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Full text of "North Carolina manual [serial]"

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THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 



C917.05 
N87m 



FOR USE ONLY IN 
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION 



Form No. A-368. Rev. 8/95 



NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1959 




Issued by 

Thad Eure 

Secretary of State 

Raleigh 



19 5 9 



JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL 

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MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST 

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S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S AI T W T F S S Al T W T F S 

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TO THE 

1959 MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 



TO THE 

STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND TOWN OFFICIALS 



AND TO THE 

PEOPLE OF THE OLD NORTH STATE 
AT HOME AND ABROAD 



THIS MANUAL IS RESPECTFULLY 
DEDICATED 




Secretary of State 






Printed by 

OWEN G. DUNN CO. 

New Bern, N. C, U. S. A. 



CONTENTS 

PART I 

HISTORICAL 

Page 

The State 3 

The State Capitol 17 

Chief Executives of North Carolina 

Governors of Virginia 20 

Executives under the Proprietors 20 

Governors under the Crown 21 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 21 

Governors Elected by the People 23 

List of Lieutenant Governors 25 

The State Flag 27 

The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence 28 

The Great Seal of North Carolina 30 

The State Bird 33 

The Halifax Resolution 34 

Name of State and Nicknames 35 

The State Motto 35 

The State Colors . 3 6 

The State Flower 36 

The State's Most Famous Toast 36 

Public Holidays in Nortli Carolina 37 

Population of the State since 1675 38 

State Song 39 

The Constitution of North Carolina 41 

The American's Creed 81 

The American Flag 

Origin 81 

Proper Display ^ 83 

Pledge to the Flag 87 

The National Capitol 89 

Declaration of Independence 92 

Constitution of the United States 97 

PART II 

CENSUS 

Seventeenth Census, 1950 

Population of State '.- 121 

Population of Counties 122 

Population of Cities and Towns 

Incorporated places of 10,000 or more 122 

Incorporated places of 2,500 to 10,000 123 

Incorporated places of 1,000 to 2,500 123 

Incorporated places of less than 1,000 125 

Estimated Population of United States, 1958 129 



VI X(ii;i II Cauoi.ina Manual 



PART III 



rOLlTICAL Page 



o 



Congressional Districts 13 

Judicial Districts 133 

Solicitorial Districts 137 

Senatorial Districts and Apportionment of Senators 138 

Apportionment of Members of the House of Representatives .^ 140 

State Democratic Platform 141 

Plan of Organization of the State Democratic Party 156 

Committees of the Democratic Party 

State Democratic Executive Committee 170 

Congressional District Executive Committee 174 

Judicial District Executive Committees 178 

Senatorial District Executive Committees 183 

State Democratic Solicitorial District 

Executive Committees 18 6 

Chairman of the County Executive Committees 190 

County Vice-Chairmen 192 

State Republican Platform 196 

Plan of Organization of the State Republican Party 218 

Committees of the Republican Party 

State Republican Executive Committee 226 

Congressional, Judicial and Senatorial 

District Committees 229 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 229 

PART IV 
ELECTION RETURNS 

Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States, 1956 Z35 

Popular Vote for President by States, 1940-1952 236 

Vote for President by Counties, 1936-1956 238 

Vote for Governor by Counties, Primaries, 1956 241 

Vote for Governor by Counties, General Elections, 1936-1956 243 

Vote for State Officials, Democratic Primaries, 1948-1954 246 

Vote for State Officials by Counties. Primary, 1956 248 

Total Votes Cast — General Election, 1954-1958 252 

Vote for Governor in Democratic Primaries, 1932-1956 254 

Vote for State Officials General Election, 1958 255 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primaries, 1958 259 

Vote for Congressmen in Republican Primary, 1958 261 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1944-1958 262 

Vote for United States Senators in Primaries, 1944-1956 2*74 

Vote for United States Senators in 

General Elections., 1944-1956 275 

Vote for United States Senators, General Election, 1958 276 

Vote on Constitutional Amendment by Counties, 1958 278 

Vote on Prohibition. 1881, 1908, 1933 281 



Contents VII 

PART V 

GOVERIS MENTAL. AGENCIES, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

Page 

Agencies, Boards and Commissions 285 

North Carolina Institutions 
Correctional 

White 312 

Negro 312 

Educational 

White ;— 313 

Negro ^^-- 321 

Hospitals 

White 325 

Negro 328 

Confederate Woman's Home 328 

Examining Boards 329 

State Owned Railroads 337 

PART VI 

LEGISLATIVE 

The General Assembly 
Senate 

Officers 341 

Senators (Arranged Alphabetically) 341 

Senators (Arranged by Districts) 342 

Rules 343 

Standing Committees 358 

Seat Assignments 365 

House of Representatives 

Officers 366 

Members (Arranged Alphabetically) 366 

Members (Arranged by Counties) 368 

Enrolling and Indexing Departments 3 69 

Rules 370 

Standing Committees 386 

Seat Assignments 400 

PART vn 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Executive Officials |^^ 

Administrative Officials 414 

United States Senators 447 

Representatives in Congress 450 

Justices of the Supreme Court 460 

Members of the General Assembly 

Senators |^^ 

Representatives ^yy 

Occupational and Professional Classification 566 



\'II1 NoKiii Cai;oi.i\a Manx'AL • 

I'AUT Mil 

OFKK TAT> KKGlSTFll 

Page 
United States Government 

President and Vice-President 573 

Cabinet Members 573 

Nortli Carolina Senators and Re])resentatives in Congress 573 

United States Sui)reme Court Justices 573 

United States District Court 

Judges 573 

Clerks 573 

District Attorneys 573 

United States Circuit Court of Appeals 

Judge Fourth District 573 

Governors of the States and Territories 574 

State Government 

Legislative Department 57 5 

Executive Department 575 

Judicial Department 575 

Administrative Department 576 

State Institutions 577 

Heads of Agencies otlier than State 579 

Countv Government 580 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

State Capitol 18 

State Flag 26 

State Seal 31 

State Bird - 32 

State Song (Words and Music) 39 

Map of North Carolina 78 

The American Flag 79 

Map Showing Congressional Districts 134, 135 

Map Showing Senatorial Districts 198, 199 

Seating Diagram of Senate Chamber 364 

Seating Diagram of House of Representatives 401 

Pictures 

Governor 404 

State Officers 409 

Senators and Congressmen 448, 454 

Justices of tlie Supreme Court 459 

State Senators 465, 475, 487 

Members of the House of Representatives 

500, 507, 518, 528, 538, 546, 558 



PART I 
HISTORICAL 



THE STATE 

North Carolina, often called the "Tar Heel" state, was the scene 
of the first attempt to colonize America by English-speaking peo- 
ple. Under a charter granted to Sir Walter Raleigh by Queen 
Elizabeth, a colony was begun in the 1580's on Roanoke Island. 
This settlement, however, was unsuccessful and later became known 
as "The Lost Colony." 

The first permanent settlement was made about 1650 by immi- 
grants from Virginia. In 1663 Charles II granted to eight Lords 
Proprietors a charter for the territory lying "within six and 
thirty degrees of the northern latitude, and to the west as far as 
the south seas, and so southerly as far as the river St. Mattias, 
which bordereth upon the coast of Florida, and within one and 
thirty degrees of northern latitude, and so west in a direct line as 
far as the south seas aforesaid; ..." and the colony was called 
Carolina. In 1665 another charter was granted to these noble- 
men. This charter extended the limits of Carolina so that the 
northern line was 36 degrees and 30 minutes north latitude, and 
the southern line was 29 degrees north latitude, and both of these 
lines extended westward to the South Seas. 

In 1669 John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions as a 
model for the government of Carolina. The Lords Proprietors 
adopted these constitutions and directed the governor to put Into 
operation as much of them as was feasible. In 1670 there were 
four precincts (changed to counties in 1739); Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans, Chowan, and Currituck. North Carolina now has one 
hundred counties. 

Carolina on December 7, 1710, was divided into North Carolina 
and South Carolina, and Edward Hyde, on May 12, 1712, became 
the first governor of North Carolina. 

In 1729 seven of the eight Lords Prorietors sold their interest 
in Carolina to the Crown and North Carolina became a royal 
colony. George Burrington was the first royal governor. Richard 
Everard, the last proprietory governor, served until Burrington 
was appointed. 

North Carolina, on April 12, 1776, authorized her delegates in 
the Continental Congress to vote for independence, and on Decem- 
ber 18, 1776, adopted a constitution. Richard Caswell became the 
first governor under this constitution. On November 21. 1789, the 



4 NouTH Caiioi.i.xa Maxial 

state adopted tlie I'uited States Constitution, being the twelfth 
state to enter the Federal Union. North Carolina, in 178S, had 
rejected the Constitution on the grounds that certain amendments 
were vital and necessary to a free people. 

A C()n.stitutional convention was held in iSo.'j and among several 
changes made in the Constitution was the method of electing the 
governor. After this change the governor was elected by the peo- 
ple for a term of two years instead of being elected by the Legis- 
lature for a term of one year. Edward Bishop Dudley was the first 
governor elected by the people. 

North Carolina seceded from the Union May 20, 1861, and was 
readmitted to the Union in July, 1868. 

A new State Constitution was adopted in 1868 and since that 
date the governor has been elected by the people for four-year 
terms and he cannot succeed himself. There has not been a new 
constitution since 1868, but numerous amendments have been added 
to It. 

North Carolina has had a democratic administration since 1900, 
during which period it has made its greatest progress. 

North Carolina has had two permanent capitals — New Bern and 
Raleigh — and there have been three capitol buildings. Tryon's 
Palace in New Bern was constructed in the period, 1767-1770, and 
the main building was destroyed by fire February 27, 1798. The 
first capitol in Raleigh was completed in 1794 and was destroyed 
by fire on June 21, 1831. The present capitol was completed in 1840. 

The state in 1790 ceded her western lands, which was composed 
of Washington, Davidson. Hawkins, Greene, Sullivan, Sumner, and 
Tennessee counties, to the Federal government, and between 1790 
and 1796 the territory was known as Tennesee Territory, but in 
1796 it became the fifteenth state in the Union. 

In 1738, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed an act 
authorizing the establishment of district courts which served as 
appelant courts. These courts were authorized to be held in Bath. 
New Bern, and New Town— now Wilmington. In 1746, the General 
Assembly repealed the act of 1738 and established district courts 
to be held at Edenton, Wilmington, and Edgecombe. From 1754 
until 1790, other districts were formed as the state expanded in 
territory and developed needs for these districts. By 1790, there 
were eight judicial districts divided into two ridings of four dis- 
tricts each. In 1806, the General Assembly passed an act estab- 
lishing a superior court in each county. The act also set up judi- 



The State 5 

cial districts composed of certain contiguous counties, and this 
practice of expanding the districts has continued from five districts 
in 1806 until now there are thirty districts. 

When North Cai'olina adopted tlie Federal Constitution on 
November 21, 1789, she was authorized to send two senators and 
five representatives to the Congress of the United States accord- 
ing to the constitutional apportionment. In 1792, when the first 
federal census had been completed and tabulated, it was found that 
North Carolina was entitled to ten representatives. It was then 
that the General Assembly divided the state into ten congressional 
districts. In 1812, the state had grown and increased in population 
until it was entitled to thirteen representatives in Congress. Be- 
tween 1812 and 1865, however, the population decreased so much 
in proportion to the population of the other states of the Union that 
North Carolina was by that time entitled only to seven representa- 
tives. Since 1865 the population of the state has shown a slow but 
steady increase, and now there are twelve congressional districts. 
The state, therefore, has two senators and twelve representatives 
in the Congress of the United States. 

Agricultuke 

North Carolina is one of the more important agricultural states 
of our Nation. Among the Southern States it ranks second only 
to Texas in cash receipts from farm marketings. Nationally it leads 
all states in farm population and ranks as the second state in 
number of farms. In only nine states of the Nation was cash farm 
income above that for North Carolina during 1956. In 1957 there 
were eleven states in which incomes exceeded that for North 
Carolina. 

Flue-cured tobacco is, by far, the most important single com- 
modity produced on farms in the State, this crop usually accounting 
for more than half the total cash farm income. More than two- 
thirds of the Nation's flue-cured tobacco is produced in North 
Carolina. 

Most of the important cash crops grown in the State are so-called 
basic commodities which have been subject to federal acreage con- 
trol. Continually shrinking acreage allotments over a period of 
several years have caused a rather sharp downward trend in the 
total area to be devoted to production of crops, so that more than 
one million acres have been taken out of crop production during 



6 XnUlll C'Alttll.l.NA Mam'al 

the past decade. Fortunatelj', a substantial proportion of the loss 
in income due to smaller acreages has been compensated for by 
increased yields per acre. These improved yields are the reflection 
of continually increasing "know-how" in cultural practices. Also, 
climatic conditions during two of the past three years have been 
unusually favorable for crop production. 

While crop acreages have been trending downward, there has 
been an upward trend in production of livestock and livestock 
products. During each of the past several years, income from sales 
of livestock and products has established a new record. 

Following four successive years in which farmers of North Caro- 
lina were plagued by the effects of both drouthy conditions and hurri- 
cane damage, generally favorable climatic conditions prevailed during 
1956. New record high yields per acre were established for many 
crops that year, and, for the first time in the history of the State, 
gross cash receipts from farm marketings exceeded $1 billion. The 
total of $1,003 million for that year compared with the previous 
record of $.97.5 million in 1951. When government payments and 
allowances for items consumed in farm households and rental value 
of farm dwellings are included, the gross farm income for 1956 
amounted to $1.2 billion — also the highest of record. 

Faced with mounting surpluses of flue-cured tobacco, the federal 
government reduced allotments for that crop in 1957 to a level more 
than one-fifth below 1956. Also, severe drouth which prevailed over 
many of the important agricultural counties of the State caused 
per-acre yields of most crops to fall below 1956 averages. Conse- 
quently, income from the sale of crops in 1957 fell $151 million be- 
low 1956. This loss in revenue was partially offset by a 24-million- 
dollar increase in income from livestock and livestock products and 
by larger government payments. Nevertheless, the total gross 
income of $1,090 million in 1957 was almost 10 percent short of the 
$1,208 million for 1956. 

The 1958 acreage allotments for basic crops were not increased 
above 1957 levels, and many farmers took advantage of the terms of 
the Soil Bank to retire additional acreages from production. Thus, 
the 5,126.000 acres of principal crops harvested in 1958 fell 174,000 
acres below 1957. Climatic conditions during 1958, however, were 
the most favorable in many years, and the per-acre yields of vir- 
tually all the spring sown crops established new records. Although 
complete income statistics for 1958 are not yet available, it appears 
that total gross farm income for that year closely appro.ximated the 



The State 7 

$1.2 billion record high level of 1956. Due primarily to smaller acre- 
age of tobacco, income from sales of crops was probably below 1956, 
but government payments were larger as was income from sale of 
livestock and livestock products. 

Although gross farm income continues at a comparatively high 
level, it should be stated that farm production expenses are increas- 
ing quite sharply. The net farm income, therefore, has trended 
downward from a peak of $707 million in 1951 to $616 million in 
1956 and $500 million in 1957. Also, costs of items for family living 
are increasing at the annual rate of from 2 to 3 percent. In terms 
of purchasing power, therefore, income to North Carolina farmers 
during 1958 may be the smallest during the past decade except for 
1957. 

Individual Crop Highlights For 1958 

The average yield per acre of 1,717 pounds of flue-cured tobacco in 
1958 exceeds the previous record by 56 pounds. It is 248 pounds 
above the average for 1957. The 428,000 acres harvested, on the 
other hand, was the smallest acreage since 1921, and production of 
735 million pounds was smaller than any year since 1949 except 
for 1957. 

For a period of several years there has been a gradual and contin- 
uously downward trend in the acreage devoted to production of 
corn. In 1958 there were 1,868,000 acres of corn harvested in North 
Carolina. Although just slightly above the previous year, this acre- 
age was below any other year back through 1871. Production of 
82.2 million bushels of corn, on the other hand, was the largest ever 
recorded for the State. Such an achievement resulted from a record 
high 44-bushel yield per acre — three bushels above the previous 
record of 41 bushels per acre harvested in 1956 and more than 13 
bushels above the 10-year (1947-56) average yield of 30.8 bushels. 

Under restrictions imposed by acreage control programs, acreage 
devoted to cotton production has been rapidly diminished. Also, in 
both 1957 and 1958 cotton growers placed substantial proportions of 
allotted acreages in the Soil Bank. The total of only 263,000 acres 
of cotton harvested in 1958 was the smallest of record and was only 
30 percent as large as the recent peak of 880,000 acres harvested 
in 1949. Production of 255,000 bales of cotton was much smaller 
than in most other years of record, but the yield of 465 pounds lint 
per acre is the highest ever recorded. 



8 Noiii II Cakoi.i.na Ma.niai. 

Till' avoraRo yield of 1.950 pounds of peanuts per acre realized 
in l'J5S was 175 pounds above the previous record established in 1956. 
Total production of peanuts from 180,000 acres harvested in 1958 
is calculated at 351 million pounds, just slightly belov^^ the 351.4 
million ]iounds harvested from 198,000 acres in 1956. 

The soybean crop is one of the few important cash crops which 
has not been restricted by acreage allotments. Both the 444,000 
acres harvested for beans in 1958 and the per-acre yield of 23 
bushels were the highest on record. Production of 10.2 million 
bushels of beans exceeded by 14 percent the previous record of 8.9 
million bushels harvested in 1956. 

Production of sorghum grains also continues to expand, and both 
the acreage and per-acre yields were at record highs during 1958. 
Production of 3,445.000 bushels of sorghum grain exceeded the pre- 
vious record of 2.S million bushels by approximately 23 percent. 

Potatoes yielded 10,500 pounds per acre, exceeding the previous 
record by 1,200 pounds. Sweet potatoes yielded 7,500 pounds com- 
pared with the earlier record of 7,000 pounds. 

Climatic conditions were unfavorable for production of small 
grains both in 1957 and in 1958. Yields of wheat, oats, rye, and 
barley all fell below record levels during these years. Except for 
oats, however, the 1958 yields of small grain were well above the 
10-year average. 

Livestock Pkoductiox Also at Record Levels 

Production of 134 million commercial broilers In North Carolina 
during 1958 is 28 million above the previous record of 106 million 
produced in 1957 and places this State second only to Georgia in 
broiler production. No other single agricultural enterprise has 
grown as rapidly as broiler production. The 134 million produced 
in 1958 was more than seven times the 18.3 million produced just 
ten years earlier in 1948. 

Production of 1,828 million eggs was also the highest of record, 
exceeding by 2 percent the previous record of 1,795 million produced 
a year earlier and marking the continuation of a pronounced up- 
ward trend in egg production. 

The preliminary estimate of 1,796 million pounds of milk pro- 
duced in 1958 is also the highest of record, being just slightly in 
excess of the 1,790 million pounds produced in 1957. As is the case 
with egg production, milk production has steadily increased year 
after year. 



The State 9 

Production of beef has increased quite rapidly as reflected by 
increased inventories of beef cows. The total of 223,000 beef cows 
on North Carolina farms January 1, 1959, exceeded the January 
1958 inventory by approximately 8 percent and was more than four 
times as large as ten years earlier. Production of pork also estab- 
lished a new record, the 2,248,000 pigs saved during 1958 being 5 
percent above the previous record of 2,136,000 saved in 1957. 

Conservation and Development 

Steady progress is being made in the conservation, development, 
and promotion of the wiser use of North Carolina's vast store of 
natural resources. Dividends are being made by the more profitable 
use of these resources, especially in the renewable forestry resources. 
However, the greatest potential of these resources remain to be 
reached. 

Area and local development groups working closely with the 
Department of Conservation and Development and other State agen- 
cies are making great contributions in the efforts to bring a better 
balance in the North Carolina economy and a higher per capita 
income for the people of the State. 

More industrial payrolls are sought in the industrial development 
program being constantly pushed on a statewide front. 

Long noted for its leadership in the production of textile, tobacco, 
and furniture products. North Carolina is becoming widely known 
f(n- the many diversified goods its more than 7,000 manufacturing 
plants produce with their approximate 480,000 employees for the 
markets of the nation and world. 

