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Full text of "North Carolina manual [serial]"

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Till' LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 



THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 



C917.05 

N87m 
1957 
C.2 



This book must not 
be token from the 
Library building. 






NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1957 




Issued by 

Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 

Raleigh 



1957 



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1958 



FEBRUARY 

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MARCH 

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TO THE 

1957 MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 



TO THE 

STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND TOWN OFFICIALS 



AND TO THE 

PEOPLE OF THE OLD NORTH STATE 
AT HOME AND ABROAD 



THIS MANUAL IS RESPECTFULLY 
DEDICATED 




Secretary of State 



Printed by 

WINSTON PRINTING COMPANY 

Winston-Salem, N. C, U. S. A. 



CONTENTS 

PART I 

HISTORICAL 

Page 

The State 3 

The State Capitol 15 

Chief Executive of North Carolina 

Governors of Virginia 18 

Executives under the Proprietors 18 

Governors under the Crown 19 

I Governors Elected by the Legislature 19 

Governors Elected by the People 21 

List of Lieutenant Governors 23 

The State Flag 25 

The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence 26 

The Great Seal of North Carolina 28 

The State Bird 31 

The Halifax Resolution 32 

Name of State and Nicknames 33 

The State Motto 33 

The State Colors 34 

The State Flower 34 

The State's Most Famous Toast 34 

Legal Holidays in North Carolina 35 

Population of the State since 1675 36 

State Song 37 

The Constitution of North Carolina 39 

The American's Creed 79 

The American Flag 

Origin 79 

Proper Display 81 

Pledge to the Flag 85 

The National Capitol 87 

Declaration of Independence 90 

Constitution of the United States 95 

PART II 

CENSUS 

Seventeenth Census, 1950 

Population of State 119 

Population of Counties 120 

Population of Cities and Towns 

Incorporated places of 10,000 or more 120 

Incorporated places of 2,500 to 10,000 121 

>• Incorporated places of 1,000 to 2,500 121 

W5 Incorporated places of less than 1,000 123 

jy,^ Estimated Population of United States, 1956 127 



\ I NoKTU Car(»lina Manual 

PART III 

rOLlTK AL 

Page 

Coiinrt'ssioiial Districts 131 

.Iu(iic-ial Districts 131 

Senatorial Districts and Apportionment of Senators 133 

ApiJortiomncnt of Members of the House of Representatives . . 137 

State Democratic Platform 138 

Plan of Or^ranization of the State Democratic Party 159 

Committees of the Democratic Party 

State Democratic Executive Committee 172 

Congressional District Executive Committees 176 

Judicial District Executive Committees 180 

Senatorial District Executive Committees 185 

State Democratic Solicitorial District 

Executive Committees 188 

Chairman of the County Executive Committees 192 

County Vice-Chairmen 194 

State Republican Platform 196 

Plan of Organization of the State Republican Party 201 

Committees of the Republican Party 

State Republican Executive Committee 209 

Congressional, Judicial and Senatorial 

District Committees 212 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 212 

PART IV 

ELECTION RETURNS 

Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States, 1956 . . 215 

Popular Vote for President bv States, 1940-1952 216 

Vote for President by Counties, 1936-1956 218 

Vote for Governor by Counties, Primaries, 1956 221 

Vote for Governor by Counties, General Elections, 1936-1956 . . 223 

Vote for State Officials, Democratic Primaries, 1948-1954 226 

Vote for State Officials bv Counties, Primary, 1956 228 

Total Votes Cast— General Election, 1954-1956 232 

Vote for Governor in Democratic Primaries, 1932-1956 234 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primaries, 1956 235 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1942-1956 237 

Vote for United States Senators in Primaries, 1942-1954 249 

Vote for United States Senators in 

General Elections, 1942-1954 250 

Vote for United States Senators, Democratic Primary, 1956 . . 251 

Vote for United States Senators, General Election, 1956 .... 252 

Vote on Constitutional Amendments by Counties, 1956 255 

Vote on Prohibition, 1881^ 1908, 1933 259 



Contents VII 

PART V 
GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

Page 

Agencies, Boards and Commissions 263 

North Carolina Institutions 
Correctional 

White 292 

Negro 292 

Educational 

White 293 

Negro 301 

Hospitals 

White 304 

Negro 307 

Confederate Woman's Home 308 

Examining Boards 309 

State Owned Railroads 317 

PART VI 

LEGISLATIVE 

The General Assembly 

Senate 

Officers 321 

Senators (Arranged Alphabetically) 321 

Senators (Arranged by Districts) 322 

Rules 323 

Standing Committees 339 

Seat Assignments 345 

House of Representatives 

Officers 346 

Members (Arranged Alphabetically) 346 

Members (Arranged bv Counties) 348 

Rules .' 350 

Standing Committees 366 

Seat Assignments 380 

PART VII 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Eixecutive Officials 385 

Administrative Officials 394 

United States Senators : 425 

Representatives in Congress 428 

Justices of the Supreme Court 438 

Members of the General Assembly 

• Senators . ; . . . .■■... . . : : 445 

Representatives 479 

Occupational and Professional Classification 542 



VIII North Carolina Manual 

I'ART VIII 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 

Page 

United States Government 

President and Vice-President 549 

Cabinet Members 549 

North Carolina Senators and Representatives in Congress 549 

United States Supreme Court Justices 549 

United States District Court 

Judges 549 

Clerks 549 

District Attorneys 549 

United States Circuit Court of Appeals 

Judge Fourth District 549 

Governors of the States and Territories 550 

State Government 

Legislative Department 551 

Executive Department 551 

Judicial Department 551 

Administrative Department 552 

State Institutions 553 

Heads of Agencies other than State 554 

County Government 555 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

State Capitol 16 

State Flag 24 

State Seal 29 

State Bird 30 

State Song (Words and Music) 37 

Map of North Carolina 76 

The American Flag 78 

Map Showing Congressional Districts 134, 135 

Map Showing Senatorial Districts 198, 199 

Seating Diagram of Senate Chamber 344 

Seating Diagram of House of Representatives 381 

Pictures 

Governor 384 

State Officers 389 

Senators and Congressmen 424, 432 

Justices of the Supreme Court 437 

State Senators 444, 455, 466 

Members of the House of Representatives 

478, 487, 496, 506, 514, 524, 534 



PART I 
HISTORICAL 



THE STATE 

North Carolina, often called the "Tar Heel" state, was the scene 
of the first attempt to colonize America by English-speaking peo- 
ple. Under a chai'ter granted to Sir Walter Raleigh by Queen 
Elizabeth, a colony was begun in the 1580's on Roanoke Island. 
This settlement, however, was unsuccessful and later became 
known as "The Lost Colony." 

The first permanent settlement was made about 1650 by immi- 
grants from Virginia. In 1663 Charles II granted to eight Lords 
Proprietors a charter for the territory lying "within six and 
thirty degrees of the northern latitude, and to the west as far as 
the south seas, and so southerly as far as the river St. Mattias, 
which bordereth upon the coast of Florida, and within one and 
thirty degrees of northern latitude, and so west in a direct line as 
far as the south seas aforesaid; . . ." and the colony was called 
Carolina. In 1665 another charter was granted to these noble- 
men. This charter extended the limits of Carolina so that the 
northern line was 36 degrees and 30 minutes north latitude, and 
the southern line was 29 degrees north latitude, and both of these 
lines extended westward to the South Seas. 

In 1669 John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions as a 
model for the government of Carolina. The Lords Proprietors 
adopted these constitutions and directed the governor to put into 
operation as much of them as was feasible. In 1670 there were 
four precincts (changed to counties in 1739) ; Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans, Chowan, and Currituck. North Carolina now has one 
hundred counties. 

Garel'ina on December 7, 1710, was divided into North Carolina 
and South Carolina, and Edward Hyde, on May 12, 1712, became 
the first governor of North Carolina. 

In 1729 seven of the eight Lords Proprietors sold their interest 
in Carolina to the Crown and North Carolina became a royal 
colony. George Burrington was the first royal governor. Richard 
Everard, the last proprietary governor, served until Burrington 
was appointed. 

North Carolina, on April 12, 1776, authorized her delegates in 
the Continental Congress to vote for independence, and on Decem- 
ber 18, 1776, adopted a constitution. Richard Caswell became the 



4 North Carolina Manual 

first governor under this constitution. On November 21, 1789, the 
state adopted the United States Constitution, being the twelfth 
state to enter the Federal Union. North Carolina, in 1788, had 
rejected the Constitution on the grounds that certain amendments 
were vital and necessary to a free people. 

A Constitutional convention was held in 1835 and among several 
changes made in the Constitution was the method of electing the 
governor. After this change the governor was elected by the peo- 
ple for a term of two years instead of being elected by the Legis- 
lature for a term of one year. Edward Bishop Dudley was the 
first governor elected by the people. 

North Carolina seceded from the Union May 20, 1861, and was 
readmitted to the Union in July, 1868. 

A new State Constitution was adopted in 1868 and since that 
date the governor has been elected by the people for four-year 
terms and he cannot succeed himself. There has not been a new 
constitution since 1868, but numerous amendments have been 
added to it. 

North Carolina has had a democratic administration since 1900, 
during which period it has made its greatest progress. 

North Carolina has had two permanent capitals — New Bern and 
Raleigh — and there have been three capitol buildings. Tryon's 
Palace in New Bern was constructed in the period, 1767-1770, and 
the main building was destroyed by fire February 27, 1798. The 
first capitol in Raleigh was completed in 1794 and was destroyed 
by fire on June 21, 1831. The present capitol was completed in 1840. 

The state in 1790 ceded her western lands, which was composed 
of Washington, Davidson, Hawkins, Greene, Sullivan, Sumner, 
and Tennessee counties, to the Federal government, and between 
1790 and 1796 the territory was known as Tennessee Territory, 
but in 1796 it became the fifteenth state in the Union. 

In 1738, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed an act 
authorizing the establishment of district courts which served as 
appelant courts. These courts were authorized to be held in Bath, 
New Bern, and New Town — now Wilmington. In 1746, the Gen- 
eral Assembly repealed the act of 1738 and established district 
courts to be held at Edenton, Wilmington, and Edgecombe. From 
1754 until 1790, other districts were formed as the state expanded 
in territory and developed needs for these districts. By 1790, there 



The State 5 

were eight judicial districts divided into two ridings of four dis- 
tricts each. In 1806, the General Assembly passed an act estab- 
lishing a superior court in each county. The act also set up judi- 
cial districts composed of certain contiguous counties, and this 
practice of expanding the districts has continued from five dis- 
tricts in 1806 until now there are thirty districts. 

When North Carolina adopted the Federal Constitution on 
November 21, 1789, she was authorized to send two senators and 
five representatives to the Congress of the United States accord- 
ing to the constitutional apportionment. In 1792, when the first 
federal census had been completed and tabulated, it was found 
that North Carolina was entitled to ten representatives. It was 
then that the General Assembly divided the state into ten congres- 
sional districts. In 1812, the state had grown and increased in 
population until it was entitled to thirteen representatives in Con- 
gress. Between 1812 and 1865, however, the population decreased 
so much in proportion to the population of the other states of the 
Union that North Carolina was by that time entitled only to 
seven representatives. Since 1865 the population of the state has 
shown a slow but steady increase, and now there are twelve con- 
gressional districts. The state, therefore, has two senators and 
twelve representatives in the Congress of the United States. 

Agriculture 

North Carolina is one of the leading agricultural states of the 
Nation, with the largest farm population of any of the 48 states. 
Although acreages planted to many of the crops have been trend- 
ing downward due primarily to smaller acreage allotments, farmers 
in the state are generally producing more efficiently than in earlier 
years, with the result that total agricultural income has continued 
to increase. 

In 1955, the most recent year for which complete agricultural 
income statistics are available, cash receipts from farm operations 
in North Carolina totaled $942,757,000. This is the second largest 
total cash income from agriculture in North Carolina, having been 
exceeded only in 1951 when the total reached about $962 million. 
In 1955 North Carolina ranked tenth among the states of the 
Nation in total cash income, while Texas was the only Southern 
state in which the value of the agricultural output exceeded that 
of North Carolina. 



6 North Carolina Manual 

Cash receipts from crops in 1955 amounted to $712,502,000, 
IcadiiiK- all states of the Nation except Texas and California. 
Income from livestock and livestock products amounted to $222,- 
Dfi.S.OOd. Ill iiddition. North Carolina farmers received government 
imymeiits of $7,2!I2,000 for conservation practices. 

As is jrenerally the case, tobacco counted for more than one-half 
the total cash income to Noi-th Carolina farmers in 1955. Cash 
receipts of about $534 million for this crop is 56.6 percent of the 
total ajri'icuitural income and abcut three-fourths of total income 
from field crops. Poultry and poultry products accounted for 
$99,024,000 or 10.5 percent of the total, cattle and calves and 
dairy products $81,182,000 or 8.6 percent of the total, and cotton 
and cottonseed $58,488,000 or 6.2 percent. 

Farm income statistics are not now available for all of 1956, 
but for the first nine months of the year cash receipts from 
marketings of agricultural products amounted to $523,017,000— 
about 4 percent below the $540,779,000 total for a comparable 
period in 1955. Receipts from sales of livestock and livestock 
products during the first nine months of 1956 were running about 
4 percent above receipts for the comparable period in 1955, while 
receipts from sales of crops were running 6 percent below. Much 
of the loss in receipts from sales of crops through September of 
1956 results from a slightly smaller poundage of tobacco harvested 
during 1956 as compared with 1955. 

With respect to the 1956 crop season, it is significant to note 
that unusually good yields per acre were realized from most of 
the crops harvested in the state. Several all-time records were 
broken both in per-acre yield and in total production. 

The harvested yield of flue-cured tcbacco averaged 1,641 pounds, 
exceeding by 142 pounds the previous record of 1,499 pounds 
harvested in 1955. Despite a reduction in acreage for harvest 
of about 11 percent from the preceding year, the 952 million 
pounds of flue-cured tobacco harvested in 1956 was only 2.8 per- 
cent short of the previous record high of 979 million harvested in 
1955. 

The 1956 corn yield of 41.0 bushels per acre was 7 bushels 
above the previous record of 34.0 bushels harvested in 1955. 
Total production of 80.7 million bushels was 9 percent above the 
previous record crop harvested back in 1950. During each of ■ the 



The State 7 

intervening years between 1950 and 1956 the State's corn crop had 
been adversely affected to varying- degrees by excessive drought 
and by hurricane damage. 

Per-acre yields of wheat, oats, rye, and barley all established 
new records during 1956. The average of 25.5 bushels per acre of 
wheat was 2-% bushels above the previous record of 23.0 bushels 
produced in 1951. Oats yielded 40 bushels compared with 36 the 
previous record, barley 37.0 compared with 34.5, and rye 15.5 
compared with 14.5. Total production of each of these crops except 
rye also established new records. 

Acreages of soybeans continued to trend upward, and the 416 
thousand acres harvested in 1956 was well above any other year 
of record as was the 21.5 bushels per acre realized from this 
crop. Total harvested production of 8,944,000 bushels of soybeans 
in 1956 exceeded by 70 percent the previous record of 5,253,000 
bushels harvested in 1951. 

Marketing quotas have held cotton average to a low level in 
recent years, so that the 440 thousand acres harvested in 1956 
was the smallest since 1869. 

Although record cotton yields were not realized in 1956, the 
average of 393 pounds of lint harvested per acre was 72 pounds 
above the 10-year 1945-54 average. 

North Carolina's peanut crop yielded an estimated 1,550 pounds 
per acre with total production calculated at 306,900,000 pounds. 
This is almost 50 percent above the 1955 harvest of 204,250,000 
pounds. Production of potatoes, sweet potatoes, hay, and cowpeas 
— all fell just slightly below totals harvested in 1955. 

There were 1,600,000 bushels of commercial apples produced in 
North Carolina during 1956, compared with the 10-year 1945-54 
average of 1,239,000 bushels. Production of peaches at 950 thou- 
sand bushels compared with an average production of 1,559,000 
bushels, while pecan production totaled 2,775,000 pounds compared 
with 2,254,000 pounds, the average. 

Commercial vegetables produced in North Carolina for fresh 
market during 1956 were valued at $11,503,000, approximately 
$2 million above the $9,529,000 evaluation placed on 1955 pro- 
duction. 

In production of livestock products, several new records were 
established in 1949. The total of 94,087,000 broilers produced in 
the State during 1956 exceeds the previous record of 72,936,000 



8 North Carolina Manual 

pro<iuct'(i in litfio by 29 percent. Production of milk has continued 
to trend upward, aii<i the 1,741 million pounds produced during 
1956 compares with the previous record of 1,683 million pounds 
produced in 1955. E^fX production, likewise, continued its upward 
trend, with an estimated total of 1,672 million eggs for 1956, 
comparing with the previous record of 1,469 million produced in 
1955. 

The jihenomenal increases in pre-acre yields for many crops 
realized in 1956 reflect improvement in cultural practices which 
have been under way for several years, breeding of higher yield- 
ing varieties of seed, and generally favorable climatic conditions. 
For a number of years prior to 1956 North Carolina farmers 
had not realized their full potentials from crop production due 
to unfavorable climatic conditions. The increase in production 
of livestock products also represents a continuation of the up- 
ward trend which has been under way for several years, and 
reflects better feeding and breeding practices in connection with 
the livestock industry. 

Conservation and Development 

Notable progress continues to be made in the conservation, 
development, and promotion of the wiser use of North Carolina's 
natural resources. More profitable use of these vast natural re- 
sources are paying dividends, but their greatest potential is yet 
to be reached. 

Constant efforts are being made to bring about a better balance 
between agriculture and industry. More industrial payrolls of a 
year-around nature are constantly being sought by local develop- 
ment and area groups working with the Department of Conserva- 
tion and Development. Industrial expansion is being pushed on 
a statewide front. 

While it has long been noted for its leadership in the pro- 
duction of textile, tobacco, and furniture products, North Caro- 
lina is becoming more and more known for the numerous diversi- 
fied goods its 7,500 manufacturing plants annually produce with 
their approximately 470,000 employees for the markets of the 
nation and the world. 

In sales volume, textiles, tobacco, furniture, food, electronic 
products, and chemicals are highest. 



The State 



9 



Indicating a growing trend in the manufacture of diversified 
products, the electrical and electronics industry is the newest and 
fastest growing in North Carolina. Since 1939, when there were 
only 3 small electronic plants in the State with about 60 workers, 
the number had grown to more than 40 in 1956 with more 
than 22,000 workers. Products they produced were valued at 
$162,000,000. 

The approximately 470,000 workers employed in the State's 
7,500 manufacturing plants produced goods in 1955 that had a 
value of $6,482,000,000. Their adaptability, productivity, and will- 
ingness to give an honest day's work for a day's pay and the 
unusually good relations between management and worker have 
drawn praise on numerous occasions from out-of-State industrial- 
ists locating plants in North Carolina. 

A total of $1,852,000,000 was paid in salaries and wages to 
North Carolina's industrial workers in 1955. 

The textile industry has about 1,100 plants in the State. In 
1955 some 230,000 persons were employed. They produced textile 
products valued at $2,675,000,000 and their total payroll amounted 
to $800,000,000. 

The State's textile industry, tops in the nation, is gradually 
becoming more and more diversified within itself. In addition to 
cotton products, it is now producing a wide variety of synthetic 
and woolen textiles. 

More than 44 percent of America's hosiery is produced in the 
State. 

To illustrate how North Carolina has progressed industrially, 
the following table^ of the leading classifications is shown below: 





1939 


1953 


1954 


1955 


Textiles 


1 549,700,000 

538,400,000 

69,200,000 

58,800,000 

45,800,000 


$ 2,819,000,000 
1,661,000,000 
496,000,000 
332,000,000 
271,000,000 
162,000,000 
197,000,000 
125,000,000 
194,000,000 
18,000,000 
324,000,000 


1 2,430,000,000 
l,5SO,00O,OO0 
590,000,000 
295,000,000 
254,000,000 
148,000,000 
192,000.000 
128,O(JO,00O 
192,000,000 
15,000,000 
297,000,000 


% 2,675,000,000 


Tobacco _ 


1,623,000,000 


Food - 


439,000,000 


Furniture 


.326,000,000 


Lumber 


262,000,000 


Elec. Machinery 


192,000,000 


Chemicals^ 


50,700,000 
19,000,000 
26,000,000 
1,000,000 
62,700,000 


191,000,000 


Apparel. 


176,000,000 


Paper Pulp 


175,000,000 


Rubber...., 

Others 


53,000,000 
370,000,000 






Total 


$ 1,421,300,000 
270,210 


S 6,599,000,000 
464,000 


$ 6,121,000,000 
441,000 


$ 6,482,000,000 


Employees 


470,000 







'Source — Blue Book of Southern Progress. 
'Syntbetio yarns and fabrics included under Textiles. 



10 North Carolina Manual 

Other t'xamples of North Carolina's growinj? industrial diversi- 
fu'ation are seen in the current manufacture of boilers and other 
metal products, cigarette paper, cellophane, electric equipment, 
automatic tyiiewriters, aluminum windows and jalousies, electric 
blankets, smoking pipes, wooden screws, firearms, pottery, particle 
boards, tish nets, silverware, and a wide variety of lesser known 
items. 

The State's approximately 100 tobacco manufacturing plants 
produce more tobacco products than all other states combined. 
These plants in 1955 employed 37,000 workers and paid them 
!P241,000.000 foi- jiroducts they produced aJid which had a value of 
$1,023,000,000. 

North Carolina's approximately 500 furniture plants employed 
36,000 persons in 1955, paid them $127,000,000 for work they did, 
and the employees turned out products having an overall value of 
$326. 000, 000. This State is the nation's largest producer of house- 
holfi furniture. 

About 64 percent of the State's total land area of 49,097 square 
miles is in woodlands. Its total area comprises 52,712 square miles, 
making it 27th in the U. S. 

Products manufactui'ed from the State's forests in 1955 had a 
combined value of $763,000,000. In 1955 it had approximately 2,700 
lumber mills. 

Tourists are finding North Carolina more and more attractive. 
The State's large number of scenic attractions, plus a systematic 
and effective advertising campaign, bring hundreds of thousands 
of visitors into its midst. The tourist industry is currently valued 
at $350,000,000 annually. In addition the State has 10 public parks 
and numerous historical sites that also attract growing numbers 
of people. 

Commercial fisheries currently provide a livelihood in whole 
or in part of about 25,000 persons along the State's coast. Value 
of the State's commercial fisheries to fishermen during the 1954- 
56 biennium was $13,296,363. 

Also growing in value and use is the State's mineral industry. 
Development in this field is progressing. The State contains almost 
93 percent of the total known reserves of lithium in the nation. 
Systematic studies, including a geologic map now nearing com- 



The State 11 

pletion and being: the first such map made since 1875, are carried 
on in addition to detailed surveying, mapping and evaluating of 
mineral deposits. 

With increased emphasis being placed on water conservation 
and use, systematic studies are carried on of surface and under- 
ground water supplies. Constant chemical analyses are made to 
inform and assist industrialists in proper location of plant sites 
and to assure healthy supplies for domestic use. 

Health 

The services of public health now are available to those living 
in every one of North Carolina's 100 counties. This goal was not 
easily accomplished, but the progress of extending all the services 
CI public health to the local level has been steady, even if slow 
at times. 

During the past few years, public health in North Carolina 
has been made more democratic ; that is, its administration has 
been given into the hands of local officials. Of course, the general 
pattern is the same throughout the State, but local health de- 
partments now administer their affairs to meet their peculiar 
needs, with no interference from a highly centralized state depart- 
ment in Raleigh. 

The year 1949 was destined to become a turning point in the 
public health program in North Carolina. The Legislature of 
that year did more for Public Health than any of its predecessors. 
There was a spirit of close cooperation between public health 
officials, the Governor and members of the General Assembly. As 
an outcome of this, approximately $890,000 in new money was 
voted for each fiscal year of the new biennium for local health 
woi-k, which had only been receiving $350,000 a year. This meant 
an increase to $1,150,000 in State funds. 

Effective February 1, 1950, the State Health Department be- 
came streamlined, the number of divisions being reduced from 
14 to 6, exclusive of central administration. While it is neces- 
sary for a central public health department to be maintained 
with offices in Raleigh, at the saine time it is realized that, to be 
thoroughly effective, the services of public health must be avail- 
able, through local administrations, to the inhabitants of every 



12 North Carolina Manual 

home in North Carolina. In other words, public health is as close 
to every citizen of this State as his or her nearest local health 
officer. 

While there were various laws and statutes relating to public 
health measures passed prior to that time, the State Board of 
Health was created by the General Assembly of 1877, and has 
been functioninKS with changes from time to time, ever since. 
Guilford has the distinction of being the first county in the United 
States to inaugurate full time county health work. That was in 
1011. The following year, Robeson became the first purely rural 
county in the United States to take this step. 

State Highway Systems 

On January 1, 1956, the State had under its direct jurisdiction 
09,592 miles of highways, roads and streets, a distance equivalent 
to two and one half times around the world at the equator. This 
vast mileage is almost 11 per cent of the gross length of all mile- 
age under State control in the entire Nation. The three basic 
systems in this North Carolina network are as follows: 

The Primary State Highxvay System, in rural areas is made up 
of the U. S. and N. C. numbered routes, and has a length of 
10,968 miles, substantially all hard surfaced. The largest of the 
three systems is the Rural Secondary System of 56,053 miles, of 
which 22,074 miles are paved — the remainder being surfaced with 
stone, soil or other all weather material. There is more rural 
paving in North Carolina than in any other state except Texas, 
California, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York. Some 96% of the 
State's rural people live on, or within one mile of a paved highway 
or road. 

In addition to these two rural systems, the State has juris- 
diction over 2,571 miles of streets which form a part of the State 
Highway and Road Systems in Municipalities. Of this Municipal 
System, 2,236 miles are paved. 

Combining the three systems, the State operates a network of 
35,154 miles of paved and 34,438 miles of unpaved highways, roads 
and streets. The State has direct jurisdiction over more mileage 
than has any other road governing body in the nation. In terms 
of size and population, no other state exceeds North Carolina in 
the extent of road services provided for its people. There are no 
toll roads in North Carolina. 



The State 13 

Major emphasis is now being' placed on modernizing many 
obsolete sections of the Primary System, and building the Inter- 
state Expressway System. Some 150 miles of the latter have 
already been built, and this program is being more than doubled 
in rate of construction. 

Since 1921, the entire Road and Highway Program of the State 
has been financed exclusively from the gasoline tax, motor vehicle 
license fees and Federal Aid, without recourse to property tax- 
ation or aid from the General State Fund. During the past fiscal 
year, the State Highway Fund expended $134,604,747 for highway, 
road, and street construction, maintenance, betterments and im- 
provements, including the operation of the Motor Vehicle Depart- 
ment, Highway Patrol, Highway Safety Division, several other 
state agencies, and the retirement of Secondary Road Bonds. 

Rural Electric and Telephone Service 

Rural areas of North Carolina received little benefits from 
rural electrification prior to 1935, which is often spoken of as 
the starting: point. At that time, only 1,884 miles of rural lines 
serving 11,558 farms were recorded by the North Carolina Rural 
Electrification Authority, which was created in that year to secure 
electric service for the rural areas. Today the Authority reports 
in operation 80,284.78 miles of rural lines serving 569,495 con- 
sumers. In addition to this, there were 217.32 miles under con- 
struction or authorized for construction to serve 962 consumers. 
Electrification has contributed considerably to the great progress 
in agricultural development over the past few years. The electrified 
farm provides for comfort and health in farm living through 
lighting, refrigeration, ranges, washing machines, fi-eezers, plumb- 
ing' and all the other many useful household electric appliances. 
Electricity is essential to modern farm production. Farmers have 
motors for universal use — yard and building lighting, running 
water, poultry incubators, brooders for chickens, pigs and stock, 
milking, grain and hay driers, irrigation, and many other useful 
pieces of farm producing equipment. Electricity affords fire pro- 
tection and the operation of the many labor saving devices for 
the rural home and farm activities. Electric service is absolutely 
essential, for example, for a farm to qualify as a grade A dairy. 



14 North Carolina Manual 

The 1045 United States Census indicated that only 14,539 
North Carolina farms had telephone service. The desire and need 
in the rural areas for communication, so essential to the well- 
liein^ <>t" the peoi)le was so widespread that the 1945 General 
Assembly enacted the Rural Telephone Act, chai'^iiiK the North 
Carolina Rural Electrification Authority with the responsibility of 
assisting rural residences in securing- telephone service. Funds 
and personnel were first assigned to the program in 1949, which 
might well be termed the active beginning. Through the activities 
of the State Authority and other State Agencies and as a result 
of cooperation on the part of the telephone industry and the or- 
ganization of a number of member owned Telephone Membership 
Corporations over three times as many farms now have telephone 
service as in 1945. In addition, approximately 132,000 rural non- 
farm residences also have service. 

Public Schools 

North Carolina pi'ovides a basic, state-supported nine months 
public school term. Sixty-four of the 174 units supplement this 
locally. Public school enrollment in 1955-56 was 1,023,747. There 
were 33,428 teachers and 1,897 principals and supervisors and 
174 superintendents. More than two-thirds of all general fund 
taxes collected by the State are used for education. The State 
operates a bus fleet of 7,498 vehicles, transporting 487,711 children 
to the public schools. Attendance is compulsory for children be- 
tween ages 7 and 16. There are 3,161 public school buildings, and 
the total value of public school property is $519,606,658. 

Colleges and Universities 

The University of North Carolina, chartered in 1789, was the 
first State university to open its doors. The Greater University of 
North Carolina is comprised of the University at Chapel Hill, 
State College at Raleigh, and Woman's College at Greensboro. In 
all there are 63 institutions of higher learning in the State. Twelve 
are state-supported. Forty-six are private or church-related. Five 
are public institutions with some state support. There are 34 
senior, 23 junior, 1 theological seminary, and 5 unclassified in- 
stitutions. Duke University in Durham is one of the most heavily 
endowed institutions of higher learning in the world. Total uni- 
versity and college enrollment in 1956-57 was 53,727. 



THE STATE CAPITOL 

The original State Capitol of North Carolina was destroyed by 
fire on June 21, 1831. 

At the session of November, 1832, the Assembly resolved to 
rebuild on the old site, and $50,000 was appropriated for the pur- 
pose. Commissioners were appointed to have the work done. The 
rubbish was cleared away, the excavations made and the founda- 
tions were laid. On July 4, 1833, the cornerstone was set in place. 
After the foundations were laid the work progressed more 
slowly, and it was so expensive that the appropriation was ex- 
hausted. The Legislature at its next session appropriated $75,000 
more. To do the stone and finer work many skilled artisans had 
been brought from Scotland and other countries. The Building 
Commissioners contracted with David Paton to come to Raleigh 
and superintend the work. Mr. Paton was an architect, who had 
come from Scotland the year before. He was the builder, the archi- 
tect, and designer. 

The Legislature was compelled to make appropriations for the 
work from time to time. The following is a table of the several 
appropriations made: 

Session of 1832-33 $ 50,000.00 

Session of 1833-34 75,000.00 

Session of 1834-35 75,000.00 

Session of 1835 75,000.00 

Session of 1836-37 120,000.00 

Session of 1838-39 105,300.00 

Session of 1840-41 31,374.46 

Total $531,674.46 

The stone with which the building was erected was the property 
of the State. Had the State been compelled to purchase this ma- 
terial the cost of the Capitol would have been considerably in- 
creased. 

In the summer of 1840 the work was finished. At last, after 
more than seven years, the sum of $531,674.46 was expended. As 
large as that sum was for the time, when the State was so poor 
and when the entire taxes for all State purposes reached less than 

15 




L 



The Capitol 17 

$100,000, yet the people were satisfied. The building had been 
erected with rigorous economy, and it was an object of great pride 
to the people. Indeed, never was money better expended than in 
the erection of this noble Capitol. 

Description of the Capitol, Written by David Paton, 

the Architect 

"The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south 
by 140 feet from east to west. The whole height is 97% feet in the 
center. The apex of pediment is 64 feet in height. The stylobate 
is 18 feet in height. The columns of the east and west porticoes 
are 5 feet 2l^ inches in diameter. An entablature, including block- 
ing course, is continued around the building, 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied 
from the Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, 
which was erected in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An 
octagon tower surrounds the rotunda, which is ornamented with 
Grecian cornices, etc., and its dome is decorated at top with a 
similar ornament to that of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, 
commonly called the Lantorn of Demosthenes. 

"The interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories: First, 
the lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appro- 
priated as offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Comp- 
troller, each having two rooms of the same size — the one contain- 
ing an area of 649 square feet, the other 528 square feet — the two 
committee rooms, each containing 200 square feet and four clos- 
ets; also the rotunda, corridors, vestibules, and piazzas, contain 
an area of 4,370 square feet. The vestibules are decorated with 
columns and antse, similar to those of the Ionic Temple on the 
Ilissus, near the Acropolis of Athens. The remainder is groined 
with stone and brick, springing from columns and pilasters of 
the Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' 
chambers, the former containing an area of 2,545 and the latter 
2,849 square feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, 
two of which contain each an area of 169 square feet, and the 
other two contain each an area of 154 square feet; also, two rooms 
enter from Representatives' chamber, each containing an area of 
170 square feet; of two committee rooms, each containing an area 



18 North Carolina Manual 

of 2'M s.|ii,iii' I't'ct : (if four presses and the passages, stairs, 
lobbies, and ((iloiiiKuk's. containinf>- an ai-ea of .'5,204 square feet. 

•'The lobbii's and Hall of Representatives have their columns 
and antse of the Octagon Tower of Andi-onicus Cyrrhestes and 
the plan of the hall is of the formation of the Greek theatre and 
the columns and aiita- in the Senatorial chamber and rotunda are 
of the Temple of Erectheus, Minerva Polias, and Pandrosus, in 
the Acropolis of Athens, near the above named Parthenon. 

"Third, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the 
Supreme Court and Library, each containinjr an area of 693 square 
feet, (laiicrics of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet; 
also two apartments enterinjr from Senate g-allery, each 169 square 
feet, of four presses and the lobbies' stairs, 988 square feet. These 
lobbies as well as rotunda, are lit with cupolas, and it is proposed 
to finish the court and library in the florid Gothic style." 



CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Governors of "Virginia" 

Ralph Lane, April ..., 1585-June ...., 1586. 
John White, April .. ., 1587-August ...., 1587. 



Chief Executives Under the Proprietors 

William Drummond, October ...., 1663-October ...., 1667. 
Samuel Stephens, October ...., 1667-December ...., 1669. 
Peter Carteret, October .. ., 1670-May ...., 1673. 
John Jenkins, May ...., 1673-November ...., 1676. 

Thomas Eastchurch, November ...., 1676- , 1678. 

Thomas Miller, , 1677- 

John Culpepper, , 1677- , 1678. 

Seth Sothel, , 1678- 

John Harvey, February ...., 1679-August ...., 1679. 

John Jenkins, November . .., 1679- , 1681. 

Seth Sothel, , 1682- , 1689. 

Philip Ludwell, December ...., 1689- , 1691. 

Philip Ludwell, November 2, 1691- , 1694. 

Thomas Jarvis, , 1691- , 1694, 



Governors 19 

John Archdale, August 31, 1694- , 1696. 

John Harvey, , 1694- , 1699. 

Henderson Walker, , 1699-August 14, 1704, 

Robert Daniel, , 1704- , 1705. 

Thomas Gary, , 1705- , 1706. 

William Glover, , 1706- , 1708. 

Thomas Gary, , 1708-January . .., 1711. 

Edward Hyde, , 1710-May 9, 1712. 

Edward Hyde, May 9, 1712-September 8, 1712. 
Thomas Pollock, September 12, 1712-May 28, 1714. 
Gharles Eden, May 28, 1714-March 26, 1722. 
Thomas Pollock, March 30, 1722-August 30, 1722. 
William Reed, August 30, 1722-January 15, 1724. 
George Burrington, January 15, 1724-July 17, 1725. 
Richard Everard, July 17, 1725-May ...., 1728. 

Governors Under the Crown 

Richard Everard, May .. ., 1728-February 25, 1731. 
George Burrington, February 25, 1731-April 15, 1734. 
Nathaniel Rice, April 15, 1734-October 27, 1734. 
Gabriel Johnston, October 27, 1734-July 17, 1752. 
Matthew Rowan, July 17, 1752-November 2, 1754. 
Arthur Dobbs, November 2, 1754-March 28, 1765. 
William Tryon, March 28, 1765-December 20, 1765. 
William Tryon, December 20, 1765-July 1, 1771. 
James Hasell, July 1, 1771-August 12, 1771. 
Josiah Martin, August 12, 1771-May ...., 1775. 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 

Name, County, Term of Office 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 19, 1776-April 18, 1777. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1777-April 18, 1778. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1778-May 4, 1779. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, May 4, 1779-April, 1780. 
Abner Nash, Craven, April, 1780-June 26, 1781. 
Thomas Burke, Orange, June 26, 1781-April 26, 1782. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 26, 1782-April 30, 1783. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 30, 1783-April 1, 1785. 



20 North Carolina Manual 

Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 1, 1785-December 12, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 12, 1785-December 23, 1786. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 23, 1786-December 20, 1787. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, December 20, 1787-November 18, 1788. 
Samuel .Johnston, Chowan, November 18, 1788-November 16, 1789. 
Sanuul .Johnston, Chowan, November K), 1789-December 17, 1789. 
.Alexander .Martin, Guilford, December 17, 1789-December 9, 1790. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 9, 1790-January 2, 1792. 
.•\lexander Martin, Guilford, January 2, 1792-December 14, 1792. 
i;. !). Spaiuht, Craven, December 14, 1792-December 26, 1793. 
i;. I). Si)aiKht, Craven, December 26, 1793-January 6, 1795. 
11. 1). SpaiKht, Craven, January 6, 1795-November 19, 1795. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, November 19, 1795-December 19, 1796. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 19, 1796-December 5, 1797. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 5, 1797-December 7, 1798. 
W. R. Davie, Halifax, December 7, 1798-November 23, 1799. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 23, 1799-November 29, 1800. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 29, 1800-November 28, 1801. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 28, 1801-December 6, 1802. 
James Turner, Warren, December 6, 1802-December 1, 1803. 
James Turner, Warren, December 1, 1803-November 29, 1804. 
James Turner, Warren, November 29, 1804-December 10, 1805. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 10, 1805-December 

1, 1806. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 1, 1806-December 

1, 1807. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, December 1, 1807-December 12, 1808. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 12, 1808-December 13, 1809. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 13, 1809-December 5, 1810. 
Benjamin Smith, Brunswick, December 5, 1810-December 9, 1811. 
William Hawkins, Warren, December 9, 1811-November 25, 1812. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 25, 1812-November 20, 1813. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 20, 1813-November 29, 1814. 
William Miller, Warren, November 29, 1814-December 7, 1815. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1815-December 7, 1816. 
William :\Iiller, Warren, December 7, 1816-December 3, 1817. 
John Branch, Halifax, December 3, 1817-November 24, 1818. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 24, 1818-November 25, 1819. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 25, 1819-December 7, 1820. 
Jesse Franklin, Surry, December 7, 1820-December 7, 1821. 



Governors 21 

Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1821-December 7, 1822. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1822-December 6, 1823. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 6, 1823-December 7, 1824. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 7, 1824-December 6, 1825. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 6, 1825-December 29, 1826. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 29, 1826-December 8, 1827. 
James Iredell, Chowan, December 8, 1827-December 12, 1828. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 12, 1828-December 10, 1829. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 10, 1829-December 18, 1830. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 18, 1830-December 13, 1831. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 13, 1831-December 6, 1832. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 6, 1832-December 9, 1833. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 9, 1833-December 10, 1834. 

D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 10, 1834-December 10, 1835. 

R. D. Spaight, Jr., Craven, December 10, 1835-December 31, 1836. 

Governors Elected by the People 

E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 31, 1836-December 29, 1838. 
E. B. Dudley, New Hanover, December 29, 1838-January 1, 1841. 
J. M. Morehead, Guilford, January 1, 1841-December 31, 1842. 

J. M. Morehead, Guilford, December 31, 1842-January 1, 1845. 

W. A. Graham, Orangre, January 1, 1845-January 1, 1847. 

W. A. Graham, Orange, January 1, 1847-January 1, 1849. 

Charles Manly, Wake, January 1, 1849-January 1, 1851. 

D. S. Reid, Rockinoham, January 1, 1851-December 22, 1852. 

D. S. Reid, Rockingham, December 22, 1852-December 6, 1854. 

Warren Winslow, Cumberland, December 6, 1854-January 1, 1855. 

.Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1855-January 1, 1857. 

Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1857-January 1, 1859. 

John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1859-January 1, 1861. 

John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1861-July 7, 1861. 

Henry T. Clark, Edgecombe, July 7, 1861-September 8, 1862. 

Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, September 8, 1862-December 22, 1864. 

Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, December 22, 1864-May 29, 1865. 

W. W. Holden, Wake, May 29, 1865-December 15, 1865. 

Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 15, 1865-December 22, 1866. 

Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 22, 1866-July 1, 1868. 

W. W. Holden, Wake, July 1, 1868-December 15, 1870. 

T. R. Caldwell, Burke, December 15, 1870-January 1, 1873. 



22 North Carolina Manual 

T. K. Caldwoll. Hurkc, .Tamiary 1, 1878-July 11, 1874. 

C. II. HroKdfii. WayiK", July H, 1874-January 1, 1877. 

Z. H. Vance, Meckleiibuip:, January 1, 1877-February 5, 1879. 

r. J. Jarvis, Pitt. February 5, 1879-January 18, 1881. 

T. .1. Jarvis, Pitt, January 18, 1881-January 21, 1885. 

A. .M. Scales, Rockingham, January 21, 1885-January 17, 1889. 

D. v.. Fowle, Wake. January 17, 1889-April 8, 1891. 
Thomas I\I. Holt, Alamance, April 8, 1891-January 18, 1893. 
Elias Carr. Edgecombe, January 18, 1893-January 12, 1897. 
D. L. Russell, Brunswick, January 12, 1897-January 15, 1901. 
Charles B. Aycock, Wayne, January 15, 1901-January 11, 1905. 
R. B. Clenn, For.syth, January 11, 1905-January 12, 1909. 

\V. \V. Kitchin. Person, January 12, 1909-January 15, 1913. 
Locke I'laijr, Buncombe, January 15, 1913-January 11, 1917. 
Thomas W. Bickett, Franklin, January 11, 1917-January 12, 1921. 
Cameron Morrison, Mecklenburg-, January 12, 1921-January 14, 

1925. 
Angus Wilton McLean, Robeson, January 14, 1925-January 11, 

1929. 
0. Max Gardner, Cleveland, January 11, 1929-January 5, 1933. 
J. C. B. Ehriiifrhaus. Pasciuotank, January 5, 1933-January 7, 1937. 
Clyde R. Hoey, Cleveland, January 7, 1937-January 9, 1941. 
J. Melville Broug-hton, Wake, January 9, 1941-January 4, 1945. 
R. GrepTp: Cherry, Gaston, January 4, 1945-January 6, 1949. 
W. Kerr Scott, Alamance, January 6, 1949-January 8, 1953. 
William B. Umstead, Durham. January 8, 1953-November 7, 1954. 
Luther H. Hodges, Rockingham, November 7, 1954-February 7, 

1957. 
Luther H. Hodges, Rockingham, February 7, 1957- 



Lieutenant Governors 



23 



LIST OF PERSONS WHO HAVE SERVED AS 
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR SINCE JULY 1, 1868 

This List Has Been Compiled From The North Carolina 

Manual of 1913 And The Manuals Published Every 

Two Years Since That Date. 



Name 



TodR. CaldweUi-... 
Curtis H. Brogden2___ 

Thomas J. Jarvis^ 

James L. Robinson 

Charles M. Steadmaa. 

Thomas M. Holt-* 

Rufus A. Doughton.-. 
Charles A. Reynolds.. 

W.D.Turner 

Francis D. Winston... 
William C. Newland.. 
Elijah L. Doughtridge 

0. Max Gardner 

W. B. Cooper. 

J. Elmer Long 

Richard T. Fountain.. 

A. H. Graham 

W. P. Horton 

R. L. Harris 

L. Y. Ballentine 

H.P.Taylor. 

Luther H. Hodges* 

Luther E. Barnhardt.. 



County 

Burke.. 

Wayne. 

Pitt.-. 

Macon 

New Hanover 

Alamance 

Alleghany 

Forsyth 

Iredell 

Bertie 

Caldwell 

Edgecombe... 

Cleveland 

New Hanover 

Durham 

Edgecombe... 

Orange 

Chatham 

Person 

Wake 

Anson 

Rockingham.. 
Cabarrus 



Term Elected 



1868-1872 
1872-1876 
1876-1880 
1881-1885 
1885-1889 
1889-1893 
1893-1897 
1897-1901 
1901-1905 
1905-1909 
1909-1913 
1913-1917 
1917-1921 
1921-1925 
1925-1929 
1929-1933 
1933-1937 
1937-1941 
1941-1945 
1945-1949 
1949-1953 
1953-1957 
1957-1961 



Term Served 



1868-1870 

1872-1874 

1876-1878 

1881-1885' 

1885-1889 

1889-1891 

1893-1897 

1897-1901 

1901-1905 

1905-1909 

1909-1913 

1913-1917 

1917-1921 

1921-1925 

1925-1929 

1929-1933 

1933-1937 

1937-1941 

1941-1945 

1945-1949 

1949-1953 

1953-1954 

1957- 



Became Governor December 15, 1870 when W. W. Holden was impeached, tried, and put out of 
office. 

Became Governor July 11, 1874 when Tod R. Caldwell died in office. 

Became Governor February 5, 1879 when Governor Vance was elected U. S. Senator. 

Became Governor April 9, 1891 when D. G. Fowle died in office. 

Became Governor November 7, 1954 when William B. Umstead died in office. 



THE STATE FLAG 
An Act to Establish a State Flag 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a blue 
union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the letter 
N in gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of said 
star, the circle containing the same to be one-third the width of 
the union. 

Sec. 2. That the fly of the flag shall consist of two equally pro- 
portioned bars; the upper bar to be red, the lower bar to be white; 
that the length of the bars horizontally shall be equal to the per- 
pendicular length of the union, and the total length of the flag 
shall be one-third more than its width. 

Sec. 3. That above the star in the center of the union there 
shall be a gilt scroll in semicircular form, containing in black let- 
ters this inscription: "May 20th, 1775," and that below the star 
there shall be a similar scroll containing in black letters the in- 
scription: "April 12th, 1776." 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 9th 
day of March, A.D., 1885. 

No change has been made in the flag since the passage of this 
act. By an act of 1907 it is provided: 

"That the board of trustees or managers of the several State in- 
stitutions and public buildings shall provide a North Carolina flag, 
of such dimensions and materials as they may deem best, and the 
same shall be displayed from a staff upon the top of each and 
every such building at all times except during inclement weather, 
and upon the death of any State officer or any prominent citizen 
the Flag shall be put at half-mast until the burial of such person 
shall have taken place. 

"That the Board of County Commissioners of the several coun- 
ties in this State shall likewise authorize the procuring of a North 
Carolina flag, to be displayed either on a staff upon the top, or 
draped behind the Judge's stand, in each and every courthouse in 
the State, and that the State flag shall be displayed at each and 
every term of court held, and on such other public occasions as 
the Commissioners may deem proper." (Rev., s. 5321; 1885 c. 291; 
1907, c. 838.) 

25 



THE ME( KLENBURG DECLARATION OF 

20th May, 1775* 

Declaration 

Names of the Delegates Present 

Col. Thomas Polk John McKnitt Alexander 

Ephriani Brevard Hezekiah Alexander 

Hczekiah J. Balch Adam Alexander 

John Phifer Charles Alexander 

James Harris Zacheus Wilson, Sen. 

William Kennon WaiRhtstill Avery 

John Ford Benjamin Patton 

Richard Barry Mathevv^ McClure 

Henry Dovims Neil Morrison 

Ezra Alexander Robert Irwin 

William Graham John Flenniken 

John Quary David Reese 

Abraham Alexander Richard Harris, Sen. 

Abraham Alexander was appointed Chairman, and John Mc- 
Knitt Alexander, Clerk. The following resolutions were offered, 
viz : 

1. Resolved, That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted or in 
any way form or manner countenanced the unchartered and dan- 
gerous invasion of our rights as claimed by Great Britain is an 
enemy to this country, to America, and to the inherent and in- 
alienable rights of man. 

2. Resolved, That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do 
hereby dissolve the political bands which have connected us to the 
mother country and hereby absolve ourselves from all allegiance 
to the British Crown and abjure all political connection contract 
or association with that nation who have wantonly trampled on 
our right and liberties and inhumanly shed the blood of American 
patriots at Lexington. 

3. Resolved, That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and in- 
dependent people, are, and of right ought to be a sovereign and 
self-governing association under the control of no power other 
than that of our God and the General Government of the Congress 



•The above is found -n Vol. IX, pages 1263-65 of the Colonial Records of 
North Carolina. 

26 



The Mecklenburg Declaration 27 

to the maintenance of which independence we solemnly pledge to 
each other our mutual cooperation, our lives, our fortunes, and 
our most sacred honor. 

4. Resolved, That as we now acknowledge the existence and con- 
trol of no law or legal officer, civil or military within this County, 
we do hereby ordain and adopt as a rule of life all, each and 
every of our former laws — wherein nevertheless the Crown of 
Great Britain never can be considered as holding rights, privileges, 
immunities, or authority therein. 

5. Resolved, That it is further decreed that all, each and every 
Military Officer in this County is hereby reinstated in his former 
command and authority, he acting comformably to these regula- 
tions. And that every member present of this delegation shall 
henceforth be a civil officer, viz., a justice of the peace, in the 
character of a "committee man" to issue process, hear and deter- 
mine all matters of controversy according to said adopted laws 
and to preserve peace, union and harmony in said county, and 
to use every exertion to spread the love of Country and fire of 
freedom throughout America, until a more general and organized 
government be established in this Province, 



THE GREAT SEAL 

The Constitution of North Carolina, Article III, section 16, re- 
quires that 

"There shall be a seal of the State which shall be kept by the 
Governor, and used by him as occasion may require, and shall be 
called 'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina.' All grants 
and Commissions shall be issued in the name and by the authority 
of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 'The Great Seal of the 
State,' signed by the Governor and countersigned by the Secretary 
of State." 

The use of a Great Seal for the attestation of important docu- 
ments began with the institution of government in North Carolina. 
There have been at various times nine different seals in use in the 
colony and State. 

The present Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is de- 
scribed as follows: 

"The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is two and one- 
quarter inches in diameter, and its design is a representation of 
the figures of Liberty and Plenty, looking tow^ard each other, but 
not more than half fronting each other, and otherwise disposed, as 
follows : Liberty, the first figure, standing, her pole with cap on it 
in her left hand and a scroll with the word 'Constitution' inscribed 
thereon in her right hand. Plenty, the second figure, sitting down, 
her right arm half extended toward Liberty, three heads of wheat 
in her right hand, and in her left the small end of her horn, the 
mouth of which is resting at her feet, and the contents of horn 
rolling out. In the exergon is inserted the words May 20, 1775, 
above the coat of arms. Around the circumference is the legend 
'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina' and the motto 
'Esse Quam Videri'." (Rev., s. 5339; Code ss. 3328, 3329; 1868-9, 
c. 270, s. 35; 1883, c. 392; 1893, c. 145.) 



28 



THE STATE BIRD 

By popular choice the Cardinal was selected for adoption as 
our State Bird as of March 4, 1943. (S. L. 1943 c. 595; G. S. 
145-2.) 

This bird is sometimes called the Winter Redbird because it is 
most conspicuous in winter and is the only "redbird" present at 
that season. It is an all year round resident and one of the com- 
monest birds in our gardens and thickets. It is about the size of a 
Catbird with a longer tail, red all over, except that the throat and 
region around the bill is black; the head is conspicuously crested 
and the large stout bill is red; the female is much duller — the red 
being mostly confined to the crest, wings and tail. There are no 
seasonal changes in the plumage. 

The Cardinal is a fine singer, and what is unusual among birds 
the female is said to sing as well as the male, which latter setx 
usually has a monopoly of that art in the feathered throngs. 

The nest is rather an untidy aff'air built of weed stems, grass 
and similar materials in a low shrub, small tree or bunch of briars, 
usually not over four feet above the ground. The usual number of 
eggs to a set is three in this State, usually four further North. 
Possibly the Cardinal raises an extra brood down here to make 
up the difference, or possibly he can keep up his normal population 
more easily here through not having to face inclement winters 
of the colder North. A conspicuous bird faces more hazards. 

The Cardinal is by nature a seed eater, but he does not dislike 
small fruits and insects. 



31 



THE HALIFAX RESOLUTION 

Adopted by tlie Proviiu-ial Congress of North Carolina in Session 
at Halifax, April 12, 1776. 

It appears to your committee that pursuant to the plan concerted 
by the British Ministry for subjugating America, the King and 
Pailianient of Great Britain have usurped a power over the per- 
sons ami properties of the people unlimited and uncontrolled; and 
disregarding their humble petitions for peace, liberty and safety, 
have made divers legislative acts, denouncing war, famine, and 
every species of calamity, against the Continent in general. The 
British fleets and armies have been, and still are, daily employed 
in destroying the people, and committing the most horrid devasta- 
tions on the country. The Governors in different Colonies have de- 
clared protection to slaves who should imbrue their hands in the 
blood of their masters. That ships belonging to America are de- 
clared prizes of war and many of them have been violently seized 
and confiscated. In consequence of all of which multitudes of the 
people have been destroyed, or from easy circumstances reduced 
to the most lamentable distress. 

And WHEatEAS, The moderation hitherto manifested by the 
United Colonies and their sincere desire to be reconciled to the 
mother country on constitutional principles, have procured no 
mitigation of the aforesaid wrongs and usurpations, and no hopes 
remain of obtaining redress by those means alone which have been 
hitherto tried, your committee are of opinion that the House should 
enter into the following resolve, to wit: 

Resolved, That the delegates for this Colony in the Continental 
Congress be empowered to concur with the delegates of the other 
Colonies in declaring Independency, and forming foreign alliances, 
reserving to this Colony the sole and exclusive right of forming 
a Constitution and laws for this Colony, and of appointing dele- 
gates from time to time (under the direction of a general repre- 
sentation thereof) , to meet the delegates of the other Colonies for 
such purposes as shall be hereafter pointed out. 



32 



NAME OF STATE AND NICKNAMES 

In 1629 King- Charles the First of England "erected into a 
province," all the land from Albemarle Sound on the north to the 
St. John's River on the south, which he directed should be called 
Carolina. The word Carolina is from the word Carolus, the Latin 
form of Charles. 

When Carolina was divided in 1710, the southern part was 
called South Carolina and the northern or older settlement was 
called North Carolina, or the "Old North State." Historians had 
recorded the fact that the principal products of this State were 
"tar, pitch and turpentine." It was during- one of the fiercest 
battles of the War Between the States, so the story goes, that the 
column supporting the North Carolina troops was driven from the 
field. After the battle the North Carolinians, who had successfully 
fought it out alone, were greeted from the passing derelict regi- 
ment with the question : "Any more tar down in the Old North 
State, boys?" Quick as a flash came the answer: "No; not a bit; 
old Jeff's bought it all up." "Is that so; what is he going to do 
with it?" was asked. "He is going to put it on you'uns heels to 
make you stick better in the next fight." Creecy relates that Gen- 
eral Lee, hearing of the incident, said : "God bless the Tar Heel 
boys," and from that they took the name. — Adapted from Grand- 
father Tales of North Carolina by R. B. Creecy and Histories of 
North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, by Walter Clark. 

The State Motto 

The General Assembly of 189.3 (chapter 145) adopted the words 
"Esse Quam Videri" as the State's motto and directed that these 
words with the date "20 May, 1775," should be placed with our 
Coat of Arms upon the Great Seal of the State. 

The words "Esse Quam Videri" mean "to be rather than to 
seem." Nearly every State has adopted a motto, generally in Latin. 
The reason for their mottoes being in Latin is that the Latin 
tongue is far more condensed and terse than the English. The 
three words, "Esse Quam Videri," require at least six English 
words to express the same idea. 

Curiosity has been aroused to learn the origin of our State 
motto. It is found in Cicero in his essay on Friendship (Cicero de 
Amicitia, Chap. 26.) 

33 



34 North Carolina Manual 

It is a little singular that until the act of 1893 the sovereign 
State of North Carolina had no motto since its declaration of in- 
dependence. It was one of the very few states which did not have 
a motto and the only one of the original thirteen without one. 
(Kev., s. 5320; 1893, c. 145; G. S. 144-2.) 

The State Colors 

The General Assembly of 1945 declared Red and Blue of shades 
appearing in the North Carolina State Flag and the American 
Flag as the official State Colors. (Session Laws, 1945, c. 878; G. S. 
144-6.) 

The State Flower 

The General Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the 
State flower. (Public Laws, 1941, c. 289; G. S. 145-1.) 

The State's Toast 

Officially adopted as the toast of North Carolina by the General 
Assembly of 1957. (Session Laws, 1957, c. 777.) 

Here's to the land of the long leaf pine. 

The summer land where the sun doth shine, 

Where the weak grow strong and the strong grow gi'eat, 

Here's to "Down Home," the Old North State! 

Here's to the land of the cotton bloom white, 
Where the scuppernong perfumes the breeze at night, 
Where the soft southern moss and jessamine mate, 
'Neath the murmuring pines of the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where the galax grows, 
Where the rhododendron's rosette glows, 
Where soars Mount Mitchell's summit great, 
In the "Land of the Sky," in the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where maidens are fair. 
Where friends are true and cold hearts rare. 
The near land, the dear land whatever fate. 
The blest land, the best land, the Old North State! 
(Composed in 1904- by Leonora Martin and Mary Burke Kerr.) 



Legal Holidays 35 

Legal Holidays 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

January 19 — Birthday of General Robert E. Lee. 

February 22 — Birthday of George Washington. 

Easter Monday. 

April 12 — Anniversary of the Resolutions adopted by the Pro- 
vincial Congress of North Carolina at Halifax, April 12, 1776, 
instructing the delegates from North Carolina to the Continental 
Congress to vote for a Declaration of Independence. 

May 10 — Confederate Memorial Day. 

May 20 — Anniversary of the "Mecklenburg Declaration of In- 
dependence." 

May 30 — Memorial Day (Applies to State and National Banks 
only). 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

September, first Monday — Labor Day. 

November, Tuesday after first Monday — General Election Day. 

November 11 — Armistice Day. 

November, Fourth Thursday — Thanksgiving Day. 

By joint Resolution No. 41 of Congress, approved by the Presi- 
dent December 26, 1941, the fourth Thursday in November in each 
and every year after 1941, was designated as Thanksgiving Day 
and made a legal public holiday to all intents and purposes. 

December 25 — Christmas Day. 



86 North Carolina Manual 

Population 

l(i75 (Estimated) 4,000 

1701 (Estimated) 5,000 

1707 (Estimated) 7,000 

1715 (Estimated) 11,000 

1729 (Estimated) 35,000 

1752 (Estimated) 100,000 

17(".5 (Estimated) 200,000 

1771 (Estimated) 250,000 

1786 (Estimated) 350,000 

1790 (Census) 393,751 

1800 (Census) 478,103 

1810 (Census) 555,500 

1820 (Census) 638,829 

1830 (Census) 737,987 

1840 (Census) 753,409 

1850 (Census) 869,039 

I860 (Census) 992,622 

1870 (Census) 1,071,361 

1880 (Census) 1,399,750 

1890 (Census) 1,617,947 

1900 (Census) 1,893,810 

1910 (Census) 2,206,287 

1920 (Census) 2,559,123 

1930 (Census) 3,170,276 

1940 (Census) 3,571,623 

1950 (Census) 4,061,929 



THE OLD NORTH STATE 



(Traditional air as sung in 1928) 



WlLLIAU GaSTOM 

With spirit 



Collected and abbangbd 
BT Mas. E. E. Randolph 




li • nal Car - o - li - nal heav-cn's bless-ings a4 - tend her, 

2. Tho' she en - vies not oth - ers, their mer - it - ed g!o - ry, 

3. Then let all those who love us, love the land that we live tti, 




mb^^ 



^ 



-U [,•^•1 Ip 



q!^=t 



BE^=J 






>:^Sr-"^ 



ifc^:::^: 



While we live we will cher • ish, pro 

Say whose name stands the fore - most, in 

As hap • py a re - gion as 



:S=S: 



j -4j JJ ^ =4=:J 



^ 



1^=^ 






:^: 



tect and de- fend her, Tho' the 
lib - er - tys sto • ry, Tho' too 
on this side of heav-en, Where 



r« 



r 



IT 







scorn - er may sneer at and v/it - lings de - fame her. Still our hearts swell with 
true to her - self e'er to crouch to op-pres-sion. Who can yield to just 
plen - ty and peace, love and joy smile be - fore us, Raise a-loud, rais; to- 




e 



glad - ness when ev • er we name her. 

rule t more loy • al sub ■ mis - sion. Hur • rahl 

geth • er the heart thrill - ing cho - rus. 

—^ a ^ r* • !-• m !■♦ 1 ffl ^ 



Hur - rahl 



s 






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the 



b^e; 



CONSTITUTION OF THE 
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 



PREAMBLE 



We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to 
Almighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preser- 
vation of the American Union and the existence of our civil, politi- 
cal and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon 
Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, 
do, for the more certain security thereof, and for the better gov- 
ernment of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I 

DECLARATION OF RIGHTS 

That the great, general and essential principals of liberty and 
free government may be recognized and established, and that the 
relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United 
States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the 
American people may be defined and affirmed, we do declare: 

Sectio7i 1. The equality and rights of persons. That we hold it 
to be self-evident that all persons are created equal; that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; 
that among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of 
their own labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. Political power and government. That all political 
power is vested in, and derived from, the people; all government of 
right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, 
and is instituted solely for the good of the whole. 

Sec. 3. Internal government of the State. That the people of 
this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulat- 
ing the internal government and police thereof, and of altering and 
abolishing their Constitution and form of government whenever 
it may be necessary to their safety and happiness; but every such 
right should be exercised in pursuance of law, and consistently 
with the Constitution of the United States. 

39^ 



40 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 4. That there is no right to secede. That this State shall 
ever remain a member of the American Union; that the people 
thereof are a part of the American Nation ; that there is no right 
on the part of the State to secede, and that all attempts, from 
whatever source or upon whatever pretext, to dissolve said Union 
or to sever said Nation, ought to be resisted with the whole power 
of the State. , 

Sec. 5. Of aUegiance to the United States Government. That 
every citizen of this State owes paramount allegiance to the Con- 
stitution and Government of the United States, and that no law or 
ordinance of the State in contravention or subversion thereof can 
have any binding force. 

Sec. 6. Public debt; bonds issiied under ordinance of Conven- 
tion of 1868, '68-69, '69-70, declared invalid; exception. The State 
shall never assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any debt or 
obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave; nor shall the General Assembly assume 
or pay, or authorize the collection of any tax to pay, either directly 
or indirectly, expressed or implied, any debt or bond incurred, or 
issued, by authority of the Convention of the year one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-eight, nor any debt or bond incurred or 
issued by the Legislature of the year one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-eight, either at its special session of the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-eight, or at its regular sessions of 
the years one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight and one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, and one thousand eight 
hundred and sixty-nine and one thousand eight hundred and 
seventy, except the bonds issued to fund the interest on the old 
debt of the State, unless the proposing to pay the same shall have 
first been submitted to the people and by them ratified by the 
vote of a majority of all the qualified voters of the State, at a 
regular election held for that purpose. 

Sec. 7. Exclusive emoluments, et cetera. No person or set of 
persons are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privi- 
leges from the community but in consideration of public services. 
Sec. 8. The legislative, executive and judicial powers distinct. 
The legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of the 
government ought to be forever separate and distinct from each 
other. 



Constitution 41 

Sec. 9. Of the power of suspending laws. All power of sus- 
pending laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without 
the consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to 
their rights, and ought not to be exercised. 

Sec. 10. Elections free. All elections ought to be free. 

Sec. XI. In criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions, 
every person charged with crime has the right to be informed of 
the accusation and to confront the accusers and witnesses with 
other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and not be com- 
pelled to gfive self -incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail 
fees, or necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found g^uilty. 

Sec. 12. Answers to criminal charges. No person shall be put 
to answer any criminal charge except as hereinafter allowed, but 
by indictment, presentment, or impeachment. But any persons, 
when represented by counsel, may, under such regulations as the 
Legislature shall prescribe, waive indictment in all except capital 
cases. 

Sec. 13. Right of jury. No person shall be convicted of any 
crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful 
persons in open court. The Legislature may, however, provide 
other means of trial, for petty misdemeanors, with the right of 
appeal. 

Sec. 14. Excessive hail. Excessive bail should not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments 
inflicted. 

Sec. 15. General warrants. General warrants, whereby any 
officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places, 
without evidence of the act committed, or to seize any person or 
persons not named, whose offense is not particularly described and 
supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty and ought not to 
be granted. 

Sec. 16. Imprisonment for debt. There shall be no imprison- 
ment for debt in this State, except in cases of fraud. 

Sec. 17. No persons taken, etc., but by law of land. No person 
ought to be taken, imprisoned or disseized of his freehold, liber- 
ties, or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner de- 
prived of his life, liberty or property, but by the law of the land. 

Sec. 18. Persons restrained of liberty. Every person restrained 
of his liberty is entitled to a remedy to inquire into the lawfulness 



42 North Carolina Manual 

thereof, and to remove the same, if unlawful ; and such remedy 
ought not to be denied or delayed. 

Sec. 19. Controversies at law respecting property. In all con- 
troversies at law respecting- property, the ancient mode of trial 
by jury is one of the best securities of the rights of the people, 
and ought to remain sacred and inviolable. No person shall be 
excluded from jury service on account of sex. 

Sec. 20. Freedom of the press. The freedom of the press is one 
of the great bulwarks of liberty, and therefore ought never to be 
restrained, but every individual shall be held responsible for the 
abuse of the same. 

Sec. 21. Habeas corpus. The privilege of the writ of habeas 
corpus shall not be suspended. 

Sec. 22. Property qualification. As political rights and privi- 
leges are not dependent upon, or modified by, property, therefore 
no property qualification ought to affect the right to vote or hold 
office. 

Sec. 23. Representation and taxation. The people of the State 
ought not to be taxed, or made subject to the payment of any 
impost or duty without the consent of themselves, or their repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 24. Militia and the right to hear ar^ms. A well regulated 
militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right 
of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; and, 
as standing armies in time of peace are dangei'ous to liberty, they 
ought not to be kept up, and the military should be kept under 
strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. Nothing 
herein contained shall justify the practice of carrying concealed 
weapons, or prevent the Legislature from enacting penal statutes 
against said practice. 

Sec. 25. Right of the people to assemble together. The people 
have a right to assemble together to consult for their common 
good, to instruct their representatives, and to apply to the Legis- 
lature for redress of grievances. But secret political societies are 
dangerous to the liberties of a free people, and should not be 
tolerated. 

Sec. 26. Religious liberty. All persons have a natural and 
inalienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dic- 
tates of their own consciences, and no human authority should, 



Constitution 43 

in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of 
conscience. 

Sec. 27. Education. The people have a right to the privilege of 
education, and it is the duty of the State to guard and maintain 
that right. 

Sec. 28. Elections should be frequent. For redress of griev- 
ances, and for amending and strengthening the laws, elections 
should be often held. 

Sec. 29. Recurrence to fundamental principles. A frequent re- 
currence to fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 30. Hereditary emoluments, etc. No hereditary emolu- 
ments, privileges, or honors ought to be granted or conferred in 
this State. 

Sec. 31. Perpetuities, etc. Perpetuities and monopolies are con- 
trary to the genius of a free State, and ought not to be allowed. 

Sec. 32. Ex post facto latvs. Retrospective laws, punishing acts 
committed before the existence of such laws, and by them only 
declared criminal, are oppressive, unjust and incompatible with 
liberty; wherefore no ex post facto law ought to be made. No 
law taxing retrospectively sales, purchases, or other acts pre- 
viously done, ought to be passed. 

Sec. 33. Slavery prohibited. Slavery and involuntary serviture, 
otherwise than for crime, whereof the parties shall have been 
duly convicted, shall be, and are hereby, forever prohibited within 
the State. 

Sec. 34. State boundaries. The limits and boundaries of the 
State shall be and remain as they now are. 

Sec. 35. Cotirts shall be open. All courts shall be open ; and 
every person for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person, 
or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law, and right 
and justice administered without sale, denial, or delay. 

Sec. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. No soldier shall, in time of 
peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; 
nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 37. Other rights of the people. This enumeration of rights 
shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the 
people; and all powers herein delegated remain with the people. 



44 North Carolina Manual 

ARTICLE II 

LEXJISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Two branches. The legislative authority shall be 
vested in two distinct branches, both dependent on the people, to- 
wit: a Senate and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2. Time of assembly. The Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives shall meet biennially on the first Wednesday after the 
first Monday in February next after their election, unless a differ- 
ent day .shall be provided by law; and when assembled, shall be 
denominated the General Assembly. Neither house shall proceed 
upon public business unless a majority of all the members are 
actually present. 

Sec. 3. Ninnber of senators. The Senate shall be composed of 
fifty Senators, biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 4. Regulations in relation to districting the State for 
Senators. The Senate District shall be so altered by the General 
Assembly, at the first session after the return of every enumera- 
tion by order of Congress, that each Senate District shall contain, 
as near as may be, an equal number of inhabitants, excluding 
aliens and Indians not taxed, and shall remain unaltered until the 
return of another enumeration, and shall at all times consist of 
contiguous territory; and no county shall be divided in the for- 
mation of a Senate District, unless such county shall be equitably 
entitled to two or more Senators. 

Sec. 5. Regulations in relation to apportionment of represen- 
tatives. The House of Representatives shall be composed of one 
hundred and twenty Representatives, biennially chosen by ballot, 
to be elected by the counties respectively, according- to their popu- 
lation, and each county shall have at least one Representative in 
the House of Representatives, although it may not contain the 
requisite ratio of representation ; this apportionment shall be made 
by the General Assembly at the respective times and periods 
when the districts for the Senate are hereinbefore directed to be 
laid off. 

Sec. 6. Ratio of representation. In making the apportionment 
in the House of Representatives, the ratio of representation shall 
be ascertained by dividing the amount of the population of the 
State, exclusive of that comprehended within those counties which 
do not severally contain the one hundred and twentieth part of the 



Constitution 45 

population of the State, by the number of Representatives, less 
the number assigrned to such counties; and in ascertaining the 
number of the population of the State, aliens and Indians not 
taxed shall not be included. To each county containing the said 
ratio and not twice the said ratio there shall be assigned one 
Representative; to each county containing twice but not three 
times the said ratio there shall be assigned two Representatives, 
and so on progressively, and then the remaining Representatives 
shall be assigned severally to the counties having the largest 
fractions. 

Sec. 7. Qualifications for senators. Each member of the Senate 
shall not be less than twenty-five years of age, shall have resided 
in the State as a citizen two years, and shall have usually resided 
in the district for which he was chosen one year immediately 
preceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Qualifications for representatives. Each member of the 
House of Representatives shall be a qualified elector of the State, 
and shall have resided in the county for which he is chosen for 
one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 9. Election of officers. In the election of all officers, whose 
appointment shall be conferred upon the General Assembly by the 
Constitution, the vote shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 10. Powers in relation to divorce and alimony. The General 
Assembly shall have power to pass general laws regulating divorce 
and alimony, but shall not have power to grant a divorce or secure 
alimony in any individual case. 

Sec. 11. Private laws in relation to names of persons, etc. The 
General Assembly shall not have power to pass any private law 
to alter the name of any person, or to legitimate any person not 
born in lawful wedlock, or to restore to the rights of citizenship 
any person convicted of an infamous crime, but shall have power 
to pass general laws regulating the same. 

Sec. 12. Thirty days notice shall be given anterior to passage 
of private laws. The General Assembly shall not pass any private 
law, unless it shall be made to appear that thirty days notice of 
application to pass such a law shall have been given, under such 
direction and in such manner as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 13. Vacancies. If a vacancy shall occur in the General 
Assembly by death, resignation or otherwise, the said vacancy 
shall be filled immediately by the Governor appointing the person 



46 North Carolina Manual 

recommended by the executive committee of the county in which 
the deceased or resifriied member was resident, being the exec- 
utive committee of the political pai-ty with which the deceased or 
resigned member was affiliated at the time of his election. 

Sec. 14. Revenue. No law shall be passed to raise money on the 
credit of the State, or to pledge the faith of the State, directly 
or indirectly, for the payment of any debt, or to impose any tax 
upon the people of the State, or allow the counties, cities or towns 
to do so, unless the bill for the purpose shall have been read three 
several times in each House of the General Assembly and passed 
three several readings, which readings shall have been on three 
different days, and agreed to by each House respectively, and un- 
less the yeas and nays on the second and third readings of the bill 
shall have been entered on the journal. 

Sec. 15. FJntails. The General Assembly shall regulate entails 
in such a manner as to prevent perpetuities. 

Sec. 16. Journals. Each House shall keep a journal of its pro- 
ceedings, which shall be printed and made public immediately after 
the adjournment of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Protest. Any member of either House may dissent 
from, and protest against, any act or resolve which he may think 
injurious to the public, or any individual, and have the reasons 
for his dissent entered on the journal. 

Sec. 18. Officers of the House. The House of Representatives 
shall choose their own Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 19. President of the Senate. The Lieutenant-Governor shall 
preside in the Senate, but shall have no vote unless it may be 
equally divided. 

Sec. 20. Other senatorial officers. The Senate shall choose its 
other officers, and also a Speaker (pro tempoi-e) in the absence 
of the Lieutenant-Governor, or when he shall exercise the office 
of Governor. 

Sec. 21. Stijle of the acts. The style of the acts shall be: "The 
General Assembly of North Carolina do enact." 

Sec. 22. Potvers of the General Assembly. Each House shall be 
judge of the qualifications and election of its own members, shall 
sit upon its own adjournment from day to day, prepare bills to be 
passed into laws; and the two Houses may also jointly adjourn 
to any future day, or other place. 



Constitution 47 

Sec. 23. Bills mid resolutions to he read three times, etc. All 
bills and resolutions of a legislative nature shall be read three 
times in each House before they pass into laws, and shall be 
signed by the presiding officers of both Houses. 

Sec. 24. Oath of members. Each member of the General Assem- 
bly, before taking his seat, shall take an oath or affirmation that 
he will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, 
and the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, and will 
faithfully discharge his duty as a member of the Senate or House 
of Representatives. 

Sec. 25. Terms of office. The terms of office for Senators and 
members of the House of Representatives shall commence at the 
time of their election. 

Sec. 26. Yeas and nays. Upon motion made and seconded in 
either House by one-fifth of the members present, the yeas and 
nays upon any question shall be taken and entered upon the 
journals. 

Sec. 27. Election for members of the General Assembly. The 
election for members of the General Assembly shall be held for 
the respective districts and counties, at the places where they are 
now held, or may be directed hereafter to be held, in such manner 
as may be prescribed by law, on the first Thursday in August, 
in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and every 
two years thereafter. But the General Assembly may change the 
time of holding the elections. 

Sec. 28. Pay of members and presiding officers of the General 
Assembly. The members of the General Assembly for the term 
for which they have been elected shall receive as a compensation 
for their services the sum of fifteen dollars ($15.00) per day 
for each day of their session for a period not exceeding 120 days. 
The compensation of the presiding officers of the two houses shall 
be twenty dollars ($20.00) p(ii- day for a period not exceeding 
120 days. Should an extra session of the General Assembly be 
called, the members and presiding officers shall receive a like rate 
of compensation for a period not exceeding 25 days. The members 
and presiding officers shall also receive, while engaged in legis- 
lative duties, such subsistence and travel allowance as shall be 
established by law; provided, such allowances shall not exceed 
those established for members of State boards and commissions 
generally. 



48 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon potver of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. The General Assembly shall not pass 
any local, private or special act or resolution relating to the es- 
tablishment of courts inferior to the Superior Court; relating to 
the appointment of justices of the peace; relating to health, sani- 
tation, and the abatement of nuisances; changing the names of 
cities, towns, and townships; authorizing the laying out, opening, 
altering, maintaining, or discontinuing of highways, streets, or 
alleys; relating to ferries or bridges; relating to non-navigable 
streams; relating to cemeteries; relating to the pay of jurors; 
erecting new townships, or changing township lines, or establish- 
ing or changing the lines of school districts; remitting fines, 
penalties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into 
the public treasury; regulating labor, trade, mining, or manu- 
facturing; extending the time for the assessment or collection of 
taxes or otherwise relieving any collector of taxes from the due 
performance of his official duties or his sureties from liability; 
giving effect to informal wills and deeds; nor shall the General 
Assembly enact any such local, private or special act by the par- 
tial repeal of a general law, but the General Assembly may at any 
time repeal local, private or special laws enacted by it. Any local, 
private or special act or resolution passed in violation of the pro- 
visions of this section shall be void. The General Assembly shall 
have power to pass general laws regulating matters set out in 
this section. 

Sec. 30. Inviolability of siriking funds. The General Assembly 
shall not use nor authorize to be used any part of the amount of 
any sinking fund for any purpose other than the retirement of the 
bonds for which said sinking fund has been created. 

Sec. 31. Use of funds of Teachers' and State Employees' Re- 
tirement System restricted. The General Assembly shall not use, 
or authorize to be used, nor shall any agency of the State, public 
officer or public employee use or authorize to be used the funds, 
or any part of the funds, of the Teachers' and State Employees' 
Retirement System except for retirement system purposes. The 
funds for the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System 
shall not be applied, diverted, loaned to or used by the State, any 
State agency, State officer, public officer or employee except for 
purposes of the Retirement System: Provided, that nothing in this 



Constitution 49 

Section shall prohibit the use of said funds for the payment of 
benefits as authorized by the Teachers' and State Employees' Re- 
tirement Law, nor shall anything- in this provision prohibit the 
proper investment of said funds as may be authorized by law. 

ARTICLE III 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Officers of the Executive Department; Terms of 
Office. The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, in 
whom shall be vested the supreme executive power of the State; a 
Lieutenant-Governor, a Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Treas- 
urer, a Superintendent of Public Instruction, an Attorney Gen- 
eral, a Commissioner of Agriculture, a Commissioner of Labor, 
and a Commissioner of Insurance, who shall be elected for a term 
of four years by the qualified electors of the State, at the same 
time and places and in the same manner as members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly are elected. Their term of office shall commence on 
the first day of January next after their election, and continue 
until their successors are elected and qualified: Provided, that the 
officers first elected shall assume the duties of their office ten days 
after the approval of this Constitution by the Congress of the 
United States, and shall hold their offices four years from and 
after the first day of January. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor. 
No person shall be eligible as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor 
unless he shall have attained the age of thirty years, shall have 
been a citizen of the United States five years, and shall have been 
a resident of this State for two years next before election; nor 
shall the person elected to either of these two offices be eligible to 
the same office more than four years in any term of eight years, 
unless the office shall have been cast upon him as Lieutenant- 
Governor or President of the Senate. 

Sec. 3. Returns of elections. The return of every election for 
officers of the Executive Department shall be sealed up and trans- 
mitted to the seat of g-overnment by the returning officer, directed 
to the Secretary of State. The return shall be canvassed and the 
result declared in such manner as may be prescribed by law. Con- 
tested elections shall be determined by a joint ballot of both 
Houses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be pre- 
scribed by law. 



50 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 4. Oath of office for Governor. The Governor, before enter- 
ing: upon the duties of his office, shall, in the presence of the mem- 
bers of both branches of the General Assembly, or before any 
Justice of the Supreme Court, take an oath or affirmation that he 
will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, and 
of the State of North Carolina, and that he will faithfully per- 
fo)-m the duties appertaining- to the office of Governor, to which 
he has been elected. 

Sec. 5. Duties of Govenwr. The Goveinor shall reside at the 
seat of government of this State, and he shall, from time to time, 
give the General Assembly information of the affairs of the State, 
and rtH'ommend to their consideration such measui'es as he shall 
deem expedient. 

Sec. 6. Reprieves, commutations and pardons. The Governor 
shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, 
after conviction, for all offenses (except in cases of impeachment), 
upon such conditions as he may think proper, subject to such 
regulations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of 
applying for pardons. He shall biennially communicate to the Gen- 
eral Assembly each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon 
granted, stating the name of each convict, the crime for which 
he was convicted, the sentence and its date, the date of commu- 
tation, paidon, or reprieve, and the reasons therefor. The terms 
reprieves, commutations and pardons shall not include paroles. 
The General Assembly is authorized and empowered to create a 
Board of Paroles, provide for the appointment of the members 
thereof, and enact suitable laws defining the duties and authority 
of such board to grant, revoke and terminate paroles. The Gov- 
ernor's power of paroles shall continue until July 1, 1955, at which 
time said power shall cease and shall be vested in such Board 
of Paroles as may be created by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 7. Annual reports from officers of Executive Department 
and of public institutions. The officers of the Executive Department 
and of the public institutions of the State shall, at least five days 
previous to each regular session of the General Assembly, severally 
report to the Governor, who shall transmit such reports, with his 
message, to the General Assembly; and the Governor may, at any 
time, require information in writing from the officers in the 
Executive Department upon any subject relating to the duties 



Constitution 51 

of their respective offices, and shall take care that the laws be 
faithfully executed. 

Sec. 8. Commander-in-Chief. The Governor shall be Comman- 
der-in-Chief of the militia of the State, except when they shall 
be called into the service of the United States. 

Sec. 9. Extra sessions of the General Assembly. The Governor 
shall have power on extraordinary occasions, by and with the 
advice of the Council of State, to convene the General Assembly 
in extra session by his proclamation, stating therein the purpose 
or purposes for which they are thus convened. 

Sec. 10. Officers whose appointments are not otherwise pro- 
vided for. The Governor shall nominate, and by and with the 
advice and consent of a majority of the Senators-elect, appoint all 
officers whose offices are established by this Constitution and whose 
appointments are not otherwise provided for. 

Sec. 11. Duties of the Lieutenant-Governor. The Lieutenant- 
Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote 
unless the Senate be equally divided. He shall receive such com- 
pensation as shall be fixed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 12. In case of impeachment of Governor, or vacancy 
caused by death or resignation. In case of the impeachment of 
the Governor, his failure to qualify, his absence from the State, 
his inability to discharge the duties of his office, or, in case the 
office of Governor shall in any wise become vacant, the powers, 
duties and emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the Lieu- 
tenant-Governor until the disability shall cease or a new Governor 
shall be elected and qualified. In every case in which the Lieu- 
tenant-Governor shall be unable to preside over the Senate, the 
Senators shall elect one of their own number president of their 
body; and the powers, duties and emoluments of the office of 
Governor shall devolve upon him whenever the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor shall, for any reason, be prevented from discharging the 
duties of such office as above provided, and he shall continue as 
acting Governor until the disabilities are removed, or a new Gov- 
ernor or Lieutenant-Governor shall be elected and qualified. When- 
ever, during the recess of the General Assembly, it shall become 
necessary for the President of the Senate to administer the govern- 
ment, the Secretary of State shall convene the Senate, that they 
may elect such president. 



52 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 13. Duties of other executive officers. The respective duties 
of the Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, Attorney General, Commissioner of Agricul- 
ture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insurance shall 
be prescribed by law. If the office of any of said officers shall be 
vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty of 
the Governor to appoint another until the disability be removed 
or his successor be elected and qualified. Every such vacancy shall 
be lilled by election at the first general election that occurs more 
than thirty days after the vacancy has taken place, and the per- 
son chosen shall hold the office for the remainder of the unex- 
pired term fixed in the first section of this article. Provided, that 
when the unexpired term of any of the offices named in this sec- 
tion in which such vacancy has occurred expires on the first day 
of January succeeding the next general election, the Governor 
shall appoint to fill said vacancy for the unexpired term of said 
office. 

Sec. 14. Council of State. The Secretary of State, Auditor, 
Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner 
of Agriculture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of In- 
surance shall constitute, ex officio, the Council of State, who shall 
advise the Governor in the execution of his office, and three of 
whom shall constitute a quorum; their advice and proceedings 
in this capacity shall be entered in a journal, to be kept for this 
purpose, exclusively, and signed by the members present, from 
any part of which any member may enter his dissent; and such 
journal shall be placed before the General Assembly when called 
for by either house. The Attorney General shall be, ex officio, the 
legal adviser of the executive department. 

Sec. 15. Compensation of executive officers. The officers men- 
tioned in this article shall at stated periods, receive for their 
services a compensation to be established by law, which shall 
neither be increased nor diminished during the time for which 
they shall have been elected, and the said officers shall receive 
no other emolument or allowance whatever. 

Sec. 16. Seal of State. There shall be a seal of the State, which 
shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him, as occasion may 
require, and shall be called "The Great Seal of the State of North 
Carolina". All grants and commissions shall be issued in the name 
and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 



Constitution 53 

"The Great Seal of the State", signed by the Governor, and 
countersigned by the Secretary of State. 

Sec. 17. Department of Agriculture, Immigration and Statis- 
tics. The General Assembly shall establish a Department of 
Agriculture, Immigration, and Statistics, under such regulations as 
may best promote the agricultural interests of the State, and shall 
enact laws for the adequate protection and encouragement of 
sheep husbandry. 

Sec. 18. Department of Justice. The General Assembly is 
authorized and empowered to create a Department of Justice 
under the supervision and direction of the Attoi-ney General, and 
to enact suitable laws defining the authority of the Attorney Gen- 
eral and other officers and agencies concerning the prosecution 
of crime and the administration of the criminal laws of the State. 

ARTICLE IV 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Abolishes the distinctions hetiveen actions at law and 
suits in equity, and feigned issues. The distinctions between actions 
at law and suits in equity, and the forms of all such actions and 
suits, shall be abolished; and there shall be in this State but one 
form of action for the enforcement or protection of private rights 
or the redress of private wrongs, which shall be denominated a 
civil action ; and every action prosecuted by the people of the 
State as a party, against a person charged with a public offense, 
for the punishment of the same, shall be termed a criminal action. 
Feigned issues shall also be abolished, and the facts at issue tried 
by order of court before a jury. 

Sec. 2. Division of judicial powers. The judicial power of the 
State shall be vested in a court for the trial of impeachments, a 
Supreme Court, Superior Courts, courts of justices of the peace, 
and such other courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be 
established by law. 

Sec. 3. Trial court of impeachment. The court for the trial of 
impeachments shall be the senate. A majority of the members 
shall be necessary to a quorum, and the judgment shall not extend 
beyond removal from and disqualification to hold office in this 
State; but the party shall be liable to indictment and punishment 
according to law. 



54- North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 4. Impeachment. The House of Representatives solely shall 
have the power of impeaching. No person shall be convicted with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators present. When 
the Governor is impeached, the Chief Justice shall preside. 

Sec. 5. Treason against the State. Treason against the State 
shall consist only in levying- war against it, or adhering to its 
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted 
of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same 
overt act, or on confession in open court. No conviction of treason 
or attainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture. 

Sec. 6. Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall consist of a 
Chief Justice and four Associate Justices. The General Assembly 
may increase the number of Associate Justices to not more than 
six when the work of the Court so requires. The Court shall 
have power to sit in divisions, when in its judgment this is neces- 
sary for the proper dispatch of business, and to make rules for 
the distribution of business between the divisions and for the 
hearing of cases by the full Court. No decision of any division 
shall become the judgment of the Court unless concurred in by 
a majority of all the justices; and no case involving a construc- 
tion of the Constitution of the State or of the United States shall 
be decided except by the Court in banc. All sessions of the Court 
shall be held in the city of Raleigh. This amendment made to the 
Constitution of North Carolina shall not have the effect to vacate 
any office or term of office now existing under the Constitution of 
the State, and filled or held by virtue of any election or appoint- 
ment under the said Constitution, and the laws of the State made 
in pursuance thereof. The General Assembly is vested with au- 
thority to provide for the retirement of members of the Supreme 
Court and for the recall of such retired members to serve on said 
Court in lieu of any active member thereof who is, for any cause, 
temporarily incapacitated. 

Sec. 7. Teryns of the Supreme Court. The terms of the Supreme 
Court shall be held in the city of Raleigh, as now, until otherwise 
provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 8. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall 
have jurisdiction to review, upon appeal, any decision of the courts 
below, upon any matter of law or legal inference. And the juris- 
diction of said court over "issues of fact" and "questions of fact" 



Constitution 55 

shall be the same exercised by it before the adoption of the Con- 
stitution of one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, and the 
court shall have the power to issue any remedial writs necessary 
to give it a general supervision and control over the proceedings 
of the inferior courts. 

Sec. 9. Claims against the State. The Supreme Court shall 
have original jurisdiction to hear claims against the State, but 
its decisions shall be merely recommendatory; no process in the 
nature of execution shall issue thereon; they shall be reported to 
the next session of the General Assembly for its action. 

Sec. 10. Judicial Districts for Superior Courts. The General 
Assembly shall divide the State into a number of judicial districts 
which number may be increased or reduced and shall provide 
for the election of one or more Superior Court judges for each 
district. There shall be a Superior Court in each county at least 
twice in each year to continue for such time in each county as 
may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 11. Judicial Districts; Rotation; Special Superior Court 
Judges; Assignment of Superior Court Judges by Chief Justice. 
Each Judge of the Superior Court shall reside in the district for 
which he is elected. The General Assembly may divide the State 
into a number of judicial divisions. The judges shall preside in 
the courts of the different districts within a division successively; 
but no judge shall hold all the courts in the same district oftener 
than once in four years. The General Assembly may provide by 
general laws for the selection or appointment of Special or Emer- 
gency Superior Court Judges not assigned to any judicial district, 
who may be designated from time to time by the Chief Justice 
to hold court in any district or districts within the State; and the 
General Assembly shall define their jurisdiction and shall provide 
for their reasonable compensation. The Chief Justice, when in his 
opinion the public interest so requires, may assign any Superior 
Court Judge to hold one or more terms of Superior Court in any 
district. 

Sec. 12. Jurisdiction of courts inferior to Supreme Court. The 
General Assembly shall have no power to deprive the judicial de- 
partment of any power or jurisdiction which rightfully pertains 
to it as a coordinate department of the government; but the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall allot and distribute that portion of this power 
and jurisdiction which does not pertain to the Supreme Courti 



66 North Carolina Manual 

amonp: the other courts prescribed in this Constitution or which may 
be established by law, in such manner as it may deem best; pro- 
vide also a proper system of appeals; and reflate by law, when 
necessary, the methods of proceeding in the exercise of their 
powers, of all the courts below the Supreme Court, so far as the 
same may be done without conflict with other provisions of this 
Constitution. 

Sec. 13. In case of waiver of tHal by jury. In all issues of fact, 
joined in any court, the parties may waive the right to have the 
same determined by a jury; in which case the finding of the judge 
upon the facts shall have the force and effect of a verdict by a 
jury. 

Sec. 14. Special courts in cities. The General Assembly shall 
provide for the establishment of special courts, for the trial of 
misdemeanors, in cities and towns, where the same may be 
necessary. 

Sec. 15. Clerk of the Supreme Court. The Clerk of the Supreme 
Court shall be appointed by the Court, and shall hold his office 
for eight years. 

Sec. 16. Election of Superior Court clerk. A clerk of the Su- 
perior Court for each county shall be elected by the qualified 
voters thereof, at the time and in the manner prescribed by law 
for the election of members of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Term of office. Clerks of the Superior Courts shall hold 
their offices for four years. 

Sec. 18. Fees, salaries and etnoluments. The General Assembly 
shall prescribe and regulate the fees, salaries, and emoluments of 
all officers provided for in this article; but the salaries of the 
judges shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. 19. What laws are, and shall he, in force. The laws of 
North Carolina, not repugnant to this Constitution or the Consti- 
tution and laws of the United States, shall be in force until law- 
fully altered. 

Sec. 20. Disposition of actions at law and suits in equity, pend- 
ing when this Constitution shall go into effect, etc. Actions at law 
and suits in equity pending when this Constitution shall go into 
effect shall be transfei-red to the courts having jurisdiction thereof, 
without prejudice by reason of the change; and all such actions 
and suits commenced before, and pending at the adoption by the 
General Assembly of the rules of practice and procedure herein 



Constitution 67 

provided for, shall be heard and determined according to the prac- 
tices now in use, unless otherwise provided for by said rules. 

Sec. 21. Elections, terms of office, etc., of Justices of the 
Supreme and Judges of the Superior Courts. The Justices of the 
Supreme Court shall be elected by the qualified voters of the 
State, as is provided for the election of members of the General 
Assembly. They shall hold their offices for eight years. The judges 
of the Superior Courts, elected at the first election under this 
amendment, shall be elected in like manner as is provided for 
Justices of the Supreme Court, and shall hold their office for 
eight years. The General Assembly may, from time to time, pro- 
vide by law that the judges of the Superior Courts, chosen at 
succeeding elections, instead of being elected by the voters of the 
whole State, as is herein provided for, shall be elected by the 
voters of their respective districts. 

Sec. 22. Transaction of business in the Superior Courts. The 
Superior Courts shall be, at all times, open for the transaction of 
all business within their jurisdiction, except the trial of issues of 
fact requiring a jury. 

Sec. 23. Solicitors and Solicitorial Districts. The State shall 
be divided into twenty-one solicitorial districts, for each of which 
a solicitor shall be chosen by the qualified voters thereof, as is 
prescribed for members of the General Assembly, who shall hold 
office for the term of four years, and prosecute on behalf of the 
State in all criminal actions in the Superior Courts, and advise 
the officers of justice in his district. But the General Assembly 
may reduce or increase the number of solicitorial districts, which 
need not correspond to, or be the same as, the judicial districts 
of the State. 

Sec. 24. Sheriffs and Coroners. In each county a sheriff and a 
coroner shall be elected by the qualified voters thereof as is pre- 
scribed for the members of the General Assembly, and shall hold 
their offices for a period of four years. In each township there 
shall be a constable elected in like manner by the voters thereof, 
who shall hold his office for a period of two years. When there 
is no coroner in a county the Clerk of the Superior Court for the 
county may appoint one for special cases. In case of a vacancy 
existing for any cause in any of the offices created by this section 
the commissioners of the county may appoint to such office for the 
unexpired term. 



58 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 25. Vacavciefi. All vacancies occurring in the offices pro- 
vided for by this Article of the Constitution shall be filled by the 
appoiiitnu'nt of the Governor, unless otherwise provided for, and 
the appointees shall hold their places until the next reg:ular elec- 
tion for members of the General Assembly that is held more than 
30 days after such vacancy occurs, when elections shall be held 
to fill such offices. Provided, that when the unexpired term of any 
of the offices named in this Article of the Constitution in which 
such vacancy has occurred, and in which it is herein provided 
that the Governor shall fill the vacancy, expires on the first day 
of January succeeding: the next General Election, the Governor 
shall appoint to fill said vacancy for the unexpired term of said 
office. If any person elected or appointed to any of said offices, 
shall neglect and fail to qualify, such offices shall be appointed to, 
held and filled as provided in case of vacancies occurring therein. 
All incumbents of said offices shall hold until their successors are 
qualified. 

Sec. 26. Terms of office of first officers. The officers elected at 
the first election held under this Constitution shall hold their 
offices for the terms prescribed for them respectively, next ensuing 
after the next regular election for members of the General Assem- 
bly. But their terms shall begin upon the approval of this Con- 
stitution by the Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 27. Jurisdiction of justices of the peace. The several 
justices of the peace shall have jurisdiction, under such regula- 
tions as the General Assembly shall prescribe, of civil actions, 
founded on contract, wherein the sum demanded shall not exceed 
two hundred dollars, and wherein the title to real estate shall not 
be in controversy, and of all criminal matters arising within their 
counties where the punishment cannot exceed a fine of fifty 
dollars or imprisonment for thirty days. And the General Assem- 
bly may give to the justices of the peace jurisdiction of other 
civil actions wherein the value of the property in controversy 
does not exceed fifty dollars. When an issue of fact shall be joined 
before a justice, on demand of either party thereto he shall cause 
a jury of six men to be summoned, who shall try the same. The 
party against whom the judgment shall be rendered in any civil 
action may appeal to the Superior Court from the same. In all 
cases of a criminal nature the party against whom the judgment 
is given may appeal to the Superior Court, where the matter shall 



Constitution 59 

be heard anew. In all cases brought before a justice, he shall make 
a record of the proceedings, and file the same with the clerk of the 
Superior Court for his county. 

Sec. 28. Vacancies in offices of justices. When the office of 
justice of the peace shall become vacant otherwise than by expira- 
tion of the term, and in case of a failure by the voters of any 
district to elect, the clerk of the Superior Court for the county 
shall appoint to fill the vacancy for the unexpired term. 

Sec. 29. Vacancies in office of Superior Court Clerk. In case the 
ofllice of clerk of a Superior Court for a county shall become 
vacant otherwise than by expiration of the term, and in case of a 
failure by the people to elect, the judge of the Superior Court 
for the county shall appoint to fill the vacancy until an election 
can be regularly held. 

Sec. 30. Officers of other courts inferior to Supreme Court. In 
case the General Assembly shall establish other courts inferior 
to the Supreme Court, the presiding officers and clerks thereof 
shall be elected in such manner as the General Assembly may 
from time to time prescribe, and they shall hold their offices for 
a term not exceeding eight years. 

Sec. 31. Removal of judges of the various courts for inability. 
Any judge of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, and 
the presiding officers of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court 
as may be established by law, may be removed from office for men- 
tal or physical inability, upon a concurrent resolution of two-thirds 
of both Houses of the General Assembly. The judge or presiding 
officer against whom the General Assembly may be about to pro- 
ceed shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the 
causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before the 
day on which either House of the General Assembly shall act 
thereon. 

Sec. 32. Removal of clerks of the various courts for inability. 
Any clerk of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, or of 
such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be established 
by law, may be removed from office for mental or physical inability, 
the clerk of the Supreme Court by the judges of said court, the 
Clerks of the Superior Courts by the judge riding the district, and 
the clerks of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may 
be established by law by the presiding officers of said courts. The 
clerk against whom proceedings are instituted shall receive notice 



60 North Carolina Manual 

thereof, accompanied by a copy of the causes alleged for his re- 
moval, at least ten days before the day appointed to act thereon, 
and the clerk shall be entitled to an appeal to the next term of 
the Superior Court, and thence to the Supreme Court, as provided 
in other cases of appeals. 

Sec. 33. Amendments not to vacate existing offices. The amend- 
ments made to the Constitution of North Carolina by this con- 
vention shall not have the effect to vacate any office or term of 
office novi^ existing^ under the Constitution of the State, and filled, 
or held, by virtue of any election or appointment under the said 
Constitution and the laws of the State made in pursuance thereof. 

ARTICLE V 

REVENUE AND TAXATION 

Section 1. Capitation tax; exemptions. The General Assembly 
may levy a capitation tax on every male inhabitant of the State 
over twenty-one and under fifty years of age, which said tax shall 
not exceed two dollars, and cities and towns may levy a capitation 
tax which shall not exceed one dollar. No other capitation tax 
shall be levied. The commissioners of the several counties and of 
the cities and towns may exempt from the capitation tax any 
special cases on account of poverty or infirmity. 

Sec. 2. Application of p^-oceeds of State arid county capitation 
tax. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall be 
applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor, 
but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent thereof be 
appropriated for the latter purpose. 

Sec. 3. State taxation. The power of taxation shall be exercised 
in a just and equitable manner, and shall never be surrendered, 
suspended or contracted away. Taxes on property shall be uniform 
as to each class of property taxed. Taxes shall be levied only for 
public purposes, and every act levying a tax shall state the object 
to which it is to be applied. The General Assembly may also tax 
trades, professions, franchises, and incomes: Provided, the rate 
of tax on income shall not in any case exceed ten per cent (10%), 
and there shall be allowed the following exemptions, to be de- 
ducted from the amount of annual incomes, to-wit: for a married 
man with a wife living with him, or to a widow or widower having 



Constitution 61 

minor child or children, natural or adopted, not less than $2,000; 
to all other persons not less than $1,000, and there may be allowed 
other deductions (not including living expenses) so that only net 
incomes are taxed. 

Sec. 4. Limitations upon the increase of public debts. The 
General Assembly shall have the power to contract debts and to 
pledge the faith and credit of the State and to authorize counties 
and municipalities to contract debts and pledge their faith and 
credit for the following purposes: To fund or refund a valid 
existing debt; to borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes 
due and payable within the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding 
fifty per centum of such taxes; to supply a casual deficit; to sup- 
press riots or insurrections, or to repel invasions. For any pur- 
pose other than these enumerated, the General Assembly shall 
have no power, during any biennium, to contract new debts on 
behalf of the State to an amount in excess of two-thirds of the 
amount by which the State's outstanding indebtedness shall have 
been reduced during the next preceding biennium, unless the sub- 
ject be submitted to a vote of the people of the State; and for any 
purpose other than these enumerated the General Assembly shall 
have no power to authorize counties or municipalities to contract 
debts, and counties and municipalities shall not contract debts, 
during any fiscal year, to an amount exceeding two-thirds of 
the amount by which the outstanding indebtedness of the partic- 
ular county or municipality shall have been reduced during the 
next preceding fiscal year, unless the subject be submitted to a 
vote of the people of the particular county or municipality. In 
any election held in the State or in any county or municipality 
under the provisions of this section, the proposed indebtedness 
must be approved by a majority of those who shall vote thereon. 
And the General Assembly shall have no power to give or lend the 
credit of the State in aid of any person, association, or corporation 
except to aid in the completion of such railroads as may be un- 
finished at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, or in 
which the State has a direct pecuniary interest, unless the sub- 
ject be submitted to a direct vote of the people of the State, and 
be approved by a majority of those who shall vote thereon. 

Sec. 5. Property exempt from taxation. Property belonging 
to the State or to municipal corporations, shall be exempt from 
taxation. The General Assembly may exempt cemeteries and prop- 



62 North Carolina Manual, 

erty held for educational, scientific, literary, charitable, or re- 
li^-ious i)uiposes; also wearing apparel, arms for muster, house- 
hold and kitchen furniture, the mechanical and agricultural im- 
plements of mechanics and farmers; libraries and scientific 
instruments, or any other personal property, to a value not ex- 
ceeding three hundred dollars. The General Assembly may exempt 
from taxation not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) in 
value of property held and used as the place of residence of the 
owner. 

Sec. 6. Taxes levied for counties. The total of the State and 
county tax on property shall not exceed twenty cents (20c) on 
the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property, except when 
the county property tax is levied for a special purpose and with 
the special approval of the General Assembly, which may be done 
by special or general act: Provided, this limitation shall not apply 
to taxes levied for the maintenance of the public schools of the 
State for the term required by Article IX, Section 3, of the Con- 
stitution : Provided, further, the State tax shall not exceed five 
cents (5c) on the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property. 

Sec. 7. Acts levying taxes shall state objects, etc. Every act of 
the General Assembly levying a tax shall state the special object to 
which it is to be applied, and it shall be applied to no other pur- 
pose. 

ARTICLE VI 

SUFFRAGE AND ELIGIBILITY TO OFFICE 

Section 1. Who may vote. Every person born in the United 
States, and every person who has been naturalized, twenty-one years 
of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in this article, 
shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of the State, 
except as herein otherwise provided. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of vote7\ Any person who shall have re- 
sided in the State of North Carolina for one year, and in the 
precinct, ward or other election district in which such person offers 
to vote for thirty days next preceding an election, and possessing 
the other qualifications set out in this article, shall be entitled to 
vote at any election held in this State; provided, that removal from 
one precinct, ward or other election district to another in this 
State shall not operate to deprive any person of the right to vote 



GONSTITUTION 63 

in the precinct, ward or other election district from which such 
person has removed until thirty days after such removal. No 
person who has been convicted, or who has confessed his guilt in 
open court upon indictment, of any crime the punishment of which 
now is, or may hereafter be, imprisonment in the State's Prison, 
shall be permitted to vote unless the said person shall be first 
restored to citizenship in the manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. Voters to be registered. Every person offering to vote 
shall be at the time a legally registered voter as herein prescribed, 
and in the manner hereafter provided by law, and the General 
Assembly of North Carolina shall enact general registration laws 
to carry into effect the pi'ovisions of this article. 

Sec. 4. Qualification for registratioyi. Every person presenting 
himself for registration shall be able to read and write any section 
of the Constitution in the English language. But no male person 
who was, on January 1, 1867, or at any time prior thereto, entitled 
to vote under the laws of any State in the United States wherein 
he then resided, and no lineal descendant of any such person, shall 
be denied the right to register and vote at any election in this 
State by reason of his failure to possess the educational qualifica- 
tions herein prescribed: Provided, he shall have registered in ac- 
cordance with the terms of this section prior to December 1, 1908. 
The General Assembly shall provide for the registration of all 
persons entitled to vote without the educational qualifications 
herein prescribed, and shall, on or before November 1, 1908, pro- 
vide for the making of a permanent record of such registration, 
and all persons so registered shall forever thereafter have the 
right to vote in all elections by the people in this State, unless 
disqualified under section 2 of this article. 

Sec. 5. Indivisible plan; legislative intent. That this amendment 
to the Constitution is presented and adopted as one indivisible 
plan for the regulation of the suffrage, with the intent and pur- 
pose to so connect the different parts, and make them so depend- 
ent upon each other, that the whole shall stand or fall together. 

Sec. 6. Elections by people and General Assembly. All elections 
by the people shall be by ballot, and all elections by the General 
Assembly shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 7. Eligibility to office; official oath. Every voter in North 
Carolina except as in this ai'ticle disqualified, shall be eligible to 



64 North Carolina Manual 

office, but before entering upon the duties of the office, he shall 
take and subscribe the following' oath: 

"I, , do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I 

will support and maintain the Constitution and laws of the United 
States, and the Constitution and laws of North Carolina not in- 
consistent therewith, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties 
of my office as So help me, God." 

Sec. 8. Disqualification for office. The following classes of per- 
sons shall be disqualified for office: first, all persons who shall 
deny the being of Almighty God. Second, all persons who shall 
have been convicted or confessed their guilt on indictment pend- 
ing, and whether sentenced or not, or under judgment suspended, 
of any treason or felony, or of any other crime for which the 
punishment may be imprisonment in the penitentiary, since be- 
coming citizens of the United States, or of corruption or mal- 
practice in office, unless such person shall be restored to the rights 
of citizenship in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. When this chapter operative. That this amendment to 
the Constitution shall go into effect on the first day of July, nine- 
teen hundred and two, if a majority of votes cast at the next 
general election shall be cast in favor of this suffrage amendment. 

ARTICLE VII 
municipal corporations 

Section 1. County officers. In each county there shall be elected 
biennially by the qualified voters thereof, as provided for the elec- 
tion of members of the General Assembly, the following officers: 
A treasurer, register of deeds, surveyor, and five commissioners. 
(Under authority of the Public Laws of 1935, c. 362, s. 13, pro- 
vision was made for the quadrennial election of registers of deeds, 
certain counties being exempted.) 

Sec. 2. Duty of county commissioners. It shall be the duty of 
the commissioners to exercise a general supervision and control 
of the penal and charitable institutions, schools, roads, bridges, 
levying of taxes, and finances of the county, as may be prescribed 
by law. The register of deeds shall be ex officio clerk of the board 
of commissioners. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. It shall be the 
duty of the commissioners first elected in each county to divide 



Constitution 66 

the same into convenient districts, to determine the boundaries and 
prescribe the name of the said districts, and to report the same 
to the General Assembly before the first day of January, 1869. 

Sec 4. Townships have corporate powers. Upon the approval 
of the reports provided for in the foregoing section by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, the said districts shall have corporate powers for 
the necessary purposes of local government, and shall be known 
as townships. 

Sec. 5. Officers of townships. In each township there shall be 
biennially elected, by the qualified voters thereof, a clerk and two 
justices of the peace, who shall constitute a board of trustees, 
and shall, under the supervision of the county commissioners, have 
control of the taxes and finances, roads and bridges of the town- 
ships, as may be prescribed by law. The General Assembly may 
provide for the election of a larger number of justices of the peace 
in cities and towns, and in those townships in which cities and 
towns are situated. In every township there shall also be biennially 
elected a school committee, consisting of three persons, whose duty 
shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 6. Trustees shall assess property. The township board of 
trustees shall assess the taxable property of their townships and 
and make return to the county commissioners for revision, as may 
be prescribed by law. The clerk shall be, ex officio, treasurer of 
the township. 

Sec. 7. No debt or loan except by a majority of voters. No 
county, city, town, or other municipal corporation shall contract 
any debt, pledge its faith or loan its credit, nor shall any tax 
be levied or collected by any officers of the same except for the 
necessary expenses thereof, unless approved by a majority of 
those who shall vote thereon in any election held for such pur- 
pose. 

Sec. 8. No money drawn except by law. No money shall be 
drawn from any county or township treasury, except by authority 
of law. 

Sec. 9. When officers enter on duty. The county officers first 
elected under the provisions of this article shall enter upon their 
duties ten days after the approval of this Constitution by the 
Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 10. Governor to appoint justices. The Governor shall 
appoint a sufficient number of justices of the peace in each county, 



66 North Carolina Manual 

who shall hold their places until sections four, five, and six of 
this article shall have been carried into effect. 

Sec. 11. Charters to remain in force until legally changed. All 
charters, ordinances, and provisions relating: to municipal cor- 
porations shall remain in force until legally changed, unless in- 
consistent with the provisions of this Constitution. 

Sec. 12. Debts in aid of the rebellion not to be paid. No county, 
city, town, or other municipal corporation shall assume or pay, 
nor shall any tax be levied or collected for the payment of any 
debt, or the interest upon any debt, contracted directly or indirectly 
in aid or support of the rebellion. 

Sec. 13. Poivers of General Assembly over municipal corpora- 
tions. The General Assembly shall have full power by statute to 
modify, change, or abrogate any and all of the provisions of this 
article, and substitute others in their place, except sections seven, 
nine and thirteen. 

ARTICLE VIII 

CORPORATIONS OTHER THAN MUNICIPAL 

Section 1. Corporations under general laws. No corporation 
shall be created, nor shall its charter be extended, altered, or 
amended by special act, except corporations for charitable, educa- 
tional, penal, or reformatory purposes that are to be and remain 
under the patronage and control of the State; but the General 
Assembly shall provide by general laws for the chartering and 
organization of all corporations, and for amending, extending, and 
forfeiture of ail charters, except those above permitted by special 
act. All such general laws and special acts may be altered from 
time to time or repealed; and the General Assembly may at any 
time by special act repeal the charter of any corporation. 

Sec. 2. Debts of corporations, hoiv secured. Dues from cor- 
porations shall be secured by such individual liabilities of the cor- 
porations, and other means, as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. What corporations shall include. The term "corporation" 
as used in this article, shall be construed to include all associa- 
tions and joint-stock companies having any of the powers and 
privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or part- 
nerships. And all corporations shall have the right to sue, and 
shall be subject to be sued, in all courts, in like cases as natural 
persons. 



Constitution 67 

Sec. 4. Legislature to 'provide for organizing cities, towns, 
etc. It shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide by general 
laws for the organization of cities, towns, and incorporated vil- 
lages, and to restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrow- 
ing money, contracting debts, and loaning their credit, so as to 
prevent abuses in assessment and in contracting debts by such 
municipal corporations. 

ARTICLE IX 

EDUCATION 

Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. Religion, morality, 
and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happi- 
ness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever 
be encouraged. 

Sec. 2. General Assembly shall provide for schools; separation 
of the races. The General Assembly, at its first session under this 
Constitution, shall provide by taxation and otherwise for a general 
and uniform system of public schools, wherein tuition shall be 
free of charge to all the children of the State between the ages of 
six and twenty-one years. And the children of the white race and 
the children of the colored race shall be taught in separate public 
schools; but there shall be no discrimination in favor of, or to the 
prejudice of, either race. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. Each county of the 
State shall be divided into a convenient number of districts, in 
which one or more public schools shall be maintained at least six 
months in every year; and if the commissioners of any county 
shall fail to comply with the aforesaid requirements of this sec- 
tion, they shall be liable to indictment. 

Sec. 4. What property devoted to educational purposes. The 
proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted 
by the United States to this State, and not otherwise appropriated 
by this State or the United States; also all moneys, stocks, bonds, 
and other property now belonging to any State fund for purposes 
of education; also the net proceeds of all sales of the swamp lands 
belonging to the State, and all other grants, gifts or devises that 
have been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not other- 
wise appropriated by the State, or by the terms of the grant, gift 



68 North Carolina Manual 

or devise, shall be paid into the State Treasury, and, together with 
so much of the ordinary revenue of the State as may be by law 
set apart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated for 
establishing^ and maintaining in this State a system of free pub- 
lic schools, and for no other uses or purposes whatsoever. 

Sec. 5. County school fund; proviso. All money, stocks, bonds, 
and other property belonging to a county school fund; also the 
net proceeds from the sale of estrays; also the clear proceeds of 
all penalties and forfeitures and of all fines collected in the several 
counties for any breach of the penal or military laws of the State; 
and all moneys which shall be paid by persons as an equivalent for 
exemption from military duty shall belong to and remain in the 
several counties, and shall be faithfully appropriated for estab- 
lishing and maintaining free public schools in the several coun- 
ties of this State: Provided, that the amount collected in each 
county shall be annually reported to the Superintendent of Public 
Instruction. 

Sec. 6. Election of trustees, and provisions for maintenance, of 
the University. The General Assembly shall have power to pro- 
vide for the election of trustees of the University of North Caro- 
lina, in whom, when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, 
rights, franchises and endowments thereof in any wise granted to 
or conferred upon the trustees of said University; and the Gen- 
eral Assembly may make such provisions, laws, and regulations 
from time to time, as may be necessary and expedient for the 
maintenance and management of said University. 

Sec. 7, Benefits of the University. The General Assembly shall 
provide that the benefits of the University, as far as practicable, 
be extended to the youth of the State free of expense for tuition; 
also, that all the property which has heretofore accrued to the 
State, or shall hereafter accrue, from escheats, unclaimed divi- 
dends, or distributive shares of the estates of deceased persons, 
shall be appropriated to the use of the University. 

Sec. 8. State Board of Education. The general supervision and 
administration of the free public school system, and of the edu- 
cational funds provided for the support thereof, except those 
mentioned in Section five of this Article, shall, from and after 
the first day of April, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five, 
be vested in the State Board of Education to consist of the Lieu- 
tenant-Governor, State Treasurer, the Superintendent of Public 



Constitution 69 

Instruction, and ten members to be appointed by the Governor, 
subject to confirmation by the General Assembly in joint session. 
The General Assembly shall divide the State into eight educational 
districts, which may be altered from time to time by the General 
Assembly. Of the appointive members of the State Board of Edu- 
cation, one shall be appointed from each of the eight educational 
districts, and two shall be appointed as members at large. The first 
appointments under this section shall be: Two members appointed 
from educational districts for terms of two years; two members 
appointed from educational districts for terms of four years; two 
members appointed from educational districts for terms of six 
years; and two members appointed from educational districts for 
terms of eight years. One member at large shall be appointed 
for a period of four years and one member at large shall be 
appointed for a period of eight years. All subsequent appoint- 
ments shall be for terms of eight years. Any appointments to fill 
vacancies shall be made by the Governor for the unexpired term, 
which appointments shall not be subject to confirmation. The 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be the adminis- 
trative head of the public school system and shall be secretary of 
the board. The board shall elect a chairman and vice-chairman. A 
majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the trans- 
action of business. The per diem and expenses of the appointive 
members shall be provided by Ihe General Assembly. 

