(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "North Carolina manual [serial]"

THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINL^NA 



C917.05 
N87II1 
1953 
C.5 




This book may be kept out one month unless a recall 
notice is sent to you. It must be brought to the North 
Carolina Collection (in Wilson Library) for renewal. 



Form No. A-369 



NORTH CAROLINA 

MANUAL 

1953 



A 



yf^i^ 



r^ f 




NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1953 




Issued by 

Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 

Raleigh 



1953 



JANUARY 


FEBRUARY 


MARCH 


APRIL 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T I- S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


1 2 3 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
II 12 13 14 15 16 17 

18 19 20 21 22 2) 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 


12 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 


12 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 

29 30 31 


12 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 

26 27 28 29 30 


MAY 


JUNE 


JULY 


AUGUST 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 


S M T W T F S 



1 2 
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
10 II 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31 



12 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 II 12 13 

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 

28 29 30 



12 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 

26 27 28 29 30 31 



1 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 

30 31 



SEPTEMBER 

5 M T VV T F S 

12 3 4 5 

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 
27 28 29 30 



OCTOBER 

S M T W T F S 

I 2 3 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 

II 12 13 14 15 16 17 

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 



NOVEMBER 

S M T W T F S 

12 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 
29 30 



DECEMBER 

5 M T W T F S 

12 3 4 5 

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 

26 21 22 23 24 25 26 

27 28 29 30 31 



1954 



JANUARY 

S M T W T F S 
1 2 

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31 

MAY 

S M T W T F S 
1 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 

9 10 II 12 13 14 15 

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 

30 31 



FEBRUARY 

S M T W T F S 

12 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 II 12 13 
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 
28 

JUNE 

5 M T W T F S 

12 3 4 5 

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 
27 28 29 30 



MARCH 

S M T W T F S 

12 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 1 I 12 13 

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 

28 29 30 31 

JULY 

S M T W T F S 
1 2 3 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 



APRIL 

S M T W T F S 
1 2 3 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 

AUGUST 

5 M T W T F S 

12 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 

29 30 31 



SEPTEMBER 



S M 



T W 
> I 1 



T F S 

2 3 4 
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 
26 27 28 29 30 



OCTOBER 

S M T W T F S 

I 2 
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
10 II 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31 



NOVEMBER 

S M T W T F S 

12 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 

28 29 30 



DECEMBER 

S M T W T F S 
12 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 
26 27 28 29 30 31 



L // /^ 



r.5 



TO THE 

1953 MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 



TO THE 

STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND TOWN OFFICIALS 



AND TO THE 

PEOPLE OF THE OLD NORTH STATE 
AT HOME AND ABROAD 



THIS MANUAL IS RESPECTFULLY 
DEDICATED 




Secretary of State 



% 
^ 



Printed bv 

WINSTON PRINTING COMPANY 

Winston-Salem, N. C, U. S. A. 



CONTENTS 

PART I 

HISTORICAL 

Page 

The State 3 

The State Capitol 11 

Chief Executives of North Carolina 

Governors of Virginia 13 

Executives under the Proprietors 13 

Governors under the Crown 14 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 14 

Governors Elected by the People 16 

List of Lieutenant Governors 18 

The State Flag 21 

The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence 22 

The Great Seal of North Carolina 24 

The State Bird 27 

The Halifax Resolution 28 

Name of State and Nicknames 29 

The State Motto 29 

The State Colors 30 

The State Flower 30 

The State's Most Famous Toast 30 

Legal Holidays in North Carolina 30 

Population of the State since 1675 31 

State Song 32 

The Constitution of North Carolina 33 

The American's Creed '^•i 

The American Flag 

Origin 73 

Proper Display 75 

Pledge to the Flag 79 

The National Capitol 81 

Declaration of Independence 84 

Constitution of the United States 89 

PART II 

CENSUS 

Seventeenth Census, 1950 

Population of State 11«^ 

Population of Counties 114 

Population of Cities and Towns 114 

V 



VI North Carolina Manual 

PART III 
POLITICAL 

Page 

Congressional Districts 123 

Judicial Districts 128 

Senatorial Districts and Apportionment of Senators 124 

Apportionment of ]\Iembers of the House of Representatives.... 127 

State Democratic Platform 128 

Plan of Organization of the State Democratic Party 143 

Committees of the Democratic Party 

State Democratic Executive Committee 156 

Congressional District Executive Committees 160 

Judicial District Executive Committees 164 

Senatorial Executive Committees 170 

State Democratic Solicitorial District 

Executive Committees 173 

Chairmen of the Countv Executives Committees 177 

State Republican Platform' 179 

Plan of Organization of the State Republican Party 190 

Committees of the Republican Party 

State Republican Executive Committee 196 

Congressional, Judicial, and Senatorial 

District Committees 198 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 198 



PART IV 
ELECTION RETURNS 

Popular and Electorial Vote for President bv States, 1952 203 

Popular Vote for President bv States, 1936-1948 204 

Vote for President by Counties, 1932-1952 206 

Vote for Governor by Counties, Primaries, 1952 209 

Vote for Governor by Counties, General Elections, 1932-1952.... 211 

Vote for State Officials, Democratic Primaries, 1944 and 1948.... 214 

Vote for State Officials by Counties, Primary, 1952 215 

Total Votes Cast— General Election, 1952 223 

Vote for Governor in Democratic Primaries, 1924-1952 224 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primary, May 31, 1952.... 225 

Vote for Congressmen in Second Primary, June 28, 1952 228 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1938-1952 230 

Vote for United States Senator, First Primary, May 27, 1950 242 

Vote for United States Senator, Second Primary, June 24, 1950 244 
Vote for United States Senator, General Election, 

November 7, 1950 246 

Vote for Constitutional Amendments by Counties, 1952 248 

Vote on Prohibition, 1881, 1908, 1933 254 



Contents VII 

PART V 
GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

Page 

Agencies, Boards and Commissions 257 

North Carolina Institutions 
Correctional 

White 278 

Negro 278 

Educational 

White 279 

Negro 286 

Hospitals 

White 290 

Negro 293 

Confederate Woman's Home 29.3 

Examining Boards 294 

State Owned Railroads 300 

PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 

The General Assembly 

Senate 

Officers 303 

Senators (Arranged Alphabetically) 303 

Senators (Arranged by Disti'icts) 304 

Rules 305 

Standing Committees 320 

Seat Assignments 329 

House of Representatives 

Officers 330 

Members (Arranged Alphabetically) 330 

Members (Arranged by Counties) 332 

Rules 334 

Standing Committees 348 

Seat Assignm.ents 363 

PART VII 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Executive Officials 369 

Administrative Officials 377 

United States Senators 398 

Representatives in Congress 400 

Justices of the Supreme Court 410 

Members of the General Assembly 

Senators 417 

Representatives 448 

Occupational and Professional Classification 511 



VIII North Carolina Manual 

PART VIII 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 

Page 
United States Government 

President and Vice-President 519 

Cabinet Members 519 

North Carolina Senators and Representatives in Congress 519 

United States Supreme Court Justices 519 

United States District Court 

Judges 519 

Clerks 519 

District Attorneys 519 

United States Circuit Court of Appeals 

Judge Fourth District 519 

State Government 

Legislative Department 520 

Executive Department 520 

Judicial Department 520 

Administrative Department ] 521 

State Institutions 522 

Heads of Agencies other than State 523 

County Government 524 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

State Capitol 10 

State Flag !..."!.".""" 20 

State Seal ..."."".."!.".".."!..". 25 

State Bird ....!!!!!."."!."". 26 

State Song (Words and Music) ."."!!!!"!..."..".!.." 32 

Map of North Carolina 70 

The American Flag Opposite'Page 72 

Map Showing Senatorial Districts 136, 137 

Map Showing Congressional Districts 168' 169 

Map Showing Judicial Districts 200,' 201 

Seating Diagram of Senate Chamber ' 328 

Seating Diagram of House of Representatives ." 364 

Pictures 

Governor 3gg 

State Officers ."."..". 373 

Senators and Congressmen 397 403 

Justices of the Supreme Court [', ' 412 

State Senators 41g 423 431 

Members House of Representatives 

450, 459, 467, 475, 484, 493, 505 



PART I 
HISTORICAL 



THE STATE 

North Carolina, often called the "Tar Heel" state, was the scone 
of the first attempt to colonize America by English-speaking peo- 
ple. Under a charter granted to Sir ^Sltgi' Raleigh by Queen 
Elizabeth, a colony was begun in the iBhrVi;. on Roanoke Island. 
This settlement, however, was unsuccessful and later became 
known as "The Lost Colony." 

The first permanent settlement was made about 1650 by immi- 
grants from Virginia. In 1663 Charles II granted to eight Lord 
Proprietors a charter for the territory lying "within six and 
thirty degrees of the northern latitude, and to the west as far as 
the south seas, and so southerly as far as the river St. Mattias, 
which bordereth upon the coast of Florida, and within one and 
thirty degrees of northern latitude, and so west in a direct line as 
far as the south seas aforesaid; . . ." and the colony was called 
Carolina. In 1665 another charter was granted to these noble- 
men. This charter extended the limits of Carolina so that the 
northern line was 36 degrees and 30 minutes north latitude, and 
the southern line was 29 degrees north latitude, and both of these 
lines extended westward to the South seas. 

In 1669 John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions as a 
model for the government of Carolina. The Lord Proprietors 
adopted these constitutions and directed the governor to put into 
operation as much of them as was feasible. In 1670 there were 
four precincts (changed to counties in 1739) ; Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans, Chowan, and Currituck. North Carolina now has one 
hundred counties. 

Carolina on December 7, 1710, was divided into North Caroliiia 
and South Carolina, and Edward Hyde, on May 12, 1712, became 
the first governor of North Carolina. 

In 1729 seven of the eight Lord Proprietors sold their interest 
in Carolina to the Crown and North Carolina became a royal 
colony. George Burrington was the first royal governor. Richard 
Everard, the last proprietary governor, served until Burrington 
was appointed. 

North Carolina, on April 12, 1776, authorized her delegates in 
the Continental Congress to vote for independence, and on Decem- 
ber 18, 1776, adopted a constitution. Richard Caswell became the 



4 North Carolina Manual 

first governer under this constitution. On November 21, 1789, the 
state adopted the United States Constitution, being the twelfth 
state to enter the Federal Union. North Carolina, in 1788, had 
rejected the Constitution on the grounds that certain amendments 
were vital and necessary to a free people. 

A Constitutional convention was held in 1835 and among several 
changes made in the Constitution was the method of electing the 
governor. After this change the governor was elected by the peo- 
ple for a term of two years instead of being elected by the Legis- 
lature for a term of one year. Edward Bishop Dudley was the 
first governor elected by the people. 

North Carolina seceded from the Union May 20, 1861, and was 
readmitted to the Uiiion in July, 1868. 

A new State Constitution was adopted in 1868 and since that 
date the governor has been elected by the people for four-year 
terms and he cannot succeed himself. There has not been a new 
constitution since 1868, but numerous amendments have been added 
to it. 

North Carolina has had a democratic administration since 1900, 
during which period it has made its greatest progress. 

North Carolina has had two permanent capitals — New Bern and 
Raleigh — and there have been three capitol buildings. Tryon's 
Palace in New Bern was constructed in the period, 1767-1770, and 
the main building was destroyed by fire February 27, 1798. The 
first capitol in Raleigh was completed in 1794 and was destroyed 
by fire on June 21, 1831. The present capitol was completed in 1840. 

The state in 1790 ceded her western lands, which was composed 
of Washington, Davidson, Hawkins, Greene, Sullivan, Sumner, 
and Tennessee counties, to the Federal government, and between 
1790 and 1796 the territory was known as Tennessee Territory, 
but in 1796 it became the fifteenth state in the Union. 

In 1738, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed an act 
authorizing the establishment of district courts which served as 
appelant courts. These courts were authorized to be held in Bath, 
New Bern, and New Town — now Wilmington. In 1746, the Gen- 
eral Assembly repealed the act of 1738 and established district 
courts to be held at Edenton, Wilmington, and Edgecombe. From 
1754 until 1790, other districts were formed as the state expanded 
in territory and developed needs for these districts. By 1790, there 
were eight judicial districts divided into two ridings of four dis- 



The State 5 

tricts each. In 1806, the General Assembly passed an act estab- 
lishing a superior court in each county. The act also set up judi- 
cial districts composed of certain contiguous counties, and this 
practice of expanding the districts has continued from five districts 
in 1806 until now there are twenty-one districts. 

When North Carolina adopted the Federal Constitution on 
November 21, 1789, she was authorized to send two senators and 
five representatives to the Congress of the United States accord- 
ing to the constitutional apportionment. In 1792, when the first 
federal census had been completed and tabulated, it was found that 
North Carolina was entitled to ten representatives. It was then 
that the General Assembly divided the state into ten congressional 
districts. In 1812, the state had grown and increased in population 
until it was entitled to thirteen representatives in Congress. Be- 
tween 1812 and 1865, however, the population decreased so much 
in proportion to the population of the other states of the Union 
that Noi'th Carolina was by that time entitled only to seven repre- 
sentatives. Since 1865 the population of the state has shown a 
slow but steady increase, and now there are twelve congressional 
districts. The state, therefore, has two senators and twelve repre- 
sentatives in the Congress of the United States. 

North Carolina provides a basic, state-supported nine months 
public school term. Sixty of the 172 units supplement this locally. 
Separate schools are maintained for different races. Public school 
enrollment in 1951-52 was 912,597. There were 28,897 teachers and 
1,752 principals and supervisors and 172 superintendents. More 
than two-thirds of all general fund taxes collected by the state are 
used for education. The state operates the largest bus fleet in the 
world, 6,130 vehicles, to transport 410,000 children to the public 
schools. Attendance is compulsory for children between ages 7 
and 16. 

There are 3,456 public school buildings, and a $125,000,000 
building program is now in progress. Value of public school prop- 
erty in 1950-51 was $282,558,115. 

The University of North Carolina, chartered in 1789, was the 
first state university to open its doors. The Greater University 
of North Carolina is comprised of the University at Chapel Hill, 
State College at Raleigh, and Woman's College in Greensboro. In 
all there are 59 institutions of higher learning in the state. 
Twelve are state-supported. Forty-three are private or denomina- 



6 North Carolina Manual 

tional. Four are public institutions but without state support. 
Thirteen of these institutions are exclusively for Negroes and one 
for Indians. Duke University in Durham is one of the most heavily 
endowed institutions of hig'her learning in the world. Total uni- 
versity and college enrollment in 1951 was 40,739. 

On January 1, 1952, the state had under its direct jurisdiction 
66,547 miles of highways, roads and streets in North Carolina, 
this length being roughly equivalent to the distance of two and 
one-half times around the world at the equator. This vast mileage 
is divided into three basic systems, as follows: 

The Rural State Highway System which covers the U. S. and 
N. C. routes for a length of 10,642 miles, of which 10,304 are hard 
surfaced. 

The County or Secondary Roads include 53,511 miles and are 
under the exclusive jurisdiction of the state. By September 30, 
1952, 17,738 miles of these roads had been hardsurfaced. Phe- 
nomenal growth has been noted in this respect since Januai-y 1, 
1950. This 17,738 miles had been increased from 6,372 miles 
within less than three years, representing a paving program on 
this system during the period of 11,366 miles. This great paving 
program was financed by a special bond issue approved by the 
people in an election held in June of 1949 and represents by far 
the greatest secondary road paving program by any state in a 
similar period of time. 

In addition, the state has exclusive or coordinate jurisdiction 
over 2,394 miles of city and town streets which form a part of the 
State Highway and County Road System in municipalities, of which 
1,964 miles are paved. 

On the basis of available data, there are only five states in the 
Nation with more rural miles of pavement — Texas, California, 
Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York — all of which have far greater 
populations and numbers of motor vehicles. By December 31, 1952, 
the state systems are expected to total about 30,500 miles of paved 
and 37,040 miles of unpaved highways, local roads and system 
streets. 

The entire program, since 1921, has been financed exclusively 
from the gasoline tax, motor vehicle license fees and federal aid, 
without recourse to property taxation or aid from the general 
fund. During the last fiscal year, the state expended from the 
regular highway fund $104,125,560.00 for construction, mainte- 



The State 7 

nance, betterments and improvements, including the operation of 
the Motor Vehicle Bureau, Highway Patrol, the Highway Safety 
Division, several other state agencies, the retirement of road debt 
and material cash aid for city and town streets. 

An additional $49,991,577 was expended from the special $200,- 
000,000.00 secondary road bond issue of 1949, bringing the years 
total to $154,117,137. 

North Carolina from its earliest time has always been an 
agricultural state. In the early period the chief exports were 
beef, pork, tobacco, corn, and of course, naval stores such as tar, 
pitch, and turpentine, which gave an additional income to the 
farmers. Some of the principal agricultural products now are 
corn, cotton, tobacco, wheat, barley, oats, peanuts, soya beans, 
various types of hay, potatoes, garden truck, dairy products, 
beef, pork, poultry, and fruits. The production of flue-cured to- 
bacco in 1951 totaled 977,640,000 pounds; also there was pro- 
duced 21,350,000 pounds of burley tobacco, making a total crop 
of 998,990,000 pounds, valued at $534,554,000. During the same 
year North Carolina produced 315,210,000 pounds of peanuts 
valued at approximately $37,825,000. The cotton crop for 1951 
amounted to 542,000 bales and brought approximately $104,884,000. 
The production of hay, including all types, amounted to 1,225,000 
tons valued at approximately $37,362,000. The corn crop amounted 
to 67,611,000 bushels valued at $111,558,000, produced from 2,181,- 
000 acres. Irish potatoes for 1951 amounted to 6,909,000 bushels 
valued at $8,844,000. These potatoes were produced from a total of 
49,000 acres. Sweet potatoes produced during the year amounted 
to 3,760,000 bushels produced from 40,000 acres and valued at 
$11,280,000. Soya bean production during the year amounted to 
4,950,000 bushels produced from 300,000 acres and valued at 
$13,118,000. North Carolina produces much fruit and nuts. Com- 
mercial apple production during the year amounted to 1,269,000 
bushels valued at $2,221,000; 1,806,000 bushels of peaches valued 
at $3,341,000; 154,000 bushels of pears valued at $277,000; 3,200 
tons of grapes valued at $400,000, and 2,435,000 pounds of pecans 
valued at $614,000 were produced. 

North Carolina, already a leader in various types of industry, 
is gaining recognition as a state of many diversified products. 
Textiles, tobacco, furniture, food and chemicals are highest in sales. 
Since the end of World War II the number of manufacturing 



8 North Carolina Manual 

plants in North Carolina has more than doubled — the last count, 
made in 1951, showed 8,272 plants as compared with 4,029 in 1945. 
In the 8,272 plants, over 425,000 persons are employed, earning 
$2,038,000,000. Sales of these manufactured products amounted 
to $6,181,000,000. 

There are 1,047 textile plants in the state. These plants employ 
around 230,000 persons with gross earnings of $1,096,000,000. 
During 1951 these 1,047 plant sales amounted to $1,167,000,000, 
or 44 per cent of the sales of all manufactured products in the 
state. Some of the products manufactured are cotton, yarn, thread, 
twine, cordage, broad and narrow cotton woven goods, also various 
synthetics, woolens and worsteds, and hosiery — both seamless and 
full-fashioned made of cotton, silk and nylon. 

The 54 tobacco plants in the state employ 28,000 persons, with 
an annual income of $185,000,000. Sales amounted to $1,284,000,- 
000. The tobacco factories manufacture cigarettes, cigars, smoking 
tobacco, chewing tobacco and snuff. North Carolina produces over 
55 per cent of the cigarettes and 35 per cent of the smoking and 
chewing tobacco and snuff used in the United States. 

There are approximately 776 food manufacturing establish- 
ments in North Carolina. These plants employ 22,000 persons 
whose gross earnings are $89,000,000. During 1951 these 776 plants 
produced food products whose sales amounted to $478,000,000. 

The chemical industry showed a tremendous gain of 820 per 
cent over the 1949 production. The chemical plants in the state 
made sales amounting to $343,000,000 in 1951. 

Rubber products showed an increase of 105 per cent over 1949; 
electrical machinery 86 per cent; stone, clay and glass products 
96 per cent and lumber 82 per cent. 

Diversification marked the development of Noith Carolina's 
manufacturing industries more in the past several years than ever 
before. The various synthetic, woolen and finishing plants that 
started production throughout the state gave a marked degree 
of diversification to the textile industry. Other examples of the 
state's industrial diversification are the manufacturing of boilers 
and other metal products, cigarette paper, cellophane, electric 
equipment, automatic typewriters, aluminum windows and jalou- 
sies, electric blankets, fire arms and hypodermic needles. Small 
industries range from fish nets and silverware to plastic novelties 
and cosmetic concentrates. 



The State 9 

Rural areas of North Carolina received little benefits from 
rural electrification prior to 1935, which is often spoken of as 
the starting point. At that time, only 1884 miles of rural lines 
serving 11,558 farms were recorded by the North Carolina Rural 
Electrification Authority, which was created in that year to secure 
electric service for the rural areas. Today the Authority reports 
in operation 72,672 miles of rural lines serving 481,113 consumers 
of which 260,811 are farms. In addition to this, there were 3,704 
miles under construction or authorized for construction to serve 
16,273 consumers. Electrification has contributed largely to the 
great progress in agricultural development over the past few 
years. The electrified farm provides for comfort and health in 
farm living through lighting, refrigeration, ranges, washing ma- 
chines, freezers, plumbing and all the other many useful house- 
hold electric appliances. Electricity is essential to modern farm 
production. Farmers have motors for universal use — yard and 
building lighting, running water, poultry incubators, brooders for 
chickens, pigs and stock, milking, grain and hay driers, irrigation, 
and many other useful pieces of farm producing equipment. Elec- 
tricity affords fire protection and the operation of the many 
labor saving devices for the rural home and farm activities. Elec- 
tric service is absolutely essential, for example, for a farm to 
qualify as a grade A dairy. 

After the gradual decline of telephone service in rural areas 
over the last quarter of a century, the desire and need for such 
service in our day of mechanization became apparent. The latest 
census (1950) shows that only 23,347 or a little more than 8 per 
cent of our farms in North Carolina had telephone service. 
Through the activities of the State Authority, much progress has 
been made since that time; and it is believed that perhaps twice 
as many farms in North Carolina now have telephone service, so 
essential to the well-being of our rural people. 




1^ 



THE STATE CAPITOL 

The original State Capitol of North Carolina was destroyed by 
fire on June 21, 1831. 

At the session of November, 1832, the Assembly resolved to 
rebuild on the old site, and $50,000 was appropriated for the pur- 
pose. Commissioners were appointed to have the work done. The 
rubbish was cleared away, the excavations made and the founda- 
tions were laid. On July 4, 1833, the cornerstone was set in place. 

After the foundations were laid the work progressed more 
slowly, and it was so expensive that the appropriation was ex- 
hausted. The Legislature at its next session appropriated $75,000 
more. To do the stone and finer work many skilled artisans had 
been brought from Scotland and other countries. The Building 
Commissioners contracted with David Paton to come to Raleigh 
and superintend the work. Mr. Paton was an architect who had 
come from Scotland the year before. He was the builder, the archi- 
tect, and designer. 

The Legislature was compelled to make appropriations for the 
work from time to time. The following is a table of the several 
appropriations made: 

Session of 1832-33 $ 50,000.00 

Session of 1833-34 75,000.00 

Session of 1834-35 75,000.00 

Session of 1835 75,000.00 

Session of 1836-37 120,000.00 

Session of 1838-39 105,300.00 

Session of 1840-41 31,374.46 

Total $531,674.46 

The stone with which the building was erected was the property 
of the State. Had the State been compelled to purchase this ma- 
terial the cost of the Capitol would have been considerably in- 
creased. 

In the summer of 1840 the work was finished. At last, after 
more than seven years, the sum of $531,674.46 was expended. As 
lai'ge as that sum was for the time, when the State was so poor 
and when the entire taxes for all State purposes reached less than 

11 



12 North Carolina Manual 

$100,000, yet the people were satisfied. The building had been 
erected with rigorous economy, and it was an object of great pride 
to the people. Indeed, never was money better expended than in 
the erection of this noble Capitol. 



Description of the Capitol, Written by David Paton, 

the Architect 

"The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south 
by 140 feet from east to west. The whole height is 97 V2 feet in the 
center. The apex of pediment is 64 feet in height. The stylobate 
is 18 feet in height. The columns of the east and west porticoes 
are 5 feet 2^2 inches in diameter. At entablature, including block- 
ing course, is continued around the building, 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied 
from the Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, 
which was erected in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An 
octagon tower surrounds the rotunda, which is ornamented with 
Grecian cornices, etc., and its dome is decorated at top with a 
similar ornament to that of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, 
commonly called the Lantorn of Demosthenes. 

"The interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories: First, 
the lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appro- 
priated as offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Comp- 
troller, each having two rooms of the same size — the one contain- 
ing an area of 649 square feet, the other 528 square feet — the two 
committee rooms, each containing 200 square feet and four 
closets; also the rotunda, corridors, vestibules, and piazzas, con- 
tain an area of 4,370 square feet. The vestibules are decorated 
with columns and antae, similar to those of the Ionic Temple on the 
Ilissus, near the Acropolis of Athens. The remainder is groined 
with stone and brick, springing from columns and pilasters of 
the Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' 
chambers, the former containing an area of 2,545 and the latter 
2,849 square feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, 
two of which contain each an area of 169 square feet, and the 
other two contain each an area of 154 square feet; also, two 
rooms enter from Representatives' chamber, each containing an 



The State Capitol 13 

area of 170 squai'e feet; of two committee rooms, each containing 
an area of 231 square feet; of four presses and the passages, 
stairs, lobbies, and colonnades, containing an area of 3,204 square 
feet. 

"The lobbies and Hall of Representatives have their columns 
and anise of the Octagon Tower of Andronicus Cyrrhestes and 
the plan of the hall is of the formation of the Greek theatre and 
the columns and antse in the Senatoi'ial chamber and i-otunda are 
of the Temple of Erectheus, Minerva Polias, and Pandrosus, in 
the Acropolis of Athens, near the above named Parthenon. 

"Thii-d, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the 
Supreme Court and Library, each containing an area of fi93 square 
feet. Galleries of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet; 
also two apartments entering fi'om Senate galleiy, each 169 square 
feet, of four presses and the lobbies' stairs, 988 square feet. These 
lobbies as well as rotunda, are lit with cupolas, and it is proposed 
to finish the court and library in the florid Gothic style." 

CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Governors of "Virginia" 

Ralph Lane, April ...., 1585-June ....,1586. 
John White, April ....,1587-August ....,1587. 

Chief Executives Under the Proprietors 

William Drummond, October ...., 1663-October ...., 1667. 
Samuel Stephens, October ...., 1667-December ...., 1669. 
Peter Carteret, October ...., 1670-May ...., 1673. 
John Jenkins, May ...., 1673-November ...., 1676. 

Thomas Eastchurch, November ...., 1676- , 1678. 

Thomas Miller, , 1677- 

John Culpepper, , 1677- , 1678. 

Seth Sothel, , 1678- 

John Harvey, February ...., 1679-August ...., 1679. 

John Jenkins, November ...., 1679- , 1681. 

Seth Sothel, , 1682- , 1689. 

Philip Ludwell, December ...., 1689- , 1691. 



14 North Carolina Manual 

Philip Ludwell, November 2, 1691- , 1694. 

Thomas Jarvis, , 1691- , 1694. 

John Archdale, August 31, 1694- , 1696. 

John Harvey, , 1694- , 1699. 

Henderson Walker, , 1699-August 14, 1704. 

Robert Daniel, , 1704- , 1705. 

Thomas Gary, , 1705- , 1706. 

William Glover, , 1706- , 1708. 

Thomas Gary, , 1708-January ...., 1711. 

Edward Hyde, , 1710-May 9, 1712. 

Edward Hyde, May 9, 1712-September 8, 1712. 
Thomas Pollock, September 12, 1712-May 28, 1714. 
Charles Eden, May 28, 1714-March 26, 1722. 
Thomas Pollock, March 30, 1722-August 30, 1722. 
William Reed, August 30, 1722-January 15, 1724. 
George Burrington, January 15, 1724-July 17, 1725. 
Richard Everard, July 17, 1725-May ...., 1728. 

Governors Under the Crown 

Richard Everard, May ...., 1728-February 25, 1731. 
George Burrington, February 25, 1731-April 15, 1734. 
Nathaniel Rice, April 15, 1734-October 27, 1734. 
Gabriel Johnston, October 27, 1734-July 17, 1752. 
Matthew Rowan, July 17, 1752-November 2, 1754. 
Arthur Dobbs, November 2, 1754-March 28, 1765. 
William Tryon, March 28, 1765-December 20, 1765. 
William Tryon, December 20, 1765-July 1, 1771. 
James Hasell, July 1, 1771-August 12, 1771. 
Josiah Martin, August 12, 1771-May ...., 1775. 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 

Name, County, Term of Office 

Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 19, 1776-April 18, 1777. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1777-April 18, 1778. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1778-May 4, 1779. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, May 4, 1779-April, 1780. 
Abner Nash, Craven, April, 1780-June 26, 1781. 
Thomas Burke, Orange, June 26, 1781-April 26, 1782. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 26, 1782-April 30, 1783. 



Governors 15 

Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 30, 1783-April 1, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 1, 1785-December 12, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 12, 1785-December 23, 1786. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 23, 1786-December 20, 1787. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, December 20, 1787-November 18, 1788. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 18, 1788-November 16, 1789. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 16, 1789-December 17, 1789. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 17, 1789-December 9, 1790 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 9, 1790-January 2, 1792. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, January 2, 1792-December 14, 1792. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 14, 1792-December 26, 1793. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, Decemb&r 26, 1793-January 6, 1795. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, January 6, 1795-November 19, 1795. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, November 19, 1795-December 19, 1796. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 19, 1796-December 5, 1797. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 5, 1797-December 7, 1798. 
W. R. Davie, Halifax, December 7, 1798-November 23, 1799. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 23, 1799-November 29, 1800. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 29, 1800-November 28, 1801. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 28, 1801-December 6, 1802. 
James Turner, Warren, December 6, 1802-December 1, 1803. 
James Turner, Warren, December 1, 1803-November 29, 1804. 
James Turner, Warren, November 29, 1804-December 10, 1805. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 10, 1805-December 

1, 1806. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 1, 1806-December 1, 

1807. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, December 1, 1807-December 12, 1808. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 12, 1808-December 13, 1809. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 13, 1809-December 5, 1810 
Benjamin Smith, Brunswick, December 5, 1810-December 9, 1811. 
William Hawkins, Warren, December 9, 1811-November 25, 1812. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 25, 1812-November 20, 1813. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 20, 1813-November 29, 1814. 
William Miller, Warren, November 29, 1814-December 7, 1815. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1815-December 7, 1816. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1816-December 3, 1817. 
John Branch, Halifax, December 3, 1817-November 24, 1818. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 24, 1818-November 25, 1819. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 25, 1819-December 7, 1820. 



16 North Carolina Manual 

Jesse Franklin, Surry, December 7, 1820-December 7, 1821. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1821-December 7, 1822. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1822-December 6, 1823. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 6, 1823-December 7, 1824. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 7, 1824-December 6, 1825. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 6, 1825-December 29, 1826. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 29, 1826-December 8, 1827. 
James Iredell, Chowan, December 8, 1827-December 12, 1828. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 12, 1828-December 19, 1829. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 10, 1829-December 18, 1830. 
Montfoi-d Stokes, Wilkes, December 18, 1830-December 13, 1831. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 13, 1831-December 6, 1832. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 6, 1832-December 9, 1833. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 9, 1833-December 10, 1834. 

D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 10, 1834-December 10, 1835. 

R. D. Spaight, Jr., Craven, December 10, 1835-December 31, 1836. 

Governors Elected by the People 

E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 31, 1836-December 29, 1838. 
E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 29, 1838-January 1, 1841. 
J. M. Morehead, Guilford, January 1, 1841-December 31, 1842. 

J. M. Morehead, Guilford, December 31, 1842-January 1, 1845. 
W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1845-January 1, 1847. 
W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1847-January 1, 1849. 
Charles Manly, Wake, January 1, 1849-January 1, 1851. 
D. S. Reid, Rockingham, January 1, 1851-December 22, 1852. 
D. S. Reid, Rockingham, December 22, 1852-December 6, 1854. 
Warren Winslow, Cumberland, December 6, 1854-January 1, 1855. 
Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1855-January 1, 1857. 
Thomas Bragg, Noi'thampton, January 1, 1857-January 1, 1859, 
John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1859-January 1, 1861. 
John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1861-July 7, 1861. 
Henry T. Clark, Edgecombe, July 7, 1861-September 8, 1862. 
Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, September 8, 1862-December 22, 1864. 
Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, December 22, 1864-May 29, 1865. 
W. W. Holden, Wake, May 29, 1865-December 15, 1865. 
Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 15, 1865-December 22, 1866. 
Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 22, 1866-July 1, 1868. 
W. W. Holden, Wake, July 1, 1868-December 15, 1870. 



Governors 17 

T. R. Caldwell, Burke, December 15, 1870-January 1, 1873. 
T. R. Caldwell, Burke, January 1, 1873-July 11, 1874. 

C. H. Brog-den, Wayne, July 11, 1874-January 1, 1877. 

Z. B. Vance, Mecklenburg, January 1, 1877-February 5, 1879. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, February 5, 1879-January 18, 1881. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, January 18, 1881-January 21, 1885 

A. M. Scales, Rockingham, January 21, 1885-January 17, 1889. 

D. G. Fowie, Wake, January 17, 1889-April 8, 1891. 
Thomas M. Holt, Alamance, April 8, 1891-January 18, 1893. 
Elias Carr, Edgecombe, January 18, 1893-January 12, 1897. 
D. L. Russell, Brunswick, January 12, 1897-January 15, 1901. 
C. B. Aycock, Wayne, January 15, 1901-January 11, 1905. 

R. B. Glenn, Forsyth, January 11, 1905-January 12, 1909. 
W. W. Kitchen, Person, January 12, 1909-January 15, 1913. 
Locke Craige, Buncombe, January 15, 1913-January 11, 1917. 
Thomas W. Bickett, Franklin, January 11, 1917-January 12, 1921. 
Cameron Morrison, Mecklenburg, January 12, 1921-January 14, 

1925. 
Angus Wilton McLean, Robeson, January 14, 1925-January 11, 

1929. 
0. Max Gardner, Cleveland, January 11, 1929-January 5, 1933. 
J. C. B. Ehringhaus, Pasquotank, January 5, 1933-January 7, 1937. 
Clyde R. Hoey, Cleveland, January 7, 1937-January 9, 1941. 
J. Melville Broughton, Wake, January 9, 1941-January 4, 1945. 
R. Gregg Cherry, Gaston, January 4, 1945-January 6, 1949. 
W. Kerr Scott, Alamance, January 6, 1949-January 8, 1953. 
William B. Umstead, Dui'ham, January 8, 1953- 



18 



North Carolina Manual 



LIST OF PERSONS WHO HAVE SERVED AS 
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR SINCE JULY 1, 1868 

This List Has Been Compiled From The North Carolina 

Manual, 1913 And The Manuals Published Each 

Two Years Since That Date. 



Name 



Tod R. Caldwell 1 . . . . 
Curtis H. Brogden^... 
Thomas J. Jarvis^ . . . . 
James L. Robinson . . . 
Charles M. Steadman. 
Thomas M. Holt'.... 
Rufus A. Dough ton . . . 
Charles A. Reynolds. . 

W. D.Turner 

Francis D. Winston . . 
William C. Newland. . 
Elijah L. Doughtridge 

0. Max Gardner 

W.B.Cooper 

J. Elmer Long 

Richard T. Fountain. . 

A. H. Graham 

W. P. Horton 

R. L. Harris 

L. Y. Ballentine 

H.P.Taylor 

Luther H. Hodges . . . 



County 

Burke 

Wayne 

Pitt 

Macon 

New Hanover 
Alamance . . . . 
Alleghany ... 

Forsyth 

Iredell 

Bertie 

Caldwell 

Edgecombe . . 
Cleveland . . 
New Hanover 

Durham 

Edgecombe. . 

Orange 

Chatham 

Person 

Wake 

Anson 

Rockingham. 



Term Elected 



1868-1872 
1872-1876 
1876-1880 
1881-1885 
1885-1889 
1889-1893 
1893-1897 
1897-1901 
1901-1905 
1905-1909 
1909-1913 
1913-1917 
1917-1921 
1921-1925 
1925-1929 
1929-1933 
193.3-1937 
1937-1941 
1941-1945 
1945-1949 
1949-1953 
1953-1957 



Term Served 



1868-1870 
1872-1874 
1876-1878 
1881-1885 
1885-1889 
1889-1893 
1893-1897 
1897-1901 
1901-1905 
1905-1909 
1909-1913 
1913-1917 
1917-1921 
1921-1925 
1925-1929 
1929-1933 
1933-1937 
1937-1941 
1941-1945 
1945-1949 
1949-1953 
1953- 



'. Became Governor December 15, 1870 when W. W. Holden was inipreached, tried, and put out of office. 

2. Became Governor July 11, 1874 when Tod R. Caldwell died in office. 

3. Became Governor February 5, 1879 when Governor Vance was elected U. S. Senator. 
■*. Became Governor April 9, 1891 when D. G. Fowle died in office. 



THE STATE FLAG 

An Act to Establish a State Flag 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1, That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a blue 
union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the letter 
N in gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of said 
star, the circle containing the same to be one-third the width of 
the anion. 

Sec. 2. That the fly of the flag shall consist of two equally pro- 
portioned bars; the upper bar to be red, the lower bar to be white; 
that the length of the bars horizontally shall be equal to the per- 
pendicular length of the union, and the total length of the flag 
shall be one-third more than its width. 

Sec. 3. That above the star in the center of the union there 
shall be a gilt scroll in semicircular form, containing in black let- 
ters this inscription: "May 20th, 1775," and that below the star 
there shall be a similar scroll containing in black letters the- in- 
scription: "April 12th, 1776." 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 9th 
day of March, A.D., 1885. 

No change has been made in the flag since the passage of this 
act. By an act of 1907 it is provided: 

"That the board of trustees or managers of the several State in- 
stitutions and public buildings shall provide a North Carolina flag, 
of such dimensions and materials as they may deem best, and the 
same shall be displayed from a staff upon the top of each and 
every such building at all times except during inclement weather, 
and upon the death of any State officer or any prominent citizen 
the Flag shall be put at half-mast until the burial of such person 
shall have taken place. 

"That the Board of County Commissioners of the several coun- 
ties in this State shall likewise authorize the procui-ing of a North 
Carolina flag, to be displayed either on a staff upon the top, or 
draped behind the Judge's stand, in each and every courthouse in 
the State, and that the State flag shall be displayed at each and 
every term of court held, and on such other public occasions as 
the Commissioners may deem proper." (Rev., s. 5321; 1885 c. 291; 
1907, c. 838.) 

21 



THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION OF 
20th May, 1775- 

Declaration 

Names of the Delegates Present 

Col, Thomas Polk John McKnitt Alexander 

Ephraim Brevard Hezekiah Alexander 

Hezekiah J. Balch Adam Alexander 

John Phifer Charles Alexander 

James Harris Zacheus Wilson, Sen. 

William Kennon Waightstill Avery 

John Ford Benjamin Patton 

Richard Barry Mathew McClure 

Henry Downs Neil Morrison 

Ezra Alexander Robert IrM^in 

William Graham John Flenniken 

John Quary David Reese 

Abraham Alexander Richard Harris, Sen. 

Abraham Alexander was appointed Chairman, and John Mc- 
Knitt Alexander, Clerk. The following resolutions were offered, 
viz: 

1. Resolved, That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted or in 
any way form or manner countenanced the unchartered and dan- 
gerous invasion of our rights as claimed by Great Britain is an 
enemy to this countiy, to America, and to the inherent and in- 
alienable rights of man. 

2. Resolved, That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do 
hereby dissolve the political bands which have connected us to the 
mother country and hereby absolve ourselves fi-om all allegiance 
to the British Crown and abjure all political connection contract 
or association with that nation who have wantonly trampled on 
our right and liberties and inhumanly shed the blood of American 
patriots at Lexington. 

3. Resolved, That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and in- 
dependent people, are, and of right ought to be a sovereign and 



• The above is found in Vol. IX, pages 1263-65 of The Colonial Records of 
North Carolina. 

22 



The Mecklenburg Declaration 23 

self-governing association under the control of no power other 
than that of our God and the General Government of the Congress 
to the maintenance of which independence we solemnly pledgee to 
each other our mutual cooperation, our lives, our fortunes, and 
our most sacred honor. 

4. Resolved, That as we now acknowledge the existence and con- 
trol of no law or legal officer, civil or military within this County, 
we do hereby ordain and adopt as a rule of life all each and every 
of our former laws — wherein nevertheless the Crown of Great 
Britain never can be considered as holding rights, privileges, im- 
munities, or authority therein. 

5. Resolved, That it is further decreed that all, each and every 
Military Officer in this Country is hereby reinstated in his former 
command and authority, he acting comformably to these regula- 
tions. And that every member present of this delegation shall 
henceforth be a civil officer, viz., a justice of the peace, in the 
character of a "committee man" to issue process, hear and deter- 
mine all matters of controvei-sy according to said adopted laws 
and to preserve peace, union and harmony in said county, and 
to use every exertion to spread the love of Country and fire of 
freedom throughout America, until a more general and organized 
government be established in this Province. 



THE GREAT SEAL 

The Constitution of North CaroUna, Article III, section 16, re- 
quires that 

"There shall be a seal of the State which shall be kept by the 
Governor, and used by him as occasion may require, and shall be 
called 'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina.' All grants 
and commissions shall be issued in the name and by the authority 
of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 'The Great Seal of the 
State,' signed by the Governor and countersigned by the Secretary 
of State." 

The use of a Great Seal for the attestation of important docu- 
ments began with the institution of government in North Carolina. 
There have been at various times nine different seals in use in 
the colony and State. 

The present Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is de- 
scribed as follows: 

"The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is two and one- 
quarter inches in diameter, and its design is a representation of 
the figures of Liberty and Plenty, looking toward each other, but 
not more than half fronting each other, and otherwise disposed, as 
follows: Liberty, the first figure, standing, her pole with cap on it 
in her left hand and a scroll with the word 'Constitution' inscribed 
thereon in her right hand. Plenty, the second figure, sitting down, 
her right arm half extended toward Liberty, three heads of wheat 
in her right hand, and in her left the small end of her horn, the 
mouth of which is resting at her feet, and the contents of horn 
rolling out. In the exergon is inserted the words May 20, 1775, 
above the coat of arms. Around the circumference is the legend 
'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina' and the motto 
'Esse Quam Videri'." (Rev., s. 5339; Code ss. 3328, 3329; 1868-9, 
c. 270, s. 35; 1883, c. 392; 1893, c. 145.) 



24 



THE STATE BIRD 

By popular choice the Cardinal was selected for adoption as 
our State Bird as of March 4, 1943. (S. L. 1943 c, 595; G. S. 
145-2.) 

This bird is sometimes called the Winter Redbird because it is 
most conspicuous in winter and is the only "redbird" present at 
that season. It is an all year round resident and one of the com- 
monest birds in our gardens and thickets. It is about the size of a 
Catbird with a longer tail, red all over, except that the throat and 
region around the bill is black; the head is conspicuously crested 
and the large stout bill is red; the female is much duller — the 
red being mostly confined to the crest, wings and tail. There are 
no seasonal changes in the plumage. 

The Cardinal is a fine singer, and what is unusual among birds 
the female is said to sing as well as the male, which latter sex 
usually has a monopoly of that art in the feathered throngs. 

The nest is rather an untidy affair built of weed stems, grass 
and similar materials in a low shrub, small tree or bunch of briars, 
usually not over four feet above the ground. The usual number of 
eggs to a set is three in this State, usually four further North. 
Possibly the Cardinal raises an extra brood down here to make 
up the difference, or possibly he can keep up his normal population 
more easily here through not having to face inclement winters 
of the colder North. A conspicuous bird faces more hazards. 

The Cardinal is by nature a seed eater, but he does not dislike 
small fruits and insects. 



27 



THE HALIFAX RESOLUTION 

Adopted by the Provincial Congress of North Carolina in Session 

at Halifax, April 12, 1776. 

It appears to your committee that pursuant to the plan concerted 
by the British Ministry for subjugating America, the King and 
Parliament of Great Britain have usurped a power over the per- 
sons and properties of the people unlimited and uncontrolled; and 
disregarding their humble petitions for peace, liberty and safety, 
have made divers legislative acts, denouncing war, famine, and 
every species of calamity, against the Continent in general. The 
British fleets and armies have been, and still are, daily employed 
in destroying the people, and committing the most horrid devasta- 
tions on the country. The Governors in different Colonies have de- 
clared protection to slaves who should imbrue their hands in the 
blood of their masters. That ships belonging to America are de- 
clared prizes of war and many of them have been violently seized 
and confiscated. In consequence of all of which multitudes of the 
people have been destroyed, or from easy circumstances reduced 
to the most lamentable distress. 

And Whereas, The moderation hitherto manifested by the 
United Colonies and their sincere desire to be reconciled to the 
mother country on constitutional principles, have procured no 
mitigation of the aforesaid wrongs and usurpations, and no hopes 
remain of obtaining redress by those means alone which have been 
hitherto tried, your committee are of opinion that the House should 
enter into the following resolve, to wit: 

Resolved, That the delegates for this Colony in the Continental 
Congress be empowered to concur with the delegates of the other 
Colonies in declaring Independency, and forming foreign alliances, 
reserving to this Colony the sole and exclusive right of forming 
a Constitution and laws for this Colony, and of appointing dele- 
gates from time to time (under the direction of a general repre- 
sentation thereof), to meet the delegates of the other Colonies for 
such purposes as shall be hereafter pointed out. 



28 



NAME OF STATE AND NICKNAMES 

In 1629 King Charles the First of England "erected into a 
province," all the land from Albemarle Sound on the north to the 
St. John's River on the south, which he directed should be called 
Carolina. The word Carolina is from the word Carolus, the Latin 
form of Charles. 

When Carolina was divided in 1710, the southern part was 
called South Carolina and the northern or older settlement was 
called North Carolina, or the "Old North State." Historians had 
recorded the fact that the principal products of this State were 
"tar, pitch and turpentine." It was during one of the fiercest 
battles of the War Between the States, so the story goes, that the 
column supporting the North Carolina troops was driven from the 
field. After the battle the North Carolinians, who had successfully 
fought it out alone, were greeted from the passing derelict regi- 
ment with the question: "Any more tar down in the Old North 
State, boys?" Quick as a flash came the answer: "No; not a bit; 
old Jeff's bought it all up." "Is that so; what is he going to do 
with it?" was asked. "He is going to put it on you'uns heels to 
make you stick better in the next fight." Creecy relates that Gen- 
eral Lee, hearing of the incident, said: "God bless the Tar Heel 
boys," and from that they took the name. — Adapted from Grand- 
father Tales of North Carolina by R. B. Creecy and Histories of 
North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, by Walter Clark. 

The State Motto 

The General Assembly of 1893 (chapter 145) adopted the words 
"Esse Quam Videri" as the State's motto and directed that these 
words with the date "20 May, 1775," should be placed with our 
Coat of Arms upon the Great Seal of the State. 

The words "Esse Quam Videri" mean "to be rather than to 
seem." Nearly every State has adopted a motto, generally in Latin. 
The reason for their mottoes being in Latin is that the Latin 
tongue is far more condensed and terse than the English. The 
three words, "Esse Quam Videri," require at least six English 
words to express the same idea. 

Curiosity has been aroused to learn the origin of our State 
motto. It is found in Cicero in his essay on Friendship (Cicero de 
Amicitia, Chap. 26.) 

29 



30 North Carolina Manual 

It is a little singulai- that until the act of 1893 the sovereign 
State of North Carolina had no motto since its declaration of in- 
dependence. It was one of the very few States which did not have 
a motto and the only one of the original thirteen without one. 
(Rev., s. 5320; 1893, c. 145; G. S. 144-2.) 

The State Colors 

The General Assembly of 1945 declared Red and Blue of shades 
appearing in the North Carolina State Flag and the American 
Flag as the official State Colors. (Session Laws, 1945, c. 878; G. S. 
144-6.) 

The State Flower 

The General Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the 
State flower. (Public Laws, 1941, c. 289; G. S. 145-1.) 

The State's Most Famous Toast 

(Not Officially Designated) 

"Here's to the land of the long leaf pine 
The summer land where the sun doth shine; 
Where the weak grow strong 
And the strong grow great, 
Here's to 'down home' 
The Old North State." 
(Composed in 1904- by Mrs. Harry C. Martin, former resident of 
Raleigh, N. C, but now living in Tennessee.) 

Legal Holidays 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

January 19 — Birthday of General Robert E. Lee. 

February 22 — Birthday of George Washington, 

Easter Monday. 

April 12 — Anniversary of the Resolutions adopted by the Pro- 
vincial Congress of North Carolina at Halifax, April 12, 1776, 
instructing the delegates from North Carolina to the Continental 
Congress to vote for a Declaration of Independence. 

May 10 — Confederate Memorial Day. 

May 20- — Anniversary of the "Mecklenburg Declaration of Inde- 
pendence." 



Population 31 

May 30 — Memorial Day (Applies to State and National Banks 
only). 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

September, first Monday — Labor Day. 

November, Tuesday after first Monday — General Election Day. 

November 11 — Armistice Day. 

November, Fourth Thursday — Thanksgiving Day. 

By joint Resolution No. 41 of Congress, approved by the Presi- 
dent December 26, 1941, the fourth Thursday in November in each 
and every year after 1941, was designated as Thanksgiving Day 
and made a legal public holiday to all intents and purposes. 

December 25 — Christmas Day. 

Population 

1675 (Estimated) 4,000 

1701 (Estimated) 5,000 

1707 (Estimated) 7,000 

1715 (Estimated) 11,000 

1729 (Estimated) 35,000 

1752 (Estimated) 100,000 

1765 (Estimated) 200,000 

1771 (Estimated) 250,000 

1786 (Estimated) 350,000 

1790 (Census) 393,751 

1800 (Census) 478,103 

1810 (Census) 555,500 

1820 (Census) 638,829 

1830 (Census) 737,987 

1840 (Census) 753,409 

1850 (Census) 869,039 

1860 (Census) 992,622 

1870 (Census) 1,071,361 

1880 (Census) 1,399,750 

1890 (Census) 1,617,947 

1900 (Census) 1,893,810 

1910 (Census) 2,206,287 

1920 (Census) 2,559,123 

1930 (Census) 3,170,276 

1940 (Census) 3,571,623 

1950 (Census) 4,061,929 



THE OLD NORTH STATE 



(Traditional air as sung in 1928) 



WnjJAM Gastoh 

With spirit 



Collected and abbimoio 
BT Mbs. E. E. Randolpe 



1. Car- o - 

2. Tho' she 

3. Then let all those who 




g 



• — • — g^ 



4^;==t 



:S=S= 



:J=^S- 



i 



li - nal Car - o - li - nal heav-en's bless-ings at - tend her, 
en - vies not oth - ers, their mer - it - ed glo - ry, 

love us, love the land that we live m, 



m 



-»< — ^. 



3E 



-^ L^'wi. ip 






iCi:=^:t: 



:S=S: 



ut 



R^t* 



^- 



While we live we will cher - ish, pro - tect and de- fend her, Tho' the 
Say whose name stands the fore - most, in lib - er - ty'ssto • ry, Tho' too 

As hap • py a re - gion as on this side of heav-en, Where 



scorn - er may sneer at and wit - lings de - fame her. Still our hearts swell with 
true to her - self e'er to crouch to op -pres-sion. Who can yield to just 
plen - ty and peace, love and joy smile be - fore us, Raise a.loud, raisi to- 



g 



3= 



ji — g — »3r — " I ~Ig ^ 

L * . I I fr — r — rH fc: 



'■^^ 



:5: 



:^ 



3tri»rie 






^^it; 



fe 



^=^ 



z^=tg 



CH0RU8 

^^ 4-——-K. 



m^ 



I 

glad - ness when ev • er we name her. 

rule • more loy - al sub - mis - sion. Hur • rahl 

geth - er the heart thrill - ing chorus. 

* « ■ » m r^ r->5> — 



Hur - rahl 



the 



m 



t:- 



x 



r 



^ 



-t^ 







Old North State for -ev 



li 



^^ 



^ ^ ^ '^ 



er, Hur 
— « «. 



Hur -rah! the good Old North State 



fe 



=5^ 



1 — r 



CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NORTH 

CAROLINA 



PREAMBLE 



We, the people of the state of North Carolina, grateful to Al- 
mighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preservation 
of the American Union and the existence of our civil, political, 
and religious liberties, and acknowledging ^,ur dependence upon 
Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, 
do, for the more certain security thereof and for the better gov- 
ernment of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I 

DECLARATION OF RIGHTS 

That the great, general, and essential principles of liberty and 
free government may be recognized and established, and that the 
relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United 
States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the 
American people, may be defined and affirmed, we do declare: 

Section 1. TJie equality and rights of persons. That we hold it 
to be self-evident that all persons are created equal; that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable i-ights; that 
among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of their 
own labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. Political poiver and government. That all political power 
is vested in, and derived from, the people; all govei'nment of right 
originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and 
is instituted solely for the good of the whole. 

Sec. 3. Internal government of the State. That the people of 
this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulat- 
ing the internal government and policies thereof, and of altering 
and abolishing their Constitution and form of government when- 
ever it may be necessary for their safety and happiness; but 
every such right should be exercised in pursuance of the law, and 
consistently with the Constitution of the United States. 

88 



34 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 4. That there is no right to secede. That this State shall 
ever remain a member of the American Union; that the people 
thereof are a part of the American Nation; that there is no right 
on the part of the State to secede, and that all attempts, from 
whatever source or upon whatever pretext, to dissolve said Union 
or to sever said Nation, ought to be resisted with the whole power 
of the State. 

Sec. 5. Of Allegiance to the United States Government. That 
every citizen of this State owes paramount allegiance to the Con- 
stitution and Goveii«ment of the United States, and that no law 
or ordinance of the State in contravention or subversion thereof 
can have any binding force. 

Sec. 6. Public debt; bonds issued under ordinance of Con- 
vention of 1868, '68-'69, '69-'70, declared invalid; exception. The 
State shall never assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any 
debt or obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid of insur- 
rection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for 
the loss or emancipation of any slave; nor shall the General 
Assembly assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any tax 
to pay, either directly or indirectly, expressed or implied, any 
debt or bond incurred, or issued, by authority of the Convention 
of the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, nor any 
debt or bond incurred or issued by the Legislature of the year one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, either at its special ses- 
sion of the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, or at 
its regular sessions of the years one thousand eight hundred and 
sixty-eight and one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, and 
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine and one thousand eight 
hundred and seventy, except the bonds issued to fund the interest 
on the old debt of the State, unless the proposing to pay the same 
shall have first been submitted to the people, and by them ratified 
by the vote of a majority of all the qualified voters of the State 
at a regular election held for that purpose. 

Sec. 7. Exclusive emoluments, etc. No person or set of persons 
are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from 
the community but in consideration of public services. 

Sec. 8 The legislative, executive, and judicial powers distinct. 
The legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of the 
government ought to be forever separate and distinct from each 
other. 



Constitution 35 

Sec. 9. Of the 'power of suspending laws. All power of suspend- 
ing laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without the 
consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to their 
rights, and ought not to be exercised. 

Sec. 10. Elections free. All elections ought to be free. 

Sec. 11. In criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions, 
every person charged with crime has the right to be inforined 
of the accusation and to confi-ont the accusers and witnesses with 
other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and not be com- 
pelled to give self-incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail 
fees, or necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found guilty. 

Sec. 12. Answers to criminal charges. No person shall be put 
to answer any criminal charge except as hereinafter allowed, but 
by indictment, presentment or impeachment, but any person, when 
represented by counsel, may, under such regulations as the Leg- 
islature shall prescribe, waive indictment in all except capital 
cases. 

Sec. 13. Right of jury. No person shall be convicted of any 
crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful 
persons in open court. The Legislature, may, however, provide 
other means of trial for petty misdemeanors, with the right of 
appeal. 

Sec. 14. Excessive bail. Excessive bail should not be requii'ed, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishment in- 
flicted. 

Sec. 15. General tvarrants. General warrants, whereby any 
officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places, 
without evidence of the act committed, or to seize any person or 
persons not named, whose off'ense is not particularly described 
and supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty, and ought not 
to be granted. 

Sec. 16. Imprisonment for debt. There shall be no imprison- 
ment for debt in this State, except in cases of fraud. 

Sec. 17. No person taken, etc., but by law of the land. No per- 
son ought to be taken, imprisoned, or disseized of his freehold, 
liberties or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner 
deprived of his life, liberty or property but by the law of the land. 

Sec. 18. Persons restrained of liberty. Every person restrained 
of his liberty is entitled to a remedy to inquire into the lawful- 



36 North Carolina Manual 

ness thereof, and to remove the same, if unlawful; and such 
remedy ought not to be denied or delayed. 

Sec. 19. Controversies at law respecting property. In all con- 
troversies at law respecting property, the ancient mode of trial by 
jury is one of the best securities of the rights of the people, and 
ought to remain sacred and inviolable. No person shall be excluded 
from jury seivice on account of sex. 

Sec. 20. Freedom of the press. The freedom of the press is one 
of the great bulwarks of liberty, and therefore ought never to be 
restrained, but every individual shall be held responsible for the 
abuse of the same. 

Sec. 21. Habeas corpus. The privileges of the writ of habeas 
corpus shall not be suspended. 

Sec. 22. Property qualification. As political rights and privi- 
leges are not dependent upon, or modified by, property, therefore 
no property qualification ought to affect the right to vote or hold 
office. 

Sec. 23. Representation and taxation. The people of the State 
ought not to be taxed, or made subject to the payment of any im- 
post or duty without the consent of themselves, or their repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 24. Militia and the right to bear arms. A well regulated 
militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of 
the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; and, as 
standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they 
ought not to be kept up, and the military should be kept under 
strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. Nothing 
herein contained shall justify the practice of carrying concealed 
weapons, or prevent the Legislature from enacting penal statutes 
against said practice. 

Sec. 25. Right of the people to assemble together. The people 
have a right to assemble together to consult for their common good, 
to instruct their representatives, and to apply to the Legislature 
for redress of grievances. But secret political societies are dan- 
gerous to the liberties of a free people, and should not be tolerated. 

Sec. 26. Religious liberty. All persons have a natural and in- 
alienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates 
of their own consciences, and no human authority should, in any 
case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience. 



Constitution 37 

Sec. 27. Education. The people have a right to the privilege 
of education, and it is the duty of the State to guard and main- 
tain that right. ' 

Sec. 28. Elections sho7dd be frequent. For redress of grievances, 
and for amending and strengthening the laws, elections should 
be often held. 

Sec. 29. Recurrence to fundamental principles. A frequent re- 
currence to fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 30. Hereditary emoluments, etc. No hereditary emoluments, 
privileges, or honors ought to be granted or conferred in this State. 

Sec. 31. Perpetuities, etc. Perpetuities and monopolies are con- 
trary to the genius of a free State, and ought not to be allowed. 

Sec. 32. Ex post facto laws. Retrospective laws, punishing acts 
committed before the existence of such laws, and by them only 
declared criminal, are oppressive, unjust, and incompatible with 
liberty; wherefore no ex post facto law ought to be made. No law 
taxing retrospectively sales, purchases, or other acts previously 
done, ought to be passed. 

Sec. 33. Slavery prohibited. Slavery and involuntary servitude, 
otherwise than for crime, whereof the parties shall have been duly 
convicted, shall be, and are hereby, forever piohibited within the 
State. 

Sec. 34. State bouyidaries. The limits and boundaries of the 
State shall be and remain as they now are. 

Sec. 35. Courts shall be open. All courts shall be open; and 
every person for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person^ 
or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law, and right 
and justice administered without sale, denial, or delay. 

Sec. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. No soldier shall, in time of 
peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; 
nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 37. Other rights of the people. This enumeration of rights 
shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the 
people; and all powers not herein delegated remain with the 
people. 



38 North Carolina Manual 

ARTICLE II 

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Two hi-anches. The legislative authority shall be 
vested in two distinct branches, both dependent on the people, to- 
wit: a Senate and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2. Time of assembling. The Senate and House of Represent- 
atives shall meet biennially on the first Wednesday after the first 
Monday in January next after their election; and, when assembled, 
shall be denominated the General Assembly. Neither house shall 
proceed upon public business unless a majority of all the members 
are actually present. 

Sec. 3. Number of senators. The Senate shall be composed of 
fifty Senators, biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 4. Regulations in relation to districting the State for Sen- 
ators. The Senate Districts shall be so altered by the General 
Assembly, at the first session after the return of every enumera- 
tion by order of Congress, that each Senate District shall contain, 
as near as may be, an equal number of inhabitants, excluding 
aliens and Indians not taxed, and shall remain unaltered until the 
return of another enumeration, and shall at all times consist of 
contiguous territory; and no county shall be divided in the for- 
mation of a Senate District, unless such county shall be equitably 
entitled to two or more Senators. 

Sec. 5. Regulations in relation to apportionment of representa- 
tives. The House of Representatives shall be composed of one hun- 
dred and twenty Representatives, biennially chosen by ballot, to 
be elected by the counties respectively, according to their popula- 
tion, and each county shall have at least one Representative in the 
House of Representatives, although it may not contain the requi- 
site ratio of representation; this apportionment shall be made by 
the General Assembly at the respective times and periods when 
the districts of the Senate are hereinbefore directed to be laid off. 
Sec. 6. Ratio of representation. In making the apportionment 
in the House of Representatives, the ratio of representation shall 
be ascertained by dividing the amount of the population of the 
State, exclusive of that comprehended within those counties which 
do not severally contain the one hundred and twentieth part of the 

'lulation of the State, by the number of Representatives, less 



Constitution 39 

the number assigned to such counties; and in ascertaining the 
number of the population of the State, aliens and Indians not 
taxed shall not be included. To each county containing the said 
ratio and not twice the said ratio there shall be assigned one 
Representative; to each county containing twice but not three 
times the said ratio there shall be assigned two Representatives, 
and so on progressively, and then the remaining Representatives 
shall be assigned severally to the counties having the largest 
fi'actions. 

Sec. 7. Qualifications for senators. Each member of the Senate 
shall not be less than twenty-five years of age, shall have resided 
in the State as a citizen two years, and shall have usually resided 
in the district for which he was chosen one year immediately 
preceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Qualifications for representatives. Each member of the 
House of Representatives shall be a qualified elector of the State, 
and shall have resided in the county for which he is chosen for 
one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 9. Election of officers. In the election of all officers whose 
appointment shall be conferred upon the General Assembly by the 
Constitution, the vote shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 10. Powers in relation to divorce and alimony. The Gen- 
eral Assembly shall have power to pass general laws regulating 
divorce and alimony, but shall not have power to grant a divorce 
or secure alimony in any individual case. 

Sec. 11. Private laivs in relation to names of persons, etc. The 
General Assembly shall not have power to pass any private law 
to alter the name of any person, or to legitimate any person not 
born in lawful wedlock, or to restore to the rights of citizenship 
any person convicted of an infamous crime, but shall have power 
to pass general laws regulating the same. 

Sec. 12. Thirty days notice shall he given anterior to passage 
of private laws. The General Assembly shall not pass any private 
law, unless it shall be made to appear that thirty days notice of 
application to pass such a law shall have been given, under such 
direction and in such manner as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 13. Vacancies. If a vacancy shall occur in the General 
Assembly by death, resignation or otherwise, the said vacancy 
shall be filled immediately by the Governor appointing the person 
recommended by the Executive Committee of the county in which 



40 North Carolina Manual 

the deceased or resigned member was resident, being the Execu- 
tive Committee of the political party with which the deceased or 
resigned member was affiliated at the time of his election. 

Sec. 14. Revenue. No law shall be passed to raise money on the 
credit of the State, or to pledge the faith of the State, directly or 
indirectly, for the payment of any debt, or to impose any tax 
upon the people of the state, or allow the counties, cities, or towns 
to do so, unless the bill for the purpose shall have been read three 
several times in each House of the General Assembly and passed 
three several readings, which readings shall have been on three 
different days, and agreed to by each House respectively, and 
unless the yeas and nays on the second and third readings of the 
bill shall have been entered on the journal. 

Sec. 15. Entails. The General Assembly shall regulate entails 
in such a manner as to prevent perpetuities. 

Sec. 16. Journals. Each House shall keep a journal of its pro- 
ceedings, which shall be printed and made public immediately 
after the adjournment of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Protest. Any member of either House may dissent 
from, and protest against, any act or resolve which he may think 
injurious to the public, or any individual, and have the reasons 
of his dissent entered on the journal. 

Sec. 18. Officers of the House. The House of Representatives 
shall choose their own Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 19. President of the Senate. The Lieutenant-Governor shall 
preside in the Senate, but shall have no vote unless it may be 
equally divided. 

Sec. 20. Other senatorial officers. The Senate shall choose its 
other officers and also a Speaker (pro tempore) in the absence of 
the Lieutenant-Governor, or when he shall exercise the office of 
governoi'. 

Sec. 21. Style of the acts. The style of the acts shall be: "The 
General Assembly of North Carolina do enact." 

Sec. 22. Powers of the General Assembly. Each House shall be 
judge of the qualifications and election of its own members, shall 
sit upon its own adjournment from day to day, prepare bills to 
be passed into laws; and the two Houses may also jointly adjoui'n 
to any future day, or other place. 

Sec. 23. Bills and resolutions to he read three times, etc. All 
bills and resolutions of a legislative nature shall be re9,d thre§ 



Constitution 41 

times in each House before they pass into laws, and shall be 
signed by the presiding officers of both Houses. 

Sec. 24. Oath of members. Each member of the General Assem- 
bly, before taking his seat, shall take an oath or affirmation that 
he will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, 
and the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, and will 
faithfully discharge his duty as a member of the Senate or House 
of Representatives. 

Sec. 25. Terms of office. The terms of office for Senators and 
members of the House of Representatives shall commence at the 
time of their election. 

Sec. 26. Yeas and nays. Upon motion made and seconded in 
eithej; House by one-fifth of the members present, the yeas and 
nays upon any question shall be taken and entered upon the 
journals. 

Sec. 27. Election for members of tJie General Assembly. The 
election for members of the General Assembly shall be held for the 
respective districts and counties, at the places where they are now 
held, or may be directed hereafter to be held, in such manner as 
may be prescribed by law, on the first Thursday in August, in the 
year one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and every two years 
thereafter. But the General Assembly may change the time of 
holding the elections. (Changed to Tuesday after first Monday in 
November, c. 275—1876.) 

Sec. 28. Pay of Members and Presiding Officers of the General 
Assembly. The members of the General Assembly for the term 
for which they have been elected shall receive as a compensation 
for their services the sum of fifteen dollars ($15.00) per day for 
each day of their session, for a period not exceeding ninety days; 
and should they remain longer in session they shall serve with- 
out compensation. The compensation of the presiding officers of 
the two houses shall be twenty dollars ($20.00) per day for a 
period not exceeding ninety days. Should an extra session of the 
General Assembly be called, the members and presiding officers 
shall receive a like rate of compensation for a period not exceed- 
ing twenty-five days. 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon power of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. The General Assembly shall not 
pass any local, private, or special act or resolution relating to the 
establishment of courts inferior to the Superior Court; relating 



42 North Carolina Manual, 

to the appointment of justices of the peace; relating to health, 
sanitation, and the abatement of nuisances; changing the names 
of cities, towns, and townships; authorizing the laying out, open- 
ing, altering, maintaining, or discontinuing of highways, streets, 
or alleys; relating to ferries or bridges; relating to non-navigable 
streams; relating to cemeteries; relating to the pay of jurors; 
erecting new townships, or changing township lines, or establish- 
ing or changing the lines of school districts; remitting fines, 
penalties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into 
the public treasury; regulating labor, trade, mining, or manufac- 
turing; extending the time for the assessment or collection of 
taxes or otherwise relieving any collector of taxes from the due 
performance of his official duties or his sureties from liability; 
giving effect to informal wills and deeds; nor shall the General 
Assembly enact any such local, private, or special act by the 
partial repeal of a general law, but the General Assembly may at 
any time repeal local, private, or special laws enacted by it. Any 
local, private or special act or resolution passed in violation of 
the provisions of this section shall be void. The General Assembly 
shall have power to pass general laws regulating matters set out 
in this section. 

Sec. 30. The General Assembly shall not use nor authorize to 
be used any part of the amount of any sinking fund for any 
purpose other than the retirement of the bonds for which said 
sinking fund has been created. 

Sec. 31. The General Assembly shall not use, or authorize to 
be used, nor shall any agency of the State, public oflicer or public 
employee use or authorize to be used the funds, or any part of the 
funds, of the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System 
except for retirement system purposes. The funds of the Teachers' 
and State Employees' Retirement System shall not be applied, 
diverted, loaned to or used by the State, any State agency State 
officer, public officer or employee except for purposes of the Re- 
tirement System: Provided, that nothing in this Section shall pro- 
hibit the use of said funds for the payment of benefits, administra- 
tive expenses and refunds as authorized by the Teachers' and 
State Employees' Retirement Law, nor shall anything in this pro- 
vision prohibit the proper investment of said funds as may be 
authorized by law. 



Constitution 43 

ARTICLE III 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Officers of the Executive Department; Terms of Of- 
fice. The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, in 
whom shall be vested the supreme executive power of the State; a 
Lieutenant Governor, a Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Treas- 
urer, a Superintendent of Public Instruction, an Attorney Gen- 
eral, a Commissioner of Agriculture, a Commissioner of Labor 
and a Commissioner of Insurance, who shall be elected for a term 
of four years by the qualified electors of the State, at the same 
time and places and in the same manner as members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly are elected. Their term of office shall commence 
on the first day of January next after their election, and continue 
until their successors are elected and qualified: Provided, that 
the officers first elected shall assume the duties of their office ten 
days after the approval of this Constitution by the Congress of 
the United States, and shall hold their offices four years from 
and after the first day of January. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor. No 
person shall be eligible as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor unless 
he shall have attained the age of thirty years, shall have been a 
citizen of the United States five years, and shall have been a resi- 
dent of this State for two years next before the election; nor shall 
the person elected to either of these two offices be eligible to the 
same office more than four years in any term of eight years, unless 
the office shall have been cast ujion him as Lieutenant-Governor 
or President of the Senate. 

Sec. 3. Returns of elections. The return of every election for of- 
ficers of the Executive Department shall be sealed up and trans- 
mitted to the seat of government by the returning officer, directed 
to the Secretary of State. The return shall be canvassed and the 
result declared in such manner as may be prescribed by law. Con- 
tested elections shall be determined by a joint ballot of both 
Houses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be pre- 
scribed by law. 

Sec. 4. Oath of office for Governor. The Governor, before enter- 
ing upon the duties of his office, shall, in the presence of the mem- 
bers of both branches of the General Assembly, or before any Jus- 



44 North Carolina Manual 

tice of the Supreme Court, take an oath or affii-mation that he will 
support the Constitution and laws of the United States, and of the 
State of Norh Carolina, and that he will faithfully perform the 
duties appertaining to the office of Governor, to which he has 
been elected. 

Sec. 5. Duties of Governor. The Governor shall reside at the 
seat of government of this State, and he shall, from time to time, 
give the General Assembly information of the affairs of the State, 
and I'ecommend to their consideration such measures as he shall 
deem expedient. 

Sec. 6. Reprieves, commutatio7is, and pardons. The Governor 
shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons, 
after conviction, for all offenses (except in cases of impeachment), 
upon such conditions as he may think proper, subject to such 
regulations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of 
applying for pardons. He shall biennally communicate to the Gen- 
eral Assembly each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon 
gi'anted, stating the name of each convict, the crime for which 
he was convicted, the sentence and its date, the date of commuta- 
tion, pardon, or reprieve, and the reasons therefor. 

Sec. 7. Annual reports from officers of Executive Department 
and of public institutions. The officers of the Executive Depart- 
ment and of the public institutions of the State shall, as least five 
days previous to each regular session of the General Assembly, 
severally report to the Governor, who shall transmit such reports, 
with his message, to the General Assembly; and the Governor 
may, at any time, require information in wiiting from the ofiicers 
in the Executive Department upon any subject relating to the 
duties of their respective offices, and shall take care that the 
laws be faithfully executed. 

Sec. 8. Comniander-iyi-Chief . The Governor shall be Commander- 
in-Chief of the militia of the State, except when they shall be 
called into the service of the United Staes. 

Sec. 9. Extra sessions of General Assembly. The Governor shall 
have power, on extraordinary occasions, by and with the advice of 
the Council of State, to convene the General Assembly in extra 
session by his proclamation, stating therein the purpose or pur- 
poses for which they are thus convened. 

Sec. 10. Officers whose appointments are not otherwise provided 
for. The Governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice and 



Constitution 45 

consent of a majority of the Senators-elect, appoint all officers 
whose offices are establisiied by this Constitution and whose ap- 
pointments are not otherwise provided for. 

Sec. 11. Duties of the Lieutenant Governor. The Lieutenant 
Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote 
unless the Senate be equally divided. He shall receive such com- 
pensation as shall be fixed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 12. In case of impeachment of Governor, or vacancy caused 
by death or resignation. In case of the impeachment of the Gov- 
ernor, his failure to qualify, his absence from the State, his in- 
ability to discharge the duties of his office, or, in case the office of 
Governor shall in any wise become vacant, the powers, duties and 
emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor until the disability shall cease or a new Governor shall be 
elected and qualified. In every case in which the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor shall be unable to preside over the Senate, the Senators 
shall elect one of their own number President of their body; and 
the powers, duties, and emoluments of the office of Governor shall 
devolve upon him whenever the Lieutenant-Governor shall, for 
any reason, be prevented from discharging the duties of such 
office as above provided, and he shall continue as acting Governor 
until the disabilities are removed, or a new Governor or Lieuten- 
ant-Governor shall be elected and qualified. Whenever, during the 
recess of the General Assembly, it shall become necessary for the 
President of the Senate to administer the government, the Secre- 
tary of State shall convene the Senate, that they may elect such 
President 

Sec. 13. Duties of other executive officers. The respective duties 
of the Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, Attorney General, Commissioner of Agricul- 
ture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insurance shall 
be prescribed by law. If the office of any of said officer shall be 
vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty 
of the Governor to appoint another until the disability be removed 
or his successor be elected and qualified. Every such vacancy 
shall be filled by election at the first general election that occurs 
more than thirty days after the vacancy has taken place, and the 
person chosen shall hold the office for the remainder of the unex- 
pired tenii fixed in the first section of this article. 



46 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 14. Council of State. The Secretary of State, Auditor, 
Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner of 
Agriculture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insur- 
ance shall constitute, ex-officio, the Council of State, who shall ad- 
vise the Governor in the execution of his office, and three of whom 
shall constitute a quorum; their advice and proceedings in this 
capacity shall be entered in a journal, to be kept for this purpose, 
exclusively, and signed by the members present, from any part of 
which any member may enter his dissent; and such journal shall 
be placed before the General Assembly when called for by either 
house. The Attorney General shall be, ex-officio, the legal adviser 
of the executive department. 

Sec. 15. Coinpensation of executive officers. The officers men- 
tioned in this article shall, at stated periods, receive for their 
services a compensation to be established by law, which shall 
neither be increased nor diminished during the time for which 
they shall have been elected, and the said officers shall receive no 
other emolument or allowance whatever. 

Sec. 16. Seal of State. There shall be a seal of the State, which 
shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him, as occasion may 
require, and shall be called "The Great Seal of the State of North 
Carolina." All grants and commissions shall be issued in the name 
and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 
"The Great Seal of the State," signed by the Governor, and coun- 
tersigned by the Secretary of State. 

Sec. 17. Department of Agriculture, Immigration, and Statis- 
tics. The General Assembly shall establish a Department of Agri- 
culture, Immigration, and Statistics, under such regulations as 
may best promote the agricultural interest of the State, and shall 
enact laws for the adequate protection and encouragement of 
sheep husbandry. 

Sec. 18. Department of Justice. The General Assembly is au- 
thorized and empowered to create a Department of Justice under 
the supervision and direction of the Attorney-General, and to 
enact suitable laws defining the authority of the Attorney-General 
and other officers and agencies concerning the prosecution of 
crime and the administration of the criminal laws of the State. 



Constitution 47 



ARTICLE IV 



JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 



Section 1. Abolishes the distinctions between actions at law and 
suits in equity, and feigned issues. The distinctions between ac- 
tions at law and suits in equity, and the forms of all such actions 
and suits, shall be abolished; and there shall be in this State but 
one form of action for the enforcement or protection of private 
rights or the redress of private wrongs, which shall be denomi- 
nated a civil action; and every action prosecuted by the people 
of the State as a party, against a person charged with a public 
offense, for the punishment of the same, shall be termed a crim- 
inal action. Feigned issues shall also be abolished, and the facts 
at issue tried by order of coui-t before a jury. 

Sec. 2. Division of judicial powers. The judicial power of the 
State shall be vested in a Court for the Trial of Impeachments, 
a Supreme Court, Superior Courts, Courts of Justices of the Peace, 
and such other courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be 
established by law. 

Sec. 3. Trial court of impeachment. The Court for the Trial of 
Impeachments shall be the Senate. A majority of the members 
shall be necessary to a quorum, and the judgment shall not ex- 
tend beyond removal from and disqualification to hold office in this 
State; but the party shall be liable to indictment and punish- 
ment according to law. 

Sec. 4. Impeachment. The House of Representatives solely shall 
have the power of impeaching. No person shall be convicted with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators present. When 
the Governor is impeached, the Chief Justice shall preside. 

Sec. 5. Treason against the State. Treason against the State 
shall consist only in levying war against it, or adhering to its 
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the 
same overt act, or on confession in open court. No conviction of 
treason or attainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture. 
Sec. 6. Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall consist of a 
Chief Justice and four Associate Justices. The General Assembly 
may increase the number of Associate Justices to not more than 
six, when the work of the Court so requires. The Court shall have 
power to sit in divisions, when in its judgment this is necessary 



48 North Carolina Manual 

for the proper dispatch of business, and to make rules for the dis- 
tribution of business between the divisions and for the hearing 
of cases by the full Court. No decision of any division shall be- 
come the judgment of the Court unless concui-red in by a majority 
of all the justices; and no case involving a construction of the 
Constitution of the State or of the United States shall be decided 
except by the Court in banc. All sessions of the Court shall be 
held in the city of Raleigh. This amendment made to the Consti- 
tution of North Carolina shall not have the effect to vacate any 
office or term of office now existing under the Constitution of the 
State, and filled or held by virtue of any election or appointment 
under the said Constitution, and the laws of the State made in 
pursuance thereof. (By c. 16, 1937, amending s. 1403 of the Con- 
solidated Statutes, the number of Associate Justices was increased 
to six.) 

Sec. 7. Terms of the Supreme Court. The terms of the Supi'eme 
Court shall be held in the city of Raleigh, as now, until otherwise 
provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 8. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall 
have jurisdiction to review, upon appeal, any decision of the 
courts below, upon any matter of law or legal inference. And the 
jurisdiction of said court over "issues of fact" and "questions of 
fact" shall be the same exercised by it before the adoption of the 
Constitution of one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, and 
the court shall have the power to issue any remedial writs neces- 
sary to give it a general supervision and control over the proceed- 
ings of the inferior courts. 

Sec. 9. Claims against the State. The Supreme Court shall have 
original jurisdiction to hear claims against the State, but its de- 
cisions shall be merely recommendatory; no process in the nature 
of execution shall issue thereon; they shall be reported to the 
next session of the General Assembly for its action. 

Sec. 10. Judicial Districts for Superior Courts. The General 
Assembly shall divide the State into a number of judicial districts 
which number may be increased or reduced and shall provide for 
the election of one or more Superior Court judges for each dis- 
trict. There shall be a Superior Court in each county at least 
twice in each year to continue for such time in each county as 
may be prescribed by law. 



Constitution 49 

Sec. 11. Judicial Districts; Rotation; Special Superior Court 
Judges; Assignment of Superior Court Judges by Chief Justice. 
Each Judge of the Superior Court shall reside in the district for 
which he is elected. The General Assembly may divide the State 
into a number of judicial divisions. The judges shall preside in 
the courts of the different districts within a division successively; 
but no judge shall hold all the courts in the same district oftener 
than once in four years. The General Assembly may provide by 
general laws for the selection or appointment of Special or Emer- 
gency Superior Coui't Judges not assigned to any judicial dis- 
trict, who may be designated from time to time by the Chief Jus- 
tice to hold court in any district or districts within the State; 
and the General Assembly shall define their jurisdiction and shall 
provide for their reasonable compensation. The Chief Justice, 
when in his opinion the public interest so requires, may assign any 
Superior Court Judge to hold one or more terms of Supei'ior Court 
in any district. 

Sec. 12. Jurisdiction of courts inferior to Supreme Court. The 
General Assembly shall have no power to deprive the Judicial De- 
partment of any power or jurisdiction which rightfully pertains 
to it as a coordinate department of the government; but the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall allot and distribute that portion of this power 
and jurisdiction which does not pertain to the Supreme Court 
among the other courts prescribed in this Constitution or which 
may be established by law, in such manner as it may deem best; 
provide also a proper system of appeals; and regulate by law, 
when necessary, the methods of proceeding in the exercise of their 
powers of all the courts below the Supreme Court, so far as the 
same may be done without conflict with other provisions of this 
Constitution. 

Sec. 13. In case of waiver of trial by jury. In all issues of fact, 
joined in any court, the parties may waive the right to have the 
same determined by a jury; in which case the finding of the judge 
upon the facts shall have the force and effect of a verdict by a 
jury. 

Sec. 14. Special courts in cities. The General Assembly shall 
provide for the establishment of special courts, for the trial of mis- 
demeanors, in cities and towns, where the same may be necessary. 



50 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 15. Clerk of the Supreme Court. The clerk of the Supreme 
Court shall be appointed by the Court, and shall hold his office 
for eight years. 

Sec. 16. Election of Superior Court clerk. A clerk of the Su- 
perior Court for each county shall be elected by the qualified 
voters thereof, at the time and in the manner prescribed by law 
for the election of members of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Term of office. Clerks of the Superior Courts shall hold 
their offices for four years. 

Sec. 18. Fees, salaries, and emohiments. The General Assembly 
shall prescribe and regulate the fees, salaries, and emoluments of 
all officers provided for in this article; but the salaries of the 
judges shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. 19. WItat laivs are, and shall be, in force. The laws of 
North Carolina, not repugnant to this Constitution or the Consti- 
tution and laws of the United States, shall be in force until law- 
fully altered. 

Sec. 20. Disposition of actions at law and suits in equity, pend- 
ing when this Constitution shall go into effect, etc. Actions at law 
and suits in equity pending when this Constitution shall go into 
effect shall be transferred to the courts having jurisdiction there- 
of, without prejudice by reason of the change; and all such actions 
and suits commenced before, and pending at the adoption by the 
General Assembly of the rules of practice and procedure herein 
provided for, shall be heard and determined according to the prac- 
tice now in use, unless otherwise provided for by said rules. 

Sec. 21. Elections, terms of office, etc. of Jtistices of the Su- 
preme and Judges of the Superior Courts. The Justices of the Su- 
preme court shall be elected by the qualified voters of the State, 
as is provided for the election of members of the General Assem- 
bly. They shall hold their offices for eight years. The judges 
of the Superior Courts, elected at the first election under this 
amendment, shall be elected in like manner as is provided for 
Justices of the Supreme Court, and shall hold their offices for eight 
years. The General Assembly may, from time to time, provide by 
law that the judges of the Superior Courts, chosen at succeeding 
elections, instead of being elected by the voters of the whole State, 
as is herein provided for, shall be elected by the voters of their 
respective districts. 



Constitution 51 

Sec. 22. Transactions of business in the Superior Court. The 
Superior Courts shall be, at all times, open for the transaction 
of all business within their jurisdiction, except the trial of issues 
of fact requiring a jury. 

Sec. 23. Solicitors and Solicitorial Districts. The State shall be 
divided into twenty-one solicitorial districts, for each of which a 
solcitor shall be chosen by the qualified voters thereof, as is pre- 
scribed for members of the General Assembly, who shall hold 
office for the term of four years, and prosecute on behalf of the 
State in all criminal actions in the Superior Courts, and advise the 
officers of justice in his district. But the General Assembly may 
reduce or increase the number of the solicitorial districts, which 
need not correspond to, or be the same as, the judicial districts 
of the state. 

Sec. 24. Sheriffs and Coroners. In each county a sheriff and 
coroner shall be elected by the qualified voters thereof as is pre- 
scribed for members of the General Assembly, and shall hold their 
offices for a period of four years. In each township there shall 
be a constable elected in like manner by the voters thereof, who 
shall hold his office for a period of two years. When there is no 
coroner in a county the Clerk of the Superior Court for the county 
may appoint one for special cases. In case of a vacancy existing 
for any cause in any of the offices created by this section, tJie 
commissioners of the county may appoint to such office for the 
unexpired term. 

Sec. 25. Vacancies. All vacancies occurring in the offices pro- 
vided for by this Article of the Constitution shall be filled by the 
appointment of the Governor, unless otherwise provided for, and 
the appointees shall hold their places until the next regular elec- 
tion for members of the General Assembly that is held more tliaii 
30 days after such vacancy occurs, when elections shall be held 
to fill such offices. If any person, elected or appointed to any of 
said offices, shall neglect and fail to qualify, such offices shall be 
appointed to, held and filled as provided in case of vacancies oc- 
curring therein. All incumbents of said offices shall hold until 
their successors are qualified. 

Sec, 26. Terms of office of first officers. The officers elected at 
the first election held under this Constitution shall hold their of- 
fices for the terms prescribed for them, repectively, next ensuing 
after the next regular election for members of the General Assem- 



52 North Carolina Manual 

bly. But their temis shall begin upon the approval of this Consti- 
tution by the Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 27. Jurisdiction of justices of the peace. The several jus- 
tices of the peace shall have jurisdiction, under such regulations as 
the General Assembly shall prescribe, of civil actions, founded on 
contract, wherein the sum demanded shall not exceed two hundred 
dollars, and wherein the title to real estate shall not be in contro- 
versy; and all of criminal matters arising within their counties 
where the punishment cannot exceed a fine of fifty dollars or im- 
prisonment for thirty days. And the General Assembly may give 
to the justices of the peace jurisdiction of other civil actions where- 
in the value of the property in controversy does not exceed fifty 
dollars. When an issue of fact shall be joined before a justice, on 
demand of either party thereto, he shall cause a jury of six men 
to be summoned, who shall try the same. The party against whom 
the judgment shall be rendered in any civil action may appeal 
to the Superior Court from the same. In all cases of a criminal 
natui-e the party against whom the judgment is given may appeal 
to the Superior Court, where the matter shall be heard anew. In 
all cases brought before a justice, he shall make a record of the 
proceedings, and file the same with the clerk of the Superior Court 
for his county. 

Sec. 28. Vacancies in office of justices. When the office of justice 
of the peace shall become vacant othei-wise than by expiration of 
the term, and in case of a failure by the voters of any district 
to elect, the clerk of the Superior Court for the county shall ap- 
point to fill the vacancy for the unexpired term. 

Sec. 29. Vacancies in office of Superior Court clerk. In case the 
office of clerk of a Superior Court for a county shall become vacant 
otherwise than by the expiration of the term, and in case of a 
failure by the people to elect, the judge of the Superior Court for 
county shall appoint to fill the vacancy until an election can be 
regularly held. 

Sec. 30. Officers of other courts inferior to Supreme Court. In 
case the General Assembly shall establish other courts inferior to 
the Supreme Court, the presiding officers and clerks thereof shall 
be elected in such manner as the General Assembly may from time 
to time prescribe, and they shall hold their offices for a term not 
exceeding eight years. 



Constitution 53 

Sec. 31. Removal of judges of the various courtn for inability. 
Any judge of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, and 
the presiding officers of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court 
as may be established by law, may be removed from office for 
mental or physical inability, upon a concurrent resolution of two- 
thirds of both Houses of the General Assembly. The judge or pre- 
siding officer against whom the General Assembly may be about 
to proceed shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy 
of the causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before 
the day on which either House of the General Assembly shall act 
thereon. 

Sec. .32. Removal of clerks of the varioiis courts for ivability. 
Any clerk of the Supreme Court, or of the Supei'ior Courts, or of 
such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be established 
by law, may be removed from office for mental or physical in-' 
ability; the clerk of the Supreme Court by the judges of said 
court, the clerk of the Superior Courts by the judge riding the 
district, and the clerks of such courts inferior to the Supreme 
Court as may be established by law by the presiding officers of 
said courts. The clerk against whom proceedings are instituted 
shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the causes 
alleged for his removal, at least ten days before the day appointed 
to act thereon, and the clerk shall be entitled to an appeal to the 
next term of the Superior Court, and thence to the Supi'eme Court, 
as provided in other cases of appeals. 

Sec. 33. Amendments not to vacate existing offices. The amend- 
ments made to the Constitution of North Carolina by this Conven- 
tion shall not have the effect to vacate any office or term of office 
now existing under the Constitution of the State, and filled, or 
held by virtue of any election or appointment under the said Con- 
stitution and the laws of the State made in pursuance thereof. 

ARTICLE V 

REVENUE AND TAXATION 

Section 1. Capitation tax; exemptions. The General Assembly 
may levy a capitation tax on every male inhabitant of the State 
over twenty-one and under fifty years of age, which said tax shall 
not exceed two dollars, and cities and towns may levy a capitation 



54 North Carolina Manual 

tax which shall not exceed one dollar. No other capitation tax 
shall be levied. The commissioners of the several counties and of 
the cities and towns may exempt from the capitation tax any 
special cases on account of poverty or infii-mity. 

Sec. 2. Application of proceeds of State and county capitation 
tax. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall be 
applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor 
but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent thereof 
be appropriated to the latter purpose. 

Sec. 3. State taxation. The power of taxation shall be exercised 
in a just and equitable manner, and shall never be surrendered, 
suspended, or contracted away. Taxes on property shall be uni- 
form as to each class of property taxed. Taxes shall be levied 
only for public purposes, and every act levying a tax shall state 
'the object to which it is to be applied. The General Assembly may 
also tax trades, professions, franchises, and incomes: Provided, 
the rate of tax on income shall not in any case exceed ten per 
cent (10%), and there shall be allowed the following exemptions, 
to be deducted from the amount of annual incomes, to-wit: for 
married man with a wife living with him, or to a widow or 
widower having minor child or children, natural or adopted, not 
less than $2,000; to all other persons not less than $1,000, and 
there may be allowed other deductions (not including living ex- 
penses) so that only net incomes are taxed. 

Sec. 4. Limitations upon the increase of public debts. The Gen- 
eral Assembly shall have the power to contract debts and to pledge 
the faith and credit of the State and to authorize counties and 
municipalities to contract debts and pledge their faith and credit, 
for the following purposes: To fund or refund a valid existing 
debt; to borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes due and 
payable within the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding fifty 
per centum of such taxes; to supply a casual deficit; to suppress 
riots or insurrections, or to repel invasions. For any purpose 
other than these enumerated, the General Assembly shall have 
no power, during any biennium, to contract new debts on behalf 
of the State to an amount in excess of two-thirds of the amount 
by which the State's outstanding indebtedness shall have been re- 
duced during the next preceding biennium, unless the subject be 
submitted to a vote of the people of the State; and for any purpose 



Constitution 55 

other than these enumerated the General Assembly shall have no 
power to authorize counties or municipalities to contract debts, 
and counties and municipalities shall not contract debts, during 
any fiscal year, to an amount exceeding two-thirds of the amount 
by which the outstanding indebtedness of the particular county 
or municipality shall have been reduced during the next preceding 
fiscal year, unless the subject be submitted to a vote of the people 
of the particular county or municipality. In any election held in 
the State or in any county or municipality under the provisions 
of this section, the proposed indebtedness must be approved by a 
majority of those who shall vote thereon. And the General Assem- 
bly shall have no power to give or lend the credit of the State in 
aid of any person, association, or corporation, except to aid in 
the completion of such railroads as may be unfinished at the time 
of the adoption of this Constitution, or in which the State has 
a direct pecuniaiy interest, unless the subject be submitted to a 
direct vote of the people of the State, and be approved by a ma- 
jority of those who shall vote thereon. 

Sec. 5. Property exempt from taxation. Property belonging to 
the State, or to municipal corporations, shall be exempt from tax- 
ation. The General Assembly may exempt cemeteries and pioperty 
held for educational, scientific, literary, charitable, or religious 
purposes; also wearing apparel, aims for muster, household and 
kitchen furniture, the mechanical and agricultural implements of 
mechanics and farmers; libraries and scientific instruments, or 
any other personal pi-operty, to a value not exceeding thi'ee hun- 
dred dollars. The General Assembly may exempt from taxation 
not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) in value of prop- 
erty held and used as the place of residence of the owner. 

Sec. 6. Taxen levied for counties. The total of the State and 
county tax on property shall not exceed twenty cents (20c) on the 
one hundred dollars ($100) value of property, except when the 
county property tax is levied for a special purpose and with the 
special approval of the General Assembly, which may be done by 
special or general act: Provided, this limitation shall not ai)ply 
to taxes levied for the maintenance of the public schools of the 
State for the term required by Article IX, Section 3, of the Con- 
stitution: Provided, further, the State Tax shall not exceed five 
cents (5c) on the one hundred dollars ($100) value of property. 



56 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 7. Acts levying taxes sJiall state object!;, etc. Every act of 
the General Assembly levying a tax shall state the special object 
to w^hich it is to be applied, and it shall be applied to no other 
purpose. 

ARTICLE VI 

suffrage and eligibility to office 

Section 1. WIw may vote. Every person born in the United 
States, and every person who has been naturalized, twenty-one 
years of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in this 
article, shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of 
the State, except as herein otherwise provided. ( The 19th amend- 
ment to the United States Constitution, ratified August 6, 1920, 
pi'ovided that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote 
shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
state on account of sex." North Carolina accordingly by c. 18, 
Extra Session 1920, provided for the registration and voting 
women.) 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of voters. He shall reside in the State of 
North Carolina for one year, and in the precinct, ward, or other 
election district in which he offers to vote four months next pre- 
ceding the election: Provided, that removal from one precinct, 
ward, or other election district to another in the same county 
shall not operate to deprive any person of the right to vote in the 
precinct, ward or other election district from which he has re- 
moved until four months after such removal. No person who has 
been convicted, or who has confessed his guilt in open court upon 
indictment, of any crime the punishment of which now is, or may 
hereafter be, imprisonment in the State's Prison, shall be per- 
mitted to vote, unless the said person shall be first restored to 
citizenship in the manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. Voters to be registered. Every person offering to vote 
shall be at the time a legally registered voter as herein prescribed 
and in the manner hereafter provided by law, and the General 
Assembly of North Carolina shall enact general registration laws 
to carry into effect the provisions of this article. 

Sec. 4. Qualification for registratioyi. Every person presenting 
himself for registration shall be able to read and write any section 



Constitution 57 

of the Constitution in the English language. But no male person 
who was, on January 1, 1867, or at any time prior thereto, en- 
title to vote under the laws of any State in the United States 
wherein he then resided, and no lineal descendant of any such 
person, shall be denied the right to register and vote at any elec- 
tion in this State by reason of his failure to possess the educa- 
tional qualifications herein prescribed: Provided, he shall have 
registered in accordance with the terms of this section prior to 
December 1, 1908. The General Assembly shall provide for the 
registration of all persons entitled to vote without the educational 
qualifications herein prescribed, and shall, on or before November 
1, 1908, provide for the making of a permanent record of such 
registration; and all persons so registered shall forever thereafter 
have the right to vote in all elections by the people in this State, 
unless disqualified under section 2 of this article. 

Sec. .5. hidivisihle plan; legislative intent. That his amend- 
ment to the Constitution is presented and adopted as one indi- 
visible plan for the regulation of the sufi"rage, with the intent and 
purpose to so connect the different parts, and to make them so 
dependent upon each other, that the whole shall stand or fall 
together. 

Sec. 6. Elections by people and General Assembly. All elections 
by the people shall be by ballot, and all elections by the General 
Assembly shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 7. Eligibility to office; official oath. Every voter in North 
Carolina, except as in this article disqualified, shall be eligible to 
office, but before entering upon the duties of the office he shall 
take and subscribe the following oath: 

"I, , do solemnly swear or (affirm) that I will 

support and maintain the Constitution and laws of the United 
States, and the Constitution and laws of North Carolina not in- 
consistent therewith, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties 
of my office as So help me, God." 

Sec. 8. Disqualification for office. The following classes of per- 
sons shall be disqualified for office: First, all pei'sons who shall 
deny the being of Almighty God. Second, all persons who shall 
have been convicted or confessed their guilt on indictment pend- 
ing, and whether sentenced or not, or under judgment su^endcd, 
of any treason or felony, or of any other crime for which the 



58 North Carolina Manual 

punishment may be imprisonment in the penitentiary, since be- 
coming citizens of the United States, or of corruption or malprac- 
time in office, unless such pei-son shall be restored to the rights of 
citizenship in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. When this chapter operative. That this amendment to 
the Constitution shall ^o into effect on the first day of July, nine- 
teen hundred and two, if a majority of votes cast at the next gen- 
eral election shall be cast in favor of this suffrage amendment. 

ARTICLE VII 

MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS 

Section 1. Count}/ officers. In each county there shall be elected 
biennially by the qualified voters thereof, as provided for the elec- 
tion of members of the General Assembly, the following officers: 
A treasurer, register of deeds, surveyor, and five commissioners. 
(Under authority of the Public Laws of 1935, c. 362, s. 13, pro- 
vision was made for the quadrennial election of registers of deeds, 
certain counties being exempted.) 

Sec. 2. Duty of coutity commissioners. It shall be the duty of 
the commissioners to exercise a general supervision and control of 
the penal and charitable institutions, schools, roads, bridges, levy- 
ing of taxes, and finances of the county, as may be prescribed by 
law. The register of deeds shall be ex officio clerk of the board of 
commissioners. 

Sec. 3. Counties to he divided into districts. It shall be the duty 
of the commissioners first elected in each county to divide the 
same into convenient districts, to determine the boundaries and 
prescribe the name of the said districts, and to report the same 
to the General Assembly before the first day of January, 1869. 

Sec. 4. Townships have corporate powers. Upon the approval of 
the reports provided for in the foregoing section, by the General 
Assembly, the said districts shall have corporate powers for the 
necessary purposes of local government, and shall be known as 
townships. 

Sec. 5. Officers of townships. In each township there shall be 
biennially elected, by the qualified voters thereof, a clerk and two 
justices of the peace, who shall constitute a board of ti'ustees, 
and shall, under the supervision of the county commissioners, have 



Constitution 59 

control of the taxes and finances, roads and bridges of the town- 
ships, as may be prescribed by law. The General Assembly may 
provide for the election of a larger number of justices of the peace 
in cities and towns, and in those townships in which cities and 
towns are situated. In every township there shall also be bien- 
nially elected a school committee, consisting of three persons, 
whose duties shall be prescribed by law. (Amended by c. 141, 
1877.) 

Sec. 6. Trustees sliall assess property. The township board of 
trustees shall assess the taxable property of their townships and 
make returns to the county commissioners for revision, as may be 
prescribed by law. The clerk shall be, ex officio, treasurer of the 
township. 

Sec. 7. iVo rleht or loan except by a majority of voters. No 
county, city, town, or other municipal corporation shall contract 
any debt, pledge its faith or loan its credit, nor shall any tax 
be levied or collected by any officers of the same except for the 
necessary expenses thereof, unless appi-oved by a majority of 
those who shall vote thereon in any election held for such purpose. 
Sec. 8. No money drawn except by laiv. No money shall be 
drawn from any county or township treasury except by authority 
of law. 

Sec. 9. Wheyi officers enter on duty. The county officers first 
elected under the provisions of this article shall enter upon their 
duties ten days after the approval of this Constitution by the 
Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 10. Governor to appoint justices. The Governor shall ap- 
point a sufficient number of justices of the peace in each county, 
who shall hold their places until sections four, five, and six of this 
article shall have been carried into effect. 

Sec. 11. Charters to rouain iii force until Ic</alli/ changed. All 
charters, ordinances, and provisions relating to municipal corpora- 
tions shall remain in force until legally changed, unless incon- 
sistent with the provisions of this Constitution. 

Sec. 12. Debts in aid of the rebellion not to be paid. No county, 
city, town, or other municipal corporation shall assume or pay, 
nor shall any tax be levied or collected for the payment of any 
debt, or the interest upon any debt, contracted directly or in- 
directly in aid of or support of the rebellion. 



60 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 13. Powers of General Assembly over viunicipal corpora- 
tions. The General Assembly shall have full power by statute to 
modify, change, or abrogate any and all of the provisions of this 
aiticle, and substitute others in their place, except sections seven, 
nine and thirteen. (Recent amendment repealed old section 9 and 
renumbered section 10-14.) (Under the general authority of this 
section several statutory amendments have been made. See notes 
supra, ss. 1 and 5.) 

ARTICLE VIII 

corporations other than municipal 

Section 1. Corporations under general laws. No corporation 
shall be created, nor shall its charter be extended, altered, or 
amended by special act, except corporations for charitable, educa- 
tional, penal, or reformatory purposes that are to be and remain 
under the patronage and control of the State; but the General 
Assembly shall provide by general laws for the chartering and 
organization of all corporations, and for amending, extending, and 
forfeiture of all charters, except those above permitted by special 
act. All such general laws and special acts may be altered from 
time to time or repealed; and the General Assembly may at any 
time by special act repeal the charter of any corporation. 

Sec. 2. Debts of corporations, hoiv secured. Dues from corpora- 
tions shall be secured by such individual liabilities of the corpora- 
tions, and other means, as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. What corporations shall include. The term "Corpora- 
tion" as used in this article shall be construed to include all 
associations and joint-stock companies having any of the powers 
and privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or 
partnerships. And all corporations shall have the right to sue, and 
shall be subject to be sued, in all courts in like cases as natural 
persons. 

Sec. 4. Legislature to proinde for organizing cities, towns, etc. 
It shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide by general laws 
for the organization of cities, towns, and incorporated villages, 
and to restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing 
money, contracting debts, and loaning their credit, so as to prevent 
abuses in assessment and in contracting debts by such municipal 
corporations. 



Constitution 61 

ARTICLE IX 

EDUCATION 

Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. Religion, morality, 
and knowledge being necessary to good government and the hap- 
piness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall for- 
ever be encouraged. 

Sec. 2. General Assembly shall provide for schools; separation 
of the races. The General Assembly, at its first session under this 
Constitution, shall provide by taxation and otherwise for a general 
and uniform system of public schools, wherein tuition shall be 
free of charge to all the children of the State between the ages 
of six and twenty-one years. And the children of the white race 
and the children of the colored race shall be taught in separate 
public schools; but there shall be no discrimination in favor of, 
or to the prejudice of, either race. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. Each county of the 
State shall be divided into a convenient number of districts, in 
which one or more public schools shall be maintained at least six 
months in every year; and if the commissionei's of any county 
shall fail to comply with the aforesaid requirements of this .sec- 
tion, they shall be liable to indictment. 

Sec. 4. What property devoted to educational purposes. The 
proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted 
by the United States to this State, and not otherwise appropriated 
by this State or the United States; also all money, stocks, bonds, 
and other property now belonging to any State fund for purposes 
of education, also the net proceeds of all sales of the swamp lands 
belonging to the State, and all other grants, gifts, or devices that 
have been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not other- 
wise appropriated by the State or by the terms of the grant, gift, 
or devise, shall be paid into the State Treasury, and, together 
with so much of the ordinary revenue of the State as may be by 
law set apart for that purpose, shall be faithfuly appropriated 
for establishing and maintaining in this State a system of free 
public schools, and for no other uses or purposes whatsoever. 

Sec. 5. County school fund; proviso. All moneys, stocks, bonds, 
and other property belonging to a county school fund; also the 
net proceeds from the sale of estrays; also the clear proceeds of 



<i2 North Carolina Manual 

all penalties and forfeitures and of all fines collected in the several 
counties for any breach of the penal or military laws of the State; 
and all money which shall be paid by peisons as an equivalent 
for exemption from military duty, shall belong to and remain in 
the several counties, and shall be faithfully appropriated for 
establishing and maintaining free public schools in the several 
counties of this State: Provided, that the amount collected in each 
county shall be annually reported to the Superintendent of Public 
Instruction. 

Sec. 6. Election of trustees, and provisions for maintenance of 
tJie University. The General Assembly shall have power to provide 
for the election of trustees of the University of North Carolina, 
in whom, when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, rights, 
franchises, and endowments thereof in any wise granted to or 
conferred upon the trustees of said University; and the General 
Assembly may make such provisions, laws, and regulations from 
time to time as may be necessary and expedient for the mainte- 
nance and management of said University. 

Sec. 7. Benefits of the University. The General Assembly shall 
provide that the benefits of the University, as far as practicable, 
be extended to the youth of the State free of expense for tuition; 
also, that all the property which has heretofore accrued to the 
State, or shall hereafter accrue, from escheats, unclaimed divi- 
dends, or distributive shares of the estates of deceased persons, 
shall be appropriated to the use of the University. 

Sec. 8. State Board of Education. The general supervision and 
administration of the free public school system, and of the educa- 
tional funds provided for the support thereof, except those men- 
tioned in Section five of this Article, shall, from and after the 
first day of Api-il, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five, be 
vested in the State Board of Education to consist of the Lieuteiv 
ant Governor, State Treasurer, the Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, and ten members to be appointed by the Govei'nor, sub- 
ject to confirmation by the General Assembly in joint session. The 
General Assembly shall divide the State into eight educational 
districts, which may be altered from time to time by the General 
Assembly. Of the appointive members of the State Board of Edu- 
cation one shall be appointed from each of the eight educational 
districts, and two shall be appointed as members at large. The 



Constitution 63 

first appointments under this section shall be: Two Members ap- 
pointed from educational districts for terms of two years; two 
members appointed from educational districts for terms of four 
years; two members appointed from educational disti'icts for terms 
of six years; and two members appointed from educational dis- 
tricts for terms of eight years. One member at lai-ge shall be 
appointed for a period of four years and one member at large 
shall be appointed for a period of eight years. All subsequent 
appointments shall be for terms of eight years. Any appointments 
to fill vacancies shall be made by the Governoi- for the unexpired 
term, which appointments shall not be subject to confirmation. 
The State Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be the admin- 
istrative head of the public school system and shall be secretary 
of the board. The board shall elect a chairman and vice chaii*- 
man. A majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the 
transaction of business. The per diem and expenses of the appoin- 
tive members shall be provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 9. Powers and Duties of the Board. The State Board of 
Education shall succeed to all the powers and trusts of the Presi- 
dent and Directors of the Literary Fund of North Carolina and 
the State Board of Education as heretofore constituted. The State 
Board of Education shall have power to divide the State into a 
convenient number of school districts ; to regulate the grade, salary 
and qualifications of teachers; to provide for the selection and 
adoption of the textbooks to be used in the public schools; to 
apportion and equalize the public school funds over the State; and 
generally to supervise and administer the free public school system 
of the State and make all needful rules and regulations in rela- 
tion thereto. All the powers enumerated in this section shall be 
exercised in conformity with this constitution and subject to such 
laws as may be enacted from time to time by the General 

Assembly. 

Sec. 10. Agricultural department. As soon as practicable after 
the adoption of this Constitution the General Assembly shall estab- 
lish and maintain, in connection with the University, a depart- 
ment of agriculture, of mechanics, of mining, and of normal in- 
ocruction. 

Sec. 11. Children must attend school. The General Assembly is 
hereby empowered to enact that every child of sufficient mental 



04 North Carolina Manual 

and physical ability shall attend the public schools during the 
period between the ages of six and eighteen years, for a term of 
not loss than sixteen months, unless educated by other means. 

ARTICLE X 

HOMESTEADS AND EXEMPTIONS 

Section 1. Exemptions of perso7ial property. The personal prop- 
erty of any resident of this State, to the value of five hundred 
dollars, to be selected by such resident, shall be and is hereby ex- 
vjmpted from sale under execution or other final process of any court 
issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Homestead. Every homestead, and the dwellings and 
buildings used therewith, not exceeding in value one thousand dol- 
lars, to be selected by the owner thereof, or in lieu thereof, at the 
option of the owner, any lot in a city, town, or village with the 
dwellings and buildings used thereon, owned and occupied by any 
resident of this State, and not exceeding the value of one thousand 
dollars, shall be exempt from sale under execution or other final 
process obtained on any debt. But no property shall be exempt 
irom sale for taxes or for payment of obligations contracted for 
the purchase of said premises. 

Sec. 3. Homestead exemption from debt. The homestead, after 
the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment 
of any debt during the minority of his children, or any of them. 

Sec. 4. Laborer's lien. The provisions of sections one and two 
of this article shall not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's 
lien for work done and performed for the person claiming such 
exemption, or a mechanic's lien for work done on the premises. 

Sec. 5. Benefit of widoiv. If the owner of a homestead die, leav- 
ing a widow but no children, the same shall be exempt from the 
debts of her husband, and the rents and profits thereof shall inure 
to her benefit during her widowhood, unless she be the owner of a 
homestead in her own right. 

Sec. 6. Property of married women secured to them. The real 
and personal property of any female in this State acquired before 
marriage, and all property, real and personal, to which she may, 
after marriage, become in any manner entitled, shall be and 
remain the sole and separate estate and property of such female, 



Constitution 65 

and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations, or engagements 
of her husband, and may be devised, and bequeathed, and, with 
the written assent of her husband, conveyed by her as if she were 
unmarried. 

Sec. 7. Husband may insure his life for the benefit of ivife and 
children. The husband may insure his own life for the sole use 
and benefit of his wife and childi'en, and in case of the death of 
the husband the amount thus insured shall be paid over to the 
wife and children, or to the guardian, if under age, for her or 
their own use, free from all the claims of the representatives of 
her husband, or any of his creditors. And the policy shall not be 
subject to claims of creditors of the insured during the life of the 
insured, if the insurance issued is for the sole use and benefit of 
the wife and/or children. 

Sec. 8. Hoiv deed for homestead may be made. Nothing con- 
tained in the foregoing sections of this Article shall operate to 
prevent the owner of a homestead from disposing of the same by 
deed; but no deed made by the owner of a homestead shall be 
valid without the signature and acknowledgment of his wife. 

ARTICLE XI 

PUNISHMENT, PENAL INSTITUTIONS, AND PUBLIC CHARITIES 

Section 1. Punishments; convict labor; proviso. The following 
punishments only shall be known to the laws of this State, viz.: 
death, imprisonment with or without hard labor, fines, removal 
from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of 
honor-, trust, or profit under this State. The foregoing provisions 
for imprisonment with hard labor shall be construed to authorize 
the employment of such convict labor on public works or highways, 
or other labor for public benefit, and the farming out thereof, 
where and in such manner as may be provided by law; but no 
convict shall be farmed out who has been sentenced on a charge 
of murder, manslaughter, rape, attempt to commit rape, or arson; 
Provided, that no convict whose labor may be farmed out shall 
be punished for any failure of duty as a laborer, except by a 
responsible officer of the State; but the convicts so farmed out 
shall be at all times under the supervision and control, as to their 
government and discipline, of the penitentiary board or some 
officer of this State. 



6G North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 2. DcdiJi i>i(nishment. The object of punishments being not 
only to satisfy justice, but also to reform the offender, and thus 
prevent crime, murder, arson, burglary, and rape, and these only, 
may be punishable with death, if the General Assembly shall so 
enact. 

Sec. 8. Petiitetitiary. The General Assembly shall, at its first 
meeting, make provision for the erection and conduct of a State's 
Prison or penitentiary at some central and accessible point within 
the State. 

Sec. 4. //oH.s-e.s- of correction. The General Assembly may pro- 
vide for the erection of houses of correction, where vagrants and 
persons guilty of misdemeanors shall be restrained and usefully 
employed. 

Sec. 5. Ho7(i^es of refuge. A house or houses of refuge may be 
established whenever the public interest may require it, for the 
correction and instruction of other classes of offenders. 

Sec. 6. Tlie sexes to be separated. It shall be required, by com- 
petent legislation, that the structui-e and superintendence of penal 
institutions of the State, the county jails, and city police prisons 
secure the health and comfort of the prisoners, and that male and 
female prisoners be never confined in the same room or cell. 

Sec. 7. Provision for the poor and orplianx. Beneficient provi- 
sions for the poor, the unfortunate, and orphan being one of the 
first duties of a civilized and Christian State, the General Assem- 
bly shall, at its first session, appoint and define the duties of a 
Board of Public Charities, to whom shall be entrusted the super- 
vision of all charitable and penal State institutions, and who shall 
annually report to the Governor upon their condition, with sug- 
gestions for their improvement. 

Sec. 8. Orpltan houses. There shall also, as soon as practicable, 
be measures devised by the State foi' the establishment of one or 
more orphan houses, where destitute oi'phans may be cai'ed for, 
educated, and taught some business or trade. 

Sec. 9. Inebriates and idiots. It shall be the duty of the Legisla- 
ture, as soon as practicable, to devise means for the education of 
idiots and inebriates. 

Sec. 10. Deaf mutes, blind, and insane. The General Assembly 
may provide that the indigent deaf-mute, blind, and insane of the 
State shall be cared for at the charge of the State. 



Constitution 67 

Sec. 11. Self -supporting. It shall be steadily kept in view by 
the Legislature and the Board of Public Charities that all penal 
and charitable institutions should be made as neaily self-support- 
ing as is consistent with the purposes of their creation. 

ARTICLE XII 

* MILITIA 

Section 1. Who are liable to militia duty. All able-bodied male 
citizens of the State of North Carolina, between the ages of twenty- 
one and forty years, who are citizens of the United States, shall 
be liable to duty in the militia: Provided, that all persons who 
may be averse to bearing arms, from religious scruples, shall be 
exempt therefrom. 

Sec. 2. Organizing etc. The General Assembly shall provide for 
the organizing, arming, equipping, and discipline of the militia, 
and for paying the same, when called into active service. 

Sec. 3. Governor, commander-in-chief. The Governor shall be 
commander-in-chief, and shall have power to call out the militia 
to execute the law, suppress riots oi' insurrections, and to repel 
invasion. 

Sec. 4. Exemptions. The General Assembly shall have power to 
make such exemptions as may be deemed necessaiy, and to enact 
laws that may be expedient for the government of the militia. 

ARTICLE XIII 

AMENDMENTS 

Section 1. Convention, how called. No convention of the people 
of this State shall ever be called by the General Assembly, unless 
by the concurrence of two-thirds of all of the members of each 
House of the General Assembly, and except the proposition, Con- 
vention or NO Convention, be first submitted to the qualified voters 
of the whole State, at the next general election, in a manner to 
be prescribed by law. And should a majority of the votes cast 
be in favor of said convention, it shall assemble on such day as 
may be prescribed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 2. How the Constitution may be altered. No part of the 
Constitution of this State shall be altered unless a bill to alter 



68 North Carolina Manual 

the same shall have been agreed to by three-fifths of each House 
of the General Assembly. And the amendment or amendments so 
agreed to shall be submitted at the next general election to the 
qualified voters of the whole State, in such manner as may be 
prescribed by law. And in the event of their adoption by a ma- 
jority of the votes cast, such amendment or amendments shall be- 
come a part of the Constitution of this State. 

« 

ARTICLE XIV 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Section 1. Indictments. All indictments which shall liave been 
found, or may hereafter be found, for any crime oi- offense com- 
mitted before this Constitution takes effect, may be proceeded 
upon in the proper courts, but no punishment shall be inflicted 
which is forbidden by this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. No person who shall hereafter 
fight a duel, or assist in the same as a second, or send, accept, or 
knowingly cari'y a challenge therefor, or agree to go out of the 
State to fight a duel, shall hold any office in this State. 

Sec. 3. Drawing ')noney. No money shall be drawn from the 
Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and 
an accurate account of the receipts and expenditures of the public 
money shall be annually published. 

Sec. 4. Mechanic's lien. The General Assembly shall provide, by 
proper legislation, for giving to mechanics and laboiei-s an ade- 
quate lien on the subject-matter of their labor. 

Sec. 5. Governor to make appointments. In the absence of any 
contrary provision, all officers of this State, whether heretofore 
elected or appointed by the Governor, shall hold their positions 
only until other appointments are made by the Governor, or, if 
the officers are elective, until their successors shall have been 
chosen and duly qualified according to the provisions of this Con- 
stitution. 

Sec. 6. Seat of the government. The seat of government in this 
State shall remain at the city of Raleigh. 

Sec. 7. Holding office. No person who shall hold any office or 
place of trust or profit under the United States, or any depart- 
ment thei-eof, or under this State, or under any other state or 



Constitution 69 

government, shall hold or exercise any other office or place of 
trust or profit under the authority of this State, or be eligible to 
a seat in either House of the General Assembly: Provided, that 
nothing herein contained shall extend to officers in the militia, 
notaries public, justices of the peace, commissioners of public 
charities, or commissioners for special purposes. 

Sec. 8. Intermarriage of ivhites and Negroes prohibited. All 
marriages between a white person and a Negro, or between a white 
person and a person of Negro descent to the third generation, 
inclusive, are hereby forever prolw-bited. 



THE AMERICAN'S CREED 

I believe in the United States of America, as a government of 
the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are 
derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a re- 
public; a sovereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect union, 
one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, 
equality, justice and humanity for which American patriots sacri- 
ficed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to 
my country to love it, to support its constitution, to obey its laws, 
to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies. 

(The American's Creed by William Tyler Page was adopted 
by an act of Congress, April fi, 1918.) 

THE AMERICAN FLAG, ITS ORIGIN 

In 1775, the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse carried a standard 
with thirteen alternate blue and silver stripes in the upper left- 
hand comer. At Cambridge on January 2, 1776, Washington with- 
out authorization of the Continental Congress, raised a flag con- 
sisting of thirteen alternate white and red stripes with the crosses 
of St. George and St. Andrew in a blue field in the upper left-hand 
corner. It was called the "Union Flag," "Grand Union Flag," and 
the "Continental Flag," and was employed until displaced by the 
Stars and Stripes adopted by the Continental Congress. 

The beautiful tradition that Betsy Ross, as early a§ June 1776, 
made a Stars and Stripes flag from a pencil sketch supplied by 
Washington but changed the points of the stars from six to Ave, 
has become a classic. Historians doubt its accuracy. Half a dozen 
localities claim to have been the place where the Stars and Stripes 
was first used. Within New York State such contention has been 
for Fort Ann on July 8, Fort Stanwix on August 3, Bennington 
on August 13, and Saratoga on September 19, 1777. The flag with 
thirteen stripes and thirteen stars, authorized on June 14, 1777, 
continued to be used as the national emblem until Congress passed 
the following act, which President Washington signed: 

"That from and after May 1, 1795, the flag of the United 
States be fifteen stripes, alternate red and white; and that the 
union be fifteen stars, white in a blue field." 

73 



74 North Carolina Manual 

This action was necessitated by the admission of the States of 
Vermont and Kentucky to the Union. 

The flaf? of 1795 had the stars arranged in three rows of five 
each instead of in a circle, and sei-ved for 23 years. 

With the admission of more new states, however, it became 
apparent that the 1795 flag would have to be further modified; hence 
in 1818 a law was passed by Congress providing: 

"That from and after the fourth day of July next, the flag 
of the United States be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red 
and white; that the union have twenty stars, white in a blue field. 

"That on the admission of every new state into the Union, one 
star be added to the union of the flag; and that such addition 
shall take effect on the Fourth of July next succeeding such 
admission." 

Since 1818 additional stars have been added until today there 
are 48 on the flag. No law has been passed to designate how the 
stars shall be arranged. At one time they formed a design of a 
larger star. Now by common practice they form six rows of eight 
stars each. 

Betsy Ross, it is now said, lived at 233 Arch Street, Philadelphia, 
and not at 239. She made flags, but says Theodore D. Gottlieb, 
she never made the first Stai's and Stripes. He adds: "The Depart- 
ment of State, the War and Navy departments, the Historical Sites 
Commission of Philadelphia and other official bodies repudiate the 
legend. The book and pamphlet material available is overwhelm- 
ingly against the legend. 

"The story arose for the first time on March 14, 1870, when 
William J. Canby read a paper before the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society in which he states that in 1836, when his grandmother, 
Betsy Ross, was 84 years old and he was 11, she told him the 
story. He apparently thought little of it because nothing was done 
until 1857, when at the suggestion of his Aunt Clarissa, oldest 
daughter of Betsy, he wrote out the notes as he remembered the 
conversation. 

"Nothing further was done until 1870 when he wrote his paper. 
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania thought so little of the 
paper it neither catalogued nor kept a copy of it. Even George 
Canby, younger brother of William, disputed sevei'al points in the 
paper. 



The American Flag 75 

"The legend grew to strength from 1888 to 1893 when pro- 
moters secured an option on the so-called Flag House. 

"Modern historical researchers are giving much thought to 
Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey as the possible designer and 
tlie Fillmore or Bennington flag as the first flag." 

The Proper Display of the American Fhis 

Sec. 2. (a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only 
from sunrise to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs 
in the open. However, the flag may be displayed at night upon 
special occasions when it is desired to produce a patriotic effect. 

(b) The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously. 

(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather 
is inclement. 

(d) The flag should be displayed on all days when the weather 
permits, especially on New Year's Day, January 1; Inauguration 
Day, January 20; Lincoln's Birthday, February 12; Washington's 
Birthday, February 22; Army Day, April 6; Easter Sunday (var- 
iable;) Mother's Day, second Sunday in May; Memorial Day 
(half staff until noon), May 30; Flag Day, June 14; Independence 
Day, July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Constitution 
Day, September 17; Columbus Day, October 12; Navy Day, Octo- 
ber 27; Ai-mistice Day, November 11; Thanksgiving Day, fourth 
Thursday in November; Christmas Day, December 25; such other 
days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States; 
the birthdays of States (dates of admission) ; and on State holidays. 

(e) The flag should be displayed daily, weather permitting, on 
or near the main administration building of every public institution. 

(f) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place 
on election days. 

(g) The flag should be displayed during school days in or near 
every schoolhouse. 

Sec, 3. That the flag, when carried in a procession with another 
flag or flags, should be either on the marching right; that is, the 
flag's own right, or, if there is a line of other flags, in front of 
the center of that line. 

(a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade 
except from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i). 



76 North Carolina Manual 

(b) The flag should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, or 
back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag 
is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed fiiTnly to the 
chassis or clamped to the i"adiator cap. 

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on 
the same level, to the right of the flag of the United States of 
America, except during church services conducted by naval chap- 
lains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above the 
flag during church services for the personnel of the Navy. 

(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is dis- 
played with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should 
be on the right, the flag's own right, and its stafl" should be in 
front of the staff of the other flag. 

(e) The flag of the United States of America should be at the 
center and at the highest point of the group when a number of 
flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped 
and displayed from staffs. 

(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of 
societies are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United 
States, the latter should always be at the peak. When the flags 
are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should 
be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag or pennant may 
be placed above the flag of the United States or to the right of 
the flag of the United States. 

(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are 
to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags 
should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids 
the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation 
in time of peace. 

(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a staff 
projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, bal- 
cony, or front of a building, the union of the flag should be placed 
at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff. When the 
flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending from a 
house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should be 
hoisted out, union first, from the building. 

(i) When the flag is displayed otherwise tlian by being flown 
from a staff, it should be displayed flat, whether indoors or out. 
When displayed either horizontally or vertically against a wall, 
the union should be uppermost and to the flag's own right; that 



The American Flag 77 

is, to the observer's left. When displayed in a window, the flag 
should be displayed in the same way; that is, with the union or 
blue field to the left of the obsei-ver in the street. 

(j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it 
should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an 
east and M'est street or to the east in the north and south street. 

(k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed 
flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When dis- 
played from a staff" in a church or public auditorium, if it is dis- 
played in the chancel of a church, or on the speaker's platform 
in a public auditorium, the flag should occupy the position of honor 
and be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's right as he faces the 
congregation or audience. Any other flag so displayed in the chancel 
or on the platform should be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's 
left as he faces the congregation or audience. But when the flag 
is displayed from a staflF in a church or public auditorium else- 
where than in the chancel or on the platform it shall be placed 
in the position of honor at the right of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. Any other flag so dis- 
played should be placed on the left of the congregation or audience 
as they face the chancel or platform. 

(1) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony 
of unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never be used 
as the covering for the statue or monument. 

(m) The flag, when flown at half staft", should be first hoisted 
to the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff" posi- 
tion. The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is low- 
ered for the day. By "half-staff"' is meant hauling the flag to one- 
half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff. Crepe 
streamers may be affixed to spear heads or ffagstaffs in a parade 
only by order of the Pi'esident of the United States. 

(n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so placed 
that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. The flag 
should not be lowered into the grave or allowed to touch the ground. 

Sec. 4. That no disrespect should be shown to the flag of the 
United States of America; the flag should not be dipped to any 
person or thing. Regimental colors. State flags, and organizations 
or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor. 

(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down 
save as a signal of dire distress. 



78 North Carolina Manual 

(b) The flag should never toucli anything beneath it, such as 
the ground, the floor, water, or merchancHse. 

(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but 
always aloft and free. 

(d) The flag should never be used as drapery of any sort what- 
soever, never festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always 
allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white, and red, always ar- 
ranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red 
below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping the 
fx'ont of a platform, and for decoration in general. 

(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored 
in such a manner as will peiTnit it to be easily torn, soiled, or 
damaged in any way. 

(f) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling. 

(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on part of 
it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, de- 
sign, picture, or drawing of any natui'e. 

(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, 
holding, carrying, or delivering anything, 

(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in 
any manner whatsoever. It should not be embi'oidered on such 
articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or other- 
wise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that is de- 
signed for temporary use and discard; or used as any portion of a 
costume or athletic uniform. Advertising signs should not be fas- 
tened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown. 

(j) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a 
fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, 
preferably by burning. 

Sec. 5. That during the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the 
flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in a review, all 
persons present should face the flag, stand at attention, and salute. 
Those present in uniform should render the right-hand salute. 
When not in uniform, men should remove the headdress with the 
right hand holding it at the left shoulder, the hand being over 
the heart. Men without hats merely stand at attention. Women 
should salute by placing the right hand over the heart. The salute 
to the flag in the moving column should be rendered at the moment 
the flag passes. 



The American Flag 79 

Sec. 6. That when the national anthem is played and the flag is 
not displayed, all present should stand and face toward the music. 
Those in uniform should salute at the first note of the anthem, 
retaining this position until the last note. All others stand at atten- 
tion, men removing the headdress. When the flag is displayed, the 
salute to the flag should be given. 

Sec. 7. That the pledge of allegiance to the flag, "I pledge al- 
legiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the 
Republic for which it stands, one Nation indivisible, with liberty 
and justice for all," be rendered by standing with the right hand 
over the heart; extending the right hand, palm upward, toward 
the flag at the words "to the flag" and holding this position until 
the end, when the hand drops to the side. However, civilians will 
always show full respect to the flag when the pledge is given by 
merely standing at attention, men removing the headdress. Per- 
sons in uniform shall render the military salute. 

Sec. 8. Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag 
of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, 
modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may 
be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Ai-my and Navy 
of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or 
desirable; and any such alteration or additional nile shall be set 
forth in a proclamation. 



The Pledge to the Flag 

(Taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily) 

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, 

And to the Republic for which it stands, 

One Nation, indivisible. 

With liberty and justice for all." 

The Pledge to the Flag, according to a report of the Historical 
Committee of the United States Flag Association (May 18, 1939), 
was written by Francis Bellamy (August 1892), a member of the 
editorial staff of The Youth's Companion, in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. It was first repeated at the exercises in connection with 
the celebration of Columbus Day (October 12, 1892, Old Style). 



80 North Carolina Manual 

The idea of this national celebration on Columbus Day was largely 
that of James B. Upham, one of the junior proprietors of The 
Yoiitli's Compn nion. 

Francis Hopkinson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
was the designer of the Stars and Stripes — not Betsy Ross of 
Philadelphia, who made flags. He also designed the first Great 
Seal of the United States, and a number of coins and several 
items of paper currency in the early days of the Republic. 

Hopkinson, born in Philadelphia (September 21, 1737), and a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, was the first native 
American composer of a secular song, "My Days Have Been So 
Wondrous Free." He was a lawyer and later a judge in New Jersey 
and then in Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia (May 9, 1791). 
His portrait, painted by himself, hangs in the rooms of the Penn- 
sylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia. He played the organ and 
the harpsichord. 



THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON 

The Capitol building in Washington, D. C, is situated on a 
plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River and covers 
an area of 153,112 square feet, or approximately three and one- 
half acres. Its length, from north to south, is 751 feet, four inches; 
its width, including approaches, is 350 feet; and its location is 
described as being in latitude 38°53'20.4" N. and longitude 
77'00'35.7" W. from Greenwich. Its height above the base line on 
the east front to the top of the Statue of Freedom is 287 feet, 
five and one-half inches. The dome is built of iron, and the aggre- 
gate weight of material used in its construction is 8,909,200 pounds. 

The Statue of Freedom surmounting the dome is of bronze and 
weighs 14,985 pounds. It was modeled by Thomas Crawford, 
father of Francis Marion Crawford, the novelist, in Rome, and 
the plaster model shipped to this country. It was cast in bronze 
at the shops of Clark Mills, on the Bladensburg Road, near Wash- 
ington. The cost of the casting and the expenses in connection 
were $20,796.82, and the sculptor was paid $3,000 for the plaster 
model. It was erected and placed in its present position December 
2, 1863. 

The grounds have had an area of 58.8 acres, at one time a part 
of Cern Abby Manor, and at an early date were occupied by a 
subtribe of the Algonquin Indians known as the Powhatans, whose 
council house was then located at the foot of the hill. By sub- 
sequent purchase of ground at the north of the Capitol and at 
the west of the new House Office building the area of the grounds 
has been increased to 139 H acres. 

