for, shall be elected by the voters of their 
respective districts. 



Constitution 57 

Sec. 22. Transactions of business in the Superior Court. The 
Superior Courts shall be, at all times, open for the transaction 
of all business within their jurisdiction, except the trial of issues 
of fact requiring a jury. 

Sec. 23. Solicitors and Solicitorial Districts. The State shall be 
divided into twenty-one solicitorial districts, for each of which a 
solicitor shall be chosen by the qualified voters thereof, as is pre- 
scribed for members of the General Assembly, who shall hold 
office for the term of four years, and prosecute on behalf of the 
State in all criminal actions in the Superior Courts, and advise the 
officers of justice in his district. But the General Assembly may 
reduce or increase the number of the solicitorial districts, which 
need not correspond to, or be the same as, the judicial districts 
of the State. 

Sec. 24. Sheriffs and Coroners. In each county a sheriff and 
coroner shall be elected by the qualified voters thereof as is pre- 
scribed for members of the General Assembly, and shall hold their 
offices for a period of four years. In each township there shall 
be a constable elected in like manner by the voters thereof, who 
shall hold his office for a period of two years. When there is no 
coroner in a county the Clerk of the Superior Court for the county 
may appoint one for special cases. In case of a vacancy existing 
for any cause in any of the offices created by this section, the 
commissioners of the county may appoint to such office for the 
unexpired term. 

Sec. 25. Vacancies. All vacancies occurring in the offices pro- 
vided for by this article of the Constitution shall be filled by the 
appointment of the Governor, unless otherwise provided for, and 
the appointees shall hold their places until the next regular elec- 
tion for members of the General Assembly, when elections shall 
be held to fill such offices. If any person, elected or appointed to 
any of said offices, shall neglect and fail to qualify, such offices 
shall be appointed to, held and filled as provided in case of vacan- 
cies occurring therein. All incumbents of said offices shall hold 
until their successors are qualified. 

Sec. 26. Terms of office of first officers. The officers elected at 
the first election held under this Constitution shall hold their of- 
fices for the terms prescribed for them, respectively, next ensuing 
after the next regular election for members of the General Assem- 



58 North Carolina Manual 

bly. But their terms shall begin upon the approval of this Consti- 
tution by the Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 27. Jurisdiction of justices of the peace. The several jus- 
tices of the peace shall have jurisdiction, under such regulations as 
the General Assembly shall prescribe, of civil actions, founded on 
contract, wherein the sum demanded shall not exceed two hundred 
dollars, and wherein the title to real estate shall not be in contro- 
versy; and all of criminal matters arising within their counties 
where the punishment cannot exceed a fine of fifty dollars or im- 
prisonment for thirty days. And the General Assembly may give 
to the justices of the peace jui'isdiction of other civil actions where- 
in the value of the property in controversy does not exceed fifty 
dollars. When an issue of fact shall be joined before a justice, on 
demand of either party thereto, he shall cause a jury of six men 
to be summoned, who shall try the same. The party against whom 
the judgment shall be rendered in any civil action may appeal 
to the Superior Court from the same. In all cases of a criminal 
nature the party against whom the judgment is given may appeal 
to the Superior Court, where the matter shall be heard anew. In 
all cases brought before a justice, he shall make a record of the 
proceedings, and file the same with the clerk of the Superior Court 
for his county. 

Sec. 28. Vacancies in office of justices. When the office of justice 
of the peace shall become vacant otherwise than by expiration of 
the term, and in case of a failure by the voters of any district 
to elect, the clerk of the Superior Court for the county shall ap- 
point to fill the vacancy for the unexpired term. 

Sec. 29. Vacancies in office of Superior Court clerk. In case the 
office of clerk of a Superior Court for a county shall become vacant 
otherwise than by the expiration of the term, and in case of a 
failure by the people to elect, the judge of the Superior Court for 
county shall appoint to fill the vacancy until an election can be 
regularly held. 

Sec. 30. Officers of other courts inferior to Supreme Court. In 
case the General Assembly shall establish other courts inferior to 
the Supreme Court, the presiding officers and clerks thereof shall 
be elected in such manner as the General Assembly may from time 
to time prescribe, and they shall hold their offices for a term not 
exceeding eight years. 



Constitution 59 

Sec. 31. Removal of judges of the various courts for inability. 
Any judge of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, and 
the presiding officers of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court 
as may be established by law, may be removed from office for 
mental or physical inability, upon a concurrent resolution of two- 
thirds of both Houses of the General Assembly. The judge or pre- 
siding officer against whom the General Assembly may be about 
to proceed shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy 
of the causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before 
the day on which either House of the General Assembly shall act 
thereon. 

Sec. 32. Removal of clerks of the various courts for inahility. 
Any clerk of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, or of 
such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be established 
by law, may be removed from office for mental or physical in- 
ability; the clerk of the Supreme Court by the judges of said 
court, the clerk of the Superior Courts by the judge riding the 
district, and the clerks of such courts inferior to the Supreme 
Court as may be established by law by the presiding officers of 
said courts. The clerk against whom proceedings are instituted 
shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the causes 
alleged for his removal, at least ten days before the day appointed 
to act thereon, and the clerk shall be entitled to an appeal to the 
next term of the Superior Court, and thence to the Supreme Court, 
as provided in other cases of appeals. 

Sec. 33. Amendments not to vacate existing offices. The amend- 
ments made to the Constitution of North Carolina by this Conven- 
tion shall not have the effect to vacate any office or term of office 
now existing under the Constitution of the State, and filled, or 
held by virtue of any election or appointment under the said Con- 
stitution and the laws of the State made in pursuance thereof. 

ARTICLE V 

REVENUE AND TAXATION 

Section 1. Capitation tax; exemptions. The General Assembly 
may levy a capitation tax on every male inhabitant of the State 
over twenty-one and under fifty years of age, which said tax shall 
not exceed two dollars, and cities and towns may levy a capitation 



60 North Carolina Manual 

tax which shall not exceed one dollar. No other capitation tax 
shall be levied. The commissioners of the several counties and of 
the cities and towns may exempt from the capitation tax any 
special cases on account of poverty or infirmity. 

Sec. 2. Application of proceeds of State and county capitation 
fax. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall be 
applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor 
but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent thereof 
be appropriated to the latter purpose. 

Sec. 3. State taxation. The power of taxation shall be exercised 
in a just and equitable manner, and shall never be surrendered, 
suspended, or contracted away. Taxes on property shall be uni- 
form as to each class of property taxed. Taxes shall be levied 
only for public purposes, and every act levying a tax shall state 
the object to which it is to be applied. The General Assembly may 
also tax trades, professions, franchises, and incomes: Provided, 
the rate of tax on income shall not in any case exceed ten per 
cent (10%), and there shall be allowed the following exemptions, 
to be deducted from the amount of annual incomes, to-wit: for 
married man with a wife living with him, or to a widow or 
widower having minor child or children, natural or adopted, not 
less than $2,000; to all other persons not less than $1,000, and 
there may be allowed other deductions (not including living ex- 
penses) so that only net incomes are taxed. 

Sec. 4. Limitations upon the increase of public debts. The Gen- 
eral Assembly shall have the power to contract debts and to pledge 
the faith and credit of the State and to authorize counties and 
municipalities to contract debts and pledge their faith and credit, 
for the following purposes: To fund or refund a valid existing 
debt; to borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes due and 
payable within the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding fifty 
per centum of such taxes; to supply a casual deficit; to suppress 
riots or insurrections, or to repel invasions. For any purpose 
other than these enumerated, the General Assembly shall have 
no power, during any biennium, to contract new debts on behalf 
of the State to an amount in excess of two-thirds of the amount 
by which the State's outstanding indebtedness shall have been re- 
duced during the next preceding biennium, unless the subject be 
submitted to a vote of the people of the State; and for any purpose 



Constitution 61 

other than these enumerated the General Assembly shall have no 
power to authorize counties or municipalities to contract debts, 
and counties and municipalities shall not contract debts, during 
any fiscal year, to an amount exceeding two-thirds of the amount 
by which the outstanding indebtedness of the particular county 
or municipality shall have been reduced during the next preceding 
fiscal year, unless the subject be submitted to a vote of the people 
of the particular county or municipality. In any election held in 
the State or in any county or municipality under the provisions 
of this section, the proposed indebtedness must be approved by a 
majority of those who shall vote thereon. And the General Assem- 
bly shall have no power to give or lend the credit of the State in 
aid of any person, association, or corporation, except to aid in 
the completion of such railroads as may be unfinished at the time 
of the adoption of this Constitution, or in which the State has 
a direct pecuniary interest, unless the subject be submitted to a 
direct vote of the people of the State, and be approved by a ma- 
jority of those who shall vote thereon. 

Sec. 5. Property exempt from taxation. Property belonging to 
the State, or to municipal corporations, shall be exempt from tax- 
ation. The General Assembly may exempt cemeteries and property 
held for educational, scientific, literary, charitable, or religious 
purposes; also wearing apparel, arms for muster, household and 
kitchen furniture, the mechanical and agricultural implements of 
mechanics and farmers; libraries and scientific instruments, or 
any other personal property, to a value not exceeding three hun- 
dred dollars. The General Assembly may exempt from taxation 
not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) in value of prop- 
erty held and used as the place of residence of the owner. 

Sec. 6. Taxes levied for counties. The total of the State and 
county tax on property shall not exceed fifteen cents on the one 
hundred dollars value of property, except when the county prop- 
erty tax is levied for a special purpose and with the special ap- 
proval of the General Assembly, which may be done by special or 
general act: Provided, this limitation shall not apply to taxes 
levied for the maintenance of the public schools of the State for 
the term required by article nine, section three, of the Constitu- 
tion: Provided, further, the State tax shall not exceed five cents 
on the one hundred dollars value of property. 



62 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 7. Acts levying taxes shall state objects, etc. Every act of 
the General Assembly levying a tax shall state the special object 
to which it is to be applied, and it shall be applied to no other 
purpose. 

ARTICLE VI 

SUFFRAGE AND ELIGIBILITY TO OFFICE 

Section 1. Who may vote. Every person born in the United 
States, and every person who has been naturalized, twenty-one 
years of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in this 
article, shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of 
the State, except as herein otherwise provided. (The 19th amend- 
ment to the United States Constitution, ratified August 6, 1920, 
provided that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote 
shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
state on account of sex." North Carolina accordingly by c. 18, 
• Extra Session 1920, provided for the registration and voting of 
women.) 

Sec. 2. Qi(alificatio)is of voters. He shall reside in the State of 
North Carolina for one year, and in the precinct, ward, or other 
election district in which he offers to vote four months next pre- 
ceding the election: Provided, that removal from one precinct, 
ward, or other election district to another in the same county 
shall not operate to deprive any person of the right to vote in the 
precinct, ward, or other election district from which he has re- 
moved until four months after such removal. No person who has 
been convicted, or who has confessed his guilt in open court upon 
indictment, of any crime the punishment of which now is, or may 
hereafter be, imprisonment in the State's Prison, shall be per- 
mitted to vote, unless the said person shall be first restored to 
citizenship in the manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. Voters to be registered. Every person offering to vote 
shall be at the time a legally registered voter as herein prescribed 
and in the manner hereafter provided by law, and the General 
Assembly of North Carolina shall enact general registration laws 
to carry into effect the provisions of this article. 

Sec. 4. Qualificatio7i for registration. Every person presenting 
himself for registration shall be able to read and write any section 



Constitution 63 

of the Constitution in the English language. But no male person 
who was, on January 1, 1867, or at any time prior thereto, en- 
titled to vote under the laws of any State in the United States 
wherein he then resided, and no lienal descendant of any such 
person, shall be denied the right to register and vote at any elec- 
tion in this State by reason of his failure to possess the educa- 
tional qualifications herein prescribed: Provided, he shall have 
registered in accordance with the terms of this section prior to 
December 1, 1908. The General Assembly shall provide for the 
registration of all persons entitled to vote without the educational 
qualifications herein prescribed, and shall, on or before November 
1, 1908, provide for the making of a permanent record of such 
registration; and all persons so registei-ed shall forever thereafter 
have the right to vote in all elections by the people in this State, 
unless disqualified under section 2 of this article. 

Sec. 5. Indivisible plan; legislative intent. That this amend- 
ment to the Constitution is presented and adopted as one indi- 
visible plan for the regulation of the suffrage, with the intent and 
purpose to so connect the different parts, and to make them so 
dependent upon each other, that the whole shall stand or fall 
together. 

Sec. 6. Elections by people and General Assembly. All elections 
by the people shall be by ballot, and all elections by the General 
Assembly shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 7. Eligibility to office; official oath. Every voter in North 
Carolina, except as in this article disqualified, shall be eligible to 
office, but before entering upon the duties of the office he shall 
take and subscribe the following oath: 

"I, , do solemnly swear or (affirm) that I will 

support and maintain the Constitution and laws of the United 
States, and the Constitution and laws of North Carolina not in- 
consistent therewith, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties 
of my office as So help me, God." 

Sec. 8. Disqualification for office. The following classes of per- 
sons shall be disqualified for office: First, all persons who shall 
deny the being of Almighty God. Second, all persons who shall 
have been convicted or confessed their guilt on indictment pend- 
ing, and whether sentenced or not, or under judgment suspended, 
of any treason or felony, or of any other crime for which the 



64 North Carolina Manual 

punishment may be imprisonment in the penitentiary, since be- 
coming citizens of the United States, or of corruption or malprac- 
tice in office, unless such person shall be restored to the rights of 
citizenship in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. When this chapter operative. That this amendment to 
the Constitution shall go into effect on the first day of July, nine- 
teen hundred and two, if a majority of votes cast at the next gen- 
eral election shall be cast in favor of this suffrage amendment. 

ARTICLE VII 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS 

Section 1. County officers. In each county there shall be elected 
biennially by the qualified voters thereof, as provided for the elec- 
tion of members of the General Assembly, the following officers: 
A treasurer, register of deeds, surveyor, and five commissioners. 
(Under authority of the Public Laws of 1935, c. 362, s. 13, pro- 
vision was made for the quadrennial election of registers of deeds, 
certain counties being exempted.) 

Sec. 2. Duty of county commissioners. It shall be the duty of 
the commissioners to exercise a general supervision and control of 
the penal and charitable institutions, schools, roads, bridges, levy- 
ing of taxes, and finances of the county, as may be prescribed by 
law. The register of deeds shall be ex officio clerk of the board of 
commissioners. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. It shall be the duty 
of the commissioners first elected in each county to divide the 
same into convenient districts, to determine the boundaries and 
prescribe the name of the said districts, and to report the same 
to the General Assembly before the first day of January, 1869. 

Sec. 4. Townships have corporate powers. Upon the approval of 
the reports provided for in the foregoing section, by the General 
Assembly, the said districts shall have corporate powers for the 
necessary purposes of local government, and shall be known as 
townships. 

Sec. 5. Officers of townships. In each township there shall be 
biennially elected, by the qualified voters thereof, a clerk and two 
justices of the peace, who shall constitute a board of trustees, 
and shall, under the supervision of the county commissioners, have 



Constitution 65 

control of the taxes and finances, roads and bridges oi the town- 
ships, as may be prescribed by law. The General Assembly may 
provide for the election of a larger number of justices of the peace 
in cities and towns, and in those townships in which cities and 
towns are situated. In every township there shall also be bien- 
nially elected a school committee, consisting of three persons, 
whose duties shall be prescribed by law. (Amended by c. 141, 
1877.) 

Sec. 6. Trustees shQ.ll assess property. The township board of 
trustees shall assess the taxable property of their townships and 
make returns to the county commissioners for revision, as may be 
prescribed by law. The clerk shall be, ex officio, treasurer of the 
township. 

Sec. 7. No debt or loan except by a majority of voters. No 
county, city, town, or other municipal corporation shall contract 
any debt, pledge its faith or loan its credit, nor shall any tax 
be levied or collected by any officers of the same except for the 
necessary expenses thereof, unless approved by a majority of 
those who shall vote thereon in any election held for such purpose. 

Sec. 8. No money drawn except by law. No money shall be 
drawn from any county or township treasury except by authority 
of law. 

Sec. 9. When officers enter on duty. The county officers first 
elected under the provisions of this article shall enter upon their 
duties ten days after the approval of this Constitution by the 
Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 10. Governor to appoint justices. The Governor shall ap- 
point a sufficient number of justices of the peace in each county, 
who shall hold their places until sections four, five, and six of this 
article shall have been carried into effect. 

Sec. 11. Charters to remain in force until legally changed. All 
charters, ordinances, and provisions relating to municipal corpora- 
tions shall remain in force until legally changed, unless incon- 
sistent with the provisions of this Constitution. 

Sec. 12. Debts in aid of the rebellion not to be paid. No county, 
city, town, or other municipal corporation shall assume or pay, 
nor shall any tax be levied or collected for the payment of any 
debt, or the interest upon any debt, contracted directly or in- 
directly in aid of or support of the rebellion. 



66 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 13. Poivcrs of General Assembly over municipal corpora- 
tions. The General Assembly shall have full power by statute to 
modify, change, or abrogate any and all of the provisions of this 
article, and substitute others in their place, except sections seven, 
nine and thirteen. Recent amendment repealed old section 9 and 
renumbered section 10-14.) (Under the general authority of this 
section several statutory amendments have been made. See notes 
supra, ss. 1 and 5.) 

ARTICLE VIII 

CORPORATIONS OTHER THAN MUNICIPAL 

Section 1. Corporations under general laws. No corporation 
shall be created, nor shall its charter be extended, altered, or 
amended by special act, except corporations for charitable, educa- 
tional, penal, or reformatory purposes that are to be and remain 
under the patronage and control of the State; but the General 
Assembly shall provide by general laws for the chartering and 
organization of all corporations, and for amending, extending, and 
forfeiture of all charters, except those above permitted by special 
act. All such general laws and special acts may be altered from 
time to time or repealed; and the General Assembly may at any 
time by special act repeal the charter of any corporation. 

Sec. 2. Debts of corporations, how secured. Dues from corpora- 
tions shall be secured by such individual liabilities of the corpora- 
tions, and other means, as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. What corporations shall include. The term "Corpora- 
tion" as used in this article shall be construed to include all 
associations and joint-stock companies having any of the powers 
and privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or 
partnerships. And all corporations shall have the right to sue, and 
shall be subject to be sued, in all courts in like cases as natural 
persons. 

Sec. 4. Legislature to provide for organizing cities, toivns, etc. 
It shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide by general laws 
for the organization of cities, towns, and incorporated villages, 
and to restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing 
money, contracting debts, and loaning their credit, so as to px-event 
abuses in assessment and in contracting debts by such municipal 
corporations. 



Constitution 67 

ARTICLE IX 

EDUCATION 

Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. Religion, morality, 
and knowledge being necessary to good government and the hap- 
piness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall for- 
ever be encouraged. 

Sec. 2. General Assembly shall provide for schools; separation 
of the rases. The General Assembly, at its first session under this 
Constitution, shall provide by taxation and otherwise for a general 
and uniform system of public schools, wherein tuition shall be 
free of charge to all the children of the State between the ages 
of six and twenty-one years. And the children of the white race 
and the children of the colored race shall be taught in separate 
public schools; but there shall be no discrimination in favor of, 
or to the prejudice of, either race. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. Each county of the 
State shall be divided into a convenient number of districts, in 
which one or more public schools shall be maintained at least six 
months in every year; and if the commissioners of any county 
shall fail to comply with the aforesaid requirements of this sec- 
tion, they shall be liable to indictment. 

Sec. 4. What property devoted to educational purposes. The 
proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted 
by the United States to this State, and not otherwise appropriated 
by this State or the United States; also all money, stocks, bonds, 
and other property now belonging to any State fund for purposes 
of education, also the net proceeds of all sales of the swamp lands 
belonging to the State, and all other grants, gifts, or devices that 
have been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not other- 
wise appropriated by the State or by the terms of the grant, gift, 
or devise, shall be paid into the State Treasury, and, together 
with so much of the ordinary revenue of the State as may be by 
law set apart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated 
for establishing and maintaining in this State a system of free 
public schools, and for no other uses or purposes whatsoever. 

Sec. 5. County school fund; proviso. All moneys, stocks, bonds, 
and other property belonging to a county school fund; also the 
net proceeds from the sale of estrays; also the clear proceeds of 



68 North Carolina Manual 

all penalties and forfeitures and of all fines collected in the several 
counties for any breach of the penal or military laws of the State; 
and all money which shall be paid by persons as an equivalent 
for exemption from military duty, shall belons: to and remain in 
the several counties, and shall be faithfully appropriated for 
establishin.e: and maintaining free public schools in the several 
counties of this State: Provided, that the amount collected in each 
county shall be annually reported to the Superintendent of Public 
instruction. 

Sec. 6. Election of trustees, and provisions for maintenance of 
the University. The General Assembly shall have power to provide 
for the election of trustees of the University of North Carolina, 
in whom, when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, rights, 
franchises, and endowments thereof in any wise granted to or 
conferred upon the trustees of said University; and the General 
Assembly may make such provisions, laws, and regulations from 
time to time as may be necessary and expedient for the mainten- 
ance and management of said University. 

Sec. 7. Benefits of the University. The General Assembly shall 
provide that the benefits of the University, as far as practicable, 
be extended to the youth of the State free of expense for tuition; 
also, that all the property which has heretofore accrued to the 
State, or shall hereafter accrue, from escheats, unclaimed divi- 
dends, or distributive shares of the estates of deceased persons, 
shall be appropriated to the use of the University. 

Sec. 8. State Board of Ediicatio7i. The general supervision and 
administration of the free public school system, and of the educa- 
tional funds provided for the support thereof, except those men- 
tioned in Section five of this Article, shall, from and after the 
first day of April, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five, be 
vested in the State Board of Education to consist of the Lieuten- 
ant Governor, State Treasurer, the Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, and ten members to be appointed by the Governor, sub- 
ject to confirmation by the General Assembly in joint session. The 
General Assembly shall divide the State into eight educational 
districts, which may be altered from time to time by the General 
Assembly. Of the appointive members of the State Board of Edu- 
cation one shall be appointed from each of the eight educational 
districts, and two shall be appointed as members at large. The 



Constitution 69 

first appointments under this section shall be: Two Members ap- 
pointed from educational districts for terms of two years; two 
members appointed from educational districts for terms of four 
years; two members appointed from educational districts for terms 
of six years; and two members appointed from educational dis- 
tricts for terms of eight years. One member at large shall be 
appointed for a period of four years and one member at large 
shall be appointed for a period of eight years. All subsequent 
appointments shall be for terms of eight years. Any appointments 
to fill vacancies shall be made by the Governor for the unexpired 
term, which appointments shall not be subject to confirmation. 
The State Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be the admin- 
istrative head of the public school system and shall be secretary 
of the board. The board shall elect a chairman and vice chair- 
man. A majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the 
transaction of business. The per diem and expenses of the appoin- 
tive members shall be provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 9. Powers and Duties of the Board. The State Board of 
Education shall succeed to all the powers and trusts of the Presi- 
dent and Directors of the Literary Fund of North Carolina and 
the State Board of Education as heretofore constituted. The State 
Board of Education shall have power to divide the State into a 
convenient number of school districts ; to regulate the grade, salary 
and qualifications of teachers; to provide for the selection and 
adoption of the textbooks to be used in the public schools; to 
apportion and equalize the public school funds over the State; and 
generally to supervise and administer the free public school system 
of the State and make all needful rules and regulations in rela- 
tion thereto. All the powers enumerated in this section shall be 
exercised in conformity with this constitution and subject to such 
laws as may be enacted from time to time by the General 
Assembly. 

Sec. 10. Agricultural department. As soon as practicable after 
the adoption of this Constitution the General Assembly shall estab- 
lish and maintain, in connection with the University, a depart- 
ment of agriculture, of mechanics, of mining, and of normal in- 
struction. 

Sec. 11. Children must attend school. The General Assembly is 
hereby empowered to enact that every child of sufficient mental 



70 North Carolina Manual 

and physical ability shall attend the public schools during the 
period between the ages of six and eighteen years, for a term of 
not less than sixteen months, unless educated by other means. 

ARTICLE X 

HOMESTEADS AND EXEMPTIONS 

Section 1. Exemptions of personal property. The personal pi'op- 
erty of any resident of this State, to the value of five hundred 
dollars, to be selected by such resident, shall be and is hereby 
exempted from sale under execution or other final process of any 
court issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Hoynestead. Every homestead, and the dwellings and 
buildings used therewith, not exceeding in value one thousand 
dollars, to be selected by the owner thereof, or in lieu thereof, at 
the option of the owner, any lot in a city, town, or village with 
the dwellings and buildings used thereon, owned and occupied by 
any resident of this State, and not exceeding the value of one 
thousand dollars, shall be exempt from sale under execution or 
other final process obtained on any debt. But no property shall 
be exempt from sale for taxes or for payment of obligations con- 
tracted for the purchase of said premises. 

Sec. 3. Homestead exemption from debt. The homestead, after 
the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment 
of any debt during the minority of his children, or any of them. 

Sec. 4. Laborer's lien. The provisions of sections one and two 
of this article shall not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's 
lien for work done and performed for the person claiming such 
exemption, or a mechanic's lien for work done on the premises. 

Sec. 5. Benefit of widoiv. If the owner of a homestead die, leav- 
ing a widow but no children, the same shall be exempt from the 
debts of her husband, and the rents and profits thereof shall inure 
to her benefit during her widowhood, unless she be the owner of 
a homestead in her own right. 

Sec. 6. Property of married women secured to them. The real 
and personal property of any female in this State acquired be- 
fore marriage, and all property, real and personal, to which she 
may, after marriage, become in any manner entitled, shall be and 
remain the sole and seperate estate and property of such female, 



Constitution 71 

and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations, or engagements 
of her husband, and may be devised, and bequeathed, and, with 
the written assent of her husband, conveyed by her as if she were 
unmarried. 

Sec. 7. Husband may insure his life for the benefit of wife and 
children. The husband may insui-e his own life for the sole use 
and benefit of his wife and children, and in case of the death of 
the husband the amount thus insured shall be paid over to the 
wife and children, or to the guardian, if under age, for her or 
their own use, free from all the claims of the representatives of 
her husband, or any of his creditors. And the policy shall not be 
subject to claims of creditors of the insured during the life of the 
insured, if the insurance issued is for the sole use and benefit of 
the wife and /or children. 

Sec. 8. Hoiv deed for homestead may be made. Nothing con- 
tained in the foregoing sections of this Article shall operate to 
prevent the owner of a homestead from disposing of the same by 
deed ; but no deed made by the owner of a homestead shall be 
valid without the signature and acknowledgment of his wife. 

ARTICLE XI 

PUNISHMENT, PENAL INSTITUTIONS, AND PUBLIC CHARITIES 

Section 1. Punishments; convict labor; proviso. The following 
punishments only shall be known to the laws of this State, viz. : 
death, imprisonment with or without hard labor, fines, removal 
from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of 
honor, trust, or profit under this State. The foregoing provisions 
for imprisonment with hard labor shall be construed to authorize 
the employment of such convict labor on public works or highways, 
or other labor for public benefit, and the farming out thereof, 
where and in such manner as may be provided by law; but no 
convict shall be farmed out who has been sentenced on a charge 
of murder, manslaughter, rape, attempt to commit rape, or arson ; 
Provided, that no convict whose labor may be farmed out shall 
be punished for any failure of duty as a laborer, except by a 
responsible officer of the State; but the convicts so farmed out 
shall be at all times under the supervision and control, as to their 
government and discipline, of the penitentiary board or some of- 
ficer of this State. 



72 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 2. Death pntiishv}(')}t. The object of punishments beinj; not 
only to satisfy justice, but also to reform the offender, and thus 
prevent crime, mui'der, arson, burg-lary, and rape, and these only, 
may be i)unishable with death, if the General Assembly shall so 
enact. 

Sec. 3. Pcnitvni'utiij. The General Assembly shall, at its first 
meeting, make provision for the erection and conduct of a State's 
Prison or penitentiary at some central and accessible point with- 
in the State. 

Sec. 4. Houses of correction. The General Assembly may pro- 
vide for the erection of houses of correction, where vagrants and 
persons guilty of misdemeanors shall be restrained and usefully 
employed. 

Sec. 5. Houses of refuge. A house or houses of refuge may be 
established whenever the public interest may require it, for the 
correction and instruction of other classes of offenders. 

Sec. 6. The sexes to be separated. It shall be required, by com- 
petent legislation, that the structure and superintendence of penal 
institutions of the State, the county jails, and city police prisons 
secure the health and comfort of the prisoners, and that male and 
female prisoners be never confined in the same room or cell. 

Sec. 7. Provision for the poor and oj-phans. Beneficient provi- 
sions for the poor, the unfortunate, and orphan being one of the 
first duties of a civilized and Christian State, the General Assem- 
bly shall, at its first session, appoint and define the duties of a 
Board of Public Charities, to whom shall be entrusted the super- 
vision of all charitable and penal State institutions, and who shall 
annually report to the Governor upon their condition, with sug- 
gestions for their improvement. 

Sec. 8. Orphan houses. There shall also, as soon as practicable, 
be measures devised by the State for the establishment of one or 
more orphan houses, where destitute orphans may be cared for, 
educated, and taught some business or trade. 

Sec. 9. Inebriates and idiots. It shall be the duty of the Legisla- 
ture, as soon as practicable, to devise means for the education of 
idiots and inebriates. 

Sec. 10. Deaf mutes, blind, and insane. The General Assembly 
may provide that the indigent deaf-mute, blind, and insane of the 
State shall be cared for at the charge of the State. 



Constitution 73 

Sec. 11. Self-supporting. It shall be steadily kept in view by 
the Legislature and the Board of Public Charities that all penal 
and charitable institutions should be made as nearly self-support- 
ing as is consistent with the purposes of their creation. 

ARTICLE XII 

MILITIA 

Section 1. Who are liable to militia duty. All able-bodied male 
citizens of the State of North Carolina, between the ages of 
twenty-one and forty years, who are citizens of the United States, 
shall be liable to duty in the militia: Provided, that all persons 
who may be averse to bearing arms, from religious scruples, shall 
be exempt therefrom. 

Sec. 2. Organizing etc. The General Assembly shall provide for 
the organizing, arming, equipping, and discipline of the militia, 
and for paying the same, when called into active service. 

Sec. 3. Governor, commander-in-chief. The Governor shall be 
commander-in-chief, and shall have power to call out the militia 
to execute the law, suppress riots or insurrections, and to repel 
invasion. 

Sec. 4. Exemptions. The General Assembly shall have power to 
make such exemptions as may be deemed necessary, and to enact 
laws that may be expedient for the government of the militia. 

ARTICLE XIII 

AMENDMENTS 

Section 1. Convention, how called. No convention of the people 
of this State shall ever be called by the General Assembly, unless 
by the concurrence of two-thirds of all of the members of each 
House of the General Assembly, and except the proposition. Con- 
vention or NO Convention, be first submitted to the qualified voters 
of the whole State, at the next general election, in a manner to 
be prescribed by law. And should a majority of the votes cast 
be in favor of said convention, it shall assemble on such day as 
may be prescribed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 2. Hotv the Constitution may be altered. No part of the 
Constitution of this State shall be altered unless a bill to alter 



74 North Carolina Manual 

the same shall have been agreed to by three-fifths of each House 
of the General Assembly. And the amendment or amendments so 
ag-reed to shall be submitted at the next general election to the 
qualified voters of the whole State, in such manner as may be 
prescribed by law. And in the event of their adoption by a ma- 
jority of the votes cast, such amendment or amendments shall be- 
come a part of the Constitution of this State. 

ARTICLE XIV 

miscellaneous 

Section 1. Indictments. All indictments which shall have been 
found, or may hereafter be found, for any crime or offense com- 
mitted before this Constitution takes effect, may be proceeded 
upon in the proper courts, but no punishment shall be inflicted 
which is forbidden by this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. No person who shall hereafter 
fight a duel, or assist in the same as a second, or send, accept, or 
knowingly carry a challenge therefor, or agree to go out of the 
State to fight a duel, shall hold any ofRce in this State. 

Sec. 3. Drawing money. No money shall be drawn from the 
Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and 
an accurate account of the receipts and expenditures of the public 
money shall be annually published. 

Sec. 4. Mechanic's lien. The General Assembly shall provide, by 
proper legislation, for giving to mechanics and laborers an ade- 
quate lien on the subject-matter of their labor. 

Sec. 5. Governor to make appointments. In the absence of any 
contrary provision, all officers of this State, whether heretofore 
ejected or appointed by the Governor, shall hold their positions 
only until other appointments are made by the Governor, or, if 
the officers are elective, until their successors shall have been 
chosen and duly qualified according to the provisions of this Con- 
stitution. 

Sec. 6. Seat of the government. The seat of government in this 
State shall remain at the city of Raleigh. 

Sec. 7. Holding office. No person who shall hold any office or 
place of trust or profit under the United States, or any depart- 
ment thereof, or under this State, or under any other state or 



Constitution 75 

government, shall hold or exercise any other office or place of 
trust or profit under the authority of this State, or be eligible to 
a seat in either House of the General Assembly: Provided, that 
nothing herein contained shall extend to officers in the militia, 
notaries public, justices of the peace, commissioners of public 
charities, or commissioners for special purposes. 

Sec. 8. Intermarriage of whites and Negroes prohibited. All 
marriages between a white person and a Negro, or between a 
white person and a person of Negro descent to the third genera- 
tion, inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited. 



THE AMERICAN'S CREED 

I believe in the United States of America, as a government of 
the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are 
derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a re- 
public; a sovereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect 
union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of 
freedom, equality, justice and humanity for which American 
patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it 
is my duty to my country to love it, to support its constitution, 
to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all 
enemies. 

(The American's Creed by William Tyler Page was adopted 
by an act of Congress, April 6, 1918.) 



THE AMERICAN FLAG, ITS ORIGIN 

In 1775, the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse carried a stand- 
ard with thirteen alternate blue and silver stripes in the upper 
left-hand corner. At Cambridge on January 2, 1776, Washington 
without authorization of the Continental Congress, raised a flag 
consisting of thirteen alternate white and red stripes with the 
crosses of St. George and St. Andrew in a blue field in the upper 
left-hand corner. It was called the "Union Flag," "Grand Union 
Flag," and the "Continental Flag," and was employed until dis- 
placed by the Stars and Stripes adopted by the Continental Con- 
gi-ess. 

The beautiful tradition that Betsy Ross, as early as June 1776, 
made a Stars and Stripes flag from a pencil sketch supplied by 
Washington but changed the points of the stars from six to five, 
has become a classic. Historians doubt its accuracy. Half a dozen 
localities claim to have been the place where the Stars and Stripes 
was first used. Within New York State such contention has been 
for Fort Ann on July 8, Fort Stanwix on August 3, Bennington 
on August 13, and Saratoga on September 19, 1777. The flag with 
thirteen stripes and thirteen stars, authorized on June 14, 1777, 
continued to be used as the national emblem until Congress 
passed the following act, which President Washington signed: 

77 



78 North Carolina Manual 

"That from and after May 1, 1795, the flag of the United 
States be fifteen stripes, alternate red and white; and that 
the union be fu'teen stars, white in a blue field." 

This action was necessitated by the admission of the States of 
Vermont and Kentucky to the Union. 

The flag of 1795 had the stars arranged in three rows of five 
each instead of in a circle, and served for 23 years. 

With the admission of more new states, however, it became 
apparent that the 1795 flag would have to be further modified; 
hence in 1818 a law was passed by Congress providing: 

"That from and after the fourth day of July next, the flag 
of the United States be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate 
red and white; that the union have twenty stars, white in a 
blue field. 

"That on the admission of every new state into the Union, 
one star be added to the union of the flag; and that such 
addition shall take effect on the Fourth of July next succeed- 
ing such admission." 

Since 1818 additional stars have been added until today there 
are 48 on the flag. No law has been passed to designate how the 
stars shall be arranged. At one time they formed a design of a 
larger star. Now by common practice they form six rows of eight 
stars each. 

Betsy Ross, it is now said, lived at 233 Arch Street, Philadel- 
phia, and not at 239. She made flags, but says Theodore D. Gott- 
lieb, she never made the first Stars and Stripes. He adds: "The 
Department of State, the War and Navy departments, the His- 
torical Sites Commission of Philadelphia and other official bodies 
repudiate the legend. The book and pamphlet material available 
is ovei'whelmingly against the legend. 

"The story arose for the first time on Max'ch 14, 1870, when 
William J. Canby read a paper before the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society in which he states that in 1836, when his grandmother, 
Betsy Ross, was 84 years old and he was 11, she told him the 
story. He apparently thought little of it because nothing was done 
until 1857, when at the suggestion of his Aunt Clarissa, oldest 
daughter of Betsy, he wrote out the notes as he remembered the 
conversation. * 



The American Flag 79 

"Nothing further was done until 1870 when he wrote his paper. 
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania thought so little of the 
paper it neither catalogued nor kept a copy of it. Even George 
Canby, younger brother of William, disputed several points in the 
paper. 

"The legend grew to strength from 1888 to 1893 when pro- 
moters secured an option on the so-called Flag House. 

"Modern historical researchers are giving much thought to 
Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey as the possible designer and 
the Fillmore or Bennington flag as the first flag." 

The Proper Display of the American Flag 

Sec. 2. (a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only 
from sunrise to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs 
in the open. However, the flag may be displayed at night upon 
special occasions when it is desired to produce a patriotic effect. 

(b) The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoni- 
ously. 

(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather 
is inclement. 

(d) The flag should be displayed on all days when the weather 
permits, especially on New Year's Day, January 1; Inauguration 
Day, January 20; Lincoln's Birthday, February 12; Washington's 
Birthday, February 22; Army Day, April 6; Easter Sunday (va- 
riable) ; Mother's Day, second Sunday in May; Memorial Day 
(half staff until noon). May 30; Flag Day, June 14; Independence 
Day, July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Constitution 
Day, September 17; Columbus Day, October 12; Navy Day, Octo- 
ber 27; Armistice Day, November 11; Thanksgiving Day, fourth 
Thursday in November ; Christmas Day, December 25 ; such other 
days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States; 
the birthdays of States (dates of admission) ; and on State holi- 
days. 

(e) The flag should be displayed daily, weather permitting, on 
or near the main administration building of every public institu- 
tion. 

(f) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place 
on election days. 



80 North Carolina Manual 

(jr) The flag- should be displayed during school days in or near 
every schoolhouse. 

Sec. 3. That the flag, when carried in a procession with another 
flag or flags, should be either on the marching right; that is, the 
flag's own right, or, if there is a line of other flags, in front of 
the center of that line. 

(a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade 
except from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i). 

(b) The flag should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, or 
back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag 
is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to the 
chassis or clamped to the radiator cap. 

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on 
the same level, to the right of the flag of the United States of 
America, except during church services conducted by naval chap- 
lains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above the 
flag during church services for the personnel of the Navy. 

(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is dis- 
played with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should 
be on the right, the flag's own right, and its staff should be in 
front of the staff of the other flag. 

(e) The flag of the United States of America should be at the 
center and at the highest point of the group when a number of 
flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped 
and displayed from staffs. 

(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of 
societies are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United 
States, the latter should always be at the peak. When the flags 
are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should 
be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag or pennant may 
be placed above the flag of the United States or to the right of 
the flag of the United States. 

(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are 
to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags 
should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids 
the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation 
in time of peace. 

(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a 
staff projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, 



The American Flag 81 

balcony, or front of a building', the union of the flag should be 
placed at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff. 
When the flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extend- 
ing from a house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag- 
should be hoisted out, union first, from the building. 

(i) When the flag is displayed otherwise than by being flown 
from a staff, it should be displayed flat, whether indoors or out. 
When displayed either horizontally or vertically against a wall, 
the union should be uppermost and to the flag's own right; that 
is, to the observer's left. When displayed in a window, the flag 
should be displayed in the same way; that is, with the union or 
blue field to the left of the observer in the street. 

(j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it 
should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an 
east and west street or to the east in the north and south street. 

(k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed 
flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When dis- 
played from a staff in a church or public auditorium, if it is dis- 
played in the chancel of a church, or on the speaker's platform 
in a public auditorium, the flag should occupy the position of 
honor and be placed at the clergyman's or speakers right as he 
faces the congregation or audience. Any other flag so displayed 
in the chancel or on the platform should be placed at the clergy- 
man's or speaker's left as he faces the congregation or audience. 
But when the flag is displayed from a staff in a church or public 
auditorium elsewhere than in the chancel or on the platform it 
shall be placed in the position of honor at the right of the con- 
gregation or audience as they face the chancel or platform. Any 
other flag so displayed should be placed on the left of the congre- 
gation or audience as they face the chancel or platform. 

(1) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony 
of unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never be used 
as the covering for the statue or monument. 

(m) The flag, when flown at half staff, should be first hoisted 
to the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff posi- 
tion. The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is 
lowered for the day. By "half-staff" is meant hauling the flag to 
one-half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff. 
Crepe streamers may be affixed to spear heads or flagstaffs in a 
parade only by order of the President of the United States. 



82 North Carolina Manual 

(n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so 
placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. 
The flag: should not be lowered into the grave or allowed to touch 
the ground. 

Sec. 4. That no disrespect should be shown to the flag of the 
United States of America; the flag should not be dipped to any 
person or thing. Regimental colors, State flags, and organizations 
or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor. 

(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down 
save as a signal of dire distress. 

(b) The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as 
the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise. 

(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but 
always aloft and free. 

(d) The flag should never be used as drapery of any sort what- 
soever, never festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always 
allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white, and red, always ar- 
ranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red 
below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping the 
front of a platform, and for decoration in general. 

(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or 
stored in such a manner as will permit it to be easily torn, soiled, 
or damaged in any way. 

(f) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling. 

(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on part of 
it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, 
design, picture, or drawing of any nature. 

(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, 
holding, carrying, or delivering anything. 

(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in 
any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such 
articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or other- 
wise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that is 
designed for temporary use and discard; or used as any portion 
of a costume or athletic uniform. Advertising signs should not be 
fastened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown. 

(j) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer 
a fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified 
way, preferably by burning. 



The American Flag 83 

Sec. 5. That during the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the 
flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in a review, all 
persons present should face the flag, stand at attention, and salute. 
Those present in uniform should render the right-hand salute. 
When not in uniform, men should remove the headdress with the 
right hand holding it at the left shoulder, the hand being over 
the heart. Men without hats merely stand at attention. Women 
should salute by placing the right hand over the heart. The 
salute to the flag in the moving column should be rendered at the 
moment the flag passes. 

Sec. 6. That when the national anthem is played and the flag is 
not displayed, all present should stand and face toward the music. 
Those in uniform should salute at the first note of the anthem, 
retaining this position until the last note. All others stand at 
attention, men removing the headdress. When the flag is dis- 
played, the salute to the flag should be given. 

Sec. 7. That the pledge of allegiance to the flag, "I pledge al- 
legiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the 
Republic for which it stands, one Nation indivisible, with liberty 
and justice for all," be rendered by standing with the right hand 
over the heart; extending the right hand, palm upward, toward 
the flag at the words "to the flag" and holding this position until 
the end, when the hand drops to the side. However, civilians will 
always show full respect to the flag when the pledge is given by 
merely standing at attention, men removing the headdress. Per- 
sons in uniform shall render the military salute. 

Sec. 8. Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag 
of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, 
modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may 
be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy 
of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or 
desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set 
forth in a proclamation. 

The Pledge to the Flag 

(Taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily) 
"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, 

And to the Republic for which it stands, 

One Nation, indivisible, 

With liberty and justice for all." 



84 North Carolina Manual 

The Pledge to the Flajr, according- to a report of the Historical 
Committee of the United States Flag Association (May 18, 1939), 
was written by Francis Bellamy (August 1892), a member of the 
editorial staff of The Youth's Companion, in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. It was first repeated at the exercises in connection with 
the celebration of Columbus Day (October 12, 1892, Old Style). 
The idea of this national celebration on Columbus Day was largely 
that of James B. Upham, one of the junior proprietors of The 
Yo uth 's Compa nion. 

Francis Hopkinson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
was the designer of the Stars and Stripes — not Betsy Ross of 
Philadelphia, who made flags. He also designed the first Great 
Seal of the United States, and a number of coins and several 
items of paper currency in the early days of the Republic. 

Hopkinson, born in Philadelphia (September 21, 1737), and a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, was the first native 
American composer of a secular song-, "My Days Have Been So 
Wondrous Free." He was a lawyer and later a judge in New 
Jersey and then in Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia (May 
9, 1791). His portrait, painted by himself, hangs in the rooms of 
the Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia. He played the 
organ and the harpsichord. 



THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON 

The Capitol building,- in Washington, D. C, is situated on a 
plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River and covers 
an area of 153,112 square feet, or approximately three and one- 
half acres. Its length, from north to south, is 751 feet, four 
inches; its width, including approaches, is 350 feet; and its loca- 
tion is described as being in latitude 38°53'20.4" N. and longitude 
77°00'35.7" W. from Greenwich. Its height above the base line on 
the east front to the top of the Statue of Freedom is 287 feet, 
five and one-half inches. The dome is built of iron, and the aggre- 
gate weight of material used in its construction is 8,909,200 
pounds. 

The Statue of Freedom surmounting the dome is of bronze and 
weighs 14,985 pounds. It was modeled by Thomas Crawford, 
father of Francis Marion Crawford, the novelist, in Rome, and 
the plaster model shipped to this country. It was cast in bronze 
at the shops of Clark Mills, on the Bladensburg Road, near Wash- 
ington. The cost of the casting and the expenses in connection 
were $20,796.82, and the sculptor was paid $3,000 for the plaster 
model. It was erected and placed in its present position Decem- 
ber 2, 1863. 

The grounds have had an area of 58.8 acres, at one time a part 
of Cern Abby Manor, and at an early date were occupied by a 
subtribe of the Algonquin Indians known as the Powhatans, whose 
council house was then located at the foot of the hill. By sub- 
sequent purchase of ground at the north of the Capitol and at 
the west of the new House Office building the area of the grounds 
has been increased to 139 ^/^ acres. 

The Rotunda is 97 feet 6 inches in diameter, and its height from 
the floor to the top of the canopy is 180 feet, 3 inches. 

The Senate Chamber is 113 feet, 3 inches, in length by 80 feet, 
3 inches, in width and 36 feet in height. The galleries will ac- 
commodate 682 persons. 

The Representatives' Hall is 139 feet in length by 93 feet in 
width and 36 feet in height. 

The room, until 1935 the meeting place of the Supreme Court, 
was, until 1859, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to 
that time the court occupied the room immediately beneath, now 
used as a law library. 

85 



86 North Carolina Manual 

The Capitol has a floor area of 14 acres, and 430 rooms are de- 
voted to office, committee, and storage purposes. There are 14,518 
square feet of skylights, 679 windows, and 550 doorways. 

The dome receives light through 108 windows, and from the 
architect's office to the dome there are 365 steps, one for each day 
of the year. 

The southeast cornerstone of the original building was laid Sep- 
tember 18, 1793, by President Washington, with Masonic cere- 
monies. It is constructed of sandstone from quarries on Aquia 
Creek, Va. The original designs were prepared by Dr. William 
Thornton, and the work was done under the direction of Stephen 
H. Hallet, James Hoban, George Hadfield, and B. H. Latrobe, 
architects. 

The north wing was finished in 1800 and the south wing in 
1811. A wooden passageway connected them. On August 24, 1814, 
the interior of both wings was destroyed by fire, set by the British. 
The damage to the building was immediately repaired. 

In 1818 the central portion of the building was commenced, 
under the architectural superintendence of Charles Bullfinch. The 
original building was finally completed in 1827. Its cost, including 
the grading of the grounds, alterations, and repairs, up to 1827, 
was $2,433,844.13. 

The cornerstone of the extensions was laid on the Fourth of 
July, 1851, by President Fillmore, Daniel Webster officiating as 
orator. This work was prosecuted under the architectural direc- 
tion of Thomas U. Walter till 1865, when he resigned, and it was 
completed under the supervision of Edward Clark. The material 
used in the walls is white marble from the quarries at Lee, Mass- 
achusetts, and that in the columns from the quarries at Cokeys- 
ville, Maryland. The House extension was first occupied for legis- 
lative purpose December 16, 1857, and the Senate January 4, 1859. 

The House office building was begun in 1905 and occupied on 
January 10, 1908; later a story on top was added. The Senate 
office building was started in 1906 and occupied on March 5, 1909. 
The House building cost, with site, $4,860,155; the Senate struc- 
ture, $5,019,251. 

Among the paintings in the Capitol are: 

In Rotunda: Signing of the Declaration of Independence, Sur- 
render of General Burgoyne, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at 



The National Capitol 87 

Yorktown, Va., George Washington Resigning His Commission as 
Commander in Chief of the Army, all by John Trumbull. 

Baptism of Pocahontas, by John G. Chapman; Landing of Co- 
lumbus, by John Vanderlyn; Discovery of the Mississippi River, 
by DeSoto, by William H. Powell; Embarkation of the Pilgrims, 
by Robert W. Weir. 

In House Wing: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its 
Way, by Emanuel Leutze; First Reading of the Emancipation 
Proclamation, by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. 

In Senate Wing: Battle of Lake Erie, by William H. Powell; 
Battle of Chapultepec, by James Walker. 



THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

(Unanimously Adopted in Congress, July 4, 1770, at Philadelphia) 
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for 
one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected 
them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, 
the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and 
of Nature's God entitles them, a decent respect to the opinions of 
mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel 
them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident : That all men are created 
equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain in- 
alienable Rights; that among these are Life, Liberty and the pur- 
suit of Happiness. That, to secure these rights, Governments are 
instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the con- 
sent of the governed; That, whenever any Form of Government 
becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People 
to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying 
its foundations on such principles, and organizing its powers in 
such forms, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety 
and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments 
long established should not be changed for light and transient 
causes; and, accordingly, all experience hath shewn, that mankind 
are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to 
right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are ac- 
customed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, 
pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a design to reduce 
them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, 
to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for 
their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of 
these Colonies, and such is now the necessity which constrains 
them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history 
of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated in- 
juries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establish- 
ment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, 
let Facts be submitted to a candid world. 

He has refused his assent to Laws, the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

88 



Declaration of Independence 89 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and 
pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his 
Assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly 
neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of 
large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the 
right of Representation in the Legislature — a right inestimable 
to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, un- 
comfortable and distant from the depository of their public Re- 
cords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with 
his measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing 
with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause 
others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable 
of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their 
exercise; the State remaining, in the meantime, exposed to all the 
dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States for 
that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreign- 
ers; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, 
and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing 
his Assent to laws for establishing Judiciary Powers. 

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure 
of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither 
swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their sub- 
stance. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace. Standing Armies with- 
out the Consent of our Legislature. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of, and 
superior to, the Civil power. 

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction 
foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giv- 
ing his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: 

For quartei'ing large bodies of armed troops among us: 



90 North Carolina Manual 

For protecting: them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any 
Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these 
States: 

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: 

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by jury; 

For transporting us beyond Seas, to be tried for pretended 
offenses : 

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbor- 
ing Provience, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and 
enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an example 
and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into 
these Colonies : 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable 
Laws, and altering fundamentally, the Forms of our Govern- 
ments : 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves 
invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his 
Protection and waging War against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, 
and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mer- 
cenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, 
already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely 
paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the 
Head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-Citizens, taken captive on the 
high Seas, to bear Arms against their Country, to become the exe- 
cutioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by 
their Hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has en- 
deavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merci- 
less Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undis- 
tinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. 

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Re- 
dress in the most humble terms; Our repeated Petitions have 
been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose char- 



Declaration of Independence 91 

acter is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is 
unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our Britain brethren. 
We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their 
legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We 
have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and 
settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and 
magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our com- 
mon kindred to disavow these usurpations, which inevitably in- 
terrupt our connections and correspondence. They, too, have been 
deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, there- 
fore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, 
and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind — Enemies in War, 
in Peace Friends. 

We, Therefore, the Representatives of the United States of 
America, in General Congress Assembled; appealing to the Su- 
preme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, 
in the Name and by authority of the good People of these Colonies, 
solemnly publish and declare. That these United Colonies are, and 
of Right ought to be free and independent States; that they are 
Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all 
political connection between them and the State of Great Britain 
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as Free and Inde- 
pendent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, 
contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts 
and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for 
the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the pro- 
tection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other 
our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. 

John Hancock 

Button Gwinnett Edward Rutledge 

Lyman Hall Thos. Heyward, Junr. 

Geo. Walton Thomas Lynch, Junr. 

Wm. Hooper Arthur Middleton 

Joseph Hewes Samuel Chase 

John Penn Wm, Pacft 



92 



North Carolina Manual 



Thos. Stone 

Charles Carroll of Carrollton 

James Wilson 

Geo. Ross 

Caesar Rodney 

Geo. Reed 

Tho. M. Kean 

Wm. Floyd 

Phil. Livingston 

Frans. Lewis 

Lewis Morris 

Richd. Stockton 

Jno. Witherspoon 

Fras. Hopkinson 

John Hart 

Abra Clark 

George Wythe 

Richard Henry Lee 

Th. Jefferson 

Benja. Harrison 

Thos. Nelson, Jr. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee 



Carter Braxton 
Robt. Morris 
Benjamin Rush 
Benja. Franklin 
John Morton 
Geo. Clymer 
Jas. Smith 
Geo. Taylor 
Josiah Bartlett 
Wm. Hippie 
Saml. Adams 
John Adams 
Robt. Treat Payne 
Eldridge Gerry 
Step. Hopkins 
William Ellery 
Roger Sherman 
Samuel Huntington 
Wm. Williams 
Oliver Woolcott 
Matthew Thornton 



THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

Preamble 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, pro- 
vide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do 
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 



Article I 

Section 1 — All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested 
in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate 
and House of Representatives. 

Sec 2 — 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the several 
States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications 
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State 
Legislature. 

2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citi- 
zen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among 
the several States which may be included within this Union, ac- 
cording to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by 
adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound 
to service for a term of years and excluding Indians not taxed, 
three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be 
made within thx-ee years after the first meeting of the Congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall- by law direct. The number 
of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thou- 
sand, but each State shall have at least one Representative; and 
until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hamp- 
shire shall be entitled to choose 3; Massachusetts, 8, Rhode Is- 
land and Providence Plantations, 1; Connecticut, 5; New York, 6; 



94 North Carolina Manual 

New Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 1; Maryland, 6; Vir- 
ginia, 10; North Carolina, 5; South Carolina, 5; and Georgia, 3.* 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any State, 
the Executive Authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill 
such vacancies. 

5. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and 
other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Sec. 3 — 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature there- 
of for six years; and each Senator shall have one votef 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of 
the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into 
three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be 
vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class 
at the expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year, and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, 
during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting 
of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.! 

3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United 
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that 
State for which he shall be chosen. 

4. The Vice President of the United States shall be President 
of the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally 
divided. 

5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a Presi- 
dent pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he 
shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. 

6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeach- 
ments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or 
affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the 
Chief Justice shall preside; and no person shall be convicted with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further 
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy 
any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States; but 



*See Article XIV, Amendments. 
tSee Article XVII, Amendments, 



Constitution of the United States 95 

the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to in- 
dictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

Sec. 4 — 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections 
for Senators and Representatives shall be presci'ibed in each State 
by the Legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by 
law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of 
choosing Senators. 

2. The Congi'ess shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. 5 — 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, re- 
turns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller num- 
ber may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under 
such penalties as each House may provide. 

2. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concur- 
rence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may 
in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the 
members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of 
one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. 

4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without 
the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor 
to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be 
sitting. 

Sec. 6 — 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a 
compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid 
out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, 
except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective 
Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for 
any speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned 
in any other place. 

2. No Senator or Representative shall,' during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the 
authority of the United States which shall have been created, or 



96 North Carolina Manual 

the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during- such 
time; and no person holding any office under the United States 
shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office. 
Sec. 7 — 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
House of Representatives ; but the Senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representa- 
tives and the Senate shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the President of the United States; if he approves, he shall 

" sign it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that 
House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objec- 
tions at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If 
after such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to 
pass the bill, it shall be sent together with the objections, to the 
other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if 
approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But 
in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House re- 
spectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President with- 
in ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented 
to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed 
it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, 
in which case it shall not be a law. 

3. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of 
the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessai-y (ex- 
cept on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the Presi- 
dent of the United States; and before the same shall take eifect, 
shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be 
repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

Sec. 8 — 1. The Congress shall have power: 

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay 
the debts and provide for the common defense and general wel- 
fare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall 
be uniform throughout the United States ; 

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States ; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the 
several States, and with the Indian tribes; 



Constitution of the United States 97 

4. To establish an unifoim rule of naturalization, and uniform 
laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securi- 
ties and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish postoffices and postroads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by secur- 
ing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive 
right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the 
high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money 
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years ; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

16. To provide for or^-anizing, arming, and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed 
in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respec- 
tively the appointment of the officers and the authority of train- 
ing the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over 
such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may by cession 
of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the 
seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like 
authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legisla- 
ture of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of 
forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful build- 
ings; — and 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers 
vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, 
or in any department or ofl[icer thereof. 



&8 MoRTH Carolina Manual 

Sec. 9 — 1. The migration or importation of such persons as arty 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be 
prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight 
hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such im- 
portation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be sus- 
pended, unless when in cases of i-ebellion or invasion the public 
safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to 
be taken.* 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
State. 

6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce 
or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; nor 
shall vessels bound to, or from, one State be obliged to enter, clear, 
or pay duties in another. 

7. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in conse- 
quence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement 
and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money 
shall be published from time to time. 

8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, 
shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, 
emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, 
prince, or foreign state. 

Sec. 10 — ]. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; 
emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a ten- 
der in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto 
law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any 
title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports except what may be abso- 
lutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net pro- 
duce of all duties and imposts, laid by any State on imports or 



♦See Article XVI. Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 99 

expoi-ts, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; 
and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of 
the Congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty 
of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter 
into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a 
foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in 
such imminent danger as will not admit of delay. 

Article II 

Section 1 — 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a Presi- 
dent of the United States of America. He shall hold his office dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, 
chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature 
thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole num- 
ber of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be en- 
titled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative or per- 
son holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, 
shall be appointed an elector. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote 
by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an in- 
habitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make a 
list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for 
each ; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, 
to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to 
the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The per- 
son having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if 
such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, 
and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representa- 
tives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; 
and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on 
the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. 
But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, 
the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum, for 
this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two- 



100 North Carolina Manual 

thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be nec- 
essary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, 
the person having- the greatest number of votes of the electors 
shall be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by 
ballot the Vice President.'-' 

4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the elec- 
tors and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day 
shall be the same throughout the United States. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the 
United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, 
shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any per- 
son be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the 
age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident with- 
in the United States. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his 
death, resignation or inability to discharge the powers and duties 
of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and 
the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, 
resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice President, 
declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer 
shall act accordingly until the disability be removed, or a President 
shall be elected. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a 
compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished dur- 
ing the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall 
not receive within that period any other emolument from the 
United States, or any of them. 

8. Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take 
the following oath or affirmation : 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute 
the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best 
of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of 
the United States." 

Sec. 2 — 1. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the 
Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the sev- 
eral States, when called into the actual service of the United 
States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal 



♦ This clause is superseded by Article XII, Amendrtients, 



Constitution of the United States 101 

officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject re- 
lating to the duties of their respective offices ; and he shall have 
power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the 
United States, except in cases of impeachment. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators 
present concur; and he shall nominate and, by and with the advice 
and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public 
ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other 
officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein 
otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but 
the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers as they think proper in the President alone, in the courts 
of law, or in the heads of departments. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that 
may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commis- 
sions which shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3 — He shall from time to time give to the Congress infor- 
mation of the State of the Union, and recommend to their consid- 
eration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; 
he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either 
of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to 
the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he 
shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public 
ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, 
and shall commission all the officers of the United States. 

Sec. 4 — The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of 
the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and 
misdemeanors. 

Article III 

Section 1 — The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the 
Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, 
both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices 
during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their 
services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their 
continuance in office, 



102 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 2 — 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law 
and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United 
States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their 
authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdic- 
tion;— to controversies to which the United States shall be a 
party; — to controversies between two or more States; — between a 
State and citizens of another State; — between citizens of different 
States ; — between citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the citizens 
thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and 
consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme 
Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before 
mentioned the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, 
both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such regu- 
lations as the Congress shall make. 

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall 
be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State where the said 
crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within 
any State the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress 
may by law have directed. 

Sec. 3 — 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giv- 
ing them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or 
on confession in open court. 

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of 
treason ; but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, 
or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. 

Article IV 

Section 1 — Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to 
the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the man- 
ner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, 
and the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2—1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



Constitution of the United States 103 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other 
crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, 
shall, on demand of the Executive authority of the State from 
which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having 
jurisdiction of the crime. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any 
law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, 
but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such 
service or labor may be due. 

Sec. 3 — 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into 
this Union ; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the 
jurisdiction of any other State ; nor any State be formed by the 
junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the con- 
sent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the 
Congress. 

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other 
property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Con- 
stitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the 
United States, or of any particular State. 

Sec. 4 — The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of 
them against invasion, and, on application of the Legislature, or 
of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), 
against domestic violence. 

Article V 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it 
necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on 
the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several 
States, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, 
in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part 
of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three- 
fourths of the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths 
thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the Congress ; provided that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall 
in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the Ninth 



104 North Carolina Manual 

Section of the First Article; and that no State, without its con- 
sent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. 

Article VI 

1. All debts contracted and engagements entered into before the 
adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United 
States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. 

2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which 
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which 
shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be 
the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall 
be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any 
State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the 
members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and 
judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several 
States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Con- 
stitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualifi- 
cation to any office or public trust under the United States. 

Article VII 

The ratification of the Conventions of nine States shall be suf- 
ficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the 
States so ratifying the same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States 
present the Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of Our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth. In 
witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 

GEO. WASHINGTON, President and deputy from Virginia, 
New Hampshire — John Langdon, Nicholas Oilman, Massachusetts 
— Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King, Connecticut — Wm. Saml. John- 
son, Roger Sherman, New York — Alexander Hamilton, New Jersey 
— Wil. Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Patterson, Jona. Dayton, 
Pennsylvania — B. Franklin, Robt. Morris, Thos. Fitzsimmons, 
James Wilson, Thomas Mifflin, Geo. Clymer, Jared Ingersoll, Gouv. 
Morris, Delaware — Geo. Read, John Dickinson, Jaco. Broom, Gun- 
ning Bedford, Jr., Richard Bassett, Maryland — James McHenry, 



Constitution of the United States 105 

Danl. Carroll, Dan. of St. Thos. Jenifer, Virginia — John Blair, 
Jas. Madison, Jr. North Carolina — Wm. Blount, Hu. Williamson, 
Richd. Dobbs Spaight, South Carolina — J. Rutledge, Charles 
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler, Georgia — 
William Few, Abr. Baldwin. Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. 

The Constitution was declared in effect on the first Wednesday 
in March, 1789. 

Amendments to the Constitution of the United States 

The following amendments to the Constitution, Article I to X, 
inclusive, were proposed at the First Session of the First Congress, 
begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, March 4, 
1789, and were adopted by the necessary number of States. The 
original proposal of the ten amendments was preceded by this 
preamble and resolution: 

"The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time 
of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to 
prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further de- 
claratory and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extending 
the ground of public confidence in the Government will best insure 
the beneficient ends of its institution: 

"RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of 
both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to 
the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Con- 
stitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when 
ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all 
intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, namely": 

Amendments 

THE TEN original AMENDMENTS 

(Sometimes called our Bill of Rights) 
(Declared in force December 15, 1791) 

Article I 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of re- 
ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the 
freedom of speech or of the press ; or the right of the people peace- 
ably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of 
grievances, 



106 North Carolina Manual 



Article II 

A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free 
State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be 
infringed. 

Article III 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house 
without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a man- 
ner to be prescribed by law. 

Article IV 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, 
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, 
shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon prob- 
able cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de- 
scribing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to 
be seized. 

Article V 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise 
infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the 
militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor 
shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in 
jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 

Article VI 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to 
a speedy, and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and 
district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which dis- 
trict shall have been previously ascertained by law, and be in- 
formed of the nature and cause of the accusation ; to be confronted 
with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for 
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of 
counsel for his defense. 



Constitution of the United States 107 



Article VII 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall 
exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved 
and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any 
court of the United States than according to the rules of the com- 
mon law. 

Article VIII 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, 
nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

Article IX 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not 
be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 

Article X 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitu- 
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States 
respectively, or to the people. 

Article XI 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to 
extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted 
against one of the United States, by citizens of another State, or 
by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 

(Proposed to the Legislatures of the several States by the Third 
Congress on the 5th of March, 1794, and declared to have been 
ratified by Executive Proclamation, January 8, 1798.) 

Article XII 

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by 
ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves ; they shall 
name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in dis- 
tinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all 
persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for 
each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, 
to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the 



108 North Carolina Manual 

President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, in the 
presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the 
certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person having 
the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, 
if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the per- 
sons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the list of 
those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall 
choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the 
President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall 
consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and 
a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if 
the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, when- 
ever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March next following, then the Vice President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional dis- 
ability of the President. The person having the greatest number of 
votes as Vice President shall be the Vice President, if such number 
be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no 
person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the 
list, the Senate shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Sena- 
tors, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a 
choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of 
President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United 
States. 

(Proposed by the Eighth Congress on the 12th of December, 

1803, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, September 25, 

1804. It was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire.) 

Article XIII 

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a 
punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly con- 
victed, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject 
to their jurisdiction. 

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appro- 
priate legislation. 



Constitution op the United States 109 

(Proposed by the Thirty-eighth Congress on the 1st of Feb- 
ruary, 1865, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, dated 
December 18, 1865. It was rejected by Delaware and Kentucky; 
was conditionally ratified by Alabama and Mississippi; and Texas 
took no action.) 

Article XIV 

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States 
and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of 
citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any per- 
son of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor 
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States 
according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number 
of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when 
the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for Presi- 
dent and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in 
Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the mem- 
bers of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabi- 
tants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of 
the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation 
in rebellion or other crime, the basis of repi-esentation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male 
citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty- 
one years of age in such State. 

3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, 
or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil 
or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, hav- 
ing previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an 
officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legisla- 
ture, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support 
the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insur- 
rection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of 
each House, remove such disability. 

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, author- 
ized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and 



110 North Carolina Manual 

bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall 
not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State 
shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of in- 
surrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for 
the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions, and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate 
legislation the provisions of this article. 

(The Reconstruction Amendment, by the Thirty-ninth Congress 
on the 16th day of June, 1866, declared ratified by the Secretary 
of State, July 28, 1868. The amendment got the support of 23 
Northern States; it was rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Mary- 
land, and 10 Southern States. California took no action. Later it 
was ratified by the 10 Southern States.) 

Article XV 

1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on ac- 
count of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Fortieth Congress the 27th of February, 1869, 
and was declared ratified by the Secretary of State, March 30, 
1870. It was not acted on by Tennessee; it was rejected by Cali- 
fornia, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Oregon; ratified by the 
remaining 30 States. New York rescinded is ratification January 
5, 1870. .New Jersey rejected it in 1870, but ratified it in 1871.) 

Article XVI 

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on in- 
comes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment 
among the several States, and without regard to any census or 
enumeration. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-first Congress, July 12, 1909, and de- 
clared ratified February 25, 1913. The income tax amendment was 
ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsyl- 
vania, Rhode Island, Utah, and Virginia.) 

Article XVII 
1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two 
Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six 



Constitution of the United States 111 

years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each 
State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most 
numerous branch of the State Legislatures. 

2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in 
the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs 
of election to fill such vacancies ; Provided, That the Legislature 
of any State may empower the Executive thereof to make tempor- 
ary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as 
the Legislature may direct. 

3. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the 
election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as 
part of the Constitution. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th day of May, 
1912, and declared ratified May 31, 1913. Adopted by all the States 
except Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah and 
Virginia.) 

Article XVIII 

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manu- 
facture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the 
importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the 
United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof 
for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 

2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent 
power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures 
of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within 
seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States 
by the Congress. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress, December 18, 1917, and 
ratified by 36 States; was declared in effect on January 16, 1920.) 

Article XIX 

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of sex. 

2. Congress shall have power, by appropriate legislation, to 
enforce the provisions of this article. 



112 North Carolina Manual 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Cong-ress. On August 26, 1920, it 
was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified (June 19, 1919 — 
August 18, 1920) by three-quarters of the States. The Tennessee 
House, August 31st, rescinded its ratification, 47 to 24.) 

Article XX 

1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at 
noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and 
Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January of the years 
in M^hich such terms v^^ould have ended if this article had not been 
ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the 
President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President 
elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been 
chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if 
the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice 
President elect shall act as President until a President shall have 
cualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case 
wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall 
have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the 
manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such 
person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President 
shall have qualified. 

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death 
of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives 
may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have 
devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the 
persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President when- 
the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. 

5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October 
following the ratification of this article. 

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures 
of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from 
the date of its submission, 



Constitution of the United States 113 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, First Session. On February 6, 
1933, it was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified by thirty- 
nine states.) 

Article XXI 

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of 
the United States is hereby repealed. 

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, 
or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of 
intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby 
prohibited. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the 
several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years 
from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Con- 
gress. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, Second Session. Proclaimed 
in eff'ect on December 5, 1933, having been ratified by thirty-six 
States. By proclamation of the same date, the President pro- 
claimed that the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution was 
repealed on December 5, 1933.) 



PART II 
CENSUS 



POPULATION OF THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Seventeenth Census of the United States: 1950 

Based on preliminary population figures, North Carolina's urban 
places continued to grow faster than rural areas between 1940 
and 1950, according to the seventeenth decennial census, issued by 
Director Roy V. Peel, of the Bureau of the Census, Department 
of Commerce. 

According to the preliminary figures, the total urban population 
increased from 974,175 in 1940 to 1,226,389 in 1950, or 25.9 per 
cent, while the rural population increased from 2,597,448 in 1940 
to 2,835,540 in 1950 or an increase of 9.2 per cent. The final count 
of the Seventeenth Census for the entire state on April 1, 1950 
was 4,061,929 compared to 3,571,623 for 1940, showing an increase 
of 13.7 per cent. Urban residents accounted for 30.2 per cent of 
the State's population in 1950 as compared with 27.3 per cent for 
1940. Rural areas in 1950 accounted for 69.8 per cent of the total 
population. The Census Bureau considers as urban areas the in- 
corporated places of 2500 or more. The remaining territory is 
classified as rural. 

There were 30 incorporated places of 10,000 or more in 1950 
according to preliminary counts. Four of these (Albemarle, Hen- 
derson, Monroe, and Sanford) reached this size since 1940. All of 
these cities increased in population between 1940 and 1950. 

The final figures, by counties, of the 1950 census showed that 
there was a gain in population in 78 of the 100 counties. Onslow 
county, with an increase of 133.3 per cent had the most extensive 
growth, followed by Cumberland with 61.8 per cent, Craven with 
55.5 per cent. Orange with 49.2 per cent and New Hanover with 
32.1 per cent. 

The first census of North Carolina was taken in 1790, returning 
a population of 393,751. The population has shown an increase at 
every census since that time. The population passed 1,000,000 be- 
tween 1860 and 1870, 2,000,000 between 1900 and 1910, 3,000,000 
between 1920 and 1930, and 4,000,000 between 1940 and 1950. The 
present population represents a density of 77.1 inhabitants per 
square mile. North Carolina's total area in square miles is 52,712. 
Land area is 49,142 square miles; water area is 3,570 square miles. 

Table 1 presents the figures for counties and for incorporated 
places of 10,000 or more, and Table 2 for incorporated places of 
less than 10,000. 

117 



118 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 1. POPULATION OF COUNTIES AND OF INCORPORATED PLACES 
OF 10,000 OR MORE IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950 



County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


The State 


4,061,929 

1,226,389 

2,835,540 

30.2 

71,220 
14,554 
8,155 
26,781 
21,878 

13,352 
37,134 
26,439 
29,703 
19,238 

124,403 

45,518 

63,783 

43,352 

5,223 

23,059 
20,870 
61,794 
25,392 
18,294 

12,540 
6,006 
64,357 
50,621 
48,823 

96,006 

6,201 

5,405 

62,244 

15,420 

41,074 
101,639 

51,634 
146,135 

31,341 

110,836 

9,555 

6,886 

31,793 

18,024 


Counties — Cont. 
Guilford 


191,057 
58,377 
47,605 
37,631 
30,921 

21,453 
15,756 
6,479 
56,303 
19,261 

65,906 
11,004 
23,522 
45,953 
27,459 

25,720 
16,174 
20,522 
27,938 
197,052 

15,143 
17,260 
33,129 
59,919 
63,272 

28,432 
42,047 
34,435 
9,993 
24,347 

18,423 
9,602 
24,361 
63,789 
11,627 

50,804 
39,597 
87,769 
64,816 
75,410 

46,356 
49,780 
26,336 
37,130 
21,520 


Counties — Cont. 
Surry 

Swain . . 






45,593 


Rural 


Halifax 


9,921 


Per Cent Urban. 


Harnett.. 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke .- 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union . _. 


15,194 

5,048 

42,034 


Counties: 

Alamance 

Alexander 


Vance 

Wake 

Warren 


32,101 
136,450 




23,539 


Anson 


Hyde 


Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes. 


13,180 


Ashe 


Iredell 


18,342 




Jackson 




Avery 


Johnston. 

Jones. _ . 


64,267 
45,243 




Wilson 


54,506 


Bertie 


Yadkin... 

Yancey 

Incorporated 
Places of 10,000 
OR More 

Albemarle 

Asheville 

Burlington 

Charlotte 

Concord . . 


22,133 


Bladen 


Lee . . 


16,306 


Brunswick 


Lenoir 






Lincoln . . 




Buncombe.- 

Burke 


McDowell. 

Macon 


Population 
11,751 


Cabarrus 


52,208 


Caldwell 


Madison 

Martin 


24,495 




133,219 




Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


16 720 


Carteret 


Durham 

Elizabeth City... 

Fayette ville 

Gastonia. 

Goldsboro 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

Henderson 

Hickory.. 

High Point 

Kinston .. . 


70,307 


Caswell -- 


Montgomery 

Moore . . 


12,682 


Catawba 


34,605 




Nash 


23,003 


Cherokee 

Chowan - 


New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 


21,399 
73,703 


Clay,.. 


16,713 


Cleveland 


Orange 


10,942 


Columbus 


Pamlico . . . . 


14,691 


Craven 


Pasquotank 

Pender . 


39,930 


Cumberland 


18,278 


Currituck. 


Perquimans 

Person. 


Lexington 

Monroe 


13,562 


Dare.. 


10,113 


Davidson 


Pitt . - 


New Bern 

Raleigh 

Reidsville 

Rocky Mount 

Salisbury... 

Sanford-. . . 


15,784 


Davie 


Polk. 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 


65,123 


Duplin . . . . 


11,760 


Durham 

Edgecombe 


27,644 
19,999 


Forsyth.. 


Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scot and. 

Stanly 


10,004 


Franklin 


Shelby 


15,508 


Gaston 


Statesville 

Thomas ville 

Wiknington 

Wilson . - . - 


16,763 


Gates 


11,126 


Graham ... 


44,975 


Granville 


22,964 


Greene 


Stokes 


Winston-Salem... 


86,816 









Population of Cities and Towns 



119 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950 



City or Town 



2,500 to 10,000 

Ahoskie _ _ 

Asheboro 

Beaufort - 

Belmont 

Bessemer City 

Boone - 

Brevard.- _ 

Canton 

Chapel Hill 

Cherryville 

Clinton 

Draper 

Dunn_. -- 

Edenton _. 

Elkin 

Farmville 

Forest City 

Graham 

Hamlet . 

Hendersonville 

Jacksonville 

Kings Mountain.. 

Laurinburg 

Leaksville 

Lenoir. _. 

Lincoln ton 

Louisburg 

Lumberton 

Marion.. 

Mooresville 

Morehead City... 

Morgan ton 

Mount Airy 

Mount Olive 

Newton 

North Wilkesboro 

Oxford 

Plymouth 

Roanoke Rapids.. 
Rockingham 

Roxboro 

Rutherfordton 

Scotland Neck 

Selma 

Smithfield 



County 



Hertford 

Randolph 

Carteret 

Gaston 

Gaston 

Watauga 

Transylvania. . 

Haywood 

Orange 

Gaston 

Sampson 

Rockingham... 

Harnett 

Chowan 

Surry 

Pitt 

Rutherford 

Alamance 

Richmond 

Henderson 

Onslow 

Cleveland 

Scotland 

Rockingham... 
Caldwell 

Lincoln 

Franklin 

Robeson 

McDowell 

Iredell 

Carteret 

Burke 

Surry 

Wayne 

Catawba 

Wilkes 

Granville 

Washington 

Halifax 

Richmond 

Person 

Rutherford 

Halifax 

Johnston 

Johnston 



Popula- 
tion 



3,568 
7,674 
3,217 
5,341 
3,965 



2,964 
3,893 
4,924 
9,169 
3,486 



4,399 
3,629 
6,325 
4,454 

2,844 

2,941 
4,965 
5,013 
4,917 
6,061 



928 
193 
126 
057 
863 



5,419 
2,541 
9,164 
2,726 
7,118 

5,055 
8,252 
7,194 
3,728 
6,015 

4,370 
6,703 
4,471 
8,123 
3,319 



,047 
,139 
,758 
,634 
,574 



City or Town 



2,500 to 10,003 
— Continued 

Southern Pines 

Spencer 

Spindale 

Tarboro 

Valdese 



Wadesboro . . 
Wake Forest. 
Washington.. 
Waynesville . . 
Whiteville... 
Williamston. . 



Less than 2,500 

Aberdeen 

Andrews 

Angier 

Apex 

Archdale 

Aulander 

Ayden 

Belhaven 

Benson 

Bethel 



Biscoe 

Black Mountain. 
Boiling Springs.. 

Bryson City 

Burgaw 



Burnsville 

Carolina Beach. 

Carrboro 

Carthage 

Cary 



Chadbourn . . 
China Grove. 

Clayton 

Coats. 

Columbia 



Conover 

Cornelius. 

Dallas 

Davidson. 

East Flat Rock. 



East Lumberton. 

East Spencer 

Elizabethtown. .. 

Elon College 

Enfield 



County 



Moore 

Rowan 

Rutherford- .. 
Edgecombe... 
Burke 

Anson 

Wake. 

Beaufort 

Haywood 

Columbus 

Martin 

Moore 

Cherokee 

Harnett 

Wake 

Randolph 

Bertie 

Pitt 

Beaufort 

Johnston 

Pitt 

Montgomery. 

Buncombe 

Cleveland 

Swain 

Pender 

Yancey 

New Hanover 

Orange 

Moore 

Wake 

Columbus 

Rowan 

Johnston 

Harnett 

Tyrrell 

Catawba 

Mecklenburg. 

Gaston 

Mecklenburg. 
Henderson 

Robeson 

Rowan 

Bladen 

Alamance 

Halifax 



Popula- 
tion 



179 
,226 
,890 
,069 
,735 

409 
701 
616 

288 
245 

978 

,600 
,398 
178 
,064 
,218 

116 
277 
494 
097 
398 

,035 
,165 
,147 
,501 
,603 

,326 
,076 
,789 
185 
,437 

101 

.478 
225 
044 
157 

159 
,542 
,450 

,418 
,285 

108 
,451 
,603 

101 
,351 



120 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: \95i)-Continued 



Citv or Town 



1,000 to 2,500 
— Continued 

Fair Bluff 

Fairmont 

Franklin 

Franklinton 

Fremont 

Fuquay Springs 

Garner 

Gas ton. __ 

Gibsonville j 

Granite Falls 

Hazelwood 

Hertford 

Hillstoro 

HoUv Ridge 

Ho.;e Mills 

Jonesvil'e 

Kenly 

Kerr.ersville 

La Grange 

Landis 

Liberty 

Lillington 

Littleton ! 

Longview 

Lowell 

Madison 

Maiden 

Mars Hill 

Marsh ville 

Maxton 

Mayodan 

McAdenville 

Mebane ! 

Mocksville 

Mount Gilead 

Mount Holly 

Mount Pleasant 

Murfreesboro 

Murphy 

Nashville 

Norwood. 

Pembroke 

Pilot Mountain 

Pinetops- 

Pineville 



County 



Columbus 

Robeson 

Macon 

Franklin 

Wayne 

Wake 

Wake 

Northampton. 

Alamance 

Guilford 

Caldwell 

Haywood 

Perquimans. _. 

Orange 

Onslow 

Cumberland- - 

Yadkin 

Johnston 

Forsyth 

Lenoir 

Rowan 

Randolph 

Harnett 

Halifax 

Warren 

Catawba 

Gaston 

Rockingham. _ 

Catawba 

Madison 

Union 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Gaston 

Alamance 

Orange 

Davie 

Montgomery.. 

Gaston 

Cabarrus 

Hertford 

Cherokee 

Nash 

Stanly 

Robeson 

Surry 

Edgecombe 

Mecklenburg.. 



Popula- 
tion 


1,050 
2,318 
1,964 
1,408 
1,390 


1,998 
1,182 
1,216 


1 1,836 


2,282 


1,781 
2,095 
1,318 
1,081 
1,071 


1,767 
1,139 
2,392 
1,851 
1,815 


1,335 
1,058 


1 1,169 


2,281 
2,312 


1,783 
1,943 
1,329 
1,255 
1,978 


2,245 
1,059 


1 2,061 


1,920 
1,202 


2,229 
1,019 
2,138 
2,429 
1,301 


1,731 
1,211 
1,089 
1,024 
1,373 



City or Town 



1,000 to 2,500 
— Continued 

Pittsboro 

Raeford 

Ramseur 

Raiidleman.. 

Red Springs 

Rich Square 

Robbins 

Robcrsoiivil'.e 

Roseboro 

Rowland 

Saint Pauls 

Siler City 

Southport 

Spring Hope 

Spruce Pine 

Stanley 

Svlva 

Tabor City 

Tay lorsville 

Troy 

Tryon 

Wallace 

Walnut Cove 

Warrenton 

Warsaw 

Weaver ville 

Weldon 

Wendell 

Wilkesboro 

Windsor 

Zebulon 

Less Than 1,000 

Acme 

Addor 

Advance 

Alexander Mills 

Ansonville 

Arapahoe 

Arlington 

Atkinson 

Atlantic 

Atlantic Beach 

Aurora 

Autryville 

Baileys 

BakersviUe 

Banner Elk 



County 



Chatham 

Hoke 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Robeson 

Northampton 

Moore 

Martin 

Sampson 

Robeson 

Robeson 

Chatham 

Brunswick... 

Nash 

Mitchell 

Gaston 

Jackson 

Columbus 

Alexander 

Montgomery. 

Polk 

Duplin 

Stokes 

Warren 

Duplin 

Buncombe.. _ 

Halifax 

Wake 

Wilkes 

Bertie 

Wake 

Columbus 

Moore 

Davie 

Rutherford . . 
Anson 

Pamlico 

Yadkin 

Pender 

Carteret 

Carteret 

Beaufort 

Sampson 

Nash 

Mitchell 

Avery 



Popula- 
tion 



,093 
024 
125 
073 
245 

056 
157 
409 
236 
288 

252 

495 
744 
277 
268 

645 
382 
028 
303 
215 

984 
613 
122 
17:5 
596 

101 

,287 
,253 
,361 
773 
,380 



137 
108 
213 
885 
546 

273 
524 
291 

840 

48 

529 
151 
737 
427 
46J 



Population of Cities and Towns 



121 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950— Continued 



City or Town 



Less Than 1,000 
. — Continued 
Bath 

Battleboro 

Bayboro 

Eeirgrass 

Bell Arthur 



Bennett 

Bertie 

Beaulaville 

Biltmore Forest _ 
Black Creek _-.- 



Bladenboro_ , . 

Blowing Rock. 

Bolivia 

Bolton 

Boonville 



Bostic 

Bowdens.. 
Bridgeton. 
Broadway . 
Brookford _ 



Brunswick- 
Bunlevel-- 

Bunn 

Calypso 

Cameron _ . 



Candor 

Cashiers 

Castalia 

Catawba 

Cerro Gordo. 



Cherry 

Claremont. 
Clarkton . . 
Cleveland - 
Clyde 



Colerain... 
Columbus - 
Conetoe... 
Conway... 
Council 



Cove City. 
Creedmore. 

Creswell 

Crossnore. . 
Grouse 



County 



Beaufort 

Edgecombe. 

Nash 

Pamlico 

Martin 

Pitt 



Chatham.. 

Bertie 

Duplin 

Buncombe. 
Wilson 



Bladen 

Caldwell.. 
Watauga . _ 
Brunswick. 
Columbus - 
Yadkin 



Rutherford - 

Duplin 

Craven 

Lee 

Catawba 



Columbus. 
Harnett.-. 
Franklin. . 

Duplin 

Moore 



Popula- 
tion 



Montgomery.. 

Jackson 

Nash 

Catawba 

Columbus 



Washington. 

Catawba 

Bladen 

Rowan 

Haywood... 



Bertie 

Polk 

Edgecombe 

Northampton. 
Bladen 



Craven 

Granville 

Washington. 

Avery 

Lincoln 



378 

324 

452 
128 
190 

234 
259 
722 
680 
314 

793 

646 

211 
605 
497 

229 
240 
801 
469 
769 

189 
181 
251 
687 
280 

609 
305 
421 
503 
263 

73 
671 
587 
578 
598 

366 
486 
172 
613 
64 

463 
844 
427 
237 
308 



City or Town 



Less Than 1,000 
— Continued 

Culberson 

Deep Run 

Delco 

Dellview 

Denton 



Denver... 
Dillsboro. 
Dobson.. 

Dover 

Drexel 



Dublin 

Dudley 

Dundarrach 

East Bend 

East Laurinburg. 



Edward . . . 
Elk Park.. 
EUenboro. 
Ellerbe.... 
Elm City.. 



Eureka 

Everetts... 
Evergreen. 

Faison 

Faith 



Falcon 

Falkland 

Fountain 

Four Oaks... 
Frankhnville. 



Garland 

Garysburg.. 
Gates ville.. 
German ton - 
Gibson 



Glen Alpine. 

Godwin 

Gold Point.. 

Goldston 

Grainger 



Granite Quarry . 

Grifton 

Grimesland 

Grover 

Halifax 



County 



Cherokee 

Lenoir 

Columbus 

Gaston 

Davidson 

Lincoln 

Jackson 

Surry 

Craven 

Burke 

Bladen 

Wayne.. 

Hoke. 

Yadkin 

Scotland 

Beaufort 

Avery 

Rutherford... 

Richmond 

Wilson 

Wayne 

Martin 

Columbus 

Duplin 

Rowan 

Cumberland - 

Pitt 

Pitt 

Johnston 

Randolph — 

Sampson 

Northampton 

Gates 

Stokes 

Scotland 

Burke 

Cumberland . 

Martin 

Chatham 

Lenoir 

Rowan 

Pitt ..--. 

Pitt V. 

Cleveland 

Halifax 



Popula- 
tion 



149 
139 

258 

7 

763 



414 
199 
604 
638 
983 



237 
133 
134 

472 
744 

156 
543 
536 
768 
837 

192 
244 
245 
766 
489 

245 
174 
449 

944 
773 

539 
343 
321 
120 
605 

695 
144 
132 
373 
168 

588 
510 
413 
535 
347 



122 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: l^bO—Continued 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Lebs Than 1,000 
— Continued 
Hamilton. 


Martin 


513 

875 
373 
167 
147 

136 
353 
169 
514 
552 

600 
392 
405 
254 
714 

923 
910 
310 
232 
838 

244 
748 
531 
357 
126 

405 
673 
188 
462 
223 

173 
573 
177 

285 
296 

964 
336 
603 
194 
216 

402 
154 
368 
234 
591 


Less Than 1,000 
— Continued 
Manly 


Moore 


280 


Hamilton Lakes.. 


Guilford 

Iredell 


Manteo 


Dare 


626 


Harmony . . 


Marearetsviile 

Marietta 


Northampton... 

Robeson 

Madison 

Mecklenburg 

Green 


113 


Harrellsville. . 


Hertford.. 

Sampson 

Martin... .. .. 


94 


Harrels Store.. 


Marshall.. ... . . 


974 


Hassell 




586 


Hayesville 


Clay.... 


Maury . . . 


250 


Haywood 


Chatham 

Macon. 


Mavsville 


Jones 


820 


Highlands 


McDonalds 

Mc Parian 


Robeson 

Anson 

Chatham 

Johnston 

Vance ... 


78 


Hildebran.. 


Burke 


138 


Hobgood 


Halifax 

Richmond 

Wake 


Merry Oaks 

Micro 


160 


Hoffman .. . 


309 


Holly Springs.. 


Middleburg. . 


217 


Hookerton 


Green 




Nash 


445 


Hot Springs 


Madison _. 

Caldwell 

Mecklenburg 

Union _ . 


Midway 


Richmond...... 

Caswell 

Northampton... 
Union 


479 


Hudson 




315 


Huntersville 




301 


Indian Trail 


Mineral Springs 

Morrisville 


135 


Iron Station 


Lincoln 

Northampton.. _ 

Moore 


Wake 


219 


Jackson 


Caldwell 

Anson 


13 


Jackson Springs 


Morven 


598 


Jamestown 


Guilford 

Martin 


New London 

Newland 




284 


Jamesville _ 


Avery 

Carteret 

Sampson 

Warren 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Martin 


423 


Jefferson.. . 


Ashe 




676 


Jupiter... 


Buncombe 

Bertie 


Newton Grove. 


374 


Kelford.... 


869 


Kenansville 


Duplin... - 

Vance 


Norman 

North Lumberton... 
Oak City 


312 


Kittrell 


422 


Knightdale _. 


Wake - . 


515 


Kure Beach 


New Hanover. _- 

Rutherford 

Columbus 

Northampton... 

Cleveland 

Henderson 

Cleveland 

Bertie 

Anson 


Oakboro 


Stanly 


627 


Lake Lure . . . 


Oakley 


Pitt 


58 


Lake Waecamaw 

Lasker . . 


Old Fort 

Oriental 


McDowell 

Pamlico 

Robeson 

Pitt 


770 
590 


Lattimore 


Orrum 


160 


Laurel Park 


Pactolus 


263 


Lawndale... .. 


Palmyra 

Pantego... 

Parkersburg 

Parkton 


Halifax 


67 


Lewiston 


Beaufort 

Sampson 

Robeson 

Martin 


275 


Lilesville 


114 


Linden.. 


Cumberland 

Stanly 


525 


Locust. 


Parmele 


406 


Lucama. 


Wilson . 


Patterson 

Peachland 

Pikeville .. 


Caldwell 

Anson 

Wayne 

Lenoir.. 


196 


Lumber Bridge 

Macclesfield 


Robeson. 

Edgecombe 

Warren 

Duplin 


480 
469 


Macon 


Pine Hill 


386 


Magnolia. 


Pine Level 


Johnston 


602 



Population of Cities and Towns 



123 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: nbO— Continued 



City or Town 



Less Than 1,000 
— Continued 

Pinebluff 

Pinetown. 

Polkton----- 

PoUocksville 

Powellsville 



Princeton... 
Prince ville.. 
Proctorville. 

Rhodhiss--- 

Richfield... 



Richlands 

Robbinsville. 

Roberdel 

Rockwell 

Rolesville 



Ronda 

Roper 

Rose HilL 
Rosman.- 
RoxobeL- 



Ruth 

Salemburg. 

Saluda 

Saratoga. - 
Se:b^ard-- 



Seagrove. 
Severn... 
Shallotte- 



Sharpsburg. 



Shelmerdine . 



Simpson 

Sims 

Smith town . . 

Snow Hill 

South Creek. 



South Wadesboro. 
Sparta 



Staley 

Stantonsburg . 



Star 

Stedman.. 

Stem 

Stokes 

Stoneville . 



County 



Moore 

Beaufort. 

Anson 

Jones 

Bertie 



Johnston 

Edgecombe. 

Robeson 

Burke 

Caldwell... 
Stanly 



Onslow 

Graham... 
Richmond. 

Rowan 

Wake 



Wilkes 

Washington.. 

Duplin 

Transylvania. 
Bertie 



Rutherford 

Sampson 

Polk 

Wilson 

Northampton. 

Randolph 

Northampton. 

Brunswick 

Edgecombe 

Nash 

Wilson 

Pitt 



Popula- 
tion 



Pitt 

Wilson... 
Yadkin .. 

Green 

Beaufort . 



Anson 

Alleghany. . 
Edgecombe. 
Randolph . . 
Wilson 



Montgomery. 
Cumberland, 

Granville 

Pitt 

Rockingham. 



572 
302 
453 
410 
250 

602 
920 
231 

923 

237 

875 
507 
450 

849 
282 

542 

794 
891 
530 
394 

324 
432 
540 
368 
744 

323 
339 

486 

413 

31 

278 
208 
182 
940 
108 

391 
797 
103 
236 
628 

673 
424 
217 
217 
786 



City or Town 



Less Than 1,000 
— Continued 

Stonewall 

Stovall.. 

Swan Quarter 

Swansboro 

Teachey's 



Todd 

Townsville. 

Trenton 

Trinity 

Troutman . 



Turkey 

Unionville.. 
Vanceboro.. 
Vandemere. 
Vass 



Vaughn 

Waco 

Wagram 

Walstonburg. 
Warrensville. 



Washington Park. 

Watha 

Waxhaw 

Webster 

West Jefferson 



Whitakers. . . 

Whitehall--. 
Wilson Mills. 

Winfall 

Wingate 



County 



Winterville. 

Winton 

Wood 

Woodland . . 
Wood ville.. 



Wrightsville Beach . 
Yadkin College...... 

Yadkin ville 

Youngsville... 



Pamlico. . 
Granville. 
Hyde-... 
Onslow... 
Duplin... 



Ashe 

Watauga.. 

Vance 

Jones 

Randolph . 
Iredell.... 



Sampson . 

Union 

Craven... 
Pamlico. - 
Moore . . . 



Warren 

Cleveland . 
Scotland . . 

Green 

Ashe 



Beaufort - 
Pender... 

Union 

Jackson . . 
Ashe 



Edgecombe. 

Nash 

Wayne 

Johnston 

Perquimans. 
Union 



Pitt 

Hertford 

Franklin 

Northampton- 
Bertie 



Popula- 
tion 



New Hanover. 

Davidson 

Yadkin 

Franklin 



272 
410 
215 
559 
224 



216 
468 
758 
606 

223 
124 
750 
474 
756 

180 
310 
401 
178 
120 

417 
217 

818 
142 
872 

959 

199 
349 
420 
790 

875 
835 
129 
596 
388 

712 

82 

818 

617 



PART III 
POLITICAL 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Chapter 3, Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, 
Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, 
Tyrrell, Washington. 

Second District — Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax, Lenoir, 
Northampton, Warren, Wilson. 

Third District — Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Pam- 
lico, Pender, Sampson, Wayne. 

Fourth District — Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, Nash, Randolph, 
Vance, Wake. 

Fifth District — Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, Rocking- 
ham, Stokes, Surry. 

Sixth District — Alamance, Durham, Guilford, Orange. 

Seventh District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, 
Harnett, New Hanover, Robeson. 

Eighth District — Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, Montgom- 
ery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Ninth District — Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabarrus, Cald- 
well, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly, Watauga. 

Tenth District — Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, 
Mitchell. 

Eleventh District — McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Cleveland, Gas- 
ton, Madison, Yancey. 

Twelfth District* — Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Hay- 
wood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain, Transylvania. 

JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Eastern Division 

First District — Camden, Gates, Currituck, Chowan, Pasquotank, 
Beaufort, Hyde, Dare, Perquimans, Tyrrell. 

Second District — Nash, Wilson, Edgecombe, Martin. Washing- 
ton. 



♦Created by the 1941 General Assembly. 

127 



128 North Carolina Manual 

Third District -Bevtie, Hertford, Northampton, Halifax, War- 
ren, Vance. 

Fourth District — Lee, Chatham, Johnston, Wayne, Harnett. 

Fifth District — Pitt, Craven, Carteret, Pamlico, Jones, Greene. 

Sixth District — Onslow, Duplin, Sampson, Lenoir. 

Seventh District — Wake, Franklin. 

Eighth District— Brunswick, Columbus, New Hanover, Pender. 

Ninth District — Robeson, Bladen, Hoke, Cumberland. 

Tejith District — Granville, Person, Alamance, Durham, Orange. 

Western Division 

Eleventh District — Ashe, Forsyth, Alleghany, 

Twelfth District — Davidson, Guilford. 

Thirteenth District — Richmond, Stanly, Union, Moore, Anson, 
Scotland. 

Fourteenth District — Mecklenburg, Gaston. 

Fifteenth District — Alexander, Montgomery, Randolph, Iredell, 
Cabarrus, Rowan. 

Sixteenth District — Catawba, Lincoln, Cleveland, Burke, Cald- 
well, Watauga. 

Seventeenth District— Awery, Davie, Mitchell, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Eighteenth District — McDowell, Transylvania, Yancey, Ruther- 
ford, Henderson, Polk. 

Nineteenth District — Buncombe, Madison. 

Tweyitieth District — Haywood, Swain, Cherokee, Macon, Gra- 
ham, Clay, Jackson. 

Twenty-first District— CasweU, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 

APPORTIONMENT OF SENATORS BY DISTRICTS IN 

ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1940 AND 

THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 225, Pubic Laws 1941) 

First District — Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, 
Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans counties shall elect two 
senators. 



District Divisions 129 

Second District — Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, Pamlico, Tyr- 
rell and Washington shall elect two senators. 

Third District — Noi-thanipton, Vance and Warren shall elect one 
senator. 

Fourth District — Edgecombe and Halifax shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Fifth District — Pitt shall elect one senator. 

Sixth District — Franklin, Nash and Wilson shall elect two 
senators. 

Seventh District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Lenoir and 
Onslow shall elect two senators. 

Eighth District — Johnston and Wayne shall elect two senators. 

Ninth District — Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson 
shall elect two senators. 

Tenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and Cumberland 
shall elect two senators. 

Eleventh District — Robeson shall elect one senator. 

Twelfth District — Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Randolph shall 
elect two senators. 

Thirteenth District — Chatham, Lee and Wake shall elect two 
senators. 

Fourteenth District — Durham, Granville and Person shall elect 
two senators. 

Fifteenth District — Caswell and Rockingham shall elect one 
senator. 

Sixteenth District — Alamance and Orange shall elect one sen- 
ator. 

Seventeenth District — Guilford shall elect one senator. 

Eighteenth District — Davidson, Montgomery, Richmond and 
Scotland shall elect two senators. 

Nineteenth District — Anson, Stanly and Union shall elect two 
senators. 

Twentieth District — Mecklenburg shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-first District — Cabarrus and Rowan shall elect two 
senators. 



130 North Carolina Manual 

Tu'cnty-second District— Forsyth shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-third District — Stokes and Suiry shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-fourth District — Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin shall elect 
one senator. 

Twenty-fifth District — Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln shall elect 
two senators. 

Twenty-sixth District — Gaston shall elect one senator. 

Twenty -seventh District — Cleveland, McDowell and Rutherford 
shall elect two senators. 

Twenty-eighth District — Alexander, Burke and Caldwell shall 
elect one senator. 

Ttventy-ninth District — Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga shall elect 
one senator. 

Thirtieth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell and Yancey shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirty-first District — Buncombe shall elect one senator. 

Thirty-second District— Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Polk and 
Transylvania shall elect two senators. 

Thirty-third District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Macon and 
Swain shall elect one senator. 



APPORTIONMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
REPRESENTATIVES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE 

CENSUS OF 1940 AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 112, Public Laws 1941) 



No of 
County Reps. 

Alamance 1 

Alexander 1 

Alleghany 1 

Anson 1 

Ashe 1 

Avery 1 

Beaufort 1 

Bertie 1 

Bladen 1 

Brunswick 1 

Buncombe 3 

Burke 1 

Cabarrus 2 

Caldwell 1 

Camden 1 

Carteret 1 



Caswell . 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland 
Columbus 



1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



Craven 1 

Cumberland 2 

Currituck 1 

Dare 1 

Davidson 1 

Davie 1 

Duplin 1 

Durham 2 

Edgecombe 1 

Forsyth ..,..,,. 3 



No of 
County Reps. 

Franklin 1 

Gaston 2 

Gates 1 

Graham 1 

Granville 1 

Greene 1 

Guilford 4 

Halifax 1 

Harnett 1 

Haywood 1 

Henderson 1 

Hertford 1 

Hoke 1 

Hyde 1 

Iredell 1 

Jackson 1 

Johnston 2 

Jones 1 

Lee 1 

Lenoir 1 

Lincoln 1 

Macon 1 

Madison 1 

Martin 1 

McDowell 1 

Mecklenburg .... 4 

Mitchell 1 

Montgomery .... 1 

Moore 1 

Nash 1 

New Hanover ... 1 
Northampton .... 1 

Onslow 1 

Orange ......... 1 



No. of 
Reps. 
1 



County 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 1 

Pender 1 

Perquimans 1 

Person 1 

Pitt 2 

Polk 1 

Randolph 1 

Richmond 1 

Robeson 2 

Rockingham 1 

Rowan 2 



Rutherford . 
Sampson ... 
Scotland ... 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union , 

Vance 



.. 1 
.. 1 
.. 1 
.. 1 
.. 1 
,. 1 
.. 1 
.. 1 
.. 1 
.. 1 
.. 1 
Wake 3 



Warren . . . 
Washington 
Watauga . . 
Wayne .... 

Wilkes 

Wilson .... 
Yadkin . . . 
Yancey . . . 



1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



J31 



state Democratic Platform For 1950 

The delegates of this convention, representing the Democratic 
voters of the one hundred counties, adopt the following declara- 
tion as the Platform of the Democratic Party of North Carolina 
for 1950. 

National Affairs 

We commend the national Democratic Administration and the 
progressive leadership which President Truman is giving to the 
nation in these troublous times. 

We specifically endorse the far-sighted and firm foreign policies 
of the Truman administration. We must continue to maintain 
strong defenses, to cooperate fully with the United Nations and 
to strengthen with appropriate assistance the democratic forces 
of the world. 

We have sent billions of dollars to the war torn Democracies 
of Europe in an effort to assist them to regain their rightful 
position among the Nations in trade and commerce, whereby they 
might gain sufficient strength to defend themselves against an at- 
tack from the enemies of Democracy in that Hemisphere. These 
Nations are our first line of defense against an attack from both 
Cold and Shooting war weapons. We have provided these Nations 
with arms, food, machinery, and credit. At the same time, we 
have imbued them with moral courage and stamina. The cost in 
dollars has been high but the purchase of freedom is without a 
price tag. It is priceless. 

We note with particular satisfaction the conspicuously useful 
roles which North Carolina Democrats are playing in the national 
administration. 

Congress 

We endorse the excellent records for patriotic and intelligent 
public service which the North Carolina members of the national 
Congress are making. No state is more fortunate in the charac- 
ters and calibers of the men who represent it in our national 
Congress. 

While we deplore high taxes, heavy debts, and deficits, which, 
for the most part, are due to the prosecution of the recent wars, 
our goal is a balanced budget, a curtailment of the National Debt 

J32 



Democratic Platform 133 

and without further increase in taxes. We urge upon our Mem- 
bers in Congress the attainment of these objectives. Let nothing 
short of National Disaster or National Defense deter them from 
these worthy peacetime objectives. 

General Assembly 

We commend the truly historic accomplishments of the 1949 
General Assembly. By its wise and statesmanlike actions, it broad- 
ened the services of the state t-o the people. 

The Scott Administration 

We endorse the vigorous and forward-looking administration 
which Governor Scott has provided and is continuing to provide. 

His secondary road program, when completed, will knit all parts 
of the state closer together and will contribute substantially to 
the convenience and prosperity of the rural population of the 
state. 

Only less deserving of commendation has been his deep and 
fruitful interest in the public schools. 

His administration has been characterized throughout by a 
statesinanlike determination to make more pleasant and produc- 
tive the lives of those who look to agriculture for their livelihoods 
and their ways of life. 

We commend him for his great faith and zeal in the prosecu- 
tion of public causes. 

Finances 

The Democratic Paity of North Carolina restates its unwaver- 
ing faith in sound fiscal policies. 

Taxes required to operate the Federal Government are high 
and heavy. Taxes to operate the State Government are high and 
numerous. Taxes for both Governments come from the same 
pockets. While the Federal Government is operating on deficit 
spending, the State Government cannot do so. The State Govern- 
ment must remain in a solvent condition. The budget must be 
kept balanced. Progress is never wisely served by a deficit. 

The Democratic Party is justly proud of the financial integrity 
of the State. The record of payment of its obligations is without 
blemish. Because of this record, its credit ranks A-1. In selling 
the recent road bonds, the very low interest rate received was 



134 North Carolina Manual 

due to our financial integrity built up and maintained with care 
services of the schools were strengthened. 

We commend the $50,000,000 state school building aid program 
v/hich the General Assembly approved and which the voters rati- 
fied by a decisive majority. The state appropriation has stimu- 
lated the gi'eatest school building program in the state's history. 
The administrative units have already provided more than $50,- 
000,000 of local funds to supplement the state appropriation. 

The 1949 General Assembly provided for the state institutions 
of hi^l■her learning the largest operating budgets in their his- 
tories. It added materially to their permanent improvement ap- 
propriations. 

The training of our children in the public schools continues to 
be the main business of the State Government, and the Democratic 
Party pledges to the cause of public education its continuing 
friendship and its enthusiastic support. 