Sec. 9. Powers and duties of the board. The State Board of 
Education shall succeed to all the powers and trusts of the Presi- 
dent and Directors of The Literary Fund of North Carolina and 
the State Board of Education as heretofore constituted. The State 
Board of Education shall have power to divide the State into a 
convenient number of school districts; to regulate the grade, salary 
and qualifications of teachers, to provide for the selection and 
adoption of the textbooks to be used in the public schools; to 
apportion and equalize the public school funds over the State; 
and generally to supervise and administer the free public school 
system of the State and make all needful rules and regulations 
in relation thereto. All the powers enumerated in this section shall 
be exercised in conformity with this Constitution and subject to 
such laws as may be enacted from time to time by the General 
Assembly. 



70 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 10. Agriciilfio-al departwenf. As soon as practicable after 
the adoption of this Constitution, the General Assembly shall 
establish and maintain, in connection with the University, a de- 
partment of agriculture, of mechanics, of mining-, and of norrjial 
instruction. 

Sec. 11. Children must attend school. The General Assembly is 
hereby empowered to enact that every child, of sufficient mental 
and physical ability, shall attend the public schools during the 
period between the ages of six and eighteen years, for a term of 
not less than sixteen months, unless educated by other means. 

Sec. 12. Education expense grants and local option. Notwith- 
standing any other provision of this Constitution, the General 
Assembly may provide for payment of education expense grants 
from any State or local public funds for the private education of 
any child for whom no public school is available or for the private 
education of a child who is assigned against the wishes of his 
parent, or the person having control of such child, to a public 
school attended by a child of another race. A grant shall be avail- 
able only for education in a nonsectarian school, and in the case 
of a child assigned to a public school attended by a child of another 
race, a grant shall, in addition, be available only when it is not 
reasonable and practicable to reassign such child to a public 
school not attended by a child of another race. 

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the 
General Assembly may provide for a uniform system of local 
option whereby any local option unit, as defined by the General 
Assembly, may choose by a majority vote of the qualified voters 
in the unit who vote on the question to suspend or to authorize the 
suspension of the operation of one or more or all of the public 
schools in that unit. 

No action taken pursuant to the authority of this Section shall 
in any manner aff"ect the obligation of the State or any political 
subdivision or agency thereof with respect to any indebtedness 
heretofore or hereafter created. 

ARTICLE X 

homesteads and exemptions 
Section 1. Exemptions of personal ])roperty. The personal prop- 
erty of any resident of this State, to the value of five hundred 
dollars, to be selected by such resident, shall be and is hereby 



Constitution 71 

exempted from sale under execution or other final process of any 
court, issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Homestead. Every homestead, and the dwellings and 
buildings used therewith, not exceeding in value one thousand 
dollars, to be selected by the owner thereof, or in lieu thereof, 
at the option of the owner, any lot in a city, town or village with 
the dwellings and buildings used thereon, owned and occupied by 
any resident of this State, and not exceeding the value of one 
thousand dollars, shall be exempt from sale under execution or 
other final process obtained on any debt. But no property shall be 
exempt from sale for taxes, or for payment of obligations con- 
tracted for the purchase of said premises. 

Sec. 3. Homestead exemption from debt. The homestead, after 
the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment 
of any debt during the minority of his children, or any of them. 

Sec. 4. Laborer's lien. The provisions of sections one and two 
of this article shall not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's 
lien for work done and performed for the person claiming such 
exemption, or a mechanic's lien for work done on the pi'emises. 

Sec. 5. Benefit of ividoiv. If the owner of a homestead die, 
leaving a widow but no children, the same shall be exempt from 
the debts of her husband, and the rents and profits thereof shall 
inure to her benefit during her widowhood, unless she be the ownei 
of a homestead in her own right. 

Sec. 6. Property of married women secured to them. The real 
and personal property of any female in this State acquired before 
marriage, and all pi'operty, real and personal, to which she may, 
after marriage, become in any manner entitled, shall be and re- 
main the sole and separate estate and property of such female, 
and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations, or engagements of 
her husband, and may be devised and bequeathed, and, with the 
written assent of her husband, conveyed by her as if she were 
unmarried. Every married woman may exercise powers of attorney 
conferred upon her by her husband, including the power to execute 
and acknowledge deeds to property owned by her or by herself 
and her husband or by her husband. 

Sec. 7. Husband may insure his life for the benefit of wife and 
children. The husband may insure his own life for the sole use 
and benefit of his wife and children, and in case of the death 
of the husband the amount thus insured shall be paid over to the 



72 North Carolina Manual 

wifo aiui fhihlien, or to the guardian, if under age, for her or 
their own use, free fiom all claims of the representatives of her 
husband, or any of his creditors. And the policy shall not be sub- 
ject to claims of creditors of the insured during the life of the 
insured, if the insurance issued is for the sole use and benefit of 
the wife and/or childi-en. 

Sec. 8. How deed for homestead may he made. Nothing con- 
tained in the foregoing sections of this article shall operate to 
prevent the owner of a homestead from disposing of the same by 
deed; but no deed made by the owner of a homestead shall be 
valid without the signature and acknowledgment of his wife. 

ARTICLE XI 

PUNISHMENTS, PENAL INSTITUTIONS, AND PUBLIC CHARITIES 

Section 1. Punishments; convict labor; proviso. The following 
punishments only shall be known to the laws of this State, viz: 
death, imprisonment with or without hard labor, fines, removal 
from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of 
honor, trust, or profit under this State. The foregoing provision 
for imprisonment with hard labor shall be construed to authorize 
the employment of such convict labor on public works or high- 
ways, or other labor for public benefit, and the farming out 
thereof, where and in such manner as may be provided by law; 
but no convict shall be farmed out who has been sentenced on a 
charge of murder, manslaughter, rape, attempt to commit rape, 
or arson : Provided, that no convict whose labor may be farmed 
out shall be punished for any failure of duty as a laborer, except 
by a responsible officer of the State; but the convicts so farmed 
out shall be at all times under the supervision and control, as to 
their government and discipline, of the penitentiary board or 
some officer of this State. 

Sec. 2. Death jmnishment. The object of punishments being 
not only to satisfy justice, but also to reform the offender, and 
thus prevent crime, murder, arson, burglary, and rape, and these 
only, may be punishable with death, if the General Assembly shall 
so enact. 

Sec. 3. Penitentiary. The General Assembly shall, at its first 
meeting, make provision for the erection and conduct of a State's 
prison or penitentiary at some central and accessible point within 
the State. 



Constitution 73 

Sec. 4. Hotises of correction. The General Assembly may pro- 
vide for the erection of houses of correction, where vagrants and 
persons guilty of misdemeanors shall be restrained and usefully 
employed. 

Sec. 5. Houses of refuge. A house or houses of refuge may be 
established whenever the public interests may require it, for the 
correction and instruction of other classes of offenders. 

Sec. 6. The sexes are to be separated. It shall be required, by 
competent legislation, that the structure and superintendence of 
penal institutions of the State, the county jails, and city police 
prisons secure the health and comfort of the prisoners and that 
male and female prisoners be never confined in the same room or 
cell. 

Sec. 7. Provision for the poor and orphans. Beneficient provi- 
sions for the poor, the unfortunate and orphan, being one of the 
first duties of a civilized and Christian state, the General Assem- 
bly shall, at its first session, appoint and define the duties of a 
board of public charities, to whom shall be entrusted the super- 
vision of all charitable and penal State institutions, and who shall 
annually report to the Governor upon their condition, with sug- 
gestions for their improvement. 

Sec. 8. Orphan houses. There shall also, as soon as practicable, 
be measures devised by the State for the establishment of one 
or more orphan houses, where destitute orphans may be cared 
for, educated, and taught some business or trade. 

Sec. 9. Inebriates and idiots. It shall be the duty of the Legis- 
lature, as soon as practicable, to devise means for the education 
of idiots and inebriates. 

Sec. 10. Deaf-mutes, blind, and insane. The General Assembly 
may provide that the indigent deaf-mute, blind, and insane of the 
State shall be cared for at the charge of the State. 

Sec. 11. Self-supporting. It shall be steadily kept in view by 
the Legislature and the Board of Public Charities that all penal 
and charitable institutions should be made as nearly self-support- 
ing as is consistent with the purposes of their creation. 

ARTICLE XII 

MILITIA 

Section 1. Who are liable to militia duty. All able-bodied 
male citizens of the State of North Carolina, between the ages of 



74 North Carolina Manual 

twenty-one and forty years, who are citizens of the United States, 
shall be liable to duty in the militia: Provided, that all persons 
wlio may be averse to bearing arms, from religious scruples, shall 
be exempt therefrom. 

Sec. 2. Organizing, etc. The General Assembly shall provide for 
the organizing, arming, equipping, and discipline of the militia, 
and for paying the same, when called into active service. 

Sec. 3. Governor commander-in-chief. The Governor shall be 
commander-in-chief, and shall have power to call out the militia 
to execute the law, suppress riots or insurrections, and to repel 
invasion. 

Sec. 4. E.vemptions. The General Assembly shall have power to 
make such exemptions as may be deemed necessary, and to enact 
laws that may be expedient for the government of the militia. 

ARTICLE XIII 

amendments 

Section 1. Convention, how called. No convention of the people 
of this State shall ever be called by the General Assembly unless 
by the concurrence of two-thirds of all of the members of each 
House of the General Assembly, and except the proposition, con- 
vention or no convention, be first submitted to the qualified voters 
of the whole State, at the next general election, in a manner to 
be prescribed by law. And should a majority of the votes cast be 
in favor of said convention, it shall assemble on such day as may 
be prescribed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 2. Hoiv the Constitution may be altered. No part of the 
Constitution of this State shall be altered unless a bill to alter 
the same shall have been agreed to by three-fifths of each House 
of the General Assembly. And the amendment or amendments so 
agreed to shall be submitted at the next general election to the 
qualified voters of the whole State, in such manner as may be 
prescribed by law. And in the event of their adoption by a 
majority of the votes cast, such amendment or amendments shall 
become a part of the Constitution of this State. 

ARTICLE XIV 

miscellaneous 
Section 1. Indictments. All indictments which shall have been 
found, or may hereafter be found, for any crime or offense com- 



Constitution 75 

mitted before this Constitution takes effect, may be proceeded upon 
in the proper courts, but no punishment shall be inflicted which is 
forbidden by this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. No person who shall hereafter 
fight a duel, or assist in the same as a second, or send, accept, or 
knowingly carry a challenge therefor, or agree to go out of the 
State to fight a duel, shall hold any office in this State. 

Sec. 3. Drcnving money. No money shall be drawn from the 
Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and 
an accurate account of the receipts and expenditures of the 
public money shall be annually published. 

Sec. 4. Mechanic's lien. The General Assembly shall provide, by 
proper legislation, for giving to mechanics and laborers an ade- 
quate lien on the subject-matter of their labor. 

Sec. 5. Gov€)-)ior to make appointments. In the absence of any 
contrary pi'ovision, all officers of this State, whether heretofore 
elected or appointed by the Governor, shall hold their positions 
only until other appointments are made by the Governor, or, if 
the oflficers are elective, until their successors shall have been 
chosen and duly qualified according to the provisions of this 
Constitution. 

Sec. 6. Seat of government. The seat of government in this 
State shall remain at the city of Raleigh. 

Sec. 7. Holding office. No person who shall hold any office or 
place of trust or profit under the United States, or any depart- 
ment thereof, or under this State, or under any other state or 
government, shall hold or exercise any other office or place of 
trust or profit under the authority of this State, or be eligible to 
a seat in either House of the General Assembly: Provided, that 
nothing herein contained shall extend to officers in the militia, 
notaries public, justices of the peace, commissioners of public 
charities, or commissioners for special purposes. 

Sec. 8. Intermarriage of whites and Negroes prohibited. All 
marriages between a white person and a Negro, or between a 
white person and a person of Negro descent to the third genera- 
tion, inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited. 




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THE AMERICAN'S CREED 

I believe in the United States of America, as a government of 
the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are 
derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a re- 
public; a sovereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect 
union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of 
freedom, equality, justice and humanity for which American 
patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it 
is my duty to my country to love it, to support its constitution, 
to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all 
enemies. 

(The American's Creed by William Tyler Page was adopted 
by an act of Congress, April 6, 1918.) 

THE AMERICAN FLAG, ITS ORIGIN 

In 1775, the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse carried a stand- 
ard with thirteen alternate blue and silver stripes in the upper 
left-hand corner. At Cambridge on January 2, 1776, Washington 
without authorization of the Continental Congress, raised a flag 
consisting of thirteen alternate white and red stripes with the 
crosses of St. George and St. Andrew in a blue field in the upper 
left-hand corner. It was called the "Union Flag," "Grand Union 
Flag," and the "Continental Flag," and was employed until dis- 
placed by the Stars and Stripes adopted by the Continental Con- 
gress. 

The beautiful tradition that Betsy Ross, as early as June 1776, 
made a Stars and Stripes flag from a pencil sketch supplied by 
Washington but changed the points of the stars from six to five, 
has become a classic. Historians doubt its accuracy. Half a dozen 
localities claim to have been the place where the Stars and Stripes 
was first used. Within New York State such contention has been 
for Fort Ann on July 8, Fort Stanwix on August 3, Bennington 
on August 13, and Saratoga on September 19, 1777. The flag with 
thirteen stripes and thirteen stars, authorized on June 14, 1777, 
continued to be used as the national emblem until Congress passed 
the following act, which President Washington signed : 

"That from and after May 1, 1795, the flag of the United States 
be fifteen stripes, alternate red and white; and that the union be 
fifteen stars, white in a blue field." 

79 



80 North Carolina Manual 

This action was necessitated by the admission of the States of 
Vermont and Kentucky to the Union. 

The tiaii of 1795 had the stars ari'ang-ed in three rows of five 
each instead of in a circle, and served for 23 years. 

With the admission of more new states, however, it became 
apparent that the 1795 flag would have to be further modified; 
hence in 1818 a law w-as passed by Congress providing: 

"That from and after the fourth day of July next, the flag 
of the United States be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red 
and white; that the union have twenty stars, white in a blue field. 

"That on the admission of every new state into the Union, one 
star be added to the union of the flag; and that such addition 
shall take eff"ect on the Fourth of July next succeeding such 
admission." 

Since 1818 additional stars have been added until today there 
are 48 on the flag. No law has been passed to designate how the 
stars shall be ari'anged. At one time they formed a design of a 
lai'ger star. Now by common practice they form six rows of eight 
stars each. 

Betsy Rcss, it is now said, lived at 233 Arch Street, Philadelphia, 
and not at 239. She made flags, but says Theodore D. Gottlieb, 
she never made the first Stars and Stripes. He adds: "The Depart- 
ment of State, the War and Navy departments, the Historical Sites 
Commission of Philadelphia and other official bodies repudiate the 
legend. The book and pamphlet material available is overwhelm- 
ingly against the legend. 

"The story arose for the first time on March 14, 1870, when 
William J. Canby read a paper before the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society in which he states that in 1836, when his grandmother, 
Betsy Ross, was 84 years old and he was 11, she told him the 
story. He apparently thought little of it because nothing was done 
until 1857, when at the suggestion of his Aunt Clarissa, oldest 
daughter of Betsy, he wrote out the notes as he remembered the 
conversation. 

"Nothing further was done until 1870 when he wrote his paper. 
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania thought so little of the 
paper it neither catalogued nor kept a copy of it. Even George 
Canby, younger brother of William, disputed several points in the 
paper. 



The American Flag 81 

"The legend grew to strength from 1888 to 1893 when pro- 
moters secured an option on the so-called Flag House. 

"Modern historical researchers are giving much thought to 
Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey as the possible designer and 
the Fillmore or Bennington flag as the first flag." 

The Proper Display of the American Flag 

Sec. 2. (a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only 
from sunrise to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs 
in the open. However, the flag may be displayed at night upon 
special occasions when it is desired to produce a patriotic effect. 

(b. The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously. 

(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather 
is inclement. 

(d) The flag should be displayed on all days when the weather 
permits, especially on New Year's Day, January 1 ; Inauguration 
Day, January 20; Lincoln's Birthday, February 12; Washington's 
Birthday, February 22; Army Day, April 6; Easter Sunday (var- 
iable) ; Mother's Day, second Sunday in May; Memorial Day 
(half staff" until noon), May 30; Flag Day, June 14; Independence 
Day, July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Constitution 
Day, September 17; Columbus Day, October 12; Navy Day, Octo- 
ber 27; Armistice Day, November 11; Thanksgiving Day, fourth 
Thursday in November; Christmas Day, December 25; such other 
days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States; 
the birthdays of States (dates of admission) ; and on State holi- 
days. 

(e) The flag should be displayed daily, weather permitting, on or 
near the main administration building of every public institution. 

(f) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place 
on election days. 

(g) The flag should be displayed during school days in or near 
every schoolhouse. 

Sec. 3. That the flag, when carried in a procession with another 
flag or flags, should be either on the marching right; that is, the 
flag's own right, or, if there is a line of other flags, in front of 
the center of that line. 

(a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade 
except from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i). 



82 North Carolina Manual 

(b) The flas should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, or 
back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag 
is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to the 
chassis or clamped to the radiator cap. 

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on 
the same level, to the right of the flag of the United States of 
America, except during church services conducted by naval chap- 
lains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above the 
flag during church services for the personnel of the Navy. 

(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is dis- 
played with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should 
be on the right, the flag's own right, and its staff should be in 
front of the staff of the other flag. 

(e) The flag of the United States of America should be at the 
center and at the highest point of the group when a number of 
flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped 
and displayed from staffs. 

(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of 
societies are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United 
States, the latter should always be at the peak. When the flags 
are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should 
be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag or pennant may 
be placed above the flag of the United States or to the right of 
the flag of the United States. 

(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are 
to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags 
should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids 
the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation 
in time of peace. 

(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a stafl" 
projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, bal- 
cony, or front of a building, the union of the flag should be placed 
at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff. When the 
flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending from a 
house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should be 
hoisted out, union fiist, from the building. 

(i) When the flag is displayed otherwise than by being flown 
from a staff, it should be displayed flat, whether indoors or out. 
When displayed either horizontally or vertically against a wall, 
the union should be uppermost and to the flag's own right; that 



The American Flag 83 

is, to the observer's left. When displayed in a window, the flag 
should be displayed in the same way; that is, with the union or 
blue field to the left of the observer in the street. 

(j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it 
should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an 
east and west street or to the east in the north and south street. 

(k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed 
flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When dis- 
played from a staff in a church or public auditorium, if it is dis- 
played in the chancel of a church, or on the speaker's platform 
in a public auditorium, the flag should occupy the position of honor 
r.nd be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's right as he faces the 
congregation or audience. Any other flag so displayed in the chancel 
cr on the platform should be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's 
left as he faces the congregation or audience. But when the flag 
is displayed from a staff in a church or public auditorium else- 
where than in the chancel or on the platform it shall be placed 
in the position of honor at the right of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. Any other flag so dis- 
played should be placed on the left of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. 

(1) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony 
of unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never be used 
as the covering for the statue cr monument. 

(m) The flag, when flown at half-staff, should be first hoisted 
to the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff posi- 
tion. The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is low- 
ered for the day. By "half-stafl"' is meant hauling the flag to one- 
half the distance between the top and bottcm of the staff. Crepe 
streamers may be affixed to spear heads or flagstaffs in a parade 
only by order of the President of the United States. 

(n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so 
placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. The 
flag should not be lowered into the grave nor allowed to touch the 
ground. 

Sec. 4. That no disrespect should be shown to the flag of the 
United States of America; the flag should not be dipped to any 
person or thing. Regimental colors, State flags, and organizations 
or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor. 



84 North Carolina Manual 

(a) The ftag should never be displayed with the union down 
save as a signal of dire distress. 

(b) The flajr should never touch anything beneath it, such as 
the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise. 

(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, bat 
always aloft and free. 

(d) The flag should never be used as drapery of any sort what- 
soever, never festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always 
allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white, and red, always ar- 
ranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red 
below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping the 
front of a platform, and for decoration in general. 

(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored 
in such a manner as will permit it to be easily torn, soiled, or 
damaged in any way. 

(f) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling. 

(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, ncr on part of 
it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, de- 
sign, picture, or drawing of any nature. 

(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, 
holding, carrying, or delivering anything. 

(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in 
any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such 
articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or other- 
wise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that is de- 
signed for temporary use and discard ; or used as any portion of a 
costume or athletic uniform. Advertising signs should not be fas- 
tened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown. 

(j) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a 
fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, 
preferably by burning. 

Sec. 5. That during the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the 
flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in a review, all 
persons present should face the flag, stand at attention, and salute. 
Those present in uniform should render the right-hand salute. 
When not in uniform, men should remove the headdress with the 
right hand holding it at the left shoulder, the hand being over 
the heart. Men without hats merely stand at attention. Women 
should salute by placing the right hand over the heart. The salute 



The American Flag 85 

to the flag in the moving column should be rendered at the momeht 
the flag passes. 

Sec. 6. That when the national anthem is played and the flag 
is not displayed, all present should stand and face toward the music. 
Those in uniform should salute at the first note of the anthem, 
retaining this position until the last note. All others stand at at- 
tention, men removing the headdress. When the flag is displayed, 
the salute to the flag should be given. 

Sec. 7. That the pledge of allegiance to the flag, "I pledge al- 
legiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the 
Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, 
with liberty and justice for all," be rendered by standing with the 
right hand over the heart: extending the right hand, palm upward, 
toward the flag at the words "to the flag" and holding this position 
until the end, when the hand drops to the side. However, civilians 
will always show full respect to the flag when the pledge is given 
by merely standing at attention, men removing the headdress. Per- 
sons in uniform shall render the military salute. 

Sec. 8. Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag 
of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, 
modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may 
be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy 
of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or 
desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set 
forth in a proclamation. 

The Pledge to the Flag 

(Taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily) 

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, 
And to the Republic for which it stands. 
One Nation under God, indivisible. 
With liberty and justice for all." 

The Pledge to the Flag, according to a report of the Historical 
Committee of the United States Flag Association (May 18, 1939), 
was written by Francis Bellamy (August 1892), a member of the 
editorial staff" of The Youth's Companion, in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. It was first repeated at the exercises in connection with 



80 North Carolina Manual 

the c'C'lehiatiDii of Columbus Day (October 12, 1892, Old Style). 
The i(le;i of this national celebration on Columbus Day was largely 
that of James B. Upham, one of the junior proprietors of The 
YoKth's Companion. 

Francis Hopkinson, a sijj-ner of the Declaration of Independence, 
was the designer of the Stars and Stripes — not Betsy Ross of 
Philadeli)hia, who made flags. He also designed the first Great 
Seal of the United States, and a number of coins and several 
items of paper currency in the early days of the Republic. 

Hopkinson, born in Philadelphia (September 21, 1737), and a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, was the first native 
American composer of a secular song, "My Days Have Been So 
Wondrous Free." He was a lawyer and later a judge in New Jersey 
and then in Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia (May 9, 1791). 
His portrait, painted by himself, hangs in the rooms of the Penn- 
sylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia. He played the organ and 
the harpsichord. 



THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON 

The Capitol building in Washington, D. C, is situated on a 
plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River and covers 
an area of 153,112 square feet, or approximately three and one- 
half acres. Its length, from north to south, is 751 feet, four inches; 
its vs'idth, including approaches, is 350 feet; and its location is 
described as being in latitude 38°53'20.4" N. and longitude 
77°00'35.7" W. from Greenwich. Its height above the base line on 
the east front to the top of the Statue of Freedom is 287 feet, 
five and one-half inches. The dome is built of iron, and the aggre- 
gate weight of material used in its construction is 8,909,200 pounds. 

The Statue of Freedom surmounting the dome is of bronze and 
weighs 14,985 pounds. It was modeled by Thomas Crawford, 
father of Francis Marion Crawford, the novelist, in Rome, and 
the plaster model shipped to this country. It was cast in bronze 
at the shops of Clark Mills, on the Bladensburg Road, near Wash- 
ington. The cost of the casting and the expenses in connection 
were $20,796.82, and the sculptor was paid $3,000 for the plaster 
model. It was erected and placed in its present position December 
2, 1863. 

The grounds have had an area of 58.8 acres, at one time a part 
of Cern Abby Manor, and at an early date were occupied by a 
subtribe of the Algonquin Indians known as the Powhatans, whose 
council house was then located at the foot of the hill. By sub- 
sequent purchase of ground at the north of the Capitol and at 
the west of the new House Office building the area of the grounds 
has been increased to 139% acres. 

The Rotunda is 97 feet 6 inches in diameter, and its height from 
the floor to the top of the canopy is 180 feet, 3 inches. 

The Senate Chamber is 113 feet, 3 inches, in length by 80 feet, 
3 inches, in width and 36 feet in height. The galleries will ac- 
commodate 682 persons. 

The Representatives' Hall is 139 feet in length by 93 feet in 
width and 36 feet in height. 

The room, until 1935 the meeting place of the Supreme Court, 
was, until 1859, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to that 
time the court occupied the room immediately beneath, now used 
as a law library. 

87 



88 North Carolina Manual 

The Capitol has a floor area of 14 acres, and 430 rooms are de- 
voted to office, committee, and storage purposes. There are 14,518 
square feet of skylights, 679 windows, and 550 doorways. 

The dome receives light through 108 windows, and from the 
architect's office to the dome there are 365 steps, one for each day 
of the year. 

The southeast cornerstone of the original building was laid Sep- 
tember 18, 1793, by President Washington, with Masonic cere- 
monies. It is constructed of sandstone from quarries on Aquia 
Creek, Va. The original designs were prepared by Dr. William 
Thornton, and the work was done under the direction of Stephen 
H. Hallet, James Hoban, George Hadfield, and B. H. Latrobe, 
architects. 

The north wing was finished in 1800 and the south wing in 1811. 
A wooden passageway connected them. On August 24, 1814, the 
interior of both wings was destroyed by fire, set by the British. 
The damage to the building was immediately repaired. 

In 1818 the central portion of the building was commenced 
under the architectural superintendence of Charles Bullfinch. The 
original building was finally completed in 1827. Its cost, including 
the grading of the grounds, alterations, and repairs, up to 1827, 
was $2,433,844.13. 

The cornerstone of the extensions was laid on the Fourth of 
July, 1851, by President Fillmore, Daniel Webster officiating as 
orator. This work was prosecuted under the architectural direction 
of Thomas U. Walter until 1865, when he resigned, and it was 
completed under the supervision of Edward Clark. The material 
used in the walls is white marble from the quarries of Lee, Mas- 
sachusetts, and that in the columns from the quarries of Cokeys- 
ville, Maryland. The House extension was first occupied for legis- 
lative purposes December 16, 1857, and the Senate January 4, 1859. 

The House office building was begun in 1905 and occupied on 
January 10, 1908; later a story on top was added. The Senate office 
building was started in 1906 and occupied on March 5, 1909. The 
House building cost, with site, $4,860,155; the Senate structure, 
$5,019,251. 

Among the paintings in the Capitol are: 

In Rotunda: Signing of the Declaration of Independence, Sur- 
render of General Burgoyne, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at 



The National Capitol 89 

Yorktown, Va., George Washington Resigning His Commission as 
Commander in Chief of the Army, all by John Trumbull. 

Baptism of Pocahontas, by John G. Chapman; Landing of Co- 
lumbus, by John Vanderlyn; Discovery of the Mississippi River 
by DeSoto, by William H. Powell; Embarkation of the Pilgrims, 
by Robert W. Weir. 

In House Wing: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, 
by Emanuel Leutze; First Reading of the Emancipation Procla- 
mation, by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. 

In Senate Wing: Battle of Lake Erie, by William H. Powell; 
Battle of Chapultepec, by James Walker. 



THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

(Unanimously Adopted in Congress, July 4, 1776, at Philadelphia) 
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for 
one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected 
them with another, and to assume among- the powers of the earth, 
the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and 
of Nature's God entitles them, a decent respect to the opinions of 
mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel 
them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident : That all men are created 
equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain in- 
alienable Rights; that among these are Life, Liberty and the pur- 
suit of Happiness. That, to secure these rights, Governments are 
instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed ; That, whenever any Form of Government becomes 
destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter 
or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such forms, 
as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happi- 
ness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long estab- 
lished should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, 
accordingly, all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more 
disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right them- 
selves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably 
the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute 
Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Gov- 
ernment, and to provide new Guards for their future security. 
Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies, and such 
is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former 
Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great 
Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all hav- 
ing in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over 
these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid 
world. 

He has refused his assent to Laws, the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

90 



Declaration of Independence 91 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and 
pressing' importance, unless suspended in their operation till his 
Assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly- 
neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of 
large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the 
right of Representation in the Legislature — a right inestimable to 
them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, un- 
comfortable and distant from the depository of their public Rec- 
ords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with 
his measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing 
with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause 
others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of 
Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exer- 
cise; the State remaining, in the meantime, exposed to all the 
dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States for 
that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreign- 
ers; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, 
and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing 
his Assent to laws for establishing Judiciary Powers. 

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure 
of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither 
swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their sub- 
stance. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace. Standing Armies with- 
out the Consent of our Legislature. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of, and 
superior to, the Civil power. 

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction 
foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; 
giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation : 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: 



92 North Carolina Manual 

For protectinjr them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any 
Murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these 
States : 

For cuttin.ir off our Trade with all parts of the world: 

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 

For depriving: us, in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by 
jury : 

For transporting: us beyond Seas, to be tried for pretended 
offenses: 

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbor- 
ing Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and 
enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an example 
and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these 
Colonies: 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable 
Laws, and altering fundamentally, the Forms of our Governments: 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves 
invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his 
Protection and waging War against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, 
and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mer- 
cenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, 
already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely 
paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the 
Head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-Citizens, taken captive on the 
high Seas, to bear Arms against their Country, to become the exe- 
cutioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by 
their Hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has en- 
deavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merci- 
less Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undis- 
tinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. 

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Re- 
dress in the most humble terms; Our repeated Petitions have been 
answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is 
thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit 
to be the ruler of a free people. 



Declaration of Independence 93 

Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren, 
We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their 
legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We 
have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and 
settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and 
magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our com- 
mon kindred to disavow these usurpations, which inevitably inter- 
rupt our connections with correspondence. They, too, have been deaf 
to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, 
acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and 
hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind — Enemies in War, in 
Peace Friends. 

We, Therefore, the Representatives of the United States of 
America, in General Congress Assembled; appealing to the Su- 
preme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, 
in the Name and by authority of the good People of these Colonies, 
solemnly publish and declare. That these United Colonies are, and 
of Right ought to be free and independent States; that they are 
Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all 
political connection between them and the State of Great Britain 
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as Free and Inde- 
pendent States, they have full power to levy War, conclude Peace, 
contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts 
and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for 
the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the pro- 
tection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other 
our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. 

John Hancock 

Button Gwinnett Edward Rutledge 

Lyman Hall Thos. Heyward, Junr. 

Geo. Walton Thomas Lynch, Junr. 

Wm. Hooper Arthur Middleton 

Joseph Hewes Samuel Chase 

John Penn Wm. Paca 

Thos. Stone Carter Braxton 



94 



North Carolina Manual 



Charles Carroll of Carrollton 

James Wilson 

Geo. Ross 

Caesar Rodney 

Geo. Reed 

Tho. M. Kean 

Will. P^loyd 

Phil. Livingston 

Frans. Lewis 

Lewis Morris 

Richd. Stockton 

Jno. Witherspoon 

Fras. Hopkinson 

John Hart 

Abra Clark 

George Wythe 

Richard Henry Lee 

Th. Jefferson 

Benja. Harrison 

Thos. Nelson, Jr. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee 



Robt. Morris 
Benjamin Rush 
Benja. Franklin 
John Morton 
Geo. Clymer 
Jas. Smith 
Geo. Taylor 
Josiah Bartlett 
Wm. Hippie 
Saml. Adams 
John Adams 
Robt. Treat Payne 
Eldridge Gerry 
Step. Hopkins 
WMlliam Ellery 
Roger Sherman 
Samuel Huntington 
Wm. Williams 
Oliver Woolcott 
Matthew Thornton 



THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

Preamble 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, pro- 
vide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do 
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 

Article I 

Section 1 — All leg'islative powers herein granted shall be vested 
in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate 
and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the several 
States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications 
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State 
Legislature. 

2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citi- 
zen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among 
the several States which may be included within this Union, ac- 
cording to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by 
adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound 
to service for a term of years and excluding Indians not taxed, 
three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be 
made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of 
Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, 
but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until 
such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire 
shall be entitled to chose 3; Massachusetts, 8; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, 1; Connecticut, 5; New York, 6; New 

95 



96 North Carolina Manual 

Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 1; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 
10; North Carolina, 5; South Carolina, 5; and Georgia, 3.* 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any State 
the Executive Authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill 
such vacancies. 

5. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and 
other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Sec. 3 — 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature there- 
of for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.t 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence 
of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into 
three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be 
vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class 
at the expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year, and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, 
during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting 
of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies. f 

3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United 
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that 
State for which he shall be chosen. 

4. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of 
the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. 

5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a Presi- 
dent pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he 
shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. 

6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. 
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. 
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice 
shall preside; and no person shall be convicted without the con- 
currence of two-thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment in cases of impeacement shall not extend further 
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy 
any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States; but 



♦See Article XIV, Amendments. 
tSee Article XVII, Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 97 

the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to 
indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

Sec. 4 — 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections 
for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State 
by the Legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by 
law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of 
choosing Senators. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. 5 — 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, re- 
turns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller num- 
ber may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under 
such panalties as each House may provide. 

2. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, pun- 
ish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concur- 
rence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from 
time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in 
their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the 
members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of 
one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. 

4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without 
the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor 
to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be 
sitting. 

Sec. 6. — 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a 
compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid 
out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, 
except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective 
Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for 
any speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned 
in any other place. 

2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the 
authority of the United States which shall have been created, or 



98 North Carolina Manual 

the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such 
time; and no jiiMson holding any office under the United States 
shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office. 
Sec. 7 — 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representa- 
tives and the Senate shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the President of the United States; if he approves, he shall 
sign it, hut if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that 
House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objec- 
tions at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If 
after such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to 
pass the bill, it shall be sent together with the objections, to the 
other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if 
approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But 
in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House re- 
spectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within 
ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, 
unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in 
which case it shall not be a law. 

3. Every order, resolution, or vcte to which the concurrence of 
the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (ex- 
cept on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the Presi- 
dent of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, 
shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be 
repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, 
according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a 
bill. 

Sec. 8. The Congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the 
debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of 
the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be 
uniform throughout the United States; 

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the 
several States, and with the Indian tribes; 



Constitution of the United States 99 

4. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform 
laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities 
and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish postoffices and postroads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securi- 
ing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive 
right to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court. 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the 
high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money 
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and discipling the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed 
in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respec- 
tively the appointment of the officers and the authority of training 
the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over 
such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may by cession 
of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the 
seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like 
authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legisla- 
ture of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection off 
forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful build- 
ings; — and 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers 
vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, 
or in any department or officer thereof. 



100 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 9 1. The nii.u:ration or importation of such persons as any 

of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be 
prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight 
hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such 
importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be sus- 
pended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public 
safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to 
be taken.* 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 

State. 

6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce 
or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; nor 
shall vessels bound to, or from, one State be obliged to enter, clear, 
or pay duties in another. 

7. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in conse- 
quence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement 
and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money 
shall be published from time to time. 

8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, 
shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, 
emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, 
prince, or foreign state. 

Sec. 10 — 1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; 
emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a ten- 
der in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder; ex post facto 
law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any 
title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports except what may be abso- 
lutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net pro- 
duce of all duties and imposts, laid by any State on imports or 



*See Article XVI, Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 101 

exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; 
and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of 
the Cong'ress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty 
of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter 
into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a 
foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in 
such imminent danger as will not admit delay. 

Article II 

Section 1 — 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a Presi- 
dent of the United States of America. He shall hold his office 
during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice Presi- 
dent, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature 
thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole num- 
ber of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be 
entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative or 
person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States 
shall be appointed an elector. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote 
by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an 
inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make 
a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for 
each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, 
to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to 
the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The per- 
son having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if 
such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, 
and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representa- 
tives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; 
and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on 
the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. 
But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, 
the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum, 
for this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two- 



102 North Carolina Manual 

thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be 
necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the Presi- 
dent, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors 
shall be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by 
ballot the Vice President.* 

4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the elec- 
tors and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day 
shall be the same throughout the United States. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the 
United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, 
shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any per- 
son be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the 
age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident within 
the United States. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his 
death, resignation or inability to discharge the powers and duties 
of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, 
and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, 
death, resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice 
President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and 
such officer shall act accordingly until the disability be removed, 
or a President shall be elected. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a 
compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished dur- 
ing the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall 
not receive within that period any other emolument from the 
United States, or any of them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall take 
the following oath or affirmation : 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute 
the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best 
of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of 
the United States." 

Sec. 2—1. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the 
Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into the actual service of the United 
States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal 



•This clause is superseded by Article XII, Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 103 

officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject re- 
lating to the duties of their respective offices; and he shall have 
power to grant reprieves, and pardons for offenses against the 
United States, except in cases of impeachment. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators 
present concur; and he shall nominate and, by and with the advice 
and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public 
ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other 
officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein 
otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but 
the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers as they think proper in the President alone, in the courts 
of law, or in the heads of departments. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that 
may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commis- 
sions which shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3 — He shall from time to time give to the Congress infor- 
mation of the State of the Union, and recommend to their consid- 
eration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; 
he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either 
of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to 
the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he 
shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public 
ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, 
and shall commission all the officers of the United States. 

Sec. 4 — The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of 
the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and 
misdemeanors. 

Article III 

Section 1 — The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the 
Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, 
both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices 
during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their 
services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their 
continuance in office. 



104 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 2 — 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law 
and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United 
States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their 
authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime juris- 
diction; — to controversies to which the United States shall be a 
party; — to controversies between two or more States; — between 
a State and citizens of another State; — between citizens of differ- 
ent States; — between citizens of the same State, claiming lands 
under grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and 
consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme 
Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before 
mentioned the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, 
both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such 
regulations as the Congress shall make. 

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall 
be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State where the said 
crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within 
any State the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress 
may by law have directed. 

Sec. 3 — 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giv- 
ing them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or 
on confession in open court. 

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of 
treason ; but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, 
or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. 

Article IV 

Section 1— Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to 
the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the man- 
ner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, 
and the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2—1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



Constitution of the United States 105 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other 
crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, 
shall, on demand of the Executive authority of the State from 
which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having 
jurisdiction of the crime. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any 
law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, 
but shall be delivered upon claim of the party to whom such 
service or labor may be due. 

Sec. 3 — 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into 
this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the 
jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the 
junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the con- 
sent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the 
Congress. 

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other 
property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Con- 
stitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the 
United States or of any particular State. 

Sec. 4 — The United States shall guarantee to every State in 
this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion, and, on application of the Legis- 
lature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be con- 
vened), against domestic violence. 

Article V 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it 
necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on 
the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several 
States, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, 
in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part 
of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three- 
fourths of the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths 
thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall 
in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the Ninth 



106 North Carolina Manual 

Section of the First Article; and that no State, without its con- 
sent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. 

Article VI 

1. All debts conti-acted and engagements entered into before the 
adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United 
States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. 

2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which 
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or 
which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, 
shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every 
State shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws 
of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the 
members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and 
judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several 
States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Con- 
stitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a quali- 
fication to any office or public trust under the United States. 

Article VII 

The ratification of the Convention of nine States shall be suf- 
ficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States 
so ratifying the same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States 
present the Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of Our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth. In 
witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 

GEO. WASHINGTON, President and deputy from Virginia, 
New Hampshire— John Langdon, Nicholas Oilman, Massachusetts 
—Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King, Connecticut— Wm. Saml. John- 
son, Roger Sherman, New York— Alexander Hamilton, New Jersey 
— Wil. Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Patterson, Jona. Dayton, 
Pennsylvania— B. Franklin, Robt. Morris, Thos. Fitzsimmons, 
James Wilson, Thomas Mifl^in, Geo. Clymer, Jared Ingersoll, Gouv. 
Morris, Delaware— Geo. Read, John Dickinson, Jaco. Broom, Gun- 
ning Bedford, Jr., Richard Bassett, Maryland— James McHenry, 



Constitution of the United States 107 

Danl. Carroll, Dan. of St. Thos. Jenifer, Virginia — John Blair, Jas. 
Madison, Jr., North Carolina — Wm. Blount, Hu. Williamson, Richd. 
Dobbs Spaight, South Carolina — J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, 
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler, Georgia — William 
Few, Abr. Baldwin. Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. 

The Constitution was declared in effect on the first Wednesday 
in March, 1789. 

Amendments to the Constitution of the United States 

The following amendments to the Constitution, Article I to X, 
inclusive, were proposed at the First Session of the First Congress, 
begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, March 4, 
1789, and were adopted by the necessary number of States. The 
original proposal of the ten amendments was preceded by this 
preamble and resolution : 

"The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time 
of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to 
prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further de- 
claratory and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extending 
the ground of public confidence in the Government will best insure 
the beneficient ends of its institution: 

"RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of 
both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to 
the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Con- 
stitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when 
ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all 
intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, namely": 

Amendments 

the ten original amendments 
(Sometimes called our Bill of Rights) 
(Declared in force December 15, 1791) 

Article I 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of re- 
ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the 
freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people 
peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress 
of grievances. 



108 North Carolina Manual 

Article II 

A well-reKulatod militia being necessary to the security of a free 
State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be 
infringed. 

Article III 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house 
without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a man- 
ner to be prescribed by law. 

Article IV 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, 
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, 
shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon prob- 
able cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de- 
scribing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be 
seized. 

Article V 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise in- 
famous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval foi'ces, or in the 
militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor 
shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in 
jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 

Article VI 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to 
a speedy, and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and 
district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which dis- 
trict shall have been previously ascertained by law, and be in- 
formed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted 
with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for 
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of 
counsel for his defense. 



Constitution of the United States 109 

Article VII 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall 
exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved 
and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any 
court of the United States than according to the rules of the com- 
mon law. 

Article VIII 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, 
nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

Article IX 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not 
be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 

Article X 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitu- 
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States 
respectively, or to the people. 

Article XI 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to 
extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted 
against one of the United States, by citizens of another State, or 
by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 

(Proposed to the Legislatures of the several States by the Third 
Congress on the 5th of March, 1794, and declared to have been 
ratified by Executive Proclamation, January 8, 1798.) 

Article XII 

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by 
ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall 
name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in dis- 
tinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all 
persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes 
for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit. 



110 North Carolina Manual 

sealed, to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed 
to the President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of 
electors appointed ; and if no person have such majority, then from 
the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the 
list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives 
shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing 
the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall 
consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and 
a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if 
the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, when- 
ever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March next following, then the Vice President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional dis- 
ability of the President. The person having the greatest number of 
votes as Vice President shall be the Vice President, if such number 
be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no 
person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the 
list, the Senate shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Sena- 
tors, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a 
choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of 
President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United 
States. 

(Proposed by the Eighth Congress on the 12th of December, 

1803, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, September 25, 

1804. It was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire.) 

Article XIII 

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punish- 
ment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, 
shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their 
jurisdiction. 

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appro- 
priate legislation. 



Constitution op the United States 111 

(Proposed by the Thirty-eighth Congress on the 1st of February, 
1865, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, dated December 
18, 1865. It was rejected by Delaware and Kentucky; was condi- 
tionally ratified by Alabama and Mississippi; and Texas took no 
action.) 

Article XIV 

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States 
and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of 
citizens of the United States ; nor shall any State deprive any per- 
son of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor 
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole 
number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But 
when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for 
President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives 
in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the 
members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male 
inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citi- 
zens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for 
participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representa- 
tion therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number 
of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citi- 
zens twenty-one years of age in such State. 

3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, 
or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil 
or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, 
having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as 
an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legis- 
lature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support 
the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insur- 
rection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of 
each House, remove such disability. 

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, author- 
ized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and 



112 North Carolina Manual 

bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall 
not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State 
shall assume or pay any debt or obliji:ation incurred in aid of in- 
surrection or rebellion ajrainst the United States, or any claim for 
the loss of emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions, and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate 
legislation the provisions of this article. 

(The Reconstruction Amendment, by the Thirty-ninth Congress 
on the 16th day of June, 1866, was declared ratified by the Secre- 
tary of State, July 28, 1868. The amendment got the support of 23 
Northern States; it was rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Mary- 
land, and 10 Southern States. California took no action. Later it 
was ratified by the 10 Southern States.) 

Article XV 

1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Fortieth Congress the 27th of February, 1869, 
and was declared ratified by the Secretary of State, March 30, 
1870. It was not acted on by Tennessee; it was rejected by Cali- 
fornia, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Oregon ; ratified by the 
remaining 30 States. New York rescinded its ratification January 
5, 1870. New Jersey rejected it in 1870, but ratified it in 1871.) 

Article XVI 

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on in- 
comes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment 
among the several States, and without regard to any census or 
enumeration. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-first Congress, July 12, 1909, and de- 
clared ratified February 25, 1913. The income tax amendment was 
ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsyl- 
vania, Rhode Island, Utah, and Virginia.) 



Constitution of the United States il3 

Article XVII 

1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two 
Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six 
years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electoi's in each 
State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most 
numerous branch of the State Legislatures. 

2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State 
in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue 
Merits of election to fill such vacancies; Provided, That the Legis- 
lature of any State may empower the Executive thereof to make 
temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by 
election as the Legislature may direct. 

3. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the 
election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as 
part of the Constitution. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th day of May, 
1912, and declared ratified May 31, 1913. Adopted by all the States 
except Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah and 
Virginia.) 

Article XVIII 

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manu- 
facture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the 
importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the 
United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof 
for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 

2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent 
power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures 
of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven 
years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the 
Congress. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress, December 18, 1917, and 
ratified by 36 States; was declared in effect on January 16, 1920.) 

Article XIX 
1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of sex. 



114 North Carolina Manual 

2. Congress shall have power, by appropriate legislation, to 
enforce the provisions of this article. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress. On August 26, 1920, it 
was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified (June 19, 1919 — 
August 18, 1920) by three-quarters of the States. The Tennessee 
House, August 31st, rescinded its ratification, 47 to 24.) 



Article XX 

1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at 
noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and 
Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January of the years 
in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been 
ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, un- 
less they shall by law appoint a different day. 

3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the 
President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President 
elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been 
chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if 
the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice 
President elect shall act as President until a President shall have 
qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case 
wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall 
have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the 
manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such 
person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President 
shall have qualified. 

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death 
of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives 
may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have 
devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the 
persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President when 
the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. 

5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October 
following the ratification of this article. 

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures 



Constitution op the United States 115 

of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of its submission. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, First Session. On February 6, 
1933, it was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified by thirty- 
nine states.) 



Article XXI 

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of 
the United States is hereby repealed. 

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, 
or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of 
intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby 
prohibited. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by convention in the 
several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years 
from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Con- 
gress. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, Second Session. Proclaimed 
in effect on December 5, 1933, having been ratified by thirty-six 
States. By proclamation of the same date, the President proclaimed 
that the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution was repealed 
on December 5, 1933.) 

Amendment XXII 

1. No person shall be elected to the office of the president 
more than twice, and no person who has held the office of presi- 
dent, or acted as president, for more than two years of a term 
to which some other person was elected president shall be elected 
to the office of the president more than once. But this article shall 
not apply to any person holding the office of president when this 
article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any 
person who may be holding the office of president, or acting as 
president, during the term within which this article becomes op- 
erative from holding the office of president or acting as president 
during the remainder of such term. 



116 North Carolina Manual 

2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the constitution by the legislatures 
of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of its submission to the States by the congress. 

(The Twenty-second Amendment was certified by the Adminis- 
trator of General Services on March 1, 1951, to have been rati- 
fied by three fourths of the whole number of states and to have 
become valid as a part of the Constitution of the United States.) 



PART II 
CENSUS 



POPULATION OF THE 
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Seventeenth Census of the United States: 1950 

Based on preliminary population figures, North Carolina's urban 
places continued to grow faster than rural areas between 1940 
and 1950, according to the seventeenth decennial census, issued by 
Director Roy V. Peel, of the Bureau of the Census, Department 
of Commerce. 

According to the final figures, the total urban population in- 
creased from 974,175 in 1940 to 1,368,101 in 1950, or 40.4 per cent, 
while the rural population increased from 2,597,448 in 1940 to 
2,693,828 in 1950 or an increase of 3.3 per cent. The final count 
of the Seventeenth Census for the entire state on April 1, 1950 
was 4,061,929 compared to 3,571,623 for 1940, showing an increase 
of 13.7 per cent. Urban residents accounted for 33.7 per cent of 
;he State's population in 1950 as compared with 27.3 per cent for 
1940. Rural areas in 1950 accounted for 66.3 per cent of the total 
population. The Census Bureau considers as urban areas the in- 
corporated places of 2500 or more, or unincorporated places of 
2500 or more located outside an urbanized area. The remaining 
territory is classified as rural. 

There were 30 incorporated places of 10,000 or more in 1950 
according to preliminary counts. Four of these (Albemarle, Hen- 
derson, Monroe, and Sanford) reached this size since 1940. All of 
these cities increased in population between 1940 and 1950. 

The final figures, by counties, of the 1950 census showed that 
there was a gain in population in 78 of the 100 counties. Onslow 
county, with an increase of 133.3 per cent had the most extensive 
growth, followed by Cumberland with 61.8 per cent. Craven with 
55.5 per cent. Orange with 49.2 per cent and New Hanover with 
32.1 per cent. 

The first census of North Carolina was taken in 1790, returning 
a population of 393,751. The population has shown an increase 
at every census since that time. The population passed 1,000,000 
between 1860 and 1870, 2,000,000 between 1900 and 1910, 3,000,000 
between 1920 and 1930, and 4,000,000 between 1940 and 1950. The 
present population represents a density of 77.1 inhabitants per 
£:quare mile. North Carolina's total area in square miles is 52,712. 
Land area is 49,142 square miles; water area is 3,570 square miles. 

Table 1 presents the figure for counties and for incorporated 
places of 10,000 or more, and Table 2 for incorporated places of 
less than 10,000. 

119 



120 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 1. POPULATION' OF COUNTIES AND OF INCORPORATED PLACES 
OF 10,000 OR MORE IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950 , . .... . 



County ot Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


The Statb:.. 


4,061,929 

1,368,101 

2,693,828 

33.7 

71,220 

14,554 

8,155 

26,781 

21,878 

13,352 
37,134 
26,439 
29,703 
19,238 

124,403 

45,518 

63,783 

43,352 

5,223 

23,059 
20,870 
61,794 
25,392 
18,294 

12,540 

6,006 

64,357 

50,621 

48,823 

96,006 

6,201 

5,405 

62,244 

15,420 


Counties— Con*. 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe . . ..„ . 

Forsyth 

Franklin...! 

Gaston 


41,074 
101,639 
. 51,634 
146,135 

31,341 

110,836 

9,555 

6,886 

31,793 

18,024 

191,057 
58,377 
47,605 
37,631 
30,921 

21 , 453 
15,756 
6,479 
56,303 
19,261 

65,906 
11,004 
23,522 
45,953 
27,459 

16,174 
20,522 
27,938 
25,720 
197,052 

15,143 
17,260 
33,129 
59,919 
63,272 


Counties — Cont. 
Northampton.... 

Onslow -". _ 

Orange 




Urban... 


28,4.32 


Rural 


42,047 


Per Cent Urban 


34,435 


Counties: 
Alamance 


Pamlico ; 

Pasquotank 

Pender... 

Perquimans 

Person.. 

Pitt 

Polk. 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly. 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain. 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 


9,993 

24,. 347 

18,423 


Alcxaiider. 

Alleghany 

Anson 


Gates. 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 


9,602 
24,361 
63,789 


Ashe 

Avery 


11.627 
50,804 


Beaufort _ 


Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hvde 

Iredell. 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee - 

Lenoir 

Lincoln.. 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


39,597 


Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Burke 

Cabarrus. 

Caldwell.... 

Camden. 

Carteret 

Caswell- 

Catawba 

Chatham 


87,769 
64,816 
75,410 

46,356 
49,780 
26,336 
37,180 
21,520 

45,593 
9,921 

15,194 
5,048 

42,034 


Chowan 

Clay 


.32,101 
1,36,450 


Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 

Cumberland. .. 


Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 


23,539 
13,180 
18,342 

64,267 


Currituck 


Montgomery 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 


Wilkes 


45,243 


Dare... 

Davidson 

Davie 


Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 


54,506 
22,1.33 
16,306 



Incorpobateo Places of 10,000 or More 



Albemarle 

Asheville 

Burlington 

Charlotte 

Concord 

Durham 

Elizabeth City 
Fayetteville... 

Gastonia 

Goldsboro 



11,798 
53,000 
24,560 
134,042 
16,486 

71,311 
12,685 
34,715 
23,069 
21,454 



Greensboro 
Greenville. 
Henderson. 

Hickory 

High Point 

Kinston 

Lexington . 

Monroe 

New Bern.. 
Raleigh 



74,389 
16,724 
10,996 
14,765 
39,973 

18,336 
13,571 
10,140 
15,812 
65,679 



Reidsville 

Rocky Mount.. 

Salisbury 

Sauford 

Shelby 

Statesville 

Thomasville 

Wilmington 

Wilson 

Winston-Salem 



11,708 
27,697 
20,102 
10,013 
15,508 

16,901 
11,154 
45,043 
23,010 
87,811 



Population of Cities and Towns 



121 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950 



2,500 to 10,000 



City or Town 



Ahoskie.- 

Asheboro 

Beaufort 

Belmont 

Bessemer City. 



Boone 

Brevard 

Canton 

Chapel Hill. 
Cherry ville. 



Clinton . . 
Draper... 

Dunn 

Eden ton. 
Elkin... 



Farmville 

Forest City 

Graham 

Hamlet 

Hendersonville. 



Jacksonville 

Kings Mountain. 

Laurinburg 

Leaksville 

Lenoir 



Lincoln ton.. 
Louisburg . . 
Lumberton. 

Marion 

Mooresville. 



County 



Hertford . . 
Randolph. 
Carteret.. 

Gaston 

Gaston 



Watauga 

Transylvania. 

Haywood 

Orange 

Gaston 



Sampson 

Rockingham. 

Harnett 

Chowan 

Surry 



Pitt 

Rutherford - 
Alamance. . 
Richmond.. 
Henderson.. 



Onslow 

Cleveland 

Scotland 

Rockingham. 
Caldwell-... 



Lincoln 

Franklin.. 
Robeson... 
McDowell. 
Iredell.... 



Popula- 
tion 



3,579 
7,701 
3,212 
5,330 
3,961 

2,973 
3,908 
4,906 
9,177 
3,492 

4,414 
3,629 
6,316 
4,468 
2,842 

2,942 
4,971 
5,026 
5,061 
6,103 

3,960 
7,206 
7,134 
4,045 

7,888 

5,423 
2,545 
9,186 
2,740 
7,121 



City or Town 



Morehead City... 

Morgan ton 

Mount Airy 

Mount Olive 

Newton 

North Wilkesboro 

Oxford 

Plymouth 

Roanoke Rapids.. 
Rockingham 

Roxboro 

Rutherfordton 

Scotland Neck 

Selma... 

Smithfield 

Southern Pines... 

Spencer. 

Spindale 

Tarboro 

Valdese 

Wadesboro 

Wake Forest 

Washington 

Waynesville 

Whiteville. 

Williamston 



County 



Carteret.. 

Burke 

Surry 

Wayne .. 
Catawba. 



Wilkes 

Granville 

Washington. 

Halifax 

Richmond.. 



Person 

Rutherford. 

Halifax 

Johnston... 
Johnston , . . 



Moore 

Rowan 

Rutherford . 
Edgecombe- 
Burke 



Anson 

Wake 

Beaufort.. 
Haywood.. 
Columbus. 

Martini... 



Popula- 
tion 



5,144 
8,311 
7,192 
3,732 
6,039 

4,379 
6,685 
4,486 
8,156 
3,356 

4,321 
3,146 
2,730 
2,639 
5,574 

4,272 
3,242 
3,891 
8,120 
2,730 

3,408 
3,704 
9,698 
5,295 
4,238 

4,975 



1,000 to 2,500 



Aberdeen. .. 


Moore 

Cherokee 

Harnett 

Wake 

Randolph 

Bertie 


1,603 
1,397 
1,182 
1,065 
1,218 

1,112 
2,282 
2,528 
2,102 
1,402 

1,034 
1,174 
1,145 
1,499 
1,613 


Burnsville - 

Carolina Beach 

Carrboro. 

Carthage 

Gary 


Yancey 

New Hanover... 
Orange . 


1.341 


Andrews 


1,080 
1,795 


Apex... 


Moore 

Wake 


1,194 


Archdale 


1,446 


Aulander.. . . 


Chadbourn 


Columbus 

Rowan 


2,103 




Pitt 

Beaufort 

Johnston 

Pitt 


China Grove 


1,491 




Johnston 

Harnett 

Tyrrell. ..- 


2,229 


Benson 


Coats 


1,047 


Bethel 


Columbia 


1,161 


Biscoe _ .. 


Montgomery 

Buncombe 

Cleveland 

Swain 


Conover 


Catawba 

Mecklenburg 

Gaston 


1,164 




Cornelius .- 


1,548 


Boiling Springs 

Bryson City 


Dallas 


2,454 


Davidson 


Mecklenburg 

Henderson 


2,423 


Burgaw 


Pender 


East Flat Rock 


1,285 



122 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION' OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 2,500 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950— Continued 

1,000 to 2,500— Continued 



Citv or Town 



East Lumberton. 

East Spencer 

Elizabethtown... 

Elon College 

Enfield 



Fair Bluff,. 
Fairmont-.. 

Franklin 

Franklinton. 
Fremont 



Fuquay Springs. 

Ciarner 

(laston 



Gibsonville. .. 
Granite Falls. 



Hazelwood. . 

Hertford 

Hillsboro 

Holly Ridge. 
Hope Mills.. 



Jones ville 

Kenly... 

Kernersville. 
La Grange... 
Landis 



Liberty 

Lillington. 

Littleton . . 

Longview. 
Lowell 



Madison . . . 

Maiden 

Mars Hill. . 
Marshville. 
Maxton. . 



Mayodan 

McAdenville. 

Mebane 



Mocksville 

Mount Gilead. 



County 



Robeson.. 

Rowan 

Bladen 

Alamance. 
Halifax... 



Columbus. 
Robeson... 

Macon 

Franklin.. 
Wayne 



Wake... 

Wake. 

Northampton 

Alamance 

Guilford... 

Caldwell 



Randolph. 
Harnett... 

Halifax 

Warren 

Catawba.. 
Gaston 



Rockingham 

Catawba 

Madison 

Union 

Robeson 



Rockingham. 

Gaston 

Alamance 

Orange. 

Davie 

Montgomery. 



Popula- 
tion 



Haywood 

Perquimans 

Orange 

Onslow.. 

Cumberland 



Yadkin... 
Johnston. 
Forsyth . . 

Lenoir 

Rowan... 



1,106 
2,444 
1,611 
1,109 
2,361 

1,056 
2,319 
1,975 
1,414 
1,395 

1,992 
1,180 
1,218 

[ 1,866 

2,286 

1,769 
2,096 
1,329 
1,082 
1,077 

1,768 
1,129 
2,396 
1,852 
1,827 

1,342 
1,061 

> 1,173 

2,291 
2,313 

1,789 
1,952 
1,404 
1,258 
1,974 

2,246 
1,060 

2,068 

1,909 
1,201 



City or Town 



Mount Holly 

Mount Pleasant. 

Murfreesboro 

Murphy 

Nashville 



Norwood 

Pembroke 

Pilot Mountain. 

Pinetops 

Pineville 



Pittsboro 

Raeford 

Ramseur 

Randleman.. 
Red Springs. 



Robbins 

Robersonville. 

Roseboro 

Rowland 

Saint Pauls 



SilerCity.... 

Southport 

Spring Hope- 
Spruce Pine.. 
Stanley 



Sylva 

Tabor City. 
Taylors ville. 

Troy 

Tryon 



Wallace 

Walnut Cove. 

Warrenton 

Warsaw 

Weaverville... 



Weldon 

Wendell 

Wilkesboro. 

Windsor 

Zebulon 



County 



Gaston... 
Cabarrus. 
Hertford. 
Cherokee. 
Nash 



Stanly 

Robeson 

Surry 

Edgecombe. _, 
Mecklenburg. 



Chatham.. 

Hoke 

Randolph. 
Randolph. 
Robeson.. 



Moore 

Martin 

Sampson . . 
Robeson... 
Robeson... 

Chatham.. 
Brunswick. 

Nash 

Mitchell... 
Gaston 



Jackson 

Columbus 

Alexander 

Montgomery. 
Polk 



Popula- 
tion 



Duplin 

Stokes 

Warren 

Duplin 

Buncombe. 

Halifax 

Wake 

Wilkes.... 

Bertie 

Wake 



2,241 
1,019 
2,140 
2,433 
1,302 

1,7.35 
1,212 
1,092 
1,031 
1,373 

1,094 



030 
134 
066 
245 



1,158 
1,414 
1,241 
1,293 
2,251 

2,501 
1,748 
1,275 
2,280 
1,644 

1,382 
2,033 
1,310 
2,213 
1,985 



1,622 
1,132 
1,166 
1,598 
1,111 

2,295 
1,253 
1,370 
1,781 
1,378 



Population of Cities and Towns 



123 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1^50— Continued 



Less Than 1.000 



City or Town 



Acme 

Addor 

Advance -.- 

Alexander Mills 

Ansonville 

Arapahoe 

Arlington 

Atkinson 

Atlantic 

Atlantic Beach 

Aurora 

Autryville 

Baileys 

Bakersville 

Banner Elk 

Bath... 

Battleboro | 

Bayboro 

Beargrass 

Bell Arthur 

Bennett -.. 

Bertie 

Beaulaville 

Biltmore Forest 

Black Creek 

Bladenboro 

Blowing Rock ', 

Bolivia 

Bolton 

Boonville --. 

Bostic... 

Bowdens 

Bridgeton 

Broadway 

Brookford 

Brunswick 

Bunnlevel 

Bunn 

Calypso 

Cameron 

Candor 

Cashiers 

Castalia.- 

Catawba 

Cerro Gordo 



County 



Columbus... 

Moore 

Davie 

Rutherford.. 
Anson 

Pamlico 

Yadkin 

Pender 

Carteret 

Carteret 

Beaufort 

Sampson 

Nash. 

Mitchell 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Edgecombe.. 

Nash 

Pamlico 

Martin 

Pitt 

Chatham 

Bertie 

Duplin 

Buncombe... 
Wilson 

Bladen. 

CaldweU.... 

Watauga 

Brunswick... 
Columbus... 
Yadkin 

Rutherford.. 

Duplin 

Craven 

Lee.. 

Catawba 

Columbus 

Harnett 

Franklin 

Duplin 

Moore 

Montgomery 

Jackson 

Nash 

Catawba 

Columbus 



Popula- 
tion 



139 
110 
216 
885 
545 

273 
525 
294 
844 
49 

525 
151 
743 

428 
462 

381 

329 

453 
128 
190 

236 
259 
724 
657 
316 

796 

661 

215 
606 
502 

227 
239 
805 
469 
768 

190 
177 
255 

688 
284 

617 
305 
421 
506 
265 



City or Town 



Cherry 

Claremont 

Clarkton 

Cleveland 

Clyde 

Colerain 

Columbus 

Conetoe.. 

Conway 

Council 

Cove City 

Creedmoor 

Creswell 

Crossnore 

Crouse 

Culberson 

Deep Run 

Deleo 

Dellview 

Denton 

Denver 

Dillsboro 

Dobson 

Dover. 

Drexel 

Dublin 

Dudley 

Dundarrach 

East Bend 

East Laurinburg 

Edward 

Elk Park 

Ellenboro 

Ellerbe 

Elm City 

Eureka 

Everetts 

Evergreen 

Faison 

Faith 

Falcon 

Falkland. 

Fountain 

Four Oaks 

Franklin ville 



County 



Washington.. 

Catawba 

Bladen 

Rowan 

Haywood 

Bertie 

Polk.. 

Edgecombe.. 
Northampton 
Bladen 

Craven 

Granville 

Washington.. 

Avery 

Lincoln 

Cherokee 

Lenoir 

Columbus 

Gaston 

Davidson 

Lincoln 

Jackson 

Surry. 

Craven 

Burke 

Bladen 

Wayne 

Hoke.. 

Yadkin 

Scotland 

Beaufort 

Avery 

Rutherford. .. 

Richmond 

Wilson 

Wayne 

Martin 

Columbus 

Duplin 

Rowan 

Cumberland. 

Pitt.. 

Pitt 

Johnston 

Randolph 



Popula- 
tion 



73 
669 
589 
580 
598 

367 
486 
172 
618 
64 

465 
852 
425 
240 
303 



150 
142 
257 

7 
766 

415 
198 
609 
638 
988 

243 
133 
134 
475 
745 



155 
545 
537 
773 
839 

192 
244 
245 
768 
490 

245 
174 
451 
942 
778 



124 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950-Continued 



Less Than 1,000— Continued 



Citv 



Garland.. 

Garysburg 

Gatesville 

Germanton 

Gibson.. 

Glen Alpine 

Godwin 

Gold Point 

Goldston. 

Grainger 

Granite Quarry. 

Grifton 

Grimesiand 

Grover 

Halifax 

Hamilton 

Hamilton Lakes 

Harmony 

Harrellsville 

Harrels Store.. . 

Hassell 

Hayesville 

Haywood 

Highlands 

Hildebran 

Hobgood 

Hoffman 

Holly Springs... 

Hookerton 

Hot Springs 

Hudson 

Huntersville 

Indian Trail 

Iron Station 

Jackson 

Jackson Springs. 

Jamestown 

Jamesville 

Jefferson 

Jupiter 

Kelford. 

Kenansville.. 

Kittrell 

Knightdale 

Kure Beach 



County 


Popula- 
tion 


Sampson 

Northampton 

Gates 


539 
344 
323 
118 
609 

695 
145 
132 
372 
168 

591 
510 
414 
535 
346 

514 
882 
374 
167 
147 

137 
356 
169 
515 
529 

603 
398 
406 
253 
721 

922 
916 
308 
232 
843 

246 
748 
529 
359 
136 

405 
674 

189 
461 
228 


Stokes. 


Scotland 

Burke. 


Cumberland 

Martin 


Chatham 

Lenoir. 


Rowan 


Pitt 


Pitt 


Cleveland 

Halifax.. 


Martin.. 


Guilford 

Iredell.. 


Hertford 

Sampson 

Martin 


Clay... 


Chatham 

Macon 


Burke 


Halifax 


Richmond 

Wake 


Greene 

Madison 

Caldwell 

Mecklenburg 

Union 

Lincoln 

Northampton 

Moore 

Guilford 

Martin 


Ashe 


Buncombe 

Bertie. . 


Duplin 

Vance 

Wake 

New Hanover... 



City or Town 




Lake Lure 

Lake Waccamaw. 

Lasker 

Lattimore 

Laurel Park 

Lawndale 

Lewiston 

Lilesville 

Linden. 

Locust 

Lucama 

Lumber Bridge... 

Macclesfield 

Macon 

Magnolia 

Manly 

Manteo 

Margaretsville 

Marietta 

Marshall 

Matthews 

Maury 

Maysville 

McDonalds 

McFarlan 

Merry Oaks 

Micro 

Middleburg. 

Middlesex 

Midway 

Milton 

Milwaukee 

Mineral Springs.. 

MorrisviUe 

Mortimer.. 

Morven 

New London 

Newland 

Newport 

Newton Grove... 

Norlina 

Norman 

North Lumberton 

Oak City 

Oakboro. 



Rutherford 

Columbus 

Northampton. 

Cleveland 

Henderson 



Cleveland 

Bertie 

Anson 

Cumberland. 

Stanly 



Wilson 

Robeson 

Edgecombe. 

Warren 

Duplin 



Moore 

Dare 

Northampton. 

Robeson 

Madison 



Mecklenburg. 

Greene 

Jones 

Robeson 

Anson 



Chatham.. 
Johnston. . 

Vance 

Nash 

Richmond. 



Caswell 

Northampton. 

Union . 

Wake 

Caldwell 



Anson 

Stanly 

Avery 

Carteret... 
Sampson . . 

Warren 

Richmond. 
Robeson... 

Martin 

Stanly 



174 
575 
177 
286 
302 

964 
339 
605 
194 
216 

405 
154 
370 
238 
585 

280 
635 
113 
94 
983 

589 
251 
818 
78 
13ft 

160 
310 

217 
446 
479 

317 
302 
135 
221 
13 

601 

285 
425 
676 
374 

874 
300 
423 
518 
631 



Population of Cities and Towns 



125 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: \950— Continued 



Less Than 1,000 — Continued 



City or Town 



Oakley.-- 
Old Fort. 
OrientaL. 
Orrum . _ . 
Pactolus_ 



Palmyra 

Pantego 

Parkersburg. 

Parkton 

Parmele 



Patterson. _ 
Peachland. 
PikeviUe-- 
PineHilL. 
Pine Level. 



Pinebluff 

Finetown 

Polkton 

Polloeksville- 
Powellsville.. 



Princeton--. 
Princeville.. 
Proetorville. 

Rhodhiss... 

Richfield... 



Rich Square. 

Richlands 

Robbinsville. 

Roberdel 

Rockwell 



Rolesville. 

Ronda 

Roper 

Rose Hill. 
Rosman.. 



Roxobel... 

Ruth 

Salemburg. 

Saluda 

Saratoga.. 



Seaboard. 
Seagrove. 

Severn 

Shallotte. 



County 



Sharpsburg . 



Pitt 

McDowelL-.- 

Pamlico 

Robeson 

Pitt 

Halifax 

Beaufort 

Sampson 

Robeson 

Martin....... 

Caldwell 

Anson 

Wayne 

Lenoir 

Johnston 

Moore 

Beaufort 

Anson 

Jones 

Bertie 

Johnston 

Edgecombe .. 

Robeson 

Burke 

Caldwell 

Stanly 

Northampton. 

Onslow 

Graham 

Richmond 

Rowan 

Wake 

Wilkes 

Washington.. 

Duplin 

Transylvania. 

Bertie 

Rutherford. . 

Sampson 

Polk 

Wilson 

Northampton 

Randolph 

Northampton 
Brunswick... 
Edgecombe.. 

Nash 

Wilson 



Popula- 
tion 



58 
771 
590 
162 
265 

67 
275 
114 
527 
406 

195 
485 
464 
386 
602 

575 
301 
459 
420 
250 

608 
919 
232 

923 

237 

971 
877 
515 
451 
852 

288 
545 
793 
896 
535 

394 
324 
435 
547 
366 

745 
319 
340 

493 

415 



City or Town 



Shelmerdine. 

Simpson 

Sims 

Smithtown.. 
Snow Hill 



South Creek 

South Wadesboro... 

Sparta.. 

Speed. 

Staley 



Stantonsburg . 

Star 

Stedman 

Stem 

Stokes 



Stoneville 

Stonewall 

Stovall 

Swan Quarter. 
Swansboro 



Teacheys... 

Todd 

Townsville. 

Trenton 

Trinity 



Troutman . . 

Turkey 

Unionville.. 
Vanceboro.. 
Vandemere. 



Vass 

Vaughn 

Waco 

Wagram 

Walstonburg. 



Warrensville 

Washington Park. 

Watha 

Waxhaw 

Webster .. 



Whitakers... 

Whitehall.-. 
Wilson Mills. 
Winfall 



West Jefferson Ashe 



County 



Pitt 

Pitt 

Wilson. 
Yadkin - 
Greene. 



Beaufort 

Anson 

Alleghany- - 
Edgecombe. 
Randolph. . 



Wilson 

Montgomery. 
Cumberland. 

Granville 

Pitt..-. 



Rockingham. 

Pamlico 

Granville 

Hyde 

Onslow 



Duplin 

Ashe 

Watauga-. 

Vance 

Jones 

Randolph . 

Iredell.... 
Sampson . 

Union 

Craven 

Pamlico.. 



Moore 

Warren 

Cleveland. 
Scotland.. 
Greene 



Ashe 

Beaufort. 
Pender... 

Union 

Jackson . . 



Edgecombe. 

Nash 

Wayne 

Johnston 

Perquimans. 



Popula- 
tion 

32 

278 
207 
182 
946 

108 
390 
820 
103 
236 

627 
677 
424 
217 
217 

786 
272 
410 
212 
559 

226 

1 89 

219 
469 
764 

613 
223 
124 
753 
475 

757 
181 
310 
397 
177 

120 
421 

222 
818 
142 

871 

962 

197 
349 
421 



126 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950— Continued 





Less Than 1,000— Continued 






City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 




Union 


793 
870 
834 
128 
590 


Woodville 

Wrightsville Beach _ _ 

YadKin College 

Yadkin ville. 

Y'oungsville. ..- 


Bertie 

New Hanover... 

Davidson 

Yadkin 

Franklin 


387 


Winterville 

\\ inton 


Pitt -- 

Hertford 

Franklin 

Northampton ._ 


711 

82 


Wood 


820 




619 







Population of Cities and Towns 



127 



ESTIMATES OF POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES' 
AS OF NOVEMBER. 1956 



Area 



Continental United States. 

Alabama. _ 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky. _.. 

Louisiana 

Maine. 

Maryland... 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota. 

Ohio. '";; 

Oklahoma.. 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah "'.'//. 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming. 

District of Columbia 



July 1,1956 



167 
3 
1 
1 
13 
1 
2 

3 
3 

9 
4 
2 
2 
3 
3 

2 
4 
7 
3 
2 
4 

1 



16, 
4, 

9, 

2, 

1, 

10, 

2, 

3, 



,191,000 
,135,000 
,057,000 
,815,000 
,433.000 
,612,000 
,232.000 
402,000 
,770,000 
,712,000 
625,000 
,432,000 
,413,000 
,692,000 
,103,000 
,017,000 
,004,000 
910,000 
,812,000 
,812,000 
,516,000 
,241,000 
,124,000 
,255.000 
638.000 
,414.000 
247.000 
560.000 
.403,000 
815,000 
,195,000 
,423,000 
657.000 
096.000 
237.000 
718.000 
964.000 
828.000 
353,000 
696,000 
466,000 
925,000 
812,000 
370,000 
651,000 
667,000 
983,000 
764,000 
321,000 
866,000 



April 1, 1950 
(census) 



150.697.361 
3,061.743 

749,587 

1,909,511 

10,586,223 

1,325,089 

2,007,280 

318,085 
2,771.305 
3.444.578 

588,637 
8,712,176 
3.934.224 
2.621.073 
1.905.299 
2.944.806 
2.683.516 

913.774 
2,343,001 
4,690,514 
6,371,766 
2.982.483 
2.178,914 
3,954,653 

591,024 
1,325,510 

160,083 

5.33,242 
4.835.329 

681.187 

14.8.30.192 

4,061.929 

619.636 

7.946.627 

2.2.33.351 

1.521.341 

10,498.012 

791.896 
2.117.027 

652.740 
3.291.718 
7,711.194 

688.862 

377.747 
3.318.680 
2.378.963 
2.005,552 
3,434,575 
290,529 
802,178 



Increase (+) or 
decrease ( — ). 

April 1, 1950 to 
July 1, 1956 



Amount 



+ 16,493,000 
+ 74,000 
+ 308,000 
— 95,000 
+ 2,846.000 



+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 

+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 

+ 
+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 1 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 

+ 



287.000 
224.000 

84,000 
998,000 
267,000 

36,000 
720,000 
478,000 

71.000 
198,000 

72,000 
321,000 
4.000 
469.000 
121,000 
1,144,000 
258,000 

55,000 
300,000 

47,000 

89,000 

87,000 

27,000 

567,000 

134.000 

1,. 365, 000 

361,000 

37,000 

150,000 

3,000 

196,000 

466,000 

.36,000 
236,000 

43,000 
175,000 
+ 1,214,000 



+ 

+ 
+ 

+ 
+ 
+ 



123,000 
7,000 

333,000 

289,000 
23,000 

329,000 
30,000 
63,000 



Percent 



+ 10.9 
+ 2.4 
+41.0 

— 5.0 
+26.9 
+21.7 
+ 11.2 
+26.4 
+36.0 
+ 7.8 
+ 6.1 
+ 8.3 
+ 12.2 
+ 2.7 
+ 10.4 
+ 2.5 
+ 12.0 

— 0.4 
+20.0 
+ 2.6 
+ 18.0 
+ 8.7 

— 2.5 
+ 7.6 
+ 8.0 
+ 6.7 
+54.6 
+ 5.1 
+ 11.7 
+ !9.6 
+ 9.2 
+ 8.9 
+ 6.0 
+ 14.5 
+ 0.1 
+ 12.9 
+ 4.4 
+ 4.5 
+ 11.1 
+ 6.6 
+ 5.3 
+ 15.7 
+ 17.9 

— 2.0 
+ 10.0 
+ 12.1 

— 1.1 
+ 9.6 
+ 10.4 
+ 7.9 



'From current Population Reports, Bureau of Census, Series P. 25, No. 148, dated November 18, 1956. 



'A'''. J ICf 






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(t.'vfy 



PART III 
POLITICAL 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Chapter 3, Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, 
Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, 
Tyrrell, Washington. 

Second District — Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax, Lenoir, 
Northampton, Warren, Wilson. 

Third District — Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Pam- 
lico, Pender, Sampson, Wayne. 

Fourth District — Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, Nash, Randolph, 
Vance, Wake. 

Fifth District — Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, Rocking- 
ham, Stokes, Surry. 

Sixth District — Alamance, Durham, Guilford, Orange. 

Seventh District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, 
Harnett, New Hanover, Robeson. 

Eighth District — Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, Montgom- 
ery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Ninth District — Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabarrus, Cald- 
well, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly, Watauga. 

Tenth District — Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, 
Mitchell. 

Eleventh District — McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Cleveland, Gas- 
ton, Madison, Yancey. 

Twelfth Z)isincf*— Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Hay- 
wcod, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain, Transylvania. 

JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

First Division 

First District — Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Pas- 
quotank, Perquimans. 

Second District — Beaufort, Hyde, Martin, Tyrrell, Washington. 
Third District — Carteret, Craven, Pamlico, Pitt. 
Fourth District — Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Sampson. 
Fifth District — New Hanover, Pender. 



♦Created by the 1941 General Assembly. 

131 



132 North Carolina Manual 

Sixth District — Bertie, Halifax, Hertford, Northampton. 

Seventh District — Edgecombe, Nash, Wilson. 

Eighth District — Greene, Lenoir, Wayne. .jH— lyircOCi 

Second Division ..• uvi.::;c-;; Vv .ii .t-x- T 

'Ninth District — Franklin, Granville, Person, Vance, Warren. 
Tenth District — Wake. .. - ''^ 

Eleventh District — Harnett, Johnston, Lee. , , .^ , 

Twelfth Z)isf/-/cf— Cumberland, Hoke. 
Thirteenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus. 
Foiifteenth District- — Durham. ''■■■''- .:;■'.■.-;;■•—•-: 
Fifteenth District — Alamance, Chatham, Orange. 
Sixteenth District — Robeson, Scotland. "3 

Third Division ."•"■■• " ' - 

Seventeenth District ^Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. .,,... 

Eighteenth District — -Guilford. 

Nineteenth District — Cabarrus, Montgomery, Randolph, Rowan.; 

TiveMietrh District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Stanly, Union. 
Twenty-first District — Forsyth. „ . , .„ , ■..'.;■ ...^i.;-'i. 

Twenty-second District — Alexander, Davidson, Davie. .'.' J, 
Twenty-third District — Alleghany, Ashe, Wilkes, Yadkin, .t^,- 

Fourth Division 

Twenty-fourth District^ Awery , Madison, Mitchell, Watauga, 
Yancey. 

Twenty-fifth District — Burke, Caldwell, Catawba. 

Twentyr^iscth •DistWct-^-Mecklenburg. juin^;... — '. :' -: ^ '-;> 1 :--i-,Vh 

Twenty -seventh District — Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln. - ■ ■ ;, 

Twenty-eighth District^— "Bnncomhe. 

Ttventy-ninth District-^'Rendev&on, McDowell, Polk, Ruther- 
ford, Transylvania. 

Thirtieth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, 
Macon, Swain. 

is: 



District Divisions 133 

APPORTIONMENT OF SENATORS BY DISTRICTS 

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1940 

AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 225, Public Laws 1941) 

Fi7-st District — Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, 
Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans counties shall elect two 
senators. 

Second District — Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, Pamlico, Tyr- 
rell and Washington shall elect two senators. 

Third District — Northampton, Vance and Warren shall elect one 
senator. 

Fourth District — Edgecombe and Halifax shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Fifth District — Pitt shall elect one senator. 

Sixth District — Franklin, Nash and Wilson shall elect two 
senators. 

Seventh District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Lenoir and 
Onslow shall elect two senators. 

Eighth District — Johnston and Wayne shall elect two senators. 

Niyith District — Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson 
shall elect two senators. 

Tenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and Cumberland 
shall elect two senators. 

Eleventh District — Robeson shall elect one senator. 

Tivelfth District — Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Randolph shall 
elect two senators. 

Thirteenth District — Chatham, Lee and Wake shall elect two 
senators. 

Fourteenth District — Durham, Granville and Person shall elect 
two senators. 

Fifteenth District — Caswell and Rockingham shall elect one 
senator. 

Sixteenth District — Alamance and Orange shall elect one sen- 
ator. 

Seventeenth District — Guilford shall elect one senator. 



134 



State Congr 




nal Districts 



135 




136 North Carolina Manual 

Eighteenth District — Davidson, Montgomery, Richmond and 
Scotland shall elect two senators. 

Nineteenth District — Anson, Stanly and Union shall elect two 
senators. 

Twentieth District — Mecklenburg; shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-first District — Cabarrus and Rowan shall elect two 
senators. 

Twevty-second District — Forsyth shall elect one senator. 

T IV enty -third District — Stokes and Surry shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-fourth District — Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin shall elect 
one senator. /' . ' '' - \ ?^J --■" " 

Twenty-fifth District — Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln shall elect 
two senators. 

Twenty-sixth District — Gaston shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-seventh District — Cleveland, McDowell and Rutherford 
shall elect two senators. 

Twenty-eighth District — Alexander, Burke and Caldwell shall 
elect one senator. , : . , .-;",,. | \ ■'• '--f^' 

Ticeyity -ninth District — -Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirtieth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell and Yancey shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirty-first District — Buncombe shall elect one senator. 

Thirty-second District- — Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Polk and 
Transylvania shall elect two senators. f , . , \ . : ; . * 

Thirty-third District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Macon and 
Swain shall elect one senator. 

./' 

":: - ^ .: . -; . ../"' 

',. "-:,"- ■• " ■■'.■.■!■■,_ ,-»• 



APPORTIONMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF REPRESENTATIVES IN ACCORDANCE WITH 

THE CENSUS OF 1940 AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 112, Public Laws 1941) 



No. of 
County Reps. 

Alamance 1 

Alexander 1 

Alleghany .... 1 

Anson 1 

Ashe 1 

Avery 1 

Beaufort 1 

Bertie 1 

Bladen 1 

Brunswick .... 1 

Buncombe 3 

Burke 1 

Cabarrus 2 

Caldwell 1 

Camden 1 

Carteret 1 

Caswell 1 

Catawba 1 

Chatham 1 

Cherokee 1 

Chowan 1 

Clay 1 

Cleveland 1 

Columbus 1 

Craven 1 

Cumberland ... 2 

Currituck .... 1 

Dare 1 

Davidson 1 

Davie ..,,.',.. 1 

Duplin . .'. .^!\ . . 1 

Durham 2 

Edgecombe .... 1 

Forsyth 3 



No. of 
County Reps. 

Franklin 1 

Gaston 2 

Gates 1 

Graham 1 

Granville 1 

Greene 1 

Guilford 4 

Halifax 1 

Harnett 1 

Haywood 1 

Henderson .... 1 

Hertford 1 

Hoke 1 

Hyde 1 

Iredell 1 

Jackson 1 

Johnston 2 

Jones .,... . 1 

Lee .V. . 1 

Lenoir 1 



Lincoln 

Macon , 

Madison .... 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg , 

Mitchell 

Montgomery 

Moore , 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 
Onslow 



No. of 
County Reps. 

Pamlico 1 

Pasquotank ... 1 

Pender 1 

Perquimans ... 1 

Person 1 

Pitt 2 

Polk 1 

Randolph 1 

Richmond 1 

Robeson 2 

Rockingham ... 1 
Rowan 2 



Rutherford 
Sampson . . 
Scotland . . 



1 
1 
1 

Stanly 1 

1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 3 

Warren 1 



Washington 
Watauga . . 
Wayne . . . . 
Wilkes . . . . 
Wilson . .' . . 
Yadkin- 



1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
Yancey '.. ..... 1 



-'.&■- 



137 



STATE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM FOR 

1956 

We, the Democrats of North Carolina, in convention assembled, 
reaffirm our faith in the great Party of Jefferson and Jackson: we 
endorse its dynamic and far-sighted record in State and Nation, 
and offer the following statement of policies and principles as our 
platform for 1956: 

National Affairs 

During the twenty years next preceding January 20, 1953, the 
people of the United States wisely entrusted the management of 
national affairs to the Democratic Party, which proved its fidelity 
to this time honored principle: "Equal opportunities for all men 
and special privileges for none." On assuming responsibility for the 
conduct of the Federal Government at the beginning of this period, 
the Democratic Party found agriculture, business and labor in a 
state of total collapse resulting from the previous twelve years of 
Republican mal-administration. Democratic administrations rescued 
agriculture, business, and labor from their tragic plight and pre- 
served our free enterprise system by a series of progressive meas- 
ures and programs, which were designed and developed by Demo- 
crats for the welfare of all the people of America, and which were 
denounced and opposed by Republicans as "creeping socialism." 
Since their return to power, the Republican Party has not dared 
to repudiate any of these Democratic measures or programs. How- 
ever, it has deprived the people of the full benefit of these meas- 
ures and programs by entrusting their administration to admin- 
istrators not sympathetic with their purposes. 

At the general election in 1952, the Republican Party recaptured 
the Presidency and through it the power to administer national 
affairs by issuing to the American people campaign pledges which 
it has failed to redeem. The incompatability between pre-election 
Republican promises and post-election Republican performances is 
clearly illustrated by Republican words and Republican deeds in 
the fields of agriculture and the rights of the States. Although Re- 
publican campaigners promised to support basic crops at ninety 
percent of parity "without any ands or buts". Republican adminis- 
trators and legislators have deliberately depressed the prices of 
virtually all agricultural commodities far below that standard to 

138 



Democratic Platform 139 

carry out Secretary of Agriculture Benson's theory that farming 
must be made unprofitable in order to prevent the accumulation 
of surpluses. When it was seeking- the votes of the country in 
general and the South in particular, the Republican Party posed as 
the champion of the rights of the States. Since the election, how- 
ever, the Republican national administration has adopted admin- 
istrative practices and recommended the enactment of legislation 
calculated to reduce the States to meaningless zeros on the nation's 
map. When all is said and done, the Republican Party has kept 
only one of its campaign promises — the promise implied in the 
slogan "It's time for a change." It has changed our government 
from a government of the people, by the people, for the people, to 
a government of the privileged few, by the privileged few, for 
the privileged few. 

The Democrats of North Carolina in convention assembled call 
upon the lovers of democracy throughout the nation to aid them in 
restoring the government of the United States to the people of the 
United States. 

Congress 

When a Republican administration is in power in Washington, 
it is more important than ever that our Democratic congressional 
delegation be alert and sensitive to the public interest. They are 
like watchmen in the night, and it is good to hear them cry out in 
warning when the welfare of the people is threatened. We commend 
them for having the courage of their convictions. They have not 
hesitated to oppose the National Republican Administration when 
they thought it was in the wrong, and likewise have not hesitated 
when they thought it was in the national interest to rise above 
partisan politics and join in a non-partisan front in defiance of 
the enemies of Amei'ica. This they would have done more often had 
the Eisenhower Administration generally been willing to carry on 
a non-partisan program in foreign aff'airs. The Democratic Party 
of North Carolina takes pride in the accomplishments of its 
United States Senators and Democratic members of the House of 
Representatives. We feel that we have outstanding congressmen as 
individuals and that they work together well as a strong team for 
North Carolina. We commend them for the diligence and the devo- 
tion with which they have served their constituents, the State of 
North Carolina, and the Nation as a whole. 



140 North Carolina Manual 

'■'>'■- The General Assembly 

The General Assembly of 1955 was confronted with an unusual 
number of difficult problems and it is to the credit of our legisla- 
tors that they met issues of serious and even grave importance 
with courage and wisdom. The General Assembly reached reason- 
able solutions of the problems confronting it, laying aside factional 
and sectional interests and generally legislating with a broad view 
of the welfare of the State as a whole. We commend heartily the 
caution and the moderation that characterized their action and 
take particular pride in the farsighted manner in which grave 
developments were anticipated. We feel that our General Assembly 
is an outstanding body. As usual, the great bulk of the members 
are of the Democratic faith, and have continued to carry on the 
great work for which our Party is noted. ^. 

The Hodges Administration 

North Carolina has been fortunate in the quality of its execu- 
tive leadership under Democratic Governors for the past half cen- 
tury. This tradition is now being carried forward capably by 
Governor Luther H. Hodges. 

Following the untimely death of Governor William B. Umstead, 
Governor Hodges came into office with less than two months in 
which to prepare for the convening of the 1955 General Assembly. 
With characteristic vigor and resourcefulness. Governor Hodges 
faced squarely the many formidable problems looming ahead. These 
involved revenues, public education and the segregation decisions 
of the United States Supreme Court, governmental reorganization, 
Superior Court re-districting, industrial development, agriculture, 
highways and highway safety — to mention a few. To a marked 
degree, his program met with favor in the 1955 General Assembly, 
and between the Executive and the General Assembly, there was 
a substantial meeting of minds resulting in a record of achieve- 
ment and cooperation of which the Democratic Party is justly 
proud. 

We are indebted to Governor Hodges for his initiative in rally- 
ing forces necessary for immediate relief to the people of eastern 
North Carolina during and following a series of destructive hurri- 
canes. With determination and persistence, he worked through 



Democratic Platform 141 

every available source for badly-needed rehabilitation and assist- 
ance, and has provided far-sighted planning in an effort to prevent 
recurrent damage from possible future disasters. In this, as in 
other matters affecting the welfare of the State, Governor Hodges 
has had the sustained support of our Democratic members of 
Congress. 

While grappling with the problems of today, the Governor has 
also stimulated and encouraged the people of North Carolina to 
look ahead to the future with courage and confidence. He has re- 
peatedly emphasized the vital need for increasing our per capita 
income, and for diversifying our economy so that we may achieve a 
prosperous and effective balance between agriculture and industry. 
We commend him especially for his wise leadership in the many 
and complex problems resulting from the segregation decisions of 
the United States Supreme Court. He has not hesitated, where 
necessary, to speak out frankly and candidly on controversial is- 
sues affecting the welfare of the State. He has acted promptly, 
without fear or favor. 

In times of emergency, in times of great stress, it is good to 
have as our Chief Executive a man in whom the people of North 
Carolina have great confidence, whose ability, honesty and sin- 
cerity are well known, a man who has a keen understanding of 
the needs of our people. The Democratic Party hereby endorses 
the record of Governor Hodges, which we believe reflects great 
credit upon the Democratic Party of North Carolina. 

Education 

Believing that public education and democracy are inseparable 
allies in promoting and maintaining the common good, we reaffirm 
our faith in our children and assume with pride our obligation to 
provide for them the best education possible. 

Caught in the surging tide of increasing school enrollments 
necessitating additional buildings and enlarged appropriations, the 
people of this State have enthusiastically responded to the leader- 
ship of the Democratic Party in guaranteeing that the more-than-a- 
million children in our public schools shall have those opportunities 
envisioned by Aycock, Joyner, and others at the beginning of this 
century. In scope, the growth of our school system is almost phe- 
nomenal. During the last decade there has been an increase of 
200,000 pupils in school enrollment, and, looking toward the future. 



142 North Carolina Manual 

the largest number of births in our history was recorded in 1955. 
Likewise, in opportunity, our record is enviable. We have, for ex- 
ample, within the last 15 years, made the transition from an 
eleven-grade system to a twelve-grade system; lengthened the term 
to nine months; extended the age of compulsory school attendance; 
inaugurated a retirement system for teachers and other State em- 
ployees; initiated a program in driver training and safety educa- 
tion ; begun a program of special education for handicapped and 
exceptional children; pi'ovided a Statewide school health program; 
and, through a program of school district leorganization and con- 
solidation, invested millions of dollars in improved facilities. Truly, 
our record is one of consistency in educational progress. 

This Party, however, does not propose to be complacent about 
the status of its educational achievements; but rather, within the 
tax resources available, it pledges its continuing support to a pro- 
gram of public education that shall be commensurate with the 
ideals and aspirations of our people and shall be rewarding both 
to the individual and to the State which nutures him. 

All over North Carolina there is a general re-birth of public 
interest favoring better schools and better opportunities for our 
children and youth. This new spirit inspires us to look ahead with 
confidence and to face the challenges of the future with faith, 
with vision, and with all the intelligence and genius at our com- 
mand. 

The Democratic Party recognizes that further advancement in 
educational opportunity for the increasing number of youth in this 
State will require additional qualified teachers, adequately com- 
pensated; additional buildings, adequately maintained and supplied 
with instructional materials, additional transportation facilities, 
for extended services; additional administrative and supervisory 
personnel at both the State and local levels, for leadership and 
guidance in an expanding school system; and, additional funds 
with which to expand our curriculum to meet the contemporary 
demands of our State, particularly in the areas of industrial and 
technical education. These are obligations which we assume with 
pride, realizing that our investments in public education are, in 
reality, investments in human resources, in which lie the hope of 
our people. 

The Democratic Party is particularly proud of the manner in 
which our State has met and continues to meet the crisis in public 



Democratic Platform 143 

education created by the segregation decisions of the United States 
Supreme Court. In the calm and orderly manner traditional to 
North Carolina, the Governor and the Advisory Committee on 
Education have, with firm resolve, attempted to analyze the prob- 
lems we face. The Democratic Pai-ty stands squarely behind the 
Governor and the Advisory Committee in their efforts to find a 
solution to this problem. 

Public Health 

When North Carolina was redeemed from Republican rule in 
1900 by the brilliant Aycock and his associates, the annual appro- 
priation for all Public Health work was a mere $2,000 a year. 
When the first local health department in the United States was 
organized in Guilford County, in 1911, the State appropriation had 
gi-own to $22,000, but Public Health still was centralized under the 
State Board and its affairs were administered from Raleigh. 

During the fiscal year of 1954-1955, for which figures are com- 
plete, there was spent for all Public Health services in North Car- 
olina the sum of $8,007,917 of which nearly $4,000,000 was voted 
by the counties. Under Republican leadership in Washington, Fed- 
eral aid for Public Health has dwindled rapidly, which made it 
necessary for our own people, under Democratic rule, to make up 
the deficiency. This they have done in a noble way. 

That progress which we have made under Democratic leadership 
has found expression in the administration of Public Health, as 
well as in our expanding economy and social development. Not 
only has Public Health kept pace with our physical development, 
in the improvement of its administration and in expanded appro- 
priations, but it has been decentralized and placed, since 1949, in 
the hands of our one hundred counties, each of which now enjoys 
all the privileges of Public Health services, locally administered. 

With the expansion and decentralization of Public Health, there 
has been developed, under Democratic leadership, an ever-increas- 
ing interest on the part of the people which has found fruition in 
increased local financial support. 

Our Public Health practices, confined, for the most part, strictly 
to preventive medicine, have resulted in the eradication of small- 
pox, typhoid fever, pellagra, malaria and many other preventable 
and controllable human ailments which formerly plagued our peo- 
ple and took such a heavy toll of life each year. 



144 North Carolina Manual 

Among our greatest victories in the field of preventive medicine, 
through the administration of Public Health, have been those in 
connection with the prolongation of life among our infants and 
children, and in the reduction of maternal deaths. We now are 
giving more thought to the study of what we call degenerative 
diseases, more prevalent among our aging population, to mental 
health, to farm and home accidents and other enemies of life and 
happiness, with a view to bringing these within the range of 
preventive medicine, where this is possible. 

We must take no backward step in Public Health, if we are to 
continue our march of progress along other lines. No state or na- 
tion can enjoy the abundant life half sick and half well, and 
nothing contributes more than Public Health to our agricultural 
and industrial and tourist trade expansion and prosperity — our 
over-all standard of living for all North Carolinians. ■ j\i 

Mental Institutions ... 

During the past ten years all institutions for the mentally ill 
in North Carolina have made great strides forward. Approximately 
$44,000,000 have been appropriated for Permanent Improvements, 
including the $22,000,000 raised by the Bond issue of 1953, and all 
of this sum has already been spent for buildings or allocated for 
building in progress. Additional funds have also been allocated 
each biennium for expansion of professional staffs. 

There has been a great increase in the number of persons seek- 
ing admission but waiting lists have been eliminated for all acute 
cases. This is a big step forward, made possible by the increase of 
professional staff and the change in emphasis from custody to 
treatment which results in patients leaving the hospitals much 
earlier. Modern drugs and psychiatric treatment have helped 
greatly in the progress made, : " r ^ -• 

Two new training schools for the mentally retarded are under 
construction and should be completed next year, and this will go 
far to relieve the greater part of the waiting list that has been 
in existence for many years. Greater emphasis is paid to the 
training now than was possible in the past. 

The progress made during the ten year period has been phe- 
nomenal. All old firetrap buildings have been eliminated and re- 
placed by buildings of good design and construction. Treatment 






Democratic Platform 145 

programs are of good standard and North Carolina can take pride 
in this service given to its citizens vv^ho find it necessary to use it. 

Agriculture 

We reaffirm our belief that a vigorous, prosperous agriculture 
is essential to the w^elfare and prosperity of our people in North 
Carolina and throughout the nation. We have faith in the funda- 
mental principles of farm policy developed by Democratic admin- 
istrations down through the years. And we strongly decry the 
Republican conspiracy to discredit these principles and to nullify 
them piecemeal and by indirection. We especially deplore the re- 
peated efforts of Eisenhower, Benson and Nixon to blame the 
decline in farm prices and income on high, rigid price supports, 
and to refuse to accept the responsibility for their poor leader- 
ship. 

We advocate for continued progress in North Carolina agricul- 
ture : 

(1) Continued emphasis on agricultural research with a view 
to further improvement of production efficiency and further diver- 
sification. 

(2) Greater effort in the development of new uses and expand- 
ing markets for farm commodities, the encouragement of in- 
creased agricultural exports, and the promotion of better market- 
ing practices and facilities at home. 

(3) Expansion of agricultural education, especially in bring- 
ing technical training to a larger number of dirt farmers. 

(4) Continuation of the Soil Conservation Service as a program 
to maintain and build up our precious resources of soil and water. 

(5) Continuation of the Rural Electrification Administration 
and the Rural Telephone Program under vigorous, progressive 
policies which resulted in their success under Democratic admin- 
istrations, and brought greater living comforts to our farm people. 

(6) Support of adequate agricultural credit facilities making it 
possible for farmers to buy their own farms, and to finance their 
production at reasonable rates of interest. 

(7) Expansion of crop insurance, as need and experience dic- 
tate. 



146 North Carolina Manual 

Notwithstanding the industrial progress of our State, North 
Carolina is still fundamentally dependent upon agriculture. Two- 
thirds of our people live outside incorporated cities and towns, and 
half of these are employed directly on farms. In fact. North Car- 
olina has the largest rural population in the Nation, only Texas 
having a larger number of farms. Small unit farming, then, is 
characteristic of North Carolina, and a substantial number of 
these are operated entirely by one farm family. To such small 
unit farmers, the farm is indeed not only a livelihood but a way 
of life, which has provided a stabilizing influence in our society. 
The time has come when we must take steps to conserve our farm 
families as a great national resource. To that end, we pledge our 
support to policies and programs which will help farm families to 
maintain a standard of living similar to that enjoyed by others. 

We are proud of the fine record of our State Department of 
Agriculture in administering regulatory programs to protect the 
interests of both farmers and the general public, in promoting 
better markets and processing facilities for farm products, and in 
providing other services for our farmer. We also take pride in the 
outstanding work in agricultural research and education conducted 
by the College of Agriculture and its related agencies at North 
Carolina State College. We commend the fine spirit of cooperation 
that exists between these institutions and agencies, and we pledge 
to them our continued support, recognizing that through them we 
can best serve the everchanging needs of our large farm pop- 
ulation. 

Roads 

Since the initial State-wide Highway Program of 1921, North 
Carolina has been known as the "Good Roads State". Its mileage 
has been expanded many times over, as the number and usage of 
motor vehicles by its people has steadily grown. At this time, the 
North Carolina State Highway and Public Works Commission has 
direct jurisdiction over a greater mileage of Public Roads than 
has the Highway agency of any other state. Due, mainly, to the 
Secondary Road Bond issue authorized by the voters in 1949, North 
Carolina has one of the best and most extensive systems of hard 
surfaced Secondary roads in any state in the nation. 



Democratic Platform 147 

As of January 1, 1956, the State of North Carolina has on its 
systems 32,918 miles of paved highways and roads, and 34,103 
miles of unpaved roads which are kept in substantially all-weather 
condition. In addition, there are 2,571 miles of streets on the sys- 
tems, thus making a total of 69,592 miles being maintained by the 
State Highway and Public Works Commission. 

Both the age of this great mileage and the evermounting traffic 
volumes and burdens to which it is subjected has brought about a 
task of great magnitude, requiring costs and personnel greater 
than in any other State agency. Our Commission has done much 
with the funds available to provide our people with adequate, 
comfortable and safe highways and roads. The number of North 
Carolina motor vehicles served has doubled within the past eight 
years, and is still growing. Funds for needed modernization of 
our Primary highways are not adequate from State sources, but 
there is reason to believe that materially increased Federal aid 
will soon become available, which should prove to be most helpful 
to us. 

We commend the Governor, the General Assembly, the Commis- 
sion and all those who have had a part in providing our roads and 
highway services for the people of the State. We pledge our con- 
tinued support for a fully adequate and modern highway system 
for the entire State, and a program which, within available State 
and Federal funds, will bring the Primary system to a standard 
commensurate with the needs of the present day heavy traffic 
which our highways serve, including the use of access control on 
expressway designs. The Democratic Party will continue to back 
its Governors and Legislators as they seek to provide adequate 
facilities for motor vehicle transportation for all the people in 
every section of the State. 

Prisons 

The State Prison System, which is now administered as a divi- 
sion of the State Highway and Public Works Commission, is grow- 
ing in size and in cost, constituting not only a growing economic 
problem, but posing challenging questions in the field of human 
rehabilitation. 

Approximately 11,000 prisoners are now in the System and the 
population is steadily increasing, operating costs running around 



4* 



148: North Carolina Manual 

$9,000,000 a year. With a growing- prison population and mounting 
costs, business efficiency and effective rehabilitation programs have 
become essential to proper prison administration. Great progress 
is being made in meeting these essentials. Prison farms are now 
operated under graduates of agricultural colleges. Improvements 
instituted have not only made it possible for the Prison System to 
approach self-sufficiency respecting its food requirements but have 
also increased the ti'aining value of farm work for prison inmates. 
Inmates are also being afforded opportunities to learn other trades 
which will enable them to be self-supporting upon their return to 
society. Prison rules and regulations have been reviewed, amended, 
and changed to conform with modern methods of prison administra- 
tion. The reforms have improved the morale of prison inmates and 
prison personnel. 

The Democratic Party will continue to press for progress in the 
administration of the prisons, and commends the Governor and 
Legislature for the studies now underway which will place greater 
emphasis upon rehabilitation, in the hope that more and more 
offenders may be returned to the community as useful members 
of society. ^■.■. ,-; .-,:_ ... ',^.,_- ■■•:, -, ,? --iv.- ■ n 

'' Parole and Probation 

On July 1, 1955, as a result of a constitutional amendment, au- 
thority to grant, revoke and terminate paroles was transferred 
from the Governor's office to the Board of Paroles to relieve the 
Governor of this burden. The Board, which consists of three mem- 
bers, has worked out a plan of procedure which, through rules and 
regulations, embodies the best experience in this highly specialized 
field. The State can be justly proud of the fact that in North 
Carolina all prisoners with terms of twelve months or more are 
automatically and carefully considered at regular intervals. 

Both parole and probation are today important agencies in the 
rehabilitation of prisoners. We should make every reasonable ef- 
fort to improve and strengthen both of these agencies to the end 
that they may continue to render great service and protection to 
the people of North Carolina. 

Highway Safety : " 

Under the administrations of Governors Umstead and Hodges, a 
determined and sustained effort has been made to make our high- 



Democratic Platform 149 

ways safer for our people. With a steady increase from year to 
year in the number of registered motor vehicles and drivers and 
a corresponding increase in motor vehicle mileage, the need for 
continued reduction of the accident and fatality rate is imperative. 
Definite progress in that direction is being made. The Governor, 
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles and the Highway Patrol and 
various citizen groups have given splendid leadership to the safety 
program. However, if this vital work of saving human lives is to 
succeed as it should, the hands of these public officials and others 
working for safety must be upheld by the courts and by our citi- 
zens. We pledge our best efforts and encouragement to the public 
officials of our State engaged in this vital work and call upon all 
the people of North Carolina to throw their moral support behind 
the safety program. 

State and Local Employees 

The Democratic Party owes a debt of gratitude to the loyal and 
efficient employees of State and local governments who have 
through the years made possible our record of achievement. They 
have been honest and efficient and have rendered courteous service. 
The Democratic Party takes pride in their devotion to duty and 
recognizes them as the custodians of our good name and as the ef- 
fective means through which the principles of our Party are made 
manifest and real to the people of North Carolina. 

The welfare of teachers and State employees has always been 
a matter of great concern. For instance, in 1941 a program of 
retirement was adopted which has been improved by evei-y subse- 
quent General Assembly. The system is operated on an excellent 
actuarial basis and is recognized as one of the soundest and most 
liberal systems in the entire country. 

The most recent change made was the coordination of the retire- 
ment system with Social Security. This progressive program has 
only recently been put into operation and has already gained na- 
tional recognition. 

The State Retirement Board has given assistance to local gov- 
ernments in planning retirement programs for their employees. 
This has been done on an optional basis. More than 562 cities, 
counties, towns and instrumentalities have adopted either a retire- 



150 North Carolina Manual 

ment system or Social Security for their employees which is ad- 
ministered on a state-wide basis by the Board of Trustees of the 
Retirement System. 

Public Welfare 

In recent years we have come to a better understanding of the 
fact that even in good times economic advances do not benefit all 
groups, nor do they affect in the same degree all individuals and 
groups within the State's population. 

The Democratic Party has never been willing to look merely at 
the balance sheet of the State as a whole and conclude that no 
one within its borders needs constructive assistance to meet 
situations beyond individual control. There has been an alert con- 
cern for the changing and continuing needs of those individuals 
who have been handicapped by illness, by the death of the wage- 
earner in the family, by the helplessness and lack of protection of 
childhood, by the increasing disabilities of old age, by discordant 
domestic and personal situations, and by other misfortunes beyond 
their control. 

This concern for the welfare of our citizens is implemented 
helpfully by the strengthening from year to year of the programs 
of the State Board of Public Welfare which bring both financial 
assistance and other services to those individuals and families with 
special problems. The strengthening of the public welfare pro- 
grams has not only helped individuals in times of need and brought 
into a better measure of balance the maladjustments occasioned 
by changing conditions, economic and personal, but has also re- 
sulted in a total benefit to the State through the added self-respect 
and purchasing power given these citizens. 

The Democratic Party views the needs of our citizens who have 
met misfortune within the perspective of our State's total economic 
and social setting. Thus much has been done to make increasingly 
more effective the public welfare programs which provide protec- 
tion, preventive and rehabilitative services. This foresight repre- 
sents a sound investment in human welfare and in the conservation 
of our human resources. In addition, some citizens, once unable to 
make a contribution to the economy of the State, are thus enabled 
to assume some share of this individual responsibility. 



Democratic Platform 161 

In administering- programs dealing with the welfare of our 
citizens who have met misfortune and other programs affecting 
citizens in all walks of life, the State Board of Public Welfare has 
pursued a conservative policy in keeping with the intent of the 
legal bases of the several programs. In percentage of administra- 
tive cost and in policies for determining eligibility for financial 
aid, North Carolina has an enviable record of economical admin- 
istration and careful factual determination. 

Relationships throughout the State-supervised and county-ad- 
ministered public welfare program have continued harmonious and 
effective. This is but one illustration of the democratic process in 
action — a process basic to the tenets of the Democratic Party. 

Within the limits of a balanced budget, the Democratic Party 
seeks to keep abreast of the needs of the citizens of our State. To 
children, to older citizens, to all in need, we pledge the financial 
aid required so that our citizens may share equally the opportuni- 
ties inherent in a democratic society; for we believe that no com- 
munity fully dischai'ges its obligation if it neglects the under- 
privileged, the handicapped, those unable to help themselves. 

Labor 

More than a million of our people earn their living as wage and 
salary workers. With their labor and skills they add greatly to the 
income of the State and discharge responsibilities which are vital 
to the life and future of North Carolina. In addition to their in- 
dustrial jobs, many of these workers occupy responsible positions 
of leadership in their communities where their influence is felt for 
civic betterment. 

The Democratic Party, traditionally the friend of labor, reviews 
with pride the tremendous progress made by working men and 
women in recent years and pledges its continued support to a pro- 
gram of humane labor laws, safe working conditions, and fair com- 
pensation for industrial workers who contribute so much to the 
prosperity of our State. No true progress can come to North Caro- 
lina unless it embraces the welfare and advancement of those who 
by their work and their skill contribute substantially to our 
economy. ' 

The Democratic Party is dedicated to the cause of industrial 
peace and harmony. During the past two years, we take pride in 



152 North Carolina Manual 

the fact that relatively few strikes have occurred. For this splen- 
did record, both nianagement and labor are to be commended. 

We also commend the Department of Labor for the fine v^^ork 
that it has done on behalf of the working men and women of North 
Carolina, standing* ever ready to devote its facilities to their aid 
and assistance. 

Conservation and Development 

Under the leadership of the Democratic Party, North Carolina 
has experienced astonishing growth. However, despite our prog- 
ress, we stand at an economic crossroad. Economic studies confirm 
the theory that North Carolina will remain relatively poor until 
the State processes for sale in finished form products of its farms, 
mines and commercial fishing waters, rather than sending them to 
market in their raw state. 

North Carolina must encourage new industry both from inside 
and outside the State, and expand existing industry. This is neces- 
sary in order that we may raise our per capita income and pro- 
duce revenue which will support the public services including our 
schools, roads and other undertakings demanded by our people. 

An increasing number of new industries have been brought into 
the State through the efforts of development corporations in many 
communities, working in cooperation with the Division of Com- 
mei'ce and Industry of the Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment. Progress in attracting industries employing personnel 
in higher income brackets is particularly gratifying. These include 
electrical, metal products, chemical and specialty industries. 

The Small Industries Section of the Department of Conservation 
and Development has been better oriented and is expanding its 
operations to help our citizens. The leadership of Governor Hodges 
has stimulated such private undertakings as the North Carolina 
Business Development Corporation, which is now making capital 
available to new and expanding industry, the needs of which can- 
not be met fully through regular banking channels. 

The Research Triangle Committee, composed of oustanding 
business leaders of our State, has recently been created to develop 
and promote the research potentials existing in the area bounded 
by three of our great educational institutions. 



Democratic Platform 153 

Studies for more profitable use of our water, mineral and 
forestry resources are continuing. We are beginning to package 
and market our seafoods instead of shipping them away to be 
labelled and marketed to the considerable enrichment of other 
states. We are making great strides in providing recreational areas, 
including privately developed tourist attractions. These serve the 
dual purpose of making our State more attractive to workers, en- 
abling them to employ their leisure time to greater advantage; 
and in making North Carolina more attractive to the tourist trade, 
which is today a multimillion dollar industry and an increasing 
source of new revenue to the State. 

Recognizing that we are on the threshold of a new economic era, 
it is evident that our State must as never before conserve and 
develop its natural resources. 

The branch of government charged primarily with this program 
is the Department of Conservation and Development. Other 
agencies, public and private, have major responsibilities in special- 
ized fields, including the State Ports Commission, the Wildlife 
Resources Commission, the Department of Agriculture, and the 
research facilities of our colleges and universities and private 
research laboratories. There are also special commissions created 
by the Legislature engaged in special assignments ranging from 
water resources to ccastal erosion. 

The Democratic Party pledges its whole-hearted support to con- 
tinued progress in the vital area of conservation and development 
of our natural resources. 

Utilities 

North Carolina is continuing to grow. New homes, new busi- 
nesses, new factories, and new industries are being constructed in 
various parts of our State, and all of these create an immediate 
demand for utility services. The utilities of our State are spending 
millions of dollars each year, not only to supply present day needs 
but to create adequate facilities for the future. 

Mammoth electric plants have been constructed, both hydro and 
steam, in various parts of North Carolina sufficient to supply 
adequately our electric energy requirements. During the past ten 
years the generating capacity of our privately owned electric com- 
panies has increased approximately 300 per cent, and our REA 



154 North Carolina Manual 

facilities 322 per cent, thereby assuring adequate electric energy 
for the industrial and economic growth of our State. This abund- 
ance of electricity, available to all sections, has made it possible 
for the rural dweller to have the same comforts and conveniences 
in his home as only a short time ago were available to those in 
urban centers, thereby increasing the attractiveness of rural living 
and lessening the crowding of our population into congested areas. 

The telephone companies of North Carolina are accepting the 
challenge for expansion of telephone service, and with the expendi- 
ture of millions of dollars have since 1946 increased the number of 
subscribers served by the private telephone companies from less 
than 300,000 to more than 800,000. This expansion is continuing 
and plans have been approved for the ensuing year for enlarging 
telephone facilities. Telephone service in rural areas of the State 
has been tremendously stimulated during the past five years by the 
assistance of the REA in the establishment of rural telephone 
service. 

Natural gas is a newcomer in North Carolina, but already many 
of our larger cities and some of our smaller towns are receiving the 
benefits derived from the use of natural gas. The Utilities Com- 
mission has granted certificates of convenience and necessity to 
serve several areas of North Carolina, which when completed, will 
make natural gas available to a large part of our State. 

The Democratic Party fully realizes that the services rendered 
by the utilities are absolutely necessary for our modern day of 
living, and under the proper supervision of State agencies, our 
Party will exert every effort for better and further service to our 
citizens at rates which are fair and reasonable. 

Administration of Justice and Law Enforcement 

Prompt and eff"ective enforcement of the laws and protection of 
the rights of the individual are imperative functions of govern- 
ment. 

With recognition of these principles and a manifest increasing 
need for smaller judicial districts presided over by judges selected 
by the people, the 1955 General Assembly divided the State into 
thirty judicial districts. This action has resulted in sharp inroads 
into the congestion oi court trial dockets. The status of pending 
litigation is the best in our generation. Civil cases can now be 



Democratic Platform 155 

heard with less delay and violators of the criminal law can be more 
promptly brought to trial. 

Efforts of individuals or groups to set themselves above and to 
ignore the law are contrary to the genius of our people and the 
tradition of our Party. The Democratic Party pledges itself to the 
energetic enforcement of the law, to the end that the blessings of 
peace and order shall be fully known throughout the State. 