The Rotunda is 97 feet 6 inches in diameter, and its height from 
the floor to the top of the canopy is 180 feet, 3 inches. 

The Senate Chamber is 113 feet, 3 inches, in length by 80 feet, 
3 inches, in width and 36 feet in height. The galleries will ac- 
commodate 682 persons. 

The Representatives' Hall is 139 feet in length by 93 feet in 
width and 36 feet in height. 

The room, until 1935 the meeting place of the Supreme Coui-t, 
was, until 1859, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to that 
time the court occupied the room immediately beneath, now used as 
a law library. 

81 



82 North Carolina Manual 

The Capitol has a floor area of 14 acres, and 430 rooms are de- 
voted to office, committee, and storage purposes. There are 14,518 
square feet of skylights, 679 windows, and 550 doorways. 

The dome receives light through 108 windows, and from the 
architect's office to the dome there are 365 steps, one for each day 
of the year. 

The southeast cornerstone of the original building was laid Sep- 
tember 18, 1793, by President Washington, with Masonic cere- 
monies. It is constiTicted of sandstone from quarries on Aquia 
Creek, Va. The original designs were prepared by Dr. William 
Thornton, and the work was done under the direction of Stephen 
H. Hallet, James Hoban, George Hadfield, and B. H. Latrobe, 
architects. 

The north wing was finished in 1800 and the south wing in 1811. 
A wooden passageway connected them. On August 24, 1814, the 
interior of both wings was destroyed by fire, set by the British. 
The damage to the building was immediately repaired. 

In 1818 the central portion of the building was commenced 
under the architectural superintendence of Charles Bullfinch. The 
original building was finally completed in 1827. Its cost, including 
the grading of the grounds, alterations, and repairs, up to 1827, 
was $2,433,844.13. 

The cornerstone of the extensions was laid on the Fourth of 
July, 1851, by President Fillmore, Daniel Webster, officiating as 
orator. This work was prosecuted under the architectural direction 
of Thomas U. Walter till 1865, when he resigned, and it was com- 
pleted under the supei-vision of Edward Clark. The material used 
in the walls is white marble from the quarries of Lee, Massachu- 
setts, and that in the columns from the quarries of Cokeysville, 
Maryland. The House extension was first occupied for legislative 
purpose December 16, 1857, and the Senate Januaiy 4, 1859. 

The House office building was begun in 1905 and occupied on 
January 10, 1908; later a story on top was added. The Senate office 
building was started in 1906 and occupied on March 5, 1909. The 
House building cost, with site, $4,860,155; the Senate stioicture, 
$5,019,251. 

Among the paintings in the Capitol are: 

In Rotunda: Signing of the Declaration of Independence, Sur- 
render of General Burgoyne, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at 



The National Capitol 83 

Yorktown, Va., George Washington Resigning His Commission as 
Commander in Chief of the Army, all by John Trumbull. 

Baptism of Pocahontas, by John G. Chapman; Landing of Co- 
lumbus, by John Vanderlyn; Discovery of the Mississippi River 
by DeSoto, by William H. Powell; Embarkation of the Pilgrims, 
by Robert W. Weir. 

In House Wing: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, 
by Emanuel Leutze; First Reading of the Emancipation Procla- 
mation, by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. 

In Senate Wing: Battle of Lake Erie, by William H. Powell; 
Battle of Chapultepec, by James Walker. 



THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

(Unanimously Adopted in Conj^ress, July 4, 1776, at Philadelphia) 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for 
one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected 
them with another, and to assume anions the powers of the earth, 
the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and 
of Nature's God entitles them, a decent respect to the opinions of 
mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel 
them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created 
equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain in- 
alienable Rights; that among these are Life, Liberty and the pur- 
suit of Happiness. That, to secure these rights, Governments are 
instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed; That, whenever any Form of Government becomes 
destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter 
or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such forms, 
as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happi- 
ness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long estab- 
lished should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, 
accordingly, all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more 
disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right them- 
selves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably 
the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute 
Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Gov- 
ernment, and to provide new Guards for their future security. 
Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies, and such 
is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former 
Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great 
Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having 
in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over 
these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid 
world. 

He has refused his assent to Laws, the most wholesome and 
necessaiy for the public good. 

84 



Declaration of Independence 85 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and 
pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his 
Assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly- 
neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of 
large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the 
right of Representation in the Legislature — a right inestimable to 
them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, un- 
comfortable and distant from the depository of their public Rec- 
ords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with 
his measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing 
with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause 
others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of 
Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exer- 
cise; the State remaining, in the meantime, exposed to all the 
dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States for 
that purpose obstioicting the Laws for Naturalization of Foreign- 
ers; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, 
and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing 
his Assent to laws for establishing Judiciary Powers. 

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure 
of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Oflfices, and sent hither swarms 
of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies with- 
out the Consent of our Legislature. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of, and 
superior to, the Civil power. 

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisfhction 
foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving 
his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: 

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any 
Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these 
States: 



86 North Carolina Manual 

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: 

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by jury; 

For transporting us beyond Seas, to be tried for pretended 
offenses: 

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbor- 
ing Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and 
enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an example 
and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these 
Colonies: 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable 
Laws, and altering fundamentally, the Forms of our Governments: 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves 
invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his 
Protection and waging War against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, 
and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mer- 
cenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, 
already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely 
paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the 
Head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-Citizens, taken captive on the 
high Seas, to bear Arms against their Country, to become the exe- 
cutioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by 
their Hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has en- 
deavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merci- 
less Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undis- 
tinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. 

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Re- 
dress in the most humble terms; Our repeated Petitions have been 
answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is 
thus marked by eveiy act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be 
the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attentions to our Britain brethren. 
We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their 
legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We 
have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and 



Declaration of Independence 



87 



settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and 
magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our com- 
mon kindred to disavow these usurpations, which inevitably inter- 
iiipt our connections and coiTespondence. They, too, have been deaf 
to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, 
acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and 
hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind — Enemies in War, in 
Peace Friends. 

We, Therefore, the Representatives of the United States of 
America, in General Congress Assembled; appealing to the Su- 
preme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, 
in the Name and by authority of the good People of these Colonies, 
solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and 
of Right ought to be free and independent States; that they are 
Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Ci'own, and that all 
political connection between them and the State of Great Britain 
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as Free and Inde- 
pendent States, they have full power to levy War, conclude Peace, 
contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts 
and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for 
the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the pro- 
tection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other 
our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. 



Button Gwinnett 

Lyman Hall 

Geo. Walton 

Wm. Hooper 

Joseph Hewes 

John Penn 

Thos, Stone 

Charles Carroll of Carrollton 

James Wilson 

Geo. Ross 



John Hancock 

Edward Rutledge 
Thos. Hey ward, Junr. 
Thomas Lynch, Junr. 
Arthur Middleton 
Samuel Chase 
Wm. Paca 
Carter Braxton 
Robt. Morris 
Benjamin Rush 
Benja. Franklin 



88 



North Carolina Manual 



Caesar Rodney 
Geo. Reed 
Tho. M. Kean 
Wm. Floyd 
Phil. Livingston 
Frans. Lewis 
Lewis Morris 
Richd. Stockton 
Jno. Witherspoon 
Fras. Hopkinson 
John Hart 
Abra Clark 
George Wythe 
Richard Henry Lee 
Th. Jefferson 
Banja. Harrison 
Thos. Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee 



John Morton 
Geo. Clymer 
Jas. Smith 
Geo. Taylor 
Josiah Bartlett 
Win. Hippie 
Saml. Adams 
John Adams 
Robt. Treat Payne 
Eldridge Gerry 
Step. Hopkins 
William Ellery 
Roger Sherman 
Samuel Huntington 
Wm. Williams 
Oliver Woolcott 
Matthew Thornton 



THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

Preamble 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, pro- 
vide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do 
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 

Article I 

Section 1 — All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested 
in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate 
and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen evei-y second year by the people of the several 
States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications 
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State 
Legislature. 

2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citi- 
zen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among 
the several States which may be included within this Union, ac- 
cording to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by 
adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound 
to service for a term of years and excluding Indians not taxed, 
three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be 
made within three years after the first meeting of the Congresa 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number 
of Representatives shall not exceed one for evei-y thirty thousand, 
but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until 
such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire 
shall be entitled to choose 3; Massachusetts, 8, Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, 1; Connecticut, 5; New York, 6; New 

89 



90 North Carolina Manual 

Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 1; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 10; 
North Carolina, 5; South Carolina, 5; and Georgia, 3.* 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any State, 
the Executive Authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill 
such vacancies. 

5. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and 
other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Sec. 3 — 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature there- 
of for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.f 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of 
the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into 
three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be 
vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class 
at the expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year, and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, 
during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting 
of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.! 

3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United 
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that 
State for which he shall be chosen. 

4. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of 
the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. 

5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a Presi- 
dent pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he 
shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. 

6. The Senate shall have the sole power to ti-y all impeachments. 
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. 
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice 
shall preside; and no person shall be convicted without the con- 
currence of two-thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further 
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy 
any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States; but 



•See Article XIV, Amendments. 
tSee Article XVII, Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 91 

the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to in- 
dictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

Sec. 4 — 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections 
for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State 
by the Legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by 
law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of 
choosing Senators. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. 5 — 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, re- 
turns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller num- 
ber may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under 
such penalties as each House may provide. 

2. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish 
its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of 
two-thirds, expel a member. 

3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from 
time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in 
their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the 
members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of 
one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. 

4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without 
the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor 
to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be 
sitting. 

Sec. 6 — 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a 
compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid 
out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, 
except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective 
Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for 
any speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned 
in any other place. 

2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the 
authority of the United States which shall have been created, or 



92 North Carolina Manual 

the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such 
time; and no person holdinji: any office under the United States 
shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office. 
Sec. 7 — 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representa- 
tives and the Senate shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the President of the United States; if he approves, he shall 
sign it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that 
House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objec- 
tions at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If 
after such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to 
pass the bill, it shall be sent together with the objections, to the 
other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if 
approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But 
in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House re- 
spectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within 
ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, 
unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in 
which case it shall not be a law. 

3. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of 
the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (ex- 
cept on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the Presi- 
dent of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, 
shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be 
repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, 
according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a 
bill. 

Sec. 8 — 1. The Congress shall have power: 

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the 
debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of 
the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be 
uniform throughout the United States; 

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the 
several States, and with the Indian tribes; 



Constitution of the United States 93 

4. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform 
laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securi- 
ties and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish postofRces and postroads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by secur- 
ing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive 
right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the 
high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money 
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years; 

1.3. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed 
in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respec- 
tively the appointment of the officers and the authority of training 
the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over 
such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may by cession 
of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the 
seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like 
authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legisla- 
ture of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of 
forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings; 
— and 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers 
vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, 
or in any department or officer thereof. 



94 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 9 — 1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be 
prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight 
hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such im- 
portation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be sus- 
pended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public 
safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to 
be taken.* 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
State. 

6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce' 
or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; nor 
shall vessels bound to, or from, one State be obliged to enter, clear, 
or pay duties in another. 

7. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in conse- 
quence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement 
and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money 
shall be published from time to time. 

8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, 
shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, 
emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, 
prince, or foreign state. 

Sec. 10 — 1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; 
emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a ten- 
der in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder; ex post facto 
law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any 
title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports except what may be abso- 
lutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net pro- 
duce of all duties and imposts, laid by any State on imports or 



*See Article XVI, Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 95 

exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; 
and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of 
the Congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty 
of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter 
into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a 
foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in 
such imminent danger as will not admit of delay. 

Article II 

Section 1 — 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a Presi- 
dent of the United States of America. He shall hold his office 
during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice Presi- 
dent, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature 
thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole num- 
ber of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be 
entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative or 
person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States 
shall be appointed an elector. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote 
by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an 
inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make 
a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for 
each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, 
to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to 
the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The per- 
son having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if 
such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, 
and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representa- 
tives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; 
and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on 
the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. 
But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, 
the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum, for 
this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two- 



96 North Carolina Manual 

thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be 
necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the Presi- 
dent, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors 
shall be the Vice-President. But if there should remain tv^^o or 
more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by 
ballot the Vice President.* 

4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the elec- 
tors and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day 
shall be the same throughout the United States. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the 
United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, 
shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any per- 
son be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the 
age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident within 
the United States. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his 
death, resignation or inability to discharge the powers and duties 
of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and 
the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, 
resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice President, 
declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer 
shall act accordingly until the disability be removed, or a President 
shall be elected. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a 
compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished dur- 
ing the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall 
not receive within that period any other emolument from the 
United States, or any of them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall take 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute 
the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best 
of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of 
the United States." 

Sec. 2 — 1. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the 
Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into the actual service of the United 
States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal 



*This clause is superseded by Article XII, Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 97 

officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject re- 
lating- to the duties of their respective offices; and he shall have 
power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the 
United States, except in cases of impeachment. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators 
present concur; and he shall nominate and, by and with the advice 
and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public 
ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other 
officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein 
otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but 
the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers as they think proper in the President alone, in the courts 
of law, or in the heads of departments. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that 
may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commis- 
sions which shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3 — He shall from time to time give to the Congress infor- 
mation of the State of the Union, and recommend to their consid- 
eration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; 
he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either 
of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to 
the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he 
shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public 
ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, 
and shall commission all the officers of the United States. 

Sec. 4 — The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of 
the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and 
misdemeanors. 

Article III 

Section 1 — The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the 
Congress may from tinfe to time ordain and establish. The judges, 
both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices 
during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their 
services a compensation which shall not be diminished dui'ing their 
continuance in office. 



98 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 2 — 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law 
and equity, arisinj? under this Constitution, the laws of the United 
States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their 
authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdic- 
tion; — to conti'oversies to which the United States shall be a party; 
—to controversies between two or more States; — between a State 
and citizens of another State; — between citizens of different States; 
— between citizens of the same State, claiming lands under grants 
of different States, and between a State, or the citizens thereof, 
and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and 
consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme 
Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before 
mentioned the Supreme Court shall have appellate jui'isdiction, 
both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such regu- 
lations as the Congress shall make. 

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall 
be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State where the said 
crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within 
any State the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress 
may by law have directed. 

Sec. 3 — 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving 
them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of ti^ason 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or 
on confession in open court. 

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of 
treason; but no attainder of treason shall work cori-uption of blood, 
or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. 

Article IV 

Section 1 — Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to 
the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the man- 
ner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, 
and the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



Constitution of the United States 99 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other 
crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, 
shall, on demand of the Executive authority of the State from 
which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having 
jurisdiction of the crime. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any 
law or regulation therein, be discharged from such seivice or labor, 
but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such 
service or labor may be due. 

Sec. 3 — 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into 
this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the 
jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the 
junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the con- 
sent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the 
Congress. 

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other 
property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Con- 
stitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the 
United States or of any particular State. 

Sec. 4 — The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of 
them against invasion, and, on application of the Legislature, or 
of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), 
against domestic violence. 

Article V 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it 
necessaiy, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on 
the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several 
States, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, 
in either case, shall be valid to all intents and pui'poses, as part 
of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three- 
fourths of the several States, or by conventions in three-foui'ths 
thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall 
in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the Ninth 



100 North Carolina Manual 

Section of the First Article; and that no State, without its con- 
sent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrajye in the Senate. 

Article VI 

1. All debts contracted and engagements entered into before the 
adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United 
States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. 

2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which 
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which 
shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be 
the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall 
be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any 
State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the 
members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and 
judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several 
States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Con- 
stitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a quali- 
fication to any office or public trust under the United States. 

Article VII 

The ratification of the Conventions of nine States shall be suf- 
ficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States 
so ratifying the same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States 
present the Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of Our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth. In 
witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 

GEO. WASHINGTON, President and deputy from Virginia, 
New Hampshire — John Langdon, Nicholas Oilman, Massachusetts 
— Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King, Connecticut — Wm. Saml. John- 
son, Roger Sherman, New York — Alexander Hamilton, New Jersey 
— Wil. Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Patterson, Jona. Dayton, 
Pennsylvania — B. Franklin, Robt. IMorris, Thos. Fitzsimmons, 
James Wilson, Thomas Mifflin, Geo. Clymer, Jared Ingersoll, Gouv. 
Morris, Delaware — Geo. Read, John Dickinson, Jaco. Broom, Gun- 
ning Bedford, Jr., Richard Bassett, Maryland — James McHenry, 



Constitution of the United States 101 

Danl. Carroll, Dan. of St. Thos. Jenifer, Virginia — John Blair, Jas. 
Madison, Jr. North Carolina — Wm. Blount, Hu. Williamson, Richd. 
Dobbs Spaig-ht, South Carolina — J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, 
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler, Georgia — William 
Few, Abr. Baldwin. Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. 

The Constitution was declared in effect on the first Wednesday 
in March, 1789. 

Amendments to the Constitution of the United States 

The following amendments to the Constitution, Article I to X, 
inclusive, were proposed at the First Session of the First Congress, 
begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, March 4, 
1789, and were adopted by the necessary number of States. The 
original proposal of the ten amendments was preceded by this 
preamble and resolution: 

"The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time 
of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to 
prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further de- 
claratoiy and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extending 
the ground of public confidence in the Government will best insure 
the beneficient ends of its institution: 

"RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of 
both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to 
the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Con- 
stitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when 
ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all 
intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, namely": 

Amendments 

the ten original amendments 

(Sometimes called our Bill of Rights) 

(Declared in force December 15, 1791) 

Article I 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of re- 
ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abndging the 
freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peace- 
ably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of 
grievances. 



102 North Carolina Manual 



Article II 

A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free 
State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be 
infringed. 

Article III 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house 
without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a man- 
ner to be prescribed by law. 

Article IV 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, 
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, 
shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon prob- 
able cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de- 
scribing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be 
seized. 

Article V 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or othei"wise in- 
famous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the 
militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor 
shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in 
jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 

Article VI 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to 
a speedy, and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and 
district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which dis- 
trict shall have been previously ascertained by law, and be in- 
formed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted 
with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for 
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of 
counsel for his defense. 



Constitution of the United States 103 

Article VII 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall 
exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved 
and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any 
court of the United States than according to the rules of the com- 
mon law. 

Article VIII 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, 
nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

Article IX 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not 
be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 

Article X 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitu- 
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States 
respectively, or to the people. 

Article XI 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to 
extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted 
against one of the United States, by citizens of another State, or 
by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 

(Proposed to the Legislatui'es of the sevei-al States by the Third 
Congress on the 5th of March, 1794, and declared to have been 
ratified by Executive Proclamation, January 8, 1798.) 

Article XII 

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by 
ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall 
name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in dis- 
tinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all 
persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for 
each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, 
to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the 



104 North Carolina Manual 

President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, in the 
presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the 
certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person having 
the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, 
if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the per- 
sons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the list of 
those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall 
choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the 
President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall 
consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and 
a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if 
the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, when- 
ever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March next following, then the Vice President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional dis- 
ability of the President. The person having the greatest number of 
votes as Vice President shall be the Vice President, if such number 
be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no 
person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the 
list, the Senate shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Sena- 
tors, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a 
choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of 
President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United 
States. 

(Proposed by the Eighth Congress on the 12th of December, 

1803, declared ratified by the Secretaiy of State, September 25, 

1804. It was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire.) 

Article XIII 

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punish- 
ment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, 
shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their 
jurisdiction. 

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropri- 
ate legislation. 



Constitution of the United States 105 

(Proposed by the Thirty-eighth Congress on the 1st of February, 
1865, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, dated December 
18, 1865. It was rejected by Delaware and Kentucky; was condi- 
tionally ratified by Alabama and Mississippi; and Texas took no 
action.) 

Article XIV 

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States 
and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of 
citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any per- 
son of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor 
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States 
according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number 
of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when 
the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for Presi- 
dent and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in 
Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the mem- 
bers of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabi- 
tgjits of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of 
the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation 
in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male 
citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty- 
one years of age in such State. 

3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, 
or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil 
or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, hav- 
ing previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an 
officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legisla- 
ture, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support 
the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insur- 
rection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of 
each House, remove such disability. 

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, author- 
ized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and 



106 North Carolina Manual 

bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall 
not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State 
shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of in- 
surrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for 
the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions, and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate 
legislation the provisions of this article. 

(The Reconstruction Amendment, by the Thirty-ninth Congress 
on the 16th day of June, 1866, declared ratified by the Secretary 
of State, July 28, 1868. The amendment got the support of 23 
Northern States; it was rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Mary- 
land, and 10 Southern States. California took no action. Later it 
was ratified by the 10 Southern States.) 

Article XV 

1. Tlie right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Fortieth Congress the 27th of February, 1869, 
and was declared ratified by the Secretary of State, March 30, 
1870. It was not acted on by Tennessee; it was rejected by Cali- 
fornia, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Oregon; ratified by the 
remaining 30 States. New York rescinded its ratification January 
5, 1870. New Jersey rejected it in 1870, but ratified it in 1871.) 

Article XVI 

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on in- 
comes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among 
the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-first Congress, July 12, 1909, and de- 
clared ratified February 25, 1913. The income tax amendment was 
ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsylvania, 
Rhode Island, Utah, and Virginia.) 

Article XVII 

1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two 
Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six 



Constitution of the United States 107 

years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each 
State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most 
numerous branch of the State Legislatures. 

2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in 
the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs 
of election to fill such vacancies; Provided, That the Legislature 
of any State may empower the Executive thereof to make tem- 
poi'ary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election 
as the Legislature may cUrect. 

3. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the 
election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as 
part of the Constitution. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th day of May, 
1912, and declared ratified May 31, 1913. Adopted by all the States 
except Alabama, Delaware, Floi-ida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah and 
Virginia.) 

Article XVIII 

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manu- 
facture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the 
importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the 
United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof 
for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 

2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent 
power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures 
of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven 
years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the 
Congress. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress, December 18, i'JlT, aiul 
ratified by 36 States; was declared in effect on January 16, 1920.) 

Article XIX 

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of sex. 

2. Congress shall have power, by appropriate legislation, to 
enforce the provisions of this article. 



108 North Carolina Manual 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress. On August 26, 1920, it 
was prochiimed in effect, having been ratified (June 19, 1919 — 
August 18, 1920) by three-quarters of the States. The Tennessee 
House, August 31st, rescinded its ratification, 47 to 24.) 

Article XX 

1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at 
noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and 
Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January of the years 
in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been 
ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the 
President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President 
elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been 
chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if 
the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice 
President elect shall act as President until a President shall have 
qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case 
wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall 
have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the 
manner in whicn one who is to act shall be selected, ana such 
person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President 
shall nave qualified. 

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death 
of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives 
may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have 
devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the 
persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President when 
the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. 

5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October 
following the ratification of this article. 

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures 
of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of its submission. 



Constitution of the United States 109 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, First Session. On February 6, 
1933, it was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified by thirty- 
nine states.) 

Article XXI 

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of 
the United States is hereby repealed. 

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, 
or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of 
intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby 
prohibited. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to tlie Constitution by conventions in the 
several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years 
from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Con- 
gress. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, Second Session. Proclaimed 
in effect on December 5, 1933, having been ratified by thirty-six 
States. By proclamation of the same date, the President proclaimed 
that the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution was repealed 
on December 5, 1933.) 



PART II 
CENSUS 



POPULATION OF THE STATE OF NORTH 

CAROLINA 

Seventeenth Census of the United States: 1950 

Based on preliminaiy population figures, North Carolina's urban 
places continued to grow faster than rural areas between 1940 
and 1950, according to the seventeenth decennial census, issued by 
Director Roy V. Peel, of the Bureau of the Census, Department 
of Commerce. 

According to the final figures, the total urban population in- 
creased from 974,175 in 1940 to 1,368,101 in 1950, or 40.4 per cent, 
while the rural population increased from 2,597,448 in 1940 to 
2,693,828 in 1950 or an increase of 3.3 per cent. The final count 
of the Seventeenth Census for the entire state on April 1, 1950 
was 4,061,929 compared to 3,571,623 for 1940, showing an increase 
of 13.7 per cent. Urban residents accounted for 33.7 per cent of 
the State's population in 1950 as compared with 27.3 per cent for 
1940. Rural areas in 1950 accounted for 66.3 per cent of the total 
population. The Census Bureau considers as urban areas the in- 
corporated places of 2500 or more, or unincorporated places of 2500 
or more located outside an urbanized area. The remaining terri- 
tory is classified as rural. 

There were 30 incorporated places of 10,000 or more in 1950 
according to preliminary counts. Four of these (Albemarle, Hen- 
derson, Monroe, and Sanford) reached this size since 1940. All of 
these cities increased in population between 1940 and 1950. 

The final figures, by counties, of the 1950 census showed that 
there was a gain in population in 78 of the 100 counties. Onslow 
county, with an increase of 183.3 per cent had the most extensive 
growth, followed by Cumberland with 61.8 per cent. Craven with 
55.5 per cent. Orange with 49.2 per cent and New Hanover with 
32.1 per cent. 

The first census of North Carolina was taken in 1790, returning 
a population of 393,751. The population has shown an increase at 
every census since that time. The population passed 1,000,000 be- 
tween 1860 and 1870, 2,000,000 between 1900 and 1910, 3,000,000 
between 1920 and 1930, and 4,000,000 between 1940 and 1950. The 
present population represents a density of 77.1 inhabitants per 
square mile. North Carolina's total area in square miles is 52,712. 
Land area is 49,142 square miles; water area is 3,570 square miles. 

Table 1 presents the figures for counties and for incorporated 
places of 10,000 or more, and Table 2 for incorporated places of 
less than 10,000. 113 



114 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 1. PUPUI;ATIUN OF COUNTIES AND OF INCORPORATED PLACES 
OF 10,000 OR MORE IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950 



County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


Tfie St\te 


4,061,929 

1,368,101 

2,693,828 

33.7 

71,220 
14,554 
8,155 
26,781 
21,878 

13,352 
37,134 
26,439 
29,703 
19,238 

124,403 

45,518 

63,783 

43,352 

5,223 

23,059 
20,870 
61,794 
25,392 
18,294 

12,540 
6,006 
64,357 
50,621 
48,823 

96,006 

6,201 

5,405 

62,244 

15,420 

41,074 
101,639 

51,634 
146,135 

31,341 

110,836 

9,555 

6,886 

31,793 

18,024 


Counties — Cont. 

Guilford 

Halifax 


191,057 

58.377 
47,605 
37,631 
30,921 

21,453 
15,756 
6,479 
56,303 
19,261 

65,906 
11,004 
23,522 
45,9.53 
27,459 

16,174 
20,522 
27,938 
25,720 
197,052 

15,143 
17,260 
33,129 
.59,919 
63,272 

28,432 
42,047 
34,435 
9,993 
24,347 

18.423 
9,602 
24,361 
63,789 
11,627 

50,804 
39,597 
87,769 
64,816 
75,410 

46,356 
49,780 
26,336 
37,130 
21,. 520 


Counties— Con<. 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania .... 

Tyrreil 

Union 


45,593 


Rural 


9,921 


Per Cent Urban 


Harnett 


15 194 




Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 


5,048 
42,034 


Counties: 
Alamance 


Vance 

Wake 


32,101 


Alexander 


136,450 


Alleghany 

Anson 


Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes . . . 


23,539 


Hyde 


13 180 


Ashe 


Iredell ... 


18,342 




Jackson 




Averv 


.lohnston 


64,267 
45,243 


Beaufort 

Bertie 


Wilson 


54,506 
22,133 


Bladen 






16,306 


Brun.'iwick 




Incorporated 
Places of 10,000 
OR More 

Albemarle 

Asheville 

Burlington 

Charlotte 

Concord 










Buncombe 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell 


Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchel' 


11,798 
53,000 
24,560 


Camden 


134,042 
16,486 

71,311 


Caswell 

Catawba 


Montgomery 

Moore 


Elizabeth City . . . 

Fayetteville 

Gastonia 

Goldsboro 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

Henderson 

Hickory 

High Point 

Kinston 

Lexington 

Monroe 


12,685 
34,715 


Chatham 

Cherokee 


Nash 

New Hanover. . . . 

Northamjiton .... 

Onslow 

Orange 


23,069 
21,454 

74,389 


Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus 


16,724 
10,996 
14,7o5 


Craven 


Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. . . . 
Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly . . . 


39,973 


Cumberland 

Currituck .... 


18,336 
13,571 


Dare 


10,140 


Davidson 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 


New Bern 

Raleigh 

Reidsville .... 
Rocky Mount. . . 

Salisbury 

Sanford 

Shelby 

Statesville 

Thomasville . . . 

Wilmington 

Wilson 

Winston-Salem . , . 


15,812 
65,679 

11,708 
27,697 
20,102 
10,013 
15,608 

16,901 


Gates 

Graham 

Granville 


11,154 
45,043 
23,010 


Greene 


Stokes 


87,811 



Population of Cities and Towns 



115 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950 



City or Town 



2,500 to 10,000 

Ahoskie 

Asheboro 

Beaufort 

Belmont 

Bessemer City ... 

Boone 

Brevard 

Canton 

Chapel Hill 

Cherryville 

Clinton 

Draper 

Dunn 

Eden ton 

Elkin 

Farmville 

Forest City ...... 

(iraham 

Hamlet 

Hendersonville . . . . 

.lacksonville 

Kings Mountain. . . 

Laurinburg 

Leaksville 

Lenoir 

Lincoln ton 

Louisburg 

Lumberton 

Marion 

Mooresville 

Morehead City 

Morganton 

Mount Airy 

Mount Olive 

Newton 

North Wilkesboro. 

Oxford 

Plymouth 

Roanoke Rapids. . . 
Rockingham 

Roxboro 

Rutherfordton . . . . 
Scotland Neck . . . . 

Selma 

Smithfield 



County 



Hertford . . . . 
Randolph . . . 

Carteret 

Gaston 

Gaston 

Watauga . . . . 
Transylvania 
Haywood . . , . 

Orange 

Gaston 

Sampson ... 
Rockingham 

Harnett 

Chowan 

Surry 

Pitt 

Rutherford . . 
Alamance. . . 
Richmond . . . 
Henderson . . 

Onslow 

Cleveland . . . 
Scotland .... 
Rockingham 
Caldwell.... 

Lincoln 

Franklin .... 

Robeson 

McDowell. . . 
Iredell 

Carteret 

Burke 

Surry 

Wayne 

Catawba .... 

Wilkes...... 

Granville .... 

Washington. . 

Halifax 

Richmond. . . 

Person 

Rutherford. . 

Halifax 

Johnston .... 
Johnston .... 



Popula- 
tion 



3,579 
7,701 
3,212 
5,330 
3,961 



2,973 
3,908 
4,906 
9,177 
3,492 



4,414 
3,629 
6,316 
4,468 
2,842 

2,942 
4,971 
5,026 
5,061 
6,103 

3,960 

7,206 
7,134 
4,045 



5,423 
2,545 
9,186 
2,740 
7,121 

5,144 
8,311 
7,192 
3,732 
6,039 

4,379 
6,685 
4,486 
8,156 
3,356 

4,321 
3,146 
2,730 
2,6o9 
5,574 



City or Town 



2,500 to 10.000 

— Continued 

Southern Pines.. 

Spencer 

Spindale 

Tarboro 

Valdese 

Wadesboro 

Wake Forest 

Washington 

Wavnesville 

Whiteville 

Williamston 

Less than 2,500 

Aberdeen 

Andrews 

Angier 

Apex 

Archdale 

Aulander 

Ayden 

Belhaven 

Benson 

Bethel 

Biscoe 

Black Mountain . 
Boiling Springs. . . 

Bryson City 

Burgaw 

Burnsville 

Carolina Beach . . 

Carrboro 

Carthage 

Gary 

Chadbourn 

China Grove 

Clayton 

Coats 

Columbia 

Conover 

Cornelius 

Dallas 

Davidson 

East Flat Rock . . 

East Lumberton . . 

East Spencer 

Elizabeth town . . . 

Elon College 

Enfield 



County 



Moore 

Rowan 

Rutherford . . 
Edgccoiiibe. . 
Burke 

Anson 

Wake 

Beaufort .... 
Haywood ... 
Columbus . . . 
Martin 

Moore 

Cherokee ... 

Harnett 

Wake 

Randolph . . . 

Bertie 

Pitt 

Beaufort .... 
Johnston .... 
Pitt 

Montgomery. 
Buncombe . . 
Cleveland ... 

Swain 

Pender 

Yancey 

New Hanover 

Orange 

Moore 

Wake 

Columbus ... 

Rowan 

Johnston 

Harnett 

Tyrrell 

Catawba 

Mecklenburg. 

Gaston 

Mecklenburg. 
Henderson 

Robeson 

Rowan 

Bladen 

Alamance . . . . 
Halifax 



Popula- 
tion 



4,272 
3,242 
3,891 
8,120 
2,730 

3,408 
3,704 
9,698 
5,295 
4,238 
4,975 



1.603 
1,397 
1,182 
1,065 
1,218 

1,112 
2,282 
2,528 
2,102 
1,402 

1,0.34 
1,174 
1,145 
1,499 
1,613 

1,341 
1,080 
1,795 
1,194 
1,446 

2,103 
1,491 
2,229 
1,047 
1,161 

1,164 
1,548 
2,454 
2,423 
1,285 

1,106 
2,444 
1,811 
1,109 
2,361 



116 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950- Continued 



City or Town 



LOOO to 2.500 
— Continunl 

Fair Bluff 

Fairmont 

Franklin 

Franklinton 

Fremont 



FuQuay Springs . 

Garner 

Gaston 

Gib?onville 

Granite Falls. . . 



Hazelwood. . 

Hertford . . . . 
Hillsboro, . . . 
Holly Ridge . 
Hope Mills . . 



.lonesville . . . 

Kenly 

Kernersville . 
La Grange. . 
Landis 



Liberty . . . 
Lillington . 

Littleton . 

Longview. 
Lowell . . . 



Madison . . , 
Maiden . . . 
Mars Hill . 
Marshville 
Maxton . . . 



Mayodan 
McAdenville, 

Mebane 



Moeksville .... 
Mount Gilead. 



Mount Holly. . . 
Mount Pleasant. 
Murfreesboro. . . 

Murphy 

Nashville 



Norwood 

Pembroke 

Pilot Mountain. 

Pinetops 

Pineville 



County 



Columbus. 
Robeson . . . 
Macon . . . 
Franklin . , 
Wayne . . . . 



Wake 

Wake 

Northampton . 

Alamance 

Guilford 

Caldwell 



Haywood . . . . 
Perquimans . 

Orange 

Onslow 

Cumberland . 



Yadkin 
Johnston . 
Forsyth . . 
Lenoir. . . 
Rowan . . 



Randolph . 
Harnett . 
Halifax . , . 
Warren 
Catawba . 
Gaston . . . 



Rockingham 
Catawba. . . . 
Madison . . . . 

Union 

Robeson 



Rockingham 

Gaston 

Alamance 

Orange 

Davie 

Montgomery.. 



Gaston . . . 
Cabarrus . 
Hertford . 
Cherokee . 
Nash .... 



Stanly 

Robeson 

Surry 

Edgecombe . . . 
Mecklenburg. . 



Popula- 
tion 



1,0.56 



,319 
,975 
,414 
,395 

,992 
,180 
,218 



1,866 

2,286 

1,769 
2,096 
1,329 
1,082 
1,077 

1,768 
1,129 
2,396 
1,852 
1,827 



,342 
,061 



j 1,173 

2,291 
2,313 

1,789 
1,952 
1,404 
1,258 
1,974 

2,246 
1,060 

'(2,068 

1.909 
1,201 

2,241 
1,019 
2,140 
2,433 
1,302 

1,735 
1,212 
1,092 
1,031 
1,373 



City or Town 



1,000 to 2.500 
— Continued 

Pittsboro 

Raeford 

Ramseur 

Randleman .... 
Red Springs . . . 

Robbins 

Robersonville . . 

Roseboro 

Rowland 

Saint Pauls .... 

Siler City 

Southport 

Spring Hope . . . 
Spruce Pine. . . . 
Stanley 

Sylva 

Tabor City . . . 

Tavlorsville 

Troy 

Tryon 

Wallace 

Walnut Cove . . 

Warren ton 

Warsaw 

Weaverville. . . . 

Weldon 

Wendell 

Wilkesboro ... 

Windsor 

Zebulon ...... 



Less Than 1,000 

Acme 

Addor 

Advance 

Alexander Mills. . . . 
Ansonville 

Arapahoe 

Arlington 

Atkinson 

Atlantic 

Atlantic Beach 

Aurora 

Autryville 

Baileys 

Bakersville 

Banner Elk 



County 



Chatham 

Hoke 

Randolph . . . . 
Randolph . . . . 
Robeson 

Moore 

Martin 

Sampson 

Robeson 

Robeson 

Chatham ... 
Brunswick. . . 

Nash 

Mitchell 

Gaston 

Jackson . , . 
Columbus . - 
.'Alexander . . 
Montgomery. 
Polk 

Duplin 

Stokes 

Warren 

Duplin 

Buncombe . 

Halifax 

Wake 

Wilkes 

Bertie 

Wake 



Columbus. . 

Moore 

Davie 

Rutherford . 
Anson 

Pamlico . . . . 

Yadkin 

Pender 

Carteret. . . . 

Carteret. .. . 

Beaufort . . . 
Sampson . . . 

Nash 

Mitchell. .. 
Avery 



Population of Cities and Towns 



117 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950— Continued 



City or Town 



Less Than 1.000 
— Continued 

Bath 

Battleboro I 

Bayboro 

Beargrass 

Bell Arthur 

Bennett 

Bertie 

Beaulaville 

Biltmore Forest 

Black Creek 

Bladenboro 

Blowing Rock > 

Bolivia 

Bolton 

Boonville 

Bostic 

Bowdens 

Bridge ton 

Broadway 

Brookford 

Brunswick 

Bunlevel 

Bunn 

Calypso 

Cameron 

Candor 

Cashiers 

Castalia 

Catawba 

Cerro Gordo 

Cherry 

Claremont 

Clarkton 

Cleveland 

Clyde 

Colerain 

Columbus 

Conetoe 

Conway 

Council 

Cove City 

Creedmore 

Creswell 

Crossnore 

Crouse 



County 



Beaufort. . . . 
Edgecombe. . 

Nash 

Pamlico 

Martin 

Pitt 

Chatham. . . . 

Bertie 

Duplin 

Buncombe. . . 
Wilson 

Bladen 

Caldwell.... 
Watauga .... 
Brunswick.. 
Columbus . . . 
Yadkin 

Rutherford . . 

Duplin 

Craven 

Lee 

Catawba .... 

Columbus . . . 

Harnett 

Franklin .... 

Duplin 

Moore 

Montgomery. 

Jackson 

Nash 

Catawba .... 
Columbus . . 

Washington . . 
Catawba .... 

Bladen 

Rowan 

Haywood 

Bertie 

Polk 

Edgecombe . . 
Northampton 
Bladen 

Craven 

Granville .... 
Washington . . 

Avery 

Lincoln 



Popula- 
tion 



381 
329 

453 
128 
190 

236 
259 
724 
657 
316 

796 

661 

215 

6(16 
502 

227 
239 
805 
469 



190 
177 
255 

688 
284 

617 
305 
421 
506 
265 

73 
669 
589 
580 
598 

367 

486 

172 

618 

64 

465 
852 
425 
240 
303 



City or Town 



Less Than 1.000 
— Continued 

Culberson 

Deep Run 

Delco 

Dellview 

Denton 

Denver 

Dillsboro 

Dobson 

Dover 

Drexel 

DubUn 

Dudley 

Dundarrach 

East Bend 

East Laurinburg. . 

Edward 

Elk Park 

Ellenboro 

Ellerbe 

Elm City 

Eureka 

Everetts 

Evergreen 

Faison 

Faith 

Falcon 

Falkland 

Fountain 

Four Oaks 

Franklin ville 

Garland 

Garysburg 

Gatesville 

German ton 

Gibson 

Glen Alpine 

Godwin 

Gold Point 

Goldston 

Grainger 

Granite Quarry . . . 

Grif ton 

Grimesland 

Grover 

HaUfax 



County 



Cherokee .... 

Lenoir 

Columbus . . . 

Gaston 

Davidson 

Lincoln 

Jackson 

Surry 

Craven 

Burke 

Bladen 

Wayne 

Hoke 

Yadkin 

Scotland .... 

Beaufort .... 

Avery 

Rutherford . . 
Richmond. . . 

Wilson 

Wayne 

Martin 

Columbus . . . 

Duplin 

Rowan 

Cumberland . 

Pitt 

Pitt 

Johnston .... 
Randolph . . . 

Sampson .... 
Northampton 

Gates 

Stokes 

Scotland 

Burke 

Cumberland . 

Martin 

Chatham .... 
Lenoir 

Rowan 

Pitt 

Pitt 

Cleveland . . . 
Halifax 



Popula- 
tion 



150 
142 
257 
7 
766 



4i5 
198 
609 
638 

988 



243 
133 
134 
475 
745 

155 
545 
537 
773 
839 

192 
244 
245 

768 
490 

245 
174 
451 
942 

778 

539 
344 
323 
118 
609 

695 
145 
132 
372 
168 

591 
510 
414 
535 
346 



118 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: l950~Continued 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Less Than 1,000 

— Continued 

Hamilton 

Hamilton Lakes 


Martin 

Guilford 

Iredell 


514 
882 
374 
167 
147 

137 
356 
169 
515 
529 

603 
398 
406 
253 
721 

922 
916 
308 
232 
843 

246 
748 
529 
359 
136 

405 
674 
189 
461 

228 

174 
575 
177 
286 
302 

964 
339 
605 
194 
216 

405 
154 
370 
238 
685 


Less Than 1,000 

— Continued 

Manly 

Manteo 

Margaretsville 

Marietta 

Marshall 


Moore 

Dare 

Northampton . . . 

Robeson 

Madison 

Mecklenburg 

Greene 

Jones 

Robeson 

Anson 

Chatham 

Johnston 

Vance 


280 
635 
!13 


Harrellsville 


Hertford 

Sampson 

Martin 

Clay 

Chatham 

Macon 

Burke 

Halifax 

Richmond 

Wake 

Greene 

Madison 

Caldwell 

Mecklenburg 

Union 


94 


Harrels Store 


983 




589 


Hayesville 


Maury 

Mavsville 


251 


Havwood 


818 


Highlands 


McDonalds 

McFarlan 


78 


Hildebran 


136 


Hobfjood 


Merry Oaks 


160 


Hoffman 


Micro 


310 


HoHv Springs 


Middleburg 

Middlesex 

Midway 


217 


Hookerton 


Nash 


446 


Hot Springs 


Richmond 

Caswell 

Northampton . . 


479 




317 






302 


Indian Trail 


Mineral Springs 

Morrisville 


135 


Iron Station 


Lincoln 

Northampton . 

Moore 

Guilford 

Martin 


Wake 


221 


Jackson 


Mortimer 


Caldwell 

Anson 


13 


Jackson Sprincs 


Morven 

New London 

Newland 


601 


Jamestown . . 


Stanly 


285 


Jamesville 


Averv 


425 




Ashe 

Buncombe 

Bertie 

Duplin 

Vance 


Carteret 

Sampson 

Warren 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Martin 


676 


Jupiter . . 


Newton Grove 

Norlina 


374 


Kelford 


874 






300 


Kittrell 


North Lumberton . . . 

Oak City 

Oakboro 


423 


Knightdale 


Wake 


518 


Kure Beach . . . 


New Hanover. . . 

Rutherford 

Columbus 

Northam )ton . . 

Cleveland 

Henderson 

Cleveland 

Bertie 


Stanly 


631 


Lake Lure 


Oakley . . 


Pitt 


58 


Lake Waccamaw 


Old Fort 


McDowell 

Pamlico 

Robe'on 

Pitt 

Halifax 


771 


Lasker 


Oriental 


590 






162 


Laurel Park 




265 


Lawndale 


Palmyra 


67 






Beaufort 

Sampson 

Robeson 

Martin 

Caldwell 

Anson 

Wa)Tie 

Lenoir 

Johnston 


275 


Lilesville 


Parkersburg 

Parkton 


114 


Linden 


Cumberland .... 
Stanley 

Wilson 


527 


Locust 


Parmele 


406 


Lucama 


Patterson 


195 


Lumber Bridge 


Robeson 

Edgecombe 

Warren 

Duplin 


Peachland 


485 


Macclesfield 


Pikeville 


464 




Pine Hill 


386 


Magnolia 


Pine Level 


602 



Population of Cities and Towns 



119 



TABLE 2. POPULATrO>J OF INPORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLLNA; 1950— Continued 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Less Than 1,000 

— Continued 

Pinebluff 

Pinetowii 


Moore 

Beaufort 

Anson 

Jones 

Bertie 

Johnston 

Edgecombe 

Robcsou 

Burke 

Caldwell 

Stanly 

Northampton . . . 

Onslow 

Graham 

Richmond 

Rowan 

Wake 

Wilkes 

Washington 

Duplin 

Transylvania . . . 

Bertie 

Rutherford .... 

Sampson 

Polk 

Wilson 


575 
301 
459 
420 
250 

608 
919 
2S2 

} 923 

237 

971 
877 
515 
451 
852 

288 
545 
793 
896 
535 

394 
324 
435 

547 
366 

745 
319 
340 
493 

[ 415 

32 
278 
207 
182 
946 

108 
390 
820 
103 
236 

627 
677 
424 
217 
217 


Less Than 1,000 

— Continued 

Stoneville 

Stonewall 


Rockingham ... 

Pamlico 

Granville 

Hyde 

Onslow 

Duplin 

Ashe 

Watauga 

Vance 


786 
272 


Polkton 

PoUocksville 

Powellsville 

Princeton 

Princeville 


Stovall 

Swan Quarter 

Swansboro 

Teachey's 

Todd 1 

Townsville 

Trenton 

Trinity 

Troutman 

Turkey 

LTnionville 

Vanceboro 

Vandemere 

Vass 

Vaughn 

Waco 

Wagram 

Walstonburg 

Warrensville 

Washington Park .... 

Watha 

Waxhaw 

Webster 

West Jefferson 

Whitakers j 

Whitehall 


410 
212 
559 

226 

j S9 
219 


Proctorville 

RhodhisF . . . / 


\ 


469 


Richfield 

Rich Square 

Richlands 

Robbinsville 


Randolph 

Iredell 

Sampson 

Union 


764 

613 
223 
124 


Roberdel 

Rockwell 

Rolesville 

Ronda 


Craven 

Pamlico 

Moore 

Warren 

Cleveland 

Scotland 

Greene 


753 

475 

757 
181 


Roper 

Rose Hill 

Rosman 


310 
397 
177 

120 


Ruth 

Salemburg 

Saluda 

Saratoga 


Beaufort 


421 
222 


Union 

Jackson 

Ajhe 

Edgecombe 


818 
142 


Seaboard 

Seagrove 


Northampton . . 

Randolph 

Northampton . . . 

Brunswick 

Edgecombe 

Nash 


871 
} 962 


Shallotte 


\^'ayne 

Johnston 

Perquimans 

Union 

Pitt 


197 




Wilson Mills 


349 


Sharpsburg < 


Winfall 

Wingate 

Winterville 

Winton 

Wood 

Woodland 


421 




Pitt 

Pitt 

Wilson 


793 

870 


Simpson 

Sims 


Hertford 

Franklin 

Northampton . . . 

Bertie 

New Hanover. . . 

Davidson 

Yadkin 

Franklin 


834 
128 


Smithtown 


Yadkin 

Greene 

Beaufort 

Anson 

Alleghany 

Edgecombe 

Randolph 

Wilson 

Montgomery 

Cumberland .... 

Granville 

Pitt 


590 


Snow Hill 

South Creek 

South Wadesboro 

Sparta 

Speed 

Staley 


Woodville 

Wrightsville Beach . . 

Yadkin College 

Yadkinville 


387 
711 

82 
820 


Youngsvillc 


019 


Stantonsburg 

Star 

Stedman 




Stem 




Stokes 











PART III 
POLITICAL 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Chapter 3, Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, 
Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, 
Tyrrell, Washington. 

Second District — Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax, Lenoir, 
Northampton, Warren, Wilson. 

Third District — Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Pam- 
lico, Pender, Sampson, Wayne. 

Fourth District — Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, Nash, Randolph, 
Vance, Wake. 

Fifth District — Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, Rocking- 
ham, Stokes, Suri'y. 

Sixth District — Alamance, Durham, Guilford, Orange. 

Seventh District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, 
Harnett, New Hanover, Robeson. 

Eighth District — Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, Montgom- 
ery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Ninth District — Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabarrus, Cald- 
well, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly, Watauga. 

Tenth District — Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, 
Mitchell. 

Eleventh District — McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Cleveland, Gas- 
ton, Madison, Yancey. 

Twelfth District* — Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Hay- 
wood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain, Transylvania. 

JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Eastern Division 

First District — Camden, Gates, Currituck, Chowan, Pasquotank, 
Beaufort, Hyde, Dare, Perquimans, Tyrrell. 

Second District — Nash, Wilson, Edgecombe, Martin, Washing- 
ton. 



•Created by the 1941 General Assembly. 

123 



124 North Carolina Manual 

Third Disfrirt — Bertie, Hertford, Northampton, Halifax, War- 
ren, Vance. 

Fourth District — Lee, Chatham, Johnston, Wayne, Harnett. 

Fifth District — Pitt, Craven, Carteret, Pamlico, Jones, Greene, 

Sixth District — Onslow, Duplin, Sampson, Lenoir. 

Seventh District — Wake, Franklin. 

Eighth District — Brunswick, Columbus, New Hanover, Pender. 

Ninth District — Robeson, Bladen, Hoke, Cumberland. 

Tenth District — Granville, Person, Alamance, Durham, Orange. 

Western Division 

Eleventh District — Ashe, Forsyth, Alleghany. 

Tivelfth District — Davidson, Guilford. 

Thirteenth District — Richmond, Stanly, Union, Moore, Anson, 
Scotland. 

Fourteenth District — Mecklenburg, Gaston. 

Fifteenth District — Alexander, Montgomery, Randolph, Iredell, 
Cabarrus, Rowan. 

Sixteenth District — Catawba, Lincoln, Cleveland, Burke, Cald- 
well, Watauga. 

Seventeenth District — Avery, Davie, Mitchell, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Eighteenth District — McDowell, Transylvania, Yancey, Ruther- 
ford, Henderson, Polk. 

Nineteenth District — Buncombe, Madison. 

Tiventieth District — Haywood, Swain, Cherokee, Macon, Gra- 
ham, Clay, Jackson, 

Twenty-first District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 

APPORTIONMENT OF SENATORS BY DISTRICTS 

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1940 

AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 225, Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, 
Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans counties shall elect two 
senators. 



District Divisions 125 

Second District — Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, Pamlico, Tyr- 
rell and Washington shall elect two senators. 

Third District — Northampton, Vance and Warren shall elect one 
senator. 

Fourth District — Edgecombe and Halifax shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Fifth District — Pitt shall elect one senator. 

Sixth District — Franklin, Nash and Wilson shall elect two 
senators. 

Seventh District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Lenoir and 
Onslow shall elect two senators. 

Eighth District — Johnston and Wayne shall elect two senators. 
Ninth District- — Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson 
shall elect two senators. 

Tenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and Cumberland 
shall elect two senators. ' 

Eleventh District — Robeson shall elect one senator. 

Tivelfth District — Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Randolph shall 
elect two senators. 

Thirteenth District — Chatham, Lee and Wake shall elect two 
senators. 

Fourteentli District — Durham, Granville and Person shall elect 
two senators. 

Fifteenth District — Caswell and Rockingham shall elect one 
senator. 

Sixteenth District — Alamance and Orange shall elect one sen- 
ator. 

Seventeenth District — Guilford shall elect one senator. 

Eighteenth District — Davidson, Montgomery, Richmond and 
Scotland shall elect two senators. 

Nineteenth District — Anson, Stanly and Union shall elect two 
senators. 

Twentieth District — Mecklenburg shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-first District — Cabarrus and Rowan shall elect two 
senators. 



126 North Carolina Manual 

Twenty-second District — Forsyth shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-third District — Stokes and Surry shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-fourth District — Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin shall elect 
one senator. 

Twenty-fifth District — Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln shall elect 
two senators. 

Twenty-sixth District — Gaston shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-seventh District — Cleveland, McDowell and Rutherford 
shall elect two senators. 

Twenty-eighth District — Alexander, Burke and Caldwell shall 
elect one senator. 

Twenty-ninth District — Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga shall elect 
one senator. 

Thirtieth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell and Yancey shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirty-first District — Buncombe shall elect one senator. 

Thirty-second District — Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Polk and 
Transylvania shall elect two senators. 

Thirty-third District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Macon and 
Swain shall elect one senator. 



APPORTIONMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF REPRESENTATIVES IN ACCORDANCE WITH 

THE CENSUS OF 1940 AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 112, Public Laws 1941) 



No of 
Reps. 

1 

1 

1 



Coiinty 
Alamance 
Alexander 
Alleghany 

Anson 1 

Ashe 1 

Aveiy 1 

Beaufort 1 

Bertie 1 

Bladen 1 

Brunswick 1 

Buncombe 3 

Burke 1 

Cabarrus 2 



Caldwell . 
Camden . , 
Carteret . 
Caswell . , 
Catawba . 
Chatham . 
Cherokee . 
Chowan . . 

Clay 

Cleveland 
Columbus 
Craven . 



1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

Cumberland 2 

Currituck 1 

Dare 1 

Davidson 1 

Davie 1 

Duplin 1 

Durham 2 

Edgecombe 1 

ForsytJi 3 



No of 
County Reps. 

Franklin 1 

Gaston 2 

Gates 1 

Graham 1 

Granville 1 

Greene 1 

Guilford 4 

Halifax 1 

Harnett 1 

Haywood 1 

Henderson 1 

Hertford 1 

Hoke 1 

Hyde 1 

Iredell 1 

Jackson 1 

Johnston 2 

Jones 1 

Lee 1 

Lenoir 1 



Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison .... 

Martin 

McDowell . . . 
Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 

Montgomery 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 



1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
4 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



County 
Pamlico .... 
Pasquotank 
Pender .... 
Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph . . 
Richmond . . 
Robeson . . . 
Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford . 
Sampson . . . 
Scotland . . . 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren .... 
Washington 
Watauga . . . 
Wayne .... 

Wilkes 

Wilson .... 
Yadkin .... 
Yancey .... 



No of 
Reps. 



127 



state Democratic Platform for 1952 

We, the Delegates of this Convention, mindful of the steward- 
ship of the Democratic Party for all the people of North Carolina, 
proudly record the faithful and praiseworthy service of our Party 
in the past and adopt the following pledge of continued efficient, 
economical and progressive service as a platform of our Party for 
1952. 

National Affairs 

We commend the National Democratic Administration and 
especially its efforts to defend our priceless freedoms against our 
enemies from within and without. We must continue to maintain 
strong defenses and to cooperate fully with the United Nations in 
the development and maintenance of international law and the 
peaceful processes for the settlement of international disagree- 
ments. 

We have spent billions of dollars in an effort to assist other 
freedom loving nations and to secui'e their cooperation in a com- 
mon effort against a common enemy. We renew our faith in the 
ideals voiced by great Democratic leaders, Woodrow Wilson, Frank- 
lin D. Roosevelt and Harry Ti-uman and in the ability of free men 
everywhere to defend their freedoms against all forms of tyranny. 

We note with particular satisfaction the conspicuous roles which 
North Carolina Democrats are playing in the national adminis- 
tration. 

Congress 

We endorse the excellent record for patriotic and intelligent 
public service which the members of our delegation in Congress 
are making. We take great pride in having so many of our mem- 
bers Chairmen of important Committees both in the House and 
the Senate. We feel greatly honored that during World War II 
and in the period of reconstruction since that war, many members 
of our delegation have served so ably, both as Chairmen and 
members of the committees, which were responsible for the great 
programs of public sei-vice. In that respect, no state has been 
more fortunate than North Carolina. 

We feel that since many of our men have ably filled positions 
of responsibility and trust in the National administrations, and in 

128 



Democratic Platform 129 

like manner, able men of vision, experience and ability from other 
states in the South have capably filled many positions in the 
National Government, including cabinet posts, Ambassadors, Gen- 
erals of the Army, members of the Supreme Court and other 
equally important trusts, we expect the National Democratic Party 
to give recognition to the fact that the men of the South are as 
capable of giving leadership to the Nation as the men of any other 
section of these United States. 

We urge upon the representatives of this State in the National 
Congress that they constantly strive for a balanced budget and 
relief from burdensome taxation. At the same time, we urge upon 
them that no effort be spared to preserve our freedoms and that 
no price tag be placed upon the liberties of the Amei-ican people. 

General Assembly 

We commend the forthright and courageous action of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1951 in making provision for adequate services 
for our people — public schools, public health, and public roads, and 
other public services — within the limits of a balanced budget and 
without the curtailment of any essential service. 

The Scott Administration 

We endorse the dynamic and forward-looking administration 
which Governor Scott has provided. 

His secondary road program, his program for the extension of 
telephone and electric services to all parts of the State, and par- 
ticularly in the rural areas, his program of enlarged permanent 
improvements, and his program of increased and improved facili- 
ties in our public schools have all contributed substantially and 
permanently to the convenience and the prosperity of the people. 

His administration has been characterized by an abiding faith 
in the destiny of our State and in the progressive spirit of her 
people. 

We commend him for his great faith, his zeal in the prosecution 
of all causes in the public interest and for his unswerving de- 
termination to see that the people's taxes are used to buy the 
maximum service for them at a minimum cost. 



130 North Carolina Manual 

Finances 

The General Assemblies of 1949 and 1951 wisely increased the 
personnel of the State Department of Revenue and authorized 
the Department to install more efficient accounting records. Our 
people may now be assured that a maximum effort is being made 
to see that all tax payers bear their just burden of taxes. The cost 
of collecting all State taxes is now less than three-fourths of one 
per cent, thus establishing a most enviable record of low costs. 

Taxes required to operate the Federal Government are high, 
and the burden is heavy. It is, therefore, all the more important 
that State taxes be held to minimum rates, consistent with the 
essential needs of our people, and that the business of the State 
be transacted with the utmost efficiency and economy. It is with 
pride that we cite our State's stabilized tax system. In this con- 
nection we urge the next General Assembly to review our Revenue 
Act and eliminate any existing inequities which tend to deter our 
expanding economy. 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina is justly proud of the 
financial record it has achieved since the days of the Hoover de- 
pression. It has met eyeiy obligation in full and on time since 
1933. The Democratic Party is committed to the policy of operating 
on a balanced budget. This record must be maintained. The 
Democratic Party pledges to the people of North Carolina that the 
financial affairs of the state shall remain in a solvent condition 
and at the same time it pledges every effort to meet the demands 
for increased service to the people of the State without the impo- 
sition of new taxes. 

Education 

The training of our children in the public schools continues to 
be the main business of the State Government, and the Democratic 
Party pledges its continued friendship and enthusiastic support to 
this most worthy project. 

The 1951 Legislature appropriated $211,702,000 for public school 
purposes. This was an increased appropriation of 35 million dol- 
lars above the previous biennium. In addition to these funds the 
Legislature of 1949 made provision for a bond issue of 25 million 
dollars, ratified by a vote of the people, and appropriated 25 
million dollars from the General Fund surplus, which together 



Democratic Platform 131 

with 80 million dollars provided by the counties, made possible a 
public school building program of 130 million dollars. The Demo- 
cratic Party pledges its continued effort to provide adequate build- 
ings and facilities for the growing school population of the state 
and to meet this need as fast as funds can be made available. 

An appropriation of five hundred and fifty thousand dollars 
annually was first made in 1949 and continued in 1951 for the 
school health program, as the result of which thousands of chil- 
dren have had physical defects cured and symptoms of ill health 
have been discovered in time to prevent serious consequences to 
many thousands more. 

Adequate salaries for school personnel, ample buses, increased 
transportation needs, better facilities for teaching, attendance 
laws better enforced should all be encouraged and provided as fully 
and as rapidly as money is available. 

In the field of higher education, most of the 72 million dollars 
appropriated for new construction has been expended and consid- 
erable impetus has been given to more expanded curricula both 
at the Consolidated University and the Teachers Colleges. For 
current expense operations the 1951 General Assembly appropri- 
ated $27,740,000 which was an increase of 156% over similar ap- 
propriations made in 1945-47. The State is now spending for 
operating costs for all educational purposes, more than 238 million 
dollars for this biennium. 

The challenge made by the increasing needs for education 
through the years both in the public schools and the institutions 
of higher learning has been met under the leadership of the 
Democratic Party in such a way that we can all be proud, and 
we pledge the people of North Carolina that we shall continue to 
go forward in this great endeavor. 

Agriculture 

With the largest farm population of any state in the Union, 
North Carolina's Democratic Administrations and party leaders 
are keenly aware of, and have been generously responsive to, the 
needs of agriculture. One measure of the results of this farm 
leadership has been a fourfold increase in the State's cash farm 
income in the past ten years. 



132 North Carolina Manual 

Some of the specific, Democratic-led advances that have con- 
tributed to this increase are: (1) A program to stabilize the prices 
of farm commodities; (2) Increased and more efficient production, 
largely as a result of greatly expanded research and education; 
(3) Introduction and expansion of new enterprises and industries 
such as dairying, poultry and livestock; and (4) Development and 
improvement of markets and marketing facilities for farm products. 

Even more important than increased income has been the tre- 
mendous improvement in rural living standards. Here again, the 
Democratic Party has led the way, by providing better rural roads, 
electricity, telephones, health services, and coordinated agricultural 
leadership. 

The Party recognizes the needs of that growing portion of our 
population — the rural non-farm group, which now comprises one- 
third of our people. For these as well as the farm people, we 
dedicate our efforts to increase the per capita income, greater 
security, improved educational opportunities, stronger community 
life. 

It is our pledge to help the rural people to attain all of these 
objectives in order that they may have a more abundant life. 

Roads and Prisons 

Adequate road systems consisting of both primary and secondary 
roads are necessary for the growth, development and prosperity of 
our state. 

During the past 30 years our General Assemblies, with the ad- 
vice of the Governors, have appropriated more than one billion, 
two hundred and ten million dollars for road purposes. The Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1949, under the advice of Governor Scott, sub- 
mitted a bond issue of 200 million dollars to the people to be used 
exclusively for secondary roads. The people voted for the bonds 
and now most of this money has been spent and the state now has 
approximately a total of 20,000 miles of paved roads and 15,000 
miles of stabilized rural roads. We commend the General As- 
sembly, Governor Scott, the State Highway and Public Works 
Commission and all other persons who had a bit in performing 
this great sez'vice for the people. We pledge our continued support 
for a wholly adequate highway system for the entire State. The 
Democratic Party will continue to urge its Governors and Legisla- 



Democratic Platform 133 

tures to adequately provide for all-weather transportation for all 
the people in every area of the State. 

The State Highway and Public Works Commission has admin- 
istered the State prison system with increasing efficiency. Per- 
manent improvements have been made to the prison system, the 
last of cage camps has been abandoned, new and modern camps 
have been added, the farm program improved and enlarged and 
the rehabilitation facilities have been expanded. 

Highway Safety 

The heavy accident toll on the highways is a matter of concern 
to every citizen of our State. Needless numbers of people lose 
their lives, and much property is destroyed, in highway accidents. 
The 1953 General Assembly should take adequate steps to assure a 
marked reduction in the number of highway fatalities and to this 
end we pledge our best effort and encouragement to the adminis- 
trative officials of the State striving to bring about further safety 
on the highways. 

Public Welfare 

During the last two sessions of the General Assembly the State 
has strengthened its adoption laws, made provision through the 
Welfare Department for part of the cost of hospitalization for 
needy people, enacted the Lien Law for old age assistance, and in 
other ways strengthened the legislative base for the administra- 
tion of public welfare. 

The three programs of aid to the aged, aid to the permanently 
and totally disabled, and aid to dependent children, make financial 
assistance available to approximately 120 thousand people monthly. 

The State is pioneering in the development of licensed boarding 
houses for the aged and infirm, who cannot continue to live in their 
own homes. This has been found to be an economical and effective 
approach toward providing living arrangements for such older 
people. Also it is making possible an increasing number of place- 
ments from the State Hospitals back in the communities. There 
is increased recognition of the need for an adequately financed 
and simplified administrative program of medical care and hos- 
pitalization for indigents who are the responsibility of county de- 
partments of public welfare. 



134 North Carolina Manual 

The Democratic Party has placed emphasis through the years 
upon broadening and strengthening the Public Welfare services 
essential to the well-being of our State and pledges its continued 
support to this humanitarian project. 

Health 

North Carolina's health program has attracted nation-wide at- 
tention. The Medical Care Commission has approved one hundred 
and two projects, including sixty local general hospitals in fifty- 
three counties, nineteen county health centers, fifteen nurses' 
homes, and eight State home projects. They represent the expendi- 
ture of eleven million dollars in State funds, twenty million dollars 
in Federal Funds and nineteen million dollars by counties and 
cities. Since 1947, North Carolina has built or contracted for four 
thousand, two hundred and eighty-seven new hospital beds, out- 
ranking all of the States, with the exception of Texas. 

The great new Medical Center at Chapel Hill is approaching 
completion and the standard four year Medical School, the Dental 
School and the School for Nurses are in operation. 

We point with pride to the excellent hospitals which have been 
constructed by the State for the treatment of tubercular patients 
and the remarkable progress which has been made toward solving 
the problem of cure and prevention of this dread disease. 

Within the past few years the State has appropriated more than 
8 million dollars for Tubercular Sanatoria. When the additions 
made possible by these funds have been completed, patients should 
be admitted almost on the same day cases are diag'nosed. The 
Democratic Party feels that it should continue to meet the needs 
of Public Health as fast as science makes treatment and cure 
available. 

Encouragement should be given to local health departments in 
order that they may operate more generally and more efirciently. 

Mental Institutions 

The creation of the Hospital Board of Control for our Mental 
Institutions by the General Assembly of 1947 and the increased 
appropriations by the past three sessions of the General Assembly 
for maintenance and permanent improvements for the State Hos- 



Democratic Platform 135 

pital System has resulted in both improvement and enlargement 
of these facilities. This method of organizing and administering 
the State's hospitals has resulted in remarkable improvement in 
the care and treatment of our mentally sick. We urge the next 
General Assembly to make further provision for the treatment 
and rehabilitation of the inmates of our Mental Institutions as 
the most effective way to reduce the cost and to perform the 
greatest service to these unfortunate citizens. 

We heartily commend the General Assemblies for maintaining 
a genuine interest in the State's mental institutions. The Demo- 
cratic Party will always be the advocate for assistance and help 
to the sick and mentally afflicted people who cannot plead their 
own cause when others are seeking appropriations from the State. 

Labor 

A large segment of our non-farm population earn their living 
in industrial employment. Some of the finest men and women in 
our State are wage earners, and occupy responsible positions in 
their plants and communities. About 425,000 of them are tax- 
payers of the State and Nation. They have added greatly to the 
income of the State through increased value added by manufac- 
turing. 

The Democratic Party has always been the friend of the labor- 
ing man. The Party pledges its support to every enterprise tend- 
ing to improve his working conditions, to protect him against the 
hazards of his occupation, and to assure him reasonable recom- 
pense for his labors. We commend the Department of Labor for 
its vigorous, well planned and well directed industrial accident pre- 
vention program and pledge our support to its continuation and 
expansion, recognizing that it is necessary to our expanding 
economy. 

The Democratic Party has been anxious for peace and harmony 
to prevail between Labor and Management. It has insisted on 
the Department of Labor exercising its good offices in conciliatory 
services. 

We are happy to state that the relations between management 
and labor in North Carolina are unusually friendly and co- 
operative. There have been during the past two years, relatively 
few strikes. The services I'endered by the State Department of 



136 



State Con^r 




1 Districts 



137 








^ A R N E T 








^ M R E 


/ 


,^ —--^ 


\ A 


s 


.^/ 


n.. 




t 




tCUMBERLANO 




\ 


lONO ^NM 


R 


fA 



X 



COLUMBUS 



f 



BRUM S WICK 



138 North Carolina Manual 

Labor have been capable and helpful. The Democratic Party, al- 
ways the friend of labor, pledges its fullest sujjport to the proper 
demands of those who contribute to the State's prosperity with 
•their skills and exertion. 

Conservation and Development 

The State Boara of Conservation and Development is to be com- 
mended in its efforts to conserve and develop the many natural 
resources of the State. 

Recoi'ds show great strides have been made in attracting new 
and diversified industry to the state as well as the promotion 
of home industries. Due to the shifting of many new industries 
from the North to the Southern States since the close of World 
War II the Department of Conservation and Development has been 
extremely busy in trying to inform those who seek a new location 
for industry as to the natuial advantages to be found for such 
industry in North Carolina. Under such a program many new 
industries constituting a total of several hundred million dollars 
investment has been made in our State since the close of World 
War II. Development of the tourist trade has been pushed to the 
point where it is now thought to be the third largest industry in 
the State, with greater development yet to be had. Considerable 
effort has been made in protecting the forests from the ravages of 
fire and the unwise cutting of the timber. 

Remarkable progress has been made in the development of 
Terminal facilities in Wilmington and Morehead. A considerable 
expansion in imports and exports will come with the completion of 
these facilities. 

It is noteworthy that v/e are beginning to obtain a much needed 
diversification in our industries. Added to our leadershp in the 
field of textiles, tobacco, and wooden furniture, we have attracted 
new types of industry, such as electronics, synthetic fibres, nylons, 
dacrons, food and beverage processing plants and a great many 
other fields of industry are now in the stages of locating and be- 
ginning operations. 

Many of North Carolina's mineral resources are being developed 
and utilized as never before. Several of these are being produced 
for vital elements in the national defense program. Fui'ther de- 



Democratic Platform 139 

velopment of state parks and presei-vation and restoration of a 
number of historical sites and homes have been pushed in order 
to provide recreation and to add to the number of scenic attrac- 
tions North Carolina has to offer. 

The Democratic Party pledges its efforts to an enlargement of 
the Conservation and Development Program in North Carolina in 
order to provide further development of our natural resources, to 
afford more employment to our people and to greatly add to the 
wealth of our State. 

Utilities 

The General Assembly of 1949 increased the membership of the 
Utilities Cor.imission from three to five, and wisely so because the 
work of the Commission has been increasing rapidly as the result 
of the growth of the industrial development of the State, the ex- 
tension of utility services, and the expansion of transportation 
facilities. Today, practically ninety per cent of all the farms in 
North Carolina are electrified, and since the end of the War there 
has been an increase of more than one hundred and seventy-nine 
thousand telephones in use. 

Recently, natural gas pipe lines have been constructed through 
the State a:.d the area to be served will probably be expanded 
rapidly. 

The General Assembly of 1949, for the first time, provided the 
Utilities Commission with a number of technical experts whose 
services are essential in the regulation of utilities and the fixing 
of utility rates. Thus the General Assembly has provided this 
important State Agency with the facilities for the fair solution 
of the many difficult problems requiring the exercise of impartial 
judgment with respect to the quality and quantity of utility serv- 
ice to be rendered to the people on one hand and the price which 
the utilities are permitted to charge on the other. The Utilities 
Commission is to be commended for faithfully adhering to its 
duties at a period when there is a rapidly expanding use of all 
utilities in the State. 

Administration of Justice and Law Enforcement 

The Democratic Party believes in the supremacy of the law for 
all citizens and that the law must be enforced fairly and impar- 



140 North Carolina Manual 

tially. We condemn, without resei-vation, every effort of men, 
singly or in organized groups, to set themselves above the law. 
We will insist that every Agency of our State Government shall, 
at all times, be vigilant and relentless in the enforcement of high 
standards of conduct for all public servants and that our law en- 
forcement Agencies continue to act with firmness and promptness 
in bringing to the bar of justice those who violate the criminal law. 
Recognizing the importance of fair, prompt and efficient admin- 
istration of justice in our courts, our General Assemblies have 
provided for the organization of a permanent Judicial Council, 
headed by the Chief Justice or some other member of the Supreme 
Court, charged with the duty of making a continuing study of all 
problems involved in the administration of justice and recom- 
mending to the General Assembly appropriate legislation. The 
General Assemblies have also provided for a permanent Commis- 
sion for the continuous study of the statute law of the State and 
the recommendation of appropriate changes in oi- additions to our 
statutes. We commend the action of the Genei-al Assemblies in 
the creation of both of these Agencies, as proof that the Demo- 
cratic Party is determined to preserve our judicial system as a 
bulwark for the protection of the people's liberties and the admin- 
istration of justice and to keep our laws abreast of the changing 
needs of an increasingly complex civilization. 

Long and Unbroken Record of Achievement 

In conclusion, we acknowledge with humility and recall with 
pride that the people of North Carolina have entrusted the con- 
duct and management of their public affairs to the Democratic 
Party, without interruption, for a half century. During that time, 
the record of our Party has been one of constructive, economical 
and progressive leadership. Consistently, the Democratic Party 
has supplied great Governors who have not only served but led 
our people to greater heights of achievement. Consistently, the 
Democratic Party has manned our General Assemblies so that 
they have been responsive to the will of the people. Consistently, 
the Democratic Party has conducted the State's affairs on such a 
high plane that our State has become known far and wide for its 
honest and efficient government. 



Democratic Platform 141 

The State Government, although the largest enterprise in North 
Carolina, continues to grow. Its activities reach beneficently into 
the lives of every citizen and into every region of this state. The 
Democratic Party proudly proclaims that all of these services have 
been inaugurated, expanded, and made efficient during the period 
in which it has been intrusted with the aff'aii-s of the State Gov- 
ernment. 

We commend the record of the Democratic Party for the past 
fifty years to all those forward-thinking people who have given 
their support to our Party and who have continued to support this 
way of life in our state. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

State and District Committees 

Section 1. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall con- 
sist of nine men and nine women from each congressional district 
in the State, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of 
delegates from the congressional districts, held on the morning of 
the State Convention as provided in Section 29 hereof; provided, 
however, that every county shall have as least one member on the 
Committee. 

Sec. 2. As early as is practical after each State Convention, the 
Chairman shall call the State Democratic Executive Committee 
to meet for the purpose of electing a chairman and a vice chair- 
man, one of whom shall be a woman, and each of whom shall serve 
for a term of two years, and until his or her successor shall be 
elected. 

Sec. 3. The Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, as early as practicable after his election, shall appoint his 
advisory or campaign committee, consisting of not less than six 
nor more than twenty-four, with equal representation as to men 
and women, and a secretary of the State Democratic Executive 
Committee. 

Sec. 4. The congressional Democratic Executive Committee for 
each congressional district in the State shall consist of two mem- 
bers from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the 
preliminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts 
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec- 
tion 29 hereof; provided, however, that in any congressional dis- 
trict embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist 
of three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 5. The Judicial Democratic Executive Committee for each 
judicial district in the State shall consist of two members from 
each county in said district, who shall be elected at the preliminary 
meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held on the 
morning of the State Convention as provided by Section 29 hereof; 
provided, however, that in any judicial district embracing less than 
five counties, the committee shall consist of three members from 
each county in the district. 

143 



144 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 5-A. The Solicitorial Democratic Executive Committee for 
each solicitorial district in the State shall consist of two members 
from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the pre- 
liminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts 
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec- 
tion 29 hereof; provided, however, that in any solicitorial district 
embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of 
three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 6. The State Senatorial Executive Committee for each sena- 
torial district in the State which comprises more than one county 
shall consist of one member from each county in said district, 
who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of delegates from 
the congressional districts held on the morning of the State Con- 
vention as provided by Section 29 hei-eof. In districts composed 
of only one county, the County Democratic Executive Committee 
of said county shall have jurisdiction as in the matter of county 
candidates. 

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, as soon as practicable after the State 
Convention, to designate one member as chairman and one mem- 
ber as secretary of each of the executive committees provided for 
in each of the foregoing four sections. The State Chairman shall 
notify the members so selected of their appointment, and in case 
any member shall fail or decline to accept such appointment, he 
shall appoint some other member in his stead. 

Sec. 8. All Democratic Executive Committees shall meet at such 
times and places as the chairman of the respective committees may 
appoint and designate in the call. If for any reason there should 
occur a vacancy in the chairmanship of any executive committee, 
or if such chairman should be incapacitated or should fail or 
refuse to act, the secretary shall call a meeting of said executive 
committee for the purpose of electing a successor to the said 
chairman. If no meeting shall be called within five days after 
such vacancy occurs, then any other officer of said executive com- 
mittee, or any three members thereof, may call a meeting to fill 
said vacancy; provided, however, if such vacancy shall be in a 
state senatorial executive committee, in that event, any member 
thereof after said vacancy shall have existed for five days, may 
call a meeting to fill such vacancy. 



Plan of Organization 145 

Sec. 9. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall have 
the power to fill all vacancies occurring in said committee; vacan- 
cies occurring in congressional, judicial, and senatorial committtees 
shall be filled by the executive committee of the county in which 
such vacancies occur; pi-ecinct committees shall fill all vacancies 
occurring in their respective committee. 

Sec. 10. All officers of the State Executive Committee and the 
National Committeeman and the National Committeewoman from 
the State and the President of the Young Democratic Clubs of the 
State shall be ex officio members of the Committee with the power 
to vote. 

Sec. 11. All executive committees shall have the power to ap- 
point subcommittees or special committees for such purposes and 
with such powers, in their respective jurisdictions, as may be 
deemed necessary or desirable. 

Sec. 12. In each election year the Chairman of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee shall convene said Committee in the 
City of Raleigh on or before the 10th day of March, and at said 
meeting the following business shall be transacted: 

(a) The time and place of holding the State Convention shall 
be determined and duly published. 

(b) A common day shall be fixed, on which all precinct meet- 
ings shall be held for the election of delegates to the county con- 
ventions. 

(c) A common day shall be fixed for the holding of a county 
convention in each county in the State for the purpose of electing 
delegates to the State Convention. 

Sec. 13. Immediately after the adjournment of the aforesaid 
meeting of the State Democratic Executive Committee, it shall be 
the duty of the chairman to publish the proceedings of the same, 
and it shall be the duty of the secretary of the committee to notify, 
in writing, the several chairmen of the County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committees in the State of the respective dates so fixed for 
the holding of precinct meetings and county conventions. Directly 
after receipt of such notice, it shall be the duty of each chairman 
of a County Democratic Executive Committee in the State to fix 
the hour and places for holding the precinct meetings m his county, 
the hour and place for holding the meeting of the County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee required by the provisions of Section 



146 North Carolina Manual 

20 to be held on the day of the county convention ; and thereupon 
the said chairman shall issue a call for the precinct meetings, the 
county convention, and the meetings of the County Democratic 
Executive Committee. The call shall be in writing and, at least 
ten days before the day set for the precinct meetings, it shall be 
posted at the courthouse door of the county and copies thereof 
shall be sent to the chairmen of all precinct committees in the 
county; a copy of the call also shall be sent as a news item to each 
newspaper published in the county. 

County and Precinct Organization 

Sec. 14. The unit of county organization shall be the voting pre- 
cinct. In each precinct there shall be an executive committee con- 
sisting of five active Democrats, at least two of whom shall be 
women, who shall be elected by the Democratic voters at the pre- 
cinct meeting called by the chairman of the County Democratic 
Executive Committee as provided in this plan of organization. The 
precinct committee so elected shall elect from its membership a 
chairman and a vice chairman, one of whom shall be a woman. 

Sec. 15. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the 
chairman of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice 
chairman of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of 
both the chairman and the vice chairman, any member of the com- 
mittee may preside. 

Sec. 16. At the said precinct meeting, the Democratic voters in 
attendance shall elect delegates and alternates to represent the 
precinct in the county convention; and said delegates or alternates, 
or such of them as shall attend the county convention, shall be 
entitled to vote the full democratic strength of their precinct upon 
all questions, nominations, or elections which may come before 
the county convention. The chairman, or presiding officer, and the 
secretary of the precinct meeting shall certify to the county con- 
vention the names of the delegates and alternates selected at the 
meeting. 

Sec. 17. Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county 
convention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote 
for fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for 
Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election: provided 
that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in 



Plan of Organization 147 

the county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many 
delegates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said pre- 
cinct may be entitled in the county convention. 

Sec. 18. At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall 
be taken on the different questions, nominations, and elections 
anticipated to come before the county convention, and in that 
event, the chaii-man or presiding officer and the secretary of the 
precinct meeting shall certify to the county convention the vote 
so cast, and the relative vote as fixed in the pi-ecinct meeting shall 
not be changed in the county convention, except by two-thirds vote 
of the entire unit of delegates desiring to change its vote. 

Sec. 19. In case there shall be a failure to hold a precinct 
meeting in pursuance of the call of the chairman of the county 
democratic executive committee, or if at any meeting there shall 
be a failure to elect delegates to the county convention, in either 
event, the precinct democratic executive committee shall appoint 
the delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the 
precinct. 

Sec. 20. The chairman of the several precinct committees shall 
compose the County Democratic Executive Committee, which shall 
meet on the same day as the county convention first held in each 
election year, the meeting to be held either before or after the 
convention at an hour and place to be designated in the call issued 
in pursuance of Section 13 hereof. At said meeting a chairman 
of said county executive committee shall be elected. Immediately 
after the election of the chairman, the committee shall elect one 
or more, but not exceeding three, vice chaiiTnan, and also a secre- 
tary. If more than one vice chairman shall be elected, the order 
of their succession shall be designated by title, e.g., first vice 
chairman, second vice chairman, third vice chairman. Either the 
chairman or the first vice chairman shall be a woman. The chair- 
man, vice chairman or vice chairmen, or secretary need not be 
members of the County Democratic Executive Committee, but all 
of said officers shall be ex-officio members of the committee, with 
the power to vote, however, at any organizational meeting of said 
County Democratic Executive Committee said ex-officio members 
shall not have the power to vote. If for any reason there should 
occur any vacancy in the chairmanship of a county executive com- 



148 North Carolina Manual 

mittee, by death, resignation, or removal, or if such chairman 
should be incapacitated or should fail or refuse to act, then the 
vice chairman or vice chairmen, in their order of succession, and 
thereafter the secretary, shall, in such order of succession, be 
vested with the full authority and power of the chairman until 
such time as said county executive committee has met and duly 
elected a successor to such chairman. A majority of said precinct 
chairmen, in person or by proxy in the person of some active 
Democrat of the precinct in which an absent chairman resides, 
shall constitute a quorum. The county executive committee may 
appoint a central committe of five who shall act in its stead when 
the county executive committee is not in session. 

Sec. 21. In case there shall be a failure to elect any precinct 
executive committee prior to the day of the county convention, 
the County Democratic Executive Committee at its meeting held 
on the day of the said convention shall appoint the committee for 
such precinct. 

Sec. 22. The county executive committee shall have power to 
make any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it 
may deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules pi-escribed in 
this plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and 
furnish all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from 
said precinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals 
therefrom; and it shall have the power to raise the funds neces- 
sary to pay the expenses thereof. 

Sec. 23. All county conventions shall be called to order by the 
chairman of the executive committee of such county, and in his 
absence, by the vice chairman or by one of the vice chairmen in 
the order of succession set out in Section 20 hereof, and in his or 
their absence, by any member of the county executive committee 
who may be present at the convention, and in case none of the 
foregoing persons shall be present, then by any delegate to the 
convention, and he shall preside until a permanent chairman is 
elected by the convention. 

Sec. 24. The chairman shall provide the convention with a suf- 
ficient number of secretaries or ready accountants, who shall re- 
duce the votes to decimals and tabulate the same, disregarding all 
fractions after the second or hundredth column. 



Plan of Organization 149 

Sec. 25. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the convention 
from making nomination by viva voce or acclamation where a 
vote by township or precinct is not demanded by any Democratic 
elector present. 

Sec. 26. The County Democratic Executive Committee shall have 
the power to make such other rules and regulations for the holding 
of county conventions not inconsistent herewith, as may be deemed 
necessary or expedient. 

Sec. 27. Any chairman of a county executive committee who 
announces his candidacy for an elective office in the primary 
shall resign immediately as such chairman and the vacancy shall 
be filled as heretofore provided; but any chairman who shall so 
resign my be reelected to such chairmanship if and when a va- 
cancy occurs after the primary. 

State Convention Rules 

Sec. 28. The state convention shall be composed of delegates 
appointed by the several county conventions. Each county in the 
State shall be entitled to elect to the State Convention one dele- 
gate and one alternate for every 150 Democratic votes and one 
delegate and one alternate for fractions over 75 Democratic votes 
cast thei-ein for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial 
election. 

Sec. 29. A preliminary meeting of the delegates shall be held 
by each congressional district on the morning of the State Con- 
vention, at rooms to be designated by the State Executive Com- 
mittee, for the purpose of selecting the following committees and 
officers of the convention : 

1. One member of the committee on Resolutions and Platform. 

2. One member of the committee on Permanent Organization, 
Rules, and Order of Business, which committee will nominate a 
permanent president and secretary of the convention. 

3. One vice president of the convention. 

4. One district assistant secretary. 

5. One member of the committee on Credentials and Appeals. 

6. Nine men and nine women as members of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, with at least one member being se- 
lected from each county. 



150 North Carolina Manual 

7. Two members from each county for the Congressional, Judi- 
cial, and Solicitorial District Democratic Executive Committees; 
provided, however, in districts embracing less than five counties, 
three members of each said committee shall be elected from each 
county in said district. 

8. One member for each county of the State Senatorial Execu- 
tive Committee where the district embraces more than one county. 

Sec. 30. Such delegates (or alternates of absent delegates), as 
may be present at any Democratic Convention shall be allowed to 
cast the whole vote to which their precinct or county may be 
entitled. 

Sec. 31. In all conventions provided for by this plan, after a 
vote is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until the final 
result of the ballot shall be announced by the chairman of said 
convention. 

Sec. 32. The chairman of the different county conventions shall 
certify the list of delegates and alternates to the State Conven- 
tion, and a certified list of said delegates and alternates to the 
secretary of the State Executive Committee. 

Sec. 33. The secretary of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee shall make up a roll of all delegates and alternates from 
the several counties and transmit the same to the chairman of 
the State Convention. 

Sec. 34. In all conventions a nomination may be made by any 
majority, even though it be a fraction of a vote. 

Sec. 35. In all State Conventions it shall be the duty of the 
delegates from the several counties to choose one of their number 
chairman, whose name shall be reported to the president of such 
convention, and whose duty it shall be to cast the vote of his 
county as directed, and the vote as announced by him shall be 
recorded unless some delegate from that county shall challenge its 
accuracy, in which event it shall be the duty of the president of the 
convention to cause the roll of delegates from that county to be 
called, when the vote of such county shall be tabulated and re- 
coi"ded according to the response of its delegates; but in no event 
shall the vote of one county be challenged by a delegate from 
another county. 



Plan of Organization 151 

Rotation of State Senators in Districts Composed 
of More Than One County 

Sec. 36, That in all State Senatorial Districts composed of more 
than one county, in which it has been the custom to concede the 
right to nominate a senator to one county of the district, by a 
plan of rotation or otherwise, and in which such plan was fol- 
lowed in the Primary Election of 1936, the same shall remain in 
full force and effect until terminated as herein provided. 

The executive committees of the several counties composing 
such Senatorial District may hereafter adopt a plan for the nomi- 
nation of candidates for the State Senate by one or more counties 
composing such district, but such plan shall not be effective until 
the executive committee of each of the counties composing the 
district shall, by a majority vote, approve such plan and file with 
the chairman of the State Executive Committee a copy of the 
resolution approving the same. The agreement in any senatorial 
district composed of only two counties may be terminated by a 
majority vote of the county executive committee of any one of the 
counties and in districts of more than two counties by a majority 
vote of each of the executive committees of at least two counties, 
provided that notice of the termination cf such agreement must 
be filed with the chairman of the State Executive Committee at 
least 120 days in advance of the date of the primary election at 
which the candidates for the General Assembly are to be nomi- 
nated. The chaii'man of the State Executive Committee shall 
promptly notify the State Board of Elections of all such agree- 
ments and of the termination thereof. 

Nomination of Candidates for County and Township Offices 

and for the General Assembly in Counties 

Not Under Primary Law 

Sec. 37. In all counties in which the selection of candidates for 
members of the General Assembly and county and township offices 
is not provided for by the primary law, nominations shall be 
made in the following manner : 

(a) The county democratic executive committee shall meet and 
set a time and place for holding a county convention for the nomi- 



152 North Carolina Manual 

nation of candidates for the afoi-esaid offices, and shall also set 
the time and places for holding the necessary preliminary precinct 
meetings, and thereupon the chairman of the county executive 
committee shall issue a call for the precinct meetings and the 
county convention, notice of which call shall be sent to the pre- 
cinct officials and published in such manner and form as shall be 
directed by the said county executive committee. 

(b) At the meeting held in each precinct in pursuance of said 
notice, delegates and alternates to represent it in the county con- 
vention shall be elected from the body of the Democratic voters 
of the precinct; and said delegates or altei-nates, or such of them 
as shall attend the county convention shall be entitled to vote the 
full Democratic strength of their precinct in the nomination of 
candidates and upon all questions which may come before said 
county convention. 

If there is a failure to hold a precinct meeting in pursuance of 
said notice, or if said meeting shall fail to elect delegates to rep- 
resent it in said convention, the precinct executive committee shall 
appoint delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of 
the precinct. 

(c) Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county con- 
vention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote for 
fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for Gov- 
ernor at the last preceding gubernatorial election : provided that 
every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the 
county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many dele- 
gates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said pre- 
cinct may be entitled in the county convention. 

(d) The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chair- 
man of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chair- 
man of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both 
the chairman and vice chairman, any member of the committee 
may preside. 

(e) The county executive committee shall have power to make 
any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it may 
deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this 
plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and furnish 
all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said pre- 
cinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals therefrom. 



Plan of Organization 153 

Appointment of Democratic Members of 
County Board of Elections 

Sec. 38. The chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee 
in each county shall, before submitting- to the State Chairman 
recommendations as to Democratic members of the county Board 
of Elections in such county, call a meeting of the democratic 
executive committee of the county and submit such recommenda- 
tions for the approval of the executive committee, and only when 
such recommendations are approved by a majority of the com- 
mittee present, shall same be submitted to the State Chairman by 
the county chairman. The time of such meeting of the respective 
county executive committees for the purpose of passing on such 
recommendations shall be fixed by the State Chairman. 

Miscellaneous Provisions 

Sec. 39. In the several counties of the State where primaries 
are provided for by law, whether optional or mandatory, this plan 
of organization shall nevertheless be followed in all matters not 
inconsistent with such laws. 

Sec. 40. In the nomination of candidates for municipal offices 
to be voted for in any town or city election, where the same is not 
controlled by charter or legislative enactment, a municipal demo- 
cratic executive committee may be created for the purpose of 
facilitating the orderly selection of such candidates. The com- 
mittee shall be composed of five residents of the municipality, at 
least two of whom shall be women, to be elected biennially at a 
meeting of all members of the regular precinct executive com- 
mittee or committees, who reside in the municipality, the meeting 
to be called and presided over by the chairman of the county 
democratic executive committee. It shall be the sole function of 
any municipal democratic executive committee created under the 
provisions of this section to supervise and direct the selection of 
candidates for municipal offices, and in so doing, the committee 
shall follow in principle the procedure set out in Section 37 hereof, 
and to that end, the committee may formulate such rules and 
regulations as may be deemed necessary, practicable and fair in 
applying in principle the procedure set out in said Section 37. 
The committee shall elect from its membership a chairman and 



154 North Carolina Manual 

vice chairman, one of whom shall be a woman; and all vacancies 
in membership shall be filled by the committee. 

Filling Vacancies Among Candidates and 
Selecting Candidates in Special Elections 

Sec. 41. In the event any person nominated as a candidate of 
the democratic party of a state office shall die, resign, or for any 
reason become ineligible or disqualified between the date of nomi- 
nation and the ensuing general election, the vacancy caused thereby 
shall be filled by the action of the state executive committee; in the 
event of such vacancy in the case of a district office (except in a 
state senatorial district operating under a rotation agreement 
which concedes the candidate for senator or one of the candidates 
for senator to one county), the vacancy shall be filled by the action 
of the executive committee for such district; and in the event of 
such vacancy in the case of a county office, or the house of rep- 
resentatives, or the state senate in a district composed either of 
only one county or of two or more counties operating under a 
rotation agreement which concedes the candidate for senator or 
any one of the candidates for senator to one county, in either of 
said events, the vacancies shall be filled by action of the county 
executive committee of the county wherein such vacancy occurs ; 
provided, that should a vacancy occur in any office after a nomi- 
nation has been made, or if a special election shall be ordered to 
fill a vacancy either in the Congress of the United States or in the 
General Assembly of North Carolina, in any or either of said 
event or events, a nomination shall be made by the appropriate 
committee in like manner as hereinbefore provided. Any nomi- 
nation made under the provisions of this section shall be certified 
immediately by the chairman and secretary of the nominating 
committee to the board or boards of elections, State or county, 
having the responsibility of printing and distributing the ballots 
on which the name of the nominee shall appear. 

Sec. 42. The right of appeal shall lie from any subordinate 
committee or convention to the committee or convention next su- 
perior thereto, and in all county or state conventions appeals shall 
first be referred to the committee on Credentials and Appeals, or 
a special committee provided by the convention, and the findings 
and reports of such committee had before action thereon by the 
convention. 



Plan of Organization 155 

Sec. 43. It shall be the duty of the county executive committees 
and their chairmen to make such reports and furnish such informa- 
tion to the chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee 
and chairman of the several district committees as the said State 
and district chairmen may desire. 

Sec. 43-A. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall 
appoint a committee of three whose duty it shall be to audit, not 
less frequently than biennially, the financial accounts and balances 
of the Committee. 

Amendments to Plan of Organization 

Sec. 44. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall, by 
a majority vote of the full committee, have power to amend this 
plan of organization. 

The foregoing is the plan of organization of the Democratic 
pai"ty of North Carolina as adopted by the State Democratic 
Executive Committee, at a meeting held in the city of Raleigh 
on the 5th day of March, 1918, together with all amendments 
thereto up to and including a special meeting of said committee 
held in the City of Raleigh on August 20, 1952. 

B. Everett Jordan, 

Chairman. 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(From list furnished by Secretary, State Democratic 
Executive Committee) 

State Democratic Executive Committee 

1952 

OFFICERS 

Chairman B. Everett Jordan 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. John T. Richardson 

Secretary John D. Larkins, Jr 

Committees 
First District 

Beaufort Malcohi Paul Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. Miriam Topping Panteijo 

Camden Mrs. \V. I. Halstead South Mills 

Chowan T. C. Byrum Edenton 

Currituck Mrs. Dudley Barley Moyock 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Gates A. P. Godwin, Jr datesville 

Hertford D. C. Barnes Murfreesboro 

Hyde Mrs. J. Leslie Simmons, Sr Swan Quarter 

Martin Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

Martin Mrs. E. S. Peele Williamston 

Pasquotank N. Elton Aydlett Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. Treva Pendleton Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Mrs. .lack Kanoy Hertford 

Pitt Dr. Paul E. Jones Farmville 

Pitt Mrs. W. I. Bissette Grift on 

Tyrrell Mrs. Margaret McClus Columbia 

Washington Carl Bailey Plymouth 

Second District 

Bertie Chas H. Jenkins Aulander 

Bertie Mrs. C. W. Beasley Colerain 

Edgecombe Cameron S. Weeks Tarboro 

Edgecombe Mrs. J. W. Sexton Rocky Mount 

Greene Earl Lang Walstonburg 

Greene Mrs. E. A. Rasberry '. Snow Hill 

Halifax Mrs. J. C. Shearin Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax Mrs. B. B. Everett Palmyra 

Halifax Erie W. Rodgers Scotland Neck 

Lenoir Fred A. Whitaker Kinston 

Lenoir Mrs. Bertie Noble Deep Run 

Northampton J. Guy Revelle Conway 

Northampton Mrs. .Jack W. Parker Lasker 

W'arren John H. Kerr, Jr Warrenton 

Warren Mrs. Barker Williams Warrenton 

Wilson Luke Lamb Wilson 

Wilson Mrs. Everett Blake Wilson 

\\'ilson A. D. Williams Lucama 

Third District 

Carteret C. G. Holland Morehead City 

Carteret Mrs. Clayton Fulcher Atlantic 

Craven N. C. Reed New Bern 

Craven Miss Leonora Carrawan New Bern 

Duplin R. D. Johnson, Sr Warsaw 

156 



State Committees, Democratic 157 



Duplin Mrs. Rpva Gavin Kenansville 

Jones \V. M. Whitaker Trenton 

Jones Mrs. J. D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Onslow John D. Warlick Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. E. W. Summersill Jacksonville 

Pamlico M. D. Brinson Grantsboro 

Pamlico Mrs. E. R. Goodwin Oriental 

Pender f'lifton L. Moore Kurgaw 

Pender Mrs. Jephtha Casey Burgaw 

.Sampson A. McL. Graham Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. Polly Pool Clinton 

Wayne J. Faison Thompson (Soldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. Hugh Dortch Goldsboro 

Fourth District 

Chatham J. S. Wrenn Siler City 

Chatham Mrs. Norman Sharpe Chapel Hill 

Franklin Walter Fuller Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. A. E. Hall Youngsville 

Johnston J. Marvin Creech Smithfield 

Johnston James R. Poole Smithfield 

Johnston Mrs. Maey Hoyle Smithf eld 

Nash 0. B. Moss Spring Hope 

Nash Mrs. B. H. Neville Whitaker 

Nash Miss Bessie Bunn Rocky Mount 

Randolph E. D. Cranford Asheboro 

Randolph Mrs. S. J. Burrow, .Jr Asheboro 

\'ance R. B. Taylor Townsviile 

Vance Mrs. Elizabeth Long Lewis Henderson 

Wake L. S. Brassfield Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. J. M. Broughton Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. L. M. Massey Zebulon 

Wake Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Caswell A. L. Florence Yanceyville 

Caswell Mrs. John A. Woods Star Rt.. Danville. Va. 

Forsyth Mrs. W. 0. Spencer Wiiiston-Salem 

Forsyth James McLean Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Irving Carlyle Win.ston-Salem 

Granville Mrs. D. G. Brumraitt Oxford 

Granville N. E. Cannady Oxford 

Granville W. S. Fleming Oxford 

Person F. D. Long Roxboro 

Person Edward Warren Roxboro 

Rockingham Mrs. Clyde Johnson Mayodan 

Rockingham P. W. Glidewell. 8r Reidsville 

Rockingham I. Hoyt Stultz Draper 

Stokes E. M. Taylor Danhury 

Stokes Marjorie Pepper Danbury 

Surry Charles Neaves Elkin 

Surry Mrs. Raymond Smith Mt. Airy 

Surry Charles Folger Dobson 

Sixth District 

Alaniariie Mrs. J. H. Veinon, Sr Burhngton 

Alamance Adrian M . ( 'arroll Burlington 

Alamance Charles M. Williams Burlington 

Alamance George Bason Burlington 

Durham Mrs. Mary Duke Trent Durham 

Durham Mrs. Rose Lemcrt Durham 

Durham J. S. Stewart Durham 

Durham J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham 

Durham S. B. Brockwell Durham 

Guilford Joe M. Bryan Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Nell R. Boren Greensboro 



158 North Carolina Manual 



' iiiill'iird Eugene G. Shaw Raleigh 

< luilfoni \V. C. Boone nr^eiishoro 

Ouilford 0. A. Kirkman High Point 

'"iiiilforil Mrs. Ruth Dobson High Point 

•''iiillord : Mrs, llollv Johnson High Point 

Orange Mrs. Roland McClamroek Chanel Hill 

Orange R. 0. Forrest Hillsboro 

Seventh District 

Bladen James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Bladen Mrs. Oeorge Currie Clarkton 

Brunswick Mrs. R. H. Holden Shallotte 

Brunswick Amos J. Walton Southport 

("olumbu.s \V. A. Thompson Hallsboro 

Columbus Mrs. .S.i:iy Horton Whiteville 

Columbus Mrs. \\'. S. Edmunds Lake Waccamaw 

Cumberland N. H. McCcachey, Jr Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Dorothy Shue Fa.vetteville 

Cumberland Lester (i. Carter, Jr Fayetteville 

Harnett A. R. Taylor Lillington 

Harnett Mrs. E. H. Lasater Erwin 

New Hanover Alton Lennon Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Tom C.ause Wilmington 

New Hanover C. B. Kornegay Wilmington 

Robeson E. P. Bond Rowland 

Robeson David M. Britt Fairmont 

Robeson Mrs. W. S. Alexander McDonald 

Eighth District 

Anson James A. Hardison Wadesboro 

Davie George Henry Shutt MocksviUe 

Davidson H. D. Townsend Lexington 

Davidson Mrs. Pri.seilla Shore Thomasville 

Hoke J. Benton Thomas Raeford 

Lee H. M. Jackson Sanford 

Lee Rali)h Monger. Jr Sanford 

Montgomery T. Wade Brutoii Troy 

Moore W. P. Saunders Southern Pines 

Moore Mrs. W. G. Brown Carthage 

Richmond J. Thomas Page Rockingham 

Richmond Mrs. Al.ie Meacham Hamlet 

Scotland Tom (1. Neal Laurinburg 

t^'iiion J. Hampton Price Monroe 

Union Mrs. Heath Phifer Marshville 

Wilkes Miss Luch Finley North Wilkesboro 

Wilkes C.C. Faw, Sr North Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Paul Speers Boonville 

Ninth District 

Alexander Harry Miller Stony Point 

Alexander Mrs.R. F. Current Taylorsville 

Alleghany R. F. Crouse Sparta 

Alleghany Mrs. Edna Thompson Sparta 

Ashe Ira L. Johnson Jefferson 

Ashe Elizabeth Hensley West Jefferson 

Cabarrus G. Lee White Concord 

Cabarrus Mrs. H, B. Robertson Kannapolis 

Caldwell V. D. (juire Lenoir 

Caldwell Mrs. Margaret B. Moore Lenoir 

Iredell Mrs. Allen E. Armour Statesville 

Iredell D. D. Nantz, Sr Statesville 

Rowan George R. Uzzell Salisbury 

Rowan Mrs. Spencer Murphy Salisbury 

Stanly W. E. Smith Albemarle 



State Committees, Democratic 159 



Stanly Mrs. Sidney Hearne Albemarle 

Watauga Dr. H. B. Perry Boone 

Watauga Mrs. R. C. Rivers Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery R. T. Lewis Minneapolis 

Avery Miss Hope B. Teaster Minneapolis 

Burke Mrs. Yates Palmer Valdese 

Burke W. C. Hudson Morgan ton 

Burke Miss Lillian Ross Morganton 

Catawba Mrs. Tom Gadd Brookl'ord 

Catawba T. F. Cummings Hickory 

Catawba Hubert Kelly Newton 

Lincoln M. T. Leatherman Lincoln ton 

Lincoln Mrs. R. R. Killian Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg Tom W. Bird Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Robert McDowell Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Ralph Miller Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Walter Craven Charlotte 

Mecklenburg D. M. McConnell Charlotte 

Mecklenburg James W. Armstrong Charlotte 

Mitchell Nathan Yelton Bakersville 

Mitchell Mrs. Frank Ellis. - Spruce Pine 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland Clyde Nolan . .Shelby 

Cleveland 0. M. Mull Shelby 

Cleveland B. T. Falls. Jr Shelby 

Gaston L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

Gaston W. 0. Barrett Mt. Holly 

Gaston Mrs. Virginia Dawsey Gastonia 

Madison Dr. W. A. Sams Marshall 

Madison E. Y. Ponder Marshall 

McDowell Mrs. John A. Poteat Marion 

McDow^ell S. J. Westmoreland Marion 

McDowell .- R. W. Proctor • Marion 

Polk Mrs. Ru.ssell Wolcott Tryon 

Polk •. Mrs. A. A. Thompson Tryon 

Rutherford Charles F. Gold Rutherfordton 

Rutherford Leonard Lowe Forest City 

Rutherford Mrs. Owen Stamey Rutherfordton 

Yancey Mrs. Sam J. Huskins Burnsville 

Yancey Lowe Thomas < irecn Mountain 

Twelfth District 

Buncombe Don S. Elias Asheville 

Buncombe Philip C. Cocke Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. Ruth Goodson Asheville 

Cherokee Mrs. H. A. Mattox Murphy 

Clay Lee Pendland HayesviUc 

Graham VV. E. Turbeville Robbinsville 

Haywood Jerry Rogers : Hazehvood 

Haywood Mrs. Jack West W ■ , ^W'' 

Henderson H. E. Buchanan Hendersonvi e 

Henderson Mrs. .John S. Forest Hendorsonville 

Jackson Dan K. Moore „ ^T" 

Jackson Mrs. Paul A. Reid ^ ullowhee 

Macon J. H. Potts J.'^''H",-n 

Macon Mrs. George Bird West Mill 

Swain Mrs. W. E. Elmore Bryson ( ity 

Swain Mrs. Frank Hyatt Bryson City 

Transylvania Ralph H. Ramsey, Jr Brevard 

Transylvania Mrs. Pat Kinsey Brevard 



160 North Carolina Manual 



EX-OFFino 

President Young Democratic Clulis of 

N. 0. Williim B. Harrison ■. Rocky Mount, 

National Committpeman Robert L. Dou^hton Laurel Springs 

National Commit teewoman Mrs. B. B. Everett Palmyra 



State Democratic Congressional District Executive 

Committee 

1952 

First District 

Beaufort S. M. Blount Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. O. W. Marsh Washington 

Camden .J. W. Cary Camden 

Camden Mrs. P. P. Gregory Camden 

Chowan E. W. Spires Edenton 

Chowan E. N. Elliott ". Tyner 

Currituck Dudley Baiiley Moyock 

Currituck S. .A. Walker Snowden 

Dare C. W. .Mann Manteo 

Dare Robert H. Midgett Manteo 

Gates L. C. Hand Gatesville 

Gates R. E. Miller Gatesville 

Hertford A.W. Green Ahoskie 

Hertford R. H. Underwood Murfreesboro 

Hyde VV. J. Lupton Swan Quarter 

Hyde J. H. Swindell, Jr Swan Quarter 

Martin .• J. H. Gray, Sr Roberson ville 

Martin E. S. Peele Williamston 

Pasquotank J. B. Flora Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. W. C. Dawson Elizabeth City 

Penjuimans C. P. .Morris Hertford 

Perquimans S. M. Whedbee Hertford 

Pitt Gilbert Peele Greenville 

Pitt W. 1. Bispette Griffon 

Tyrrell Julian H. Swain Columbia 

Tyrrell R. L. Spruill Columbia 

Washington E. L. Owens Plymouth 

Washington Harry P. Barnes Plymouth 

Second District 

Bertie J. W. Parker Windsor 

Bertie C. B. C.riffin \\ oodvdle 

Edgecombe C.W. Wickhara Tarboro 

Edgecombe Vinson Bridgers Tarboro 

Greene M. C. Lassiter Snow Xill 

Greene A. H. Jovner Snow Hill 

Halifax Scott Bentoa Roanoke Rapids 

Halifa.x Mrs. L. R. Millikin Halifax 

Lenoir W. Harry Lang Kinston 

Lenoir J. Luke .jackson , Jr Kinston 

Northampton J. I vey Bridgers Conway 

Northampton Mrs. Bennie A. Narvelle Seaboard 

Warren R. W. Thornton Littleton 

Warren W. E. Turner R-2. Henderson 

Wilson Frank Denny \\ dson 

Wilson H. L. Watson \\ ilson 



State Committees, Democratic 161 



Third District 

Carteret I.W.Davis Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. Rnna M. Davis Atlantic 

Craven Jasper Witherington Vandermere 

Craven Mrs. D. L. Ward New Bern 

Duplin A. C. Hall Wallace 

Duplin Mrs. John Robinson Wallace 

Jones John D. Larkins Trenton 

Jones Mrs. R. P. Bender Pollocksvillc 

Wayne Hugh Dortch Ooldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. W. R. Allen Goldshoro 

Fourth District 

Chatham (ieorgc .Andrews Pitt.shoro 

Chatham Mrs. Nell Lane Siler City 

Franklin Charles P. Creen Louisburg 

JYanklin W. T. Pearce, Jr Franklinton 

Johnston F. H. Brooks Smithfieid 

Johnston James A. Wellons, Jr Smithfieid 

Nash Sam Hay worth Rocky .NIount 

Nash Hubert E. May VV'akefield 

Randolph Glenn (iilmore, Jr Julian 

Randolph Eli Sewall Coleridge 

Vance A. A. ZoUicoffer, Jr Henderson 

Vance Sterling Gilliam Henderson 

Wake Banks Arendell Raleigh 

Wake John H . Anderson Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Caswell W. C. Taylor Blanche 

Caswell D. E. Scarborough Yanceyville 

Forsyth E. T. Pullen, Jr Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Paul A. Bennett Winston-Salem 

Granville B. S. Royster, Jr. . '. Oxford 

Granville S. T. Currin Oxford 

Person Jerry Hester Roxboro 

Person J. S. Merritt Roxboro 

Rockingham William Stokes Reidsville 

Rockingham Leon Worsham . . : Ruffin 

Stokes J. P. Donald.son Danbury 

Stokes B.J. Bowles Danbury 

Surry Franklin Folger Elkin 

Surry T. A. Jones Mt. Airy 

Sixth District 

Al amance John H. Vernon Burlington 

A 'amance Curtis Oakes Burlington 

.\'amance Melvin Hern Burlington 

Durham Mrs. Roma Cheek Durham 

Durham W. Robert Murray Durham 

Durham D. B. Martin Durham 

Guilford Joseph P. Shore Greensboro 

Guilford Rov Bowman Greensboro 

Guilford Herman Borroughs High Point 

Orange O.J. Coffin Chapel Hill 

Orange Miss Harritt Herring Chapel Hill 

Orange , L. 0. Hogan R-2. Chapel Hill 

Seventh District 

Bladen C. D. Brisson Dublin 

Bladen C. L. Brady Council 

Brunswick Sam T. Bennett Southport 

Brunswick Mrs. S. Bunn Frink Southport 

Columbus A. F. Powell. Jr ^^ hiteville 

Columbus W. P. Council Wannanish 



162 North Carolina Manual 



Cumberland R. L. Gray, Jr Fayetteville 

(^iimhprland James Johnson Fayetteville 

Harnett Karl M. Wpstbrook Dunn 

Harnett Mrs. W. E. Nichols Coats 

New Hanover R. M. Kermon Wilmington 

New Hanover John J. Burney, Jr Wilmington 

Robeson Grady S. Harrell Shannon 

Robeson Mrs. H. P. Allen Lumberton 

Eighth District 

Anson Barrington D. Hill AVadesboro 

Anson Fulton A. Huntley Wadesboro 

Davidson Charles H. Johnson Thomasville 

Davidson Paul G. Stoner Lexington 

Davie J. B. Cain Cana 

Davie I. G. Roberts RFD, MoeksviUe 

Hoke John A. McGoogan RaefoVd 

Hoke N. H. G. Balfour Raeford 

Lee Robert W. Down Sanford 

Lee Glenn J. Edwards Sanford 

Montgomery Dr. W. D. Harris Troy 

Montgomery Paul Clark Candor 

Moore W. H. Leland McKeithen Pinehurst 

Moore - Mrs. S. L. Windham Aberdeen 

Richmond Mrs. Nancy T. McRae Ellerbe 

Richmond Mrs. Annie V. H. Boes Rockingham 

Scotland J. D. Philliits, Jr Laurinburg 

Scotland J. L. Southerland Laurinburg 

Union ('. McLean I5rooks Monroe 

Union Edith Marsh Monroe 

Wilkes Robert .\L Gamble N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Harold D. Burke N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin R. Bruce Matthews East Bend 

Yadkin Mrs. Mildred L. Stryker Y'adkinviUe 

Ninth District 

Alexander L. P. Zachary Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. T. D. Crouch Stony Point 

Alleghany W. F. Osbourne Sparta 

Alleghany Dillon N. Edwards Sparta 

Ashe Thomas Bevins West Jefferson 

Ashe Wade E. Vannoh West Jefferson 

Cabarrus Dr. J. 0. Nolan Kannapolis 

Cabarrus D. Ray McEacherii Concord 

Caldwell F. H. Hoover Lenoir 

Caldwell E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Iredell D. E. Turner, Jr Mooresville 

Iredell J. T. Lewis, Sr Statesville 

Rowan Paul Swicegood Salisbury 

Rowan Paul V. Phillips Salisbury 

Stanly J. Boger Little Albemarle 

Stanly 0. J. Hikes, Jr Albera rle 

Watauga Frank B. Baird Valle Crucis 

Watauga Grady Moretz Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery Dr. W. D. Tennant Crossnore 

Avery Mrs. Sue Boimer Newland 

Burke A. P. Causby Morganton 

Burke Livingston Vernon Morganton 

Catawba Charlie Bost Conover 

Catawba Jack Bass Hickory 



State Committees, Democratic 163 



Lincoln Joe Ross Lincolnton 

Lincoln A. L. Tait Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg James W. Armstrong Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Ray Farris CharlHte 

Mitchell W. B. Ellis Bandana 

Mitchell Mrs. A. V. Parker Rakersville 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland C. C. Horn Shelby 

Cleveland Jim White Shelby 

Gaston F. H . Cunningham Gastonia 

Gaston Mrs. Rubye D. Rhyne (Jastonia 

Madison J. Clyde Brown Mats Hill 

Madison H. E. Wallin Rt. No. 3, Mar.shall 

McDowell J. \V. Streetman Marion 

McDowell S. R. Perkins Marion 

Polk Jim Durham Columbus 

Polk George Whitehead Tryon 

Rutherford Robert Blanton Forest City 

Rutherford Bruce (Jreen Forest City 

Yancey L. M. Robinson Burnsville 

Yancey Charles Hutchins Burnsville 

Twelfth District 

Buncombe Zeb Weaver, Jr. Asheville 

Buncombe Robert Wells Asheville 

Cherokee Frank Forsyth Murphy 

Cherokee Frank McHaffey Andrews 

Clay Mrs. Scott Beal Hayesville 

Clay Allen J. Bell Hayesville 

Graham '. L. W. Wilson Robbinsville 

Graham W. B. Wiggins Robbinsville 

Haywood Richard Queen Waynesville 

Haywood Clifford Brown Clyde 

Henderson Monroe Redden, Jr Hendersonville 

Henderson E. C. Orr Hendersonville 

Jackson J. M. Reagan Sylva 

Jackson J. A. Bryson Sylva 

Macon Morgan Shackley Franklin 

Macon Mrs. Earl Justice Franklin 

Swain W. T. Martin Bryson City 

Swain W. E. Elmore Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. J. S. Silversteen Brevard 

Transylvania W. W. Britman '. Brevard 



164 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Judicial District Executive Committees 

1952 

EASTERN DIVISION 
First District 

Beaufort Harry McMullan, Jr Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. Jesse Manning Washington 

Camden R. L. Bray Camden 

Camden R. L. Whaley Camden 

Chowan Marvin Wilson Edenton 

Chowan John W. Graham Edenton 

Currituck J. P. Morgan Currituck 

Currituck L. L. Dozier Currituck 

Dare Martin Kellogg Manteo 

Dare Lloyd .Scarhoro Manteo 

dates R. H. Rountree Sunbury 

Gates Hubert Eason Gatesville 

Hyde Geo. T. Davis Swan Quarter 

Hyde Wm. I. Cochran Swan Quarter 

Pasquotank F. T. Horner Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Miles Ferebee Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Walter Oakey, Jr Hertford 

Perquimans C. R. Holmes Hertford 

Tyrrell E. L. Moseley Columbia 

Tyrrell W. C. Cohoon Columbia 

Second District 

Edgecombe Don Gilliam, Jr Tarboro 

Edgecombe W. R. Felton Tarboro 

Martin Clarence (iriffin Williamston 

Martin N. C. (ireen Williamston 

Nash J.N. Sills Nashville 

Nash I. D. Thorp Rocky Mount 

Washington W. Blount Rodman Plymouth 

Washington Z. V. Norman Plymouth 

Wilson Wiley L. Lane Wilson 

Wilson Harry Finch Wilson 

Third District 

Bertie E. R. Tyler Roxobel 

Bertie L. D. Perry Windsor 

Halifax CD. Moss RFD, Enfield 

Halifax R. T. Beale Enfield 

Hertford J. W. Copeland Murfreesboro 

Hertford '. J. Carlton Cherry Ahoskie 

Northampton R. H. Johnson Conway 

Northampton R. R. Harris, Jr Seaboard 

Vance Bennett H. Perry Henderson 

Vance J. C. Cooper, Jr Henderson 

Warren John M. Picot Littleton 

Warren R.N. Bright Warrenton 

Fourth District 

Chatham Lee Moody Slier City 

Chatham Mrs, Clarkson Woody Pittsboro 

Harnett D. C. Wilson Dunn 

Harnett Neill Salmon Lillington 

Johnston W. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Johnston Raeford Oliver Smithfield 

Lee Gabe Holmes Sauford 

Lee D. B. Teague Sanford 

Wayne Dortch Langston Goldsboro 

Wayne CO. Whitley Mt. Olive 



State Committees, Democratic 165 



Fifth District 

Carteret Luther Hamilton Morf head City 

Carteret Mrs. Sam Adler Morehead City 

Craven John A. Simpson Xew Berii 

Craven Miss Theresa Shipp New Bern 

Greene Geo. E. Edwards Snow Hill 

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hil 1 

Jones G. R. Hughes Trenton 

Jones Miss Bessie Whitakers Trenton 

Pamlico B. B. HoUowell Bayboro 

Pamlico Mrs. Phoebe Campen Alliance 

Pitt J. D. Cannon Ayden 

Pitt J. \V. H. Roberts Greenville 

Sixth District 

Duplin R. D. Johnson, Jr Warsaw 

Duplin Vance Gavin Kenansville 

Lenoir A. H. Jefferies Kinston 

Lenoir Forrest Waller Kinston 

Onslow Clyde Sabiston Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. Christian Day Jacksonville 

Sampson H. H. Hubbard Clinton 

Sampson W. T. Britt Turkey 

Seventh District 

Franklin W. L. Lumpkin Louisburg 

Franklin Hill Yarborough Louisburg 

Wake A. L. Purrington Raleigh 

Wake Col. W. T. Joyner Raleigh 

Eighth District 

Brunswick R. H. Holden Shallotte 

Brunswick Mrs. Cornelius Thomas Winnabow 

Columbus J. K. Powell Whitevillc 

New Hanover Qeeiwon Hewett, Jr Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. William Benway Carolina Beach 

Pender John J. Best Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. J. F. Howard Hampstead 

Ninth District 

Bladen Edward B. Clark Elizabethtown 

Bladen Leon D. Smith Elizabethtown 

Cumberland Coy Brewer Fayetteville 

Cumberland Malcolm McQueen Fayetteville 

Hoke Charles Hostetler Raeford 

Hoke H. W. B. Whitley Raeford 

Robeson John N. Campbell Lumberton 

Robeson Mrs. I. M. Biggs Lumberton 

Tenth District 

Alamance Eugene A. Gordon Burlington 

Alamance H. Clay Hemric Burlington 

Alamance Barney P. Jones Burlington 

Durham M. H. Thompson Durham 

Durham Thomas Sawyer Durham 

Durham E. R. Williamson Durham 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Granville W. B. Crews O.xford 

Orange B. D. Sawyer Chapel Hill 

Orange W. S. Stewart Chapel Hill 

Orange Jerry Stone Hillsboro 

Person R. B. Dawes Roxboro 

Person Richard Long Roxboro 



166 North Carolina Manual 



WESTERN DIVISION 
El-aventh District 

Allechany Worth Folder Snarta 

Alleghany P. C. Collins Sparta 

Ashe Mrs. Edwin Anderson West Jefferson 

Ashe J. J. Miller West Jefferson 

Forsyth Earl McMichael Winston-Salem 

Forsyth W. Penn Sandridge Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District 

Davi'lso:i Frank G. (Iray Thomasville 

Uavi'ison Vi'. 11. Stee 1 Thomasville 

Davidson Wade PhiUijis Lexington 

Guilford Mrs. R. Kennedy Harris Greensboro 

(Juilford A. W. Sajip Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Hunter Dalto.n. Sr Hi^b Point 

Thirteenth District 

Anson Avery Hightower Wadesboro 

Anson Fred Cox Wadesboro 

Moore W. Lamont Brown Southern Pines 

Moore U. F. Spence Carthage 

Richmond J. Elsie Webb Ellerbe 

Richmond Mrs. Isabel Putnam Hamlet 

Scotland James W. Mason Laurinburg 

Scotland Dougald Stewart Laurinburg 

Stanly Henry Darby, Jr Albemarle 

Stanly P. D. Lowder Albemarle 

Union Frank GrifBn Monroe 

Union R. P. Stegall Marshville 

Fourteenth District 

Gaston Willis Smith Belmont 

Gaston J. Mack Holland, Jr Gastonia 

Gaston C. B. Falls. Jr Gastonia 

Mecklenburg David Craig Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Haywood Robbins Charlotte 

Fiftteenth District 

Alexander A. C. Payne .Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. J. C. Connelly Taylorsville 

Cabarrus Robert Warren Concord 

Cabarrus J. C. Ruthledge Kannapohs 

Iredell Vance Wagner Troutman 

Montgomery Walter Currie Candor 

Montgomery Charles Dorsett Mt. Gilead 

Rewan H. 0. Hoover Statesville 

Rowan P. S. Carlton, Jr Salisbury 

Rowan J. G. Hudson, Jr Salisbury 

Randolph Archie Smith Asheboro 

Randoljih Wm. T. Cripp Asheboro 

Sixteenth District 

Burke Joe K. Byrd Drexel 

Burke J. D. Fitz Morgan ton 

Caldwell J. C. Tolbert Lenoir 

Caldwell W. Clyde Suddereth Lenoir 

Catawba Lock Russell Hickory 

Catawba George Hovey Hickory 

Catawba Marshall Yount Hickory 

Cleveland Horace Kennedy Shelby 

Cleveland Howard Jackson Kings Mountain 

Lincoln Kemp Nixon Lincolnton 

Watauga Wade E. Brown Boone 

Watauga G. H. Winkler Boone 



State Committees, Democratic 167 



Seventeenth District 

Avery Roby Painter Banner Elic 

Avery Mrs. Henrietta Phillips Ingalls 

Davie Rufus B. yaulbrd Mocksville 

Davie Jacob .Stewart Mocksville 

Mitchell B. G. Thomas Rt. No. 1, Spruce Pine 

Mitchell A. H. Byrd Forbes 

Wilkes John Walker N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes H. C. Buchan N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin J. T. Reece Yadkin ville 

Yadkin C. E. Wallace Hamptonville 

Eighteenth District 

Henderson Robert L. Whitmire, Jr Henderson ville 

Henderson W. W. Carpenter, Jr Hendersonville 

McDowell Roy W. Davis Marion 

McDowell Paul Story Marion 

Polk J. T. Arledge .' Tryon 

Polk W. T. Wilkins Tryon 

Rutherford Oscar J. MoDneyham Forest City 

Rutherford CO. Ridings Forest City 

Transylvania Cecil Hill Brevard 

Transylvania E. H. McMahan Brevard 

Yancey Frank Huskins Burnsville 

Yancey William Adkins Burnsville 

Nineteenth District 

Buncombe Sam M. Cathey Asheville 

Buncombe Charles G. Buck Asheville 

Madison A. E. Leake Marshall 

Madison E. Y. Ponder Marshall 

Madison Bernard Brigman Marshall 

Twentieth District 

Cherokee W. D. Whitaker Andrews 

Cherokee * Ralph Moody Murphy 

Clay T. C. Gray Hayesville 

Clay Mrs. Burk Plemmons Hayesville 

Graham Ed Ingram Robbinsville 

Graham W. V. Cooper Robbinsville 

Haywood Grover C. Davis Waynesville 

Haywood John M. Queen Waynesville 

Jackson M. Buchanan III Sylva 

Jackson David M. Hall, Jr Sylva 

Macon Carl Slagle Franklni 

Macon R. S. Jones Franklin 

Twenty-First District 

Caswell W. B. Horton Yanceyville 

Caswell Ralph 0. Vernon Blanche 

Rockingham Floyd Osborne Leaksvi e 

Rockingham J. C Johnson Leaksvdie 

Stokes L. H. VanNoppen ■■■■ ■ .Danbury 

Stokes W. W. Norman Pilot Mountam 

Surry P. D. Wilson Mount Airy 

Surry A. B. Carter Mount Airy 



168 



State S 



<1 




160 




170 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Senatorial Executive Committees 

1952 

First District 

Bertie W. R. Lawrence Colerairi 

Camden H. C. Ferebee Camtlcii 

Chowan A. B. Harless Eden ton 

Currituck R. L. Dowdy Currituck 

Crates : Martin Kellogg, Sr Sunbury 

Hert ford Gordon Maddry Ahoskie 

]'asi|Uotank L. \V. Midyette Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Robert L. Hollowell Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort Mrs. John (Jdcn '. Pinetown 

Dare L. D. Tarkington Manteo 

Hyde Dick O'Neal Swan Quarter 

Martin Paul Roberson Robersonville 

Pamlico James Gatlin Bayboro 

Tyrrell C. R. Chaplin Columbia 

Washington Wm. T. Freeman Plymouth 

Third Distr ct 

Vance George Blacknall Henderson 

Warren Walton Drake Macon 

Fourth District 

Edgecombe Otley Leary Tarboro 

Halifax Henry T. Clark Scotland Neck 

Fifth District 

Pitt County Democratic Executive Committee 

Sixth District 

Franklin W. D. Fuller Wood 

Nash M. F. Morgan Bailey 

Wilson Joe E. Brewer, Jr Wilson 

Seventh District 

Carteret Moses Howard Newport 

Craven John F. Rhodes New Bern 

Greene 

Jones R. P. Bender Pollocksville 

Lenoir : Mrs. Pearl Hardy Kinston 

Onslow Herbert Eastwood Jacksonville 

Eighth District 

Johnston Tom L. Upchuroh Four Oaks 

Wayne Russell Kirby Fremont 

Ninth District 

Duplin Heddie Blanton , Wallace 

New Hanover Allan Marshall Wilmington 

Pender T. J. Henry Rocky Point 

Sampson Gordon W. Love Garland 

Tenth District 

Bladen Sloan Council White Oak 

Brunswick Mrs. A. J. Walton, Jr Ash 

Columbus Walter H. Powell Whiteville 

Cumberland L. W. Allen Fayetteville 



State Committees, Democratic 171 



Eleventh District 

Robeson County Democratic Executive Committee 

Twelfth District 

Harnett V. S. Baggett Lillington 

Hoke Harry Greene Raeford 

Moore J. Hubert McCaskill Pinehurst 

Randolph Wm. M. Richardson, Jr Rindleman 

Thirteenih Oisfricl 

Chatham Daniel L. Bell Pittsboro 

Lee Dr. J. H. Byerly SanforJ 

Wake Mrs. R. N. .Simms, Jr Raleigh 

Fourteenth District 

Durham Wilbur Hobby Durham 

(Iranville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Person . . . ' J. W. ( Jreen Roxboro 

Fifteenth District 

Caswell John 0. Gunn - Yanceyville 

Rockingham J.C.Brown Madison 

Sixteenth District 

.\lamancc W. S. Harris, Sr Mebane 

Orange J. B. Eskridge Hillshoro 

Seventeenth District 

Guilford County Democratic E.xecutive Committee 

Eighteenth District 

Davidson Jesse L. Greene RFD, Thomasville 

Montgomery J. A. Burt Biscoe 

Richmond Zeb V. Morgan Hamlet 

Scotland C. L. Jones Laurinburg 

Ninetscnth District 

Anson Bennett Edwards . Wadesboro 

Stanly Crayton C. Efird Albemarle 

Union 

Twentieth District 

Mecklenburg County Democratic Executive Committee 

Twenty-First District 

Cabarrus C. N. Brown Kannapolis 

Rowan Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

Twenty-Second District 

Forsyth County Democratic Executive Committee 

Twenty-Third District 

.Stokes W. F. Marshall Wanut Cove 

Surry R. J. Harris Pilot Mouutam 

Twenty-Fourth District 

Davie E. Carl latum Cooleemee 

Wilkes Harrv Summars N. Wdkesboro 

Yadkin Fred J. Brandon Yadkmville 



172 North Carolina Manual 



Twenty-Fifth District 

Catiiwba 

Irpdell Sam (1. Hall Statesville 

Lincoln W . H. Childs, Sr Lincolnton 

Twenty-Sixth District 

( lastori County Democratic Executive Committee 

Twenty-Seventh District 

Cleveland C H. Hendricks Shelby 

McDowell E.J. House, Jr Marion 

Rutherford Charles Dalton Spindale 

Twenty-Eighth District 

Alexander Harvey Willett Hidnite 

Burke C. H. Crabtree Mnrganton 

Caldwell Earl H. Tate Lenoir 

Burke Jack B. Kirksey Morgan ton 

Twenty-Ninth District 

.'Alleghany Alton Thompson Sparta 

Ashe W. B. Austin Jefferson 

Watauga S. P". Horton Boone 

Thirtieth District 

Avery J. F. Hampton Linvill 

Madison Mrs. John Sprinkle Rt. No. 1, Marshall 

Mitchell R. B. Phillips Toecane 

Yancey Tom Edge Micaville 

.\very Mrs. George M. Bowman Elk Park 

Madison Glenn Reems Rt. No. 1, Marshall 

Yancey T. A. Buchanan Burnsville 

Thirty-First District 

Buncnnibe County Democratic Executive Committee 

Thirty-Second District 

Haywood Henry Clayton Waynesville 

Henderson Mrs. L. A. Blair HeudersonvilJe 

Jackson Oscar Lovedahl Sylva 

Polk Les Barnette Tryon 

Polk Craig Thompson Tryon 

Transylvania V. P. Clement Brevard 

Thirty-Third District 

Cherokee Richard Mauney Murphy 

Clay \V. T. Hunt, Jr Hayesville 

Graham James Barrett Robbinsville 

Swain T. A, Sandlin Bryson City 

Macon 



State Committees, Democratic 



173 



State Solicitorial District Executive Committees 

1952 



First District 



EASTERN DIVISION 



Beaufort Elizabeth Warren Washington 

Beaufort James Younce Belhaveu 

Camden Ashton Learv Camden 

Camden W. F. Williams Camden 

Chowan E. W. Hooper Eden ton 

Chowan J.N. Prudeii Eden ton 

Currituck E. R. Johnson Currituck 

Currituck Worth Guard Currituck 

Dare Lennon Hooi)er Manteo 

Dare Pennell Tillet Manteo 

Gates C. P. Hathaway Gatesville 

Gates W. L. .4skew Gatesville 

Hyde E. A. Williams Swan Quarter 

Hyde Russell A. Swindell Swan Quarter 

Pasquotank W. F. Thomp.son Elizabeth Citv 

Pasquotank J. F. Ferrell Elizabeth Citv 

Perquimans A. W. Hefren Hertford 

Perquimans Charles Johnson Hertford 

Tyrrell C. E. .Morris Columbia 

Tyrrell H. T. Davenport Columbia 

Second District 

Edgecombe Mabrv Bass, Jr Tarboro 

Edgecombe W. S. Clark, Jr Tarboro 

Martin Hugh G . Horton Williamston 

Martin Joe Winslow Roberson ville 

Nash L. L. Davenport Nashville 

Nash R. W. Jones Bailev 

Washington Howard Walker Plymouth 

Washington CaH Bailey, Jr Plymouth 

Wilson Talmadge Narron Wilson 

Wilson Walter J. Pittman Wilson 



Third District 

Bertie 

Bertie 

Hahfax 

Halifax 

Hertford 

Hertford 

Northampton . 
Northampton . 