Indicative of the progress being made in providing more industrial 
payrolls in North Carolina are figures announced by Governor 
Hodges on December 31, 1958, shownig that record-breaking invest- 
ments totaling $253,074,000 were earmarked during 1958 for 423 
new and expanded manufacturing plants in the State. These new 
and expanded plants provided 21,757 new jobs and a total annual 
payroll of $72,633,000. 

Percentage-wise, this was a 32.48 percent increase in investments 
over 1957, a 34.06 percent increase in jobs made available, and a 
35.23 percent increase in payrolls. 

Value of the output of the State's manufacturing plants for 1958 
will not be available until later in 1959, but records of the Depart- 



10 X(Pi;iii ("ai;(ii.i.\a Mamai. 

meiit of Conservation and Development show that in 1957 the value 
of the industrial manufacturing output iu North Carolina exceeded 
the $7,000,000,000 mark for the first itme. 

In 1957 the approximate 480,000 industrial workers employed in 
North Carolina manufacturing plants produced goods having a total 
value of $7,473,000,000 as compared with the previous high of 
$6,737,000,000 in 1956. 

While textiles, tobacco, food, furniture lead in sales volume among 
goods produced in the State's manufacturing establishments, there 
is a growing increase in the modern science industries now operat- 
ing in North Carolina. Tlie emphasis being placed upon research 
in electronic, metallurgical, food processing, and chemical industries 
is receiving national attention. 

It is of record that North Carolina produces more tobacco products 
than all other states combined, over 44 percent of all full-fashioned 
hosiery, and 50 percent of all the seamless hosiery. 

Workers employed by North Carolina industrial establishments 
continue to receive praise for their adaptability, productivity, and 
willingness to give a day's work for a day's pay. The unusually 
good relations between management and workers have drawn praise 
on numerous occasions from out-of-State industrialists locating plants 
in North Carolina. 

To illustrate how North Carolina has progressed industrially, 
the following table of the value of output by the different classifi- 
cations of industries is shown below: 

1957 1956 1955 1939 

Textile-^ $2,680,000,000 $2,592,000,000 $2,675,000,000 $ 549,700,000 

Tobacco 1,843,000,000 1,709,000,000 1,623,000,000 538,400,000 

Food 552,000,000 503,000,000 439,000,000 69,200,000 

Furniture 376,000,000 363,000,000 326,000,000 58,800,000 

Paper Pulp 350,000,000 203,000,000 175,000,000 26,000,000 

Chemicals 302,000,000 275,000,000 191,000,000 50,700,000 

Elec. Machinery .. 283,000,000 218,000,000 192,000,000 — 0— 

Lumber 263,000,000 250,000,000 262,000,000 45,800,000 

Apparel 252,000,000 171,000,000 176,000,000 19,000,000 

Rubber 27,000,000 25,000,000 53,000,000 1,000,000 

Others 545,000,000 428,000,000 370,000,000 62,700,000 



Total $7,473,000,000 $6,737,000,000 $6,482,000,000 $1,421,300,000 

Employees 480,000 481,000 47(1, 000 270,210 



The State 11 

There are numerous other examples of North Carolina's growing 
industrial diversification seen in the current manufacture of boilers 
and other metal products, cigarette paper, cellophane, electric 
equipment, automatic typewriters, aluminum windows and jalousies, 
electric blankets, smoking pipes, wooden screws, firearms, pottery, 
particle and flakeboards, fish nets, silverware, and a wide variety 
of lesser known items. 

The State's 1,200 textile manufacturing plants, which employed 
225,000 workers in 1957, produced goods valued at $2,680,000,000. 
Its approximate 100 tobacco plants employed 46,000 and produced 
products having a value of $1,843,000,000. The 200 apparel manu- 
facturing plants employed 26,000 and turned out goods valued at 
$252,000,000. 

Growth of the food industry as a result of the efforts being made 
to make more profitable use of seafoods, vegetables and fruits grown 
in North Carolina is seen in the output value of products produced 
by the 24.000 workers employed in 900 plants in 1957. The output 
value of food products processed in 1957 was $552,000,000 compared 
with $503,000,000 in 1956, $439,000,000 in 1955, and $237,000,000 in 
1947. 

The State's approximate 400 furniture plants employed 39,000 in 
1957 and produced products valued at $376,000,000 as compared with 
$202,000,000 in 1947, and $62,000,000 in 1939. 

Approximately 64 percent of North Carolina's 49,097 square miles 
of land area is in woodlands. Products manufactured from the 
State's forests in 1957 had an output value of $989,000,000. 

North Carolina is becoming more and more attractive to tourists. 
Its large number of scenic attractions, well publicized through a 
systematic and effective advertising program, annually bring hun- 
dreds of thousands of tourists to the State. The tourist industry is 
currently valued at $350,000,000 annually. In addition, the State 
has 11 public parks and numerous historical sites which attract 
many visitors. 

The State's commercial fishing industry, wliich provides a liveli- 
hood in whole or in part for about 25,000 people, is being developed 
in a systematic manner. Through its Department of Conservation 
and Development, the State has spent a total of $333,190.68 during 
the 1948-58 period for seed oysters and oyster shells planted in public 



12 XoKTii Cahdi i.\.\ Mamai, 

oyster butloiiis. The value oT the coiiuiierfial catch in 1957 was 
$8,144,825. 

Development of the State's mineral resources is progressing. The 
State contains almost 9,3 percent of the nation's total known reserves 
of lithium. Tlie most important mineral deposits are sand, stone, 
and gravel, mica, feldspar, and clays. It leads the nation in pro- 
duction of mica and feldspar and is fifth in kaolin. Completed and 
made available in 19.58 was the State's first geologic map published 
since 1875. 

With increased emphasis being placed upon water conservation 
and use, systematic studies are carried on of surface and under- 
ground water supplies. Constant chemical analyses are made to 
inform and assist industrialists in proper location of plant sites 
and to assiire healthy supplies for domestic use. 

Health 

The services of public health now are available to those living in 
every one of North Carolina's 100 counties. This goal w^as not 
easily accomplished, but the progress of extending all the services of 
public health to all our people has been steady, even if slow at 
times. 

During the past few years, public health in North Carolina lias 
been made more democratic; that is, its administration has been 
developed in the hands of local officials. Of course, the general pat- 
tern is the same throughout the State, but local health departments 
now administer their affairs to meet their peculiar needs, with 
assistance and consultation by the state department in Raleigh. 

The year 1949 was destined to become a turning point in the 
public health program in North Carolina. The Legislature of that 
year did more for Public Health than any of its predecessors. There 
was a spirit of close cooperation between public health officials, the 
Governor and members of the General Assembly. As an outcome 
of this, approximately $800,000 in new money was voted for each 
fiscal year of the new biennium for local health work, which had 
only been receiving $350,000 a year and half of that was for special- 
ized work in venereal disease control in 17 counties. This meant 
an inci-ease to $1,150,000 in State funds. 

Effective February 1, 1950, the State Health Department became 
streamlined, the number of divisions being reduced from 14 to 6, 



The State 13 

exclusive of central administration. While it is necessary for a 
central public health department to be maintained with offices in 
Raleigh, at the same time it is realized that, to be thoroughly 
effective, the services of public health must be available, through 
local administrations, to the inhabitants of every home in North 
Carolina. In other words, public health is as close to every citizen 
of this State as his or her nearest local health director. 

While there were various laws and statutes relating to public 
health measures passed prior to that time, the State Board of 
Health was created by the General Assembly of 1877, and has been 
functioning, with changes from time to time, ever since. The Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1957 recodified all public health and related laws 
of North Carolina. This was done for purposes of coordination and 
clarification. Guilford has the distinction of being the first county 
in the United States to inaugurate full-time county health work. 
That was in 1911. The following year, Robeson became the first 
purely rural county in the United States to take this step. 

State Highway Systems 

On January 1, 1958, the State had under its direct jurisdiction 
70,477 miles of highways, roads and streets, a distance equivalent 
to two and one half times around the world at the equator. This 
vast mileage is almost 11 per cent of the gross length of all mileage 
under State control in the entire Nation. The three basic systems 
in this North Carolina network are as follows: 

The Primary State Highway System in rural areas is made up 
of the U. S. and N. C. numbered routes, and has a length of 11,160 
miles, substantially all hard surfaced. The largest of the three 
systems is the Rural Secondary System of 56,615 miles, of which 
23,466 miles are paved — the remainder being surfaced with stone, 
soil or other all weather material. There is more rural paving in 
North Carolina than in any other state except Texas, California, 
Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York. Some 96% of the State's rural 
people live on, or within one mile of a paved highway or road. 

In addition to these two rural systems, the State has jurisdiction 
over 2,702 miles of streets which form a part of the State Highway 
and Road Systems in Municipalities. Of this Municipal System, 
2,419 miles are paved. 



14 NiiKiii (' AKor.iXA Mam AL 

Combining- the tliree systems, the State operates a network of 
36,951 miles of paved and 33.526 miles of unpaved highways, roads 
and streets. The State has direct jurisdiction over more mileage 
than has any other road governing body in the nation. In terms of 
size and i)(;pu!a(i:.n, no otht i' state exceeds Xorth Carolina in the 
extent of road services provided for its people. There are no toll 
roads, bridges or ferries in North Carolina. 

Major emphasis is now being placed on modernizing many obso- 
lete sections of the Primary System, and building the Interstate 
Expressway System. Some 200 miles of the latter have already 
been built and opened to traffic. 

Since 1921, the entire Road and Highway Program of the State 
has been financed exclusively from the gasoline tax, motor vehicle 
license fees and Federal Aid, without recourse to property taxation 
or aid from the General State Fund. During the past fiscal year 
ending .Tune 30, 1958, the State Highway Fund expended $170,677,163 
for highway, road, and street construction, maintenance, betterment 
and improvements, including the operation of the Motor Vehicle 
Department, Highway Patrol, Highway Safety Division, several 
other state agencies, and the retirement of Secondary Road Bonds. 



RuitAL Electric and Telephone Service 

Rural areas of North Carolina received little benefits from rural 
electrification prior to 1935, which is often spoken of as the starting 
point. At that time, only 1,884 miles of rural lines serving 11,558 
farms were recorded by the North Carolina Rural Electrification 
Authority, which was created in that year to secure electric service 
for the rural areas. Today the Authority reports in operation 82,834 
miles of rural lines serving 596,944 consumers. In addition to this, 
there were 643 miles under construction or authorized for construc- 
tion to serve 5,176 consumers. Electrification has contributed con- 
siderably to the great progress in agricultural development over the 
past few years. The electrified farm provides for comfort and health 
in farm living through lighting, refrigeration, communication, 
ranges, washing machines, freezers, plumbing and all other many 
useful household electric appliances. 

Electric service is essential to modern farm production. Elec- 
tricity is used by farmers in many ways — yard and building lighting: 



The State 15 

running ^vater; poultry incubators, brooders, and feeders; livestock 
feeding; milking; grain and hay driers, irrigation; and many other 
electric-motor driven pieces of farm producing equipment. Elec- 
tricity affords fire protection and the operation of many labor- 
saving devices for the rural home and farm activities. Electric 
service is practically essential in types of farm production; for 
example, the production of Grade A Milk. 

The 1945 United States Census indicated that only 14,539 North 
Carolina farms had telephone service. The desire and need in the 
rural areas for communication, so essential to the vrellbeing of the 
people was so widespread that the 1945 General Assembly enacted 
the Rural Telephone Act, charging the North Carolina Rural Elec- 
trification Authority with the responsibility of assisting rural resi- 
dences in securing telephone service. Funds and personnel were 
first assigned to the program in 1949, wliicli might well be termed 
the active beginninlg. Through the activities of the State Authority 
and other State Agencies and as a result of cooperation on the part 
of the telephone industry and the organizaiton of a number of 
member owned Telephone Membership Corporations over four times 
as many farms now have telephone service as in 1945. In addition, 
approximately 150,000 rural nonfarm residences also have service. 

Public Schools 

North Carolina provides a basic, state-supported nine months pub- 
lic school term. Sixty-nine of the 174 units supplement this locally. 
Public school enrollment in 1957-58 was 1,060,187. There were 35,154 
teachers and 2,004 principals and supervisors and 174 superintend- 
ents. More than two-thirds of all general fund taxes collected by 
the State are used for education. The State operates a bus fleet of 
7,951 vehicles, transportiirg 504,502 children to the public schools. 
Attendance is compulsory for children between ages 7 and 16. There 
are 3,132 public school buildings, and the total value of public school 
property is $620,413,565. 

Colleges and Universities 

The University of North Carolina, chartered in 1789, was the 
fii-st State university to open its doors. The Greater University of 
North Carolina is comprised of the University at Chapel Hill. State 
College at Raleigh, and Woman's College at Greensboro. In all 



16 Tin: Si ait: 

there are (14 insi it utioiis of higher learning in the State. Twelve 
are state-supported. Forty-seven are private or church-related. 
Five are puhlic institutions with some state supi)ort. There are 34 
senior. 24 .junior, 1 theological seminary, and 5 unclassified institu- 
tions. Duke University in Durham is one of the most heavily en- 
dowed institutions of higher learning in the world. Total university 
and college enrollment in 1!).tS-59 was .")8,()76. 



THE STATE CAPITOL 

The original State Capitol of North Carolina was destroyed bj- 
fire on June 21, 1831. 

At the session of November, 1832, the Assembly resolved to 
rebuild on the old site, and $50,000 was appropriated for the pur- 
pose. Commissioners were appointed to have the work done. The 
rubbish was cleared away, the excavations made and the founda- 
tions were laid. On July 4, 1833, the cornerstone was set in place. 

After the foundations were laid the work progressed more 
slowly, and it was so expensive that the appropriation was ex- 
hausted. The Legislature at its next session appropriated $75,000 
more. To do the stone and finer work many skilled artisans had 
been brought from Scotland and other countries. The Building 
Commissioners contracted with David Paton to come to Raleigh 
and superintend the work. Mr. Paton was an architect, who had 
come from Scotland the year before. He was the builder, the archi- 
tect, and designer. 

The Legislature was compelled to make appropriations for the 
work from time to time. The following is a table of the several 
appropriations made : 

Session of 1832-33 $ 50,000.00 

Session of 1833-34 ., _ 75,000.00 

Session of 1934-35._-_ 75,000.00 

Session of 1835 75,000.00 

Session of 1836-37 ^- 120,000.00 

Session of 1838-39 105,300.00 

Session of 1840-41 ' 31,374.46 

Total $531,674.46 

The stone with which the building was erected was the property 
of the State. Had the State been compelled to purchase this ma- 
terial the cost of the Capitol would have been considerably in- 
creasde. 

In the summer of 1840 the work was finished. At last, after 
more than seven years, the sum of $531,674.46 was expended. As 
large as that sum was for the time, when the State was so poor 
and when the entire taxes for all State purposes reached less than 

17 



The Capitol 19 

$100,000, yet the people were satisfied. The building had been 
erected with rigorous economy, and it was an object of great pride 
to the people. Indeed, never was money better expended than in 
the erection of this noble Capitol. 

Description of the Capitol, Written by David Paton, 

the Architect 

"The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south 
by 140 feet from east to west. The whole height is 9TY2 feet in the 
center. The apex of pediment is 64 feet in height. The stylobate 
is 18 feet in height. The columns of the east and west porticoes 
are 5 feet 2^^ inches in diameter. An entablature, including block- 
ing course, is continued around the building, 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied 
from the Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, 
which was erected in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An 
octagon tower surrounds the rotunda, which is ornamented with 
Grecian cornices, etc., and its dome is decorated at top with a 
similar ornament to that of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates, 
commonly called the Lanthorn of Demosthenes. 

"The interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories: First, 
the lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appro- 
priated as offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Comp- 
troller, each having two rooms of the same size — the one contain- 
ing an area of 649 square feet, the other 528 square feet — the two 
committee rooms, each containing 200 square feet and four clos- 
ets; also the rotunda, corridors, vestibules, • and piazzas, contain 
an area of 4,370 square feet. The vestibules are decorated with 
columns and antse, similar to those of the Ionic Temple on the 
Ilissus, near the Acropolis of Athens. The remainder is groined 
with stone and brick, springing from columns and pilasters of 
the Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' 
chambers, the former containing an area of 2,545 and the latter 
2,849 square feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, 
two of which contain each an area of 169 square feet, and the 
other two contain each an area of 154 square feet; also, two rooms 
enter from Representatives' chamber, each containing an area of 
170 square feet; of two committee rooms, each containing an area 



20 NoKiii Cai;()I.i.\a Mamal 

of 281 squai-f feet: of four presses and the passages, stairs, 
lobbies, and colonnades, containing an area of 3,204 square feet. 

"Tbe lobbies and TIall of Representatives have their columns 
and aula' of tlie Octogan Tower of Andronicus Cyrrhestes and 
the plan of the hall is of the formation of the Greek theatre and 
the columns and antae in the Senatorial chamber and rotunda are 
of the Temple of Erectheus, Minerva, Polias, and Pandrosus, in 
the Acropolis of Athens, near the above named Parthenon. 

"Third, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the 
Supreme Court and Library, each containing an area of 693 square 
feet. Galleries of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet; 
also two apartments entering from Senate gallery, each 169 square 
feet, of four presses and the lobbies' stairs. 988 square feet. Tliese 
lobbies as well as rotunda, are lit with cupolas, and it is proposed 
to finish the court and library in the florid Gothic style." 



CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Governors of "Virginia" 

Ralph Lane, April __ , 158o-June ___ , 1586. 
.John White. April .__ , 1587-August __ , 1587. 

Chief Executives Under the Proprietors 

William Drummond. October , 1663-October _ , 1667. 
Samuel Stephens, October _ _ , 1667-December ...., 1669. 
Peter Carteret, October . .., 1670-May , 1673. 
John Jenkins, May , 1673-November _. ., 1676. 

Thomas Eastchurch. November , 1676- , 1678. 

Thomas Miller, , 1677- 

John Culpepper, , 1677- , 1678. 

Seth Sothel. 1678- 

John Harvey, February , 1679-August _._., 1679. 

John Jenkins, November ...., 1679- , 1681. 

Seth Sothel, 1682- .., 1689. 

Philip Ludwell, December , 1689- , 1691. 

Philip Ludwell, November 2, 1691- , 1694. 

Thomas Jarvis, , 1691- , 1694. 



GOVEKXORS 21 

John Archdale, August 31, 1694- , 1(396. 

John Harvey, ...., 1694- __.., 1699. 

Henderson Walker, , 1699-August 14, 1704. 

Robert Daniel, , 1704- , 1705. 

Thomas Gary, , 1705-_ ...__ ...._., 1706. 

William Glover, , 1706- , 1708. 

Thomas Gary, , 1708-January ...., 1711. 

Edward Hyde, , 1710-May 9, 1712. 

Edward Hyde, May 9, 1712-September 8, 1712. 
Thomas Pollock, September 12, 1712-May 28, 1714. 
Gharles Eden, May 28, 1714-March 26, 1722. 
Thomas Pollock, March 30, 1722-August 30, 1722. 
William Reed, August 30, 1722-January 15, 1724. 
George Burrington, January 15, 1724-July 17. 1725. 
Richard Everard, July 17, 1725-May ___ , 1728. 

Governors Under the Crown 

Richard Everard, May ..., 1728-February 25, 1731. 
George Burrington, February 25, 1731-April 15, 1734. 
Nathaniel Rice, April 15, 1734-October 27, 1734. 
Gabriel Johnston, October 27, 1734-July 17, 1752. 
Matthew Rowan, July 17, 1752-November 2, 1754. 
Arthur Dobbs, November 2, 1754-March 28, 1765. 
William Tryon, March 28, 1765-December 20. 1765. 
William Tryon. December 20, 1765-July 1, 1771. 
James Hasell, July 1, 1771-August 12, 1771. 
Josiah Martin, August 12, 1771-May ...., 1775. 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 

Name, County, Terms of Office 

Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 19, 1776-April 18, 1777. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1777-April 18, 1778. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1778-May 4, 1779. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, May 4, 1779-April, 1780. 
Abner Nash, Craven, April, 1780-June 26, 1781. 
Thomas Burke, Orange, June 26, 1781-April 26, 1782. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 26. 1782-April 30, 1783. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 30, 1783-April 1, 1785. 