The state school system must be strengthened and expanded as 
rapidly as the state's financial resources will permit. 

We note' with special concern the inadequacies of the school bus 
system which result from the inability or unwillingness of the 
individual counties to furnish the re^uii-ed number of additional 
buses. We believe that the State should assume the full responsi- 
bility of providing all buses and that the 1951 General Assembly 
should provide such additional funds as may be necessary to in- 
sure an adequate number of buses and to end the overloading and 
the other undesirable consequences of an insufficient bus system. 

In the field of Higher Education great strides of progress were 
made. Seventy-two million dollars of general fvind surplus were 
by successive Democratic Administrations. This record must be 
maintained. The Democratic Party pledges to the people that the 
financial aft'airs of the State shall remain in a solvent condition 
and every effort will be made to meet the increased demands for 
public services through greater efficiency and economy in govern- 
ment rather than by the imposition of new taxes. 

Education 

The 1949 General Assembly authorized the largest appropria- 
tion ever made for the support of the public school system and of 
the institutions of higher learning. 



Democratic Platform 135 

The salaries of the teachers and the other employed personnel 
were substantially increased. More teachers were provided to 
lighten the pupil load resting on the individual teacher. A school 
health program of inestimable value was instituted. The auxiliary 
appropriated by the last General Assembly for the construction of 
new buildings at the public institutions of the State. The consoli- 
dated universities received $24,000,000 in appropriations for this 
purpose. The teachers colleges, white and colored, received in ex- 
cess of $15,000,000 for new buildings. Almost $40,000,000 was thus 
appropriated for new buildings at the institutions for Higher Edu- 
cation in cur State. All of this money was from the general fund 
surplus. None of it was borrowed and no interest will have to be 
paid. 

The state's institutions of Higher Learning should receive from 
the 1951 General Assembly the most generous financial support 
that available revenues and a due regard to all of the needs of 
the State Gcvernment make possible. 

Highway Program 

Roads, both primary and secondary, are the vital arteries of a 
progressive and prosperous state. 

Governor Scott requested the General Assembly to give the 
people an opportunity to vote on $200,000,000 of bonds for build- 
ing secondary roads. The Legislature agreed. The bonds were 
voted and $125,000,000 have been received from the first two offers 
to the public. A very low interest rate was had on these bonds, 
which shews the esteem in which North Carolina is held in the 
financial marts of the world. The roads are now being built. 
When completed, this system of roads added to the previous ex- 
panded primary system of roads will give us more hardsurface 
roads under state control than any state in the Union. 

We commend the General Assembly, Governor Scott, the State 
Highway and Public Works Commission, and all persons who had 
any part in performing this great service for the people of the 
State. We pledge our undiminished support toward a wholly ade- 
quate highway system. 

We further commend the Scott Administration and the 
Highway Commission for important improvements made during 
the past year in the operation of the prison system. A first of- 



136 North Carolina Manual 

fender camp for youthful pi-isoners in Honoi' Grade has been 
established at Butner. Numerous improvements have been made 
in the prison farm program so that a great quantity of usable 
food is being produced at the Department's sixty farm units 
throughout the State. By stressing the need for economical and 
efficient management the Prison Department continues to operate 
within its allotted budget. 

Highway Safety 

The heavy accident toll on our highways is a matter of most 
pressing concern to every citizen of our State. Needless numbers 
of our people are losing their lives on the highways. We pledge 
our best efforts to make the highways safe to travel. We com- 
mend Governor Scott for being alert to this situation. We pledge 
a pi'ogram of additional safety measures designed to give further 
protections to the lives of our citizens while on the highways; and 
we commend the urgency of the problem to the constructive con- 
cern of the 1951 General Assembly. 

Agriculture 

Agriculture is a basic industry in North Carolina. Its pros- 
perity determines to a large degree the prosperity of the entire 
state. 

We know that a prosperous farming population is essential to 
all other prosperity in North Carolina. We have no big cities. We 
have many fine rural communities in all sections of the State. For 
our rural people to be happy and progressive, the Democratic 
Party has for a long time insisted on an improved agricultural 
"Know-how." W^e want to "know-how" to grow better crops than 
any of our neighboring states. We have insisted on having the 
best Agricultural and Technical Colleges in the South for the 
study of our farm problems. We are proud of our State Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. We point with pride to the work of the ex- 
tension service. 

The Democratic Party through its control of the State Govern- 
ment for a half-century has made material contributions to the 
stable prosperity of North Carolina agriculture. 

We acknowledge that much remains to be done, but we pledge 
our best effoi'ts to keep alert to the best methods of production 



Democratic Platform 137 

and marketing- and to keep our families well informed on the na- 
tional price support program. 

The success of the farm support program has been achieved 
entirely under Democratic Administrations. 

While on both the State and National levels, considerable prog- 
ress had been made, yet much remained to be done by way of en- 
riching the life of the farmer and his family. Better schools, more 
research on agricultural problems, better marketing, and in par- 
ticular, no statewide tax on land, are all conditions which must 
be met. The pace of progress must not be slackened. To help the 
farmer in meeting all of these conditions in order that he may 
have a more abundant living is our hope and our pledge. 

Public Welfare 

The Democratic Party has consistently supported a program 
for needed welfare services. During the biennium the State has 
continued to make progress in the public welfare field, reflecting 
the acceptance by the State of responsibility for the economic and 
social well-being of all groups of citizens. 

During the last General Assembly, by legislative enactment the 
State recognized its responsibility for all persons in economic need 
irrespective of special age groups. While we have moved ahead 
from year to year in the effort to provide more adequately for 
the needy aged and for dependent and neglected children, it is im- 
portant that we take the necessary steps fully to implement the 
provision for meeting needs of persons between 16 and 65 years 
of age by utilizing State funds to supplement county appropria- 
tions. Pending Federal legislation to strengthen public welfare 
should, when passed, be put into immediate effect. Federal, State 
and local cooperation is essential for raising average grants to 
needy people to an acceptable minimum standai'd throughout the 
State. 

It is worthy of note by the Democratic Party that its efforts 
through the years to broaden and strengthen public welfare serv- 
ices have not only added immeasurably to the well-being of our 
own people, but have also been recognized throughout the Nation 
so that today North Carolina is known as a leader in the field 
of public welfare. 



138 North Carolina Manual 

Public Recreation 

"All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." It should be 
interesting to the Democratic Party of North Carolina to note that 
our State is the first to provide for a State-supervised Recreation 
Program. This program of helping all classes and groups of our 
citizens to enjoy this supervised type of healthful recreation has 
brought wonderful results. Our people know that there is such 
a thing as supervised recreation. We are indebted to those who 
have spent time, talent and resources in the promotion of this 
program. The Democratic Party pledges its interest and support 
to all of our citizenship who have unselfishly organized and de- 
veloped this progiam and wishes happiness and contentment to 
those who share and profit by this program. 

Health 

North Carolina stands high among the states of the Union in 
the provisions which it makes for public health. We have an 
efficient Board of Health and a Hospital and Medical Care Pro- 
gram which has already established its truly indispensable value. 

One of the definite achievements of the Democratic Party has 
been its vigorous promotion of the State's public health program, 
particularly in the field of preventing diseases. Remarkable prog- 
ress has been made in the prevention and treatment of tubercu- 
losis. When the $8,000,000 building program for tubercular sana- 
toria is completed next year, we expect waiting lists to be done 
away with, and patients admitted for treatment on the same day 
cases are diagnosed. 

We, of the Democratic Party, feel that we must enlarge rather 
than contract our support of our public health activities. In the 
furtherance of this program many patriotic citizens, men and 
women, have given of their best time and talent and when the 
results of just a few future years have become revealed, there will 
be a source of added satisfaction to those who have participated 
and a genuine feeling of pride to the entire citizenship of the 
State. 

Mental Institutions 

The 1949 General Assembly acted with commendable wisdom in 
providing increased facilities and operating funds for the State's 



Democratic Platform 139 

mental institutions. The care now available to our mentally sick 
citizens is of the highest professional standards. We must do more 
rather than less for our mental hospitals. 

The last two General Assemblies have appropriated substantially 
increased sums for the housing and treatment of our mentally 
sick. In fact, more money has been appropriated for new build- 
ings at these institutions than had been spent on the construction 
of the institutions from the beginning. When this full program 
has been completed, we will approach adequacy in the housing and 
treatment of this unhappy and unfortunate segment of our pop- 
ulation. 

We heartily commend the General Assemblies and those who 
have been responsible for advancing this great program for the 
benefit of those who have no spokesman to stand and plead their 
cause at the time and place when others are seeking appropria- 
tions. There is no alumni association to promote this group. The 
heart of the great Democratic Party is their advocate and our 
Party will always be filled with compassion for the cause of our 
mentally sick. 

Labor 

A large segment of our non-farm population earn their living 
in factories. Some of the finest men and women in our State 
are wage earners, and occupy responsible positions in their plants 
and communities. About 400,000 of them are taxpayers of the 
State and Nation. They have added greatly to the income of the 
State through increased value added by manufacturing. 

The Democratic Party is the friend of the laboring man. The 
Party has pledged its support to every enterprise tending to im- 
prove the conditions surrounding his place of work, and in bring- 
ing about safeguards against the hazards of his occupation. 

The Democratic Party has been anxious for peace and har- 
mony to prevail between Labor and Management. It has insisted 
on the Department of Labor exercising its good offices in concilia- 
tory services. 

We are happy to state that the relations between management 
and laboi- in North Carolina are unusually friendly and coopera- 
tive. They have been during the past two years relatively few 
strikes. The services rendered by the State Department of Labor 



140 North Carolina Manual 

have been capable and helpful. The Democratic Party, always 
the friend of labor, pledges its fullest support of the proper de- 
mands of those who contribute to the State's prosperity with their 
skills and exertion. 

Conservation and Development 

The State Board of Conservation and Development has been 
competently active in promoting the development of the toui'ist 
industry, in attracting new businesses to the State, in protecting 
our forest wealth from destruction by fire and in conserving our 
natural resources from unwise depletion. We commend its efficient 
services and pledge to its activities our enthusiastic support. 

We have much to conserve, but more to develop than perhaps 
any other Southern State with great natural resources. 

On the Coast we have two potentially great harbors. The 
General Assembly of 1949 made provision for $7,500,000 in bonds 
for the development of these harbors. If and when the Ports 
are fully developed, we shall see a great flow of exports and im- 
ports, greatly to the benefit of trade and commerce in the State. 

In the first half of this century, North Carolina has risen in 
industrial rank from the bottom to the top among the states of 
the Southeast. We are now recognized as the leading state of 
the New South. The Democratic Party is vitally interested in 
maintaining and enhancing this position. The location of each 
new factory provides more jobs and greater purchasing power 
for our people. It is the desire and pledge of the Democratic 
Party to maintain in North Carolina an attractive and whole- 
some atmosphere for those with investment capital who would 
come to North Carolina and live in our midst. 

We pledge our best efforts to provide here in North Carolina 
the best balance between Tourist, Agriculture and Industry to be 
found anywhere. 

Telephones 

In North Carolina, there are in excess of 500,000 telephones or 
one phone for each 8 persons in our population. There are still 
pending several thousand applications for additional phones. We 
believe that those phones are being installed as reasonably rapidly 
as equipment and personnel make it feasible to fill the orders. 



Democratic Platform 141 

Governor Scott has been very active in pushing the telephone 
companies to give expanded service, and the Utilities Commis- 
sion has been diligent in its effoi'ts to assist in extending this 
service. 

We commend the Governor, the Utilities Commission, and others 
who have w^orked together in bringing this highly desirable utility 
within the leach of more and moi^e of our people. 

Rural Electrification 

Starting in 1935 with only 4 per cent of our farms having 
electricity the General Assembly of that year passed the Rural 
Electrification Act. Fi-om then until now there has been a 
constant increase in the number of farms with electricity. Today 
about 85 per cent of all the farms in our State which desire elec- 
tric current have received it. Lights and power are available 
at the push of a button almost everywhere you may go within 
the borders of North Carolina. We pledge to continue the efforts 
of Governor Scott and those who have gone before in the ex- 
pansion of this service until all of our people have been fully 
served. 

General 

The State Government is the lai-gest enterprise in North Caro- 
lina. It has thousands of employees. Its activities reach benefi- 
cently into the life of every citizen and into every region of the 
State. This vast business is efficiently and honestly administered 
in all of its parts. We commend the record for competent and 
useful service which these thousands of State servants are mak- 
ing. 

Since we met in convention two years ago, two great North 
Carolinians — J. Melville Broughton and J. C. B. Ehringhaus — 
have passed away. They served their State and Party well. They 
will be sorely missed in our councils. 

Fifty years ago, the people of North Carolina returned the 
Democratic Party to power after a brief and unhappy interlude 
of Republican control. By serving the people honestly and ca- 
pably, the Democratic Party has grown in numbers and in the 
confidence of the people. It is upon this half-century of accom- 
plishment that the Democratic Party appeals once more for the 
votes of confidence of the people of North Carolina. 



142 North Carolina Manual 

Yes — the Demociatic Party as the champion of progress has 
given the people of North Carolina fifty years of increasing 
service. In appreciation of this trust from the great majority 
of the people of our State, we again renew our pledge of con- 
tinued service to make living in North Carolina a privilege and 
fortunate experience. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

State and District Committees 

Section 1. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall 
consist of nine men and nine women from each congressional dis- 
trict in the State, who shall be elected at the preliminary meet- 
ing's of delegates from the congressional districts, held on the 
morning of the State Convention as provided in Section 29 here- 
of; provided, however, that every county shall have at least one 
member on the Committee. 

Sec. 2. As early as is practicable after each state convention, 
the Chairman shall call the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee to meet for the purpose of electing a chairman and a vice 
chairman, one of whom shall be a woman, and each of whom shall 
serve for a term of two years, and until his or her successor 
shall be elected. 

Sec. 3. The Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, as early as practicable after his election, shall appoint his 
advisory or campaign committee, consisting of not less than five 
nor more than twenty, and a secretary of the State Democi'atic 
Executive Committee. 

Sec. 4. The Congressional Democratic Executive Committee 
for each congressional district in the State shall consist of two 
members from each county in said district, who shall be elected 
at the Preliminary meetings of delegates from the congressional 
districts held on the morning of the State Convention as provided 
by Section 29 hereof; provided, however, that in any congres- 
sional district embracing less than five counties, the committee 
shall consist of three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 5. The Judicial Democratic Executive Committee for each 
judicial district in the State shall consist of two members from 
each county in said district, who shall be elected at the prelim- 
inary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held 
on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Section 
29 hereof; provided, however that in any judicial district embrac- 
ing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of three 
members from each county in the district. 

143 



144 



State Congrej 




nal Districts 



145 




146 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 5-A. The Solicitorial Democratic Executive Committee 
for each solicitorial district in the State shall consist of two 
members from each county in said district, who shall be elected 
at the preliminary meetings of delegates from the congressional 
districts held on the morning of the State Convention as provided 
by Section 29, hereof; provided, however that in any solicitorial 
district embracing less than five counties, the committee shall 
consist of three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 6. The State Senatorial Executive Committee for each 
senatorial district in the State which comprises more than one 
county shall consist of one member from each county in said dis- 
trict, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of dele- 
gates from the congressional districts held on the morning of the 
State Convention as provided by Section 29 hereof. In districts 
composed of only one county, the county democratic executive 
committee of said county shall have jurisdiction as in the matter 
of county candidates. 

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the State Dem- 
ocratic Executive Committee, as soon as practicable after the 
State Convention, to designate one member as chairman and one 
member as secretary of each of the executive committees provided 
for in each of the foregoing four sections. The State Chairman 
shall notify the members so selected of their appointment, and 
in case any member shall fail or decline to accept such appoint- 
ment, he shall appoint some other member in his stead. 

Sec. 8. All democratic executive committees shall meet at such 
times and places as the chairman of the respective committees 
may appoint and designate in the call. If for any reason there 
should occur a vacancy in the chairmanship of any executive 
committee, or if such chairman should be incapacitated or should 
fail or refuse to act, the secretary shall call a meeting of said 
executive committee for the purpose of electing a successor to 
the said chairman. If no meeting shall be called within five days 
after such vacancy occurs, then any other officer of said executive 
committee, or any three members thereof, may call a meeting to 
fill said vacancy; provided, however, if such vacancy shall be 
in a state senatorial executive committee, in that event, any mem- 
ber thereof after said vacancy shall have existed for five days, 
may call a meeting to fill such vacancy. 



Plan of Organization 147 

Sec. 9. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall have 
the power to fill all vacancies occurring in said committee; va- 
cancies occurring in congressional, judicial, and senatorial com- 
mittees shall be filled by the executive committee of the county 
in which such vacancies occur; precinct committees shall fill all 
vacancies occurring in their respective committee. 

Sec. 10. All officers of the State Executive Committee and the 
National Committeeman and the National Committeewoman from 
the State and the President of the Young Democratic Clubs of 
the State shall be ex-officio members of the Committee with the 
power to vote. 

Sec. 11. All executive committees shall have the power to ap- 
point subcommittees or special committees for such purposes and 
with such powers, in their respective jurisdictions, as may be 
deemed necessary or desirable. 

Sec. 12. In each election year the Chairman of the State Dem- 
ocratic Executive Committee shall convene said Committee in the 
City of Raleigh on or before the 10th day of March, and at said 
meeting the following business shall be transacted : 

(a) The time and place of holding the State Convention shall 
be determined and duly published. 

(b) A common day shall be fixed, on which all precinct meet- 
ings shall be held for the election of delegates to the county con- 
ventions. 

(c) A common day shall be fixed for the holding of a county 
convention in each county in the State for the purpose of elect- 
ing delegates to the State Convention. 

Sec. 13. Immediately after the adjournment of the aforesaid 
meeting of the State Democratic Executive Committee, it shall 
be the duty of the chairman to publish the proceedings of the 
same, and it shall be the duty of the secretary of the committee 
to notify, in writing, the several chairmen of the county, demo- 
cratic executive committees in the State of the respective dates 
so fixed for the holding of precinct meetings and county conven- 
tions. Directly after receipt of such notice, it shall be the duty 
of each chairman of a county democratic executive committee in 
the State to fix the hour and places for holding the precinct 
meetings in his county, the hour and place for holding the meet- 
ing of the county democratic executive committee required by 



148 North Carolina Manual 

the provisions of Section 20 to be held on the day of the county 
convention; and thereupon the said chairman shall issue a call 
for the precinct meetings, the county convention, and the meet- 
ing of the county democratic executive committee. The call shall 
be in writing and, at least ten days before the day set for the 
precinct meetings, it shall be posted at the courthouse door of 
the county and copies thereof shall be sent to the chairmen of 
all precinct committees in the county; a copy of the call also 
shall be sent as a news item to each newspaper published in the 
county. 

County and Precinct Organization 

Sec. 14. The unit of county organization shall be the voting- 
precinct. In each precinct there shall be an executive committee 
consisting of five active Democrats, at least two of whom shall 
be women, who shall be elected by the Democratic voters at the 
precinct meeting called by the chairman of the county democratic 
executive committee as provided in this plan of organization. 
The precinct committee so elected shall elect from its member- 
ship a chairman and a vice chairman, one of whom shall be 
a woman. 

Sec. 15. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the 
chairman of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice 
chairman of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of 
both the chairman and the vice chairman, any member of the 
committee may preside. 

Sec. 16. At the said precinct meeting, the Democratic voters 
in attendance shall elect delegates and alternates to represent 
the precinct in the county convention; and said delegates or 
alternates, or such of them as shall attend the county convention, 
shall be entitled to vote the full democratic strength of their 
precinct upon all questions, nominations, or elections which may 
come before the county convention. The chairman, or presiding 
officer, and the secretary of the precinct meeting shall certify 
to the county convention the names of the delegates and alter- 
nates selected at the meeting. 

Sec. 17. Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county 
convention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote 
for fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for 



Plan of Organization 14'J 

Governor at the last preceding gubernational election: provided 
that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in 
the county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many 
delegates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said pre- 
cinct may be entitled in the county convention. 

Sec. 18. At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall 
be taken on the different questions, nominations, and elections 
anticipated to come before the county convention, and in that 
event, the chairman or presiding officer and the secretai'y of the 
precinct meeting shall certify to the county convention the vote 
so cast, and the relative vote as fixed in the precinct meeting 
shall not be changed in the county convention, except by two- 
thirds vote of the entire unit of delegates desiring to change 
its vote. 

Sec. 19. In case there shall be a failure to hold a precinct 
meeting in pursuance of the call of the chairman of the county 
democratic executive committee, or if at any meeting there shall 
be a failure to elect delegates to the county convention, in either 
event, the precinct democratic executive committee shall appoint 
the delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the 
precinct. 

Sec. 20. The chairman of the several precinct committees shall 
compose the County Democratic Executive Committee, which shall 
meet on the same day as the county convention first held in each 
election year, the meeting to be held either before or after the 
convention at an hour and place to be designated in the call 
issued in pursuance of Section 13 hereof. At said meeting a 
chairman of said county executive committee shall be elected. 
Immediately after the election of the chairman, the committee 
shall elect one or more, but not exceeding three, vice chairmen, 
and also a secretary. If more than one vice chairman shall be 
elected, the order of their succession shall be designated by title, 
e.g., first vice chairman, second vice chairman, third vice chair- 
man. Either the chairman or the first vice chairman shall be a 
woman. The chairman, vice chairman or vice chairmen, or sec- 
retary need not be members of the County Democratic Executive 
Committee, but all of said officers shall be ex-officio members of 
the committee, with the power to vote, however, at any organiza- 



150 North Carolina Manual 

tional meeting- of said County Democratic Executive Committee 
said ex-officio members shall not have the power to vote. If for 
any reason there should occur any vacancy in the chairmanship 
of a county executive committee, by death, resignation, or re- 
moval, or if such chairman should be incapacitated or should 
fail or refuse to act, then the vice chairman or vice chairmen, 
in their order of succession, and thereafter the secretary, shall, 
in such order of succession, be vested with the full authority and 
power of the chairman until such time as said county executive 
committee has met and duly elected a successor to such chair- 
man. A majority of said precinct chairmen, in person or by 
proxy in the person of some active Democrat of the precinct in 
which an absent chairman resides, shall constitute a quorum. 
The county executive committee may appoint a central com- 
mittee of five who shall act in its stead when the county execu- 
tive committee is not in session. 

Sec. 21. In case there shall be a failure to elect any precinct 
executive committee prior to the day of the county convention, 
the county democratic executive committee at its meeting held 
on the day of the said convention shall appoint the committee 
for such precinct. 

Sec. 22. The county executive committee shall have power to 
make any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which 
it may deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed 
in this plan ; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare 
and furnish all forms and blanks needed in making the returns 
from said precinct meetings, and any reported challenges and 
appeals therefrom ; and it shall have the power to raise the funds 
necessary to pay the expenses thereof. 

Sec. 23. All county conventions shall be called to order by 
the chairman of the executive committee of such county, and in 
his absence, by the vice chairman or by one of the vice chairmen 
in the order of succession set out in Section 20 hereof, and in 
his or their absence, by any member of the county executive com- 
mittee who may be present at the convention, and in case none 
of the foregoing persons shall be present, then by any delegate 
to the convention, and he shall preside until a permanent chair- 
man is elected by the convention. 



Plan of Organization 151 

Sec. 24. The chairman shall provide the convention with a 
sufficient number of secretaries or ready accountants, who shall 
reduce the votes to decimals and tabulate the same, disregard- 
ing- all fractions after the second or hundreth column. 

Sec. 25. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the conven- 
tion from making nominations by viva voce or acclamation where 
a vote by township or precinct is not demanded by any Demo- 
cratic elector present. 

Sec. 26. The county democratic executive committee shall have 
the power to make such other rules and regulations for the hold- 
ing of county conventions not inconsistent hei'ewith, as may be 
deemed necessary or expedient. 

Sec. 27. Any chairman of a county executive committee who 
announces his candidacy for an elective office in the primary 
shall resign immediately as such chairman and the vacancy shall 
be filled as heretofore provided; but any chairman who shall so 
resign may be reelected to such chainnanship if and when a 
vacancy occurs after the primary. 

State Convention Rules 

Sec. 28. The state convention shall be composed of delegates 
appointed by the several county conventions. Each county in the 
State shall be entitled to elect to the state convention one dele- 
gate and one alternate for every 150 Democratic votes and one 
delegate and one alternate for fractions over 75 Democratic votes 
cast therein for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial 
election. 

Sec. 29. A preliminary meeting of the delegates shall be held 
by each congressional district on the morning of the state con- 
vention, at rooms to be designated by the State Executive Com- 
mittee, for the purpose of selecting the following committees and 
officers of the convention : 

1. One member of the committee on Resolutions and Plat- 
form. 

2. One member of the committee on Permanent Organization, 
Rules, and Order of Business, which committee will nominate a 
permanent president and secretary of the convention. 

3. One vice president of the convention. 

4. One district assistant secretary. 



152 North Carolina Manual 

5. One member of the committee on Credentials and Appeals. 

6. Nine men and nine women as members of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, with at least one member being se- 
lected from each county. 

7. Two members from each county for the congressional, ju- 
dicial, and solicitorial district, democratic executive committees; 
provided, however, in districts embracing less than five counties, 
three members of each said committee shall be elected from each 
county in said district. 

8. One member for each county of the State Senatorial Execu- 
tive Committee where the district embraces more than one county. 

Sec. 30. Such delegates (or alternates of absent delegates) as 
may be present at any democratic convention shall be allowed to 
cast the whole vote to which their precinct or county may be 
entitled. 

Sec. 31. In all conventions provided for by this plan, after a 
vote is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until the final 
result of the ballot shall be announced by the chairman of said 
convention. 

Sec. 32. The chairman of the different county conventions shall 
certify the list of delegates and alternates to the State Conven- 
tion, and a certified list of said delegates and alternates to the 
secretary of the State Executive Committee. 

Sec. 33. The secretary of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee shall make up a I'oll of all delegates and alternates from 
the several counties and transmit the same to the chairman of the 
state convention. 

Sec. 34. In all conventions a nomination may be made by any 
majority, even though it be a fraction of a vote. 

Sec. 35. In all state conventions it shall be the duty of the 
delegates from the several counties to choose one of their number 
chairman, whose name shall be reported to the president of such 
convention, and whose duty it shall be to cast the vote of his 
county as directed, and the vote as announced by him shall be 
recorded unless some delegate from that county shall challenge its 
accuracy, in which event it shall be the duty of the president of 
the convention to cause the roll of delegates from that county to 
be called, when the vote of such county shall be tabulated and re- 
corded accoiding to the response of its delegates; but in no event 



Plan of Organization 153 

shall the vote of one county be challenged by a delegate from 
another county. 

Rotation of State Senators in Districts Composed of 
More than One County 

Sec. 36. That in all State Senatorial Districts composed of 
more than one county, in which it has been the custom to concede 
the right to nominate a senator to one county of the district, by a 
plan of rotation or otherwise, and in which such plan was fol- 
lowed in the Primary Election of 1936, the same shall remain in 
full force and effect until terminated as herein provided. 

The executive committees of the several counties composing 
such Senatorial District may hereafter adopt a plan for the nomi- 
nation of candidates for the State Senate by one or more counties 
composing such district, but such plan shall not be effective until 
the executive committee of each of the counties composing the dis- 
trict shall, by a majority vote, approve such plan and file with 
the chairman of the State Executive Committee a copy of the 
resolution approving the same. The agreement in any senatorial 
district composed of only two counties may be terminated by a 
majority vote of the county executive committee of any one of the 
counties and in districts of more than two counties by a majority 
vote of each of the executive committees of at least two counties, 
provided that notice of the termination of such agreement must 
be filed with the chairman of the State Executive Committee at 
least 120 days in advance of the date of the primary election at 
which the candidates for the General Assembly are to be nomi- 
nated. The chairman of the State Executive Committee shall 
promptly notify the State Board of Elections of all such agree- 
ments and of the termination thereof. 

Nomination of Candidates for County and Township Offices and 
for the General Assembly in Counties Not Under Primary Law 

Sec. 37. In all counties in which the selection of candidates for 
members of the General Assembly and county and township offices 
is not provided for by the primary law, nominations shall be made 
in the following manner: 

(a) The county democratic executive committee shall meet and 
set a time and place for holding a county convention for the nomi- 



154 North Carolina Manual 

nation of candidates for the aforesaid offices, and shall also set 
the time and places for holding the necessary preliminary precinct 
meetings, and thereupon the chairman of the county executive 
committee shall issue a call for the precinct meetings and the 
county convention, notice of which call shall be sent to the precinct 
officials and published in such manner and form as shall be di- 
rected by the said county executive committee. 

(b) At the meeting held in each precinct in pursuance of said 
notice, delegates and alternates to represent it in the county con- 
vention shall be elected from the body of the Democratic voters of 
the precinct; and said delegates or alternates, or such of them as 
shall attend the county convention shall be entitled to vote the full 
Democratic strength of their precinct in the nomination of candi- 
dates and upon all questions which may come before said county 
convention. 

If there is a failure to hold a precinct meeting in pursuance 
of said notice, or if said meeting shall fail to elect delegates to 
represent it in said convention, the precinct executive committee 
shall appoint delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters 
of the precinct. 

(c) Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county con- 
vention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote for 
fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for Gov- 
ernor at the last preceding gubernatorial election: provided that 
every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the 
county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many dele- 
gates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three dele- 
gates and three alternates for each vote to which said precinct 
may be entitled in the county convention. 

(d) The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chair- 
man of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chair- 
man of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both 
the chairman and vice chairman, any member of the committee 
may preside. 

(e) The county executive committee shall have power to make 
any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it may 
deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this 
plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and furnish 
all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said pre- 



Plan of Organization 155 

cinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals therefrom. 
Appointment of Democratic Members of County Board of Elections 

Sec. 38. The chairman of the Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee in each county shall, before submitting to the State Chair- 
man recommendations as to Democratic members of the county 
Board of Elections in such county, call a meeting of the democratic 
executive committee of the county and submit such recommen- 
dations for the approval of the executive committee, and only when 
such recommendations are approved by a majority of the com- 
inittee present, shall same be submitted to the State Chairman by 
the county chairman. The time of such meeting of the respective 
county executive committees for the purpose of passing on such 
recommendations shall be fixed by the State Chairman. 

Miscellaneous Provisions 

Sec. 39. In the several counties of the State where primaries 
are provided for by law, whether optional or mandatory, this plan 
of organization shall nevertheless be followed in all matters not 
inconsistent with such laws. 

Sec. 40. In the nomination of candidates for municipal offices 
to be voted for in any town or city election, where the same is not 
controlled by charter or legislative enactment, a municipal demo- 
cratic executive committee may be created for the purpose of facil- 
itating the orderly selection of such candidates. The committee 
shall be composed of five residents of the municipality, at least 
two of whom shall be women, to be elected biennially at a meet- 
ing of all members of the regular precinct executive committee 
or committees who reside in the municipality, the meeting to be 
called and presided over by the chairman of the county democratic 
executive committee. It shall be the sole function of any municipal 
democratic executive committee created under the provisions of 
this section to supervise and direct the selection of candidates for 
municipal offices and in so doing, the committee shall follow in 
principle the procedure set out in Section 37 hereof, and to that 
end, the committee may formulate such rules and regulations as 
may be deemed necessary, practicable, and fair in applying in 
principle the procedure set out in said Section 37. The committee 
shall elect from its membership a chairman and vice chairman, 
one of whom shall be a woman; and all vacancies in membership 
shall be filled by the committee. 



156 North Carolina Manual 

Filling Vacancies Among Candidates and Selecting 
Candidates in Special Elections 

Sec. 41. In the event any person nominated as a candidate of 
the democratic party for a state office shall die, resign, or for any 
reason become ineligible or disqualified between the date of nomi- 
nation and the ensuing general election, the vacancy caused there- 
by shall be filled by the action of the state executive committee; 
in the event of such vacancy in the case of a district office (ex- 
cept in a state senatorial district operating under a rotation agree- 
ment which concedes the candidate for senator or one of the can- 
didates for senator to one county), the vacancy shall be filled by 
the action of the executive committee for such district; and in 
the event of such vacancy in the case of a county office, or the 
house of representatives, or the state senate in a district composed 
either of only one county or of two or more counties operating 
under a rotation agreement which concedes the candidate for sena- 
tor or any one of the candidates for senator to one county, in 
either of said events, the vacancies shall be filled by action of the 
county executive committee of the county wherein such vacancy 
occurs; provided, that should a vacancy occur in any office after a 
nomination has been made, or if a special election shall be ordered 
to fill a vacancy either in the Congress of the United States or in 
the General Assembly of North Carolina, in any or either of said 
event or events, a nomination shall be made by the appropriate 
committee in like manner as hereinbefore provided. Any nomina- 
tion made under the provisions of this section shall be certified 
immediately by the chairman and secretary of the nominating 
committee to the board or boards of elections. State or county, 
having the responsibility of printing and distributing the ballots 
on which the name of the nominee shall appear. 

Sec. 42. The right of appeal shall lie from any subordinate com- 
mittee or convention to the committee or convention next superior 
thereto, and in all county or state conventions appeals shall be 
first referred to the committee on Credentials and Appeals, or a 
special committee provided by the convention, and the findings and 
reports of such committee had before action thereon by the con- 
vention. 

Sec. 43. It shall be the duty of the county executive committees 
and their chairmen to make such reports and furnish such infor- 



Plan of Organization 157 

mation to the chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee and chairman of the several district committees as the said 
State and district chairmen may desire. 

Sec. 43-A. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall ap- 
point a committee of three whose duty it shall be to audit, not less 
frequently than biennially, the financial accounts and balances of 
the Committee. 

Amendments to Plan of Organization 

Sec. 44. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall, by a 
majority vote of the full committee, have power to amend this 
plan of organization. 

The foregoing is the plan of organization of the Democratic 
party of North Carolina as adopted by the State Democratic Exec- 
utive Committee, at a meeting held in the City of Raleigh on the 
5th day of March, 1918, together with all amendments thereto up 
to and including a special meeting of said committee held in the 
City of Raleigh on May 11, 1950. 

B. EVERETT JORDAN, 

Chairman. 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(From list furnished by Secretary, State Democratic 
Executive Committee) 

State Democratic Executive Committee 

1950 

OFFICERS 

Chairman Everett Jordan 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. D. A. McCormick 

Secretary H. Clifton Blue 

Committees 
First District 

Beaufort S. M. Blount Washington 

Beaufort Elizabeth Warren Washington 

Camden Mrs. Annie Forbes Shawboro 

Chowan T. C. B yrum Edenton 

Currituck Mrs. Dudley Bagley ." Moyock 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Gates A. P. Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Hertford D. C. Barnes ; Murfreesboro 

Hyde Mrs. S. M. Gibbs Swan Quarter 

Martin Hugh Horton Williamston 

Martin Mrs. E. S. Peele .- Williamston 

Pasquotank Alton Aydlett Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. Treva Pendleton '. Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Mrs. Jack Kanoy Hertford 

Pitt Mrs. W. I. Bissette Grifton 

Pitt Dr. Paul Jones Farmville 

Tyrrell Mrs. Earl Cohoon Columbia 

Washington Carl Bailey Plymouth 

Second District 

Bertie W. B. Hoggard Aulander 

Bertie Mrs. C. W. Beasley Colerain 

Edgecombe Harold A. Braswell Whitakers 

Edgecombe Henry C. Bourne Tarboro 

Edgecombe Mrs. J. W. Sexton Tarboro 

Greene Earl Lang Walstonburg 

Greene Geo. W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Greene Mrs. E. A. Rasberry Snow Hill 

Halifax - A.J. Jones, Jr Tillery 

Halifax Mrs. Vernon Mohon Littleton 

Lenoir Merriwether Lewis Kinstnn 

Lenoir Mrs. Verde Noble Deep Run 

Northampton H. L. Joyner Jackson 

Northampton Mrs. R. J. White Conway 

Warren John H. Kerr, Jr Warrenton 

Warren Mrs. W. D. Rodgers Warrenton 

Wilson Mrs. Everette Blake Wilson 

Wilson Luke Lamb Wilson 

Third District 

Carteret C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. Clayton Fulcher, Sr , . . Atlantic 

Craven Norris C. Reed, Jr New Bern 

Craven Miss Leonora Carawan Raleigh 

Duplin Rivers D. Johnson, Sr Warsaw 

158 



State Committees, Democratic 159 



Duplin Mrs. Guy V. Gooding Kenaiisville 

Jones W. M. Whitalier ; Trenton 

Jones Mrs. John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Onslow John D. Warlick Jacksonville 

Onslow : .Mrs. E. W. Summersill Jacksonville 

Pamlico T. B. Woodard Bayboro 

Pamlico Mrs. Sadie Lupton Bayboro 

Pender CUfton L. Moore Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. Vivian Whitfield Burgaw 

Sampson Henry Vann Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. Jack Poole Clinton 

Wayne J. Faison Thompson Goldsboro 

Wajme Mrs. Hugh Dorteh Goldsboro 

Fourth District 

Chatham Walter D. Siler Siler City 

Chatham Mrs. Margaret Sharpe Star Rt., Chapel Hill 

Franklin Edward Griffin Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. Eva Person R-2, Louisburg 

Johnston Adam Whitley Smithfield 

Johnston Mrs. Norman Johnson R-2, Benson 

Nash 0. B, Moss Spring Hope 

Nash Miss Bessie Bunn Rocky Mount 

Nash Ben H. Neville Whitakers 

Randolph E. D. Cranford Asheboro 

Randolph Mrs. S. J. Burrow, Jr Asheboro 

Vance A. A. Bunn Henderson 

Vance Mrs. B. A. Scott Henderson 

Wake L. S. Brassfield Raleigh 

Wake Sherwood Brockwell Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. Wm. T. Hatch Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. E. L. Sheron R-3, Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Caswell D. E. Scarborough Yancey ville 

Caswell Mrs. John Woods Blanche 

Forsyth Mrs. D. M. Winecoff Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Miss Florence Nance Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Jack Covington Rural Hall 

Granville C. E. Lyon Creedmoor 

Granville N. E. Cannady O.xford 

Granville Mrs. D. G. Brummitt Oxford 

Person F. D. Long Roxboro 

Person Claude HaU Roxboro 

Rockingham E. S. Powell Reidsville 

Rockingham D. Floyd Osborne Leaksville 

Rockingham Mrs. Lois Johnson Mayodan 

Stokes E. M. Taylor Danbury 

Stokes Miss Laura Ellington Sandy Ridge 

Surry J. Pate Fulk Pilot Mountain 

Surry William Allen Elkin 

Surry... Mrs. J. R. Smith Mt. Airy 

Sixth D.strict 

Alamance A.M. Carroll Burlington 

Alamance E. T. Sanders Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. John Vernon, Sr Burlington 

Alamance H. J. Rhodes Burlington 

Durham R. T. Sanders Durham 

Durham J. S. Stewart Durham 

Durham S. E. Blane Durham 

Durham Bascom T. Baynes Durham 

Durham J. Leshe Atkins, Jr Durham 

Guilford 0. A. Kirkman High Point 

Guilford Mrs. Joe Dobson High Point 

Guilford Niel Ward R-6, Greensboro 



ino North Carolina Manual 



Ciuilford \V. 0. Bowman Brown Summitt 

( "luilford CM. Vanstory, Jr ( ireensboro 

Ciuilford E. D. Broadhurst (ireensboro 

(Juilford Mrs. Marion Y. Keith Greensboro 

Orange R. O. Forrest Hillsboro 

Orange Mrs. R. P. McClamroek Chapel Hill 

Seventh District 

Bladen James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Bladen Mrs. George Curry Clarkton 

Bladen Mrs. E. F. McCullock Elizabeth town 

Brunswick W. J. McLamb Shallotte 

Brunswick Mrs. R. H. Holden Shallotte 

Columbus \V. A. Thompson Hallsboro 

Columbus Miss Sally Horton Whiteville 

Cumberland Wilbur Clark Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Chas. M. Meekin Fayetteville 

Cumberland Miss Sally W. Tomlinson Fayetteville 

Harnett Duncan C. Wilson Dunn 

Harnett Herman Halloway Fuquay Springs 

Harnett Mrs. W. E. Nichols Coats 

New Hanover C. B. Kornegay Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. T. J. Cause ^ Wilmington 

New Hanover : Murray James Wilmington 

Robeson Mrs. A. B. McRae Rowland 

Robeson Dixon McLean Lumberton 

Eighth District 

.\iison James A. Hardison Wadesboro 

Davie George H. Shutt Mocksville 

Davidson Miss Vere G. Phillips Thomasville 

Davidson J. F. Spruill Lexington 

Hoke J. B. Thomas Raeford 

Lee J. C. Pittman Sanford 

Lee Mrs. W. R. Wilhams Sanford 

Moore Mrs. Lessie Brown Carthage 

Montgomery Mrs. Geo. T. McAuley Mt. Gilead 

Richmond J. Thomas Page, Sr Rockingham 

Richmond Mrs. Archie McDougald Haiilet 

Scotland James R. McKenzie Laurinburg 

Scotland Mrs. Edwin P. Gibson Laurel Hill 

Union J. Hampton Price Monroe 

Union Mrs. W. R. Steele Waxhaw 

Wilkes Miss Zell Harris Roaring River 

Wilkes C. C. Faw, Sr N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Mrs. Earl Stryker Yadkinville 

Ninth District 

Alexander L. P. Zachary Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. R. E. Current Taylorsville 

Alleghany Floyd Crouse Sparta 

Alleghany Mrs. Edna Thompson Sparta 

Ashe Ira Johnston Jefferson 

Ashe Mrs. Elizabeth Hensley W. Jefferson 

Cabarrus J. Lee White Concord 

Cabarrus Mrs. H. B. Robertson Concord 

Caldwell Claude Siler Lenoir 

Caldwell Mrs. Margaret Moore Lenoir 

Iredell C. H. Dearman Statesville 

Iredell Mrs. Eleanor Armour Statesville 

Rowan Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 

Rowan Mrs. Spencer Murphy Salisbury 

Stanly W. E. Smith Albemarle 

Stanly Mrs. D. N. Bennett Norwood 

Watauga Dr. H. B. Perry Boone 

Watauga Mrs. Dessie Mae Edmiston Sugar Grove 



State Committees, Democratic 161 



Tenth District 

Avery R. T. Lewis Minneapolis 

Avery Mrs. Hope B. Teaster Mimieaiiolis 

Burke Miss Lillian Ross Morganloii 

Burke Mrs. Yates Palmer Valdese 

Burke W. C. Hudson Morganton 

Catawba G. A. Warlick Newton 

Catawba • Harry VanderLinden Hickory 

Catawba Mrs. Madeline Corn Newton 

Lincoln Mrs. R. R. Killian Lincolnton 

Lincoln Marvin T Leathcrman Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Frances Clarkson Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Ralph Miller Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Walter G. Craven Charlotte 

Mecklenburg David McConnell Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Sydney Croft Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Thomas Bird Charlotte 

Mitchell Nathan H. Yelton Raleigh 

Johnston J. R. Poole Smilhficld 

Mitchell Mrs. Ray T. Dent Spruce Pine 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland Clyde Nolan Shelby 

Cleveland Ralph Gardner Shelby 

Cleveland CM. Mull Shelby 

Gaston L. B. HoUowell Gastonia 

Gaston Miss Hazel Saunders Bessemer City 

Gaston W. 0. Barrett Mt. Holly 

Madison Alfred Huff Mars Hill 

Madison Mrs. J. Clyde Brown Mars Hill 

McDowell R. W. Proctor Marion 

McDowell Mrs. J. A. Poteat Marion 

McDowell Hugh F. Beam Marion 

Polk Oliver Taylor Mill Springs 

Polk Mrs. Russell Walcott Tryon 

Rutherford S. A. Summey Forest City 

Rutherford 0. J. Holler Union Mills 

Rutherford Grady Withrow Hollis 

Yancey Mrs. S. J. Haskins Burnsville 

Yancey Mark Bennett Burnsville 

Twelfth District 

Buncombe Don S. Elias Asheville 

Buncombe Weldon Weir Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. W. A. Goodwon Asheville 

Cherokee Mrs. H. A. Mattox Murphy 

Clay C. L. Davis Hayesville 

Graham W. B. Wiggins Robbmsville 

Haywood Mrs. Jack West Clydf 

Haywood Jerry Rogers Hazelwood 

Henderson H. E. Buchanan HendersonviUc 

Henderson Mrs. Lucille Allen Hendersonville 

Jackson Dan K. Moore Sylva 

Jackson , Miss Jane Coward Sylva 

Macon James L. Houser Franklni 

Macon Miss Kate McGee , Frankhn 

Swain Mrs. W. E. Elmore '. Bryson City 

Swain Mrs. J. H. Secery. Bryson City 

Transylvania W. M. Roberts Brevard 

Transylvania Mrs. Robert Deyton Brevard 

EX-OFFICIO 
President, Young Democratic Clubs of . , .„ 

N. C Robert R. WiUiams, Jr Asheville 

National Committeeman James F. Chesnutt w'"'*"' 

National Committeewoman Edith Marsh Monroi' 



162 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Conoressional District Executive 

Committee 

1950 

First District 

Beaufort Malcolm Paul Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. E. W. Marsh Bath 

Camden W.I. Halstead South M ills 

Camden Mrs P. P. Gregory Shawboro 

Currituck Dudley Bagley Moyoek 

Currituck S. A. Walker Snowden 

Chowan R. D. Dixon Edenton 

Chowan E. N. EUiott Tyner 

Dare Stanford White Manteo 

Dare G. T. Wescott Manteo 

Gates L. C. Hand Gatesville 

Gates R. E. Miller Gates 

Hertford A. W. Green Ahoskie 

Hertford R. H. Underwood Murfreesboro 

Hyde M. A, Matthews Englehard 

Hyde J. H. Swindell Swan Quarter 

Martin A. E. James Robersonville 

Martin Clarence Griffin Williamston 

Pasquotank Jerome B. Flora Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. W. C. Dawson Elizabeth City 

Perquimans J. E. Winslow Hertford 

Perquimans Silas M . Whedby Hertford 

Pitt W. I. Bis.sett Griffon 

Pitt Gilbert Peele Greenville 

Tyrrell C.J. Liverman Columbus 

Tyrrell R. L. Spruill, Jr Columbus 

Washington W. Roy Hampton Plymouth 

Washington Harry P. Barnes Cherry 

Second District 

Bertie W. S. Pritchard Windsor 

Bertie W. L. Powell Windsor 

Edgecombe R. L. Corbett Macclesfield 

Edgecombe M . P. J. Williams Rocky Mount 

Greene H. M. Hicks Snow Hill 

Greene M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill 

Halifax J. Waldo Whitaker Enfield 

Halifax B. F. Turner Weldon 

Lenoir Whitford Hill Pink Hill 

Lenoir W. Harry Long Kinston 

Northampton N. B Boone Conway 

Northampton J. R. Woodard Pendleton 

Warren R. W. Thornton Littleton 

Warren W. E. Turner R-2, Henderson 

Wilson H. L. \\atsou Wilson 

Wilson T. H. Woodard Wilson 

Third District 

Carteret W. H. Bell Newport 

Carteret Mrs. Elvin T. Hancock Morehead City 

Craven , J. E. Witherington Vanceboro 

Craven Mrs. D. L. Ward New Bern 

Duiilin G. H. Blanton Kenansville 

Duplin Miss Betty Davis Kenansville 

Jones John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Jones Mrs. Geo. R. Hughes Pollocksville 

Onslow E. W. Summersill Jacksonville 



State Committees, Democratic 163 



Onslow Mrs. Albert J. Ellis Jacksonville 

Pamlico B. B. HoUowell Bayboro 

Pamlico. . . Mrs. Roy Major Bayboro 

Pender D. N. Lucas Burgaw 

Pender Miss Mattie Bloodworth Burgaw 

Sampson \V. L. McPhail C'inton 

Simpson Mrs. Rita W. Henley Clinton 

Wayne Robt. Holmes Goldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. W. A. Dees, Jr Goldsboro 

Fourth District 

Chatham H. L. Stone Siler City 

Chatham Mrs. Elizabeth Blair Pittsboro 

Franklin D. F. McKiiine Louisburg 

Franklin C. P. Green Louisburg 

Johnston Ed White Pine Level 

Johnston J . R . Poole Smithfield 

Randolph Archie L. Smith .Asheboro 

Randoljjh Glenn ( iilmore Julian 

Vance LB. Watkins Henderson 

Vance Mrs. C. H. Finch • Henderson 

Wake John Anderson Raleigh 

Wake Banks Arendell Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Caswell W'.C. Taylor Blanch 

Caswell John 0. Gunn , Yanceyville 

Forsyth Calvin Graves Winston Salem 

Forsyth Irving Carlyle Winston Salem 

Granville B. S. Royster, Jr Oxford 

Granville • E. B. Bragg •. Creedmoor 

Person Jerry Hester Roxboro 

Person J. S. Merritt Roxboro 

Rockingham J. C. Brown Reidsville 

Rockingham Roy Blalock Reidsville 

Stokes '. . . J. H. Christian Pinnacle 

Stokes H. L. Gibson Pine Hall 

Surry J. R. Fowler, Jr Mt. Airy 

Surry H. P. Graham Elkin 

Sixth District 

Alamance J. Mark Freeman Burlington 

Alamance W. Bowman Sanders Burlington 

Alamance Melvin Hearn Mebane 

Durham Mrs. Roma Cheek Durham 

Durham W. Robert Murray '. . . Durham 

Durham D. B. Martin Durham 

Guilford D. S. Neal , Greensboro 

Guilford Carlton Blackman '. Greensboro 

Guilford T. Gradv Bowman Liberty 

Orange 0. J. Coffin Chapel Hill 

Orange L. 0. Hogan R-2, Chapel Hill 

Orange Miss Harriett Herring Chapel Hill 

Seventh District 

Bladen James C. Green Clarkton 

Bladen Mrs. McRae Bridger Bladenboro 

Brunswick .^Irs. R. C. Halmes Shallotte 

Brunswick Norman Bellamy Supply 

Columbus A. E. Powell, Jr Whiteville 

Columbus Mrs. Bessie Brown Whiteville 

Cumberland W. H. McGeachy, Jr Fayettevillc 

Cumberland Miss Efiie Newton Fayettevillc 

Harnett Earl Westbrook Dunn 

Harnett Elizabeth F. Mathews Lillington 



164 North Carolina Manual 



New Hanover L. H. Rouse Wilmington 

New Hanover \V. A, Broodtoot, Jr Wilmington 

Robeson Grady Harrell Shannon 

Robeson Mrs. Olive Bland E. Lumberton 

Eighth Distriit 

Anson F, E. Liles Wadesboro 

Anson Paul A. Kitchen Wadesboro 

Davidson R. L. Pope ThomasviUe 

Davidson Foster Hankins Lexington 

Davie Jacob Stewart Mo;ksvi'le 

Davie Mrs E. C. Tatum Cooleeraee 

Hoke Laurie McEachern Raeford 

Hoke W. P. Baker Raef rd 

Lee J. (J. Edwards Sanford 

Lee Max McLcod Sanford 

Montgomery Dr. W. T. Harris Troy 

Montgomery Paul Clark Candor 

Moore Mrs. C. T. Cirier Carthage 

Moore Lelaiid McKeilhan Pinehurst 

Richmond Mark Fritchey Mt. Gilead 

Richmond Alva Gibson Hamlet 

Scotland Nelson Gibson Gibson 

Scotland Chas. E. Muse Laurinburg 

Union R. P. Steagall Monroe 

Union Miss Edith Marsh Monroe 

Wilkes C. B. Eller N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Dick Chatham Ronda 

Yadkin Fred Hobson Yadkinville 

Yadkin G. C. Wallace Hamptonville 

Ninth District 

Alexander Harry Miller Stony Point 

Alexander Mrs. Betty Brown Taylorsville 

Alleghany W. P. Osborne Sparta 

Alleghany D. M. Edwards Sparta 

Ashe W. E. Vannoy W. Jefferson 

Ashe W. D. McMillan W. Jefferson 

Cabarrus D. Ray McEachern Concord 

Cabarrus Dr. J. 0. Nolan Kannapolis 

Caldwell E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Caldwell D. W. M. Roberts Lenoir 

Iredell J. G. Lewis Statesville 

Iredell D. E. Turner Mooresville 

Rowan . Paul V. Phillips Salisbury 

Rowan Paul A. Swicegood Salisbury 

Stanly R. L. Brown, Jr Albemarle 

Stanly : J. B.Littl? Albemarle 

Watauga Frank Baird Boone 

Watauga Mrs. Helen Underdown Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery Carl C. Scott Newland 

Avery Mrs. Sue L. Banner Newland 

Burke A. P. Causby Morganton 

Burke Livingston Vernon Morganton 

Catawba Edward Haupt ' Newton 

Catawba Bailey Patrick Hickory 

Lincoln Joe Ross Lincolnton 

Lincoln David Clark Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg James Armstrong Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Robt. Lassiter, Jr Charlotte 

Mitchell Mrs. E. G. Miller Bakersville 

Mitchell. . . . , , Mrs. R. B. PhilHps Toecane 



State Committees, Democratic 165 



Eleventh District 

Cleveland George W. Ray Shelby 

Cleveland Max Dixon Shelby 

Gaston F. H. Cunningham Gastonia 

Gaston Mrs. Maida Adams Gastonia 

Madison J. Clyde Brown Mars Hill 

Madison George Martin Mars Hill 

McDowell S. T. Caplan Old Fort 

McDowell J. W. Streetman, Jr Marion 

Polk Jess Rhodes Tryon 

Polk W. D. Hines Columbus 

Rutherford Miles Haynes Avondale 

Rutherford Robert Blanton Forest City 

Yancey Wm. T. Jobe R-1, Burnsville 

Yancey Chas. Hutchins Burnsville 

Tweifth District 

Buncombe R. D. Coleman Asheville 

Buncombe James M. Rogers Asheville 

Cherokee .• : Frank Mehaffey Andrews 

Cherokee Frank Forsyth Murphy 

Clay Lee Penland Hayesville 

Clay '. Mrs Scott Beal Hayesville 

Graham L. W. Wilson Robbinsville 

f iraham F. S. Griffin Robbinsville 

Haywood Richard Queen Waynesville 

Haywood Clifford Brown Clyde 

Henderson Wade Stepp , Dana 

Henderson W. V. Powell Hendersonville 

Jackson J. A. Bryson Sylva 

Jackson Joe Wilson Sylva 

Macon Harold Enloe Franklin 

Macon Henry Cleveland FrankUn 

Swain W. T. Martin Bryson City 

Swain W. E. Elmore Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. J. S. Silverstein Brevard 

Transylvania Ralph H. Raney, Jr Brevard 



166 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Judicial District Executive Committees 

1950 

EASTERN DIVISION 
First District 

Beaufort Harry McMuUan, Jr Washinglon 

Beaufort Mrs. Jessie Manning Washington 

Camden R. L. Bray Belcross 

Camden R. L. Whaley Camden 

Chowan R . C. Holland Eden ton 

Chowan ^ John W . Graham Edenton 

Currituck R. P. Midgette Coinjock 

Currituck Carl Brumsey Currituck 

Dare Martin Kellog Man teg 

Dare I. P. Davis Manteo 

Gates F. H. Rountree Sunbury 

Gates Hubert Eason Gatesville 

Hyde J. L. Simmons Fairfield 

Hyde J. H. Jarvis Engleha'd 

Pasquotank F. W. Horner Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Miles Ferrebe .' Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Walter Oakley, Jr Hertford 

Perquimans Charles Johnson Hertford 

Tyrrell A. L. Walker Columbia 

Tyrrell . Mrs. W. Morton McClees Columbia 

Second District 

pjdgecombe Cameron Weeks Tarboro 

Edgecombe A. F. Felton Macclesfield 

Martin Hugh Hortoii WiUiamston 

Martin Charles Manning WiUiamston 

Nash J. N. Sills Nashville 

Nash I. D. Thorp Rocky Mount 

Washington W. B. Rodman Plymouth 

Washington E. L. Owens Plymouth 

Wilson Larry Moore Wilson 

Wilson Lemuel Gibbons Wilson 

Third District 

Bertie E. R. Tyler Roxobel 

Bertie Mrs. Clara Gatling Windsor 

Halifax J. T. Maddrey Weldon 

Halifax J. S. Liverman Scotland Neck 

Hertford J. W. Cokeland Ahoskie 

Hertford J. Carlton Cherry Ahoskie 

Northampton E. N. Riddle Jackson 

Northampton A. C. Gay Jackson 

Vance Mrs. E. A. Latta Henderson 

Vance W. P. Parham Henderson 

Warren Frank Bangett Warrenton 

Warren John M. Picot Littleton 

Fourth District 

Chatham W. R. Thompson Pittsboro 

Chatham Speight Wrenn Siler City 

Harnett Dougald McRae Lillington 

Harnett Mrs. B. A. Jackson Dunn 

Johnston Jack Hooks Kenly 

Johnston Albert Corbett Wilson MiUs 

Lee D. B. Teague Sanford 

Lee Gabe Holmes Sanford 

Wayne Harry Tatum Goldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. John Peacock Goldsboro 



State Committees, Democratic 167 



Fifth District 

Carteret A. L. Hamilton Morehead City 

Carteret Mrs. Sam Adler Morehead City 

Craven John A. Simpson Vanceboro 

Craven Miss Theresa Shipp New Bern 

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hill 

Greene J. C. Herring Snow Hill 

Jones Geo. R. Hughes PoUocksville 

Jones Miss Bessie Whitaker Trenton 

Pamlico J. C. WyUe Bayboro 

Pamlico Mrs. Dan Sawyer Bayboro 

Pitt John B. Lewis Farmville 

Pitt. L. G. Cooper Greenville 

Sixth District 

Duplin David N. Henderson Wallace 

Duplin Mrs. Hubert PhiUips KenansviUe 

Lenoir Clifton Sutton LaGrange 

Lenoir W. C. Boone Kinston 

Onslow A. T. Shaw Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. N. E. Day Jacksonville 

Sampson R. M. Holland Clinton 

Sampson Miss Valva Hudson Clinton 

Seventh District 

FrankUn Hill Yarborough Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. J. W. Mann Louisburg 

Wake Mrs. Barber Towler Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. J. M. Newsom Raleigh 

Eighth District 

Brunswick E. J. Prevatt Southport 

Brunswick Mrs. Christine Frink Southport 

Columbus R. H. Burus, Jr Whiteville 

Columbus Walter H. Powell, Jr Whiteville 

New Hanover Mrs. B. D. Quarrell Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Alice Strickland Carolina Beach 

Pender John Best Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. J. F. Howard Burgaw 

Ninth District 

Bladen Ed Clark Elizabeth town 

Bladen Frank Grady Elizabeth town 

Cumberland Malcomb McQueen Fayetteville 

Cumberland Terry Sanford Fayetteville 

Hoke N. M. Smith Raeford 

Hoke N. L. McFadyen Raeford 

Robeson David M. Britt Fairmont 

Robeson Mrs. Lacy John Lumber Bridge 

Tenth District 

Alamance Eugene Gordon Burlington 

Alamance John H. Vernon Burlington 

Alamance Clay Henric Burhngton 

Durham Tom B. Sawyer Durham 

Durham Hugh Thompson Durham 

Durham Dan K. Edwards Durham 

GranviUe E. F. Taylor Oxford 

Granville T. G. Stem, Jr Oxford 

Orange B. D. Sawyer Hillsboro 

Orange W. P. Andrews R-1, Durham 

Person R. B. Dawes Roxhoro 

Person R. P. Burns Roxboro 



168 North Carolina Manual 



WESTERN DIVISION 
Eleventh District 

Alleghany Arthur (Ireene Eunice 

Ashe R. W. Barr W. Jefferson 

Ashe Mrs. Ed. M. Anderson W. Jefferson 

Forsyth H. M. Ratcliff Winston-Salem 

Forsyth E. S. Heefner, Jr Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Fred S. Hutchins Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District 

Davidson P. V. Critcher Lexington 

Davidson Howard Steed Thomasville 

Davidson Lindsey Dorsett R-5, Winston-Saleni 

Ouilford H. L. Koontz Greensboro 

Guilford Miss Dorothy Clement Greensboro 

Guilford Chas. \^'. McAnally Greensboro 

Thirteenth District 

Anson Fred J. Coxe Wadesboro 

Anson Walter E. Brock Wadesboro 

Moore Lamont Brown Southern Pines 

Moore U. L. Spence Carthage 

Richmond Hugh Lee Rockingham 

Richmond Z. V. Morgan Hamlet 

Scotland R. F. McCoy Laurinburg 

Scotland Fred Kendall, Jr Johns 

Stanly R. R. Ingram Albemarle 

Stanly R. D. Lowder Albemarle 

LInion W. B. Love, Jr Monroe 

Union Rebecca Garrison Monroe 

Fourteenth District 

Gaston Willis Smith Belmont 

Gaston J. Mack Holland, Jr Gastonia 

Mecklenburg Joe drier Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Karl Home Charlotte 

Fifteenth District 

Alexander George Price Taylorsvilie 

Alexander Mrs. Brace Warren Hiddenite 

Cabarrus J. Carlyle Rutledge Kannapolis 

Cabarrus W Preston White Concord 

Iredell Wade H. Moore Statesville 

Iredell A. Fred Alexander Statesville 

Montgomery Walter Currie Troy 

Montgomery Wade Bruton Troy 

Rowan Charles L. Coggins Salisbury 

Rowan J. G. Hudson Salisbury 

Randolph L. T. Hammond Randlenian 

Randolph A. W. Craven Ramseur 

Sixteenth District 

Burke T. Earle Franklin Morganton 

Burke A. E. Kirksey Morganton 

Caldwell F. L. German Lenoir 

Caldwell James Farthing Lenoir 

Catawba Wade Lefler Newton 

Catawba Emmitt Willis Hickory 

Cleveland C. C. Horn Shelbv 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Sr Shelby 

Lincoln W. Hampton Childs Lincoln ton 

Lincoln K. B. Nixon Lincolnton 

Watauga James Taylor Boone 

Watauga G. H. Winkler Boone 



State Committees, Democratic 169 



Seventeenth District 

Avery Fred Coffey Banner Elk 

Avery Mrs. T. H. Webb Linville 

Davie J. H. Addison Mocksville 

Davie Mrs. 0. C. McQuage Mocksville 

Mitchell Frank Watson Spruce Pine 

Mitchell Mrs. Fred Brummitt Bakersville 

Wilkes J. E. Walker N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Curry S. Moore N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Grover Webb Boonville 

Yadkin Mrs. T. M. Reeves Boonville 

Eighteenth District 

Henderson I. W. Jackson Hendersonville- 

Henderson Frank L. Todd Hendersonville 

McDowell Roy W. Davis Marion 

McDowell Paul J. Story Marion 

Polk Demus Chapman Tryon 

Polk : Raymond Stevenson Saluda 

Rutherford Chas. Dalton Spindale 

Rutherford O.J. Mooneyham Forest City 

Transylvania Harry Morgan Rosman 

Transylvania Hal D. Gibson Pisgah Forest 

Yancey C. L. Crochett Burnsville 

Yancey Harland Holcombe Burnsville 

Nineteenth District 

Buncombe S. C. Crawford Asheville 

Madison Zeno Pender Marshall 

Madison E. K. Meadows Spring Creek 

Twentieth District 

Cherokee Ralph Moody Murphy 

Cherokee W. D. Whitaker Andrews 

Clay T. C. Gray Hayesville 

Clay ." Mrs. Bert Plemmons Hayesville 

Graham R. B. Morphew Robbinsville 

Graham J. D. Allen Robbinsville 

Haywood John M. Queen Waynesville 

Haywood Tommy Morgan Canton 

Jackson D. M. Hall Sylva 

Jackson Marcellus Buchanan Sylva 

Micon Jess Shope Franklin 

Macon R. S. Jones Franklin 

Swain Bob Wiggins Bryson City 

Swain Herman Edwards Bryson City 

Twenty-first District 

Caswell H. R. Thompson Yanceyville 

Caswell Buck Fitek R-3, Mebane 

Rockingham J. M. Sharp ReidsviUe 

Rockingham Herman Peters Leaksville 

Stokes Leonard VanNoppen Danbury 

Stokes W. W. Norman Pinnacle 

Surry Chas. L. Folger Dobson 

Surry Charles Neaves Elkin 



170 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Senatorial Executive Committees 

1950 

First District 

Bertie C. H. Jenkins Aulander 

Camden H. C. Ferebee Camden 

Chowan Dave Holton Edenton 

Currituck John R. Wright, Jr Jarvisburg 

Gates Martin Kellog, Sr Sunbury 

Hertford Gordon Madrey Ahoskie 

Pasquotank Lawremon W. Midgette Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Robt. L. Hollowell Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort Mrs. Scott Topping Pantego 

Dare L. D. Tarkington Manteo 

Hyde E. A. Williams Swan Quarter 

Martin Paul Robinson Robersonville 

Pamlico James Gatlin, Jr Vandermeer 

Tyrrell Mrs. D. A. Simmons Columbia 

Washington Wm. Thomas Freeman Plymouth 

Third District 

Northampton Buxton Midgett Jackson 

Vance T. W. Ellis Henderson 

Warren Wilton Drake Warrenton 

Fourth District 

Edgecombe Frank Winslow ' . Rocky Mount 

Halifax Kelly Jenkins Roanoke Rapids 

Fifth District 

Pitt County Democratic Executive Committee 



Sixth District 

Franklin W. L. Lumpkin Louisburg 

Nash M. F. Morgan Bailey 

Wilson Roy Wilkinson R-1 , Kenly 

Seventh District 

Carteret Elwood R. Willis MarshaUburg 

Craven John F. Rhodes, Jr New Bern 

Greene A. C. Edwards , . . . Hookerton 

Jones Rudolph Pelletier Trenton 

Lenoir Fred Whitaker Kinston 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Eighth District 

Johnston Marvin Johnson Smithfield 

Wayne Powell Bland Goldsboro 

Ninth District 

Duplin Rivers D. Johnson, Jr Warsaw 

New Hanover Wallace C. Murchison Wilmington 

Pender Robt. Grady Johnson Burgaw 

Sampson Marvin Wooten Roseboro 

Tenth District 

Bladen R.J. Hester Elizabeth town 

Brunswick D. L. Gainey Leland 

Columbus A. H. Sessions Whiteville 

Cumberland Gilbert Shaw Fayettevill? 



State Committees, Democratic 171 



Eleventh District 

Robeson County Democratic Executive Committee 

Twelfth District 

Harnett V. C. Baggett Lillington 

Hoke H. A. Green Raeford 

Moore W. P. Saunders Robbins 

Randolph Joseph D. Ross, Jr Asheboro 

Thirteenth District 

Chatham Wade Paschal Siler City 

Lee W. W. Seymour Sanford 

Wake Vaughn Winborne Raleigh 

Fourteenth District 

Durham Wilbur Hobby Durham 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Person J. W. Green Roxboro 

Fifteenth District 

Caswell '. Sam Bason Yanceyville 

Rockingham Bernard Young Madison 

Sixteenth District 

Alamance Joe M. Neal Saxapahaw 

Orange Clyde C. Carter Chapel Hill 

Seventeenth District 

( iuilford County Democratic Executive Committee 

Eighteenth District 

Davidson Carl Wilson '. Thomasville 

Montgomery Jim Burke -. Biscoe 

Richmond H. L. McDonald Rockingham 

Scotland P. D. Jones Laurinburg 

Nineteenth District 

Anson Barringer T. Hill Wadesboro 

Stanly John B. Boyette Albemarle 

Union Page Price Monroe 

Twentieth District 

Mecklenburg James Whittington Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Ray Farriss Charlotte 

Twenty-first District 

Cabarrus M. B. Shurin Concord 

Rowan Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

Twenty-second District 

Forsyth County Democratic Executive Committee 

Twenty-third District 

Stokes Moir Martin Lawsonville 

Surry Polly Anna Sargent Mt. Airy 

Twenty-fourth District 

Davie J. B. Cain Cana 

Wilkes Dr. Seth B. Cale Elkin 

Yadkin 0. E. Boles Joncsville 



172 North Carolina Manual 



Twenty-fifth District 

Catawba Banks Whisenant Maiden 

Iredell Sam G. Hall Statesville 

Lincoln Blair Carpenter Lincolnton 

Twenty-six District 

Gaston County Democratic Executive Committee 

Twenty-seventh District 

Cleveland D. W. Royster Shelby 

McDowell E.J. House, Jr Marion 

Rutherford Bryan Harrell Forest City 

Twenty-eighth District 

Ale.xauder J. C. Fortner Taylorsville 

Burke New B. Giles Morganton 

Caldwell Henry Huff Lenoir 

Twenty-ninth District 

Alleghany R. E Robinson Whitehead 

Ashe. W. B. Austin ■ W. Jefferson 

Watauga S. E. Horton Boone 

Thirtieth District 

Avery A. S. Taylor Pyatte 

Madison James Holnombe Marshall 

Mitchell John B. Peterson Poplar 

Yancey Griffin H. Hennessee Burnsville 

Thirty-first District 

Buncombe County Democratic Executive Committee 

Thirty-second District 

Haywood R. E. Sentelle R-3, Canton 

Henderson Mack Aiken Hendersonville 

Jackson Charley Roper Webster 

Polk W. Y. Wilkins, Jr Tryon 

Transylvania V. P. Clement Brevard 

Thirty-third District 

Cherokee Lofton Mason Murphy 

Clay Vernon Martin Hayesville 

Graham Ed Ingram Robbinsville 

Macon Clint May Flax 

Swain T. A. Sandlin R-1, Bryson City 



State Committees, Democratic 173 

State Democratic Solicitorial District Executive 

Committees 

1950 

EASTERN DIVISION 
First District 

Beaufort M. F. Thompson Aurora 

Beaufort Mrs. I. P. Hodges RFD, Washington 

Camden Ash ton Leary Camden 

Camden \V. F. Williams South Mills 

Chowan Eddie W. Spires Edenton 

Chowan J. N. Pruden Edenton 

Currituck E. R. Johnson Currituck 

Currituck J. T. Ethridge Shawboro 

Dare Clarence Midgette Manteo 

Dare Melvin Tillett Manteo 

Gates C. P. Hathaway Gatesville 

Gates W. L. Askew Eure 

Hyde 0. L. Williams Swan Quarter 

Hyde George T. Davis Swan Quarter 

Pasquotank W. L. Thompson Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank J. F. Ferrell Elizabeth City 

Perquimans A. W. Hefren Hertford 

Perquimans Walter G. Edwards Hertford 

TyrreU 0. M. Fletcher Columbia 

Tyrrell Mrs. C. Earl Cohoon Columbia 

Second District 

Edgecombe W. E. Cobb, Jr Tarboro 

Edgecombe Otto Peary Tarboro 

Martin N. L. Peele Williamston 

Martin A. Corey Jamesville 

Nash L. L. Davenport Nashville 

Nash R. W. Jones Bailey 

Washington Reynolds Davenport Plymouth 

Washington M. W. SpruiU Plymouth 

Wilson S. E. High, Sr Lucama 

Wilson Wm. Webb Wilson 

Third District 

Bertie John R. Jenkins Aulander 

Bertie Mrs. Lennie Perry Colerain 

Halifax Wade H, Dickens Scotland Neck 

Halifax R. B. Parker Enfield 

Hertford J. B. Burden Ahoskie 

Hertford M. E. Whitehead Murfreesboro 

Northampton R. W. Stephenson Severn 

Northampton W. M. Stephenson Pendleton 

Vance C. S. Wester Henderson 

Vance ". Mrs. T. L. Dale Henderson 

Warren Howell Stud Warren ton 

Warren Frank Gibbs Warrenton 

Fourth District 

Chatham Harry Horton Pittsboro 

Chatham C. P. Beal Bear Creek 

Harnett John Hood Buies Creek 

Harnett Henry C. Strickland Angicr 

Johnston Billy Britt Smithfield 

Johnston W. H. Lyon Smithfield 

Lee W. W. Staton Sanford 



174 North Carolina Manual 



Lee H. M. Jackson Sanford 

Wayne Dortoh Luiigston Goldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. FIdwiii Micheaux Goidsboro 

Fifth District 

Carteret Elvin T. Hancock Moreh'^ad City 

Cart«ret Mrs. A. D Cooper Atlantic Beach 

Craven Lawrence Lancaster Vanceboro 

Craven '. Mrs. J. C. Arnold New Bern 

Greene E. A. Rasberry Snow Hill 

Greene Walter G. Shep herd Snow Hill 

Jones R. P. Bender Pollocksville 

Jones Mrs. Cecil Hargett Comfort 

Pamlico S. E. Dixon Oriental 

Pamlico. Mrs. E. S. Lupton Bayboro 

Pitt R. C. Booth Greenville 

Pitt C. W. Everett Greenville 

Sixth District 

Duplin D. H. McKoy Warsaw 

Duplin Mrs. Annie Thomas Hall Kenansville 

Lenoir Ike Whitfield Kinston 

Lenoir T. J. White Kinston 

Onslow J. T. Gresham, Jr Jacksonville 

Onslow Miss Muriel Ketchum Jacksonville 

Sampson R. D. Weeks Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. J. E. Floyd Clinton 

Seventh District 

Franklin H. C. Kearney Franklinton 

Franklin W. D. Fuller Wood 

Wake N. F. Ransdell Varina 

Wake Mrs. H. P. Williams Raleigh 

Eighth District 

Brunswick S. T. Bennett Southport 

Columbus Bob Miller Whiteville 

New Hanover Mrs. Hannah Block Wilmington 

New Hanover B. B. Phillips Wilmington 

New Hanover J. L. Dew Wilmington 

Pender Clifton F. Davis, Jr Burgaw 

Pender Miss Faye Frazer Burgaw 

Ninth District 

Bladen Mrs. Hobson Sandlin Council 

Cumberland John H. Cook Fayetteville 

Cumberland Alex Davis Hope Mil s 

Cumberland Geo. S. Quillan Fayetteville 

Hoke Paul Dickson Raeford 

Hoke Archie Watson •. Red Springs 

Robeson Horace Phillips E. Lumberton 

Robeson L. Adams Rowland 

Robeson Frank Hackett Lumberton 

Tenth District 

Alamance D. J. Walker , Graham 

Alamance B. F. Jones Burlington 

Durham T. R. Bane Durham 

Durham A. D. Atwater Durham 

Granville E. F. Taylor Oxford 

Granville T. G. Stem, Jr O.xford 

Orange L- J- Phipps Chapel Hill 

Orange Mrs. Manly Snipes Hillsboro 

Person R. B. Dawes Roxboro 

Person R- P- Burns Roxboro 



State Committees, Democratic 175 



WESTERN DIVISION 

Eleventh District 

Alleghany R. E. Richardson Whitehead 

Ashe Ray Blevins Lansing 

Ashe Raymond Francis West Jefferson 

Forsyth 

Twelfth District 

Davidson P. V. Critcher Lexington 

Davidson Howard Steed Thomasville 

Davidson Lindsey Dorsett R-5, Winston-Salem 

Guilford W. A. Sapp Greensboro 

Guilford Gilbert Powell Greensboro 

Guilford J. B. Lovelace High Point 

Thirteenth District 

Anson Banks D. Thomas Wadesboro 

Anson Rudolph Treadway Wadesboro 

Moore Monroe Chappell Vass 

Moore E.J. Burns Carthage 

Richmond Earl (ireen E. Rockingham 

Richmond Roy PhiUips Rockingham 

Scotland J. D. Phillips, Jr Laurinburg 

Scotland J. L. Sutherland, Jr Laurinburg 

Stanly W. L. Mann Albemarle 

Stanly Woodrow Lowder Albemarle 

Union Wendall Wilmoth Monroe 

Union Mrs. Heath Phifer Marshville 

Fourteenth District 

Gaston J. A. Wilkins Gastonia 

Gaston W. J. Allran, Jr Cherryville 

Mecklenburg James McMillan Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Hugh Mc.Auley Charlotte 

Fifteenth District 

Alexander John Marshall Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Cabarrus R. H. Irwin Concord 

Cabarrus Hugh Q. Alexander Concord 

Iredell D. D. Nantz, Sr Statesville 

Iredell. . . .'. P. S. Feimster Charles 

Montgomery Gordon Scott Star 

Montgomery G. S. Garris Troy 

Rowan Archie Rufty Salisbury 

Rowan J. W. Bean Spencer 

Randolph Jessie Councilman, Jr Asheboro 

Randolph T. Q. Yow Cedar Falls 

Sixteenth District 

Burke T. S. Cline Morganton 

Burke E. M. Hairfield, Jr Morganton 

Caldwell Dr. Dennis Cook , Lenoir 

Caldwell r Ben Beach Lenoir 

Catawba C harles Bost Conovcr 

Catawba George Hovey Hickory 

Cleveland C. H. Hendricks, Jr Shelby 

Cleveland A A. Powell Shelby 

Lincoln W. Hampton Childs, Jr Liucolnton 

Lincoln Bruce Heafner Lincolnton 

Watauga Wade E. Brown Boone 

Watauga Mrs. W. G. Hertzog Boone 



176 



State Sena 




177 



il Districts 




178 North Carolina Manual 



Seventeenth District 

\very C. J. Wiseman Ingalls 

Avery Avis V. Nesbitt Elk Park 

Davie J. B. King Cana 

Davie Mrs. Grady Smith Farmington 

Mitehell Shelby \\ oodv Forbes 

Mitchell Rex Peake R-1, Bakersville 

Wilkes P. E. Lavell Elkin 

Wilkes R. M. Gambill N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Hubert Logan Yadkinville 

Yadkin Clint Poindexter East Bend 

Eighteenth District 

Henderson M. F. Toms Hendersonville 

Henderson A. B. Sheppard Hendersonville 

McDowell W. D. Lona , Marion 

McDowell S.J. Westmoreland Marion 

Polk J. W. Durham Rt. 1, Tryon 

Polk W.J. Wilkins, Jr Tryon 

Rutherford Oliver Davis Forest City 

Rutherford Lee Powers Lake Lure 

Transylvania P. A, Rahn Penrose 

Transylvania Mrs. Arthur Whitmire Rosman 

Yancey J. Frank Huskins Burusville 

Yancey . . C. P. Randolph Burnsville 

Nineteenth District 

Buncombe Frank Parker Asheville 

Buncombe Shelby Horton, Jr Asheville 

Madison E. Y'. Ponder Marshall 

Madison F. E. Truman Marshall 

Twentieth District 

Cherokee, Ralph Moody Murphy 

Cherokee W. D. Whitaker Andrews 

Clay Mrs. Mary Beck Shooting Creek 

Clay Bovd Scroggs Brasstown 

Graham Ed Cable Fontana Dam 

Graham M. Will Cooper Robbinsville 

Haywood David Underwood Waynesville 

Haywood Charley McCrary , Rt. 1, Clyde 

Jackson C. C. Buchanan Sylva 

Jackson Davis Bryson Cullowhee 

Macon John Conley Otto 

Macon George Byrd Rt. 4, Franklin 

Swain Ed Bradey Ela 

Swain Dr. Kelly E. Bennett Bryson City 

Twenty-first District 

Caswell Lon Folger , Leasburg 

Rockingham Norwood Robinson Reidsville 

Stokes L. H. VanNoppen Danbury 

Suiry J. G. Llewellyn Dobson 

Surry Charles Neeves Elkin 



State Committees, Democratic 179 

CHAIRMEN DEMOCRATIC COUNTY EXECUTIVE 

COMMITTEES 

1950 

County Chairman Address 

Alamance. D. K. Muse Mebane 

Alexander W. S. Patterson R-1, Stony Point 

Alleghany R. F. Crouse R-2, Sparta 

Anson James A. Hardison Wadesboro 

Ashe Todd Gentry West Jefferson 

Avery R. T. Lewis Minneapolis 

Beaufort Malcolm C Paul Washington 

Bertie John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Bladen Robert J. Hester, Jr Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Henry D. Hickman Shallotte 

Buncombe R. R. Williams Asheville 

Burke Jack B. Kirksey Morganton 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

Caldwell W. D. Guire Lenoir 

Camden L. V. Leary Camden 

Carteret Irvin W. Davis Beaufort 

Caswell Clarence L. Pemberton Yanceyville 

Catawba G. Andrew Warlick Newton 

Chatham Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Cherokee H. A. Mattox Murphy 

Chowan Lloyd E. Griffin Edenton 

Clay Ed Patterson, Jr Hayesville 

Cleveland C. C. Horn Shelby 

Columbus Avery Thompson Hallsboro 

Craven , William F. Ward New Bern 

Cumberland H. R. Clark Fayetteville 

Currituck ' S. A. Walker Snowden 

Dare M. L. Daniels Manteo 

Davidson Charles W. Mauze Lexington 

Davie J. H. Thompson Mocksville 

Duplin F. W. McGowen Kenansvillc 

Durham J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham 

Edgecombe Haywood P. Foxhall Tarboro 

Forsyth Calvin Graves Winston-Salem 

Franklin E. F. Griffin Louisburg 

Gaston L. B. HoUowell Gastonia 

Gates Martin Kellog, Sr Sunbury 

Graham Ed Turbeville Robbinsville 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hill 

Guilford Frank R. Hutton Greensboro 

Halifax Henry T. Clark Scotland Neck 

Harnett W. A. Johnson Dunn 

Haywood Chas. B. McCrary R-1. Clyde 

Henderson L. B. Prince Henderson ville 

Hertford D. C. Barnes Murfrecsboro 

Hoke Walter P. Baker Raeford 

Hyde '. E. B. Bell Swan Quarter 

Iredell John F. Long R-1, Statesville 

Jackson Dan M. Allison Sylva 

Johnston Alvin Narron R-1, M iddlosex 

Jones John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Lee Ralph Monger, Jr Sanford 

Lenoir Meriwether Lewis Kinston 

Lincoln Thomas E. Rhodes Lincoln ton 

Macon Jess Shope R-1, Franklin 

Madison F. E. Freeman Marshall 

Martin Elbert S. Peel Williamslon 



180 North Carolina Manual 



County Chairman Address 

McDdwcll • S. J. Westmoreland Marion 

MiMklfiilnirg David McConnell Charlotte 

Mitchell Rex 0. Wilson Spruce Pine 

MoiitKoniery Ernest King Troy 

Moore M. G. Boyette Carthage 

Nash M. P. Dawson Rocky Mount 

Ne s Hanover Emmett H. Bellamy Wilmington 

Northampton E. B. Grant Jackson 

Onslow Thomas J. Marshall Jacksonville 

Orange R. 0. Forrest Hillsboro 

Pamlico J. C. Wiley ,. Grantsboro 

Pasciuotank N. E. Aydlett -..Elizabeth City 

Pender T. A. Smith Burgaw 

Perquimans C. P. Morris Hertford 

Person R. B. Dawes Roxboro 

Pitt John G. Clark Greenville 

Polk '. W. H. McDonald r Tryon 

Randolph Hal H. Walker Asheboro 

Richmond Clyde H. Causey Rockingham 

Robeson E. M. Johnson Lumberton 

Rockingham Jule McMichael Reidsville 

Rowan Walter H. Woodson, Jr Salisbury 

Rutherford Charles C. Dalton Spindale 

Sampson Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Scotland R. F. McCoy Laurinburg 

Stanly Crayon C. Efird Albemarle 

Stokes R- J. Scott Danbury 

Surry Frank Freeman Dobson 

Swain Frank Hyatt Bryson City 

Transylvania Paul Whitmore Brevard 

Tyrrell W. J. White Columbia 

Union Henry B. Smith Monroe 

Vance E. 0. Falkner Henderson 

Wake J. W. Bunn Raleigh 

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warrenton 

Washington H. H. Allen .~ Plymouth 

Watauga W. R. Winkler Boone 

Wayne J. T. Flythe Mt. Olive 

Wilkes C. Watson Brame North \\ ilkesboro 

Wilson A. Roy Moore R-2, Wilson 

Yadkin L. E. Hutchins Yadkinville 

Yancey '. C. P. Randolph Burnsville 



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE 
PLATFORM 1950 

Issued by 

NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE COMMITTEE 
Charlotte, North Carolina 

National Affairs 

To live with our neighbors in a community of peace and to 
enjoy freedom of opportunity in a world of plenty — this is the 
hope of all peoples and the goal to which the Republican party 
dedicates itself. To this end and to attain this goal, we adopt the 
following platform: 

1. Our system of private enterprise and initiative of the in- 
dividual, fostered by a republican form of government, has always 
been our strength. We pledge ourselves to support these bulwarks 
of liberty and to resist communism in all its forms wherever it 
may arise. 

2. Five years after the cessation of hostilities, and as a result 
of five years of floundering in world politics by inept Fair Deal 
politicians, we find a world torn by tension, distrust, and hate. 
We urge the election of a Republican Congress in November to 
establish a definite foreign policy, thereby reassuring the peoples 
of the world. 

3. We oppose the spending of taxpayers' money and financial 
aid to foreign countries under the guise of preventing the spread 
of communism so long as we employ communists and fellow-trav- 
ellers in our government and as teachers in our schools and uni- 
versities. 

4. The budget must be balanced; the spiraling cycle of spend- 
ing, taxing and deficit financing is imperiling our very existence; 
our national security demands that we not only cease to spend 
more than we receive in taxes, but that we actually reduce our 
national indebtedness which now stands at more than one-quarter 
of a trillion dollars. 

5. Realizing that cooperation between labor and industry has 
been the keystone to our nation's abundance,- and knowing that 
our well-being is equally dependent on both strong labor and in- 
dustry, we pledge our party to impartiality between labor and in- 
dustry; but we urge modification of the Laboi'-Management Rela- 

181 



182 North Carolina Manual 

tions Act of 1947 and for the passage of a law similar to the 
Railway Labor Act for the settlement and redress of vital griev- 
ances between labor and industry to prevent jeopardizing our 
economy, health, public safety, and well-being of millions of our 
working men and their families. 

6. We believe in the equal rights of all under our laws, includ- 
ing the right to choose one's associates. We condemn unreservedly 
the injection into American life of appeals to racial, religious, or 
other prejudices, such, for example, as are embodied in so-called 
Fair Employment Practices legislation. 

7. We recognize the great importance of agriculture to our 
economy and the necessity of providing; until we have an orderly 
return to a free market generally, an incentive or protection for 
the efficient farmer so as to secure the production of an adequate 
supply of needed commodities. Such incentive or protection, how- 
ever, should not be provided in such form as to encourage the pro- 
duction and accumulation of excessive surpluses. We are unal- 
terably opposed to the regimentation of farms now contemplated 
by Government planners. The farmers must be left free from Gov- 
ernment control and coercion. 

State Affairs 

1. North Carolina should meet its moral obligations in provid- 
ing adequate, competent personnel for the care of our aged, in- 
competent, and afflicted persons, many of whom are neglected in 
county homes, jails and other state institutions. 

2. Our peoples' health determines their ability to earn and the 
well-being of our society. The State should at once begin an ex- 
tensive, well-planned program of preventative-medicine which will 
reach every person in North Carolina. We oppose socialized 
medicine. 

3. The corrupt practices of the absentee ballot law long ago 
forced the Democrats to repeal the law for the primary election. 
We recommend and demand that this law, as it applies to the gen- 
eral election, be repealed, except as to members of the armed 
forces. 

4. The increased cost of our state government indicates a rapid 
duplication of government by bureaus, such as is strangling Wash- 
ington. We recommend the elimination of duplicate and useless 
bureaus and departments. 



Republican Platform 183 

5. We advocate that payments under the Workmen's Compen- 
sation Act should be revised upward to meet the advance in the 
cost of living and that provision be made for sick benefits. Also, 
the General Assembly should be ever vigilant to g-ive our work- 
men the benefit of modern safety appliances. 

6. Our public school facilities have not been advanced to meet 
the increased demands upon them. We favor state construction 
and maintenance of public school buildings, allocating the money 
in accordance with population. 

7. An increased accident rate for school buses is alarming. 
The transportation system for our school children should be mod- 
ernized with a constant and vigilant examination of the condi- 
tion of school buses. 

8. We deplore the establishment of legalized betting and gam- 
bling in North Carolina, and the General Assembly should pass 
uniform laws prohibiting these degrading practices. 

9. We deplore the increased operations of the "personal loan 
and finance companies" which engage in usurious practices. We 
demand stricter control of this type loan company. 

10. The people of North Carolina should have the right to vote 
on the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors, and the Re- 
publican party pledges a statewide referendum on this question. 

11. Realizing that farm commodities and resources of the land 
are our greatest wealth, we urge the construction and maintenance 
of good public roads as arteries of commerce and agriculture. But 
we are opposed to the provision in the law increasing the load 
limit allowable for trucks and urge that such limits be restored to 
the weights in effect in 1948. 

12. For our farmers the difference between a profit and loss 
often depends on accessible, efficient markets for their produce. 
We recommend that our State Department of Agriculture take im- 
mediate action with the view of aiding towns and communities in 
establishing new markets and improving existing ones so North 
Carolina farmers can compete favorably with those of other states 
and receive a fair return for their products. 

13. We demand that the income tax paid to the United States 
Government be allowed as a deduction on the state income tax. 

Guided by these principles, and with the help of all people who 
join us in subscribing to these precepts, we shall return character 
to government and statesmanship to public office. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Adopted in Convention, March 14, 1950, at Charlotte 

ARTICLE I 

The Precinct as a Unit 

The unit of party action shall be the election precinct. In every 
precinct in each general election year there shall be selected in 
mass-meeting- in every precinct in the state a Precinct Committee 
of five or more voters, one of whom shall be designated as chair- 
man, one as vice-chairman, who shall be a woman, and one as 
secretary. 

The members and officers of the precinct committee shall hold 
their places for two years from the date of election, and until 
their successors are chosen. The Chairman of the County Com- 
mittee shall designate the time and place of holding precinct meet- 
ings after ten days' notice thereof. Precinct meetings shall elect 
one delegate and one alternate to the County Convention for each 
fifty votes or fraction thereof cast for the Republican candidate 
for Governor at the latest election. Other precinct meetings may 
be called and held at such times and places as will be designated 
by the Chairman of the Precinct Committee, after first giving ten 
days' notice of such meeting. In the event any Chairman of any 
Precinct fails to act, then the Chairman of the County Committee 
shall appoint someone in his or her place to serve temporarily 
until a Precinct Meeting can be held and the new Chairwoman 
elected, as the case may be. 

ARTICLE II 

County Conventions and County Committees 
1. A County Convention shall be called in each general election 
year by the Chairman of the County Committee, who shall desig- 
nate the time and place for holding same, after giving fifteen days' 
notice thereof, and the delegates and alternates elected in the pre- 
cinct meetings shall sit as delegates and alternates in the County 
Convention. The County Convention shall choose a Chairman, and 
a Vice Chairman, who shall be a woman, and other officers, all of 

184 



Plan of Organization 185 

whom shall be qualified voters in the county. A County Committee 
of five 01" more voters shall be chosen in such County Convention, 
who shall hold their places for a term of two years, and until 
their successors are elected. Nominations may be made by the 
precinct meetings for membership upon the County Committee. 
Such biennial County Convention shall elect one delegate and one 
alternate to the State and all District Conventions, for every two 
hundred votes, or fraction thereof, cast for the Republican nominee 
for Governor at the latest election in said county. In addition 
thereto each County shall be entitled to one additional delegate 
and alternate for each Republican member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives elected by the County in the preceding election. 

2. That if one-third of the members of the County Committee 
shall desire a meeting of the County Committee, it shall be the 
duty of the Chairman of the County Committee to call said meet- 
ing; and if said Chairman shall fail or refuse to call said meeting 
upon petition of one-third of the members, the one-third of the 
members may call the meeting of the County Committee by giving 
to the Chairman and Secretary and the members of the County 
Committee at least five days' notice. 

3. For good cause shown, any Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Sec- 
retary, or member of the County Committee may be removed from 
his or her position xipon a vote of two-thirds of the members of 
the County Committee, but said cause for removal shall be con- 
fined to inefficiency and party disloyalty. Upon such removal the 
County Committee shall have the authority to fill the unexpired 
term. 

4. The Vice-Chairwoman shall function as Chairman of her 
respective Republican Executive Committee in the absence of the 
Chairman. 

ARTICLE III 

Congressional, Judicial, and Senatorial Committees 
The Republican Congressional, Judicial and Senatorial District 
Committees shall be composed of the Chairman of the several 
County Committees within the district, and the Permanent Chair- 
man and the Secretary of said District Convention. The aforesaid 
Congressional, Judicial, and State Senatorial Conventions shall be 



186 North Carolina Manual 

called by the Permanent Chairman of the Convention upon twenty 
days' notice of the time and place for holding same. Upon the 
failure for any reason of the Congressional District Chairman in 
any case to call a Congressional Convention, the said call may 
be issued by the Secretary of the Congressional District Com- 
mittee. 

ARTICLE IV 

State Convention 
A State Convention shall be called in every general election 
year by the Chairman of the Republican State Executive Com- 
mittee after thirty days' notice thereof, to all members of the 
State Executive Committee and all Chairmen of the several Coun- 
ty Executive Committees of the time and place of holding same. 
The State Convention biennially shall choose and elect a State 
Chairman and the State Vice-Chairman, one of whom shall be a 
woman. Two Assistant Chairmen on the State Committee shall 
be appointed by the State Chairman with such duties as may be 
delegated by the Chairman. They shall serve at the pleasure of 
the State Chairman, and be responsible directly to him. The State 
Convention each year of a Presidential election shall recommend 
to the National Republican Executive Committee, for a term of 
four years, the name of two persons, a man and a woman, for 
National Committeeman and National Committeewoman, respec- 
tively. Vacancies in the office of State Chairman and State Vice- 
Chairman shall be filled by the State Committee until the next 
terms. In the event of vacancy in National Committeeman or 
National Committeewoman, the State Committee shall make recom- 
mendations to the National Committee for the appointment of 
successors to fill the unexpired terms. 

ARTICLE V 

Republican State Committee 

1. The Republican State Committee shall be composed of four 

members from each Congressional District, and one additional 

member from each Congressional District for every two thousand 

and five hundred (2500), votes or greater fractional part thereof 



Plan op Organization 187 

cast in said Congressional District for the Republican candidate 
for Governor at the latest preceding election. The members of 
the State Committee in each Congressional District shall be 
elected for a term of two years, or until successors are elected 
and qualified, by the delegates to the Congressional Convention 
of the respective Districts. Vacancies occuring in representation 
from any Congressional District shall be filled by a vote of the 
majority of the remaining members residing in the district in 
which such a vacancy may occur. Alternates shall be elected in 
said Congressional Districts for each member of the State Exe- 
cutive Committee elected in said Congressional District and the 
Alternate shall serve for such member in the absence of the 
member. 

2. The State Chairman, the State Vice-Chairman, the two 
Assistant Chairmen, the National Committeeman, the National 
Committeewoman, and the permanent Chairman and Secretary of 
the preceding State Convention shall be members of the State 
Committee, ex-officio. 

3. The State Committee shall have the power to elect a Sec- 
retary and an Assistant Secretary, one of whom shall come from 
the Young Republicans, a Treasurer, and other officers which may 
appear necessary, who shall serve for a term of two years and 
vmtil their successors are chosen. 

4. The State Committee shall meet annually upon the call of 
the Chairman and Secretary, or upon the failure of the Chair- 
m.an, upon the call of the Vice-Chairman, and Secretary, or about 
the anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, which meeting 
shall be followed by an annual statewide Lincoln Day Dinner, to 
be held under the auspices of the Republican State Committee and 
the Young Republicans of North Carolina. 

5. Thei-e shall be a Republican State Policy Committee com- 
posed of the State Chairman, Vice-Chairman, the two Assistant 
Chairmen, Secretary, Treasurer, the National Committeeman and 
the National Committeewoman of the Republican State Committee 
and of the State Young Republican Clubs, all of whom shall be 
members ex-officio of the Republican State Committee, and all 
former State Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of the Republican 
State Committee, and five Republican Members of the General 
Assembly of North Carolina and five members from the state at 



188 North Carolina Manual 

large to be appointed by the State Chaii'man to sei've for a term 
of two years. 

The State Policy Committee shall meet upon the call of the 
Chairman, and shall have active management of the State Cam- 
paigns, with power to appoint a Finance Committee, a Publicity 
Committee, a Campaign Committee and such other committees as 
it may deem necessary in the proper conduct of the affairs of the 
party, and to do all other things pertaining to party affairs, 
which it may be authorized to do from time to time by the Repub- 
lican State Committee in session ; and the State Policy Committee 
shall report its proceedings to the State Committee at each ses- 
sion. 

6. A member or members of the State Committee from a ma- 
jority of the counties shall constitute a quorum of the State 
Committee for the transaction of business. 

7. There shall be a liberal representation of women wherever 
practicable in all the meetings and activities of the Republican 
Party. 

8. When any member of the State Committee becomes an active 
or regular candidate for an appointment controlled either directly 
or indirectly by recommendation of the State Committee, then 
such member of said State Committee shall forfeit his or her 
membership on State Committee. 

ARTICLE VI 

Voting by Proxy in Convention Not Allowed 

No delegate, alternate or other member of a Convention shall 
cast any vote by proxy, provided, however, that any delegate or 
delegates present shall have the right to cast the entire vote of 
the precinct in County Conventions and of the County in State 
and District Conventions. 

ARTICLE VII 

Convention Procedure 

1. The State, District and County Conventions shall be called 
to order by the respective Chairmen, or in the absence of the 
Chairman, by the Vice-Chairman, Secretary, or some membev 



Plan of Organization 189 

thereof, in order stated who shall have the power to appoint and 
receive the reports of Credentials Committee, to appoint other 
temporary and necessary committees, at or before the convening 
of the Convention, and to form a permanent organization. 

2. The certificate of the Chairman and Secretary of any Con- 
vention authorized to elect delegates and alternates shall be 
deemed sufficient to place the name of such delegate and alternate 
on the temporary roll of the respective Conventions, and unless 
successfully challenged, shall be a complete authorization to said 
delegates and alternates to act. 

ARTICLE VIII 

Records, Reports and Accounts 
The Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer of the State, District 
and County Committees shall keep faithful and accurate records 
of any and all monies received by them for the use of said com- 
mittees and shall make faithful and accurate repoi't thereof when 
so requested. 

ARTICLE IX 

All references herein to voters, delegates, alternates, chair- 
man, vice-chairmen and other precinct, county and state officials 
shall in all cases be construed to mean persons identified with 
the Republican Pai'ty. 



190 



North Carolina Manual 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

(From list furnished by Chairman, State Republican Executive 

Committee) 

State Republican Executive Committee 

STATE ORGANIZATION 

Chairman: J. M. Baley, Jr Marshal 

Vice Chairman: Mrs. Walter Zachary Yadkinville 

Secretary: Clyde Greene Boone 

Treasurer: Dr. James W. Davis , Statesville 

National Committeeman: J. E. Broyhill Lenoir 

National Committeewoman: Mrs. W. P. Few Durham 



First District 



C. T. Allen, Aurora 
Adrian Mitchell, Winton 



Roy Manning, Plymouth 
Floyd Cahoon, Columbia 



Second District 

Thomas J. Moore, Wilson J. R- Cameron, RFD, Kinston 

Mrs. Margaret Reynolds, Roanoke Rapids J. H. Satterthwait, Tarboro 



Clarence Fisher, Clinton 



Samuel J. Morris, Raleigh 
Ezra Parker, Benson 



E. S. Redman, Rt. 1, Mt. Airy 
H. L. Fagfie, Leaksville 
E. R. Nelson, Danhury 



Worth D. Henderson, Greensboro 
Walter L. York, High Point 
P. M. Caudle, High Point 
N. D. McNairy, Greensboro 
John Crawford, Chapel Hill 



J. A. Maultsby, Whiteville 
D. R. Johnson, Winnabow 



P. E. Brown, N. Wilkesboro 
W. B. Somers, N. Wilkesboro 
W. E. Rutledge, Yadkinville 
J. B. Payne, Rt. 5, Winston-Salem 



Third District 

A. L. Butler, Clinton 
Julian T. Gaskill, Goldsboro 

Fourth District 

J. C. Dixon, Siler City 
A. I. Ferree, Asheboro 
W. L. Ward, Asheboro 



Fifth District 



S. J. Craver, Winston-Salem 

W. Y. Tucker, Rt. 6, Winston-Salem 

S. R. Allred, Rt. 2, Burlington 



Sitxh District 



Z. H. Howcrton, Greensboro 
T. C. Carter, Mebane 
Linwood Hall, Burlington 
Andrew H. Hutohins, Rt. 4, Durham 
E. B. Cranford, Durham 
D. L. McBane, Rt. 2, Mebane 

Seventh District 

Thad H. Pope, Dunn 

H. Edmund Rodgers, Wilmington 

Eighth District 

J. G. Hudson, Rockingham 
Coy S. Lewis, Robbins 
J. T. Jackson, Lexington 
R. V. Alexander, Cooleemee 
Dr. A. D. Barber, Sanford 



Plan of Organization 



191 



Ray Jeimiiigs, Taylorsville 
Walter Johnson, Sparta 
Edison E. Thomas, Grassy Creek 
0. 0. Cruse, Rt. 3, Concord 
Monroe Adams, Statesville 



C. S. Nantz, Lincohiton 
John Mauser, Hickory 

D. T. Nance, Plumtree 



George C. Dedmondt, Tryon 
J. S. Dockery, Ruthcrfordton 
Donald Banks, Burnsville 
G. V. Hawkins, Shelby 



Hugh E. Monteith, Sylva 
Lewis P. Hamlin, Brevard 
James Rickert, Asheville 
Clyde Jarrett, Andrews 



Ninth District 

G. C. Peeler, Salisbury 
Ellis Honeycutt, Rt. 1, Albemarle 
J. J. Morton, Albemarle 
Russell D. Hodges, Boone 
James Hickman, Hudson 

Tenth District 

Frank C. Ration, Morgan ton 
Louis (i. Rogers, Charlotte 
J. Don Street, Buladean 
Wm. T. Alexander, Charlotte 

Eleventh District 

Clyde M. Roberts, Marshall 
Walter R. Chambers, Marion 
E R. Tweed, Marshall 
Thomas A. Hannah, Mt. Holly 

Twelfth District 

Theodore Jenkins, Robbinsville 
Robert N. Tiger, Hayesville 
Alf R. Higdou , Franklin 
Glenn E. Boyd, Rt. 2, Waynesville 



192 



North Carolina Manual 



State Republican Cong^ressional, Judicial, and Senatorial 

District Committees 

The work of the State Republican Congressional, Judicial and 
Senatorial Executive Committees is handled by the Chairmen of 
the Republican County Executive Committees. 