Vance 

Vance 

Warren 

Warren 



.W. L.Cooke 

. H. B. Spruill Windsor 

. R. Hunter Pope Enfield 

.Mrs. Robert Shields Scotland Neck 

.J. B. Burden Aho.skie 

. M. E. Whiteford Ahoskio 

. W. H. S. Burgwyn, Jr Woodland 

. E. N. Riddle .Jackson 

.A. A. Buiin , Henderson 

.John H. Zollicoffer Henderson 

. C. C. Britton Roanoke Rupids 

. Mrs. C. E. Thompson Littleton 



Fourth District 

( 'hatham J. B. Wood Siler City 

I 'hatham Mrs. Elizabeth Blair Pittsboro 

Harnett Mrs. H. C. Strickland Augier 

Harnett H. S. Holloway Fuquay Springs 

Johnston Woodrow Massengill Four Oaks 

Johnston L. P. Creech Pine Level 

Lee S. Ray Byerly Sanlord 

Lee Dela F. Harris Sauford 

Wayne J. E. Bizzell Goldsboro 

Wayne Needham Outlaw Goldsboro 



174 North Carolina Manual 



Fifth District 

Cirtcret James D. Potter Beaufort 

(-arteret Mrs. C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Oaven Lawrence E. Lacaiister Vanecl.oro 

Craven Mrs. N. C. Reed New Bern 

(jreene Frank L. Walston Snow Hdl 

Creene Jos Horton Snow Hill 

[ones ' ' D. W. Koonce Trenton 

Jones' ' Miss Julia Whitty PoUocksvdle 

Pamlico 7- V. Rawls Bayboro 

Pamlico Mrs. T. H. Tmgle „Arapahoe 

Pitt (". D. Langston Winterville 

Pitt! C.W. Everette Bethel 

Sixth District 

Duiiliii ("arlton Precythe Faison 

Duplin Mrs. Winnie Wells Wallace 

Lenoir J. A. Jones Kinston 

Lenoir P- H. Crawford. Jr Kinston 

Onslow Henry Tolson ^ Vanceboro 

Onslow Mrs. Dollie Burton Jacksonville 

Sampson W. B. Sutton : Faison 

Sampson Mrs. A. N. Johnson Garland 

Seventh District 

Franklin Edward F. Yarboroussh I.ouisburg 

Franklin Mrs. Martha Ray Speed Louisburg 

Wake Charles H. Young Raleigh 

Wake Bourke Bilisoly Wende'l 

Eighth District 

Bruns;vick Mrs. H. W. Hood So .thport 

Brunswick Roy Walden ,^,?uHi'""',^' 

Columbus ; Lee Greer ))ru) ''''!, 

Columbus Mrs. Robert Schulken WhiteviUe 

New Hanover Mrs. Hannah Black ^\ ilmiugton 

New Hanover Stuart F. Collins \\ ilmmgton 

Pender Ma.\ Williams Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. Inez Vick Atkinson 

Ninth District 

Bladen R- S. Hester, Jr Elizabethtown 

Bladen ::::::.:.: B. E. CarroU ^ . Dublin 

Cumberland R. Glenn Cobb Fayettevi e 

Cumberland Mrs. L. L. Guv Fayetteyille 

Hoke G. B. Rowland Raelord 

Hoke' ' Walter Baker Raelord 

Robeson.' Mark Prevatt • Fairmont 

Robeson Mrs. Dan B. Floyd Lumberton 

Tenth District 

Alamance Wallace Gee. ;. . (iraham 

Alamance M. Glenn Pickard Burhngton 

Durham T. R. Bayne Durham 

Durham A. D. Atwater S"'^''™ 

Durham Mrs. Phillip Handler ^,!^''r^°; 

Granville T. G. Stemm ^..O.xford 

Granville T. W. A len ^'^'""^^^Z 

Orange L- J- Phipps Chape Hi 

Orange Mrs. W. M. Sykes Chapel Hill 

Person.'.' ::;:::::.: R. B. Dawes Roxboro 

Person R- P- Burns Roxboro 



State Committees, Democratic 175 



WESTERN district 
Eleventh District 

Alli'shany Irene R. Irwin Sparta 

Allefrhany Arthur Green Ennice 

Ashe Mrs. B. W. Tinqman West Jefferson 

Ashe R. W. Barr • West Jefferson 

Forsyth Ernie Shore Whiston-Salem 

Forsyth Hosca Price Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District 

Davidson J. Lee Wilson Lexington 

Davidson Grant Harris Thomasville 

Davidson George Lyndon Denton 

Guilford lack Kleeraier Greensboro 

Guilford E. C. McLean Greensboro 

Guilford Amos Kerns High Point 

Thirtienth District 

Anson Moran D. McLendon, Jr Wadesboro 

Anson Paul Kitchen Wadesboro 

Moore M. M. Chappell Vass 

Moore E.J. Burns Carthage 

Richmond Mrs. Robie Webb EUerhc 

Richmond Walter Lambley Rockingham 

Scotland Charles W. Barrett Laurinburg 

Scotland Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

Stanly R. L. Brown, Jr Albemarle 

Stanly Hurbert Lentz Norward 

Union Max Thomas Marshvillc 

Union R. W. Howey Mineral Springs 

FourtBenth District 

Gaston John Wilkins ■. .Gastonia 

Gaston P. C. Froneberger Gastonia 

Gaston Frank P. Cnoke Gastonia 

Mecklenburg Hugh McCauley Charlotte 

Mecklenburg . . : Ray Farris Charlotte 

Fifteenth District 

Alexander Loy Whittenbery Taylorsvillc 

Alexander Mrs. Solow Moose Taylorsvillc 

Cabarrus Bedf or Black Kannapolis 

Cabarrus E.J. Irvin Concord 

Iredell P. S. Fimister Olive 

Iredell Roy TiUey Statesville 

Montgomery George Scott « Star 

Montgomery Garland Garris Troy 

Rowan Robert M. Davis China Grove 

Rowan Archie Rufty Salisbury 

Randolph Fred Thomas Ramseur 

Randolph Nancy Finch Trinity 

Sixteenth District 

Burke Carl Baker Drcxel 

Burke Col. Charles M. Walton Morgan ton 

Caldwell Dr. Dennis Cook Lenoir 

Caldwell Ben Beach .' Lenoir 

Catawba Stanley Corne Newton 

Catawba Mrs. L. L. Hurley Newton 

Cleveland J. A. West Shelby 

Cleveland Jack White Casar 

Lincoln Arnold Tarr Lincolnton 

Watauga Mrs. J. H. Thomas Booue 

Watauga Jack E. Edminten Boone 



176 North Carolina Manual 



Seventeenth District 

Avery H. W. Wall Newland 

Avery Mrs. Ruby Julian Elk Park 

Davie Nick Marido Mocksville 

Davio C'lordon Tomliiison Mocksville 

Mitchrll Hi'x (). Wilson Spruce Pine 

Mitchell V. D. Hensley Bakersville 

Wilkes Max Ferrel N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes J. R- Rousseau N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Rickett Holcomb Yadkinv'Ue 

Yadkin Ed Speers Boonville 

Eighteenth District 

Henderson Robert L. Whitmire, Jr Hendersonville 

Henderson W. W. Carpenter, Jr Hendersonville 

McDowell W. D. Lonon Marion 

McDowell 0. F. Adkins Marion 

Polk R. E. Brantley Tryon 

Polk Robert McFarland Columbus 

Rutherford A. C. Taylor Forest City 

Rutherford James H. Burwell Spindale 

Transylvania Cecil Hill Brevard 

Transylvania E. H. McMahan Brevard 

Yancey James ProtStt Bald Creek 

Yancey Lee Griffith Bunisville 

Nineteenth District 

Buncombe Sam M. Cathey Asheville 

Buncombe Charles O. Buck Asheville 

Madison A. E. Leake Marshall 

Madison J. Clyde Brown Marshall 

Madison E. Y. Ponder Marshall 

Twentieth District 

Cherokee \\'. D. Whitaker Andrews 

Cherokee Ralph Moody Murphy 

Clay T. C. Gray Hayesville 

Clay Mrs. Burk Plemmons Hayesville 

Graham Ed Ingram Robbinsville 

Graham W. V. Cooper Robbinsville 

Haywood John M. Queen Waynesville 

Haywood Grover C. Davis , Waynesville 

Jackson M. Buchanan III Sylva 

Jackson David M. Hall, Jr Sylva 

Macon Carl Slagle Franklin 

Macon R. S. Jones Franklin 

Swain ". Bob Wiggins Bryson City 

Swain Herman Edwards Bryson City 

Twenty-First District 

Caswell W. L. Boone RFD No. 2, Elon College 

Rockingham T. P. Van Noppen Madison 

Rockingham R. P. Wright Reidsville 

Stokes Leigh Rodenbough Danbury 

Stokes H. P. Loftis Danbury 

Surry J'lhn Llewellyn Dobsoii 

Surry ; Wilson Barber Mt. Airy 



State Committees, Democratic 177 

COUNTY CHAIRMEN— DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE 

COMMITTEE 

1952 

County Chairman Address 

Alamance D. K. Muse Mebane 

Alexander \V. 8. Patterson Stony Point 

Alleghirny R. F. C'rouse Sparta 

Anson James A. Hardison Wadesboro 

Ashe W. D. McMillan West Jefferson 

Avery R. T. Lewis Minneapolis 

Beaufort Malcolm C. Paul Washington 

Bertie John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Bladen Robert J. Hester, Jr .' Elizabethtown 

Brunswick R. E. Bellamy Shallotte 

Buncombe Pat M. Burdett Asheville 

Burke Jack B. Kirksey Morganton 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost. Jr Concord 

Caldwell James C. Farthing Lenoir 

Camden Dempsey B. Burgess Shiloh 

Carteret Irvin W. Davis Beaufort 

Caswell Clarence L. Pemberton Yanceyville 

Catawba Emmett C. Willis Hickory 

Chatham Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Cherokee James Bryson Marble 

Chowan Lloyd E. driffiii Edenton 

Clav Neal R. Kitchens Haycsville 

Cleveland C. C. Horn Shelby 

Columbus W. Avery Thompson Hallsboro 

Craven , William F. Ward New Bern 

Cumberland H. R. Clark FayetteviUe 

Currituck 8. A. Walker Snowden 

Dare M. L. Daniels Manteo 

Davidson Beamer Barnes Lexington 

Davie Gordon Tomilson Mocksville 

Duplin F. W. McGowen Kenansville 

Durham J. Leslie Atkins. Jr Durham 

Edgecombe George M. Fountain Tarboro 

Forsyth Spruill Thornton Winston-Salem 

Franklin Walter E. Fuller Louisburg 

Gaston L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

Gates Martin Kellog. Sr Sunbury 

Graham C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hill 

Guilford Frank R. Hutton Greensboro 

Halifax W. Bernard Allsbrook Roanoke Rajiids 

Harnett \V. A. Johnson Lillington 

Haywood Charles B. McCrary Clyde 

Henderson M. M. Redden Hendersonville 

Hertford ... D. C. Barnes Murfreesboro 

Hoke Dr. Walter P. Baker Raeford 

Hyde W. J. Lupton Swan Quarter 

Iredell John F. Long Stitesville 

Jackson Marcellus Buchanan III Sylva 

Johnston Ed L. White Pine Level 

Jones John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Lee Ralph Monger, Jr Sanford 

Lenoir Fred A. Whitaker Kinslon 

Lincoln Thomas E. Rhodes Lincolnt()n 

Macon Jess Shope Franklin 

Madison F. E. Freeman Marshall 

Martiu James H. Gray. Sr Robcrson ville 



3 78 North Carolina Manual 



McDowell S. J. Westmoreland Marion 

Mecklenburg David McOoniiel Charlotte 

Mitchell C. I. Yelton Bakersville 

Montgomery Ernest King, Jr Troy 

Moore W. Leland McKeithan Pinehurst 

Nash Hubert E. May Nashville 

New Hanover Alan Marshill Wilmington 

Northampton Buxton Midyette Jackson 

Onslow Thomas J. Marshall Jacksonville 

Orange Mrs. C. W. Stanford Chapel Hill 

Pamlico J. C. Wiley Orantsboro 

Pasquotank N. E. Aydlett EHzabeth City 

Pender T. A. Smith Atkinson 

Perquimans . Wm. F. Ainsley Hertford 

Person R. B. Dawes Roxboro 

Pitt John G. Clark Greenville 

Polk ; W. H. McDonald Tryon 

Randolph James R. York Asheboro 

Richmond Clyde H. Causey Rockingham 

Robeson E. M. Johnson Lumberton 

Rockingham Jule McMichael Reidsville 

Rowan \\'alter H. \A'oodson, Jr ; . . . Salisbury 

Rutherford Charles G. Dalton Spindale 

Sampson Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Scotland Thomas J. Gill Laurinburg 

Stanly R. Ray Ingram Albemarle 

Stokes R. J. Scott Danbury 

Surry Frank Freeman Dobson 

Swain LB. Jenkins Bryson City 

Transvlvani.1 W. \^'. Brittain Brevard 

Tyrrell D.'V. Pledger, Jr Columbia 

Union Oscar L. Richardson Monroe 

Vance Brooks R. Wyche Henderson 

Wake J. W. Bunn Raleigh 

Warren John Kerr, Jr WarrentO!i 

Washington C. L. Bailey Plymouth 

Watauga W. R. Winkler Boone 

Wayne J. T. Flythe Mt. Olive 

Wilkes C. Watson Brame North Wilkesboro 

Wilson Luke Lamb Wilson 

Yadkin Paul Siieer, Sr Boonville 

Yancey Woodrow Anglin Burnsville 



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE 
PLATFORM 1952 

Issued by 

NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE COMMITTEE 

Charlotte, North Carolina 

We, the Republicans of North Carolina, in Convention duly 
assembled in the City of Charlotte, on March 18, 1952, i-ededicate 
our Party to the service of our State and our Nation. We submit 
herewith to the people of North Carolina the following statement 
of our beliefs and objectives. 

Six and one-half years ago we had just concluded the bloodiest 
war in history. More than THIRTEEN MILLION Americans 
wore our country's uniform during that war. One out of every 
thirteen becatne a casualty. That war consumed much of the 
treasure of this country and today we find ourselves pei'ilously 
low on essential raw materials of various kinds. We spent a 
QUARTER OF A TRILLION dollars of cash. 

We made this sacrifice of the youth of our land and this prodigal 
expenditure of money and property without reward or hope of 
reward and without any purpose except the hope and desire that 
men might once again be free and that PEACE might reign in the 
world. 

When the war ended the administration dismantled our military 
machines, abandoned much of our material in the waste places of 
the world, disposed of the remainder at a fraction of its cost — 
often to persons with an inside track to the source of authority — 
put our ships in moth balls, and placed our hopes and dreams of 
peace in the hands of a product of the Political Machine of Kansas 
City. He and his advisors have been in unlimited control of our 
foreign policy since the end of the war. 

It is inventory taking time once again and the people have a 
right to inquire what these trustees of our interests have done 
with our country since hostilities ended. We have a right to de- 
mand an accounting, and Republicans will see that such account- 
ing is made during the forthcoming campaign. 

This we already know. They managed to destroy our hopes and 
dreams of peace in just FIVE YEARS. 

179 



180 North Carolina Manual 

By seeking to force Chiang Kai-shek to take Communists into 
his government and, when he refused, by invoking an embargo 
on military supplies from this country, they contributed to the 
liquidation of the Chinese Nationalist Armies and thereby made it 
possible for the Reds to overrun China. When called to book on 
the folly of thus turning our backs upon our gallant Chinese 
friends who had been fighting Japan for eight years, and to the 
danger to ourselves inherent in a policy which would open up the 
entire Eastern Hemisphei-e to Communist infiltration, they com- 
forted themselves with the fanciful illusion that if the Commu- 
nists should take over China they would not know what to do with 
it, and that, after all, the Chinese Communists were not Com- 
munists at all but simply Agarian reformers. 

Now we are engaged in a war thousands of miles from home 
and American boys will die this day as the administration belatedly 
seeks to salvage something from the debacle caused by its own 
failures and mistakes. Already we have sustained more than 
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND casualties— 1/lOth as many as 
we suffered during the entire period of World War II. 

So, in all honesty, it must be said that in the vital responsi- 
bility of preserving the peace we won at such sacrifices in men 
and property, our leadership has failed. 

This nation cannot aff"ord such failures. We must take heed 
of our failures and profit from our experiences or invite disaster. 
The American people, in their own interest, must weigh our leader- 
ship in the balance and, if found wanting, must discard it. If we 
sit supinely by in this YEAR OF DECISION and permit our 
present leadership to lead us to destruction, we will deserve the 
fate that is in store for us. 

It is not the prerogative of the Republican Party of North 
Carolina to formulate the policies of the Republican Party of the 
nation. However, we do have the right and privilege of stating 
our position on the issues of the day. For that purpose, there- 
fore, we recommend that the Chicago Convention in July make a 
pledge to tlie people to do these things if returned to leadership 
in November: 

1. Enunciate a firm and positive foreign policy which will be 
followed and let the American people in on the secret of what it is. 

2. Stop deficit spending and balance the budget by drastic re- 
duction of government spending. 



Republican Platform 181 

3. Reorganize the federal bureaucracy along the lines of the 
Hoover Commission recommendations, and thus eliminate useless 
and over-lapping bureaus and commissions and save the burdened 
taxpayer from ruin. 

4. Provide adequate facilities and competent care for disabled 
veterans. 

5. Reestablish honesty and morality in national government. 

6. Stop the steady drift toward Socialism in this country. 

7. Discard the false and cruel fiction that government should 
be the master rather than the servant of the people. 

8. Restore the faith of the people in the virtues of free enter- 
prise. 

9. Encourage the young people of this land to know and believe 
that courage, self-reliance, initiative, industry, thrift and deter- 
mination on the part of the builders of the Republic are the things 
that have made our country great. 

10. Declare that the most important job facing Americans in 
1952 is to keep our country strong, solvent and free. 

Here and now we call upon the people of North Carolina, who 
put country above party, to join with us who love this land in a 
crusade to save Ameiica. 

State Affairs 

For 50 years the Democratic Party has held complete control of 
the government of North Carolina. It has sought and assumed 
entire responsibility for the government, education and welfare of 
the people of this state. In doing so it has denied approximately 
one-third of the citizens of North Carolina any voice whatever in 
affairs of State. 

Much is said these days about the mistreatment of minorities in 
various parts of the world. But right here in North Carolina is to 
be found a situation which should bring a blush of shame to any 
fair minded citizen. Outside of the iron curtain countries, we 
challenge anyone to present another example of studied political 
oppression of a minority which will equal that inflicted upon one- 
third of the citizens of this state who compose the Republican 
Party. 



182 North Carolina Manual 

Public Schools 

Take our educational system for example. Control over the 
supervision and administration of the public school system in 
North Carolina is vested by law in a State Board of Education. 
The Democratic Machine in North Carolina refuses to permit a 
single Republican to serve on that board although the question 
of the public schools should not be considered on a political basis 
at all since it concerns all of the people. 

Why are we denied any voice in the operation of the public 
school system? The answer is plain. It is because the Democratic 
Machine wishes to play partisan politics with the public schools of 
North Carolina. Perhaps this is one of the reasons why a recent 
survey disclosed that North Carolina ranked 43rd among 48 states 
in adult illiteracy. Perhaps that is also the reason why so many 
of our public school teachers do not meet the minimum require- 
ment for a standard Class A certificate. 

The situation is equally true respecting public education at the 
local level. Each county has a Board of Education which admin- 
isters the public schools within the county. Nothing is more im- 
portant to the life of any community than its school system. 
Therefore, we believe that the people in the several counties should 
be permitted to select the individuals who are to be in charge of 
the public schools of the county. But that is not the way the 
Democratic politicians who control North Carolina think. They are 
afi'aid to allow the people at home to select the County Boards 
of Education. Instead, the State Legislature in all but a few 
cases appoints the members of the various County Boards of Edu- 
cation. 

Why is this done? The answer is obvious. It is because the 
Democratic Machine that dominates this state expects the Legis- 
lature to continue to be Democratic while 36 counties of the State 
are either Republican or so close that some Republicans would 
be elected to County Boards of Education if the people were per- 
mitted to elect the members. If that should happen, it might 
jeopardize the political control the machine exercises over the 
public school systems in the Republican and close counties of this 
State. 

Perhaps that is the reason why a Commission of the National 
Education Association of the United States, which recently con- 



Republican Platform 183 

ducted a study of conditions in Madison County, made the follow- 
ing comments in its written indictment of the deplorable condi- 
tions which exist in the public schools of that county: 

"Unfortunately politics of the machine variety has been a defi- 
nite force contributing' to the dismissal of teachers in Madison 
County during recent years. . . . Testimony before this investigat- 
ing committee revealed a number of cases in which teachers have 
been 'let out' because they did not vote right or because they 
refused to contribute to the Democratic Campaign fund. . . . The 
North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation has collected a large 
file of affidavits and cancelled checks from school teachers showing 
instances in which they had to 'pay up or get out'. . . . According 
to an article in the Raleigh News & Observer, March 11, 1950, 
Governor Scott stated that the checks ranged from $25.00 to 
$300.00. In three or four he reported that the practice of giving 
kickbacks exists on a county wide basis. ... It should be noted 
that these cases of demands for political contributions from teach- 
ers appear to be concentrated in the counties with Republican 
majorities. . . . North Carolina law now on the statute books per- 
mits and even invites political dominance of the public school 
system." 

State Highway Commission 

When the state first inaugurated a State Highway system, and 
when the politicians needed the support of the Republicans of the 
state to get the program adopted and the bonds approved, the 
State Highway Commission was set up on a non-partisan basis. 
But the MACHINE soon learned that great political benefits 
could be derived from partisan control of this commission through 
the tremendous power it exerts over the lives of the people in 
the location of highways, the surfacing and repair of roads and the 
employment of hundreds of maintenance workers. 

So far many years not a single Republican has been a member 
of the State Highway Commission and today the MACHINE uses 
this agency of government as an adjunct of the party in power. 

Gerrymandering 

People often inquire why it is that the Republicans do not elect 
several Congressmen from this state since they poll about one- 
thii-d of the total vote in election after election. The answer to 



184 North Carolina Manual 

this question is simple and obvious: The Democratic Machine has 
so f^errymandered the state by splitting up the strong Republican 
sections and combining them with Democratic strongholds that in 
normal times it is almost impossible to elect a Republican. By 
manipulating the voting populations of the state, the machine is 
able to thwart the will of the people in strong Republican sections 
of the state. 

The same situation exists with respect to State Senatorial 
Districts, 

Judiciary 

But the Democratic Machine in North Carolina has improved 
on the technique of gerrymandering. They have carried the art to 
greater lengths than it has ever been taken before. We assert 
that few, if any, civilized states other than North Carolina have 
ever dared to gerrymander JUDICIAL DISTRICTS. But that is 
exactly what the machine has done in this state. Take the 11th 
and 17th Judicial Districts for example. They are not even com- 
posed of contiguous territory. We do not believe this situation 
can be duplicated anywhere else in the civilized world. It is some- 
thing that fair minded people just don't do. There should be 
something sacred in the administration of justice in the courts. 
Politics are supposed to be banned from the field of judicial ad- 
ministration. Yet we have in North Carolina a political party so 
entrenched in power that it dares to defy all standards of de- 
cency in setting up the machinery to dispense justice through the 
Courts. 

And in still another way the party in power in this state shows 
that it is afraid to allow the people freedom of choice in the selec- 
tion of the members of the Judiciary. Although Superior Court 
Judges are nominated in the primaries in districts where they 
reside, in the general election they are elected by the voters of 
the state at large. Why is this done? The answer is simple and 
obvious. It is to make it impossible for the Republican 17th Ju- 
dicial District and other close districts ever to elect a Superior 
Court Judge. 

Election Laws 

Another example of political oppression in North Carolina can 
be found in our election laws. These laws are deliberately de- 



Republican Platform 185 

signed to deny a free ballot to the citizens of the state and to per- 
petuate a partisan advantage. Just one example need be cited to 
prove this point. To vote, one must first register. All Registrars 
are Democrats. If you are a Republican you must go to the elec- 
tion precinct at a time when the Registrar is there and register 
in person. But in close counties, or in Republican Counties that 
the Machine is trying desperately to win, the Registrars go about 
over the county registering the Democrats at their homes. 

Absentee Ballot 

And in the manipulation of the absentee ballot law, the machine 
has an almost sure way of gathering in large numbers of votes 
that otherwise would not be available. The scandals disclosed in 
recent years in the use of the absentee ballot law became so dis- 
graceful that the people became enraged and demanded its aboli- 
tion. But when the Legislature got around to acting upon the 
demands and finished their handiwork, lo and behold they had 
abolished absentee voting in primaries but retained it for use in 
general elections. This was done on the theory that Democrats 
should not be permitted to manipulate the absentee ballot in pri- 
mary elections against other Democrats but it is all right to do so 
against Republicans in the general elections! 

Other instances could be cited but space will not permit in this 
statement. The illustrations given show the pattern that is being 
used. We believe the people of the State stand for these things 
only because they do not know of them. It is our purpose to do 
everything in our power to bring them to the attention of the 
electorate in the full belief and faith that the people of North 
Carolina are inherently decent, honorable and fair minded. If we 
can but acquaint the people with the facts, we have full confi- 
dence that they will rise up in their might and help us eliminate 
these practices from our public life. 

State Government 

State government is North Carolina's biggest business. The 
cost of operating our state government has increased 16 fold 
during the past 15 years. There are 139 different agencies, bu- 
reaus and commissions which together constitute the vast bu- 
reaucracy which is the state government of North Carolina. 



186 North Carolina Manual 

Way back in 1930 the Brookings Institute made a survey of our 
state government and recommended that the then existing 92 
agencies be consolidated into 16. That report has gathered dust 
for 20 years and no effort has been made to bring about the re- 
forms suggested. On the contrary, there has been an increase of 
47 administrative agencies up to a total of 139 today. Signifi- 
cantly enough, almost all of the progressive states of the nation 
have streamlined their state governments during the past decade 
or so. Only 8 states out of the 48 have failed to take any official 
action looking to greater efficiency and economy of operations dur- 
ing the past 10 years. Of these eight, four had completed reor- 
ganization programs in an earlier period. Only North Carolina 
and three other states have remained static. Under the domina- 
tion of a political machine more interested in perpetuating itself 
in power than in offering the people efficient and economical gov- 
ernment, we have lagged way behind the rest of the nation in this 
regard. No one can estimate how many tax dollars could have 
been saved the burdened taxpayers of North Carolina if we had 
had state administrations more interested in the people than in 
maintaining partisan party control. 

The North Carolina State Constitution is 84 years old. One of 
the vital needs of our state is a constitution which will be modern 
and effective in meeting the needs of changed economic and social 
conditions. 

Crime 

Reports of the Federal Bureau of Investigation disclose that 
urban crime trends in 16 states have decreased in recent years. 
But in 18 states, including North Carolina, they have increased. 
One of the important factors contributing to our increasing crime 
rate is the serious weaknesses in our present system of prison 
administration and parole. Most prisoners return to society before 
serving their fvill terms. Therefore, wise prison management 
would utilize the period of service of sentence in providing ade- 
quate educational and industrial training programs designed to 
fit the prisoner for a satisfactory life upon release. But approxi- 
mately %rds of North Carolina prisoners are repeaters. Our dis- 
heartening record in this respect can largely be traced to the policy 
followed by state administrations of placing the problems of prison 
management and the high responsibility of parole on a partisan 



Republican Platform , 187 

political basis. The 1400 prison jobs are awarded on the basis of 
political activity and as rewards for party service. The same is 
true of the personnel in charge of the parole system. One of the 
crying needs of our state is to t.ake the management and operation 
of our prisons and chain gangs, and our parole system, out of the 
hands of politicians and party workers and place them in the hands 
of trained individuals who are interested in doing a good job for 
North Carolina rather than using these positions as rewards for 
the party faithful. 

Education 

The Constitution of North Carolina requires that the state shall 
provide for a general and unifonn system of public schools; that 
the children of the white race and the children of the colored race 
shall be taught in separate schools but there shall be no discrimi- 
nation in favor of or to the prejudice of either race. It was not 
until 1931 that the state partly recognized its responsibility in 
assuming the current expenses of operating the public schools. 
But it has utterly failed to discharge the Constitutional mandate 
to provide a general and uniform system of public schools for negro 
children equal to those provided for white children. A direct 
result of this cynical disregard of the requirement of the Consti- 
tution has been the demand on the part of the Negroes of the 
state for admission to the white schools. But the discrimination 
does not end there. Today there is as much disparity and in- 
equality in educational facilities, buildings and equipment between 
the white children of the various counties as exists between the 
schools of the white and colored races. If the Democratic Party, 
which has been in unlimited control of the state these past 50 
years, had complied with the Constitutional mandate and pro- 
vided equal school facilities for both races, we would not today 
have all this agitation to end segregation and this demand on the 
part of colored youths to enter white educational institutions. 

Moreover, the state still fails to do its full duty by the white 
school children. It has not yet recognized its Constitutional re- 
sponsibility to provide buildings, equipment and other capital fa- 
cilities on an equal basis throughout the state. Many of our coun- 
ties find it impossible under our constitutional debt limitations to 
provide adequate school buildings and facilities. The result is 
serious. The state must fulfill its obligations in this respect. 



188 North Carolina Manual 

North Carolina is in the lower half of the states in classroom 
teacher salaries. In fact we rank 30th among the 48 states in this 
matter. We must reestimate this situation and be willing to pay 
sufficient salaries to those charged with the education of our chil- 
dren to attract efficient and well qualified teachers. If a serious 
effort were made, we could save enough wasted money from the 139 
bureaus of the state to pay our teachers a wage commensurate 
with their responsibility and equal to wages paid for comparable 
work in industry. 

In a sincere eifort to correct the abuses practiced upon the citi- 
zens of the state by an entrenched and ruthless political machine, 
and in an effoi-t to inaugurate much needed reforms in the adminis- 
tration of our state affairs, the Republican Party pledges itself 
to do the following if entrusted to power in the November election: 

1. Adopt an honest and fair election law which will apply to 
primaries and general elections alike; repeal the absentee ballot 
law except for citizens in the armed forces and those who are 
sick and unable to attend the voting place on election day; create 
a bi-partisan State Board of Elections required by law to investi- 
gate and prosecute all election law violations. 

2. Realign Congressional and State Senatorial Districts on a 
fair and equitable basis; eliminate the unconscionable practice 
of gerrymandering Judicial Districts; and take the judiciai-y en- 
tirely out of politics. 

3. Provide for minority representation upon all major Commis- 
sions, Boards and Bureaus. 

4. Take the operation of the State Highway system out of 
partisan politics. 

5. Inaugurate a State Civil Service system and place all em- 
ployees of the state under it. 

6. Provide that members of County Boards of Education be 
elected by the people of the respective counties in non-partisan 
elections, and thus take the operation of the public school system 
entirely out of partisan politics. 

7. Increase exemptions for income tax pui-poses to $2,500.00 
for married persons and to $400.00 for each dependent. Give full 
deduction for hospital and medical bills and a deduction of $500.00 
per year for educational expenses of each dependent attending 
college. 



Republican Platform 189 

8. Assume the Constitutional mandate to provide a general and 
uniform system of public schools for both races, including state 
constiniction, equipment and maintenance of school buildings; re- 
duce class load from 32 pupils per teacher to 30 ; adopt a mini- 
mum salary schedule of $2,600.00 for Class A certified teachers; 
and provide funds for employment of qualified attendance enforce- 
ment personnel and current expense items. 

9. Provide adequate facilities and competent care for the insane, 
orphans and delinquents. 

10. Make a careful study of the entire tax structure of the state 
with a view of eliminating inequalities and providing incentive 
for business venture projects. 

11. Continue the road building program within the limit of the 
capacity of the state's economy. 

12. Adopt a modern state constitution. 

13. Provide the increased and improved services to the people 
as herein indicated by practicing strict economy in administration. 
We believe adequate funds will be available for these sei-vices 
without increasing taxation if there is a complete reorganization 
of the state government and a consequent elimination of useless 
and expensive agencies and bureaus, and this we promise to ac- 
complish. 

These are our pledges to the people of North Carolina. We love 
our state and take pride in her ti-aditions. We believe that this 
year many people are prepared to place country above party. To 
all those who are willing to do so, we extend the right hand of 
fellowship and invite them to help us make North Carolina a finer 
and better place in which to live. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Adopted in Convention, March 18, 1952, at Charlotte 

ARTICLE I 

The Precinct as a Unit 

The unit of party action shall be the election precinct. In every 
precinct in each general election year there shall be selected in 
mass-meeting in every precinct in the state a Precinct Committee 
of five or more voters, one of whom shall be designated as chairman, 
one as vice-chainnan, 2vho shall be a woman, and one as secretary. 

The members and officers of the precinct committee shall hold 
their places for two years from the date of election, and until 
their successors are chosen. The Chairman of the County Com- 
mittee shall designate the time and place of holding precinct meet- 
ings after TEN DAYS notice thereof. Precinct meetings shall 
elect one delegate and one alternate to the County Convention for 
each fifty votes or fraction thereof cast for the Republican candi- 
date for Governor, New Precinct shall use highest state official, 
at the latest election. Other precinct meetings may be called and 
held at such times and places as will be designated by the Chair- 
man of the Precinct Committee, after first giving TEN DAYS 
notice of such meeting. In the event any Chairman of any Pre- 
cinct fails to act, then the Chairman of the County Committee 
shall appoint someone in his or her place to serve temporarily 
until a Precinct Meeting can be held and the new Chairman elected. 

ARTICLE II 

County Conventions and County Committees 

1. A County Convention shall be called in each general election 
year by the Chairman of the County Committee, who shall desig- 
nate the time and place for holding same, after giving FIFTEEN 
DAYS notice thereof, and the delegates and alternates elected in 
the precinct meetings shall sit as delegates and alternates in the 
County Convention. The County Convention shall choose a Chair- 
man, and a Vice Chairman, ivho shall be a woman, and other 

190 



Plan of Organization 191 

officers, all of whom shall be qualified voters in the county. A 
County Committee of five or more voters shall be chosen in such 
County Convention, who shall hold their places for a term of TWO 
YEARS, and until their successors are elected. Nominations may 
be made by the precinct meetings for membership upon the County 
Committee. Such biennial County Convention shall elect one dele- 
gate and one alternate to the State and all District Conventions, 
for every two hundred votes, or a fraction thereof, cast for the 
Republican nominee for Governor at the latest election in said 
county. In addition thereto each County shall be entitled to one 
additional delegate and alternate for each Republican member of 
the House of Representatives elected by the County in the pre- 
ceding election. 

2. That if one-third of the members of the County Committee 
shall desire a meeting of the County Committee, it shall be the 
duty of the Chairman of the County Committee to call said meet- 
ing; and if said Chairman shall fail or refuse to call said meeting 
upon petition of one-third of the members, the one-third of the 
members may call the meeting of the County Committee by giving 
to the Chairman and Secretary and the members of the County 
Committee at least FIVE DAYS notice. 

3. For good cause shown, any Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secre- 
tary or member of the County Committee may be removed from 
his or her position upon a vote of two-thirds of the members of 
the County Committee, but said cause for removal shall be con- 
fined to inefficiency and party disloyalty. Upon such removal the 
County Committee shall have the authority to fill the unexpired 
term. 

4. The Vice-Chairwoman shall function as Chairman for her 
respective Republican Executive Committee in the absence of the 
Chairman. 

ARTICLE III 

Congressional, Judicial and Senatorial Committees 

The Republican Congressional, Judicial and Senatorial District 
Committees shall be composed of the Chairman of the several 
County Committees within the district, and the Chairman and 
Secretary of said District and Vice Chairman, who shall be a 
woman, and shall be elected biannually at the Congressional Con- 



192 North Carolina Manual 

vention. The aforesaid Congrressional, Judicial, and State Sena- 
torial Conventions shall be called by the Chairman of the Con- 
gressional District Executive Committee upon TWENTY DAYS 
notice of the time and place for holding same. Upon the failure 
for any reason of the Congressional District Chairman in any case 
to call a Congressional Convention, the said call may be issued by 
the Secretary of the Congressional District Committee. 

ARTICLE IV 

State Convention 

A State Convention shall be called in every general election year 
by the Chairman of the Republican State Executive Committee 
after THIRTY DAYS notice thereof, to all members of the State 
Executive Committee and all Chairmen of the several County 
Executive Committees of the time and place of holding same. The 
State Convention biennially shall choose and elect a State Chair- 
man and the State Vice-Chairman, one of whom sJiall he a ivoynan. 
Two Assistant Chainnen on the State Committee shall be appointed 
by the State Chairman with such duties as may be delegated by 
the Chairman. They shall serve at the pleasure of the State 
Chairman, and be responsible directly to him. The State Conven- 
tion each year of a Presidential election shall recommend to the 
National Republican Executive Committee, for a term of FOUR 
YEARS, the name of two persons, a man and a woman, for Na- 
tional Committeeman and National Committeewoman, respectively. 
Vacancies in the office of State Chairman and State Vice-Chair- 
man shall be filled by the State Committee until the next terms. 
In the event of vacancy in National Committeeman or National 
Committeewoman, the State Committee shall make recommenda- 
tions to the National Committee for the appointment of successors 
to fill the unexpired vei-ms. 

ARTICLE V 
Republican State Committee 

1. The Republican State Committee shall be composed of FOUR 
members from each Congressional District, and one additional 
member from each Congressional District for every 3,000 votes or 
greater fractional part thereof cast in said Congressional District 



Plan of Organization 193 

for the Republican candidate for Governor at the latest preceding 
election. The members of the State Committee in each Congres- 
sional District shall be elected for a term of two years, or until 
successors are elected and qualified, by the delegates to the Con- 
gressional Convention of the respective Districts. Vacancies oc- 
curring in representation from any Congressional District shall 
be filled by a vote of the majority of the remaining members re- 
siding in the district in which such a vacancy may occur. Alter- 
nates shall be elected in said Congressional Districts for each 
member of the State Executive Committee elected in said Con- 
gressional District and the Alternate shall serve for such member 
in the absence of the member. 

2. The State Chairman, the State Vice-Chairman, the two As- 
sistant Chairmen, the National Committeeman, the National Com- 
mitteewoman, and the permanent Chairman and Secretary of the 
preceding State Convention shall be members of the State Com- 
mittee, ex-officio. 

3. The State Committee shall have the power to elect a Secre- 
tary and an Assistant Secretary, one of whom shall come from 
the Young Republicans, a Treasurer, and other officers which may 
appear necessary, who shall serve foi' a term of two years and 
until their successors are chosen. 

4. The State Committee shall meet annually upon the call of 
the Chairman and Secretary, or upon the failure of the Chairman, 
upon the call of the Vice-Chairman, and Secretary about the anni- 
versary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, which meeting shall be 
followed by an annual statewide Lincoln Day Dinner, to be held 
under the auspices of the Republican State Committee and the 
Young Republicans of North Carolina. 

5. There shall be a Republican State Policy Committee com- 
posed of the State ChaiiTtian, Vice Chairman, the two Assistant 
Chairmen, Secretary, Treasurer, the National Committeeman and 
the National Committeewoman of the Republican State Committee 
and the State Young Republican Clubs, all of whom shall be 
members ex-officio of the Republican State Committee, and all 
former State Chairmen and Vice Chairmen of the Republican 
State Committee, and five Republican Members of the General 
Assembly of North Carolina, and five members from the state at 
large to be appointed by the State Chairman to serve for a term 
of two years. 



194 North Carolina Manual 

The State Policy Committee shall meet upon the call of the 
Chairman, and shall have active management of the State Cam- 
paigns, with power to appoint a Finance Committee, a Publicity 
Committee, a Campaign Committee and such other committees as 
it may deem necessary in the proper conduct of the affairs of the 
pai'ty, and to do all other things pertaining to party affairs, which 
it may be authorized to do from time to time by the Republican 
State Committee in session; and the State Policy Committee shall 
reports it proceedings to the State Committee at each session. 

6. A member or members of the State Committee from a ma- 
jority of the counties shall constitute a quorum of the State Com- 
mittee for the transaction of business. 

7. There shall be a liberal i-epresentation of women wherever 
practicable in all the meetings and activities of the Republican 
Party. 

8. When any member of the State Committee becomes an active 
or regular candidate for an appointment controlled either directly 
or indirectly by recommendation of the State Committee, then 
such member of said State Committee shall forfeit his or her mem- 
bership on State Committee. 

ARTICLE VI 

Voting by Proxy in Convention not Allowed 

No delegate, alternate or other member of a Convention shall 
cast any vote by proxy, provided, however, that any delegate or 
delegates present shall have the right to cast the entire vote of 
the precinct in County Conventions and of the County in State 
and District Conventions. 

ARTICLE VII 

Convention Procedure 

L The State, District and County Conventions shall be called 
to order by their respective Chairmen, or in the absence of the 
Chairman, by the Vice-Chairman, Secretary, or some member 
thereof, in oi'der stated who shall have the power to appoint and 



Plan of Organization 195 

receive the reports of Credentials Committee, to appoint other 
temporary and necessary committees, at or before the convening 
of the Convention, and to form a permanent organization. 

2. The certificate of the Chairman and Secretary of any Con- 
vention authorized to elect delegates and alternates shall be deemed 
sufficient to place the name of such delegate and alternate on the 
temporary roll of the respective Conventions, and unless success- 
fully challenged, shall be a complete authorization to said delegates 
and alternates to act. 

ARTICLE VIII 

Records, Reports and Accounts 

The Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer of the State, District 
and County Committees shall keep faithful and accurate records 
of any and all monies received by them for the use of said com- 
mittees and shall make faithful and accurate report thereof when 
so requested. 

ARTICLE IX 

All references herein to voters, delegates, alternates, chairman, 
vice-chairmen and other precinct, county and state official shall 
in all casese be construed to mean persons identified and registered 
with the Republican Party. 



196 



North Carolina Manual 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

(From list furnished by Chairman, State 
Kepublican Executive Committee) 

State Republican Executive Committee 

STATE ORGANIZATION 

Chairman : J. M. Baley, Jr Marshal 

Vice Chairman: Mrs. Ann Hickman Winston-Salem 

Secretary: Clyde Greene Boone 

Treasurer : Dr. James W. Davis Statesville 

National Committeeman: J. E. Broyhill Lenoir 

National Committeewoman: Mrs. W. P. Few Durham 



C. T. Allen, Aurora 



First District 

G. L. Markham, Elizabeth City 
Wheeler Martin, Williamston 



Second District 



Thomas J. Moore, Wilson 
Ray Cameron, Kinston 



Mrs. Bessie U. Wood, Littleton 
Dana Dickens, Halila.\ 



Third District 



Dr. H. M. Stenhouse, Goldsboro 
George J. Brooks, Beaufort 
Steve Wilkins, Rose Hill 
John Cowell, Bayboro 



E. J. Strong, Siler City 
Wade Marr, Jr., Raleigh 
Sam Morris, Raleigh 
A. I. Ferree, Asheboro 



Ivan Harrah. Rt. 1, Winston-Salem 
S. J. Craver, Winston-Salem 
W. Y. Tucker, Rt. 6, Winston-Salem 
Joe Heisabeck, Walnut Cove 
Tarn W. Church, Walkertown 



N. D. McNairy, Greensboro 
B. Frank Milliken, Greensboro 
Worth D. Henderson, Greensboro 
Rufus Hayworth, High Point 
Fred Metcalf, High Point 



Joe Dunn, Clinton 
A. L. Butler, Clinton 
S. A. Howard, Clhiton 
Borden Farnell, Jacksonville 

Fourth District 

S. G. Richardson, Seagrove 
A. H. Farmer, Bailey 
George Manning, Asheboro 
Joel Johnson, Four Oaks 
W. I. Young, Youngsville 



Fifth District 



Uavid L. Hiatt, .Mount .Airy 
0. Y. Clayton, Roxboro 
Mrs. Eugene Hester, Reidsville 
R. B. Cunningham, Oxford 
J. D. Simmons, Elon College 



Sixth District 



Dr. H. M. Patterson, Burlington 
Dr. Graham Harden, Burlington 
A. A. McDonald, Durham 
R. N. Barringer, Durham 
John F. Crawford, Chapel Hill 



Irvin B. Tucker, Jr., Whiteville 
G. H. Cannon, Wilmington 
Charles Trott, Long Beach 



Seventh District 

J. 0. West, Dunn 
G. W. Hair, Fayetteville 
W. D. Cross, Elizabethtown 
Fred R. Keith, St. Pauls 



Plan of Organization 



197 



Eighth District 



H. H. Tarlton, Rt. 1, Peachland 
Hiram Ward, Denton 
J. T. Jackson, Lexington 
R. V. Alexander, Cooleemee 
Claude Hicks, Mocksville 
R. L. Gavin. Sanford 
Dr. M. A. Nicholson, Troy 
H F. Seawell, Jr., Carthage 



Clement Barrett, Carthage 

John Hammond, Rockingham 

D. A. Monroe, Jr., Rt. 1, Laurinburg 

C. H. Hasty, Monroe 

P. E. Brown, North Wilkesboro 

W. B. Somers, North Wilkesboro 

W. E. Rutledge, Yadkinville 

F. D. Harding, Yadkinville 



Ninth District 



Edison Thomas, Grassy Creek 
B. B. Graybeal, West Jefferson 
Ray Jeimiugs, Taylorsville 
Mrs. 0. 0. Cruse, Rt. 3, Concord 
Monroe Adams, Statesville 
J. Luther Little, Oakboro 
Ellis Huneycutt, Rt. 2, Oakboro 



Fate Beal, Lenoir 
E. C. McCall, Lenoir 
S. C. Eggers, Boone 
W. H. Gragg, Boone 
Walter Johnson, Sparta 
W. I. Ward, Statesville 
Dallas Campbell, Taylorsville 



Roy A. Harmon, Elk Park 
Irah Vance, Plumtree 
W. H. Barkley, Morganton 
Frank C. Ration, Morganton 
N. 0. Pitts, Sr., Glen Alpine 
H. B. Haynes, Hickory 
John B. Huss, Newton 



Tenth District 

Mrs. Paul Wilkinson, Maiden 
P. A. Setzer, Hickory 
Dr. Lester Crowell, Lincoln ton 
Claude Nantz, Lincohiton 
Bill McKumey, Spruce Pine 
J. Don Street, Bakersvilie 
Louis G. Rogers, Charlotte 
E. M. Morgan, Charlotte 



Eleventh District 



G. V. Hawkins, Shelby 

Tom Hannah, Mount Holly 

R. S. Rice, Marshall 

Harry McCall, Marion 

James S. Dockery, Rutherfordton 



Joe Nowiki, Swiss 



C. Y. Nanney, Jr., Union Mills 
George Dedmondt, Tryon 
Jim Jackson, Tryon 
C. M. Morrison, Rt. 2, Shelby 
Joe Q. Tilson, Marshall 



Twelfth District 



Mitchell F. Lominac, Asheville 
James Riekert, Asheville 
0. L. Anderson, Murphy 
C. E. Hyde, Murphy 
R. N. Tiger, Hayesville 
T. M. Jenkins, Robbiusville 
Glenn Boyd, Waynesville 
Tilman Powell, Canton 



J. W. Bayne, Hendersonville 
Frank Waldroup, Hendersonville 
Mrs. Gola Ferguson, Cullowhee 
Fred L. Hooper, Sylva 
A. R. Higdon, Franklin 
S. A. DeHart, Bryson City 
Lewis P. Hamlin, Brevard 
Ralph R. Fisher, Brevard 



198 



North Carolina Manual 



STATE REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL, JUDICIAL, 
AND SENATORIAL DISTRICT COMMITTEES 



The work of the State Republican Congressional, Judicial and 
Senatorial Executive Committees is handled by the Chairmen of 
the Republican County Executive Committees. 



Chairmen, Republican County Executive Committees 

1952 



Alamance — Dr. H. M. Patterson, Burlington 

Alexander — Bill White, Taylorsville 

Alleghany— Beale Poole, Sparta 

Anson — C. A. Bland, Wadesboro 

Ashe — J. F. Yates, Warrensville 

Avery — Charles VonCannon. Banner Elk 

Beaufort — Clarence Allen, Aurora 

Bertie — D. H. Greene, Aulandcr 

Bladen — W. D. Cross. Elizabethtown 

Brunswick — H. L. Willetts, Bolivia 

Buncombe — AV. Harold Sams. Asheville 

Burke — R. M, Lineberger, Morgan ton 

Cabarrus — James C. White, Rt. 8. Concord 

Caldwell— E. C. McCall, Lenoir 

Camden — J. B. Burgess, Old Trap 

Carteret — C. R. Wheatly, Beaufort 

Caswell— M. F. Law, RuflBn 

Catawba — Hayden B Hayes, Hickory 

Chatham — Ray Swain, Siler City 

Cherokee — John C. O'Dell, Murphy 

Chowan — A. S. Smith, Edenton 

Clay — Ruel White, Hayesville 

Cleveland — J. Worth Silvers, Shelby 

Columbus — Irvin B. Tucker, Jr., Whiteville 

Craven — W. B. Rouse, New Bern 

Cumberland— C. C. Culbreth, Stedman 

Currituck — J. T. Etheridge, Shawboro 

Dare — V. G. Williams, Wanchese 

Davidson — E. R. Everhart, Lexington 

Davie— E. C. Morris, Mocksville 

Duplin — H. B. Kornegay. Calypso 

Durham — A. A. McDonald, Durham 

Edgecombe— J. H. Satterthwaite, Rt. 1, Tarboro 

Forsyth — W. Lindsay Sap, Winston-Salem 



Franklin — W. R. Young, Youngsville 
Gaston — J. L. Carter, West Gastonia 
Gates— Rev. J. F. Jolliff, Gatesville 
Graham — W. M. Sherrill, Robbinsville 
Granville — R. P. Cunningham, 0.\ford 
Greene — L. R. Aldridge, Snow Hill 
Guilford — N. D. McNary, Greensboro 
Halifax — Ottis J. Rejiiolds, Roanoke Rapids 
Harnett — J. 0. West, Dunn 
Haywood — W. Gudger Duckett, Canton 
Henderson — C. W. Cunningham, Arden 
Hertford— R. G. Battisby, Winton 
Hoke — M. L. Sides, Rt. 1, Aberdeen 
Hyde — Dan L. Berry. Swan Quarter 
Iredell — A. Z. Goforth, Statesville 
Jackson — Velt Wilson, Sylva 
Johnston — Joel Johnson, Four Oaks 
Jones — H. M. Mallard, Trenton 
Lee — -0. F. Patterson, Sanford 
Lenoir — Ray Cameron, Rt. 1, Kinston 
Lincoln — Robert Lineberger, Lincolnton 
Macon — George Reece, Franklin 
Madison — Robert R. Ramsey, Walnut 
Martin — Wheeler Martin, Williamston 
McDowell— C. Harry McCall, Marion 
Mecklenburg — Ernest M. Morgan, Charlotte 
Mitchell — Warren H. Pritchard, Spruce Pine 
Moore — W. Clement Barrett, Carthage 
Montgomery — Marvin C. Cole, Candor 
Nash — John C. Matthews, Spring Hope 
New Hanover — R. E. Lewis, Wilmington 
Northampton— W. T. Outland, Woodland 
Onslow — Fowler Manning, Richlands 
Orange — M. L. Gates, Hillsboro 



Republican Committees 



199 



Pamlico — N. C. Rice, Arapahoe 

Pasquotanlv — ^G. L. Markham, Elizabeth City 

Peiider^E. C. Highsmith, Rocky Point 

Perquimans — T. C. Babb, Hertford 

Person — 0. Y. Clayton, Roxboro 

Pitt— W. B. PhiUips, Ayden 

Polk— Ernest H. Gibbs, Columbus 

Randolph — Lacy Lewis Asheboro 

Richmond— B. A. Cox, Ellerbe 

Robeson — Fred R. Keith, St. Pauls 

Rockingham — Forest Bedell, Reidsville 

Rowan — A. M. Miller, Salisbury 

Rutherford — Dewey Deviney, Spindale 

Sampson — P B Lockerman, C'lmton 

Scotland — 

Stanly — Henry N. Thompson, New London, Rt. 2 



Stokes — Bill Law, King 
Surry— David L. Hyatt, Mt. Airy 
Swain— Glen McHan, Whittier 
Transylvania— Lewis P. Hamlin, Brevard 
Tyrrell— Irving I. Swain, Columbia 
Union — A. D. Baucom, Monroe 
Vance — Walter Finch 
Wake— Chesley S. Smith, Raleigh 
Washington — E. A. Harrison, Plymouth 
Warren — W. B. White, Norlina 
Watauga— Earl D. Cook, Boone 
Wayne— R. E. Cox, Rt. .3, Goldsboro 
Wilkes— E. R. Eller, North Wilkesboro 
Wilson — Thomas J. Moore, Wilson 
Yadkin— Walter Zackary, Yadkinville 
Yancey — Robert Presnell, Burnsville 



200 



State J 






VE5TE/2N ) 




)Istncts 



EASTERNDlVISiON 




ELECTION RETURNS— 1952 



Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States 



state 



Alabama 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 

New Jersey 

New Mexico . . . . 

New York 

North Carolina. . 
North Dakota... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island . . . 
South Carolina . . 
South Dakota. . . 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia . . . 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Totals... 



Popular Vote 


Electoral Vote 


Stevenson 
Democrat 


Eisenhower 
Repubhcan 


Stevenson 
Democrat 


Eisenhower 
Republican 


275,075 
109,428 
226,300 

2,197,548 
245,504 
481,649 
83,315 
444,950 
452,323 
95,081 

2,013,920 
801,530 
451,513 
273,296 
495,729 
345,027 
118,806 
395,337 

1,083,525 

1,230,657 
608,458 
172,553 
929,830 
106,213 
188,057 
31,688 
106,663 

1,015,902 
105,661 

3,104,601 

652,802 

76,694 

1,600,302 
430,939 
270,579 

2,146,269 

203,293 

173,007 

90,426 

443,710 

970,128 

135,364 

43,355 

268,677 

492,845 

453,578 

622,175 

47,934 


149,231 
150,032 
177,155 

2,897,310 
379,782 
611,012 
90,059 
544,036 
198,979 
180,707 

2,457,327 

1,136,259 
808,906 
616,302 
495,029 
306,925 
232,353 
499,424 

1,292,325 

1,551,529 
763,211 
112,966 
959,429 
157,394 
421,603 
50,502 
166,287 

1,374,613 
132,170 

3,952,815 
558,107 
191,712 

2,100,456 
518,045 
420,815 

2,415,789 
210,935 
168,113 
203,857 
446,147 

1,102,878 
194,190 
109,717 
349,037 
599,107 
419,857 
979,744 
84,107 


11 




4 


8 




32 




6 




8 




3 




10 


12 




4 




27 




13 




10 




8 


10 
10 






5 




9 




16 




20 




11 


8 




13 




4 




6 




3 




4 




16 




4 




45 


14 




4 




25 




8 




6 




32 




4 


8 




4 




11 




24 




4 




3 




12 




9 


8 




12 




3 






27,312,217 


33,938,285 


89 


442 



203 



204 



North Carolina Manual 



QO 









to 
OS 



03 

w 
< 

H 

;h 
n 

H 

Q 

CO 
W 

Qi 

Oh 

o 

CO 

H 
O 

< 

Px 

o 

a. 



5 CO « 



- £-3 

'73*-' CO 






a a ^ 



OO O 



CS3 O ■— ' — ( u^ 

CS ^^ lO GO '— I 
IC CO t^ CO 1-H 



CO 0> CO CO C^ 
■-H IC QO CO t-^ 
t-, O CO CO OS 



"— ' CO O CO CO 1— t '—' 1— « -^ 



■ CO 






OOC^ ■ 


■ t^ 






CO '^ 


• -r 






»J^ 










• (M 






CO 



Ci »C CO t-- 
-T" -M O CO 
CO «-H CO lO 



lO -^ CO t>- lO 
CO oo GO tO iO 
O OO Ol -— 1 03 



CO lO GO --H 
CO (M Ol -^ 
CO CS Oi CO 



O t* CI ^- rj- 
CO 03 lO CD •-« 
Ci lO Ol CS t>- 



■^ OO r-- i-H "^ 

lO oo •*< 05 — 1 
t>- u^ CO CO lO 



CO Oi 'X; Oi o 
CD t--. -— > CO — < 
^ O O O CM 



r- -rJ* Tp o t--. 
lO CO -— ' t- CM 

CO C^ 00 CO o 



t^ CO Oi t--. 'Tji 

— ' -r CO t- i>- 

CO O O CO l^ 



■^ I>. »0 Oi CO 
oo (M 



t-^ Oi Th CO — < 

CO CO Oi l^ O 



_^ _H -J. CO — 

CO CM Oi (M -t^ 

c; 00 -^ TT CO 



CSi O -^ 05 CO 

!>. ^ Ol O C5 
»— ( CSl OS OS 



CO »c »o ■n' -^ 
00 uo c:s CO 

■^ CO c^ 



r-l OS "^ 00 

»o »o CO oo 

(M CO T-. (M 



t-- CO 00 CO o 
0> — • iM -r t'- 
CM oo CO CO CO 



lO CO O C^5 CO 
•-1 CO 00 O 40 
t-- QO CO CI 1-- 



TT co.-< oo »o 

-t* ■— I C^ 00 OS 

CO oi uo r- lo 



CO -r to OS io 

CD OC' — CO CO 
Oj CO CO t— ■— t 



lO o; CO t-- 

CS -Tf — ' CO 
1-H OS c^ 



CO I ^ o^ -r t^ 

CM CO oo lO O 
-f C-) (M -— t 



M* !>. C<J 1— « CO 
OS O C<1 lO CO 
OS OO »0 CO 'T' 



CO —1 CO —t GO 
CO ■— t X' to o 
>— I .— ( c^ 1— I OS 



O] en i>. CO -f 

—),_,,—. ,—1 <M 
CO OS 1— t CM 



o 



o 






O t- '-H lO .-H 

"rr" OO lO CD CO 
lO (M lO 05 t^ 



-M t— iO CO t— 

r^ -f -H o CO 
iC I - c-j »o -— ' 



-Tf .— ■ t-- CD 30 
1— I OS CO OS "Tf 
CO 00 CM O -^ 



O t^ OS O CO 

lO CO -r ic c^ 
t-^ -r OS CO T" 



CO (M lO CO O 

^H -r t^ CO oo 
-r t-^ ■^ ^ oo 



Tf CO CO iM oo 

Tf IJO CO i-H CO 

to C<1 



O CO CO CO O 
OS lO "^ *0 CD 

CO T-l ^H 



o; to t>- (M cs 

CO r— -^ Tt" OS 

OS oo lO -^ CO 



r— m (>) -H -+< 

CO to OS Ol QO 
i—t iM OS O 



5J J> 

Oj fH c3 



C30 CO tn "Tj- ^H 

-— « C-l CO CO CO 
OS OS OS to CO 



CD CO t^ !>. OS 
-t^ CD l-^ GO CS 
,_, _ CO >— I CO 



OS CO CO oo <3i 

I - o I-- to oo 

■n^ -^ oo -^ to 



-:^^ ^ O CO OS 
CO CO OS OS OS 
to CD -f CM 00 



•rf to r- CO CO 

CD 1— 1 lO to -f 
oo to CO to CM 



CO CD oo GO TP 

OS 00 -^ 00' CO 

T-H r-i OS CM 



to 00 OsOOt- 
CO CO CO CO o 

-r CO CM >— I 



OS — I OS [-- CM 
t^ OO OS 00 t-- 

o t^ -r <M T 



T— I O to to CO 

OC -r — 1 CO 'O 

fM -— f CO O T-t 



OS 00 t- (M CO 
CC to O -— I CO 
to -— t 00 .— I cs 



^^= 



a> P c« 



-^ O ■— t CJ3 to 
GO CO C^l >— to 
^ O ■-< -^ OC' 

"M -rf d '— GC 

■^ to -r to i-^ 

CO CM 



OS O 00 O CO 
-^ -r lO CO to 
00 -P ^ CO to 



O CO O OS -rf 

-r CO t-— CO 00 
oj -r CO ^H CO 

t--. OS c>) OS O 

■^ OS CO GO 1—" 
O 00 CO -^ TT 



CO T-H ^rt^ O t-- 

-r to CO CD '- 

rr OS to t-- OS 

C-1 CO OS OS 'OS 

to CO CO CO CO 

•-I iM OS -O 



-f Tf OS OS — . 

r- CO o i^ CD 

(M CO O to (M 

CD t~ — OS CS 

c^ r-- Oj to 

to 00 CO 



CO t^ c^ OC rr 

CM CO CM 1—1 CO 
t^ CM CD coco 



"^ CO O to 'Tl 
CO CO CD iM Ol 
OS O GO !>. (M 



1— < 00 CO r-1 — « 

to r- -^ CM OS 

1>. rf to to OS 



CD t^ CO GO r— 

OS CD t- OS t-- 

T-H C^ ^t' CO CO 



O to GO I>- to 

to OS to t— CO 
C^ ^ OOCM 



r- -r OS to t-- 

1— < !>. to CO C^ 
rj< CO <M -H 



OS -f oo -TH t- 

-r t- t^ CO to 

1— I 00 to CO to 



OS CD T CO CM 
■^ to GC' t^ CO 
CO >— ' CO O O 



-^ oo 00 to CO 
-T CO to -r CO 
CO T-< OS .-I C<l 




GO CO OS r-H !>. 

to CO CO CO CO 
CO '^ O "^ (M 



to n^ 00 c<j OS 

OC --I "^ -r OS 
CD O CM OS -f 



CO o r>. !>• CM 
OS i>. t^ cs o 

CO to OS t^ £^ 



.-H CO CO CO CO 
OS CM CO T-H CO 

r^ oo -^ CO t— 



^ to --< CO^H 
CD CO OS <0 CO 
"^ -^ oo CD t>. 



lO CO (M CO 1— I 

CO CO CO CO OO 

CO --H 



o T-" r^ [>. OS 

I--. OS GO OS CO 
to CD T CO CO 



COOO ^ oo 05 

CO CO CO CO OS 

i-H CM t^CD 



to -M toco .^ 
OS CM CD CO CM 

»-H r-. t^ OC o 



OS -M t-^ -^ O 
CM O ■— ' CO OS 
1— . t- .-1 CO CD 



-r CO 03 CO -f 

OS CO I— f .—I OS 

00 CO CO r- t-- 



T-H 00 CO OS f 
— I ,— . TT" CO to 
oo CO O CO -^ 



oo CO CO CO to 
CO CO -^ CO OS 
CM i-il>.CM 



f^J OS OS to CO 

CaO CD f to (M 
CO CSiC^-^ 



c<j -V T-f -r ^—1 

oo CO (M CO -^ 
CM OS CO "^ to 



CM CD OS CM CO 
OS CM GO -^ — • 
<M i-i CO OS O 



OOt^'^ COt- 
CJStO '-< to -^ 
COr-l ^ ^ CO 




<«^ 







5"^ s ^ ^ 



^SS2S 



ssss^ 



Election Returns 



205 





t^ 






CO CO 
CD 






CO 




CD 

§ 


00 

CO* 


C5 



Oi 
CO*" 








00 








S5 

CD 

00 

CO 


OlO CO l:^l>- 
-^^ Oi CO O '— < 


lOOCO 
i-H (7-1 02 


CC 


,— . |>. Tj. ,— , ,— , 

CO 00 «tiO CD 
i-nCi ^ 00 00 


-f OS cs CO m 

CD t^ IT- CD -T 
t^CO(M 00 t- 


^ <M r-H 

-H OD CC 

cocq o- 


tO 

05 


,-t T-H <M l-H T-- 


CO 00 t^ 
CO 


■^ 




CO -M •-< .-H cr 


CO "5 


CO 


r- cn -^ CO -r 
u:; o CM o ':c 

CO C^ ^ CO I--- 


cs) c^ -r ir^ 

t- CSOO — 

10*0 CO oc 


cs 


i-^ CI CD ^ -rr 

OOiOO uO'-H 
^ OOCO CO Ci 


cs CO CO r- 

-^ C<I C5 I-- 
03^ O^iO CS 


■^ o> t-- 

C^ Ci 


05 


Oi^^ o oc 
C^CM GC OC CN 

^ C5 oc 


00 -^ uO'OC 
iC ^ ■* CC 
"M 1— -r c^ 




CM -* to OS CM 

c; CO c^ 


c<i -^loco cc 

00 -M t^ t^ I^ 

CM ^ ^ C^ 


coor- 
^ 0; '^ 

co»r3 


CO 

Oi 

00 


cs 


— 




^ 






cq 


a- 








CO T-H <N 

r-(M C5 0C 
CO t^ t- 


oc 


CO OS CO r— cs 

(M ^ <M CO 
rr CO -^ 10 ^T" 


iCi*00 OC 
t- »-H 10 OC' t-- 


000^ 

oc ■— ' w: 

1—1 CO c^ 


i 



>— r- iC *o -— ' 

CO 0; 00 

1-^ CC •— t' 


01 CO C^ CI GO 
»Ct 0; lO CO 
-T -^ 'S- CJ 


c? OC' -r I- 

*0 QO CO ^ t-- 


0: to CI CI 
lO -Tf -ThO CD 
t— 1— I c^ -^ 


CI -r »o 

-J- ;o 


iO 


"^ 

CJ 


^ ^ZO 10 'OC 1>- 
^ ^ Ci 'OC ^ 
CO CI CO CD CO 


iC 10 CO -r "O 

»C CO 0; CI CD 

•— > »o ca "^ CO 


Qo t^ r^ 10 '— ' 

-p 00 -r to ^ 

"T »C CO CO 


10 ^ t- CO c:. 
cj CI cj ■* 00 

-Tf CO »0 CJ CD 


CI CI i-" 
-^ CO 

oo»o 01 


00 
CI 


■* 0: ^ r- 
ci CO t-- 00 


CO OC' C^ Oi »0 
CD ^ oc ■r-H CJ 

c^ ,-H uococq 


»o CO -f »n 
CO CI coo 
00^ -H CJ 


w l-^ ^ iO ^ 
CJi CI !>. Tf CD 
1-1 ^ CO 


CI '^ T-. 

C^t^iO 

coco 






coco -^ Ci 00 
cq CD t— OC CO 

CO CO 00 CO CI 



CI "T^ CO o; »o 

05 -^ CD -^ CO 
CO i-H t- 10 CO 



0:1 CO -— I '-' t^ 
t^iOO -^ o 
TP CO CD t^ t-- 



iO 00 CD CD -^ 

'O 00 cq t^r- 
cDO 00 cq t- 



t- CO CI 

t- Tf -# 



Ci CS t— •— I ^1 

Cq ■^ OCOOCD 

1—10; CO 



!>. O O i— I 00 

c-1 o r- O T- 

iO t— 10 T' CJ 



O iO O CD 00 

-T i~- OS c; o 

Ci -— ' CO 



T-H O CO CI CO 

CI »o »o -^ 00 
00 >— 1 C) -^ 



Ca O Oi 
0S»0 '^ 
CO CO 



c; i>- CO uD 00 
cq d t- .— 1 1-- 

Cq >— t OC CO ■* 



CO ^ CO o 10 

CO Ci l>- t^ »0 
CD lO t-^ CC' »0 



OC "^ CO to CO 
■^ T-" Cq CO lO 
OC' C^ CJ O i-" 



C) 1— > 1— ( CO CO 
lO to t^ CD CI 
1— I .— 1 CO CO -— ' 



00 CD CO 
CO Oi CO 
CI CI CD 



■— ' O -^ O: !>■ 

C5 -— " -T' r- CI 

T-. 0> O 



CO -f CO 00 01 

1-H lO oc -T .-H 
d T-* »OCO CJ 



Ci 00 -r !>. C5 
OC' CO r- CD 



CO c; cq 

!>. t^iO 

CO CO 



10 C^ T CI 00 

-r OS c: Ci 1— ' 

Ci C^ -r CD OS 



»0 CO Ci CO »o 

1-H CO CO ■— ' l-H 

O — --H CO n' 



lO cq o CI — ' 

CO C<I t^ CO o 
O --H "^ CO CO 



^ r^ 01 — iO 

lO t— CD CO -^ 
1— I Ci CI Ci ■— « 



CO cj 00 

lO 00 CI 



1—1 to CD CO 1-H 
CO C) ■— I o to 

— lO — ca 



Ci -f cc- -r 00 
O CI CO i>- to 

CO t-i !>. -^ C<l 



•-'--' lO ^ ^ 

r^ oc Ci CO »o 

1— I ,— . r-i CO 



CD -*" "TjH to CI 

-r »o CO CO JiD 

20 .-t Ci Ti 



CO -^ Oi 
OiO to 



Cq CI •— o o 
OC -^ d ■— < I--- 

oc CD 'V t^ CD 



■rp .— < Ci d t'- 
OC "O o CJ I^ 
CI l>-£^ !-« Ci 



'O O CO t-- CD 

o CI -T r- 1-H 

CO "^ CD Ci to 



--■ to t-- =0 CI 

-H to CI CD OS 
I>- to O CO 00 



00 00 Ci 
to Ci CO 
CO OOt— 



^ ■rji Ci ^ O 
^ O ^ CO 00 



CO c» t— to to 
C4 1- cj -r cj 

Cq ^ CI f-i 



c: -t- i-t to CD 

OS d Ci Tfl 



too 00 
cq 00 CO 
CO CO 



00 O OS 00 CI 
CO CD -f C-O CI 
Ci -^ to oc O 



1— ' 00 d Ci CO 
to -rr CI O CO 

1— ,-..-. o t^ 



00 1— • .— 1 !>. CO 
CO -^ Ci CO cc 
t^ lO L--. .— 1 O' 



to CO -r o Ci 

GO "^ "^ 00 t^ 
"^ CI ■— 1 Oi to 



Ci -^ ^ 

00 00 Ci 
to OS CO 



1— ' 00 CO to CO 
CO O CO O OS 



CD CO !>• 1— ' CD 
•— I ':0 ■rr O- CD 
CD -H t-- to CI 



CO -f CO O CO 
to CO ■— I CD Ci 
CO 1— I >— I »-" CO 



•* o Ci -^r OS 

CO ti3 O CO to 
l-"-* Ci -^ 



cj Ci Ci 

O 01 CO 
to 00 



i Si £ S 
> » & » » 

^ Q ^ 4) ^ 






"£■£ o =2 " 









S 3 3 = « « 



2;2;^;z;z ;^^;ooc5 i^w^cgf! 






£.3 li 

III 



o 

Eh 



206 



North Carolina Manual 






UOSUBAajg 






zo c^ CO ^^r^cocst^ 



-^ "^ C^ '-' 









in 

05 

I— I 
OS 



W 

H 

O 
U 

CQ 
H 

W 

Q 
>-* 
■Ji 
W 

t^ 
o 

W 
H 
O 
> 



SJO}09]a 

puotujnqx 



SJ01D9ia 



CO i-t ^H .-1 M t- —t CC <M •-! -rt^ OJ ■rf .-I 1-1 CO CO •— I CO 






sjopaia 
utjtanjx 



^)^jt^T:f.COCnCOOOC^':Ol--d^^CCV|'M>JOr^O-^C-) — oo-^"^cot^cot^c^cc 



T-i .— I CO -T -^ >— ' 



1 .-H r-l .-I ?^ (M -— I "^ 



CC«O:r5CiC0C0t^C0C0iOt~C<I^OC0t-^OiiC-^CJr-^t^Or0'— 'COO-^OOiT-tCOCO 
0"lC:'OCD«0C;:0OQCOOC^1OO»0'f'X5QC'rCt^OC0— '^OOOS*— '00050100*0 






CO-— 'lOO^OOCO-T'— 'I---OGiOCOiCCOCOC<)i--i— 'lOCOcOCOCa'XJTri.— (0«0"*l^0 

i---t--c;<-Hc^r-coc^coCDCi»oco^ocitC'C'-'— 'coc^icocDcoioc^i-— 'Couo-^-^coo:* 

a^CTjrt^iOiOt— '•-Hr-Hl--03COGOC>3CO— •lO-^C^l-^CO'—iC^fiOirjOOOC^C^'^CS-^CO 



i>- c^ c^^ i-tc<ii-* 



OiCO T-H CO 



5pA9SOoy; 



rrc^^O(^^cooococ^lC^^:ooOlO-roic^^c^icocDcoc^-T"lOO^-csl»oc;<:DlC!r^'^co 
oooCi-HOC'COcOw-^-^-ri^OicO'-HC^QOC^j-ricoO'— <-t't--.'-tt--'-H-^coiOyDtc<;o 
»--'CS]oc»ricoQoi;--'~-'iocoooi>-0'^t>."^as'~-ociococ^'— it^oocoooi^C'i'^r- 

OltM'— iCO-^ -rfcOfM(NOCDCniO CO'— 'OCOCS1t-it-iOOiO"*CD'— • OiC^*OC^ 



CSiI>-t---HiO''S'CO00C0(MC0O5CiiO 
GC— !■.— <t^T— -^COC5TrC^O-1GOI>-0 

cocMC<jcoi>-cr. 05 ir:)iot-oc»co 

CO(M— « ^C^J '— iOC-^<MCO 






.-1 lO '-^ C^ ^ ' 



■X) CS ■— ' c^ 



'^[aAasoojj 



ooic^c^jccTt'OC'r^iot^oocNco^^'— iOiocoin)Ot^aicoocooc^"rrTrco''^o 

C<JCOk«>0'— ICIC^OOC^)-— tt^'-^t-COOCtCOCOC^OO-^-rj-TTOT— iiOCO"— 'OOOsai-— ' 
-5^t--C2»Ot^'-'40C^Ot--OOCMl>-rOC50CCOO<IO'— <i0C0C0asC5Ol0Cs|O00C000 

CO C^ -— ' f CO '-1 '-< C3 «0 ■'fl^ CD I— I 1-1 '-' CQ W3 -^ 



_ _ _ <M Tfi «c «o ^o 'rr CO -T- oo ca O CS CO o> 

— ■■ ■ - - »0 C:. C". ■— ' »C CO -^ »C OO -t" 

'— lOliOC^CO i-" CD01C0 1— iC<l'~< >-< 



uopuB^; 



,— ( iCC ^^ [ ^ — - ~T to — ~ lO O CO "O •— ' I •— Ol t'- I"^- (^.-si '"g^ v^ ij ■— .' ■':r l- j -ij^ ■-r^ '.-< *to^ ■->« --^ »»• 
- - - *-- iCOO-t"'— lOO'MCO'— tfM lO^^O-lTTCD'— 'iOCO»OU5'— ' 



CO cs! 1— ( TT cq 



t- CS ■— I Cfl 



SJO;03[3 

')|eA3SOoy; 



I »!r? (M to wi (M c: CO '00 o o CO -r r^ Ci OC' o CO t— CO CO o o CO ci CO »o »o oi ■n' CD CO -"T 

CgCO-^C<I»OCOCO'MCO'— i-*'iOO:OOQCCl'— 'l>-t^iO'^Oi»0-^OC<|QOTjHl--CDO 

<3c<icoco»ooC'-'OC'COt-cDTrcNOCoi>.-*c:>co-^iocococoioiocDcoco"<i'asoo 

^ COCQ '^ lO 



"ffOO>OiOOOCQOlOCDr^I>-t— OOCOf— «iOCDI>-Oi»OiOOOiOCOOSCD-'^COr^'— '"5'— < 
c im lairrr lco<M'— < COC^** cO-— <co-^cDTf lO I>.tO(M CQiO'-f-'rp 40-^CO»C 



sBuioiix 



J3A00p{ 



sJopai3 
^[^Aasooij 



a 



GCcNiocO'— icoa2>ooooo4rrtco-rOGO»Ocrit-~0'— '■^lO-^cicD'— tcrsi^'— 'cocoo 

t^iO"— 'Olt— COCOC0001-^(M-^iOt— CDCD'— 'CiC0COCDOC0C0C0C001i0t'-r>-t>- 

^crsoocqoooooo aor-t-'OO'^t-- t-^i-iootO'— < c^icit-TTOi ■^o-^'-^i^ 



»— I QO -rp CO CO >— ' 



lO 03 CO i-H >— " 



CDC^T-i (N 



C^jcO*— '01'— 'lOCQ-^'— 'lO-— <COiO0"-»O»0Q0COC000O2-- 'CDOCiOOlCTli— '0J<--''^0> 
■n'iO«0»0^-t^tO*0»0-r-^COCDI-— ■— 'lOtO-^cD-rrcO"^— 'Oit-^'— lO-^CTiOOt^iO 

csiC50ic^t--cr)»0'— icorMcvioo^-fOi-T'oO'^cqcococooc:>coOt-C'jc^coco»o 

CO C^".— « -^rj^i— «tOCOC^(MOC»000»0 COt— fOO'^CO'— <'-'00»0"'*^»Ot— t'— 'OstM-^t- 




rj CO 4 ^ 3 *' 

OQQQQQ 



Election Returns 



207 



t^cDOt^'^ocDcDOOco'rhooai<:ocoTt^oo3'— tiOcooor^.-Hioo'^Oii-HCQcooc^'-HcccO'— 'C^"^-^co.--t 
c^c*3'n*iOOOO'X>oO'-Hi~HOc^or^--^ociooc^coc>c^icsic^ir).-Hi-HcoocO'^cocooocc>>— tCJOiO"^ 



^ ^ coc^ -t «:5 oo 



03 CM ':o CO -^ 



"^ -^ "^ CO >o <M ai i-t CO 



C^ rH r-. CM Cq 



-TiCCO'-Ht-^OCOCOCOt^iC'— 'C0CT)'--0iOOI-^C0G0CC0i!XDC0C0iO-t'i:0C0CO-t'O-^«0':0C0CD 
OC0l>-00'^<^00t-^C^OCncDOU^CO'— 'OOC:;Crit-^OOC<lOOCiCOaiiO"^COI:^^OC^lCOCOt^»'^C'll^C^l'^«^ 
iOiOCOI^-C^iOOC^OOOiCr--OOGCt--03»OClClCO!OI>-COCO«3'^t^OC^'-HC:J"^COCOCM'-H'r^ 

oo-t>aiT— i-^^ow3cocoini-^cc---Hcoio<0'0-rtH"^iO'-Hcocvit— i-r^i.— ic^ 

CO i-l T-H .-I 

r-Ht^t--tou^aD»ocoiCiC^i'— 'O-— 'cor^co-— 'Cct-~»ooo«5cocoi>-tc.-Hi--i>..— tt^oiO'— 'co^Dcoc^cor^cc 

<MtC'— '!>• CM kO-f^C^lOO 1— ' Cl-HiO CM"— •'-Hi— I CO'—' -ftOCl^D'— 'i-hcO'— tCM*^ •— 'COCM 



^^•n'coc»oO'— 'coocooccoo^^Cl■-r-^-rc^^•— '-— 'r--'-HCOQO-r':oO'-HC:>t^'-Hoocot-^'— <-— '0000^?c^ 

tJ^^hCM'— ' '—'CO T— itOCiCDCj<— >•— iCl'T»OC^l'— 'QOU^tOCOCOi— il>.l000l-^0'— i^-COOOCOl'.CO'— '-T^CO 



Tf _, CM -t< 



CM •— t CM •-< CM 



0^-oo<rJo;r---coi^-t'oioC'CO'-H»oa:'C;--i^cx:'OOrr»n<D»oGO;:ou^cocc>j:r'— 'O-t-i— 'Gccoc:)?^ 

1— OCOCOCOC'l'— 'OOCMI-- — t^^^'IOCCCI^'C^OCC'COCO-^r-COtOCOC'tO'— 'tO-t'OiCOCTi'— 'C^ll^t'-CO'^CC'— 't^ 
Tt'CM»OCSOlu:)*Ocr3C^]i— COrOCC'«COCOt--C::^-C)C^irt'iO£--iOCOOOCOOO'— iCO«ncO»OCOtOCOOiCOQOO»CC> 



i:OCM^CO •— 'COCqi>-COCDt--COC-lr-i 



iO-rCir-.CO^OCOCMCM'^CO'^ 



fT-l CO t'- UD CO CO CO •— I 1— I .— I 



■n-oicococoiococ^iO'— 'Oicoiooco-r-^co.— « 



I 'w'*' V*J W'b' ^•^ ^^W - V « . — 

-j->— lCCC^l^C»nCM'--•l:C'T■ 
-T'OCMO•— 'COCO-— «Ci-^ 



1— 'CKCOIOOCO'T^'^CO.— "iXJ-^WOCCCOOO-^CMCOCOCOOiC^COt^CSOT-HCOt^irtCO 

Ci"— 'i— 'CMcoojcscT. c-i--<oinit>.i— .cocoiococs^rjcot^c^t^coco-— '«^-t'':ooa5t-^ 

•— ■C^flC'i— 1-— 'COCO!:rJ'^C^]0OuOCDiC<^0i— 'CM'^'-^OiCDOOODi-H'rr'^t^CC'-rC^jO-T'^ 



COCM-^ CMOiCO-— 'CM 



CMOt-^"*»OOiinG0u0aiO5tOO5COC^-TQ0O;CM'— 'OOCOGOtO'— 'CC'COO^U^i— "t^OO"— '■^»OOC^)OI>-COO 
COOlCO-T^OCCi— (CMOiOOt--»Ot--<^OOCMiOOOOCM— TincDiOOiOOiOCMCD'— tC'-t^r--'— 't^Oi't^CO^OO'O'^ 
t^COC5t^'-HC»CMU^Tp01Util-COO:t-<3iCO'-'C^")CM'^C^l'— 'OOCM"^OaiO':Ot-^"t'"^"^t-^C<lCM»rat^ 

CD'tDCOCO'— '>— 'COC-3C0<^CDl~iO'— — ' OO-fCC.— 'COlC*^C1CM'^'fiO'— <CMC0^'CncOCMCO'— 'C^l'— i CMCCCM 

r-l .-( C-1 CM 

i;Dioi>>'^cx:)Oico*^0'— 'Oi-'-c^cMr^c^(^<3c^)cor^oc^cMt^cD(:Dcoc5CRr^coio»o-— '00«3»ococMOi^ 

>— 'CMCMOiOOO-MCJt^cOGOU^'-HaiT-HOC^l'— taiCOC^I-^Oli— '1— 'Ot-h.— I050000'— "COOl^OcoOOCvlCOOC^J 
CO'-'CMCM'— iOC^]t-hI>.C0C^1C01>- .-hcOO0-*i— 'C-ltft"rfCCO'^'->CMOCMI>-tOCD':Ci— 'fM— 't^iOCOCM-TCOiQ 

t--t^i— 1 CTiCMCMCO CO'M'^ COCq-^C-lt^COi— iCMr-( i-h — < 



C0^'^CMCC'^'<*^O»0CMCM'-hC0'^"^C^1CXjC0'^'— "C<lt^'— '<— '^-«OOOQOOI>*OcCiOcDCOCOOO'^OiCDCSt-^'^ 

•— <ocMOooocMOscoooc:^cocc^oo■oc^o^-^*oo■^0"^^*CMo:OlOOcou^ocMCCI•^'*■— "Ttir^cocDio 

li:jO^-CMCO'^0305»C050COCO-rC^C^3CO'OC^COCOCM0505'— 'CD(^^|■--■^C>CO"^=OGC■COO"^t'COCM•^ 



- CD 00 CD Cq T 



*— lO'^'Cl'— ICOCD-^CMCO-^»000'— iCO'^'CCOOCOO-JCO'— 'COCMi-^COOC^ 



CD CD •— ' CM OC iC 
CD lO CO t^ C^l Oq 
CM CM CM ' 



iC»CCD"^00"^i— ta;'^^HCMl>-'— •CTlCOO'— '•— i-^Oii— '"tJiOiOCDi— <t>-CDO54CCDO~fC0— ^'^iC'f 
C<»00— 'T-(OCDC00i00-^O^-CDC000t^«CO*OO5'— '•— 'OOOOOOi— tOOCO-^CDCMCOCDOCCMOi 
CO"— '•— '*CCOCMirOO r-HCCCOOCO'— «CDC0»O«OCJ'-h<— it^COiO'^'OCO"— iCM-^oococo— 'cocor- 

1-1 05 C^J CO »0 CO CO rr CO CM »^ CO "^ CO C<J CM .— i .— ( •-» 



■^TraslO■^coc5^>-oOQO^ra^^^^cot^GcocococoTruO'— "coi>-CMo;i>-rticD'rqaiioc»oi--cDasOooOT 
QOcoo»^oO£^t^o:^^cO'— '^^■^CMO»cooOlOOCMt^l1-H^-lcoI>•tocooooocDoo^^co^ocDCMC^^-^t^o;co^ 

COt^CM^C'^'^CMOiOC^O'— 'I>*COOS'--CO>OCMtOt^CC»OCOr-i'^CO'— «CO-^'^COCO^-^^00CDCMC'JO5C^ 
CDOOiCt-'-*'— l-^CO *ft QO Oo'oO u:rCM i-tr-ti— iTt^.— ..— (COU^lOCOCOTPlQCD.-ICO'^OOt^COCMCO'— 'COC^ CMOICI 

,-H 1-. CM ^ r-l C^ 

,-Ht^T— tI>.r-ti-HCSC0l0C0OS'^C0lr^iC'^iCiOOTT'C0'^"^CiCJ300»O'— iOiCOI>-01'— "^^Oi»OlO00'— 'CMt^^^ 
CMiO^-iiO 1— « OiCO'^COCD lOCOiO i— 'C^ICOCO-^ COOO i-i-^-rp-rJ^ cDt--i— i"-" --tC^lCM 

CO r-" TT ,-. 1-f r-l 



(Xl^-01■^CT>COC^-*COCDt^CMC^100lO^-COCO^•^CMrH(OC01>■CM"^COCOGOCOO>CMOt•-CO■^^OlX)0»CO^ 
■^CMOiCOCX>i»'-'OiCDOTMOOt--'X)CD--t^OO'— ^OOCOOO^OCDO»005^-t^05»0«^COCO-J^O■— iOCMI^CMCD»n 
C^)l--i— (r-( T-IC^J CMCOCDOi-i .— iiOOOOO.-<CDCOiOCOiO ■-^05lr^'-'-^iO*<f'-^C^'-<^DCOCMCMCDC^-r 



05 CM CO -^ 



CO CM -^ CM ■^ CO CM C^ '-i 



(^^co"^OQO■^'X)0'--<co'^OlClOOOt^o■^aiCCt^C5coo:>'— >o^-co^-■t--CMOcolO•r^cDcDcoOc^^'J;^ 
r-..— «oioiascD<^T-,OT-H'rrasiococ*DkOcDcDi--'Tj^»ot-aiCMiX)00'— 'CDi^cMCoi:--co-^'— "CMc^i-r^ 

C0OCM00'-'C000^0CC^C0t•-.CM0C■^-OC0C0lCl-t^OCDC0CMt^^-001— iC^OiC<J-^OCM<^Ci»OasCiCMCOI--'^ 



kO-^"^CM'-t'-<C0C<JO5CDCDCD»O'— '"--'r-•QOn'C75'-lCO"^■^COCMCO■^CO^-^CM■*^^CDCOCMCM'-tCM•-<'-«C^^^-C^ 



a> 



T3 O 1- 



= :S5 



.-o o. 



:> c3 oj fe 






C t; -M -a T3 -?=, 9 



be 



a;> 



■3-^^ a 

C3 c« o O' .TI. O O 



rt 



c9 te V o C 
t; K 3 S o5 

t- G3 rt 
Oft, Ah 



;!2;o 



2 C w _■ ;M 

o^ a> 0^ -^ o 

1,CL,P-,PhOh 



208 



North Carolina Manual 



■S 

o 
O 



in 

I 

05 



m 

o 



be 

a. 

u 

o 



o 

> 



c im lairr I C-) CO <M oc c^ oc— t- oi a> C5 Oi '20 -^ oC' ai -M »o (lo t - ci ;o -f tD -r to 



aOMOquosfa ^^ 



iiosuaAa^g 



puoiujnqj^ 






A9M9Q 



> -J* CD t-- 00 CO r-H O CO t- ^ ^ 



TT -^ ■— « C-l lO C^ 



lOOi— <cCC0i0^0C<lC^"T'!C01^^C0C0I^C0O-fO'— icc-^coco 

oicQco-rc^i^OiOicviiocMO'jcooi-f'^DcocrsCK'COC^i'— 'cot^co 



QOI>-a:'M'-Hl-.CDC^l--1^00'— 'CO 



t^-UOCOC^-— ■COt^l^QOCMCC 



-t<C0i0aiCD-^t--C^O»f5OC0'— 'COOICO"— '1— "lOSCCOOOiCOCO 

c^c^cocs-fcnc^OicoiO'ri'^O'— '■^ooc^-t^ocoio^nco-roco 

I--O0O3O0'— 'COCO-^CO-— 'CO CC OiCO-rfM ^-mco-MOj 



C^COCOCOCVIC^'T^CnCS'— 'COCl — coot CTiOrMCO— •CC-TiO'— 'CM 

i-^cocococ^i-rcotcoci— i"QCccccro-riO'Cir^i^>occcccoiXi 
coooodt-^ccC5coai<M;:orooocoi-->ox— |^o^'-o?^^co=oc<I 



OO -— I CM ic -!• -^ 



*0 CO -^ — • C<J 






r^CDcDCOOlO-ltOt-— lO^MCOOCiOCMt^CldCOiOOSi— ■-*"GOCO'— ' 

cot>->o»nc:iOicoio— ?o»oor^cooi:--coi-^i>-i:^'— tooooooc 
lo CO o »o I-' cr; o cr, -r -r ci ^^ Oi r-^ -r CO c; CO to CO — t-- c; o *^ 

CO-rt--0CC0»0"T-^~T"'T"O-— 'Ol COCOr^C^l^^COCOiOCOCMCO 






OO OO OO -r O'l GC' (M CO CO CO CO »n — 1— ' -r oC' CD CM I - -r -r — ci og CM 
cDco — o-icocicD'Ocrr-'— lOiOoo^^CMOi-rOjio-— 'CMC0C5O 

t^Oli— lOCCcDOCOOcO-— 'ti.tiOlCM'— 'lOOiCM-f^lCti^^r— co-^ 
CZ) >— iCOtOTCO COCOiO— 'Ol -—< CO CO— 'Cr.' -^C<J 






sjo-joaia 
;[9Aasooy; 



t-^-footo-— 'ajoc^ic^ocfiOCi— 'OiOOO'CM-root^'OO'— ' 
t^ OS t-- lO CM r-^ CM t^ cji -— 1 r^ — H — ' .— • o-i 1— I lo cc oc ^- c-3 OO oo t-^ o 

CMCO'Mt^t'-COCMCO'i-'— iCO— 'O'COt-".-— 'O-i^t^C^lCMiO-f-^CO 
l--int^CCOit^-rCM":3-^l>-CMCO m-fOOCM*— 'C0CDW3CDC<1C0 



sjo;oa[3 



CDCJii— 'OOOl-rOSCJOJO-lOC'iCOSiO-fOirtt— CMO;OSCO"^I>-CD 

lOr-'-cocntoocDtrtcD'— r-^cM^^ — coooco*^coco-f-foC' !>•'—' 
Oi;-Cicoc:c^ji'-oj'Oi--'— '-f — -rcococccMcoi^co-^iOOic 



-r oi -T — > c^i 



sjo^oaia 
:j{aAasooj£ 



lOO— 'W^COOr— 1— 'T— '-r— <CMCMCC5CMCOCD-ftiOCMOSCMO«l 
MDC-OIO— (CMCOOOOtMt^t^CM'— -rt— iCOC't^CM'— CMOl'— iCUCC 
--r«»OCMCOOOC'--OiCOCMOC''fCO — ■— 'CMO'CDt— COCMCMOSCO-n^ 

oocDOi'— coociooicD-foC'C-icO'— 't-^-t*occ^»— <coi>-t^t^coeo 



sjo^oajg 
uopuBq 



t— r-.CMCMCDOcc-i-coc:cD-r-H-r^-iOcDC:40c;— xcs — — ' 
CMOcocM:^co-r — ic^)if*icoGcooO' — ^to— rco — lOio-f — os 

O:iCDr^»OCC'2CC^C0tC'CMI^O»'C0CDC0'^^-*0TI>-C0iCCMC_i 

CO 07 -rn"-!" Tco-rcMc-i oi co^^oc' -i'cm 



tiaAasooy; 



J Ol o o oc — t^ 



SBUioqx 



__ _ _ _ _ C0»ft-^C0C;'0 0:~C0wI^tOO(-*C0CM0JC0 

CiOOC'COO^-CO'XOCC'CO—^-r-r^^rcOuO-TI-'OCOOOCMOO 

o i-^ CM CO 00 d o; --H »o CO OO CD :z: ^' -r »(0 X c; oci OC' o U3 lO CM CO 



OOCDO'-— 'CMOiirjCOCD-T'OOCMCM'— 't^-TOiCO' 



' CO r- CD r-- CO CO 



I CMCOCOCD-fCCt^GCiC^4I^'— ICO-— 'GCOOC>CDOCn>CO'— 'CM't^O'lCD 
QimiJlirT I I'-ClGOClCO-t'O-IOClI^— 'CI I^«0— *'—'(-•— '—t^OCOCM'—'CMCi 

aau^u^^l^ ocor^QO-r-f-— 'CMa:»nioor:^cDc^it--co'— '.— >cD'— cDioio-t*co 
jaAOOJ^ [:c cM-r^-^'-r coc^i-r-— '>— ' cm co-— 'co cocm 



sjo^oaig 
^pAasooy 



iCOlOiOCMCO-^OCifS-^OCMCOCOCOCOCO-— '1— 'OitOOCCOOiCM 
-fCDcDOSCCCO' — lOOOCMOi — CMt— OCOCOCDOO'— 'COCliOOO-— t 

coccooi>-t^rcc"wCDr^i-.-r-^iCoO'— 'OOOGcoco-rcoiC'— 't^"^ 



i-^ -^ r, I, CT- oc ■ 



COCO-^CM — COCO*OCDGMCO 



CJ 



-="2 
d.i: o 



a = 



M 






■V2 '^2 c/: :^ a; oi 



£•-■ 

S o 



£; g £ J; tS i =J |:5 S 

>. c 5 .-? .2 '^ -"^ ^ ^r ^r =« =« 



o 



Election Returns 



209 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES— PRIMARY 1952 



Counties 


Olive 


Umstead 


Dunaway 


Alamance 


5,948 

914 

343 

l.SfiO 

797 

320 

1,190 

1,7.54 

2,1.39 

1,715 

9,f)77 

3,560 

5,573 

2,946 

420 

1,621 

1,058 

1,852 

1,637 

616 

377 

182 

4,014 

3,290 

2,001 

4,257 

392 

539 

9.031 

768 

3,032 

8,037 

4,006 

10,565 

2, .331 

6,985 

397 

481 

761 

1,090 

9,546 

3,897 

3,262 

5,037 

985 

1,229 

565 

507 

3,717 

1,298 

4,885 

1,023 

1,838 

2,163 

1,815 

821 

835 

1,978 


4,232 

1,306 

1,133 

2,230 

2,033 

305 

2,318 

1,159 

2,058 

1,199 

11,467 

3,133 

4,725 

2,756 

762 

2,517 

1,073 

4,441 

2,192 

1,626 

599 

539 

5,040 

3,979 

2,831 

4,298 

1,038 

875 

807 

583 

2,375 

11,378 

3,769 

8,422 

1,871 

6,603 

712 

594 

2,597 

1,.326 

11,890 

4,771 

2,777 

1,858 

1,717 

876 

839 

564 

6,188 

1,816 

4,256 

768 

2,186 

4,187 

2,631 

1,119 

1,118 

1,704 


34 


Alexander 


13 


Alleghany 

Anson 

Ashe 

Averv 


3 

36 

8 

2 


Beaufort 


44 


Bertie : 

Bladen 


18 
46 


Brunswick 

Buncombe 


34 
300 


Burke 


23 


Cabarrus 

Caldwell 


21 
63 


Camden 


21 


Carteret 


23 


Caswell 


17 


Chatham 


40 
36 




37 


Chowan 


10 


Clay 


14 


Clevelaiid 


46 




92 


Craven 


43 




76 


Currituck 


21 




9 


Davidson 


25 




4 


Duplin 


58 




153 


Edgecombe 


38 




239 


Franklin 


34 




65 


Gates 


11 




9 


Granville 


17 


Guilford 


12 
140 


Halifax 


120 


Harnett 


24 




32 


Henderson 


24 


Hertford . 


8 


Hoke 


16 


Hvde 


25 


Iredell 


169 




29 


Johnston 


53 




2 


Lee 


22 




36 


Lincoln 


15 




23 


Madison . . . . 


17 




34 



210 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES- 

(Continued) 



-PRIMARY 1952 



Counties 


Olive 


Umstead 


Dunaway 


McDowell 


2,464 

11,950 

380 

976 

1,658 

4,840 

4,973 

2,086 

2,177 

1,594 

640 

781 

1,422 

1,044 

1,711 

3,336 

781 

2,087 

4,1)46 

4,052 

3,613 

7,187 

2,029 

2,180 

1,903 

2,109 

828 

4,170 

977 

864 

561 

2,586 

3,478 

12,817 

1,545 

1,082 

253 

3,634 

1,519 

3,429 

1,204 

832 


2,029 
17,326 

323 
1.018 
2,997 
4,618 
7,317 
2,180 
1,683 
3,314 

526 
1,620 
1,219 

651 
2,371 
3,960 
1,310 
2,102 
2,698 
6,451 
3,893 
5,165 
5.258 
2,313 
2,228 
2,378 
1,520 
3,266 

784 
1,755 

665 

2,650 

2,093 

14,654 

1,615 

760 
1,345 
3,928 
3.011 
3,726 

787 

477 


43 


Mecklenburg 


400 


Mitchell 


2 


Montgomery 


9 


Moore 

Nash . . 


37 

41 


New Hanover 


137 


Northampton 


35 


Onslow 

Orange 


36 
27 


Pamlico 


11 


Pasquotank 


17 


Pender 


20 


Perquimans 


5 


Person 


25 


Pitt 


42 


Polk 


30 


Randolph 


20 


Richmond 


65 


Robeson 


131 


Rockingham 


45 


Rowan . 


112 


Rutherford 


104 


Sampson 


47 


Scotland 


38 


Stanly 


36 


Stokes 


12 


Surrv 


27 


Swain 


13 


Transylvania 


55 


Tyrrell 


18 


Union 


72 


Vance 


30 


Wake 


120 


Warren 


12 


Washington 


12 


Watauga 


3 


Wavne 


56 


Wilkes 


14 


\V hon 


54 


Yadkin 


18 


Yancey 


5 






Total 


265,675 


294,170 


4,660 







Election Returns 



211 



•Jf '[pM1!9C. -J -H ^-^^ 



_ _ ^ _ _ __ . - ;, -}. *q _ r^ ,— ,^ 

J — -o ,_ cc 'M lO 



-ri t-- C5 c> c» 



-I CM CI ^ -r ^ . 



;BJOOUI3Q 



00-- 'oocT'-— i-Hcc— «-:r'C5!:oociasOiOOOiOcco»0'*<x;— 'C^^Hio— 'coc^ 



cococ^-^-n^'-tfoco'^coooascooD 



Tt<c^co-^cO'-Hi-tc^oot^cq«-H.-(ecc<i 



9AlSSajS0J(J 

90U(j Aa^p^ 



oo c^ oi cc oo oc 03 •— ' c~- 1'- -r 03 cc QO -t" ic -T — ■ iC' -+ :o : 






1— 'iCt^ioO'—i'- "cc-r»i~iinitir>-^i-^oo-+'0'— •c-i'— 't^-fiOTCSt^-Trr-^c^o 



1-^ ^ 



COC-1-H-I-CO^^'-^t^^»^t^'— ' 



UBCl[qnd3}j 






^- t- :c cc -r •— i^ c^ 03 



< C^l -^ ^ 



J^JOOUI^Q 






-rdCSd'— ■CDCIU^ 



: ^ O' cc cs - 



- .-4 00 »C ■n' CO 1-1 









^ r- -fcM cs 



.— t Ift i-< (M .— I i-H 



:^BJ0Oai8Q 

uo'^qSnoj^ 
aniApiv T 



cvDt-ostOGO'— '■rrooicoiocot--cooc:xc^ocr'-'iccccooO'-<o-rr'— -ot^ 

cod-— •tTCC'— I-— 'Oi»0»raCO'-H'— I-— <(M 



i oo Oi so GC CD OS c^ 1— • (N w5 Ot >— I r- o t-- "^ -* o t— t- CO 00 -r ■-« CO -^ c^ to r-1 eg 
imoirnndaiT I oDO'*^-^occt-^-ococoO'^CIc:3050i^cO'-'^£^l00^a>alGO•--|^-(^a050 
'*"'!lM a coTrcDco»nooc<i'— «coco-^oocooi oi-^fococ^j.— (iccqc^coc— »oi— <as 



uiossTJQ ra^iiiiQ 



CD Ol — I -^ C^ r-l 



.— t c: U5 T CO 



>— ' t— (M CO -— ' (M ' 









(j-BjooraaQ 



o 

O 



MC<)Ot^l00500cOiC"4'-rT'OOiOCCOC^O'^OCO'--iU^»i^CV|COG5'^U5t— (O 
(^l-^^Ht--O»ft00C0C'C0'— <COiOO^>aS'-<OCr— OCOOt-C^J^O-^CDQOOOCQ 

■^C5^>cocoaoroTf^cocsiooo^oco- ^ — -«_«.« ,«^r-^ 



4CDOOcoccc^oso;CO"^iOcoc:C 



oo<M(>j'«*'iO icccrccqrot— 05CD'-HC'^cscscoeo'-H'-iCD»o>o»o— <--*coc<i 



oot-.c-iaicoo»o»oc:c:;'— '— ^oiirt-— 'C^-^as05-^coTfT-«cCGC-Hi>.ooc3c2 
t-^.r^,_HO'^»OD;-rraci>-ocGOt---coiOQOOot— "^oocooocoooc^r-csit^co^^ 
ooooc^cncDoc ccooc^]a;ioi>- r-— »oooC'>— < (Moct^cooo ■^■^co 



^ OO -^ CO CO 



.-H »0 C^ CO 



— i.— ttCOOOCOO-— 'Ot-OOCI---»DOCDQO— 't-COCD'— "COt-^CC-— '-^t^COOO 

o-fcoioOcoc^fcriOC'— ciosO-^io-T^crit^coioco-rcoT^r— c^ico-— < 

OOiCTi(Mt— OT''— ■•O'— 'C500-r»Oa3-5'OOCO-- COCDCO'— '■— "-^ot— coco-^ 




,_, _, 3 rt rt rt 

COOQQO 



212 



North Carolina Manual 



-73 

C 
o 



l-H 

I 

(M 

CO 
OS 



cs 

3 
O 

u 

o 

o 
O 

In 
O 

«4-l 








moiiqnclay 


05co-rCT>ir>-(r)0'ricz?';oGr'0-r--t^':oc^]ir5cooo«r'':ot^c:oiO-^aiGCcri 

OcoOOcD^^Or^»f5c:oa:0^':D'X5-r'I--cC(r>cocc-t'r-iOO»0-r':i?CC':D 

.-' 10 CO CO »-( w CONOCO oocoec --h " >o (M -r cc -r 




■^coasOcocC''-HC/3co-rt'c<ic:ico»oco"t'rN'— 'OOcocDioc^occo-f'OCi 
c^ Ci r- cc O' cr^ CO 00 io CO iri CO -- CO CO 10 GO t-- ai GO CO a:> c: — ■ CO og o-i i-^ lO 1 ■- 

o-r-ri^cO'Cricoco-^as—i -H-rco-rocsoiutiiCi— 'COcvii:--oii--Ci»ocC'^^ 


!r)'^aic>iiO'M^^i/3<MOOc;oC'Cn»ccO'— ' ^-r — ^»ct^ccrocoiO»oo 

C'l CO <M CO ^- ,_,>—< 10 


cc 


aAisssjjOjj 
sou J Ajuj^ 


0iC0UtiIr^'TP'1'O1^t-^O3t^0C'Ot0-f-fOOc0»C-^C:c0OI--t'C0C0»OOl 

0: CO -r -t^ ■—■ r-. i— ^ _ -0 ^ Ti 

10 CO -f ^ 


ut!0i]qncl3y 
pjBijo'HJj -j^'aBjo,!;) 


COiOCO^-r^OCr-fcO^CO-fCMOCOOOCiOas-HCOlOCOt^Ot^COiCOt^ 
■^GCiOiCO-T'CO-^05>dtOCOGOCOO"*OC'OCT-fCOr--r'COC10Ct:OG:jGCcOI-^ 

cccvi'^c^a'— lO O'^ -rc<it--iCco — -r-j-co' ic^-f — — co— • 

0-1CC»0^ Ci^O^-f COOlOl COCSICOOICO 


?'BJ0Oni8Q 


(M-— '— nOcrsci'^cor— lO'+'coiccocoOco'^coGCccr^cs'— 'coor^— 'CiO 
cc^QC'GOin»ocoioi--ccoc^a:cocoo«c-rr-Ci'-H<:oo2^coi-r-ai-fcn 
1-^ — 1 1-~ CO CD ^ oi CO GOi -I- 'O; ctj — ' i-H a; ^1 »o oc -7- CO c^i :o u:; • :^' — I-- CO r- -r 

co-rcot-^-rrco -Hcoo3-+coi--QC-rc^]— < gc-tO' — coio-fcooi-f-rio 


-r 


ireoijqnday 


.— i-T"^cOOOJCOOwcO^GOt-^OiOOOOOOOC't^COOOCOaMO»OCOOOCOOO 

QocoogcoQot^oocDoiooco-i-GC'CRr^ursO'-'CO'-^'— -rtooocooocot-- 
(M-rcsicqi— It-- coi-H -ft—oc'cooa ^cNicocoo^^cocoio-t-(M^^i-H 

^CM00^.-< oojcq-r -^03-r coM-rc^wi 




^-•c^scoc<lC2coc^^c^aco-*m^^a^c<^w:lT-.c<^coT-.OcocoO'^^ooclCOC»w5Tt' 
Ocococ^oc^^co■— ■'-H^ooQcooociTt^coi>-CicD05r--t^i>-cicot--.r*'-t'QOoo 

COfNI-fail>-COOQO^C-)iCiCOCOC005 0C't^t^-^'-<01'-'-^01-^COO]^03^ 


mcococcco-r-HT-Hcooq-rcDcoi^-f^^ ooTGO-^co-f-foioi-t^cQOO 

^ ^ ^ Ol CSl 


O 
-r 


u'EOijqndag 


CiOq05COOOCC»OTfCOC0005COOO-^COOOCOC000501'— •t^t^icasoi'i**^ 

O^iococooocor-^coooooo^-— 'fioOicocot-r-ic-r-^cDOOt^^^ 

.— iQCt-hOC'— 'OO Oi— < GO-— 'C<JC^CO (MCOCOCDi— i-rc^OOliC •— '-T 

i-iT-iicco-— 1 co<Moqco cocs-r COOl-fiM-f 


jBjooraaQ 
iio^qSnojg 


'--iC^3(M^COOC't---T"^CO'OCCOOC'COI>.OCM'-HCCTj-'rt-cOOOcOOr^CO»niCO 
0i-t'OCC-*iCiOC001CNI>.O-^OC0Cj0^^±''^OCi't"U^O00CS-T(N(NQ0 

cooiO'-riO'-'Cscooioocoou^co'^coco^cviiOt^cocooaaOo^tCcot-- 


»n-+'GO'— '-t"!--,— 1>— iCOC^lCOOOCOGOCOOli— t-— i0--r05i— (COCO'^'COCO'^iOOS 
'— (M ■^ Oa ^ 05 


CO 
CO 


uBOiiqnday 
mossuy'uiBjdrr) 


-^0;_-^-j-CNju:,t^00C0O'Ol^-r00^ — CSiCiOiCOC'Oar^t-^OQO'-H^I'OO 

^oco — *ocoococoo-^c:ir:.^oooic;0'^»nroOii--oj — Oiic^t--iO 
t^cDt--o»or^'-Hcococ^ooociojOQo;'— ■r—'cooC'OiO'— tOt---i-^-i-oc<ioico 

»-(--r »0 ^ 'Tt^'^COCO'^ ^COiO — COO-l-f C0»0 


jujoomaQ 
.fooH -H apA-IO 


ic.— w^co— 'tccocqt^oiOico^cotMt^ooiiC-fco^cocooor-osoiai 

CI-— tOCr—CO — -HCOClCTJCOCOCO-fCM — I^-COiOr^tOCOOlO'CMOICOC^COUO 

»coC'r-GO-t't^-t'-T'oooococoiOT--ici.— .i^occ»ow^-Ti-^0 0)'— '■— 'Oi-— '-r 


iCcr;»ooi-rij;ti'— 1.— .cooiottcc'coociooj-— ''-HCi-roi--icoic»ocococo»o--t' 


CO 


ireoqqndag 


c: -f I ^ DC' CO' c^ =;■ -r ^ c:; cr. oi CO :r; —< CO <M CO QC J 0: -^' cr. — 1=; DC' CO 01 

CiOCOCC — C^C0CS^^00C^lC^)»CCCClGCc0C0 0Ct^yD-HiOOl^-C0'MI-C:O 
w CO 01 CO C^ 03 Cvl (M I^ C-1 t^ 0; Cvj ^ t^ QC C: -^ t- CO 3C CO iC »d O 


}BJDomaQ 
sn^qStiuqa -g -3 p 


iM«o-rt-ot-^-roicot>-o-foio-T"io»o»oi>>C". ococ:^3-r-^I•-oc^l■- 
■^^-GOlrtl-^lc^^-+ot--«ococ:co■t--lO^-c;ocI-:o■— '■^c:oc:i-i^c^]0) 
irsooouriC^ascMcooo-rrio-^o^aicoocT^aicoco-r-TOco-roicot^cco 


^COlC-rriTti(Mi-ii-.CO'MQOCDCOcOu:).-'w OO-Tf^Ol-— iCO-f-t'COC^CO-^Oi 




00 

1 




















Mi M : : i i ; i ; ; U M M ; ; M ; ; ; Mj| 

llllllll iMIIIIitllli.llJlilJ 



Election Returns 



213 



eo (M "^ ■— " c^i i-t 



CO O ^ --< ' 



OC' CO CO .— ( CO 1— ' 



o:o--ocz:icocccc»o-rc^3t-*ccitcc/:oa:;co»oc^c:^n'u^r^--OiCi-~^ct-^cvic-i':cccrocr^GOc;c:o 



i-HP0CO'-<»O-^"^COr 



'Tt^C^.-<rfCMOOOOO-H-^»OOil>-COOO"^CSC<J'^ G0':0 — CO<N-^ast-CiCCCC 



!>. OC' -— I cc cc c-i c; "C CO c^i c^ co -r :^ lO -f -^ c: c; t— ^- -r oj o 01 1^ oi -f -m ■— oi ;o — c:i re »c — 



d --- C^ ■— I 



CI -^ -rr -^ 



iC CO -* i— ' (M 



iCicccc^oi-^oocoot^cO'— coco-HOO-r-rt^r^03-rco2cocc:r^Oci:oi^-- oi-rccDT^^cc-j^c 
Or^'^OCO':DcOOtc>-rir^C:ClC^trt-— cOClOtOJTJt-^iO'— '^cc^-»J^:K'*O'^tJ^:Ot^00'-Hif5C0'*t^ 



1— iM'TtiocOlCOCO-T''— 'CSlT— 



cooC'Mooicoc>'OOt-iO(Mcc-f:z:'CMco 



■^-T'— 'C^-— tcot^cotccsco 



'-HOOCO1CC0 cO'-Hx;cocO'-HTt*c^»f2ioiitii:cit-^03-t'cr:^Hi>--or--.-^'— lOic; 



'-•^COOcC>0■^0:01— t.— tOOOiOO 

oiGCcocO'-H'^cjOiOO'^cofro 



CO-H C<l ^ 



C-liO-^^O i^CO-f-— 'M 



C^COClCOClifi<r>05GCCl.--CC>-H^-OlcOO'n"«OCC:OiOU:5CX:!03;'^0'--<<OGOCC05COOiCOC0010GO 

to---roco-t^'«-^or-'----c^ccicootoO'— cor^<r^^oI>-c::a:■c<^»ftr-.cococococc■QCl00^ro■OlO 
c;i---occooccO"^'^C'j:ot--c;'^cc-+'-t^rtc^'^c^ioO??»cc;»C'— 'OiC'ioocC'-^r^cO'— o---rc^ 

c^cot^ascooico'-i'M'-H cMi>.(Mf-iot-soc:t^-rc^iocoi>-<Mco lC'^oC'(^J-^cocol0^r^r^^co 



05(^3co0'— co■^»C'--co"^c:t■--u^•^t^Ir^co^Hl:ocl':cc<^»ococ:co--ooc'^^-•u5u5■^'--'t^eoco"^r^^ 
c^cO'C^Oi»ccDi>.:Dco':oc^c^i-^oO'— ■^O'^'^cr^ciocosi'^caoccriciCNi*— 'r^oc^-cii>-co»cc;'— ' 
c^t--cocot-. '-Hoouoc'i'— i^^d-— i-t'Occt^cor^c^sC'— icot^— 'coocoioc^-^ co»cco-^co— :o 



"^ o-i -^ >— t c<i 



1-H CO ^ OC' 



QO<o»ccoCTiO'--co'^c^lOl«^*Oicocqcoooco^-o:coccco»no50;oociI>•oo(^^c£^os•--'00(^^cocDC> 
coco'rr<co^HcocDc»OiOco"^cjco"^oqo^c>)C»'— 'Ot^occcoco-^r^cocDu^coiOT— cs^coco^* 
coo-^c^lall^-c<^^^co■^J^c^'-HOOilO■^■^c^lOO■ClC^<^cO'--oo"^c^lOcoc^^^^-•£^t^•-Hco'^ 

>— <co'^c»occoc^co'— •coc^-'-coCiC-iocoai'— •cooC40c^O"^oc<^^co--^o■^occ^'-Hcot>-^^t^ 



'-H05C0'XlOil3lCOt000OC0COOC^I»O'-HOC0t^■^^000C^C000^-^^0i0iO'-H.-H■rf'C^C000^-"^•— <io 

cooiooclo:>o-rc»t•--coo^-^^■^c^^I^ooo^^c^lco'C'CCOlOC■c)o•— 'oicoQOifSOco— "Ooic^cocoo 
coi^oococo-— ic^jocococO'— ■t^o^t-^"^C5 0-t"inc^"^coi>-iCcO'-'0:coicr^^c:ogcDt--co»o<rO'n'i>- 



CO O CS -— ' » 



-— ' t^ — -r CO ic »o -^ CO *c cq -- 



CO C^ CO --< "* (M 



-t'-^.— t■n•cooccOl0^^cocou^col«•«oeo'^»ct^^^coc:--coc;oc^1coclO---<NOC^•— 'Ciino-100 

COC^C^C5CC-T"rrc:;0'CO:CC0'Tt"CCI-^--i-H,--^CiiCC0«OC^^OCC'C0O»OC0O00t^'— 'CCOU^CJ-^OOO 
<OCOCOCOt-^Tt--TO'^00^'— 'COC^»«OOit^C:'— .■^CV10C''-HOOOCOOCOiC^t^>— 'l-^t---asOM0Ct>.W3 

»-<COCOCOCOCO(NCO'— 'COOq'-'C<100(Nt^lC05 Go"o as iOCM<CiCO00C^(M I>.CO»CC<1'-<COCOCDIOC<)CO 



12 



1— iC35ir30ooC"rrt-^coc;t^co-*'0— ii--cr. -Hcot-^icoc^-— '-fio 
*Oi>-oococ;c^(MCi»ococotcoc<ico^--T'cod-r'— '>— 'CTit--'— ' 



— <:o(Mt^t^csi^t^t-^»0'^'-<c^ioco 
CO i-i cc t- m 10 »o 



"— 1 > 1 '^i^ 5, -J l-- l^ k_J^ l-- 



c^oiOi— liOt^cioioooMcooicD'Xi'— '05^»o--'Coo2Cou^i^«-H■rrcoot^lOOi^^co«?I-^oC'OOic<i 
coMc;-t''~Hi>.oci.— "^o^t--.— iOo^oo'^ciCi-t"Oit--oaico>C!Cccoco'-r"oiutic>cor--'— tc^it^ioo 
t■^Clc^o^cD<^^toai■^l-HOlcO"*0"^co^-Ci"^ooc•■^':o<lOt-^•ralC^OlCGOt■^GC'^t^<:ococooc^t--co 

'-H(^a--rt^cDCOCSJCVl'-lCO'— «r-HC^I>.C^t>-'«5it^t--.OiOO^C^W5COt--C^Cq iCC0*rPC4.-(C0CD»O»OCC|C0 



^ s 

"CO 

.ti o o 



c3 a 
:K S fe K 



O t. 



fe^-i gage's 



a 

^- .2 






:S =-=^-3 -f- 



^~5 : 

g i' i' = >. ?: . - ,j. -^ 



M S. ■ ■ ■ 

. g.a §^5?=g.9& 

... __,-.. ... ^. -.".-. ='~r= s n 

fL,S:;KKp:;Kc;:^xa.xyiXr-r-S>::::;S:S:S?::Ss;>->( 



o 55. 



O O = 3 



214 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES 

1944 AND 1948 



1944 

FOR (;()Vp]RNOR— 

R. 'In-Kg ('hcrrv 185,027 

Ralph McDonaid 134,661 

011a Ray Boyd 2 , 069 

FOR LIEUTENANT nOVERNOR— 

L. Y. Ballentiiie 181 ,002 

W. I. Halstead 59,246 

Jamie T. Lyda 18,940 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— 

Thad Eure 218,984 

\V. N. Crawford 55,274 

FOR STATE AUDITOR— 

George Ross Pou 197 , 348 

Fred S. Hunter 71,151 

FOR STATE TREASURER— 

Charles M. Johnson 219, 198 

L. J. Phipps 45,475 

■ 1948 

First Primary 

FOR (iOVERNOR— 

Charles M. Johnson 170, 141 

W. Kerr Scott 161 ,293 

R. Mayne Albright 76,281 

Oscar Barker 10,871 

W. F. Stanley, Sr 2,428 

011a Ray Boyd 2,111 

Second Primary 

W. Kerr Scott 217,620 

( 'harles M. Johnson 182 ,684 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

H. P. Taylor 240,251 

Dan Tompkins 100,079 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— 

Thad Eure 257,260 

John T. Armstrong 103, 118 

FOR STATE AUDITOR— 

Henry L. Bridges 192,458 

Charles \V. Miller 128,797 

FOR STATE TREASURER— 

Brandon P. Hodges 180,340 

James B. Vogler 122,656 

Z. W. FrazzeUe 36,200 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR— 

Forrest Shuford 212, 139 

Donald B. Sherrill 114,532 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE— 

Watt H. Gragg (R) 9. "98 

G. L. Willard (R) 5,288 



Election Returns 



215 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 
1952, BY COUNTIES 







Lieutenant Governoi 






Commissioner 
of Insurance 


Counties 


d 
ll 


O 




"a 


a !a 


OS 






Alannance 


1,031 

161 

246 

252 

307 

36 

134 

105 

177 

154 

1,029 

366 

1,136 

666 

32 

148 

128 

597 

244 

388 

39 

78 

951 

445 

266 

716 

49 

36 

2,343 

319 

200 

1,230 

480 

2,268 

316 

1,309 

42 

41 

280 

109 

2,811 

548 

419 

419 

99 

109 

91 

56 

1,844 

111 

498 


1,569 

754 

132 

751 

461 

164 

971 

990 

2,092 

647 

4,024 

1,624 

3,512 

867 

209 

2,312 

184 

1,779 

1,182 

790 

326 

331 

2,093 

2,331 

2,297 

2,544 

426 

408 

1,640 

145 

2,544 

5,982 

3,486 

1,886 

1,741 

3,328 

223 

511 

881 

698 

3,635 

2,607 

1,273 

1,541 

1,417 

496 

487 

177 

1,250 

1,186 

3,205 


5,288 

556 

464 

1,975 

1,234 

222 

1,509 

969 

997 

664 

12,584 

3,444 

3,858 

2,544 

368 

824 

1,358 

2,581 

1,584 

703 

346 

188 

3,606 

2,036 

1,181 

2,546 

415 

420 

3,859 

636 

1,194 

8,036 

2,065 

7,224 

1,289 

6,331 

298 

247 

1,466 

813 

11,730 

3,857 

2,847 

3,161 

800 

829 

515 

437 

4,508 

1,398 

2,927 


834 
116 
101 
605 
191 
59 
243 
227 
377 
833 

1,727 
444 

1,084 
640 
203 
294 
149 
397 
352 
114 
77 
53 

1,058 

1,116 
417 

1.166 
233 
149 
677 
71 
337 

1,831 
530 
700 
391 

1,055 

146 

60 

251 

169 

1,370 
768 
761 
529 
188 
176 
158 
131 

1,245 
150 
895 


52 
13 
12 
11 
33 
1,994 
16 

4 

4 

54 

218 

56 

104 

124 

1 
48 

9 

487 

34 

93 

4 

24 
82 
17 
18 
89 



7 

172 

58 

6 
72 

4 
247 

4 
173 

5 
174 



1 

212 

11 

27 

103 

289 

3 

8 

4 

75 
29 
66 


8 

6 

4 

2 

1 

465 

4 



1 

34 

46 

17 

30 

50 



6 



69 

3 

6 

2 

2 

10 

19 

4 

11 

(1 

2 

29 

11 

5 

14 

2 

39 
1 

34 
1 

35 



73 
3 
7 

15 

59 

4 
1 

18 
2 

24 


6,019 

892 

536 

1,631 

1,309 

284 

1,807 

1,444 

1,991 

1 131 

10,563 

3,480 

6,217 

2,734 

411 

2,7.35 

1,033 

3,142 

2,615 

1,192 

491 

386 

4,077 

3,780 

2,501 

4,408 

543 

481 

5,254 

647 

2,726 

15,257 

4,599 

10,649 

2,599 

6,451 

319 

391 

2,176 

1,182 

13,907 

5,321 

3,887 

3,193 

1,414 

1,020 

824 

473 

6,392 

1.694 

5,137 


2,122 




390 


Alleghany 


200 


Anson 


1.623 


Ashe 


378 


Avery 


157 


Beaufort 


730 


Bertie . ... 


532 


Bladen 


1.201 


Brunswick 


746 


Buncombe 


6.463 


Burke 


1.759 


Cabarrus 


2.731 


Caldwell 


1.490 


Camden . . 


318 


Carteret 


616 


Caswell 


563 


Catawba 


1.473 


Chatham 


528 


Cherokee 


612 


Chowan 


192 


Clay 


215 


Cleveland 


2.791 




1.750 


Craven 


1.070 


Cumberland 


1.965 


Currituck 


437 


Dare 


391 


Davidson 


2.476 


Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 


259 

99(i 
1.797 
1,348 
5,479 

933 
4.484 

258 


Graham 


317 


Granville 

Greene 


519 
353 




3.943 


Halifax 


1.962 
1.124 


Haywood 


1.944 


Henderson 


694 


Hertford 


393 


Hoke 


356 


Hyde 


233 


Iredell 


2.476 




896 


Johnston 


1,611 



216 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 

1952, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 





Lieutenant Governor 


Commissioner 
of Insurance 


Counties 


o 

1" 


(D 

& 
O 

K 

Pi 


|l 

•5-0 

3S 


2 




OS 

is 


d 
-a CD 

:£0 


^•1 


Jones 


77 

304 

480 

396 

126 

73 

173 

267 

2,278 

30 

127 

318 

493 

415 

258 

237 

282 

35 

76 

55 

50 

529 

331 

136 

417 

478 

892 

769 

1,638 

357 

315 

191 

319 

762 

2,109 

237 

141 

36 

226 

336 

2,688 

164 

61 

94 

428 

665 

654 

603 

71 


470 

386 

1,820 

1,053 

334 

623 

709 

808 

6,603 

183 

255 

1,192 

3,459 

5,779 

1,099 

1,388 

969 

312 

790 

2,065 

526 

1,853 

2,428 

633 

323 

1,438 

3,205 

457 

3,128 

1,797 

1,310 

684 

1,111 

267 

713 

350 

374 

183 

752 

2,183 

9,872 

985 

649 

672 

2.548 

2,478 

3,455 

90 

207 


450 

2,759 

1,881 

1,863 

976 

764 

1,583 

2.046 

14,223 

244 

1,161 

2,033 

3,154 

1,807 

1,692 

696 

2,644 

398 

743 

285 

435 

856 

2,893 

696 

2,440 

2,851 

3,269 

5,660 

5,405 

4,261 

1,090 

1,671 

1,932 

966 

2,853 

618 

1,569 

382 

2,753 

1,803 

10,211 

1,241 

591 

641 

2,567 

1,343 

1,369 

787 

681 


179 
280 
621 
352 
265 
122 
367 
494 

3.459 
163 
184 
657 
679 

3,427 
490 
358 
349 
82 
324 
144 
127 
246 
520 
326 
363 
980 

1,404 
273 

1,038 
462 
458 
689 
498 
90 
356 
136 
278 
134 
686 
511 

2,342 
293 
258 
41 
701 
188 
554 
142 
78 


1 
31 
13 
90 
16 
780 
3 

43 

617 

1,730 

444 

41 

6 

62 

3 

2 

24 
8 

11 
5 
5 

10 

486 

1,003 

52 

20 

36 

124 
53 

118 
6 

415 
69 
42 
17 
39 

22 

15 

174 

3 

6 

19 
20 
179 
23 
1,177 
35 



2 
5 

16 

8 

111 

1 

8 

151 

193 

57 

11 



31 

2 

1 

5 

1 

2 

2 





14^ 

143 

19 

6 

7 
35 

9 
29 

1 
50 

9 
10 



2 

1 
8 
2 

59 
1 
4 

2 

72 

5 

390 

2 


716 

2,625 
3,686 
2.185 

805 

882 

1,978 

2,014 

15,620 

311 
1,339 
3,229 
5,285 
6,071 
2,259 
1,547 
3,311 

502 
1,172 
1,112 

694 
2,057 
4,304 

798 
3.317 
3.544 
5,873 
4,022 
7,834 
4,191 
2,280 
2,367 
2,361 

922 
3,381 

700 
1,394 

448 

2,288 

3,317 

21,055 

1,949 

988 

953 
4,334 
3,009 
4,207 

810 

585 


327 


Lee 


705 


Lenoir 


1,092 


Lincoln 


1,067 




681 


Madison 

Martin . ... 


352 

705 


McDowell 


1,254 


Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


8,528 
173 


Montgomery .... 


302 


Moore 

Nash 


828 
2,026 
3,545 


Northampton 

Onslow 


882 
741 


Orange 


685 


Pamlico 


197 


Pasquotank 


614 


Pender 


650 


Perquimans 


327 


Person 


867 


Pitt 


1,592 


Polk 


740 


Randoljih 


569 




2,102 


Robeson 

Rockingham 


2,532 
1,537 


Rowan 

Rutherford 


2,776 
2,181 


Sampson 

Scotland 


1,075 
677 


Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 


1,115 

500 

1,485 


Swain 


412 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 


734 

234 

1,512 


Vance 


1,158 


Wake 


3,648 


Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 


586 

478 

301 

1,476 


Wilkes 


583 


AA'ilson 


1,356 




399 


Yancev 


295 






Total 


55,055 


151,067 


226,167 


52,916 


13,463 


2,798 


313,979 


126,901 



Election Returns 



217 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 

1952, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 

Votes Cast for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in the 
Primary of May 31, 1952. (Short Term) 



Counties 


R. Hunt 
Parker 


William H. 
Bobbitt 


Itimous T. 
Valentine 


Oscar 0. 
Efird 


Alamance 

Alexander 


3,413 

194 

120 

492 

260 

73 

1,448 

2,137 

1,762 

1.235 

3,950 

1,722 

1,343 

697 

615 

1,990 

433 

951 

1,499 

581 

438 

162 

1,354 

2,048 

2,350 

4,614 

895 

768 

1,616 

122 

2,084 

11,446 

2,249 

1,965 

1,350 

1,241 

567 

145 

1,998 

665 

6,045 

7,017 

2,884 

1,315 

449 

1,568 

721 

371 

1,119 

504 

3,820 

607 

1,617 

3.139 


1,195 
628 
364 

1,856 
964 
201 
356 
83 
477 
224 
11,821 

2,058 

4,259 

2,256 

93 

237 

265 

1,989 

472 

668 

67 

256 

4,346 
539 
428 
696 
90 
ICO 

2,489 
4.50 
264 

1,120 
437 

3,746 
430 

7.599 

47 

369 

268 

109 

6,697 
220 
483 

2,921 

905 

50 

195 

60 

5,064 

1,474 
791 
123 
578 
388 


2,881 

272 

182 

505 

559 

163 

780 

293 

728 

398 

2,182 

1,231 

2,524 

751 

134 

1,167 

555 

1,012 

944 

243 

242 

155 

859 

2,873 

938 

1,217 

125 

138 

2,284 

193 

1,147 

4,192 

3,469 

2,426 

1,800 

1,010 

123 

148 

483 

784 

4,292 

934 

1,311 

923 

586 

187 

201 

286 

988 

387 

2,454 

382 

889 

1,103 


856 
175 
109 


Anson 


608 


Ashe 


157 




38 


Beaufort 


166 


Bertie 


51 


Bladen 


364 


Brunswick 


303 


Buncombe 


1,622 


Burke 


585 


Cabarrus 


1,394 


Caldwell 


811 


Camden 


51 




147 


Caswell 


265 


Catawba 


726 




208 


Cherokee 


210 




44 


Clay 


51 


Cleveland 


755 




498 


Craven ... ... 