22 Noinii C'AKiu.iXA Maxual 

Kicluiid Caswell, Dobbs. April 1. 1785-December 12, 1785. 
Jiiiliard Caswell. Dobbs, December 12, 1785-December 23, 1786. 
Richard CasAvell, Dobbs, December 23, 1786-December 20, 1787. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, December 20, 1787-November 18, 1788. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 18, 1788-November 16, 1789. 
Samuel Johnston. Chowan, November 16, 1789-December 17, 1789. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 17, 1789-December 9, 1790. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, December 9, 1790-January 2, 1792. 
Alexander Martin. Guilford. January 2, 1792-December 14, 1792. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 14, 1792-December 26, 1793. 
R. D. Spaight. Craven, December 26, 1793-January 6. 1795. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, January 6, 1795-November 19, 1795. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, November 19, 1795-December 19, 1796. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 19, 1796-December 5, 1797. 
Samuel Ashe. New Hanover, December 5, 1797-December 7, 1798. 
W. R. Davie. Halifax, December 7, 1798-November 23, 1799. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 23, 1799-November 29, 1800. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 29, 1800-November 28, 1801. 
Benjamin Williams , Moore, November 28, 1801-December 6, 1802. 
James Turner, Warren, December 6, 1802-December 1, 1803. 
James Turner, Warren, December 1, 1803-November 29, 1804. 
James Turner, Warren, November 29. 1804-December 10, 1805. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 10, 1805-December 1, 

1806. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 1, 1806-December 1, 

1807. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, December 1, 1807-December 12, 1808. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 12, 1808-December 13, 1809. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 13, 1809-December 5, 1810. 
Benjamin Smith. Brunswick, December 5, 1810-December 9, 1811. 
William Hawkins, Warren, December 9, 1811-November 25, 1812. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 25, 1812-November 20, 1813. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 20, 1813-November 29, 1814. 
William Miller, Warren, November 29, 1814-December 7, 1815. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1815-December 7, 1816. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1816-December 3, 1817. 
John Branch, Halifax, December 3, 1817-November 24, 1818. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 24, ISlS-November 25, 1819. 
John Branch. Halifax, November 25, 1819-December 7, 1820. 
Jesse Franklin, Surry, December 7, 1820-December 7, 1821. 



GOVEENOES 2?> 

Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1821 — December 7, 1822. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1822-December 6, 1823. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 6, 1823-December 7, 1824. 
H. G. Burton. Halifax. December 7. 1824-December 6, 1825. 
H. G. Burton. Halifax, December 6, 1825-December 29, 1826. 
H. G. Burton. Halifax, December 29, 1826-December 8, 1827. 
James Iredell, Chowan, December 8, 1827-December 12. 1828. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 12. 1828-December 10, 1829. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 10. 1829-Decemb8r IS, 1830. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December IS. 1830-December 13. 1831. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 13, 1831-December 6, 1832. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 6, 1832-December 9, 1833. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 9, 1833-December 10, 1834. 

D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 10, 1834-December 10, 1835. 
R. D. Spaight. Jr., Craven. December 10. 1835-December 31. 183(i. 

Governors Elected by the People 

E. B. Dudley. New Hanover. December 31. 1836-December 29, 1838 
E. B. Dudley. New Hanover, December 29, 1838-January 1, 1841. 
J. M. Morehead. Guilford. January 1. 1841-December 31, 1842. 

J. M. Morehead, Guilford, December 31, 1842-January 1, 1845. 

W. A. Graham. Orange. January 1, 1845-January 1, 1847. 

W. A. Graham. Orange. January 1, 1847-January 1, 1849. 

Charles Manly. Wake, January 1, 1849-January 1, 1851. 

D. S. Reid. Rockingham, January 1, 18al-December 22, 1852. 

D. S. Reid, Rockingham, December 22, 1852-December 6, 1854. 

Warren Winslow, Cumberland, December 6, 1854-January 1, 1855. 

Thomas Bragg. Northampton. January 1, 1855-January 1, 1857. 

Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1857-January 1, 1859. 

John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1859-January 1, 1861. 

John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1861-July 7, 1861. 

Henry T. Clark, Edgecombe, July 7, 1861-September 8, 1862. 

Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, September 8, 1862-December 22, 1864. 

Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, December 22, 1864-May 29, 1865. 

W. W. Holden, Wake, May 29, 1865-December 15, 1865. 

Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 15, 1865-December 22, 1866. 

Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 22, 1866-July 1, 1868. 

W. W. Holden, Wake, July 1, 1868-December 15, 1870. 

T. R. Caldwell. Burke, December 15, 1870-January 1, 1873. 



24 NdiMii C.\ii()i.i.\.\ Mamai. 

T. n. Ciihlwcll. I'.urkc, .January !. 1 STM-July 11. 1874. 

('. II. I'.iogdt'ii, Wayne. .July 11. l,S74-January 1. 1877. 

Z. r.. \'aiK'e, Meckleiibui'i;. .January 1, 1877-February 5. ]87!». 

T. .J. .larvis, Pitt. February f). 187n-.January IS. 1881. 

T. .J. .lai-vis. I'itt. .January 18. 1881-.January 21, 1885. 

A. M. Seales. llockinghani. .January 21, 188;j-January 17. 1889. 

D. G. P'owle. Wake, .January 17, 188fl-April 8, 1891. 

Thomas M. ITolt. Alamance. April 8, 1891- January IS, 1893. 

Elias Carr, Edgecombe, .January 18, 1893-January 12, 1897. 

D. L. Russell, Brunswick. .January 12, 1897-January 1.5, 1901. 

Chai-les B. Aycock, Wayne. .January 15, 1901-January 11, 1905. 

R. B. Glenn, Forsyth, .January 11, 1905-January 12, 1909. 

W. W. Ivitchin, Person, .January 12. 1909-January 15, 1913. 

Locke Craig. J?uncombe, January 15, 1913-January 11, 1917. 

Thomas W. Bickett, Franklin, January 11, 1917-January 12, 1921. 

Cameron Morrison, Mecklenburg, January 12, 1921-January 14, 1925. 

Angus Wilton McLean, Robeson, January 14, 1925-January 11, 1929. 

(). Max Gardner, Cleveland, January 11, 1929-January 5, 1933. 

J. C. B. P^hringhaus, Pasquotank, January 5, 1933-January 7, 1937. 

Clyde R. Hoey, Cleveland, January 7. 1937-January 9, 1941. 

J. Melville Broughton, Wake, January 9, 1941-January 4, 1945. 

R. Gregg Cherry, Gaston, January 4, 1945-January 6, 1949. 

W. Kerr Scott, Alamance, Januai'y (5, 1949-January 8, 1953. 

William B. Umstead. Durham. January 8. 1953-November 7, 1954. 

Luther H. Hodges. Rockingham. November 7, 1954-February 7. 1957. 

Luther H. Hodges. Rockingham, Februarv 7, 1957- 



LlEUTEXAAT G()VEI{.\()1!S 



25 



LIST OF PERSONS WHO HAVE SERVED AS 
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR SINCE JULY 1, 1868 

This List Has IJerii Coinpiicd From The North Carolina 

Manual of l*)l;? And The Manuals Fublislied Kvery 

Two Years Sinee Tliat Date. 



Name 



Tod R. Caklwein 

Curtis H. Broaden- 

Thomas ,T. Jarvis" 

James L. Kobinson 

Cliarles "SI. Steadman.. 

Thomas .AI. Holt* 

Rufiis A. ))ou},'hton 

Charles A. Reynolds... 

W. I). Turner 

Franfis I>. Winston 

William C. Newland ... 
Elijali L. Douglitridge 

0. ;Ma.\ Gardner 

W. B. Cooper... 

J. Elmer Long 

Kichai'd T. Fountain.. 

A. H. Graham 

W. r. Horton 

U. L. Harris 

L. Y. Ballentine 

H. P. Taylor 

Luther H. Hodges" 

Lutlier E. Earnhardt 



County 



Burke 

Wayne... 

Pitt 

Macon 

Xew Hanover 

Alamance 

Allej;hany 

Forsyth 

Iredell 

Beitie 

Caldwell 

Edgecombe 

Cleveland 

Xew Hanover 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Orange 

Chatham 

Person 

Wake 

Anson 

Rockingham... 
Cabarrus 



Term Elected 



1868- 
1872- 
1870- 
1881- 
1885- 
1889- 
1893 
1897- 
1901- 
190.",- 
1909- 
19i;l- 
1917- 
1921- 
1925- 
1929- 
1933- 
1937- 
1941- 
19 15- 
1949- 
1953- 
1957- 



1872 
187G 
1880 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1901 
1905 
1909 
1913 
1917 
1921 
1925 
1929 
1933 
1937 
1941 
1945 
1949 
1953 
1957 
19(!1 



Term Served 



1808- 
1872- 
1870 
18S1- 
1885- 
1889- 
1893 
1897- 
1901- 
1905- 
1909- 
1913- 
1917- 
l!t21- 
1925- 
1929- 
1933- 
1937- 
1941- 
1945- 
1949- 
1953- 
1957- 



1870 
1874 
1878 
1885 
1889 
1891 
■1897 
1901 
1905 
1909 
1913 
1917 
1921 
1925 
1929 
1933 
1937 
1941 
1945 
1949 
1953 
1954 



Became Governor Deeemlier 15, 1870 when W. W. llnldeii was impeached, tried, and 
put out of office. 

Became Governor July 11, 1874 wlien Tod R. Caldwell died in ofl'ice. 

Became Governor February 5, 1879 when Governor Vance was elected U. S. Senator. 

Became Governor April 9, 1891 when D. G. Fowle died in office. 

Became Covcrnfir November 7. 1954 \\hen William B. T'mstead died in ofl'ice. 



THE STATE FLAG 

An Act to Establish a State Flag* 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 
Section 1. That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a blue 
union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the letter 
N in gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of said 
star, the circle containing the same to be one-third the width of 
the union. 

Sec. 2. That the fly of the flag shall consist of two equally pro- 
portioned bars; the upper bar to be red, the lower bar to be white; 
that the length of the bars horizontally shall be equal to the per- 
pendicular length of the union, and the total length of the flag 
shall be one-third more than its width. 

Sec. 3. That above the star in the center of the union there 
shall be a gilt scroll in semicircular form, containing in black let- 
ters this inscription: "May 20th, 1775," and that below the star 
there shall be a similar scroll containing in black letters the in- 
scription: "April 12th, 1776." 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 9th 
day of March, A.D., 1885. 

No change has been made in the flag since the passage of this 
act. By an act of 1907 it is provided: 

"That the board of trustees or managers of the several State in- 
stitutions and public buildings shall provide a North Carolina flag, 
of such dimensions and materials as they may deem best, and the 
same shall be displayed from a staff upon the top of each and 
every such building at all times except during inclement weather, 
and upon the death of any State officer or any prominent citizen 
the Flag shall be put at half-mast until the burial of such person 
shall have taken place. 

"That the Board of County Commissioners of the several coun- 
ties in this State shall likewise authorize the procuring of a North 
Carolina flag, to be displayed either on a staff upon the top, or 
draped behind the Judge's stand, in each and every courthouse in 
the State, and that the State flag shall be displayed at each and 
every term of court held, and on such other public occasions as 
the Commissioners may deem proper." (Rev., s. 5321; 1885 c. 291; 
1907, c. 838.) 

27 



THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION OF 
20th May, 1775* 

Declaration 

Namks of the Dki.kcatks Present 

Col. Thomas Polk .John McKnitt Alexander 

Ephi-iaiii Brevard Hezekiah Alexander 

Hezckiah J. Balch Adam Alexander 

John Phifer Charles Alexander 

James Harris Zacheus Wilson, Sen. 

AVilliam Kennoii Wai.chtstill Avery 

John Ford Benjamin Patton 

Richard Barry Mathew McClure 

Henry Downs Neil Morrison 

Ezra Alexander Robert Irwin 

William Graham John Flenniken 

John Quary David Reese 

Abraham Alexander Richard Harris, Sen. 

Abraham Alexander was appointed Chairman, and John Mc- 
Knitt Alexander, Clerk. The following resolutions were offered, 
viz: 

1. h'csolrcd. That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted or in 
any way foi'iu or manner countenanced the unchartered and dan- 
gerous invasion of our rights as claimed by Gieat Britain is an 
enemy to this country, to America, and to the inherent and in- 
alienable rights of man. 

2. Resolved. That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do 
hereby dissolve the political bands which have connected us to the 
mother country and hereby absolve ourselves from all allegiance 
to the British Crown and abjure all political connection contract 
or association with that nation who have wantonly trampled on 
our rights and liberties and inhumanly shed the blood of American 
patriots at Lexington. 

3. Resolrerl. That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and in- 
dependent people, are, and of right ought to be a sovereign and 
self-governing association under the control of no power other 
than that of our God and the General Government of the Congress 

*Tlie above is t'lniiKi in V(il. L\. jiii^jrcs 12r<:i-r,:, of the Colonial Records of \oith 
(iirolina. 

28 



Thk Mkcklkmsukg Dkci.auatioox 29 

to the maintenance of which independence we solemnly pledge to 
each other our mutual cooperation, our lives, our fortunes, and 
our most sacred honor. 

4. Resolrefl. That as we now acknowledge the existence and con- 
trol of no law or legal officer, civil or military within this County, 
w'e do hereby ordain and adopt as a rule of life all, each and 
every of our former laws — wherein nevertheless the Crown of 
Great Britain never can be considered as holding rights, privileges, 
immunities, or authority therein. 

5. Besolved. That it is further decreed that all. each and every 
Military Officer in this County is hereby reinstated in his former 
command and authority, he acting conformably to these regula- 
tions. And that every member present of this delegation shall 
henceforth be a civil officer, viz.. a justice of the peace, in the 
character of a "committee man" to issue process, hear and deter- 
mine all matters of controversy accordin,g to said adopted laws 
and to preserve peace, union and harmony in said county, and 
to use every exertion to spread the love of Country and fire of 
freedom throughout America, until a more general and organized 
government be established in this Province. 



THE GREAT SEAL 

The Constitution of North Carolina, Article III, section 16, re- 
quires that 

"There shall be a seal of the State which shall be kept by the 
Governor, and used by him as occasion may require, and shall be 
called 'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina.' All grants 
and Commissions shall be issued in the name and by the authority 
of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 'The Great Seal of the 
State,' signed by the Governor and countersigned by the Secretary 
of State." 

The use of a Great Seal for the attestation of important docu- 
ments began with the institution of government in North Carolina. 
There have been at various times nine different seals in use in the 
colony and State. 

The present Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is de- 
scribed as follows: 

"The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is two and one- 
quarter inches in diameter, and its design is a representation of 
the figures of Liberty and Plenty, looking toward each other, but 
not more than half fronting each other, and otherwise disposed, as 
follows: Liberty, the first figure, standing, her pole with cap on it 
in her left hand and a scroll with the word 'Constitution' inscribed 
thereon in her right hand. Plenty, the second figure, sitting down, 
her right arm half extended toward Liberty, three heads of wheat 
in her right hand, and in her left the small end of her horn, the 
mouth of which is resting at her feet, and the contents of horn 
rolling out. In the exergon is inserted the words May 20, 1775, 
above the coat of arms. Around the circumference is the legend 
'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina* and the motto 
'Esse Quam Videri'." (Rev., s. 5339; Code ss. 3328, 3329; 1868-9, c. 
270. s. .3.^: 1S83, c. 392; 1893, c. 145.) 



THE STATE BIRD 

By popular choice the Cardinal was selected for adoption as 
our State Bird as of March 4, 1943. (S. L. 1943 c. 595; G. S. 
145-2.) 

This bird is sometimes called the Winter Redbird because it is 
most conspicuous in winter and is the only "redbird" present at 
that season. It is an all year round resident and one of the com- 
monest birds in our gardens and thickets. It is about the size of a 
Catbird with a longer tail, red all over, except that the throat and 
region around the bill is black; the head is conspicuously crested 
and the large stout bill is red; the female is much duller — the red 
being mostly confined to the crest, wings and tail. There are no 
seasonal changes in the plumage. 

The Cardinal is a fine singer, and what is unusual among birds 
the female is said to sing as well as the male, which latter sex 
usually has a monopoly of that art in the feathered throngs. 

The nest is rather an untidy affair built of weed stems, grass 
and similar materials in a low shrub, small tree or bunch of briars, 
usually not over four feet above the ground. The usual number of 
eggs to a set is three in this State, usually four further North. 
Possibly the Cardinal raises an extra brood down here to make 
up the difference, or possibly he can keep up his normal population 
more easily here through not having to face inclement winters 
of the colder North. A conspicuous bird faces more hazards. 

The Cardinal is by nature a seed eater, but he does not dislike 
small fruits and insects. 



33 



THE HALIFAX RESOLUTION 

Addiilcd by the Provincial Con^i'i'ss of North Carolina in Session 

at Halifax. April 12, 1776. 

li apiicars to your coinmittee that ])ursuant to the plan concerted 
by the British Ministry for sub.iugating America, the King and 
Parliament of Great Britain have usurped a power over the per- 
sons and properties of the people unlimited and uncontrolled; and 
disregarding theii- humble petitions for peace, liberty, and safety, 
have made divers legislative acts, denouncing war, famine, and 
every species of calamity, against the Continent in general. The 
British fleets and armies have been, and still are, daily employed 
in destroying the people, and committing the most horrid devasta- 
tions on the country. The Governors in different Colonies have de- 
clared i)rotection to slaves who should imbrue their hands in the 
blood of tlieir masters. That ships belonging to America are de- 
clared prizes of war and many of them have been violently seized 
and confiscated. In consequence of all of whicli multitudes of the 
people have been destroyed, or from easy circumstances reduced 
to the most lamentable distress. 

AxD Whereas, The moderation, hitherto manifested by the United 
Colonies and their sincere desire to be reconciled to the mother 
country on constitutional principles, have procured no mitigation 
of the aforesaid wrongs and usurpations, and no hopes remain 
of obtaining redress by those means alone which have been 
hitherto tried, your committee are of opinion that the House should 
enter into the following resolve, to wit: 

Resolved, That the delegates for this Colony in the Continental 
Congress be empowered to concur with the delegates of the other 
Colonies in declaring Independency, and forming foreign alliances, 
reserving to this Colony the sole and exclusive right of forming 
a Constitution and laws for this Colony, and of appointing dele- 
gates from time to time (under the direction of a general repre- 
sentation thereof), to meet the delegates of the other Colonies for 
such purposes as shall be hereafter pointed out. 



34 



NAME OF STATE AND NICKNAMES 

In 1629 King Charles the First of England "erected into a 
province," all the land from Albemarle Sound on the north to the 
St. John's River on the south, which he directed should be called 
Carolina. The word Carolina is from the word Carolus. the Latin 
form of Charles. 

When Carolina was divided in 1710, the southern part was 
called South Carolina and the northern or older settlement was 
called North Carolina, or the "Old North State." Historians had 
recorded the fact that the principal products of this State were 
"tar, pitch and turpentine." It was during one of the fiercest 
battles of the War Between the States, so the story goes, that the 
column supporting the North Carolina troops was driven from the 
field. After the battle the North Carolinians, who had successfully 
fought it out alone, were greeted from the passing dei'elict regi- 
ment with the question: "Any more tar down in the Old North 
State, boys?" Quick as a flash came the answer: "No; not a bit; 
old Jeff's bought it all up." "Is that so; what is he going to do 
with it?" was asked. "He is going to put it on you'uns heels to 
make you stick better in the next fight." Creecy relates that Gen- 
eral Lee, hearing of the incident, said: "God bless the Tar Heel 
boys," and from that they took the name. — Adapted from Grand- 
father Tales of North Carolina by R. B. Creecy and Histories of 
North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, by Walter Clark. 

The State Motto 

The General Assembly of 1893 (chapter 145) adopted the words 
"Esse Quam Videri" as the State's motto and directed that these 
words with the date "20 May, 1775," should be placed with our 
Coat of Arms upon the Great Seal of the State. 

The words "Esse Quam Videri" mean "to be rather than to 
seem." Nearly every State has adopted a motto, generally in Latin. 
The reason for their mottoes being in Latin is that the Latin 
tongue is far more condensed and terse than the English. The 
three words, "Esse Quam Videri," require at least six English 
words to express the same idea. 

Curiosity has been aroused to learn the origin of our State 
motto. It is found in Cicero in his essay on Friendship (Cicero de 
Amicitia, Chap. 26.) 

35 



3G NoiMii Cakuli.na Ma.nual 

It is ii Utile siii,t;ulai- that until the act of 1893 tlie sovereign 
State of North Carolina had no motto since its declaration of in- 
dependence. It was one of the very few states which did not have 
a motto and the only one of the original thirteen without one. 
(Rev., s. .5320; 1893, c. 145; G. S. 144-2.) 