Chairmen, Republican County Executive Committees 



1950 



Alamance — Dr. H. M. Patterson, Burlington 

Alexander — Bill White, Taylorsville 

Alleghany — Beale Poole, Sparta 

Anson — C. A. Bland, Wadesboro 

Ashe — J. F. Yates, West Jefferson 

Avery — Charles VonCannon, Banner Elk 

Beaufort — Zeno 0. RatelifF, Pantego 

Bertie — D. H. Greene, Aulander 

Bladen — C. C. Atkinson, Elizabethtown 

Brunswick — W. A. Kepp, Bolivia 

Buncombe — W. Harold Sams, Asheville 

Burke — R. M. Lineberger, Morganton 

Cabarrus— James C. White, Concord 

Caldwell— E. C. McCall, Lenoir 

Camden — J. B. Burgess, Old Trap 

Carteret— C. R. Wheatly, Beaufort 

Caswell — M. Francis Law, Ruffin 

Catawba — Hayden B. Hayes, Hickory 

Chatham — Ray Swain, Siler City 

Cherokee — E. E. Stiles, Murphy 

Chowan — A. S. Smith, Edenton 

Clay— Ruel White, Hayesville 

Cleveland — J. Worth Silvers, Shelby 

Columbus — Irvin B. Tucker, Sr., Whiteville 

Craven — W. B. Rouse, New Bern 

Cumberland— C. C. Culbreth, Stedman 

Currituck — J. T. Etheridge, Shawboro 

Dare — V. G. Williams, Wanchese 

Davidson — Elmer Everhardt, Lexington 

Da%'ie--E. C. Morris, Mocksville 

Duplin — H. B. Kornegay, Calypso 

Durham — E. B. Cranford, Durham 

Edgecombe — J. H. Satterthwaite, Rt. 1, Tarboro 

Forsyth — Tarn W. Church, Kernersville 

Franklin — W. R. Young, Youngsville 

Gaston — J. L. Carter, West Gastonia 

Gates — H. A. Eure, Corapeake 

Graham — Coil B. Sawyer, Robbinsville 

Granville — W. L. Peace. Oxford 

Greene — Roland E. Jones, Snow Hill 

Guilford — N. D. McNairy, Greensboro 

Halifax — Ottis J. Reynolds, Roanoke Rapids 

Harnett — J. 0. West, Dunn 

Haywood — Gudger Duckett, Canton 

Henderson — J. Willis Bavne, Hendersonville 

Hertford— A. S. Mitchell, Winton 

Hoke — M. L. Sides, Rt. 1, Aberdeen 

Hyde — Edsac Bridgman, Scranton 

Iredell — A. Z. Goforth. Statesville 

Jackson — Velt Wilson, Sylva 



Johnston — Joel A. Johnson, Four Oaks 
Jones — 

Lee — 0. F. Patterson, Sanford 
Lenoir-Ray Cameron. Rt. 1, Kinston 
Lincoln — Robert Lineberger. Lincolnton 
Macon — George Reece, Franklin 
Madison — James R. Cox. Mars Hill 
Martin — Wheeler Martin. WiDiamston 
McDowell— C. Harry McCall, Marion 
Mecklenburg — Ernest M. Morgan, Charlotte 
Mitchell — Brown McKinney, Bakersville 
Montgomery — M. C. Cole, Candor 
Moore — K. W. Hennings, Carthage 
Nash — John C. Matthews, Spring Hope 
New Hanover — R. E. Lewis, Wilmington 
Northampton — W. T. Outland, Woodland 
Onslow — Fowler Manning, Richlands 
Orange — John F. Crawford. Chapel Hill 
Pamlico — N. C. Rice. .-Arapahoe 
Pasquotank- M. N. Toxey. Elizabeth City 
Pender — E. C. Highsmith, Rockv Point 
Perquimans— T. C. Babb. Hertford 
Person — 0. Y. Clayton, Sr., Roxboro 
Pitt- 
Polk— Ernest H. Gibbs, Columbus 
Randolph — Lacy Lewis, Asheboro 
Richmond — B. A. Cox. Ellerbe 
Rockingham — Alton Roberts:)n, Leaksville 
Rowan — D. A. Randleman, Salisbury 
Rutherford — Dewey Deviney, Spindale 
Sampson — P. B. Lockerman, CUnton 
Scothnd— Mrs. R. M. Bundy, Laurel Hill 
Stanly — Henry N. Thompson, Albemarle 
Stokes — Bill Law, King 
Surry — David L. Hyatt, Mount Airy 
Swain — Glen McHan, Whittier 
Transylvania — Ralph Fisher, Brevard 
Tyrrell — Irving I. Swain, Columbia 
Union — J. H. Mills, Monroe 
Vance — Walter Finch, Kittrell 
Wake — Chesley S. Smith. Raleigh 
Warren- -W. B. White, Norlina 
Washington — E. A. Harrison, Plymouth 
Watauga — I. B. Wilson 
Wayne- R. E. Cox, Rt. 3, Goldsboro 
Wilkes— E. R. Eller, North Wilkesboro 
Wilson — Thos. J. Moore, Wilson 
Yadkin — Walter Zachary, Yadkinville 
Yancey — Robert Presnell, Burnsville 



PART IV 
ELECTION RETURNS 



ELECTION RETURNS— 1948 
Popular and Electorial Vote for President by States 









Popular Vote 




Electoral Vote 


State 


Truman 
Demo- 
crat 


Dewey 
Repub- 
lican 


Wallace 

Pro- 
gressive 


Thurmond 

States 
Rights 


Truman 
Demo- 
crat 


Dewey 
Repub- 
lican 


Thurmond 

States 
Rights 


Alabama 




40,930 

77,597 

50,959 

1,895,269 

239,714 

437,754 

69,588 
194,347 

76,691 
101,514 
1,961,103 
821,079 
491,018 
423,039 
341,210 

72,657 
150,234 
294,814 
909,370 
993,027 
483,617 
5,043 
655,039 

94,677 
264,774 

29,357 
121,299 
981,124 

80,303 

2,828,764 

258,572 

114,592 

1,445,684 

268,817 

258,216 

1,902,197 

134,892 

5,386 

129,651 

202,914 

282,240 

124,402 

75,926 
173,093 
376,277 
316,251 
590,959 

47,947 


1,522 

3,310 

751 

190,381 

6,115 

13,713 
1,050 

11,683 
1,636 
4,972 


171,443 






11 


Arizona 


95.251 


4 

9 

25 

6 






Arkansas 


149 

1,913 
267 
423 
67 
282 
254 
107 

1,994 
807 
522 
351 
466 
136 
111 
286 

1,151 
958 
692 
19 
917 
116 
224 
31 
107 
895 
105 

2,781 

459 

96 

1,452 
452 
238 

1,752 

188 

34 

117 

270 

750 

149 

45 

202 

462 

429 

647 

52 


659 
134 
288 
297 
813 
328 
646 
370 
715 
833 
380 
902 
756 
344 
916 
521 
788 
595 
966 
384 
315 
769 
165 
291 
995 
455 
464 
599 
070 
323 
791 
782 
861 
426 
619 
423 
567 
402 
700 
151 
557 
808 
781 
188 
310 
3.i;d 


40,068 
1,228 






California 






Colorado 






Connecticut 




8 
3 




Delaware 








Florida 


89,880 
85,055 


8 

12 

4 

28 




Georgia 






Idaho 






Illinois 








Indiana 


9,649 

12,125 

4,603 

1,567 

3,035 

1,884 

9,983 

38,157 

.38,955 

27,866 

225 

3,998 

6,641 




13 




Iowa 




10 




Kansas 




8 




Kentucky 


10,411 
204,290 


11 




Louisiana 




10 


Maine 




5 

8 




Maryland 


2,476 


■l6- • 




Massachusetts 




Michigan 


19 




Minnesota 


" 167,538' 
42 


11 




Mississippi 




9 


Missouri 


15 
4 






Montana 






Nebraska 




6 




Nevada 


1,169 
1,970 

42,683 

1,037 

501,167 

3,915 

8,220 

37,596 


Y 


3 




New Hampshire . . . 


4 
16 






4 "" 




New Mexico 




New York 




47 




North Carolina 


69,652 
379 


14 

■ 25 ' 
10 






4 




Ohio 










Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 


14,661 

55,161 
2,587 
154 
2,801 
1,861 
3,764 
2,679 
1,279 
1,863 

29,745 
3,311 

25,282 
931 




6 
35 




46 


4 ' 






South Carolina. 


102,607 




8 


South Dakota 




4 






73,815 
106,909 


12 

23 

4 




Texas 




. 


Utah 










3 




Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 


42,840 


11 
8 
8 

12 
3 
































Totals 


21,045,052 


21,896,927 


1,137,957 


1,168,687 


304 


189 


38 



1?5 



196 



North Carolina Manual 









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199 



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Election Returns 207 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES 

1940 AND 1944 



1940 

FOR GOVERNOR— 

J. Melville Broughton 147,386 

W. P. Horton 105,915 

A. J. Maxwell 102,095 

Lee Gravely 63,030 

Thos. E. Cooper 33,176 

Paul D. Grady 15,735 

Arthur Simmons 2,058 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

R. L. Harris 150,661 

W. Erskine Smith 127.522 

L. A. Martin 76,861 

D. L. Tompkins 42,672 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— 

Thad Eure 274,408 

Walter Murphy 137,598 

FOR STATE AUDITOR— 

George Ross Pou 262,870 

Charlie Miller 127,600 

FOR COMMLSSIONER OF AGRICULTURE— 

W. Kerr Scott 252.912 

C. Wayland Spruill 157,933 

FOR INSURANCE COMMISSIONER— 

Dan Bonev 266,974 

William B". Oliver 122,107 



1944 

FOR GOVERNOR— 

R. Gregg Cherry 185,027 

Ralph McDonald 134,661 

011a Ray Boyd 2,069 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

L. Y. Balleutine 181,002 

W. I. Halstead 59.2J6 

Jamie T. Lyda 18.9-1" 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— „.„„„. 

Thad Eure HM^. 

W. N. Crawford 55,2(4 

FOR STATE AUDITOR— ,„, o.o 

George Ross Pou ^zV,i, 

Fred S. Hunter ' '■'5' 

FOR STATE TREASURER— 

Charles M. Johnson ^ !'• Jit 

L. J. Phipps •'^■•''^ 



208 



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210 



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Election Returns 



213 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN PRIMARY ELECTION 

MAY 27, 1950 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 
(To fill unexpired term of William P. Hodges) 



Counties 



Alamance . . 
Alexander . . 
Alleghany. . 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort . . . 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick , . 
Buncombe. . 

Burke 

Cabarrus . . 
Caldwell . . . 
Camden .... 
Carteret .... 
Caswell .... 
Catawba . 
Chatham . . . 
Cherokee. . . 
Chowan ... 

Clay 

Cleveland . . 
Columbus. . 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck . . 

Dare 

Davidson . . . 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham. . . . 
Edgecombe . 
Forsyth , . . 
Franklin . . . 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham . . 
Granville. . . 

Greene 

Guilford... 

Halifax 

Harnett. . . . 
Haywood. . . 
Henderson . . 
Hertford , . . 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson . . . . 



Waldo C. 
Cheek 



996 
582 
844 
,041 
035 
238 
609 
430 
,833 
364 
214 
482 
,989 
,559 
662 
,073 
,185 
,099 
,598 
,053 
637 
370 
,323 
,363 
,143 
,857 
826 
604 
,827 
641 
,101 
,476 
,952 
,308 
,285 
,875 
441 
178 
,865 
,214 
,922 
,517 
,888 
,440 
,669 
,237 
874 
554 
,117 
,628 



Hoke R. 
Bostian 



190 

395 

265 

570 

223 

130 

712 

476 

566 

823 

704 

062 

505 

408 

264 

704 

567 

2,227 

587 

750 

278 

348 

3,099 

2.263 

1.333 

1,950 

549 

569 

1.994 

359 

1,337 

1.931 

1,353 

2,606 

1,071 

3,463 

260 

279 

650 

314 

4,535 

1,821 

1,213 

2,169 

1,262 

466 

499 

294 

2,584 

1,290 



Counties 



Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell. . . , 
Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank . . 

Pender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph ... 
Richmond ... 

Robeson 

Rockingham. 

Rowan 

Rutherford . 
Sampson .... 
Scotland .... 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania . 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington . . 
Watauga .... 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals . . . 



Waldo C. 
Cheek 



2, 
3, 
2, 
1, 

2, 

1, 

13, 

1, 
3, 
4, 
7 , 
2, 
1, 
4, 

1, 
1, 

2, 
5, 

3, 
3, 
5, 
4, 
4, 
4, 
1, 
2, 
2, 
1, 
3, 



896 
967 
,792 
,596 
400 
,094 
660 
,258 
,887 
,814 
256 
,543 
,459 
,641 
,148 
,041 
,592 
,130 
706 
,723 
,016 
788 
257 
579 
949 
970 
904 
893 
581 
313 
549 
956 
180 
211 
091 
137 
572 
552 
459 
679 
805 
578 
020 
004 
845 
090 
208 
501 
888 
568 



319,764 



Hoke R. 
Bostian 



2,207 

332 

799 

920 

1,418 

906 

517 

812 

1,298 

5,872 

136 

479 

1,010 

1,529 

3,976 

937 

687 

914 

253 

616 

632 

334 

783 

1,784 

863 

593 

3,026 

2,586 

1,585 

4,590 

2,434 

562 

765 

1,741 

468 

1,523 

466 

1,028 

248 

1,620 

1 , 192 

2,896 

587 

442 

213 

1,511 

1,135 

1,215 

412 

521 



132,640 



214 



North Carolina Manual 



TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTION 

1948 





President 




Democrats 
Harrv S. Truman 
459,070 


Republicans Progressives 
Thomas E. Dewey Henry A. Wallace 
258,572 3,915 

Governor 


States Rights 
James S. Thurmond 
69,652 


W. Kerr Scott 
570,995 


George M. Pritchard Mary Price 
206,166 3,364 

Lieutenant-Governor 




H. P. Taylor 
544,560 


Kyle Haves Kenneth Harris 
206,511 3,368 

Secretary of State 




Thad Eure 
546,480 


James S. Dockery 
207,332 

Auditor (Regular Term) 




Henry L. Bridges 
538,504 


M. V. Hickman 
208,641 

Auditor (Short Term) 




Henry L. Bridges 
537,145 


Treasurer 




Brandon P. Hodges 
538,583 


Ben L. Spence 
209,668 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 




Clyde A. Ervin 
542,052 


Buford T. Henderson 
208,377 

Attorney General 




Harry McMuDan 
538,996 


Herbert F. Seawell, Jr. C. 0. Pearson 
209,443 3,567 

Commissioner of Agriculture (^Regular Term) 




L. Y. Ballentine 

538,594 


Watt H. Gragg John W. t^tubbs 
207,741 3,326 

Commissioner of Agriculture (Short Term) 




D. S. Coltrane 
537,689 


Commissioner of Labor 




Forrest H. Shuford 
539,653 


M. K. Harrill 
207,038 

Commissioner of Insurance 




William P. Hodges 
638,653 


Deems H. Clifton 
207,092 





Election Returns 215 

VOTE FOR GOVERNOR IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES 

1920-1948 

1920 
First Primary 

Cameron Morrison 49 970 

0. Max Gardner ' 48 983 

R. N. Page 30,' 180 

Second Primary 

Cameron Morrison 7q 332 

0. Max Cardner , [ 61073 

1924 

Angus Wilton McLean I5I 197 

Josiah William Bailey 83',574 

NO PRIMARY IN 1928 

1932 

First Primary 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus 162,498 

Richard T. Fountain 115,127 

Allen J. Maxwell 102 032 

Second Primary 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus 182,055 

R'-chard T. Fountain 168,971 

1936 
First Primary 

Clyde R. Hoey 193,972 

Ralph McDonald 189,504 

A. H. Graham 126,782 

John A. McRae 6,606 

Second Primary 

Clyde R. Hoey .266,354 

Ralph McDonald 214,414 

1940 

J. Melville Broughton ; 147,386 

W. P. Horton 105,916 

A. J. Maxwell 102 , 095 

Lee Gravely 63,030 

Thos. E. Cooper 33, 176 

Paul D. Grady 15,735 

Arthur Simmons „ 2 , 058 

1944 

R. Gregg Cherry 185,027 

Ralph McDonald 131.661 

011a Ray Boyd 2,069 

1948 
First Primary 

Charles M. Johnson 170, 141 

W. Kerr Scott 161 ,2(13 

R. Mayne Albright 76,281 

Oscar Barker 10,871 

W. F. Stanley, Sr 2.428 

011a Ray Boyd i' . 1 11 

Second Primary 

W. Kerr Scott 217,620 

Chanes M. Johnson 182,6^4 



216 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 27, 1950, BY DISTRICTS 



FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Thurmond 
Chatham 


A. S. 
Daniels 


(^aswell 




1,861 
10,011 
3,433 
2,520 
4,355 
1,772 
5,009 


652 




4,650 




799 


Person .... 


1,564 




4,911 




650 


Surry 


1,880 








Totals 


28,961 


15,106 







SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Carl T. 
Durham 


Ernest R. 
Williamson 




5,663 

9,545 

15,622 

4,819 


2,325 


Durham 


10,405 


Guilford 


8,5.53 


Orange 


1,757 










35,649 


23 040 







( 'ounties 


F. Ertcl 
Carlyle 


.James R. 
Parker 


Edward C, 
Snead 


Bladen 

Brunswick 

Columbus 


4,143 
2,125 
5,825 
6,191 
3,892 
5,894 
9,689 


462 
316 

1,134 
491 

1,114 
834 
850 


1,231 

606 

2,018 

2,476 


Harnett 

New Hanover 

Robeson 


807 
7,154 
1,276 


Totals 


37,759 


5,201 


15,568 



Election Returns 



217 



EIGHTH C0N5R,E:i?I0N\L DISTRICT 



Counties 


C.B. 
Deane 


W. E. 
Horner 


Anson 


2,961 
4,432 
847 
927 
2,001 
1,282 
2,785 
5,048 
2,071 
3,823 
3,789 
1,382 


1,956 
2 972 


Davidson 


Davie 


764 


Hoke . . . 


782 


Lee 


2 573 


M ontgomery 


1 347 


Moore 


2 517 


Richmond 


4 381 


Scotland 


1 712 


Union 


2 250 


Willies 


1 690 


Yadkin 


421 








Totals 


31,348 


23 365 







TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Hamilton C. 
./ones 


Edgar T. 
Williams 


P.O. 
Burkholde: 


Averv 


455 

5,581 

5,162 

3,893 

18,277 

472 


47 

423 

867 

013 

3,153 

18 


25 


Burke 


344 


Catawba 


506 


Lincoln 

Mecklenburg 


303 
2,774 


Mitchell 


19 






Totals 


33,840 


5,121 


3,971 







218 



North Carolina Manual 



ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Charles E. 


Woodrow W. 


J. Nat 


Mickey 


Counties 


Hamilton 


Jones 


Hamrick 


Walker 


Cleveland 


2,574 


5,646 


2,593 


333 


Gaston 


11,144 


1,139 


815 


378 


Madison 


253 


1,288 


413 


75 


McDowell 


797 


2,088 


919 


578 


Polk 


586 


1,269 


384 


160 


Rutherford 


350 


6,685 


1,156 


227 


Yancey 


157 


1,208 


49 


21 


Totals 


15,861 


19,323 


6,329 


1,772 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN SECOND PRIMARY, 

JUNE 24, 1950 



ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Charles E. 
Hamilton 


Woodrow W. 
Jones 


Cleveland . . . 


3,033 

11,435 

425 

1,400 
824 
490 
234 


8,116 


Gaston 


1,312 




1,604 


McDowell 


3,121 


Polk 


1,613 


Rutherford 


7,522 


Yancey . . 


1,706 








Totals 


17,841 


24,994 







Election Returns 



219 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN REPUBLICAN PRIMARY, 

MAY 27, 1950 



SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



• 


Counties 


H. Grady 
Dorsett 


A. A. 
McDonald 


Alamance 


531 
53 
91 
33 


414 


Durham 


99 


Guilford 


175 


Orange 


25 








Totals 


708 


713 







220 



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ai^iniMing q pajjiy 




CO 


2 


o 


CO 


•c 


CO 






CO 


oo 




nBai]qnd3)j 


cr 
O 


cc 


cc 

s 


to 


cr 

oc 


CO 

>— 1 




s 

t^ 


CO 
cc 




CD 
CO 

00 


CO 

CI 


Aaupa -y '0 


(M 


'^ 


cc 


'-^ 


CC 


-f 


-r 


M 


cq 


CO 


CO 


^■BJOoraaQ 






oc 

CO 


CO 
CO 
CO 


oc 

CO 
CO 


oc 


r- 
co 


OO 


o 
c^ 


cc 
cc 


CO 

oo 

-V 




81J[mAiing -q pajjiy 




»c 


cc 


CO 


oc 


-^ 


C<l 


t^ 




cq 


CO 




UBOijqnday 


CO 

oc 


a- 
cc 


5 


oo 


g 


CO 

o 


cc 
cc 


o 

CO 

CO 


cc 

CO 


t^ 


cO 

o 


CO 

OS 


SEUof -y sajj^qo 


<M 


»n 


CC 


<M 


cc 


-r 


•V 


io 


CO 


CO 


CO 


^BJOoniaQ 


o 


cc 


CO 


o 
oo 


tr- 
ee 


cc 


OC 








CO 




aRui^ing 1 paJJlV 




iC 


oc 


c^ 




-^ 


ca 


t- 




CO 


CO 
CD 




UBOijqnda-y; 


CO 

00 


cc 


cc 

oc 


CO 


cr 

cc 


CO 

cr 


OC 


CO 


o 

CO 


cq 


Ci 


o 

CO 
Oi 


SBUof -y sajJBqo 




-^ 


iC 


(M 


t-- 


CO 


cq 


"^ 


(N 


CO 


CO 


^BJDOUiaQ 


oc 


oc 

s 


C^ 




o 


cc 
oc 


OC 


CO 




cc 


05 

1 2 




ai3[U!Mina -q pajjiy 




-r 


t-- 


T— < 


o 


CO 




c- 




C^ 






UBOijqnday 






cc 


(M 
t^ 


I-- 


CO 

cr 


CO 

cc 
cr 




oc 

CO 
CO 


oc 

CO 


05 
C3 
t^ 


QO 

1 - 


SBUOf v sajJBqo 


CO 


-rp 


l> 


-r 


oc 


CO 


co 


00 


CO 


CO 


05 


^BJOomaQ 


o 


cc 
oc 


cr- 
CC 


CO 

oc 

oo 


oc 

cc 


CO 
CO 


cc 


CO 


oc 
a- 




CO 




a[3iniMing -q pajjjy 




cc 


iC 


o 


oc 


CO 




CO 




(N 


CO 




.2 

-♦3 

a 

3 

a 


> 

< 




c<3 


CO 

1 

o 


i= 

V 


c 

c- 
.£ 


c 
c 


3 

c := 

■Si 


> 

a. 

c 
C 





230 



North Carolina Manual 



us 






(3» 






r-i 












94 






■* 






o> 






r-l 


H 




w 


o 




rn 


OS 




w 






Ci 


Q 




O 


►J 




Iz; 


-< 




o 


o 


-- 


u 


1— t 


-r 

m 








o 




-o 


M 


o 


o 


tt 


o 




w 


K 




pa 


H 




S 


2; 




H 


H 




S 






(ii 


z 




O 






^ 






^ 






H 






O 






> 











c 
















1 




O S2 

.2 a 


CO 


t^ 


to 


CD 


-rf to 


,-H 






05 


t^ 


cc 


CO 


CM CM 


OS 




3 




f 


t^ 


t-- 


CM CM 


*o 




3 O 


3 
P. 


IM 


iC 


x" 


CO 


co' CM*" 


CO 


O 

OS 




Pi 






























1— I 


O 0) 


2 


»M 


^_, 


o 


lO 


'^ Ol 


■-H 




ii e 


u 


t^ 


o 


<M 


r— 


— o 


Oi 




.— o 


o 


t^ 


CO 


OO 


00 


t- .-H 


lO 




a ^ 
►So 


a 




t-^ 


00 


■rt" 


CD r-T 


CO 




Q 












CO 






<p 


















> 
















a =9 




t^ 




>n 


t- 


CO -rji 


t- 






CM 


^ 






CM 

CM 
























£ 
































3 « 


C^ 


CO 


Oi 


CO 


^ o 


r-H 


CO 






CO 


o 


00 


TT Oi 


CM 


05 


3 

3 

a 


CO 


00 


oc 


CO 


O 00 
00 CM 


CO 
CM 




Pi K 












CO 






tf 














o o 


s 


'* 


CO 


m 


b- 


CM ^ 


CO 




J± G 


o 


Oi 


as 


o 


CD 


w t- 


'TT 




^ O 


O 


t^ 


CO 


o 


iC 


CO Ol 


O 




a ^ 
►So 


a 




t^ 




"^ 


CO 


go' 




Q 






" 




CM 


^ 




ll 


c 
















n3 


03 


CD 


o 


t-- 


CM 


— o 


CD 




"1 




CD 


■^ 


CO 


-r 


-r -^ 


OS 




;3 




o 


CD 


iC 


as t- 


o 




3 


:3 

CD 


M 


»o 


in 


co' 


CM T-H 


CM 


CO 

CI 


ea 


tf 
































O Qi 


1 


CO 


, 


oo 


CO 


o as 


-t** 




ii c 


CJ 


CO 


CD 


CO 


CD 


as Ci 






^ o 


o 


CD 


CM 




CM 


lO CD 


CD 




a '^ 


a 

Q 




co' 


co' 


■^ 


cd" 


CM 






















CM 


,— 1 


•^ 


CO 


CD ^ 


r- 






as 


CO 


lO 


l>- 


05 -^ 


»o 




Is 


3 


05 


Id 


Oi 


'^ 


Ci 00 


t-^ 




3 


(M 


»c 


cd' 


CO 


'^'" cm' 


cd" 

CM 


05 


1-1 


Bi 


















































^■| 


C3 


l>. 


CM 


It- 


■^ 


-rt< ^^ 


lO 




o 


oo 


CD 


cm 


'^ 


00 o 






O 


t^ 


CO 


o 




t- o 






° H 


a 




CD* 


c 


''T 


t— ' »-H 


o' 




Q 










CM 


lO 






g 

o 


















iC 


t- 


CM 


Oi 


OO -r 


»o 








CD 


t- 


CM 


o -^ 


CO 




3 


as 


O 


CD 


CD 


C^l o 


»Ci 




C3 O 


3 


^ 


O 


"^ 


CO 


"^ CM 


— r 




o 


ST 












CJ 






PS 






























T-H 


a a 
o o 


-1-3 


CD 


00 


^ 


-* 


CM -rt* 


»o 




t; M 




CM 




-f 


t- 


t^ »c 


oo 




OJ ■;:" 




iC 


CO 


CM 


CD 


. ^, ^ 


r- 




31 


a 




»c 


CD 


CO 


■ o' 


CD*" 




Q 












CM 




CO 






















v 




















•43 

a 














tf 






O 








i 


C 


J3 




« 






£ 

a 
< 




1 




C 

2 


1 
s 


^ 





Election Returns 



231 



■<!(• 




A 




iH 




CO 




N 




Oi 




iH 


H 




o 


M 


PS 


W 


H 


H 


CO 


tf 


O 






o 


O 


u 


f^ 




w 


(£< 


rt 


o 


o 




o 


02 


o 


fij 


w 


u 


H 


CQ 


ii 
H 


^, 


> 


w 




g 


W 




Q 


tf 


^ 



o 

Em 

H 
O 





UBOiiqnds^ 


00 


r-- 


ro 


r^ 


o 


lO 


on 


O 


^ 


05 


CD 




o 






o 


*C 




on 


Of) 


o^ 


I-- 




f 




OO 


OS 


OS 


o 




t^ 


ifS 


>— 1 


o 


c^ 


CD 


co 


^M 


CM 


-^ 


OS 


c^ 


o 






najjBf jjuBjj ?jaqoji 


t^ 


C^) 


^ 


^ 


M 


CO 


M 


M 


CM 




CO 


.-4 


CM 


'^ 


<=) 
































s • 






























































l— ' 








T_| 








CO 








»o 




T-H 






}BJ0Ora3Q 


CSI 


c^ 




cr 


h- 


CO 


h- 


"^ 


cc 




"^ 


■n^ 


CO 


CD 






1— < 




CO 


C^l 


'rr 


•o 


c^ 




iC 


OS 


-* 


CM 


t-^ 




J3AE8^ noinqsg 




CO 


^ 


^ 


00 


CD 


-^ 


m 


CM 


c^ 


00 


C^ 


CO 


O 
t^ 




nBaiiqnda^ 


1 


lO 


r- 




CO 




OS 


-rt* 


on 


h- 


CD 


tn 


t^ 


CCI 




<M 


r-- 


CD 


Oi 


C>4 


(M 


t^ 


OS 


or 


or 






tfi 






Oi 


c: 


C^ 


C^ 


a> 


00 


t- 


C^ 


cc 




■n* 


CO 


00 


OS 


QO 
CO 
OS 


jaSpng -q ouno^ 


CD 


CO 


-- 


.— t 


1— 1 


CO 


CQ 


CM 


^ 




•* 


'-' 


'-' 


CO 


















CO 




CD 


o 






oo 




jBJOoraaQ 


Uli 


rr 


•rr 




OT: 


OS 


O^ 


CO 


•^ 


r- 


t^ 


h- 


CO 


o 




:0 


-^ 


»o 


^ 


-rf 


iC 


-r 


o 


iC 














jaABaj\^ nojnqaz 


oo 


CO 


'- 


^ 


lO 


-* 


'Tf 


•^ 


C<l 


CM 


t^ 


CSl 


CM 


CO 




UEOjiqnda^ 


C^l 


CO 


CO 


^__, 


o 


T 


m 


CO 


^ 


Ol 


Os 


T 


OS 


CO 




CO 


cc 


CT 


u: 


OS 


lO 


IT 


CO 


iT. 


-f 


-^ 


o 


oo 


-rr 




CO 


c^ 


ur: 


cc 


(TJ 


Oi 






ir. 


t^ 








CO 




^jajjBf "H apXio 


OS 


CO 


^ 


^ 


CO 


-^t* 


CO 


CO 


Oi 




'^ 


CM 


' ^^ 


CO 


CD 
































CO 

05 






























































-—1 




1-t 










,_H 


CD 


o 






o 






to 




^BjaoraaQ 


1-H 


CO 


C<1 






CO 
OS 




to 


c^ 

CM 


CM 


4? 


oc 


in 

CO 


CD 




jaABS \^ noinqaz 


CO 


CO 


^ 


^ 


oo 


»o 


T 


»c 


CO 


CM 


OS 


CM 


CM 


CO 




UBDi[qndaa 


_ 


^ 


-r 


-f 


ro 


rsi 


rr 


OS 


»o 


cr 


^ 


-^ 


CD 


I-- 




t- 


-r 


o. 


^ 


cr 


CO 


cr 


iO 


«: 


o 


-o 


»c 


f 








r^ 


CO 


CO 


■^ 


t^ 


00 


UO 


CO 






t-- 




.— 1 


CO 

05 


^lABa^ -g H 


t^ 


CO 


'-' 




Cl 


CO 


C<1 


CM 


CM 




UO 


^ 


^ 


00 
CO 


















CO 


o 


rN 


t^ 




CD 


OS 




jBJOomaQ 


CO 




r^ 


c 


CO 




cr 


oo 


c: 


iC 


OS 


c^ 


CO 


OS 




t^ 




CO 


c^ 


oo 


OS 






c^ 


CM 




^-' 




^^ 




jaABa^w no[nqaz 


CO 


CO 


^ 


'-^ 


lO 


^ 


'* 


■^ 


CO 


CM 


CO 


CM 


CM 


CD 
U3 






-t* 


c— 1 


rvi 


ro 


CO 


rrs 


r^ 


CD 


cr 


c: 


r^ 


r^ 


ift 


o 




uBOtiqnday 


CO 


Of 




C^ 


OS 


OS 


or 


-^ 


c: 


or 


-r 


»c 


CM 


oo 




CO 




CO 


tM 


OS 




oc 


CO 


oc 


■-t 


i^- 


cr 


t^ 


•— ' 


CO 

2 


samEf \j pjojMBjj 


00 


CO 


^ 




C^l 


TJH 


C<1 


CM 


CM 




■^ 


^ 


^ 


OS 
CO 












, 




:r 




^ 


or 


— < 


cr 


, 


t^ 




'jBJDoraaQ 






1-^ 


-^ 




rrt 


"7 


r-- 


iC 


O' 


cs» 


Of 


-Tt^ 


CD 




t^ 


CO 


CO 


CO 


OS 


CO 




•— « 
















jaAE3j\^ noinqag 


00 


CO 


'-^ 


^ 


CD 


lO 


'Tt^ 


CO 


'T 


C<) 


oc 


CM 


CM 


CD 






o 


'^l 


r-1 




■^ 


in 


CO 


lO 


OS 


CM 


t^ 


CO 


t- 


■rp 




UBO!]qndajj 


Tf 


r^ 


r^ 


a 


CO 


r^ 




o 


CO 


CC 


oo 


or 


»0 


CM 






lO 






iO 




CM 




CM 




"^ 


'— 








nosjjOBf MojUMOjg 


^ 


(N 


■ ^ 


' ^ 


c^ 


Tf" 


CO 


CM 


CM 




'^ 


CM 


^ 


^ 


o 




»-H 




























CO 
03 






























































I-« 










o 


_H 








iC 


o 


OS 


cr 


O 


-* 




■^Bjooraag 




r^ 


r^ 


ir 


t>- 


iC 


r-- 


UO 


CD 


CO 


CM 


CC 


'^ 


CO 




»o 


'^ 


cs 


<M 


C^l 


i^- 


oc 


o 


00 


c: 


CO 


o- 


CO 


OS 




jaAB9^ noinqag 


CD 


(M 


^ 




lO 


co 


CO 


-* 


CM 


CM 


iC 


"^ 


CSI 


CM 






<c> 


ir 


rci 


^ 


oa 


rr\ 


CT 


CO 


»C 


o- 


CD 


■^ 


t^ 


WD 




UBOjiqnda^j 


oo 

OS 


CD 
OS 


o 


05 


CO 
OS 


CD 
UO 


OC 

CO 


CM 


E; 


CC 


CO 


CO 
CO 


g 


s 




pjBqa^lijj -j^ -oao 


-^ 


<M 


' ,-H 




CO 


-^ 


CO 


CO 


cq 




lO 


CM 


(M 


OS 


00 




»— * 


























































































r— 












,_! 


,_H 


o 


,_ ( 


If. 


O 


r- 


'Tf 


05 


t^ 




^BJDoraaQ 


CO 




oc 
o- 


s 


OS 


oo 


CO 


sg 




i^ 


^ 


03 




a 




jaAEa^ nopqaz 


-^ 


(N 




I— 1 


Tf 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CM 




U3 


'-' 


-^ 


00 




J 


<o 










£3 




n 






? 




2 
'a 


J9 




5 


■6 
o 

a 

3 

Da 


a 

a. 

a. 




1 


11 


c 
c 
a: 

c 


1 i 




Pi 


c 


> 

& 

a 

2 


1 



232 



North Carolina Manual 



SPECIAL ELECTION TO FILL THE UNEXPIRED TERM 

OF THE LATE A. L. BULWINKLE 

NOVEMBER 7, 1950 



ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Counties 


Woodrow 

W, Jones 
Democrat 


A. W. 

Whitehurst 
Republican 


Cleveland 




4,171 

8,286 
2,571 
4,667 
2,598 
6,359 
2,808 


581 


Gaston ... 


2,637 


Madison 


3,829 


McDowell 


2,263 


Polk 


1,628 


Rutherford 


2,259 


Yancey -■ 


2,098 








Totals 


31,460 


15,295 







Election Returns 



233 



in 




OS 




i-< 




C<l 




•<* 




Oi 




1-H 






H 






02 

02 


rt 
H 


H 


CO 


0^ 


Q 


O 


►J 


^ 




O 


o 


u 


02 




CQ 


!^ 


w 
rt 


O 


z 


t« 


p 


04 


X 


Cfl 


Z 


S 


> 


H 
g 




OS 




O 


z 


tM 




H 




H 




O 




t> 







^ ^ 1 
















1 


1 




A. W. 

'hitehurs 
epublicai 


CO •-- «o cc CO -r CO 


CO 




O CD CM CO -r OC "^ 


05 




lO CI CO — 1 CD <M -— 


(M 




Cs) CO CM ^ C<l" cf 


-f 


O 


^ ^ 






05 
























o 5i 2 


(M -H C<1 CD CD CO t^ 


CM 




fc- 5 cj 


O CJ '-H CO Oi CO O 






-o ° o 


■^ ^ iri CD t^ CO (M 


1- 




8 ^ B 


^ oc ca n' cq CD CO 






js^o 




CO 




« >. i 


CTi CO CD CO CO t-- CO 


•^ 




.s S 3 


t- CD CD CO CI ^ Tl 






^ -^ -* C^ lO Cvl CM 


s 


00 


Calv 

Ed: 

Repu 


^ CD CM CO --' tT (M 


CM 
















•"* 


GJ -*J 








L. 

■inkl 
ocra 


"^ O CD O lO 05 »0 


c^ 




CD t— CD CM C^l C<» Cn 






<M CC» -rt^ CD -^ CO CD 


o 




<; ^ a 


l>. (M -r (M CS| O. CO 


o' 






^ 




m Q 








^ ^ 








'-s 3 








u 


<M O CD CO iC -- CD 


CO 






T-H Tf !>. o CO ca uo 


-r 




^^ &S 


O ^ CM O t- <M t- 


'— ' 




o g g. 


w" CO CO cq --« -rf C^ 


CO 




C3 "=i 






CD 


Z « 






















OJ -t-= 








. 3 2 


CM iC t-^ ift CD CO CD 


-r 




J .§ s 


OJ CO »0 ■— ' Oi •— ' CO 


-r 




CC lO O CO 1— 1 C^ CO 


lO 






ci kTi CM CO TCI CD CO 


iC 






CM 




ea Q 








g 








S 

o 


O t-- GO O OS (M CO 


OS 






"^ (M Oi CO "^ CO O 


CM 




.-. .-H r-H ,-1 lO CO CO 


00 






C^ 40 n- (M '-' -^ C<1 


CM 


^ 


rt 






OS 














'^ 










L. 

•inkl 

ocra 


irq 05 cji CO CJi w CO 


CD 




CO c:- 'rf ir- CO (M o 


t^ 




1— I OS (M Oi -^ lO CO 


lO 




<% i 


GO CO (M CO CQ t- CO 


^* 






-^ 




n Q 








OJ +J 








3 2 


GO CO -* CD -^ CJ5 CD 


o 


C^ 


J .H § 


CD Oi »f3 00 CO CD '-- 


t- 


■^ 


O O OO C5 ^ OJ ^ 


CM 


Oi 


<i ^ a 


»i XO -r" C^ ^ CO 


CM 




85 Q 








m 






















OJ 
































































s 
















^ 




3 

o 












-o 


s 




O 


t3 

Id 


§1 




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North Carolina Manual 



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Election Returns 



235 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
PRIMARY, MAY 27, 1950 



County 


Willis 
Smith 


Frank P. 
Graham 


Robert R. 
Reynolds 


011a Ray 
Boyd 




3,137 

687 

784 

2,235 

413 

162 

2,454 

1,386 

2.853 

1,014 

4,760 

2,258 

5,575 

2,980 

869 

2,038 

1,193 

3,834 

1,635 

679 

779, 

386 

6,208 

4,962 

2,270 

5,055 

1,238 

420 

2,610 

312 

2,769 

6,397 

2,942 

5,219 

3,367 

6,701 

834 

376 

2,457 

695 

9,900 

4,457 

2,502 

2,241 

2,420 

976 

941 

451 

5,278 

1.549 

4,420 

668 


4,484 

600 

1,034 

2,313 

1,350 

356 

2,025 

1,610 

2.590 

1,940 

12,719 

4,469 

4,034 

2.613 

400 

2,571 

1,265 

3,303 

1,741 

1,430 

764 

431 

4,332 

3,576 

3.194 

4.067 

711 

1,286 

4,353 

1,137 

4,305 

12,630 

4,082 

8.894 

1,817 

6,072 

478 

259 

1,711 

1,584 

13,758 

3,584 

3,529 

5,595 

2,012 

1,565 

642 

738 

4,712 

2,249 

5.963 

1,142 


601 
126 
299 
407 
91 
50 
191 
150 
574 
456 

7,484 
294 

1,767 
534 
111 
415 
284 
776 
529 
290 
31 
104 
968 
833 
895 
747 
195 
177 
492 
121 
349 

1,112 
423 

1.144 
858 

1,473 

101 

70 

567 

135 

1,829 
738 
434 
606 
955 
230 
115 
83 

1,107 
333 
789 
311 


61 




1 




12 




42 


Ashe 


1 




2 


Beaufort 


145 


Bertie 


18 


Bladen 


57 




54 




206 


Burke 


27 




209 


Caldwell 


68 




9 


Carteret 


24 


Caswell 


43 




51 


Chatham 


13 




18 




4 


Clay 


5 


Cleveland 


138 




104 




175 




60 




8 


Dare 


11 




42 




11 




54 




158 . 


Edgecombe 


56 




59 


Franklin 


92 




187 


Gates 


7 







Granville 


16 


Greene 


25 


Guilford 


159 


Halifax 


121 


Harnett 


34 


Haywood 


121 




63 


Hertford 


25 


Hoke 


14 


Hyde 


28 


Iredell 


67 


Jackson 


43 




124 


Jonea 


23 



236 



North Carolina Manual 



Vote for United States Senator 
Primary, May 27, 1950— (Continued) 



County 


Willis 
Smith 


Frank P. 
Graham 


Robert R. 
Reynolds 


Olla Ray 
Boyd 


Lee 


1,978 
1,791 
2,233 

929 

1,009 

1,267 

2,067 

14,963 

109 
1,293 
2,548 
3,934 
5,310 
2,220 
1,206 
1,234 

773 
1,764 
1,059 
1,179 
2,092 
4,519 
1,1S9 
2,193 
3.847 
4,512 
2,652 
3,870 
4,203 - 

842 
2,541 
2,229 

394 
2,480 
1,063 

733 

548 

2,847 

2,623 

10,346 

1,825 

558 

514 
4,347 
1,5.57 
3,204 

499 

473 


2,286 
3,711 
2,887 
1,904 

905 

3,218 

1,906 

10,245 

393 

971 
2,281 
4.464 
6,740 
1,908 
2,221 
5,212 

823 
1,418 
1,110 

657 
2,087 
4,319 

980 
2,381 
4,163 
6,850 
4,937 
6,041 
2,517 
2,943 
1,116 
2,242 
1,912 
4,044 

511 
2,011 

492 
2,762 
3,118 
10,405 
1,267 
1,241 
1,217 
5,406 
3,721 
3,465 
1,238 

940 


361 
723 
462 
270 
216 
196 
900 

1,364 

39 

383 

514 

488 

2,. 346 
266 
660 
443 
159 
149 
349 
46 
500 
397 
374 
342 

1,144 
<04 

1,339 

1,233 

1,645 
96 
208 
559 
141 
481 
222 
455 
138 
536 
910 

1,362 
314 
105 
18 
584 
239 
439 
120 
59 


35 


Lenoir 

Lincoln 


56 
30 


Macon 

Madison 

Martin 


32 

18 

100 


McDowell 


27 


Mecklenburg 


110 


Mitchell 


1 


Montgomery 


11 


Moore 

Nash 


31 
118 


New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 


124 
32 
45 


Orange 

Pamlico 


34 
33 


Pasquotank 


12 


Pender 


14 




3 


Person 


46 


Pitt 


459 


Polk 


26 


Randolph 


34 


Richmond 


184 


Robeson 

Rockingham 


83 
101 


Rowan 

Rutherford 


149 
72 


Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 


13 
36 
67 
23 


Surrv 


51 


o •■' 

owam 


9 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 


33 
19 

78 

64 

103 


Warren 


26 


Washington 

Watauga 


48 
4 


Wayne 

Wilkes 


98 
16 


Wilson 


79 


Yadkin 


13 


Yancey 


5 






Totals 


250,222 


303,605 


58,752 


5,900 



Election Returns 



237 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
SECOND PRIMARY, JUNE 24, 1950 



County 


Frank P. 
Graham 


Willis 
Smith 


Alamance . . 


4,200 

975 

■ 590 

2,290 

1,699 

394 

1,722 

1,242 

1,872 

1,536 

10,185 

4,334 

2,852 

1,964 

321 

1,976 

981 

2,700 

1,354 

1,625 

682 

329 

4,701 

2,770 

2.176 

3,747 

682 

691 

4,243 

1.049 

3,185 

10,973 

3,497 

8,213 

1,800 

5,975 

437 

329 

1.343 

1,328 

12.606 

2,206 

3,387 

3,974 

2,070 

997 

518 

553 

4,192 

1,293 

5.039 

634 


3 494 




897 


Alleghany 


1 166 


Anson 


2 818 


Ashe 


765 




201 


Beaufort 


3,452 


Bertie 


1 454 


Bladen 


2,892 


Brunswick 


1 738 




6 311 


Burke 


2 434 




5 664 


Caldwell ... 


2 416 


Camden 


650 


Carteret 


1,629 


Caswell 


1 569 




4,492 


Chatham 


2 217 




760 


Chowan . . 


700 


Clay 


359 




7,004 




6,000 




3,205 


Cumberland 


6,595 


Cur itack 


1,212 


Dare 


298 




2,982 




313 


D uplin 


3,251 




6,404 


Edgecombe 


3,271 


Forsyth 


5,276 


Franklin 


3,918 


Gaston 


7,279 




845 


Graham 


452 




2,878 


Greene 


921 




10,147 


Halifax 


3,659 




3,663 


Haywood 


1,719 




3.869 


Hertford . . . . . . 


1,056 


Hoke 


989 


Hyde 


600 


Iredell 


6.062 




1.186 




6.736 


Jones 


670 



238 



North Carolina Manual 



Vote For United States Senator 
Second Primary, June 24, 1950— (Con't.) 



County 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln ^ 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 

Montgomery 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 



Frank P. 
Graham 



,513 
,163 
,179 
323 
,907 
,390 
555 
,701 
459 
,028 
033 
812 
,761 
,352 
763 
,269 
586 
179 
796 
394 
,099 
,430 
,172 
,133 
,616 
,281 
,879 
,620 
860 
880 
840 
,334 
,792 
,081 
461 
,524 
414 
,933 
,777 
,247 
,018 
,229 
,434 
,199 
,547 
,915 
,307 
,173 



261,789 



Willis 
Smith 

2,173 

2,606 

2,149 

506 

213 

1,436 

2,424 

15,067 

136 

1,872 

2,988 

4,737 

6,284 

1,985 

1,591 

1,462 

852 

1,574 

1,383 

1,016 

2,933 

4,571 

1,450 

2,605 

2,824 

4,489 

2,110 

3,382 

5,070 

1,444 

2,547 

3,100 

535 

2,436 

926 

647 

544 

3,759 

3,240 

13,930 

1,972 

937 

487 

4,998 

1,557 

4,320 

513 

796 

281,114 



Election Returns 



239 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
NOVEMBER 7, 1950 



County 



Alamance . . 
Alexander. . 
Alleghany. . 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort . . 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick . 
Buncombe . 

Burke 

Cabarrus . . 
Caldwell , . . 
Camden . . . 
Carteret . . . 
Caswell. . . . 
Catawba . . . 
Chatham. . . 
Cherokee . . . 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland . 
Columbus . . 
Craven . . , . 
Cumberland 
Currituck . . 

Dare 

Davidson . 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 
Edgecombe . 
P'orsyth .... 
Franklin . . . 
Gaston. . . . 

Gates 

Graham 
Granville 

Greene 

Guilford . 
Halifax .... 
Harnett. . . . 
Haywood. . 
Henderson . 
Hertford . . . 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson. . . . 
Johnston . . 
Jones.. 



Regular Term 



Clyde R. 

Hoey 
Democrat 



,318 
,353 
,844 
,842 
,963 
827 
,856 
,048 
,691 
,868 
,970 
,620 
,873 
,008 
245 
,159 
845 
,537 
,039 
,842 
571 
,5.53 
,206 
183 
459 
661 
707 
652 
609 
237 
773 
932 
146 
693 
093 
716 
336 
097 
501 
766 
422 
625 
410 
722 
146 
959 
803 
426 
630 
551 
311 
649 



Halsey B. 

Leavitt 
Republican 



3,891 

2,588 

992 

167 

4,109 

2,137 

221 

19 

101 

1,616 

6,240 

5,380 

2,474 

3,839 

16 

785 

116 

8,261 

1,488 

2,735 

27 

1,395 

531 

308 

202 

346 

20 

71 

8,081 

2,498 

267 

1,324 

130 

2,857 

67 

2,290 

17 

1,390 

97 

16 

3,403 

129 

1,068 

1,629 

4,273 

35 

24 

42 

3,155 

3,241 

2,577 

27 



Unexpired Term 



Will's 

Smith 

Democrat 



7,707 
3,315 
1,834 
1,812 
4,929 

785 
1,819 
2,355 
1,701 
2,852 
16,068 
7,457 
7,845 
5,601 

244 
3,091 

831 
9,472 
2,898 
3,808 

554 
1,553 
4,038 
3,158 
2,371 
2,623 

714 

631 
10,149 
2,146 
2,698 
5,351 
2,031 
7,906 
2,045 
8,143 

325 
1,692 
1,482 

756 
10,437 
3,553 
4,246 
5,638 
5,006 
1,892 

787 

413 
6,629 
4,540 
6,991 

640 



E. I.. 

Gavin 

Republican 



4,258 

2,605 

1 004 

197 

4,121 

2,149 

252 

22 

144 

1,637 

5,803 

5,470 

2,478 

3,844 

19 

843 

123 

8,312 

1,610 

2,751 

30 

1,.392 

577 

338 

248 

388 

25 

69 

8,259 

2,553 

320 

1,C38 

178 

3,038 

107 

2,365 

18 

1,393 

97 

16 

3,765 

185 

1,259 

1,677 

4,376 

54 

26 

44 

3,16,) 

3,247 

2,766 

30 



Frank P. 
Graham* 
Democrat 

64 
1 




1 
3 


107 

16 
9 






17 






18 
8 



36 

3 

6 

254 



369 

2 



2 





2 

334 

14 

U) 


4 



34 
(I 

16 




240 



North Carolina Manual 



Vote for United States Senator, November 7, 1950— (Con't.) 



County 



Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell — 
Mecklenburg . 

Mitchell 

Montgomery . 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank . . 

Pender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph . . . . 
Richmond. . , . 

Robeson 

Rockingham . . 

Rowan 

Rutherford . . . 

S.vmpson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania . 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington . . 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals . 



Regular Term 



Clyde R. 

Hocy 
Democrat 



70S 
772 
157 
529 
8')2 
383 
610 
839 
142 
978 
393 
339 
659 
670 
243 
641 
834 
132 
010 
472 
219 
290 
813 
353 
328 
798 
259 
557 
313 
658 
103 
6.53 
983 
452 
024 
153 
941 
310 
545 
347 
268 
874 
532 
534 
813 
479 
613 
249 



376,472 



Halsey B. 

Leavitt 

Republican 



492 
116 
3,634 
2,445 
3,263 
36 
2,240 
3,646 



2,218 

2,262 

1,472 

190 

702 

33 

85 

691 

185 

143 

45 

28 

125 

142 

1,643 

7,647 

238 

160 

2,251 

3,463 

2,307 

5,101 

61 

5,900 

2,877 

3,504 

1,053 

2,551 

294 

248 

140 

1,359 

50 

126 

3,389 

554 

8,217 

182 

3,440 

2,150 



171,804 



Unexpired Term 



Willis 

Smith 

Democrat 



398 
645 
098 
510 
875 
356 
621 
751 
112 
912 
343 
320 
432 
635 
223 
959 
829 
116 
001 
435 
180 
190 
757 
048 
265 
730 
861 
167 
971 
445 
092 
414 
914 
314 
009 
025 
915 
200 
504 
689 
240 
870 
492 
479 
701 
381 
538 
218 



364,912 



E. L. 

Gavin 

Republican 



177,753 



Frank P 

Graham* 

Democrat 

8 

35 



2 


78 



5 

10 
8 

389 
1 
5 




10 


2 
9 

59 
9 
4 
4 
5 

6 






166 

10 

15 


32 


57 





2,259* 



*Write-in votes 



Election Returns 241 

VOTE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 



Proposed amendments to the Constitution of North Carolina 
submitted to a vote of the people at the General Election, 

November 7, 1950 



No. 1 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 579, Session Laws 1949. 
Article I, Section 12 

"But any person, when represented by counsel, may, under such 
regulations as the Legislature shall prescribe, waive indictment 
in all except capital cases." 

No. 2 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 821, Session Laws 1949. 
Article II, Section 31 

"Sec. 31. The General Assembly shall not use, or authorize 
to be used, nor shall any agency of the State, public officer or 
public employee use or authorize to be used the funds, or any 
part of the funds, of the Teachers' and State Employees' Retire- 
ment System except for retirement system purposes. The funds 
of the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System shall 
not be applied, diverted, loaned to or used by the State, any State 
agency, State officer, public officer or employee except for pur- 
poses of the Retirement System: Provided, that nothing in this 
Section shall prohibit the use of said funds for the payment of 
benefits, administrative expenses and refunds as authorized by 
the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement Law, nor shall 
anything in this provision prohibit the proper investment of said 
funds as may be authorized by law." 



242 North Carolina Manual 

No. 3 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 1267, Session Laws 1949. 
Article II, Section 28 

"Sec. 28. Pay of Members and Presiding Officers of the Gen- 
eral Assembly. The members of the General Assembly for the 
term for which they have been elected shall receive as a com- 
pensation for their services the sum of fifteen dollars ($15.00) 
per day for each day of their session, for a period not exceed- 
ing ninety days; and should they remain longer in session they 
shall serve without compensation. The compensation of the presid- 
ing officers of the two houses shall be twenty dollars ($20.00) 
per day for a period not exceeding ninety days. Should an extra 
session of the General Assembly be called, the members and 
presiding officers shall receive a like rate of compensation for a 
period not exceeding twenty-five days." 

No. 4 
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 393, Session Laws 1949. 
Article IV, Section 10 

"Sec. 10. Judicial Districts for Superior Courts. The General 
Assembly shall divide the State into a number of judicial districts 
which number may be increased or reduced and shall provide 
for the election of one or more Superior Court judges for each 
district. There shall be a Superior Court in each county at least 
twice in each year to continue for such time in each county as 
may be prescribed by law." 

No. 5 
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 775, Session Laws 1949 
Article IV, Section 11 

"Sec. 11. Judicial Districts; Rotation; Special Superior Court 
Judges; Assignment of Superior Court Judges by Chief Justice. 
Each Judge of the Superior Court shall reside in the district for 



Election Returns 243 

which he is elected. The General Assembly may divide the State 
into a number of judicial divisions. The judges shall preside in 
the courts of the different districts within a division successively; 
but no judge shall hold all the courts, in the same district oftener 
than once in four years. The General Assembly may provide by 
general laws for the selection or appointment of Special or Emer- 
gency Superior Court Judges not assigned to any judicial district, 
who may be designated from time to time by the Chief Justice 
to hold court in any district or districts within the State; and 
the General Assembly shall define their jurisdiction and shall 
provide for their reasonable compensation. The Chief Justice, 
when in his opinion the public interest so requires, may assign 
any Superior Court Judge to hold one or more terms of Superior 
Court in any district." 



244 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE ON FOREGOING 



County 


Amendment Number 1 
Permitting any person when re- 
presented by counsel, to waive 
indictment in all except capital 
cases. 


Amendment Number 2 
Securing and safeguarding the 
funds of the Teachers' and State 
Employees' Retirement S.vstem. 




For 


Against 


For 


Against 


Alamance 

Alexander 


4,095 

1,669 

576 

1,116 

1,556 

930 

939 

681 

930 

1,790 

11,264 

4,951 

4,410 

3,229 

111 

1,904 

401 

5,880 

1,655 

2,000 

265 

861 

2 409 

2,270 

1,361 

1,649 

347 

306 

5,538 

1,219 

1,540 

4.492 

1,426 

6,170 

975 

5,765 

149 

673 

737 

285 

7,885 

1,841 

2,565 

3,497 

3,309 

799 

395 

266 

4,078 

3,206 

2.854 


2,214 

1,421 

628 

400 

1,831 

310 

399 

175 

425 

470 

4,222 

2,365 

2,656 

1,535 

54 

316 

203 

3,115 

1,232 

916 

90 

271 

798 

503 

445 

483 

59 

69 

3,798 

364 

585 

1,368 

248 

2,113 

455 

1,509 

42 

267 

339 

135 

2,334 

833 

1,215 

1,107 

1,994 

219 

174 

50 

1,896 

1,331 

2,105 


5,821 
2,307 

853 
1,491 
3,174 
1,273 
1,351 
1,060 
1,248 
2,118 
14,807 
6,626 
6,915 
4,567 

223 
2,501 

581 
7,698 
2,163 
2,420 

460 
1,160 
3,529 
2,690 
1,892 
2,521 

484 

507 
8,621 
1,617 
2.039 
5,919 
1,777 
8,083 
1,457 
7,402 

216 

784 
1,085 

484 
10,704 
2,564 
3,467 
4,650 
4,451 
1,187 

556 

384 
5,460 
3,585 
3,911 


1,631 
1,181 




600 




231 


Ashe 


1,530 


Avery 

Beaufort 


296 
264 
194 


Bladen 


315 


Brunswick 


379 




2,259 


Burke .... 


1,906 




1,368 


Caldwell 


1,173 




17 


Carteret 


194 


Caswell 


161 




2,428 




1,030 




751 


Chowan 


26 


Clav 


209 


Cleveland 


513 
395 


Craven 


249 




229 




42 


Dare 


20 


Davidson 


3,182 


Davie 


325 




444 


Durham ■ 


663 




94 


torsyth 


1,226 




302 


Oaston 


873 


Gates 


28 




234 


Granville 


201 


Greene 


85 




1,301 




473 


Harnett 


932 


Haywood 

Henderson 


689 
1.539 


Hertford 


126 


Hoke 


111 


Hyde 


42 


Iredell 


1,406 




1,104 


Johnaton 


1.809 



Election Returns 



245 



AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 



Amendment Number 3 


Amendment Number 4 


Amendment Number 5 


Allowing limited necessary com- 


Permitting the General Assembly 


Transferring to the Chief Justice 


pensation of Members of the 


to prescribe the number of reg- 


of the Supreme Court the Au- 


General Assembly 


ular Superior Court Judges in 


thority now exercised by the 






each Judicial District, provided 


Governor in the assigning of 






each District has at least one. 


Judges and the calling of special 
terms of Court, and empowering 
the Legislature to define the 








jurisdiction of the Special Judges. 


For 


Against 


For 


Against 


For 


Against 


3,885 


2,813 


4,308 


2,123 


4,244 


2,1)7 


1 820 


1,349 


1,657 


1,278 


1,566 


1,302 


579 


653 


520 


580 


499 


575 


1,115 


460 


1,178 


354 


1,099 


359 


2,428 


1,642 


1,579 


1,714 


1,415 


1,684 


989 


347 


888 


295 


816 


317 


945 


457 


1,019 


327 


981 


361 


784 


258 


711 


207 


686 


214 


951 


478 


982 


355 


917 


425 


1,619 


563 


1,639 


460 


1,582 


474 


10,920 


4,855 


11,365 


1,028 


11,321 


4.020 


4,774 


2,613 


4 645 


2,294 


4,628 


2,329 


4,631 


2,742 


4,517 


2,490 


4,386 


2,583 


3,229 


1,785 


3,237 


1,495 


3,142 


1,453 


161 


55 


130 


40 


111 


56 


2.002 


414 


1,938 


301 


1,910 


331 


393 


258 


417 


209 


403 


212 


5,349 


3,637 


5,676 


3,080 


5,875 


2,912 


1,537 


1,395 


1,650 


1,159 


1,575 


1,182 


2,059 


796 


1,669 


641 


1,466 


651 


371 


70 


328 


64 


314 


60 


953 


236 


820 


226 


697 


251 


2,536 


1,005 


2,610 


724 


2,481 


792 


2,087 


715 


2,187 


578 


2,094 


632 


1,363 


585 


1,417 


439 


1,331 


521 


1,763 


571 


1,791 


420 


1,722 


500 


396 


67 


339 


92 


337 


99 


380 


61 


328 


46 


289 


64 


5,285 


4,444 


5,432 


3,889 


5,060 


3,904 


1,255 


426 


1,133 


330 


1,040 


384 


1,531 


643 


1,429 


590 


1,342 


621 


4,298 


1,858 


4,719 


1,256 


4,723 


1,360 


1,430 


369 


1,485 


205 


1,383 


276 


5,642 


3,049 


6,165 


2,213 


6,098 


2,273 


1,051 


505 


1,074 


379 


1,000 


432 


5,501 


2,155 


5,934 


1,437 


5,665 


1,621 


175 


54 


159 


42 


146 


51 


688 


251 


684 


232 


591 


295 


811 


356 


806 


252 


797 


333 


323 


151 


280 


131 


261 


137 


7,629 


3,259 


8,115 


2,334 


8,168 


2,450 


1,767 


973 


1,833 


738 


1,800 


680 


2,535 


1,435 


2,647 


1,093 


2,428 


1,161 


3,413 


1,334 


3,408 


1,105 


3,304 


1,209 


3,101 


2,362 


2,911 


2,247 


3,001 


2,123 


847 


275 


833 


198 


791 


237 


450 


168 


443 


133 


408 


152 


311 


68 


257 


63 


257 


66 


3,636 


2,472 


3,960 


1,912 


3,896 


1,991 


3,125 


1,303 


2,930 


1,283 


2,758 


1,330 


2,769 


2,429 


2,865 


1,954 


2,748 


2,053 



246 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE ON FOREGOING 



County 



Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell. , . 
Mecklenburg . 

Mitchell 

Montgomery . 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank . . 

Pender 

Perquimans . . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph .... 
Richmond . . . 

Robeson 

Rockingham . 

Rowan 

Rutherford. .. 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania . 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington. . 
Watauga .... 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals. 



Amendment Number 1 
Permitting any person when re- 
presented by counsel, to waive 
indictment in all except capital 
cases. 



For 



1, 



259 

,828 

946 

2,313 

1,888 

1,273 

549 

2,269 

10,185 

851 

1,214 

2,244 

1,681 

3,093 

640 

492 

1,842 

349 

596 

488 

259 

505 

1,875 

1,438 

2,832 

1,332 

1,722 

3,273 

4,519 

3,639 

2,510 

525 

3,380 

1,696 

3,112 

1,309 

1,836 

362 

1,185 

774 

7,185 

642 

489 

2,609 

1,930 

3,554 

1,425 

1.464 

1,556 



213.156 



Against 



115 

684 

228 

1,458 

1,267 

655 

207 

1,029 

2,899 

420 

1,204 

1,215 

697 

992 

279 

230 

572 

144 

257 

173 

80 

210 

617 

824 

2,363 

475 

482 

1,168 

2,046 

1,771 

1,215 

269 

2,525 

961 

1,055 

364 

693 

166 

468 

362 

1,918 

282 

170 

824 

833 

1,357 

398 

1,054 

444 



92,205 



Amendment Number 2 
Securing and safeguarding the 
funds of the Teachers' and State 
Employees' Retirement System. 



For 



505 
2,679 
1,368 
3,195 
2,722 
2,274 

869 

3,413 

14,154 

1,261 



1,975 

3,007 

2,290 

4,528 

1,216 

717 

2,617 

554 

936 

816 

434 

733 

2,551 



727 

,575 

571 

,239 

,652 

,582 

4,960 

3,798 

799 

4,780 

2,181 

4,285 

1,442 

2,822 

724 

1,779 

1,206 

9,661 

918 

710 

2,723 

2,621 

6,708 

2,131 

2.087 

2,549 



299,187 



Against 



68 
445 
139 

1,296 

1,027 
605 
143 
684 

1,284 
378 

1,016 
889 
543 
392 
163 
178 
345 
104 
124 
116 
32 
172 
352 
791 

1,936 
304 
292 
876 

1,279 

1,254 
963 
156 

2,259 
888 
816 
305 
455 
116 
340 
187 
911 
182 
87 
601 
625 

1,058 
210 
897 
449 



65,512 



Election Returns 



247 



AMENDMENTS BY 


COUNTIES 


.—(Cont'd) 






Amendment Number 3 


Amendment Number 4 


Amendment Number 5 


Allowing limited necessary com- 


Permitting; the General Assembly 


Transferring to the Chief Justice 


pensation of Members of the 


to prescribe the number of reg- 


of the Supreme Court the Au- 


General Assembly 


ular Superior Court Judges in 


thority now exercised by the 




each Judicial District, provided 


Governor in the assigning of 




each District has at least one. 


Judges and the calling of special 
terms of Court, and empowering 
the Legislature to define the 
jurisdiction of the Special Judges. 


For 


Against 


For 


Against 


For 


Against 


371 


97 


271 


93 


259 


108 


1,753 


971 


1,955 


592 


1,819 


681 


1,009 


308 


1,006 


212 


922 


287 


2,313 


1,665 


2,247 


1,453 


2,233 


1,405 


2,219 


1,249 


1,890 


1,190 


1,817 


1,210 


1,540 


713 


1,219 


658 


1,094 


647 


675 


221 


593 


172 


542 


221 


2,362 


1,098 


2,273 


952 


2,203 


1,029 


9,529 


4,314 


10,726 


2,732 


11.056 


2,629 


933 


464 


843 


393 


744 


455 


1,304 


1,307 


1,245 


1,189 


1,176 


1,226 


2,145 


1,511 


2,312 


1,179 


2,295 


1,188 


1,705 


947 


1,748 


680 


1,690 


714 


3,152 


1,327 


3,452 


903 


3,402 


987 


751 


368 


656 


349 


637 


312 


472 


328 


497 


233 


482 


238 


1,899 


707 


1 940 


550 


1 964 


549 


378 


188 


369 


123 


375 


152 


708 


273 


731 


196 


659 


250 


534 


193 


527 


148 


492 


178 


324 


70 


307 


44 


279 


75 


541 


287 


572 


195 


527 


233 


1,807 


797 


2,004 


537 


1,969 


584 


1,394 


867 


1,262 


849 


1,335 


848 


3,028 


2,580 


2,935 


2,257 


2,860 


2.352 


1,335 


670 


1,420 


464 


1,.373 


527 


1,729 


605 


1,746 


446 


1,689 


503 


3,066 


1,668 


3,183 


1,348 


2,759 


1,173 


4,411 


2 689 


4.557 


2,369 


4,387 


2,183 


3,665 


2,019 


3,649 


1,782 


3,497 


2.028 


2,574 


1,264 


2,507 


1,035 


2,382 


1,114 


603 


288 


612 


226 


596 


249 


3,597 


2,759 


3,443 


2,501 


3,479 


2,605 


1,706 


1,000 


1,625 


926 


1,441 


1,069 


3,391 


1,160 


3,144 


965 


2,881 


991 


1,300 


356 


1,285 


346 


1,236 


348 


2,529 


630 


1,874 


579 


1,775 


635 


502 


160 


402 


127 


363 


155 


1,222 


603 


1,256 


459 


1,184 


520 


838 


437 


866 


292 


829 


365 


7,641 


2,472 


7,584 


1,790 


7,596 


1,916 


729 


291 


695 


238 


659 


273 


533 


205 


541 


141 


508 


169 


1,709 


783 


1,441 


734 


1,345 


709 


2,013 


993 


2,187 


675 


2,051 


774 


4,109 


1,604 


2,983 


1,587 


2,745 


1,295 


1,488 


519 


1,562 


307 


1,471 


407 


1,764 


945 


1,437 


972 


1,323 


1,067 


2,374 


483 


1,296 


441 


1,201 


415 


215,269 


108,672 


213,922 


88,664 


207,153 


91,743 



248 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTES CAST IN SPECIAL ELECTION HELD ON JUNE 4TH, 
1949, ON THE QUESTION OF THE ISSUANCE OF TWO 
HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS SECONDARY ROAD 
BONDS, AND THE ISSUANCE OF TWENTY-FIVE 
MILLION DOLLARS SCHOOL PLANT CON- 
STRUCTION AND REPAIR BONDS 



County 


Issuance of Two Hundred Million 

Dollars Secondary 

Road Bonds 


Issuance of Twe:ity-five Million 

Dollars School Plant 
Construction and Fe 'air Bonds 


For 


Against 


For 


Against 


Alamance 

Alexander 


3.413 
1.347 
1.4S6 
1.217 
4,575 
2,039 
2,603 
1,229 
1,680 
2.307 
5.658 
4,884 
1,572 
3,097 

215 
3,074 
1,229 
2,988 
2,013 
3,449 

266 
1,291 
4,024 
3,462 
1,927 
2,392 

456 
1,199 
2,892 
1,494 
5.013 
1,949 
2,876 
2,123 
1,277 
1,587 

459 
1.402 
1,122 
1,364 
3,762 
1,769 
2,628 
5,097 
1,772 
1,006 


2,910 

725 

322 

1,284 

243 

251 

919 

261 

939 

255 

8,529 

1,586 

4,818 

1,620 

202 

472 

424 

5,016 

960 

296 

365 

52 

2,056 

1.314 

1,264 

1,748 

429 

73 

4,158 

481 

452 

6,519 

894 

10,007 

1,256 

8,489 

287 

HI 

1,414 

268 

12,733 

1,360 

1,502 

933 

2.130 

312 


4.250 
1.294 
1.145 
1.553 
4.500 
1,893 
2,866 
1,211 
1,799 
2,248 
9,900 
5,137 
U965 
3,343 

301 
3,291 
1,.324 
4,196 
2,073 
3,520 

415 
1.289 
4,549 
2,845 
2,521 
2,958 

598 
1,218 
3.610 
1,458 
4.950 
4,336 
3,322 
5,251 
1,515 
3,864 

531 
1,345 
1,384 
1,422 
9.159 
2.163 
2,840 
5,409 
2,739 
1,105 


1,951 
637 




513 


Anson . . . 


892 


Ashe 


248 




300 




582 


Bertie 


225 


Bladen 


780 




262 




4,154 


Burke 


1,183 


Cabarrus 


4,321 


Caldwell 


1,197 




108 


Carteret t 


255 


Caswell 


319 




3.668 


Chatham 


735 


Cherokee 


196 


Chowan 


214 


Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 

Cumberland 

Currituck 


38 
1.372 
1,718 

655 
1,136 

273 


Dare 


38 




3,373 




419 


Duplin 


404 




3,911 




401 


Forsyth 


6,765 


Franklin 


977 
6,088 


Gates 


202 


Graham 


118 


(iranville 

Greene 


1,101 
188 


Guilford 


7,315 


Halifax 


941 


Harnett 


1,217 


Haywood 


367 




1,144 


Hertford 


187 



Election Returns 



249 



Votes Cast in Special Election Held on June 4th, 1949 — (Cont'd) 



County 



Issuance of Two Hundred Mill 
Dollars Secondary 
Road Bonds 



For 



Against 



Issuance of Twenty-five Million 

Dollars School Plant 
Construction and Repair Bonds 



For 



Against 



Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston .... 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon .... 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell . 
Mecklenburg , 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank . . 

Pender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph .... 
Richmond . . . 
Robeson .... 
Rockingham . 

Rowan 

Rutherford. . . 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington. . 
Watauga . . . . 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals. 



673 
797 
16? 
794 
94.'i 
742 
798 
326 
212 
374 
738 
321 
157 
033 
788 
401 
279 
344 
860 
747 
241 
,450 
332 
947 
110 
267 
,171 
.379 
,588 
225 
,011 
982 
,405 
,885 
,740 
,331 
373 
,597 
,094 
,479 
,820 
,748 
595 
,851 
881 
,507 
743 
819 
,344 
,094 
,397 
,978 
,570 
,351 



229,493 



436 

58 

2,885 

393 

2,083 

250 

797 

1,326 

955 

546 

26? 

616 

737 

12,997 

85 

873 

1,747 

1,559 

3,394 

520 

320 

1,743 

186 

914 

506 

401 

961 

2,421 

323 

2,562 

1,648 

3,142 

2,406 

5,655 

3,229 

801 

1,637 

2,397 

516 

965 

155 

762 

52 

1,370 

1,384 

6,532 

1,200 

196 

269 

2,186 

407 

1,839 

350 

54 



722 
767 
3,2.39 
3.770 
4,049 
851 
2,064 
2,011 
127 
58! 
3,558 
465 
290 
819 
2,711 
1,385 
2,740 



174,647 



,878 
,356 
,682 
,188 
.297 
1,365 
1,259 
1 , 163 
455 
1,349 
3,468 
1,724 
3,602 
1,495 
2,567 
2,841 
2,596 
3,598 
4,182 
845 
2,672 
2,894 
5,412 
1,839 
1,977 
572 
2,161 
1,321 
10,162 
931 
880 
5,168 
2,817 
8,169 
2,853 
2,894 
4,277 



370 
66 

1,742 
291 

1,757 
141 
479 
643 
971 
324 
306 
360 
528 
10,128 
88 
786 

1,200 
969 

1,899 
498 
292 
879 
136 
521 
426 
219 
743 

1,224 
173 

1,963 



273,663 



136 

2,494 

1,879 

4 860 

2,245 

803 

1,143 

2,201 

545 

714 

119 

494 

56 

962 

920 

3,793 

997 

106 

328 

1,385 

384 

911 

703 

72 



122,460 



250 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE ON PROHIBITION 1881 AND 1908 



August, 1881 



May, 1908 



For 

Prohibition 
48,370 



Against 

Prohibition 

166,325 



For 

Prohibition 

113,612 



Against 

Prohibition 

69,416 



Vote on calling convention to consider proposed amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States repealing 
the 18th amendment and Election of Delegates. 



November, 1933 







Delegates 


Delegates 


For 


No 


For Repeal 


Against 


Convention 


Convention 


of 


Repeal of 






18th 


18th 


120,190 


293,484 


Amendment 


Amendment 






115,482 


300,054 



PART V 

GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, 
BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



GOVERNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



ADVISORY BUDGET COMMISSION 

1925, c. 89; 1929, c. 100, s. 4; 1931 c. 295; G. S. 143-4 

Composition : Six members, Chaii-man of the Appropriations and 
Finance Committees of the House and Senate, and two members 
appointed by the Governor. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Harry B. Caldwell Greensboro 

Alonzo C. Edwards Hookerton 

Appointed by the Legislature: 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

J. Hampton Price Leaksville 

Larry L Moore, Jr Wilson 

E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE 

Rev. s. 3931; Code S. 2184; 1901, c. 479, ss. 2, 4; 1907, c. 497, s. 1; 
1931, c. 360, s. 1; 1937, c. 174; C. S. 4667; G. S. 106-2 

Composition : Eleven members, ten appointed by the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Glenn G. Gilmore Julian 

Hoyle C. Griffin Monroe 

Claude T. Hall Roxboro 

0. J. Holler Union Mills 

J. Muse McCotter New Bern 

Ethel Parker Gatesville 

Charles F. Phillips Thomasville 

J. H. Poole West End 

A. B. Slagle Franklin 

J. E. Winslow Greenville 

g5? 



254 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

1937, c. 49, ss. 2, 3; c. 411; 1939, c. 185, s. 5; 1941, c. 
107, s. 5; G. S. 18-37; G. S. 18-38 

Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Robert W. Winston, Chairman Raleigh 

Sam Etheridge Washington 

S. C. Brawley Durham 

Roy L. Davis, Secretary Manteo 

STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

Rev. s. 4539; 1903, c. 767, s. 2; 1907, c. 714 s. 1; 1941, c. 306; 
1943, c. 237; 1945, c. 55; C. S. 6141; G. S. 121-1 

Composition : Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Benjamin Franklin Brown, Chairman Raleigh 

Gertrude Sprague Carraway New Bern 

James Allen Dunn Salisbury 

William Thomas Laprade Durham 

McDaniel Lewis Greensboro 

Mrs. Sadie Smathers Patten Hendersonville 

Mrs. Callie Pridgen Williams Stedman 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE ART SOCIETY 

1929, c. 314; 1943, c. 752; G. S. 140-1 

Composition: Sixteen members. Four members Ex-officio; four 
members appointed by the Governor; eight members elected by 
the Art Society. 

Ex-officio : 

W. Kerr Scott, Governor Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney-General Raleigh 

Clyde A. Erwin, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Raleigh 
Mrs. R. N. Simms, Sr., Chairman of the Art Depart- 
ment, State Federation of Women's Clubs Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 255 

Appointed: 

Robert Lee Humber , Greenville 

Mrs. Louis Sutton Raleigh 

Dr. Sylvester Green Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Charles M. Griffin Wilson 

Elected : 

Mrs. Henry M. London Fayetteville 

Dr. Clarence Poe Raleigh 

Edwin Gill Greensboro 

Mrs. Matthew Nowicki Raleigh 

Mayne Albright Raleigh 

Albert L. Haskins Raleigh 

Mrs. William Hatch Raleigh 

Mrs. Isabelle Bowen Henderson Raleigh 

Lucy Cherry Crisp, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSMENT 
1939, c. 310, s. 200; 1941, c. 327, s. 6; 1947 c. 184; G. S. 105-273 

Composition : Five members, all Ex-officio under the Act 

Eugene G. Shaw, Commissioner of Revenue, Chairman . . Raleigh 
Stanley Winborne, Chairman Public Utilities Commission Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, Director of Local Government Raleigh 

James S. Currie, Director Department of Tax Research . . Raleigh 
J. C. Bethune, Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BANKING COMMISSION 

1931, c. 243, s. 1; 1935, c. 266; 1939, c. 91, s. 1; 1949, c. 372; 

G. S. 53-92 

Composition : Nine members. Two Ex-officio, seven appointed 
by the Governor. 

Brandon P. Hodges, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Ex-officio Raleigh 

B. Bascom Blackwelder, Secretary Hickory 

H. D. Bateman Wilson 



256 North Carolina Manual 

R. P. Holding Smithfield 

Garland Johnson Elkin 

B. B. Massagee Hendersonville 

James R. McKenzie Lauiinburg 

Reade R. Picklei- Albemarle 

STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

1935, c. 53, s. 1; 1937, c. 285; G. S. 111-1; 111-3 

Composition : Eleven members. Fixe Ex-officio, six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Judge Sam M. Cathey, Chairman Asheville 

Dr. Howard E. Jensen Durham 

V. J. Ashbaugh Durham 

Thomas S. Payne Washington 

Judge Ernest R. Alexander Kannapolis 

Sam Alford Henderson 

Ex-officio Members: 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton Raleigh 

Ernest C. McCracken Raleigh 

Col. Charles H. Warren Raleigh 

E. N. Peeler Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston Raleigh 

H. A. Wood, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

N. C. BOARD OF BOILER RULES 

1935, c. 326; G. S. 95-54 

Composition : Five members. One Ex-officio, four appointed by 
the Governor. 

Forrest H. Shuford, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

William E. Shuping, Jr Greensboro 

W. W. Lloyd Greensboro 

R. Gordon Thomas Raleigh 

Wm. H. Ruffin Durham 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 257 

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 
1933, c. 392, s. 4; 1941, c. 280, s. 2; G. S. 143-139 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor, 

Albert L. Haskins, Jr., Chairman Raleigh 

Bernard Crocker, Jr., Secretary Raleigh 

W. Price Hand Belmont 

George Robb High Point 

L. H. Rouse Wilmington 

BOARD OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 
1941, c. 224, s. 2; G. S. 129-2 

Composition : Five members, all Ex-officio under above Act. 

W. Kerr Scott, Governor Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, Treasurer Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 

D. S. Coltrane, Asst. Director Budget Raleigh 

BOARD OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

1925, c. 122, s. 6; 1927, c. 57; 1941, c. 45; 1945, c. 638; 
G. S. 113-4; 113-5 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

W. Kerr Scott, Governor, Honorary Chairman Raleigh 

Miles J. Smith, Chairman Salisbury 

Walter J. Damtoft, Vice Chairman Canton 

Chas. S. Allen Durham 

Oscar P. Breece Fayetteville 

Aubrey L. Cavenaugh Warsaw 

Staley A. Cook Burlington 

Ferd Davis Zebulon 

C. Sylvester Green Chapel Hill 

Fred P. Latham Belhaven 

Mrs. Roland McClamroch Chapel Hill 

J. C. Murdock Troutmans 



258 North Carolina Manual 

W. Locke Robinson Mais Hill 

Eric W. Rodgeis Scotland Neck 

W. B. Austin Jefferson 

George R. Ross, Director Raleigh 

(One vacancy). 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF CORRECTION 
AND TRAINING 

1943, c. 776, s. 1; 1945, c. 847; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-90* 

Composition: Ten members. One Ex-officio, nine appointed by 
the Governor. 

C. A. Dillon, Chairman Raleigh 

Dr. W. A. Stanbury, Vice-Chairman Gastonia 

W. N. Harrell Wilson 

A. L. Burney Raleigh 

Dr. C. F. Strosnider Goldsboro 

Mrs. H. G. Etheridge Asheville 

Joseph W. Nordan Raleigh 

Pearl Thompson Salisbury 

Jesse C. Fisher Concord 

Dr. Ellen Winston, (Ex-officio) Raleigh 

S. E. Leonard, Commissioner Raleigh 

*(This Board has the management of the Stonewall Jackson 
Training School, Eastern Carolina Training School, State Home 
and Industrial School, Morrison Training School and State Train- 
ing School for Negro Girls.) 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 
N. C. Constitution, Art. IX, sec. 8; G. S. 115-16.1 

Composition: Thirteen members. Three Ex-officio; ten appointed 
by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly. 
H. P. Taylor, Lieutenant Governor, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Wadesboro 

D. Hiden Ramsey, Vice-Chairman Asheville 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. Public Instruction, 

Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 259 

Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

A. S. Brower Durham 

B. B. Dougherty Boone 

Claude H. Farrell Elkin 

A. McL. Graham Clinton 

J. Harold Lineberger Belmont 

Santford Martin Winston-Salem 

Paul S. Oliver Rt. 2, Fairmont 

J. A. Pritchett Windsor 

Harold L. Trigg Raleigh 

C. D. Douglas, Controller Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 

Rev. 4300; 1901, c. 89, s. 5; 1933, c. 165, s. 1; C. S. 5921; G. S. 163-8 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Charles M. Britt, Chairman (D) Asheville 

Haywood Robbins (D) Charlotte 

Harry Ferebee (D) Camden 

P. E. Brown (R) North Wilkesboro 

J. Eugene Snyder (R) Lexington 

R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

Ex. 1936, c. 1, s. 10; 1941, c. 108, s. 10; 1941, c. 279, ss. 1-3; 
1943, c. 377, s. 15; 1947, c. 598; G. S. 96-3 

Composition : Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Raleigh 

Bruce E. Davis Charlotte 

C. A. Fink Salisbury 

Mrs. Quentin Gregory Halifax 

R. Dave Hall Belmont 

Marion W. Heiss Greensboro 

Dr. Harry D. Wolf Chapel Hill 



260 North Carolina Manual 

GASOLINE AND OIL INSPECTION BOARD 

1937, c. 425, s. 9; 1941, c. 220; 1949, c. 1167; G. S. 119-26 

Composition: Five members. Two Ex-officio, three appointed by 
the Governor. 
L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

C. D. Baucom, Director Gasoline and Oil Inspection 

Division, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Garland E. Bobbitt Raleigh 

C. A. Home Wilmington 

Roby E. Taylor Winston-Salem 

GENERAL STATUTES COMMISSION 

194.5, c. 157; 1947, c. 114; G. S. 164-14 

Composition: Nine members appointed as follows: One each by 
the Presidents of the North Carolina State Bar and North Caro- 
lina Bar Association ; one each by the Deans of the law schools 
of Duke, Wake Forest, and the University of North Carolina; 
one each by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the 
House, and two by the Governor. 

Robert F. Moseley, Chairman Greensboro 

I. M. Bailey Raleigh 

Luther E. Earnhardt Concord 

John Beaman New Bern 

Daniel K. Edwards Durham 

Frank W. Hanft Chapel Hill 

Robert E. Lee Wake Forest 

Malcolm McDermott Durham 

R. Lee Whitmire Hendersonville 

Clifton W. Beckwith, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

Rev. s. 4435; Code, s. 2875; 1879, c. 177, s. 1; 1885, e. 237, s. 1, 

1893, c. 214, s. 1; 1911, c. 62, s. 1; 1931, c. 177, s. 1; 1945, c. 

281; C. S. 7048, G. S. 130-1 

Composition: Nine members. Five appointed by the Governor, 
four elected by the Medical Society. 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 261 

Dr. G. G. Dixon, President Ayden 

Dr. Hubert B. Haywood, Vice-President Raleigh 

Dr. H. Lee Large Rocky Mount 

Dr. John Labruce Ward Asheville 

Jasper C. Jackson, Ph. G Lumberton 

Mrs. James B. Hunt Rt. 1, Lucama 

Dr. John R. Bender Winston-Salem 

Dr. Ben J. Lawrence Raleigh 

Dr. A. C. Current Gastonia 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Officer, 

Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION 

1933, c. 172, s. 2; 1935; c. 2.57, s. 1; 1937, c. 297, s. 1; 1941, c. 
57, s. 1; 1945, c. 895; G. S. 136-1 

Composition: Chairman and ten commissioners appointed by the 
Governor. 

Dr. H. W. Jordan, Chairman Cedar Falls 

H. G. Shelton Speed 

W. Guy Hargett Rt. 2, Richlands 

A. Wilbur Clark Fayetteville 

Dr. R. E. Earp Selma 

J. A. Barnwell Burlington 

George S. Coble Lexington 

M. Otis Poole Candor 

Mark Goforth Lenoir 

Joseph Graham Iron Station 

L. Dale Thrash Asheville 

STATE (HOSPITAL) ADVISORY COUNCIL 

1945, c. 1096; G. S. 131-120 

Claude F. Gaddy, Chairman Raleigh 

Dr. R. E. Earp Selma 

James P. Richardson Charlotte 

George Watts Hill Durham 

Dr. David A. Young Raleigh 



262 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITALS BOARD OF CONTROL 
1943, c. 136; 1945, c. 925; G. S. 122-7* 

Composition : Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. H. 0. Lineberger Raleigrh 

W. G. Clark. Vice-Chaiiman Tarboro 

R. P. Richardson Reidsville 

John W. Umstead Chapel Hill 

Kelly Bennett Bryson City 

Francis A. Whiteside Gastonia 

Dr. T. V. Goode Statesville 

Dr. Yates S. Palmer Valdese 

Dr. W. H. Kibler Mor^anton 

H. W. Kendall Greensboro 

Mrs. E. H. Lasater Erwin 

Frank N. Kilpatrick Ayden 

Mrs. Reba Gavin Kenansville 

John S. Ruggles Southern Pines 

Thomas O'Beriy Goldsboro 

Dr. David A. Young General Superintendent Raleigh 

Roy M. Purser, General Business Manager Goldsboro 

"'(This Board has the management of the State Hospital at 
Raleigh, the State Hospital at Morganton, the State Hospital at 
Goldsboro, the State Hospital at Butner, and the Caswell Train- 
ing School.) 

NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 
1929, c. 120, s. 51; 1931, c. 274, s. 8; G. S. 97-77 

Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. Frank Huskins, Chairman Burnsville 

J. W. Bean Spencer 

Robert L. Scott Durham 

NORTH CAROLINA INSURANCE ADVISORY BOARD 

1945, c. 383; G. S. 58-27.1 

Composition: Seven Members. One statutory and six appointed 
by the Governor. 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 263 

Waldo C. Cheek, Commissionei' of Insurance, 

Chairman, (Statutory) Raleigh 

Wm. H. Andrews, Jr Greensboro 

Harry G. Latimer Wilmington 

Fred A. Cochrane Charlotte 

T. F. Southgate Durham 

John H. Anderson, Jr Raleigh 

W. H. Nelson Spray 

THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE LAW 

ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' BENEFIT 

AND RETIREMENT FUND 

1937, c. 349, s. 8; 1939, c. 6; 1941, cc. 56, 157; 1943, c. 
145; 1949, c. 1055; G. S. 143-166 

Composition: Seven members. Three Ex-officio, four appointed 
by the Governor. 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman Ex-officio . . Raleigh 
Waldo C. Cheek, State Insurance Commissioner, 

Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

B. Everett Jordan Saxapahaw 

W. B. Lentz Greensboro 

Robert J. Pleasants Raleigh 

C. C. Stoker High Point 

LIBRARY COMMISSION OF NORTH CAROLINA 

1909, c. 873, s. 1; C. S. 6597; G. S. 125-18 

Composition : Five members. Two Ex-officio, two appointed by 
the North Carolina Library Association, one appointed by the 
Governor. 

Carrie Broughton, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Superintendent Public 

Instruction, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Mrs. Ford S. Worthy Washington 

Spencer Murphy Salisbury 

Mrs. T. Lenoir Gwyn Waynesville 

Elizabeth House, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



264 North Carouna Manual 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

1931, c. Od, s. 7; 1931, c. 296, s. 8; 1933, c. 31. s. 1; G. S. 159-3 

Composition : Nine members. Four Ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 
Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State. Ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Eugene Shaw, Commissioner of Revenue, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Walter A. Ccble Guilford College 

S. Preston Douglas Lumberton 

L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

W. T. Moss Youngsville 

C. W. Roberts Leaksville 

W. E. Easterling, Secretary Raleigh 

LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1938. c. 390. s. 8; 1941, c. 357, s. 6; 1943, c. 535; 1945, c. 526; 
1947. c. 259; G. S. 128-28 

Composition: Ten members. Two Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 
Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. Public Instruction. Ex-officio . . Raleigh 

Paul Kelly Raleigh 

W. W. Jones Raleigh 

Jonathan H. Woody Waynesville 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Thcmas F. Royall Wadesboro 

Earl H. Tate Lenoir 

J. Caldwell McDonald Charlotte 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 265 

NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 

1945, c. 1096; G. S. 131-117 

Composition : Twenty members. Two Ex-officio, eighteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

James H. Clark, Chairman Elizabethtown 

Dr. Clarence Poe, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

Paul B. Bissett Wilson 

Dr. J. Street Brewer Roseboro 

Dr. W. M. Coppridge Durham 

Dr. Zeno Edwards Washington 

Sample B. Forbus Durham 

Dr. G. Fred Hale Raleigh 

Lloyd D. Hardy Raleigh 

Dr. Walter L. Jackson High Point 

Dr. Harry L. Johnson Elkin 

B. Everett Jordan Saxapahaw 

Dr. P. L. Pearson Apex 

L. Ben Prince Hentiersonville 

Dr. W. S. Rankin Charlotte 

W. M. Rich Durham 

Dr. Wm. Raney Stanford Durham 

Flora Wakefield, R. N Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health 

Officer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston, State Commissioner 

Public Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MERIT SYSTEM COUNCIL 

1941, c. 378, s. 1; G. S. 126-1 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

J. L. Memory, Jr., Chairman Wake Forest 

Gordon C. Hunter Roxboro 

Mrs. J. V. Whitfield Burgaw 

E. E. Foster Charlotte 

Col. J. W. Harrelson Raleigh 

Dr. Frank T. DeVyvei', Supervisor Durham 



266 North Carolina Manual 

N. C. MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CONTROL 

1917, c. 136, sub. c. 2, s. 4; 1935, c. 440; 1941, c. 97; 
C. S. 2779; G. S. 160-195 

Composition : Three members. All Ex-officio under the Act. 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General, Chairman Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Secretary Raleigh 

Stanley Winborne, Chairman Utilities Commission Raleigh 

THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE BAR COUNCIL 

1933, c. 210; 1937. c. 51; G. S. 84-17 

Composition: Twenty-five members. Four Ex-officio as officers 
of the North Carolina State Bar, and one each from the twenty- 
one Judicial Districts of the State. 

OFFICERS: 

Armistead W. Sapp, President Greensboro 

Louis J. Poisson, First Vice President Wilmington 

Don A. Walser, Second Vice-President Lexington 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

COUNCILLORS: 

Junius D. Grimes, First District Washington 

Z. V. Norman, Second District Plymouth 

Julius Banzet, Third District Warrenton 

I. R. Williams, Fourth District Dunn 

Albion Dunn, Fifth District Greenville 

John D. Warlick, Sixth District Jacksonville 

I. M. Bailey, Seventh District Raleigh 

Thomas W. Davis, Eighth District Wilmington 

Dickson McLean, Ninth District Lumberton 

R. P. Reade, Tenth District Durham 

G. H. Hastings, Eleventh District Winston-Salem 

Arch K. Schoch, Twelfth District High Point 

Jennings G. King, Thirteenth District Laurinburg 

J. Laurence Jones, Fourteenth District Charlotte 

H. M. Robins, Fifteenth District Asheboro 

B. F. Williams, Sixteenth District Lenoir 



Governmental Boards a^d Commissions 267 

W. H. McElwee, Seventeenth District North Wilkesboro 

R. W. Proctor, Eighteenth District Marion 

Kester Walton, Nineteenth District Asheville 

John Queen, Twentieth District Waynesville 

P. W. Glidewell, Sr., Twenty-first District Reidsville 

STATE BOARD OF PENSIONS 

1921. c. 189, s. 1; C. S. 5168 (a); G. S. 112-7 

Composition: Three members. All Ex-officio under the above Act. 

W. Kerr Scott, Governor Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, Auditor Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT 

1949, cc. 718, 1174; G. S. 143-35 

Composition. Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Fred Royster, Chairman Henderson 

John Harden Greensboro 

R. B. Justice Enka 

Macon Miller Spray 

Leonora Carawan Raleigh 

Earl Crump Wilson 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

J. W. McDevitt, Director Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PORTS AUTHORITY 

1945, c. 1097, s. 1; 1949, c. 892, s. 1; G. S. 143-216 

Composition: Nine members. One Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor. 

A. G. Myers, Chairman Gastonia 

Henry Vann, Vice-Chairman Clinton 

Terry Sanford, Secretary-Treasurer Fayetteville 

George R. Ross, Director, Department of Consei*vation 

and Development, Ex-officio Raleigh 




268 North Carolina Manual 

W. Avery Thompson Hallsboro 

J. Harry White Winston-Salem 

David Q. Helton Edenton 

W. J. Bason North Wilkesboro 

Dr. J. Mcintosh Hedrick Winston-Salem 

Col. G. W. Gillette, Executive Director Wilmington 

STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

1937, c. 132, s. 5; G. S. 15-201 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Wilson Warlick, Chairman NeMi;on 

John S. Bradway Durham 

W. C. Harris Raleigh 

L. P. McLendon Greensboro 

Allen Langston Raleigh 

N. F. Ransdell, Director Varina 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

Rev. s. 1913; Code, s. 2331; 1868-9, c. 170, s. 2; 1909, c. 899; 1917, 

c. 170, s. 1; 1937, c. 319, s. 1; 1943, c. 775, s. 1; 1945, c. 43; 

C. S. 5004; G. S. 108-1 

Composition : Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Frank A. Daniels, Chairman Raleigh 

E. Hervey Evans, Vice-Chairman Laurinburg 

Irving E. Carlyle Winston-Salem 

Thomas Cornwell Shelby 

Mrs. Walter C. Crowell Monroe 

Margaret Knight Greensboro 

Louis H. Sylvester Richlands 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Raleigh 

DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 

1931, cc. 261, 396; C. S. 7502; G. S. 143-48 
Charles M. Williams, Director Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 269 

Board of Award: 

J. Hampton Price Leaksville 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

Larry I. Moore, Jr Wilson 

Alonzo C. Edwards Hookerton 

Harry B. Caldwell Greensboro 

NORTH CAROLINA RECREATION COMMISSION 

1945, c. 757, s. 3; G. S. 143-207 

Composition: Eleven members. Four Ex-officio, seven appointed 
by the Governor. 

W. Kerr Scott, Governor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner of Public Welfare, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

George R. Ross, Director, Department of Conservation 

and Development, Ex-officio Raleigh 

R. L. McMillan, Chairman Raleigh 

Rev. Charles S. Hubbard Hillsboro 

W. J. Kennedy, Jr Durham 

Henry M. Milgrom Battleboro 

Mrs. John G. Newitt Charlotte 

Max A. Parrish Gastonia 

R. W. Watkins Boone 

ROANOKE ISLAND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION 

1945, c. 953; G. S. 143-200 

Composition: Twenty-four members. Three Ex-of!icio, twenty- 
one appointed by the Association. 

OFFICERS: 

Mrs. Charles A. Cannon, Chairman Concord 

Lindsay C. Warren, Honorary Vice-Chairman Washington 

W. D. Carmichael, Jr., Honorary Vice-Chairman .... Chapel Hill 



270 North Carolina Manual 

Mrs. Katherine Pendleton Arrinji'ton, Honorary 

Vice-Chairman Warrenton 

Herbert Peele, Honorary Vice-Chairman Elizabeth City 

Melvin R. Daniels, Vice-Chairman Manteo 

I. P. Davis, Secretary Manteo 

C. S. Meekins, Treasurer Manteo 

Martin Kellogg, Jr., General Counsel Manteo 

Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Historian Raleigh 

DIRECTORS: 

W. Kerr Scott, Governor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General, Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director Department 

Archives & History, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Bill Sharpe Raleigh 

Mrs. Charles A. Cannon Concord 

Melvin R. Daniels Manteo 

Paul Green Chapel Hill 

Samuel Selden Chapel Hill 

Miles Clark Elizabeth City 

Jonathan Daniels Raleigh 

R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

M. K. Fearing Manteo 

Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Edent-on 

Mrs. Frank P. Graham Chapel Hill 

Dr. Sylvester Green Chapel Hill 

John Harden • Greensboro 

Guy H. Lennon Manteo 

Theodore S. Meekins Manteo 

Leigh Winslow Hertford 

Mrs. Ford S. Worthy Washington 

Bishop Thomas H. Wright Wilmington 

John W. Parker Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Elizabeth D. Reynolds Winston-Salem 

Kay Kyser New^ York, N. Y. 

NORTH CAROLINA RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AUTHORITY 
1935, c. 288, s. 1; G. S. 117-1 
Composition: Six members appointed by the Governor. 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 271 

Gwjm B. Price, Chairman Raleigh 

Dr. S. H. Hobbs, Jr Chapel Hill 

D. E. Purcell Reidsville 

Mrs. Hubert Boney Teacheys 

Glenn C. Palmer Clyde 

(One vacancy) 

STATE STREAM SANITATION AND CONSERVATION 

COMMITTEE 

1945, c. 1010, s. 3; 1947, c. 786, s. 1; G. S. 143-213 

Composition: Sixteen members. Six Ex-officio, ten appointed by 
the Governor. 

James M. Jarrett, Chairman, Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

W. H. Riley, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Ex-officio Raleigh 

George R. Ross, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Herman G. Baity, Ex-officio Chapel Hill 

(One vacancy) 

Fred V. Doutt Canton 

T. F. Bridgers Wilson 

John C. Roberts Gastonia 

J, V. Whitfield Burgaw 

Roy Williamson Rocky Mount 

W. P. Saunders Robbins 

Mrs. G. W. Cover . Andrews 

Carroll P. Rogers Tryon 

Scott B. Berkeley Goldsboro 

(One vacancy) 

THE NORTH CAROLINA SYMPHONY SOCIETY, INC. 

1943, c. 755; 1947, c. 1049; G. S. 140-6 

Composition: Not less than sixteen members. Two Ex-officio, 
four appointed by the Governor, balance chosen by the members 
of the Symphony Society. 

EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS: 

Governor W. Kerr Scott Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin Raleigh 



272 North Carolina Manual 

OFFICERS: 

Dr. Charles E. Jordan, President Durham 

Russell M. Grumman, Exec. Vice-President Chapel Hill 

Mrs. C. E. Johnson, Vice-President Raleigh 

James G. K. McClure, Vice-President Asheville 

L. C. Gifford, Vice-President Hickory 

Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Secretary Raleigh 

A. C. Hall, Treasurer Raleigh 

Albin Pikutis, Business Manager and Assistant 

Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Dr. Benjamin F. Swalin, Director Chapel Hill 

TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1941, c. 25, s. 6; 1943, c. 719; 1947, c. 259; G. S. 135-6 

Composition: Eight members. Two Ex-ofRcio, six appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, Chairman, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. Public Instruction, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Paul Kelly Raleigh 

W. W. Jones Raleigh 

Jonathan H. Woody Waynesville 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Thomas F. Royal Wadesboro 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

TEXTBOOK COMMISSION 

1923, c. 136, s. 325; 1943, c. 627, s. 1; 1945, c. 707, ss. 4, 12; 
C. S. 5735; G. S. 115-278.4 

Composition : Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

Dr. L. E. Spikes, Chairman Burlington 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 273 

Elementary Division: 

Mrs. B. C. Parker Albemarle 

Grace Brunson Winston-Salem 

Frances Lacy Raleigh 

Mrs. Floyd Souders Fayetteville 

Bernard Brigman Marshall 

Margery Alexander Charlotte 

High School Division: 

George S. Willard, Jr Wilson 

Mozelle Causey Greensboro 

Jinsie Underw^ood Gastonia 

Bertha Cooper Elizabeth City 

Mrs. Phebe Emmons Washington 

UTILITIES COMMISSION 

1933, c. 134; 1941, c. 97; 1949, c. 1009; G. S. 62-1 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the Senate. 

Stanley Winborne, Chairman Raleigh 

Fred C. Hunter Raleigh 

Joshua S. James Raleigh 

Edward H. McMahan Raleigh 

Harry T. Westcott Raleigh 

Myrtha Flemming, Chief Clerk Raleigh 

VETERANS COMMISSION 

1945, c. 723; G. S. 165-5 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Herbert H. Taylor, Jr., Chairman Tarboro 

Josiah A. Maultsby Whiteville 

S. Amos Maynard Greensboro 

Staton P. Williams Albemarle 

Ray Galloway Raleigh 

J. M. Caldwell, Director Raleigh 



274 North Carolina Manual 

N. C. WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 

1947, c. 263; G. S. 143-241 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor. 
District 

1 — O. L. Woodhouse Grandy 

2 — Robert Sadler Bayboro 

3— G. E. Beal Red Oak 

4 — Ernest McGougan Lumber Bridge 

5 — H. C. Kennett Durham 

6— D. K. Sing, Chairman Charlotte 

7 — R. Floyd Grouse Sparta 

8 — George W. Keesee Gastonia 

9 — J. Walter Moore Hayesville 

Clyde P. Patton, Director Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA INSTITUTIONS 

CORRECTIONAL (White) 

Eastern Carolina Industrial Training School for Boys, 

Rocky Mount 

1923, c. 254, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 5; 1927, c. 144; C. S. 7362; 

G. S. 134-67 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training, 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

State Home and Industrial School for Girls, Samarcand 

1917, c. 255, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 4; 1929, c. 279, s. 1; 1937, c. 147, 
s. 1; 1947, c. 226; C. S. 7329; G. S. 134-22 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School, 

Concord 

1907,, c. 509, s. 6; 1907, c. 955, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 2; 
C. S. 7313; G. S. 134-1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

CORRECTIONAL (Negro) 

Morrison Training School, Hoffman 

1921, c. 190, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 6; 1927, c. 63; 1941, c. 241; 

G. S. 134-90 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

State Training School for Negro Girls, Kinston 
1943, c. 381; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-84.1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

275 



27fi North Carolina Manual 

EDUCATIONAL (WHITE) 

APPALACHIAN STATE TEACHERS' COLLEGE, BOONE 

Rev. s. 4229; 1903, c. 798, ss. 1, 9, 11; 1907, c. 526, s. 1; 1915, c. 

527, s. 1; 1917, c. 100, s. 1; 1919, c. 231, s. 1; Pr. 1925, c. 

204; Pr. 1929, c. 66; G. S. 116-66 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

William J. Conrad, Jr., Chairman Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Harry B. Caldwell, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

Mrs. J. M. Lackey Taylorsville 

Fred N. Colvard Jefferson 

C. C. Faw, Sr North Wilkesboro 

D. W. M. Roberts Lenoir 

B. C. Brock Mocksville 

Sam Jones Statesville 

W. W. Mast Valle Crucis 

EAST CAROLINA COLLEGE, GREENVILLE 

1907, c. 820, s. 15; 1911, c. 159, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 7; 1927 c. 
164; 1929, c. 259; SL. 1951 c. 641; C. S. 5866; G. S. 116-59 

Composition : Thirteen members. Twelve appointed by the Gov- 
ernor with the approval of the Senate. One Ex-ofRcio. 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

R. M. Garrett Greenville 

Henry Belk Goldsboro 

C. P. Morris Hertford 

Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

Uran Cox Greenville 

John P. Stedman Lumberton 

Dr. Lewis H. Swindell Washington 

Arthur L. Tyler Rocky Mount 

Jane Hall Raleigh 

Janet Palmer Hookerton 

Charles F. Carroll High Point 

R. J. White Conway 



North Carolina State Institutions 277 

NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF 
AT MORGANTON 

Rev. s. 4203; 1891, c. 399, s. 2; 1901, c. 210; 1925, c. 306, s. 11; 

C. S. 5889; G. S. 116-121 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Howard E. Rondthaler, President Winston-Salem 

Rev. James R. Fortune, Vice-President Durham 

Mrs. Frank P. Tate, Secretary Morganton 

William S. McCord Charlotte 

Howard Moose Newton 

0. H. Pons . . Valdese 

W. P. Elliott Marion 



OXFORD ORPHANAGE, OXFORD 

Private Laws, 1923, c. 119 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. Nine 
under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

T. L. Simmons Rocky Mount 

Benjamin Cone Greensboro 

J. Edward Rooker, Jr Warrenton 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Wallace E. Caldwell, Grand Master Chapel Hill 

Luther T. Hartsell, Jr Concord 

Chas. P. Eldridge Raleigh 

Thos. J. Harkins Asheville 

J. W. Winborne Raleigh 

Edwin T. Howard High Point 

Herbert M. Foy Mt. Airy 

W. H. White Sanford 

Harvey W. Smith Beaufort 



278 North Carolina Manual 

PEMBROKE STATE COLLEGE, PEMBROKE 

1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1929, c. 238; 1931, c. 275; 1941, c. 323; 
1949, c. 58; G. S. 116-81 

Composition : Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

L. W. Jacobs, Chairman Pembroke 

J. L. Carter, Secretary Pembroke 

J. Olin Brooks Fairmont 

M. L. Lowry Pembroke 

J. A. Sampson Pembroke 

C. L. Maynor Pembroke 

George Emanuel Lumberton 

A. G. Lowry Rowland 

Lester Bullard Maxton 

Harry W. Locklear Pembroke 

Hardy W. Locklear Pembroke 



THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND 
AND THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 1905, c. 67; 
1925, c. 306, ss. 10, 13, 14; C. S. 5873; G. S. 116-106 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Ben R. Roberts, Chairman Durham 

Mrs. Charles G. Doak Raleigh 

T. F. Nance Sanford 

Mrs. T. C. Ringgold Raleigh 

George D. Richardson Raleigh 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

R. H. McLawhorn, Sr Winterville 

Tom L. Pendergrass Durham 

D. T. Redfern Wadesboro 

James Penland Asheville 

(One vacancy.) 



North Carolina State Institutions 279 

TRUSTEES UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

The State College of Agriculture and Engineering of the 
University of North Carolina at Raleigh 

Woman's College of the University of North Carolina 

at Greensboro 

Composition : One hundred members. Elected by the General 
Assembly. The legal term of office expires April 1st of year 
indicated. 

C. S. 5789; G. S. 116-4 

^Executive Committee 

Governor W. Kerr Scott, Chairman Raleigh 

1952 

T. J. Pearsall Rocky Mount 

Clarence Poe Raleigh 

Clyde K. Council Wananish 

1954 

John W. Umstead Chapel Hill 

Jno. W. Clark Franklinville 

(One vacancy) 

1956 

John Sprunt Hill Durham 

Edwin Pate Laurinburg 

John J. Parker Charlotte 

1958 

Mrs. Laura Weil Cone Greensboro 

Mrs. May L. Tomlinson High Point 

Victor S. Bryant Durham 

*Term expires July 1, of year indicated. 