315 




684 


Currituck 

Dare 


49 
50 




1,479 




238 


Duplin 


480 




928 


Edeecombe 


194 




9,651 


Franklin . . . .... 


155 




1,944 


Gates 


61 


Graham 


85 




172 




101 


Guilford 


1,792 


Halifax 


125 


Harnett ... . . . . 


557 


Haywood 


445 


Henderson 


275 


Hertford 


36 


Hoke 


135 


Hyde 


59 


Iredell 


1,398 


Jackson ... 


198 


Johnston 


483 


Jones 


54 


Lee 


386 


Lenoir 


438 



218 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 

1952, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 

Votes Cast for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in the 
Primary of May 31, 1952. (Short Term) 



Counties 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 

Montgomery 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Per()uimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

\Vake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals . , . 



R. Hunt 
Parker 



494 
391 
010 
llf) 

558 

54(; 

67 
342 
(161 
230 
665 
693 
,606 
,352 
546 
535 
,127 
7(11 
170 
911 
338 
761 
283 
241 
653 
475 
215 
389 
730 
716 
196 
758 
335 
464 
404 
684 
314 
903 
617 
623 
135 
136 
453 
798 
172 
135 



165,817 



William H. 
Bobbitt 



1,616 

492 

507 

190 

2,126 

24,192 

160 

592 

1,539 

337 

1,297 

106 

205 

540 

56 

173 

206 

69 

226 

498 

701 

1,346 

1,893 

1.184 

1,593 

5,786 

3,699 

276 

1,032 

1,340 

297 

2,006 

451 

1,387 

63 

1,959 

175 

3,856 

127 

117 

728 

508 

1,289 

525 

476 

715 



142,907 



Itimous T. 
Valeitine 



647 

607 

326 

1,614 

528 

1,183 

196 

387 

1,066 

7,294 

1,906 

978 

636 

952 

212 

253 

511 

342 

629 

2,076 

267 

1,096 

1,174 

2,737 

1,528 

2,123 

828 

654 

650 

682 

522 

975 

398 

326 

251 

644 

564 

9,274 

171 

743 

260 

1,180 

958 

3,131 

295 

123 



110,930 



Oscar 0. 
Efird 



629 
108 
77 
104 
3(10 

1,122 

30 

328 

388 

145 

1,831 

76 

190 

373 

37 

124 

198 

80 

197 

553 

369 

314 

1,240 
821 
664 

1,439 
723 
190 
445 
832 
476 

1,098 
108 
159 
38 
932 
160 

1,454 

57 

73 

117 

463 

394 

456 

443 

45 



53,561 



Election Returns 



219 



Votes Cast for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in the 
Primary of May 31, 1952. (Regular Term) 



Counties 



Alamance . . 
Alexander . . 
Alleghany . . 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort . . . 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick . . 
Buncombe. . 

Burke 

Cabarrus. . . 
Caldwell.... 
Camden . . . 
Carteret. . . . 
Caswell . . . 
Catawba . . . 
Chatham . . 
Cherokee. . . 
Chowan . . . . 

Clay 

Cleveland . . 
Columbus . . 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck . . 

Dare 

Davidson . . 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham . . . 
Edgecombe . 
Forsyth . . . . 
Franklin . . . 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham . . . . 
Granville . . . 

Greene 

Guilford... 

Halifa.x 

Harnett. . . . 
Haywood . . 
Henderson . . 
Hertford . . . 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson . . . . 
Johnston . . . 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 



R. Hunt 
Parker 



2,348 

115 

36 

202 

109 

37 

1,251 

2,114 

1,437 



,045 

,228 

,199 

801 

318 

532 

,728 

83 

601 

,206 

399 

380 

102 

981 

,673 

,138 

,275 

776 

703 

944 

70 

,771 

10,205 

2,144 

1,402 

1,256 

926 

496 

107 

1,703 

548 

3,740 

6,807 

2,621 

907 

279 

1,517 

554 

308 

757 

310 

3,156 

579 

1,264 

2,894 



1, 



1, 



1, 



William H. 
Bobbitt 



853 
427 
152 
884 
555 
128 
278 
73 
365 
185 
10,409 



157 

2,942 

1,276 

65 

194 

47 

1,540 

336 

565 

61 

118 

2,990 
407 
384 
600 
98 
103 

1,714 
303 
189 
918 
354 

2,950 
344 

6,550 

36 

243 

200 

96 

5,075 
226 
386 

2,424 

629 

45 

133 

54 

3,763 

1,246 
625 
113 
435 
302 



Itimous T. 
Valentine 



2,174 
167 

68 
181 
299 

84 
628 
261 
600 
321 
1,678 
780 
1,509 
437 
136 
988 

75 
734 
723 
155 
288 

92 
597 



872 
1,061 

116 

118 
1,667 

151 
1,031 
3,691 
3,150 
1,847 



677 
871 
115 
106 
356 
707 

2,682 
889 

1,160 
780 
381 
174 
168 
214 
767 
267 

2,078 
343 
719 

1,014 



Allen H. 
Gwyn 



2,063 

442 

574 

158 

659 

150 

357 

36 

255 

116 

1,164 

1.606 

2,065 

1 ,328 

41 

305 

1,731 

823 

384 

262 

22 

228 

987 

391 

167 

291 

46 

31 

1,784 

293 

171 

1 , 725 

339 

2,454 

147 

783 

35 

91 

501 

208 

5,381 

123 

324 

840 

810 

43 

78 

118 

1,201 

496 

1,060 

43 

492 

167 



F. Donald 
Phillips 



364 
109 
100 
2,019 
335 

76 

90 

28 
298 
170 
1,223 
714 
1,155 
672 

28 
122 

28 
639 
258 
310 

43 

60 

1,363 

414 

135 

317 

28 

28 
852 

67 
299 
383 
218 
1,203 
129 
691 

23 
172 

48 

40 
1,213 
112 
213 
238 
165 

15 
245 

66 

1,093 

244 

241 

56 
229 
249 



Oscar 0. 
Efird 



611 

92 

43 

250 

62 

15 

126 

36 

312 

242 

1,275 

249 

959 

473 

27 

92 

44 

425 

165 

107 

32 

32 

532 

427 

265 

582 

40 

34 

1,040 

140 

422 

622 

160 

7,790 

122 

1,604 

52 

30 

130 

78 

1,282 

97 

436 

340 

184 

36 

94 

37 

1,009 

125 

339 

52 

299 

402 



220 



North Carolina Manual 



Votes Cast for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in the 
Primary of May 31, 1952. (Regular Term) — (Continued) 



Counties 



Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell . , 
Mecklenburg. 
Mitchell , , 
Montgomery. 
Moore ...... 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasfjuotank. 

Pender 

Penjuimans . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randoljih , . . 
Richmond . . . 

Robeson 

Rockingham. . 

Rowan 

Rutherford . . 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington . . 

Watauga 

V\'avne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals . . . 



R. Hunt 
Parker 



348 

267 

509 

1,004 

435 

1,300 

48 

232 

532 

1,119 

5,093 

2,696 

1,413 

1,949 

470 

1.314 

1,076 

613 

1,876 

2,554 

133 

505 

340 

3,455 

403 

981 

859 

1,977 

213 

395 

• 66 

373 

164 

323 

312 

379 

4,120 

9,852 

2,568 

589 

59 

3,590 

188 

1,136 

76 

93 



135,079 



William H. 
Bobbitt 



1,163 
365 
362 
142 

1,610 
23,002 
121 
343 
893 
274 

1,2(.16 

98 

156 

498 

52 

124 

165 

59 

156 

435 

321 

936 

470 

849 

354 

4,313 

3,057 
242 
347 
654 
116 

1,089 
313 

1,041 
63 

1,252 
159 

3,460 
102 
113 
309 
431 
521 
279 
357 
559 



109,476 



Itiirous T. 
Valentine 



434 
517 
295 

1,475 
418 

1,013 
162 
241 
476 

7,192 

1,725 
895 
582 
785 
197 
190 
399 
,322 
451 

1,860 
154 
834 
351 

2,113 
283 

1,639 
694 
545 
181 
297 
128 
367 
296 
260 
258 
443 
492 

8,172 
161 
674 
124 

1,004 
451 

2,074 

171 

92 



86,462 



Allen H. 
Gwyn 



799 
201 
320 
124 
697 
483 
119 
253 
305 
228 
374 

67 
112 
417 

30 
126 

81 

36 

470 

593 

906 

706 

160 

529 

5,545 

1,918 

902 

140 

142 

362 

1,356 

3,291 

186 

394 

24 

355 

197 

1,615 

56 

62 
479 
679 
121 
2,351 
384 
217 



1,121 



66,301 



F. Drnald 
Phillips 



263 

198 

68 

88 

168 

1,049 

78 

389 

1,850 

119 

530 

49 

131 

203 

31 

79 

80 

41 

110 

192 

99 

300 

4,877 

1,403 

122 

881 

473 

158 

2,459 

1,512 

34 

311 

125 

244 

24 

1,504 

52 

856 

23 

52 

317 

150 

1,655 

130 

177 

72 



Oscar 
Efi'd 



43,356 



428 

62 

49 

93 

188 

911 

29 

241 

171 

115 

1,574 

66 

140 

292 

36 

108 

167 

84 

141 

486 

179 

242 

262 

615 

134 

1,124 

578 

161 

119 

527 

171 

445 

102 

87 

37 

513 

133 

1,209 

41 

58 

56 

433 

137 

266 

284 



37,794 



Election Returns 



221 



Votes Cast for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in the 
Primary of June 28, 1952. 



Counties 



Alamance . . . 
Alexander. ., 
Alleghany. .. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick. . 
Buncombe . . 

Burke 

Cabarrus . . . 
Caldwell.... 
Camden . . . . 
Carteret . . . . 

Caswell 

Catawba . . . . 
Chatham . . . 
Cherokee. . . 
Chowan . . . . 

Clay 

Cleveland . . , 
Columbus. . 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck. . . 

Dare 

Davidson . . . 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham . . 
Edgecombe . 
Forsyth . . . , 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham . . . , 
Granville . . 

Greene 

Guilford... 

Halifax 

Harnett ... 
Haywood . . , 
Henderson . , 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson . . . 
Johnston . . , 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 



(Short Term) 


(Regular Term) 


R. Hunt 


William H. 


R. Hunt 


William H. 


Parker 


Bobbitt 


Parker 


Bobbitt 


332 


151 


319 


149 


355 


748 


400 


719 


400 


379 


391 


380 


576 


1,826 


487 


1,736 


277 


878 


257 


890 


61 


186 


45 


181 


503 


99 


506 


90 


1,213 


25 


1,200 


25 


1,761 


551 


1,702 


604 


1,917 


429 


1,849 


412 


4,348 


12,126 


4,231 


1 1 , 455 


635 


297 


708 


287 


2,296 


5, -390 


2,337 


5,473 


489 


2,255 


502 


2,198 


899 


159 


852 


147 


665 


56 


654 


58 


89 


155 


97 


154 


82 


1,114 


79 


1,115 


431 


54 


406 


51 


355 


1,185 


363 


1,208 


170 


55 


168 


55 


167 


348 


181 


333 


156 


1,062 


137 


1,051 


3,680 


1,066 


3,676 


1,01)8 


2,073 


577 


1,960 


561 


4.678 


1,089 


4,757 


1,046 


976 


109 


904 


112 


238 


26 


261 


26 


180 


543 


174 


537 


51 


201 


51 


192 


2,165 


514 


2,079 


457 


5,597 


862 


5,637 


819 


845 


118 


846 


101 


1,784 


3,104 


1,744 


2,999 


396 


102 


379 


99 


250 


2,408 


261 


2,394 


142 


14 


142 


15 


216 


569 


212 


530 


677 


149 


663 


148 


272 


22 


266 


36 


923 


1,424 


915 


1,363 


3,949 


118 


3,952 


107 


2,749 


616 


2,677 


60(1 


983 


2,949 


957 


2,887 


267 


1,010 


288 


1,008 


984 


22 


986 


22 


182 


63 


179 


59 


120 


16 


121 


16 


677 


3,188 


683 


3,124 


443 


1,503 


447 


1,467 


4,302 


1,077 


4,159 


1,004 


118 


54 


114 


55 


347 


94 


347 


97 


1,504 


261 


1,441 


226 



222 



North Carolina Manual 



Votes Cast for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in the 
Primary of June 28, 1952. — (Continued) 





(Short Term) 


(Regular Term) 


Counties 


R. Hunt 
Parker 


William H. 
Bobbitt 


R. Hunt 
Parker 


William H. 
Bobbitt 




442 
390 
472 
333 
71 

1,185 

15 

63 

884 

646 

4,400 

3,203 
880 
457 
169 
343 
371 
781 

1,787 
998 
339 
150 
829 

4,592 
200 

1,761 

821 

540 

328 

540 

29 

79 

119 

178 

84 

398 

4,177 

3,703 

1,507 
103 
159 

1,241 

94 

738 

26 

44 


1,108 

771 

130 

91 

463 

12,747 

98 

172 

1,675 

415 

1.020 

211 

165 

148 

51 

10 

39 

146 

473 

216 

1,211 

297 

1,384 

1,734 

550 

6,099 

2,747 

54 

736 

1,783 

520 

757 

574 

1,093 

15 

1,724 

254 

1,556 

55 

28 

1,609 

107 

531 

134 

171 

189 


392 
367 
469 
342 
66 

1,102 

15 

64 

724 

641 

4,372 

3,119 
833 
454 
167 
315 
360 
854 

2,145 
989 
331 
148 
869 

4,671 
167 

1,661 

839 

540 

290 

531 

31 

72 

137 

170 

84 

413 

3,950 

3,594 

1,512 
100 
162 

1,204 

98 

699 

21 

49 


1,027 


Macon 

Madison 


811 
136 




90 


McDowell 


455 


Mecklenburg . . 


12,505 


Mitchell 


104 


Montgomery 


164 


Moore 


1,637 


Nash 


408 


New Hanover 


1,019 


Northampton 


186 


Onslow 


163 


Orange 


139 


Pamlico 


50 


Pasquotank 


8 


Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 


42 
128 
485 


Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 


191 
1,170 

297 
1,164 
1,668 

578 


Rowan 

Rutherford 


6,126 
2,726 


Sampson 

Scotland . . 


53 
649 


Stanly 


1,829 


Stokes 


529 


Surry 


743 


Swain 


550 


Transylvania 


1,090 


Tvrrell 


15 


Union 


1,614 


Vance 


216 


Wake 


1,508 


Warren 


43 


Washington 


24 


Watauga 


1,624 


Wayne 


117 


Wilkes 


528 


Wilson 


140 


Yadkin 


173 


Yancey 


186 






Totals 


100,614 


99,457 


99,282 


96,994 







Election Returns 



223 



TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTION 

1952 



Democrats 

Adiai E. Stevenson 
652,803 


President 


Republicans 

Dwight D. Eisenhowei 
558,107 


William B. Umstead 
796,306 


Governor 


H. F. Seawell, Jr. 
383,329 


Luther H. Hodges 
783,792 


Lieutenant-Governor 


Warren H. Pritchard 
374,530 


Thad Eure 

784,404 


Secretary of State 


Frank G. Carr 
373,216 


Henrv L. Bridges 
780,415 


Auditor 


J. A. Maultsby, Sr. 
370,643 


Brandon P. Hodges 
781,575 


Treasurer 


S. C. Egsers 
370,633 



Superintendent of Public Instruction (Regular Term) 
Charles F. Carroll Jeter L. Haynes 

780,293 368,797 

Superintendent of Public Instruction (Short Term) 
Charles F. Carroll 
783,468 

Harrv McMullan 
780,095 



L. Y. Ballentine 
779,023 

Forrest H. Shuford 
779,826 

Waldo C. Cheek 
780,417 

William A. Devin 
774,475 



Attorney General 
Commissioner of Agriculture 
Commissioner of Labor 
Commissioner of Insurance 



Avalon E. Hall 
371,980 

Joel A. Johnson 
372,993 



W. E. Rutledge 
372,286 



John Tucker Day 
371,028 



Chief Justice Supreme Court 



C. Clifford Frazicr, Sr. 
372,409 



Associate Justice Supreme Court (Short Term) 

R. Hunt Parker 
785,798 

Associate Justice Supreme Court ^Regular Term) 
R. Hunt Parker ."ilgeniDn L. Butler 

782,100 369,198 

Jeff D. Johnson, Jr. Robert H. McNeill 

774,784 372,580 



224 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE FOR GOVERNOR IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES 

1924-1952 



1924 

Angus Wilton McLean 151 , 197 

Josiah William Bailey 83 , 574 

NO PRIMARY IN 1928 
1932 
First Primary 

J. C. B. Ehrinffhaus 162,498 

Richard T. Fountain 115, 127 

Allen J. Maxwell 102,032 

Second Primary 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus 182,055 

Richard T. Fountain 168,971 

1936 
First Primary 

Clvde R. Hoev 193,972 

Ralph McDonald 189,504 

A. H. Graham 126, 782 

John A. McRae 6 , 606 

Second Primary 

Clvde R. Hoey 266,354 

Ralph McDonald 214,414 

1940 

J. Melville Broughton 147 ,386 

W. P. Horton 105,916 

A. J. Maxwell 102,095 

Lee Gravely 63,030 

Thos. E. Cooper 33 , 176 

Paul D. Grady '. 15,735 

Arthur Simmons 2 , 058 

1944 

R. Gregg Cherrv 185,027 

Ralph McDonald 134,661 

011a Ray Boyd 2,069 

1948 
First Primary 

Charles M. Johnson 170, 141 

W. Kerr Scott 161,293 

R. Mavne Albright 76,281 

Oscar Barker 10,871 

W. F. Stanley. Sr 2,428 

011a Ray Boyd 2,111 

Second Primary 

W. Kerr Scott 217,620 

Charles M. Johnson 182,684 

1952 

William B. Umstead 294, 170 

Hubert E. Olive 265,675 

Manley R. Dunaway 4,660 



Election Returns 



225 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 31, 1952, BY DISTRICTS 



SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Bertie 

Edgecombe .... 

Greene 

Halifax 

Lenoir 

Northampton , . 

Warren 

Wilson 

Totals 




FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Harold D. 
Cooley 


Wm. A. 
Diehl 


Chathani 


2,779 
3,090 
6,030 
6,930 
2,729 
3,153 
17,780 


244 


Franklin 


354 


Johnston 


676 


Nash 


1.055 




469 


Vance . • 


633 


Wake 


4,431 






Totals 


42,491 


7,862 







226 



North Carolina Manual 



FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Caswell 

Forsyth 

Granville 

Person 

Rockingham . . . 

Stokes 

Surry 

Totals 



21,828 



Thurmond 


Hugh 


Chatham 


Johnston, Jr. 


1,171 


421 


7,285 


8,239 


1,887 


591 


1,562 


1,146 


3,927 


1,673 


1,310 


534 


4,686 


1,167 



13,771 



SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Carl T. 
Durham 


Tom 

Sawyer 




4,245 

8,859 

10,724 

3,046 


4 422 


Durham 


8 128 


Guilford 


7 574 


Oranee 


1 228 






Totals 


26,874 


21,352 







SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





F. Ertel 
Carlyle 


J. 0. 
Talley, Jr. 


Ernest R. 
Mayhan 


Bladen 


1,732 
1,056 
2,821 
4,091 
2,142 
3,857 
7,282 


1,947 
1,283 
3,838 
3,597 
2,977 
5,787 
2,464 


119 


Brunswick 


147 


Cnliinihns , , 


107 


Cumberland 


95 


Harnett 


89 


New Hanover 


1 187 


Robeson 


144 






Totals 


22,981 


21,893 


1 888 







Election Returns 



227 



EIGHTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



Anson 

Davidson 

Davie 

Hoke 

Lee 

Montgomery . . 

Moore 

Richmond 

Scotland 

Union 

Wilkes 

Yadkin 

Totals 



C. B. 
Deane 



2,388 
6,617 
849 
918 
2,634 
1,378 
2,928 
3,568 
2,027 
3,099 
3,547 
1,245 

31,198 



Giles Y. 
Newton 



680 
1,021 
218 
214 
490 
392 
722 
1,737 
696 
801 
307 
112 



7,390 



NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Hugh Q. 
Alexander 


Graham M. 
Carlton 


G. Mark 
Goforth 


Alexander 


1,205 
992 
1,410 
7,532 
1,700 
3,780 
3,178 
2,292 
1,122 


510 

249 

669 

1,623 

388 

3,514 

7,942 

1,495 

233 


188 
180 


Aflhe 


546 


Cabarrus 


443 


Caldwell 


3,029 


Iredell 


1,690 


Rowan 


559 


Stanly 


234 


Watauga 


236 






Totals 


23.211 


16,623 


7,105 







228 



North Carolina Manual 



TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Hamilton C. 
Jones 


Thomas 
Burton 


Avery 


388 

4,052 

3,095 

2,515 

13,872 

458 


106 
855 

1,008 
649 

7,945 
83 


Burke 


Catawba 


Lincoln 


Mecklenburg 


Mitchell 




Totals 


24,380 


10,646 



TWELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Geo. A. 
Shuford 


Frank M. 
Parker 


L. Dale 
Thrash 


Buncombe 


6,853 

1,072 

391 

439 

1,503 

1,465 

1,222 

676 

379 

1,178 


7,974 

553 

69 

51 

1,555 
444 
615 
287 
266 
491 


4,035 
364 
213 
364 

2,617 
545 
916 
690 
481 
637 


Cherokee 


Clay 


Graham 


Haywood 


Henderson 


Jackson 


Macon 


Swain 


Transylvania 




Total 


15,178 


12,305 


10,865 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN SECOND PRIMARY 
JUNE 28, 1952, BY DISTRICTS 



SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 






F. Ertel 
Carlyle 


J. 0. 
TaUey, Jr. 


Bladen 


1,729 
1,994 
3,221 
4,330 
1,637 
2,806 
5,822 


1,189 
1,271 
2,816 
2,710 
2,318 
3,060 
2,131 


Brunswick 


Columbus 


Cumberland 


Harnett 


New Hanover 


Robeson 




Total 


21,539 


15,485 



Election Returns 



229 



NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





Hugh Q. 
Alexander 


Graham M. 
Carlton 


Alexander 


1,341 
1,094 
1,163 
7,368 
2,677 
2,366 
2,947 
1,559 
1,751 


359 


Alleghany 


268 


Ashe 


360 


Cabarrus 


1 773 


Caldwell 


861 


Iredell 


2 320 


Rowan 


6 233 


Stanly 


1 263 


Watauga 


183 






Total 


22,266 


13 620 







TWELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 





George A. 
Shuford 


Frank M 
Parker 


Buncombe ... 


9,129 

1,407 

394 

569 

2,431 

1,104 

1,369 

864 

681 

1,180 


8 382 


Cherokee 


602 


Clay 


235 


Graham 


418 


Haywood 


2,358 


Henderson 


357 


Jackson 


690 


Macon 


601 


Swain 


232 


Transylvania 


232 






Total 


19,128 


14,107 







230 



North Carolina Manual 



IBJOomaQ 
J9uuog '3 ^jaqja^j 



UEoqqndajj 



}BJD0IB3Q 

iannog -q ^jaqjajj 






to —.«—,„«, 



lO Tt^ 1^ C^ 



^H CO 05 b^ t^ C^ t^ 

-r (M 'M C*) o oc — < 



t^oOT-<cr>ioco»coo 

O0c<j»r5t^coco03^ 



t^ o oo CO »— t ec 

00 o »o t^ -t' o 

CO ^H -^ CI Oi Ol 

^ ^ CO 






00 



o 
u 

(^ 
o 

CO 



o 

H 
O 



nBoi[qn(iay 
i)!P)«H '0 0U3Z 



■JBJOOUiaQ 

januog -q jjaqjapj 



UBaqqiitla-jj 



COCDCOOO'— <W3COOO 

l^ *c CO ^- iO o^ r^ c^ 

^^ fo c^i c^ (M 



CO t^ CTJ O 



C^iOQOOOiOSCOOOiCO 
COCO-^OOC<)0003C1CO»0 
OiOS.— it-CDCOOOOOt^t'- 

<N ^ <M OO ^ 



t'-OiCJSC^CO^lO^OOuO 

CO^Hr-iC<ICO^H»-^t^r^Cr- 



t^ CO t^ OO 



a3 



<^ 

o 
o 









jauuog 'J ■jjaqjajj | ^" 



UBoyiqnday 
aaizoQ 9ouajB[3 "jj 



t- CO '-< Oi 

r- '-' r^ c:) 



o t^ c<i 1-H 
*0 oi e^ iO 
" <ri oi -rr 



^^jootnaQ 



TT '-< lO CC C^ ^ 

lo CO (r> o t-^ I— t rf 
CD t^ cs ^ c" — -- 



rp '^ 1^- 



O OO CO 1/3 Tf 
CD ■— ( Ol QO t^ 
CD Oi CD iC t^ 



-—..—< ,— ■ 1— I -r <M 






UBoi[qncIay; 



!J^J0Om3Q 

aauuog 'j ^jaqjajj 



UBoyiqiiclay^ 



C^ iC CD 3C n' Ol iO 



r^ -^ »o cs -f »0 

CD I- (M CD -t' CC 

T— ' i-H CO n' CO cs 



CD (M GO Ci CO OO CM 

CD as «— I lo t^ CO (Ni 
cs o lO cs t^ r- -^ 



^00 -^ ^ — 
GO 00 CO CO CD 



CDCi«-4OOU000COi— "lOCiC^ 

COcDt--C^COt--fOOOOOi— t 

CS| cs '-' ^ CO CO 



^JBJOOTUaQ 

jauuog '3 ^jaqjajj 



^BJOOUiaQ 

uaii^^;^ '3 ABSpui^ 



o 



-rcoic-r-— iicocoocDGOc^osc^j 
OiCqcocDt--coc^'— «F- «uocoaic^.-i 

COOi-t'T''— '(MCO'-tiracO'— 'OOCDt^ 



1— ir-HC^^,— irrCO'-'Oii— ii-i 



r^ ^r CO CO 
_ -. -. - - r— io o CO . _ _ _ 

.— "COCO'—'OOCO^^'^'— 't-COOt'.OO 






0/ -*^ 



-a 



a 9 

o.a 

3 3 



a 
o 

-*^ 
. bO 
— a 



J2 

o 






Election Returns 



231 



'O 




QJ 




3 




a 








-(J 




c 




o 




a 




■>— ' 






H 


M 


O 


ift 


rt 


Oi 


H 


T-H 


m 






00 


a 


M 


hJ 


(35 


<; 


T-H 


Iz; 




o 


% 


l-H 


in 


C 


o 


o 
o 


"S 


Q 




O 


<» 

h 


a 

CO 



V 



o 



o 







o 


>n 


-r 


, 


cc 


^^ 


Ol 


Oi 


CM 


1 




uBOiiqnda^ 


^ -r lo to — — t- 


CO 
CO 




siitlAV a 'M 




c^ 


CM 








S 












1 


T— 1 




O^rf'^rcqCOOOlrtt^ 


1 CO 




IBJOoniaQ 




1 ^ 




niE!)nno^ 'jj ^ 


CO en (M O t-^ -r CO c: 


1 ^ 








in 






CO^^fMC^OcCOlO 


CM 


O 


■jBJOoraaQ 


-O to to Ci '-■! <M tC OO 


o 
to 


2 


JJ3JJ 'H nqof 


<M CM CC ^ T-. ^* cm' 


*o 






CMt^^CDCOCOt^b- 


1 2 




3AISS3J30JJ 


CO CO CM 






uBxj^Bq ?J3qoy 








■n^ioioioidt-ooto 


CD 


00 


nBDijqnday 


cooo-rr-^occio 

CM C^l CM '-I CO 


o 


05 


s^mMqiJan^S 'H T 




^ 




CMtOOCmOOiiCfM 


t^ 




twaoraaQ 


iCGnCM-fQC'OSOCq 


CM 
CM 




JJ35I H °MOf 


CMCOCMtOiCCOCMtO 


«o 

CO 






tOiCOOt^Cl^OCOCO 


CD 


o 
-^ 


jt;joouiaQ 


»oocMO;-riooocD 

asC^liO-fCDCOGOCT- 


CM 


OS 


J«X 'H "Hof 


^ ^ ^ '- 


ctT 






lOtOt^OOOOO^OO 


CO 




UBOqqnday 


-rOQCoccnoooo 

CM '-'CM r-i lO 


iC 




ajoojflj f s'Baioiij, 




1— ( 


-r 


























'^00'*C<IOC1C^CM 


Oi 




}BJ0Ora8Q 


OQOtOCT)<X?CMCMOi 

ai CO io CO CO CO "«t^ Oi 


OS 




jjajl H "MOf 


CMtOCMtOTTCOCMiQ 


1 " 






to ic a: o i-^ ■^ ■^ in 


•^ 




^BjoomaQ 


r-<CMiCCOCOCOCOCO 
b-^lftiCt^OlCOOO 


CM 


OS 


JWH H "MOf 


^ — 


t^ 






Omtooo-^c^CMO 


t^ 


O 


}EJ0OUI3Q 


OCOOCOOOI>.t^iC 


CM 


03 


JJ3JI H "MOf 


COt^CMt— tOCOCMI> 


■^ 




1 


OQOCOI>-OOi^I>- 


lO 


OO 
C*3 


1 }BJ30tn3Q 


1— «-t'CX)'^*«r»005t^ 

CM-^00000^05CO 


OS 


C33 


JJ3JJ H "MOf 


^ ^ „ ^" „" ^ 


Ol 




to 
























c 
























3 
























o 
























o 




































c 




tr 








OJ 






o 




"rt 








J3 






c. 




o 








a 






s ■ 


H 








C 01 K . M c r 








« o c .rt ■— -^ £r c 

a; "O ■-■ rt Gj o »'■'' ." 








ffi 


tL 


c 


Cr 




:? 


?: 


!=: 




1 



232 



North Carolina Manual 



T3 




« 




S 




a 








+a 




a 




O 




U 




1 




J. 


f- 


Ui 


o 


Oi 


HH 


rH 


rt 




E-i 


00 




r-l 


t-3 




<; 


W 


fe; 


SR 


o 


V 




^ 


^ 

H 


C 


« 


o 


C-J 


U 


!Z 




O 


«M 


o 


d 


Q 




Pi 


CQ 




^ 


W 


s 


t- 


JS 




s 




4> 




S 




h 




O 




«*-! 




« 




■4^ 




e 




t^ 














ft-cD — -r — c^r-.oi 



uapjBg 



jBJOoniaQ 



iioiiqnday 
jaidiunjj ij A'jiaj 



CO ^^ (M ^ CC O OS 
CC lO CC CC O CO c^ 
l^ CO C^l GO O lO CD 



CO C^ C^^ T-H 



05toi>.QOt^cDO-ro 

COOiiOCOcDiOGCCC— ' 



ItJJOOOiaQ 

iiapjBg -y lU'eq^jQ 



O C^ CO O (M t- d O; (M 

QO-fr^incoQOO'— oC' 
r0»O»O— 'cO-^.-<iCco' 



TT GO t-- OS Oi 



. *£? ^^ ^W 'i '^k_. !-• i^j ^^j j^-*^ 



5BJ30ai9Q 

iiapj^g -y tn^qt^jij 



aBOjiqndoy 



"Tt-^OCiOO"— 'CD— 'CD 
OC-ti(MGOiOiOCC'— 'IC 

r^-rcocoooociooscD 

IM — CM Co' -^' 



•— '"^os^-cocD^-t- 
050icoeo•T^-c^^^-- 
coco■n''— tcocOcoGO 



iMpJEg 



irjOOUiaQ 

■y lUBq^j;) 



r^cDcor— lot^iCoocD 

CO^iO^-M — ^H»f"CD 



jBJOotuaQ 
uapj^fl -y ui^q^jij 



t'-t^-r*ooit~cocDio 

O". I-eDCOCOCO»CCMC^ 






iiapjKjj -y niEq^ji) 



iiapj^g -y uiBqBJi") 



CDCiOC^-n'COOi.-.eO 
OTOCOCOC^'^'C^OO 



o 

o 



OOiCC^cDOOOs^C'^O 
»OfMOi05C^'^05900 

r^iOCTj'^r^io^x'co 

CO 1— CM -^ C^l 



ft' -^ fl ^ 
=: 5S « c 



._^ C 






Election Returns 



233 



T3 




OJ 
























-M 




c 




o 




o 




^ 




1 


H 


IC 


^ 


Oi 


rt 


^M 


H 


1 


X 


00 




fO 


Q 


a> 


►J 


T— 1 


< 




•z 


X 


o 


m 




V 


m 




m 








2^ 

O 




^— ' 


«4-4 




© 


w 




H 


X 


as 


u 


s 


Of 


o 


^ 


fe 


E 




04 




S 




L. 




O 




«ta 




04 




■kJ 









> 





05 


UBOi[qnday 


oc 


CM 


3 g 

OC 

CO --T 


1 

0" 


^ 

s 


CO 

CO 


§ 

CD 
CM 




Xa[ooo -Q p[OJBH 




CO a: 00 00 
CO — CM t^ -r 

CD CO ^ 

— ' — ' 0' co' 0' 

— — ■^ CO 




CM 

40 


05 


UB3i[qr.ci3y^ 


CD 10 


»c i— ' -r -r 10 

-t- iC — — t^ 

■^ ^ CD ^ 
C^ t^ .— ' 


UO 

OS 

CM 


IPjooniaQ 


T 05 
IC CD 


'— .^ iC ^ Oi 
■^ CO CO ■* 
— -P O) U5 CM 

t^ CO t^ ^' 0' 




CO 
CO 


C30 
OS 


aAissajSojj; 


CD in 


^ CM CO CM CD 
CM r-. -r 00 


00 
CM 


UEOiiqndajj 
iiosuqof y |aof 


— H QC 

-C -1- 
CD — 


CD t- t^ r- 

t-^ 01 CO 00 CO 

c CO 00 0^ -^ 
CO r- c<i 


00 


jBJootnaQ 


CM -r 

00 CM 

CO ^' 


t^ CO CO CO 
Oi -:r C^3 CS Oi 
»C 00 CD C5 CM 

OS t^ t- CO 0' 

CM 


00 
10 

CO 


CO 

2 


u^aiiqnday 
33U3dc^ 'q uag 


00 -"-« 

01 CO 


CM -^ f 05 t^ 
10 IC CO CD 

<£5 ^ t>- OS 

CM CO 


10 
cm" 


}EJD0ni8Q 

Aajooj a p[OJBH 


CM lO 
CM ^ 


t-- Oi T 
C^l OS CO OS 
-^ CO 05 CO CM 

uO ^ CO iC 


OS 

CM 
CM 


05 


UBOijqnday 
33J BJ^ •f- 


CO 
CO CD 
CM -^ 

cm" 


CM t-- CO CO 

CD 05 ■^ rr 
T-. -cr »o CO -— 

'^ 00 CM 


CD 



00 


^BJootnaQ 
Xa[ooo a piojBH 


I- t^ 

CO CC 


C CD CO lO 

r- CM -r 

CO CO -r t-- 

oc t^ t- -rf 00 



-r 

CO 

CO 
W3 


05 


UBoqqnday 


CO 

CO n- 


CO iC CM Oi OS 

CO n- -P OS 
CO ^ •* CM 

CO CD 





?BJOoniaQ 
Xaiooo aPIoJ^H 


00 CO 

CO 00 
cm 


OS OC CO CO OS 
CO t^ CM »C 

CO -^i CD 

CO ^ IC Tf 


CO 



!>. 

0" 

CM 


o 

03 


UBDijqnday 


c; 1—1 

CO CO 


-;p r^ ^ -^ 
CO CO OS CO 

■^ CO OS CM CO 

-r CO ^ 




CM 

OS 


jBJOotnaQ 
Xajooo a piojTJH 


^ 00 
CO 05 

CO '* 


OS OS CD CM »0 
•-' CO CM CO CO 
t-- CM -t^ CM »A 

OS 00 00 -T' 00 




s 


00 
CO 


UBDi[qnday 


CM 

-T CM 


ITS 0; -r "^ CM 

-^ 0: CO 
— ' ^ CO -H 00 

CO CD 


(M 


jBjaomaQ 
Xaiooj -Q piojBH 


1 n- »c 

■ CO -r 

CO 


CO CO T CO 

OC uo -n- CO OC 
-r CO' n* OC 

x' — "' co" -T ^ 


CM 

CO 
OS 

to' 






C 


c 




"c 

X 

J 


t 

c 
ft 

> 


is 




c 





234 



North Carolina Manual 



u 

s 



e 



4> 



TJ 




<D 




!3 




Ci 








4J 




ti 




o 




O 




1 




el 


H 


U5 


O 


Oi 


)— 1 


1— 1 


rt 


1 


H 


00 


ui 


CO 

OS 


O 


»H 


hJ 




«; 


01 


:z; 


» 


o 


« 




bo 


^ 

H 


ti 


« 


e 


O 


U 


Z 




o 


«4H 


o 


o 


K 




H 


CO 


PIH 





UKaiiqniioy 




-r 






a; 




t^ 


■» 

00 


1 




Ijapag ?s3J0jI 


■CO • ■ c^ 
. o ■ ■ 


CD 
CO 






'. ^ '. '. 


1 — ' 


Oi 


^BJOomaQ 


CO CO o "rr- ^ CO r- 
-r cvi ci t— '^ <o o 


GO' 




niBqiTjq,) puomjnijj^ 


OC Oi -— • -n* OO t^ Oi 


CO 






CM C^ CO -f CO -^ CT) 


'f 






CO -H 


t^ 


C; 


^BJOOUjaQ 


QC CD -T OO ^ CO CSI 
■r-H -H O t— CO Oi (M 


CO 

as 




m'Bm'Bqj puouijnqx 


OC CO iC •—< O CO "0 


»« 


2 




CC ^^ ^^ t- C-O CD 


OS 
CM 




SAissajSojj 


CO M GTi '^ CO t^ O 
O CO ^ ^ 


QO 


00 


■Jf 'XOJ V '^''AJBJJ 


Ir^ 


t-^ 


uB3i[qm]ajj 


C^ »0 I-^ CO ■— ' iC *0 

(^ CO »c o w:i -^ I— 


2! 




Abq Ja^iorii uqof 


(M (-■- ■^ CO CO CS) Ci 









co' (>r i-o CO 


t-- 


}Eaoom8Q 


-rr o o »rt CO b- CO 

CS C^l CO -^ CO i— ' o 






lUBmuijj puouijnqx 


Ci iC !>■ O m tC CO 


iC 






-^ CD CO CO Ol -^ OC' 


t^ 








-r 




iiBOiiqnddy 


CM T-. CO -f O CD »0 

^ o cr- c-i lO c^ •^ 


C-1 




IP3H i"!Aa -g 


cq o ^ Gc -r QC 


u:) 


CO 

as 




iC (M CO CO 


10 


^BJOoraaQ j 


to t^ I>- O CO <M Oi 

-n" -r C^l CD CM OO (M 


CD 




ja§[o^^ 'H "MT 1 


<:^i I- (T) i^ CO 0:1 r— 


CO 






.— ( t^ T-. lO CO u^ 


CO 








C^3 




UBOjiqndajj 


CO -r CO Ci ij^ 

I- "T^ CO CM 00 


OS 
CD 




aiSiij f uqof 


CO cci C'l n' t-^ CO t- 


CD 


-r 
crs 




Oi (M CO n" 


cq 


jBJooniaQ 


-<t^ oc ■^ CD f^ r^ «— . 

C-l »0 CM C5 »« <Nl 


<M 

00 




jaSp^ 'H "MOf 


OC CD CO CO CC 


OS 






r-T iC CO C^ 00 ^ t— 


(M 








•^ 




u^jqqndajj 


QO ic 01 'cp CC 

00 CO Ol "^ en <M 0^ 


OS 
OS 




II«H "'='^3 'S 


CD ^ ^ ^ 


CO 


(M 




<m" i-i Cq CO 


OS 


2 








JBJDOUiaQ 


OC t^ CO CO '-' CO ^ 

-r c^ (M »ft "^ 







aaSjoj "H^^H ''M°f 


10 r- GO -^ r-H 05 


CO 






iC -^ CO »^ 







uBOijqntlay 


C; 10 CS CO (M 10 ^ 

GO QC — CC' WJ 00 CO 


CM 




spionAay sauiBf sijio 


(M Ci ^ CM CO t^ 


OC 






iC C^ (M -^ 


iC 


}BiooniaQ 


OC as CO »o f^ CD 

01 CC ^ GC> 


00 




jaSlOjj -Q v 


.-H a: 00 CO OS ^ OS 


t^ 






c<i CO c<) c:! "* CO 


^' 






Cq '-' 


10 




UBOqqnday 


CO 10 ic CO 00 
CO t^ »0 -^ CO -^ 


00 




•jf 'saajjnjj -'s^ uijof 


r-1 t^ T— 1 C<1 10 CS 





00 
CO 




CS CO Cq CS 


*"! 


03 


^BJOOUiaQ 


CD OC 4C uO CSl CD 
.-. CD n* OS C^l (M 


c<» 




jaSjo^ -Q 'V 


!>. »C T "^ <M 


■^ 






r^ r-i CD CO CO 






n 






















.S 






















'-♦3 






















e 






















g 






















O 










1 




c3 










QJ 


ji: 











; (_ — ; 


bc 




H 






^ w S m -? ^ ». 








10 »- rt fc, «i »- 








c3 *- flJ C ^ - 








c 


> ft 


c 


d 


. p: 


c/^ 


or 


1 





Election Returns 



235 



o 




O 




1 




I 

to 


O 


S5 


ini 


>-H 


H 




1X1 


00 




CC 


Q 


05 


tj 




<^ 




^2; 


11 


O 


^ 


CO 


Ut 


CO 


C 

o 


C 
O 




o 









w 




H 


m 


><; 






a> 


CO 


x> 








e 




a; 




S 




;-< 




o 




«4-l 




01 




-^^ 




o 




> 





05 


93JJ3J -J sino'j 


CO 
CO 

oo" 


00 


CO 

o 
CI 

CI 


CI 




CO 




^BJ0OCa9Q 


OC' '— CO QC 

CO 00 o r- 

^ ^ C^ CO 

CO ^ I-- CD 

^ <M CO 


CI 

oo 


o 


nBoqqnday 
piBnoQO^ y y 


Tf CD CO OS 

^ CO --I O 

OS CQ CO <r> 

CO '-H CO 


1 

crs 






CO CO t-- uo 
GO »c r- CO 

OS oo (M CD 
t^ iCi — (M 


1— < 




aAissajgojj 
sso'h -H -R 


^ -^ CO oo 
CO .-« oo -^ 

oo CO .-1 


s 


UE3i[qndajj 


:= § ^ S 

Ci t-^ c-1 o 

CO (M O T-H 


E 

OS 


^BJOotnaQ 


O CO O CO 

oo ** r^ CD 

00 CO oo (M 

o cq <M -^ 

t-i 1-1 04 


OS 
CO 

o" 

U3 


CO 


UBDnqnda-a 


r-H O oo C) 

oo -t^ O CO 
GCi ^ Ol I-- 

^r rl CO 


CI 

o' 


Oi 




I-- t- CO r- 

O -* I^- CO 

o 00 t- d 

CO <M t- r-l 


CD 

oo" 


a-. 


tiBoi[qnda}j 
uosj9pu9H mJ0_YV 


CO IC lO 05 

t- CO 00 CD 
(M CO ^ O 

-i^" ci o i-T 


OS 

oo' 


■)EJDocnaQ 


o oc »o o 

^ »C OD lO 
CO '— ' O -^ 

C5 CO '^ CO 


CO 

o 
o 

o" 
U5 


C-1 


UB0i]qnd9y 


■tf 00 o oo 
o ■-■ lo oo 

CO CI CO ^ 

^ co' 


o 

CD 
CD 


}BjaomaQ 


CO CO O (M 

o oo o t^ 
o= oo CO O 

CO ^ OS 1-1 


oo 

CO 


O 


UBOiiqnday 
uiossuo niBi]l!0 


CD CD (M lO 

'^r Ci oo (M 
rji 00 .-• oo 

CO ^ Oi 


CJ 


c; 


■}BJ30tn3Q 


lO C^ M 1^5 

o CO o oo 

r-t T:f CO CO 
^H ^H <M 


OS 

WD 


oo 

CO 


^■BJoomaQ 


"* CO o ^ 
<M ^ lO O 

CO cr CD cq 


in 




CO oo CO CO 
CO CD CO Oi 
1-t CO CT> Oi 

lO T- CO .-I 


g 

t- 

40 




1 

o 


a. 

c 

1 




1 

c 


4. 

1 

c 


) 


a 





236 



North Carolina Manual 



(U 




p 




C 




■f-< 




-4J 




Si 




o 




a 




"•w' 




i 




1-1 


1—) 

H 

03 






QO 


Q 


M 




o» 


hJ 


i-{ 


-i^ 




Z 




O 


« 


m 


g;, 


Pi 


d 


C 


o 


z 


O 


o 
o 


•tt 


w 


d 


H 




Z 


CO 


w 


M 


^ 


2 


w 


.c 


m 


g 




V 




1^ 




u 




o 




«M 




4> 




•4^ 




O 




> 







uBOuqntlay 




1^ 

CI 


o 


?5 




CO 




* 


1 




nosuqof y Q 








o 


;BJ30in3Q 


O t^ — ^ O C5 lO (M 
(M 00 05 O -'f OJ -^ 


CO 




aiA[jBj i3?ja -^ 


^ (TO OS C^ CC lO (M 








■Tt^ CO t"- C^ GC IC --' 














UBOijqndajj 


CT) -^ »0 03 CD ir3 o 

<:o o Oi o -<** OS lO 


I>- 




■Jf 'w^iani -a uiAJi 


cc c^ cc o o ^ 


*~*^ 


O 




t— 1 1— « 












■^BjaoraaQ 


o ic -^ cj r^ r^ 

01 CC CC »0 Ci I-" CO 


;::; 




3[AiJi!j la^jg \j 


CO GO r-i CO (M »0 t^ 


CT» 






^H cq cc cq TT -^ (M 


CI 




aAissajSojj 


IC oo (M CS ^H CO t- 
1-H CO 1-* t^ lO 


CO 


CO 


siABQ -g ^Jaqoa 






aBDijqndag 


t^ TT 1— 1 r- GO »o r- 

O •<** »0 WD CO O O 


CO 


OS 


. ^S3A\ '0 'f 


CC t^ QO i-H GC "<*• »0 


00 






^H 1— 1 1— 1 T— t 




^BJOOUiaQ 


^ a: O oo OS o »o 
CD oo -* O -^ O '<*' 


CI 

Ci 




a[A[jBO [aijg -j 


cc CO <M CO 'Oc r-- 1-1 










CO 




uBOijqnday 


CO <M »0 <M CO OJ oo 
t-- 05 »0 oo (M M oo 






saaSpoy punnipg -jf 


1— < o '^ CO '^ r-- ^ 




o 








05 








^BJOomaQ 


Ol CO Ol CD O CD lO 
CI CO (M ^ t^ 'ttH lO 


GO 
CI 




^iB[0 pjBABg f 
















UBDqqndajj 


t^ O 00 CD Oi iM oo 
CD -^ -^ Oi O lO "<** 


o 

CO 




^qsiitlEji; -y ^Bisof 


no CI '(f C<I O CO CD 








1-. .-H 1-1 CO »-i 




^EjaouiaQ 


CD (M C<1 O iO uo cq 

CD Ci t-^ GO CO c<i r^ 


CI 




JJJBIJ pjBABg f 


'rj' (M CO l-^ '* ^ CO 


CO 






CJ (M lO CO CO Oi CO 


CO 


C<1 


■jBjJoraaQ 


O ■* C^ (M t^ C^I m 

»0 CO CI CS ^ CI -rf 


CI 


OS 


JiJElO pjBABg f 


t^ OS ^ CO iO -"i^ cr 


*"! 






1-1 .-1 1-1 CO 1-1 f-" 






UBoqqnday 


!M -^ t^ CD ■* C; CO 

o »o O O ^ ^ !^ 


GO 
CO 




MJWM a PSJi 




•"•^ 


O 








CI 








^BJDomaQ 


c*^ oo -^ t^ C3 -^ y: 

1-. iC o -* t^ Ol t- 


CO 

CO 




:i(«IO pjB/jBg -f 










(M CI W3 CO CO 00 O- 


'<*< 




UBjqqnday 


Oi <:^ '^ <z> CT) -^ t-^ 


o 




aipps'j '0 J^spa 


CJ GO '^ CI CS (M C 


lO 


oo 








g 








^BiooraaQ 


CO "0 o c^ uo t^ c-- 

<N "5 CO C5 OC CD CS 






V«10 PJE-^BH f 




""l 












S 






















•B 






















s 






















3 






















6 












. L. 
















•o 


. > 


53 








• -s ^ St 


» T- C 


■ e2 






£ w tt -a «: " ? 








3 l-i i i H 








PC 


PC 


;- 


r 


?: 


'A 


a 




1 



;2 



^ 

f 



Election Returns 



237 



TS 




(U 




3 




C 




• fH 




-»-» 




a 




o 




O 




""-' 








OS 


rt 


rH 


H 




02 


00 


t— 1 


CO 


M 


Oi 


1^ 


1-H 


<J 




?^ 


CO 


o 


tn 




44 


02 


^ 


M 


be 

e 

O 


W 

o 
z 

o 




o 


Cm 




O 


w 




H 


CO 


w 


^ 


o 


V 




ja 


w 


s 




V 




§ 




»H 




o 




«*-! 




« 




■4^ 




e 




t> 





nEoijqnda'jj 
8A07 -g Ja}[BjVi 



jBJoomaQ 
auBaa a 



uBoijqnda^ 



jBJoomaQ 
autjaa a 









02 

CO 


W3 




OO 


oo 


cc 
oo 




CO 


tM 


CO 




'-' 


(M 


CO 


-^ 




tM 


o 


■* 




CO 




CO 


CO 


C-1 


CO 
CO 


CM 


CO 


-* 


CM 



ccc<i»-iioccsoooc^t^t^e*3 



0051— "■^COC^OOCCO^COt'-Oi 






iiBoiiqndajj 



}BJDoniaQ 
anBaa a 



UBOjiqndajj 
■Jg 'ja^jDiq^y^ -jj qdasof 



^BjaocaaQ 
auBaa a "0 



nBDi^qndaa 
5jaoja -Q -a 



^jooraaQ 
tiiSjna "0 'M 



OiOOCOOOCOCliO^HCCOiOtD 
CMOO iOGCCMI>.i— iiOOit^ 



CM I-^ t— ' CO O "— ' -^ 
GO CO CO f— ' CO (M t-- 
CS ^- CM lO »0 O C^l 



O M^ CO -^ — ' 



COOC'lr-.COC^I-^'OCM-^CDM 



COt^'^t^CO'— 'lOCO 
OJ t- *0 CO t^ QC CM -^ 

CO t-^ -<f CO rJH CO 



CO CO o 
o — ^ 

CM Ol CM 



4000CMC35aiCOOit-»r5»0':0 

1— iir5r*i— lOcsoocoiocoO'— « 

t--«— CMOOI>•OilCC'^'-l(X^alI^- 



l— ( QC CM 1— < 



CM CM 1-H i-H CO '-' 



1— iCl-rfCJCOOCOCDtlOOOOO 
COCsCMi— '<:O00COW5'-HCCOiCO 



■^O3.-"O5cD*O00*rDC5'-<OI^ 

i-Hio-^Orji^Haicqooioeoo 
lO <:d 1— • £-^ -^ i-^ t- CO CM iO :o rj* 

COClC^]*-"COCMCO>OCM»OiCCM 



jaqj^a a v 



in^jr^a 'AV 



neoi^qnclay; 
3inpjBH a 'a 'A 






UBOiiqnday; 



'jBJOoraaQ 



o 



c^3co-^cDcor^oicotot^ooi 

■^COC^lC^liOCO'^COCOQO'— 'OO 
coco CM-^QO^^ OCO 



CMCiOCOCOiOcOCM.-Hi— i»OOt^ 

c>jocoasCMt^cO''-<-^ot-ai 

T-HOOCM-^CiCMCOCOCOCOQO-^ 
i-.r--CM ,-(,-,,-1 ,-(io<M 



CD CM 00 

IC CM ^ 

CM CX CD 

O CM 



CMCO-^O^-'OiCMai'-' 
OCOCOCMOiCMCMiO'-' 
1— (■^t~-COU0'-i»CCOCM 



t-,(:Cc:OTfCOa3^-cOOit^O:cO 
•— i'<j'i00DCi00lcD'XJI>-O'— '»0 

looc— oowsascocoGOQoeoco 

Tl*i— iCMi-HCOCMTt*COCMCDr-CO 



o r^ CO 



CMiOCMiOCMOOCOOO 

Gor-oooococsr-'-HCM 

■^OO'-HOiCO-^COOi 



i-Hl^iOt-OiOt^COCO^OlOOi 

■^cor-Oicooot--^OiOicooo 

T-IOSCMI^T-HCOW^OSOOCOCOOO 



i-H C^ CM <-i 



CM »^ CM 




a J 



o 



s:l 



5o S;°*.a Sc~ 






238 



North Carolina Manual 



c^ 




»o 




05 




r^ 




M 




•^ 




Oi 




»— 1 




GD 




CC 




Ci5 


H 
O 


M 




O 


H 


;^; 




o 


P 


u 




fa 


o 


o 


So 




t/J 


C/2 


w 


tf 


o 


W 


?^ 


P3 


o 


ksH 


o 


<^ 





PLI 



O 
fa 

H 
O 
> 





treoqqnday 


in -* >o 
o »o -* 




CO CD 




CD CD 
y~* CO 


g 


1 




nosnqof -^j ja^iBjVi 


CC lO CO 


t:- 


c^ ■<*< 




t^ i-H 


CO 






CO 'H -^ 


o" 


OO Oi 


"f 


00 'Tt* 


■* 


lO 






^-< 




i— ' 






IBJOoraaQ 


g MJ O 


GO 
CO 


O lO 


CD 


OO Ci 
<M CD 






j9pnBX8[v -f) qSnn 


° "^^ '^ 


'"' 


t^ -^ 


O 


CO CS 








CO C<l ■* 


CO 


00* o" 


■^'" 


CO CO 


OO 








1— 1 












u'Boiiqnday 


lO rt o 

-<JK CO Oi 


en 


Oi O 
CO tD 


CO 


CD QO 
CO '^ 


CM 

CO 




I^ag r 31t!^ 


CD Oi O 


■* 


(M (M 


CO 


lO CO 


en 


o 

05 




IM ■* 


(N 


V CO 


CO 


»0 CO 


ctT 


^BJDoniaQ 


>n oo ^ 

O (M OO 


CD 




CD 


CO »-< 
T-H CO 


CO 

CO 




tio-mSnoQ -q ^Jsqoy; 


CO o o 


CD 


CO "^ 


CO 


»c u:: 


'"'_ 






CO Cq ■<4^ 


r^ 


iO CD 


r- 


o" co" 






u'Boqqnday 


•-H CO CO 

CO CD c^a 




Oi CTJ 


s 


Oi 1-1 


CO 

o 




auaajo -ji apA|o 


(M rt « 


O 


lO QO 


r- 


CD t^ 


o 


GO 
05 




C^ ^H -tjT 


-^ 


'^'" CO 


lO 


»0 CO 


CO 


^BjQoraaQ 


<M CO CD 
^H t^ -^ 


05 


1— 1 !>• 


OO 

en 


CD CO 


CD 
QO 




uo^qSnoQ '7 ^Jaqojj 


CO t-H O 


CO 


"^ 05 


-^ 


t^ r^ 








C^ (N kO 


OO 


CD t^ 


cT 


»0 CO 


»o 




UBsqqnflajj 


Oi CI o 

OO c; c^ 




^ CO 




Ci CO 
O OO 


00 




8II33J0 -a SP'^IO 


0-. .-1 C-l 


""■ 


■<f CO 


CO 




»o 

- 


CO 
C5 




(M r-H ^' 


C<l 


CO 1— 1 


^ 


UO CO 


en 

CM 


■(BJOotnaQ 


Oi t^ t^ 

cq r^ o 


o 
on 


C5 lO 

CD (M 


C5 


»o o 


o 




uotqSnoQ "7 'JJaqoy; 


o o >« 


CD 


CD OO 


t-- 


(M (M 


o 






CO IM ^" 


CO 


-«}<" CO 


»o 


»iO CO 


CO 




uBoqqndajj 


CJS »-l 05 
O^ -^ CO 




O <M 


Ol 


O »JO 


CD 
O 




\Wd^n '0 'fJoma 


00 CQ -* 


CD 


-rji .-< 


■^^^ 


t^ CO 


»o 


OS 




<M ^H -* 


CO 


'^ 'Tt^ 


lo' 


»J0 CO 


CO 


fEJOOraSQ 


a(|co CD 


CD 
CI 


Tt* CO 


CD 

CD 


en QO 
r- en 


«0 

en 




no^qSnoQ -rj 'jjaqoy; 


CO a> -* 






Ci 


lO CO 








IM i-c -* 


oT 


lO oo' 


Oi 




»o 


(M 


IBiDOUiaQ 


^ lo -* 

CO t^ in 


lO 


QO O 
CO OO 


lO 


CO CJ 


CO 


■^ 


nojqSnoQ 'q tJaqo^ 


CO O CO 


to 














0<1 -^ CO 




CO -^ 






CM 




UB0i[qnd3jj 


cq in o 
t^ o cc 


CO 


CO c-> 




c:> CI 


CO 




scuttpv aojuoj\[ 


« rt o 


»o 










O 

CT3 




(M T-. -^ 


c^ 


C^' CO 


CO 


"^ CO 


CM 


■^BJOoraaQ 


CO t^ lO 

CO t^ »o 


t^ 


CD -^ 


^ 


CO »c 






uo:H{SnoQ 't; ^jaqoy 


t^ OS OO 


CD 


CO C^5 


Dl 


CO I^ 


-XJ 






C^l »-i -^ 








CD CO 










"— " 








CD 




UBOqqndajj 


CO CO o 

o »o o 


<M 


CO t-- 

CO 05 


OO 
CO 


C5 1>- 

en CD 


§ 




saiBpv aoauoj\[ 


m OO o 




r^ ^ 


CO 






00 
CO 

CI 




c^ -^ 


<N 


c^ ■^'' 


CO 


■^'" CO 


CM 


tBJOoaiaQ 


OO OO in 
t^ ro in 


CD 


O CO 


OO 


C^J -rt^ 


C-3 




uojij3noQ -q ]aaqo}j 


r^ OO T-H 


t^ 


CO r— 


o 










<M ^ in 




^ CD 






'<*^ 




5 




































!r! >> • 










-8 






11 i 

S fcO aj 


c3 


c3 « O 
U A 125 




E- 





Election Returns 



239 






02 
CO 

oi 
o 

o 

PQ 

O 

H 
O 



o 



o 

o 
;? 
o 
o 

w 

H 



OS 


UB3t|qn[l8-)j 
SBnof jadB-jj 's3[jBq j 


00 -<i* 00 CD lo r^ 

CO 05 CC M "^ CO 

10 "* td CSI cc t-^ 

00 0" to 0' (n' CO 
r-l ^ -^ 


CO 
<M 

CO 


}Bjaoni3Q 


iC !:D C<I GO 00 

■^ <M yD Oi -* 
CD lO CO (N CO 

■^ 00 (m" 10" (N' t-T 

—1 CO 


C7S 

I— 1 

»— < 

CD 




05 


uBoijqnday 
sjaSoy -g sino^ 


CO r^ -ro CO -<** w5 

OS t^ CO CO <M (M 

^^ '^ r- t^ (M (N 

<M lO 00 CO 00 <M 


OS 

10 

0" 

CO 


■jBjaomaQ 


M ^H »0 -* Oi 

t^ c^ t-- ■^ 

t^ CO 00 00 Ir^ ^ 

r-- 00 '^ 0" »-<" 


Oi 

10 

co" 

CO 


00 
C7i 


aAissajgojj 
[31^7 qdiBji 


t-- I— 1 lO t^ CO "^ 


(M 
<M 


UBOiiqndau 
uoniJEjj'-v ^oy; 


<M CO Oi CO '* 

^ CO 10 00 '^ CD 
<M QO t— »0 00 

CO W3 CO CO 00 (M 


CO 

<m' 

CO 


^■BJOoniaQ 


'^ CO t- c^ ^ 

OS OS ^O T-< t^ 

1-^ CO 10 CO Oa 

xC ^ ^- „' 


CO 

s 

00' 


CD 
OS 


UBoqqndajj 


'X) t^ <M ^ 

en. 'tj* CO -* '^ 'tj* 

1— < 10 05 t^ 
C^ »0 »0 CO CSl i-H 


CD 

s 

(M 




CO ■^ CC CO OS 
CO crs Ci 
CD ca 1— 1 C^ »0 CO 

CO -^ CO 


CO 


05 


n'EOiiqnday 
z}n[3 •^'simooq 


<>» 1-1 '<*' CO «? 1-1 

Ci CO 10 t-- ai -N 
Oi 10 en -«f rD GO 

(M iC CO CO "«** <N 


10 

CO*" 




I>- Csl l>- -<JH -*}< r-l 

00 CO <M 'rt^ CO 

t^ 00 ^ r~ 
co' o" ■*' t-" T-T 


CD 

0" 


OS 


u'Eoqqnday 


10 r^ (M OS GO ■* 

r-, CD !>. C^ '<»* 
CI CD CO C^J 

■^ io" >^' co" V c<r 


10 

CO 
<M 




CD 00 ^ -* M Tt< 
(M ^ -fj* t^ t- »0 

»0 CO (M CO xt< 10 

»o CO CO 


00 

co" 

CM 




m 

B 




£ 

> 


, 0. 


1 




IS 


1 
IS 






"5 

c 





240 



North Carolina Manual 



M 
lA 

Oi 

I 

at 



xn 

;z; 
o 
o 

o 
o 

H 
O 
> 



o 
I— I 

Pi 

OS 



1-1 
O 

CO 
CO 

W 

o 
'^ 

o 

o 

W 

H 

t> 

W 







r- i-( GO Oi oo Tj* o 


t- 


1 




imoi^qmlay 


CO CD T-« lO !>■ '^ Oi 

ec ^H to CO o r^ t^ 






pj^qo-juj i^ aSjoao 


■^ CO CO •* c^ »o M 


CD 


« 




■•— ' 






















Ofl ''f ■* Oi (M O Ol 


O 




l^jDoraaQ 


1^ ■^ CO '^ t^ C30 00 
Tt* CD »0 OO ^ -^ CO 


lO 




saiiof v\\ MOJpoo^\^ 


Cq <M lO CO CO O CO 


^ 






»-« <N ^ 






CO '— ' CO CO CO Tf CO 


CO 


OTOiiqntlay 


O CD C^ CO ■* OO -* 
»C C^l CO '-' '^ C^ ^H 


CM 


jsjiniatiqAV A^ "V 


O^ CO -M T-« C^l C<l 


-rt^ 




1 






05 


I 








C^ »-H C^ CO CD GO t-^ 


CM 


)T!J0OradQ 


O <M ■^ CO 35 CO O 

■^ ■^ »r5 o r- CO C<J 


r- 


sanof ■ \\ -wojpoo^v 


'^t^ CO (M '<*■ C^ CO CO 


co 






Ol CO CO OC' CO t-- CO 


-^ 




u^oqqnda^ 


b- CO CD CO (M i-H (N 

'(t* •* '^ C^ IC C^ !M 


CD 




^9upa -y UIAIBQ 


i-H CO <M CO »-H -^r C^ 


































■^ O CD O *C as kO 


S 




^^joomaQ 


CD ^^ CD (M (M Ol O". 
(M <N -(f CO -* CO to 


O 




3l5|uiM[ne 1 V 


t^ (M -^ (M C^ t-. CO 


O 






T-H 








OS O CD CO lO '-' "D- 


CO 




u^oqqnda^j 


^ -rf r-- o CO cs WO 
O ^ CM O I- cs t^ 






■jf 'AatiUBj^ 'A "0 


^ CO CO CM ^ -«** C<I 


CO 


itO 






'"' 












(M ic r- »n CO CO CD 


'«*' 




;iTJ0Oin9Q 


Oi CO »o ^ o: ^ CO 

CC wo O CO ^ CM CO 


\C> 




3|:;taiMina -q "y 


CM »0 CM CO CM CD CO 


CM 




O' I-- OO O Ol CM CO 


OJ 


uBOTiqnday^ 


'^f -M Cr. CO "* OC O 

^ ^ ^ ^ iTj CO CO 


oo 


ssojv -A 'a 


CM »0 -* CM ^ -* CM 


















Oi 






CD 




^t^iOOUIOQ 


CC' O -^ t-- CO c^i o 

■^ en c^i ai -rf »c CO 


»c 




^n"i^ina "1 "v 


CC CO CM CO CM JC- CO 


^ 






'"' 








oo CO '* CO '^t* ai CD 


o 


M 

■<*' 


^T?JOOUI8Q 


CD 02 lO CO CO CD ■^ 
O O OO c: '— Cfi ^ 


CM 


03 


9t^niM[ne -1 -y 


(M iC ^ CM -* CO 


O 
CM 


D3 
































fl 
























o 




o 


3 










- ■ ■ _ ■ -^ ■ 


e^ 




-T3 - --. . t 


O 




velan 

iton. 

dison 

Dowe 

k ... 

:,herfc 

ncey . 


H 














1 o O :S IS £ tf P- 







Election Returns 



241 



I 

9> 



xn 
O 

o 
o 

o 

CO 

o 

O 



O 

s 

CO 



^4 
< 

o 

t— < 
zn 
xn 

H 

o 

o 

o 

w 

►4 
H 



05 


I 


CO o ■^ iO t-- t-- c: cr. o ^ 




OOC^^'—»Ot-COCO»-'CC 


l^jooraaQ 
pjojnqg v aSjoao 


<MOOt^iOI^O»Oi-»ODCO 


o 

CO 




o 

OS 


UBoqqnda'jj 




o 


iO<M^-^'— '"^'CCC^l^'M 


uappa^j -[^ aojuop^ 


QO OG '^ r- 3C c^ oG uo c; <M 

CD ci o --C a; ^ — 3C' ^ X) 


oo 

CO 


iOCC^--»0»C'rt<CCC^CO 








CD 


O'MWr-.C^l'tt^C^C^'^CS 


^jBJOomaQ 
uappa-g Y^ aojuoj^ 


=D re r^ M r-- cc (M CO cc 'Tf 
OOCOCOOiOCCOO-'*' 


CD 


OCO'^'--'I--LO-*CO(MCO 


05 


uttojiqnday; 




CO 

CO 


t^CO^^C^COC^C^^lM 


itiJOOUiaQ 
uappay Yi ^OJ^OW 


t-- O oo (M O O 35 OC Oi t.<J 
C^3 CI O '^O ':>C ^- i— " O O 'CC 
COCOiO^iOOOOOO 


o 

CO 


Tt^CO'-'^^'O'^CC'MCC 


05 


uB3i(qndajj 


OOi— (C005CCO'— 'd'^OS 
OCCCO^OCCOC^ITO'^'^ 

c;io<Mcor-co:C"^"»fco 


CD 

oo 


r-(N^'-'C<J-^C^(M'-'!M 


IBJOomaQ 


oocsici'*'05ira^>oO'— ' 

CDiOCMC^OCOO'-'CC^QO 








uBoiiqnday 


lOO5r-<i-ii-.00OQ0C0^ 


g 


^C^l-(«l-.-HC^^,-.t-^ 


CD 




IBJOOUiaQ 


<r>CT>»CiOO^C^1COOCDO 

co' ro' '-^' ^" ■*" CO CO c^ tN ca 


QO 
CO 

o 

CO 






c» 

V 

*>* 

B 
3 
O 

U 




I 




Buncombe 

Cherokee 

Clay 

Graham 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Jackson 

Macon 

Swain 

Transylvania 



242 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
PRIMARY, MAY 27, 1950 



County 



Alamance. . . 
Alexander . . 
Alleghany. . 

Anson 

Ashe 

.Avery 

Beaufort. . . . 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick . . 
Buncombe . . 

Burke 

Cabarrus. . . 
Caldwell.... 
Camden . . . . 
Carteret. . . . 

Caswell 

Catawba. . . 
Chatham . . . 
Cherokee . . . 
Chowan . . . . 

Clay 

Cleveland . . 
Columbus . . 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck.. . 

Dare 

Davidson . . . 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham. . . . 
Edgecombe . 
Forsyth . . . . 
Franklin . . . . 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham . . . . 
Granville . . . 

Greene 

Guilford.... 

Halifax 

Harnett . . . . 
Haywood . . . 
Henderson . . 
Hertford.... 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson . . . . 
Johnston . . . 
Jones 




,137 
687 
784 
,235 
413 
162 
,454 
,386 
,853 
,014 
,760 
,258 
,575 
,980 
869 
,038 
,193 
,834 
,635 
679 
779 
386 
,208 
,962 
,270 
,055 
,238 
420 
,610 
312 
,769 
,397 
,942 
,219 
,367 
,701 
834 
376 
,457 
695 
,900 
,457 
,502 
,241 
,420 
976 
941 
451 
,278 
,549 
,420 
568 



Frank P. 
Graham 



4,484 

600 

1,034 

2,313 

1,350 

356 

2,025 

1,610 

2,590 

1,910 

12,719 

4,469 

4,034 

2,613 

400 

2,571 

1,265 

3.303 

1,741 

1,430 

764 

431 

4,332 

3,576 

3,194 

4,067 

711 

1,286 

4,353 

1 , 137 

4,305 

12,630 

4,082 

8,894 

1,817 

6,072 

478 

259 

1,711 

1,584 

13,758 

3,584 

3,529 

5,595 

2,012 

1,565 

642 

738 

4,712 

2,249 

5,963 

1,142 



Robert R. 
Reynolds 



601 
126 
299 
407 
91 
50 
191 
150 
574 
456 

7,484 
294 

1,767 
534 
111 
415 
284 
776 
529 
290 
31 
104 
968 
833 
895 
747 
195 
177 
492 
121 
349 

1,112 
423 

1,144 
858 

1,473 

101 

70 

567 

135 

1,829 
738 
434 
606 
955 
230 
115 
S3 

1,107 
333 
789 
311 



011a Rav 
Boyd 



61 
1 

12 

42 

1 

2 

145 

^ 18 

57 

54 

206 

27 

209 

V 68 

- » 9 

■ 24 

S. 43 

51 

^ 13 

": 18 

f 4 

'5 

138 

104 

175 

60 

8 

11 

42 

11 

54 

158 

56 

59 

92 

187 

7 



16 

25 

159 

121 

34 

121 

63 

25 

14 

28 

67 

43 

124 

23 



Election Returns 



243 



Vote for United States Senator 
Primary, May 27, 1950— (Continued) 



County 


Willis 
Smith 


Frank P. 
Graham 


Robert R. 
Reynolds 


011a Ray 
Boyd 


Lee 


1,978 

1,791 

2,233 

929 

1,009 

1,267 

2,067 

14,963 

109 

1 , 293 
2,548 
3,934 
5,310 
2,220 
1,206 
1,234 

773 
1,764 
1,059 
1,179 

2 , 092 
4,519 
1,199 
2,193 
3,847 
4,512 
2,652 
3,870 
4,203 

842 

2,541 

2,229 

394 

2,480 

1,063 

733 

548 

2,847 

2,623 

10,346 

1,825 

558 

514 

4,347 

1,557 

3,204 

499 

473 


2,286 
3,711 
2,887 
1,904 

905 

3,218 

1,906 

10,245 

393 

971 
2,281 
4,464 
6,740 
1,908 
2,221 
5,212 

823 
1,418 
1,110 

657 
2,087 
4,319 

980 
2,381 
4,163 
6,850 
4,937 
6,041 
2,517 
2,943 
1,116 
2,242 
1,912 
4,044 

511 
2,011 

492 
2,762 
3,118 
10,405 
1,267 
1,241 
1,217 
5,406 
3,721 
3,465 
1,238 

940 


361 
723 
462 
270 
216 
196 
900 

1,364 

39 

383 

514 

488 

2,346 
266 
660 
443 
159 
149 
349 
46 
500 
397 
374 
342 

1,144 
704 

1,339 

1,233 

1,645 
96 
208 
559 
141 
481 
222 
455 
138 
536 
910 

1,362 
314 
105 
18 
584 
239 
439 
120 
59 


35 


Lenoir 

Lincoln 


56 
30 


Macon 


32 




18 


Martin 


100 




27 


Mecklenburg 


110 


Mitchell 


1 


Montgomery ... 


11 


Moore 


31 


Nash 


118 


New Hanover 


124 




32 




45 


Orange 


34 


Panalico . 


33 


Pasfjuotank 


12 




14 


Perouimans 


3 


Person 


46 


Pitt 


459 


Polk 


26 


Randolph 


34 




184 


Robeson 


83 




101 




149 




72 




13 




36 


Stanly 


67 


Stokes 


23 


Surry 


51 

9 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 


33 
19 




78 




64 


Wake 


103 


Warren 

Washington 


26 

48 




4 


Wayne 


98 


Wilkes 


16 




79 


Yadkin 


13 


Yancey 


5 


Totals 


250,222 


303,605 


58,752 


5,900 







244 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
SECOND PRIMARY, JUNE 24, 1950 



County 


Frank P. 
Graham 


Willis 
Smith 


Alamance 


4,200 

975 

590 

2,290 

1,699 

394 

1,722 

1,242 

1,872 

1,536 

10,185 

4,334 

2,852 

1,964 

321 

1,976 

981 

2,700 

1,354 

1,625 

682 

• 329 

4,701 

2,770 

2,176 

3,747 

682 

691 

4,243 

1,049 

3,185 

10,973 

3,497 

8,213 

1,800 

5,975 

437 

329 

1,343 

1,328 

12,606 

2,206 

3,387 

3,974 

2,070 

997 

518 

553 

4,192 

1,293 

5,039 

634 


3,494 

897 
1.166 
2 818 


Alexander : 


Alleghany 


Anson 


Ashe 


765 
■ 201 


Averv 


Beaufort 


3,452 

1 4=ii 


Bertie 


Bladen 


'' 892 


Brunswick 


1 738 


Buncombe 


fi 'il 1 


Burke 


9 iU 


Cabarrus 


5,664 
2,416 
~ 650 


Caldwell 


Camden 


Carteret 


1,629 
1,569 
4,492 
2,217 
. 7fin 


Caswell 


Catawba 


Chatham 


Cherokee 


Chowan 


700 




359 


Cleveland 


7 004 




6 000 


Craven 


3 205 




6 595 


Currituck 


1 212 




298 
2 982 


Davidson 




313 


Duplin 


3 251 




6 404 


Edgecombe 


3 271 




5 ''76 


Franklin 


3 918 




7 279 


Gates 


845 




452 


Granville 


2 878 




921 


Guilford 


10 147 




3 659 


Harnett 


3 663 




1 719 


Henderson 


3 869 




1 056 


Hoke 


989 


Hvde 


600 


Iredell 


6,062 
1 186 




Johnston 


6 736 




670 



Election Returns 



245 



Vote For United States Senator 
Second Primary, June 24, 1950 — (Continued) 



County 


Frank P. 
Graham 


Willis 
Smith 


Lee 


1,513 
3,163 
2,179 
1,323 
1,907 
2,390 
2,555 
9,701 

459 
1,028 
2,033 
3,812 
4,761 
1,352 
1.763 
4.269 

586 
1,179 

796 

394 
2,099 
3,430 
1,172 
2.133 
3,616 
4,281 
2,879 
4.620 
2,860 
2,880 

840 
2,334 
1,792 
4,081 

461 
1,524 

414 
2,933 
2,777 
10,247 
1,018 
1,229 
1,434 
4,199 
3,547 
2,915 
1,307 
1,173 


2,173 
2 606 


Lenoir 


Lincoln 


2 149 


Macon 


506 


Madison 


213 


Martin 


1 436 


McDowell 


2 424 


Mecklenburg 


15 067 


Mitchell 


136 


Montgomery 


1,872 


Moore 


2 988 


Nash 


4 737 


New Hanover 


6,284 
1 985 


Northampton 


Onslow 


1,591 


Orange 


1 462 


Pamlico 


852 


Pasquotank 


1 574 


Pender 


1 383 


Perquimans 


1,016 


Person 


2 933 


Pitt 


4,571 




1 450 


Randolph 


2,605 




2,824 


Robeson 


4,489 




2,110 


Rowan 


3 382 




5,070 


Sampson 


1 444 




2,547 


Stanly ; . . . 


3,100 




535 


Surry 


2,436 




926 


Transylvania 


647 




544 


Union 


3,759 




3,240 


Wake 


13,930 




1,972 


Washington 


937 




487 


Wayne 


4,998 




1,557 


Wilson 


4,320 




513 


Yancey 


796 






Totals 


261,789 


281,114 







246 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
NOVEMBER 7, 1950 



County 



Alamance . . 
Alexander. . 
Alleghany. . 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort. . . 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick . 
Buncombe . 

Burke 

Cabarrus . . . 
Caldwell . . . 
Camden . . . 
Carteret. . . 
Caswell .... 
Catawba . . . 
Chatham . . . 
Cherokee . . 
Chowan .... 

Clay 

Cleveland. . 
Columbus. . 
Craven .... 
Cumberland 
Currituck . . 

Dare 

Davidson . . 

Davie 

Duplin .... 
Durham . . . 
Edgecombe. 
Forsyth .... 
Franklin . . . 
Gaston .... 

Gates 

Graham .... 
Granville . . 

Greene 

Guilford . . . 
Halifa.x.... 
Harnett ... 
Haywood. . 
Henderson . 
Hertford... 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson .... 
Johnston . . . 
Jones 



Regular Term 



Clyde R. 

Hoey 
Democrat 



318 
353 
844 
842 
963 
827 
856 
048 
691 
868 
970 
620 
873 
608 
245 
159 
845 
537 
039 
842 
571 
553 
206 
183 
459 
661 
707 
652 
609 
237 
773 
952 
146 
693 
093 
716 
336 
697 
501 
766 
422 
625 
410 
722 
146 
959 
803 
426 
630 
551 
311 
649 



Halsey B. 

Leavitt 

Republican 



3,891 
2.588 

992 

167 
4,109 
2,137 

221 
19 

101 
1,610 
6,240 



5,380 

2,474 

3,839 

16 

785 

116 

8,261 



1,488 

2,735 

27 

1,395 

531 

308 

202 

346 

20 

71 

8,081 

2,498 

267 

1,.324 

130 

2,857 

67 

2,290 

17 

1,390 

97 

16 

3,403 

129 

1,068 



,629 

4,273 

35 

24 

42 

3,155 

3,241 

2,577 

27 



Unexpired Term 



Willis 

Smith 

Democrat 



7,707 
3,315 
1,834 
1,812 
4,929 

785 
1,819 
2,355 
1,701 
2,852 
16,068 
7,457 
7,845 
5,601 

244 
3,091 

831 
9,472 
2,898 
3,808 

554 
1,553 
4,088 
3,158 
2,371 
2,623 

714 

631 
10,149 
2,146 
2,698 
5,351 
2,061 
7,906 
2,045 
8,143 

325 
1,692 
1,482 

756 

10,437 

3,553 



,246 

,638 

,006 

1,892 

787 

413 

6,629 

4,540 

6,991 

640 



E. L. 

Gavin 

Republican 



4,258 
2,605 
1,004 

197 
4,121 
2,149 

252 
22 

144 
1,637 
5,893 
5,470 
2,478 
3,844 
19 

843 

123 
8,312 
1,610 
2,751 
30 
1,392 

577 

338 

248 

388 

25 

69 

8,259 

2,553 

320 
1,638 

178 
3,0.38 

107 

2,365 

18 

1,393 

97 

16 

3,765 

185 
1,259 



677 

376 

54 

26 

44 

3,169 

3,247 

2,766 

30 



Frank P. 
Graham* 
Democrat 



64 
1 




1 
3 


107 

16 
9 






17 






18 
8 



36 

3 

6 

254 



369 

2 



2 





2 

334 

14 

10 


4 



34 


16 




Election Returns 



247 



Vote for United States Senator, November 7, 1950 — (Continued) 





Regular Term 


Unexpired Term 




County 


Clyde R. 

Hoey 
Democrat 


Halsey B. 

Leavitt 
Republican 


Willis 

Smith 

Democrat 


E. L. 

Gavin 

Republican 


Frank P. 
Graham* 
Democrat 


Lee 


3,708 
1,772 
5,157 
3,529 
2,892 
1,389 
4,610 

14,869 
1,142 
2,978 
3,393 
3,399 
4,659 
1,670 
1,243 
2,641 
834 
1,132 
1,010 
472 
1,219 
3,290 
2,813 
7,353 
2,328 
2,798 
7,259 
7,557 
6,313 
5,658 
1,103 
6,653 
3,983 
6,452 
2,024 
3,153 
941 
2,310 
1,545 

10,347 
1,268 
874 
3,532 
3,534 
7,813 
2,479 
2,613 
3,249 


492 

116 

3,634 

2,445 

3,263 

36 

2,240 

3,646 

2,218 

2,262 

1,472 

190 

702 

36 

85 

691 

185 

143 

45 

28 

125 

142 

1,643 

7,647 

238 

160 

2,251 

3,463 

2,307 

5,101 

61 

5,900 

2,877 

3,504 

1,053 

2,551 

294 

248 

140 

1,359 

50 

126 

3,380 

554 

8,217 

182 

3,440 

2,150 


3,398 
1,645 
5,098 
3,510 
2,875 
1,356 
4,621 
14,751 
1,112 
2,912 
3,343 
3,320 
4,492 
1,635 
1,223 
1,959 

829 
1,116 
1,001 

465 
1,180 
3,190 
2,757 
7,048 
2,265 
2,730 
6,861 
7,167 
6,971 
5,445 
1,092 
6,414 
3,914 
6,314 
2,009 
3,025 

915 
2,200 
1,504 
9,689 
1,240 

870 
3,492 
3,479 
7,701 
2,381 
2,538 
3,218 


986 

174 

3,642 

2,424 

3,266 

52 

2,263 

3,827 

2,205 

2,313 

1,608 

237 

825 

52 

100 

954 

201 

157 

64 

33 

160 

215 

1,659 

7,845 

263 

203 

2,212 

3,694 

2,361 

5,322 

72 

5,997 

2,894 

3,. 570 

1,127 

2,557 

302 

261 

165 

1,817 

69 

1.30 

3,490 

692 

8,186 

215 

3,449 

2,064 


8 
35 


Lincoln 

Macon 











Martin 


2 







Mecklenburg . . . 


78 


Mitchell " 










Moore 





Nash 


5 




10 


Northampton 


8 







Orange 


389 


Pamlico 


1 




5 


Pender 





Perquimans 





Person 





Pitt 


10 


Polk 





Randolph 







2 




9 


Rockingham 


59 




9 




4 


Sampson 


4 




5 


Stanly 







6 


Surry 





Swain 





Transvlvania 





Tvrrell 





Union 










Wake 


166 


Warren 


10 


Washington 


15 







Wavne 


32 


Wilkes 





Wilson 


57 


Yadkin 





Yancey 









Totals 


376,472 


171,804 


364,912 


177,753 


2,259' 







*Write-in votes 



248 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 



Proposed amendments to the Constitution of North Carolina 
submitted to a vote of the people at the General Election, 

November 4, 1952 



No. 1 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 142, Session Laws 1951. 
Article 5, Section 6 

"Section 6. Taxes levied for counties. The total of the State 
and county tax on property shall not exceed twenty cents (20c) on 
the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property, except when 
the county property tax is levied for a special pu.rpose and with 
the special approval of the General Assembly, which may be done 
by special or general act: Provided, this limitation shall not apply 
to taxes levied for the maintenance of the public schools of the 
State fo)- the term required by Article 9, Section 3, of the Consti- 
tution : Provided, further, the State tax shall not exceed five cents 
(5c) on the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property." 

No. 2 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 1003, Session Laws 1951. 
Article II, Section 13 

"If a vacancy shall occur in the General Assembly by death, 
resignation or otherwise, the said vacancy shall be filled immedi- 
ately by the Governor appointing the person recommended by the 
executive committee of the county in which the deceased or resigned 
member was resident, being the executive committee of the poli- 
tical party with which the deceased or resigned member was 
affiliated at the time of his election." 



Election Returns 249 

No. 3 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 1082, Session Laws 1951. 
Article IV, Section 25 

"All vacancies occuri'ing in the offices provided for by this Article 
of the Constitution shall be filled by the appointment of the 
Governor, unless otherwise provided for, and the appointees shall 
hold their places until the next regular election for members of 
the General Assembly that is held more than 30 days after such 
vacancy occurs, when elections shall be held to fill such offices." 



250 



North Carolina Manual 



H 
'^ 
U 
O 

u 

PQ 
H 

Q 
"^ 



;?; 

o 
o 

O 

O 

W 
H 
O 
> 



m 
S 





OS 



S 



O M 



H ^ I- Oj 

a :- o o 



'^ a 



oic; 



sa 



P o :fl 



-T c^i t'- oc — ' r— c; cc — ' X >c r- ic oc — GC -T (M CO o -— cq ic I-- 

cc— • CM 1— ia;ro»occ irj,— ,._( cm-— 



b-OC0O00C0r-iO5CCr^CMO-^I>-O'M^-'— • — OOlOiO-P 

t^cCQOCMOc^icsiOot^-— ■con'cocoior---r'rqioco<r>ooos 

M ■— < O C^ •-' CD CV3 



u. ?3 C s 

b: '^ ^ ' 

CO a >> oj^ 

z — "^ o = 
3 al« I. £ i 






^ i^ — w Kf, r-i S^ ra 






= (^ 2 



-a 






z '^ « " = 
He £ -'5 



£; s s 



CO C 



7^ ra -u. » 



B ^ 



ofcq 
^ c o 



;r c, ?i fc- «: 



<:.S: 



33 felStd 






CM o cc m o -M ^■^ -r -r o fiD c-i cc -r - 

OCCOCC— "COOCCCCCCC'— '-i-C^l-rCM- 
CO'—' >— iCM i— I .— 1.— (1— .TO-^ 



■'-T»nai:^oaasacooo 

' — tlD I— O CM "T 'T CO I- 
f 1— lO t^ 'w CI OJ CM ^^ 31 



~70-rt^»C-rc: — : 

!:c c^ x lo c) ^- ~. c: : 



ic :C -r ~ X ro CI c: 'M oi ^- ro X cr, c^i 
■3 ;c r» O) c: oi »o I- --t- -r -r cT! c: wti to 

•^ X c-1 o t- -r r^ oi tr: X 3C lO cc :^ o 



M Cl f— I C-l f-i (M --H ~ x^ c: »o 



C^J '-' — CM --I 



I o o? 



-■2 sis 

K-^ IK 

H ra oj +^ !/! 

So Q, C8 



rt 



^ = 1 



>.' 



1:1 II 



Sex O r- 

•**! bO >i ^ o 

^ t^ IL. ^ C3 






,— 1-^,— .co-+^C5^-a:X'aicooiCMccoco — r^»f^-cot^co»o 
lO 00 — w -r I- »o d I- -f o-i w CO ctj o cr. —^ oj c^i o X cc C'l CO 
o ic o X O' (M ctj -r X CO cz: c^i •— • c; CM c^i en X cr.' 'T CO -r CO i^ 

i^T-M.— — iro— 1^^ r— .— ifs»CG". lO ■— r-,,— ..— . -rcM 



iox.— ic-jx-^cooxx^-xo^iooi'— it-^r--a;cotCiOC^x 

O"^— iC^liO — l-iO-rX-T— 'CMCMCOCMXXI^— OOCiCI^tO 

_ cDi—iCTic^ictc^j — — c:X'w — CM-r-rc^c^i'— ixcct-^cocoo 
o - - 

^ XCM 






C'l -— O CM C^3 



CO -^ 



•■3 

o 

o 



;& 



= & e 



J5 i-6 H ■ ;».■— w a, in 
S cSi 2-c f ? i- S != 



cc _■ - ■ . f- e oj 
^i_ = t.xii2CMm-Scaeo 

^333rtc3c3(SM rt J= J= ^ 

-y^ ^tn ^n m r ^ r '^ r ir 'i r \r \ r \r ' r 









Election Returns 



251 






00 « C^l CS CO 



»-Hi^i,— i,-i i-<(M ,-4cqi-i 



■rt<OOCO'-HCS|tOCCOaiCO«D05000C<IlC50t^O-^TPOir^CDt^i«OiCCOOt^"^CC05'n'*^05C05Drt'OS 



t^-^-Tf^DfO-— ".-< t--'NiO i—*COCOC<i'^^'>iCOt^ 






.-. CO -— ' iM — 1 !>. 



-— ' C^l CO CO CO 



CO -H CO ,—.,—. re '—' i-t .-H t^ i-H CO i-* 



cocooc<iicoocoooosoor-~c_ _. 

CiCO(MOsCOOOOt^I>-0-^uOCO'C_ _ _ __ _ ____ __ 

05t--^o»o<^^-•■--^:^coo»oollCt^-T'■^itOto»c^■^cO'--•"rai-t':o«3=Oloc^^c^^GC^oc^oo•— «-rio 



■:0 -r -rri ^O -T" r-i T 



CO C^ "O ,-. CO CO CQ •-« C^ CO -^ —< C^ -rf »o 



^-•T-Hcoc^coliOc:'t-H(^.lOi■n^I-HTt'':o-t'-t^--•»ocococo•— '0ooaotoi:oc330icot>-c^oi-r»ococo-rt--ci 
ostooocc'^ooco:oocair~oi>-Oco-^c-i'>jc^iaiCsicoGCcsc^iiCio»raocooc^or'-'X>-Hi00oocc^ 
coMcocO'— 'C^i"^-^c^O"^'^c^i^cccoasocooococococ^O'--'COcoaii— ic^oO'— iioc<ic^ooo:>t:o 



-— « CO -r -r ifs -^ 



OOCl-^ •-'C^-^'M.-i.-HC^Oi^H^-CClM 



n^oo-t^cDt^-— toocOrt'.-HOc^iO'— •'-'cooowc^oco-f''— <coi^Tt'-r-t'---cocscO'--o>rtOc^o-rn^ 
"T-— 'iri^ot--oooo.— tO'-H-j-co:ococo^^ot--»f3-^»jococii-^cci:^("-a;-r'>i— '^o^ococicocDcooio 
•— oji-^cocooiOojic-— '"^•*u5t--ioo5ir^c^'^wt)Tr'T'--<"r^ocoir^»or'''— 'coc^o-— >cO"t^'— '--'T'CCi 



OOi— tCOC^-^OOiM-f^ 



■* Tf »c -r ■— ' >— t 



cOiM»C i-HCOCCCaC^'MCOOi'-tC-J-ru^ 



t3 

1, 3 






> Q >- 

233<^c3c333 

OOOQQQQQ 






-a 



.-a o_, 



T3 O C 



c6 CD . . 

coo 



kl k( fc- 3 CS A 



S a» O • '^^J o *;^ 
ts T3 ^~' 4J a^ o tw i; 



t.— a ^ 

- o g-- wQ jij-J; 



*^ ^ 

~ o- 
o o 



252 



North Carolina Manual 



c 
o 



I— I 

H 
O 

CQ 

02 
H 

;?; 

Q 

o 
;z; 

o 
o 

O 

Em 

;z; 
o 

H 

o 



05 

s a 
-a « 



2S I;^ ^ S S2 L: 32 "^i ^ ^" °^ f" '^ "^ '^^ '^* '^ ^'^ ^ »^ '^ <M » * "^ 



c^ — - 



(M-^CO'-HC<ICC>OCC- 



s 
-< 


■^ 


n 


CJ 


a 


-a 


o 






jr. 














< 


<D 


rt 




s 


O! 



o 






.2 *=• a o <L> 

I- CJ 5 = X 

t- 03 S l-[tl 

g S ^ 1- ° 

^ ^ ^ s =-§• 

z-^-^ o c ^ 

z a a 

S = o c 2 _ 

^ c-r^ S — 

■^ a ■" o- =^ 



>>M .-S-O, 



&«■■ 



o ■;: 



C3 

so 



a* - 

a 



1 ca 

• M^ g : 
.'i.S D,-; 



c 



u £5 



3Q = 

3^ « 

i ii t. o 
= j= JJ'-S 

= * s^ 

: a^i*- 

3 . S O 

^ -^ .rr Q^ 
J t- w a 
■ « a> H 






OOCOiC^lt^C^ — t^tccD^^oi^T^-rcoc^c 



1 1^ t- oi m --" -r 



O ^ ^ Tf W ^ 



-■^c^lic-rwtit-— -:oco^--*'^H-^r 



; o o ; 



o 

0- ^^ CO 
H rt 4j -fcj £/■ 






f; ;^ O ^ Oj 

5 ^ fc E— ' — 
Q :a t> ^^ s 

-< M ^' U O 

. H ^' ^ S -^ 
S 2 o c-f 

• '^ ^^ >■ _c ^ 



300,: 






CO ^H ^H C-) -H 



•— '-^-HlOCCTCOO^COC^r— lO-^CO 






s 

o 

o 



u a 



fe OJ ^ 



3o S M 



£ S (5 >. ?= 



ai;ca«S55.-Soa-=oco35£43^5s2 

OOPHPH&HCL,ft<OHflHP5WKCCWK-Z2'73C/3Ma3-/2E-' 



w QT. — . 3 a; -3 2 _^ H en-— ■ S '-' ^ CO 



Election Returns 



253 



ffOOOOiOO-— tl>.CS — O-^GOCO 
_ ,_. (O 1-* M CQ .-< .— ( 



-1— iiCC^t^— 'O^CiMOOOM 

-1— iCJi— .CDcCu^CCOiOOiC^I 



Tfcao-— I.— 1,— iiftcoiOi— 'CO 



y-i O^ Oi -— I <n (M -— ■ — < 



cDt^X'CCiO—- •coOc^iocD'-r' 

"^COOOOOCDCOiCfMC^OOiC 



i:DiC-HCCC30t^»n»fti/5cDQO<M 
(MCOOC'OOt-COOlfMfMC^i-i 



CO (M 1— I T-i .-H CC --f CKl C^ .— I 



OOCOOlt^iCOi'XJU^'— 't^QOCC 
^Olt-OiCDC^OOOGCMC^i-H 



: : : : • bo jj. ; ; ; ■ ■ 



o 









254 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE ON PROHIBITION 1881 AND 1908 



August, 1881 



May, 1908 



For 

Prohibition 

48,370 



Against 

Prohibition 

166,325 



For 

Prohibition 

113,612 



Against 

Prohibition 

69,416 



Vote on calling convention to consider proposed amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States repealing 
the 18th amendment and Election of Delegates. 



November, 1933 







Delegates 


Delegates 






For Repeal 


Against 


For 


No 


of 


Repal of 


Convention 


Convention 


18th 


18th 






Amendment 


Amendment 


120,190 


293,484 


115,482 


300,054 



PART V 

GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, 
BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



GOVERNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



ADVISORY BUDGET COMMISSION 
1925, c. 89; 1929, c. 100, s. 4; 1931 c. 295; 1951 c. 768; G. S. 143-4 

Composition: Six members, Chairman of the Appropriations and 
Finance Committees of the House and Senate, and two members 
appointed by the Governor. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Hari-y B. Caldwell Greensboro 

Alonzo C. Edwards Hookerton 

Appointed by the Legislature: 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Claude Currie Durham 

J. K. Doughton Stratford 

Wm. B. Rodman Washington 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE 

Rev. s. 3931; Code S. 2184; 1901, c. 479, ss 2, 4; 1907, c. 497, s. 1; 
1931, c. 360, s. 1; 1937, c. 174; C. S. 4667; G. S. 106-2 

Composition: Eleven members, ten appointed by the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Chairman, Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

Glenn G. Gilmore Julian 

Hoyle C. Griffin Monroe 

Claude T. Hall Roxboro 

0. J. Holler Union Mills 

J. Muse McCotter New Bern 

Ethel Parker Gatesville 

Charles F. Phillips Thomasville 

J. H. Poole West End 

A. B. Slagle Franklin 

J. E. Winslow Greenville 



257 



258 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOAKD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

1937, c. 49, ss. 2, 3; c. 411; 1939, c. 185, s. 5; 1941, c. 
107, s. 5; G. S. 18-37; G. S. 18-38 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Frank T. Erwin (Acting Chairman) Durham 

Sam Etheridge Washington 

S. C. Brawley Durham 

Roy L. Davis, Secretary Manteo 

STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

Rev. s. 4539; 1903, c. 767, s. 2; 1907, c. 714 s. 1; 1941, c. 306; 
1943, c. 237; 1945, c. 55; C. S. 6141; G. S. 121-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Benjamin Franklin Brown, Chaii'man Raleigh 

William Thomas Laprade Durham 

Gertrude Sprague Carraway New Bern 

Mrs. P. F. Patton Hendersonville 

McDaniel Lewis Greensboro 

Clarence W. Griffin Forest City 

Mrs. B. T. Williams Stedman 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE ART SOCIETY 

1929, c. 314; 1943, c. 752; G. S. 140-1 

Composition: Sixteen members. Four members Ex-officio; four 
members appointed by the Governor; eight members elected by 
the Art Society. 

Ex-officio. 

William B. Umstead, Governor Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney-General Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public Insti-uction, Raleigh 
l^Irs. C. A. Richardson, Chairman of the Art Depart- 
ment, State Federation of Women's Clubs Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 259 

Appointed : 

Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

Mrs. Louis Sutton Raleigh 

Dr. Sylvester Green Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Charles M. Griffin Wilson 

Elected: 

Edwin Gill Greensboro 

Mrs. Isabelle Bov^-en Henderson Raleigh 

Dr. Clemens Sommer Chapel Hill 

Katherine Morris Raleigh 

Dr. Clarence Poe Raleigh 

Mrs. William Hatch Raleigh 

Jonathan Daniels Raleigh 

Mrs. Henry London Fayetteville 

Lucy Cherry Crisp, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSMENT 
1939, c. 310, s. 200; 1941, c. 327, s. 6; 1947 c. 184; G. S. 105-273 

Composition: Five members, all Ex-officio under the Act. 

Eugene G. Shaw, Commissioner of Revenue, Chairman .... Raleigh 
Stanley Winborne, Chairman Public Utilities Commission, Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, Director of Local Government Raleigh 

James S. Currie, Director Department of Tax Research .... Raleigh 
J. C. Bethune, Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BANKING COMMISSION 

1931, c. 243, s. 1; 1935, c. 266; 1939, c. 91, s. 1; 1949, c. 372; 

G. S. 53-92 

Composition: Nine members. Two Ex-officio, seven appointed 
by the Governor. 

Brandon P. Hodges, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Ex-officio Raleigh 

W. Hal Farrell Graham 

R. P. Holding Smithfield 

Garland Johnson, Secretary Elkin 



260 North Carolina Manual 

R. Emmett Kerr Charlotte 

James R. McKenzie Laurinburg 

Oscar J. Mooneyham Forest City 

Reade R. Pickler Albemarle 

STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

1935, c. 53, s. 1; 1937, c. 285; G. S. 111-1; 111-3 

Composition: Eleven members. Five Ex-officio, six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Judge Sam M. Cathey, Chairman Asheville 

Dr. Howard E. Jensen Durham 

H. C. Bradshaw Durham 

Frank C. King Brevard 

Sam Alford Henderson 

Thomas S. Payne Washington 

Ex-officio members: 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton Raleigh 

Ernest C. McCracken Raleigh 

Col. Charles H. Warren Raleigh 

E. N. Peeler Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston Raleigh 

H. A. Wood, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

N. C. BOARD OF BOILER RULES 
1935, c. 326; G. S. 95-54 

Composition: Five members. One Ex-officio, four appointed by 
the Governor. 

Forrest H. Shuford, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

William E. Shuping, Jr Greensboro 

W. W. Lloyd Greensboro 

R. Gordon Thomas Raleigh 

Wm. H. Ruffin Durham 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 261 

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 

1933, c. 392, s. 4; 1941, c. 280, s. 2; G. S. 143-139 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Albert L. Haskins, Jr., Chairman Raleigh 

Bernard Crocker, Jr., Secretary Raleigh 

W. Price Hand Belmont 

George Robb High Point 

L. H. Rouse Wilmington 

BOARD OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

1941, c. 224, s. 2; G. S. 129-2 

Composition: Five members, all Ex-ofRcio under above Act. 

William B. Umstead, Governor Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, Treasurer Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 

D. S. Coltrane, Assistant Director Budget Raleigh 

BOARD OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

1925, c. 122, s. 6; 1927, c. 57; 1941, c. 45; 1945, c. 638; 

G. S. 113-4; 113-5 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

William B. Umstead, Governor, Honorary Chairman Raleigh 

Miles J. Smith, Chairman Salisbury 

Walter J. Damtoft, Vice Chairman Canton 

Chas. S. Allen Durham 

William B. Austin Jefferson 

Aubrey L. Cavenaugh Warsaw 

Staley A. Cook Burlington 

Ferd Davis Zebulon 

C. Sylvester Green Chapel Hill 

Charles H. Jenkins Ahoskie 

Fred P. Latham Belhaven 

Mrs. Roland McClamroch Chapel Hill 

Hugh McRae Morton Wilmington 



262 iN'oKTH Carolina Manual 

J. C MurclocK Troutmanvv 

W. Locke Robinson Mars Hih 

Buxton White Elizabeth City 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF CORRECTION 
AND TRAINING 

1943. c. 776, s. 1; 1945, c. 847; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-90* 

Composition: Ten members. One Ex-officio, nine appointed b> 
the Governor. 

C. A. Dillon, Chairman Raleigh 

Dr. W. A. Stanbury, Vice-Chairman Asheboro 

W. N. Harrell Wilson 

Joseph W. Nordan Raleigh 

Pearl Thompson Salisbury 

Jesse C. Fisher Concord 

Steed Rollins Durham 

Mrs. Lyal Shoemaker Asheville 

T. Clyde Auman West End 

Dr. Ellen Winston (Ex-officio) Raleigh 

S. E. Leonard, Commissioner Raleigh 

*(This Boaixl has the management of the Stonewall Jackson 
Training School, Eastern Carolina Training School, State Home 
and Industrial School, Morrison Training School and State Train- 
ing School for Negro Girls.) 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

N. C. Constitution, Art. IX, sec. 8; G. S. 115-16.1 

Composition: Thirteen members. Three Ex-officio; ten appointed 
by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly. 

Luther H. Hodges, Lieutenant Governor, Chairman, 

Ex-officio Leaksville 

D. Hiden Ramsey, Vice-Chairman Asheville 

Charles F. Carroll, Supt. Public Instruction, Secretary, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

A. S. Brevier Durham 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 263 

B. B. Dougherty Boone 

Claude H. Farrell Elkin 

A. McL. Graham Clinton 

J. Harold Lineberger Belmont 

Santford Martin Winston-Salem 

Paul S. Oliver Fairaiont 

J. A. Pritchett Windsor 

Harold L. Trigg Raleigh 

C. D. Douglas, Controller Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 

Rev. 4300; 1901, c. 89, s. 5; 1933, c. 165, s. 1; C. S. 5921; G. S. 163-8 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Charles M. Britt, Chairman (D) Asheville 

Haywood Robbins (D) Charlotte 

Harry Ferebee (R) Camden 

P. E. Brown (R) North Wilkesboro 

J. Eugene Snyder (R) Lexington 

R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

Ex. 1936, c. 1, s. 10; 1941, c. 108, s. 10; 1941, c. 279, ss. 1-3; 
1943, c. 377, s. 15; 1947, c. 598; G. S. 96-3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Raleigh 

R. Dave Hall Belmont 

W. Benton Pipkin Reidsville 

Bruce E. Davis Charlotte 

C. A. Fink Salisbury 

Mrs. Quentin Gregory Halifax 

Dr. Harry D. Wolf Chapel Hill 

GASOLINE AND OIL INSPECTION BOARD 
1937, c. 425, s. 9; 1941, c. 220; 1949, c. 1167; G. S. 119-26 

Composition: Five members. Two Ex-officio, three appointed by 
the Governor. 
L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 



264 North Carolina Manual 

C. D. Baucom, Director Gasoline and Oil Inspection 

Division, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Garland E. Bobbitt Raleigh 

C. A. Home Wilmington 

Roby E. Taylor Winston-Salem 

GENERAL STATUTES COMMISSION 

1945, c. 157; 1947, c. 114; G. S. 164-14 

Composition: Nine members appointed as follows: One each by 
the President of the North Carolina State Bar and North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; one each by the Deans of the law schools 
of Duke, Wake Forest, and the University of North Carolina; 
one each by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the 
House, and two by the Governor. 

Robert F. Moseley, Chairman Greensboro 

Luther E. Barnhardt Concord 

Frank W. Hanft Chapel Hill 

Malcolm McDermott Durham 

Henry A. McKinnon Lumberton 

William Joslin Raleigh 

William C. Soule Wake Forest 

J. Spencer Bell Charlotte 

Robert Lassiter, Jr Charlotte 

Edward B. Hipp, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

Rev. s. 4435; Code, s. 2875; 1879, c. 177, s. 1; 1885, c. 237, s. 1; 

1893, c. 214, s. 1; 1911, c. 62, s. 1; 1931, c. 177, s. 1; 1945, c. 

281; C.S. 7048; G. S. 130-1 

Composition: Nine members. Five appointed by the Governor, 
four elected by the Medical Society. 

Dr. G. Grady Dixon, President Ayden 

Dr. Hubert B. Haywood, Vice-President Raleigh 

Dr. H. Lee Large Rocky Mount 

Mrs. James B. Hunt Lucama 

Dr. John R. Bender Winston-Salem 

Dr. Ben J. Lawrence Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 265 

Dr. A. C. Current Gastonia 

Dr. H. C. Lutz Hickory 

Dr. G. Curtis Crump Asheville 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Officer, 

Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION 

1933, c. 172, s. 2; 1935; c. 257, s. 1; 1937, c. 297, s. 1; 1941, c. 
57, s. 1; 1945, c, 895; G. S. 136-1 

Composition: Chairman and ten commissioners appointed by the 
Governor: 

Dr. H. W. Jordan, Chairman Cedar Falls 

H. G. Shelton Speed 

W. Guy Hargett Richlands 

A. Wilbur Clark Fayetteville 

Dr. R. E. Earp ."... Selma 

James A. Barnwell Burlington 

George S. Coble Lexington 

M. Otis Poole Candor 

Paul T. Taylor Winston-Salem 

Joseph Graham Iron Station 

L. Dale Thrash Asheville 

STATE (HOSPITAL) ADVISORY COUNCIL 

1945, c. 1096; 1947, c. 933; 1949, c. 1019; G. S. 131-120 

Claude F. Gaddy, Chairman Raleigh 

Dr. R. E. Earp Selma 

James P. Richardson Charlotte 

George Watts Hill Durham 

Dr. David A. Young Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITALS BOARD OF CONTROL 

1943, c. 136; 1945, c. 925; G. S. 122-7* 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

W. G. Clark, Chairman Tarboro 

John W. Umstead, Jr., Vice Chairman Chapel Hill 



266 North Carolina Manual 

Mrs. Reba Gavin Kenansville 

John S. Rugg-les Southern Pines 

H. W. Kendall Greensboro 

Kelly E. Bennett Biyson City 

Bedford Black Kannapolis 

Thomas O'Berry Goldsboro 

Dr. Yates S. Palmer Valdese 

R. P. Richardson Reidsville 

F. A. Whiteside Gastonia 

J. Dwight Barbour Clayton 

Mrs. E. H. Lasater Ei-win 

Frank M. Kilpatrick Ayden 

Dr. W. H. Kibler Morganton 

Dr. David A. Young, General Superintendent Raleigh 

Roy M. Purser, General Business Manager Goldsboro 

*(This Board has the management of the State Hospital at 
Raleigh, the State Hospital at Morganton, the State Hospital at 
Goldsboro, the State Hospital at Butner, and the Caswell Training 
School.) 

NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

1929, c. 120, s. .51; 1931, c. 274, s. 8; G. S. 97-77 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor, 

J. Frank Huskins, Chairman Bumsville 

J. W. Bean Spencer 

Robert L. Scott Durham 

NORTH CAROLINA INSURANCE ADVISORY BOARD 

194.5, c. 383; G.S. 58-27.1 

Composition: Seven Members. One statutory and six appointed 
by the Governor. 
Waldo C. Cheek, Commissioner of Insurance, Chairman 

(Statutory) Raleigh 

Wm. H. Andrews, Jr Greensboro 

Harry G. Latimer Wilmington 

Fred A. Cochrane Rt. 8, Charlotte 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 267 

W. N. Nelson Spray 

George A. Iseley Raleigh 

J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham 



THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE LAW 

ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' BENEFIT 

AND RETIREMENT FUND 

1937, c. 349, s. 8; 1939, c. 6; 1941, cc. 56, 157; 1943, c. 
145; 1949, c. 1055; 1951, c. 382, G. S. 143-166 

Composition: Seven members. Three Ex-officio, four appointed 
by the Governor. 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman, Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

Waldo C. Cheek, State Insurance Commissioner, 

Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, StateTreasurer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

B. Everett Jordan Saxapahaw 

W. B. Lentz Greensboro 

Robert J. Pleasants Raleigh 

C. C. Stoker High Point 



LIBRARY COMMISSION OF NORTH CAROLINA 

1909, c. 873, s. 1; C. S. 6597; G. S. 125-18 

Composition: Five members. Two Ex-officio, two appointed by 
the North Carolina Library Association, one appointed by the 
Governor. 

Carrie Broughton, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent Public 

Instruction, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Mrs. Ford S. Worthy Washington 

Spencer Murphy Salisbuiy 

Mrs. T. Lenoir Gwyn Waynesville 

Elizabeth House, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



268 North Carolina Manual 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

1931, c. 60, s. 7; 1931, c. 296, s. 8; 1933, c. 31, s. 1; G. S. 159-3 

Composition: Nine members. Four Ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Eugene Shaw, Commissioner of Revenue, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Walter A. Coble Guilford College 

S. Preston Douglas Lumberton 

L. B. HoUowell Gastonia 

W. T. Moss Youngsville 

C. W. Roberts Leaksville 

W. E. Easterling, Secretary Raleigh 

LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1938, c. 390, s. 8; 1941, c. 357, s. 6; 1943, c. 535; 1945, c. 526; 
1947, c. 259; G. S. 128-28 

Composition: Ten members. Two Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public Instruction, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Ernest C. McCracken Nashville 

J. M. Byrd Smithfield 

Arnold Davis Raleigh 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Thomas F. Royall Wadesboro 

D. H. Umstead Durham 

J. A. Glover Nashville 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 269 

NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 

1945, c. 1096; G.S. 131-117 

Composition: Twenty members. Two Ex-officio, eighteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

James H. Clark, Chairman Elizabethtown 

Dr. Clarence Poe, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

Paul B. Bissett Wilson 

Dr. J. Street Brewer Roseboro 

Dr. George L. Carrington Burlington 

Dr. Wm. M. Coppridge Durham 

Sample B. Forbus Durham 

Dr. G. Fred Hale Raleigh 

Lloyd D. Hardy Raleigh 

Dr. Walter L. Jackson High Point 

Dr. Harry L. Johnson Elkin 

Dr. P. L. Pearson Apex 

L. B. Prince Hendersonville 

Wm. M. Rich Durham 

Dr. Wm. Raney Stanford Durham 

Flora Wakefield, R. N Raleigh 

(Two vacancies.) 
Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Officer, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston, State Commissioner 

Public Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MERIT SYSTEM COUNCIL 

1941,0.378, 1;G. S. 126-1 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

J. L. Memory, Jr., Chairman Wake Forest 

Rev. Warren Carr Durham 

Col. J. W. Harrelson Raleigh 

Mrs. J. W. Whitfield Burgaw 

E. E. Foster Charlotte 

Dr. Frank T. DeVyver, Supervisor Durham 



270 North Carolina Manual 

N. C. MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CONTROL 

1917, c. 136, sub. c. 2, s. 4; 1935, c. 440; 1941, c. 97; 
C. S. 2779;G. S. 160-195 

Composition: Three members. All Ex-officio under the Act. 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General, Chairman Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretaiy of State, Secretary Raleigh 

Stanley Winborne, Chaii-man Utilities Commission Raleigh 

THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE BAR COUNCIL 

1933, c. 210; 1937, c. 51; G. S. 84-17 

Composition: Twenty-five members. Four Ex-officio as officers of 
the North Carolina State Bar, and one each from the twenty-one 
Judicial Districts of the State. 

OFFICERS: 

Don A. Walser, President Lexington 

Z. V. Norman, First Vice Pi-esident Plymouth 

W. H. McElwee, Second Vice President North Wilkesboro 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Councillors: 

Bryan Grimes, First District Washington 

I. D. Thorpe, Second District Rocky IMount 

Julius Banzet, Third District Warrenton 

J. C. Pittman, Fourth District Sanford 

Albion Dunn, Fifth District Greenville 

Rivers D. Johnson, Sr., Sixth District Warsaw 

Leon S. Brassfield, Seventh District Raleigh 

James B. Swails, Eighth District Wilmington 

Dickson McLean, Ninth District Lumberton 

R. P. Reade, Tenth District Durham 

G. H. Hastings, Eleventh District Winston-Salem 

Arch K. Schoch, Twelfth District High Point 

W. A. L. McKeithen, Thirteenth District Pinehurst 

J. Spencer Bell, Fourteenth District Charlotte 

H. M. Robins, Fifteenth District Asheboro 

B. F. Williams, Sixteenth District Lenoir 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 271 

Jordon V. Bowers _ Seventeenth District Newland 

Paul J. Stoiy, Eighteenth District Marion 

John C. Cheesborough, Nineteenth District Asheville 

Edwin B. Whitaker, Twentieth District Bryson City 

P. W. Glidewell, Sr., Twenty-first District Reidsville 

STATE BOARD OF PENSIONS 

1921, c. 189, s. 1; C. S. 5168 (a); G. S. 112-7 

Composition: Three members. All Ex-officio under the above Act. 

William B. Umstead, Governor Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, Auditor Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT 

1949, cc. 718, 1174; G. S. 143-35 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Fred Royster, Chairman Henderson 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Earl Crump Wilson 

John Harden Greensboro 

Macon Miller Spray 

Mrs. Mabel Penny Hatch Raleigh 

John H. Marshall Charlotte 

J. W. McDevitt, Director Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PORTS AUTHORITY 

1945, c. 1097, s. 1; 1949, c. 892, s. 1; G. S. 143-216 

Composition: Nine members. One Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor. 

A. G. Myers, Chairman Gastonia 

W. Avery Thompson, Vice-Chairman Hallsboro 

Teriy Sanford, Secretary-Treasurer Fayetteville 

George R. Ross, Director, Department of Conservation 

and Development, Ex-officio Raleigh 

E. G. Anderson Robersonville 



272 North Carolina Manual 

J. Harry White Winston-Salem 

David Q. Holton Edenton 

W. J. Bason North Wilkesboro 

Dr. James M. Hedrick Winston-Salem 

Col. G. W. Gillette, Executive Director Wilmington 

STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

1937, c. 132, s. 5;G. S. 15-201 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Wilson Warlick, Chairman Newton 

John S. Bradway Durham 

L. P. IMcLendon Greensboro 

Allen Langston Raleigh 

N. F. Ransdell Raleigh 

J. D. Beaty, Acting Director Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

Rev. s. 1913; Code s. 2331; 1868-9, c. 170, s. 2; 1909, c. 899; 1917, 
c. 170, s, 1; 1937, c. 319, s. 1; 1943, c. 775, s. 1; 1945, c. 43; 

C. S. 5004; G. S. 108-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Frank A. Daniels, Chairman Raleigh 

E. Hen'ey Evans, Vice-Chairman Laurinburg 

Irving E. Carlyle Winston-Salem 

Thomas Cornwell Shelby 

Jack B. Kirksey Morganton 

Mrs. R. E. Stratford Haw River 

Louis H. Sylvester Richlands 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Raleigh 

DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 

1931, cc. 261, 396; C. S. 7502; G. S. 143-48 

Charles M. Williams, Director Raleigh 

Board of Award: 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Claude Currie Durham 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 273 

J. K. Doughton Stratford 

Wm. B. Rodman Washington 

Harry B. Caldwell Greensboro 

Alonzo C. Edwards Hookerton 

NORTH CAROLINA RECREATION COMMISSION 

1945, c. 757, s. 3; G. S. 143-207 

Composition: Eleven members. Four Ex-officio, seven appointed 
by the Governor, 

William B. Umstead, Governor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public Instruction, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner of Public Welfare, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

George R. Ross, Director, Department of Conservation 

and Development, Ex-officio Raleigh 

R. L. McMillan, ChaiiTnan Raleigh 

Rev. Charles S. Hubbard Raleigh 

W. J. Kennedy, Jr Durham 

Charles McCullers Kinston 

Mrs. John Matheson Mooresville 

Max A. Parrish Gastonia 

R. W. Watkins Boone 

ROANOKE ISLAND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION 

1945, c. 953; G.S. 143-200 

Composition: Twenty-four members. Three Ex-officio, twenty- 
one appointed by the Association. 
OFFICERS: 

Martin Kellogg, Jr., Chairman Manteo 

Mrs. Katherine P. Arrington, Honorary Vice- 
Chairman Wari-enton 

W. D. Carmichael, Jr., Honorary Vice-Chairman Chapel Hill 

R. Gregg Cherry, Honorary Vice-Chairman Gastonia 

Clyde R. Hoey, Honorary Vice-Chairman Shelby 

Cameron Morrison, Honorary Vice-Chairman Charlotte 

Clarence Poe, Honoraiy Vice-Chairman Raleigh 



274 North Carolina Manual 

Lindsay C. Warren, Honorary Vice-Chairman Washington 

Russell M. Grumman, Vice-Chairman Chapel Hill 

Isaac P. Davis, Secretaiy Winton 

C. S. Meekins, Treasurer Manteo 

Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Historian Raleigh 

DIRECTORS: 

William B. Umstead, Governor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Harry McMullan, Attorney General, Ex-oflficio Raleigh 

Dr, Christopher Crittenden, Director Department 

Archives and History, Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

Paul Green Chapel Hill 

Samuel Selden Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Charles A. Cannon Concord 

Jonathan Daniels Raleigh 

Bill Shai-pe Raleigh 

Miles Clark Elizabeth City 

Melvin R. Daniels Manteo 

Chester S. Davis Winston-Salem 

R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

M. K. Fearing Manteo 

Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Edenton 

C. Sylvester Green Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Roy Homevi^ood Chapel Hill 

Guy H. Lennon Manteo 

Theodore Meekins Manteo 

Hugh Morton Wilmington 

Ralph Nicholson Charlotte 

John W. Parker Chapel Hill 

Eric W. Rogers Scotland Neck 

Betty Smith Chapel Hill 

Leigh Winslow Hertford 

Bishop Thomas H. Wright Wilmington 

NORTH CAROLINA RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AUTHORITY 

1935, c. 288, s. 1;G.S. 117-1 

Composition: Six members appointed by the Governor. 

Gwyn B. Price, Chairman Raleigh 

Dr. S. H. Hobbs, Jr Chapel Hill 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 275 

D. E. Purcell Reidsville 

Mrs. Hubert Boney Teacheys 

Glenn C. Palmer Clyde 

(One vacancy) 

STATE STREAM SANITATION AND CONSERVATION 

COMMITTEE 

1945, c. 1010, s. 3; 1947, c. 786, s. 1; 1951, c. 606; G. S. 143-213 

Composition: Eight members. Tw^o Ex-ofRcio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

James M. Jarrett, ChaiiTnan, Ex-officio Raleigh 

W. H. Riley, Secretary, Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

Scott B. Berkeley Goldsboro 

Mrs. G. W. Cover Andrews 

H. Grady Farthing Boone 

CaiToll P. Rogers Tryon 

W. P. Saunders Aberdeen 

J. V. Whitfield Burgaw 

E. C. Hubbard, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

THE NORTH CAROLINA SYMPHONY SOCIETY, INC. 

1943, c. 755; 1947, c. 1049; G. S. 140-6 

Composition: Not less than sixteen members. Two Ex-officio, 
four appointed by the Governor, balance chosen by the members 
of the Symphony Society. 

EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS: 

Governor William B. Umstead Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll Raleigh 

OFFICERS 

Dr. Charles E. Jordan, President Durham 

Russell Grumman, Executive Vice-President Chapel Hill 

L. C. Gifford, Vice-President Hickory 

James G. K. McClure, Vice-President Faimiew 

Mrs. James Boyd, Vice-President Southern Pines 

A. C. Hall, Treasurer Raleigh 

Thomas M. Stanback, Jr., Secretary Chapel Hill 

William F. Pierce, Assistant Treasurer Chapel Hill 



276 North Carolina Manual 

TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
KETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1941, c. 25, s. 6; 1943, c. 719; 1947, c. 259; G. S. 135-6 

Composition: Eight members. Two Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Brandon P. Hodges, State Treasurer, Chairman, Ex-officio, Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Supt. Public Instruction, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Ernest McCracken Raleigh 

Arnold Davis Raleigh 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

Thomas F. Royal Wadesboro 

J. M. Byrd Smithfield 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



TEXTBOOK COMMISSION 

1923, c. 136, s. 325; 1943, c. 627, s. 1; 1945, c. 707, ss. 4, 12; 
C. S. 5735; G. S. 115-278.4 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
the Superintendent of Public Insti-uction. 

Dr. L. E. Spikes, Chairman Burlington 

Elementary Division: 

Mrs. B. C. Parker Albemarle 

Grace Brunson Winston-Salem 

Frances Lacy Raleigh 

Mrs. Floyd Souders Fayetteville 

Bernard Brigman Marshall 

Margery Alexander Charlotte 

High School Division: 

George S. Willard, Jr Wilson 

Mozelle Causey Greensboro 

Jinsie Underwood Gastonia 

Bertha Cooper Elizabeth City 

Mrs. Phebe Emmons Washington 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 277 

UTILITIES COMMISSION 

1933, c. 134; 1941, c. 97; 1949, c. 1009; G. S. 62-1 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor and ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

Stanley Winbome, Chairman Raleigh 

Fred C. Hunter Raleigh 

Joshua S. James Raleigh 

Edward H. McMahan Raleigh 

Harry T. Westcott Raleigh 

Myrtha Flemming, Chief Clerk Raleigh 

VETERANS COMMISSION 

1945, c. 723; G.S. 165-5 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Herbert H. Taylor, Jr., Chairman Tarboro 

Josiah A. Maultsby Whiteville 

S. Amos Maynard Greensboro 

Staton P. Williams Albemarle 

Ray Galloway Raleigh 

J. M. Caldwell, Director Raleigh 

N. C. WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 

1947, c. 263; G. S. 143-241 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

District 1 — 0. L. Woodhouse, Vice-Chairman Grandy 

District 2— Robert S. Sadler Bayboro 

District 3 — G. E. Beal, Chairman Red Oak 

District 4— E. D. McGougan Lumber Bridge 

District 5— H. C. Kennett Durham 

District 6— Thurman Briggs, Secretary Lexington 

District 7— R. Floyd Grouse Sparta 

District 8— James A. Connelly Morganton 

District 9— J. Walter Moore Hayesville 

Clyde P. Patton, Director Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA INSTITUTIONS 

CORRECTIONAL (White) 

Eastern Carolina Industrial Training School for Boys, 

Rocky Mount 

1923, c. 254, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 5; 1927, c. 144; C. S. 7362; 

G. S. 134-67 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G.S. 134-90 

State Home and Industrial School for Girls, Samarcand 

1917, c. 255, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 4; 1929, c. 279, s. 1; 1937, c. 147, 
s. 1; 1947, c. 226; C. S. 7329; G. S. 134-22 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School, 

Concord 

1907, c. 509, s. 6; 1907, c. 955, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 2; 
C. S. 7313;G. S. 134-1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

CORRECTIONAL (Negro) 
Morrison Training School, Hoffman 

1921, c. 190, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 6; 1927, c. 63; 1941, c. 241; 

G. S. 134-90 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

State Training School for Negro Girls, Kinston 
1943, c. 381; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-84.1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

278 



North Carolina State Institutions 279 

EDUCATIONAL (WHITE) 

APPALACHIAN STATE TEACHERS' COLLEGE, BOONE 

Rev. s. 4229; 1903, c. 798, ss. 1, 9, 11; 1907, c. 526, s, 1; 1915, 

c. 527, s. 1; 1917, c. 100, s. 1; 1919, c. 231, s. 1; Pr. 1925, 

c. 204; Pr. 1929, c. 66; G. S. 116-66 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

William J. Conrad, Jr., Chairman Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Harry B. Caldwell, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

Mrs. J. M. Lackey Taylorsville 

Fred N. Colvai-d Jefferson 

C. C. Faw, Sr North Wilkesboro 

D. W. M. Roberts Lenoir 

B. C. Brock Mocksville 

Sam Jones Statesville 

W. W. Mast Valle Crucis 

EAST CAROLINA COLLEGE, GREENVILLE 

1907, c. 820, s. 15; 1911, c. 159, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 7; 1927, c. 164; 
1929, c. 259; SL. 1951 c. 641; C. S. 5866; G. S. 116-59 

Composition: Thirteen members. Twelve appointed by the Gov- 
ernor with the approval of the Senate. One Ex-officio. 

Charles F. Carroll, State Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, Chaii'man Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

Uran Cox Greenville 

John P. Stedman Lumberton 

Dr. Lewis H. Swindell Washington 

Arthur L. Tyler Rocky Mount 

Jane Hall Raleigh 

Janet Palmer Hookerton 

R. J. White Conway 

Miles Clark Elizabeth City 

Mrs. B. T. Williams Stedman 

R. M. Garrett Greenville 

Heniy Belk Goldsboro 

(One vacancy) 



280 North Carolina Manual 



i 



NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF 
AT MORGANTON 

Rev. s. 4203; 1891, c. 399, s. 2; 1901, c. 210; 1925, c. 306, s. 11; 

C.S. 5889; G.S. 116-121 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Howard E. Rondthaler, President Winston-Salem 

Rev. James R. Fortune, Vice-President Durham 

Mrs. Frank P. Tate, Secretaiy Morganton 

William S, McCord Charlotte 

Howard Moose Newton 

0. H. Pons Valdese 

W. P. Elliott Marion 

OXFORD ORPHANAGE, OXFORD 

Private Laws, 1923, c. 119 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. Nine 
under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governoi': 

T. L. Simmons Rocky Mount 

Benjamin Cone Greensboro 

J. Edward Rooker, Jr Warrenton 

Appointed under by-laws: 

William H. White, Ex-officio chairman Sanford 

Judge J. Wallace Winbourne Raleigh 

Dr. Charles P. Eldridge Raleigh 

Luther T. Hartsell, Jr Concord 

Thomas J. Harkins Asheville 

Hai-\'ey W. Smith Beaufort 

(Three vacancies) 

PEMBROKE STATE COLLEGE, PEMBROKE 

1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1929, c, 238; 1931, c. 275; 1941, c. 323; 
1949, c. 58; G.S, 116-81 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

L. W. Jacobs, Chairman Pembroke 

J. O. Brooks Fairmont 



North Carolina State Institutions 281 

Lester Bullard Lumberton 

George Emanuel Lumberton 

C. L. Maynor Pembroke 

Harley Well Locklear Pembroke 

Harry Wess Locklear Pembroke 

A. G. Lowry Rowland 

D. F. Lowry Pembroke 

James A. Sampson Pembroke 

John L. Carter, Secretaiy Pembroke 

THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND 
AND THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 1905, c. 67; 
1925, c. 306, ss. 10, 13, 14; C. S. 5873; G. S. 116-106 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Ben R. Roberts, Chairman Durham 

Mrs. Charles G. Doak Raleigh 

T. F. Nance Sanford 

Mrs. T. C. Ringgold Raleigh 

George D. Richardson Raleigh 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

R. H. McLawhorn, Sr Wintei-\nlle 

Tom L. Pendevgrass Durham 

D. T. Redfern Wadesboro 

James Penland Asheville 

(One vacancy) 

TRUSTEES UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

The State College of Agriculture and Engineering of the 
University of North Carolina at Raleigh 

Woman's College of the University of North Carolina 
at Greensboro 

Composition: One hundred members. Elected by the General 
Assembly. The legal term of office expires April 1st of year in- 
dicated. 



10 



282 North Carolina Manual 

C. S. 5789; G. S. 116-4 

*Executive Committee 
Governor William B. Umstead, Chairman Raleigh 

1954 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

Jno. W. Clark Franklinville 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro 

1956 

Edwin Pate Laurinburg 

John J. Parker Charlotte 

(One vacancy) 

1958 

Mrs. May L. Tomlinson High Point 

Victor S. Bryant Durham 

(One vacancy) 

1960 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount 

Clarence Poe Raleigh 

A. H. Harris Oriental 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES FOR LIFE 

Cameron Morrison Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Clyde R. Hoey Shelby Cleveland 

R. Gregg Cheny Gastonia Gaston 

W. Kerr Scott Haw River Alamance 

EX-OFFICIO 

William B. Umstead, Gov- 
ernor Durham Durham 



*Term expires July 1, of year indicated. 