Relation of the Races 

The Democratic Party believes in the preservation of the rights 
and liberties of the citizens of North Carolina as guaranteed to them 
by their Constitution and of the citizens of all the States under 
the Constitution of the United States. As we interpret the Consti- 
tution of the United States, this includes the right of separation of 
the races in our schools and all institutions involving personal and 
social relations, and the preservation of our right to regulate public 
health, morals, marriage, education, peace, good order, domestic 
tranquility and the general welfare of the citizens of North 
Carolina. 

Fiscal Affairs 

It is with pride and satisfaction that we review the sound fiscal 
policies that have characterized our State government under Demo- 
cratic administrations. It is a record of honest and efficient admin- 
istration unsurpassed by any other State in the Union. We have 
avoided radical and costly experiments and have insisted that there 
be a reasonable balance between income and outgo, the corner- 
stone of our policy being a balanced budget. We have been neither 
radical nor reactionary, charting our course squarely down the 
middle of the fiscal road. As the direct results of sound and pru- 
dent planning, based upon administrative integrity, North Caro- 
lina's credit has never been better nor her good name more highly 
regarded. Let us keep our financial house in order and continue 
these business-like policies, for our ability to continue progressive 
service to our people rests upon our unquestioned solvency and 
our good financial reputation. 



156 North Carolina Manual 

Taxation 

A system of taxation should not only be successful in raising re- 
quired revenue, but should, in addition, be just, apportioning the 
cost of government among our people as fairly as possible. To this 
end, North Carolina has for many years by a series of amendments 
to the Revenue Act, relieved a harshness here, or eliminated an 
inequity there. However, the time has come for an over-all look 
at our tax structure, and we commend the General Assembly of 
1955 for creating a Tax Study Commission charged with the duty 
of making objective analyses and of making careful studies com- 
paring our taxes with those of other states so that comprehensive 
recommendations for needed changes and improvements in our tax 
laws may be made to the General Assembly of 1957. Such recom- 
mendations should consider the needs of our State for revenue, the 
equitable distribution of the tax load, as well as North Carolina's 
efforts to bring and to hold industry in competition with other 
States. 

We wish to commend the leadership of our State as it has sought 
to bring new industry to North Carolina. And we particularly ap- 
prove of the way in which these efforts have been directed. North 
Carolina has consistently taken the position that new industries 
should be fairly treated taxwise, but that no effort should be made 
to lure new industries by give-away programs or by gratuities of 
any kind, the position being that the right kind of industry should 
expect only to be treated fairly and to bear its proportionate part 
of the cost of public service. We commend these policies because 
they are not only fair to new industry but are just to established 
industries, many of which were organized and developed by native 
sons and which have borne their share of the cost of government 
for generations, thus developing and enriching our State. 

CONCLUSION 

It is inspiring to contemplate the confidence that the people of 
North Carolina have reposed in the Democratic Party for more 
than half a century. Beginning with Aycock and continuing on into 
the administration of Governor Hodges, we see an unbroken record 
of honest, efficient and progressive government, which, for consist- 
ent fidelity to the public interest, is outstanding by comparison with 
any other State. However, in this solemn hour, it is good for us to 



Democratic Platform 157 

remember that political power is not only a privilege, but also a 
responsibility. And we, the Democrats of North Carolina, hereby 
express our gratitude to the generations of North Carolinians who 
have trusted us with their fate and their fortune, pledging to them 
continued devotion to high ideals as we seek to lead our great State 
upward toward the summit of good living for all our people. 

Our North Carolina Constitution declares that "A frequent re- 
currence to fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve the blessing of liberty." So, in bringing this statement of 
policy to a close, we wish to restate, if you please, our devotion to 
great principles. 

We believe that democracy cannot be effective unless citizens are 
well informed and know the truth respecting the public issues upon 
which they must pass judgment. For this reason, we reaffirm our 
faith in a free press which includes, of course, all modern media of 
communications such as radio and television. At the same time, we 
call upon the press of North Carolina and those through whose 
channels the news is distributed to be conscious always that their 
freedom is a sacred trust that must be administered honestly, fairly 
and without prejudice. The press should not only criticize construc- 
tively the conduct of public affairs, but should likewise have the 
courage of self-criticism. We commend the leadership of the press 
in North Carolina for the high moral plane upon which it has 
generally operated as exemplified by the code of ethics adopted by 
the North Carolina Press Association. Those newspapers that are 
careful to print the unbiased truth are the most effective advocates 
of their own freedom. The Democratic Party affirms its faith in a 
free and responsible press. 

In a world in which mankind lives under the threat of atomic 
destruction and which is darkened by clouds of dictatorship and 
oppression, the Democratic Party of North Carolina proclaims its 
faith in the possibility of a peaceful world in which men, under 
the blessing of liberty, govern themselves. In an age in which 
tyrants seek to force all to conform to official patterns of thinking, 
we assert the importance and the dignity of the individual, his 
right to know, to be educated, to worship as he pleases, to pursue 
truth wherever it may lead, to speak his mind freely, to criticize 
the acts of those in authority and to protest against usurpation in 
public office. In an age in which government is ever expanding and 



158 North Carolina Manual 

ji-rowing- in power, with a consequent temptation to invade the 
citizen's right of privacy, we assert the right of the individual to 
be secure in his home, his property, his business and his person. 
All these freedoms the citizen should have without let or hindrance, 
under the protection of the government itself. Likewise, we de- 
nounce those in government who would buni books or who would 
ill any way attempt to censor free discussion. We condemn "brain- 
washing" and all those tendencies and policies which attempt to 
dull the mind of man, or to in any way regiment his thinking. In 
the spirit of Jefferson, the founder of our great Party, we re- 
dedicate ourselves to the freedom of individuals who as a whole 
constitute the common people for whose welfare and happiness 
parties and governments exist. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

State and District Committees 

Section 1. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall con- 
sist of nine men and nine women from each congressional district 
in the State, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of 
delegates from the congressional districts, held on the morning of 
the State Convention as provided in Section 29, hereof; provided, 
however, that every county shall have at least one member on the 
Committee. 

Sec. 2. As early as is practical after each State Convention, 
the Chairman shall call the State Democratic Executive Committee 
to meet for the purpose of electing a chairman and a vice chair- 
man, one of whom shall be a woman, and each of whom shall serve 
for a term of two years, and until his or her successor shall be 
elected. 

Sec. 3. The Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, as early as practicable after his election, shall appoint his 
advisory or campaign committee, consisting of not less than six 
nor more than twenty-four, with equal representation as to men 
and women, and a secretary of the State Democratic Executive 
Committee. 

Sec. 4. The Congressional Democratic Executive Committee for 
each congressional district in the State shall consist of two mem- 
bers from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the 
preliminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts 
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec- 
tion 29 hereof; provided, however, that in any congressional dis- 
trict embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist 
of three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 5. The Judicial Democratic Executive Committee for each 
judicial district in the State shall consist of two members from 
each county in said district, who shall be elected at the prelimi- 
nary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held 
on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Section 29 
hereof; provided, however, that in any judicial district embracing 
less than five counties, the committee shall consist of three mem- 
bers from each county in the district. 

159 



160 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 5-A. The Solicitorial Democratic Executive Committee for 
each solicitorial district in the State shall consist of two members 
from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the pre- 
liminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held 
on the morning of State Convention as provided by Section 29 
hereof; provided, however, that in any solicitorial district em- 
bracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of three 
members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 6. The State Senatorial Executive Committee for each sena- 
torial district in the State which comprises more than one county 
shall consist of one member from each county in said district, 
who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of delegates from 
the congressional districts held on the morning of the State Con- 
vention as provided by Section 29 hereof. In districts composed 
of only one county, the County Democratic Executive Committee 
of said county shall have jurisdiction as in the matter of county 
candidates. 

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, as soon as practicable after the State 
Convention, to designate one member as chairman and one mem- 
ber as secretary of each of the executive committees provided for 
in each of the foregoing four sections. The State Chairman shall 
notify the members so selected of their appointment, and in case 
any member shall fail or decline to accept such appointment, he 
shall appoint some other member in his stead. 

Sec. 8. All Democratic Executive Committees shall meet at such 
times and places as the chairman of the respective committees may 
appoint and designate in the call. If for any reason there should 
occur a vacancy in the chairmanship of any executive committee, 
or if such chairman should be incapacitated or should fail or 
refuse to act, the secretary shall call a meeting of said executive 
committee for the purpose of electing a successor to the said 
chairman. If no meeting shall be called within five days after 
such vacancy occurs, then any other officer of said executive com- 
mittee, or any three members thereof, may call a meeting to fill 
said vacancy; provided, however, if such vacancy shall be in a 
state senatorial executive committee, in that event, any member 
thereof after said vacancy shall have existed for five days, may 
call a meeting to fill such vacancy. 



Plan of Organization 161 

Sec. 9. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall have 
the power to fill all vacancies occurring in said committee; vacan- 
cies occurring in congressional, judicial, and senatorial committees 
shall be filled by the executive committee of the county in w^hich 
such vacancies occur; precinct committees shall fill all vacancies 
occurring in their respective committee. 

Sec. 10. All officers of the State Executive Committee and the 
National Committeeman and the National Committeewoman from 
the State and the President of the Young Democratic Clubs of the 
State shall be ex officio members of the Committee w^ith the power 
to vote. 

Sec. 11. All executive committees shall have the power to ap- 
point subcommittees or special committees for such purposes and 
with such powers, in their respective jurisdictions, as may be 
deemed necessary or desirable. 

Sec. 12. In each election year the Chairman of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee shall convene said Committee in the 
City of Raleigh on or before the 10th day of March, and at said 
meeting the following business shall be transacted: 

(a) The time and place of holding the State Convention shall 
be determined and duly published. 

(b) A common day shall be fixed, on which all precinct meet- 
ings shall be held for the election of delegates to the county con- 
ventions. 

(c) A common day shall be fixed for the holding of a county 
convention in each county in the State for the purpose of electing 
delegates to the State Convention. 

Sec. 13. Immediately after the adjournment of the aforesaid 
meeting of the State Democratic Executive Committee, it shall be 
the duty of the chairman to publish the proceedings of the same, 
and it shall be the duty of the secretary of the committee to notify, 
in writing, the several chairmen of the County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committees in the State of the respective dates so fixed for 
the holding of precinct meetings and county conventions. Directly 
after receipt of such notice, it shall be the duty of each chairman 
of a County Democratic Executive Committee in the State to fix 
the hour and places for holding the precinct meetings in his 
county, the hour and place for holding the meeting of the County 
Democratic Executive Committee required by the provisions of 
Section 20 to be held on the day of the county convention; and 



162 North Carolina Manual 

thereupon the said chairman shall issue a call for the precinct 
meeting-s, the county convention, and the meetings of the County 
Democratic Executive Committee. The call shall be in writing and, 
at least ten days before the day set for the precinct meetings, it 
shall be posted at the courthouse door of the county and copies 
thereof shall be sent to the chairmen of all precinct committees in 
the county; a copy of the call also shall be sent as a news item to 
each newspaper published in the county. 

County and Precinct Organization 

Sec. 14. The unit of county organization shall be the voting pre- 
cinct. In each precinct there shall be an executive committee con- 
sisting of five active Democrats, at least two of whom shall be 
women, who shall be elected by the Democratic voters at the pre- 
cinct meeting called by the chairman of the County Democratic 
Executive Committee as provided in this plan of organization. The 
precinct committee so elected shall elect from its membership a 
chairman and a vice chairman, one of whom shall be a woman. 

Sec. 15. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the 
chairman of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice 
chairman of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of 
both the chairman and the vice chairman, any member of the com- 
mittee may preside. 

Sec. 16. At the said precinct meeting, the Democratic voters in 
attendance shall elect delegates and alternates to represent the 
precinct in the county convention ; and said delegates or alternates, 
or such of them as shall attend the county convention, shall be 
entitled to vote the full democratic strength of their precinct upon 
all questions, nominations, or elections which may come before 
the county conventions. The chairman, or presiding officer, and the 
secretary of the precinct meeting shall certify to the county con- 
vention the names of the delegates and alternates selected at the 
meeting. 

Sec. 17. Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county 
convention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote 
for fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for 
Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election: provided 
that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in 
the county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many 



Plan of Organization 163 

delegates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to w^hich said pre- 
cinct may be entitled in the county convention. 

Sec. 18. At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall 
be taken on the different questions, nominations, and elections 
anticipated to come before the county convention, and in that 
event, the chairman or presiding officer and the secretary of the 
precinct meeting shall certify to the county convention the vote so 
cast, and the relative vote as fixed in the precinct meeting shall 
not be changed in the county convention, except by two-thirds vote 
of the entire unit of delegates desiring to change its vote. 

Sec. 19. In case there shall be a failure to hold a precinct 
meeting in pursuance of the call of the chairman of the county 
democratic executive committee, or if at any meeting there shall 
be a failure to elect delegates to the county convention, in either 
event, the precinct democratic executive committee shall appoint 
the delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the 
px'ecinct. 

Sec. 20. The chairman of the several precinct committees shall 
compose the County Democratic Executive Committee, which shall 
meet on the same day as the county convention first held in each 
election year, the meeting to be held either before or after the 
convention at an hour and place to be designated in the call issued 
in pursuance of Section 13 hereof. At said meeting a chairman 
of said county executive committee shall be elected. Immediately 
after the election of the chairman, the committee shall elect one 
or more, but not exceeding three, vice chairman, and also a secre- 
tary. If more than one vice chairman shall be elected, the order 
of their succession shall be designated by title, e.g., first vice 
chairman, second vice chairman, third vice chairman. Either the 
chairman or the first vice chairman shall be a woman. The chair- 
man, vice chairman or vice chairmen, or secretary need not be 
members of the County Democratic Executive Committee, but all 
of said officers shall be ex-officio members of the committee, with 
the power to vote, however, at any organizational meeting of said 
County Democratic Executive Committee said ex-officio members 
shall not have the power to vote. If for any reason there should 
occur any vacancy in the chairmanship of a county executive com- 
mittee, by death, resignation, or removal, or if such chairman 
should be incapacitated or should fail or refuse to act, then the 



164 North Carolina Manual 

vice chairman or vice chairmen, in their order of succession, and 
thereafter the secretary, shall, in such order of succession, be 
vested with the full authority and power of the chairman until 
such time as said county executive committee has met and duly 
elected a successor to such chairman. A majority of said precinct 
chairman, in person or by proxy in the person of some active 
Democrat of the precinct in which an absent chairman resides, 
shall constitute a quorum. The county executive committee may 
appoint a central committee of five who shall act in its stead when 
the county executive committee is not in session. 

Sec. 21. In case there shall be a failure to elect any precinct 
executive committee prior to the day of the county convention, 
the County Democratic Executive Committee at its meeting held 
on the day of the said convention shall appoint the committee for 
such precinct. 

Sec. 22. The county executive committee shall have power to 
make any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it 
may deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in 
this plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and 
furnish all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from 
said precinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals 
therefrom; and it shall have the power to raise the funds neces- 
sary to pay the expenses thereof. 

Sec. 23. All county conventions shall be called to order by the 
chairman of the executive committee of such county, and in his 
absence, by the vice chairman or by one of the vice chairmen in 
the order of succession set out in Section 20 hereof, and in his or 
their absence, by any member of the county executive committee 
who may be present at the convention, and in case none of the 
foregoing persons shall be present, then by any delegate to the 
convention, and he shall preside until a permanent chairman is 
elected by the convention. 

Sec. 24. The chairman shall provide the convention with a suf- 
ficient number of secretaries or ready accountants, who shall re- 
duce the votes to decimals and tabulate the same, disregarding 
all fractions after the second or hundredth column. 

Sec. 25. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the convention 
from making nomination by viva voce or acclamation where a 
vote by township or precinct is not demanded by any Democratic 
elector present. 



Plan of Organization 165 

Sec. 26. The County Democratic Executive Committee shall 
have the power to make such other rules and regulations for the 
holding of county conventions not inconsistent herewith, as may be 
deemed necessary or expedient. 

Sec. 27. Any chairman of a county executive committee who 
announces his candidacy for an elective office in the primary shall 
resign immediately as such chairman and the vacancy shall be 
filled as heretofore provided; but any chairman who shall so resign 
may be reelected to such chairmanship if and when a vacancy 
occurs after the primary. 

State Convention Rules 

Sec. 28. The state convention shall be composed of delegates 
appointed by the several county conventions. Each county in the 
State shall be entitled to elect to the State Convention one dele- 
gate and one alternate for every 150 Democratic votes and one 
delegate and one alternate for fractions over 75 Democratic votes 
cast therein for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial 
election. 

Sec. 29. A preliminary meeting of the delegates shall be held 
by each congressional district on the morning of the State Con- 
vention, at rooms to be designated by the State Executive Com- 
mittee, for the purpose of selecting the following committees and 
officers of the convention : 

1. One member of the committee on Eesolutions and Platform. 

2. One member of the committee on Permanent Organization, 
Rules, and Order of Bvisiness, which committee will nominate a 
permanent president and secretary of the convention. 

3. One vice president of the convention. 

4. One district assistant secretary. 

5. One member of the committee on Credentials and Appeals. 

6. Nine men and nine women as members of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, with at least one member being se- 
lected from each county. 

7. Two members from each county for the Congressional, Judi- 
cial, and Solicitorial District Democratic Executive Committees; 
provided, however, in districts embracing less than five counties, 
three members of each said committee shall be elected from each 
county in said district. 



166 North Carolina Manual 

8. One member for each county of the State Senatorial Execu- 
tive Committee where the district embraces more than one county. 

Sec. 30. Such delegates (or alternates of absent delegates), as 
may be present at any Democratic Convention shall be allov^^ed to 
cast the whole vote to which their precinct or county may be 
entitled. 

Sec. 31. In all conventions provided for by this plan, after a 
vote is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until the final 
result of the ballot shall be announced by the chairman of said 
convention. 

Sec. 32. The chairman of the different county conventions shall 
certify the list of delegates and alternates to the State Conven- 
tion, and a certified list of said delegates and alternates to the 
secretary of the State Executive Committee. 

Sec. 33. The secretary of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee shall make up a roll of all delegates and alternates from 
the several counties and transmit the same to the chairman of 
the State Convention. 

Sec. 34. In all conventions a nomination may be made by any 
maiority, even though it be a fraction of a vote. 

Sec. 35. In all State Conventions it shall be the duty of the 
delegates from the several counties to chcose one of their number 
chairman, whose name shall be reported to the president of such 
convention, and whose duty it shall be to cast the vote of his 
county as directed, and the vote as announced by him shall be 
recorded unless some delegate from that county shall challenge its 
accuracy, in which event it shall be the duty of the president of 
the convention to cause the roll of delegates from that county to be 
called, when the vote of such county shall be tabulated and re- 
corded according to the response of its delegates; but in no event 
shall the vote of one county be challenged by a delegate from 
another county. 

Rotation of State Senators in Districts Composed 
of More Than One County 

Sec. 36. That in all State Senatorial Districts composed of more 
than one county, in which it has been the custom to concede the 
right to nominate a senator to one county of this district, by a 
plan of rotation or otherwise, and in which such plan was fol- 



Plan of Organization 167 

lowed in the Primary Election of 1936, the same shall remain in 
full force and effect until terminated as herein provided. 

The executive committees of the several counties composing 
such Senatorial District may hereafter adopt a plan for the nomi- 
nation of candidates for the State Senate by one or more counties 
composing such district, but such plan shall not be effective until 
the executive committee of each of the counties composing the 
district shall, by a majority vote, approve such plan and file with 
the chairman of the State Executive Committee a copy of the 
resolution approving the same. The agreement in any senatorial 
district composed of only two counties may be terminated by a 
majority vote of the county executive committee of any one of the 
counties and in districts of more than two counties by a majority 
vote of each of the executive committees of at least two counties, 
provided that notice of the termination of such agreement must 
be filed with the chairman of the State Executive Committee at 
least 120 days in advance of the date of the primary election at 
which the candidates for the General Assembly are to be nomi- 
nated. The chairman of the State Executive Committee shall 
promptly notify the State Board of Elections of all such agree- 
ments and of the termination thereof. 

Nomination of Candidates for County and Township Offices 

and for the General Assembly in Counties 

Not Under Primary Law 

Sec. 37. In all counties in which the selection of candidates for 
members of the General Assembly and county and township offices 
is not provided for by the primary law, nominations shall be 
made in the following manner : 

(a) The county democratic executive committee shall meet and 
set a time and place for holding a county convention for the nomi- 
nation of candidates for the aforesaid offices, and shall also set 
the time and places for holding the necessary preliminary precinct 
meetings, and thereupon the chairman of the county executive 
committee shall issue a call for the precinct meetings and the 
county convention, notice of which call shall be sent to the pre- 
cinct officials and published in such manner and form as shall be 
directed by the said county executive committee. 



168 North Carolina Manual 

(b) At the meeting- held in each precinct in pursuance of said 
notice, delegates and alternates to repi^esent it in the county con- 
vention shall be elected from the body of the Democratic voters 
of the precinct; and said delegates or alternates, or such of them 
as shall attend the county convention shall be entitled to vote the 
full Democratic strength of their precinct in the nomination of 
candidates and upon all questions which may come before said 
county convention. 

If there is a failure to hold a precinct meeting in pursuance of 
said notice, or if said meeting shall fail to elect delegates to rep- 
resent it in said convention, the precinct executive committee shall 
appoint delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of 
the precinct. 

(c) Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county con- 
vention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote for 
fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for Gov- 
ernor at the last preceding gubernatorial election: provided that 
every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the 
county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many dele- 
gates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said pre- 
cinct may be entitled in the county convention. 

(d) The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chair- 
man of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chair- 
man of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both 
the chairman and vice chairman, any member of the committee 
may preside. 

(e) The county executive committee shall have power to make 
any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it may 
deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this 
plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and furnish 
all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said pre- 
cinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals therefrom. 

Appointment of Democratic Members of 
County Board of Elections 

Sec. 38. The chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee 
in each county shall, before submitting to the State Chairman 
recommendations as to Democratic members of the county Board 



Plan of Organization 169 

of Elections in such county, call a meeting of the democratic 
executive committee of the county and submit such recommenda- 
tions for the approval of the executive committee, and only when 
such recommendations are approved by a majority of the com- 
mittee present, shall same be submitted to the State Chairman by 
the county chairman. The time of such meeting of the respective 
county executive committees for the purpose of passing on such 
recommendations shall be fixed by the State Chairman. 

Miscellaneous Provisions 

Sec. 39. In the several counties of the State where primaries 
are provided for by law, whether optional or mandatory, this plan 
of organization shall nevertheless be followed in all matters not 
inconsistent with such laws. 

Sec. 40. In the nomination of candidates for municipal offices 
to be voted for in any town or city election, where the same is not 
controlled by charter or legislative enactment, a municipal demo- 
cratic executive committee may be created for the purpose of 
facilitating the orderly selection of such candidates. The com- 
mittee shall be composed of five residents of the municipality, at 
least two of whom shall be women, to be elected biennially at a 
meeting of all members of the regular precinct executive com- 
mittee or committees, who reside in the municipality, the meeting 
to be called and presided over by the chairman of the county 
democratic executive committee. It shall be the sole function of 
any municipal democratic executive committee created under the 
provisions of this section to supervise and direct the selection of 
candidates for municipal offices, and in so doing, the committee 
shall follow in principle the procedure set out in Section 37 hereof, 
and to that end, the committee may formulate such rules and 
regulations as may be deemed necessary, practicable and fair in 
applying in principle the procedure set out in said Section 37. 
The committee shall elect from its membership a chairman and 
vice chairman, one of whom shall be a woman; and all vacancies 
in membership shall be filled by the committee. 

Filling Vacancies Among Candidates and Selecting 
Candidates in Special Elections 

Sec. 41. In the event any person nominated as a candidate of 
the Democratic Party of a state office shall die, resign, or for any 



170 North Carolina Manual 

reason become ineligible or disqualified between the date of nomi- 
nation and the ensuing general election, the vacancy caused thereby 
shall be filled by the action of the State Executive Committee; in 
the event of such vacancy in the case of a district office (except in 
a state senatorial district operating under a rotation agreement 
which concedes the candidate for senator or one of the candidates 
for senator to one county) , the vacancy shall be filled by the action 
of the executive committee for such district; and in the event of 
such vacancy in the case of a county office, or the House of Rep- 
resentatives, or the State Senate in a district composed either of 
only one county or of two or more counties operating under a 
rotation agreement which concedes the candidate for senator or 
any one of the candidates for senator to one county, in either of 
said events, the vacancies shall be filled by action of the county 
executive committee of the county wherein such vacancy occurs; 
provided, that should a vacancy occur in any office after a nomi- 
nation has been made, or if a special election shall be ordered to 
fill a vacancy either in the Congress of the United States or in the 
General Assembly of North Carolina, in any or either of said 
event or events, a nomination shall be made by the appropriate 
committee in like manner as hereinbefore provided. Any nomi- 
nation made under the provisions of this section shall be certified 
immediately by the chairman and secretary of the nominating 
committee to the board or boards of elections, State or county, 
having the responsibility of printing and distributing the ballots 
on which the name of the nominee shall appear. 

Sec. 42. The right of appeal shall lie from any subordinate 
committee or convention to the committee or convention next su- 
I>erior thereto, and in all county or state conventions appeals shall 
first be referred to the committee on Credentials and Appeals, or 
a special committee provided by the convention, and the findings 
and reports of such committee had before action thereon by the 
convention. 

Sec. 43. It shall be the duty of the county executive committees 
and their chairmen to make such reports and furnish such informa- 
tion to the chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee 
and chairman of the several district committees as the said State 
and district chairmen may desire. 



Plan of Organization 171 

Sec. 43-A. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall 
appoint a committee of three whose duty it shall be to audit, not 
less frequently than biennially, the financial accounts and balances 
of the Committee. 

Amendments to Plan of Organization 

Sec. 44. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall, by 
a majority vote of the full committee, have power to amend this 
plan of organization. 

The foregoing is the plan of organization of the Democratic 
Party of North Carolina as adopted by the State Democratic 
Executive Committee, at a meeting held in the city of Raleigh 
on the 5th day of March, 1918, together with all amendments 
thereto up to and including a special meeting of said committee 
held in the City of Raleigh on August 20, 1952. 

John D. Larkins, Jr., 
Chairman. 



172 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEES OF THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(From list furnished by Secretary, State Democratic 
Executive Committee) 

STATE DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1956 

OFFICERS 

Chairman John D. Larkins, Jr. 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. John T. Richardson 

Secretary Herman A. Moore 

EX-OFFICIO 

President Young Democratic Clubs of N. C Steve Nimocks, Fayetteville 

National Committeeman B. Everett Jordan, Saxapahaw 

National Committeewoman Mrs. B. B. Everett, Palmyra 

Committees 
First District 

Beaufort Ashley Futrell Washington 

Beaufort Scott Topping Pantego 

Camden Mrs. Jerry Forbes Camden 

Chowan A. B. Harless Edenton 

Currituck Mrs. Dudley Bagley Moyock 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Gates A. P. Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Hertford Mrs. R. H. Jernigan, Jr Ahoskie 

Hyde Mrs. Dick O'Neal New Holland 

Martin Mrs. Elbert Peele Williamston 

Martin Hugh Horton Williamston 

Pasquotank John H. Hall Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. Norman Shannonhouse Elizabeth City 

Perquimans J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

Pitt Mrs. W. J. Bissette Grif ton 

Pitt John G. Clark Greenville 

Tyrrell Mrs. Claire E. Morris Columbia 

Washington Carl Bailey Plymouth 

Second District 

Bertie Mrs. C. W. Beasley Colerain 

Bertie Charles H. Jenkins Aulander 

Edgecombe John H. Price Tarboro 

Edgecombe Mrs. J. W. Sexton Rocky Mount 

Edgecombe Don Gilliam, Jr Tarboro 

Greene Mrs. H. MajTior Hicks Snow Hill 

Greene M. Bruton Taylor Walstonburg 

Halifax Mrs. A. L. Hux Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax Eric W. Rodgers Scotland Neck 

Lenoir Mrs. Woodrow Taylor Deep Run 

Lenoir Mrs. Verdie Noble Deep Run 

Lenoir J. Marvin Rochelle, Sr Kinston 

Northampton Mrs. Grace Duke Parker Lasker 

Northampton J. Guy Revelle Conway 

Warren John H. Kerr, Jr Warren ton 

Warren Mrs. Barker Williams Warrenton 

Wilson S. E. High Wilson 

Wilson Mrs. A. D. Williams Wilson 



State Committees, Democratic 173 

Third District 

Carteret C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. D. F. Merrill Beaufort 

Craven Miss Theresa Shipp New Bern 

Craven D. L. Ward New Bern 

Duplin R. D. Johnson Warsaw 

Duplin Mrs. Vance D. Gavin Kenansville 

Jones Mrs. John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Jones W. M. Whitaker Trenton 

Onslow C. L. Sabiston Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. E. W. Summersill Jacksonville 

Pamlico M. Dewitt Brinson Grantsboro 

Pamlico E. R. Goodwin Oriental 

Pender Mrs. Robert G. Johnson Burgaw 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 

Sampson Mrs. Alvin Sessoms Rt. 2, Newton Grove 

Sampson Henry Vann Clinton 

Wayne Mrs. Sue C. Hooks Fremont 

Wayne W. Dortch Langston Goldsboro 

Fourth District 

Chatham Mrs. Margaret W. Sharpe Chapel Hill 

Chatham J. Speight Wrenn Siler City 

Franklin Walter E. Fuller Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. A. E. Hall Youngsville 

Johnston Mrs. Tom I Davis Selma 

Johnston James R. Poole Smithfield 

Johnston Adam J. Whitley, Jr Smithfield 

Nash Mrs. Don Evans Rocky Mount 

Nash O. B. Moss Spring Hope 

Nash Mrs. G. Ralph Strickland Middlesex 

Randolph E. D. Cranford Asheboro 

Randolph Mrs. Fletcher Craven Ramseur 

Vance Robert B. Taylor Henderson 

Vance Mrs. Elizabeth Wright Henderson 

Wake Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Wake Thomas A. Banks Garner 

Wake Mrs. J. M. Broughton, Sr Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. L. M. Massey Zebulon 

Fifth District 

Caswell S. M. Bason Yancey ville 

Caswell Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill 

Forsyth Calvin Graves Winston-Salem 

Forsyth M rs. Mary Ann Parrish Winston-Salem 

Forsyth William T. Wood Winston-Salem 

Granville Mrs. D. C. Brummitt Oxford 

Granville N. E. Cannady Oxford 

Granville Allen Cross Creedmoor 

Person R. L. Harris Roxboro 

Person E. P. Warren Hurdle Mills 

Rockingham Mrs. J. Hampton Price Leaksville 

Rockingham P. W. Glidewell, Sr Reidsville 

Rockingham J. Hoy t Stultz Draper 

Stokes William F. Marshall Walnut Cove 

Stokes Grace Rodenbough Walnut Cove 

Surry Mrs. Joe Fowler, Jr Mt. Airy 

Surry Frank Moore Dobson 

Surry Livingston Williams Elkin 

Sixth District 

Alamance Eugene A. Gordon Burlington 

Alamance Duke Paris Graham 

Alamance Mrs. John H. Vernon, Sr Burlington 

Alamance E. T. Sanders Burlington 



174 North Carolina Manual 

Durham J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham 

Durham Sam B. Brockwell Durham 

Durham E. C. Brooks, Jr Durham 

Durham Mrs. Mary Trent Semans Durham 

Durham J. S. Stewart Durham 

(iuilford O. A. Kirkman Hi^jh Point 

(luilford Mrs. Ruth Dobson High Point, 

Guilford Frank Lin ville ( )ak Ridge 

Guilford Mrs. W. E. Younts Greensboro 

Guilford C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Marion Y. Keith Greensboro 

Guilford Eugene G. Shaw Raleigh 

Orange Robert O. Forest Hillsboro 

Orange Mrs. George E. Nicholson Chapel Hill 

Seventh District 

Bladen James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Bladen Mrs. E. E. McCuUoch Elizabethtown 

Brunswick S. Bunn Frink Southport 

Brunswick Mrs. Foster Mintz Bolivia 

Columbus Miss Ann McGougan Tabor City 

Columbus W. A. Thompson Lake Waccamaw 

Columbus A. W. Williamson Whiteville 

Cumberland Lester G. Carter, Jr Fayetteville 

Cumberland Heman R. Clark Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Grady Howard Spring Lake 

Harnett Fred Byerly Dunn 

Harnett Mrs. W. H". Byrd Lillington 

New Hanover Mrs. Thomas J. Cause Wilmington 

New Hanover R. M. Kermon Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Alice Strickland Carolina Beach 

Robeson Mrs. W. S. Alexander McDonald 

Robeson E. P. Bond Rowland 

Robeson John S. Butler St. Pauls 

Eighth District 

Anson J. A. Hardison Wadesboro 

Davidson J. Lee Wilson Lexington 

Davidson Miss Shirley Harris Thomasville 

Davie G.H.C. Shutt Mocksville 

Hoke J. Benton Thomas Raef ord 

Lee Ralph Monger, Jr Sanford 

Lee W. E. Horner Sanford 

Montgomery T. Wade Bruton Raleigh 

Moore W. P. Saunders Southern Pines 

Moore Bess McCaskill Carthage 

Richmond J. Elsie Webb Rockingham 

Richmond Mrs. Norman K. Lee Rockingham 

Scotland James R. McKenzie Laurinburg 

Union Max Thomas Marshville 

Union Miss Edith Marsh Monroe 

Wilkes W. H. McElwee North Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Miss Zell Harris Roaring River 

Yadkin Fred J. Brandon Yadkinville 

Ninth District 

Alexander Mrs. Harry Miller Stony Point 

Alexander Mrs. R. E. Current Taylorsville 

Alleghany R. F. Crouse Sparta 

Alleghany Mrs.Edna Thompson Sparta 

Ashe Mrs. Elizabeth Hensley West Jefferson 

Ashe Ira T. Johnson JefTerson 

Caldwell E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Caldwell F. H. Hoover Lenoir 

Caldwell Mrs. Margaret B. Moore Lenoir 

Cabarrus G. Lee White Concord 



State Committees, Democratic 175 

Cabarrus Mrs. H. B. Robertson Kannapolis 

Iredell D. D. Nantz, Sr Statesville 

Iredell Mrs. E. M. Land Statesville 

Rowan George Uzzell Salisbury 

Rowan Mrs. Ervin Lambert Salisbury 

Stanly Vann B. Smith Oakboro 

Stanly Mrs. Everette Beam Albemarle 

Watauga Clyde Perry Sugar Grove 

Watauga Mrs. R. C. Rivers, Jr Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery Robert T. Lewis Minneapolis 

Avery Hope B. Teaster Minneapolis 

Burke Sam J. Ervin, III Morganton 

Burke T. Earle Franklin Morganton 

Burke Mrs. Yates Palma Valdese 

Catawba Theo F. Cummings Hickory 

Catawba Martha L. Vander Linden Hickory 

Catawba George L. Wilkinson Newton 

Lincoln Mrs. Hal Heafner Lincolnton 

Lincoln Arnold E. Tarr ; Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg Mrs. R. E. McDowell Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Martha Evans Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Peggy Hurt Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Ben Huntly Himtersville 

Mecklenburg Alfred E. Smith Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Thomas Watkins Charlotte 

Mitchell U. D. Hensley Bakersville 

Mitchell Nathan H. Yelton Bakersville 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland O. M. Mull Shelby 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Cleveland Clyde Nolan Shelby 

Gaston George Jenkins Gastonia 

Gaston Mrs. Rubye Rhyne Gastonia 

Gaston W. O. Barrett Mt. Holly 

Madison A. E. Leake Marshall 

Madison Fred Freeman Marshall 

McDowell Robert W. Proctor Marion 

McDowell Mrs. John Poteat Marion 

McDowell Hugh Beam Marion 

Polk Mrs. Janie Thompson Columbus 

Polk Fred Smith Tryon 

Rutherford O. J. Holler Union Mills 

Rutherford Charles C. Dalton Spindale 

Rutherford M rs. Mildred Moore Forest City 

Yancey Miss Hope Buck Burnsville 

Yancey Mark Bennett Burnsville 

Twelfth District 

Buncombe Philip Cocke Asheville 

Buncombe Don S. Elias Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. Ruth Goodson Asheville 

Cherokee H. L. McKeever Murphy 

Clay C. L. Davis Hayesville 

Graham Jack Morphew Robbinsville 

Haywood Mrs. Mary Robinson Canton 

Haywood Joe N. Tate, Jr Waynesville 

Henderson H. E. Buchanan Henderson ville 

Henderson Mrs. B. J. Romeo Hendersonville 

Jackson Mrs. Frank Brown, Jr CuUowhee 

Jackson Mrs. Dan K. Moore Sylva 

Macon Clyde West Franklin 



176 North Carolina Manual 

Macon Mrs. Kate Wren Franklin 

Swain W. E. Elmore Bryson City 

^*a">-; ■ • • : Mrs. W. T. Jenkins Brvson City 

Transylvania Thomas R. EUer, Jr ' Brevard 

1 ransylvania Mrs. J. E. Osborn ] Brevard 



State Democratic Conj?ressional District Executive 

Committee 

1956 

First District 

Beaufort R„bt. P. Mackenzie Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. Wilton Smith Bath 

Camden J W. Gary -. -. ; :South Mills 

Camden Mrs. P. P. Gregory Shawboro 

Chowan P. S^ McMullen Edenton 

Chowan B. W. Evans RFD, Edenton 

Curntuck Dudley Bagley Moyock 

CuTituck S. A. Walker Snowden 

^are Mrs. Thomas Basnight Manteo 

Dare C. R. Evans Manteo 

Cates L. C. Hand GatesviUe 

gates R. E. Miller GatesviUe 

Hertford H. W. Green Ahoskie 

Hertford R. H. Underwood Murfreesboro 

"yde Mrs. Margaret Lupton Scran ton 

f/af. M. A. Matthews Engelhard 

Martin J. R. Winslow RobersonviUe 

Martin Hugh Horton WiUiamston 

Pasquotank Miles Ferebee Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. Farmer Midgette Elizabeth Citv 

Perquimans W. F. Ainsley Hertford 

Perquimans J. H. Towe Hertford 

Pitt C. W. Everette Bethel 

Pitt W. I. Bissette Grifton 

^y"^]] Julian H. Swain Columbia 

/yrrell Mrs. Blanche Coborn Columbia 

• Washington W. T. Freeman Plymouth 

Washington Mrs. James H. Ward Plymouth 

Second District 

Bertie H B. Spruill Windsor 

Bertie Mrs. L. D. Perry Colerain 

Edgecombe V'inson Bridgers Tarboro 

Edgecombe C. W. Wickham ' ' Tarboro 

Creene M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill 

§■"??»« Harry S Taylor Hookerton 

ga ifax W. B. AUsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

f'alifax Mrs. Lois Grumpier Roanoke Rapids 

fenoir J. C Hooten Grifton 

Lenoir A. H. Jeffries Kinston 

Northampton J. Ivey Bridgers Conway 

Northampton Mrs. Julian Porter Severn 

Warren R W. Thornton V//, .Littleton 

Warren WE. Turner R 2, Henderson 

Wilson Jeff Batts Wilson 

Wilson John D. Wilson [[ Wilson 



State Committees, Democratic 177 

Third District 

Carteret Irvin W. Davis Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Craven Mrs. N. C. Reed, Jr New Bern 

Craven J. E. Wetherington Vanceboro 

Duplin Mrs. Frank Casteen Faison 

Duplin David Henderson Wallace 

Jones Mrs. George Hughes PoUocksville 

Jones John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Onslow Herbert Eastwood Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. John Murrill Jacksonville 

Pamlico J. C. Wiley Grantsboro 

Pamlico Mrs. R. A. Wharton Bayboro 

Pender Leon H. Corbett Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. A. B. Herring Watha 

Sampson Milton Carter Garland 

Sampson Mrs. Gertrude Cooper Salemburg 

Fourth District 

Chatham Carl G. Butler Pittsboro 

Chatham Herman Scott Chapel Hill 

Franklin T. M. Harris Louisburg 

Franklin W. P. Pearce, Jr Franklinton 

Johnston E. W. Ellis Clayton 

Johnston Mrs. Ed L. White Pine Level 

Nash Don T. Evans Rocky Mount 

Nash John D. Weaver Rocky Mount 

Randolph S. Davis Cranford Asheboro 

Randolph Archie L. Smith Asheboro 

Vance E. O. Falkner Henderson 

Vance Robert S. Hight Henderson 

Wake J. H. Anderson, Jr Raleigh 

Wake Banks Arendell Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Caswell A.J. Florence Yancey ville 

Caswell W. C. Taylor Blanche 

Forsyth Heartt Bryant Clemmons 

Forsyth Cliff Harper Winston-Salem 

Granville Clarence Jones Creedmoor 

Granville B. S. Royster Oxford 

Person E. G. Thompson Roxboro 

Person D. W. Bradsher Roxboro 

Rockingham Jake Balsley Reidsville 

Rockingham J. S. Burton, Sr Reidsville 

Stokes Mrs. Marjorie Christian Danbury 

Stokes A.J. Ellington Walnut Cove 

Surry Franklin Folger Elkin 

Surry L. W. Haynes Mt. Airy 

Sixth District 

Alamance C. C. Bayliff Graham 

Alamance Melvin H. Hearn Haw River 

Alamance D. K. Muse Mebane 

Durham S. E. Blaine Durham 

Durham Ellis E. Jones Durham 

Durham Wilbur Hobby Durham 

Guilford John Caffey Greensboro 

Guilford Andrew Joyner, Jr Greensboro 

Guilford Dave Neal High Point 

Orange Collier Cobb, Jr Chapel Hill 

Orange Miss Harriett Herring Chapel Hill 

Orange L. J. Phipps Hillsboro 



178 North Carolina Manual 



Seventh District 

Bladen Charlie Braddy Council 

Bladen R. J. Hester Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Mrs. Lois Lane Herring Southport 

Brunswick Ray H. Walton Southport 

Columbus J. A. Thompson Lake Waccamaw 

Columbus L. R. Wayne Lake Waccamaw 

Cumberland R. H. Butler Fayetteville 

Cumberland 

Harnett H. S. HoUoway Fuquay Springs 

Harnett Mrs. W. E. Nichols Coats 

New Hanover Glenn M. Tucker Carolina Beach 

New Hanover Mrs. J. W. West Wilmington 

Eighth District 

Anson W. E. Brock Wadesboro 

Anson John Crawford Wadesboro 

Davidson George Hundley Thomasville 

Davidson E. T. Morris Lexington 

Davie E. C. Tatum Cooleemee 

Davie J- B. Cain 

Hoke Sam C. Morris Raeford 

Hoke John Flannery 

Lee Robert Dalrymple Broadway 

Lee J- Glenn Edwards Sanford 

Montgomery Garland C. Garriss Troy 

Montgomery Chas. A. Dorsett Mt. Gilead 

Moore J- Hubert McCaskill Pinehurst 

Moore Mrs. W. G. Brown Carthage 

Richmond J. Brant Lear Rockingham 

Richmond Clyde H. Gausey Rockingham 

Scotland P- D. Jones Laurinburg 

Scotland Jim Sutherland Laurinburg 

Union Kemp Armfield Marshville 

Union Mrs. Henry Hall Wilson Monroe 

Wilkes Clyde Beshears N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Harry Summers N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Paul Speer, Sr Boonville 

Yadkin Fred C. Hobson Yadkin ville 

Ninth District 

Alexander Earl Current Stony Point 

Alexander Mrs. T. D. Crouch Stony Point 

Alleghany W. F. Osbourne Sparta 

Alleghany Edwin Duncan Sparta 

Ashe Wade E. Vannoy Jefferson 

Ashe Thomas Bowie W. Jefferson 

Caldwell Mrs. J. G. Spencer Lenoir 

Caldwell J. C. Talbert Lenoir 

Cabarrus Dr. J. O. Nolan Kannapolis 

Cabarrus R- Ray McEachern Concord 

Iredell Ralph Millsaps, Jr Statesville 

Iredell W. C. Morris Statesville 

Rowan J. F. Hurley Salisbury 

Rowan Wm. D. Kizziah Salisbury 

Stanly O.J. Sikes Albemarle 

Stanly J. B. Little Albemarle 

Watauga Gordon Taylor Boone 



State Committees, Democratic 179 



Tenth District 

Avery Bynum Dobbin Pineola 

Avery Mrs. W. D. Tennant Pineola 

Burke H. McDowell Estes Morgan ton 

Catawba D. Locke Russell Hickory 

Catawba Mrs. Marguerite Trott Newton 

Lincoln D. E. Garrison Lincoln ton 

Lincoln Luke Grooms Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg G. M. Bogan Charlotte 

Mecklenburg John Ray Charlotte 

Mitchell W. B. Ellis Bakersville 

Mitchell R. T. Phillips Bakersville 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland David Royster Shelby 

Cleveland Robert Morgan Shelby 

Gaston Grady B. Stott Gastonia 

Gaston J. A. Blackwelder Cherry ville 

Madison Bryan Teague Marshall 

Madison Floyd Wallin Marshall 

McDowell J. W. Streetman Marion 

McDowell O. F. Adkins Marion 

Polk Mrs. Annie Mae Walker Campobello, S.C. 

Polk J. W. Durham Tryon 

Rutherford Robert Blanton Forest City 

Rutherford Robert Edwards Rutherfordton 

Yancey Mrs. Charles Hutchins Burnsville 

Yancey '. '. Mrs. E. R. Ohle Celo 

Twelfth District 

Buncombe Francis J. Hazel Asheville 

Buncombe J- Harris Sample Asheville 

Cherokee H. A. Mattox Murphy 

Cherokee Richard Mauney Murphy 

Clay Mai R. Kitchens 

Clay Jack R. Rogers 

Graham Mrs. Opal Long Robbinsville 

Graham Leonard Llovd Robbinsville 

Haywood Joe Campbell Maggie 

Haywood Richard Queen Waynesville 

Henderson Monroe Redden, Jr Hendersonville 

Henderson R. L. Whitmire, Jr Hendersonville 

Jackson Ed Bryson CuUowhee 

Jackson Crawford Shelton Whittier 

Macon W. C. Burrell Frankhn 

Macon Jess Shope Franklin 

Swain McKinley Edward Bryson City 

Swain Frank Hyatt ■ 

Transylvania Clara Bryson Brevard 

Transylvania B. H. Freeman Brevard 



180 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Judicial District Executive Committees 

1956 

First District 

Camden R. L. Bray Belcross 

Camden R. L. Whaley Camden 

Chowan Marvin Wilson Edenton 

(Chowan Mrs. John F. White Edenton 

Curriluck E. Ray Etheridge Shawboro 

Currilui-k Leroy Powers Moyock 

Dare Martin Kellogg, Jr Manteo 

Dare Victor Meekins Manteo 

Gates F. H. Rountree Sunbury 

Gates G. P. Kittrell Corapeake 

Pasquotank W. L. Thompson Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. W. O. Dawson Elizabeth City 

Perquimans C. R. Holmes Hertford 

Perquimans W. G. Edwards Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort W. B. Carter Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. G. W. Marsh Bath 

Hyde W. H. Cox Engelhard 

Hyde Keith Dunbar Seranton 

Martin A. Corey Jamesville 

Martin Paul D. Roberson Robersonville 

Tyrrell Harry Swain Columbia 

Tyrrell Preston Walker Columbia 

Washington W. Blount Rodman Plymouth 

Washington Carl L. Bailey, Jr Plymouth 

Third District 

Carteret A. Luther Hamilton Morehead City 

Carteret Mrs. Sam Adler Morehead City 

Craven John Simpson Vanceboro 

Craven Mrs. Emma Stocks Jasper 

Pamlico B. B. Hollo well Bayboro 

Pamlico Mrs. Ernest Harrison Bayboro 

Pitt J. B. Lewis Farmville 

Pitt J. H. Harrell Greenville 

Pitt Robert Booth Ayden 

Fourth District 

Duplin R. D. Johnson, Jr Warsaw 

Duplin Mrs. Christine Williams Kenansville 

Jones George R. Hughes Pollocksville 

Jones Mrs. R. P. Bender Pollocksville 

Onslow Zennie L. Riggs Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. W. Victor Venters Richlands 

Sampson H. H. Hubbard Clinton 

Sampson J. C. Moore Clinton 

Fifth District 

New Hanover Cicero P. Yow Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Marie G. Butler Wilmington 

Pender J. J. Best Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. J. J. Howard Hampstead 



State Committees, Democratic 181 

Sixth District 

Bertie Joseph W. Parker Windsor 

Bertie Mrs. Ed Pugh Windsor 

Halifax M.S. Benton Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax Mrs. Calvin Kennerman Roanoke Rapids 

Hertford J. Carlton Cherry Ahoskie 

Hertford J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

Northampton Angus A. McKellar Jackson 

Northampton R. H. Johnson Conway 

Seventh District 

Edgecombe O. T. Leary Tarboro 

Edgecombe Cameron Weeks Tarboro 

Nash L. L. Davenport Nashville 

Nash I. T. Valentine, Jr Nashville 

Wilson Mitchell P. Farris Wilson 

Wilson James Manning Wilson 

Eighth District 

Greene I. J. Horton Snow Hill 

Greene Walter G. Shepherd Snow Hill 

Lenoir Tom Davis Pink Hill 

Lenoir. Marion A. Parrott Kinston 

Wayne John J. Dortch Goldsboro 

Wayne Wm. A. Dees, Jr Goldsboro 

Ninth District 

Franklin Ed F. Yarborough Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. Walter E. Fuller Louisburg 

Granville Edward Taylor Oxford 

Granville W. W. Whitfield Creedmoor 

Person Richard Long 

Person T. F. Davis 

Vance R. G. Kittrell, Jr Henderson 

Vance Fred S. Royster Henderson 

Warren John M. Piquot Littleton 

Warren R. H. Bright Warren ton 

Tenth District 

Wake Carl Holleman Raleigh 

Wake Col. W. T. Joyner Raleigh 

Wake A. L. Purrington Raleigh 

Eleventh District 

Harnett Neil McK. Salmon Lillington 

Harnett Howard Godwin Dunn 

Harnett L. M. Chaffin Lillington 

Johnston H. R Britt Smithfield 

Johnston J. Narvin Creech Smithfield 

Lee K R. Hoyle Sanford 

Lee D. B. Teague Sanford 

Twelfth District 

Cumberland Terry Sanford Fayetteville 

Cumberland Grady Howard Spring Lake 

Hoke Charles Hostetler Raeford 

Hoke , N. H. C. Balfour Lumber Bridge 



182 North Carolina Manual 

Thirteenth District 

Bladen Edward Clark Elizabethtown 

Bladen Frank Grady Elizabethtown 

Brunswiek Earnest Parker Southport 

Brunswick E. J. Prevatt Southport 

Columbus W. H. Powell Whiteville 

Columbus D.J. Hooks Whiteville 

Fourteenth District 

Durham John E. Markham Durham 

Durham M. H. Thompson Durham 

Durham J. N. Brame Durham 

Fifteenth District 

Alamance D. M. McLelland Elon College 

Alamance L. C. Allen, Jr Burlington 

Alamance S. F. Hensley Graham 

Chatham Ike F. Andrews Siler City 

Chatham Mrs. Lacy Alston Pittsboro 

Orange F. O. Bowman Chapel Hill 

Orange S. M. Gattis, Jr Hillsboro 

Orange Mrs. W. M. Snipes 

Sixteenth District 

Robeson R. L. Campbell Rowland 

Robeson E. K. Butler Lumberton 

Scotland Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

Scotland Gilbert Medlin Laurinburg 

Seventeenth District 

Caswell C. L. Pemberton Yanceyville 

Caswell D. D. Chandler Yanceyville 

Rockingham A. D. Ivey Leaksville 

Rockingham Jess Moore Reidsville 

Stokes Leonard Van Noppen Danbury 

Stokes R. L. Smith Danbury 

Surry P. O. Wilson Pilot Mountain 

Surry A. B. Carter Mt. Airy 

Eighteenth District 

Guilford Shelley B. Caviness Greensboro 

Guilford Archie Myatt, Jr High Point 

Guilford Wynne Bevill Brown Summit 

Nineteenth District 

Cabarrus John Sharpe Hartsell Concord 

Cabarrus Bedford Black Kannapolis 

Montgomery Garland C. Garriss Troy 

Montgomery Chas. A. Dorsett Mt. Gilead 

Randolph L. T. Hammond Randleman 

Randolph T. R. Wall Liberty 

Rowan T. K. Carlton Salisbury 

Rowan J. Giles Hudson, Jr Salisbury 

Rowan Ira Swicegood Salisbury 

Twentieth District 

Anson Fred J. Coxe Wadesboro 

Anson Moran D. McLendon, Jr Wadesboro 

Moore E. O. Brogden Carthage 

Moore W. Lamont Brown Southern Pines 

Richmond Hugh A. Lee Rockingham 



State Committees, Democratic 183 

Richmond Mark Frutchey R-I, Mt. Gilead 

Stanly R. R. Ingram Albemarle 

Stanly P. D. Lowder Albemarle 

Stanly S. P. Williams Albemarle 

Union J. H. Price Monroe 

Union Carr Price R-6, Monroe 

Twenty-first District 

Forsyth Earnest Shore Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Phillip Lucas Winston-Salem 

Twenty-second District 

Alexander L. P. Jackary Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. J. C. Connally Taylorsville 

Davidson C. W. Mauze Lexington 

Davidson Carlos Kennedy Thomasville 

Davidson Beamer Barnes Lexington 

Davie George Martin Mocksville 

Davie Mrs. R. S. McNeill Mocksville 

Iredell I. T. Avery, Jr Statesville 

Iredell Grant Balmer Mooresville 

Iredell W. R. Pope Mooresville 

Twenty-third District 

Alleghany Worth Folger Sparta 

Alleghany Gene R. Irwin Sparta 

Ashe Mrs. Ed M. Anderson West Jefferson 

Ashe J. Ivan Miller West Jefferson 

Ashe W. G. V'annoy West Jefferson 

Wilkes Homer Brockshire North Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Max Ferree North Wilkesboro 

Yadkin R. B. Matthews East Bend 

Yadkin Mrs. Orlyle Calloway 

Twenty-fourth District 

Avery R. W. Wall Newland 

Avery Mrs. Arizona Hughes Newland, Route 

Madison E. Y. Ponder Marshall 

Madison Tom Russell Hot Springs 

Mitchell Frank Watson Spruce Pine 

Mitchell Mrs. Nell Wilson Bakersville 

Watauga 

Watauga 

Yancey C. P. Randolph Burnsville 

Yancey D. R. Fouts Burnsville 

Twenty-Fifth District 

Burke Jack Kirksey Morgan ton 

Burke W. Harold Mitchell Valdese 

Caldwell 

Caldwell 

Catawba Young M. Smith Hickory 

Catawba Stanley J. Come Newton 

Twenty-sixth District 

Mecklenburg Porter Byrum Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Paul Ervin Charlotte 



184 



North Carolina Manual 



.C. C. Horn Shelby 

.B. T. Falls, Sr Shelby 

. Harley B. Gaston Belmont 

James AUran, Jr .• Cherry ville 

. A. L. Tait Lincolnton 

. K. B. Nixon Lincolnton 



Twenty-seventh District 

Cleveland 
Cleveland 
Gaston . . . 
Gaston . . . 
Lincoln . . 
Lincoln . . 

Twenty-eighth District 

Buncombe Wm. C. Morris Asheville 

Buncombe Edward O'Donnell Barnardsville 

Twenty-ninth District 

Henderson A.J. Redden Henderson ville 

Henderson Frank Todd Henderson ville 

McDowell E. P. Dameron Marion 

McDowell W. B. Lonon Marion 

Polk Wm. A. McFarland Columbus 

Polk John R. Burgess Columbus 

Rutherford B. T. Jones Forest City 

Rutherford Clyde Keeter Lake Lure 

Transylvania Milton L. Herzog Brevard 

Transylvania Robert T. Gash Brevard 

Thirtieth District 

Cherokee Ralph Moody Murphy 

Cherokee Herman Edwards Murphy 

Clay R. T. Long 

Clay Glen Byers 

Graham Leonard Floyd 

Graham Ray Carver 

Haywood Jack West Waynesville 

Haywood Gaston Burnett R-2, Canton 

Jackson David M. Hall Sylva 

Jackson William Harris 

Macon Banks Finger. Franklin 

Macon Guy Houck Franklin 

Swain Robert Jackson Letherwood Bryson City 

Swain Lexie Trawick (Mrs.) Bryson City 



State Committees, Democratic 185 

State Democratic Senatorial Executive Committees 

1956 

First District 

Bertie Raleigh Lawrence Colerain 

Camden H. C. Ferebee Camden 

Chowan Mrs. Josie Ruth Carr Eden ton 

Currituck John Wright, Jr Jarvisburg 

Gates J. E. Gregory Sunbury 

Hertford Gordon Maddrey Ahoskie 

Pasquotank N. Elton Aydlette Elizabeth City 

Perquimans W. H. Pitt Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort Dr. Zeno Edwards Washington 

Dare Melvin R. Daniels Wanchese 

Hyde CM. Swindell Fairfield 

Martin Clarence Griffin Williamston 

Pamlico Raymond E. Dunn Olympia 

Tyrrell Harvey Davis Columbia 

Washington Thos. H. Hampton Plymouth 

Third District 

Northampton Leon Blythe Seaboard 

Vance Bennett H. Perry, Sr Henderson 

Warren W. R. Drake Macon 

Fourth District 

Edgecombe Randolph Eagles Macclesfield 

Halifax W. E. Bellamy Scotland Neck 

Fifth District 

Pitt County Executive Committee Greenville 

Sixth District 

Franklin J. Fred Perry Zebulon, Rt. 2 

Nash John T. Morton Rocky Mount 

Wilson Albert S. Thomas Wilson 

Seventh District 

Carteret M. C. Howard Newport 

Craven Norris C. Reed, Jr New Bern 

Greene Percy Holden SnowHill 

Jones R. P. Bender PoUocksville 

Lenoir Paul LeRoque Kinston 

Onslow James K. Sabiston Jacksonville 

Eighth District 

Johnston J. Marvin Johnson Smithfield 

Wayne Ralph Howell Goldsboro 

Ninth District 

Duplin Grady Mercer Beaulaville 

New Hanover Wallace Murchison Wilmington 

Pender A. H. Davis Burgaw 

Sampson J. C. Morrisey Clinton 

Tenth District 

Bladen Albert Thompson Bladenboro 

Brunswick Odell Williamson Shallotte 

Columbus Dr. Ross Williams Tabor City 

Cumberland W. D. Milner Fayetteville 



186 North Carolina Manual 



Eleventh District 

Robeson H. A. McKimmon Lumberton 

Twelfth District 

Harnett J. T. Lamb Lillington 

Hoke Harry A. Greene Raeford 

Moore Charles M. McLeod Carthage 

Randolph W. B. Stamey Liberty 

Thirteenth District 

Chatham Joe H. Hargrove Siler City 

Lee Dr. J. H. Byerly Sanford 

Wake Harvey Holding Wake Forest 

Fourteenth District 

Durham Bruce E. Riddle Durham 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Person J. S. Merritt 

Fifteenth District 

Caswell W. A. Cobb 

Rockingham Clarence Stone Stoneville 

Sixteenth District 

Alamance Thomas E. Mitchell Elon College 

Orange Clyde C. Carter Chapel Hill 

Seventeenth District 

Guilford 

Eighteenth District 

Davidson Ralph Ennes Thomasville 

Montgomery Charles M. McLeod Carthage 

Richmond Harllie McDonald, Sr Rockingham 

Scotland C. L. Jones Laurinburg 

Nineteenth District 

Anson Avery Hightower Wadesboro 

Stanly Crayton C. Efird Albemarle 

Union Irwin Price Monroe 

Twentieth District 

Mecklenburg C. V. Pridgen Charlotte 

Twenty-first District 

Cabarrus Brice J. Williford Kannapolis 

Rowan Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

Twenty-second District 

Forsyth 

Twenty-third District 

Stokes E. M. Taylor Danbury 

Surry Glenn Stone Pilot Mountain 

Twenty-fourth District 

Davie Mrs. Clyde W. Young Mocksville 

Wilkes C. C. Faw, Sr North Wilkesboro 

Yadkin C. E. Hartman Yadkinville 

Twenty-fifth District 

Catawba John M. Abernathy Newton 

Iredell Troy F. Pope Statesville 

Lincoln Frank Kuck Lincoln ton 



State Committees, Democratic 187 

Twenty-sixth District 

Gaston R- Grady Rankin Gastonia 

Twenty-seventh District 

Cleveland D. W. Royster Shelby 

McDowell V. E. Price Marion 

Rutherford O. A. Harrill Spindale 

Twenty-eighth District 

Alexander J. H. Willett Hiddenite 

Burke O. H. Pons Valdese 

Caldwell D. A. Coffey Lenoir 

Twenty-ninth District 

Alleghany Clay Fox Scottsville 

Ashe W. B. Austin Jefferson 

Watauga John Bingham Boone 

Thirtieth District 

Avery Kenneth Anderson Newland 

Madison Pearson Ball Rt. 1, Marshall 

Mitchell Rex Wilson Spruce Pine 

Yancey Paul Buck Rt. 3, Burnsville 

Thirty-first District 

Buncombe E. L. Lof tin Asheville 

Thirty-second District 

Haywood W. G. Bvers Clyde 

Henderson Nathaniel Boone Henderson viUe 

Jackson Hoyle Deitz Rt. 2, Sylva 

Polk Eugene Anderson Saluda 

Transylvania E. M. Medford Penrose 

Thirty-third District 

Cherokee Lloyd Hendrix Murphy 

Clay H. M. Moore Hayesville 

Graham J. Booth Crisp Robbinsville 

Macon Frank I. Murray Franklin 

Swain Charles R. Crawford Bryson City 



188 North Carolina Manual 

State Solicitorial District Executive Committees 

1956 

First District 

Beaufort Mrs. Earl Hickman Chocowinity 

Beaufort Carver Wallace Pinetown 

Camden Ashton Leary Camden 

Camden W. F. Williams South Mills 

Chowan W. S. Privott Eden ton 

Chowan J. W. Pruden Edenton 

Currituck Wilton Walker, Jr Currituck 

Currituck W. W. Jarvis, Jr Moyock 

Dare M. K. Fearing Manteo 

Dare Robert H. Midgett Manteo 

Gates Tazewell Eure Gatesville 

Gates C. C. Edwards Sunbury 

Hyde S. A. Long Engelhard 

Hyde H. E. Rhem Rt. 1, Belhaven 

Pasquotank Noah Burfoot Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank John D. McMuUen Elizabeth City 

Perquimans S. M. Whedbee Hertford 

Perquimans Charles Johnson Hertford 

Tyrrell C. E. Morris Columbia 

Tyrrell Hilton Summons Columbia 

Second District 

Edgecombe W. G. Clark, Jr Tarboro 

Edgecombe W. Eugene Simmons Tarboro 

Martin A. E. James Robersonville 

Martin Hugh M. Martin Williamston 

Nash Ben K. Neville Whitaker 

Nash I. T. Valentine, Sr Nashville 

Washington W. R. Gaylord Plymouth 

Washington Z. V. Norman Plymouth 

Wilson Tom Daniel Wilson 

Wilson Mrs. Sharpe Newton Wilson 

Third District 

Bertie C. B. Griffin Woodland 

Bertie E. R. Tyler Roxobel 

Halifax Harry Fishel Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax R. E. Shervette Enfield 

Hertford J. B. Bly the Harrellsville 

Hertford R. T. Vann Murfreesboro 

Northampton Garland Barnes Severn 

Northampton W. H. S. Burgwyn, Jr Woodland 

Vance Geo. W. Blackburn Henderson 

Vance Henry W. Hight Henderson 

Warren T. P." Hicks Norlina 

Warren W. S. Smiley Macon 

Fourth District 

Chatham Jesse O. Fearington Pittsboro 

Chatham Mrs. Beulah Snarr Siler City 

Harnett Mrs. E. H. Lassiter Erwin 

Harnett H. C. Strickland Angier 

Johnston J. Dobbin Bailey. Kenly 

Johnston W. H. Britt Smithfield 

Lee Ray Byerly Sanford 

Lee Deia F. Harris, Jr Sanford 

Wayne J. Frank McGinnis Goldsboro 

Wayne Harry W. Tatum Goldsboro 



State Committees, Democratic 189 

Fifth District 

Carteret Hugh Salter Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. C. L. Beam Beaufort 

Craven Miss Lenora Carrawan New Bern 

Craven C. D. Lancaster New Bern 

Greene Cecil Beaman Snow Hill 

Greene Geo. W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Jones Mrs. John M. Hargett Rt. 3, Trenton 

Jones Starling Pelietier Maysville 

Pamlico Mrs. Sadie B. Lupton Vandemere 

Pamlico Z. V. Rawls Bayboro 

Pitt L. W. Gaylord, Jr Greenville 

Pitt S. B. Underwood Greenville 

Sixth District 

Duplin Henry L. Stevens, III Warsaw 

Duplin Mrs. Winifred T. Wells Wallace 

Lenoir C. Brantley Aycock Kinston 

Lenoir John G. Dawson Kinston 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. J. N. Starling Hubert 

Sampson Bynum Jackson Rt. 1, Godwin 

Sampson W. D. Hall Clinton 

Seventh District 

Franklin John W. King Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. Hugh W. Perry Louisburg 

Franklin Jas. P. Lumpkin Louisburg 

Wake W. A. Hinton Apex 

Wake Howard E. Manning Raleigh 

Wake Charles H. Young Raleigh 

Eighth District 

Brunswiclv Kenly Sullivan Leland 

Brunswick R. L. Rabon Winnebow 

Columbus Sankey Roberson Whiteville 

Columbus Ed Williamson Chadbourn 

New Hanover Henry C. Bost Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. J. C. Birmingham Wilmington 

Pender Mrs. H. P. Bell, Jr Currie 

Pender W. E. Blake Burgaw 

Ninth District 

Bladen Rufus Britt Bladenboro 

Bladen Leon Smith Elizabethtown 

Cumberland Mrs. Joyce Sprouse Fayetteville 

Cumberland A. A. Da vis Hope Mills 

Hoke J. M. Andrews Raeford 

Hoke H. D. Harrison Raeford 

Robeson Sam C. Floyd Fairmont 

Robeson John W. Campbell Lumberton 

Tenth District 

Alamance A.M. Carroll Burlington 

Alamance W. S. Harris, Jr Graham 

Alamance Dr. J. H. Hawkins Graham 

Durham T. R. Bane Durham 

Durham A. D. Atwater Durham 

Durham J. Grover Lee Durham 

Granville T. W. Allen Creedmoor, Rt. 1 

Granville W. M. Hicks Oxford 

Orange Roy Cole Hillsboro 

Orange Charles B. Hodson Chapel Hill 

Orange Mrs. R. E. Hughes Chapel Hill 

Person R. P. Burns Roxboro 

Person R. B. Davis Roxboro 



190 North Carolina Manual 



Eleventh District 

Alleghany Alton Thompson Sparta 

AlloKhany Amos WaKoner, Jr Sparta 

Asho. . . " R. W. Barr West Jefferson 

Ashe Mrs. B. W. Tugman West Jefferson 

Forsyth William S. Mitchell Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Rev. Kelly Goodwin Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District 

Davidson Ross Graver Lexington 

Davidson C. F. Lambert, Jr Thomasville 

Davidson Fred Myers Thomasville 

Guilford Dwight Bowman Greensboro, RFD 

Guilford Charles T. Hagan Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Albert Hart, Jr High Point 

Thirteenth District 

Anson Fred M. Mills, Jr Wadesboro 

Anson H. P. Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 

Moore J. Douglas David Pine Bluff 

Moore Robert N. Page, III Aberdeen 

Richmond John Collins Hamlet 

Richmond Bynum Meachum Rockingham 

Scotland Jennings G. King Laurinburg 

Stanly George Harris New London 

Stanly Hal C. Turner Albemarle 

Union C. Frank Griffin Monroe 

Union James E. Gritfln Marshville 

Fourteenth District 

Gaston Wade Mitchum Lowell 

Gaston Max Childers Mt. Holly 

Mecklenburg Charles Bundy Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Hunter Jones Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Eddie S. Merritt Charlotte 

Fifteenth District 

Alexander Loy Wittenburg Rt. 5, Hickory 

Alexander Mrs. Solon Moose Taylorsville 

Cabarrus Robert Warren Concord 

Cabarrus E. L. Wrenn, Jr Kannapolis 

Iredell John G. Lewis, Jr Statesville 

Iredell David Stewart Statesville 

Montgomery David H. Armstrong Troy 

Montgomery George Coggins Star 

Rowan Walter Woodson, Jr Salisbury 

Rowan Archie Rufty Salisbury 

Randolph Richard S. Clark Asheboro 

Randolph Tom English Trinity 

Sixteenth District 

Burke Karl Hudson Morganton 

Burke John H. McMurray Morganton, Walton Road 

Caldwell Coit F. Barber Lenoir 

Caldwell 

Catawba Irene Whisnant Maiden 

Cleveland Ernest Gardner Shelby 

Cleveland A. A. Powell Shelby 

Lincoln W. S. Childs, Jr Lincolnton 

Lincoln Joseph Graham Iron Station, Rt. 1 

Watauga Ray Luther Boone 

Watauga Jack Edmisten Boone 



State Committees, Democratic 191 

Seventeenth District 

Avery Ivan S. Stafford Banner Elk 

Avery Mrs. Howard Wiseman Rt. 2, Spruce Pine 

Davie Bryan Self Mocksville 

Davie Mrs. Grady Smith Farmington 

Mitchell Mrs. Fred U. Brummett Bakersville 

Mitchell George Brummett Spruce Pine 

Wilkes Mack Reavia Moravian Falls 

Wilkes Lee Walsh Purlear 

Yadkin Wade Hobson Boonville 

Yadkin Ed Spears Boonville 

Eighteenth District 

Henderson Brit Toms, Sr Hendersonville 

Henderson Arthur Shephard Hendersonville 

McDowell Dr. J. B. Johnson Old Fort 

McDowell Ernie House Marion 

Polk A. G. Miller Rt. 1, Campobello, S. C. 

Polk Mrs. Arliene Dalton Mill Springs 

Rutherford James Burwell Spindale 

Rutherford George Morrow Forest City 

Transylvania W. W. Britton Brevard 

Transylvania Marguerite Aycock Brevard 

Yancey Ernest Briggs Burnsville 

Yancey Bill Anglin Burnsville 

Nineteenth District 

Buncombe Charles W. Dermid Asheville 

Buncombe Joe Morris Asheville 

Madison B. K. Meadows Hot Springs 

Madison Roy Freeman Rt. 1, Marshall 

Twentieth District 

Cherokee A. B. Chandler, Jr Andrews 

Cherokee W. Frank Forsyth Murphy 

Clay L. C. Gray Hayesville 

Clay Howard C. Rogers Hayesville 

Graham L. W. Wilson Robbinsville 

Graham Mrs. J. R. Harrison Fontana 

Haywood Jerry Rogers Hazel wood 

Haywood Frank Ferguson Waynesville 

Jackson R. R. Nicholson, Sr Sylva 

Jackson Charles Reed Sylva 

Macon Jim Rabev Rt. 4, Franklin 

Macon Burt Slagle Franklin 

Swain Lawson Schuler 

Swain Paul Crisp 

Twenty-first District 

Caswell Harry Bray Providence 

Caswell R. R. Blackwell YanceyviUe 

Rockingnam Lon Folger, Jr Madison 

Rockingham Earl Vaughn Draper 

Stokes Barlow J. Bowles Danbury 

Stokes C. E. Davis Walnut Cove 

Surry Wilson Barber Mt. Airy 

Surry Dudley Simmons Pilot Mountam 



192 North Carolina Manual 

COUNTY CHAIRMEN— DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE 

COMMITTEE 

1956 

County Chairman Address 

Alamance D. J. Walker, Jr Burlington 

Alexander W. C. Patterson Rt. 1, Stony Point 

Alleghany R. F. Grouse Rt. 2, Sparta 

Anson James A. Hardison Wadesboro 

Ashe W. D. McMillan West Jefferson 

Avery J. W. Ellis Elk Park 

Beaufort John W. Winfield Pinetown 

Bertie John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Bladen Robert J. Hester, Jr Elizabethtown 

Brunswick W. T. Russ Shallotte 

Buncombe John F. Shuford Asheville 

Burke Sam Ervin, III Morganton 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

Caldwell James C. Farthing Lenoir 

Camden Dempsey B. Burgess Shiloh 

Carteret Irvin W. Davis Beaufort 

Caswell Clarence L. Pemberton Yancey villa 

Catawba Charles C. Bost Conover 

Chatham Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Cherokee L. L. Love Andrews 

Chowan Lloyd E. Griffin Edenton 

Clay Howard Rogers Hayesville 

Cleveland G. G. Horn Shelby 

Columbus W. Avery Thompson Lake Waceamaw 

Graven William F. Ward New Bern 

Cumberland H. R. Clark Fayetteville 

Currituck S. A. Walker Snowden 

Dare M. L. Daniels Manteo 

Davidson H. D. Townsend Lexington 

Davie Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville 

Duplin F. W. McGowen Kenansville 

Durham J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham 

Edgecombe W. G. Clark, Jr Tarboro 

Forsyth Bert Bennett Winston-Salem 

Franklin Walter E. Fuller Louisburg 

Gaston George Jenkins Gastcnia 

Gates Martin Kellogg, Sr Sunbury 

Graham Rav Carver Robbinsville 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hill 

Guilford Frank R. Hutton Greensboro 

Halifax Joe Branch Enfield 

Harnett A. R. Taylor Lillington 

Haywood Lorenzo Smathers Canton 

Henderson A. J. Redden Hendersonville 

Hertford R. H. Jernigan, Jr Ahoskie 

Hoke Dr. Walter P. Baker Raeford 

Hyde John H. Swindell Swan Quarter 

Iredell John F. Long Rt. 1, Statesville 

Jackson R. U. Sutton Sylva 

Johnston Ed L. White Pine Level 

Jones R. P. Bender Pollocksville 

Lee J. C. Pittman Sanford 

Lenoir A. H. Jeffress Kinston 

Lincoln J. H. Ross Lincolnton 

Macon Jess Shope Rt. 1, Franklin 

Madison Glenn Reems Rt. 1 , Marshall 

Martin James H. Gray, Sr Roberson villa 



State Committees, Democratic 193 



County Chairman Address 

McDowell S.J. Westmoreland Marion 

Mecklenburg W. M. Nicholson Charlotte 

Mitchell Ural D. Hensley Bakersville 

Montgomery Miles Paul Poole Troy 

Moore Lament Brown Southern Pines 

Nash W. B. Harrison Rocky Mount 

New Hanover R. M. Kermon Wilmington 

Northampton Buxton Midyette Jackson 

Onslow Guy Lockamy Jacksonville 

Orange Robert O. Forrest Hillsboro 

Pamlico J. E. Ragan, Jr Oriental 

Pasquotank Noah Burfoot Elizabeth City 

Pender R. H. Balcombe Rocky Point 

Perquimans Wm. F. Ainsley Hertford 

Person R. B. Dawes Roxboro 

Pitt John G. Clark Greenville 

Polk W. M. McDonald Tryon 

Randolph Thad T. Moser Asheboro 

Richmond Athos Cockman Rockingham 

Robeson David M. Britt Fairmont 

Rockingham Jule McMichael Reidsville 

Rowan Walter H. Woodson, Jr Salisbury 

Rutherford Solon D. Smart Cliffside 

Sampson Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Scotland Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

Stanly Henry C. Doby, Jr Albemarle 

Stokes R- J. Scott Danbury 

Surry Mrs. R. C. Lewellyn Dobson 

Swain I. B. Jenkins Bryson City 

Transylvania Thomas R. EUer Brevard 

Tyrrell D. M. Pledger, Jr Columbia 

Union Oscar L. Richardson Monroe 

Vance B. H. Perry, Sr Henderson 

Wake W. T. Hatch Raleigh 

Warren John Kerr, Jr. Warrenton 

Washington C. L. Bailey Plymouth 

Watauga D. Frank Baird Valle Crucis 

Wayne Edwin C. Ipock Goldsboro 

Wilkes C. Watson Brame North Wilkesboro 

Wilson G. T. Fulghum Wilson 

Yadkin J. W. Hedspeth Yadlnn viUe 

Yancey Woodrow Anglin Rt. 1, Burnsville 



194 North Carolina Manual 

COUNTY VICE-CHAIRMEN— DEMOCRATIC 
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1956 

County Chairman Address 

Alamance Mrs. Loy Bowland Graham 

Alleghany Mrs. C. A. Thompson Sparta 

Alexander Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Anson Mrs. Ola H. Redfern Peachland 

Ashe Mrs. Edith F. Jones Grumpier 

Avery Mrs. Howard Wiseman Spruce Pine 

Beaufort Mrs. Jessie Taylor Belhaven 

Bertie Mrs. E. S. Pugh Windsor 

Bladen Mrs. E. F. McGuUoch Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Mrs. Foster Mintz Bolivia 

Buncombe Mrs. PM White Asheville 

Burke Mrs. A. T. Abernathy Rutherford GoUege 

Gabarrus Mrs. Anne L. Greene Goncord 

Caldwell Mrs. Margaret B. Moore Lenoir 

Gamden Mrs. Annie Sanderlin Gamden 

Garteret Mrs. Effle Adler Morehead Gity 

Gaswell Mrs. E. H. Wilson Blanche 

Gatawba Mrs. Marguerite Trott Newton 

Ghatham Mrs. Ada W. Diggs Ghapel Hill 

Gherokee Mrs. Clarence Hendrix Murphy 

Chowan Mrs. E. N. Elliott Tyner 

Clay Mrs. Pansy Bradshaw Hayesville 

Cleveland Mrs. J. H^Lipford Kings Mountain 

Columbus Mrs. LoUie P. Johnson Whiteville 

Graven Mrs. L. T. Kornegay Dover 

Cumberland Mrs. L. S. High Fayetteville 

Currituck Mrs. Harriet H. Nottingham Coin jock 

Dare Mrs. Herbert Perry Kitty Hawk 

Davidson Mrs. W. E. Tomlinson Thomasville 

Davie Mrs. Odell Foster Advance 

Duplin Mrs. Christine W. Williams Kenansville 

Durham Mrs. Mary Trent Semans Durham 

Edgecombe Mrs. J. W. Sexton Rocky Mount 

Forsyth Mrs. Eunice Ayers Winston-Salem 

Franklin Mrs. A. E. Hall Youngsville 

Gaston Mrs. J. A. Blackwelder Cherryville 

Gates Mrs. A. P. Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Graham Mrs. Harry Brown Fontana 

Granville Mrs. Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Greene Mrs. George W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Guilford Mrs. J. Wm. Coleman Greensboro 

Halifax Mrs. James Taylor Roanoke Rapids 

Harnett Mrs. Eugene H. Lasater, Sr Erwin 

Haywood Mrs. Raymond Caldwell 

Henderson Mrs. Virginia Harrell Hendersonville 

Hertford Mrs. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

Hoke Mrs. A. D. Gore Raeford 

Hyde Mrs. Gilbert Richards Scranton 

Iredell Mrs. E. M. Land Statesville 

Jackson Miss Jane Coward Sylva 

Johnston Mrs. Tom L Davis Selma 

Jones Mrs John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Lee Mrs. Kemp Gaddy Sanford 

Lenoir Miss Verdie Noble Deep Run 

Lincoln Mrs. Ruby Miller Lincolnton 

Macon Miss Lassie Kelly Franklin 

Madison Miss Hazel Sprinkle Mars Hill 

Martin Mrs. Elbert S. Peel Williamston 

McDowell Mrs. John A. Poteat Marion 



State Committees, Democratic 195 

County Chairman Address 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Willard Catling Charlotte 

Mitchell Mrs. A. N. Fuller Spruce Pine 

Montgomery Mrs. Ed Burton Biscoe 

Moore Miss Bessie McCaskill Carthage 

Nash Miss Bessie Bunn Rocky Mount 

New Hanover Mrs. Alice Strickland Carolina Beach 

Northampton Mrs. Mildred W. Keen Rich Square 

Onslow Mrs. Harry Venters Richlands 

Orange Miss Harriet Herring Chapel Hill 

Pamlico Miss Clyde Jones Mesic 

Pasquotank Mrs. Vernon James Elizabeth City 

Pender Mrs. Clifton L. Moore Burgaw 

Perquimans Miss Irene P. Towe Hertford 

Person Mrs. Mildred Nichols Roxboro 

Pitt Mrs. W. C. Spencer Greenville 

Polk Mrs. Joe Ritchie Columbus 

Randolph Mrs. Eva C. Frye Asheboro 

Richmond Mrs. T. B. Mathewson Mt. Gilead 

Robeson Mrs. Martha B. McKinnon Lumberton 

Rockingham Mrs. J. C. Johnson Draper 

Rowan Mrs. Ed L. Ketchie Spencer 

Rutherford Mrs. Beth Grigg Lake Lure 

Sampson Mrs. A. N. Johnson Garland 

Scotland Mrs. Frances Parish Laurinburg 

Stanly Mrs. B. C. Parker Albemarle 

Stokes Mrs. Charles Christian Danbury 

Surry Wilson Barber Mt. Airy 

Swain Mrs. Lonnie Floyd Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. Inez Whitmire Brevard 

Tyrrell Mrs. Borden McClees Columbia 

Union Mrs. H. H. Wilson, Jr Monroe 

Vance Mrs. Elizabeth W. Wright Henderson 

Wake Mrs. Flossie C. Moore Raleigh 

Warren Mrs. Roy Overby Norlina 

Washington Mrs. C. N. Davenport Plymouth 

Watauga Mrs. Grady Greer Boone 

Wayne Mrs. W. R. Hooks Goldsboro 

Wilkes Miss Zell Harris Roaring River 

Wilson Miss Naomi Morris Wilson 

Yadkin Mrs. Shelley B. Calloway Cycle 

Yancey Mrs. W. A. Peterson Cane River 



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE 
PLATFORM 1956 

, Issued by 

NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE COMMITTEE 

Durham, North Carolina 

We, the Republicans of North Carolina in convention duly 
assembled in the City of Durham on March 10, 1956, rededicate 
our party to the service of the people of our state and our nation. 
We submit herewith to the people of North Carolina the follow- 
ing statement of our beliefs and our objectives. 

We wholeheartedly commend the Republican National Admin- 
istration under the leadership of our great President, Dwight D. 
Eisenhower. We are thankful that this Republican Administra- 
tion has returned our government to the fundamental principle of 
requiring honesty, integrity and ability from its public servants. 
We commend the Republican National Administration for return- 
ing our government to the fundamental American belief in the 
responsibility of the individual and of local governments. We 
commend this Republican National Administration for proving to 
the world that we can have prosperity based on peace. We are 
thankful that this Republican National Administration has elim- 
inated wasteful and excessive government spending, and has 
returned this nation's government to a sound and solvent economic 
basis. 

We offer, on behalf of the 5,000,000 people of this State, our 
deep gratitude to our great President and his administration for 
having reduced world antagonisms and having led humanity away 
from the awful threat of atomic warfare. We promise that by all 
we do and say in the performance of our duties we shall seek to 
strengthen the President's hand in striving to bring about a peace- 
ful, prosperous and orderly world. 

In the realm of state affairs we believe that the voice of minority 
groups should never be ig-nored by the majority groups con- 
trolling the government. It is our belief that 60% of a people 
should not be permitted to politically enslave the other 40% of 
the people. The Republican Party of North Carolina has suffered 
from oppression exercised by the Democrat Party for more than 

196 



Republican Platform 197 

50 years. This political oppression exercised by the Democrat 
Party has not been limited solely to members of the Republican 
Party but has also been inflicted upon the independents and en- 
lig-htened Democrats of this State. 

The Republican Party of North Carolina, for the past 50 years, 
has advocated that the state provide equal educational facilities 
for all the school children of our State. 

In the sincere hope of resolving the inequities existing under 
the present Democrat machine in North Carolina and in an effort 
to inaugurate much needed reforms in our State affairs, the 
Republican Party of North Carolina pledges itself to do the 
following, if entrusted to political power in the coming Novem- 
ber election: 

1. To adopt an honest and fair election law which will apply 
to primaries and general elections alike; repeal the absentee 
ballot law except for citizens in the Armed Forces and those 
who are unable on account of illness to attend the voting place 
on election day; create a bi-partisan State Board of Elections 
required by law to investigate and prosecute all election law 
violations. We condemn the 1955 Democrat controlled Legislature 
of North Carolina for its un-American action in enacting a law 
to make it more difficult for an elector to vote a mixed ticket, and 
thus attempting to prevent the exercise of a free ballot. 

2. To re-align Congressional and State Senatorial Districts on 
a fair and equitable basis; eliminate the unconscionable practice 
of gerrymandering Congressional and Judicial Districts, take the 
judiciary entirely out of partisan politics. 

3. To provide for two-party representation upon all Commis- 
sions, Boards and Bureaus, including the Highway System. 

4. We will expand our inadequate highway system to meet 
the requirements of ever increasing population and travel demands. 

5. To provide that members of County Boards of Education 
be elected by the people of the respective counties; take the 
operation of the public school system entirely out of partisan 
politics; strive toward further reductions in the teacher's class 
load, adopt an adequate salary schedule for certified teachers and 
we believe the minimum salary schedule for teachers should be 
increased. 

6. We favor the amendment of the State Income Tax Laws to 
allow each taxpayer full deductions for his Federal Income Tax 



198 



State Sen< 




199 



lal Districts 




200 North Carolina Manual 

payments. We also favor allowing each taxpayer to take full 
deductions fi-om his State Income Taxes for all hospital and 
medical bills paid for himself and family. 

7. Provide adequate facilities and competent care for the insane, 
the orphans, and the delinquents. 

8. Provide the increased and improved services to the people 
as herein indicated by practicing strict economy in administration. 
We believe adequate funds will be available for these services 
without increasing taxation if there is a complete re-organization 
of the state government and a consequent elimination of useless 
and expensive agencies and bureaus. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Adopted in Convention, March 10, 1956, at Durham 

ARTICLE I 

The Precinct as a Unit 

1. The unit of party action shall be the election precinct. 
In every precinct in each General Election year, the County 
Chairman shall call precinct meetings at such time as shall be 
designated by the Chairman of the State Republican Executive 
Committee after giving ten (10) days written notice to each 
Precinct Chairman and after ten (10) days notice of such meet- 
ing in a newspaper of general circulation within the county. 

2. Precinct meetings shall elect a Precinct Committee of five 
or more voters, one of whom shall be designated as Chairman 
and one as Vice-Chairman, one of whom shall be a woman, and 
a Secretary. The members and officers of the Precinct Committee 
shall hold their places for two years and until their successors are 
chosen. Precinct meetings shall elect one delegate and one alter- 
nate to the County Convention and one additional delegate and 
alternate for each fifty votes, or major fraction thereof, cast for 
the Republican candidate for Governor at the last General 
Election. 

3. Other precinct meetings may be held at such times and 
places as shall be designated by the Chairman of the Precinct 
Committee after first giving ten (10) days notice of such meeting. 

4. In case of death or resignation of any officer of the precinct, 
such vacancy shall be filled by the remaining members of the 
Precinct Committee. In the event any Chairman of any precinct 
fails to act, then the Chairman of the County Committee shall 
appoint someone to serve in his or her place until a Precinct 
meeting can be called and the new Chairman elected. The County 
Chairman shall call such a meeting within thirty (30) days. 

ARTICLE II 

County Convention and Committee 

1. A County Convention shall be called in each general election 
year by the Chairman of the County Committee, at the County 

201 



202 North Carolina Manual 

Seat, at the date set by the Chairman of the State Republican 
Executive Committee, after giving fifteen (15) days notice thereof 
to all precinct chairmen and after giving fifteen (15) days notice 
of such Convention in a newspaper of general circulation within 
the County. The alternates and delegates elected in the precinct 
meetings shall sit as delegates and alternates in the County Con- 
vention. 

2. The County Convention shall choose a Chairman and a 
Vice-Chairman, one of whom shall be a woman, a Secretary, and 
such other officers as may be deemed necessary. Such biennial 
County Convention shall further elect one delegate and one alter- 
nate to the District and State Conventions for every two hundred 
votes, or major fraction thereof, cast for the Republican nominee 
for Governor at the latest election in said county. Every county 
shall have at least one vote. In addition thereto, each county shall 
be entitled to one additional delegate and alternate for each 
Republican member of the State House of Representatives elected 
by the county in the preceding election. 

3. The County Convention shall elect a County Executive Com- 
mittee of five or more voters, who shall hold their places for a 
term of two years, and until their successors are elected. This 
committee shall cooperate with the District and State Committees 
on all elections, shall encourage qualified candidates for office 
within the county, and shall have active management of Party 
affairs within its boundaries. 

4. The County Executive Committee shall meet at least once 
a year upon the call of the Chairman, and upon the petition of 
one-third of the members of the Committee, if the Chairman shall 
fail or refuse to call a meeting. 

5. The Chairman of the County Committee shall issue the call 
for the County Convention, preside at all meetings of the County 
Committee, shall obtain and preserve a list of registered Republican 
voters within the county, and shall have such other duties as may 
be prescribed by the County Committee. The Vice-Chairman shall 
function as Chairman of the County Committee in the absence of 
the Chairman. The Secretary shall keep all minutes and records, 
and shall keep a roster of all precinct officers and Committeemen. 
Such records shall be available, upon request, to any registered 
Republican within the County. 



Republican Platform 203 

6. In case of death or i-esignation of any member of the Com- 
mittee or any officer of the Committee, the resulting vacancy shall 
be filled by the County Executive Committee. 

7. Any officer or member of the County Committee may be 
removed by a two-thirds vote of the Committee after being furn- 
ished with notice of the charges against him, signed by not less 
than one-third of the members of the Committee and allowing 
him thirty days to appear and defend himself; provided further 
that said cause for removal shall be confined to gross inefficiency 
or party disloyalty. 

ARTICLE III 
Congressional, Judicial, and Senatorial Committees 

1. The District Committees shall be composed of the Chairmen 
of the several County Committees within the District, and a 
Chairman and Vice-Chairman, one of whom shall be a woman, and 
Secretary of said District, who shall be elected biennially at the 
District Conventions. The District Committees shall manage all 
District campaigns, cooperate with the State Committee on all 
State campaigns, and shall encourage qualified candidates for 
public office within their respective Districts. 

2. The District Conventions shall be called by their respective 
Chairmen on the date designated by the Chairman of the State 
Republican Executive Committee upon twenty (20) days notice of 
the time and place for holding same. Upon the failure, for any rea- 
son, of the District Chairman to call a District Convention, the said 
call may be issued by the Secretary of the District Committee. 

3. In every Presidential Election year, the Congressional Dis- 
trict Convention shall further elect one Presidential elector, and 
two delegates and two alternates to the Republican National Con- 
vention, and members of the State Executive Committee. 

ARTICLE IV 

State Conventions 

A State Convention shall be called in every General Election 
year by the Chairman of the Republican State Executive Commit- 
tee after forty-five (45) days notice thereof to all members of the 
State Executive Committee, all Chairmen of the several County 



204 North Carolina Manual 

Executives Committees, and the Chairmen of all District Com- 
mittees, of the time and place of holding same. In the call for the 
State Convention the Chairman of the State Republican Exec- 
utive Committee shall designate the date for the precinct meet- 
ings, and the County and District Conventions. The State Con- 
vention biennially shall elect a State Chairman and a Vice-Chair- 
man (one of whom shall be a woman). In each Presidential elec- 
tion year, the State Convention shall recommend to the National 
Republican Executive Committee, for a term of four years, the 
names of two persons, a man and a woman, for National Com- 
mitteeman and National Committeewoman, respectively. The State 
Convention shall further elect, in every Presidential election year, 
four delegates and four alternates to the National Republican 
Convention. 

ARTICLE V 

Republican State Executive Committee 

1. The Republican State Executive Committee shall be com- 
posed of four members from each Congressional District, and 
one additional member from each Congressional District for every 
three thousand votes or major fraction thereof cast in said Con- 
gressional District for the Republican candidate for Governor 
at the preceding election, elected at the Congressional conventions. 
They shall hold their office for a period of two years, or until 
their successors are elected and qualified. 

2. The State Chairman, State Vice-Chairman, National Com- 
mitteeman, National Committeewoman, the permanent Chairman 
and Secretary of the preceding State Convention, the Treasurer of 
the Republican State Executive Committee, the National Com- 
mitteeman, the National Committeewoman and the President of 
the Women's Republican Federation, State Chairman of the 
Young Republicans and the National Committeewoman of the 
Young Republicans shall be members of the State Executive 
Committee, ex-officio, with the right to participate in its dis- 
cussions and to vote on all matters coming before the Committee. 

3. The State Committee shall meet annually, upon the call of 
the Chairman on the afternoon preceding the annual Lincoln Day 
Dinner, and at such other time or times as the State Chairman 



Republican Platform 205 

shall determine. One-third of the members of the State Committee 
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. 

4. The State Committee shall have the power to elect a Secre- 
tary and an Assistant Secretary (one of whom shall come from 
the Young Republicans), a Treasurer, and such other officers 
which it may deem necessary, who shall serve for a term of two 
years and until their successors are chosen. The State Committee 
shall formulate and provide for the execution of such plans and 
measures as it may deem conducive to the best interests of the 
Republican Party. It shall manage all State campaigns and en- 
courage qualified candidates for State offices. The State Committee 
shall have active management of all affairs of the party within 
the State, and shall delegate such duties as it deems proper, from 
time to time, to the Republican State Executive Board. 

5. The State Chairman shall call meetings of the State Exec- 
utive Committee, after giving fifteen (15) days notice of time, 
place and purpose of said meeting, when the needs of the Party 
so demand, but in no event less than once a year. He shall preside 
at all meetings of the State Committee, and shall have such other 
duties as may be prescribed by the State Executive Committee. 
The Vice-Chairman shall assist the Chairman in his duties and 
shall preside at all meetings of the State Executive Committee 
in the absence of the Chairman. The Secretary shall keep all 
minutes and records and shall further keep a roster of all County 
officers and all State Committee members. Such records shall be 
available, upon request, to any Committee member and to any 
County Chairman. 

6. In the case of death or resignation of any officer of the State 
Executive Committee, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the 
State Executive Committee. In case of death or resignation of any 
member of the State Committee, representing a Congressional 
District, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the remaining 
members of the Congressional District in which such vacancy 
occurs. 

ARTICLE VI 

The State Executive Board 

1. There shall be a Republican State Executive Board composed 
of twelve members to be selected by the members of the State 



206 North Carolina Manual 

Republican Executive Committee, one from each Congressional 
District, and in addition thereto the Chairman of the Republican 
State Executive Committee, Vice-Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer, 
and Republican National Committeeman, Republican National 
Committeevi^oman shall be members of the State Executive Board, 
ex-officio, with the full right to participate in its discussions and 
activities, and vote on all matters at issue before the Board. 

2. The Republican State Executive Board shall have the power 
to appoint a General Counsel, a Finance Committee, a Publicity 
Committee, a Campaign Committee, and such other committees 
as it may deem necessary for the proper conduct of the affairs 
of the Party; to adopt a budget, and to do all other things per- 
taining to Party affairs which it may be authorized to do from time 
to time by the Republican State Executive Committee. The Re- 
publican State Executive Board shall keep accurate accounts of its 
proceedings and shall make repoi-ts to the State Executive Com- 
mittee annually. 

3. The Republican State Executive Board shall meet upon the 
call of the State Chairman, or upon the failure of the Chairman, 
upon the call of the State Vice-Chairman. One-third of the 
members of the State Executive Board shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business. 

ARTICLE VII 

Voting in Convention 

1. No delegate, alternate, or other member of a Convention shall 
cast any vote by proxy, provided however, that any delegate or 
delegates present shall have the right to cast the entire vote of 
the precinct in County Conventions, and of the County in State and 
District Conventions. 

ARTICLE VIII 

Convention Procedure 

1. The State, District and County Conventions shall be called 
to order by their respective Chairmen, or in the absence of the 
Chairman, by the Vice-Chairman or Secretary, in order stated, 
who shall have the power to appoint and receive the reports of the 
Credentials Committee, to appoint other temporary and necessary 
committees, at or before the convening of the Convention. 



Republican Platform 207 

2. The certificate of the Chairman and Secretary of any Pre- 
cinct mass-meeting or Convention authorized to elect delegates 
and alternates shall be deemed sufficient to place the name of such 
delegates and alternates on the temporary roll of the respective 
conventions, and unless successfully challenged, shall be a com- 
plete authorization to said delegates and alternates to act. 

ARTICLE IX 

Financial Accounts 

The Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer of the County, Dis- 
trict and State Committees shall keep faithful and accurate rec- 
ords of any and all moneys received by them for the use of said 
Committees and shall make faithful and accurate report thereof 
when so requested. 

ARTICLE X 
Appointments 

1. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office on a local or 
County level, the Republican County Executive Committee shall 
make recommendation for the filling of such vacancy, and it shall 
be the duty of the State Chairman to abide by such recommenda- 
tion. 

2. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office on a District level, 
such vacancy shall be filled by recommendation of the State Chair- 
man, only upon recommendation of the National Committeeman 
and National Committeewoman and members of the State Com- 
mittee from the District involved. 

3. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office on the State level, 
such vacancy shall be filled by the recommendation of the State 
Chairman, only on recommendation of the State Executive Board. 

ARTICLE XI 

Participation in Party Actions 

All references herein to voters, delegates, alternates, chairmen, 
vice-chairmen, and other precinct, county and state officials shall 
in all cases be construed to mean persons identified and registered 
with the Republican Party. 



208 North Carolina Manual 

ARTICLE XII 

Controversies 

Controversies in any county w^ith respect to the organization set 
up therein under this plan, shall be referred to the State Chair- 
man, National Committeeman and National Committeevi^oman for 
arbitration and their decision shall be final. 

ARTICLE XIII 

Effective Date 

The foregoing plan of organization shall become effective after 
the close of the Republican State Convention held in Durham, 
North Carolina, March 10, 1956. 

Frank C. Patton 
Chairman 



Republican Platform 209 

COMMITTEES OF THE STATE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

(From list furnished by Chairman, State 
Republican Executive Committee) 

State Republican Executive Committee 

STATE ORGANIZATION 

Chairman : Ray Jennings Taylorsville 

Vice Chairman: Mrs. Walter Zachary Yadkinville 

Secretary : Richard A. Williams Maiden 

Treasurer: Dr. Sam J. Holbrook Statesville 

National Committeeman: J. E. Broyhill Lenoir 

National Committeewoman: Mrs. Louis G. Rogers Charlotte 

First District 

T. D. Somerville, Plymouth Zeno O. Ratcliff, Sr., Pantego 

L. V. Gaskill, Wanchese H. T. Liverman, Columbia 

G. L. Markham, Elizabeth City J. B. Burgess, Old Trap 

Second District 

Mrs. Bessie U. Wood, Littleton Julian E. Cameron, Kinston 

W. T. Outland, Woodland Thomas J. Moore, Wilson 

Third District 

Luther Smith, Atlantic A. L. Butler, Clinton 

Steve Wilkins, Rose Hill Owen Matthis, Clinton 

John W. Cowell, Bayboro Freddie C. Butler, Roseboro 

Perry B. Lockerman, Clinton P. G. May, Dudley 

Dr. Robert A. Wilkins, Mount Olive 

Fourth District 

S. C. Frazier, Asheboro Bradley McLamb, Benson 

A. J. Brower, Liberty Joel Johnson, Four Oaks 

E. T. Walton, Asheboro W. R. Young, Youngsville 

George D. Manning, Asheboro Herny E. White, Henderson 

J. E. Spence, Siler City Paul C. West, Raleigh 

E. J. Straughan, Siler City A. H. Farmer, Bailey 

David D. Lacey, Raleigh 

Fifth District 

S. R. AUred, Burlington Grady Swisher, Kernersville 

Mrs. Eugene Hester, Reidsville Janies A. Tuttle, Winston-Sal("m 

W. Forrest Bedell, Reidsville Ray Helsabeck, Winston-Salem 

Harold Y. Hodges, Mt. Airy Harvey Dinkins, Winston-Salem 

Joe Southard, Elkin Dr. Raymond Wenger, Winston-Salem 

J. W. Hunter, Mount Airy C. E. Brady, Rural Hall 

Charles Matthews, Pilot Mountain K. I. Dunlap, Walnut Cove 

M. O. Jones, Walnut Cove 

Sixth District 

Mrs. C. W. Dwiggins, Greensboro S. Newlin Hayworth, High Point 

N. D. McNairy, Greensboro L. W. Sparrow, Chapel Hill 

Worth D. Henderson, Greensboro Paul Messick, Burlington 

Percy H. Sears, Greensboro Dr. H. M. Patterson, Burlington 

Stanton Cecil, High Point A. A. McDonald, Durham 

Rufus K. Hayworth ..Jr., High Point Russell N. Barringer, Durham 



210 



North Carolina Manual 



L. C. Babson, Freeland 
W. D. Cross, Elizabethlown 
D. E. BagKett, Whiteville 
George W. Hair, Fayetteville 



Seventh District 

Ed F. Hodges, Fairmont 
George Cannon, Wilmington 
C. H. Gentry, Maxton 
Mrs. Warren Coolidge, Spring Lake 
J. O. West, Dunn 



H. H. Tarleton, Peachland 
H. O. Wooten, Vass 
John C. Hammond, Rockingham 
H. H. Ward, Denton 
J. E. Snyder, Lexington 
Wylie Taylor, Thomasvilie 
B. C. Bro'ck, Mocksville 
Claude Hicks, Mocksville 
Harold W. Gavin, Sanford 



Eighth District 

Arthur B. Atkins, Cameron 
W. C. Barrett, Carthage 
W. E. Rutledge, Yadkinville 
L. B. Cohen, Mount Gilcad 
M. A. Nicholson, Troy 
A. D. Baucomb, Monroe 
P. E. Brown, Wilkesfcoro 
H. P. Eller, North Wilkesboro 
T. R. Bryan, Wilkesboro 



Avalon E. Hall, Yadkinville 



Ninth District 



C. H. Vestal, Sparta 
Carl Jones, Sjjarta 
B. B. Graybeal, West Jefferson 
Rex Morton, West Jefferson 
W. H. Gragg, Boone 
E. D. Cook, Boone 
Frank L. Smith, Lenoir 
Emory C. McCall, Lenoir 
Sherman Starnes, Granite Falls 
John L. Anderson, Lenoir 
Dallas A. Campbell, Taylorsville 
W. Frank Woodfin, Taylorsville 

Raymond C. 



Monroe Adams, Statesville 
Neil S. Sowers, Statesville 
A. Hugo Kimball, Statesville 
G. C. Peeler, Salisbury 
H. N. Thompson, New London 
R. C. Pittman, Salisbury 
Weldon Stirewalt, Faith 
J. B. Beaver, China Grove 
O. O. Cruse, Rt. 3, Concord 
C. C. Smith, Concord 
C. McNeil Petrea, Concord 
Branch Lilly, Norwood 
Barker, Badin 



Tenth District 



William E. Cobb, Morganton 
N. O. Pitts, Sr., Glen Alpine 
R. M. Lineberger, Morganton 
Dan R. Simpson, Morganton 
Charles B. Von Cannon, Banner Elk 
M. E. Burleson, Spruce Pine 
W. O. Gouge, Bakersville 
A. L. Bumgarner, Hickory 
Mrs. Nancy Wilkinson, Maiden 
Kenneth B. Thomas, Hickory 
John T. McFarland, Hickory 



John Huss, Newton 
Claude S. Nantz, Lincolnton 
Elmore Goodson, Lincolnton 
Marcus T. Hickman, Charlotte 
Mrs. J. W. Lassiter, Charlotte 
Mrs. E. W. Simpson, Charlotte 
R. Powell Majors, Charlotte 
W. T. Alexander, Charlotte 
Jesse W. Page, Jr., Charlotte 
Jerry Greene, Charlotte 
Frank Caulkins, Charlotte 



Eleventh District 

R. S. Rice, Mars Hill Harold Jones, Gastonia 

Joe R. Henderson, Hot Springs Miles B. Wiggins, Gastonia 

James R. Jackson, Tryon Kelly Dixon, Kings Mountain 

Paul Westbrook, Rt. 1, Campobello, S. C. Russell Lockridge, Shelby 

C. Harry McCall, Marion Clarence M. Morrison, Shelby 

W. R. Chambers, Marion Fred D. Hamrick, Jr., Rutherfordton 

Oliver Shook, Stanley A. Clyde Tomblin, Spindale 

Donald Banks, Burnsville 



Republican Platform 211 



Twelfth District 

Mrs. Gola Ferguson, CuUowhee T. M. Jenkins, Robbinsville 

Lewis P. Hamlin, Brevard M. F. Lominac, West Asheville 

Tillman Powell, Canton Dan S. Judd, West Asheville 

Glenn A. Boyd, Waynesville Harold W. Sams, Asheville 

Frank Waldroup, Hendersonville J. V. Noland, West Asheville 

A. R. Higdon, Franklin L. C. Crisp, Bryson City 

Hartwell Gregory, Hendersonville John C. Odell, Murphy 

J. C. Crisp, Franklin R. A. Dewar, Andrews 

A. H. EUer, Hayesville 



212 



North Carolina Manual 



STATE REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL, JUDICIAL, 
AND SENATORIAL DISTRICT COMMITTEES 

The work of the State Republican Congressional, Judicial and 
Senatorial Executive Committees is handled by the Chairmen of 
the Republican County Executive Committees. 

Chairmen, Republican County Executive Committees 

1956 



Alamance — W. Cliflf Elder, Burlington 
Alexander — N. K. Martin, Stony Point 
Alleghany — W. Beal Pool, Soarta 
Anson — C. A. Bland, Wadesboro 
Ashe — Jake Graham, Todd 
Avery — Ileen Smith, Ingalls 
Beaufort — John L. Ratcliff, Pantego 
Bertie — 

Bladen — W. D. Cross, Elizabethtown 
Brunswick — H. L. Willets, Bolivia 
Buncombe — Jack A. Crawford, Asheville 
Burke — W. Bruce Garrison, Morganton 
Cabarrus — Henry D. Carpenter, Concord 
Caldwell — Frank L. Smith, Lenoir 
Camden — J. B. Burgess, Old Trap 
Carteret — Jesse Piner, Williston 
Caswell — Ernest L. Minor, Yanceyville 
Catawba — Carroll Abernethv, Hickory 
Chatham — Archie M. Ellis, Siler City 
Cherokee — J. Doyle Burch, Murphy 
Chowan — Robert B. Smith, Edenton 
Clav — Horace McClure, Hayesville 
Cleveland— J. Worth Silver, Shelby 
Columbus — D. E. Baggett, Whiteville 
Craven — W. B. Rouse, New Bern 
Cumberland — George W. Hair, Fayetteville 
Currituck — • 

Dare — L. V. Gaskill, Wanchese 
Davidson — Elmer R. Everhart, Lexington 
Davie — D. L. Whittaker, Mocksville 
Duplin— H. G. Ward, Rose Hill 
Durham — A. A. McDonald, Durham 
Edgecombe — J. H. Satterthwaite, 

Rt. 1, Tarboro 
Forsyth — Grady P. Swisher, Kernersville 
Franklin — W. R. Young, Youngsville 
Gaston — Ralph D. Wallace, Belmont 
Gates — H. A. Eure, Corapeake 
Graham — Tillman Stewart, Robbinsville 
Granville — J. U. Gilmore, Oxford 
Greene — Philip Dixon, Walstonburg 
Guilford — Rufus K. Hay worth, High Point 
Halifax — J. W. Wood, Littleton 
Harnett — J. O. West, Dunn 
Haywood — W. G. Duckett, Canton 
Henderson — Richard C. Clarke, Jr., 

Hendersonville 
Hertford— Dr. J. H. Keller, Ahoskie 
Hoke — T. C. Scarborough, Raeford 
Hyde — -Dan L. Berry, Swanquarter 
Iredell— A. Z. Goforth, Statesville 
Jackson — Lewis Bumgarner, Sylva 
Johnston — O. B. Batten, Kenly 
Jones — H. M. Mallard, Trenton 
Lee — O. F. Patterson, Sanford 



Lenoir — J. E. Cameron, Kinston 
Lincoln — Dr. L. A. Crowell, Jr., Lincolnton 
Macon — C. Bryant McClure, Franklin 
Madison — Clyde Roberts, Marshall 
Martin — Wade E. Vick, Robersonville 
McDowell — Dotson S. Hollifield, Marion 
Mecklenburg — Marcus Hickman, Charlotte 
Mitchell — Warren H. Pritchard, 

Spruce Pine 
Montgomery — Leslie B. Cohen, 

Mount Gilead 
Moore — Robert S. Ewing, Southern Pines 
Nash — John C. Matthews, Spring Hope 
New Hanover, Francis M. Foy, Jr., 

Wilmington 
Northampton — W. T. Outland, Woodland 
Onslow — K. B. Hurst, Jacksonville 
Orange — M. L. Gates, Sr., Hillsboro 
Pamlico — Kelly Watson, Lowland 
Pasquotank — G. L. Markham, 

Elizabeth City 
Pender — E. C. Highsmith, Rocky Point 
Perquimans — Cecil C. Winslow, Hertford 
Person — O. Y. Clayton, Roxboro 
Pitt — X. E. Manning, Bethel 
Polk— Ernest H. Gibbs, Columbus 
Randolph — T. Worth Coltrane, Asheboro 
Richmond — John C. Hammond, 

Rockingham 
Robeson— Fred R. Keith, St. Pauls 
Rockingham — W. T. Combs, Jr., 

Leaksville 
Rowan — A. M. Miller, Salisbury 
Rutherford — L. E. Sherrill, Spindale 
Sampson — Edwin E. Butler, Clinton 
Scotland — D. A. Monroe, Jr., Laurinburg 
Stanly — Gerald Chandler, Albemarle 
Stokes — Joel B. New, King 
Surry — Harold Y. Hodges, Mt. Airy 
Swain — Harold R. Dugan, Bryson City 
Transylvania — Eugene S. King, Sr., 

Lake Toxaway 
Tyrrell — Irving R. Swain, Columbia 
Union — T. Edgar Traywick, Marshville 
Vance — Col. Henry E. White, Henderson 
Wake — Arthur Hayes, Raleigh 
Washington — T. D. Somerville, Plymouth 
Warren — Edward F. White, Norlina 
Watauga — S. C. Eggers, Sr., Boone 
Wayne — J. Thomas O'Berry, Dudley 
Wilkes— E. R. EUer, Wilkesboro 
Wilson — Thomas J. Moore, Wilson 
Yadkin — Walter Zachary, Yadkinville 
Yancey — G. D. Bailey, Bumsville 



PART IV 
ELECTION RETURNS 



ELECTION RETURNS— 1956 
Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States 



States 



Alabama .-. 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida- .-. 

Georgia... 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts... 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire. 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina-. 
North Dakota... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina.. 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virgmia... 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



Popular Vote 



Stevenson 
Democrat 



Total. 