The State Colors 

The General Assembly of 1945 declared Red and Blue of shades 
appearing in the North Carolina State Flag and the American 
Flag as the official State Colors. (Session Laws, 1945, c. 878; G. S. 
144-6.) 

The State Flower 

The General Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the 
State flower. (Public Laws, 1941, c. 289; G. S. 145-1.) 

The State's Toast 

Officially adopted as the toast of North Carolina by the General 
Assembly of 1957. (Session Laws, 1957, c. 777.) 

Here's to the land of the long leaf pine. 

The summer land where the sun doth shine, 

Where the weak grow strong and the strong grow great. 

Here's to "Down Home," the Old North State! 

Here's to the land of the cotton bloom white, 
Where the scuppernong perfumes the breeze at night, 
Where the soft southern moss and jessamine mate, 
'Neath the murmuring pines of the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where the galax grows. 
Where the rhododendron's rosette glows. 
Where soars Mount Mitchell's summit great. 
In the "Land of the Sky," in the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where maidens are fair, 
Where friends are true and cold hearts rare, 
The near land, the dear land whatever fate. 
The blest land, the best land, the Old North State! 

(Composed in V.tO', hy T.eonora Martin and Mary Burke Kerr.) 



Public Holidays 37 

Public Holidays 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

January 19 — Birthday of General Robert E. Lee. 

February 22 — Birthday of George Washington. 

Easter Monday. (Applies to State and National Banks only). 

April 12 — Anniversary of the Resolutions adopted by the Pro- 
vincial Congress of North Carolina at Halifax, April 12, 1776, 
instructing the delegates from North Carolina to the Continental 
Congress to vote for a Declaration of Independence. 

May 10 — Confederate Memorial Day. 

May 20 — Anniversary of the "Mecklenburg Declaration of In- 
dependence." 

May 30 — Memorial Day (Applies to State and National Banks 
only). 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

September, first Monday — Labor Day. 

November, Tuesday after first Monday — General Election Day. 

November 11 — Armistice Day. 

November, Fourth Thursday — Thanksgiving Day. 

By joint Resolution No. 41 of Congress, approved by the Presi- 
dent December 26, 1941, the fourth Thursday in November in each 
and every year after 1941, was designated as Thanksgiving Day 
and made a legal public holiday to all intents and purposes. 

December 25 — Christmas Day. 

(G.S. 103-4). 



3S Xoiri II r\i;oii\A Manual 

Population 

lfi75 (Estimated) 4,000 

1701 (Estimated) --- 5,000 

1707 (Estimated) _ 7,000 

1715 (Estimated) 11,000 

1721) (Estimated) 35,000 

1752 (Estimated) 100,000 

1765 (Estimated) 200,000 

1771 (Estimated) 250,000 

17Sfi (Estimated) 350,000 

1790 (Census) 393,751 

1800 (Census) .._. 478,103 

1810 (Census) 555,500 

1820 - (Census) 638,829 

1S30 (Census) 737,987 

1840 (Census) 753,409 

1850 (Census) 869,039 

1860 (Census) 992,622 

1870 - (Census) 1,071,361 

1880 (Census) 1,399,750 

1890 - (Census) 1,617,947 

1900 (Census) 1,893,810 

1910 (Census) 2,206,287 

1920 (Census) 2,559,123 

1930 (Census) 3,170,276 

1940 (Census) 3,571,623 

1950 (Census) 4,061,929 



THE OLD NORTH STATE 

(Traditional air as sung in 1926) 



WiLUAU GaSTOH 

With spirit 



Collected A^a) ABBiNoai) 
BY Mbs. E. E. Randolph 




:fc^=fc 



9 J s=g^±J 



:J=^S- 



i 



1. Car - - li - nal Car 

2. Tho' she en - vies not 

3. Then let all those who 



li - na! heav-en's bless-ings at - tend her, 
oth - ers, their mer - it - ed glo - ry, 
love us, love the land that we live in, 



331 



t±i 






-•^^ — ^- 



-^ ■ l^'-'i/ T 






q=It 



; i\ t J jr ^ 






While we live we will cher - ish, pro - tect and de- fend her, Tho' the 
Say whose name stands the fore - most, in lib - er - tys sto • ry, Tho' too 

As hao • py a re - gion as on this side of heav-eu, Where 




)B=)B^-^: 



t=^^ 



1 — lr5F ^? 



r-t 



«Ei 



j:-J=tj: — ,* — S— i-J — ^ — f- 






^rwi 



scorn - er may sneer at and wit - lings de - fame her, Sti'.l our hearts swell with 
true to her - self e'er to crouch to op -pres-sion, V/ho can yield to just 

ile be - fore us, Raise a.'.oud, raisi to- 



plen - ty and peace, love and jcy smil 



2^ 3c: 



?=fc 






:a_^ 



Eil 



-•-r^ 



^ 



jzir^rie: 



^ 



i 



i^ 



g ^ 



Chorus 



I 

glad - ness when ev • er we name her. 

rule • more loy - al sub-mis-sion. Hur 

geth - er the heart thrill - ing chorus. 



^issfei^i^^ 



rah! 



Hur - rah! 



the 



^:^. 



P b ■» | - 



i^ 



-Cc 



e 




Old North State for -ev 

-^ « . ^ . m 



er. 



Hur - rahl 
r^ — 



i^S 



^ 



Hur -rah! the good Old North State 

1 



^- 



-t — r 



CONSTITUTION OF THE 
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 



PREAMBLE 

Vi't, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to 
Almighty God. the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preserva- 
tion of the American Union and the existence of our civil, political 
and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon 
Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity. 
do, for the more certain security thereof, and for the better govern- 
ment of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I 

DIXLAUATIOX OF liKiHTS 

That the great, general and essential principals of liberty and 
free government may be recognized and established, and that the 
relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United 
States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the 
American people may be defined and affirmed, we do declare: 

Section 1. TJie equality and ri(jht.s of iier.sons. That we hold it 
to be self-evident that all persons are created equal; that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; 
that among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of 
their own labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. Political power and (/overnme/nt. That all political power 
is vested in. and derived from, the people; all government of right 
originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is 
instituted solely for the good of the whole. 

Sec. 3. Internal (jorernment of the tState. That the people of 
this State have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulat- 
ing the internal government and police thereof, and of altering and 
abolishing their Constitution and form of government whenever 
it may be necessary to their safety and happiness; but every such 
right should be exercised in pursuance of law. and consistently 
with the Constitution of the United States. 

41 



42 NOKTII C.VlIOl.l.NA M.VAl AL 

St'c. 4. That there is no r'mht to secede. That this State shall 
ever veiiiain a member of the American Union: that the people 
thereof are a ])art of the American Nation: that there is no right 
on the pait of tlie State to secede, and that all attempts, from 
whatever source or upon whatever pretext, to dissolve said Union 
or to sever said Nation, ought to be resisted with the whole power 
of the State. 

Sec. h. Of (iUe</i(mee to the United !~!t<ites (lovernment. That 
every citizen of this State owes paramount allegiance to the Con- 
stitution and Government of the United States, and that no law or 
ordinance of the State in contravention or subversion thereof can 
have any binding force. 
><21__— -r--Sec. (i. Public delit: bonds issued under ordinttm-e of Conven- 
^^^^^^tion of lS(if<. '()S-'li'J. '69-'70, declared invalid; exception. The State 
shall never assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any debt or 
obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave; nor shall the General Assembly assume 
or pay, or authorize the collection of any tax to pay, either directly 
or indirectly, expressed or implied, any debt or bond incurred, nr 
issued, l)y authority of the Convention of the year one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-eight, nor any debt or bond incurred or 
issued by the Legislature of the year one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-eight, either at its special session of the year one th<'U- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-eight, or at its regular sessions of 
the years one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight and one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, and one thousand eight 
liundred and sixty-nine and one thousand eight hundred and 
seventy, except the bonds issued to fund the interest on the old 
debt of the State, unless the proposing to pay the same shall have 
first been submitted to the people and by them ratified by the 
vote of a majority of all the qualified voters of the State, at a 
regular election held for that purpose. 

Sec. 7. Exclusive emoluments, et cetera. No person or set of 
persons are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privi- 
leges from the community but in consideration of public services. 

(q\ Sec. S. The legislative, c.recutive and judicial pou'ers distinct. 
The legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of the 
government ought to he forever separate and distinct from each 
other. 



(? 



Constitution 43 

Sec. 9. Of the ixjircr of siisijending Jaics. All power of sus- 
pending laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without 
the consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to 
their rights, and ought not to be exercised. 

-^-Sec. 10. Elections free. All elections ought to be free. 

Sec. 11. //( <-ruiii)iul prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions, 
every person charged with crime has the right to be informed of 
the accusation and to confront the accusers and witnesses with 
other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and not be com- 
pelled to give self-incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail 
fees, or necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found guilty. 

Sec. 12. Answers to criminal charges. No person shall be put 
to answer any criminal charge except as hereinafter allowed, but 
by indictment, presentment, or impeachment. But any persons, 
when represented by counsel, may, under such regulations as the 
Legislature shall prescribe, waive indictment in all except capital 
cases. 

Sec. 13. Right of jury. No person shall be convicted of any 
crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful 
persons in open court. The Legislature may, however, provide 
other means of trial, for petty misdemeanors, with the right of 
appeal. 

Sec. 14. Excessire hitil. Excessive bail should not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments 
inflicted. 

Sec. 15. General irarrants. General warrants, whereby any 
officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places, 
without evidence of the act committed, or to seize any person or 
persons not named, wiiose offense is not particularly described and 
supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty and ought not to 
be granted. 

Sec. 16. Imprisonment for debt. There shall be no imprison- 
ment for debt in this State, except in cases of fraud. 

Sec. 17. No persons taken, etc., hut by laic of land. No person 
ought to be taken, imprisoned or disseized of his freehold, liber- 
ties, or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner de- 
prived of his life, liberty or property, but by the law of the land. 

Sec. 18. Persons restrained of liberty. Every person restrained 
of his liberty is entitled to a remedy to inquire into the lawfulness 



44 Noitiii Caholi.va Maxual 

thereof, and lo remove the same, if unlawful: and such remedy 
ought not lo be denied or delayed. 

See. 19. Controversies (it lair rcsiicctinij /troiicrtt/. In all con- 
troversies at law respecting; property, the ancient mode of trial 
by jury is on<' of the best securities of the rights of the people, 
and (lUKht to remain sacred and inviolable. No person shall be 
excluded from jury service on account of sex. 

Sec. 20. Freedom of the press. The freedom of the press is one 
of the .meat bulwarks of liberty, and therefore ought never to be 
restrained, but every individual shall be held responsible for the 
abuse of the same. 

Sec. 21. Hat>e<is corpus. The privilege of the writ of habeas 
corpus shall not l)e suspended. 

Sec. 22. Property qiiaUtivation. As political rights and privi- 
leges are not dependent upon, or modified by, property, therefore 
no propert}' qualification ought to affect the riglit to vote or hold 
office. 

Sec. 23. Representatio)! iduI td.rntioit. The people of the State 
ought not to be taxed, or made subject to the payment of any 
impost or duty without the consent of themselves, or their repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 24. Milititt a)id the rhjJit to hear onus. A well regulated 
militia being necesasry to the security of a free State, the right 
of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; and, 
as standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they 
ought not to be kept up, and the military should be kept under 
strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. Nothing 
herein contained shall justify the practice of carrying concealed 
weapons, or prevent the Legislature from enacting penal statutes 
against said practice. 

Sec. 2.5. l'i(iht of the people to assemhle together. The people 
have a right to assemble together to consult for their common 
good, to instruct their representatives, and to apply to the Legis- 
lature for redress of grievances. But secret political societies are 
dangerous to the liberties of a free people, and should not be 
tolerated. 

Sec. 2G. Religious liberty. All persons have a natural and 
inalienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dic- 
tates of their own consciences, and no human authority should, 



Co.NKTITUTIOX 45 

ill any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of 
conscience. 

Sec. 27. Education. The people have a right to the privilege of 
education, and it is the duty of the State to guard and maintain 
that right. 

Sec. 2S. Elections should he frequent. For redress of griev- 
ances, and for amending and strengthening the laws, elections 
should he often held. 

Sec. 29. Recurrence to fundiniieiital ijriiiciiilcs. A frequent re- 
currence to fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 30. Hereditctri/ eniolu)iieiits. etc. No hereditary emolu- 
ments, privileges, or honors ought to be granted or conferred in 
this State. 

Sec. 31. Perpetuities, etc. Perpetuities and monopolies are con- 
trary to the genius of a free State, and ought not to be allowed. 

Sec. 32. Ex post facto laws. Retrospective laws, punishing acts 
committed before the existence of such laws, and by them only 
declared criminal, are oppressive, unjust and incompatible with 
liberty; wherefore no ex post factor law ought to be made. No 
law taxing retrospectively sales, purchases, or other acts previously 
done, ought to be passed. 

Sec. 33. Slavery prohibited. Slavery and involuntary servitude, 
otherwise than for crime, whereof the parties shall have been 
duly convicted, shall be. and are hereby, forever prohibited within 
the State. 

Sec. 34. State houndirries. The limits and boundaries of the 
State shall be and remain as they now are. 

Sec. 35. Courts shall he open. All courts shall be open: and 
every person for an injury done to him in his lands, goods, person, 
or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law. and right 
and justice administered without sale, denial, or delay. 

Sec. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. No soldier shall, in time of 
peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; 
nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 37. Other rights of the people. This enumeration of rights 
shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the 
people; and all powers herein not delegated remain with the people. 



46 NOKTII CAliUI.I.XA Max UAL 

ARTICLE II 

]JC<ilSI,Ai'lVK DKl'AKI'.MKNT 

Section 1. Tico branches. The legislative authority shall be 
vested in two distinct branches, both dependent on the people, to- 
wit: a Senate and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2. Tivie of assemhly. The Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives shall meet biennially on the first Wednesday after the 
first Monday in February next after their election, unless a differ- 
ent day shall be provided by law; and when assembled, shall be 
denominated the General Assembly. Xeither house shall proceed 
upon public business unless a majority of all the members are 
actually present. 

Sec. 3. Xitiiiber of senators. The Senate shall be composed of 
fifty Senators, biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 4. Regulations in relation to districting the Htate for 
Senators. The Senate Districts shall be so altered by the General 
Assembly, at the first session after the return of every enumera- 
tion by order of Congress, that each Senate District shall contain, 
as near as may be, an equal number of inhabitants, excluding 
aliens and Indians not taxed, and shall remain unaltered until the 
return of another enumeration, and shall at all times consist of 
eontinguous territory; and no county shall be divided in the for- 
mation of a Senate District, unless such county shall be equitably 
entitled to two or more Senators. 

Sec. 5. Regulations in relation to apportionmeut of represen- 
tatives. The House of Representatives shall be composed of one 
hundred and twenty Representatives, biennially chosen by ballot, 
to be elected by the counties respectively, according to their popu- 
lation, and each county shall have at least one Representative in 
the House of Representatives, although it may not contain the 
requisite ratio of representation; this apportionment shall be made 
by the General Assembly at the respective times and periods when 
the districts for the Senate are hereinbefore directed to be laid 
off. 

Sec. 6. Ratio of representation. In making the apportionment 
in the House of Representatives, the ratio of representation shall 
be ascertained by dividing the amount of the population of the 
State, exclusive of that comprehended within those counties which 
do not severally contain the one hundred and twentieth part of the 



COXSTITUTIOX 47 

population of the State, by the number of Representatives, less 
the number assigned to such counties; and in ascertaining tlie 
number of the population of the State, aliens and Indians not 
taxed shall not be included. To each county containing the said 
ratio and not twice the said ratio there shall be assigned one 
Representative; to each county containing twice but not three 
times the said ratio there shall be assigned two Representatives, 
and so on progressively, and then the remaining Representatives 
shall be assigned severally to the counties having the largest 
fractions. 

Sec. 7. (JuaUficatioiis for senators. Each member of the Senate 
shall not be less than twenty-five years of age, shall have resided 
in the State as a citizen two years, and shall have usually resided 
in the district for which he was chosen one year immediately 
preceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Qualifications for representatives. Each member of the 
House of Representatives shall be a qualified elector of the State, 
and shall have resided in the county for which he is chosen for 
one year immediately preceding his elec'tion. 

Sec. 9. Election of officers. In the election of all officers, whose 
appointment shall be conferred upon the General Assembly by the 
Constitution, the vote shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 10. Powers in relation to divorce and allniony. The General 
Assembly shall have power to pass general laws regulating divorce 
and alimony, but shall not have power to grant a divorce or secure 
alimony in any individual case. 

Sec. 11. Private lairs in relation to names of persons, etc The 
(General Assembly shall not have power to pass any private law 
to alter the name of any person, or to legitimate any person not 
born in lawful wedlock, or to restore to the rights of citizenship 
any person convicted of an infamous crime, but shall have power 
to pass general laws regulating the same. 

Sec. 12. Thirty days notice shall he (jiven anterior to i):ts.sage 
of i)rivate laics. The General Assembly shall not pass any private 
law, unless it shall be made to appear that thirty days notice of 
api)lication to pass such a law shall have been given, under such 
direction and in such manner as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 13. Vacancies. If a vacancy shall occur in the General 
Assembly by death, resignation or otherwise, the said vacancy 
shall be filled immediately by the Governor appointing the person 



48 Xoi;i II Cakoi.ixa Manual . 

reooinmended by the executive committee of the county in which 
the deceased or resigned member was resident, being the exec- 
utive committee of the political party with which the deceased or 
resigned member was affiliated at tli(^ time of his election. 

Sec. 14. Here)! lie. No law shall be passed to raise money on the 
credit of the State, or to pledge the faith of the State, directly 
or indirectly, for the payment of any debt, or to impose any tax 
upon the people of the State, or allow the counties, cities or towns 
to do so, unless the bill for the purpose shall have been read three 
several times in each House of the General Assembly and passed 
three several readings, which readings shall have been on three 
different days, and agreed to by each House respectively, and un- 
less the yeas and nays on the second and third readings of the bill 
shall have been entered on the journal. 

Sec. 15. Entails. The General Assembly shall regulate entails in 
such a manner as to prevent perpetuities. 

Sec. 1(5. .lourtuils. Each House shall keep a journal of its pro- 
ceedings, which shall be printed and made public immediately after 
the adjournment of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. I'rotcsi. Any member of either House may dissent 
from, and protest against, any act or resolve which he may think 
injurious to the public, or any individual, and have the reasons 
for his dissent entered on the journal. 

Sec. 18. Officers of the House. The House of Representatives 
shall choose their own Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 19. President of the senate. The Lieutenant-Governor shall 
preside in the Senate, but shall have no vote unless it may be 
equally divided. 

Sec. 20. Other senatorial officers. The Senate shall choose its 
other officers, and also a Speaker ( pro tempore ) in the absence 
of the Lieutenant-Governor, or when he shall exercise the office 
(if Governor. 

Sec. 21. tStijle of the arts. The style of the 'acts shall be: "The 
General Assembly of North Carolina do enact." 

Sec. 22. I'oirers of the General AssemhU/. Each House shall be 
judge of the qualifications and election of its own members, shall 
sit upon its own adjournment from day to day, prepare bills to be 
passed into laws;- and the two Houses may also jointly adjourn 
to any future day, or other place. 



CONSTITITIOX 49 

Sec. 23. 7>i/?.S' and resohitions to he read three times, etc. All 
bills and reKolutions of a legislative nature shall be read three 
times in each House before they pass into laws, and shall be signed 
by the presiding officers of both Houses. 

Sec. 24. Oath of memhers. Each member of the General Assem- 
bly, before taking his seat, shall take an oath or affirmation that 
he v/ill support the Constitution and laws of the United States, 
and the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, and will 
faithfully discharge his duty as a member of the Senate or House 
of Representatives. 

Sec. 2.5. Terms of office. The terms of office for Senators and 
members of the House of Representatives shall commence at the 
time of their election. 

Sec. 26. Yeas and nays. Upon motion made and seconded in 
either House by one-fifth of the members present, the yeas and 
nays upon any ciuestion shall be taken and entered upon the 
journals. 