North Carolina State Institutions 283 

Charles F. Carroll, State 
Superintendent of Public 
Instruction Warsaw Duplin 

SECRETARY TO THE BOARD 
Arch T. Allen Raleigh Wake 

1955 

H. D. Bateman Wilson Wilson 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage Moore 

P. B. Ferrebee Andrews Cherokee 

Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount Edgecombe 

O. Max Gardner, Jr Shelby Cleveland 

H. S. Gibbs Morehead City Carteret 

A. H. Harris Oriental Pamlico 

Ira T. Johnston Jefferson Ashe 

Vernon G. James Elizabeth City Pasquotank 

John H. Kerr, Jr Warrenton Warren 

John C. Kesler Salisbury Rowan 

M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill Greene 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro Guilford 

W. L. Lumpkin Louisburg Franklin 

H. B. Marrow Smithfield Johnston 

L. P. McLendon Greensboro Guilford 

Wm. D. Merritt Roxboro Person 

J. F. Milliken Monroe Union 

Rudolph I. Mintz Wilmington New Hanover 

Rosa B. Parker Albemarle Stanly 

Clarence Poe Raleigh Wake 

George M. Stephens Asheville Buncombe 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill Orange 

James H. Clark Elizabethtown Bladen 

John G. H. Geitner Hickory Catawba 

1957 

David Clark Charlotte Mecklenburg 

B. B. Everett Palmyra Halifax 



284 North Carolina Manual 

Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville Alexander 

James S. Ficklen Greenville Pitt 

Hany A. Greene Raeford Hoke 

F. D. B. Harding Yadkinville Yadkin 

R. L. Harris Roxboro Person 

Mrs. Albert Lathrop Asheville Buncombe 

R. E. Little Wadesboro Anson 

Kemp B. Nixon Lincolnton Lincoln 

G. N. Noble Trenton Jones 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount Nash 

H. L. Riddle, Jr Morganton Burke 

John C. Rodman Washington Beaufort 

Roy Rowe Burgaw Pender 

C. Wayland Spruill Windsor Bertie 

Mrs. Chas. W. Stanford Chapel Hill, Rt. 1 Orange 

John P. Stedman Lumberton Robeson 

Lacy C. Tate Chadbourn Columbus 

H. P. Taylor Wadesboro Anson 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro Wayne 

Mrs. May L. Tomlinson High Point Guilford 

F. E. Wallace Kinston Lenoir 

David Livingston Ward New Bern Craven 

James L. Woodson Salisbury Rowan 

1959 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh Wake 

Mrs. Ed. M. Anderson West Jefferson Ashe 

Wm. C. Barfield Wilmington New Hanover 

Jack F. Blythe Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Kemp D. Battle Rocky Mount Nash 

Charles A. Cannon Concord Cabarrus 

Wm. G. Clark Tarboro Edgecombe 

Mrs. Nancy Hall Copeland....Mui-freesboro Hertford 

Dr. W. T. Harris Troy Montgomeiy 

Hugh Horton Williamston Martin 

Dr. Paul E. Jones Farmville Pitt 

A. H. London Pittsboro Chatham 

A. L. Monroe Raleigh Wake 



North Carolina State Institutions 285 

John J. Parker Charlotte Mecklenburg 

J. Hampton Price Leaksville Rockingham 

Claude W. Rankin Fayetteville Cumberland 

Ben F. Royal Morehead City Carteret 

B. S. Royster, Jr Oxford Granville 

Wm. P. Saundei's Aberdeen Moore 

Fred I. Sutton Kinston Lenoir 

Dr. Shahane Taylor Greensboro Guilford 

Herman Weil Goldsboro Wayne 

R. Lee Whitmire Hendersonville Henderson 

Hill Yarborough Louisburg Franklin 

J. Robert Young Dunn Harnett 

1961 

Wade Barber Pittsboro Chatham 

Frank H. Brown, Jr Cullowhee Jackson 

Victor S. Bryant Durham Durham 

John W. Clark Franklinville Randolph 

W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids Halifax 

Floyd Crouse Sparta Alleghany 

Horton Doughton Statesville Iredell 

A. C. Edwards Hookerton Greene 

Henry A. Foscue High Point Guilford 

Robert M. Hanes Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Judge W. C. Harris Raleigh Wake 

Dr. L. J. Herring Wilson Wilson 

Mrs. J. B. Kittrell Greenville Pitt 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton Jones 

Dr. Harvey B. Mann Lake Landing Hyde 

C. Knox Massey Durham Durham 

Reid A. Maynard Burlington Alamance 

Glen C. Palmer Clyde Haywood 

Edwin Pate Laurinburg Scotland 

Mrs. Grace T. Rodenbough .... Walnut Cove Stokes 

A. Alex Shuford, Jr Hickory Catawba 

Mrs. Charles Tillett Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Carl V. Venters Jacksonville Onslow 

J. Shelton Wicker Sanford Lee 

E. Leigh Winslow Hertford Per(]uimans 



286 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA VOCATIONAL TEXTILE SCHOOL 

1945, c. 806; G. S. 115-255.1 

Composition: Seven members. One Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

J. Warren Smith, Director of Vocational Education, 

Ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

O. M. Mull, Chaii-man Shelby 

George W. Coggin, Secretaiy Raleigh 

R. L. Stowe, Jr Belmont 

C. A. Cannon Concord 

John F. Matheson Mooresville 

J. Chester Johnson Mooresville 

William P. Elliott, Sr Marion 

WESTERN CAROLINA TEACHERS COLLEGE, CULLOWHEE 

1925, c. 270, s. 1; 1929, c. 251, s. 2; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

E. J. Whitmire, Chairman Franklin 

Mrs. Charles E. Ray, Jr., Vice-Chairman Waynesville 

Mrs. J. W. Davidson Murphy 

A. L. Penland Hayesville 

Arnold Hyde Robbinsville 

Frank Weaver Asheville 

W. H. Crawford Sylva 

Ralph F. W. Brimley Winston-Salem 

William Martin Bryson City 

EDUCATIONAL (NEGRO) 

THE NEGRO AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE 
OF NORTH CAROLINA, GREENSBORO 

Rev., s. 4223; 1891, c. 549, s. 4; 1899, c. 389, ss. 2, 3; 1939, c. 65, 
s. 4; 1943, c. 132; C. S. 5828; G. S. 116-94 

Composition: Sixteen members. One Ex-ofRcio, fifteen appointed 
by the Governor. 



North Carolina State Institutions 287 

Charles F. Carroll, Supt. of Public Instruction, Ex-ofRcio, Raleigh 

Charles A. Hines, Chairman Greensboro 

J. Wilson Alexander Huntersville 

George T. Ashford Red Springs 

Shelley B. Caveness Greensboro 

C. H. Dearman Statesville 

G. Foster Hankins Lexington 

J. W. James Ahoskie 

J. W. Jeffries Mebane 

W. L. T. Miller Greensboro 

A. A. Morrisey Winston-Salem 

Guy B. Phillips Chapel Hill 

Wade H. Paschal Siler City 

H. A. Scott Haw River 

George Sockwell Elon College 

Robert H. Frazier Greensboro 

ELIZABETH CITY STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
ELIZABETH CITY 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

G. R. Little, Chairman Elizabeth City 

0. R. Symons, Secretary Elizabeth City 

G. H. Ferguson Raleigh 

E. L. Hoffler Elizabeth City 

W. C. Chappell Belvidere 

J. W. King, Sr Edenton 

H. L. Mitchell Gatesville 

Harry Ferebee Camden 

T. C. Sawyer, Sr Belcross 

FAYETTEVILLE STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
FAYETTEVILLE 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 



288 North Cakulina Manual 

John H. Cook, Chairman Fayetteville 

Clarence F. Hedrick, Secretary Fayetteville 

W. E. Horner Sanford 

Aquila Moore Clarkton 

Dr. M. E. Bizzell Goldsboro 

B. G. Bullock Autryville 

Dr. Miriam N. Muldrow Whiteville 

Mable P. Powell Clinton 

Dr. C. W. Furlonge Smithfield 

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AT DURHAM 

1925, c. 306, s. 9 (a); 1939, c. 65, s. 4; 1947, c. 189; G. S. 116-99 

Composition: One Ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by the 
Governor, approved by the Senate. 

Charles F. Carroll, Supt. of Public Instruction, Ex-oflficio, Raleigh 

Robert M. Gantt, Chairman Durham 

Dr. J. M. Hubbard, Sr., Secretary Durham 

Bascom Baynes Durham 

Mrs. Lillian Braxton Dean Louisburg 

Walter Jones, Jr Rockingham 

Malcolm McLeod Sanford 

Spencer Murphy Salisbury 

B. I. Satterfield Timberlake 

Fred A. Smith Zebulon 

J. W. Black Rocky Mount 

A. H. Bryant Rocky Mount 

(One vacancy) 

THE COLORED ORPHANAGE OF NORTH CAROLINA, 

OXFORD 

1887, c. 47; 1927, c. 162; G. S. 116-139 

Composition: Thirteen members. Five appointed by the Gov- 
ernor and eight under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Dr. R. L. Noblin Oxford 

. N. W. Weldon Stovall 



North Carolina State Institutions 289 

Benjamin K. Lassiter Oxford 

W. T. Yancey Oxford 

Dr. G. D. Carnes Wilminpfton 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Dr. J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

S. B. Simmons Greensboro 

Dr. P. A. Bishop Rich Square 

L. E. Austin Durham 

Mrs. Ellen S. Alston Raleigh 

(One vacancy) 

THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND AND 
THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 1905, 
c. 67; 1925, c. 306, ss. 10, 13, 14; C. S. 5873; G. S. 116-106 

Composition: Eleven membei's appointed by the Governor. 

Ben R. Roberts, Chairman Durham 

Mrs. Charles G. Doak Raleigh 

T. F. Nance Sanford 

Mrs. T. C. Ringgold Raleigh 

George D. Richardson Raleigh 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

R. H. McLawhorn, Sr Wintei'\'ille 

Tom L. Pendergrass Durham 

D. T. Redfern Wadesboro 

James Penland Asheville 

(One vacancy.) 

THE WINSTON-SALEM TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
WINSTON-SALEM 

1921. c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

Winfield Blackwell, Chairman Winston-Salem 

0. A. Kirkman, Vice-Chairman High Point 

Dr. R. S. Hairston, Secretary Winston-Salem 



290 North Carolina Manual 

Clark S. Brown Winston-Salem 

J. Harmon Linville Kornersville 

T. E. Story North Wilkesboro 

Curtiss Todd V/inston-Salem 

G. G. Tucker Winston-Salem 

B. E. Wilson Rural Hall 



HOSPITALS (WHITE) 
CASWELL TRAINING SCHOOL, KINSTON 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1945, c. 925, s. 1; 
C. S. 6159 (a); G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

THE NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITAL FOR THE TREATMENT 
OF SPASTIC CHILDREN 

1945, c, 504; G. S. 131-128 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Thomas O'Berry, Chairman Goldsboro 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Secretaiy Raleigh 

Grizzelle M, Norfleet Winston-Salem 

Felix S. Barker Raleigh 

Russell M. Grumman Chapel Hill 

Hubert O. Teer Durham 

Margarette Wood Smethurst Raleigh 

George R. Hughes Pollocksville 

Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

THE MOSES H. CONE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, 
GREENSBORO 

Pr. 1913, c. 400 

Composition: Fifteen members. Eight members appointed by 
Mrs. Moses H. Cone; three members appointed by the Governor; 



North Carolina State Institutions 291 

one member appointed by the Greensboro City Commissioners; one 
member appointed by the Guilford County Commissioners; one 
member by the Watauga County Commissioners; one by the Guil- 
ford County Medical Association. 

OFFICERS: 

Herman Cone, President Greensboro 

Ceasar Cone, Vice-President Gi'eensboro 

Joseph S. Lichty, Secretary and Executive Director Greensboro 

N. S. Calhoun, Treasurer Greensboro 

Howard Holderness, Assistant Treasurer Greensboro 

TRUSTEES: 

Dr. Merle D. Bonner Jamestown 

Benjamin Cone Greensboro 

Mrs. Julius W. Cone Greensboro 

James A. Doggett Greensboro 

Charles A. Hines Greensboro 

Joseph T. Martin Greensboro 

Major L. P. McLendon Greensboro 

Mereb E. Mossman Greensboro 

Paul W. Schenck, Jr Greensboro 

General James R. Townsend Greensboro 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro 

NORTH CAROLINA ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL, GASTONIA 
1917, c. 199, s. 4; C. S. 7254; G. S. 131-1 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

P. C. Whitlock, President Charlotte 

George Blanton, Chaimian Shelby 

Frank Dowd, Secretary Charlotte 

W. L. Balthis, Treasui'er Gastonia 

Kay Dixon Gastonia 

Helen Kaiser Durham 

Mrs. E. F. McCuUoch Elizabethtown 

Mrs. R. E. McDowell Charlotte 

R. Gregg Cherry Gastonia 



292 North Carolina Manual 

N. C. SANATORIUMS FOR THE TREATxMEXT OF 
TUBERCULOSIS 

BLACK MOUNTAIN, McCAIN AND WILSON 

1907, c. 964; Ex. session 1913, c, 40, s. 1; 1923, cc. 96, 127; 1925, 
c. 306, s. 12; 1935, c. 91, ss. 2, 3; 1935, c. 138; 
1939, c. 325; G. S. 131-62 

Composition : Two Ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by the 
Governor with the approval of the Senate. 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Brandon P. Hodges, Ex-officio Raleigh 

L. Lee Gravely, Chairman Rocky Mount 

Carl C. Council, Vice- Chairman Durham 

E. A. Rasberry, Secretary Snow Hill 

0. Arthur Kirkman High Point 

Charles A. Cannon Concord 

A. E. Gibson Wilmington 

J. Elmer Long Durham 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Southern Pines 

Mrs. Roy Parker Ahoskie 

Carl C. Scott Newland 

Hardy Talton Pikeville 

Dr. J. R. Ten-y Lexington 

STATE HOSPITAL AT BUTNER 

1947, c. 537; G.S. 122-1 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G.S. 122-7 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORGANTON 
1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G.S. 122-7 



North Carolina State Institutions 293 

STATE HOSPITAL AT RALEIGH 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; G. S. 122-7 
Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

HOSPITALS (NEGRO) 
STATE HOSPITAL AT GOLDSBORO 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; G. S. 122-7 

Under the management of the North Carolina Hospitals 
Board of Control 

1943, c. 136; G.S. 122-7 

N. C. CONFEDERATE INSTITUTION 
Woman's Home at Fayetteville 

1913, c. 62; C. S. 5135; G. S. 112-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. E. R, MacKethan, Chairman Fayetteville 

Alexander E. Cook, Secretary Fayetteville 

Mrs. C. D. Baucum Raleigh 

Mrs. R. B. Cooke Durham 

Mrs. J. Y. Gatewood Yanceyville 

E. Bruce McFayden Fayetteville 

Mrs. A. L. Thompson Greensboro 



294 North Carolina Manual 

EXAMINING BOARDS 

STATE BOARD OF CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT 

EXAMINERS 

1913, c. 157; 1925, c. 261, s. 11; 1939, c. 21; 1951, c. 844; 
C. S. 7008; G. S. 93-12 

Composition: Four members appointed by the Governor. 

Gustaf C. Lundin, President Laurinburg 

A. T. Allen, Vice-President Raleigh 

Frank P. Buck, Secretaiy-Treasurer Salisbury 

Allen E. Strand Greensboro 

STATE BOARD OF ARCHITECTURAL EXAMINATION 
AND REGISTRATION 

1915, c. 270, s. 1; C. S. 4986; G. S. 83-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Walter W. Hook, President Charlotte 

Henry Irven Gaines, Vice-President Asheville 

J. Burton Wilder, Secretary-Treasurer Greensboro 

Leon McMinn Greensboro 

Eric G. Flannagan, Sr Henderson 

Ross Shumaker, Executive Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS 
1929, c. 119, s. 6; G. S. 86-6 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. M. Cheek, Chairman High Point 

J. W. Lanning Asheville 

W. E. Motley Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF CHIROPODY EXAMINERS 
1919, c. 78, s. 3; C. S. 6765; G. S. 90-190 

Composition: Three members appointed by the North Carolina 
Pedic Association. 

Dr. Fred W. Isaacs, Chairman Durham 

Dr. L. D. Abernethy, Secretary Charlotte 

Dr. W. W. Potter Charlotte 



Examining Boards 295 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF CHIROPRACTIC 

EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 73, s. 1; 1933, c. 442, s. 1; C. S. 6711; G. S. 90-140 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Lee E. Riser, President Statesville 

Dr. J. B. Morris, Vice-President Durham 

Dr. Carl H. Peters, Secretary-Treasurer Rocky Mount 

NORTH CAROLINA LICENSING BOARD FOR 
CONTRACTORS 

192.5, c. 318, s. 2; G.S. 87-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Roy L. Goode, Chairman Raleigh 

R. D. Beam, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

R. A. Bryan Goldsboro 

N. K. Dickerson, Jr Monroe 

V. B. Higgins Greensboro 

James M. Wells, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

N. C. STATE BOARD OF COSMETIC ART EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 179; 1935, c. 54, s. 2; G. S. 88-13 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. Iris H. Lawrence, Chairman Raleigh 

Mrs. R. J. Hinshaw, Vice-Chairman North Wilkesboro 

Mrs. Anne S. Jenkins, Secretary Edenton 

Mrs. Dorothy L. Burchette, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS 

1879, c. 139; 1915, c. 178; 193.5, c. 66, s. 1; G. S. 90-22 

Composition: Six members elected by the Society and commis- 
sioned by the Governor. 

Dr, A. T. Jennette, President Washington 

Dr. Frank O. Alford, Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

Dr. E. M. Medlin Aberdeen 



296 North Carolina Manual 

Dr. Cleon W. Sanders Benson 

Dr. Wm. M. Matheson Boone 

Dr. Darden Eure Morehead City 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 87, s.l;G.S. 87-39 

Composition: Five members, three appointed by the Goveraor, 
two Ex-officio. 

N. E. Cannady, Chairman Oxford 

W, A. Darden, Vice-Chairman Greenville 

R. S. Fouraker Raleigh 

E. C. Peele Burlington 

W. W. Hanks Charlotte 

Elizabeth E. Anderson, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

EMBALMERS LICENSING BOARD 

Rev., s. 4384; 1901, c. 388, ss. 1, 2, 3; 1931, c. 174; 194.5, c. 98, s. 1; 
1949, c. 951, s. 1; C. S. 6777; G. S. 90-203 

Composition: Seven members elected by The North Carolina 
Funeral Directors and Burial Association, Inc. 

Charles P. Rogers, Jr., President Sanford 

D. W. Bumgardner, Vice-President Belmont 

0. C. Pennington, Secretary Raleigh 

George W. Davis Monroe 

Paul Hofler Gatesville 

M. D. Prevatte Fairmont 

Ollie Harris Kings Mountain 

Clyde O. Robinson, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF REGISTRATION FOR ENGINEERS 
AND LAND SURVEYORS 

1921, c. 1, s. 3; C. S. 6055(d); G. S. 89-3 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

A. C. Lee, Chairman Charlotte 

H. D. Jones, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

Carroll L. Mann, Secretary Raleigh 



Examining Boards 297 

Robert B. Rice Raleigh 

Grady S. Harrell Shannon 

N. C. BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 210, s. 10; c. 331; 1935, cc. 33, 61; 1941, c. 344, s. 6; 

G. S. 84-24 

Composition: Seven members elected by the Council of the N. C. 
State Bar. 

L. R. Varser, Chairman Lumberton 

George B. Greene Kinston 

Kingsland Van Winkle Asheville 

L. T. Hartsell, Jr Concord 

Buxton Midyette Jackson 

John H. Hall Elizabeth City 

Thomas H. Leath Rockingham 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev. s. 4492; Code, s, 3123; 1858-9, c. 258, ss, 3, 4; Extra 
Session 1921, c. 44, s. 1; C. S. 6606; G. S. 90-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the North Carolina 
Medical Society. 

Dr. Clyde R. Hedrick Lenoir 

Dr. Joseph J. Combs, Secretary Raleigh 

Dr. Newsom P. Battle Rocky Mount 

Dr. L. Randolph Doffermyre Dunn 

Dr. Amos N. Johnson Garland 

Dr. James P. Rousseau Winston-Salem 

Dr. Heyward C. Thompson Shelby 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF NURSE EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 17, s. 1; 1925, c. 87, s. 2; 1931, c. 56; C. S. 6729; G. S. 90-158 

Composition: Five members. Three members elected by the As- 
sociation, one each by the State Medical Society and the North 
Carolina State Hospital Association. 



298 North Carolina Manual 

Ethel F. Burton, R. N., President Charlotte 

Miriam Daughtiy, R. N., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Frances Farthing, R. N Concord 

Dr. Moir S. Martin Mt. AiiT 

Dr. Louten R. Hedgpeth Lumberton 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS 

IN OPTOMETRY 

1909, c. 444, s. 3; 191.5, c. 21, s. 1; 193.5, c. 63; C. S. 6689; 

G.S. 90-116 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. P. N. DeVere, President Morganton 

Dr. James A. Palmer, Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

Dr. E. Alan Bisanar Hickory 

Dr. Kenneth L. Quiggins Greenville 

Dr. Heniy B. Day Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF OSTEOPATHIC 
EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION 

1907, c. 764, s. 1; 1913, c. 92, s. 1; 1937, c. 301, s. 1; C. S. 6701; 

G. S. 90-130 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. A. H. Zealy, President Goldsboro 

Dr. F. R. Heine, Secretary Greensboro 

Dr. T. T. Spence Raleigh 

Dr. S. D. Foster Asheville 

Dr. Neva A. McCoy Concord 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY 

Rev., s. 4473; 1905, c. 108, ss. 5, 7; C. S. 6652; G. S. 90-55 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

W. A. Gilliam, President Winston-Salem 

H. C. McAllister, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

R. A. McDuflfie Greensboro 

Robert A. Watson Sanford 

Frank W. Dayvault Lenoir 



Examining Boards 299 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF PLUMBING 
AND HEATING CONTRACTORS 

1931, c. 52, s. 1; 1933, c. 57; 1939, c, 224, s. 1; G. S. 87-16 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

W. H. Sullivan, Chairman Greensboro 

L. L. Vaughan, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

J, M. Jarrett, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Dr. H. G. Baity Chapel Hill 

R. V. Sisk Charlotte 

R. H. Haley Charlotte 

C. C. Davis Wilmington 

W, F. Morrison, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR LICENSING TILE 
CONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 86, s. 3;G. S. 87-30 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

David G. Allen, President Raleigh 

J. R. 'Renfrew, Vice-President Charlotte 

George W. Carter, Secretary-Treasurer Kinston 

J. Knight Davis Wilmington 

Ervin R. Bean, Director Asheville 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF VETERINARY 
MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev., s. 5432; 1903, c. 503, s. 2; C. S. 6755; G. S. 90-180 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. B. H. Kimsey, President Washington 

Dr. C. E. Nicks, Vice-President Elkin 

Dr. P. C. McLain, Secretary High Point 

Dr. B. H. Staton Rocky IMount 

Dr. M. C. Edwards Wilkesboro 



300 North Carolina Manual 

STATE OWNED RAILROADS 

Atlantic and North Carolina Kailroad 
Directors: 

J. H. Blount Greenville 

M. G. Mann Raleigh 

L. W. Hassell Beaufort 

Dempsey Hodges Kinston 

R. Mayne Albright Raleigh 

Frank A. Seymour Goldsboro 

W. O. Abbitt Williamston 

Thomas W. Davis Pink Hill 

Officers: 

M. G. Mann, President Raleigh 

J. H. Blount, Chairman of Board Greenville 

W. Guy Hargett, Secretary-Treasurer Richlands 

W. A. Johnson, Attorney Lillington 

Hilton Smith, Expert Raleigh 

Carroll L. Mann, Jr., Inspector Greensboro 

North Carolina Railroad 
Directors: 

L. P. Zachary Taylorsville 

Howard D. Robertson Winston-Salem 

Jesse J. Collier Raleigh 

Harry Nettles Asheville 

Robert Dennis Rocky Mount 

J. B. Muse, Jr Hamlet 

Walter Lee Horton Raleigh 

Ralph Fisher Brevard 

LeRoy Martin Raleigh 

Alexander Webb Raleigh 

W. M. Russ Raleigh 

W. E. Holt Lexington 

Officers: 

Ralph Fisher, President Brevard 

D. Robei't Graham, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Milton Abbott, Asst. Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Ray Farris, Attorney Charlotte 

Mitchell H. Russ, Expert Rocky Mount 



PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 
NORTH CAROLINA— SESSION 1953 

Officers and Members of the Senate 

OFFICERS 

Luther H. Hodges President Leaksville 

Edwin Pate President pro tern Laurinburg 

S. Ray Byerly Prine ii)al Clerk Sanford 

J. M. White. Jr Reading Clerk Raleigh 

William A. Taylor Sergeant-at-Arms Buies Creek 

SENATORS 
(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name District Party Address 

Bailey, James H. Pou Thirteenth Democrat Raleigh 

Barnhardt, Luther E Twenty-first Democrat Coiicrod 

Bason, S. M Fifteenth Democrat YanceyviUe 

Bridger, James A Tenth Democrat Bladenboro 

Bunn, C. Settle Sixth Democrat Spring Hope 

Chapman, Ray E Twenty-eighth Democrat Taylorsville 

Copeland, J. William First. . . .■ Democrat Muri'reesboro 

Crawford, J. H., Dr Thirty-third Democrat Robbinsville 

Crew, W. Lunsford Fourth Democrat Roanoke Rapids 

Currie, Claude Fourteenth De nocrat Durham 

Duncan, Edwin Twenty-ninth Democrat Sparta 

Edney, Calvin R Thirtieth Eepu'jlican Marshall 

Cash, Robert T. Thirty-seco.id DeJiocrat Brevard 

Godwin, A, Pilston, .Jr First Democrat Gatesville 

Graves, Calvin Twenty--econd Democrat Winston-Salem 

Henkel, C. V., Jr Twenty- "ifth Denocrat Turnersburg 

Hicks, Carl T. Seventh Democrat Walstonburg 

Hobgood, Hamilton Sixth Democrat I.ouisburg 

Hodges, W. B Thirty-second Democrat Hendersonville 

Horton, H'jgh G Second Democrat Williamston 

Hundley, George L Eighteenth Democrat Thomasville 

Jones, Paul E., Dr Fifth Democrat Farmville 

Kirkman, 0. Arthur Seventeenth Democrat High Point 

Larkins, John D., Jr Seventh Democrat Trenton 

Long, F. D Fourteenth Democrat Roxboro 

Marshall, Wm. F., Sr Twenty-third Democrat Walnut Cove 

Mclntyre, Fred H Twentieth Democrat Charlotte 

Moore, Cutlar Eleventh Democrat Lumberton 

Morgan, Robert F Twenty-seventh Democrat Shelby 

Pate Edwin Eighteenth Democrat Laurinburg 

Paul, Malcolm C Second Democrat Washington 

Proctor, Robert W Twenty-seventh Democrat Marion 

Rankin, R. Grady Twenty-sixth Democrat Gastonia 

Reavis. C. G : Twenty-fourth Republican Yadkin ville 

Ross, L. F Twelfth Democrat Asheboro 

Royster, Fred S Third Democrat Henderson 

Sanford, Terry Tenth Democrat Fayetteville 

Scott, Raliih H Sixteenth Democrat Haw River 

Shuford, William B Twenty-fifth Democrat Hickory 

Smith, H. B Nineteenth Democrat Monroe 

Talton, Hardy Eighth Democrat Pikeville 

Thomas, J. B. Twelfth Democrat Racford 

Vann, Henry Ninth Democrat Clinton 

Weaver, Zebulon, Jr Thirty-first Democrat Askevdle 

Weeks, Cameron S Fourth Democrat Tsrbrro 

Whitfield, J. V Ninth Democrat Burgaw 

Whitley, Adam J., .Jr Eighth Democrat Smithficld 

Williams, Warren R Thirteenth Democrat Sanford 

W'olfe, T. R Nineteenth Democrat Albemarle 

Woodson, Nelson Twenty-first Democrat Salisbury 

303 



304 North Carolina Manual 



SENATORS 
Arranged by Districts 

(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name Address 

1st —.1. William T'opehind Murfrocsboro 

1st — A. Pilston ( "KHiwiii, .Ir (tatesvillc 

2nd — Hugh H. Hortori Williarastoii 

2nd — Malcolm ('. Paul Washington 

3rd — Fred S. Royster Henderson 

4th — W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids 

4th — Cameron S. W'eeks Tarborn 

5th — Dr. Paul E. Jones f^armville 

6th — C. Settle Hunri Spring Hope 

Oth — Hamilton Hobgood Louisburg 

7th— Carl T. Hicks Walstonburg 

7th — John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

8th— Hardy Talton Pikeville 

8th— Adam J. Whitley, Jr Smithfield 

9th — Henry Vann Clinton 

9th— J. V. Whitfield Burgaw 

lllth — James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Kith— Terry Sanl'ord Fayetteville 

1 1 th — (.'utlar Moore Lumberton 

12th — L. F. Ross Asheboro 

12th— J. B. Thomas Raeford 

13th— James H. Pou Bailey Raleigh 

13th— Warren R. Williams Sanlord 

14th— Claude Currie Durham 

14th— F. D. Long Roxboro 

15th— S. M. Bason Yanceyville 

16th— Ralph H. Scott Haw River 

17th— 0. Arthur Kirkman High Point 

18th— (Jeorge L. Hundley Thomasville 

ISth— Edwin Pate Laurinburg 

19th— H. B. Smith Monroe 

19th— T. R. Wolfe Albemarle 

20th— Fred H. McIntjTe Charlotte 

21st— Luther E. Barnhardt Concord 

21st— Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

22nd— Calvin Graves Winston-Salem 

23rd— Wm. F. Marshall, Sr Walnut Cove 

24th— C. G. Reavis (R) Yadkinville 

25th— C. V. Henkel, Jr Turnersburg 

25th— William B. Shuford Hickory 

26th— R. Gradv Rankin Gastonia 

27th— Robert F. Morgan Shelby 

27th— Robert W. Proctor Marion 

28th— Ray E. Chapman Taylorsville 

29th— Edwin Duncan Sparta 

3()th— Calvin R. Edney . . . (R) Marshall 

31st— Zebulon Weaver, Jr Asheville 

32nd— Robert T. Gash Brevard 

32nd— W. B. Hodges Hendersonville 

33rd— Dr. J. H. Crawford Robbinsville 



RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 
OF THE SENATE 

1953 

Powers and Duties of the President 

1. The President shall take the chair at the hour fixed by law 
or at the time fixed by the Senate upon adjournment on the pre- 
ceding legislative day, and shall call the membei's to order. 

2. It shall be the duty of the President, upon order being ob- 
tained, to have the Sessions of the Senate opened with prayer. 

3. In the absence of the President, the Pi'esident pro tempore 
shall reconvene the Senate and preside, and during such time shall 
be vested with all powers of the President except that of casting 
a vote in case of tie when he shall have voted as a Senator. And 
in the event of the absence of the President and President pro 
tempore at any time fixed for the reconvening of the Senate, the 
Principal Clerk of the Senate, or in his absence also, some member 
of the Senate Committee on Rules, shall call the Senate to order 
and designate some member to act as President. 

4. After the prayer, and upon appearance of a quoi-um, the 
President shall cause the Journal of the preceding day to be read 
and approved, unless the Chairman of the Committee on Journal 
or some member of the Senate by motion sustained by a majority 
of the members present, have the reading thereof dispensed with 
and the same approved as written. 

5. The President shall preserve order and decorum and proceed 
with the business of the Senate according to the rules adopted. 
He shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal to the 
Senate by any member, on which appeal no member shall speak 
more than once unless by leave of the Senate. A two-thirds vote 
of the members present shall be necessary to sustain any appeal 
from the ruling of the Chair. 

6. All questions for a vote shall be put as follows: "Those in 
favor say 'Aye'," and after the affirmative vote is expressed — 
"Opposed 'No'." After which the President will announce the re- 
sult. If a division on any vote is desired, it must be called for 
immediately before the result of the voting is announced on any 

305 



306 North Carolina Manual 

question, and upon such call, the President shall require the mem- 
bers to stand and be counted for and aj^ainst any proposition under 
consideration. 

7. The ayes and noes may be called for on any question before 
the vote is taken, and if the call is sustained by one-fifth of the 
Senators present, the roll of the Senate shall be called and the ayes 
and noes taken, and the same shall be entered upon the Journal. 
If a Senator desires the ayes and noes recorded on any question, 
he shall address the Chair and obtain recognition and say, "Upon 
that vote or question I call for the ayes and noes." Whereupon the 
President shall say, "Is the call sustained?" If one-fifth of the 
members present then stand the roll is called and the ayes and 
noes recorded. If less than one-fifth present stands, the Chair an- 
nounces, "An insufficient luimber up" and a viva voce vote is then 
taken. 

8. If any question contains several distinct propositions, it shall 
be divided by the President, at the request of any Senator, pro- 
vided each subdivision, if left to itself, shall form a substantive 
proposition. 

9. The PresMent shall have general direction of the Hall of 
the Senate, and in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct 
in the galleries or lobbies, he shall have the power to order the 
same cleared. 

10. He shall have the right to call on any member to perform 
the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond 
one day. 

11. The Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, being 
a Constitutional Officer shall not have the right to debate any 
question or to address the Senate upon any proposition unless by 
permission of the majority members present, and shall have the 
right to vote only when there is a tie vote upon any cjuestion or 
election. 

12. The Lieutenant Govei'nor, as President of the Senate, unless 
he shall have by law disqualified himself from that office, shall have 
the exclusive right and authority to appoint all Committees, regular 
or special, but he may delegate said authority in any instance, as 
he may choose. 

13. All acts, addresses and resolutions, and all warrants and 
subpoenas issued by order of the Senate shall be signed by the 
President. 



Senate 307 

14. The President shall appoint doorkeepers and pages, and 
such laborers as may be necessary, and shall assign to them their 
duties during sessions, and when not in session they shall be under 
the direction of the Principal Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms, to 
perfonn such duties as are necessaiy and proper to the conduct of 
the Senate. 

15. No person except members of the House of Representatives, 
clerks of the General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and Su- 
perior Courts, State Officers, former members of the General As- 
sembly and persons particularly invited and extended the privi- 
leges of the floor by the President shall be admitted to the floor of 
the Senate during its sessions: Provided, that no person except 
members of the House of Representatives and officers of the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall be allowed on the floor of the Senate or in the 
lobby in the rear of the President's desk, unless permitted by the 
President of the Senate. 

16. The President of the Senate, in the interest of orderly pro- 
cedure and in order properly to expedite the business of the Senate, 
may refuse to recognize any member for the purpose of extending 
the courtesies of the floor, lobbies or galleries to any one or group 
during any particular order of business, but shall recognize such 
member for said purpose at the close of such order of business if he 
then desires recognition. 

17. The President may assign such space or place on the floor 
of the Senate as he desires proper to Reporters desiring to take 
the proceedings of the sessions, provided such does not interfere 
with members of the Senate and its officers and clerks in the per- 
formance of their duties. 

18. Smoking shall not be allowed on the floor or galleries of 
the Senate during sessions: Provided, that smoking may be per- 
mitted in the side lobbies and in the lobby in the rear of the Presi- 
dent's desk. 

19. The pages of the Senate shall be responsible to and under 
the direction of the President at all times when the Senate is in 
session, and shall not exceed fourteen in number. They shall re- 
port to the Principal Clerk at other times to be assigned such 
duties as he may direct and shall be under his supervision. 



308 North Carolina Manual 

Order of Business 

20. After approval of the Journal, the order of business shall be 
as follows: 

(1) Reports of standing committees. 

(2) Reports of select committees. 

(3) Introduction of bills, petitions, and resolutions. 

(4) Messages from the House of Representatives. 

(5) Unfinished business of preceding day. 

(6) Special Orders. 

(7) General Orders — First, local bills on third reading roll call, 
then local bills on second reading roll call. After that the viva 
voce second reading local -calendar in numerical order, taking up 
the Senate bills in first order. After disposition of the local cal- 
endar, the public calendar of bills will be considered in the same 
order, that is: 

(a) First, third reading roll call bills. 

(b) Second reading roll call bills. 

(c) Second reading bills to be considered vwa voce, with Senate 
bills taking precedence in order over House bills. 

But messages from the Governor and House of Representatives 
and communications and reports from State officers and reports 
from the Committee on Engrossed and Enrolled Bills may be re- 
ceived and acted on under any order of business. 

21. Any bill or other matter may be taken up out of order upon 
order of the President or upon motion sustained by a majority of 
the membership present and voting. 

Powers and Duties of Principal Clerk 

22. The President and the Principal Clerk of the Senate shall 
see that all bills shall be acted upon by the Senate in the order 
in which they stand upon the Calendar, unless otherwise ordered 
as hereinafter provided. The Calendar shall include the numbers 
and titles of bills and joint resolutions which have passed the 
House of Representatives and have been received by the Senate 
for concurrence. 

23. The Principal Clerk shall certify the passage of bills by the 
Senate, with the date thereof, together with the fact whether 



Senate 309 

passed by vote of three-fifths or two-thirds of the Senate, when- 
ever such vote may be required by the Constitution and laws of 
the State. 

24. All necessary supplies and stationery for the Senate, its 
various offices and committees of the Senate shall be purchased 
upon requisition of the Principal Clerk, with the approval of the 
President of the Senate. 

25. The office of Engrossing Clerk is discontinued, and the duties 
of that office as heretofore performed by the Engrossing Clerk 
shall devolve upon the Principal Clerk, who is charged with the 
responsibility therefor. 

26. The Principal Clerk shall cause the Journal of the Senate 
to be typewritten in duplicate, original and carbon, the original 
to be deposited in the office of the Secretary of State as the record, 
and the other (carbon) copy to be delivered to the State Printer. 

27. All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the 
direct duties connected with the committee to which they are as- 
signed, shall report to the Principal Clerk of the Senate and, in 
order to expedite the work of the Senate, shall perform such cleri- 
cal or stenographic work as may be assigned to them. 

Standing Committees 

28. The following committees shall be named by the Lieutenant- 
Governor : 

1. Agriculture 

2. Appropriations 

3. Banks and Currency 

4. Conservation and Development 

5. Counties, Cities and Towns 

6. Courts and Judicial Districts 

7. Education 

8. Election Laws and Senatorial Districts 

9. Finance 

10. Insurance 

11. Interstate and Federal Relations 

12. Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling, Printing 

13. ludiciary No. 1 

14. Judiciary No. 2 

15. Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 



310 North Carolina Manual 

16. Mental Institutions 

17. Penal Institutions 

18. Propositions and Grievances 

19. Public Health 

20. Public Roads 

21. Public Utilities 

22. Public Welfare 

23. Retirement-Employment Security 

24. Rules 

25. Salaries and Fees 

26. University Trustees 

27. Veterans and Military Affairs 

28. Wildlife 

Joint Committees 

29. "The Chairman of the Committee on Education, with the 
approval of the President, shall appoint a sub-committee of three 
members (the first of whom shall be the Chairman) from the 
membership of the Education Committee, to be known and desig- 
nated as the Sub-Committee on Library." 

The Committee on Trustees of the Greater University, the Com- 
mittee on Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling and Printing, and the 
sub-committee on Library, provided for under this rule shall act 
as the joint committees for the Senate. 

Provided: When any Senate Committee shall sit jointly with 
the House Committee, the Senate Committee reserves the right to 
vote separately from the House Committee. 

30. Membership on standing committees shall consist of not more 
than sixteen Senators, including the Chairman and Vice-Chairman 
who shall be designated by the President, Provided the committee 
membership on the Committee on Rules, the Committee on Ap- 
propriations, the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Agri- 
culture, the Committee on Roads and the Committee on Education 
shall not be limited as to membership. No Senator shall hold mem- 
bership on more than nine standing committees unless the Rules- 
Committee provides otherwise. 

31. The Committee on Engi'ossed Bills shall examine all bills, 
amendments, and resolutions before they go out of the possession 
of the Senate, and make a report when they find them correctly 



Senate 311 

engrossed: Provided, that when a bill is typewritten and has no 
interlineations therein, and has passed the Senate without amend- 
ment, it shall be sent to the House without engrossment, unless 
otherwise ordered. 

32. All bills introduced in the Senate providing for appropria- 
tions from the State, or any subdivision thereof, shall, before being 
considered by the Senate, be referred to the committee on Ap- 
propriations, and bills referred to other Committees carrying any 
of the provisions herein mentioned, shall be re-referred to the 
Senate as being bills to be considered by the Appropriations Com- 
mittee before proper action may be taken by the Senate. All bills 
introduced in the Senate providing for bond issues, levying taxes, 
or in any manner affecting the taxing power of the State or any 
subdivision thereof, shall before being considered by the Senate, 
be referred to the Committee on Finance, and bills referred to other 
committees carrying any of the provisions herein mentioned shall 
be re-referred to the Senate as being bills to be considered by the 
Finance Committee before proper action may be taken by the 
Senate. 

"All bills prepared to be introduced by departments, agencies or 
institutions of the State must be introduced in the Senate not later 
than March 1 of this Session. All local bills must be introduced 
in the Senate not later than March 1 of this Session." 

33. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution which 
shall not be considered at the time of making the same, or laid on 
the table by a vote of the Senate, shall stand upon the general 
orders with the bill or resolution ; and the report of the committee 
shall show that a majority of the committee were present and voted. 
"A quorum of any committee shall consist of a majority of the 
committee." 

34. "The Chairman of the following Committees, with the ap- 
proval of the President of the Senate, shall appoint Clerks who 
shall be stenographers in order to expedite the business of the 
Session of the Senate: 

Agriculture 

Appropriations 

Conservation and Development 

Counties, Cities and Towns 

Courts and Judicial Districts 

Education 



312 North Carolina Manual 

Finance 

Judiciaiy No. 1 

Judiciary No. 2 

Propositions and Grievances 

Public Health 

Public Roads 

Public Welfare 

Rules 

Wildlife 

In addition to the above-named clerks, the President of the Sen- 
ate, upon recommendation of the Rules Committee, shall appoint 
additional clerks to perform such duties as may be assigned them 
by the Principal Clerk of the Senate. 

Decorum in Sessions 

35. When any Senator is about to speak in debate or deliver 
any matter to the Senate, he shall rise from his seat and respect- 
fully address the President. 

36. No member shall speak until recognized by the President 
and when two or more members rise at the same time, the President 
shall name the member to speak. 

37. No remark reflecting personally upon the action of any Sena- 
tor shall be in order in debate unless preceded by a motion or reso- 
lution of censure. 

38. When a Senator shall be called to order he shall take his seat 
until the President shall have determined whether he was in order 
or not ; if decided to be out of order, he shall not proceed without 
the permission of the Senate; and every question of order shall be 
decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the Senate by any 
Senator; and if a Senator is called to order for words spoken, the 
words excepted to shall be immediately taken down in writing, that 
the President or Senate may be better able to judge of the matter. 

39. No Senator shall speak or debate more than twice nor longer 
than thirty minutes on the same day on the same subject without 
leave of the Senate. 

40. When the President is putting a question, or a division by 
counting shall be had, no Senator shall walk out of or across the 
Chamber, nor when a Senatoi' is speaking, pass between him and 
the President. 



Senate 313 

41. Every Senator who shall be within the bar of the Senate 
when the question is stated by the chair shall vote thereon, unless 
he shall be excused by the Senate or unless he be directly interested 
in the question; and the bar of the Senate shall include the entire 
Senate Chamber. 

42. When a motion to adjourn or for recess shall be affirmatively 
ietermined, no member or officers shall leave his place until ad- 
journment or recess shall be declared by the President. 

43. Senators and visitors shall uncover their heads upon enter- 
ing the Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session, and shall 
continue uncovered during their continuance in the Chamber. 

44. No Senator or officer of the Senate shall depart the service 
or the Senate without leave, or receive pay as a Senator or officer 
for the time he is absent without leave. 

Procedural Rules in Debate 

4£). Every bill introduced into the Senate shall be printed or 
typewritten. Amendments need not be typewritten. 

46. All bills should be read by their titles, which reading shall 
constitute the first reading of the bill, and unless otherwise dis- 
posed of shall be referred to the proper committee. A bill may be 
introduced by unanimous consent at any time during the session. 

47. Every Senator presenting a paper shall endorse the same; 
II a petition, memorial, or report to the General Assembly, with a 
brief statement of its subject or contents, adding his name; if a 
'•esolution, with his name; if a report of a committee, a statement 
uL such repoi't with the name of the committee and members 
wiaking the same; if a bill, a statement of its title which shall 
contain a brief statement of the subject or contents of the bill, with 
nis name; and all bills, resolutions, petitions, and memorials shall 
De delivered to the Principal Clerk and by him handed to the Presi- 
dent to be by him referred, and he shall announce the titles and 
xeferences of the same, which shall be entered on the Journal. 

48. When a bill is materially modified or the scope of its applica- 
tion extended or decreased, or if the county or counties to which it 
applies be changed, the title of the bill shall be changed by the 
Senator introducing the bill or by the committee having it in charge, 
or by the Principal Clerk, so as to indicate the full purport of the 
bill as amended and the county or counties to which it applies. 



11 



314 North Carolina Manual 

49. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any of 
its readinjj^s, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 
of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, 
such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected membership 
of the Senate: Provided, no local bill shall be held by the Chair as 
embodying the provisions, or being identical with any State-wide 
measure which has been laid upon the table or failed to pass any 
of its readings. 

50. Whenever a public bill is introduced, seven carbon copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill. The Reading Clerk shall stamp 
the copy with the number stamped upon the original bill. Such 
copy shall be daily delivered to the joint committee hereinafter 
provided for. The Principal Clerk shall deliver the carbon copy 
of the bills designated to be printed as hereinafter provided for 
the public printer and cause 400 copies thereof to be printed. On 
the morning following the delivery of the printed copies the Chief 
Clerk shall cause the Chief Page to have one copy thereof put upon 
the desk of each member, and shall retain the other printed copies 
in his office. A sufficient number of the printed copies for the use 
of the committee to which the bill is referred shall be by the Chief 
Page delivered to the Chairman or Clerk of that Committee. If the 
bill is passed, the remaining copy shall be by the Chief Page de- 
livered to the Principal Cleik of the House for the use of the House. 
The cost of printing shall be paid from the contingent fund of the 
Senate. The Chairman of the Rules Committee of the Senate and 
the Chairman of the Rules Committee of the House shall appoint a 
sub-committee consisting of three members of the Senate and two 
members of the House from the body of the Senate and the House, 
and such Chairman shall notify the Principal Clerk of the House 
and of the Senate who has been appointed. Such sub-committee 
shall meet daily and examine the carbon copies of the public bills 
introduced and detei-mine which of such public bills shall be printed 
and which shall not, and stamp the copies accordingly. If the 
member introducing a public bill, which the committee shall de- 
termine should not be printed, so desires, he may appear before 
the committee at the next meeting thereof with reference thereto.) 

51. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a committee, 
if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, then 



Senate 315 

the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice given in 
the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds of the 
Senators present and voting, recall the same from the committee 
to the floor of the Senate for consideration and such action thereon 
as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

52. All motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the 
President or any Senator, delivered at the table, and read by the 
President or Reading Clerk before the same shall be debated; but 
any such motion may be withdrawn by the introducer at any time 
before decision or amendment. 

.52a. When a bill is reported by a committee with an unfavorable 
report, but accompanied by a minority report, the minority report 
shall be placed on the calendar and considered the following day, 
and the question before the Senate shall be "The adoption of the 
Minority Report" and if failing to be adopted by a majority vote, 
the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. Before a 
minority report can be considered by the Senate, it must be signed 
by at least three (3) members of the committee who were present 
and voted on the bill when the bill was considered in the committee. 

On General Orders and Special Orders 

53. Any bill or other matter may be made a special order for a 
particular day or hour by a vote of the majority of the Senators 
voting, and if it shall not be completed on that day, it shall be re- 
turned to its place on the Calendar, unless it shall be made a special 
order for another day ; and when a special order is under considera- 
tion it shall take precedence of any special order or subsequent 
order for the day, but such subsequent order may be taken up 
immediately after the previous special order has been disposed of. 

54. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its being 
passed, and the President shall give notice at each whether it be the 
first, second, or third. After the first reading, unless a motion shall 
be made by some Senator, it shall be the duty of the President to 
refer the subject-matter to an appropriate committee. No bill shall 
be amended until it shall have been twice read. 



316 North Carolina Manual 

On Precedence of Motions 

55. When a question is before the Senate no motion shall be 
received except those herein specified, which motion shall have 
precedence as follows, viz.: 

(1) For adjournment. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing: committee. 

(7) To commit to a select committee. 

(8) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. 

56. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?" and until it is decided shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill, 
resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when amend- 
ments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such amend- 
ments, in their inverse order, without further debate or amend- 
ment: Provided, that no one shall move the previous question ex- 
cept the member submitting the report on the bill or other matter 
under consideration, and the member introducing the bill or other 
matter under consideration, or the member in charge of the meas- 
ure, who shall be designated by the chairman of the committee 
reporting the same to the Senate at the time the bill or other matter 
under consideration is reported to the Senate or taken up for con- 
sideration. 

57. When a motion for the previous question is made and is pend- 
ing, debate shall cease and only a motion to adjourn shall be in 
order, which motions shall be put as follows: adjourn, previous 
question, lay on the table. After a motion for the previous question 
is made, pending a second thereto, any member may give notice 
that he desires to offer an amendment to the bill or other matter 
under consideration; and after the previous question is seconded 
such member shall be entitled to offer his amendment in pursuance 
of such notice. 



Senate 317 

Some Questions To Be Taken Without Debate 

58. The motions to adjourn and lay on the table shall be decided 
without debate, and the motion to adjourn shall always be in order 
when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 

59. The respective motions to postpone to a certain day, or to 
commit, shall preclude debate on the main question. 

60. All questions relating to priority of business shall be de- 
cided without debate. 

61. When the reading of a paper is called for, except petitions, 
and the same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be determined 
by the Senate without debate. 

62. Any Senator requesting to be excused from voting may 
make, either immediately before or after the vote shall have been 
called for and before the result shall have been announced, a brief 
statement of the reasons for making such request, and the question 
shall then be taken without debate. Any Senator may explain his 
vote on any bill pending by obtaining permission of the President 
before the vote is put: Provided, that not more than three minutes 
shall be consumed in such explanation. 

Questions That Require a Two-Thirds Vote 

63. No bill or resolution on its third reading shall be acted on 
out of the regular order in which it stands on the Calendar, and no 
bill or resolution shall be acted upon on its third reading the same 
day on which it passed its second reading unless so ordered by two- 
thirds of the Senators present. 

64. No bill or resolution shall be sent from the Senate on the 
day of its passage except on the last day of the session, unless other- 
wise ordered by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 

65. No bill or resolution after being laid upon the table upon 
motion shall be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of 
the Senators present. 

66. No rule of the Senate shall be altered, suspended, or re- 
scinded except on a two-thirds vote of the Senators present. 

67. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a commit- 
tee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, 
then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice given 
in the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds of the 



318 North Carolina Manual 

Senators present and voting, recall the same from the committee to 
the floor of the Senate for consideration and such action thereon 
as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

68. All bills and resolutions reported unfavorably by the com- 
mittee to which they were referred, and having no minority report, 
shall lie upon the table, but may be taken from the table, and placed 
upon the Calendar by a two-thirds vote of those present and voting. 

69. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any of 
its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 
of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, 
such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected member- 
ship of the Senate. Provided, no local bill shall be held by the Chair 
as embodying the provisions, or being identical with any State- 
wide measure which has been laid upon the table or failed to pass 
any of its readings. 

Proceedings When There Is Not a Quorum Voting 

70. If, on taking the question on a bill, it shall appear that a 
constitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill requires a vote 
of a certain proposition of all the Senators to pass it, and it appears 
that such number is not present, the bill shall be again read and the 
question taken thereon ; if the bill fails a second time for the want 
of the necessary number being present and voting, the bill shall 
not be finally lost, but shall be returned to the Calendar in its 
proper order. 

On Conference Committee and Report 

71. Whenever the Senate shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the House to a bill originating in the Senate, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the House for a 
bill originating in the Senate, a conference committee shall be 
appointed upon motion made, consisting of the number named in 
the motion; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go to 
and be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the Senate 
and House. In considering matters in difference between the Senate 
and House committed to the conferees only such matters as are in 



Senate 319 

difTerence between the two houses shall be considered by the con- 
ferees, and the conference report shall deal only with such matters. 
The conference report shall not be amended. Except as herein set 
out, the rules of the House of Representatives of Congress shall 
govern the appointment, conduct, and reports of the conferees. 

Miscellaneous 

72. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall be 
in order for any Senator who shall have voted in the majority to 
move a reconsideration thereof; but no motion for the reconsidera- 
tion of any vote shall be in order after the bill, resolution, message, 
repoi't, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was taken shall 
have gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor shall any motion 
for reconsideration be in order unless made on the same day or in 
the next following legislative day on which the vote proposed to 
be reconsidered shall have taken place, unless same shall be made 
by the Committee on Enrolled Bills for verbal or grammatical 
errors in the bills, when the same may be made at any time. Nor 
shall any question be reconsidered more than once. 

73. In case a less number than a quorum of the Senate shall 
convene, they are authorized to send the doorkeeper or any other 
person, for any or all absent Senators as a majority of the Sena- 
tors present shall determine. 

74. No papers, writings, pamphlets, or printed matter shall be 
placed on the desks of the Senators or distributed in the Senate 
Chamber without the approval of the Principal Clerk. 

75. That in case of adjournment without any hour being named, 
the Senate shall reconvene the next legislative day at 11 o'clock 
A.M. 

76. In the event the Senate Rules do not provide for, or cover 
any point of order raised by any Senator, the rules of the United 
States House of Congress shall govern. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE 

Senatoi's: 

SCOTT, Chairman 

WHITLEY Vice Chairman 

MORGAN, Vice Chairman 



Bunn 
C rew 
Henkel 
Hicks 
Jones 



Long 
Pate 
Reavis 
Royster 



Talton 
Thomas 
Weeks 
Whitfield 



COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 

Senators : 

LARKINS, Chairman 

MARSHALL, Vice Chairman 

DUNCAN, Vice Chairman 



Bason 


Hundley 


Scott 


Bridger 


Jones 


Shuford 


Copeland 


Long 


Thomas 


Crawford 


Mclntyre 


Vann 


Crew 


Moore 


Weaver 


Curi'ie 


Morgan 


Williams 


Hobgood 


Reavis 


Wolfe 


Horton 


Royster 





Bason 

Bridger 

Currie 

Duncan 

Hundley 



COMMITTEE ON BANKS AND CURRENCY 

Senators : 

WEAVER, Chairman 

LONG, Vice Chairman 

Moore 

Ross 

Thomas 

Vann 

Williams 



320 



Senate 321 

COMMITTEE ON CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 





Senators : 




RANKIN, Chairman 




WHITFIELD, Vice Chairman 




WILLIAMS, Vice Chairman 


Bridger 


Proctor 


Edney 


Sanford 


Godwin 


Thomas 


Henkel 


Vann 


Hodges 


Whitley 



Moore 

COMMITTEE ON COUNTIES, CITIES AND TOWNS 

Senators : 

COPE LAND, Chairman 

McINTYRE, Vice Chairman 

GASH, Vice Chairman 

Crew Smith Weeks 

Graves Weaver 

COMMITTEE ON COURTS AND JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 





Senators : 




HOBGOOD, Chairman 




GRAVES, Vice Chairman 


Bailey 


Pi'octor 


Barnhardt 


Shuford 


Horton 


Smith 


Paul 






COMMITTEE ON EDUCATIO 




Senators : 




ROYSTER, Chairman 




KIRKMAN Vice Chairman 




SHUFORD, Vice Chairman 


Bunn 


Pate 


Crawford 


Paul 


Graves 


Rankin 


Hicks 


Reavis 


Hobgood 


Sanford 


Morgan 


Whitley 



322 



North Carolina Manual 



Copeland 
Crawford 
Graves 
Henkel 



COMMITTEE ON ELECTION LAWS- 
SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

Senators : 

HODGES, Chairman 
HOBGOOD, Vice Chairman 

Horton 

Larkins 

Marshall 



Duncan 

Edney 

Henkel 



COMMITTEE ON INSURANCE 

Senators: 
HORTON, Chairrnan 



ROSS, Vice Chairman 

Hodges 

Hundley 

Pate 



Paul 
Vann 



Bailey 

Barnhardt 

Chapman 

Edney 

Gash 

Godwin 

Graves 

Henkel 

Hicks 

Hodges 

Kirkman 

Larkins 



COMMITTEE ON FINANCE 

Senators : 

CURRIE, Chairman 

WOODSON, Vice Chairman 

BUNN, Vice Chairman 

Pate 

Paul 

Proctor 

Rankin 

Ross 

Sanford 

Smith 

Talton 

Weeks 

Whitfield 

Whitley 



Senate 



323 



COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND 
FEDERAL RELATIONS 

Senators : 

WHITFIELD, Chairman 

SANFORD, Vice Chairman 

Whitley 



Earnhardt 
Chapman 


Gash 
Shuford 


COMMITTEE ON JOURNAL, ENGl 
ENROLLING, PRINTING 




Senators : 




VANN, Chairman 
WEEKS, Vice Chairman 


Chapman 
Duncan 


Gash 
Talton 



Copeland 

Graves 

Hobgood 



COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY I 

Senators : 
EARNHARDT, Chairman 



WEEKS, Vice 


Chairman 




Horton 




Marshall 


Larkins 




Sanford 


Proctor 




Williams 



COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY II 



Crew 

Edney 

Gash 



Senators : 




EAILEY, Chairman 




SMITH Vice Chairman 




Godwin 


Weaver 


Kirkman 


Wolfe 


Paul 


Woodson 



324 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON MANUFACTURING, 
LABOR AND COMMERCE 

Senators: 

WOODSON, Chairman 

JONES, Vice Chairman 

Bailey Rankin Smith 

Currie Ross Vann 

Proctor Royster Williams 

COMMITTEE ON MENTAL INSTITUTIONS 

Senators : 

TALTON, Chairman 
BUNN, Vice Chairman 

Bason Hicks Shuford 

Crawfoi'd Long 

Crew Moore 

COMMITTEE ON PENAL INSTITUTIONS 

Senators : 
MARSHALL, Chairman 
CREW, Vice CJiairman 

Bunn Mclntyre Weeks 

Hundley Thomas 

COMMITTEE ON PROPOSITIONS AND GRIEVANCES 

Senators: 

WHITLEY, Chairman 
WEAVER, Vice Chairman 

Copeland Morgan Weeks 

Horton Pate Woodson 

Kirkman Scott 



Senate 



325 



Crawford 

Jones 

Morgan 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC HEALTH 

Senators : 

HICKS, Chairman 
HENKEL, Vice Chairman 

Reavis 
Talton 



Bridger 
Crew 
Edney 
Godwin 



COxMMITTEE ON PUBLIC ROADS 

Senators : 

BASON, Chairman 

WOLFE, Vice Chairman 

CRAWFORD, Vice Chairman 



Hundley 


Royster 


Marshall 


Scott 


Mclntyre 


Whitfield 


Rankin 


Williams 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC UTILITIES 





Senators : 




HUNDLEY, Chairman 




PAUL, Vice Chairman 


Earnhardt 


Reavis 


Bason 


Shuford 


Morgan 


Wolfe 



Woodson 



Long 
Kirkman 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WELFARE 

Senators : 

JONES, Chairman 
MOORE, Vice Chairman 

Mclntyre Smith 

Scott Talton 



326 



North Carolina Manual 



COMMITTEE ON RETIREMENT— EMPLOYMENT SECURITY 

Senators : 
LONG, Chairman 



Bason 

Bunn 

Duncan 



CHAPMAN, Vice Chai 

Hicks 

Hodges 

Ross 



r)i!<ni 



Whitfield 



Bailey 

Barnhardt 

Bridger 

Copeland 

Currie 

Edney 

Hobgood 



COMMITTEE ON RULES 

Senators : 

PATE, Chairman 

ROYSTER, Vice Chairman 

Jones 

Larkins 

Marshall 

Rankin 

Weaver 

Whitley 

Woodson 



COMMITTEE ON SALARIES AND FEES 

Senators : 
THOMAS, Chdirman 





GODWIN, Vice Cluiirman 


Chapman 


Reavis 


Hodges 


Ross 


Moore 


Scott 



COMMITTEE ON UNIVERSITY TRUSTEES 





Senators : 




RANKIN, Chairman 




COPELAND, Vice Chairman 


Currie 


Proctor 


Edney 


Royster 


Hobgood 


Sanford 



Senate 



327 



Jones 
Kirkman 
Larkins 
Pate 



Shufoi-d 
Weaver 
Williams 
Woodson 



COMMITTEE ON VETERANS AND MILITARY AFFAIRS 

Senators : 
KIRKMAN, Chairman 



Bailey 

Earnhardt 
Currie 



SANFORD, Vice Chairman 

Gash 

Larkins 

Wolfe 



Chapman 

Duncan 

Godwin 



COMMITTEE ON WILDLIFE 

Senators : 
BRIDGER, Cliairman 



PROCTOR, 



Vice Chairinan 

Mclntyre 
Whitfield 
Wolfe 



o 



6 



4 3||44n45l|46 

"33] [^ [Ts] [Ye ] [aT] 
73] [i^j [is] [?6] [Tt] 
[TI] |j4] [Ts] [Te] / 



rO 



47 



48 



49 


50 



38 



39 



40 


41 



42 



|7b] [29] [30] [jTI [3? 



Tt] ITsl [Tg] [20" 



6 




(I 



12 
II 




o 



pRtSIOCN,- 




b- 



6 
7 
8 
9 



21 
22 



Senate 329 

SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1953 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATE 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name County Address Seat 

1st — J. William Copeland Ilertford Murfreesboro 6 

1st — A. Pilston Ciodwin, Jr Gates , Gatesville 7 

2nd — Hugh ( i. Horton Martin WilliamstoQ 14 

2nd — Malcolm C. Paul Beaufort Washington 15 

3rd — Fred S. Royster Vance Henderson 23 

4th — W. Luiisford Crew Halifax Roanoke Rapids 31 

4th — Cameron S. Weeks Edgecombe Tarboro 21 

5th— Dr. Paul E. Jones Pitt Farmville 16 

6th— C. Settle Bunn Nash . Spring Hope 12 

6th — Hamilton Hobgood Franklin Louisburg 27 

7th — Carl T. Hicks Greene Walstonburg 19 

7th — John D. Larkins, Jr Jones Trenton 20 

8th— Hardy Talton Wayne Pikeville 29 

8th— Adam J. Whitley, Jr Johnston Smithfield .^ . . 28 

9th — Henrv Vann Samnson Clinton 2 

9th— J. V. Whitfield Pender Burgaw 8 

10th — James A. Bridger Bladen Bladenboro 22 

10th— Terry Sanford Cumberland Fayetteville 41 

1 1th- ' iitl'ir Moore Robeson Lumberton 42 

12th— L. F. Ross Randolph Asheboro 47 

12th— J. B. Thomas Hoke Raeford 4 

13th— James H. Pou Bailey ■. . . Wake Raleigh 10 

13th— Warren R. Williams Lee Sanford 9 

14th — Claude Currie Durham Durham 35 

14th— F. D. Long Person Roxboro 32 

15th— S. M. Bason Caswell Yancevville 26 

Ifith— Ralph H. Scott Alamance Haw River 30 

17th— 0. Arthur Kirkman ? Guilford High Point 39 

1 Sth — George L. Hundley Davidson ThomasviUe 3 

18th— Edwin Pate Scotland Laurinburg 13 

19th— H. B. Smith Union Monroe 37 

19th— T. R. Wolfe Stanly Albemarle 36 

20th— Fred H. Mclntyre Mecklenburg Charlotte 11 

21st — Luther E. Barnhardt Cabarrus Concord 17 

21st — Nelson Woodson Rowan Salisbury 18 

22nd — Calvin Graves , Forsvth Winston-Salem 40 

23rd— Wm. F. Marshall, Sr Stokes. . .: ' Walnut Cove 38 

24th— C. G. Reavis (R) Yadkin Yadkinville 48 

25th— C. V. Henkel. Jr Iredell Turnersburg 43 

25th— William B. Shuford Catawba Hickory. . . 44 

26th — R. Gradv Rankin Gaston Gastonia. . 5 

27th— Robert F. Morgan Cleveland Shelby 24 

27th— Robert W. Proctor McDowell Marion 25 

28th — Ray E. Chapman Alexander Taylorsville 50 

29th— Edwin Duncan Alleghany Sparta 45 

30th— Calvin R. Edney (R) Madison Marshall 49 

3 1st — Zeb'ilon Weaver, Jr Buncombe Asheville 1 

32nd— Robert T. Gash Transylvania Brevard 34 

32nd — W. B. Hodges Henderson Henderson ville 33 

33rd— Dr. J. H. Crawford Graham Robbinsville 46 



Officers and Members of the House of Representatives 

OFFICERS 

E. T. Bost, Jr Speaker Concord 

Mrs. Annie E. Cooper Princjiial Clerk Raleifih 

Carl Goerch Reading Clerk Raleigh 

C. Wayland Spruill Sergeant-at-Arms Windsor 

REPRESENTATIVES 
TAlphabetically Arranged) 
Name County Party Address 

Adams, Wayne (irahani Democrat Robbinsville 

Allen, ,Iohn L Montgomery Democrat Troy 

Allen, Thomas W Granville Democrat Creedmoor 

Anderson. .lohn Caldwell Republican Lenoir 

Askew, Allen E Gates Democrat Gatesville 

Atkins, Bill Yancey Democrat Burnsville 

Barker, O.scar G Durham Democrat Durham 

Barnett, W, H Rowan Democrat Spencer 

Blue, H. (^lifton Moore Democrat Aberdeen 

Bost, E. T., Jr Cabarrus Democrat Concord 

Branch, Joseph Halifax Democrat Enfield 

Brantley, R. E Polk Democrat Tryon 

Brown, Frank H., Jr Jackson Democrat Cullowhee 

Bryant, ( 'has, K., Sr Gaston Democrat Gastonia 

Carr, Robert M Duplin Democrat Wallace 

Clark, David Lincoln Democrat Lincoln ton 

Clark, H. Manly, Sr Bladen . Democrat Elizabethtown 

Coites, Roy C Johnston Democrat Smithfield 

Collier, T.J Pamlico Democrat Bayboro 

Combs, Lewis L TyTrell Democrat Columbia 

Corey, A Martin Democrat Jamesville 

Crissman, Walter E Guilford Democrat High Point 

Dean, Walter Macon Republican Franklin 

Dellinger, David P Gaston Democrat Cherry ville 

Doughton, J. K Alleghany Democrat Stratford 

Edwards, A. C Greene Democrat Hookerton 

Eller, H. P Wilkes Republican N. Wilkesboro 

Etheridge, R. Bruce Dare Democrat Manteo 

Falknerl E. Vance Democrat Henderson 

Falls, B. T., Jr Cleveland Democrat Shelby 

Fisher. Ralph R Trans.vlvania Republican Brevard 

Fisher, Trov A Cumberland Democrat Fayetteville 

Floyd, F. Wayland Robeson Democrat Fairmont 

Floyd, W. F. " Columbus Democrat Whiteville 

Forbes, J. Wilbert Camden Democrat Shawboro 

Fountain, Ben E Edgecombe Democrat Rocky Mount 

Fowler, Joe, Jr Surry Democrat Mt. Airy 

Gavin, W. Ed Randolph Republican Asheboro 

Gentry, Todd H Ashe Democrat West Jefferson 

Gillette, Charley Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Gobble, F. L Forsyth Democrat Wmston-Salem 

Goodman, Arthur Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Goodman, Spencer B Stanly Republican Richfield 

Greene, Harry A Hoke Democrat Raeford 

Gregory, Carson Harnett Democrat Angier 

Hargett, John M Jones Democrat Trenton 

Harmon, Roy A Avery Republican Elk Park 

Hewlett, Addison, Jr New Hanover Democrat Wilmmgton 

Hicks, E. L Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Holmes, Carroll R Perquimans Democrat Kortford 

Hunt, Joseph M., Jr Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Johnson, E. R Currituck Democrat Moyock 

Johnson, Fred W Ale.xander Republican Taylorsville 

Jordan, John Y., Jr Buncombe Democrat Asheville 

330 



House of Representatives 331 



Name County Party Address 

Kemp, W. P Wayne Democrat Goldsboro 

Kilfjatrick, Frank M Pitt • Democrat Ayden 

Kiser, Roger C Scotland Democrat Laurinburg 

Leinbach, Roy E., Jr Catawba Republican Newton 

Little, Hal W Anson Democrat Wadesboro 

Long, George A Alamance Democrat Burlington 

Maddrey, C. Gordon Hertford Democrat Ahoskie 

Martin, Wallace W Swain Democrat Bryson City 

Mauney, Richard Cherokee Democrat Murphy 

McKinney, Brown Mitchell Republican BakersviUe 

Mills, Geo. H Rutherford Democrat Rutherfordton 

Mobley, H. Earle Carteret Democrat Morehead City 

Moore, H. M Clay Democrat Hayesville 

Moore, Lar;y L, .Jr Wilson Democrat Wilson 

Murphy, As ley M Pender Democrat Atkinson 

O'Hanlon, 1. H. Cumberland Democrat Fayetteville 

O'Herron, E. M., Jr Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Palmer, Joe H Haywood Democrat Clyde 

Perkins, S. R McDowell Democrat Marion 

Philpott, H. Cloyd Davidson Democrat Lexington 

Pittman, James H Richmond Democrat Rockingham 

Pou, Edwin S Wake Democrat Raleigh 

Powell. Radford G Rockingham Democrat Reidsville 

(juinn, Dwight W Cabarrus Democrat Kannapolis 

Ramsey, R. R. Madison Republican Walnut 

Randall, ( Icorge W Iredell Democrat Mooresville 

Regan, John B Robeson Democrat St. Pauls 

Rodeiibough, Grace Taylor .... Stokes Democrat Walnut Cove 

Rodman, Wm. B Beaufort Democrat Washington 

Sanders, Richard T Durham Democrat Durham 

Satterfield, B. I Person Democrat Timberlake 

Sawyer, Bascom Pasquotank Democrat Elizabeth City 

Scott, W. Herman Chatham Democrat Chapel Hill 

Shreve, Clyde A Guilford Democrat Summerficld 

Smoot, J. N Davie Republican Mock.sville 

Speight, J. A Bertie Democrat Windsor 

Stone, Clarence E., Jr Forsyth Democrat Belews Creek 

Swindell, Russell A Hyde Democrat Swan Quarter 

Taylor, Roy A. Buncombe Democrat Black Mountain 

Taylor, William W., Jr Warren Democrat Warrenton 

Thomas, C. Blake Johnston Democrat Sniithfield 

Turner, Thomas Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Umstead, J. W., Jr Orange Democrat Chai)el Hill 

Uzzell, Geo. R Rowan Democrat Salisbury 

Vann, P. R Sampson Democrat Clinton 

Venters, Carl V Onslow Democrat Jacksonville 

Vernon, Livingston Burke Democrat Morgan ton 

Warren, Joseph H Caswell Democrat Prospect Hill 

White, John F Chowan Democrat Eden ton 

White, Thomas J Lenoir Democrat Kinston 

Whitehurst, Sam L Craven Democrat New Bern 

Whitley, Philip R Wake Democrat Wendell 

Whitmire, R. Lee Henderson Democrat Henderson ville 

Wicker, J. Shelton Lee Democrat Sanford 

Williams, H. Smith Yadkin Republican Yadkinville 

Williams, Tom A Nash Democrat Battleboro 

Wilhamson, Odell Brunswick Democrat Shallotte 

Wilson, Henry H., Jr Union Democrat Monroe 

Winkler, William L Watauga Republican Boone 

Womble, W. Brantley Wake Democrat Cary 

Womble, William F Forsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Woodard, J. Raynor Northampton Democrat Conway 

Woolard, W. J Washington Democrat Plymouth 

Worthington, Sam Pitt Democrat Greenville 

Yarborough, Edward F Franklin Democrat Louisburg 

Young, John C, Dr Buncombe Democrat Asheville 



332 North Carolina Manual 

representatives 

Arranged by Counties 
(Democrat Unless Otherwise Indicated) 

County Name Address 

Alamance George A. Long Burlington 

Alexander Fred W. Johnson (R) Taylorsville 

Alleghany J. K. Dough ton Stratford 

Anson Hal W. Little Wadesboro 

Ashe Todd H. Ctcntry West Jefferson 

Avery Roy A. Harmon (R) Elk Park 

Beaufort Wni. B. Rodman Washington 

Bertie J. A. Speight Windsiir 

Bladen H. Manly Clark, Sr Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Odell Williamson Shallotte 

Buncombe John Y. Jordan, Jr Asheville 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 

Dr. John C. Young Asheville 

Burke Livingston Vernon Morgan ton 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

Dwight W. (^uinn Kannapolis 

Caldwell John Anderson (R) Lenoir 

Camden J. Wilbert Forbes Shawboro 

Carteret H. Earle Mobley Morehead City 

Caswell Joseph H . Warren Prospect Hill 

Catawba Roy E. Leinbach, Jr (R) Newton 

Chatham W. Herman Scott Chapel Hill 

Cherokee Richard Mauney Murphy 

C howan John F. White Edenton 

Cay H. M. Moore Havesville 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Columbus W. F. Floyd Whiteville 

Craven Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 

Cumberland Troy A. Fisher Fayetteville 

I. H. O'Hanlon Fayetteville 

Currituck E. R. Johnson Moyock 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Davidson H. Cloyd Philpott Lexington 

Davie J. N. Smoot (R) Mocksville 

Duplin Robert M . Carr Wallace 

Durham Oscar G. Barker Durham 

Richard T. Sanders Durham 

Edgecombe Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount 

Forsyth F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 

Clarence E. Stone, Jr Belews Creek 

William F. Womble Winston-Salem 

Franklin Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 

Gaston Chas K, Bryant. Sr Gastonia 

David P. Dellinger Cherryville 

Gates Allen E. Askew Gatesville 

Graham Wayne Adams Robbinsville 

Granville Thomas W. Allen Creedmoor 

Greene A. C. Edwards Hookerton 

Guilford Walter E. Crissman High Point 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 

Clyde A. Shreve Summerfield 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 

Halifax Joseph Branch Enfield 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angler 

Haywood Joe H. Palmer Clyde 

Henderson R. Lee Whitmire Hendersonville 

Hertford C. Gordon Maddrey Ahoskie 

Hoke Harry A. Greene Raeford 

Hyde Russell A. Swindell Swan Quarter 

Iredell. , . . , George W. Randall Mooresville 



House of Representatives 333 



County Name Address 

Jackson Frank H. Brown, Jr Cullowhee 

Johnston Rov C. Coates Smithfield 

C. Blake Thomas Smithfield 

Jones John M. Hargett Trenton 

Lee J. Shelton Wicker Sanford 

Lenoir Thomas J. White Kinston 

Lincoln David Clark Lincolnton 

Macon Walter Dean (R) Franklin 

Madison R. R. Ramsey (R) Walnut 

Martin A. Corey Jamesville 

McDowell S. R. Perkins Marion 

Mecklenburg Charley Gillette Charlotte 

Arthur (loodman Charlotte 

E. L. Hicks Charlotte 

E. M. O'Herron, Jr Charlotte 

Mitchell Brown McKinney (R) Bakersville 

Montgomery John L. Allen Troy 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 

Nash Tom A. Williams Battleboro 

New Hanover Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conway 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Orange J. W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

Pamlico T.J. Collier Bayboro 

Pasquotank Bascom Sawyer Elizabeth City 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 

Perquimans Carroll R. Holmes Hertford 

Person B. L Satterfield Timberlake 

Pitt Frank M . Kilpatrick Ayden 

Sam 0. Worthington Greenville 

Polk R. E. Brantley Tryon 

Randolph W. Ed. Gavin (R) Asheboro 

Richmond James H. Pittman Rockingham 

Robeson F. Wayland Floyd Fairmont 

John B. Regan St. Pauls 

Rockingham Radford ( !. Powell Reidsville 

Rowan W. H. Barnett Spencer 

Geo. R. Uzzell Salisbury 

Rutherford Geo. H. Mills Rutherfordton 

Sampson P. R. Vann Clinton 

Scotland Roger C. Riser Laurinburg 

Stanly Spencer B. Goodman (R) Richfield 

Stokes Grace Taylor Rodenbough Walnut Cove 

Surry Joe Fowler, .Jr Mt. .\iry 

Swain Wallace W. Martin Bryson City 

Transylvania Ralph R. Fisher (R) Brevard 

Tyrreil Lewis L. Combs Columbia 

Union Henry H. Wilson, Jr Monroe 

Vance E. 0. Falkner Henderson 

Wake Edwin S. Pou Raleigh 

Philip R. Whitley Wendell 

W. Brantley Womble Gary 

Warren William W. Taylor, Jr Warrenton 

Washington W.J. Woolard Plymouth 

Watauga William L. Winkler (R) Boone 

Wayne W. P. Kemp Goldsboro 

Wilkes H. P. Eller (R) N. Wilkesboro 

Wilson Larry L Moore, Jr Wilson 

Yadkin H. Smith Williams (R) Yadkinville 

Yancey Bill Atkins Burr.sville 

Enrolling and Inde.\ing Departments 

Enrolling Clerk L. M. Chaffin Lillington 

Indexer of Laws Charles A. Poe Raleigh 



334 North Carolina Manual 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1953 

Touchinji the Duties of Speaker 

1. It shall be the duty of the Speaker to have the sessions of the 
House opened with prayer. 

2. He shall take the chair every day at the hour fixed by the 
House on the preceding legislative day, shall immediately call the 
members to order, and, on appearance of a quorum, cause the 
Journal of the preceding day to be appproved. 

3. He shall preserve order and decorum, may speak to points 
of order in preference to other members, rising from his seat for 
that purpose, and shall decide questions of order, subject to an 
appeal to the House by any member, on which appeal no member 
shall speak more than once, unless by leave of the House. A % vote 
of the members present shall be necessary to sustain any appeal 
from the ruling of the Chair. 

4. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 

5. Questions shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in favor 
(as the question may be) will say 'Aye'," and after the affirmative 
voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say 'No'." Upon a 
call for a division the Speaker shall count; if required he shall ap- 
point tellers. 

6. The Speaker shall have a general direction of the hall. He 
shall have a right to name any member to perform the duties of 
the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond one day, except 
in case of sickness or by leave of the House. 

7. All committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, unless other- 
wise specially ordered by the House. 

8. In all elections the Speaker may vote. In all other cases he 
may exercise his right to vote, or he may reserve this right until 
there is a tie; but in no case shall he be allowed to vote twice on 
the same question. 

9. All acts, addresses, and resolutions, and all warrants and sub- 
poenas issued by order of the House shall be signed by the Speaker. 

10. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the gal- 
leries or lobby, the Speaker or other presiding officer shall have 
power to order the same to be cleared. 



House of Representatives 335 

11. No person except members and officers and clerks of the 
General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts, 
State officers, former members of the General Assembly who are 
not registered under the provisions of Article 9 of Chapter 120 of 
the General Statutes of North Carolina, and persons particularly 
invited by the Speaker shall be admitted within the hall of the 
House: Provided, that no person except members and officers of 
the General Assembly shall be allowed on the floor of the House or 
in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk, unless permitted by 
the Speaker of the House. 

12. No motion to suspend the rules for the purpose of extending 
the courtesies of the floor, lobby or gallery shall be made during the 
consideration of the Public Calendar, except upon motion of the 
Speaker. 

13. Reporters wishing to take down debates may be admitted 
by the Speaker, who shall assign such places to them on the floor 
or elsewhere, to efi'ect this object, as shall not interfere with the 
convenience of the House. 

14. Smoking shall not be allowed in the hall, lobbies, or the gal- 
leries while the House is in session : Provided, that smoking may 
be permitted in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk. 

Order of Business of the Day 

15. After the approval of the Journal of the preceding day, 
which shall stand approved without objection, the House shall pro- 
ceed to business in the following order, viz: 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials, and papers addressed 
to the General Assembly or to the House. 

(2) Reports of standing committees. 

(3) Reports of select committees. 

(4) Resolutions. 

(5) Bills. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 

(7) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages, and other 
papers on the Calendar, in their exact numerical order, unless dis- 
placed by the orders of the day ; but messages, and motions to elect 
officers shall always be in ordei-. 

No member shall rise from his seat to introduce any petition, 
resolution, or bill out of order unless he is permitted so to do by a 
suspension of the rules, 



336 North Carolina Manual 

On Decorum in Debate 

16. When any member is about to speak in debate or deliver any 
matter to the House, he shall rise from his seat and respectfully 
address the Speaker. 

17. When the Speaker shall call a member to order, the member 
shall sit down, as also he shall when called to order by another 
member, unless the Speaker decides the point of order in his favor. 
By leave of the House a member called to order may clear a matter 
of fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as the 
decision stands but by permission of the House. Any member may 
appeal from the decision of the Chaii-, and if, upon appeal, the 
decision be in favor of the member called to order, he may proceed; 
if otherwise, he shall not, except by leave of the House; and if the 
case, in the judgment of the House, require it, he shall be liable to 
its censure. 

18. No member shall speak until recognized by the Chair, and 
when two or more members rise at the same time the Speaker shall 
name the member to speak. 

19. No member shall speak more than twice on the main ques- 
tion, nor longer than thirty minutes for the first speech and fifteen 
minutes for the second speech, unless allowed to do so by the affirma- 
tive vote of a majority of the members present; nor shall he speak 
more than once upon an amendment or motion to commit or post- 
pone, and then not longer than ten minutes. But the House may, 
by consent of a majority, suspend the operations of this rule during 
any debate on any particular question before the House, or the 
Committee on Rules may bring in a special rule that shall be ap- 
plicable to the debate on any bill. 

20. While the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing 
the House, no person shall speak, stand up, walk out of or cross 
the House, nor when a member is speaking, entertain private dis- 
course, stand up, or pass between him and the Chair. 

21. No member shall vote on any question when he was not pres- 
ent when the question was put by the Speaker, except by the con- 
sent of the House. Upoon a division and count of the House on 
any question, no member without the bar shall be counted. 

22. Every member who shall be in the hall of the House for the 
above purpose when the question is put shall give his vote upon a 
call of the ayes and noes, unless the House for special reasons shall 



House of Representatives 337 

excuse him, and no application to be excused from voting or to ex- 
plain a vote shall be entertained unless made before the call of the 
roll. The hall of the House shall include the lobbies and offices 
connected with the hall. 

23. When a motion is made it shall be stated by the Speaker or, 
if written, it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by the 
Speaker or Clerk before debate. A motion to table or adjourn shall 
be seconded before the motion is put by the Speaker to the vote of 
the House. 

24. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Speaker or 
any two membei's I'equest it. 

25. After a motion is stated by the Speaker or read by the Clerk, 
it shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but may be 
withdi-awn before a decision or amendment, except in case of a 
motion to reconsider, which motion, when made by a member, shall 
be deemed and taken to be in possession of the House, and shall not 
be withdrawn without leave of the House. 

26. When a question is under debate no motion shall be received 
but to adjourn, to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to 
postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, which several mo- 
tions shall have precedence in the order in which they stand ar- 
ranged ; and no motion to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, 
to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, being decided, 
shall be again allowed at the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

27. A motion to adjourn or lay on the table shall be decided 
without debate, and a motion to adjourn shall always be in order, 
except when the House is voting or some member is speaking; but 
a motion to adjourn shall not follow a motion to adjourn until 
debate or some other business of the House has intervened. 

28. In case of adjournment without any hour being named, the 
House shall reconvene on the next legislative day at twelve o'clock 
noon. 

29. When a question has been postponed indefinitely, the same 
shall not be acted on again during the session, except u])on a % vote. 

30. Any member may call for a division of the question, when 
the same shall admit of it, which shall be determined by the 
Speaker. 

31. When a motion has been once made and carried in the af- 
firmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the 
majority to move for the reconsideration thereof, on the same or 



338 North Carolina Manual 

succeeding day, unless it may have subsequently passed the Senate, 
and no motion to reconsider shall be taken from the table except 
by a % vote. But unless such vote has been taken by a call of the 
ayes and noes, any member may move to reconsider. 

32. When the reading of a paper is called for, which has been 
read in the Houses, and the same is objected to by any member, 
it shall be determined by a vote of the House. 

33. Petitions, memorials, and other papers addressed to the 
House shall be presented by the Speaker; a brief statement of the 
contents thereof may be verbally made by the introducer before 
reference to a committee, but shall not be debated or decided on the 
day of their first being read, unless the House shall direct other- 
wise. 

34. When the ayes and noes are called for on any question, it 
shall be on motion before the question is put; and if seconded by 
one fifth of the members present, the question shall be decided 
by the ayes and noes; and in taking the ayes and noes, or on a call 
of the House, the names of the members will be taken alpha- 
betically. 

35. Decency of speech shall be observed and personal reflection 
carefully avoided. 

36. Any member may arise at any time to speak to a question 
of personal privilege, and upon objection to him proceeding, the 
Speaker shall determinate if the question is one of privilege. 

37. Fifteen members, including the Speaker, shall be authorized 
to compel the attendance of absent members. A quorum shall con- 
sist of a majority of the qualified members of the House. 

38. No member or officer of the House shall absent himself from 
the service of the House without leave, unless from sickness or in- 
ability. 

39. Any member may excuse himself from serving on any com- 
mittee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

40. If any member shall be necessarily absent on temporary busi- 
ness of the House when a vote is taken upon any question, upon 
entering the House he shall be permitted, on request, to vote, pro- 
vided that the result shall not be thereby afl'ected. 

41. No standing rule or order shall be rescinded or altered 
without one day's notice given on the motion thereof, and to sus- 
tain such motion % of the House shall be required. 



House of Representatives 339 

42. The members of the House shall uncover their heads upon 
entering the House while it is in session, and shall continue so 
uncovered during their continuance in the hall, except Quakei's. 

43. A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority 
vote, except a motion to reconsider an indefinite postponement, or 
a motion to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to reconsider, 
which shall require a % vote. 

44. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any of 
its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 
of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the chair, 
such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
therefrom except by a vote of % of the elected membership of the 
House: Provided, no local bill shall be held by the Chair as em- 
bodying the provisions or being identical with any Statewide 
measure which has been laid upon the table, or failed to pass any 
of its readings. No amendment or rider to a bill before the House 
shall be in order unless such rider or amendment is gei-mane to 
the bill under consideration. 

45. A motion to table an amendment sent up from the floor shall 
not be construed as a motion to table the principal bill or any other 
amendment which has been offered thereto, and if such motion is 
carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the table. 

46. When a member desires to interrupt a member having the 
floor he shall first obtain recognition by the Chair and permission 
of the member occupying the floor, and when so recognized and 
such permission is obtained he may propound a question to the 
member occupying the floor, but he shall not propound a series 
of questions or interrogatories or otherwise interrupt the member 
having the floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point of order 
being raised enforce this rule. 

Standing Committees 

47. At the commencement of the session a standing committee 
shall be appointed by the Speaker on each of the following sub- 
jects, namely: 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Banking. 



340 North Carolina Manual 

On Commei'cial Fisheries and Oyster Industry. 

On Commission and Institutions for the Blind. 

On Congressional Districts. 

On Conservation and Development. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities and Towns. 

On Courts and Judicial Districts. 

On Drainage. 

On Education. 

On Elections and Election Laws. 

On Employment Security. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Expenditures of the House. 

On Federal and Interstate Cooperation. 

On Finance. 

On Health. 

On Higher Education. 

On Institutions for the Deaf. 

On Insurance. 

On the Journal. 

On Judiciary No. 1. 

On Judiciary No. 2. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Local Government. 

On Manufacturers and Labor. 

On Mental Institutions. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Roads and Highway Safety. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senatorial Districts. 

On Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement. 

On Veteran's Legislation. 

On Wildlife Resources. 



House of Representatives 341 

Joint Committees 

On Enrolled Bills. 

On Libraiy. 

On Printing. 

On Trustees of University. 

The first member announced on each committee shall be chair- 
man, and M^here the Speaker so desires he may designate one or 
more vice chairmen. In any joint meeting of the Senate and House 
committees, the House Committee may in its discretion reserve the 
right to vote separately. 

48. Whenever the House shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the Senate to a bill originating in the House, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the Senate for a 
bill originating in the House, a conference committee shall be 
appointed upon motion made, consisting of the number named in 
the motion; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go 
to and be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the House 
and Senate. In considering matters in difference between the House 
and Senate committed to the conferees only such matters as are 
in difference between the two houses shall be considered by the 
conferees, and the conference report shall deal only with such 
matters. The conference report shall not be amended. Except as 
herein set out, the rules of the House of Representatives of Con- 
gress shall govern the appointment, conduct, and reports of the 
conferees. 

49. In forming a Committee of the House, the Speaker shall 
leave the Chair, and a Chairman to preside in committee shall be 
appointed by the Speaker. 

50. Upon bills submitted to a Committee of the Whole House, 
the bill shall be first read throughout by the Clerk, and then again 
read and debated by sections, leaving the preamble to be last con- 
sidered. The body of the bill shall not be defaced or interlined, 
but all amendments, noting the page and line, shall be duly en- 
tered by the Clerk on a separate paper as the same shall be agreed 
to by the committee, and so reported to the House. After report, 
the bill shall again be subject to be debated and amended by sec- 
tions before a question on its passage be taken. 

51. The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in a 
Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be applicable, 
except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the previous 
question. 



342 North Carolina Manual 

52. In a Committee of the Whole House a motion that the com- 
mittee rise shall always be in order, except when a member is 
speaking, and shall be decided without debate. 

53. Every bill shall be introduced by motion for suspension of 
the rules, or by order of the House, or on the report of a committee, 
unless introduced in regular order during the morning hour. 

54. All bills and resolutions shall be reported from the commit- 
tee to which referred, with such recommendations as the committee 
may desire to make. 

55. Every bill shall receive three readings in the House previous 
to its passage, and the Speaker shall give notice at each whether 
it be its first, second, or third reading. 

56. Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly 
endorse thereon the substance of the same. 

57. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a com- 
mittee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, 
then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 
given in the House, on motion supported by a vote of % of the 
Members present and voting, recall the same from the committee 
to the floor of the House for consideration and such action thereon 
as a majority of the Members present may direct. 

58. The Clerk of the House shall keep a separate calendar of 
the public, local, and private bills, and shall number them in the 
order in which they are introduced, and all bills shall be disposed 
of in the order they stand upon the Calendar; but the Coinmittee 
on Rules may at any time arrange the order of precedence in which 
bills may be considered. No bill shall be twice read on the same day 
without the concui-rence of % of the members. 

59. All resolutions which may grant money out of the Treasury, 
or such as shall be of public nature, shall be treated in all respects 
in a similar manner with public bills. 

fiO. The Clei'k of the House shall be deemed to continue in office 
until another is appointed. 

61. On the point of no quorum being raised, the doors shall be 
closed and there shall be a call of the House, and upon a call of 
the House the names of the members shall be called over by the 
Clerk and the absentees noted, after which the name of the ab- 
sentees shall again be called over. Those for whom no excuse or 
sufficient excuses are made may, by order of those present, if fifteen 



House of Representatives 343 

in number, be taken into custody as they appear, or may be sent 
for and taken into custody wherever to be found by special mes- 
senger appointed for that purpose. 

Previous Question 

62. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?" and, until it is decided, shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the 
bill, resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when 
amendments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such 
amendments, in inverse older, without further debate or amend- 
ment. If such question be decided in the negative, the main ques- 
tion shall be considered as remaining under debate : Provided, that 
no one shall move the previous question except the member sub- 
mitting the report on the bill or other matter under considei'ation, 
and the member introducing tlie bill or other matter under con- 
sideration, or the member in charge of the measuie, who shall be 
designated by the chairman of the committee reporting the same 
to the House at the time the bill or othei- matter under considera- 
tion is reported to the House or taken up for consideration. 

When a motion for the previous question is made, and pending 
the second thereto by a majority, debate shall cease; but if any 
member obtains the floor, he may move to lay the matter under 
considei'ation on the table, or move an adjournment, and when 
both or either of these motions are pending the question shall 
stand : 

(1) Previous question. 

(2) To adjourn. 

(3) To lay on the table. 

And then upon the main question, or amendments, or the mo- 
tion to postpone indefinitely, ])ostpone to a day certain, to commit, 
or amend, in order of their pi'ecedence, until the main question 
is reached or disposed of; but after the previous question has been 
called by a majority, no motion, or amendment, or debate shall be 
in order. 

All motions below the motions to lay on the table must be made 
prior to a motion for the previous question; but, pending and not 
after the second therefor, by the majority of the House, a motion 



344 North Carolina Manual 

to adjourn or lay on the table, or both, are in order. This consti- 
tutes the precedence of the motions to adjourn and lay on the 
table over other motions, in Rule 25. 

Motions stand as follows in order of precedence in Rule 26: 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit or amend. 

When the previous question is called, all motions below it fall, 
unless made prior to the call, and all motions above it fall after its 
second by a majority required. Pending the second, the motions 
to adjourn and lay on the table are in order, but not after a second. 
When in order and every moti-^n is before the House, the question 
stands as follows : 

Pi'evious question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone indefinitely. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit. 

Amendment to amendment. 

Amendment. 

Substitute. 

Bill. 

The previous question covers all other motions when seconded 
by a majority of the House, and proceeds by reg'ular graduation 
to the main question, without debate, amendment, or motion, until 
such question is reached or disposed of. 

63. All committees, other than the Committee on Appropria- 
tions, when favorably reporting any bill which carries an ap- 
propriation fi-om the State, shall indicate same in the report, and 
said bill shall be referred to the Committee on Appropriations for 
a further report before being acted upon by the House. All com- 
mittees, other than the Committee on Finance, w^hen favorably 
reporting any bill which in any way or manner raises revenue oi- 
levies a tax or authorizes the issue of bonds or notes, whether 
public, public-local, or private, shall indicate same in the report, 
and said bill shall be referred to the Committee on Finance for a 
further report before being acted upon by the House. 



House of Representatives 345 

64. The Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may appoint, 
with the approval of the Speaker, such assistants as may be neces- 
sary to the efficient discharge of the duties of their various offices, 
and one or more of whom may be assigned by the Speaker from the 
Principal Clerk's office to the office of the Attorney General for 
the purpose of drafting bills. 

65. The Speaker may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, a Chap- 
lain of the House, and he may also appoint ten pages to wait upon 
the sessions of the House, and when the pressure of business may 
require, he may appoint five additional pages. 

66. The Chairman of each of the following comomittees: Agri- 
culture, Appropriations, Banks and Banking, Conservation and 
Development, Constitutional Amendments, Counties, Cities and 
Towns, Courts and Judicial Districts, Education, Elections and 
Election Laws, Employment Security, Finance, Health, Higher 
Education, Insurance, Judiciary No. 1, Judiciary No. 2, Local Gov- 
ernment, Manufacturers and Labor, Mental Institutions, Militaiy 
Affairs, Propositions and Grievances, Public Utilities, Public Wel- 
fare, Roads and Highway Safety, Rules, Salaries and Fees, Sena- 
torial Districts, Veterans Legislation and Wildlife Resources may 
each appoint a clerk to the said Committee. The Leader of the 
minority party may be assigned a committee clerk with the ap- 
proval of the Speaker. All Committee Clerks heretofore provided 
for are to be appointed by and with the approval of the Speaker. 
With the exception of the Clerks appointed to the Appropriations 
and Finance, the Clerks to all the other above named committees, 
when not on duty with their specific committee shall report to and 
be under the supervision of the Principal Clerk of the House for 
assignment to special duty with other committees and to serve the 
convenience of the members of the House. 

67. The Chairman of all committees shall notify, or cause to 
be notified, the first named introducer on such bills as are set for 
hearing before their respective committees, the date, time and 
place of such hearing. 

68. That no clerk, laborer, or other person employed or ap- 
pointed under Rules 64, 65, and 66 hereof shall receive during such 
employment, appointment, or service any compensation from any 
department of the State Government, or from any other source, 
and there shall not be voted, paid or awarded any additional pay, 
bonus or gratuity to any of them, but said pei'sons shall receive 



12 



346 North Carolina Manual 

only the pay for such duties and services as now provided by law. 
When the House is not in session the pages shall be under the 
supervision of the Principal Clerk. 

69. The Chairman and five other members of any committee 
shall constitute a quorum of said committee for the transaction of 
business. 

70. The Committee on the Journal shall examine daily the 
Journal of the House before the hour of convening, and report 
after the ojiening of the House whether or not the proceedings of 
the previous day have been correctly recorded. 

71. When a bill shall be reported by a committee with a recom- 
mendation that it be not passed, but accompanied by a minority 
report, the question before the House shall be "The adoption of the 
minority report," and if failing to be adopted by a majority vote, 
the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. Such mi- 
nority report shall be signed by at least one-fourth of the members 
of the Committee who were present and voting when the bill was 
considered in Committee. In the event there is an unfavorable 
report with no minority report accompanying it, the bill shall be 
placed upon the unfavorable calendar. To take a bill from the un- 
favorable calendar, a % vote shall be necessary. 

72. A bill from the unfavorable calendar shall not be debatable, 
but the movant may make a brief and concise statement of the 
reasons for the motion before making the motion, taking not more 
than five minutes. 

73. Whenever a public bill is introduced seven carbon copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill, and any bill submitted without 
the required number of copies shall be immediately returned to the 
introducer. The Clerk shall stamp the copies with the number 
stamped upon the original bill. Such copies shall be daily de- 
livered to the joint committee hereafter provided for. The Clerk 
shall deliver the carbon copies of the bill designated to be printed, 
as hereinafter provided for, to the Public Printer and cause four 
hundred copies thereof to be printed. On the morning following 
the delivery of the printed copies, the Chief Clerk shall cause the 
chief page to have one copy thereof put upon the desk of each 
member and shall retain the other printed copies in his office. 
A sufficient number of the printed copies for the use of the com- 
mittee to which the bill is referred shall be by the chief page de- 
livered to the chairman or clerk of that committee. If the bill is 



House of Representatives 347 

passed, the remaining copies shall be by the chief page delivered 
to the Principal Clerk of the Senate for the use of the Senate. 
The cost of printing shall be paid from the contingent fund of 
the House of Representatives. The Chairman of the Rules Com- 
mittee of the House and the Chairman of the Rules Committee of 
the Senate shall appoint a sub-committee consisting of two mem- 
bers of the House and two members of the Senate from the body 
of the House and Senate, and such chairmen shall notify the Prin- 
cipal Clerk of the House and the Senate who has been so ap- 
pointed. Such sub-committee shall meet daily and examine the 
carbon copies of the public bills introduced and determine which 
of such bills shall be printed and which shall not, and stamp the 
copies accordingly. Such sub-committees shall serve for one week 
unless for good cause the chairmen of the respective rules com- 
mittees shall detennine otheiwise. If the member introducing a 
public bill, which the committee shall determine should not be 
printed, so desires, he may appear before the committee at the next 
meeting thereof with reference thereto. 

74. Whenever any resolution or bill is introduced a carbon copy 
thereof shall be attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall 
cause said carbon copy to be numbered as the original resolution 
or bill is numbered, and shall cause the same to be available at 
all times to the member introducing the same. In case the resolu- 
tion or bill is a public resolution or bill, an additional carbon copy 
shall also be attached thereto for the use of the Public Printer, 
under the provisions of Rule 66. 

ARTICLE II 

Constitution of North Carolina 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon poiver of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. 

The General Assembly shall not pass any local, private, or 
special act or resolution relating to the establishment of courts 
inferior to the Superior Court; relating to the appointment of 
justices of the peace; relating to health, sanitation, and the abate- 
ment of nuisances; changing the names of cities, towns, and town- 
ships; authorizing the laying out, opening, altering, maintaining, 
or discontinuing of highways, streets, or alleys; relating to ferries 



348 North Carolina Manual 

or bridges, relating to non-navigable streams, relating to ceme- 
teries; relating to the i)ay of jurors; erecting new townships, or 
changing township lines, or estaVjlishing or changing the line of 
school districts; remitting fines, penalties, and forfeitures, or re- 
funding moneys legally paid into the Public Treasury; regulating 
labor, trade, mining, or manufacturing; extending the time for 
the assessment or collection of taxes or otherwise relieving any col- 
lector of taxes from the due performance of his official duties or 
his sureties from liability; giving effect to informal wills and 
deeds; nor shall the General Assembly enact any such local, pri- 
vate, or special act by the partial repeal of a general law, but the 
General Assembly may at any time repeal local, private, or special 
laws enacted by it. Any local, private or special act or resolution 
passed in violation of the provisions of this section shall be void. 
The General Assembly shall have power to pass general laws 
regulating matters set out in this section. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE 
OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Alphabetically Arranged 

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE 

Chairman: Moore of Wilson 

Vice Chairmen. Allen of Granville 
Warren 

Messrs: Allen of Montgomery, Askew, Blue, Branch, Brown, 
Bryant, Carr, Clark of Bladen, Corey, Edwards, Falkner, Fisher 
of Cumberland, Floyd of Robeson, Forbes, Fountain, Fowler, 
Gillette, Goodman of Stanly (R), Gregory, Greene, Holmes, Kil- 
patrick, Kiser, Maddrey, Mills, Murphy, Palmer, Ramsey (R), 
Regan, Mrs. Rodenbough; Messrs: Satterfield, Scott, Smoot (R), 
Speight, Swindell, Taylor of Warren, Thomas, Vann, Venters, 
White of Lenoir, Whitehurst, Whitley, Wicker, Williams of Nash, 
Williamson, Winkler (R), Woodard, Worthington. 



House of Representatives 349 

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 

Chairman: Doughton 
Vice Chairmen: Venters 
O'Herron 

Messrs: Anderson (R), Atkins, Barnett, Brown, Bryant, Carr, 
Clark of Lincoln, Collier, Dean (R), Eller (R), Etheridge, Fisher 
of Transylvania (R), Floyd of Columbus, Forbes, Fowler, Gentry, 
Gobble, Goodman of Stanly (R), Greene, Gregory, Hargett, Hew- 
lett, Hicks, Holmes, Hunt, Johnson of Alexander (R), Kemp, Kil- 
patrick. Little, Maddi-ey, McKinney (R), Moore of Clay, Moore of 
Wilson, O'Hanlon, Palmer, Perkins, Philpott, Pittman, Randall, 
Regan, Rodman, Sanders, Sawyer, Shreve, Smoot (R), Speight, 
Stone, Swindell, Taylor of Warren, Thomas, Uzzell, White of 
Chowan, White of Lenoir, Whitley, Whitmire, Williams of Nash, 
Williamson, Wilson, Woolard, Young. 

COMMITTEE ON BANKS AND BANKING 

Chairman : Uzzell 
Vice Chairmen: Long 

Whitley 

Messrs: Allen of Montgomery, Barker, Blue, Brantley, Bryant, 
Clark of Bladen, Clark of Lincoln, Collier, Crissman, Doughton, 
Etheridge, Fisher of Transylvania (R), Hicks, Holmes, Jordan, 
Little, Mobley, Mooi-e of Clay, Moore of Wilson; Mrs. Roden- 
bough; Messrs: Rodman, Scott, Taylor of Warren, Venters, White 
of Lenoir, Whitehurst, Whitmire, Womble of Forsyth, Womble of 
Wake, Woodard, Woolard, Worthington. 

COMMITTEE ON COMMERCIAL FISHERIES 
AND OYSTER INDUSTRY 

Chairman: Swindell 

Vice Chairman: Williamson 

Messrs: Askew, Collier, Combs, Etheridge, Floyd of Robeson, 
Hargett, Hewlett, Holmes, Johnson of Currituck, Mobley, Murphy, 
Sawyer, Venters, White of Chowan, Whitehurst. 



350 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON COMMISSIONS AND 
INSTITUTIONS FOR THE BLIND 

Chairman : Williams of Nash 

Vice Chairman: Atkins 

Messrs: Barker, Fisher of Transylvania (R), Falls, Floyd of 
Columbus, Fountain, Gillette, Kiser, Kemp, Little, McKinney (R), 
O'Hanlon, Perkins, Quinn, Vann, Whitley, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

Chairman : Crissman 

Vice Chairman: Kiser 

Messrs: Askew, Atkins, Blue, Brown, Clark of Bladen, Collier, 
Etheridge, Falkner, Fountain, Gavin, Gregory, Hunt, Johnson of 
Alexander (R), Leinbach (R), Martin, Mauney, McKinney (R), 
Philpott, Powell, Ramsey (R) ; Mrs. Rodenbough; Messrs: San- 
ders, Sawyer, Taylor of Buncombe, Thomas, Turner, Young. 

COMMITTEE ON CONSERVATION 
AND DEVELOPMENT 

Chairman : Edwards 

Vice Chairman: Taylor of Warren 

Messrs: Allen of Granville, Allen of Montgomery, Barnett, 
Brown, Clark of Bladen, Coates, Collier, Combs, Corey, Crissman, 
Doughton, Etheridge, Falkner, Fisher of Transylvania (R), Foun- 
tain, Gentry, Goodman of Stanly (R), Hewlett, Hicks, Hunt, John- 
son of Alexander (R), Jordan, Kemp, Martin, Mauney, Mobley, 
Moore of Wilson, Murphy, O'Hanlon, Palmer, Perkins, Pou, Ram- 
sey (R), Randall; Mrs. Rodenbough; Messrs: Scott, Stone, Taylor 
of Buncombe, Umstead, Uzzell, Vernon, Whitehurst, Whitmire, 
Williamson, Winkler (R), Woodard, Worthington, Young. 



House of Representatives 351 

COMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL 
AMENDMENTS 

Chairman : Hewlett 

Vice Chairman: Taylor of Warren 

Messrs: Atkins, Bryant, Clark of Bladen, Falls, Hicks, Holmes, 
Jordan, Randall, Rodman, Scott, Shreve, Uzzell, White of Lenoir, 
Whitmire, Williams of Nash, Wilson, Womble of Forsyth, Worth- 
ington. 

COMMITTEE ON CORPORATIONS 

Chairman: Clark of Lincoln 

Vice Chairman: Floyd of Robeson 

Messrs: Crissman, Doughton, Falls, Gobble, Goodman of Meck- 
lenburg, Fisher of Transylvania (R), Hicks, Hewlett, Little, Pitt- 
man, Pou, Scott, Taylor of Buncombe, Uzzell, Womble of Forsyth, 
Womble of Wake, Worthington, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON COUNTIES, CITIES AND TOWNS 

Chairman: Holmes 

Vice Chairman: Scott 

Messrs: Askew, Barnett, Branch, Brantley, Collier, Falkner, 
Gobble, Hewlett, Hicks, Hunt, Johnson of Currituck, Jordan, Lein- 
bach (R), Mauney, Mills, Moore of Wilson, Murphy, O'Herron, 
Pou, Quinn, Swindell, Taylor of Warren, Warren of Caswell, 
White of Lenoir, Worthington, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON COURTS AND 
JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Chairman: Taylor of Buncombe 

Vice Chairman: Turner 

Messrs: Filer (R), Falls, Fisher of Transylvania (R), Good- 
man of Mecklenburg, Hewlett, Holmes, Jordan, Long, O'Hanlon, 
Regan, Rodman, Sanders, Shreve, Uzzell, Venters, Vernon, White 
of Chowan, White of Lenoir, Whitmire, Wilson, Womble of For- 
syth, Womble of Wake, Worthington, Yarborough. 



352 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON DRAINAGE 

Chairman : Combs 

Messrs: Askew, Etheridge, Floyd of Columbus, Forbes, Gregory, 
Hargett, Johnson of Currituck, Kilpatrick, Kiser, Mobley, Murphy, 
Sawyer, Speight, Swindell, Whitehurst, Woolard. 

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION 

Chairman: Maddrey 

Vice Chairman: Taylor of Buncombe 

Messrs: Anderson (R), Brown, Carr, Collier, Combs, Corey, 
Crissman, Dean (R), Bellinger, Edwards, Fisher of Transylvania 
(R), Fountain, Gentry, Goodman of Mecklenburg, Goodman of 
Stanly (R), Hargett, Hewlett, Holmes, Hunt, Johnson of Alex- 
ander (R), Kemp, Kilpatrick, Kiser, Leinbach (R), Moore of 
Wilson, O'Heron, Pittman, Pou, Quinn, Ramsey (R), Randall, 
Regan; Mrs. Rodenbough ; Messrs: Rodman, Sanders, Satterfield, 
Taylor of Warren, Thomas, Turner, Umstead, Warren, Whitmire, 
Womble of Wake, Woodard, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON ELECTIONS AND 
ELECTION LAWS 

Chairman: Etheridge 

Vice Chairman Falls 

Messrs: Atkins, Blue, Brantley, Brown, Gillette, Johnson of 
Alexander (R), Jordan, Leinbach (R), Martin, Mauney, Moore 
of Clay, Palmer, Perkins, Quinn, Rodman, Thomas, Turner, Uzzell, 
Vann, Vernon, White of Chowan, Whitmire, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT SECURITY 

Chairman: O'Herron 

Vice Chairman : Quinn 

Messrs: Barnett, Bryant, Clark of Lincoln, Edwards, Fisher of 
Cumberland, Falkner, Floyd of Columbus, Floyd of Robeson, 
Fountain, Goodman of Stanly (R), Hewlett, Hunt, Kemp, Moore 



House of Representatives 353 

of Wilson, Philpott, Randall, Rodman, Taylor of Warren, White of 
Lenoir, Whitehurst, Williams of Nash, Winkler (R), Womble of 
Wake, Worthington, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON ENGROSSED BILLS 

Chairman: Gobble 

Messrs. Anderson (R), Bryant, Coates, Eller (R), Forbes, Har- 
mon (R), Martin, Moore of Clay, Powell, Sawyer, Stone, Thomas, 
Wicker, Williamson. 

COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES OF HOUSE 

Chairman: Pittman 

Messrs: Allen of Granville, Atkins, Dean (R), Dellinger, Floyd 
of Robeson, Forbes, Fountain, Gavin (R), Gentry, Hargett, John- 
son of Alexandei- (R), Satterfield, Umstead, Vann, Wicker, Wink- 
ler (R), Woolard. 

COMMITTEE ON FEDERAL AND 
INTERSTATE COOPERATION 

Chairman: Floyd of Robeson 

Vice Chairman: Whitley 

Messrs: Crissman, Dean (R), Eller (R), Falls, Floyd of Co- 
lumbus, Gentry, Gillette, Hargett, Little, Pittman, Quinn, Mrs. 
Rodenbough, Messrs: Shreve, Taylor of Warren, Warren, Wil- 
liams of Nash, Williams of Yadkin (R), Womble of Wake. 

COMMITTEE ON FINANCE 

Chairman : Rodman 
Vice Chairmen: Uzzell 

Hewlett 

Messrs: Adams, Allen of Granville, Allen of Montgomery, As- 
kew, Barker, Blue, Branch, Brantley, Clark of Bladen, Coates, 
Combs, Corey, Crissman, Dellinger, Doughton, Edwards, Falkner, 
Falls, Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd of Robeson, Fountain, Gavin 



354 North Carolina Manual 

(R), Gillette, Goodman of Mecklenburg, Harmon (R), Johnson of 
Currituck, Jordan, Kiser, Leinbach (R), Long, Martin, Mauney, 
Mills, Mobley, Moore of Wilson, Murphy, O'Herron, Pou, Powell, 
Quinn, Ramsey; Mrs. Rodenbough; Messrs: Satterfield, Scott, 
Taylor of Buncombe, Turner, Umstead, Vann, Venters, Vernon, 
Warren, Whitehurst, Wicker, Williams of Yadkin (R), Winkler 
(R), Womble of Forsyth, Womble of Wake, Woodard, Worthington, 
Yarborough. ,, 

COMMITTEE ON HEALTH 

Chairman: Venters 

Vice Chairmen: Dr. Young 

Bryant 

Messrs: Adams, Anderson (R), Askew, Barnett, Barker, Clark 
of Lincoln, Coates, Combs, Corey, Eller (R), Fisher of Cumber- 
land, Fisher of Transylvania (R), Floyd of Robeson, Gentry, Gil- 
lette, Gobble, Hicks, Johnson of Currituck, Kemp, Kilpatrick, Mc- 
Kinney (R), Mobley, Moore of Clay, Perkins, Philpott, Powell, 
Quinn, Scott, Thomas, Uzzell, Warren, White of Chowan, Wilson, 
Woolard. 

COMMITTEE ON HIGHER EDUCATION 

Chairman: Barker 

Vice Chairman: Williams of Nash 

Messrs: Atkins, Barnett, Carr, Doughton, Edwards, Etheridge, 
Falls, Hicks, Jordan, Kiser, Maddrey, Murphy, Mrs, Rodenbough, 
Messrs: Sawyer, Shreve, Turner, Umstead, Whitehurst, Williams 
of Yadkin (R), Winkler (R), Woodard, Young. 

COMMITTEE ON INSTITUTIONS FOR THE DEAF 

Chairman: Brantley 

Messrs: Adams, Allen of Granville, Anderson, Atkins, Coates, 
Eller (R), Floyd of Columbus, Fowler, Gavin (R), Gillette, Har- 
gett, Moore of Clay, Murphy, Ramsey (R) ; Mrs. Rodenbough; 
Messrs: Sanders, Speight, Swindell, Vernon, Warren, Whitley, 
Young. 



House op Representatives 355 

COMMITTEE ON INSURANCE 

Chairman: Pou 

Vice Chairman: Goodman of Mecklenburg' 

Messrs: Askew, Barnett, Carr, Clark of Lincoln, Crissman, Del- 
linger, Floyd of Columbus, Gavin (R), Gregory, Greene, Hunt, 
Jordan, Little, Long, Mauney, Mills, Mobley, O'Herron, Palmer, 
Philpott, Randall, Smoot (R), Stone, Taylor of Buncombe, Um- 
stead, Uzzell, Vernon, Warren, White of Lenoir, Whitley, Wilson, 
Womble of Forsyth. 

COMMITTEE ON JOURNAL 

Chairman: Moore of Clay 

Messrs: Adams, Askew, Coates, Corey, Dean (R), Fisher of 
Cumberland, Harmon (R), Johnson of Currituck, Kiser, Maddrey, 
Powell, Ramsey (R), Sawyer, Shreve, Smoot (R), Speight, Vann, 
Wilson, Woolard. 

COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY NO. 1 

Chairman : Whitmire 

Vice Chairman : Shreve 

Messrs: Atkins, Dellinger, Fisher of Transylvania (R), Floyd 
of Robeson, Goodman of Mecklenburg, Hewlett, Holmes, Jordan, 
Long, Pittman, Rodman, Sanders, Turner, Williams of Yadkin 
(R), Wilson, Womble of Forsyth, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY NO. 2 

Chairman: Worthington 

Vice Chairman: Clark of Lincoln 

Messrs: Barker, Branch, Crissman, Falls, Fountain, Gavin (R), 
Moore of Wilson, Regan, Satterfield, Taylor of Buncombe, Taylor 
of Warren, Uzzell, Venters, Vernon, White of Chowan, White of 
Lenoir, Whitley, Womble of Wake. 



356 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON JUSTICES OF THE PEACE 

Chairman : Gregory 

Messrs: Combs, Goodman of Stanly (R), Harmon (R), Kiser, 
Martin, McKinney (R), Moore of Clay, Pittman, Shreve, Smoot 
(R), Swindell, Woodard. 

COMMITTEE ON MANUFACTURERS AND LABOR 

Chairman: Little 

Vice Chairman: Gentry 

Messrs: Allen of Montgomery, Barnett, Brown, Bryant, Carr, 
Clark of Bladen, Clark of Lincoln, Doughton, Eller (R), Falls, 
Fisher of Transylvania (R), Forbes, Gentry, Gobble, Greene, Hunt, 
Kemp, Mauney, Mills, O'Herron, Palmer, Philpott, Powell, Quinn, 
Randall, Regan, Rodman, Scott, Taylor of Warren, Venters, Whit- 
mire, Williams of Nash, Woodard, Worthington, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

Chairman : Regan 

Vice Chairman: Powell 

Messrs: Adams, Allen of Montgomery, Blue, Carr, Clark of 
Lincoln, Coates, Crissman, Dean (R), Eller (R), Fisher of Cum- 
berland, Fisher of Transylvania (R), Floyd of Robeson, Forbes, 
Gavin (R), Goodman of Mecklenburg, Harmon (R), Kemp, Kil- 
patrick, Long, Maddrey, Martin, Mills, Mobley, O'Hanlon, Pittman, 
Sanders, Sawyer, Shreve, Speight, Thomas, Vann, Warren, Wicker, 
Williams of Yadkin (R), Williamson, Wilson, Womble of Forsyth, 
Woodard, Young. 

COMMITTEE ON MENTAL INSTITUTIONS 

Chairman: Umstead 

Vice Chairman: Kilpatrick 

Messrs: Adams, Allen of Granville, Anderson (R), Barker, 
Barnett, Blue, Branch, Coates, Crissman, Dean (R), Falls, Gil- 
lette, Gregory, Holmes, Hunt, Kemp, Leinbach (R), Maddrey, 



House of Representatives 357 

Mauney, Mobley, Murphy, O'Hanlon, O'Herron, Palmer, Perkins, 
Philpott, Pou, Quinn, Ramsey (R), Vernon, Warren, White of Le- 
noir, Whitley, Womble of Wake, Young. 

COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS 

Chairman: Yarborough 

Vice Chairman: Sanders 

Messrs: Allen of Montgomery, Branch, Bryant, Kiser, Mauney, 
Mills, Pittman, Pou, Powell, Turner, White of Chowan, White of 
Lenoir, Whitley, Wicker, Womble of Forsyth. 

COMMITTEE ON PENAL INSTITUTIONS 

Chairman: Kilpatrick 

Vice Chairmen: Regan 

Woolard 

Messrs: Adams, Atkins, Combs, Gentry, Hicks, Hunt, McKinney 
(R), Pou, Randall, Scott, Stone, Thomas, Umstead, Warren, White 
of Chowan, Williamson, Woolard. 

COMMITTEE ON PROPOSITIONS AND 
GRIEVANCES 

Chairman: Greene 

Vice Chairman: Johnson of Currituck 

Messrs : Askew, Combs, Floyd of Columbus, Forbes, Fountain, 
Gillette, Gobble, Gregoiy, Kilpatrick, Leinbach (R), Mills, Mobley, 
Rodman, Sanders, Venters, Warren, White of Lenoir, Williams of 
Nash, Williamson, Winkler (R), Womble of Wake, Woolard, 
Worthington. 



358 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC BUILDINGS 
AND GROUNDS 

Chairman : Askew 

Vice Chairman: Corey 

Messrs: Allen of Granville, Floyd of Robeson, Fountain, Greg- 
ory, Johnson of Alexander (R), Riser, McKinney (R), Moore of 
Clay; Mrs. Rodenbough; Messrs: Satterfield, Stone, Woodard. 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC UTILITIES 

Chairman: Falls 

Vice Chairman: Long 

Messrs: Barker, Branch, Brantley, Bryant, Clark of Lincoln, Dean 
(R), Fowler, Gavin (R), Harmon (R), Hewlett, Hunt, Kemp, Lit- 
tle, Mills, Moore of Wilson, O'Herron, Perkins, Pou, Quinn, Randall, 
Rodman, Scott, Taylor of Warren, Uzzell, Venters, Whitmire, Wil- 
liams of Nash, Womble of Forsyth, Womble of Wake, Worthing- 
ton, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WELFARE 

Chairman: Blue 

Vice Chairman: Scott 

Messrs: Allen of Granville, Allen of Montgomery, Anderson 
(R), Barnett, Clark of Bladen, Collier, Corey, Doughton, Falkner, 
Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd of Columbus, Floyd of Robeson, 
Fountain, Fowler, Goodman of Mecklenburg, Goodman of Stanly 
(R), Gregory, Hargett, Hewlett, Hicks, Holmes, Hunt, Johnson of 
Currituck, Kilpatrick, Riser, Leinbach (R), Little, Maddrey, 
Moore of Wilson, Philpott, Powell, Quinn, Regan; Mrs. Roden- 
bough; Messrs: Sanders, Sawyer, Speight, Venters, White of 
Chowan, Williamson, Winkler (R), Woodard, Woolard. 



House of Representatives 359 

COMMITTEE ON ROADS AND 
HIGHWAY SAFETY 

Chairman : Branch 

Vice Chairman: Edwards 

Messrs: Allen of Granville, Barker, Blue, Brantley, BroM^n, 
Bryant, Carr, Clark of Bladen, Clark of Lincoln, Coates, Dean 
(R), Doughton, Eller (R), Falkner, Falls, Floyd of Columbus, 
Fountain, Forbes, Fov^ler, Gillette, Gobble, Greene, Johnson of 
Curi-ituck, Little, Mauney, Mills, Mobley, Moore of Wilson, Mur- 
phy, O'Hanlon, O'Herron, Perkins, Philpott, Pou, Powell, Quinn, 
Regan, Scott, Swindell, Uzzell, Warren, Whitehurst, Whitmii-e, 
Wicker, Williams of Nash, Williams of Yadkin (R), Williamson, 
Womble of Forsyth, Woodard, Worthington, Young. 

COMMITTEE ON RULES 

Chairman : Womble of Wake 

Vice Chairman: Little 

Messrs: Askew, Barker, Branch, Brown, Bryant, Clark of 
Bladen, Doughton, Edwards, Falls, Fisher of Transylvania (R), 
Gobble, Goodman of Mecklenburg, Greene, Johnson of Currituck, 
Kemp, Leinbach (R), Quinn, Randall; Mrs. Rodenbough; Messrs: 
Swindell, Venters, Whitmire, Williams of Nash, Williamson, 
Worthington, Uzzell, Dr. Young. 

COMMITTEE ON SALARIES AND FEES 

Chairman: Woodard 

Vice Chairman: Collier 

Messrs: Adams, Brantley, Clark of Bladen, Combs, Dean (R), 
Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd of Robeson, Forbes, Gobble, Greg- 
ory, Harmon (R), Hewlett, Johnson of Alexander (R), Jordan, 
Maddrey, McKinney (R), Murphy, Perkins, Philpott, Scott, Smoot 
(R), Stone, Thomas, Warren, Williams of Yadkin (R), Wilson, 
Winkler (R). 



360 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

Chairman: Carr 

Vice Chairman: Brown 

Messrs: Branch, Brantley, Biyant, Clark of Lincoln, Falls, 
Floyd of Columbus, Gentry, Gobble, Greene, Hicks, Johnson of 
Currituck, Kemp, Little, Long, O'Hanlon, Palmer, Powell, Quinn, 
Regan, Taylor of Warren, Turner, Venters, White of Lenoir, Whit- 
mire, Worthington. 



COMMITTEE ON TEACHERS' AND STATE 
EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT 

Chairman: Turner 

Vice Chairman: Barker 

Messrs: Branch, Carr, Doughton, Falkner, Fisher of Transyl- 
vania (R), Hunt, Long, Maddrey, O'Herron, Philpott, Pittman, 
Randall, Rodman, Shreve, Taylor of Buncombe, Taylor of Warren, 
Umstead, Winkler (R), Womble of Forsyth, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON VETERANS LEGISLATION 

Chairman: Allen of Granville 

Vice Chairman: Pittman 

Messrs: Branch, Clark of Bladen, Clark of Lincoln, Coates, 
Fountain, Hewlett, Hicks, Little, Murphy, O'Herron, Pou, Quinn, 
Rodman, Stone, Taylor of Warren, Turner, Whitehurst, Whitley, 
Whitmire, Wilson, Womble of Forsyth. 

COMMITTEE ON WILDLIFE RESOURCES 

Chairman: Brown 

Vice Chairman: Bryant 

Messrs: Adams, Atkins, Barker, Blue, Branch, Brantley, Carr, 
Eller (R), Falkner. Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd of Robeson, 



House of Representatives 361 

Forbes, Fowler, Gentry, Gillette, Hargett, Harmon (R), Holmes, 
Hunt, Johnson of Currituck, Kilpatrick, Leinbach (R), Long, 
Moore of Clay, Philpott, Randall, Sanders, Satterfield, Sawyer, 
Smoot (R), Turner, Vann, Wai'ren, White of Chowan, White of 
Lenoir, Whitley, Wicker, Williams of Nash, "Williams of Yadkin 
(R), Wilson, Winkler (R). 

JOINT COMMITTEES 
ENROLLED BILLS 

Chairman: Bellinger 

Messrs: Adams, Allen of Montgomery, Anderson (R), Clark of 
Bladen, Combs, Corey, Dean (R), Eller (R), Forbes, Gregory, 
Hargett, Harmon (R), Johnson of Alexander (R), Kilpatrick, 
McKinney (R), Murphy, O'Hanlon, Perkins, Satterfield, Sawyer, 
Scott, Smoot (R), Speight, Vann, White of Chowan, Wicker, Wil- 
liams of Yadkin (R). 

COMMITTEE ON LIBRARY 

Chairman: Gentry 

Joint Committee 

Messrs: Adams, Anderson (R), Coates, Corey, Dean (R), Del- 
linger, Eller (R), Falkner, Fowler, Goodman of Stanly (R), Hai'- 
gett, Harmon (R), Johnson of Alexander (R), Riser, Maddrey, 
Martin, McKinney (R), Palmer, Ramsey (R), Satterfield, Stone, 
Thomas, Vann, Wicker, Williamson. 

COMMITTEE ON PRINTING 

Chairman: Warren 

Messrs: Blue, Dellinger, Fisher of Cumberland, Floyd of Robe- 
son, Gobble, Maddrey, Mauney, O'Hanlon, Satterfield, Scott, Shreve, 
Woolard. 



362 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON TRUSTEES 
OF THE UNIVERSITY 

Chairman: Fountain 

Vice Chairman: Floyd of Robeson 

Messrs: Allen of Granville, Barker, Barnett, Brown, Clark of 
Lincoln, Collier, Crissman, Dellinger, Doughton, Edwards, Foun- 
tain, Fowler, Greene, Hargett, Jordan, Kiser, Little, Long, Mad- 
drey, Moore of Wilson, O'Herron, Palmer, Pou, Quinn, Randall; 
Mrs. Rodenbough; Messrs: Rodman, Shreve, Taylor of Buncombe, 
Taylor of Warren, Turner, Umstead, Uzzell, Venters, Vernon, 
White of Chowan, White of Lenoir, Whitehurst, Whitley, Whit- 
mire, Wicker, Williams of Yadkin (R), Womble of Wake, Worth- 
ington and Yarborough. 