279,982 
112,880 
213,277 

,315,630 
263,997 
405,079 
79,421 
480,371 
450,094 
105,868 

,775,682 
783,908 
491,857 
292,450 
476,453 
243,977 
102,468 
372,603 
948,190 

,354,100 
617,525 
144,498 
919,187 
116,293 
193,590 
40,640 
90,364 
850,337 
106,098 

,750,769 

590,530 

96,742 

,439,655 
385,581 
328,654 

,979,231 
160,758 
135,824 
122,239 
456,507 
859,958 
119,437 
42,549 
267,760 
498,461 
377,586 
586,768 
49,580 



25,875,408 



Eisenhower 
Republican 



194,883 
176,990 
188,287 

2,872,654 
394,479 
711,837 
98,057 
643,849 
216,652 
166,979 

2,623,327 

1,182,811 
718,775 
622,087 
572,192 
329,047 
249,238 
559,737 

1,393,197 

1,701,945 
719,302 
60,683 
914,486 
154,933 
364,713 
56,076 
176,519 

1,606,942 
146,788 

4,340,340 
575,062 
156,766 

2,262,610 
473,769 
405,038 

2,577,621 

223,401 

75,632 

171,953 

462,288 

1,080,619 
216,109 
110,390 
386,459 
579,766 
444,297 
954,844 
74,586 



Electoral Vote 



Stevenson 
Democrat 



35,387,015 



11 



12 



13 



14 



74 



Eisenhower 
Republican 



32 
6 
8 
3 

10 



4 
27 
13 
10 

8 

10 
10 

5 

9 

16 
20 
11 



4 
6 
3 

4 
16 

4 
45 



4 
25 

8 

6 
32 

4 



4 

11 

24 

4 

3 

12 



12 
3 



457 



215 



216 



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csiiocy>coco-t^aii:^co^u^c^iOco(r>ot^'-+^cocooocriai^MOsi-Hci'--ico 
CiCOO-^ccco<^^»oo»oc^co'T'coa5GoaslOOco-7'l^oo-^05co^'lOcoo 


00 


sjojaaia 


■^ CI CO i-H i-" CM 


s-iopaia 


OCOOCCOC5ir5-*05005i:OCOCMiO»000'rJ05000CDCMCMCOCDt^CM-^^H 
COi-<»-H i-H C<1 Ir^ ^H CO (M 1-1 TT (M '■Si.-Hi-IOQ CO ^ 


sjopaia 


CM^r^-T'yr'Oiiooooc^cot^cioDcvidiot-^o— <csi»-HOO-f^-fcor^cot-^ 
I— "Coco-^cmcjO »occ-rco<MCi>— '»ccofOO'— ■■Moi'— it-i-'— leo^c*^ 


sjo^oaia 
uBinnjj^ 


t'-i-^r^CMcocoio-t^^c^csicocicooi-H'-H-rO'-Hor-ai'-'ajcD-rcM'-tr' 
ooicocicocot-~cocoicr--c>atocor-'Ciic-:rcit-^r-oco»-<cooi-roo5^ 


05 


sjopaja 
AaAiaQ 


co^u^o-t'Ooco-Tt^^r-ooiocoiocococM^^uocDcococMco-r'-'aiiO"* 

I>.t--(^T— (C^lt^COCMCOOiOlu^CO^COiCDCTi'-HCOCM'tOCOCCtOCM'-HCOiO't^'rr' 

oiOi-^iCioi-Hi-H^t-.Oicoooc^cc^io-rcM-rcD.-HCMcoioooocioi-T'CM 


sjoioaia 
ijaAasooy; 


•rt'CJOcicooooc^cMcocCiO-T'aiCMcrjcocDcoci'T'iOOt^c^ioosr'ioco 

Oi r>i tH CO 'rr '^COCMCMOOCiiO CO^OCOCM^--HaO»0-^«3'-H OiCM 





sjo^oaia 


(rqr^t--'-iio-t'=OGOcocvicocr5CiLC-rai'^«rcirr^t--oo-T'OocciiCQO<N 
co^'-'t--'^Tcoas'rcicMOGt^O!rccCiioiocMir-oot^r--coc^j^o^r^co 
cocQCMcot^oscs »r:)»ot--oooO'—t-rocoooco ■^c. cr- Or-.—ccooiio 

CO CM ^ "^ C^ »-H 00 -^ CM CO --< iCi— 'C<J T-H ^ ,-H CDCM 


sjojaaia 
^[aAasoog 


CT>aic^cM':o-'rQC'r^iOt^oocMco-t'^cou:)cOM^or-a5^0^;oO'M-t'^cD 

CMCOiOiOi— lOlCM'CC'CM'— 't-^-TI-^COCDOiCOCOCMOC-r-r-^O— •UOrO'— tOOOi 

'm>-allO^>-'-'»oc^^cst-^QOcMI■-coalGccocMO— '"Ocococnc^oioc^iooo 


^C^'^rfrP^»iOCOCSId-rt^'-''r> COCM^"^CO'-',-HanO"^«Di— 'i-Hi-HCM 
^H CM ^^ ■^ ^H 


to 

CO 
OS 


sjo^oaia 

UOpUB^J 


t^^QC'^r-'-'-+uo^»oocoio-^i-^Oiir^r~CM-^':OiOcD^co-rooc3yDC^ 

^ir:0500>OI:--':0^iOCM--OC'lC^:ir-iGCiOOOQO"OlCg'-'^iCC)CM-?-iCO 
OO-rri-rtiCO'OOJaii— iiOO-fiOOC'-r'— '0C'C<JCO'— 'CM U^i— "(MrrOi— <iocD»o 

COCM^i-H TTCM i-HOiiCCMCO ■^ COC^CO i-lCMi-l »-< t^CM 


sjo^oaia 
;[aAasoo-a 


utiCMioo5C<io>coccoo=ci*^r^aic»oco!>-cocoOOcoaicoiC"^c?iTt<«o 
cM<yri-TiCMuocococM«3T-i-pioaiooGOCD^Hr^r-uo-roiio-7^ocMoO'ri'r- 

OCMC0CDtC00^00C0ir^<:O'TiCMG0Ot^"*OC0-rriJ0C0C0C0iOi0OC000Tf 

i-^'coc^r ViO coco codcor-c^cO'-icocM^^cO'-",-ir-i:ow5cO'-i.-(OCM 




a 

g 


I I I I ! I I I I 1 ; I I I I I 1 I 1 ; J I I 1 It3 I I I 1 



Election Returns 



219 






»o CI a; i-i -r i— » i-« .-r 







T-H .-( CO Cv| -^ O 00 



^HCQiO OA Oi ZO CO T -f-^-^C^»CC^10: «-HCO C^— ' 



c^JI^■^*lIAco■«-HIr^<SCCCOCC^-^C'— 'COOSl-H050'^^~C»TlOOCOOi'C><£^CO^O-t''^ 

Sm!=Mr^oO'*ooor^c<i003<^o»Ofr>^^oooiCJiir^aoMOOoi«ooi»o-t^cot^50c^c^ 
coc»^c»occt^c^»o»ooooo»o^'00oo^-OilCMas:ocot^cclcoco-^t^oc^'-<o•^cococ^^'-■"^^o 

CO oo"oo -^lO r-"-— 1 1— "-rc^toioot^GCco'TJ'— ' oo-roii— <-tt<:ouricoco"5'^^^'— '|^tl"500"^'*'»0'— icofrqr- «-r 

C^Oi"^Or--W50CO'^COt^COCSIC^a5iOCOQCCC"^'-H(>300r>)iOO<3iC^I--C^»0»OiOO':^01-T'C^»0»^ 

c*!ia:i'-'r--t^»oiO!Oiracc»oc4^0^':or^w^aoir--u^cccocciccr^uo^t^i^--r^cLO^^ 

^^ C«D CO 1— I '-' —I t^ 'M 



CO -T C5 CO (M O i-H CC -H C^ -H (M ca r-i i-t <M -^ i-h i-. CO ■-?• i-h CO 



-«^H00l>>'^OwiiC"-r»Ct^»O^-^^^C0C>)-t'i-HO'-"CV3«— "iOiOOCi— ■7001QOOCi005-TiC^CiCOCOiO'--^'^iOO 
C^f0l>.'^CC{X00'-'CCCOC0O^00I>.O5-t'i— "Tj'Csl'— 11— ir^i— 'COOO-^COO'— <01>.'— iGOCOr--^-'— C»C)OCOOO 

OicVri-HiM,— ( ^ro ^u^oicocii-'i-'C^i'^w:ic^-HOOiocorocO'-'t--»ooi05r^«:''--''— trOGCcor-co^-^ 

^^OcOi-H -Pi-HC^-f '?'C<ICO COC^JiTO'M'— 'C^'— i<MCO >— • 



cooO'-'cccoosr^coi^-rc^ooc'S'— "OOiO'^'CccoC'-rioo'OoocoiocooouO'— "O-n^-— lOOMO^orjioir; 
co-^i— "O'-ccococ^i-Hooc^t^Of^'— "coccocoooo*o^on'^~oo^ccoOlO■— ■'C-t'Oicooi'— 'C^r^t^c*^ 

CXic-^C^iCOSCltCtCtOC^'-'OCOCC— C0GCI--O'— 'C^IC^-rlO^'»CCO^OC*:)00■-^CO^OCO»OCOlCCCOCOOOO 






»C'n"c:i'— •roiccc'T^fM-rco-Ti c^coo-iccccocO'— ''-hi— ' 



l~^OQ0'^ClC^COCOiOCOC^O'— '<^C0^OC0-r'^C0^-'00'^00OC0C000'^C^CCC0Oa>CSIC0t~-0lO'^ 

cooin"«-HOOc^ioioc^'-'0'^0'-''--«c^icoc^j<r:oc^--HO»Ot--'— "oocc»occcr-cocot--c3t^ccO'— <o^ 

rpcO-rrOC^JO-— 'COCOi— 'Oi-n^'— "CICO-— «.— iCOCCCD-rrC^OOiOCOu^CO'-H<ri-^T-tCncOOOGOi— i-n^-Tf'^ 



^.^ ^ ^ >^ .„ CO o 

•n^ -Tf r>. oo Tt^ c^ CO 



C^3 CO C^ "^ 



C^J 02 CO '-H (M 



coco<:Da:tcO'^ooO'— ic^aiccit-^oi^aiooc<ii00ooc^-^uocoiooi00oc^i<:0'--it^i>-i>-'— 'i^o'-'^cocoo 

IC <M*"cD COCOCO"— ''— "CO(MCOCOCOI>-iO'— <'— « OO-^OOi— iCO^"-T'C^iMT'^iOT-«CS|COI>-C5CCfMCC'— IC^"— i C^ 



0«— ^cO^C^-"^OC3iCO-rO'— 'Ot^C^JC^r^OlOt^OlCOt^OOlC-ir^COOCOOOt^COU^iC'— 'OO^^OCOtri 
CDOi^^ClC^CiOOO'— 'Or^^OCOiQ-HC:'— 'OC^J'—'ClCCC'l-rC^.— >.— lO-— *'— 'CnoOOO'— icoot^ocoooc^ro 
C^-rC^^-'C^lC^'— "OC^l'— 'r—CO'M^O'"^ '— '^^^'"^■'■'"''^■J^OTOrC^^'— ''MCC-ll>'*OCOCO^-iC1'— t^iCCOC^Jf 



1— < CM t^ "f 



O CM CS CO 



C^ t-, CO •— I CM 1'-' 



lOTr^>.o■^^''— '1— 'cocMcot-^cooococM-— '•— •O'^CTi'— icoco-^CMcc-r^^ooi— ■cc'TpQcaorocMfO'— "cocMi— <c^ 

,-t CM i-H C<l i-H C^ 



CD0iC0CO^-tCM00iO»^CD'^00'rr''^HOi-r»-'CMt^'-^CTiG0O'--''— '■^03'— *"^C:iOCO^-I>-OOS»OCOO"^CO'— '"T 
-t'GCCO»OCOI^CMC^20^-'-HOOCO<31GCi-rO"— 'COCOOOr^iOO»OOS>— 11— lOCC'OaC-— lOOcO-^COC^COCOoO 
tO'— 'CMCMO-ir^i— iCO-rH'— 'UOCOCMCOO .— ICO'OCOCO'— itOCOiO'OO'— '■— 't—COiO'^'OCO^^CMTOOCOCO'— 'CO 

I— I CM »0 -^ I— < Oi CM CO lO CO CO "t^ CO CM "^ CO f CO CM CM »— < i— < 

CD•^■^"^Oi^O■*COOS^»OiOCOlO^^^^CO^-C»OCOCOCO■^^C'— iCOt-^CMOit^-^CDCMOilOCOOt^COOSOOO 
CDOCCCOO^rtCC^-t^Oit^CO■— 't-^-^CMiOiOOQOiOOCMiC"— !■— 'C0t--»0CD0000C00Ct^0C«O«OCMCMt^I^O 
CT-CCcOr^CMiO'^'^CMOiOCMO'— 't-'COOi-HCOU^C^l'Ot-'QOiOCO'— '■^C0'-HCO'^-^COC0t^t^C»COCMC0O5 

lOCMCOCOiOt^'— I'—i'^COiOCXaCOOurSC^)!— (T-H<— '-fii— ii-HCOiOiOCOCO'T"^J^'^'--'C^'*t'QOt^COCMC^ CM 






c 
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m =2 



OK 



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Kc« te o o o ^- 



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220 



North Carolina Manual 



C 



in 

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l-H 

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12; 

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w5CC■^^-w^»-'C^O^O^^^^•-''— 'CD«— "OC^Wi-^COCOCOO-^OOiOO 
^HCslt^O0C05CDO00r^:OTJiO<MO(MeO>Od^-C0CCC<l'^c0CDO 



sjo^oaia 
uosnaASjg 



sjojoa]g 
jBAioquasia 



:fMc^iGct-octc^^o-rc:c^cc co^-i^^ ^^-^-^-^-c^iiooj 



i "5 






»-'(^^oC'CDOoooi^-t•^c»:^':cccl>-»-'cc 



H CC CC »0 CC (M <M 



OcDC^cDc^QOcoao-roiCiO^oiQC—raC'Cnc^iccor-.c^co 
OJirs-^coT-<ooioco-T'»f:)Ot^»ctoorci--i--o?oi>-»ccD 



O Ci o ro 

^t- CO Tf lO 
■^ »C »ft 05 



-^ Tfi l-H (M lO C<1 



uosuaAaig 






CO -fi CO CO 
-rfi GO OO 05 

,-4 CO l>- CD 



i— iC000t^O5C^i-«t-'CO'Mt-'^X'-HC0 l-iOCO<N-HCOr-t--00(MCO 



sjoioa[a 
puonijnqj^ 



■^CN|'^C0iCCT!COTt<t-^C^lO»00;C0^-'C0CSC0'— •'-^lO'^COOC^OCcD 

c<it>-cjc<jcoai'^c:ocieoiOc^"iO'— *TOOt---rOcoioioco-rocD 
coc^it-coosoO'-'cocD'-rcO'— 'CO CO asco'<s^c<i i— iiOrocsc^i 






sjop9|a 






CMCDC^COCOCOC^IC-ICMO(M^HCOC:'-«COGCC10C^CO'— 'OC-riOi-HC^ 

ocor^cococo(M-^co400Cs-roccococo-^ioo3co»o»ocococooc 

COCDeOC30001I>.COaiCOCiC^CDCOOOCOt^«OC3Ci— <COGCCO(MCOCOC<I 



»-« oc ■— ' cvj ic -r -^ 



U^ rO -^ 1— < <M 



OiOOI>.COt:OCOC;C^iOt-^»0'— •cOOOiOC^t^OlCiCDiOO'^H'rTHGOCO'— < 

1— .i>.cDr^tOiOc;c:'CDiO'— 'co»o<^t^cooi>-coi-^r--r*'-HOC'OGCOo 

iOO"3COO»Ot-'wlC:Ci'r*tiCXO;OJr''^CO'aiCOCOCO— "t^OO-^ 



ooc^co'^r-caocDiCTt-'-^'^-^co'-Hc^ 



JCCI>-<Mi— 'COCO^CCOC^CO 



sjo^oaia 



sjopa^a 
)pAasoo)j 



»rSCO0O0O00'^C<JC»C^)COCOCO'4?iC^-'— ''TiGC'CDC^I-^-rM'i-HClCNIC^ 

05t--coc0'— 'CMcooicooooi^— 'O^ooOr- (c-icri-roj»C'— 'C^coosO 
■^rcor^o-— 'ococoocooco-— i»ciMC)'— iico: (M-rcnoii— (r— cO'Tf 



l-H 00 l-H CO to f CD 



CO CO iC 1— ' CS l-H 



cDor-'^ooiCi— lOiOtMcnoc-OCT. l-Ho:ooo^^^-rcc■t--oo■-H 
lO■^^-o:t-~»o<^^lr^c^^^^c^'-Ht•-1-H1— .— (M.— iCoCQC'^Hc^GCoct^o 
iCcoc^cocir^r^coc^co-ri-HCO'-HO:ot-~-'-HO-rt^c^c^jiCTr-^co 

00CSt^»Ol>-2COiI>-'^C^l«O-rt-^(MCO »CT2CCSi-HCOCDiOCOC<lCO- 






cscccoci'-Hoccr^-rc:oc:c^oc»oc;^ra-^0»cr— c^c:CT!co-rt^co 
coir)ior^coc:»occo»ocD'— ii-^c]'-Hi-HcooccD-fcoco-r-rxt~''-H 
co"*cot-^cr. rooc^t-'C^)»ct-^'-H-TO"rrcDcocDocoi:— co-r»co»o 

i-Hi>. CJ-T-fiO 'TCS-T'-HC^J C^ CO"— '30 "^<M 



Sio^oaia 

^[3A9S00y 



I-^Tl-iCO'-HiOCOClt— •-H'— '-T'-HC3C^^ClC<irOtDTiOC^dC<lOCT5 

coiciocoiOi— 'CMCDOOocNr-ir^fM'-H'n'i-^iooci^'M'— 'c^cii— tcoao 

OT-^'OC^COOOC^-ClCOC^JOC-rCO'-Hi-'C^OCOt— COC^C^C^CO'T 

oc^joccDOii— coociccMcO'^occMCO'-Hr-TrQCc<ii-Hcot— r-t^coco 



SJO;09|a 

uopueq 



U^-^t^r^C^C^COOOO'T'COOsCD-^— *t"-HiCcDOiOOi'— 'OCO". O'-H 
C^OiCSIOCOC^JOCO-T'-HC^iCCOOCiOOO'— 't^'^eoOtOiCTOCl 

cor^o;coi>>iccoocc5cotoc^ii^ooeocD^tiTr'-Hic'^r^coiCCMCD 
1— .CO (>3-^-T-r -rco-^c^cM c^i coi-hco -to? 



I c2'-Hooiocoooi-Ht^cotot^coai»oaiOcoor^ioot^co(Mc:>co 

COC^IOiOOC'CDO'-HCOOOOOCCO'-H-t-'^OCiCOUO-Pl— OC'OCO(MOO 

SJOloaiTT *ouoor-'Mroooo;CT;i-HiCcooc'COOoO'^»c^30 0cciocoioio<Mco 



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3 rt rt 






Election Returns 



221 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES— PRIMARY 1956 



County 


Hodges 


Sawyer 


Stokely 


Earle 


Alamance - 


6,542 

711 

761 

3,220 

1,861 

384 

4,065 

1,400 

3,721 

3,308 

11,418 

4,053 

5,546 

2,516 

808 

3,315 

1,983 

1,717 

3,167 

841 

796 

264 

7,378 

6,869 

4,746 

7,477 

1,377 

1,293 

4,665 

1,142 

4,154 

11,766 

3,180 

14,276 

4,455 

10,782 

386 

789 

3,895 

2,665 

12,259 

6,974 

5,042 

3,910 

1,371 

1,551 

1,460 

1,258 

5,805 

2,375 

8,040 

1,445 

3,591 

3,723 

1,943 

1,284 

2,767 

1,754 


1,256 

28 

25 

212 

53 

19 

136 

91 

431 

148 

348 

423 

333 

405 

65 

149 

148 

105 

134 

104 

28 

23 

584 

476 

528 

979 

196 

23 

292 

65 

148 

993 

141 

1,270 

261 

941 

16 

265 

308 

39 

1,203 

246 

287 

238 

103 

61 

82 

42 

363 

101 

305 

120 

175 

173 

127 

83 

60 

53 


219 

39 

26 

400 

91 

27 

154 

68 

160 

106 

722 

568 

485 

278 

155 

59 

109 

140 

78 

20 

35 

8 

655 

212 

378 

308 

100 

45 

109 

97 

108 

238 

95 

943 

228 

1,254 

13 

31 

194 

68 

307 

366 

174 

292 

152 

101 

70 

44 

409 

87 

265 

140 

170 

147 

206 

65 

84 

69 


154 




7 


Alleghany - - 


18 




113 


Ashe 


19 




13 


Beaufort 


76 


Bertie 


36 


Bladen 


156 


Brunswick - _ 


253 




831 


Burke 


103 


Cabarrus _ .- _ 


99 


Caldwell 


50 


Camden _ -. 

Carteret .. 


11 
40 




80 


Catawba 


26 




57 


Cherokee 


30 




16 


Clay.... - - 

Cleveland 

Columbus 


4 
199 
254 




112 


Cumberland . 


261 


Currituck 

Dare- 


70 

15 

102 


Davie 


41 




78 


Durham 


452 




67 


Forsyth 


897 




94 


Gaston .. _. 


262 


Gates 


4 


Graham 


23 




101 


Greene 


30 


Guilford 


390 


Halifax 


165 


Harnett 


139 


Haywood . . 


109 




21 


Hertford 


60 


Hoke.. 


37 


Hyde 


11 


Iredell- 


186 


Jackson 


43 




132 


Jones 


43 


Lee . - 


65 


Lenoir 


90 




29 


Macon .. 


32 




21 


Martin 


40 



222 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES— PRIMARY 1956 

(Continued) 



County 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. _ 

MitchelL__ 

Montgomery 

Moore. 

Nash _ _.. 

New Hanover. 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange. 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender.., 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk.. 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham . _ 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes. ._ _ 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wa\ne 

Wilkes... 

Wilson 

Yadkin.. 

Yancey 

Totals 



Hodges 



105 

332 

252 

927 
,506 
,480 
,237 
,644 
,481 
,336 

139 
,672 
,221 

515 
,312 
,623 
,803 
,876 
,739 
,336 
,566 
,213 
,946 
,232 
,499 
,187 
,735 
,232 
,384 
,093 

413 
,664 
,890 
,576 
,752 
,089 

522 
,161 
,288 
,707 

945 
,208 



401,082 



Sawyer 



162 
1,134 

8 

52 

244 

255 

696 

133 

233 

515 

198 

126 

48 

27 

1,098 

249 

105 

112 

1,019 

1,034 

617 

817 

382 

101 

238 

188 

110 

590 

105 

252 

38 

289 

379 

718 

105 

94 

15 

140 

126 

252 

68 

165 



29,248 



Stokely 



24,416 



Earle 



309 


102 


016 


500 


32 


6 


175 


27 


109 


98 


142 


97 


531 


682 


180 


112 


160 


97 


125 


93 


66 


35 


217 


51 


44 


28 


57 


18 


261 


155 


279 


114 


132 


47 


49 


40 


735 


211 


344 


349 


425 


226 


868 


279 


607 


134 


90 


63 


1.37 


98 


182 


27 


88 


25 


283 


117 


70 


36 


127 


69 


23 


11 


408 


95 


420 


109 


816 


292 


108 


53 


55 


89 


31 


2 


147 


107 


138 


44 


187 


215 


67 


27 


125 


61 



11,908 



Election Returns 



223 









t- CO 1-H ^ CO T-H 



C^ lO Oi Oi 00 



iC C^l CO 1-i CO •-< M 






r— O"— 't^'— 't-OO'— 'Ot^COQOCO'— 'iCCDCDCDOI^CiCOC^OC-rcOOCD-fQO 

Citoc^jot^OcO'— 'cooitMcO'^cO'— ii^cD'^rMOCco»ci^-r'— "-riccocoo 
cor-'Ci-rcocoic»oocaii>.05CO'-to;c<)OCc^ooi--cocct-occo'»cou:;oo 

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224 



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Election Returns 



225 






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226 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES OF 
1948, 1952 AND 1954 

1948 

First Primary 
FOR GOVERNOR- 

CharlesM. Johnson - - --- _ 170, 141 

W.Kerr Scott-,- - - 161,293 

R. Mavne Albright - - --- "6,281 

Oscar Barker - - 10,871 

\V. F. Stanley, Sr - --- 2,428 

011a Ray Boyd --- 2,111 

Second Primary 

W.Kerr Scott 217,620 

Charles M . Johnson - 182, 684 

FOR LIEUTEN.\NT GOVERNOR— 

H. P. Tavlor- 240,251 

Dan Tompkins. __ 100,079 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE— 

ThadEure _257,260 

John T. Armstrong.- - - 103,118 

FOR STATE AUDITOR— 

Henry L. Bridges-... - - - 192,458 

Charles W. Miller 128,797 

FOR STATE TREASURER— 

Brandon P. Hodges _ 180,340 

James B. Vogler - .122,656 

Z. W. FrazzeUe. 36,200 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR— 

Forrest Shuford.. .212,139 

Donald B. Sherrill ..114,532 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE— 

Watt H. Gragg (R) 9,798 

G. L. Willard (R) 5,288 

1952 

FOR GOVERNOR— 

William B.Umstead... 294,170 

Hubert E. Olive.. .265,675 

Manley R. Dunaway - 4, 660 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

Luther H. Hodges - 226,167 

Roy Rowe -... 151,067 

Marshall C. Kurfees -- 55,055 

Ben J. McDonald... - 52,916 

Warren H. Pritchard (R) - - 13,463 

William G. Lehew (R) - 2,798 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Waldo C. Cheek..-. 313,979 

John N. Frederick. - - 126,901 



Election Returns 227 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES OF 
1948, 1952 AND 1954— (Continued) 

FOR ASSOCIATE JUSTICE OF SUPREME COURT— 

First Primary 

(SHORT TERM) 

R.Hunt Parker .165,817 

William H. Bobbitt..- - _ 142, 907 

ItimousT. Valentine 110,930 

Oscar 0. Efird 53,561 

(REGULAR TERM) 

R.Hunt Parker _ 135,079 

William H. Bobbitt __ 109, 476 

ItimousT. Valentine 86,462 

Allen H. Gwvn.. _ 66,301 

F. Donald Phillips 43,356 

Oscar 0. Efird 37,794 

Second Primary 

(SHORT TERM) 

R.Hunt Parker _ .100,614 

William H. Bobbitt 99,457 

(REGULAR TERM) 

R. Hunt Parker 99,282 

William H. Bobbitt 96,994 

1954 
FOR STATE TREASURER— 

Edwin Gill 344.796 

Joshua S. James 149,473 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Charles F. Gold 278,913 

John F. Fletcher 197,432 



228 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES 
1956, BY COUNTIES 



Counties 


Lieutenant Governor 


Luther E. 
Earnhardt 


J. V. 
Whitfield 


Alonzo C. 
Edwards 


Kidd 
Brewer 


Gurney P. 
Hood 


Alamance. 


3,056 
481 
404 
1,712 
490 
214 
805 
427 
949 
1,150 
7,814 
2,542 
5,952 
1,928 
107 
367 
785 
1,049 
809 
357 
323 
235 
3,635 
1,720 
1,164 
3,087 
436 
304 
2,274 
645 
630 
3,740 
910 
3,847 
989 
6,071 
145 
430 
1,651 
121 
5,651 
3,120 
1,271 
2,023 
405 
720 
774 
292 
2,927 
1,881 
1,996 
218 
1,737 
609 
1,293 


600 
20 
21 
420 
76 
22 
249 
97 
649 
332 
480 
281 
71 
157 
613 
113 
310 
95 
209 
76 
50 
12 
774 
737 
291 
892 
530 
112 
208 
44 
1,952 
482 
127 
739 
520 
823 
16 
172 
777 
42 
762 
470 
506 
404 
133 
134 
118 
78 
390 
149 
797 
157 
234 
233 
112 


1,082 
61 
271 
752 
967 
35 
2,061 
635 
1,419 
1,312 
1,988 
873 
203 
243 
80 
2,218 
554 
296 
1,193 
110 
191 
17 
1,286 
2,862 
2,844 
1,406 
264 
614 
964 
232 
1,000 
7,329 
1,570 
5,799 
1,323 
1,850 
140 
123 
952 
2,577 
2,173 
2,083 
1,776 
643 
744 
424 
299 
514 
1,410 
172 
2,397 
933 
851 
2,737 
266 


1,139 
139 
48 
493 
210 
82 
255 
74 
515 
196 
1,659 
754 
218 
427 
22 
213 
162 
299 
706 
342 
47 
15 
1,357 
704 
426 
1,126 
46 
32 
809 
265 
209 
2,704 
267 
3,927 
820 
2,333 
9 
87 
400 
44 
1,938 
539 
710 
597 
143 
57 
143 
50 
822 
114 
903 
73 
415 
208 
326 


1,530 


Alexander 


42 


Alleghany 


22 


Anson 

Ashe 


318 

85 


Avery .. 


58 


Beaufort 


599 


Bertie 


236 


Bladen 


576 


Brunswick . . 


326 


Buncombe 


535 


Burke 


363 


Cabarrus 


80 


CaldweU 


201 


Camden 


47 


Carteret 


378 


Caswell 


218 


Catawba 


211 


Chatham 


328 


Cherokee 


80 


Chowan 


152 


Clay 


22 


Cleveland - 

Columbus 

Craven 


1,102 

872 
501 


Cumberland 

Currituck 


1,861 
184 


Dare 


141 


Davidson . 


650 


Davie 


146 


Duplin 


456 


Durham 


1,072 


Edgecombe 


497 


Forsyth . 


2,166 


Franklin 


980 


Gaston 


1,090 


Gates 


86 


Graham 


84 


Granville 


472 


Greene 


55 


Guilford 


2,691 


Halifax 


1,180 


Harnett 


994 


Haywood 


477 


Henderson 


175 


Hertford . . 


276 


Hoke 


204 


Hyde 


135 


Iredell... 


715 


Jackson 


162 


Johnston 


1,556 


Jones 


138 


Lee 


489 


Lenoir 


277 


Lincoln 


151 



Election Returns 



229 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 

1956, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 



Counties 




Lieutenant Governor 




Luther E. 
Earnhardt 


J.V. 
Whitfield 


Alonzo C. 
Edwards 


Kidd 
Brewer 


Gurney P. 
Hood 


Macon 


588 

355 

385 

1,618 

11,027 

159 

1,077 

1,572 

1,977 

3,773 

1,023 

801 

1,688 

406 

651 

223 

393 

993 

711 

1,020 

1,295 

2,961 

2,197 

2,217 

6,260 

3,892 

566 

1,263 

1,546 

536 

2,131 

908 

925 

66 

1,357 

2,610 

6,364 

1,102 

239 

199 

895 

509 

1,610 

314 

588 


131 

71 

104 

342 

921 

21 

62 

140 

437 

2,283 

220 

515 

393 

114 

278 

1,590 

28 

1,009 

329 

303 

141 

1,068 

1,133 

818 

256 

749 

625 

200 

115 

91 

367 

123 

264 

27 

300 

361 

1,074 

194 

99 

17 

358 

77 

279 

33 

347 


193 

2,328 

856 

375 

3,211 

54 

579 

1,451 

2,741 

4,335 

1,809 

1,268 

846 

454 

385 

154 

138 

1,294 

4,424 

248 

446 

1,267 

3,389 

1,762 

930 

1,248 

589 

290 

271 

1,331 

1,805 

138 

376 

246 

1,029 

1,242 

5,444 

868 

558 

158 

1,733 

2,077 

2,142 

227 

784 


94 
110 
113 
547 

4,200 

36 

167 

318 

826 

1,121 
187 
326 

1,102 

104 

60 

79 

14 

530 

239 

169 

468 

870 

733 

1,304 
700 

1,129 
168 
521 
341 
211 
990 
114 
438 
21 
855 
461 

4,073 
183 
81 
141 
242 
437 
299 
277 
210 


261 


Madison 


77 


Martin 


277 


McDowell 


458 


Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


1,750 
13 


Montgomery 

Moore 


205 

478 


Nash 


1,188 


New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 


2,112 
524 
446 


Orange 


619 


Pamlico 


183 


Pasquotank 

Pender 


462 
205 


Perquimans 

Person 


45 

423 


Pitt 


370 


Polk 


144 


Randolph 


464 


Richmond 


727 


Robeson 


1,749 


Rockingham. 

Rowan - 


1,111 
516 


Rutherford 


554 


Sampson 


322 


Scotland _, 


425 


Stanly _- 


194 


Stokes - - 


293 


Surry 


1,025 


Swain 


200 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 


360 
53 


Union 


441 


Vance _ 


802 


Wake 


2,997 


Warren 


429 


Washington 

Watauga 


214 
49 


Wayne _ 


1,169 


Wilkes 


323 


Wilson 


1,135 


Yadkin 


158 


Yancey 


355 






Totals 


161,662 


37,275 


124,611 


56,227 


54,747 







230 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES 
1956, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 



Counties 



Alamance... 
Alexander. _. 
Alleghany... 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus.. 
Caldwell. ... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 

Cumberland. 

Currituck 

Dare. 

Davidson 

Davie.. 

Duplin. 

Durham 

Edgecombe. . 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates. _ 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene. 

Guilford 

Halifax. 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 



Commissioner of 
Agriculture 



L. Y. 
Ballentine 



5,663 

630 

534 

2,533 

1,574 

281 

3,299 

1,269 

3,072 

2,175 

9,660 

3,601 

4,671 

2,010 

468 

2,711 



,484 

1,516 

2,811 

667 

567 

239 

6,013 

5,300 

3,631 

6,328 

772 

432 

3,266 

976 

3,115 

12,341 

2,986 

8,984 

3,938 

8,106 

291 

465 

3,483 

2,085 

9,659 

5,806 

4,619 

3,133 

1,173 

1,513 

1,219 

868 

4,595 

1,955 

6,506 

1,062 

2,994 

3,182 

1,611 



Kermit 
U. Gray 



1,461 
73 
127 
940 
204 
89 
625 
189 
938 
932 
1,441 
983 
1,336 
730 
203 
365 
479 
349 
378 
246 
156 
51 
1,697 
1,.325 
1,207 
1,961 
570 
718 
1,511 
295 
677 
1,190 
269 
7,246 
708 
3,196 
82 
325 
579 
291 
2,943 
1,259 
677 
846 
306 
151 
243 
207 
1,507 
437 
878 
299 
536 
616 
390 



Commissioner of 
Insurance 



Charles 
F. Gold 



5,036 
556 
409 

1,977 
1,061 
288 
2,977 
1,153 
2,896 
2,274 
6,148 
3,556 
4,353 
2,014 
406 
2,702 
1,227 
1,544 
2,447 
623 
538 
243 
6,799 
5,221 
3,373 
6,065 
789 
696 
3,596 
1,020 
2,864 
9,091 
2,735 
10,761 
3,509 
8,119 
239 
490 
3,106 
1,841 
10,653 
5,933 
4,059 
2,902 
1,192 
1,165 
1,207 
679 
4,841 
1,922 
5,950 
897 
2,559 
2,869 
1,652 



John N. 
Frederick 



1, 



1, 



1, 



885 
110 
126 
419 
549 
82 
662 
223 
026 
774 
3,075 
998 
1,533 
686 
163 
402 
629 
315 
574 
258 
148 
50 
1,048 
1,250 
1,259 
2.023 
463 
292 
1,009 
214 
769 
2,675 
444 
787 
898 
3,286 
93 
276 
785 
342 
2,385 
1,301 
954 
931 
351 
323 
299 
278 
1,247 
385 
1,020 
331 
737 
765 
349 



4 



Commissioner of 
Labor 



Frank 
Crane 



2,581 
420 
.334 
1,228 
986 
168 
1,473 
740 
1,965 
1,153 
7,808 
2,803 
3,532 
1,429 
250 
2,018 
753 
1,190 
1,570 
496 
318 
170 
2,665 
2,S03 
1,711 
3,517 
454 
437 
2,276 
421 
1,481 
8,522 
1,836 
5,166 
1,591 
5,571 
139 
319 
2,037 
866 
4,094 
4,216 
2,049 
2,089 
684 
919 
673 
402 
3,176 
1,612 
3,106 
455 
1,180 
1,621 
1,109 



James R. 
Farlow 



1,776 

81 

99 

979 

297 

76 

761 

247 

834 



2,190 

841 

1,045 

614 

117 

454 

396 

241 

735 

198 

141 

61 

1,932 

1,662 

1,010 

1,696 

413 

285 

926 

302 

901 

3,421 

516 

4,242 

906 

2,239 

101 

1.38 

1,041 

534 

4,227 

1,396 

1,200 

734 

333 

299 

319 

283 

1,058 

353 

1,.325 

359 

888 

739 

416 



H.D. 
Lambeth 



2,534 
169 
134 
1,139 
274 
103 
1,090 
278 
1,051 
856 
1,255 
837 
1,205 
611 
200 
524 
690 
392 
685 
175 
152 
65 
2,504 
1,425 
1,469 
2,465 
353 
234 
1,437 
452 
867 
1,137 
615 
5,184 
1,556 
3,022 
81 
327 
587 
435 
3,876 
1,524 
1,518 
996 
420 
222 
499 
166 
1,425 
428 
1,870 
287 
1.129 
929 
416 



Election Returns 



231 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES 
1956, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 



Counties 


Commissioner of 
Agriculture 


Commissioner of 
Insurance 


Commissioner of 
Labor 


L.Y. 
Ballentine 


Kermit 
U. Gray 


Charles 
F. Gold 


John N. 
Frederick 


Frank 
Crane 


James R. 
Farlow 


H. D. 

Lambeth 




827 

2,417 

1,523 

2,223 

13,713 

241 
1,683 
3,034 
6,877 
9,018 
3,108 
2,320 
3,719 

919 
1,261 
1,592 

423 
3,169 
4,743 
1,250 
2,349 
4,781 
7,348 
5,040 
5,590 
5,294 
1,908 
2,048 
1,751 
1,849 
4,445 

998 
1,737 

305 

2,887 

4,202 

17,583 

2,344 

968 

471 
3,739 
2,359 
4,748 

660 
1,499 


437 

186 

212 

879 

4,442 

36 

266 

619 

537 

3,644 

591 

871 

756 

242 

480 

.397 

121 

945 

974 

520 

441 

2,128 

1,690 

1,745 

2,305 

1,775 

309 

529 

494 

476 

1,668 

382 

566 

78 

883 

1,072 

2,042 

415 

235 

52 

520 

543 

593 

249 

560 


838 

2,564 

1,462 

2,400 

13,019 

201 
1,637 
2,851 
5,601 
9,624 
2,687 
2,244 
3,167 

741 
1,223 
1,396 

414 
2,620 
4,567 
1,461 
2,262 
4,593 
6,770 
5.343 
5,314 
7.579 
1,668 
1,896 
1,587 
1,758 
4,615 

994 
1,610 

278 

2,292 

3,987 

16.244 

2,134 

887 

427 
3,564 
2,500 
4,422 

758 
1,577 


359 

157 

216 

657 

6,196 

52 

312 

684 

1,285 

3,522 

752 

796 

1,103 

281 

495 

491 

104 

1,056 

1,039 

352 

433 

2,179 

2.003 

1.375 

2,398 

354 

385 

648 

612 

356 

1,336 

338 

639 

71 

1,290 

1,167 

2,367 

569 

262 

68 

595 

502 

695 

170 

432 


635 

2.479 

836 

1.545 

8,175 

128 

1,083 

1,520 

3,631 

5,113 

1,654 

1,150 

1,732 

420 

892 

692 

242 

1,463 

2,568 

701 

1,059 

2,760 

3,607 

2,823 

4,004 

3,633 

1,035 

1,026 

1,065 

1,061 

2,709 

822 

939 

118 

2,697 

2,204 

11,216 

1,037 

537 

280 

2,075 

1,823 

2,465 

319 

1,282 


332 
143 

272 

473 

3,. 383 

68 

267 

632 

859 

2,707 

690 

760 

1,951 

291 

308 

563 

108 

1,042 

1,093 

414 

1,004 

1,387 

1,641 

1,629 

1,937 

1,481 

453 

632 

481 

541 

1,699 

369 

520 

92 

353 

1,302 

3,265 

610 

250 

74 

794 

347 

967 

199 

425 


219 


Madison 


146 




357 


McDowell- - 

Mecklenburg- 

Mitchell 


991 

5,255 

61 


Montgomery 

Moore 


523 
1,301 


Nash 


1,752 


New Hanover 

Northampton 


3,786 
776 
774 


Orange 


771 




264 


Pasquotank _ 


334 

497 


Perquimans 

Person - - - 


146 
926 


Pitt 


1,301 


Polk 


551 


Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson _ - 


614 
2,532 
3,210 


Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford--- 


2,019 

1,594 

2,073 

547 


Scotland 

Stanly - 


786 
565 


Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrreil- -- 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 


433 
1,450 

166 

767 
85 

709 
1,373 
3,266 


Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes--- --- 


794 
276 
131 
927 
584 
1,266 


Yadkin 

Yancey 


405 

382 


Totals 


324,795 


86,342 


308,998 


90,409 


191,937 


88,261 


101,959 



232 



North Carolina Manual 



TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTIONS 

1954-1956 



Democrats 


1954 
Treasurer 


Republicans 


Edwin Gill 

406,440 




Rex Morton 
201,433 




Commissioner of Insurance 


Charles F. Gold 
404,338 


Commissioner of Labor 


Fred G. Frick 
201,747 


Frank Crane 
406.019 








Chief Justice Supreme Court 


M. V. Barnhill 
402,845 




Buford T. Henderson 
201,846 


Associate Justice Supreme Court 


William H. Bobbin (Ti 
405,633 


jrm ending 12-31-54) 




William H. Bobbitt (Ti 
409,108 


erm ending 12-31-62) 




J. Wallace Winborne (Term ending 12-31-62) 
404,425 




Carlisle W. Higgins (T( 
404,516 


Brm ending 12-31-58) 

1956 
President 




Adlai E. Stevenson 
590,530 


Governor 


Dwight D. Eisenhower 
575,062 


Luther H. Hodges 
760,480 


Lieutenant Governor 


Kyle Hayes 

375,379 


Luther E. Earnhardt 
738,322 


Secretary of State 


Joe A. Dunn 

368,457 


Thad Eure 

737,266 


Auditor 


Graver C. Robbins 
366,752 


Henry L. Bridges 
730,098 


Treasurer 


William White 
367,611 


Edwin GiU 

730,875 




Calvin Monroe Adams 
367,446 



Election Returns 



233 



Superintendent of Public Instruction 



Charles F. Carroll 
729,101 



George B. Patton 
730,753 



L. Y. Ballentine 
731,405 



Frank Crane 
728,311 



Charles F. Gold 
731,385 



J. Wallace Winborne 
733,617 



T. E. Story 

367,325 



Attorney General 



0. E. Hyde 

369,285 



Commissioner of Agriculture 



Fred R. Keith 
366,635 



Commissioner of Labor 



J. M. Standi 
366,735 



Commissioner of insurance 



David W. Lee 
366,895 



Chief Justice Supreme Court 



Associate Justice Supreme Court 

William B. Rodman, Jr. 
733,169 



234 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE FOR GOVERNOR IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES 

1932-1956 



1932 
First Primary 

J. C. B. EhriiiKliaiis _ _ jg2 493 

Richard T. Fountain 115 127 

Allen J. Maxwell ---"-_" !^"^]"'" " "" 102 032 

Second Primary 

J. C. B. Ehringhaus _ _ lg2 955 

Richard T. Fountain... .."I^.""'""!^^" "" 168 971 

1936 
First Primary 

Clyde R. Hoey _ ___ J93 9y2 

Ralph McDonald, _ _ _ "I"" ' 189 504 

A.H.Graham ._ " " 12678"' 

John A. McRae ---"--.- ]]!^]^-']^^["^^!"'"""^^^"""" 6 606 

Second Primary 

glydeR Hoey .266.354 

Ralph McDonald 214 414 

1940 

J. Melville Broughton __ I47 ggg 

W.P.Horton j05 gig 

A.J Maxwell. .102,095 

Lee Grave y ___ _ 53 ggo 

Thos. E.Cooper 33 17g 

Paul D.Grady _ 15 735 

Arthur bimmons __ 2 058 

1944 

§-p['???l""'Tj - - — - - -185,027 

Ralph McDonald ....134,661 

Ulla Kay Boyd. _ _ 2 069 

1948 
First Primary 

Charles M. Johnson J7q J41 

W. Kerr Scott l[[[[[l[[l[[ 161 293 

R. Mayne Albright \ -\\\\\"[ll[[[][][ 76281 

Oscar Barker ' ' " in's7l 

w. F. Stanley, Sr... -^"i\i\i^[\[i[[[i:M[[\[[[[:::\:\:: — ::" 2428 

Olla Ray Boyd 2111 

_ „ „ Second Primary 

W. Kerr Scott 217 6''0 

Charles M . Johnson " 182 684 

1952 

William B. TJmstead _. 294 170 

Hubert E. Olive ...I..]I"^ ' " 265' 675 

Manley R. Dunaway ----I----I---I-I"--""""I!^I"" "" 4*660 

1956 

Luther H. Hodges _ _ _ 401 082 

lorn Sawyer 29 248 

Harry P. Stokely I-I--l-lI-II""""my.m."'.ir.l 24* 416 

C. E. Earle, Jr "' " u'gos 



Election Returns 



235 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 26, 1956, BY DISTRICTS 



THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




County 


Graham A. 
Harden 


James Oscar 
Simpkins 


Carteret - 


2,688 
3,906 
3,245 
1,129 
2,776 
1,068 
1,704 
1,737 
3,174 


799 


Craven 


2 086 


Duplin 


1 348 


Jones _ 


559 


Onslow 


1 397 


Pamlico . 


481 


Pender 


553 


Sampson. _. 


765 


Wayne 


1 342 






Total 


21,427 


9,330 



FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




County 


Harold D. 
Cooley 


W.E. 
Debnam 


Chatham 


2,223 
3,263 
6,040 
6,534 
1,800 
3,074 
11,969 


1 265 


Franklin 


1,932 


Johnston 


2,948 


Nash.. 


1 633 


Randolph 


1,322 


Vance . 


2 966 


Wake 


8,584 






Total 


34,903 


20,650 



FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




County 


Thurmond 
Chatham 


Ralph J. 
Scott 


Caswell 


861 

11,293 

1,391 

2,003 

2,843 

329 

4,083 


1,617 


Forsyth- 


7.674 


Granville ._ 


3,165 


Person. _ 

Rockingham 

Stokes - _ 

Surry . 


3,030 
6,224 
3,083 
3,542 






Total 


22,803 


28,335 



SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Carl T. 
Durham 


Ralph H. 
Scott 


Alamance . .. 


4,367 
9,188 
9,459 

4,144 


4,048 


Durham.. . 


6,688 


GuUford 


5,168 


Orange . . .... 


1,107 






Total 


27,158 


17,011 



236 



North Carolina Manual 



SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


F. Ertel 
Carlyle 


Alton 
Lennon 


Bladpn 


2,018 
1,382 
1,541 
4,982 
2,509 
2,907 
7,949 


2,534 




2,640 




6,650 


Cnmborland 


4,101 


Haniptt 


3,168 




12,754 




2,555 






Total - --- 


23,288 


34,402 



EIGHTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


C.B. 
Deane 


A. Paul 
Kitchin 


Anson 


612 

3,465 

910 

851 

1,861 
662 
2,266 
2,447 
1,.308 
1,547 
2,967 
762 


3,589 




1,874 




522 


Hoke 


798 


Lgg 


2,086 


Montffomerv - 


1,535 


Moore - 


1,777 




5,447 




1,913 


Union - - 


2,973 


Wilkes - - 


927 


Yadkin 


361 






Total ---- - 


19,658 


23,802 



ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




County 


Ralph Webb 
Gardner 


Basil L. 
Whitener 


Hugh A. 
Wells 


Cleveland 


5,022 
3,676 
1,729 
2,. 329 
1,182 
4,318 
1,400 


1,848 
9,630 
1,268 
1,306 
769 
3,015 
1,426 


2,397 


Gaston _ 


490 




42 




155 


Polk 


122 


Rutherford - 


763 


Yancey 


45 






TotaL. - 


19,656 


19,262 


4,014 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMAN IN SECOND PRIMARY 

JUNE 23, 1956 

ELEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Ralph Webb 
Gardner 


Basil L. 
Whitener 




6,464 
3,793 
1,492 
2,745 
1,313 
4,272 
985 


2,907 




11,145 




1,095 


McDowell -- 


1,578 


Polk 


904 


Rutherford - 


3,502 




1,111 






Total - 


21,064 


22.242 



Election Returns 



237 



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T-H 
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Election Returns 249 

VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATORS IN PRIMARIES 

1942-1954 



1942 

Josiah W. Bailey. - 211,038 

Richard T. Fountain 94,581 

Sam J. Morris (R) 11,343 

Stoner W. Klutz (R)_ ___ _._ 3,793 

1944 

Clyde R.Hoey_-__ , ...,211,049 

Cameron Morrison 80,154 

Marvin L. Ritch 7,428 

Arthur Simmons 4,593 

G. Y. Newton 3,057 

1948 
Short Term 

J. Melville Broughton 206,605 

William B. Umstead 188,420 

Regular Term 

J. Melville Broughton .207,981 

William B. Umstead 183,865 

1950 
First Primary 

Frank P. Graham 303,605 

Willis Smith 250,222 

Robert R. Reynolds 58,752 

011a Ray Boyd 5,900 

Second Primary 

Willis Smith 281,114 

Frank P. Graham 261,789 

1954 
Short Term 

W.Kerr Scott 274,674 

Alton Lennon 264,265 

Alvin Wingfield 12,372 

Henry L. Sprinkle 5,013 

Regular Term 

W.Kerr Scott 312,053 

Alton Lennon 286,730 

Alvin Wingfield 7,999 

Henry L. Sprinkle 2,548 

A.E.Turner 2,361 

011a Ray Boyd 1,674 

W. M. Bostick.. 1,293 



250 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATORS IN 
GENERAL ELECTIONS 1942-1954 



B Democrats 


1942 


Republicans 


Josiah W. Bailey 
230,427 


1944 


Sam J. Morris 
119,165 


Clyde R. Hoey 
533,813 




A. I. Ferree 
226,037 


J. Melville Broughton 
(Democrat) 
540,762 


1948 
John A. Wilkinson 
(Republican) 
220,307 

1950 


William T. Brown 
(Progressive) 
3,490 


Clyde R. Hoey 
376,472 


Regular Term 


Halsey B. Leavitt 
171,804 


Unexpired Term 
Willis Smith 

364,912 
Frank P. Graham 

2,259 (write-in votes) 


E. L. Gavin 

177,753 




1954 




W. Kerr Scott 
402,268 


Short Term 




W. Kerr Scott 
408,312 


Regular Term 


Paul C. West 
211,322 


Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
410,574 


Unexpired Term 





Election Returns 



251 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, MAY 26, 1956 



Counties 



Alamance.. 
Alexander. . 
Alleghany.. 

Anson. 

Ashe.- 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay. - 

Cleveland. . 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck-. 

Dare. 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe- 
Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford.... 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson.. 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde. 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 



Sam J. 
Ervin. Jr. 



241 
719 

69S 
,037 
,654 
409 
647 
,273 
,252 
,607 
,850 
,917 
,398 
,783 
658 
,031 
,518 
,835 
,768 
795 
679 
264 
,231 
,558 
,286 
,601 
,123 
999 
,122 
,038 
,219 
,493 
,906 
,750 
,721 
,444 
306 
657 
,228 
,092 
,033 
,054 
,385 
,548 
,381 
,368 
,402 
897 
,509 
,233 
,321 



Marshall C. 
Kurfees 



1,186 

34 

76 

537 

216 

25 

394 

187 

787 

608 

805 

252 

793 

313 

149 

214 

452 

128 

369 

134 

55 

37 

973 

1,064 
782 

1,591 
257 
130 
845 
338 
546 

2,969 
328 

6,832 
699 

1,502 

54 

191 

720 

305 

2,335 

1,2.37 
774 
510 
171 
202 
156 
191 
996 
220 
902 



Counties 



Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon. 

Madison 

Martin. 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow.. 

Orange. _ 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank... 

Pender 

Perquimans.. 

Person 

Pitt. 

Polk.... 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan. 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell. 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wavne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals. . . 



Sam J. 
Ervin, Jr. 



1 

2, 
3 
1 
1 
2 
1 
2 
18 

1 
3 
6 
12 
2 
2 
4 
1 
1 
1 

2 
5 
1 
2 
5 
7 
5 
6 
6 
1 
2 
2 
2 
4 
1 
1 

3 

4 

17 

2 



,158 
,843 
,460 
,966 
,178 
,725 
,569 
,969 
,929 

272 
,873 
,113 
,479 
,092 
,900 
,732 
,092 
,041 
,457 
,761 

453 
,881 
,179 
,492 
,568 
,565 
,442 
,969 
,787 
,721 
,923 
,191 
,092 
,132 
,800 
,257 
,911 

303 
,516 
,444 
,138 
,381 

966 

511 
,674 
,053 
,326 

826 
,919 



360,967 



Marshall C. 
Kurfees 



253 
573 
393 
188 
158 
83 
172 
373 

2,440 

13 

174 

552 

723 

1.640 
692 
570 
572 
167 
290 
263 
90 

1,104 
658 
319 
296 

1,.370 

1,508 

1,622 

1,559 
888 
291 
412 
297 
621 

1,823 
200 
419 
59 
454 
878 

1,771 
365 
223 
36 
478 
328 

1,111 
208 
264 



65,512 



252 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
NOVEMBER 6, 1956 



Counties 



Alamance. . 
Alexander- _ 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick-. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus- - - 
Caldwell-.. 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham. -- 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland- - 
Columbus- . 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck. - 

Dare 

Davidson -.- 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe- 
Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville- -- 

Greene 

Guilford---- 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Hay wood.- - 
Henderson.- 
Hertford- -- 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 



Sam J. 
Ervin, Jr. 
Democrat 



14 

3 

1 

4 

4 

1 

6 

3 

4 

3 

22 

10 

11 



5 

2 

14 
4 
3 
1 
1 

11 
8 
7 

11 
1 
1 

13 

2 

7 

16 
8 

25 
5 

21 
1 
1 
4 
3 

33 
9 
8 
8 
5 
2 
2 

10 

4 

10 



992 
164 
879 
309 
339 
214 
334 
483 
652 
871 
186 
020 
798 
992 
902 
107 
761 
527 
844 
043 
710 
350 
185 
492 
716 
895 
624 
187 
132 
699 
334 
220 
591 
144 
488 
712 
315 
589 
674 
114 
099 
071 
336 
900 
605 
979 
157 
984 
585 
239 
286 



Joel A. 

Johnson 

Republican 



6,963 
3,291 
1,398 

.584 
4,216 
3,419 

924 

172 

569 
2,507 
15,338 
9,516 
8,947 
8,404 

160 
2,180 

611 

15,161 

2,734 

3,460 

198 
1,354 
3,719 

923 
1,023 
2,681 

199 

493 

12,504 

3,740 

1,084 

5,674 

676 
17,345 

295 
10,748 

117 
1,616 

506 

80 

19,184 

713 
2,594 
5,262 
7,168 

298 

242 

225 
7,136 
3,019 
3,389 



Counties 



Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg- 
Mitchell 

Montgomery- 
Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. - 

Pender 

Perquimans.. 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford- .. 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes _ 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania - 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington -- 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals.... 



Sam J. 
Ervin, Jr. 
Democrat 



2 
4 
7 
6 
3 
4 
5 
5 
39 
1 
3 
5 
11 
15 
4 
5 
6 
1 
3 
2 
1 
4 

12 
2 

10 

7 

11 

11 

14 

9 

7 

3 



2 

4 

7 
5 
27 
3 
2 
3 
7 
6 
9 
2 
3 



065 

474 
880 
453 
466 
109 
747 
728 
666 
325 
596 
923 
323 
408 
517 
028 
430 
534 
852 
663 
258 
063 
977 
821 
134 
871 
566 
600 
447 
535 
373 
552 
379 
199 
568 
104 
103 
781 
539 
975 
818 
062 
173 
775 
997 
242 
471 
688 
266 



731,353 



Joel A. 

.Johnson 

Republican 



205 
1,116 

960 
5,680 
2,8.33 
3,694 

248 

3,809 

24,237 

3,788 



33 

3,711 

593 

2,401 

292 

676 

2,159 

547 

824 

333 

333 

704 

832 

2,196 

10,943 

1,114 

893 

4,551 

11,564 

4,832 

5,297 

391 

8,976 

3,740 

6.970 

1,656 

3,227 

229 

1,614 

598 

5,709 

231 

604 

4,086 

1,857 

10,528 

1,005 

4,727 

2,470 



367,475 



Election Returns 253 

VOTE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 



Proposed amendments to the Constitution of North Carolina 

submitted to a vote of the people at the General Election, 

September 8, 1956. 



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 
Chapter 1, Extra Session 1956. 
Article 9, Section 12. 

"§ 12. Education expense grants and local option. Notwith- 
standing any other provision of this Constitution, the General 
Assembly may provide for payment of education expense grants 
from any Stat'e or local public funds for the private education of 
any child for whom no public school is available or for the private 
education of a child who is assigned against the wishes of his 
parent, or the person having control of such child, to a public 
school attended by a child of another race. A grant shall be avail- 
able only for education in a nonsectarian school, and in the case of 
a child assigned to a public school attended by a child of another 
race, a grant shall, in addition, be available only when it is not 
reasonable and practicable to reassign such child to a public 
school not attended by a child of another race. 

"Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the 
General Assembly may provide for a uniform system of local op- 
tion whereby any local option unit, as defined by the General As- 
sembly, may choose by a majority vote of the qualified voters in 
the unit who vote on the question to suspend or to authorize the 
suspension of the operation of one or more or all of the public 
schools in that unit. 

"No action taken pvirsuant to the authority of this Section 
shall in any manner affect the obligation of the State or any 
political subdivision or agency thereof with respect to any in- 
debtedness heretofore or hereafter created." 



254 North Carolina Manual 

No. 1 
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 1169, Session Laws 1955. 
Article 2, Section 28. 

"Sec. 28. Pay of Members and Presiding Officers of the Gen- 
eral Assembly. — The members of the General Assembly for the 
term for which they have been elected shall receive as a compen- 
sation for their services the sum of fifteen dollars ($15.00) per 
day for each day of their Session for a period not exceeding 120 
days. The compensation of the Presiding Officers of the two houses 
shall be twenty dollars ($20.00) per day for a period not exceed- 
ing 120 days. Should an Extra Session of the General Assembly 
be called, the members and Presiding Officers shall receive a like 
rate of compensation for a period not exceeding 25 days. The 
members and Presiding Officers shall also receive, while engaged 
in legislative duties, such subsistence and travel allowance as shall 
be established by law; provided such allowances shall not exceed 
those established for members of State boards and commissions 
generally." 

No. 2 

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 1253, Session Laws 1955. 
Article 2, Section 2. 

"The Senate and House of Representatives shall meet biennially 
on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in February next 
after their election, unless a different day shall be provided by 
law; and when assembled, shall be denominated the General As- 
sembly. Neither house shall proceed upon public business unless 
a majority of all the members are actually present." 

No. 3 
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ADOPTED 

Chapter 1245, Session Laws 1955. 
Article 10, Section 6. 

"Every married woman may exercise powers of attorney con- 
ferred upon her by her husband, including the power to execute 
and acknowledge deeds to property ovmed by her or by herself 
and her husband or by her husband." 



Election Returns 



255 



VOTE ON FOREGOING AMENDMENTS BY COUNTIES 





Special Session Amendment 


Regular Session Amendment 

(1) 




Constitutional amendment authorizing 


Amendment allowing limited necessary 




education expense grants for private 


compensation of members of the general 




education and authorizing local vote to 


assembly. 




suspend the schools. 




Counties 






For 


Against 


For 


Against 


Alamance 


7,160 


1,852 


5,216 


2,582 


Alexander 


2,504 


299 


1,455 


529 


Alleghany 


918 


147 


504 


265 


Anson 


3,380 
1,747 


329 

587 


2,589 
1,179 


657 


Ashe. 


670 


Avery 


1,884 


366 


1,172 


605 


Beaufort _ 


5,430 


369 


3,377 


1,140 


Bertie _ 


2,156 


240 


1,3.32 


347 


Bladen 


3,734 


381 


2,467 


1,075 


Brunswick 


3,963 


358 


2,9,33 


663 


Buncombe. 


11,524 


3,687 


10,003 


3,946 


Burke-... 


5,364 


2,136 


3,962 


2,458 


Cabarrus 


8,822 


2,047 


6,243 


3,389 


Caldwell 


5,234 


1,114 


3,731 


1,472 


Camden 


832 


53 


578 


76 


Carteret 


4,055 
2,720 
9,191 


682 

288 

2.642 


3,487 
1,978 
6,590 


665 


Caswell 


505 


Catawba... 


3,394 


Chatham 


4,078 


472 


2,407 


1,220 


Cherokee 


2,012 
1,170 


465 
110 


1,469 
749 


422 


Chowan 


175 


Clay.. 


772 


66 


621 


67 


Cleveland. 


8,758 


861 


6,136 


1,632 


Columbus 


6,953 


660 


5,014 


1,336 


Craven. 


4,803 


922 


3,689 


1,093 


Cumberland. 


7,964 


1,385 


5,652 


2,656 


Currituck 


1,414 
646 


114 

162 


1,049 
564 


263 


Dare 


126 


Davidson 


9,046 
2,919 


1,749 
599 


5,855 
1,784 


2,986 


Davie.. 


718 


Duplin. 


6,788 


452 


4,509 


924 


Durham 


8,979 


5,646 


8,009 


4,799 


Edgecombe 


6,099 


653 


4,224 


1,353 


Forsyth 


9,634 


6,277 


9,239 


5,134 


Franklin 


3,632 
14,202 


374 
2,106 


2,361 
10,866 


884 


Gaston 


3,176 


Gates 


797 
904 


73 
108 


557 
720 


83 


Graham 


120 


Granville 


3,258 
2,707 
15,706 
5,897 
5,723 


543 
106 
6,258 
745 
951 


2,540 
1,385 
13,583 
4,666 
3,919 


818 


Greene . . . 


646 


Guilford 


5,950 


Habfax. 


1,391 


Harnett. 


1,731 


Haywood 


4,101 
4,589 


862 
498 


3,130 
3,361 


1,144 


Henderson 


876 


Hertford 


1,309 
1,322 
862 
6,059 
3,639 
8,459 
1,725 
2.490 


357 
123 
117 
1,675 
157 
899 
192 
440 


1,002 
1,055 
545 
3,443 
3,279 
5,042 
1,283 
1,675 


378 


Hoke 


245 


Hyde 


180 


Iredell. 


3,291 


Jackson 


3.30 


Johnston 


1,653 


Jones 


286 


Lee 


825 



256 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE ON FOREGOING AMENDMENTS 
BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 



Counties 



Lenoir 

Ijiiicoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin. 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank.. 

Fender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. 

Rowan. 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stinly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake.. , 

Warren 

Washington... 

Watiuga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals.... 



Special Session Amendment 

Constitutional amendment authorizing 
education expense grants for private 
education and authorizing local vote to 
suspend the schools. 



Regular Session Amendment 

(1) 

Amendment allowing limited necessary 

compensation of members of the general 

assembly. 



For 



5,302 
4,800 
2,488 
4,1.30 
.3,628 
4,662 

19,073 
994 
3,450 
4,724 
8,536 
9,215 
2,971 
3,936 
3,359 
1,282 
2,114 
2,753 
1,154 
1,851 
8,621 
1,803 
7,464 
4,485 
5,945 
7,882 

10,096 
7,299 
6,342 
1,678 
6,159 
2,892 
4,590 
2,297 
2,716 
682 
4,781 
3,556 

13,910 
2,221 
1,634 
1,779 
6,175 
5,766 
6,666 
2,437 
1,325 

471,657 



Against 



884 
592 
241 
289 
365 
541 

9,947 
254 
318 
875 
610 

2,074 
439 
413 

1,784 
224 
378 
156 
131 
556 
992 
378 

1,228 
674 
813 

1,217 

2,7,35 
906 
828 
325 

1,136 
311 

1,084 
124 
440 
93 
621 
629 

6,641 
321 
248 
317 
912 

1,223 
909 
590 
238 



101,767 



For 



3,471 
3,074 
1,858 
2,922 
2,434 
3,094 
17,846 

564 
2,431 
2,944 
5,437 
7,276 
2,0.55 
2,226 
3,467 

953 
1,544 
2,018 

659 
1,2.39 
6,665 
1,569 
4,068 
2,934 
4,200 
5,141 
7,074 
5,436 
3,769 
1,262 
3,936 
1,.3.39 
3,427 
1,916 
2,207 

428 
2,974 
2,289 
11,762 
1,702 
1,317 
1,159 
4,253 
3,595 
4,904 
1,390 

945 

343,351 



Against 



1,824 

1,262 

497 

1,981 

556 

1,243 

184 

509 

129 

1,355 

1,359 

6,882 

589 

339 

340 

1,517 

1,482 

1,392 

811 

333 



137,944 



Election Returns 



257 



VOTE ON FOREGOING AMENDMENTS 
BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 





Regular Session Amendment 


Regular Session Amendment 




(2) 


(3) 




Constitutional amendment changing the 


Amendment authorizing married woman 




date for convening the general assembly 


to exercise powers of attorney conferred 




from January to February. 


upon her by her husband. 


Counties 






For 


Against 


For 


Against 


Alamance 


5,987 


1,522 


6,564 


1,236 


Alexander , 


1,486 
514 


470 
210 


1,617 
571 


324 


Alleghany 


216 


Anson 


2,798 
1,272 
1,165 
3,889 
1,434 
2,742 


365 
470 
526 
517 
206 
652 


2,928 
1,234 
1,243 
4,226 
1,427 
2,941 


312 


Ashe 


585 




528 


Beaufort 


446 


Bertie 


225 


Bladen. ._. 


531 


Brunswick. 


3,017 


477 


2,972 


603 


Buncombe - 


11,348 


2,469 


11,956 


2,208 


Burke . 


4,361 

7,338 
4,015 

582 


1,737 

2,082 

967 

• 68 


4,781 

8,142 

4,164 

624 


1,674 


Cabarrus - 


1,547 


Caldwell 


965 


Camden 


51 


Carteret 


3,674 
2,124 


389 
344 


3,923 
2,198 


282 


Caswell.. --- 


310 


Catawba .. 


7,513 


2,150 


8,298 


1,735 


Chatham 


2,744 

1,085 

786 

626 


758 

730 

103 

59 


2,937 

1,463 

879 

642 


635 


Cherokee 


363 


Chowan 


84 


Clay 


56 


Cleveland 


6,684 
5,364 


946 

878 


7,243 
5,752 


662 


Columbus 


754 


Craven .. 


3,923 


678 


4,349 


447 


Cumberland .. -.. 


6,582 


1,557 


7,145 


1,268 


Currituck 


1,062 


141 


1,151 


155 


Dare 


567 


105 


629 


74 


Davidson 


6,713 


1,923 


7,276 


1,673 


Davie 


2,002 


471 


2,135 


430 


Duplin 


4,708 


502 


4,976 


458 


Durham.. 


9,046 


3,573 


10,327 


2,820 


Edgecombe 


4,709 


611 


5,015 


492 


Forsyth 


10,446 


3,490 


11,173 


2,357 


Franklin 


2,686 


508 


2,824 


441 


Gaston 


11,748 


1,954 


12,274 


1,666 


Gates 


572 


45 


612 


41 


Graham 


717 


99 


712 


122 


Granville 


2,714 


459 


2,852 


441 


Greene 


1,735 


238 


1,871 


167 


Guilford 


15,738 
5,199 
4,264 


3,552 

771 
1,236 


17,328 
5,329 
4,636 


2,492 


Halifax 


681 


Harnett. 


1,012 


Haywood 


3,416 


755 


3,403 


837 


Henderson 


3,578 


581 


3,709 


598 


Hertford. 


1,092 


253 


1,189 


200 


Hoke 


1,128 


175 


1,177 


146 


Hyde 


576 
4,663 
3,317 


113 

1,850 
208 


632 
5,377 
3,311 


91 


Iredell 


1,360 


Jackson 


238 


Johnston 


5,491 
1,303 
1,931 


1,014 
191 
497 


5,805 
1,367 
2,165 


964 


Jones 


188 


Lee --- 


427 



258 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE ON FOREGOING AMENDMENTS 
BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 



Counties 


Regular Session Amendment 

(2) 

Constitutional amendment changing the 

date lor convening the general assembly 

from January to February. 


Regular Session Amendment 

(3) 

Amendment authorizing married woman 

to exercise powers of attorney conferred 

upon her by her husband. 


For 


Against 


For 


Against 


Lenoir _ 

Lincoln 


4,097 
3,588 
1.870 
2,700 
2,556 
3,430 
20,997 

619 
2,498 
3,614 
6,395 
7,840 
2,326 
2,426 
3,676 

987 
1,571 
2,143 

666 
1,435 
7,236 
1,625 
4,809 
3,778 
4,641 
5,570 
8,627 
6,045 
3,608 
1,427 
4,291 
1,511 
3,743 
1,975 
2,245 

371 
3,524 
2,727 
14,569 
1,919 
1,389 
1,254 
4,853 
3,774 
5,314 
1,582 

963 


621 
698 
199 
470 
403 
601 

4,511 
168 
570 
903 
797 

1,878 
473 
404 
777 
148 
284 
232 
143 
427 
781 
236 

1,237 
832 

1,004 

1,337 

2,585 

1,129 
910 
286 

1,412 
388 
863 
107 
410 
162 
645 
784 

3,862 
322 
244 
205 
849 

1,138 
830 
506 
279 


4,414 
3,921 
1,839 
2,301 
2,751 
3,328 
23,786 

620 
2,798 
3,917 
6,875 
8,966 
2,490 
2,688 
3.977 
1,067 
1,882 
2,248 

722 
1,534 
7,754 
1,730 
5,116 
3.973 
4.999 
6,105 
9.467 
6,173 
3,995 
1,571 
4,601 
1,802 
4,101 
1,910 
2,241 

385 
3,529 
2,990 
16,379 
1,985 
1,418 
1,200 
5,101 
4,020 
5,669 
1,853 

984 


500 
629 




238 


Madison 


896 


Martin 


324 


McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


799 

2,876 

181 


Montgomery 

Moore 


372 
736 


Nash 


573 


New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 


1,314 
386 
356 




592 


Pamlico 


118 


Pasquotank 

Pender 


235 
244 


Perquimans 

Person 


128 
366 


Pitt - ..- 


614 


Polk 


180 




1,197 


Richmond -- 

Robeson 


766 
821 


Rockingham 


1,183 
2.034 


Rutherford -- 

Sampson 


1,121 
800 


Scotland 


214 


Stanly 


1,183 


Stokes 


318 


Surry 


699 


Swain 


152 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 


432 
134 


Union 


800 


Vance . -. 


641 


Wake 


2,518 


Warren 


275 


Washington 

Watauga 


208 
252 




754 


Wilkes 


1,124 


Wilson . . 


635 


Yadkin 


452 




328 






Totals 


382,968 


84,695 


412,655 


70,316 



Election Returns 



259 



VOTE ON PROHIBITION 1881 AND 1908 



August, 1881 



May, 1908 



For 

Prohibition 

48,370 



Against 

Prohibition 

166,325 



For 

Prohibition 

113,612 



Against 

Prohibition 

69,416 



Vote on calling convention to consider proposed amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States repealing 
the 18th amendment and Election of Delegates. 





November, 1933 








Delegates 


Delegates 






For Repeal 


Against 


For 


No 


of 


Repeal of 


Convention 


Convention 


18th 


18th 






Amendment 


Amendment 


120,190 


293,484 


115,482 


300,054 



PART V 

GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, 
BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



GOVERNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



ADVISORY BUDGET COMMISSION 

1925, c. 89; 1929, c. 100; 1931, c. 295; 1951, c. 768; G. S. 143-4 
Composition : Six members. Chairman of the Appropriations 
and Finance Committees of the House and Senate, and two mem- 
bers appointed by the Governor. 
Appointed by the Governor: 

LeRoy Martin Raleigh 

Alonzo C. Edwards Hookerton 

Appointed by the Legislature : 

J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson 

Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL HALL OF FAME 

1953, c. 1129; G. S. 106-568.14 

Composition: Eight members. Five Ex-officio, three appointed 
by the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner State Board of Agriculture, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

David S. Weaver, Director North Carolina Agricultural 

Extension Service, Ex-officio Raleigh 

A. G. Bullard, State Supervisor of Vocational 

Agriculture, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Randolph Eagles, President North Carolina Farm 

Bureau Federation, Ex-officio Macclesfield 

Harry B. Caldwell, Master of State Grange, 

Ex-officio Greensboro 

Dean I. 0. Schaub Raleigh 

T. E. Brovrae Murfreesboro 

Mrs. Charles Graham Linwood 

263 



264 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE 

Rev. s. 3931; Code s. 2184; 1901, c. 479, ss. 2, 4; 1907, c. 497, s. 1; 
1931, c. 360, s. 1; 1937, c. 174; C. S. 4667; G. S. 106-2 

Composition : Eleven members. Ten appointed by the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Glenn G. Gilmore Julian 

Hoyle C. Griffin Monroe 

Claude T. Hall Roxboro 

J. Atwell Alexander Stony Point 

J. Muse McCotter New Bern 

George P. Kittrell Corapeake 

Charles F. Phillips Thomasville 

J. H. Poole West End 

A. B. Slagle Franklin 

W. I. Bissette Grifton 

STATE BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL ' 

1937, c. 49, ss. 2, 3; c. 411; 1939, c. 185, s. 5; 1941, c. 107, 
s. 5;G.S. 18-37; G.S. 18-38 . . 

Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. 

T. W. Allen, Chairman Raleigh 

Clint Newton Lawndale 

Sam B. Etheridge Washington 

Roy L. Davis, Secretary Raleigh 

STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

Rev. s. 4539; 1903, c. 767, s. 2; 1907, c. 714, s. 1; 1941, c. 306; 
1943, c. 237; 1945, c. 55; 1955, c. 543; C. S. 6141; G. S. 121-3 - 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

McDaniel Lewis, Chairman Greensboro 

W. T. Laprade Durham 

Gertrude Sprague Carraway New Bern 

Mrs. P. F. Patton Hendersonville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 265 

Dr. Fletcher M. Green ;..... Chapel Hill 

Clarence W. Griffin Forest City 

Josh L. Home, Jr Rocky Mount 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Raleigh 

STATE ART COMMISSION 

1947, c. 1097; 1951, c. 1168; 1953, c. 696; G. S. 140-5.6 

Composition: Five members appointed by Governor from mem- 
bership of State Art Society. 

Robert Lee Humber, Chairman Greenville 

Dr. Sylvester Green Winston-Salem 

Edwin Gill Raleigh 

Dr. Clarence Poe Raleigh 

Dr. Clemens Sommer Chapel Hill 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE ART SOCIETY 

1929, c. 314; 1943, c. 752; G. S. 140-1 

Composition: Sixteen members. Four members Ex-officio; four 
members appointed by the Governor; eight members elected by the 
Art Society. 

Ex-officio : 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor Raleigh 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 

Mrs. C. B. Clegg, Art Dept., Chairman, N. C. Feder- 
ation of Women's Clubs Greensboro 

Appointed: 

Dr. Sylvester Green Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Charles Cannon Concord 

Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

Ralph Price Greensboro 

Elected : 

Mrs. Isabelle Bovi^en Henderson Raleigh 

Dr. Clarence Poe Raleigh 



266 North Carolina Manual 

Egbert L. Davis Winston-Salem 

Edwin Gill Raleigh 

Dr. Clemens Sommer Chapel Hill 

Henry Bridges Raleigh 

Mrs. Elizabeth Hamrick Mack Charlotte 

Gregory Ivy Greensboro 

Mrs. J. H. B. Moore Greenville 

Mrs. May Davis Hill, Acting Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSMENT 
1939, c. 310, s. 200; 1941, c. 327, s. 6; 1947, c. 184; G. S. 105-273 

Composition : Five members, all Ex-officio under the Act. 

Eugene G. Shaw, Commissioner of Revenue, Chairman . . Raleigh 
Stanley Winborne, Chairman Public Utilities Commission Raleigh 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, Director of Local Government Raleigh 

James S. Currie, Director Department of Tax Research . . Raleigh 
J. C. Bethune, Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BANKING COMMISSION 

1931, c. 243; 1935, c. 266; 1939, c. 91; 1949, c. 372; 
1953, c. 1209; G. S. 53-92 

Composition: Eleven members. Two Ex-officio, nine appointed 
by the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General, Ex-officio Raleigh 

A. K. Barrus Kinston 

Don S. Elias Asheville 

R. P. Holding Smithfield 

Oscar J. Mooneyham Forest City 

John W. Spears Lillington 

M. B. Fowler Durham 

Edwin B. Brown Murfreesboro 

Edwin Duncan North Wilkesboro 

Charles M. Reeves, Jr Sanford 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 267 

THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE BAR COUNCIL 

1933, c. 210; 1937, c. 51; 1955, c. 651; G. S. 84-17 

Composition : Thirty- four members. Four Ex-officio as officers 
of the North Carolina State Bar, and one each from the thirty 
judicial districts of the State. 

Officers : 

Robert W. Proctor, President Marion 

James B. Swails, First Vice-President Wilmington 

John C. Cheesborough, Second Vice-President Asheville 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Councilors: 

J. Kenyon Wilson, Jr., First District Elizabeth City 

Bryan Grimes, Second District Washington 

Albion Dunn, Third District Greenville 

Rivers D. Johnson, Sr., Fourth District Warsaw^ 

Marsden Bellamy, Fifth District Wilmington 

Eric Norfleet, Sixth District Jackson 

Oliver G. Rand, Seventh District Wilson 

J. Faison Thomson, Eighth District Goldsboro 

Bennett H. Perry, Ninth District Henderson 

Armistead J. Maupin, Tenth District Raleigh 

Grover Martin, Eleventh District Smithfield 

Robert H. Dye, Twelfth District Fayetteville 

Hector H. Clark, Thirteenth District Elizabethtown 

R. P. Reade, Fourteenth District Durham 

Bonner D. Sawyer, Fifteenth District Hillsboro 

James W. Mason, Sixteenth District Laurinburg 

P. W. Glidewell, Sr., Seventeenth District Reidsville 

Charles T. Hagan, Jr., Eighteenth District Greensboro 

William L. Mills, Jr., Nineteenth District Concord 

Walter E. Brock, Twentieth District Wadesboro 

G. H. Hastings, Twenty-first District Winston-Salem 

Don A. Walser, Twenty-second District Lexington 

W. G. Mitchell, Twenty-third District North Wilkesboro 

Wade E. Brown, Twenty-fourth District Boone 



268 North Carolina Manual 

Thomas P. Pruitt, Twenty-fifth District Hickory 

Francis H. Fairley, Twenty-sixth District Charlotte 

Marvin T. Leatherman, Twenty-seventh District .... Lincolnton 

E. L. Loftin, Twenty-eighth District Asheville 

Paul J. Story, Twenty-ninth District Marion 

Frank D. Ferguson, Jr., Thirtieth District Waynesville 

STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

1935, c. 53, s. 1; 1937, c. 285; G. S. 111-1; 111-3 

Composition: Eleven members. Five Ex-officio, six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Judge Sam M. Cathey, Chairman Asheville 

Dr. Howard E. Jensen, Chairman, Exec. Com Durham 

H. C. Bradshaw Durham 

Joe W. Hood Wilmington 

Frank C. King Brevard 

Sam Alford Henderson 

Ex-officio members: 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton Raleigh 

J. W. Beach Raleigh 

Chai'les H. Warren Raleigh 

E. N. Peeler Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston Raleigh 

H. A. Wood, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF BOILER RULES 
1935, c. 326; 1953, c. 569; G. S. 95-54 

Composition: Six members. One Ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Frank Crane, Commissioner of Labor, Chairman, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

W. E. Shuping, Jr Charlotte 

W. W. Lloyd Greensboro 

Gordon Thomas Raleigh 

Wilkes C. Price Asheville 

William M. Reading, Jr Kinston 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 269 

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 
1933, c. 392, s. 4; 1941, c. 280, s. 2; G. S. 143-139 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Bernard Crocker, Jr., Chairman Raleigh 

Eccles D. Everhart High Point 

Verne G. Moser Asheville 

L. H. Rouse Wilmington 

John Smith, Jr Leaksville 

BOARD OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 
1941, c. 224, s. 2; G.S. 129-2 

Composition: Five members, all Ex-officio under above Act. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, Treasurer Raleigh 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General Raleigh 

D. S. Coltrane, Assistant Director Budget Raleigh 

CAROLINA-VIRGINIA TURNPIKE AUTHORITY 

1953, c. 1159; G. S. 136-89.3 

Composition: Four members. One Ex-officio, three appointed by 
the Governor. 

W. T. Joyner, Chairman State Highway 

Commission, Ex-officio Raleigh 

John G. Clark, Chairman Greenville 

W. J. Sermons, Vice-Chairman Washington 

Guy H. Lennon, Secretary-Treasurer Manteo 

GOVERNOR RICHARD CASWELL MEMORIAL COMMISSION 

1955, c. 977; G. S. 143-204.1 

Composition: Twenty members. Four Ex-officio, sixteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 



270 North Carolina Manual 

Ex-officio: 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Dept. Archives 

and History Raleigh 

Dr. Chas. F. Carroll, Supt. of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Guy Elliott, Mayor of Kinston Kinston 

J. R. Davenport, Chmn. Board of Commissioners of 

Lenoir County Deep Run 

Mrs. Charles M. Johnson Raleigh 

Mrs. G. A. Kernodle Burlington 

Mrs. R. 0. Everett Durham 

Ray Galloway Raleigh 

Dr. J. Carlyle Sitterson Chapel Hill 

Paul A. Rockwell Asheville 

Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Edenton 

Mrs. J. Roger Brooks Kinston 

Mrs. W. M. Bellamy Wilmington 

Mrs. Edwin Pate Laurinburg 

J. Lawrence Sprunt Wilmington 

R. Hunt Parker Roanoke Rapids 

Sam N. Clark Tarboro 

John G. Dawson Kinston 

Thomas J. White Kinston 

Mrs. George W. Knott Kinston 

STATE CIVIL AIR PATROL 

1953, c.l231;G. S. 167-1 

Composition : Nine members. Six Ex-officio and three appointed 
by the Governor. 

Ex-officio: 

Major General John Hall Manning, Adjutant General Raleigh 
Lt. Col. Stanhope Lineberry, Deputy Wing Commander Charlotte 
Lt. Col. J. Toms Dover, Wing Executive Officer .... Charlotte 

Major Mary B. Reid, Wing Adjutant Charlotte 

Lt. Col. Robert D. McCallum, Wing Director of 

Communications Charlotte 

Major G. A. Stephens, Coordinator of Civil Defense Charlotte 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 271 

Appointed: 

Frank Sherrill Charlotte 

James C. Pennington Wilmington 

Charles T. Hagan, Jr Greensboro 

NORTH CAROLINA COUNCIL OF CIVIL DEFENSE 

1951, c. 1016; G. S. 166-3 

Composition : Six members all ex-officio. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

Edward Scheidt, Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, 

Exec. Vice-chairman Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Exec. Sec, State Board of Health . . Raleigh 

Dr. Carey H. Bostian, Chancellor N. C. State College Raleigh 

Walter F. Anderson, Director of State Bureau 

of Investigation Raleigh 

John T. Morrisey, General Counsel N. C. 

League of Municipalities Raleigh 

General Edward F. Griffin, Director Raleigh 

BOARD OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

1925, c. 122, s. 6; 1927, c. 57; 1941, c. 45; 1945, c. 638; 

1953, c. 81; 1957, c. 248; G. S. 113-4; 113-5 

Composition: Eighteen members appointed by the Governor. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Honorary Chairman Raleigh 

Miles J. Smith, 1st Vice-Chairman Salisbury 

W. J. Damtoft, 2nd Vice-Chairman Canton 

Charles S. Allen Durham 

W. B. Austin Jefferson 

H. C. Buchan, Jr North Wilkesboro 

Scroop W. Enloe, Jr Spruce Pine 

R. M. Hanes Winston-Salem 

Leo H. Harvey Kinston 

Charles H. Jenkins Ahoskie 

Amos R. Kearns High Point 

Cecil Morris Atlantic 

Hugh M. Morton Wilmington 

F. J. Boling Siler City 

H. C. Kennett Durham 



272 North Carolina Manual 

Walker Martin Raleigh 

Voit Gilmore Southern Pines 

W. Eugene Simmons Tarboro 

T. Max Watson Spindale 

STATE BOARD OF CORRECTION AND TRAINING 
1943, c. 776, s. 1; 1945, c. 847; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-90* 

Composition: Ten members. One Ex-officio, nine appointed by 
the Governor. 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Department of Public 

Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

C. A. Dillon, Chairman Raleigh 

M. S. Hayworth Rocky Mount 

Paul B. Bissette Wilson 

Joseph W. Nordan Raleigh 

Elton Edwards Greensboro 

T. Clyde Auman West End 

Mrs. C. L. Gilliatt Shelby 

Steed Rollins Durham 

Dr. Charles F. Strosnider Goldsboro 

S. E. Leonard, Commissioner Raleigh 

*(This Board has the management of the Stonewall Jackson Training 
School, Eastern Carolina Training School, State Home and Industrial 
School, Morrison Tiaining School and State Training School for Negro 
Girls.) . . 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 
North Carolina Constitution, Art. IX, sec. 8; G. S. 115-16.1 

Composition: Thirteen members. Three Ex-officio; ten appointed 
by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly. 

Luther E. Earnhardt, Ex-officio Concord 

Edwin Gill, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dist. No. 

1 J. A. Pritchett, Vice-Chairman Windsor 

2 W. Dallas Herring Rose Hill 

3 A. S. Brower, Chairman Durham 

4 Charles G. Rose, Jr Fayetteville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 273 

5 Charles W. McCrary Asheboro 

6 O. L. Richardson Monroe 

7 R. Barton Hayes Hudson 

8 Gerald Cowan Asheville 

* Dr. Guy B. Phillips Chapel Hill 

* H. L. Trigg: Raleigh 

C. D. Douglas, Controller Raleigh 



♦State at large appointments. 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF HIGHER EDUCATION 
1955, c. 1186; G. S. 116-156 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

D. Hiden Ramsey, Chairman Asheville 

L. P. McLendon, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

Mrs. T. R. Easterling, Secretary Rocky Mount 

W. D. Herring Rose Hill 

W. J. Kennedy, Jr .- Durham 

Robert Lassiter, Jr Charlotte 

Charles H. Reynolds Spindale 

E. L. White Wilmington 

W. F. Womble Winston-Salem 

J. Harris Purks, Director Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 

Rev. 4300; 1901, c. 89; 1933, c. 165; 1953, c. 428; 
C. S. 5921; G. S. 163-8 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

J. Hampton Price, Chairman (D) Leaksville 

John G. Dawson, Secretary (D) Kinston 

H. A. Maddox (D) Murphy 

J. E. Holshouser (R) Boone 

J. E. Hill (R) Denton 

R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



274 North Carolina Manual 

EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

Ex. 1936, c. 1, s. 10; 1941, c. 108, s. 10; 1941, c. 279, ss. 1-3; 
1943, c. 377, s. 15; 1947, c. 598; G. S. 96-3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Raleigh 

Crayon C. Efird Albemarle 

R. Dave Hall Belmont 

Mrs. Quenton Gregory Halifax 

Bruce E. Davis Charlotte 

W. Benton Pipkin Reidsville 

Dr. Harry D. Wolf Chapel Hill 

EUGENICS BOARD OF NORTH CAROLINA 
1933, c. 224; G. S. 35-40 

Composition: Five members, all Ex-officio under above act. 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner State Board of Public 

Welfare Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Secretary State Board of Health . . Raleigh 

Dr. Ira C. Long, Superintendent State Hospital Goldsboro 

Dr. Walter A. Sikes, Superintendent State Hospital at 

Raleigh Raleigh 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Ethel Speas, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

GASOLINE AND OIL INSPECTION BOARD 

1937, c. 425, s. 9; 1941, c. 220; 1949, c. 1167; G. S. 119-26 

Composition : Five members. Two Ex-officio, three appointed by 
the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

C. D. Baucom, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

G. E. Bobbitt Raleigh 

E. W. McDaniel Elkin 

G. Allen Ives New Bern 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 275 

GENERAL STATUTES COMMISSION 

1945, c. 157; 1947, c. 114; G. S. 164-14 

Composition : Nine members appointed as follows : One each by 
the President of the North Carolina State Bar and North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; one each by the Deans of the law schools 
of Duke, Wake Forest, and the University of North Carolina; 
one each by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the 
House, and two by the Governor. 

Robert F. Moseley, Chairman Greensboro 

Frank W. Hanft, Vice-Chairman Chapel Hill 

James H. Pou Bailey Raleigh 

Henry A. McKinnon Lumberton 

J. W. Hoyle Sanford 

E. K. Powe Durham 

Buxton Midyette Jackson 

James E. Sizemore Winston-Salem 

E. C. Bryson Durham 

F. Kent Burns, Secretary, Ex-ofRcio Winston-Salem 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

Rev. s. 4435; Code, s. 2875; 1879, c. 177, s. 1; 1885, c. 237, s. 1; 

1893, c. 214, s. 1; 1911, c. 62, s. 1; 1931, c. 177, s. 1; 1945, 

c. 281;C. S. 7048; G.S. 130-1 

Composition : Nine members. Five appointed by the Governor, 
four elected by the Medical Society. 

Dr. G. Grady Dixon, President Ayden 

Dr. Lenox D. Baker Durham 

Dr. John R. Bender Winston-Salem 

Dr. A. C. Current Gastonia 

Dr. Ben J. Lawrence, Vice-President Raleigh 

Dr. Roger W. Morrison Asheville 

Dr. H. C. Lutz Hickory 

Mrs. J. E. Latta Hillsboro 

Dr. John P. Henderson, Jr Sneads Ferry 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Officer, 

Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 



276 North Carolina Manual 

STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION 

1933, c. 172; 1935, c. 257; 1937, c. 297; 1941, c. 57; 1945, c. 895; 
1953; c. 115; 1957, c. 65; G. S. 136-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Col. William T. Joyner, Chairman Raleigh 

Ralph Rowland Elkin 

E. L. White Wilmington 

Fletcher Gregory Weldon 

Cutlar Moore Lumberton 

Robert Bunnelle Asheville 

Lee White Concord 



STATE (HOSPITAL) ADVISORY COUNCIL 
1945, c. 1096; 1947, c. 933; 1949, c. 1019; G. S. 131-120 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Claude F. Gaddy, Chairman Raleigh 

Dr. Fred C. Hubbard North Wilkesboro 

James P. Richardson Charlotte 

James G. Stikeleather, Jr Asheville 

Dr. David A. Young Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITALS BOARD OF CONTROL 
1943, c. 136; 1945, c. 925; G. S. 122-7* 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

W. G. Clark, Chairman Emeritus . . . i . ; ; Tarboro 

John W. Umstead, Jr., Chairman Chapel Hill 

R. P. Richardson, Vice-Chairman Reidsville 

Mrs. Vance B. Gavin, Secretary Kenansville 

H. W. Kendall Greensboro 

Kelly E. Bennett Bryson City 

Bedford W. Black Kannapolis 

John T. Rodgers Asheville 

Dr. Yates S. Palmer Valdese 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 277 

D. W. Royster Shelby 

John S. Ruggles Southern Pines 

Mrs. E. F. McCulloch Elizabethtown 

J. F. Strickland Durham 

J. Melville Broughton, Jr Raleigh 

C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

N. C. Green Williamston 



*(This Boai'd has the management of the State Hospital at Raleigh, the 
State Hospital at Morganton, the State Hospital at Goldsboro, the State 
Hospital at Butner, the Caswell Training School, the Butner Training 
School and the Goldsboro Training School.) 

NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

1929, c. 120, s. 51; 1931, c. 274, s. 8; G. S. 97-77 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. W. Bean, Chairman Spencer 

Frank H. Gibbs Warrenton 

N. F. Ransdell Varina 

NORTH CAROLINA INSURANCE ADVISORY BOARD 

1945, c. 383; G. S. 58-27.1 

Composition: Seven members. One statutory and six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Charles F. Gold, Commissioner of Insurance, 

Chairman (Statutory) Raleigh 

Wm. H. Andrews, Jr Greensboro 

H. P. Mobley Williamston 

L. M. Buchanan Greenville 

D. M. Woodard, Jr Conw^ay 

-J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham 

Max 0. Welborn Yadkinville 



278 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA JUDICIAL COUNCIL 

1953, c. 74; G. S. 7-448 

Composition : Fourteen members. One member of Supreme Court, 
two judges of the Superior Court, one member of Attorney Gen- 
eral's Office, two Solicitors from Superior Court and eight addi- 
tional members, two of whom shall be appointed by the Governor, 
one by the President of the Senate, one by the Speaker of the 
House, and four by the Council of the North Carolina State Bar. 

Emery B. Denny, Chairman Raleigh 

Claude L. Love Raleigh 

Leo Carr Burlington 

William H. Murdock Durham 

M. G. Boyette Carthage 

Carl L. Bailey, Sr Plymouth 

David McConnell Charlotte 

William Medford Waynesville 

J. Will Pless, Jr Marion 

Louis J. Poisson Wilmington 

John C. Rodman Washington 

W. H. McElwee, Jr N. Wilkesboro 

Don A. Walser Lexington 

John H. Hall Elizabeth City 

John A. Robertson, Executive Secretary Millbrook 

THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE LAW 

ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' BENEFIT 

AND RETIREMENT FUND 

1937, c. 349, s. 8; 1939, c. 6; 1941, cc. 56, 157; 1943, c. 145; 
1949, c. 1055; 1951, c. 382; 1953, c. 883; G. S. 143-166 

Composition : Seven members. Three Ex-officio, four appointed 
by the Governor. 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Gold, State Insurance Commissioner, 

Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Ex-officio Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 279 

C. C. Stoker High Point 

B. Everett Jordan Saxapahaw 

W. B. Lentz Raleigh 

Robert J. Pleasants Raleigh 

STATE LIBRARY BOARD 

1909, c. 873; 1953, c. 1102; 1955, c. 505; C. S. 6597; G. S. 125-29 

Composition: Eight members. Two Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

Dr. Charles F. Carrol, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Andrew H. Horn, Ex-officio Chapel Hill 

Dr. Roy B. McKnight, Chairman Charlotte 

John Harden, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

Paul S. Ballance Winston-Salem 

Dr. Charles E. Jordan Durham 

Dr. Mark McD. Lindsey Hamlet 

Clifford Peeler Salisbury 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

1931, c. 60, s. 7; 1931, c. 296, s. 8; 1933, c. 31, s. 1; G. S. 159-3 

Composition: Nine members. Four Ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman Ex-officio Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Eugene Shaw, Commissioner of Revenue, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Walter A. Coble Guilford College 

S. Preston Douglas Lumberton 

L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

W. T. Moss Youngsville 

C. W. Roberts Leaksville 

W. E. Easterling, Secretary Raleigh 



11 



280 North Carolina Manual 

LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL EMPLOYEES' , 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1938, c. 390, s. 8; 1941, c. 357, s. 6; 1943, c. 535; 1945, c. 526; 
1947, c. 259; G. S. 128-28 

Composition: Ten members. Two Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, Ex-officio Raleigh 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Clyde W. Gordon Burlington 

Sam J. Burrow, Jr Asheboro 

Thomas F. Royall Wadesboro 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

Claude Love Raleigh 

D. H. Umstead Durham 

James A. Glover Nashville 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 

1945, c. 1096; G. S. 131-117 

Composition: Twenty members. Two Ex-officio, eighteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

James H. Clark, Chairman Elizabethtown 

Agnew Bahnson, Sr., Vice-Chairman Winston-Salem 

Dr. J. Street Brewer Roseboro 

Dr. George L. Carrington Burlington 

Dr. Wm. M. Coppridge Durham 

E. C. Daniel Zebulon 

Sample B. Forbus Durham 

Dr. G. Fred Hale Raleigh 

J. B. Clemence Salisbury 

Dr. Walter L. Jackson High Point 

Dr. Harry L. Johnson Elkin 

Carl V. Cline Hildebran 

Marshall I. Pickens Charlotte 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 281 

Earl H. Tate Lenoir 

Wm. M. Rich Durham 

Dr. Wm. Raney Stanford Durham 

Flora Wakefield, R. N Raleigh 

Dr. Paul F. Whitaker Kinston 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Officer, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston, State Commissioner of 

Public Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles S. Templeton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MERIT SYSTEM COUNCIL 
1941, c. 378; G. S. 126-1 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Rev. Warren Carr, Chairman Durham 

Fred Royster Henderson 

Robert B. Justice Enka 

Mrs. J. V. Whitfield Wallace 

Rev. J. B. Willis Hamlet 

Dorothy C. Adkins, Supervisor Chapel Hill 

NORTH CAROLINA MILK COMMISSION 

1953, c. 1338; 1955, c. 406; G. S. 106-266.7 

Composition: Nine members. One Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, Ex-officio Raleigh 

W. W. Fitzpatrick, Chairman Rougemont 

John Burn Shelby 

Fred M. Eagles Wilson 

H. G. Strom Asheville 

0. A. Swaringen Concord 

J. E. Wilson Albemarle 

1. B. Julian Fayetteville 

William C. Mclntire, Jr Greensboro 

J. V. Whitaker, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



282 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CONTROL 

1917, c. 136, sub. c. 2, s. 4; 1935, c. 440; 1941, c. 97; 
C. S. 2779; G. S. 160-195 

Composition : Three members. All Ex-officio under the Act. 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General, Chairman Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Secretary Raleigh 

Stanley Winborne, Chairman, Utilities Commission Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

1953, c. 17; 1955, c. 867; G. S. 148-52 

Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. 

George W. Randall, Chairman Mooresville 

Johnson Matthews Durham 

W. A. Brame . Wendell 

STATE BOARD OF PENSIONS 
1921, c. 189, s. 1 ; C. S. 5168 (a) ; G. S. 112-7 

Composition: Three members. All Ex-officio under the above Act. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, 

Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PERSONNEL COUNCIL 

1949, cc. 718, 1174; 1953, c. 1085; G. S. 143-35 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Fred Royster, Chairman Henderson 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Earl Crump Wilson 

John Harden Greensboro 

Robert B. Justice Asheville 

J. W. McDevitt, Director Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 283 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PORTS AUTHORITY 

1945, c. 1097; 1949, c. 892; 1953, c. 191 ; G. S. 143-216 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Edwin Pate, Chairman Laurinburg 

Raymond A. Bryan, Vice-Chairman Goldsboro 

W. Avery Thompson, Secretary-Treasurer Lake Waccamaw 

Harold F. Coffey Lenoir 

Harvey W. Moore Concord 

J. Harry White Winston-Salem 

Henry A. Lineberger Belmont 

Richard S. Marr, Executive Director Wilmington 

PRISON ADVISORY COUNCIL 

1949,0. 359; G. S. 148-86 

Composition : Seven members, two Ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Di-. Ellen Winston, Superintendent State Department 

of Public Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. William McGehee, Chairman Spray 

Mrs. J. Melville Broughton, Secretary Raleigh 

Mrs. J. Wilbur Bunn Raleigh 

Wiley Andrews Goldsboro 

Linn D. Garibaldi Matthews 

STATE PRISON COMMISSION 

1957,0.349; G. S. 148-1 

Composition : Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Linn D. Garibaldi, Chairman Matthews 

Mrs. J. Melville Broughton Raleigh 

Dr. M. B. Davis High Point 

W. W. Shope Weaverville 

T. R. Eller Brevard 

Dr. William McGehee Leaksville-Spray 

Edgar Gurganus Williamston 



284 North Carolina Manual 

STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 
1937, c. 132, s. 5; G. S. 15-201 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Judge Wilson Warlick, Chairman Newton 

Dr. John S. Bradway Durham 

Allen Lang-ston Raleigh 

Judge Henry A. Grady New Bern 

Clem B. Holding Raleigh 

J. D. Beaty, Director Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

Rev. s. 1913; Code s. 2331; 1868-9, c. 170, s. 2; 1909, c. 899; 

1917, c. 170, s. 1; 1937, c. 319, s. 1; 1943, c. 775, s. 1; 

1945, c. 43; C. S. 5004; G. S. 108-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

E. N. Brower, Chairman Hope Mills 

E. Hervey Evans, Vice-Chairman Laurinburg 

Irving E. Carlyle Winston-Salem 

Thomas Cornwell Shelby 

Jack B. Kirksey Morganton 

Mrs. R. E. Stratford Haw River 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Raleigh 

DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 
1931, cc. 261, 396; C. S. 7502; G. S. 143-48 

David Q. Holton, Director Raleigh 

Board of Award: 

J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson 

Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Carl Venters Jacksonville 

LeRoy Martin Raleigh 

Alonzo C. Edwards Hookerton 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 285 

NORTH CAROLINA RECREATION COMMISSION 

1945, c. 757, s. 3; G. S. 143-207 

Composition: Eleven members. Four Ex-officio, seven appointed 
by the Governor. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner of Public 

Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Wm. P. Saunders, Director, Department of 

Conservation and Development, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Rev. Charles S. Hubbard Chapel Hill 

Dr. A. E. Weatherf ord Durham 

Mrs. Harriett Pressly Raleigh 

Charles L. McCullers, Chairman Kinston 

Max A. Parrish Gastonia 

R. W. Watkins Boone 

Dr. W. D. James Hamlet 

Ralph J. Andrews, Director Raleigh 

ROANOKE ISLAND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION 

1945, c. 953; G. S. 143-200 

Composition: Tw^enty-four members. Three Ex-officio, tw^enty- 
one appointed by the Association. 

Officers : 

Robert Lee Humber, Chairman Greenville 

Russell Grumann, Vice-Chairman Chapel Hill 

Isaac Davis, Secretary Winton 

Chauncey Meekins, Treasurer Manteo 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director, Dept. of 

Archives and History, Ex-officio Raleigh 

W. D. Carmichael, Jr., Honorary Vice-Chairman .... Chapel Hill 



286 North Carolina Manual 

Lindsey Warren, Honorary Vice-Chairman Washington 

W. Kerr Scott, Honorary Vice-Chairman Haw River 

Paul Green, Author "The Lost Colony" Chapel Hill 

Clifton Britton, Director of "The Lost Colony" Manteo 

Mrs. Charles Cannon, Past Chairman Concord 

Bill Sharpe, Past Chairman Raleigh 

Jonathan Daniels, Past Chairman Raleigh 

Martin Kellogg, Jr., Past Chairman and General 
Counsel Manteo 

Directors : 

Sam Selden Chapel Hill 

Miles Clark Elizabeth City 

Melvin Daniels Manteo 

Chester Davis Winston-Salem 

John Parker Chapel Hill 

Bishop Thomas Wright Wilmington 

R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

M. Keith Fearing, Sr Manteo 

Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Edenton 

C. Sylvester Green Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Roy Homewood Chapel Hill 

Guy H. Lennon Manteo 

Hugh Morton Wilmington 

Harry Buchanan Hendersonville 

Lavv^rence Swain Manteo 

Mrs. Fred Morrison Washington, D. C. 

Edmund Harding Washington 

NORTH CAROLINA 
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AUTHORITY 

1935, c. 288, s. 1; G. S. 117-1 

Composition : Six members appointed by the Governor. 

Gwyn B. Price, Chairman Raleigh 

C. L. Ballance St. Pauls 

Dr. S. H. Hobbs, Jr Chapel Hill 

George R. Hughes Trenton 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 287 

Glenn C. Palmer Clyde 

Mrs. Fred B. Davis Stoneville 

David S. Weaver Raleigh 

STATE STREAM SANITATION COMMITTEE 

1945, c. 1010; 1947, c. 786; 1951, e. 606; 1953, c. 1295; 
G. S. 143-213 

Composition: Eight members. Two Ex-ofRcio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

J. V. Whitfield, Chairman Burgavi^ 

J. M. Jarrett, Ex-officio Raleigh 

B. C. Snow, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Scott B. Berkeley Goldsboro 

Walter Clark Lincolnton 

Mrs. Karl Bishopric Spray 

J. N. Vann Ahoskie 

H. Grady Farthing Boone 

E. C. Hubbard, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA SYMPHONY SOCIETY, INC. 

1943, c. 755; 1947, c. 1049; G. S. 140-6 

Composition: Not less than sixteen members. Two Ex-officio, 
four appointed by the Governor, balance chosen by the members 
of the Symphony Society. 

Ex-officio : 

Governor Luther H. Hodges Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll Raleigh 

Officers : 

Russell M. Grumman, President Chapel Hill 

M. Elliott Carroll, Executive Vice-President Durham 

Lester C. Gifford, Vice-President Hickory 

James McClure Clarke, Vice-President Asheville 

Mrs. Floyd D. Mehan, Vice-President High Point 

John E. Adams, Secretary Chapel Hill 

William R. Cherry, Treasurer Chapel Hill 



288 North Carolina Manual 

Mrs. Vera N. Campbell, Assistant Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Benjamin F. Swalin, Director Chapel Hill 

Executive Committee : 

John E. Adams Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Athel Campbell Burnham Chapel Hill 

M. Elliott Carroll Durham 

William R. Cherry Chapel Hill 

James McClure Clarke Asheville 

Mrs. John N. Couch Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Edward C. Curnen, Jr Chapel Hill 

Lester C. Gifford Hickory 

Voit Gilmore Southern Pines 

Paul Green Chapel Hill 

Russell M. Grumman Chapel Hill 

J. Welch Harriss High Point 

George Watts Hill, Jr Durham 

A. G. Ivey Chapel Hill 

Charles E. Jordan Durham 

Thomas J. Lassiter Smithfield 

Mrs. Fred B. McCall Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Floyd D. Mehan High Point 

E. K. Powe Durham 

Jan P. Schinhan Chapel Hill 

Benjamin F. Swalin Chapel Hill 

Cleveland Thayer Asheboro 

TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1941, c. 25, s. 6; 1943, c. 719; 1947, c. 259; G. S. 135-6 

Composition: Eight members. Two Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Supt. Public Instruction, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Clyde W. Gordon Burlington 

Sam J. Burrow, Jr Asheboro 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 289 

Thomas F. Royall Wadesboro 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

Claude Love Raleigh 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

TEXTBOOK COMMISSION 

1923, c. 136, s. 325; 1943, c. 627, s. 1; 1945, c. 707, ss. 4, 12; 
C. S. 5735; G. S. 115-278.4 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction : 

I. E. Ready, Chairman Roanoke Rapids 

Elementary Division: 

Mrs. Carrie Abbott Bryson City 

Mary Greenlee Mooresville 

Marie Haigwood Yadkinville 

Cornelia McLaughlin Lillington 

Luther Medlin Greensboro 

Mrs. Helen D. Wolff Greenville 

High School Division: 

Bertha Cooper Elizabeth City 

Mrs. Phebe Emmons Washington 

C. B. Martin Robersonville 

0. L. Norment Asheville 

(One vacancy) 

NORTH CAROLINA TURNPIKE AUTHORITY 

1951, c. 1159; 1953, c. 1116; G. S. 136-89.14 

Composition: Ten members. One Ex-officio, nine appointed by 
the Governor, five of whom shall be members of the State High- 
way and Public Works Commission. 

W. T. Joyner, Chairman State Highway 

Commission, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Orton A. Boren, Chairman Pleasant Garden 

W. W. Shope Weaverville 



290 North Carolina Manual 

Nello L. Teer, Sr Durham 

Edwin L. Jones Charlotte 

M. E. Robinson Goldsboro 

Forrest Lockey Aberdeen 

James A. Hardison Wadesboro 

J. F. Snipes Marion 

June F. Scarborough, Secretary Statesville 

UTILITIES COMMISSION 

1933, c. 134; 1941, c. 97; 1949, c. 1009; G. S. 62-1 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the Senate. 

Stanley Winborne, Chairman Raleigh 

Ralph Moody Raleigh 

Edward H. McMahan Raleigh 

Sam 0. Worthington Raleigh 

Harry T. Wescott Raleigh 

Mrs. Mary Laurens Richardson, Chief Clerk Raleigh 

VETERANS COMMISSION 
1945, c. 723; G. S. 165-5 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Govei-nor. 

S. Amos Maynard, Chairman Greensboro 

J. O. Thomas Leaksville 

John L. Kallam Kinston 

Frank W. Swan Andrews 

J. M. Caldwell, Director Raleigh 

(One vacancy) 

BOARD OF WATER COMMISSIONERS 
1955, c. 857; G. S. 143-320 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

J. R. Townsend, Chairman Greensboro 

George Hundley, Vice-Chairman Thomasville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 291 

James J. Harris Charlotte 

David Hall Sylva 

Jack Riley Raleigh 

James McKenzie Laurinburg 

C. W. Mayo Tarboro 

W. H. Riley, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 
1947, c. 263; G. S. 143-241 

Compositon: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

District 1 0. L. Woodhouse, Chairman Grandy 

District 2 Robert M. Carr, Secretary Wallace 

District 3 G. E. Beal Red Oak 

District 4 J. A. Bridger Bladenboro 

District 5 S. I. Stev/art Greensboro 

District 6 Thurman Briggs Lexington 

District 7 R. Floyd Crouse Sparta 

District 8 James A. Connelly, Vice-chairman Morganton 

District 9 Charles T. Wilson Biltmore 

Clyde P. Patton, Director Raleigh 



292 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA INSTITUTIONS 

CORRECTIONAL (White) 

Eastern Carolina Industrial Training School for Boys, 

Rocky Mount 

1923, c. 254, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 5; 1927, c. 144; 
C. S. 7362; G. S. 134-67 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; G.S. 134-90 

State Home and Industrial School for Girls, Samarcand 

1917, c. 255, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 4; 1929, c. 279, s. 1; 
1937, c. 147, s. 1; 1947, c. 226; C. S. 7329; G. S. 134-22 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G.S. 134-90 

Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School, 

Concord 

1907, c. 509, s. 6; 1907, c. 955, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 2; 
C.S. 7313; G.S. 134-1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 



CORRECTIONAL (Negro) 

Morrison Training School, Hofifman 

1921, c. 190, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 6; 1927, c. 63; 
1941, c. 241; G.S. 134-90 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943,0.776; G. S. 134-90 

State Training School for Negro Girls, Kinston 
1943, c. 381; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-84.1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943,c. 776; G.S. 134-90 



GOVKRN MENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 293 

EDUCATIONAL (White) 
APPALACHIAN STATE TEACHERS' COLLEGE, BOONE 

Rev. s. 4229; 1903, c. 798, ss. 1, 9, 11; 1907, c. 526, s. 1; 

1915, c. 527, s. 1; 1917, c. 100, s. 1; 1919, c. 231, s. 1; 

Pr. 1925, c. 204; Pr. 1929, c. 66; G. S. 116-66 

Compositon : Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

William J. Conrad, Chairman Winston-Salem 

B. C. Brock, Vice-Chairman Mocksville 

J. R. Hix North Wilkesboro 

W. W. Mast Valle Crusis 

Fred N. Colvard Jefferson 

Mrs. Harry B. Caldwell Greensboro 

Mrs. Eunice Moose Taylorsville 

S. P. Jones Statesville 

L. A. Dysart Lenoir 



EAST CAROLINA COLLEGE, GREENVILLE 

1907, c. 820, s. 15; 1911, c. 159, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 7; 1927, c. 164; 

1929, c. 259; 1951, c. 641; 1955, c. 1147; 1957, c. 1142; 

C. S. 5866; G. S. 116-59 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor with 
the approval of the Senate. 

W. W. Taylor Warrenton 

Fred Willetts Wilmington 

Ralph Hodges Washington 

Luther Hamilton Morehead City 

Charles H. Larkins Kinston 

Henry Belk Goldsboro 

Herbert Waldrop Greenville 

E. E. Rawls Greenville 

N. Elton Aydlett Elizabeth City 

I. H. O'Hanlon Fayetteville 

Mrs. W. B. Umstead Durham 

Arthur L. Tyler Rocky Mount 

Agnes W. Barrett, Secretary Greenville 



294 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF 
AT MORGANTON 

Rev. s. 4203; 1891, c. 399, s. 2; 1901, c. 210; 1925, c. 306, s. 11 ; 
C. S-5889; G. S. 116-121 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Chas. K. Bryant, President Lincolnton 

Rev. James R. Fortune, Vice-President Durham 

William S. MeCord, Secretary Charlotte 

H. L. Wilson Morganton 

Howard Moose Newton 

O. H. Pons Valdese 

R. J. Morris Marion 



OXFORD ORPHANAGE, OXFORD 

Private Laws, 1923, c. 119 

Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. Nine 
under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Benjamin Cone, Vice-President Greensboro 

J. Edward Rooker Warrenton 

Thomas L. Simmons Rocky Mount 

Appointed under by-laws : 

John C. Vance, Chairman Asheville 

Charles A. Harris, Vice-Chairman Roxboro 

Wade H. Dickens Scotland Neck 

E. T. Howard, President High Point 

L. T. Hartsel, Jr Concord 

Judge J. Wallace Winborne Raleigh 

A. D. Leon Gray, Secretary Oxford 

M. E. Parham, Treasurer Oxford 

(One vacancy) 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 295 

PEMBROKE STATE COLLEGE, PEMBROKE 

1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1929, c. 238; 1931, c. 275; 1941, c. 323; 
1949, c. 58; G. S. 116-81 

Composition : Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

L. W. Jacobs, Chairman Pembroke 

Lester Bullard Maxton 

Albert Hammond Lumberton 

James R. Lowry Pembroke 

Steve Hammond, Jr Lumberton 

C. L. Maynor Pembroke 

A. G. Lowry Rowland 

D. F. Lowry Pembroke 

Zeb A. Lowry Pembroke 

James A. Sampson Pembroke 

John L. Carter, Secretary Pembroke 



THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND 
AND THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 1905, c. 67; 
1925, c. 306; ss. 10, 13, 14; C. S. 5873; G. S. 116-106 

Composition : Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Ben R. Roberts, Chairman Durham 

D'Arcy Bradsher Roxboro 

Fulton A. Huntley Wadesboro 

Mrs. Julian B. Hutaff Fayetteville 

Mrs. B. C. Mangum Henderson 

Tom L. Pendergrass Durham 

James Penland Asheville 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

J. B. Spilman, Jr Greenville 

Carroll W. Weathers Wake Forest 

Egbert N. Peeler, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 



296 North Carolina Manual 

TRUSTEES UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

The State College of Agriculture and Engineering of the 
University of North Carolina at Raleigh 

Woman's College of the University of North Carolina 
at Greensboro 

C. S. 5789; G. S. 116-4 

Compositon : One hundred members. Elected by the General 
Assembly. The legal term of office expires April 1st of year indi- 
cated. 

*Executive Committee 

Governor Luther H. Hodges, Chairman Raleigh 

1958 

Mrs. May L. Tomlinson High Point 

Victor S. Bryant Durham 

Mrs. A. H. Lathrop Asheville 

1960 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount 

George Watts Hill Durham 

A. H. Harris Oriental 

1962 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

John W. Clark Franklinville 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro 

1964 

John J. Parker Charlotte 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Reid A. Maynard Burlington 



*Term expires July 1st of year indicated. 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 297 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES FOR LIFE 

W. Kerr Scott Haw River 

EX-OFFICIO 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, State Superintendent of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 

SECRETARY TO THE BOARD 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Miss Billie Curtis, Assistant Chapel Hill 

1959 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh Wake 

Mrs. Ed. M. Anderson West Jefferson Ashe 

Wm. C. Barfield Wilmington New Hanover 

Kemp D, Battle Rocky Mount Nash 

George Nick Noble Trenton Jones 

Charles A. Cannon Concord Cabarrus 

Mrs. Nancy Hall Copeland. . Murfreesboro Hertford 

W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh Wake 

Hugh Horton Williamston Martin 

Dr. Paul E. Jones Farmville Pitt 

A. H. London Pittsboro Chatham 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Red Springs Robeson 

J. W. York Raleigh Wake 

John J. Parker Charlotte Mecklenburg 

J. Hampton Price Leaksville Rockingham 

Claude W, Rankin Fayetteville Cumberland 

Ben F. Royal Morehead City Carteret 

B. S. Royster Oxford Granville 

Wm. P. Saunders Aberdeen Moore 

Fred I. Sutton Kinston Lenoir 

Dr. Shahane Taylor Greensboro Guilford 

Oscar Vatz Fayetteville Cumberland 

Herman Weil Goldsboro Wayne 

Hill Yarbrough Louisburg Franklin 

J. Robert Young Dunn Harnett 



298 North Carolina Manual 

1961 

Wade Barber Pittsboro Chatham 

Frank H. Brown, Jr Cullowhee Jackson 

Victor S. Bryant Durham Durham 

John W. Clark Franklinville Randolph 

W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids Halifax 

Floyd Crouse Spai'ta Alleghany 

Horton Doug'hton Statesville Iredell 

A.. C. Edwards Hookerton Greene 

Henry A. Fescue High Point Guilford 

Robert M. Hanes Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Dr. L. J. Herring Wilson Wilson 

Mrs. J. B. Kittrell Greenville Pitt 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton Jones 

Dr. Harvey B. Mann Lake Landing Hyde 

C. Knox Massey Durham Durham 

Reid A. Maynard Burlington Alamance 

Glenn C. Palmer Clyde Haywood 

Edwin S. Pou Raleigh Wake 

Mrs. Grace T. Rodenbough. . Walnut Cove Stokes 

Alex A. Shuford, Jr Hickory Catawba 

Dr. L. H. Swindell Washington Beaufort 

Mrs. Charles Tillett Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Qarl V. Venters Jacksonville Onslow 

J. Shelton Wicker Sanford Lee 

Dr. Roy B. McKnight Charlotte Mecklenburg 

1963 

Mrs. Oscar Barker Durham Durham 

Mrs. Mary Mclver Stanford. Chapel Hill Orange 

Irwin Belk Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Mitchell Britt Warsaw Duplin 

Mrs. Mebane H. Burgwyn . . . Jackson Northampton 

Sam N. Clark, Jr Tarboro Edgecombe 

T. J. Collier Bayboro Pamlico 

A. Roy Cox Asheboro Randolph 

Eugene Cross Marion McDowell 

Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount Edgecombe 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 299 

0. Max Gardner, Jr Shelby Cleveland 

John G. H. Geitner Hickory Catawba 

George Watts Hill Durham Durham 

John H. Kerr, Jr Warrenton Warren 

W. C. Lassiter Snow Hill Greene 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro Guilford 

D. L. McMichael Madison Rockingham 

Rudolph I. Mintz Wilmington New Hanover 

Thomas O. Moore Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson Pender 

Mrs. B. C. Parker Albemarle Stanly 

Thomas Turner Greensboro Guilford 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill Orange 

Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern Craven 

Macon M. Williams Lenoir Caldwell 

1965 

H. L. Riddle, Jr Morganton Burke 

Dr. John C. Tayloe Washington Beaufort 

Mrs. Emily H. Preyer Greensboro Guilford 

Larry I. Moore Wilson Wilson 

H. P. Taylor Wadesboro Anson 

Marshall Y. Cooper Henderson Vance 

Kemp B. Nixon Lincolnton Lincolnton 

John P. Stedman Lumberton Robeson 

Calvin Graves Winston-Salem Forsyth 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro Wayne 

Cameron S. Weeks Tarboro Edgecombe 

F. E. Wallace Kinston Lenoir 

Clarence L. Pemberton Yancey ville Caswell 

A. B. Smith, Jr Dunn Harnett 

Mrs. George Wilson Fayetteville Cumberland 

Mrs. Albert H. Lathrop .... Asheville Buncombe 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage Moore 

James L. Pittman Scotland Neck Halifax 

Roy Rowe Burgaw Pender 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount Nash 

Dr. John Gilmer Mebane . . . Rutherfordton Rutherford 



300 NoKTH Carolina Manual 

C. Lacy Tate Chadbourn Columbus 

Dr. Jesse B. Caldwell Gastonia Gaston 

Dr. Francis A. Buchanan . . . Hendersonville Henderson 

Lenox G. Cooper Wilmington New Hanover 

NORTH CAROLINA VOCATIONAL TEXTILE SCHOOL 

1945, c. 806; G. S. 115-255.1 

Composition : Seven members. One Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

J. Warren Smith, Director of Vocational Education, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

Otis M. Mull, Chairman Shelby 

J. Harold Lineberger Belmont 

Alex W. Bell Mount Holly 

Claude C. Dawson Cramerton 

Ben R. Rudisill Cherryville 

R. Grady Rankin Gastonia 

WESTERN CAROLINA COLLEGE, CULLOWHEE 

1925, c. 270; 1929, c. 251; 1951, c. 1167; 1953, c. 1282; 

G. S. 116-46 

Composition : Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

Philip Woolcott, Chairman Asheville 

E. J. Whitmire Franklin 

J. Ramsey Buchanan Sylva 

H. A. Helder Canton 

Charles F. Gold Raleigh 

James J. Harris Charlotte 

Frank H. Watson Spruce Pine 

W. H. McDonald Tryon 

Mrs. Robert Russell Asheville 

Mrs. Dan K. Moore Sylva 

Hieronymous Bueck Murphy 

Mrs. F. S. Griffin Robbinsville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 301 

EDUCATIONAL (Negro) 

THE NEGRO AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE 
OF NORTH CAROLINA, GREENSBORO 

Rev., s. 4223; 1891, c. 549, s. 4; 1899, c. 389, ss. 2, 3; 
1939, c. 65, s. 4; 1943, c. 132; 1957, c. 1142; C. S. 5828; G. S. 116-94 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor. 