Sec. 27. Election for members of the General Assembly. The 
election for members of the General Assembly shall be held for 
the respective districts and counties, at the places where they are 
now held, or may be directed hereafter to be held, in such manner 
as may be prescribed by law. on the first Thursday in August, 
in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and every 
two years thereafter. But the General Assembly may change the 
time of holding the elections. 

Sec. 28. Pay of members and ijrrsidifuj officers of the General 
Assembly. The members of the General Assembly for the term 
for which they have been elected shall receive as a compensation 
for their services the sum of fifteen dollars ($15.00) per day 
for each day of their session for a period not exceeding 120 days. 
The compensation of the presiding officers of the two houses shall 
be twenty dollars ($20.00) per day for a period not exceeding 
120 days. Should an extra session of the General Assembly be 
called, the members and pi'esiding officers shall receive a like rate 
of compensation for a period not exceeding 25 days. The members 
and presiding officers shall also receive, while engaged in legis- 
lative duties, such subsistence and travel allowance as shall be 
established by law; provided, such allowances shall not exceed 
those established for members of State boards and commissions 
generally. 






y 



50 NoKTii Cakoi.ixa Maxuai, 

Sec. 29. rAviifafions upon poirer of (leneral Assewhly to enact 
■private or special legislation. The General Assembly shall not pass 
any local, private or special act or resolutidu relating to the es- 
tablishment of courts interior to the Superior Court; relating to 
the appointment of justices of the peace; relating to health, sani- 
tation, and the abatement of nuisances: changing the names of 
cities, towns, and townships; authorizing the laying out, opening, 
altering, maintaining, or discontinuing of highways, streets, or 
alleys; relating to ferries or bridges; relating to non-navigable 
streams; relating to cemeteries: relating to the pay of jurors; 
erecting new townships, or changing township lines, or establish- 
ing or changing the lines of school districts: remitting fines, 
penalties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into 
the public treasury: regulating labor, trade, mining, or manu- 
facturing; extending the time for the assessment or collection of 
taxes or otherwise relieving any collector of taxes from the due 
performance of his official duties or his sureties from liability: 
giving effect to informal wills and deeds; nor shall the General 
Assembly enact any such local, private or special act by the par- 
tial repeal of a general law, but the General Assembly may at any 
time repeal local, private or special laws enacted by it. Any local, 
private or special act or resolution passed in violation of the pro- 
visions of this section shall be void. The General Assembly shall 
have power to pass general laws regulating matters set out in 
this section. 

Sec. 30. InLiohtbiUtij of sinking funds. The General Assembly 
shall not use nor authorize to be used any part of the amount of 
any sinking fund for any purpose other than the retirement of the 
bonds for which said sinking fund has been created. 

Sec. 31. Use of funds of Teachers and State Employees' Re- 
tirement System restricted. The General Assembly shall not use, 
or authorize to be used, nor shall any agency of the State, public 
officer or public employee use or authorize to be used the funds, 
or any part of the funds, of the Teachers' and State Employees' 
Retirement System except for retirement system purposes. The 
funds for the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System 
shall not be applied, diverted, loaned to or used by the State, any 
State agency. State officer, public officer or employee except for 
purposes of the Retirement System: Provided, that nothing in this 
Section shall prohibit the use of said funds for the payment of 



COXSTITLTIOX 51 

benefits as authorized by the Teachers' and State Employees' Re- 
tirement Law, nor shall anything in this provision prohibit the 
proper investment of said funds as may be authorized by law. 

ARTICLE III 

EXECUTIVE DEPAKTil E.\T 

Section 1. Officers of flip Executive Deixirt inciit : Tcr)ii.s of 
Office. The Executive Department shall consists of a Governor, in 
whom shall be bested the supreme executive power of the State; a 
Lieutenant-Governor, a Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Treas- 
urer, a Superintendent of Public Instruction, an Attorney Gen- 
eral, a Commissioner of Agriculture, a Commissioner of Labor, 
and a Commissioner of Insurance, who shall be elected for a term 
of four years by the qualified electors of the State, at the same 
time and places and in the same manner as members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly are elected. Their term of office shall commence on 
the first day of January next after their election, and continue 
until their successors are elected and qualified: Provided, that the 
officers first elected shall assume the duties of their office ten days 
after the approval of this Constitution by the Congress of the 
United States, and shall hold their offices four years from and 
after the first day of January. 

Sec. 2. 0<i'i^i^c(itio)is of (Sovetnor aiicl Lieutenant-Governor. No 
person shall be eligible as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor un- 
less he shall have attained the age of thirty years, shall have 
been a citizen of the United States five years, and shall have been 
a resident of this State for two years next before election: nor 
shall the person elected to either of these two offices be eligible to 
the same office more than four years in any term of eight years, 
unless the office shall have been cast upon him as Lieutenant- 
Governor or President of the Senate. 

Sec. 3. Returns of elections. The return of every election for 
officers of the Executive Department shall be sealed up and trans- 
mitted to the seat of government by the returning officer, directed 
to the Secretary of State. The return shall be canvassed and the 
result declared in such manner as may be prescribed by law. Con- 
tested elections shall be determined by a joint ballot of both 
Houses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be pre- 
scribed by law. 



52 Xoirni Caiioi.i.xa AIamai. 

Sec. 1. Oiilh ui olji'c for (lorcnuir. The Governor, before eiiter- 
iiii; ui)()n the duties of his office, shall, in the presence of the mem- 
bers of both branches of the General Assembly, or before any 
Justice of the Supreme Court, lake an oath or affirmation that he 
will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, and 
of the State of North Carolina, and that he will faithfully per- 
form the duties appertaining to the office of Governor, tn which 
he has ])een elected. 

Sec. 5. Duties of Governor. The Governor shall reside at the 
seat of government of this State, and he shall, from time to time, 
give the General Assembly information of the affairs of the State, 
and recommend to their consideration such measurse as he shall 
deem expedient. 

Sec. 6. Reprieves, eommututions (iiid imnlons. The Governor 
shall have power to grant reprieves, comnmtations and pardons, 
after conviction, lor all offenses (except in cases of impeachment), 
upon such conditions as he may think proper, subject to such 
regulations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of 
applying for pardons. He shall biennially conununicate to the Gen- 
eral Assembly each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon 
granted, stating the name of each convict, the crime for which 
he was convicted, the sentence and its date, the date of commu- 
tation, pardon, or reprieve, and the reasons therefor. The terms 
reprieves, commutations and pai'dons shall not include paroles. 
The General Assembly is authorized and empowered to create a 
Board of Paroles, provide for the appointment of the members 
thereof, and enact suitable laws defining the duties and authority 
of such board to grant, revoke and terminate paroles. The Gov- 
ernor's power of paroles shall continue until .luly 1. 1955. at which 
time said power shall cease and shall be vested in such Bi>ard 
of Paroles as may be created by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 7. A)))it((il rei)())-ts iroui officers of E.recutive Deixirtnient 
(ivrl of puhUc insfitutio)is. The officers of the Executive Department 
and of the public institutions of the State shall, at least five days 
previous to each regular session of the General Assembly, severally 
report to the Governor, who shall transmit such reports, with his 
message, to the General Assembly; and the Governor may. at any 
time, require information in writing from the officers in the 
Executive Department upon any sub.iect relating to the duties 



C()>STITIT1(1.\ 53 

of their respective offices, and shall take care that the laws he 
faithfully executed. 

Sec. S. Covimatider-hi-Chief. The Governor shall be Comman- 
der-in-Chief of the militia of the State, except when they shall 
be called into the service of the United States. 

Sec. 9. Extra sessions of the (reneral Asseuihhj. The Governor 
shall have powder on extraordinary occasions, and by and with the 
advice of the Council of State, to convene the General Assembly 
in extra session by his proclamation, stating therein the purpose 
or purposes for which they are thus convened. 

Sec. 10. Officers irhose appointments are not other^rise pro- 
rirJcfl for. The Governor shall nominate, and by and with the 
advice and consent of a majority of the Senators-elect, appoint all 
ofl'icers whose offices are established by this Constitution and whose 
appointments are not otherwise provided for. 

Sec. 11. Duties of the Lieutenant-Gorernor. The Lieutenant- 
Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote 
unless the Senate be equally divided. He shall receive such com- 
pensation as shall be fixed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 12. /;/ ease of impeachment of Governor, or vacancy caused 
h}i death or resignation. In case of the impeachment of the 
Governor, his failure to qualify, his absence from the State, his 
inability to discharge the duties of his office, or, in case the office 
of Governor shall in any wise become vacant, the powers, duties 
and emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the Lieutenant- 
Governor until the disability shall cease or a new Governor shall 
be elected and qualified. In every case in wiiich the Lieutenant- 
Governor shall be unable to preside ovei- the Senate, the Senators 
shall elect one of their own number president of their body; 
and the powers, duties and emoluments of the office of Governor 
shall devolve upon him whenever the Lieutenant-Governor shall, 
for any reason, be prevented from discharging the duties of such 
office as above provided, and he shall continue as acting Governor 
until the disabilities are removed, or a new Governor or Lieutenant- 
Governor shall be elected and qualified. Whenever, during the 
recess of the General Assembly, it shall become necessary for the 
President of the Senate to administer the government, the Secre- 
tary of State shall convene the Senate, that they may elect such 
president. 



54 XoKi II C\i:<>i.i.\A ]\lANrAL 

Sec. 13. niilirs of other crecutire officers. The respective dutie.s 
of the Secretai-y of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Superintendent of 
I'uhlic Instruction. Attorney General. Commissioner of Agricul- 
ture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of Insurance shall 
he prescribed by law. If the office of any of said officers shall be 
vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty of 
the Covernor to appoint another until the disability be removed 
or his successor be elected and qualified. Every such vacancy shall 
be filled by election at the first general election that occurs more 
than thirty days after the vacancy has taken place, and the per- 
son chosen shall hold the office for the remainder of the unex- 
pired term fixed in the first section of this article. Provided, that 
when the unexpired term of any of the offices named in this sec- 
tion in which such vacancy has occurred expires on the first day 
of January succeeding the next general election, the Governor 
shall appoint to fill said vacancy for the unexpired term of said 
office. 

Sec. 14. Coioicil of State. The Secretary of State, Auditor, 
Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner 
of Agriculture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of In- 
surance shall constitute, ex officio, the Council of State, who shall 
advise the Governor in the execution of his office, and three o: 
whom shall constitute a quorum: their advice and proceedings 
in this capacity shall be entered in a journal, to be kept for this 
purpose, exclusively, and signed by the members present, from 
any part of which any member may enter his dissent; and such 
journal shall be placed before the General Assembly when called 
for by either house. The Attorney General shall be. ex officio, th'? 
legal adviser of the executive department. 

Sec. 15. Compensation of exec u tire officers. The officers men- 
tioned in this article shall at stated periods, receive for their 
services a compensation to be established by law, which shall 
neither be increased nor diminished during the time for which 
they shall have been elected, and the said officers shall receive 
no other emolument or allowance whatever. 

Sec. IG. Seal of State. There shall be a seal of the State, which 
shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him, as occasion may 
require, and shall be called "The Great Seal of the State of North 
Carolina". All grants and commissions shall be issued in the name 
and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 



Constitution 55 

"The Great Seal of the State", signed by the Governor, and 
countersigned by the Secretary of State. 

Sec. 17. Deimriment 0/ Agriculture, Immigration (ind Statis- 
tics. The General Assembly shall establish a Department of 
Agriculture, Immigration, and Statistics, under such regulations as 
may best promote the agricultural interests of the State, and shall 
enact laws for the adequate protection and encouragement of sheep 
husbandry. 

Sec. 18. Department of Justice. The General Assembly is author- 
ized and empowered to create a Department of Justice under the 
supervision and direction of the Attorney General, and to enact 
suitable laws defining the authority of the Attorney General and 
other officers and agencies concerning the prosecution of crime 
and the administration of the criminal laws of the State. 

ARTICLE IV 

JUDICIAL DEPAKTJIENT 

Section 1. AhuUslies t}ie rlistinctions hetiieen actions at lair and 
suits in equity, and feigned issues. The distinctions between actions 
at law and suits in equity, and the forms of all such actions and 
suits, shall be abolished; and there shall be in this State but one 
form of action for the enforcement or protection of private rights 
or the redress of private wrongs, which shall be denominated a 
civil action; and every action prosecuted by the people of the 
State as a party, against a person charged with a public offense, 
for the punishment of the same, shall be termed a criminal action. 
Feigned issues shall also be abolished, and the facts at issue tried 
by order of court before a jury. 

Sec. 2. Division of judicial ijoirers. The judicial power of the 
State shall be vested in a court for the trial of impeachments, a 
Supreme Court, Superior Courts, courts of justices of the peace, 
and such other courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be 
established by law. 

Sec. 3. Trial court of impeachment. The court for the trial of 
impeachments shall be the senate. A majority of the members 
shall be necessary to a (|uorum. and the judgment shall not extend 
beyond removal from and disqualification to hold office in this 
State; but the party shall be liable to indictment and punishment 
according to law. 



50 NoitTIl r\l!(i||\A 'MWTAT, 

Sec. 1. I III jiciir}! iiKiil. 'Vhv llnuso of Representatives solely shall 
li;i\i' ilir pdwcr of iiiii)cachiii,i;. No person shall be convicted with- 
niii the coiH'uri-ence of two-thirds of the senators present. When 
till' Covci'ncr is inii)oached. the Chief Justice shall pi'eside. 

Sec. ."). 'I'nasiiii (laaiiist tJic State. Treason ai;ainst the State 
shall consist only in levying war against it, or adhering to its 
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted 
of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same 
overt act, or on confession in open court. No conviction of treason 
or attainder shall work corruption of blood oi' forfeiture. 

Sec. 6. Stiprenie Court. The Supreme Court shall consist of a 
Chief Justice and four Associate Justices. The General Assembly 
may inci'ease the number of Associate Justices to not more than 
six when the work of the Court so requires. The Court shall 
have power to sit in divisions, when in its judgment this is neces- 
sary for the proper dispatch of business, and to make rules for 
the distribution of business between the divisions and for the 
hearing of cases by the full Court. No decision of any division 
shall become the judgment of the Court unless concurred In by 
a majority of all the justices, and no case involving a construc- 
tion of the Constitution of the State or of the United States shall 
be decided except by the Court in banc. All sessions of the Court 
shall be held in the city of Raleigh. This amendment made to the 
Constitution of North Carolina shall not have the effect to vacate 
any office or term of office now existing under the Constitution of 
the State, and filled or held by virtue of any election or appoint- 
ment under the said Constitution, and the laws of the State made 
in inirsuance thereof. The General Assembly is vested with au- 
thority to provide for the retirement of members of the Supreme 
Court and for the recall of such retired members to serve on said 
Court in lieu of any active member thereof who is, for any cause, 
temporarily incapacitated. 

Sec. 7. Terms of the Supreme Court. The terms of the Supreme 
Court shall be held in the city of Raleigh, as now. until othei-wise 
provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. S. .Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. The Supi'eme Court shall 
have jurisdiction to review, upon appeal, any decision of the courts 
below, upon any matter of law or legal inference. And the juris- 
diction of said court over "issues of fact" and "questions of fact" 



COXSTITl TION 57 

bhall be the same exercised by it before the adoption of the Con- 
stitution of one tliousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, and the 
court sliall have the power to issue any remedial writs necessary 
to give it a general supervision and control over the proceedings 
of the inferior courts. 

Sec. 9. Claims against the state. The Supreme Court shall 
have original jurisdiction to hear claims against the State, but 
its decisions shall be merely recommendatory, no process in the 
nature of execution shall issue thereon; they shall be reported to 
the next session of the General Assembly for its action. 

Sec. 10. .luflicidl Districts for Superior Courts. The General 
Assembly shall divide the State into a number of judicial districts 
which number may be increased or reduced and shall provide 
for the election of one or more Superior Court judges for each 
district. There shall be a Superior Court in each county at least 
twice in each year to continue for such time in each county as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 11. Judicial J)istri(ts; Uotati<j)i : Siie<i(il Supoior Court 
■Judges: Assignment of Superior Court Judges In/ Chief Justice. 
Each Judge of the Superior Court shall reside in the district for 
which he is elected. The General Assembly may divide the State 
into a number of judicial divisions. The judges shall preside in 
the courts of the different districts within a division successively; 
but no judge shall hold all the courts in the same district oftener 
than once in four years. The General Assembly may provide by 
general laws for the selection or appointment of Special or Emer- 
gency Superior Court .Judges not assigned to any judicial district, 
who may be designated from time to time by the Chief Justice 
to hold court in any district oi' districts within the State; and the 
General Assembly shall define their jurisdiction and shall provide 
for their reasonable compensation. The Chief Justice, when in his 
opinion the public interest so requires, may assign any Superior 
Court Judge to hold one or more terms of Superior Court in any 
district. 

Sec. 12. Jurisdiction of courts inferior to Supreme Court. The 
General Assembly shall have no power to deprive the judicial de- 
partment of any power or jurisdiction which rightfully pertains 
to it as a coordinate department of the government; but the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall allot and distribute that portion of this power 
and jurisdiction which does not pertain to the Supreme Court 



58 Nniriii ("akhiina Mamai. 

anion.u the other couiis iJi-csciibcd in this Constitution or wiiich may 
be estalilishi'd by law. in sucli manner as it may deem best; pro- 
vide also a proix'r system of appeals; and regulate by law, when 
necessary, the methods ol' proceeding in the exercise of their 
powers, of all the courts below the Supreme Court, so far as the 
same may be done without conflict with other itrovisions of this 
Constitution. 

Sec. i;'.. Ill ((ISC of iniircr of trial hi/ jiiri/. In all issues of fact, 
.joined in any court, the parties may waive the right to have the 
same determined l)y a .iury; in whiih case the finding of the judge 
upon the facts shall have the force and effect of a verdict by a 
jury. 

Sec. 14. Special courts in cities. The General Assembly sliall 
provide for the establishment of special courts, for the tiial of 
misdemeanors, in cities and towns, wiiere the same may be 
necessary. 

Sec. 15. Clerk of the Supreme Court. The Clerk of the Supreme 
Court shall be appointed by the Court, and shall hold his office 
for eight years. 

Sec. 1(). Election of Superior Court clerk. A clerk of the Su- 
perior Court for each county shall be elected by the qualified 
voters thereof, at the time and in the manner prescribed by law 
for the election of members of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Term of office. Clerks of the Superior Courts shall hold 
their offices for four years. 

Sec. 18. Fees, salaries and emoluments. The General Assembly 
shall prescribe and regulate the fees, salaries, and emoluments of 
all officers provided for in this article; but tlie salaries of the 
judges shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. 19. What laics are, and shall lie, in force. The laws of 
Xcjrth Carolina, not repugnant to this Constitution or the Consti- 
tution and laws of the United States, shall be in force until law- 
fully altered. 

Sec. 20. Disposition of actions at lair and suits in equity, pend- 
ing n-hen this Constitution shall i/o into effect, etc. Actions at law 
and suits in equity pending when this Constitution shall go Into 
effect shall be transferred to the courts having jurisdiction thereof, 
without prejudice by reason of the change; and all such actions 
and suits commenced before, and pending at the adoption by the 
General Assembly of the rules of practice and procedure herein 



Constitution^ 59 

provided for, shall be heard and determined according to the prac- 
tices now in use, unless otherwise provided for by said rules. 

Sec. 21. Elections, terms of office, etc.. of Justices of the 
Supreme and Judges of the Superior Courts. The Justices of the 
Supreme Court shall be elected by the qualified voters of the 
State, as is provided for the election of members of the General 
Assembly. They shall hold their offices for eight years. The judges 
of the Superior Courts, elected at the first election under this 
amendment, shall be elected in like manner as is provided for 
Justices of the Supreme Court, and shall hold their office for 
eight years. The General Assembly may, from time to time, pro- 
vide by law that the judges of the Superior Courts, chosen at 
succeeding elections, instead of being elected by the voters of the 
whole State, as is herein provided for, shall be elected by the 
voters of their respective districts. 

Sec. 22. Trausdction of business in the Superior Courts. The 
Superior Courts shall be, at all times, open for the transaction of 
all business within their jurisdiction, except the trial of issues of 
fact requiring a jury. 