House of Representatives 36c 



SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1953 

NORTH CAROLINA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

County Name Address Seat 

A 1 amance (ieorge A. Long Burlington 66 

A\exander Fred \V. Johnson (R) Taylorsville 117 

Alleghany J. K. Doughton Stratford 2 

Anson Hal W. Little Wadesboro 18 

Ashe Todd H. Gentry West Jefferson 68 

Avery Roy A. Harmon (R) Elk Park 108 

Beaufort Wm. B. RoJman Washington 26 

Bertie J. A. Speight Windsor 56 

Bladen H. Manly Clark, Sr Elizabethtown 119 

Brunswick Odell Wilhamson Shallotte 51 

Buncombe John Y. Jordan, Jr Asheville 39 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 41 

Dr. John C. Young Asheville 40 

Burke Livingston Vernon Morgantoa Ill 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost, Jr Concord Speaker 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 27 

Caldwell John Anderson ( R) Lenoir 116 

Camden J. Wilbert Forbes Shawboro 114 

Carteret H. Earle Mobley Morehead City 86 

Caswell Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill 28 

Catawba Roy E. Leinbach, Jr. (R) Newton 107 

Chatham W'. Herman Scott Chapel Hill 96 

Cherokee Richard Mauney Murphy 67 

Chowan John F. White Edenton 113 

Clay H. M. Moore Havesville 95 

Cleveland B. T. Falls. Jr Shelbv 1 

Columbus W. F. Floyd Whitevilie 87 

Craven Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 79 

Cumberland Trov A. Fisher Fayetteville 98 

I. H. O'Hanlon Fayetteville 99 

Currituck E. R. Johnson Moyock 75 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 90 

Davidson H. Cloyd Philpott Lexington 45 

Davie J. N. Smoot (R) Mocksville 109 

Duplin Robert M. Carr \\'allace 83 

Durham Oscar G. Barker Durham 85 

Richard T. Sanders Durham 84 

Edgecombe Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount 91 

Forsyth F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 69 

Clarence E. Stone. Jr Belews Creek 71 

William F. Womble Winston-Salem 70 

Franklin Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 57 

Gaston Chas K. Bryant, Sr Gastonia 34 

David P. Dellinger Cherry ville 33 

Gates Allen E. Askew Gatesville 50 

Graham Wayne Adams Robbinsville 72 

Granville Thomas W. Allen Creedmoor 36 

Greene A. C. Edwards Hookerton 17 

Guilford Walter E. Crissman High Point 30 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr. Greensboro 31 

Clyde A. Shreve Summerfield 32 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 29 

Halifax Joseph Branch Enfield 63 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angier 20 

Haywood Joe H. Palmer Clyde 62 

Henderson R. Lee Whitraire Hendersonville 4 

Hertford C. Gordon Maddrey Ahoskie 89 

Hoke Harry A. Greene Raeford 3 

Hyde Russell A. Swindell Swan Quarter 78 




o» 


o 


V— « 


OJ 




If) 


<o 


(O 


<o 


!) 


o> 


o 




OJ 




<M 


ro 


ro 


CO 
















CM 


— 


o 


o> 




CO 


in 
ro 


ro 


ro 
ro 



House of Representatives 365 



County Name Address 

Iredell George W. Randall Mooresville 6 * 

Jackson Frank H. Brown, Jr Cullowhee Il2 

Johnston Roy C. Coates Smithfield 8" 

C. Blake Thomas Smithfield gl 

Jones John M. Hargett Trenton 92 

Lee J. Shelton Wicker Sanford 88 

Lenoir Thomas J. White Kinstoii 46 

Lincoln Da^id Clark Lincolnton 64 

Macon Walter Dean (R) Franklin 94 

Madison R. R. Ramsey (R) Walnut llO 

Martin A. Corey Jamesville 105 

McDowell S. R. Perkins Marion Il5 

Mecklenburg Charley Gillette Charlotte 23 

Arthur Goodman Charlotte 2l 

E. L. Hicks Charlotte 22 

E. M. O'Herron, Jr Charlotte 24 

Mitchell Brown McKhmey (R) Bakersville 104 

Montgomery John L. Allen Troy 43 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 16 

Nash Tom A. Williams Battleboro 54 

New Hanover Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 55 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conway 58 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 25 

Orange J. W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 97 

Pamlico T. J. Collier Bayboro 5 

Pas(4U0tank Bascom Sawyer EUzabeth City 60 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 49 

Perquimans Carroll R. Holmes Hertford 8 

Person B. L Satterfield Timberlake 19 

Pitt Frank M. Kilpatrick Ayden 7 

Sam 0. Worthington Greenville 6 

Polk R. E. Brantley Trvon 15 

Randolph W. Ed. Gavin (R) Asheboro 103 

Richmond James H. Pittman Rockingham 82 

Robeson F. Wayland Floyd Fairmont 48 

John B, Regan St. Pauls 47 

Rockingham Radford G. Powell Reidsville 44 

Rowan W. H. Barnett Spencer 14 

Geo. R. LTzzell Salisbury 13 

Rutherford Geo. H. Mills Rutherfordton 62 

Sampson P. R. Vann Clinton 61 

Scotland Roger C. Kiser Laurinburg S3 

Stanly Spencer B. Goodman (R) Richfield 100 

Stokes Grace Taylor Rodenbough Walnut Cove 42 

Surry Joe Fowler, Jr Mt. Airy 89 

Swain Wallace W. Martin Bryson City 118 

Transylvania Ralph R. Fisher (R) Brevard 9 

Tyrrell Lewis L. Combs Columbia 76 

Union Henry H. Wilson, Jr Monroe 73 

Vance E. 0. Falkner Hender.son 35 

Wake Edwin S. Pou Raleigh 11 

Philip R. Whitley Wendell 12 

W. Brantley Womble Gary 10 

Warren William W. Taylor, Jr Warren ton 38 

Washington W.J. Woolard Plymouth 77 

Watauga William L. Winkler (R) Boone 93 

Wayne W. P. Kemp Goldsboro 74 

Wilkes H. P. Eller (R) N. Wilkesboro 102 

Wilson Larry L Moore, Jr Wilson 37 

Yadkin H. Smith WiUiams (R) Yadkinville 101 

Yancey Bill Atkins Burnsville 106 



PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 




William Bradley Umstead 
Governor 



Biographical Sketches 

EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS 

WILLIAM BRADLEY UMSTEAD 

GOVERNOR 

(Elected by the People) 

William Bradley Umstead, Democrat, of Durham, North Caro- 
lina, was born in the northern part of Durham County, May 13, 
1895, the son of John W. and Lulie Lunsford Umstead. Attended 
the County public schools, 1902-1911; Durham High School, 1911- 
1912; University of North Carolina, 1912-1916, A. B. Degree. 
Taught school at Kinston, 1916-1917. Entered fiist training camp 
at Ft. Oglethorpe, May, 1917, and served during First World War 
as a Lieutenant in the 317th Machine Gun Battalion, 81st Divi- 
sion, with service overseas. Studied law at Trinity College (now 
Duke University) 1919-1921. Admitted to the Bar in 1920 and 
began practicing in Durham, North Carolina, July 1, 1921. Prose- 
cuting Attorney, Durham County Recorder's Court, 1922-1926. 
Solicitor, 10th Judicial District, 1927-1933. Elected to 73rd Con- 
gress as Representative of the Sixth North Carolina Congressional 
District in 1932. Re-elected in 1934 and 1936, retiring voluntarily 
at end of third term. Returned to Durham and resumed the pi'ac- 
tice of law. State Campaign Manager for R. Gregg Cherry in 
1944. Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee, 
1944-1947, and conducted the State Campaigns in 1944 and 1946. 
Appointed to the United States Senate by Governor R. Gregg 
Chei-ry on December 18, 1946, for the unexpired term of Senator 
Josiah W. Bailey and served to December 30, 1948. Returned to 
Durham and resumed the practice of law. Delegate at Large to 
National Democratic Convention in Philadelphia in 1948. Nomi- 
nated as Democratic candidate for Governor of North Carolina 
on May 31, 1952, and elected Governor on November 4, 1952. 
Member of Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion. 
Sei'ved as Commander of Durham Legion Post No. 7 for seven 
years. Served as Chaiiman of the Durham Chapter of the Ameri- 
can Red Cross, as member of Board of Directors of Durham Cham- 
ber of Commerce, and as member of the Durham County and City 

369 



370 North Carolina Manual 

Boaid of Health. Served as Appeal Agent for Draft Board No. 1, 
Durham, N. C, for three and one-half years during World War 
II. Served as Chairman of the State Council for National Defense, 
1943-1944. Mason. Past President of Durham Lions Club. Past 
President of Alumni Association of the University of North Caro- 
lina at Chapel Hill. Member of Board of Trustees of the Consoli- 
dated University of North Carolina since 194.5. Member of Durham 
County, State and American Bar Associations. Membei' of Trinity 
and Mt. Tabor Methodist Churches, and served as Chairman of 
Board of Stewards of Trinity Church for four years. Married 
Miss Merle D. Davis of Rutherford County in 1929. One daughter. 
Merle Bradley Umstead. Address: Durham, N. C. 

THAD EURE 

secretary of state 
(Elected by the People) 

Thad Eure, Democrat, of Hertfoi'd County, was born November 
15, 1899, in Gates County, N. C. Son of Tazewell A. and Armecia 
(Langstun) Eure. Attended Gatesville High School, 1913-1917; 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1919; University Law School, 
1921-1922. Lawyer. Past member. North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina State Bar, and Hertford County Bar Associa- 
tion. Mayor of Winton, 1923-1928. County attorney for Hertford 
County, 1923-1931. Member of General Assembly of 1929, repre- 
senting Hertford County. Principal Clerk of the House of Rep- 
resentatives, Sessions of 1931, 1933, 1935, and Extra Session, 1936. 
Presidential Elector First District of North Carolina, 1932. 
Escheats Agent, University of North Carolina, 1933-1936. Elected 
Secretary of State in the General Election of November 3, 1936, 
and assumed duties of the office December 21, 1936, by virtue of 
executive appointment, ten days prior to the commencement of 
Constitutional term, on account of a vacancy that then occurred. 
Re-elected Secretary of State in General Elections of 1940, 1944, 
1948 and 1952. President, Ahoskie Kiwanis Club, 1927. Theta Chi 
Fraternity; Junior Order; B.P.O. Elks; President, N. C. Elks 
Association, 1946; T. P. A.; Member Board of Trustees, Elon Col- 
lege; President Elon College Foundation; American Legion, Forty 
and Eight; President, National Association of Secretaries of State, 
1942. Keynote speaker. Democratic State Convention, 1950. Con- 



Biographical Sketches 371 

gregational Christian Church. Married Miss Minta Banks of Win- 
ton, N. C, November 15, 1924. Of this union there are two chil- 
dren, a daughter and a son, Mrs. J. Norman Black, Jr., and Thad 
Eure, Jr. Legal residence, Hertford County, N. C. Official ad- 
dress: State Capitol, Raleigh. 

HENRY LEE BRIDGES 

STATE AUDITOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Henry Lee Bridges, Democrat, was born in Franklin County, 
N. C, June 10, 1907. Son of John Joseph and Ida Loraine (Car- 
roll) Bridges. Attended Wakelon High School, 1914-1920; Wiley 
School, Raleigh, 1921; Wakelon High School, 1922; Millbrook High 
School, 1923-1925; Mars Hill Junior College, A.B. Degree, 1929; 
Wake Forest College, B.A. Degree 1931; Wake Forest Law School, 
1932-1933. Attorney-at-Law. Member of the Greensboro Bar Asso- 
ciation; N. C. State Bar. Deputy Clerk, Superior Court of Guil- 
ford County, August, 1935 - September, 1940; December, 1941- 
October, 1942; December, 1945 - June 1, 1946. (Break in dates 
caused by Military Service). Secretai^ and Treasurer, Guilford 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1933-1940. Member and 
Past Master of Greensboro Lodge No. 76 Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. Chorazin Chaptei- No. 13 Royal Arch Masons; 
Ivanhoe Commandery No. 8 Knights Templar; Sudan Temple 
A.A.O.N.M.S. Enlisted in National Guard May, 1934, as a Private; 
promoted to Sergeant February, 1935; commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant, June 18, 1935; commissioned First Lieutenant, November 
18, 1939; promoted to Captain, January 28, 1943; to Major on 
inactive status, January 17, 1947. Entered Federal Service, Sep- 
tember 16, 1940; released from active duty November 2, 1941; 
recalled to active duty October 7, 1942; relieved from active duty 
December 14, 1945. Veteran World War II, Post No. 53 American 
Legion Local; Local No. 506 Forty and Eight. Deacon, Hayes 
Barton Baptist Church; Member Board of Trustees Wake Forest 
College. Appointed State Auditor February 15, 1947; elected four- 
year term 1948; re-elected 1952. Married Miss Clarice Hines, 
December 12, 1936. Two children: Joseph Henry, age ten years; 
George Hines, age six years. Home address: 2618 Grant Ave., 
Raleigh, N. C. 



372 North Carolina Manual 

BRANDON P. HODGES 

STATE TREASURER 

(Elected by the People) 

Brandon P. Hodges, Democrat, born in Asheville, North Caro- 
lina, September 6, 1903. Son of Daniel Meri'itt and Clara (Pat- 
ton) Hodges. Attended city schools of Asheville, Porter Military 
Academy, 1919-21. University of North Carolina, January, 1922- 
June, 1923; Law School, 1923-24; Wake Forest Law School, Sep- 
tember, 1925 - February, 1926. Lawyer. Judge Pro-Tern Asheville 
Police Coui-t, 1927-30 ; Buncombe County Attorney, 1936-4G. Sena- 
tor in General Assembly of 1943 and 1945. Chairman Senate Com- 
mittee on Appropriations, 1945. Member Advisory Budget Com- 
mission, 1945-46. Executive Counsel to Governor Cherry, 1947 
General Assembly. Member Commission to revise Insurance Laws, 
1944-45. Chairman Board Trustees, Western Carolina Teachers 
College, 1947-48. Member State Education Commission, 1947-48. 
Former member of Buncombe County and State Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committees. Elected State Treasurer in the General Elec- 
tion of November 2, 1948; re-elected November 4, 1952. Mason. 
Sigma Chi Fraternity. Presbyterian. Married Genevive Hare. 
Children: Brandon P., Jr., and Sarah Jane. Home address: Ashe- 
ville, N. C. 

CHARLES FLSHER CARROLL 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

(Elected by the People) 

Charles Fisher Carroll, Democrat, was born in Warsaw, North 
Carolina, March 31, 1900, son of Charles Fisher and Agnes (Rob- 
inson) Carroll. Attended public schools of Warsaw, 1906-1915; 
Trinity Park School, 1915-1917; A. B. Trinity College, 1921; M.Ed. 
Duke University, 1930; LL.D. (Honorary) High Point College, 
1952. Teacher and coach of athletics Vance County Farm Life 
School, Middleburg, N. C, 1921-1922. Principal Buena Vista High 
School, R.F.D., Henderson, N. C, 1922-1923; Newport Consoli- 
dated School, Newport, N. C, 1923-1924 and 1925-1929; Long 
Creek-Grady School, Pender County, 1924-1925; Bryson City Ele- 
mentary and Swain County High Schools, Bryson City, N. C, 



ad Eure 
Secretary of State 

ienry L. Bridges 
State Auditor 

Brandon P. Hodges 

State Treasurer 



arles F. Carroll 

Superintendent of Public 
Instruction 



[larry McMullan 

Attorney General 

I L. Y. Ballentine 

Commissioner of Agriculture 



rrest H. Shuford 
(Commissioner of Labor 

iValdo C. Cheek 

Commissioner of Insurance 




State officials, who are elected by the people in addition to the Governor and Lieutenant 
Governor. The above officials constitute the Council of State with the exception of the Attorney 
General who is the legal adviser to the Executive Department. 



374 North Carolina Manual 

1929-1932. Superintendent Swain County Schools and Supervis- 
ing- Principal of Bryson City Elementary and Swain County Hip^h 
Schools, 1932-1937. Superintendent High Point City Schools, High 
Point, N. C, 1937 to August, 1952. State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction for North Carolina since August, 1952. Member North 
Carolina Education Association, National Education Association, 
American Association of School Administrators. Member N. C. 
High School Textbook Committee, 1936-1943; Member N. C. Com- 
mittee on Secondary Schools, Southern Association of Colleges 
and Secondary Schools, 1945-1950; Member N. C. Education Com- 
mission, 1947-1949 ; Former member Policies Committee of Super- 
intendents' Division of North Cai-olina Education Association. 
Chairman, Ex-Officio Board of Trustees of East Carolina College. 
Member, Ex-Officio Board of Ti-ustees of Greater University, North 
Carolina College, Agricultural and Technical College; Member of 
Board, Ex-Officio, of N. C. State Art Society, Library Commission 
of N. C, Local Government Employees' Retirement System, Teach- 
ers' and State Employees' Retirement System, N. C. Recreation 
Commission, The N. C. Symphony Society, Inc., President Associ- 
ated Public School System, 1951-1952. Member Advisory Commit- 
tee, School of Education, State College of Agriculture and Engi- 
neering of The University of North Carolina. Former State Di- 
rector of Rural Education of the Department of Rural Education 
of the National Education Association. Honorary member and 
past president of Rotary Club of High Point. Former member 
High Point Housing Authority, Parks and Recreation Commis- 
sion, Library Board, and former chairman of Budget Committee 
of High Point Community Chest. Mason. Member Beta Omega 
Sigma, Kappa Delta Pi, and Omicron Delta Kappa fraternities. 
Methodist. Former chairman of Board of Stewards in Bryson 
City Methodist Chui'ch and Wesley Memorial Church in High 
Point. Student Army Training Corps, 1918. Past Commander Ser- 
geant Freeman Post, American Legion. Coordinator of Civilian 
Defense, High Point, 1943-1945. Married Miss Nellie Jane Wynne 
of Williamston, N. C. One child, Charles, Jr. Address: Raleigh, 
N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 375 

LYNTON YATES BALLENTINE 

COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE 

(Elected by the People) 

Lynton Yates Ballentine, Democrat, was born at Varina, Wake 
County, N. C, April 6, 1899. Son of James Erastus and Lillian 
(Yates) Ballentine. Attended Oakwood and Cardenas Elementary 
Schools and Holly Springs High School, 1913-1917. Graduated 
from Wake Forest College in 1921 with an A.B. Degree, having 
specialized in political economy. Dairyman, farmer, and business- 
man. Member Wake County Board of Commissioners, 1926-1934. 
State Senator from the Thirteenth Senatorial District, 1937, 1939, 
1941, and 1943. Member Board of Agriculture, 1941-1944. Elected 
Lieutenant Governor November 7, 1944. Elected Chairman State 
Board of Education, 1945. Elected Commissioner of Agriculture, 
November 2, 1948; re-elected November 4, 1952. A charter mem- 
ber of the Fuquay Springs Post of the American Legion. Baptist. 
Address : Varina, N. C. 

FORREST HERMAN SHUFORD 

COMMISSIONER OF LABOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Forrest Herman Shuford, Democrat, was born in Cleveland 
County, N. C, June 3, 1897. Son of J. M. and Ella (Copeland) 
Shuford. Attended Public Schools of Cleveland County and gradu- 
ated from Piedmont High School, Lawndale, N. C. Attended Berea 
College, Berea, Kentucky; Textile School of North Carolina State 
College, Raleigh, N. C, and Duke University, Durham, N. C. 
Worked in textile mills in Rhode Island and in Gastonia, N. C, 
1921-1924. Principal of Ellenboro High School, 1924-1925; Spin- 
dale School, 1925-1926. Boys' Commissioner, City of High Point, 
High Point, N. C, 1925-1933. Appointed Chief Inspector of the 
Department of Labor in 1933 by Major A. L. Fletcher, Commis- 
sioner. Granted leave of absence from the Department of Labor 
to serve as N.R.A. Labor Compliance Officer for North Carolina, 
1934-1935. Appointed Commissioner of Labor by Governor Clyde 
R. Hoey, September 12, 1938. Elected to the office of Commissioner 
of Labor in the General Election November 8, 1938. Re-elected 



376 North Carolina Manual 

November 5, 1940; November 7, 1944; November 2, 1948, and No- 
vember 4, 1952. Member Society of Safety Engineers. Served in 
the Navy during World War I. Member American Legion since its 
organization; Past Commander of Andrew Jackson Post No. 87 of 
American Legion, High Point, N. C; La Society Des 40 Hommes 
et Chevau. Past President, North Carolina Conference for Social 
Service. Past President, International Association of Govern- 
mental Labor Officials. Appointed by President Franklin D. Roose- 
velt in 1944 as Advisor to Governmental Delegates to the Inter- 
national Labor Organization Conference in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, and appointed by President Harry S. Truman in 1947 as 
Advisor to Governmental Delegates to the International Labor Or- 
ganization Conference which met in Geneva, Switzerland. Member 
President's Committee on Industrial Safety. Kiwanian. Episco- 
palian. Married Miss May Renfrow, of Hertford, N. C. Two chil- 
dren: Forrest Herman Shuford, II, and Harry Benjamin Shuford. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WALDO CLAYTON CHEEK 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 

(Elected by the People) 

Waldo Clayton Cheek, Democrat, was born in Moore County, 
North Carolina, September 28, 1912. Son of R. F. and Dora (How- 
ard) Cheek. Attended public schools of Moore and Randolph 
Counties, graduated Asheboro High School, 1931; Wake Forest 
College, A.B., 1934, LL.B., 1937. Engaged in law practice at Ashe- 
boro, North Carolina, 1937-1949; representative Connecticut Mu- 
tual Life Insurance Company in Asheboro, North Carolina, 1939- 

1949. Chairman, Randolph County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, 1948-1949. Appointed Commissioner of Insurance by Gov- 
ernor Scott June 13, 1949, to fill unexpired term of Honorable Wil- 
liam P. Hodges, resigned. Elected Commissioner of Insurance in 
the General Election November 7, 1950, re-elected November 4, 
1952. Awarded Chartered Life Underwriter designation December, 

1950. Member of Board of Law Enforcement Officers Benefit and 
Retirement Fund; member of Board of Trustees, Wake Forest 
College. Baptist. Mason. Married Miss Evelyn King June 2, 1939. 
One Child: Neal King Cheek. Address: Raleigh, North Carolina. 



Biographical Sketches 377 

HARRY McMULLAN 

ATTORNEY GENERAL 

(Elected by the People) 

Harry McMullan, Democrat, was born at Hertford, N. C, July 
23, 1884. Son of Dr. J. H. and Lina (Tucker) McMullan. At- 
tended Edenton Public Schools; LL.B., University of North Caro- 
lina, 1905; LL.D. (Honorary), University of North Carolina, 1946. 
Lawyer. Member D.K.E. and Gimghoul fraternities. Senator from 
the Second Senatorial District in the General Assembly of 1929. 
Engaged in practice at Washington, N. C, 1907 to 1933; County 
Attorney for Beaufort County, 1926 to 1933; Chairman North 
Carolina Industrial Commission, 1935-1936. North Carolina Bar 
Association. American Bar Association. Appointed Attorney Gen- 
eral by Governor Hoey April 30, 1938, to succeed Attorney Gen- 
eral A. A. F. Seawell upon his appointment to the Supreme Court; 
elected for the unexpired term of A. A. F. Seawell, November, 
1938 ; elected for full four-year term, November 5, 1940 ; re-elected 
November 7th, 1944, November 2, 1948, and November 4, 1952. 
Episcopalian. Married Miss Pattie M. Baugham of Washington, 
N. C, October 4, 1911. Four children. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

J. W. BEAN 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

J. W. Bean, Democrat, was born in Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 7, 1893. Son of 0. D. and Annie (Cornelison) Bean. 
Attended Montgomery County grammar and high schools; Ether 
Academy. Taught two years in a public school. Accepted a posi- 
tion with the Southern Railway as Clerk, 1916, at Spencer, N. C, 
and was promoted to various positions, including General Fore- 
man of Southern Railway Supply Department. Identified with 
several railroad organizations. Served as alderman and mayor 
pro tern of Town of Spencer, N. C. Chaii'man, Spencer School 
Board, 1928-1946. Served as Chairman of the Rowan County 
School Board Association and as Chairman of Spencer Precinct 
Democratic Executive Committee for a number of years. Secretary 
to Rowan County Democratic Executive Committee, 1928-1950. 



13 



378 North Carolina Manual 

Representative from Rowan County in the General Assembly of 
1933 and 1935. Secured leave-of-absence from the Southern Rail- 
way Company in 1935 for six months to help organize the North 
Carolina Works Progress Administration as State Director of 
Labor-Management and Relations. Appointed by Governor Hoey 
as a member of the North Carolina Manpower Commission. Ap- 
pointed by Governor Broughton as a member of the Selective 
Service Board of Appeals, District No. 6, serving for the dura- 
tion of the war. Appointed by Governor Cherry as a member of 
a nine-man committee to study the needs of Area Vocational 
Schools in North Carolina. Appointed by Governor Cherry in 
1945 to a one-year term 'on the North Carolina Medical Care 
Commission and i-e-appointed in 1946 for a four-year term. Ap- 
pointed North Carolina Industrial Commissioner by Governor 
Scott on April 1, 1949, to fill two-year unexpired term; reappointed 
on May 1, 1951, for full six-year term. Baptist. Married Miss 
Annie Stutts of Seagrove, N. C. Three children: two sons and 
one daughter. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

CARRIE L. BROUGHTON 

STATE librarian 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Carrie L. Broughton, Democrat, was born in Wake County, Ra- 
leigh, N. C. Daughter of Needham B. and Caroline R. (Lougee) 
Broughton. Attended Raleigh Public Schools; Peace Junior Col- 
lege; North Carolina College for Women; Meredith College. Mem- 
ber American and North Carolina Library Associations; North 
Carolina Literary and Historical Association; Chairman Library 
Commission. Appointed Assistant State Librarian in 1902 and 
State Librarian in 1917. Baptist; active in church work. Address: 
125 Hawthorne Rd., Raleigh, N. C. 

GEORGE BRYAN CHERRY 

SUPERINTENDENT OF BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

(Appointed by Board of Public Buildings and Grounds) 

George Bryan Cherry, Democrat, was born in Windsor, N. C, 
January 10, 1901. Son of Solomon and Elizabeth Webb (Gray) 



Biographical Sketches 379 

Cherry. Attended Windsor High School, 1914-1917; North Caro- 
lina State College, B.E. degree in Civil Engineering, 1922. Direc- 
tor N. C. Society of Engineers; member and past President Ra- 
leigh Engineers Club. Past President Needham B. Broughton 
PTA and Raleigh Civic Council; Director N. C. State College 
Alumni Association, Wake County Tuberculosis Society and Wake 
County Crippled Children's Society; member and past President 
Raleigh Lions Club; member State, Employees Association; for- 
mer member Raleigh Paiking Advisory Committee and Wake 
County Democratic Executive Committee. Mason. Second Lieu- 
tenant U. S. Army Reserve, 1922-1927. Episcopalian; past Presi- 
dent Batte Men's Bible Class; former member of Vestry; former 
Director Brotherhood of Saint Andrew. Married Miss Winifred 
Eugenia Beddingfield, of Raleigh, N. C, January 9, 1924. Chil- 
dren: George Bryan Cherry, Jr. and Alexander Beddingfield 
Cherry. Address: 1916 Craig Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

CHRISTOPHER CRITTENDEN 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

(Appointed by the Executive Board of the Department) 

Christopher Crittenden, Democrat, was born in Wake Forest, 
N. C, December 1, 1902. Son of Charles Christopher and Ethel 
(Taylor) Crittenden. Attended Wake Forest Grammar and High 
Schools. A.B. Wake Forest College 1921 and A.M. in 1922; Yale 
University, Ph.D. 1930. Director State Department of Archives 
and History (formerly the State Historical Commission) since 
1935; Secretary State Literary and Historical Association since 
1935; Member American Historical and Southern Historical asso- 
ciations; President Society of American Archivists, 1946-1948; 
President American Association for State and Local History 
1940-1942; President Archeological Society of North Carolina, 
1948-1950; Secretary Board of Trustees, Olivia Raney Library; 
Member Executive Board, National Trust for Historic Pi'eserva- 
tion; Member Watauga Club. Principal Roxobel, N. C. Public 
School 1922-1923; Instructor in History, Yale University 1924- 
1925; University of North Carolina 1926-1929; Assistant Pi'ofes- 
sor of History, University of North Carolina 1930-1935. Author 
of North Carolina Newspapers before 1770; The Commerce of 



380 North Carolina Manual 

North Carolina 1763-1789; and various historical articles and 
book reviews. Editor The North Carolina Historical Review. 
Baptist. Married Miss Janet Quinlan of Waynesville, N. C, 1930. 
Three children: C, Jr., born 1933; Robert Hinton, born 1936; 
Ann Lane, born 1938. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

CLARENCE DeWITT DOUGLAS 

CONTROLLER STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

(Appointed by the State Board of Education with the 
approval of the Governor) 

Clarence DeWitt Douglas, Democrat, was born in Surry County, 
N. C, October 19, 1894. Son of Frances Bryan and Susan (Cock- 
erham) Douglas. Attended Fruitland Institute, 1910-1911; Bre- 
vard Institute, 1911-1915; A.B. Degree, Trinity College ( Duke 
University), 1920. Member North Carolina Education Association; 
American Association of School Administrators; Board of Trus- 
tees, Greensboro College; Raleigh History Club. Ass't. Director 
and Director Division of Auditing and Accounting in State School 
Commission and State Board of Education, 1939-1949. Controller, 
State Board of Education, September 9, 1949. Charter member of 
Raleigh Lions Club. Served in the U. S. Armed Forces, Hq. 156 
Field Artillery Brigade, 81st Division, Corporal, 1918-1919; Ameri- 
can Expeditionary Forces; discharged June 23, 1919. Methodist; 
Steward. Married Miss Mary Teresa Peacock of Salisbuiy, August 
25, 1931. Address: 2621 Dover Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

LOREN REED FISHER 

COMMISSIONER OF MOTOR VEHICLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Loren Reed Fisher, Democrat, was born in Matthews, N. C, 
March 4, 1902. Son of Philip Augusta and Carrie (Harkey) 
Fisher. Attended Lee County Schools; A. M. G. School, Manches- 
ter, England, November 1943 to September 1944. One of the nine 
original lieutenants of the North Carolina State Highway Patrol, 
1929; promoted to Captain, August 1937, resigning to enter mili- 
tary service, December 31, 1943. Director, Highway Safety Divi- 



Biographical Sketches 381 

sion, N. C. Department of Motor Vehicles, July 1, 195n-June 30, 
1951; Director, Malt Beverage Division, Alcoholic Board of Con- 
trol, July 1, 19.51-June 14, 1952. Captain, United States Army, 
December 19, 1943 to June 1, 1945; Major, June 1, 1945 to May 
15, 1946. Executive Aide to Twenty-one Judges on Military Tri- 
bunal at Nuremburg-, Germany, November, 1946-December 1, 1947. 
Shriner; Elk; American Legion-40 and 8; Chef-de-gar, 40 and 8 
Voiture-620, April 1, 1951-ApriI 1, 1952. Baptist. Married Miss 
Mabel Rogers, of Raleigh, N. C, May 5, 1922. Address: New 
Durham Highway, Raleigh, N. C. 



ANNA ELIZABETH HOUSE 

SECRETARY AND DIRECTOR, NORTH CAROLINA LIBRARY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the North Carolina Library Commission) 

Anna Elizabeth House, Democi'at, was born in Robersonville, 
N. C. February 2, 1916. Daughter of Thomas Lawrence and Susan 
Elizabeth (Mizell) House. Attended Keel's School, 1921-1927; 
Robersonville Public School, 1927-1931; Atlantic Christian Col- 
lege, A.B., 1936; School of Library Science, George Peabody Col- 
lege for Teachers, B.S. in Library Science, 1938. Member Ameri- 
can Library Association ; Southeastern Library Association ; North 
Carolina Library Association; North Carolina Literary and His- 
torical Association; Adult Education Association of America; Re- 
source-Use Education Commission; Advisory Committee, Recre- 
ation Commission; North Carolina Family Life Council. Member 
Raleigh Woman's Club. Disciples of Christ. Address: Raleigh, 
N. C. 

FRED C. HUNTER 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Fred C. Hunter, Democrat, was born in Mecklenburg County, 
N. C, April 14, 1884. Son of J. G. Mc. and Jane E. Hunter. At- 
tended public schools of Mecklenburg County; Bethany High 
School, Clover, S. C, 1904-1906; Muskingum College, New Con- 
cord, Ohio, 1906-1908; A.B. University of North Carolina, 1911; 
LL.B. Washington and Lee University, 1915. Judge Mecklen- 



382 North Carolina Manual 

bur.t;- County Recorder's Court 1980-1938. President Mecklen- 
burg County Bar Association 1938. Appointed Utilities Commis- 
sioner by Governor Broughton, 1941, for term of two years; reap- 
pointed by Governor Broughton, 1943, for term of six years; re- 
appointed by Governor Scott, 1949, for term of six years. Bach- 
elor. Presbyterian. Address: Raleigh, N. C. Permanent address: 
Route 10, Charlotte, N. C. 

J. FRANK HUSKINS 

chairman north CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

J. Frank Huskins, Democrat, was born in Toledo, N. C, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1911. Son of Joseph Erwin and Mary Etta (Peterson) 
Huskins. Attended public schools of Yancey County; Yancey Col- 
legiate Institute and Burnsville High School, 1923-1927; Mars Hill 
College, 1927-1929; University of North Carolina, 1929-1930, A.B. 
Degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1930-1932; 
Licensed to practice in North Carolina, August 22, 1932 ; admitted 
to practice in Federal Courts, 1933. Lawyer. Member, 18th Dis- 
trict Bar Association; Vice-President, 1940-1941; North Carolina 
Bar Association; Yancey County Bar Association. Attorney for 
Home Owners' Loan Corporation, 1933-1935. Mayor, Town of 
Burnsville, 1939-1942, resigning in middle of second term to accept 
commission in U. S. Navy. Served in United States Navy from 
July 10, 1942 to February 18, 1946; Lieutenant Commander in 
United States Naval Reserve at present time. Member of the 
American Legion; Lions Club; Burnsville Men's Club. Represent- 
ative in the General Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Baptist. Mar- 
ried Miss Mary Bailey, January 22, 1938. Permanent address: 
Burnsville, N. C. ; Official address : Raleigh, N C. 

JOSHUA STUART JAMES 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Joshua Stuart James, Democrat, was born in Maple Hill, Pender 
County, N. C, October 26, 1907. Son of Gibson and Annebelle 



Biographical Sketches 383 

(Murray) James. Attended the Public Schools of Pender County, 
1915-1923; Highland Spring School, Virginia 1924-1926; A.B., 
Maryville College, Tennessee, 1931; LL.B., University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1946. Lawyer and farmer. Member, New 
Hanover County, N. C. State, and North Carolina Bar Associations. 
Clerk Superior Court, Pender County, 1942-1944. Member, St. 
John's Lodge No. 1, Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, Wil- 
mington, N. C; Phi Delta Phi International Law Fraternity; Pi 
Kappa Delta National Honorary Forensic Fraternity. Corporal, 
Army Air Forces, World War IL Appointed to Commission April 
1949, by Governor Scott. Presbyterian. Married Miss Lalage 
Shull, September 16, 1932. Children: Genevieve; Richard; Mar- 
ion; Stuart. Permanent address: Wilmington, N. C. Official ad- 
dress: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM WRIGHT JONES 

COMMISSIONER OF BANKS 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 

William Wright Jones, Democrat, was born in Raleigh, N. C, 
April 21, 1903. Son of Charles Hinton and Beulah (Thompson) 
Jones. Attended Raleigh Public Schools, 1908-1919; accounting 
courses, Raleigh Business School and American Institute of Bank- 
ing. Associated with Commercial National Bank, Raleigh, 1919- 
1931; State Banking Department, 1933-1937. Organizer and Treas- 
urer, State Employees' Credit Union, 1937-1951. Honorary Life 
Member, State Employees Association. Managing Director, North 
Carolina Credit Union League, 1938-1939; Editor, League News. 
Member, Board of Trustees, Teachers and State Employees Retire- 
ment System, 1949-1951. Secretary-Treasurer, North Carolina 
Railroad, 1950-1951. Appointed Commissioner of Banks, April 14, 
1951. Member, National Association of Supervisors of State Banks. 
Member, Raleigh Lodge No. 500, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons; Raleigh Chapter No. 10, Royal Arch Masons; Enoch 
Council No. 5, Royal and Select Masters; Raleigh Commandery 
No. 4, Knight Templar; Thirty-second Degree Scottish Rite 
Mason, Wilmington Consistory; Shriner, Sudan Temple. Member, 
Capital Grange. Member, Christ Episcopal Church, Raleigh, N. C. 
Married Miss Ruth Florence Dorval of Bywood, Pennsylvania, 



;}84 North Carolina Manual 

June 2, 1924. Foiu' childieii: Charles Lawrence, William Wright, 
Jr., Ilonald Arthur, and Dorval Thompson Jones. Address: Ra- 
leigh, N. C. 

HENRY WATSON JORDAN 

chairman state highway and public works commission 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Henry Watson Jordan, Democrat, was boi'n at Ramseur, Au- 
gust 31, 1898. Son of Henry Harrison and Annie Elizabeth (Sel- 
lars) Jordan. Attended Rutherford College Preparatoiy School, 
1913-1915; Emory and Henry College; D.D.S. Emory University 
Dental School, 1919. Cotton Textile Manufacturer. Member County 
School Board of Gaston; County School Board of Randolph. Mem- 
ber of the State Highway and Public Works Commission, Sixth 
Division, 1945-1949. Sergeant, Student Army Training Corps; 
Commander, American Legion, 1922. Scottish Rite, York Rite 
Mason; Shriner (Oasis Temple). Member of Rotary Club, Presi- 
dent 1924; Master Masonic Lodge, 1924-1926. Methodist; Chair- 
man Board of Stewards, 1925-1940. Married Miss Mary Ruth 
Rankin, November 3, 1933. Three children: Henry H. Jordan, 2nd; 
Annie Rankin Jordan; Thomas Andrew Jordan. Address: Cedar 
Falls, N. C. 

HENRY E. KENDALL 

CHAIRMAN employment SECURITY COMMISSION 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Henry E. Kendall, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, August 
24, 1905. Son of Henry E. and Mary Whitelaw (Wiseman) Ken- 
dall. Attended Shelby Public schools; N. C. State College, 1922-26, 
B.S. degree in Civil Engineering. Member Pi Kappa Alpha; Theta 
Tau Engineering Fraternity; Tau Beta Pi (Scholastic) and Phi 
Ka]i})a Phi (Honor) fraternities. Engineer with Plumer Wiseman 
& Co., Danville, Va., 1926-30; Ass't. office manager Dibrell Bros, 
tobacconists, Shanghai, China, 1931-36; engineer N. C. State 
School Commission, Raleigh, N. C, 1937-42. Commissioned 1st 
Lt. Engineers Corps, U. S. Army, September 18, 1942; served 
twenty months in European Theatre Operations and eight months 



Biographical Sketches 385 

in Asiatic Pacific; separated with rank of Lt. Colonel, August 7, 
1946. Appointed Chairman, Unemployment Compensation Commis- 
sion (now Employment Security Commission) by Governor R. 
Gregg Cherry, July 1, 1946; reappointed by Governor W. Kerr 
Scott in 1949 for 4-year term. Member Lions Club; N. C. Society 
of Engineers; Raleigh Engineers Club; American Legion (mem- 
ber of State Administrative Committee 1950-54). Mason. Regis- 
tered Engineer. President General Alumni Association N. C. State 
College, 1949-50; Chairman Executive Committee Alumni Associ- 
ation, 1950-51. Vice-President Region III Interstate Conference of 
Employment Security Agencies 1950-52. Member Legislative Com- 
mittee same organization. Listed in Who's Who in the South and 
Southwest. Married Miss Eliza Katharine Kerr of Yanceyville, 
N. C. Presbyterian. Address: 2814 Exeter Circle, Raleigh, N. C. 

JOHN HALL MANNING 

THE ADJUTANT GENERAL 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

John Hall Manning, Democrat, was born in Durham, N. C, 
September 27, 1889. Son of James Smith and Julia Tate (Cain) 
Manning. Attended Durham High School, 1902-1905; University of 
North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 1909; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1911-1913. Former attorney at law. Member Wake 
County Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; National 
Guard Association of the United States. Assistant United States 
Attorney, 1934-1946; United States Attorney, Eastern District 
of North Carolina, 1946-1951. Member North Carolina National 
Guard, December 23, 1913 to August 16, 1919 and May 2, 1921 to 
September 30, 1951. Rank: Private; First Lieutenant, Januaiy 7, 
1914; Captain, April 7, 1914; Major, October 4, 1918; Lt. Colonel, 
May 2, 1921; Colonel, February 1, 1937; Major General of the 
Line, September 11, 1947. Retired, Major Genei'al, September 
30, 1951. Appointed Adjutant General of North Carolina, Octo- 
ber 1, 1951. Mason, Sudan Temple. Episcopalian. Maii'ied to Miss 
Jane Hildenbrand Stillman, Novembei- 23, 1920. Children: Jane 
Stillman Manning (Mrs. Charles A. McKenney, Ji'.) ; Richard de 
Yarmon Manning. Address: 2911 Fairview Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



386 North Carolina Manual 

EDWARD H. McMAHAN 

state utilities commissioner 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Edward H. McMahan, Democrat, was born in Yancey County, 
N. C, June 20, 1905. Son of William Hayes and Eva Mae (Riddle) 
McMahan. Attended Marion Elementary and High Schools, 1911- 
1923; Wake Forest College, 1923-1927, LL.B. Attorney at Law. 
Member, N. C. Bar Association; President, Local Bar Association, 
Transylvania County, 1946. President, Brevard Chamber of Com- 
merce, 1944-1945. State Director, North Carolina Merchants As- 
sociation, 1944-1949. Member, Loyal Order of Moose; Woodmen 
of the World. District Governor, District 31- A (Western North 
Carolina) Lions International, 1945-1946; Member, Board of Di- 
rectors, Lions International, 1948-1950. Methodist; Member of 
Board of Stewards, Brevard Methodist Church, 1943-1949; Super- 
intendent Young People's Department, 1941-1943. Married Miss 
Sarah Kathleen Jenkins, December 19, 1925. Two children: Ed- 
ward H. McMahan, Jr., age 26; Sarah Jaudon McMahan, age 22. 
Legal address: Brevard, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

JOHN WILLIAM ROY NORTON, M. D. 

secretary state board of health 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Board of Health 
with the approval of the Governor) 

John William Roy Norton, Democrat, was born in Scotland 
County, July 11, 1898. Son of Lafayette and lola Josephine (Reyn- 
olds) Norton. Attended Snead's Grove School, 1916-1920; A.B. 
Degree, Trinity College (Duke University) June 1920; one year's 
work in the Law School Trinity College, 1922-1923. Principal and 
athletic coach, Lumberton 1921-1922, Snead's Grove (Scotland 
Coi- 1923-1924. University of N. C. Medical School, Chapel 

-1926; Vanderbilt University Medical School, 1926-1928, 
e, 1928; interne at Heniy Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich., 
me 1929; member medical staff of the Henry Ford 
v 1929-June 1930; chief of the medical department 
■nic. Fort Smith, Arkansas, July 1930-August 1931. 



Biographical Sketches 387 

City Health Superintendent, Rocky Mount 1931-1935; Assistant Di- 
vision Director State Board of Health, 1936-1938; Professor Public 
Health Administration, University of North Carolina, 1938-1940. 
Member of the Wake County, Sixth District, and North Carolina 
Med«cal Societies; American and Southern Medical Association; 
Chairman Section on Public Health of SMA 1952-1953; North 
Carolina and American Public Health Associations. Fellow Ameri- 
can College of Physicians; Diplomate American Board of Pre- 
ventive Medicine and Public Health; Past Sec.-Treas. and Chi-mn. 
Section Public Health and Education and Military Service Com- 
mittee of N. C. Medical Society; Past Sec.-Treas. Nash-Edgecombe 
Counties Medical Society; Past Vice-President Fourth District 
Medical Society; Past Secretary-Treasurer N. C. Public Health 
Association; Governing Council Southern Branch American Pub- 
lic Health Association, and Chaimian Health Officers Section 1952; 
Chrmn. Subcommittee on Personnel Administration American Pub- 
lic Health Association; Chrmn. Subcommittee on Specialized Ex- 
penditures State and Territorial Health Officers' Association; Board 
of Directors Planned Parenthood Federation of America; Advisoiy 
Board N. C. Good Health Association; Exec. Com, N. C. Division 
American Cancer Society; Exec. Com. N. C. Social Hygiene So- 
ciety; Visiting Associate Professor Public Health, University of 
N. C. School of Public Health; Board of Directors N. C. Heart 
Association; Exec, Com. N. C. Mental Hygiene Society; Exec. 
Com. N. C. Health Council; Board of Directors N. C. Conference 
Social Service, President 1951; Medical Advisory Board, N. C. 
Military District; Medical Advisory Board Selective Service Sys- 
tem (N.C.); Member North Carolina Civil Defense Council; Board 
of Directors Dental Foundation of North Carolina; President N. C. 
Harvard Alumni Association 1952; Commander Capital City Post, 
American Legion 1952; listed in "Who's Who in America". Delta 
Omega and Sigma Xi Honorary Public Health and Scientific So- 
cieties. Scientific Exhibit medal (N. C. Medical Society) 1947. 
Reynolds Medal (N. C. Public Health Association) 1948. Woodmen 
of World; Mason. Delta Sigma Phi, Alpha Kappa Kappa, Sigma 
Nu Phi Fraternities. Author of Rabies Control; Diphtheria Con- 
trol; Observ^ations on 1948 Polio Epidemic in North Carolina; 
Planning a Public Health Program; A Mid-Century Review of 
Public Health Activities in North Carolina; Joint Responsibilities 
of Public Health and Private Practice; Public Health Aspects of 



388 North Carolina Manual 

Civil Defense; Looking Ahead for Health in North Carolina; 
Strengthening Local Health Departments — A Vital Security Need. 
Many articles in N. C. Health Bulletin. Private to Second Lieu- 
tenant of Field Artillery, 1918; Captain to Colonel in Medical 
Corps, 1940-1945; Medical Inspector Fort Bragg; Assistant Chief 
Preventive Medicine European Theater; Deputy Chief Hygiene 
Allied Force Headquarters; Medical Inspector Seventh Army; 
Director Epidemiology for Army; Chief Preventive Medicine Ninth 
Service Command. Awarded battle stars Tunisian and Sicilian 
Campaigns and Army Commendation Citation for service as Army 
Epidemiology Chief. Methodist; Steward, First Methodist Church, 
Rocky Mount, 1934-1985 and 1950— Edenton Street Church, Ra- 
leigh. Married Juanita Harris Ferguson, 1928. Three children: 
Geraldine, 23; Jean, 19; Lafayette Ferguson, 13. Address: 2129 
Cowper Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



JAMES WILLIAMS POWELL 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

(Appointed by the Attorney General) 

James Williams Powell, Democrat, was born in Laurens, S. C, 
August 24, 1909. Son of James W. and Tallulah (Caine) Powell. 
Attended public schools of New Hanover and Lenoir Counties; 
graduated from Cape Charles (Va.) High School, 1926; Virginia 
Militaiy Institute, Bachelor of Science Degree in Chemical Engi- 
neering, 1930. Also completed courses in following: Boyd Busi- 
ness School, Washington, D. C, 1932; Institute of Criminal Science, 
Washington, D. C, 1937; U. S. Army Counter-intelligence School, 
Chicago, 111., 1942; British School of Military Intelligence, Matlock, 
England, 1944. Member International Association of Chiefs of 
Police; International Association for the Detection of Deception; 
North Carolina Sheriffs' Association; Vice President N. C. Police 
Executives Association. Major, Military Intelligence Division, 
United States Army, 1942-1946; Major, 113th Field Artillery Bat- 
talion, 30th Division, N. C. National Guard, 1948-1951. Mason, 
Raleigh Lodge No. 500. Presbyterian. Married Miss Frances 
Shute of Monroe, N. C, March 26, 1938. One daughter, Kitty 
Tallulah Powell, age 13. Address: 3108 Lewis Farm Road, Raleigh, 
N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 389 

NEROS FREDERICK RANSDELL 

COMMISSIONER OF PAROLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Neros Frederick Ransdell, Democrat, was bom in Franklin 
County, N. C, September 19, 1903. Son of William C. and Mary 
(Dixon) Ransdell. Attended Sandhill Farm Life School, 1923-1927; 
Mars Hill College; Wake Forest College; Wake Forest Law School, 
1930-1933. President, Euthalian Literary Society, Mars Hill Col- 
lege, 1929; awarded improvement medal, 1928; Debater's medal, 
1929; Commencement Debater's medal, 1929, Inter-Collegiate De- 
bater, 1928-1929. Delegate from Wake County to National Farm 
Bureau Organization in Chicago, 111., 1944. Lawyer. Member 
Wake County Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar Associa- 
tion, Solicitor, Fuquay Springs Recorder's Court, 1934-1944. Rep- 
resentative from Wake County in the General Assembly of 1945 
and 1947. Chief Enrolling Clerk during 1949 Session of the General 
Assembly. Appointed Director of State Probation Commission by 
the North Carolina State Probation Commission and the Governor, 
January 21, 1950. Appointed Commissioner of Paroles for the 
State of North Carolina by Governor Scott, June 2, 1952. Ap- 
pointed a member of the North Carolina Probation Commission by 
Governor Scott, August 20, 1952. Member of Raleigh Elks Club, 
No. 734; Fuquay-Varina Lions Club. Presbyterian. One daughter: 
Sylvia Nan Ransdell. Address: Varina, N. C. 

GEORGE ROMULUS ROSS 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

George Romulus Ross, Democrat, was boi'n in Randolph County, 
May 22, 1888. Son of Romulus Rudolph and Rebecca Ellen (Mc- 
Culloch) Ross. Attended Asheboro Public Schools, 1895-1905; 
A. and M. College (now State College of Agriculture and Engi- 
neering), 1911, B.S. Degree in Agriculture. Member, Grange; 
Farm Bureau. Trustee of North Carolina State College, 1921- 
1926. President, State College Alumni Association, 1930-1931. 
Member of Governor Hoey's Education Commission (Vice-Chair- 



390 North Carolina Manual 

man), 1937-1938. Manager, farms and oi'chards in Moore and Rich- 
mond Counties, 1912-1924; Director, Division of Markets, N. C. 
Department of Agriculture, 1924-1929; Director of State-owned 
Farms, 1929-1934; Administrator, Rural Rehabilitation and Loan 
Administration, 1934-1937; Mai'keting Specialist, N. C. Department 
of Agriculture, 1938-1949. Mason. Representative in the General 
Assembly from Moore County, 1921, 1922, 1923, and 1924. Demo- 
cratic Elector from the 8th District, 1940. Presbyterian; Elder 
since 1944. Married Miss Margaret Charlotte Goley, February 25, 
1914. Two sons: George R. Ross, Jr.; William Goley Ross. Legal 
residence, Moore County, N. C. Home address: 1130 Harvey Street, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

ROBERT LYNCH SCOTT 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Robert Lynch Scott, Democrat, was born in Rocky Mount, N. C, 
January 10, 1919. Son of John M. and Mary Ethel (Cashwell) 
Scott. Attended Rocky Mount Graded Schools; University of 
North Carolina, 1935-1936; Wake Forest College, 1938-1939; Wake 
Forest Law School, 1939-1941, 1945-1946, LL.B. Degree, 1946; 
Law School, Duke University, 1946. Attorney. Member, William 
G. Hill Lodge No. 218, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. Served 
in the Army Air Forces from August, 1941 to December, 1945, 
being separated with rank of Captain. Baptist. Married Miss 
Marlowe Mosshart of Princeton, 111., 1945. Three daughters: Ja- 
mieson. Shannon and Robin. Address: 2913 Anderson Drive, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

EUGENE GUILFORD SHAW 

COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Eugene Guilford Shaw% Democrat, was born in Pittsburgh, Pa., 
April 2, 1899. Son of James Henry and Lillian (White) Shaw. 
Attended Greensboro High School, 1912-1917; Oak Ridge Military 
Institute, 1917-1918; University of North Carolina, 1920-1923; 
University of North Carolina Law School. Attorney at law. Tax 



Biographical Sketches 391 

administrator. Membei-, Greensboro Bar Association; N. C. Bar 
Association; American Bar Association; Executives Club; Greens- 
boro Real Estate Board; American Title Association. Past Presi- 
dent Bar Association of 12th Judicial District. Charter member 
and Past President, Guilford County Young Democratic Club. 
Former Secretary, Guilford County Board of Elections. Former 
Executive Vice-Chairman, Guilford County Democratic Executive 
Committee. Deputy Clerk of the Superior Court Guilford County, 
1923-1925. Public Administrator in Guilford County, 1942-1949. 
Seaman 2. c, U. S. Navy in World War I. Member, Corinthian 
Lodo-e No. 542 Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Past Master, 
1929-1930. Member Oasis Temple Ancient Arabic Order Nobles 
of the Mystic Shrine. Appointed Commissioner of Revenue on 
April 26, 1949 by Governor Kerr Scott. Trustee of Alumni Asso- 
ciation of Oak Ridge Military Institute; President of National 
Association of Tax Administrators, 1952-53 ; President of South- 
eastern States Association of Tax Officials, 1952-53; First Vice- 
President of Tax Institute, Incorporated, of Princeton, New Jer- 
sey, 1953. Presbyterian. Married Miss Alice Elizabeth Lindsay of 
Taylorsville, N. C, April 3, 1926. One son: Eugene Guilford 
Shaw, age 25. O. C. S. of U. S. Air Force. Address: 1616 Notting- 
ham Road, Greensboro, N. C. 



HARRY TRACY WESTCOTT 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Harry Ti'acy Westcott, Democrat, was born in Manteo, N. C, 
April 13, 1906. Son of George Thomas and Odessa (Tillett) West- 
cott. Attended Manteo Graded School, 1914-1920; Manteo High 
School, 1920-1924; North Carolina State College, R.S. Degree, 
1928. Attended and completed School of Transpoi'tation and Mar- 
keting conducted by the University of Chicago in cooperation 
with the U. S. Department of Agriculture in New York, 1938. 
President, Inspectors Association of America, 1941. Marketing 
Specialist, N. C. Depai'tment of Agriculture, 1936-1948. Adminis- 
trator, Federal Marketing Agreement and Order No. 81 States of 
N. C. and Virginia, 1948. Directoi' of Markets, State of North 
Carolina, 1948-1950. Appointed by Governor Scott as a member 



392 North Carolina Manual 

of the Utilities Commission, March 1, 1950. Reappointed for a term 
of six years, February 1, 1951. Methodist. Married Miss Helen 
Rankin of Gastonia, N. C, March 21, 1942. Two childi-en: Helen 
Rankin Westcott; Robert Thomas Westcott. Address: 1132 Har- 
vey Sti-eet, Raleigh, N. C. 

CHARLES MARSHALL WILLIAMS 

DIRECTOR DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Charles Marshall Williams, Democrat, was born in Clinton, S. C, 
May 21, 1903. Son of D. Marshall and Alice (Boyd) Williams. 
Graduated from High School, 1920; A.B., Wofford College. Chair- 
man, Board of County Commissioners of Alamance County, 1938- 
1946. Member, National Association of Purchasing Agents; Na- 
tional Institute of Governmental Purchasing Agents; National 
Association of State Purchasing Officials; The Carolinas-Virginia 
Purchasing Agents Association. Methodist. Married Miss Mary 
Johnson, September, 1930. One son: Roger Marshall Williams. 
Address: 2514 St. Marys Street, Raleigh, N. C, 



STANLEY WINBORNE 

CHAIRMAN STATE UTILITIES COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Stanley Winborne, Democrat, was born at Murfreesboro, N. C, 
August 25, 1886. Son of B. B. and Nellie (Vaughan) Winborne. 
Attended public schools; Dr. E. E. Parham's School, Murfrees- 
boro; University of North Carolina, 1907; Ph.B. Degree. Member 
of North Carolina Bar Association. Member of the North Caro- 
lina Society of the Cincinnati. Mason. Pi Kappa Alpha Frater- 
nity; Order of the Gorgan's Head. Kiwanis Club. Mayor, Mur- 
freesboro 1909-1910; County Attorney 1911-1914; Representative 
from Hertford County 1915-1919; Senator from First District 1921; 
Democratic nominee for Presidential Elector 1928. Appointed 
member of the Corporation Commission in Febi'uary 1930, by 
Governor Gardner; elected for unexpired teiTn in November 1930; 
re-elected for regular term 1932. Appointed Utilities Commis- 



Biographical Sketches 393 

sioner by Governor Ehringhaus, effective January 1, 1934; elected 
for four-year term in November 1934; re-elected November 8, 1938; 
made Chairman of present N. C. Utilities Commission by General 
Assembly 1941; reappointed Chairman by Governor Cherry, 1947. 
Methodist. Married Miss Frances Sharp Jernigan, April 17, 1912. 
Four sons, three daughters, nine grandsons and six grandaughters. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



DR. ELLEN WINSTON 

COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

(Appointed by the State Board of Public Welfare. Subject 
to approval by the Governor) 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Democrat, was born in Biyson City, N. C. 
Daughter of Stanley Warren and Marianna (Fischer) Black. At- 
tended Bryson City Public Schools; Converse College, Spartanburg, 
S. C, A.B.; Graduate work at N. C. State College and University of 
North Carolina; University of Chicago, M.A. ; Ph.D. Honorary 
L.H.D., Woman's College of University of North Carolina, 1948; 
Honorary L.L.D., Woman's College, 19.52. Appointed Commissioner 
of the State Board of Public Welfare, June 1, 1944. Member Ameri- 
can Sociological Society, American Public Welfare Association, Na- 
tional Conference of Social Work, North Carolina Conference for 
Social Service, North Carolina Mental Hygiene Society, American 
Association of University Women, Raleigh Business and Profes- 
sional Women's Club, Raleigh Woman's Club, and International 
Conference of Social Work. President State Legislative Council, 
1943-1944; Legislative Chairman State Federation of Women's 
Clubs, 1943-1944. International Relations Chairman, N. C. Branch 
American Association of University Women, 1943-1946. Chaii-man 
Administrative Board of State Nutrition Committee, 1947-1948. 
President, N. C. Conference for Social Service, 1948-1950. Head, 
Department of Sociology and Economics, Meredith College, 1940- 
1944. Consultant Federal Works Project Administration, 1939- 
1943. Consultant National Resources Planning Boai'd, 1940-1943. 
Consultant United States Office of Education, 1942-1944. Member 
Board of Directors, North Carolina Mental Hygiene Society, North 
Carolina Conference for Social Service, Mental Health Council, and 
Hospital for Treatment of Children Affected with Spastic Ailments. 



394 North Carolina Manual 

Chairman North Carolina Board of Eugenics. Ex-officio Member 
N. C. Medical Care Commission, State Recreation Commission, 
State Commission for the Blind, Prison Advisory Council, Advis- 
ory Board of Paroles, and State Board of Correction and Training. 
Member of Resource-Use Education Commission; Chairman, Policy 
Committee, American Public Welfare Association; Member, Fact- 
finding Committee, Midcentuiy White House Conference on Chil- 
dren and Youth 1948-1950; Member Slum Clearance Advisory Com- 
mittee, U. S. Housing and Home Finance Agency; Member, Execu- 
tive Committee, National Conference of Social Work, Listed in 
"Biographical Dii-ectory of American Scholars," "Who's Who in 
the American p]ducation," "Who's Who in the Western Hemis- 
phere," and "Who's Who in America." Co-author of "Seven Lean 
Years"; "The Plantation South, 1934-1937"; "Foundations of Amer- 
ican Population Policy." Author of numerous articles dealing with 
social and economic problems. Formerly special technical editor 
National Economic and Social Planning Association and for the 
Carnegie Corporation of New York. Presbyterian. Married Dr. 
Sanford Richard Winston. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

HENRY ALTON WOOD 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, N. C. STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Henry Alton Wood, Democrat, was born in Lincolnton, N. C, 
September 7, 1904. Son of John Henry and Ella (Heavner) Wood. 
Attended Valle Crucis Industrial School; Lincolnton High School; 
A.B., University of North Carolina, 1927; University of North 
Carolina Graduate School, .^928-1931. Member, National Rehabili- 
tation Association; N. C. Society Social Service; N. C. Society 
Crippled Children; Exceptional Child; lAPES; American Associa- 
tion for the Blind; National Society for the Prevention of Blind- 
ness; Association of Rehabilitation Workers for the Blind, Na- 
tional President, 1949; Director, American Association Workers for 
the Blind, 1950. Director, North Carolina State Association for 
the Blind. Secretary, States Council of Agencies for the Blind, 
1948. Director, States Council National Rehabilitation Associa- 
tion. Member, Raleigh Lions Club. Episcopalian. Married Miss 
Pauline Patton, June 17, 1933. One daughter: Polly Patton, age 
16. Address: 2619 Grant Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 395 

NATHAN HUNTER YELTON 

EXECUTn'E SECRETARY, TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(Elected by Board of Trustees) 

Nathan Hunter Yelton, Democrat was born at Bakersville, N. C, 
April 5, 1901. Son of David and Sarah Jane (Deyton) Yelton. 
Attended Berea Academy, Ky., 1916-1918; Friendsville High 
School, (Tenn.) 1921-1922; Yancey Collegiate Institute, Burasville, 
N. C, 1922-1923; Maryville College, Tenn., 1923-1924; Summer 
Schools, University of Tennessee; B.S., Vanderbilt University; 
George Peabody College, Nashville, Tenn., 1928; Graduate work 
at the University of North Carolina, 1930, and in School Adminis- 
tration, George Peabody, 1931. Member of Municipal Finance 
Officers Association, U. S. and Canada; Southern Conference on 
Teacher Retirement. National Council on Teachei- Retirement. 
President High School Principals Association, Western District, 
N. C. E. A., 1931; Western District, Superintendent's Association, 
N. C. E. A., 1934. Superintendent Mitchell County Schools, 1931- 
1937; State Director Public Assistance 1937-1941; Executive Sec- 
retaiy. State School Commission, 1941-1942; Controller State 
Board of Education, 1942-1943; Director and Executive Secretary 
of the North Carolina Local Governmental Employees' Retirement 
System for cities and counties of North Carolina which began 
July 1, 1945. Immediate past president of Southern Conference 
Retirement Officials. Chairman Mitchell County Democratic Exec- 
utive Committee, 1933-1937; Delegate to 1936 National Democratic 
Convention in Philadelphia; Member State Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1933-1943; elected again in 1945 and at present a mem- 
ber of The State Democratic Executive Committee. Member Board 
of Directors National Council on Teacher Retirement and Chair- 
man Legislative Committee. Immediate Past President Southern 
Conference on Teacher Retirement. State Director of Public Em- 
ployees Social Security program for cities, counties, and towns 
not covered by an existing retirement system. Board of Directors 
Raleigh Community Chest. Pvt., Student Army Training Corps, 
1918; Captain U. S. Army, December 19, 1943 to October 7, 1945 
with eighteen months overseas. Attached to British 11th Armored 
Division for eight months; participated in the invasion of Nor- 



396 North Carolina Manual 

mandy, North France and "Rhineland Campaigns. Attached to 3rd 
AiTny with headquarters in Munich in charge of Military Govern- 
ment Education program for Bavaria in the denazification of the 
German School System. Promoted to rank of Major and now holds 
this commission in the Officer Reserve Corps. Mason, member 
Raleigh Lodge 500. Member American Legion; Veterans of For- 
eign Wars; Raleigh Lions Club. Presbyterian; Deacon. Married 
Miss Cerena Sue Polk on April 16, 1922. One daughter, Natalie. 
Address: 113 Lake Boone Trail, Raleigh, N. C. 



Senator Willis Smith 



Bonner — First District 



Fountain Second District 



Barden Third District 



Cooley — Fourth District 



Chatham Fifth District 



Durham— Sixth District 




UNITED STATES SENATORS 
CLYDE R. HOEY 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Clyde R. Hoey, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, December 
11, 1877, Son of Captain S. A. and Maiy Charlotte Catherine 
Hoey. Attended Shelby High School, but left school and began 
work October 1, 1890, in a printing office. Purchased a newspaper 
and began editing and publishing same, August 1, 1894, and con- 
tinued in that capacity until January 1, 1908. In the meantime 
studied law and, after reaching twenty-one, was licensed to prac- 
tice in 1899, continuing to practice along with the newspaper work 
until 1908, since then entire time has been given to the practice of 
law. Attended University of North Carolina Summer Law School, 
June-September, 1899. Lawyer. Member North Cai'olina Bar As- 
sociation; the American Bar Association; North Carolina State 
Bar. Representative from Cleveland County in the General As- 
sembly of 1899 and 1901; State Senator, 1903. Chairman, Cleve- 
land County Democratic Executive Committee 1903-1909. Served 
on State Advisory Democratic Committee ten years. Assistant 
U, S. Attorney for Western District of North Carolina, July, 1913, 
to December, 1919. Member Congress, December, 1919, to March 
4, 1921. Sei'\'ed as Governor of North Carolina, January 7, 1937- 
January 9, 1941. LL.D., Davidson College, 1937; LL.D., University 
of North Carolina, 1938; LL.D., Duke University, 1938. Elected 
to the United States Senate in 1944 for a term of six years; re- 
elected in 1950 for another term of six years; member of Senate 
Committees on Agriculture and Finance; Kiwanian; Mason; Junior 
Order; Red Men; Woodmen of the World; Knights of Pythias; 
Odd Fellows. Methodist. Married Miss Bessie Gardner, March 22, 
1900, who died February 13, 1942. Children: Clyde R. Hoey, Jr., 
Charles A. Hoey, and Isabel Hoey Paul, Home address: Shelby, 
N. C. 



898 



Biographical Sketches 399 

WILLIS SMITH 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Willis Smith, Democrat, of Raleigh, North Carolina; Lawyer; 
born Norfolk, Va.; December 19, 1887. Son of Willis and Mary 
Shaw (Creecy) Smith; graduate Atlantic Collegiate Institute, 
Elizabeth City, N. C, 1905; A.B., Trinity College ( now Duke Uni- 
versity) 1910, law school, Duke University, 1912; Admitted to 
N. C. Bar, 1912; law firm. Smith, Leach & Anderson. U. S. Army, 
Fortress Monroe, Va., July-November 1918. Inheritance tax attor- 
ney, N. C. 1915-1920; member N. C. House of Representatives, 
1927-1929-1931, (Speaker of House, 1931); chairman Democratic 
State Convention, 1940; delegate Democratic National Convention, 
Chicago, 1944, 1952. Member commission preparing rules for use 
Federal courts in North Carolina, 1933; member Federal Jixdicial 
conference, 4th Circuit. Member Board of Trustees, Patrick Henry 
Memoi'ial Foundation, National Probation Association; member 
American Bar Association. (General Council, 1935-36) ; state dele- 
gate, 1936-1939; board of governors, 1941-1944; president, 1945- 
1946. Observer Nuremburg Trials, 1946; member (in 1951) and 
chairman (in 1952) of U. S. Congressional delegations to Interpar- 
liamentary Union; member N. C. State Bar Association, (Presi- 
dent 1941-1942); Wake County Bar Association (president 1943- 
1944) ; 7th Judicial District Bar Association, American Legislators 
Association, (member board managei-s, 1932-1933); American Law 
Institute, American Counsel Association, American Judicature So- 
ciety, International Association Ins. Counsel (President 1941- 
1943); American Legion; President's Amnesty Board (1947); So- 
ciety of Forty & Eight; Sigma Phi Epsilon; Omicron Delta Kappa; 
Phi Delta Phi; Order of the Coif. Trustee Duke University (Chair- 
man Board since 1947); Methodist. Clubs: Lawyers, Kiwanis, Car- 
olina Country, University New York, Dunes. Elected to U. S. Sen- 
ate November 7, 1950, and sworn in November 27, 1950. Married 
Anna Lee, April 30, 1919; children, Willis, Lee Creecy, Alton 
Battle, and Anna Lee. Address: Raleigh, N. C, 



400 North Carolina Manual 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

HERBERT COVINGTON BONNER 

(Firnt Dixtrict — Counties, Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Curri- 
tuck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perqui- 
mans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Washington. Population 247,894.) 

Herbert Covington Bonner, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C, May 16, 1891. Son of Macon Herbert and Hannah Selby 
(Hare) Bonner. Attended Public and Private Schools, Washing- 
ton, N. C; Warrenton High School 1906-1909. Fanner. Sergeant 
Co. I, 322nd Infantiy, 81st Division World War I. Attended Offi- 
cers Training School, Longres, France, after Armistice. Com- 
mander Beaufort County Post 1922, and District Commander 
American Legion, N. C. Dept., 1940. Elected to Seventy-sixth 
Congress from the First Congressional District, November 1940, 
to succeed Lindsay C. Warren, resigned. Re-elected to Seventy- 
l^eventh, Seventy-eighth, Seventy-ninth, Eightieth, Eighty-first, 
and Eighty-second Congresses. Episcopalian. Mason, Shiner, Elk 
and Legionnaire. Married Mrs. Eva Hassell Hackney, August 2, 
1924. Address; Washington, N. C. 

LAWRENCE H. FOUNTAIN 

(Second District- — Counties: Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Hali- 
fax, Lenoir, Northampton, Warren, and Wilson. Population, 
306,904.) 

Lawrence H. Fountain, Democrat, was born in the village of 
Leggett, N. C, Edgecombe County, April 23, 1913. Son of Sallie 
(Barnes) and the late Lawrence H. Fountain. Educated in public 
schools of Edgecombe County. Received A.B. Degree, 1934, LL.B. 
Degree, 1936, at the University of North Carolina. Winner of 
Wiley P. Mangum Oratorical Medal and Mary D. Wright Debate 
Medal; President Philanthropic Literary Society; Member, Debate 
Council; Board of Directors Graham IMemorial Building; 
Y. M. C. A. Deputation Team while at University of North Caro- 
lina. Law partner of V. E. Fountain in the Law Firm of Foun- 
tain & Fountain, Tarboro, N. C. Member, Edgecombe County 
Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina 



Biographical Sketches 401 

Bar Association; American Bar Association; Tarboro Merchants 
Association; Tarboro Chamber of Commerce; Tarboro Kiwanis 
Club, Past President, 1940, Lt. Governor Sixth Division of 
Carolinas District of Kiwanis International, 1950. Retired mem- 
ber Tarboro Junior Chamber of Commerce. Elected Tarboro's Man 
of the Year in 1948. Director of Edgecombe County Chapter 
American Red Cross. Former President Young Democratic Club 
of Edgecombe County; Eastern Organizer of YDC's of North 
Carolina during administration of Ralph W. Gardner; former 
Chairman Second Congressional District Executive Committee of 
YDC's of North Carolina. Reading Clerk in North Carolina State 
Senate, 1986, Special Session; 1937 Regular Session; 1988 Spe- 
cial Session; 1939 Regular Session; 1941 Regular Session. State 
Senator from Fourth Senatorial District of North Carolina in 
General Assembly of 1947, 1949 and 1951. Enlisted in Army of 
United States March 4, 1942, with grade of Private, advanced 
to Corporal and Staff Sergeant, released from service as Major, 
J. A. G. C. March 4, 1946. Elected to the Eighty-Third Congress 
November 4, 1952. Member Howard Memorial Presbyterian 
Church, Tarboro, N. C; Deacon 1941-1946; ordained as Elder in 
June, 1946. Sunday School attendance record of 36 years without 
absence; teacher Men's Bible Class, Howard Memorial Presbyte- 
rian Church. Married Miss Christine Dail of Mount Olive, N. C, 
May 14, 1942. Address: Tarboro, N. C. 



GRAHAM A. HARDEN 

(Third DL'^trict — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, 
Onslow, Pamlico, Pender, Sampson, and Wayne. Population, 308,- 
470.) 

Graham Arthur Barden, Democrat, was born in Sampson County, 
N. C, September 25, 1896. Son of James Jefferson and Mary Rob- 
inson (James) Barden. Attended Burgaw High School; University 
of North Carolina, LL.B. Degree. Attorney-at-law. Member of 
Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Sigma Chi Fraternity. Member 
Sudan Shrine; Doric Masonic Lodge; Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks; American Legion; Master of Doric Lodge 1928; 
Exalted Ruler of the Elks Lodge; Commander of the American 
Legion; Counsellor of the Junior Order. Served in the United 



402 North Carolina Manual 

States Navy during World War I. Judge of Craven County Court. 
Representative from Craven County to General Assembly 1933. 
Elected to the Seventy-fourth Congress, the Seventy-fifth Con- 
gress, the Seventy-sixth Congress, the Seventy-seventh Congress; 
the Seventy-eighth Congress, the Seventy-ninth Congress, the 
Eightieth Congress, the Eighty-first Congress, the Eighty-second 
Congress and the Eighty-third Congress. Presbyterian; Deacon of 
First Presbyterian Church, New Bern. Married Miss Agnes Foy; 
two children, Graham A., Jr., and Agnes F. Barden. Address: 
New Bern, N. C. 

HAROLD D. COOLEY 

(Fourth Diatrict — Counties: Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, 
Nash, Randolph, Vance, and Wake. Population, 401,913.) 

Harold Dunbar Cooley, Democrat, of Nashville, N. C, son of 
the late R. A. P. Cooley and Hattie Davis Cooley; born July 26, 
1897; attended the public schools of Nash County, the University 
of North Carolina, and the law school of Yale University; licensed 
to practice law in Febiaiaiy, 1918; served in the Naval Aviation 
Flying Corps during World War I; presidential elector in 1932; 
President, Nash County Bar Association, 1933; member of Junior 
Order United American Mechanics, Phi Delta Theta fraternity, 
and Phi Delta Phi national law fraternity; member of Baptist 
Church; married Miss Madeline Strickland in 1923, and is father 
of two children — a son, Roger A. P. Cooley, 2nd, and a daughter, 
Hattie Davis Cooley Lawrence. Elected to Seventy-third Con- 
gress, July 7, 1934; re-elected to the Seventy-fourth Congress, 
November 6, 1934, and to each succeeding Congress. Chairman, 
House Committee on Agriculture, Eighty-first and Eighty-second 
Congresses. Address: Nashville, N. C. 



THURMOND CHATHAM 

(Fifth District — Counties: Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, 
Rockingham, Stokes and Surry. Population, 355,088.) 

Thurmond Chatham, Democrat, of Winston-Salem, N. C; born 
in Elkin, N. C, August 16, 1896; attended Woodberry Forest 
School, 1912-1915; University of North Carolina 1915-16; Yale 



Senator Clyde R. Hoey 



Carlyle — Seventh District 



Deane — Eighth District 



Alexander — Ninth District 



Jonas — Tenth District 



Jones — Eleventh District 



Shu ford —Tvf elf th District 




-mK" 




404 North Carolina Manual 

University, l!)l(i-17; during the First World War enlisted in the 
United States Navy as seaman second class, and served from 
May 1917 to June 1919; in World War II again served in the 
Navy from Februaiy 14, 1942, to November 25, 1945, with combat 
duty in the Southwest Pacific; decorated with the Bronze Star 
Medal, the Secretaiy of the Navy's Commendation Medal, and 
the Royal Order of Nassau with Swords from the Dutch Govern- 
ment, American Theater Ribbon, European Theater Ribbon, 
Asiatic Theater Ribbon with three battle stars. World War 
I Ribbon, and the Victory Ribbon; went to work in the mills 
of the Chatham Manufacturing Company in July 1919 and rose 
through various positions to the presidency of the company and 
chairman of the board of directors; engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits as owner and operator of Klondike Farm at Elkin, N. C; 
former president of North Carolina Dairymen's Association, mem- 
ber of State Board of Consei-\'ation and Development, and county 
commissioner of Forsyth County; is a member of the National 
Grange, the Farm Bureau, member of the visiting committee of 
Woman's College at Greensboro, of the board of directors of 
Methodist Children's Home at Winston-Salem, and director of 
Hugh Chatham Memorial Hospital at Elkin; member, Society of 
Cincinnati; elected to the Eighty-first Congress on November 2, 
1948, and reelected to the Eighty-second Congress on November 7, 
1950; reelected to the Eighty-third Congress on November 4, 1952; 
without opposition. Married to Mrs. Patricia Firestone Coyner, 
November 16, 1950; two sons by former marriage, Hugh Gwyn 
Chatham and Richard Thurmond Chatham, Jr.; one son by present 
marriage, Walter Firestone Chatham, born January 7, 1952. Ad- 
dress: Winston-Salem, N. C. 

CARL T. DURHAM 

(Sixth District — Counties: Alamance, Durham, Guilford and 
Orange. Population, 398,351.) 

Carl Thomas Durham, Democrat, was born at White Cross, Bing- 
ham Township, Orange County, N. C, August 28, 1892. Son of 
Claude P. and Delia Ann (Lloyd) Durham. Attended White Cross 
Graded School 1898 to 1908; Mandale High School 1909, 1910, 1911 
and 1912; University of North Carolina School of PhaiTnacy 1916 
and 1917. Pharmacist. Member N.C.P.A.; vice-president N.C. P.A. 



Biographical Sketches 405 

Member Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen 1922 to 1927; Chapel Hill 
School Board 1927 to 1938; Orange County Board of Commission- 
ers 1933 to December 1, 1938. Elected to the 76th Congress, 77th 
Congress, 78th Congress, 79th Congress, 80th Congress, 81st Con- 
gress and 82nd Congress. Third ranking member of the Armed 
Services Committee and Acting Chairman of the Joint Committee 
on Atomic Energy. Married Miss Margaret Joe Whitsett, Decem- 
ber 30, 1919. Five children: Mrs. Gregg Murray, Margaret, Anne, 
Carl T., Jr., and Mrs. Bill D. Sessler. Address: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

FRANK ERTEL CARLYLE 

(Seventh District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, 
Cumberland, Harnett, New Hanover and Robeson. Population, 
394,214.) 

Frank Ertel Carlyle, Democrat, of Lumberton, N. C; lawyer; 
born in Lumberton, N. C, April 7, 1897, son of William W. and 
Lillian O. Carlyle; educated in the public schools of Robeson 
County, Wilson Memorial Academy, Nyack, N. Y., and the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina; licensed to practice law in January 1921. 
Served in the United States Navy during World War I; former 
member Robeson County Board of Elections; former chairman 
Robeson County Democratic Executive Committee; former presi- 
dent 9th Judicial District Bar Association; past president Lum- 
bei-ton Kiwanis Club and Lumberton Rotary Club; member of the 
American Legion for more than 25 years and past commander of 
Lumberton Post; member Forty and Eight; 32nd degree Mason, 
Shriner; B. P. O. Elks; Phi Delta Theta Fraternity; elected So- 
licitor 9th Judicial District of North Carolina in 1938, and re- 
elected in 1942 and 1946; elected to the 81st Congress November 
1948; re-elected to the 82nd Congress November 1950; re-elected 
to the 83rd Congress November 1952; member of the Committee 
on Interstate and Foreign Commerce and member of Sub-Com- 
mittees on Aviation and Radio and Television. Baptist. Married 
Lois Godwin Caldwell, daughter of Luther H. and Nora G. Cald- 
well, May 19, 1927. One daughter, Mrs. Doran Berry, of Chapel 
Hill, N. C. 



406 North Carolina Manual 

CHARLES BENNETT DEANE 

(Eighth District — Counties: Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, 
Montgomery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes, and Yad- 
kin. Population, 369,455.) 

Charles Bennett Deane, Democrat, of Rockingham, N. C, was 
born in Anson County. Son of John Leaird and Florence Mae 
(Boyette) Deane. Graduated from Trinity Park School, Durham, 
1920; LL.B. Degree, Wake Forest College, 1923. Licensed as at- 
torney, February, 1923. Register of Deeds of Richmond County, 
1926-1934. Compiler, U. S. Congressional Directory, 1933-1936. 
Attorney and Consultant, Wage and Hour Division, Washington, 
D. C, 1939-1940. Owner General Insurance Agency, Rockingham, 
N. C. Elected to the 80th, 81st, 82nd and 83rd U. S. Congresses. 
Baptist; Recording Secretary, North Carolina Baptist State Con- 
vention, 1932-1951. Married Miss Agnes Walker Cree, October 15, 
1927. Children: Betty Cree Deane;, Agnes Carol Deane; Charles 
B. Deane, Jr. Address: Rockingham, N. C. 

HUGH QUINCY ALEXANDER 

(Ninth Dii<trict — Counties: Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Ca- 
barrus, Caldwell, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly and Watauga. Popula- 
tion, 338,907.) 

Hugh Quincy Alexander, Democrat, U. S. Representative, 9th 
N. C. District; was born in Glendon, N. C, August 7, 1911. Son 
of O. S. and Maiy Belle (Reynolds) Alexander. Attended Goldston 
Grammar School, 1918-1925; West Durham High School, 1925- 
1928; Durham High School, 1928-1929; Duke University, 1929- 
1932; University of North Carolina Law School, 1934-1937, LL.B. 
Lawyer. Member of the N. C. Bar Association; Cabari-us County 
Bar. Shriner, Oasis Temple, President Cabarrus County Shrine 
Club, 1946; Member of Executive Club; Kannapolis Junior Cham- 
ber of Commerce; Cannon Memorial Y's Men's Club; Past Presi- 
dent of Interstate Y.M.C.A.; Young Men's Council N. C. and S. C; 
President Kannapolis Y. D. C. 1948; Beaver- Pittman Post Ameri- 
can Legion, Commander, 1946. State Commander of American 
Legion, 1950; Past Judge Advocate 12th District V. F. W.; Chair- 
man Public Affairs Committee of North Carolina Junior Cham- 
ber of Commerce 1949; Representative in the N. C. General As- 



Biographical Sketches 407 

sembly Sessions of 1947 and 1949. Solicitor Cabarrus County 
Court, 1950-1952; Member National American Legion Boy's State. 
Entered sei-vice as Ensign, U.S.N.R., June 19, 1942; discharged 
as Lieutenant, U.S.N.R., December 25, 1945. Presbyterian. Mar- 
ried Miss Myrtle Elizabeth White, September 25, 1942. One 
daughter, Elizabeth Rippy Alexander, and three sons, Hugh Q. 
Alexander, Jr., Stephen Alexander, and William George Alexan- 
der. Address: 708 Florida Drive, Kannapolis, N. C. 

CHARLES RAPER JONAS 

(Tentli District — Counties: Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, 
Mecklenburg and Mitchell. Population, 360,318.) 

Charles Raper Jonas, Republican, of Lincolnton, N. C, was born 
in Lincoln County, N. C, December 9, 1904. Son of Charles An- 
drew and Rosa (Peti-ie) Jonas, Attended Lincolnton High School,, 
1918-1921; University of North Carolina, A.B., 1925; University 
of North Carolina Law School, J.D., 1928. Attorney at law. 
Member Lincoln County, North Carolina and American Bar 
Associations. President North Carolina Bar Association, 1946- 
1947. Member North Carolina National Guard since December 
29, 1928; active duty in United States Anny, 1941-1946, being 
discharged as Lieutenant-Colonel; at present Colonel, North Caro- 
lina National Guard. Elected to Congress from the Tenth North 
Carolina Congressional District, November 4, 1952, Methodist. 
Married Miss Annie Elliott Lee, August 14, 1929. Children: Charles 
Jonas, Jr., age 11; Richard Elliott Jonas, age 9. Address: Lincoln- 
ton, N. C. 

WOODROW WILSON JONES 

(Eleventh District — Counties: Cleveland, Gaston, Madison, Mc- 
Dowell, Polk, Rutherford, and Yancey. Population, 295,724.) 

Woodrow Wilson Jones, Democrat, was born near Rutherford- 
ton, N. C, January 26, 1914. Son of Bernard Bartlett and Carl 
Jane (Nanney) Jones. Attended Forest City and Gilkey, N. C. 
Grammar Schools, 1921-1928; Gilkey High School, 1928-1930; 
Rutherfordton-Spindale High School, 1930-1932; Mars Hill Col- 
lege, Mars Hill, N. C, 1932-1934; Wake Forest College Law School, 



408 North Carolina Manual 

1934-1937, LL.B. Degree. Attorney. Member of the North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; Rutheiford County Bar Association, Presi- 
dent, 1943; 18th Judicial District Bar Association; Rutherfordton 
Kiwanis Club; President, 1943, Director, 1947; Rutherfordton 
Junior Chamber of Commerce. City Attorney for Rutherfordton, 
N. C, 1941-1943; Solicitor, Rutherford County Recorder's Court, 
1941-1944. Representative from Rutherford County in the General 
Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Elected to the Eighty-first Congress, 
November 7, 1950 to fill out the unexpired term of Honorable A. L. 
Buhvinkle, deceased. Elected to the Eighty-second Congress, No- 
vember 7, 1950; member Committee on the Judiciary. Baptist; 
Teacher, Baracca Sunday School Class, 1940-1944; Deacon; 
Teacher, Young Men's Sunday School Class. Lieutenant (jg) 
United States Naval Reserve; active duty, 1944-1946. Married 
Miss Rachel Elizabeth Phelps of Lillington, November 21, 1936, 
Two children: Woodrow Wilson Jones, Jr., age 12 years; Michael 
Anthony Jones, age 10 years. Address: Rutherfordton, N. C. 

GEORGE ADAMS SHUFORD 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Gra- 
ham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain and Transyl- 
vania. Population, 284,691.) 

Geoi-ge Adams Shuford, Democrat, was born in Asheville, N. C, 
September 5, 1895, son of George A. and Julia E. (Dean) Shu- 
ford; attended Asheville public schools and graduated from Ashe- 
ville High School in 1913; attended University of North Carolina 
and thereafter the University of Georgia, receiving an LL.B. 
degree at the latter university in 1917; admitted to the practice 
of law in the State of Georgia in 1917. Attended first Oflficer's 
Training Camp, Fort McPherson, Georgia, May, 1917 and com- 
missioned 2nd Lieut. Infantry, August, 1917; thereafter in Novem- 
ber, 1917 was assigned to the 119th Infantry Regiment of the 30th 
Combat Division; commissioned First Lieut, in January, 1918 and 
served with the 19th Infantry Regiment in the United States and 
France until discharged at Camp Jackson in 1919. Licensed to 
practice law in the State of North Carolina following military 
service, August 1920. Member Buncombe County Bar Association, 
President in 1940; North Carolina State Bar Association; Chair- 



Biographical Sketches 409 

man Buncombe County Board of Elections, 1940-1942, Represent- 
ative from Buncombe County in the North Carolina Genei'al As- 
sembly of 1945 and 1947. Appointed Superior Coui't Judge for the 
State of North Carolina in the fall of 1947 and sei"ved as such 
until July, 1949. Elected to the Eighty-third Congress, November 
4, 1952. Member Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity and the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. Episcopalian. Married Miss Daphne 
Brown, April 23, 1932. Children: Sydney Herbert Shuford, Eliza- 
beth Dean Shuford, Fuller Adams Shuford. Address: Asheville, 
N. C. 



14 



JUSTICES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA 
SUPREME COURT 

WILLIAM AUGUSTUS DEVIN 

CHIEF JUSTICE 

William Augustus Devin, Democrat, was born in Granville 
County, July 12, 1871. Son of Robert Ira and Mary (Transou) 
Devin. Attended Horner Military School 1883-1887; Wake Forest 
College, 1888-1890; University of North Carolina Law School 
1892-1893. Member North Carolina Bar Association. Member 
American Bar Association. Mayor Oxford, 1903-1909. Represent- 
ative in the General Assembly 1911 and 1913. Member Constitu- 
tional Amendments Commission 1913; Judge Superior Court 1913- 
1935; appointed Associate Justice Supreme Court by Governor 
Ehringhaus, October 1935, succeeding Associate Justice W. J. 
Brogden; elected for eight-year term, November 3, 1936, re-elected 
November 7, 1944. Honorary degree LL.D. conferred by the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. Honorary degree LL.D. conferred by 
Wake Forest College. Member N. C. National Guard; Captain 
1901-1907; member staff of Governor Craig with rank of Major. 
Mason. Baptist. Teacher Bible Class since 1915. Author of ad- 
dresses on legal and historical subjects. Chairman Judicial Coun- 
cil. Married Miss Virginia Bernard, November 29, 1899. One son, 
William A. Devin, Jr., Washington, D. C. Home address: Oxford, 
N. C. Oifice: Raleigh, N. C. 



MAURICE VICTOR BARNHILL 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Maurice Victor Barnhill, Democrat, was born in Halifax County, 
December 5, 1887. Son of Martin V. and Mary (Dawes) Barnhill. 
Attended public schools of Halifax County; Enfield Graded School; 
Elm City Academy; University of North Carolina Law School 
1907-1909; LL.D., University of North Carolina, 1946. Member 
North Carolina Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney, Nash 
County Court, April 1914; member Legislature (House) 1921; 
Judge Nash County Court, April 1923; former Chairman Nash 

410 



Biographical Sketches 411 

County Highway Commission and Board of Trustees Kocky Mount 
Graded School District. Judge Superior Court, June 1924. Ap- 
pointed by Governor Clyde R. Hoey, July 1, 1937, Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina and elected for terni 
of eight years November 8, 1938; re-elected November 1946. Chair- 
man of the N. C. Judicial Council. Member Phi Delta Phi Legal 
Fraternity; Mason and Shriner. Married Miss Nannie Rebecca 
Cooper, June 5, 1912. Two children: M. V. Barnhill, Jr.; Rebecca 
Barnhill. Methodist. Address: Rocky Mount, N. C. 

JOHN WALLACE WINBORNE 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

John Wallace Winborne was born in Chowan County, N. C, 
July 12, 1884. Son of Dr. Robert H. and Annie F. (Parker) Win- 
borne. Attended Horner Military School, Oxford, 1900-1902; A.B., 
University of North Carolina, 1906; LL.D., University of North 
Carolina, 1946. Married twice: first to Charlie May Blanton, 
March 30, 1910 who died November 4, 1940. To them two children 
were born: daughter, Charlotte Blanton now Mrs. Charles M. 
Schaffer, Chapel Hill, N. C, and a son, John Wallace, Jr., of 
Northampton, Mass. Second marriage to Mrs. Lalage Gates Rori- 
son, June 14, 1947. Taught Bingham Military School, Asheville, 
N. C, 1906-1907. Admitted to practice. North Carolina, 1906. Prac- 
ticed, Marion, N. C, after 1907. Member firm of Pless and Win- 
borne, 1907-1919; Pless, Winbome and Pless, 1919-1926; Pless, 
Winborne, Pless and Proctor, 1926-1927; Winborne and Proctor, 
1928-1937. Member, Board of Aldermen, 1913-1921; Attorney, 
Marion and McDowell County, 1918-1937. Member Local Selective 
Board during World War L Chairman Democratic Executive 
Committee, McDowell County, 1910-1912; member State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee 1916-1937; Chairman, State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1932-1937. Member Local Govern- 
ment Commission of North Carolina, 1931-1933. Delta Kappa 
Epsilon; Mason; Grand Master of Masons of North Carolina, 1931; 
Executive Club of Raleigh. Member North Carolina State Bar As- 
sociation and American Bar Association. Honorary member of 
North Carolina Society of the Cincinnati; Honorary member Phi 
Delta Phi; Marion Kiwanis Club (president, 1923). Appointed by 



Chief Justice Devin 




Justice Barnhill 



Justice Winborne 



Jvistice Denny 



Justice Ervin 



Justice Johnson 



Justice Parker 



r 




A: . 


^li 


1 * 







r 




Biographical Sketches 413 

Governor Hoey Associate Justice Supreme Court of North Caro- 
lina, July 1, 1987; elected for a term of eight years in November, 
1988; re-elected for a term of eight years in November, 1946. 
Home address: Marion, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

EMERY B. DENNY 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Emeiy Byrd Denny was born in Surry County, North Cai'olina 
November 23, 1892. Son of Rev. Gabriel and Sarah Delphina 
(Stone) Denny. Attended public schools of Surry County, Gillian 
Academy, and University of North Carolina. Honorary degree of 
LL.D. conferred by the University of North Cai'olina in 1946 and 
by Wake Forest College in 1947. Admitted to practice law, 1919. 
Member law firm of Denny & Gaston, 1919-1921, Mangum & Denny, 
1921-1980, practiced alone 1930-1942. Attorney for Gaston County, 
1927-1942, and North Carolina Railroad, 1987-1988; Mayor of Gas- 
tonia 1929-1937. Private, corporal, sergeant and master elec- 
trician in aviation section. Signal Corps, World War I. President, 
Gastonia Chamber of Commerce, 1925; Chairman, Gaston County 
Board of Elections, 1924-1926; Chairman, Gaston County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1926-1928; Chairman, State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1940-1942. President and director 
Ranlo Manufacturing Company, 1986-1941; Trustee, University of 
North Carolina, 1941-1943; Chairman, Board of Trustees of Gas- 
ton County Public Library, 1935-1942; Chairman, Board of Trus- 
tees of Garrison Memorial Hospital, 1984-1939; special counsel 
for the Governor during the General Assembly of 1941. Member 
American Legion; Phi Delta Phi; Holland Memorial Lodge No. 
668, A. F. & A. M.; Gastonia Chapter No. 66, Royal Arch Masons; 
Gastonia Commandery No. 28, Knights Templar and St. Titus 
Conclave No. 72, Red Cross of Constantino. Grand Marshal of the 
Grand Lodge of North Carolina. Baptist. Trustee, North Caro- 
lina Baptist Hospital, Winston-Salem, N. C, 1949-1951; Trustee 
and member of Executive Committee of the Southeastern Baptist 
Theological Seminaiy, Wake Forest, N. C. Appointed Associate 
Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina, by Governor Broughton, 
February 8, 1942, to succeed the late Associate Justice Heriot 
Clarkson. Elected to fill out the unexpired term and for a full 



414 North Carolina Manual 

eight-year teiin, November 3, 1942; re-elected for a term of eight 
years November 7, 1950. Married Bessie Brandt Brown, Salis- 
bury, N. C, December 7, 1922. Children: Emeiy B., Jr., Betty 
Brown, Sarah Catherine (now Mrs. Bailey P. Williamson of Ra- 
leigh), and Jeane Stone. Address: Raleigh, N. C. Home address: 
Gastonia, N. C. 

SAM J. ERVIN, JR. 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr., son of Samuel James and Laura (Powe) 
Ei'vin, was born at Morganton, N. C, September 27, 1896; gradu- 
ated from the University of North Carolina with A.B. degree in 
1917, and from Harvard Law School with LL.B. degree in 1922; 
served in France with the First Division for 18 months in the 
First World War; twice wounded in battle, twice cited for gallan- 
tly in action, and awarded the French Fourragere, the Purple 
Heart with one Oak Leaf Cluster, the Silver Star, and the Distin- 
guished Service Cross; admitted to the North Carolina bar in 1919 
and subsequently licensed to practice before various Federal agen- 
cies and courts, including the Supreme Court of the United States; 
engaged in practice of law at Morganton since 1922 with excep- 
tion of periods of service on bench; has served in the following 
capacities, namely: Representative from Burke County in General 
Assemblies of 1923, 1925, and 1931; Chairman, Burke County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1924; Tiustee, Morganton 
Graded Schools, 1927-1930; Member State Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1930-1937; Trustee University of North Carolina, 
1932-1935, 1945-1946; Judge, Burke County Criminal Court, 1935- 
1937; Judge, North Carolina Superior Court 1937-1943, resigning 
to resume practice of law; Member State Board of Law Exami- 
ners, 1944-1946; Member, North Carolina Hospital and Medical 
Care Commission, 1944; Government Appeal Agent, Burke County 
Service Board No. 2, and Chairman, Burke County Labor Mobiliza- 
tion Board, Second World War; Representative from Tenth North 
Cai'olina District in 79th Congress, 1946-1947, declining to seek 
renomination to resume practice of law; Chairman, North Caro- 
lina Commission for Improvement of Administration of Justice, 
1947-1949; Trustee, Davidson College, 1948-1950; Associate Justice, 
State Supreme Court, since February 3, 1948, having been origi- 



Biographical Sketches 415 

nally appointed to such office by Governor Cherry and having- been 
subsequently elected thereto in November, 1948 and November 
1950. Received Honorary LL.D. degree at University of North 
Carolina, 1951. Member of the following organizations: North 
Carolina Bar Association, North Carolina State Bar, American 
Bar Association, Association of Interstate Commerce Commission 
Practitioners, American Judicature Society, General Alumni Asso- 
ciation of University of North Carolina (President, 1947-1948), 
American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Disabled American 
Veterans, Society of the First Division, Army and Navy Legion 
of Valor, Morganton Kiwanis Club, Morganton Chamber of Com- 
merce, State Literary and Historical Association, Southern His- 
torical Association, American Historical Association, Society of 
Mayflower Descendants, Sigma Upsilon, Phi Delta Phi, Junior 
Order, Knights of Pythias, Dokies, Knights Templar, Scottish Rite 
Masons (32nd degree), Morganton Presbyterian Church (elder); 
married Margaret Bruce Bell, of Concord, N. C, June 18, 1924; 
three children: Sam J. Ervin, 3rd., Margaret Leslie Ervin, and 
Laura Powe Ervin. Home: Morganton, N. C. Office: Raleigh, 
N. C. 

JEFFERSON DEEMS JOHNSON, JR. 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Jefferson Deems Johnson, Jr., Democrat, was born in Garland, 
N. C, June 6, 1900. Son of Jefferson Deems and Mary Lily 
(Wright) Johnson. Attended Trinity Park School, Durham, N. C, 
1917-1918; A.B., Trinity College, 1923; graduated from Duke Uni- 
versity Law School, 1926. Entered practice of law in Clinton, 
fall of 1926. Appointed Special Superior Court Judge by Gover- 
nor J. M. Broughton, 1941; reappointed in 1943, serving until June 
1945. Resumed practice of law in Clinton. Was nominated by 
Democratic Executive Committee and elected in November 1950 
to fill out unexpii-ed term of Justice A. A. F. Seawell, deceased, 
of the Supreme Court of North Carolina; re-elected for a term 
of eight years November 4, 1952. Member American Bar Associ- 
ation; North Carolina Bar Association. Town Attorney of Clin- 
ton, 1928-1941. State Senator from the Ninth Senatorial District 
in the General Assemblies of 1937 and 1941. Member of the Com- 
mission on Recodification of statute law of the State, 1941-1943. 



416 North Carolina Manual 

Member, Sij?ma Chi and Omicron Delta Kappa Fraternities. Pri- 
vate in World War I. Past Commander of the Clinton Post of the 
American Legion. Methodist. Married Miss Frances Faison, Au- 
gust 17, 19.35. Children: Frances, age fifteen; Mary Lily, age 
thirteen; Jeff D., Ill, age eleven. Residence: Clinton, N. C. Official 
address: Raleigh, N. C. 

ROBERT HUNT PARKER 

associate justice 

Robert Hunt Parker, Democrat, was born in Enfield, N. C, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1892. Son of R. B. and Victoria C. (Hunt) Parker. At- 
tended Enfield Graded School; graduating in 1908; University of 
North Carolina, 1908-1911; University of Virginia, 1911-1912, B.A.; 
University of Virginia Law School, 1912-1915, LL.B.; Wake For- 
est Law School, summer of 1914. Field Artilleiy officer in World 
War I with nearly seventeen months of service in France. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 192.3. Solicitor for the State 
Third Judicial District, February 23, 1924-September 24, 1932; 
Judge Superior Court, September 24, 1932-November 25, 1952, 
having been nominated and elected without opposition in 1934, 
1942 and 1950. Nominated in Deinocratic Primary of 1952 for 
Associate Justice of the N. C. Supreme Court and elected No- 
vember 4, 1952, assuming office November 25, 1952. Member 
American Legion; 40 & 8; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Episco- 
palian. Married Mrs. Rie Williams Rand of Greensboro, N. C, 
November 28, 1925. Home address: Roanoke Rapids, N. C. Official 
address: Raleigh, N. C. 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

SENATORS 

LUTHER HARTWELL HODGES 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR AND PRESIDENT OF SENATE 

Luther Hartwell Hodges, Democrat, was born in Virginia, March 
9, 1898. Son of John James and Lovicia (Gammon) Hodges. At- 
tended Leaksville High School, 1912-1915; University of North 
Carolina, A.B. Degree, 1919; Honorary LL.D., 1946. Retired from 
Marshall Field & Company. World War I, Second Lieutenant, 
1918. Elected Lieutenant Governor November 4, 1952. Member 
Masonic Order and Rotary Club. Former President Leaksville 
Rotary Club; former President New York City Rotary Club; for- 
mer Governor N. C. Rotary District. Methodist. Married Miss 
Martha E. Blakeney, June 24, 1922. Three children: Betsy, age 27; 
Nancy, age 26; and Luther, Jr., age 16. Address: Leaksville, N. C. 

JAMES H. POU BAILEY 

{Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

James H. Pou Bailey, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Baltimore, Md. Son of Josiah W. 
and Edith (Pou) Bailey. Attended Hugh Morson High School, 
1929-1930; Woodberry Forest School, 1930-1935; University of 
North Carolina, 1941; A.B. and LL.B. Attorney at Law. Member 
of Wake County Bar Association, Executive Committee, 1949-1950; 
N. C. Bar Association; 7th District Bar Association. Member 
Alpha Tau Omega College Fraternity, Secretary, 1938, President, 
1939 and 1940. Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 
1941. Served as Private, World War II, January 9, 1942-July 1942; 
Corporal, July 1942-October, 1942; served overseas in European 
Theater nineteen months as Field Artillery Officer. Released to 
Reserve, January 15, 1946 as Captain Field Artilleiy; presently 
Military Intelligence Reserve, rank of Captain. State Senator in 

417 



I-iithcr H. HodRes 

Lieutenant Governor 

President of the Senate 



liailey of Wake 

Harnhardt of Cabarrus 
Bason of Caswell 



Hridser of Bladen 
Bunn of Nash 

Chapman of Alexander 



Copeland of Hertford 
Crawford of Graham 
Crew of Halifax 



Ciirrie of Durham 

Duncan of Alleghany 
Edney of Madison 



Gash of Transylvania 
Godwin of Gates 
Graves of Forsyth 




Biographical Sketches 419 

the General Assembly of 1951. Presbyterian. Married Miss Marie 
Fiquet Pate, August 1, 1945. Two children: James H. Pou Bailey, 
Jr., and Edwin Pate Bailey. Address: 513 N. Blount St., Raleigh, 
N. C. 

LUTHER ERNEST EARNHARDT 

(Twenty-first District — Counties: Rowan and Cabarrus. Two 
Senators.) 

Luther Ernest Barnhardt, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
first Senatorial District, was boi-n at Concord, N. C, November 
29, 1903. Son of George Thomas and Lillie Virginia (Faggart) 
Barnhardt. Graduated from Concord High School, May, 1921; 
LL.B. Wake Forest College, May, 1925. Lawyer. Member Cabar- 
rus County Bar Association, President, 1942; member State Bar 
and American Bar Associations. Chairman Cabarrus County Board 
of Elections, 1933-1944. Pi Kappa Alpha (Wake Forest College) 
National Fraternity; Charter member Golden Bough; Omicron 
Delta Kappa, Beta Alpha Circle, Wake Forest College; Secretary 
Student Body. Member Rotary International. Trustee Concord 
Community Center, 1940-1941; Trustee Public Library 1943. Mem- 
ber General Statutes Commission; Secretary and Director Con- 
cord Chamber of Commerce; National Counsellor, U. S. Cham- 
ber of Commerce; Vice-President and Director Concord Commu- 
nity Boys' Club, Inc. State Senator in the General Assembly, 
1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951. Methodist; Member Board of Stew- 
ards; Teacher Adult Bible Class. Married Miss Bui-\^elle McFar- 
land, June 3, 1930. Four children: Luther Ernest, Jr.; Phoebe 
Jean; John McFarland; Ann Drucilla Barnhardt. Address: Con- 
cord, N. C. 

SAMUEL MURPHEY BASON 

(Fifteenth District — Counties: Caswell and Rockingham. One 
Senator.) 

Samuel Murphey Bason, Democi'at, Senator from the Fifteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Swepsonville, N. C, December 
3, 1894. Son of William Heniy and Flora Green (Murphey) Bason. 
Attended Burlington High School, 1915; Oak Ridge Military Acad- 
emy, 1917; University of North Carolina. President, Bank of 



420 North Carolina Manual 

Yanceyville, Yanceyville, N. C. Owner, Caswell Insurance and 
Realty Company. President, Caswell Hardware and Implement 
Company. Appointed by Governor Clyde R. Hoey as Highway 
Commissioner, May, 1937, sei-ving until May, 1941. Appointed by 
Governor J. Melville Broughton as Member of the North Carolina 
Gasoline and Oil Inspection Board, April, 1942, serving until De- 
cember, 1945. First President, Caswell County Chamber of Com- 
merce, 1926; Member Yanceyville Rotary Club, F^rst President, 
1937. Member, Caswell Brotherhood Lodge #11, A.F., and A.M., 
Master, 1925, 1927 and 1933. Senator from the Fifteenth Sena- 
torial Distr'ict, 1947. Presbyterian. Chairman Board of Dea- 
cons, 1925-1945; Superintendent of Sunday School, 1935-1943. 
Volunteered for service in World War I in 1917; sei'\'ed twenty-two 
months, eleven of which were spent overseas; discharged with rank 
of Color Sergeant. Married Miss Martha E. Hatchett, October 18, 
1921. Three children: Carolyn Elizabeth Bason, William Hatchett 
Bason and Dorothy Helen Bason. Address: Yanceyville, N. C 

JAMES ALBERT BRIDGER 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

James Albert Bridger, Democrat, Senator fi'om the Tenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Bladenboro, N. C, July 16, 1900. Son 
of Robert L. and Emma (Stone) Bridger. Attended Bladenboro 
High School; Horner Military School; Wake Forest College, 1919- 
1921, LL.B.; Columbia University, 1921; Massey's Business Col- 
lege, Richmond, Virginia. Ford Dealer; Farmer; Lawyer; Attor- 
ney for Bladenboro Cotton Mills, Bridger Corporation; Chairman 
of Board, Textile Insurance Company, High Point. Repi'esenta- 
tive in General Assembly of 1927, 1941, 1943, and 1945; Senator 
from Tenth Senatorial District, 1929. Member of Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee since 1921; Chairman, 1939. Member of State 
Democratic Executive Committee since 1927. Mayor, Bladenboro, 
1922-1945; Chairman, Local School Board, 1932-1945; State High- 
way Commissioner, Third Division, 1945-1949; Private, U. S. Army 
Rear Ranks, October 1 to December 11, 1918. Mason, Master, 
1928; Shriner; Woodmen of the World; Rotarian; Trustee, N. C. 
State College, 1929 until consolidation; Trustee of Greater Uni- 



Biographical Sketches 421 

versity until 1951; Chairman, Board of Deacons, First Baptist 
Church, Bladenboro, N. C. Married Miss Elise M. Bridger, 1929; 
four children. Address: Bladenboro, N. C. 

CHARLES SETTLE BUNN 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash, and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

Charles Settle Bunn, Democrat, Senator from the Sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born at Spring Hope, N. C, Februaiy 4, 1892. 
Son of Charles Dew and Sidney Hawkins (Bissette) Bunn. At- 
tended Stanhope School, 1900-1910; Trinity Park Prep School, 
1910-1913; A.B. Degree, Trinity College, 1917. Farmer. Master 
Farm Family award by Progressive Farmer and N, C. State Col- 
lege Extension Service 1951, and Elected President of the N. C. 
Master Farmers Club 1951; Proctor Citizenship Cup Lions Club, 
1937. President, N. C. Swine Breeders Association, 1936-1944; 
President, N. C. Crop Improvement Association, 1947-1948. Com- 
mander, American Legion Post No. 91, 1937-1940. Superintendent 
and Teacher in one of Nash County High Schools, 1917-1918; 
Chairman N. C. Area School Commission, 1945-1947; Member of 
N. C. Education Committee, 1947-1948; Officer Candidate, 1917- 
1918 Technical Military Training School, State College, N. C; 
Officers Training School, Camp Taylor, Louisville, Ky. Represent- 
ative from Nash County in the General Assembly of 1949. Meth- 
odist; Steward and Ti-ustee, 1918-1952; Sunday School Teacher 
and Superintendent, 1912-1952. Married Miss Agnes Mable Smith, 
1917. Children: Charles Ivy, Esper Nan, Mark Settle, Braxton 
Craven, Agnes Sidney, SpiTiill Gilmore. Address: Spring Hope, 
N. C. 

RAY ETHERIDGE CHAPMAN 

(Twenty-eighth District — Counties: Alexander, Burke and Cald- 
well. One Senator.) 

Ray Etheridge Chapman, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
eighth Senatorial District, was born in Alexander County, Sep- 
tember 13, 1913. Son of Charlie H. and Minnie (Bumgarner) 
Chapman. Graduated from Taylorsville High School, 1933; Gup- 



422 North Carolina Manual 

ton-Jones Colleg-e, Degree in Mortuary Science, 1946. Mortician. 
Member City Council, 1947-1950; County Coroner, 1950. Member 
Taylorsville Rotary Club, Secretary, 1951-1952; Loyal Order of 
Moose; ' American Legion. Entered militaiy service, March 21, 
1941; served in Europe and received battlefield commission; dis- 
charged as First Lieutenant, Januaiy 9, 1946. Methodist; mem- 
ber Board of Stewards. Address: Box 277, Taylorsville, N. C 

JAMES WILLIAM COPELAXD 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, and Perquimans. Two Senators.) • 

James William Copeland, Democrat, Senator from the First 
Senatorial District, was born in Woodland, N. C, June 16, 1914. 
Son of L. C. and Nora L. (Benthall) Copeland. Attended Wood- 
land-Olney High School, graduating in 1930; Guilford College, 
A.B. Degree, 1934; University of North Carolina Law School, J.D. 
Degree, 1937. Lawyer and farmer. Member of Hertford County 
Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Murfreesboro 
Rotary Club; American Legion; V. F. W. Mayor of Woodland, 
1940-1942. Chairman of Northampton County Board of Elec- 
tions, 1939-1942. Mayor of Murfreesboro, 1947-1950. Chairman 
of Hertford County Board of Elections, 1946-1949. Member Ameri- 
can George Lodge No. 17, A.F. & A.M., Murfreesboro, N. C; 
Sudan Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., New Bern, N. C. Assistant Ed- 
itor, North Carolina Law Review, 1936-1937. Lieutenant, U. S. 
Navy, 1942-1946; presently a member of the U. S. Naval Reserv^e 
with rank of Lieutenant. State Senator in General Assembly of 
1951. Baptist. Married Miss Nancy Hall Sawyer, October 11, 1941. 
Two children: Emily Robinson Copeland, age 7; James William 
Copeland, Jr., age 1. Address: Murfreesboro, N. C. 

JAMES HUAL CRAWFORD 

(Thirty-third District — Counties: Cherokee, Clay, Graham, 
Macon, and Swain. One Senator.) 

James Hual Crawford, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-third 
Senatorial District District, was born in Clay County, June 27, 
1866. Son of James W. and Eugenia (Poteet) Crawford. At- 



jmkel of Iredell 
IHicks of Greene 

Hobgood of Franklin 



(idges of Henderson 
Horton of Martin 
Hundley of Davidson 



nes of Pitt 
Kirkman of Guilford 
Larkins of Jones 



\g of Person 

Marshal! of Stokes 

Melntyre of Mecklenburg 



ore of Robeson 
tinrgan of Cleveland 
Pate of Scotland 



il of Beaufort 
["roctor of McDowell 
Rankin of Gaston 




424 North Carolina Manual 

tended preparatory schools, 1870 to 1882; M.D., University of 
Chattanooga, Tennessee, 1894. Doctor. Coroner Cherokee County, 
1910. Representative from Graham County in the special session 
of the General Assembly, 1938 and Regular sessions of 1939 and 

1945. Mason; Blue Lodge; Shriner; Odd Fellows. Baptist. Mar- 
ried Miss Hattie Long, March 9, 1888. Five children, three sons 
and two daughters. Address: Robbinsville, N. C. 

WILLIAM LUNSFORD CREW 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two 
Senators.) 

William Lunsford Crew, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Northampton County, October 29, 
1917. Son of James Winfield, Sr. and Texas A. (Stanley) Crew. 
Attended Pleasant Hill Grammar School, 1923-1930; Roanoke 
Rapids High School, 1930-1934; University of North Carolina, 
A.B., 1938; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 
1941. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association and North Caro- 
lina Bar Association. Organizer, Director and Attorney for First 
Federal Savings and Loan Association of Roanoke Rapids. Member 
Phi Gamma Delta, Secretary, 1938; Civic Music Club; Roanoke Rap- 
ids Chamber of Commerce; Roanoke Rapids Junior Chamber of 
Commerce, President, 1949; Roanoke Rapids Exchange Club, Presi- 
dent, 1948-1949 and at present District Governor; American Le- 
gion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Roanoke Rapids Civic Music 
Association, President; Roanoke Rapids Executive Club. Lieu- 
tenant (j.g.) United States Navy from July, 1943 to April, 

1946. Methodist: Sunday School teacher, 1947-1952. Married Miss 
Nancy Trotter Horney, November 14, 1940. Children: William 
Lunsford Crew, Jr., age 4; Nancy Alexander Crew, age 9. Ad- 
dress: Roanoke Rapids, N. C. 

CLAUDE CURRIE 

(Fourteenth District^Counties : Durham, Granville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

Claude Currie, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Candor, Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 8, 1890. Son of John C. and Louise (McKinnon) Currie. 



Biographical Sketches 425 

Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1911-1914; University- 
North Carolina, A.B. and LL.B., 1926. Executive Vice-President 
Security Building and Loan Association. State Senator, Eigh- 
teenth Senatorial District, 1927; Fourteenth Senatorial District 
1945, 1947 and 1949. United States Army Air Corps, 1917-1919; 
Pursuit Observer, Sgt. Presbyterian. Address: Durham, N. C. 

EDWIN DUNCAN 

(Tiventy-nintli District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe and Wa- 
tauga. One Senator.) 

Edwin Duncan, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-ninth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Sparta, N. C, June 25, 1905. Son of 
David Crockett and Delia (Woodiiiff) Duncan. Attended Glade 
Valley High School; University of North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 
1925. Banker. Married Miss Bessis Lee Wellborn. Two children. 
Address: Sparta, N. C. 

CALVIN RANSOME EDNEY 

(Tliirtieth District — Counties: Avery, Madison, Mitchell and 
Yancey. One Senator.) 

Calvin Ransome Edney, Republican, Senator from the Thirtieth 
Senatorial District, was born in Mars Hill, N. C, April 30, 1888. 
Son of George Newton and Callie Elizabeth (Merrell) Edney. 
Attended Yancey Collegiate Institute, Burnsville, 1909-1913; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1914-1920; A.B., 1920; A.M., 1922; 
graduate work, 1922-1923; Law School, summer sessions; Wake 
Forest, summer law school. Licensed to practice law, 1924. Law- 
yer, farmer and cattle raiser. Superintendent Public Welfare, 
Madison County, 1937-1944; City Attorney, Mars Hill, 1935-1937. 
Professor History and Economics, Mars Hill College, 1919-1921, 
1925-1926; Carson Newman College, Jefferson City, Tenn., 1923- 
1924. Land Bank field representative, 1928-1931. President of 
Madison County Road Organization. Mason, Scottish Rite. 
Shriner. Baptist; Sunday School Teacher. State Senator in the 
General Assembly of 1945. Married Miss Palma Lois Carter, Jan- 
uary 3, 1935. Two children: Calvin R. Edney, Jr. and Greenwood 
Edney. Address: Marshall, N. C. 



426 North Carolina Manual 

ROBERT TALIAFERO GASH 

(Thirty-second District— Counties : Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

Robert Taliafero Gash, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-sec- 
ond Senatorial District, was born in Brevard, N. C., October 6, 
1924. Son of Robert Lenoir and Lucy Ashton (Plaster) Gash. 
Attended Brevard Junior College; University of North Carolina, 
A.B., 1948; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1950. 
Lawyer. Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. Secretary Transyl- 
vania County Bar, 1951-1952. Member Monroe Wilson Post 88 
American Legion; Junior Chamber of Commerce, State Director, 
1950-1951; Secretary, 1951-1952; State Director, 1952. Member 
Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, Dunns Rock Lodge 267 of 
Brevard"; Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, 
Asheville Consistory. Naval Aviator, 1943-1945; ordered to in- 
active duty as Ensign; now holds rank of Lieutenant (jg) in 
Naval Resei"ve. Member of St. Phillips Episcopal Church of Bre- 
vard; Secretary and member of Vestry, 1952. Married to Miss 
' Elizabeth Rose Buckner, August 19, 1950. One son: Robert Ed- 
ward Gash, born January 25, 1952. Address: Brevard, N. C. 

ADOLPHUS PILSTON GODWIN, JR. 

'(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

Adolphus Pilston Godwin, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the First 
Senatorial District, was born in Gatesville, N. C, October 6, 1912. 
Son of Adolphus Pilston, Sr., and Mabel Clair (Hayes) Godwin. 
Attended Gatesville High School, 1930; Mars Hill College, 1930- 
1931; Campbell College, 1931-1932; Wake Forest College, 1932- 
1937; Wake Forest School of Law, LL.B. Degree, 1937. Lawyer. 
Member N. C. State Bar; President First Judicial District Bar, 
1952-1953. Special Agent with F.B.L, 1942-1945. Member Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee. Master, Gatesville Lodge No. 126, 
A. F. & A. M., 1952. Member Gatesville Baptist Church. Mar- 
ried Miss Mildred Vann of Ahoskie, August 10, 1940. Children: 
Adolphus Pilston Godwin, HI and Gretchen Vanh Godwin. Ad- 
dress: Gatesville, N, C. 



Biographical Sketches 427 

CALVIN GRAVES 

(Twenty-second District — County: Forsyth. One Senator.) 

Calvin Graves, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-second Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Mount Airy, N. C, July 2, 1909. Son 
of Calvin, Sr. and Mary Elizabeth (Johnson) Graves. Attended 
Mount Aiiy High School, 1922-1926; University of North Caro- 
lina, A.B. 1930; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B. 
1932. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association, North Caro- 
lina Bar Association, Forsyth County Bar Association. President 
Forsyth County Bar Association, 1947. Chairman Forsyth County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1948-1952. City Attorney for 
Winston-Salem, 1943. Served in U. S. Marine Corps, 1944-1945. 
Methodist. Former teacher of Men's Bible Class and former mem- 
ber of Board of Stewards. Married to Miss Julia Benton Pender- 
graph, February 16, 1933. Three children: Julianne Graves, Nancy 
Bailey Graves and Maiy Watkins Graves. Address: 1416 North 
Hawthorne Road, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

COLUMBUS VANCE HENKEL, JR. 

{Twenty -fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln. 
Two Senators.) 

Columbus Vance Henkel, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Twen- 
ty-fifth Senatorial District, was born in Statesville, N. C, Sep- 
tember 16, 1908. Son of Columbus Vance and Lila (Dunavant) 
Henkel. Attended Woodberry Forest School, Class of 1926; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, two years. Engaged in textiles and 
farming. Local Precinct Chairman. Presbyterian. Married Miss 
Marguerite Nunan in 1944. Address: Turnersburg, N. C. 

CARL T. HICKS 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir, and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Carl T. Hicks, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh Senatorial 
District, was born in Rockingham, N. C, October 14, 1899. Son of 
Daniel Thomas and Sara Kate (Burns) Hicks. Attended Rocking- 
ham High School, 1905-1917; State College, September 1918 to De- 



428 North Carolina Manual 

(■ember 6, 1918. Farming--Business Manager. Chairman, Greene 
County Board of Education 1949-1950. Mason. Private, S.A.T.C, 
State College, 1918, discharged December 6, 1918. State Senator 
in the general Assembly of 1951. Methodist. Married Miss Emily 
Minshew, November 11, 1922. Address: Walstonburg, N. C. 

HAMILTON HARRIS HOBGOOD 

(Sixtit District — Counties: Franklin, Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

Hamilton Harris Hobgood, Democrat, Senator from the Sixth 
Senatorial District, was born in Franklin County, N. C, March 
23, 1911. Son of Herbert Hamilton and Ruth Taylor (Harris) 
Hobgood. Attended Mapleville and Louisburg Public School, 1918- 
1924; Bunn High School, 1924-1928; University of North Carolina, 
1928-1933, A.B. in Education, 1932; Wake Forest College Law 
School, 1939-1941, LL.B., 1941. N. C. High School Oratorical 
Champion, 1928. Member of Golden Fleece and Gi'ail. President, 
Senior Class, 1932; Head Waiter, Swain Hall, 1931-1933; Inter- 
collegiate Debate Team, four years. Attorney at Law. Member 
of State, District and County Bar Associations. Judge, Franklin 
County Recorder's Court, December, 1938-November, 1942; April, 
1946-December, 1948. Member, N. C. State Guard, April, 1941 
to August, 1942, Private to Second Lieutenant; United States Ma- 
rine Corps, August, 1942 to April, 1946, First Lieutenant, August, 
1942; Captain, March, 1943; Major, July, 1945. Served in Pacific 
Theatre of Operations in World War II. State Senator in the 
General Assembly of 1951. Methodist; Chaii-man Board of Stew- 
ards, 1948; Teacher of College Bible Class, 1947-1949; Teacher 
of Men's Bible Class, 1950-1952. Married Miss Margaret Nicol 
Stallings, May 15, 1943. Three children: Elizabeth Lacy Hob- 
good, born March 18, 1944; Robert H. Hobgood, born April 25, 
1946; Charles Hamilton Hobgood, born November 12, 1951. Ad- 
dress: Louisburg, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 429 

WILLIAM BRYAN HODGES 

(Thirty-Second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

William Bryan Hodges, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-sec- 
ond Senatorial District, was born in Norfolk, Va., October 9, 
1900. Son of Samuel Thompson and Louisa (Kirk) Hodges. At- 
tended Blue Ridge School for boys, Hendersonville, 1916-1917; 
Davidson College, 1919-1920. Banker. President State Trust Co., 
Hendersonville. State Senator from the Thirty-second Senatorial 
District in the General Assembly of 194.5 and 1949. Methodist, 
Married Miss Elizabeth Carrigan, July 7, 198.5. Address: Hen- 
dersonville, N. C. 



HUGH G. HORTON 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, Pam- 
lico, Tyrrell, and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Hugh G. Horton, Democrat, Senator from the Second Senatorial 
District, was born at Ahoskie, N. C, Decmber 23, 1896. Son of 
John A. and Oda Novella (Byrd) Horton. Attended Ahoskie High 
School and Winton High School; Wake Forest Law School, 1922. 
Lawyer. American Bar Association and North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation. Mayor of Williamston, 1923. Prosecuting Attorney Mar- 
tin County, 1927. Private in 1918, 280th Field Hospital, 20th Sani- 
tary Train, Camp Sevier, South Carolina. Skewarkee Lodge No. 
90, A.F.&A.M., Williamston; Washington, N. C. Lodge No. 922, 
B.P.O. Elks. Sudan Temple, A.A.O.N.M. Shrine, New Bern, N. C. 
New Bern Consistoiy No. 3, Scottish Rite Masonry. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly of 1935, 1937 and 1939. State Senator 
1941, 1943, 1947 and 1951. Member Williamston Memorial Baptist 
Church, Williamston, N. C. Married Miss Bessie 0. Page, Novem- 
ber 11, 1923. Children: Hugh G. Horton, Jr., and Betsy Page Hor- 
ton. Address: Williamston, N. C. 



430 North Carolina Manual 

GEORGE LEE HUNDLEY 

(Eighteenth Dist7-ict — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

George Lee Hundley, Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Davidson County, January 6, 1903. 
Son of D. J. and Minnie (Weir) Hundley. Attended Thomasville 
High School; High Point College. President State Industrial Bank. 
Realtor; Insurance and Loans. President Thomasville Motors. 
Secretary & Treasurer, Gantt & Hundley Corp. President General 
Finance Company. Board of Directors Peoples Savings & Loan 
Association. Former President Thomasville Merchants Associa- 
tion. Member North Carolina Real Estate Board; North Carolina 
Insurance Agents Assn. Past President Lions Club. Past Master 
Masonic Lodge. Senator in the General Assembly of 1945. Mem- 
ber Board of Stewards Memorial Methodist Church. Married Miss 
Lynette Salmons, June 5, 1943. Two children: Jean H. Foster and 
Georganna H. Henson by former marriage. Address: Thomas- 
ville, N. C. 

PAUL ERASTUS JONES 

(Fifth District— County: Pitt. One Senator.) 

Paul Erastus Jones, Democrat, Senator from the Fifth Sena- 
torial District, was born near Bethel, Pitt County, April 9, 1890. 
Son of Solomon Major and Gertrude (Whichard) Jones. Gradu- 
ated from Bethel High School, 1907. Attended Richmond College, 
Virginia, one year; Medical College of Virginia, 1907. Doctor of 
Dental Surgeiy, 1910. Dentist and fanner. First Lieutenant 
World War I, June 30, 1918-March 15, 1919. Member of Pitt 
County Medical and Dental Society; American Dental Association, 
served as delegate since 1931. Member Council of Legislation 
American Dental Association four year term; Member Fifth Dis- 
trict of N. C. Dental Society and served as Secretary and Presi- 
dent. Fellow of the American College of Dentists; Fellow Inter- 
national College of Dentists. Elected to N. C. State Board of 
Dental Examiners 1938, serving until 1947. Vice President Ameri- 
can Association of Dental Examiners 1943, serving two terms, 
President 1946, Director of the Bank of Farmville 1921-1937. 
Member Farm Bureau; Rotary Club; Local School Board (twenty- 



eavis of Yadkin 
Ross of Randolph 
Royster of Vance 



inford of Cunnberland 
Scott of Alamance 
Shuford of Catawba 



'nith of Union 
Talton of Wayne 
Thomas of Hoke 



,.x\n of Sampson 
'Weaver of Buncombe 
] Weeks of Edgecombe 



litfield of Pender 
Vhitley of Johnston 
Williams of Lee 



\lfe of Stanly 
], 
'voodson of Rowan 

liyerly -Principal Clerk 




L 



432 North Carolina Manual 

five years, Chairman five yeai's) ; Pitt County Board of Educa- 
tion, 1944-1949; Pitt County Democratic Executive Committee 
(ChaiiTnan seven years) ; State Democratic Executive Committee, 
1945 until present. Appointed to N. C. Board of Health, 1944 
(sein-ed four years); Author of several Essays before the N. C. 
Dental Society, including a Presidential Address in 1931; Presi- 
dential Address to American Association of Dental Examiners in 
1946. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. 
Chairman Advisory Committee of the N. C. Dental Society to 
the Dental College Committee of the Faculty of the University of 
North Carolina, 1951-1952. Elected a member of the Board of 
Tmstees of the University of North Carolina for an eight year 
term in 1951. Elected President of the Dental Foundation of the 
North Carolina, Inc., in 1951. Re-elected President in 1952. ^lem- 
ber Christian Church; Deacon ten years. ^Married Miss Vemice 
Lee Lang, October 22, 1913. Two children; Mrs. Charles M. Duke; 
Dr. P. E. Jones, Jr. One grandson and one granddaughter. Ad- 
dress: 502 North Main St., Farmville, N. C. 



OSCAR ARTHUR KIRKMAN 

(Seventeenth District — County: Guilford. One Senator.) 

Oscar Arthur Kirkman, Democrat, Senator from the Seven- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in High Point, N. C, April 16, 
1900. Son of Oscar Arthur, Sr., and Lulu Blanche (Hammer) 
Kirkman. Attended Public Schools of High Point, graduating in 
1918; University of Virginia, B.S., 1923; University of Virginia, 
M.S., 1924; one year of law at the University of Virginia, 1924- 
1925; two years of law, Oxford University (England) 1926-1928. 
Admitted to North Carolina Bar, 1929. Executive Vice-President 
and General Manager High Point, Thomasville &. Denton Rail- 
road Company of High Point, N. C. President, Atlantic B. and L. 
Association, High Point, since 1937; Director Southern Furniture 
Exposition Building, High Point; Regional Vice-President and Di- 
rector, American Short Line Railroad Association, Washington, 
D. C, since 1930. Member Board of School Commissioners, High 
Point, 1932-1939; Guilford County Board of Public Welfare, 1938- 
1939; Board of Trustees of Winston-Salem Teachers College, three 
teiTns. Member Board of Trustees High Point Memoi'ial Hospital; 



Biographical Sketches 433 

Member Board of Trustees, North Carolina Sanatoriam for Treat- 
ment of Tuberculosis; State Campaign Chairman, American Can- 
cer Society, 1952; Member Railway Industry Advisory Commit- 
tee, National Production Authority. Mayor, City of High Point, 
1939-1943; Councilman, 1945-December 27, 1948. Federal Operat- 
ing Manager, railroads of Puerto Rico on special assignment from 
the Office of Emergency Management, 1943-1944. Teacher of Span- 
ish, three years University of Vii'ginia; Business Law, High Point 
College, one year. Member of Elks; Masons; Woodmen of the 
World; Royal Arcanum; Private U. S. Army, 1918; American 
Legion, Adjutant in the 20's; Alpha Kappa Psi Fraternity. Na- 
tional President, Alpha Kappa Psi, (Commerce and Business Ad- 
ministration Fraternity), Indianapolis, Indiana, 1929-1933; Rep- 
I'esentative in the General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Methodist; 
Member of Board of Stewards. Married Miss Katherine Morgan 
of Salisbury, N. C, March 10, 1933. Children: Larkin, age 15; 
Caroline, age 13; John, age 11; Susan, age 4. Address: 501 West 
High Street, High Point, N. C. 

JOHN DAVIS LARKINS, JR. 

(Seventli District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

John Davis Larkins, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Seventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Morristown, Tennessee, June 8, 
1909. Son of John Davis and Emma (Cooper) Larkins. Attended 
public schools of Cedartown and Hazelhurst, Georgia, and Fayette- 
ville, N. C, Graduated Greensboro High School June, 1925; B.A. 
Wake Forest 1929, Law 1930 Wake Forest College. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber N. C. Bar Association, American Bar Association, North Caro- 
lina State Bar, Inc., and Fifth District Bar; U. S. Conciliation 
Commissioner-Referee for Jones County 1934-1936. Sigma Delta 
Kappa and Phi Alpha Delta, National Legal Fraternities, Alpha 
Pi Delta Social Fraternity, Junior Order United American Mechan- 
ics; Mason; Zion Lodge, No. 81, Trenton; Woodman of the World. 
Trenton Rotary Club; New Bern Consistory No. 3 Scottish Rite, 
Shriner, Sudan Temple, B.P.O.E. No. 764. State Senator Seventh 
District Special Session 1936; Regular Session 1937; Special Ses- 
sion 1938, Regular Session 1939, 1941; President pro tem of 1941 



434 North Carolina Manual 

Senate; Regular Sessions 194:^, 1949 and 1951. Served as Chair- 
man State Constitutional Amendment Committee Campaign 1938. 
Chairman N. C. Jackson Day Committee 1939-1940; President 
Eastern Carolina Chamber of Commerce 1940; Secretary N. C. for 
Roosevelt Headquarters 1940. Appointed Kentucky Colonel by 
Gov. A. B. "Happy" Chandler 1939. Third Congressional District 
Chairman Navy Day League 1941-1942 and Chairman Third Con- 
gressional District War Production Board Industrial Salvage Com- 
mittee. Delegate-at-Large to Democratic National Convention in 
Chicago 1940, District Delegate 1944, and Alternate to Delegate- 
at-Large, Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia 1948; 
Member of Notification Committee to notify the Vice-President of 
the U. S. 1944. Baptist. Deacon; Chairman Board of Doacons, 
Superintendent Sunday School 1930-1942, State Campaign Chair- 
man N. C. Division of the American Cancer Society 1947-48, 
President, A. C. S. 1952-53, National Director at Large A. C. S. 
1952-54; Attorney for Atlantic and N. C. Railroad 1945-46. Pri- 
vate, U. S. Army, World War II; Past Adjutant and Past Com- 
mander American Legion Post No. 154, Trenton, N. C; Co-Chair- 
man 1950-51 American Legion Department Membership Commit- 
tee. Member La Societe 40 Et 8; Finance Director Democratic 
National Committee for N. C. Campaign 1948-1952; Secretary State 
Democratic Executive Committee 1952-54; County Chairman Dem- 
ocratic Executive Committee for Jones County since 1944. Married 
Miss Paulin Murrill, of Jacksonville, N. C, March 15, 1930. Two 
children: Emma Sue and Pauline, ages 21 and 18. Address: Tren- 
■ton, N. C. 

FLEMMIE D. LONG 

(Fourteenth District — Counties: Durham, Granville and Per- 
son. Two Senators.) 

Flemmie D. Long, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Person County, N. C, May 3, 1881. 
Son of Daniel D. and Cora A. (Brooks) Long. Attended County 
Public Schools. Farmer, merchant and fertilizer dealer. Chair- 
man Board of County Commissioners 1932-1938. Senator in the 
General Assembly of 1941, 1945 and 1949. Primitive Baptist. Dea- 
con and clerk of Church, and Moderator of the Association for 
twenty years. Married Miss Ida C. Tillman in 1905. Address: 
Roxboro, N. C, RED. No. 1. 