Shelley B. Caveness, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

A. H. Brett Winton 

James A. Graham Raleigh 

E. E. Waddell Albemarle 

H. A. Scott Haw River 

Robei't H. Frazier Greensboro 

W. B. Wicker Sanford 

George Sockwell Gibsonville 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 

J. Wilson Alexander Huntersville 

E. R. Merrick Durham 

Dr. Murray Davis High Point 

ELIZABETH CITY STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
ELIZABETH CITY 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

J. W. Davis, Chairman Edenton 

G. H. Ferguson Raleigh 

O. Roy Symons Elizabeth City 

W. C. Chappell Belvidere 

J. H. Moore Elizabeth City 

T. S. Cooper Sunbury 

T. C. Sawyer, Sr Belcross 

E. P. Leary Old Trap 

Dr. E. L. Hoffler, Secretary Elizabeth City 



302 North Carolina Manual 

FAYETTE\ ILLE STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
FAYETTEVILLE 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

John H. Cook, Chairman Fayetteville 

Gurney E. Edgerton, Secretary Fayetteville 

Dr. W. P. DeVane Fayetteville 

Victor Davidson Fayetteville 

Dr. C. W. Furlonge Smithfield 

R. J. Hester Elizabethtown 

W. E. Horner Sanford 

Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Emil Rosenthal Goldsboro 



NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AT DURHAM 

1925, c. 306, s. 9 (a); 1939, c. 65, s. 4; 1947, c. 189; G. S. 116-99 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, 
approved by the Senate. 

R. M. Gantt, Chairman Durham 

Bascom Baynes, Vice-Chairman Durham 

Dr. J. M. Hubbard, Sr., Secretary Durham 

Dr. J. W. Black Rocky Mount 

Walter Jones, Jr Rockingham 

B. I. Satterfield Timberlake 

Frank Banzet Warrenton 

C. A. Dandelake Tarboro 

T. W. Ellis, Jr Henderson 

Ernest B. Johnson Winston-Salem 

Banks Wilkins Sanford 

Nelson Woodson Salisbury 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 303 

THE COLORED ORPHANAGE OF NORTH CAROLINA, 

OXFORD 

1887, c. 47; 1927, c. 162; G. S. 116-139 

Composition: Thirteen members. Five appointed by the Gover- 
nor and eight under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Dr. R. L. Noblin Oxford 

M. S. Currin, Secretary-Treasurer Oxford 

B. K. Lassiter Oxford 

W. T. Yancey Oxford 

N. W. Weldon Oxford 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Dr. E. E. Toney, Chairman Oxford 

R. L. Shepard Oxford 

S. B. Simmons Greensboro 

L. E. Austin Durham 

Dr. G. D. Carnes Wilmington 

Dr. J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

Dr. P. A. Bishop Rich Square 

Mrs. Ellen S. Alston Raleigh 



THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND AND 
THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 1905, c. 67; 
1925, c. 306 ss. 10, 13, 14; C. S. 5873; G. S. 116-106 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Ben R. Roberts, Chairman Durham 

D'Arcy Bradsher Roxboro 

Fulton A. Huntley Wadesboro 

Mrs. Julian B. Hutaff Fayetteville 



304 North Carolina Manual 

Mrs. B. C. Mangum Henderson 

Tom L. Pendergrass Durham 

James Penland Asheville 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

J. B. Spilman, Jr Greenville 

Carroll W. Weathers Wake Forest 

Egbert N. Peeler, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 



THE WINSTON-SALEM TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
WINSTON-SALEM 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; G. S. 116-103 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the Senate. 

John C. Whitaker, Chairman Winston-Salem 

William F. Womble, Vice-Chairman Winston-Salem 

Dr. Rufus S. Hairston, Secretary Winston-Salem 

Thomas Winfield Blackwell Winston-Salem 

J. Harmon Linville Kernersville 

L. D. Long Reynolda 

Clarence Pemberton Yanceyville 

Julian Robertson Salisbury 

Mrs. Birdie G. Robinson Winston-Salem 



HOSPITALS (WHITE) 
BUTNER TRAINING SCHOOL, BUTNER 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

CASWELL TRAINING SCHOOL, KINSTON 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1945, c. 925, s. 1; 
C. S. 6159 (a);G.S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 305 

THE NORTH CAROLINA CEREBRAL PALSY HOSPITAL, 

DURHAM 

1945, c. 504; 1953, c. 893; G. S. 131-128 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Secretary Raleigh 

Grizzelle Norfleet Winston-Salem 

Felix S. Barker Raleigh 

Russell M. Grumman Chapel Hill 

Hubert 0. Teer Durham 

Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

Margarette Wood Smethurst Raleigh 

George R. Hughes Pollocksville 

(One vacancy) 

THE MOSES H. CONE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, 
GREENSBORO 

Pr. 1913, c. 400 

Composition: Fifteen members. Eight members appointed by 
Mrs. Moses H. Cone, three members appointed by the Governor, 

OFFICERS: 

Benjamin Cone, President Greensboro 

Jospeh T. Martin, Vice-President Greensboro 

Howard Holderness, Treasurer Greensboro 

Thomas F. Williams, Assistant Treasurer Greensboro 

TRUSTEES: 

Claud B. Bowen Greensboro 

Ceasar Cone Greensboro 

Mrs. Julius W. Cone Greensboro 

James A. Doggett Greensboro 

Charles A. Hines ., Greensboro 

Joseph T. Martin Greensboro 

Roger A. McDuffie Greensboro 

L. P. McLendon Greensboro 

Miss Mereb E. Mossman Greensboro 

James R. Townsend Greensboro 



306 North Carolina Manual 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro 

Dr. Wilburt C. Davidson Durham 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro 

Harold L. Bettis, Assistant Secretary Greensboro 



NORTH CAROLINA ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL, GASTONIA 
1917, c. 199, s. 4; C. S. 7254; G. S. 131-1 

Composition : Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

W. Frank Phillips Charlotte 

George Blanton, Chairman Shelby 

Frank Dowd, Secretary Charlotte 

W. L. Balthis, Treasurer Gastonia 

Kay Dixon, President Gastonia 

Mrs. R. E. McDowell Charlotte 

Helen Kaiser Durham 

J. Harold Lineberger Belmont 

(One vacancy) 

NORTH CAROLINA SANATORIUMS FOR THE 
TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS 

BLACK MOUNTAIN, McCAIN, WILSON AND CHAPEL HILL 

1907, c. 964; Ex. session 1913, c. 40, s. 1; 1923, cc. 96, 127; 
1925, c. 306, s. 12; 1935, c. 91, ss. 2, 3; 1935, c. 138; 
1939, c. 325; G. S. 131-62 

Composition: One Ex-officio. Tv^^elve members appointed by the 
Governor with the approval of the Senate. 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Carl C. Council, Chairman Durham 

A. E. Gibson, Vice-Chairman . . . Wilmington 

L. L. Love Andrews 

Charles A. Cannon Concord 

P. D. Jones Laurinburg 

0. Arthur Kirkman, Secretary High Point 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Southern Pines 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 307 

Mrs. Roy Parker Ahoskie 

Dr. M. A. Pittman Wilson 

Dr. W. G. Suiter Weldon 

Hardy Talton Pikeville 

(One vacancy) 

STATE HOSPITAL AT BUTNER 

1947, c. 537; G. S. 122-1 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORGANTON 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

STATE HOSPITAL AT RALEIGH 
1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

HOSPITALS (NEGRO) 
GOLDSBORO TRAINING SCHOOL, GOLDSBORO 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

STATE HOSPITAL AT GOLDSBORO 

1921, s. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 



308 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA CONFEDERATE INSTITUTION 

Woman's Home at Fayetteville 

1913, c. 62; C. S. 5135; G. S. 112-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. E. R. McKeithan, Chairman Fayetteville 

Chas. G. Rose, Jr Fayetteville 

Mrs. John D. Boyd Fayetteville 

Mrs. J. Y. Gatewood Yanceyville 

Mrs. R. Grady Johnson Burgaw 

Mrs. J. F. McGill Fayetteville 

Mrs. H. L. Stevens, Jr Warsaw 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 309 

EXAMINING BOARDS 

STATE BOARD OF 
CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT EXAMINERS 

1913, c. 157; 1925, c. 261, s. 11; 1939, c. 21; 1951, c. 844; 
C. S. 7008; G. S. 93-12 

Composition : Four members appointed by the Governor. 

S. Preston Douglas, President Lumberton 

Leslie A. Heath, Vice-President Charlotte 

R. Glenn Snipes, Secretary-Treasurer Asheville 

Sydney H. Shavi^ Rocky Mount 

Katharine D. Guthrie, Administrative Secretary .... Chapel Hill 

STATE BOARD OF 
ARCHITECTURAL EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION 

1915, c. 270, s. 1; C. S. 4986; G. S. 83-2 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Henry Irven Gaines, President Asheville 

Leon McMinn, Vice-President Greensboro 

John Erwin Ramsay, Secretary-Treasurer Salisbury 

James W. Griffith, Jr Greenville 

William A. Bowles Charlotte 

Ross Shumaker, Executive Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS 

1929, c. 119, s. 6; G. S. 86-6 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. M. Cheek, Chairman High Point 

J. Lanning Asheville 

C. T. Land Rocky Mount 



310 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF CHIROPODY EXAMINERS 

1919, c. 78, s. 3; C. S. 6765; G. S. 90-190 

Composition: Three members appointed by the North Carolina 
Pedic Association. 

Dr. W. W. Potter, Chairman Charlotte 

Dr. Charles Darby, Secretary Statesville 

Dr. R. W. Getchell Goldsboro 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
CHIROPRACTIC EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 73, s. 1; 1933, c. 442, s. 1 ; C. S. 6711; G. S. 90-140 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. W. E. Thornton, President Goldsboro 

Dr. W. O. Briens, Vice-President Hickory 

Dr. Carl H. Peters, Secretary-Treasurer Rocky Mount 

NORTH CAROLINA LICENSING BOARD FOR CONTRACTORS 

1925, c. 318, s. 2; G. S. 87-2 
Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

N. K. Dickerson, Jr., Chairman Monroe 

Roy L. Goode, Vice-Chairman Charlotte 

R. A. Bryan Goldsboro 

V. B. Higgins Greensboro 

R. D. Beam Raleigh 

James M. Wells, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
COSMETIC ART EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 179; 1935, c. 54, s. 2; G. S. 88-13 
Composition : Three members appointed by the Governor. 

James A. Henderson, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Zada Noe, Vice-Chairman Beaufort 

Mrs. Eleanor Wallace, Secretary Durham 

Mrs. Catherine Munn, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 311 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS 

1879, c. 139; 1915, c. 178; 1935, c. 66, s. 1 ; G. S. 90-22 

Composition : Six members elected by the Society and commis- 
sioned by the Governor. 

Dr. Cleon W. Sanders, President Benson 

Dr. J. H. Guion, Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

Dr. Wade H. Breeland Belmont 

Dr. S. W. Shaffer Greensboro 

Dr. William M. Matheson Boone 

Dr. Darden J. Eui"e Morehead City 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 87, s. 1; G. S. 87-39 

Composition : Five members, three appointed by the Governor, 
two Ex-officio. 

N. E. Cannady, Chairman Oxford 

W. A. Darden, Vice-Chairman Greenville 

R. S. Fouraker Raleigh 

E. C. Peele Burlington 

W. W. Hanks Charlotte 

Elizabeth E. Anderson, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

EMBALMERS LICENSING BOARD 

Rev. 4384; 1901, c. 388, ss. 1, 2, 3; 1931, c. 174; 1945, c. 98, s. 1; 
1949, c. 951, s. 1 ; C. S. 6777; G. S. 90-203 

Composition : Seven members elected by The North Carolina 
Funeral Directors and Burial Association, Inc. 

J. Ollie Harris, President Kings Mountain 

Raymond Pollock, Vice-President New Bern 

Jack T. Pugh, Jr., Secretary Asheboro 

Willis H. Groce Asheville 

Winston Montgomery Durham 

S. J. Westmoreland Marion 

I. T. Seymour Goldsboro 

Clyde 0. Robinson, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



12 



312 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF REGISTRATION FOR 
ENGINEERS AND LAND SURVEYORS 

1921, c. 1, s. 3; C. S. 6055(d) ; G. S. 89-3 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Walter J. Seeley, Chairman Durham 

Arvin Page, Vice-Chairman Winston-Salem 

Robert B. Rice, Secretary Raleigh 

Wm. G. Brown, Jr Concord 

G. S. Harrell Shannon 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 210, s. 10; c. 331 ; 1935, cc. 33, 61 ; 1941, c. 344, s. 6; 

G. S. 84-24 

Composition : Seven members elected by the Council of the N. C. 
State Bar. 

L. R. Varser, Chairman Lumberton 

George B. Greene Kinston 

Kingsland Van Winkle Asheville 

L. T. Hartsell, Jr Concord 

Buxton Midyette Jackson 

Thomas H. Leath Rockingham 

Arch K. Schoch High Point 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA LIBRARY CERTIFICATION BOARD 

1955, c. 505; G. S. 125-9 

Composition : Four members consisting of State Librarian, the 
Dean of the School of Library Science of the University of North 
Carolina, President N. C. Library Association and one librarian 
appointed by the Executive Board of the North Carolina Library 
Association. 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Hughey, State Librarian, Chairman . . Raleigh 
Olan V. Cook, President, N. C. Library Association . . Chapel Hill 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 313 

Lucile Kelling, Dean, School of Library Science 

The University of North Carolina Chapel Hill 

Charlesanna Fox, Secretary Asheboro 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev. s. 4492; Code, s. 3123; 1858-9, c. 258, ss. 3, 4; Extra Session 
1921, c. 44, s. 1; C. S. 6606; G. S. 90-2 

Composition : Seven members appointed by the North Carolina 
Medical Society. 

Dr. L. Randolph Doffermyre, President Dunn 

Dr. Joseph J. Combs, Secretary Raleigh 

Dr. J. B. Anderson Asheville 

Dr. Thomas W. Baker Charlotte 

Dr. Carl V. Tyner Leaksville 

Dr. Thomas G. Thurston Salisbury 

Dr. Edwin A. Rasberry, Jr Wilson 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF 
NURSE REGISTRATION AND NURSING EDUCATION 

1917, c. 17; 1925, c. 87; 1931, c. 56; 1953, c. 1199; C. S. 6729; 
G. S. 90-158; 90-171.1 

Composition : Twelve members appointed by the Governor. 

Joyce Warren, R. N., Chairman Winston-Salem 

Dr. Moir S. Martin, Vice-Chairman Mount Airy 

Mrs. Priscilla D. Ballance, R. N., Secretary Wilson 

Elizabeth White, R. N Charlotte 

Louise Harkey, R. N Concord 

Mrs. Lillian D. James, R. N Hamlet 

J. Lyman Melvin Rocky Mount 

J. Grayson Brothers Morganton 

Mrs. Dorothy E. Woods Durham 

Mrs. Lura K. Davis Waynesville 

Allie Christine Hill Goldsboro 

Dr. Louten R. Hedgpeth Lumberton 

Vivian M. Culver, R. N., Executive Secretary Raleigh 



314 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF OPTICIANS 
1951, c. 1089; G. S. 90-238 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Frank McBryde, President Fayetteville 

H. L. Ridgeway, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

W. B. Fluharty, Jr Asheville 

H. R. Tolar Goldsboro 

Robert R. Albertson Fayetteville 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
EXAMINERS IN OPTOMETRY 

1909, c. 444, s. 3; 1915, c. 21, s. 1; 1935, c. 63; 
C. S. 6689; G.S. 90-116 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. James S. Bailey, President Charlotte 

Dr. Kenneth W. Ramsey, Secretary-Treasurer Marion 

Dr. John D. Costabile Wilson 

Dr. Harold C. Herring Fairmont 

Dr. John T. High Rocky Mount 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
OSTEOPATHIC EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION 

1907, c. 764, s. 1 ; 1913, c. 92, s. 1 ; 1937, c. 301, s. 1 ; 
C.S. 6701; G. S. 90-130 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. A. H. Zealy, President Goldsboro 

Dr. F. R. Heine, Secretary-Treasurer Greensboro 

Dr. S. D. Foster Asheville 

Dr. Neva A. McCoy Charlotte 

Dr. T. T. Spence Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 315 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY 
Rev., s. 4473; 1905, c. 108, ss. 5, 7; C. S. 6652; G. S. 90-55 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Roger A. McDuffie, President Greensboro 

Robert N. Watson, Vice-President Sanford 

H. C. McAllister, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Frank W. Dayvault Lenoir 

W. Moss Salley, Jr Asheville 

STATE EXAMINING COMMITTEE OF 
PHYSICAL THERAPISTS 

1951,0. 1131; G. S. 90-257 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Helen Kaiser, Chairman Durham 

Margaret Moore, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Dr. G. Erick Bell Durham 

Maria Kennedy ; Charlotte 

Anne M. Parrish Raleigh 



STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF 
PLUMBING AND HEATING CONTRACTORS 

1931, c. 52, s. 1; 1933, c. 57; 1939, c. 224, s. 1; G. S. 87-16 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

W. H. Sullivan, Chairman Greensboro 

L. L. Vaughan, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

H. G. Baity Chapel Hill 

C. C. Davis Wilmington 

R. H. Haley Charlotte 

R. 0. McGary Charlotte 

W. F. Morrison, Executive-Secretary Raleigh 



316 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF REFRIGERATION EXAMINERS 

1955, c. 912; G. S. 87-52 
Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Karl P. Hanson, Chairman Raleigh 

C. V. Stevens, Secretary Salisbury 

Walter H. Jones, Treasurer Raleigh 

Emil T. Chanlett Chapel Hill 

P. B. Mayo Asheville 

G. A. Brickie Wilmington 

James A. Dean, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STRUCTURAL PEST CONTROL 

COMMISSION 

1955, c. 1017; G. S. 106-65.23 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Clyde F. Smith, Chairman Raleigh 

D. L. Wray, Secretary Raleigh 

I. H. O'Hanlon Fayetteville 

Walter H. Wilson Winston-Salem 

John L. Reitzel Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF 
VETERINARY MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev., s. 5432; 1903, c. 503, s. 2; C. S. 6755; G. S. 90-180 

Composition : Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. C. B. Randall, President Kinston 

Dr. J. W. McKee, Vice-President Hickory 

Dr. J. I. Cornwell, Secretary-Treasurer Asheville 

Dr. George Armstrong Charlotte 

Dr. J. C. Bateman Greenville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 317 

STATE OWNED RAILROADS 

ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA RAILROADS 

Directors : 

J. H. Blount Greenville 

J. A. Speight Windsor 

M. G. Mann Raleigh 

Charles M. Johnson, Jr Raleigh 

Clayton Fulcher, Jr Atlantic 

John L. Kallam Kinston 

Hugh Salter Beaufort 

A. B. Harless Edenton 

Dr. B. F. Royall Morehead City 

H. S. Gibbs Morehead City 

Officers : 

J. H. Blount, Chairman of the Board Morehead City 

M. G. Mann, President Raleigh 

G. Paul LaRoque, Secretary-Treasurer Kinston 

J. C. Little, Attorney Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD 



Directors : 



Bascom Baynes Durham 

A. W. Thomas, Jr Concord 

Harry Finch Thomasville 

Robert H. Frazier Greensboro 

Thomas Van Noppen Madison 

A. E. Finley Raleigh 

H. V. Biberstein Charlotte 

James H. Pou Bailey Raleigh 

LeRoy Martin Raleigh 

Alexander Webb Raleigh 

John M. Morehead New York, N. Y. 

W. M. Russ Raleigh 



318 North Carolina Manual 

Officers: 

John M. Morehead, President New York, N. Y. 

W. M. Russ, Vice-President Raleigh 

Milton Abbott, Asst. Sec.-Treas Raleigh 

A. M. Carroll, Attorney Burlington 

Marshall Bennett, Expert Raleigh 



PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 



Senate 321 

MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA— SESSION 1957 

Officers and Members of the Senate 

OFFICERS 

Luther E. Earnhardt President Concord 

Claude Currie President pro tem Durham 

S. Ray Byerly Principal Clerk Sanford 

William H. Byrd Reading Clerk Lillington 

Herman Scott Sergeant-at-Arms Chapel Hill 

SENATORS 
(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name District Party Address 

Aydlett, N. Elton First Democrat Elizabeth City 

*Bell, J. Spencer Twentieth Democrat Charlotte 

Bennett, Kelly E Thirty-third Democrat Bryson City 

Carroll, Seavy A. Tenth Democrat Fayetteville 

Clark, Edward B Tenth Democrat Elizabethtown 

Cobb, William E Twenty-eighth Republican Morgan ton 

Cooke, Frank Patton Twenty-sixth Democrat Gastonia 

Cope'and, J. William First Democrat Murfreesboro 

Cowen, Robert H. Second Democrat Williamston 

Crew, W. Lunsford Fourth Democrat Roanoke Rapids 

Currie, Claude Fourteenth Democrat Durham 

Dawson, John G Seventh Democrat Kinston 

Eagles. J. C, Jr Sixth Democrat Wilson 

EUer, H. P Twenty-fourth Republican N. Wilkesboro 

Gentry, Todd H Twenty-ninth Democrat West Jefferson 

Graves, Calvin Twenty-second Democrat Winston-Salem 

Hamilton, Luther, Sr Seventh Democrat Morehead City 

Henkel, C. V Twenty-fifth Democrat Tumersburg 

Hightower, E. Avery Nineteenth Democrat Wadesboro 

Hoyle, J. W Thirteenth Democrat Sanford 

Jolly, Wilbur M Sixth Democrat Louisburg 

Jones, Dr. Paul E Fifth Democrat Farmville 

Jordan, Dr. Henry W Twelfth Democrat Cedar Falls 

Kirkman, O. Arthur Seventeenth Democrat High Point 

Lanier, Edwin S Sixteenth Democrat Chapel Hill 

Long, Richard G Fourteenth Democrat Roxboro 

Marshall, William F Twenty-third Democrat Walnut Cove 

Martin, Perry W Third Democrat Rich Square 

Mason, James W Eighteenth Democrat Laurinburg 

McBee, John C Thirtieth Republican Bakersville 

McMichael, Jule Fifteenth Democrat Reidsville 

Moore, Cutlar Eleventh Democrat Lumberton 

Morgan, Robert F Twenty-seventh Democrat Shelby 

Owens, Edward L. Second Democrat Plymouth 

Poyner, James M Thirteenth Democrat Raleigh 

Rose, Dr. D.J Eighth Democrat Goldsboro 

Rowe, Roy Ninth Democrat Burgaw 

Rutledge, J. Carlyle Twenty-first Democrat Kannapolis 

Shelton, Henry G. Fourth Democrat Speed 

Shu'ord, W. B Twenty-fifth Democrat Hickory 

Stephenson, J. R Thirty-second Democrat Saluda 

Stikeleather, James G., Jr. .. . .Thirty-first Democrat Asheville 

Stoner, Paul G Eighteenth Democrat Lexington 

Sumner, Benjamin H Twenty-seventh Democrat Spindale 

Thomrs, J. Benton Twelfth Democrat Raeford 

Vann, Henry Ninth Democrat Clinton 

Whitley, Adam J., Jr Eighth Democrat Smithfield 

Whitmire, R. Lee Thirty-second Democrat Henderson ville 

Williams, Staton P Nineteenth Democrat Albemarle 

Woodson, Nelson Twenty-first Democrat Salisbury 

♦Appointed Feb. 11, 1957 to succeed Senator-elect, F. J. Blythe, resigned. 



322 North Carolina Manual 



i - ■ • SENATORS 

Arranged by Districts 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 
District Name Address 

1st — N. Rlton Aydlett Pasquotank 

1st — J. William Copeland Hertford 

2nd — Robert H. Cowen Martin 

2nd — Edward L. Owens Washington 

3rd — Perry W. Martin Northampton 

4th — W. Lunsford Crew Halifax 

4th — Henrv G. Shelton Edgecombe 

5th — Dr. Paul K. Jones Pitt 

6th — J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson 

6th— Wilbur M. Jolly Franklin 

7th— -John G. Dawson Lenoir 

7th — Luther Hamilton, Sr Carteret 

8th— Dr. D. J. Rose Wayne 

8th — Adam J. Whitley, Jr Johnston 

9th — Roy Rowe Pender 

9th — Henry Vann Sampson 

10th — Seavy A. Carroll Cumberland 

10th— Edward B. Clark Bladen 

11th — Cutlar Moore Robeson 

12th— Dr. Henrv W. Jordan Randolph 

12th — J. Benton Thomas Hoke 

13th— J. W. Hoyle Lee 

13th — James M. Poyner Wake 

14th — Claude Currie Durham 

14th — Richard G. Long Person 

15th — Jule McMichael Rockingham 

16th— Edwin S. Lanier Chapel Hill 

17th — O. Arthur Kirkman High Point 

18th — James W. Mason Laurinburg 

18th — Paul G. Stoner Lexington 

19th — E. Avery Hightower Wadesboro 

19th — Staton P. Williams Albemarle 

20th— J. Spencer Bell Charlotte 

21st — J. Carlyle Rutledge Kannapolis 

21st — Nelson Woodson Salisbury 

22nd — Calvin Graves Winston-Salem 

23rd— William F. Marshall Walnut Cove 

24th— H. P. Eller (R) N. Wilkesboro 

25th— C. V. Henkel Turnersburg 

25th— W. B. Shuford Hickory 

26th — Frank Patton Cooke Gastonia 

27th — Robert F. Morgan Shelby 

27th — Benjamin H. Sumner Spindale 

28th— William E. Cobb (R) Morganton 

29th— Todd H. Gentry West Jefferson 

30th— John C. McBee (R) Bakersville 

31st — James G. Stikeleather, Jr Asheville 

32nd — J. R. Stephenson Saluda 

32nd — R. Lee Whitmire Henderson ville 

33rd — Kelly E. Bennett Bryson City 



Senate 323 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 
OF THE SENATE 

1957 

Powers and Duties of the President 

1. The President shall take the chair at the hour fixed by law 
or at the time fixed by the Senate upon adjournment on the pre- 
ceding legislative day, and shall call the members to order. 

2. It shall be the duty of the President, upon order being ob- 
tained, to have the Sessions of the Senate opened with prayer. 

3. In the absence of the President, the President pro tempore 
shall reconvene the Senate and preside, and during such time 
shall be vested with all powers of the President except that of 
casting a vote in case of tie when he shall have voted as a Senator. 
And in the event of the absence of the President and President 
pro tempore at any time fixed for the reconvening of the Senate, 
the Principal Clerk of the Senate, or in his absence also, some 
member of the Senate Committee on Rules, shall call the Senate 
to order and designate some member to act as President. 

4. After the prayer, and upon appearance of a quorum, the 
President shall cause the Journal of the preceding day to be read 
and approved, unless the Chairman of the Committee on Journal 
or some member of the Senate by motion sustained by a majority 
of the members present, have the reading thereof dispensed with 
and the same approved as written. 

5. The President shall preserve order and decorum and pro- 
ceed with the business of the Senate according to the rules 
adopted. He shall decide all questions of order, subject to an 
appeal to the Senate by any member, on which appeal no member 
shall speak more than once unless by leave of the Senate. A two- 
thirds vote of the members present shall be necessary to sustain 
any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

6. All questions for a vote shall be put as follows: "Those in 
favor say 'Aye'," and after the affirmative vote is expressed — 
"Opposed 'No'." After which the President will announce the 
result. If a division on any vote is desired, it must be called for 



324 North Carolina Manual 

immediately before the result of the voting is announced on any 
question, and upon such call, the President shall require the mem- 
bers to stand and be counted for and against any pi-oposition un- 
der consideration. 

7. The ayes and noes may be called for on any question be- 
fore the vote is taken, and if the call is sustained by one-fifth of 
the Senators present, the roll of the Senate shall be called and 
the ayes and noes taken, and the same shall be entered upon the 
Journal. If a Senator desires the ayes and noes recorded on any 
question, he shall address the Chair and obtain recognition and 
say, "Upon that vote or question I call for the ayes and noes." 
Whereupon the President shall say, "Is the call sustained?" If 
one-fifth of the members present then stand the roll is called and 
the ayes and noes recorded. If less than one-fifth present stands, 
the Chair announces, "An insufficient number up" and a viva voce 
vote is then taken. 

8. If any question contains several distinct propositions, it 
shall be divided by the President, at the request of any Senator, 
provided each subdivision, if left to itself, shall form a substantive 
proposition. 

9. The President shall have general direction of the Hall of 
the Senate, and in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct 
in the galleries or lobbies, he shall have the power to order the 
same cleared. 

10. He shall have the right to call on any member to perform 
the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond 
one day. 

11. The Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, be- 
ing a Constitutional Officer shall not have the right to debate 
any question or to address the Senate upon any proposition un- 
less by permission of the majority members present, and shall 
have the right to vote only when there is a tie vote upon any 
question or election. 

12. The President of the Senate, unless he shall have by law 
disqualified himself from that office, shall have the exclusive right 
and authority to appoint all Committees, regular or special, but 
he may delegate said authority in any instance, as he may choose. 

13. All acts, addresses and resolutions, and all warrants and 



Senate 325 

subpoenas issued by order of the Senate shall be signed by the 
President. 

14. The President shall appoint doorkeepers and pages, and 
such laborers as may be necessary, and shall assign to them 
their duties during sessions, and when not in session they shall 
be under the direction of the Principal Clerk and Sergeant-at- 
Arms, to perform such duties as are necessary and proper to the 
conduct of the Senate. 

15. No person except members of the Senate, members of the 
House of Representatives, clerks of the General Assembly, Judges 
of the Supreme and Superior Courts, State Oflficers, former mem- 
bers of the General Assembly and persons particularly invited and 
extended the privileges of the floor by the President shall be ad- 
mitted to the floor of the Senate during its sessions: Provided, 
that no person except members of the House of Representatives 
and officers of the General Assembly shall be allowed on the floor 
of the Senate or in the lobby in the rear of the President's desk, 
unless permitted by the President of the Senate; Provided further, 
no Registered Lobbyist shall be admitted to the floor or any of 
the lobbies of the Senate while the Senate is in Session. 

16. The President of the Senate, in the interest of orderly 
procedure and in order properly to expedite the business of the 
Senate, may refuse to recognize any member for the purpose of 
extending the courtesies of the floor, lobbies or galleries to any 
one or group during any particular order of business, but shall 
recognize such member for said purpose at the close of such or- 
der of business if he then desires recognition. 

17. The President may assign such space or place on the floor 
of the Senate as he desires proper to Reporters desiring to take 
the proceedings of the sessions, provided such does not interfere 
with members of the Senate and its officers and clerks in the 
performance of their duties. 

18. Smoking shall not be allowed on the floor or galleries of 
the Senate during sessions: Provided that smoking may be per- 
mitted in the side lobbies and in the lobby in the rear of the 
President's desk. 

19. The pages of the Senate shall be responsible to and under 
the direction of the President at all times when the Senate is in 
gession, and shall not exceed fourteen in number. They shall re- 



326 North Carolina Manual 

port to the Principal Clerk at other times to be assigned such 
duties as he may direct and shall be under his supervision. i 

Order of Business 

20. After approval of the Journal, the order of business shall 
be as follows : 

(1) Reports of standing committees. 

(2) Reports of select committees. 

(3) Introduction of bills, petitions, and resolutions. 

(4) Messages from the House of Representatives. 

(5) Unfinished business of preceding day. 

(6) Special Orders. 

(7) General Orders — First, local bills on third reading roll call, 
then local bills on second reading roll call. After that the viva voce 
second reading local calendar in numerical order, taking up the 
Senate bills in first order. After disposition of the local calendar, 
the public calendar of bills will be considered in the same order, 
that is : . 

(a) First, third reading roll call bills. 

(b) Second reading roll call bills. 

(c) Second reading bills to be considered viva voce, with Senate 
bills taking precedence in order over House bills. 

But messages from the Governor and House of Representatives 
and communications and reports from State officers and reports 
from the Committee on Engrossed and Enrolled Bills may be re- 
ceived and acted on under any order of business. 

21. Any bill or other matter may be taken up out of order 
upon order of the President or upon motion sustained by a 
majority of the membership present and voting. 

Powers and Duties of Principal Clerk 

22. The President and the Principal Clerk of the Senate shall 
see that all bills shall be acted upon by the Senate in the order 
in which they stand upon the Calendar, unless otherwise ordered 
as hereinafter provided. The Calendar shall include the numbers 
and titles of bills and joint resolutions which have passed the 
House of Representatives and have been received by the Senate 
for concurrence. 

23. The Principal Clerk shall certify the passage of bills by 
the Senate, with the date thereof, together with the fact whether 



Sknate 327 

passed by vote of three-fifths or two-thirds of the Senate, when- 
ever such vote may be required by the Constitution and laws of 
the State. 

24. All necessary supplies and stationery for the Senate, its 
various offices and committees of the Senate shall be purchased 
upon requisition of the Principal Clerk with the approval of the 
President of the Senate. 

25. The office of Eng'rossin^ Clerk is discontinued, and the 
duties of that office as heretofore performed by the Engrossing 
Clerk shall devolve upon the Principal Clerk, who is charged with 
the responsibility therefor. 

26. The Principal Clerk shall cause the Journal of the Senate to 
be typewritten in duplicate, original and carbon, the original to 
be deposited in the office of the Secretary of State as the record, 
and the other (carbon) copy to be delivered to the State Printer. 

27. All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the 
direct duties connected with the committee to which they are as- 
signed, shall report to the Principal Clerk of the Senate and, in 
order to expedite the work of the Senate, shall perform such 
clerical or stenographic work as may be assigned to them. 

Standing Committees 

28. The following committees shall be named by the President 
of the Senate: 

1. Agriculture 

2. Appropriations 

3. Banking 

4. Conservation and Development 

5. Counties, Cities and Towns 

6. Courts and Judicial Districts 

7. Education 

8. Election Laws and Senatorial Districts 

9. Finance 

10. Insurance 

11. Interstate and Federal Relations 

12. Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling, Printing 

13. Judiciary No. 1 

14. Judiciary No. 2 



328 North Carolina Manual 

15. Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

16. Mental Institutions 

17. Penal Institutions 

18. Propositions and Grievances 

19. Public Health 
, 20. Public Roads 

21. Public Utilities 

22. Public Welfare 

23. Retirement, Employment Security 

24. Rules 

25. Salaries and Fees 

26. State Government 

27. University Trustees 

28. Veterans and Military Affairs 

29. Wildlife 

.Joint Committees 

29. "The Chairman of the Committee on Education, with the 
approval of the President, shall appoint a sub-committee of three 
members (the first of whom shall be the Chairman) from the 
membership of the Education Committee, to be known and desig- 
nated as the Sub-Committee on Library." 

The Committee on Trustees of the Greater University, the Com- 
mittee on Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling and Printing, and the 
sub-committee on Library, provided for under this rule shall act 
as the joint committees for the Senate. 

Provided: When any Senate Committee shall sit jointly with 
the House Committee, the Senate Committee reserves the right 
to vote separately from the House Committee. 

30. Membership on standing committees shall consist of not 
more than sixteen Senators, including the Chairman and Vice 
Chairman who shall be designated by the President. Provided the 
committee membership on the Committee on Rules, the Committee 
on Appropriations, the Committee on Finance, the Committee on 
Agriculture, the Committee on Roads and the Committee on Edu- 
cation shall not be limited as to membership. No Senator shall 
hold membership on more than nine standing committees unlegs 
the Rules Committee provides otherwise. 



Senate 329 

30%. The Senate recognizes that the House of Representatives, 
by adoption of its Rules No. 53 V2, had abrogated G. S. 143-14 
and G. S. 143-15 to the extent of the conflict of said Rule with the 
provisions of said sections which heretofore constituted rules of 
each branch of the General Assembly. 

Notwithstanding the inherent right of any committee or sub- 
committee to hold Executive Sessions, no committee or subcom- 
mittee shall take any final action on any measure or thing before 
it except in open session. 

31. The Committee on Engrossed Bills shall examine all bills, 
amendments, and resolutions before they go out of the possession 
of the Senate, and make a report when they find them correctly 
engrossed : Provided, that when a bill is typewritten and has no 
interlineations therein, and has passed the Senate without amend- 
ment, it shall be sent to the House without engrossment, unless 
otherwise ordered. 

32. All bills introduced in the Senate providing for appropria- 
tions from the State, or any subdivision thereof, shall, before 
being considered by the Senate, be referred to the committee on 
Appropriations, and bills referred to other Committees carrying 
any of the provisions herein mentioned, shall be re-referred to 
the Senate as being bills to be considered by the Appropriations 
Committee before proper action may be taken by the Senate. All 
bills inti'oduced in the Senate providing for bond issues, levying 
taxes, or in any manner aff'ecting the taxing power of the State 
or any subdivision thereof, shall before being considered by the 
Senate, be referred to the Committee on Finance, and bills referred 
to other committees carrying any of the provisions herein men- 
tioned shall be re-referred to the Senate as being bills to be con- 
sidered by the Finance Committee before proper action may be 
taken by the Senate. 

"All bills prepared to be introduced by departments, agencies or 
institutions of the State must be introduced in the Senate not later 
than April 10th of this Session. All local bills must be introduced 
in the Senate not later than April 1 of this Session." 

33. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution 
which shall not be considered at the time of making the same, 
or laid on the table by a vote of the Senate, shall stand upon the 
general orders with the bill or resolution; and the report of the 



330 North Carolina Manual 

committee shall show that a majority of the committee were 
present and voted. "A quorum of any committee shall consist 
of a majority of the committee." 

34. "The President of the Senate and the Principal Clerk shall 
appoint Clerks who shall be stenographers to serve as Committee 
Clerks to the following Committees to be assigned when the Com- 
mittees are appointed and when needed." 

Agriculture 

Appropriations 

Conservation and Development 

Counties, Cities and Towns 

Courts and Judicial Districts 

Education 

Finance 

Judiciary No. 1 

Judiciary No. 2 

Propositions and Grievances 

Public Health 

Public Roads 

Public Welfare 

Rules 

State Government 

Wildlife 

In addition to the above-named clerks, the President of the 
Senate, upon recommendation of the Rules Committee, shall ap- 
point additional clerks to perform such duties as may be assigned 
them by the Principal Clerk of the Senate. 

Decorum in Sessions 

35. When any Senator is about to speak in debate or deliver 
any matter to the Senate, he shall rise from his seat and respect- 
fully address the President. 

36. No member shall speak until recognized by the President 
and when two or more members rise at the same time, the Presi- 
dent shall name the member to speak. 

37. No remark reflecting personally upon the action of any Sen- 
ator shall be in order in debate unless preceded by a motion or 
resolution of censure. 



Senate 331 

38. When a Senator shall be called to order he shall take his 
seat until the President shall have determined whether he was 
in order or not; if decided to be out of order, he shall not proceed 
without the permission of the Senate; and every question of order 
shall be decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the 
Senate by any Senator; and if a Senator is called to order for 
words spoken, the words excepted to shall be immediately taken 
down in writing, that the President or Senate may be better able 
to judge of the matter. 

39. No Senator shall speak or debate more than twice nor 
longer than thirty minutes on the same day on the same subject 
without leave of the Senate. 

40. When the President is putting a question, or a division by 
counting shall be had, no Senator shall walk out of or across the 
Chamber, nor when a Senator is speaking, pass between him and 
the President. 

41. Every Senator who shall be within the bar of the Senate 
when the question is stated by the chair shall vote thereon, unless 
he shall be excused by the Senate or unless he be directly inter- 
ested in the question; and the bar of the Senate shall include 
the entire Senate Chamber. 

42. When a motion to adjourn or for recess shall be affirmatively 
determined, no member or officers shall leave his place until ad- 
journment or recess shall be declared by the President. 

43. Senators and visitors shall uncover their heads upon enter- 
ing the Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session and shall 
continue uncovered during their continuance in the Chamber. 

44. No Senator or officer of the Senate shall depart the service 
of the Senate without leave, or receive pay as a Senator or officer 
for the time he is absent without leave. 

Procedural Rules in Debate 

45. Every bill introduced into the Senate shall be printed or 
typewritten. Amendments need not be typewritten. 

46. All bills should be read by their titles, which reading shall 
constitute the first reading of the bills, and unless otherwise dis- 
posed of shall be referred to the proper committee. A bill may be 
introduced by unanimous consent at any time during the session. 



332 North Carolina Manual 

47. Every Senator presenting a paper shall endorse the same; 
if a petition, memorial, or report to the General Assembly with a 
brief statement of its subject or contents, adding: his name; if a 
resolution, with his name; if a report of a committee, a statement 
of such report with the name of the committee and members 
making the same; if a bill, a statement of its title which shall 
contain a brief statement of the subject or contents of the bill, 
with his name; and all bills, resolutions, petitions, and memorials 
shall be delivered to the Principal Clerk and by him handed to 
the President to be by him referred, and he shall announce the 
titles and references of the same, which shall be entered on the 
Journal. 

48. When a bill is materially modified or the scope of its ap- 
plication extended or decreased, or if the county or counties to 
which it applies be changed, the title of the bill shall be changed 
by the Senator introducing the bill or by the committee having it 
in charge, or by the Principal Clerk, so as to indicate the full 
purport of the. bjll as amended and the county or counties to 
which it applies. . 

49. After: a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal pro- 
visions of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other 
measure. Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by 
the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall 
not be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the 
elected membership of the Senate : Provided, no local bill shall be 
held by the Chair as embodying the provisions, or being identical 
with any State-wide measure which has been laid upon the table 
or failed to pass any of its readings. 

50. Whenever a public bill is introduced, seven carbon copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill. The Reading Clerk shall stamp 
the copy with the number stamped upon the original bill. Such 
copy shall be daily delivered to the joint committee hereinafter 
provided for. The Principal Clerk shall deliver the carbon copy 
of the bills designated to be printed as hereinafter provided for 
the public printer and cause 400 copies thereof to be printed. On 
the morning following the delivery of the printed copies the Chief 
Clerk shall cause the Chief Page to have one copy thereof put 
upon the desk of each member, and shall retain the other printed 



Senate 333 

copies in his office. A sufficient number of the printed copies for 
the use of the committee to which the bill is referred shall be by 
the Chief Page delivered to the Chairman or Clerk of that Com- 
mittee. If the bill is passed, the remaining copy shall be by the 
Chief Page delivered to the Principal Clerk of the House for the 
use of the House. The cost of printing shall be paid from the 
contingent fund of the Senate. The Chairman of the Rules Com- 
mittee of the Senate and the Chairman of the Rules Committee 
of the House shall appoint a sub-committee consisting of three 
members of the Senate and two members of the House from the 
body of the Senate and the House and such Chairman shall notify 
the Principal Clerk of the House and of the Senate who has been 
appointed. Such sub-committee shall meet daily and examine the 
carbon copies of the public bills introduced and determine which 
of such public bills shall be printed and which shall not, and stamp 
the copies accordingly. If the member introducing a public bill, 
which the committee shall determine should not be printed, so 
desires, he may appear before the committee at the next meeting 
thereof with reference thereto. 

51. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a com- 
mittee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report there- 
on, then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 
given in the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present and voting, recall the same from the 
committee to the floor of the Senate for consideration and such 
action thereon as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

52. All motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the 
President or a Senator, delivered at the table, and read by the 
President or Reading Clerk before the same shall be debated; but 
any such motion may be withdrawn by the introducer at any time 
before decision or amendment. 

52a. When a bill is reported by a committee with an unfavor- 
able report, but accompanied by a minority report, the minority 
report shall be placed on the calendar and considered the following 
day, and the question before the Senate shall be "The adoption 
of the Minority Report" and if failing to be adopted by a majority 
vote, the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. Be- 
fore a minority report can be considered by the Senate, it must 
be signed by at least three (3) members of the committee who 



334 North Carolina Manual 

were present and voted on the bill when the bill was considered 
in the committee. 

On General Orders and Special Orders 

53. Any bill or other matter may be made a special order for 
a particular day or hour by a vote of the majority of the Sena- 
tors voting, and if it shall not be completed on that day, it shall 
be returned to its place on the Calendar, unless it shall be made 
a special order for another day; and when a special order is un- 
der consideration it shall take precedence of any special order 
or subsequent order for the day, but such subsequent order may 
be taken up immediately after the previous special order has 
been disposed of. 

54. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its be- 
ing passed, and the President shall give notice at each whether it 
be the first, second, or third. After the first reading, unless a mo- 
tion shall be made by some Senator, it shall be the duty of the 
President to refer the subject-matter to an appropriate commit- 
tee. No bill shall be amended until it shall have been twice read. 

On Precedence of Motions 

55. When a question is before the Senate no motion shall be 
received except those herein specified, which motion shall have 
precedence as follows, viz. : 

(1) For adjournment. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 

(7) To commit to a select committee. 

(8) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. 

56. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?" and until it is decided shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the 
bill, resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when 



Senate 335 

amendments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such 
amendments, in their inverse order, without further debate or 
amendment: Provided, that no one shall move the previous ques- 
tion except the member submitting the report on the bill or other 
matter under consideration, and the member introducing the bill 
or other matter under consideration, or the member in charge of 
the measure, who shall be designated by the chairman of the 
committee reporting the same to the Senate at the time the bill or 
other matter under consideration is reported to the Senate or 
taken up for consideration. 

57. When a motion for the previous question is made and is 
pending, debate shall cease and only a motion to adjourn shall 
be in order, which motions shall be put as follows: adjourn, pre- 
vious question, lay on the table. After a motion for the previous 
question is made, pending a second thereto, any member may give 
notice that he desires to offer an amendment to the bill or other 
matter under consideration; and after the previous question is 
seconded such member shall be entitled to offer his amendment in 
pursuance of such notice. 

Some Questions to be Taken Without Debate 

58. The motions to adjourn and lay on the table shall be de- 
cided without debate, and the motion to adjourn shall always be 
in order when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 

59. The respective motions to postpone to a certain day, or to 
commit, shall preclude debate on the main question. 

60. All questions relating to priority of business shall be de- 
cided without debate. 

61. When the reading of a paper is called for, except petitions, 
and the same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be determined 
by the Senate without debate. 

62. Any Senator requesting to be excused from voting may 
make, either immediately before or after the vote shall have been 
called for and before the result shall have been announced, a brief 
statement of the reasons for making such request, and the ques- 
tion shall then be taken without debate. Any Senator may explain 
his vote on any bill pending by obtaining permission of the Pres- 
ident before the vote is put: Provided, that not more than three 
minutes shall be consumed in such explanation. 



336 North Carolina Manual 

Questions That Require a Two-Thirds Vote 

63. No bill or resolution on its third reading shall be acted on 
out of the regular order in which it stands on the Calendar, and 
no bill or resolution shall be acted upon on its third reading the 
same day on which it passed its second reading unless so ordered 
by two-thirds of the Senators present. 

64. No bill or resolution shall be sent from the Senate on the 
day of its passage except on the last day of the session, unless 
otherwise ordered by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 

65. No bill or resolution after being laid upon the table upon 
motion shall be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present. 

66. No rule of the Senate shall be altered, suspended, or re- 
scinded except on a two-thirds vote of the Senators present. 

67. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a com- 
mittee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report there- 
on, then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 
given in the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present and voting, recall the same from the com- 
mittee to the floor of the Senate for consideration and such action 
thereon as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

68. All bills and resolutions reported unfavorably by the com- 
mittee to which they were referred, and having no minority re- 
port, shall lie upon the table, but may be taken from the table, and 
placed upon the Calendar by a two-thirds vote of those present and 
voting. 

69. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provi- 
sions of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other 
measure. Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by 
the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall 
not be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the 
elected membership of the Senate: Provided, no local bill shall be 
held by the Chair as embodying the provisions, or being identical 
with any State-wide measure which has been laid upon the table 
or failed to pass any of its readings. 



Senate 337 

Proceedings When There is Not a Quorum Voting 

70. If, on taking the question on a bill, it shall appear that a 
constitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill requires a vote 
of certain proportions of all the Senators to pass it, and it appears 
that such number is not present, the bill shall be again read and 
the question taken thereon ; if the bill fails a second time for the 
want of the necessary number being present and voting, the bill 
shall not be finally lost, but shall be returned to the Calendar in 
its proper order. 

On Conference Committee and Report 

71. Whenever the Senate shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the House to a bill originating in the Senate, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the House for a 
bill originating in the Senate, a conference committee shall be 
appointed upon motion made, consisting of the number named in 
the motion; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go 
to and be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the 
Senate and House. In considering matters in difference between 
the Senate and House committed to the conferees only such mat- 
ters as are in difference between the two houses shall be con- 
sidered by the conferees, and the conference report shall deal only 
with such matters. The conference report shall not be amended. 
Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of Representa- 
tives of Congress shall govern the appointment, conduct, and re- 
ports of the confei'ees. 

Miscellaneous 

72. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall 
be in order for any Senator who shall have voted in the majority 
to move a reconsideration thereof; but no motion for the reconsid- 
eration of any vote shall be in order after the bill, resolution, 
message, report, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was 
taken shall have gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor 
shall any motion for reconsideration be in order unless made on 
the same day or in the next following legislative day on which the 
vote proposed to be reconsidered shall have taken place, unless 



338 North Carolina Manual 

same shall be made by the Committee on Enrolled Bills for verbal 
or grammatical errors in the bills, when the same may be made 
at any time; Provided that when the next legislative day has by 
motion of the Senate, been restricted as to matters which may be 
considered, a motion to reconsider shall be in order on the next 
succeeding day upon which regular business is conducted. Nor shall 
any question be reconsidered more than once. 

73. In case a less number than a quorum of the Senate shall 
convene, they are authorized to send the doorkeeper or any other 
person, for any or all absent Senators as a majority of the Sen- 
ators present shall determine. 

74. No papers, writings, pamphlets, or printed matter shall be 
placed on the desks of the Senators or distributed in the Senate 
Chamber without the approval of the Principal Clerk. 

75. That in case of adjournment without any hour being named, 
the Senate shall reconvene the next legislative day at 11 
o'clock A.M. 

76. In the event the Senate Rules do not provide for, or cover 
any point of order raised by any Senator, the rules of the United 
States House of Congress shall govern. 



Senate 339 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 

Committee on Agriculture 

Senators: Morgan, Chairman; Thomas, Vice Chairman; Shel- 
ton, Vice Chairman; Clark, Eagles, EUer, Jones, Kirkman, Mc- 
Bee, Moore, Rose, Stikeleather, Stoner, Sumner, Vann, Whitley, 
Williams. 



Committee on Appropriations 

Senators: Eagles, Chairman; Whitmire, Vice Chairman; Sum- 
ner, Vice Chairman; Bennett, Carroll, Cooke, Copeland, Crew, 
Eller, Gentry, Hamilton, Henkel, Hoyle, Jones, Long, McBee, Mc- 
Michael, Marshall, Moore, Owens, Rose, Rowe, Stoner, Thomas, 
Williams, Woodson. 



Committee on Banking 

Senators: Shuford, Chairman; Bell, Clark, Currie, Crew, 
Eagles, Eller, Henkel, Marshall, McMichael, Sumner, Thomas. 



Committee on Conservation and Development 

Senators: Henkel, Chairman; Long, Vice Chairman; Aydlett, 
Clark, Cobb, Hamilton, Kirkman, Poyner, Rowe, Shelton, Sumner, 
Whitmire, Williams. 



Committee on Counties, Cities and Towns 

Senators: Aydlett, Chairman; Stephenson, Vice Chairman; Bell, 
Crew, Hightower, Jolly, Lanier, Martin, Mason, McMichael, Owens, 
Rowe. 



Committee on Courts and Judicial Districts 

Senators: Cooke, Chairman; Stoner, Vice Chairman; Bell, 
Vice Chairman; Aydlett, Carroll, Cowen, Graves, Hamilton, Jolly, 
Martin, Whitmire. 



340 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Education 

Senators: Crew, Chairman; Rutledge, Vice Chairman; Martin, 
Vice Chairman; Bennett, Carroll, Cobb, Cooke, Dawson, Graves, 
Gentry, Henkel, Jones, Jordan, Kirkman, Lanier, McMichael, 
Owens, Rose, Stephenson, Thomas. 

Committee on Election Laws and Senatorial Districts 

Senators: Currie, Chairman; Aydlett, Bell, Bennett, Cobb, 
Crew, Dawson, Gentry, Henkel, Hoyle, McMichael, Sumner. 

Committee on Finance 

Senators: Woodson, Chairman; Poyner, Vice Chairman; Stike- 
leather, Vice Chah-man; Aydlett, Bell, Clark, Cobb, Cowen, Currie, 
Dawson, Eagles, Graves, Hightower, Jolly, Jordan, Kirkman, 
Lanier, Martin, Mason, Morgan, Rutledge, Shelton, Shuford, 
Stephenson, Vann, Whitley. 

Committee on Insurance 

Senators: Rowe, Chairman; Williams, Vice Chairman; Aydlett, 
Cobb, Currie, Hamilton, Hoyle, Long, McMichael, Shelton, Stike- 
leather, Vann. 

Committee on Interstate and Federal Relations 

Senators: Hamilton, Chairman; Bennett, Cobb, Dawson, Jones, 
Morgan, Owens, Rose, Stephenson, Stoner, Vann. 

Committee on Journal Engrossing, Enrolling, and Printing 

Senators: Stoner, Chairman; McBee, Vice Chairman; Cooke, 
Cowen, Eller, Jolly, Lanier, Owens, Thomas, Woodson. 

Committee on Judiciary No. I 

Senators: Graves, Chairman; Jolly, Vice Chairman; Aydlett, 
Carroll, Cooke, Crew, Currie, Dawson, Eagles, Hamilton, High- 
tower, Hoyle, Long, Poyner, Stoner. 



Senate 341 

Committee on Judiciary No. II 

Senators: Copeland, Chairman; Mason, Vice Chairman; Bell, 
Clark, Cowen, Kirkman, Martin, McBee, McMichael, Owens, Rut- 
ledge, Williams, Whitmire, Woodson. 

Committee on Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

Senators: Moore, Chairman; Copeland, Dawson, Gentry, Mar- 
shall, Mason, Rutledge, Shuford, Stikeleather, Whitmire. 

Committee on Mental Institutions 

Senators: Vann, Chairman; Cobb, Vice Chairman; Cooke, 
Cowen, Hightower, Lanier, Long, Marshall, Moore, Morgan, Rose, 
Stoner, Whitley. 

Committee on Penal Institutions 

Senators: Hightower, Chairman; Eller, Vice Chairman; Carroll, 
Cooke, Cowen, Gentry, Jordan, Kirkman, Long, McBee, Marshall, 
Martin, Rose, Stephenson, Vann. 

Committee on Propositions and Grievances 

Senators: Thomas, Chairman; Aydlett, Bell, Bennett, Carroll, 
Gentry, Hamilton, Martin, Shelton, Stikeleather, Stoner, Sumner, 
Vann, Whitmire. 

Committee on Public Health 

Senators: Rose, Chairman ; Bennett, Vice Chairman; Cowen, 
Eller, Henkel, Jones, Jordan, Lanier, Rutledge, Shelton, Stephen- 
son, Thomas. 

Committee on Public Roads 

Senators: Jones, Chairman; Gentry, Vice Chairman; Jordan, 
Vice Chairman; Copeland, Currie, Eagles, Graves, Kirkman, 
McBee, Mason, Moore, Morgan, Poyner, Rowe, Shelton, Shuford, 
Stikeleather, Whitley. 



342 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Public Utilities 

Senators: Whitmire, Chairman; McMichael, Vice Chairman; 
Cooke, Copeland, Crew, Eller, Jolly, Long, Mason, Shuford, Stoner, 
Woodson. 

Committee on Public Welfare 

Senators: Marshall, Chair-man; Lanier, Vice Chairman; Bell, 
Bennett, Eller, Graves, Jolly, Morgan, McMichael, Foyner, Rose, 
Sumner, Thomas, Williams. 

Committee on Retirement Employment Security 

Senators: Dawson, Chairman; Cowen, Vice Chairman; Carroll, 
Cobb, Hamilton, Hoyle, Marshall, Mason, Moore, Morgan, Foyner, 
Rutledge, Whitley. 

Committee on Rules 

Senators: Currie, Chairman; Crew, Copeland, Dawson, Eagles, 
Graves, Henkel, Jones, Kirkman, Mason, Morgan, Rutledge, Whit- 
ley, Whitmire. 

Committee on Salaries and Fees 

Senators: Owens, Chairman; Hoyle, Vice Chairman; Eller, 
Jordan, Lanier, Long, Marshall, McBee, Rose, Shuford, Stephen- 
son, Vann, Whitley. 

Committee on State Government 

Senators: Kirkman, Chairman; Clark, Vice Chairman; Bell, 
Crew, Henkel, Hightower, Jordan, Rutledge, Whitmire, Williams. 

Committee on University Trustees 

Senators: Whitley, Chairman; Aydlett, Clark, Cooke, Copeland, 
Currie, Dawson, Eagles, Graves, Hightower, Hoyle, Jones, Mason, 
Moore, Foyner, Rowe, Stikeleather, Shuford, Sumner, Thomas, 
Woodson. 



Senate 343 

Committee on Veterans and Military Affairs 

Senators: Poyner, Chairman; Carroll, Vice Chairman; Clark, 
Cobb, Cowen, Gentry, Henkel, Hightower, Hoyle, Jolly, Jordan, 
Martin, Morgan, Williams, Woodson. 

Committee on Wildlife 

Senators: Bennett, Chairman; Gentry, Hamilton, McBee, Moore, 
Owens, Rose, Rowe, Shelton, Shuford, Stephenson, Stikeleather. 



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Senate 345 

SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1957 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATE 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District — ^Name County Address Sea t 

1st — N. Elton Aydlett Pasquotank Elizabeth City 6 

1st — ^J. William Copeland Hertford Murfreesboro 7 

2nd — Robert H. Cowen Martin Williamston 40 

2nd — Edward L. Owens Washington Plymouth 3 

3rd — Perry W. Martin Northampton Rich Square 37 

4th — -W. Lunsford Crew Halifax Roanoke Rapids. . . .21 

4th — Henry G. Shelton Edgecombe Speed 50 

5th— Dr. Paul E. Jones Pitt Farmville 16 

6th— J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson Wilson 13 

6th — -Wilbur M. Jolly Franklin Louisburg 25 

7th — -John G. Dawson Lenoir Kinston 12 

7th — Luther Hamilton, Sr Carteret Morehead City 20 

8th— Dr. D. J. Rose Wayne Goldsboro 29 

8th — Adam J. Whitley, Jr Johnston Smithfield 28 

9th — -Roy Rowe Pender Burgaw 22 

9th — -Henry Vann Sampson Clinton 2 

10th — Seavy A. Carroll Cumberland Fayetteville 35 

10th — Edward B. Clark Bladen Elizabethtown 34 

11th — Cutlar Moore Robeson Lumberton 17 

12th — Dr. Henry W. Jordan Randolph Cedar Falls 31 

12th— J. Benton Thomas Hoke Raeford 9 

13th— J. W. Hoyle Lee Sanford 46 

13th — James M. Poyner Wake Raleigh 14 

14th — Claude Currie Durham Durham 5 

14th — ^ Richard G. Long Person Roxboro 32 

15th — Jule McMichael Rockingham Reidsville 39 

16th — Edwin S. Lanier Orange Chapel Hill 42 

17th — O. Arthur Kirkman Guilford High Point 38 

18th — James W. Mason Scotland Laurinburg 41 

18th — Paul G. Stoner Davidson Lexington 30 

19th — E. Avery Hightower Anson Wadesboro 47 

19th— Staton P. Williams Stanly Albemarle 48 

20th — J. Spencer Bell Mecklenburg Charlotte 11 

21st — -J. Carlyle Rutledge Cabarrus Kannapolis 15 

21st — Nelson Woodson Rowan Salisbury 18 

22nd — Calvin Graves Forsyth Winston-Salem 19 

23rd— William F. Marshall Stokes Walnut Cove 36 

24th— H. P. EUer (R) Wilkes N. Wilkesboro 45 

25th— C. V. Henkel Iredell Turnersburg 23 

25th— W. B. Shuford Catawba Hickory 24 

26th — Frank Patton Cooke Gaston Gastonia 4 

27th — Robert F. Morgan Cleveland Shelby 27 

27th — -Benjamin H. Sumner Rutherford Spindale 26 

28th— William E. Cobb (R) Burke Morganton 44 

29th— Todd H. Gentry Ashe West Jefferson 33 

30th— John C. McBee (R) Mitchell Bakersville 43 

31st — -James G. Stikeleather, Jr Buncombe Asheville 1 

32nd— J. R. Stephenson Polk Saluda 49 

32nd — R. Lee Whitmire Henderson Henderson ville 10 

33rd — Kelly E. Bennett Swain Bryson City 8 



Officers and Members of the House of Representatives 

OFFICERS 

J. K. DouRhton Speaker Sparta 

Mrs. Annie E. Cooper Principal Clerk Raleigh 

W. J. Arthur Reading Clerk Chapel Hill 

Joseph H. Warren Sergeant-at-Arms Prospect Hill 

REPRESENTATIVES 
(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name County Party Address 

Anderson, John L Caldwell Republican Whitnel 

Arledge, J. Thurston Polk Democrat Tryon 

Askew, Allen E Gates Democrat Gatesville 

Bell, D. G Carteret Democrat Morehead City 

Blue, H. Clifton Moore Democrat Aberdeen 

Best , E. T. , Jr Cabarrus Democrat Concord 

Bowman, James C Brunswick Democrat Southport 

Brinkley, Harold Alexander Republican Taylorsville 

Britt, Sidney D Bladen Democrat Bladenboro 

Brock, B. C Davie Republican Mocksville 

Buchanan, Marcellus Jackson Democrat Sylva 

Burgess, S. E Camden Democrat Belcross 

Burleson, Jeter C Mitchell Republican Bakersville 

Bynum, Fred W., Jr Richmond Democrat Rockingham 

Byrum, Albert G. Chowan Democrat Edenton 

Carpenter, John F., Sr Catawba Republican Maiden 

Childers, Max L Gaston Democrat Mount Holly 

Clark, David Lincoln Democrat Lincolnton 

Coates, Roy C Johnston Democrat Smithtield 

Combs, Lewis L Tyrrell Democrat Columbia 

Craig, George W Buncombe Democrat Asheville 

Crawford, C. R Swain Democrat Whittier 

Crawford, I. C Buncombe Democrat Asheville 

Davis, J. Toliver Rutherford Democrat Forest City 

Delamar, Ned Pamlico Democrat Oriental 

Dellinger, Da vid P Gaston Democrat Cherry ville 

Dill, Thomas G Edgecombe Democrat Rocky Mouht 

Doughton, J. K Alleghany Democrat Sparta 

Eggers, S. C Watauga Republican Boone 

Etheridge, R. Bruce Dare Democrat Manteo 

Everett, R. Frank Martin Democrat Hamilton 

Falls, B. T., Jr Cleveland Democrat Shelby 

Ferebee, Percv B Cherokee Democrat Andrews 

Floyd, F. Wayland Robeson Democrat Fairmont 

Floyd, W. F. " Columbus Democrat Whiteville 

Fowler, Joe, Jr Surry Democrat Mt. Airy 

Gaither, James C Transylvania Democrat Brevard 

Gavin, W. Ed Randolph Republican Asheboro 

Gobble, F. L Forsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Gregory, Carson Harnett Democrat Angier 

Griggs," Walton S Currituck Democrat Point Harbor 

Hardy, Herbert Greene Democrat Maury 

Hargett, John M Jones Democrat Trenton 

Harris, W. C, Jr Wake Democrat Raleigh 

Harriss, Clvde H Rowan Democrat Salisbury 

Henley, John T Cumberland Democrat Hope Mills 

Hewlett, Addison, Jr. New Hanover Democrat Wilmington 

Hicks, Ernest, L Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Hill, Watts, Jr Durham Democrat Durham 

Holcombe, Harlon Yancey Democrat Burnsville 

Holmes, Carroll R Perquimans Democrat Hertford 

Hostetler, Charles A Hoke Democrat Raeford 

Houk, G. L Macon Democrat Franklin 

Hughes, Jim Avery Republican Lin ville 

Hunt, Joseph M., Jr Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Johnson, Hugh S., Jr Duplin Democrat Rose Hill 

Jones, Austin Ashe Democrat West Jefferson 

346 



House of Representatives 347 



Name County Party Address 

Jones, Walter Pitt Democrat Farmville 

Jordan, John Y., Jr Buncombe Democrat Asheville 

Kemp, Ed Guilford Democrat High Point 

Kennedy, Claude L Wilkes Republican Wilkesboro 

Kerr, John, Jr Warren Democrat Warrenton 

Kiser, Roger C Scotland Democrat Laurinburg 

Leake, A. E Madison Democrat Marshall 

Lloyd, Leonard W Graham Democrat Robbinsville 

Long, George A Alamance Democrat Burlington 

Love, Jack Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Martin, Vernon F Clay Democrat Hayesville 

McCrary, Charles B Haywood Democrat Clyde 

McKnight, James E Iredell Democrat Mooresville 

Murphy, Ashley M Pender Democrat .Atkinson 

O'Neali Dick Hyde Democrat New Holland 

*Parker, J. Roy, Sr Hertford Democrat Ahoskie 

Phelps, J. M., Dr Washington Democrat Creswell 

Philpott, H. Cloyd Davidson Democrat Lexington 

Pittman, Frank S Halifax Democrat Scotland Neck 

Powe, E. K Durham Democrat Durham 

Powell, Radford G Rockingham Democrat Reidsville 

Quinn, Dwight W Cabarrus Democrat Kannapolis 

Randall, J. T Henderson Republican Henderson ville 

Reynolds, W. D Robeson Democrat Lumberton 

Rodenbough, Grace Taylor. . Stokes Democrat Walnut Cove 

Ross, L. H Beaufort Democrat Washington 

Satterfield, B.I Person Democrat Timberlake 

Shreve, Clyde A Guilford Democrat Summerfield 

Simpson , Dan R Burke Republican Morgan ton 

Snepp, Frank W Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Speight, J. A Bertie Democrat Windsor 

Stone, Clarence E., Jr Forsyth Democrat Belews Creek 

Talton, Hardy Wayne Democrat Pikeville 

Taylor, H. P. , Jr Anson ? Democrat Wadesboro 

Thomas, A. V Stanly Republican Oakboro 

Thomas, C. Blake Johnston Democrat Smithfield 

Thompson, W. Reid Chatham Democrat Pittsboro 

Turner, Thomas Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Umstead, J. W., Jr Orange Democrat Chapel Hill 

Uzzell, Geo. R Rowan Democrat Salisbury 

Valentine, Itimous T., Jr Nash Democrat Nashville 

Vann, P. R Sampson Democrat Clinton 

Venters, Carl V Onslow Democrat Jacksonville 

Vogler, James B Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Wall, W. W McDowell Democrat Marion 

Wallace, J. Paul Mongtomery Democrat Troy 

Watkins, Joe A Granville Democrat Oxford 

White, Thomas J Lenoir Democrat Kinston 

Whitehurst, Sam L Craven Democrat New Bern 

Whitley, Philip R. Wake Democrat Wendell 

Wicker, J. Shelton Lee Democrat Sanford 

Williams, F. Webb Pasquotank Democrat Elizabeth City 

Williams, H. Smith Yadkin Republican Yadkinville 

Wilson, Edward H Caswell Democrat Blanche 

Wilson, Henry H., Jr Union Democrat Monroe 

Womble, W. Brantley Wake Democrat Gary 

Womble, William F Forsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Woodard, J. Ravnor Northampton Democrat Conway 

Woodard, Thonias H Wilson Democrat Wilson 

Wooten, Frank M., Jr Pitt Democrat Greenville 

Yarborough, Edward F Franklin Democrat Louisburg 

Yarborough, Wilson F., Sr. . . .Cumberland Democrat Fayetteville 

Zollicoffer, A. A., Jr Vance Democrat Henderson 

*Died May 8, 1957. Succeeded by C. Gordon Maddrey of Ahoskie. 



348 North Carolina Manual 

representatives 

Arranged by Counties 

(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

County Name Address 

Alamance George A. Long Burlington 

Alexander Harold Brinkley (R) Taylorsville 

Alleghany J. K. Doughton Sparta 

Anson H. P. Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 

Ashe Austin Jones West Jefferson 

Avery Jim Hughes (R) Lin ville 

Beaufort L. H. Ross Washington 

Bertie J. A. Speight Windsor 

Bladen Sidney D. Britt Bladenboro 

Brunswick James C. Bowman Southport 

Buncombe George W. Craig Asheville 

I. C. Crawford Asheville 

John Y. Jordan, Jr Asheville 

Burke Dan R. Simi)son (R) Morgan ton 

Cabarrus E. T. Host, Jr Concord 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 

Caldwell John L. Anderson (R) Whitnel 

Camden S. E. Burgess Belcrosa 

Carteret D. G. Bell Morehead City 

Caswell Edward H. Wilson Blanche 

Catawba John F. Carpenter, Sr. (R) Maiden 

Chatham W. Reid Thompson Pittsboro 

Cherokee Percy B. Ferebee Andrews 

Chowan Albert G. Byrum Eden ton 

Clay Vernon F. Martin Hayesville 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Columbus W. F. Floyd Whiteville 

Craven Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 

Cumberland John T. Henley Hope Mills 

Wilson F. Yarborough, Sr Fayetteville 

Currituck Walton S. Griggs Point Harbor 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Davidson H. Cloyd Philpott Lexington 

Davie B. C. Brock (R) Mocksville 

Duplin Hugh S. Johnson, Jr Rose Hill 

Durham Watts Hill, Jr Durham 

E. K. Powe Durham 

Edgecombe Thomas G. Dill Rocky Mount 

Forsyth F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 

Clarence E. Stone, Jr Belews Creek 

William F. Womble Winston-Salem 

Franklin Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 

Gaston Max L. Childers Mount Holly 

David P. Dellinger Cherry ville 

Gates Allen E. Askew Gatesville 

Graham Leonard W. Lloyd Robbinsville 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Greene Herbert Hardy Maury 

Guilford Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 

Ed Kemp High Point 

Clyde A. Shreve Sumnierfield 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 

Halifax Frank S. Pittman Scotland Neck 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angler 

Haywood Charles B. McCrary Clyde 

Henderson J. T. Randall (R) Hendersonville 

Hertford *J. Roy Parker, Sr Ahoskie 

Hoke Charles A. Hostetler Raeford 

Hyde Dick O'Neal New Holland 

Iredell James E. McKnight Mooresville 

Jackson Marcellus Buchanan Sylva 

♦Died May 8, 1957. Succeeded by C. Gordon Maddrey of Ahoskie. 



House of Representatives 349 

County Name Address 

Johnston Roy C. Coates Smithfield 

C. Blake Thomas Smithfield 

Jones John M. Hargett Trenton 

Lee J. Shelton Wicker Sanford 

Lenoir Thomas J. White Kinston 

Lincoln David Clark Lincolnton 

Macon G. L. Houk Franklin 

Madison A. E. Leake Marshall 

Martin R. Frank Everett Hamilton 

McDowell W. W. Wall Marion 

Mecklenburg Ernest L. Hicks Charlotte 

Jack Love Charlotte 

Frank W. Snepp Charlotte 

James B. Vogler Charlotte 

Mitchell Jeter C. Burleson (R) Bakersville 

Montgomery J. Paul Wallace Troy 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 

Nash Itimous T. Valentine, Jr Nashville 

New Hanover Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conway 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Orange J. W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

Pamlico Ned Delamar Oriental 

Pasquotank F. Webb Williams Elizabeth City 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 

Perquimans Carroll R. Holmes Hertford 

Person B.I. Satterfield Timberlake 

Pitt Walter Jones Farmville 

Frank M. Wooten, Jr Greenville 

Polk J. Thurston Arledge Tryon 

Randolph W. Ed Gavin (R) Asheboro 

Richmond Fred W. Bynum, Jr Rockingham 

Robeson F. Wayland Floyd Fairmont 

W. D. Reynolds Lumberton 

Rockingham Radford G. Powell Reidsville 

Rowan Clyde H. Harriss Salisbury 

Geo. R. Uzzell Salisbury 

Rutherford J. Toll ver Davis Forest City 

Sampson P. R. Vann Clinton 

Scotland Roger C. Kiser Laurinburg 

Stanly A. V. Thomas (R) Oakboro 

Stokes Grace Taylor Rodenbough Walnut Cove 

Surry Joe Fowler, Jr Mt. Airy 

Swain C. R. Crawford Whittier 

Transylvania James C. Gaither Brevard 

Tyrrell Lewis L. Combs Columbia 

Union Henry H. Wilson, Jr Monroe 

Vance A. A. ZoUicoffer, Jr Henderson 

Wake W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh 

Philip R. Whitley Wendell 

W. Brantley Womble Gary 

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warren ton 

Washington Dr. J. M. Phelps Creswell 

Watauga S. C. Eggers (R) Boone 

Wayne Hardy Talton Pikeville 

Wilkes Claude L. Kennedy (R) Wilkesboro 

Wilson Thomas H. Woodard Wilson 

Yadkin H. Smith Williams (R) Yadkinville 

Yancey Harlon Holcombe Bumsville 

Enrolling and Indexing Departments 

Enrolling Clerk L. M. Chaffin Lillington 

Indexer of Laws William Lassiter Raleigh 



350 North Carolina Manual 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1957 
RULES OF THE HOUSE 

Touching the Duties of Speaker 

1. It shall be the duty of the Speaker to have the sessions of the 
House opened with prayer. 

2. He shall take the chair every day at the hour fixed by the 
House on the preceding legislative day, shall immediately call the 
members to order, and, on appearance of a quorum, cause the 
Journal of the preceding day to be approved. 

3. He shall preserve order and decorum, may speak to points 
of order in preference to other members, rising from his seat for 
that purpose, and shall decide questions of order, subject to an 
appeal to the House by any member, on which appeal no member 
shall speak more than once, unless by leave of the House. A 2/3 
vote of the members present shall be necessary to sustain any 
appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

4. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 

5. Questions shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in favor 
(as the question may be) will say 'Aye'," and after the affirmative 
voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say, 'No'." Upon 
a call for a division the Speaker shall count; if required he shall 
appoint tellers. 

6. The Speaker shall have a general direction of the hall. He 
shall have a right to name any member to perform the duties 
of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond one day, 
except in case of sickness or by leave of the House. 

7. All committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, unless 
otherwise specially ordered by the House. 

8. In all elections the Speaker may vote. In all other cases he 
may exercise his right to vote, or he may reserve this right until 
there is a tie; but in no case shall he be allowed to vote twice 
on the same question. 



House of Representatives 351 

9. All acts, addresses, and resolutions, and all warrants and 
subpoenas issued by order of the House shall be signed by the 
Speaker. 

10. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the 
galleries or lobby, the Speaker or other presiding officer shall 
have power to order the same to be cleared. 

11. No person except members and officers and clerks of the 
General Assembly, Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts, 
State officers, former members of the General Assembly who are 
not registered under the provisions of Article 9 of Chapter 120 
01 the General Statutes of North Carolina, and persons particular- 
ly invited by the Speaker shall be admitted within the hall of the 
House: Provided, that no person except members and officers of 
the General Assembly shall be allowed on the floor of the House 
cr in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk, unless permitted 
by the Speaker of the House. 

12. No motion to suspend the rules for the purpose of extending 
the courtesies of the floor, lobby or gallery shall be made during 
the consideration of the Public Calendar, except upon motion of 
the Speaker. 

13. Reporters wishing to take down debates may be admitted 
by the Speaker, who shall assign such places to them on the floor 
or elsewhere, to effect this object, as shall not interfere with the 
convenience of the House. 

14. Smoking shall not be allowed in the hall, lobbies, or the 
galleries while the House is in session: Provided, that smoking 
may be permitted in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk. 

Order of Business of the Day 

15. After the approval of the Journal of the preceding day, 
which shall stand approved without objection, the House shall 
proceed to business in the following order, viz. : 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials, and papers addressed 
to the General Assembly or to the House. 

(2) Reports of standing committees. 

(3) Reports of select committees. 

(4) Resolutions. 



352 North Carolina Manual 

(5) Bills. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 

(7) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages, and other 
papers on the Calendar, in their exact numerical order, unless 
displaced by the orders of the day; but messages, and motions to 
elect officers shall always be in order. 

No member shall rise from his seat to introduce any petition, 
resolution, or bill out of order unless he is permitted so to do by 
a suspension of the rules. 

On Decorum in Debate 

16. When any member is about to speak in debate or deliver 
any matter to the House, he shall rise from his seat and respect- 
fully address the Speaker. 

17. When the Speaker shall call a member to order, the mem- 
ber shall sit down, as also he shall when called to order by an- 
other member, unless the Speaker decides the point of order in 
his favor. By leave of the House a member called to order may 
clear a matter of fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate 
so long as the decision stands but by permission of the House. Any 
member may appeal from the decision of the Chair, and if, upon 
appeal, the decision be in favor of the member called to order, he 
may proceed; if otherwise, he shall not, except by leave of the 
House; and if the case, in the judgment of the House, require it, 
he shall be liable to its censure. 

18. No member shall speak until recognized by the Chair, and 
when two or more members rise at the same time the Speaker 
shall name the member to speak. 

19. No member shall speak more than twice on the main ques- 
tion, nor longer than thirty minutes for the first speech and fifteen 
minutes for the second speech, unless allowed to do so by the 
affirmative vote of a majority of the members present; nor shall 
he speak more than once upon an amendment or motion to commit 
or postpone, and then not longer than ten minutes. But the House 
may, by consent of a majority, suspend the operations of this 
rule during any debate on any particular question before the 
House, or the Committee on Rules may bring in a special rule 
that shall be applicable to the debate on any bill. 



House of Representatives 353 

20. While the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing 
the House, no person shall speak, stand up, walk out of or cross 
the House, nor when a member is speaking, entertain private dis- 
course, stand up, or pass between him and the Chair. 

21. No member shall vote on any question when he was not 
present when the question was put by the Speaker, except by the 
consent of the House. Upon a division and count of the House on 
any question, no member without the bar shall be counted. 

22. Every member who shall be in the hall of the House for the 
above purpose when the question is put shall give his vote upon 
a call of the ayes and noes, unless the House for special reasons 
shall excuse him, and no application to be excused from voting or 
to explain a vote shall be entertained unless made before the call 
of the roll. The hall of the House shall include the lobbies and 
offices connected with the hall. 

23. When a motion is made it shall be stated by the Speaker or, 
if written, it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by the 
Speaker or Clerk before debate. A motion to table or adjourn shall 
be seconded before the motion is put by the Speaker to the vote 
of the House. 

24. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the Speaker 
or any two members request it. 

25. After a motion is stated by the Speaker or read by the 
Clerk, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the House, but may 
be withdrawn before a decision or amendment, except in case of a 
motion to reconsider, which motion, when made by a member, 
shall be deemed and taken to be in possession of the House, and 
shall not be withdrawn without leave of the House. 

26. When a question is under debate no motion shall be received 
but to adjourn, to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to 
postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, which several 
motions shall have precedence in the order in which they stand 
arranged; and no motion to lay on the table, to postpone in- 
definitely, to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, be- 
ing decided, shall be again allowed at the same stage of the bill 
or proposition. 

27. A motion to adjourn or lay on the table shall be decided 
without debate, and a motion to adjourn shall always be in order, 



354 North Carolina Manual 

except when the House is voting or some member is speaking; but 
a motion to adjourn shall not follow a motion to adjourn until 
debate or some other business of the House has intervened. 

28. In case of adjournment without any hour being named, the 
House shall reconvene on the next legislative day at twelve o'clock 
noon. 

29. When a question has been postponed indefinitely, the same 
shall not be acted on again during the session, except upon a 2/3 
vote. 

30. Any member may call for a division of the question, when 
the same shall admit of it, which shall be determined by the 
Speaker. 

31. When a motion has been once made and carried in the af- 
firmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the 
majority to move for the reconsideration thereof, on the same or 
succeeding day, unless it may have subsequently passed the Sen- 
ate, and no motion to reconsider shall be taken from the table 
except by a 2/3 vote. But unless such vote has been taken by a 
call of the ayes and noes, any member may move to reconsider. 

32. When the reading of a paper is called for, which has been 
read in the Houses, and the same is objected to by any member, 
it shall be determined by a vote of the House. 

33. Petitions, memorials, and other papers addressed to the 
House shall be presented by the Speaker; a brief statement of 
the contents thereof may be verbally made by the introducer be- 
fore reference to a committee, but shall not be debated or de- 
cided on the day of their first being read, unless the House shall 
direct otherwise. 

34. When the ayes and noes are called for on any question, it 
shall be on motion before the question is put; and if seconded by 
one fifth of the members present, the question shall be decided by 
the ayes and noes; and in taking the ayes and noes, or on a 
call of the House, the names of the members will be taken alpha- 
betically. 

35. Decency of speech shall be observed and personal reflection 
carefully avoided. 



House of Representatives 355 

36. Any member may arise at any time to speak to a question 
of personal privilege, and upon objection to him proceeding, the 
Speaker shall determine if the question is one of privilege. 

37. Fifteen members, including the Speaker, shall be author- 
ized to compel the attendance of absent members. A quorum shall 
consist of a majority of the qualified members of the House. 

38. No member or officer of the House shall absent himself 
from the service of the House without leave, unless from sickness 
or inability. 

39. Any member may excuse himself from serving on any com- 
mittee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

40. If any member shall be necessarily absent on temporary 
business of the House when a vote is taken upon any question, 
upon entering the House he shall be permitted, on request, to vote, 
provided that the result shall not be thereby affected. 

41. No standing rule or order shall be rescinded or altered 
without one day's notice given on the motion thereof, and to sus- 
tain such motion 2/3 of the House shall be required. 

42. The members of the House shall uncover their heads upon 
entering the House while it is in session, and shall continue so 
uncovered during their continuance in the hall, except Quakers. 

43. A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority 
vote, except a motion to reconsider an indefinite postponement, or 
a motion to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to reconsider, 
which shall require a 2/3 vote. 

44. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any of 
its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 
of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measux'e. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the chair, 
such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
therefrom except by a vote of 2/3 of the elected membership of 
the House: Provided, no local bill shall be held by the Chair as 
embodying the provisions or being identical with any Statewide 
measure which has been laid upon the table, or failed to pass any 
of its readings. No amendment or rider to a bill before the House 
shall be in order unless such rider or amendment is germane to 
the bill under consideration. 



356 North Carolina Manual 

45. A motion to table an amendment sent up from the floor 
shall not be construed as a motion to table the principal bill or 
any other amendment which has been offered thereto, and if such 
motion is carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the table. 

46. When a member desires to interrupt a member having the 
floor he shall first obtain recognition by the Chair and permission 
of the member occupying the floor, and when so recognized and 
such permission is obtained he may propound a question to the 
member occupying the floor, but he shall not propound a series of 
questions or interrogatories or otherwise interrupt the member 
having the floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point of order 
being raised, enforce this rule. 

Standing Committees 

47. At the commencement of the session a standing committee 
shall be appointed by the Speaker on each of the following sub- 
jects, namely: 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Banking. 

On Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry. 

On Commission and Institutions for the Blind. 

On Congressional Districts. 

On Conservation and Development. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities, and Towns. 

On Courts and Judicial Districts. 

On Drainage. 

On Education. 

On Elections and Election Laws. 

On Employment Security. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Expenditures of the House. 

On Federal and Interstate Cooperation. 

On Finance. 

On Health. 

On Higher Education. 



House of Representatives 357 



On Institutions for the Deaf. 

On Insurance. 

On the Journal. 

On Judiciary No. 1. 

On Judiciary No. 2. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Local Government. 

On Manufacturers and Labor. 

On Mental Institutions. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Roads and Highway Safety. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senatorial Districts. 

On State Government. 

On Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement. 

On Veteran's Legislation. 

On Wildlife Resources. 



Joint Committees 



On Enrolled Bills. 

On Library. 

On Printing. 

On Trustees of University. 

The first member announced on each committee shall be chair- 
man, and where the Speaker so desires he may designate one or 
more vice chairmen. In any joint meeting of the Senate and House 
i^ommittees, the House Committee may in its discretion reserve 
the right to vote separately. 

48. Whenever the House shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the Senate to a bill originating in the House, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the Senate for a 
bill originating in the House, a conference committee shall be 



358 North Carolina Manual 

appointed upon motion made, consisting- of the number named in 
the motion ; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go 
to and be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the 
House and Senate. In considering matters in difference between 
the House and Senate committed to the conferees only such mat- 
ters as are in difference between the two houses shall be consid- 
ered by the conferees, and the conference report shall deal only 
with such matters. The conference report shall not be amended. 
Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of Representa- 
tives of Congress shall govern the appointment, conduct, and 
reports of the conferees. 

49. After passage of a motion to form a Committee of the 
whole House, the Speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside in 
committee, and the Speaker shall leave the Chair. A Committee of 
the whole House shall not be formed if there be objection by any 
member except by suspension of the I'ules. 

50. Upon bills submitted to a Committee of the whole House, 
the bill shall be first read throughout by the Clerk, and then 
again read and debated by sections, leaving the preamble to be 
last considered. The body of the bill shall not be defaced or inter- 
lined, but all amendments, noting the page and the line, shall be 
duly entered by the Clerk on a separate paper as the same shall 
be agreed to by the committee, and so reported to the House. After 
report, the bill shall again be subject to be debated and amended 
by sections before a question on its passage be taken. 

51. The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in a 
Committee of the whole House, so far as they may be applicable, 
except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the previous 
question. 

52. In a Committee of the whole House a motion that the com- 
mittee rise shall always be in order, except when a member is 
speaking, and shall be decided without debate. 

53. Every bill shall be introduced in regular order of business 
unless introduced under suspension of the rules, or on the report 
of a committee. Each bill not introduced on the report of a com- 
mittee shall immediately upon its introduction be referred by the 
Speaker to such committee as he deems appropriate. 



House of Representatives 359 

53%. Standing committees and subcommittees of standing com- 
mittees shall be furnished with suitable meeting places. Standing 
committees and subcommittees thereof shall permit other members 
of the General Assembly, the press, and the general public to 
attend all sessions of said committees or subcommittees: Provided, 
however, that the chairman or other presiding officers shall have 
general direction of the meeting place of the committee or sub- 
committee and, in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct 
therein, or if the peace, good order, and proper conduct of the 
legislative business is hindered by any individual or individuals, 
said chairman or presiding officer shall have power to exclude 
from the session any individual or individuals so hindering the 
legislative business or, if necessary, to order the meeting place 
cleared of all persons not members of the committee or subcom- 
mittee. Provided further, that upon the affirmative vote of a ma- 
jority of the members of any standing committee or subcommittee 
executive sessions may be held, but in no event shall final action 
be taken in executive sessions. 

54. All bills and resolutions shall be reported from the com- 
mittee to which referred, with such recommendations as the com- 
mittee may desire to make. 

55. Every bill shall receive three readings in the House previous 
to its passage, and the Speaker shall give notice at each whether 
it be its first, second, or third reading. 

56. Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall bi'iefly 
endorse thereon the substance of the same. 

57. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a commit- 
tee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, 
then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice 
given in the House, on motion supported by a vote of 2/3 of the 
Members present and voting, recall the same from the committee 
to the floor of the House for consideration and such action thereon 
as a majority of the Members present may direct. 

58. The Clerk of the House shall keep a separate calendar of 
the public, local, and private bills, and shall number them in the 
order in which they are introduced, and all bills shall be disposed 
of in the order they stand upon the Calendar; Taut the Committee 
on Rules may at any time arrange the order of precedence in 



360 North Carolina Manual 

which bills may be considered. No bill shall be twice read on the 
same day without the concurrence of 2/3 of the members. 

59. All resolutions which may grant money out of the Treasury, 
or such as shall be of public nature, shall be treated in all respects 
in a similar manner with public bills. 

60. The Clerk of the House shall be deemed to continue in office 
until another is appointed. 

61. On the point of no quorum being raised, the doors shall be 
closed and there shall be a call of the House, and upon a call of 
the House the names of the members shall be called over by the 
Clerk and the absentees noted, after which the name of the absen- 
tees shall again be called over. Those for whom no excuse or suffi- 
cient excuses are made may, by order of those present, if fifteen 
in number, be taken into custody as they appear, or may be sent 
for and taken into custody wherever to be found by special mes- 
senger appointed for that purpose. 

Previous Question 

62. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?" and, until it is decided, shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill, 
resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when amend- 
ments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such amend- 
ments, in inverse order, without further debate or amendment. If 
such question be decided in the negative, the main question shall 
be considered as remaining under debate: Provided, that no one 
shall move the previous question except the member submitting 
the report on the bill or other matter under consideration, and the 
member introducing the bill or other matter under consideration, 
or the member in charge of the measure, who shall be designated 
by the chairman of the committee reporting the same to the House 
at the time the bill or other matter under consideration is reported 
to the House or taken up for consideration. 

When a motion for the previous question is made, and pending 
the second thereto by a majority, debate shall cease; but if any 
member obtains the floor, he may move to lay the matter under 
consideration on the table, or move an adjournment, and when 



House of Representatives 361 

both or either of these motions are pending the question shall 
stand: 

(1) Previous question. 

(2) To adjourn. 

(3) To lay on the table. 

And then upon the main question, or amendments, or the motion 
to postpone indefinitely, postpone to a day certain, to commit, or 
amend, in the order of their precedence, until the main question 
is reached or disposed of; but after the previous question has 
been called by a majority, no motion, or amendment, or debate 
shall be in order. 

All motions below the motions to lay on the table must be made 
prior to a motion for the previous question; but, pending and not 
after the second therefor, by the majority of the House, a motion 
to adjourn or lay on the table, or both, are in order. This consti- 
tutes the precedence of the motions to adjourn and lay on the table 
over other motions, in Rule 25. 

Motions stand as follows in order of precedence in Rule 26: 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit or amend. 

When the previous question is called, all motions below it fall, 
unless made prior to the call, and all motions above it fall after 
its second by a majority required. Pending the second, the motions 
to adjourn and lay on the table are in order, but not after a sec- 
ond. When in order and every motion is before the House, the 
question stands as follows: 

Previous question. 

Adjourn. 

Lay on the table. 

Postpone indefinitely. 

Postpone definitely. 

To commit. 

Amendment to amendment. 

Amendment. 



362 North Carolina Manual 

Substitute. 
Bill. 

The previous question covers all other motions when seconded 
by a majority of the House, and proceeds by regular graduation to 
the main question, without debate, amendment, or motion, until 
such question is reached or disposed of. 

63. All committees, other than the Committee on Appropria- 
tions, when favorably reporting any bill which carries an appro- 
priation from the State, shall indicate same in the report, and 
said bill shall be referred to the Committee on Appropriations for 
a further report before being acted upon by the House. All com- 
mittees, other than the Committee on Finance, when favorably 
reporting any bill which in any way or manner raises revenue or 
levies a tax or authorizes the issue of bonds or notes, whether 
public, public-local, or private, shall indicate same in the report, 
and said bill shall be referred to the Committee on Finance for a 
further report before being acted upon by the House. 

64. The Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may appoint, 
with the approval of the Speaker, such assistants as may be neces- 
sary to the efficient discharge of the duties of their various offices, 
and one or more of whom may be assigned by the Speaker from 
the Principal Clerk's office to the office of the Attorney General 
for the purpose of drafting bills. 

65. The Speaker may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, a Chap- 
lain of the House, and he may also appoint ten pages to wait 
upon the sessions of the House, and when the pressure of business 
may require, he may appoint five additional pages. 

66. The Chairman of each of the following committees: Agri- 
culture, Appropriations, Banks and Banking, Conservation and 
Development, Constitutional Amendments, Corporations; Coun- 
ties, Cities and Towns, Courts and Judicial Districts, Education, 
Elections and Election Laws, Employment Security, Finance, 
Health, Higher Education, Insurance, Judiciary No. 1, Judiciary 
No. 2, Local Government, Manufacturers and Labor, Mental Insti- 
tutions, Military Affairs, Penal Institutions, Propositions and 
Grievances, Public Utilities, Public Welfare, Roads and Highway 
Safety, Rules, Salaries and Fees, Senatorial Districts, State Gov- 
ernment, Veteran's Legislation and Wildlife Resources may each 



House of Representatives 363 

appoint a clerk to the said Committee. The Leader of the minority 
party may be assigned a committee clerk with the approval of 
the Speaker, and whenever he deems advisable he may assign a 
clerk to act for two or more committees. All Committee Clerks 
heretofore provided for are to be appointed by and with the ap- 
proval of the Speaker. With the exception of the Clerks appointed 
to the Appropriations and Finance, the Clerks to all the other 
above named committees, when not on duty with their specific com- 
mittee shall report to and be under the supervision of the Princi- 
pal Clerk of the House for assignment to special duty with other 
committees and to serve the convenience of the members of the 
House. 

67. The Chairman of all committees shall notify, or cause to 
be notified, the first named introducer on such bills as are set for 
hearing before their respective committees, the date, time and 
place of such hearing. 

68. That no clerk, laborer, or other person employed or ap- 
pointed under Rules 64, 65, and 66 hereof shall receive during such 
employment, appointment, or service any compensation from any 
department of the State Government, or from any other source, 
and there shall not be voted, paid or awarded any additional pay, 
bonus or gratuity to any of them, but said persons shall receive 
only the pay for such duties and services as now provided by law. 
When the House is not in session the pages shall be under the 
supervision of the Principal Clerk. 

69. The Chairman and five other members of any committee 
shall constitute a quorum of said committee for the transaction of 
business. 

70. The Committee on the Journal shall examine daily the 
Journal of the House before the hour of convening, and report 
after the opening of the House whether or not the proceedings 
of the previous day have been correctly recorded. 

71. When a bill shall be reported by a committee with a recom- 
mendation that it be not passed, but accompanied by a minority 
report, the question before the House shall be "The adoption of 
the minority report," and if failing to be adopted by a majority 
vote, the bill be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. Such 
minority report shall be signed by at least one-fourth of the mem- 



364 North Carolina Manual 

bers of the Committee who were present and voting when the bill 
was considered in Committee. In the event there is an unfavorable 
report with no minority report accompanying it, the bill shall be 
placed upon the unfavorable calendar. To take a bill from the un- 
favorable calendar, a 2/3 vote shall be necessary. 

72. A bill from the unfavorable calendar shall not be debatable, 
but the movant may make a brief and concise statement of the 
reasons for the motion before making the motion, taking not more 
than five minutes. 

73. Whenever a public bill is introduced seven carbon copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill, and any bill submitted without 
the required number of copies shall be immediately returned to the 
introducer. The Clerk shall stamp the copies with the number 
stamped upon the original bill. Such copies shall be daily delivered 
to the joint committee hereafter provided for. The Clerk shall 
deliver the carbon copies of the bill designated to be printed, as 
hereinafter provided for, to the Public Printer and cause four 
hundred copies thereof to be printed. On the morning following 
the delivery of the printed copies, the Chief Clerk shall cause the 
chief page to have one copy thereof put upon the desk of each 
member and shall retain the other printed copies in his office. A 
sufficient number of the printed copies for the use of the commit- 
tee to which the bill is referred shall be by the chief page delivered 
to the chairman or clerk of that committee. If the bill is passed, 
the remaining copies shall be by the chief page delivered to the 
Principal Clerk of the Senate for the use of the Senate. The cost 
of printing shall be paid from the contingent fund of the House of 
Representatives. The Chairman of the Rules Committee of the 
House and the Chairman of the Rules Committee of the Senate 
shall appoint a subcommittee consisting of two members of the 
House and two members of the Senate from the body of the House 
and Senate, and such chairmen shall notify the Principal Clerk 
of the House and the Senate who has been so appointed. Such 
sub-committee shall meet daily and examine the carbon copies of 
the public bills introduced and determine which of such bills shall 
he printed and which shall not, and stamp the copies accordingly. 
Such sub-committees shall serve for one week unless for good cause 
the chairmen of the respective rules committees shall determine 
otherwise. If the member introducing a public bill, which the 



House of Representatives 365 

committee shall determine should not be printed, so desires, he 
may appear before the committee at the next meeting thereof 
with reference thereto. 

74. Whenever any resolution or bill is introduced a carbon copy 
thereof shall be attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall 
cause said carbon copy to be numbered as the original resolution 
or bill is numbered, and shall cause the same to be available at 
all times to the member introducing the same. In case the resolu- 
tion or bill is a public resolution or bill, an additional carbon copy 
shall also be attached thereto for the use of the Public Printer, un- 
der the provisions of Rule 66. 



ARTICLE II 

Constitution of North Carolina 

Sec. 29. Liynitations upon power of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. 

The General Assembly shall not pass any local, private, or 
special act or resolution relating to the establishment of courts 
inferior to the Superior Court; relating to the appointment of 
justices of the peace; relating to health, sanitation, and the abate- 
ment of nuisances; changing the names of cities, towns, and town- 
ships; authorizing the laying out, opening, altering, maintaining, 
or discontinuing of highways, streets, or alleys; relating to ferries 
or bridges, relating to non-navigable streams, relating to ceme- 
teries; relating to the pay of jurors; erecting new townships, or 
changing township lines or establishing or changing the line of 
school districts; remitting fines, penalties, and forfeitures, or 
refunding moneys legally paid into the Public Treasury; regulating 
labor, trade, mining, or manufacturing; extending the time for the 
assessment or collection of taxes or otherwise relieving any col- 
lector of taxes from the due performance of his official duties or 
his sureties from liability; giving effect to informal wills and 
deeds; nor shall the General Assembly enact any such local, pri- 
vate, or special act by the partial repeal of a general law, but the 



366 North Carolina Manual 

General Assembly may at any time repeal local, private, or special 
laws enacted by it. Any local, private or special act or resolution 
passed in violation of the provisions of this section shall be void. 
The General Assembly shall have power to pass general laws 
regulating matters set out in this section. 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE 
OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Alphabetically Arranged 
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE 

Mr. Murphy, Chairman 

Mr. Fowler, V ice-Chair man 

Mr. Gregory, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Whitehurst, Vice -Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Blue, Bowman, Brinkley, Britt, Brock, Burgess, 
Byrum, Clark, Coates, Delamar, Dill, Floyd of Robeson, Griggs, 
Hardy, Hargett, Hewlett, Jones of Pitt, Kisei-, McCrary, McKnight, 
Parker, Pittman, Reynolds, Rodenbough, Satterfield, Speight, 
Stone, Talton, Taylor, Thomas of Johnston, Valentine, Vann, 
Venters, Watkins, Whitley, Wicker, Wilson of Caswell, Woodard 
of Northampton, Woodard of Wilson, Wooten, Yarborough of 
Franklin. 

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 

Mr. Venters, Chairman 

Mr. Clark, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Hewlett, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Hunt, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Taylor, Vice-Chairmari 

Messrs: Anderson, Bell, Blue, Bowman, Brock, Buchanan, Bur- 
gress, Burleson, Byrum, Carpenter, Childers, Combs, Crawford of 
Buncombe, Delamar, Dill, Eggers, Etheridge, Everett, Falls, Floyd 
of Robeson, Gobble, Gregory, Griggs, Hardy, Henley, Hargett, Har- 
riss of Rowan, Hicks, Hill, Johnson, Jones of Ashe, Kerr, Leake, 
Love, Martin, McCrary, McKnight, Murphy, Parker, Phelps, 



House of Representatives 367 

Quinn, Rodenbough, Ross, Shreve, Speight, Talton, Thomas of 
Johnston, Thomas of Stanly, Thompson, Umstead, Valentine, Vann, 
Whitehurst, Williams of Yadkin, Wilson of Caswell, Womble of 
Wake, Woodard of Northampton, Wooten, Yarborough of Frank- 
lin. 

COMMITTEE ON BANKS AND BANKING 

Mr. Whitley, Chairvian 

Mr. Ferebee, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Hill, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Blue, Buchanan, Burleson, Byrum, Craig, Floyd 
of Robeson, Harriss of Rowan, Hicks, Hunt, Johnson, Jones of 
Pitt, Kerr, Phelps, Philpott, Rodenbough, Ross, Taylor, Thomas of 
Johnston, Thomas of Stanly, Thompson, Turner, Valentine, Vann, 
Venters, Wallace, Watkins, White, Whitehurst, Wicker, Wilson of 
Caswell, Womble of Forsyth, Womble of Wake, Woodard of North- 
ampton, Wooten, Yarborough of Cumberland, Yarborough of 
Franklin, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON 
COMMERCIAL FISHERIES AND OYSTER INDUSTRY 

Mr. Vann, Chairman 

Mr. Bell, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Combs, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Bowman, Burgess, Byrum, Delamar, Etheridge, 
Griggs, Hewlett, Jones of Pitt, Murphy, O'Neal, Parker, Phelps, 
Ross, Speight, Whitehurst, Williams of Pasquotank, Yarborough 
of Cumberland. 

COMMITTEE ON 
COMMISSIONS AND INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND 

Mr. Gobble, Chairman 
Mr. Floyd of Columbus, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Brinkley, Britt, Childers, Combs, Crawford of Swain, 
Davis, Griggs, Harris of Wake, Houk, Kiser, Martin, Powell, 
Rodenbough, Thomas of Johnston, Wilson of Caswell. 



368 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

Mr. Powell, Chairman 
Mr. Coates, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Buchanan, Byrum, Carpenter, Clark, Combs, Floyd of 
Columbus, Harriss of Rowan, Hughes, Jordan, Kemp, Kennedy, 
Long, Parker, Satterfield, Speight, Vogler, Watkins, Williams of 
Pasquotank, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

Mr. Hunt, Chairman 

Mr. Etheridge, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Love, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Yarborough of Franklin, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Bell, Blue, Bost, Bowman, Britt, Burgess, By- 
num, Carpenter, Childers, Coates, Craig, Ferebee, Gaither, Griggs, 
Harris of Wake, Hewlett, Hill, Jones of Ashe, Kemp, Murphy, 
Parker, Phelps, Philpott, Pittman, Randall, Speight, Stone, Tay- 
lor, Thomas, of Stanly, Thompson, Turner, Uzzell, Valentine, Wal- 
lace, White, Whitehurst, Williams of Pasquotank, Williams of 
Yadkin, Wilson of Union, Woodard of Northampton, Woodard of 
Wilson, Wooten, Yarborough of Cumberland. 

COMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS 

Mr. Kerr, Chairman 

Mr. Dill, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bost, Brock, Bynum, Clark, Dellinger, Floyd of Robe- 
son, Gavin, Hewlett, Holmes, Jordan, Long, Powe, Taylor, Turner, 
Uzzell, Womble of Forsyth, Yarborough of Franklin. 

COMMITTEE ON CORPORATIONS 

Mr. Shreve, Chairman 

Mr. Bost, Vice-Chairman 

Mr, Floyd of Robeson, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bowman, Buchanan, Bynum, Gavin, Harris of Wake, 
Holmes, Philpott, Powe, Satterfield, Simpson, Snepp, Taylor, 



House of Representatives 369 

Thompson, Uzzell, Valentine, Venters, Williams of Yadkin, Wom- 
ble of Forsyth, Wooten, Zollicoffer. 



COMMITTEE ON COUNTIES, CITIES AND TOWNS 

Mr. Holmes, Chairman 
Mr. Houk, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Stone, Vice-Chairmxin 

Messrs: Anderson, Arledge, Blue, Bowman, Brinkley, Brock, 
Buchanan, Burleson, Bynum, Carpenter, Davis, Dellinger, Dill, 
Eggers, Etheridge, Floyd of Columbus, Floyd of Robeson, Fowler, 
Gaither, Gregory, Holcombe, Hostetler, Hughes, Jones of Ashe, 
Jones of Pitt, Kennedy, Leake, Lloyd, Phelps, Pittman, Quinn, 
Randall, Reynolds, Ross, Shreve, Thompson, Umstead, Uzzell, Val- 
entine, Wall, Wicker, Williams of Yadkin, Womble of Wake, 
Woodard of Northampton. 



COMMITTEE ON COURTS AND JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Mr. Craig, Chairman 
Mr. Powe, Vice-Chmrnfian 

Messrs: Brock, Buchanan, Childers, Dill, Falls, Floyd of Robe- 
son, Hewlett, Holmes, Hostetler, Lloyd, Long, Ross, Simpson, 
Snepp, Thompson, Valentine, Venters, White, Williams of Yadkin, 
Wilson of Union, Womble of Wake, Zollicoffer. 



COMMITTEE ON DRAINAGE 

Mr. Etheridge, Chairman 

Mr. Askew, Vice-ChavrmMn 

Mr. Burgess, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bell, Bowman, Britt, Byrum, Combs, Delamar, Gregory, 
Hardy, Hargett, Holmes, O'Neal, Phelps, Ross, Speight, Wall, 
Williams of Pasquotank, Woodard of Northampton, Wooten. 



370 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION 

Mr. Yarborough of Franklin, Chairman 

Mr. Hargett, Vice -Chairman 

Mrs. Rodenbough, Vice-Chairnvan 

Mr. Wilson of Caswell, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Askew, Blue, Bowman, Burgess, Burleson, 
Coates, Combs, Crawford of Swain, Bellinger, Dill, Etheridge, 
Gaither, Gavin, Gregory, Griggs, Harriss of Rowan, Hicks, Hol- 
combe. Holmes, Hughes, Johnson, Jones of Ashe, Kiser, Leake, 
Lloyd, McCrary, McKnight, Philpott, Powe, Randall, Satterfield, 
Shreve, Thompson, Turner, Uzzell, Vogler, Wall, Wallace, Wat- 
kins, Womble of Wake, Woodard of Wilson. 



COMMITTEE ON ELECTIONS AND ELECTION LAWS 

Mr. Jordan, Chairman 

Mr. Askew, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Blue, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bowman, Buchanan, Burleson, Clark, Coates, Eggers, 
Ferebee, Gaither, Gobble, Holcombe, Johnson, Jones of Ashe, Kemp, 
Kerr, Leake, Love, McCrary, Philpott, Pittman, Quinn, Roden- 
bough, Taylor, Thomas of Johnston, Wallace, White, Wilson of 
Union, Woodard of Northampton, Wooten. 



COMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT SECURITY 

Mr. White, Chairman 
Mr. Watkins, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Arledge, Brinkley, Carpenter, Crawford of Buncombe, 
Everett, Gaither, Griggs, Holcombe, Johnson, Martin, McCrary, 
Philpott, Powell, Quinn, Reynolds, Stone, Talton, Thomas of John- 
ston, Thomas of Stanly, Vann, Whitehurst, Wilson of Union, Wom- 
ble of Wake, Zollicoffer. 



House of Representatives 371 

COMMITTEE ON ENGROSSED BILLS 

Mr. Askew, Chai)man 
Mr. Wall, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Britt, Burleson, Combs, Fowler, Kemp, Kennedy, Lloyd, 
Parker. 

COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES OF THE HOUSE 

Mr. Speight, Chairman 
Mr. Gregory, Vice-Chairm,an 

Messrs: Dill, Gavin, Hewlett, Ross, Turner. 

COMMITTEE ON 
FEDERAL AND INTERSTATE COOPERATION 

Mr. Wilson of Union, Chairman 
Mr. Houk, V ice-Chairman 

Messrs: Crawford of Swain, Hill, Hughes, Love, Parker, Simp- 
son, White, Wicker, Williams of Pasquotank, Womble of Wake, 
Woodard of Wilson. 

COMMITTEE ON FINANCE 

Mr. Falls, Chairman 

Mr. Jones of Pitt, Vice-Chaii-man 

Mr. Jordan, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Pittman, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Womble of Forsyth, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Arledge, Askew, Bost, Brinkley, Britt, Bynum, Coates, 
Craig, Crawford of Swain, Davis, Dellinger, Ferebee, Floyd of 
Columbus, Fowler, Gaither, Gavin, Harris of Wake, Holcombe, 
Holmes, Hostetler, Houk, Hughes, Kemp, Kennedy, Kiser, Lloyd, 
Long, O'Neal, Philpott, Powe, Powell, Randall, Reynolds, Satter- 
field, Simpson, Snepp, Stone, Turner, Uzzell, Venters, Vogler, 
Wall, Wallace, Watkins, White, Whitley, Wicker, Williams of Pas- 
quotank, Wilson of Union, Woodard of Wilson, Yarborough of 
Cumberland, Zollicoffer. 



372 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON HEALTH 

Mr. Woodard of Northampton, ChMirman 

Mr. Phelps, Vice-Chairtnan 

Mr. Satterfield, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Bell, Blue, Brinkley, Britt, Byrum, Carpen- 
ter, Childers, Coates, Floyd of Columbus, Gaither, Henley, Hill, 
Jones of Ashe, Jones of Pitt, Powell, Randall, Rodenbough, Simp- 
son, Thomas of Johnston, Thompson, Umstead, Wilson of Caswell, 
Woodard of Wilson. 

COMMITTEE ON HIGHER EDUCATION 

Mr. Womble of Forsyth, Chairman 
Mr. Long, Vice-Chai7-man 
Mr. Uzzell, Vice-ChairTYvan 

Messrs: Brock, Buchanan, Craig, Eggers, Ferebee, Harris of 
Wake, Hicks, Hill, Kerr, Murphy, Parker, Snepp, Speight, Stone, 
Taylor, Turner, Umstead, Vann, Whitley, Williams of Pasquotank, 
Williams of Yadkin, Wooten, Yarborough of Cumberland. 

COMMITTEE ON INSTITUTIONS FOR THE DEAF 

Mr. Fowler, Chairtnan 
Mr. Wilson of Caswell, Vice-Cha/irman 

Messrs: Brinkley, Britt, Crawford of Buncombe, Crawford of 
Swain, Falls, Gobble, Houk, Randall, Reynolds, Simpson, Speight, 
Thomas of Stanly, Valentine, Wall, Watkins, Wilson of Union. 

COMMITTEE ON INSURANCE 

Mr. Gregory, Chairman 

Mr. Blue, Vice-Chairmun 

Mr. Everett, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bell, Byrum, Davis, Dellinger, Floyd of Columbus, Fow- 
ler, Harriss of Rowan, Harris of Wake, Henley, Hill, Holcombe, 
Hostetler, Hunt, Johnson, Jones of Pitt, McKnight, Murphy, 



House of Representatives 373 

Phelps, Philpott, Pittman, Powe, Powell, Quinn, Thompson, Um- 
stead, Valentine, Vann, Whitley, Womble of Forsyth, Woodard of 
Wilson, Yarborough of Franklin. 

COMMITTEE ON JOURNAL 

Mr. Stone, Chairman 
Mr. Wall, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Brinkley, Carpenter, Crawford of Swain, Hargett, 
Henley, Whitley, Williams of Pasquotank. 

COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY NO. 1 

Mr. Bost, Chairman 

Mr. Valentine, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Wilson of Union, Vice-Chairmun 

Messrs : Brock, Bynum, Childers, Craig, Bellinger, Floyd of 
Robeson, Harris of Wake, Houk, Jordan, Leake, Long, Ross, 
Shreve, Simpson, Taylor, Venters, White, Williams of Yadkin, 
Womble of Forsyth, Womble of Wake. 

COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY NO. 2 

Mr. Hewlett, Chairman 

Mr. Thompson, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Uzzell, V ice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bowman, Buchanan, Clark, Crawford of Buncombe, 
Davis, Dill, Falls, Gavin, Holmes, Hostetler, Kerr, Lloyd, Powe, 
Satterfield, Snepp, Turner, Wooten, Yarborough of Franklin, 
Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON JUSTICES OF THE PEACE 

Mr. Wicker, Chairman 
Mr. Watkins, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Britt, Carpenter, Craig, Crawford of Swain, Everett, 
Hughes, Shreve, Wall, White. 



374 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

Mr. Turner, Chairman 

Mr. Bell, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Davis, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Arledge, Blue, Britt, Bynum, Childers, Craw- 
ford of Buncombe, Delamar, Harg-ett, Harriss of Rowan, Hill, 
Johnson, Jordan, Kennedy, Martin, Powell, Speight, Thomas of 
Stanly, Vogler, Wooten, ZoUicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON MANUFACTURERS AND LABOR 

Mr. Wallace, Chairman 
Mr. Powell, V ice-Chairman 
Mr. Quinn, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Arledge, Brock, Burleson, Davis, Dill, Falls, 
Ferebee, Fowler, Gobble, Gregory, Hicks, Holmes, Johnson, Jones 
of Ashe, Kemp, Kennedy, Kerr, McCrary, McKnight, O'Neal, 
Phelps, Philpott, Pittman, Vann, Womble of Wake, Woodard of 
Northampton, Yarborough of Cumberland. 

COMMITTEE ON MENTAL INSTITUTIONS 

Mr. Umstead, Chairman 

Mr. Gobble, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Yarborough of Cumberland, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Bell, Blue, Burleson, Coates, Craig, Davis, 
Delamar, Dill, Everett, Ferebee, Floyd of Robeson, Gaither, Greg- 
ory, Hill, Holmes, Houk, Kemp, Long, Love, McKnight, Murphy, 
Parker, Phelps, Powell, Rodenbough, Satterfield, Simpson, Talton, 
Wall, Wallace, Watkins, White, Wilson of Caswell, Womble of 
Wake, Woodard of Wilson, ZoUicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS 

Mr. Floyd of Columbus, Chairman 
Mr. Powe, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Arledge, Bell, Delamar, Everett, Fowler, Gavin, Hill, 
Quinn, Turner, Valentine, Whitley, Wilson of Caswell, Yarborough 
of Franklin. ..... ,^ . ■ 



House of Representatives 375 

COMMITTEE ON PENAL INSTITUTIONS 

Mr. Blue, Chairman 

Mr. Vogler, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Wallace, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bowman, Brock, Burleson, Childers, Craig-, Crawford 

of Swain, Eggers, Etheridge, Gaither, Gregory, Hargett, Harriss 

of Rowan, Hicks, Holcombe, Hostetler, Kemp, Kerr, McKnight, 

Powe, Speight, Talton, Turner, Wall, Watkins, Wooten. 