Sec. 23. Solicitors and Solicitorial Districts. The State shall 
be divided into twenty-one solicitorial districts, for each of which 
a solicitor shall be chosen by the qualified voters thereof, as is 
prescribed for members of the General Assembly, who shall hold 
office for the term of four years, and prosecute on behalf of the 
State in all criminal actions in the Superior Courts, and advise 
the officers of justice in his district. But the General Assembly 
may reduce or increase the number of solicitorial districts, which 
need not correspond to, or be the same as, the judicial districts 
of the State. 

Sec. 24. Sheriffs and Coroners. In each county a sheriff and a 
coroner shall be elected by the qualified voters thereof as is pre- 
scribed for the members of the General Assembly, and shall hold 
their offices for a period of four years. In each township there 
shall be a constable elected in like manner by the voters thereof, 
who shall hold his office for a period of two years. When there 
is no coroner in a county tlie Clerk of the Superior Court for the 
county may appoint one for special cases. In case of a vacancy 
existing for any cause in any of the offices created by this section 
the commissioners of the county may appoint to such office for the 
nnex])ired term. 



60 Xdutii Cakoi.i.na AIa.mai. 

Sec. 2"). Vdi (incic.s. All vacancies occuniiiK in the offices pro- 
vided for liy tliis Article of the Constitution shall be rilled by che 
appointment of the Governor, unless otherwise provided for, and 
the appointees shall hold their places until the next regular elec- 
tion for ineinbci's of the General Assembly that is held more than 
:]0 days after such vacancy occurs, when elections shall be held 
to fill such offices. Pi-ovided. that when the unexpired term of any 
of the offices named in this Article of the Constitution in which 
sucli vacancy has occurred, and in whicji il is herein provided 
iliat the Governor shall fill the vacancy, expires on the first day 
of .lanuary succeeding; the next General Election, the Governor 
shall ai)i)()int to fill said vacancy for the unexpired term of said 
office. If any person elected or appointed to any of said offices, 
shall nei^lect and fail to qualify, such offices shall be appointed to, 
held and filled as provided in case of vacancies occurring therein. 
All incumbents of said offices shall hold until their successors are 
nualified. 

Sec. 26. T(')-iii.s of off ire of first officers. The officers elected ?.t 
the first election held under this Constitution shall hold their 
oft'lces for the terms prescribed for them respectively, next ensuing 
after the next regular election for members of the General Assem- 
bly. But their terms shall begin upon the approval of this Con- 
stitution by the Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 27. Jurisfliction of justices of the peace. The several 
justices of the peace shall have jurisdiction, under such regula- 
tions as the General Assembly shall prescribe, of civil actions, 
founded on contract, wherein the sum demandsd shall not exceed 
two hundred dollars, and wherein the title to real estate shall not 
be in controversy, and of all criminal matters arising within their 
counties where the punishment cannot exceed a fine of fifty 
dollars or imprisonment for thiity days. And the General Assem- 
1)ly may give to the justices of the peace jurisdiction of other 
(ivil actions wherein the value of the property in controversy 
does not exceed fifty dollars. When an issue of fact shall be joined 
before a justice, on demand of either party thereto he shall cause 
a jury of six men to be summoned, who shall try the same. The 
party against whom the judgment shall be rendered in any civil 
action may appeal to the Superior Court from the same. In all 
cases of a criminal nature the party against whom the judgment 
is given may appeal to the Superior Court, where the matter shall 



Constitution 61 

be heard anew. In all cases brought before a justice, he shall make 
a record of the proceedings, and file the same with the clerk of the 
Superior Court for his county. 

Sec. 28. Vacancies in offices of justices. When the office of 
justice of the peace shall become vacant otherwise than by expira- 
tion of the term, and in case of a failure by the voters of any 
district to elect, the clerk of the Superior Court for the county 
shall appoint to fill the vacancy for the unexpired term. 

Sec. 29. Vacancies in office of Superior Court Clerk. In case the 
office of clerk of a Superior Court for a county shall become 
vacant otherwise than by expiration of the term, and in case of a 
failure by the people to elect, the judge of the Superior Court 
for the county shall appoint to fill the vacancy until an election 
can be regularly held. 

Sec. 30. Officers of other courts inferior to sui)rcme Court. In 
case the General Assembly shall establish other courts inferior 
to the Supreme Court, the presiding officers and clerks thereof 
shall l)e elected in such manner as the General Assembly may 
from time to time prescribe, and they shall hold their offices for 
a term not exceeding eight years. 

Sec. 31. Removal of judges of the various courts for i)iahHiti/. 
Any judge of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, and 
the presiding officers of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court 
as may be established by law, may be removed from office for men- 
tal or physical inability, upon a concurrent resolution of two-thirds 
of both Houses of the General Assembly. The judge or presiding 
officer against whom the General Assembly may be about to pro- 
ceed shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the 
causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before the 
day on which either House of the General Assembly shall act 
thereon. 

Sec. 32. I'oiioval of clerks of tlic various courts for inability. 
Any ilerk of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, or of 
such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be established 
by law. may be removed from office for mental or physical inability, 
the clerk of the Supreme Court l)y the judges of said court, the 
clerks of the Superior Courts by the judge riding the district, and 
the clerks of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may 
be established by law by the presiding officers of said courts. The 
clerk against whom pi'oceedings are instituted sliall receive notice 



02 NdKiii Caiioiina Mam'Al 

thereof, accompanied l)y a copy of the causes alleged for his re- 
moval, at least ten days before the day appointed to act thereon, 
and the clerk shall be entitled to an appeal to the next term of 
the Superior Court, and thence to the Supreme Court, as provided 
in other cases of appeals. 

Sec. 38. Anicvdmeuts udI to racate txi.stiiif/ offices. The amend- 
ments made to the Constitution of North Carolina by this con- 
vention shall not have the effect to vacate any office or term of 
office now existing under the Constitution of the State, and filled, 
or held, by virtue of any election or appointment under the said 
Constitution and the laws of the State made in pursuance thereof. 

ARTICLE V 

ItEVK-MK AM) TAXAJKIX 

Section 1. Capifatio)! td.i-; creuiiitioiis. The General Assembly 
may levy a capitation tax on every male inhabitant of the State 
over twenty-one and under fifty years of age, which said tax shall 
not exceed two dollars, and cities and towns may levy a capitation 
tax which shall not exceed one dollar. No other capitation tax 
shall be levied. The commissioners of the several counties and of 
the cities and towns may exempt from the capitation tax any 
special cases on account of poverty or infirmity. 

Sec. 2. AjipJication of jn-oceeds of state and coioity capitation 
tax. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall be 
applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor, 
but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent thereof be 
appropriated for the latter purpose. 

Sec. 3. state taxation. The power of taxation shall be exercised 
in a just and equitable manner, and shall never be surrendered, 
suspended or contracted away. Taxes on property shall be uniform 
as to each class of property taxed. Taxes shall be levied only for 
public purposes, and every act levying a tax shall state the object 
to which it is to be applied. The General Assembly may also tax 
trades, professions, franchises, and incomes: Provided, the rate 
of tax on income shall not in any case exceed ten per cent (10%), 
and there shall be allowed the following exemptions, to be de- 
ducted from the amount of annual incomes, to-wit: for a married 
man with a wife living with him. or to a widow or widower having 



COXSTITUTIOX 63 

miiiur child or children, natural or adopted, not less than $2,000; 
to all other persons not less than $1,000, and there may be allowed 
other deductions (not includins living expenses) so that only net 
incomes are taxed. 

Sec. 4. Liiiiitatio)i.s upon the i)urease of public, debts. The 
General Assembly shall have the povi^er to contract debts and to 
pledge the faith and credit of the State and to authorize counties 
and municipalities to contract debts and pledge their faith and 
credit for the following purposes: To fund or refund a valid 
existing debt; to borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes 
due and payable within the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding 
fifty per centum of such taxes; to supply a casual deficit; to sup- 
press riots or insurrections, or to repel invasions. For any pur- 
pose other than these enumerated, the General Assembly shall 
have no power, during any biennium, to contract new debts on 
behalf of the State to an amount in excess of two-thirds of the 
amount by which the State's outstanding indebtedness shall have 
been reduced during the next preceding biennium, unless the sub- 
ject be submitted to a vote of the people of the State; and for any 
purpose other than these enumerated the General Assembly shall 
have no power to authorize counties or municipalities to contract 
debts, and counties and municipalities shall not contract debts, 
during any fiscal year, to an amount exceeding two-thirds of 
the amount by which the outstanding indebtedness of the partici- 
ular county or municipality shall have been reduced during the 
next preceding fiscal year, unless the subject be submitted to a 
vote of the people of the particular county or municipality. In 
any election held in the State or in any county or municipality 
under the provisions of this section, the proposed indebtedness 
nuisr be approved by a majority of those who shall vote thereon. 
And the General Assembly shall have no power to give or lend the 
credit of the State in aid of any person, association, or corporation 
except to aid in the completion of such railroads as may be un- 
finished at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, or in 
which the State has a direct pecuniary interest, unless the sub- 
ject be submitted to a direct vote of the people of the State, and 
be approved by a majority of those who shall vote thereon. 

Sec. 5. Property exempt from taxation. Property belonging 
to the State or to municipal corporations, shall be exempt from 
taxation. The General Assembly may exempt cemeteries and prop- 



I'll X(ii;iii (\\i!ni.i.\A Mam A I. 

frly lu'lJ lUr (.'dufational, scic iitilic, literai'v. cliaiitaljle. or re- 
ligious purposes: also wearing api)arel, arms for muster, house- 
liold and kitclim iiniiitun", tlu' nu'chanical and atiricultural im- 
plements of mechanics and farmers; libraries and scientilic instru- 
ments, or any other personal property, to a value not exceeding 
three hundred dollars. The CJeneral Assembly may exempt from 
taxation not f^xceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) in value 
of pr-opcrly held and used as Ihe place df residence of the o\yii«i'- 

Sec. (). 'I'd.rcs Icricd for counties. The total of the State and 
county tax on property shall not exceed twenty cents (20c) on 
the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property, except when 
the county i)r()pt'i'ty tax is levied for a special purpose and with 
the si)ecial apiiroval of the General Assembly, which may be done 
by special or general act: Provided, this limitation shall not apply 
to taxes levied for the maintenance of the public schools of the 
State for the term required by Article IX, Section 'i. of the Con- 
stitution: Pi'ovided, further, the State tax shall not exceed five 
cents (5c) on the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property. 

Sec. 7. Act.s Icri/in!/ t<i.''e.s .sIkiU state objects, etc. Every act of 
the General Assembly levying a tax shall state the special object to 
which it is to be applied, and it shall be applied to no other inir- 
pose. 

ARTICLE VI 

SfFFliAGI-: A.M) KI.KIiniLITY TO OFFICE 

Section 1. U'/zo imin I'ote. Every person born in the United 
States, and every person who has been naturalized, twenty-one years 
of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in this article, 
shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of the Siate, 
except as herein otherwise provided. 

Sec. 2. QiKiUficatioiis of voter. Any person who shall have re- 
sided in the State of North Carolina for one year, and in the 
precinct, ward or other election district in w^hich such person offers 
to vote for thirty days next preceding an election, and possessing 
the other qualifications set out in this article, shall be entitled to 
vote at any election held in this State; provided, that removal from 
one precinct, ward or other election district to another in this 
State shall not operate to deprive any person of the right to vote 



CoxsiTiiri :n 65 

in the precinct, ward or otlier election district from wiiich such 
person has removed until thirty days after such removal. No 
person who has been convicted, or who has confessed his guilt in 
open court upon indictment, of any crime the punishment of which 
now is, or may hereafter be, imprisonment in the State's Prison, 
shall be permitted to vote unless the said person shall l)e first 
restored to citizenship in the manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. Voters to he registered. Every person offering' to vote 
shall be at the time a legally registered voter as herein prescribed, 
and in the manner hereafter provided by law, and the General 
Assembly of North Carolina shall enact general registration laws 
to carry into effect the provisions of this article. 

Sec. 4. Qudliijcation for renistratio)!. Every person presenting 
himself for registration shall be able to read and write any section 
of the Constitution in the English language. But no male person 
who was, on January 1, 1867, or at any time prior thereto, entitled 
to vote under the laws of any State in the United States wherein 
he then resided, and no lineal descendant of any such prson, shall 
be denied the right to register and vote at any election in this 
State by reason of his failure to possess the educational qualifica- 
tious herein prescribed: Provided, he shall have registered in ac- 
cordance with the terms of this section prior to December 1, 1908. 
The General Assembly shall provide for the registration of all 
persons entitled to vote without the educational (pialifications 
herein prescribed, and shall, on or before November 1, 1908, pro- 
vide for the making of a permanent record of such registration, 
and all persons so registered shall forever thereafter have the 
right to vote in all elections by the people in this State, unless 
disqualified under section 2 of this article. 

Sec. 5. Indirisihle plan; leuishitire intent. That this amendment 
to the Constitution is presented and adopted as one indivisible 
plan for the regulation of the suffrage, with the intent and pur- 
pose to so connect the different parts, and make them so depend- 
ent upon each other, that the whole shall stand or fall together. 

Sec. 6. Eleetions hy j'^ople and General Assevihly. All elections 
by the people shall be by ballot, and all elections by the General 
Assembly shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 7. Eliyihility to office; official oath. Every voter in North 
Carolina except as in this article disqualified, shall be eligible to 



66 XdlMII ('\i;nl.I.\A Ma.mai. 

office, l)ii( hcforo entering upon the duties of the office, he shall 
take and subscribe the following oath: 

"I. - - . do solemnly sweai- (or affirm) ihur I 

will support and maintain the Constitution and laws of the United 
States, and the Constitution and laws of North Carolina not in- 
consistent therewith, and that 1 will faithfully discharge the duties 
of my oft'ice as .So help me, God." 

Sec. S. J)is(iiiiiliti( (ttidii far olficc. The lollowing classes of per- 
sons shall be disqualified for oft'ice: tirst, all persons who shall 
deny the being of Almighty God. Second, all persons who shall 
have been convicted or confessed their guilt on indictment pend- 
ing, and whether sentenced or not, or under judgment suspended, 
of any treason or felony, or of any other crime for which ihe 
punishment may be imprisonment in the penitentiary, since be- 
coming citizens of the United States, or of corruption or mal- 
practice in oft'ice, unless such person shall be restored to the riuhts 
of citizenship in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. When fliis chapter (Jijeratire. That this amendment to 
the Constitution shall go into eftect on the tirst day of July, nine- 
teen hundred and two, if a majority of votes cast at the next 
general election shall be cast in favor of this suffrage amendment. 

ARTICLE VII 

MUNICIPAL COlU'Or.ATIOXS 

Section 1. Coiinfi/ officers. In each county there shall be elected 
biennially by the qualified voters thereof, as provided for the elec- 
tion of members of the General Assembly, the following officers: 
A treasurer, register of deeds, surveyor, and five commissioners. 
(Under authority of the Public Laws of 1935, c. 362, s. 13. pro- 
vision was made for the quadrennial election of registers of deeds, 
certain counties being exempted.) 

Sec. 2. Duty of county coin )n i.ssioncr.s. It shall be the duiy of 
the commissioners to exei'cise a general supervision and control 
of the penal and charitable institutions, schools, roads, bridges, 
levying of taxes, and finances of the county, as may be prescribed 
by law. The register of deeds shall be ex officio clerk of the board 
of commissioners. 

Sec. 3. Counties to lie divided into districts. It shall be the 
duty of the commissioners first elected in each county to divide 



COASTITUTIOX 67 

the same into convenient districts, to determine the boundaries and 
prescribe the name of the said districts, and to report the same 
to the General Assembly before the first day of January, 1869. 

Sec. 4. Townships have corporate poirers. Upon the approval 
of the reports provided for in the foregoing section by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, the said districts shall have corporate powers for 
the necessary purposes of local government, and shall be known 
as townships. 

Sec. o. Officers of t(jinis]iips. In each township there shall be 
biennially elected, by the qualified voters thereof, a clerk and two 
justices of the peace, who shall constitute a board of trustees, 
and shall, under the supervision of the county commissioners, have 
control of the taxes and finances, roads and bridges of the town- 
ships, as may be prescribed by \a\v. The General Assembly may 
provide for the election of a larger number of justices of the peace 
in cities and towns, and in those townships in which cities and 
towns are situated. In every township there shall also be bienially 
elected a school committee, consisting of three persons, whose duty 
shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 6. Trustees shall assess property. The township board of 
trustees shall assess the taxable property of their townships and 
make return to the county commissioners for revision, as may 
be prescribed by law. The clerk shall be, ex officio, treasurer of 
the township. 

Sec. 7. No rleht or loan except hy a majority of voters. No 
county, city, town, or other municipal corporation shall contract 
any debt, pledge its faith or loan its credit, nor shall any tax 
be levied or collected by any officers of the same except for the 
necessary expenses thereof, unless approved by a majority of 
those who shall vote there on in any election held for such pur- 
pose. 

Sec. S. No jiioiiey draivn except hy laiv. No money shall be 
drawn from any county or township treasury, except by authority 
of law. 

Sec. f). When officers enter on duty. The county officers lirst 
elected under the provisions of this article shall enter upon their 
duties ten days after the approval of this Constitution ])y the 
Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 10. (iovernor to appoint justices. The Governor shall 
appoint a sufficient number of justices of the peace in each county, 



68 XoKiii C\i;(ii.l\A Ma MA I, 

wild shall hold their places until sections four. fiA'e. and six of 
this article shall have heen carried into effect. 

Sec. 11. Charters to remain in force until leynlh/ dittnyed. All 
charters, ordinances, and provisions relating to municipal cor- 
porations shall remain in force until legally changed, unless in- 
consistent with the provisions of this Constitution. 

Sec. 12. Debts in aid of the rebellion not to be ixiid. Xo county. 
city. town, or other municipal corporation shall assume or pay. 
nor shall any tax be levied or collected for the payment of any 
debt, or the interest upon any debt, contracted directly or indirectly 
in aid or support of the rebellion. 

Sec. 18. Powers of General Assembly over vumicipal corpora- 
tions. The General Assembly shall have full power by statute to 
modify, change, or abrogate any and all of the provisions of this 
aiticle. and substitute others in their place, except sections seven, 
nine and thirteen. 

ARTICLE VIII 

COKPOUATIO.NS OTHER THAN MXXICIPAL 

Section 1. Corporations under general laics. Xo corporation 
shall be created, nor shall its charter be extended, altered, or 
amended by special act, except corporations for charitable, educa- 
tional, penal, or reformatory purposes that are to be and remain 
under the patronage and control of the State; but the General 
Assembly shall provide by general law-s for the chartering and 
organization of all corporations, and for amending, extending, and 
forfeiture of all charters, except those above permitted by special 
act. All such general laws and special acts may be altered from 
time to time or repealed; and the General Assembly may at any 
time by special act repeal the charter of any corporation. 

Sec. 2. Debts of corporations, how secured. Dues from corpora- 
tions shall be secured by such individual liabilities of the corpora- 
tions, and other means, as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. What corporations shall include. The term "corporation" 
as used in this article, shall be construed to include all associa- 
tions and .joint-stock companies having any of the powers and 
privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or part- 
nerships. And all corporations shall have the right to sue, and 
shall be subject to be sued, in all courts, in like cases as natural 
persons. 



CoXSTITlTION 69 

Sec. 4. Legislature to ijroride for organizing cities, totvns. etc. 
It shall be the duty of the Legislatui-e to provide by general laws 
I'oi' the organization of cities, towns, and incorporated villages, 
and to restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing 
money, contracting debts, and loaning their credit, so as to prevent 
abuses in assessment and in contracting debts by such municipal 
corporations. 

ARTICLE IX 

EDUCATION 

Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. Religion, morality, 
and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happi- 
ness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever 
be encouraged. 

Sec. 2. General Assembly shall provide for schools; separation 
of the races. The General Assembly, at its first session under this 
Constitution, shall provide by taxation and otherwise for a general 
and uniform system of public s(^hools, wherein tuition shall be 
free of charge to all the children of the State between the ages of 
six and twenty-one years. And the children of the white race and 
the children of the colored race shall be taught in separate public 
schools; but there shall be do discrimination in favoi' of. or to the 
prejudice of, either race. 

Sec. 3. Counties to be divided into districts. Each county of the 
State shall be divided into a convenient number of districts, in 
which one or more public schools shall be maintained at least six 
months in every year; and if the commissioners of any county 
shall fail to comply with the aforesaid requirements of this sec- 
tion, they shall be liable to indictment. 