280 North Carolina Manual 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES FOR LIFE 

Cameron Morrison Charlotte Mecklenburo- 

Clyde R. Hoey Shelby Cleveland 

R. Gregg Cherry Gastonia Gaston 

EX-OFFICIO 

W. Kerr Scott, Governor. . . . Haw River Alamance 

Clyde A. Ervi^in, State Su- 
perintendent of Public 
Instruction Rutherfordton Rutherford 

SECRETARY TO THE BOARD 
Arch T. Allen Raleigh .> Wake 

1953 

Wade Barber Pittsboro Chatham 

Samuel M. Blount Washington Beaufort 

Victor S. Bryant Durham Durham 

Gertrude Carraway New Bern Craven 

John W. Clark Franklinville Randolph 

Collier Cobb, Jr Chapel Hill Orange 

George S. Coble Lexington Davidson 

Mrs. Laura Weil Cone Greensboro Guilford 

John G. Dawson Kinston Lenoir 

Joseph C. Eagles Wilson Wilson 

R. A. Maynard Burlington Alamance 

John Sprunt Hill Durham Durham 

B. K. Lassiter Oxford Granville 

John Q. LeGrand Wilmington New Hanover 

Henry A. Lineberger Belmont Gaston 

Mrs. Frances Newsome 

Miller Raleigh Wake 

Glenn C. Palmer Waynesville Haywood 

Edwin Pate Laurinburg Scotland 

James C. Pittman Sanford Lee 

J. E. Ramsey Salisbury Rowan 

Roy Rowe Burgaw Pender 

J. Benton Stacy Ruffin Rockingham 

Kenneth S. Tanner Spindale Rutherford 

William B. Umstead Durham Durham 

E. Leigh Winslow Hertford Perquimans 



North Carolina State Institutions 281 

1955 

H. D. Bateman Wilson Wilson 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage Moore 

P. B. Ferrebee Andrews Cherokee 

Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount Edgecombe 

O. Max Gardner, Jr Shelby Cleveland 

H. S. Gibbs Morehead City Carteret 

A. H. Harris Oriental Pamlico 

Ira T. Johnston Jefferson Ashe 

Vernon G. James Elizabeth City Pasquotank 

John H. Kerr, Jr Warrenton Warren 

John G. Kesler Salisbury Rowan 

M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill Greene 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro Guilford 

W. L. Lumpkin Louisburg Franklin 

H. B. Marrow Smithfield Johnston 

L. P. McLendon Greensboro Guilford 

Wm. D. Merritt Roxboro Person 

J. F. Milliken Monroe Union 

Rudolph I. Mintz Wilmington New Hanover 

Rosa B. Parker Albemarle Stanly 

Clarence Poe Raleigh Wake 

George M. Stephens Asheville Buncombe 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill Orange 

James H. Clark Elizabethtown Bladen 

John G. H. Geitner Hickory Catawba 

1957 

David Clark Charlotte Mecklenburg 

K. Clyde Council Wananish Columbus 

B. B. Everett Palmyra Halifax 

Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville Alexander 

James S. Ficklin Greenville Pitt 

James A. Gray Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Harry A. Greene Raeford Hoke 

F. D. B. Harding Yadkinville Yadkin 

R. L. Harris Roxboro Person 

Kemp B. Nixon Lincolnton Lincoln 

Mrs. Albert Lathrop Asheville Buncombe 

R. E. Little Wadesboro Anson 



282 North Carolina Manual 

G. N. Noble Trenton Jones 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount Nash 

H. L. Riddle, Jr Morganton Burke 

John C. Rodman Washington Beaufort 

C. Wayland Spruill Windsor Bertie 

Mrs. Chas. W. Stanford . . . Rt. 1, Chapel Hill Orange 

John P. Stedman Lumberton Robeson 

H. P. Taylor Wadesboro Anson 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro Wayne 

Mrs. May L. Tomlinson .... High Point Guilford 

F. E. Wallace Kinston Lenoir 

David Livingston Ward .... New Bern Craven 

James L. Woodson Salisbury Rowan 

1959 

Claude W. Rankin Fayetteville Cumberland 

Wm. G. Clark Tarboro Edgecombe 

F. J. Blythe Charlotte Mecklenburg 

J. Hampton Price Leaksville Rockingham 

Herman Weil Goldsboro Wayne 

Dr. W. T. Harris Troy Montgomery 

Dr. Paul E. Jones Farmville Pitt 

R. Lee Whitmire Hendersonville Henderson 

Mrs. Nancy Hall Copeland . Murfreesboro Hertford 

John J. Parker Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Hill Yarborough Louisburg Franklin 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh Wake 

William P. Saunders Robbins Moore 

W. C. Barfield Wilmington New Hanover 

Fred L Sutton Kinston Lenoir 

Charles A. Cannon Concord Cabarrus 

Hugh Horton Williamston Martin 

A. H. London Pittsboro Chatham 

Kemp D. Battle Rocky Mount Nash 

J. R. Young Dunn Harnett 

A. L. Monroe Raleigh Wake 

Dr. Shahane R. Taylor Greensboro Guilford 

Mrs. Ed. M. Anderson West Jefferson Ashe 

J. T. Pritchett Lenoir Caldwell 

B. F. Royal Morehead City Carteret 



North Carolina State Institutions 283 

NORTH CAROLINA VOCATIONAL TEXTILE SCHOOL 

1945, c. 806; G. S. 115-255.1 

Composition : Seven members. One Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 
J. Warren Smith, Director of Vocational 

Education, Ex-officio Raleigh 

0. M. Mull, Chairman Shelby 

George W. Coggin, Secretary Raleigh 

R. L. Stowe, Jr Belmont 

C. A. Cannon Concord 

John F. Matheson Mooresville 

J. Chester Johnson Mooresville 

William P. Elliott, Sr Marion 

WESTERN CAROLINA TEACHERS COLLEGE, CULLOWHEE 

1925, c. 270, s. 1; 1929, c. 251, s. 2; G. S. 116-46 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

E. J. Whitmire, Chairman Franklin 

Mrs. Charles E. Ray, Jr., Vice-Chairman Waynesville 

Mrs. J. W. Davidson Murphy 

A. L. Penland Hayesville 

Arnold Hyde Robbinsville 

Frank Weaver Asheville 

W. H. Crawford Sylva 

Ralph F. W. Brimley Winston-Salem 

William Martin Bryson City 

EDUCATIONAL (NEGRO) 

THE NEGRO AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE 
OF NORTH CAROLINA, GREENSBORO 

Rev., s. 4223; 1891, c. 549, s. 4; 1899, c. 389, ss. 2, 3; 1939, c. 65, 
s. 4; 1943, c. 132; C. S. 5828; G. S. 116-94 

Composition: Sixteen members. One Ex-officio, fifteen appointed 
by the Governor, 



284 North Carolina Manual 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. of Public Instruction, 

Ex-officio Ralei.tih 

Charles A. Hines, Chairman Greensboro 

Shelley B. Caveness, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

J. W. Jeffries Mebane 

L. W. James Ahoskie 

Georg-e Sockwell Gibsonville 

Henry A. Scott Haw River 

C. H. Dearman Statesville 

Robert H. Frazier Greensboro 

Dr. Wm. Lloyd Miller Greensboro 

A. A. Morrissey Winston-Salem 

Wade H. Paschal Siler City 

G. Foster Hankins Lexington 

Guy B. Phillips Chapel Hill 

Geo. T. Ashford Red Springs 

J. Wilson Alexander Huntersville 

ELIZABETH CITY STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
ELIZABETH CITY 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306. s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

G. R. Little, Chairman Elizabeth City 

O. R. Symonds Elizabeth City 

Harry Ferebee Camden 

Dr. E. L. Hoffler Elizabeth City 

W. C. Chappell Belvidere 

H. L. Mitchell Gatesville 

J. W. Davis Edenton 

Miles L. Clark Elizabeth City 

Dr. N. C. Newbold Raleigh 

FAYETTEVILLE STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
FAYETTEVILLE 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate, 



North Carolina State Institutions 285 

John H. Cook, Chairman Fayetteville 

Clarence F. Hedrick, Secretary Fayetteville 

W. E. Horner Sanford 

Aquila Moore Clarkton 

Dr. M. E. Bizzell Goldsboro 

B. G. Bullock Autryville 

Dr. Miriam N. Muldrow Whiteville 

Mable P. Powell Clinton 

Dr. C. W. Furlonge Smithfield 

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AT DURHAM 

1925, e. 306, s. 9 (a); 1939, c. 65, s. 4; 1947, c. 189; G. S. 116-99 

Composition : One Ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by the 
Governor, approved by the Senate. 

Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Supt. of Public Instruction, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. R. L. Flowers, Chairman Durham 

Robert M. Gantt, Vice-Chairman Durham 

Dr. J. M. Hubbard, Secretary Durham 

Bascom Baynes Durham 

Mrs. Lillie Braxton Dean Louisburg 

Dr. Robert M. Hendrick Asheville 

Walter Jones, Jr Rockingham 

Malcom McLeod Sanfoi-d 

Spencer Murphy Salisbury 

B. I. Satterfield Timberlake 

Fred A. Smith Zebulon 

C. C. Spaulding Durham 

THE COLORED ORPHANAGE OF NORTH CAROLINA, 

OXFORD 
1887, c. 47; 1927, c. 162; G. S. 116-139 

Composition : Thirteen members. Five appointed by the Gov- 
ernor and eight under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Dr. R. L. Noblin Oxford 

N. W. Weldon Stovall 



286 North Carolina Manual 

Benjamin K. Lassiter Oxford 

W. T. Yancey Oxford 

M. S. Currin Oxford 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Dr. E. E. Toney, Chairman Oxford 

Dr. C. C. Spaulding: Durham 

Dr. G. D. Carnes Wilmington 

Dr. J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

S. B. Simmons Greensboro 

Dr. P. A. Bishop Rich Square 

L. E. Austin Durham 

(One vacancy.) 

THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND AND 
THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 1905, 

c. 67; 1925, c. 306, ss. 10, 13, 14; 

C. S. 5873; G. S. 116-106 

Composition : Eleven members appointed by the Govei'nor. 

Ben R. Roberts, Chairman Durham 

Mrs. Charles G. Doak Raleigh 

T. F. Nance Sanford 

Mrs. T. C. Ringgold Raleigh 

George D. Richardson Raleigh 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

R. H. McLawhorn, Sr Winterville 

Tom L. Pendergrass Durham 

D. T. Redfern Wadesboro 

James Penland Asheville 

(One vacancy.) 

THE WINSTON-SALEM TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
WINSTON-SALEM 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
pi'oved by the Senate. 



North Carolina State Institutions 287 

Winfield Blackwell, Chairman Winston-Salem 

O. A. Kirkman, Vice-Chairman High Point 

Dr. R. S. Haiiston, Secretary Winston-Salem 

Clark S. Brown Winston-Salem 

J. Harmon Linville Kernersville 

T. E. Story North Wilkesboro 

Curtiss Todd Winston-Salem 

G. G. Tucker Winston-Salem 

B. E. Wilson Rural Hall 



HOSPITALS (WHITE) 



CASWELL TRAINING SCHOOL, KINSTON 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925,, c. 306, s. 3; 1945, c. 925, s. 1; 
C. S. 6159 (a); G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

THE NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITAL FOR THE TREATMENT 

OF SPASTIC CHILDREN 

1945, c. 504; G. S. 131-128 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Thomas O'Berry, Chairman Goldsboro 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Secretary Raleigh 

Charles E. Norfleet Winston-Salem 

Felix S. Barker Raleigh 

Joel W. Wright Asheville 

Hubert O. Teer Durham 

Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

Margarette Wood Smethurst Raleigh 

George R. Hughes PoUocksville 



288 North Carolina Manual 

THE MOSES H. CONE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, 
GREENSBORO 

Pr. 1913, c. 400 

Composition: Fifteen members. Eight members appointed by 
Mrs. Moses H. Cone; three members appointed by the Governor; 
one member appointed by the Greensboro City Commissioners; one 
member appointed by the Guilford County Commissioners; one 
member by the Watauga County Commissioners; one by the Guil- 
ford County Medical Association. 

OFFICERS: 

Herman Cone, President Greensboro 

Ceasar Cone, Vice-President Greensboro 

Joseph S. Lichty, Secretary and 

Executive Director Greensboro 

N. S. Calhoun, Treasurer Greensboro 

Howard Holderness, Asst. Treasurer Greensboro 

TRUSTEES: 

Dr. E. D. Apple Greensboro 

N. S. Calhoun Greensboro 

Benjamin Cone Greensboro 

Bernard M. Cone Greensboro 

Ceasar Cone Greensboro 

Mrs. Julius W. Cone Greensboro 

Herman Cone Greensboro 

Charles A. Hines Greensboro 

Howard Holderness Greensboro 

J. E. Holshouser Boone 

Major L. P. McLendon Greensboro 

Dr. Fred M. Patterson Greensboro 

Dr. Samuel F. Ravenel Greensboro 

Dr. Joseph B. Stevens Greensboro 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro 

NORTH CAROLINA ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL, GASTONIA 

1917, c. 199, s. 4; C. S. 7254; G. S. 131-1 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 



North Carolina State Institutions 289 

P. C. Whitlock, President Charlotte 

Georg-e Blanton, Chaiiman Shelby 

Frank Dowd, Secretary Charlotte 

Ralph S. Robinson, Treasurer Gastonia 

Kay Dixon Gastonia 

Dr. R. A. Moore Winston-Salem 

Floyd Todd Gastonia 

Helen Kaiser Durham 

Mrs. E. F. McCulloch Elizabethtown 

N. C. SANATORIUMS FOR THE TREATMENT OF 
TUBERCULOSIS 

BLACK MOUNTAIN, McCAIN AND WILSON 

1907, c. 964; Ex. session 1913, c. 40, s. 1; 1923, cc. 96, 127; 1925, 

c. 306, s. 12; 1935, c. 91, ss. 2, 3; 1935, c. 138; 1939, 

c. 325; G. S. 131-62 

Composition : Two Ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by the 
Governor with the approval of the Senate. 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, Ex-officio Raleigh 

L. Lee Gravely, Chairman Rocky Mount 

Carl C. Council, Vice-Chairman Durham 

E. A. Rasberry, Secretary Snow Hill 

Dr. G. E. Bell Wilson 

Charles A. Cannon Concord 

A. E. Gibson Wilmington 

J. Elmer Long Durham 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Southern Pines 

Edwin Morgan Laurel Hill 

Carl C. Scott Newland 

Hardy Talton Pikeville 

Dr. J. R. Terry Lexington 

STATE HOSPITAL AT BUTNER 

1947, c. 537; G. S. 122-1 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

10 



290 North Carolina Manual 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORGANTON 

1921, c. 183. s. 2; 1925. c. 306, s. 3; 1947. c. 537; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

STATE HOSPITAL AT RALEIGH 

1921, c. 183. s. 2; 1925. c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

HOSPITALS (NEGRO) 

STATE HOSPITAL AT GOLDSBORO 

1921. c. 183. s. 2; 1925. c. 306. s. 3; G. S. 122-7 

Under the management of the North Carolina Hospitals 

Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

N. C. CONFEDERATE INSTITUTION 

Woman's Home at Fayetteville 

1913, c. 62; C. S. 5135; G. S. 112-2 

Composition : Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. E. R. MacKethan, Chairman Fayetteville 

Alexander E. Cook, Secretaiy Fayetteville 

Mrs. C. D. Baucum Raleigh 

Mrs. R. B. Cooke Durham 

Mrs. J. Y. Gatewood Yanceyville 

E. Bruce McFayden Fayetteville 

(One vacancy.) 



Examining Boards 291 

EXAMINING BOARDS 

STATE BOARD OF ACCOUNTANCY 

1913, c. 157; 1925, c. 261, s. 11; 1939, c. 21; C. S. 7008; 

G. S. 93-12 

Composition: Four members appointed by the Governor. 

Frank P. Buck, President Salisbury 

Allen E. Strand, Vice-President Greensboro 

E. E. Peacock, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Gustaf C. Lundin Laurinburg 

STATE BOARD OF ARCHITECTURAL EXAMINATION 
AND REGISTRATION 

1915, c. 270, s. 1; C. S. 4986; G. S. 83-2 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Walter W. Hook, President Charlotte 

Henry Irven Gaines, Vice-President Asheville 

J. Burton Wilder, Treasurer Greensboro 

Allen J. Maxwell, Jr Goldsboro 

Leon McMinn Greensboro 

Ross Shumaker, Acting Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS 

1929, c. 119, s. 6; G. S. 86-6 

Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. M. Cheek, Chairman High Point 

W. E. Motley Raleigh 

A. M. McCoy Black Mountain 

R. P. Branch, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF CHIROPODY EXAMINERS 

1919, 0. 78, s. 3; C. S. 6765; G. S. 90-190 

Composition: Three members appointed by the North Carolina 
Pedic Association. 



292 North Carolina Manual 

Dr. Fred W. Isaacs, Chairman Durham 

Dr. L. D. Abernethy, Secretary Charlotte 

Dr. 0. B. McRae Greensboro 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF CHIROPRACTIC 

EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 73, s. 1; 1933. c. 442, s. 1 ; C. S. 6711; G. S. 90-140 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. M. H. Dollar, President Raleigh 

Dr. Lee E. Kiser, Vice-President Statesville 

Dr. Carl H. Peters, Secretary-Treasurer Rocky Mount 



NORTH CAROLINA LICENSING BOARD FOR 
CONTRACTORS 

1925, c. 318, s. 2; G. S. 87-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

V. B. Hig'gins, Chairman Greensboro 

N. K. Dickerson, Jr., Vice-Chairman Monroe 

R. A. Bryan Goldsboro 

Roy L. Goode Charlotte 

R. D. Beam Raleigh 

James M. Wells, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

N. C. STATE BOARD OF COSMETIC ART EXAMINERS 
1933, c. 179; 1935, c. 54, s. 2; G. S. 88-13 

Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. 

W. N. Stansell, Chairman Burlington 

Mrs. R. J. Hinshaw, Vice-Chairman North Wilkesboro 

Margaret Hairr, Secretary Clinton 

Mrs. Dorothy Burchette, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



Examining Boards 293 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS 

1879, c. 139; 1915, c. 178; 1935, c. 66, s. 1 ; G. S. 90-22 

Composition : Six members elected by the Society and commis- 
sioned by the Governor. 

Dr. Walter E. Clark, President Asheville 

Dr. Frank O. Alford, Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

Dr. D. L. Pridgen Fayetteville 

Dr. Wilbert Jackson Clinton 

Dr. E. M. Medlin Aberdeen 

Dr. A. T. Jeannette Washington 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 87, s. 1; G. S. 87-39 

Composition : Five members, three appointed by the Governor, 
two Ex-officio. 

N. E. Cannady, Chairman Ex-officio Oxford 

E. C. Peele, Ex-officio Burlington 

Marion B. Haynes, Vice-Chairman Asheville 

W. A. Darden Greenville 

R. S. Fouraker Raleigh 

Elizabeth E. Anderson, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

EMBALMERS LICENSING BOARD 

Rev., s. 4384; 1901, c. 338, ss. 1, 2, 3; 1931, c. 174; 1945, c. 98, s. 1; 
1949, c. 951, s. 1; C. S. 6777; G. S. 90-203 

Composition: Seven members elected by The North Carolina 
Funeral Directors and Burial Association, Inc. 

John K. Ward, President Wilmington 

Wilbur L. Vaught, Vice-President Wilson 

Charles P. Rogers, Secretary Sanford 

David W. Bumgardner, Jr Belmont 

Wm. M. Shepherd Hendersonville 

Oscar P. Breece Fayetteville 

J. C. Carothers Gastonia 

Clyde O. Robinson, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



294 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF REGISTRATION FOR ENGINEERS 
AND LAND SURVEYORS 

1921, c. 1, s. 3; C. S. 6055(d); G. S. 89-3 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Robert B. Rice, Chairman Raleigh 

A. C. Lee, Vice-Chairman Charlotte 

Carroll L. Mann, Seci'etary Raleigh 

H. Dennett Jones Graham 

G. S. Harrell Shannon 

N. C. BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 2110, s. 10; c. 331; 1935, cc. 33, 61; 1941, c. 344, s. 6; 

G. S. 84-24 

Composition: Seven members elected by the Council of the N. C. 
State Bar. 

L. R. Varser, Chairman Lumberton 

George B. Greene Kinston 

Kingsland Van Winkle Asheville 

L. T. Hartsell, Jr Concord 

Roy L. Deal Winston-Salem 

Buxton Midyette Jackson 

John H. Hall Elizabeth City 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev. s. 4492; Code, s. 3123; 1858-9, c. 258, ss. 3, 4; Extra 
Session 1921, c. 44, s. 1; C. S. 6606; G. S. 90-2 

Composition : Seven members appointed by the North Carolina 
Medical Society. 

Dr. New^som P. Battle, President Rocky Mount 

Dr. Joseph J. Combs, Secretary Raleigh 

Dr. L. Randolph Doffermyre Dunn 

Dr. Clyde R. Hedrick Lenoir 

Dr. Amos N. Johnson Garland 

Dr. James P. Rousseau Winston-Salem 

Dr. Heyward C. Thompson Shelby 



Examining Boards 295 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF NURSE EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 17, s. 1; 1925, c. 87, s. 2; 1931, c. 56; C. S. 6729; G. S. 90-158 

Composition : Five members. Three members elected by the 
Association, one each by the State Medical Society and the North 
Carolina State Hospital Association. 

Ethel F. Burton, R. N., President Charlotte 

Miriam Daughtry, R. N., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Frances Farthing, R. N Concord 

Dr. Moir S. Martin Mt. Airy 

Dr. Louten R. Hedgpeth Lumberton 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS 

IN OPTOMETRY 

1909, c. 444, s. 3; 1915, c. 21, s. 1; 1935, c. 63; C. S. 6689; 

G. S. 90-116 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. James A. Palmer, President Charlotte 

Dr. Henry B. Day, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Dr. E. Alan Bisanar Hickory 

Dr. P. N. DeVere Morganton 

Dr. Kenneth L. Quiggins Greenville 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF OSTEOPATHIC 
EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION 

1907, c. 764, s. 1; 1913, c. 92, s. 1; 1937, c. 301, s. 1; C. S. 6701; 

G. S. 90-130 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor, 

Dr. Wallace Hoffman, President Statesville 

Dr. Frank R. Heine, Secretary-Treasurer Greensboro 

Dr. John H. Bell Elizabeth City 

Dr. T. T. Spence Raleigh 

Dr. A. H. Zealy, Sr Goldsboro 



296 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY 

Rev., s. 4473; 1905, c. 108, ss. 5, 7; C. S. 6652; G. S. 90-55 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

W. A. Gilliam, President Winston-Salem 

H. C. McAllister, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

R. A. McDuffie Greensboro 

John C. Biantley, Jr Raleigh 

Robert Neal Watson Sanford 



STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF PLUMBING 
AND HEATING CONTRACTORS 

1931, c. 52, s. 1; 1933, c. 57; 1939, c. 224, s. 1 ; G. S. 87-16 

Composition : Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

W. H. Sullivan, Chairman Greensboro 

L. L. Vaug-han, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Dr. H. G. Baity Chapel Hill 

R. V. Sisk Charlotte 

R. H. Haley Charlotte 

C. C. Davis Wilmington 

W. F. Morrison, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR LICENSING TILE 
CONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 86, s. 3; G. S. 87-30 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

David G. Allen, President Raleigh 

J. R. Renfrow, Vice-President Charlotte 

George W. Carter, Secretary-Treasurer Kmston 

J. Knight Davis Wilmington 

F. E. Wallace, Jr., Executive Secretary Kinston 

(One vacancy) 



Examining Boards 297 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF VETERINARY 
MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev., s. 5432; 1903, c. 503, s. 2; C. S. 6755; G. S. 90-18'0 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. B. H. Kimsey, President Washinpjton 

Dr. C. E. Nicks, Vice-President Elkin 

Dr. P. C. McLain, Secretary High Point 

Dr. B. H. Staton Rocky Mount 

Dr. M. C. Edwards Wilkesboro 



298 North Carolina Manual 

STATE OWNED RAILROADS 

Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad 
Directors: 

J. H. Blount Greenville 

M, G. Mann Raleigh 

L. W. Hassell Beaufort 

Dempsey Hodges Kinston 

Maj. J. T, Kingsley Norfolk, Va. 

Frank A. Seymour Goldsboro 

W. 0. Abbitt Williamston 

Thomas W. Davis Pink Hill 

Officers 

M. G. Mann, President Raleigh 

J. H. Blount, Chairman of Board Greenville 

W. Guy Hax'gett, Secretary-Treasurer Richlands 

R. Mayne Albright, Attorney Raleigh 

Hilton Smith, Expert Raleigh 

L. V. Morrill, Inspector Snow Hill 

North Carolina Railroad 
Directors: 

C. A. Fink Salisbury 

Alexander Webb Raleigh 

Ralph Scott Burlington 

Howard D. Robertson Winston-Salem 

Jesse J. Collier Raleigh 

Harry Nettles Asheville 

Clyde Auman West End 

J. B. Muse, Jr Hamlet 

Ralph Fisher Brevard 

Hugh McRae Wilmington 

W. M. Russ Raleigh 

W. E. Holt Lexington 

Officers 

C, A. Fink, President Salisbury 

Alexander Webb, Vice-President Raleigh 

W. W. Jones, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

LeRoy Martin, Ass't. Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

D. A. Johnson, Attorney Lillington 

Robert Dennis, Expert Rocky Mount 



PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 
NORTH CAROLINA— SESSION 1951 

Officers and Members of the Senate 

OFFICERS 

H. P. Taylcr President ' Wadesboro 

R. Grady Rankin President pro teni Gastonia 

S. Ray Byerly : Principal Clerk Sanford 

R. P. Rasberry Reading Clerk Grifton 

Archie R. Taylor Sergeant-at-Arms Buies Creek 

SENATORS 

fAlphabetically Arranged) 

Name District Party Address 

Allsbrook, Julian R Fourth Denaocrat Roanike Rapids 

Bailey, James H. Pou Thirteenth , . - Democrat Raleigh 

Banks, Donald Thirtieth Republican Burnsville 

Barnhardt, Luther E Twenty-first Democrat Concord 

Bell, Daniel L Thirteenth Democrat Pittsboro 

Burgwyn, W. H. S., Jr Third Democrat Woodland 

Cam pen, Sam M Second Democrat ... Alliance 

Carlyle, Irving E Twenty-second Democrat Winston-Salem 

Carruthers, Joseph T., Jr Seventeenth Democrat Greensboro 

Cope land, J. William First Democrat Murfreesboro 

Dearman, C. H Twenty-fifth Democrat Statesville 

Dorsett, Charles H Eighteenth . . Democrat Troy 

Eagles, J. C, Jr Sixth Democrat Wilson 

EUer, H. P Twenty-fourth Republican N. Wilkesboro 

Fountain, L. H Fourth Democrat Tarboro 

Frink, S. Bunn Tenth Democrat Southport 

Gold, Charles F Twenty-seventh Democrat Rutherfordton 

Hancock, Wills Fourteenth Democrat O.xford 

Hicks, Carl T Seventh Democrat Walstonburg 

Hobgood, Hamilton Sixth Democrat Louisburg 

Horton, Hugh G Second Democrat .Williamston 

Johnson, Rivers D. Ninth Democrat Warsaw 

Jones, Paul E., Dr. Fifth Democrat Farmville 

Jones, R. Posey Twenty-third Democrat . Mt. Airy 

Jones, R. S... " Thirty-third Democrat Franklin 

Larkins, John D., Jr Seventh Democrat Trenton 

Leatherman, M. T Twenty-fifth Democrat Lincolnton 

Lennon, Alton A Ninth Democrat Wilmington 

Little, R. E.. Nineteenth Democrat Wadesboro 

Lowder, James P Nineteenth Democrat Norwood 

Medford, William Thirty-second Democrat Waynesville 

Morris, Llarvey Twentieth Democrat Charlotte 

Nolan, Clyde Twenty-seventh Democrat Shelby 

Page, J. Thomas Eighteenth Democrat Rockingham 

Poole, J. Hawley Twelfth Democrat West End 

Powell, Junius K Tenth Democrat WhiteviUe 

Price, J. Hampton Fifteenth Democrat Leaksville 

Rankin, R. Grady Twenty-sixth Democrat Gastonia 

'Reeves, W. B Twenty-ninth Democrat West Jefferson 

Sawyer, Thomas B Fourteenth Democrat Durham 

Scott, Ralph H Sixteenth Democrat Haw River 

Stoney, A. B Twentv-eighth Democrat Morganton 

Talton, Hardy Eighth Democrat Pikcville 

Watts, Wesley C Eleventh Democrat Lumberton 

Weaver, Zebulon, Jr Thirty-first Democrat Ashevillc 

Westbrook, E. A Thirty-second Democrat Tryon 

Whitley, Adam J., Jr Eighth Democrat .Smithfield 

Winslow, J. Emmett First Democrat Hertford 

Woodson, Nelson Twenty-first Democrat Salisbury 

Young, J. R Twelfth Democrat Dunn 



*Died January 5, 1951 

301 



302 North Carolina Manual 



SENATORS 

Arranged by Districts 

(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name Address 

1st — J. William Copcland Murfreesboro 

1st— J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

2nd — Sam M. Campen Alliance 

2nd— Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

3rd— VV. H. S. Burgwyn, Jr . Woodland 

4th — Julian R. Allsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

4th— L. H. Fountain Tarboro 

5th— Dr. Paul E. Jones •. Farmville 

6th— J. C. Eagles, Jr '. Wilson 

6th— Hamilton Hobgood Loiis'jurg 

7th— Carl T. Hicks Walstonburg 

7th — John D. l.arkins, Jr Trenton 

8th— Hardv Talton Pikeville 

8th— Adam J. W hitley, Jr Smithfiel J 

9th— Rivers D. Johnson Warsaw 

9th— Alton A. Lennon Wilmington 

10th— S. Bunn Frink ^'outhport 

lOth-Jiiijs K. P)well Whiteville 

11th— Wesley C. Wat's L nuirton 

12th- J H wley Poole West E .d 

12th— J. R. Yojng Dunn 

13th— Jan.e, H. Pou Bailey Rilegh 

13th— Daniel L. Bell . Pittsboro 

14th— Wills Hancock Oxford 

14th— Thomas B. Sawyer Durham 

15th— J. Hampton Price Leaksville 

16th— Ralph H. Scott •. Haw River 

17th— Joseph T. Carruthers, Jr Gree.isboro 

18th— Charles H. Dorsett Troy 

18th— J. Thomas Page Rockmgham 

19th— R. E. Little Wadesboro 

19th— James P. Lowder Norwood 

20th —Hirvey Morris Charlotte 

2 Ist- L ither E. Barnhardt Concord 

21st— Nelson Woodson Salisburg 

22nd— Irving E. Carlyle Winston-Salem 

23rd— R. Posey Jones Mt. Airy 

24th— H. P. Eller (Ri N. Wilkesboro 

25th— C. H. Dearman StatesviUe 

25th— M. T. Leatherman Lincolnton 

26th— R. Grady Rankin Gastonia 

27th— Charles F. Gold Rutherfordton 

27th— Clyde Nolan Shelby 

28th— A. B. Stoney Morganton 

29th— *W. B. Reeves West Jefferson 

30th— Donald Banks (R) Burnsville 

31st— Zebulon Weaver, Jr Asheville 

32nd— William Medford Waynesville 

32nd -E. A. Westbrook Tryon 

33rd— R. S. Jones Franklin 



•Died January 5, 1951 



RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 
OF THE SENATE 

1951 

Powers and Duties of the President 

1. The President shall take the chair at the hour fixed by law 
or at the time fixed by the Senate upon adjournment on the pre- 
ceding legislative day, and shall call the members to order. 

2. It shall be the duty of the President, upon order being 
obtained, to have the Sessions of the Senate opened with prayer. 

3. In the absence of the President, the President pro tempore 
shall reconvene the Senate and preside, and during such time 
shall be vested with all powers of the President except that of 
casting a vote in case of tie when he shall have voted as a Sena- 
tor. And in the event of the absence of the President and Presi- 
dent pro tempore at any time fixed for the reconvening of the 
Senate, the Principal Clerk of the Senate, or in his absence also, 
some member of the Senate Committee on Rules, shall call the 
Senate to order and designate some member to act as President. 

4. After the prayer, and upon appearance of a quorum, the 
President shall cause the Journal of the preceding day to be read 
and approved, unless the Chairman of the Committee on Journal 
or some member of the Senate by motion sustained by a majority 
of the members present, have the reading thereof dispensed with 
and the same approved as written. 

5. The President shall preserve order and decorum and proceed 
with the business of the Senate according to the rules adopted. 
He shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal to the 
Senate by any member, on which appeal no member shall speak 
more than once unless by leave of the Senate. A two-thirds vote 
of the members present shall be necessary to sustain any appeal 
from the ruling of the Chair. 

6. All questions for a vote shall be put as follows: "Those in 
favor say 'Aye'," and after the affirmative vote is expressed — 
"Opposed 'No'." After which the President will announce the re- 
sult. If a division on any vote is desired, it must be called for 
immediately before the result of the voting is announced on any 

303 



304 North Carolina Manual 

question, and ui)on such call, the President shall require the mem- 
bers to stand and be counted for and against any proposition 
under consideration. 

7. The ayes and noes may be called for on any question before 
the vote is taken, and if the call is sustained by one-fifth of the 
Senators present, the roll of the Senate shall be called and the 
ayes and noes taken, and the same shall be entered upon the 
Journal. If a Senator desires the ayes and noes recorded on any 
question, he shall address the Chair and obtain recognition and 
say, "Upon that vote or question I call for the ayes and noes." 
Whereupon the President shall say, "Is the call sustained?" If 
one-fifth of the members present then stand the roll is called and 
the ayes and noes recorded. If less than one-fifth present stand, 
the Chair announces, "An insufficient number up" and a viva voce 
vote is then taken. 

8. If any question contains several distinct propositions, it shall 
be divided by the President, at the request of any Senator, pro- 
vided each subdivision, if left to itself, shall form a substantive 
proposition. 

9. The President shall have general direction of the Hall of 
the Senate, and in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct 
in the galleries or lobbies, he shall have the power to order the 
same cleared. 

10. He shall have the right to call on any member to perform 
the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond 
one day. 

11. The Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, being 
a Constitutional Officer shall not have the right to debate any 
question or to address the Senate upon any proposition unless 
by permission of the majority members present, and shall have 
the right to vote only when there is a tie vote upon any question 
or election. 

12. The Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, unless 
he shall have by law disqualified himself fiom that office, shall 
have the exclusive right and authority to appoint all Committees, 
I'egular or special, but he may delegate said authority in any 
instance, as he may choose. 

13. All acts, addresses and resolutions, and all warrants and 
subpoenas issued by order of the Senate shall be signed by the 
President, 



Senate 305 

14. The President shall appoint door-keepers and pages, and 
such laborers as may be necessary, and shall assign to them their 
duties during sessions, and when not in session they shall be 
under the direction of the Principal Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms, 
to perform such duties as are necessary and proper to the conduct 
of the Senate. 

15. No person except members of the House of Representatives, 
clerks of the General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and 
Superior Courts, State Officers, former members of the General 
Assembly and persons particularly invited and extended the privi- 
leges of the floor by the President shall be admitted to the floor 
of the Senate during its sessions: Provided, that no person ex- 
cept members of the House of Representatives and officers of the 
General Assembly shall be allowed on the floor of the Senate or 
in the lobby in the rear of the President's desk, unless permitted 
by the President of the Senate. 

16. The President of the Senate, in the interest of orderly pro- 
cedure and in order properly to expedite the business of the 
Senate, may refuse to recognize any member for the purpose of 
extending the courtesies of the floor, lobbies or galleries to any 
one or group during any particular order of business, but shall 
recognize such member for said purpose at the close of such order 
of business if he then desire recognition. 

17. The President may assign such space or place on the floor 
of the Senate as he desires proper to Reporters desiring to take 
the proceedings of the sessions, provided such does not interfere 
with members of the Senate and its officers and clerks in the per- 
formance of their duties. 

18. Smoking shall not be allowed on the floor or galleries of 
the Senate during sessions: Provided, that smoking may be per- 
mitted in the side lobbies and in the lobby in the rear of the Presi- 
dent's desk. 

19. The pages of the Senate shall be responsible to and under 
the direction of the President at all times when the Senate is in 
session, and shall not exceed fourteen in number. They shall re- 
port to the Principal Clerk at other times to be assigned such 
duties as he may direct and shall be under his supervision. 



306 North Carolina Manual 

Order of Business 

20. After approval of the Journal, the order of business shall 
be as follows: 

(1) Reports of standing committees. 

(2) Reports of select committees. 

(3) Introduction of bills, petitions, and resolutions. 

(4) Messages from the House of Representatives. 

(5) Unfinished business of preceding day. 

(6) Special Orders. 

(7) General Orders — First, local bills on third reading roll 
call, then local bills on second reading roll call. After that the 
viva voce second I'eading local calendar in numerical order, tak- 
ing up the Senate bills in first order. After disposition of the 
local calendar, the public calendar of bills will be considered in 
ihe same order, that is : 

(a) First, third reading roll call bills. 

(b) Second reading roll call bills. 

(c) Second reading bills to be considered viva voce, with Sen- 
ate bills taking precedence in order over House bills. 

But messages from the Governor and House of Representatives 
and communications and reports from State officers and reports 
from the Committee on Engrossed and Enrolled Bills may be re- 
ceived and acted on under any order of business. 

21. Any bill or other matter may be taken up out of order 
upon order of the President or upon motion sustained by a ma- 
jority of the membership present and voting. 

Powers and Duties of Principal Clerk 

22. The President and the Principal Clerk of the Senate shall 
see that all bills shall be acted upon by the Senate in the order 
in which they stand upon the Calendar, unless otherwise ordered 
as hereinafter provided. The Calendar shall include the numbers 
and titles of bills and joint resolutions which have passed the 
House of Representatives and have been received by the Senate 
for concurrence. 

23. The Principal Clerk shall certify the passage of bills by the 
Senate, with the date thereof, together with the fact whether 



Senate 307 

passed by a vote of three-fifths or two-thirds of the Senate, when- 
ever such vote may be required by the Constitution and laws of 
the State. 

24. All necessary supplies and stationery for the Senate, its 
various offices and committees of the Senate shall be purchased 
upon requisition of the Principal Clerk, with the approval of the 
President of the Senate. 

25. The office of Engrossing Clerk is discontinued, and the 
duties of that office as heretofore performed by the Engi-ossing 
Clerk shall devolve upon the Principal Clerk, who is charged with 
the responsibility therefor. 

26. The Principal Clerk shall cause the Journal of the Senate 
to be typewritten in duplicate, original and carbon, the original 
to be deposited in the office of the Secretary of State as the record, 
and the other (carbon) copy to be delivered to the State Printer. 

27. All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the 
direct duties connected with the committee to which they are as- 
signed, shall report to the Principal Clerk of the Senate and, in 
order to expedite the work of the Senate, shall perform such 
clerical or stenographic work as may be assigned to them. 

Standing Committees 

28. The following committees shall be named by the Lieutenant- 
Governor : 

1. Agriculture 

2. Appropriations 

3. Banks and Currency 

4. Committee on Institutions for the Blind and Deaf 

5. Commercial Fisheries 

6. Conservation and Development 

7. Constitutional Amendments 

8. Counties, Cities and Towns 

9. Courts and Judicial Districts 

10. Education 

11. Election Laws 

12. Employment Security 

13. Finance 

14. General Statutes 

15. Insurance 



308 North Carolina Manual 

16. Interstate and Federal Relations 

17. Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling, Printing 

18. Judiciary No. 1 

19. Judiciary No. 2 

20. Justice of the Peace 

21. Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

22. Mental Institutions 

23. Penal Institutions 

24. Propositions and Grievances 

25. Public Buildings and Grounds 

26. Public Health 

27. Public Roads 

28. Public Utilities 

29. Public Welfare 

30. Rules 

31. Salaries and Fees 

32. Senatorial Districts 

33. Teachers and State Employees Retirement 

34. University Trustees 

35. Veterans and Military Affairs 

36. Wildlife 

Joint Committees 

29. "The Chairman of the Committee on Education, with the 
approval of the President, shall appoint a sub-committee of three 
members (the first of whom shall be the Chairman) from the 
membership of the Education Committee, to be known and desig- 
nated as the Sub-Committee on Library." 

The Committee on Trustees of the Greater University, the Com- 
mittee on Justice of the Peace, the Committee on Public Build- 
ings and Grounds, the Committee on Journal, Engrossing, En- 
rolling and Printing, and the sub-committee on Library, provided 
for under this rule, shall act as the joint committees for the 
Senate. 

30. Membership on standing committees shall consist of not 
more than sixteen Senators, including the Chairman and Vice 
Chairman, who shall be designated by the President, Provided 
the committee membership on the Committee on Rules, the Com- 
mittee on Appropriations, the Committee on Finance, the Com- 



Senate 309 

mittee on Agriculture, the Committee on Roads and the Com- 
mittee on Education shall not be limited as to membership. No 
Senator shall hold membership on more than nine standing com- 
mittees unless the Rules Committee provides otherwise. 

31. The Committee on Engrossed Bills shall examine all bills, 
amendments, and resolutions before they go out of the possession 
of the Senate, and make a report when they find them correctly 
engrossed : Provided, that when a bill is typewritten and has no 
interlineations therein, and has passed the Senate without amend- 
ment, it shall be sent to the House without engrossment, unless 
otherwise ordered. 

32. All bills introduced in the Senate providing for appropria- 
tions from the State, or any subdivision thereof, shall, before 
being considered by the Senate, be referred to the Committee on 
Appropriations, and bills referred to other Committees carrying 
any of the provisions herein mentioned, shall be re-referred to 
the Senate as being bills to be considered by the Appropriations 
Committee before proper action may be taken by the Senate. All 
bills introduced in the Senate providing for bond issues, levying 
taxes, or in any manner affecting the taxing power of the State 
or any subdivision thereof, shall before being considered by the 
Senate, be referred to the Committee on Finance, and bills re- 
ferred to other committees carrying any of the provisions herein 
mentioned shall be re-referred to the Senate as being bills to be 
considered by the Finance Committee before proper action may 
be taken by the Senate. 

33. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution 
which shall not be considered at the time of making the same, or 
laid on the table by a vote of the Senate, shall stand upon the 
general orders \vith the bill or resolution; and the report of the 
committee shall show that a majority of the committee were 
present and voted. "A quorum of any committee shall consist of 
a majority of the committee." 

34. "The Chairman of the following Committees, with the ap- 
proval of the President of the Senate, shall appoint Clerks who 
shall be stenographers in order to expedite the business of the 
Session of 1951, as follows: 

Agriculture 
Appropriations 
Banks and Currency 



310 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Institutions for the Blind and Deaf 

Conservation and Development 

Counties, Cities and Towns 

Courts and Judicial Districts 

Education 

Election Laws 

Employment Security 

Finance 

Insurance 

Interstate and Federal Relations 

Judiciary No. 1 

Judiciary No. 2 

Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

Mental Institutions 

Propositions and Grievances 

Public Health 

Public Roads 

Public Utilities 

Public Welfare 

Rules 

Teachers and State Employees Retirement 

University Trustees 

Veterans and Military Affairs 

Wildlife 

In addition to the above-named clerks, the President of the 
Senate, upon recommendation of the Rules Committee, shall ap- 
point additional clerks to perform such duties as may be assigned 
them by the Principal Clerk of the Senate. 

Decorum in Sessions 

35. When any Senator is about to speak in debate or deliver 
any matter to the Senate, he shall rise from his seat and respect- 
fully address the President. 

36. No member shall speak until recognized by the President 
and when two or more members rise at the same time, the Presi- 
dent shall name the member to speak. 

37. No remark reflecting personally upon the action of any 
Senator shall be in order in debate unless preceded by a motion 
or resolution of censure. 



Senate 311 

38. When a Senator shall be called to order he shall take his 
seat until the President shall have determined whether he was in 
order or not; if decided to be out of order, he shall not proceed 
without the permission of the Senate; and every question of order 
shall be decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the 
Senate by any Senator; and if a Senator is called to order for 
words spoken, the words excepted to shall be immediately taken 
down in writing, that the President or Senate may be better able 
to judge of the matter. 

39. No Senator shall speak or debate more than twice nor 
longer than thirty minutes on the same day on the same subject 
without leave of the Senate. 

40. When the President is putting a question, or a division 
by counting shall be had, no Senator shall walk out of or across 
the Chamber, nor when a Senator is speaking, pass between him 
and the President. 

41. Every Senator who shall be within the bar of the Senate 
when the question is stated by the chair shall vote thereon, unless 
he shall be excused by the Senate or unless he be directly inter- 
ested in the question; and the bar of the Senate shall include 
the entire Senate Chamber. 

42. When a motion to adjourn or for recess shall be aflfirmatively 
determined, no member or otficers shall leave his place until ad- 
journment or recess shall be declared by the President. 

43. Senators and visitors shall uncover their heads upon enter- 
ing the Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session, and shall 
continue uncovered during their continuance in the Chamber. 

44. No Senator or officer of the Senate shall depart the service 
of the Senate without leave, or receive pay as a Senator or officer 
for the time he is absent without leave. 

Procedural Rules in Debate 

45. Every bill introduced into the Senate shall be printed or 
typewritten. Amendments need not be typewritten. 

46. All bills should be read by their titles, which reading shall 
constitute the first reading of the bill, and unless otherwise dis- 
posed of shall be referred to the proper committee. A bill may 
be introduced by unanimous consent at any time during the session. 



312 North Carolina Manual 

47. Every Senator presenting- a paper shall endorse the same; 
if a petition, memorial, or report to the General Assembly, with 
a brief statement of its subject or contents, adding his name; if a 
resolution, -wdth his name; if a report of a committee, a state- 
ment of such report with the name of the committee and members 
making the same; if a bill, a statement of its title which shall 
contain a brief statement of the subject or contents of the bill, 
with his name; and all bills, resolutions, petitions, and memorials 
shall be delivered to the Principal Clerk and by him handed to 
the President to be by him referred, and he shall announce the 
titles and references of the same, which shall be entered on the 
Journal. 

48. When a bill is materially modified or the scope of its appli- 
cation extended or decreased, or if the county or counties to which 
it applies be changed, the title of the bill shall be changed by the 
Senator introducing the bill or by the committee having it in 
charge, or by the Principal Clerk, so as to indicate the full pur- 
port of the bill as amended and the county or counties to which 
it applies. 

49. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 
of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, 
such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected member- 
ship of the Senate: Provided, no local bill shall be held by the 
Chair as embodying the provisions, or being identical with any 
State-wide measure which has been laid upon the table or failed 
to pass any of its readings. 

50. Whenever a public bill is introduced, three carbon copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill. The Reading Clerk shall stamp 
the copy with the number stamped upon the original bill. Such 
copy shall be daily delivered to the joint committee hereinafter 
provided for. The Principal Clerk shall deliver the carbon copy 
of the bills designated to be printed as hereinafter provided for 
the public printer and cause 400 copies .thereof to be printed. On 
the morning following the delivery of the printed copies the Chief 
Clerk shall cause the Chief Page to have one copy thereof put 
upon the desk of each member, and shall retain the other printed 



Senate 313 

copies in his office. A sufficient number of the printed copies for 
the use of the committee to which the bill is referred shall be by 
the Chief Page delivered to the Chairman or Clerk of that Com- 
mittee. If the bill is passed, the remaining copy shall be by the 
Chief Page delivered to the Principal Clerk of the House for the 
use of the House. The cost of printing shall be paid from the con- 
tingent fund of the Senate. The Chairman of the Rules Committee 
of the Senate and the Chairman of the Rules Committee of the 
House shall appoint a sub-committee consisting of three mem- 
bers of the Senate and two members of the House from the body 
of the Senate and the House, and such Chairman shall notify the 
Principal Clerk of the House and of the Senate who has been ap- 
pointed. Such subcommittee shall meet daily and examine the 
carbon copies of the public bills introduced and determine which 
of such public bills shall be printed and which shall not, and stamp 
the copies accordingly. If the member introducing a public bill, 
which the committee shall determine should not be printed, so 
desires, he may appear before the committee at the next meeting 
thereof with reference thereto. 

51. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a com- 
mittee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report there- 
on, then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 
given in the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present and voting, recall the same from the com- 
mittee to the floor of the Senate for consideration and such action 
thereon as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

52. All motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the 
President or any Senator, delivered at the table, and read by the 
President or Reading Clerk before the same shall be debated; but 
any such motion may be withdrawn by the introducer at any time 
before decision or amendment. 

52a. When a bill is reported by a committee with an unfavor- 
able report, but accompanied by a minority report, the minority 
report shall be placed on the calendar and considered the follow- 
ing day, and the question before the Senate shall be "The adop- 
tion of the Minority Report" and if failing to be adopted by a 
majority vote, the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calen- 
dar. Before a minority report can be considered by the Senate, it 
must be signed by at least three (3) members of the committee 



314 North Carolina Manual 

who were present and voted on the bill when the bill was con- 
sidered in the committee. 

On General Orders and Special Orders 

53. Any bill or other matter may be made a special order for 
a particular day or hour by a vote of the majority of the Senators 
voting, and if it shall not be completed on that day, it shall be 
returned to its place on the Calendar, unless it shall be made a 
special order for another day; and when a special order is under 
consideration it shall take precedence of any special order or sub- 
sequent order for the day, but such subsequent order may be taken 
up immediately after the previous special order has been dis- 
posed of. 

54. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its being 
passed, and the President shall give notice at each whether it be 
the first, second, or third. After the first reading, unless a motion 
shall be made by some Senator, it shall be the duty of the Presi- 
dent to refer the subject-matter to an appropriate committee. No 
bill shall be amended until it shall have been twice read. 

On Precedence of Motions 

55. When a question is before the Senate no motion shall be 
received except those herein specified, which motion shall have 
precedence as follows, viz. : 

(1) For adjournment. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 

(7) To commit to a select committee. 

(8) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. 

56. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?" and until it is decided shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill, 



Senate 315 

resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when amend- 
ments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such amend- 
ments, in their inverse order, without further debate or amend- 
ment: Provided, that no one shall move the previous question ex- 
cept the member submitting the report on the bill or other matter 
under consideration, and the member introducing the bill or other 
matter under consideration, or the member in charge of the meas- 
ure, who shall be designated by the chairman of the committee 
reporting the same to the Senate at the time the bill or other mat- 
ter under consideration is reported to the Senate or taken up for 
consideration. 

57. When a motion for the previous question is made and is 
pending, debate shall cease and only a motion to adjourn shall 
be in order, which motions shall be put as follows: adjourn, pre- 
vious question, lay on the table. After a motion for the previous 
question is made, pending a second thereto, any member may give 
notice that he desires to offer an amendment to the bill or other 
matter under consideration; and after the previous question is 
seconded such member shall be entitled to offer his amendment in 
pursuance of such notice. 



Some Questions to Be Taken Without Debate 

58. The motions to adjourn and lay on the table shall be de- 
cided without debate, and the motion to adjoui-n shall always be 
in order when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 

59. The respective motions to postpone to a certain day, or to 
commit, shall preclude debate on the main question. 

60. All questions relating to priority of business shall be de- 
cided without debate. 

61. When the reading of a paper is called for, except petitions, 
and the same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be determined 
by the Senate without debate. 

62. Any Senator requesting to be excused from voting may 
make, either immediately before or after the vote shall have been 
called for and before the result shall have been announced, a brief 
statement of the reasons for making such request, and the ques- 
tion shall then be taken without debate. Any Senator may explain 



31G North Carolina Manual 

his vote on any bill pending by obtaining- permission of the Presi- 
dent before the vote is put: Provided, that not more than three 
minutes shall be consumed in such explanation. 

Questions That Require a Two-Thirds Vote 

63. No bill or resolution on its third reading- shall be acted on 
out of the regular order in which it stands on the Calendar, and 
no bill or lesolution shall be acted upon on its third reading- the 
same day on which it passed its second reading unless so ordered 
by two-thirds of the Senators present. 

64. No bill or resolution shall be sent from the Senate on the 
day of its passage except on the last day of the session, unless 
otherwise ordered by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 

65. No bill or resolution after being laid upon the table upon 
motion shall be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present. 

66. No rule of the Senate shall be altered, suspended, or 
rescinded except on a two-thirds vote of the Senators present. 

67. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a commit- 
tee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, 
then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 
given in the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present and voting, recall the same from the com- 
mittee to the floor of the Senate for consideration and such action 
thereon as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

68. All bills and resolutions reported unfavorably by the com- 
mittee to which they were referred, and having no minority re- 
port, shall lie upon the table, but may be taken from the table, and 
placed upon the Calendar by a two-thirds vote of those present 
and voting. 

69. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any of 
its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 
of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, 
such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected member- 
ship of the Senate: Provided, no local bill shall be held by the 



Senate » 317 

Chair as embodying: the provisions, or being identical with any 
State-wide measure which has been laid upon the table or failed 
to pass any of its readings. 

Proceedings When There Is Not a Quorum Voting 

70. If, on taking the question on a bill, it shall appear that a 
constitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill require a vote 
of a certain proposition of all the Senators to pass it, and it ap- 
pears that such number is not present, the bill shall be again read 
and the question taken thereon; if the bill fail a second time for 
the want of the necessary number being present and voting, the 
bill shall not be finally lost, but shall be returned to the Calendar 
in its proper order. 

On Conference Committee and Report 

71. Whenever the Senate shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the House to a bill originating in the Senate, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the House for a 
bill originating in the Senate, a conference committee shall be 
appointed upon motion made, consisting of the number named in 
the motion; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go 
to and be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the 
Senate and House. In considering matters in difference between 
the Senate and House committed to the conferees only such mat- 
ters as are in diflference between the two houses shall be consid- 
ered by the conferees, and the conference report shall deal only 
with such matters. The conference report shall not be amended. 
Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of Representatives 
of Congress shall govern the appointment, conduct, and reports 
of the conferees. 

Miscellaneous 

72. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall be 
in order for any Senator who shall have voted in the majority 
to move a reconsideration thereof; but no motion for the reconsid- 
eration of any vote shall be in order after the bill, resolution, 
message, report, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was 



318 . North Carolina Manual 

taken shall have gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor 
shall any motion for reconsideration be in order unless made on 
the same day or in the next following legislative day on which 
the vote proposed to be reconsidered shall have taken place, unless 
same shall be made by the Committee on Enrolled Bills for verbal 
or grammatical errors in the bills, when the same may be made at 
any time. Nor shall any question be reconsidered more than once, 

73. In case a less number than a quorum of the Senate shall 
convene, they are authorized to send the doorkeeper or any other 
person, for any or all absent Senators as a majority of the Sen- 
ators present shall determine. 

74. No papers, writings, pamphlets, or printed matter shall be 
placed on the desks of the Senators or distributed in the Senate 
Chamber without the approval of the Principal Clerk. 

75. That in case of adjournment without any hour being named, 
the Senate shall reconvene the next legislative day at 11 o'clock 
A. M. 

76. In the event the Senate Rules do not provide for, or cover 
any point of order raised by any Senator, the rules of the United 
States House of Congress shall govern. 



Senate 319 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 

Committee on Agriculture 

Senators: Eagles, Chairman; Poole, Vice-Chairman; Jones of 
Surry, Campen, Dearman, Fountain, Talton, Whitley, Winslow, 
Watts, Scott, Young, Hicks, Banks, Burgwyn, Hancock, Hobgood, 
Jones of Pitt, Lowder, Sawyer, Morris. 

Committee on Appropriations 

Senators: Larkins, Chairman; Eagles, Vice -Chairman; Wins- 
low, Campen, Carruthers, Jones of Pitt, Lennon, Medford, Powell, 
Rankin, Bell, Copeland, Eller, Scott, Nolan, Westbrook, Fountain, 
Leatherman, Talton, Whitley, Dorsett, Page, Watts, Young, Price. 

Committee on Banks and Currency 

Senators: Medford, Chairman; AUsbrook, Vice-Chairm-an; Car- 
lyle, Rankin, Larkins, Price, Stoney, Morris, Bell, Copeland, Hicks, 
Young, Jones of Surry, Burgwyn, Whitley. 

Committee on Commercial Fisheries 

Senators: Campen, Chairman; Frink, Vice-Chairman; Lennon, 
Watts, Eller, Page. 

Committee on Conservation and Development 

Senators: Winslow, Chairman; Hicks, Vice-Chairman; AUs- 
brook, Bell, Burgwyn, Dorsett, Lennon, Lowder, Medford, Poole, 
Powell, Nolan, Earnhardt, Campen, Banks. 

Committee on Constitutional Amendments 

Senators: Hancock, Chairman; Leatherman, Vice-Chairman; 
Larkins, Bell, Jones of Macon, Eller, Westbrook. 

Committee on Counties, Cities and Towns 

Senators: Horton, Chairman; Copeland, Vice-Chairman; Stoney, 
Burgwyn, Dorsett, Gold, Hobgood, Jones of Macon, Leatherman, 
Morris, Weaver. 



320 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Courts and Judicial Districts 

Senators: Woodson, ChaumcDi; Johnson, Vice -Chairman; Cope- 
land, Horton, Carlyle, Carruthers, Page, Weaver, Eller, Burgwyn, 
Leatherman, Earnhardt. 

Committee on Education 

Senators: Carlyle, Chairman; Horton, Vice-Chairmuu ; Earn- 
hardt, Bell, Campen, Eagles, Johnson, Larkins, Medford, Nolan, 
Powell, Price, Rankin, Talton, Westbrook, Winslow, Sawyer, Eller, 
Carruthers, Lowder. 

Committee on Election Laws 

Senators: Nolan, Chairman; Frink, V ice-Chairman; Horton, 
Johnson, Winslow, Medford, Carruthers. 

Committee on Employment Security 

Senators: Carruthers, Chairman; Earnhardt, Vice -Chairman; 
Woodson, Rankin, Fountain, Dearman, Eailey, Powell, Young, 
Eanks. 

Committee on F'inance 

Senators: Piice, Chairman; Carlyle, Vice-Chairman; Wood- 
son, Earnhardt, Frink, Horton, Johnson, Jones of Surry, Little, 
Morris, Rankin, Stoney, Eailey, Banks, Hicks, Hobgood, Jones of 
Macon, Allsbrook, Burgwyn, Gold, Hancock, Lowder, Poole, Saw- 
yer, Weaver, Dearman, Larkins. 

Committee on General Statutes 

Senators: Fountain, Chairman; Hobgood, Vice-Chairman; 
Dearman, Jones of Macon, Dorsett, Page, Eller. 

Committee on Insurance 

Senators: Stoney, Chairman; Carruthers, Vice-Chairman ; 
Earnhardt, Carlyle, Eagles, Jones of Surry, Little, Dearman, 
Eailey, Gold, Hancock, Weaver, Lennon. 



Senate 321 

Committee on Interstate and Federal Relations 

Senators: Bailey, Chairman; Gold, Vice-Chairman; Hancock, 
Scott, Leatherman. 

Committee on Institutions for the Blind and Deaf 

Senators: Leatherman, Chairman; Sawyer, Vice-Chairman; 
Bailey, Stoney, Talton, Dorsett, Scott. 

Committee on Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling, Printing 

Senators: Talton, Chairman; Burgwyn, Vice-Chairman; Gold, 
Lowder, Page, Sawyer, Westbrook. 

Committee on Judiciary No. 1 

Senators: Johnson, Chairman; Carlyle, Vice-Chairman; Earn- 
hardt, Larkins, Little, Bailey, Carruthers, Frink, Fountain, Hor- 
ton, Hobgood, Price, Eller, Medford, Page. 

Committee on Judiciary No. 2 

Senators: Allsbrook, Chairman; Young, Vice-Chairman; Dor- 
sett, Woodson, Dearman, Weaver, Powell, Leatherman, Lennon, 
Eagles, Copeland, Burgwyn, Bell, Gold, Jones of Macon, Watts. 

Committee on Justice of Peace 

Senators: Poole, Chairmayi; Page, Vice-Chairman; Hancock, 
Woodson, Gold, Jones of Macon, Weaver. 

Committee on Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

Senators: Jones of Surry, Chairman; Westbrook, Vice-Chair- 
man; Winslow, Hobgood, Hicks, Frink, Rankin, Nolan, Banks, 
Bailey, Copeland, Sawyer. 

Committee on Mental Institutions 

Senators: Bell, Chairman; Hobgood, Vice-Chairman; Fountain, 
Whitley, Morris, Stoney, Talton, Leatherman, Lowder. 

11 



322 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Penal Institutions 

Senators: Scott, Chairman; Weaver, Vice-Chairman; Stoney, 
Watts, Woodson, Hicks, Sawyer. 



Committee on Propositions and Grievances 

Senators: Lennon, Chairman; Whitley, V ice-Chairman; Eagles, 
Larkins, Winslow, Campen, Horton, Young, Jones of Pitt, Weaver. 



Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds 

Senators: Little, Chairman; Jones of Macon, V ice-Chairman; 
Nolan, Allsbrook, Hicks, Whitley, Banks, Morris. 



Committee on Public Health 

Senators: Jones of Pitt, Chairmayi; Hicks, Vice-Chairman; 
Woodson, Poole, Scott, Eller, Stoney, Talton. 



Committee on Public Roads 

Senators: Povi^ell, Chairman; Scott, Vice-Chairman; Bailey, 
Campen, Carruthers, Copeland, Eagles, Frink, Johnson, Jones of 
Surry, Lennon, Little, Lowder, Nolan, Poole, Talton, Watts, West- 
brook, Banks, Allsbrook, Rankin, Jones of Pitt, Young. , 



Committee on Public Utilities 

Senators: Barnhardt, CJiairman; Woodson, Vice-Chairman; 
Dearman, Rankin, Price, Carruthers, Medford, Watts, Carlyle, 
Johnson, Westbrook, Lennon, Powell, Little. 



Committee on Public Welfare 

Senators: Morris, Chairmayi; Lowder, V ice-Chairman; Carlyle, 
Jones of Pitt, Jones of Surry, Westbrook, Scott, Page, Nolan, 
Little, Whitley. 



Senate 323 

Committee on Rules 

Senators: Rankin, Chairman; Price, Vice-ChairTnan; Allsbrook, 
Earnhardt, Campen, Carlyle, Dearman, Eagles, Fountain, Frink, 
Horton, Johnson, Jones of Pitt, Jones of Surry, Larkins, Lennon, 
Little, Medford, Powell, Talton, Whitley, Winslow, Woodson. 

Committee on Salaries and Fees 

Senators: Whitley, Chairman; Sawyer, Vice-Chairman.; Mor- 
ris, Lowder, Banks, Gold, Hancock, Jones of Macon, Scott, Stoney. 

Committee on Senatorial Districts 

Senators: Young, Chairman; Watts, Vice-Chairman; Burgwyn, 
Copeland, Nolan, Price, Page, Hobgood, Johnson, Fountain. 

Committee on Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement 

Senators: Dearman, Chairman; Poole, V ice-Chairman; Alls- 
brook, Bell, Dorsett, Gold, Hicks, Jones of Macon. 

Committee on University Trustees 

Senators: Little, Chairynan; Hancock, Vice -Chairman; Campen, 
Bell, Dorsett, Eagles, Hobgood, Jones of Pitt, Morris, Poole, 
Powell, Price, Watts, Horton, Winslow, Young. 

Committee on Veterans and Military Affairs 

Senators: Fountain, Chairman; Sawyer, Vice-Chairman; 
Bailey, Allsbrook, Larkins, Poole, Hancock, Frink. 

Committee on Wildlife 

Senators: Frink, Chairman; Dorsett, Vice-Chairrnan; Cope- 
land, Jones of Surry, Jones of Pitt, Medford, Leatherman, Weaver, 
Westbrook, Eller, Banks, 



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Senate 325 

SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1951 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATE 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name County Address Seat 

1st — J. William Copelaud Hertford Murfreesboro 31 

1st — J. Emmett Winslow Perquimans Hertford 32 

2nd — Sam M. Campen Pamlico Alliance 27 

2nd — Hugh G. Horton Martin Williamston 14 

3rd — W. H. S. Burgwyn, Jr Northampton Woodland 8 

4th — Julian R. Allsbrook Halifax Roanoke Rapids 6 

4th — L. H. Fountain Edgecombe Tarboro 21 

5th— Dr. Paul E. Jones Pitt Farmville 16 

6th— J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson Wilson 13 

6th — Hamilton Hobgood Franklin Louisburg 24 

7th— Carl T. Hicks Greene Walstonburg 19 

7th — John D. Larkins, Jr Jones Trenton 20 

8th— Hardy Talton Wayne Pikeville 29 

8th — Adam J. Whitley, Jr Johnston Smithfield 28 

9th — Rivers D. Johnson Duplin Warsaw 42 

9th — Alton A. Lennon New Hanover Wilmington 41 

10th — S. Bunn Frink Brunswick Southport 50 

10th — Junius K. Powell Columbus Whiteville 1 

11th— Wesley C. Watts Robeson Lumberton 22 

12th— J. Hawley Poole Moore West End 34 

12th— J. R. Young Harnett Dunn 33 

13th— James H. Pou Bailey Wake Raleigh 39 

13th— Daniel L. Bell Chatham Pittsboro 38 

14th— Wills Hancock Granville Oxford 7 

14th — Thomas B. Sawyer Durham Durham 37 

15th — J. Hampton Price Rockingham Leaksville 10 

16th — Ralph H. Scott Alamance Haw River 30 

17th — Joseph T. Carruthers, Jr Guilford Greensboro 36 

18th— Charles H. Dorsett Montgomery Troy 44 

18th — J. Thomas Page Richmond Rockingham 43 

19th— R. E. Little Anson Wadesboro 9 

19th — James P. Lowder Stanly Norwood 45 

20th — Harvey Morris Mecklenburg Charlotte 11 

21st — Luther E. Earnhardt Cabarrus Concord 17 

21st— Nelson Woodson Rowan Salisbury 18 

22nd — Irving E. Carlyle Forsyth Winston-Salem 15 

23rd — R. Posev Jones Surry Mt. Airy 12 

24th-H. P. Eiler (R) Wilkes N. Wilkesboro 49 

25th— C. H. Dearman Iredell Statesville 2 

25th — M. T. Leatherman Lincoln Lincoln ton 23 

26th — R. Grady Rankin Gaston Gastonia 5 

27th— Charles F. Gold Rutherford Rutherfordton 26 

27th— Clyde Nolan Cleveland Shelby 25 

28th — A. B. Stonev Burke Morganton 35 

29th— *W. B. Reeves Ashe West Jefferson 40 

30th— Donald Banks (R) Yancey Burnsville 48 

31st — Zebulon Weaver, Jr Buncombe Asheville 47 

32nd — William Medford Haywood Waynesville 4 

32nd-E. A. Westbrook Polk Tryon 3 

33rd — R. S. Jones Macon Franklin 46 



*Pied January 5, 1951 



Officers and Members of the House of Representatives 

OFFICERS 

\V. Frank Taylor Speaker Grl Isboro 

Mrs. Annie E. Cooper Principal Clerk Ra'egh 

Ralph Monger, Jr Reading Clerk Smfo d 

Fred B. Pass Sergeant-at-Arms Hayes vil e 

REPRESENTATIVES 

(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name County Party Addrei s 

Allen, Thomas \V Granville Democrat Creedraooi" 

Anderson, E. G Martin Democrat Roberson . He 

Askew, Allen E Gates Democrat Gates ,'ii e 

Atkins, Bill Yancey Democrat Burns il'e 

Avant, Homer G Columbus Democrat . Whiteville 

Barker, Oscar G. Durham Democrat Durham 

Bender, R. P Jones Democrat Pollocksville 

Blackwell, Winfield Forsyth Democrat Winston-Silem 

Blue, H. Clifton Moore Democrat Aberdeen 

Bost, E. T., Jr Cabarrus Democrat Concord 

Branch, Joseph Halifax Democrat Enfield 

Brantley, R. E Polk Democrat Tryon 

Brock, B. C Davie Republican Farmington 

Brown, Frank H., Jr Jackson Democrat Cull awhee 

Brown, Wade E Watauga Democrat Boone 

Bryant, Charles, Sr Gaston Democrat Gastonia 

Bryson, C. Tom Macon Democrat CuUass ja 

Burfoot, Noah Pasquotank Democrat Elizabeth Ciiy 

Burgess, S. E Camden Democrat Bel;TO 8 

Burleson, Jeter C Mitchell Republican Bakersville 

Carr. R. M Duplin Democrat Wallace 

Clark, Clarence S Bladen Democrat Clarkton 

Clark, David Lincoln Democrat Lincoln ton 

Collier, T. J Pamlico Democrat Arapalo; 

Combs, Lewis L. Tyrrell Democrat Columbia 

Crissman, Walter E Guilford Democrat High Point 

Dalrymple, Robert W Lee Democrat SanfrrJ 

Dawkins, J. L Cumberland Democrat Fayetteville 

Dellinger. David P Gaston Democrat Cherryville 

Dill, George W., Jr Carteret Democrat Morehead City 

Doughton, J. K Alleghany Democrat Sparta 

Duncan, J. H Cherokee Democrat Murphy 

Edwards, A. C Greene Democrat Hookerton 

Edwards, Herman Swain Democrat Bryson City 

Elliott, Wm. P McDowell Democrat Marion 

Ethcridge, R. Bruce Dare Democrat Manteo 

Falls, B. T., Jr Cleveland Democrat Shelby 

Fields, W. R Avery Republican Elk Park 

Fisher, Ralph R. Transylvsinia Republican Brevard 

Fisher. Troy A Cumberland Democrat Fayetteville 

Floyd, F. Wayland Robeson Democrat Fairmont 

Fountain, Ben E Edgecombe Democrat Rocky Mount 

Gentry, Todd H Ashe Democrat West Jefferson 

Gobble, F. L Forsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Goodman, Spencer B Stanly Republican Richfield 

Greene, Harry A Hoke Democrat Raeford 

Gregory, Carson Harnett Democrat Angier 

Gudger, Lamar Buncombe Democrat Asheville 

Hardison, Burl G Craven Democrat New Bern 

Henderson, David H Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Hewlett, Addison, Jr New Hanover Democrat Wilmington 

Holmes, Carroll R Perquimans Democrat Hertford 

Home, Ben A Union Democrat , . . . . Monroe 

326 



House of Representatives 327 

Name County Party Address 

Horton, 0. Lee Burke Democrat Morganton 

Ireland, W. N Yadkin Republican Hamptonville 

Johnson, E. R Currituck Democrat Moyock 

Kilpatrick, Frank M Pitt Democrat Ayden 

King, Joe Forsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Kirkman, 0. Arthur Guilford Democrat High Point 

Kiser, Rcger C. Scotland Democrat Laurinburg 

Lassiter, Robert, Jr Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Leinbach, Roy E. Jr Catawba Republican Newton 

Little, Earl F Alexander Democrat Taylorsville 

Little, Hal W Anson Democrat Wadesboro 

Long , George A Alamance Democrat Burlington 

Love , Claude I Buncombe Democrat . Asheville 

Maddrey, C. Gordon Hertford Democrat Ahoskie 

Marshall, \Vm. F., Jr ?tokes Democrat Walnut Cove 

Massev, Dennis Graham Democrat Eobbinsville 

McDufiie, F.J Wilkes Republican Wilkesboro 

McRorie, Robert G Rutherford Democrat Rutherfordton 

Mint?, Harry L., Jr Brunswick Democrat Supply 

Moore, H. M Clay Democrat Hayesville 

Moore, Larry I., Jr Wilson Democrat Wilson 

O'Herron, E. M., Jr Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Page, G. Troy Johnston Democrat Clayton 

Parrott, Marion A I ei^oir Democrat Kinston 

Pittman, James H Richmond Democrat Rockingham 

Pope, William R Iredell Demccrat MocresviUe 

Pou, Edwin S Wake Democrat : Raleigh 

Powell, R. G Rockingham Democrat ; Reidsville 

Pritchett, J. T Caldwell Democrat Lenoir 

Quinn, Dwight W Cabarrus Democrat Kannapolis 

Ramsay, Kerr Craige Rowan Democrat Salisbury 

Regan, John B Robeson Democrat St. Pauls 

Rodman, Wm. B Beaufort Democrat Washington 

Royster, Fred S Vance Democrat Henderson 

Sams, W. A., Dr Madison Democrat Marshall 

Sanders, Richard T Durham Democrat Durham 

Satterfield, B. I Person Democrat Timberlake 

Scott, W. Herman Chatham Democrat Chapel Hill 

Shreve, Clyde A Guilford Democrat Stokesdale 

Spruill, C. Wayland Bertie Democrat Windsor 

Steed, Joe D Montgomery Democrat Candor 

Stoner, Paul G Davidson Democrat Lexington 

Swindell, Russell A Hyde Democrat Swan Quarter 

Taylor, Roy A Buncombe Democrat Bl. ck Mountain 

Taylor, W." Frank Wayne Democrat Goldsboro 

Taylor, William W., Jr Warren Democrat ..Wi:rrenton 

Tew, J. E Sampson Republican Clinton 

Turner, Thomas Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Umstead, J. W., Jr Orange Democrat Chapel Hill 

Uzzell, George R Rowan Democrat Sahsbury 

Venters, Carl V Onslow Democrat Jacksonville 

Vogler, James B Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Ward, Wiley L Randolph Republican Ashcboro 

Warren, Joseph H Caswell Democrat Prospect Hill 

White, John F Chowan Democrat Edenton 

Whitfield , J. V Pender Democrat Burgaw 

Whitley, Phil R Wake Democrat Wendell 

Whitmire, R. Lee Henderson Democrat Hendersonville 

Wiggs, J. Hayden Johnston Democrat Selma 

Williams, Tom A Nash Democrat Battleboro 

Woltz, Howard 0.,Jr Surry Democrat Mt. Airy 

Womble, W. Brantley Wake Democrat Cary 

Woodard, J. Raynor Northampton Democrat Conway 

Woolard, W. J Washington Democrat Plymouth 

Worthington, Sam Pitt Democrat Greenville 

Yarborough, Edward F Franklin Democrat Louisburg 

Yates, OralL Haywood Democrat Waynesville 



328 North Carolina Manual 



REPRESENTATIVES 
Arranged by Counties 

I Democrat Unless Otherwise Indicated) 

County Name Address 

Alamance (Jeorge A Long Burlington 

Alexander Earl F. Little Taylorsville 

Alleghany J. K. Doughton Sparta 

Anson Hal \V. Little Wadesboro 

Ashe Todd H. Cientrv West Jefferson 

Avery W. R. Fields (R) Elk Park 

Beaufort Wm. B. Rodman Washington 

JBertie C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

Bladen Clarence S. Clark Clarkton 

Brunswick Harry L. Mintz, Jr Supply 

Buncombe Lamar Gudger Asheville 

Claude L. Love Asheville 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 

Burke 0. Lee Horton Morganton 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost, Jr : Concord 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 

Caldwell J. T. Pritchett Lenoir 

Camden S. E. Burgess Belcross 

Carteret George W. Dill, Jr Morehead City 

Caswell Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill 

Catawba Roy E. Leinbach, Jr. (R) Newton 

Chatham .' W. Herman Scott Chapel Hill 

Cherokee J. H. Duncan Murphy 

Chowan John F. White Edenton 

Clay H. M. Moore Hayesville 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Columbus Homer G. Avant Whiteville 

Craven Burl G. Hardison New Bern 

Cumberland . . J. L. Dawkins Fayetteville 

Troy A. Fisher Fayetteville 

Currituck E. R. Johnson Moyock 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Davidson Paul G. Stoner Lexington 

Davie B.C. Brock (R) Farmington 

Duplin R. M. Carr Wallace 

Durham Oscar G. Barker Durham 

Richard T. Sanders Durham 

Edgecombe Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount 

Forsyth Winfield Blackwell Winston-Salem 

F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 

Joe King Winston-Salem 

Franklin Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 

Gaston Charles Bryant, Sr Gastonia 

David P. Dcllinger Cherryville 

Gates Allen E. Askew Gatesville 

Graham Dennis Massev Robbinsville 

Granville Thomas W. Allen Creedmoor 

Greene ' A. C. Edwards Hookerton 

Guilford Walter E. Crissman High Point 

0. Arthur Kirkman High Point 

Clyde A. Shreve Stokesdale 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 

Halifax Joseph Branch Enfield 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angier 

Haywood : Oral L. Yates WaynesviUe 

Henderson R. Lee Whitmire Hendersonville 

Hertford C. Gordon Maddrey Ahoskie 

Hoke Harry A. Greene Raeford 

Hyde Russell A. SwindeU Swan Quarter 

Iredell William R. Pope Mooresville 



House of Representatives 329 



County Name Address 

Jackson P>ank H. Brown, Jr. CuUowhee 

Johnston G. Troy Page Clayton 

J. Hayden Wiggs Selma 

Jones R. P. Bender Pollocksville 

Lee Robert \V. Dalrymple Sanford 

Lenoir Marion A, Parrott Kinston 

Lincoln David Clark Lincolnton 

Macon C. Tom Bryson CuUasaja 

Madison Dr. W. A. Sams . . Marshall 

Martin E.G. Anderson Robersonville 

McDowell Wm, P. Elliott Marion 

Mecklenburg David H. Henderson Charlotte 

Robert Lassiter, Jr Charlotte 

E. M. O'Herron, Jr Charlotte 

James B. Vogler Charlotte 

Mitchell Jeter C. Burleson (R) Bakersville 

Montgomery Joe D. Steed Candor 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 

Nash Tom A. Williams Battleboro 

New Hanover Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conway 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Orange J. W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

Pamlico T.J. Collier Arapahoe 

Pasquotank Noah Burfoot Elizabeth City 

Pender J. V. Whitfield Burgaw 

Perquimans Carroll R. Holmes Hertford 

Person B. L Satterfield Timberlake 

Pitt Frank M. Kilpatrick Ayden 

Sam 0. Worthington Greenville 

Polk R. E. Brantley Tryon 

Randolph Wiley L. Ward (R) Asheboro 

Richmond James H. Pittman Rockingham 

Robeson F. Wayland Floyd Fairmont 

John B. Regan St. Pauls 

Rockingham R. G. Powell Reidsville 

Rowan Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 

George R. Uzzell Salisbury 

Rutherford Robert G. McRoris Rutherfordton 

Sampson J. E. Tew (R) Clinton 

Scotland Roger C. Kiser Laurinburg 

Stanly Spencer B. Goodman (R) Richfield 

Stokes Wm. F. Marshall, Jr Walnut Cove 

Surry Howard 0. Woltz, Jr Mt, Airy 

Swain Herman Edwards Bryson City 

Transylvania Ralph R. Fisher (R) Brevard 

Tyrrell Lewis L. Combs Columbia 

L'nion Ben A. Home Monroe 

Vance . Fred S. Royster Henderson 

Wake . . Edwin S. Pou . , Raleigh 

Phil R. Whitley Wendell 

W. Brantley Womble Cary 

Warren William W. Taylor, Jr Warreaton 

Washington W.J. Woolard Plymouth 

Watauga Wade E. Brown Boone 

Wayne . , W. Frank Tavlor Goldsboro 

Wilkes F. J. McDuflie (R) Wilkesboro 

Wilson . . Larry I. Moore, Jr. Wilson 

Yadkin W. N. Ireland (R) Hamptonville 

Yancey Bill Atkins . Burnsville 

Enrolling and Indexing Departments 

Enrolling Clerk Bruce A. Elmore Asheville 

Indexer of Laws ; Charles A. Poe Raleigh 



330 North Carolina Manual 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1951 

Touching the Duties of Speaker 

1. It shall be the duty of the Speaker to have the sessions of 
the House opened with prayer. 

2. He shall take the chair every day at the hour fixed by the 
House on the preceding legislative day, shall immediately call the 
members to order, and, on appearance of a quorum, cause the 
Journal of the preceding day to be approved. 

3. He shall preserve order and decorum, may speak to points of 
order in preference to other members, rising from his seat for 
that purpose, and shall decide questions of order, subject to an 
appeal to the House by any member, on which appeal no member 
shall speak more than once, unless by leave of the house. A two- 
thirds vote of the members present shall be necessary to sustain 
any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

4. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 

5. Questions shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in favor 
(as the question may be) will say 'Aye'," and after the affirmative 
voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say, 'No'." Upon 
a call for a division the Speaker shall count; if required he shall 
appoint tellers. 

6. The Speaker shall have a general direction of the hall. He 
shall have a right to name any member to perform the duties of 
the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond one day, except 
in case of sickness or by leave of the House. 

7. All committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, unless 
otherwise specially ordered by the House. 

8. In all elections the Speaker may vote. In all other cases he 
may exercise his right to vote, or he may reserve this right until 
there is a tie; but in no case shall he be allowed to vote twice on 
the same question. 

9. All acts, addresses, and resolutions, and all warrants and 
subpoenas issued by order of the House shall be signed by the 
Speaker, 



House of Representatives 331 

10. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the 
galleries or lobby, the Speaker or other presiding officer shall have 
power to order the same to be cleared. 

11. No person except members and officers and clerks of the 
General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts, 
State officers, former members of the General Assembly who are 
not registered under the provisions of Article 9 of Chapter 120 
of the General Statutes of North Carolina, and persons particu- 
larly invited by the Speaker shall be admitted within the hall of 
the House: Provided, that no person except members and officers 
of the General Assembly shall be allowed on the floor of the House 
or in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk, unless permitted 
by the Speaker of the House. 

12. No motion to suspend the rules for the purpose of extend- 
ing the courtesies of the floor, lobby or gallery shall be made dur- 
ing the consideration of the Public Calendar, except upon motion 
of the Speaker. 

13. Reporters wishing to take down debates may be admitted 
by the Speaker, who shall assign such places to them on the floor 
or elsewhere, to effect this object, as shall not interfere with the 
convenience of the House. 

14. Smoking shall not be allowed in the hall, lobbies, or the 
galleries while the House is in session: Provided, that smoking 
may be permitted in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk. 

Order of Business of the Day 

15. After the approval of the Journal of the preceding day, 
which shall stand approved without objection, the House shall pro- 
ceed to business in the following order, viz.: 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials, and papers addressed 
to the General Assembly or to the House. 

(2) Reports of standing committees. 

(3) Reports of select committees. 

(4) Resolutions. 

(5) Bills. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 

(7) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages, and other 
papers on the Calendar, in their exact numerical order, unless dis- 



332 North Carolina Manual 

placed by the orders of the day ; but messages and motions to elect 
officers shall always De m oraer. 

No member shall rise from his seat to introduce any petition, 
resolution, or bill out of order unless he is permitted so to do by 
a suspension of the rules. 

On Decorum in Debate 

16. When any member is about to speak in debate or deliver 
any matter to the House, he shall rise from his seat and respect- 
fully address the Speaker. 

17. When the Speaker shall call a member to order, the mem- 
ber shall sit down, as also he shall when called to order by an- 
other member, unless the Speaker decides the point of order in 
his favor. By leave of the House a member called to order may 
clear a matter of fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate 
so long as the decision stands but by permission of the House. Any 
member may appeal from the decision of the Chair, and if, upon 
appeal, the decision be in favor of the member called to order, he 
may proceed; if otherwise, he shall not, except by leave of the 
House; and if the case, in the judgment of the House, require it, 
he shall be liable to its censure. 

18. No member shall speak until recognized by the Chair, and 
when two or more members rise at the same time the Speaker 
shall name the member to speak. 

19. No member shall speak more than twice on the main ques- 
tion, nor longer than thirty minutes for the first speech and fif- 
teen minutes for the second speech, unless allowed to do so by 
the affirmative vote of a majority of the members present; nor 
shall he speak more than once upon an amendment or motion to 
commit or postpone, and then not longer than ten minutes. But 
the House may, by consent of a majority, suspend the operations 
of this rule during any debate on any particular question before 
the House, or the Committee on Rules may bring in a special rule 
that shall be applicable to the debate on any bill. 

20. While the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing 
the House, no person shall speak, stand up, walk out of or cross 
the House, nor when a member is speaking, entertain private dis- 
course, stand up, or pass between him and the Chair. 



House of Representatives 333 

21. No membei- shall vote on any question when he was not 
present when the question was put by the Speaker, except by the 
consent of the House. Upon a division and count of the House 
on any question, no member without the bar shall be counted. 

22. Every member who shall be in the hall of the House for 
the above purpose when the question is put shall give his vote 
upon a call of the ayes and noes, unless the House for special 
reasons shall excuse him, and no application to be excused from 
voting or to explain a vote shall be entertained unless made be- 
fore the call of the roll. The hall of the House shall include the 
lobbies and offices connected with the hall, 

23. When a motion is made it shall be stated by the Speaker 
or, if written, it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by 
the Speaker or Clerk before debate. A motion to table or adjourn 
shall be seconded before the motion is put by the Speaker to the 
vote of the House. 

24. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Speaker 
or any two members request it. 

25. After a motion is stated by the Speaker or read by the 
Clerk, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but 
may be withdrawn before a decision or amendment, except in case 
of a motion to reconsider, which motion, when made by a mem- 
ber, shall be deemed and taken to be in possession of the House, 
and shall not be withdrawn without leave of the House, 

26. When a question is under debate no motion shall be re- 
ceived but to adjourn, to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, 
to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, which several 
motions shall have precedence in the order in which they stand 
arranged; and no motion to lay on the table, to postpone in- 
definitely, to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, being 
decided, shall be again allowed at the same stage of the bill or 
pi-oposition. 

27. A motion to adjourn or lay on the table shall be decided 
without debate, and a motion to adjourn shall always be in order, 
except when the House is voting or some member is speaking; 
but a motion to adjourn shall not follow a motion to adjourn 
until debate or some other business of the House has intervened, 

28. In case of adjournment without any hour being named, the 
House shall reconvene on the next legislative day at twelve o'clock 
noon. 



334 North Carolina Manual 

2S. When a question has been postponed indefinitely, the same 
shaii nox De actea on affain auring tne session, except upon a 
two-thirds vote. 

30. Any member may call for a division of the question, when 
the same shall admit of it, which shall be determined by the 
Speaker. 

31. When a motion has been once made and carried in the 
affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of 
the majority to move for the reconsideration thereof, on the same 
or succeeding day, unless it may have subsequently passed the 
Senate, and no motion to reconsider shall be taken from the table 
except by a two-thirds vote. But unless such vote has been taken 
by a call of the ayes and noes, any member may move to reconsider. 

32. When the reading of a paper is called for, which has been 
read in the Houses, and the same is objected to by any member, 
it shall be determined by a vote of the House. 

33. Petitions, memorials, and other papers addressed to the 
House shall be presented by the Speaker; a bi-ief statement of 
the contents thereof may be verbally made by the introducer be- 
fore reference to a committee, but shall not be debated or decided 
on the day of their first being read, unless the House shall direct 
otherwise. 

34. When the ayes and noes are called for on any question, it 
shall be on motion before the question is put; and if seconded by 
one fifth of the members present, the question shall be decided by 
the ayes and noes; and in taking the ayes and noes, or on a call 
of the House, the names of the members will be taken alphabet- 
ically. 

35. Decency of speech shall be observed and personal reflection 
carefully avoided. 

36. Any member may arise at any time to speak to a question 
of personal privilege, and upon objection to him proceeding, the 
Speaker shall determine if the question is one of privilege. 

37. Fifteen members, including the Speaker, shall be authorized 
to compel the attendance of absent members. A quorum shall con- 
sist of a majority of the qualified members of the House. 

38. No member or officer of the House shall absent himself 
from the services of the House without leave, unless from sick- 
ness or inability. 



House of Representatives 335 

39. Any member may excuse himself from serving on any 
committee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

40. If any member shall be necessarily absent on temporary 
business of the House when a vote is taken upon any question, 
upon entering the House he shall be permitted, on request, to 
vote, provided that the I'esult shall not be thereby affected. 

41. No standing rule or order shall be rescinded or altered with- 
out one day's notice given on the motion thereof, and to sustain 
such motion two-thirds of the House shall be required. 

42. The members of the House shall uncover their heads upon 
entering the House while it is in session, and shall continue so 
uncovered during their continuance in the hall, except Quakers. 

43. A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority 
vote, except a motion to reconsider an indefinite postponement, or 
a motion to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to reconsider, 
which shall require a two-thirds vote. 

44. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal pro- 
visions of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other 
measure. Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by 
the chair, such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall 
not be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected 
membership of the House: Provided, no local bill shall be held by 
the Chair as embodying the provisions or being identical with 
any Statewide measure which has been laid upon the table, or 
failed to pass any of its readings. No amendment or rider to a 
bill before the House shall be in order unless such rider or amend- 
ment is germane to the bill under consideration. 

45. A motion to table an amendment sent up from the floor 
shall not be construed as a motion to table the principal bill or 
any other amendment which has been offered thereto, and if 
such motion is carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the 
table. 

46. When a member desires to interrupt a member having the 
floor he shall first obtain recognition by the Chair and permis- 
sion of the member occupying the floor, and when so recognized 
and such permission is obtained he may propound a question to 
the member occupying the floor, but he shall not propound a 
series of questions or interrogatories or otherwise interrupt the 



336 North Carolina Manual 

membei' having- the floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point 
of order being- raised, enforce this rule. 

Standing Committees 

47. At the commencement of the session a standing- committee 
shall be appointed by the Speaker on each of the following sub- 
jects, namely: 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Banking. 

On Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry. 

On Commission and Institutions for the Blind. 

On Congressional Districts. 

On Conservation and Development. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities, and Towns. 

On Coui"ts and Judicial Districts. 

On Drainage. 

On Education. 

On Elections and Election Laws. 

On Employment Security. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Expenditures of the House. 

On Federal and Interstate Cooperation. 

On Finance. 

On Health. 

On Higher Education. 

On Mental Institutions. 

On Institutions for the Deaf. 

On Insurance. 

On the Journal. 

On Judiciary No. 1 

On Judiciary No. 2 

On Manufacturers and Labor. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 



House of Representatives 337 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Roads. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senatorial Districts. 

On Teachers and State Employees' Retirement. 

On Veteran's Legislation. 

On Wildlife Resources. 

Joint Committees 

On Enrolled Bills. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Library. 

On Printing. 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Trustees of University. 

The first member announced on each committee shall be chair- 
man, and where the Speaker so desires he may designate a vice 
chairman. 

48. Whenever the House shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the Senate to a bill originating in the House, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the Senate for a 
bill originating in the House, a conference committee shall be 
appointed upon motion made, consisting of the number named 
in the motion; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon 
go to and be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the 
House and Senate. In considering matters in difference between 
the House and Senate committed to the conferees only such 
matters as are in difference between the two houses shall be con- 
sidered by the conferees, and the conference report shall deal 
only with such matters. The conference report shall not be 
amended. Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of 
Representatives of Congress shall govern the appointment, con- 
duct, and reports of the conferees. 

49. In forming a Committee of the House, the Speaker shall 
leave the Chair, and a Chairman to preside in committee shall 
be appointed by the Speaker. 



338 North Carolina Manual 

50. Upon bills submitted to a Committee of the Whole House, 
the bill shall be first read throughout by the Clerk, and then 
again read and debated by sections, leaving the preamble to be 
last considered. The body of the bill shall not be defaced or 
interlined, but all amendments, noting the page and line, shall 
be duly entered by the Clerk on a separate paper as the same 
shall be agreed to by the committee, and so reported to the 
House. After report, the bill shall again be subject to be debated 
and amended by sections before a question on its passage be 
taken. 

51. The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in a 
Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be applicable, 
except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the previous 
question. 

52. In a Committee of the Whole House a motion that the 
committee rise shall always be in order except when a member 
is speaking, and shall be decided without debate. 

53. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for suspension of 
the rules, or by order of the House, or on the report of a com- 
mittee, unless introduced in regular order during the morning 
hour. 

54. All bills and resolutions shall be reported from the com- 
mittee to which referi-ed, with such recommendations as the com- 
mittee may desire to make. 

55. Every bill shall receive three readings in the House pre- 
vious to its passage, and the Speaker shall give notice at each 
whether it be its first, second, or third reading. 

56. Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly 
endorse thereon the substance of the same. 

57. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a com- 
mittee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report there- 
on, then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 
given in the House, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds 
of the members present and voting, recall the same from the 
committee to the floor of the House for consideration and such 
action thereon as a majority of the members present may direct. 

58. The Clerk of the House shall keep a separate calendar of 
the public, local, and private bills, and shall number them in 
the order in which they are introduced, and all bills shall be 



House of Representatives 339 

disposed of in the order they stand upon the Calendar; but the 
Committee on Rules may at any time arrange the oi'der of 
precedence in which bills may be considered. No bill shall be 
twice read on the same day without concurrence of two-thirds 
of the members. 

59. All resolutions which may grant money out of the Trea- 
sury, or such as shall be of public nature, shall be treated in all 
respects in a similar manner with public bills. 

60. The Clerk of the House shall be deemed to continue in 
office until another is appointed. 

61. On the point of no quorum being raised, the doors shall 
be closed and there shall be a call of the House, and upon a 
call of the House the names of the members shall be called over 
by the Clerk and the absentees noted, after which the name of 
the absentees shall again be called over. Those for whom no 
excuse or sufficient excuses are made may, by order of those 
present, if fifteen in number, be taken into custody as they appear, 
or may be sent for and taken into custody wherever to be found 
by special messenger appointed for that purpose. 

Previous Question 

62. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?" and, until it is decided, shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the 
bill, resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when 
amendments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such 
amendments, in inverse order, without further debate or amend- 
ment. If such question be decided in the negative, the main 
question shall be considered as remaining under debate: Provided, 
that no one shall move the previous question except the member 
submitting the report on the bill or other matter under consid- 
eration, and the member introducing the bill or other matter 
under consideration, or the member in charge of the measure, 
who shall be designated by the chairman of the committee re- 
porting the same to the House at the time the bill or other matter 
under consideration is reported to the House or taken up for 
consideration. 



340 North Carolina Manual 

When a motion for the previous question is made, and pend- 
ing- the second thereto by a majority, debate shall cease; but if 
any member obtains the floor, he may move to lay the matter 
under consideration on the table, or move an adjournment, and 
when both or either of these motions are pending the question 
shall stand : 

(1) Previous question. 

(2) To adjourn. 

(3) To lay on the table. 

And then upon the main question, or amendments, or the 
motion to postpone indefinitely, postpone to a day certain, to com- 
mit, or amend, in the order of their precedence, until the main 
question is reached or disposed of; but after the previous ques- 
tion has been called by a majority, no motion, or amendment, or 
debate shall be in order. 

All motions below the motions to lay on the table must be 
made prior to a motion for the previous question; but, pending 
and not after the second therefor, by the majority of the House, 
a motion to adjourn or lay on the table, or both, are in order. 
This constitutes the precedence of the motions to adjourn and 
lay on the table over other motions, in Rule 25. 

Motions stand as follows in order of precedence in Rule 26 : 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit or amend. 

When the previous question is called, all motions below it fall, 
unless made prior to the call, and all motions above it fall after 
its second by a majority required. Pending the second, the 
motions to adjourn and lay on the table are in order, but not 
after a second. When in order and every motion is before the 
House, the question stands as follows: 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 



House of Representatives 341 

Postpone indefinitely. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit. 

Amendment to amendment. 

Amendment. 

Substitute. 

Bill. 

The previous question covers all other motions when seconded 
by a majority of the House, and proceeds by regular graduation 
to the main question, without debate, amendment, or motion, 
until such question is reached or disposed of. 

63. All committees, other than the committee on Appropria- 
tions, when favorably reporting any bill which carries an appro- 
priation from the State, shall indicate same in the report, and 
said bill shall be referred to the Committee on Appropriations 
for a further report before being acted upon by the House. All 
committees, other than the Committee on Finance, when favor- 
ably reporting any bill which in any way or manner raises 
revenue or levies a tax or authorizes the issue of bonds or notes, 
whether public, public-local, or private, shall indicate same in 
the report, and said bill shall be referred to the Committee on 
Finance for a further report before being acted upon by the 
House. 

64. The Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may ap- 
point, with the approval of the Speaker, such assistants as may 
be necessary to the efficient discharge of the duties of their vari- 
ous offices, and one or more of whom may be assigned by the 
Speaker from the Principal Clerk's office to the office of the 
Attorney General for the purpose of drafting bills. 

65. The Speaker may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, a Chap- 
lain of the House, and he may also appoint ten pages to wait 
upon the sessions of the House, and when the pressure of busi- 
ness may require, he may appoint five additional pages. 

66. The Chairman of each of the following committees: Agri- 
culture, Appropriations, Banks and Banking, Conservation and 
Development, Constitutional Amendments, Counties, Cities and 
Towns, Courts and Judicial Districts, Education, Elections and 
Election Laws, Employment Security, Finance, Health, Higher 
Education, Insurance, Judiciary No. 1, Judiciary No. 2, Manu- 



342 North Carolina Manual 

facturers and Labor, Mental Institutions, Military Affairs, 
Propositions and Grievances, Public Utilities, Public Welfare, 
Roads, Rules, Salaries and Fees, Senatorial Districts, Veterans 
Legislation and Wildlife Resources may each appoint a clerk to 
the said Committee. All Committee Clerks heretofore provided 
for are to be appointed by and with the approval of the Speaker. 
With the exception of the Clerks appointed to the Appropriations 
and Finance, the Clerks to all the other above named committees, 
when not on duty with their specific committee shall report to 
and be under the supervision of the Principal Clerk of the House 
for assignment to special duty with other committees and to 
serve the convenience of the members of the House. 

67. The Chairman of all committees shall notify, or cause to 
be notified, the first named introducer on such bills as are set 
for hearing before their respective committees, the date, time and 
place of such hearing. 

68. That no clerk, laborer, or other person employed or ap- 
pointed under Rules 64, 65, and 66 hereof shall receive during 
such employment, appointment, or service any compensation from 
any department of the State Government, or from any other 
source, and there shall not be voted, paid or awarded any addi- 
tional pay, bonus or gratuity to any of them, but said persons 
shall receive only the pay for such duties and services as now 
provided by law. When the House is not in session the pages 
shall be under the supervision of the Principal Clerk. 

69. The chairman and five other members of any committee 
shall constitute a quorum of said committee for the transaction 
of business. 

70. The Committee on the Journal shall examine daily the 
Journal of the House before the hour of convening, and report 
after the opening of the House whether or not the proceedings of 
the previous day have been correctly recorded. 

71. When a bill shall be reported by a committee with a recom- 
mendation that it be not passed, but accompanied by a minority 
report, the question before the House shall be "The adoption of 
the minority report," and if failing to be adopted by a majority 
vote, the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. Such 
minority report shall be signed by at least one-fourth of the 
members of the Committee who were present and voting when the 



House of Representatives 343 

bill was considered in Committee. In the event there is an un- 
favorable report v^^ith no minority report accompanying it, the 
bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. To take a 
bill from the unfavorable calendar, a two-thirds vote shall be 
necessary. 

72. A bill from the unfavorable calendar shall not be debatable, 
but the movant may make a brief and concise statement of the 
reasons for the motion before making the motion, taking not more 
than five minutes. 

73. Whenever a public bill is introduced seven carbon copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill, and any bill submitted without 
the required number of copies shall be immediately returned to 
the introducer. The Clerk shall stamp the copies with the num- 
ber stamped upon the original bill. Such copies shall be daily de- 
livered to the joint committee hereafter provided for. The Clerk 
shall deliver the carbon copies of the bill designated to be printed, 
as hereinafter provided for, to the Public Printer and cause four 
hundred copies thereof to be printed. On the morning following 
the delivery of the printed copies, the Chief Clerk shall cause the 
chief page to have one copy thereof put upon the desk of each 
member and shall retain the other printed copies in his office. A 
sufficent number of the printed copies for the use of the committee 
to which the bill is referred shall be by the chief page delivered 
to the chairman or clerk of that committee. If the bill is passed, 
the remaining copies shall be by the chief page delivered to the 
Principal Clerk of the Senate for the use of the Senate. The cost 
of printing shall be paid from the contingent fund of the House 
of Representatives. The Chairman of the Rules Committee of the 
House and the Chairman of the Rules Committee of the Senate 
shall appoint a subcommittee consisting of two members of the 
House and two members of the Senate from the body of the House 
and Senate, and such chairmen shall notify the Principal Clerk 
of the House and the Senate who has been so appointed. Such 
sub-committee shall meet daily and examine the carbon copies of 
the public bills introduced and determine which of such bills 
shall be printed and which shall not, and stamp the copies ac- 
cordingly. Such sub-committees shall serve for one week unless 
for good cause the chairmen of the respective rules committees 
shall determine otherwise. If the member introducing a public 



344 North Carolina Manual 

bill, which the committee shall determine should not be printed, 
so desires, he may appear before the committee at the next meet- 
ing thereof with reference thereto. 

74. Whenever any resolution or bill is introduced a carbon copy 
thereof shall be attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall 
cause said carbon copy to be numbered as the original resolution 
or bill is numbered, and shall cause the same to be available at 
all times to the member introducing the same. In case the resolu- 
tion or bill is a public resolution or bill, an additional carbon 
copy shall also be attached thereto for the use of the Public 
Printer, under the provisions of Rule 66. 

ARTICLE II 

Constitution of North Carolina 

Sec. 29. Li)Jiitations upon power of General Assembly to enact 
private o)- special legislation. 

The General Assembly shall not pass any local, private, or 
special act or resolution relating to the establishment of courts 
inferior to the Superior Court; relating to the appointment of 
justices of the peace; relating to health, sanitation, and the abate- 
ment of nuisances; changing the names of cities, towns, and 
townships; authorizing the laying out, opening, altering, maintain- 
ing, or discontinuing of highways, streets, or alleys; relating to 
ferries or bridges, relating to non-navigable streams, relating to 
cemeteries; relating to the pay of jurors; erecting new townships, 
or changing township lines, or establishing or changing the line 
of school districts; remitting fines, penalties, and forfeitures, or 
refunding moneys legally paid into the Public Treasury; regulat- 
ing labor, trade, mining, or manufacturing; extending the time 
for the assessment or collection of taxes or otherwise relieving 
any collector of taxes from the due performance of his official 
duties or his sureties from liability; giving effect to informal wills 
and deeds; nor shall the General Assembly enact any such local, 
private, or special act by the partial repeal of a general law, 
but the General Assembly may at any time repeal local, private, 
or special laws enacted by it. Any local, private or special act 
oi- resolution passed in violation of the provisions of this section 
shall be void. The General Assembly shall have power to pass 
general laws regulating matters set out in this section. 



House of Representatives 345 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE 
OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Alphabetically Arranged 

Committee on Agriculture 

Mr. Branch, Chairman 
Mr. Brown of Jackson, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Anderson, Askew, Avant, Bender, Blue, Brock 
(R), Brown of Watauga, Burgess, Carr, Dalrymple, Edwards of 
Greene, Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd, Goodman (R.), Greene, 
Gregory, Holmes, Home, Ireland (R), Kilpatrick, Little of Alex- 
ander, Little of Anson, Maddrey, Mintz, Moore of Wilson, Pope, 
Pou, Regan, Royster, Satterfield, Spruill, Steed, Swindell, Venters, 
Warren, Whitfield, Whitley, Wiggs, Williams, Woodard, Worth- 
ington, Yates. 

Committee on Appropriations 

Mr. Moore of Wilson, Chairman 
Mr. Ramsay, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Atkins, Bender, Bost, Brown of Jackson, Brown 
of Watauga, Bryant, Bryson, Burgess, Burleson (R), Burfoot, 
Clark of Lincoln, Collier, Dawkins, Doughton, Edwards of Swain, 
Etheridge, Fisher (R) of Transylvania, Gentry, Goodman (R), 
Gregory, Holmes, Home, Ireland (R), Kilpatrick, King, Kirk- 
man, Lassiter, Little of Anson, Love, Maddrey, Massey, Mintz, 
Moore of Clay, O'Herron, Page, Pittman, Pope, Pritchett. Quinn 
Regan, Rodman, Royster, Sams, Sanders, Shreve, Spruill, Steed, 
Stoner, Swindell, Tew (R), Venters, White, Whitley, Whitmire, 
Williams, Woltz, Woodard, Yates. 

Committee on Banks and Banking 

Mr. Doughton, Chairman 
Mr. Dawkins, Vice-ChaArm,an 

Messrs: Blue, Bost, Brantley, Bryant, Burfoot, Clark of Bladen, 
Clark of Lincoln, Crissman, Dill, Hardison, Holmes, Lassiter, 



346 North Carolina Manual 

Little of Anson, Long, Marshall, Moore of Wilson, Pope, Pritchett, 
Ramsay, Rodman, Steed, Taylor of Warren, Venters, Ward (R), 
Whitley, Woolard, Worthington, 

Committee on Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry 

Mr. Collier, Chairman 
Mr. Holmes, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Burfoot, Burgess, Combs, Dill, Etheridge, 
Floyd, Greene, Hardison, Hewlett, Johnson, Mintz, Swindell, Tew 
(R), Venters, White, Whitfield. 

Committee on Commissions and Institutions for the Blind 

Mr. Blue, Chairman 
Mr. Dill, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Avant, Burgess, Fountain, Home, Kirkman, Leinbach 
(R), Love, O'Herron, Pou, Sams, Umstead, Vogler, Woodard, 
Yarborough. 

Committee on Congressional Districts 

Mr. Little of Alexander, Chairman 
Mr. Yarborough, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Atkins, Blue, Brock (R), Brown of Jackson, 
Bryson, Burleson (R), Collier, Crissman, Edwards of Greene, 
Etheridge, Floyd, Fountain, Gregory, Home, Leinbach (R), 
Powell, Sanders, Taylor of Buncombe, Tew (R), Turner. 

Committee on Conservation and Development 

Mr. Etheridge, Chairman 
Mr. Brown of Watauga, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Avant, Brown of Jackson, Burfoot, Clark of 
Bladen, Clark of Lincoln, Collier, Combs, Crissman, Dawkins, Dill, 
Doughton, Duncan, Edwards of Swain, Fisher of Transylvania 
(R), Fountain, Gentry, Greene, Henderson, Home, King, Lassiter, 
Love, Moore of Wilson, Pope, Quinn, Ramsay, Regan, Royster, 
Scott, Steed, Whitfield, Woolard, Worthington. 



House of Representatives 347 

Committee on Constitutional Amendments 

Mr. Parrott, Chairman 
Mr. Scott, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Atkins, Bender, Bost, Bryant, Doughton, Falls, Gudger, 
Hewlett, Holmes, Little of Alexander, Love, Pritchett, Shreve, 
Uzzell, Whitmire, Williams, Worthington. 

Committee on Corporations 

Mr. Womble, Chairman 
Mr. Pittman, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs : Anderson, Blackwell, Bost, Branch, Crissman, Eth- 
eridge, Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd, Gobble, Henderson, Little of 
Anson, Marshall, Pope, Royster, Scott, Taylor of Buncombe, Tew 
(R), Umstead, Uzzell, Venters. 