Biographical Sketches 435 

WILLIAM FLYNT MARSHALL 

(Twenty -third District — Counties: Stokes and Surry. One Sen- 
ator. ) 

William Flynt Marshall, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
third Senatorial District, was born at Walnut Cove, N. C, July 16, 
1900. Son of Albert Franklin and Nannie Flynt Marshall. At- 
tended Walnut Cove High School and Commercial School. Lum- 
berman, farmer and banker. President, Stokes Lumber Com- 
pany, Walnut Cove; President, State Planters Bank, Walnut Cove. 
Commissioner, Town of Walnut Cove, 1933-1938, and served as 
Treasurer during that time. Representative from Stokes County 
1939, 1943 and 1945; State Senator from the Twenty-third Dis- 
trict, 1941 and 1949. Member Walnut Cove Lodge 629, A.F.&A.M.; 
Oasis Temple Order of Mystic Shrine. Member Walnut Cove Ro- 
tary Club and served as President 1951-1952. Baptist. MaiTied 
Miss Iva Lee Isaacs, April 24, 1924. Two sons: William Flynt, 
Jr., and Joe Isaacs Marshall. Address: Walnut Cove, N. C. 



FRED HEADEN McINTYRE 

(Twentieth District — County: Mecklenbui'g. One Senator.) 

Fred Headen Mclntyre, Democrat, Senator from the Twentieth 
Senatorial District, was born at Gulf, Chatham County, N. C, 
September 4, 1899. Son of John William and Bettie (Gilmore) 
Mclntyre. Attended Gulf Public Schools, 1905-1914. Retired manu- 
facturer. Served as train dispatcher with Norfolk-Southern Rail- 
road before moving to Charlotte in 1933. Member Truck-Trailer 
Industry Advisory Committee, War Production Board, 1942-1945; 
Ordnance Department Industiy Integration Committee, 1943-1945; 
Director, Truck-Trailer Manufacturers Association, Inc., Washing- 
ton, D. C, 1945; City Council of Charlotte, 1945-1947. Member 
Excelsior Lodge of Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons of North 
Carolina, No. 261; Oasis Temple of Charlotte; Shrine Bowl Com- 
mittee, 1949; Moose Lodge of Charlotte; Charlotte Red Fez Club, 
Director, 1948-1950, Vice-President, 1949; Charlotte Civitan Club, 
Board of Directors, 1944-1947, Chairman Board of Directors, 1944- 
1945, Vice-President, 1946-1947. Member St. John's Baptist Church 
of Charlotte; member Finance Committee, 1943; Vice-President, 



436 North Carolina Manual 

FJTik Bible Class, 1950. Married Miss Bettie Overton, December 9, 
1918. Children: Elizabeth Joyce, now Mrs. Jacob A. Rudisill, Jr.; 
Mary Catherine, now Mrs. Nisbet P. Rodg-ers; Fred H. Mcln- 
tyre, Jr. Address: 909 Berkeley Avenue, Charlotte, N. C. 

DU BRUTZ CUTLAR MOORE 

(Eleventh District — County: Robeson. One Senator.) 

Du Brutz Cutlar Moore, Democrat, Senator from the Eleventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Burgaw, N. C, August 6, 1895. 
Son of John Bailey and Serena Lee (Corbett) Moore. Attended 
Burgaw High School; University of North Carolina, 1918 and 
1914. Real estate dealer. Member North Carolina Association of 
Realtors; N. C. Democratic Executive Committee for six years. 
Secretary, 1984-1936. Chairman of N. C. Alcoholic Control Board, 
1937-1941. Mason. Member Benevolent Protective Order of Elks; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion, Private in U. S. 
Army, 1917-1919, serving in Europe as member of the Wilming- 
ton Light Infantry. Presbyterian; Member Board of Deacons. 
Married Miss Ruth Robeson Norment, June 28, 1922. Children: 
Du BiTitz Cutlar Moore, Jr.; Mary Corbett Moore; Ruth Norment 
Moore. Address: Box 985, Lumberton, N. C. 



ROBERT FOSTER MORGAN 

(Twenty -seventh Dixty^ict — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell, and 
Rutherfoid. Two Senators.) 

Robert Foster Morgan, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
seventh Senatorial District, was born in Anderson County, South 
Carolina, June 24, 1922. Son of O. Z. and Minnietta (Foster) 
Morgan. Attended Cleveland County Public Schools and Boiling 
Springs High School; Gardner-Webb College, A. A. Degree, 1941; 
Yale University, 1943-1944. Part owner of Morgan & Company, 
Inc., Shelby. Member N. C. Seedsmen Association National Cotton 
Council; Executive Committee N. C. Seedsmen Association; Past- 
President of Cleveland County Ginner's Association. Member of 
Rotaiy Club and Director of Shelby Junior Chamber of Commerce. 
Member of Shelby Lodge of Masonic Order. Enlisted as Private 
in Air Force, 1942, and discharged as Captain in 1946, Member of 



Biographical Sketches 437 

Inactive Resei^ve Air Force at present. Member Beaver Dam 
Baptist Church; Deacon; Teacher Young Men's Bible Class; Vice- 
President Brotherhood; Chairman Finance Committee. Address: 
1106 N. Washington St., Shelby, N. C. 

EDWIN PATE 

(Eigliteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Edwin Pate, Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth Senatorial 
District, was born in Laurel Hill, N. C, April 16, 1898. Son of 
Z. V. and Sallie (McNair) Pate. Attended North Carolina State 
College, B.S. 1921. Merchant, Farmer, and Banker. Senator in 
the General Assembly of 1941, 1945 and 1949. Presbyterian. Mar- 
ried Miss Marie Whitaker, October 20, 1921. Two children, one 
boy and one girl. Address: Laurinburg, N. C. 

MALCOLM CARLYLE PAUL 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Malcolm Carlyle Paul, Democrat, Senator from the Second Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Beaufort County, N. C, Januai-y 18, 
1912. Son of Charles Barrow and Mildred (Sadler) Paul. Attended 
Pantego High School 1926-1980; Wake Forest College, LL.B., 1935. 
Lawyer. Member Beaufort County Bar Association; N. C. State 
Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney, Beaufort County Re- 
corder's Court, 1938-1946; County Attorney for Beaufort County 
since 1946; Chaimian Beaufort County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee since 1946; Member State Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee since 1952. Golden Bough, Wake Forest College. Mason; 
Red Men; Elk; Kiwanian. Served in U. S. Navy, 1942-1946, with 
rank of Lieutenant Commander. Episcopalian. Manned Miss 
Hulda Winfield, April 10, 1936. One son: Charles Winfield Paul, 
age 4. Address: 1215 N. Market Street, Washington, N. C. 



438 North Carolina Manual 

ROBERT WRIGHT PROCTOR 

(Twenty-seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell, and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Robert Wright Proctor, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
seventh Senatorial District, was bom in Lumberton, N. C, April 8, 
1900. Son of Edward Knox, Jr. and Elizabeth Gray (Dick) Proc- 
tor. Graduated from Lumberton High School, 1918; University of 
North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 1922; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1924-1926. Attorney at law. Member N. C. State Bar, 
Inc., N. C. State Bar Association and The American Bar Associa- 
tion. President 18th Judicial District Bar, 1937, and member 
Council of the N. C. State Bar, 1948-1953. Attorney for Town of 
Marion and County of McDowell since 1926. Chairman McDowell 
County Democi'atic Executive Committee, 1932-1947; member N. C. 
State Democratic Executive Committee since 1936. Member Board 
of Trustees Marion City Administrative Unit; Board of Ti-ustees 
Marion General Hospital since 1935; State Board of Conservation 
and Development, 1945-1949; Board of Ti-ustees University of 
North Carolina, 1943-1951. Mason; Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi 
Delta Phi. Private, United States Army, S.A.T.C, 1918. Mem- 
ber First Baptist Church of Marion. Married Miss Frances Sarah 
Gilkey, October 15, 1929. Children: Sara Anne Proctor, Elizabeth 
Gray Proctor and Frances Gilkey Proctor. Address: 303 North 
Garden Stx'eet, Marion, N. C. 



RUFUS GRADY RANKIN 

(Tiverity-sixth District — County: Gaston. One Senator.) 

Rufus Grady Rankin, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-sixth 
Senatorial District, was bom at Belmont, N. C, February 25, 1891. 
Son of Rufus Pinkney and Zoe (Hand) Rankin. Graduated from 
Gastonia High School, 1906; attended University of North Caro- 
lina, 1906-1909. President of Superior Yarn Mills, Mount Holly, 
N. C. State Senator from the Twenty-sixth Senatorial District in 
the General Assembly of 1931, 1933, 1947, 1949 and 1951. Member 
of North Carolina Budget Commission 1931-1935 and 1949-1951. 
Member North Carolina Unemployment Compensation Commis- 
sion 1943-1946. Chairman Special Committee appointed by Gov. 



Biographical Sketches 439 

Cherry for study of Public School System, 1947-1949. Member 
Board of Gaston County Commissioners, 1919-1925. Mason, in- 
cluding- Blue Lodge, Chapter, Commandery, Scottish Rite, Shrine. 
Methodist. Chairman Cole P'oundution Methodist trust for benefit 
retired ministers and their wives. Married Miss Ruth Boyce, Jan- 
uary 13, 1913. Four children: R. G. Rankin, Jr,; David H. Rankin; 
George Mason Rankin; Mrs. Anna Rankin Lineberger; seven 
grandchildren. Address: Gastonia, N. C. 

CHARLES G. REAVIS 

(Tiventy-foiirtli District — Counties: Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin. 
One Senator.) 

Charles G. Reavis, Republican, Senator from the Twenty-fourth 
District, was born in Yadkin County, May 31, 1892. Son of George 
W. and Lydia (Vanhoy) Reavis. Attended Yadkin County Public 
Schools, 1899-1910. Co-owner and President of Pioneer Chevrolet 
Co., Inc. of Yadkinville. Sheriff of Yadkin County, 1931-1934. 
Member Junior Order United American Mechanics. Methodist; 
Ti-ustee, 1947-1952; Supt. Sunday School, 1926-1930, 1944-1952; 
Steward, 1920-1944. Married Miss Hattie B. Key, January 20, 1920. 
Children: Thad Reavis, Mrs. Charles Dellinger, Clyde C. Reavis, 
Gray Reavis, Mrs. Richard Taylor and Charles G. Reavis, Jr. Ad- 
dress: Rt, 3, Yadkinville, N. C. 

LEVIN FERREE ROSS 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Levin Ferree Ross, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Randolph County, June 15, 1886. Son 
of Romulus R. and Ellen (McCulloch) Ross. Attended Asheboro 
City Schools, graduating in 1905; University of North Carolina, 
1907-1908. Manufacturer of building materials. Chairman Ran- 
dolph County Board of Education, 1920-1947; President Randolph 
Savings & Loan Association since its organization in 1918; Chair- 
man Board of Trustees of High Point College, 1949-1952. Member 
Central Methodist Church of Asheboro. First marriage to Miss 



440 North Carolina Manual 

Lucy Crowson, June 15, 1911; second marriage to Miss Cornelia 
Coletrane, April 19, 1928. Children: Three daughters by first 
marriage and one daughter by second marriage. Address: 115 
Bossong Drive, Asheboro, N. C. 

FRED STOVALL ROYSTER 

(Third District — Counties: Northampton, Vance, and Warren. 
One Senator.) 

Fred Stovall Royster, Democi-at, Senator from the Third Sena- 
torial District, was born in Dabney, N. C, December 31, 1908. 
Son of John Stovall and Alvada (Green) Royster. Attended Hen- 
derson High School, 1921-1925; Duke University. Tobacconist and 
Farmei". President, Bright Belt Warehouse Association, 1945-1953; 
President, Middle Belt Warehouse Association, 1944-1953; Chair- 
man, Flue-Cured Tobacco Marketing Committee, 1948. Member 
North Carolina Tobacco Advisory Council, 1948; Board of Direc- 
tors, North Carolina Farm Bureau, 1948-1953; Tobacco Commit- 
tee, North Carolina State Grange, 1946-1948; Board of Directors, 
North Carolina Agricultural Foundation, 1946-1953. Henderson 
Lodge 1681, B.P.O.E.; Mason. Chairman, Vance County Board of 
Elections, 1934-1936. Pi'esident, Henderson Chamber of Com- 
merce, 1946. Representative from Vance County in the General 
Assembly of 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951. Methodist; Chairman, 
Board of Stewards, 1937-1946. Married Miss Launah Parker of 
Mooresville, N. C, January 4, 1942. Addi'ess: Henderson, N. C. 

TERRY SANFORD 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Teriy Sanford, Democrat, Senator from the Tenth Senatorial 
Disti'ict, was born in Laurinburg, N. C,, August 20, 1917. Son of 
Cecil L. and Elizabeth (Martin) Sanford. Attended Presbyterian 
Junior College, 1934; University of North Carolina, 1939, A.B, 
Degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1946, LL.B. 
Lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Association and American Bar As- 
sociation. Sei-ved in U. S. Army, 1942-1945. Methodist. Married 
Miss Margaret Rose Knight, 1942. Two children: Elizabeth Knight 
and James Teriy. Addi-ess: Fayetteville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 441 

RALPH H. SCOTT 

(Sixteentli District — Counties: Alamance and Orange. One Sen- 
ator.) 

Ralph H. Scott, Democrat, Senator from the Sixteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born near Haw River, N. C, December 12, 
1903. Son of Robert Walter and Elizabeth (Hughes) Scott. At- 
tended Hawfields High School, 1916-1920; North Carolina State 
College, B.S., 1924. Partner and Manager, Melville Dairy; Presi- 
dent of Smith Melville Dairies, Inc., Raleigh, N. C. Member Ki- 
wanis Club, President, 1942; Chamber of Commerce, President, 
1944-1945; Merchants Association; North Carolina Daiiy Products 
Association, President, 1947; North Carolina Jersey Breeders As- 
sociation, President, 1939; Raleigh, Durham, Burlington Dairy 
Council, President, 1945-1946; Alamance County Tuberculosis As- 
sociation, President, 1942; Trustee, May Memorial Library. County 
Commissioner, 1944-1950. Mason; Bula Lodge No. 409, A. F. & 
A. M. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1951. Presby- 
terian; Chairman Board of Deacons, 1938-1950. Married Miss Ha- 
zeleene Tate, November 11, 1925. Children: Miriam Tate Scott; 
Ralph Henderson Scott, Jr.; William Clevenger Scott, Address: 
Haw River, N. C. 

WILLIAM B. SHUFORD 

(Twentij- fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lin- 
coln. Two Senators.) 

William B. Shuford, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-fifth 
Senatorial District, was born in Hickory, N. C, June 20, 1907. 
Son of Abel Alexander, Sr., and Maude (Ferguson) Shuford. At- 
tended Woodberry Forest, 1921-1926; Univei-sity of North Carolina, 
1926-1929, BS in Commerce; Columbia University, 1929-1930, MS 
in Business. Textile Manufacturer. Kappa Sigma, Phi Beta Kappa, 
and Beta Gama Sigma Fraternities. Trustee of Woodberry Forest 
School; former Ti-ustee, University of North Carolina and Hickory 
Administrative School Unit. Member of Cornith Evangelical and 
Reformed Church, Ex-Deacon. Married Miss Virginia Jones of 
Charlotte, N. C, October 10, 1931. Four children: William B. 
Shuford, Jr., Frank Jones Shuford, Charles Hunt Shufoi-<i and Vir- 
ginia Shuford. Address: Hickoiy, N. C. 



IS 



442 North Carolina Manual 

HENRY BASCOxM SMITH 

(Nineteenth. District — Counties : Anson, Stanly, and Union. 
Two Senators.) 

Heniy Bascom Smith, Democrat, Senator from the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Union County, N. C, April 22, 
1901. Son of M. M. and Laura Dona (Price) Smith. Attended the 
Unionville Public School; Monroe City High School, graduating, 
1922; University of North Carolina and Wake Forest College; se- 
cured license as Attorney, 1929. Attorney at law. Member of 
North Carolina State Bar and N. C. Bar Association; President of 
Thirteenth Judicial District Bar, 1947; Assistant Judge of County 
Court, 1930-32; Judge of County Court by appointment, March 1, 
1948-December 1, 1948; Prosecuting Attorney, 1932-1946. Mason. 
Member of Lions Club; President of Monroe Lions Club, July 1, 
1946- June 30, 1947; Zone Chairman Lions International 1947-1948; 
Chairman Monroe Park and Recreation Commission. Representa- 
tive from Union County in the General Assembly of 1947 and 1949. 
Methodist; member of Board of Stewards; Board of Trustees. Mar- 
ried Miss Marguerite Brown, June 1, 1933. Three children: Henry 
B. Smith, Jr., Margaret Ann Smith, William Lowery Smith. Ad- 
dress: 209 South Church Street, Monroe, N. C. 

HARDY TALTON 

(Eighth District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors.) 

Hardy Talton, Democrat, Senator from the Eighth Senatorial 
District, was born at Pikeville, N. C, August 18, 1900. Son of 
Mack Duffie and Rebecca (Pike) Talton. Attended Gurley School, 
Wayne County, 1906-1913; Kenly High School, 1914-1915. Tobac- 
conist and Farmer. Member, Harmony Masonic Lodge, No. 340, 
Master, 1943-1944; J.O.U.A.M. No. 312, Councilor, 1936 and 1948; 
District Councilor, 28th District, 1946; Grange No. 964, Master, 
1939-1948; Master of Wayne Pomona Grange No. 38, 1943-1948. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Member 
of Pleasant Grove F.W.B.; Member of Board of Ruling Elders, 
1932-1948; Teacher, 1927-1948. Married Miss Mildred Roberts, 
December 21, 1921. One daughter: Mary Ellen, age 19. Address: 
Route 2, Pikeville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 443 

JAMES BENTON THOMAS 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore, and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

James Benton Thomas, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth 
Senatorial District, was born in Scotland County, N. C, July 4, 
1892. Son of James Crawford and Rena (Benton) Thomas. At- 
tended Ellerbe Springs Grammar School, 1899-1900. Graduated 
from Raeford Institute, 1909; University of North Carolina, 1909- 
1910; graduated from Kings Business College, 1911. Farmer. Sec- 
Treas. Hoke Oil & Fertilizer Company for thirty years, now Vice 
President; Vice President McLauchlin Company; Sec.-Treas. Hoke 
Cotton Warehouse Company; Sec.-Treas. Colonial Frozen Foods, 
Inc.; Director, Bank of Raeford, Raeford Power & Manufacturing 
Company, Upchurch Milling Company, and Hoke Development Cor- 
poration. Director, Raeford Chamber of Commerce. Past Presi- 
dent, Raeford Kiwanis Club and N. C. Cottonseed Crushers Asso- 
ciation. Delegate member, National Cotton Council; member 
County Board of Education; Town Alderman; Chairman of Hoke 
County Democratic Executive Committee for twelve years. Mason; 
Shriner; Past President Raeford Shrine Club. First Lieutenant, 
N. C. National Guard before World War I; during World War 
II, served for four years as member County Rationing Board; 
Chairman County Salvage Board. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1949. Methodist; Trustee. Married Miss Kate Shaw, 
June 22, 1916. Two daughters: Mrs. Julian McLeod, Mrs. Robert 
E. Foreman. Address: Raeford, N. C. 

HENRY VANN 

(Ninth District — Counties: Duplin, New Hanover, Pender, and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Henry Vann, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Senatorial Dis- 
trict, was born in Sampson County, N. C, Febmary 10, 1892. Son 
of Arthur and Portia (McPhail) Vann. Attended County Grammar 
School, 1898-1906; Salemburg High School, 1907-1908; Oak Ridge 
Auto Mechanic School, 1909-1910. Fanner, automobile dealer, 
theatre owner and operator. President of Henry Vann Industries, 
manufacturers of Heniy Vann Tobacco Curers. Mayor of Clinton, 



444 North Carolina Manual 

1925-1929. Director of First Citizens Bank & Trust Co., Home 
office Smithfield, N. C. Vice-Chairman, State Ports Authority, 
May 1949-May 1951. Chairman of South Eastern Soil Conservation 
District since Januaiy, 1945. Mason, member Hiram Lodj^e, No. 
98, Clinton, N. C; Thirty-second degree Masonry Wilmington Con- 
sistoi-y; Sudan Temple, A.A.O.N.M. Shrine, New Bern, N. C. State 
Senator from the Ninth District in the General Assembly of 1945 
and 1949. Married Miss Beulah Madge Williamson, August 21, 
1915. One daughter: Mrs. Louise Vann Austin. Address: Clinton, 
N. C. 

ZEBl LON WEAVER, JR. 

(Thirtn-first District — County: Buncombe. One Senator.) 

Zebulon Weaver, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-first 
Senatorial District, was born in Asheville, N. C, March 27, 1907. 
Son of Zebulon and Anna (Hyman) Weaver. Graduated from Ashe- 
ville High School, 1924; Weaver College, 1926; George Washington 
University, 1928; Asheville University Law School, 1982. Lawyer. 
Member Buncombe County Bar Association. Officer State Highway 
Patrol, 1929-1930. State Senator from Thirty-first District 1951 
General Assembly. Methodist; Steward, 1946-1950. Married Miss 
Elizabeth Roberts, September 11, 1931. Two children: Zebulon 
Weaver, III; Pearce R. Weaver. Address: 24 Montview Drive, 
Asheville, N. C. 

CAMERON S. WEEKS 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sen- 
ators.) 

Cameron S. Weeks, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Tarboro, N. C„ November 19, 1910. 
Son of Di-. George Earle and Lena Rivers (Pittman) Weeks. At- 
tended Tarboro High School; University of North Carolina, Law 
School, L.L.B,, 1936. Lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Association; 
N. C. State Bar, Inc.; Edgecombe County Bar. Solicitor Edge- 
come County Recorder's Court, 1941-1942; Judge Edgecombe 
County Recorder's Court, 1942-1944, Representative from Edge- 
combe County in the General Assembly of 1941. Presbyterian. 



Biographical Sketches 445 

Married Miss Glennes Dodge, December 18, 1935. One son: Ronald 
Dodge Weeks, age 6, Address: Tarboro, N. C. 

JAMES VIVIAN WHITFIELD 

(Ninth District — Counties: Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

James Vivian Whitfield, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth 
Senatorial District, was bom in Seven Springs, N. C, July 23, 
1894. Son of James Alexander and Helen Vivian (Powers) Whit- 
field. Attended Wallace High School; Horner Military School, 
Oxford, N. C, 1909-1911; A.B., University North Carolina, 1915; 
M.A , 1919. Farmer. Captain in Resei-v^e Corps of the Army, 1915- 
1917; Commandant Horner Military School, 1915-1917. Militaiy 
Instructor, University of North Carolina, 1917-1918. Member, 
United States Foreign Sei-vice, 1919-1927; served at Montevideo, 
Uruguay; Bahia Blanca, Argentina; Havana, Cuba; Matazas, Cuba 
and Monterey, Mexico. Director North Carolina Farm Bureau. 
Vice Chairman, Fruit and Vegetable Committee American Farm 
Bureau Federation. Vice President, North Carolina Foresty As- 
sociation. President, Forest Farmers Association Cooperative. 
President Pender Cold Storage and Freezer Locker Cooperative. 
President Sloop Point Fishery Products Cooperative. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly from Pender County, 1945, 1947, 1949 
and 1951. Baptist. One child: John Whitfield. Married Mrs. Vivian 
Bartlet Stevens, March 2, 1946. Address: Burgaw, N. C. 

ADAM JACKSON WHITLEY, JR. 

(Eighth District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors.) 

Adam Jackson Whitley, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Eighth 
Senatorial District, was born in Johnston County, N. C, April 14, 
1894. Son of Adam Jackson and Abigail (Casey) Whitley. At- 
tended Smithfield Grammar and High School, 1901-1914; N. C. 
State College, 1915-1917. Farmer. Junior Order; American Legion; 
Rotaiy Club, charter member when organized in 1944. Mason and 
Shriner. Chairman, Democratic Executive Committee, 1945-1947; 



446 North Carolina Manual 

Precinct Committeeman, 1939-1945. Served as a Sergeant in World 
War I, 1917-1918. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949 
and 1951. Baptist; Deacon, 1927-1948; Chairman, Board of Dea- 
cons, 1929-1952; Moderator of Johnston Baptist Association, 1936- 
1952. Married Miss Florence Elizabeth Lassiter, Februaiy 14, 
1923, Three children: Adam J. Whitley, III; Dennis Whitley; Leah 
Lassiter Whitley. Address: Rt. 1, Smithfield, N. C. 

WARREN RAND WILLIAMS 

(Thirteenth Dintrict — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

Warren Rand Williams, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Moore County, N. C„ November 
6, 1891. Son of Dr. Herbert Clawson and Linda Rand Williams. 
Attended Sanford High School to 1911; University of North Caro- 
lina to 1915, Industrialist and lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Associa- 
tion. President Father George Mills; President Dixie Bag Co.; 
President Atlantic & Western Railroad; Vice President, The Na- 
tional Bank of Sanford. Attorney for Lee County, 1922-1928; 
Delegate to National Convention, 1932; Mayor Town of Sanford, 
1926-1932, 1936-1950. Former Trustee Eastern Carolina Teachers 
College; former Ti-ustee State Sanitorium at McCain. Member 
Sanford IMasonic Lodge. Methodist. Married Miss Ellen Make- 
peace, 1915. Five children. Address: 119 Gulf Street, Sanford, 
N. C. 

THOMAS REDWINE WOLFE 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Thomas Redwine Wolfe, Democrat, Senator from the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Monroe, N. C, July 23, 1896. Son 
of W. C. and Laura (Nesbit) Wolfe. Attended Westminister School 
for Boys, 1911-1913, Automobile dealer. President N. C. Automo- 
bile Dealei-s Association, 1940-1941; Director National Automobile 
Dealers Association, 1942; President N. C. County Commissioners 
Association, 1936; Chairman Stanly County Board of Commis- 
sioners, 1930-1936; member State Highway Commission, 1937-1942; 



Biographical Sketches 447 

Member Masonic Lodge and Oasis Temple; Rotary Club. Colonel, 
U. S. Army, 1942-1945. Presbyterian; Deacon. Married to Miss 
Bert Sherman, September 1, 1920. Two children, Address: 1040 
East Main St., Albemarle, N. C. 

NELSON WOODSON 

(Twenty-first District — Counties: Cabarrus and Eowan. Two 
Senators.) 

Nelson Woodson, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-first Sena- 
torial District, was born at Salisbury, N. C, March 26, 1909. Son 
of Walter H. and Pauline (Bernhardt) Woodson. Attended Salis- 
bury High School, 1921-1925; University of North Carolina, 1929, 
A.B. Degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1932, LL.B. 
Degree. Attorney at Law. Member of Rowan County Bar As- 
sociation; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Associa- 
tion. Partner, Woodson & Woodson, Attorneys. Served in the 
U. S. Army, 1942-1946; 77th Infantry Division in the Pacific; dis- 
charged as Captain. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1949 and 1951. Episcopalian. Married Miss Mary Holt Whittle, 
October 19, 1946, Children: Walter Nelson Woodson and Mary Holt 
Woodson. Address: 225 South Fulton Street, Salisbury, N. C. 



REPRESENTATIVES 
EUGENE THOMPSON BOST, JR. 

SPEAKER 

Eugene Thompson Bost, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Ca- 
barrus County, was born in Cabarrus County, June 11, 1907. Son 
of E. T. and Zula A. (Hinshaw) Bost. Attended Mount Pleasant 
Collegiate Institute; Duke University, School of Law, 1930-19.S8. 
Bachelor of Law. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; 
North Carolina Bar Association. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 19:^7, 1939, 1941, 194.3, 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951. 
Methodist. Mason. Married Miss Bernice Hahn, March 27, 1937. 
Address: Concord, N. C. 

WAYNE ROY ADAMS 

Wayne Roy Adams, Democrat, Representative from Graham 
County, was born in Robbinsville, N. C, March 26, 1910. Son of 
William Robert and Alice (Slaughter) Adams. Attended Mountain 
Creek Grammar School, 1920-1925; Robbinsville High School, 1925- 
1931; one year correspondence course in Civil Sei"vice. Lumber- 
man and carpenter. Foreman for Utah Constmction Co. for six- 
teen months. Head of Veterans Vocational Training in Graham 
County for four years. Baptist; Clerk, 1942-1952; Deacon since 
1938. Married Miss Vergia Mae Cable, July 4, 1936. Four chil- 
dren, three boys and one girl. Address: Box 291, Robbinsville, N. C, 



JOHN LEACH ALLEN 

John Leach Allen, Democrat, Representative from Montgomery 
County, was born in Troy, N. C, July 19, 1915. Son of Barna and 
Etta (Bruton) Allen. Graduated from Troy High School, 1932; 
Mars Hill College, 1934; University of North Carolina, B. S. in 
Commerce, 1938. Automobile dealer. Member Town Council, 1941- 
1946, 1952 — . Baptist; Deacon since 1949; Superintendent Sunday 
School since 1950. Married Miss Mildred Thomas in 1939. Two 
children: Mildred T. and John L. Address: Troy, N. C. 

448 



Biographical Sketches 449 

THOMAS WATKINS ALLEN 

Thomas Watkins Allen, Democi-at, Representative from Gran- 
ville County, was born in Granville County, Januai-y 7, 1893. Son 
of Glaudious L. and Catherine (Bragg) Allen. Attended Creed- 
moor High School, 1910-1914. Farmer. Member County Board of 
Education, 1928-1932; North Carolina Library Commission Board, 
1940-1944. Entered service, April 18, 1918; promoted to Corporal 
January 5, 1919; discharged, June 23, 1919. Member Creedmoor 
Masonic Lodge, Master, 1934-1940; Wilton Junior Order United 
American Mechanics, Councilor, 1920; District Councilor at pi-es- 
ent; Member North Carolina State Grange, Member Executive 
Committee, 1940 to present; Member, Oxford Rotary Club; Chair- 
man, Tobacco Committee, N. C. State Grange; Member of North 
Carolina Tobacco Council; ChaiiTnan of The Boai'd of Wilton Com- 
mittee; President, Henderson Production Credit Association since 
1934; President, Wake Rural Electrification Administration since 
1942; Member, Board of Directors, Durham Mutual Exchange since 
1940; Chairman, Tobacco Committee National Grange; Member 
N. C. Farm Bureau; Master Granville County Pomona Grange; 
Member County Committee, Agricultural Conservation Association 
of Granville County, 1936-1948. Three times a member of County 
Committee of Farmers Home Administration; Member of Board of 
Directors of Tobacco Stabilization Cooperative Corporation; Mem- 
ber of Board of Directors of Tobacco Associates Incorporation; 
Member of Tobacco Advisory Committee to the Secretaiy of Agri- 
culture under the Marketing Research Act. Member N. C. Rural 
Electrification Authority. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1949 and 1951. Baptist; Member Board of Deacons since 1922; 
Superintendent, Sunday School, 1919-1940; Vice Moderator Flat 
River Baptist Association. Married Miss Julia Farmer, September 
11, 1921, Two children: Thomas W. Allen, Jr., age 26; Mildred A. 
Jenkins, age 23. Address: Creedmoor, N. C, Route 1. 



JOHN LELAND ANDERSON 

John Leland Anderson, Republican, Representative from Cald- 
well County, was born in that county, August 15, 1906. Son of 
Leland Lofeyette and Cornelia (Oxford) Anderson. Graduate of 
Caldwell County High Schools; local business training under pri- 



E. T. Bost, Jr.— Speaker 



Adams of Graham 
Allen of Montgomery 
Allen of Granville 



Anderson of Caldwell 
Askew of Gates 
Atkins of Yancey 



Barker of Durham 
Barnett of Rowan 
Blue of Moore 



Branch of Halifax 
Brantley of Polk 
Brown of Jackson 



Bryant of Gaston 
Carr of Duplin 
Clark of Bladen 




Biographical Sketches 451 

vate tutor. Furniture and tapestry dealer. Active in community 
and county organizations, PTA. Member Community Betterment; 
Patriotic Sons of America, having held all offices of local camp as 
well as Deputy State President. Methodist; Supt. of Sunday School, 
Trustee, Lay Leader and Sunday School Teacher. Married Miss 
Margie Arney, November 5, 1929. One daughter: Jeroiene, now- 
Mrs. T, G. Messick, Jr. Address: Route 9, Lenoir, N. C. 

ALLEN EDGAR ASKEW 

Allen Edgar Askew, Democrat, Representative from Gates , 
County, was born in Eure, N. C, March 6, 1918. Son of William 
John and Venie (Piland) Askew. Attended Eure Grammar School, 
1925-1932; Gatesville High School, 1932-1936; Elon College, B.A., 
1940. Merchant. Mason, Lodge 126, Gatesville. Served in U. S. 
Army from February 4, 1940, to September 27, 1945, with Sixth 
Electrification Authority. Representative in the General Assembly 
Armored Division with rank of Corporal. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1951. Member of Christian Church; Teacher 
of Men and Women Sunday School Class. Married Miss Martha 
Elizabeth Stokes, July 18, 1944. One son: Allen Edgar Askew, Jr. 
Address: Gatesville, N. C. 

BILL ATKINS 

Bill Atkins, Democrat, Representative from Yancey County, was 
born in Sioux, N. C, September 4, 1909. Son of Press and Martha 
(Peterson) Atkins. Attended Clearmont High School, 1926-1930; 
Mars Hill Junior College; Asheville University Law School, 1932- 
1934, LL.B. Attorney at Law. Member North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation; Yancey County Bar Association. County Attorney for 
Yancey County, 1945, 1946, 1949, 1950. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1951. Married Miss Mary Willie Lisenbee, Au- 
gust 22, 1934. One daughter: Marietta Atkins, born July 22, 1940. 
Address: Burnsville, N. C. 

OSCAR GARLAND BARKER 

Oscar Garland Barker, Democrat, Representative from Durham 
County, was born in Gary, Wake County, North Carolina, January 
12, 1896. Son of Brinkley Dickerson and Martha (Johnson) Barker. 



452 North Carolina Manual 

Kducated Durham City Schools and Trinity College, completing 
law course at Trinity in 1923. Lawyer, specializing in consultation 
and civil practice. Member of North Carolina Bar Association and 
Durham County Bar Association. Durham Lodge Masons, No. 352; 
Sudan Temple Mystic Shrine. Formerly newspaper editor, having 
.sei'ved with editorial staffs of Durham Herald, Durham Sun and 
Greensboro Record. Represented Durham County in North Caro- 
lina General Assembly in 1935, 1937, special session of 1938, 1943, 
1945, 1947 and 1951. Candidate for Congress in Sixth District in 
1939 and 1941. Held numerous important legislative committee 
assignments and was Chairman Courts and Judicial Districts Com- 
mittee in 1937. Baptist; Teacher Men's Bible Class First Baptist 
Church, Durham, v.'hich was named Barker Bible Class in 1941. 
Member Board of Deacons. Married Miss Sarah Mae Terry, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1923. Address: Durham, N. C. 



WILLL4M HILL BARXETT 

William Hill Barnett, Democrat, Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in Spencer, N. C, January 9, 1905. Son of Callia 
L. (Lowe) and the late William Hill Barnett. Attended Spencer 
Grammar Schools and Spencer High Schools, 1912-1923; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 2 years; Catawba College, l^/^ years. Claim 
Agent for Southern Railway Company. Mayor of Spencer since 
1949. Member Spencer Lodge No. 543, Ancient, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Master, 1948; Knights of Pythias; President, Salis- 
bury Kiwanis Club; Vice Chairman Rowan County Red Cross. 
Member Central Methodist Church of Spencer; Treasurer, 1947- 
1951; Member Board of Stewards since 1947. Address: 101 N. 
Yadkin Avenue, Spencer, N. C. 



HERBERT CLIFTON BLUE 

Herbert Clifton Blue, Democrat, Representaive from Moore 
County, was born in Hoke County, N. C. (then Cumberland), 
August 28, 1910. Son of John Patrick and Christian (Steward) 
Blue. Graduated from Vass-Lakeview High School in 1929. Pub- 
lisher "The Sandhill Citizen," Aberdeen, N. C. Member, Town of 
Aberdeen Board of Commissioners, 1945; President, Moore County 



Biographical Sketches 453 

YDC Club, 1941-1946; Elected Eighth Congressional District YDC 
Chairman, 1946; Secretaiy North Carolina Young Democratic 
Clubs, 1947-1948; President North Carolina Young Democratic 
Clubs, 1948-1949; Secretary State Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee, 1949 to present time; Member Moore County Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee; Moore County representative on Eighth Dis- 
trict Congressional Committee. Former President, Central Caro- 
lina Press Association; Secretary-Treasurer, Aberdeen Tobacco 
Board of Trade. Charter member, Aberdeen Lions Club; President 
of the Club for the 1946-1947 term; Zone Chairman 1947-1948. 
Mason. Woodman of the World. President Vass-Lakeview High 
School Alumni Association, 1933-1935; also 1942 to the present. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1947, 1949 and 1951. 
Presbyterian. Sei-ved as Superintendent of Cypress Sunday School, 
1930-1940; Deacon in Cypress Church, 1931-1941; Superintendent, 
Bethesda Presbyterian Sunday School, 1940 to present time; Dea- 
con, Bethesda Church, 1941-1946; Elected Elder, Bethesda Church, 
1946. Married Miss Gala Lee Nunnery, July 4, 1937. Three chil- 
dren: Patricia Joyce, age 10; Herbert Clifton, Jr., age 8; John 
Lee, age 3, Address: Abei'deen, N. C. 

JOSEPH BRANCH 

Joseph Branch, Democrat, Representative from Halifax County, 
was bom in Enfield, N. C, July 5, 1915. Son of James C. and 
Laura (Applewhite) Branch. Graduated from Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1938, with LL.B. Degree. Lawyer. Member of the Enfield 
Lions Club; Young Business Men's Association. Mason. Served in 
the armed foi'ces of the United States from May 25, 1943, to No- 
vember 29, 1945, Representative in the General Assembly of 1947, 
1949 and 1951. Baptist. Married Miss Frances Jane Kitchen. Ad- 
dress: Enfield, N. C. 



ROBERT EARLEY BRANTLEY 

Robert Earley Brantley, Democrat, Representative from Volk 
County, was boi'n in Zebulon, N. C, January 19, 1900. Son of 
R. F. and Mrs. Lecy (Puckett) Brantley. Attended Wakelon High 
School, graduating in 1916. Theatre Owner and Operator. Chair- 



454 North Carolina Manual 

m;in of the Board of County Commissioners of Polk County, 1947- 
1950. Director, Tryon Bank & Trust Company; Chairman of Har- 
mon Field Commission; Past President Tryon Rotary Club; Past 
President Ti-yon Merchants Association; Past President Tryon 
Chamber of Commerce; Past Director of Tiyon Countiy Club; 
Past Treasurer Polk County Red Cross. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1951. Member Congregational Church. Married 
Miss Sallie V. Baker, January 28, 1925. Three children: Mrs. Jean 
Brantley Durham, Mrs. Marguerite Brantley Howell, and Emily 
Rose Brantley. Address: Tryon, N. C. 

FRANK H. BROWN, JR. 

Frank H. Brown, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Jackson 
County, was born at Cullowhee, September 21, 1915. Son of Frank 
H. and Hattie (Norton) Brown. Attended Cullowhee High School, 
1928-1982; Western Carolina Teachers College, 1932-1935; Honor 
Graduate, N. C. State College, 1937, B.S. (Agriculture). Farmer 
and J.Ierchant. Chairman Jackson County Board of Public Wel- 
fare; Chairman Jackson County Soil Conservation District; Mem- 
ber N. C. National Park Parkway and Forest Development Com- 
mission. First Vice-President N. C. Agriculture Foundation. Mem- 
ber N. C. Farm Bureau; N. C. Grange; Cullowhee Lions Club; 
Lieutenant in the U. S. Navy, May 1, 1942 to March 12, 1946. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Meth- 
odist. Board of Tiiistees, Cullowhee Methodist Church. Married 
Miss Elsie W. Earp, July 31, 1943. Two children: Frank H. 
Brown, III, born October 31, 1948; Martha Susan, born February 
16, 1951. Address: Cullowhee, N. C. • 

CHARLES KING BRYANT, SR. 

Charles King Bryant, Sr., Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in Iredell County, April 25, 1894. Son of R. J. 
and Lydia C. (White) Bryant. Graduated from High School, 1913; 
New York Electrical School, 1914-1916, Electrical engineer and 
farmer. Member, American Institute of Electrical Engineers; Na- 
tional Industrial Service Association. Member, Gastonia Elks Club; 
Gastonia Rotary Club, Past President. President, Piedmont Council 



Biographical Sketches 455 

Boy Scouts of America. Member, Electric Contractors Industiy 
Advisory Committee, Department of Commerce, Washington, D. C. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1951. Presbyterian. 
Married Miss Mary L. Miller, June 30, 1915. Five children: four 
boys, one girl; six grandchildren: four boys, two girls. Address: 
New Hope Road, Gastonia, N. C. 

ROBERT MYRON CARR 

Robert Myron Carr, Democrat, Representative from Duplin 
County, was born near Rose Hill, N. C, December 10, 1900. Son 
of Solan Clarence and Susan Ann Carr. Graduated from Burgaw 
High School, 1918; Bowen's Business College, Columbia, S. C, 
September, 1919. Distributor Gulf Oil Products, Wallace, since 
March 12, 1927. Member Duplin County Board of Education since 
1934, Chairman for past fourteen years. Member Wallace Lodge 
No. 595 A.F. & A.M., Master, 1934; Junior Order United Ameri- 
can Mechanics. President of Wallace Deer Club since 1935. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1951. Presbyterian. Married 
Miss Lela Smith, December 21, 1921. Three children: Christine, 
Margaret Ann, and Bobby. Address: Wallace, N. C. 

DAVID CLARK 

David Clark, Democrat, Representative from Lincoln County, 
was born in Lincolnton, N. C, July 4, 1922. Son of Thorne and 
Mabel (Gossett) Clark. Attended Lincolnton High School, 1935 to 
1939; Darlington School, 1939 to 1940; Washington and Lee Uni- 
versity, 1941 to January, 1943, 1946; University of North Carolina 
Law School. Lawyer and Farmer. Member Phi Delta Phi; Phi 
Delta Theta; Knights of Pythias; V. F. W., Vice-Commander; 
American Legion. Mason. Co-chairman of N. C. Citizens Com- 
mittee for Hoover Report, 1951. Chairman, Lincoln County Red 
Cross, 1950, 1951. Member Junior Chamber of Commerce, State 
Chairman of Americanism Committee, 1950. First Lieutenant, Air 
Force, 1943 to 1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1951. Presbyterian. Married Miss Kathryn King Goode of Char- 
lotte, N. C, April 18, 1951. Address: Lincolnton, N. C. 



456 North Carolina Manual 



H. MANLY CLARK, SR. 



H. Manly Clark, Sr., Democrat, Representative from Bladen 
County, was born in that county, February 4, 1891. Son of David 
J. and Cornelia J. Clark. Wholesale oil jobber, automobile dealer, 
farmer and operator of tobacco warehouses. Owner and operator 
of Waccamaw Oil Transport Co. Sheriff of Bladen County, 19:^2- 
1946. Member Masonic Lodge. Sen-ed in World War I with rank 
of Corporal, 1917-1919. Baptist. Married Miss Mary Robertson, 
June 30, 1925. Children: H. M. Clark, Jr.; Giles R. Clark; David 
K. Clark; Rogers H. Clark. Address: Box N, Elizabethtown, N. C. 

ROY COLUMBUS COATES 

Roy Columbus Coates, Democrat, Representative from Johnston 
County, was born in Johnston County, July 4, 1918. Son of Joseph 
B. and Lula (Smith) Coates. Attended Wilsons Mills Elementary 
School, 1924-19:U; Smithfield High School, 1932-1936; North Caro- 
lina State College, 1937-1939. House moving contractor. Member 
Carolina Roadbuilders Association. Member 4-H Club during school 
days; 4-H State Champion Seed Judging Team, 1935; State Presi- 
dent of 4-H Clubs, 1935. Entered military service in 1940 with rank 
of Private; received pilot training as Aviation Cadet and commis- 
sioned Second Lieutenant upon graduation; received subsequent 
promotions up to Major in U. S. Army Air Forces and released 
from active duty December 6, 1946. Baptist; Deacon; Assistant 
Director of Baptist Training Union, 1951-1952. Married Miss Lacy 
Ruth Powell, December 24, 1942. One daughter, Kaye Ruth Coates. 
Address: Route 3, Smithfield, N. C. 



THEODORE JOSEPH COLLIER 

Theodore Joseph Collier, Democrat, Representative from Pam- 
lico County, was born in Wayne County, October 16, 1908. Son of 
Josiah and Matilda (Johnson) Collier. Attended Pikeville Ele- 
mentary and High School, 1914-1925; University of North Caro- 
lina, 1929, A.B. Degree. Lumber Manufacturer and Dealer in 
Building Supplies. Teacher and principal in Pamlico County 
Schools from 1930-1942; in Washington County, 1942-1945. Chair- 
man of Board of Directors, Craven-Pamlico Library Service. 



Biographical Sketches 457 

Mason. Member of Ruritan Club; Triangle Club. Sigma Phi Epsilon 
and Phi Beta Kappa Fraternities. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Methodist; Steward; Member and 
Treasurer of Board of Trustees and Board of Directors of Camp 
Don-Lee, Inc.; Lay Leader. Married Miss Mildred Muse of Oriental, 
N. C, October 25, 1930. Two children: Joseph, 12 years old, and 
Betsy, 7 years old. Address: Arapahoe, N. C. 

LEWIS L. COMBS 

Lewis L. Combs, Democrat, Representative from Tyrrell County, 
was born in Tyrrell County September 23, 1909. Son of Benjamin 
B. and Estelle (Patrick) Combs. Attended Wake Forest College 
from 1929-33, B.S. Degree. Principal and teacher in N. C. Public 
Schools for ten years. Farmer. Mason, Providence No. 678, 32nd 
Degree Scottish-Rite. Member of New Bern Consistory No. 3; 
Sudan Temple, A. A. O. N. Mystic Shrine, New Bern. Member 
0. E. S. Columbia Chapter 281; Ruritan. Member of Farm Bureau. 
Representative in the General Assembly in 1949. Baptist, Married 
Miss Dorothy Liverman September 1, 1935. Two children: Carol 
Ann, 8 years; Dorothy Lynn, 2 years. Address: Columbia, N. C. 

ALEXANDER COREY 

Alexander Corey, Democrat, Representative from Martin County, 
was born at Jamesville, N. C, June 30, 1879. Son of Joseph and 
Hannah Jane (Daniel) Corey. Attended County Rural School, 1884- 
1886; Turlington High School, 1900-1901; Correspondence Course 
Surveying and Engineering 1914-1916; Read Law under A. R. 
Dunning, 1916-1919. County Surveyor. Member of North Caro- 
lina Society of Surveyors; Knights of Pythias; Woodmen of the 
World; Modem Woodmen of America, State Lecturer, 1927-1935. 
Mayor of Jamesville, 1910-1920; Postmaster of Jamesville, 1914- 
1918; State Engineer for State Health Department, 1933-1936; 
County Surveyor, 1940-1948. Engrossing Clerk of Senate, 1923- 
1931. Representative in the General Assembly of 1949. Baptist; 
served as Church Clerk; Pastor of one Church for 25 years. Mar- 
ried Miss Lillian Jane Riggs of Mayesville, N. C, December 24, 
1914. Four children: Marvin W. Corey, David A. Corey, Esther 
Marie Corey and Clifford C. Corey. Address: Jamesville, N. C. 



458 North Carolina Manual 

WALTER EDGAR CRISSMAN 

Walter Edgar Crissman, Democi'at, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in Suriy County, N. C, December 11, 1902. 
Son of Charles E. and Ollie (Huff) Crissman. Attended High Point 
High School and graduated in 1922. A.B., University of North 
Carolina, 1926; University Law School. Lawyer. Member Ameri- 
can Bar Association; N. C. State Bar and High Point Bar Associa- 
tions. State Councillor Junior Order United American Mechanics 
1947-1948 and 1950-1951; Member Masonic Order. Member High 
Point Kiwanis Club. Member Chi Psi Fraternity. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951. Baptist; 
Superintendent Sunday School since 1938. Married Miss Wilma 
Planzer, April 6, 1935. Two children: one son, 2 years of age, one 
daughter, age 2 months. Address: High Point, N. C. 



WALTER DEAN 

Walter Dean, Republican, Representative from Macon County, 
was born in Franklin, N. C, September 13, 1891. Son of Hender- 
son Davis and Alice (Morgan) Dean. Graduated from Franklin 
High School in 1914. Bookkeeper for Macon County Supply Com- 
pany of Franklin, N. C. County Accountant for Jackson County, 
1927-1930. Deputy Sheriff and Assistant Tax Collector for Macon 
County, 1942-1951. Member of First Baptist Church of Franklin. 
Formerly, Sunday School Superintendent and now serving as Chair- 
man of Board of Deacons. Married Miss Timmie Clouse, April 23, 
1916. One son, Frank Henderson Dean of Franklin, N. C; one 
daughter, Mrs. Winston Baughn of Brevard, N. C. Address: Frank- 
lin, N. C. 

DAVID P. DELLINGER 

David P. Dellinger, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in that county. Son of John C. and Barbara 
(Glenn) Dellinger, a relative of the late Governor Robert B. Glenn. 
Attended the public schools and Sylvanus Erwin Nonnal Institute, 
Waco, N. C, 1893-1896; Rutherford College (Old), 1897-1899, 
A.B. Degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1900. 
Licensed by the Supreme Court, September, 1900. Lawyer. Deliv- 



j 

Clark of Linfoln 
Coates of Johnston 
Collier of Pamlico 



Combs of Tyrrell 
Corey of Martin 

Crissman of Guilford 



Dean of Macon 

Bellinger of Gaston 

Doughton of Alleghany 



Edwards of Greene 
Eller of Wilkes 
Etheridge of Dare 



Falkner of Vance 
Falls of Cleveland 

F'isher of Cumberland 



Fisher of Transylvania 
Floyd of Columbus 
Floyd of Robeson 




f^l^'^^ 




4G0 North Carolina Manual 

ered Alumni Address, Rutherford College, commencement, 1912 
and again in 1926. Mayor of Cherryville, 1901-1902, and 1933- 
1935. City Attorney, 1900-1935. Clerk to Committee on Finance, 
1909. Executive Vice-President Rhyne-Houser Manufacturing 
Company; Local Counsel Seaboard Air Line Railway since 1913. 
Representative in the General Assembly of the extra session, 1912 
and regular sessions of 1913, 1925, 1937, 1943, 1945, 1947 and 1951. 
Reading Clerk in House of Representatives, 1915, 1917, 1919, 1921, 
1923, and 1927. Chairman, Committee on Insurance, 1925. Chair- 
man, Committee on Propositions and Grievances, 1937. Masonic 
Lodge life member; Royal Arch Mason; Knights Templar; Oasis 
Temple Shrine; Scottish Rite; Thirty-third Degree Mason; Re- 
ceived Thirty-third Degree in Masonry with Harry S. Truman as 
active candidate; Inspector General Honorary; Pa^t Chancellor 
Commander, Knights of Pythias; D.O.K.K.; Junior Order United 
American Mechanics; Improved Order of Red Men; Member all 
Scottish Rite Bodies. Served Cherryville Masonic Lodge over 
twenty-five years as Master; Past District Deputy Grand Master, 
28th District. Past Grand Representative of the Grand Lodge of 
Arizona, twelve years. Baptist; Sunday School Superintendent 
twenty years; Organizer and Clerk, Gaston County Baptist Asso- 
ciation of sixty-four churches and 25,000 members; Clerk of Asso- 
ciati'^n, twenty-seven years. Married Miss Grace Abernethy of 
Rutherford College in 1903. One daughter: Mrs. Howard Ham- 
rick of New Orleans, La. One grandchild. Address: Cherry- 
ville, N. C. 

JAMES KEMP DOUGHTON 

James Kemp Doughton, Democrat, Representative from Alle- 
ghany County, was born at Sparta, N. C, May 18, 1884. Son of 
Rufus A. and Sue (Parks) Doughton. Attended Oak Ridge Insti- 
tute and University of North Carolina. Farmer. Formerly bank 
official; State and National Bank Examiner; Manager Richmond 
Agency Reconstruction Finance Corporation; General Agent and 
Chairman Board Farm Credit Administration, Baltimore. Repre- 
sentative in General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Methodist. First 
marriage to Miss Josephine Brown of Raleigh, N. C. Three chil- 
dren. Second marriage to Miss Ivy G. Doughton of Laurel Springs. 
Address: Stratford, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 461 



ALONZO CLAY EDWARDS 



Alonzo Clay Edwards, Democrat, Representative from Greene 
County, was born at Hookerton, N. C, September 29, 1904. Son of 
Dr. G. C. and Catherine (Herman) Edwards. Attended schools of 
Hookerton, 1910-1921; Trinity College 1921-1924. Farmer. Member 
Greene County Agricultural Adjustment Administration Committee 
1935-1940; Chainnan, 1938-1940; North Carolina Farm Bureau 
State Membership Chairman 1942-1948 and Member of State Execu- 
tive Committee 1937-1953. Representative from North Cai-olina to 
the National Farm Bureau Convention 1938, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 
1950, 1951 and 1952; President North Carolina Farm Bureau 1949- 
1950; awarded "Distinguished Service Award for Agriculture — 
1952" presented by North Carolina Farm Bureau. Director, Peanut 
Growers Cooperative 1942-1953. Director Coastal Plain Soil Con- 
servation District 1942-1953; President, North Carolina Association 
of Soil Conservation District Supervisors, 1946; Comrnissionei-, 
Town of Hookerton 1931-1940; Chairman United War Fund for 
Greene County 1943, 1944, 1945. Mason; Jerusalem Lodge No. 95. 
A. F. & A. M., Knights Templar; Royal Arch Masons; Sudan 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. Shrine; Junior Order United American 
Mechanics; Trustee, Jr. O.U.A.M. Children's Home, Lexington, 
N. C, 1941-1953; State Councilor, 1944-1945; National Representa- 
tive, Jr. O.U.A.M., 1945-1949; B.P.O. of Elks; Lambda Chi Alpha; 
State Board of Education, 1943-1948; Chairman, Duke National 
Council 1951-1952; Member N. C. Advisory Budget Commission, 
1949-1953; Member Board of Awards, 1949-1953. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951. 
Methodist; Steward, 1928-1953, Charge Lay Leader Hookerton 
Circuit, 1935-1953; Sunday School Superintendent, 1942-1953. Mar- 
ried Miss Bettie Hardy Taylor, Febioiary 20, 1935. One son, Alonzo 
Clay Edwards, Jr. Address: Hookerton, N. C. 



HENRY PRITCHARD ELLER 

Heniy Pi'itchard Eller, Republican, Representative from Wilkes 
County, was born in Purlear, N. C, on October 15, 1904. Son of 
Robert Lee and Flora (Minton) Eller. Attended Boiling Springs 
School. Transportation business and merchant. Member North 
Wilkesboro Kiwanis Club, Director, 1949-1950; North Wilkesboro 



462 North Carolina Manual 

Chamber of Commerce. President, Catawba Transit Co., Inc., 
Hickory, N. C; Wilkes Transportation Company; Eller, Kilby & 
Brown. Member Knights of Pythias; Dokies; Junior Order United 
American Mechanics. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1951. Methodist. Married Miss Georgia Elizabeth Johnson, June 
28, 1930. One son: Robert H. Eller, age 21. Address 223 C. St., 
North Wilkesboro, N. C. 

ROBERT BRUCE ETHERIDGE 

Robert Bruce Etheridge, Democrat, Representative from Dare 
County, was born at Manteo, July 31, 1878. Son of Van Buren and 
Matilda Etheridge. Attended public schools of Manteo and Atlan- 
tic Collegiate Institute, Elizabeth City; A.B. Trinity College (now 
Duke University) 1899. Cashier Bank of Manteo 1907-1933. Gen- 
eral Insurance. Clerk Superior Court, Dare County; Superintend- 
ent of Schools; Member State Executive Committee 1928-1952; 
Postmaster, Manteo 1914-1922; County Chairman Democratic 
Executive Committee. State Senator from Second District 1907. 
Representative in General Assembly 1903, 1905, 1929, 1931, 1933, 
and 1951. Director Department of Conservation and Development 
1933 to May, 1949. Member New York World's Fair Commission. 
Chairman Ex-officio Cape Hatteras National Seashore Commission. 
Mason, Treasurer Masonic Lodge twelve years; Junior Order; 
Woodmen of America; Red Men; Kappa Sigma (College fi'ater- 
nity). Married Miss Elizabeth Webb, April 22, 1908. Address: 
Manteo, N. C. 

ELVIN O. FALKNER 

Elvin 0. Falkner, Democrat, Representative from Vance County, 
was born in Henderson, N. C, Febi-uary 15, 1903. Son of Hammie 
0. and Eugenia Hicks Falkner. Attended Vance County Public 
Schools; Elon College, 1919-1920. Owner of Falkner's Building 
Supply Company. Clerk of Vance County Superior Court, 1934- 
1950. President of State Association of Clerks of Superior Court, 
1940. Director Home Building and Loan Association; Director In- 
dustrial Bank of Henderson. Member Henderson Kiwanis Club, 
Past President, 1940; Henderson Executive Club; Director Hender- 



Biographical Sketches 463 

son Chamber of Commerce. Member Henderson Lodge No. 1681 
B.P.O.E.; Scottish Rite, 32nd Degree Mason; York Rite Mason; 
Improved Order of Red Men; Patriotic Order Sons of America. 
Methodist; Member Board of Trustees and Board of Stewards, 
First Methodist Church of Henderson. Married Miss Ruby Wood- 
lief, July 7, 1923. Children: Mrs. Annie F. McGregor and John H. 
Falkner. Address: 160 Young Avenue, Henderson, N. C. 

BAYARD THURMAN FALLS, JR. 

Bayard ThuiTtian Falls, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Cleveland County, was born at Shelby, N. C, September 14, 1911. 
Son of B. T. and Selma E. Falls. Att&nded Shelby Public Schools, 
1917-1929; LL.B., Wake Forest College, 1939. Lawyer. Member 
North State Bar. Gamma Eta Gamma, Law Fraternity. President 
Shelby Junior Chamber of Commerce. Charter member Shelby 
Lodge No. 1709 B.P.O.E. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1943, 1949 and 1951. Episcopalian. Married Miss Sara Hines, 
November 12, 1938. Two children: Betsy Falls, age 10, Selma 
Falls, age 6. Address: Shelby, N. C. 

RALPH RUDOLPH FISHER 

Ralph Rudolph Fisher, Republican, Representative from Transyl- 
vania County, was born at Greenville, S. C, February 3, 1892. Son 
of Dr. W. C. and Rhoda Emma (Walker) Fisher. Attended Colum- 
bus Institute, 1903-1904; Furman Fitting School, Greenville, S. C, 
1909-1910; Mars Hill College, 1910-1914; Wake Forest College, 
1917. Lawyer. President, Eighteenth District Bar; President, 
North Carolina Railroad Company. President, Brevard Chamber of 
Commerce, 1941. Sei-ved in World War I, 1917-1919. Seven times 
Commander Munroe Wilson Post 88, American Legion; Dept. Mem- 
bership Chairman, 1949-1950; Delegate to National Convention at 
Omaha, Neb., 1943; Fifth Division Commander, 1949-1950; Mem- 
ber, Administrative Committee N. C. Department of American 
Legion. Noble Grande in Odd Fellows; Council Commander, Wood- 
men of the World. ChaiiTnan, Republican County Executive Com- 
mittee; Member State Republican Executive Committee; Delegate 
to Republican National Convention at Philadelphia, 1940. Repre- 



464 North Carolina Manual , 

sentative in General Assembly, Regular Session, 1921; Special Ses- 
sion, 1922; Regular Session, 1945, 1949, and 1951. Minority leader, 
1953 Session. Member of First Baptist Church, Brevard. Married 
Miss Thelma Richardson, of Marion, Va., January 31, 1923. Ad- 
dress: Brevard, N. C. 

TROY ANCIL FISHER 

Troy Ancil Fisher, Representative from Cumberland County, 
was born in Cumberland County, December 12, 1909. Son of W. L. 
and Rosa Belle (Allen) Fisher. Attended Cedar Creek School and 
Stedman High School, 1916-1928. Farmer. Member of North Caro- 
lina Farm Bureau; President of Cumberland County Farm Bureau; 
Member of Board of Directors of North Carolina Farm Bureau; 
A. A. A. Committeeman, 1940-1948. Meriiber of Woodmen of the 
World. Representative in the General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. 
Baptist; Member of Board of Trustees since 1946. Married Miss 
Bertha Miller, Januaiy 21, 1940. Four daughters: Nancy Rose 
Fisher, age 12; Maiy Ancil Fisher, age 9; Helen Troy Fisher, age 
7; Bertha Sue Fisher, age 5; two sons: William L. Fisher, age 4, 
and Troy A. Fisher, Jr., age 1. Address: Route 5, Fayetteville, N. C. 

FRANCIS WAYLAND FLOYD 

Francis Wayland Floyd, Democrat, Representative from Robe- 
son County, was born in Lumberton, N. C, May 23, 1904. Son of 
Francis A. and Nora Mae (Lewis) Floyd. Attended Robeson 
County Schools, Faimiont High School; Wake Forest College; 
Wake Forest Law School. Attorney at law and fanner. Member 
of N. C. State Bar; Ninth Judicial Bar Association; Robeson 
County Bar Association. Solicitor, Robeson County Recorder's 
Court, 1936-1940 and 1944-1948. Member Fainnont Civitan Club, 
Past President; Past Lieut. Governor of N. C. District Civitan 
International; W. O. W.; Mason, Fairmont Lodge, No. 528, A. F. & 
A. M.; Scottish Rite Mason; Sudan Temple, A. A. O. N. M. Shrine; 
Past President of Fairmont Chamber of Commerce. Attorney for 
Town of Fairmont, 1936-1946. Representative in General Assem- 
bly in 1949 and 1951. Baptist. Married Miss Meddie Thompson 
(now deceased) July 5, 1926. Two sons: Robert Francis Floyd and 
Edwin Oliver Floyd. Address: Fairmont, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 465 

WILLIAM F. FLOYD 

William F. Floyd, Democrat, Representative from Columbus 
County, was born at Green Sea, S. C, November 3, 1907. Son of 
Dr. J. W. and Rebecca (Cunningham) Floyd. Attended Tabor City 
High School, 1921-1925; University of North Carolina for two 
years. General Insurance Business. Member National, State and 
County Insurance Associations. County Commissioner, 1946-1948, 
1948-1950; Chairaian of Board, 1950-1952. Secretary Whiteville 
Civitan Club. Entered U. S. Army, March 21, 1942; OCS Septem- 
ber 12, 1942 and commissioned December 13, 1942; separated as 
Captain, October 14, 1945. Presbyterian. Married Miss Maiy Le- 
sesne Brown, May 10, 1942. Children: Mary Frances, age 9; Joseph 
Walker, age 5; William Frederick, Jr., age 3. Address: Whiteville, 
N. C. 

JACOB WILBERT FORBES 

Jacob Wilbert Forbes, Democrat, Representative from Camden 
County, was born in that county. Son of Jacob Foster and Ida 
(Dozier) Forbes. Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1933- 
1934; Wake Forest College, 1934-1936. Farmer. Member South 
Ruritan Club (Camden); Masonic Order, Lodge No. 54, A. F. & 
A. M. Baptist; Secretary of Sunday School. Married Miss Jerry 
Louise Wilcox, November 28, 1936. Children: Larry, age 14; Marie, 
age 9; Ida, age 6. Address: Shiloh, N. C. 



BENJAMIN EAGLES FOUNTAIN 

Benjamin Eagles Fountain, Democrat, Representative from 
Edgecombe County, was born in that county, January 17, 1897. 
Son of Almon L. and Louisa (Eagles) Fountain. Attended Edge- 
combe County Schools; Tarboro High School; John Graham Pre- 
paratoi-y School, Warrenton, 1915-1917; University of North Caro- 
lina, 1917-1918; Law School, 1921-1923. Lawyer, farmer, realtor. 
Member Rocky Mount and N. C. Bar Associations. Member Board 
of Trustees, Rocky Mount City Schools, 1934 to 1947; Trustee of 
Greater University of N. C; Government Appeal Agent, Local 
Draft Board No. 2, Edgecombe County, 1940-1942. Served in U. S. 
Navy, 1918; member American Legion; Commander Coleman Pitt 



466 North Carolina Manual 

Post, 1927-1928. Presbyterian; Deacon since 1937; Chairman Board 
of Deacons 1941-1942. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1943, 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951, Married Miss Emmie Jane Green 
of Fountain Inn, S. C, June 14, 1928. Children: Benjamin Eagles, 
Jr., Arthur Green and Jane Bryson. Address: Rocky Mount, N. C. 

JOSEPH RALPH FOWLER, JR. 

Joseph Ralph Fowler, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Surry 
County, was born in Faison, N. C, November 17, 1925. Son of 
Joe R., Sr. and Bernie (Allen) Fowler. Attended Mt. Airy High 
School, 1938-1942; University of North Carolina, 1942-1943; Cor- 
nell College, Mt. Vernon, Iowa, 1946-1948, A.B. in Political Science 
and Economics. Automobile dealer. Member N. C, Automobile Deal- 
ei"'s Association, Area Chairman 1950-1953; National Automobile 
Dealer's Association; Farm Bureau, Phi Delta Theta; Mu Lamda 
Sigma, Vice President and Pledge Master, 1947; Renfro Masonic 
Lodge No, 691, A. F, & A, M. of Mt. Airy; Lions Club, Vice Presi- 
dent 1950 and Zone Chainnan 1951, Suriy County Y.D.C., Vice 
President 1945 and President 1948-1949; Chainnan Fifth District 
Y.D.C, 1950-1951; Central Division Organizer of Y,D,C. in 1951, 
United States Navy, H,A,l/c, Aviation Cadet, active duty August 
1943 to September 1945; inactive duty, September 1945 to Septem- 
ber 1947. Methodist. Married Miss Patricia Shine, September 25, 
1945, Two children: Glory Williams Fowler and Joy Allen Fowler, 
Address: 118 East Lebanon St,, Mt, Airy, N, C. 

WILEY EDWIN GAVIN 

Wiley Edwin Gavin, Republican, Representative from Randolph 
County, was born in Sanford, N, C, March 3, 1921. Son of E. L. 
and Mary Caudle Gavin. Attended Sanford Grammar Schools, 
1927-1934; Sanford High School, 1934-1938; Wake Forest College, 
1938-1942, B.S. Degree; Wake Forest Law School, 1946-1948, LL.B, 
Served in U. S, Army, 1942-1946; October 1950-April 1952, First 
Lieutenant, Judge Advocates Gen, Corps, Baptist; Deacon since 
1949. Address: 113 Sunset Avenue, Asheboro, N. C. 



ilies of Camden 
•■(juntain of Edgecombe 
Fowler of Surry 



vin of Randolph 
Gentry of Ashe 

Gillette of Mecklenburg 



ihhle of Forsyth 
(Ii Kidman of Mecklenburg 
Goodman of Stanly 



iccne of Hoke 
' Gregory of Harnett 
Hargett of Jones 



'.iimon of Avery 
Hewlett of New Hanover 
Hicks of Mecklenburg 



[olmes of Perquimans 
Hunt of Guilford 

Johnson of Alexander 




468 North Carolina Manual 

TODD H. GENTRY 

Todd H. Gentry, Democrat, Representative from Ashe County, 
was born in Ashe County, April 23, 1912. Son of J. B. and Leora 
(Trivett) Gentry. Graduated from West Jefferson High School, 
1932; attended Lees McRae College. Secretary-Treasurer of Oak 
Flooring Company, Inc., West Jefferson, N. C. Member of Ashe 
County Chamber of Commerce. Elk; Mason; Shriner. Director, 
Jefferson Rotary Club. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1949 and 1951. Chaiman of the Ashe County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee 1944-1952. Methodist; Steward. Married Nina 
Houck, September 1, 1934. Children: Tony, Diane and Sara. Ad- 
dress: West Jefferson, N. C. 



CHARLEY NEWTON GILLETTE 

Charley Newton Gillette, Democrat, Representative fi-om Meck- 
lenburg County, was born in Egypt, N. Y., March 7, 1884. Son of 
James B. and Cora Elizabeth (Walker) Gillette. Attended Fair- 
port, N. Y. Graded and High School, 1890-1902. Retired after 
completing forty-five years with tnick and commercial trailer com- 
panies. Manager Fi-uehauf Trailer Company, Charlotte, N. C, 1940- 
1947; District Manager, Seldon Track Company, 1916-1924. Mem- 
ber Charlotte Traffic Club; North Carolina Truck Owners Associa- 
tion; Charlotte Executives Club; Charlotte Red Fez Club. Mason, 
Joppa Lodge No. 530; Shriner, Oasis Temple. Presbyterian; Dea- 
con, 1951. Married Miss Mary Henderson, December 6, 1916. One 
daughter, Maiy Elizabeth. Address: 2311 Hopedale Ave., Char- 
lotte, N. C. 

FLEETUS LEE GOBBLE 

Fleetus Lee Gobble, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Davidson County, N. C, January 1, 1891. Son 
of John H. and Frances (Foster) Gobble. Attended Public Schools 
Davidson County 1897-1910. Entered Atlanta Barber College Janu- 
ary 2, 1911 and completed course. Barber. Barber and Beauty 
School Operator. Member Associated Master Barbers of America; 
President State Association Master Barbers 1934-1935. Member 
Educational and Legislative Committee since 1935. Member Wil- 



Biographical Sketches 469 

son Democratic Club. Member of Chamber of Commerce. Member 
House of Representatives 1941, 1943, 1945, 1949 and 1951. Meth- 
odist. Treasurer 1926-1928; President Men's Bible Class 1925-1926; 
Board of Stewards 1925-1932. Married Miss Blanche Evans. Three 
children: Juanita, Dr. Fleetus L., Jr., and James F. Address: 
Route 4, Winston-Salem, N. C. 



ARTHUR GOODMAN 

Arthur Goodman, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Portsmouth, Virginia, March 12, 1897. Son 
of Solomon and Sophia (Steel) Goodman. Attended Grammar 
and High School, Portsmouth, Va., until 1916; private business 
college, Norfolk, Va., 1916; Duke Law School, 1930-1932. Lawyer. 
Member American Bar Association: N. C. Bar Association; Meck- 
lenburg County Bar Association. Life Member Mecklenburg 
County Humane Society, President, 1938-1944. Member Pied- 
mont Kennel Club; President, 1941. President N. C. Associa- 
tion of Jewish Men, 1935-1939. Served in U. S. Navy, 1917, 1918. 
Gamma Eta Gamma Legal Fraternity. Phalanx Masonic Lodge; 
Oasis Shrine; B'nai B'rith; Forty and Eight, American Legion; 
Adjutant Hornet Nest Post No. 9, 1938; War Dads; Life Member 
Disabled American Veterans, N. C. State Commander, 1941; Com- 
mander Queen City Chapter No. 10, 1939. Synagogue, Secretary 
Temple Israel, 1934-1939; President, 1939-1940; Member Execu- 
tive Board, Temple Beth El, Charlotte, 1942-1943. Representative 
in the General Assembly, 1945. President United Cerebral Palsy 
of N. C, 1952. Married Miss Katherine Cohen, Buffalo, N. Y., 
July 8, 1924. Two children, Elizabeth and Arthur, Jr. Address: 
1721 Westbury Road, Charlotte, N. C. 



SPENCER BROWN GOODMAN 

Spencer Brown Goodman, Republican, Representative from Stan- 
ly County, was born in Richfield, N. C, October 22, 1917. Son of 
L. Q. and Nora (Brown) Goodman. Attended Davidson College, 
B.S. Degree, 1938, Farmer and businessman. Captain in the 
Armed Forces, Januaiy, 1942 to February, 1946. Now Major ORC 
with 318 TC Trk Bn., Albemarle, N. C. Representative in the 



470 North Carolina Manual 

General Assembly of 1951. Methodist. Steward, Richfield Meth- 
odist Church. Married Miss Sara Moss Goodman, November 30, 
1939. One daughter: Vicky Brown Goodman. Address: Richfield, 

N. C. 

HARRY ALEXANDER GREENE 

Hariy Alexander Greene, Democrat, Representative from Hoke 
County, was born in Rock Hill, S. C, March 11, 1898. Son of 
James Alfred, Sr., and Mabel (Andrews) Greene. Fertilizer and 
cotton dealer. Coroner, Hoke County, 1945-1946. Judge, Hoke 
County Recorder's Court, 1952. Thirty-second Degree Mason; 
Shriner, Sudan Temple. Trustee, Greater University of North 
Carolina, 1949 to present. Member, North Carolina Wildlife Re- 
sources Commission, 1947-1950. Sergeant, 1917-1919 in the Army 
of the U. S.; First Lt., N. C. National Guard, 1923-1929. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1947, 1949 and 1951. Pres- 
byterian, Deacon, 1942 to present. Married Miss Hazel Hatsell, 
August 14, 1937. Two children: Frances "Ward Greene and James 
Worthy Greene. Address: Raeford, N. C. 



CARSON GREGORY 

Carson Gi'egory, Democrat, Representative from Harnett Coun- 
ty, was born in that county, August 11, 1911. Son of Alex and 
Carra (Parrish) Gregoiy. Attended Campbell College one year. 
Farmer, dealer in dairy cattle, breeder of Registered Spotted 
Poland China Swine. Member Board of Directors N. C. Spotted 
Poland China Breeders Association. Member Local AAA Com- 
mittee of Harnett County for several years; former Chairman 
and Vice Chairman of Harnett County Farm Bureau; Commis- 
sioner Harnett County, December 1948 to December 1950. Repre- 
sentative from Harnett County in the General Assembly of 1951. 
Member Woodmen of World; J.O.U.A.M. Coats Council No. 417; 
Mason, Angler Lodge No. 686; Shriner; Coats Fellowship Club. 
Married Miss Blanche Williams, November 4, 1939. Three chil- 
dren: Carson Gregory, Jr., Joe Gregory and Frances Gregoiy. 
Address: Rt. 2, Angier, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 471 

JOHN McKENZIE HARGETT 

John McKenzie Hargett, Democrat, Representative from Jones 
County, was born in Jacksonville, N. C, July 15, 1899. Son of 
John Sandlin and Olivia (Steed) Hargett. Graduated from Tren- 
ton High School in 1917; University of North Carolina, 1917-1921, 
A.B. Degree; also various summer schools. Farmer and ser\ace 
station owner. Served as high school teacher and principal for 
twenty-two years. Several times Vice Chairman of Jones County 
P.M.A. Committee and former member F.H.A. Committee. Past 
member Blue Lodge Mason of Trenton and Royal Ai-ch (7 degrees) 
of New Bern. Served in U. S. Army from October 1, 1918 to 
December 11, 1918 while a student at University of North Caro- 
lina. Methodist. Married Miss Linda lona Thigpen, September 11, 
1942. Address: Route 2, Trenton, N. C. 



ROY A. HARMON 

Roy A. Harmon, Republican, Representative from Avery Coun- 
ty, was born at Beech Creek, November 2, 1894. Son of William 
M. and Mary M. (Harmon) Harmon. Attended Beech Creek Ele- 
mentary School 1903-1909; Appalachian Training School 1910- 
1913. Taught in Public Schools of Watauga and Avery Counties. 
Banker. Sergeant, United States Army from February 3, 1915 to 
October 15, 1919. Four years' sei'^'ice in Philippine Islands. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1925. Senator from the 
Thirtieth District in the General Assembly of 1931 and 1947. 
Republican candidate for Congress 10th Congressional District 
1948. Member of J.O.U.A.M., Masons, Order of Eastern Star and 
American Legion. Business Manager, Grace Hospital, Banner Elk, 
North Carolina, fi'om 1931 to present time. Methodist. Married 
Miss Alma B. OUis, December 23, 1923. One daughter, Mildred, 
Jacksonville, Florida. Address: Elk Park, N. C. 



ADDISON HEWLETT, JR. 

Addison Hewlett, Jr., Democrat, Representative from New Han- 
over Countj% was born at Masonboro Sound, Wilmington, N. C, 
May 4, 1912. Son of Addison, Sr. and Ethel (Herring) Hewlett. 



472 North Carolina Manual 

Attended Masonboro Elementary School, 1918-1924; New Hanover 
Hish School, Wilmington, 1924-1929; Wake Forest Collej-e, B.S., 
1938; Wake Forest Law School, 1933-1934. Attorney at Law. 
Member, New Hanover County Bar Association; President, 1948; 
North Carolina Bar Association. Member, Improved Order of Red 
Men, Sachem of Cherokee Tribe No. 5, 1937; Wilmington Civitan 
Club, President, 1941; American Legion, Commander of Wilming- 
ton Post No. 10, 1948. Trustee of Wake Forest College, 1950. 
Entered Army as private, June 12, 1942; separated as Captain, 
March 11, 1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 1951. 
Baptist. Married Miss Annie Crockett Williams, .June 19, 1939. 
One son: Theodore Herring Hewlett. Address: Masonboro Sound, 
Wilmington, N. C. 

ERNEST LEE HICKS 

Ernest Lee Hicks, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Ionia, Michigan, September 15, 1892. Son of 
John Thomas and Gazella (Clark) Hicks. Attended Ionia High 
School, Ionia, Michigan; Olivet College, Olivet, Michigan; Uni- 
versity of Michigan; Pre-Medical, University of Michigan. Auto- 
mobile Dealer; President, Pettit Motor Company of Charlotte, 
N. C. Member N. C. Automobile Dealers Association; National 
Automobile Dealers Association; Charlotte Automobile Dealers 
Association, President and Director; Charlotte Merchants Asso- 
ciation, Director; Charlotte Chamber of Commerce; National Small 
Business Men's Association; member of Legislative Committee of 
N. C. Automobile Dealers Association, 1950; National Ford Dealer 
Council, 1952. Member American Legion; Joppa Lodge, No. 530- 
AF and AM, Past Master, 1930-1931; Carolina Consistory; Char- 
lotte Oasis Temple; Charlotte Executives Club; Charlotte Red Fez 
Club; Charlotte City Club; Myers Park Country Club; Charlotte 
Rotary Club, President, 1951-52 and member Board of Directors, 
1949. Former Director, Community Chest Board. Ensign, United 
States Naval Reserve Force, with active duty from October, 1917 
to July, 1919. Member Covenant Presbyterian Church, Deacon 
since 1927. Married Miss Susan Garth Bible, May 3, 1920. Chil- 
dren: John Darwin Hicks; Marilee Clark Hicks (now Mrs. John 
N. McLaughlin); Suzanne Jones Hicks. Address: 500 Clement 
Avenue, Charlotte, N, C. 



Biographical Sketches 473 

CARROLL RANSOM HOLMES 

Carroll Ransom Holmes, Democrat, Representative from Per- 
quimans County, was born in Benson, N. C, August 6, 1902. Son 
of John William and Emily Wilmouth (Britt) Holmes. Attended 
Fork Union Military Academy, 1921-1922; Wake Forest College, 
B.S., Civics, 1926; University of North Carolina Law School, 1926- 
1928. Attorney at law. Member, N. C. State Bar. Prosecuting 
Attorney, Perquimans County Recorder's Court, 1943-1944. Mem- 
ber, Perquimans Lodge, A. F. & A. M. No. 106, Jr. and Sr. 
Warden and Secretary; York Rite Masonic Bodies, Elizabeth City, 
N. C. Director, Hertford Rotary Club; Elizabeth City Executives 
Club. Representative in the General Assembly of 1951. Baptist; 
Chaii-man, Board of Deacons, 1949, 1950, 1951. Married Miss Han- 
nah Mae Fleetwood, June 12, 1929. One daughter, Catherine Anne; 
one son, John W., IIL Address: Hertford, N. C. 



JOSEPH MARVIN HUNT, JR. 

Joseph Mai-vin Hunt, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in Greensboro, N. C, October 19, 1906. Son 
of Joseph M., Si", and Pattie (Kirkman) Hunt. Attended River- 
side Militaiy Academy, graduating in 1924; Duke University. 
General insurance business; Vice President, Wimbish Insurance 
Agency, Member Greensboro Association of Insurance Agents; 
Greensboro Chamber of Commerce; ]\Iayor Pro Tem, Town of 
Hamilton Lakes. Methodist; Member Board of Stewards, Muir's 
Chapel Methodist Church, 1948-1950. Married Miss Grace Boren, 
October 21, 1933. Children: Joseph M. Hunt, Jr., born July 2, 
1939; Etta Elizabeth Hunt, born August 18, 1947. Address: 3308 
Starmount Drive, Greensboro, N. C. 



EDWIN R. JOHNSON 

Edwin R. Johnson, Democrat, Representative from Currituck 
County, was born near Currituck Court House, September 10, 1868. 
Son of Silas P. and Carolina (Coulter) Johnson. Attended public 
school and Atlantic Collegiate Institute of Elizabeth City. Mer- 
chant. Chaimian County Democratic Executive Committee, 1893- 
1937. Member State Senate, 1909, 1917; Representative in the 



16 



474 North Carolina Manual 

General Assemblies of 1919, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1929, 1931, 1937, 
1949 and 1951. Chairman Board of County Commissioners, 1907- 
1909; former Chairman Board of Education. Food Administrator 
for Currituck County durinp: World War I. Chairman Highway 
Commission, 1923-1924; Chairman Game Commission, 1923-1924. 
Married Mrs. Genevieve HoUoman, 1910. Address: Currituck. N. C. 

FRED WILLIAN JOHNSON 

Fred William Johnson, Republican, Representative from Alex- 
ander County, was born in that county, February 23, 1906. Son 
of Everette C. and Emo (Burgess) Johnson. Graduated from 
Taylorsville High School in 1928. Farmer. Member Taylorsville 
First Baptist Church. Deacon; Superintendent Adult Sunday 
School; President of Adult Training Union; Sunday School Teacher 
for past 20 years. Married Miss Thelma Nell Shaver, 1933. Chil- 
dren: Two boys and one girl. Address: Taylorsville, N. C. 

JOHN YATES JORDAN, JR. 

John Yates Jordan, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Elizabethton, Tenn., June 8, 1896. Son 
of John Yates and Meena (Smith) Jordan. Attended Asheville 
High School, 1910-1914; Mars Hill College, 1914-1915; University 
of North Carolina, 1915-1918, 1920-1921; University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1917-1918, 1920-1921. Lawyer. Served as 
American Vice Consul, Brest, France, 1918-1920. Member Bun- 
combe County, North Carolina and American Bar Associations; 
International Association of Insurance Counsel; Commercial Law 
League of America; American Judicature Society. President Bun- 
combe County Bar Association, 1936. ChaiiTnan Asheville Boxing 
Commission, 1932-1939 and 1943-1952. Member Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, Asheville Lodge No. 1401; Mount Her- 
mon Lodge No. 118 A.F. & A.M.; Asheville Consistory A. & 
A.S.R.; Oasis Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. Potentate Oasis Temple, 1949. 
Baptist. Address: 86 Midland Drive, Asheville, N. C. 



ohnson of Currituck 
Jordan of Buncombe 
Kemp of Wayne 



<ilpatrick of Pitt 
Kiser of Scotland 

Leinbach of Catawba 



jittle of Anson 
Long of Alamance 
Maddrey of Hertford 



Vlartin of Swain 
Mauney of Cherokee 
McKinney of Mitchell 



Mills of Rutherford 
Mobley of Carteret 
Moore of Clay 



Moore of Wilson 
Murphy of Pender 

O'Hanlon of Cumberland 




/fX^ '^, 




^h 



476 North Carolina Manual 

WILLIAM POWELL KEMP 

William I'owell Kemp, Democrat, Representative from Wayne 
County, was born in Easton, Maryland, July 19, 1899. Son of 
William H. and Sallie K. (Powell) Kemp. Attended Easton (Md.) 
Public Schools, 1905-1913; George School (Pa.), 1914-1917; Swarth- 
more College, B.A., 1921. Furniture Manufacturer. Phi Kappa 
Psi, Swarthmore College. Director Southern Furniture Manu- 
facturers Association. Member Goldsboro Chamber of Commerce 
and Rotary Club. Private, S.A.T.C, Swarthmore College, 1918. 
Society of Friends. Married Miss Elizabeth Middleton Atherholt, 
June 8, 1922. Children: William P. Kemp, Jr.; Robert L. Kemp; 
Philip S. Kemp. Address: 1518 E. Mulberry St., Goldsboro, N. C. 



FRANK MARION KILPATRICK 

Frank Marion Kilpatrick, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was bom in Grifton, North Carolina, 1891. Son of Frank 
Marion and Emma (Wilson) Kilpatrick. Attended public school 
in Grifton until 1908; Johnson Bible College, Knoxville, Tennessee 
1909-1910; Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, Virginia, 1911-1912; 
Graduate of Southern Shorthand and Business College of Virginia, 
1913. Fai-mer and Realtor. Served on Pitt County A.A.A. Com- 
mittee for about ten years. Past president of Pitt County Farm 
Bureau; Member of Pitt County Executive Committee since 1936. 
Member of Ay den Rotaiy Club since 1930; President of Rotary 
Club 1940; Elected Delegate to Rotaiy International, Havana, 
Cuba in 1940. Counselor of Junior Order; Thirty-second Degree 
Mason; Member of Ayden Lodge No. 498, A.F. & A.M.; Member 
of New Bern Consistory No. 3; Scottish Rite Masonry; Sudan 
Temple, A. A. O. N. Mystic Shrine, New Bern, North Carolina. 
Charter member of Pitt County Executive Club; Member of Pitt 
County Highway Commission for several years prior to the time 
the State took it over; Member of Board of County Commissioners 
1936-1940; Member of Town Aldermen of Ayden 1940-1946; Mem- 
ber of Pitt County Democratic Executive Committee since 1936; 
Member of State Board of Control of Mental Institutions; Member 
of Alcoholic Re-habilitation. Member of State Board for extending 
fire protection to rural sections. Representative in the General 
Assembly 1947, 1949 and 1951. Member of Ayden Christian 



Biographical Sketches 477 

Church; Deacon for about 15 years. Married Miss Irma Cannon, 
December 25, 1923. Two children: Frank Kilpatrick, Jr., Ayden, 
N. C, and Mrs. R. O. Creech, Jr., La Grange, N. C. Address: 
Ayden, N. C. 

ROGER CLINTON RISER 

Roarer Clinton Kiser, Democrat, Representative from Scotland 
County, was born in Yadkin Township, Stokes County, August 30, 
1894. Son of Edwin Riser and Amy Florence (Butner) Riser. 
Attended public and private schools in Stokes County; Pied- 
mont High School, Cleveland County; Guilford College; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina; Teachers College of Columbia University. 
Teacher and farmer. Mason. Rotarian. Legionnaire. Member Chris- 
tian Church. Representative from Scotland County in the General 
Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Married Miss Gertrude Margaret 
Bedell, Ridgewood, N. J., August 14, 1926. Two children: Dorothy 
May Riser and Edwin Marten Riser. Address: 318 Vance St., 
Laurinburg, N. C. 

ROY EZRA LEINBACH, JR. 

Roy Ezra Leinbach, Jr., Republican, Representative from Cataw- 
ba County, was born in Landisburg, Pennsylvania, July 13, 1909. 
Son of Roy E. and Mary Catherine (Nessly) Leinbach. Attended 
Elm Street School, High Point, N. C, 1916-1920; Carlisle High 
School, Carlisle, Pa., 1921-1926; Wyoming Seminary, Rinston, Pa., 
1927-1928; Catawba College, 1933, B.S.; Theological Seminaiy, 
Lancaster, Pa., 1936, B.D. Minister. Member of the Newton-Con- 
over Ministerial Association; The Western Ministerial Association 
of the Southern Synod of the Evangelical and Reformed Church. 
Mason, Masonic Lodge No. 248, Newton, N. C; Scottish Rite, Oasis 
Temple, Charlotte, N. C; Shriner; Junior Warden, 1952; Trustee, 
1950-1952 of Catawba Lodge No. 248. Member of Riwanis Club, 
Past President and Lieut. Gov. of Division Two; Vice President 
of Catawba County Red Cross Chapter; Past Chairman of Newton- 
Recreation Commission; Past President and member Executive 
Committee, Catawba College Alumni Association; member of Exec- 
utive Board of Piedmont Council of Boy Scouts of America; 
member of Catawba Valley Executive Club; Chairman of Catawba 



478 North Carolina Manual 

County Civilian Defense; Vice-President of Catawba County 
Club; Director of Foothills Shrine Club. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1951. Member of The Evangelical and Re- 
formed Church. Married Miss Alma Bernice Wagoner, September 
8, 1943. Children: Linda Ann, age eight; Nancy Kay, age seven; 
Roy William, age five. Address: Box 66, Newton, N. C. 



HAL W. LITTLE 

Hal W. Little, Democrat, Representative from Anson County, 
was born at Wadesboro, N. C, August 11, 1905. Son of Heniy W. 
and Effie (Allen) Little. Attended Wadesboro High School and 
Duke University. Merchant and fanner. Member and President 
of Rotary Club; Member and President of Anson Executive Club; 
Woodmen of the World. Anson County Commissioner. Captain, 
United States Army, July 11, 1942 to January 16, 1946. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Methodist; 
Chairman Board of Stewards. Married Miss Mary Louise Robbins, 
June 9, 1944. Two children: Dora Anne Little and Henry Wall 
Little, in. Address: Wadesboro, N. C. 



GEORGE ATTMORE LONG 

George Attmore Long, Democrat, Representative from Alamance 
County, was born in Graham, North Carolina, March 10, 1911. 
Son of J. Dolph and Hannah (Attmore) Long. Attended Graham 
Public Schools, 1919-1926. A.B. Degree, University of North Caro- 
lina, 1930; LL.B. Degree, 1932. Attorney at law. Member Ameri- 
can Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; North 
Carolina State Bar; President, Alamance Bar Association, 1950; 
Chairman, Burlington Planning Board, 1950-1951. Solicitor, Ala- 
mance General County Court, 1943-1946; Judge 1948-1950. Mem- 
ber Phi Beta Kappa Fraternity. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1951. Episcopalian. Married Miss Helen Brooks Long, 
October 16, 1937. Children: James Eugene Long, Hannah Eliza- 
beth Long, and Julia Margaret Long. Address 1201 West Davis 
Street, Burlington, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 479 

CHARLES GORDON MADDREY 

Charles Gordon Maddrey, Democrat, Representative from Hert- 
ford County, was born at Seaboard, N. C, November 9, 1904. Son 
of J. T. and Rowena Milner (Stephenson) Maddrey. Attended 
Seaboard High School, 1911-1922; Wake Forest College, A.B. 
Degree, 1926; University of North Carolina, several summers. 
Farmer and merchant. Past President Hertford County Farm 
Bureau. Member of Rotary Club; Past President Chamber of 
Commerce; Past President Scotland Neck Kiwanis Club; Vice 
President State Farm Bureau; member Beechwood Country Club. 
Executive member East Carolina Council BSA. Mason. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Baptist. 
Teacher of Young Men's Bible Class. Married Miss Mabel Claire 
Hoggard, December 26, 1931. Two sons: Charles Hoggard Mad- 
drey, age 16; Joseph Gordon Maddrey, age 11. Address: 421 N. 
Colony Ave., Ahoskie, N. C. 



WALLACE W. MARTIN 

Wallace W. Martin, Democrat, Representative from Swain 
County, was born in Bryson City, N. C. Son of W. T. and Sarah 
E. Martin. Attended Swain County High School, 1939-1943; Marion 
Military Institute, 1943-1944; M. S. Naval Academy, 1945-1947; 
Western Carolina Teachers College, 1947-1948, A.B. Degree; Appa- 
lachian State Teachers College, 1949-1950, M.A. Degree. High 
school teacher. Coached all three sports in high school for three 
years. Helped to pay tuition in college by working as a pro- 
fessional wrestler and boxer on week ends and during vacations. 
Served in U. S. Navy, 1944-1947; Ensign in Naval Reserve. Mem- 
ber American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars. Methodist. 
Married Miss Ann Bryson of Bryson City, N. C, March 8, 1952. 
Address: Bryson City, N. C. 



RICHARD PASS MAUNEY 

Richard Pass Mauney, Democrat, Representative from Cherokee 
County, was born in Murphy, N. C. Son of Thomas J. and Kate 
(Haigler) Mauney. Attended University of Georgia. Cashier, 
N. C. State Treasury Department, Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity. Past 



480 • North Carolina Manual 

President Raleigh Chapter of American Business Clubs; Past Lt. 
Governor of 2nd District of American Business Clubs. Served in 
World War II with rank of Sergeant. Methodist. Married Miss 
Kathryn Morrow. One daughter: Kathy Marie Mauney. Address: 
Murphy, N. C. 

BROWN McKINNEY 

Brown McKinney, Republican, Representative from Mitchell 
County, was born in Bakersville, N. C, November 22, 1886. Son 
of C. L. and Laura (Pannell) McKinney. Attended Bowman Acad- 
emy of Bakersville, 1900-1904; Stanley-McCormick Academy 
of Burnsville, 1904-1908. Retired county official. Teacher in 
Mitchell County Schools, 1905-1910; Treasurer of Mitchell County, 
1910-1912; Clerk of Superior Court, 1912-1922; Assistant County 
Accountant, 1930-1948. Chairman Mitchell County Republican 
Executive Committee, 1948-1950. Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons. Baptist. Married Miss Frances Buchanan, June 5, 1910. 
Children: Mrs. G. D. Wilson, John McKinney, Milton McKinney, 
Jake McKinney and Mrs. R. S. Deneen. Address: Bakersville, N. C. 



GEORGE HENRY MILLS 

George Henry Mills, Democrat, Representative from Rutherford 
County, was born in Rutherfordton, N. C, on August 5, 1895, the 
son of the late Colonel John Craton Mills, NCNG, and the late 
Lenora Poole Mills. Attended public schools of Rutherfordton, 
Bingham Military School of Asheville, and the United States Naval 
Academy at Annapolis, Md. Upon graduation from the Naval 
Academy served on battleships, light and heavy cruisers, destroy- 
ers, aircraft carrier and transports. Served as aide to the Com- 
mandant of the Charleston, S. C, Navy Yard and as Officer-in- 
Charge of Naval Recruiting in North and South Carolina. In 1931, 
thirteen years after graduation from the Naval Academy entered 
training in lighter-than-air and was designated Naval Aviator 
(Airship). Served in rigid airships in this country and was a 
Naval Observer on German airships in Europe and in South 
America. In World War I served in the Atlantic Fleet. In World 
War II in airship commands in Atlantic and in transport in 
Atlantic and Pacific areas. Holds the Legion of Merit, Service 



Biographical Sketches 481 

Medals for World Wars I and 11, the American Defense Medal 
and Campaign Medals for American Theatre, European-African- 
Middle East Theatre, and Asiatic-Pacific Theatres. Commanded 
Naval Air Stations Lakehurst, N. J., and Moflfett Field, Calif.; 
Blimp Group, Blimp Wings, and Naval Airships, Atlantic Fleet, 
and USS Hermitage. In 1949 retired from active duty after hold- 
ing all ranks from ensign to commodore. Retired as Commodore, 
U. S. Navy, and returned to Rutherfordton. Director of Civil 
Defense for Rutherford County; President Rutherford Country 
Club; Commander Fred Williams Post No. 75, American Legion; 
Immediate Past Chairman Rutherford County Chapter American 
Red Cross; Chairman of Official Board, First Methodist Church of 
Rutherfordton; Vice President and President elect of the Kiwanis 
Club of Rutherfordton; Director in the Rutherford County Chapter 
N. C. League for Crippled Children; member of the Executive 
Board Boy Scouts of America, Rutherford County District; Vice 
President and Director of the Cleveland-Rutherford Executives 
Club. In 1923 married Leonore E. Wickersham of Corning, N. Y. 
One daughter v.'ho is now married and living in Los Altos, Calif. 
One Grandson. Address: 703 North Main Street, Rutherfordton, 
N. C. 

HOWARD EARLE MOBLEY 

Howard Earle Mobley, Democrat, Representative from Carteret 
County, was born in Aiken, S. C, March 13, 1907. Son of William 
Lewis and Johnanna (Perminter) Mobley. Attended Aiken High 
School, 1920-1923; Carnegie Tech, 1927, Business Administration 
and Petroleum Economics. Automobile dealer. Member National 
Automobile Dealers Association; North Carolina Automobile Deal- 
ers Association; The Society of American Automobile Dealers; 
Safety Committee N. C. Automobile Dealers Association, 1950- 
1953; Sec'y Harold Ickes' Jobber-Dealers Council, Petroleum 
Administration For War, 1942. Member Morehead City Hospital 
Board of Governors, 1949-52. Member Pi Kappa Phi social fra- 
ternity. Mason; B. P. Order of Elks No. 1710; Morehead City 
Rotary Club. Commissioned Lieutenant (jg) August 20, 1943; 
advanced to rank of Lieutenant Commander; placed on inactive 
duty April, 1946. Member St. Andrews Episcopal Church 
of Morehead City; Jr. Warden, 1951-1953; member Vestry St. 



482 North Carolina Manual 

Pauls Episcopal Church of Beaufort, N. C, 1949-1951. Married 
Miss Hattie J. Carrow of Kinston, N. C, April 17, 1940. One 
daughter: Ann Mobley, born Februaiy 5, 1943. Address: 2406 
Evans Street, Morehead City, N. C. 



HARVE M. MOORE 

Harve M. Moore, Democrat, Representative from Clay County, 
was born in Hayesville, N. C, February 4, 1887. Son of T. C. and 
Callie (Caldwell) Moore. Attended Hayesville schools, 1906-1909; 
Tennessee Summer School, 1910-1911; N. C. Summer Schools, 
1912-1939; Cullowhee Teachers College, 1940, Class A. Teachers 
Elementary Certificate. Teacher and Farmer. County Commis- 
sioner, 1930-1934; 1938-1946. Member of the Junior Order United 
American Mechanics. R. S. Secty., 1915-1952; Member Board 
Trustees, Lexington Orphans Home, Lexington, N. C, 1946-1952. 
Methodist; Superintendent and Teacher in Sunday School 1940- 
1950. Representative in the General Assembly of 1947 and 1951. 
Married Miss Delta Aithur Moore, Benton, Tenn., 1910. Children: 
seven living, two deceased. Address: Hayesville, N. C. 



LARRY ICHABOD MOORE, JR. 

Larry Ichabod Moore, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Wil- 
son County, was born in Greenville, N. C, January 26, 1904. Son 
of Lari-y L and Ella (King) Moore. Attended New Bern Public 
Schools 1910-1920; University of North Carolina, A.B. course 
1920-22; B.S. course 1922-24; Law 1924-26. Lawyer, farmer and 
dairyman. Solicitor Wilson County General County Court 1929- 
1934. Representative in the General Assembly of 1939, 1941, 1943, 
1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951. County Attorney, Wilson County since 
1943; Past President, Second Judicial District Bar Association; 
Past President Wilson County Young Democrats Club; served 8 
years as Director, General Alumni Association of the University 
of North Carolina and several years as President of Wilson 
County Alumni Association; member State Board of Health, 1943- 
1944; member Advisory Budget Commission; member Beta Theta 
Pi Social Fraternity and Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Mem- 
ber Farm Bureau, State Grange, Mason (Past Master); Royal 



Biographical Sketches 483 

Arch Mason, (Past High Priest), Mt. Lebannon Council, No. 13, 
Royal and Select Masters (Past Illustrious Master); Knights 
Templar (Past Commander); Shriner, Past President Wilson 
County Shrine Club; Member of Benevolent and Protective order 
of Elks (Exalted Ruler 1941-42; Wilson Lodge No. 840, Honor- 
ary Life Member). Married Miss Grace Thompson Februai-y 7, 
1946. Three daughters, Grace Thompson Moore, born November 
26, 1946; Meta King Moore and Frances Holt Moore (twins) born 
June 21, 1950; one son, Larry I. Moore, HI, born July 1, 1948. 
Address: Wilson, N. C. 

ASHLEY MONROE MURPHY 

Ashley Monroe Murphy, Democrat, Representative from Pender 
County, was born in Atkinson, N. C, August 14, 1909. Son of 
John Alexander, Sr. and Mary (Campbell) Murphy. Graduated 
from Atkinson High School, 1926. Attended N. C. State College, 
1930; University of North Carolina; Emory University, A.B., 
LL.B., 1934. Farmer and Veterans Instructor. Member, Alpha 
Lambda Tau Social Fraternity; Elks Club; Atkinson Ruritan Club, 
Secretary 1950-1952; American Legion Post No. 165; Veterans of 
Foreign Wars Post No. 9961. Sergeant, U. S. Army, Jan. 19, 1942 
to Dec. 5, 1945, serving in Africa and Italy with 1st Armored Divi- 
sion, 27th F.A. Presbyterian; Elder. Married Miss Alice Hill 
Reeves, Januaiy 18, 1947. One Daughter: Priscilia Katherine 
Murphy. Address: Box 87, Atkinson, N. C. 

ISAAC H. O'HANLON 

Isaac H. O'Hanlon, Democrat, Representative from Cumberland 
County, was born in Fayetteville, N. C, September 5, 1911. Son 
of the late George A. and Dora (Hawley) O'Hanlon. Attended 
Haymount Graded School, 1918-1924; Fayetteville High School, 
1924-1930; Wake Forest College. Pest Control Manager, Orkin 
Exterminating Co., Inc. Member National Pest Control Associa- 
tion, Inc.; Fayetteville Chamber of Commerce; Fayetteville Execu- 
tives Club; Knights of Pythias. Chairman Cumberland County 
Chapter of Infantile Paralysis since 1947; President Cumberland 
County Youth Council; President Kiwanis Little League (Base- 



0"Hciriiti of Mcckleiiliurfj 
Palmer of Haywocid 
Perkins of McDowell 



T'hiliioft of Davidson 
I'itlman of Hii-hmon.l 
I'ou of Wakt 



Powell of RockinRliain 
Qiiinn of Cabarrus 
Ramsey of Madison 



Randall of Iredell 
Regan of Robeson 

Rodenbough of Stokes 



Rodman of Beaufort 
Sanders of Durham 
Satterfield of Person 



Sawyer of Pasquotank 
Scott of Chatham 
Shreve of Guilford 




Biographical Sketches 485 

ball); Director Fayetteville Kiwanis Club; Director Cumberland 
County Chapter American Red Cross. Episcopalian; Supt. Sunday 
School and member of Vestry since 1946. Married Miss Emma 
Merle Sikes, September 1, 1935. Two children: William Hawley 
O'Hanlon and Edward Wilkins O'Hanlon. Address: Box 1068, 
Fayetteville, N. C. 



EDWARD M. O'HERRON, JR. 

Edward M. O'Herron, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Meck- 
lenburg County, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, November 6, 
1915. Son of Edward M. and Salley E. O'Herron. Attended Culver 
Military Academy 1930-1934; U. S. Naval Academy; University of 
North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 1938. Merchant. Captain, U. S. 
Marine Coi'ps, 1942-1946. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1951. Episcopalian. Married Miss Margaret Aston Blackman, 
October 14, 1938. Four children. Address: 128 North Tryon St., 
Charlotte, N. C. 

JOSEPH HARDY PALMER 

Joseph Hardy Palmer, Democrat, Representative from Haywood 
County, was born in that county, September 17, 1919. Son of Glenn 
C. and Fannie R. (Ferguson) Palmer. Attended Clyde High School; 
North Carolina State College, 1942, B.S. Degree in Animal Hus- 
bandry. Daily man-farmer. Member Waynesville Lions Club; 
Waynesville Post of American Legion. Sergeant, United States 
Marine Corps, 1942-1945. Methodist. MaiTied Miss Elise DeLozier, 
November 6, 1949. Two sons. Address: Route 1, Clyde, N. C. 



SAMUEL RICHARD PERKINS 

Samuel Richard Perkins, Democrat, Representative from Mc- 
Dowell County, was born in Danville, Va., December 11, 1914. Son 
of Richard Thornton and Augusta (Francis) Perkins. Attended 
Oxford High School, Oxford, N. C, graduating in 1931; Wake For- 
est College, 1934-1938; Wake Forest MecUcal School, 1938. Mer- 
chant. Member Marion Merchants Association, President, 1949; 
Marion Kiwanis Club, President, 1950. Veteran of World War II; 



486 North Carolina Manual 

Warrant Officer Junior Grade, 1944-1946, with twenty-one months 
in South Pacific area. Presbyterian; Board of Deacons since 1948. 
Married Miss Margaret Morrison of Moi-ven, N. C, Januaiy 28, 
1939. Children: Richard Morrison, age 2; Margaret Elizabeth, age 
10. Address: 437 S. Garden St., Marion, N. C. 

HARVEY CLOYD PHILPOTT 

Harvey Cloyd Philpott, Democrat, Representative from David- 
son County, was born in Bassett, Va., April 6, 1909. Son of Ben- 
jamin Cabell and Daisy (Hundley) Philpott. Attended Lexington 
High School, 1921-1925; Virginia Military Institute, A.B. Degree, 
1929. Furniture manufacturer; President, United Furniture Corpo- 
ration of Lexington, N. C. President Southern Furniture Manufac- 
turers' Association, 1950-19.51; Director Mutual Building and Loan 
Association. Member Lexington School Board, 1934-1945, Chair- 
man, 1943-1945; Lexington Utilities Commission, 1949-1952. Mayor 
of Lexington, 1945-1949. Member Junior Order United American 
Mechanics; Patriotic Order Sons of America; Lexington Rotary 
Club, Past President, 1933-1934. Captain of Lexington Company, 
North Carolina State Guard, 1941-1946. Baptist; Deacon and Teach- 
er of Women's Bible Class; Superintendent of Sunday Sehool, 1935- 
1937; Chairman Board of Deacons, 1941-1943. Married to Miss 
Frances Thompson, June 11, 1931. Three children: Kathleen Hund- 
ley Philpott, Cloyd Philpott, Jr., and Betty Joe Philpott. Address: 
Lexington, N. C. 

JAMES HICKS PITTMAN 

James Hicks Pittman, Democrat, Representative from Richmond 
County, was born in Rockingham, North Carolina, July 26, 1918. 
Son of Ira B. and Virginia (Hicks) Pittman, Attended Rocking- 
ham High School, 1930-1934; Wingate Junior College, 1934-1936; 
Wake Forest College, 1936-1941, A.B. and LL.B. degrees. Attor- 
ney. Member North Carolina State Bar; Richmond County Bar. 
Solicitor, Richmond Coimty Special Court, 1946-1950. Sei'v^ed as 
First Lieutenant in Army Air Corps, 1942-1946. Member Rock- 
ingham Civitan Club; member American Legion. Representative in 
General Assembly of 1951. Baptist; Teacher Young Men's Bible 
Class, 1945; Superintendent Sunday School 1946 to present; mem- 



Biographical Sketches 487 

ber Board of Deacons 1946-1950; 1952. Married Miss Dorothy 
Jean Gault, December 31, 1943. Three children: Phyllis Carol Pitt- 
man, age 6; Patricia Jean Pittman, age 2; and James Hicks Pitt- 
man, Jr., age 4 months. Address: Rockingham, N. C. 

EDWIN S. POU 

Edwin S. Pou, Democrat, Representative from Wake County, 
was born in Smithfield, N. C, December 7, 1919. Son of George 
Ross and Lillian (Sanders) Pou. Attended Raleigh Public Schools; 
North Carolina State College; University of North Carolina; Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh (Scotland). Owner of general insurance 
agency. World War II, Captain, U. S. Air Force, 8th and 9th Air 
Force, serving 27 months overseas. Member of Disabled American 
Veterans; American Legion; Rotary Club; Chamber of Commerce; 
North Carolina Insurance Agents Association; Advisoiy Board of 
N. C. Forestry Association; Advisoiy Board of Associated Gen- 
eral Contractors of America (Carolinas Branch) ; National Office 
Management Association. Representative from Wake County in 
the General Assembly of 1951. Episcopalian; Vestiy Member of 
The Church Of The Good Shepherd. Married Miss Frances Cooper 
of Greenville, N. C, June 25, 1942. Four daughters: Mary Spots- 
wood, Lillian Sanders, Mildred Sanders and Frances Cooper. Ad- 
dress; 2517 Anderson Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



RADFORD GILMORE POWELL 

Radford Gilmore Powell, Democrat, Representative from Rock- 
ingham County, was born at Reidsville, N. C, December 9, 1903. 
Son of William Johnson and Ophelia (Strader) Powell. Attended 
Mt. Carmel School; Reidsville High School, 1918. Employee of 
American Tobacco Company. Former First Vice President N. C. 
State Federation of Labor; President Local 192 T.W.I.U., Reids- 
ville; President Tobacco Workers International Union, A.F. of L., 
1943-1944; Served as member of Board of Directors, Reidsville 
Chamber of Commerce, 1942-1943; Appointed by Ex-Governor 
Broughton during war to serve on Unemployment Compensation 
Board of Reidsville; Former member Junior Order of American 
Mechanics, 1925. Boy Scout worker. Representative in the General 



488 North Carolina Manual 

Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Methodist; Former Superintendent of 
Sunday School; Teacher of Men's Bible Class for twenty-four 
years. Married Miss Effie Mae Chapmon, April 11, 1925. Four chil- 
dren: Eleanor Gail Powell and Glen Hai"\'ey Powell and two sons 
deceased. Address: Route 3, Reidsville, N. C. 

DWIGHT WILSON QUINN 

Dwight Wilson Quinn, Democrat, Representative from Cabarrus 
County, was born in York, South Carolina, September 12, 1917. 
Son of William Lytle and Lucy (Wilson) Quinn. Attended Kan- 
napolis Public Schools; Night and Correspondence Schools, taking 
courses in Business Law, Bookkeeping and Accounting, Typing, 
Business Management, and Textiles. Printer. Member, Cabarrus 
County YDC, President, 1948. Precinct Registrar, 1948-1950. Mem- 
ber Education Committee. Voted Kannapolis Man of the Year in 
1948 by the Jaycees. Member, National Y.M.C.A. Young Men's 
Council. President, Inter-Club Council. Member, District Boy Scout 
Committee. Advisor to Hi-Y. Private in the U. S. Army, 1944- 
1945. Member, American Legion Post 115, serving twice as Com- 
mander; 40 & 8. Representative in the General Assembly of 1951. 
Lutheran; Church Council, 1947-1950; Secretary of Congregation, 
1947-1950; Chairman of Building Fund Drive at present; Sunday 
School Teacher, 1947-1948. Married Miss Mary Elizabeth Isenhour, 
February 23, 1936. One daughter: Linda Jo Quinn, age 15. Address: 
Box 314, Kannapolis, N. C. 

ROBERT REAGAN RAMSEY 

Robert Reagan Ramsey, Republican, Representative from Madi- 
son County, was boi-n in Walnut, N. C, August 15, 1877. Son 
of Jacob M. and Catherine S. Ramsey. Attended Madison County 
Schools and Weaver College. Merchant and dairy fanner. Past 
member Madison County Road Commission; former Sheriff of 
Madison County. Methodist. Married Miss Frances Craften Ram- 
sey. Three children. Address: Walnut, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 489 

GEORGE WASHINGTON RANDALL, JR. 

George Washington Randall, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Iredell County, was born in West Blocton, Ala., July 13, 1910. Son 
of George Washington and Carrie Leland (White) Randall. At- 
tended West Blocton, Ala. High School, 1923-1927; Alabama Poly- 
technic Institute (Auburn), 1927-1929; University of Alabama, 
1929-1931; University of Alabama Law School, 1931-1932. Office 
Manager Mooresville Mills. Member Iredell County Democratic 
Executive Committee, 1949-1951; Mooresville Planning Board; 
Mooresville Chamber of Commerce, Director; Mooresville Rotary 
Club, President 1948-1949. Member Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. 
Episcopalian; Vestryman. Married Miss Satie Graham of Sumter, 
S. C, January 19, 1935. Two children: George Robert Randall (de- 
ceased) ; Martha Leland Randall, age 5. Address: 113 West Stewart 
Ave., Mooresville, N. C. 

JOHN BRECKENRIDGE REGAN 

John Breckenridge Regan, Representative from Robeson County, 
was born at Lumberton, N. C, December 19, 19i2. Son of John 
Breckenridge and Jannatta A. (Fisher) Regan. Attended Appa- 
lachian State Teachers College, 1932-1934; Cumberland University, 
1934-1936, LL.B. Degree. Lawyer and Farmer. Member of North 
Carolina Bar Association; Robeson County Bar Association; Ninth 
Judicial District Bar, Treasurer. Solicitor of Recorder's Court, 
1938-1942. Representative from Robeson County in the General 
Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Member and twice Past Master of St. 
Pauls Masonic Lodge, Phoenix Chapter, No. 20; Member of Pales- 
tine Commandery No. 2, Fayetteville Council, No. 27, Sudan 
Temple; Grand Representative of the Grand Lodge of South Caro- 
lina to the Grand Lodge of North Carolina; Past District Deputy 
Grand Master of the 11th Masonic District. Member and twice 
President of St. Paul Rotary Club, 1946, 1947. Methodist; Superin- 
tendent of Sunday School, 1941, 1942; Teacher of Men's Bible 
Class; Member of Board of Stewards. Married Miss Mary Ann 
Brewer, December 25, 1938. Children: John Breckenridge Regan, 
III; Mary Brewer Regan, Annie Maynette Regan; George Duncan 
Regan; Katherine Paschall Regan; Steven Sears Regan; Cabel 
Jones Regan. Addi'ess: St. Pauls, N. C. 



490 North Carolina Manual 

GRACE TAYLOR RODENBOUGH 

Grace Taylor Rodenbough, Democrat, Representative from 
Stokes County, was bom in Danbury, N. C, October 5, 1899. 
Daughter of James Spotswood and Nellie Pemberton (Moon) 
Taylor. Attended Guilford College Preparatory School, 1912- 
1914; Guilford College, 1914-1917, A.B. Degree; Woman's College 
of the University of North Carolina, M.A. Degree. Supervisor 
Stokes County Schools. Agent for 3,500 acre ancestral estate; also 
manages own farm of several hundred acres. Taught for number 
of years at Salem College, Member National Educational Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Educational Association; Association of 
Supervision, Curriculum and Development; Stokes County School 
Masters Club; Stokes County Library Board; Delta Kappa Gamma 
(National Teachers' Honorary Society); Secretary Stokes County 
Unit N.C.E.A., 1938-1939, President, 1939-1940. Member Board of 
Trustees of University of North Carolina for eight years. President 
Hanging Rock Park Foundation, Inc. President Stokes County 
Young Democratic Club, 1936-1937; Vice President North Carolina 
Young Democratic Club, 1938-1939. Stokes County President, 
American Red Cross, 1942-1943; Executive Director American Red 
Cross (Tallahassee, Fla.), 1945-1946; Field Representative, Ameri- 
can Red Cross (N. C), 1946-1947; Stokes County Chairman, War 
Saving Bonds, 1943-1945. Member Daughters American Revolu- 
tion; United Daughters Confederacy; North Carolina Literary and 
Historical Association; North Carolina Society for the Preserva- 
tion of Antiquities. Presbyterian; Sunday School teacher. Married 
to Stanley Leigh Rodenbough, Jr., August 4, 1947. Two stepsons: 
Leigh and Charles, Address: "Covington", Walnut Cove, N. C. 

WILLIAM BLOUNT RODMAN, JR. 

William Blount Rodman, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Beaufort County, was born in Washington, N. C, July 2, 1889. 
Son of Col. William Blount and Addie (Fulford) Rodman. Attended 
Horner's Military Academy; Oak Ridge School; A.B., University 
of North Carolina, 1910; Law School, University of North Caro- 
lina. Licensed North Carolina Supreme Court September, 1911. 
Law firm, Rodman & Rodman, Washington, North Carolina, For- 
mer President of North Carolina Bar, Inc.; Mayor of Washington, 



Biographical Sketches 491 

1919-1920. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1937, 1939. 
Representative in the General Assembly, 1951. Lieutenant U. S. N. 
(R), World War I. Married Miss Helen Farnell, August 17, 1918. 
Address: Washington, N. C. 

RICHARD TATUM SANDERS 

Richard Tatum Sanders, Democrat, Representative from Dur- 
ham County, was born in Sherman, Texas, May 15, 1913. Son of 
J. R. and Louisa Jane (Gaskill) Sanders. Attended Central High 
School, Sherman, Texas, graduating in 1931; Austin College, 1931- 
1932; Baylor University, 1932-1935; A.B., 1935; Baylor University 
Law School, 1935-1936; Duke University Law School, 1936-1939, 
LL.B., 1939. Attorney at law. Member of law firm of Edwards 
& Sanders, Durham, N. C. Member, Durham County Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association 
(A. B. Section on Corporation, Banking & Business Law). Member 
of Staff of Duke Legal Aid Clinic, 1948-1950. Member, N. C. 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1950-1952; Past Chairman of 
Boy Scouts of America in Durham County; Executive Committee 
of Occoneechee Council of Boy Scouts of America, 1946-1950. 
Volunteered as Private in U. S. Army in May, 1942; i-eleased from 
active duty with grade of Captain, December, 1945. Captain, Offi- 
cers Reserve Corps, December, 1945- April, 1945; Adjutant, 119th 
Infantry NCNG, 30th Inf. Division, April, 1948 to date; presently 
serving as Major. Member, American Legion, Former Senior Vice 
Commander of Durham Post No. 7; Veterans of Foreign Wars; 
Amvets. Representative in the General Assembly of 1951. Meth- 
odist; member Board of Stewards, 1941-1951; former President of 
Men's Class; Teacher of Bible Class since 1948. Married Miss 
Dorothy Proctor Cole, June 1938. Three children: Richard Tatum 
Sanders, Jr., born December, 1943; Brooks Cole Sanders, born 
January, 1948; Melissa Lemuel Sanders born March, 1952. Ad- 
dress: 913 Urban Avenue, Durham, N. C. 

BYRD ISAAC SATTERFIELD 

Byrd Isaac Satterfield, Democrat, Representative from Person 
County, was born in that County on September 29, 1898. Son of 
Albert G. and Mollie E. (Paylor) Satterfield. Attended Public 



492 North Carolina Manual 

Schools of Person County, 1906-1915; Roxboro High School, 1915- 
1917; Trinity College, A.B., 1922; Columbia University, A.M., 
1925; University of Virginia, 1922; University of N. C. Lavir School, 
summer, 1927; Wake Forest Law School, summer, 1929. Farmer 
and lawyer. Received Law License, 1929. Member North Carolina 
Farm Bureau; Grange. Person County Superintendent of Schools, 
1925-1929. Private in the U. S. Army, 1918. Member American 
Legion; Forty and Eight. U. S. Engineer Corps (Real Estate 
Branch), 1941-1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1951. Methodist; Charge Lay Leader, 1950. Married Miss Sarah 
Winnie Jones, June 11, 1931. Children: Mary Emily Satterfield; 
Winnie Davis Satterfield; Byrd Austin Satterfield. Address: Tim- 
berlake, N. C. 

BASCOM SAWYER 

Bascom Sawyer, Democrat, Representative from Pasquotank 
County, was born in Camden County, July 20, 1888. Son of Coi-- 
nelius and Mary Elizabeth Sawyer. Attended Camden High School. 
Merchant. Member Chamber of Commerce; City Council, 1921- 
1923, 1929-1933; President Merchants Bureau for two years; Trus- 
tee, Graded School, 1924-1928; City Fire Commission, 1947-1951. 
Mason, Scottish Rite, Shriner; Jr. O.U.A.M., Recording Secretaiy 
fourteen years, three terms as State Representative, three terms 
as Councilor. Methodist; Member Official Board since 1926; Chair- 
man Finance Committee for five years; Board of Trustees; Presi- 
dent Men's Bible Class for three years. Married Miss Lillian 
Beriy, April 7, 1908. Three children: one son, Bascom Sawyer, 
Jr., killed in World War IL Address: 1127 Riverside Drive, Eliza- 
beth City, N. C. 

W. HERMAN SCOTT 

W. Herman Scott, Democrat, Representative from Chatham 
County, was born near Chapel Hill on April 19, 1904. Son of Wil- 
liam and Blanche (Arnold) Scott. Attended public schools of Chat- 
ham County, 1907-1920. Merchant, farmer and realtor. Sergeant 
at Arms in the Senate, 1935-1949. 32nd Degree Mason; Shriner, 
Oasis Temple of Charlotte, N. C. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1951. Methodist. Married Miss Tina Mason, 1941. 
Address: Rt. 3, Chapel Hill, N. C. 



Snioot of Davie 
Speight of Bertie 
Stone of Forsyth 



Swindell of Hyde 

Taylor of Buncombe 
Taylor of Warren 



I 
Thomas of Johnston 
Turner of Guilford 
Umstead of Orange 



Uzzell of Rowan 
Vann of Sampson 
Venters of Onslow 



Vernon of Hurke 
Warren of Caswell 
White of Chowan 



White of Lenoir 
Whitehurst of Craven 
Whitley of Wake 









11 




494 North Carolina Manual 



CLYDE ALLISON SHREVE 



Clyde Allison Shreve, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was bom in Rocking-ham County, N. C, June 25, 1908. 
Son of J. A. and Bessie D. (Lester) Shreve. Attended Bethany 
High School, Rockingham County, 1923-1927; University North 
Carolina, 1928-1931; Woodrow Wilson College of Law, Atlanta, 
Ga., LL.B., 1935. Lawyer. Member State Bar; N. C. State Grange; 
N. C. State Farm Bureau; A. F. & A. M., Stokesdale Lodge No. 
428; Jr. 0. U. A. M., Summerfield Council No. 174; State Vice 
Councillor, 1942-1943; State Councillor, Jr. O. U. A. M., 1943-1944; 
Deputy National Councillor, 1945; Instructor Business Law, Greens- 
boro Evening College, September, 1949 — ; Representative from 
Guilford County in the General Assembly of 1943, 1947, 1949 and 
1951. Baptist. Married Miss Ruth Marie Doggett, December 27, 
1933. One son: Clyde Allison Shreve, Jr. Address: Summei-field, 
N. C. 

JAMES NAPOLEON SMOOT 

James Napoleon Smoot, Republican, Representative from Davie 
County, was born in Davie County, January 22, 1891. Son of Sam- 
uel J. and Florence Ella (Walker) Smoot. Farmer. Chairman of 
Davie County Production Marketing Administration since 1944; 
helped to organize and served as President of first Farm Bureau 
in Davie County; helped to organize Center Grange and served as 
Assistant Steward and Chaplain; at present member of the Agri- 
culture Committee; Supervisor of the Middle Yadkin Soil Conser- 
vation District since 1944; member Davie County Draft Board 
Number 30 for past four years. Representative from Davie 
County in the General Assembly of 1949. Methodist; Chairman 
Board of Stewards since 1938; District Steward since 1940. Mar- 
ried Miss Mary Esther Dwiggins, November 14, 1914. Five chil- 
dren: Mrs. Lois Greene, W. L. Smoot, John W. Smoot, James C. 
Smoot and Jeanette Smoot, all of Mocksville. Address: Route 1, 
Mocksville, N. C. 

JAMES ALEXANDER SPEIGHT 

James Alexander Speight, Democrat, Representative from Bertie 
County, was bom in Windsor, N. C. Son of Thomas T. and Mar- 



Biographical Sketches 495 

garet O. (Shai'rock) Speight. Attended Buies Creek Academy, 
1908-1911; Wake Forest College, 1911-1912, 1914. Farmer. Mem- 
ber Bertie County Board of Commissioners, 1937-1940 and Chair- 
man of Board for over three years; North Carolina Municipal 
Road Board, 1949-1950. Member Junior Order. Served in U. S. 
Marine Corps two years, 1917-1919. Baptist; teacher of Men's 
Bible Class for twenty years. Married Miss Millie Celia Harrell of 
Colerain, N. C, December 26, 1922. Two children: Thomas Shar- 
rock Speight and Mary Celia Speight. Address: Winsor, N. C. 

CLARENCE E. STONE, JR. 

Clarence E. Stone, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Pinnacle, N. C, September 23, 1914. Son of 
Clarence E. and Annie Irene (Moore) Stone. Attended Wiley 
School and Reynolds High School of Winston-Salem; University of 
North Carolina. Wholesale grocery business and farming. Member 
"The United Commercial Travelers" U. C. T., Junior Councilor, 
1952; Winston-Salem Commercial Civic Club, Treasurer, 1952; 
Forsyth County Chapter N. C. Society for Crippled Children and 
Adults, member of Board, 1951-1952; The Foi'syth County Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, President, 1948-1950 and 
Chairman of Board, 1950-1952; The D. D. Schouler Humane Society 
of Forsyth County, President, 1950-1951; The Belews Creek Project 
Club, President, 1952. Served as Private in U. S. Army, July 22, 
1942 to November 20, 1945. Member of The Fourth Street Church 
of Christ, Winston-Salem, N. C. Married Miss Virgie C. Yokeley, 
June 26, 1938. Address: Route 1, Belews Creek, N. C. 

RUSSELL A. SWINDELL 

Russell A. Swindell, Democrat, Representative from Hyde 
County, was born in Swan Quarter, May 14, 1916. Son of John 
Harold, Sr. and Mary (Atkinson) Swindell. Attended Swan Quar- 
ter High School, 1932-1935; Louisburg College, 1938. Farmer. 
Mason. Private in the U. S. Army, 1945. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1951. Methodist; Steward since 1945. Mar- 
ried Miss Martha Easterling, December 1, 1939. Three children: 
Sandra Sue; Mary Anne; Albin B. Address: Swan Quarter, N. C. 



4i)() North Carolina Manual 

ROY ARTHUR TAYLOR 

Roy Arthur Taylor, Democrat, Representative from Buncombe 
County, was born in Vader, Washington, January 31, 1910. Son 
of Arthur A. and Lola (Morgan) Taylor. Attended Candler Ele- 
mentary School, 1916-1923; Candler High School, 1923-1927; Bilt- 
more College, Asheville, N. C, 1927 to June, 1929; Maiyville Col- 
lege, Maryville, Tenn., September, 1929 to June, 1931, A.B. Degree; 
Asheville University Law School, January, 1934 to Januaiy, 1936. 
Lawyer. Admitted to Bar, January, 1936. Member Buncombe 
County Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar. Member 
Junior Order United American Mechanics, District Deputy State 
Governor, 1940 and 1941; Lions Club, President Black Mountain 
Lions Club, 1943; Zone Chairman, 1949; Deputy District Governor, 
1950; District Governor, 1952; President Black Mountain Chamber 
of Commerce, 1947; Vice-President of Board of Tnistees of Ashe- 
ville-Biltmore College at present; Member of Board of Directors, 
Buncombe County Community Chest at present; Member of Board 
of Trustees of Blue Ridge Association at present; County Attorney 
for Buncombe County, 1949 to present. Member Board of Tnas- 
tees of National Association of County and Prosecuting Attorneys. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1947, 1949 and 1951; 
Chairman, Health Committee, 1949; Chairman, Insurance Commit- 
tee, 1951; Member United States Naval Resei-ve, November, 1943, 
to March, 1946, discharged with rank of Lieutenant; served as 
Executive OfRcer and Commanding Officer of LST and participated 
in invasions on Luzon and at Okinawa. Baptist; Sunday School 
Superintendent, 1935-1943; Deacon from 1937 to date. Married 
Miss Evelyn Reeves, May 8, 1932. Two children: Alan F. Taylor, 
age 11; Toni R. Taylor, age 10. Address: Black Mountain, N. C. 



WILLIAM WOODRUFF TAYLOR, JR. 

William Woodruff Taylor, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Warren County, was born in Warrenton, N. C, April 1, 1912. Son 
of Dr. W. W. and Elizabeth (Poindexter) Taylor. Attended John 
Graham High School, Warrenton, 1924-1928; Davidson College, 
1928-1929; University of North Carolina, 1929-1930; Wake Forest 
College Law School, 1931-1933. Lawyer. Member, N. C. Bar Asso- 
ciation; N. C. State Bar; Warrenton Chamber of Commerce; Kappa 



Biographical Sketches 497 

Alpha fraternity; American Lep:ion; Warrenton Rotary Club; 
President, 1947-1948. Solicitor, Warren County Recorder's Court, 
1942-1949; Attorney for Town of Warrenton, 1941-1943, 1947-1949; 
County Attorney for Warren County. Entered Army of U. S. as 
volunteer Januaiy 20, 1943, honorably discharged October 8, 1943 
holding- rank of corporal. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1951. Episcopalian; Vestiyman, 1944-1947, 1949-1952; Senior 
Warden. Married Miss Ida Satterfield Winstead, April 12, 1941. 
One son: William Woodruff Taylor, III, born July 30, 1944. Ad- 
dress: Warrenton, N. C. 

CORNELIUS BLAKE THOMAS 

Cornelius Blake Thomas, Democrat, Representative from John- 
ston County, was born in that county, November 3, 1893. Son of 
Rufus Daniel and Easter Pherlicia (Temple) Thomas. Attended 
Four Oaks High School and Benson High School. Farmer. Member 
American Farm Bureau. Former school teacher, instructor in 
vocal music, city mail carrier and postal employee. Member and 
Chairman of Johnston County Local Production and Marketing 
Administration, and Vice-Chairman of Johnston County PMA for 
one year. Served in World War I, June 26, 1918-December 26, 1918, 
being discharged with rank of Sergeant. Baptist; Sunday School 
Teacher; Choirister; Church Treasurer; Deacon; Chairman Board 
of Deacons. Married Miss Letha Lee of Sampson County, April 
14, 1918. Children: Norwood J., Alene Joyce, Letha Jessamine, 
Mildred Lee, Mary Elizabeth and Grace Darling. Address: Route 1, 
Smithfield, N. C. 