COMMITTEE ON PROPOSITIONS AND GRIEVANCES 

Mr. Quinn, Chairman 
Mr. Buchanan, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bowman, Brock, Burgess, Burleson, Bynum, Craig, 
Gaither, Gobble, Gregory, Griggs, Harriss of Rowan, Henley, 
Phelps, Pittman, Snepp, Umstead, White, Womble of Wake, Wood- 
ard of Wilson. 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

Mr. Vogler, Chairman 
Mr. Whitley, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Henley, Hill, Hostetler, Kerr, Kiser, Talton, Umstead, 
Wicker, Yarborough of Cumberland, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC UTILITIES 

Mr. Long, Chairman 

Mr. Harriss of Rowan, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Hicks, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Arledge, Bell, Blue, Bost, Buchanan, Burle- 
son, Bynum, Clark, Davis, Etheridge, Ferebee, Gaither, Gavin, 
Gobble, Griggs, Harris of Wake, Hunt, Jones of Pitt, O'Neal, 
Philpott, Randall, Snepp, Speight, Taylor, Thompson, Wallace, 
Watkins, White, Williams of Yadkin, Womble of Wake, Woodard 
of Wilson, Yarborough of Cumberland, Yarborough of Franklin, 
Zollicoffer. 



14 



376 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WELFARE 

Mr. Kiser, Chairman 

Mr. Shreve, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Vann, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Arledge, Blue, Britt, Brock, Buchanan, Bur- 
gess, Byrum, Crawford of Buncombe, Dill, Eggers, Everett, Fow- 
ler, Henley, Holcombe, Kennedy, Leake, Love, McKnight, Parker, 
Pittman, Powell, Reynolds, Rodenbough, Speight, Talton, Vogler, 
Williams of Yadkin, Woodard of Wilson, Yarborough of Cumber- 
land. 



COMMITTEE ON ROADS AND HIGHWAY SAFETY 

Mr. Philpott, Chairman 

Mr. Holmes, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. White, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs : Bell, Bost, Bowman, Burgess, Bynum, Byrum, Coates, 
Craig, Davis, Eggers, Falls, Ferebee, Floyd of Columbus, Floyd of 
Robeson, Gaither, Gavin, Harriss of Rowan, Harris of Wake, Hill, 
Leake, Long, Love, Murphy, O'Neal, Pittman, Powell, Ross, Simp- 
son, Taylor, Thomas of Johnston, Thompson, Turner, Uzzell, Wal- 
lace, Watkins, Whitehurst, Wicker, Williams of Pasquotank, Wil- 
liams of Yadkin, Wilson of Union, Womble of Forsyth, Woodard 
of Northampton, Woodard of Wilson, Yarborough of Cumberland, 
Yarborough of Franklin, Zollicoffer. 



COMMITTEE ON SALARIES AND FEES 

Mr. Thomas of Johnston, Chairrnan 
Mr. Watkins, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Bowman, Brinkley, Everett, Floyd of Colum- 
bus, Gregory, Harriss of Rowan, Holcombe, Johnson, Jones of Pitt, 
Jordan, Kennedy, Martin, Phelps, Snepp, Wallace, Wicker. 



House of Representatives 377 

COMMITTEE ON SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

Mr. Floyd of Robeson, Chairman 
Mr. Thompson, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Askew, Blue, Byrum, Craig, Ferebee, Gobble, Gregory, 
Hargett, Harriss of Rowan, Henley, Hicks, Holmes, Johnson, 
Leake, Martin, Pittman, Powe, Powell, Quinn, Shreve, White- 
hurst, Whitley, Wicker, Wilson of Union, Wooten, Yarborough of 
Cumberland, Yarborough of Franklin. 

COMMITTEE ON STATE GOVERNMENT 

Mr. Clark, Chairman 

Mr. Kerr, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Philpott, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Bost, Brock, Bynum, Craig, Davis, Falls, Ferebee, 
Gavin, Hewlett, Hicks, Hill, Holmes, Jones of Pitt, Kiser, Long, 
Murphy, Pittman, Powell, Taylor, Thompson, Turner, Umstead, 
Uzzell, Vann, Venters, Wallace, Whitley, Womble of Forsyth, 
Woodard of Northampton, Yarborough of Franklin. 

COMMITTEE ON 
TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT 

Mr. Womble of Wake, Chairman 
Mr. Ross, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Britt, Brock, Burgess, Burleson, Bynum, Carpenter, 
Coates, Eggers, Hardy, Hicks, Kemp, Kiser, Lloyd, Martin, Parker, 
Powe, Reynolds, Rodenbough, Stone, Thomas of Johnston, Wall, 
Wilson of Caswell, Yarborough of Cumberland. 

COMMITTEE ON VETERAN'S LEGISLATION 

Mr. Whitehurst, Chairman 
Mr. Coates, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Brinkley, Carpenter, Childers, Dill, Hewlett, 
Hughes, Kennedy, Lloyd, Martin, Satterfield, Stone, Thompson, 
Wicker, Williams of Yadkin, Zollicoffer. 



378 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON WILDLIFE RESOURCES 

Mr. Hargett, Chairman 

Mr. Buchanan, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Wicker, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Anderson, Arledge, Blue, Britt, Burgess, Carpenter, 
Coates, Combs, Craig, Davis, Everett, Floyd of Columbus, Floyd 
of Robeson, Fov^^ler, Gaither, Gregory, Griggs, Henley, Houk, 
Johnson, Jones of Ashe, Lloyd, Martin, O'Neal, Satterfield, 
Speight, Stone, Turner, Wall, White, Williams of Yadkin, Wood- 
ard of Northampton, Yarborough of Franklin. 

COMMITTEE ON ENROLLED BILLS (Joint) 

Mr. Dellinger, Chairm,an 
Mr. Satterfield, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Crawford of Buncombe, Hardy, Hughes, Martin, Mc- 
Crary, Reynolds, Wicker. 

COMMITTEE ON LIBRARY (Joint) 

Mr. Rodenbough, Chairman 
Mr. Hargett, Vice-ChairTnan 

Messrs: Anderson, Burgess, Carpenter, Dill, Eggers, Gobble, 
Hardy, Kiser, Long, O'Neal, Parker, Reynolds, Ross, Satterfield, 
Speight, Stone, Williams of Pasquotank, Wilson of Caswell. 

COMMITTEE ON PRINTING (Joint) 

Mr. Satterfield, Chairrnari 
Mr. Everett, Vice-Chairm.an 

Messrs: Blue, Henley, Holcombe, McKnight, Parker, Thomas of 
Johnston. 



House of Representatives 379 

COMMITTEE ON TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY (Joint) 

Mr. Coates, Chairman 

Mrs. Rodenbough, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Taylor, Vice-Chairman 

Messrs: Blue, Brock, Buchanan, Burleson, Childers, Clark, Dill, 
Floyd of Columbus, Floyd of Robeson, Gregory, Hardy, Hargett, 
Harris of Wake, Henley, Hill, Jordan, Kiser, McKnight, Murphy, 
Pittman, Ross, Shreve, Simpson, Stone, Thompson, Umstead, Val- 
entine, Venters, Vogler, Wall, White, Whitehurst, Whitley, 
Wicker, Williams of Yadkin, Wilson of Caswell, Woodard of North- 
ampton, Woodard of Wilson, Zollicoffer. 



380 North Carolina Manual 

SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1957 

NORTH CAROLINA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

County Name Address Seat 

Alamance George A. Long Burlington 66 

Alexander Harold Brinkley (R) Taylorsville 107 

Alleghany J. K. Doughton Sparta Speaker 

Anson H. P. Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 51 

Ashe Austin Jones West Jefferson 82 

Avery Jim Hughes (R) Linville 108 

Beaufort L. H. Ross Washington lib 

Bertie J. A. Speight Windsor 55 

Bladen Sidney D. Britt Bladen boro 81 

Brunswick James C. Bowman Southport 115 

Buncombe George W. Craig Asheville 40 

I. C. Crawford Asheville 39 

John Y. Jordan, Jr Asheville 41 

Burke Dan R. Simpson (R) Morgan ton 73 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 26 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 27 

Caldwell John L. Anderson (R) Whitnel 104 

Camden S. E. Burgess Belcross 114 

Carteret D. G. Bell Morehead City 93 

Caswell Ed ward H. Wilson Blanche 117 

Catawba John F. Carpenter, Sr. (R) Maiden 74 

Chatham W. Reid Thompson Pittsboro 96 

Cherokee Percy B. Ferebee Andrews 52 

Chowan Albert G. Byrum Edenton 79 

Clay Vernon F. Martin Havesville 95 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 1 

Columbus W. F. Flovd Whiteville 53 

Craven Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 37 

Cumberland John T. Henley Hope Mills 99 

Wilson F. Yarborough, Sr Fayetteville 98 

Currituck Walton S. Griggs Point Harbor 75 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 25 

Davidson H. Clovd Philpott Lexington 6 

Davie B. C. Brock (R) Mocksville 106 

Duplin Hugh S. Johnson, Jr Rose Hill 83 

Durham Watts Hill, Jr. Durham 86 

E. K. Powe Durham 85 

Edgecombe Thomas G. Dill Rocky Mount 36 

Forsyth F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 69 

Clarence E. Stone, Jr Belews Creek 71 

William F. Womble Winston-Salem 70 

Franklin Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 28 

Gaston Max L. Childers Mount Holly 34 

David P. Dellinger Cherry ville 33 

Gates Allen E. Askew Gatesville 47 

Graham Leonard W. Lloyd Robbinsville 119 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 45 

Greene Herbert Hardy Maury 64 

Guilford Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 31 

Ed Kemp High Point : 30 

Clyde A. Shreve Summerfield 32 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 29 

Halifax Frank S. Pittman Scotland Neck 9 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angier 4 

Haywood Charles B. McCrary Clyde 38 

Henderson J. T. Randall (R) Henderson ville 109 

Hertford *J. Roy Parker, Sr. Ahoskie 62 

Hoke Charles A. Hostetler Raeford 61 

*Died Mayl^S, 1957. Succeededjby C.^GordonlMaddrey of Ahoskie. 




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382 North Carolina Manual 



County Name Address Seat 

Hyde Dick O'Neal New Holland 105 

Iredell James E. McKnight Mooresville 43 

Jackson Marcellus Buchanan Sylva 118 

Johnston Rov C. Coates Smithfield 20 

C. Blake Thomas Smithfield 3 

Jones John M. Hars;ett Trenton 91 

Lee J. Shelton Wicker Sanford 84 

Lenoir Thomas J. White Kinston 5 

Lincoln David Clark Lincolnton 15 

Macon G. L. Houk Franklin 88 

Madison A. E. Leake Marshall 57 

Martin R. Frank Everett Hamilton ,59 

McDowell W. W. Wall Marion 94 

Mecklenburg Ernest L. Hicks Charlotte 22 

Jack Love Charlotte 24 

Frank W. Snepp Charlotte 23 

James B. Vogler Charlotte 21 

Mitchell Jeter C. Burleson (R) Bakersville 110 

Montgomery J. Paul Wallace Troy 46 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 16 

Nash Itimous T. Valentine, Jr Nashville 68 

New Hanover Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 54 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conway 58 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 7 

Orange J. W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 97 

Pamlico Ned Delamar Oriental 50 

Pasquotank F. Webb Williams Elizabeth City 60 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 17 

Perquimans Carroll R. Holines Hertford 8 

Person B. L Satterfield Timberlake 19 

Pitt Walter Jones Farmville 63 

Frank M. Wooten, Jr Greenville 65 

Polk J. Thurston Arledge Tryon Ill 

Randolph W. Ed Gavin (R) Asheboro 103 

Richmond Fred W. Bynum, Jr Rockingham 89 

Robeson F. Wayland Floyd Fairmont 48 

W. D. Reynolds Lumberton 49 

Rockingham Radford G. Powell Reidsville 44 

Rowan Clyde H. Harriss Salisburv 14 

Geo. R. Uzzell SalisburV 13 

Rutherford J. Toliver Davis Forest City 76 

Sampson P. R. Vann Clinton 18 

Scotland Roger C. Kiser Laurinburg 2 

Stanly A. V. Thomas ( R) Oakboro 72 

Stokes Grace Taylor Rodenbough Walnut Cove 42 

Surry Joe Fowler, Jr Mt. Airy 90 

Swain C. R. Crawford Whittier 80 

Transvl vania James C. Gaither Brevard 56 

Tyrrell Lewis L. Combs Columbia 78 

Union Henry H. Wilson, Jr Monroe 77 

Vance A. A. ZoUicoffer, Jr Henderson 35 

Wake W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh 11 

Philip R. Whitlev Wendell 12 

W. Brantley Womble Gary 10 

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warren ton 112 

Washington Dr. J. M. Phelps Creswell 116 

Watauga S. C. Eggers (R) Boone 101 

Wayne Hardv Talton Pikeville 92 

Wilkes Claude L. Kennedv (R) Wilkesboro 100 

Wilson Thomas H. Woodard Wilson 87 

Yadkin H. Smith WilJiams (R) Yadkinville 102 

Yancey Harlon Holcombe Burnsville 67 



PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



\ 




Luther Hartwell Hodges 
Governor 



Biographical Sketches 

EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS 

LUTHER HARTWELL HODGES 

GOVERNOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Luther Hartwell Hodges, Democrat, was born in Pittsylvania 
County, Virginia (only eight miles from his present home in 
Leaksville, North Carolina), March 9, 1898. Son of John James 
and Lovicia (Gammon) Hodges. Attended public schools in 
Leaksville and Spi'ay; graduated from Leaksville High School in 
1915; University of North Carolina, A. B. degree, 1919; awarded 
honorary LL.D. degree by University of North Carolina in 1946. 
Worked as office boy in local textile plant, 1910-1911, and as mill 
hand during summers; after graduation in 1919 became Secre- 
tary to General Manager of local mills; in 1938 was appointed 
General Manager of all mills of Marshall Field and Company and 
became Vice President of this corporation in 1943; retired in 
1950. Spent over a year in West Germany as head of the In- 
dustry Division of the Economic Cooperation Administration; 
consultant to State Department in the latter months of 1951 on 
the International Management Conference; head of the Textile 
Division of the OPA in 1944 and consultant to the Secretary of 
Agriculture in 1945. Active in community, state and national 
affairs throughout career; organized one of the first vocational 
schools in the State; taught for ten years in night school. For- 
merly active in Boy Scout work. Member Masonic Order; former 
Commander of local American Legion Post; organized and be- 
came first Secretary of the Leaksville-Spray Rotary Club; for- 
mer Governor of North Carolina Rotary Clubs; Past President 
New York City Rotary Club; International Director Rotary, 1953- 
1954; former world-wide campaign chairman of the American 
Leprosy Society; former State Chairman for the North Carolina 

385 



386 North Carolina Manual 

Society for Crippled Children Campaign, the State Cancer Cam- 
paigrn and the State United Fund Campaigrn ; member of the 
Y.M.C.A. since 1910; former member of the Board of Southern 
Y.M.C.A. Industrial Conference, Silver Bay Conference and 
Metropolitan Y.M.C.A. of New York City. Served as a member 
of the State Board for Vocational Education under Governor 
0. Max Gardner and of the State Highway and Public Works 
Commission under Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus. Has been 
active in the Democratic Party at precinct and congressional 
district levels. Elected Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina 
in November, 1952 and succeeded to Governorship November 7, 
1954 upon the death of Governor William B. Umstead. Nomi- 
nated as Democratic candidate for Governor on May 26, 1956; 
elected Governor of North Carolina on November 6, 1956; inaugu- 
rated on February 7, 1957. Methodist; former Lay Leader and 
Steward of Leaksville Methodist Church. Married Martha 
Blakeney of Union County in 1922. Two daughters, Betsy (Mrs. 
D. M. Bernard, Jr.) of Anacortes, Washington, and Nancy (Mrs. 
John C. Finley) of Karachi, West Pakistan; one son, Luther, Jr., 
a senior at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Six 
grandchildren. Address: Leaksville, N. C. 

THAD EURE 

SECRETARY OF STATE 

(Elected by the People) 

Thad Eure, Democrat, of Hertford County, was born November 
15, 1899, in Gates County, N. C. Son of Tazewell A. and Armecia 
(Langstun) Eure. Attended Gatesville High School, 1913-1917; 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1919; University Law School, 
1921-1922. Lawyer. Mayor of Winton, 1923-1928. County attor- 
ney for Hertford County, 1923-1931. Member of General Assem- 
bly of 1929, representing Hertford County. Principal Clerk of 
the House of Representatives, Sessions of 1931, 1933, 1935, and 
Extra Session, 1936. Presidential Elector First District of North 
Carolina, 1932. Escheats Agent, University of North Carolina, 
1933-1936. Elected Secretary of State in the General Election 
of November 3, 1936, and assumed duties of the office December 
21, 1936, by virtue of executive appointment, ten days prior to the 
commencement of Constitutional term, on account of a vacancy 



Biographical Sketches 387 

that then occurred. Re-elected Secretary of State in General 
Elections of 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952 and 1956. President, Ahoskie 
Kiwanis Club, 1927. Theta Chi Fraternity; Junior Order; B.P O, 
Elks; President, N. C. Elks Association, 1946; T. P. A.; Chair- 
man Board of Trustees, Elon College; American Legion, Forty 
and Eight; President, National Association of Secretaries of 
State, 1942. Keynote speaker. Democratic State Convention, 
1950. Congregational Christian Church. Married Minta Banks 
of Winton, N. C, November 15, 1924. Of this union there are 
two children, a daughter and a son, Mrs. J. Norman Black, Jr. 
and Thad Eure, Jr. Legal residence, Winton, Hertford County, 
N. C. Official address: State Capitol, Raleigh. 

HENRY LEE BRIDGES 

STATE AUDITOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Henry Lee Bridges, Democrat, was born in Franklin County, 
N. C, June 10, 1907. Son of John Joseph and Ida Loraine (Carroll) 
Bridges. Attended Wakelon High School, 1914-1920; Wiley School, 
Raleigh, 1921; Wakelon High School, 1922; Millbrook High School, 
1923-1925; Mars Hill Junior College, A.B. degree, 1929; Wake 
Forest College, B.A. degree, 1931; Wake Forest Law School, 1932- 
1933. Attorney-at-Law. Member of the Greensboro Bar Associa- 
tion; N. C. State Bar. Deputy Clerk, Superior Court of Guilford 
County, August, 1935-September, 1940; December, 1941-October, 
1942; December, 1945-June 1, 1946. (Break in dates caused by 
Military Service). Secretary and Treasurer, Guilford County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1933-1940. Member and Past 
Master of Greensboro Lodge No. 76 Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons. Choraz in Chapter No. 13 Royal Arch Masons; Ivanhoe 
Commandery No. 8 Knights Templar; Sudan Temple A. A. O.N. M.S.; 
Societas Rosecrucians in Civitatibus Foederatis. Enlisted in Na- 
tional Guard May, 1934, as a Private; promoted to Sergeant, Feb- 
ruary, 1935; commissioned Second Lieutenant, June 18, 1935; com- 
missioned First Lieutenant, November 18, 1939; promoted to Cap- 
tain, January 28, 1943; to Major on inactive status, January 17, 
1947. Entered Federal Service, September 16, 1940; released from 
active duty November 2, 1941 ; recalled to active duty October 7, 
1942; relieved from active duty December 14, 1945. Veteran World 
War II, Post No. 53 American Legion Local; Local No. 506 Forty 



388 North Carolina Manual 

and Eight. Deacon, Hayes Barton Baptist Church; Member Board 
of Trustees Wake Forest College. Appointed State Auditor Feb- 
ruary 15, 1947; elected four-year term 1948; re-elected 1952 and 
1956. Married Clarice Hines, December 12, 1936. Two children: 
Joseph Henry, age fourteen years; George Hines, age eleven 
years. Home address: 2618 Grant Ave., Raleigh, N. C. 

EDWIN MAURICE GILL 

STATE TREASURER 

(Elected by the People) 
Edwin Maurice Gill, Democrat, was born in Laurinburg, N. C, 
July 20, 1899. Son of Thomas Jeffries and Mamie (North) Gill. 
Graduate of Laurinburg High School; Trinity College, 1922-1924. 
Representative in the General Assembly from Scotland County, 
1929 and 1931. Private Secretary, Governor Gardner, 1931-1933; 
Commissioner of Paroles, 1933-1942; appointed Commissioner of 
Revenue by Governor Broughton, serving from July 1, 1942 to 
July 1, 1949. Admitted to the Bar, January 28, 1924, and prac- 
ticed law in Laurinburg, 1924-1931 as a member of the firm of 
Gibson and Gill, and practiced law in Washington, D. C, 1949- 
1950 as a member of the firm of Gardner, Morrison & Rogers. 
Member of North Carolina Bar Association and the Bar of the 
District of Columbia. Collector and Director of Internal Reve- 
nue, Greensboro, N. C, 1950-1953. Appointed by Governor Um- 
stead Treasurer of North Carolina, July 20, 1953, and elected to 
this office November 2, 1954. Re-elected for four year term, No- 
vember 6, 1956. Ex-officio: Chairman of State Banking Commis- 
sion; Chairman of Local Government Commission; Director of 
Local Government; Chairman of Tax Review Board; Chairman 
and Investment Officer of Board of Trustees of Teachers' & State 
Employees' Retirement System; member of Board of Commission- 
ers of the Law Enforcement Officers' Benefit and Retirement 
Fund; member and Investment Officer for Board of Trustees of 
Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System; member of 
State Board of Education ; member of State Board of Assess- 
ment; member of the Sinking Fund Commission. President 
American Parole Association, 1940-1941 ; President Southeastern 
State Probation and Parole Association, 1939-1940; Director 
American Prison Association, 1939-1940. Elected member of 
Executive Committee of the National Tax Association in 1944 



Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 

( Henry L. Bridges 
State Auditor 

Edwin Gill 

State Treasurer 



Charles F. Carroll 

Superintendent of Public 
Instruction 

Geo. B. Patten 

Attorney General 

L. Y. Ballentine 

Commissioner of 
Agriculture 



'Frank Crane 

Commissioner of Labor 

Charles F. Gold 

Commissioner of Insurance 




390 North Carolina Manual 

for three year term. Elected member of Executive Committee of 
National Association of Tax Administrators in 1946 for two-year 
tejm. Former member of N. C. Probation Commission. Member 
of State Art Commission since Aug-ust 1, 1951. Member of the 
American Legion. Sigma Nu Phi, Legal Fraternity; Omicron 
Delta Kappa, Leadership Fraternity, honorary member, Duke 
University, 1940. Methodist. Address: Raleig:h, N. C. 

CHARLES FISHER CARROLL 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

(Elected by the People) 

Charles Fisher Carroll, Democrat, was born in Warsaw, 
North Carolina, March 31, 1900. Son of Charles Fisher and 
Agnes (Robinson) Carroll. Attended public schools of Warsaw, 
1906-1915; Trinity Park School, 1915-1917; A.B., Trinity College, 
1921; M.Ed., Duke University, 1930, LL.D. (honorary) 1954; 
LL.D. (honorary). High Point College, 1952. Teacher and coach 
of athletics Vance County Farm Life School, Middleburg-, N. C, 
1921-1922. Principal Buena Vista High School, R.F.D., Hender- 
son, N. C, 1922-1923; Newport Consolidated School, Newport, 
N, C, 1923-1924 and 1925-1929; Long Creek-Grady School, Pender 
County, 1924-1925; Bryson City Elementary and Swain County 
High Schools, Bryson City, N. C, 1929-1932. Superintendent 
Swain County Schools and Supervising Principal of Bryson City 
Elementary and Swain County High Schools, 1932-1937. Super- 
intendent High Point City Schools, High Point, N. C, 1937 to 
August, 1952. State Superintendent of Public Instruction for 
North Carolina since August, 1952. Member North Carolina 
Education Association, National Education Association, American 
Association of School Administrators. Member N. C. High School 
Textbook Committee, 1936-1943; member N. C. Committee on 
Secondary Schools, Southern Association of Colleges and Sec- 
ondary Schools, 1945-1950; member N. C. Education Commission, 
1947-49; former member Policies Committee of Superintendents' 
Division of North Carolina Education Association. Director, 
Council of Chief State School Officers. Member, Ex-Officio, Board 
of Trustees of Greater University, East Carolina College, North 
Carolina College, Agricultural and Technical College; member 
of Board, Ex-Officio, of N. C. State Art Society, Library Commis- 



Biographical Sketches 391 

sion of N. C, Local Government Employees' Retirement System, 
Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System, N. C. Recre- 
ation Commission, The N. C. Symphony Society, Inc.; N. C. Com- 
mission on Interstate Cooperation ; Executive and Development 
Committee, and Advisory Council on Education for Exceptional 
Children of Southern Regional Education Board; President Asso- 
ciated Public School System, 1951-1952. Former State Director 
of Rural Education of the Department of Rural Education of 
the National Education Association. Honorary member and 
past president of Rotary Club of High Point. Former member 
High Point Housing Authority, Parks and Recreation Commis- 
sion, Library Board, and former chairman of Budget Committee 
of High Point Community Chest. Mason. Phi Beta Kappa. 
Member Beta Omega Sigma, Kappa Delta Pi, and Omicron Delta 
Kappa Fraternities. Student Army Training Corp3, 1918. Past 
Commander, Sergeant Freeman Post, American Legion. Coordi- 
nator of Civilian Defense, High Point, 1943-1945. Methodist; 
former Chairman of Board of Stewards in Bryson City Methodist 
Church and Wesley Memorial Church in High Point. Married 
Nellie Jane Wynne of Wilmington, N. C. One son, Charles, Jr. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

LYNTON YATES BALLENTINE 

COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE 

(Elected by the People) 

Lynton Yates Ballentine, Democrat, was born at Varina, Wake 
County, N. C, April 6, 1899. Son of James Erastus and Lillian 
(Yates) Ballentine. Attended Oakwood and Cardenas Elementary 
Schools and Holly Springs High School, 1913-1917. Graduated 
from Wake Forest College in 1921 with an A.B. degree, having 
specialized in political economy. Dairyman, farmer, and business- 
man. Member Wake County Board of Commissioners, 1926-1934. 
State Senator from the Thirteenth Senatorial District, 1937, 1939, 
1941, and 1943. Member Board of Agriculture, 1941-1944. Elected 
Lieutenant Governor November 7, 1944. Elected Chairman State 
Board of Education, 1945. Elected Commissioner of Agriculture, 
November 2, 1948; re-elected November 4, 1952 and November 6, 
1956. A charter member of the Fuquay Springs Post of the 
American Legion. Baptist. Address: Varina, N. C. 



392 North Carolina Manual 

FRANK CRANE 

COMMISSIONER OF LABOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Frank Crane, Democrat, was born at Waxhaw, N. C, August 
18, 1907. Son of James Thomas and Mary Emma (Lathan) 
Crane. Attended Marvin Elementary School, 1913-1918; Wed- 
dington Institute, 1919-1922; Prospect High School, 1923-1927; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 1931; University of North 
Carolina Summer School of 1931, 1932, 1933 and 1934; night 
course in Personnel Management, North Carolina State College, 
1939. Athletic Director and Instructor, Welcome High School 
in Davidson County, 1931, 1934. Safety Director, North Caro- 
lina Industrial Commission, 1934-1938; Administrative Assist- 
ant, North Carolina Employment Service, 1938-1939; Factory 
and Wage and Hour Inspector, North Carolina Department of 
Labor, 1939-1940; Director of Conciliation and Arbitration Di- 
vision, 1941-1954. Appointed Commissioner of Labor by Gover- 
nor William B. Umstead for the unexpired term of the late For- 
rest H. Shuford, June 3, 1954; elected to the office of Commis- 
sioner of Labor in the General Election of November 2, 1954; re- 
elected for four year term November 6, 1956. Ex-officio mem- 
ber N. C. Employ The Physically Handicapped Commission; mem- 
ber Governor's Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee; Governor's 
Committee on Studying Problems of Aging. Member Interna- 
tional Association of Governmental Labor Officials; Association 
of State Mediation Agencies; Society for the Advancement of 
Management; American and State Forestry Associations. At- 
tended tvv^enty annual meetings of Southern Industrial Relations 
Conference. Member Carolina Bird Club; Raleigh Torch Club; 
Executives Club of Raleigh. Methodist. Married Edith Peacock, 
January 1, 1938. Address: 802 Williamson Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

CHARLES FORTUNE GOLD 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 

(Elected by the People) 

Charles Fortune Gold, Democrat, was born in EUenboro, N. C, 
December 17, 1911. Son of Hattie Poe (Johnson) and the late Dr. 
Charles F. Gold. Attended Blue Ridge School for Boys, Render- 



Biographical Sketches 393 

sonville, N. C, graduating in 1930; Davidson College, B.S., 1934; 
University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1937. Attorney. 
Member, Rutherford County Bar Association and North Carolina 
State Bar; Rutherford County Club. Member and former Com- 
mander of Fred Williams Post No. 75, American Legion; Forty 
and Eight and Disabled American Veterans. Member, Sigma Phi 
Epsilon Fraternity, Solicitor of Rutherford County Recorder's 
Court, 1939 and 1940; Judge, 1941, resigning in summer of 1942 
in order to enter armed forces. Secretary to Congressman A. L. 
Bulwinkle from December 1, 1943 to March 1, 1950. President 
Rutherford County Young Democratic Club, 1939. National Com- 
mitteeman of the Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina, 
1941-1946. Chairman Board of Ti'ustees Alexander Schools at 
Union Mills, and member of Board of Trustees of Western Caro- 
lina Teachers College at Cullowhee. Private in Army Air Corps 
from July 27, 1942 to March 5, 1943. State Senator from the 
Twenty-seventh Senatorial District, 1951. Appointed Commis- 
sioner of Insurance November 16, 1953 to fill unexpired term; 
nominated and elected for remainder of term in November, 1954; 
re-elected for four year term November 6, 1956. Episcopalian; 
Vestryman. Married Ernestine Bailey, June 6, 1946. Two daugh- 
ters. Patsy Lee Gold and Elizabeth Foushee Gold. Home address: 
Rutherfordton, N. C. 



GEORGE BRABSON PATTON 

ATTORNEY GENERAL 

(Elected by the People) 

George Brabson Patton, Democrat, was born in Franklin, N. C, 
August 27, 1898. Son of Erwin and Maggie (Crawford) Patton. 
Attended University of North Carolina as a special student 
in law, 1921-1923. Lawyer. Representative from Macon County 
in the General Assembly of 1939; Special Judge Superior Court, 
1947-1956. Appointed Attorney General by Governor Luther H. 
Hodges, Augxist 21, 1956; elected to four year term, November 6, 
1956. Married Kate Penland, April 30, 1928. Address: Franklin, 
N. C. 



394 North Carolina Manual 

THOMAS WATKINS ALLEN 

chairman state board of alcoholic control 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Thomas Watkins Allen, Democrat, was born in Creedmoor, 
N. C, January 7, 1893. Son of Glaudious L. and Catherine Bragg 
Allen. Attended Creedmoor High School. Farmer. Member 
Board of Directors Tobacco Stabilization Corp. since its organiza- 
tion; Board of Directors Central Carolina Farmers' Exchange 
since 1942; 15-Man Belt-Wide Flue-Cured Tobacco Committee; 
N. C. Tobacco Advisory Council; N. C. Farm Bureau; Granville 
County Pomona Grange, Master since 1945; N. C. State Grange, 
member Executive Committee since 1940 and Chairman Tobacco 
Committee since 1940; President 3-County Production Credit As- 
sociation since 1934; President 7-County Rural Electrification As- 
sociation since 1945. Member Granville County Board of Edu- 
cation, 1928-1932; North Carolina Library Commission, 1940-1944. 
Representative from Granville County in the General Assembly 
of 1949, 1951 and 1953. Appointed Chairman, State Board of 
Alcoholic Control in August of 1953. Served as Corporal in 
World War I, January 5, 1918 to June 23, 1919. Baptist; Deacon 
since 1918; Superintendent of Sunday School, 1922-1940. Mar- 
ried Julia Farmer, September 11, 1921. Children: Thomas W. 
Allen, Jr. and Mildred A. Jenkins. Home address: Route 1, 
Creedmoor, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM FLEMING BAILEY 

STATE DIRECTOR OF PRISONS 

(Appointed by the State Prison Commission 
with approval of the Governor) 

William Fleming Bailey, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C, November 9, 1901. Son of William Thomas and Clarissa 
Harris (Ruggles) Bailey. Attended Charlotte University School, 
1919-1920; Duke University, 1921-1924; Guilford College, 1925- 
1926, A.B.; University of North Carolina, one year of graduate 
work; Harvard University, one year of graduate work. Mem- 
ber American Correctional Association. Listed in Who's Who 
in America. Former Judge of High Point Juvenile Court; former 
Director of High Point Parks and Juvenile Commission. Mayor 



Biographical Sketches 395 

of City of High Point, 1949-1951; Regional Director, Office of 
Price Stabilization, 1951-1952; Director, N. C. Council of Civil 
Defense, 1953; past Co-ordinator of High Point Civil Defense 
Council; Chairman, 1946 High Point United Fund Drive. Past 
Director, High Point Family Service Bureau. High Point Inter- 
racial Committee and High Point Community Chest. Served as 
Coach on Athletic Staff of Duke University and Harvard Uni- 
versity. Member U. S. Olympic Games Committee, 1936-1940; 
Pan American Games Committee, 1942; President, Carolina As- 
sociation Amateur Athletic Union, 1935-1945; Vice President 
Amateur Athletic Union of U. S., 1941 ; Chairman National AAU 
Swimming Championships, 1941 and 1950; former Chairman Na- 
tional AAU Wrestling Championships. Member American Legion 
and Veterans of Foreign Wars. Past President High Point Civi- 
tan Club and Lieutenant Governor Civitan International. Served 
in U. S. Army as Colonel, 1942-1945; 34 months overseas; 
awarded Legion of Merit, Order of Crown of Italy and 3 Battle 
Stars. Episcopalian. Married Margaret Brown, December 24, 
1926. Two sons, William Fleming Bailey, Jr. and Thomas Ed- 
ward Bailey. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

J. W. BEAN 

CHAIRMAN NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

J. W. Bean, Democrat, was born in Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 7, 1893. Son of O. D. and Annie (Cornelison) Bean. 
Attended Montgomery County grammar and high schools; Ether 
Academy. Taught two years in a public school. Accepted a posi- 
tion with the Southern Railway as Clerk, 1916, at Spencer, N. C, 
and was promoted to various positions, including General Fore- 
man of Southern Railway Supply Department. Identified with 
several railroad organizations. Served as alderman and mayor 
pro tern of Town of Spencer, N. C. Chairman, Spencer School 
Board, 1928-1946. Served as Chairman of the Rowan County 
School Board Association and as Chairman of Spencer Precinct 
Democratic Executive Committee for a number of years. Secretary 
to Rowan County Democratic Executive Committee, 1928-1950. 
Representative from Rowan County in the General Assembly of 
1933 and 1935. Secured leave-of-absence from the Southern Rail- 



396 North Carolina Manual 

way Company in 1935 for six months to help organize the North 
Carolina Works Progress Administration as State Director of 
Labor-Management and Relations. Appointed by Governor Hoey 
as a member of the North Carolina Manpower Commission. Ap- 
pointed by Governor Broughton as a member of the Selective 
Service Board of Appeals, District No. 6, serving for the dura- 
tion of the war. Appointed by Governor Cherry as a member of 
a nine-man committee to study the needs of Area Vocational 
Schools in North Carolina. Appointed by Governor Cherry in 
1945 to a one-year term on the North Carolina Medical Care 
Commission and re-appointed in 1946 for a four-year term. Ap- 
pointed North Carolina Industrial Commissioner by Governor 
Scott on April 1, 1949, to fill two-year unexpired term; reap- 
pointed on May 1, 1951, for full six-year term. Appointed Chair- 
man North Carolina Industrial Commission by Governor Hodges 
on December 22, 1954. Baptist. Married Annie Stutts of Sea- 
grove, N. C. Three children: two sons and one daughter. Ad- 
dress: Raleigh, N. C. 

JAMES DAVIS BEATY 

DIRECTOR STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Probation Commission 
with the approval of the Governor) 

James Davis Beaty, Democrat, was born in Lancaster, S. C, 
January 27, 1891. Son of Robert T. and Mary Elizabeth (Davis) 
Beaty. Attended Lancaster High School, graduating in 1909. 
Member National Probation and Parole Association; Southern 
States Probation and Parole Association, Treasurer, 1956; An- 
cient and Accepted Free Masons. Presbyterian; Ruling Elder 
since 1917. Married Roberta Porter, September 3, 1913. Chil- 
dren: Mrs. J. M. Beckley and Mrs. R. H. Dickert. Permanent 
address: Wrightsville Beach, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, 
N. C. 

WILLIE ANDREW BRAME 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Willie Andrew Brame, Democrat, was born in Vance County, 
N, C, August 23, 1886. Son of George W. and Geneva (Jackson) 



Biographical Sketches 397 

Brame. Attended Red Oak High School; Wake Forest College. 
Served as Mayor of Town of Wendell for two terms; Judge of 
Wendell Recorder's Court for more than twenty-seven years. 
Served as Adviser to Draft Board under President Wilson and 
President Roosevelt. Member Wendell Masonic Lodge more than 
forty years. Baptist; Deacon; taught Baraca Class over twenty- 
five years. Married Mary Lillie Griffin, June, 1910. Children: 
Mrs. V. O. Roberson, Mrs. W. F. Farmer, Mrs. France Dew, 
Mrs. M. C. Henry, Willie A. Brame, Jr. and Dr. Robert G. Brame. 
Home address: Wendell, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



JAMES McCORKLE CALDWELL 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA VETERANS COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission with the 
approval of the Governor) 

James McCorkle Caldwell, Democrat, was born in Concord, 
N. C, February 2, 1897. Son of Morrison H. and Rosa (Mc- 
Corkle) Caldwell. Attended Concord High School, graduating in 
1914; Smithdeal Business College, Richmond, Va. ; Wake Forest 
College; Wake Forest College Law School. Lawyer. Member 
N. C. State Bar; American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars. 
Appointed Department Adjutant, American Legion, Department 
of North Carolina, by Department Commander R. Gregg Cherry 
in October of 1928 and served as Department Adjutant for 
eighteen successive years during which time the membership 
of the American Legion in North Carolina increased from 11,012 
to 67,667. Appointed Director, North Carolina Veterans Com- 
mission, April 28, 1949. Served as Private in 49th Company, 
Fifth Marines, Second Division of U. S. Marine Corps, June 8, 
1918 to July 12, 1919, participating in the three major offensives 
of St. Mihiel, Mont Blanc and the Meuse-Argonne. Presbyterian. 
Married Ann Williams, December 29, 1933. One daughter, Ann 
Morrison Caldwell. Address: 2504 Grant Avenue. Raleigh, N. C. 



398 North Carolina Manual 

GEORGE BRYAN CHERRY 

D.RECTOR GENERAL SERVICES DIVISION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

George Bryan Cherry, Democrat, was born in Windsor, N. C, 
January 10, 1901. Son of Solomon and Elizabeth Webb (Gray) 
Cherry. Attended Windsor High School, 1914-1917; North Caro- 
lina State College, B.E. degree in Civil Engineering, 1922. Former 
Director N. C. Society of Engineers; member and past President 
Raleigh Engineers Club. Past President Needham B. Broughton 
PTA and Raleigh Civic Council; former Director N. C. State 
College Alumni Association ; President Wake County Tuberculosis 
Society; member and past President Raleigh Lions Club; District 
Governor, Lions International, 1954-1955. Member State Em- 
ployees Association ; former member Raleigh Parking Advisory 
Committee and Wake County Democratic Executive Committee. 
Mason. Second Lieutenant U. S. Army Reserve, 1922-1927. Epis- 
copalian; past President Batte Men's Bible Class; former member 
of Vestry; former Director Brotherhood of Saint Andrev^^. Mar- 
ried Winifred Eugenia Beddingfield, of Raleigh, N. C, January 9, 
1924. Children: George Bryan Cherry, Jr. and Alexander Bed- 
dingfield Cherry. Address: 1916 Craig Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

DAVID STANTON COLTRANE 

ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF THE BUDGET 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

David Stanton Coltrane, Democrat, was born in Randolph 
County, N. C, July 27, 1893. Son of James Ruffian and Martha 
Ann (Stanton) Coltrane. Attended Cedar Square Elementary 
School; Jamestown High School, 1911-1914; Guilford College; 
N. C. State College, Class of 1918. Farmer. Assistant Director 
of the Budget since July 1, 1949. Member National Association 
of State Budget Officers; President American Association of Fer- 
tilizer Control Officials, 1947; President Southern Association of 
Feed Control Officials, 1946. Assistant Commissioner of Agri- 
culture, 1937-1947; Commissioner of Agriculture, February, 1948 
to January, 1949. Member of N. C. State Grange. Recipient of 
N. C. Farm Bureau Award for Distinguished Service to Agricul- 
ture, 1944. Member Board of Trustees, Wesleyan Methodist Col- 



Biographical Sketches 399 

lege. Methodist; Chairman Board of Stewards, 1947; President, 
"Methodist Men" of Edenton Street Church, 1956. Married Lela 
Hayworth, Aug'ust 10, 1920. Children : James Ralph Coltrane 
and Martha Sue Coltrane Robertson. Address: 1611 Oberlin 
Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

CHRISTOPHER CRITTENDEN 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

(Appointed by the Executive Board of the Department) 

Christopher Crittenden, Democrat, was born in Wake Forest, 
N. C, December 1, 1902. Son of Charles Christopher and Ethel 
(Taylor) Crittenden. Attended Wake Forest Grammar and High 
Schools. A.B. Wake Forest College 1921 and A.M. in 1922; Yale 
University, Ph.D. 1930. Director State Department of Archives 
and History (formerly the State Historical Commission) since 
1935; Secretary State Literary and Historical Association since 
1935; Member American Historical and Southern Historical asso- 
ciations; President Society of American Archivists, 1946-1948; 
President American Association for State and Local History 
1940-1942; President Archeological Society of North Carolina, 
1948-1950, 1955-1956; Secretary Board of Trustees, Olivia Raney 
Library; Member Executive Board, National Trust for Historic 
Preservation ; President Watauga Club. Principal Roxobel, N. C. 
Public School 1922-1923; Instructor in History, Yale University 
1924-1925; University of North Carolina 1926-1929; Assistant 
Professor of History, University of North Carolina 1930-1935. 
Author of North Carolina Newspapers before 1770; The Com- 
mei'ce of North Carolina 1763-1789; and various historical articles 
and book reviews. Editor The North Carolina Historical Review. 
Baptist. Married Janet Quinlan of Waynesville, N. C, 1930. 
Three children: C, Jr., born 1933; Robert Hinton, born 1936; 
Ann Lane, born 1938. Address: 1537 Caswell St., Raleigh, N. C. 

JAMES SLOAN CURRIE 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF TAX RESEARCH 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

James Sloan Currie, Democrat, was born in Clarkton, N. C, 
March 17, 1919. Son of George Hendon and Marie (Sloan) 



400 North Carolina Manual 

Currie. Attended Clarkton Public Schools, 1924-1930; Davidson 
High School, 1930-1935; Davidson College, 1935-1936; University 
of North Carolina, B.S. in Commerce, 1939 and M.S., 1949; 
University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. 
Member Phi Alpha Delta; Pi Kappa Alpha, President, 1939; 
Raleigh Rotary Club, Chairman Program Committee, 1956-1957. 
Assistant to Corporation Finance Professor at University of 
North Carolina, 1939-1940; Securities Analyst, Jefferson Stand- 
ard Life Insurance Company, 1940-1941; Underwriting Aide, 
Federal Housing Administration, 1941-1942; practiced law at 
Chapel Hill, 1948-1949; taught business law two sessions of 
Summer School, School of Business Administration, University 
of North Carolina, 1949. Appointed Director of the North 
Carolina Department of Tax Research, January 3, 1950. Execu- 
tive Secretary, Commission for the Study of the Revenue Struc- 
ture of the State, 1955-1957. Member National Association of 
Tax Administrators, Chairman of Research Section, 1953-1954; 
National Tax Association; Tax Institute. Entered United States 
Army as Private in March of 1942 and released in 1946 with 
rank of Major; served two and one-half years in Southwest 
Pacific Theatre; received Bronze Star Medal; now Instructor in 
Judge Advocate Subjects, Army Reserves. Presbyterian. Married 
Virginia Layton Spruill, September 3, 1946. Children: Marie 
Sloan Currie, age 9 and Mary Virginia Spruill Currie, age 2. 
Address: 2515 Kenmore Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

CLARENCE DeWITT DOUGLAS 

CONTROLLER STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

(Appointed by the State Board of Education 
with the approval of the Governor) 

Clarence DeWitt Douglas, Democrat, was born in Surry County, 
N. C, October 19, 1894. Son of Francis Bryan and Susan (Cock- 
erham) Douglas. Attended Fruitland Institute, 1910-1911; Bre- 
vard Institute, 1911-1915; A.B. degree. Trinity College (Duke 
University), 1920. Member North Carolina Education Associa- 
tion; American Association of School Administrators; Board of 
Trustees, Greensboro College; Raleigh History Club. Assistant 
Director and Director Division of Finance, State Department of 
Public Instruction, 1920-1939. Director Division of Auditing and 



Biographical Sketches 401 

Accounting in State School Commission and State Board of Edu- 
cation, 1939-1949. Controller, State Board of Education, Septem- 
ber 9, 1949. Charter member of Raleigh Lions Club. Served in 
the U. S. Armed Forces, Hq. 156 Field Artillery Brigade, 81st 
Division, Corporal, 1918-1919; American Expeditionary Forces; 
discharged June 23, 1919. Methodist. Married Mary Teresa 
Peacock of Salisbury, August 25, 1931. Address: 2621 Dover 
Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM EWART EASTERLING 

SECRETARY LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the State Treasurer) 

William Ewart Easterling, Democrat, was born in Marlboro 
County, South Carolina. Son of Cary Thomas and Columbia 
(Wyatt) Easterling. Attended Wofford College, A.B., 1918; 
Eastman-Gaines School of Business, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Certi- 
fied Public Accountant. Secretary, North Carolina Local Gov- 
ernment Commission since November of 1932. Served as Private 
in United States Marine Corps, June of 1918 to July of 1919. 
Presbyterian; Deacon, 1938-1941, 1950-1953; Elder, 1954. Mar- 
ried Hannah McCutchen Montgomery, October 27, 1927. One 
son, W. E. Easterling, Jr., M.D. Address: 2412 Everett Avenue, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

JACOB WILBERT FORBES 

COMMISSIONER NORTH CAROLINA BURIAL ASSOCIATION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Jacob Wilbert Forbes, Democrat, was born in Camden County, 
Son of Jacob Foster and Ida (Dozier) Forbes. Attended Oak 
Ridge Military Institute, 1933-1934; Wake Forest College, 1934- 
1936. Farmer. Member South Ruritan Club (Camden) ; Ma- 
sonic Order, Lodge No. 54, A.F.&A.M. Representative from 
Camden County in the General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Ap- 
pointed Commissioner, N. C. Burial Association, June 8, 1955. 
Baptist. Married Jerry Louise Wilcox, November 28, 1936. 
Children: Larry, age 18; Marie, age 13; Ida, age 10. Perma- 
nent address: Shiloh, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



402 North Carolina Manual 

FRANK HERBERT GIBBS 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Frank Herbert Gibbs, Democrat, was born in Rocking-ham, 
August 4, 1895. Son of J. T. and Mary Alice (Overbaugh) Gibbs. 
Attended Trinity College, 1912-1914 (academic) ; Law School, 
1914-1916. Lawyer. Mayor of Warrenton, May, 1920 to Novem- 
ber, 1934 and from December, 1941, to November, 1947. Ensign, 
U. S. N. R. F. (Naval Aviator); enrolled December 11, 1917; 
active service, March 4, 1918 to December 23, 1918. Sigma Chi 
Fraternity. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1935, 1939 
and 1949. Methodist. Married Mary Tasker Polk, December 
15, 1921. Two children: Mary Tasker, now Mrs. Barnaby W. 
McAusland, and Frank H., Jr. Address: Warrenton, N. C. 



ALEXANDER HAWKINS GRAHAM 

CHAIRMAN STATE HIGHWAY AND PUBLIC WORKS COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Alexander Hawkins Graham, Democrat, was born in Hillsboro, 
August 9, 1890. Son of John W. and Maggie F. (Bailey) Graham. 
Educated in the Episcopal High School, Alexandria, Va., 1906- 
1908. A.B. University of North Carolina, 1912. Attended Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Summer Law School, 1912-1913, and 
Harvard Law School, 1913-1914. Lawyer. Member North Carolina 
Bar Association. Commissioned Second Lieutenant at Fort Ogle- 
thorpe in 1917; promoted to First Lieutenant and then to Cap- 
tain, serving overseas with the 81st Division. Member of the 
House of Representatives, 1921, 1923, 1925, and 1927; Speaker of 
the House of Representatives, 1929. Served as Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor from January, 1933 to January, 1937. Appointed Chairman 
of the State Highway and Public Works Commission May 1, 1945, 
serving to February 1, 1949. Again appointed chairman of the 
State Highway and Public Works Commission, May 12, 1953. 
Episcopalian. Married Kathleen Long in August, 1917. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 403 

EDWARD FOSTER GRIFFIN 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA COUNCIL OF CIVIL DEFENSE 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Edward Foster Griffin, Democrat, was born in Louisburg, 
N. C, November 4, 1900. Son of Paul B. and Frances Wilder 
Griffin. Attended Louisburg High School, graduating in 1920; 
University of North Carolina, 1920-1922; Wake Forest College 
Law School, 1922-1923. Received law license in August, 1918. 
Lawyer. Member N. C. State Bar Inc.; Franklin County Bar 
Association, Past President; Past President 7th Judicial District 
Bar Association. Solicitor Franklin County Recorder's Court, 
1936-1940; Franklin County Attorney, 1946-1954; member State 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1946-1953; Chairman Franklin 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1946-1953. State Sen- 
ator from the 6th Senatorial District in the General Assembly of 
1933 and 1935. Appointed Director of N, C. Council of Civil 
Defense, March 1, 1954. Enlisted in the N. C. National Guard, 
113th F. A. Regiment, October 1, 1923; inducted into the 
Federal Service, September 16, 1940, and commanded the 113th 
Field Artillery Battalion as part of the 30th Infantry Division 
through World War II, participating in five major engagements 
in the European Theatre of Operations; discharged in November 
of 1946 and again joined the N. C. National Guard in August 
of 1947 as Division Artillery Executive Officer; now holds rank of 
Brigadier General and commands the 30th Division Artillery. 
Member American Legion, Past Com.mander Louisburg Post; 40 
& 8, Past Chef-de-gare. Mason, Past Master Louisburg Lodge 
413 A. F. & A. M.; 32nd Degree Scottish Rite; Shriner. Meth- 
odist; Steward for twenty years; Trustee; Lay Speaker. Married 
Mildred Scott Griffin, June 18, 1925. One daughter, Mrs. Nancy 
Griffin Person of Greensboro, N. C. Home address: 105 Sunset 
Avenue, Louisburg, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

DAVID QUINTON HOLTON 

DIRECTOR DIVISION OF PURCHASE AND CONTRACT 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

David Quinton Holton, Democrat, was born in Forsyth County, 
November 14, 1910. Son of A. E. and Elizabeth (Petty) Holton. 



404 North Carolina Manual 

Attended Winston-Salem High School, 1925-1930; Wake Forest 
College, B.S., 1935. Teacher and athletic coach, Edenton, N. C, 
High School, 1936-1940. Retail hardware merchant, Edenton, 
N. C, 1940-1953. Postmaster of Edenton, N. C, 1952-1953. Mem- 
ber Edenton City Council, 1942-1944; N. C. State Ports Authority, 
1948-1953. Mason and Elk. Member National Association of 
State Purchasing Officials. Appointed Director of N. C. Division 
of Purchase and Contract by Governor William B. Umstead in 
September of 1953. Methodist; Steward, 1940-1953. Married 
Kathryn Leggett in 1937. Children: Frances, age 14; Walter, 
age 12; David, age 9. Permanent address: Edenton, N. C. Pres- 
ent address: 3020 Eton Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

MRS. ELIZABETH H. HUGHEY 

state librarian 
(Appointed by the North Carolina State Library Board) 

Mrs. Elizabeth House Hughey, Democrat, was born in Rober- 
sonville, N. C, February 2, 1916. Daughter of Thomas Lawrence 
and Susan Elizabeth (Mizell) House. Attended Keel's School, 
1921-1927; Robersonville Public School, 1927-1931; Atlantic Chris- 
tian College, A.B., 1936; School of Library Science, George Pea- 
body College for Teachers, B.S. in Library Science, 1938. Member 
Am.erican Library Association; Southeastern Library Association; 
North Carolina Library Association; North Carolina Literary and 
Historical Association; Adult Education Association of America; 
Advisory Committee, Recreation Commission; North Carolina 
Family Life Council. Trustee, Atlantic Christian College. Mem- 
ber Raleigh Woman's Club; Beta Chapter of Delta Kappa Gamma 
Disciples of Christ. Married A. Miles Hughey. Address: Route 
6, Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM WRIGHT JONES 

COMMISSIONER OF BANKS 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 

William Wright Jones, Democrat, was born in Raleigh, N. C, 
April 21, 1903. Son of Charles Hinton and Beulah (Thompson) 
Jones. Attended Raleigh Public Schools, 1908-1919; accounting 
courses, Raleigh Business School and American Institute of 



Biographical Sketches 405 

Banking. Associated with Commercial National Bank, Raleigh, 
1919-1931; State Banking- Department, 1933-1937. Organizer 
and Treasurer, State Employees' Credit Union, 1937-1951. Hon- 
orary Life Member, State Employees Association. Managing 
Director, North Carolina Credit Union League, 1938-1939; Editor, 
League News. Member, Board of Trustees, Teachers and State 
Employees Retirement System, 1949-1951. Secretary-Treasurer, 
North Carolina Railroad, 1950-1951. Appointed Commissioner 
of Banks, April 14, 1951 by Governor W. Kerr Scott; re-ap- 
pointed. May 20, 1955 by Governor Luther H. Hodges; Third Vice 
President, National Association of Supervisors of State Banks. 
Member, Raleigh Lodge No. 500, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons; Raleigh Chapter No. 10, Royal Arch Masons; Enoch 
Council No. 5, Royal and Select Masters; Raleigh Commandery 
No. 4, Knight Templar; Thirty-second Degree Scottish Rite 
Mason, Wilmington Consistory; Shriner, Sudan Temple. Member, 
Capital Grange. Member, Christ Episcopal Church, Raleigh, 
N. C. Married Ruth Florence Dorval of Bywood, Pennsylvania, 
June 2, 1924. Four children: Charles Lawrence, William Wright, 
Jr., Ronald Arthur, and Dorval Thompson Jones. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

HENRY E. KENDALL 

CHAIRMAN EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Henry E. Kendall, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, August 
24, 1905. Son of Henry E. and Mary Whitelaw (Wiseman) Ken- 
dall. Attended Shelby Public Schools; N. C. State College, 1922- 
26, B.S. degree in Civil Engineering. Member Pi Kappa Alpha; 
Theta Tau Engineering Fraternity; Tau Beta Pi (Scholastic) 
and Phi Kappa Phi (Honor) fraternities. Engineer with Plumer 
Wiseman & Co., Danville, Va., 1926-30; Assistant office manager 
Dibrell Bros, tobacconists, Shanghai, China, 1931-36; engineer 
N. C. State School Commission, Raleigh, N. C, 1937-42. Commis- 
sioned 1st Lt. Engineers Corps, U. S. Army, September 18, 1942; 
served twenty months in European Theatre Operations and eight 
months in Asiatic Pacific; separated with rank of Lt. Colonel, Au- 
gust 7, 1946. Appointed Chairman, Unemployment Compensation 
Commission (now Employment Security Commission) by Governor 



406 North Carolina Manual 

R. Gregg Cherry, July 1, 1946; reappointed by Governor W. Kerr 
Scott in 1949 for 4-year term; reappointed by Governor William 
B. Umstead in 1953 for 4-year term. Member Lions Club; N. C. 
Society of Engineers; Raleigh Engineers Club; American Legion 
(member of State Administrative Committee 1950-54). Mason. 
Registered Engineer. President General Alumni Association N. C. 
State College, 1949-50; Chairman Executive Committee Alumni 
Association 1950-51. Vice-President Region III Interstate Con- 
ference of Employment Security Agencies 1950-52. President 
Interstate Conference of Employment Security Agencies 1953-54. 
Member Legislative Committee same organization. Listed in Who's 
Who in the South and Southwest. Married Eliza Katharine 
Kerr of Yanceyville, N. C. Presbyterian. Address: 2814 Exeter 
Circle, Raleigh, N. C. 



BLAINE MARK MADISON 

COMMISSIONER STATE BOARD OF CORRECTION AND TRAINING 

(Appointed by the Board) 

Blaine Mark Madison, Democrat, was born in Olin, Iredell 
County, N. C. Son of Charles M. and Molly (White) Madison. 
Attended Union Grove High School, graduating in 1926; High 
Point College, A.B., 1929; Duke University, M.A., 1933 and M.Ed., 
1939. Member National Association of Correction and Training 
Schools; American Prison Association; American Welfare Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina Council for Social Service; Kappa Delta 
Pi Honorary Scholarship Fraternity in Education. Author of 
numerous professional articles for North Carolina Education, 
North Carolina Christian Advocate, The State, PTA Bulletin and 
Bulletin Service of the Methodist Church of the United States. 
President Adult and Juvenile Delinquency Division North Caro- 
lina Council for Social Service; President North Central District 
of North Carolina Education Association, 1950; President Raleigh 
Unit of North Carolina Education Association, 1949; Treasurer 
Southeastern Division of Child Welfare League of America, 1948; 
President Raleigh Family Service Society, 1949. Appointed 
Commissioner of the State Board of Correction and Training, 
July 1, 1956. Member Raleigh Lions Club, First Vice President, 
1951. Member Edenton Street Methodist Church of Raleigh; 



Biographical Sketches 407 

past Chairman Board of Stewards; Teacher of Fidelis Bible 
Class; former Lay Leader of the Raleigh District of the Meth- 
odist Church; former Treasurer of the Board of Lay Activities 
of the North Carolina Methodist Conference; member Board of 
Education of the North Carolina Conference; Executive Commit- 
tee of the North Carolina Council of Churches; Executive Commit- 
tee of the Southeastern Jurisdictional Council of the Methodist 
Church. Married Helen Williams, 1935. Address: 1809 McDonald 
Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 

JOHN HALL MANNING 

THE ADJUTANT GENERAL 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

John Hall Manning, Democrat, vi^as born in Durham, N. C, 
September 27, 1889. Son of James Smith and Julia Tate (Cain) 
Manning. Attended Durham High School, 1902-1905; University 
of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 1909; University of North Caro- 
lina Law School, 1911-1913. Former attorney at law. Member 
Wake County Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; Na- 
tional Guard Association of the United States. Assistant United 
States Attorney, 1934-1946; United States Attorney, Eastern Dis- 
trict of North Carolina, 1946-1951. Member North Carolina Na- 
tional Guard, December 23, 1913 to August 16, 1919 and May 2, 
1921 to September 30, 1951. Rank: Private; First Lieutenant, 
January 7, 1914; Captain, April 7, 1914; Major, October 4, 1918; 
Lt. Colonel, May 2, 1921; Colonel, February 1, 1937; Major Gen- 
eral of the Line, September 11, 1947. Retired, Major General, 
September 30, 1951. Appointed Adjutant General of North Caro- 
lina, October 1, 1951. Mason, Sudan Temple, Episcopalian. Mar- 
ried Jane Hildenbrand Stillman, November 23, 1920. Children: 
Jane Stillman Manning (Mrs. Charles A. McKenney, Jr.) ; Rich- 
ard de Yarmon Manning. Address: 2911 Fairview Road, Raleigh, 
N. C. 

JOHNSON MATTHEWS 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Johnson Matthews, Democrat, was born at Riverton, Scotland 
County, N. C, September 29, 1899. Son of Walter Jesse and 



15 



408 North Carolina Manual 

Mary (Johnson) Matthews. Attended Riverton High School and 
Spring Hill High School, 1907-1918; Wake Forest College, A.B., 
1922; Wake Forest College Law School, 1927. Served in World 
War I as Private, 1918. Representative from Scotland County 
in the General Assembly of 1927. Baptist. Married Nina Horner, 
June 15, 1940. One daughter. Home address: 1606 Carolina 
Avenue, Durham, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



RAYMOND CRAFT MAXWELL 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 
(Appointed by the Board) 

Raymond Craft Maxwell, Democrat, was born in Whiteville, 
N. C, May 17, 1896. Son of Allen J. and Delia (Ward) Maxwell. 
Attended Raleigh High School; University of North Carolina, 
LL.D., 1919. Member N. C. State Bar. Has served as Executive 
Secretary of State Board of Elections since April 1, 1926. Author 
of "Life and Works of Allen Jay Maxwell", 1947. Student 
officer in U. S. Naval Reserve Flying Corps, 1918. Baptist. Mar- 
ried Stella Garrett, November 22, 1921. One daughter, Mrs. 
James S. Hunt, High Point, N. C. Address: 1124 Harvey Street, 
Raleigh, N. C. 



EDWARD H. McMAHAN 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Edward H. McMahan, Democrat, was born in Yancey County, 
N. C, June 20, 1905. Son of William Hayes and Eva Mae (Riddle) 
McMahan. Attended Marion Elementary and High Schools, 1911- 
1923; Wake Forest College, 1923-1927, LL.B. Lawyer. Member, 
N. C. Bar Association. Methodist. Married Sarah Kathleen 
Jenkins, December 19, 1925. Two children: Edward H, Mc- 
Mahan, Jr., and Sarah Judson McMahan. Legal address: Bre- 
vard, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 409 

RALPH MANNING MOODY 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Ralph Manning Moody, Democrat, was born in Robbinsville, 
N. C, August 12, 1899. Son of Jasper N. and Josephine (Crisp) 
Moody. Attended Asheville Schools, 1913-1916; Murphy High 
School, 1917; University of North Carolina, literary and law 
course combined. Lawyer formerly. Chief Counsel Unemploy- 
ment Compensation Commission; designated acting Chairman by 
Governor Broughton, December 21, 1942. Appointed Assistant 
Attorney General in November of 1944. Appointed State Utilities 
Commissioner by Governor Luther H. Hodges, August of 1955. 
Former President Twentieth District Association, North Caro- 
lina State Bar. Private U. S. Army, 1918. Member Woodmen 
of the World. Member first Student Board of Editors of the 
North Carolina Law Review. Baptist. Married Carrie Payne, 
October 29, 1924. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



JAMES WILSON MURDOCH 

GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT 
NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITALS BOARD OF CONTROL 

(Appointed by the Board) 

James Wilson Murdoch, Democrat, was born in Stonehaven, 
Scotland, April 13, 1900. Son of George and Williamina (Bridge- 
ford) Murdoch. Attended Fetteresso School and Mackie Academy, 
1904-1918; Faculty of Medicine, Aberdeen University, Scotland, 
1919-1924, M.B. and Ch.B. Member American Medical Associa- 
tion; Amei-ican Psychiatric Association; N. C. State Medical As- 
sociation; N. C. Neuropsychiatric Association; British Royal Med- 
ico-Psychological Association; British Medical Association. Served 
in World War I as Private in British Army, 1918. Became an 
American citizen in 1954. Appointed General Superintendent, 
North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control, December 7, 1955. 
Episcopalian. Married Evelyn Audsley in 1929. One daughter, 
Evelyn Janet Barbara Murdoch. Home address: Chapel Hill, 
N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



410 North Carolina Manual 

JOHN WILLIAM ROY NORTON, M.D. 

secretary state board of health 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Board of Health 
with the approval of the Governor) 

John William Roy Norton, Democrat, was born in Scotland 
County, July 11, 1898. Son of Lafayette and lola Josephine 
(Reynolds) Norton. Attended Snead's Grove School, 1916-1920; 
A.B. degree. Trinity College (Duke University) June, 1920; one 
year's work in the Law School Trinity College, 1922-1923. Prin- 
cipal and athletic coach, Lumberton, 1921-1922 and Snead's Grove 
(Scotland County), 1923-1924. University of North Carolina 
Medical School, Chapel Hill, 1924-1926; Vanderbilt University 
Medical School, 1926-1928, M.D. degree, 1928; interne at Henry 
Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich., July, 1928-June, 1929; member 
medical staff of the Henry Ford Hospital, July, 1929-June, 1930; 
chief of the medical department Holt-Krock Clinic, Fort Smith, 
Arkansas, July, 1930-August, 1931. City Health Superintendent, 
Rocky Mount, 1931-1935; Harvard School of Public Health, MPH 
degree, 1936; Assistant Division Director State Board of Health, 
1936-1938; Professor Public Health Administration, University of 
North Carolina, 1938-1940. Private to Second Lieutenant of Field 
Artillery, 1918; Captain to Colonel in Medical Corps, 1940-1945; 
Medical Inspector Fort Bragg; Assistant Chief Preventive Medi- 
cine European Theatre; Deputy Chief Hygiene Allied Force 
Headquarters; Medical Inspector Seventh Army; Director Epi- 
demiology for Army; Chief Preventive Medicine Ninth Service 
Command. Awarded battle stars Tunisian and Sicilian Cam- 
paigns and Army Commendation Citation for service as Army 
Epidemiology Chief. Chief Health Officer TVA, 1946-1948; N. C. 
State Health Officer since July, 1948. Visiting Associate Profes- 
sor Public Health, School of P. H., UNC. Member Wake County, 
Sixth District, North Carolina, Southern and American Medical 
Associations ; Past Secretary-Treasurer Edgecombe-Nash County 
and Vice-President Fourth District and Past Secretary and 
Chairman Section on Public Health and Education of N. C. Med- 
ical Society and of Public Health Section of SMA; Member N. C, 
Southern Branch and American Public Health Associations; Sec- 
retary-Treasurer and Executive Committee NCPHA; Chairman 
Health Officers Section, Governing Council and Executive Com- 



Biographical Sketches 411 

mittee, Secretary-Treasurer and President (1953-1954), Southern 
Branch APHA; Governing Council, Secretary and Chairman 
Health Officers Section APHA; American Association, P. H. Phy- 
sicians; International Society of Medical Health Officers, Secre- 
tary-Treasurer (1954) ; State and Territorial Health Officer's 
Association Executive Committee and Chairman Mental Health 
Section, President 1955; Fellow American College of Physicians; 
American Academy of General Practice; Fellow N. C. Academy 
of Preventive Medicine and American College of Preventive Medi- 
cine and President 1955; Diplomate American Board Preventive 
Medicine; President Association State and Territorial Health 
Officer, 1955; Honorary Member North Carolina Dental Society; 
Board of Directors Planned Parenthood Federation of America 
and Recipient Lasker Foundation Award (1953) ; Executive Com- 
mittee North Carolina Division of American Cancer Society, 
N. C. Dental Foundation and N. C. Heart Association; Board of 
Directors N. C. Conference of Social Service, President 1951 ; 
Medical Advisory Board N. C. Military District and N. C. Selec- 
tive Service System; N. C. Civil Defense Council; President Wake 
County Duke Alumni Association, 1953, and member National 
Council; President Harvard P. H. Alumni Association, 1951, and 
N. C. Harvard Alumni Association, 1952; American Legion Capi- 
tal City Post 297; Commander 1952 and N. C. Department Boy's 
State Committee and Junior Baseball Area I Commissioner, 1955; 
Executive Committee Board of Trustees N. C. Cancer Institute; 
Consultant National Mental Health Institute, USPHS; Gover- 
nor's Committee on Interstate Cooperation; U. S. A. Delegation 
8th World Health Assembly 1955; N. C. Medical Care Commis- 
sion; Chairman Governor's State Advisory Committee on Polio- 
myelitis Vaccine; Chairman Postmortem Medicolegal Examina- 
tions Committee; Member Advisory Committee to Board of Water 
Commissioners; Vice-Chairman Governor's Coordinating Com- 
mittee on Aging; Member Governor's Nuclear Energy Advisory 
Committee; Delta Omega (Public Health), Alpha Omega Alpha 
(Medical) and Sigma Xi (Scientific) Honorary Societies; Scien- 
tific Exhibit Award (N. C. Medical Society), 1947, and Reynolds 
Medal (NCPHA), 1948; Woodman of the World and Mason; 
Delta Sigma Phi, Alpha Kappa Kappa and Sigma Nu Phi Fra- 
ternities; listed in Who's Who in America. Author of Rabies 
Control; Diphtheria Control: Observations on 1948 Polio Epi- 



412 North Carolina Manual 

demic in North Carolina; Planning^ a Public Health Program; A 
Mid-Century Review of Public Health Activities in North Caro- 
lina; Joint Responsibilities of Public Health and Private Prac- 
tice; Public Health Aspects of Civil Defense; Looking Ahead for 
Health in North Carolina; Strengthening Local Health Depart- 
ments — A Vital Security Need. Looking Ahead Tv\renty-five 
Years in Public Health; A Century of Medical Leadership in 
Public Health in North Carolina; Chronic Diseases — A Joint Re- 
sponsibility of Private Practice and Public Health; The Past is 
Prologue — Southern Public Health Pioneering; State and Local 
Health Department Services in North Carolina; Poliomyelitis 
Control in North Carolina ; Efforts to Define and Help the Health 
Officer to Fulfill His Role in Mental Health; many articles in 
N. C. Health Bulletin. Methodist; Steward, First Methodist 
Church, Rocky Mount, 1934-1935 and 1950, Edenton Street Church, 
Raleigh. Married Juanita Harris Ferguson, 1928. Three children: 
Geraldine, 27; Jean, 23; Lafayette Ferguson, 17. Address: 2129 
Cowper Di-ive, Raleigh, N. C. 

CLYDE PHARR PATTON 

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 
NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Clyde Pharr Patton, Democrat, was born in Monroe County, 
West Virginia, September 17, 1913. Son of Clyde Thompson and 
Glenna Robinson (Pharr) Patton. Attended Herndon High 
School, Herndon, Va. ; Virginia Polytechnic Institute, B.S. in 
Biology, 1936 and M.S. in Wildlife Conservation, 1939. Member 
Wildlife Society, Outdoor Writers Association of America; Out- 
door Writers Association of North Carolina; Atlantic Water- 
fowl Council, Chairman, 1954-1956; National Waterfowl Council; 
International Association of Game, Fish and Conservation Com- 
missioners, member Executive Committee; Southeastern Associa- 
tion of Game and Fish Commissioners, President, 1953 ; Carolina 
Bird Club; Atlantic Flyway Representative, National Waterfowl 
Council. Editor, Virginia Wildlife Magazine, 1946-1948. Co- 
author of "Wild Mammals of Virginia." Author of numerous 
articles in scientific and popular publications. Executive Direc- 
tor, North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission since Feb- 



Biographical Sketches 413 

ruary 1, 1948. Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry Re- 
serve (ROTC), May 31, 1936; called to active duty with Air 
Force, June of 1941; served in European Theatre of Operations 
from August of 1942 to September of 1945; released from active 
duty as Lieutenant Colonel, March, 1946; Reserve Officer at pres- 
ent. Member Raleigh Lodge No. 500, Ancient, Free and Accepted 
Masons. Presbyterian; Elder; President and Teacher of Adult 
Sunday School Class. Married Lucile Nadine Jennings, Decem- 
ber 7, 1945. Address: 105 Ashland Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

JAMES WILLIAMS POWELL 

DIRECTOR STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

(Appointed by the Attorney General) 

James Williams Powell, Democrat, was born in Laurens, S. C, 
August 24, 1909. Son of James W. and Tallulah (Caine) Powell. 
Attended public schools of New Hanover and Lenoir Counties; 
graduated from Cape Charles (Va.) High School, 1926; Virginia 
Military Institute, Bachelor of Science degree in Chemical Engi- 
neering, 1930. Also completed courses in following: Boyd Busi- 
ness School, Washington, D. C, 1932; Institute of Criminal Sci- 
ence, Washington, D. C, 1937; U. S. Army Counter-intelligence 
School, Chicago, 111., 1942; British School of Military Intelligence, 
Matlock, England, 1944. Member International Association of 
Chiefs of Police; Academy for Scientific Interrogation; North 
Carolina Sheriffs' Association; Past President N. C. Police Ex- 
ecutives Association. Major, Military Intelligence Division, 
United States Army, 1942-1946; Major, 113th Field Artillery Bat- 
talion, 30th Division, N. C. National Guard, 1948-1951. Mason, 
Raleigh Lodge No. 500. Presbyterian. One daughter, Kitty Tal- 
lulah Powell, age 17. Address: Apartment A, 2018 Smallwood 
Drive, Raleigh N. C. 

JAMES HARRIS PURKS, JR. 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

(Appointed by the Board with the approval of the Governor) 

James Harris Purks, Jr., Democrat, was born in Bartow, Ga., 
August 6, 1901. Son of James Harris and Lulie Carswell (Kin- 
man) Purks. Attended Madison (Ga.) High School, 1913-1917; 



414 North Carolina Manual 

Emory University, 1919-1923, B.S.; Columbia University, 1924- 
1928, A.M. and Ph.D. Member Phi Beta Kappa; Sigma Chi; 
American Physical Society; Southeastern Section American Phys- 
ical Society; Masonic Lodge; Sons of American Revolution. 
Served as Second Lieutenant in Georgia National Guard, 1923- 
1924; Second Lieutenant, ORC, 1923-1928. Professor of Physics 
and Dean of College of Arts and Sciences, Emory University, 
1938-1947; Director of the University Center in Georgia, 1948- 
1950; Associate Director of the General Education Board (of 
New York, a Rockefeller Foundation), 1950-1954; Provost and 
Vice-President of University of North Carolina, 1954-1956; mem- 
ber Council of the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies since 
its origin, Chairman in 1948 and currently member Board of 
Directors. Author of several scientific papers in journals of 
physics. Elected Director of North Carolina Board of Higher 
Education on January 4, 1956 and assumed duties on March 1, 
1956. Methodist. Married Mary Pearce Brown, June 9, 1932. 
One son, James H. Purks, IIL Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON RANDALL, JR. 

CHAIRMAN NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

George Washington Randall, Jr., Democrat, was born in West 
Blocton, Ala., July 13, 1910. Son of George Washington and 
Carrie Leland (White) Randall. Attended West Blocton, Ala., 
High School, 1923-1927; Alabama Polytechnic Institute (Auburn), 
1927-1929; University of Alabama, 1929-1931; University of Ala- 
bama Law School, 1931-1932. Member Iredell County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1949-1951; Mooresville Planning 
Board; Mooresville Chamber of Commerce, Director; Mooresville 
Rotary Club, President, 1948-1949. Member Phi Delta Theta 
Fraternity. Representative from Iredell County in the General 
Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Appointed Chairman, N. C. Board 
of Paroles by Governor Luther H. Hodges, June 29, 1956. Episco- 
palian; Vestryman. Married Satie Graham of Sumter, S. C, 
January 19, 1935. Three children: George Robert Randall (de- 
ceased); Martha Leland Randall, age 9; and Rosemary Randall, 
age 2. Home address: 215 West Stewart Ave., Mooresville, N. C. 
Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 415 

NEROS FREDERICK RANSDELL 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Neros Frederick Ransdell, Democrat, was born in Franklin 
County, N. C, September 19, 1903. Son of William C. and Mary 
(Dixon) Ransdell. Attended Sandhill Farm Life School, 1923- 
1927; Mars Hill College; Wake Forest College; Wake Forest Law 
School, 1930-1933. President, Euthalian Literary Society, Mars 
Hill College, 1929; awarded improvement medal, 1928; Debater's 
Medal, 1929; Commencement Debater's Medal, 1929, Inter-Collegi- 
ate Debater, 1928-1929, Delegate from Wake County to National 
Farm Bureau Organization in Chicago, 111., 1944. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber Wake County Bar Association ; North Carolina State Bar As- 
sociation. Solicitor, Fuquay Springs Recorder's Court, 1934-1944 
and 1954-1955. Representative from Wake County in the General 
Assembly of 1945 and 1947. Chief Enrolling Clerk during 1949 
Session of the General Assembly. Appointed Director of State 
Probation Commission by the North Carolina State Probation 
Commission and the Governor, January 21, 1950. Appointed Com- 
missioner of Paroles for the State of North Carolina by Governor 
Scott, June 2, 1952. Appointed a member of the North Carolina 
Probation Commission by Governor Scott, August 20, 1952. Ap- 
pointed a member of the North Carolina Industrial Commission 
by Governor Hodges, January 14, 1955. Member Fuquay-Varina 
Lions Club. Presbyterian. One daughter: Sylvia Nan Ransdell. 
Address: Varina, N. C. 

WILLIAM P. SAUNDERS 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

William P. Saunders, Democrat, was born in Gaston County at 
Dallas, October 28, 1897. Son of the late Thomas Lee Saunders 
and Mary Elizabeth (Gaston) Saunders. Attended Plumtree 
Academy in Spruce Pine; was graduated from the Morganton 
High School. Attended University of North Carolina, Class of 
1921. While an undergraduate at University, he was a private 
in the Student Army Training Corps (SATC), 1917-18, and 
played outfield on University baseball team of which the now 



416 North Carolina Manual 

Governor Luther H. Hodges was business manager. After serv- 
ing in various capacities in textile industry he became manager 
of Pinehurst Silk Mill at Hemp (now Robbins) in 1931. Was 
President of Robbins Mills, Inc., which had branches at Aber- 
deen, Raeford, Red Springs and Robbins when mills merged with 
American Woolen Company in 1954. Had retired to home in 
Southern Pines when Governor Hodges requested him to be- 
come Director, Department of Conservation and Development, 
effective December 15, 1955, to succeed Ben E. Douglas, resigned. 
Mayor of Robbins, 1935-50; served on Robbins School Board; 
member Moore County Board of Education; USO Chairman for 
Moore County during World War II, and has been a member of 
Moore County Hospital Board for more than 20 years. Named 
by Governor R. Gregg Cherry as a member of first State Stream 
Sanitation Commission. Resigned membership on State Banking 
Commission to which he had been named by Governor William 
B. Umstead when Governor Hodges appointed him to present posi- 
tion. Member Board of Trustees University of North Carolina; 
Chairman of Board's Visiting Committee; Director and Vice 
President Business Foundation of University of North Carolina, 
member of Advisory Council North Carolina State College. 
Scottish Rite Mason; Shriner; member Southern Pines Kiwanis 
Club; former member of Robbins Lions Club and Knights of 
Pythias. Life-long Democrat, he served as chairman of his pre- 
cinct in Moore County and is a member of the State Democratic 
Executive Committee from Moore County. Member Pine Needles 
Country Club; Southern Pines; Kings Mountain Country Club; 
Carolina Country Club and Sphinx Club, both in Raleigh. Pres- 
byterian; Elder. Married Elizabeth Yates Plonk of Kings Moun- 
tain, October, 1923, deceased. Two daughters: Mrs. Ralph W. 
Barnhart, Raeford, N. C, and Mrs. Robert 0. Southwell, Rome, 
Ga. Official address: Education Building, Raleigh, N. C. Home 
address: Southern Pines, N. C. 

EDWARD SCHEIDT 

COMMISSIONER OF MOTOR VEHICLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Edward Scheldt, Democrat, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, 
January 20, 1903. Son of John and Anna (Kerber) Scheldt. At- 



Biographical Sketches 417 

tended Winston-Salem High School, Class of 1921 ; University of 
North Carolina, A. B., 1926; University of North Carolina Law 
School, LL.B., 1931. Admitted to the North Carolina Bar in 1931. 
Worked with Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1931-1953, serving 
as Special Agent in Charge of the Charlotte, New York and 
Detroit offices. Member Society of former Special Agents of the 
F. B. I.; Chi Phi Social Fraternity; Omicron Delta Kappa Hon- 
orary Fraternity. Lutheran. Married Ruth Schwenck, August 
28, 1933. Two daughters, Elsa and Ruth. Address: 2338 Hatha- 
way Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

EUGENE GUILFORD SHAW 

COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Eugene Guilford Shaw, Democrat, was born in Pittsburgh, 
Pa., April 2, 1899, Son of James Henry and Lillian (White) 
Shaw. Attended Greensboro High School, 1912-1917; Oak Ridge 
Military Institute, 1917-1918; University of North Carolina, 
1920-1923; University of North Carolina Law School. Attorney 
at law. Tax administrator. Member, Greensboro Bar Associa- 
tion; N. C. Bar Association; Greensboro Real Estate Board; 
Past President Bar Association of 12th Judicial District. Charter 
member and Past President, Guilford County Young Democratic 
Club. Former Secretary, Guilford County Board of Elections. 
Former Executive Vice-Chairman, Guilford County Democratic 
Executive Committee. Deputy Clerk of the Superior Court Guil- 
ford County, 1923-1925. Public Administrator in Guilford County, 
1942-1949. Seaman 2. c, U. S. Navy in World War 1. Member 
Corinthian Lodge No. 542 Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
Past Master, 1929-1930. Member Oasis Temple Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Appointed Commissioner of 
Revenue on April 26, 1949 by Governor Kerr Scott; re-appointed 
June, 1953 by Governor William B. Umstead. President of Alumni 
Association of Oak Ridge Military Institute; President of Na- 
tional Association of Tax Administrators, 1952-53; President of 
Southeastern Association of Tax Administrators, 1952-53; First 
Vice-President of Tax Institute, Incorporated, of Princeton, New 
Jersey, 1953. Chairman of Board of Trustees, Federation of Tax 
Administrators, Chicago, 111., 1955-56. Presbyterian. Married 



418 North Carolina Manual 

Alice Elizabeth Lindsay of Taylorsville, N. C, April 3, 1926. One 
son, Eugene Guilford Shaw. Address: 1616 Nottingham Road, 
Greensboro, N. C. 



CHARLES STEPHENS TEMPLETON 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission 
with the approval of the Governor) 

Charles Stephens Templeton, Democrat, was born in China 
Grove, N. C, May 27, 1913. Son of George J. and Roxie B. 
(Sechler) Templeton. Attended China Grove Public Schools, 1919- 
1930; University of North Carolina, A. B., 1934; Columbia Uni- 
versity, M. A., 1939; On-the-Job Training in Hospital Adminis- 
tration, 1946. Member Sigma Phi Epsilon, Phi Beta Kappa and 
Phi Mu Alpha Fraternities. While at the University of North 
Carolina was member of YMCA Deputation Team. High School 
Teacher and Band Director, Fayetteville High School, 1934-1935; 
Supervisor of Teacher Training, Chapel Hill Public Schools, 1935- 
1939. Teacher of History, Durham Public Schools, 1939-1941; 
Assistant Professor of Social Science and Secretary of the Fac- 
ulty, Mississippi State College for Women, 1941-1942; Adminis- 
trator, St. Aenes Hospital and School of Nursing, Raleigh, N. C, 
1947-1950; Hospital Administrative Consultant and Program 
Director, North Carolina Medical Care Commission, 1950-1957. 
Appointed Executive Secretary, N. C. Medical Care Commission, 
February 1, 1957. Member American Association of Hospital 
Planning Agencies; Wake County Association of Phi Beta Kappa; 
former member of Raleigh Junior Chamber of Commerce; Direc- 
tor Raleigh Chamber of Music Guild; President Social Science 
Teachers, North Carolina Education Association, 1938-1939. En- 
tered United States Army Air Force as Private, May 28, 1942; 
released from service as First Lieutenant, February 16, 1946; 
Reserve Officer since 1946. Episcopalian. Address: 914 Culpepper 
Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 419 

HARRY TRACY WESTCOTT 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Harry Tracy Westcott, Democrat, was born in Manteo, N. C, 
April 13, 1906. Son of George Thomas and Odessa (Tillett) West- 
cott. Attended Manteo Graded School, 1914-1920; Manteo High 
School, 1920-1924; North Carolina State College, B.S. degree, 
1928. Attended and completed School of Transportation and Mar- 
keting conducted by the University of Chicago in cooperation 
with the U. S. Department of Agriculture in New York, 1938. 
President, Inspectors Association of America, 1941. Marketing 
Specialist, N. C. Department of Agriculture, 1936-1948. Adminis- 
trator, Federal Marketing Agreement and Order No. 81 States of 
N. C. and Virginia, 1948. Director of Markets, State of North 
Carolina, 1948-1950. Appointed by Governor Scott as a member 
of the Utilities Commission, March 1, 1950. Reappointed for a 
term of six years, February 1, 1951. Methodist. Married Helen 
Rankin of Gastonia, N. C, March 21, 1942. Two children: Helen 
Rankin Westcott; Robert Thomas Westcott. Address: 3046 Gran- 
ville Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

STANLEY WINBORNE 

CHAIRMAN STATE UTILITIES COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Stanley Winborne, Democrat, was born at Murfreesboro, N. C, 
August 25, 1886. Son of B. B. and Nellie (Vaughan) Winborne. 
Attended public schools; Dr. E. E. Parham's School, Murfrees- 
boro; University of North Carolina, 1907; Ph. B. degree. Member 
of North Carolina Bar Association. Member of the North Caro- 
lina Society of the Cincinnati. Mason. Pi Kappa Alpha Frater- 
nity; Order of the Gorgan's Head. Kiwanis Club. Mayor, Mur- 
freesboro 1909-1910; County Attorney 1911-1914; Representative 
from Hertford County 1915-1919; Senator from First District 
1921; Democratic nominee for Presidential Elector 1928. Appoint- 
ed member of the Corporation Commission in February 1930, by 
Governor Gardner; elected for unexpired term in November 1930; 
re-elected for regular term 1932. Appointed Utilities Commis- 
sioner by Governor Ehringhaus, effective January 1, 1934; elected 



420 North Carolina Manual 

for four-year term in November 1934; re-elected November 8, 
1938; made Chairman of present N. C. Utilities Commission by 
General Assembly 1941; reappointed Chairman by Governor 
Cherry, 1947; reappointed Chairman by Governor Umstead in 1953. 
Methodist. Married Frances Sharp Jernigan, April 17, 1912. Four 
sons, three daughters, ten grandsons and seven granddaughters. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

DR. ELLEN WINSTON 

COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

(Appointed by the State Board of Public Welfare 
with the approval of the Governor) 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Democrat, was born in Bryson City, N. C. 
Daughter of Stanley Warren and Marianna (Fischer) Black. 
Attended Bryson City Public Schools; Converse College, Spartan- 
burg, S. C, A.B.; Graduate work at N. C. State College and 
University of North Carolina ; University of Chicago, M. A. ; 
Ph.D. Honorary L.H.D., Woman's College of University of North 
Carolina, 1948; Honorary LL.D., Converse College, 1952. Ap- 
pointed Commissioner of the State Board of Public Welfare, June 
1, 1944. Member American Sociological Society, American Pub- 
lic Welfare Association, National Conference of Social Welfare 
Health Association, North Carolina Conference for Social Service, 
American Association of University Women, Raleigh Business 
and Professional Women's Club, Raleigh Woman's Club, and In- 
ternational Conference of Social Work. President State Legis- 
lative Council, 1943-1944; Legislative Chairman State Federation 
of Women's Clubs, 1943-1944. International Relations Chairman, 
N. C. Branch American Association of University Women, 1943- 
1946. Chairman Administrative Board of State Nutrition Com- 
mittee, 1947-1948. President, N. C. Conference for Social Service, 
1948-1950. Head, Department of Sociology and Economics, Mere- 
dith College, 1940-1944. Consultant Federal Works Project Ad- 
ministration, 1939-1943. Consultant National Resources Planning 
Board, 1940-1943. Consultant United States Office of Education, 
1942-1944. Member, Board of Dix-ectors, North Carolina Confer- 
ence for Social Service, Mental Health Council, and Hospital for 
Treatment of Children with Cerebral Palsy; Chairman, North 
Carolina Board of Eugenics. Ex-officio member N. C. Medical 
Care Commission, State Recreation Commission, State Commis- 



Biographical Sketches 421 

sion for the Blind, Prison Advisory Council, and State Board 
of Correction and Training. President, American Public Welfare 
Association. Chairman, North Carolina Committee on Refugee 
Act of 1953. Member, Committee on Federal Aid to Welfare of 
Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, 1954-1955. Mem- 
ber, Factfinding Committee, Midcentury White House Conference 
on Children and Youth, 1948-1950; member Slum Clearance Ad- 
visory Committee, U. S. Housing and Home Finance Agency, 
1950-1954; member, Executive Committee, National Conference 
of Social Work, 1951-1954; President, North Carolina Health 
Council, 1955 — . Chairman, Governor's Coordinating Committee 
on Aging. Listed in "Biographical Directory of American Schol- 
ars," "Who's Who in the American Education," "Who's Who in 
the Western Hemisphere," and "Who's Who in America." Co- 
author of "Seven Lean Years"; "The Plantation South, 1934- 
1937"; "Foundations of American Population Policy." Author of 
numerous articles dealing with social and economic problems. 
Formerly special technical editor National Economic and Social 
Planning Association and for the Carnegie Corporation of New 
York. Presbyterian. Married Dr. Sanford Winston. Address: 1712 
^iccadilly Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 

HENRY ALTON WOOD 

EXECUTIVE SFCRETARY 
NORTH CAROLINA STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Henry Alton Wood, Democrat, was born in Lincolnton, N. C, 
September 7, 1904. Son of John Henry and Ella (Heavner) Wood. 
Attended Valle Crucis Industrial School; Lincolnton High School; 
A.B., University of North Carolina, 1927; University of North 
Carolina Graduate School, 1928-1931. Member, National Rehabili- 
tation Association; N. C. Society Social Service; N. C. Society 
Crippled Children; Exceptional Child; lAPES; American Associa- 
tion for the Blind; National Society for the Prevention of Blind- 
ness; Association of Rehabilitation Woi'kers for the Blind, Na- 
tional President, 1949 ; Director, American Association Workers 
for the Blind, 1950 and Vice-President 1956-1960; Director, 
North Carolina State Association for the Blind. Trustee, Amer- 
ican Foundation for the Blind. First Vice President, States' 
Council of Agencies for the Blind, 1954. Director, States Council 



422 North Carolina Manual 

National Rehabilitation Association. Member, U. S. Delegation, 
World Council for the Welfare of the Blind, Paris, France, 1954. 
Member, Sir Walter Lions Club. Episcopalian. Married Pauline 
Patton, June 17, 1933. One daughter, Polly Patton, age 20. 
Address: 2619 Grant Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 

SAMUEL OTIS WORTHINGTON 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor) 
Samuel Otis Worthington, Democrat, was born in Winterville, 
N. C, January 24, 1898. Son of Samuel G. and Lydia Campbell 
(Smith) Worthington. Attended rural schools, 1905-1912; Winter- 
ville High School, 1912-1917; University of North Carolina, two 
years of academic work and two years of law, fall of 1917 through 
summer of 1921. Attorney. Served in the Naval Unit of S.A.T.C. 
at the University from September 1, 1918 to November 1918. 
Served in N. C. State Guard October, 1943 to October, 1944. 
Representative from Pitt County in the General Assembly of 
1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Member 
Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. Grand Chancellor of the Order 
of Knights of Pythias in the State of North Carolina from June, 
1930 to July, 1931. Supreme Representative from Domain of 
North Carolina to Supreme Lodge Knights of Pythias, 1938-1948. 
Member Greenville Exchange Club; Treasurer, N. C. State Ex- 
change Clubs, 1953-1955. State Utilities Commissioner, June 1, 
1953-December 31, 1954; reappointed June 28, 1955. Episcopalian. 
Married Bessie Harrison, April 29, 1926. Two children: Lina 
Hackett Worthington Mays, Richmond, Va., and Samuel Otis 
Worthington Jr., Greenville, N. C. One grandson, Robert Worth- 
ington Mays, age 2. Home address: Greenville, N. C. Official 
address : Raleigh, N. C. 

NATHAN HUNTER YELTON 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(Elected by Board of Trustees) 
Nathan Hunter Yelton, Democrat, was born at Bakersville, 
N. C, April 5, 1901. Son of David and Sarah Jane (Deyton) Yel- 
ton. Attended Berea Academy, Ky., 1916-1918; Friendville High 
School, (Tenn.) 1921-1922; Yancey Collegiate Institute, Burnsville, 



Biographical Sketches 423 

N. C, 1922-1923; Maryville College, Tenn., 1923-1924; Summer 
Schools, University of Tennessee; B.S., Vanderbilt University; 
George Peabody College, Nashville, Tenn., 1928; Graduate work at 
the University of North Carolina, 1930, and in School Administra- 
tion, George Peabody, 1931. Member of Municipal Finance Officers 
Association, U. S. and Canada ; Southern Conference on Teacher 
Retirement, National Council on Teacher Retirement. President 
High School Principals Association, Western District, N.C.E.A., 
1931; Western District, Superintendent's Association, N.C.E.A., 
1934. Superintendent, Mitchell County Schools, 1931-1937; State 
Director Public Assistance 1937-1941 ; Executive Secretary, State 
School Commission, 1941, 1942; Controller State Board of Educa- 
tion, 1942-1943; Director and Executive Secretary of the North 
Carolina Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System for 
cities and counties of North Carolina which began July 1, 1945. 
Immediate past president of Southern Conference Retirement Offi- 
cials. Chairman Mitchell County Democratic Executive Committee, 
Philadelphia; member State Democratic Executive Committee, 
1933-1937. Delegate to 1936 National Democratic Convention in 
1933-1943; elected again in 1945 and at present a member of The 
State Democratic Executive Committee. Former member Board of 
Directors National Council on Teacher Retirement and Chairman 
Legislative Committee. Immediate past president. Southern Con- 
ference on Teacher Retirement. Chairman National Council on 
Teacher Retirement, a division of the National Education Associa- 
tion, State Director of Public Employees Social Security program 
fo}- cities, counties, and towns not covered by an existing retire- 
ment system. Board of Directors Raleigh United Fund. Pvt., Stu- 
dent Army Training Corps, 1918; Captain U. S. Army, December 
19, 1943 to October 7, 1945 with eighteen months overseas. At- 
tached to British 11th Armored Division for eight months; partici- 
pated in the invasion of Normandy, North France and Rhineland 
Campaigns. Attached to 3rd Army with headquarters in Munich 
in charge of Military Government Education program for Bavaria 
in the denazification of the German School System. Promoted to 
rank of major and now holds this commission in the Officer Reserve 
corps. Mason, member Raleigh Lodge 500. Member American 
Legion ; Veterans of Foreign Wars ; Raleigh Lions Club. Presby- 
terian; Deacon. Married Cerena Sue Polk on April 16, 1922. One 
daughter, Natalie. Address: 113 Lake Boone Trail, Raleigh, N. C. 



Senator W. Kerr Scott 



Bonner — First District 



Fountain- Second District 



Barden — Third District 



Cooley — Fourth District 



Scott— Fifth District 



Durham — Sixth District 




UNITED STATES SENATORS 

SAM J. ERVIN, JR. 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr., Democrat, of Morganton, N. C; born at 
Morganton September 27, 1896, a son of Samuel James and Laura 
(Powe) Ervin; graduated from University of North Carolina with 
A.B. degree, 1917 and Harvard Law School with an LL.B. degree, 
1922; granted honorary LL.D. degrees by University of North 
Carolina, 1951 and by Western Carolina College, 1955; served in 
Fi'ance with First Division in First World War; twice wounded in 
battle, twice cited for gallantry in action and awarded French 
Fourragere, Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, Silver Star and 
Distinguished Service Cross; admitted to North Carolina Bar, 
1919; practiced law at Morganton from 1922 until present, ex- 
cept during service on the bench; Representative from Burke 
County in the North Carolina General Assembly, 1923, 1925, 1931; 
Chairman Burke County Democratic Executive Committee, 1924; 
member North Carolina State Democratic Executive Committee, 
1930-1937; Judge, Burke County Criminal Court, 1935-1937; Judge, 
North Carolina Superior Court, 1937-1943; member North Caro- 
lina State Board of Law Examiners, 1944-1946; Representative 
from the Tenth North Carolina District in 79th Congress, 1946- 
1947; Chairman, North Carolina Commission for the Improve- 
ment of the Administration of Justice, 1947-1949; Associate 
Justice, North Carolina Supreme Court, from February 3, 1948 
until June 11, 1954, when he qualified as a United States Sen- 
ator from North Carolina under appointment of Governor Wil- 
liam B. Umstead as successor to the late Clyde R. Hoey; elected 
to the Senate at the general election on November 2, 1954, for a 
term expiring on January 3, 1957; re-elected to Senate at General 
Election of November 3, 1956, for a term expiring on January 3, 
1963. Trustee, Morganton Graded Schools (1927-1930), University 
of North Carolina (1932-1935, 1945-1946), and Davidson College 
(1948-1955) ; member American Bar Association, American Judi- 
cature Society, North Carolina Bar Association, North Carolina 
State Bar, American Legion, Army and Navy Legion of Valor, 
Disabled American Veterans, Society of the First Division, Vet- 



426 North Carolina Manual 

erans of Foreign Wars, Knights Templar, Scottish Rite Masons, 
Junior Order, Knights of Pythias, American Historical Associa- 
tion, North Carolina Society for the Preservation of Antiquities, 
North Carolina Society of Mayflower Descendants, South Caro- 
lina Historical Society, Southern Historical Association, State 
Literary and Historical Association, Western North Carolina 
Historical Association, Morganton Kiwanis Club, General Alumni 
Association of the University of North Carolina (President, 1947- 
1948). Presbyterian. Married Margaret Bruce Bell of Concord, 
North Carolina, June 18, 1924; three children: Sam J. Ervin, III, 
Margaret Leslie Ervin, and Laura Powe Ervin. Address: Mor- 
ganton, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 427 

WILLIAM KERR SCOTT 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

William Kerr Scott, Democrat, was born at Haw River, Ala- 
mance County, on April 17, 1896. Son of R. W. and Elizabeth 
Hughes Scott. Attended Hawfields Graded School, 1902-1908; 
Hawfields High School 1909-1913; N. C. State College 1913-1917; 
B.S. degree in Agriculture, honor student and athlete. Farmer 
and dairyman. Emergency Food Production Agent, U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, 1917; Private Field Artillery, 1918; Ala- 
mance County Farm Agent, 1920-30; Master North Carolina State 
Grange, 1930-33; Regional Director, Farm Debt Adjustment Pro- 
gram of Resettlement Administration, 1934-36; State Commis- 
sioner of Agriculture 1936. Reelected 1940, 1944. Resigned Febru- 
ary 14, 1948, to become candidate for Governor. Elected Governor 
November 2, 1948. Elected to the United States Senate, November 
2, 1954. Member American Jersey Cattle Club; N. C. Jersey Cattle 
Club (President) ; N. C. Rural Electrification Authority and first 
North Carolinian to make public address advocating rural electri- 
fication (Statesville in 1930) ; N. C. Dairy Association (President) ; 
State Farmers Convention (President) 1934; N. C. Cotton Growers 
Cooperative Association (Advisory Board) ; Walter B. Ellis Post 
No. 63 American Legion, Burlington; Originator Tobacco Advisory 
Council; Tobacco Advisory Board (Chairman 1945) ; National 
Association of Commissioners, Secretaries and Commissioners of 
Agriculture (President 1947) ; National Advisory Committee of 
Agricultural Research and Marketing 1946-1948; Special Com- 
mission to Mexico to study Hoof and Mouth Disease 1947. Re- 
ceived Progressive Farmer award "Man of the Year" as N. C. 
Agricultural Leader in 1937. Junior Order American Mechanics. 
Hawfields Presbyterian Church (Deacon 1920-32, Elder 1933-48). 
Married Mary Elizabeth White of Hawfields, July 2, 1919. Three 
children: Osborne W., Haw River; Mary Kerr (Mrs. A. J. Louder- 
milk), Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio; Robert W., Haw River. Address: 
Haw River, N. C. 



428 North Carolina Manual 

REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

HERBERT COVINGTON BONNER 

(First District — Counties: Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Curri- 
tuck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perqui- 
mans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Washington. Population 247,894.) 

Herbert Covington Bonner, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C. Son of Macon Herbert and Hannah Selby (Hare) Bonner. 
Attended Public and Private Schools, Washington, N. C; Warren- 
ton High School 1906-1909. Farmer. Sergeant Co. I, 322nd In- 
fantry, 81st Division World War I. Attended Officers Training 
School, Longres, France, after Armistice. Commander Beaufort 
County Post 1922, and District Commander American Legion, 
N. C. Dept., 1940. Elected to Seventy-sixth Congress from the 
First Congressional District, November 1940, to succeed Lindsay 
C. Warren, resigned. Re-elected to Seventy-seventh, Seventy- 
eighth, Seventy-ninth, Eightieth, Eighty-first, Eighty-second, 
Eighty-third, Eighty-fourth, and Eighty-fifth Congresses. Episco- 
palian, Mason, Shriner, Elk and Legionnaire. Married Mrs. Eva 
Hassell Hackney, August 2, 1924. Address: Washington, N. C. 

LAWRENCE H. FOUNTAIN 

(Second District— Counties : Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Hali- 
fax, Lenoir, Northampton, Warren and Wilson. Population, 
306,904.) 

Lawrence H. Fountain, Democrat, was born in the village of 
Leggett, Edgecombe County, North Carolina, April 23, 1913. Son 
of Sallie (Barnes) and the late Lawrence H. Fountain. Educated 
in the public schools of Edgecombe County and at the University 
of North Carolina, A.B. and LL.B degrees. Active attorney-at- 
law from 1936 until elected to Congress. Member local, state and 
national Bar Associations; Kiwanis and Moose Clubs; Executive 
Committee East Carolina Council Boy Scouts of America; Board 
of Trustees, Consolidated Presbyterian College, Laurinburg, N. C; 
former JAYCEE; Director home chapter American Red Cross; 
Reading Clerk North Carolina State Senate, 1936-1941; North 
Carolina State Senator, 1947-1952. World War II veteran of four 
years service. Elected to 83rd Congress; re-elected to 84th and 



Biographical Sketches 429 

85th Congresses; Chairman, Intergovernmental Relations Sub- 
committee of Committee on Government Operations, 84th and 85th 
Congresses. Presbyterian; Elder. Married Christine Dail of Mount 
Olive, N. C. Address: Tarboro, N. C. 

GRAHAM A. BARDEN 

(Third District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, 
Onslow, Pamlico, Pender, Sampson, and Wayne. Population 
308,470.) 

Graham Arthur Barden, Democrat, was born in Sampson County, 
N. C, September 25, 1896. Son of James Jefferson and Mary Rob- 
inson (James) Barden. Attended Burgaw High School; University 
of North Carolina, LL.B. degree. Attorney-at-law. Member of 
Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Sigma Chi Fraternity. Member 
Sudan Shrine; Doric Masonic Lodge; Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks ; American Legion ; Master of Doric Lodge 1928 ; 
Exalted Ruler of the Elks Lodge; Commander of the American 
Legion. Served in the United States Navy during World War I. 
Judge of Craven County Court. Representative from Craven 
County to General Assembly 19.33. Elected to the Seventy-fourth 
Congress, the Seventy-fifth Congress, the Seventy-sixth Congress, 
the Seventy-seventh Congress; the Seventy-eighth Congress, the 
Seventy-ninth Congress, the Eightieth Congress, the Eighty-first 
Congress, the Eighty-second Congress, the Eighty-third Congress, 
the Eighty-fourth Congress, and the Eighty-fifth Congress. Pres- 
byterian; Deacon of First Presbyterian Church, New Bern. Mar- 
ried Agnes Foy; two children, Graham A., Jr., and Agnes Bar- 
den Sabiston. Address: New Bern, N, C. 

HAROLD D. COOLEY 

(Fourth District — Counties: Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, Nash, 
Randolph, Vance, and Wake. Population, 401,913.) 

Harold Dunbar Cooley, Democrat, of Nashville, N. C, son of 
the late R. A. P. Cooley and Hattie Davis Cooley; born July 26, 
1897; attended the public schools of Nash County, the University 
of North Carolina, and the law school of Yale University; licensed 
to practice law in February, 1918; served in the Naval Aviation 



430 North Carolina Manual 

Flying Corps during World War I; presidential elector in 1932; 
President, Nash County Bar Association, 1933; member of Junior 
Order United American Mechanics, Phi Delta Theta fraternity, and 
Phi Delta Phi national law fraternity; member of Baptist Church; 
married Madeline Strickland in 1923, and is father of two chil- 
dren, a son, Roger A. P. Cooley, II, and a daughter, Hattie Davis 
Cooley Lawrence. Elected to Seventy-third Congress, July 7, 
1934; re-elected to the Seventy-fourth Congress, November 6, 
1934, and to each succeeding Congress. Chairman, House Com- 
mittee on Agriculture, Eighty-first, Eighty-second and Eighty- 
fourth Congresses. Member Executive Committee and Council 
of Interparliamentary Union and Vice-President of the Ameri- 
can Group. Address: Nashville, N. C. 

RALPH JAMES SCOTT 

(Fifth District — Counties: Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, 
Rockingham, Stokes and Surry. Population, 355,088.) 

Ralph James Scott, Democrat, was born in Surry County, 
October 15, 1905. Son of Samual M. and Daisy M. (Cook) Scott. 
Attended Pinnacle High School, graduating in 1925; Wake Forest 
College, LL.B., 1930. Lawyer. Member State and District Bar 
Associations. Representative in the General Assembly of 1937. 
Chairman Stokes County Democratic Executive Committee since 
1936. Elected Solicitor 21st District, 1938, 1942, 1946, 1950 and 
1954. Elected to 85th Congress, November 6, 1956. Mason, Shriner 
and Elk. Baptist. Married Verna Denny, November 30, 1929. Two 
children, Mrs. W. F. Southern of Walnut Cove, N. C, and Nancy 
Scott, Woman's College, UNC. Address: Danbury, N. C. 

CARL T. DURHAM 

(Sixth District — Counties: Alamance, Durham, Guilford and 
Orange. Population, 398,351.) 

Carl Thomas Durham, Democrat, was born at White Cross, 
Bingham Township, Orange County, N. C, August 28, 1892. Son 
of Claude P. and Delia Ann (Lloyd) Durham. Attended White 
Cross Graded School 1898 to 1908; Mandale High School 1909, 
1910, 1911 and 1912; University of North Carolina School of 



Biographical Sketches 431 

Pharmacy 1916 and 1917. Pharmacist Member N.C.P.A.; vice- 
president, N.C.P.A. Member Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen 1922 
to 1927; Chapel Hill School Board 1927 to 1938; Orange County 
Board of Commissioners 1933 to December 1, 1938. Elected to the 
76th Congress, 77th Congress, 78th Congress, 79th Congress, 80th 
Congress, 81st Congress, 82nd Congress, 83rd Congress, 84th 
Congress, and 85th Congress. Third ranking member of the House 
Armed Services Committee and Vice-Chairman 84th Congress Joint 
Committee on Atomic Energy. Married Margaret Joe Whitsett 
(now deceased), December 30, 1918. Five children: Mrs. Gregg 
Murray, Mrs. Joe Wall, Anne, Carl T., Jr., and Mrs. Bill D. 
Sessler. Address: Chapel Hill, N. C. 



ALTON ASA LENNON 

(Seventh District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, 
Cumberland, Harnett, New Hanover and Robeson. Population, 
394,214.) 

Alton Asa Lennon, Democrat, was born in Wilmington, N. C, 
August 17, 1906. Son of Rosser Y. and Minnie (High) Lennon. 
Attended New Hanover County Public Schools, 1913-1925; Wake 
Forest College, LL.B., 1929. Lawyer. Member New Hanover Bar 
Association; North Carolina Bar Association; State Bar, Inc. 
President, New Hanover County Bar Association, 1953-1954; 
Judge, New Hanover County Recorders Court, 1934-1942. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1947 and 1951. Served in the 
United States Senate from July 15, 1953 to November 29, 1954, 
by appointment of former Governor William B. Umstead. Elected 
to the 85th Congress in the General Election of November 6, 
1956. Member International Order of Odd Fellows; Loyal Order 
of Moose. Member of First Baptist Church of Wilmington, N. C. 
Married Karine Welch, October 12, 1933. Children: Mrs. Edna 
Lee Lennon Frost and Alton Yates Lennon. Address: Wilming- 
ton, N. C. 



senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr 



Lennon — Seventh District 



Kitchin— Eighth District 



Alexander — Ninth District 



Jonas — Tenth District 



Whitener — Eleventh District 



Shuford— Twelfth District 




Biographical Sketches 433 

ALVIN PAUL KITCHIN 

(Eighth District — Counties: Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, 
Lee, Montgomery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes and 
Yadkin. Population, 369,455.) 

Alvin Paul Kitchin, Democrat, w^as born in Scotland Neck, N. C, 
September 13, 1908. Son of Alvin Paul and Carrie Virginia (Law- 
rence) Kitchin. Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1923-1925; 
Wake Forest College, 1925-1930; Wake Forest College Law School. 
Lawyer. Worked with Federal Bureau of Investigation from 
January, 1933 to September, 1945. Elected to 85th Congress in 
the General Election of November 6, 1956. Member Kappa Alpha 
Southern; Masonic Lodge, Scottish Rite 14th Degree; Woodmen 
of the World; Rotary Club. Member, First Baptist Church of 
Wadesboro ; Deacon ; Teacher of Barracca Class. Married Dora 
Bennett Little, October 13, 1934. Children: A. Paul Kitchin, Jr., 
and Henry Little Kitchin. Address: Wadesboro, N. C. 



HUGH QUINCY ALEXANDER 

(Ninth District — Counties : Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Ca- 
barrus, Caldwell, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly and Watauga. Population 
338,907.) 

Hugh Quincy Alexander, Democrat, U. S. Representative, 9th 
N. C. District; was born in Glendon, N. C, August 7, 1911. Son 
of 0. S. and Mary Belle (Reynolds) Alexander. Attended Goldston 
Grammar School, 1918-1925; West Durham High School, 1925- 
1928; Durham High School, 1928-1929; Duke University, 1929- 
1932; University of North Carolina Law School, 1934-1937, LL.B. 
Lawyer. Member of the N. C. Bar Association ; Cabarrus County 
Bar. Shriner, Oasis Temple, President Cabarrus County Shrine 
Club, 1946; Member of Executive Club; Kannapolis Junior Cham- 
ber of Commerce; Cannon Memorial Y's Men's Club; Past Presi- 
dent of Interstate Y.M.C.A.; Young Men's Council N. C. and S. C; 
President Kannapolis Y. D. C. 1948; Beaver-Pittman Post Ameri- 
can Legion, Commander, 1946. State Commander of American 
Legion, 1950; Past Judge Advocate 12th District V. F. W.; Chair- 
man Public Affairs Committee of North Carolina Junior Cham- 
ber of Commerce 1949; Representative in the N. C. General As- 



434 North Carolina Manual 

sembly Sessions of 1947 and 1949. Solicitor Cabarrus County 
Court, 1950-1952; Member National American Legion Boy's State. 
Entered service as Ensign, U.S.N.R., June 19, 1942; discharged 
as Lieutenant, U.S.N.R., December 25, 1945. Elected to Eighty- 
third Congress, November 5, 1952; re-elected to Eighty-fourth 
Congress, November 2, 1954 and to Eighty-fifth Congress, 
November 6, 1956. Presbyterian. Married Myrtle Eliza- 
beth White, September 25, 1942. One daughter, Elizabeth Rippy 
Alexander, and three sons, Hugh Q, Alexander, Jr., Stephen 
Alexander, and William George Alexander. Address: 207 S. Main 
St., Kannapolis, N. C. 

CHARLES RAPER .JONAS 

(Tenth District — Counties: Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, 
Mecklenburg and Mitchell. Population, 360,318.) 

Charles Raper Jonas, Republican, of Lincolnton, N. C, was born 
in Lincoln County, N. C, December 9, 1904. Son of Charles An- 
drew and Rosa (Petrie) Jonas. Attended Lincolnton High School, 
1918-1921; University of North Carolina, A. B., 1925; University 
of North Carolina Law School, J.D., 1928. Attorney at law. 
Member Lincoln County, North Carolina and American Bar 
Associations. President North Carolina Bar Association, 1946- 
1947. Member North Carolina National Guard since December 
29, 1928; active duty in United States Army, 1941-1946, being 
discharged as Lieutenant-Colonel; at present Colonel, North Caro- 
lina National Guard. Elected to Congress from the Tenth North 
Carolina Congressional District, November 4, 1952; re-elected 
November 2, 1954, and November 6, 1956. Methodist. Married 
Annie Elliott Lee, August 14, 1929. Children: Charles Jonas, Jr., 
age 15; Richard Elliott Jonas, age 13. Address: Lincolnton, N. C. 

BASIL LEE WHITENER 

(Eleventh District — Counties: Cleveland, Gaston, Madison, Mc- 
Dowell, Polk, Rutherford, and Yancey. Population, 295,724.) 

Basil Lee Whitener, Democrat, was born in York County, S. C, 
May 14, 1915. Son of Laura Barrett Whitener and the late Levi 
Whitener. Attended the public schools of Gaston County, grad- 



Biographical Sketches 435 

uating from Lowell High School in 1931 ; Rutherford County 
College; University of South Carolina; Duke University, LL.B., 
1937. Admitted to North Carolina Bar in August of 1937 and 
immediately entered general practice in Gastonia. Member Ameri- 
can Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Gaston 
County Bar Association, President, 1950; American Judicature 
Society; General Statutes Commission, 1946; Commission to Study 
Improvement of Administration of Justice, 1947-1949; National 
Association of Claimants' Compensation Attorneys; Judicial Con- 
ference of Fourth Federal Judicial Circuit. Organizer and first 
President, Gastonia Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1938; Vice- 
President, N. C. Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1940-1941 ; Presi- 
dent, N. C. Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1941-1942; honorary 
life member of Gastonia Junior Chamber of Commerce. State 
President, Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina, 1946-1947; 
Permanent Chairman, Young Democratic National Convention at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., November, 1949; Chairman Speakers' Bureau, 
Young Democratic Clubs of America, 1948-1949; Chairman, Ad- 
visory Committee of Young Democratic Clubs of America, 1949- 
1951; Chairman, Board of Regional Directors of the Young 
Democratic Clubs of America, 1951. Delegate from the Eleventh 
Congressional District to 1948 Democratic National Convention in 
Philadelphia. Representative in the General Assembly of 1941 ; 
renominated in 1942 but resigned to enter the U. S. Navy. Served 
as a gunnery officer in U. S. Navy during World War II, being 
separated from service in November of 1945 with rank of Lieu- 
tenant, USNR. Appointed Solicitor 14th Solicitorial District in 
January of 1946; renominated in May of 1946 as Democratic 
candidate for Solicitor and elected in November, 1946; re-elected 
in 1950 and 1954. Elected to 85th Congress, November 6, 1956. 
Member Kiwanis Club, Elks Club; American Legion; Forty and 
Eight; V. F. W.; 32nd degree Mason; York and Scottish Rite 
Bodies; Shriner. Member, Main Street Methodist Church of Gas- 
tonia and now serving on the Official Board. Married Harriet 
Priscilla Morgan of Union, S. C, September 26, 1942. Three 
children: John Moi-gan Whitener, born October 25, 1945; Laura 
Lee Whitener, born August 15, 1950; Basil Lee Whitener, Jr., 
born October 16, 1952. Address: Gastonia, N. C. 



436 North Carolina Manual 

GEORGE ADAMS SHUFORD 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Gra- 
ham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain and Transyl- 
vania, Population, 284,691.) 

George Adams Shuford, Democrat, was born in Asheville, N. C, 
September 5, 1895. Son of George A. and Julia E. (Dean) Shu- 
ford. Attended Asheville public schools and graduated from Ashe- 
ville High School in 1913; attended University of North Carolina 
and thereafter the University of Georgia, receiving LL.B. degree 
at the latter university in 1917; admitted to the practice of law 
in the State of Georgia in 1917. Attended First Officer's Training 
Camp, Fort McPherson, Georgia, May, 1917 and commissioned 
2nd Lieutenant Infantry, August, 1917; thereafter in November, 
1917 was assigned to the 119th Infantry Regiment of the 30th 
Combat Division; commissioned First Lieutenant in January, 1918 
and served with the 19th Infantry Regiment in the United States 
and France until discharged at Camp Jackson in 1919. Licensed 
to practice law in the State of North Carolina following military 
service, August 1920. Member Buncombe County Bar Association, 
President in 1940; North Carolina State Bar Association; Chair- 
man Buncombe County Board of Elections, 1940-1942. Representa- 
tive from Buncombe County in the North Carolina General As- 
sembly of 1945 and 1947. Appointed Superior Court Judge for 
the State of North Carolina in the fall of 1947 and served as such 
until July, 1949. Elected to the Eighty-third, Eighty-Fourth and 
Eighty-Fifth Congi-esses. Member Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fratern- 
ity; thirty-second degree Mason and Shriner; Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. Episcopalian. Married Daphne Brown, April 23, 
1932. Children: Sydney Herbert Shuford, Elizabeth Dean Shuford, 
Fuller Adams Shuford. Address: Asheville, N. C. 