Committee on Counties, Cities and Towns 

Mr. Venters, Chairman 
Mr. Williams, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Anderson, Avant, Blue, Brantley, Carr, Del- 
linger, Dill, Edwards of Swain, Fields (R), Fisher of Cumber- 
land, Greene, Henderson, Home, King, Kirkman, Leinbach (R), 
Long, Maddrey, McDuffie (R), McRorie, Sanders, Scott, Shreve, 
Tew (R), Vogler, Ward (R), Whitley, Woodard, Woolard. 

Committee on Courts and Judicial Districts 

Mr. White, Chairman 
Mr. Love, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bender, Brock (R), Brown of Watauga, Edwards of 
Swain, Falls, Henderson, Holmes, Horton, Lassiter, Long, Parrott, 
Pritchett, Regan, Sanders, Shreve, Taylor of Warren, Turner, 
Uzzell, Venters, Whitmir?, Woltz, Womble, Worthington, Yar-. 
borough, 



348 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Drainage 

Mr. Burgess, Chairman 
Mr. Woolard, V ice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Bender, Collier, Combs, Clark of Bladen, Eth- 
eridge, Floyd, Gregory, Johnson, Kilpatrick, Kiser, Mintz, Page, 
Swindell, Tew (R), Whitfield. 

Committee on Education 

Mr. Rodman, Chairman 
Mr. Edwards of Swain, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Brock (R), Brown of Jackson, Brown of Watauga, Bry- 
son, Burleson (R), Carr, Collier, Combs, Bellinger, Edwards of 
Greene, Fountain, Goodman (R), Hewlett, Henderson, Holmes, 
Kilpatrick, King, Kirkman, Kiser, Lassiter, Leinbach (R), Little 
of Alexander, Love, Maddrey, Marshall, Mcore of Wilson, Page, 
Pittman, Pritchett, Quinn, Ramsay, Regan, Royster, Sams, San- 
ders, Satterfield, Shreve, Stoner, Taylor of Buncombe, Taylor of 
Warren, Turner, Umstead, Whitmire, Woltz, Womble, Woodard, 
Yates, Yarborough. 

Committee on Elections and Election Laws 

Mr. Brown of Jackson, ChairmAxn 
Mr. Uzzell, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Blue, Brown of Watauga, Burleson (R), Etheridge, 
Falls, Hardison, Ireland (R), Love, Massey, Moore of Clay, Pou, 
Rodman, Spruill, Turner, White, Whitmire, Yarborough, Yates. 

Committee on Employment Security 

Mr. Pritchett, Chairman 
Mr. O'Herron, Vice-Chairvfian 

Messrs: Avant, Bost, Burleson (R), Clark of Lincoln, Bellinger, 
Edwards of Greene, Elliott, Floyd, Fountain, Hewlett, Parrott, 
Ramsay, Rodman, Royster, Sams, Spruill, Taylor of Warren, Ward 
(R), Williams, Womble, Worthington, Yarborough, 



House of Representatives 349 

Committee on Engrossed Bills 

Mr. Gobble, Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Bryant, Bryson, Fields (R), Massey, Mintz, 
Moore of Clay, Powell, Tew (R), Whitfield. 

Committee on Expenditures of House 

Mr. Massey, Chainnan 

Messrs: Allen, Atkins, Bellinger, Duncan, Etheridge, Floyd, 
Fountain, Gentry, Gudger, Kirkman, Pittman, Satterfield, Um- 
stead, Ward (R). 

Committee on Federal and Interstate Cooperation 

Mr. Crissman, Chairinan 
Mr. Stoner, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Clark of Lincoln, Edwards of Swain, Falls, Gentry, 
Henderson, Little of Anson, McRorie, Pittman, Quinn, Taylor of 
Warren, Williams, Womble, Worthington. 

Committee on Finance 

Mr. Bost, Chairm,an 
Mr. Lassiter, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Anderson, Avant, 'Barker, Blackwell, Blue, 
Branch, Brantley, Brock (R), Carr, Clark of Bladen, Combs, 
Crissman, Dalrymple, Bellinger, Dill, Duncan, Edwards of Greene, 
Elliott, Falls, Fields (R), Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd, Fountain, 
Gobble, Greene, Gudger, Hardison, Henderson, Hewlett, Horton, 
Johnson, Kiser, Leinbach (R), Little of Alexander, Long, Mar- 
shall, McDuffie (R), McRorie, Moore of Wilson, Parrott, Pou, 
Powell, Ramsay, Satterfield, Scott, Taylor of Buncombe, Taylor 
of Warren, Turner, Unistead, Uzzell, Vogler, Ward (R), Warren, 
■yV^hitfield, Wiggs, Womble, Woolard, Worthington, Yarborough. 



350 North Carolina Manual 



Committee on Health 



Mr. Royster, Chairynan 
Mr. Sams, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Barker, Branch, Brantley, Brock (R), Brown 
of Jackson, Bryant, Bui-gess, Clark of Bladen, Clark of Lincoln, 
Fisher of Transylvania (R), Floyd, Gentry, Gobble, Gudger, John- 
son, Kilpatrick, Kirkman, Little of Alexander, Mintz, Moore of 
Clay, Moore of Wilson, O'Herron, Page, Powell, Pritchett, Quinn, 
Scott, Spruill, Stoner, Taylor of Buncombe, Tew (R), Umstead, 
Uzzell, Vogler, Warren, White, Wiggs, Woltz, Woodard. 



Committee on Higher Education 

Mr. Edwards of Greene, Chairman 
Mr. Pope, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Atkins, Barker, Brock (R), Brown of Watauga, Collier, 
Doughton, Etheridge, Falls, Fields (R), Gudger, Horton, King, 
Kiser, Lassiter, Pou, Ramsay, Shreve, Umstead, Woodard. 

Committee on Institutions for the Deaf 

Mr. Horton, Chairman 
Mr. McRorie, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Atkins, Burgess, Burleson (R), Elliott, Hardi- 
son, Ireland (R), Massey, Sams, Swindell, Warren, Yates. 

Committee on Insurance 

Mr. Taylor of Buncombe, Chairman 
Mr. Pou, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Blackwell, Bost, Burgess, Carr, Crissman, Bellinger, 
Dill, Greene, Ireland (R), Lassiter, Little of Anson, Long, O'Her- 
ron, Pritchett, Rodman, Royster, Stoner, Umstead, Uzzell, Whitley, 
Worthington, 



House of Representatives 351 

Committee on the Journal 

Mr. Moore of Clay, Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Avant, Bender, Dalrymple, Fisher of Cumber- 
land, Horton, Johnson, King, Kirkman, Maddrey, McDuffie (R), 
McRorie, Page, Powell, Quinn, Shreve. 

Committee on Judiciary No. 1 

Mr. Whitmire, Chairman 
Mr. Hewlett, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Atkins, Blackwell, Bost, Brock (R), Bellinger, Fisher 
of Transylvania (R), Floyd, Fountain, Gudger, Holmes, Lassiter, 
Long, Pittman, Pope, Pritchett, Ramsay, Rodman, Sanders, Shreve, 
Turner, Woltz, Womble, Worthington, Yarborough. 

Committee on Judiciary No. 2 

Mr. Uzzell, Chairman 
Mr. Taylor of Warren, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Barker, Bender, Branch, Brown of Watauga, Clark of 
Lincoln, Crissman, Edwards of Swain, Falls, Henderson, Horton, 
Kirkman, Love, McDuffie (R), McRorie, Moore of Wilson, Parrott, 
Regan, Satterfield, Stoner, Taylor of Buncombe, Venters, White, 
Whitley. 

Committee on Manufacturers and Labor 

Mr. Burfoot, Chairman 
Mr. Bryant, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bost, Branch, Brown of Jackson, Clark of Bladen, Clark 
of Lincoln, Collier, Dawkins, Dill, Doughton, Fisher of Transyl- 
vania (R), Gentry, Gobble, Greene, Hardison, Lassiter, Little of 
Anson, Mintz, Powell, Ramsay, Regan, Rodman, Scott, Spruill, 
Taylor of Warren, Ward (R), Whitfield, Whitmire, Williams, 
Womble, Woolard, Yarborough. 



352 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Mental Institutions 

Mr. Spi'uill, Clhwirman 
Ml'. Whitley, V ice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Barker, Blue, Bryson, Dawkins, Elliott, Ed- 
wards of Greene, Fisher of Cumberland, Gobble, Greene, Gregory, 
Horton, Kilpatrick, Riser, Leinbach (R), Maddrey, Massey, Moore 
of Clay, Page, Parrott, Sams, Satterfield, Stoner, Taylor of Bun- 
combe, Tew (R), Umstead, Vogler, Warren, Womble, Yates. 

Committee on Military Affairs 

. Mr. Turner, Chairman 
Mr. Sanders, Vice-Chairynan 

Messrs: Bryant, Dalrymple, Dill, Fisher of Transylvania (R), 
Riser, Pittman, Powell, White, Whitley. 

Committee on Penal Institutions 

Mr. Warren, Chairman 
Mr. Clark of Bladen, Vice-Chah-man 

Messrs: Anderson, Blackwell, Branch, Combs, Dawkins, Falls, 
Gentry, Home, Massey, McDuffie (R), Pou, Spruill, Steed, Um- 
stead, White, Whitfield, Wiggs, Woolard. 

Committee on Propositions and Grievances 

Mr. Regan, Chairman 
Mr. Johnson, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Barker, Bost, Brantley, Burfoot, Burgess, Carr, Dill, 
Duncan, Edwards of Greene, Fields (R), Gobble, Greene, Hardi- 
son, Hewlett, Ring, Leinbach (R), Long, Marshall, Moore of Wil- 
son, O'Herron, Parrott, Pittman, Pritchett, Rodman, Scott, Spruill, 
Taylor of Warren, Turner, Uzzell, Venters, Warren, Wiggs, Wil- 
liams, Womble, Worthington. 



House of Representatives 353 



Committee on Public Utilities 



Mr. Lassiter, Chairman 
Mr. Woltz, Vice -Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Barker, Blackwell, Best, Branch, Bryant, 
Burfoot, Clark of Lincoln, Crissman, Fountain, Hardison, Hewlett, 
Home, Kirkman, Little of Anson, Moore of Wilson, Parrott, Pou, 
Rodman, Royster, Scott, Spruill, Stoner, Taylor of Buncombe, 
Uzzell, Whitmire, Williams, Worthington, Yarborough. 

Committee on Public Welfare 

Mr. Little of Anson, Chairman 
Mr. Clark of Lincoln, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Anderson, Brantley, Brock (R), Brown of Jack- 
son, Bryson, Burleson (R), Collier, Doughton, Duncan, Edwards 
of Greene, Elliott, Gentry, Goodman (R), Johnson, Kilpatrick, 
King, Little of Alexander, Leinbach (R), Love, Maddrey, Moore 
of Clay, Moore of Wilson, Parrott, Pou, Powell, Quinn, Ramsay, 
Regan, Sams, Sanders, Taylor of Warren, Venters, Vogler, Ward 
(R), White, Wiggs, Woodard, Woolard, Yates. 

Committee on Roads 

Mr. Barker, Chairman 
Mr. Worthington, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs : Askew, Avant, Bost, Branch, Brantley, Bryant, Bur- 
foot, Burgess, Carr, Clark of Bladen, Dawkins, Doughton, Dun- 
can, Edwards of Greene, Etheridge, Falls, Fields (R), Gobble, 
Greene, Gudger, Hardison, Home, Horton, Ireland (R), Little of 
Anson, Long, Massey, McRorie, Mintz, Moore ofXlay, Moore of 
Wilson, O'Herron, Parrott, Pope, Pou, Regan, Royster, Shreve, 
Spruill, Steed, Swindell, Uzzell, Warren, Whitley, Whitmire, 
Wiggs, Woltz. 



12 



354 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Rules 

Mr. Worthington, Chairman 
Mr. Gobble, Vice -Chair man 

Messrs: Barker, Bost, Branch, Brown of Jackson, Bryant, Bur- 
foot, Carr, Edwards of Greene, Edwards of Swain, Fisher of 
Transylvania (R), Greene, Horton, Johnson, Lassiter, Marshall, 
PIttman, Ramsay, Regan, Royster, Spruill, Taylor of Buncombe, 
Umstead, Venters, Whitmire, Williams, Woltz, Womble. 

Committee on Salaries and Fees 

Mr. Hardison, Chmrman 
Mr. Home, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Anderson, Bender, Brantley, Bryson, Burleson 
(R), Combs, Dalrymple, Duncan, Edwards of Swain, Elliott, 
Fields (R), Fisher of Transylvania (R), Fisher of Cumberland, 
Floyd, Gobble, Goodman (R), Gregory, Henderson, Hewlett, Hor- 
ton, Ireland (R), Maddrey, Mintz, Scott, Warren, Woodard. 

Committee on Senatorial Districts 

Mr. Greene, Chairman 
Mr. Henderson, Vice-Chmrman 

Messrs: Branch, Brock (R), Brown of Watauga, Bryant, Bur- 
foot, Clark of Lincoln, Dawkins, Gentry, Gobble, Gudger, Johnson, 
Little of Anson, Long, Marshall, Quinn, Ramsay, Regan, Royster, 
Sanders, Spruill, Stoner, Taylor of Warren, Turner, Venters, 
Ward (R), Whitmire. 

Committee on Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement 

Mr. Umstead, Chairman 
Mr. Carr, V ice-Chairmun 

Messrs: Bender, Bost, Branch, Burfoot, Dalrymple, Doughton, 
Fields (R), Fisher of Transylvania (R), Lassiter, Long, Marshall, 
McRorie, Parrott, Pittman, Ramsay. 



House of Representatives 355 

Committee on Veterans Legislation 

Mr. Dalrymple, Chairmaii 
Mr. Mintz, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Branch, Doughton, Fisher of Transylvania (R), 
Gudger, Hardison, Hevirlett, Leinbach (R), Little of Alexander, 
McRorie, O'Herron, Parrott, Pou, Wiggs, Woltz, Woolard. 

Committee on Wildlife Resources 

Mr. Kilpatrick, Chairman 
Mr. Long, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Atkins, Barker, Blue, Branch, Brantley, Brown 
of Watauga, Bryson, Burgess, Burleson (R), Carr, Dalrymple, 
Doughton, Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd, Greene, Holmes, Horton, 
Johnson, Little of Alexander, Massey, McDuffie (R), Moore of 
Clay, Satterfield, Swindell, Taylor of Buncombe, Turner, Uzzell, 
Vogler, Warren, White, Whitley, Williams. 

JOINT COMMITTEES 

Committee on Enrolled Bills 

Mr. Dellinger, Chairman 

Messrs: Allen, Bender, Elliott, Falls, Fields (R), Fisher of 
Transylvania (R), Goodman (R), Gregory, Kilpatrick, Quinn, 
Scott, Steed, Vogler, White. 

Committee on Justices of the Peace 

Mr. Woodard, Chairman 
Mr. Quinn, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs : Avant, Blackwell, Brantley, Brown of Watauga, Combs, 
Goodman (R), Gregory, Ireland (R), Kiser, Moore of Clay, Page, 
Pittman, Shreve, Swindell, Ward (R). 



356 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Library 

Mr. Maddrey, Chairman 

Messrs: Blackwell, Brock (R), Clark of Bladen, Bellinger, 
Doughton, Elliott, Goodman (R), King, Riser, Marshall, McRorie, 
Pope, Sams, Satterfield, Whitfield. 

Committee on Printing 

Mr. Vogler, Chairman 

Messrs: Avant, Blue, Bryson, Crissman, Dalrymple, Duncan, 
Fisher of Cumberland, Goodman (R), Maddrey, McDuffie (R), 
Page, Satterfield, Shreve, Whitfield, Yates. 

Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds 

'Mr. Falls, Chairman 
Mr. Brantley, V ice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Blackwell, Clark of Bladen, Crissman, Dal- 
rymple, Duncan, Elliott, Fields (R), Floyd, Fountain, Gregory, 
Kiser, McDuffie (R), Page, Pope, Vogler, Woodard. 

Committee on Trustees of the University 

Mr. Ramsay, Chairman 
Mr. Marshall, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Barker, Brock (R), Burleson (R), Burfoot, Clark of 
Bladen, Collier, Dawkins, Dill, Doughton, Duncan, Edwards of 
Swain, Etheridge, Fountain, King, Love, Moore of Wilson, O'Her- 
ron, Parrott, Pritchett, Regan, Rodman, Royster, Sams, Shreve, 
Spruill, Steed, Umstead, Venters, Whitfield, Whitley, Whitmire, 
Womble, Yarborough. 



House of Representatives 357 



SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1951 

NORTH CAROLINA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

County Name Address Seat 

Alamance George A. Long Burlington 66 

Alexander Earl F. Little Taylorsville 117 

Alleghany J. K. Dough ton Sparta 38 

Anson Hal W. Little Wadesboro 18 

Ashe Todd H. Gentry West Jefferson 68 

Avery W. R. Fields (R) Elk Park 108 

Beaufort Wm. B. Rodman Washington 43 

Bertie C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 7 

Bladen Clarence S. Clark Clarkton 92 

Brunswick Harry L. Mintz, Jr Supply 73 

Buncombe Lamar Gudger Asheville 39 

Claude L. Love Asheville 40 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 41 

Burke 0. Lee Horton Morganton 63 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 28 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 27 

Caldwell J. T. Pritchett Lenoir 35 

Camden S. E. Burgess Belcross 114 

Carteret George W Dill, Jr Morehead City 49 

Caswell Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill 89 

Catawba Roy E. Leinbach, Jr. (R) Newton 107 

Chatham W. Herman Scott Chapel Hill 96 

Cherokee J. H. Duncan Murphy 87 

Chowan John F. White Edenton 113 

Clay H. M. Moore Hayesville 95 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 1 

Columbus Homer G. Avant Whiteville 76 

Craven Burl G. Hardison '. New Bern 20 

Cumberland J. L. Dawkins Fayetteville 98 

Troy A. Fisher Fayetteville 99 

Currituck E. R. Johnson Moyock 75 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 60 

Davidson Paul G. Stoner Lexington 46 

Davie B. C. Brock (R) Farmington 105 

Duplin R. M. Carr Wallace 81 

Durham Oscar G. Barker Durham 85 

Richard T. Sanders Durham 86 

Edgecombe Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount 54 

Forsyth Winfield Blackwell Winston-Salem 42 

F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 69 

Joe King Winston-Salem 70 

Franklin Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 57 

Gaston Charles Bryant, Sr Gastonia 34 

David P. Dellinger Cherryville 33 

Gates Allen E. Askew Gatesville 50 

Graham Dennis Massey Robbinsville 72 

Granville Thomas W. Allen Creedmoor 19 

Greene A. C. Edwards Hookerton 17 

Guilford Walter E. Crissman High Point 30 

0. Arthur Kirkman High Point 31 

Clyde A. Shreve Stokesdale 32 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 29 

Halifax Joseph Branch Enfield 15 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angler 93 

Haywood Oral L. Yates Waynesville 67 

Henderson R. Lee Whitmire Hendersonville 61 

Hertford C. Gordon Maddrey Ahoskie 59 

Hoke Harry A. Greene '.■.-... Raeford 3 

Hyde Russell A. Swindell Swan Quarter 79 

Iredell ..,..., Willjam R. Pope , , . . . .Mooj-esviUe, , 6^ 






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House of Representatives 359 



County Name Address Seat 

Jackson Frank H. Brown, Jr Cullowhee 112 

Johnston G. Troy Page Clayton 90 

J. Hayden Wiggs Selma 119 

Jones R. P. Bender PoUocksville 77 

Lee Robert W. Dalrymple Sanford 14 

Lenoir Marion A. Parrott Kinston 26 

Lincoln David Clark Lincolnton 51 

Macon C Tom Bryson CuUasaja 94 

Madison Dr. W. A. Sams Marshall 84 

Martin E. G. Anderson Robersonville 88 

McDowell Wm. P. Elliott Marion 116 

Mecklenburg David H. Henderson Charlotte 23 

Robert Lassiter, Jr Charlotte 24 

E. M. O'Herron, Jr Charlotte 22 

James B. Vogler Charlotte 21 

Mitchell Jeter C. Burleson (R) Bakersville 104 

Montgomery Joe D. Steed Candor 115 

Moore H. Chfton Blue Aberdeen 16 

Nash Tom A. Williams Battleboro 56 

New Hanover Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 55 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conway 58 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 25 

Orange J. W. Unstead, Jr Chapel Hill 97 

Pamlico T. J. Collier Arapahoe 5 

Pasquotank Noah Burfoot Elizabeth City 9 

Pender J. V. Whitfield Burgaw 2 

Perquimans Carroll R. Holmes Hertford 91 

Person B. L Satterfield Timberlake 78 

Pitt Frank M. Kilpatrick Ayden 8 

Sam 0. Worthington Greenville 6 

Polk R. E.Brantley Tryon 65 

Randolph Wiley L. Ward (R) Asheboro 103 

Richmond James H. Pittman Rockingham '.80 

Robeson F. Wayland Floyd Fairmont ^48 

John B. Regan St. Pauls 47 

Rockingham R. G. Powell Reidsville 44 

Rowan Kerr Craige Ramsay Salisbury 4 

George R. Uzzell Salisbury 13 

Rutherford Robert G. McRorie Rutherfordton 45 

Sampson J. E. Tew (R) Clinton ■ 109 

Scotland Roger C. Kiser .Lauriuburg 53 

Stanly Spencer B Goodman (R) Richfield 100 

Stokes Wm. F. Marshall, Jr Wabiut Cove 118 

Surry Howard 0. Woltz, Jr Mt. Airy 83 

Swain Herman Edwards Bryson City 82 

Transylvania Ralph R. Fisher (R) Brevard 110 

Tyrrell Lewis L. Combs Columbia 74 

Union Ben A. Home Monroe Ill 

Vance Fred S. Royster Henderson 36 

Wake Edwin S. Pou Raleigh 11 

Phil R. Whitley Wendell 12 

W. Brantley Womble Gary 10 

Warren William W. Taylor, Jr Warrenton 52 

Washington W. J. Woolard Plymouth 71 

Watauga Wade E. Brown Boone 64 

Wayne W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro Speaker 

Wilkes F. J. McDuffie (R) Wilkesboro 102 

Wilson Larry 1. Moore, Jr Wilson 37 

Yadkin W. N. Ireland (R) Hamptonville 101 

Yancey Bill Atkins Burnsville 106 



PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 







W. Kerr Scott 
Governor 



Biographical Sketches 

EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS 

WILLIAM KERR SCOTT 

GOVERNOR 

(Elected by the People) 

William Kerr Scott, Democrat, was born at Haw River, Ala- 
mance County, on April 17, 1896. Son of R. W. and Elizabeth 
Hughes Scott. Attended Hawfields Graded School, 1902-1908; 
Hawfields High School 1909-1913; N. C. State College 1913-1917; 
B.S. Degree in Agriculture, honor student and athlete. Farmer 
and dairyman. Emergency Food Production Agent, U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, 1917; Private Field Artillery, 1918; Ala- 
mance County Farm Agent, 1920-30; Master North Carolina State 
Grange, 1930-33; Regional Director, Farm Debt Adjustment 
Program of Resettlement Administration, 1934-36; State Commis- 
sioner of Agriculture 1936. Reelected 1940, 1944. Resigned Feb- 
ruary 14, 1948, to become candidate for Governor. Elected Gov- 
ernor November 2, 1948. Member American Jersey Cattle Club; 
N. C. Jersey Cattle Club (President) ; N. C. Rural Electrification 
Authority and first North Carolinian to make public address 
advocating rural electrification (Statesville in 1930) ; N. C. Dairy 
Association (President) ; State Farmers Convention (President) 
1934; N. C. Cotton Growers Cooperative Association (Advisory 
Board) ; Walter B. Ellis Post No. 63 American Legion, Burling- 
ton; Originator Tobacco Advisory Council; Tobacco Advisory 
Board (Chairman 1945) ; National Association of Commissioners, 
Secretaries and Commissioners of Agriculture (President 1947) ; 
National Advisory Committee of Agricultural Research and Mar- 
keting 1946-1948; Special Commission to Mexico to study Hoof 
and Mouth Disease 1947. 

Received Progressive Farmer award "Man of the Year" as N. C. 
Agricultural Leader in 1937. Received N. C. State Grange award, 
"Man of the Year" in 1950, Junior Order American Mechanics. 
Hawfields Presbyterian Church (Deacon 1920-32, Elder 1933-48). 
Married Miss Mary Elizabeth White' of Hawfields, July 2, 1919. 
Three children: Osborne W., Haw River; Mary Kerr (Mrs. A. J. 
Loudermilk), Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio; Robert W., student N. C. 
State College. Address: Haw River, N. C. 

363 



364 North Carolina Manual 

THAD EURE 

secretary of state 
(Elected by the People) 

Thad Eure, Democrat, of Hertford County, was born November 
15, 1899, in Gates County, N. C, Son of Tazewell A. and Armecia 
(Langstun) Eure. Attended Gatesville High School, 1913-1917; 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1919; University Law School 
1921-1922. Lawyer. Past member. North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina State Bar, and Hertford County Bar Asso- 
ciation. Mayor of Winton, 1923-1928. County attorney for Hert- 
ford County, 1923-1931. Member of General Assembly of 1929, 
representing Hertford County. Principal Clerk of the House of 
Representatives, Sessions of 1931, 1933, 1935, and Extra Session, 
1936. Presidential Elector First District of North Carolina, 1932. 
Escheats Agent, University of North Carolina, 1933-1936. Elected 
Secretary of State in the General Election of November 3, 1936, 
and assumed duties of the office December 21, 1936, by virtue of 
executive appointment, ten days prior to the commencement of 
Constitutional term, on account of a vacancy that then occurred. 
Re-elected Secretary of State in General Elections of 1940, 1944, 
and 1948. President, Ahoskie Kiwanis Club, 1927. Theta Chi Fra- 
ternity; Junior Order; B.P.O. Elks; President, N. C. Elks Associa- 
tion, 1946; T. P. A.; Member Board of Trustees, Elon College; 
President Elon College Foundation; American Legion, Forty and 
Eight; President, National Association of Secretaries of State, 
1942. Keynote speaker, Democratic State Convention, 1950. Con- 
gregational Christian Church. Married Miss Minta Banks of Win- 
ton, N. C, November 15, 1924. Of this union there are two chil- 
dren, a daughter and a son, Armecia and Thad Eure, Jr. Legal 
residence, Hertford County, N. C. Official address: State Capitol, 
Raleigh, 

HENRY LEE BRIDGES 

state auditor 
(Elected by the People) 

Henry Lee Bridges, Democrat, was born in Franklin County, 
N. C, June 10, 1907. Son of John Joseph and Ida Loraine (Car- 



Biographical Sketches 366 

roll) Bridges. Attended Wakelon High School, 1914-1920; Wiley 
School, Raleigh, 1921; Wakelon High School, 1922; Millbrook High 
School, 1923-1925; Mars Hill Junior College, A.B. Degree, 1929; 
Wake Forest College, B.A. Degree 1931; Wake Forest Law School, 
1932-1933. Attorney-at-Law. Member of the Greensboro Bar Asso- 
ciation; N. C. State Bar. Deputy Clerk, Superior Court of Guil- 
ford County, August, 1935-September, 1940; December, 1941- 
October, 1942; December, 1945-June 1, 1946. (Break in dates 
caused by Military Service). Secretary and Treasurer, Guilford 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1933-1940. Member and 
Past Master of Greensboro Lodge No. 76 Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. Chorazin Chapter No. 13 Royal Arch Masons; 
Ivanhoe Commandery No. 8 Knights Templar; Sudan Temple 
A.A.O.N.M.S. Enlisted in National Guard May, 1934 as a Private; 
promoted to Sgt. February, 1935 ; commissioned Second Lieuten- 
ant, June 18, 1935; commissioned First Lieutenant, November 18, 
1939; promoted to Captain, January 28, 1943; to Major on in- 
active status, January 17, 1947. Entered Federal Service, Sep- 
tember 16, 1940; released from active duty November 2, 1941; 
recalled to active duty October 7, 1942 ; relieved from active duty 
December 14, 1945. Veteran World War II, Post No. 53 American 
Legion Local; Local No. 506 Forty and Eight. Deacon Hayes Bar- 
ton Baptist Church; Member Board of Trustees Wake Forest Col- 
lege. Married Miss Clarice Hines, December 12, 1936. Two chil- 
dren: Joseph Henry, age eight years; George Hines, age four 
years. Home address: 2618 Grant Ave., Raleigh, N. C. 

BRANDON P. HODGES 

STATE TREASURER 

(Elected by the People) 

Brandon P. Hodges, Democrat, born in Asheville North Carolina 
September 6, 1903. Son of Daniel Merritt and Clara (Patton) 
Hodges. Attended city schools of Asheville, Porter Military Acad- 
emy, 1919-21. University of North Carolina January 1922-June 
1923; Law School 1923-24; Wake Forest Law School September 
1925-February 1926. Lawyer. Judge Pro-Tem Asheville Police 
Court 1927-30; Buncombe County Attorney 1936-46. Senator in 
General Assembly of 1943 and 1945. Chairman Senate Committee 



366 North Carolina Manual 

on Appropriations 1945. Member Advisory Budget Commission 
1945-46. Executive Counsel to Governor Cherry 1947 General 
Assembly. Member Commission to revise Insurance Laws 1944-45. 
Chairman Board Trustees, Western Carolina Teachers College 
1947-48. Member State Education Commission 1947-48. Former 
member of Buncombe County and State Democratic Executive 
Committees. Mason. Sigma Chi Fraternity. Presbyterian. Mar- 
ried Genevive Hare. Children: Brandon P., Jr., and Sarah Jane. 
Home address: Asheville, N. C. 



CLYDE ATKINSON ERWIN 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

(Elected by the People) 

Clyde Atkinson Ei'win, Democrat, was born in Atlanta, Georgia, 
February 8, 1897, son of Sylvanus and Mamie (Putnam) Erwin. 
Attended grammar schools of Charlotte and Waco and graduated 
from Piedmont High School, Lawndale, N. C, 1914. Attended Uni- 
versity of North Carolina 1915-1916 and subsequent summer 
schools. Awarded Pd.D. honorary degree Catawba College, Salis- 
bury, N. C, in May 1935; Ed. D. honorary degree North Caro- 
lina State College, Raleigh, N. C, in June, 1950. Principal Gault 
School, Jonesville, S. C, 1916-1917; Waco High School 1917-1919; 
Cliflfside Public Schools and Avondale Public Schools 1919-1923. 
Superintendent Rutherford County Schools 1925-1934. State 
Superintendent of Public Instruction for North Carolina since 
1934. Life member National Education Association; Member 
American Association of School Administrators; North Carolina 
Education Association (past president) ; Member National Com- 
mittee on Rural Education; Regional Consultant National Com- 
mittee on Emergency in Education. Chairman Board of Trustees 
of East Carolina Teachers College; Member Board of Trustees of 
Greater University, North Carolina College at Durham, Agricul- 
ture and Technical College, and Elizabeth City State Teachers 
College. President Southern Council Chief State School Officers 
1944—; Member Executive Committee and Chairman Legislative 
Committee, National Council Chief State School Officers, 1945- 
1946; Member Yearbook Committee American Association of 
School Administrators, 1945-1946. Vice President National Council 



Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 

Henry L. Bridges 
State Auditor 

Brandon P. Hodges 
State Treasurer 



Dr. Clyde A. Erwin 

Superintendent of Public 
Instruction 

Harry McMullan 

Attorney General 

L. Y. Ballentine 

Commissioner of Agriculturei 



Forrest H. Shuford 

Cominissioner of Labor 

Waldo C. Cheek 

Commissioner of Insurance 




State officials, who are elected by the people in addition to the Governor and Lieutenant 
Governor. The above officials constitute the Council of State with the exception of the Attorney 
General who is the legal adviser to the Executive Department. 



368 North Carolina Manual 

of Chief State School Officers 1948. Member Board of Advisory 
Editors, The School Executive. President National Council of 
Chief State School Officers, 1949. Chairman North Carolina Re- 
source-Use Education Commission, 1943 — . Member Committee on 
Scouting: in the Schools ; Member National Committee on School 
Savings; Member Committee on Educational Buildings and Equip- 
ment of the American Council on Education ; Member National 
Policy Advisory Committee for Vocational Education 1950-1954; 
Member Committee on National Teachers Examination of Ameri- 
can Council on Education; Member of North Carolina Chapter of 
Horace Mann League; Member National Commission on Safety 
Education; Member National Home Economics Advisoi-y Com- 
mittee. Educational Consultant TVA, 1950. Consultant National 
Safety Council, Consultant Educational Policies Committee of 
the National Education Association; Consultant to Rural Editor- 
ial Service for State Education Associations; Consultant Na- 
tional Conference on Rural Education; Consultant Educator's 
Washington Dispatch; Consultant on Regional Schools Southern 
Governors' Conference; Vice President Regional Council for Edu- 
cation; Member Planning Committee of Southern Association of 
Colleges and Secondary Schools, 1949-1951 ; Chairman National 
Conference on School Bus Transportation 1948. Chairman U. S. 
delegation to Thirteenth International Conference on Public Edu- 
cation in Geneva 1950. Member Editorial Advisory Board, Educa- 
tion Digest 1950-53. Member of the Committee on School Rela- 
tionships, Boy Scouts of America. State Chairman National Con- 
ference of Christians and Jews, 1950. President Rutherfordton 
Kiwanis Club 1932; honorary member for life Rutherford County 
Club. Mason; all branches, including Shrine; Member Sigma Chi, 
Phi Kappa Phi, and Kappa Phi Kappa. Methodist. Lay leader 
in Marion District; Superintendent Cliffside Sunday School; 
teacher ladies' class Rutherfordton M. E. Church for ten years. 
At present teacher of College Sunday School Class, Edenton 
Street Methodist Church. Married Miss Evelyn Miller of Waco, 
N. C; two children, Frances Elizabeth, and Clyde A., Jr. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 369 

LYNTON YATES BALLENTINE 

COMAIISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE 

(Elected by the People) 

Lynton Yates Ballentine, Democrat, was born at Varina, Wake 
County, N. C, April 6, 1899. Son of James Erastus and Lillian 
(Yates) Ballentine. Attended Oakwood and Cardenas Elementary 
Schools and Holly Springs High School, 1913-1917. Graduated 
from Wake Forest College in 1921 with an A.B. Degree, having 
specialized in political economy. Dairyman, farmer, and business- 
man. Member Wake County Board of Commissioners, 1926-1934. 
State Senator from the Thirteenth Senatorial District 1937, 1939, 
1941, and 1943. Member Board of Agriculture, 1941-1944. Elected 
Lieutenant Governor November 7, 1944. Elected Chairman State 
Board of Education 1945. Elected Commissioner of Agriculture, 
November 2, 1948. A charter member of the Fuquay Springs Post 
of the American Legion. Baptist. Address: Varina, N. C. 

FORREST HERMAN SHUFORD 

COMMISSIONER OF LABOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Forrest Herman Shuford, Democrat, was born in Cleveland 
County, North Carolina, June 3, 1897. Son of J. M. and Ella 
(Copeland) Shuford. Attended Public Schools of Cleveland County 
and graduated from Piedmont High School, Lawndale, N. C. At- 
tended Berea College, Berea, Kentucky; Textile School of North 
Carolina State College, Raleigh, N. C, and Duke University, Dur- 
ham, N. C. Worked in textile mills in Rhode Island and in Gas- 
tonia, N. C, 1921-1924. Principal of Ellenboro High School 1924- 
1925; Spindale School 1925-1926. Boys' Commissioner, City of 
High Point, High Point, N. C, 1925-1933. Appointed Chief In- 
spector of the Department of Labor in 1933 by Major A. L. 
Fletcher, Commissioner. Granted leave of absence from the De- 
partment of Labor to serve as N.R.A. Labor Compliance Officer 
for North Carolina 1934-1935. Appointed Commissioner of Labor 
by Governor Clyde R. Hoey, September 12, 1938. Elected to the 
office of Commissioner of Labor in the General Election Novem- 



370 North Carolina Manual 

ber 8, 1938. Re-elected November 5, 1940; November 7, 1944 and 
November 2, 1948. Member Society of Safety Engineers; Served 
in the Navy during World War I. Member American Legion since 
its organization; Past Commander of Andrew Jackson Post No. 87 
of American Legion, High Point, N. C; La Society Des 40 Hom- 
mes et Chevau. Past President, North Carolina Conference for 
Social Service. Past President, International Association of Gov- 
ernmental Labor Officials. Appointed by President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt in 1944 as Advisor to Governmental Delegates to the 
International Labor Organization Conference in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, and appointed by President Harry S. Truman in 
1947 as Advisor to Governmental Delegates to the International 
Labor Organization Conference which met in Geneva, Switzer- 
land. Member President's Committee on Industrial Safety. Ki- 
wanian. Address : Raleigh, N. C. 

WALDO CLAYTON CHEEK 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 

(Elected by the People) 

Waldo Clayton Cheek, Democrat, was born in Moore County, 
North Carolina, September 28, 1912. Son of R. F. and Dora 
(Howard) Cheek. Attended public schools of Moore and Randolph 
Counties, graduated Asheboro High School, 1931 ; Wake Forest 
College, A.B., 1934, LL.B., 1937. Engaged in law practice at 
Asheboro, North Carolina, 1937-1949; representative Connecticut 
Mutual Life Insurance Company in Asheboro, North Carolina, 
1939-1949. Chairman, Randolph County Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1948-1949. Appointed Commissioner of Insurance by 
Governor Scott June 13, 1949, to fill unexpired term of Honorable 
William P. Hodges, resigned. Elected Commissioner of Insurance 
in the General Election November 7, 1950. Member of Board of 
Law Enforcement Officers Benefit and Retirement Fund; member 
of Board of Trustees, Wake Forest College. Baptist. Mason. 
Married Miss Evelyn King June 2, 1939. One child: Neal King 
Cheek. Address: Raleigh, North Carolina, 



Biographical Sketches 371 



HARRY McMULLAN 

ATTORNEY GENERAL 

(Elected by the People) 

Harry McMullan, Democrat, was born at Hertford, N. C, July 
23, 1884. Son of Dr. J. H. and Lina (Tucker) McMullan. At- 
tended Edenton Public Schools; LL.B., University of North Caro- 
lina 1905; LL.D. (Honorai-y), University of North Carolina, 1946. 
Lawyer. Member D.K.E. and Gimghoul fraternities. Senator 
from the Second Senatorial District in the General Assembly of 
1929. Engaged in practice at Washington, N. C. 1907 to 1933; 
County Attorney for Beaufort County 1926 to 1933; Chairman 
North Carolina Industrial Commission. 1935-1936 North Carolina 
Bar Association. American Bar Association. Appointed Attorney 
General by Governor Hoey April 30, 1938, to succeed Attorney 
General A. A. F. Seawell upon his appointment to the Supreme 
Court; elected for the unexpired term of A. A. F. Seawell, Nov- 
ember 1938; elected for full four-year term, November 5, 1940; re- 
elected November 7th, 1944 and November 2, 1948. Episcopalian. 
Married Miss Pattie M. Baugham of Washington, N. C, October 4, 
1911. Four children. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WALTER FOSTER ANDERSON 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

(Appointed by the Attorney General) 

Walter Foster Anderson, Democrat, was born in Davie County, 
N. C, October 8, 1903. Son of James Garfield and Tobitha (Tut- 
terow) Anderson. Attended Center Grade School; Mocksville 
High; Rutherford College; Institute of Government; FBI National 
Academy. Served as member of the Winston-Salem Police De- 
partment, October 8, 1925-October 1, 1942; Chief of Police of the 
Winston-Salem Police Department, February 1, 1935 to October 
1, 1942; Chief of Police of the Charlotte, N. C. Police Depart- 
ment, October 1, 1942-April 1, 1946; Past President, FBI Na- 
tional Academy Associates; President, International Association 
Chiefs of Police. Mason. Methodist. Married Miss Mary Eliza- 
beth Powell, April 3, 1926. Three children: Mary Louise Ander- 
son; Nancy Janet Anderson; Doris Foster Anderson. Address: 
1224 Courtland Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



372 North Carolina Manual 

J. W. BEAN 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

J. W. Bean, Democrat, was born in Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 7, 1893. Son of O. D. and Annie (Cornelison) Bean. 
Attended Montgomery County grammar and high schools; Ether 
Academy. Taught two years in a public school. Accepted a posi- 
tion with the Southern Railway as Clerk, 1916, at Spencer, N. C, 
and was promoted to various positions, including General Fore- 
man of Southern Railway Supply Department. Itentified with 
several raih-oad organizations. Served as alderman and mayor 
pro tern of Town of Spencer, N. C. Chairman, Spencer School 
Board, 1928-1946. Served as Chairman of the Rowan County 
School Board Association and as Chairman of Spencer Precinct 
Democratic Executive Committee for a number of years. Secretary 
to Rowan County Democratic Executive Committee, 1928-1950. 
Representative from Rowan County in the General Assembly of 
1933 and 1935. Secured leave-of-absence from the Southern Rail- 
way Company in 1935 for six months to help organize the North 
Carolina Works Progress Administration as State Director of 
Labor-Management and Relations. Appointed by Governor Hoey 
as a member of the North Carolina Manpower Commission. Ap- 
pointed by Governor Broughton as a member of the Selective 
Service Board of Appeals, District No. 6, serving for the dura- 
tion of the war. Appointed by Governor Cherry as a member of 
a nine-man committee to study the needs of Area Vocational 
Schools in North Carolina. Appointed by Governor Cherry in 
1945 to a one-year term on the North Carolina Medical Care 
Commission and re-appointed in 1946 for a four-year term. Bap- 
tist. Married Miss Annie Stutts of Seagrove, N. C. Three chil- 
dren: two sons and one daughter. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

CARRIE L. BROUGHTON 

STATE LIBRARIAN 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Carrie L. Broughton, Democrat, was born in Wake County, Ra- 
leigh, N. C. Daughter of Needham B. and Caroline R. (Lougee) 



Biographical Sketches 373 

Broughton. Attended Raleigh Public Schools; Peace Junior Col- 
lege; North Carolina College for Women; Meredith College. Mem- 
ber American and North Carolina Library Associations; North 
Carolina Literary and Historical Association; Chairman Library 
Commission. Appointed Assistant State Librarian in 1902 and 
State Librarian in 1919. Baptist; active in Church work. Address: 
125 Hawthorne Rd., Raleigh, N. C. 

CHRISTOPHER CRITTENDEN 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

(Appointed by the Executive Board of the Department) 

Christopher Crittenden, Democrat, was born in Wake Forest, 
N. C, December 1, 1902. Son of Charles Christopher and Ethel 
(Taylor) Crittenden. Attended Wake Forest Grammar and High 
Schools. A.B. Wake Forest College 1921 and A.M. in 1922; Yale 
University, Ph.D. 1930. Director State Department of Archives 
and History (formerly the State Historical Commission) since 
1935; Secretary State Literary and Historical Association since 
1935; Member American Historical and Southern Historical asso- 
ciations; President Society of American Archivists; President 
American Association for State and Local History 1940-1942. 
Member History Club and Watauga Club of Raleigh. Principal 
Roxobel, N. C. Public School 1922-1923; Instructor in History, 
Yale University 1924-1925; University of North Carolina 1926- 
1929; Assistant Professor of History, University of North Caro- 
lina 1930-1935. Author of North Carolina Newspapers before 1770; 
The Commerce of North Carolina 1763-1789 ; and various histori- 
cal articles and book reviews. Editor The North Carolina Histor- 
ical Review. Baptist. Married Miss Janet Quinlan of Waynesville, 
N. C, 1930. Three children: C, Jr., born 1933; Robert Hinton, 
born 1936; Ann Lane, born 1^38. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



374 North Carolina Manual 

CLARENCE DeWITT DOUGLAS 

CONTROLLER STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

(Appointed by the State Board of Education with the 
approval of the Governor) 

Clarence DeWitt Douglas, Democrat, was born in Surry County, 
N. C, October 19, 1894. Son of Francis Bryan and Susan (Cock- 
erham) Douglas. Attended Fruitland Institute, 1910-1911; Bre- 
vard Institute, 1911-1915; A.B. Degree, Trinity College (Duke 
University), 1920. Member North Carolina Education Association; 
American Association of School Administrators; Board of Trus- 
tees, Greensboro College; Raleigh Histoiy Club. Ass't. Director 
and Director Division of Finance, State Department of Public 
Instruction, 1920-1939. Director, Division of Auditing and Ac- 
counting in State School Commission and State Board of Educa- 
tion, 1939-1949. Charter member of Raleigh Lions Club. Served 
in the U. S. Armed Forces, Hq. 156 Field Artillery Brigade, 81st 
Division, Corporal, 1918-1919; American Expeditionary Forces; 
discharged June 23, 1919. Methodist; Steward. Married Miss 
Mary Teresa Peacock of Salisbury, August 25, 1931. Address: 
2621 Dover Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



—•=jxtxji\:s. 



GURNEY POPE HOOD 

~ "■ "*"^'^~" """^'^" COMMISSIONER OF BANKS 

(Appointed by the Governor with Advice and 
Consent of the Senate) 

Gurney Pope Hood, Democrat, was born in Granthams Town- 
ship, Wayne County, N. C, November 26, 1884. Son of Solomon 
Pope and Betsey (Rhodes) Hood. Attended Wayne County Public 
Schools 1890-1899; Goldsboro Graded School 1900-1901. Studied 
law under private teacher 1906-1908; licensed to practice 1908. 
Appointed Commissioner of Banks April 1931. Member National 
Association of Supervisors of State Banks; President 1938-1939; 
Chairman Executive Committee 1937-1938; Chairman District No. 
2, 1940-1943, 1950-51. President Hood Finance Corporation 1924- 
1929; President, The Hood System, Inc., 1929-1931; Served as of- 
ficer for various banking institutions in North Carolina. Alder- 
man, Goldsboro, 1911, 1913; Mayor, Morehead City, 1917-1919. 



Biographical Sketches 3715 

Member House of Representatives from Wayne County in the 
General Assembly of 1929 and 1931. Corporal North Carolina 
National Guard 1906-1908. Mason; I.O.O.F.; Woodmen of the 
World; Past State Councilor, Junior Order United American 
Mechanics, and State Council Treasurer; Member National Board 
of Trustees 1929-1941 ; Member National Board of Control since 
1941. Methodist; Lay Leader 1919-1920; Member Commission on 
Budget, Annual Conference 1930-1940; Member Commission on 
World Service and Finance, Annual Conference since 1940; Presi- 
dent since 1944; Delegate to General Conference 1938; Uniting 
Conference 1939; Jurisdictional Conference 1940-1944; General 
Conference, The Methodist Church 1940-1948. Vice-President, 
North Carolina Council of Churches since 1948; Member Board of 
Directors, National Conference of Christian and Jews since 1948. 
Delegate National Council of Churches 1950. Married Miss Marion 
Lee Stevens, June 16, 1915. Children: Robin Pope, Samuel Stevens 
and Lee Rawlings Hood. Address : Goldsboro, N. C. 

FRED CALDWELL HUNTER 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor w^ith the approval of the Senate) 

Fred Caldwell Hunter, Democrat, was born in Mecklenburg 
County, N. C, April 14, 1884. Son of J. G. Mc. and Jane E. 
Hunter. Attended Bethany High School, Clover, S. C, 1904-1906; 
A.B. University of North Carolina 1911; LL.B. Washington and 
Lee University 1915. Judge Mecklenburg County Recorder's Court 
1930-1938. Appointed Utilities Commissioner by Governor Brough- 
ton, April 1941, reappointed by Governor Broughton, February 
1943, reappointed by Governor Scott, February 1949. Presbyterian. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. Permanent Address: Route 10, Char- 
lotte, N. C. 

J. FRANK HUSKINS 

CHAIRMAN NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

J. Frank Huskins, Democrat, was born in Toledo, N. C, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1911. Son of Joseph Erwin and Mary Etta (Peterson) 



376 North Carolina Manual 

Huskins. Attended public schools of Yancey County; Yancey Col- 
lejyiate Institute and Burnsville Hig'h School, 1923-1927; Mars 
Hill Colleg-e, 1927-1929; University of North Carolina, 1929-1930, 
A.B. Degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1930- 
1932; Licensed to practice in North Carolina, August 22, 1932; 
admitted to practice in Federal Courts, 1933. Lawyer. Member, 
18th District Bar Association; Vice-President, 1940-1941; North 
Carolina Bar Association; Yancey County Bar Association. Attor- 
ney for Home Owners' Loan Corporation, 1933-1935. Mayor, 
Town of Burnsville, 1939-1942, resigning in middle of second term 
to accept commission in U. S. Navy. Served in United States 
Navy from .July 10, 1942 to February 18, 1946; Lieutenant Com- 
mander in United States Naval Reserve at present time. Member 
of the American Legion; Lions Club; Burnsville Men's Club. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Baptist. 
Married Miss Mary Bailey, January 22, 1938. Address: Raleigh, 
N. C. • 



JOSHUA STUART JAMES 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 

Joshua Stuart James, Democrat, was born in Maple Hill, 
Pender County, N. C, October 26, 1907. Son of Gibson and Anne- 
belle (Murray) James. Attended the Public Schools of Pender 
County, 1915-1923; Highland Spring School, Virginia 1924-1926; 
A.B., Maryville College, Tennessee, 1931; LL.B., University of 
North Carolina Law School, 1946. Lawyer and farmer. Member, 
New Hanover County, N. C. State, and North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciations. Clerk Superior Court, Pender County, 1942-1944. Mem- 
ber, St. John's Lodge No. 1, Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, 
Wilmington, N. C; Phi Delta Phi International Law Fraternity; 
Pi Kappa Delta National Honorary Forensic Fraternity. Cor- 
poral, Army Air Forces, World War II. Presbyterian. Married 
Miss Lalage Shull, September 16, 1932. Children: Genevieve; 
Richard; Marion; Stuart. Permanent address: Wilmington, N. C, 
Official Address: Raleigh, N. C, 



Biographical Sketches 377 

TALMAGE CASEY JOHNSON 

COMMISSIONER OF PAROLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Talmage Casey Johnson, Democrat, was born in Pelzer, S. C, 
July 31, 1896. Son of James Robert and Ellie' (Casey) Johnson. 
Attended Honea Path, S. C. High School; Wofford College; Fur- 
man University, A.B. 1917, D.D. 1941; Vanderbilt University, 
M.A. 1921; Duke University. Member, American Prison Society. 
High Point City Councilman, 1929-1931. Mason; Maccabee. Assist- 
ant Director Venereal Disease Education Institute, Raleigh, N. C, 
1945-1947. Author of the following: "The Christian Differential"; 
"Life's Intimate Relationships"; "The Crucifiers"; "Then and 
Now, Look for the Dawn!". Contributor of Articles and Book Re- 
views to various periodicals. Baptist; Pastor First Baptist 
Church of Kinston, N. C, 1932-1945; Pastor First Baptist Church 
of Newton, N. C, 1947-1949. Married Miss Rachel Murr, April 
12, 1922. Three sons: George, William, and James. Address: 1508 
Greenwood Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

HENRY WATSON JORDAN 

CHAIRMAN STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Henry Watson Jordan, Democrat, was born at Ramseur, 
August 31, 1898. Son of Henry Harrison and Annie Elizabeth 
(Sellars) Jordan. Attended Rutherford schools, 1913-1915; Emory 
and Henry College; D.D.S. Emory University Dental School, 
1919. Cotton Textile Manufacturer. Member County School Board 
of Gaston; County School Board of Randolph. Member of the 
State Highway and Public Works Commission, Sixth Division, 
1945-1949. Sergeant, Student Army Training Corps; Commander, 
American Legion, 1922. Scottish Rite, York Rite Mason; Shriner 
(Oasis Temple). Member of Rotary Club, President 1924; Master 
Masonic Lodge, 1924-1926. Methodist; Chairman Board of Stew- 
ards, 1925-1940. Married Miss Mary Ruth Rankin, November 3, 
1933. Three children: Henry H. Jordan, 2nd; Annie Rankin Jor- 
dan; Thomas Andrew Jordan. Address: Cedar Falls, N. C. 



378 North Carolina Manual 

HENRY E. KENDALL 

CHAIRMAN EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Heni-y E. Kendall, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, August 
24, 1905. Son of Henry E. and Mary Whitelaw (Wiseman) Ken- 
dall. Attended Shelby Public schools; N. C. State College, 1922- 
26, B.S. degree in Civil Engineering. Member Pi Kappa Alpha; 
Theta Tau Engineering Fraternity; Tau Beta Pi (Scholastic) 
and Phi Kappa Phi (Honor) fraternities. Engineer with Plumer 
Wiseman & Co., Danville, Va., 1926-30; Ass't. office manager 
Dibrell Bros, tobacconists, Shanghai, China, 1931-36; engineer 
N. C. State School Commission, Raleigh, N. C, 1937-42. Commis- 
sioned 1st Lt. Engineers Corps, U. S. Army, September 18, 1942; 
served twenty months in European Theatre Operations and eight 
months in Asiatic Pacific; separated with rank of Lt. Colonel, 
August 7, 1946. Appointed Chairman, Unemployment Compensa- 
tion Commission (now Employment Security Commission) by 
Governor R. Gregg Cherry, July 1, 1946; reappointed by Govei*- 
nor W. Kerr Scott in 1949 for 4-year term. Member Lions Club; 
N. C. Society of Engineers; Raleigh Engineers Club; American 
Legion (member of State Administrative Committee 1950-54). 
Mason. Registered Engineer. President General Alumni Associa- 
tion N. C. State College, 1949-50; Chairman Executive Com- 
mittee Alumni Association, 1950-51. Vice-President Region III In- 
terstate Conference of Employment Security Agencies 1950-51. 
Member Legislative Committee same organization. Listed in Who's 
Who in the South and Southwest. Married Miss Eliza Katharine 
Kerr of Yanceyville, N. C. Presbyterian. Address: 2814 Exeter 
Circle, Raleigh, N. C. 

EDWARD H. McMAHAN 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Govei'nor with the approval of the Senate) 

Edward H. McMahan, Democrat, was born in Yancey County, 
N. C, June 20, 1905. Son of William Hayes and Eva Mae (Riddle) 
McMahan. Attended Marion Elementary and High Schools, 1911- 



Biographical Sketches 379 



> 



1923; Wake Forest College, 1923-1927, LL.B. Attorney at Law. 
Member, N. C. Bar Association; President, Local Bar Associa- 
tion, Transylvania County, 1946. President, Brevard Chamber of 
Commerce, 1944-1945. State Director, North Carolina Merchants 
Association, 1944-1949. Member, Loyal Order of Moose; Wood- 
men of the World. District Governor, District 31-A (Western 
North Carolina) Lions International, 1945-1946; Member, Board 
of Directors, Lions Liternational, 1948-1950; Endorsed by Lions 
of North Carolina for the office of Third Vice President of Lions 
International as a candidate in 1952. Methodist; Member of Board 
of Stewards, Brevard Methodist Church, 1943-1949; Superinten- 
dent Young People's Department, 1941-1943. Married Miss Sarah 
Kathleen Jenkins, December 19, 1925. Two children: Edward H. 
McMahan, Jr., age 24; Sarah Jaudon McMahan, age 20. Legal 
address: Brevard, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

JOHN VAN BOKKELEN METTS 

THE ADJUTANT GENERAL 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

John Van Bokkelen Metts, Democrat, was born in Wilmington, 
N. C, December 17, 1876. Son of James Isaac and Cornelia Froth- 
ingham (Cowan) Metts. Attended Tileston School and Cape Fear 
Academy 1882-1893; Military School. Member Adjutant General 
and National Guard associations of the United States. Member 
Board of County Commissioners, New Hanover County. In com- 
mand 119th Infantry, 30th Division, World War 1917-1918, 
awarded Distinguished Service Medal issued by the War Depart- 
ment for meritorious service. Brigadier General; commanding 
General 60th Infantry Brigade, June 1, 1926-December 12, 1936. 
Appointed The Adjutant General North Carolina, June 15, 1920. 
Recommended by the Governor and appointed by the President, 
State Director of Selective Service effective September 17, 1940, 
and inducted into federal service October 15, 1940. Awarded 
Merit Medal for service as State Director Selective Service. Mem- 
ber Saint Johns Lodge No. 1, A.F. and A.M., Wilmington, N. C. 
Episcopalian. Married the late Miss Josephine S. Budd, of Peters- 
burg, Virginia, November 1906. Two children: Josephine Budd 
Metts (Mrs. Spotswood Hathaway Huntt) and John Van B. 
Metts, Jr. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



380 North Carolina Manual 

JOHN WILLIAM ROY NORTON, M.D. 

secretary state board of health 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Board of Health 
with the approval of the Governor) 

John William Roy Norton, Democrat, was born in Scotland 
County, July 11, 1898. Son of Lafayette and Tola Josephine (Rey- 
nolds) Norton. Attended Snead's Grove School, 1916-1920; A.B. 
Degree, Trinity College (Duke University) June 1920; one year's 
work in the Law School, Trinity College, 1922-1923; Principal 
and athletic coach, Lumberton 1921-1922, Snead's Grove (Scot- 
land County) 1923-1924. University of N. C. Medical School, 
Chapel Hill, 1924-1926; Vanderbilt University Medical School, 
1926-1928, M.D. Degree, 1928; interne at Henry Ford Hospital, 
Detroit, Mich., July 1928-June 1929; member medical staff of the 
Henry Ford Hospital, July 1929-June 1930; chief of the medical 
department Holt-Crock Clinic, Fort Smith, Arkansas, July 1930- 
August 1931. City Health Superintendent, Rocky Mount 1931- 
1935; Assistant Division Director State Board of Health, 1936- 
1938; Professor Public Health Administration, University of 
North Carolina 1938-1940. Member of the Wake County and North 
Carolina Medical Societies; American and Southern Medical Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina and American Public Health Associations. 
Fellow American College of Physicians; Diplomate American 
Board of Preventive Medicine and Public Health; Past Sec.-Treas. 
and Chrm. Section Public Health and Education and Military 
Service Committee of N. C. Medical Society; Past Sec.-Treas. 
Nash-Edgecombfr Counties Medical Society; Past Vice-President 
Fourth District Medical Society; Past Secretary, Treasurer N. C. 
Public Health Association; Governing Council Southern Branch 
American Public Health Association; Chrmn. Subcommittee on 
Personnel Administration American Public Health Association; 
Chrmn. Subcommittee on Specialized Expenditures State and Ter- 
ritorial Health Officers' Association; Board of Directors Planned 
Parenthood Federation of America; Advisory Board N. C. Good 
Health Association; Exec. Com. N. C. Division American Cancer 
Society; Exec. Com. N. C. Social Hygiene Society; Visiting Asso- 
ciate Professor Public Health, University of N. C. School of Pub- 
lic Health; Board of Directors N. C. Heart Association; Exec. 



Biographical Sketches 381 

Com. N. C. Mental Hygiene Society; Exec. Com. N. C. Health 
Council; Board of Directors N. C. Conference Social Service; 
Medical Advisory Board, N. C. Military District; Medical Advisory 
Board Selective Service System (N. C.) ; Member North Carolina 
Civil Defense Council; Board of Directors Dental Foundation of 
North Carolina: Listed in "Who's Who In America." Delta Omega 
and Sigma Xi honorary Public Health and Scientific Societies. 
Scientific Exhibit medal (N. C. Medical Society) 1947. Reynolds 
Medal (N. C. Public Health Association) 1948. Woodmen of 
World; Mason. Delta Sigma Phi, Alpha Kappa Kappa, Sigma Nu 
Phi Fraternities. Author of Rabies Control; Diphtheria Control; 
Observations on 1948 Polio Epidemic in North Carolina; Planning 
a Public Health Program; A Mid-Century Review of Public 
Health Activities in North Carolina. Many articles in N. C. Health 
Bulletin. Private to Second Lieutenant of Field Artillery, 1918; 
Captain to Colonel in Medical Corps, 1940-1945; Medical Inspectoi 
Fort Bragg; Assistant Chief Preventive Medicine European 
Theater; Deputy Chief Hygiene Allied Force Headquarters; Medi- 
cal Inspector Seventh Army; Director Epidemiology for Army; 
Chief Preventive Medicine Ninth Service Command. Awarded 
battle stars Tunisian and Sicilian Campaigns and Army Commen- 
dation Citation for service as Army Epidemiology Chief. Meth- 
odist; Steward, First Methodist Church, Rocky Mount, 1934-1935 
and 1950- Edenton Street Church, Raleigh. Married Juanita Har- 
ris Ferguson, 1928. Three children: Geraldine, 21; Jean, 17; La- 
Fayette Ferguson, 11. Address: 2129 Cowper Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



NEROS FRANKLIN RANSDELL 

DIRECTOR STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Probation Commission 
with the approval of the Governor) 

Neros Franklin Ransdell, Democrat, was born in Franklin 
County, N. C, September 19, 1903. Son of William C. and Mary 
(Dixon) Ransdell. Attended Sandhill Farm Life School, 1923- 
1927; Mars Hill College; Wake Forest College; Wake Forest Law 
School, 1930-1933. President, Euthalian Literary Society, Mars 
Hill College, 1929; awarded improvement medal, 1928; Debater's 
piedal, 1929; Commencement Debater's medal, 1929. Inter-Cpl- 



382 North Carolina Manual 

le,2:iate Debater, 1928-1929. Delegate from Wake County to Na- 
tional Farm Bureau Organization in Chicago, 111., 1944. Lawyer. 
Member Wake County Bar Association ; North Carolina State Bar 
Association. Solicitor, Fuquay Springs Recorder's Court, 1934- 
1944. Representative from Wake County in the General Assembly 
of 1945 and 1947. Chief Enrolling Clerk during 1949 Session of 
the General Assembly. Appointed Director of State Probation 
Commission by the North Carolina State Probation Commission 
and the Governor, January 21, 1950. Member of Raleigh Elks 
Club, No. 734; Fuquay-Varina Lions Club. Presbyterian. One 
daughter: Sylvia Nan Ransdell. Address: Varina, N. C. 



GEORGE ROMULUS ROSS 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

George Romulus Ross, Democrat, was born in Randolph County, 
May 22, 1888. Son of Romulus Rudolph and Rebecca Ellen (Mc- 
Culloch) Ross. Attended Asheboro Public Schools, 1895-1905; 
A. and M. College (now State College of Agriculture and En- 
gineering), 1911, B.S. Degree in Agriculture. Member, Grange; 
Farm Bureau. Trustee of North Carolina State College, 1921- 
1926. President, State College Alumni Association, 1930-1931. 
Member of Governor Hoey's Education Commission (Vice-Chair- 
man), 1937-1938. Manager, farms and orchards in Moore and 
Richmond Counties, 1912-1924; Director, Division of Markets, 
N. C. Department of Agriculture, 1924-1929; Director of State- 
owned Farms, 1929-1934; Administrator, Rural Rehabilitation 
and Loan Administration, 1934-1937; Marketing Specialist, N. C. 
Department of Agriculture, 1938-1949. Mason. Representative in 
the General Assembly from Moore County, 1921, 1922, 1923, and 
1924. Democratic Elector from 8th District, 1940. Presbyterian; 
Elder since 1944. Married Miss Margaret Charlotte Goley, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1914. Two sons: George R. Ross, Jr.; William Goley 
Ross. Legal residence, Moore County, N. C. Home address: 1130 
Harvey Street, Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 383 

LANDON COATS ROSSER 

COMMISSIONER OF MOTOR VEHICLES 

(Appointed by the Govei'nor) 

Landon Coats Rosser, Democrat, was born in Chatham County, 
October 6, 1894. Son of James L, and Emma Susan (Hackney) 
Rosser. Attended Broadway High School, 1907-1911; B.S. Engi- 
neering, N. C. State College, 1915. Farmer. Member of Lions 
Club; American Legion. Mason. SheriflF of Lee County, N. C, 
1920-1926. Representative from Chatham County in the General 
Assembly of 1947. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, August 15, 1917; 
1st Lieutenant, November 1, 1918; discharged World War I, May 
12, 1919. Commissioned Captain, March 9, 1934; Major, June 1, 
1941; Lt. Colonel, July 5, 1942; Colonel, January 14, 1943; dis- 
charged World War II, December 14, 1946. Awarded Army Com- 
mendation Ribbon for service as Post Executive, Fort Bragg, 
March 1, 1942-Mareh 31, 1946. Appointed Vice Chairman N. C. 
Council for Civil Defense 1950. Methodist. Married Miss Hilda 
Gorrell, June, 1933. One daughter: Ann Hackney Rosser. Ad- 
dress: Mt. Vernon Springs, N. C. 

ROBERT LYNCH SCOTT 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Robert Lynch Scott, Democrat, was born in Rocky Mount, N. C, 
January 10, 1919. Son of John M. and Mary Ethel (Cashwell) 
Scott. Attended Rocky Mount Graded Schools; University of 
North Carolina, 1935-1936; Wake Forest College, 1938-1939; 
Wake Forest Law School, 1939-1941, 1945-1946, LL.B. Degree, 
1946; Law School, Duke University, 1946. Attorney. Member, 
William G. Hill Lodge No. 218, Ancient Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons. Served in the Army Air Force from August, 1941 to Decem- 
ber, 1945, being separated with rank of Captain. Baptist. Mar- 
ried Miss Marlowe Mosshart of Princeton, 111., 1945. Two daugh- 
ters: Jamieson and Shannon. Address: 2913 Anderson Drive, 
Raleigh, N. C. 



384 North Carolina Manual 

EUGENE GUILFORD SHAW 

COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE 

(Appointed by the Governoi) 

Eugene Guilford Shaw, Democrat, was born in Pittsburgh, Pa., 
April 2, 1899. Son of James Henry and Lillian (White) Shaw. 
Attended Greensboro High School, 1912-1917; Oak Ridge Military 
Institute, 1917-1918; University of North Carolina, 1920-1923; 
University of North Carolina Law School. Attorney at Law. Tax 
Administrator. Member, Greensboro Bar Association; N. C. Bar 
Association; American Bar Association; Executives Club; Greens- 
boro Real Estate Board; American Title Association. Past Presi- 
dent, Bar Association of 12th Judicial District. Charter member 
and Past President, Guilford County Young Democratic Club. 
Former Secretary, Guilford County Board of Elections. Former 
Executive Vice-Chairman, Guilford County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee. Deputy Clerk of the Superior Court of Guilford 
County, 1923-1925. Public Administrator in Guilford County, 
1932-1939. Former member Executive Committee of the N. C. 
Symphony Society. Member, Executive Board of Piedmont Festi- 
val of Music and Art; Executive Board Euterpe Club of Greens- 
boro. Charter member of the Greensboro Opera Association. Sea- 
man 2c, U. S. Navy in World War L Member, Corinthian Lodge 
No. 542 Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Past Master, 1929- 
1930. Member, Oasis Temple Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shi'ine. Appointed Commissioner of Revenue on April 26, 
1949 by Governor Kerr Scott for a term expiring Januaiy 1, 
1953. Presbyterian. Married Miss Alice Elizabeth Lindsay of 
Taylorsville, N. C, April 3, 1926. One son: Eugene Guilford 
Shaw, Age 23, a Senior in Princeton University. Address: 1616 
Nottingham Road, Greensboro, N. C. 



HARRY TRACY WESTCOTT 

state utilities commissioner 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 

Harry Tracy Westcott, Democrat, was born in Manteo, N. C, 
April 13, 1906. Son of George Thomas and Odessa (Tillett) West- 
cott. Attended Manteo Graded School, 1914-1920; Manteo High 



Biographical Sketches 385 

School, 1920-1924; North Carolina State College, B.S. Degree, 
1928. Attended and completed School of Transportation and Mar- 
keting conducted by the University of Chicago in cooperation 
with the U. S. Department of Agriculture in New York, 1938. 
President, Inspectors Association of America, 1941. Marketing 
Specialist, N. C. Department of Agriculture, 1936-1948. Adminis- 
trator, Federal Marketing Agreement and Order No. 81 States of 
N. C. and Virginia, 1948. Director of Markets, State of North 
Carolina, 1948-1950. Appointed by Governor Scott as a member 
of the Utilities Commission, March 1, 1950. Reappointed for a 
term of six years, February 1, 1951. Methodist. Married Miss 
Helen Rankin of Gastonia, N. C, March 21, 1942. Two children: 
Helen Rankin Westcott; Robert Thomas Westcott. Address: 1132 
Harvey Street, Raleigh, N. C. 



CHARLES MARSHALL WILLIAMS 

DIRECTOR DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Charles Marshall Williams, Democrat, was born in Clinton, S. C, 
May 21, 1903. Son of D. Marshall and Alice (Boyd) Williams. 
Graduated from High School, 1920; A.B., Wofford College. Chair- 
man, Board of County Commissioners of Alamance County, 1938- 
1946. Member, National Association of Purchasing Agents; Na- 
tional Institute of Governmental Purchasing Agents; National 
Association of State Purchasing Officials; The Carolinas-Virginia 
Purchasing Agents Association. Methodist. Married Miss Mary 
Johnson, September, 1930. One son: Roger Marshall Williams. 
Address: 2514 St. Marys Street, Raleigh, N. C. 



STANLEY WINBORNE 

CHAIRMAN STATE UTILITIES COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor with approval of the Senate) 

Stanley Winborne, Democrat, was born at Murfreesboro, N. C, 
August 25, 1886. Son of B. B. and Nellie (Vaughan) Winborne. 
Attended public schools; Dr. E. E. Parham's School, Murfrees- 
boro; University of North Carolina 1907; Ph.B. Degree. Member 

13 



38(5 North Carolina Manual 

of North Carolina Bar Association. Member of the North Caro- 
lina Society of the Cincinnati. Mason. Pi Kappa Alpha Fra- 
ternity; Order of the Gorgan's Head. Kiwanis Club. Mayor, Mur- 
freesboro 1909-1910; County Attorney 1911-1914; Representative 
from Hertford County 1915-1919; Senator from First District 
1921; Democratic nominee for Presidential Elector 1928. Ap- 
pointed member of the Corporation Commission in February 1930, 
by Governor Gardner; elected for unexpired term in November 
1930; re-elected for regular term 1932. Appointed Utilities Com- 
missioner by Governor Ehringhaus, effective January 1, 1934; 
elected for four-year term in November 1934; re-elected November 
8, 1938; made Chairman of present N. C. Utilities Commission by 
General Assembly 1941. Methodist. Married Miss Frances Sharp 
Jernigan, April 17, 1912. Four sons, three daughters, eight grand- 
sons and six granddaughters. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



DR. ELLEN WINSTON 

COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

(Appointed by the State Board of Public Welfare. 
Subject to approval by the Governor) 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Democrat, was born in Bryson City, N. C. 
Daughter of Stanley Warren and Marianna (Fischer) Black. At- 
tended Bryson City Public Schools; Converse College, Spartan- 
burg, S. C, A.B.; Graduate work at N. C. State College and Uni- 
versity of North Carolina; University of Chicago, M.A.; Ph.D. 
Honorary L.H.D., Woman's College of University of North Caro- 
lina, 1948. Appointed Commissioner of the State Board of Public 
Welfare, June 1, 1944. Member American Sociological Society, 
American Public Welfare Association, National Conference of 
Social Work, North Carolina Conference for Social Service, North 
Carolina Mental Hygiene Society, American Association of Uni- 
versity Women, Raleigh Business and Professional Women's Club, 
Raleigh Woman's Club, and North Carolina Archaeological 
Society. President State Legislative Council, 1943-1944; Legisla- 
tive Chairman State Federation of Women's Clubs, 1943-1944. In- 
ternational Relations Chairman, N. C. Branch American Associa- 
tion of University Women, 1943-1946. Chairman Administrative 
Board of State Nutrition Committee, 1947-1948. President, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 387 

Conference for Social Service, 1948-1950. Member various Na- 
tional Committees of American Sociological Society. Head, Depart- 
ment of Sociology and Economics, Meredith College, 1940-1944. 
Consultant Federal Works Project Administration, 1939-1943. 
Consultant National Resources Planning Board, 1940-1943. Con- 
sultant United States Office of Education, 1942-1944. Member 
Consultant United States Office of Education, 1942-1944. Member 
Board of Directors, North Carolina Mental Hygiene Society, 
North Carolina Conference for Social Service, and Hospital for 
Treatment of Children Affected with Spastic Ailments. Chair- 
man North Carolina Board of Eugenics. Ex-officio Member N. C. 
Medical Care Commission, State Recreation Commission, State 
Commission for the Blind, and State Board cf Correction and 
Training. Member of Resource-Use Education Commission; Com- 
miisicn on Domestic Relations Statute; First Vice-Chairman, Na- 
tional Commission on Children and Youth. Vice-President, Amer- 
ican Public Welfare Association; Membei', Fact-finding Com- 
mittee, Midcentury White House Conference on Children and 
Youth; Member, Slum Clearance Advisory Committee, U. S. Hous- 
ing and Home Finance Agency; Chairman, Services to Individuals 
and Families, National Conference cf Social Work. Listed in 
"Biographical Directory of American Scholars," "Who's Who in 
the American Education," "Who's Who in the Western Hemis- 
phere," and "Who's Who in America." Co-author of "Seven Lean 
Years"; "The Plantation South, 1934-1937"; "Foundations of 
American Population Policy." Author of numerous articles dealing 
with social and economic problems. Formerly special technical 
editor National Econom.ic and Social Planning Association and 
for the Carnegie Corporation of New York. Presbyterian. Mar- 
lied Dr. Sanford Richard Winston. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



ROBERT WATSON WINSTON 

CHAIRMAN BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Robert Watson Winston, Democrat, was born in Oxford, N. C, 
December 17, 1891. Son of Robeit Watson and Sophronia (Hor- 
ner) Winston. Attended Horner Military School, 1906-1907-1908; 
University of North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 1912; University of 



388 North Carolina Manual 

Toulouse, Toulouse, France, 1919; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1913-1914. Representative from Wake County in the 
General Assembly of 1917. Graduate First Officer's Training 
Camp, Camp Warden McLean, August, 1917. Commissioner Cap- 
tain Field Artillery; stationed Fort Jackson, Columbia, S. C, 
August, 1917-July, 1918; Graduate School of Fire, Ft. Sill, Okla- 
homa, March 1918; Overseas' service July, 1918-July, 1919. Epis- 
copalian. Married Miss Helyn Britt, July, 1946. Three children: 
Mrs. H. K. Witherspoon; Charles McKimmon Winston; James 
Horner Winston. Address: 116 Hawthorne Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



HENRY ALTON WOOD 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, N. C. STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Henry Alton Wood, Democrat, was born in Lincolnton, N. C, 
September 7, 1904. Son of John Henry and Ella (Heavner) 
Wood. Attended Valle Crucis Industrial School; Lincolnton High 
School; A.B., University of North Carolina, 1927; University of 
North Carolina Graduate School, 1928-1931. Member, National 
Rehabilitation Association; N. C. Society Social Service; N. C. 
Society Crippled Children; Exceptional Child; I APES; American 
Association for the Blind; National Society for the Prevention of 
Blindness; Association of Rehabilitation Workers for the Blind, 
National President, 1949; Director, American Association Work- 
ers for the Blind, 1950. Secretary, States Council of Agencies for 
the Blind, 1948. Member, Raleigh Lions Club. Episcopalian. Mar- 
ried Miss Pauline Patton, June 17, 1933. One daughter: Polly 
Patton, age 14. Address: 2619 Grant Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 



NATHAN HUNTER YELTON 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY. TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(Elected by Board of Trustees) 

Nathan Hunter Yelton, Democrat, was born at Bakersville, 
N. C, April 5, 1901. Son of David and Sarah Jane (Deyton) Yel- 
ton. Attended Berea Academy, Ky., 1916-1918; Friendsville High 



Biographical Sketches 389 

School, (Tenn.) 1921-1922; Yancey Colle^ate Institute, Burnsville, 
N. C, 1922-1923; Maryville College, Tenn.. 1923-1924; Summer 
Schools, University of Tennessee; B.S., Vanderbilt University; 
George Peabody College, Nashville, Tenn., 1928; Graduate work at 
the University of North Carolina, 1930, and in School Adminis- 
tration, George Peabody, 1931. Member of Municipal Finance Of- 
ficers Association, U. S. and Canada; Southern Conference on 
Teacher Retirement; National Council on Teacher Retirement. 
President High School Principals Association, Western District, 
N.C.E.A., 1931; Western District, Superintendent's Association, 
N.C.E.A., 1934. Superintendent Mitchell County Schools, 1931- 
1937; State Director Public Assistance, 1937-1941; Executive Sec- 
retary, State School Commission, 1941-1942; Controller State 
Board of Education, 1942-1943; Director and Executive Secretary 
of the North Carolina Local Governmental Employees' Retirement 
System for cities and counties of North Carolina which began 
July 1, 1945. Immediate past president of Southern Conference 
Retirement Officials. Chairman Mitchell County Democratic Exec- 
utive Committee, 1933-1937; Delegate to 1936 National Democratic 
Convention in Philadelphia; Member State Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1933-1943; elected again in 1945 and at present a mem- 
ber of The State Democratic Executive Committee. Member 
Board of Directors National Council on Teacher Retirement and 
Chairman Legislative Committee. Immediate Past President South- 
ern Conference on Teacher Retirement. Pvt., Student Army 
Training Corps, 1918; Captain U. S. Army, December 19, 1943 
to October 7, 1945 with eighteen months overseas. Attached to 
British 11th Armored Division for eight months; participated in 
the invasion of Normandy, Northern France and Rhineland Cam- 
paigns. Attached to 3rd Army with headquarters in Munich in 
charge of Military Government Education program for Bavaria 
in the denazification of the German School System. Promoted to 
rank of Major and now holds this commission in the Officers Re- 
serve Corps. Mason, member Raleigh Lodge 500. Member Ameri- 
can Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Raleigh Lions Club. 
Presbyterian; Deacon. Married Miss Cerena Sue Polk on April 
16, 1922. One daughter, Natalie, Address: 113 Lake Boone Trail, 
Raleigh, N. C. 



Senator Willis Smith 



Bonner — First District 



Kerr — Second District 



Barden — Third District 



Cooley — Fourth District 



Chatham — Fifth District 



Durham — Sixth District 




UNITED STATES SENATORS 
CLYDE R. HOEY 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Clyde R. Hoey, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, December 
n, 1877. Son of Captain S. A. and Mary Charlotte Catherine 
Hoey. Attended Shelby High School, but left school and began 
work October 1, 1890, in a printing office. Purchased a newspaper 
and began editing and publiKhing same, August 1, 1894, and con- 
tinued in that capacity until January 1, 1908. In the meantime 
studied law and, after reaching twenty-one, was licensed to prac- 
tice in 1899, continuing to practice along- with the newspaper work 
until 1908, since then entire time has been given to the practice 
of law. Attended University of North Carolina Summer Law 
School, June-September, 1899. Lawyer. Member North Carolina 
Bar Association; the American Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar. Representative from Cleveland County in the General 
Assembly of 1899 and 1901; State Senator, 1903. Chairman, Cleve- 
land County Democratic Executive Committee, 1903-1909. Served 
on State Advisory Democratic Committee ten years. Assistant 
U. S. Attorney for Western District of North Carolina, July, 1913, 
to December, 1919. Member Congress, December, 1919, to March 
4. 1921. Served as Governor of North Carolina, January 7, 1937- 
January 9, 1941. LL.D., Davidson College, 1937; LL.D., University 
of North Carolina, 1938; LL.D., Duke University, 1938. Elected 
to the United States Senate in 1944 for a term of six years; re- 
elected in 1950 for another term of six years; member of Senate 
Committees on Agriculture, Finance and Expenditures in the Ex- 
ecutive Departments. Mason; Junior Order; Red Men; Woodmen 
of the World; Knights of Pythias; Odd Fellows. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Miss Bessie Gardner, March 22, 1900, who died Februaiy 13, 
1942. Children: Clyde R. Hoey, Jr., Charles A. Hoey, and Isabel 
Hoey Paul. Home address: Shelby, N. C. 



391 



392 North Carolina Manual 

WILLIS SMITH 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Willis Smith, Democrat, of Raleigh, North Carolina; Lawyer; 
born Norfolk, Va.; December 19, 1887. Son of Willis and Mary 
Shaw (Creecy) Smith; graduate Atlantic Collegiate Institute, 
Elizabeth City, N. C, 1905; A.B., Trinity College (now Duke 
University) 1910, law school, Duke University, 1912; Admitted to 
N. C. Bar, 1912; law firm. Smith, Leach & Anderson. U. S. Ai-my, 
Fortress Monroe, Va., July-November 1918. Inheritance tax attor- 
ney, N. C. 1915-1920; member N. C. House of Representatives, 
1927-1929-1931, (Speaker of House, 1931); chairman Democratic 
State Convention, 1940; delegate Democratic National Convention, 
Chicago, 1944. Member commission preparing rules for use Federal 
courts in North Carolina, 1933; member Federal Judicial confer- 
ence, 4th Circuit. Member Board of Trustees, Patrick Henry 
Memorial Foundation, National Probation Association; member 
American Bar Association. (General Council, 1935-36) ; state 
delegate, 1936-1939; board of governors, 1941-1944; president, 
1945-1946. Observer Nuremburg Trials, 1946; member N. C. State 
Bar Association, (President 1941-1942) ; W^ake County Bar Asso- 
ciation (president 1943-1944;) 7th Judicial District Bar Associa- 
tion, American Legislators Association, (member board managers, 
1932-1933) ; American Law Institute, American Counsel Associa- 
tion, American Judicature Society, International Association Ins. 
Counsel (President 1941-1943); American Legion; President's 
Amnesty Board (1947); Society of Forty & Eight; Sigma Phi 
Epsilon; Omicron Delta Kappa; Phi Delta Phi; Order of the Coif. 
Trustee Duke University (Chairman Board since 1947); Metho- 
dist. Clubs: Lawyers, Kiwanis, Carolina Country, University New 
York, Dunes. Elected to U. S. Senate November 7, 1950, and sworn 
in November 27, 1950. Married Anna Lee, April 30, 1919; chil- 
dren, Willis, Lee Creecy, Alton Battle, and Anna Lee. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 393 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

HERBERT COVINGTON BONNER 

(First District — Counties, Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Curri- 
tuck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perqui- 
mans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Washington. Population, 247,894.) 

Hei'bert Covington Bonner, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C, May 16, 1891. Son of Macon Herbert and Hannah Selby 
(Hare) Bonner. Attended Public and Private Schools, Washing- 
ton, N. C; Warrenton High School 1906-1909. Farmer. Sergeant 
Co. I, 322nd Infantry, 81st Division World War I. Attended Officers 
Training School, Longres, France, after Armistice. Commander 
Beaufort County Post 1922, and District Commander American 
Legion, N. C. Dept., 1940. Elected to Seventy-sixth Congress from 
the First Congressional District, November 1940, to succeed Lind- 
say C. Warren, resigned. Re-elected to Seventy-seventh, Seventy- 
eighth, Seventy-ninth, Eightieth, Eighty-first, and Eighty-second 
Congresses. Episcopalian. Mason, Shriner, Elk and Legionnaire. 
Married Mrs. Eva Hassell Hackney, August 2, 1924. Address: 
Washington, N. C. 

JOHN HOSEA KERR 

(Second District — Counties: Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Hali- 
fax, Lenoir, Northampton, Warren, and Wilson. Population, 306- 
904.) 

John Hosea Kerr, Democrat, of Warrenton, was born at Yancey- 
ville, N. C. Son of Captain John H. Kerr, of the Confederate 
Army, and Eliza Katherine (Yancey) Kerr. Was a student in 
Bingham School, Orange County, N. C, just prior to its removal 
to the City of Asheville. Graduated with A.B. Degree from Wake 
Forest College in 1895. Studied law at Wake Forest under Dr. 
Needham Y. Gulley and was of the first three law students to be 
admitted to the Bar fi'om this institution, and the only one of 
these thiee to practice law in the State of North Carolina. De- 
gree of Doctor of Law was bestowed by the Trustees of Wake 
Forest College, 1945. Elected Solicitor of what is now the Third 
Judicial District and served for eleven years. While Solicitor was 
elected Judge of the Superior Court of said District and served 



394 North Carolina Manual 

eight years. While serving' on the Bench was nominated for Con- 
gress to succeed Hon. Claude Kitchin, deceased. Was elected to the 
68th Congress of the United States at a Special Election held 
November 6, 1923, and re-elected to the 69th and each succeeding 
Congress. The ranking Democrat on the Committee on Appro- 
priations and the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Deficiencies 
and Army Civil Functions; Member Democratic House Steering 
Committee. In 1935, vi^as appointed by the President as one of a 
Special Congressional Committee composed of three Senators and 
six Representatives to investigate the eligibility for admission of 
the Hawaiian Islands into the Union as a State. In 1941, was ap- 
pointed by the Secretary of State as Chairman of the American 
Delegation to the International Congress of the Western Hemis- 
phere held in Mexico City. Married Miss Ella Foote, of Warren- 
ton, and two sons were born of this marriage, John Hosea, Jr., 
and James Yancey; (Mrs. Kerr died June 4, 1949). Home address: 
Warrenton, N. C. 

GRAHAM A. BARDEN 

(Third District — Counties: Carteret, Ci'aven, Duplin, Jones, 
Onslow, Pamlico, Pender, Sampson, and Wayne. Population, 308,- 
470.) 

Graham Arthur Barden, Democrat, was born in Sampson 
County, N. C, September 25, 1896. Son of James Jefferson and 
Mary Robinson (James) Barden. Attended Burgaw High School; 
University of North Carolina, LL.B. Degree. Attorney-at-law. 
Member of Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Sigma Chi Frater- 
nity. Member of Sudan Shrine; Doric Masonic Lodge; Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks; American Legion; Master of Doric 
Lodge 1928; Exalted Ruler of the Elks Lodge; Commander of 
the American Legion; Counsellor of the Junior Order. Served in 
the United States Navy during World War I. Judge of Craven 
County Court. Representative from Craven County to General 
Assembly 1933. Elected to the Seventy-fourth Congress, the Sev- 
enty-fifth Congress, the Seventy-sixth Congress, the Seventy-sev- 
enth Congress, the Seventy-eighth Congress, the Seventy-ninth 
Congress, the Eightieth Congress, the Eighty-first Congress and 
the Eighty-second Congress. Presbyterian; Deacon of First Pres- 



Biographical Sketches 396 

byterian Church, New Bern. Married Miss Agnes Foy; two chil- 
dren, Graham A., Jr., and Agnes F. Barden. Address: New Bern, 
N. C. 

HAROLD D. COOLEY 

(Fourth District — Counties: Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, 
Nash, Randolph, Vance, and Wake. Population, 401,913.) 

Harold Dunbar Cooley, Democrat, of Nashville, N. C, son of 
the late R. A. P. Cooley and Hattie Davis Cooley; born July 26, 
1897; attended the public schools of Nash County, the University 
of North Carolina, and the law school of Yale University; 
licensed to practice law in February, 1918; served in the Naval 
Aviation Flying Corps during World War I; presidential elector 
in 1932; President, Nash County Bar Association, 1933; member 
of Junior Order United American Mechanics, Phi Delta Theta 
fraternity, and Phi Delta Phi national law fraternity; member of 
Baptist Church; married Miss Madeline Strickland in 1923, and is 
father of two children — a son, Roger A. P. Cooley, 2nd, and a 
daughter, Hattie Davis Cooley. Elected to Seventy-third Congress, 
July 7, 1934; re-elected to the Seventy-foui'th Congress, Novem- 
ber 6, 1934, and to each succeeding Congress. Address: Nash- 
ville, N. C. 

THURMOND CHATHAM 

(Fifth District — Counties : Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, 
Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. Population, 355,088.) 

Thurmond Chatham, Democrat, was born at Elkin, N. C, August 
16, 1896. Son of Hugh Gwyn and Martha Lenoir (Thurmond) 
Chatham. Attended Woodberry Forest School, 1912-1915; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1915-1916; Yale University, 1916-1917; 
Honorary Degree, Doctor Textile Science, State College, 1941. 
Woolen Blanket Manufacturer; Chairman of Board, Chatham 
Manufacturing Company, Elkin. Member Forsyth County Com- 
missioners, 1924-1928; Board of Conservation and Development, 
1936-1940. Trustee University of North Carolina. Former Presi- 
dent, N. C. Dairymans Association and N. C. Guernsey Breeders 



396 North Carolina Manual 

Association. Seaman 2nd Class, U. S. Navy, 1917; Ensign (T), 
1918-1919; Commander, 1942-1946. Service in Atlantic and Pacific, 
1943-1944 on U.S.S. Phoenix. Awarded Bronze Star for combat 
operations; Secretary Navy Commendation Medal. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Miss Lucy Hodgin Hanes, October 29, 1919 who died in 1949. 
Remarried Mrs. Patricia Firestone Coyner November 1950. Two 
sons: Hugh Gwynn Chatham and Richard Thurmond Chatham, 
Jr. Address: 112 Stratford Road, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

CARL T. DURHAM 

(Sixth District — Counties: Alamance, Durham, Guilford and 
Orange. Population, 398,351.) 

Carl Thomas Durham, Democrat, was born at White Cross, Bing- 
ham Township, Orange County, N. C, August 28, 1892. Son of 
Claude P. and Delia Ann (Lloyd) Durham. Attended White Cross 
Graded School 1898 to 1908; Mandale High School 1909, 1910, 1911 
and 1912; University of North Carolina School of Pharmacy 1916 
and 1917. Pharmacist. Member N.C.P.A.; vice-president N.C.P.A. 
Member Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen 1922 to 1927; Chapel Hill 
School Board 1927 to 1938; Orange County Board of Commis- 
sioners 1933 to December 1, 1938. Elected to the 76th Congress, 
77th Congress, 78th Congress, 79th Congress, 80th Congress, 81st 
Congress and 82nd Congress. Third ranking member of the Armed 
Services Committee and Vice-Chairman of the Joint Committee on 
Atomic Energy. Married Miss Margaret Joe Whitsett, December 
30, 1919. Five children: Mrs. Gregg Murray, Margaret, Eulalia 
Ann, Carl T., Jr., and Mrs. Sue D. Sessler. Address: Chapel Hill, 
N. C. 



FRANK ERTEL CARLYLE 

(Seventh District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, 
Cumberland, Harnett, New Hanover and Robeson. Population, 
394,214.) 

Frank Ertel Carlyle, Democrat, of Lumberton, N. C; lawyer; 
born in Lumberton, N. C, April 7, 1897, son of William W. and 
Lillian 0. Carlyle; educated in the public schools of Robeson Coun- 



Senator Clyde R. Hoey 



Carlyle — Seventh District 



Deane — Eighth District 



Doughton — Ninth District 



Jones — Tenth District 



Jones — Eleventh District 



Redden — Twelfth District 




398 North Carolina Manual 

ty, Wilson Memorial Academy, Nyack, N. Y., and the University 
of North Carolina; licensed to practice law in January 1921; mar- 
ried Lois Godwin Caldwell, daughter of Luther H. and Nora G. 
Caldwell, May 19, 1927. One daughter, Lois Godwin Carlyle, 18 
years of age, now a student at Ward-Belmont, Nashville, Tennes- 
see. Served in the United States Navy during World War I; for- 
mer member Robeson County Board of Elections; former chair- 
man Robeson County Democratic Executive Committee; former 
president 9th Judicial District Bar Association; past president 
Lumberton Rotary Club; member of the American Legion for 
moie than 25 years, and past commander of Lumberton Post; Bap- 
tist; 32nd degree Mason, Shriner; Phi Delta Theta Fraternity; 
elected Solicitor 9th Judicial District of North Carolina in 1938, 
and re-elected in 1942 and 1946; elected to the 81st Congress No- 
vember 1948; re-elected to the 82nd Congress November 1950; 
member of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. 

CHARLES BENNETT DEANE 

(Eighth District — Counties: Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, 
Lee, Montgomery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes, and 
Yadkin. Population, 369,455.) 

Charles Bennett Deane, Democrat, of Rockingham, N. C, was 
born in Anson County. Son of John Leaird and Florence Mae 
(Boyette) Dean, Graduated from Trinity Park School, Durham, 
1920; LL.B. Degree, Wake Forest College, 1923. Licensed as at- 
torney, February, 1923. Register of Deeds of Richmond County, 
1926-1934. Compiler, U. S. Congressional Directory, 1933-1936. At- 
torney and Consultant, Wage and Hour Division, Washington, 
D. C, 1939-1940. Owner General Insurance Agency, Rockingham, 
N. C. Elected to the 80th, 81st, and 82nd U. S. Congresses. Bap- 
tist; Recording Secretary, North Carolina Baptist State Conven- 
tion, 1932-1951. Married Miss Agnes Walker Cree, October 15, 
1927. Children: Betty Cree Deane; Agnes Carol Deane; Charles 
B. Deane, Jr. Address: Rockingham, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 399 

ROBERT LEE DOUGHTON 

(Ninth District — Counties: Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabar- 
rus, Caldwell, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly, and Watauga. Population, 
338,907.) 

Robert L. Doughton, Democrat, Laurel Springs, was born at 
Laurel Springs, November 7, 1863. Educated in the public schools 
and at Laurel Springs and Sparta High Schools. Farmer and 
stock raiser. Appointed a member of the Board of Agriculture in 
1903. Elected to the State Senate from the Thirty-fifth District 
in 1908. Served as director of the State Prison from 1909 to 1911. 
Elected to the Sixty-second, Sixty-third, Sixty-fourth, Sixty-fifth, 
Sixty-sixth, Sixty-seventh, Sixty-eighth, Sixty-ninth, Seventieth, 
Seventy-first, Seventy-second, Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, Sev- 
enty-fifth, Seventy-sixth, Seventy-seventh, Seventy-eighth, Sev- 
enty-ninth, Eightieth, Eighty-first and Eighty-second Congresses 
by large majorities. Chairman of the Committee on Ways and 
Means Seventy-third to Seventy-ninth Congresses, inclusive. Re- 
elected Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means, Eighty- 
first Congress. Has held this position longer than any other man 
in the history of the Government. Alternating chairman, Joint 
Congressional Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation. 



HAMILTON CHAMBERLAIN JONES 

(Tenth District — Counties: Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, 
Mecklenburg and Mitchell. Population, 360,318.) 

Hamilton Chamberlain Jones, Democrat, of Charlotte, N. C, 
was born in Charlotte, N. C. Son of Hamilton Chamberlain, Jr. 
and Sophia Convere (Myers) Jones. Attended Charlotte Gram- 
mar School; Central High School, Washington, D. C; Homers 
Military School, Oxford, N. C; A.B., Elective Law, University of 
North Carolina; M.A., Elective Law, Columbia University, New 
York City. Attorney at Law. Member of the American Bar Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina Bar Association; Chairman of Executive 
Committee, North Carolina Bar Association, 1936; President, 1940. 
Member of North Caiolina State Bar; Mecklenburg Bar Associa- 
tion, President, 1932. Recorder of City of Charlotte; Juvenile 
Court Judge; United States Assistant District Attorney of West- 



400 North Carolina Manual 

ern District of North Carolina, 1919-1921. Chairman of Demo- 
cratic Party of Mecklenburg County for fourteen years. State 
Senator, State of North Carolina. Presented portrait of former 
Chief Justice W. A. Hoke to Supreme Court of North Carolina 
with accompanying address which is filed in the office of the Clerk 
of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. Member and President, 
Charlotte Rotary Club; Vice-Chairman, Charlotte Chamber of 
Commerce; member of the Executives Club; Member and Vice- 
Chairman of the Board of the Charlotte Memorial Hospital Au- 
thority; Chairman, Executive Committee of Thompson Orphanage 
and Training School. Member of Blue Lodge Masonry; Thirty- 
second Degree Mason; Oasis Temple of Shrine; Charlotte Red 
Fez Club; Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks; Knights of 
Pythias; SAE Fraternity, University of North Carolina and Co- 
lumbia University; member of the Gimghoul, University of North 
Carolina. Episcopalian; Senior Warden, Junior Warden, member 
of Vestry, Superintendent of Sunday School. Elected to Eightieth 
Congress on November 5, 1946, re-elected to Eighty-first Congress 
and to Eighty-second Congress. Married Miss Bessie Smedes Er- 
win, October 23, 1915. Three children: William Erwin Jones, Mrs, 
Elizabeth Jones Boehmer; Mrs. Alice Jones Noble. Addi-ess: 201 
Cherokee Road, Charlotte, N. C. 



WOODROW WILSON JONES 

(Eleventh District — Counties: Cleveland, Gaston, Madison, Mc- 
Dowell, Polk, Rutherford, and Yancey. Population, 295,724.) 

Woodrow Wilson Jones, Democrat, was born near Rutherford- 
ton, N. C, January 26, 1914. Son of Bernard Bartlett and Carl 
Jane (Nanney) Jones. Attended Forest City and Gilkey, N. C. 
Grammar Schools, 1921-1928; Kilkey High School, 1928-1930; 
Rutherfordton-Spindale High School, 1930-1932; Mars Hill College, 
Mars Hill, N. C, 1932-1934; Wake Forest College Law School, 
1934-1937, LL.B. Degree. Attorney. Member of the North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; Rutherford County Bar Association, Presi- 
dent, 1943; 18th Judicial District Bar Association; Rutherfordton 
Kiwanis Club; President, 1943, Director, 1947; Rutherfordton 
Junior Chamber of Commerce. City Attorney for Rutherfordton, 
N. C, 1941-1943; Solicitor, Rutherford County Recorder's Court, 



Biographical Sketches 401 

1941-1944. Representative from Rutherford County in the General 
Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Elected to the Eig:hty-first Congress, 
November 7, 1950 to fill out the unexpired term of Honorable A. L. 
Bulwinkle, deceased. Elected to the Eighty-second Congress, No- 
vember 7, 1950; member Committee on the Judiciary. Baptist; 
Teacher, Baracca Sunday School Class, 1940-1944; Deacon; 
Teacher, Young Men's Sunday School Class. Lieutenant (jg) 
United States Naval Reserve; active duty, 1944-1946. Married 
Miss Rachel Elizabeth Phelps of Lillington, November 21, 1936. 
Two children: Woodrow Wilson Jones, Jr., age 10 years; Michael 
Anthony Jones, age 8 years. Address: Rutherfordton, N. C. 



MONROE MINOR REDDEN 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Gra- 
ham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain, and Transyl- 
vania. Population, 284,691.) 

Monroe Minor Redden of Henderson County, was born in Hen- 
dersonville, N. C, September 24, 1901. Son of John L. and Julia 
(Trimble) Redden. Attended the public schools of the county; 
graduated from Fruitland Institute, 1919; attended Law School, 
Wake Forest College; admitted to the Bar, 1923. Chairman, Hen- 
derson County Democratic Committee, 1930-1946; Chairman, State 
Democratic Executive Committee of North Carolina, February, 
1942-August, 1944; elected to Eightieth Congress, November 5, 
1946, receiving largest total vote and largest majority of any con- 
gressional candidate in the State; re-elected to Eighty-first Con- 
gress November 2, 1948; re-elected to Eighty-second Congress No- 
vember 7, 1950. Married Miss Mary Belle Boyd, 1923. Two sons, 
Monroe, Jr., and Robert M. Home address: Hendersonville, N. C. 



JUSTICES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA 
SUPREME COURT 

WALTER PARKER STACY 

CHIEF JUSTICE 

Walter Parker Stacy, Democrat, born in Ansonville, N. C, De- 
cember 26, 1884; son of Rev. L. E. and Rosa (Johnson) Stacy; 
educated Weaverville (N. C.) College 1895-1898; Morven (N. C.) 
High School 1899-1902; University of North Carolina, A.B. 1908; 
attended Law School, same, 1908-1909, LL.D. (Hon.) 1923; mar- 
ried Maude DeGan Graff, of Lake Placid Club, N. Y., June 15, 
1929 (since deceased) ; practiced law in partnership with Graham 
Kenan 1910-1916. Represented New Hanover County in General 
Assembly of N. C. 1915; Judge Superior Court, 8th Judicial Dis- 
trict 1916-1920; elected, 1920, Associate Justice Supreme Court of 
North Carolina for full term; appointed by Governor A. W. Mc- 
Lean, March 16, 1925, to succeed Chief Justice Hoke (resigned) 
and in 1926, in 1934, in 1942, and again in 1950, nominated with- 
out opposition in primary and elected Chief Justice Supreme Court 
for 8-year terms; member American and North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciations. General Alumni Association University of North Carolina 
(president 1925-1926) ; lecturer summers 1922-1925 inclusive, in 
Law School University of North Carolina, tendered deanship of 
same 1923; lecturer Northwestern University School of Law, sum- 
mer sessions 1926-1927; named by U. S. Board of Mediation, un- 
der Railway Labor Act, as neutral arbitrator to serve on Board of 
Arbitration (six members), and later elected chairman of board 
to settle wage controversy between the Brotherhood of Locomotive 
En^^ineers and certain railroads in southeastern territory of United 
States 1927-1928; appointed by President Coolidge, 1928, member 
of Emergency Board of five, under Railway Labor Act, to inves- 
tigate and report respecting a dispute between officers and mem- 
bers of the Order of Railway Conductors and Brotherhood of Rail- 
way Trainmen, and certain railroads located west of the Missis- 
sippi River; named by U. S. Board of Mediation, January 1931, 
to serve as neutral arbitrator in controversy between Brotherhood 
of Railrcad Trainmen and New York Central, the "Big Four" 
and P. and L. E. railroads, and again in November 1931 to serve 

402 



Biographical Sketches 403 

as neutral arbitrator in controversy between Brotherhood of Rail- 
way and Steamship Clerks, etc., and Railway Express Ae^ency. 
Appointed by President Hoover 1932, member of Emergency Board 
of three, later elected chairman of Board, to investigate and report 
concerning a number of questions in difference between L. and A. 
and L. A. and T. railways and certain of their employees. Chair- 
man Commission appointed to redraft Constitution of North Caro- 
lina 1931-1932. Appointed by President Roosevelt in 1933, in 1934 
and again in 1938 to Emergency Boards under Railway Labor Act. 
Appointed by President Roosevelt 1934, Chairman National Steel 
and Textile Labor Relations boards; and again in 1941 as an Alter- 
nate Member of the National Defense Mediation Board; and in 
1942 as an Associate Member of the National War Labor Board 
and also as a Member of the National Railway Labor Panel ; and 
again in 1944 as Chairman of President's Committee on Racial 
Discrimination in Railroad Employment. Appointed by President 
Truman, 1945, Chairman of the President's National Labor-Man- 
agement Conference; also member of President's General Motors 
Fact-Finding Board. Methodist. Residence: Wilmington, N. C. 
Office: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM AUGUSTUS DEVIN 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

William Augustus Devin, Democrat, was born in Granville 
County, July 12, 1871. Son of Robert Ira and Mary (Transou) 
Devin. Attended Horner Military School 1883-1887; Wake Forest 
College; University of North Carolina Law School 1892-1893. 
Member North Carolina Bar Association. Member American Bar 
Association. Mayor Oxford 1903-1909. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly 1911 and 1913. Member Constitutional Amendments 
Commission 1913; Judge Superior Court 1913-1935; appointed 
Associate Justice Supreme Court by Governor Ehringhaus, Octo- 
ber 1935, succeeding Associate Justice W. J. Brogden; elected for 
eight-year term, November 3, 1936, re-elected November 7, 1944. 
Honorary degree LL.D. conferred by the University of North 
Carolina. Member N. C. National Guard; Captain 1901-1907; 
member staff of Governor Craig with rank of Major. Mason. Bap- 
tist. Teacher Bible Class since 1915. Author of addresses on legal 



Chief Justice Stacey 



Justice Devin 



Justice Barnhill 



Justice Winborne 



Justice Denny 



Justice Ervin 



Justice Johnson 




Biographical Sketches 40i5 

and historical subjects. Chairman Judicial Council. Married Miss 
Virginia Bernard, November 29, 1899. One son, William A. Devin, 
Jr., Washington, D. C. Home address: Oxford, N. C. Office: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

MAURICE VICTOR BARNHILL 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Maurice Victor Barnhill, Democrat, was born in Halifax County, 
December 5, 1887. Son of Martin V. and Mary (Dawes) Barn- 
hill. Attended public schools of Halifax County; Enfield Graded 
School; Elm City Academy; University of North Carolina Law 
School 1907-09. Member North Carolina Bar Association. Prose- 
cuting Attorney, Nash County Coui't, April 1914; member Legis- 
lature (House) 1921; Judge Nash County Court, April 1923; for- 
mer Chairman Nash County Highway Commission and Board of 
Tiustees Rocky Mount Graded School District. Judge Superior 
Court, June 1924. Appointed by Governor Clyde R. Hoey, July 1, 
1937, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina 
and elected for term of eight years November 8, 1938; re-elected 
November 1946. Member Phi Dela Phi Legal Fraternity; Mason 
and Shriner. Married Miss Nannie Rebecca Cooper, June 5, 1912. 
Two children: M. V. Barnhill, Jr.; Rebecca Barnhill. Methodist. 
Address: Rocky Mount, N. C. 