Sec. 4. What property devoted to educational purposes. The 
proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted 
by the United States to this State, and not otherwise appropriated 
by this State or the United States; also all moneys, stocks, bonds, 
and other property now belonging to any State fund for purposes 
of education; also the net proceeds of all sales of the swamp lands 
belonging to the State, and all other grants, gifts or devises that 
have been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not other- 
wise appropriated by the State, or by the terms of the grant, gift 



70 Xni; I II (' Al;n| | \ \ .M A \ I \l, 

or devise, shall be paid into the State Treasury, and, together with 
so nuu'h of th(^ ordiiiai'v revenue of the State as may be by law 
set apait for- tluit puipose, shall be faithfully appropriated for 
establishing and maintaining in this State a system of free pub- 
lic schools, and for no other uses or pui'poses whatsoever. 

Sec. 5. Count 1/ school juii'J: prori.so. All money, stocks, bonds, 
and other property belonging to a county school fund; also the 
net proceeds from the sale of estrays; also the clear proceeds of 
all penalties and foi-feltures and of all fines collected in the several 
counties for any breach of the penal or military laws of the State; 
and all moneys which shall be paid by persons as an equivalent for 
exemption from military duty shall belong to and remain in the 
several counties, and shall be faithfully appropriated for estab- 
lishing and maintaining free public schools in the several coun- 
ties of this State: Pi-ovided. that the amount collected in each 
county shall be annually reported to the Superintendent of Public 
Instruction. 

Sec. G. Election of trustees, and provisions for maintenance, of 
the University. The General Assembly shall have power to pro- 
vide for the election of trustees of the University of North Caro- 
lina, in whom, when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, 
rights, franchises and endowments thereof in any wise granted to 
or conferred upon the trustees of said University; and the Gen- 
eral Assembly may make such provisions, laws, and regulations 
from time to time, as may be necessary and expedient for the 
maintenance and management of said University. 

Sec. 7. Benefits of the University. The General Assembly shall 
provide that the benefits of the University, as far as practicable, 
be extended to the youth of the State free of expense for tuition; 
also, that all the property which has heretofore accrued to the 
State, or shall hereafter accrue, from escheats, unclaimed divi- 
dends, or distributive shares of the estates of deceased persons, 
shall be appropriated to the use of the University. 

Sec. 8. State Board of Education. The general supervision and 
administration of the free public school system, and of the edu- 
cational funds provided for the support thereof, except those 
mentioned in Section five of this Article, shall, from and after 
the first day of April, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five, 
be vested in the State Board of Education to consist of the Lieu- 
tenant-Governor, State Treasurer, the Superintendent of Public 



CONSTITXTIOX 71 

Instruction, and ten members to be appointed by the Governor, 
subject to confirmation by the General Assembly in joint session. 
The General Assembly shall divide the State into eight educational 
districts, which may be altered from time to time by the General 
Assembly. Of the appointive members of the State Board of Edu- 
cation, one shall be appointed from each of the eight educational 
districts, and two shall be appointed as members at large. The first 
appointments under this section shall be: Two members appointed 
from educational districts for terms of two years; two members 
appointed from educational districts for terms of four years; two 
members appointed from educational districts for terms of six 
years; and two members appointed from educational districts for 
terms of eight years. One member at large shall be appointed 
for a period of four years and one member at large shall be 
appointed for a period of eight years. All subsequent appoint- 
ments shall be for terms of eight years. Any appointments to fill 
vacancies shall be made by the Governor for the unexpired term, 
which appointments shall not be subject to confirmation. The 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be the adminis- 
trative head of the public school system and shall be secretary of 
the board. The board shall elect a chairman and vice-chairman. A 
majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the trans- 
action of business. The per diem and expenses of the appointive 
members shall be provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 9. Powers and duties of the hoard. The State Board of 
Education shall succeed to all the powers and trusts of the Presi- 
dent and Directors of The Literary Fund of North Carolina and 
the State Board of Education as heretofore constituted. The State 
Board of Education shall have power to divide the State into a 
convenient number of school districts; to regulate the grade, salary 
and qualifications of teachers, to provide for the selection and 
adoption of the textbooks to be used in the public schools; to 
apportion and equalize the public school funds over the State; 
and generally to supervise and administer the free public school 
system of the State and make all needful rules and regulations 
in relation thereto. All the powers enumerated in this section shall 
be exercised in conformity with this Constitution and subject to 
such laws as may be enacted from time to time by the General 
Assembly. 



72 Xoiiiii Cahoi.i.na Mamai, 

Sec. 10. A<iri(i(Uiir(il tU'iiarl iiii'Ht. As socn as practicable after 
the adoption of this Constitution, the General Assembly shal 
establish and maintain, in connection with the University, a de- 
partment of agriculture, of mechanics, of mining, and of normal 
instruction. 

Sec. 11. Chilch-en must affend school. The General Assembly is 
hereby empowered to enact that every child, of sufficient mental 
and physical ability, shall attend the public schools during the 
period between tlie ages of six and eighteen years, for a term of 
not less than sixteen months, unless educated by other means. 

Sec. 12. Education expense (/rants and local option. Notwith- 
standing any otlier provision of this Constitution, the General 
Assembly may provide for payment of education expense grant; 
from any State or local public funds for the private education of 
any child for whom no public school is available or for the private 
education of a child who is assigned against the wishes of his 
parent, or the person having control of such child, to a public 
school attended by a child of another race. A grant shall be avail- 
able only for education in a nonsectarian school, and in the case 
of a child assigned to a public school attended by a child of another 
race, a grant shall, in addition, be available only when it is not 
reasonable and practicable to reassign such child to a public school 
not attended by a child of another race. 

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the 
General Assembly may provide for a uniform system of local option 
whereby any local option unit, as defined by the General Assembly. 
may choose by a majority vote of the qualified voters in the unit 
who vote on tlie question to suspend or to authorize the suspension 
of the operation of one or more or all of the public schools in that 
unit. 

No action taken pursuant to the authority of this Section shall 
in any manner affect the obligation of the State or any political 
subdivision or agency thereof with respect to any indebtedness 
heretofore or hereafter created. 

ARTICLE X 

HOMESTEADS AXD EXEMPTIONS 

Section 1. Exemptions of personal property. The personal prop- 
erty of any resident of this State, to the value of five hundred 
dollars, to be selected by such resident, shall be and is hereby 



COXSTITUTION 73 

exempted from sale under execution or other final process of any 
court, issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Homestead. Every homestead, and the dwellings and 
buildings used therewith, not exceeding in value one thousano 
dollars, to be selected by the owner thereof, or in lieu thereof, 
at the option of the owner, any lot in a city, town or village with 
the dwellings and buildings used thereon, owned and occupied by 
any resident of this State, and not exceeding the value of one 
thousand dollars, shall be exempt from sale under execution or 
other final process obtained on any debt. But no property shall be 
exempt from sale for taxes, or for payment of obligations con- 
tracted for the purchase of said premises. 

Sec. 3. Homestead exemption from debt. The homestead, after 
the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment 
of any debt during the minority of his children, or any of them. 

Sec. 4. Laborer's Hen. The provisions of sections one and two 
of this article shall not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's 
lien for work done and performed for the person claiming such 
exemption, or a mechanic's lien for work done on the premises. 

Sec. 5. Benefit of u-idoic. If the owner of a homestead die, 
leaving a widow but no children, the same shall be exempt from 
the debts of her husband, and the rents and profits thereof shall 
inure to her benefit during her widowhood, unless she be the owner 
of a homestead in her own right. 

Sec. 6. Property of married uoinen secured to them. The real 
and personal property of any female in this State acquired before 
marriage, and all property, real and personal, to which she may, 
after marriage, become in any manner entitled, shall be and re- 
main the sole and separate estate and property of such female, 
and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations, or engagements of 
her husband, and may be devised and bequeathed, and, with the 
written assent of her husband, conveyed by her as if she were 
unmarried. Every married woman may exercise powers of attorney 
conferred upon her by her husband, including the power to execute 
and acknowledge deeds to property owned by her or by her.-elf 
and her husband or by her husband. 

Sec. 7. Husband may insure his life for the benefit of icife and 
children. The husband may insure his own life for the sole use 
and benefit of his wife and children, and in case of the death 
of the husband the amount thus insured shall be paid over to the 



74 Noiii 11 Cakoi.i.na Mam ai, 

wife and children, or to the guardian, if under age, fur her or 
their own use. free from all claims of the representatives of her 
husband, or any of his creditors. And tlie policy shall not be sub- 
ject to claims of creditors of the insured during the life of the 
insured, if the insurance issued is for the sole use and benefit of 
the wife and/or children. 

Sec. S. Iloir deed for homestead iiuiy lie )ii<ide. Nothing con- 
tained in the foregoing sections of this article shall operate to 
prevent the owner of a homestead from disposing of the same by 
deed; but no deed made by the owner of a homestead shall be 
valid without the signature and acknowledgment of his wife. 

ARTICLE XI 

Pl'MSHMENTS. PKXAL I.\ STITrTIO.X S, AND 1M15LIC CHARITIES 

Section 1. PuuisJiDieuts : conriit hilior : proviso. The following 
punishments only shall be known to the laws of this State, viz: 
death, imprisonment with or without hard labor, fines, removal 
from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of 
honor, trust, or profit under this State. The foregoing provision 
for imprisonment with hard labor shall be construed to authorize 
the employment of such convict labor on public works or high- 
ways, or other labor for public benefit, and the farming out thereof. 
where and in such manner as may be provided by law; but 
no convict shall be farmed out who has been sentenced on a 
charge of murder, manslaughter, rape, attempt to commit rape. 
or arson ; Provided, that no convict whose labor may be farmed 
out shall be punished for any failure of duty as a laborer, except 
by a responsible officer of the State; but the convicts so farmed 
out shall be at all times under the supervision and control, as to 
their government and discipline, of the penitentiary board or some 
officer of this State. 

Sec. 2. Death punishment. The object of punishments being 
not only to satisfy justice, but also to reform the offender, and 
thus prevent crime, murder, arson, burglary, and rape, and these 
only, may be punisliable with death, if the General Assembly shall 
so enact. 

Sec. 3. Penitentiary. The General Assembly shall, at its first 
meeting, make provision for the erection and conduct of a State's 
prison or penitentiary at some central and accessible point within 
the State. 



CoXiSTITlTIOX 75 

Sec. 4. Houses of correction. The General Assembly may pro- 
vide for the erection of houses of correction, where vagrants and 
persons guilty of misdemeanors shall be restrained and usefully 
employed. 

Sec. .5. Houses of refuge. A house or houses of refuge may be 
established whenever the public interests may require it, for the 
correction and instruction of other classes of offenders. 

Sec. 6. The sexes are to he separated. It shall be required, by 
competent legislation, that the structure and superintendence of 
penal institutions of the State, the county jails, and city police 
prisons secure the health and comfort of the prisoners and that 
male and female prisoners be never confined in the same room or 
cell. 

Sec. 7. Provision for the poor and orphans. Beneficent provi- 
sions for the poor, the unfortunate and orphan, being one of the 
first duties of a civilized and Christian state, the General Assem- 
bly shall, at its first session, appoint and define the duties of a 
board of public charities, to whom shall be entrusted the super- 
vision of all charitable and penal State institutions, and who shall 
annually report to the Governor upon their condition, with sug- 
gestions for their improvement. 

Sec. 8. Orphan houses. There shall also, as soon as practicable, 
be measures devised by the State for the establishment of one 
or more orphan houses, where destitute orphans may be cared 
for, educated, and taught some business or trade. 

Sec. 9. Inebriates and idiots. It shall be the duty of the Legis- 
lature, as soon as practicable, to devise means for the education 
of idiots and inebriates. 

Sec. 10. Deaf-mutes, blind, and insane. The General Assembly 
may provide that the indigent deaf-mute, blind, and insane of the 
State shall be cared for at the charge of the State. 

Sec. 11. Self-supporting. It shall be steadily kept in view by 
the Legislature and the Board of Public Charities that all penal 
and charitable institutions should be made as nearly self-support- 
ing as is consistent with the purposes of their creation. 

ARTICLE XII 

MILITI.S. 

Section 1. Who are liable to militia duty. All able-bodied 
male citizens of the State of North Carolina, between the ages of 



76 XoiMii Cakoi.ixa Mamal 

twenty-one and forty years, who are citizens of the United States, 
shall he liable to duty in the militia: Provided, that all persons 
who may he averse to hearing arms, from religious scruples, snail 
be exempt therefrom. 

Sec. 2. Driianizing. etc. The General Assembly shall provide for 
the organizing, arming, equipping, and discipline of the militia, 
and for paying the same, when called into active service. 

Sec. 3. Governor conunnnder-in-vhief. The Governor shall be 
commander-in-chief, and shall have povv^er to call out the militia 
to execute the law, suppress riots or insurrections, and to repel 
invasion. 

Sec. 4. Exemptions. The General Assembly shall have power to 
make such exemptions as may be deemed necessary, and to enact 
laws that may be expedient for the government of the militia. 

ARTICLE XIII 

AMENDMENTS 

Section 1. Vonvention. how called. No convention of the people 
of this State shall ever be called by the General Assembly unless 
by the concurrence of two-thirds of all of the members of each 
House of the General Assembly, and except the propnsition, con- 
vention or no convention, be first submitted to the qualified voters 
of the whole State, at the next general election, in a manner to 
be prescribed by law. And should a majority of the votes cast be 
in favor of said convention, it shall assemble on such day as may 
be prescribed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 2. How the Constitution may be altered. No part of the 
Constitution of this State shall be altered unless a bill to alter 
the same shall have been agreed to by three-fifths of each House 
of the General Assembly. And the amendment or amendments so 
agreed to shall be submitted at the next general election to the 
qualified voters of the whole State, in such manner as may be 
prescribed by law. And in the event of their adoption by a 
majority of the votes cast, such amendment or amendments shall 
become a part of the Constitution of this State. 

ARTICLE XIV 

IMISCELLANEOrS 

Section 1. Indictments. All indictments which shall have been 
found, or may hereafter be found, for anv crime or offense com- 



COXSTITT'TION 77 

mitted before this Constitution takes effect, may be proceeded upon 
in tlie proper courts, but no punishment shall be inflicted which is 
forbidden by this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. No person who shall hereafter 
fight a duel, or assist in the same as a second, or send, accept, or 
knowingly carry a challenge therefor, or agree to go out of the 
State to fight a duel, shall hold any office in this State. 

Sec. 3. Draicing money. No money shall be drawn from the 
Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and 
an accurate account of the receipts and expenditures of the public 
money shall be annually published. 

Sec. 4. Mechanic's lien. The General Assembly shall provide, by 
proper legislation, for giving to mechanics and laborers an ade- 
quate lien on the subject-matter of their labor. 

Sec. 5. Governor to make a i)i) ointments. In the absence of any 
contrary provision, all officers of this State, whether heretofore 
elected or appointed by the Governor, shall hold their positions 
only until other appointments are made by the Governor, or, if 
the officers are elective, until their successors shall have been 
chosen and duly qualified according to the provisions of this 
Constitution. 

Sec. 6. Seat of government. The seat of government in this State 
shall remain at the city of Raleigh. 

Sec. 7. Holding office. No person who shall hold any office or 
place of trust or profit under the United States, or any depart- 
ment thereof, or under this State, or under any other state or 
government, shall hold or exercise any other office or place of 
trust or profit under the authority of this State, or be eligible to 
a seat in either House of the General Assembly: Provided, that 
nothing herein contained shall extend to officers in the militia, 
notaries public, justices of the peace, commissioners of public 
charities, or commissioners for special purposes. 

Sec. 8. Intermarriage of ichites and Negroes prohibited. All 
marriages between a white person and a Negro, or between a 
white person and a person of Negro descent to the third genera- 
tion, inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited. 




r^i i : 

II ^^>x 1/ 




THE AMERICAN'S CREED 

I believe in the United States of America, as a government ot 
tlie people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are 
derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a re- 
public; a sovereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect 
union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of 
freedom, equality, justice and humanity for which American 
patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it 
is my duty to my country to love it. to support its constitution, 
to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all 
enemies. 

(The American's Creed by William Tyler Page was adopted by 
an act of Congress, April 6, 1918.) 

THE AMERICAN FLAG, ITS ORIGIN 

In 177"), the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse carried a stand- 
ard with thirteen alternate blue and silver stripes in the upper 
left-hand corner. At Cambridge on January 2, 1776, Washington 
without authorization of the Continental Congress raised a flag 
consisting of thirteen alternate white and red stripes with the 
crosses of St. George and St. Andrew in a blue field in the upper 
left-hand corner. It was called the "Union Flag," "Grand Union 
Flag," and the "Continental Flag," and was employed until dis- 
placed by the Stars and Stripes adopted by the Continental Con- 
gress. 

The beautiful tradition that Betsy Ross, as early as June 1776, 
made a Stars and Stripes flag from a pencil sketch supplied by 
Washington but changed the points of the stars from six to five, 
has become a classic. Historians doubt its accuracy. Half a dozen 
localities claim to have been the place where the Stars and Stripes 
was first used. Within New York State such contention has been 
for Fort Ann on July 8, Fort Stanwix on August 3, Bennington 
on August 13, and Saratoga on September 19, 1777. The flag with 
thirteen stripes and thirteen stars, authorized on June 14, 1777, 
continued to be used as the national emblem until Congress passed 
the following act, which President Washington signed: 

"That from and after May 1, 179.5. the flag of the United States 
be fifteen stripes, alternate red and white; and that the union be 
fifteen stars, white in a blue field." 

81 



82 North Carolina Manual 

This action was necessitated by the admission of the States of 
Vermont and Kentucky to the Union. 

The flas of 1795 had the stars arranged in three rows of five 
each instead of in a circle, and served for 23 years. 

With the admission of more new states, however, it became 
apparent that the 1795 flag would have to be further modified; 
hence in 1818 a law was passed by Congress providing: 

"That from and after the fourth day of July next, the flag 
of the United States be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red 
and white; that the union have twenty stars, white in a blue field. 

"That on the admission of every new state into the Union, one 
star be added to the union of the flag; and that such addition 
shall take effect on the Fourth of July next succeeding such 
admission." 

Since 1818 additional stars have been added until today there 
are 48 on the flag. No law has been passed to designate how the 
stars shall be arranged. At one time they formed a design of a 
larger star. Now by common practice they form six rows of eight 
stars each. 

Betsy Ross, it is now said, lived at 233 Arch Street, Philadelphia, 
and not at 239. She made flags, but says Theodore D. Gottlieb, 
she never made the first Stars and Stripes. He adds: "The Depart- 
ment of States, the War and Navy departments, the Historical Sites 
Commission of Philadelphia and other official bodies repudiate the 
legend. The book and pamphlet material available is overwhelm- 
ingly against the legend. 

"The story arose for the first time on March 14, 1870, when 
William J. Canby read a paper before the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society in which he states that in 1836, when his grandmother, 
Betsy Ross, was 84 years old and he was 11, she told him the 
story. He apparently thought little of it because nothing was done 
until 1857, when at the suggestion of his Aunt Clarissa, oldest 
daughter of Betsy, he wrote out the notes as he remembered the 
conversation. 

"Nothing further was done until 1870 when he wrote his paper. 

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania thought so little of the 

paper it neither catalogued nor kept a copy of it. Even George 

Canby, younger brother of William, disputed several points in the 

paper. 



The American Flag 83 

"The legend grew to strength from 1888 to 1893 when promoters 
secured an option on the so-called Flag House. 

"Modern historical researchers are giving much thought to 
Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey as the possible designer and 
the Fillmore or Bennington flag as the first flag." 

The Proper Display of the American Flag 

Sec. 2. (a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only 
from sunrise to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs 
in the open. However, the flag may be displayed at night upon 
special occasions when it is desired to produce a patriotic effect. 

(b) The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously. 

(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather 
is inclement. 

(d) The flag should be displayed on all days when the weather 
permits, especially on New Year's Day, January 1; Inauguration 
Day, January 20; Lincoln's Birthday, February 12; Washington's 
Birthday, February 22; Army Day, April 6; Easter Sunday (var- 
iable); Mother's Day, second Sunday in May; Memorial Day 
(half staff until noon). May 30; Flag Day, June 14; Independence 
Day, July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Constitution 
Day, September 17; Columbus Day, October 12; Navy Day, Octo- 
ber 27; Armistice Day, November 11; Thanksgiving Day, fourth 
Thursday in November; Christmas Day, December 25; such other 
days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States; 
the birthdays of States (dates of admission); and on State holi- 
days. 