Chief Justice Winborne 



Justice Denny 



Justice Johnson 



Justice Parker 



Justice Bobbitt 



Justice Higgins 



Justice Rodman 




JUSTICES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA 

SUPREME COURT 

JOHN WALLACE WINBORNE 

CHIEF JUSTICE 

John Wallace Winborne was born in Chowan County, N. C, 
July 12, 1884. Son of Dr. Robert H. and Annie F. (Parker) Win- 
borne. Attended Horner Military School, Oxford, 1900-1902; A.B., 
University of North Carolina, 1906; LL.D., University of North 
Carolina, 1946. Married twice: first to Charlie May Blanton, 
March 30, 1910 who died November 4, 1940. To them two children 
were born : daughter, Charlotte Blanton now Mrs. Charles M. 
Shaffer, Chapel Hill, N. C, and a son, John Wallace, Jr., of 
Northampton, Mass. Second marriage to Mrs. Lalage Gates Rori- 
son, June 14, 1947. Taught Bingham Military School, Asheville, 
N. C, 1906-1907. Admitted to practice. North Carolina, 1906. 
Practiced, Marion, N. C, after 1907. Member firm of Pless and 
Winborne, 1907-1919; Pless, Winborne and Pless, 1919-1926; Pless, 
Winborne, Pless and Proctor, 1926-1927; Winborne and Proctor 
1928-1937. Member of Board of Aldermen, 1913-1921; Attorney, 
Marion and McDowell County, 1918-1937; Member local Selective 
Service Board during World War I. Chairman Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, McDowell County, 1910-1912; Member State Dem- 
ocratic Executive Committee, 1916-1937; Chairman, State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1932-1937. Member Local Govern- 
ment Commission of North Carolina, 1931-1933. Chairman N. C. 
Judicial Council, 1954. Delta Kappa Epsilon; Mason; Grand 
Master of Masons of North Carolina, 1931 ; Executive Club of 
Raleigh. Member North Carolina State Bar Association and 
American Bar Association. Honorary member of North Carolina 
Society of the Cincinnati; Honorary member Phi Delta Phi; 
Marion Kiwanis Club (president, 1923). Appointed by Governor 
Hoey Associate Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina, July 1, 
1937; elected for a term of eight years in November, 1938; re- 
elected for a term of eight years in November, 1946; re-elected for 
a term of eight years in November, 1954. Appointed Chief Justice 
by Governor Luther H. Hodges, to fill vacancy in the office, ef- 
fective August 21, 1956, and elected in November 1956 to fill out 
term expiring December 31, 1958. Home address: Marion, N. C. 
Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 439 

EMERY B. DENNY 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Emery Byrd Denny was born in Surry County, North Carolina, 
November 23, 1892. Son of Rev. Gabriel and Sarah Delphina 
(Stone) Denny. Attended public schools of Surry County, Gilliam 
Academy, and University of North Carolina. Honorary degree of 
LL.D. conferred by the University of North Carolina in 1946 and 
by Wake Forest College in 1947. Admitted to practice law, 1919. 
Member law firm of Denny & Gaston, 1919-1921, Mangum & Denny, 
1921-1930, practiced alone 1930-1942. Attorney for Gaston County, 
1927-1942, and North Carolina Railroad, 1937-1938; Mayor of 
Gastonia 1929-1937. Private, corporal, sergeant and master elec- 
trician in aviation section. Signal Corps, World War I. President, 
Gastonia Chamber of Commerce, 1925; Chairman, Gaston County 
Board of Elections, 1924-1926; Chairman, Gaston County Demo- 
cratic Executive Comm.ittee, 1926-1928; Chairman, State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1940-1942. President and director 
Ranlo Manufacturing Company, 1936-1941; Trustee, University 
of North Carolina, 1941-1943; Chairman, Board of Trustees of 
Gaston County Public Library, 1935-1942; Chairman, Board of 
Trustees of Garrison Memorial Hospital, 1934-1939; special counsel 
for the Governor during the General Assembly of 1941. Member 
Amei'ican Legion; Phi Delta Phi; Watauga Club; Holland Me- 
morial Lodge No. 668, A. F. & A. M.: Gastonia Chapter No. 66, 
Royal Arch Masons; Gastonia Commandery No. 28, Knights Tem- 
plar and St. Titus Conclave No. 72, Red Cross of Constantine. 
Baptist. Chairman, Judicial Council. Trustee, Noi-th Carolina 
Baptist Hospital, Winston-Salem, N. C. Trustee and member of 
Executive Committee of the Southeastern Baptist Theological 
Seminary, Wake Forest, N. C. Appointed Associate Justice Su- 
preme Court of North Carolina by Governor Broughton, Febru- 
ary 3, 1942, to succeed the late Associate Justice Heriot Clarkson. 
Elected to fill out the unexpired term and for a full eight-year 
term, November 3, 1942; re-elected for a term of eight years No- 
vember 7, 1950. Married Bessie Brandt Brown, Salisbury, N. C, 
December 27, 1922. Children, Emery B., Jr., Betty Brown, Sarah 
Catherine (now Mrs. Bailey P. Williamson of Raleigh), and Jeane 
Stone. Address: Raleigh, N. C. Home address: Gastonia, N. C. 



16 



440 North Carolina Manual 

JEFFERSON DEEMS JOHNSON, JR. 

associate justice 

Jefferson Deems Johnson, Jr., Democrat, was born in Garland, 
N. C, June 6, 1900. Son of Jefferson Deems and Mary Lily 
(Wright) Johnson. Attended Trinity Park School, Durham, N. C, 
1917-1918; A.B., Trinity College, 1923; graduated from Duke 
University Law School, 1926. Honorary degree of LL.D. conferred 
by the University of North Carolina in 1956. Entered practice of 
law in Clinton, fall of 1926. Appointed Special Superior Court 
Judge by Governor J. M. Broughton, 1941; reappointed in 1943, 
serving until June 1945. Resumed practice of law in Clinton. 
Was nominated by Democratic Executive Committee and elected 
in November 1950 to fill out unexpired term of Justice A. A. F. 
Seawell, deceased, of the Supreme Court of North Carolina; re- 
elected for a term of eight years November 4, 1952. Member North 
Carolina Bar Association. Town Attorney of Clinton, 1928-1941. 
State Senator from the Ninth Senatorial District in the General 
Assemblies of 1937 and 1941. Member of the Commission on Re- 
codification of statute law of the State, 1941-1943; former member 
State Board of Law Examiners. Member, Sigma Chi and Omicron 
Delta Kappa Fraternities. Private in World War L Past Com- 
mander of the Clinton Post of the American Legion. Methodist. 
Married Frances Faison, August 17, 1935. Children: Frances, age 
19; Mary Lily, age 17; Jeff D., Ill, age 15. Residence: Clinton, 
N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

ROBERT HUNT PARKER 

associate justice 

Robert Hunt Parker, Democrat, was born in Enfield, N. C, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1892. Son of R. B. and Victoria C. (Hunt) Parker. At- 
tended Enfield Graded School, graduating in 1908; University of 
North Carolina, 1908-1911; University of Virginia, 1911-1912, 
B.A.; University of Virginia Law School, 1912-1915, LL.B.; Wake 
Forest Law School, summer of 1914. Field Artillery officer in 
World War I with nearly seventeen months of service in France. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1923. Solicitor for the 
State Third Judicial District, February 23, 1924-September 24, 
1932; Judge Superior Court, September 24, 1932-November 25, 



Biographical Sketches 441 

1952; having been nominated and elected without opposition in 
1934, 1942 and 1950. Nominated in Democratic Primary of 1952 
for Associate Justice of the N. C. Supreme Court and elected No- 
vember 4, 1952, assuming office November 25, 1952. Member Amer- 
ican Legion; 40 «& 8; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Episcopalian. 
Married Mrs. Rie Williams Rand of Greensboro, N. C, November 
28, 1925. Home address: Roanoke Rapids, N. C. Official address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM HAYWOOD BOBBITT 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

William Haywood Bobbitt, Democrat, was born in Raleigh, N. C, 
October 18, 1900. Son of James Henry and Eliza May (Burkhead) 
Bobbitt. Attended graded schools of Baltimore, Md. ; Charlotte 
High School of Charlotte, N. C, 1913-1917; University of North 
Carolina, A.B., 1921; University of North Carolina School of 
Law, 1920-1921. Licensed to practice law January 30, 1922; asso- 
ciated with firm of Stewart & McRae until September 1, 1922; 
member of firm of Parker, Stewart, McRae & Bobbitt from Sep- 
tember 1, 1922 to October 1, 1925; member of firm of Stewart, 
McRae & Bobbitt from October 1, 1925 to October 1, 1930; mem- 
ber of firm of Stewart & Bobbitt from October 1, 1930 through 
December 31, 1938; admitted to practice in State Courts of North 
Carolina, United States District Court, United States Circuit 
Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit, and the Supreme Court of the 
United States. Member Mecklenburg County Bar Association; 
North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association; 
American Judicature Society. Received honorary LL.D. degree 
from Davidson College, 1953. Member N. C. Commission to study 
Improvement of Administration of Justice in N. C, 1947-1949; 
N. C. Judicial Council, 1949-1954; Past President and life mem- 
ber of Charlotte Civitan Club; Trustee of Brevard College, 1933- 
1952; President, General Alumni Association, University of North 
Carolina 1954-1955. Elected resident Superior Court Judge of the 
14th Judicial District in 1938 and again in 1946; served as Su- 
perior Court Judge continuously from January 1, 1939 thi'ough 
January, 1954; appointed by Governor William B. Umstead as 
Associate Justice, North Carolina Supreme Court, February 1, 
1954, and served under such appointment until 1954 General Elec- 



442 North Carolina Manual 

tion; elected without opposition in 1954 General Election to un- 
expired portion of term of former Associate Justice Barnhill and 
for full eig'ht-year term beginning January 1, 1955. Member Dil- 
worth Methodist Church, Charlotte, N. C; Married Sarah Buford 
Dunlap, February 28, 1924. Children: Mrs. John W. Carter, Mor- 
ganton, N. C; Wm. H. Bobbitt, Jr., Charlotte, N. C; Mrs. 
Ekkehart Sachtler, Forest Hills, N. Y.; Harriet Bobbitt, Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C. Home address: Char- 
lotte, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

CARLISLE WALLACE HIGGINS 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Carlisle Wallace Higgins, Democrat, was born at Ennice, N. C, 
October 17, 1889. Son of Martin A. and Jennie C. (Bledsoe) Hig- 
gins. Attended Bridle Creek Academy, Independence, Va., 1905- 
1908; University of North Carolina, A.B., 1912; University of 
North Carolina Law School, 1913-1914. Member North Carolina 
Bar Association; Forsyth County Bar Association; North Caro- 
lina State Bar. Solicitor, Eleventh Judicial District, 1930-1934; 
United States Attorney, Middle District of North Carolina, 1934- 
1947; Assistant Chief and Acting Chief International Prosecution 
Section, International Military Tribunal, Tokyo, 1945-1947. Repre- 
sentative from Alleghany County in the General Assembly of 1925 
and State Senator from the Twenty-ninth Senatorial District in 
the General Assembly of 1929. Appointed Associate Justice 
Supreme Court of North Carolina by Governor Umstead, June 8, 
1954 to succeed Sam J. Ervin, Jr. Member Masonic Lodge; Ameri- 
can Legion; Forty and Eight. Methodist. Married Myrtle Bryant. 
Children: C. W. Higgins, Jr., Galax, Virginia; Mrs. Mary Cecile 
Bridges, Greensboro, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM BLOUNT RODMAN 

associate justice 

William Blount Rodman, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C, July 2, 1889. Son of Col. William Blount Rodman and 
Addie (Fulford) Rodman. Attended Horner's Military Academy; 
Oak Ridge Institute; A. B., University of North Carolina, 1910; 
University of North Carolina Law School. Licensed to practice, 



Biographical Sketches 443 

1911. Member law firm Small, MacLean, Bragaw and Rodman and 
subsequently of Rodman and Rodman. President of the North 
Carolina State Bar, 1941. Lieutenant U. S. Navy (R) duration of 
World War I. Mayor of Washington, N. C, 1919-1920. State 
Senator from the Second Senatorial District, 1937 and 1939. Rep- 
resentative from Beaufort County in the General Assembly of 
1951, 1953 and 1955. Appointed Attorney General of N. C, July 

1955. Appointed Associate Justice N. C. Supreme Court, August 

1956. Married Helen Farnell, August 17, 1918. Five children: 
Commander William Blount Rodman 4th, U. S. Navy; Mary 
Helen, wife of Commander John C. Hill 2nd, U. S. Navy; Marcia, 
wife of Major George E. Lawrence, U.S.M.C; twin sons, George 
Farnell Rodman, Foreign Service, U. S. State Dept., and Edward 
Newton Rodman, lawyer, Washington, N. C. Official address: 
Raleigh, N. C. Home address: Washington, N. C. 



Luther Ernest Earnhardt 
President of the Senate 



Aydlett of Pasquotank 
Bell of Mecklenburg 
Bennett of Swain 



Carroll of Cumberland 
Clark of Bladen 
Cobb of Burke 



Cooke of Gaston 

Copeland of Hertford 
Cowen of Martin 



Crew of Halifax 
Currie of Durham 
Dawson of Lenoir 



Eagles of Wilson 
Eller of Wilkes 
Gentry of Ashe 




Biographical Sketches 445 

MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

SENATORS 

LUTHER ERNEST EARNHARDT 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR AND PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE 

Luther Ernest Earnhardt, Democrat, was born at Concord, 
N. C, November 29, 1903. Son of George Thomas and Lillie 
Virginia (Faggart) Earnhardt. Graduated from Concord High 
School, May, 1921; LL.E. Wake Forest College, May, 1925. Law- 
yer. Member Cabarrus County Ear Association, President, 1942; 
member State Bar and American Ear Associations. Chairman 
Cabarrus County Board of Elections, 1933-1944. Pi Kappa Alpha 
National Fraternity (Wake Forest College) ; Charter member 
Golden Bough, Wake Forest College; Omicron Delta Kappa, Beta 
Alpha Circle, National Honor Society, Wake Forest College; Sec- 
retary Student Body, Wake Forest College. Member Rotary Inter- 
national. Trustee Concord Community Center, 1940-1941; Trustee 
Public Library, 1943-1949. Member General Statutes Commission, 
1945-1953; Director Concord Chamber of Commerce, 1949-1951; 
National Counsellor, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 1947-1950; 
Past Vice-President and Director Concord Community Boys' Club, 
Inc. State Senator in the General Assembly, 1945, 1947, 1949, 
1951, 1953 and 1955; President, 1955. Methodist; Member Board 
of Stewards; Teacher Adult Bible Class. Married Burvelle Mc- 
Farland, June 3, 1930. Four children: Luther Ernest, Jr.; Phoebe 
Jean; John McFarland; Ann Drucilla Earnhardt. Address: Con- 
cord, N. C. 

N. ELTON AYDLETT 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford. Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

N. Elton Aydlett, Democrat, Senator from the First Senatorial 
District, was born at Harbinger, Currituck County, N. C. Son 
of N. T. and Lydia (Duncan) Aydlett. Attended University of 
North Carolina, Class of 1925; University of North Carolina 
Law School, LL.E., 1926. Lawyer. Member of North Caro- 
lina State Bar. Clerk Superior Court and Juvenile Judge of 
Pasquotank County, 1928-1946; Chairman Pasquotank County 



446 North Carolina Manual 

Democratic Executive Committee, 1943-1954; member State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1950-1954; Mayor Elizabeth City, 
1951-1955. Director and General Counsel Kill Devil Hills Memorial 
Society; Director N. C. League of Municipalities; President 
Elizabeth City Chamber of Commerce, 1948-1951 ; Past President 
and Director Elizabeth City Kiwanis Club; Past President Eliza- 
beth City Concert Association. Member Lambda Chi Alpha Social 
Fraternity; Phi Alpha Delta Legal Fraternity; B.P.O. Elks; Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. State Senator in the General Assembly 
of 1955. Baptist. Married Pantha L. Houser, June 6, 1928. One 
daughter, Mrs. Robert D. Aldridge, age 25. Address: 1006 West 
Church Street, Elizabeth City, N. C. 

JESSE SPENCER HELL 

(TiventictJi Disttict — County: Mecklenburg. One Senator.) 

Jesse Spencer Bell, Democrat, Senator from the Twentieth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Charlotte, N. C, April 1, 1906. Son 
of James A. and Jessie M. (Spencer) Bell. Attended Charlotte 
Public Schools and Charlotte High School; Duke University, A.B., 
1927; Harvard Law School, 1928-1929; University of Noi-th Caro- 
lina Law School, 1930. Lawyer and farmer. Member Mecklenburg 
County Bar Association; N. C. Bar Association, President, 1952- 
1956; American Bar Association. Chairman Charlotte-Mecklen- 
burg Planning Commission; President Social Planning Council. 
Selected by Charlotte News as Charlotte Man of the Year, 1955. 
Member Sigma Chi Fraternity. Served in World War II as Major 
in Field Artillery, 1941-1946. Methodist; member of Official Board, 
First Methodist Church of Charlotte, N. C. Married Katherine 
Castellet, May 8, 1953. Address: Route 1, Matthews, N. C. 

KELLY EDMONI) BENNETT 

(Thiyfij-thiid District — Counties: Cherokee, Clay, Graham, 
Macon, and Swain. One Senator.) 

Kelly Edmond Bennett, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty- 
third Senatorial District, was born near Qualla Indian Reservation 
in Jackson County, February 8, 1890. Son of Dr. Aurelius Mc- 
Donald and Mary Charlotte (Hyatt) Bennett. Attended Bryson 



Biographical Sketches 447 

City Grammar School, 1897-1904, 1905-1906; Orange Street School 
of Asheville, 1904-1905; Bryson City High School, 1906-1910; 
University of North Carolina; University of North Carolina 
School of Pharmacy, 1910-1912, Ph.G. Pharmacist. Member Amer- 
ican Pharmaceutical Association; National Association of Retail 
Diuggists; North Carolina Pharmaceutical Association; Western 
North Carolina Drug Club; North Carolina Board of Pharmacy, 
1920-1925; National Association Boards of Pharmacy; host to the 
organization meeting of Western North Carolina Associated Com- 
munities and served as Vice-President, also member of Board of 
Directors, 1945-1954; one of the founders and trustee Cherokee 
Historical Association "Unto These Hills," 1948-1954; member 
North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control, 1947-1953; Bryson 
City School Board, 1914-1934; National Foundation for Infantile 
Paralysis and Chairman Swain County Chapter, 1942-1954; Wil- 
derness Society; North Carolina State Automobile Association, 
Inc.; President and member Board of Directors Swain County 
Chamber of Commerce for five years; charter member and Presi- 
dent Bryson City Rotary Club, 1933-1954; Chairman United 
States Bond sales, 1941-1954; associate member Soil Conservation 
Society of America ; honorary member Association of Law En- 
forcement Officers of the Carolinas ; permanent contributing mem- 
ber Shriners Crippled Children ; member Board of Directors of 
Morrison Training School, 1920-1926. Colonel on the staff of the 
Governor of Kentucky. Received North Carolina Pharmaceutical 
Association Award "Pharmacist of Year," 1954; National Foun- 
dation for Infantile Paralysis Award for Meritorious Service, 
1954; United States Treasury Award for achievement in the 
United States Savings Bonds Program; President Dwight D. 
Eisenhower Achievement Award for patriotic service in the United 
States Savings Bonds Program ; North Carolina Pharmaceutical 
Association Award in Recognition of Exceptional Meritorius Serv- 
ice to the Advancement of Public Health and Welfare, 1954. Rotary 
International Governor, District 280, 1955-1956; member Board 
of Aldermen of Bryson City, 1914-1918; Chief Clerk Swain County 
Local Draft Board; Mayor Town of Bryson City, 1924-1926, 1947- 
1955; Chairman Swain County Democratic Executive Committee, 
1929-1931 ; member and Chairman North Carolina National Park, 
Parkway and Forest Development Commission, 1947-1955. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1917, 1931 and 1937. Repre- 



448 North Carolina Manual 

sentative from Swain County in the General Assembly of 1955. 
Member Oconee Lodge No. 427 Ancient Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, Worshipful Master; Bryson City Chapter No. 63 Royal 
Arch Masons, High Priest; Doric Council No. 20 Royal and Select 
Masters; Waynesville Commandery No. 31 Knights Templar; 
Asheville Consistory Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite 32 de- 
gree; Knights Commander Court of Honor; Oasis Temple; An- 
cient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; Tucka- 
seegee Chapter No. 16 Order of the Eastern Star, Worthy Patron; 
District Deputy Grand Master Ancient Free and Accepted Masons 
of North Carolina, 1933. Presbyterian; Deacon and Elder; Super- 
intendent Sunday School, 1909-1910; member Home Mission Com- 
mittee of Asheville Presbytery, 1922-1926; Moderator of Asheville 
Presbytery, 1956. Married Ola Tela Zachary, December 30, 1913. 
Children: Mrs. Mary Alice Greyer, Mrs. Sam J. Coleman and Mrs. 
William J. Swan. Address: 108 Everett Street, Bryson City, N. C. 



SEAVY ALEXANDER WESLEY CARROLL 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Seavy Alexander Wesley Carroll, Democrat, Senator from the 
Tenth Senatorial District, was born in Lumberton, N. C, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1918. Son of Samuel Willard and Berta (Butler) Carroll. 
Attended Wake Forest College, B. A., 1940; Wake Forest Law 
School, LL.B., 1946. Lawyer. Member Cumberland County Bar 
Association; North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina 
Bar; American Bar Association. Solicitor Cumberland County 
Recorder's Court, 1948-1952; Judge Cumberland County Record- 
er's Court, 1952-1956. Member Ancient Mystical Order of Rosa- 
crucians; Independent Order of Odd Fellows; Fayetteville Inde- 
pendent Light Infantry; Fayetteville Civitan Club, President, 
1953; American Legion; Cumberland County Veterans of Foreign 
Wars, Commander, 1948; State Legislative Chairman Veterans of 
Foreign Wars, 1949. Served in U. S. Army, 1942-1945. Methodist; 
Steward, 1954-1956. Married Virginia Brooks Corbett, November 
16, 1956. Address: 105 Olive Road, Fayetteville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 449 

EDWARD BREEDEN CLARK 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Edward Breeden Clark, Democrat, Senator from the Tenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Abbottsburg, N. C, January 29, 
1916. Son of Hector H. and Olive (Breeden) Clark. Attended 
Elizabethtown Public Schools, 1921-1932; University of North 
Carolina, B.S., 1936; University of North Carolina Law School, 
LL.B., 1939. Lawyer. Member Bladen County Bar Association; 
13th Judicial District Bar Association; North Carolina Bar As- 
sociation ; American Bar Association ; Council of North Carolina 
State Bar since 1954; President Ninth Judicial Bar Association, 
1954-1955; President Elizabethtown Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
1949; President Elizabethtown Chamber of Commerce, 1948; 
Chairman North Bladen Chapter American Red Cross, 1948-1954. 
Judge Bladen County Recorder's Court, 1945-1950 and Solicitor, 
1950-1952. Chairman, 7th Congressional District YDC, 1950. Mem- 
ber Bladen Lodge No. 646 Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons. 
Entered United States Army in March of 1942; commissioned 2nd 
Lieutenant of Infantry in October, 1942; served as officer in rifle 
company with 36th Infantry Division in Italy; wounded and re- 
turned to United States in April, 1944 and transferred to Judge 
Advocate General Department; discharged as Captain, October, 
1946. Methodist; member Official Board; Teacher Young Men's 
Bible Class, 1950-1955; Church School Superintendent, 1955-1956. 
Married Adele Peele, Laurinburg, N. C, December 20, 1942. Chil- 
dren: John Hector, age 10; Edward, Jr., age 9; Ben, age 6. 
Address: Elizabethtown, N. C. 



WILLIAM EDWARD COBB 

(Twenty-eighth District — Counties: Alexander, Burke and Cald- 
well. One Senator.) 

William Edward Cobb, Republican, Senator from the Twenty- 
eighth Senatorial District, was born in New York, N. Y., October 
9, 1922. Son of William Jesse and Elsie Francis (Jones) Cobb. 
Attended Andover, 1938-1940; Yale University, A.B., 1947. Whole- 
saler of hardwood lumber. Author of "Air Facts" in National 



450 North Carolina Manual 

Hardwood Magazine. First Lieutenant, United States Marine 
Corps, 1942-1945. Member Elks Club; Moose Club; Kiwanis Club; 
American Legion; Junior Chamber of Commerce. Episcopalian; 
Vestryman. Married Mildred Cochran Huffman, June, 1943. Ad- 
dress: Morganton, N. C. 

FRANK PATTON COOKE 

(Twenty-Sixth District — County: Gaston. One Senator.) 

Frank Patton Cooke, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-Sixth 
Senatorial District, was born in Floyd County, Georgia, January 
17, 1921. Son of Caric Moore and Florence Hearn Cooke. Attended 
Cramerton High School, 1934-1938; Emory University, 1939; 
University of Georgia Extension in Atlanta, 1940-1943, BCS de- 
gree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1946-1948, LL.B. 
degree. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association ; North Caro- 
lina State Bar Association; Gaston County Bar Association; 
Alpha Kappa Psi; Phi Alpha Delta; Sigma Pi. Served as Sergeant 
United States Army Air Force, 1943-1946. State Senator in the 
General Assembly of 1955. Member First Presbyterian Church of 
Gastonia; Member Board of Deacons First Presbyterian Church 
of Gastonia ; former Chairman Board of Deacons of Cramerton 
Presbyterian Church. Married Dorothy Irene Carlton, April 6, 
1940. One son, three daughters. Address: 2008 Country Club Road, 
Gastonia, N. C. 

JAMES WILLIAM COPELAND 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

James William Copeland, Democrat, Senator from the First 
Senatorial District, was born in Woodland, N. C, June 16, 1914. 
Son of L. C. and Nora L. (Benthall) Copeland. Attended Wood- 
land-Olney High School, graduating in 1930. Guilford College, 
A.B. degree, 1934; University of North Carolina Law School, 
J. D. degree, 1937. Lawyer and farmer. Member of Hertford 
County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Member 
of Council, N. C. State Bar, Inc., 1955-1957. Murfreesboro Rotary 
Club; American Legion; V. F. W.; Mayor of Woodland, 1940-1942, 



Biographical Sketches 451 

Chairman of Northampton County Board of Elections, 1939-1942. 
Mayor of Murfreesboro, 1947-1950. Chairman of Hertford County 
Board of Elections, 1946-1949. Member American George Lodge 
No. 17, A.F. & A.M., Murfreesboro, N. C; Sudan Temple, 
A.A.O.N.M.S., New Bern, N. C. Assistant Editor, North Carolina 
Law Review, 1936-1937. Delegate to 1956 Democratic National 
Convention; Lieutenant, U. S. Navy, 1942-1946; presently a mem- 
ber of the U. S. Naval Reserve with rank of Lieutenant. State 
Senator in General Assembly of 1951 and 1953. Baptist. Married 
Nancy Hall Sawyer, October 11, 1941. Two children: Emily Robin- 
son Copeland, age 11; James William Copeland, Jr., age 5. Ad- 
dress: Murfreesboro, N, C. 



ROBERT HENRY COWEN 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Robert Henry Cowen, Democrat, Senator from the Second Sena- 
torial District, was born in Williamston, N. C, January 16, 1915. 
Son of Henry Herbert and Jenette (Mobley) Cowen. Attended 
Williamston Public Schools, graduating in 1932; Wake Forest 
College, 1934-1939; Wake Forest College Law School, 1939-1942, 
LL.B. degree. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; North 
Carolina Bar Association; Martin County Bar Association. Mayor 
Town of Williamston, 1947-1957; President Martin County Young 
Democrat Clubs, 1952-1955; Chairman Wasmarty District Boy 
Scouts of America, 1956-1957. Member Beaufort-Hyde-Martin 
Library Board, 1951-1952; Martin County Board of Health, 1947- 
1957; Board of Directors N. C. League of Municipalities 1948- 
1949; Williamston Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1947-1950 and 
Board of Directors, 1948-1949. Rotarian ; President of Rotary 
Club, 1953 and member Board of Directors, 1951-1952. Served in 
World War II as Ensign in U. S. Navy. Baptist; Sunday School 
Teacher; Superintendent Young People's Department. Married 
Sue Henderson, August 6, 1953. One son, Robert H. Cowen, Jr., 
born May 31, 1954. Address: 111 Elm Street, Williamston, N. C. 



452 North Carolina Manual 

WILLIAM LUNSFORD CREW 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two 
Senators.) 

William Lunsford Crew, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Northampton County, October 
29, 1917. Son of James Winfield, Sr. and Texas A. (Stanley) 
Crew. Attended Pleasant Hill Grammar School, 1923-1930; Roa- 
noke Rapids High School, 1930-1934; University of North Caro- 
lina, A. B., 1938; University of North Carolina Law School, 
LL.B., 1941. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association and 
North Carolina Bar Association. Organize!*, Director and At- 
torney for First Federal Savings and Loan Association of Roa- 
noke Rapids. Member of N. C. Education Advisory Committee. 
Member Phi Gamma Delta, Secretary, 1938; Civic Music Club; 
Roanoke Rapids Chamber of Commerce; Roanoke Rapids Junior 
Chamber of Commerce, President, 1949 ; Roanoke Rapids Exchange 
Club, President, 1948-1949 and at present District Governor; 
American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Roanoke Rapids 
Civic Music Association, President; Roanoke Rapids Executive 
Club. Lieutenant (j.g.) United States Navy from July 1943 to 
April, 1946. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1953 and 
1955. Methodist; Sunday School Teacher, 1947-1952. Married 
Nancy Trotter Horney, November 14, 1940. Children: William 
Lunsford Crew, Jr., age 8, Nancy Alexander Crew, age 14. Ad- 
dress: Roanoke Rapids, N. C. 

CLAUDE CURRIE 

(Fourteenth District — Counties: Durham, Granville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

Claude Currie, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Candor, Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 8, 1890. Son of John C. and Louise (McKinnon) Currie. 
Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1911-1914; University of 
North Carolina, A.B. and LL.B., 1926. President Security Savings 
and Loan Association. State Senator, Eighteenth Senatorial Dis- 
trict, 1927; Fourteenth Senatorial District 1945, 1947, 1949, 1953 
and 1955. United States Army Air Corps, 1917-1919; Pursuit 
Observer, Sgt. Presbyterian. Address: Durham, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 453 

JOHN GILMER DAWSON 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

John Gilmer Dawson, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Lenoir County, N. C, April 19, 
1882. Son of John H. and Annie (Daly) Dawson. Attended Guyers 
Male Academy, LaGrange, N. C. ; Kinston Public Schools; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Law School. Admitted to the North 
Carolina Bar in 1908. Lawyer. Member Lenoir County Bar Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina State 
Bar; American Bar Association; American Judicature Society. 
Kinston City Attorney, 1914-1924; former Chairman State 
Democratic Executive Committee. Member Kappa Sigma Fra- 
ternity; Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks; Odd Fellows. 
Formerly active in Masonic Order including all branches through 
Shrine. Representative in the General Assembly of 1919, 1921 
and 1923; Speaker of House of Representatives, 1923-1924. Episco- 
palian; former Vestryman. Married Margaret Regina Weyher, 
November 23, 1911. Children: Victor Weyher Dawson and Ann 
Dawson Highsmith. Address: 907 Dewey Street, Kinston, N. C. 

JOSEPH COLIN EAGLES, JR. 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

Joseph Colin Eagles, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Sixth 
Senatorial District, was born at Wilson, N. C, October 5, 1910. 
Son of J. C. and Susie Whitehead (Moye) Eagles. Graduated 
from Wilson High School, 1927; University of North Carolina, 
A. B., 1931; University of North Carolina Law School, J. D., 
1934; Tobacconist and farmer. Member of Kappa Sigma and 
Phi Beta Kappa Fraternities. Partner in Cozart, Eagles & Com- 
pany, Tobacco Warehouses; Director Boykin Grocery Company, 
Inc. ; Director Watson Warehouse, Inc. ; Director North Carolina 
Medical Foundation; Director Branch Banking & Trust Co.; Di- 
rector General Supply Store, Inc.; Director North Carolina Here- 
ford Breeders Association; Director N. C. Symphony Society. 
Member Farm Bureau; Grange; Board of Governors Bright Belt 
Warehouse Association. Trustee Hospital Savings Association. 



454 North Carolina Manual 

Lieutenant U. S. Navy, 1944-1946. Member Advisory Budget Com- 
mission, 1955-1956 and Board of Purchase and Award, 1955-1956. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949, 1951 and 1955. 
Episcopalian; Vestryman, 1943-1944. Married Betty Ledford 
Spai'kes, 1938. Two children: Betsy Boyden Eagles and Joseph 
Colin Eagles, III. Address: 1100 West Nash Street, Wilson, N. C. 

HENRY PRITCHARU ELLER 

(Tweyitij- fourth District — Counties: Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin. 
One Senator.) 

Henry Pritchard Eller, Republican, Senator from the Twenty- 
fourth Senatorial District, was born in Purlear, N. C, on October 
15, 1904. Son of Robert Lee and Flora (Minton) Eller. Attended 
Boiling Springs School. Transportation business and merchant. 
Member North Wilkesboro Kiwanis Club, Director, 1949-1950; 
North Wilkesboro Chamber of Commerce. President, Catawba 
Transit Co., Inc., Hickory, N. C; Wilkes Transportation Com- 
pany; Eller, Brown & Barnes. Member Knights of Pythias; 
Dokies; Junior Order United American Mechanics. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1951. Representative from Wilkes 
County in the General Assembly of 1953. Methodist. Married 
Georgia Elizabeth Johnson, June 28, 1930. One son, Robert H. 
Eller, age 25. Address 223 C. St., North Wilkesboro, N. C. 

TODD H. GENTRY 

(T IV enty -ninth District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe and Wa- 
tauga. One Senator.) 

Todd H. Gentry, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-ninth 
Senatorial District, was born in Ashe County, April 23, 1912. Son 
of J. B. and Leora (Trivett) Gentry. Graduated from West Jeff- 
erson High School, 1932; attended Lees McRae College. Secretary- 
Treasurer of Oak Flooring Company, Inc., West Jefferson, N. C. 
Member of Ashe County Chamber of Commerce. Elk; Mason; 
Shriner. Member Board of Directors, Blue Ridge Electric Mem- 
bership Cooperation. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Chairman of the Ashe County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1944-1952. Methodist; Steward. Mar- 
ried Nina Houck, September 1, 1934. Children: Tony, Diane and 
Sara. Address: West Jefferson, N. C. 



Graves of Forsyth 

Hamilton of Carteret 
Henkel of Iredell 



Hightower of Anson 
Hoyle of Lee 

Jolly of Franklin 



Jones of Pitt 

Jordan of Randolph 
Kirkman of Guilford 



Lanier of Orange 
Long of Person 
Marshall of Stokes 



Martin of Northampton 
Mason of Scotland 
McBee of Mitchell 



McMichael of Rockingham 
Moore of Robeson 

Morgan of Cleveland 




^rmn^ 



456 North Carolina Manual 

CALVIN GRAVES 

(Twenty-second District — County: Forsyth. One Senator.) 

Calvin Graves, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-second Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Mount Airy, N. C, July 2, 1909. Son 
of Calvin, Sr. and Mary Elizabeth (Johnson) Graves. Attended 
Mount Airy High School, 1922-1926; University of North Caro- 
lina, A.B., 1930; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 
1932. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association, North Carolina 
Bar Association, Forsyth County Bar Association. President For- 
syth County Bar Association, 1947. Chairman Forsyth County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1948-1952. City Attorney for 
Winston-Salem, 1943. Served in U. S. Marine Corps, 1944-1945. 
Member of State Democratic Executive Committee. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Methodist; Member 
of Board of Stewards. Married Julia Benton Pendergraph, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1933. Three children: Mrs. J. F. Webber, Nancy Bailey 
Graves and Mary Watkins Graves, Address : 418 Hawthorne Road, 
N. W., Winston-Salem, N. C. 

LUTHER HAMILTON 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Luther Hamilton, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh Sena- 
torial District, was born in Atlantic, N. C, February 20, 1894 
Son of Samuel E. and Rebecca F. Hamilton. Attended Atlantic 
High School, 1908-1910; Oak Ridge Institute, 1910-1911; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1911-1915. Lawyer. Member Delta Theta 
Phi; Masonic Ocean Lodge No. 405; Sudan Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. 
of New Bern. Mayor Morehead City, 1925-1929; County Attorney, 
1921-1937; State Senator in Regular and Special Session of 1921; 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1931 and 1933; Judge 
Superior Court, 1937-1951. Served in World War I as Second 
Lieutenant with 34th Infantry and 21st Machine Gun Battalion, 
1917-1919 with overseas duty from August 1918 to June 1919. 
Methodist; Member of Official Board since 1917; Teacher of 
Men's Bible Class since 1917. Married Marie Long, July 6, 1918. 
Children: Luther Hamilton, Jr. and Mrs. Laurence H. Vickers 
of Durham, N. C. Address: Morehead City, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 457 

COLUMBUS VANCE HENKEL 

(Twenty-fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln. 
Two Senators.) 

Columbus Vance Henkel, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
fifth Senatorial District, was born in Statesville, N. C, September 
16, 1908. Son of Columbus Vance and Lila (Dunavant) Henkel. 
Attended Woodberry Forest School, Class of 1926; University of 
North Carolina, two years. Engaged in textiles and farming. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Episco- 
palian. Married Marguerite Nunan in 1944. Address Turners- 
burg, N. C. 

ERWIN AVERY HIGHTOWER 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Erwin Avery Hightower, Democrat, Senator from the Nine- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Wadesboro, N, C, July 29, 
1914. Son of Forace Monroe and Bettie Elizabeth (Ratliff) High- 
tower, Attended University of North Carolina, 1931-1933; Wake 
Forest College, 1933-1936, LL.B. Lawyer. Clerk Superior Court 
of Anson County, 1946-1954. Member American Legion; Veterans 
Foreign Wars; Woodmen of the World; Secretary Kilwinning 
Lodge No. 64 Ancient Free & Accepted Masons of Wadesboro. 
Attended U. S. Coast Guard Academy Reserve School, Class of 
May, 1943; commissioned Ensign; released from active duty as 
Lieutenant (j.g.), November 1945. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1955. Presbyterian. Married Margaret Elizabeth 
Edmunds, May 31, 1939. Children Erwin Avery Hightower, II 
and Bette Anne Hightower. Address Wadesboro, N. C. 

JAMES WOMBLE HOYLE 

(Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

James Womble Hoyle, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Sanford, N. C. Son of Kenneth 
Raynor and Jewel Goldston (Womble) Hoyle. Attended Sanford 



458 North Carolina Manual 

Public Schools, graduating in 1942; University of North Carolina, 
A.B., 1950; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1950. 
Lawyer. Technical Sergeant, United States Army, 1943-1946. 
Methodist; Steward. Married Julia Cornelia Alexander, Morgan- 
ton, N. C, 1952. Address: Sanford, N. C. 

WILBUR MORTON .JOLLY 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

Wilbur Morton Jolly, Democrat, Senator from the Sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Ayden, N. C, January 16, 1916. Son 
of William O. and Cornelia (Mumford) Jolly. Attended Ayden 
Elementary and High School, 1922-1933; Wake Forest College, 
B.S., 1937 and LL.B., 1941. Lawyer. Member Franklin County 
Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; American Bar Asso- 
ciation. Town Commissioner, 1955-1956. Shriner. Member Ameri- 
can Legion, Commander, 1954; Voiture 1215, 40 & 8, Chef de 
Gare, 1956; Lions Club. Served in U. S. Army, 1942-1946, and 
U. S. Army Reserve, 1946-1956, with rank of Major. Baptist; 
Sunday School Teacher. Married Sybil King, May 25, 1940. One 
son, M. King Jolly, age 3. Address. 710 North Main Street, 
Louisburg, N. C. 

PAUL ERASTUS JONES 

(Fifth District— County : Pitt. One Senator.) 

Paul Erastus Jones, Democrat, Senator from the Fifth Sena- 
torial District, was born near Bethel, Pitt County, April 9, 1890. 
Son of Solomon Major and Gertrude (Whichard) Jones. Gradu- 
ated from Bethel High School, 1907. Attended Richmond College, 
Virginia, one year; Medical College of Virginia, 1907. Doctor of 
Dental Surgery, 1910. Dentist and farmer. First Lieutenant 
World War I, June 30, 1918-March 15, 1919. Member of Pitt 
County Medical and Dental Society; American Dental Association, 
served as delegate since 1931. Member of Council of Legislation 
American Dental Association six year term; Chairman 1955 and 
1956. Member Fifth District of N. C. Dental Society and served 
as Secretary and President. Fellow of the American College of 



Biographical Sketches 459 

Dentists; Fellow International College of Dentists. Elected to 
N. C. State Board of Dental Examiners, 1938, serving until 1947. 
Vice President American Association of Dental Examiners 1943, 
serving two terms. President 1946. Director of the Bank of Farm- 
ville, 1921-1937. Member Farm Bureau; Rotary Club; Local School 
Board (twenty-five years, Chairman five years) ; Pitt County 
Board of Education, 1944-1949; Pitt County Democratic Executive 
Committee (Chairman seven years) ; State Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1945 until present. Appointed to N. C. Board of 
Health, 1944 (served four years) ; Author of several Essays be- 
fore the N. C. Dental Society, including a Presidental Address in 
1931 ; Presidential Address to American Association of Dental 
Examiners in 1946. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955; President pro tern, 1955. Chairman 
Advisoi-y Committee of the N. C. Dental Society to the Dental 
College Committee of the Faculty of the University of North 
Carolina, 1951-1952. Elected a member of the Board of Trustees 
of the University of North Carolina for an eight year term in 
1951. Elected President of the Dental Foundation of North Caro- 
lina, Inc., 1951. Re-elected President in 1952. Member Christian 
Church; Deacon ten years. Married Vernice Lee Lang, October 
22, 1913. Two children: Mrs. Charles M. Duke; Dr. P. E. Jones, 
Jr. Two grandsons and one granddaughter. Address : 502 North 
Main Street, Farmville, N. C. 

HENRY WATSON JORDAN 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Henry Watson Jordan, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth 
Senatorial District, was born in Ramseur, N. C, August 31, 1898. 
Son of Henry H. and Annie (Sellars) Jordan. Attended Ruther- 
ford College, 1912-1914; Emory and Henry College, 1914-1916; 
Emory University, D.D.S., 1919. Manufacturer of cotton textiles. 
Member National Association of Manufacturers; American Cotton 
Manufacturers Association; N. C. Cotton Manufacturers Asso- 
ciation. Member Gaston County Board of Education, 1935-1940; 
Randolph County Board of Education, 1942-1945; N. C. 
State Highway Commission, 1945-1949; Chairman N. C. State 
Highway Commission, 1949-1953. Elk; Mason, 32nd degree; 
Shriner; Knights Templar; Master Masonic Lodge, 1928-1930. 



460 North Carolina Manual 

Sergeant, Student Army Training- Corps, 1917-1918. Methodist; 
Chairman Board of Stewards, 1926-1938. Married Mary Ruth 
Rankin, November 3, 1933. Children: Henry Harrison Jordan, 
Anne Rankin Jordan and Thomas Andrew Jordan. Address: Cedar 
Falls, N. C. J 

OSCAR ARTHUR KIRKMAN 

(Seventeenth District — County: Guilford. One Senator.) 

Oscar Arthur Kirkman, Democrat, Senator from the Seven- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in High Point, N. C, April 
16, 1900. Son of Oscar Arthur, Sr., and Lulu Blanche (Hammer) 
Kirkman. Attended Public Schools of High Point, graduating in 
1918; University of Virginia, B.S., 1923; University of Virginia, 
M.S., 1924; one year of law at the University of Virginia, 1924- 
1925; two years of law, Oxford University (England) 1926-1928. 
Admitted to North Carolina Bar, 1929. Executive Vice-President 
and General Manager High Point, Thomasville & Denton Railroad 
Company of High Point, N. C. President, Atlantic B. and L. As- 
sociation, High Point, since 1937; Director Southern Furniture 
Exposition Building, High Point. Director, American Short Line 
Railroad Association, Washington, D. C, since 1930. Member 
Board of School Commissioners, High Point, 1932-1939; Guilford 
County Board of Public Welfare, 1938-1939; Board of Trustees 
of Winston-Salem Teachers College, three terms. Member Board 
of Trustees High Point Memorial Hospital; member Board of 
Trustees, North Carolina Sanatorium for Treatment of Tuber- 
culosis; American Cancer Society, President, 1953-1954. Member 
Railway Industry Advisory Committee, National Production Au- 
thority. Economic and Financial Mission to Chile, S. A., 1956. 
Mayor, City of High Point, 1939-1943; Councilman, 1945-Decem- 
ber 27, 1948. Federal Operating Manager, railroads of Puerto 
Rico on special assignment from the Office of Emergency Man- 
agement, 1943-1944. Teacher of Spanish, three years. University 
of Virginia; Business Law, High Point College, one year. Member 
of Elks; Masons; Woodmen of World; Royal Arcanum; Klein 
and Saks. Private U. S. Army, 1918; American Legion, Adjutant 
in the 20's; Alpha Kappa Psi Fraternity. National President, 
Alpha Kappa Psi (Commerce and Business Administration Fra- 
ternity), Indianapolis, Indiana, 1929-1933. Representative in the 



Biographical Sketches 461 

General Assembly of 1949 and 1951. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Methodist; member Board of Stew- 
ards. Married Katharine Morgan of Salisbury, N. C, March 10, 
1933. Children: Larkin, age 19; Carolina, age 17; John, age 15; 
Susan, age 8. Address: 501 West High Street, High Point, N. C. 

EDWIN SIDNEY LANIER 

(Sixteenth District — Counties: Alamance and Orange. One 
Senator.) 

Edwin Sidney Lanier, Democrat, Senator from the Sixteenth 
Senatorial District, was born near Metter, Georgia, July 19, 1901. 
Son of Richard and Hassie (Banks) Lanier. Attended Green 
Valley Rural School, RFD, Metter, Ga.; State Normal Teachers 
School, Athens, Ga., 1917-1921; University of North Carolina, 
1921-1924, Class of 1925; special student in University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1930-1934. Speaker of Philanthropic Literary 
Society; Mary D. Wright Memorial Prize in Debate, Algernon 
Sidney Sullivan Award. Member Y. M. C. A.; Order of the Grail; 
Order of the Golden Fleece. Occupation is education (financial 
aids for students and students' records). Taught in Baptist Or- 
phanage High School, Thomasville, N. C, 1924-1930. Member 
Chapel Hill Rotary Club. Served three terms as Mayor of Chapel 
Hill, 1949-1951, 1951-1953, 1953-1955. Member Democratic Pre- 
cinct Committee; Chapel Hill Board of Alderman, 1945-1949; 
Orange County Board of Commissioners, 1954-1956; Board of 
Trustees, Baptist Orphanage of North Carolina, 1945-1949. Mem- 
ber Chapel Hill Rotary Club. Baptist; former Deacon and Super- 
intendent of Sunday School. Married Nancy Thelma Herndon, 
Durham, N. C, November 29, 1934. Children: Nancy Helen, age 
15 and Edwin Sidney, Jr., age 10. Address: 313 W, University 
Drive, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

RICHARD GWYNN LONG 

(Fourteenth District — Counties: Durham, Granville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

Richard Gwynn Long, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Roxboro, N. C, November 16, 
1923. Son of James Anderson and Anne Elizabeth (Bickford) 



462 North Carolina Manual 

Long. Attended Roxboro High School, 1936-1939; Woodberry 
Forest School, 1939-1940; Duke University, 1940-1943; Vander- 
bilt University Law School, 1946-1949, LL.B. Lawyer. Member 
American Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; Person 
County Bar Association. Director, Roxboro Cotton Mills; Presi- 
dent, Reinforced Plastics Corporation. Mayor of Roxboro, 1951- 
1953; Person County Man of the Year, 1956; Jaycee Young Man 
of the Year, 1956. Member Lodge 2005, B.P.O.E.; American Le- 
gion; Post 2058, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Commander, 1954- 
1955; Junior Order of United American Mechanics; Rotary Club. 
Staff Sergeant, United States Army, 1943-1946. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Betty Layne Hollinshead, November 16, 1949. Children: 
Margaret Gwynn Long, Catherine Layne Long and David Hollins- 
head Long. Address: Westover Road, Roxboro, N. C. 



WILLIAM FLYNT MARSHALL 

(Twenty-third District — Counties: Stokes and Surry. One 
Senator). 

William Flynt Marshall, Democrat. Senator fi-om the Twenty- 
third Senatorial District, was born in Walnut Cove, N. C, July 
16, 1900. Son of Albert Franklin and Nannie Flynt Marshall. 
Attended Walnut Cove High School and Commercial School. Lum- 
berman, farmer and banker. President Stokes Lumber Company, 
Walnut Cove, N. C; Chairman of Board State Planters Bank, 
Walnut Cove, N. C. Commissioner Town of Walnut Cove, N. C. 
from 1933 to 1938; Treasurer Town of Walnut Cove, N. C, 1933 
to 1957. President in 1956 and Chairman of Board 1957 of North- 
west North Carolina Development Association. Representative 
from Stokes County in the General Assembly of 1939, 1943 and 
1945. State Senator from the 23rd District, 1941, 1949 and 1953. 
Member Walnut Cove Lodge 629 A. F. & A. M. and Oasis Shrine; 
President Walnut Cove Rotary Club 1951-1952. Baptist. Married 
Iva Lee Isaacs, April 24, 1924. Two sons William Flynt, Jr. and 
Joe Isaacs Marshall. Address: Walnut Cove, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 463 

PERRY WHITEHEAD MARTIN 

(Third District — Counties: Northampton, Vance and Warren. 
One Senator.) 

Peri-y Whitehead Martin, Democrat, Senator from the Third 
Senatorial District, was born near Conway, N. C, June 28, 1928. 
Son of B. R. and Virgie (Whitehead) Martin. Attended Conway 
Elementary and High School, graduating in 1945; Wake Forest 
College, 1945-1947; Wake Forest College Law School, 1947-1950, 
LL.B. Lawyer. Recipient of Freshman Orators Award at Wake 
Forest College. Solicitor Northampton County Recorder's Court, 
1954-1956. Member Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity; Rotary In- 
ternational; Masonic Order. Entered U. S. Army as Private in 
October of 1951; received direct commission as First Lieutenant 
six months later and made Trial Judge Advocate for 47th In- 
fantry Division; released from active duty, June 28, 1954. Baptist; 
Teacher Men's Bible Class; Chairman Board of Deacons. Married 
Carolyn Calhoun of Cottonwood, Ala., December 13, 1953. Address: 
Rich Square, N. C. 



JAMES W. MASON 

(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

James W. Mason, Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Laurinburg, N. C, February 8, 1916. 
Son of James Walter and Marie (Cornelius) Mason. Attended 
Wake Forest College, LL.B., 1938. Lawyer. Member American Bar 
Association; N. C. State Bar Council, 1956-1957; Board of Gov- 
ernors North Carolina Bar Association, 1955-1957; President 13th 
Judicial District Bar Association, 1950. Special Agent, Federal 
Bureau of Investigation, 1942-1946. Member Laurinburg Masonic 
Lodge A.F. & A.M. No. 305; Laurinburg Lions Club, Past Presi- 
dent. Baptist; Deacon; Past Chairman Board of Deacons; Mod- 
erator Pee Dee Baptist Association, 1954-1956; Member General 
Board Baptist State Convention, 1955-1957. Married Nell Celeste 
Adams, June 7, 1940. Children: Celeste Adams Mason, age 11 and 
James W. Mason, III, age 2. Address: 307 Prince Street, Laurin- 
burg, N. C. 



464 North Carolina Manual 

JOHN CALHOUN McBEE 

(Thirtieth District — Counties: Avery, Madison, Mitchell and 
Yancey. One Senator.) 

John Calhoun McBee, Republican, Senator from the Thirtieth 
Senatorial District, was born at Mica, N. C, August 19, 1876. 
Son of James A. and Rachel (Mace) McBee. Attended Bowman 
Academy, 1892-1895; Wake Forest College, LL.B., 1911. Lawyer. 
Member N. C. State Bar. Delegate to National Republican Con- 
vention in 1920 and alternate in 1936. Director Northwestern Bank 
since 1937 and President, 1945-1946. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1917, 1921 and 1931. Private, Co. "B", 16th U. S. 
Infantry, 1899-1902; served two years in Philippine Islands; 
seven years in Civil Service, Department of Education Insular 
Government; Chairman S. S. Board, 1917-1918, 1940-1956. Mason; 
Junior Order United American Mechanics. Baptist. Married 
Margaret C. Thomas, August 12, 1904. Children: Paul Thomas 
McBee, John Carl McBee and Helen McBee. Address: Bakers- 
ville, N. C. 

JULE McMICHAEL 

(Fifteenth District — Counties: Caswell and Rockingham. One 
Senator.) 

Jule McMichael, Democrat, Senator from the Fifteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Madison, N. C, November 19, 1910. 
Son of James Pleasant and Annie Dell (DeShazo) McMichael. 
Attended Wentworth Elementary and High School, 1916-1926; 
Reidsville High School, 1926-1927; University of North Carolina, 
A.B., 1932; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1934. 
Lawyer. Member Rockingham County Bar Association; Seven- 
teenth Judicial District Bar Association; North Carolina Bar As- 
sociation. City Attorney for Reidsville since 1949; Rockingham 
County Attorney since 1953; Chairman Rockingham County 
Democratic Executive Committee since 1950. Member Phi Beta 
Kappa. Lieutenant Commander, USNR, 1942-1946. Presbyterian; 
Deacon. Married Mary Browne Wallace, February 7, 1942. Chil- 
dren: Jule McMichael, Jr., age 13; Howard Reid McMichael, age 
9; George Pell McMichael, age 7. Address: 1601 Country Club 
Road, Reidsville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 465 

DU BRUTZ CUTLAR MOORE 

(Eleventh District — County: Robeson. One Senator.) 

Du Brutz Cutlar Moore, Democrat, Senator from the Eleventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Burgaw, N. C, August 6, 1895. 
Son of John Bailey and Serena Lee (Corbett) Moore. Attended 
Burgaw High School; University of North Carolina, 1913 and 
1914. Real estate dealer. Member North Carolina Association of 
Realtors; N. C. Democratic Executive Committee for six years, 
Secretary, 1934-1936. Chairman of N. C. Alcoholic Control Board, 
1937-1941. Mason. Member Benevolent Protective Order of Elks; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion. Private in U. S. 
Army, 1917-1919, serving in Europe as member of the Wilming- 
ton Light Infantry. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1953 and 1955. Presbyterian; Member Board of Deacons. Married 
Ruth Robeson Norment, June 28, 1922. Children: Du Brutz Cutlar 
Moore, Jr., Mary Corbett Moore; Mrs. Ruth Norment Morgan. Ad- 
dress: Box 985, Lumberton, N. C. 

ROBERT FOSTER MORGAN 

(Twenty-seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell, and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Robert Foster Morgan, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
seventh Senatorial District, was born in Anderson County, South 
Carolina, June 24, 1922. Son of O. Z. and Minnietta (Foster) 
Morgan. Attended Cleveland County Public Schools and Boiling 
Springs High School; Gardner-Webb College, A. A. degree, 1941; 
Yale University, 1943-1944. Part owner of Morgan & Company, 
Inc., Shelby. Member N. C. Seedsmen Association National Cot- 
ton Council; Executive Committee N. C. Seedsmen Association; 
Past-President of Cleveland County Ginners Association. Member 
of Rotary Club and Director of Shelby Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce. Member of Shelby Lodge of Masonic Order. Enlisted as 
Private in Air Force, 1942, and discharged as Captain in 1946. 
Member of Inactive Reserve Air Force at present. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Member Beaver Dam 
Baptist Church; Deacon; Teacher Young Men's Bible Class; Vice- 
President Brotherhood; Chairman Finance Committee. Married 
Ruth Norment Moore of Lumberton, N. C, 1953. One daughter. 
Address: Shelby, N. C. 



Owens of Washington 
Poyner of Wake 
Rose of Wayne 



Rowe of Pender 

RutledKe of Cabarrus 
Shelton of Edgecombe 



Shuford of Catawba 
Stephenson of Polk 

Stikeleather of Buncombe 



Stoner of Davidson 

Sumner of Rutherford 
Thomas of Hoke 



Vann of Sampson 
Whitley of Johnston 

Whitmire of Henderson 



Williams of Stanly 
Woodson of Rowan 

Byerly — Principal Clerk 




Biographical Sketches 467 

EDWIN LINDSAY OWENS 

(Second District — Counties : Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Edward Lindsay Owens, Democrat, Senator from the Second 
Senatorial District, was born in Plymouth, N. C, July 1, 1904. 
Son of Ambrose L. and Luceille (Willey) Owens. Attended Ply- 
mouth High School; University of North Carolina, A.B. and 
LL.B., 1926. Lawyer, farmer and real estate dealer. Member 
Washington County Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; North 
Carolina Bar Association; Plymouth Rotary Club, charter mem- 
ber; Delta Theta Phi Legal Fraternity; Perseverance Lodge No. 
59 Sudan Temple (York Rite), Master, 1945. Member Board of 
Aldermen, Town of Plymouth, 1927-1928; Attorney for Washing- 
ton County, 1929-1930; Judge Washington County Recorder's 
Court, 1931-1932, 1944-1946, 1951-1952. State Senator in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1955. Methodist; Steward, 1930-1931. Married 
Eloise McArthur, June 27, 1932. Children: Lucille Shelton Owens, 
age 23 and Suzanne McArthur Owens, age 16. Address: 322 East 
Main St., Plymouth, N. C. 



JAMES M. POYNER 

(Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

James M. Poyner, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Raleigh, N. C, September 18, 1914. 
Son of James Marion and Mary Sherwood (Smedes) Poyner. 
Attended Raleigh Gi'ammar Schools; Needham Broughton High 
School, graduating in 1930; N. C. State College, B.S. in Chemical 
Engineering, 1935 and M.S. in Chemical Engineering, 1937; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Law School, summer of 1938; Duke 
University, 1940, LL.B. Lawyer. Member Wake County Bar As- 
sociation; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar As- 
sociation. While in college was leader of "Jimmy Poyner and his 
Collegians," a widely known and popular dance orchestra. Served 
as President of Wake County Young Democrats Club, 1947. 
Member Sigma Nu Social Fraternity; Raleigh Kiwanis Club; 
Raleigh Country Club; Carolina Country Club; Sphinx Club; 



468 North Carolina Manual 

Director Raleigh YMCA; Past Director Raleigh Chamber of Com- 
merce. Member, Commission for the Study of the Revenue Struc- 
ture of the State. Active duty from 1942 to 1946 in Chemical 
Warfare Service; awarded Legion of Merit Medal; now Lieutenant 
Colonel in Army Reserves. State Senator in the General Assembly 
of 1955. Member of Vestry, St. Michael's Episcopal Church. 
Married Florence L Chan of Dallas, Texas, February 24, 1945, 
Children: Susan, Florence, Margaret, Edythe and James M. 
Poyner, IIL Address: 710 Smedes Place, Raleigh, N. C. 



DAVID JENNINGS ROSE 

(Eighth District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors.) 

David Jennings Rose, Democrat, Senator from the Eighth 
Senatorial District, was born in Wayne County, N. C, September 
26, 1896. Son of Joel L. and Mary Elizabeth (Stafford) Rose. 
Attended Grantham Consolidated School of Wayne County; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1916-1920; Tulane University, 1920- 
1922, M.D.; University of Vienna, Austria. Surgeon (retired) and 
farmer. Fellow American College of Surgeons. Mason and Shriner. 
Member Sigma Nu and Theta Kappa Psi fraternities. President 
N. C. State School Board Association for two years; President 
National School Board Association for two years; President N. C. 
Camellia Society; Chairman Neuse River Watershed Authority; 
Chairman Aycock Restoration Commission; Director Branch 
Banking and Trust Company for past fifteen years; Director 
Citizens Building and Loan Association fifteen years; Recipient 
Silver Beaver and Silver Antelope in Scouting. Served in U. S. 
Navy during World War I, 1917-1918. State Senator in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1955. Member Christian Church. Married first 
time to Janet T. Conway in 1925. Children: Conway Rose, David 
J. Rose, Jr. and Marjorie Rose Patrick. Married second time to 
Mary Elizabeth Farrior of Willard, N. C. in 1956. Address: 1402 
E. Mulberry St., Goldsboro, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 469 

ROY ROWE 

(Ninth District — Counties: Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Roy Rowe, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Senatorial Dis- 
trict, born in Burgaw, N. C, May 29, 1905. Son of Nicholas 
Henry and Mary Belle (King) Rowe. Attended Carolina Indus- 
trial School, Pender County, 1911-1920; Vanceboro Farm Life 
School, 1920-1923; University of North Carolina from time to 
time from 1923-1931; Theatre Manager School, New York City, 
1931. Theatre owner and operator; farmer. President, Theatre 
Owners of North and South Carolina (1934-1944), President 
Carolina Aero Club (1942-1944); Major (1944-1947) in North 
Carolina Wing of Civil Air Patrol. Licensed to operate private 
aircraft. Mason, King Solomon's Lodge 138, Burgaw. Member and 
Past President Burgaw Rotary Club. State Senator from the 
Ninth District in 1937, 1941, 1945 and 1949. Member House of 
Representatives, 1943; Chairman N. C. Aeronautics Commission 
(1943-1949). Unitarian and Universalist. Married Nina Lavinia 
Worsley of Maysville, February 22, 1929. Two children: Tenia 
Rowe and Roy Rowe, Jr. Address: Burgaw, N. C. 



J. CARLYLE RUTLEDGE 

(Twenty-First District — Counties: Cabarrus and Rowan. Two 
Senators.) 

J. Carlyle Rutledge, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-first 
Senatorial District, was born in Stanley, Gaston County, N. C, 
December 28, 1909. Son of Joseph Graham and Frances Virginia 
(Moore) Rutledge. Graduated from Stanley High School, 1927; 
Weaver College, 1930; A.B., University North Carolina, 1932; 
LLB., 1935. Lawyer. Past President of Cabarrus County Bar 
Association. Member North Carolina Bar Association. Co-owner 
of Kannapolis Real Estate Agency. President of Carolina Homes, 
Inc. President of Watkins' Building Materials Co. Former Judge 
of the Cabarrus County Domestic Relations-Juvenile Court. Mem- 
ber Board of Directors Cannon Memorial Young Men's Christian 
Association, Kannapolis, N. C. since 1937; Interstate Committee 
of the Y. M. C. A. of the Carolinas; International Committee of 



470 North Carolina Manual 

the Y. M. C. A. Past District Governor of Rotary International. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1943 and 1945. Meth- 
odist; Steward. Married Judith Rea Kuykendal, April 23, 1938. 
Two daughters: Martha Rea Rutledge, born April 2, 1941 and 
Polly Virginia Rutledge, born July 11, 1949; one son, James 
Carlyle Rutledge, born Nov. 17, 1944. Address: Kannapolis, N. C. 

HENRY GRAY SHELTON 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two 
Senators.) 

Henry Gray Shelton, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth Sena- 
torial District, was born near Speed, N. C, November 14, 1906. 
Son of Benjamin F. and Annie Little (Thigpen) Shelton. Attended 
Speed Grammar and High School, 1912-1923; North Carolina 
State College, B.S., 1927. Farmer. President Edgecombe County 
Farm Bureau ; President Edgecombe County Mutual Livestock 
Association; Past President Tarboro Kiwanis Club. Member Edge- 
combe County Board of Health, 1955-1957; Speed School Board, 
1941-1957; State Highway Commission during Governor Scott's 
Administration. Member Alpha Zeta. Episcopalian ; Vestryman 
since 1937. Married Athlea Boone, December 18, 1947. One daugh- 
ter, Anne Boone Shelton, born December 3, 1956. Address: Speed, 
N. C. 

WILLL\M B. SHUFORD 

(Twenty-fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln. 
Two Senators.) 

William B. Shuford, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-fifth 
Senatorial District, was born in Hickory, N. C, June 20, 1907, 
Son of Abel Alexander, Sr., and Maude (Ferguson) Shuford. At- 
tended Woodberry Forest, 1921-1926; University of North Caro- 
lina, 1926-1929, B.S. in Commerce; Columbia University, 1929- 
193C, M.S. in Business. Textile Manufacturer. Kappa Sigma, Phi 
Beta Kappa, and Beta Gamma Sigma Fraternities. Trustee of 
Woodberry Forest School ; former Trustee, University of North 
Carolina and Hickory Administrative School Unit. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1953. Member of Corinth Evangelical 



\ 



Biographical Sketches 471 

and Reformed Church, former Deacon. Married Virginia Jones of 
Charlotte, N. C, October 10, 1931. Four children: William B. 
Shuford, Jr., Frank Jones Shuford, Charles Hunt Shuford and 
Virginia Shuford. Address: Hickory, N. C. 



JOSEPH RAYMOND STEPHENSON 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

Joseph Eaymond Stephenson, Democrat, Senator from the 
Thirty-second Senatorial District, was born near Saluda, N. C, 
December 15, 1907. Son of Joseph H. and Minnie M. (Guice) 
Stephenson. Attended Saluda Elementary School ; Everetts High 
School, Everetts, Ky. ; Union College, Barbourville, Ky. Automo- 
bile dealer and farmer. Chairman Polk County Board of Education 
for past six years. President Saluda Lion's Club. Presbyterian. 
Married Kathleen Elizabeth Garren, September 7, 1931. Children: 
Joseph R. Stephenson, Jr. and Lucille Ann Stephenson. Address: 
Saluda, N. C. 



JAMES GUDGER STIKELEATHER, JR. 

(Thirty-first District — County: Buncombe. One Senator.) 

James Gudger Stikeleather, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the 
Thirty-first Senatorial District, was born in Asheville, N. C, 
September 8, 1911. Son of James Gudger and Nancy (Weaver) 
Stikeleather. Attended Asheville High School, 1925-1929; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, B.S. in Commerce, 1934. General insurance 
and real estate dealer. President, Carolina Federal Savings & 
Loan Association. Member Asheville Real Estate Board; Asheville 
Insurance Agents Exchange, President, 1949-1950; Sigma Chi 
Fraternity. Entered U. S. Naval Reserve December, 1943; dis- 
charged as Lieutenant (j.g.), March 1946. Representative from 
Buncombe County in the General Assembly of 1955. Methodist; 
Steward. Married Dorothy Kimberly, November 6, 1937. Children: 
Jane Stikeleather, age 18; Rebecca Stikeleather, age 15; James G. 
Stikeleather, III, age 11. Address: 221 Kimberly Avenue, Ashe- 
ville, N. C. 



472 North Carolina Manual 

PAUL GLENN STONER, SR. 

(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Paul Glenn Stoner, Sr., Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Davidson County, March 29, 1906. 
Son of Oscar Lee and Frankie (Harris) Stoner. Attended South- 
ern Industrial Institute; Mount Pleasant Collegiate Institute; 
Duke University; Duke University Law School, LL.B., 1931. Law- 
yer. Member State Bar Association ; American Bar Association. 
Former Solicitor and Judge of County Court. Representative from 
Davidson County in the General Assembly of 1951. Served as 
Private First Class in U.S. Army. Shriner. Methodist. Married 
Ruth Bright in 1931, Children: Betsy Stoner Guest, Paul Glenn 
Stoner, Jr., Frank Lee Stoner and Mary Roberts Stoner. Address: 
512 Fairview Drive, Lexington, N. C. 

BENJAMIN HAMPTON SUMNER 

(Twenty-seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Benjamin Hampton Sumner, Democrat, Senator from th-? 
Twenty-seventh Senatorial District, was born in Lincolnton, N. C, 
August 11, 1905. Son of Charles McBee and Margaret Stokes 
(McKenzie) Sumner. Attended Christ School, 1921-1923; Lincoln- 
ton High School, 1924; University of North Carolina, A.B., 1928; 
American Institute of Banking, 1930-1936; Graduate School of 
Banking, Rutgers University, 1937. Assistant Secretary and As- 
sistant Treasurer of Spindale Mills, Inc., Spindale, N. C. Member 
and Past President of Rutherfordton Kiwanis Club, Spindale 
Mills Management Club, Spindale Club, Rutherford County Club 
and Civitan Club. "Kiwanian of the Year", 1952. Awarded trophy 
by Spindale Mills Management Club for "Foreman of the Year", 
1954. Member Executive Board of the Piedmont Council of 
Boy Scouts; Steering Committee of the Rutherford County Ru- 
ral Development Program; Director Farm Bureau and Ruth- 
erford County Club; Vice Chairman Rutherford County Boy 
Scouts; Past President Union Development Club. Former Director 
of Patterson School in Caldwell County and former member of 
Board of Thompson Orphanage of Charlotte. Episcopalian; Chair- 



Biographical Sketches 473 

man of Building and Finance Committee; former member of the 
Executive Council of the Diocese of Western North Carolina; for- 
mer Secretary and Treasurer of the Laymen's Work of Western 
North Carolina. Married Lillian F. Carmichael in 1935; second 
marriage to Frances N. Cox, 1945. One son, Benjamin Carmichael 
Sumner and one stepson, Daniel M. House. Address: Fox Haven 
Farm, Rutherfordton, N. C. 



JAMES BENTON THOMAS 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore, and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

James Benton Thomas, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth 
Senatorial District, was born in Scotland County, N. C, July 4, 
1892. Son of James Crawford and Rena (Benton) Thomas. Gradu- 
ated from Raeford Institute, 1909; University of North Carolina, 
1909-1910; graduated from Kings Business College, 1911. Farmer. 
Sec.-Treas. Hoke Oil & Fertilizer Company for thirty years, now 
Vice President; Vice President McLauchlin Company; Sec.-Treas. 
Hoke Cotton Warehouse Company; Sec.-Treas. Colonial Frozen 
Foods, Inc.; Director, Bank of Raeford, Raeford Power & Manu- 
facturing Company, Upchurch Milling Company, and Hoke De- 
velopment Corporation. Director, Raeford Chamber of Commerce. 
Past President, Raeford Kiwanis Club and N. C. Cottonseed 
Crushers Association. Lieut.-Governor Carolinas Kiwanis Clubs, 
1955. Delegate member. National Cotton Council; member County 
Board of Education; Town Alderman; Chairman of Hoke County 
Democratic Executive Committee for twelve years. Mason; 
Shriner; Past President Raeford Shrine Club. First Lieutenant, 
N. C. National Guard before World War I; during World War 
II, served for four years as member County Rationing Board; 
Chairman County Salvage Board. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1949 and 1953. Methodist; Trustee. Married Kate 
Shaw, June 22, 1916. Two daughters: Mrs. Julian McLeod, Mrs. 
Robert E. Foreman. Address: Raeford, N. C. 



474 North Carolina Manual 

HENRY VANN 

(Ninth District — Counties: Duplin, New Hanover, Pender, and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Henry Vann, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Senatorial 
District, was born in Sampson County, N. C, February 10, 1892. 
Son of Arthur and Portia (McPhail) Vann. Attended County 
Grammar School, 1898-1906; Salemburg High School, 1907-1908; 
Oak Ridge Auto Mechanic School, 1909-1910. Farmer, automobile 
dealer, theatre owner and operator. President of Henry Vann 
Industries, manufacturers of Henry Vann Tobacco Curers, oil and 
gas fired space heaters. President, Henry Vann Tractor Co., 
Clinton, N. C. Mayor of Clinton, 1925-1929. Director of First 
Citizens Bank & Trust Co., home office Smithfield, N. C. Vice- 
Chairman, State Ports Authority, May 1949-May 1951. Chairman 
of South Eastern Soil Conservation District since January, 1945. 
Mason, member Hiram Lodge, No. 98, Clinton, N. C; Thirty- 
second degree Masonry Wilmington Consistory; Sudan Temple, 
A.A.O.N.M. Shrine, New Bern, N. C. State Senator from the 
Ninth District in the General Assembly of 1945, 1949 and 1953. 
Married Beulah Madge Williamson, August 21, 1915. One daugh- 
ter: Mrs. Louise Vann Austin. Address: Clinton, N. C. 

ADAM JACKSON WHITLEY, JR. 

(Eighth. District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors.) 

Adam Jackson Whitley, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Eighth 
Senatorial District, was born in Johnston County, N. C, April 14, 
1894. Son of Adam Jackson and Abigail (Casey) Whitley. At- 
tended Smithfield Grammar and High School, 1901-1914; N. C. 
State College, 1915-1917. Farmer. Member Junior Order; Ameri- 
can Legion, Commander of American Legion Post No. 132 of 
Smithfield, N. C, 1953-1954; Rotary Club, charter member when 
organized in 1944. Mason and Shriner. Member Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee, 1953-1954, Chairman, 1945-1947; Precinct 
Committeeman, 1939-1945. Member State Democratic Executive 
Committee since 1953. President, N. C. State College Agriculture 
Foundation, 1956; member Governor's Youth Service Commission, 
1955-56. Served as a Sergeant in World War I, 1917-1918. State 



Biographical Sketches 475 

Senator in the General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. 
Baptist; Deacon, 1927-1948; Chairman, Board of Deacons, 1929- 
1952; Moderator of Johnston Baptist Association, 1936-1954. Mar- 
ried Florence Elizabeth Lassiter, February 14, 1923. Three chil- 
dren: Adam J. Whitley, III; Dennis Whitley; Leah Lassiter 
Whitley. Address: Rt. 1, Smithfield, N. C. 

R. LEE WHITMIRE 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

R. Lee Whitmire, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-second 
Senatorial District, was born in Brevard, North Carolina, Jan- 
uary 21, 1898. Son of W. P. and Annie Floyd Whitmire. Attended 
Brevard and Hendersonville High Schools; University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1919-1921, and admitted to the Bar in 1921. 
General practitioner with offices in Hendersonville since March 
1921. Member Henderson County Bar Association and North Caro- 
lina State Bar. Chairman Henderson County Board of Elections, 
1922-1924. Hendersonville City Attorney, 1923-1932. Delegate to 
Democratic National Convention, 1924. Served as enlisted man, 
United States Army, April 1917 to February 1919; overseas, 1918- 
1919. Henderson County War Bond Chairman, World War IL 
Chairman of Selective Service Appeal Board for Western United 
States Judicial Division of North Carolina, 1952-1953. Commander 
Hendersonville Post of American Legion, 1923-1924. President 
Hendersonville Rotary Club, 1931. Member Masonic Lodge, Elks 
Club, American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars; Member 
North Carolina General Statutes Commission, 1949-1951; Board 
of Trustees University of North Carolina, 1949 to 1955; North 
Carolina Judicial Council, 1951-1953. State Senator from the 27th 
Senatorial District, 1927. Representative from Henderson County 
in North Carolina General Assembly, Sessions of 1949, 1951 and 
1953. Chairman Committee on Judiciary No. 1 Session of 1951 and 
1953. Democratic nominee for State Representative Session of 
1953 without opposition in Primary and Election. Superior Court 
Judge, 1953 to 1955, appointed by Governor William B. Umstead. 
Democratic Candidate for State Senator without opposition in 
Primary and General Election of 1956. Member official Inaugural 
Committee (Governor Luther H, Hodges), 1957. Baptist. Married 



476 North Carolina Manual 

Irene Louise Jones (now deceased) July 30, 1924, Madge Schacht 
Watson (now deceased) September 14, 1937, and Margaret Alice 
Davenport June 11, 1946. One child, Robert Lee Whitmire, Jr., 
Hendersonville attorney, born of first marriage. Address: Hen- 
dersonville, N. C. 

STATON PENDER WILLIAMS 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Staton Pender Williams, Democrat, Senator from the Nine- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Robersonville, N. C. Son 
of John Lawrence and Hallie Leary (Pender) Williams. Attended 
Robersonville High School, graduating in 1927; Duke University, 
A.B., 1931 and M.A., 1935; University of North Carolina Law 
School, 1934-1937, LL.B. Lawyer. Member N. C. State Bar; N. C. 
Bar Association; Past President Stanly County Bar Association. 
Appointed for five year term to N. C. Veterans Commission by 
Governor W. Kerr Scott in 1949 and reappointed in 1954 by 
Governor William B. Umstead. Past President Albemarle Chamber 
of Commerce and Albemarle Lions Club. Member Woodmen of the 
World, Head Consul, 1953-1954; National Law Committee, Wood- 
men of the World; former Consul Commander Holly Camp Wood- 
men of the World; member and Past President Washington Camp, 
Patriotic Order Sons of America, Albemarle, N. C. Entered U. S. 
Navy as Lieutenant (jg) in February of 1944 and released to in- 
active duty January 1, 1946 as Lieutenant. Methodist; Steward 
for several terms. Married Margaret Louisa Moyer, December 23, 
1933. Children: Carolyn L. Lee and Staton P. Williams, Jr. Ad- 
dress: 331 North Ninth Street, Albemarle, N. C. 

NELSON WOODSON 

(Twenty-first District — Counties: Cabarrus and Rowan. Two 
Senators.) 

Nelson Woodson, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-first Sen- 
atorial District, was born at Salisbury, N. C, March 26, 1909. Son 
of Walter H. and Pauline Bernhardt Woodson. Attended Salis- 
bury High School, 1921-1925; University of North Carolina, A.B. 



Biographical Sketches 477 

degree, 1929; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B. 
degree, 1932. Lawyer. Member of Rowan County Bar Association; 
North Carolina Bar Association, President, 1956-1957; American 
Bar Association. Partner, Woodson & Woodson, Attorneys. Served 
in the U. S. Army, 1942-1946; 77th Infantry Division in the Pa- 
cific; discharged as Captain. Rotarian and Elk. State Senator in 
the General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Episcopalian. 
Married Mary Holt Whittle, October 19, 1946. Children: Walter 
Nelson Woodson and Mary Holt Woodson. Address: 225 South 
Fulton Street, Salisbury, N. C. 



J. K. Doughton — Speaker 



Anderson of Caldwell 
Arledge of Polk 
Askew of Gates 



Bell of Carteret 
Blue of Moore 
Bost of Cabarrus 



Bowman of Brunswick 
Brinkley of Alexander 
Britt of Bladen 



Brock of Davie 

Buchanan of Jackson 
Burgess of Camden 



Burleson of Mitchell 
Bynum of Richmond 
Byrum of Chowan 
















Biographical Sketches 479 

REPRESENTATIVES 

JAMES KEMP DOUGHTON 

SPEAKER 

James Kemp Doughton, Democrat, Representative from Alle- 
ghany County, was born at Sparta, N. C, May 18 1884. Son of 
Rufus A. and Sue (Parks) Doughton. Attended Oak Ridge Insti- 
tute and University of North Carolina. Farmer. Trust Officer, 
Northwestern Bank, North Wilkesboro. Formerly bank official; 
State and National Bank Examiner; Manager Richmond Agency 
Reconstruction Finance Corporation ; General Agent and Chair- 
man Board Farm Credit Administration, Baltimore. Representa- 
tive in General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Methodist. 
First marriage to Josephine Brown of Raleigh, N. C. Three chil- 
dren. Second marriage to Ivy G. Doughton of Laurel Springs. Ad- 
dress: Rt. 3, Sparta, N. C. 

JOHN LELAND ANDERSON 

John Leland Anderson, Republican, Representative from Cald- 
well County, was born in that county, August 15, 1906. Son of 
Leland Lofeyette and Cornelia (Oxford) Anderson. Graduate of 
Caldwell County High Schools; local business training under pri- 
vate tutor. Furniture and tapestry dealer. Active in Community 
and county organizations, P.T.A. Member Community Betterment; 
Patriotic Sons of America, having held all offices of local camp as 
well as Deputy State President; President of Whitnel Kiwanis 
Club, 1955. Representative in the General Assembly of 1953 and 
1955. Methodist; Superintendent of Sunday School, Trustee, Lay 
Leader and Sunday School Teacher. Married Margie Arney, No- 
vember 5, 1929. One daughter: Jerolene, now Mrs. T, G. Messick, 
Jr. Address: Whitnel, N. C. 

JAMES THURSTON ARLEDOE 

James Thurston Arledge, Democrat, Representative from Polk 
County, was born in Saluda, N. C, July 22, 1921. Son of Hosea 
Levi and Alpha Elizabeth (Tallant) Arledge. Graduated from 
Tryon High School in 1940. Manager of Arledge Hardware Com- 



480 North Carolina Manual 

pany, Tryon, N. C. Member Out Board Motor Boat Club of Amer- 
ica; Polk County Democratic Executive Committee, 1951-1956; Past 
Member Tryon Kiwanis Club; Chairman Tryon Democratic Pre- 
cinct Committee; Secretary & Treasurer N. C. YDC 11th District, 
1952; Vice President Western District of N. C. YDC, 1956-1957. 
Member Jeff L. Nelson Lodge No. 605 A.F. & A.M.; Polk County 
Memoiial American Legion Post No. 250, Commander, 1946, 1947, 
1950; Commander 33rd District American Legion, 1955. Sergeant 
in U. S. Marine Corps, 1943-1956; also served in Marine Corps 
during Korean War, September, 1950 to August, 1951. Baptist. 
Married Margaret Cline, March 26, 1948. Two sons, David Cline 
Arledge, age 6 and Micheal Robert Arledge, age 4. Address: Vine- 
yard Road, Tryon, N. C. 

ALLEN EDGAR ASKEW 

Allen Edgar Askew, Democrat, Representative from Gates 
County, was born in Eure, N. C, March 6, 1918. Son of William 
John and Venie (Piland) Askew. Attended Eure Grammar School, 
1925-1932; Gatesville High School, 1932-1936; Elon College, B.A., 
1940. Merchant. Mason, Lodge 126, Gatesville. Served in U. S. 
Army from February 4, 1940, to September 27, 1945, with Sixth 
Armored Division with rank of Corporal. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1951, 1953 and 1955. Member of Christian 
Church; Teacher of Men and Women Sunday School Class. Mar- 
ried Martha Elizabeth Stokes, July 18, 1944. One son: Allen 
Edgar Askew, Jr. Address: Gatesville, N. C. 

DANIEL GRAHAM BELL 

Daniel Graham Bell, Democrat, Representative from Carteret 
County, was born in Morehead City, N. C, August 9, 1913. Son 
of Daniel Graham and Madie A. Bell. Attended Morehead City 
High School, 1921-1932. Merchant. Commissioner, Town of More- 
head City since 1947; Mayor Pro-tem since 1951. Member Elks 
Club; Past President Morehead City Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce; Past President Morehead City Chamber of Commerce; 
Commodore Morehead City Sailing Club, 1946-1950. Winner of the 
J. C. Young Man of the Year Award, Morehead City, 1939. Served 
as Lieutenant in US Coast Guard during World War II; Lieuten- 



Biographical Sketches 481 

ant Commander, USCGR and Commanding Officer of Coast Guard 
Reserve Unit, Morehead City. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1955. Methodist; Steward, 1938-1942, 1946-1948. Ad- 
dress: Morehead City, N. C. 

HERBERT CLIFTON BLUE 

Herbert Clifton Blue, Democrat, Representative from Moore 
County, vi^as born in Hoke County, N. C. (then Cumbei'land) , 
August 28, 1910. Son of John Patrick and Christian (Stewart) 
Blue. Graduated from Vass-Lakeview High School in 1929. Pub- 
lisher "The Sandhill Citizen," Aberdeen, N. C. Member, Town of 
Aberdeen Board of Commissioners, 1945; President, Moore County 
YDC Club, 1941-1946; Elected Eighth Congressional District YDC 
Chairman, 1946; Secretary North Carolina Young Democratic 
Clubs, 1947-1948; President North Carolina Young Democratic 
Clubs, 1948-1949; Secretary State Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee, 1949 to 1952; Member Moore County Democratic Executive 
Committee; Charter member, Aberdeen Lions Club; President of 
the Club for the 1946-1947 term; Zone Chairman 1947-1948; 
Deputy District Governor, 1953-1954. Mason. Woodman of the 
World. President Vass-Lakeview High School Alumni Association, 
1933-1935; also 1942. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1947, 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Presbyterian. Served as Super- 
intendent of Cypress Sunday School, 1930-1940; Deacon in Cy- 
press Church, 1931-1941 ; Superintendent, Bethesda Presbyterian 
Sunday School, 1940 to present time; Deacon, Bethesda Church, 
1941-1946; elected Elder and Clerk of Session, Bethesda Church, 
1946. Director N. C. Press Association. Married Gala Lee Nun- 
nery, July 4, 1937. Three children : Patricia Joyce, age 18, Her- 
bert Clifton, Jr., age 16; John Lee, age 11. Address: Aberdeen, 
N. C. 

EUGENE THOMPSON BOST, JR. 

Eugene Thompson Bost, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Ca- 
barrus County, was born in Cabarrus County, June 11, 1907. Son 
of E. T. and Zula A. (Hinshaw) Bost. Attended Mount Pleasant 
Collegiate Institute; Duke University, School of Law, 1930-1933. 
Bachelor of Law. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; 



482 North Carolina Manual 

North Carolina Bar Association. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1951; 
Speaker, 1953. Methodist. Mason. Married Bernice Hahn, March 
27, 1937. Address: Concord, N. C. 

JAMES C. BOWMAN 

James C. Bowman, Democrat, Representative from Brunswick 
County, was born in Kenly, N. C, March 27, 1910. Son of John C. 
and Cleva (Griggs) Bowman. Attended Wadesboro High School, 
graduating in 1926; Duke University, 1926-1927; William and 
Mary, 1927-1928; Oglethorpe University, 1928-1929; Virginia Mil- 
itary Institute, 1929-1930; Washington College of Law, Washing- 
ton, D. C, 1935-1938. LL.B. Lawyer. Member American Bar As- 
sociation; North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion. Solicitor Brunswick County Recorder's Court since 1953. Mem- 
ber Southport Lions Club; Brunswick County Farm Bureau; 
Pythagoras Lodge No. 249; 32nd Degree Mason Gautama Consis- 
tory M.R.S.; Live Oak Chapter No. 179 Order of the Eastern 
Star; American Legion Post No. 194, Southport, N. C. Served in 
U. S. Navy, 1941-1946, with active duty in European and South- 
west Pacific areas; at present Lieutenant Commander in U.S.N.R. 
Methodist; Teacher Young People's Sunday School Class. Married 
Ruby Gordon Fuzzell, December 26, 1947. Children: Ann Cameron 
Bowman and Cornelia Lea Bowman. Address : Southport, N. C. 

HAROLD GWYN BRINKLEY 

Harold Gwyn Brinkley, Republican, Representative from Alex- 
ander County, was born in that county, October 17, 1923. Son of 
Charlie L and Stella (Gwaltney) Brinkley. Attended Hiddenite 
High School, Ellendale-Tayorsville High School, 1930-1940. Farm- 
er. Served in World War II, 1944-1946. Married Marie Fox, De- 
cember 1, 1950. Address: Route 1, Taylorsville, N. C. 

SIDNEY DANIEL BRITT 

Sidney Daniel Britt, Democrat, Representative from Bladen 
County, was born near Lumberton, N. C, August 1, 1914. Son of 
Rev. Paul T. and Letitia (Hilborn) Britt. Attended Orrum High 
School, 1921-1931; Bladenboro High School, 1931-1933. Farmer 



Biographical Sketches 483 

and automobile dealer. Manager Bladen Oil Co., 1935-1939; Part- 
ner and Manager Britt Oil Co., 1939-1951; Owner and Manager 
Britt Buick Co., 1951-1953. President Bladen Oil Jobbers Asso- 
ciation, 1946-1948. Member Executive Board of Bladen County 
Hospital; Vice President Bladen County Farm Bureau. Judge 
County Recorder's Court, 1950-1952. Member Woodmen of the 
World; Council Commander, 1946-1947. Baptist; Deacon; Teacher 
Young Men's Class since 1953; Assistant Superintendent Sunday 
School; Director Association Training Union, 1955-1956; Presi- 
dent Baptist Brotherhood, First Church of Bladenboro. Married 
Sarah Nance Britt, August 17, 1935. Children: Charles Fredrick 
Britt, born August 16, 1936 and Ronald Paul Britt, barn February 
3, 1939. Address: Route 1, Bladenboro, N. C. 

BURR COLEY BROCK 

Burr Coley Brock, Republican, Representative from Davie 
County, was born in Farmington, N. C, November 26, 1891. Son 
of Moses B. and Vert (Coley) Brock. Attended schools of Advance, 
Baltimore, Cooleemee, Woodleaf, Farmington and Clemmons High 
School, graduating in 1913; University Law School, 1913-1915; 
A.B., 1916. Lawyer. Mason; Junior Order United American 
Mechanics; Odd Fellows; Member of Grange; Woodmen of the 
World; President Mocksville Lodge of P.O.S. of A., also county 
and district president. Chairman Boy Scout Committee, Farming- 
ton, 1940-1949. Member School Committee, 1941-1949. Trustee Ap- 
palachian State Teachers College, 1949-1952, Vice Chairman, 
1952-1956. Representative in the General Assembly from Davie 
County in 1917, 1933, 1935; Minority Leader in 1951. State Sen- 
ator, 1937, 1943, 1949 and 1955. Minority Leader in the General 
Assembly, 1933; Chairman Joint House and Senate Caucus Com- 
mittee, 1935. Methodist; Teacher Young Men's Class for eight 
years, Mocksville M. E. Church, South; now teaching Men's Wes- 
ley Bible Class; Chairman Circuit Board of Stewards and Lay 
Leader Farmington Methodist Circuit; Chairman of Board of 
Stewards; Chairman, Building Committee; Superintendent of 
Sunday School for four years; Associate Lay Leader, Elkin Dis- 
trict, 1940-1941; Lay Leader, 1942-1943; Associate Lay Leader of 
Thomasville District; Secretary and Treasurer of District Trus- 
tees and Chairman of the Location and Building Committee. Gov- 



484 North Carolina Manual 

ernment appeal agent, World War II. Married Laura Tabor, De- 
cember 23, 1919. Children: B. C. Brock, Jr.; Margaret Jo, Francis, 
John Tabor, James Moses, Richard Joe, William Laurie and Rufus 
Leo. Four gi-andchildren. Address: Mocksville, N. C. 



MARCELLUS BUCHANAN 

Marcellus Buchanan, Democrat, Representative from Jackson 
County, was born in Sylva., N. C, September 30, 1923. Son of 
Marcellus, Jr., and Rebecca (Cathey) Buchanan. Attended Sylva 
High School, graduating in 1940; Western Carolina Teachers 
College, 1941-1942; University of North Carolina Law School, 
LL.B., 1949. Lawyer. Member Jackson County Bar Association; 
N. C. Bar Association; American Bar Association; Attorney for 
Town of Sylva; former Chairman Jackson County Democratic 
Executive Committee; President Jackson County Y.D.C., 1950- 
1952. Member Sylva Lions Club; Chi Phi Fraternity; Phi Alpha 
Delta Law Fraternity. Served in World War II, January 1943 
to October 1945. Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. 
Methodist. Married Jane Poteet in 1943. Address: Sylva, N. C. 



SHERMAN EVERETT BURGESS 

Sherman Everett Burgess, Democrat, Representative from Cam- 
den County, was born in Old Trap, Camden County, N. C, De- 
cember 5, 1908. Son of Willie H. and Eva Bell (Leary) Burgess. 
Attended Public Schools Camden County, 1914-1925; A.B., Duke 
University, 1934. Taught in Public Schools of Camden County, 
1932-1942. Farmer. Member Elizabeth City Rotary Club. Mason. 
Member Widows Son Lodge No. 75, Camden, N. C; Past Master 
1942; District Deputy Grand Master, 1943-1944; New Bern Con- 
sistory No. 3; Sudan Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. of New Bern; Chair- 
man, Camden County Chapter American Red Cross since 1937- 
1952. Chairman, United War Fund Drive for Camden County, 
1943 and 1944. Member, Camden County Draft Board, 1948-1950. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1945 and 1951. Bap- 
tist; Sunday School Superintendent. Married Lorraine Sawyer 
April 2, 1937. Three children: Everett Duke, age 17; David Saw- 
yer, age 16; and Diane Burgess, age 12. Address: Belcross, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 485 

JETER C. BURLESON 

Jeter C. Burleson, Republican, Representative from Mitchell 
County was born in Bakersville, N. C, July 17, 1899. Son of Wil- 
liam Anderson and Hester Ledford Burleson. Attended Bakersville 
High School, 1913-1917; Appalachian State Teachers' College two 
years. Engaged in insurance and bonding. Owner and manager 
of the J. C. Burleson Lumber Co., Bakersville, N. C. Principal, 
Glen Ayre Consolidated School for two years. Clerk, Superior 
Court, Mitchell County, 1922-1930; youngest clerk in State elected 
to that office. Chairman Republican County Executive Committee, 
1928-1930. Delegate from 10th Congressional District to the Re- 
publican National Convention, San Francisco, Calif., 1956. Served 
in Special Session of General Assembly, 1936, regular sessions 
1937, 1939, 1943, 1947, 1951, 1955 and Special Session of 1956. 
Member, Bakersville Men's Club. Mason. Baptist. Married Atta 
Rankin, 1925. Two sons: Bruce Eugene, teacher at UCLA, and 
William Anderson, law student at U. N. C. Address: Bakersville, 
N. C. 



FREDERICK WILLIA3IS0N BYNUM, JR. 

Frederick Williamson Bynum, Jr., Democrat, Representative 
from Richmond County, was born in Aberdeen, N. C, November 
7, 1921. Son of Frederick Williamson and Florence (Page) By- 
num. Attended Rockingham High School ; Darlington School for 
Boys at Rome, Georgia; Duke University, A.B., 1943; Harvard 
Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar 
Association; North Carolina Bar; American Bar Association; 
Richmond County Bar Association. City Attorney for Town of 
Rockingham, 1949-1950. Member Kappa Alpha Fraternity. Lieu- 
tenant (s.g) United States Navy, June of 1943 to June of 1946. 
Methodist; member Board of Stewards; Assistant Teacher Men's 
Sunday School Class. Married Mary Schoolfield Gorham, August 
1, 1953. Address: Laurel Lane, Rockingham, N. C. 



486 North Carolina Manual 

ALBERT GASKINS BYRUM 

Albert Gaskins Byrum, Democrat, Representative from Chowan 
County, was born in Edenton, N. C, December 19, 1902. Son of 
Octavious Coke and Sarah Ida (Basnight) Byrum. Attended 
Edenton Hi,G:h School; N. C. State College, B.S. degree, 1925. 
Farmer. Member Edenton Town Council. Baptist; Trustee. Mar- 
ried Clara Ruth Pruden, June 12, 1929. Children: Betty Byrum 
Ward and Albert Gaskins Byrum, Jr. Address: Edenton, N. C 



JOHN FRANKLIN CARPENTER, SR. 

John Franklin Carpenter, Sr., Republican, Representative 
fi'om Catawba County, was born in Maiden, N. C, January 12, 
1894. Son of David Martin and Mary Janette (Williams) Carpen- 
ter. Attended Catawba College Academy, 1907-1908; South Fork 
Institute, 1908-1910; Catawba College, A. B., 1914. Farmer and 
real estate dealer. Principal of Rockwell, N. C. High School, 
1915. Assistant Secretary and Superintendent of Maiden and 
Providence Cotton Mills prior to World War I. Member Maiden 
City Schools Committee, 1920-1932; Catawba County Board of 
Education, 1932-1951; Trustee Catawba College, 1932-1938; Ca- 
tawba County Surveyor, 1928-1930; Manager, Treasurer and Tax 
Collector of Catawba County, 1951-1955. Member Royal Arch 
Masons, Lincoln Chapter No. 22, Lincolnton, N. C; Maiden 
Lodge No. 592 Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, Master, 1925- 
1927 and Secretary, 1917, 1929-1935; Hickory Commandery No. 
17, Knights Templar, Hickory, N. C; Oasis Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, Charlotte, N. C; Dis- 
trict Deputy, Hickory Masonic District, 1931-1932. Served overseas 
in World War I as Corporal, Company A 323rd Infantry, enlisting 
May 27, 1918 and being discharged June 26, 1919. Member Maiden 
Memorial Evangelical and Reformed Church; Elder since 1945; 
former Deacon, Sunday School Teacher and Superintendent. 
Married Sallie Smyre Fisher, December 28, 1919. Two sons, John 
Franklin Carpenter, Jr. and Edward Martin Carpenter. Address: 
39 East Main Street, Maiden, N. C. 



Carpenter of Catawba 
Childers of Gaston 
Clark of Lincoln 



Coates of Johnston 
Combs of Tyrrell 
Craig of Buncombe 



Crawford of Buncombe 
Crawford of Swain 
Davis of Rutherford 



Delamar of Pamlico 
Bellinger of Gaston 
Dill of Edgecombe 



Eggers of Watauga 
Etheridge of Dare 
Everett of Martin 



Falls of Cleveland 
Ferebee of Cherokee 
Floyd of Columbus 




488 North Carolina Manual 



MAX LAMAR CHILDERS 



# Max Lamar Childers, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 

* County, was born in Lenoir, N. C. Son of W. C. and Gertrude 
(Kincaid) Childers. Attended University of North Carolina; 
Appalachian State Teachers College; University of North Caro- 
lina Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. Member Gaston County 
Bar Association; N. C. Bar Association; American Bar Associa- 
tion. Served in U. S. Air Force as First Lieutenant, 1942-1945. 
Methodist. Married Dolores H. Roberts, June 9, 1945. Two sons. 
Max, Jr., age 9 and David Christian, age 5. Address: 103 Cedar 
Lane, Mt. Holly, N. C. 

DAVID CLARK 

David Clark, Democrat, Representative from Lincoln County, 
was born in Lincolnton, N. C, July 4, 1922. Son of Thorne and 
I Mabel (Gossett) Clark. Attended Lincolnton High School, 1935 

to 1939; Darlington School, 1939 to 1940; Washington and Lee 
University, 1941 to January, 1943, 1946; University of North 
Carolina Law School. Lawyer and farmer. Member N. C. Judicial 
Council; Secretary, 16th Judicial District Bar Association. Mem- 
ber North Carolina Bar Association Committee on Improving and 
Expediting the Administration of Justice; Extension Service 
Advisory Committee; Phi Delta Phi; Phi Delta Theta; Knights 
of Pythias; V. F. W., Vice-Commander; American Legion. Mason. 
Chairman of State Government Reorganization Commission, 1955- 
1957; Co-chairman of N. C. Citizens Committee for Hoover Re- 
port, 1951; Chairman, Lincoln County Red Cross, 1950, 1951. 
Member Junior Chamber of Commerce, State Chairman of Ameri- 
canism Committee, 1950. First Lieutenant, Air Force, 1943 to 1946. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1951, 1953 and 1955. 
Presbyterian. Married Kathryn King Goode of Charlotte, N. C, 
April 18, 1951. Two children: David Clark, Jr. and Allison Thorne 
Clark. Address: Lincolnton, N. C. 

ROY COLUMBUS COATES 

Roy Columbus Coates, Democrat, Representative from Johnston 
County, was born in Johnston County, July 4, 1918. Son of Joseph 
B. and Lula (Smith) Coates. Attended Wilsons Mills Elementary 



Biographical Sketches 489 

School, 1924-1931; Smithfield High School, 1932-1936; North Caro- 
lina State College, 1937-1939. House moving contractor. Member 
Carolina Roadbuilders Association. Member 4-H Club during 
school days; 4-H State Champion Seed Judging Team, 1935; State 
President of 4-H Clubs, 1935. Entered Military service in 1940 
with rank of Private; received pilot training as Aviation Cadet 
and commissioned Second Lieutenant upon graduation; received 
subsequent promotions up to Major in U. S. Army Air Force and 
released from active duty December 6, 1946, Mason; member 
Smithfield Lions Club. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1953 and 1955; Vice-Chairman, Conservation and Development 
Committee, 1955. Baptist; Deacon; Assistant Director of Baptist 
Training Union, 1951-1952. Married Lacy Ruth Powell, December 
24, 1942. One daughter, Kaye Ruth Coates and one son, Roy 
Columbus Coates, IL Address: Route 3, Smithfield, N. C. 

LEWIS L. COMBS 

Lewis L. Combs, Democrat, Representative from Tyrrell County, 
was born in Tyrrell County, September 23, 1909. Son of Benjamin 
B. and Estelle (Patrick) Combs. Attended Wake Forest College 
from 1929-33, B.S. Degree. Principal and teacher in N. C. Public 
Schools for ten years. Farmer. Mason, Providence No. 678, 32nd 
degree Scottish-Rite; New Bern Consistory No. 3; Sudan Temple, 
A. D. O. N. Mystic Shrine, New Bern; O. E. S. Columbia Chapter 
281; Ruritan. Member of Farm Bureau. Representative in the 
General Assembly in 1951, 1953 and special session 1956. Baptist. 
Married Dorothy Liverman, September 1, 1935. Two children: 
Carol Ann, 12 years; Dorothy Lynn, 6 years. Address: Columbia, 
N. C. 

GEORGE WINSTON CRAIG 

George Winston Craig, Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in that county June 18, 1894. Son of 
Locke and Annie (Burgin) Craig. Attended public and private 
schools of Asheville and Webb School, Bellbuckle, Tennessee, 1911; 
University of North Carolina, 1912-1916; Wake Forest Law 
School, 1916. Lawyer. First Lieutenant United States Army, Tank 
Corps, 1917-1919. Member Board of Education, 1925. Referee in 



490 North Carolina Manual 

Bankruptcy. Representative in the General Assembly of 1935, 
1937, 1943, 1945 and 1955. Married Kathryne Taylor, of Hickory, 
N. C, June 8, 1921. Children: Mrs. Milton G. Smith and Mrs. Wal- 
ter H. Davis. Address: 176 Governor's View Road, Asheville, N. C. 

CHARLES RAYMOND CRAWFORD 

Charles Raymond Crawford, Democrat, Representative from 
Swain County, was born at Ela, N. C, July 5, 1902. Son of Gordon 
L. and Mary Jane Crawford. Attended Ela Graded School; Cullo- 
whee High School; teacher training at Cullowhee. Feed whole- 
saler and operator of tourist court. Methodist. Charge Lay Leader; 
Sunday School Superintendent for four years. Address: Whittier, 
N. C. 

IRVIN COOPER CRAWFORD 

Irvin Cooper Crawford, Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Bryson City, N. C, September 1, 1905. 
Son of Gordon Lee and Mary Jane (Cooper) Crawford. Attended 
Cullowhee High School, 1919-1922; Duke University; Wake For- 
est College. Lawyer. Member Swain County Board of Education, 
1933-1934; Mayor Bryson City, 1935-1936; Chairman Swain County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1932-1940. Member Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks; Royal Order of Moose. Methodist; 
Steward, 1953-1956. Married Evelyn Gregory, August 20, 1935. 
One son, Stephen G. Crawford. Address : 10 Hampshire Circle, 
Asheville, N. C. - 

JAMES TOLIVER DAVIS 

James Toliver Davis, Democrat, Representative from Ruther- 
ford County, was born in Forest City, N. C, June 21, 1922. Son 
of James Webb and Lois Elizabeth (Cagle) Davis. Attended Forest 
City Elementary School, 1928-1934; Cool Springs High School of 
Forest City, 1934-1938; Mars Hill Junior College, 1938-1940; 
Wake Forest College Law School, 1940-1943, LL.B. Lawyer, 
Member of American Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation, Inc.; North Carolina State Bar, Inc.; Rutherford County 
Bar Association; Loyal Order of Moose; President Rutherford 



Biographical Sketches 491 

County Young Democrats, 1949; member of Rutherford County 
Board of Elections, 1953; City Attorney for Town of Forest City 
since 1947. Appointed County Attorney for Rutherford County in 
1956. Elected Director of North Carolina League of Municipalities 
in 1955, and re-elected in 1956. Served in the United States Navy, 
1943-1945; now holds commission as Lieutenant in U. S. Naval 
Reserves. Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. Bap- 
tist. Married Jackie Jones, March 13, 1946. Children: Sharon 
Elizabeth Davis and Gayle Gray Davis. Address: Forest City, 
N. C. 

NED EVERETT DELAMAR 

Ned Everett Delamar, Democrat, Representative from Pamlico 
County, was born in Oriental, N. C, July 10, 1920. Son of Ned 
E. and Ina Pearl (Johnson) Delamar. Attended Oriental High 
School, graduating in 1937; Chicago Conservatory of Music, 1938- 
1939; Smith-Deal Massey Business College, Richmond, Va., 1946- 
1947. Retail merchant. City Commissioner, 1949-1950. Member 
Mount Vernon Masonic Lodge No. 359 of Oriental. Served in 
U. S. Army, 1940-1945, as Infantry Platoon Sergeant and First 
Sergeant in combat; received direct commission; at present First 
Lieutenant in U. S. Army Reserve. Recipient of Combat Infantry- 
mans Badge, Bronze Star Medal, Good Conduct Medal, World War 
II Victory Medal, Croix de Guerre, Distinguished Unit Badge, 
American Defense Service Medal, American Theater Service Rib- 
bon and European African Middle Eastern Service Ribbon. Metho- 
dist; Sunday School teacher for past nine years. Married Libby 
Marie Woodard, April 27, 1946. Children: Ned Jr., Dennis and 
Mary. Address: Oriental, N. C. 

DAVID P. DELLINGER 

David P. Dellinger, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in that county. Son of John C. and Barbara 
(Glenn) Dellinger, a relative of the late Governor Robert B. 
Glenn. Attended the public schools and Sylvanus Erwin Normal 
Institute, Waco, N. C, 1893-1896; Rutherford College (Old), 
1897-1899, A.B. Degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 
1900. Licensed by the Supreme Court, September, 1900. Lawyer. 



492 North Carolina Manual 

Delivered Alumni Address Rutherford College, commencement, 
1912 and again in 1926. Mayor of Cherryville, 1901-1902, and 
1933-1935. City Attorney, 1900-1935. Clerk to Committee on Fi- 
nance, 1909. Executive Vice-President Rhyne-Houser Manufac- 
turing Company; Local Counsel Seaboard Air Line Railway since 
1913. Representative in the General Assembly of the extra session, 
1912 and regular sessions of 1913, 1925, 1937, 1943, 1945, 1947, 
1951 and 1953. Reading Clerk in House of Representatives, 1915, 
1917, 1919, 1921, 1923, and 1927. Chairman, Committee on In- 
surance, 1925. Chairman, Committee on Propositions and Griev- 
ances, 1937. Masonic Lodge life member; Royal Arch Mason; 
Knights Templar; Oasis Temple Shrine; Scottish Rite; Thirty- 
third Degree Mason; Received Thirty-third Degree in Masonry 
with President Harry S. Truman as active candidate; Inspector 
General Honorary; Past Chancellor Commander, Knights of Py- 
thias; D. O. K. K.; Junior Order United American Mechanics; 
Improved Order of Red Men; Member all Scottish Rite Bodies. 
Served Cherryville Masonic Lodge over twenty-five years as 
Master; Past District Deputy Grand Master, 28th District. Past 
Grand Representative of the Grand Lodge of Arizona, twelve 
years. Baptist; Sunday School Superintendent twenty years; 
Organizer and Clerk, Gaston County Baptist Association of 
sixty-eight churches and 28,000 members; Clerk of Association, 
twenty-eight years. Married Grace Abernethy of Rutherford Col- 
lege in 1903. One daughter, Mrs. Howard Hamrick of Jackson- 
ville, Fla. One grandchild and two great grandchildren. Address: 
Cherryville, N. C. 

THOMAS GREEN DILL 

Thomas Green Dill, Democrat, Representative from Edgecombe 
County, was born in New Bern, N. C, January 19, 1922. Son of 
Alonzo Thomas and Clara Maria (Green) Dill. Attended New 
Bern Public Schools; New Bern High School, graduating in 
1939; University of North Carolina, 1939-1943, A.B. degree; 
University of North Carolina Law School, 1943, 1946-1947, LL.B. 
degree. Lawyer, Member Edgecombe County Bar Association; 
Rocky Mount-Nash County Bar Association; N. C. Bar Associa- 
tion; N. C. State Bar. Staff member North Carolina Law Review, 
1947. Member Edgecombe County Democratic Executive Commit- 



Biographical Sketches 493 

tee. Prosecuting- Attorney, City of Rocky Mount, 1950-1955. Mem- 
ber Phi Delta Phi Legral Fraternity; Phi Beta Kappa; Delta 
Kappa Epsilon Fraternity; Rocky Mount Junior Chamber of 
Commerce; American Legion; Edgecombe County Young- Demoo- 
cratic Club. Served in U. S. Naval Reserve, 1943-1946; attended 
Midshipman's School, Northwestern University; commissioned 
Ensign in 1943; served Amphibious Forces in Central Pacific 
and China; released to inactive duty as Lieutenant (jg), U.S.N.R.; 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. Presbyterian; 
Deacon since 1950; Vice-President of Men of Church, Albemarle 
Presbytery, 1952-1953; Superintendent of Sunday School; Teacher 
Young Adults Class. Married Ann Sloan Fountain of Rocky Mount, 
November 3, 1944. Children: Ann Sloan Dill, Harriet Fountain 
Dill, Susan Green Dill and Thomas Green Dill, Jr. Address 723 
Sycamore Street, Rocky Mount, N. C. 

STACY CLYDE EGGERS, SR. 

Stacy Clyde Eggers, Sr., Republican, Representative from 
Watauga County, vv^as born in Forest Grove, N. C, April 17, 1890. 
Son of Emsley R. and Lucinda M. (Johnson) Eggers. Attended 
Watauga County Public Schools, 1897-1908; Cove Creek High 
School, 1909; Appalachian Training School 1909-1912. Farmer, 
merchant and real estate broker. Taught in Public Schools of 
Watauga County, 1911 and 1912. Member of Boone Chamber of 
Commerce. Chairman Board of County Commissioners, 1924-1926; 
Bookkeeper, Sheriff's office four years; County Tax Assessor; 
United States Commissioner. Pi-esident and Secretary-Treasurer, 
Sugar Grove National Farm Loan Association; Chairman Board 
of Directors, Mountain Burley Tobacco Warehouse; President 
Board of Directors, Wilkesboro National Farm Loan Association ; 
Secreary-Treasurer, Boone Tobacco Board of Trade; Member 
Board of Directors, Watauga Fair Association; President of 
Boone National Farm Loan Association. Representative from 
Watauga County in the General Assembly of 1945, 1947 and 
1949. Baptist. Moderator, Three Forks Association, 1940-1944. 
Married Nora South, December 3, 1913. Four children: First 
Lieutenant E. Morris Eggers, Air Corps, killed in action; Chris- 
tine Eggers Simons, Stacy C. Eggers, Jr., Margaret Eggers Perry. 
Address : Boone, N. C. 



494 North Carolina Manual 

ROBERT BRUCE ETHERIDGE 

Robert Bruce Etheridge, Democrat, Representative from Dare 
County, was born at Manteo, July 31, 1878. Son of Van Buren and 
Matilda Etheridge. Attended public schools of Manteo and Atlan- 
tic Collegiate Institute, Elizabeth City; A.B., Trinity College (now 
Duke University) 1899. Cashier Bank of Manteo 1907-1933. Gen- 
eral Insurance. Clerk Superior Court, Dare County; Superintend- 
ent of Schools; Member State Executive Committee 1928-1952; 
Postmaster, Manteo 1914-1922; County Chairman Democratic 
Executive Committee. State Senator from Second District 1907. 
Representative in General Assembly 1903, 1905, 1929, 1931, 1933, 
1951, 1953 and 1955. Director of Conservation and Development 
1933 to May 1949. Member New York World's Fair Commission. 
Chairman Ex-officio Cape Hatteras National Seashore Commission. 
Mason, Treasurer Masonic Lodge twelve years; Junior Order; 
Woodmen of America; Red Men; Kappa Sigma (College frater- 
nity). Married Elizabeth Webb, April 22, 1908. Address: Manteo, 
N. C. 

RICHARD FRANK EVERETT 

Richard Frank Everett, Democrat, Representative from Mar- 
tin County, was born in Hamilton, N. C. Son of LeRoy and Maggie 
Jarvis (Davenport) Everett. Graduated from Oak City High School 
in 1937. Merchant, fertilizer dealer and peanut buyer; also en- 
gaged in farm equipment and insurance business. Past President 
Hamilton Ruritan Club; President Hamilton Lions Club; Post 
Commander Hamilton American Legion Club. Shriner. Served 
two terms as Town Commissioner and two terms as Mayor of 
Town of Hamilton. Captain, U. S. Marine Corps, 1939-1946. Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly of 1955. Baptist; President 
of Young Men's Class. Married Delma Faye Everett, May 2, 1942. 
Three children. Address: Hamilton, N. C. 

BAYARD THURMAN FALLS, JR. 

Bayard Thurman Falls, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Cleveland County, was born at Shelby, N. C, September 14, 1911. 
Son of B. T. and Selma E. Falls. Attended Shelby Public Schools, 
1917-1929; LL.B., Wake Forest College, 1939. Lawyer. Member 



Biographical Sketches 495 

North State Bar. Gamma Eta Gamma, Law Fraternity. President 
Shelby Junior Chamber of Commerce. Charter member Shelby 
Lodge No. 1709 B.P.O.E. Member N. C. Democratic Executive 
Committee. Representative in the General Assembly of 1943, 1949, 
1951, 1953 and 1955. Episcopalian. Married Sara Hines, November 
12, 1938. Two children: Betsy Falls, age 14 and Selma Falls, 
age 10. Address: Shelby, N. C. 



PERCY B. FEREBEE 

Percy B. Ferebee, Democrat, Representative from Cherokee 
County, was born in Elizabeth City, N. C. Son of James Bartlett 
and Alice (Bell) Ferebee. Attended Elizabeth City High School; 
North Carolina State College, B.E. in electrical engineering, 1913. 
Banker. Member American Bankers Association ; North Carolina 
Bankers Association, Treasurer; Executive Committee, North 
Carolina Bankers Association; Chairman, Group Ten, North Caro- 
lina Bankers Association. Mayor, Town of Andrews, 1920-1924, 
1950-1954. Married Florence Flood (now deceased) of Watkins 
Glen, N. Y., 1920. One son, James B. Ferebee, IL Address: An- 
drews, N. C. 



FRANCIS WAYLAND FLOYD 

Francis Wayland Floyd, Democrat, Representative from Robe- 
son County, was born in Lumberton, N. C, May 23, 1904. Son of 
Francis A. and Nora Mae (Lewis) Floyd. Attended Wake Forest 
College and Wake Forest Law School. Lawyer and farmer. Solic- 
itor Robeson County Recorder's Court, 1936-1940 and 1944-1948. 
Member Fairmont Civitan Club, Past President; Past Lieutenant 
Governor of N. C. District Civitan International; 32nd Degree 
Mason; Shriner, Sudan Temple, New Bern, N. C; Woodman of 
the World; Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Past President 
Fairmont Chamber of Commerce. Attorney for Town of Fair- 
mont, 1936-1946. Representative in General Assembly in 1949, 
1951, 1953 and 1955. Baptist. First marriage to Meddie Thomp- 
son, July 5, 1926 (deceased) ; second marriage to Lillian Faulk, 
November 6, 1954. Children: Robert F. Floyd and Edwin O. Floyd. 
Address: Fairmont, N. C. 