JOHN WALLACE WINBORNE 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

John Wallace Winborne was born in Chowan County, N. C, 
July 12, 1884. Son of Dr. Robert H. and Annie F. (Parker) Win- 
borne. Attended Horner Military School, Oxford, 1900-1902; A.B., 
University of North Carolina, 1906; LL.D., University of North 
Cai-olina, 1946. Married twice: first to Charlie May Blanton, 
March 30, 1910 who died November 4, 1940. Two them two children 
were born: daughter, Charlotte Blanton now Mrs. Charles M. 
Shaffer, Greensboro, N. C, and a son, John Wallace, Jr., of North- 
ampton, Mass., Second marriage to Mrs. Lalage Oates Rorison, 
June 14, 1947. Taught Bingham Military School, Asheville, N. C, 



406 North Carolina Manual 

1906-1907. Admitted to practice, North Carolina, 1906. Practiced, 
Marion, N. C, since 1907. Member firm of Pless and Winborne, 
1907-1919; Pless, Winborne and Pless, 1919-1926; Pless, Winborne, 
Pless and Proctor, 1926-1927; Winborne and Proctor, 1928-1937. 
Member, Board of Aldermen, 1913-1921; Attorney, Marion and 
McDowell County, 1918-1937. Member Local Selective Board dur- 
ing World War I. Chairman Democratic Executive Committee, Mc- 
Dowell County, 1910-1912; member State Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1916-1937; Chairman, State Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1932-1937. Member Local Government Commission of 
North Carolina, 1931-1933. Delta Kappa Epsilon; Mason; Grand- 
master of Masons of North Carolina, 1931; Executive Club of Ra- 
leigh; Honorary member of North Carolina Society of the Cincin- 
nati; Marion Kiwanis Club (president, 1932). Appointed by Gov- 
ernor Hoey Associate Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina, 
July 1, 1937; elected for a term of eight years in November, 1938; 
re-elected for a term of eight years in November, 1946. Home ad- 
dress: Marion, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



EMERY B. DENNY 

associate justice 

Emery Byrd Denny was born in Surry County, North Carolina, 
November 23, 1892. Son of Rev. Gabriel and Sarah Delphina 
(Stone) Denny. Attended public schools of Surry County, Gilliam 
Academy, 1910-1914; University of North Carolina, 1916-1917 and 
1919. Honorary degree of LL.D. conferred by the University of 
North Carolina in 1946, and by Wake Forest College in 1947. Ad- 
mitted to practice law, 1919. Member law firm of Denny & Gas- 
ton, 1919-1921, Mangum & Denny, 1921-1930, practiced alone 1930- 
1942. Attorney for Gaston County, 1927-1942, and North Caro- 
lina Railroad, 1937-1938; Mayor of Gastonia 1929-1937. Private, 
corporal, sergeant and master electrician in aviation section. Sig- 
nal Corps, World War I. President, Gastonia Chamber of Com- 
merce, 1925; Chairman, Gaston County Board of Elections, 1924- 
1926; Chairman, Gaston County Democratic Executive Committee, 
1926-1928; Chairman, State Democratic Executive Committee, 
1940-1942. President and director Ranlo Manufacturing Company, 
1936-1941; Trustee, University of North Carolina, 1941-1943; 



Biographical Sketches 407 

Chairman, Board of Trustees of Gaston County Public Library, 
1935-1942; Chairman, Board of Trustees of Garrison Memorial 
Hospital, 1934-1939; and special counsel for the Governor during 
the General Assembly of 1941. Member American Legion; Phi 
Delta Phi; Holland Memorial Lodge No. 668, A. F. & A. M.; Gas- 
tonia Chapter No. 66, Royal Arch Masons; Gastonia Commandery 
No. 28, Knizhts Templar and St. Titus Conclave No. 72, Red Cross 
of Constantine. Grand Steward and Grand Historian of the Grand 
Lodge of North Carolina. Baptist. Trustee, North Carolina Bap- 
tist Hospital, Winston-Salem, N. C; Trustee and member of Ex- 
ecutive Committee of the Southeastern Baptist Theological Semi- 
nary, Wake Forest, N. C. Appointed Associate Justice Supreme 
Court of North Carolina, by Governor Broughton, February 3, 
1942, to succeed the late Associate Justice Heriot Clarkson. Elected 
to fill out the unexpired term and for a full eight-year term, No- 
vember 3, 1942; re-elected for a term of eight years November 7, 
1950. Married Bessie Brandt Brown, Salisbury, N. C, December 
7, 1922. Children: Emery B., Jr., Betty Brown, Sarah Catherine 
and Jean Stone. Address, Raleigh, N. C. Home address, Gas- 
tonia, N. C. 



SAM J. ERVIN, JR. 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr., son of Samuel James and Laura (Powe) 
Ervin, was born at Morganton, N. C, September 27, 1896; grad- 
uated from the University of North Carolina with A.B. degree 
in 1917, and from Harvard Law School with LL.B. degree in 1922; 
served in France with the First Division for 18 month? in the First 
World War; twice wounded in battle, twice cited for gallantry 
in action, and awarded the French Fourragere, the Purple Heart 
with one Oakleaf Cluster, the Silver Star, and the Distin<2,uished 
Service Cross; admitted to the North Carolina bar in 1919 and 
subsequently licensed to practice before various Federal agencies 
and courts, including the Supreme Court of the United States; 
engaged in practice of law at Morganton since 1922 with excep- 
tion of periods of service on bench; has served in the following 
capacities, namely: Representative from Burke County in Gen- 
eral Assemblies of 1923, 1925, and 1931; Chairman, Burke County 



408 North Carolina Manual 

Democratic Executive Committee, 1924; Trustee, Morganton 
Graded Schools, 1927-1930; Member State Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1930-1937; Trustee University of North Carolina, 1932- 
1935, 1945-1946; Judge, Burke County Criminal Court, 1935-1937; 
Judge, North Carolina Superior Court, 1937-1943, resigning to 
resume practice of law; Member State Board of Law Examiners, 
1944-1946; Member, North Carolina Hospital and Medical Care 
Commission, 1944; Government Appeal Agent, Burke County 
Service Board No. 2, and Chairman, Burke County Labor Mobili- 
zation Board, Second World War; Representative from Tenth 
North Carolina District in 79th Congress, 1946-1947, declining to 
seek renomination to resume practice of law; Chairman, North 
Carolina Commission for Improvement of Administration of Jus- 
tice, 1947-1949; Trustee, Davidson College, 1948-1950; Associate 
Justice, State Supreme Court, since February 3, 1948, having been 
originally appointed to such office by Governor Cherry and having 
been subsequently elected thereto in November, 1948 and Novem- 
ber 1950. Member of the following organizations: North Carolina 
Bar Association, North Carolina State Bar, American Bar Asso- 
ciation, Association of Interstate Commerce Commission Practi- 
tioners, American Judicature Society, General Alumni Association 
of University of North Carolina (president, 1947-1948), American 
Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Disabled American Veterans, 
Society of the First Division, Army and Navy Legion of Valor, 
Morganton Kiwanis Club, Morganton Chamber of Commerce, State 
Literary and Historical Association, Southern Historical Associa- 
tion, American Historical Association, Society of Mayflower Des- 
cendants, Sigma Upsilon, Phi Delta Phi, Junior Order, Knights of 
Pythias, Dokies, Knights Templar, Scottish Rite Masons (32nd 
degree), Morganton Presbyterian Church (elder); married Mar- 
garet Bruce Bell, of Concord, N. C, June 18, 1924; three children: 
Sam J. Ervin, 3rd, Margaret Leslie Ervin, and Laura Powe Ervin. 
Home: Moi-ganton, N. C. Office: Raleigh, N. C. 



JEFFERSON DEEMS JOHNSON, JR. 

associate justice 

Jefferson Deems Johnson, Jr., Democrat, was born in Garland, 
N. C, June 6, 1900. Son of Jefferson Deems and Mary Lily 



Biographical Sketches 409 

(Wright) Johnson. Attended Trinity Park School, Durham, N. C, 
1917-1918; A.B., Trinity College, 1923; graduated from Duke Uni- 
versity Law School, 1926. Entered practice of law in Clinton, fall 
of 1926. Appointed Special Superior Court Judge by Governor 
J. M. Broughton, 1941; reappointed in 1943, serving until June 
1945. Resumed practice of law in Clinton. Was nominated by 
Democratic Executive Committee and elected in November 1950 
to fill out unexpired term of Justice A. A. F. Seawell, deceased, of 
the Supreme Court of North Carolina. Member American Bar 
Association; North Carolina Bar Association. Town Attorney of 
Clinton, 1928-1941. State Senator from the Ninth Senatorial Dis- 
trict in the General Assemblies of 1937 and 1941. Member of the 
Commission on Recodification of statute law of the State, 1941- 
1943. Member, Sigma Chi and Omicron Delta Kappa Fraternities. 
Private in World War I. Past Commander of the Clinton Post of 
the American Legion. Methodist; member of Official Board Clin- 
ton Methodist Church, former Chairman. Married Miss Frances 
Faison, August 17, 1935. Children: Frances, age thirteen; Mary 
Lily, age eleven; Jeff D., Ill, age nine. Address: Clinton, N. C. 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

SENATORS 

HOYT PATRICK TAYLOR 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR AND PRESIDENT OF SENATE 

Hoyt Patrick Taylor, Dernocrat, was born at Winton, N. C, 
June 11, 1890. Son of Simeon P. and Kate (Ward) Taylor. At- 
tended Winton High School and Academy; Horner Military 
School; Wake Forest College. Lawyer. Vice-President and Direc- 
tor of Anson Sanatorium and Carolina Concrete Pipe Company. 
Director of Anson Telephone and Telegraph Company, Anson 
Building and Loan Association, Anson Real Estate and Insurance 
Co., Hornwood Warp Knitting Company and Wadesboro Electric 
Service Company. Chairman of Board of Trustees of Meredith 
College. Former Mayor of Wadesboro, Chairman of Anson County 
Democratic Executive Committee, and Member Board of Trustees 
of the University of North Carolina. Served overseas with 371st 
Infantry in World War I, and awarded Silver Star and Purple 
Heart Decorations, and personal citation by General Pershing. 
State Senator from the Nineteenth Senatorial District in the Gen- 
eral Assemblies of 1937, 1939 and 1943, and the Special Sessions 
of 1936 and 1938. Legislative Assistant to the Governor, General 
Assembly of 1945. Chairman of Finance Committee of the Senate 
in 1939, and Chairman of Appropriations Committee in 1943. 
Member of Advisory Budget Commission and Division of Purchase 
and Contract 1939, 1940 and 1943, 1944. Elected Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor November 4, 1948. Elected Chairman State Board of Educa- 
tion 1949. Charter Member Anson County Post No. 31 American 
Legion. Member Wadesboro Rotary and Executives Clubs. Mem- 
ber of Woodmen of the World, and Mason, Carolina Consistory, 
and Oasis Temple of the Shrine. Baptist. Married Miss Inez 
Wooten of Chadbourn, N. C, June 28, 1923. Three children: Hoyt 
Patrick Taylor, Jr.; Carolina Corbett Taylor; and Frank Wooten 
Taylor. Address: Wadesboro, N. C. 



410 



Hoyt P. Taylor 

Lieutenant Governor 

President of the Senate 



Allsbrook of Halifax 
Bailey of Wake 
Banks of Yancey 



Barnhardt of Cabarrus 
Bell of Chatham 

Burgwyn of Northampton 



Campen of Pamlico 
Carlyle of Forsyth 

Carruthers of Guilford 



Copeland of Hertford 
Dearman of Iredell 

Dorsett of Montgomery 



Eagles of Wilson 
Eller of Wilkes 

Fountain of Edgecombe 




412 North Carolina Manual 

JULIAN RUSSELL ALLSBROOK 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two 
Senators.) 

Julian Russell Allsbrook, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Roanoke Rapids, N. C, Februai-y 
17, 1903. Son of William Clemens and Bennie Alice (Waller) 
Allsbrook. Graduated from Roanoke Rapids Public Schools in 1920; 
attended University of North Carolina 1920-1924; President stu- 
dent body 1923-1924; permanent Vice-President Class of 1924; 
University Law School, 1922-1924. Lawyer. Member Halifax Coun- 
ty Bar Association. Presidential Elector from Second Congrres- 
sional District, 1936. Former member Board of Trustees Roanoke 
Rapids School District; Board of City Commissioners of Roanoke 
Rapids for one term. Senator from the Fourth Senatorial District 
in the General Assembly of 1935, 1947 and 1949. Representative 
from Halifax County in General Assembly of 1941. Democratic 
nominee to State Senate (1942) Primary. Resigned to enter U. S. 
Naval Reserve as Lieutenant (1942) and served until placed on 
Inactive Duty (1945). Lieutenant-Commander U. S. Naval Re- 
serve. Member, The American Legion. Phi Alpha Delta Law Fra- 
ternity. College honors: Golden Fleece, Order of the Grail, Tau 
Kappa Alpha Debating Fraternity. Mason; Widow's Son Lodge 
No. 519. Woodmen of the World. Member Roanoke Rapids Ki- 
wanis Club. Director, The Medical Foundation of North Carolina. 
Inc.; Trustee, North Carolina Symphony, Inc.; Secretary, State- 
Municipal Road Commission; Trustee, Chowan College, Murfrees- 
boro, N. C. Baptist. Married Miss Frances Virginia Brown of 
Garysburg, N. C, June 24, 1926. Children: Richard Brown, Mary 
Frances and Alice Harris. Address: Roanoke Rapids, N. C. 

JAMES H. POU BAILEY 

(Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senatox's.) 

James H. Pou Bailey, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Baltimore, Md. Son of Josiah W. 
and Edith (Pou) Bailey. Attended Hugh Morson High School, 
1929-1930; Woodberry Forest School, 1930-1935; University of 



Biographical Sketches 413 

North Carolina, 1941; A.B. and LL.B. Attorney at Law. Member 
of Wake County Bar Association, Executive Committee, 1949-1950; 
N. C. Bar Association; 7th District Bar Association. Member 
Alpha Tau Omega College Fraternity, Secretary, 1938, President, 
1939 and 1940. Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 
1941. Served as Private, World War II, January 9, 1942-July 
1042; Corporal, July 1942-October, 1942; served overseas in Euro- 
pean Theater nineteen months as Field Artillery Officer. Released 
to Reserve, January 15, 1946 as Captain Field Artillery; presently 
Military Intelligence Reserve, rank of Captain. Presbyterian. Mar- 
ried Miss Marie Fiquet Pate, August 1, 1945. Two children: 
James H. Pou Bailey, Jr., and Edwin Pate Bailey. Address: 513 
N. Blount St., Raleigh, N. C. 



DONALD BANKS 

(Thirtieth District — Counties: Avery, Madison, Mitchell, and 
Yancey. One Senator.) 

Donald Banks, Republican, Senator from the Thirtieth Sena- 
torial District was born in Burnsville, June 6, 1916. Son of T. D. 
and Bertha (Ledford) Banks. Graduated from Bald Creek High 
School, 1933. Lumberman and farmer. Member Burnsville Men's 
Club. Mason, Bald Creek Blue Lodge No. 398. Shriner, Oasis 
Temple A. A. 0. N. M. S. of Charlotte. Sheriff of Yancey County, 
1938-1942 being the youngest Sheriff in the United States at age 
22. Baptist. Married Miss Pauline Maney, January 10, 1937. Two 
sons: Donald Kermit, age 10; Robert Kenneth, age 1. Address: 
Rt. 1, Burnsville, N. C. 



LUTHER ERNEST BARNHARDT 

(Twenty-first District — Counties: Rowan and Cabarrus. Two 
Senators.) 

Luther Ernest Barnhardt, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
first Senatorial District, was born at Concord, N. C, November 
29, 1903. Son of George Thomas and Lillie Virginia (Faggart) 
Barnhardt. Graduated from Concord High School, May, 1921; 
LL.B. Wake Forest College, May, 1925. Lawyer. Member Cabar- 



414 North Carolina Manual 

rus County Bar Association, President, 1942; member State Bar 
and American Bar Associations. Chairman Cabarrus County 
Beard of Elections, 1933-1944. Pi Kappa Alpha (Wake Forest 
College) National Fraternity; Charter member Golden Bough; Sec- 
retary Student Body. Member Rotary International. Trustee Con- 
cord Community Center, 1940-1941; Trustee Public Library 1943. 
Member General Statutes Commission; Secretary and Dii'ector 
Concord Chamber of Commerce; National Counsellor, U. S. Cham- 
ber of Commerce; Vice-President and Director Concord Com- 
munity Boys' Club, Inc. State Senator in the General Assembly, 
1945, 1947, and 1949. Methodist; Member Board of Stewards; 
Teacher Adult Bible Class. Married Miss Burvelle McFarland, June 
3, 1930. Four children: Luther Ernest, Jr.; Phoebe Jean; John 
McFarland; Ann Drucilla Barnhardt. Address: Concord, N. C. 

DANIEL LONG BELL 

(Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

Daniel Long Bell, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Enfield, N. C, April 15, 1894. Son of 
David and Lila (McLin) Bell. Attended Trinity Park School, 1910- 
1911; University of North Carolina; A.B., 1915; LL.B., 1917. 
Lawyer. Town Commissioner and Secretary-Treasurer, Pittsboro, 
1919-1926. Judge, County Criminal Court of Chatham County, 
1929-1942. State Rationing Officer, Office Price Administration, 
1942-1943; Chief Hearing Commissioner, Region Four, Office Price 
Administration, 1943-1946. Mason. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1927. Regimental Sergeant-Major, 316th Field Ar- 
tillery, 1917-1918; Second Lieutenant, 25th Field Artillery, 1918- 
1919. Episcopalian. Married Miss Alice Peoples, April 6, 1920. 
Three children: Mrs. Alice Bell Sebrell; Betty McLin Bell, and 
Daniel L. Bell, Jr. Two grandchildren. Address: Pittsboro, N. C. 

WILLIAM HYSLOP SUMNER BURGWYN, JR. 

(Third District — Counties: Northampton, Vance, and Warren. 
One Senator.) 

William Hyslop Sumner Burgwyn, Jr., Democrat, Senator from 
the Third Senatorial District, was born in Woodland, N. C, July 



Biographical Sketches 41S 

21, 1916. Son of William Hyslop Sumner and Josephine (Griffin) 
Burgwyn. Attended North Carolina Public Schools, 1922-1933; 
Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1933-1935; Guilford College, 1935; 
Wake Forest College, 1937-1942; LL.B. Degree, Wake Forest Col- 
lege Law School, 1942. Attorney at Law. Member Northampton 
County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association. Town 
Attorney of Woodland, 1946-1947. Chairman, Northampton Board 
of Elections, 1944-1949. President, Young Democrat Club, Wake 
Forest College, 1940; President, Young Democrat Club, Northamp- 
ton County, 1949. Member, Kappa Alpha Order College Fra- 
ternity. Mason; Master of Potecasi Lodge 418 A. F. & A. M., 1945. 
Member American Legion; Commander, 1945. Staff Sergeant, 
U. S. Army Air Corps; 1942-1943. Episcopalian. Married Miss 
Anna Lucille Poole, September 8, 1945. Two children: Margaret 
Elizabeth Burgwyn, age 3; Anna Poole Burgwyn, age six months. 
Address: Woodland, N. C. 



SAM MACK CAMPEN 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell, and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Sam Mack Campen, Democrat, Senator from the Second Sena- 
torial District, was born at Alliance, N. C, April 17, 1889. Son 
of Samuel and Sally (Potter) Campen. Attended Trinity Park 
School; Trinity College (Duke), Class 1910. Merchant and farmer. 
Postmaster, Alliance, 1913-1927; Chairman Pamlico County Board 
of Education, 1921-1930. Member, Masonic Lodge Bayboro, No. 
331; Scottish Rite, New Bern; Shrine, Sudan Temple, New Bern. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949. Married Miss 
Julia Weskett, August 27, 1913. One daughter: Mrs. W. C. Bar- 
field, Wilmington ; one grandson, Sam Campen Barfield ; one 
granddaughter, Julia Weskett Barfield. Address: Alliance, N. C. 

IRVING EDWARD CARLYLE 

(Twenty-second District — County: Forsyth. One Senator.) 
Irving Edward Carlyle, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
second District, was born in Wake Forest, N. C, September 20, 
1896. Son of Professor John B. and Dora (Dunn) Carlyle. At- 



416 North Carolina Manual 

tended Wake Forest Hijfh School 1910-1913. A.B. Wake Forest 
College 1917; attended Law School in summer; University of Vir- 
ginia Law School 1920-1922. Lawyer. Member American, North 
Carolina and Forsyth County Bar Associations. Member N. C. 
Board of Law Examiners, 1936-1949; President North Carolina 
Bar Association, 1944-1945. Second Lieutenant Field Artillery 
1918, Camp Taylor, Kentucky. Representative in General Assem- 
bly of 1941. Senator in 1943 and 1945; Member of N. C. Board of 
Public Welfare; former Chairman and Member of Board of Trus- 
tees of Wake Forest College; Member of N. C. Advisoiy Budget 
Commission, 1945-1946. Baptist. Married Miss Mai-y Belo Moore, 
New Bern, N. C, October 20, 1928. Two daughters: Elizabeth 
Moore Carlyle and Mary Irving Carlyle. Address: 809 Arbor Road, 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 



JOSEPH T. CARRUTHERS, JR. 

(Seventeenth District — County: Guilford. One Senator.) 
Joseph T. Carruthers, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Seven- 
teenth Senatorial District, born — Greensboro, December 11, 1906. 
Son of Joseph T. and Ethel (Williamson) Carruthers. Bessemer 
High School, 1925; Duke University, 1929, A.B.; Duke University 
Law School, 1932, LL.B. Attorney at Law; Firm: Falk, Carruthers 
& Roth. Member American Bar Association, North Carolina Bar, 
Greensboro Bar Association; Delta Tau Delta; Omicron Delta 
Kappa; Red Friars; and Gamma Eta Gamma. Mason — Past Mas- 
ter; Past President Greensboro Junior Chamber of Commerce; 
Past President Greensboro Lions Club; Past Commander Gate 
City Post No. 282 American Legion; V. F. W.; Past Chairman 
Greensboro Interracial Commission; Past President North Caro- 
lina Railroad; Lt. Col. Commanding 505th F.A. Bn. N.C.N. G.; 
Member of North Carolina Armory Commission; Judge of Juvenile 
Court, Greensboro; Member of the House in General Assembly 
1937 and 1939; Nominated State Senator Guilford County 1942— 
resigned to enter the Army of the United States. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Mary Frances Sutton June 14, 1936. Children — one daughter 
and one foster son. Address, 2403 Sylvan Road, Greensboro, N. C. 



Frink of Brunswick 
Gold of Rutherford 
Hancock of Granville 



Hicks of Greene 

Hobgood of Franklin 
Horton of Martin 



Johnson of Duplin 
Jones of Macon 
Jones of Pitt 



Jones of Surry 
Larkins of Jones 

Leatherman of Lincoln 



Lennon of New Hanover 
Little of Anson 
Lowder of Stanly 



Medford of Haywood 
Morris of Mecklenburg 
Nolan of Cleveland 

14 







418 North Carolina Manual 

JAMES WILLIAM COPELAND 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

James William Copeland, Democrat, Senator from the First 
Senatorial District, was born in Woodland, N. C, June 16, 1914. 
Son of L. C. and Nora L. (Benthall) Copeland. Attended Wood- 
land-Olney High School, graduating in 1930; Guilford College, 
A.B. Degree, 1934; University of North Carolina Law School, J.D. 
Degree, 1937. Lawyer and farmer. Member of Hertford County 
Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Murfreesboro 
Rotary Club; American Legion; V. F. W. Mayor of W^oodland, 
1940-1942. Chairman of Northampton County Board of Elections, 
1939-1942. Mayor of Murfreesboro, 1947-1950. Chairman of Hert- 
ford County Board of Elections, 1946-1949. Member American 
George Lodge No. 17, A. F. & A. M., Murfreesboro, N. C; Sudan 
Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. S., New Bern, N. C. Assistant Editor, 
North Carolina Law Review, 1936-1937. Lieutenant, U. S. Navy, 
1942-1946; presently a member of the U. S. Naval Reserve with 
rank of Lieutenant. Baptist. Married Miss Nancy Hall Sawyer, 
October 11, 1941. One daughter: Emily Robinson Copeland. Ad- 
dress: Murfreesboro, N. C. 



CLAUDIUS HURSELL DEARMAN 

(Twenty-fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell, and Lincoln, 
Two Senators.) 

Claudius Hursell Dearman, Democrat, Senator from the twenty- 
fifth Senatorial District, was born at Harmony, N. C, June 1, 
1901. Son of C. A. and Elizabeth Jane (Albea) Dearman. At- 
tended Harmony High School, 1916-1920; University of North 
Carolina, 1921-1924; University of North Carolina Law School, 
1925-1926. Lawyer. Member of State and County Bar Associa- 
tions; Phi Delta Phi (Legal). Chairman of Statesville City School 
Board, 1939-1948. Mason; Statesville Lodge No. 27. Lieutenant, 
U. S. Naval Service, August, 1942; returned to inactive duty as 
Lieutenant Commander in November, 1945; Pacific Theater of 
Operations (Okinawa). State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1949. Methodist; Member of Board of Stewards; Teacher of Men's 



Biographical Sketches 419 

Bible Class, 1933-1942. Married Miss Henrie Miller, June 18, 1932. 
C ns son: Henry Hursell Dearman, age sixteen. Address: States- 
ville, N. C. 

CHARLES HOWARD DORSETT 

(Eighteenth District- -Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond, and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Charles Howard Dorsett, Demccrat, Senator from the Eighteenth 
Senatorial District, was torn in Randolph County, N. C, Septem- 
ber 11, 1913. Son of Lewis and Lola (Howard) Dorsett. Attended 
Mount Gilead High School, 1928-1932; Wake Forest Colleje, Law 
Degres, 1940. Attorney at Law. Clerk Superior Court, Mont- 
goiTfiery County, March 15, 1946 to December 4, 1950. Enlisted in 
U. S. Navy, April, 1941. Releassd to inactive duty as a Lieuten- 
ant, D3ce:r.ber, 19-5. Mason. Methodist. Married Miss Sara Jean 
Austin, March 20, 1948. One sen: Charles Howard Dorsett, Jr. 
Address: Mount Gilead, N. C. 

JOSEPH COLIN EAGLES, JR. 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash, and WiLon. Two 
Senators.) 

Joseph Colin Eagles, Jr., Demccrat, Senator from the Sixth 
Senatorial District, was born at V/ilson, N. C, October 5, 1910. 
Son of J. C. and Sucie Whitehead (Moye) Eagles. Attended Wil- 
scn High School, 1923-1927; University of North Caolina, A.B., 
1931; University of North Car lina Law Scchool, J.D., 1934. To- 
bacconist and frrmer. Member of Kappa Si^ma and Phi Beta 
Kapp"^ Fraternities. President, Eastern North Carolina Tobacco 
Warehouse A-sociatioii. Directo", Boykin Grocery Company; 
Bright Belt Warehouse Association; Wilson County Farm Bureau; 
North Carolina Hereford Breeders Association; North Carolina 
Medical Foundation. Lieutenant in the U. S. Navy, 1944-1946. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949. Episcopalian, 
Ve:t yn-.an, 1943-1944. Married Miss Betty Ledfoi'd Sparkes, 1938. 
Two children: Betsy Boyden Eagles; Joseph Colin Eagles, IIL Ad- 
dress: 1100 West Nash St., Wilson, N. C. 



420 North Carolina Manual 

HENRY PitlTCHARD ELLER 

(Twenty-fourth District — Counties: Davie, Wilkes, Yadkin. One 
Senator.) 

Henry Pritchard Eller, Republican, Senator from the Twenty- 
fourth Senatorial District, was born in Purlear, N. C. on October 
15, 1904. Son of Robert Lee and Flora (Minton) Eller. Attended 
Boiling Spring-s School. Transportation business and merchant. 
Member North Wilkesboro Kiwanis Club, Director, 1949-1950; 
North Wilkesboro Chambei' of Commerce. President, Catawba 
Transit Co., Inc., Hickory, N. C; Wilkes Transportation Com- 
pany; Eller, Kilby & Brown. Member Knights of Pythias; Dokies; 
Junior Order United American Mechanics. Methodist. Married 
Miss Georgia Elizabeth Johnson, June 28, 1930. One son: Robert 
H. Eller, age 19. Address 223 C. St., North Wilkesboro, N. C. 



LAWRENCE H. FOUNTAIN 

(Fourth D'strict — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sena- 
tors.) 

Lawrence H. FountMn, Democrat. Senator from the Fourth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in the village cf Leggett, N. C, Edge- 
combe County. Sen of Sallie (Barnes) and the late Lawrence H. 
Fountain. Attended Leggett High and Tarboro High School; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 1934; LL.B., 1936. Law- 
yer. Law partner of V. E. Fountain in Law Firm of Fountain 
& Fruntain, Tarboro, N. C. Member Edgecombe County Bar Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion ; American Bar Association. Winner of Wiley P. Mangum 
Oratorical Medal and Mary D. Wright Debate Medal. President 
Philanthropic Literary Society. Member, Debate Council; Board 
of Directors, Graham Memorial Building; Y.M.C.A. Deputation 
Team. Member, Tarboro Kiwanis Club, Past President, 1940; Lt. 
Gov. Sixth Division of Carolinas District of Kiwanis Interna- 
tional, 1950. Former President Young Democratic Club of Edge- 
combe County. Eastern Organizer of Y D C's of North Carolina 
during administration of Ralph W. Gardner. Former Chairman, 
Second Congressional District Executive Committee of Y D C's 
of North Carolina. Member, Tarboro Merchants Association; 



Biographical Skb^tches 421 

Tarboro Chamber of Commerce. Retired member, Tarboro Junior 
Chamber of Commerce. Director of Edgecombe County Chapter, 
American Red Ci'oss. Elected Tarboro's man of the year in 1948. 
Charter meniber, Tarboro's Executive Club. Reading Clerk in 
No^th Carolina State Senate, 1936 Special Session; 1937 Regular 
Session; 1938 Special Session; 1939 Regular Session; 1941 Regu- 
lar Session. State Senator from the Fourth Senatorial District in 
the General Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Enlisted in Army of 
United States, March 4, 1942, with grade of Private; advanced to 
Corporal and Staff Sergeant; released from service as Major, 
J.A.G.O., March 4, 1946. Presbyterian; Deacon, 1941-1946; or- 
dained as Elder in June, 1946; to date, Sunday School attendance 
record of 34 years without absence; teacher Men's Bible Class, 
Howard Memorial Presbyterian Church, regularly broadcast over 
Radio Station WCPS, Tarboro, N. C, each Sunday. Married Miss 
Christine Dail, May 14, 1942. Address: Tarboro, N. C. 

SAMUEL B. FRINK 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Samuel B. Frink, Democrat, Senator from the Tenth Senatorial 
District, was born at Shallotte, N. C, October 2, 1899. Son of 
D. S. and Martha Gore Frink. Attended Brunswick County 
Schools; Motte Business College, Wilmington. Lawyer. Studied 
law for four years under Professor Lockhart at Duke University 
as a special student and in law office, and licensed January 26, 
1931. Clerk Superior Court Brunswick County 1930-1934. Served 
in U. S. Navy during World War I, enlisting May 1, 1917. Com- 
missioned Lt. (jg) United States Coast Guard during World War 
II. Reported for active duty May 28, 1942, and served continuously 
until September 3, 1945. Discharged as Lt. Senior Grade. Active 
in American Legion, 40 & 8, and Reserve Officers Association. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1935 and 1939. County 
Attorney for Brunswick County from December 1, 1936 until May 
28, 1942. Member State Ports Authority from July, 1945 until 
January, 1949. Methodist. Member Board of Stewards, Trinity 
Church, Southport, N. C. Married Marguerite Weathers Brown 
November 9, 1950. Two children by former marriage: Malcolm S, 



422 North Carolina Manual 

Frink, 29 years of age, and Marion C. Frink, 25 years of age. Ad- 
dress: Southport, N. C. 

CHARLES FORTUNE GOLD 

(Twenty-seventh District — Counties : Cleveland, McDowell, and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Charles Fortune Gold, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-sev- 
enth Senatorial District, was born in Ellenboro, N. C, December 
17, 1911. Son of Hattie Poe (Johnson) and the late Dr. Charles F. 
Gold. Attended Blue Ridge School for Boys, Hendersonville, N. C, 
graduating in 1930; Davidson College, B.S., 1934; University of 
North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1937. Attorney. Member, Ruth- 
erford County Bar Association and North Carolina State Bar; 
Rutherfordton Junior Chamber of Commerce; Rutherford County 
Club. Vice-Commander of Fred Williams Post No. 75, American 
Legion. Member, Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity. Solicitor of Ruth- 
erford County Recorder's Court, 1939 and 1940; Judge, 1941, re- 
signing in summer of 1942 in order to enter armed forces. Secre- 
tary to Congressman A. L. Bulwinkle from December 1, 1943 to 
March 1, 1950. President, Rutherford County Young Democratic 
Club, 1939. National Committeeman of the Young Democratic 
Clubs of North Carolina, 1941-1946. President of the Rutherford 
County Tuberculosis and Health Association. Private in Army Air 
Corps from July 27, 1942 to March 5, 1943. Episcopalian; Vestry- 
man. Married Miss Ernestine Bailey, June 6, 1946. One daughter: 
Patsy Lee Gold. Address: Rutherfordton, N. C. 

FRANKLIN WILLS HANCOCK, III 

(Fourteenth District — Counties: Durham, Granville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

Franklin Wills Hancock, III, Democrat, Senator from the Four- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Oxford, N. C, June 1, 1918. 
Son of Frank, Jr., and Lucy (Landis) Hancock. Attended Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1939; B.S. Degree in Commerce, North- 
western University. Realtor and farmer. Member of Kiwanis 
Club; Zeta Psi, President, 1939; Phi Beta Kappa; Beta Gamma 



Biographical Sketches 423 

Sigma. Captain, U. S. Army, February 1942-March 1946, Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1947. Baptist. Married Mary 
Kathryn Foerster, October 16, 1945. One son: Franklin W. Han- 
cock IV; one daughter, Mary Helen Hancock. Address: 103 W. 
Front St., Oxford, N. C. 



CARL T. HICKS 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir, and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Carl T. Hicks, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh Senatorial 
District, was born in Rockingham, N. C, October 14, 1899. Son 
of Daniel Thomas and Sarah Kate (Burns) Hicks. Attended Rock- 
ingham High School, 1905-1917; State College, September 1918 to 
December 6, 1918. Farming-Business Manager. Chairman, Greene 
County Board of Education 1949-1950. Mason. Private, S.A.T.C., 
State College, 1918, discharged December 6, 1918. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Miss Emily Minshew, November 11, 1922. Address: Wal- 
stonburg, N. C. 



HAMILTON HARRIS HOBGOOD 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash, and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

Hamilton Harris Hobgood, Democrat, Senator from the Sixth 
Senatorial District, was born in Franklin County, N. C, March 
23, 1911. Son of Herbert Hamilton and Ruth Taylor (Harris) 
Hobgcod. Attended Mapleville and Louisburg Public School, 1918- 
1924; Bunn High School, 1924-1928; University of North Carolina, 
1928-1933, A.B. in Education, 1932; Wake Forest College Law 
School, 1939-1941, LL.B., 1941. N. C. High School Oratorical 
Champion, 1928. Member of Golden Fleece and Grail. President, 
Senior Class, 1932; Head Waiter, Swain Hall, 1931-1933; Inter- 
collegiate Debate Team, four years. Attorney at Law. Member of 
State, District and County Bar Associations. Judge, Franklin 
County Recorder's Court, December, 1938-November, 1942; April, 
1946-December, 1948. Member, N. C. State Guard, April, 1941 to 
August, 1942, Private to Second Lieutenant; United States Ma- 



424 North Carolina Manual 

rine Corps, August, 1942 to April, 1946, First Lieutenant, August, 
1942; Captain, March, 1943; Major, July, 1945. Served in Pacific 
Theatre of Operations in World War II. Methodist; Chairman 
Board of Stewards, 1948; Teacher of College Bible Class, 1947- 
1949; Teacher of Men's Bible Class, 1950. Married Miss Margaret 
Nicol Stallings, May 15, 1943. Two children: Elizabeth Lacy Hob- 
good, born March 18, 1944; Robert H. Hobgood, born April 25, 
1946. Address: Louisburg, N. C. 



HUGH G. HORTON 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, Pam- 
lico, Tyrrell, and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Hugh G. Horton, Democrat, Senator from the Second Senatorial 
District, was born at Ahoskie, N. C, December 23, 1896. Son of 
John A. and Oda Novella (Byrd) Hoiton. Attended Ahoskie High 
School and Winton High School; Wake Forest Law School, 1922. 
Lawyer. American Bar Association and North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation. Mayor of Williamston, 1923. Prosecuting Attorney Mar- 
tin County, 1927. Private in 1918, 280th Field Hospital, 20th Sani- 
tary Train, Camp Sevier, South Carolina. Skewarkee Lodge No. 
90, A.F.&A.M., Williamston; Washington, N. C. Lodge No. 922, 
B.P.O. Elks. Sudan Temple, A.A.O.N.M. Shrine, New Bern, N. C. 
New Bern Consistory No. 3, Scottish Rite Masonry. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly of 1935, 1937, and 1939. State Sena- 
tor 1941, 1943, and 1947. Member Williamston Memorial Baptist 
Church, Williamston, N. C. Married Miss Bessie 0. Page, Novem- 
ber 11, 1923. Children: Hugh G. Horton, Jr., and Betsy Page Hor- 
ton. Address : Williamston, N. C. 



RIVERS DUNN JOHNSON 

(Ninth District — Counties: Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Rivers Dunn Johnson, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Wilson, N. C, December 29, 1885. Son 
of Seymour Anderson and Annie E. (Clark) Johnson. Educated 
at James Sprunt Institute, Warsaw High School and Wake Forest. 



Page of Richmond 
Poole of Moore 

Powell of Columbus 



Price of Rockingham 
Rankin of Gaston 
Sawyer of Durham 



Scott of Alamance 
Stoney of Burke* 
Talton of Wayne 



Watts of Robeson 

Weaver of Buncombe 
Westbrook of Polk 



Whitley of Johnston 

Winslow of Perquimans 
Woodson of Rowan 



Young of Harnett 

Byerly — Principal Clerk 







426 North Carolina Manual 

Attended Wake Forest Law School, 1908-1909, Lawyer. Member 
American Bar Association, North Carolina Bar Association and 
Duplin County Bar Association. Past President Sixth Judicial 
District Bar Association of North Carolina. Mayor of War- 
saw, 1909-1910. State Senator, 1911, 1915, 1923, Ex. Session 1924, 
1927, 1931, 1935, 1943, and 1947. Thirty-second Degree Mason, 
Scottish Rite Bodies; Shriner, Sudan Temple; Jr. O.U.A.M.; Elk's 
Lodge, Goldsboro; Master Masonic Lodge, 1911-1915; Councillor, 
Jr. O.U.A.M., two years; President Shrine Club, 1919-1926. Bap- 
tist. Teacher Men's Bible Class, First Baptist Church of Warsaw. 
Married Miss Olivia R. Best, May 23, 1921. Children: Rivers D. 
Johnson, Jr., Vivian B. Johnson, and John Anderson Johnson. Ad- 
dress: Warsaw, N. C. 



PAUL ERASTUS JONES 

(Fifth District — County: Pitt. One Senator.) 

Paul Erastus Jones, Democrat, Senator from the Fifth Sena- 
torial District, was born near Bethel, Pitt County, April 9, 1890. 
Son of Solomon Major and Gertrude (Whichard) Jones. Grad- 
uated from Bethel High School, 1907. Attended Richmond Col- 
lege, Virginia, one year; Medical College of Virginia, 1907. Doc- 
tor of Dental Surgery, 1910. Dentist and farmer. Member Pitt 
County Medical and Dental Society; American Dental Association, 
served as delegate since 1931. Consultant, Fifth Trustee District 
to Council on Legislation. Member Council of Legislation Ameri- 
can Dental Association four-year term; Member Fifth District of 
N. C. Dental Society, Secretary 1925-1926, President 1928. Mem- 
ber N. C. Dental Society, President 1930. Fellow of the American 
College of Dentists ; Fellow International College of Dentists. 
Elected to N. C. State Board of Dental Examiners 1938, serving 
until 1947. Vice President American Association of Dental Ex- 
aminers 1943, serving two terms. President 1921. Director of the 
Bank of Farmville, 1921-1937. Member of Farm Bureau; Rotary 
Club; Local School Board (twenty-five years. Chairman five 
years) ; Pitt County Board of Education, 1944-1949; Pitt County 
Democratic Executive Committee (Chairman seven years) ; State 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1945 until present. Appointed 
to N. C. Board of Health, 1944 (served four years) ; Mason; Royal 



Biographical Sketches 427 

Arch; Knights Templer; Shrine; served through all Blue Lodge 
offices. Author of several Essays before the N. C. Dental Society, 
including a Presidential Address in 1931; Presidential Address to 
American Association of Dental Examiners in 1946. First Lieu- 
tenant World War I, June 30, 1918-March 15, 1919. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1949. Member Christian Church; 
Deacon ten years. Married Miss Vernice Lee Lang, October 22, 
1913, Two children: Mrs. Charles M. Duke; Dr. Paul E. Jones, 
Jr. One grandson and one granddaughter. Address: 502 North 
Main St., Farmville, N. C. 

ROBERT POSEY JONES 

(Twenty-third District — Counties: Stokes and Surry. One Sen- 
ator.) 

Robert Posey Jones, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-third 
Senatorial District, was born in Surry County, N. C, October 14, 
1902. Son of George Thomas and Mary Anna (Moseley) Jones. 
Attended the Surry County Public Schools; Booneville High 
School; Edwards' Business College, Winston-Salem, N. C. Tobacco 
Warehouseman, L H. C. Farm Equipment and Truck Dealer. Presi- 
dent, Blue Ridge Insurance Agency, Inc. Member, Mount Airy To- 
bacco Board of Trade, President, 1935-1946; North Carolina In- 
surance Association; Merchants' Association; North Carolina Au- 
tomobile Dealers Association. Vice-President, Surry County Loan 
and Trust Company, Chairman of Executive Committee. Surry 
County Commissioner, 1938-1946; Member, Surry County Welfare 
Board, 1940-1946. Mason. Member of Granite Masonic Lodge No. 
322; Past Master, 1946. Member of Kiwanis Club, Director. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1947. Baptist. Married Miss 
Lucile Simmons Jones, June 15, 1933. Two children. Address: 
North Main Street, Mount Airy, N. C. 

RICHARD SLOAN JONES 

(Thirty-third District — Counties: Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Ma- 
con, and Swain. One Senator.) 

Richard Sloan Jones, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-third 
Senatorial District, was born in Franklin, N. C, March 29, 1903. 



428 North Carolina Manual 

Son of George A. and Harriett (Sloan) Jones. Attended Franklin 
Public Schools; State College, 1921; University of North Carolina, 
1922-1924. Attorney. Methodist; Steward for past ten years. Mar- 
ried Miss Lois Halman, September 4, 1929. Two children: Richard 
S. Jones, Jr., and Margaret Devereaux Jones. Address: Frank- 
lin, N. C. 

JOHN DAVIS LARKINS, JR. 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir, and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

John Davis Larkins, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Seventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Morristown, Tennessee, June 8, 
1909. Son of John Davis and Emma (Cooper) Larkins. Attended 
public schools of Cedartown and Hazelhurst, Georgia, and Fayette- 
ville, N. C, Graduated Greensboro High School June, 1925; B.A. 
Wake Forest 1929, Law 1930 Wake Forest College; Lawyer. Mem- 
ber N. C. Bar Association, American Bar Association, North Caro- 
lina State Bar, Inc., and Fifth District Bar; U. S. Conciliation 
Commissioner-Referee for Jones County 1934-1936. Sigma Delta 
Kappa, National Legal Fraternity, Alpha Pi Delta Social Fra- 
ternity, Junior Order United American Mechanics; Mason; Zion 
Lodge, No. 81, Trenton; Woodman of the World. Trenton Rotary 
Club; New Bern Consistory No. 3 Scottish Rite, Shriner, Sudan 
Temple, B.P.O.E. No. 764, State Senator Seventh District Special 
Session 1936; Regular Session 1937; Special Session 1938; Regular 
Session 1939; President pro tem of 1941 Senate; State Senator 
from the Seventh District in the General Assembly of 1941, 1943, 
and 1949; Served as Chairman State Constitutional Amendment 
Committee Campaign 1938. Chairman N. C. Jackson Day Com- 
mittee 1939-1940; President Eastern Carolina Chamber of Com- 
merce 1940; Secretary N. C. for Roosevelt Headquarters 1940. 
Appointed Kentucky Colonel by Gov. A. B. "Happy" Chandler 
1939. Third Congressional District Chairman Navy Day League 
1941-1942 and Chairman Third Congressional District War Pro- 
duction Board Industrial Salvage Committee. Delegate-at-Large 
to Democratic National Convention in Chicago 1940, District Dele- 
gate 1944, and Alternate to Delegate-at-Large, Democratic Na- 
tional Convention in Philadelphia 1948, Member of Notification 



Biographical Sketches 429 

Committee to notify the Vice-President of the U. S. 1944. Baptist. 
Deacon; Chairman Board Deacons, Superintendent Sunday School 
1930-1942, State Campaign Chairman N. C. Division of the Ameri- 
can Cancer Society 1947-48, Attorney for Atlantic and N. C. Rail- 
road 1945-46. Private, U. S. Army, World War II, Past Adjutant 
and Past Commander American Legion Post No. 154, Trenton, 
N. C; Co-Chairman 1950-51 American Legion Department Mem- 
bership Committee. Member La Societe 40 Et 8, Finance Director 
Democratic National Committee for N. C. Campaign 1948, County 
Chairman Democratic Executive Committee for Jones County since 
1944. Married Miss Pauline Murrill, of Jacksonville, N. C, March 
15, 1930. Two children: Emma Sue and Pauline, ages 19 and 16. 
Address : Trenton, N. C. 

MARVIN T. LEATHERMAN 

(Twenty-fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell, and Lincoln. 
Two Senators.) 

Marvin T. Leatherman, Senator from the Twenty-fifth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Lincoln County, March 30, 1896. Son 
of Franklin J. and Parthena (Wesson) Leatherman. Attended 
Public Schools of Lincoln County; Piedmont High School, Lawn- 
dale, N. C; Rutherford College; Law course. Wake Forest College. 
Attorney at Law. Member, North Carolina State Bar Association; 
Lincolnton Bar Association. Clerk Superior Court, Lincoln County, 
1924-1930; Attorney, Lincoln County, 1930-1946. Knights of 
Pythias; Lincolnton Kiwanis Club, President, 1946. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly of 1949. Baptist; Deacon; taught 
Men's Bible Class for past twenty years. Married Mattie Tinman, 
January 24, 1924. One daughter: Marguerite, junior at Meredith 
College. Address: Lincolnton, N. C. 

ALTON A. LENNON 

(Ninth District — Counties : Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Alton A. Lennon, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Senatorial 
District, was bom in Wilmington, N. C, August 17, 1906. Son of 
R. Y. and Minnie (High) Lennon. Attended New Hanover High 



430 North Carolina Manual 

School; Wake Forest College, graduating with LL.B. Degree, 1929. 
Lawyer. Member of the New Hanover Bar Association; North 
Carolina Bar Association ; State Bar Inc. Judge, New Hanover 
Recorder's Court, 1934-1942. State Senator in the General Assem- 
bly of 1947. Baptist. Married Miss Karine Welch, October 12, 
1933. Two children: Adna Lee and Alton Yates Lennon. Address: 
Wilmington, N. C. 

ROBERT EUGENE LITTLE 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Robert Eugene Little, Democrat, Senator from the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Wadesboro, Anson County, N. C, 
January 10, 1893. Son of Robert Eugene and Mary Austin (Ben- 
nett) Little. Attended Warrenton High School, 1906-1907; Bing- 
ham School, Asheville, from fall term of 1907 through fall term 
of 1908; Trinity Park School, Durham, spring of 1909; Bingham 
School, Asheville, fall 1909 through spring term of 1911; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1911-1915; Wake Forest Law School sum- 
mer 1916. Licensed to practice law by the Supreme Court, August 
term, 1916. Lawyer and Farmer. Member North Carolina and 
American Bar Associations. Member Board of Trustees University 
of North Carolina. Clerk Superior Court Anson County, 1930-1942. 
Served in U. S. Army, September 5, 1918 to December 22, 1918. 
Discharged with rank of Sergeant. Mason. Kappa Sigma Fra- 
ternity University North Carolina. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1945 and 1949. Episcopalian. Married Miss Rosa 
Leak Parsons of Rockingham, N. C, October 14, 1926. Three chil- 
dren: Rosa Parsons Little, Mary Bennett Little, and Robert Eu- 
gene Little, IIL Address: Wadesboro, N. C. 

JAMES PAUL LOWDER 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly, and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

James Paul Lowder, Democrat, Senator from the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Montgomery County, N. C, Au- 
gust 16, 1893. Son of James Marion and Mary Elizabeth (Shankle) 



Biographical Sketches 431 

Lowder. Attended Warsaw High School, 1909-1912; Duke Uni- 
versity, A.B., 1916. Teacher and farmer. Member N.C.E.A., 
Grange, Master Pomona Grange, Stanly County. Mason, Master 
Pee Dee Lodge No. 150 A. F. A. M., Norwood, N. C.; Shriner. 
Member Veterans of Foreign Wars. First Lieutenant, 1st R.O.T.C. 
Ft. Oglethorpe, Ga., 1917; A.E.F. 32nd Division, (Red Arrow) 
1918-1919; Army of Occupation. Methodist; Superintendent of 
Sunday School, 1944-1950; Steward, 1920-1950. Married Miss 
Pauline Ledbetter, December 20, 1919. Children: James Paul Low- 
der, Jr., killed in action in France; Mrs. Margaret Lowder Shipp- 
lett. One grandson: James Wallace Shipplett. Address: Nor- 
wood, N. C. 

WILLIAM MEDFORD 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

William Medford, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-second 
Senatorial District, was born in Bryson City, N. C, January 29, 
1909. Son of A. T. and Verna (Welch) Medford. Attended Bryson 
City High School, 1923-1927; University of North Carolina, A.B., 
1931; University of North Carolina Law School, 1930-1933, LL.B. 
Attorney at Law. Member of the North Carolina Bar Association 
and District Associations; Waynesville Rotary Club. State Sena- 
tor in the General Assembly of 1947. Baptist; Chairman, Finance 
Committee, 1946-1947. Lieutenant in the United States Navy, 1942- 
1945. Married Miss Martha Mock, November 23, 1940. One son: 
James Allen Medford. Address: 205 North Main Street, Waynes- 
ville, N. C. 

HARVEY MORRIS 

(Twentieth District — County: Mecklenburg. One Senator.) 
Harvey Morris, Democrat, Senator from the Twentieth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Charlotte, N. C, September 18, 1887. 
Son of P. R. and Pinky Lee (Berryhill) Morris. Finished Char- 
lotte Schools in 1905. Dairy Farmer. President of Morris Live- 
stock Co., Morris Farm Equipment Co., and Morris Esso Service 
Co. Member of Mecklenburg- County Welfare Board, 1936-1938; 



432 North Carolina Manual 

Board of County Commissioners, 1938-1940, National Guard, 1905- 
1908. Mason, Shriner, Elk, Moose, Eagles. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1945, 1947, and 1949. Presbyterian. Married 
Miss Iris Owen. Three children. Address: Charlotte, N. C. Route 
No. 6. 

CLYDE NOLAN 

(Twenty-seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell, and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Clyde Nolan, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-seventh Sena- 
torial District, was born in Lawndale, N. C, July 22, 1896. Son 
of Delia (McBrayer) and the late John Beam Nolan. Attended 
Piedmont High School, Lawndale, N. C; Kings Business College, 
Charlotte, N. C. Realtor and farmer. Chairman, Democratic Exec- 
utive Committee for Cleveland County, 1946-1950; Member, State 
Democratic Executive Committee. Member, Shelby Kiwanis Club. 
Baptist. Married Miss Flora Pettit, August 15, 1929. One son: 
Clyde Nolan. Jr. Address: P. 0. Box 43, Shelby, N. C. 

JOHN THOMAS PAGE 

(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond, and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

John Thomas Page, Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Cumberland County. Son of John 
Bunyan and Louetta Jane (Holland) Page. Attended Buies Creek 
Academy; Wake Forest Law School. Lawyer. Member, N. C. State 
Bar; N. C. Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney, Richmond 
County Special Court, 1940-1946; County Attorney, 1946-1948; 
Judge, Richmond County Special Court, 1948-1949. Married Miss 
Delia Scarborough, December 21, 1921. Three sons: John Thomas 
Page, Jr., Talmadge D. Page, and Jackie O'Neal Page. Address: 
ill Steele Street, Rockingham, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 433 

JULIAN HAWLEY POOLE 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett. Hoke, Moore, and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Julian Hawley Poole, Senator from the Twelfth Senatorial Dis- 
trict, was born in Jackson Springs, N. C, March 29, 1890. Son of 
H. S. and Sai-ah A. (McLeod) Poole. Graduated from Biscoe High 
School, 1913; B.S. in Agriculture, State College, 1917. Peach 
grower. Director, Tri-State Peach Growers Society. Member State 
Board of Agriculture and Board of University Trustees. Director, 
Bank of Pinehurst. Chairman, Board Supervisors Upper Cape 
Fear Soils Conservation District; State President, Supervisors 
N. C. Soils Conservation, 1950. Member National Distributors of 
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables; Past Chairman, Moore County 
Agricultural Club; Director North Carolina Peach Growers Coun- 
cil. President, Sandhills Kiwanis Club, 1949. Representative in 
the General Assembly from Moore County, 1937, 1941, and 1943. 
Served at Fort Oglethorpe Officers Training Camp, Second Lieu- 
tenant, May 1917 to August 29, 1917; First Lieutenant, Junior 
Reserve Corps to 1927. Mason; Master Elberta Lodge 654, West 
End, 1940. Presbyterian; Elder, 1935; Moderator Fayetteville 
Presbytery, 1950. Married Miss Lena Nelson Booker, September 
5, 1925. Two children: One girl and one boy. Address: West 
End, N. C. 



JUNIUS KENNETH POWELL 

(Tenth District — Counties : Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Junius Kenneth Powell, Democrat, Senator from the Tenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Whiteville, N. C, July 15, 1899. Son 
of Robert Henry and Nett (McKinnon) Powell. Attended White- 
ville High School; Judge Walter Siler's Law School, Raleigh, and 
Wake Forest College. Lawyer. Solicitor, Columbus County Court, 
1935-1936; Attorney for Columbus County, 1937-1939; Tax Attor- 
ney for Columbus County, 1939-1940; Attorney for Town of Fair 
Bluff, 1944-1946. 32nd Degree Mason; Shriner. State Senator in 
the General Assembly of 1947. Representative from Columbus 



434 North Carolina Manual 

County in the General Assembly of 1949. Presbyterian, Chairman, 
Board of Deacons, First Presbyterian Church of Whiteville. Mar- 
ried Miss Helen Simmons, October 7, 1919. One daughter: Mrs. 
J. B. Lee, Jr., Attorney at Law, Whiteville, N. C. Address: 
Whiteville, N. C. 

.JOHN HAMPTON PRICE 

(Fifteenth District — Counties: Caswell and Rockingham. One 
Senator.) 

John Hampton Price, Democrat, Senator from the Fifteenth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Rockingham County, November 20, 
1899. Son of Robert B. and Hallie (McCabe) Price. Graduated 
from Washington and Lee University 1924, with degree of LL.B., 
Attorney at Law. Member Rockingham County Bar Association, 
North Carolina Bar Association, American Bar Association. For- 
mer Councilor Twenty-first Judicial District, North Carolina State 
Bar. Senator from the Seventeenth District in 1939 and 1941 ; 
from the Fifteenth District in 1943, 1945, and 1949; President Pro 
Tem of the 1943 Senate. Former member of State Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee; delegate to National Democratic Convention in 
Philadelphia, 1948. Member State Advisory Budget Commission, 
State Division of Purchase and Contract. Mason. Sons of Ameri- 
can Revolution; Rotarian; member Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity. 
Methodist. Married Miss Sallie Hester Lane, May 2, 1929. Ad- 
dress: Leaksville, N. C. 

RUFUS GRADY RANKIN 

(Twenty-sixth District — County: Gaston. One Senator.) 
Rufus Grady Rankin, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-sixth 
Senatorial District, was born at Belmont, February 25, 1891. Son 
of Rufus Pinkney and Zee (Hand) Rankin. Graduated from Gas- 
tonia High School, 1906; attended University of North Carolina, 
1906-1909. President of Superior Yarn Mills, I^.Iount Holly, N. C. 
State Senator from the twenty-sixth Senatorial District in the 
General Assembly of 1931, 1933, 1947 and 1949. Member of North 



Biographical Sketches 436 

Carolina Budget Commission 1931-1935 and 1949-1951. Member 
North Carolina Unemployment Compensation Commission 1943- 
1946. Member Board of Gaston County Commissioners, 1919-1925. 
Mason, including Blue Lodge, Chapter, Commandery, Scottish Rite, 
Shrine; Methodist; Steward. Married Miss Ruth Boyce, January 
13, 1913. Four children: R. G. Rankin, Jr.; David H. Rankin; 
George Mason Rankin; Mrs. Anna Rankin Lineberger; five grand- 
children. Address: Gastonia, N. C. 

THOMAS B. SAWYER 

(Fourteenth District — Counties : Durham, Granville, and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

Thomas B. Sawyei% Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Tapoco, N. C. Son of Pleas M. and 
Edna 0. (Garland) Sawyer. Attended Greensboro High School, 
1933-1935; Duke University, A.B., 1938; Emory University Law 
School, LL.B., 1947. President, Radio Station WSSB, Durham, N. C. 
Member, N. C. State Bar; Durham Merchant's Association; Durham 
Chamber of Commerce. Alternate to delegate from State-at-large, 
Democratic National Convention, 1948. Mason; Greensboro Lodge 
No. 76. Member American Veterans of World War II (AMVETS) ; 
Post Commander, 1948-1949; State Commander, 1949; National 
Executive Committeeman for AMVETS for N. C. at present. Mem- 
ber, American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Disabled Amer- 
ican Veterans; Lions International. Served four and one-half 
years during World War II, one year with the 36th F. A. in 
E. T. O. Was injured in combat in the North African campaign 
and returned to the States. Chief, Industrial Services Branch, Hq. 
Fourth Service Command, in Atlanta. Released from active duty 
with rank of Captain. Called back to active duty, November 16, 
1950, and at the present time on excess leave without pay to serve 
in the N. C. Senate. Baptist. Past President of the Durham Coun- 
cil of Churches. Married Miss Dorothy M. Siler, August 25, 1939. 
Four children: Pleas M. (age 10); Joseph B. (age 4); Thomas 
B„ Jr. (age 2) ; and Floy O. (age 1). Address: 806 W. Markham 
Ave., Durham, N. C. 



436 North Carolina Manual 

RALPH H. SCOTT 

(Sixteenth District — Counties: Alamance and Orange. One Sen- 
ator.) 

Ralph H. Scott, Democrat, Senator from the Sixteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born near Haw River, N. C, December 12, 
1903. Son of Robert Walter and Elizabeth (Hughes) Scott. At- 
tended Hawfields High School, 1916-1920; North Carolina State 
College, B.S., 1924. Partner and Manager, Melville Dairy. Mem- 
ber Kiwanis Club, President, 1942; Chamber of Commerce, Presi- 
dent, 1944-1945; Merchants Association; North Carolina Dairy 
Products Association, President, 1947; North Carolina Jersey 
Breeders Association, President, 1939; Raleigh, Durham, Burling- 
ton Dairy Council, President, 1945-1946; Alamance County Tuber- 
culosis Association, President, 1942; Trustee, May Memorial Li- 
brary. County Commissioner, 1944-1950. Mason; Bula Lodge No. 
409, A. F. & A. M. Presbyterian; Chairman Board of Deacons, 
1938-1950. Married Miss Hazeleene Tate, November 11, 1925. Chil- 
dren: Miriam Tate Scott; Ralph Henderson Scott, Jr.; William 
Clevenger Scott. Address: Haw River, N. C. 



ANDREW BURNETT STONEY 

(Twenty-eighth District — Counties : Alexander, Burke, and Cald- 
well. One Senator.) 

Andrew Burnett Stoney, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
eighth Senatorial District was born in Camden, S. C, December 
15, 1892. Son of Rev. James Moss and Jennie (Shannon) Stoney. 
Attended Graded School, Camden, S. C, and High School, 1899- 
1910; A.B., University of South Carolina, 1914; Law School, 1914- 
1915; Harvard Law School, 1915-1917. Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fra- 
ternity. Ensign, U. S. Navy, 1917-1918; Lieutenant 1918-1919. 
Burke Post No. 21, American Legion. Mason, Shriner, Junior 
Order United American Mechanics. Mimosa Golf Club; Mimosa 
Fishing Club. President, Morganton Kiwanis Club, 1942. Gen- 
eral Insurance Business. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1941, 1943, 1945 and 1947. Episcopalian; Vestryman since 1938, 
Junior Warden, Grace Church, Morganton, Diocesan Chairman of 
Laymen 1949-1951. Married Mrs. Mary Wilson Kistler, August 



Biographical Sketches 437 

15, 1938. Step-children: Mrs. Mary Kistler Craven; Charles E. 
Kistler, Jr., and Andrew M. Kistler, II. Address: Morganton, N. C. 

HARDY TALTON 

(Eighth District — Counties: Johnston, and Wayne. Two Sen- 
ators.) 

Hardy Talton, Democrat, Senator from the Eighth Senatorial 
District, was born at Pikeville, N. C, August 18, 1900. Son of 
Mack Duffie and Rebecca (Pike) Talton. Attended Gurley School, 
Wayne County, 1906-1913; Kenly High School, 1914-1915. Tobac- 
conist and Farmer. Member, Harmony Masonic Lodge, No. 340, 
Master, 1943-1944; J.O.U.A.M. No. 312, Councilor, 1936 and 1948; 
District Councilor, 28th District, 1946; Grange No. 964, Master, 
1939-1948; Master of Wayne Pomona Grange No. 38, 1943-1948. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949. Member of Pleas- 
ant Grove F.W.B.; Member of Board of Ruling Elders, 1932-1948; 
Teacher, 1927-1948. Married Miss Mildred Roberts, December 21, 
1921. One daughter: Mary Ellen, age 19. Address: Route 2, 
Pikeville, N. C. 

WESLEY CARR WATTS 

(Eleventh District — County: Robeson. One Senator.) 
Wesley Carr Watts, Democrat, Senator from the Eleventh Sena- 
torial District, was born in Lumberton, N. C, October 12, 1900. 
Son of Andrew and Edith (Britt) Watts. Attended Public Schools 
of Robeson County; Buie's Creek Academy, 1917-1918; Mars Hill 
College, 1919; University of North Carolina; University of North 
Carolina Law School; Admitted to the Bar in August, 1924. Law- 
yer, farmer, and realtor. Member Robeson County Bar Associa- 
tion. Solicitor, Recorder's Court, 1936-1940; Clerk of Superior 
Court of Robeson County, December 1940 to July 1945 (resigned). 
Member Chamber of Commerce of Lumberton; North Carolina 
Board of Realtors; St. Alban's Lodge No. 114 A.F. & A.M., Past 
Master, 1938; Wilmington Consistory 32nd Degree; Sudan Temple 
A. A. O.N. M.S. of New Bern, N. C; Junior Order United American 
Mechanics. Baptist; President, Men's Bible Class several times. 



438 North Carolina Manual 

the last time being from January 1, 1950 through June 30, 1950. 
Married Miss Dorothy GaNell Rice, November 1, 1926. Three chil- 
dren : Dorothy Watts Sanderson, Betty Ann Watts, and Edith 
GaNell Watts. Address: 209 W. 16th Street, Lumberton, N. C. 

ZEBULON WEAVER, JR. 

(Thirty-first District — County: Buncombe. One Senator.) 

Zebulon Weaver, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-first 
Senatorial District, was born in Asheville, N. C, March 27, 1907. 
Son of Zebulon and Anna (Hyman) Weaver. Graduated from 
Asheville High School, 1924; Weaver College, 1926; George Wash- 
ington University, 1928; Asheville University Law School, 1932. 
Lawyer. Member Buncombe County Bar Association. Methodist; 
Steward, 1946-1950. Married Miss Elizabeth Roberts, September 
11, 1931. Two children: Zebulon Weaver, III; Pearce R. Weaver. 
Address: 24 Montview Drive, Asheville, N. C. 

ELBERT AUSTIN WESTBROOK 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk, and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

Elbert Austin Westbrook, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty- 
second Senatorial District, was born in Glendale, S. C, May 31, 
1904. Son of T. H. and Dora (Feagan) Westbrook. Graduated 
from Stearns High School, Columbus, N. C, May 9, 1924. Mer- 
chant and cotton gin owner. Elected Polk County Commissioner 
December 1948 to serve until 1952, resigning to accept Office of 
Senator. Member Woodman of World, Consul Commander, 1949- 
1950. Charter member of Tryon's Lions Club. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Miss Vera Mignon Harris, March 21, 1934. One daughter: 
Doris Linda Westbrook. Address: Tryon, N. C, Route 1. 

ADAM JACKSON WHITLEY, JR. 

(Eighth District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sen- 
ators.) 

Adam Jackson Whitley, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Eighth 
Senatorial District, was born in Johnston County, N. C, April 14, 



Biographical Sketches 439 

1894. Son of Adam Jackson and Abigail (Casey) Whitley. At- 
tended Smithfield Grammar and High School, 1901-1914; N. C. 
State College, 1915-1917. Farmer and Operator of Bulk Milk Plant. 
Member Smithfield Chamber of Commerce; Junior Order; Rotary 
Club, Charter member when organized in 1944. Mason. Chairman, 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1945-1947; Precinct Committee- 
man, 1939-1945. Served as a Sergeant in World War I, 1917-1918. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949. Baptist; Deacon, 
1927-1948; Chairman, Board of Deacons, 1929-1948; Moderator of 
Johnston Baptist Association, 1936-1950. Married Miss Florence 
Elizabeth Lassiter, February 14, 1923. Three children: Adam J. 
Whitley, III; Dennis Whitley; Leah Lassiter Whitley. Address: 
Rt. 1, Smithfield, N. C. 

JULIAN EMMETT WINSLOW 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

Julian Emmett Winslow, Democrat, Senator from the First Sen- 
atorial District, was born at Winfall, N. C, February 14, 1897. 
Son of Charles Cook and Martha (Leigh) Winslow. Attended 
Hertford High School and St. Paul's School. Oil jobber and mer- 
chant. Member North Carolina's Oil Jobbers Association; North 
Carolina Hardware Dealers Association; North Carolina Mer- 
chants Association. Sheriff, Perquimans County, 1932-1946. Con- 
gressional Committee Member, 1937-1949. Mason (32nd Degree); 
Shriner Sudan Temple. Second Lieutenant, U. S. Air Corps (Pilot), 
December 1917-October 1919; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Reserve 
Army Air Corps, October 1919-October 1924. State Senator in the 
General Assembly of 1949. Episcopalian; Member of Vestry. Two 
children: Betty Randolph Winslow, Julian Emmett Winslow, Jr. 
Address: Hertford, N. C. 

NELSON WOODSON 

(Twenty-first District — Counties: Cabarrus and Rowan. Two 
Senators.) 

Nelson Woodson, Democrat, Senatoi' from the Twenty-first Sen- 
atorial District, was born at Salisbury, N. C, March 26, 1909. 



440 North Carolina Manual 

Son of Walter H. and Pauline (Bernhardt) Woodson. Attended 
Salisbury High School, 1921-1925; University of North Carolina, 
1929, A.B. Degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 
1932, LL.B. Degree. Attorney at Law. Member of Rowan County 
Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar 
Association. Partner, Woodson & Woodson, Attorneys. Served in 
the U. S. Army, 1942-1946; 77th Infantry Division in the Pacific; 
discharged as Captain. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1949. Episcopalian. Married Miss Mary Holt Whittle, October 
19. 1946. Address: 225 South Fulton Street, Salisbury, N. C. 

JAMES ROBERT YOUNG 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

James Robert Young, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Dunn, January 27, 1896. Son of 
Ernest Foster and Alma (Fleming) Young. Attended Warrenton 
High School 1911-1913; Tennessee Military Institute, 1913-1914; 
University of Tennessee 1914-1915; University of N. C. 1915-1917; 
University of North Carolina Law School 1919-1920; Wake Forest 
Law School 1920-1921. Licensed to practice law, January, 1922. 
Member North Carolina Bar Association; N. C. State Bar Asso- 
ciation; The American Bar Association. Solicitor Recorder's Court 
of Dunn 1929-1930, Judge 1935-1937. Private 119th Infantry- June 
22, 1917; Battalion Sgt.-Majr., July, 1917. Graduated Army Can- 
didates School as Second Lieut., 1918; Served overseas with 119th 
Infantry, 30th Division. City Attorney, 1946-1948. Thirty-second 
Degree Mason; Knights of Pythias; American Legion; 40 & 8 
Society; Sigma Nu College Fraternity U. N. C; Senior Warden 
St. Stephens Episcopal Church. Represented Harnett County in 
the General Assembly of 1931 and 1933. Married Miss Hazel Vir- 
ginia Fetner, 1922. Address: Dunn, N. C. 



REPRESENTATIVES 

WALTER FRANK TAYLOR 

SPEAKER 

Walter Frank Taylor, Democrat, Representative from Wayne 
County, was bovn in Faison, N. C, April 4, 1889. Son of S. Luther 
and Ettie (Crow) Taylor. A.B. University of North Carolina, 
1911; LL.B., 1914. Admitted to N. C. State Bar, 1914, and since 
practiced in Goldsboro and member firm of Langston, Allen & 
Taylor. Member, American Bar Association; N. C. Bar Associa- 
tion; State Bar; Wayne County Bar; American Judicature So- 
ciety; President, N. C. Bar Association, 1943-1944. Member State 
Beard of Law Examiners, 1940-1948. State Senator in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1921; Representative from Wayne County, 1939, 
1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, and 1949. Member Re-codification Commis- 
sion 1941-1943; Chairman Motor Transportation Commission to 
re-write Motor Truck Carriers' Act, 1945-1947. Member, Commis- 
sion to re-write Insurance Laws of State of North Carolina, 1943- 
1947; Commission to make recommendation to General Assembly 
for Improving Administration of Justice, 1947-1949; State Ad- 
visory Budget Commission and Board of Contracts and Awards, 
1947-1951. Served as Alderman City of Goldsboro, 1933-1939. Mem- 
ber, Board of Trustees of University of North Carolina 1915-1931; 
1941-1949 and re-elected to 1957; Board of Trustees of North Car- 
olina College for Negroes at Durham, 1941-1949. Member Board 
of Trustees, Goldsboro Public Library, 1935-1948, Chairman, 1945- 
1948. Member Board of Directors Wayne County Memorial Asso- 
ciation since 1925, Chairman, 1946-1949. Mason. Elk. Member 
Kiwanis, Dunes Club, Atlantic Beach; Sphinx Club. Raleigh; Phi 
Beta Kappa, Tau Kappa Alpha and Golden Fleece. Methodist. 
Married Miss Elizabeth Gibson, December 16, 1933. One daughter, 
Katharine Patterson Taylor, age thirteen years. Address: Golds- 
boro, N. C. 

THOMAS WATKINS ALLEN 

Thomas Watkins Allen, Democrat, Representative from Gran- 
ville County, was born in Granville County, January 7, 1893. Son 

441 



442 North Carolina Manual 

of Glaudious L. and Catherine (Bragg) Allen. Attended Creed- 
moor High School, 1910-1914. Farmer. Member County Board of 
Education, 1928-1932; North Carolina Library Commission Board, 
1940-1944. Entered service, April 18, 1918; promoted to Corporal 
January 5, 1919; discharged, June 23, 1919. Member Creedmoor 
Masonic Lodge, Master, 1934-1940; Wilton Junior Order United 
American Mechanics, Councilor, 1920; District Councilor at pres- 
ent; Member Noith Carolina State Grange, Member Executive 
Committee, 1940 to present; Member, Oxford Rotary Club; Chair- 
man, Tobacco Committee, N. C. State Grange; Member of North 
Carolina Tobacco Council; Chairman of The Board of Wilton 
Committee; President, Henderson Production Credit Association 
since 1934; President, Wake Rural Electrification Administration 
since 1942; Member, Board of Directors, Durham Mutual Ex- 
change since 1940; Chairman, Tobacco Committee National 
Grange; Member N. C. Farm Bureau; Master Granville County 
Pomona Grange; Member County Committee, Agricultural Con- 
servation Association of Granville County, 1936-1948. Three times 
a member of County Committee of Farmers Home Administration ; 
Member of Board of Directors of Tobacco Stabilization Coopera- 
tive Corporation; Member of Board of Directors of Tobacco Asso- 
ciates Incorporation; Member of Tobacco Advisory Committee to 
the Secretary of Agriculture under the Marketing Reseai'ch Act. 
Member N. C. Rural Electrification Authority. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1949. Baptist; Member Board of Deacons 
since 1922; Superintendent, Sunday School, 1919-1940; Vice Mod- 
erator Flat River Baptist Association. Married Miss Julia Farmer, 
September 11, 1921. Two children: Thomas W. Allen, Jr., age 26; 
Mildred A. Jenkins, age 23. Address: Creedmoor, N. C, Route 1. 

ETHNA GORDON ANDERSON 

Ethna Gordon Anderson, Democrat, Representative from Mar- 
tin County, was born June 5, 1899. Son of the late Dr. J. H. and 
Mary (Barnes) Anderson. Graduated from High School in 1918; 
entered Reserve Officers Training Course, N. C. State College, 
1918 for one semester. Leaf tobacco dealer and farmer. Mayor, 
Town of Robersonville three terms. Member Board of Commis- 
sioners two terms. Mason; Stonewall Lodge 296 A.F. & A.M., 



W. Frank Taylor — Speaker 



Allen of Granville 
Anderson of Martin 
Askew of Gates 



Atkins of Yancey 
Avant of Columbus 
Barker of Durham 



Bender of Jones 

Blackwell of Forsyth 
Blue of Moore 



Bost of Cabarrus 
Branch of Halifax 
Brantley of Polk 



Brock of Davie 

Brown of Jackson 
Brown of Watauga 




m^^M 



444 North Carolina Manual 

Robersonville, N. C; Scottish Rite Lodge, New Bern, N. C; 
Shriner; Sudan Temple, New Bern, N. C. Presbyterian. Married 
Miss Callie Mae Roberson, December, 1924. One daughter. Ad- 
dress: Robersonville, N. C. 



ALLEN EDGAR ASKEW 

Allen Edgar Askew, Democrat, Representative from Gates 
County, was born in Eure, N. C, March 6, 1918. Son of William 
John and Venie (Piland) Askew. Attended Eure Grammar School, 
1925-1932; Gatesville High School, 1932-1936; Elon College, B.A., 
1940. Merchant. Mason, Lodge 126, Gatesville. Served in U, S. 
Army from February 4, 1940 to September 27, 1945 with Sixth 
Armored Division with rank of Corporal. Member of Christian 
Church; Teacher of Men and Women Sunday School Class. Mar- 
ried Miss Martha Elizabeth Stokes, July 18, 1944. One son: Allen 
Edgar Askew, Jr. Address: Gatesville, N. C. 



BILL ATKINS 

Bill Atkins, Democrat, Representative from Yancey County, was 
born in Sioux, N. C, September 4, 1909. Son of Press and Martha 
(Peterson) Atkins. Attended Clearmont High School, 1926-1930; 
Mars Hill Junior College; Asheville University Law School, 1932- 
1934, LL.B. Attorney at Law. Member North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation; Yancey County Bar Association. County Attorney for 
Yancey County, 1945, 1946, 1949, 1950. Married Miss Mary Willie 
Lisenbee, August 22, 1943. One daughter: Marietta Atkins, born 
July 22, 1940. Address: Burnsville, N. C, 



HOMER GAUSE AVANT 

Homer Cause Avant, Democrat, Representative from Columbus 
County, was born in Cool Springs, S. C, October 29, 1884. Son of 
Wadus Woodson and Sarah (Hilton) Avant. Agent, Sinclair Re- 
fining Company; President, Avant and Sholar, Inc. Meinber Rotary 
Club; Whiteville Country Club; Whiteville Merchants Association; 
Chairman, Board of Trustees, Columbus County Hospital, Inc.; 



Biographical Sketches 446 

Member of Eastern Star. Commissioner, Columbus County, 1929- 
19.30 and 1933-1940, serving' two years as Chairman; Columbus 
County Township Commissioner, 1918-1922; Member Board of 
Education, 1924-1926. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1943 and 1947. Mason; Scottish Rite. Baptist. Married Miss Mary 
McLelland, September 26, 1909. Seven children. Address: White- 
ville, N. C. 

OSCAR GARLAND BARKER 

Oscar Garland Barker, Democrat, Representative from Durham 
County, was born in Cary, Wake County, North Carolina, January 
12, 1896. Son of Brinkley Dickerson and Martha (Johnson) 
Barker. Educated Durham City Schools and Trinity College, com- 
pleting: law coui'se at Trinity in 1923. Lawyer, specializing' in con- 
sultation and civil practice. Member of North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation and Durham County Bar Association. Durham Lodge Ma- 
sons, No. 352; Sudan Temple Mystic Shrine. Formerly newspaper 
Editor, having served with editorial staffs of Durham Herald, 
Durham Sun and Greensboro Record. Represented Durham County 
in North Carolina General Assembly in 1935, 1937, special session 
of 1938, 1943, 1945, and 1947. Candidate for Congress in Sixth 
District in 1939 and 1941. Held numerous important legislative 
committee assignments and was Chairman Courts and Judicial Dis- 
tricts Committee in 1937. Serving second term as member Board 
of Trustees of the North Carolina College at Durham. President, 
Durham Y. M. C. A.; President, Durham Executives Club. Bap- 
tist; Teacher Men's Bible Class First Baptist Church, Durham, 
which was named Barker Bible Class in 1941. Member Associate 
Board of Deacons. Married Miss Sarah Mae Terry, February 28, 
1923. Address: Durham, N. C. 

ROBERT PHILEMON BENDER 

Robert Philemon Bender, Democrat, Representative from Jones 
County, was born in Jones County, near Pollocksville, January 1, 
1888. Son of Bryan and Lucy H. (Tolson) Bender. Attended Pol- 
locksville High School, 1911-1914; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1914-1915. Lawyer, Member Jones County Board of 



446 North Carolina Manual 

Education, 1920-1926; Member Jones County Democratic Executive 
Committee 1918 to the present time. City Attorney, town of Pol- 
Iccksville, 1921-1931. Permanent member Legal Advisory Board 
for Jones County during World War I. Chairman Jones County 
Young People's Democratic Clubs, 1928-1930. Secretary Jones 
County Bar Association since July 1933. Served as Vice-President 
Fifth District Bar Association 1935-1937; and President Fifth 
District Bar Association 1937-1938. Woodman of the V/orld; Clerk 
of Evergreen Camp No. 184, Pollock^ville, 1916-1933; inclusive. 
Charter member Pollocksville Rotary Club, President Jcnes County 
Farm Bureau, Governnient A.ppeal Agent for Jones County Draft 
Board 19-15 and 1946. Member State House of Representatives 
from Jones County, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1939, 1943, 1945, and 
1947. Presbyterian; Deacon 1917-1924; Elder since 1924; Super- 
intendent Sunday School 1921-1934, inclusive. President Jones 
County Sunday School Association, 1926 to the present time. Mar- 
ried Miss Piary McGee Edwards, September 19, 1917 (deceased). 
Married Miss Bonnie Mae Grimsley, February 14, 1934 (died Sep- 
tember 21, 1937). Married Miss Nellie H. Finer of Morehead City, 
November 30, 1939. Children: Two sons, born of first marriage. 
Captain Robert P. Bender, Jr., of U. S. Army Air Corps, age 28, 
and Cpl. J. Virgil Bender of Army Quartermaster Corps, age 25. 
Address: Pollocksville, N. C. 



THOMAS WINFIELD BLACKWELL, JR. 

Thomas Winfield Blackwell, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Forsyth County, was born in Lexington, Ky., March 3, 1913. Son 
of Thomas Winfield, Sr., and Ruth Estelle (Crist) Blackwell. At- 
tended Public School and High School, ¥/inston-Salem, N. C; 
Woodberry Forest School; A.B., University of North Carolina, 
1934. LL.B., Yale University, 1937. Lawyer and Tax Consultant. 
Phi Beta Kappa; member of American Bar Association; North 
Carolina Bar Association; Forsyth County Bar Association; State 
Executive Committee of North Carolina Bar Association, 1946- 
1948. Winston-Salem Chamber of Commerce; Pythians; Grange. 
Had active duty during V^^orld War II in United States Navy, July, 
1942 through December, 1946; entered as Junior Lieutenant and 
became Lieutenant-Commander; served in Seventh Fleet in South- 



Biographical Sketches 447 

west Pacific; also served in Caribbean. Member of American Le- 
gion; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Baptist. Member of Board of Deacons 
at present; Founder and Teacher (1938 to the present) of The 
Young Men's Bible Class; Assoc. Superintendent of Young Peoples' 
Department, 1936-1939. Married Miss Mary Johnson Lambeth of 
Thcmasville, N. C, June 1, 1940. Three children: Catharine Camp- 
bell Blackwell, Ruth Crist Blackwell and Mary Lambeth Black- 
well. Address: Route No. 2, Country Club Road, Winston-Salem, 
N. C. 



HERBERT CLIFTON BLUE 

Herbert Clifton Blue, Democrat, Representative from Moore 
County, was born in Hoke County, N. C. (then Cumberland), 
August 28, 1910. Son of John Patrick and Christian (Steward) 
Blue. Graduated from Vass-Lakeview High School in 1929. Pub- 
lisher "The Sandhill Citizen," Aberdeen, N. C. Member, Town of 
Aberdeen Board of Commissioners, 1945; President, Moore County 
YDC Club, 1941-1946; Elected Eighth Congressional District YDC 
Chairman, 1946; Secretary North Carolina Young Democratic 
Clubs 1947-1948; President North Carolina Young Democratic 
Clubs 1948-1949; Secretary State Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee 1949 to present time; Member Moore County Democratic Exec- 
utive Committee; Moore County representative on Eighth District 
Congressional Committee. Former President, Central Carolina 
Press Association; Secretary-Treasurer, Aberdeen Tobacco Board 
of Trade. Charter member, Aberdeen Lions Club; President of the 
Club for the 1946-1947 term; Zone Chairman 1947-1948. Mason. 
Woodman of the World. President Vass-Lakeview High School 
Alumni Association, 1933-1935; also 1942 to the present. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Presbyterian, 
Served as Superintendent of Cypress Sunday School, 1930-1940 ; 
Deacon in Cypress Church, 1931-1941; Superintendent, Bethesda 
Presbyterian Sunday School, 1940 to present time; Deacon, Bethes- 
da Church, 1941-1946; Elected Elder, Bethesda Church, 1946. Mar- 
ried Miss Gala Lee Nunnery, July 4, 1937. Three children : Pa- 
tricia Joyce, age 10; Herbert Clifton, Jr., age 8; John Lee, age 3. 
Address: Aberdeen, N. C. 



448 North Carolina Manual 

EUGENE THOMPSON BOST, JR. 

Eugene Thompson Bost, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Cabarrus County, was born in Cabarrus County, June 11, 1907. 
Son of E. T. and Zula A. (Hinshaw) Bost. Attended Mount Pleas- 
ant Collegiate Institute; Duke University, School of Law 1930- 
1933. Bachelor of Law. Lawyer. Member American Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Bar Association. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, and 1949. 
Methodist. Mason. Married Miss Bernice Hahn, March 27, 1937. 
Address: Concord, N. C. 



JOSEPH BRANCH 

Joseph Branch, Democrat, Representative from Halifax County, 
was born in Enfield, N. C, July 5, 1915. Son of James C. and 
Laura (Applewhite) Branch. Graduated from Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1938 with LL.B. Degree. Lawyer. Member of the Enfield 
Lions Club; Young Business Men's Association. Mason. Served in 
the armed forces of the United States from May 25, 1943 to No- 
vember 29, 1945. Representative in the General Assembly of 1947 
and 1949. Baptist. Married Miss Frances Jane Kitchen. Address: 
Enfield, N. C. 



ROBERT EARLEY BRANTLEY 

Robert Earley Brantley, Democrat, Representative from Polk 
County, was born in Zebulon, N. C, January 19, 1900. Son of 
R. F. and Mrs. Lecy (Puckett) Brantley. Attended Wakelon High 
School, graduating in 1916. Theatre Owner and Operator. Chair- 
man of the Board of County Commissioners of Polk County, 1947- 
1950. Director, Tryon Bank & Trust Company; Chairman of Har- 
mon Field Commission; Past President Tryon Rotary Club; Past 
President Tryon Merchants Association; Past President Tryon 
Chamber of Commerce; Past Director of Tryon Country Club; 
Past Treasurer Polk County Red Cross. Baptist; Deacon and 
Treasurer. Married Miss Sallie V. Baker, January 28, 1925. Three 
children: Mrs. Jean Brantley Durham, Mrs. Marguerite Brantley 
Howell, and Emily Rose Brantley. Address: Tryon, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 449 



BURR COLEY BROCK 



Burr Coley Brock, Republican, Representative from Davie Coun- 
ty, was born in Farmington, N. C, November 26, 1891. Son of 
Moses B. and Vert (Coley) Brock. Attended schools of Cooleemee, 
Woodleaf, Farmington and Clemmons High School, graduating in 
1913; University Law School, 1913-1915; A.B., 1916. Lawyer. Ma- 
son; Junior Order United American Mechanics; Odd Fellows; 
Woodmen of the World; President Mocksville Lodge of P. 0. S. 
of A., also county and district president. Chairman Boy Scout 
Committee, Farmington, 1940-1949. Member School Committee, 
1941-1949. Trustee Appalachian State Teachers College, 1949- 
1952. Representative in the General Assembly from Davie County 
in 1917, 1933, and 1935; State Senator, 1937, 1943, and 1949. Mi- 
nority Leader in the General Assembly, 1933; Chairman Joint 
House and Senate Caucus Committee, 1935. Methodist; Teacher 
Young Men's Class for eight years, Mocksville M. E. Church, 
South; now teaching Men's Wesley Bible Class; Chairman Circuit 
Board of Stewards and Lay Leader Farmington Methodist Cir- 
cuit; Chairman of Board of Stewards; Chairman, Building Com- 
mittee; Superintendent of Sunday School for past two years; Asso- 
ciate Lay Leader, Elkin District, 1940-1941; Lay Leader, 1942- 
1943; Associate Lay Leader of Thomasville; Secretary and Treas- 
urer of District Trustees and Member of the Location and Build- 
ing Committee. Government appeal agent World War IL Married 
Miss Laura Tabor, December 23, 1919. Children: B. C. Brock, Jr., 
Margaret Jo, Francis, John Tabor, James Moses, Richard Joe, 
William Laurie and Rufus Leo. Address: Mocksville, N. C. 



FRANK H. BROWN, JR. 

Frank H. Brown, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Jackson 
County, was born at Cullowhee, September 21, 1915. Son of Frank 
H. and Hattie (Norton) Brown. Attended Cullowhee High School, 
1928-1932; Western Carolina Teachers College, 1932-1935; Honor 
Graduate, N. C. State College, 1937, B.S. (Agriculture). Farmer. 
Member of Jackson County Farm Bureau, President, 1948-1949; 
Jackson County Farmers Cooperative, member Board of Directors, 
1948-1949. Member Jackson County Board of Education, 1947-1949. 



15 



450 North Carolina Manual 

Lieutenant in the U. S. Navy, May 1, 1942 to March 12, 1946. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1949. Methodist; Stew- 
ard, 1947-1948; 1948-1949. Married Miss Elsie W. Earp, July 31, 
1943. One son: Frank H. Brovv^n, III, born October 31, 1948. Ad- 
dress; Cullowhee, N. C. 

WADE E. BROWN 

Wade E. BroM^n, Democrat, Representative from Watauga Coun- 
ty, was born in Blowing Rock, N. C, November 5, 1907. Son of 
J. D. and Etta (Sudderth) Brown. Attended High School and 
Junior College at Mars Hill College, 1924-1928; LL.B. Degree, 
Wake Forest College, 1931. Lawyer. Member of the North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; President, 16th Judicial Bar, 1946-1947. 
Trustee, Appalachian State Teachers College, 1941. Mason. Lieu- 
tenant, U. S. Naval Reserve, May 25, 1944-March 9, 1946. Com- 
mander, Watauga Post No. 130 American Legion ; Charter member 
Mountaineer Post No. 7031 Veterans of Foreign Wars; Charter 
member, Boone Lions Club; President, 1934; Charter member, 
Boone Chamber of Commerce; President, 1935; Secretary 1936- 
1946; Charter member, Boone Merchants Association; Member of 
Watauga County Farm Bureau. Chairman, Watauga Hospital 
Board of Trustees. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1947. 
Baptist; Deacon; Member General Board, Baptist State Conven- 
tion, 1939-1942; Chairman, Executive Committee, Three Forks Bap- 
tist Church. Married Miss Gilma Baity, June 1, 1935. Two chil- 
dren: Margaret Rose and Wade Edward, Jr. Address: Boone, N. C. 

CHARLES KING BRYANT, SR. 

Charles King Bryant, Sr., Democrat, Representative from Gas- 
ton County, was born in Iredell County, April 25, 1894. Son of 
R. J. and Lydia C. (White) Bryant. Graduated from High School, 
1913; New York Electrical School, 1914-1916. Electrical Engi- 
neer and farmer. Member, American Institute of Electrical Engi- 
neers; National Industrial Service Association. Member, Gastonia 
Elks Club; Gastonia Rotary Club, Past President. Presbyterian. 
Married Miss Mary L. Miller, June 30, 1915. Five children: four 
boys, one girl; five grandchildren: four boys, one girl. Address: 
New Hope Road, Gastonia, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 451 

CHARLES THOMAS BRYSON 

Charles Thomas Bryson, Democrat, Representative from Macon 
County, was born in West Mill, N. C, March 7, 1894. Son of 
James L. and Fanny Bell (Mallonee) Bryson. Attended Cowee 
Hig-h School; International Business School, Scranton, Pa., 1920. 
Merchant. Reg:ister of Deeds, County Accountant and Tax Super- 
visor for Macon County, December, 1930 to 1938. Member Loyal 
Order of Moose, Governor; Mason. American Legion, Commander, 
American Legion Post. Pfc. World War I, October, 1917 to 1919. 
Baptist; Deaccn. Married Miss Mary Irene Higdon, February 23, 
1918. Two children: Mildred Bryson, Mrs. Sam Q. Ritchie. Ad- 
dress: Cullasaja, N. C. 



NOAH BURFOOT 

Noah Burfoot, Democrat, Representative from Pasquotank Coun- 
ty, was born in Elizabeth City, N. C, April 10, 1894. Son of Noah 
and Rennie (Aydlett) Burfoot. Attended Wilmer & Chew, Annap- 
olis, Md., 1911; U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md.; Wake For- 
est College; North Carolina State, June, 1917. President of Pas- 
quotank Hosiery Company, Elizabeth City, N. C. Member Board 
of County Commissioners, Pasquotank County, 1934-1946; Chair- 
man, 1936-1946. Kappa Alpha Fraternity. Delegate, Democratic 
National Convention, 1948. Member Board of Trustees, Albemarle 
Hospital, 1937 to present time. Mason; Red Men. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1949. Sgt. Major in the U. S. Armed 
Forces, 1917-1918. Methodist. Married Miss Harriet Glover, No- 
vember 5, 1919. Address: 301 Culpepper St., Elizabeth City, N. C. 



SHERMAN EVERETT BURGESS 

Sherinan Everett Burgess, Democrat, Representative from Cam- 
den County, was born in Old Trap, Camden County, N. C, Decem- 
ber 5, 1908. Son of Willie H. and Eva Bell (Leary) Burgess. At- 
tended Public Schools Camden County, 1914-1925. A.B., Duke Uni- 
versity, 1934. Taught in Public Schools of Camden County, 1932- 
1942. Farmer. Member Elizabeth City Rotary Club. Mason. Mem- 
ber Widows Son Lodge No. 75, Camden, N. C; Past Master 1942: 
District Deputy Grand Master, 1943-1944. New Bern Consistory 



452 North Carolina Manual 

No. 3; Sudan Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. of New Bern; Chairman, Cam- 
den County Chapter American Red Cross since 1937. Chairman, 
United War Fund Drive for Camden County, 1943 and 1944. Mem- 
ber, Camden County Draft Board, 1948-1950. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1945. Baptist. Sunday School Superin- 
tendent. Married Miss Lorraine Sawyer April 2, 1937. Three chil- 
dren: Everett Duke, age 11; David Sawyer, age 10; and Diane 
Burgess, age 6. Address: Belcross, N. C. 

.JETER C. BURLESON 

Jeter C. Burleson, Republican, Representative from Mitchell 
County was born in Bakersville, N. C, July 17, 1899. Son of Wil- 
liam Anderson and Hester Ledford Burleson. Attended Bakers- 
ville High School, 1913-1917; Appalachian State Teachers' College 
two years. Engaged in Insurance and Bonding. Owner and man- 
ager of The J. C. Burleson Lumber Co., Bakersville, N. C. Princi- 
pal, Glen Ayre Consolidated School for two years. Clerk, Superior 
Court, Mitchell County, 1922-1930; youngest clerk in State elected 
to that office. Chairman, Republican County Executive Committee, 
1928-1930. Served in Special Session of General Assembly, 1936, 
regular sessions 1937, 1939, 1943, and 1947. Membei', Bakersville 
Men's Club. Mason. Baptist. Married Miss Atta Rankin, 1925, 
Two sons : Bruce Eugene and William Anderson. Address : Bakers- 
ville, N. C. 

ROBERT MYRON CARR 

Robert Myron Carr, Democrat, Representative from Duplin 
County, was born near Rose Hill, N. C, December 10, 1900. Son of 
Solan Clarence and Susan Ann Carr. Graduated from Burgaw 
High School, 1918; Bowen's Business College, Columbia, S. C, 
September, 1919. Distributor Gulf Oil Products, Wallace, since 
March 12, 1927. Member Duplin County Board of Education since 
1934, Chairman for past fourteen years. Member Wallace Lodge 
No. 595 A.F. & A. M., Master, 1934; Junior Order United Ameri- 
can Mechanics. Presbyterian. Married Miss Lela Smith, Decem- 
ber 21, 1921. Three children: Christine, Margaret Ann, and Bobby. 
Address: Wallace, N. C. 



Bryant of Gaston 
Bryson of Macon 

Burfoot of Pasquotank 



lUirpress of Camden 
Burleson of Mitchell 
Carr of Duplin 



Clark of Bladen 
Clark of Lincoln 
Collier of Pamlico 



Combs of Tyrrell 

Crissman of Guilford 
Dalrymple of Lee 



Dawkins of Cumberland 

Bellinger of Gaston 

Dill of Carteret 



Doughton of Alleghany 

Duncan of Cherokee 

Edwards of Greene 




454 North Carolina Manual 

CLARENCE STEWART CLARK 

Clarence Stewart Clark, Democrat, Representative from Bladen 
County, was born in Clarkton, N. C, January 18, 1888, Son of 
Oscar Lee and Cora Lee (Withers) Clark. Attended Clarkton Male 
Institute, 1905; Davidson College, B.S. Degree, 1910. Merchant. 
Member, Kappa Sigma; Omicron Delta Kappa; Clarkton Rotary 
Club, President, 1942. City Clerk. Chairman, Local School Board, 
two years; Chairman, County School Board, two years; Chair- 
man, County Welfare Board, three years. Member Local Board 
No. 1 for duration. Chairman, three years. Presbyterian; mem- 
ber Session thirty-seven years; Trustee Presbyterian Junior Col- 
lege, two years; Regent, Barium Springs Orphanage, two years; 
Trustee, Flora Macdonald College, ten years. Married Miss Edna 
Reynard, December 30, 1911. Children: Mrs. John R. Ferguson; 
Charles S. Clark; Mrs. Robert S. Troy; Dorothy Clark. Address: 
Box 128, Clarkton, N. C. 



DAVID CLARK 

David Clark, Democrat, Representative from Lincoln County, 
was born in Lincolnton, N. C, July 4, 1922. Son of Thorne and 
Mabel (Gossett) Clark. Attended Lincolnton High School, 1935 to 
1939; Darlington School, 1939 to 1940; Washington and Lee Uni- 
versity, 1941 to January, 1943, 1946; University of North Caro- 
lina Law School. Lawyer. Member Phi Delta Phi; Phi Delta 
Theta; Knights of Pythias; V. F. W., Vice-Commander; Ameri- 
can Legion. Mason. Chairman, Lincoln County Red Cross, 1950. 
State Chairman, Americanism Committee of North Carolina. Mem- 
ber Junior Chamber of Commerce, State Chairman, 1950. First 
Lieut., Air Force, 1943 to 1946. Presbyterian. Address: Lincoln- 
ton, N. C. 



THEODORE JOSEPH COLLIER 

Theodore Joseph Collier, Democrat, Representative from Pam- 
lico County, was born in Wayne County, October 16, 1908. Son 
of Josiah and Matilda (Johnson) Collier. Attended Pikeville Ele- 
mentary and High School, 1914-1925; University of North Caro- 



Biographical Sketches 45I5 

Una, 1929, A.B. Degree. Lumber Manufacturer and Dealer in 
Building Supplies. Teacher and principal in Pamlico County 
Schools from 1930-1942; in Washington County, 1942-1945. Chair- 
man of Board of Directors, Craven-Pamlico Library Service. Ma- 
son. Member of Ruritan Club; Triangle Club. Sigma Phi Epsilon 
and Phi Beta Kappa Fraternities. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1949, Methodist; Steward; Member and Treasurer of 
Board of Trustees and Board of Directors of Camp Don-Lee, Inc.; 
Lay Leader. Married Miss Mildred Muse of Oriental, N. C, Oc- 
tober 25, 1930. Two children: Joseph, 10 years old, and Betsy, 5 
years old. Address: Arapahoe, N. C. 



LEWIS L. COMBS 

Lev/is L. Combs, Democrat, Representative from Tyrrell County, 
was born in Tyrrell County, September 23, 1909. Son of Benjamin 
B. and Estelle (Patrick) Combs. Attended Wake Forest College, 
B.S. Degree, 1933. Farmer. Mason. Shriner. Member Eastern 
Star. Baptist. Married Miss Dorothy Liverman, September 1, 
1935. Two children: Carol Ann, six years; Dorothy Lynn, four 
months. Address: Columbia, N. C. 



WALTER EDGAR CRISSMAN 

Walter Edgar Crissman, Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in Surry County, N. C, December 11, 1902. 
Son of Charles E. and Ollie (Huff) Crissman. Attended High 
Point High School and graduated in 1922. A.B., University North 
Carolina, 1926; University Law School. Lawyer. Member Ameri- 
can Bar Association; N. C. State Bar and High Point Bar Asso- 
ciations. State Councillor Junior Order United American Me- 
chanics 1947-1948 and 1950-1951; Member Masonic Order. Mem- 
ber Chi Psi Fraternity. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1945, 1947, and 1949. Baptist; Superintendent Sunday School 
since 1938. Married Miss Wilma Planzer, April 6, 1935. Address: 
High Point, N. C. 



456 North Carolina Manual 

ROBERT WATSON UALRYMPLE 

Robert Watson Dalrymple, Democrat, Representative from Lee 
County, was born near Sanford, N. C, June 16, 1922. Son of 
Thomas Clyde and Laura Eunice Dalrymple. Attended Broadway 
High School; N. C. State College, B.S. Degree in Agricultural 
Economics. Farmer. Member of Farm Bureau; American Legion; 
Past Commander of Post No. 347 ; Veterans of Foreign Wars. 
Member Board of Directors, Junior Chamber of Commerce at San- 
ford; Member Board of Directors of Broadway Lions Club; Secre- 
taiy, Young Democrats Club of Lee County. Mason. Sigma Chi 
Fraternity. Entered Military service July 5, 1943, placed on in- 
active duty Febiuary 27, 1947; First Lieut, in Marine Corps. Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly of 1949. Presbyterian; 
Teacher in Bible Class of Sunday School. Address : R.F.D., Jones- 
boro Heights Station, Sanford, N. C. 



JOHNNIE LEE DAWKINS 

Johnnie Lee Dawkins, Democrat, Representative from Cumber- 
land County was born in Troy, N. C, March 4, 1908. Son of Frank 
Garrett and Margaret McDonald (Hamilton) Dawkins. Attended 
Campbell College; Kings Business College. Lumberman. Member 
State Hospitals Board of Control; Knights of Pythias; Moose 
Club, Lodge No. 1339; Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
Lodge No. 1081. Member, Board of Control of State Exchange 
Club, 1946-1947; Treasurer, 1947-1948; Vice-President. 1948-1949; 
President, 1949-1950. President of Fayetteville Exchange Club, 
1944-1946. President of the Fayetteville Deacon's Club, 1947-1950. 
Baptist; President, C. Parker Poole Bible Class, 1950-1951. Mar- 
ried Miss Lucille Allen, December 30, 1933. Three sons: J. L., Jr., 
age 15, Edward, age 11, Robert, age 9. Address: 114 North King 
Street, Fayetteville, N. C. 



DAVID P. DELLINGER 

David P. Dellinger, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in that county. Son of John C. and Barbara 
(Glenn) Dellinger, a relative of the late Governor Robert B. Glenn. 



Biographical Sketches 457 

Attended the public schools and Sylvanus Erwin Normal Insti- 
tute, Waco, N. C, 1893-1896; Rutherford College (Old), 1897-1899, 
A.B. Degree; University of Noi'th Carolina Law School, 1900. 
Licensed by the Supreme Court, September, 1900. Lawyer. Deliv- 
ered Alumni Address, Rutherford College, commencement, 1912 
and again in 1926. Mayor of Cherryville, 1901-1902, and 1933- 
1935. City Attorney, 1900-1935. Clerk to Committee on Finance, 
1909. Executive Vice-President Rhyne-Houser Manufacturing 
Company; Local Counsel Seaboard Air Line Railway since 1913. 
Representative in the General Assembly of the extra session, 1912 
and regular sessions of 1913, 1925, 1937, 1943, 1945 and 1947. 
Reading Clerk in House of Representatives, 1915, 1917, 1919, 1921, 
1923, and 1927. Chairman, Committee on Insurance, 1925. Chair- 
man, Committee on Propositions and Grievances, 1937. Masonic 
Lodge life member; Royal Arch Mason; Knights Templar; Oasis 
Temple Shrine; Scottish Rite; Thirty-third Degree Mason; Re- 
ceived Thirty-third Degree in Masonry with Harry S. Truman as 
active candidate; Inspector General Honorary; Past Chancellor 
Commander, Knights of Pythias; D.O.K.K.; Junior Order United 
American Mechanics; Improved Order of Red Men; Member all 
Scottish Rite Bodies. Served Cherryville Masonic Lodge over 
twenty-five years as Master; Past District Deputy Grand Master, 
28th District. Past Grand Representative of the Grand Lodge of 
Arizona, twelve years. Baptist; Sunday School Superintendent 
twenty years; Organizer and Clerk, Gaston County Baptist Asso- 
ciation of fifty-nine churches and 21,000 members; Clerk of Asso- 
ciation, twenty-five years. Married Miss Grace Abernethy of Ruth- 
erford College in 1903. One daughter: Mrs. Howard Hamrick of 
New Orleans, La. One grandchild. Address: Chei'ryville, N. C. 



GEORGE W. DILL, JR. 

George W. Dill, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Carteret 
County, was born in Morehead City, N. C, son of George W. and 
Susan (Davis) Dill. Attended University of North Carolina, 1926, 
Ph.G.; American Academy of Embalming 1935; Giaduate Em- 
balmer. Funeral Director. Member N. C. Funeral Directors' Asso- 
ciation; National Funeral Directors' Association; Morehead City 
Rotary Club, President, 1949. Mayor of Morehead City since 1947. 



458 North Carolina Manual 

Member Ocean Lodge No. 405, Ancient Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons; Sudan Temple; Morehead-Beaufort Lodge Benevolent and 
Protective Order Elks. Methodist; Superintendent Intermediate 
Department since 1948; Vice Chairman, Board of Stewards, 1951. 
Married Miss Mary Leigh Sheep, October 19, 1940. Children: 
Susan Elizabeth and George Leigh Dill. Address: 1104 Arendell 
Street, Morehead City, N. C. , 

JAMES KEMP DOUGHTON 

James Kemp Doughton, Democrat, Representative from Alle- 
ghany County, v^^as born at Sparta, N. C, May 18, 1884. Son of 
Rufus A. and Sue (Parks) Doughton. Attended Oak Ridge Insti- 
tute and University of North Carolina. Farmer. Formerly bank 
official; State and National Bank Examiner; Manager Richmond 
Agency Reconstruction Finance Corporation; General Agent and 
Chairman Board Farm Credit Administration, Baltimore. Repre- 
sentative in General Assembly of 1949. Methodist. First marriage 
to Miss Josephine Brown of Raleigh, N. C. Three children. Sec- 
ond marriage to Miss Ivy G. Doughton of Laurel Springs. Ad- 
dress: Sparta, N. C. 

JAMES HARALSON DUNCAN 

James Haralson Duncan, Democrat, Representative from Chero- 
kee County, was born at Clayton, Georgia, August 10, 1914. Son 
of Haralson Earl and Rachel (Justus) Duncan. Attended Rabun 
County High School, Georgia, 1919-1930. Wholesale Dealer in Pe- 
troleum Products. Member of Cherokee Lodge No. 146 Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, Master, 1947 and 1948. Storekeeper 
3rd Class, United States Naval Reserve; enlisted March 11, 1944, 
discharged, August 8, 1945. Representative in the General Assem- 
bly of 1949. Baptist. Married Miss Maude Virginia Burleson, 
April 21, 1935. Children: Two sons. Address: Murphy, N. C. 