THOMAS TURNER 

Thomas Turner, Democrat, Representative from Guilford County, 
was bom in that county, October 3, 1900. Son of Henxy Catlett 
Turner, of Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, and Elizabeth Little (Dowd) 
Turner, of Mecklenburg County; grandson of Col. Thomas Turner, 
member of Congress from Kentucky. A.B., University of North 
Carolina, 1923; University Law School, 1923-1924. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber North Carolina, Greensboro, and American Bar Associations. 
Vice Chaii'man Guilford County Democratic Executive Committee, 
1927-1929. Sigma Alpha Epsilon, College Fraternity. Member, 



498 North Carolina Manual 

Elk's Lodge, former Exalted Ruler; Knights of Pythias, Cone 
Lodge No. 158; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; Dis- 
abled American Veterans; Amvets; Society of Forty and Eight; 
served 32 months overseas. World War II, with 82nd A B division, 
Fifth Infantry Division and 28th Infantry Division; five battle 
stars. Awarded Croix de Guerre with palm and Croix de Guerre of 
Luxembourg. After hostilities, Commanding Officer of Militai-y 
Government for district of Hanau, one of largest industrial areas 
in American occupation zone, Lieutenant-Colonel; Resei-ve Officer; 
Resei-ve Officers Association, Lt. Colonel, USRC-JAGC. Represent- 
ative in the General Assembly of 1931, 1933, 1943 and 1951. Epis- 
copalian. Vestryman; Former Secretary Parish. Married Miss Eliz- 
abeth Nolan, of Marietta, Georgia, October 28, 1925. Three chil- 
dren: Thomas Turner, III, Marion Nolan Turner, and Henry Cat- 
lett Turner. Address: Greensboro, N. C. 



JOHN WESLEY UMSTEAD, JR. 

John Wesley Umstead, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Orange County, was born in Mangum Township, Durham County, 
April 7, 1889. Son of John Wesley and Lula (Lunsford) Umstead. 
Attended Public Schools of Durham County. Entered University 
of North Carolina in September, 1905 and graduated with the Class 
of 1909. Director, General Alumni Association of the University 
of North Cai'olina since 1921. Trustee and Member of Executive 
committee of the Greater Univei'sity of North Carolina; Member of 
Executive Committee of Hospitals Board of Control; Chairman o:*" 
Commission on Merit System for Teachers; Member Study Com- 
mission on Education. State Senator from the Sixteenth Senatorial 
District, 1931, 1939. Member of House of Representatives from 
Orange County in 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951. Mason; Elk; 
Grange; Farm Bureau S.A.R. Methodist. Married Sallie Hunter 
Reade of Person County, January 20, 1914. Three children living: 
Frank Graham Umstead, Sarah Elizabeth Umstead, and Anne 
Reade Umstead. A son, John Wesley Umstead, III, Captain in 
U. S. Marine Corps, was killed in action on Saipan Island, June 
14, 1944. Manager Chapel Hill District Office of Jefferson Stand- 
ard Life Insurance Company. Address: Chapel Hill, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 499 

GEORGE RANDOLPH UZZELL 

George Randolph Uzzell, Democrat, Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in Salisbury, November 23, 1903. Son of Harry 
M. and Geneva (Wright) Uzzell. Attended Salisbury Graded 
Schools 1910-1915; Raleigh Graded Schools 1915-1919; Salisbury 
High School 1919-1921; Davidson College 1921-1923; Wake Forest 
College 1924-1926; Passed State Bar Examination, January 25, 
1926. Lawyer. President, Rowan County Bar Association. Civitan 
(President); Knights of Pythias; D.O.K.K., Suez Temple, No. 73; 
Winona Council No. 18, Jr. O.U.A.M.; Kappa Sigma, Wake Forest 
College. Chancellor Commander, Salisbury-Rowan No. 100, Knights 
of Pythias, 1927-1929; Woodman of the World; Patriotic Order, 
Sons of America; Past President of Washington Camp No. 24; 
North Carolina Bar Association; Rowan County Bar Association. 
Member, State Democx'atic Platform Committee; State Democratic 
Executive Committee. Member of House of Representatives of 
1931, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947 and 1951. Baptist. 
Teacher of Men's Bible Class since 1932. Moderator of First Bap- 
tist Church. Married on November 23, 1934, to Miss Ruth Harri- 
son of Spencer, N. C. Two children: Betty Ruth, born April 11, 
1938, and George Randolph Uzzell, Jr., born May 9, 1944. Address: 
Salisbury, N. C. 



PERCY R. VANN 

Percy R. Vann, Democrat, Representative from Sampson County, 
was born in Newton Grove, N. C, May 9, 1896. Son of R. D. and 
Ellen (Tart) Vann. Attended Glencoe Preparatory School; Clinton 
High School; Campbell College, 1917. Automobile dealer and 
farmer. Formerly wholesale merchant in Clinton for twelve years. 
Past member Chamber of Commerce; Meirhants Association; 
Rotary Club; Elks Club; Junior Order U.A.M. Served in World 
War I with service overseas. Methodist; Steward; Church Treas- 
urer, 1947-1951; Official Board, 1951-1953. Married Miss Marie 
Turlington, of Clinton, October 2, 1926. Children: Ida Ray Vann 
and J. E. Vann. Address: Clinton, N. C. 



500 North Carolina Manual 

CARL VERNON VENTERS 

Carl Venion Venters, Democrat, Represenative from Onslow 
County, was born at Richlands, N. C, January 18, 1906. Son of 
Wayne B. and Julia G. (Stevens) Venters. Attended Richlands 
High School, 1918-1921; A.B. Degree, University of North Caro- 
lina, 1926; LL.B., 1929. Attorney at Law. Member of N. C. State 
Bar. County Solicitor, Onslow County Criminal Court, 1947-1948. 
Editorial Staff, Edward Thompson Co., Law Publishers, North- 
port, L. L, N. Y., Januaiy 1930-August, 1935; Associate Member 
Law Firm of Milbank, Tweed & Hope, 15 Broad St., New York, 
N. Y., September 1935 to August 1943; Associate Member Law 
Firm of Oliver & Donnelly, 110 E. 42nd St., New^ York, N. Y. Sep- 
tember, 1943 to September, 1945. Solicitor, Onslow County Criminal 
Court, 1947-1948. Member of Phi Gamma Delta (Social) and Phi 
Delta Phi (Legal) Fraternities. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Episcopalian; member of Vestiy, St. 
Pauls Episcopal Church, Northport, N. Y., 1932-1935; member of 
Vestiy, St. Anne's Episcopal Church, Jacksonville, N. C, 1946-1950. 
Married Miss Margaret Dean Burnette, April 30, 1930. Three chil-. 
dren: Carl V. Venters, Jr., Wayne B. Venters, Margaret Gayle 
Venters. Address: Jacksonville, N. C. 



LIVINGSTON VERNON 

Livingston Vernon, Democrat, Representative from Burke 
County, was born in Morganton, N. C, November 17, 1922. Son of 
Dr. James W. and Sarah Cole (Taylor) Vernon. Attended Mor- 
ganton City Schools; University of North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 
1943; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1949. Attor- 
ney. Member Burke County Bar Association and North Carolina 
Bar Association. Attorney for Town of Morganton from May, 1951 
to May, 1952. Member Kappa Sigma and Phi Delta Phi fraterni- 
ties. Member Board of Editors of North Carolina Law Review, 
1948-1949. Member of Kiwanis (Director, 1952); Jaycees (Director, 
1952); Morganton Chamber of Commerce; American Legion; Vet- 
erans of Foreign Wars. Served in United States Navy, 1943-1946, 
with twenty-one months of sea duty; discharged as Lieutenant 
ii-S-), U. S. Naval Reserve. Presbyterian; Deacon, 1950-1952; 
Assistant Church Treasurer, 1950; Church Treasurer, 1951; Presi- 



Biographical Sketches 501 

dent of First Presbyterian Church Couples Club, 1952-1953. Mar- 
ried Miss Ann Elizabeth Walker, November 27, 1943. Address: 
Box 364, Morganton, N. C. 

JOSEPH HARDY WARREN 

Joseph Hardy Warren, Democrat, Representative from Caswell 
County, was born at Prospect Hill, N. C, April 1, 1907. Son of 
Franklin R. and Ida Satterfield Warren. Farmer and tobacco 
warehouseman. Member State Board of Directors Farm Bureau 
Federation; member State Grange 7th Degi'ee; Chairman Caswell 
County P. M. A. Committee five yeai's; President Piedmont Nation- 
al Farm Loan Association of Winston-Salem; N. C. Committeeman 
of National Farm Loan Association, Columbia District; Chairman 
School Committee of Prospect Hill High School; President Mebane 
Tobacco Board of Trade; Director Mebane Chamber of Commerce 
and Merchants Association; Chairman Caswell County Democratic 
Executive Committee; former member State Democratic Commit- 
tee; delegate to National Democratic Convention in Chicago from 
the 5th N. C. District, 1952. Judge Recorder's Court in Caswell 
County, 1936-1938. Justice of the Peace; Notary Public. Mason, 
member Caswell Brotherhood Lodge No. 11 of Yanceyville. Repre- 
sentative from Caswell County in the General Assembly of 1935 
and 1951; member State Senate, 1939. Ruling Elder Griers Pres- 
byterian Church of Prospect Hill. Married Miss Geneva Williams 
of Godwin, N. C. Three children: Betsy, age 6; Jos. H., Jr., age 4; 
Caroline, age 2. Address: Prospect Hill, N. C. 

JOHN FERNANDO WHITE 

John Fernando White, Democrat, Representative from Chowan 
County, was born in Edenton, April 16, 1902. Son of Sidney John- 
son and Mary Christian (Goodwin) White. Attended Wake Forest 
College, 1922-1925; University Law School, 1925-1926. Lawyer. 
Judge Chowan County Court, 1928-1930. Member 115th Ambu- 
lance Company of the 4th Corps Area, Edenton, 1927-1928; rank, 
Sergeant. Member of House of Representatives of 1931, 1935, 
1937, 1939, 1943, 1945 and 1951. City Attorney, 1940, 1941-1942. 
County Solicitor. Baptist. Married Miss Cai'olyn Juanita Bunch, 
March 16, 1930. One daughter: Carolyn Juanita, born July 10, 1933. 
Address: Edenton, N. C. 



502 North Carolina Manual 

THOMAS JACKSON WHITE 

Thomas Jackson White, Democrat, Representative from Lenoir 
County, was born in Concord, N. C, March 6, 1903. Son of Thomas 
Jackson, Sr. and Maiy Isabelle (Culp) White. Attended Cabarrus 
County Elementary Schools, 1909-1914; Kershaw (S. C.) County 
Elementaiy Schools, 1915-1917; Charlotte University School, 1917; 
Bailey Militaiy Institute, 1918-1919; Concord High School, 1919- 
1920; North Carolina State College, 1920-1922; University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1924-1927. Lawyer. Lenoir County Attorney 
since 1938. Member Lenoir County Bar Association, President 1952; 
North Carolina State Bar Association, Inc.; North Carolina Bai 
Association; American Bar Association; American Judicature So- 
ciety; Phi Gamma Delta (Epsilon Chapter, U. N. C.) ; Phi Alpha 
Delta Law Fraternity; Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
(Kinston Lodge No. 740). Member Wildlife Resources Commission, 
1947-1949 and Chairman, 1948-1949. Member of Company E, 120th 
Infantiy, N. C. National Guard, 1921-1924. Episcopalian. Married 
Miss Virginia Edwards, December 29, 1937. Children: Isabelle 
White (daughter by former marriage); Sarah Ellen White; Thom- 
as Jackson White, III; Mrs. Virginia Turley Moseley (stepdaugh- 
ter). Address: Box 603, Kinston, N. C. 

SAM LATHAM WHITEHURST 

Sam Latham Whitehurst, Democrat, Representative from Craven 
County, was born near New Bern, N. C, July 30, 1922. Son of 
Fred Hancock and Sallie Tingle Whitehurst. Attended Fishbume 
Military School; North Carolina State College, 1941. Fanner. 
President Craven County Farm Bureau since 1950. Member Doric 
Lodge No. 568, A. F. & A. M. Sei-ved U. S. Army with rank of 
Corporal, January, 1943 to December, 1945. Methodist; member 
Board of Stewai'ds since 1950. Mai-ried Miss Frances Wells 
Whitehurst, July 5, 1943. Children: Sam Latham Whitehurst, Jr.; 
Frances Gay Whitehurst; Fred Hancock Whitehurst, II. Address: 
Rt. 1, Box 1075, New Bern, N. C. 

PHILIP RAY WHITLEY 

Philip Ray Whitley, Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born in Selma, N. C, July 1, 1905. Son of Raford 



Biographical Sketches 503 

Bryant and Mamie (Harper) Whitley. Attended the public schools 
of Wendell; University of North Carolina, LL.B., 1929. Merchant 
and farmer. Wake County Democratic Chairman, 1934-1942. Mason; 
American Legion, (40 & 8). Volunteered for duty day following 
Pearl Harbor; Captain, Infantry, January 1942, to October 1945; 
commanded an infanti*y company in France. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1951. Member, Wendell Christian (Dis- 
ciples) Church; Chairman Official Board 1949; ChaiiTnan Building 
Committee, 1950. Married Miss Ruth Ballard, July 20, 1936. Two 
children: Ruth Raye, age 15, and Philip Hugh, age 12. Address: 
Wendell, N. C. 



R. LEE WHITMIRE 

R. Lee Whitmire, Democrat, Representative from Henderson 
County, was born in Brevard, North Carolina, January 21, 1898. 
Son of W. P. and Annie Floyd Whitmire. Attended Brevard and 
Hendersonville High Schools; attended University of North Caro- 
lina Law School, 1919-1921, and admitted to the Bar in 1921. Gen- 
eral practitioner with offices in Hendersonville since March 1921. 
Member Henderson County Bar Association, North Carolina State 
Bar and American Bar Association. Chairman Henderson County 
Board of Elections, 1922-1924. Hendersonville City Attorney, 1923- 
1932. Delegate to Democratic National Convention, 1924. Served 
as enlisted man United States Army April 1917 to Febiniaiy 1919. 
Overseas 1918-1919. State Senator from 27th Senatorial District, 
1927. Henderson County War Bond Drive Chairman during World 
War n. Now Chairman of Selective Sei-vice Appeal Board for 
Western United States Judicial Division of North Carolina. Com- 
mander Hendersonville Post of American Legion, 1923-1924. Presi- 
dent Hendersonville Rotary Club, 1931. Member Masonic Lodge, 
Elks Club, American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars, Mem- 
ber North Carolina General Statutes Commission, 1949-1951. Mem- 
ber Board of Trastees University of North Carolina since 1949. 
Member North Carolina Judicial Council since 1951. State Repre- 
sentative from Henderson County in North Carolina General As- 
sembly, Sessions of 1949 and 1951. Chaii-man Committee on Judici- 
ary No. 1, Session of 1951. Democratic nominee for State Repre- 
sentative Session of 1953 without opposition in Primary and Elec- 
tion, Baptist. Married Irene Louise Jones (now deceased) July 30, 



504 North Carolina Manual 

1925, Madge Schacht Watson (now deceased) September 14, 1937, 
and Margaret Alice Davenport June 11, 1946. One child, Robei't 
Lee Whitmire, Jr., Hendersonville attorney, born of first marriage. 
Address: Hendersonville, N. C. 

J. SHELTON WICKER 

J. Shelton Wicker, Democrat, Representative from Lee County, 
was bom in Sanford, N. C, December 10, 1917. Son of S. A. and 
Sally Jane (Stone) Wicker. Attended Sanford High School; North 
Carolina State College, B.S. in Agriculture, 1941. Oil jobber. Mem- 
ber Lee County Board of Commissioners. Member Lions Club; Elks 
Lodge; Forty & Eight; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American 
Legion. Drafted into United States Army, December 1942; serv^ed 
sixteen months overseas with 290th Infantry, 75th Division; sep- 
arated Januaiy of 1946 with rank of First Lieutenant. Methodist. 
Married Miss Clarice M. Burns, August 3, 1942. Four children: 
Bobby, Sharon, Michael and Dennis. Address: RFD #4, Sanford, 
N.-2. 

H. SMITH WILLIAMS 

H. Smith Williams, Republican, Representative from Yadkin 
County, was born in Yadkinville, N. C, May 13, 1924. Son of Co- 
lumbus and Pearl (Davis) Williams. Graduated from Yadkinville 
High School, 1941; University of North Carolina, A.B. Degree, 
1949; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B. Degree, 
1951. Lawyer, Member North Carolina Bar Association; Delta 
Theta Phi Legal Fraternity, Vice-Dean, 1950 and 1951; Farm 
Bureau; American Legion. Served in United States Na\y from 
April, 1944 to June, 1946. Member Pilot View Friends Church; 
Treasurer and Teacher at pi-esent. Address: Yadkinville, N. C. 



THOMAS AVENT WILLIAMS 

Thomas Avent Williams, Democrat, Representative from Nash 
County, was born in Battleboro, May 14, 1905. Son of Edward 
Alston and Eula Lee (Avent) Williams. Attended Eastman Busi- 
ness College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Merchant and farmer. Town 



Whitmire of Henderson 
Wicker of Lee 

Williams of Nash 



Williams of Yadkin 

Williamson of Brunswick 
Wilson of Union 



Winkler of Watauga 
Wumble of Forsyth 
Womble uf Wake 



Woodard of Northampton 
Woolard of Washington 
Worthington of Pitt 



Yarborough of Franklin 
Young of Buncombe 

Annie Cooper — Principal Clerk 




17 



506 North Carolina Manual 

Commissioner, Battleboro, 1927-1989; Nash County Commissioner, 
1941-1948. Mason. Representative in the General Assembly of 1951. 
Episcopalian; member Vestry since 1927, Senior Warden since 
1945. Married Miss Vivian Nadine Hamill, August 28, 1928. Five 
children: Tom, Jr., Nancy Lee, Vivian, Ralph, and David. Address: 
Battleboro, N. C. 

ODELL WILLIAMSON 

Odell Williamson, Democrat, Representative from Brunswick 
County was born in Ash, N. C, November 19, 1919. Son of John 
Bun and Love Williamson. Graduated from Waccamaw High 
School. Automobile Dealer. Methodist. Captain, Field Artilleiy, 
U. S. Army, April 29, 1942-October 31, 1945. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1947 and 1949. Married Virginia Alma Wil- 
liamson, November 24, 1940. Address: Shallotte, N. C. 



HENRY HALL WILSON, JR. 

Heniy Hall Wilson, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Union 
County, was born in INIonroe, N. C, December 6, 1921. Son of H. H. 
and Annie V. (Sanders) Wilson. Attended Monroe Elementary 
School, 1927-1932; Monroe Junior High School, 1932-1934; Mon- 
roe High School, 1934-1938; Duke University, A.B. Degree, 1942; 
Duke University Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. Member Amer- 
ican Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association. Entered 
U. S. Ai-my, January, 1943; discharged in July, 1946 as First 
Lieutenant. Baptist; Deacon. Married Miss Maiy C. Walters, 
Januaiy 11, 1944. Three children: Mary Jean Wilson, age 6; Nancy 
Ellen Wilson, age 3; Henry H. Wilson, III, age 1. Address, Box 
261, Monroe, N. C. 



WILLIAM L. WINKLER 

William L. Winkler, Republican, Representative from Watauga 
County, was born near Boone, N. C, July 9, 1876. Son of Noah 
and Eliza (Hodges) Winkler. Attended Watauga Elementaiy 
Schools; Appalachian State College; A. & M. (now N. C. State) 
College. Retired principal of schools. Former principal of ele- 



Biographical Sketches 507 

nientaiy and high schools and teacher at Appalachian State Teach- 
ers College. Member A. C. A. Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Watauga County Road Commisison, 1920-1926. Methodist; Sunday 
School Teacher. Married Miss Ida M. Winstead, May 1, 1914. One 
adopted daughter, Mrs. J. O. Bell. Address: Boone, N. C. 

WILLIAM BRANTLEY WOMBLE 

William Brantley Womble, Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born in that county, August 6, 1896. Son of Andrew 
Thomas and Carrie Lee (Edwards) Womble. Attended Wake 
County Public Schools; Cary High School; University of North 
Carolina, 1918-1921. Lawyer. Member of Wake County and North 
Carolina Bar Association. Theta Chi Fraternity; Phi Alpha Delta 
(Law) ; Order of the Grail. Mason. Repi'esentative in the General 
Assembly of 1933 and 19.51. Baptist. Married Miss Aetna Kather- 
ine Smith, October 22, 1923. Two children: Mrs. Aetna Kather- 
ine (Womble) Dowst, New York City; Mrs. Barbara (Womble) 
Innman, Norfolk, Virginia. Married Miss Eliza N. Womble Octo- 
ber 23, 1934. Married Miss Dorothy K. Riddle, May 22, 1948. One 
child: Janet Lee Womble. Address: Route 1, Caiy, North Carolina. 

WILLIAM FLETCHER WOMBLE 

William Fletcher Womble, Democrat, Representative from For- 
syth County, was born in Winston-Salem, N. C, October 29, 1916. 
Son of B. S. and Edith (Willingham) Womble. Attended Reynolds 
High School, graduating in 1933; Duke University, A.B., 1937; 
University of North Carolina Law School, Summer Session of 1938; 
Duke University Law School, LL.B., 1939. Lawyer. Member Amer- 
ican Bar Association; N. C. Bar Association; Forsyth County Bar 
Association; Winston-Salem Junior Bar Association. Council Mem- 
ber Junior Bar Conference of American Bar Association represent- 
ing Fourth Circuit for 1951-1952. Member Board of Trustees High 
Point College; Board of Directors local Y.M.C.A.; Chairman For- 
syth County Chapter, N. C. Society for Crippled Children and 
Adults, Inc.; Chairman Forsyth County Community Chest Cam- 
paign, 1948. Chairman of local precinct and member of Forsyth 
County Democratic Executive Committee. Member Phi Delta Phi 



508 North Carolina Manual 

Le^al Fraternity and Phi Delta Theta Social Fraternity. Drafted 
July, 1941 and released from active duty with rank of Major in Air 
Fox'ces, January 1946; at present holds rank of Major in Air Force 
Reserve. Methodist; Member Board of Stewards of Centenary 
Methodist Church, 1946-1951. Married Miss Jane Gilbert, October 
11, 1941. Three children: William F. Womble, Jr.; Jane Womble; 
Russell G. Womble. Address: 401 Lynn Ave., Winston-Salem, N. C. 

JOHN RAYNOR WOODARD 

John Raynor Woodard, Democrat, Representative from North- 
ampton County, was born at Pendleton, N. C, July 6, 1906. Son of 
Donald M. and Maggie (Maddrey) Woodard. Attended Buies Creek 
Academy, 1924-1925; Wake Forest College, graduating 1930, B.S. 
Degree. Merchant and fai-mer. Town Treasurer of Conway, 1941- 
1948; Member of Northampton County Boai'd of Education, 1942- 
1943; Member of Northampton County Board of Commissioners 
1943-1948; Member board of trustees Chowan College 1948-52; 
Chairman of Board of Ti-ustees of Chowan College 1952. President 
Northampton County Farm Bureau 1951-52. Member of Masonic 
Lodge; Scottish Rite Mason; York Rite Mason; Member of Sudan 
Temple Shrine; Member Roanoke Valley Shrine Club; Member of 
Raleigh Shrine Club; Master, Pendleton Masonic Lodge, 1943-48. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. Baptist; 
Deacon, 1939—; Sunday School Superintendent, 1940-1946; Sun- 
day School Teacher, 1931-1940, 1947-1952. Married Miss Bernice 
Norris, June 4, 1933. Two sons: John Raynor Woodard, Jr.; James 
Anderson Woodai'd. Address: Conway, N. C. 

WILLIAM JOSEPH WOOLARD 

William Joseph Woolard, Democrat, Representative from Wash- 
ington County, was born in Pitt County, N. C, Febnaary 24, 1914. 
Son of John Hyman and Louisa (Chauncey) Woolard. Attended 
Greenville Grammar and High Schools; East Carolina Teachers Col- 
lege, two years, Business Administration. Operator of retail furni- 
ture store and automobile agency. Member, Plymouth Merchants' 
Association, Past President; Junior Chamber of Commerce; Plym- 
outh Lions Club; President, Washington County Athletic Associa- 



Biographical Sketches 509 

tion; County Chairman, American Red Cross Chapter. Mason, Per- 
severance Lodge No. 59; Shriner, Sudan Temple, New Bern, N. C. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1951. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Miss Evelyn Davis, August 7, 1937. Address: Plymouth, N. C. 

SAMUEL OTIS WORTHINGTON 

Samuel Otis Worthington, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Wintei-ville, N. C, January 24, 1898. Son of 
Samuel G. and Lydia Campbell (Smith) Worthington. Attended 
Rural Schools, 1905-1912; Winterville High School, 1912 to 1917; 
University of Noi'th Carolma, two years of academic work and 
two years of law, fall of 1917 through summer of 1921. Attorney. 
Sei-ved in the Naval Unit of S.A.T.C. at the University from 
September 1, 1918, to November, 1918. Served in N. C. State 
Guard October, 1948 to October, 1944. Representative from Pitt 
County in the General Assembly of 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 
1949 and 1951. Member Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. Grand 
Chancellor of the Order of Knights of Pythias in the State of North 
Carolina from June, 1930 to July, 1931. Supreme Representative 
from Domain of North Carolina to Supreme Lodge Knights of 
Pythias, 1938-1948. Episcopalian. Married Miss Bessie Harrison, 
April 29, 1926. Two children: Lina Hackett Worthington, age 19; 
Samuel Otis Worthington, Jr., age 13. Address: Greenville, N. C. 

EDWARD FOSTER YARBOKOUGH 

Edward Foster Yarborough, Democrat, Representative from 
Franklin County, was born in Louisburg, N. C, February 10, 1910. 
Son of William Heniy and Eloise (Hill) Yarborough. Attended 
Louisburg High School, 1924-1927; Woodberiy Forest School, 
Woodberry Forest, Va., 1927-1928; University of North Carolina, 
1928-1931; Wake Forest Law School, graduating in 1939. Attorney 
at Law. Member, N. C. Bar Association; American Bar Associa- 
tion; Louisburg Lions Club, Director, 1948-1949, 1950-1951. Mason. 
Shriner, member Sudan Temple. Served in the Arniy of the United 
States, 1942-1946, discharged as Captain. Major, North Carolina 
National Guard, 1947 to date. Commander, Louisburg Post of 
American Legion, 1948-1949. Representative in the General Assem- 



510 North Carolina Manual 

bly of 1951. Episcopalian; Secretaiy of St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church, Louisburg, N. C, 1948 to date; Bible Class Teacher since 
1946; Lay Leader, 1949 to date; member of Vestry, 1947 to date. 
Married Miss Nancy Hayes, Februai-y 8, 1948. Address: Louis- 
burg, N. C. 

JOHN CLINGMAN YOUNG 

John Clingman Young, Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Madison County, June 23, 1901. Son 
of J. G. and Jane P. (Anderson) Young. Graduate, West Bun- 
combe High School, 1919; Wake Forest College, B.A., 1923 and 
B.S., 1924; University of Tennessee, M.D., 1926; Post Graduate 
course in Urology at Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1937-1938. Physician. 
Member Buncombe County, N. C. State and A.M.A. Medical Socie- 
ties; N. C. Urological Society; Southeastei'n section of the Ameri- 
can Urological Association. Lieutenant Commander (MC) U. S. 
N. R., 1939-1942; active duty, 1940-1941. Member Civitan Club. 
Past President Asheville Optimist Club, 1936; Past President Bun- 
combe County League for Crippled Children. Baptist. Married 
Miss Suzan Louise Shoe, June, 1928. Two children. Address: Rt. 2, 
Asheville, N. C. 



OCCUPATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 1953 



Senate 



AUTOMOBILE DEALERS 

Bridger, James A. 
Reavis, C. G. 
Vann, Henry 
Wolfe, T. R. 

BANKERS 

Bason, S. M. 
Duncan, Edwin 
Hodges, W. B. 
Marshall, Wm. F. 
Pate, Edwin 

BUILDING & LOAN 

Currie, Claude 
Kirkman, O. Arthur 

BUSINESSMAN 

Thomas, J. B. 

BUSINESS MANAGER 

Hicks, Carl T. 

DAIRYMAN 

Scott, Ralph H. 

DENTIST 

Jones, Dr. Paul E. 

FARMERS 

Bridger, James A. 
Bunn, C. Settle 
Copeland, J. William 
Edney, Calvin R. 
Henkel, C. V., Jr. 
Hicks, Carl T. 
Jones, Dr. Paul E. 



Long, F. D. 
Marshall, Wm. F. 
Pate, Edwin 
Royster, Fred S. 
Talton, Hai'dy 
Thomas, J. B. 
Vann, Henry 
Whitfield, J. V. 
Whitley, Adam J., Jr. 

INSURANCE 

Bason, S. M. 

INSURANCE & LOANS 

Hundley, George L. 

LAWYERS 

Bailey, James H. Pou 
Barnhardt, Luther E. 
Bridger, James A. 
Copeland, J. William 
Crew, W. Lunsford 
Edney, Calvin R. 
Gash, Robert T. 
Godwin, A. Pilston, Jr. 
Graves, Calvin 
Hobgood, Hamilton 
Horton, Hugh G. 
Larkins, John D., Jr. 
Paul, Malcolm C. 
Proctor, Robert W. 
Sanford, Terry 
Smith, H. B. 
Weaver, Zebulon, Jr. 
Weeks, Cameron S. 
Williams, Warren R. 
Woodson, Nelson 



511 



512 



North Carolina Manual 



LU.AIBEKMAN 

Marshall, Wni. F. 

MANUFACTURERS 

Mclntyre, Fred H. (retired) 
Rankin, R. Giady 
Ross, L. F. 
Shuford, William B. 
Vann, Henry 
Williams, Warren R. 

MERCHANTS 

Bason, S. M, 
Long, F. D. 
Morgan, Robert F. 
Pate, Edwin 

MORTICIAN 

Chapman, Ray E. 



PHYSICIAN 

Crawford, Dr. J. H. 

RAILROAD OFFICIAL 

Kirkman, O. Arthur 

REALTORS 

Bason, S. M. 
Hundley, Geoige L. 
Moore, Cutlar 

TEXTILES 

Henkel, C. V., Jr. 

THEATRE OWNER & 
OPERATOR 

Vann, Henry 

TOBACCONISTS 

Royster, Fred S. 
Talton, Hardy 



House of Representatives 



AUTOMOBILE DEALERS 

Allen, John L. 
Clark, H. Manly, Sr. 
Fowler, Joe, Jr. 
Hicks, E. L. 
Mobley, H. Earle i 
Vann, P. R. 
Williamson, Odell 

BANKER 

Harmon, Roy A. 

BARBER 

Gobble, F. L. 



BARBER & BEAUTY SCHOOL 
OPERATOR 

Gobble, F. L. 

BOOKKEEPER 

Dean, Walter 

BUILDING SUPPLY DEALER 

Collier, T. J. 
Falkner, E. O. 

BUSINESSMAN 

Goodman, Spencer B. 



Occupations 



513 




CARPENTER 

Adams, Wayne 

COTTON DEALER 

Greene, Harry A. 

COUNTY OFFICIAL 

McKinney, Brown (retired) 

DAIRY FARMER 

Ramsey, R. R. 

DAIRYMEN 

Gregory, Carson 

[core, Larry I., Jr. 
Palmer, Joe H. 

ELECTRICAL ENGINEER 

Biyant, Chas. K., Sr. 

EXTERMINATING COMPANY 
OFFICIAL 

O'Hanlon, I. H., Jr. j 

FARMERS 

Allen, Thomas W. 
Brown, Frank H., Jr. 
Bryant, Chas. K., Sr. 
Clark, David 
Clark, H. Manly, Sr. 
Combs, Lewis L. 
Doug'hton, J. K. 
Edwards, A. C. 
Fisher, Troy A. 
Floyd, F. Wayland 
Forbes, J. Wilbert 
Fountain, Ben E. 
Goodman, Spencer B. 
Gregory, Carson 
Hargett, John M. 



Johnson, Fred W. 
Kilpatrick, Frank M. 
Kiser, Roger C. 
Little, Hal W. 
Maddrey, C. Gordon 
Moore, H. M. 
Moore, Larry I., Jr. 
Murphy, Ashley M. 
Palmer, Joe H. 
Regan, John B. 
Rodenbough, Grace Taylor 
Satterfield, B. I. 
Scott, W. Herman 
Smoot, J. N. 
Si)eight, J. A. 
Stone, Clarence E., Jr. 
Swindell, Russell A. 
Thomas, C. Blake 
Vann, P. R. 
Warren, Joseph H. 
Whitehurst, Sam L. 
^-Whitley, Philip R. 
Williams, Tom A. 
Woodard, J. Raynor 

FERTILIZER DEALER 

Gi-eene, Harry A. 

FURNITURE & TAPESTRY 

DEALER 

Anderson, John 

GAS & OIL DEALER 

Wicker, J. Shelton 

GAS & OIL DISTRIBUTOR 

Carr, Robert M. 

HOG BREEDER 

Gregory, Carson 



514 



North Carolina Manual 



HOUSE MOVING CONTRACTOR Vernon, Livingston 



Coates, Roy C. 

INSURANCE 

Etheridge, R. Bruce 
Floyd, W. F. 
Hunt, Joseph M., Jr. 
Pou, Edwin S. 
Umstead, J. W., Jr. 

LAWYERS 

Atkins, Bill 

Barkei", Oscar G. 
>Bost, E. T., Jr. 

Branch, Joseph 
>Clark, David 

C^rissman, Walter E. 

Bellinger, David P. 
-^Falls, B. T., Jr. 

Fisher, Ralph R. 
. Floyd, F. Wayland 

Fountain, Ben E. 

Gavin, W. Ed. 

Goodman, Arthur 

Hewlett, Addison, Jr. 

Holmes, Carroll R. 

Jordan, John Y., Jr. 
--^Long, George A. . . 

Moore, Larry I., Jr. 

Pittman, James H. 

Regan, John B. 

Rodman, Wm. B. 

Sanders, Richard T. 

Satterfield, B. I. 

Shreve, Clyde A. 

Taylor, Roy A. 

Taylor, William W., Jr, 
-^^urner, Thomas 
-_Uzzell, Geo. R. 
—Venters, Carl V. 



White, John F. 
White, Thomas J. 
Whitmire, R. Lee 
Williams, H. Smith 
Wilson, Henry H., Jr. 
. — Womble, W. Brantley 
Womble, William F. 
Worthington, Sam O. 
Yarborough, Edward F. 

LUMBERMAN 

Adams, Wayne 

LUMBER MANUFACTURERS 

Collier, T. J. 
Gentry, Todd H. 

MANUFACTURERS 

Kemp, W. P. 
Philpott, H. Cloyd 

MERCHANTS 

Askew, Allen E. 
Brown, Frank H., Jr. 
Eller, H. P. 
Johnson, E. R. 
Little, Hal W. 
Maddrey, C. Gordon 
O'Herron, E. M., Jr. 
Perkins, S. R. 
Ramsey, R. R. 
Sawyer, Bascom 
Scott, W. Herman 
Stone, Clarence E., Jr. 
Whitley, Philip R. 
Williams, Tom A. 
Woodard, J. Raynor 
Woolard, W. J. 



Occupations 



515 



MINISTER 

Leinbach, Roy E., Jr. 

NAVAL OFFICER 

Mills, Geo. H. (retired) 

OFFICE MANAGER 

Randall, George W. 

PHYSICIAN 

Young, Dr. John C. 

PRINTER 

Quinn, Dwight W. 

PUBLISHER 

Blue, H. Clifton 

RAILWAY CLAIM AGENT 

Barnett, W. H. 

REALTORS 

Fountain, Ben E. 
Kilpatrick, Frank M. 
Scott, W. Herman 

SCHOOL PRINCIPAL 

Winkler, William L. (retired) 

SCHOOL SUPERVISOR 

Rodenbough, Grace Taylor 

SERVICE STATION OWNER 

Hargett, John M. 



STATE EMPLOYEE 

Mauney, Richard 

SURVEYOR 

Corey, A. 

TEACHERS 

Kiser, Roger C. 
Martin, Wallace W. 
Moore, H. M. 

THEATRE OWNER & 

OPERATOR 

Brantley, R. E. 

TOBACCO COMPANY 
EMPLOYEE 

Powell, Radford G. 

TOBACCO WAREHOUSEMEN 

Clark, H. Manly, Sr. 
Warren, Joseph H. 

TRANSPORTATION 

Eller, H. P. 

TRUCK & TRAILER 

COMPANY EXECUTIVE 

Gillette, Charley (retired) 

VETERANS INSTRUCTOR 

Murphy, Ashley M. 

WHOLESALE OIL JOBBER 

Clark, H. Manly, Sr. 



PART VIII 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 

President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Kansas 

Vice President Richard M. Nixon, California 

THE CABINET 

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, New York 

Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey, Ohio 

Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson, Michigan 

Attorney General Herbert Brownell. New York 

Postmaster General Arthur E. Summorfieki, Michigan 

Secretary of the Interior Douglas McKay, Oregon 

Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson, Utah 

Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks, Massachusetts 

Secretary of Labor Martin P. Durkin, Illinois 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

SENATORS 

Clyde R. Hoey Shelby 

Willis Smith Raleigh 

REPRESENTATIVES 

First District Herbert C. Bonner Washington 

Second District L. H. Fountain Tarboro 

Third District Graham A . Barden New Bern 

Fourth District Harold D. Cooley Nashville 

Fifth District Thurmond Chatham Winston-Salem 

Sixth District Carl T. Durham Chapel Hill 

Seventh District F. Ertel Carlyle Lumberton 

Eighth District C. B. Deane Rockingham 

Ninth District Hugh Q. Alexander Kannapolis 

Tenth District Charles R. Jonas Lincoln ton 

Eleventh District Woodrow W. Jones Rutherfordton 

Twelfth District George A. Shuford Asheville 

UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT 

Fred M. Vinson Chief Justice • Kentucky 

Harold H. Burton Associate Justice Ohio 

Hugo L. Black Associate Justice Alabama 

Stanley F. Reed Associate Justice Kentucky 

Felix Frankfurter Associate Justice Massachusetts 

William 0. Douglas Associate Justice W'ashington 

Tom C. Clark Associate Justice Texas 

Robert H. Jackson Associate Justice New York 

Sherman Mintou Associate Justice Indiana 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS IN NORTH CAROLINA 

JUDGES 

Eastern District Don L. Gilliam Tarboro 

Middle District J- J- Hayes Wilkesboro 

Western District Wilson Warlick Newton 

CLERKS 

Eastern District A. Hand James Raleigh 

Middle District Henry Reynolds Greensboro 

Western District Oscar L. McClurd Asheville 

DISTRICT ATTORNEYS 

Eastern District Charles P. Green Raleigh 

Middle District Bryce R. Holt Greensboro 

Western District T. A. Uzzell, Jr Asheville 

UNITED STATES CIRC^HT COURT OF APPEALS 

For the Fourth Circuit 

Judge John J. Parker , Charlotte 

519 



STATE GOVERNMENT 

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

President of the Senate Luther H. Hodges Roekingham 

Speaker of the House of Representatives . . . E. T. Host, Jr. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'. Caharri^ 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Covernor Wilham B, Fmstead Durham 

Lt.-(,overnor Luther H. Hodges Rockinehani 

.Secretary of htate *Thad Euro Hertford 

^"'*'««'" *Henry L. Bridges ■.■.■.■■.■.■.■.■.■. .'.Guilford 

Treasurer ,■■ .^ ,■-■■■■ -^ *Brandon P. Hodges Bunoombe 

.Superintendent of Pub. Instruction *Charle.s F. C^arroll . Dunlin 

Attorney General Harrv .McMullan ' ' ' Beaufort 

Commissioner of Agriculture *L. Y. Ballentine Wake 

Commissioner of Labor *Forrest IL .Shuford Guilford 

C ommissioner of Insurance *Waldo C. Cheek Randolph 

♦Constitute the Council of State (Attorney General is the legal adviser to the Executive Department) . 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 

Justices of the Supreme Court 

Chief Justice W. A. Dcvin 'Raleigh 

Associate .lustice .M. V. Barnhill *Raleit'h 

Associate Justice J. Wallace Winborne *RaleiL'h 

Associate Justice E. B. Dennv *R'ileigh 

Associate Justice Sam J. Ervin, Jr ' ' *Raleigh 

Associate Justice Jeff D. Jnhn.son, .Jr *Raleigh 

Associate Justice R. Hunt Parker *RaIeieh 

♦Official (not legal) residences. 

Judges of Superior Court 

First District Chester R. Morris Coiniock 

Second District Walter J. Hone Nashville 

Third District Joseph W. Parker Windsor 

Fourth District Clawson L. Williams Sanford 

Fifth District J. Paul Frizzelle ; . '. ; Snow Hill 

Sixth District Henry L. Stevens. Jr Warsaw 

|"'^"'h District W. C. Harris Raleigh 

f's'i^h District John J. Burney Wilmington 

Ninth District 0. K. Nimocks. Jr Favetteville 

Tenth District Leo Carr Burlington 

Eleventh District .John H. Clement Walkertown 

lu J?' n'"".'- -. "• "'•>■''' ^'""^ Greenslioro 

ThTteenth District F. Donald Phillips Rockingham 

Fourteenth District William H. Bobbitt Charlotte 

Fifteenth District Frank M. Armstrong Troy 

Sixteenth District J. C. Rudisill Newton 

Seventeenth District J. A. Rousseau N. Wilkesboro 

Eighteenth District J. W. Pless, Jr Marion 

Nineteenth District Zeb V. Nettles Asheville 

Twentieth District Dan K. Moore Svlva 

i wenty -first District Allen H. Gwyn Reidsville 

„. Special Judges 

T\ . H. S. Burgwyn Woodland 

A. R. Cr^p Lenoir 

Howard G. Godwin j)ynn 

William I. Halstead o_„,k vfjii 

William T. Hatch Raleieh 

W . K. .McLean Asheville 

George B. Patton ^ .■.■■.'.■.■.■.■. V'.'.;'.;'.'.;'.'.'.'.;.'.. Franklin 

Susis Sharp Reidsville 

520 



State Government 521 



Emergency Judges 

Felix E. Alley Waynesville 

Henry A. Grady New Bern 

Solicitors 

First District Walter Cohoon Elizabeth City 

Second District George M. Fountain Tarboro 

Third District E. R. Tyler Roxobel 

Fourth District W. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Fifth District W. J. Bundy Greenville 

Sixth District Walter T. Britt Clinton 

Seventh District Wilham Y. Bickett Raleigh 

Eighth District Clifton L. Moore Burgaw 

Ninth District : Malcolm B. Seawell Lumberton 

Tenth District William H. Murdock Durham 

Eleventh District Walter E. Johnston, Jr Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District Charles T. Hagan. Jr Greensboro 

Thirteenth District M. G. Boyette Carthage 

Fourteenth District Basil L. Whitener Gastonia 

Fifteenth District Zeb A. Morris Concord 

Sixteenth District James C. Farthing Lenoir 

Seventeenth District J. Allie Hayes N. Wilkesboro 

Eighteenth District Clarence 0. Ridings Forest City 

Nineteenth District Lamar Gudger Asheville 

Twentieth District T. D. Bryson, Jr Bryson City 

Twenty-first District Ralph J. Scott Danbury 

HEADS OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

Adjutant General .John Hall Manning U ake 

Department of Agriculture L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner Wake 

Board of Alcoholic Control Frank T. Erwin ("Acting Chairman) Durham 

State Department of Archives and History , Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director Wake 

Art Society Lucy Cherry Crisp. Exec. Sec'y Pitt 

Banking Department W. W. Jones, Commissioner Wake 

Commission for the Blind H. A. Wood, Exec. Sec'y Lincoln 

Budget Bureau D. S. Coltrane, Ass't. Director Randolph 

Building and Grounds George B. Cherry, Supt Wake 

Department of Conservation and 

Development George R. Ross, Director Randolph 

N. C. Council Civil Defense W. F. Bai'.ey, Director Guilford 

Board of Correction and Training S. E. Leonard, Commissioner Edgecombe 

State Board of Education CD. Douglas, Controller Wake 

State Board of Elections R. C. Maxwell, Exec. Sec'y Wake 

Employment Security Commission Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Cleveland 

State Employment Service Ernest C. McCracken, Director Haywood 

State Board of Health Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Secretary Wake 

State Highway Patrol W. B. Lentz, Commander Guilford 

State Highway and Public Works 

Commission Dr. Henry W. Jordan, Chairman Randolph 

N. C. Hospitals Board of Control Dr. David A. Young, General Supt Wake 

R. M. Purser. Business Manager Wayne 

Industrial Commission J. Frank Huskins, Chairman Yancey 

Department of Insurance Waldo C. Cheek, Commissioner Randolph 

Bureau of Investigation James W. Powell, Director Wake 

Department of Justice Harry McMullan, Attorney General Beaufort 

Department of Labor Forrest H. Shuford, Commissioner Guilford 

Library Commission Elizabeth House, Secretary Martin 

State Library Carrie L. Broughton. Librarian Wake 

Local Government Commission W. E. Easterling, Secretary . ._ Y',^Y^ 

Medical Care Commission Dr. John A. Ferrell, Exec. Sec'y X , 

Merit System Dr. Frank T. DeVyver, Supervisor W ake 

Department .Motor Vehicles L. R. Fi.sher, Commissioner ^\*''^ 

Municipal Board of Control Thad Eure, Secretary (Ex-ofEcio) Hertford 



522 North Carolina Manual 



Paroles Commission N. F. Ransdell, Commissioner Waive 

Personnel Department I. W. McDevitt, Director Madison 

Probation ( 'ommission J. D. Beaty, (Acting Director) Wake 

Dept. of Public Instruction Dr. Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent Duplin 

State Board of Public Welfare Dr. Ellen B. Winston, Commissioner Wake 

Division of Purchase and Contract Charles M. WiUiams, Director Alamance 

Recreation Commission Ralph J. Andrews, Director Wake 

Retirement System Nathan Yelton, Secretary Mitchell 

Department of Revenue Eueene G. Shaw, Commissioner Guilford 

Rural Electrification Authority Gwyn B. Price, Chairman Ashe 

Supreme Court Dillard S. Gardner, Librarian and Marshal Orange 

Adrian J. Newton, Clerk Davidson 

John M. Strong, Reporter and Administrative Assistant 

to Chief Justice _. Wake 

Department of Tax Research James S. Carrie, Director ' Orange 

Utilities Commission Stanley Winborne, ( 'hairman Hertford 

Veterans Commission James M. Caldwell, Director Cabarrus 

Wildlife Resources Commission Clyde P. Patton, Exec. Director Wake 



All official addresses, Raleigh, N. C. 

HEADS OF STATE HOSPITALS. CORRECTIONAL AND 
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 

Address 

Confederate Woman's Home Mrs. Pauline Carter Fayetteville 

Correctional 
White 

Eastern Carolina Iudu.strial Training 

School for Boys Wm. D. Clark Rocky Mount 

State Home and Industrial School 

for Girls, Samarcand Reva Mitchell Eagle Springs 

Stonewall Jackson Manual Training 

and Industrial School J. Frank Scott Concord 

Negro 

Morrison Training School for Negro Bovs . Paul R. Brown Hoffman 

Training School for Negro Girls Mae D. Holmes Kinston 

Educational 

White 

Appalachian State Teachers College B. B. Dougherty Boone 

East Carolina College L D. Messiek Greenville 

N. C. School for the Deaf Dr. C. E. Rankin Morganton 

Oxford Orphanage A. D. Leon Gray Oxford 

Pembroke State College Ralph D. Wellons Pembroke 

The State School for the Blind and Deaf E.N. Peeler Raleigh 

LTniversity of North Carolina: 

President Gordon Gray Chapel Hdl 

Chapel Hill Unit, Chancellor R. B. House Chapel Hill 

State College Unit, Chancellor J. W. Harrelson Raleigh 

Woman's College Unit, Chancellor Edward K. Graham Greensboro 

Western North Carolina Teachers College . . . Paul Reid CuUowhee 

Negro 

Agricultural and Technical College F. D. Bluford Greensboro 

Elizabeth Citv State Teachers College S. D. WiUiams Elizabeth City 

Favetteville State Teachers College J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

N. C. College at Durham Alfonso Elder Durham 

The Colored Orphanage of North Carolina . . T. A. Hamme Oxford 

The State School for the Blind andJDeaf .... E.'N. Peeler Raleigh 

Winston-Salem State Teachers College F."»L. Atkins Winston-Salem 



State Government 523 

Hospitals 

White 

Caswell Training School Dr. William C. Byrd, Sr Kinston 

N. C. Sanatoriums for Treatment of 
Tuberculosis: 

N. C. Sanatorium Dr. H. S. Willis McCain 

Eastern Sanatorium Dr. H. F. Eason Wilson 

Western Sanatorium Dr. C. D. Thomas Black Mountain 

N. C. Orthopedic Hospital Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

State Hospital Dr. James Murdoch : Butnor 

State Hospital Dr. J, S. McKee, Jr Morgan ton 

State Hospital Dr. David A. Young (Acting) Raleigh 

Negro 

State Hospital Dr. Ira C. Long; Gnklsboro 

HEADS OF SOME ORGANIZATIONS OTHER THAN STATE AGENCIES 

N. C. As.sociation Clerks Superior Court W. S. Babcock, Sec'y.-Treas Tarboro 

N. C. Association County Commissioners, . J. Henry Vaughan, Secretary Elm City 

N. C. Burial Association Thomas Creekmore, Commissioner Raleigh 

N. C. Citizens Association, Inc Lloyd Griffin. Executive Vice-President Raleigh 

N. C. Education Association Mrs. Ethel Perkins Edwards, Executive Secretary .Raleigh 

N. C. Fire Insurance Rating Bureau W. S. Bizzell, Manager Raleigh 

Institute of Government Albert Coates, Director Chapel Hill 

N. C. League of Municipalities Mrs Davetta L. Steed, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

N. C. Teachers Association W. L. Greene, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

Sheriffs' Association John R. Morris, Sec'y.-Treas Wilmington 

Social Security Board J. H. Ingle, Manager Raleigh 

N. C. State Bar E. L. Cannon, Sec'y.-Treas Raleigh 

State Employees' Credit Union C. P. Deyton, Treasurer Raleigh 



COUNTY GOVERNMENT 

ALAMANCE 

Alamance Cnuiity wa.s founded in 1819 from Orange. The name is supposed to be derived from an 
Indian word meaniuK "blue clay." The county Kets its name from Alamance Creek, on the banks of which 
was fought the battle between the colonial troops under Governor Tryon and the Regulators, May 16, 1771. 

Population, 71,220 County Seat, Graham 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 16th District Ralph H. Scott Haw River 

Member Hou.se of Representatives George A. Long Burlington 

Clerk of Court D. J. Walker, Jr Graham 

Register of Deeds I. G. Tingen Graham 

gheriff C. H. Moore Graham 

Treasurer (leo. E. Holt, Jr Graham 

Auditor Owen, Hogan & McMillan Burlington 

Tax Supervisor J. W. Cole Graham 

Tax Collector D. K. Muse Graham 

County Accountant I. VV. Cole Graham 

Coroner Dr. J. B. Walker, Jr Graham 

Surveyor J. Mark McAdams Elon College 

Co. Health Officer Dr. Wm. L. Norville Mebane 

Supt. of Schools M. E. Yount Graham 

Supt. of Public Welfare Gerard J. Anderson Haw River 

Home Dem. Agent 

White Katherine Millsaps Burlington 

Colored Carrie S. Wilson Graham 

Farm Dem. Agent 

White J. W. Bason Graham 

Colored Plese Corbett Mebane 

Chmn. Bd. Education Henry A. Scott Haw River 

Chmn. Bd Elections H. Clay Hemrie Burlington 

Dist. Game & Fish Protector Vance M. Perry Ciraham 

Forest Ranger John F. Spivey Greensboro 

County Attorney Louis C. Allen Burlington 

County Librarian Evelyn L. Parks Burlington 

Veterans Service Officer Porter Scott Burlington 

General County Court: 

Judge John H. Vernon Burlington 

Solicitor Eugene A. Gordon Burlington 

Burlington Municipal Recorder's Court: 

Judge C. C. Gates, Jr Burlington 

Solicitor Kenneth W. Young Burlington 

Elon College Municipal Recorder's Court: 

Judge E. Leondias Smith Elon College 

Solicitor D. M . McLelland Elon College 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. Hale Duncan Burlington 

Commissioner C. G. Somers Burlington 

Commissioner Garland M. Newlin Haw River 

Commissioner J. B. Long Elon College 

Commissioner L. P. Best Mebane 

ALEXANDER 

Alexander County was formed in 1847 from Iredell, Caldwell, and Wilkes. Was named in honor of 
William J. Alexander, of Mecklenburg County, several times a member of the Legislature and Speaker of 
the House of Commons. 

Population, 14,554 ' County Seat, Taylorsville 

State Senator 28th District Ray E. Chapman Taylorsville 

Member House of Representatives Fred W. Johnson Taylorsville 

524 



County Government 525 



Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Charlie R. Watts Taylorsville 

Register of Deeds W. Rav Lackey Taylorsville 

Sheriff T. E. Bebber Taylorsville 

Treasurer Gerald L. Gwaltney Taylorsville 

Auditor Gerald L. Gwaltney Taylorsville 

Tax Supervisor Gerald \j. Gwaltney Taylorsville 

Tax Collector Gerald L. Gwaltney Taylorsville 

County Accountant Gerald L. Gwaltney Taylorsville 

Coroner Ray E. Chapman Taylorsville 

Surveyor Willie L. Harrington Taylorsville 

Co. Health Officer Dr. Benton V. D. Scott Newton 

Supt. of Schools Sloane W. Payne Taylorsville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Luther Dyson Taylorsville 

Home Dem. Agent Agnes Watts Taylorsville 

Farm Dem. Agent Grover C. Dobbins Taylorsville 

Chmn. Bd. Education W. S. Patterson Stony Point 

Chmn. Bd. Elections P. M. Crouch Stony Point 

Dist. Game & Fish Protector Frank Reese Taylorsville 

Forest Ranger ... William G. Lackey Hiddenite 

County Attorney A. C. Payne Taylorsville 

Veterans Service Officer Dewey R. Warren Taylorsville 

Recorder's Court: / 

Judge Sam Poole Taylorsville 

Solicitor A. C. Payne Taylorsville 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. C. Fortner Taylorsville 

Commissioner Atwell Alexander Stony Point 

Commissioner Elbert Bowman Taylorsville 



ALLEGHANY 

Alleghany County was formed in 1859 from .\she. The name is derived from an Indian tribe in the 
limits of North Carolina. 

'Population, 8,155 County Seat, Sparta 

State Senator 29th District Edwin Duncan Sparta 

Member House of Representatives J. K. Douahton Stratford 

Clerk of Court Gene R. Irwin Sparta 

Register of Deeds Ernest E. Edwards Sparta 

Sheriff P. C. Collins Sparta 

Treasurer P. C. Collins Sparta 

Auditor Ruby Irwin Sparta 

Tax Supervisor Ernest E. Edwards Sparta 

Tax Collector P. C. Collins Sparta 

County Accountant Ruby Irwin Sparta 

Coroner Lee Woodruff Sparta 

Surveyor C. G. Fender Sparta 

Co. Health Officer Dr. M. B. H. Michael Boone 

Sui)t. of Schools Miss Clyde Fields Sparta 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Doris W. Busic Sparta 

Home Dem. Agent Mrs. Francis W'agoner Sparta 

Farm Dem. Agent R. E. Black Sparta 

Chmn. Bd. Education Glenn Evans Ennice 

Chmn. Bd. Elections Worth B. Folger Sparta 

Dist. Game & Fish Protector Dewitt Bryan Sparta 

Forest Ranger George Royall Roaring Gap 

County Attorney R. F. Crouse Sparta 

County Librarian Mrs. Carrie Askew Sparta 

Veterans Service Officer Gene R. Irwin Sparta 



526 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Commissioners 

Chairman Dillon M. Edwards Spai la 

( 'ommissioiier Lomiic Edwards Whitehead 

Commissioner Guy Perry Piney Creek 

ANSOM 

Anson Connty was formed in 1749 from Bladen. Was named in honor of deorge Lord Anson, a cel- 
ebrated English admiral who circumnavigated the globe. He lived for awhile on the Pee Dee in South 
Carolina. In 1761 he was given the honor of bringing to her marriage with King George III, Charlotte, 
Princess of Mecklenburg, for whom Mecklenburg County was named. 

Pojiulation, 26,781 County Seat, Wadesboro 

State Senators lyth District H. B. Smith iMonroe 

T. R. Wolfe Albemarle 

Member House of Representatives Hal W. Little Wadesboro 

!^Ierk of Court E. A. Hightower Wadesboro 

Register of Deeds Francis E. Lilcs Wadesboro 

Sheriff Ben M. Rivers Wadesboro 

Treasurer Francis E. Liles Wadesboro 

Auditor Conrad & Company Charlotte 

Ta.\ Supervisor Francis E. Liles Wadesboro 

Ta.\ Collector W. C. Hardison Wadesboro 

County Accountant Francis E. Liles Wadesboro 

Coroner H. H. Leavitt, Jr Wadesboro 

Surveyor Frank S. Clarke Wadesboro 

Co. Health Officer Dr. Warren D. Carter Wadesboro 

Supt. of Schools J. 0. Bowman Wadesboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Ester C. Humphreys Wadesboro 

Home Dem. Agent 

White Dolores H. Earley Wadesboro 

Colored Margaret R. Kirk Wadesboro 

Farm Dem. Agent 

White J. W. Cameron Wadesboro 

Colored H. H. Price Wadesboro 

Chmn. Board Education Ba.\ter T. McRae Peachland 

Chmn. Board Elections W. L. Ashcraf t Wadesboro 

Dist. Game & Fish Protector Ralph Griffin Wadesboro 

Forest Ranger Lamar Ratliff Wadesboro 

County Attorney Taylor, Kitchin & Taylor Wadesboro 

County Librarian Helen Thompson Wadesboro 

Veterans Service Officer R. C. Covington Wadesboro 

County Criminal Court: 

Judge Walter E. Brock ^^■adesboro 

Solicitor M. D. McLendon, Jr Wadesboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman F. Y. Sorrcll Wadesboro 

Commissioner Bennett M. Edwards Wadesboro 

Commissioner Lance C. Springer Rt. 2, Wadesboro 

Commissioner W. H. Edwards Peachland 

Commissioaer Paul B. Little Rt. 3, Wadesboro 



County Government 527 



ASHE 

Ashe County was formed in 1799 from Wilkes. Was named in honor of Samuel Ashe of New Hanover, 
brother of General John Ashe. Samuel Ashe was a Revolutionary patriot, one of the first judges of the 
state, and afterwards governor. 

Population, 21,878 County Seat, Jefferson 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 29th District Edwin Duncan Sparta 

Member House of Representatives Todd H. Gentry West Jefferson 

Clerk of Court C. S. Neal Jefferson 

Register of Deeds J. D. Stansberry Jefferson 

Sheriff W. R. Roten Jefferson 

Treasurer W. R. Roten Jefferson 

Auditor Smith & Grisette Jefferson 

Tax Collector Elizabeth V. Miller Jefferson 

County Accountant C. S. Neal Jefferson 

Coroner R. R. Badger Jefferson 

Surveyor W. P. Colvard Grassy Creek 

County Health OfiBcer Dr. Mary B. Michael Jefferson 

Supt. of Schools A. B. Hurt Jefferson 

Supt. of Public Welfare Frances Tucker Jefferson 

Home Dem. Agent Sarah F. Wise JefferAon 

Farm Dem. Agent A. B. Addington Jefferson 

Chmn. Board Education B. E. Sturgill Grassy Creek 

Chmn. Board Elections H. H. Lemly Fleetwood 

District Game & Fish Protector Roland Koontz Jefferson 

Forest Ranger E. F. Corn West Jefferson 

County Attorney W. B. Austin-Ira T. Johnston Jefferson 

County Librarian Mrs. C. D. Neal West Jefferson 

Veterans Service Officer Leonard Shepherd Jefferson 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. E. Vannoy West Jefferson 

Commissioner John Houck West Jefferson 

Conmiissioner Edd Davis Tuckerdale 

AVERY 

Avery County was formed in 1911 from Mitchell, Watauga, and Caldwell. Was named in honor of 
Colonel Waightstill Avery "of Revolutionary fame," Attorney-general of North Carolina, 1777-1779. 

Population, 13,352 County Seat, Ncwland 

State Senator 30th District Calvin R. Edney Marshall 

Member House of Representatives Roy A. Harmon Elk Park 

Clerk of Court C. H. Pittman Newland 

Register of Deeds Grant Webb Newland 

Sheriff W. H. Hughes Newland 

Treasurer Avery County Bank Newland 

Auditor Morris Isaac Newland 

Tax Supervisor Morris Isaac Newland 

Tax Collector Richard Homey Ncwland 

County Accountant Morris Isaac Newland 

Coroner Earl LaBarbera Newland 

Surveyor Paul Banner Banner Elk 

County Health Officer Dr. Cameron McRae Burnsville 

Supt. of Schools Kenneth Anderson Newland 

Supt. of Public Welfare W. W. Braswell Newland 

Home Demonstration Agent Marie Scott Ncwland 

Farm Demonstration Agent Sam Gartner Newland 




528 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

rhaimiaii Board Eriuoation J. F. Hampton, Sr Newlaiid 

f'hmii. Board I';iecti()iis W. D. Teimant Crossiiorc 

District Catiie & Fish Protector W. NI. Carpenter Three Mile 

Forest Raiiser .1. M . Vaiiee Crossnore 

County Attorney Charles Hughes Newland 

County Librarian Mrs. Dorothy B. Thomas Newland 

Veterans Service Officer Robert H. Lacey Newland 

Commissioners 

Chairman E. F. Hayes Elk Park 

Commissioner Ben H. Isaac Newland 

Commissioner Henry Burleson Plumtree 

BEAUFORT 

Beaufort County was formed in 1705 from Bath. Was first called Archdale and name changed to 
Beaufort about 1712. It was named in honor of Henry Somerset, Duke of Beaufort, who in 1709 became 
one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. He purchased the share originally owned by the Duke of Albe- 
marle. 

Population, :!7,i:{| County Seat, Washington 

State Senators 2nd District Hugh C, Horton Williamston 

Malcolm C. Paul Washington 

Member House of Representatives Wm. B. Rodman, .Jr Washington 

Clerk of Court Mrs. Ada Taylor Washington 

Register of Deeds C. C. Duke Washington 

Sheriff William Rumley Washington 

Treasurer W. A. Blount Washington 

Auditor W. A. Blount Washington 

Tax Supervisor W. A. Blount Washington 

Tax Collector D. E. Redditt Washington 

County Accountant W. A. Blount Washington 

Coroner J. Boimer Paul Washington 

County Health Officer Dr. L. E. Kling Washington 

Supt. of Schools W. F. Veasey Washington 

Supt. of Public Welfare R. A. Phillips Washington 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Rita C. Preston Washington 

Colored Vivian Morris Washington 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. L. McGahey Washington 

Colored Chester Bright Washington 

Chairman Board Education Ralph H. Hodges Washington 

Chairman Board Elections W. B. Carter Washington 

District Came & Fish Protector Charlie Spain Washington 

Forest Ranger W. A. Woolard Washington 

County Attorney M. C. Paul Washington 

County Librarian Elizabeth Copeland Washington 

Veterans Service Officer James T. McKeel Washington 

Recorders' Courts: 

Aurora: 

Judge W. W. Langley Aurora 

Solicitor J. D. Grimes, Jr Washington 

Belhaven: 

Judge M. M. Jones Belhaven 

Solicitor J. D. Grimes, Jr Washington 

Washington: 

Judge L. E. Mercer Washmgton 

Solicitor J. D. Grimes. Jr Washington 



County Government 



529 



Office 



Officer 
Commissioners 



Address 



Chairman A. D. Swindell Pantego 

Commissioner J. Irvin? Hodges Washington 

Commissioner Mark Taylor Blounts Creek 

Commissioner L. Cramer Alligood Washington 

Commissioner William A. MeGee, Jr Aurora 



BERTIE 

Bertie County was fornwd in 1722 from Bath. Was named ir 
Lords Proprietors, who in 1728 owned the share of Lord Clarendon 



honor of James and Henry Bertie, 



County Seat, Windsor 



J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

A. Pilston Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

J. A. Speight Rt. 1, Windsor 



Population, 26,439 

State Senators 1st District 

Member House of Representatives 

Clerk of Court Geo. C. Spoolmaii Windsor 

Register of Deeds L. 8. Mizelle Windsor 

Sheriff Thos. E. Joyner Windsor 

Treasurer Mrs. Ethel R. Cherry Windsor 

Tax Supervisor L. S. Mizelle .... Windsor 

Tax Collector Lacy M. Early Windsor 

County Accountant L. S. Mizelle Windsor 

Coroner Goodwin Byrd Windsor 

Surveyor J. B. Parker Rt. 1 , Windsor 

County Health Officer Dr. Cola Castelloe Windsor 

Supt. of Schools John L. Dupree Windsor 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Norma P. Smith Windsor 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Agnes Moore Windsor 

C'Olored Gladys Lucinda Ruffin Windsor 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. P. Woodard Windsor 

Colored M. W. Coleman Windsor 

Chairman Board Education J. P. Rascoe Windsor 

Chairman Board Elections R. E. Williford Lewiston 

District Game & Fish Protector W. L. Smallwood Windsor 

Forest Ranger M.J. White Windsor 

County Attorney John R. Jenkins. Jr Aulander 

County Librarian Mrs. J. L. Byrd Windsor 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. E. S. Pugh Windsor 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge J. B. Davenport Windsor 

Solicitor M. B. Gillam, Jr Windsor 



Chairman ... 
Commissioner 
Commissioner 
Commissioner 
Commissioner 




Commissioners 

, W. R. Lawrence Colerian 

Ij. Powell Windsor 

F. Hoggard Aulander 

D. Bazemore Rt. 1, Windsor 

T. N Peele Lewiston 



BLADEN 

Bladen County was formed in 17.34 from Bath. Was named in honor of Martin Bladen, one of the 
members of the Board of Trade which had charge of colonial affairs. 

Population, 29,703 County Seat, Elizabethtown 

State Senators 10th District James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Terry Sanford Fayetteville 

Member House of Representatives H. Manley Clark, Sr Elijabethtown 



530 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court Carl C. Catiiphell Elizabctlitowii 

Register of Deeds D. T. Townsend Elizabethtown 

Sheriff John B. Allen Elizabethtown 

Treiisurer Bank of Elizabethtown Elizabethtown 

Auditor P. G. Cain Elizabethtown 

Tax Supervisor D. A. Harris Elizabethtown 

Tax Collector Milton Chason Elizaliethtown 

Coroner Walter J. Melvin Rt. 2, Elizabethtown 

County Health Officer Dr. R. S. Cromartie Elizabethtown 

Supt. of Schools D. M. Calhoun Elizabethtown 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Bessie R. Lyon Elizabethtown 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Lillie Hester Elizabethtown 

Colored Mrs. Mamie P. Moore Elizabethtown 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White R. B. Harper Elizabethtown 

Colored A. C. McLendon Elizabethtown 

Chairman Board Education John R. Ferguson Clarkton 

Chairman Board Elections Henry C. Brisson Elizabethtown 

Dist. Game & Fish Protector Sam Culbreth Elizabethtown 

Forest Ranger M. H. McQueen Rt. 2, Clarkton 

County Attorney Lloyd S. Elkins Bladeuboro 

County Librarian Thelma Cromartie Elizabethtown 

Veterans Service Officer Louis T. Vaught, Jr Elizabethtown 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Frank T. Grady Elizabethtown 

Solicitor Worth H. Hester Bladenboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman M. L. Fisher Elizabethtown 

Commissioner C. A. Priest Rt. 2, Council 

Commissioner Luther Brisson Rt. 2, Bladenboro 

BRUNSWICK 

Brunswick County was formed in 1764 from New Hanover and Bladen. Was named in honor of the 
famous House of Brunswick, of which the four Georges, Kings of England, were members. 

Population, 19,238 County Seat, Southport 

State Senators 10th District James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Terry Sanford Fayetteville 

Member House of Representatives Odell Williamson Shallotte 

T'lerk of Court S. T. Bennett Southport 

Register of Deeds Amos J. Walton Southport 

Sheriff E. V. Leonard Southport 

Treasurer Waccamaw Bank & Trust Co Southport 

Auditor Ressie R. Whatley Southport 

Tax Supervisor Ressie R. Whatley Southport 

Tax Collector Jack Brown Southport 

County Accountant Ressie R. Whatley Southport 

Coroner J. G. Caison Southport 

Surveyor H. R. Hewett Bolivia 

County Health Officer Dr. Floyd Johnson Southport 

Supt. of Schools J. T. Denning Southport 

Supt. of Public Welfare Edward C. Sexton Southport 

Home Demonstration Agent Thelma Hinson Supply 

Farm Demonstration Agent A. S. Knowles Supply 

Chairman Board Education Thomas St. George Southport 

Chairman Board Elections R. S. Milliken Ash 

District Game & Fish Protector H. T. Bowmer Southport 

Forest Ranger D. R. Mercer Bolivia 

County Attorney S. B. Frink Southport 

Veterans Service Officer C. L. Rourk Southport 



> 

^ R 



County Government 531 



<" Office Officer Address 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W.J. MeLamb Shallotte 

Solicitor E. E. Parker, Jr fiouthport 

Commissioners 

Chairman f^lRoy King Ash 

Commissioner R. L. Rabon Winnabow 

Commissioner Leo Medlin Leland 

BUNCOMBE 

Buncombe County was formed in 1791 from Burke and Rutherford. Was named in honor of Colonel 
Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary soldier who was wounded and captured at the battle of German town, 
October 4, 1777, and died a paroled prisoner. May 177S, in Philadelphia. Colonel Buncombe hved in 
Tyrrell County. He was noted for his hospitality. Over the door of his house were these lines. "Wel- 
come all to Buncombe Hall." 

Population, 124,403 County Seat, Asheville 

State Senator 31st District Zebulon Weaver. Jr Asheville 

Members House of Representatives John Y. Jordan, Jr Asheville 

Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 

Dr. John C. Young Rt. 2. Asheville 

lerk of Court J. E. Swain Asheville 

Register of Deeds Geo. A. Digges, Jr Asheville 

SheritT L. E. Brown Asheville 

Treasurer J. C. Garrison Asheville 

Auditor J. C. Garrison Asheville 

Tax Supervisor R. J. Crowell Asheville 

Tax Collector John P. Brown Asheville 

County Accountant J. C. Garrison Asheville 

Coroner Dr. P. R. Terry Asheville 

Surveyor Keneth G. Roberts Rt. 1, Alexander 

County Health Officer Dr. H. C. Whims Asheville 

Supt. of Schools T. C. Roberson Asheville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Geo. H. Lawrence Asheville 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Mamie Sue Evans Asheville 

Farm Demonstration Agent W. Riley Palmer Asheville 

Chairman Board Education Dr. B. E. Morgan Asheville 

Chaiman Board Elections Clyde W. Bradley Asheville 

District Game & Fish Protector Avon 0. Ray Mars Hill 

Forest Ranger J. Paul Holland Enka 

County Attorney Roy A. Taylor Black Mountain 

County Librarian Margaret H. Ligon Asheville 

Veterans Service Officer Richard Hulme Asheville 

Asheville City Court: 

Judge Sam M. Cathey Asheville 

Solicitor Will Hampton Asheville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Coke Candler Candler 

Commissioner John C. Vance .Asheville 

Commissioner George D. Young Swannanoa 

BURKE 

Burke County was formed in 1777 from Rowan. Was luiiiied in honor of Dr. Thomas Burke, mem- 
ber of the Continental Congress and governor of North Carolina. 

Population, 45,518 County Seat, Morganton 

State Senator 28th District Ray E. Chapman Taylorsville 

Member House of Representatives Livingston Vernon Morganton 



532 North Carolina Manual 



Office . Officer Address 

Cle-k of Court \V. ('. Ross Morgaiiton 

Rpgistor of Deeds W. Alvin Berry Morgaiiton 

LSIierifT Ray A. Sigmon Morgaiitoii 

Treasurer Charles Elkin Morgaiiton 

Auditor Charles Elkin Morgaiiton 

Tax Suiiervisor J. J. Hallyburton Morganton 

Tax Collector X. H. Cox Morganton 

County Accountant Charles Elkin Morganton 

f^oroner R. F. Setzer Morganton 

Surveyor J. A. Harbison Morganton 

County Health OfiBcer Dr. C. C. Janowskv Morganton 

Supt. of Schools R. L. Patton Morganton 

Supt. of Public Welfare M.J. Lynam .Morganton 

Home Demonstration Agent Evelyn Wiggins Watson Morganton 

Farm Demonstration .Agent Herbert M. Speas Morganton 

Chairman Board Education Lester H. .McNeely Morganton 

Chairman Board Elections CM. Walton Morganton 

District ( "lame & Fish Protector Robin Rhyne Morganton 

Forest Ranger S. B. Conley Morganton 

County Attorney Harold Mitchell .Morganton 

('ounty Librarian Mrs. Miltanna R. McVey Morganton 

Veterans Service ( )fficer Jack Windchester Morganton 

County Criminal Court: 

Judge T. Earl Franklin Morganton 

.Solicitor Joe K. Byrd Morganton 

Commissioners 

Chairman J, J. Hallyburton Morganton 

Commissioner Sterling L. Cline Valdese 

Commissioner Bennett Simpson Morganton 

Commissioner J. M. Wells Morganton 

Commissioner Tellis (1. Bumgarner Drexel 

CABARRUS 

Cabarrus County was formed in 1792 from Mecklenburg. Was named in honor of Stephen Cabarrus, 
of Edenton, several times a member of the Legislature and often Speaker of the House of Commons. 

Poimlation, 6:i,7S,3 County Seat, Concord 

State Senators 21st District Luther E. Bariihardt Concord 

Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

Members House of Representatives E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 

Clerk of Court D. Ray McEachern Concord 

Register of Deeds ) John R. Roger Concord 

Sheriff E. M.lLogan Concord 

Treasurer Mrs. Margie M. White Concord 

Auditor Charles N. Field Concord 

Tax Supervisor R. C. Harris Concord 

Tax Collector W'. D. Lee, Jr Concord 

County .Accountant Charles N. Field Concord 

Coroner Clifford H. Brown Kannapolis 

Surveyor W. L. Furr. Jr Concord 

County Health Officer Dr. J. Roy Hege Concord 

Supt. of Schools C. A. Furr Concord 

Supt. of Public Welfare E. Farrell White Concord 

Home Demanstration Agent Miss Jo Earp Concord 

Fariii Demonstration Agent J. Ray Allen Concord 

Chairman Board Education Boyd Biggers Concord 

Chairman Board Elections John Sharp Hartsell Concord 

District Came & Fish Protector John W. Patterson Concord 



County Government 533 



Office Officer Address 

Forest Ranker Fred Moehler Concord 

County Attorneys John Sharp Hartsell & Luther E. Barnhardt Coiii'oni 

County Librarian Martha Crowell Concord 

Veterans Service Officer Coram F. Miller Concord 

County Recorder's Court: 
Judge H. W. Calloway, Jr Concord 

Commissioners 

Chairman J. Lee White Concord 

Commissioner P. E. Stalliiigs Harrisburg 

Commissioner H. L. Fink Concord 

Commissioner M . Smoot Lyles Concord 

Commissioner L. B. Barrier Mt. Pleasant 



CALDWELL 

Caldwell County was formed in 1S41 from Burke and Wilkes. Was named in honor of Joseph Cald- 
well, the first president of the University of North Carolina. He was one of the first and strongest ad- 
vocates of the public school system and of the railroad through the center of the state from Morehead 
City to Tennessee. 

Population, 43,352 County Seat, Lenoir 

State Senator 2Sth District Ray E. Chapman Taylorsville 

Member House of Representatives John Anderson Lenoir 

Clerk of Court G. W. Sullivan Lenoir 

Register of Deeds Margaret B. Moore Lenoir 

Sheriff G. D. Greer Lenoir 

Auditor Stella H. Spencer : Lenoir 

Ta.x Supervisor James H. Sherrill Lenoir 

Tax Collector James H. Sherrill Lenoir 

County Accountant Stella H. Spencer Lenoir 

Coroner Marshall Kincaid Lenoir 

Surveyor Thomas P. Lsbell Lenoir 

County Health Officer Dr. William Happer Lenoir 

Supt. of Schools CM. Abernethy Lenoir 

Supt. of Public Wflf ire Lois George (Acting) Lenoir 

Home Demonstration Agent Ruth Kesler Lenoir 

Farm Demonstration Agent Max C. Culp Lenoir 

Chairman Board Education V. D. Guire Lenoir 

Chairman Board Elections A. F. Torrence Lenoir 

District Game & Fish Protector Cecil Lindsay Lenoir 

Forest Ranger Lee Steele Lenoi r 

County Attorney L. H. Wall Lenoir 

County Librarian Mrs. Anna Cooper Lenoir 

Veterans Service Officer Cecil Ha ley Lenoir 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge L. M. Abernethy Granite Falls 

Solicitor Ben Beach Lenoir 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. L. Bradley Lenoir 

Commissioner Coit Barber Whitnel 

Commissioner Danny Courtney Lenoir 

Commissioner Stuart Lingle Granite Falls 

Commissioner J. B. Myers Rt. 2, Granite Falls 



534 North Carolina Manual 



CAMDEN 

Camdpn County was formed in 1777 from Pasquotank. Was named in honor of the learned English- 
nian, Charles Pratt, Earl of Camden, who was one of the strongest friends of the Americans in British 
Parliament. He took their side in the dispute over taxation without repre.sentation. 

Population, 5,223 County Seat, Camden 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

A. Pilston Godwin. Jr Oatevilles 

Member House of Representatives J. Wilbert Forbes Shawboro 

Clerk of Court Mrs, Annie Forbes Camden 

Register of Deeds P. P. Gregory : Camden 

Sheriff M. D. Stevens Camden 

Treasurer First & Citizens Natl. Bk Elizabeth City 

Auditor Matilda Barlett Camden 

Tax Supervisor R. L. Bray Camden 

Coroner Carroll Godfrey Camden 

County Health Officer Dr. B. B. McGuire Elizabeth City 

Hupt. of Schools J. F. Pugh Old Trap 

Supt. of Public Welfare R. li. Godfrey Camden 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Mamie Sawyer Elizabeth City 

Farm Demonstration Agent S. A. Tuten Camden 

Chairman Board Education C. T. Harrison Old Trap 

Chairman Board Elections D. B. Burgess Shiloh 

District Game & Fish Protector Harry McPherson Belcross 

Forest Ranger M. B. Williams South Mills 

County Attorney W. P. Britton Elizabeth City 

Recorder's Court: 
Judge R L. Whaley Camden 

Commissioners 

Chairman C. C. Meiggs Camden 

Commissioner J. J. Walston Shiloh 

Commissioner G. H. Williams Camden 

CARTERET 

Carteret County was formed in 1722 from Bath. Was named in honor of Sir John Carteret, after- 
wards (1744) Earl Granville, one of the Lords Proprietors. When the other Lords Proprietors sold their 
shares to the king in 1728 Carteret refused to sell, and an immense tract of land in North Carolina was 
laid off as his share in 1744. It was called the Granville District and was the cause of a great deal of 
trouble. He lost it by confiscation when the Revolution freed North Carolina from British rule. 

Population, 23,059 County Seat, Beaufort 

State Senators 7th District Carl T. Hicks Walstonburg 

John D. Larkins. Jr Trenton 

Member House of Representatives H. Earle Mobley Morehead City 

Clerk of Court A. H. James Beaufort 

Register of Deeds I. W. Davis Beaufort 

Sheriff C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Auditor James D. Potter Beaufort 

Tax Supervisor James D. Potter Beaufort 

Tax Collector Eugene Moore Beaufort 

County Accountant James D. Potter Beaufort 

Coroner Leslie D. Springle Beaufort 

Surveyor Philip K. Ball Morehead City 

County Health Officer Dr. N. T. Ennett Beaufort 

Supt. of Schools H. L. Joselyn Morehead City 

Supt. of Public Welfare Georgie P. Hughes Beaufort 

Home Demonstration Agent Martha Barnett Beaufort 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. M. Williams Beaufort 



County Government 535 



Office Officer Address 

Chairman Board Education L. W. Moore Beaufort 

Chairman Board Elections Fred R. Seeley Beaufort 

District Game & Fish Protector LeRoy Mcintosh Beaufort 

Forest Ranger E. M. Foreman Rt. I , Beaufort 

County Attorney Alvah Hamilton Morchead City 

County Librarian Mrs. Paul Woodard Beaufort 

Veterans Service Officer C. L. Beam Beaufort 

County Recorder's Court; 

Judge L. R. Morris Atlantic 

Solicitor W. H. Taylor, Jr Beaufort 

Beaufort Recorder's Court: 

Judge Earl Mason Beaufort 

Solicitor Wiley Taylor Beaufort 

Morehead Municipal Recorder's Court: 

Judge George H. McNeill Morehead City 

Solicitor H. 0. Phillips, III Morehead City 

Commissioners 

Chairman '. Dr. K. P. B. Bonner Morehead Ci;y 

Commissioner Tilton Davis Barkers Island 

Commissioner Walter M. Yeomans Markers Island 

Commiss oner Moses Howard Newport 

Commissioner Edward H. Potter Beaufort 



CASWELL 

Caswell County was formed in 1777 from Orange. Was named in honor of Richard Caswell, member 
of the First Continental Congress, first Governor of North Carolina after the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, si.x times re-elected Governor, and Major-General in the Revolutionary Army. 

Population, 20,870 County Seat, Yanceyville 

State Senator 15th District S. M. Bason Yanceyville 

Member House of Representatives Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill 

Clerk of Court ; G. M. Harris Yanceyville 

Register of Deeds J. Burch Blaylock Yanceyville 

Sheriff J. Y. Gatewood Yanceyville 

Treasurer Jas. N. Slade Yanceyville 

Auditor Jas. N. Slade Yanceyville 

Tax Supervisor Giles Mebane Yanceyville 

Tax Collector Giles Mebane Yanceyville 

County Accountant Jas. N. Slade Yanceyville 

Coroner H. L. Gwynn Yanceyville 

County Health Officer Dr. George E. Waters Leaksville 

Supt. of Schools Thos. H. Whitley. Yanceyville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Leona Graham Yanceyville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Louise Homewood Yanceyville 

Colored Helen Payne Yanceyville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. E. Zimmerman Yanceyville 

Colored E. B T. Carraway Yanceyville 

Chairman Board Education David R. Johnson Yanceyville 

Chairman Board Elections Dan McMullan Yanceyville 

District Game & Fish Protector Raymond Allen Leasburg 

County Attorneys Pemberton & Wilson Yanceyville 

County Librarian Mrs. Nannie Malloy Yanceyville 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Ralph 0. Vernon Blanch 

Solicitor W. B. Horton Yanceyville 



536 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer AtldiTss 

Commissionprs 

Chairiiian E. S. Butler Rt. 1 . Reidsville 

Commissioner W. P Cook Star Route, Yaiieeyville 

Commissioner A. D. Swann Star Rt., Danville, Va. 

Commissioner C. B. Ro",ers Yaiieeyville 

Cominissioner A. P. Dabbs Rt. 1 , Yaiieeyville 

CATAWBA 

Catawba County was formed in 1842 from Liiieoln. Was namerl after a tribe of Indians whieli dwelt 
in that section of the State. Catawba County voted with (iattoii and fjineoln until 1854. 

Populatiou, 61,794 County Seat. Newton 

State Senators 25th District C. V. Henkel. .Ir. Turnersburg 

William B. .Sliuford Hickory 

Member House of Representatives I-toy E. Leinbach, Jr Newton 

cTerk of Court P. W. Deaton Newton 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Willie Trott Newton 

Sheriff Austin E. Smith Newton 

Treasurer John F. Carjienter Newton 

Auditor A. E. Sharrer Newton 

Ta.x Supervisor C. E. (iywn Newton 

Tax Collector .John F. Carpenter Newton 

Coroner Jack E. Ba.ss Hickory 

Surveyor Ci. Sam Rowe Newton 

( 'ountv Health Officer Dr. Benton V. D. Scott Hickory 

Sui)t. of Schools M. C. Camjibell Newton 

Supt. of Pulilic Welfare Joseline Harding Conover 

Home Demonstration Agent Wylie Knox Newton 

Farm Demonstration Agent Jesse Giles Newton 

Chairman Board Education Ralph Sigmon Claremont 

Chairman Board Elections H. E. Fritts Hickory 

District Game & Fish Protector John Fairchild Conover 

Forest Ranger James Ledbetter Newton 

Countv Manager John F. Carpenter. . .'. Maiden 

County Attorney J. C. Sigmon, Sr Newton 

County Librarian George Linder Newton 

Veterans Service Officer John Caldwell Newton 

Countv Recorder's Court: 

.Judge J. C. Sigmon, Jr Newton 

^ Solicitor Richard A. Williams Maiden 

HickorylRecorder's f^urt: 

Judge Emmett C. Willis Hickory 

Solicitor Murray E. Tate Hickory 

Commissioners 

Chairman L. L. Moss Hickory 

Comniis.sioncr Adrian L. Shuford, Jr Newton 

Commissioner Chas H Geitner ,1' ■j''-^ 

Commissioner W. E. Abernethy .Maiden 

Commissioner Horace Isenhour Conover 

CHATHAM 

Chatham County was formed in 1770 from Orange. Was named in honor of the great Englishman 
who won for England all of French America and was the most eloquent defender ot the American cause in 
the British Parliament during the Revolution— William Pitt, Earl of Chatham. 

Population, 25,392 County Seat, Pittsboro 



County Government 537 



Office Officer Address 

State Senators 13th District James H. Pou Bailey Raleigh 

Warren R. Williams Saniord 

Member House of Representatives W. Herman Scott Rt. 3, Chapel Hill 

Clerk of Court E. B. Hatch Pittsboro 

Register of Deeds Lemuel R. Johnson Pittsboro 

Sheriff John W. Emerson, Jr Pittsboro 

Treasurer Bank of Pittsboro Pittsboro 

Tax Supervisor John M. Mclver Pittsboro 

Tax Collector John W. Emerson, Jr Pittsboro 

County Accountant John M. Mclver Pittsboro 

Coroner H. L. Stone Slier City 

Surveyor Lloyd R. Womble Siler City 

County Health Officer Dr. 0. David Garvin Chapel Hill 

Supt. of Schools J. S. Waters Pittsboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. C. K. Strowd Pittsboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Flossie Whitley Pittsboro 

Colored Mildred B. Payton Pittsboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. B. Snipes Pittsboro 

Colored Joseph Turner Goldston 

Chairman Board Education Wade Paschal Siler City 

Chairman Board Elections Willie B. Morgan Pittsboro 

District Game & Fish Protector A. Eugene Jones Siler City 

Forest Ranger A. B. Clark Pittsboro 

County Attorney Wade Barber Pittsboro 

County Librarian Mrs. Elizabeth Aygarn Siler City 

Veterans Service Officer Carl Butler Pittsboro 

County Criminal Court: 

Judge J. Lee Moody Pittsboro 

Solicitor F. C. Upchurch Pittsboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman Earl J. Dark Pittsboro 

Commissioner W. B. Emerson Rt. 2, Bear Creek 

Commissioner Vester Dickens .Corinth 

Commissioner Hal Clark Siler City 

Commissioner Bruce C. Ferrell Rt. 3, Apex 

CHEROKEE 

Cherokee County was formed in 1839 from Macon. Was named after an Indian tribe which still 
dwells in that section of the state. 

Population, 18,294 County Seat, Murphy 

State Senator 33rd District Dr. J. H. Crawford Robbinsville 

Member House of Representatives Richard Mauney -Muriihy 

Clerk of Court J. L. Hall Murphy 

Register of Deeds Kate P. Hensley Murphy 

Sheriff M. G. Crawford Murphy 

Treasurer E. L. Shields Murphy 

Auditor E. L. Shields Murphy 

Tax Supervisor E. L. Shields Murphy 

Tax Collector E. L. Shields Murphy 

County Accountant E. L. Shields Murphy 

Coroner Dr. Harry Miller Murphy 

Surveyor 0. (J. Anderson Culberson 

Supt. of Schools Lloyd Hendrix Murphy 

Supt. of Public Welfare John.sie R. Nunn w"'"Pu^ 

Home Demonstration Agent Edna Bishop w""'"!!^ 

Farm Demonstration Agent G. H. Farley vJ"'''', ^ 

Chairman Board Education Noah Hembree Murphy 



18 



538 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Chairman Board Elections P. H. Leatherwood Murphy 

District Game & Fish Protector A. R. Dalrymple Murphy 

Forest Ranger Ernest Burnett Murphy 

County Attorney H. L. McKeever Murphy 

County Librarian Phyllis M. tSnyder Murphy 

Veterans Service Officer John A. Davidson Murphy 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. E. Moore Murphy 

Commissioner Sam W. Jones Andrews 

Commissioner Gay Hawkins Suit 

CHOWAN 

Chowan County was formed in 1572 from Albemarle. Was named for an Indian tribe dwelling in 
the northeastern part of the State when the English first came to North Carolina. 

Population, 12,540 County Seat, Edenton 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copelaiid Murfreesboro 

A. Pilston Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Member House of Representatives John F. White Edenton 

Clerk of Court E. W. Spires Edenton 

Register of Deeds M. L. Bunch Edenton 

Sheriff J. A. Bunch Edenton 

Treasurer Geo. C. Hoskins Edenton 

Tax Supervisor Mrs. Annie W. McMullan Edenton 

Tax Collector J. A. Bunch Edenton 

County Accountant E. W. Spires Edenton 

Coroner Hubert B. Williford Edenton 

County Health Officer Dr. B. B. McGuire EUzabeth Citv 

Supt. of Schools W. J. Taylor Edenton 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Carolyn C. McMullan Edenton 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Rebecca E. Colwell Edenton 

Colored Onnie S. Charlton Edenton 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White C. W. Overman Edenton 

Colored .J. B. Small Edenton 

Chairman Board Education G. B. Potter Edenton 

Chairman Board Elections L. S. Byrum Edenton 

District Game & Fish Protector R. E. Evans Rt. 1, Edenton 

Forest Ranger Frank V. White Rt. 1, Edenton 

County Attorney J. N. Pruden Edenton 

County Librarian Mrs. C. P. Wales Edenton 

Veterans Service Officer J. L. Wiggins Edenton 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Marvin P. Wilson Edenton 

Solicitor Wcldon A. Hollowell Edenton 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. W. Bvrum Edenton 

Commissioner J. A. Webb Rt. 2. Edenton 

Commis.sioner W. E. Bond Edenton 

Conamissioner E. N. Elliott Tvner 

Commissioner J. R. Peele Rt. 3, Edenton 



County Government 539 



CLAY 

Clay County was formed in 1861 from Cherokee. Was nameil in honor of the great orator and states- 
man, Henry Clay. Prior to 1868 Clay voted with Cherokee. 

Population, 6,006 County Seat, Hayesvilie 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 33rd District Dr. J, H. Crawford Robbinsville 

Member Hou.se of Representatives H. M. Moore Hayesvilie 

Clerk of Court George H. Martin Hayesvilie 

Register of Deeds Mrs. J. M May Hayesvilie 

Sheriff Glenn Swanson Hayesvilie 

Trea.surer L. P. Smith Hayesvilie 

Auditor L. P. Smith Hayesvilie 

Tax Supervisor L. P. Smith Hayesvilie 

Tax Collector Glenn Swanson Hayesvilie 

County Accountant L. P. Smith Hayesvilie 

Supt. of Schools Allen J. Bell Hayesvilie 

Supt. of Public Welfare Alviii L. Penland Hayesvilie 

Home Demonstration Agent Velma Moore Hayesvilie 

Farm Demonstration Agent R. G. Vick Hayesvilie 

Chairman Board Education Paul Caler Hayesvilie 

Chairman Board Elections Vernon F. Martin Hayesvilie 

District Game & Fish Protector Harrison J. Martin Hayesvilie 

Forest Ranger Henson Chambers Hayesvilie 

County Manager L. P. Smith Hayesvilie 

County Attorney 0. L. Ander.son Murphy 

County Librarian Mrs. G. J. Bradshaw Ha.vesville 

Veterans Service Officer Glenn Swanson Hayesvilie 

Commissioners 

Chairman Cline E. McClure Hayesvilie 

Commissioner Walter Johnson Hayesvilie 

Commissioner Wilburn G. Mingus Hayesvilie 

CLEVELAND 

Cleveland County was formed in 1841 from Rutherford and Lincoln. Was named in honor of Colone 
Benjamin Cleveland, a noted partisan leader on the western Carolina frontier in the Revolution, and one 
of the "Heroes of King's Mountain," 

Population, 64,357 County Seat, Shelby 

State Senators 27th District Robert F. Morgan Shelby 

Robert W. Proctor Marion 

Member House of Representatives B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Clerk of Court E. A. Houser Jr Shelby 

Recister of Deeds Dan W. Moore Shelby 

Sheriff J. H. Allen Shelby 

Treasurer Mrs. Lillian E. Newton Shelby 

Auditor Max Hamrick Shelby 

Tax Supervisor Max Hamrick Shelby 

Tax Collector Robert S Gidney Shelby 

County Accountant Max Hamrick Shelby 

Coroner ... Qllie S. Harris Kings Mountain 

County Health Officer Dr. Z. P. Mitchell Shelby 

Supt. of Schools J. H. Grigg Shelby 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mary Burns Parker Shelby 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White LaUna Brashears Shelby 

Colored Thelma McVea Shelby 



540 



North Carolina Manual 



Office 



Officer 



Address 



Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Howard t'lapp Shelby 

Colored L. J. McDougle Shelby 

Chairman Board Education B. Austell Earl 

Chairman Board Elei-tions Joe F. Mull Shelby 

District Game & Fish Protector Jesse 0. Price Shelby 

County Attorney C. C Horn Shelby 

County Librarian Mrs. Maude Kelsey Shelby 

Veterans Service Officer Chalmus L. Miller Shelby 

County Recorder's Court: 

Judge Reuben L. Elam Shelby 

Solicitor Bynum E. Weathers Shelby 

Kings Mountain Recorder's Court: 
Judge Jack H. White Kings Mountain 



Chairman .... 
Commissioner. 
Commissioner. 
Commissioner. 
Commissioner . 



Commissioners 

.Zeb V. Cline Shelby 

.H. B. Bumeardncr Kings Mountain 

. F. L. Rollins Lawndale 

.B. P. Jenkins Rt. 4, Shelby 

. R. G. Burrus Mooresboro 



COLUMBUS 

Columbus County was formed in 180S from Bladen and Brunswick. AVas named in honor of the 
Discoverer of the New World. 

Population, 50,621 County Seat, Whiteville 

State Senators 10th District James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Terry Sanford Fayetteville 

Member House of Representatives W. F. Floyd White\'ille 

Clerk of Court Lee J. Greer White-iill e 

Register of Deeds Leo L. Fisher Whitevill'' 

Sheriff H. Hugh Nance Whitevill*^ 

Auditor Mrs. Alice Burns Whiteville 

Tax Supervisor Mrs. Venie Rouse Whiteville 

Tax Collector W. Alex Weir Whiteville 

Surveyor Herman Schnibben Whiteville 

County Health Officer Dr. Floyd Johnson WhiteviRe 

Supt. of Schools Ward Guy Whiteville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Alice S. Wright Tabor City 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Elaine N. Blake Whiteville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Charles Raper \\'hiteville 

Chairman Board Education J. W. Peay Tabor City 

Chairman Board Elections A. E. Powell. Jr Whiteville 

District Game & Fish Protector J. H. Coleman Bolton 

Forest Ranger B. Frank Batton Rt. 2, Chadbourn 

County Attorney R. B. Mallard Tabor City 

County Librarian Edna Creech Whiteville 

Veterans Service Officer Thurston Formyduval Whiteville 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. E. Harrelson Whiteville 

Solicitor Sankey Robinson Whiteville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Leainon P. Ward Clarendon 

Commissioner Bud Stei)hens Evergreen 

Commissioner Lacy H. Thompson Chadbourn 

Commissioner C. R. Council Hallsboro 

Commissioner Willie Buffkin Whiteville 



County Government 541 



CRAVEN 

Craven County was formed about 1712 from Bath. Was named in lionor of William, Lord Craven, 
one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina. 

Population 48,823 County Seat, N'ew Bern 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 7th District Carl T. Hicks Walstonhurg 

John D. Larkiiis, Jr Trenton 

Member House of Representatives Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 

Clerk of Court W. B. Planner New Bern 

Register of Deeds Jane Holland New Bern 

Sheriff C. B. Berry New Bern 

Auditor Ben 0. Jones New Bern 

Tax Supervisor U. W. Daugherty New Bern 

County Accountant Ben 0. Jones New Bern 

Coroner Frank Ballard Bridgeton 

County Health Officer Dr. E. D. Hardin New Bern 

Supt. of Schools R. L. Pugh New Bern 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. John D. Whitford New Bern 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Jessie J. Trowbridge _. New Bern 

Colored Alese Massenburg '. New Bern 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White A. T. Jackson New Bern 

Colored Otis Evans New Bern 

Chairman Board Education C. A. Seifert New Bern 

Chairman Board Elections A. A. Kafer, Jr New Bern 

District Game & Fish Protector Raymond Watson Rt. 2, New Bern 

County Attorney R. A. Nunn New Bern 

County Librarian Mary Scott Gurley New Bern 

Veterans Service Officer W. B. Rouse New Bern 

County Recorder's Court: 

Judge Lawrence E. Lancaster Vanceboro 

Solicitor Raymond E. Sumrell New Bern 

City Recorder's Court: 

Judge L. A. Stith New Bern 

Solicitor Henry A. Orady. Jr New Bern 

Commissioners 

Chairman Ceo. W. Ipock Ernul 

Commissioner E. R. Ipock Cove City 

Commissioner A. L. Dail New Bern 

Commissioner T. W. Hagwood Rt. 4, New Bern 

Commissioner C. D. Lancaster New Bern 

CUMBERLAND 

Cumberland County was formed in 1754 from Bladen. Was named in honor of William Augustus, 
Duke of Cumberland, second son of King (ieorge II. Cumberland was the commander of the English 
army at the battle of Culloden, in which the Scotch Highlanders were so badly defeated. Many of them 
came to America, and their i)rincipal settlement was at Cross Creek in Cumberland County. 

Population, 96,006 County Seat, Fayetteville 

State Senators 10th District James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Terry Sanford Fayetteville 

Members House of Representatives Trov A. Fisher Fayetteville 

I. H. O'Hanlon Fayetlevdie 

Clerk of Court C. W. Broadfoot Fayetteville 

Register of Deeds J. W. Johnson Fayetteville 

Sheriff Leon L. C.uy Fayetteville 



542 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Treasurer R. E. Nimocks Fayetteville 

Tax Supervisor T. G. Braxton Favetteville 

Tax Collcetor B.C. Bramble Fayetteville 

County Aecountant R. E. Nimocks Fayetteville 

Coroner Joe W. Pinkston Fayetteville 

County Health Officer Dr. M. T. Foster Fayetteville 

Supt. of Schools F. D. Byrd Fayetteville 

Supt. of Public Welfare E. L. Hauser Fayetteville 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Lena E. BuUard Fayetteville 

Colored Mary Helen LeGrand Fayetteville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. T. Monroe Fayetteville 

Colored Harvey Johnson Fayetteville 

Chairman Board Education Donald McIntyTe Godwin 

Chairman Board Elections Layton McGugan Fayetteville 

District Game & Fish Protector Leroy Faircloth Fayetteville 

Forest Ranger P. P. Smith Fayetteville 

County Attorney C. C. Howard (Acting) Fayetteville 

County Librarian Dorothy Shue Fayetteville 

Veterans Service Officer Norman H. Person Fayetteville 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Seavy A. Carroll Fayetteville 

Solicitor Lester G. Carter, Jr Fayetteville 

City Recorder's Court: 

Judge Coy E. Brewer Fayetteville 

Solicitor George F. Taylor Fayetteville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Lector E. Ray Fayetteville 

Commissioner Frank M. Barrett Fayetteville 

Commissioner F. G. Kinlaw Fayetteville 

Commissioner Douglas M . Clark Fayetteville 

Commissioner J. McN. Gillis Fayetteville 

CURRITUCK 

Currituck County was formed in 1672 from Albemarle. Was named after an Indian tribe. 

Population, 6,201 County Seat, Currituck 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

A. Pilston Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Member House of Representatives E. R. Johnson Moyock 

Clerk of Court Ralph E. Saunders Currituck 

Register of Deeds William Brumsey, Jr Currituck 

Sheriff L. L. Dozier Currituck 

Treasurer Bank of Currituck Moyock 

Auditor Mrs. Alice S. Brumsey Currituck 

Tax Supervisor William Brumsey, Jr Currituck 

Tax Collector L. L. Dozier Currituck 

County Accountant Mrs. Alice S. Brumsey Currituck 

Coroner J. Brvan Smith Harbinger 

County Health Officer Dr. W. W. Johnston Currituck 

Supt. of Schools S. C. Chandler Currituck 

Supt. of Public Welfare Pearl J. Hastings Currituck 

Home Demonstration Agent Elizabeth P. Sanderlin Shawboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent L. A. Powell Barco 

Chairman Board Education Charlie Roberts Shawboro 

Chairman Board Elections Smith Harrell Mamie 

District Game & Fish Protector R. A. Dowdy Grandy 

County Attorney Wilton F. Walker, Jr Elizabeth City 

County Librarian Josephine West Moyock 



County Government 543 



Office Officer Address 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. F. Leary Gregory 

Solicitor Wilton F. Walker. Jr Elizabeth City 

Commissioners 

Chairman H. D. Xcwbern Powells Point 

Commissioner R. N. Dowdy Powells Point 

Commissioner R. D. Collins Coiiijock 

Commissioner S. C Doxey Maple 

Commissioner Mack Sanderlin Shawboro 

Commissioner I. F. West Moyoek 

Commissioner N. M. Ansell Knotts Island 

DARE 

Dare County was formed in 1870 from Currituck, Tyrrell, and Hyde. Was named in honor of Virginia 
Dare, the first English child born in America, 

Population, 5,405 County Seat, Manteo 

State Senators 2nd District Hugh G. Horton Williamston 

Malcolm C. Paul Washington 

Member House of Representatives R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Clerk of Court C. S. Meekins Manteo 

Register of Deeds Melvin R. Daniels Manteo 

Sheriff Frank M. Cahoon Manteo 

Treasurer The Bank of Manteo Manteo 

Auditor C. S. Meekins Manteo 

Ta.\ Supervisor Willis L. Daniels Manteo 

Ta.x Collector Frank M. Cahoon Manteo 

County Accountant C. S, Meekins Manteo 

Coroner Marvin Rogers Manteo 

County Health Officer Dr. W. W. Johnston Manteo 

Supt. of Schools Mrs. Mary L. Evans Manteo 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Goldie H. Meekins Manteo 

Home Demonstration Agent Mary E. Kirby Manteo 

Farm Demonstration Agent Robert S. Smith Manteo 

Chairman Board Education Walter D. Perry Kill Devil Hills 

Chairman Board Elections Hugh Basnight Manteo 

District Game & Fish Protector Jack B. Ballance Kill Devil Hills 

Forest Ranger Frank Hemilright Manns Harbor 

County Attorney Martin Kellogg. Jr Manteo 

County Librarian Mrs. Georgia E. Harwood Manteo 

Veterans Service Officer James M. Vannote Manteo 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. F. Baum Manteo 

Solicitor Martin Kellogg, Jr Manteo 

Commissioners 

Chairman ( 'iaude ( '. Duvall East Lake 

Commissioner Lawrence L. Swain Manteo 

Commissioner James W. Scarborough Avon 

Commissioner W. H. Lewark Kill Devil Hills 

Commissioner Lloyd Scarborough Buxton 



544 North Carolina Manual 



DAVIDSON 

Dividsoii County was formed in 1K22 from Rowan. Was named in honor of Ceneral William Lee 
Davidson, a soldier of the Rcvohjtion, who was killed at the Battle of Cowan's Ford. When General 
Greene retreated acrass North Carolina before Cornwallis in 1781. he stationed some troops under General 
Davidson at Cowan's Ford over the Catawba River to delay the British Army. The British attaeked 
the Americans, killed General Davidson, and forced the passage. The United States has erected a mon- 
ument in his honor on Guilford Battleground. 

Population, ()2,2-14 County Seat, Lexington 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators ISth District (ieorge L. Hundley Thomasville 

F^dwin Pate Lauriiiburg 

, Member House of Representatives H. Cloyd Philpott Lexington 

Clerk of Court M. P. ("ooper Lexington 

Register of Deeds M. V. Lomax Lexington 

Sheriff W. G. Fritts Lexington 

Treasurer Mrs. Ola Sink .■ Lexington 

Auditor William Russ Company Raleigh 

Tax Supervisor Frank ( irav Lexington 

Tax Collector W. G. Fritts Lexington 

Coroner Dr. David Plummer Thomasville 

Surveyor Robert Kinney Lexington 

County Health Officer Dr. John Wesley Varner Lexington 

Supt. of Schools Paul F. F>ans Lexington 

Supt. of Public Welfare Matilda Umholtz Lexington 

Home Demonstration Agent Martha B, Thompson Lexington 

Farm Demonstration Agent C. E. Bernhardt Lexington 

Chairman Board Education Baxter Carter Denton 

Chairman Board Elections Arnold Weaver Lexington 

Distric't ( lame & Fish Protector J. B. (.ireene Thomasville 

Forest Ranger Joe S. Hinshaw Lexington 

County Manager Frank Gray Thomasville 

County .Attorney Charles W. Mauze Lexington 

County Librarian Antoinette Earle Lexington 

Veterans Service Officer Eugene Morris Thomasville 

Davidson County Court: 

Judge L. A. Martin Lexington 

Solicitor Reamer Barnes Lexington 

Thomasville Recorder's Court: 

Judge W. H. Steed Thomasville 

Solicitor Roy Hughs Thomasville 

Denton Recorder's Court: 
Judge J. 0. Garner Denton 

Commissioners 

Chairman Wayne Shoaf Lexington 

Commissioner E. C. Hunt Denton 

Commissioner F>ank Smith Lexington 

Commissioner Doc Culloch Lexington 

Commissioner R. W. Zimmerman Thomasville 

DAVIE 

Davie County was formed in 1S30 from Rowan. Was named in honor of William R. Davie, distin- 
guished as a soldier of the Revolution, member of the Federal Convention of 17S7, Governor of North 
Carolina, special Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenijwtentiary to France, "Father of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina." 

Population, 15,420 County Seat, Mocksville 

State Senator 2-lth District CO. Reavis Yadkinville 

Member House of Representatives J. N. Smoot Mocksville 



County Government 545 



Office Officer Address 

Clerk of Court S. H. Chaffin Mooksville 

Rpgisf er of Deeds C. R. Voleer Mocksville 

Sheriff G. A. Tuoker Morksville 

Treasurer Eloise C. Stephens Morksville 

Auditor Eloise C. Stephens Morksville 

Tax Supervisor Eloise C. Stephens Morksville 

Tax Collector Mrs. Kathlyn Reavis Motksville 

County Accountant Eloise C. Stephens Morksville 

Coroner Dr. G. V. Greene Mocksville 

Surveyor S. L. Talbert Advance 

County Health Officer Dr. Fred G. Pegg Mocksville 

Supt. of Schools Curtis Price Mocksville 

Supt. of Puf>lir Welfare Amy Jane Talbert Mocksville 

Home Demonstration Agent Florence Mackie Morksville 

Farm Demonstration Agent Leo F. \yilliams Morksville 

Chairman Board Education J. B. Cain Cana 

( 'hairmari Board Elections G. Aubrey Merrell Mocksville 

District Game & Fish Protector Tom Bailey Woodruff Mosksville 

County Attorney A. T. Grant Mocksville 

County Librarian Blanche Clement Mocksville 

Veterans Service Officer Woodrow Wilson Moc'ksville 

Commissioners 

Chairman R. P. Martin Morksville 

Commissioner J. M, Groce Morksville 

Commissioner C. R. Carter Morksville 

DUPLIN 

Dunlin County was formed in 174!) from New Hanover. Was namrd in honor of George Henry Hay. 
Lord Duplin, an English iioblrman. 

Population, 41,074 County Seat, Kenansville 

State Senators 9th District Henry Vann Clinton 

.1 V. Whitfield Burgaw 

Member House of Representatives Robert M. Carr Wallace 

Clerk of Court R. V. Wells Kenansville 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Christine Williams Kenansville 

Sheriff Ralph Miller Kenansville 

treasurer Ralph Miller Kenansville 

.Auditor F. W. McGowen Kenansville 

Tax Supervisor F. W. McGowen Kenansville 

Tax Collector G. E. Alphin, ,Jr Kenansville 

County Accountant F. W. McGowen Kenansville 

Coroner Gurman Powell Kenansville 

County Health Officer Dr. John F. Powers Wallace 

Supt. of Schools 0. P. Johnson Kenansville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Thelma D. Taylor Warsaw 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Pauline Johnson Kenansville 

Colored Frances W. Corbett Kenansville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White V. H. Reynolds Kenansville 

Colored R- E. Wilkins Kenansville 

Chairman Board Education William D. Herring Rose Hill 

Chairman Board Elections W. E. Craft Kenansville 

District Game & Fish Protector William Ipock Wallace 

Forest Ranger Eugene Wells Rose Hill 

County Attorney Vanre B. Gavin Kenansville 

County Librarian Dorothy Wightman Kenansville 

Veterans Servire Officer Irvin Rivenbark Wallace 



546 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Cipneral County Court: 

Judge H. E. Phillips Kenansville 

Solicitor Grady Mercer Beaulaville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Dallas Jones Magnolia 

Commissioner Emniitt Kelly Mt. Olive 

Commissioner Leon Brown Beaulaville 

Commissioner A. P. Cates Faison 

Commissioner A. C. Hall Wallace 

DURHAM 

Durham County was formed in 1881 from Orange and Wake. Was named after the town of Durham, 
a thriving manufacturing city. 

Population, 101,639 County Seat. Durham 

State Senators 14th District Claude Currie Durham 

F. D. Long Roxl)oro 

Members House of Representatives Oscar G. Barker Durham 

Richard T. Sanders Durham 

Clerk of Court W, H. Young Durham 

Register of Deeds R. G. Brooks Durham 

Sheriff E.G. Belvin Durham 

Treasurer J. Frank Adams Durham 

."Auditor E. S. Swindell. Jr Durham 

Tax Supervisor H. T. Warren Durham 

Tax Collector M. V. Pendergrass Durham 

County Accountant E. S. Swindell, Jr Durham 

Coroner Dr. R. \. Harton Durham 

Surveyor Sidney Credle Durham 

County Health Officer Dr. J. H. Epperson Durham 

Supt. of Schools Charles Chewning Durham 

Supt. of Public Welfare W. E. Stanley Durham 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Margaret U. Holton Durham 

Colored Mrs. E. T. Nixon Durham 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White W. B. Pace Durham 

Colored J. C. Hubbard Durham 

Chairman Board Education Charles E. Jordan Durham 

Chairman Board Elections R. 0. Everett Durham 

Dist. Game & Fish Protector Marvin Ward Durham 

Forest Ranger J. C. Horton Durham 

County Manager E. S. Swindell, Jr Durham 

County Attorney R. P. Reade Durham 

County Librarian Clara M. Crawford Durham 

Veterans Service Officer P. G. Noell Durham 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge A. R. Wilson Durham 

Solicitor W.J. Brogden, Jr Durham 

Juvenile Court: 
Judge E. Lawson Moore Durham 

Commissioners 

Chairman Geo F. Kirkland Durham 

Commissioner S. L. Proctor Durham 

Commissioner D. S. Scarboro Durham 

Commissioner J. Q. Davis Durham 

Commissioner Frank Kenan Durham 



County Government 547 



EDGECOMBE 

Edgecombe County was formed in 1735 from Bertie. Was named in honor of Richard Edgecombe, 
who became Baron Edgecombe in 1742, an English nobleman and a lord of the treasury. 

Population, 51,634 County Seat, Tarboro 

Office Officer Address 

State Senators 4th District W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids 

Cameron S. Weeks Tarboro 

Member House of Representatives Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount 

Clerk of Court W. S. Babcock Tarboro 

Register of Deeds Miss M. B. Buim Tarboro 

Sheriff Tom P. Bardin Tarboro 

Auditor M. L. Laughlin Tarbroo 

Tax Supervisor M . L. Laughlin Tarboro 

Tax Collector R. L. Stancil Tarboro 

County Accountant M. L. Laughlin Tarboro 

Coroner Dr. J. G. Raby Tarboro 

County Health OflScer Dr. W. A. Browne Tarboro 

Supt. of Schools E. D. Johnson Tarboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare ■ Constance F. S. Rabin ■. Tarboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. J. W. Vaidandingham Tarboro 

Colored Mrs. Hazel S. Parker Tarboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White Joe Powell Tarboro 

Colored Harold McNeill Tarboro 

Chairman Board Education Dr. W. W. Green Tarboro 

Chairman Board Elections Robert P. Cherry Tarboro 

District Game & Fish Protector Henry Hilliard, Jr Rt. 2, Tarboro 

Forest Ranger CM. Fisher Tarboro 

County Attorney C. H. Leggett Tarboro 

County Librarian Janie Allsbrook Tarboro 

Veterans Service Officer Lester C. Martin Tarboro 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Herbert H. Taylor, Jr Tarboro 

Solicitor Marshall C. Staton Tarboro 

Commissioners 

Chairman W. C. Hargrove Tarboro 

Commissioner B.C. Mayo Tarboro 

Commissioner Leslie Calhoun Rocky Mount 

Commissioner Robert Lee Dunn Pinctops 

Commissioner Henry N. Davenport Battleboro 

FORSYTH 

Forsyth County was formed in 1849 from Stokes. Was named in honor of Colonel Benjamin Forsyth, 
U. S. A., a citizen of Stokes County, who was killed on the Canadian frontier on June 28, 1814, during 
the second war with Great Britain. 

Population, 146,135 County Seat, Winston-Salem 

State Senator 22nd District Calvin Graves Winston-Salem 

Members House of Representatives F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 

Clarence E. Stone. Jr Belews Creek 

William F. Womble Winston-Salem 

Clerk of Court W. E. Church Winston-Salem 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Eunice Ayers Winston-Salem 

Sheriff Ernie G. Shore Winston-Salem 

Treasurer W. N. Schultz Winston-Salem 

Auditor W. N. Schultz Winston-Salem 

Tax Supervisor Roy M. Hiushaw Winfltoo-Salem 



548 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

Tax Collector . ))>''" A; H'"^^^'' Winston-Salem 

C ounty Accountant W . N. bchultz Winston-Salem 

Coroner Dr. W. N. Dalton Winston-Salem 

Surveyor^ . .^. June Lineback Rt. 4, Winston-Salem 

County Health Officer Dr. Jred (,. Pegg Winston-Salem 

Supt. of Schools _ Ralph F W. Brimley Winston-Salem 

Supt. of Public Welfare A. W . Clme Winston-Salem 

Home Demonstration .\gent 

White Mrs. Elizabeth L. Tuttle Winston-Salem 

Colored Mrs. Lottie Hairston Winston-Salem 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White. S. R Mitchiner Winston-Salem 

Colored \\ . N Kiiight Winston-Salem 

Chairman Board education Uaii L. Drummond Winston-Salem 

Chairman Board Elections Philiii E. Lucas Winston-Salem 

District (lame & Fish Protector Wallace W. Jones ■ ' Winston-Salem 

Forest Ranger Joe S. Hinshaw [[[ Winston-Salem 

County Attorney Nat S. Crews Winston-Salem 

County Librarian Jeannett Trotter Winston-Salem 

Veterans Service Officer L. W. Cox Winston-Salem 

Municipal Court: 

Judge Leroy Sams Winston-Salem 

Solicitor C. F. Burns Winston-Salem 

Commissioners 

Chairman William B. Simpson Winston-Salem 

Commissioner W ally (1. Dunham Winston-Salem 

Commissioner P. Huber Hanes, Jr Winston-Salem 

Commissioner Dr. D. C. Speas Winston-Salem 

Commissioner Burke E. Wilson Winston-Salem 

FRANKLIN 

Franklin County was formed in 1779 from Bute. Was named in honor of Benjamin Franklin. 
Population, 31,341 County Seat, Louisburg 

State Senators 6th District C. Settle Bunn Spring Hope 

Hamilton Hobgood Louisburg 

Member House of Representatives Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 

Clerk of Court Jno. \V. King Louisburg 

Register of Deeds Alex T. W ood Louisburg 

Sheriff C. Willis Perry Louisburg 

Treasurer First Cit. Bank & Trust Co Louisburg 

Auditor Melvin C. Holmes Louisburg 

Tax Supervisor Melvm C. Holmes Louisburg 

Tax Collector Kenneth A. Braswell Louisburg 

County Accountant Melvin C. Holmes Louisburg 

Coroner ■ ■ ■ William W. O'Neal Louisburg 

Surveyor Phil R. Jnscoe Rt. 1 , Castalia 

County Health Officer Dr. S. D, Stallings, Jr Rt. 2, Zebulon 

Supt. of Schools Wiley F. Mitchell Youngsville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Lucy P. Burt Louisburg 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Essa D. Shaw Louisburg 

Colored Margaret Baldwin Louisburg 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White C- T. Dean, Jr Louisburg 

Colored Luther Baldwin Louisburg 

Chairman Board Education Paul W. Elam Louisburg 

Chairman Board Elections Phil R. Inscoe Rt. 1, Castalia 

District Game & Fish Protector Phillip R. Wilson Bunn 



County Government 549 



Office Officer Address 

Forest Ranger Joe A. Pearce Louisburg 

County Attorney Edward F. Griffin Louisburg 

County Librarian Nannie Crowder Henderson 

Veterans Service Officer John E. Rouse Louisburg 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge J- E. Malone Louisburg 

Solicitor Edward F. Griffin Louisburg 

Commissioners 

Chairman N. Howard Griffin Rt. 2, Louisburg 

Commissioner W. P. Long Louisburg 

Commissioner B. \V. Young Rt. 1, YoungsviUe 

Commissioner • Geo. H. Harris Rt. 3, Louisburg 

Commissioner W. H. M. Jenkins Franklin ton 

GASTON 

Gaston County was formed in 1846 from Lincoln. Was named in honor of Judge William Gaston, 
Member of Congress and Justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. From 1846 to 1852 Gaston 
voted with Lincoln and Catawba. 

Population, 110,836 County Seat, Gastonia 

State Senator 26th District R. Grady Rankin Gastonia 

Members House of Representatives ('has. K. Bryant, Sr Gastonia 

David P. Dellinger Cherryville 

Clerk of Court Paul E. Monroe Gastonia 

Register of Deeds Rubye D. Rhyne Gastonia 

Sheriff Hoyle T. Efird Gastonia 

Treasurer J- Abel Ormand Gaston-a 

Auditor C. E. Dent Gastonia 

Ta.x Supervisor C. Fred Shuford Gastonia 

Tax Collector C. Fred Shuford Gastonia 

County Accountant C. E. Dent Gaston'a 

Coroner W'. G. McLean Gaston'a 

County Health Officer Dr. J. T. Ramseur Gastonia 

Supt. of Schools Hunter Huss Gastonia 

Supt. of Public Welfare T. Graham Ponder Gastonia 

Home Demonstration Agent Lucille_ Tatum Gastonia 

Farm Demonstration Agent Paul Kiser Gastonia 

Chairman Board Education M. A. Stroup Cherryvilie 

Chairman Board Elections James Mullen Gastonil 

District Game & Fish Protector Jake D. McLean Bessemer City 

County Attorney Harley B. Gaston Belmont 

County Librarian Mrs. Bruce Heafner Gastonia 

Veterans Service Officer Charlie Hawkins Gastonia 

Recorders' Courts: 
Belmont: 

Judge Wm. A. Mason Belmont 

Solicitor Willis Smith Belmont 

Cherry\'ille: 

Judge Hobson Hendricks Cherryville 

Solicitor D. P. Dellinger Cherryville 

Dallas: 

Judge R. R. Friday Dallas 

Solicitor F. L. Carpenter Dallas 

Gastonia: 

Judge J. T. Sanders Gastonia 

Solicitor 0. F. Mason, Jr Gastonia 

Mt. Holly: 

Judge Tom A. Belk Mt. Holly 

Solicitor F. B. Rankin Mt. Holly 



550 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer ' Address 

Comniissionfrs 

Chairman R. 1^. Stowc Belmont 

Commissioner O.K. Massey Mt. Holly 

Commissioner M. Fred Ormund Bessemer City 

Commissioner W. B. (larrison Gastonia 

Commissioner C. Oricr Beam Cherryvillo 

Commissioner Dan G. Buckner Dallas 

GATES 

Gates Comity was formed in 177.S from Chowan, Perquimans, and Hertford. Was named in honor 
of General Horatio Gates, who eonimanded the American Army at the battle of Saratoga. At this battle 
an entire British .Army was captured but (iencral Gates contributed nothing to that success. It is re- 
garded as one of the most important battles in the history of the world. 

Population, 9.555 County Seat. Gatesville 

State Senators 1st District J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

A. Pilston (iodwin. ,Ir Gatesville 

Member House of Representatives Allen E. Askew Gatesville 

Clerk of Court L. C. Hand Gatesville 

Register of Deeds Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Sheriff L. F. Overman Gatesville 

Treasurer Tarheel Bank & Trust Co Gatesville 

.Auditor Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Tax Supervisor Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Ta.\ Collector L. F. Overman Gatesville 

County Accountant Tazewell D. Eure Gatesville 

Coroner J. L. Wagoner Gatesville 

Surveyor A. C. Hollowell Corapeake 

County Health Officer Dr. James A. I'ields Winton 

Supt. of Schools \V. C. Harrell Gatesville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Mrs. Clarine G. Carter Gatesv-ille 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Mrs. Mary G. Cowi'.er Gatesville 

Colored Mrs. Pennie P. Battle Gatesville 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John W. Artz Gatesville 

Colored H. L. Mitchell Gatesville 

Chairman Board Education S. P. Cross Gatesville 

Chairman Board Elections J. M. .Joliff Gatesville 

District Game & Fish Protector D. E. Barnes Corapeake 

Forest Ranger H. L. Langston Gates 

County Attorney Hubert Eason Gatesville 

County Librarian Mrs. Mildred Woodside Gatesville 

Veterans Service Officer Stephen Alford Elizabeth City 

County Court: 

Judge H. V. Beamon Gatesville 

Solicitor •. Hubert Eason Gatesville 

Commissioners 

Chairman C. H. Carter Hobbsville 

Commissioner W. L. Askew Eure 

Commissioner R. E. Miller Gates 

Commissioner T.J. Stallings Hobbsville 

Commissioner J. E. Gregory Sunbury 



County Government 551 



GRAHAM 

Graham County was formed in 1872 from Cherokee. Was named in honor of Governor William A. 
Graham, United States Senator, Governor of North Carolina, Secretary of the Navy, Confederate States 
Senator. Graham County voted with Cherokee until 1883. 

Population, 6.886 County Seat. Robhinsville 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 33rd District Dr. J. ff . Crawford Robhinsville 

MemJaer House of Representatives Wayne Adams Robhinsville 

Clerk of Court Arvil H. Webster Robhinsville 

Register of Deeds Edna Jones Scroggs Robbinsville 

Sheriff J. B. Crisp Robbinsville 

Treasurer Citizen Bank & Trust Co Robbinsville 

Ta.\ Supervisor J. F. Hyde Robbinsville 

Ta.x Collector C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

County Accountant C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

Coroner Sam Sharp Robbinsville 

Surveyor R. 0. Sherrill Yellow Creek 

Supt. of Schools F. S. Griffin Robbinsville 

Supt. of Public Welfare Lura S. Bales Robbinsville 

Home Demons' ration Agent Nellie Joe Carter Robbinsville 

Farm Demonstration Agent William H. Flake Robbinsville 

Chairman Board Education Bruce Ayers Robbinsville 

Chairman Board Elections W. W. Jenkins Robbinsville 

District Game & Fish Protector Charlie Garland Robbinsville 

Forest Ranger Wayne Ayers Robbinsville 

County Attorney R. B. Morphew Robbinsville 

County Librarian Mrs. Rose Siler Robbinsville 

Veterans Service Officer Mrs. Gladys H. Jordon Robbinsville 

Commissioners 

Chairman Frank J. Howell Robbinsville 

Commissioner Roy Sherrill Yellow Creek 

Commissioner Tonnie Ayers Tapoco 

GRANVILLE 

Granville County was formed in 1746 from Edgecombe. Was named in honor of John Carteret, 
Earl Granville, who owned the Granville District. He was Prime Minister under King George IL and a 
very brilliant man. 

Population, 31,793 County Seat. Oxford 

State Senators 14th District Claude Currie Durham 

F. D Long Ro.xboro 

Member House of Representatives Thomas W. Allen Creedmoor 

Clerk of Court A. W. Graham. Jr Oxford 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Flora 0. Mann Oxford 

Sheriff Rov D. Jones Oxford 

Auditor W.J. tt'ebb Oxford 

Tax Supervisor W. J. Webb Oxford 

Tax Collector Rov D. Jones Oxford 

County Accountant W. J. Webb Oxford 

Coroner F. Earl Hunt Oxford 

County Health Officer Dr. D. R. Chadwick Oxford 

Supt. of Schools D. N. Hix Oxford 

Supt. of Public Welfare J. R. Raper Oxford 

Home Demonstration Agent ^ c j 

White Mrs. G. P. Wilkinson. Jr Oxford 

Colored Mary Parham Powell Rt. 3, Oxford 

Farm Demonstration Agent „ , . 

White C. V. Morgan ^ ■ ■ . 9,*i°"\ 

Colored J. R. Redding Rt. 2, Oxford 



552 North Carolina Manual 



Office Officer Address 

('hairman Board Education Dr. R. L. Nobliii Oxford 

(Chairman Hoard Elections John N. Watkins, Jr Oxford 

District Game & Ush Protector Norman Rosebrook Oxford 

Forest Ranger D. (\ Critcher Rt. 3, Oxford 

County Attorney T. (I. Stem Oxford 

County Librarian Mrs. Edith F. Cannady Oxford 

Veterans Service Officer T. G. Stem, Jr Oxford 

Recorder's Court: 

Judge Joe E. Bouldin Oxford 

Solicitor Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Commissioners 

Chairman A. IL A. Williams Oxford 

Commissioner George D. Morton Oxford 

Commissioner W. W. Whitfield Creedmoor 

Commissioner W. W. Yeargin Rt. 5, Oxford 

Commissioner W. D. Gooch Rt. 1, Franklinton 

GREENE 

Greene County was formed in 1799 from (ilasgow. Was named in honor of General Nathaniel Greene, 
Washington's "right-hand-maii." Next to Washington ( leneral ' ireene is regarded as the greatest soldier 
of the Revolution. He fought the battle of Guilford Courthouse and saved North Carolina from the 
British. 

Population, 18,024 County Seat, Snow Hill 

State Senators 7th District Carl T. Hicks Walstonburg 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Member House of Representatives A. C. Edwards Hookerton 

Clerk of Court J. E. Mewborn Snow Hill 

Register of Deeds Mrs. Lula Heath Snow Hill 

Sheriff H. K. Cobb Snow Hill 

Treasurer B. S. Albritton Snow Hill 

Auditor Geo. W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Tax Supervisor Geo. W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Tax Collector W. R. Lane Snow Hill 

County Accountant Geo. W. Edwards Snow Hill 

County Health Officer Dr. S. B. McPheeters Snow Hill 

Supt. of Schools B. L. Davis Snow Hill 

Supt. of Public Welfare Rachel Payne Sugg Snow Hill 

Home Demonstration Agent Mrs. Elizabeth W. Jones Snow Hill 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White John Grant Snow Hill 

Colored A. L. Jones Snow Hill 

Chairman Board Education R. L. Hart Snow Hill 

Chairman Board Elections H. Maynard Hicks Snow Hill 

District Game & Fish Protector Melvin Hill Snow Hill 

Forest Ranger J. C. Joyner Snow Hill 

County Attorney Walter G. Sheppard Snow Hill 

County Librarian Betty Freeman Snow Hill 

Veterans Service Officer Walter G. Sheppard Snow Hill 

County Court: 

Judge Walter G. Sheppard Snow Hill 

Solicitor I. J. Horton Snow Hill 

Commissioners 

Chairman W, B. Gay Walstonburg 

Commissioner L. F. Herring Snow Hill 

Commissioner E. E. Butts Hookerton 

Commissioner W. D. Corbett Snow Hill 

Commissioner E. L. Jones Walstonburg 



County Government 553 



GUILFORD 

Guilford County was formed in 1770 from Rowan and Orange. Was named in honor of Francis 
North, Earl of Guilford, an English nobleman. He was the father of Lord North, who was Prime Min- 
ister under King George III during the Revolution. Lord North afterwards succeeded his father as Earl 
of Guilford. 

Population, 191,057 County Seat, Greensboro 

Office Officer Address 

State Senator 17th District 0. Arthur Kirkman High Point 

Members House Representatives Walter E. Crissman High Point 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 

Clyde A. Shreve Summerfield 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 

Clerk of Court J. P. Shore Greensboro 

Register of Deeds John H. McAdoo Greensboro 

Sheriff John E. Walters Greensboro 

Treasurer I. H. Black Greensboro 

Auditor John T. Harrington Greensboro 

Tax Supervisor W. F. Hester (5reensboro 

Tax Collector W. F. Hester Greensboro 

County Accountant Hugh L. Ross Greensboro 

Coroner W. W. Harvey Greensboro 

Surveyor Ralph D. Stout Greensboro 

County Health Officer E. D. Idol Greensboro 

Supt. of Schools Dr. E. H. Ellinwood Greensboro 

Supt. of Public Welfare M. L. Thompson Greensboro 

Home Demonstration Agent 

White Ruby H. Uzzle Greensboro 

Colored Mrs. Rosa T. Winchester Greensboro 

Farm Demonstration Agent 

White J. I. Wagoner Greensboro 

Colored B. A. Hall Greensboro 

Chairman Board Elections George C. Hampton, Jr Greensboro 

District Game & Fish Protector John K. Davis Guilford College 

Forest Ranger John F. Spivey Greensboro 

County Manager J. Harry Weatherly Greensboro 

County Attorney T. C. Hoyle, Sr Greensboro 

County Librarian Olivia B. Burwell Greensboro 

Veterans Service Officer A. M. Cumbie Greensboro 

Greensboro Municipal-County Court: 

Judge Criminal Division E. Earle Rives Greensboro 

Jud^e Civil Division Tim G. Warner Greensboro 

Solicitor E. D. Kuykendall Greensboro 

Commissione