Floyd of Robeson 
Fowler of Surry 

Gaither of Transylvania 



Gavin of Randolph 
Gobble of Forsyth 
Gregory of Harnett 



Griggs of Currituck 
Hardy of Greene 
Hargett of Jones 



Harris of Wake 
Harriss of Rowan 

Henley of Cumberland 



Hewlett of New Hanover 
Hicks of Mecklenburg 
Hill of Durham 



Holcombe of Yancey 
Holmss of Perquimans 
Hostetler of Hoke 





■■i TJflTTllliiiiii 




k 



Biographical Sketches 497 

WILLIAM F. FLOYD 

William F. Floyd, Democrat, Representative from Columbus 
County, was born at Green Sea, S. C, November 3, 1907. Son of 
Dr. J. W. and Rebecca (Cunningham) Floyd. Attended Tabor 
City High School, 1921-1925; University of North Carolina for 
two years. General insurance business. Member National, State 
and County Insurance Associations. County Commissioner, 1946- 
1948, 1948-1950; Chairman of Board, 1950-1952. Member White- 
ville Civitan Club; Moose Club; Country Club. Charter member, 
Board of Directors, Boys Home of North Carolina, Inc. Entered 
U. S. Army March 21, 1942; CCS September 12, 1942 and com- 
missioned December 13, 1942; separated as Captain, October 14, 
1945. Representative in General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. 
Presbyterian; Deacon. Married Mary Lesesne Brown, May 10, 
1942. Children: Mary Frances, age 14, Joseph Walker, age 10, 
William Frederick Jr., age 8, and Robert Dixon, born Decem- 
ber 28, 1956. Address: Whiteville, N. C. 

JOSEPH RALPH FOWLER, JR. 

Joseph Ralph Fowler, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Surry County, was born in Faison, N. C, November 17, 1925. 
Son of Joe R., Sr. and Bernie (Allen) Fowler. Attended Mt. Airy 
High School, 1938-1942; University of North Carolina, 1942- 
1943; Cornell College, Mt. Vernon, Iowa, 1946-1948, A.B. in 
Political Science and Economics. Automobile dealer. Member 
N. C. Automobile Dealer's Association, Area Chairman 1950- 
1954; National Automobile Dealer's Association; Farm Bureau. 
Phi Delta Theta; Mu Lambda Sigma, Vice-President and Pledge 
Master, 1947; Renfro Masonic Lodge No. 691, A. F. & A. M. of 
Mt. Airy; Lions Club, Vice-President 1950 and Zone Chairman 
1951. Surry County Y. D. C, Vice-President 1945 and President 
1948-1949; Chairman Fifth District Y. D. C, 1950-1951; Central 
Division Organizer of Y. D. C. in 1951 ; permanent Chairman 
Y. D. C. Convention, 1956. Chairman of Mt. Airy Industrial and 
Business Development Association. United States Navy, H.A. 1/c, 
Aviation Cadet, active duty August 1943 to September 1945; 
inactive duty, September 1945 to September 1947. Commander 
American Legion Post 123, 1954; Member Mt. Airy Jaycees. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1953 and 1955, and 



498 North Carolina Manual 

Special Session of 1956. Methodist; Steward. Married Patricia 
Shine, September 25, 1945. Two children: Glory Williams Fowler 
and Joy Allen Fowler. Address: 118 East Lebanon Street, Mt. 
Airy, N. C. 

JAMES CLYDE GAITHER 

James Clyde Gaither, Democrat, Representative from Transyl- 
vania County, was born in Mocksville, N. C. Son of Benjamin 
Arthur and Betty Ann (Shaw) Gaither. Attended Harmony High 
School, 1931; Lewis Hotel Training School, Washington, D. C, 
1936; University of Chicago, 1948, certificate in restaurant man- 
agement; Army's Cooks' and Bakers' School, Fort Bragg, N. C, 
1933; Navy's Cooks' and Bakers' School, Jacksonville, Fla., 1943. 
Restaurant owner and manager. Member National Restaurant As- 
sociation ; Director North Carolina Association of Quality Restau- 
rants since 1949; Director WNC Highlanders since 1951. Member 
Brevard Elks Lodge; Brevard Moose Lodge; Woodmen of the 
World; Junior Order American Mechanics; American Legion; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars; WNC Historical Society. Brevard 
Chamber of Commerce, President, 1956; Vice President and Direc- 
tor, Brevard Rotary Club; Director Transylvania Industrial Cor- 
poration ; Sponsor Transylvania Rural Development Program ; 
Served in U. S. Navy as Bkrs/1, 1943-1945. Baptist. Children: 
James C. Gaither, Jr., Virginia Gail Gaither, Joyce Ann Gaither 
and Danny Hayes Gaither, all of Brevard. Address : 287 Maple 
Street, Brevard, N. C. 

WILEY EDWIN GAVIN 

Wiley Edwin Gavin, Republican, Representative from Randolph 
County, was born in Sanford, N. C, March 3, 1921. Son of E. L. 
and Mary Caudle Gavin. Attended Sanford Grammar Schools, 
1927-1934; Sanford High School, 1934-1938; Wake Forest College, 
1938-1942, B.S. degree; Wake Forest Law School, 1946-1948, LL.B. 
Member of Law Firm of Coltrane and Gavin, Asheboro, N. C. Tax 
Attorney for Randolph County. Served in U. S. Army, 1942-1946; 
October 1950-April 1952, Captain, Judge Advocates Gen. Corps. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Baptist; 
Deacon since 1949. Address: Asheboro, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 499 

FLEETUS LEE GOBBLE 

Fleetus Lee Gobble, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Davidson County, N. C, January 1, 1891. Son 
of John H. and Frances (Foster) Gobble. Attended Public Schools 
Davidson County 1897-1910. Entered Atlanta Barber College Janu- 
ary 2, 1911 and completed course. Barber. Barber and Beauty 
School Operator. Member Associated Master Barbers of America; 
President State Association Master Barbers 1934-1935. Member 
Educational and Legislative Committee since 1935. Member Wilson 
Democratic Club. Member of Chamber of Commerce. Member House 
of Representatives 1941, 1943, 1945, 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. 
Methodist; Treasurer 1926-1928; President Men's Bible Class 1925- 
1926; Board of Stewards 1925-1932. Married Blanche Evans. Three 
children: Juanita, Dr. Fleetus L., Jr., and James F. Address: 1710 
West Clemmonsville Road, Winston-Salem, N. C. 



CARSON GREGORY 

Carson Gregory, Democrat, Representative from Harnett County, 
was born in that county, August 11, 1911. Son of Alex and Carra 
(Parrish) Gregory. Attended Campbell College one year. Farmer; 
dairyman; dealer in dairy cattle; interested in Carolina Auction 
Cattle Company; breeder of Registered Spotted Poland China 
Swine; owner of Red Bird Cab Company; co-owner of cafe. Mem- 
ber Board of Directors N. C. Spotted Poland China Breeders Asso- 
ciation; Vice President Harnett County Artificial Breeders' Asso- 
ciation. Member of the Agricultural Foundation Inc. of N. C. State 
College; Coats Agriculture Planning Committee; Harnett County 
Agricultural Planning Committee; Local AAA Committee of Har- 
nett County for several years; made honorary member of the 
Future Farmers of America of the Coats Chapter in 1956. Former 
Chairman and Vice Chairman of Harnett County Farm Bureau; 
President of Harnett County Farm Bureau in 1956 for fourth 
term; member of Harnett County Kellogg Committee; Commis- 
sioner Harnett County, December 1948 to December 1950. Chair- 
man of Coats P. T. A. in 1956; District Finance Chairman for the 
Boy Scouts Drive of Harnett County District of Occoneechee 
Council; Chairman of Harnett County Finance Committee for the 
Boy Scouts, 1956. Member W. 0. W., Erwin Lodge; J.O.U.A.M., 



500 North Carolina Manual 

Coats Lodge No. 417, Board of Trustees and Financial Secretary; 
Vice Council 18th District O. U. A. M., 1956; appointed State 
Deputy Councilor of North Carolina Junior Order United Ameri- 
can Mechanics, November 27, 1956; Mason, Angier Lodge No. 686, 
A.F. & A.M.; member Dunn Shrine Club; member Sudan Temple; 
32nd Degree Scottish Rite Mason; Coats Fellowship Club. Repre- 
sentative from Harnett County in the General Assembly of 1951, 
1953 and 1955. Member Nichols Sunday School Class of Coats First 
Baptist Church. Married Blanche Williams, November 4, 1939. 
Three children: Carson Gregory, Jr., Joe Gregory and Frances 
Gregory. Address: Rt. 2, Angier, N. C. 



WALTON SIDNEY GRIGGS 

Walton Sidney Griggs, Democrat, Representative from Curri- 
tuck County, was born in Point Harbor, N. C, September 19, 1905. 
Son of Albert Sidney and Minnie Pauline (Newbern) Griggs. At- 
tended Dr. W. T. Griggs High School, Poplar Branch, N. C. Owner 
and operator of the Point Harbor Grill. Member Currituck County 
Board of Education, 1953-1955. Mason, Currituck Lodge No. 463; 
Shriner, Sudan Temple; Knights Templar, Griggs Commandery 
No. 14. Member Powells Point Christian Church, Harbinger, N. C. 
Married Ruth Lee Midgett, May 19, 1939. Two children: Marjorie 
Elizabeth and Molly Louise. Address: Point Harbor, N. C. 



HERBERT WALLACE HARDY 

Herbert Wallace Hardy, Democrat, Representative from Greene 
County, was born in Chatham County, July 24, 1919. Son of 
Herbert Seth and Mattie (Stevenson) Hardy. Attended Sanford 
Elementary Schools, 1925-1931; Sanford High School, 1932-1936; 
University of North Carolina, 1937-1941. Farmer. President of 
Class of 1941 at University; also permanent President of Class of 
1941. Served in World War II as Staff Sergeant, 1942-1945; 
Master Sergeant, 1949-1952. Methodist; Trustee; Steward; Sunday 
School Teacher. Married Wilma F. Fry, February, 1946. Children: 
Herbert Stevenson Hardy, John Carlton Hardy and Barbara Lynn 
Hardy. Address: Maury, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 501 

JOHN McKENZIE HARGETT 

John McKenzie Hargett, Democrat, Representative from Jones 
County, was born in Jacksonville, N. C, July 15, 1899. Son of John 
Sandlin and Olivia (Steed) Hargett. Graduated from Trenton High 
School in 1917; University of North Carolina, 1917-1921, A.B. 
degree; also various summer schools. Farmer and service station 
owner. Served as high school teacher and principal for twenty- 
two years. Several times Vice Chairman of Jones County P.M.A. 
Committee and former member F.H.A. Committee. Past member 
Blue Lodge Mason of Trenton and Royal Arch (7 degrees) of 
New Bern. Member Clen Newton Smith Post of American Legion, 
Number 154, Trenton, N. C, County Chairman of Red Cross for 
1955. Veteran World War I; served in U. S. Army from October 
1, 1918 to December 11, 1918 while a student at University of 
North Carolina. Representative in the General Assembly of 1953 
and 1955. Methodist. Married Linda lona Thigpen, September 11, 
1942. Address: Route 2, Trenton, N. C. 

WILLIAM CLINTON HARRIS, JR. 

William Clinton Harris, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Wake County, was born in Raleigh, N. C, January 1, 1913. Son 
of William Clinton and Juliet Sutton (Crews) Harris. Attended 
Hugh Morson High School, Raleigh, N. C, 1929; Virginia Episco- 
pal School, 1929-30; University of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 
1934; University of North Carolina Law School, 1934-36. Lawyer. 
Member State Bar; North Carolina Bar Association; American 
Bar Association; Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity. United States 
Navy, 1942-46, Lieutenant Commander. Episcopalian. Married 
Jean Roslyn Erskine July 25, 1945. Children: W. C. Harris, III, 
Malcolm E. Harris and Sarah F. Harris. Address: 124 North Lord 
Ashley Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

CLYDE HAMPTON HARRISS, SR. 

Clyde Hampton Harriss, Sr., Democrat, Representative from 
Rowan County, was born in Laurinburg, N. C, December 2, 1902. 
Son of T. W. and Cornelia Baldwin Harriss. Graduated from 
Laurinburg High School, 1919; Georgia Military Academy, Busi- 
ness Administration, 1921. Automobile, automobile finance and 



502 North Carolina Manual 

insurance business. Member N. C. Automobile Dealers Associa- 
tion, former Director; National Automobile Dealers Association; 
American Finance Conference; N. C. Association of Automobile 
Finance Companies, Past President; Salisbury Sales Executives 
Club, President. Served on General Motors Dealers Council, 1942- 
1946. Red Cross Drive Chairman for several years; Past Presi- 
dent of Red Cross Chapter; County War Bond Chairman during 
World War II. Member Lions Club, Past President; Elks Club; 
The Sphinx Club of Raleigh; Salisbury Country Club; Salisbury 
Chamber of Commerce; Knights of Pythias; Y.M.C.A. Mason. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. Lutheran. Married 
Mildred Godfrey, December 10, 1927. Three children, two sons and 
one daughter. Address: Milford Drive, Milford Hills, Salisbury, 
N. C. 

JOHN TANNERY HENLEY 

John Tannery Henley, Democrat, Representative from Cumber- 
land County, was born in Wadesboro, N. C, August 10, 1921. Son 
of Frank C. and Melissa (Hamilton) Henley. Attended Mt. Vernon 
Goodwin Elementary School, 1929-1935; Gary High School, 1935- 
1939; University of North Carolina, B.S. in Pharmacy, 1943. 
Pharmacist, owner of Clinic Pharmacy in Hope Mills, N. C. Mem- 
ber North Carolina Pharmaceutical Association; National Associa- 
tion of Retail Druggists. Mayor, Town of Hope Mills, 1946-1952 
and member of Town Commission, 1952-1956. Member Kappa Psi 
Pharmacy Fraternity and Masonic Order. Staff Sergeant in U. S. 
Army from November 1943 to December 1945; served in Europe 
with Ninth Division. Methodist; Steward for ten years and Su- 
perintendent of Sunday School for four years. Married Rebecca 
Ann Beddingfield, July 28, 1943. Children: three sons, ages five, 
seven and nine. Address: Box 608, Hope Mills, N. C. 

ADDISON HEWLETT, JR. 

Addison Hewlett, Jr., Democrat, Representative from New Han- 
over County, was born at Masonboro Sound, Wilmington, N. C, 
May 4, 1912. Son of Addison, Sr. and Ethel (Herring) Hewlett. 
Attended Masonboro Elementary School, 1918-1924; New Hanover 
High School, Wilmington, 1924-1929; Wake Forest College, B.S., 



Biographical Sketches 503 

1933; Wake Forest Law School, 1933-1934. Attorney at Law. 
Member, New Hanover County Bar Association; President, 1948; 
North Carolina Bar Association. Member, Improved Order of Red 
Men, Sachem of Cherokee Tribe No. 5, 1937; Wilmington Civitan 
Club, President, 1941 ; American Legion, Commander of Wilming- 
ton Post No. 10, 1948. Trustee of Wake Forest College, 1950. 
Entered Army as private, June 12, 1942; separated as Captain, 
March 11, 1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 1951, 
1953 and 1955. Baptist. Married Annie Crockett Williams, June 
19, 1939. One son: Theodore Herring Hewlett. Address: Mason- 
boro Sound, Wilmington, N. C. 



ERNEST LEE HICKS 

Ernest Lee Hicks, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Ionia, Michigan, September 15, 1892. Son of 
John Thomas and Gazella (Clark) Hicks. Attended Ionia High 
School, Ionia, Michigan; Olivet College, Olivet, Michigan; Univer- 
sity of Michigan; Pre-Medical, University of Michigan. Automo- 
bile dealer until December 11, 1954; President, Pettit Motor Com- 
pany of Charlotte, N. C. Former member N. C. Automobile Dealers 
Association; National Automobile Dealers Association; Charlotte 
Automobile Dealers Association, Past President and Director; 
Member Legislative Committee Charlotte Merchants Association; 
Director Charlotte Chamber of Commerce; Member of Legislative 
Committee of N. C. Automobile Dealers Association, 1950; Na- 
tional Ford Dealer Council, 1952. Member Joppa Lodge, No. 530- 
AF and AM, Past Master, 1930-1931; Carolina Consistory; Char- 
lotte Oasis Temple; Charlotte Executives Club; Chai'lotte City 
Club; Myers Park Country Club; Charlotte Rotary Club, President, 
1951-52 and member Board of Directors, 1949. Former Director, 
Community Chest Board. Ensign, United States Naval Reserve 
Force, with active duty from October, 1917 to July 1919. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1953. Member Covenant 
Presbyterian Church; Deacon since 1927. Married Susan Garth 
Bible, May 3, 1920. Children: John Darwin Hicks; Marilee Clark 
Hicks (now Mrs. John N. McLaughlin) ; Suzanne Jones Hicks. 
Address: 500 Clement Avenue, Charlotte, N. C. 



18 



504 North Carolina Manual 

WATTS HILL, JR. 

Watts Hill, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Durham County, 
was born in Baltimore, Md., August 3, 1926. Son of George Watts 
and Anne (McCulloch) Hill. Attended Millbrook School, Millbrook, 
N. Y., 1938-1944; Princeton University; University of North Caro- 
lina, A.B. degree in economics, 1947; Institute of Higher Interna- 
tional Studies, Geneva, Switzerland, 1948. Banker; Vice President 
of Durham Bank & Trust Company. Director, Home Security Life 
Insurance Company, Security Savings & Loan Association and 
Pennsylvania Exchange Bank (New York). Member Southern 
Economic Association; Robert Morris Associates; Financial Public 
Relations Association; Durham Committee of 100; Durham Mer- 
chants Association ; Junior Chamber of Commerce. Treasurer 
American Association for the United Nations for N. C; Trustee 
N. C. Symphony Society; Director Durham Merchants Association, 
Aeronautical Electronics, and Carolinas United Red Feather Serv- 
ices. Member Durham City Council, 1955-1956. Rotarian. Served 
in U. S. Navy as Ensign, 1944-1946. Presbyterian. Married Mary 
Lamberton, July 22, 1946. One son, Watts Hill, III, age 6 and one 
daughter, Deborah L. Hill, age 3. Address: 1212 Hill Street, 
Durham, N. C. 



HARLON HOLCOMBE 

Harlon Holcombe, Democrat, Representative from Yancey 
County, was born in Mars Hill, N. C, February 1, 1917. Son of 
Fred H. and Kimmie (Davis) Holcombe. Attended Mars Hill High 
School, graduating in 1934; Gupton-Jones School of Embalming, 
graduating in 1935. Funeral director and embalmer; partner, 
Holcombe Brothers Funeral Home of Burnsville, N. C. Member 
N. C. Funeral Directors & Embalmers Ass'n.; Burnsville Mens 
Club; Burnsville Town Council, 1948-1952. Served in World War 
II from April, 1942 to December, 1943 as Corporal, Medical De- 
partment. Member Bald Creek Masonic Lodge No. 397, Master, 
1953; Bald Creek Chapter No. 56 Royal Arch Masons, High 
Priest, 1952; Bald Creek Chapter No. 276 O.E.S., Worthy Patron, 
1955. Presbyterian; Elder since 1954. Married Alma Robinson, 
April, 1947. Children: Jean Annette Holcombe, age 7 and Patti 
Lynn Holcombe, age 1. Address: Burnsville, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 505 

CARROLL RANSOM HOLMES 

Carroll Ransom Holmes, Democrat, Representative from Prequi- 
mans County, was born in Benson, N. C, August 6, 1902. Son of 
John William and Emily Wilmouth (Britt) Holmes. Attended Fork 
Union Military Academy, 1921-1922; Wake Forest College, B.S., 
Civics, 1926; University of North Carolina Law School, 1926-1928. 
Lawyer. Member, N. C. State Bar; North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion and American Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney, Perqui- 
mans County Recorder's Court, 1943-1944. Member, Perquimans 
Lodge, A.F. & A.M. No. 106, Jr. and Sr. Warden and Secretary; 
York Rite Masonic Bodies, Elizabeth City, N. C. Director, Hertford 
Rotary Club, President, 1953-1954; Elizabeth City Executives Club. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1951, 1953, and 1955. 
Baptist; Chairman, Board of Deacons, 1949, 1950, 1951. Married 
Hannah Mae Fleetwood, June 12, 1929. One daughter, Catherine 
Anne; one son, John W., IIL Address: Hertford, N. C. 

CHARLES ANDERSON HOSTETLER 

Charles Anderson Hostetler, Democrat, Representative from 
Hoke County, was born in Raleigh, N. C, August 14, 1924. Son 
of Earl Henry and Mildred (Anderson) Hostetler. Attended Need- 
ham Broughton High School, graduating in 1942; Wake Forest 
College; Wake Forest College Law School, LL.B., 1949. Lawyer. 
Member N. C. Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; 12th District 
Bar, past president. Chief Deputy Insurance Commissioner for 
North Carolina Insurance Department, 1952-1955. Member Kappa 
Alpha Order and Phi Delta Phi. Served in World War II as Private 
First Class, 1943-1946. Baptist; Deacon. Married Anne Gore, June 
27, 1953. One son, Charles Anderson Hostetler, Jr. Address: Rae- 
ford, N. C. 

GUY LACKEY HOUR 

Guy Lackey Houk, Democrat, Representative from Macon 
County, was born in Morganton, N. C, August 2, 1897. Son of 
H. 0. and Lura (Lackey) Houk. Attended Morganton High School, 
graduating in 1912; Emory & Henry College, A.B., 1916; graduate 
work, Emory University and North Carolina State College. Law- 
yer. Mayor Town of Franklin, 1938-1939; Macon County Superin- 



Houk of Macon 
Hughes of Avery 
Hunt of Guilford 



Johnson of Duplin 
Jones of Ashe 
Jones of Pitt 



Jordan of Buncombe 
Kemp of Guilford 
Kennedy of Wilkes 



Kerr of Warren 
Kiser of Scotland 
Leake of Madison 



Lloyd of Graham 
Long of Alamance 
Love of Mecklenburg 



Martin of Clay 

McCrary of Haywood 
McKnight of Iredell 




Biographical Sketches 507 

tendent of Schools, 1939-1951; County Attorney for Macon County 
1939-1948. Mason; Grand Orator, Grand Lodge of N. C, 1947; 
American Legion; District Governor, Rotary International, 1937. 
Served in United States Marine Corp during World War I, 1918- 
1919. Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. Methodist. 
Married Lynn Johnston, June 8, 1924. One son, Fred J. Houk. 
Address: Franklin, N. C. 

JAMES FRANK HUGHES 

James Frank Hughes, Republican, Representative from Avery 
County, was born in Linville, N. C, June 20, 1925. Son of Colom- 
bus Henry and Bertha (Boone) Hughes. Attended Newland High 
School, 1931-1941. Co-owner and manager of Linville Lumber Co. 
Mason; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Order of Eastern Star. Served 
in U. S. Army, 1944-1946. Methodist. Married Marietta Pittman, 
March 25, 1947. Two children, Karen Kay Hughes and Sharon 
Faye Hughes. Address: Linville, N. C. 

JOSEPH MARVIN HUNT, JR. 

Joseph Marvin Hunt, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in Greensboro, N. C, October 19, 1906. 
Son of Joseph M., Sr. and Pattie (Kirkman) Hunt. Attended 
Riverside Military Academy, graduating in 1924; Duke University. 
General insurance business. Vice President, Wimbish Insurance 
Agency. Member Greensboro Association of Insurance Agents; 
Greensboro Chamber of Commerce ; Duke University Athletic Coun- 
cil; former Mayor Pro Tem, Town of Hamilton Lakes; Greensboro 
Special School Board; Kiwanis Club. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Methodist; Member Board of Stew- 
ards, Muir's Chapel Methodist Church, 1948-1950. Married Grace 
Boren, October 21, 1933. Children: Joseph M. Hunt, III, born July 
2, 1939; Etta Elizabeth Hunt, born August 18, 1947. Address: 
3308 Starmount Drive, Greensboro, N. C. 

HUGH STEWART JOHNSON, JR. 

Hugh Stewart Johnson, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Duplin County, was born in Rose Hill, N. C, December 12, 1920. 



508 North Carolina Manual 

Son of Hugh S., Sr. and Ethel (Southerland) Johnson. Attended 
Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1937; Mottes Business School of 
Wilmington, N. C, 1938. Retail hardware merchant. Member Town 
Commission of Rose Hill, 1947-1949. Received Man of the Year 
Award from English-Brown Post No. 9161 Veterans of Foreign 
Wars, Wallace N. C, 1956. Member Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons; Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Free Masonry; 
Master Rehobeth Lodge No. 279 A. F. & A. M., Rose Hill, N. C, 
1953. Served as a naval aviator for three years in United States 
Naval Reserve with rank of Lieutenant (jg). Presbyterian; Deacon 
since 1940. Married Evelyn Furr in 1944. Five children. Address: 
Rose Hill, N. C. 

ROBERT AUSTIN JONES 

Robert Austin Jones, Democrat, Representative from Ashe 
County, was born at Clifton, N. C, May 17, 1906. Son of Jacob 
Thomas and Laura (Mahaffey) Jones. Attended Jefferson High 
School, Jefferson, N. C. Automobile dealer. President G-F-P Chev- 
rolet Co., Inc.; President Ashe Industrial Interprizes; Director 
Ashe Industrial Development Corp. Member N. C. Automobile 
Dealers Association; Charlotte Zone Dealer Planning Committee; 
Area Chairman N. C. Automobile Dealers Association, 1954; Ashe 
County Welfare Board; Ashe County Board of Education, 1936 
and 1938; Chairman Riverview High School Committee, 1942- 
1947; President Jefferson Rotary Club, 1955. Mason and Odd Fel- 
low. Methodist; Steward. Married Lessie Halsey, December 3, 
1924. One daughter. Norma Jones Freeman. Address: West Jeffer- 
son, N. C. 

WALTER BEAMAN JONES 

Walter Beaman Jones, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Fayetteville, N. C, August 19, 1913. Son of 
Walter G. and Fannie M. (Anderson) Jones. Attended Elise 
Academy, 1926-1930; North Carolina State College, B.S. in Educa- 
tion, 1934. Office equipment dealer. Member Board of Commission- 
ers, Town of Farmville, 1947-1949; Mayor Pro-tem, 1947-1949; 
Mayor Town of Farmville and Judge Farmville Recorder's Court, 
1949-1953. Member Masonic Lodge; Rotary Club, President, 1949; 



Biographical Sketches 509 

Loyal Order of Moose; Junior Order. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1955. Baptist; Deacon since 1945. Married Doris 
Long, April 26, 1934. Children : Mrs. James B. Fountain and Wal- 
ter B. Jones, IL Address: Farmville, N. C. 

JOHN YATES JORDAN, JR. 

John Yates Jordan, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Elizabethton, Tenn., June 8, 1896. Son 
of John Yates and Meena (Smith) Jordan. Attended Asheville 
High School, 1910-1914; Mars Hill College, 1914-1915; University 
of North Carolina, 1915-1918, 1920-1921; University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1917-1918, 1920-1921. Lawyer. Served as 
American Vice Consul, Brest, France, 1918-1920. Member Bun- 
combe County, North Carolina and American Bar Associations; 
International Association of Insurance Counsel; Commercial Law 
League of America; American Judicature Society, Phi Delta Phi. 
President Buncombe County Bar Association, 1936. Chairman 
Asheville Boxing Commission, 1932-1939 and 1943-1952. Member 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Asheville Lodge No. 
1401; Mount Hermon Lodge No. 118 A.F. & A.M.; Asheville Con- 
sistory A. & A.S.R.; Oasis Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. Potentate Oasis 
Temple, 1949. Representative in the General Assembly of 1953 
and 1955. Baptist. Addresses: Office, 603-606 Jackson Bldg.; Mail- 
ing, P. O. Box 1448; Residence, 86 Midland Drive, Asheville, N. C, 

CLARENCE EDWARD KEMP 

Clarence Edward Kemp, Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in High Point, N. C, August 24, 1921. Son 
of William Thomas and Etta (Dailey) Kemp. Attended High Point 
High School, graduating in 1938; Duke University for two years; 
High Point College for two years, graduating in 1948. President 
and principal stockholder of Kemp Recreation, Inc., operating- 
bowling establishments in High Point, Winston-Salem and Ashe- 
boro. President Bowling Proprietors Association of North Caro- 
lina ; Director Bowling Proprietors Association of America. For- 
mer newspaperman for ten years, serving as staff writer for the 
Greensboro Daily News and the High Point Enterprise; editor of 
Camp Lejeune Globe while on duty with Marine Corps during 



510 North Carolina Manual 

Korean War. Served in World War II with U. S. Marine Corps, 
1942-1946, including service in the South Pacific as Combat Intelli- 
gence Officer; recalled to active duty during Korean War and re- 
leased in 1952 with rank of Captain. Member Benevolent and 
Patriotic Order of Elks. Methodist. Married Jessie Dean Russell, 
December 4, 1949. Two sons, Allan Dean Kemp, age three and Jon 
Edward Kemp, age one. Address: 624 Westwood, High Point, N. C. 

CLAUDE LEE KENNEDY 

Claude Lee Kennedy, Republican, Representative from Wilkes 
County, was born in Wilkesboro, N. C, March 1, 1897. Son of 
Bulo J. and Laura (Honeycutt) Kennedy. Attended public schools 
of Wilkesboro, 1903-1914. Manufacturer of pottery. Member 
Wilkesboro Business and Professional Men's Club; Wilkesboro 
City Council, 1930-1934; Moose Club: American Legion. Private 
in World War I, 1918. Baptist. Married Lillie Mae Shelton, 1923. 
Two daughters and three sons. Address: Box 235, Wilkesboro, 
N. C. 

JOHN KERR, JR. 

John Kerr, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Warren County, 
was born in Warrenton, N. C. Son of John H. and Lillian (Foote) 
Kerr. Attended Warrenton Public Schools until 1917; A.B., Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1921; attended Wake Forest College 
Law School, 1923. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion. Private in World War I. Representative in the General As- 
sembly from Edgecombe County in 1929 and from Warren County 
in 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947 and 1949. Speaker, 1943. State Sen- 
ator in the General Assembly of 1955. Chairman Warren County 
Democratic Executive Committee since 1932. Baptist. Married 
Mary Hinton Duke. One son, John Kerr, III. Address: Warrenton, 
N. C. 

ROGER CLINTON RISER 

Roger Clinton Kiser, Democrat, Representative from Scotland 
County, was born in Yadkin Township, Stokes County, August 30, 
1894. Son of Edwin Kiser and Amy Florence (Butner) Kiser. At- 
tended public and private schools in Stokes County; Piedmont High 



Biographical Sketches 5H 

School, Cleveland County; Guilford College; University of North 
Carolina; Teachers College of Columbia University. Teacher and 
farmer. Mason; Rotarian; Legionnaire. Member Christian Church. 
Representative from Scotland County in the General Assembly of 
1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Married Gertrude Margaret Bedell, 
Ridgewood, N. J., August 14, 1926. Two children: Mrs. Philip J. 
Crutchfield and Edwin Marten Riser. Address: 318 Vance Street, 
Laurinburg, N. C. 

ARTHUR ELDRIDGE LEAKE 

Arthur Eldridge Leake, Democrat, Representative from Madi- 
son County, was born in that county, July 11, 1911. Son of Frank 
Bruce and Lillie Mae (Wallin) Leake. Attended Walnut High 
School, Walnut, N. C; Western Carolina College; University of 
North Carolina Law School; Duke University Law School; Claude 
L. Love Law School. Lawyer. Member Madison County Bar Asso- 
ciation, President in 1956; 24th Judicial District Bar Association; 
Executive Committee, 24th Judicial District Bar Association; 
North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association. Attor- 
ney for Madison County. Member Committee of 100 for Better 
Schools; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Marshall Lions Club, 
Director; President Walnut High School Alumni Association; Com- 
mitteeman Boy Scouts of America. Presbyterian; Treasurer Wal- 
nut Presbyterian Church since 1953. Married Annie Lee McDevitt, 
November 12, 1938. Children: Arthur Eldridge Leake, Jr., age 
14 and Larry Bruce Leake, age 6. Address: Marshall, N. C. 

LEONARD WALTER LLOYD 

Leonard Walter Lloyd, Democrat, Representative from Graham 
County, was born in Robbinsville, N. C, April 25, 1923. Son of 
Clyde C. and Icie C. (West) Lloyd. Attended Robbinsville Ele- 
mentary School, 1929-1936; Robbinsville High School, 1936-1941; 
Duke University, A.B., 1951; Emory University Law School, LL.B., 
1953. Lawyer. Member N. C. State Bar; N. C. Bar Association; 
Graham County Chamber of Commerce; Robbinsville Lions Club; 
Delta Theta Phi. Sergeant, United States Marine Corps, 1942- 
1946. Baptist. Married Berniece Adams, August 11, 1945. Children: 
Carolyn Liez Lloyd, age four and Pricella Lynn Lloyd, age two. 
Address: Robbinsville, N. C. 



512 North Carolina Manual 

GEORGE ATTMORE LONG 

George Attmore Long, Democrat, Representative from Alamance 
County, was born in Graham, North Carolina, March 10, 1911. 
Son of J. Dolph and Hannah (Attmore) Long. Attended Graham 
Public Schools, 1919-1926. A.B. degree, University of North Caro- 
lina, 1930; LL.B. degree, 1932. Attorney at law. Member Ameri- 
can Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; North 
Carolina State Bar; President, Alamance Bar Association, 1950; 
Chairman, Burlington Planning Board, 1950-1951. Solicitor, Ala- 
mance General County Court, 1943-1946; Judge 1948-1950. Mem- 
ber Phi Beta Kappa Fraternity. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1951, 1953 and 1955. Episcopalian. Married Helen 
Brooks Long, October 16, 1937. Children: James Eugene Long, 
Hannah Elizabeth Long, and Julia Margaret Long. Address: 1201 
West Davis Street, Burlington, N. C. 

JACK D. LOVE 

Jack D. Love, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Concord, N. C, June 20, 1919. Son of Lonnie 
A., Sr. and Elsie (Love) Love. Attended Central High School of 
Charlotte, N. C, graduating in 1934; The Citadel. Vice President, 
Queen City Trailways, Charlotte, N. C. Member National Defense 
Transportation Association ; National Association Motor Bus Op- 
erators, Chairman of Safety Committee; North Carolina Bus As- 
sociation; Chamber of Commerce; Quarterback Club; Carmel 
Country Club; Charlotte City Club; Variety Clubs International; 
Board of Trustees, North Carolina Symphony Society, Inc. Served 
in United States Navy, July 6, 1944-July 11, 1945. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1955. Member Memorial Methodist 
Church, Charlotte, N. C; served ten years as Chairman Board 
of Stewards, Love's Chapel Methodist Church, Stanfield, N. C. 
Married Emily Pulley, February 3, 1939. Children: Jack D. Love, 
Jr., age 16; Richard Bruce Love, age 14; Emily Carol Love, age 
11. Address: 5015 Albemarle Road, Charlotte, N. C. 

VERNON FLOYD MARTIN 

Vernon Floyd Martin, Democrat, Representative from Clay 
County, was born in Hayesville, N. C, October 17, 1918. Son of 
Benjamin Hayes and Laura Elizabeth (Passmore) Martin. At- 
tended Hayesville High School, 1933-1937; Western Carolina Col- 



Biographical Sketches 513 

lege, B.S., 1941 ; graduate work, Western Carolina College. Teacher 
in Hayesville School. Member North Carolina Teachers Associa- 
tion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Chairman Clay County Chapter 
American Red Cross, 1953-1956. Life member of the Two Gallon 
Club, having donated sixteen pints of blood to the American Red 
Cross. Served in United States Navy, 1942-1945. Address: Hayes- 
ville, N. C. 

CHARLES B. McCRARY 

Charles B. McCrary, Democrat, Representative from Haywood 
County, was born in that county, October 23, 1895. Son of William 
F. and Callie (McClyre) McCrary. Attended Clyde High School, 
1912 and 1913; Weaver College, 1914; Manual Business College, 
1917. Farmer. Chairman Haywood County Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1948-1952. Served in U. S. Army during World War 
I, August 1918 until July 1919. Elk. Methodist; Lay Leader. Mar- 
ried Naomi McCracken, September 14, 1919. Children : William 
Charles McCrary, Lorena McCrary Plott and Mary Jane Mc- 
Crary. Address: Route 1, Clyde, N. C. 

JAMES EARL McKNIGHT 

James Earl McKnight, Democrat, Representative from Iredell 
County, was born in Mooresville, N. C. October 4, 1906. Son of 
George Locke McKnight and Pearl Harris McKnight. Attended 
Mooresville High School, graduating in 1924; Erskine College; 
Southern Methodist University, degree in Life Insurance Market- 
ing, 1948. Insurance agent. Member National Association of Life 
Underwriters; Charlotte Underwriter's Association; National 
Quality Award Winner, 1946-1956 inclusive; 500 Club Winner, 
1955. President Iredell County YDC, 1948; Past President Junior 
Chamber of Commerce; Past President and Director Chamber of 
Commerce; Past President and Director Mooresville Kiwanis Club; 
Past Director Mooresville Recreation Commission. Member and 
Trustee Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Served for three 
years in Army Air Force during World War II with rank of 
Sergeant. Member Mooresville Associated Reformed Presbyterian 
Church; Trustee. Married Virginia McChesney McKnight, July 
26, 1940. One son, James Earl McKnight, Jr., age 2. Address; 
Mt. Ulla Highway, Mooresville, N. C, 



Mui-phy of Pender 
O'Neal of Hyde 

Parker of Hertford 



Phelps of Washington 
Philpott of Davidson 
Pittman of Halifax 



Powe of Durham 

Powell of Rockingham 
Quinn of Cabarrus 



Randall of Henderson 
Reynolds of Robeson 
Rodenbough of Stokes 



Ross of Beaufort 

Satterfield of Person 
Shreve of Guilford 



Simpson of Burke 

Snepp of Mecklenburg 
Speight of Bertie 







Biographical Sketches 515 

ASHLEY MONROE MURPHY 

Ashley Monroe Murphy, Democrat, Representative from Pender 
County, was born in Atkinson, N. C, August 14, 1909. Son of John 
Alexander, Sr. and Mary (Campbell) Murphy. Graduated from 
Atkinson High School, 1926. Attended N. C. State College, 1930; 
University of North Carolina; Emory University, A.B., LL.B., 
1934. Farmer and insurance dealer. Member, Alpha Lambda Tau 
Social Fraternity; Elks Club; Atkinson Ruritan Club, Secretary 
1950-1952; American Legion Post No. 165; Veterans of Foreign 
Wars Post No. 9961. Trustee Greater University of North Caro- 
lina; Director and Vice President N. C. Agricultural Foundation; 
member State Government Reorganization Commission; Educa- 
tional Advisor Boy Scouts of America. Sergeant, U. S. Army, 
January 19, 1942 to December 5, 1945, serving in Africa and Italy 
with 1st Armored Division, 27th F. A. Chairman, Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee, Pender County. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Presbyterian; Elder. Married Alice 
Hill Reeves, January 18, 1947. One daughter: Priscilla Katherine 
Murphy. Address: Box 87, Atkinson, N. C. 

DICK O'NEAL 

Dick O'Neal, Democrat, Representative from Hyde County, was 
born in New Holland, N. C, July 15, 1922. Son of Leslie and Irene 
(Sadler) O'Neal. Hotel manager and wholesale seafood dealer. 
Member National Fisheries Institution. Tar Heel of Week, No- 
vember, 1955. Shriner, Sudan Temple. Served in World War II 
as Seaman 1/c, October 23, 1943 to January 20, 1946. Episcopalian. 
Married Daphne H. Duke, June 1, 1945. Children: Richard Duke 
O'Neal and Edward Alan O'Neal. Address: New Holland, N. C. 



*JOSEPH ROY PARKER, SR. 

Joseph Roy Parker, Sr., Democrat, Representative from 
Hertford County, was born in Ahoskie, N. C, January 11, 
1895. Son of Joseph Thomas and Julia (Newsome) 
Parker. Attended public schools of Ahoskie, 1901-1909; 
Wise High School, 1909-1910; Wake Forest College, A.B., 
1915; School of Journalism, University of Missouri, 1922; 
Pell's Law Class, Rocky Mount, 1926-1928. Licensed to 
practice law, January, 1929. Publisher and farmer. Mem- 



516 North Carolina Manual 



ber National Editorial Association, Chicago, 111.; Presi- 
dent, North Carolina Press Association, 1933-1934. Re- 
porter, edit writer and columnist for Hertford County 
Herald, Ahoskie, N. C. since 1915. Author of "The 
Ahoskie Era of Hertford County", 1956. Professor of 
Journalism at University of North Carolina, 1941-1946; now 
Professor Emeritus; volunteer lecturer at Roy Parker 
School of Printing, Chowan College, 1951-1953. Served in 
USNRF during World War I as Yeoman 2c, April, 1918 
to December, 1918. Baptist; Deacon. Married Louise 
Buffaloe, Jackson, N. C, May 5, 1923. One son, Joseph 
Roy Parker, Jr., of Windsor, N. C. Address: Ahoskie, 
N. C. 






*Died May 8, 1957. 



JOHN MAHLON PHELPS 

John Mahlon Phelps, Democrat, Representative from Washing- 
ton County, was born in Plymouth, N. C, August 8, 1906. Son of 
John L. and Ida (Walker) Phelps. Attended Creswell High School; 
Virginia Episcopal School, Lynchburg, Va., 1920-1923; Wake 
Forest College, B.S., 1928 and B.S. Med., 1930; Jefferson Medical 
College, M.D., 1932. Doctor. Member Tri-County Medical Society 
and N. C. State Medical Society. Member Town Board of Cres- 
well, 1937; Washington County A. B.C. Board, 1951-1954; Director 
Branch Bank and Trust Company of Plymouth. Mason, Shriner. 
Member Lambda Chi Alpha Social Fraternity; Phi Chi Medical 
Fraternity; Disabled Officers Association; N. C. State Highway- 
Employees Association; Washington County Farm Bureau; Vet- 
erans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; B.P.O. Elks. Served as 
Captain in Medical Corps, 1942-1944. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1955. Episcopalian ; member of Vestry, 1940-1954. 
Married Caredwyn Thomas Sheets, 1934. Children: Donald Edgar 
Phelps and Robert David Phelps. Address: Creswell, N. C. 

HARVEY CLOYD PHILPOTT 

Harvey Cloyd Philpott, Democrat, Representative from David- 
son County, was born in Bassett, Va., April 6, 1909. Son of Benja- 
min Cabell and Daisy (Hundley) Philpott. Attended Lexington 



Biographical Sketches 517 

High School, 1921-1925; Virginia Military Institute, A.B. degree, 
1929. Furniture Manufacturer; President, United Furniture Cor- 
poration of Lexington, N. C. President Southern Furniture Manu- 
facturer's Association, 1950-1951; Member Board of Directors, 
National Association of Manufacturers. Director Mutual Build- 
ing and Loan Association. Director Commercial Bank of Lexington. 
Member Lexington School Board, 1934-1945, Chairman, 1943-1945; 
Lexington Utilities Commission, 1949-1956. Mayor of Lexington, 
1945-1949. Member Junior Order United American Mechanics; 
Patriotic Order Sons of America; Lexington Rotary Club, Past 
President, 1933-1934. Captain of Lexington Company, North 
Carolina State Guard, 1941-1946. Representative in General As- 
sembly of 1953 and 1955. Baptist; Deacon and Teacher of Women's 
Bible Class; Superintendent of Sunday School, 1935-1937; Chair- 
man Board of Deacons, 1941-1943. President Board of Trustees, 
Baptist Orphanage of North Carolina, 1953-1954. Married Frances 
Thompson, June 11, 1931. Three children: Kathleen Hundley Phil- 
pott, Cloyd Philpott, Jr., and Betty Joe Philpott. Address: Lexing- 
ton, N. C. 

FRANK SHIELDS PITTMAN 

Frank Shields Pittman, Democrat, Representative from Halifax 
County, was born in Scotland Neck, N. C, October 24, 1908. Son 
of Laertes Morgan and Lelia (Shields) Pittman. Attended Scot- 
land Neck High School, 1922-1925; Wake Forest College, 1925- 
1926. Merchant, grower and processor of hybrid seed corn. Mem- 
ber N. C. Merchants Association; N. C. Seedsmen Association, 
President, 1951 and Secretary, 1947-1950; Southern Seedsmen As- 
sociation; American Seed Trade Association; N. C. Crop Improve- 
ment Association; N. C. Foundation Seed Producers Association, 
Inc., President, 1952; Halifax County Farm Bureau, President, 
1953. Member Scotland Neck Masonic Lodge No. 689; Scottish Rite 
Bodies, Enfield, N. C. and New Bern, N. C; Yoi-k Rite Bodies, 
Rocky Mount, N. C; Shriner Sudan Temple, New Bern, N. C. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. Baptist; member 
Board of Deacons, Scotland Neck Baptist Church, 1936-1939; Board 
of Deacons, Enfield Baptist Church, 1945-1948. Married Virginia 
Blackwell, October 14, 1937. Children: Frank Shields Pittman, Jr. 
and Fayetta Neff Pittman. Address: 201 South Church St., Scot- 
land Neck, N. C. 



518 North Carolina Manual 

EDWARD KNOX POWE 

Edward Knox Powe, Democrat, Representative from Durham 
County, was born in Durham, N. C, November 18, 1921. Son of 
E. K., Jr. and Louise (Watkins) Powe. Attended Episcopal High 
School, Alexandria, Va., 1937-1940; University of North Carolina, 
A.B., 1948; University of North Carolina School of Law, LL.B., 
1950. Lawyer. Member North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina 
Bar Association ; American Bar Association ; Durham County Bar 
Association; Sig-ma Alpha Epsilon; Phi Delta Phi. Captain in 
Infantry, United States Army, 1942-1946. Member General Stat- 
utes Commission, 1956. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1955. Episcopalian. Married Sibyl Goerch, December 27, 1946. 
Children : Louise Banks, Katherine Street and Josephine Erwin. 
Address: 1007 N. Gregson Street, Durham, N. C. 

RADFORD GILMORE POWELL 

Radford Gilmore Powell, Democrat, Representative from Rock- 
ingham County, was born at Reidsville, N. C, December 9, 1903. 
Son of William Johnson and Ophelia (Strader) Powell. Attended 
Mt. Carmel School; Reidsville High School, 1918. Employee of 
American Tobacco Company. Former First Vice President N. C. 
State Federation of Labor; President Local 192 T.W.I.W., Reids- 
ville; President Tobacco Workers International Union, A.F. of L., 
1943-1944. Served as member of Board of Directors, Reidsville 
Chamber of Commerce, 1942-1943. Appointed by Ex-Governor 
Broughton during war to serve on Unemployment Compensation 
Board of Reidsville; former member Junior Order of American 
Mechanics, 1925. Boy Scout worker. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Methodist; former Super- 
intendent of Sunday School; Teacher of Men's Bible Class for 
twenty-four years. Married Effie Mae Chapmon, April 11, 1925. 
Four children: Eleanor Gail Powell and Harvey Glen Powell and 
two sons deceased. Address: Route 3, Reidsville, N. C. 

DWIGHT WILSON QUINN 

Dwight Wilson Quinn, Democrat, Representative from Cabarrus 
County, was born in York, S. C, September 12, 1917. Son of Wil- 
liam Lytle and Lucy (Wilson) Quinn. Attended Kannapolis Public 



Biographical Sketches 519 

Schools; Night and Correspondence Schools, taking courses in 
Business Law, Bookkeeping and Accounting, Typing, Business 
Management and Textiles. Supervising capacity, Cannon Mills 
Company. Member Cabarrus County YDC, President, 1948, and 
has sei'ved on various State YDC committees. Precinct Registrar, 
1948-1950. Voted Kannapolis Man of the Year in 1948 by the 
Jaycees. Received Amvets National Distinguished Service Award 
for outstanding community service, 1953. Member National 
Y.M.C.A. Young Men's Council; District Boy Scout Committee; 
Board of the National Cerebral Palsy Association; President of 
the Cabarrus Chapter of the North Carolina Heart Association; 
President, Inter-Club Council ; Advisor to Hi-Y. Served in United 
States Army, 1944-1945. Member American Legion, Post 115, serv- 
ing as Vice-Commander; 40 & 8. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1951, 1953 and 1955. Lutheran; member of the Church 
Council, Secretary of Congregation, 1947-1950; General Superin- 
tendent of Sunday School, President of the Brotherhood, and for- 
mer Sunday School Teacher. Married Marian Elizabeth Isenhour, 
February 23, 1936. One daughter, Linda Jo Quinn, age 19. Ad- 
dress: Box 314, Kannapolis, N. C. 

JOHN TROY RANDALL 

John Troy Randall, Republican, Representative from Henderson 
County, was born in Leicester, N. C. Son of H. C. and Laura 
Elizabeth (Martin) Randall. Attended Fruitland Institute, 1914- 
1915; Leicester High School, 1915-1917; Western Carolina College, 
A.B., 1919; Bliss Electrical School, Tacoma Park, Md., 1921. Service 
station operator and retail grocer. Formerly taught in public 
schools of North Cai'olina; also worked vidth Western Electric 
Company, Chicago, Illinois and International Telephone & Tele- 
graph Company, Mexico. Methodist. Married Ruth Pace, March 15, 
1929. Address: Hendersonville, N. C. 

WILLIAM DANIEL REYNOLDS 

William Daniel Reynolds, Democrat, Representative from Robe- 
son County, was born in Clinton, N. C. Son of R. B. and Elviory 
(Tew) Reynolds. Attended Salemburg High School, graduating in 
1927; N. C. State College, B.S. degree, 1931. Engaged in farm 



520 North Carolina Manual 

management and real estate. Member Farm Bureau and Grange; 
President of the Robeson County Farm Bureau, 1955-1956. Robeson 
County Manager, 1947-1956. Mason and Elk. Baptist. Married 
Evelyn Maynard in 1935. One daughter, Linda Reynolds. Address: 
301 West 8th. St., Lumberton, N. C. 



GRACE TAYLOR RODENBOUGH 

Grace Taylor Rodenbough, Democrat, Representative from Stokes 
County, was born in Danbury, N. C, October 5, 1899. Daughter 
of James Spotswood and Nellie Pemberton (Moon) Taylor. At- 
tended Guilford College Preparatory School, 1912-1914; Guilford 
College, 1914-1917, A.B. degree; Woman's College of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, M.A. degree. Supervisor Stokes County 
Schools. Agent for 3,500 acre ancestral estate; also manages own 
farm of several hundred acres. Taught for number of years at 
Salem College. Member, National Educational Association; North 
Carolina Educational Association; Association of Supervision, 
Curriculum and Development; Stokes County School Masters Club; 
Stokes County Library Board; Delta Kappa Gamma (National 
Teachers' Honorary Society) ; Secretary Stokes County Unit 
N.C.E.A., 1938-1939, President, 1939-1940. Serving second term as 
member of Board of Trustees of the University of North Carolina. 
Member of the Commission for the Study of State Supported 
Institutions of Higher Learning, appointed by Governor Umstead 
in 1953. President Hanging Rock Park Foundation, Inc., Presi- 
dent Stokes County Young Democratic Club, 1936-1937; Vice Presi- 
dent North Carolina Young Democratic Club, 1938-1939. Stokes 
County President, American Red Cross, 1942-1943; Executive Di- 
rector American Red Cross (Tallahassee, Fla.), 1945-1946; Field 
Representative, American Red Cross (N. C), 1946-1947; Stokes 
County Chairman, War Savings Bonds, 1943-1945. Member Daugh- 
ters American Revolution; United Daughters Confederacy; North 
Carolina Literary and Historical Association; North Carolina So- 
ciety for the Preservation of Antiquities. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Presbyterian; Sunday School 
teacher. Married to Stanley Leigh Rodenbough, Jr., August 4, 
1947. Two stepsons: Leigh and Charles. Address: "Covington", 
Walnut Cove, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 521 

LEMUEL HIRAM ROSS 

Lemuel Hiram Ross, Democrat, Representative from Beaufort 
County, was born in that county, February 4, 1909. Son of Lemuel 
Hiram and Sallie (Hodges) Ross. Attended Washington High 
School, graduating in 1926; University of North Carolina; Jeffer- 
son School of Law (University of Louisville), LL.B., 1936. Lawyer. 
Judge Beaufort County Recorder's Court, 1940-1942 and 1946- 
1951; City Attorney, Washington, N. C, 1951-1953; County At- 
torney for Beaufort County since 1953. State Senator in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1955. Member Elks Club; Improved Order of 
Red Men ; American Legion ; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Served in 
United States Navy, 1942-1945. Member Christian Church; Deacon. 
Married Lyle Golden, 1946. One daughter, Elizabeth Lyle Ross. 
Address: Washington, N. C. 

BYRD ISAAC SATTERFIELD 

Byrd Isaac Satterfield, Democrat, Representative from Person 
County, was born in that county on September 29, 1898. Son of 
Albert G. and Mollie E. (Paylor) Satterfield. Attended Public 
Schools of Person County, 1906-1915; Roxboro High School, 1915- 
1917; Trinity College, A.B., 1922; Columbia University, A.M., 
1925; University of Virginia, 1922; University of N. C. Law 
School, summer, 1927; Wake Forest Law School, summer, 1929. 
Farmer and lawyer. Received law license, 1929. Member North 
Carolina Farm Bureau; Grange. Person County Superintendent of 
Schools, 1925-1929. Private in the U. S. Army, 1918. Member Amer- 
ican Legion; Forty and Eight. U. S. Engineer Corps (Real Estate 
Branch), 1941-1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1951, 1953 and 1955. Methodist; Charge Lay Leader, 1950-1954. 
Married Sarah Winnie Jones, June 11, 1931. Children: Mary 
Emily Satterfield; Winnie Davis Satterfield; Byrd Austin Satter- 
field. Address: Timberlake, N. C. 

CLYDE ALLISON SHREVE 

Clyde Allison Shreve, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was born in Rockingham County, N. C, June 25, 1908. 
Son of J. A. and Bessie D. (Lester) Shreve. Attended Bethany 
High School, Rockingham County, 1923-1927; University of North 



522 North Carolina Manual 

Carolina, 1928-1931; Woodrow Wilson College of Law, Atlanta, 
Ga.; LL.B., 1935. Lawyer. Member State Bar; Greensboro Bar 
Association; American Bar Association; N. C. State Grange; N. C. 
State Farm Bureau; A. F. & A. M., Stokesdale Lodge No. 428; 
Jr. 0. U. A. M., Summerfield Council No. 174; State Vice Council- 
lor, 1942-1943; State Councillor, Jr. O. U. A. M., 1943-1944; Deputy 
National Councillor, 1945; Sertoma Club. Instructor Business Law, 
Greensboro Evening College, 1949-1950. Member State Board of 
Civil Air Patrol; Greensboro Chamber of Commerce. Representa- 
tive from Guilford County in the General Assembly of 1943, 1947, 
1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Baptist. Married Ruth Marie Doggett, 
December 27, 1933. One son and one daughter: Clyde Allison 
Shreve, Jr. and Donna Ruth Shreve. Address: Summerfield, N. C. 

DANIEL REID SIMPSON 

Daniel Reid Simpson, Republican, Representative from Burke 
County, was born in Glen Alpine, N. C, February 20, 1927. Son 
of James Reid and Ethel Margaret (Newton) Simpson. Attended 
public schools of Glen Alpine; University of Mississippi; Auburn; 
Lenoir Rhyne College; Wake Forest College, B.S., 1949; Wake 
Forest College Law School, LL.B., 1951. Lawyer. Member N. C. 
State Bar; Burke County Bar Association. Mayor of Glen Alpine, 
1952-1956; former Chairman Burke County Republican Executive 
Committee; former Vice President of the North Carolina Young 
Republican Clubs; Past President Burke County Young Republi- 
can Clubs; member North Carolina Republican Executive Commit- 
tee. Member American Legion; Junior Chamber of Commerce; 
Catawba Valley Lodge No. 17 Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
presently serving as Master. Served in U. S, Army from March 
of 1945 to December of 1946 as T/5 with overseas service in 
Pacific Theater. Methodist; Steward; Trustee; Sunday School 
Teacher. Married Mary Alice Leonard, September 16, 1951. Chil- 
dren: Mary Alma Simpson, James Reid Simpson, II and Ethel 
Barie Simpson. Address: Morganton, N. C. 

FRANK W. SNEPP 

Frank W. Snepp, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Memphis, Tenn., August 4, 1919. Son of Frank 



Biographical Sketches 523 

W. Sr., and Aurelia (Pettigrew) Snepp. Attended public schools 
of Memphis, Tenn.; Columbia University, A.B., 1940; Columbia 
University Law School, 1940-1941; Duke University, LL.B., 1948. 
Lawyer. Member 26th Judicial District Bar Assn.; N. C. State 
Bar; N. C. Bar Association; American Bar Association. Member 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon; Phi Beta Kappa; Phi Delta Phi; Order of 
the Coif. Served in U. S. Marine Corps with rank of Captain, 
1941-1945; at present Major in Marine Corps Reserve. Episco- 
nalian; Vestryman and Lay Reader. Married Nancy Goodwin, 
March 14, 1942. Children: Frank W. Snepp, IH, Nancy G. Snepp 
and Frances P. Snepp. Address: 2509 Hampton Ave., Charlotte, 
N. C. 



JAMES ALEXANDER SPEIGHT 

James Alexander Speight, Democrat, Representative from Bertie 
County, was born in Windsor, N. C. Son of Thomas T. and Mar- 
garet O. (Sharrock) Speight. Attended Buies Creek Academy, 
1908-1911; Wake Forest College, 1911-1912, 1914. Farmer. Mem- 
ber Bertie County Board of Commissioners, 1937-1940 and Chair- 
man of Board for over three years; North Carolina Municipal 
Road Board, 1949-1950. Member Junior Order. Served in U. S. 
Marine Corps two years, 1917-1919. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Baptist; teacher of Men's Bible Class 
for twenty years. Married Millie Celia Harrell of Colerain, N. C, 
December 26, 1922. Two children: Thomas Sharrock Speight and 
Mary Celia Speight. Address: Windsor, N. C. 

CLARENCE E. STONE, JR. 

Clarence E. Stone, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Pinnacle, N. C, September 23, 1914. Son of 
Clarence E. and Annie Irene (Moore) Stone. Attended Wiley 
School and Reynolds High School of Winston-Salem; University 
of North Carolina. Wholesale grocery business and farming. Presi- 
'^'ent of Yerkes Chemical Company. Member "The United Commer- 
cial Travelers" U. C. T., Senior Councillor, 1953; Winston-Salem 
Commercial Civic Club, Treasurer, 1952; Forsyth County Chapter 
N. C. Society for Crippled Children and Adults, member of Board, 
1951-1952; The Forsyth County Society for the Prevention of 



stone of Forsyth 
Talton of Wayne 
Taylor of Anson 



Thomas of Johnston 
Thomas of Stanly 

Thompson of Chatham 



Turner of Guilford 
Umstead of Orange 
Uzzell of Rowan 



Valentine of Nash 
Vann of Sampson 
Venters of Onslow 



Vogler of Mecklenburg 
Wall of McDowell 

Wallace of Montgomery 



Watkins of Granville 
White of Lenoir 

Whitehurst of Craven 




Biographical Sketches 525 

Cruelty to Animals, President, 1948-1950 and Chairman of Board, 
1950-1952; The D. D. Schouler Humane Society for Forsyth Coun- 
ty, President, 1950-1951; The Belews Creek Project Club, Presi- 
dent, 1952. Served as Private in U. S. Army, July 22, 1942 to No- 
vember 20, 1945. Representative in the General Assembly of 1953 
and 1955. Member of The Fourth Street Church of Christ, Win- 
ston-Salem, N. C. Married Virgie C. Yokeley, June 26^ 1938. Ad- 
dress: Route 1, Belews Creek, N. C. 



HARDY TALTON 

Hardy Talton, Democrat, Representative from Wayne County, 
was born at Pikeville, N. C, August 18, 1900. Son of Mack Duffie 
and Rebecca (Pike) Talton. Attended Gurley School, Wayne 
County, 1906-1913; Kenly High School, 1914-1915. Tobacconist and 
farmer. Member, Harmony Masonic Lodge, No. 340, Master, 1943- 
1944; J.O.U.A.M. No. 312, Councillor, 1936 and 1948; District Coun- 
cillor, 28th District, 1946; Grange No. 964, Master, 1939-1948; 
Master of Wayne Pomona Grange No. 38, 1943-1948. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1949, 1951 and 1953. Member of Pleas- 
ant Grove F.W.B.; Member of Board of Ruling Elders, 1932-1948; 
Teacher, 1927-1948. Married Mildred Roberts, December 21, 1921. 
One daughter: Mary Ellen, age 19. Address: Route 2, Pikeville, 
N. C. 



HOYT PATRICK TAYLOR, JR. 

Hoyt Patrick Taylor, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Anson 
County, was born in Wadesboro, N. C, April 1, 1924. Son of H. P. 
and Inez (Wooten) Taylor. Attended McCallie School, Chattanooga, 
Tenn., 1940-1942; University of North Carolina, B.S. in Commerce, 
1945; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.D., LL.B., 
1948. Lawyer. Member of staff of North Carolina Law Review. 
Member Civitan Club; American Legion; Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce; Young Democrats; Phi Gamma Delta; Delta Sigma Pi; 
Phi Delta Phi. Served in United States Marine Corps, 1945-1946; 
1951-1952 as First Lieutenant. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1955. Methodist. Married Elizabeth Lockhart, March 17, 
1951. Address: Wadesboro, N. C. 



526 North Carolina Manual 

A. V. THOMAS 

A. V. Thomas, Republican, Representative from Stanly County, 
was born in Union County, N. C, January 25, 1890. Attended the 
county schools; mail correspondence course in bookkeeping and 
accounting, 1924. Tax consultant and notary public. Accountant for 
Stanly County, 1944-1954; Cashier of Bank of Oakboro, 1929-1933. 
Past member Albemarle Rotary Club. Baptist; Church Clerk, 1924- 
1925; Trustee for past eight years. Married Fronia Smith, De- 
cember 12, 1915. Children: Two daughters and one son. Address: 
Oakboro, N. C. 

CORNELIUS BLAKE THOMAS 

Cornelius Blake Thomas, Democrat, Representative from Johns- 
ton County, was born in that county, November 3, 1893. Son of 
Rufus Daniel and Easter Pherlicia (Temple) Thomas. Attended 
Four Oaks High School and Benson High School. Farmer. Member 
American Farm Bureau. Former school teacher, instructor in 
vocal music, city mail carrier and postal employee. Member and 
Chairman of Johnston County Local Production and Marketing 
Administration, and Vice-Chairman of Johnston County PMA for 
one year. Served in World War I, June 26, 1918-December 26, 1918, 
being discharged with rank of Sergeant. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Baptist; Sunday School 
Teacher; Chorister; Church Treasurer; Deacon; Chairman Board 
of Deacons. Married Letha Lee of Sampson County, April 14, 1918. 
Children: Norwood J., Alene Joyce, Letha Jessamine, Mildred Lee, 
Mary Elizabeth and Grace Darling. Address: Route 1: Smith- 
field, N. C. 

WILLIAM REID THOMPSON 

William Reid Thompson, Democrat, Representative from Chat- 
ham County, was born in Durham, N. C, August 13, 1924. Son of 
William Reid and Myrtle (Siler) Thompson. Attended Pittsboro 
High School; University of North Carolina, B.S., Commerce, 1948; 
Harvard Law School, LL.B., 1949. Lawyer. Member Phi Beta 
Kappa, University of North Carolina, 1944; Delta Kappa Epsilon. 
Member Pittsboro Junior Chamber of Commerce, President 1951; 
American Legion. Member American Bar Association; North 



Biographical Sketches 527 

Carolina Bar Association; Chatham County Bar Association, 
President 1954. Lieutenant (j.g.), United States Navy, 1943-1946. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. Methodist; Presi- 
dent, Methodist Men's Club, 1953-1954; Teacher, Young Men's Bible 
Class, 1952-1956. Married Mary Louise Milliken, August 16, 1952. 
Tw^o children: Mary Elizabeth Thompson, born December 23, 1953, 
and William Reid Thompson, III, born August 11, 1956. Address: 
Pittsboro, N. C. 

THOMAS TURNER 

Thomas Turner, Democrat, Representative from Guilford County, 
was born in that county, October 3, 1900. Son of Henry Catlett 
Turner, of Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, and Elizabeth Little (Dowd) 
Turner, of Mecklenburg County; grandson of Col. Thomas Turner, 
member of Congress from Kentucky. A.B., University of North 
Carolina, 1923; Graduate study at Harvard University; University 
Law School, 1923-1924. Lawyer. Member North Carolina, Greens- 
boro and American Bar Associations. Vice Chairman Guilford 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1927-1929. Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, College Fraternity. Member, Elk's Lodge, former Exalted 
Ruler; Knights of Pythias, Cone Lodge No. 158; Greensboro Ki- 
wanis Club; Merchants and Manufacturers Club and Greensboro 
Country Club; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion; Dis- 
abled American Veterans; Society of Forty and Eight. Served 32 
months overseas, World War II, with 82nd A B division. Fifth 
Infantry Division and 28th Infantry Division; five battle stars. 
Awarded Croix de Guerre with palm and Croix de Guerre of 
Luxembourg. After hostilities. Commanding Officer of Military 
Government for district of Hanau, one of largest industrial areas 
in American occupation zone, Lieutenant-Colonel; Reserve Officer; 
Reserve Officers Association, Lt. Colonel, USRC-JAGC. Represen- 
tative in the General Assembly of 1931, 1933, 1943, 1951, 1953 
and 1955. Trustee of the University of North Carolina. Appointed 
by Governor William B. Umstead to the Commission on Reorgani- 
zation of State Government. Episcopalian; former Vestryman; 
former Secretary Parish. Married Elizabeth Nolan of Marietta, 
Georgia, October 28, 1925. Three children: Thomas Turner, III, 
Marion Nolan Turner and Henry Catlett Turner. Address; Greens- 
boro, N. C. 



528 North Carolina Manual 

JOHN WESLEY UMSTEAD, JR. 

John Wesley Umstead, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Orange County, was born in Mangum Township, Durham County, 
April 7, 1889. Son of John Wesley and Lula (Lunsford) Umstead. 
Attended Public Schools of Durham County. Entered University 
of North Carolina in September, 1905 and graduated with the 
Class of 1909. Director, General Alumni Association of the Uni- 
vei'sity of North Carolina since 1921. Trustee and member of 
Executive committee of the Greater University of North Carolina; 
Chairman Hospitals Board of Control; Chairman of Commission 
on Merit System for Teachers; Member Study Commission on 
Education. State Senator from the Sixteenth Senatorial District, 
1931, 1939. Member of House of Representatives from Orange 
County in 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Mason; 
Elk; Grange; Farm Bureau. Methodist. Married Sallie Hunter 
Reade of Person County, January 20, 1914. Three children living: 
Frank Graham Umstead, Sarah Elizabeth Umstead, and Anne 
Umstead Maultsby. A son, John Wesley Umstead, HI, Captain in 
U. S. Marine Corps, was killed in action on Saipan Island, June 
14, 1944. Representative of Jefferson Standard Life Insurance 
Company. Address: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

GEORGE RANDOLPH UZZELL 

George Randolph Uzzell, Democrat, Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in Salisbury, November 23, 1903. Son of Harry 
M. and Geneva (Wright) Uzzell. Attended Salisbury Graded 
Schools 1910-1915; Raleigh Graded Schools 1915-1919; Salisbury 
High Schools 1919-1921; Davidson College 1921-1923; Wake Forest 
College 1924-1926; Passed State Bar Examination, January 25, 
1926. Lawyer. President, Rowan County Bar Association, Civi- 
tan (President); Knights of Pythias; D.O.K.K., Suez Temple, 
No. 73; Winona Council No. 18, Jr. 0. U. A. M.; Kappa Sigma, 
Wake Forest College. Chancellor Commander, Salisbury-Rowan 
No. 100, Knights of Pythias, 1927-1929; Woodman of the World; 
Member of B. P. 0. E. No. 699, Salisbury; Patriotic Order, 
Sons of America; Past President of Washington Camp No. 24; 
North Carolina Bar Association; Rowan County Bar Association. 
Member, State Democratic Executive Committee. Member of 
House of Representatives of 1931, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1943, 



Biographical Sketches 529 

1945, 1947, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Baptist. Teacher of Men's Bible 
Class since 1932. Moderator of First Baptist Church. Married on 
November 23, 1934, to Ruth Harrison of Spencer, N. C. Two chil- 
dren: Betty Ruth, born April 11, 1938, and George Randolph 
Uzzell, Jr., born May 9, 1944. Address: Salisbury, N, C. 

ITIMOUS THADDEUS VALENTINE, JR. 

Itimous Thaddeus Valentine, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Nash County, was born in Rocky Mount, N. C, March 15, 1926. 
Son of Itimous T. and Hazel Graham (Armstrong) Valentine. 
Attended Nashville High School, 1939-1943; The Citadel, A.B., 
1948; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1952. 
Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar 
Association; Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity; Clerk of Thomas 
RufRn Chapter, Phi Alpha Delta, University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1951-1952. Mason. Member Jr. Chamber of Com- 
merce, Lions Club, and American Legion. Sergeant, United States 
Army Air Corps, 1944-1946. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1955. Baptist; Teacher of Young Peoples Class of Sun- 
day School since 1952. Married Elizabeth Salyer Carr, September 
6, 1953. Two children: Stephen May, born April 27, 1955, and Mark 
Lee, born Sept. 10, 1956. Address: Nashville, N. C. 

PERCY R. VANN 

Percy R. Vann, Democrat, Representative from Sampson County, 
was born in Newton Grove, N, C, May 9, 1896. Son of R. D. and 
Ellen (Tart) Van.. Attended Glencoe Preparatory School; Clin- 
ton High School; Campbell College. Chevrolet dealer for 23 years; 
also engaged in extensive farming. Formerly wholesale merchant 
in Clinton for twelve years. Past member Chamber of Commerce; 
Merchants Association; Rotary Club; Elks Club; Junior Order 
U.A.M.; President of Roseboro Lions Club, 1953; Chairman of 
Roseboro Lions Club Farmers Day Celebration, 1953. Served in 
World War I with service overseas. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Methodist; Steward; Church Treasur- 
er, 1947-1951; Chairman of Church Official Board, 1955-1956. Mar- 
ried Marie Turlington of Clinton, October 2, 1926. Children: Ida 
Rae Vann and J. E, Vann. Address: Clinton, N. C. 



530 North Carolina Manual 

CARL VERNON VENTERS 

Carl Vernon Venters, Democrat, Representative from Onslow 
County, was born at Richlands, N. C, January 18, 1906. Son of 
Wayne B. and Julia G. (Stevens) Venters. Attended Richlands 
High School, 1918-1921; A.B. degree, University of North Caro- 
lina, 1926; LL.B., 1929. Lawyer. Member of N. C. State Bar and 
N. C. Bar Association. Editorial Staff, Edward Thompson Co., 
Law Publishers, Northport, L. I., N. Y., January 1930-August, 
1935; Associate Member Law Firm of Milbank, Tweed & Hope, 15 
Broad St., New York, N. Y., September, 1935 to August, 1943; 
Associate Member Law Firm of Oliver & Donnally, 110 E. 42nd 
St., New York, N. Y. September, 1943 to September, 1945. So- 
licitor, Onslow County Criminal Court, 1947-1948. City Attorney 
for City of Jacksonville, N. C, 1955-1956. Member of Phi Gamma 
Delta (Social) and Phi Delta Phi (Legal) Fraternities. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955, 
Episcopalian; member of Vestry, St. Pauls Episcopal Church, 
Northport, N. Y., 1932-1935; member of Vestry, St. Anne's Episco- 
pal Church, Jacksonville, N. C, 1946-1955. Married Margaret 
Dean Burnette, April 30, 1930. Three children: Carl V. Venters, 
Jr., Wayne B. Venters, Margaret Gayle Venters. Address: Jack- 
sonville, N. C. 

JAMES B. VOGLER 

James B. Vogler, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Charlotte, North Carolina, April 13, 1895. 
Son of the late James A. and Susan Carolina (Alexander) Vogler. 
Attended the Public Schools of the city of Charlotte; Baird's 
Military Institute. Executive Secretary and Manager of the North 
Carolina Food Dealers Association; Editor of The Carolina Food 
Dealer. Served as Secretary for the North Carolina Food and 
Grocery Distributors Code Authority during the N.R.A. Organized 
North Carolina under the National Recovery Administration for 
the food and grocery industry. President, National Association 
Retail Grocers Secretaries Association. Chairman, Fair Trade 
Council of the City of Charlotte. President, Mecklenburg County 
Food Trades Council. President, Charlotte Chapter of American 
War Dads. 32nd Degree Mason, B. L. Excelsior No. 261, Char- 
lotte, Royal Arch Masons and Ausa Grotto. President, Asparaguj 



Biographical Sketches 531 

Club International. President, Board of Governors, Southeastern 
Executive Secretaries Association. Vice President, Charlotte Chap- 
ter Travelers Protective Association. In January of 1942 was 
appointed by His Excellency, Governor J. Melville Broughton, 
as Director of the War Production Board Salvage Activities in 
North Carolina and served in this capacity until March 15, 1944. 
Member of the General Assembly, 1936 Special Session, 1937, 1938 
Special Session, 1939, 1941, 1945, 1947, 1951, 1955, and 1956 Spe- 
cial Session. 1939 Regular Session, Chairman of Committee on 
Manufacturers and Labor; 1941 Regular Session, Chairman of 
Committee on Counties, Cities and Towns; Author of House Bill 
No. 815 introduced by Bost of Cabarrus, Vogler of Mecklen- 
burg, and Rudisill of Gaston, establishing the North Carolina 
Vocational Textile School; 1945 Regular Session, Chairman of 
Committee on Public Welfare; 1947 Regular Session, Chairman of 
Election and Election Laws; 1951 Session, Chairman of Committee 
on Printing; 1955 Regular Session, Chairman of Building and 
Grounds Committee. Methodist; Chairman of the Board of Trus- 
tees, Memorial Methodist Church, formerly the Brevard Street 
Methodist Church. Married Lillian Raymelle Ketchie, June 12, 
1916. Three children: James Brevard Vogler, Jr., Major, U. S. Air 
Force; John T. Vogler, and Mrs. Louis H. Layne of Charlotte. 
Home Address: 2011 Crescent Avenue, Charlotte, N. C. 

WALTER WILBORN WALL 

Walter Wilborn Wall, Democrat, Representative from Mc- 
Dowell County, was born in Marion, N. C, October 30, 1911. Son 
of A. U. and Affie (White) Wall. Owner of W. W. Wall Co., 
manufacturers of garments. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1955. Married Hettie Joe Walker, November 16, 1934. 
Children: Avery Dean Wall, age 15, and Melinda Carole Wall, 
age 12. Address: Oak St., Marion, N. C. 

JOSEPH PAUL WALLACE 

Joseph Paul Wallace, Democrat, Representative from Mont- 
gomery County, was born in Troy, N. C, October 29, 1905. Son 
of James Rufus and Louise (Wooley) Wallace. Graduated from 
Troy High School, 1925. Automobile dealer; Secretary and Treas- 
urer of Montgomery Dairy, Inc., Troy, N. C. Past President of 



532 North Carolina Manual 

Young Democratic Club of Montgomery County; Past President 
of Troy Rotary Club; I*resident of Troy Merchants Association; 
Chairman of Board of Commissioners of the Town of Troy, 1940- 
1942. Mason. Senator from the Eighteenth Senatorial District in 
the General Assembly of 1943. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1955. Methodist; Church Treas- 
urer, 1940-1944. Married Miriam Rebecca McKenzie, December 
25, 1934. Three children: Rebecca, Susan, and Carolyn. Address: 
Troy, N. C. 

JOSEPH ADAMS WATKINS 

Joseph Adams Watkins, Democrat, Representative from Gran- 
ville County, w^as born in that county. May 25, 1908. Son of John 
S. and Belle (Norwood) Watkins. Attended Cornwall Grade 
School, 1914-1922; Oak Hill High School, 1922-1927; Wake Forest 
College, A.B. degree, 1931. Automobile dealer. Member N. C. Auto 
Dealers Association and National Automobile Dealers Associa- 
tion. Commissioner, City of Oxford, 1945-1954; Mayor Pro-tem, 
City of Oxford, 1953-1954. Director Oxford National Bank; Direc- 
tor Oxford Credit Union; Treasurer N. C. Automobile Dealers 
Association 1956-57. Member Adoniram Masonic Lodge; Oxford 
Kiwanis Club, former Director, Vice-President and President; 
Granville County Chamber of Commerce, former Director and 
Vice-President. Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. 
Baptist. Married Doris Poole of Virgilina, Va., October 1, 1938. 
Two daughters, Jo Anna Watkins and Doris Poole Watkins. 
Address: Pine Cone Drive, Oxford, N. C. 

THOMAS JACKSON WHITE 

Thomas Jackson White, Democrat, Representative from Lenoir 
County, was born in Concord, N. C, March 6, 1903. Son of Thomas 
Jackson, Sr., and Mary Isabelle (Culp) White. Attended Cabarrus 
County Elementary Schools, 1909-1914; Kershaw, S. C, County 
Elementary Schools, 1915-1917; Charlotte University School 
1917; Bailey Military Institute, 1918-1919; Concord High School, 
1919-1920; North Carolina State College, 1920-1922; University 
of North Carolina Law School, 1924-1927. Lawyer. Lenoir County 
Attorney since 1938. Member Lenoir County Bar Association, 
President, 1952; President 6th District Bar Association, 1954. 



Biographical Sketches 533 

North Carolina State Bar Association, Inc.; North Carolina Bar 
Association; American Bar Association; American Judicature 
Society; Phi Gamma Delta (Epsilon Chapter, U. N. C); Phi Alpha 
Delta Law Fraternity; Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
(Kinston Lodge No. 740). Member Wildlife Resources Commis- 
sion, 1947-1949 and Chairman, 1948-1949. Member Commis- 
sion on Legislative Representation; Delegate, Federal Judicial 
Conference of the Fourth Circuit, Hot Springs, Va., July 6, 7, 
1956; Delegate, Legislative Work Conference on Southern Reg- 
ional Education, New Orleans, La., September 13, 15, 1956. Mem- 
ber of Company E, 120th Infantry, N. C. National Guard, 1921- 
1924. Representative in the General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. 
Episcopalian. Married Mrs. Virginia Edwards Turley, December 
29, 1937. Children: Isabelle White (daughter by former marriage); 
Sarah Ellen White; Thomas Jackson White, III; Mrs. Virginia 
Turley Moseley (stepdaughter). Address: Box 603, Kinston, N. C. 

SAM LATHAM WHITEHURST 

Sam Latham Whitehurst, Democrat, Representative from Craven 
County, was born near New Bern, N. C, July 30, 1922. Son of 
Fred Hancock and Sallie Tingle Whitehurst. Graduated Fish- 
bourne Military School; attended North Carolina State College. 
Farmer. Past President Craven County Farm Bureau. Member 
Doric Lodge No. 568, A.F. & A.M. Director of N. C. Dairy Foun- 
dation. Rotarian; V. F. W.; American Legion; Scottish Rite 
Bodies; Sudan Temples. Member Board of Trustees of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. United States Army with rank of 
Corporal, January 1943 to December 1945. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Methodist; Steward. Married 
Frances Wells, July 5, 1943. Children: Sam Latham Whitehurst, 
Jr., Frances Gay Whitehurst and Fred Hancock Whitehurst, II. 
Address: Bayboro Road, New Bern, N. C. 

PHILIP RAY WHITLEY 

Philip Ray Whitley, Democrat, Representative from Wake 
County, was born in Selma, N. C, July 1, 1905. Son of Raford 
Bryant and Mamie (Harper) Whitley. Attended the public schools 
of Wendell; University of North Carolina, LL.B., 1929. Merchant 
and farmer. President, R. B. Whitley & Son, Inc. and Wendell 



Whitley of Wake 
Wicker of Lee 

Williams of Pasquotank 



Williams of Yadkin 
Wilson of Caswell 
Wilson of Union 



Womblc of Forsyth 
Womble of Wake 

Woodard of Northampton 



VVoodard of Wilson 
Wooten of Pitt 

Yarborough of Cumberland 



Yarborough of Franklin 
Zollicoffer of Vance 

Annie Cooper Principal Clerk 




Biographical Sketches 535 

Industries, Inc.; Chairman Board of Directors The Bank of Wen- 
dell; Director State Capital Life Insurance Co. and Contentnea 
Guano Co. Wake County Democratic Chairman, 1934-1942. Mason; 
American Legion, (40 & 8). Volunteered for duty day following 
Pearl Harbor; Captain, Infantry, January 1942, to October 1945; 
commanded an infantry company in France. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1951, 1953 and 1955. Member, Wendell 
Christian (Disciples) Church; Chairman Official Board, 1949; 
Chairman Building Committee, 1950. Married Ruth Ballard, July 
20, 1936. Two children: Ruth Raye, age 19 and Philip Hugh, age 
16. Address: Wendell, N. C. 

J. SHELTON WICKER 

J. Shelton Wicker, Democrat, Representative from Lee County, 
was born in Sanford, N. C, December 10, 1917. Son of S. A. and 
Sally Jane (Stone) Wicker. Attended Sanford High School; North 
Carolina State College, B.S. in Agriculture, 1941. Wholesale gas 
and oil jobber, Shell Oil Company, in Lee and Harnett counties. 
Member Lee County Board of Commissioners. Member Lions Club; 
Elks Lodge; Forty & Eight; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American 
Legion. Member, Lee County Wildlife Club; Chairman of District 
5B North Carolina Wildlife Federation. Trustee of the Greater 
University of North Carolina. Drafted into United States Army, 
December 1942; served sixteen months overseas with 290th In- 
fantry, 75th Division; separated January of 1946 with rank of 
First Lieutenant. Representative in General Assembly of 1953 and 
1955. Methodist. Married Clarice M. Burns, August 3, 1942. Four 
children: Bobby, Sharon, Michael and Dennis. Address: R.F.D. 
No. 4, Sanford, N. C. 

FRANK WEBB WILLIAMS 

Frank Webb Williams, Democrat, Representative from Pasquo- 
tank County, was born in South Mills, N. C, April 19, 1899. Son 
of Daniel E. and Mamie Elizabeth (Webb) Williams. Attended 
South Mills High School, 1912-16; Wake Forest College, 1916- 
1918; University of North Carolina, 1920-1922. Insurance busi- 
ness. Member N. C. Board of Alcoholic Control from April 23, 
1937, until December 27, 1940. Private, S.A.T.C, State College, 



536 North Carolina Manual 

September to November, 1918. Member of Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1935, 1937 and 1941. Member of Ebenezer Baptist Church, South 
Mills. Married Pauline Creekmore Menzel, April 19, 1924. Two 
children: Lucille Williams MacDonald, Winnipeg, Canada and F. 
Webb Williams, Jr. Address: Elizabeth City, N. C. 

H. SMITH WILLIAMS 

H. Smith Williams, Republican, Representative from Yadkin 
County, was born in Yadkinville, N. C, May 13, 1924. Son of Co- 
lumbus and Pearl (Davis) Williams. Graduated from Yadkinville 
High School, 1941 ; University of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 
1949; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B. degree, 
1951. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Association; Delta 
Theta Phi Legal Fraternity, Vice-Dean, 1950 and 1951; Farm 
Bureau ; American Legion. Served in United States Navy from 
April, 1944 to June, 1946. Representative in the General Assem- 
bly of 1953 and 1955. Member Pilot View Friends Church; Treas- 
urer and Teacher at present. Address: Yadkinville, N. C. 

EDWARD HOWELL WILSON 

Edward Howell Wilson, Democrat, Representative from Caswell 
County, was born in Danville, Va., December 16, 1916. Son of 
William T. and Vela L. (Farmer) Wilson. Attended Bartlett Yan- 
cey High School, 1930-1934; North Carolina State College, 1934- 
1938, B.S. in Agriculture Education. Teacher and farmer. Served 
in World War II, 1941-1946, and Korean War, 1951-1953, with 
rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Member Kiwanis Club, President in 
1950. Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. Member 
V.F.W. Post 7316. Presbyterian; Deacon. Married Jeanette R. 
Ziglar, June 20, 1942. Children: Edward H. Wilson, Jr., James R. 
Wilson and Connie Sue Wilson. Address: Route 1, Blanche, N. C. 

HENRY HALL WILSON, JR. 

Henry Hall Wilson, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Union 
County, was born in Monroe, N. C, December 6, 1921. Son of 
H. H. and Annie V. (Sanders) Wilson. Attended Monroe Ele- 
mentary School, 1927-1932; Monroe Junior High School, 1932- 



Biographical Sketches 537 

1934; Monroe High School, 1934-1938; Duke University, A.B. de- 
gree, 1942; Duke University Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. 
Member Monroe Lions Club, American Legion, Veterans of Foreign 
Wars. President, North Carolina YDC, 1955-56; YDC Regional 
Director for Southeastern United States; American Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Bar Association. Entered U. S. Army, Janu- 
ary, 1943; discharged in July, 1946 as First Lieutenant. Represen- 
tative in the General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Baptist. Married 
Mary C. Walters, January 11, 1944. Three children: Mary Jean 
Wilson, age 10; Nancy Ellen Wilson, age 7; Henry H. Wilson, III, 
age 5. Address: Box 261, Monroe, N. C. 

WILLIAM BRANTLEY WOMBLE 

William Brantley Womble, Democrat, Representative from 
Wake County, was born in that county, August 6, 1896. Son of 
Andrew Thomas and Carrie Lee (Edwards) Womble. Attended 
Wake County Public Schools; Cary High School; University of 
North Carolina, 1918-1921. Lawyer. Member of Wake County, 
North Carolina and American Bar Associations. Theta Chi Frater- 
nity; Phi Alpha Delta (Law) ; Order of the Grail. Mason. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1933, 1951, 1953 and 1955. 
Baptist. Married Aetna Katherine Smith, October 22, 1923. Two 
children: Mrs. Aetna Katherine (Womble) Dowst, New York 
City; Mrs. Barbara (Womble) Innman, Norfolk, Virginia. Mar- 
ried Eliza N. Womble, October 23, 1934. Married Dorothy K. Rid- 
dle, May 22, 1948. Two children : Janet Lee Womble and Patricia 
Ann Womble. Address: Route 1, Cary, North Carolina. 

WILLIAM FLETCHER WOMBLE 

William Fletcher Womble, Democrat, Representative from For- 
syth County, was born in Winston-Salem, N. C, October 29, 1916. 
Son of B. S. and Edith (Willingham) Womble. Attended Reynolds 
High School, graduating in 1933; Duke University, A.B., 1937; 
University of North Carolina Law School, Summer Session of 
1938; Duke University Law School, LL.B., 1939. Lawyer. Member 
of N. C. Board of Higher Education; N. C. General Statutes Com- 
mission, 1953-1955; American Bar Association; N. C. Bar Asso- 
ciation; Forsyth County Bar Association; Winston-Salem Junior 



538 North Carolina Manual 

Bar Association, President, 1954. Council Member Junior Bar 
Conference of American Bar Association representing Fourth Cir- 
cuit for 1951-1952. Member Board of Trustees High Point College; 
Board of Directors local United Fund; Chairman Forsyth County 
Community Chest Campaign, 1948. Member Phi Delta Phi Legal 
Fraternity and Phi Delta Theta Social Fraternity. Drafted July, 
1941, and released from active duty with rank of Major in Air 
Forces, January 1946. Representative from Forsyth County in 
General Assembly of 1953 and 1955. Methodist; Member Board of 
Stewards of Centenary Methodist Church. Married Jane Gilbert, 
October 11, 1941. Three children: William F. Womble, Jr.; Jane 
Womble; Russell G. Womble. Address: 2027 Virginia Road, Win- 
ston-Salem, N. C. 

JOHN RAYNOR WOODARD 

John Raynor Woodard, Democrat, Representative from North- 
ampton County, was born at Pendleton, N. C, July 6, 1906. Son of 
Donald M. and Maggie (Maddrey) Woodard. Attended Buies Creek 
Academy, 1924-1925; Wake Forest College, graduating 1930, B.S. 
degree. Merchant and farmer. Town Treasurer of Conway, 1941- 
1948; Member of Northampton County Board of Education, 1942- 
1943; Member of Northampton County Board of Commissioners, 
1943-1948; Member Board of Trustees Chowan College 1948-52; 
Chairman of Board of Trustees of Chowan College 1952. President 
Northampton County Farm Bureau 1951-52. President, Conway 
Chamber of Commerce, 1956. Member of Masonic Lodge; Scottish 
Rite Mason; York Rite Mason; Member of Sudan Temple Shrine; 
Member Roanoke Valley Shrine Club; Member of Raleigh Shrine 
Club; Master, Pendleton Masonic Lodge, 1943-48. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Baptist; 
Deacon, 1939—; Sunday School Superintendent, 1940-1946; Sun- 
day School Teacher, 1931-1940, 1947-1952. Married Bernice Nor- 
ris, June 4, 1933. Two sons: John Raynor Woodard, Jr.; James 
Anderson Woodard. Address: Conway, N. C. 



* THOMAS HADLEY WOODARD 

Thomas Hadley Woodard, Democrat, Representative from Wil- 
son County, was born in Wilson, N. C, December 3, 1901. Son of 
Walter Farmer and Mattie (Hadley) Woodard. Attended Webb 



Biographical Sketches 539 

School, Bell Buckle, Tenn., 1916-1917; Augusta Military Academy, 
Fort Defiance, Va., 1917-1920; University of North Carolina, A.B., 
1924. Farmer and owner of general insurance business. President 
North Carolina Association of Insurance Agents, 1944-1945; Wil- 
son County Commissioner, 1934-1937; Chairman War Price and 
Rationing Board, 1941-1945. Member Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, Exalted Ruler, 1944. Methodist. Married Matilda 
Barnes, December 3, 1930. One daughter, Matilda Barnes Wood- 
ard. Address: 611 Raleigh Road, Wilson, N. C. 

FRANK MARION WOOTEN, JR. 

Frank Marion Wooten, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Greenville, N. C, May 3, 1916. Son of Frank 
Marion and Elizabeth Hampton (Wade) Wooten. Attended Green- 
ville High School, 1930-1933; East Carolina College, A.B., 1938; 
University of North Carolina, LL.B., 1941. Lawyer. Member Pitt 
County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Ameri- 
can Bar Association. Member Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
Greenville Lodge No. 284. Episcopalian; member and Clerk of 
Vestry; formerly Treasurer and Junior Warden. Address: 312 
West Third Street, Greenville, N. C. 

EDWARD FOSTER YARBOROUGH 

Edward Foster Yarborough, Democrat, Representative from 
Franklin County, was born in Louisbui'g, N. C, February 10, 1910. 
Son of William Henry and Eloise (Hill) Yarborough. Graduated 
Louisburg High School, 1927; attended Woodberry Forest School, 
Woodberry Forest, Va., 1927-1928; University of North Carolina, 
1928-1931; Wake Forest College Law School. Lawyer. Member 
N. C. Bar Association and American Bar Association. County At- 
torney for Franklin County, 1955 to date. President, Seventh 
Judicial District Bar Association, 1954-1955. President of Louis- 
burg Lions Club, 1956-57; Mason, Shriner, member of Sudan Tem- 
ple, Secretary of Franklin County Shrine Club, 1954-1955. Chair- 
man of Morehead Scholarship Committee for Franklin County 
since 1955. Served in Army of the United States, 1942-1946, over- 
seas service in Asiatic-Pacific Theater of Operations; discharged 
as Captain; Major, North Carolina National Guard, 1947-1952; Lt. 



540 North Carolina Manual 

Colonel, 1952 to date; Commanding- Officer 113th Field Artillery 
Battalion of 30th Infantry Division since 1951. Commander, Louis- 
burg Post of American Legion, 1948-1949. Member of Forty and 
Eight. Representative in the 1951, 1953 and 1955 sessions of the 
North Carolina General Assembly. Member of North Carolina Ad- 
visory Committee on Education, 1955 to date. Episcopalian; Ves- 
tryman and Secretary of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Louisburg, 
N. C; Bible Class Teacher, 1946-1956; Lay Reader, 1949-1952. 
Married Nancy Hayes, February 8, 1948. One son, William Henry 
Yarborough, born June 13, 1955. Address : Louisburg, N. C. 

WILSON FRANKLIN YARBOROUGH, SR. 

Wilson Franklin Yarborough, Sr., Democrat, Representative 
from Cumberland County, vi^as born in that county, December 10, 
1908. Son of Franklin Curtis and Romelia (Marsh) Yarborough. 
Attended Gray's Creek High School, 1915-1925; Brevard College, 
Commercial Law and Bookkeeping, 1927. Automobile and real 
estate dealer. Member North Carolina Automobile Dealers Asso- 
ciation, Director from 1945 to 1954; President North Carolina 
Automobile Dealers Association, 1954-1955. Member Fayetteville 
City Council, 1942-1943. President Fayetteville Rotary Club, 1953- 
1954. Mason and Shriner. Representative in the General Assem- 
bly of 1955. Served one term as Page and one term as Chief Page 
of N. C. Senate. Trustee of Methodist College, Fayetteville. Meth- 
odist. Member Board of Stewards since 1946; Chairman Board of 
Stewards, 1953; Chairman Finance Committee, 1946-1947. Mar- 
ried Mary Pearl Butler, October 10, 1928. Children: Wilson F. 
Yarborough, Jr., Ramon L. Yarborough, David B. Yarborough. 
Address: 1703 Raeford Road, Fayetteville, N. C. 

ALGERNON AUGUSTUS ZOLLICOFFER, JR. 

Algernon Augustus Zollicoffer, Jr., Democrat, Representative 
from Vance County, was born in Henderson, N. C, March 6, 
1924. Son of Algernon Augustus and Fannie Spotswood (Cooper) 
Zollicoffer. Attended Henderson High School, 1937-1940; McCallie 
School, Chattanooga, Tenn., 1940-1941; University of North Car- 
olina, B.S. in Commerce, 1947; University of North Carolina Law 
School, LL.D., 1950. Lawyer. Past member Rotary Club; member 



Biographical Sketches 541 

Delta Kappa Epsilon and Phi Delta Phi while at University of 
North Carolina. Prosecuting' Attorney, Vance County Recorder's 
Court, 1955-1956. Served in United States Navy Resei've as Lieu- 
tenant (jg), with active duty from July of 1943 until August of 
1946. Episcopalian. Married Jane Crichton Lewis, April 11, 1953. 
Children : Jane Crichton Zollicoffer and Allison Caulaincourt Zol- 
licoffer. Address: Meadow Lane, Henderson, N. C. 



OCCUPATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 1957 



SENATE 



AUTOMOBILE DEALERS 

Stephenson, J. R. 
Vann, Henry 

BANKER 

Marshall, William F. 

BUILDING & LOAN 

Kirkman, O. Arthur 

BUSINESSMAN 

Thomas, J. Benton 
DENTIST 

Jones, Dr. Paul E. 
EDUCATION 

Lanier, Edwin S. 

FARMERS 

Bell, J. Spencer 
Copeland, J. William 
Eagles, J. C, Jr. 
Henkel, C. V. 
Jones, Dr. Paul E. 
Marshall, William F. 
Owens, Edward L. 
Rose, Dr. D. J. 
Rowe, Roy 
Shelton, Henry G. 
Stephenson, J. R. 
Thomas, J. Benton 
Vann, Henry 
Whitley, Adam J., Jr. 



FLOORING COMPANY 
OFFICIAL 

Gentry, Todd H. 

INSURANCE 

Stikeleather, James G., Jr. 

LAWYERS 

Aydlett, N. Elton 
Bell, J. Spencer 
Carroll, Seavy A. 
Clark, Edward B. 
Cooke, Frank Patton 
Copeland, J. William 
Cowen, Robert H. 
Crew, W. Lunsford 
Dawson, John G. 
Graves, Calvin 
Hamilton, Luther, Sr. 
Hightower, E. Avery 
Hoyle,J. W. 
Jolly, Wilbur M. 
Long, Richard G. 
Martin, Perry W. 
Mason, James W. 
McBee, John C. 
McMichael, Jule 
Owens, Edward L. 
Poyner, James M. 
Rutledge, J. Carlyle 
Stoner, Paul G. 
Whitmire, R. Lee 
Williams, Staton P. 
Woodson, Nelson 



542 



Biographical Sketches 



643 



LUMBER BUSINESSES 

Cobb, William E. 
Marshall, William F. 

MANUFACTURERS 

Jordan, Dr. Henry W. 
Shuford, W. B. 
Vann, Henry 

MERCHANTS 

Eller, H. P. 
Morgan, Robert F. 

PHARMACIST 

Bennett, Kelly E. 
RAILROAD OFFICIAL 

Kirkman, 0. Arthur 
REAL ESTATE DEALERS 

Moore, Cutlar 



Owens, Edward L. 
Stikeleather, James G., Jr. 

SAVINGS & LOAN 

Currie, Claude 

SURGEON (retired) 
Rose, D. J., Dr. 

TEXTILES 

Henkel, C. V. 
Sumner, Benjamin H. 

THEATER OWNERS 

Rowe, Roy 
Vann, Henry 

TOBACCONIST 

Eagles, J. C, Jr. 
TRANSPORTATION 

Eller, H. P. 



HOUSE OF 

AUTOMOBILE DEALERS 

Britt, Sidney D. 
Fowler, Joe, Jr. 
Harriss, Clyde H. 
Hicks, Ernest L. 
Jones, Austin 
Vann, P. R. 
Wallace, J. Paul 
Watkins, Joseph A. 
Yarborough, Wilson F., S 

AUTOMOBILE FINANCE 

Harriss, Clyde H. 
BANKERS 

Doughton, J. K. 



REPRESENTATIVES 

Ferebee, Percy B. 
Hill, Watts, Jr. 

BARBER AND BEAUTY 
SCHOOL OPERATOR 

Gobble, F. L. 

BONDING & INSURANCE 
DEALER 

Burleson, Jeter C. 

OPERATOR OF BOWLING 
ESTABLISHMENTS 

Kemp, Ed 
CATTLE DEALER 

Gregory,Carson 



r. 



544 



North Carolina Manual 



CHEMICAL 

MANUFACTURER 

Stone, Clarence E., Jr. 
DAIRYMAN 

Gregory, Carson 

FARMERS 

Brinkley, Harold 
Britt, Sidney D, 
Burgess, S. E. 
Byrum, Albert G. 
Carpenter, John F., Sr. 
Clark, David 
Combs, Lewis L. 
Doughton, J. K. 
Eggers, S. C, Sr. 
Floyd, F. Wayland 
Gregory, Carson 
Hardy, Herbert 
Hargett, John M. 
Kiser, Roger C. 
McCrary, Charles B. 
Murphy, Ashley M. 
Parker, J. Roy, Sr. 
Reynolds, W. D. 
Satterfield, B. I. 
Speight, James A. 
Stone, Clarence E., Jr. 
Talton, Hardy 
Thomas, C. Blake 
Vann, P. R. 
Whitehurst, Sam L. 
Whitley, Philip R. 
Wilson, Edward H. 
Woodard, J. Raynor 
Woodard, Thomas H. 

FARM EQUIPMENT DEALER 

Everett, R. Frank 



FERTILIZER DEALER 

Everett, R. Frank 

FOOD DEALERS 

ASSOCIATION OFFICIAL 

Vogler, James B. 

FURNITURE AND 

TAPESTRY DEALER 

Anderson, John L. 

GAS & OIL DISTRIBUTOR 

Wicker, J. Shelton 

GROWER & PROCESSOR OF 
HYBRID SEED CORN 

Pittman, Frank S. 
HOUSE MOVING CONTRACTOR 

Coates, Roy C. 
HOTEL MANAGER 

O'Neal, Dick 

INSURANCE 

Etheridge, R. Bruce 
Everett, R. Frank 
Floyd, William F. 
Harriss, Clyde H. 
Hunt, Joseph M., Jr. 
McKnight, James E. 
Murphy, Ashley M. 
Umstead, J. W., Jr. 
Williams, F. Webb 
Woodard, Thomas H. 

LAWYERS 

Bost, E. T., Jr. 
Bov^rman, James C. 
Brock, B.C. 



Biographical Sketches 



545 



Buchanan, Marcellus 
Bynum, Fred W., Jr. 
Childers, Max L. 
Clark, David 
Craig, George W. 
Crawford, I. C. 
Davis, J. Toliver 
Dellinger, David P. 
Dill, Thomas G. 
Falls, B. T., Jr. 
Floyd, F. Wayland 
Gavin, W. Ed 
Harris, W. C, Jr. 
Hewlett, Addison, Jr. 
Holmes, Carroll R. 
Hostetler, Charles A. 
Houk, Guy L. 
Jordan, John Y., Jr. 
Kerr, John, Jr. 
Leake, A. E. 
Lloyd, Leonard W. 
Long, George A. 
Powe, E. K. 
Ross, L. H. 
Satterfield, B. I. 
Shreve, Clyde A. 
Simpson, Dan R. 
Snepp, Frank W. 
Taylor, H. P., Jr. 
Thompson, W. Reid 
Turner, Thomas 
Uzzell, George R. 
Valentine, Itimous T., Jr. 
Venters, Carl V. 
White, Thomas J. 
Williams, H. Smith 
Wilson, Henry H., Jr. 
Womble, W. Brantley 
Womble, Wm. F. 
Wooten, Frank M., Jr. 



Yarborough, Edward F. 
Zollicoffer, A. A., Jr. 

MANUFACTURERS 

Philpott, H. Cloyd 
Wall, W. W. 

LUMBER BUSINESS 

Burleson, Jeter C. 
Hughes, Jim 

MERCHANTS 

Arledge, J. Thurston 
Askew, Allen E. 
Bell, Dan G. 
Delamar, Ned 
Eggers, S. C, Sr. 
Everett, R. Frank 
Johnson, Hugh S., Jr. 
Pittman, Frank S. 
Randall, J. T. 
Whitley, Philip R. 
Woodard, J. Raynor 

OFFICE EQUIPMENT 
DEALER 

Jones, Walter B. 

NOTARY PUBLIC 

Thomas, A. V. 

PEANUT BUYER 

Everett, R. Frank 

PHARMACIST 

Henley, John T. 
PHYSICIAN 

Phelps, Dr. J. M. 



546 



North Carolina Manual 



POTTERY MANUFACTURER 

Kennedy, Claude L. 

PUBLISHERS 

Blue, H. Clifton 
Parker, J. Roy, Sr. 

REAL ESTATE DEALERS 

Carpenter, John F., Sr. 
Egg-ers, S. C, Sr. 
Reynolds, W. D. 
Yarborough, Wilson F., Sr. 

RESTAURANT OWNERS 

Gaither, James C. 
Gregory, Carson 
Griggs, Walton S. 

SCHOOL SUPERVISOR 

Rodenbough, Grace Taylor 
SEAFOOD DEALER 

O'Neal, Dick 

SERVICE STATION 
OPERATORS 

Hargett, John M. 
Randall, J. T. 
Wallace, J. Paul 

SWINE BREEDER 

Gregory, Carson 
TAX CONSULTANT 
Thomas, A. V. 



OWNER OF 

TAXICAB COMPANY 

Gregory, Carson 

TEACHERS 

Kiser, Roger C. 
Martin, Vernon F. 
Wilson, Edward H. 

TEXTILE MILL SUPERVISOR 

Quinn, Dwight W. 

TOBACCO COMPANY 
EMPLOYEE 

Powell, Radford G. 

TOBACCONIST 

Talton, Hardy 

TOURIST COURT 
OPERATOR 

Crawford, C. R. 

TRANSPORTATION 

Love, Jack D. 

UNDERTAKER 

Holcombe, Harlon 
WHOLESALE FEED DEALER 

Crawford, C. R. 
WHOLESALE GROCER 

Stone, Clarence E., Jr. 



PART VllI 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 

President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Kansas 

Vice-President Richard M. Nixon, California 

THE CABINET 

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, New York 

Secretary of the Treasury Robert B. Anderson, Texas 

Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson, Michigan 

Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr., New York 

Postmaster General Arthur E. Summerfield, Michigan 

Secretary of the Interior Fred A. Seaton, Nebraska 

Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson, Utah 

Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks, Massachusetts 

Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell, New Jersey 

Secretary of Health, Education & Welfare Marion B. Folsom, New York 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

SENATORS 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr Morgan ton 

W. Kerr Scott Haw River 

REPRESENTATIVES 

First District Herbert C. Bonner Washington 

Second District L. H. Fountain Tarboro 

Third District Graham A. Barden New Bern 

Fourth District Harold D. Cooley Nashville 

Fifth District Ralph J. Scott Danbury 

Sixth District Carl T. Durham Chapel Hill 

Seventh District Alton A. Lennon Wilmington 

Eighth District A. Paul Kitehin Wadesboro 

Ninth District Hugh Q. Alexander Kannapolis 

Tenth District Charies R. Jonas Lincolnton 

Eleventh District Basil L. Whitener Gastonia 

Twelfth District George A. Shuford Ashe-rille 

UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT 

Earl Warren Chief Justice California 

Harold H. Burton Associate Justice Ohio 

Hugo L. Black Associate Justice Alabama 

Charles E. Whittaker Associate Justice Missouri 

Felix Frankfurter Associate Justice Massachusetts 

William O. Douglas Associate Justice Washington 

Tom C. Clark " . . . . Associate Justice Texas 

William J. Brennan, Jr Associate Justice New Jersey 

John M. Harian Associate Justice New York 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS IN NORTH CAROLINA 

JUDGES 

Eastern District Don L. Gilliam Tarboro 

Middle District J. J. Hayes Wilkesboro 

Western District Wilson Wariick Newton 

CLERKS 

Eastern District A. Hand James Raleigh 

Middle District Herman A. Smith Greensboro 

Western District Thomas E. Rhodes Asheville 

DISTRICT ATTORNEYS 

Eastern District Julian T. Gaskill Goldsboro 

Middle District Edwin M. Stanley Greensboro 

Western District J. M. Baley, Jr Marshall 

UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS 
^ , For the Fourth Circuit 
Judge John J. Parker Charlotte 

549 



550 North Carolina Manual 

governors of the states and territories 

Name State Address 

James E. Folsom Alabama State Capitol Montgomery 

Ernest W. McFarland Arizona State House Phoenix 

Orval E. Faubus Arkansas State Capitol Little Rock 

Goodwin J. Knight California State Capitol Sacramento 

Stephen L. R. McNichols Colorado State Capitol Denver 

Abraham A. Ribicoff Connecticut State Capitol Hartford 

J. Caleb Boggs Delaware State House Dover 

LeRoy Collins Florida State Capitol Tallahassee 

Marvin Griffin Georgia State Capitol Atlanta 

Robert E. Smylie Idaho State Capitol Boise 

William G. Stratton Illinois State Capitol Springfield 

Harold W. Handley Indiana State Capitol Indianapolis 

Herschel C. Loveless Iowa State Capitol Des Moines 

George Docking Kansas State House Topeka 

Albert B. Chandler Kentucky State Capitol Frankfort 

Earl K. Long Louisiana State Capitol Baton Rouge 

Edmund S. Muskie Maine State House Augusta 

Theodore R. McKeldin Maryland State House Annapolis 

Foster Furcolo Massachusetts State House Boston 

G. Mennen Williams Michigan State Capitol Lansing 

Orville L. Freeman Minnesota State Capitol St. Paul 

James P. Coleman Mississippi State Capitol Jackson 

James T. Blair, Jr Missouri State Capitol Jefferson City 

J. Hugo Aronson Montana State Capitol Helena 

Victor E. Anderson Nebraska State Capitol Lincoln 

Charles H. Russell Nevada State Capitol Carson City 

Lane Dwinell New Hampshire State House Concord 

Robert B. Meyner New Jersey State House Trenton 

Edwin L. Mechem New Mexico State Capitol Santa Fe 

Averell Harriman New York State Capitol Albany 

Luther H. Hodges North Carolina State Capitol Raleigh 

John E. Davis North Dakota State Capitol Bismarck 

C. V/illiam O'Neill Ohio State House Columbus 

Raymond Gary Oklahoma State Capitol Oklahoma City 

Robert D. Holmes Oregon State Capitol Salem 

George M. Leader Pennsylvania State Capitol Harrisburg 

Dennis J. Roberts Rhode Island State House Providence 

George B. Timmerman, Jr South Carolina State House Columbia 

Joe Foss South Dakota State Capitol Pierre 

Frank G. Clement Tennessee State Capitol Nashville 

Price Daniel Texas State Capitol Austin 

George D. Clyde Utah State Capitol Salt Lake City 

Joseph B. Johnson Vermont State House Montpelier 

Thomas B. Stanley Virginia State Capitol Richmond 

Albert D. Rosellini Washington State Capitol Olympia 

Cecil H. Underwood West Virginia State Capitol Charleston 

Vernon W. Thomson Wisconsin State Capitol Madison 

Milward L. Simpson Wyoming State Capitol Cheyenne 

Waino E. Hendrickson Alaska Territorial Bldg. Juneau 

Richard B. Lowe Guam Congress Bldg. Agana 

Samuel W. King Hawaii lolani Palace Honolulu 

Luis Munoz-Marin Puerto Rico Capitol San Juan 

Walter A. Gordon Virgin Islands Municipal Bldg. Charlotte Amalie, 

St. Thomas 



STATE GOVERNMENT 

President of the Senate Luther E. Earnhardt Cabarrus 

Speaker of the House of 

Representatives J. K. Doughton Alleghany 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Governor Luther H. Hodges Rockingham 

Secretary of State *Thad Eure Hertford 

Auditor *Henry L. Bridges Guilford 

Treasurer *Edwin Gill Scotland 

Supt. of Public Instruction *Charles F. Carroll Duplin 

Attorney General Geo. B. Patton Macon 

Commissioner of Agriculture *L. Y. Ballentine Wake 

Commissioner of Labor *Frank Crane Union 

Commissioner of Insurance *Charles F. Gold Rutherford 



♦Constitute the Coimcil of State (Attorney General is the legal advisor to the Executive 
Department). 

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 
Supreme Court 

Chief Justice J. Wallace Winborne *Raleigh 

Associate Justice E. B. Denny *Raleigh 

Associate Justice Jeff D. Johnson, Jr *Raleigh 

Associate Justice R. Hunt Parker *Raleigh 

Associate Justice Wm. H. Bobbitt *Raleigh 

Associate Justice Carlisle Higgins *Raleigh 

Associate Justice Wm. B. Rodman *Raleigh 

Emergency Justice M. V. Barnhill Rocky Mount 

Emergency Justice W. A. Devin Oxford 



♦Official (not legal) residences 

Superior Court Judges 

District Name Address 

First Chester R. Morris Coin jock 

Second Malcolm C. Paul Washington 

Third William J. Bundy Greenville 

Fourth Henry L. Stevens, Jr Warsaw 

Fifth Clifton L. Moore Burgaw 

Sixth Joseph W. Parker Windsor 

Seventh Walter J. Bone Nashville 

Eighth J. Paul Frizzelle Snow Hill 

Ninth Hamilton H. Hobgood Louisburg 

Tenth William Y. Bickett Raleigh 

Eleventh Clawson L. Williams Sanford 

Twelfth Q. K. Nimocks, Jr Fayetteville 

Thirteenth Raymond Mallard Tabor City 

Fourteenth Clarence W. Hall Durham 

Fifteenth Leo Carr Burlington 

Sixteenth Malcolm B. Sea well Lumberton 

Seventeenth Allen H. Gwyn Reidsville 

Eighteenth A L. Richardson Preyer Greensboro 

Eighteenth B Walter E. Crissman High Point 

Nineteenth Frank M. Armstrong Troy 

Twentieth F. Donald Phillips Rockingham 

Twenty-first Walter E. Johnston, Jr Winston-Salem 

Twenty-second Hubert E. Olive Lexington 

Twenty-third J. A. Rousseau North Wilkesboro 

Twenty-fourth J. Frank Huskins Burnsville 

551 



552 North Carolina Manual 

District Name Address 

Twenty-fifth James C. Farthing Lenoir 

Twenty-sixth A Hugh B. Campbell Charlotte 

Twenty-sixth B Francis O. Clarl<son Charlotte 

Twenty-seventh P. C. Froneberger Gastonia 

Twenty-eighth Zeb V. Nettles Asheville 

Twenty-ninth J. W. Pless, Jr Marion 

Thirtieth Dan K. Moore Sylva 

Special Judge J. B. Craven, Jr Morgan ton 

Special Judge George M. Fountain Tarboro 

Special Judge W. A. Leland McKeithen Pinehurst 

Special Judge Susie Sharp Reidsville 

Emergency Judge W. H. S. Burgwyn Woodland 

Emergency Judge Henry A. Grady New Bern 

Emergency Judge H. Hoyle Sink .' Greensboro 

Solicitors 

First Walter Cohoon Elizabeth City 

Second Hubert E. May Nashville 

Third E. R. Tyler. . ." Roxobel 

Fourth W. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Fifth Robert D. Rouse, Jr Farmville 

Sixth Walter T. Britt Clinton 

Seventh Lester V. Chalmers Raleigh 

Eighth John J. Burney , Jr Wilmington 

Ninth Maurice Braswell Fayetteville 

Tenth William H. Murdock Durham 

Eleventh Harvey A. Lupton Winston-Salem 

Twelfth Horace R. Komegay Greensboro 

Thirteenth M. G. Boyette Carthage 

Fourteenth Grady B. Stott Gastonia 

Fifteenth Zeb A. Morris Concord 

Sixteenth B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Seventeenth J. AUie Hayes N. Wilkesboro 

Eighteenth Clarence O. Ridings Forest City 

Nineteenth Robert S. Swain Asheville 

Twentieth T. D. Brvson, Jr Bryson City 

Twenty-first Chas. M. Neaves Elkin 

HEADS OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

Adjutant General John Hall Manning Wake 

Department of Administration. . . .Paul A. Johnston, Director Orange 

Department of Agriculture L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner Wake 

Board of Alcoholic Control T. W. Allen, Chairman Granville 

N. C. Alcoholic Rehabilitation 

Program S. K. Proctor, Director Wake 

State Dept. of Archives and 

History Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director Wake 

Department of Auditor Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor Guilford 

Banking Department W. W. Jones, Commissioner Wake 

Commission for the Blind H. A. Wood, Executive Secretary Lincoln 

Budget Bureau D. S. Coltrane, Assistant Director Randolph 

N. C. Burial Association J. Wilbert ForlDes, Commissioner Camden 

N. C. Council of Civil Defense. . . .Edward F. Griffin, Director Franklin 

Department of Conservation 

and Development William P. Saunders, Director Moore 

Board of Correction and Training. .Blaine M. Madison, Commissioner Iredell 

State Board of Education CD. Douglas, Controller Wake 

Board of Higher Education J. Harris Purks, Director Wake 

State Board of Elections R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary Wake 

Employment Security Com Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Cleveland 

General Services Division George B. Cherry, Director Wake 

State Board of Health Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Secretary Wake 

State Highway Patrol James R. Smith, Commander New Hanover 

State Highway Commission W. T. Joyner, Chairman Wake 

State Highways W. F. Babcock, Director Wake 



State Government 553 

N. C. Hospitals Board of Control. .Dr. James W. Murdoch, General Supt Wake 

R. M. Purser, Business Manager Wayne 

Industrial Commission J. W. Bean, Chairman Rowan 

Department of Insurance Charles F. Gold, Commissioner Rutherford 

Bureau of Investigation Walter F. Anderson, Director Wake 

Department of Justice Geo. B. Patton, Attorney General Macon 

Department of Labor Frank Crane, Commissioner Union 

N. C. State Library Mrs. Elizabeth House Hughey, State Librarian . Martin 

Local Government Commission. . . W. E. Easterling, Secretary Wake 

Medical Care Commission Charles S. Templeton, Executive Secretary. . . . Rowan 

Merit Syste