ALONZO CLAY EDWARDS 

Alonzo Clay Edwards, Democrat, Representative from Greene 
County, was born at Hookerton, N. C, September 29, 1904. Son 
of Dr. G. C. and Catherine (Herman) Edwards. Attended schools 



Biographical Sketches 459 

of Hookerton, 1910-1921; Trinity College, 1921-1924. Farmer. 
Member Greene County Agricultural Adjustment Administration 
Committee 1935-1940; Chairman, 1938-1940; North Carolina Farm 
Bureau State Membership Chairman 1942-1948 and Member of 
State Executive Committee 1937-1951. Representative from North 
Carolina to the National Farm Bureau Convention 1938, 1945, 
1946, 1947, 1948, and 1950; President North Carolina Farm Bu- 
reau 1949-1950. Director, Peanut Growers Cooperative 1942-1951. 
Director Coastal Plain Soil Conservation District 1942-1951; Presi- 
dent, North Carolina Association of Soil Conservation District Su- 
pervisors, 1946; Commissioner, Town of Hookerton 1931-1940 
Chairman United War Fund for Greene County 1943, 1944, 1945 
Mason: Jerusalem Lodge No. 95. A.F. & A.M., Knights Templar 
Royal Arch Masons: Sudan Temple, A.A.O.N.M. Shrine; Junior 
Order United American Mechanics; Trustee, Jr. 0. U. A. M. Chil- 
dren's Home, Lexington, N. C, 1941-1951; State Councilor, 1944- 
1945; National Representative, Jr. O.U.A.M., 1945-1949; B. P. O. 
of Elks; Lambda Chi Alpha; State Board of Education 1943-1948; 
Member N. C. Advisory Budget Commission, 1949-1950; Member 
Board of Awards, 1949-1950; Representative in the General Assem- 
bly of 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, and 1949. Methodist; Steward, 
1928-1951, Charge Lay Leader Hookerton Circuit, 1935-1951; Sun- 
day School Superintendent, 1942-1951. Married Miss Bettie Hardy 
Taylor, February 20, 1935. One son, Alonzo Clay Edwards, Jr. 
Address : Hookerton, N. C. 



HERMAN VANCE EDWARDS 

Herman Vance Edwards, Democrat, Representative from Swain 
County, was born in Asheville, N. C, December 11, 1919. Son of 
McKinley and Annie Mae (Angel) Edwards. Attended Swain 
County Public Schools, 1926-1937; Mars Hill Junior College, 1937- 
1939; Law School of Wake Forest College, 1939-1941, 1944-1945, 
LL.B. Degree, 1945. Lawyer. Member, Twentieth Judicial District 
Bar Association, Secretary-Treasurer, 1947 to present; Member 
N. C. State Bar. Member, Bryson City School Committee, 1949- 
1950. Attorney for the Town of Bryson City. Government Appeal 
Agent, North Carolina Local Board No. 88, August 19, 1948 to 
present time. Member, American Legion; Commander, Post No. 



460 North Carolina Manual 

191, 1947. Served in the United States Navy, S/2c, 1943-1944. 
Baptist. Married. One son: Herman Bruce Edwards. Address: 
Bryson City, N. C. 

WILLIAM P. ELLIOTT 

William P. Elliott, Democrat, Representative from McDowell 
County, was born in that County on October 17, 1900. Son of 
Champ David and Mary (McCormick) Elliott. Manufacturer. 
Member, Board of Marion City Schools, N. C. School for the Deaf 
at Morganton, N. C. Textile School at Belmont, N. C. Sergeant, 
State Guard, 1943-1945. Member Kiwanis Club. Presbyterian; 
Elder. Married Miss Emma Hensley, August 10, 1918. Seven chil- 
dren. Address: Box 568, Marion, N. C. 

ROBERT BRUCE ETHERIDGE 

Robert Bruce Etheridge, Democrat, Representative from Dare 
County, was born at Manteo, July 31, 1878. Son of Van Buren and 
Matilda Etheridge. Attended public schools of Manteo and Atlan- 
tic Collegiate Institute, Elizabeth City; A.B. Trinity College (now 
Duke University) 1899. Cashier Bank of Manteo 1907-1933. Gen- 
eral Insurance. Clerk Superior Court, Dare County; Superintend- 
ent of Schools; Member State Executive Committee 1928-1950; 
Postmaster, Manteo 1914-1922; County Chairman Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee. State Senator from Second District 1907. Rep- 
resentative in General Assembly 1903, 1905, 1929, 1931, and 1933. 
Director Department of Conservation and Development 1933 to 
May, 1949. Member New York World's Fair Commission. Chair- 
man Ex-officio Cape Hatteras National Seashore Commission. Ma- 
son, Treasurer Masonic Lodge twelve years; Junior Order; Wood- 
m.en of America; Red Men; Kappa Sigma (college fraternity). 
Married Miss Elizabeth Webb, April 22, 1908. Address: Man- 
teo, N. C. 

BAYARD THURMAN FALLS, JR. 

Bayard Thurman Falls, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Cleveland County, was born at Shelby, N. C, September 14, 1911. 



Edwards of Swain 
Elliott of McDowell 
Etheridge of Dare 



Falls of Cleveland 
Fields of Avery 

Fisher of Cumberland 



Fisher of Transylvania 
Floyd of Robeson 

Fountain of Edgecombe 



Gentry of Ashe 
Gobble of Forsyth 
Goodman of Stanly 



Greene of Hoke 

Gregory of Harnett 
Gudger of Buncombe 



Hardison of Craven 

Henderson of Mecklenburg 
Hewlett of New Hanover 




462 North Carolina Manual 

Son of B. T. and Selma E. Falls. Attended Shelby Public Schools, 
1917-1929; LL.B., Wake Forest College, 1939. Lawyer. Member 
North Carolina State Bar. Gamma Eta Gamma, Law Fraternity. 
President Shelby Junior Chamber of Commerce. Charter member 
Shelby Lodge No. 1709 B.P.O.E. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1943 and 1949. Episcopalian. Married Miss Sara 
Hines, Novefiiber 12, 1938. Two children: Betsy Falls, age 8, 
Selma Falls, age 4. Address: Shelby, N. C. 

WILLARD RAYMON FIELDS 

Willard Raymon Fields, Republican, Representative from Avery 
County, was born in Shell Creek, Tennessee, June 3, 1899. Son of 
Jason A. and Nancy L. (Winters) Fields. Attended High Schools 
of Elk Park, N. C. and Johnson City, Tenn., graduating in 1918; 
State Teachers College, Johnson City, Tenn.; Catawba College, 
Salisbury, N. C; Appalachian State Teachers College, Boone, N. C, 
1938; post graduate work. University of North Carolina, 1942. 
Avery County Accountant. Teacher in Public Schools of this State 
for twenty-three years. Mason. Member Cranberry Lodge, No. 
598, A.F. &A.M.; R. D. Keller Chapter No. 214, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, Elizabethton, Tenn.; Holston Council No. 101, Royal and 
Select Masters; Past Patron, Order Eastern Star; Junior Order 
United American Mechanics. County Chairman of American Red 
Cross. Representative in the General Assembly of 1945 and 1947. 
Latter Day Saint. Married Miss Minnie F. Estes, 1920. Four chil- 
dren: Mrs. Beatrice Fields Greer, Willard R. Fields, Jr., killed in 
North Africa, 1942, Tellis J. and Carrol Faye Fields. Address: 
Elk Park, N. C. 



RALPH RUDOLPH FISHER 

Ralph Rudolph Fisher, Republican, Representative from Tran- 
sylvania County, was born at Greenville, S. C, February 3, 1892. 
Son of Dr. W. C. and Rhoda Emma (Walker) Fisher. Attended 
Columbus Institute, 1903-1904; Furman Fitting School, Greenville, 
S. C, 1909-1910; Mars Hill College, 1910-1914; Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1917. Lawyer. President, Brevard Chamber of Commerce, 



Biographical Sketches 463 

1941. Served in World War I, 1917-1919. Past Commander Munroe 
Wilson Post 88, American Legion. Dept. Membership Chairmen, 
1949-1950; Delegate to National Convention at Omaha, Neb., 1943. 
Fifth Division Commander, 1949-1950. Noble Grande in Odd Fel- 
lows; Council Commander, Woodmen of the World. Chairman, Re- 
publican County Executive Committee; Delegate to Republican 
National Convention at Philadelphia, 1940. Representative in Gen- 
eral Assembly, Regular Session, 1921; Special Session, 1922; 
Regular Session, 1945 and 1949. Member of First Baptist Church, 
Brevard. Married Miss Thelma Richardson, of Marion, Va., Jan- 
uary 31, 1923. Address: Brevard, N. C. 

TROY ANCIL FISHER 

Troy Ancil Fisher, Representative from Cumberland County, 
was born in Cumberland County, December 12, 1909. Son of W. L. 
and Rosa Belle (Allen) Fisher. Attended Cedar Creek School and 
Stedman High School, 1916-1928. Farmer. Member of North Caro- 
lina Farm Bureau; President of Cumberland County Farm Bu- 
reau; Member of Board of Directors North Carolina Farm Bu- 
reau; A. A. A. Committeeman, 1940-1948. Member of Woodmen 
of the World. Representative in the General Assembly of 1949. 
Baptist; Member of Board of Trustees since 1946. Married Miss 
Bertha Miller, January 21, 1940. Four daughters: Nancy Rose 
Fisher, age 10; Mary Ancil Fisher, age 7; Helen Troy Fisher, age 
5; Bertha Sue Fisher, age 3; one son, William L. Fisher, age 2. 
Address: Route 5, Fayetteville, N. C. 

FRANCIS WAYLAND FLOYD 

Francis Wayland Floyd, Democrat, Representative from Robeson 
County, was born at Lumberton, N. C, May 23, 1904. Son of Fran- 
cis A, and Nora Mae (Lewis) Floyd. Attended Fairmont High 
School, 1918-1922; Wake Forest College; Wake Forest Law School. 
Attorney at Law and farmer. Member of N. C. State Bar; Ninth 
Judicial District Bar Association; Robeson County Bar Associa- 
tion. Solicitor, Robeson County Recorder's Court, 1936-1940 and 
1944-1948. Member Fairmont Civitan Club, Past President; Past 



464 North Carolina Manual 

Lieut. Governor of N. C. District Civitan International; W. O. W. ; 
Mason, Fairmont Lodge, No. 528, A. F. & A. M.; Scottish Rite Ma- 
son; Sudan Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. Shrine. Lt., Infantry, N. C. 
SG; Past President of Fairmont Merchants' Association. Attorney 
foi Town of Fairmont, 1936-1946. Representative in General 
Assembly in 1949. Baptist. Married Miss Meddie Thompson, July 
5, 1926. Two sons: Robert Francis Floyd, and Edwin Oliver Floyd. 
Address: Fairmont, N. C. 

BEN.JAMIN EAGLES FOUNTAIN 

Benjamin Eagles Fountain, Democrat, Representative from 
Edgecombe County, was born in that county, January 17, 1897. 
Son of Almon L. and Louisa (Eagles) Fountain. Attended Edge- 
combe County Schools; Tarboro High School; John Graham Pre- 
paratory School, Warrenton, 1915-1917; University North Caro- 
lina, 1917-1918; Law School, 1921-1923. Lawyer, farmer, realtor. 
Member Rocky Mount and N. C. Bar Associations. Member Board 
of Trustees, Rocky Mount City Schools, 1934 to 1947; Trustee of 
Greater University of N. C; Government Appeal Agent, Local 
Draft Board No. 2, Edgecombe County, 1940-1942. Served in U. S. 
Navy, 1918; member American Legion; Commander Coleman Pitt 
Post, 1927-1928. Presbyterian; Deacon since 1937; Chairman Board 
of Deacons 1941-1942. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1943, 1945, 1947, and 1949. Married Miss Emmie Jane Green of 
Fountain Inn, S. C, June 14, 1928. Children: Benjamin Eagles, 
Jr., Arthur Green and Jane Bryson. Address: Rocky Mount, N. C. 

' TODD H. GENTRY 

Todd H. Gentry, Democrat, Representative from Ashe County, 
was born in Ashe County, April 23, 1912. Son of J. B. and Leora 
(Trivett) Gentry. Graduated from West Jefferson High School, 
1932; attended Lees McRae College. Secretary-Treasurer of Oak 
Flooring Company, Inc., West Jefferson, N. C. Member of Ashe 
County Chamber of Commerce. Elk. Mason. Shriner. Vice-Presi- 
dent of Jefferson Rotary Club. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1949. Chairman of the Ashe County Democratic Exec- 



Biographical Sketches 465 

utive Committee. Methodist; Steward, Charge Lay Leader. Mar- 
ried Nina Houck September 1, 1934. Children: Tony, Diane and 
Sara. Address: West Jefferson, N. C. 

FLEETUS LEE GOBBLE 

Fleetus Lee Gobble, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Davidson County, N. C, January 1, 1891. Son 
of John H. and Frances (Foster) Gobble. Attended Public Schools 
Davidson County 1897-1910. Entered Atlanta Barber College Janu- 
ary 2, 1911 and completed course. Barber. Barber and Beauty 
School Operator. Member Associated Master Barbers of America; 
President State Association Master Barbers 1934-1935. Member 
Educational and Legislative Committee since 1935. Member Wil- 
son Democratic Club. Member of Chamber of Commei'ce. Member 
House of Representatives 1941, 1943, 1945, and 1949. Methodist. 
Treasurer 1926-1928; President Men's Bible Class 1925-1926; 
Board of Stewards 1925-1932. Married Miss Blanche Evans. Three 
children: Juanita, Dr. Fleetus L., Jr., and James F. Address: 
Route 4, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

SPENCER BROWN GOODMAN 

Spencer Brown Goodman, Republican, Representative from Stan- 
ly County, was born in Richfield, N. C, October 22, 1917. Son of 
L. Q. and Nora (Brown) Goodman. Attended Davidson College, 
B.S. Degree, 1938. Farmer and businessman. Captain in the 
Armed Forces, January, 1942 to February, 1946. Now Major ORC 
with 318 TC Trk Bn., Albemarle, N. C. Methodist. Steward, Rich- 
field Methodist Church. Married Miss Sara Moss Goodman, No- 
vember 30, 1939. One daughter: Vicky Brown Goodman. Address: 
Richfield, N. C. 

HARRY ALEXANDER GREENE 

Harry Alexander Greene, Democrat, Representative from Hoke 
County, was born in Rock Hill, S. C, March 11, 1898. Son of 
James Alfred, Sr., and Mabel (Andrews) Greene. Fertilizer and 



466 North Carolina Manual 

cotton dealer. Coroner, Hoke County, 1945-1946. Thirty-second 
Degree Mason; Shriner, Sudan Temple. Trustee, Greater Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1949 to present. Member, North Carolina 
Wildlife Resources Commission, 1947-1950. Sergeant, 1917-1919 in 
the Army of the U. S.; First Lt., N .C. National Guard, 1923-1929. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Presby- 
terian, Deacon, 1942 to present. Married Miss Hazel Hatsell, Au- 
gust 14, 1937. Tvi^o children: Frances Ward Greene and James 
Worthy Greene. Address: Raeford, N. C. 

CARSON GREGORY 

Carson Gregory, Democrat, Representative from Harnett Coun- 
ty, was born in that County, August 11, 1911. Son of Alex and 
Carra (Parrish) Gregory. Attended Campbell College, one year. 
Farmer and dairyman. County Commissioner of Harnett County 
from December, 1948 to December, 1950. Member, Woodmen of the 
World, J. 0. U. A. M. Mason. Married Miss Blanche Williams, 
November 4, 1939. Three children: Carson Gregory, Jr.; Joe 
Gregory; Frances Gregory. Address, Rt. 2, Angier, N. C. 

LAMAR GUDGER 

Lamar Gudger, Democrat, Representative from Buncombe Coun- 
ty, was born in Asheville, N. C, April 30, 1919. Son of Vonno L. 
and Elizabeth (Wilson) Gudger. Attended Asheville City Schools; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 1940; University of North 
Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1942. Attorney at Law. Member, 
American Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; Buncombe County 
Bar Association. Associate Editor in Chief, N. C. Law Review, 
University of North Carolina. U. S. Commissioner, Western Dis- 
trict of North Carolina. Member, Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; 
Asheville Civitan Club. Captain, U. S. Army Air Force; active 
duty, September, 1942 to September, 1945; Navigator 8th Air 
Force, flying thirty missions. Methodist; Member Board of Stew- 
ards, 1947-1950. Married Miss Eugenia Reid of Dobson, N. C, 
October 25, 1947. Address: Beverly Apartments, Asheville, N. C, 



Biographical Sketches 467 

BURL GARLAND HARBISON 

Burl Garland Hardison, Democrat, Representative from Craven 
County, was born in that County, November 14, 1901. Son of L. H. 
and Debbie (Herring) Hardison. Attended Craven County Schools. 
Farmer and Merchant. Member Craven County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, 1928-1938. State Gasoline Inspector, 1937-1943. 
Representative from Craven County in the General Assembly of 
1945, 1947, and 1949. Mason. Member, Ionic Lodge No. 583; Sudan 
Temple, A.A.O.N. Mystic Shrine at New Bern, N. C. Member, 
Christian Church; Deacon. Married Miss Lillie Franks Hardison, 
January 22, 1922. Two children: Burl D. Hardison and Fannie 
Louise Hardison Duncan. Address: New Bern, N. C, Route 2. 



DAVID H. HENDERSON 

David H. Henderson, Democrat, Representative from Mecklen- 
burg County, was born in New Bern, N. C, October 31, 1914. Son 
of D. E. and Mattie Jane (Jenkins) Henderson. Attended Central 
High School, Class 1931; Duke University, A.B. Degree; Duke 
University Law School, LL.B. Degree, 1937. Attorney at Law. 
Member North Carolina and Mecklenburg Bar Associations. Assist- 
ant Solicitor Mecklenburg County Recorder's Court, 1940-1941. 
Member Woodmen of the World, Consul Commander Hornet's Nest 
Post, 1940. Member, Charlotte Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
President, 1939; American Legion, First Commander Independ- 
ence Post, 1947. Inducted at Fort Bragg as Private, 1941; dis- 
charged as Major, Air Force, October, 1945. Methodist; Teacher, 
Young People's Department. Married Miss Maxine Elizabeth 
Pusey, September 12, 1942. Three children: Shepard Henderson, 
age 7; Anne Henderson, age 3; David Lawrence Henderson, age 
3 months. Address: 223 Law Building, Charlotte, N. C. 



ADDISON HEWLETT, JR. 

Addison Hewlett, Jr., Democrat, Representative from New Han- 
over County, was born at Masonboro Sound, Wilmington, N. C, 
May 4, 1912. Son of Addison, Sr. and Ethel (Herring) Hewlett. 
Attended Masonboro Elementary School, 1918-1924; New Hanover 



468 North Carolina Manual 

High School, Wihiiington, 1924-1929; Wake Forest College, B.S., 
1933; Wake Forest Law School, 1933-1934. Attorney at Law. Mem- 
ber, New Hanover County Bar Association; President, 1948; North 
Carolina Bar Association. Member, Improved Order of Red Men, 
Sachem of Cherokee Tribe No. 5, 1937; Wilmington Civitan Club, 
President, 1941 ; American Legion, Commander of Wilmington 
Post No. 10, 1948. Trustee of Wake Forest College, 1950. Entered 
Army as private, June 12, 1942; separated as Captain, March 11, 
1946. Baptist. Married Miss Annie Crockett Williams, June 19, 
1939. One son: Theodore Herring Hewlett. Address: 12 Borden 
Avenue, Wilmington, N. C. 

CARROLL RANSOM HOLMES 

Carroll Ransom Holmes, Democrat, Representative from Perqui- 
mans County, was born in Benson, N. C, August 6, 1902. Son of 
John William and Emily Wilmouth (Britt) Holmes. Attended Fork 
Union Military Academy, 1921-1922; Wake Forest College, B.S., 
Civics, 1926; University of North Carolina Law School, 1926-1928. 
Attorney at Law. Member, N. C. State Bar. Prosecuting Attor- 
ney, Perquimans County Recorder's Court, 1943-1944. Member, 
Perquimans Lodge, A. F. & A. M. No. 106, Jr. and Sr. Warden and 
Secretary; York Rite Masonic Bodies, Elizabeth City, N. C. Bap- 
tist; Chairman, Board of Deacons, 1949, 1950, 1951. Married Miss 
Hannah Mae Fleetwood, June 12, 1929. One daughter, Catherine 
Anne; one son, John W., IIL Address: Hertford, N. C. 

BENJAMIN ALEXANDER HORNE 

Benjamin Alexander Home, Democrat, Representative from 
Union County, was born in Monroe, N. C, September 8, 1903. Son 
of Benjamin Alexander, Sr. and Mamie (Flake) Home. Attended 
public schools Union County 1910-1918; The Bairds School for 
Boys, Charlotte, N. C, 1919-1922; North Carolina State College, 
1922-1926, B.S. Degree, 1926. Farmer. Member, Farm Bureau of 
North Carolina, Union County, Vice-President. Delegate to the 
National Convention of the Farm Bureau. Member, The Execu- 
tives Club of Monroe, Director, 1949 and 1950; The Lions Club of 



Holmes of Perquimans 

Home of Union 
Horton of Burke 



Ireland of Yadkin 

Johnson of Currituck 
Kilpatrick of Pitt 



King of Forsyth 

Kirkman of Guilford 
Kiser of Laurinburg 



Lassiter of Mecklenburg 
Leinbach of Catawba 
Little of Alexander 



Little of Anson 
Long of Alamance 
Love of Buncombe 



Maddrey of Hertford 
Marshall of Stokes 
Massey of Graham 




470 North Carolina Manual 

Monroe, Vice-President, 1949-1950. Member, Board of Supervisors 
for tlie Brown Creek Soil Conservation District for past three 
years. Member of the Shiloh Public School Committee since 1943. 
First Lieutenant, Officers' Reserve Corps, 1926-1942. Baptist. Ad- 
dress: Rt. 6, Monroe, N. C. 



OSSIE LEE HORTON 

Ossie Lee Horton, Democrat, Representative from Burke County, 
was born in Chatham County, N. C, December 15, 1900. Son of 
Willis G. and Nettie Bernice (Watts) Horton. Attended Bonlee 
High School 1918-1922; Wake Forest College, 1922-1926— LL.B. 
Degi-ee. Lawyer. Member Burke County Bar Association and 
N. C. State Bar. Attorney for the Town of Valdese 1948-1949. 
Member Morganton Lions Club since 1929, Past President, Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Clubs West, 1933-1934. Member Catawba Valley 
Masonic Lodge, Past Master. Member, Chamber of Commerce. So- 
licitor Burke County Criminal Court, 1930-1933; Judge 1937-1940; 
Chairman Burke County Board of Elections 1934-1937. 1940-1944; 
County Attorney, 1940-1945. Senator from the Twenty-eighth Sen- 
atorial District in the General Assembly of 1945. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1949. Methodist. Married Miss Mozelle 
Kibler, June 14, 1930. Address: Morganton, N. C. 



WILLIAM NELSON IRELAND 

William Nelson Ireland, Republican, Representative from Yad- 
kin County, was born in Hamptonville, N. C, November 25, 1905. 
Son of William Nehemiah and Mary (Johnson) Ireland. Attended 
Hamptonville Public School, 1912-1920; Mountain Park High 
School, 1921-1924; Duke University, 1929, B.A. Degree. Insurance 
Agency. Member, United Club of the United Benefit Life Insur- 
ance Company, 1946; Member, 400 Club of the Mutual Benefit, 
Health and Accident Association, 1948. Mason. Baptist; Clerk of 
the Yadkin Baptist Association, 1935; Vice-Moderator, 1950, 1951. 
Married Miss Jessie Brandon, 1931. One child: Barbara Ann Ire- 
land. Address: Hamptonville, N. C, 



Biographical Sketches 471 

EDWIN R. JOHNSON 

Edwin R. Johnson, Democrat, Representative from Currituck 
County, was born near Currituck Court House, September 10, 1868. 
Son of Silas P. and Carolina (Coulter) Johnson. Attended public 
school and Atlantic Collegiate Institute of Elizabeth City. Mer- 
chant. Chairman County Democratic Executive Committee, 1893- 
1937. Member State Senate, 1909, 1917; Representative in the 
General Assemblies of 1919, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1929, 1931, 1937, 
and 1949. Chairman Board of County Commissioners, 1907-1909; 
former Chairman Board of Education. Food Administrator for 
Currituck County during World War I. Chairman Highway Com- 
mission, 1923-1924; Chairman Game Commission, 1923-1924. Mar- 
ried Mrs. Genevieve Holloman, 1910. Address : Curi-ituck, N. C. 



FRANK MARION KILPATRICK 

Frank Marion Kilpatrick, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Grifton, North Carolina, 1891. Son of Frank 
Marion and Emma (Wilson) Kilpatrick. Attended public school 
in Grifton until 1908; Johnson Bible College, Knoxville, Tennessee 
1909-1910; Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, Virginia, 1911-1912; 
Graduate of Southern Shoi'thand and Business College of Virginia, 
1913. Farmer and Realtor. Served on Pitt County A. A. A. Com- 
mittee for about ten years. Past president of Pitt County Farm 
Bureau ; Member of Pitt County Executive Committee since 1936. 
Member of Ayden Rotary Club since 1930; President of Rotary 
Club 1940; Elected Delegate to Rotary International, Havana, 
Cuba in 1940. Counselor of Junior Order; Thirty-second Degree 
Mason; Member of Ayden Lodge No. 498, A. F. & A. M.; Member 
of New Bern Consistory No. 3; Scottish Rite Masonry; Sudan 
Temple, A. A. 0. N. Mystic Shrine, New Bern, North Carolina. 
Charter member of Pitt County Executive Club; Member of Pitt 
County Highway Commission for several years prior to the time 
the State took it over; Member of Board of County Commissioners 
1936-1940; Member of Town Aldermen of Ayden 1940-1946; Mem- 
ber of Pitt County Democratic Executive Committee since 1936; 
Member of State Board of Control of Mental Institutions; Member 



472 North Carolina Manual 

of Alcoholic Re-habilitation. Member of State Board for extending: 
fire protection to rural sections. Representative in the General 
Assembly 1947 and 1949. Member of Ayden Christian Church; 
Deacon for about 15 years. Married Miss Irma Cannon, Decem- 
ber 25, 1923. Two children: Frank Kilpatrick, Jr., Ayden, N. C, 
and Mrs. R. O. Creech, Jr., La Grangfe, N. C. Address: Ayden, 
N. C. 



JOSEPH WALLACE KING 

Joseph Wallace King, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Henry County, Va., May 11, 1912. Son of 
Joseph Wallace and Annie Gordon (Staples) King. Attended Rey- 
nolds High School, 1928-1932; Corcoran School of Art, Washing- 
ton, D. C. Portrait Painter. Member Chamber of Commerce. 
Author of "Blood, Thunder N' Kathryn" (Musical Folklore). Bap- 
tist; Chairman of Recreation Committee, First Baptist Church. 
Married Miss Earline Heath, March 4, 1930. Address: 2708 Robin 
Hood Road, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

OSCAR ARTHUR KIRKMAN 

Oscar Arthur Kirkman, Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in High Point, N. C, April 16, 1900. Son 
of Oscar Arthur, Sr., and Lulu Blanche (Hammer) Kirkman. 
Attended Public Schools of High Point, graduating in 1918; Uni- 
versity of Virginia, B.S., 1923; University of Virginia, M.S., 1924; 
one year of law at the University of Virginia, 1924-1925; two 
years of law, Oxford University (England) 1926-1928. Admitted 
to North Carolina Bar, 1929. Executive Vice-President and Gen- 
eral Manager High Point, Thomasville & Denton Railroad Com- 
pany of High Point, N. C. President, Atlantic B. and L. Associa- 
tion, High Point, since 1937; Director Southern Furniture Expo- 
sition Building, High Point; Regional Vice-President and Direc- 
tor, American Short Line Railroad Association, Washington, D. C, 
since 1930. Member Board of School Commissioners. High Point, 
1932-1939; Guilford County Board of Public Welfare, 1938-1939; 
Board of Trustees of Winston-Salem Teachers College, three terms. 
Mayor, City of High Point, 1939-1943; Councilman, 1945-Decem- 



Biographical Sketches 473 

ber 27, 1948. Federal Operating Manager, railroads of Puerto Rico 
on special assignment from the Office of Emergency Management, 
1943-1944. Teacher of Spanish, three years University of Vir- 
ginia ; Business Law, High Point College, one year. Member of 
Elks; Masons; Woodmen of the World; Royal Arcanum; Private 
U. S. Army, 1918; American Legion, Adjutant in the 20's; Alpha 
Kappa Psi Fraternity. National President, Alpha Kappa Psi, 
(Commerce and Business Administration Fraternity), Indianap- 
olis, Indiana, 1929-1933; Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1949. Methodist; Member of Board of Stewards, 1929-1947. 
Married Miss Katharine Morgan of Salisbury, N. C, March 10, 
1933. Children: Larkin, age 13; Caroline, age 11; John, age 9; 
Susan, age 2y2 years. Address: 501 West High Street, High 
Point, N. C. 



ROGER CLINTON RISER 

Roger Clinton Kiser, Democrat, Representative from Scotland 
County, was born in Yadkin Township, Stokes County, August 30, 
1894. Son of Edwin Kiser and Amy Florence (Butner) Kiser. At- 
tended public and private schools in Stokes County; Piedmont 
High School, Cleveland County; Guilford College; University of 
North Carolina; Teachers College of Columbia University. Teacher 
or principal for twenty years in North Carolina Schools. Fai-mer. 
Member Scotland County Farmers' Club, Aberdeen Tobacco Board 
of Trade, American Farm Bureau Federation, Rotary Interna- 
tional, American Legion. Organized and commanded Company "H" 
5th Development Battalion, Camp McArthur, Waco, Texas, World 
War I. Mason. Representative in the General Assembly of 1949. 
Member Christian Church. Married Miss Gertrude Margaret Be- 
dell, Ridgewood, N. J., August 14, 1926. Two children: Dorothy 
May Kiser, student, Guilford College; Edwin Marten Kiser. Ad- 
dress: 318 Vance St., Laurinburg, N. C. 

ROBERT LASSITER, JR. 

Robert Lassiter, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Mecklen- 
burg County, was born at Charlotte, N. C, January 30, 1912. Son 
of Robert and Daisy (Hanes) Lassiter. Attended Woodberry For- 



474 North Carolina Manual 

est, 1925-1930; Yale University, A.B., 1934; Harvard Law School, 
LL.B., 1938. Attorney. Lieutenant Commander, United States 
Navy, 1941-1945. Psi Upsilon Fraternity. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1949. Methodist. Married Miss Elizabeth 
Fitton, 1943. One daughter. Address: 401 Johnston Building, 
Charlotte, N. C. 

ROY EZRA LEINBACH, JR. 

Roy Ezra Leinbach, Jr., Republican, Representative from Ca- 
tawba County, was born in Landisburg, Pennsylvania, July 13, 
1909. Son of Roy E. and Mary Catherine (Nessly) Leinbach. At- 
tended Elm Street School, High Point, N. C, 1916-1920; Carlisle 
High School, Carlisle, Pa., 1921-1926; Wyoming Seminary, Kin- 
ston. Pa., 1927-1928; Catawba College, 1933, B.S.; Theological 
Seminary, Lancaster, Pa., 1936, B.D. Minister. Member of The 
Newton-Conover Ministerial Association; The Western Ministerial 
Association of the Southern Synod of the Evangelical and Re- 
formed Church. Mason, Masonic Lodge No. 248, Newton, N. C; 
Scottish Rite, Oasis Temple, Charlotte, N. C; Shriner. Junior 
Deacon, 1950, Trustee, 1950-1952 of Catawba Lodge No. 248. Mem- 
ber of Kiwanis Club, Past President and Lieut. Gov. of Division 
Two; Vice-President of Catawba County Red Cross Chapter; 
Chairman of Newton Recreation Commission; President, Catawba 
College Alumni Association; Member of Executive Board of Pied- 
mont Council of Boy Scouts of America; Member of Catawba Val- 
ley Executive Club. Member of The Evangelical and Reformed 
Church. Married Miss Alma Bernice Wagoner, September 8, 1943. 
Children: Linda Ann, age six; Nancy Kay, age five; Roy William, 
age three. Address: Box 66, Newton, N. C. 

EARL FRITZ LITTLE 

Earl Fritz Little, Democrat, Representative from Alexander 
County, was born at Waynesville, N. C, August 27, 1918. Son of 
Earl C. and Maggie (Nichols) Little. Attended Leicester High 
School, 1932-1936; Biltmore College, Asheville, N. C. Farmer. 
Member Rotary Club. Served in the armed forces, June 13, 1941 
to September 31, 1945 as Sergeant. Married April 14, 1950 to 
Miss Sarah V. Chapman. Methodist. Address: Taylorsville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 475 



HAL W. LITTLE 



Hal W. Little, Democrat, Representative from Anson County, 
was born at Wadesboro, N. C, August 11, 1905. Son of Henry W. 
and Effie (Allen) Little. Attended Wadesboro High School and 
Duke University. Merchant and farmer. Member and President 
of Rotary Club; Member and President of Anson Executive Club; 
Woodmen of the World. Anson County Commissioner. Captain, 
United States Army, July 11, 1942 to January 16, 1946. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1949. Methodist; Chairman 
Board of Stewards. Married Miss Mary Louise Robbins, June 9, 
1944. Two children: Dora Anne Little and Henry Wall Little, IIL 
Address: Wadesboro, N. C. 



GEORGE ATTMORE LONG 

George Attmore Long, Democrat, Representative from Alamance 
County, was boin in Graham, North Carolina, March 10, 1911. Son 
of J. Dolph and Hannah (Attmore) Long. Attended Graham Pub- 
lic Schools, 1919-1926. A.B. Degree, University of North Carolina, 
1930; LL.B. Degree, 1932. Attorney at Law. Member American 
Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar; President, Alamance Bar Association; Chairman, Bur- 
lington Planning Board. Solicitor, Alamance General County 
Court, 1943-1946; Judge, 1948-1950. Member Phi Beta Kappa Fra- 
ternity. Episcopalian; Vestryman. Married Miss Helen Brooks, 
October 16, 1937. Children: James Eugene Long, Hannah Eliza- 
beth LonT, and Julia Margaret Long. Address: 1113 West Davis 
Street, Burlington, N. C. 



CLAUDE L. LOVE 

Claude L. Love, Democrat, Representative from Buncombe Coun- 
ty, was born in Hayesville, N. C, August 25, 1896. Son of George 
T. and Icie (Fain) Love. Attended Hayesville High School; 
Young Harris Junior College (Ga.) ; University of North Caro- 
lina; Asheville Teachers College; Asheville University of Law 
School. High School teacher and principal for ten years. Lawyer. 
Admitted to N, C. Bar in 1924; engaged in general practice of law 



476 North Carolina Manual 

in Asheville since 1925; Operator of private law school since 1926. 
Member Buncombe County Bar Association, President, 1946. Mem- 
ber Nineteenth District Bar, Vice President since 1947. Corpora- 
tion Counsel, Town of Weaverville, 1928-1935; Attorney for The 
Board of Education of Buncombe County since 1935. Member Bun- 
combe County Board of Education, 1930-1933. Mason; Past Mas- 
ter Blackmer Lodge (Weaverville) ; Thirty-second Degree Scottish 
Rite, Past Venerable Master Asheville Sottish Rite Bodies; Knight 
Commander of the Court of Honor. Methodist; Chairman Board 
of Stewards and Board of Trustees, Central Methodist Church; 
Teacher of Mens' Bible Class. Married Miss Saide Lee Odom, 1918. 
Children: Claude L., Jr., killed in action as a pilot in the Royal 
Canadian Air Force, 1942, buried at Noirmoutier, France; LeRoy, 
now a law studest at the University of Southern California; a 
daughter, Mrs. Bruce A. Elmore. Address: Jackson Building, 
Asheville, N. C. 

CHARLES GORDON MADDREY 

Charles Gordon Maddrey, Democrat, Representative from Hert- 
fort County, was born at Seaboard, N. C, November 9, 1904. Son 
of J. T. and Rowena Milner (Stephenson) Maddrey. Attended 
Seaboard High School, 1911-1922; Wake Forest College, A.B. De- 
gree, 1926; University of North Carolina, several summers. 
Farmer and merchant. Herford County Farm Bureau-past presi- 
dent. Member of Rotary Club; Chamber of Commerce; Past Presi- 
dent Scotland Neck Kiwanis Club; Beechwood Country Club; 
Executive Member East Carolina Council BSA. Mason. Represen- 
tative in the General Assembly of 1949. Baptist. Teacher of 
Young Men's Bible Class. Married Miss Mabel Claire Hoggard, 
December 26, 1931. Two sons: Charles Hoggard Maddrey, 14, 
Joseph Gordon Maddrey, 9. Address: 421 W. Church Street, 
Ahoskie, N. C, 

WILLIAM FLYNT MARSHALL, JR. 

William Flynt Marshall, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Stokes County, was born in Winston-Salem, N. C, March 3, 1925. 
Son of William Flynt and Iva Lee (Isaacs) Marshall. Attended 



Biographical Sketches 477 

Walnut Cove High School, 1938-1942; Riverside Military Academy, 
1942-1943; University of North Carolina, B.S. degree, 1950. 
Lumberman. Member Kappa Sigina; Walnut Cove Rotary Club. 
Served in U. S. Navy, 1943-1946. Baptist. Married Miss Helen L. 
Cantrell, June 25, 1949. Address: Box 125, Walnut Cove, N. C. 

DENNIS ALEXANDRA MASSEY 

Dennis Alexandra Massey, Democrat, Representative from 
Graham County, was born at Cove Creek, Haywood County, Jan- 
uary 5, 1896. Son of Princess Vaughan and Lucinda (Owens) 
Massey. Attended Waynesville High School. Barber. Represen- 
tative in the Genei'al Assembly of 1949. Member of Missionary 
Baptist Church, Robbinsville; former Deacon and Treasurer. Or- 
dained Minister and Pastor of Long Creek Baptist Church. Mar- 
ried Miss Arlene Slaughter, September 29, 1914. Three children: 
Glenn Massey; Mrs. Lucille Owen; Mrs. Dennis Mae Wiggins. 
Address: Robbinsville, N. C, 

FULTON JONES McDUFFIE 

Fulton Jones McDuffie, Republican, Representative from Wilkes 
County, was born in Moore County, (now Lee County). Son of 
D. A. and Sai-ah Gilmore McDuffie. Attended school in Broadway, 
N. C, and Wake Forest Law School, 1916. Attorney. Mayor, 
Town of Creedmoor, N. C, 1918-1925. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Asembly of 1937. Methodist. Married Miss Nellie Bowman, 
August 18, 1918. Address: Wilkesboro, N. C. 

ROBERT GRANT McRORIE, SR. 

Robert Grant McRorie, Sr., Democrat, Representative from 
Rutherford County, was born in Rutherfordton, July 11, 1909. Son 
of William Caldwell and Cassie Wilma (Hagler) McRorie. At- 
tended Rutherfordton Elementary School; graduated fi-om Ruther- 
fordton-Spindale High School, 1930; University of North Caro- 
lina, 1930-1932; Wake Forest College Law School, 1932-1933. 
Lawyer. Member Rutherford County Bar Association, President, 



McDuffie of Wilkes 

McRorie of Rutherford 
Mintz of Brunswick 



Moore of Clay 
Moore of Wilson 

O'Herron of Mecklenburg 



Page of Johnston 
Parrott of Lenoir 

Pittman of Richmond 



Pope of Iredell 
Pou of Wake 

Powell of Rockingham 



Pritchell of Caldwell 
Quinn of Cabarrus 
Ramsay of Rowan 



Regan of Robeson 
Rodman of Beaufort 
Royster of Vance 




Biographical Sketches 479 

1949; N. C. State Bar, Inc. Mason. Served in U. S. Army from 
September 16, 1942 to October 18, 1945, discharged as Technical 
Sergeant. Methodist. Two children: Joyce McRorie, age 14; 
Robert Grant McRorie, Jr., age 10. Address: Rutherfordton, N. C. 

HARRY LUTHER MINTZ, JR. 

Harry Luther Mintz, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Bruns- 
wick County, was born in Shallotte, N. C, December 13, 1916. Son 
of Harry Luther and Minta Catherine (Tart) Mintz. Attended 
Shallotte High School, 1924-1935; Pheiffer Junior College; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina one year. Merchant. Register of Deeds, 
Brunswick County, 1939-1940. Mason. Member Lions Club; 
American Legion, Commander of Post 247, Shallotte American 
Legion, 1946; Commander of Tenth District, 1947-1949; "Forty 
and Eight". Methodist; Sunday School Superintendent, 1946- 

1949; Member Board of Stewards, 1947 . Married Miss Mary 

Clayton Wyche, June 25, 1949. Address: Supply, N. C. 

HARVE M. MOORE 

Harve M. Moore, Democrat, Representative from Clay County, 
was born in Hayesville, N. C, February 4, 1887. Son of T. C. and 
Callie (Caldwell) Moore. Attended Hayesville schools, 1906-1909; 
Tennessee Summer School, 1910-1911; N. C. Summer Schools, 
1912-1939; Cullowhee Teachers College, 1940, Class A. Teachers 
Elementary Certificate. Teacher and Farmer. County Commis- 
sioner, 1930-1934; 1938-1946. Member of the Junior Order United 
American Mechanics. R. S. Secty., 1915-1950; Member Board 
Trustees, Lexington Orphans Home, Lexington, N. C, 1946-50. 
Methodist; Superintendent and Teacher in Sunday School, 1940- 
1950. Representative in the General Assembly of 1947. Married 
Miss Delta Arthur Moore, Benton, Tenn., 1910. Children: seven 
living, two deceased. Address: Hayesville, N. C. 

LARRY ICHABOD MOORE, JR. 

Larry Ichabod Moore, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Wil- 
son County, was born in Greenville, N. C, January 26, 1904. Son 
of Larry L and Ella (King) Moore. Attended New Bern Public 



480 North Carolina Manual 

Schools 1910-1920; University of North Carolina, A.B. course 
1920-22; B.S. course 1922-24; Law 1924-26. Lawyer, Farmer and 
Dairyman. Solicitor Wilson County General County Court 1929- 
1934. Representative in the General Assembly of 1939, 1941, 1943, 

1945, 1947 and 1949. County Attorney, Wilson County since 
1943; Past President, Second Judicial District Bar Association; 
Past President Wilson County Young Democrats Club; served 8 
years as Director, General Alumni Association of the University 
of North Carolina and several years as President of Wilson 
County Alumni Association; member State Board of Health, 1943- 
1944; member Advisory Budget Commission; member Beta Theta 
Pi Social Fraternity and Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Mem- 
ber Farm Bureau, State Grange, Mason, (Past Master) ; Royal 
Arch Mason, (Past High Priest), Mt. Lebannon Council, No. 13, 
Royal and Select Masters (Past Illustrious Master); Knights 
Templar (Past Commander) ; Shriner, Past President Wilson 
County Shrine Club; Member of Benevolent and Protective order 
of Elks (Exalted Ruler 1941-42; Wilson Lodge No. 840, Honor- 
ary Life Member). Married Miss Grace Thompson February 7, 

1946. Three daughters, Grace Thompson Moore, born November 
26, 1946; Meta King Moore and Frances Holt Moore (twins) born 
June 21, 1950; one son, Larry I. Moore, IH, born July 1, 1948. 
Address: Wilson, N. C. 



EDWARD M. O'HERRON, JR. 

Edward M. O'Herron, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Mecklenburg County, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, Novem- 
ber 6, 1915. Son of Edward M. and Salley E. (Eckerd) O'Herron. 
Attended Culver Military Academy 1930-1934; U. S. Naval Acad- 
emy; University of North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 1938. Merchant. 
Captain, U. S. Marine Corps, 1942-1946. Presbyterian. Married 
Miss Margaret Aston Blackman, October 14, 1938. Four children. 
Address: 128 North Tryon St., Charlotte, N. C. 



GILES TROY PAGE 

Giles Troy Page, Democrat, Representative from Johnston 
Cjunty, was born in Rockingham County on May 15, 1896. Son of 



Biographical Sketches 481 

William G. and Martha Elizabeth (Setliffe) Page. Attended 
Rockingham County Public School, 1903 to 1913; Leaksville Spray 
Institute, Leaksville, N. C, 1914 to 1915; Course in Salesmanship 
at Eastman Correspondence School, 1921. Supply merchant, 
farmer and cotton ginner. Member North Carolina Merchants 
Association; Clayton Rotary Club since 1932, President, 1941; 
Attended National Conventions as delegate at Havana, Cuba, At- 
lantic City, N. J., and San Francisco, California. President, Home- 
stead Building & Loan Ass'n. Clayton, N. C. Town Commissioner 
of Clayton, N. C, 1937-1941, 1945-1947. Knights of Pythias, 
Chancellor Commander, 1939-1940. No. 16 Mason, Master Granite 
Lodge No. 191, 1942; Secretary, 1943-1944; Past Masters Jewel. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1949. Baptist. Member 
First Baptist Church Clayton, N. C. Member Board Deacons 6 
years; present Deacon; Sunday School superintendent since 1938. 
Married Miss Minnie Wiley Cox, October 10, 1925. One son: 
G. Tz'oy Page, Jr. Address: Clayton, N. C. 

MARION ARENDELL PARROTT~ 

Marion Arendell Parrott, Democrat, Representative from Lenoir 
County, was born at Kinston, N. C, August 23, 1918. Son of Dr. 
William Thomas, Sr., and Jeannette Euphemia (Johnson) Parrott. 
Attended Kinston Public Schools, 1924-1935; The Citadel, 1939, 
B.A.; University of North Carolina, 1947, LL.B. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber of Lenoir County Bar Association; President Kinston Chamber 
of Commerce; Lenoir County Farm Bureau. Member of Zeta Psi 
(College social fraternity) ; St. John's Lodge No. 4, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons; New Bern Consistory No. 3. Scottish Rite 
Masons (32nd degree) ; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American 
Legion ; La Societe des 40 Hommes et 8 Cheveaux. Elk, Moose. 
Entered service with Service Battery, 113th Field Artillery, North 
Carolina National Guard, later transferred to Parachute troops; 
On active service, September 16, 1940 to March 18, 1946; Major, 
377th Parachute F. A. Battalion, 101st Airborne Division. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1949. Member of the 
Disciples of Christ Church; Deacon, 1948 — . Married Miss Lillian 
West, March 6, 1948. One son: Marion Arendell Parrott, Jr., born 
December 18, 1949. Address: 610 North Queen St., Kinston, N. C. 



16 



482 North Carolina Manual 

JAMES HICKS PITTMAN 

James Hicks Pittman, Democrat, Representative from Richmond 
County, was born in Rockingham, North Carolina, July 26, 1918. 
Son of Ira B. and Virginia (Hicks) Pittman. Attended Rocking- 
ham High School, 1930-1934; Wingate Junior College, 1934-1936; 
Wake Forest College, 1936-1941, A.B. and LL.B. degrees. Attorney. 
Member North Carolina State Bar; Richmond County Bar. Solici- 
tor, Richmond County Special Court, 1946-1950. Served as First 
Lieutenant in the Army Air Corps, 1942-1946. Baptist; Member 
Board of Deacons, 1946-1950; Superintendent Sunday School, 
1946 to present; Teacher Young Men's Bible Class, 1945. Married 
Miss Dorothy Jean Gault, December 31, 1943. Two children: 
Phyllis Carol Pittman, age 4; Patricia Jean Pittman, age 6 
months. Address: Rockingham, N. C. 



WILLIAM ROBERT POPE 

William Robert Pope, Democrat, Representative from Iredell 
County, was born in Mt. Mourne, N. C. Son of James Robert and 
Mary Elizabeth (Kelly) Pope. Attended Davidson High School; 
Davidson College, B.S. Degree, 1940; University of North Caro- 
lina Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. Mason; member Mecklen- 
burg Lodge No. 176 — A.F. & A.M. Lieutenant, United States Navy 
World War II. Presbyterian. Married Miss Ina Amelia Barber. 
Children : William Robert Pope, Jr. ; James Shuford Pope ; Charles 
Vance Pope. Address: Mt. Mourne, N. C. 



EDWIN S. POU 

Edwin S. Pou, Democrat, Representative from Wake County, 
was born in Smithfield, N. C, December 7, 1919. Son of George 
Ross and Lillian (Sanders) Pou. Attended Raleigh Public Schools; 
Mars Hill; Virginia Military Institute; University of North Caro- 
lina; University of Edinburgh (Scotland); North Carolina State 
College; Maryland Casualty Company Insurance School, Balti- 
more, Md. Owner, General Insurance Agency. Member, National 
Offices Management Association; North Carolina Insurance Agents 
Association; Associated General Contractors of America; Raleigh 



Biographical Sketches 483 

Chamber of Commerce. Captain, U. S. Air Force, 8th and 9th 
Air Force, serving from August 15, 1941 to March 21, 1946, with 
twenty-seven months overseas. Member, American Legion; Amer- 
ican Veterans; present State Judge Advocate, AM VETS. Episco- 
palian; Member, Brotherhood of Saint Andrew. Married Miss 
Fannie S. Cooper, June 25, 1942. Children: Mary Spotswood, age 
6; Lillian Sanders, age 1; Mildred Sanders, age three months. 
Address: 2517 Anderson Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

RADFORD GILMORE POWELL 

Radford Gilmore Powell, Democrat, Representative from Rock- 
ingham County, was born at Reidsville, N. C, December 9, 1903. 
Son of William Johnson and Ophelia (Strader) Powell. Attended • 
Mt. Carmel School; Reidsville High School, 1918. Employee of 
American Tobacco Company. Former First Vice President N. C. 
State Federation of Labor; President Local 192 T.W.LU., Reids- 
ville; President Tobacco Workers International Union, A.F. of L., 
1943-1944; Served as member of Board of Directors, Reidsville 
Chamber of Commerce, 1942-1943; Appointed by Ex-Governor 
Broughton during war to serve on Unemployment Compensation 
Board of Reidsville; Former member Junior Order of American 
Mechanics, 1925. Boy Scout worker. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1949. Methodist; Former Superintendent of Sunday 
School; Teacher of Men's Bible Class for twenty-one years. Mar- 
ried Miss Effie Mae Chapmon, April 11, 1924. Four children: , 
Eleanor Gail Powell and Glen Harvey Powell and two sons de- 
ceased. Address: Route 3, Reidsville, N. C. 

JAMES TURNER PRITCHETT 

James Turner Pritchett, Democrat, Representative from Cald- 
well County, was born in Guilford County, August 13, 1889. Son 
of Henry C. and Margaret (Mebane) Pritchett. Attended Lenoir 
High School; A.B., University of North Carolina 1914; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina Law School and Wake Forest Law School. 
Lawyer. Member of Caldwell County Bar Association; State Bar 
and North Carolina Bar Association. Mayor of Lenoir 1919-1920. 
Prosecuting Attorney, Caldwell County Recorder's Coui't 1931- 



484 North Carolina Manual 

1934. Captain Infantry United States Army World War I; Alpha 
Tau Omeg-a College Fraternity; Past Grand Chancellor, Knights 
of Pythias. Representative from Caldwell County in the General 
Assembly of 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945 and 1949. Presbyterian; Elder 
since 1937. Married Miss Margaret Preston Martin, Salisbury, 
N. C, December 28, 1920. Two children: James Turner Pritchett, 
Jr., and Mebane Moore Pritchett. Address: Lenoir, N. C. 

DWIGHT WILSON QUINN 

Dwight Wilson Quinn, Democrat, Representative from Cabar- 
rus County, was born in York, South Carolina, September 12, 
1917. Son of William Lytle and Lucy (Wilson) Quinn. Attended 
Kannapolis Public Schools; Night and Correspondence Schools, 
taking courses in Business Law, Bookkeeping and Accounting, 
Typing, Business Management, and Textile. Printer. Member, 
Cabarrus County YDC, President, 1948. Precinct Registrar, 1948- 
1950. Member Education Committee. Voted Kannapolis Man of 
the Year in 1948 by the Jaycees. Member, National Y.M.C.A. 
Young Men's Council. President, Inter-Club Council. Member, Dis- 
trict Boy Scout Committee. Advisor to Hi-Y. Private in the U. S. 
Army, 1944-1945. Member, American Legion Post 115, serving 
twice as Commander; 40 & 8. Lutheran; Church Council, 1947- 
1950; Secretary of Congregation, 1947-1950; Chairman of Build- 
ing Fund Drive at present; Sunday School Teacher, 1947-1948. 
MaiTied Miss Mary Elizabeth Isenhour, February 23, 1936. One 
daughter: Linda Jo Quinn, age 13. Address: Box 314, Kannapolis, 
N. C. 

KERR CRAIGE RAMSAY 

Kerr Craige Ramsay, Democrat, Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in Salisbury, N. C, July 23, 1911. Son of John 
E. and Elizabeth Erwin (Craige) Ramsay. Graduated from Salis- 
bury High School, 1927. A.B., University of North Carolina, 1931; 
University of North Carolina Law School, 1931-1932; Yale Uni- 
versity Law School, 1932-1934; LL.B., Yale University, 1934. 
Lawyer. Member Rowan County, Forsyth County, North Carolina 
and American Bar Associations, President, Salisbury Junior 



Biographical Sketches 485 

Chamber of Commerce, 1939-1940. Trustee and Secretary Rowan 
Memorial Hospital since 1937. Member N. C. Advisory Budget 
Commission, 1947-1949; Alternate Delegate at Lai'ge, Democratic 
National Convention, 1948. Rotarian. Phi Beta Kappa; Sigma Nu. 
Representative from Rowan County in the General Assembly, 1941, 
1943, 1945, 1947 and 1949; Speaker, 1949; Rowan County Attor- 
ney since 1943. Presbyterian; Deacon since 1936. Married Miss 
Eleanor Walton Newman, June 26, 1940. One daughter: Eleanor 
Newman Ramsay, born March 26, 1941. Address: Salisbury, N. C. 

JOHN BRECKENRIDGE REGAN 

John Breckenridge Regan, Representative from Robeson County, 
was born at Lumberton, N. C, December 19, 1912. Son of John 
Breckenridge and Jannatta A. (Fisher) Regan. Attended Appala- 
chian State Teachers College, 1932-1934; Cumberland University, 
1934-1936, LL.B. Degree. Lawyer and Farmer. Member of North 
Carolina Bar Association ; Robeson County Bar Association ; Ninth 
Judicial District Bar, Treasurer. Solicitor of Recorder's Court, 
1938-1942. Representative from Robeson County in the General 
Assembly of 1949. Member and twice Past Master of St. Pauls 
Masonic Lodge, Phoenix Chapter, No. 20; Member of Palestine 
Commandry No. 2, Fayetteville Council, No. 27, Sudan Temple; 
Grand Representative of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina to the 
Grand Lodge of North Carolina; Present District Deputy Grand 
Master of the 11th Masonic District. Member and twice President 
of St. Pauls Rotary Club, 1946, 1947. Methodist; Superintendent 
of Sunday School, 1941, 1942; Teacher of Men's Bible Class; Mem- 
ber of Board of Stewards. Married Miss Mary Ann Brewer, De- 
cember 25, 1938. Children: John Breckenridge Regan, III; Mary 
Brewer Regan, Annie Maynette Regan; George Duncan Regan; 
Katherine Paschall Regan; Steven Sears Regan. Address: St. 
Pauls, N. C. 

WILLIAM BLOUNT RODMAN, JR. 

William Blount Rodman, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Beaufort County, was born in Washington, N. C, July 2, 1889. 
Son of Col. William Blount and Addie (Fulford) Rodman. At- 



486 North Carolina Manual 

tended Hoiner's Military Academy; Oak Ridge School; A.B., Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1910; Law School, University of North 
Carolina. Licensed North Carolina Supreme Coui't September, 
1911. Law firm, Rodman & Rodman, Washington, North Carolina. 
Former President of North Carolina Bar, Inc.; Mayor of Wash- 
ington, 1919-1920. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1937, 
1939. Lieutenant U. S. N. (R), World War I. Married Miss 
Helen Farnell, August 17, 1918. Address: Washington, N. C. 

FRED STOVALL ROYSTER 

Fred Stovall Royster, Democrat, Representative from Vance 
County, was born in Dabney, N. C, December 31, 1908. Son of 
John Stovall and Alvada (Green) Royster. Attended Henderson 
High School, 1921-1925; Duke University. Tobacconist and 
Farmei'. President, Bright Belt Warehouse Association, 1945-1950; 
President, Middle Belt Warehouse Association, 1944-1950; Chair- 
man, Flue-Cured Tobacco Marketing Committee, 1948. Member 
North Carolina Tobacco Advisory Council, 1948. Member Board 
of Directors, North Carolina Farm Bureau, 1948-1950. Member To- 
bacco Committee, North Carolina State Grange, 1946-1948. Mem- 
ber Board of Directors, North Carolina Agricultural Foundation, 
1946-1950. Henderson Lodge 1681, B.P.O.E.; Mason. Chairaian, 
Vance County Board of Elections, 1934-1936. President, Hender- 
son Chamber of Commerce, 1946. Representative from Vance 
County in the General Assembly of 1945, 1947 and 1949. Meth- 
odist; Chairman, Board of Stewards, 1937-1946. Married Miss 
Launah Parker of Mooresville, N. C, January 4, 1942. Address: 
Henderson, N. C. 

WILLIAM ALBERT SAMS 

William Albert Sams, Democrat, Representative from Madison 
County, was born in Flag Pond, Tenn., December 29, 1888. Son 
of Lee W. and Ella F. (McCarthy) Sams. Attended public schools 
of Unicoi, Tenn.; Carson-Newman College, 1903-1904; Mars Hill 
College, 1904-1906; University of Tennessee, Medical Department, 
1911. Physician. Member County, State and A.M. A. professional 
societies; Councilor, Tenth District State Medical Society; Past 



Sams of Madison 
Sanders of Durham 
Satterfield of Person 



Scott of Chatham 
Shreve of Guilford 
Spruill of Bertie 



Steed of Montgomery 
Stoner of Davidson 
Swindell of Hyde 



Taylor of Buncombe 
Taylor of Warren 
Tew of Sampson 



Turner of Guilford 
Umstead of Orange 
Uzzell of Rowan 



Venters of Onslow 

Vogler of Mecklenburg 
Ward of Randolph 




488 North Carolina Manual 

President, North Carolina Acadamy of General Practice; Mayor 
of Marshall, 1923; County Health Officer and County Physician 
for several years. Mason; Past Master, Frenchbroad No. 292. 
Shriner; Oasis Temple, Charlotte, N. C. 32nd Degree Scottish-Rite 
Asheville, N. C. Elk; Past Exalted Ruler, Lodge No. 1401; Past 
President, North Carolina State Elks Association; father of N. C. 
Elks Boys Camp; Past District Deputy, National Elks Associa- 
tion. 'First Lieutenant, Medical Corps, Dayton, Ohio in World 
War L Baptist. Married Miss Leta E. Davis, December 21, 1910. 
Three daughters. Address: Marshall, N. C. 

RICHARD TATUM SANDERS 

Richard Tatum Sanders, Democrat, Representative from Dur- 
ham County, was born in Sherman, Texas, May 15, 1913. Son of 
J. R. and Louisa Jane (Gaskill) Sanders. Attended Central High 
School, Sherman, Texas, graduating in 1931; Austin College, 1931- 
32; Baylor University, 1932-1935, A.B., 1935; Baylor University 
Law School, 1935-1936; Duke University Law School, 1936-1939, 
LL.B., 1939. Attorney at Law. Member of Law Firm of Edwards 
& Sanders, Durham, N. C. Member, Durham County Bar Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Associa- 
tion (A. B. Section on Corporation, Banking & Business Law). 
Member of Staff of Duke Legal Aid Clinic, 1948-1950. Member, 
N. C. Democratic Executive Committee, 1950 — . Member, Lions 
Club; Durham Executive Club; National Council of Boy Scouts 
of America ; Past Chairman of Boy Scouts of America in Durham 
County ; Executive Committee of Occoneechee Council of Boy 
Scouts of America since 1946. Volunteered as Private in U. S. 
Army in May, 1942; released from active duty with grade of Cap- 
tain, December, 1945. Captain, Officers Reserve Corps, December, 
1945-April, 1945; Staff Officer, 119th Infantry NCNG, 30th Inf. 
Division, April, 1948 to date; presently serving as Major, 119th 
Infantry. Member, American Legion, Vice Commander of Dur- 
ham Post No. 7; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Methodist; member 
Board of Stewards since 1941; former President of Men's Class; 
Teacher of Harry C. Smith Bible Class since 1948. Married Miss 
Dorothy Proctor Cole, June 1938. Two children: Richard Tatum 
Sanders, Jr., born December, 1943; Brooks Cole Sanders, born 
January, 1948. Address: 913 Urban Avenue, Durham, N. C. 



-Biographical Sketches 489 

BYRD ISAAC SATTERFIELD 

Byrd Isaac Satterfield, Democrat, Representative from Person 
County, was born in that County on September 29, 1898. Son of 
Albert G. and Mollie E. (Paylor) Satterfield. Attended Public 
Schools of Person County, 1906-1915; Roxboro High School, 1915- 
1917; Trinity College, A.B., 1922; Columbia University, A.M., 
1925; University of Virginia, 1922; University of N. C. haw 
School, summer, 1927; Wake Forest Law School, summer, 1929. 
Farmer and Lawyer. Received Law License, 1929. Member North 
Carolina Farm Bureau; Grange. Person County Superintendent 
of Schools, 1925-1929. Private in the U. S. Army, 1918. Member 
American Legion; Forty and Eight. U. S. Engineer Corps (Real 
Estate Branch ), 1941-1946. Methodist; Charge Lay Leader, 1950, 
Married Miss Sarah Winnie Jones, June 11, 1931. Children: Mary 
Emily Satterfield; Winnie Davis Satterfield; Byrd Austin Satter- 
field. Address: Timberlake, N. C. 



W. HERMAN SCOTT 

W. Herman Scott, Democrat, Representative from Chatham 
County, was born near Chapel Hill on April 19, 1904. Son of 
William and Blanche (Arnold) Scott. Attended public schools of 
Chatham County, 1907-1920. Merchant, Farmer and Realtor. 
Sergeant at Arms in the Senate, 1935-1949. 32nd Degree Mason; 
Shiiner, Oasis Temple of Charlotte, N. C. Methodist. Married 
Miss Tina Mason, 1941. Address: Rt. 3, Chapel Hill, N. C. 



CLYDE ALLISON SHREVE 

Clyde Allison Shreve, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was born in Rockingham County, N. C, June 25, 1908. 
Son of J. A. and Bessie D. (Lester) Shreve. Attended Bethany 
High School, Rockingham County, 1923-1927; University North 
Carolina, 1928-1931; Woodrow Wilson College of Law, Atlanta, 
Ga., LL.B., 1935. Lawyer. Member State Bar; N. C. State 
Grange; N. C. State Farm Bureau; A. F. & A. M., Stokesdale 
Lodge No. 428; Jr. 0. U. A. M., Summerfield Council No. 174; 
State Vice Councillor, 1942-1943; State Councillor, Jr. O. U. A. M., 



490 North Carolina Manual 

1943-1944; Deputy National Councillor, 1945; Instructor Business 
Law, Greensboro Evening College, September, 1949 — ; Represen- 
tative from Guilford County in the General Assembly of 1943, 
1947, and 1949. Baptist. Married Miss Ruth Marie Doggett, De- 
cember 27, 1933. One son: Clyde Allison Shreve, Jr. Address: 
Stokesdale, N. C. ■ , 

CHARLES WAYLAND SPRUILL 

Charles Wayland Spruill, Democrat, Representative from Bertie 
County, was born at Quitsna, April 6, 1889. Son of Charles Way- 
land and Annie E. (Tadlock) Spruill. Attended Oak Ridge Insti- 
tute, 1904-1906; State College 1908-1909. Merchant, farmer and 
manufacturer. Member Bertie County Road Commission, 1920- 
1921, 1925-1930. Chairman Snake Bite Township. Trustee, Repub- 
lican High School and Lewiston-Woodville High School. President 
Lewiston Telephone Co.; Vice President, Bank of Roxobel; Direc- 
tor, Harrington Manufacturing Co. Member of State Planning 
Board. Member of Mental Hospital Board of Control; Executive 
Board of State Hospital. Chairman of Appeal Board No. 1. 
County Commissioner of Bertie County, 1919-1920; Justice of the 
Peace, 1915-1937. For past three years Chairman of Farm Plan- 
ning Committee, Bertie County. Shriner and Junior Order. Mem- 
ber of the Windsor Rotary Club; Chamber of Commerce; Senator 
1939. Member House of Representatives, 1933, 1935, 1937, 1945, 
1947, and 1949. Baptist. Married Miss Ruth Bazemore, No- 
vember 26, 1913. Two children: Hanah Ruth and H. B. Spruill. 
Address: Windsor, N. C. 

JOE DAVID STEED 

Joe David Steed, Democrat, Representative from Montgomery 
County, was born in Biscoe, N. C, April 8, 1901. Son of Carl Lee 
and Nannie (Batten) Steed. Attended Candor High School; N. C. 
State College, 1919. Farmer. Mayor, Town of Candor. 1930-1932; 
1946-1950. Montgomery County Commissioner, 1938-1942. Mason. 
Methodist. Married Miss Hannah Fry, December 28, 1926. Chil- 
dren: Joanna Steed, age 16 and Joe D. Steed, Jr., age 13. Address: 
Candor, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 491 

PAUL GLENN STONER 

Paul Glenn Stoner, Democrat, Representative from Davidson 
County, was born in that County. Son of Oscar Lee and the late 
Frankie (Harris) Stoner. Attended Southmont High School, 1921- 
1922; Southern Industrial Institute, 1922-1923; Mt. Pleasant Col- 
legiate Institute, 1923-1926; Duke University, 1926-1928; Duke 
Law School, LL.B., 1931. Attorney at Law. Member Lexington 
Bar Association; Davidson County Bar Association; North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; American Bar Association. Davidson County 
Attorney, 1932-1933; Solicitor, Davidson County Court, 1938-1942; 
Judge, 1942-1943. Mason. Shriner. PFC U. S. Army. Methodist; 
Steward. Married Miss Ruth Bright, 1931. Children: Betsy Bright 
Stoner; Paul Glenn Stoner, Jr.; Frank Lee Stoner. Address: 512 
Fairview Drive, Lexington, N. C. 



RUSSELL A. SWINDELL 

Russell A. Swindell, Democrat, Representative from Hyde 
County, was born in Swan Quarter, May 14, 1916. Son of John 
Harold, Sr. and Mary (Atkinson) Swindell. Attended Swan 
Quarter High School, 1932-1935; Louisburg College, 1938. Farmer, 
Mason. Private in the U. S. Army, 1945. Methodist: Steward 
since 1945. Married Miss Martha Easterling, December 1, 1939. 
Three children: Sandra Sue; Mary Anne; Albin B. Address: 
Swan Quarter, N. C. 



ROY ARTHUR TAYLOR 

Roy Arthur Taylor, Democrat, Representative from Buncombe 
County, was born in Vader, Washington, January 31, 1910. Son 
of Arthur A. and Lola (Morgan) Taylor. Attended Candler Ele- 
mentary School, 1916-1923; Candler High School, 1923-1927; Bilt- 
more College, Asheville, N. C, 1927 to June, 1929; Maryville Col- 
lege, Maryville, Tenn., September, 1929 to June, 1931, A.B. De- 
gree; Asheville University Law School, January, 1934 to Janu- 
ary, 1936. Lavi^er. Admitted to Bar, January, 1936. Member of 
Buncombe County Bar Association; North Caiolina State Bar. 
Member of Junior Order United American Mechanics, District 



492 North Carolina Manual 

Deputy State Governor, 1940 and 1941 ; Lions Club, President 
Black Mountain Lions Club, 1943; Zone Chairman, 1949; Deputy 
District Governor, 1950; President Black Mountain Chamber of 
Commei'ce, 1947; Member of Board of Trustees of Asheville-Bilt- 
more College at present; Member of Board of Directors, Buncombe 
County Community Chest at present; Chairman of Health Com- 
mittee. County Attorney for Buncombe County, 1949 to present. 
Member Board of Trustees of National Association of County and 
Prosecuting Attorneys. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1947 and 1949. Member United States Naval Reserve, Nov- 
ember 1943 to March 1946, discharged with rank of Lieutenant; 
served as Executive Officer and Commanding Officer of LST and 
participated in invasions on Luzon and at Okinawa. Baptist; Sun- 
day School Superintendent, 1935-1943; Deacon from 1937 to date. 
Married Miss Evelyn Reeves, May 8, 1932. Two children: Alan F. 
Taylor, age 9; Toni R. Taylor, age 8. Address: Black Mountain, 
N. C. , • 



WILLL\M WOODRUFF TAYLOR, JR. 

William Woodruff Taylor, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Warren County, was born in Warrenton, N. C, April 1, 1912. 
Son cf Dr. W. W. and Elizabeth (Poindexter) Taylor. Attended 
John Graham High School, Warrenton, 1924-1928; Davidson Col- 
lege, 1928-1929; University of North Carolina, 1929-1930; Wake 
Forest College Law School, 1931-1933. Lawyer. Member, N. C. 
Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; Warrenton Chamber of Com- 
merce; Kappa Alpha fraternity; American Legion; Warrenton 
Rotary Club, President, 1947-1948. Solicitor, Warren County Re- 
corder's Court, 1942-1949; Attorney for Town of Warrenton, 1941- 
1943, 1947-1949; County Attorney for Warren County. Entered 
Army of U. S. as volunteer January 20, 1943, honorably dis- 
charged Octobei' 8, 1943 holding rank of corporal. Episcopalian; 
Vestryman, 1944-1947, 1949-1952; Senior Warden. Married Miss 
Ida Satterfield Winstead, April 12, 1941. One son: William Wood- 
ruff Taylor III, born July 30, 1944. Address: Warrenton, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 493 

JOHN E. TEW 

John E. Tew, Republican, Representative from Sampson County, 
was bom in Clinton, N. C, September 22, 1887. Son of Daniel W. 
and Francis J. (Parker) Tew. Attended Salemburg High School, 
1905 and 1906. Farmer. Free Will Baptist; Recording Secretary 
of the Cape Fear Conference, 1923-1937; Editor of the Free Will 
Baptist Herald, (The official organ of the Cape Fear and Wil- 
mington Conferences of the Free Will Baptist Church), 1925-1939, 
Address: Rt. 1, Clinton, N. C. 



THOMAS TURNER 

Thomas Turner, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was born in that county, October 3, 1900. Son of Henry 
Catlett Turner, of Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, and Elizabeth Little 
(Dowd) Turner, of Mecklenburg County; grandson of Col. Thomas 
Turner, member of Congress from Kentucky. A. B., University of 
North Carolina, 1923; University Law School, 1923-1924. Lawyer. 
Member North Carolina, Greensboro, and American Bar Associa- 
tions. Vice Chairman Guilford County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, 1927-1929. Sigma Alpha Epsilon, College Fraternity. 
Member, Elk's Lodge; Knights of Pythias, Cone Lodge No. 158; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars ; American Legion ; Disable American 
Veterans; Amvets; Society of Forty and Eight; served 32 months 
overseas. World War II, with 82nd A B division. Fifth Infantry 
Division and 28th Infantry Division; five battle stars. Awarded 
Croix de Guerre with palm and Croix de Guerre of Luxembourg. 
After hostilities. Commanding Officer of Military Government for 
district of Hanau, one of largest industrial areas in American 
occupation zone, Lieutenant-Colonel; Reserve Officer; Reserve Of- 
ficers Association, Lt. Colonel, USRC-JAGC. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1931, 1933, and 1943. Episcopalian. Vestry- 
man; Secretary Parish. Married Miss Elizabeth Nolan, of Mari- 
etta, Georgia, October 28, 1925. Three childi'en: Thomas Turner, 
III, Marion Nolan Turner, and Henry Catlett Turner. Address: 
Greensboro, N. C. 



494 North Carolina Manual 

JOHN WESLEY UMSTEAD, JK. 

John Wesley Umstead, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Orange County, was born in Mangum Township, Durham County, 
April 7, 1889. Son of John Wesley and Lula (Lunsford) Umstead. 
Attended Public Schools of Durham County. Entered University 
of North Carolina in September, 1905 and graduated with the 
Class of 1909. Director, General Alumni Association of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina since 1921. Trustee and Member of 
Executive Committee of the Greater University of North Caro- 
lina; Member of Executive Committee of Hospitals Board of Con- 
trol; Chairman of Commission on Merit System for Teachers; 
Member Study Commission on Education. State Senator from the 
Sixteenth Senatorial District, 1931, 1939. Member of House of 
Representatives from Orange County in 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947 and 
1949. Mason; Elk; Grange; Farm Bureau S.A.R.. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Sallie Hunter Reade of Person County, January 20, 1914. 
Three Children living: Frank Graham Umstead, Sarah Elizabeth 
Umstead, and Anne Reade Umstead. A son, John Wesley Um- 
stead, III, Captain in U. S. Marine Corps, was killed in action on 
Saipan Island, June 14, 1944. Manager Chapel Hill District Office 
of Jefferson Standard Life Insurance Company. Address: Chapel 
Hill, N. C. 



GEORGE RANDOLPH UZZELL 

George Randolph Uzzell, Democrat, Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in Salisbury, November 23, 1903. Son of Harry 
M. and Geneva (Wright) Uzzell. Attended Salisbury Graded 
Schools 1910-1915; Raleigh Graded Schools 1915-1919; Salisbury 
High School 1919-1921; Davidson College 1921-1923; Wake Forest 
College 1924-1926; Passed State Bar Examination, January 25, 
1926. Lawyer. President, Rowan County Bar Association. Civitan 
(President); Knights of Pythias; D.O.K.K., Suez Temple, No. 73; 
Winona Council No. 18, Jr. O.U.A.M.; Kappa Sigma, Wake Forest 
College. Chancellor Commander, Salisbury-Rowan No. 100, Knights 
of Pythias, 1927-1929; Woodman of the World; Patriotic Order, 
Sons of America; Past President of Washington Camp No. 24; 
North Carolina Bar Association; Rowan County Bar Association. 



Biographical Sketches 49'5 

Chairman, Democratic Judicial Committee of 15th Judicial Dis- 
trict. Member, State Democratic Platform Committee. Member of 
House of Representatives of 1931, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943, 
1945, and 1947. Baptist. Deacon 1929; Teacher of Men's Bible 
Class since 1932. Moderator of First Baptist Church. Married on 
November 23, 1934, to Miss Ruth Harrison of Spencer, N. C. Two 
children: Betty Ruth, born April 11, 1938, and George Randolph 
Uzzell, Jr., born May 9, 1944. Address: Salisbury, N. C. 

CARL VERNON VENTERS 

Carl Vei-non Venters, Democrat, Representative from Onslow 
County, was born at Richlands, N. C, January 18, 1906. Son of 
Wayne B. and Julia G. (Steven'^) Venters. Attended Richlands 
High School, 1918-1921; A.B. Degree, University of North Caro- 
lina, 1926; LL.B., 1929. Attorney at Law. Member of N. C. State 
Bar. County Solicitor, Onslow County Criminal Court, 1947-1948. 
Editorial Staff, Edward Thompson Co., Law Publishers, North- 
port, L. L, N. Y., January 1930-Au'i-ust, 1935; Associate Member 
Law Firm of Milbank, Tweed & Hope, 15 Broad St., New York, 
N. Y., September 1935 to August 1943; Associate Member Law 
Firm of Oliver & Donnelly, 110 E. 42nd St., New York, N. Y. Sep- 
tember, 1943 to September, 1945. Member of Phi Gamma Delta 
^Social) and Phi Delta Phi (Legal) Fraternities. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1949. Episcopalian; member of 
Vestry, St. Pauls Episcopal Church, Northport, N. Y., 1932-1935; 
member of Vestry, St. Anne's Episcopal Church, Jacksonville, 
N. C, 1946-1950. Married Miss Margaret Dean Burnette, April 
30, 1930. Three children: Carl V. Venters, Jr., Wayne B. Venters, 
Margaret Gayle Venters. Address: Jacksonville, N. C. 



JAMES B. VOGLER 

James B. Vogler, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Charlotte, N. C, April 13, 1895. Son of the 
late James A. and Susan Carolina (Alexander) Vogler. Attended 
the Public Schools of the city of Charlotte; Beard's Military In- 
stitute. Executive Secretary and Manager of the North Carolina 



496 North Carolina Manual 

Food Dealers Association; Editor of the Carolina Food Dealer. 
Served as Secretary for the North Carolina Food and Grocery 
Distributors Code Authority duiino- the NRA. Organized North 
Carolina under the National Recovery Administration for the food 
and grocery industry. President, National Association of Retail 
Grocers Secretaries Association. Chairman, Fair Trade Council 
of the City of Charlotte. President, Mecklenburg- County Food 
Trades Council. President, Charlotte Chapter of American War 
Dads. In January of 1942 was appointed by His Excellency, Gov- 
ernor J. Melville Broug-hton, as Director of the War Production 
Board Salvage Activities in North Carolina and served in this 
capacity until March 15, 1944. Member of the General Assembly, 
1936 Special Session; 1937 Regular Session; 1939 Regular Ses- 
sion, Chairman of Committee on Manufacturers and Labor; 1941 
Regular Session, Chairman of Committee on Counties, Cities and 
Towns; Author of House Bill No. 815 introduced by Bost of 
Cabarrus, Vogler of Mecklenburg and Rudisill of Gaston, estab- 
lishing' the North Carolina Vocational Textile School; 1945 
Regular Session, Chairman of Committee on Public Welfare; 1947 
Regular Session, Chairman of Election and Election Laws. Metho- 
dist; Chairman of the Board of Stewards of the Brevard Street 
Methodist Church, 1934-1935. Married Miss Lillian Raynelle 
Ketchie, June 12, 1916. Three children: James Brevard Vogler, 
Jr., Captain, U. S. Air Forces; John T. Vogler, Mrs. Lewis H. 
Layne. Address: 2011 Crescent Avenue, Charlotte, N. C. 



WILEY LEE WARD 

Wiley Lee Ward, Republican, Representative from Randolph 
County, was born in that County, January 6, 1882. Son of James 
Buchanon and Rufine (Fields) Ward. Attended Asheboro High 
School. President, General Hardware & Lumber Company in 
Asheboro, doing- a retail business in lumber, hardware and mill 
supplies. For twenty years was in lumber manufacturing and 
wholesaling; then for sixteen years Treasurer and Manager Le- 
ward Cotton Mills. Served five terms as County Commissioner, 
three years as Chairman; seven terms as a member of the Ashe- 
boro City Council. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1931. Candidate for Congress in Fourth District, 1942. Charter 



Biographical Sketches 497 

member Asheboro Rotary Club. Past President, Asheboro Chamber 
of Commerce. Methodist; Charge Lay Leader of Central Methodist 
Church; member Boaid of Stewards. First married to Mary Eli- 
zabeth Boroughs, January 13, 1901; second marriage to Mrs. 
Mabel Spoon Black, November 7, 1934. Address: Asheboro, N. C. 

.JOSEPH H. WARREN 

Joseph H, Warren, Democrat, Representative from Casvi^ell 
County, was born in Prospect Hill, N. C, April 1, 1907. Son of 
Franklin R. and Ida (Satterfield) Warren. Tobacco Warehouse- 
man and farmer. Notary Public; Justice of the Peace. Judge, 
Caswell County Recorder's Court, 1937, 1938. Chairman, School 
Committee, Prospect Hill High School. Chairman Caswell County 
Democratic Executive Committee. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1935. State Senator from the Sixteenth Senatorial 
District, 1939. Presbyterian; Elder. Married Miss Geneva Wil- 
liams. Two children: Ida Elizabeth, age 4; Joseph H., age 1. Ad- 
dress: Prospect Hill, N. C. 

JOHN FERNANDO WHITE 

John Fernando White, Democrat, Representative from Chowan 
County, was born in Edenton, April 16, 1902. Son of Sidney John- 
son and Mary Christian (Goodwin) White. Attended Wake For- 
est College, 1922-1925; University Law School, 1925-1926. Lawyer. 
Judge Chowan County Court, 1928-1930. Member 115th Ambu- 
lance Company of the 4th Corps Area, Edenton, 1927-1928; rank. 
Sergeant. Member of House of Representatives of 1931, 1935, 
1937, 1939, 1943 and 1945. City Attorney, 1940, 1941-1942. County 
Solicitor. Baptist. Married Miss Carolyn Juanita Bunch, March 
16, 1930. One daughter: Carolyn Juanita, born July 10, 1933. 
Address: Edenton, N. C. 

JAMES VIVIAN WHITFIELD 

James Vivian Whitfield, Democrat, Representative from Pender 
County, was born in Seven Springs, N. C, July 23, 1894. Son of 



498 North Carolina Manual 

James Alexander and Helen Vivian (Powers) Whitfield. Attended 
Wallace High School; Horner Military School, Oxford, N. C, 
1909-1911; A.B., University North Carolina, 1915; M.A., 1919. 
Farmer. Captain in Reserve Corps of the Army, 1915-1917; Com- 
mandant Horner Military School, 1915-1917. Military Instructor, 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1918. Member, United States 
Foreign Service, 1919-1927; served at Montevideo, Uruguay; 
Bahia Blanca, Argentina; Havana, Cuba; Matazas, Cuba and 
Monterey, Mexico. Director North Carolina Farm Bureau and 
North Carolina Forestry Association. Vice President, Forest 
Farmers Association Cooperative. President Pender Cold Storage 
and Freezer Locker Cooperative. President Sloop Point Fishery 
Products Cooperative. Representative in the General Assembly 
from Pender County, 1945, 1947, and 1949. Baptist. One child: 
John Whitfield. Married Mrs. Vivian Bartlet Stevens, March 2, 
1946. Address: Burgaw, N. C. 

PHILIP RAY WHITLEY 

Philip Ray Whitley, Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born in Selma, N. C, July 1, 1905. Son of Raford 
Bryant and Mamie (Harper) Whitley. Attended the public schools 
of Wendell; University of North Carolina, LL.B., 1929. Merchant 
and farmer. Wake County Democratic Chairman, 1934-1942. 
Mason; American Legion, (40 & 8). Volunteered for duty day fol- 
lowing Pearl Harbor; Captain, Infantry, January 1942, to October 
1945; commanded an infantry company in France. Member, Wen- 
dell Christian (Disciples) Church; Chairman Official Board 1949; 
Chairman Building Committee, 1950. Married Miss Ruth Ballard, 
July 20, 1936. Two children: Ruth Raye, age 13, and Philip Hugh, 
age 10. Address: Wendell, N. C. 

ROBERT LEE WHITMIRE 

Robert Lee Whitmire, Democrat, Representative from Hender- 
son County, was born in Brevard, N. C, January 21. 1898. Son of 
W. P. and Annie Floyd Whitmire. Attended Brevard and Hender- 
sonville High Schools; attended University of North Carolina Law 
School 1919-1921 and admitted to the Bar in 1921. Member Hen- 



Warren of Caswell 
White of Chowan 
Whitfield of Pender 



Whitley of Wake 
Whitmire of Henderson 
Wiggs of Johnston 



Williams of Nash 
Woltz of Surry 
Womble of Wake 



Woodard of Northampton 
Woolard of Washington 
Worthington of Pitt 



Varborough of Franklin 
Yates of Haywood 

Annie Cooper — Principal Clerk 




500 North Carolina Manual 

derson County Bar Association, North Carolina State Bar and 
American Bar Association. Chairman Hender&on County Board of 
Elections 1922-1924. Hendersonville City Attorney 1923-1932. 
Delegate to the Democratic National Convention 1924. Served as 
enlisted man in United States Army from April 1917 to Febru- 
ary 1919. Overseas 1918-1919. State Senator from 27th Sena- 
torial Disrict 1927. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1949. Member General Statutes Commission; Member Board of 
Trustees, University of North Carolina. Candidate for District 
Solicitor in 1934 and for Congress in 1938. Henderson County 
War Bond Drive Chairman during World War II. Commander 
Hendersonville Post of American Legion 1923 and 1924. President 
Hendersonville Rotary Club 1931. Member of Baptist Church, 
Masonic Lodge, American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars. 
Married Irene Louise Jones (now deceased) July 30, 1925, Madge 
Schacht Watson (now deceased) September 14, 1937, and Mar- 
garet Alice Davenport June 11, 1946. One child, Robert Lee Whit- 
mire, Jr., of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, born of first marriage. 
Address: Hendersonville, N. C. 

v. 

JOHN HAYDEN WIGGS 

John Hayden Wiggs, Democrat, Representative from Johnston 
County, was born in Selma, N. C, February 25, 1912. Son of 
John N. and Ophelia (Woodard) Wiggs. Attended Darlington 
School, Rome, Ga., 1930; Atlantic Christian College; University 
of North Carolina, A.B., 1934. Laundry and Dry Cleaning Busi- 
ness. Selma City Commissioner, 1937-1940. Member Kappa Alpha 
Fraternity. Episcopalian; Jr. Warden, 1950. Married Miss Mar- 
cia Stevens, June 11, 1938. Three sons: Johnny, Dickie, and Sefton 
Wiggs. Address: Box 365, Selma, N. C. 

THOMAS AVENT WILLIAMS 

Thomas Avent Williams, Democrat, Representative from Nash 
County, was born in Battleboro, May 14, 1905. Son of Edward 
Alston and Eula Lee (Avent) Williams. Attended Eastman Busi- 
ness College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Merchant and farmer. Town 
Commissioner, Battleboro, 1927-1939; Nash County Commissioner, 



Biographical Sketches 501 

1941-1948. Episcopalian; member Vestry since 1927, Senior War- 
den since 1945. Married Miss Vivian Nadine Hamill, August 28, 
1928. Five children: Tom, Jr., Nancy Lee, Vivian, Ralph, and Da- 
vid. Address : Battleboro, N. C. 

HOWARD OSLER WOLTZ, JR. 

Howard Osier Woltz, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Surry 
County, was born in Mount Airy, N. C, April 2, 1925. Son of 
Howard Osier and Louise (Elliott) Woltz. Attended Mount Airy 
High School, 1938-1942; University of Virginia; University of Vir- 
ginia Law School, 1948, LL.B. Attorney at Law. Member Phi Delta 
Phi, legal fraternity; Omicron Delta Kappa; Loyal Order of the 
Moose; Travelers Protective Association. Aviation Cadet, Naval 
Air Corps.; discharged due to injuries prior to active duty, Meth- 
odist. Married Miss Joan Elizabeth Moore, December 29, 1949. 
Address: Rt. 5, Mount Airy, N. C. , 

WILLIAM BRANTLEY WOMBLE 

William Brantley Womble, Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born in that county, August 6, 1896. Son of Andrew 
Thomas and Carrie Lee (Edwards) Womble. Attended Wake Coun- 
ty Public Schools; Cary High School; University of North Caro- 
lina, 1918-1921. Lawyer. Member of Wake County and North 
Carolina Bar Associations. Theta Chi Fraternity; Phi Alpha 
Delta (Law) ; Order of the Grail. Mason. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1933. Baptist. Married Miss Aetna Kath- 
erine Smith, October 22, 1923. Two children: Aetna Katherine 
and Barbara Womble. Married Miss Dorothy K. Riddle, May 22, 
1948. Address: Route 1, Cary, N. C. 

JOHN RAYNOR WOODARD 

John Raynor Woodard, Democrat, Representative from North- 
ampton County, was born at Pendleton, N. C, July 6, 1906. Son 
of Donald M. and Maggie (Maddrey) Woodard. Attended Buies 
Creek Academy, 1924-1925; Wake Forest College, graduating 1930; 



502 North Carolina Manual 

B.S. Degree. Merchant and farmer. Town Treasurer of Conway, 
1941-1948; Member of Northampton County Board of Education, 
1942-1943; Member of Northampton County Board of Commission- 
ers, 1943-1948. Member of Masonic Lodge; Scottish Rite Mason; 
York Rite Mason; Member of Sudan Temple Shrine; Member Ro- 
anoke Valley Shrine Club; Member of Raleigh Shrine Club; Mas- 
ter, Pendleton Masonic Lodg'e, 1943-1948. Representative in the 

General Assembly of 1949. Baptist; Deacon, 1939 ; Sunday 

School Superintendent, 1940-1946; Sunday School Teacher, 1931- 
1940, 1947-1950. Married Miss Bernice Norris, June 4, 1933. Two 
sons: John Raynor Woodard, Jr.; James Anderson Woodard. Ad- 
dress: Conway, N. C. 

WILLIAM JOSEPH WOOLARD 

William Joseph Woolard, Democrat, Representative from Wash- 
ington County, was born in Pitt County, N. C, February 24, 1914. 
Son of John Hyman and Louisa (Chauncey) Woolard. Attended 
Greenville Grammar and High Schools; East Carolina Teachers 
College, two years. Business Administration. Operator of retail 
Furniture store. Member, Plymouth Merchants' Association, Past 
President; Junior Chamber of Commerce; Plymouth Lions Club; 
President, Washington County Athletic Association; County Chair- 
man, American Red Cross Chapter. Mason, Perseverance Lodge 
No. 59; Shriner, Sudan Temple, New Bern, N. C. Methodist. 
Married Miss Evelyn Davis, August 7, 1937. Address: Ply- 
mouth, N. C. 

SAMUEL OTIS WORTHINGTON 

Samuel Otis Worthington, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Winterville, N. C, January 24, 1898. Son of 
Samuel G. and Lydia Campbell (Smith) Worthington. Attended 
Rural Schools, 1905-1912; Winterville High School, 1912 to 1917; 
University of North Carolina, two years of academic work and 
two years of law, fall of 1917 through summer of 1921, Attorney. 
Served in the Naval Unit of the S.A.T.C. at the University from 
September 1, 1918, to November, 1918. Served in N. C. State 



Biographical Sketches 503 

Guard October, 1943 to October, 1944. Representative from Pitt 
County in the General Assembly of 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 
and 1949. Member Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. Grand Chan- 
cellor of the Order of Knights of Pythias in the State of North 
Carolina from June, 1930 to July, 1931. Supreme Representative 
from Domain of North Carolina to Supreme Lodge Knights of 
Pythias, 1938-1948. Episcopalian. Married Miss Bessie Harrison, 
April 29, 1926. Two children: Lina Hackett Worthington, age 19; 
Samuel Otis Worthington, Jr., age 13. Address: Gi-eenville, N. C. 

EDWARD FOSTER YARBOROUGH 

Edward Foster Yarborough, Democrat, Representative from 
Franklin County, was born in Louisburg, N. C, February 10, 1910. 
Son of William Henry and Eloise (Hill) Yarborough. Attended 
Louisburg High School, 1924-1927; Woodberry Forest School, 
Woodberry Forest, Va., 1927-1928; University of North Carolina, 
1928-1931; Wake Forest Law School, graduating in 1939. Attorney 
at Law. Member, N. C. Bar Association; American Bar Associa- 
tion; Louisburg Lions Club, Director, 1948-1949, 1950-1951. Mason. 
Shriner, member Sudan Temple. Served in the Army of the United 
States, 1942-1946, discharged as Captain. Major, North Carolina 
National Guard, 1947 to date. Commander, Louisburg Post of 
American Legion, 1948-1949. Episcopalian; Secretary of St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church, Louisburg, N. C, 1948 to date; Bible Class 
Teacher since 1946; Lay Leader, 1949 to date; member of Vestry, 
1947 to date. Married Miss Nancy Hayes, February 8, 1948. Ad- 
dress: Louisburg, N. C. 

ORAL LOVE YATES 

Oral Love Yates, Democrat, Representative from Haywood 
County, was born in Waynesville, N. C, July 20, 1902. Son of 
Dock Pearson and Emma (Queen) Yates. Attended Iron Duff 
Grammar School, 1908-1915; Clyde High School, 1915-1919; West- 
ern Carolina Teachers College, 1919-1921; Cecil's Business College, 
1921-1922. Farmer. Member Brotherhood of Railway and Steam- 
ship Clerks, Legislative Representative, 1931-1933; American Farm 



504 North Carolina Manual 

Bureau. President, Haywood County Farm Bureau, 1949-1950. Di- 
rector, American Red Cross, Waynesville Chapter, for three-year 
term beginning- July 1, 1949; roll call chairman. Red Cross 
Waynesville area, 1950. Regional Advisor of Eighth Region, Books 
for Germany, 1949. Chairman Crabtree-Iron Duff School Board, 
1936-1942; President, Parent-Teacher Association, 1947 to present. 
Assistant Scout Master, Troop No. 8, 1945-1946; chairman. Scout 
Committee, Troop 11, 1946-1950. Ranked third in corn yield in 
North Carolina in 1949 with a yield of 137.28 bushels per acre. 
Methodist; Di.strict Steward, 1942-1948; teacher Young Ladies' 
Bible Class, 1945-1948; member Board of Stewards, 1950-1951; 
teacher Men's Bible Class, 1950-1951; member Board of Temper- 
ance since 1942. Married Miss Frances Pearl Justice, 1935. Two 
children: Frances Emma, age 13; 0. L., Jr., age 6. Address: Hill 
'n Dale Farm, Waynesville, N. C. 



OCCUPATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 1951 



SENATE 



LAWYERS 

Allsbrook, Julian R. 
Bailey, James H. Pou 
Earnhardt, Luther E. 
Bell, Daniel L. 
Burgwyn, W. H. S., Jr. 
Carlyle, Irving E. 
Carruthers, Joseph T., Jr. 
Copeland, J. William 
Dearman, C. H. 
Dorsett, Charles H. 
Fountain, L. H. 
Frink, S. Bunn 
Gold, Charles F. 
Hobgood, Hamilton 
Horton, Hugh G. 
Johnson, Rivers D. 
Jones, R. S. 
Larkins, John D., Jr. 
Leatherman, M. T. 
Lennon, Alton A. 
Little, R. E. 
Medford, William 
Page, J. Thomas 
Powell, Junius K. 
Price, J. Hampton 
Watts, Wesley C. 
Weaver, Zebulon, Jr. 
Woodson, Nelson 
Young, J. R. 

FARMERS 

Banks, Donald 
Campen, Sam M. 
Copeland, J. William 
Eagles, J. C, Jr. 
Hancock, Wills III 



Hicks, Carl T. 
Jones, Dr. Paul E. 
Little, R. E. 
Lowder, James P. 
Nolan, Clyde 
Talton, Hardy 
Watts, Wesley C. 
Whitley, Adam J., 



Jr. 



COTTON GIN OWNER 

Westbrook, E. A. 

DAIRYMEN 

Morris, Harvey 
Scott, Ralph H. 
Whitley, Adam J., Jr. 

DENTIST 

Jones, Dr. Paul E. 

INSURANCE 

Jones, R. Posey 
Stoney, A. B. 

LUMBERMAN 

Banks, Donald 

MANUFACTURER 

Rankin, R. Grady 

MERCHANTS 

Campen, Sam M. 
Eller, H. P. 
Jones, R. Posey 
Morris, Harvey 
Westbrook, E. A. 
Winslow, J. Emmett 



505 



506 



North Carolina Manual 



OIL JOBBER 

Winslow, J. Emmett 



PEACH GROWER 

Poole, J. Hawley 



SERVICE STATION 
OPERATOR 

Morris, Harvey 

TEACHER 

Lowder, James P. 

RADIO STATION PRESIDENT TOBACCONISTS 

Sawyer, Thomas B. Eagles, J. C. Jr. 

Talton, Hardy 

TRANSPORTATION 

Eller, H. P. 

WAREHOUSEMAN 

Jones, R. Posey 



REALTORS 

Hancock, Wills III 
Nolan, Clyde 
Watts, Wesley C. 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 



LAWYERS 

Atkins, Bill 
Barker, Oscar G. 
Bender, R. P. 
Blackwell, Winfield 
Bost, E. T., Jr. 
Branch, Joseph 
Brock, B. C. 
Brown, Wade E. 
Clark, David 
Crissman, Walter E. 
Dellinger, David P. 
Edwards, Herman 
Falls, B.T., Jr. 
Fisher, Ralph R. 
Floyd, F. Wayland 
Fountain, Ben E. 
Gudger, Lamar 
Henderson, David H. 
Hewlett, Addison, Jr. 
Holmes, Carroll R. 



Horton, O. Lee 
Lassiter, Robert, Jr. 
Long, George A. 
Love, Claude L. 
McDuffie, F. J. 
McRorie, Robert G., Sr. 
Moore, Larry I., Jr. 
Parrott, Marion A. 
Pittman, James H. 
Pope, William R. 
Pritchett, J. T. 
Ramsay, Kerr Craige 
Regan, John B. 
Rodman, Wm. B. 
Sanders, Richard T. 
Satterfield, B. I. 
Shreve, Clyde A. 
Stoner, Paul G. 
Taylor, Roy A. 
Taylor, W. Frank 
Taylor, William W., Jr. 



Occupations 



507 



LAWYERS-Cont. 

Turner, Thomas 
Uzzell, George R. 
Venters, Carl V. 
White, John F. 
Whitmire, R. Lee 
Woltz, Howard 0., Jr. 
Womble, W. Brantley 
Worthington, Sam 0. 
Yarborough, Edward F. 

FARMERS 

Allen, Thomas W. 
Anderson, E. G. 
Brown, Frank H., Jr. 
Bryant, Charles, Sr. 
Burgess, S. E. 
Combs, Lewis L. 
Dalrymple, Robert W. 
Doughton, J. K. 
Edwards, A. C. 
Fisher, Troy A. 
Floyd, F. Wayland 
Fountain, Ben E. 
Goodman, Spencer B. 
Gregory, Carson 
Hardison, Burl G. 
Home, Ben A. 
Kilpatrick, Frank M. 
Kiser, Roger C. 
Little, Earl F. 
Little, Hal W. 
Maddrey, C. Gordon 
Moore, H. M. 
Moore, Larry L, Jr. 
Page, G. Troy 
Regan, John B. 
Royster, Fred S. 
Satterfield, B. L 



Scott, W. Herman 
Spruill, C. Wayland 
Steed, Joe D. 
Swindell, Russell A. 
Tew, J. E. 
Warren, Joseph H. 
Whitfield, J. V. 
Whitley, Phil R. 
Williams, Tom A. 
Woodard, J. Raynor 
Yates, Oral L. 

ACCOUNTANT 

Fields, W. R. 

BARBERS 

Gobble, F. L. 
Massey, Dennis 

BARBER AND BEAUTY 

SCHOOL OPERATOR 

Gobble, F. L. 

BUILDING & LOAN 

Kirkman, 0. Arthur 

BUILDING SUPPLY DEALER 

Collier, T. J. 

BUSINESSMAN 

Goodman, Spencer B. 

COTTON DEALER 

Greene, Harry A. 

COTTON GINNER 

Page, G. Troy 

DAIRYMEN 

Gregory, Carson 
Moore, Larry I. Jr. 



508 



North Carolina Manual 



ELECTRICAL ENGINEER 

Bryant, Charles, Sr. 

FERTILIZER DEALER 

Greene, Harry A. 

FUNERAL DIRECTOR 

Dill, George W., Jr. 

FURNITURE STORE OPERATOR 

Woolard, W. J. 

GAS & OIL DEALER 

Avant, Homer G. 

GAS & OIL DISTRIBUTOR 

Carr, R. M. 

HARDWARE MERCHANT 

Ward, Wiley L. 

INSURANCE 

Etheridge, R. Bruce 
Ireland, W. N. 
Pou, Edwin S. 
Umstead, J. W., Jr. 

INSURANCE & BONDS 

Burleson, Jeter C. 

LAUNDRY & DRY CLEANING 

Wiggs, J. Hayden 

LAW SCHOOL OPERATOR 

Love, Claude L. 

LUMBER MANUFACTURERS 

Collier, T. J. 
Gentry, Todd H. 

LUMBERMEN 

Burleson, Jeter C. 
Dawkins, J. L. 
Marshall, Wm. F., Jr. 
Ward, Wiley L. 



MANUFACTURERS 

Burfoot, Noah 
Elliott, Wm. P. 
Spruill, C. Wayland 

MERCHANTS 

Askew, Allen E. 
Bryson, C. Tom 
Clark, Clarence S. 
Hardison, Burl G. 
Johnson, E. R. 
Little, Hal W. 
Maddrey, C. Gordon 
Mintz, Harry L., Jr. 
O'Herron, E. M., Jr. 
Page, G. Troy 
Scott, W. Herman 
Spruill, C. Wayland 

Vogler, James B. 
Whitley, Phil R. 
Williams, Tom A. 
Woodard, J. Raynor 
MINISTER 

Leinbach, Roy E. Jr. 

PETROLEUM DEALER 

Duncan, J. H. 

PHYSICIAN 

Sams, W. A., Dr. 

PORTRAIT PAINTER 

King, Joe 

PRINTER 

Quinn, Dwight W. 

PUBLISHER 

Blue, H. Clifton 

RAILROAD OFFICIAL 

Kirkman, O. Arthur 



Occupations 



509 



REALTORS 

Fountain, Ben E. 
Kilpatrick, Frank M. 
Scott, W. Herman 



TAX CONSULTANT 

Blackwell, Winfield 



TEACHER 

Moore, H. M. 



THEATRE OWNER AND 

OPERATOR 

Brantley, R. E. 



TOBACCO COMPANY 



EMPLOYEE 



Powell, R. G. 



TOBACCO WAREHOUSEMAN 

Warren, Joseph H. 

TOBACCONISTS 

Anderson, E. G. 
Royster, Fred S. 



PART VIII 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 

President Harry S. Truman, Missouri 

Vice President Alben \V. Barkley, Kentucl^y 

THE CABINET 

Secretary of State Dean Acheson, Maryland 

Secretary of the Treasury John W. Synder, Missouri 

Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall, Virginia 

Attorney General Howard McGrath, Rhode Island 

Postmaster General Jesse M. Donaldson, Illinois 

Secretary of the Interior Oscar L. Chapman, Colorado 

Secretary of Agriculture Charles F. Brannan, Colorado 

Secretary of Commerce Charles Sawyer, Ohio 

Secretary of Labor Maurice J. Tobin, Massachusetts 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

SENATORS 

Clyde R. Hoey Shelby 

Willis Smith Raleigh 

REPRESENTATIVES 

First District Herbert C. Bonner Washington 

Second District John H. Kerr Warrenton 

Third District Graham A. Barden New Bern 

Fourth District Harold D. Cooley Nashville 

Fifth District Thurmond Chatham Winston-Salem 

Sixth District Carl T. Durham Chapel Hill 

Seventh District F. Ertel Carlyle Lumberton 

Eighth District C. B. Deane Rockingham 

Ninth District R. L. Doughton Laurel Springs 

Tenth District Hamilton C. Jones Charlotte 

Eleventh District Woodrow W. Jones Rutherfordton 

Twelfth District Monroe M. Redden Hendersonville 

UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT 

Fred M. Vinson Chief Justice Kentucky 

Harold H. Burton Associate Justice Ohio 

Hugo L. Black Associate Justice Alabama 

Stanley F. Reed Associate Justice Kentucky 

Felix Frankfurter Associate Justice Massachusetts 

William 0. Douglas Associate Justice Washington 

Tom C. Clark Associate Justice Texas 

Robert H. Jackson Associate Justice New York 

Sherman Minton Associate Justice Indiana 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS IN NORTH CAROLINA 

JUDGES 

Eastern District Don L. Gilliam Tarboro 

Middle District J. J. Hayes Wilkesboro 

Western District Wilson Warlick Newton 

CLERKS 

Eastern District A. Hand James _ Raleigh 

Middle District Henry Reynolds Greensboro 

Western District Oscar L. McClurd Asheville 

DISTRICT ATTORNEYS 

Eastern District John Hall Manning Raleigh 

Middle District Bryce R. Holt Greensboro 

Western District T. A. Uzzell, Jr.. / Asheville 

UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS 

For the Fourth Circuit 

Judge John J. Parker Charlotte 

513 

17 



STATE GOVERNMENT 

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

President of the Senate H. P. Taylor .Aiis( n 

Speaker of the House of Representatives W. Frank Taylor Wayne 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Governor ! W. Kerr Scott Alamanc e 

Lt.-Governor : .'. H. P. Taylor Anson 

Secretary of State . *fhad Eure Hertford 

Auditor *Henry L. Bridges Guilford 

Treasurer *Brandon P. Hojges Buncombe 

Superintendent of Pub. Instruction *Clyde A. Er^-in Rutherford 

Attorney-General Harry McMuUan Beaufort 

t ommissioner of Agriculture *L. Y. Ballentine Wake 

Commissioner of Lahor ♦Forrest H. Shuford Guilford 

Commissioner of Insurance *V\'aldo C. Cheek Randolj.h 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 

Justices of ths Suprama Court 

Chief Justice W. P. Stacy *Raleigh 

Associate Justice W. A. Devin *Raleigh 

Associate Justice M. V. Barnhill *Raleigh 

Associate Justice J. Wallace V\ inborne *Raleigh 

Associate Justice E. B. Denny *Raleigh 

Associate Justice Sam J. Ervia, Jr *Raleigh 

Associate Justice Je f D. Johnson, Jr *Raleigh 

Librarian Dillard S. Gardner Raleigh 

Marshal Dillard S. Gardner Raleigh 

Clerk Adrian J. Newton ' Raleigh 

Reporter John M. Strong Raleigh 

Judges of Suparior Court 

First District Chester Morris Currituck 

Second District W. J. Bone Nashville 

Third District R. Hunt Parker Roanoke Rapids 

Fourth District Clawson L. Williams Sanford 

Fifth District J. Paul Frizzelle Snow Hill 

Sixth District Henry L. Stevens, Jr Warsaw 

Seventh District W. ( '. Harris Raleigh 

Eighth District J.J. Burney Wilmington 

Ninth District Q. K. Nimocks, Jr FayetteviUe 

Tenth District Leo Carr Burlington 

Eleventh District J. H. Clement Walkertown 

Twelfth District H. Hoyle Sink Greensboro 

Thirteenth District F. Donald Phillips Rockingham 

Fourteenth District William H. Bobbitt Charlotte 

Fifteenth District Frank M. Armstrong Troy 

Sixteenth District J. C. Rudisill , Newton 

Seventeenth District ... J. A. Rousseau N. Wilkesboro 

Eighteenth District J. W. Pless, Jr Marion 

Nineteenth District Zeb V. Nettles Asheville 

Twentieth District Dan K. Moore Sylva 

Twenty-first District Allen H. Gwyn Reidsville 

♦Constitute the Council of State (Attorney-General is the legal adviser to the Executive Department). 

♦Official (not legal) residences. 

Special Judges 

Harold K. Bennett .Asheville 

W. H. S. Burgwyn Woodland 

A. R. Crisp Lenoir 

Howard G. Godwin Dunn 

William I. Halstead South Mills 

William T. Hatch Raleigh 

George B. Patton Franklin 

Susie Sharp Reidsville 

514 



State Government 515 



Emergency Judges 

Felix E. Alley Way nesville 

Henry A. Grady New Bern 

Luiher Hamilton Morehead City 

Solicitors 

First District Walter Cohoon Elizabeth CUy 

Second District Cieorc;e M. Fountain Tarboro 

Third District E. R." Tyler Roxobel 

Fourth District W. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Fifth District W.J. Bundy Greenville 

Sixth District Walter T. Britt Clinton 

Seventh District \\'illiara Y. Bickett Raleigh 

Eighth District Clifton L. Moore Burgaw 

Ninth District Malcolm B. Seawell Lumberton 

Tenth District William H. Murdock • Durham 

Eleventh District Walter E. Johnston, Jr Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District Ch£,ries T. Hagan, Jr Greensboro 

Thirteenth District M. G. Boyette Carthage 

Fourteenth District Basil L. Whitener Gastonia 

Fifteenth District Zeb A. Morris Concord 

Sixteenth District James C. Farthing Lenoir 

Seventeenth District J. AUie Hayes N. Wilkesboro 

Eighteenth District Clarence 0. Ridings Forest City 

Nineteenth District W. K. McLean .■Isheville 

Twentieth District T. D. Bryson, Jr Bryson City 

Twenty-first District Ralph J. Scott Danbury 

HEADS OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS, BOARDS AND COMMLSSIONS 

Adjutant General J. Van B. Metts New Hanover 

Department of Agriculture L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner Wake 

Board of Alcoholic Control Robt. W. Winston, Chairman Wake 

State Department of Archives and History. . .Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director Wake 

Art Society Lucy Cherry Crisp, Exec. Sec'y Pitt 

Banking Department Guruey P. Hood, Commissioner Wayne 

Commission for the Blind H. A. Wood, Exec. Sec'y Lincoln 

Budget Bureau D. S. Coltrane, Assistant Director Randolph 

Bjildings and Grounds George B. Cherry, Superi.atendent Wake 

Department of Conservation 

and Development George R. Ross, Director Randolph 

Board of Correction and Training S. E. Leonard, Commissioner Edgecombe 

State Board of Education C. D. Douglas, Controller Wake 

State Board of Elections R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary Wake 

Employment Security Commission Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Cleveland 

State Employment Service Ernest C. McCracken, Director Haywood 

State Board of Health Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Secretary Wake 

State Highway Patrol James R. Smith, Commander New Hanover 

State Highway and Pub'ic Worts 

Commission Dr. Henry W. Jordan, Chairman Randolph 

N. C. Hospitals Board of Control Dr. David A. Young, Superintendent. 

Mental Hygiene Wake 

R. M. Purser, Business Manager Wayne 

Industrial Commission J. Frank Huskins, Chairman Yancey 

Department of Insurance Waldo C. Cheek, Commissioner Randolph 

Bureau of Investigation Walter F. Anderson, Director ; . . . . .Mecklenburg 

Department of Justice Harry McMuUan, Attorney General. . .-. .-, ,■.'.. . . .Beaufort 

Department of Labor Forrest H. Shuford, Commissioner. . . ....■'. Guilford 

Library Commission Elizabeth House, Secretary .'. .V. .' Martin 

State Library C^arrie L. Broughton, Librarian. .'. Wake 

Local Government Commission W. E. Easterling, Secretary Wake 

Medical Care Commission Dr. John A. Ferrell, Executive Secretary Wake 

Merit System Council *Dr. Frank T. DeVyver, Supervisor Durham 

Department Motor Vehicles Landon C. Rosser, Commissioner C^hatham 

Municipal Board of Control Thad Eure, Secretary (E.x-officio) Hertford 

*Address: Durham, N. C. All other official addresses, Raleigh, N. C. 



516 North Carolina Manual 



Paroles Commission Dr. T. C. Johnson, Commissioner Catawba 

Personnel Department J. W. McDevitt, Director Madison 

Probation Commission N. F. Ransdell, Director Wake 

Department of Public Instruction Dr. Clyde A. Erwin, Superintendent Rutherford 

State Board of Public Welfare Dr. Ellen B. Winston, Commissioner Wake 

Division of Purchase and Contract Charles M. Williams, Director Alamance 

Recreation Commission James S. Stevens, Jr. (Acting Director) Wake 

Retirement System Nathan Yelton, Secretary Mitchell 

Department of Revenue Eugene G. Shaw, Commissioner Guilford 

Rural Electrification Authority Gwyn B. Price, Chairman Ashe 

Supreme Court Dillard S. Gardner, Librarian and Marshal Orange 

Adrian J. Newton, Clerk Davidson 

John M. Strong, Reporter Wake 

Department of Tax Research James S. Currie, Director Orange 

Utilities Commission Stanley Winborne, Chairman Hertford 

Veterans Commission James M. Caldwell, Director Cabarrus 

Wildlife Resources Commission Clyde P. Patton, Executive Director Wake 

HEADS OF STATE HOSPITALS. CORRECTIONAL AND 
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 

Confederate Woman's Home Mrs. Pauline Carter , Fayetteville 

Correctional 
White 

Eastern Carolina Industrial Training 

School for Boys Wm. D.JClark Rocky Mount 

State Home and Industrial School 

for Girls, Samarcand Reva'Mitchell Eagle Springs 

Stonewall Jackson Manual Training 

and Industrial School J. Frank Scott Concord 

Negro 

Morrison Training School for Negro Boys . Paul R. Brown Hoffman 

Training School for Negro Girls Mae D. Holmes Kinston 

Educational 
White 

Appalachian State Teachers College B. B. Dougherty Boone 

East Carolina Teachers College J. D. Messick Greenville 

N. C. School for the Deaf Dr. C. E. Rankin Morganton 

O.xford Orphanage A. D. Leon Gray Oxford 

Pembroke State College Ralph D. Wellons Pembroke 

The State School for the Blind 

and the Deaf E. N. Peeler .Raleigh 

University of North Carolina: 

President Gordon Gray Chapel Hill 

Chapel Hill Unit, Chancellor R. B. House Chapel Hill 

State College Unit, Chancellor J. W. Harrelson Raleigh 

Woman's College Unit, Chancellor Edward K. Graham Greensboro 

Western North Carolina Teachers College Paul Reid Cu'lowhee 

Negro 

Agricultural and Technical College F. D. Bluford Greensboro 

Elizabeth City State Teachers College S. D. Williams Elizabeth City 

Fayetteville State Teachers College J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

N. C. College at Durham Alfonso Elder Durham 

The Colored Orphanage of North Carolina . . . T. A. Hamme Oxford 

The State School for the Blind and Deaf E. N. Peeler Raleigh 

Winston-Salem State Teachers College F. L. Atkins Winston-Salem 



County Government 517 



Hospitals 
White 

Caswell Training School Dr. William C. Byrd, Sr Kinston 

N. C. Sanatoriums for Treatment of 
Tuberculosis: 

N. C. Sanatorium Dr. H. S. Willis McCam 

Eastern Sanatorium Dr. H. F. Eason Wilson 

Western Sanatorium Dr. C. D. Thomas Black Mountain 

N. C. Orthopedic Hospital Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

State Hospital Dr. James Murdock Butner 

State Hospital Dr. J. S. McKee Morganton 

State Hospital Dr. Edward N. Pleasants Raleigh 

Negro 

State Hospital Dr. Ira C. Long Ooldsboro 

HEADS OF SOME ORGANIZATIONS OTHER THAN STATE AGENCIES 

N. C. Association Clerks Superior Court W. S. Babcock, Secretary Treasury Tarboro 

N. C. Association County Commissioners ... J. Henry Vaughan, Secretary Elm City 

N. C. Burial Association John I. Barnes. Commissioner Clayton 

N. C. Citizens Association, Inc Lloyd Griffin, E.xecutive Vice-President Raleigh 

N. C. Education Association Mrs. Ethel Perkins Edwards, Executive 

Secretary Raleigh 

N. C. Fire Insurance Rating Bureau Landon Hill, Manager Raleigh 

Institute of Government Albert Coates, Director Chapel Hill 

N. C. League of Municipalities Mrs. Davetta L. Steed, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

N. C. Teachers Association W. L. Greene, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

Sheriffs Association John R. Morris, Sec'y.-Treas Wilmmgton 

Social Security Board J. H. Ingle, Manager Raleigh 

N. C. State Bar E. L. Cannon, Sec'y-Treas Raleigh 

State Employees' Credit Union W. W. Jones, Treasurer Raleigh 



COUNTY GOVERNMENT 

ALAMANCE 

Alamance County was founded in 1849 from Oraiije. The name is supposed to be derived from an 
Indian word meaning "blue clay." The county gets its name from Alamance Creek, on the banks of which 
was fought the battle between the colonial troops under Governor Tryon and the Regulators, May 16, 1771. 

Population, 71,220 County Seat, Graham 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 16th District Ralph H. Scott Rt. 1, Haw River 

Member House of Representatives George A. Long Burlington 

Clerk Superior Court D. J. Walker, Jr G aham 

Register of Deeds : J. G. Tingen Graham 

Sheriff C. H. Moore Graham 

Treasurer George E. Holt, Jr Graham 

Auditor Owen and Hogan Graham 

Tax Supervisor Jos. \V. Cole Grahim 

Tax Collector D. K. Muse Graham 

County Accountant Jos. W. Cole Graha n 

Coroner Dr. J. B. Walker, Jr Burlington 

Surveyor J. Mark McAdams Elon College 

County Health Officer Dr. R. E. Coker, Jr Burlington 

Supt. of Schools M. E. Yount Grahim 

Supt. of Public Welfare G.J. Anderson Haw River 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Katherine Millsaps .'. . , Burhngton 

Colored Carrie S. Wilson Graham 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. W. Bason Graham 

C9lored Plese Corbett Mebane 

Chairman Board Education Henry A. Scott Haw River 

Chairman Board Elections H. Clay Hemric Burlington 

District Game & Fish Protector Vance M. Perry Graham 

Forest Warden James A. Altman Elon College 

County Manager Jos. W. Cole Burlington 

County Attorney L. C. Allen Burlington 

Veterans Service Officer Porter Scott Burlington 

General County Court: 

Judge John H. Vernon Burlington 

Solicitor Eugene A. Gordon Burlington 

Burlington Municipal Court: 

Judge C. C. Gates, Jr Burlington 

Solicitor Kenneth W. Young Burlington 

Commissioners 

Chairman L. P. Best. Mebane 

Commissioner M. C. Loy Burlington 

Commissioner C. G. Somers Burlington 

Commissioner W. Hale Duncan Burlington 

Commissioner Ralph M. Holt ' Burlington 



ALEXANDER 

Alexander County was formed in 1847 from Iredell, Caldwell, and Wilkes. Was named in honor of 
William J. Alexander, of Mecklenburg County, several times a member of the Legislature and Speaker of 
the House of Commons. 

Population, 14,554 County Seat, Taylorsville 

State Senator 28th District A. B. Stoney Morgan ton 

Member House of Representatives Earl F, Little Taylorsvill? 

518 



County Government 519 



Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Superior Court Charlie R. Watts Taylorsville 

Register of Deeds W. Ray Lackey Taylorsville 

Sheriff T. Elisha Bebber Taylorsville 

Tax Supervisor Gerald L. Gwaltney Taylorsville 

Tax Collector Hilmar Earp Taylorsville 

County Accountant Gerald L. GwaHney Taylorsville 

Coroner Ray E. Chapman Taylorsville 

Surveyor Willie L. Harrington Taylorsville 

County Health Officer Dr. M. P. Rudolph Newton 

Supt. of Schools Sloane W Payne Taylorsville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Luther Dyson Taylorsville 

Home Demonstration Agent Agnes Watts Taylorsville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Price Brawley Taylorsville 

Chairman Board Education W. S. Patterson Stony Point 

Chairman Board Elections Paul S. Lackey Taylorsville 

District Game & Fish Protector Frank Reese Taylorsville 

County Attorney A. C. Payne Taylorsville 

Veterans Service Officer Dewey R. Warren Taylorsville 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. C. Fortner Taylorsville 

Commissioner Albert L. Bowman Taylorsville 

Commissioner Atwell Alexander Stony Point 

ALLEGHANY 

Alleghany County was formed in 1859 from Ashe. The name is derived from an Indian tribe in the 
limits of North Carolina. 

Population, 8,155 County Seat, Sparta 

State Senator 29th District *W. B. Reeves West Jefferson 

Member House of Representatives J. K. Doughton Sparta 

Clerk Superior Court Gene R. Irwin Sparta 

Register of Deeds Ernest E. Edwards Sparta 

Sheriff Porter C. Collins Sparta 

Treasurer Porter C. Collins Sparta 

Auditor Ruby Irwin Sparta 

Tax Supervisor Ernest E. Edwards Sparta 

Tax Collector Porter C. Collins Sparta 

County Accountant Ruby Irwin Sparta 

Coroner Lee M. Woodruff Sparta 

Surveyor C. G. Fender Sparta 

County Health Officer Dr. Mary B. Michael Sparta 

Supt. of Schools Miss Clyde Fields Sparta 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Doris W. Busic Sparta 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Francis C. Wagoner Sparta 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. E. Black Sparta 

Chairman Board Education Glen N. Evans Ennice 

Chairman Board Elections Cecil J. Murray Sparta 

District Game & Fish Protector Dewitt Bryan Glade Valley 

Forest Warden George Royall Roaring Gap 

County Attorney R. F. Crouse Sparta 

County Librarian Mrs. Carrie Askew Whitehead 

Veterans Service Officer Gene R. Irwin Sparta 

Commissioners 

Chairman Dillon M . Edwards Ennice 

Commissioner Guy T. Perry Piney Creek 

Commissioner J. C. Gambill Independence, Va. 



•Died Jap 5, ir51. 



520 North Carolina Manual 



ANSON 

Anson County was formed in 1749 from Bladen. Was named in honor of George Lord Anson, a cel- 
ebrated English admiral who circumnaviTated the Q;lobe. He lived for awhile on the Pee Dee in South 
Carolina. In ITfil he was given the honor of bringing to her marriage with Kiag George III, Charlotte, 
Princess of Mecklenburg, for whom Mecklenburg County was named. 

Population, 26,781 County Seat, Wadesboro 

Officer Officer Address 

State Senators 19th District R. E. Little Wadesboro 

James P. Lowder Norwood 

Member House of Representatives Hal W. Little Wadesboro 

Clerk Superior Court E. A. Hightower Wadesboro 

Register of Deeds Francis E. Liles Wadesboro 

Sheriff Ben M. Rivers Wadesboro 

Treasurer Francis E. Liles Wadesboro 

Auditor Francis E. Liles Wadesbore 

Tax Supervisor : Francis E. Liles Wadesboro 

Tax Collector W. C. Hardison Wadesboro 

County Accountant Francis E. Liles Wadesboro 

Coroner H. H. Leavitt, Jr Wadesboro 

Surveyor Frank S. Clarke Ausonville 

County Health Officer Dr. W. D. Carter (Acting) Wadesboro 

Supt. of Schools J. 0. Bowman Wadesboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Esther Humphreys Wadesboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Delores H. Earley Wadesboro 

Colored Margaret R. Kirk Wadesboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. W. Cameron Wadesboro 

Colored H. H. Price Wadesboro 

Chairman Board Education M. D. Taft Wadesboro 

Chairman Board Elections W. L. Asheraft Wadesboro 

District Game & Fish Protector Ralph GrifBn W adesboro 

Forest Warden Lamar Ratliff Rt. 3, Wadesboro 

County Attorney Taylor, Kitchin & Taylor Wadesboro 

County Librarian Helen Thompson Wadesboro 

Veterans Service Officer Robert C. Covington Wadesboro 

County Criminal Court: 

Judge Sydney F. Caligan Wadesboro 

Solicitor George C. Childs Wadesboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman Dr. F. Y. Sorrell Wadesboro 

Commissioner Henry H. Morton Rt. 1, Morven 

Commissioner L. C. Springer Rt. 2, Wadesboro 

Commissioner W. H. Edwards Peachland 

Commissioner Bennett M. Edwards Wadesboro 

ASHE 

Ashe County was formed in 1799 from Wilkes. Was named in honor of Samuel Ashe of New Hanover, 
brother of General John Ashe. Samuel Ashe was Revolutionary patriot, one of the first judges of the 
state, and afterwards governor. 

Population, 21,878 County Seat, Jefferson 

State Senator 29th District *W. B. Reeves West Jefferson 

Member House of Representatives Todd H. Gentry West Jefferson 

Clerk Superior Court C. S. Neal Jefferson 

Register of Deeds J. D. Stansberry Jefferson 

Sheriff W. R. Roten Jefferson 

*Died Jan, 5, 1951. 



County Government 521 



Office Officer Address 

Treasurer \V. R. Roten Jefferson 

Auditor 8mith & Grisette Jefferson 

Tax Supervisor H. H. Burgess Jefferson 

Tax Collector Elizabeth V. Miller Jefferson 

County Accountant 0. S. Neal Jefferson 

Coroner ' R. R. Badger West Jefferson 

Surveyor \V. P. Colvard Grassy Creek 

County Health OflBcer Dr. Mary B. Michael Jefferson 

Supt. of Schools A, B. Hurt Jefferson 

Supt. of Public Welfare Frances Tucker Jefferson 

Home Demonstration Agent Fay Robinson Jefferson 

Farm Demonstration Agent D. F. Tugman Jefferson 

Chairman Board Education L. P. Colvard Jefferson 

Chairman Board Elections H. H. Lemly Fleetwood 

District Game & Fish Protector Roland Koontz Jefferson 

Forest Warden Ralph Tomlinson Fleetwood 

County Attorneys W. B. Austin-I. T. Johnston Jefferson 

County Librarian Mrs. C. D. Neal W. . .Jefferson 

Veterans Service 
Officer W. Parks Colvard Jefferson 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. E. Vannoy West Jefferson 

Commissioner John Houck Grumpier 

Commissioner Edd Davis Tuckerdale 

AVERY 

Avery County was formed in 1911 from Mitchell, Watauga, and Caldwell. Was named in honor of 
Colonel Waightstill Avery "of Revolutionary fame," Attorney-general of North Carolina, 1777-1779. 

Population, 13,352 County Seat, Newland 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 30th District Donald Banks Rt. 1, Burnsville 

Member House of Representatives W. R. Fields Elk Park 

Clerk Superior Court C. H. Pittman Newland 

Register of Deeds Grant Webb Newland 

Sheriff W. H. Hughes Newland 

Treasurer Avery County Bank Newland 

Tax Supervisor Earnest L. Johnson ■ Newland 

Tax Collector Earnest L. Johnson Newland 

County Accountant Morris Isaac Newland 

Coroner Earl LaBarbera Newland 

Surveyor Paul Banner Banner Elk 

County Health Officer Dr. Cameron McRae Burnsville 

Supt. of Schools George M. Bowman Elk Park 

Supt. of Public Welfare W. W. Braswell Montezuma 

Home Demonstration Agent Marie Scott Newland 

Farm Demonstration Agent Sam Gartner Newland 

Chairman Board Education R. T. Lewis Mmneapolis 

Chairman Board Elections R. W. Wall Newland 

District Game & Fish Protector W. M. Carpenter Three Mile 

Forest Warden J. M. Vance Crossnore 

County Attorney Chas. Hughes Newland 

County Librarian Mrs. Dorthy B. Thomas Newland 

Veterans Service Officer K. L. Haga Newland 

Commissioners 

Chairman Sam L. Heaton Ingalls 

Commissioner Ben H. Isaac Newland 

Commissioner Floyd Hayes Elk Park 



522 North Carolina Manual 

beaufort 

Beaufort County was formed in 1705 from Bath. Was first called Archdale and name changed to 
Beaufort about 1712, It was named in honor of Henry .Somerset, Duke of Beaufort, who in 1709 became 
one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. He purchased the share originally owned by the Duke of Albe- 
marle. 

Population, 37,134 County Seat, Washington 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 2nd District Sam M. Campen Alliance 

Hugh G. Morton Williamston 

Member House of Representatives Wm. B. Rodman Washington 

Clerk Superior Court Bryan Marslender Washington 

Register of Deeds C. C. Duke Washington 

Sheriff William Rumley Washington 

Treasurer W. A. Blount Washington 

Auditor W. A. Blount Washington 

Tax Supervisor W. A. Blount Washington 

Tax Collector D. E. Redditt Washington 

County Accountant W. A. Blount Washington 

Coroner J. Bonner Paul Washington 

Supt. of Schools W. F. Veasey Washington 

Supt. of Public Welfare Lora P. Wilkie Washington 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Almeta Edwards Washington 

Colored Vivian Morris Washington 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. L. McGahey Washington 

Colored Chester Bright Washington 

Chairman Board Education Ralph H. Hodges Washington 

Chairman Board Elections . W. B. Carter Washington 

District Game & Fish Protectors Charles J. Overton South Creek 

Charlie Spain Washington 

Forest Warden W. A. Woolard RFD, Washington 

County Attorney M. C. Paul Washington 

County Librarian Mrs. Ford S. Worthy Washington 

Veterans Service Officer James T. McKeel Wa.shington 

Re^orders'Courts: 
Aurora: 

Judge W. W. Langley Aurora 

Solicitor W. A. Thompson Aurora 

Belhaven: 

Judge M. M. Jones Belhaven 

Solicitor J. D. Grimes, Jr Washington 

Washington: 

'. Judge L.'H.'Ross Washington 

Solicitor J._D. Grimes, Jr \^'ashington 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. Irving Hodges RFD, Washington 

Commissioner Max F. Thompson Aurora 

Commissioner A. D. Swindell Pantego 

Commissioner Mark A. Taylor Blounts Creek 

Commissioner L. Carmer Alligood Rt. 1, Washington 

BERTIE 

Bertie County was formed in 1722 from Bath. Was named in honor of James and Henry Bertie, 
Lords Proprietors, who in 1728 owned the share of Lord Clarendon. 

Population, 26,439 County Seat, Windsor 



County Government 523 



Office Officer Address 

State Senators Ist District J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

Member House of Representatives C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

Clerk Superior Court George C. Spoolman Windsor 

Register of Deeds L. S. Mizelle Windsor 

Sheriff Thos. E. Joyner Windsor 

Treasurer Mrs. Ethel R. Cherry Windsor 

Tax Supervisor L. S. Mizelle Windsor 

Tax Collector Lacy M, Early Windsor 

Coroner Goodwin Byrd Windsor 

County Health Officer Dr. Cola Castelloe (Acting) Windsor 

Supt. of Schools John L. Dupree Windsor 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Norma P. Smith Windsor 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Agnes Beale Windsor 

Colored . Sabina Alston Gould Windsor 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White B. E. Grant Windsor 

Colored M. W. Coleman ■. Windsor 

Chairman Board Education J. P. Rascoe Windsor 

Chairman Board Elections E. G. Cherry Windsor 

District Game & Fish Protector W. L. Smallwood Windsor 

Forest Warden Miles White Windsor 

County Attorney John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

County Librarian Mrs. J. L. Byrd Windsor 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. E. S. Pugh Windsor 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge J. B. Davenport Windsor 

Solicitor M. B. Gillam, Jr Windsor 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. R. Lawrence Colerain 

Commissioner W. L. Powell Windsor 

Commissioner Henry Dempsey Rt. 1, Windsor 

Commissioner T.N. Peele Lewiston 

'""ommissioner B. F. Hoggard Aulander 



BLADEN 

Bladen County was formed in 1734 from Bath. Was named in honor of Martin Bladen, one of the 
members of the Board of Trade which had charge of colonial affairs. 

Population, 29,703 County Seat, Elizabethtown 

State Senators 10th District S. Bunn Frink Southport 

Junius K. Powell Whiteville 

Member House of Representatives Clarence S. Clark Clarkton 

Clerk Superior Court Carl C. Campbell Elizabethtown 

Register of Deeds D. T. Townsend Elizabethtown 

Sheriff John B. Allen Elizabethtown 

Treasurer Bank of Elizabethtown Elizabethtown 

Auditor P. G. Cain Elizabethtown 

Tax Supervisor P. G. Cain Elizabethtown 

Tax Collector H. M. Chason Ehzabethtown 

Coroner W.J. Melvin Elizabethtown 

County Health Officer Dr. R S. Cromartie Elizabethtown 

Supt. of Schools D. M. Calhoun Elizabethtown 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Bessie R. Lyon Elizabethtown 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Lillie L. Hester Elizabethtown 

Colored Mrs. Mamie P. Moore Elizabethtown 



524 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White R. B. Harper Elizabethtowii 

Colored A. C. McLendon Elizabethtowii 

Chairman Board Education J. S. Melvin Parkersburg 

Chairman Board Elections James Monroe Council 

District Game & Fish Protector E. \\'. Woodell Dublin 

Forest Warden M. H. McQueen Clarkton 

County Attorney H. H. Clark Elizabethtown 

County Librarian Thelma Cromartie Elizabethtown 

Veterans Service Officer Louis Vaught Elizabethtown 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Sidney D. Britt Bladenboro 

Solicitor Edward B. Clark Elizabethtown 

Commissioners 

Chairman M. L. Fisher Elizabethtown 

Commissioner Luther Brisson Bladenboro 

Commissioner , . . .- Charlie A. Priest Council 



BRUNSWICK 

Brunswick County was formed in 1764 from New Hanover and Bladen. Was named in honor of the 
famous House of Brunswick, of which the four Cieorges, Kings of England, were members. 

Population, 19,238 County Seat, Southport 

State Senators lUth District S. Bunn Frink Southport 

Junius K. Powell Whiteville 

Member House of Representatives Harry L. Mintz, Jr Supply 

Clerk Superior Court S. T. Bennett Southport 

Register of Deeds A. J. Walton Southport 

Sheriff E.h. Leonard Southport 

Treasurer W. P. Jorgensen Southport 

Auditor W. P. Jorgensen Southport 

Tax Supervisor W. P. Jorgensen Southport 

Tax Collector Ed. H. Redwine Southport 

Coroner J- G- Caison Southport 

Surveyor L, C. Bland Longwood 

Countv Health Officer Dr. Floyd Johnson Southport 

Supt. of Schools J. T. Denning Southport 

Supt. of Public Welfare Edward Sexton Southport 

Home Demonstration Agent Corine Green Shallotte 

Farm Demonstration Agent A. S. Knowles Supply 

Chairman Board Education S. J. Frink Sha otte 

Chairman Board Elections M. D. Anderson Shallotte 

District Game & Fish Protector H. T. Bowmer Southport 

Forest Warden Dorman Mercer Bolivia 

County Attorney E. J. Prevatte Southport 

Veterans Service Officer C. L. Rourk Southport 

Recorder's Court: „, ,, ^^ 

Judge W. J. McLamb Shallotte 

Solicitor . Kirby Sullivan Southport 

Commissioners 

Chairman Elroy King Freeland 

Commissioner H. 0. Peterson . Leland 

Commissioner R. L. Rabon Winnabow 



County Government 525 



BUNCOMBE 

Buncombe County was formed in 1791 from Burke and Rutherford. Was named in honor of Colonel 
Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary soldier who was wounded and captured at the battle of Germantown, 
October 4, 1777, and died a paroled prisoner. May 1778, in Philadelphia. Colonel Buncombe lived in 
Tyrrell County. He was noted for his hospitality. Over the door of his house were these lines. "Wel- 
come all to Buncombe Hall." 

Population, 124,403 County Seat, Asheville 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 31st District Zebulon Weaver, Jr Asheville 

Members House of Representatives Lamar Gudger Asheville 

Claude L. Love Asheville 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 

Clerk Superior Court J. E. Swain Asheville 

Register of Deeds George A. Digges, Jr Asheville 

Sheriff Laurence E. Brown Asheville 

Treasurer J. C. Garrison Asheville 

Tax Supervisor Rupert J. Crowell Asheville 

Tax Collector John P. Brown Asheville 

County Accountant J. C. Garrison Asheville 

Coroner Dr. P. R. Terry Asheville 

Surveyor K. G. Roberts Stocksville 

County Health Officer Dr. H. C. Whims Asheville 

Supt. of Schools T. C. Roberson Candler 

Supt. of Public Welfare George H. Lawrence Asheville 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Mamie Sue Evans Asheville 

Farm Demonstration Agent W. Riley Palmer Asheville 

Chairman Board Education Dr. B. B. Morgan Asheville 

Chairman Board Elections Clyde W. Bradley Asheville 

District Game & Fish Protector D. E. Curtis Skyland 

Forest Warden George L. Farmer Asheville 

County Attorney Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 

Veterans Service Officer Thos. A. Mallonee Candler 

Domestic Relations Court: 

Judge S. E. Horton, Jr Asheville 

Asheville City Court: 

Judge Sam M. Cathey Asheville 

Solicitor W. C. Hampton Asheville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Coke Candler Candler 

Commissioner John C. Vance Asheville 

Commissioner George D. Young Swannanoa 

BURKE 

Burke County was formed in 1777 from Rowan. Was named in honor of Dr. Thomas Burke, mem- 
ber of the Continental Congress and governor of North Carolina. 

Population, 45,518 County Seat, Morganton 

State Senator 28th District A. B. Stoney Morganton 

Member House of Representatives 0. Lee Horton Morganton 

Clerk Superior Court W. C. Ross Morganton 

Register of Deeds W. Alvin Berry Morganton 

Sheriff Ray A. Sigmon Morganton 

Treasurer Lillian Ross Morganton 

Auditor Lillian Ross Morganton 

Tax Supervisor C. P. Whisenant Morganton 

Tax Collector X. H. Cox Morganton 

County Accountant Lillian Ross Morganton 

Coroner R. F. Setzer Morganton 



526 North Carolina Manual 



Offic3 Officer Address 

Surveyor J. A. Harbison Morgan ton 

C oji.ty He Ith Officer L'r. C. N. Sisk Morganton 

Supt. of !: choch R. L. Patton Morganton 

Sjpt. I f Pablic Welfare M. J. Lynam Morganton 

Home Demonstration Agent Evelyn \Vi<;gins Morganton 

Farm Demonstration A<?ent Herbert M. Speas " Morganton 

Chairmim Board Education Lester H. McNeely Morganton 

Chairmm Board Elections T. Earl Franklin Morganton 

District Game & Fish Protector Robin Rhyne Morganton 

Forest Warden S. B. C'onley Morganton 

County Attorney H. L. RiJdle, Jr Morganton 

County Librarian Mrs. Miltanna R. McVey Morganton 

Veterans .Service Officer Frank Baker Drexel 

County Criminal Court: 

Judge Edward M. Hairfield Morganton 

Solicitor Julius S. Page Morganton 

Commissioners 

Chairman C. P. Whisenant Morganton 

Commissioner J. Maurice Wells Morganton 

Commissioner Charles Bumgarner Valdese 

Commissioner Conley Poteat Drexel 

Commissioner A. L. Rhoney Hildebran 

CABARRUS 

Cabarrus County was formed in 1792 from Mecklenburg. Was named in honor of Stephen Cabarrus, 
of Edenton, several times a member of the Legislature and often Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Population, 63,783 County Seat, Concord 

State Senators 21st District L. E. Barnhardt Concord 

Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

Members House of Representatives E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 

Clerk Superior Court D. Ray McEachern Concord 

Register of Deeds John R. Boger Concord 

Sheriff E. M. Logan , Concord 

Treasurer Mrs. Margie M. White Concord 

Auditor C.N. Field) Concord 

Tax Supervisor R. C. Harris Concord 

Tax Collector E. M. Logan Concord 

County Accountant C.N. Field Concord 

Coroner Clifford H. Brown Kannapolis 

Surveyor Walter L. Furr, Jr Concord 

County Health Officer Dr. J. Roy Hege Concord 

Supt. of Schools C. A. Furr Concord 

Supt. of Public Welfare E. Farrell White Concord 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Edith McGlamery Concord 

Farm Demonstration Agent Roy D. Goodman Concord 

Chairman Board Education Boyd Bigger Concord 

Chairman Board Elections John Sharp Hartsell Concord 

District Game & Fish Protector John W. Patterson Concord 

County .Attorneys J. S. Hartsell & L. E. Earnhardt Concord 

County Librarian Elizabeth Plexico Concord 

Veterans Service Officer Coram Miller Concord 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge , H. W. Calloway, Jr Concord 

Solicitor ,.....,,,,... ,, H. Q. Alexander Kannapolis 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. Lee White Concord 

Commissioner P. E. Stallings Harrisburg 

Commissioner. H. L. Fink Rt. 2, Concord 

Commissioner L. B. Barrier Mt. Pleasant 

Commissioner M. Smoot Lyles Concord 



County Government 527 



CALDWELL 

Caldwell County was formed in 1841 from Burke and Wilkes. Was named in honor of Joseph Cald- 
well, the first president of the University of North Carolina. He was one of the first and strongest ad- 
vocates of the public school system and of the railroad through the center of the state from Morehead 
City to Tennessee. 

Population, 43,352 County Seat, Lenoir 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 28th District A. B. Stoney Morganton 

Member House of Representatives J. T. Pritohett Lenoir 

Clerk Superior Court G. W. Sullivan Lenoir 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Margaret B. Moore Lenoir 

Sheriff O. D. Greer Lenoir 

Auditor Mrs. Stella H. Spencer Lenoir 

Ta.x Supervisor James H. Sherrill Lenoir 

Tax Collector James H. Sherrill Lenoir 

County Accountant Mrs. Stella H. Spencer Lenoir 

Coroner Marshall Kincaid Lenoir 

Surveyor Thomas P. Isbell Lenoir 

County Health OfEcer Dr. William Happer Lenoir 

Supt. of Schools CM. Abernethy Lenoir 

Supt. of Public Welfare Laura H. Freeman Lenoir 

Home Demonstration Agent Lillian Gilbert '...., Lenoir 

Farm Demonstration Agent Max Culp Lenoir 

Chairman Board Education V. D. Guire Lenoir 

Chairman Board Elections A. F. Torrence Lenoir 

District Game & Fish Protector Clyde McLean Collettsville 

Forest Warden Lee Steele RFD, Lenoir 

County Attorney W. H. Strickland Lenoir 

County Librarian Mrs. Anna J. Cooper Lenoir 

Veterans Service OfEcer Cecil W. Hailey ■ Lenoir 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge L. M. Abernethy Granite Falls 

Solicitor Claude Sella Lenoir 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. L. Bradley Lenoir 

Commissioner Coit Barber Lenoir 

Commissioner Stuart Lingle RFD, Hudson 

Commissioner M. M. Pennell Lenoir 

Commissioner J. W. Warlick Granite Falls 



CAMDEN 

Camden County was formed in 1777 from Pasquotank. Was named in honor of the learneel English- 
mxn, Charles Pratt, Earl of Camden, who was one of the strongest friends of the Americans in British 
Parliament. He took their side in the dispute over taxation without representation. 

Population, 5,223 County Scat. Canuk'n 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

Member House of Representatives S. E. Burgess Belcross 

Clerk Superior Court Mrs. Annie Forbes Camden 

Register of Deeds P. P. Gregory Camden 

Sheriff M. D. Stevens Camden 

Treasurer First Citizens National Bank Elizabeth City 

Auditor Matilda Bartlctt Camden 

Tax Supervisor Calvin Bray Camden 

Tax Collector M. D. Stevens Camden 

foroner Carroll (iodfrcy Camden 



528 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

County Health Officer Dr. B. B. McGuire Elizabeth City 

Supt. of Schools J. F. Pugh Camden 

tiupt. of Public Welfare Roy B. Godfrey Belcross 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Mamie S. Sawyer Camden 

Farm Demonstration Agent L. L. McLendon Camden 

Chairman Board Education Boyd Seymour Camden 

Chairman Board Elections W.J. Burgess Shiloh 

District Game & Fish Protector H. G. McPherson South Mills 

Forest Warden M. B. Williams South Mills 

County Attorney Wayland Britton Portsmouth, Va. 

Recorder's Court: 
Judge R. L. Whaley Camden 

Commissioners 

Chairman Clarence Meiggs Camden 

Commissioner J. J. Walston Shiloh 

Commissioner George Williams Camden 



CARTERET 

Carteret County was formed in 1722 from Bath. Was named in honor of Sir John Carteret, after- 
wards (1744) Earl Granville, one of the Lords Proprietors. When the other Lords Proprietors sold their 
shares to the king in 1728. Carteret refused to sell, and an immense tract of land in North Carolina was 
laid off as his share in 1744. It was called the Granville District and was the cause of a great deal of 
trouble. He lost it by confiscation when the Revolution freed North Carolina from British rule. 

Population, 23, 059 County Seat, Beaufort 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 7th District Carl T. Hicks Walstonburg 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Member House of Representatives George W. Dill, Jr Morehead City 

Clerk Superior Court Alfonso H. James Beaufort 

Register of Deeds Irvin W. Davis Beaufort 

Sheriff C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Auditor James D. Potter Beaufort 

Tax Collector Eugene 0. Moore Beaufort 

Coroner Pritchard A. Lewis Beaufort 

Surveyor Phillip K. Ball Morehead City 

County Health Officer Dr. N. Thomas Ennett Beaufort 

Supt. of Schools Harvey L. Joslyn Morehead City 

Supt. of Public Welfare Thomas C. McGinnis Morehead City 

Home Demonstration Agent Carrie B. Gillikin Marshallberg 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. M. Williams Beaufort 

Chairman Board Education Dr. L. W. Moore Beaufort 

Chairman Board Elections F. R. Seeley Beaufort 

District Game & Fish Protector Alex Davis Marshallberg 

Forest Warden Monzelle Foreman Beaufort 

County Attorney A. L. Hamilton Morehead City 

County Librarian Mrs. Paul Woodard Beaufort 

Veterans Service Officer C. L. Beam Beaufort 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge L. R. Morris Atlantic 

Solicitor M. L. Davis Beaufort 

Commissioners 

Chairman K. P. B. Bonner Morehead City 

Commissioner Hugh Salter Beaufort 

Commissioner Moses C. Howard Newport 

Commissioner Walter M. Yoemans Harkers Island 

Commissioner , ,...,.. Tilton Davis Harkers Island 



County Government 529 



CASWELL 

Caswell County was formed in 1777 from Orange. Was named in honor of Richard Caswell, member 
of the First Continental Congress, first Governor of North Carolina after the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, six times re-elected Governor, and Major-General in the Revolutionary Army. 

Population, 20,870 County Seat, Yanceyviile 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 15th District J. Hampton Price Leaksville 

Member House of Representatives Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill 

Clerk Superior Court G. M. Harris Yanceyviile 

Register of Deeds J. B. Blaylock Yanceyviile 

Sheriff J. Y. Gatewood Yanceyviile 

Treasurer Jas. N. Slade Yanceyviile 

Auditor Jas. N. Slade Yanceyviile 

Tax Supervisor. Giles Mebane Yanceyviile 

Tax Collector Giles Mebane Yanceyviile 

County Accountant Jas. N. Slade Yanceyviile 

County Health Officer Dr. George E. Waters Spray 

Supt. of Schools Thomas Whitley Yanceyviile 

Supt. of Public Welfare Leona Graham Yanceyviile 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Louise Homewood Yanceyviile 

Colored Helen Payne Yanceyviile 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. E. Zimmerman Yanceyviile 

Colored Booker T. Carraway Yanceyviile 

Chairman Board Education D. W. Wright Rt. 1, Ruffin 

Chairman Board Elections William B. Aldridge Yanceyviile 

District Game & Fish Protector R. Y. Allen Leasburg 

County Attorney Pemberton & Wilson Yanceyviile 

County Librarian Mrs. S. A. Malloy Yanceyviile 

Veterans Service Officer Charles A. Beddingfield Oxford 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Ralph 0. Vernon Blanch 

Solicitor W. B. Horton Yanceyviile 

Commissioners 

Chairman E. S. Bulter Rt. 1. Reidsville 

Commissioner George R. Carter Rt. 4, Danville, Va. 

Commissioner W. W. Pointer Blanch 

Commissioner C. B. Rogers Yanceyviile 

Commissioner A. P. Dabbs Rt. 1, Yanceyviile 



CATAWBA 

Catawba County was formed in 1842 from Lincoln. Was named after a tribe of Lidians which dwelt 
in that section of the State. Catawba County voted with Gaston and Lincoln until 1854. 

Population, 61,794 County Seat, Newton 

State Senators 25th District C. H. Dearman Statesville 

M. T. IjCathernian Lincolntoii 

Member House of Representatives Roy E. Leinbach, Jr Newton 

Clerk Superior Court P. W. Deaton Newton 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Willie Trott Newton 

Sheriff Austin E. Smith Newton 

Treasurer N.J. Sigmon Newton 

Auditor Andy Shearer Newton 

Tax Supervisor C. E. Gwin Newton 

Tax Collector N. J. Sigmon Newton 

County .Accountant N.J. Sigmon ,.,,,., Newton 



530 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officpr Address 

Coroner Jack Bass Hickory 

Surveyor G. Sam Rowe Newton 

County Health Officer Dr. M. P. Rudolph Hickory 

Su|)t. of Schools M. C, Campbell Newton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Joseline Harding Newton 

Home Demonstration Aeent Wylie Knox Newton 

Farm Demonstration Agent Jesse Giles Newton 

Chairman Board Education Ralph A. Sigmon Claremont 

Chairman Board Elections D. Lee Setzer Newton 

District Game & Fish Protector John Fairchild Conover 

Forest Warden Hampton G. Johnson Newton 

County Manager N.J. Sigmon Newton 

County Attorney J. C. Sigmon, Sr Newton 

County Librarian George R. I;indler Newton 

Veterans Service Officer John Caldwell Newton 

County Recorder's Court: 

Judge Jesse Sigmon, Jr Newton 

Solicitor R. A. Williams Maiden 

Hickory Recorder's Court; 

Judge Earl Shuford Hickory 

Solicitor Willi im H. Chamblee Hickory 

CommissiDn^rs 

Chairman L. L. Moss Hickory 

Commissioner W. E. Abernethy Maiden 

Commis doner H ra^e Isen'nour Con ver 

Commissioner ' i. L. Winters Clarem' nt 

Commissioner Adrian Shuford, Jr Conover 



CHATHAM 

Chatham County was formed in 1770 from Orange. Was named in honor of the great Englishman 
who won for England all of French America and was the most eloquent defender of the American cause in 
the British Parliament during the Revolution— WilHam Pitt, Earl of Chatham. 

Population, 2fi,3e2 County Seat, Pittsboro 

Office Officer Address 

''tate Senators 13th District James H. Pou Bailey Raleigh 

Daniel L. Bell Pittsboro 

Member House of Representatives W. Herman Scott Rt. 3, Chapel Hil] 

Clerk Superior Court E. B. Hatch Pittsboro 

Register of Deeds Lemuel R. Johnson Pittsboro 

Sheriff , J. W. Emerson, .Jr Pittsboro 

Treasurer Bank of Pittsboro Pittsboro 

Auditor John M. Mclver Pittsboro 

Tax Supervisor , John M. Mclver Pittsboro 

Tax Collector J. W. Emerson, Jr Pittsboro 

County Accountant John M. Mclver ■ Pittsboro 

Coroner H. L. Stone Siler C ity 

Surveyor Lloyd R. Womble Siler Citv 

County Health Officer Dr. 0. David Garvin Chapel Hill 

Supt. of Schools J. S. Waters Pittsboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. C. K. Strowd Pittsboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Flossie Whitley Pittsboro 

( 'olored Mildred Payton Pittsboro 

F'arin Demonstration .Agent 

White I. B. Snipes Pittsboro 

Colored Joseph Alton Turner Pittsboro 

Chairman Board Education Wade Paschal Siler City 

Chairman Board Elections CM. Patti.shall , Rt. 4, Sanford 



County Government 531 



Office Officer Address 

District Game & Fish Protector A. Eugene Jones Siler City 

Forest Warden Adolphus Clark Pittsboro 

County Attorney \\'ade Barber Pittsboro 

Veterans Service Officer Carl Butler Pittsboro 

County Criminal Court; 

Judge J. L- Moody Siler City 

Solicitor F. C. Upchurch Pittsboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman Earl J. Dark Pittsboro 

Commissioner W. B. Emerson Bear Creek 

Commissioner E. E. Walden Moncure 



CHEROKEE 

Cherokee County was formed in 1839 from Macon. Was named after an Indian tribe which still 
dwells in that section of the state. 

Population, 18, 294 County Seat, Murphy 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 33rd District R. S. Jones Franklin 

Member House of Representatives J. H. Duncan Murphy 

Clerk Superior Court J. L. Hall Murphy 

Register of Deeds Joe Higdon Murphy 

Sheriff . : Frank C. Crawford Murphy 

Auditor E. L. Shields Murphy 

Tax Supervisor E. L. Shields Murphy 

Tax Collector E. L. Shields Murphy 

County Accountant E. L. Shields Murphy 

Coroner Dr. Harry Miller Murphy 

Surveyor 0. G. Anderson Culberson 

Supt. of Schools Lloyd Hendrix Murphy 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Johnsie R. Nunn w^'^Pf'^ 

Home Demonstration Agent Edna Bishop Vi"'^''!!^ 

Farm Demonstration Agent A. Q. Ketner Murphy 

Chairman Board Education Noah Hembree w""'Pu^ 

Chairman Board Elections A. J. Hembree Murphy 

District Game & Fish Protector A. R. Dalrymple Murphy 

Forest Warden Ernest Burnett Rt. 2, Murphy 

County Attorney Hobart L. McKeever ^"""Pu^ 

County Librarian Josephme Highway », ''''u^ 

Veterans Service Officer John A. Davidson Murphy 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. E. .Vloore Rt. 1, Murphy 

Commissioner Sam W. Jones Andrews 

Commissioner Gay Hawkms Suit 



CHOWAN 

Chowan County was formed in 1672 from Albemarle. Was named for an Indian tribe dwelling in 
the northeastern part of the State when the English first came to North Carolina. 

Population, 12,540 County Scat, Edenton 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copeland Murfrcesboro 

J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

Member House of Representatives John F. White Edenton 



532 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Clerk Superior Court E. W. Spires Edeiiton 

Register of Deeds M. L. Bunch Edenton 

Sheriff J. A. Buneh Edenton 

Treasurer George C. Hoskins Edenton 

Tax Supervisor Richard D. Dixon Edenton 

Tax Collector J. A. Buneh Edenton 

County Accountant E. W. Spires Edenton 

Coroner Hubert B, Williford Edenton 

County Health Officer Dr. B. B. McGuire Edenton 

Supt. of Schools W. J. Taylor Edenton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Carolyn C. McMullan Edenton 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Rebecca E. Colwell Edenton 

Colored Mrs. Onnie S. Charlton Edenton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White C. W. Overman Edenton 

Colored J. B. Small Edenton 

Chairman Board Education G. B. Potter Edenton 

Chairman Board Elections L. S. Byrum Edenton 

District Game & Fish Protector R. E. Evans Rt. 1, Edenton 

Forest Warden F. V. White Rt. 1, Edenton 

County Attorney J. N. Pruden Edenton 

County Librarian Mrs. S. M. McMullan Edenton 

Veterans Service Officer J. L. Wiggins Edenton 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Marvin P. Wilson Edenton 

Solicitor Weldon A. HoUowell Edenton 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. W. Byrum Edenton 

Commissioner A. S. HoUowell Edenton 

Commissioner E.N. Elliott Tyner 

Commissioner J. R. Peele Rt. 3, Edenton 

Commissioner J. A. Webb Rt. 2, Edenton 



CLAY 

Clay County was formed in 1861 from Cherokee. Was named in honor of the great orator and states- 
man, Henry Clay. Prior to 1868 Clay voted with Cherokee. 

Population, 6,006 County Seat, Hayesville 

State Senator 33rd District R. S, Jones Franklin 

Member House of Representatives H. M. Moore Hayesville 

Clerk Superior Court George H. Martin Hayesville 

Registerof Deeds Mrs. J. M. May Hayesville 

Sheriff Glenn Swanson Hayesville 

Treasurer Grady Palmer Hayesville 

Auditor Grady Palmer Hayesville 

Tax Collector Glenn Swanson Hayesville 

County Accountant Grady Palmer Hayesville 

Supt. of Schools Allen J. Bell Hayesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Alvin L. Penland Hayesville 

Home Demonstration Agent Velma Beam Moore Hayesville 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. G. Vick Hayesville 

Chairman Board Education Paul Caler. Brasstown 

Chairman Board Elections Mark Weaver Hayesville 

District Game & Fish Protector Harrison J. Martin Hayesville 

Forest Warden J. Robert Penland Hayesville 

County Attorney 0. L. Anderson Murphy 

County Librarian Mrs. Frank Worley Hayesville 

Veterans Service OfiScer J. Maurice Kitchens Hayesville 



County Government 533 



Office Officer Address 

Commissioners 

Chairman Cline E. McClure Hayesville 

Commissioner Walter R. Johnson Hayesville 

Commissioner Wilburn G. Mingus Hayesville 



CLEVELAND 

Cleveland County was formed in 1841 from Rutherford and Lincoln. Was named in honor of Colonel 
Benjamin Cleveland, a noted partisan leader on the western Carolina frontier in the Revolution, and one 
of the "Heroes of King's Mountain." 

Population, 64,357 County Seat, Shelby 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 27th District Charles F. Gold Rutherfordton 

Clyde Nolan Shelby 

Member House of Representatives B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Clerk Superior Court E. A. Houser, Jr Shelby 

Register of Deeds Dan W. Moore Shelby 

Sheriff J. H. Allen Shelby 

Treasurer Mrs. Lillian E. Newton Shelby 

Auditor Max Hamrick Shelby 

Tax Supervisor Max Hamrick .=.-; Shelby 

Tax Collector Robert Gidney ■. Shelby 

County Accountant Max Hamrick Shelby 

Coroner J. Ollie Harris Kings Mountain 

Surveyor D. R. S. Frazier Shelby 

County Health Officer Dr. Z. P. Mitchell Shelby 

Supt. of Schools J. H. Grigg Shelby 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Mary Burns Parker Shelby 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White LaUna Brashears Shelby 

Colored Thelma McVea Shelby 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Howard Clapp Shelby 

Colored L. J. McDougal Shelby 

Chairman Board Education A. L. Calton Lattimore 

Chairman Board Elections C. H. Hendrix Shelby 

District Game & Fish Protector W. Earl Woody Grover 

County Attorney C. C. Horn 7 Shelby 

Veterans Service Officer Chalmus L. Miller Fallston 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Reuben L. Elam Shelby 

Solicitor Bynum E. Weathers Shelby 

Kings Mountain Recorder's Court: 
Judge J- Faison Barnes Kings Mountam 

Commissioners 

Chairman Zeb V. Cline Shelby 

Commissioner A. C. Brackett Casar 

Commissioner R. G. Burrus Mooresboro 

COLUMBUS 

Columbus County was formed in 180S from Bladen and Brun.swick. Was named in honor of the 
Discoverer of the New World. 

Population, 50,621 County Seat, Whiteville 

State Senators 10th District S. Bunn Frink Southport 

Junius K. Powell Whiteville 

Member House of Representatives Homer G. Avant Whiteville 



534 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Clerk Superior Court Lee J. Greer Whiteville 

Register of Deeds Leo L, I'isher Whiteville 

Sheriff H. Hugh Nance Whiteville 

Auditor W. D. Brooks Whiteville 

Tax Supervisor Venie Rouse Whiteville 

Tax Collector W. D. Brooks Whiteville 

Coroner Lacy Thompson Chadbourn 

Surveyor Herman T. Schnibben Whiteville 

County Health OflScer Dr. Floyd Johnson Whiteville 

Supt. of Schools W. J. Boger, Jr Whiteville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Alice \\'right Tabor City 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Elaine N. Blake Whiteville 

Farm Demonstration Agent C. D. Raper Whiteville 

Chairman Board Education R. J. Lamb Whiteville 

Chairman Board Elections A. E. Powell, Jr Whiteville 

District Game & Fish Protector B. L, Boswell Bolton 

Forest Warden B. F. Batten Chadbourn 

County Attorney E. K. Proctor Whiteville 

County Librarian Edna Creech Whiteville 

Veterans Service Officer Thurston Formyduval, Jr Whiteville 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. E. Harrelson Rt. 4, Whiteville 

Solicitor ■ R. E. Weaver Whiteville 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. F. Floyd Whiteville 

Commissioner Frank Love Evergreen 

Commissioner J. T. Wooten Chadbourn 

Commissioner W. Alex Weir Lake Waccamaw 

Commissioner Leamon P. Ward Clarendon 

CRAVEN 

Craven County was formed about 1712 from Bath. Was named in honor of William, Lord Craven, 
one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. 

Population, 48,823 County Seat, New Bern 

State Senators 7th District Carl T. Hicks Walstonburg 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Member House of Representatives Burl G. Hardison Rt. 2, New Bern 

Clerk Superior Court W. B. Flanner New Bern 

Register of Deeds Jane Holland New Bern 

Sheriff C. B. Berry New Bern 

Auditor Ben 0. Jones New Bern 

Tax Supervisor U. W. Daugherty New Bern 

Tax Collector C. C. Pritchett New Bern 

County Accountant Ben 0. Jones New Bern 

Coroner Frank Ballard Bridgeton 

County Health Officer Dr. E. D. Hardin New Bern 

Supt. of Schools R. L. Pugh New Bern 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. John D. Whitford New Bern 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Jessie J. Trowbridge New Bern 

Colored Adelaide Dove New Bern 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White A. T. Jackson New Bern 

Colored Otis Evans New Bern 

Chairman Board Education C. A. Seifert New Bern 

Chairman Board Elections Alfred A. Kafer, Jr New Bern 

District Game & Fish Protector L. E. Warrington New Bern 

Forest Warden S. B. Norris Rt. 3, New Bern 

County Attorney R. A. Nunn New Bern 

County Librarian Mary Scott Gurley New Bern 

Veterans Service Officer W. B. Rouse New Bern 



County Government 535 



Office Officer Address 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Lawrence E. Lancaster Vanceboro 

Solicitor Ray E. Sumrell New Bern 

City Recorder's Court: 

Judge L. A. Stith New Bern 

Solicitor Henry A. Grady, Jr New Bern 

Commissioners 

Chairman George B. Ipock Ernul 

Commissioner E. R. Ipock Cove City 

Commissioner A. L. Dail New Bern 

Commissioner T. W. Haywood Rt. 4, New Bern 

Commissioner CD. Lascaster New Bern 

CUMBERLAND 

Cumberland County was formed in 1754 from Bladen. Was named in honor of William Augustus, 
Duke of Cumberland, second son of King George IL Cumberland was the commander of the English 
army at the battle of CuUoden, in which the Scotch Highlanders were so badly defeated. Many of them 
came to America, and their principal settlement was at Cross Creek in Cumberland County. 

Population, 96,006 County Seat, Fayetteville 

State Senators 10th District S. Bunn Frink Southport 

Junius K. Powell Whiteville 

Members House of Representative? J. L. Dawkins Fayetteville 

Troy A. Fisher Rt. 5, Fayetteville 

Clerk Superior Court C. W. Broadfoot Fayetteville 

Register of Deeds J. W. Johnson Fayetteville 

Sheriff L. L. Guy Fayetteville 

Treasurer R. E. Nimocks Fayetteville 

Tax Supervisor T. G. Braxton Fayetteville 

Tax Collector B. C. Bramble Fayetteville 

Coroner Joe Pinkston Fayetteville 

Surveyor Benjamin Watkins Fayetteville 

County Health Officer Dr. M. T. Foster Fayetteville 

Supt. of Schools F. D. Byrd Fayetteville 

Supt. of Public Welfare E. L. Houser Fayetteville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Lena BuUard Fayetteville 

Colored Jane Boyd Fayetteville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John T. Monroe Fayetteville 

Colored H. A. Johnson ." Fayetteville 

Chairman Board Education Donald Mclntyre Fayetteville 

Chairman Board Elections F. B. Rankin Fayetteville 

District Game & Fish Protector T. L. Faircloth Fayetteville 

Forest Warden P. P. Smith Rt. 3, Fayetteville 

County Attorney Lester G. Carter, Jr Fayetteville 

County Librarian Mrs. Dorothy E. Shue Fayetteville 

Veterans Service Officer C. E. Brewer Fayetteville 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge James MacRae Fayetteville 

Solicitor Seavy A. Carroll Fayetteville 

City Recorder's Court: 

Judge H. C. Blackwell Fayetteville 

Solicitor Robert H. Butler Fayetteville 

Commissioners 

Chairman F. G. Kinlaw Rt. 5, Fayetteville 

Commissioner L. E. Ray Rt. 1, Fayetteville 

Commissioner J. McN. Gillis Rt. 3, Fayetteville 

Commissioner Frank Barrett Fayetteville 

Commissioner Wm. McK. Monroe Fayettevill? 



536 North Carolina Manual 

CURRITUCK y^ 

Currituck County was formed in 1672 from Albemarlo. Was named after an Indian tribar 
Population, f),2ol County Seat, Currituck 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copeland Murfrecsboro 

J. Emmett Winslow ,_ Hertford 

Member House of Representatives E. R. Johnson Moyock 

Clerk Superior Court Ralph E. Saunders Currituck 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Edna L. Blossom Currituck 

Sheriff L. L. Dozier Currituck 

Treasurer Bank of Currituck Currituck 

Auditor Mrs. Alice S. Brumsey Currituck 

Tax Supervisor Mrs. Edna L, Blossom Currituck 

Tax Collector L, L. Dozier Gurrituck 

County Accountant Mrs. Alice S. Brumsey Ctrrituck 

Coroner J. Bryan Smith Harbinger 

County Health Officer Dr. W. W. Johnston Currituck 

Supt. of Schools W. H. Tuck Currituck 

Supt. of Public Welfare Norman Hughes Currituck 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Margaret Bray Currituck 

Farm Demonstration Agent L. A. Powell . .Barco 

Chairman Board Education Charlie Roberts Shawboro 

Chairman Board Elections Smith Harrell Mamie 

District Game & Fish Protector R. A. Dowdy Grandy 

County Attorney E. R. Woodard Currituck 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. F. Leary Gregory 

Solicitor ._,. W. C. Morse, Jr Elizabeth City 

Commissioners 

Chairman Norwood M. Ansell Munden, Va. 

Commissioner I. F. West Moyock 

Commissioner R. N. Dowdy Powells Point 

Commissioner Mack Sanderlin Shawboro 

Commissioner H. D. Newbern, Jr Powells Point 



DARE 

Dare County was formed in 1870 from Currituck, Tyrrell, and Hyde. Was named in honor of Virginia 
Dare, the first English child born in America. 

Population, 5,405 County Seat, Manteo 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 2nd District Sam M. Campen ■. Alliance 

Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

Member House of Representatives R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Clerk Superior Court C. S. Meekins Manteo 

Register of Deeds Melvin R. Daniels Manteo 

Sheriff Frank M. Cahoon Manteo 

Treasurer Bank of Manteo Manteo 

Auditor - C. S. Meekins Manteo 

Tax Collector Frank M. Cahoon Manteo 

County Accountant C. S. Meekins Manteo 

Coroner Marvin Rogers Manteo 

County Health Officer Dr. W. W. Johnston Manteo 

Supt. of Schools R. I. Leake Manteo 

Supt. of Pub ic Welfare Mrs. Goldie H. Meekins Manteo 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary E. Kirby Manteo 

Farm Demonstration Agent Robert S. Smith Manteo 

Chairman Board Education E. P. White Buxton 



County Government SS? 



Office Officer Address 

Chairman Board Elections Hugh Basnight Manteo 

District Game & Fish Protector Jack B. Ballaiice Kill Devil Hills 

County Attorney Martin Kellogg, Jr Manteo 

County Librarian Mrs. Georgia E. Harwood Manteo 

Veterans Service Officer LP. Davis Manteo 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. F. Baum Manteo 

Solicitor Martin Kellogg, Jr Manteo 

Commissioners 

Chairman Claude C. Duvall East Lake 

Commissioner Lawrence L. Swain Manteo 

Commissioner Hallett F. Perry Kitty Hawk 

Commissioner James W. Scarljorough Avon 

Commissioner Albert W Austin Hatteras 

DAVIDSON 

Davidson County was formed in 1822 from Rowan. Was named in honor of General William Lee 
Davidson, a soldier of the Revolution, who was killed at the Battle of Cowan's Ford. When (ieneral 
Greene retreated across North Carolina before Cornwallis in 1781, he stationed some troops under (Jeneral 
Davidson at Cowan's Ford over the Catawba River to delay the British .'\rmy. The British attacked 
the Americans, killed General Davidson, and forced the passage. The United States has erected a mon- 
ument hi his honor on Guilford Battleground. 

Population, 62,244 County Seat, Lexington 

State Senators 18th District Charles H. Dorsett Troy 

J. Thomas Page Rockingham 

Member House of Representatives Paul G. Stoner Lexington 

Clerk Superior Court M. P. Cooper Lexington 

Register of Deeds M. V. Lomax Lexington 

Sheriff W. G. Fritts Lexington 

Tax Supervisor Jay Howard Lexington 

Tax Collector W. G. Fritts Lexington 

Coroner Dr. David Plummer Thomas ville 

Surveyor R. D. Kinney Lexington 

Supt. of Schools Paul F. Evans Lexingto n 

Supt. of Public Welfare Matilda Umholtz Lexington 

Home Demonstration Agent Lala Blaylock Lexington 

Farm Demonstration Agent C. E. Bernhardt Lexington 

Chairman Board Education Baxter Carter Denton 

Chairman Board Elections Joe H. Leonard, Jr Lexington 

District Game & Fish Protector J. B. Greene Thomasville 

Forest Warden W. F. Currence Winstoii-Saleiii 

County Manager Jay Howard Thomasville 

County Attorney Charles W. Mauze Lexington 

County Librarian Antoinette Earle Lexington 

Veterans Service Officer Joe Hege, Jr Lexington 

County Court: 

Judge L. A. Martin Lexington 

Solicitor Beamer Barnes Lexington 

Denton Recorder's Court: 

Judge A. L. Snider Denton 

Thomasville Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. H. Steed Thomasville 

Solicitor Roy Hughes Thomasville 

Commissioners 

Chairman D. W. .\lc( 'ulloch Lexington 

Commissioner Frank Smith Lexington 

Commissioner Wayne Shoaf Lexington 

Commissioner Russell Zimmerman Lexington 

Commissioner E. M. Hunt Denton 



538 North Carolina Manual 



DAVIE 

Davie County was formed in 1836 from Rowan. Was named in honor of William R. Davie, distin- 
guished as a soldier of the Revolution, member of the Federal Convention of 1787, Ciovenior cf North 
Carolina, special Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoteutiiry to Frinee, "Father of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina." 

Population, lo,42;i County Se^t, Moeksville 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 24th District H. P. Eller North Wilkesboro 

Member House of Representatives B.C. Brock Farmington 

( lerk Superior Court Stacy H. Chafiin Moeksville 

Resi-ster of Deeds C. R. Vogler Moeksville 

Sheriff O. A. Tucker Moeksville 

Treasurer Eloise C. Stephens Moeksville 

Auditor Eloise C. Stephens Moeksville 

Tax Supervisor Eloise C. Stephens Moeksville 

Tax Collector Kathleen Reavis Moeksville 

County Accountant Eloise C. Stephens Moeksville 

Coroner Dr. G. V. Greene Moeksville 

Surveyor S. L. Talbert Advance 

County Health OfiScer Dr. Fred Pegg Moeksville 

Supt. of Schools Curtis Price Moeksville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Amy Jane Talbert Advance 

Home Demonstration Agent Florence Mackie Moeksville 

Farm Demonstration Agent F. E. Peebles Moeksville 

Chairman Board Education J. B. Cain Cana 

Chairman Board Elections G, Aubrey Merrell Moeksville 

District Game & Fish Protector ■ T. B. Woodruff Moeksville 

County Manager Eloise C. Stephens Moeksville 

County Attorney A. T. Grant Moeksville 

County Librarian Mrs. Blanche Clement Moeksville 

Veterans Service Officer Woodrow Wilson Moeksville 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. P. Martin Moeksville 

Commissioner J. M. Groce Farmington 

Commissioner C. R. Carter Rt. 3, Moeksville 



DUPLIN 

Duplin County was formed in 1749 from New Hanover. Was named in honor of George Henry Hay, 
Lord Duplin, an English nobleman. 

Population, 41,074 County Seat, Kenansville 

State Senators 9th District Rivers D. Johnson Warsaw 

Alton A. Lennon Wilmington 

Member House of Representatives R. M. Carr Wallace 

Clerk Superior Court R. V. Wells Kenansville 

Register of Deeds A. T. Outlaw Kenansville 

Sheriff Ralph J. Jones Kenansville 

Treasurer Ralph J. Jones Kenansville 

Auditor Faison W. McGowan Kenansville 

Tax Supervisor Faison W. McGowan Kenansville 

Tax Collector G. E. Alphin, Jr Kenansville 

County Accountant Faison W. McGowan Kenansville 

Coroner C. B. Sitterson Kenansville 

Surveyor R. W. Craft Beaulaville 

County Health Officer Dr. G. V. Gooding Kenansville 

Supt. of Schools 0. P. Johnson Kenansville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Doris Rouse Kenansville 



County Government 539 



Office Officer Address 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Hilda Clontz Kenansville 

Colored Mrs. Mabel Peterson Warsaw 

Farm Demonstration Agent • 

White Lacy Weeks Kenansville 

Colored Riddick E. Wilkens Kenansville 

Chairman Board Elections E. Walker Stevens Warsaw 

District Game & Fish Protector Bill H. Ipock Wallace 

Forest Warden Ralph Miller. RFD, Beaulaville 

County Attorney Vance B. Gavin Kenansville 

County Librarian Dorothy \\'ightraan Kenansville 

Veterans Service Officer J. B. Wallace Kenansville 

General County Court: 

Judge H. E. Phillips Kenansville 

Solicitor Grady Mercer Beaulaville 

Commissioners 

Chairman L. P. Wells .^^,.,<-RFD, Mt. Olive 

Commissioner A. C. Hall ; ,<<^. Wallace 

Commissioner A. P. Gates Faison 

Commissioner Dallas Jones Magnolia 

Commissioner Arthur Kennedy Beulaville 



DURHAM 

Durham County was formed in 1881 from Orange and Wake. Was named after the town of Durham, 
a thriving manufacturing city. 

Population, 101,639 County Seat, Durham 

State Senators 14th District Wills Hancock Oxford 

Thomas B. Sawyer Durham 

Members House of Representatives Oscar G. Barker Durham 

Richard T. Sanders Durham 

Clerk of Superior Court W. H. Young Durham 

Register of Deeds R. Garland Brooks Durham 

Sheriff E.G. Belvin Durham 

Treasurer J. Frank Adams Durham 

Auditor E. S. Swindell, Jr Durham 

Ta.\ Supervisor H. T. Warren Durham 

Tax Collector Vance Pendergrass Durham 

County Accountant E. S. Swindell, Jr Durham 

Coroner Roman Harton •. Durham 

Surveyor E. M . Credle Durham 

County Health Officer -. Dr. J. H. Epperson Durham 

Supt. of Schools Wilmer M . Jenkins Durham 

Supt. of Public Welfare W. E. Stanley Durham 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Margaret Umberger Durham 

Colored Mrs. Estelle T. Nixon Durham 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. B. Pace Durham 

Colored J. C. Hubbard Durham 

Chairman Board Education C. E. Jordan Durham 

Chairman Board Elections R. 0. Everett Durham 

District Game & Fish Protector Marvin L. Ward Rt 1, Morrisvillc 

Forest Warden Julian Clifton Horton Durham 

County Manager E. S. Swindell, Jr Durham 

County Attorney R. P. Reade Durham 

County Librarian Clara M. Crawford Durham 

Veterans Service Officer P. G. Noell Durham 



540 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge A. R. Wilson Durham 

Solicitor W. G. Brogden Durham 

Juvenile Court: . 
Judge Lawson Moore Durham 

Commissioners 

Chairman George V. Kirkland Durham 

Commissioner Frank Kenan ; Durham 

Commissioner S. L. Proctor Durham 

Commissioner Dewey Scarboro Durham 

Commissioner James Q. Davis Durham 



EDGECOMBE 

Edgecombe County was formed in 1735 from Bertie. Was named in honor of Richard Edgecombe, 
who became Baron Edgecombe in 1742, an English nobleman and a lord of the treasury. 

Population, 51,634 County Seat, Tarboro 

State Senators 4th District Julian R. AUsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

L. H. Fountain Tarboro 

Member House of Representatives Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount 

Clerk Superior Court •. W. S. Babcock Tarboro 

Register of Deeds Miss M. B. Bunn Tarboro 

Sheriff Tom P. Bardin Tarboro 

Auditor M. L. Laughlin Tarboro 

Tax Supervisor M. L. Laughlin Tarboro 

Tax Collector R. L. Stancil Tarboro 

Coroner Dr. J. G. Raby Tarboro 

County Health Officer Dr. W. W. Green Tarboro 

Supt. of Schools E. D. Johnson .' . .Tarboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Constance F. S. Rabin Tarborn 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. J. W. Vanlandingham Tarboro 

Colored Mrs. Hazel S. Parker Tarboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Joe Powell Tarbcro 

Colored F. D. Wharton Tarboro 

Chairman Board Education Dr. W. W. Green Tarboro 

Chairman Board Elections Robert P. Cherry ■. . . .Tarboro 

District Game & Fish Protector Henry Hilliard, Jr Rt. 2, Tarboro 

Forest Warden . . » CM. Fisher Tarboro 

County Attorney C. H. Leggett . Tarboro 

County Librarian Janie Allslsrook Tarboro 

Veterans Service Officer Lester C. Martin Tarboro 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Herbert H. Taylor, Jr Tarboro 

Solicitor M. C. Staton Tarboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman B. C. Mayo , Tarboro 

Commissioner Leslie Calhoune Rocky Mount 

Commissioner W. C. Hargrove Tarboro 

Commissioner Robert Lee Dunn Pinetops 

Commis.'iioner Henry N. Davenport Battleboro 



County Government 541 



FORSYTH 

Forsyth County was formed in 1849 from Stokes. Was named in honor of Colonel Benjamin Forsyth, 
U. S. A., a citizen of Stolces County, who was killed on the Canadian frontier on June 28, 1814, during the 
second war with Great Britain. 

Population, 146,135 County Seat, Winston-Salem 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 22nd District Irving E. Carlyle Winston-Salem 

Members House of Representatives Winfield Blackwell Winston-Salem 

F. L. Gobble Rt. 4, Winston-Salem 

Joe King \\'inston-Salem 

Clerk Superior Court W. E. Church Winston-Salem 

Register of Deeds Eunice Ayers Winston-Salem 

Sheriff Ernie G. Shore Win^ton-Salem 

Auditor W.N. Schultz Winston-Salem 

Tax Supervisor R. M. Hinshaw Winston-Salem 

Tax Collector W. .4. Mickle Winston-Salem 

County Accountant W. N. Schultz Winston-Salem 

Coroner W.N. Dalton Winston-Salem 

Surveyor June Lineback Winston-Salem 

County Health Officer Dr. Fred G. Pegg Winston-Salem 

Supt. of Schools Ralph F. W. Brimley Winston-Salem 

Supt. of Public Welfare A. W. Cline Winston-Salem 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Elizabeth L. Tuttle Winston-Salem 

Colored Mrs. Lottie Hairston " Winston-Salera 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White S. R. Mitehiner Winston-Salem 

Colored W.N. Knight Winston-Salem 

Chairman Board Education Dan L. Drummond Winston-Salem 

Chairman Board Elections T. Spruill Thornton Winston-Salem 

District Game & Fish Protector Wallace W. Jones Winston-Salem 

Forest Warden W. F. Currence Winston-Salem 

County Attorney Nat S. Crews Winston-Salem 

County Librarian Jeannett Trotter Winston-Salem 

Juvenile Court: 

Judge Nat S. Crews Winston-Salem 

Municipal Court: 

Judge Leroy Sams Winston-Salem 

Solicitor C. F. Burns Winston-Salem 

Commissioners 

Chairman Dr. D. C. Speas Winston-Salem 

Commissioner CD. Ogburn Pfafftown 

Commissioner Wally Dunham Winston-Salem 

Commissioner Roy W. Craft Winston-Salem 

Commissioner W. B. Simpson Winston-Salem 



FRANKLIN 

Franklin County was formed in 1779 from Bute. Was named in honor of Benjamin Franklin. 

Population, 31,341 County Seat, Louisburg 

State Senators 6th District J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson 

Hamilton Hobgood Louisburg 

Member House of Representatives Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 

Clerk Superior Court John W. King Louisburg 

Register of Deeds Alex T. Wood Louisburg 

Sheriff C. Willis Perry Louisburg 

Treasurer First Citizens Bank and Trust Company Louisburg 

Auditor Melvin C. Holmes Louisburg 



542 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Tax Supervisor Melvin C. Holmes Louisburg 

Tax Collector K. A. Braswell Louisburj 

County Account Melvin C. Holmes Louisburg 

Coroner William \V. O'Neal Louisburg 

County Health Officer Dr. S. D. Stallings Louisburg 

Supt. of Schools W. F. Mitchell Younssville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Lucy P. Burt ■. Louisburg 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Essa D. Shaw Louisburg 

Colored Mrs. Margaret L. Baldwin Louisburg 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White , C. T. Dean, Jr Louisburg 

Colored George L. P. Moore Louisburg 

Chairman Board Education P. W. Elam Louisburg 

Chairman Board Elections W. H. M. Jenkins Frankiinton 

District Game & Fish Protector Phillip R. Wilson Bunn 

Forest Warden Joe A. Pearce Louisburg 

County Attorney Edward F. Griffin Louisburg 

County Librarian Nannie Crowder Henderson 

Veterans Service Officer John E. Rouse Louisburg 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge J. E. Malone Louisburg 

Solicitor Edward F. Griffin Louisburg 

Commissioners 

Chairman H. S. Pearce Frankiinton 

Commissioner W. P. Long Louisburg 

Commissioner B. W. Young Rt. I, Younzsville 

Commissioner George H. Harris Rt. 3, Louisburg 

Commissioner N. Howard Griffin Rt. 2, Louisburg 



GASTON 

Gaston County was formed in 1846 from Lincoln. Was named in honor of Judge William Gaston, 
Member of Congress and Justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. From 1846 to 18n2 Gaston 
voted with Lincoln and Catawba. 

Population, 110,836 County Seat. Gastonia 

State Senator 26th District R. Grady Rankin Gastonia 

Members House of Representatives Charles K. Bryant, Sr Gastonia 

David P. DeUinger ■. .Cherryville 

Clerk Superior Court Paul E. Monroe Gastonia 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Rubye D. Rhyne Gastonia 

Sheriff Hoyle T. Efird Gastonia 

Treasurer J. Abel Ormand Gastonia 

Auditor C. E. Dent Gastonia 

Tax Supervisor Fred H. Shuford Gastonia 

Tax Collector Fred H. Shuford Gastonia 

County Accountant C. E. Dent Gastonia 

Coroner Wm. G. McLean Gastonia 

Surveyor J. Clarence Burwell Gastonia 

County Health Officer Dr. J. T. Ramsaur Gastonia 

Supt. of Schools Hunter Huss Gastonia 

Supt. of Public Welfare T. Graham Ponder Gastonia 

Home Demonstration Agent Lucille Tatum Gastonia 

Farm Demonstration Agent Paul Riser Gastonia 

Chairman Board Education M. A. Stroup Cherryville 

Chairman Board Elections James Mullen Gastonia 

District Game & Fish Protector Jake D. McLean Bessemer City 

Forest Warden T S. Davis Gastonia 

County Attorney Harley B. Gaston Belmont 

County Librarian Mrs. Bruce Heafner Gastonia 

Veterans Service Off.cer ,,,,.,,...,.... Charlie Hawkins ......................... Gastonia 



County Government 543 

Office Officer Address 

Recorder's Courts: 

Bessemer City: 

Jud?e C. B. Woltz Bessemer City 

Solieitor Henry L. Riser Bessemer City 

Cherry ville: 

Jud?e ., G. V. Lohr Clierryville 

i^olicitor David P. Dellinger Cherryville 

Gastonia: 

Judse Julius T. Sanders Gastonia 

Solicitor 0. F. Mason, Jr Gastonia 

Mount Holly: 

Judse ■ T. A, Belk Mount Holly 

yolicitor Max Childers Mount Holly 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. L. Stowe Belmont 

Commissioner 0. E. Massey Mount Holly 

Commissioner Fred Ormand Bessemer City 

Commissioner VV. B. Garrison Gastonia 

Commissioner Grier Beam Cherryville 

Commissioner Dan G. Buckner Dallas 



GATES 

Gate? County was formed in 1778 from Chowan, Perquimans, and Hertford. Was named in honor 
of General Horatio Gates, who commanded the American Army at the battle of Saratoga. At this battle 
an entire British Army was captured, but General Gates contributed nothing to that success. It is regarded 
as one of the most important battles in the history of the world. 

Population, 9,555 County Seat, Gatesville 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

Member House of Representatives Allen E. Askew Gatesville 

Clerk Superior Court L. C. Hand Gatesville 

Register of Deeds Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Sheriff L. F. Overman Gatesville 

Treasurer Tarheel Bank & Trust Company Gatesville 

Auditor Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Tax Supervisor Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Tax Collector L, F. Overman Gatesville 

County Accountant Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Coroner ~. Karl W. Rawls Gatesville 

Surveyor A. C. HoUowell Corapeake 

County Health OfScer Dr. James A. Fields Winton 

Supt. of Schools W. ('. Harrell .Gatesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Clarine G. Carter Gatesville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Bertha M. Brown Gatesville 

Colored Mrs. Pennie Battle Gatesville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John W. Artz Gatesville 

Colored H. L. Mitchell Gatesville 

Chairman Board Education H. F. Parker Eure 

Chairman Boald Elections P. F. Edmond .Gatesville 

District Game & Fish Protector D. E. Barnes Corapeake 

Forest Warden H. L. Langston, Jr Gates 

County Attorney Hubert Eason Gatesville 

County Librariin Mrs. Mildred Woodside Gatesville 

County Court: 

Judge H. V. Beamon Gatesville 

Solicitor Hubert Eason Gatesville 



544 North Carolina Manual 



Commissioners 

Office Officer Address 

Chairman C. H. Carter Hobbsville 

Coniniissioner W. L. Askew Eure 

Commissioner R. E. Miller Cat s 

( 'ommissioner T. J. Stallings Hobbsville 

Commissioner J. E. Gregory Sanbury 



GRAHAM 

Graham County was formed in 1872 from Cherokee. Was named in honor of Governor William A. 
Graham, United States Senator, Governor of North Carolina, Secretary of the Navy, Confederate States 
Senator. Graham County voted with Cherokee until 1883. 

Population, 6,886 County Seat. Robbinsville 

State Senator 33rd District R. S. Jones Franklin 

Member House of Representatives Dennis Massey Robbinsville 

Clerk Superior Court Arvil H. Webster Robbinsville 

Register of Deeds Edna Jones Scroggs Robbinsville 

Sheriff J. B. Crisp Robbinsville 

Treasurer Citizens Bank & Trust Company Robbinsville 

Tax Supervisor J. F. Hyde Robbinsville 

Tax Collector C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

County Accountant C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

Coroner Sam Sharp '. Robbinsville 

Surveyor Roy Sherrill Yellow Creek 

Supt. of Schools F. S. Griffin Robbinsville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Lura Bales Robbinsville 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Nellie Joe Carter Robbinsville 

Farm Demonstration Agent William H. Flake Robbinsville 

Chairman Board Education Bruce Ayers Tapoco 

Chairman Board Elections W. W. Jenkins Robbinsville 

District Game & Fish Protector Charley Garland Robbinsville 

Forest Warden Wayne Ayers Robbinsville 

County Attorney R. B. Morphey Robbinsville 

County Librarian Phyllis Snyder Murphy 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. Gladys Jordon Robbinsville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Jack Prince Fontana Dam 

Commissioner Roy Farley Tapoco 

Commissioner Fred Higdon Stecoah 



GRANVILLE 

Granville County was formed in 1746 from Edgecombe. Was named in honor of John Carteret, 
Earl Granville, who owned the Granville District. He was Prime Minister under King George II, and a 
very brilliant man. 

Population, 31,793 County Seat, Oxford 

State Senators 14th District W'ills Hancock Oxford 

Thomas B. Sawyer Durham 

Member House of Representatives Thomas W. Allen Rt. 1, Creedmoor 

Clerk Superior Court A. W. Graham, Jr Oxford 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Flora 0. Mann Oxford 

Sheriff E. P. Davis Oxford 

Auditor W. J. Webb O.xford 

Tax Supervisor W. J. Webb Oxford 



County Governmext ' 545 



Office Officer Address 

Tax Collector E. P. Davis Oxford 

County Accountant W. J. Webb Oxford 

Coroner F. Earle Hunt Oxford 

County Health Officer Dr. Rives W. Taylor Oxford 

Supt. of Schools D. N. Hix Oxford 

Supt. of Public Welfare J. R. Raper Oxford 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Dorothy G. Wilkerson Oxford 

Colored Mary Parham Powell Rt. 3, Oxford 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White C. V. Morgan Oxford 

Colored J. R. Redding Rt. 2, O.xford 

Chairman Board Education Dr. R. L. Noblin Oxford 

Chairman Board Elections John N. Watkins, Jr Oxford 

District Game & Fish Protector Thomas D. Brummitt Oxford 

Forest Warden D. C. Critcher Rt. 3' Oxford 

County Attorney T. G. Stem Oxford 

County Librarian Mrs. Edith F. Cannady Oxford 

Veterans Service Officer T. G. Stem, Jr Oxford 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge F. W. Hancock, Jr Oxford 

Solicitor Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Commissioners 

Chairman Fielding Knott Rt. 2, Oxford 

Commissioner A. H. A. Williams Oxford 

Commissioner Wilbur W. Whitfield Creedmoor 

Commissioner George D. Morton Rt. 4, Oxford 

' Commissioner Wilbur W. Yeargin Rt. 5, Oxford 

GREENE 

Greene County was formed in 1799 from Glasgow. Was named in honor of General Nathaniel Greene, 
Washington's "right-hand man." Next to Washngton General Greene is regarded as the greatest soldier 
of the Revolution. He fought the battle of Guilford Courthouse and saved North Carolina from the 
British. 

Population, 18,024 County Seat, Snow Hill 

State Senators 7th District Carl T. Hicks Waistonburg 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Member House of Representatives A. C. Edwards Hookerton 

Clerk Superior Court J. E. Mewborn Snow Hill 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Beulah R. Edwards Snow Hill 

Sheriff H. K. Cobb Snow Hill 

Treasurer B. S. Albritton Snow Hill 

Auditor George W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Tax Supervisor George W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Tax Collector W. R. Lane Snow Hill 

County Accountant George W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Coroner George V. Heath Snow Hill 

County Health Officer Dr. S. B. McPheeters Snow Hill 

Supt. of Schools B. L. Davis Snow Hill 

Supt, of Public Welfare Rachel Payne Sugg Snow Hill 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Margaret M. Jones Snow Hill 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John Grant Snow Hill 

Colored A. L. Jones Snow Hill 

Chairman Board Education Carl T. Hicks WaLstonburg 

Chairman Board Elections H. Maynard Hicks Snow Hill 

District Game & Fish Protector Melvin Hill Snow Hill 

Forest Warden J. C. Joyner Snow Hill 

County Attorney Walter G. Sheppard Snow Hill 



18 



54(; North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

County Librarian Minnie Best Dail Snow Hill 

Veterans Service Officer Walter (J. Sheppard Snow Hill 

County Court: 

Judge Walter (5. Sheppard Snow Hill 

Solicitor I.J. Horton Snow Hill 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. S. Whitley Walstonburs; 

Commissioner 1^. F. Herring Snow Hill 

Commissioner W. B. Gay Walstonburg 

Cgmmissimer E. E. Butts Hookerton 

Commissioi:er W. D. Corbett Snow Hill 

GUILFORD 

Guilford County was lormed in 17711 frcni Eowan and Orange. Was named in honor of Francis 
North. Earl of Guilford, an En)?lish nobltm;;n. He was the father of Lord North, who was Prime Min- 
ister under King George III during the Revolution. Lord North afterwards succeeded his father as Earl 
of Guilford. 

Population, 191.057 County Seat, Greensboro 

State Senator 17th District Joseph T. Carruthers, Jr Greensboro 

Members House of Representatives Walter E. Crissman High Point 

0. .-Arthur Kirkman High Point 

Clyde A. Shreve r Stokesdale 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 

Clerk Superior Court Joseph P. Shore . Greensboro 

Register of Deeds John H. McAdoo Greensboro 

Sheriff John E. Walters Greensboro 

Treasurer I vey Harold Black Greensboro 

Tax Supervisor William F. Hester Greensboro 

Tax Collector William F. Hester Greensboro 

County Accountant Hugh L. Ross Greensboro 

Coroner .' W. W. Harvey Greensboro 

County Health Officer Dr. E. H. EUinwood Greensboro 

Supt. of Schools E. D. Idol Greensboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Blanche Carr Sterne Greensboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Betty Daniels Greensboro 

Colored Mrs. Rosa T. Winchester Greensboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. I. Wagoner Greensboro 

Colored B. .\. Hall Greensboro 

Chairman Board Education J. H. Joyner Greensboro 

Chairman Board Elections George C. Hampton, Jr Greensboro 

District Game & Fish Protector J. K. Davis Oak Ridge 

Forest Warden James A. Altman Elon College 

County Manager J. Harry Weatherly Greensboro 

County Attorney T. C. Hoyle, Sr Greensboro 

County Librarian Paul S. Ballance Greensboro 

Veterans Service Officer A. H. Cumbie Greensboro 

Greensboro Municipal-County Court: 

Judge Criminal Division E. Earle Rives Greensboro 

Judge Civil Division W. Owen Cooke Greensboro 

Solicitor E. D. Kuykendall, Sr Greensboro 

High Point Municipal Court: 

Judge D. C. MacRae High Point 

Solicitor L. J. Fisher, Jr High Point 

Commissioners 

Chairman L. C. .\mos Greensboro 

Commissioner F. Logan Porter High Point 

Commissioner Chas. J. Hunt Greensboro 

Commissioner Sidney B. Allen Greensboro 

Commissioner W. G. Ragsdale Jamestown 



County Government 547 



HALIFAX 

Halifax County was formed in 1758 from Edgecombe. Was named in honor of George Montagu 
Dunk, Earl of Halifax, president of the Board of Trade, which had control of the colonies before the Rev- 
olution. 

Population, 58,377 County Seat. Halifax 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 4th District Julian R. AUsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

L. H. Fouiitian Tarboro 

Member House of Representatives Joseph Branch Enfield 

Clerk Superior Court George A. Hux Halifax 

Register of Deeds Frank D. Wilson Halifax 

Sheriff H. A. House Halifax 

Auditor C. S. Vinson Halifax 

Tax Supervisor C. S. Vinson Halifax 

Tax Collector Mrs. Ruth Gregory Halifax 

County Accountant C. 8. \'inson Halifax 

Coroner Rufus Britton Roanoke Rapids 

County Health Officer Dr. Robert F. Young Roanoke Rapids 

Supt. of Schools W. Henrv Overman Roanoke Rapids 

Supt. of Public Welfare J. B. Hall Scotland Neck 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Florence Cox Halifax 

Colored Ruth Whitworth Enfield 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. 0. Davis Weldon 

Colored D. J. Knight Enfield 

Chairman Board Education Thomas Moss Enfield 

Chairman Board Elections L. P. MiUikin Halifax 

District Game & Fish Protector CM. Pettitt Roanoke Rapids 

Forest Warden M. M. Lawrence Hahfax 

County Attorney Kelly Jenkins Roanoke Rapids 

County Librarian Mrs. Gay Spivey Weldon 

Veterans Service Officer Frank A. Cole Roanoke Rapids 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Chas R. Daniel Weldon 

Solicitor R. C. Josey HI Roailoke Rapids 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. R. Wrenn Roanoke Rapids 

Commissioner C. S. Alexander Scotland Neck 

Commissioner M. H. Mitchell Weldon 

Commissioner D. G. Dickens RFD, Littleton 

Commissioner R. C. Rives • Enfield 



HARNETT 

Harnett County was formed in 1S55 from Cumberland. Was named in honor of Cornelius Harnettt 
eminent Revolutionary patriot. President of the Provincial Council, President of the Council of Safety, 
delegate to the Continental Congress, author of the Halifax Resolution of April 12, 1770. Harnett voted 
with Cumberland until 1865. 

Population, 47,605 County Seat, Lill'iigtcn 

State Senators 12th District J. Hawley Poole West End 

J. R. Young Dunn 

Member House of Representatives Carson Gregory Rt. 1, Angier 

Clerk Superior Court Robert B. Morgan Liilington 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Inez Harrington Liilington 

Sheriff W. E, Salmon Liilington 

Auditor Herbert L. Carson Liilington 



548 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Tax Supervisor Berles Johnson Lillingtoii 

Tax Collector Duncan P. Ray, Jr Lilliiitgon 

Coroner Grover C. Henderson Dunn 

Surveyor Walter Lee Johnson Lillingtoii 

County Health Officer Dr. \V. B. Hunter Lillington 

Supt, of Schools C. Reid Ross Lillington 

Supt. of Public Welfare Wilma Williams Angier 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Loraine Vail Lillington 

Colored Mrs. Ida P. Hinnant Lillington 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White C. R. Amnions Lillington 

Colored L. K. Boston Lilhngton 

Chairman Board Education S. G. Thomas Rt. 1, Broadway 

Chairman Board Elections Henry Strickland Angier 

District Game & Fish Protector T. J. Turlington Rt 3. Dunn 

Forest Warden J. E.lis Byrd Bunnlevel 

County Attorney W. A. Johnson Lillington 

County Librarian Mrs. S. R. McKay Lillington 

Veterans Service Officer L. B. McLean Erwin 

County Recorder's Court: 

Judge F. H. Taylor Buies Creek 

Solicitor Neil McK. Ross Lillington 

Dunn Recorder's Court: 

Judge H. Paul Strickland Dunn 

Solicitor J. Shepard Bryan Dunn 

Commissioners 

Chairman L. .\. Tart Dunn 

Commissioner C. G. Fields Angier 

Commissioner Worth Lee Byrd Lillington 

Commissioner B. P. Ingram Mamers 

Commissioner R. L. Pate Erwin 

HAYWOOD 

Haywood County was formed in 1808 from Buncombe. Was named in honor of John Haywood, 
who for forty years (1787-1827) was the popular Treasurer of the State. 

Population, 37,631 Waynesville 

State Senators 32nd District William Medford Waynesville 

E. A. Westbrook Rt. 1, Tryon 

Member House of Representatives Oral L. Yates Rt. 2, Waynesville 

Clerk Superior Court J. B. Siler Waynesville 

Register of Deeds Jule Noland Waynesville 

Sheriff Fred Y. Campbell Waynesville 

Auditor James Kirkpatrick Waynesville 

Tax Collector Sebe T. Bryson Waynesville 

Coroner Dr. J. Frank Pate Canton 

County Health Officer Dr. I. M. Weir Waynesville 

Supt. of Schools Jack Messer Waynesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Sam Queen, Sr Waynesville 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary Cornwell Waynesville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Wayne Corpening Waynesville 

Chairman Board Education R. T. Messer Waynesville 

Chairman Board Elections C. E. Cole Canton 

District Game & Fish Protector Edwin Jackson Clyde 

Forest Warden R. E. Caldwell Rt. 2, Maggie 

County Manager Charles C. Francis Rt. 1. Waynesville 

County Attorney W. Roy Francis Waynesville 

County Librarian Margaret Johnston Waynesville 

Veterans Service Officer Bruce B. Brown Clyde 



County Government 549 



Commissioners 

Office Officer Address 

Chairman Charles C. Francis Rt. 1, Waynesviile 

Commissioner Frank M. Davis Rt. 2, Waynesviile 

Commissioner Jarvis H. Allison Waynesviile 



HENDERSON 

Henderson County was formed in 1838 from Buncombe. Was named in honor of Leonard Henderson, 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. 

Population, 30,921 County Seat, Hendersonville 

State Senators 32nd District William Medford Waynesviile 

E. A. Westbrook Rt. 1, Tryon 

Member House of Representatives R. Lee Whitmire Hendersonville 

Clerk Superior Court George W. Fletcher Hendersonvilfe 

Register of Deeds Marshall Watterson Hendersonville 

Sheriff W. G. McCall Hendersonville 

Tax Supervisor Curtis Newman Hendersonville 

Tax Collector J. M . Stewart Hendersonville 

County Accountant E. E. McBride Hendersonville 

Coroner Dr. Richard A. Porter Hendersonville 

Countv Health OfiScer Dr. J. D. Lutz (Acting) Hendersonville 

Surveyor Henry B. Hamilton Hendersonville 

Supt. of Schools R. G.' Anders Hendersonville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Lueinda C. Cole Hendersonville 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary Ruth Church Hendersonville 

Farm Demonstration Agent D. W. Bennett Hendersonville 

Chairman Board Education Floyd Osborne Arden 

Chairman Board Elections L. T. Dermid Hendersonville 

District Game & Fish Protector Clyde L. Jackson Rt. 1, Flat Rock 

Forest Warden James Rhodes Rt. 2, Hendersonville 

County Attorney G. H. Valentine Hendersonville 

Veterans Service Officer \^'m. E. Jamison Hendersonville 

Recorder's Court; . 

Judge J. E. Shipman Hendersonville 

Solicitor Jonathan W. .Jackson Hendersonville 

Commissioners 

Chairman E. E. McBride Hendersonville 

Commissioner D. G. Wilkie Hendersonville 

Commissioner James J. Thompson Hendersonville 



HERTFORD 

Hertford County was formed in 1759 from Chowan, Bertie, and Northampton. Was named iii^ honor 
of Francis Seymour Conway, Mar<juis of Hertford, an English nobleman. He was a brother of GeiuTal 
Conway, a distinguished British soldier and member of Parliament, who favored the repeal of the Stamp 
Act. The word Hertford is said to mean "Red Ford." 

Population, 21,453 County Seat, Wiiiton 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copcland Murfrecsboro 

J. Enimctt Winslow Hertford 

Member House of Representatives C. Gordon Maddrey ' ■ Ahoskie 

Clerk Superior Court Arthur W. Greene JX'"'"" 

Register of Deeds T. D. Northcott )},!"'"" 

Sheriff C. W. Parker W niton 

Auditor H.J. Brown Winton 

Tax Supervisor T. M. Condon W'lnton 



550 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Tax ('ollector T. M. Condon Winton 

County Accountant H.J. Brown Winton 

Coroner E. S. Williams (Acting) Ahoskic 

County Health Officer Dr. James A. Fields Winton 

Supt. of Schools Russell P. Martin Winton 

t^upt. of Public Welfare LP. Davis Winton 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Lydia M. Booth Winton 

Colored Mrs. Clara York Motley Winton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. W. Ballentine Winton 

Cplored MehTn L. Johnson Winton 

Chairman Board Education George T. Underwood Murfreesboro 

Chairman Board Elections R. H. Underwood Murfreesboro 

District Game & Fish Protector J. H. Vinson Winton 

Forest Warden J. R. Jordan Winton 

County Attorney C. Wallace Jones Winton 

County Librarian Dorothy Avery Winton 

Veterans Service Officer Joseph D. Blythe Ahoskie 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. D. Boone Winton 

Solicitor Joseph D. Blythe Ahoskie 

Commissioners 

Chairman Fred Jones Winton 

Commissioner W. H. Basnight Ahoskie 

Commissioner E. C. Callis Harrellsville 

Commissioner R. C. Brett Como 

Commissioner W. C. Ferguson Murfreesboro 

Commissioner W. H. Vinson RFD. Woodland 

HOKE 

Hoke County was formed in 1911 from Cumberland and Robeson. Was named in honor of Robert 
F. Hoke, of North Carolina, Major-General in the Confederate States .^rmy. 

Population, 15,756 County Seat, Raeford 

State Senators 12th District J. Hawlej- Poole West End 

J. R. Young Dunn 

Member House of Representatives Harry A. Greene Raeford 

Clerk Superior Court J. B. Cameron Raeford 

Register of Deeds J. E. Gulledge Raeford 

Sheriff D. H. Hodgin Raeford 

Treasurer Bank of Raeford Raeford 

Auditor J. A. McGoogan Raeford 

Tax Supervisor J. A. McGoogan Raeford 

Tax Collector D. H. Hodgin Raeford 

County Accountant J. A. McGoogan Raeford 

Coroner James C. Lentz Raeford 

Surveyors J. H. Blue & Robert Catling Raeford 

County Health Officer Dr. J. W. Wilcox Carthage 

Supt. of Schools K. A. MacDonald Raeford 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. C. H. Giles Raeford 

Home Demonstration Agent Josephine Hall Raeford 

Farm Demonstration Agent E. M. Stallings Raeford 

Chairman Board Education Carl G. Riley RFD, Raeford 

Chairman Board of Elections G. B. Rowland Raeford 

District Game & Fish Protector H. R. McLean Raeford 

Forest Warden Foster McBrvde RFD, Raeford 

County Manager J. A. McGoogan Raeford 

County Attorney Arthur D. Gore Raeford 

County Librarian Mrs. Ina P. Bethune Raeford 

Veterans Service Officer Marion Maxwell Raeford 



County Government 551 



Office Officer Address 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Henry W. McDiarmid Raeford 

Solicitor J. M. Andrews RFD. Red Springs 

Commissioners 

Chairman F. Knox Watson RFD, Rod Springs 

Commissioner J. Fulford McMillan RFD, Raeford 

Commissioner W. M. Thomas Raeford 

Commissioner N. H. G. Balfour RFD, Lumber Bridge 

Commissioner Marshall Newton RFD, Raeford 



HYDE 

Hyde County was formed in 1705 from Bath. Called Wickham until about 1712. Named Hyde in 
honor of Governor Edward Hyde, of North Carolina, a grandson of the Earl of Clarendon. The Earl 
was one of the Lords Proprietors. Governor Hyde was a first cousin of Queen .\nne. 

Population, 6,479 County Seat, Swan Quarter 

State Senators 2nd District Sam M. Campen Alliance 

Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

Member House of Representatives Russell A. Swindell Swan Quarter 

Clerk Superior Court Harold L. Williams Swan Quarter 

Register of Deeds Evelyn H. Swindell Swan Quarter 

Sheriff Charlie J, Cahoon Swan Quarter 

Treasurer East Carolina Bank Swan Quarter 

Tax Supervisor Mrs. Maude W. Jones Swan Quarter 

County Accountant Mrs. Maude W. Jones Swan Quarter 

County Health Officer Dr. William S. Cann (Acting) Swan Quarter 

Supt. of Schools N. W. Shelton Swan Quarter 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Esther Williams (Acting) Swan Quarter 

Home Demonstration Agent Ella Carawan Swan Quarter 

P^arm Demonstration Agent W. H. Pruden Swan Quarter 

Chairman Board Education G. M. Cutrell Fairfield 

Chairman Board Elections Fred A. Mason Swan (Quarter 

Forest Warden A. G. Berry Fairfield 

County Attorney G. T. Davis Swan (Juarter 

County Librarian Elizabeth Copeland Washington 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. Evelyn H. Swindell ; . . . Swan Quarter 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Joe L. Simmons, Jr Fairfield 

Solicitor G. T. Davis Swan Quarter 

Commissioners 

Chairman H. L. Sadler Swan Quarter 

Commissioner P. C. Simmons Fairfield 

Commissioner S. B. Credle Swan Quarter 



IREDELL 

Iredell County was formed in 17K8 from Rowan. Named in honor of James [rcdell, of Kdenton, 
who was one of the foremost lawyers of the State. In 178S and 17Sfl he was one of the leader.* in the 
State in advocating the adoption of the Constitution of the United States. His si)eeches in the Con- 
vention of 1788 at Hillsboro were among the ablest delivered by any of the advocates of the Constitution. 
Washington appointed him in 1790 a Justice of the Supreme Court of the I'nited States, 

Population, Se.-'^OS County Seat, Statesville 

State Senators 25th District C. H. Dearman Statesville 

M. T. Leatherman Lincolnton 

Member House of Representatives William R. Pope Mooresvillc 



552 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Clerk Superior Court Carl G. Smith Statesville 

Register of Deeds Mariemma Hendley Statesville 

Sheriff J- C. Rumple Statesville 

Treasurer John T. Gillespie Statesville 

Auditor Sam G. Hall Statesville 

Tax Supervisor Sam G. Hall Statesville 

Tax Collector John T. Gillespie Statesville 

County Accountant Sam G. Hall Statesville 

Coroner Marvin W. Raymer Statesville 

Surveyor Robert B. Kestler Statesville 

County Health Officer Dr. Ernest Ward Statesville 

Supt. of Schools T. Ward Guy Statesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. R. M. Rickert Statesville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Myrtle Westmoreland Statesville 

Colored Mrs. Lois C. Barnhill Statesville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Roger W. Murdock Statesville 

Colored D. 0. Ivey Statesville 

Chairman Board Education C. H. Knox Rt. 4, Statesville 

Chairman Board Elections Zeb V. Long, Jr Statesville 

District Game & Fish Protector Hugh A. Robertson Statesville 

County Manager Sam G. Hall Statesville 

County Attorney Zeb V. Turlington MooresviUe 

County Librarian Mary Neil Conner Statesville 

Veterans Service Officer J. P. VanHoy Union Grove 

County Recorder's Court: 

Judge C. B. Winberry Statesville 

Solicitor Fred Hedrick Statesville 

MooresviUe Recorder's Court: . 

Judge Grant Bokner MooresviUe 

Solicitor George A. Morrow MooresviUe 

Commissioners 

Chairman John F. Long Statesville 

Commissioner W. E. Webb, Sr Statesville 

Commissioner J. L. McLain Troutman 

Commissioner R. H. Kennedy , ^Harmony 

Commissioner R. C. Millsaps MooresviUe 



JACKSON 

Jackson County was formed in 1851 from Haywood and Macon. Named in honor of Andrew Jackson, 
who was born in Mecklenburg County (the site of his birthplace is now in Union), won the briUiant victory 
over the British at New Orleans, in 1815, and was twice elected President of the United States. 

Population, 19.261 County Seat, Sylva 

State Senators 32nd District William Medford Wayn^ville 

E. A. Westbrook Rt. 1, Tryon 

Member House of Represnetatives Frank H. Brown, Jr CuUowhee 

Clerk Superior Court John E. Henson Sylva 

Register of Deeds Glenn Hughes oyjva 

Sheriff C. G. Middleton ■ Sy va 

Treasurer Jennings A. Bryson a^. 

Tax Supervisor Jennings A. Bryson ■ Sy va 

Tax Collector Tom L. Clayton Sy va 

County Accountant Tom L. Clayton oyjva 

Coroner Jack F. Cooper ^ , Sylva 

Surveyor A. E. Brown Tuckasegee 

County Health Officer Dr. Carl C. Janowsky by va 

Supt. of Schools W. Vernon Cope ^yjva 

Supt. of Public Welfare G. C. Hensou by'va 



County Government 553 



Office Officer Address 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary Johnston Sylva 

Farm Demonstration Agent Paul Gibson Sylva 

Chairman Board Education W. R. Enloe Sylva 

Chairman Board Elections J. C. Passmore Cashiers 

District (iame & Fish Protector W. B. Cope Sylva 

Forest Warden Charlie Evans Sylva 

County Attorney C. C. Buchanan Sylva 

County Librarian Sadie Luck Sylva 

Veterans Service Officer 0. E. Monteith Sylva 

Commissioners 

Chairman Jennings A. Bryson Sylva 

Commissioner Ed. Fisher Sylva 

Commissioner M . V. Breedlove Sylva 



JOHNSTON 

Johnston County was formed in 1746 from Craven. Afterwards parts of Duplin and Orange were 
added. Was named in honor of Gabriel Johnston, Governor of North Carolina from 1734 to 17.52. 

Population, 65,906 County Seat, Smithfield 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 8th District Hardv Talton Pikevillc 

Adam J. Whitley, Jr Rt. 1, Smithfield 

Members House of Representatives G. Troy Page Clayton 

J. Hayden Wiggs Selma 

Clerk Superior Court H. V. Rose Smithfield 

Register of Deeds , W. (i. Massey Smithfield 

Sheriff Barney A. Henry Smithfield 

Treasurer. . „ J. Narvin Creech Smithfield 

Auditor J. Marvin Johnson Smithfield 

Tax Supervisor J. Marvin Johnson Smithfield 

Tax Collector Thomas L. Upchurch Smithfield 

County Aecoimtant J. Marvin Johnson Smithfield 

Coroner J. Durwood Creech Smithfield 

Surveyor C. B. Fulghum Selma 

County Health Officer Dr. E. S. Grady , . Smithfield 

Supt. of Schools H. B, Marrow J. Smithfield 

Supt. of Public Welfare Robert M. Colville Smithfield 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Callie Hardwick Smithfield 

Colored Mrs. Lucy Tool Smithfield 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John Pyland Smithfield 

Colored L. R. Johnson Smithfield 

Chairman Board Education Conrad Parker Princeton 

Chairman Board Elections Lewis G. Creech Smithfield 

District Game & Fish Protector Harold King Smithfielf 

Forest Warden Howard Stephenson Smithfield 

County Attorney Jerry L. George Smithf