(e) The flag should be displayed daily, weather permitting, on or 
near the main administration building of every public institution. 

(f) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place 
on election days. 

(g) The flag should be displayed during school days in or near 
every schoolkouse. 

Sec. 3. That the flag, when carried in a procession with another 
flag or flags, should be either on the marching right; that is, the 
flag's own right, or, if there is a line of other flags, in front of the 
center of that line. 

(a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade except 
from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i). 



84 Noiri II ('\i;()i.i.\A Mam A I. 

(b) The flag should not be liraped over the hood, top, sides, or 
back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag 
is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to the 
chassis or clamped to the radiator cap. 

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on 
the same level, to the right of the flag of the United States 
of America, except during church services conducted by naval chap- 
lains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above the flag 
during the church services for the personnel of tlie Navy. 

(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is dis- 
played with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should 
be on the right, the flag's own right, and its staff should be in front 
of the staff of the other flag. 

(e) The flag of the United States of America should be at the 
center and at the highest point of the group when a number of 
flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped 
and displayed from staffs. 

(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of 
societies are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United 
States, the latter sliould always be at the peak. When the flags 
are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should 
be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag or pennant may 
be placed above the flag of the United States or to the right of 
the flag of the United States. 

(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are 
to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags 
should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids 
the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation 
in time of peace. 

(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a staff 
projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, bal- 
cony, or front of a building, the union of the flag should be placed 
at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half staff. When the 
flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending from a 
house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should be 
hoisted out, union first, from the building. 

(i) When the flag is displayed otherwise than by being flown 
from a staff, it should be displayed flat, whether indoors or out. 
W^hen displayed either horizontally or vertically against a wall, 
the union should be uppermost and to the flag's own right; that 



The American Flag 85 

is, to the observer's left. When displayed in a window, the flag 
should be displayed in the same way; that is, with the union or 
blue field to the left of the observer in the street. 

(j) Vvhen the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it 
should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an 
east and west street or to the east in the north and south street. 

(k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed 
flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When dis- 
played from a staff in a church or public auditorium, if it is dis- 
played in the chancel of a church, or on the speaker's platform 
in a public auditorium, the flag should occupy the position of honor 
and be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's right as he faces the 
congiegation or audience. Any other flag so displayed in the chancel 
ur on the platform should be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's 
left as he faces the congregation or audience. But when the flag 
is displayed from a staff in a church or public auditorium else- 
where than in the chancel or on the platform it shall be placed 
in the position of honor at the right of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. Any other flag so dis- 
played should be placed on the left of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. 

(1) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony 
of unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never be used 
as the covering for the statue or monument. 

( m ) The flag, when flown at half-staff, should be first hoisted 
to the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff posi- 
tion. The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is low- 
ered for the day. By "half-taff" is meant hauling the flag to one- 
half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff. Crepe 
streamers may be affixed to spear heads or flagstaff's in a parade 
only by order of the President of the United States. 

(n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so 
placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. The 
flag should not be lowered into the grave nor allowed to touch the 
ground. 

Sec. 4. That no disrespect should be shown to the flag of the 
United States of America; the flag should not be dippad to any 
person or thing. Regimental colors. State flags, and organizations 
cr institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor. 



86 NoKiii Caijoi.ixa Mani'ai, 

(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down 
save as a signal of dire distress. 

(b) The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as 
the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise. 

(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizsntally, but 
always aloft and free. 

(d) The flag should never be used as drapery of any sort what- 
soever, never festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always 
allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white, and red, always ar- 
ranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red 
below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping the 
front of a platform, and for decoration in general. 

(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored 
in such a manner as will permit it to be easily torn, soiled, or 
damaged in any way. 

(f ) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling. 

(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on part of 
it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, de- 
sign, picture, or drawing of any nature. 

(h) The flag should never be used as a receptable for receiving, 
holding, carrying, or delivering anything. 

(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in 
any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such 
articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or other- 
wise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that is de- 
signed for temporary use and discard; or used as any portion of a 
costume or athletic uniform. Advertising signs should not be fas- 
tened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown. 

(j) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a 
fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, 
preferably by burning. 

Sec. 5. That during the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the 
flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or iu a review, all 
persons present should face the flag, stand at attention, and salute. 
Those present in uniform should render the right-hand snlute. 
When not in uniform, men should remove the headdress with the 
right hand holding it at the left shoulder, the hand being over 
the heart. Men without hats merely stand at attention. Women 
should salute by placing the right hand over the heart. The salute 



The American Flag 87 

to the flag in the moving column should be rendered at the moment 
the flag passes. 

Sec. 6. That when the national anthem is played and the flag 
is not displayed, all present should stand and face toward the music. 
Those in uniform should salute at the first note of the anthem, 
retaining this position until the last note. All others stand at at- 
tention, men removing the headdress. When the flag is displayed, 
the salute to the flag should be given. 

Sec. 7. That the pledge of allegiance to the flag, "I pledge al- 
legiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the 
Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, 
with liberty and justice for all." be rendered by standing with the 
right hand over the heart: extending the hight hand, palm upward, 
toward the flag at the words "to the flag" and holding this position 
until the end, when the hand drops to the side. However, civilians 
will always show full respect to the flag when the pledge is given 
by merely standing at attention, men removing the headdress. Per- 
sons in uniform shall render the military salute. 

Sec. 8. Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag 
of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, 
mcdifled, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may 
be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy 
of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or 
desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set 
forth in a proclamation. 

The Pledge to the Flag 

(Taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily) 

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, 
And to the Republic for which it stands. 
One Nation under God, indivisible, 
With liberty and justice for all." 

The Pledge to the Flag, according to a report of the Historical 
Committee of the United States Flag Association (May 18, 1939), 
was written by Francis Bellamy (August 1892), a member of the 
editorial staff of The Youth's Companion, in Boston, Massachu- 
setts. It was first repeated at the exercises in connection with 



88 XciiMii Cahoi.i.na Mam ai, 

the celebration of Columbus Day (October II^. 18;t2. Old Style). 
The idea of this national celebration on Columbus Day was largely 
that of .James B. IJpham. one of the junior proprietors of The 
Youth's Companion . 

Francis Hopkinson. a signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
was the designer of the Stars and Stripes — not Betsy Ross of 
Philadelphia, who made flags. He also designed the first Great 
Seal of the United States, and a number of coins and several items 
of paper currency in the early days of the Republic. 

Hopkinson, born in Philadelphia (September 21, 1737). and a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, was the first native 
American composer of a secular song, "My Days Have Been So 
Wondrous Free." He was a lawyer and later a judge in New Jersey 
and then In Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia (May 9. 1791). 
His portrait, painted by himself, hangs in the rooms of the Penn- 
sylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia. He played the organ and 
the harpsichord. 



THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON 

The Capitol building in Weshington, D. C, is situated on a 
plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River and covers 
an area of 153,112 square feet, or approximately three and one- 
half acres. Its length, from north to south, is 751 feet, four inches; 
its width, including approaches, is 350 feet; and its location is 
described as being in latitude 38°53'20.4" N. and longitude 
70°00'35.7" W. from Greenwich. Its height above the base line on 
the east front to the top of the Statue of Freedom is 287 feet, 
five and one-half inches. The dome is built of iron, and the aggre- 
gate weight of material used in its construction is 8,909,200 pounds. 

The Statue of Freedom surmounting the dome is of bronze and 
weighs 14,985 pounds. It was modeled by Thomas Crawford, 
father of Francis Marion Crawford, the novelist, in Rome, and 
the plaster model shipped to this country. It was cast in bronze 
at the shops of Clark Mills, on the Bladensburg Road, near Wash- 
ington. The cost of the casting and the expenses in coniiection 
were .$20,796.82, and the sculptor was paid $3,000 for the plaster 
model. It was erected and placed in its present position December 
2, 1863. 

The grounds have had an area of 58.8 acres, at one time a part 
of Cern Abby Manor, and at an early date were occupied by a 
subtribe of the Algonquin Indians known as the Powhatans, whose 
council hcuse was then located at the foot of the hill. By sub- 
sequent purchase of ground at the North of the Capitol and at 
the west of the new House Office building the area of the grounds 
has been increased to 139^2 acres. 

The Rotunda is 97 feet 6 inches in diameter, and its height from 
the floor to the top of the canopy is ISO feet, 3 inches. 

The Senate Chamber is 113 feet, 3 inches, in length by 80 feet, 
3 inches, in width and 36 feet in height. The galleries will ac- 
commodate 682 persons. 

The Representatives' Hall is 139 feet in length by 93 feet in width 
and 36 feet in height. 

The room, until 1935 the meeting place of the Supreme Court, 
was, until 1859, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to that 
time the court occupied the room immediately beneath, now used 
as a law library. 

89 



90 North Carolina Manual 

The Cai)itol has a floor area of 14 acres, and 430 rooms are de- 
voted to office, committee, and storage purposes. There are 14,518 
square feet of skylights. 679 windows, and 550 doorways. 

The dome receives light through 108 windows, and from the 
architect's office to the dome there are 365 steps, one for each day 
of the year. 

The southeast cornerstone of the original building was laid Sep- 
tember 18, 1793, by President Washington, with Masonic cere- 
monies. It is constructed of sandstone from quarries on Aquia 
Creek, Va. The original designs were prepared by Dr. William 
Thornton, and the work was done under the direction of Stephen 
H. Hallet, James Hoban. George Hadfield, and B. H. Latrobe, 
architects. 

The north wing was finished in 1800 and the south wing in 1811. 
A wooden passageway connected them. On August 24, 1814, the 
interior of both wings was destroyed by fire, set by the British. 
The damage to the building was immediately repaired. 

In 1818 the central portion of the building was commenced 
under the architectural superintendence of Charles Bullfinch. The 
original building was finally completed in 1827. Its cost, including 
the grading of the grounds, alterations, and repairs, up to 1827, was 
$2,433,844.13. 

The cornerstone of the extensions was laid on the Fourth of 
July, 1851, by President Fillmore, Daniel Webster officiating as 
orator. This work was prosecuted under the architectural direction 
of Thomas U. Walter until 1865. when he resigned, and it was 
completed under the supervision of Edward Clark. The material 
used in the walls is white marble from the quarries of Lee, Massa- 
chusetts, and that in the columns from the quarries of Cokeysville, 
Maryland. The House extension was first occupied for legislative 
purposes December 16, 1857, and the Senate January 4, 1859. 

The House office building was begun in 1905 and occupied on 
January 10, 1908; later a story on top was added. The Senate office 
building was started in 1906 and occupied on March 5, 1909. The 
House building cost, with site, $4,860,155; the Senate structure, 
$5,019,251. 

Among the paintings in the Capitol are: 

In Rotunda: Signing of the Declaration of Independence, Sur- 
render of General Burgoyne, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at 



The National Capitol 91 

Yorktown, Va., George Washington Resigning His Commission as 
Commander in Chief of the Army, all hy John Trumbull. 

Baptism of Pocahontas, by John G. Chapman; Landing of Co- 
lumbus, by John Vanderlyn; Discovery of the Mississippi River 
by DeSoto, by William H. Powell; Embarkation of the Pilgrims, 
by Robert W. Weir. 

In House Wing: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, 
by Emanuel Leutze; First Reading of the Emancipation Proclama- 
tion, by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. 

In Senate Wing: Battle of Lake Erie, by William H. Powell: 
Battle of Chapultepec, by James Walker. 



THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

(Unaiiiiiiously Adopted in Congress, July 4. ITTt!. at Philadelphia) 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for 
one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected 
them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, 
the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and 
of Nature's God entitles them, a decent respect to the opinions of 
mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel 
them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created 
equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain in- 
alienable Rights; that among these are Life, Liberty and the pur- 
suit of Happiness. That, to secure these rights. Governments are 
instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed; That, whenever any Form of Government becomes 
destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter 
or to abolish it. and to institute new Government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such forms, 
as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happi- 
ness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long estab- 
lished should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, 
accordingly, all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more 
disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right them- 
selves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably 
the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute 
Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Gov- 
ernment, and to provide new Guards for their future security. 
Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies, and such 
is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former 
Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great 
Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all hav- 
ing in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over 
these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid 
world. 

He has refused his assent to Laws, the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

92 



Declaration of Independence 93 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and 
pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his 
Assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly 
neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of 
large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the 
right of Representation in the Legislature — a right inestimable to 
them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, un- 
comfortable and distant from the depository of their public Rec- 
ords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with 
his measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing 
with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause 
others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, Incapable of 
Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exer- 
cise; the State remaining, in the meantime, exposed to all the 
dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States for 
that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreign- 
ers; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, 
and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing 
his assent to laws for establisliing Judiciary Powers. 

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure 
of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither 
swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their sub- 
stance. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace. Standing Armies with- 
out the Consent of our Legislature. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of, and superior 
to, the Civil power. 

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction 
foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; 
giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: 

For (|uartering large bodies of armed troops among us; 



94 NouTii rvKor.iXA Mant'Al 

For ])iutectiiig tlifin. by a mock Trial, from punishment for any 
Murders wliicli they should commit on the inhabitants of these 
Stales: 

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: 

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 

For depriving us. in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by 
jury: 

For transporting us beyond Seas, to be tried for pretended 
offenses: 

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbor- 
ing Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and 
enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an exemple 
and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these 
Colonies: 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable 
Laws, and altering fundamentally, the Forms of our Governments: 
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves 
invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his 
Protection and waging War against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, 
and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mer- 
cenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, 
already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely 
paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the 
Head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-Citziens. taken captive on the 
high Seas, to bear Arms against their Country, to become the exe- 
cutioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by 
their Hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has en- 
deavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merci- 
less Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undis- 
tinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. 

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Re- 
dress in the most humble terms; Our repeated Petitions have been 
answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is 
thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to 
be the ruler of a free people. 



Declaratiox of Independence 95 

Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren. 
We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their 
legislature to extend an unwarrantable jursidiotion over us. We 
have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and 
settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and 
magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our com- 
mon kindred to disavow these usurpations, which inevitably inter- 
rupt our connections with correspondence. They, too, have been deaf 
to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, 
acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and 
hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind — Enemies in War. in 
Peace Friends. 

We, Thekeeoke, the Representatives of the United States of 
America, in Genei'al Congress Assembled; appealing to the Su- 
preme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, 
in the Name and by authority of the good People of these Colonies, 
solemnly publish and declare. That these United Colonies are, and 
of Right ought to be free and independent States; that they are 
Absolved from All Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all 
political connection between them and the State of Great Britain 
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as Free and Inde- 
IJendent States, they have full power to levy War, conclude Peace, 
contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts 
and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for 
the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the pro- 
tection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other 
our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. 

John Hancock 

Button Gwinnett Edward Kutledge 

Lyman Hall Thos. Heyward, Junr. 

Geo. Walton Thomas Lynch, Junr. 

Wm. Hooper Arthur Middleton 

Joseph Hewes Samuel Chase 

John Penn Wm. Paca 

Thos. Stone Carter Braxton 



96 



NoKI II CAIfdI.l.NA Ma.M'AL 



Chaii(>s Carroll of C'arrollton 

James Wilson 

Geo. Ross 

Caesar Rodney 

Geo. Reed 

Tho. M. Kean 

Win. Floyd 

Phil. Livingston 

Frans. Lewis 

Lewis Morris 

Riohd. Stockton 

.Ino. Witherspoon 

Fras. Hopkinson 

John Hart 

Abra Clark 

George Wythe 

Richard Henry Lee 

Th. Jefferson 

Benja. Harrison 

Thos. Nelson. Jr. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee 



Roht. Morris 
Benjamin Rush 
Benja. Franklin 
John Morton 
Geo. Clymer 
Jas. Smith 
Geo. Taylor 
Josiah Bartlett 
Wm. Hippie 
Saml. Adams 
John Adams 
Robt. Treat Payne 
Eldridge Gerry 
Step. Hopkins 
William Ellery 
Roger Sherman 
Samuel Huntington 
Wm. Williams 
Oliver Woolcott 
Matthew Thornton 



THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

PKEAAini.E 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, pro- 
vide for the conunon defense, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do 
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 

Article I 

Sectiox 1 — All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested 
in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate 
and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen every second year by the people of the several 
States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications 
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State 
Legislature. 

2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citi- 
zen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among 
the several States which may be included within this Union, ac- 
cording to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by 
adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound 
to service for a term of years and excluding Indians not taxed, 
three-tifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be 
made within three years after the tirst meeting of the Congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of 
Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, 
but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until 
such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire 
shall be entitled to choose 3; Massachusetts, S; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, 1; Connecticut, 5; New York, 6; New 

97 



98 NtiiMii ('Ai;ni i.NA Mam .\r. 

Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 1; Maryland, G: Viri^inia. 
10: North Carolina, .5; South Carolina, .5; and Georgia, 3.* 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any State 
the Kxcciitive Authority thereof shall issue writs of election to till 
such vacancies. 

3. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and 
other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Skc. 3 — 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed 
of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature there- 
of for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.t 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence 
of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into 
three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be 
vacated at the expiration of the second year: of the second clash 
at the expiration of the fourth year: and of the third class at the 
expiration of the sixth year, so that cne-third may be chosen every 
second year, and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwisa. 
during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting 
of the Legislature, which shall then till such vacancies. t 

3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United 
States, and who shall not. when elected, be an inhabitant of that 
State for which he shall be chosen. 

4. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of 
the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. 

5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a Presi- 
dent pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he 
shall exercise the Office of President of the United States. 

G. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. 
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. 
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice 
shall preside: and no person shall be convicted without the con- 
currence of two-thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further 
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy 
any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States: but 



*See Article XIV. AnK'iuiments. 
tSee Article XVII, Amendments. 



CoNSTiTniox OF TiiK UxTTEn Statks 99 

the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to 
indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

Sec. 4 — 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections 
for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State 
by the Legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by 
law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of 
choosing Senators. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. 5 — 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, re- 
turns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 
eacli shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller num- 
ber may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under 
such penalties as each House may provide. 

2. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, pun- 
ish its members for disorderly behavior, and. with the concurrence 
of two-thirds, expel a member. 

3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from 
time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in 
their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the 
members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of 
one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. 

4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, witliout 
the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor 
to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be 
sitting. 

Sec. 6. — 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a 
compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid 
out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, 
except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective 
Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for 
any speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned 
in any other place. 

2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil oiTice under the 
authority of the United States which shall have been created, or 



100 NOKTll t'AIJol.I.NA I\Ia.M AI, 

the (Miiohinients whereof shall have been increased during such 
time; and no person holding any office under the United States 
shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office. 

Skc. 7 — 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representa- 
tives and the Senate shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the President of the United States; if he approves, he shall 
sign it. but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that 
House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objec- 
tions at large on thier journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If 
after such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to 
pass the bill, it shall be sent together with the objections, to the 
other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if 
approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But 
in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House re- 
spectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within 
ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, 
unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in 
which case it shall not be a law. 

3. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of 
the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (ex- 
cept on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the Presi- 
dent of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, 
shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him. shall be 
repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, 
according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a 
bill. 

Si;c. 8. The Congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the 
debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of 
the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be 
uniform throughout the United States; 

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United tSates; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the 
several States, and with the Indian tribes; 



Constitution of thk Unitkd States 101 

4. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform 
laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities 
and current coins of the United States; 

7. To establish postoffices and postroads; 

iS. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by secur- 
ing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right 
to their respective writings and discoveries; 

it. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the 
high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money 
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land 
and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed 
in the service of the United States, reserving to tlie States respec- 
tively the appointment of the officers and the authority of training 
the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over 
such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may by cession 
of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the 
seat of Government of the United States, and to exercise like 
authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legisla- 
ture of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of 
forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful build- 
ings: — and 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers 
vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, 
or any department or officer thereof. 



102 Noinii Carolina Mamal 

Skc. 9 — 1. The migration or iiiii)ortation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be 
prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight 
hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such 
importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of tlie writ of habeas corpus shall not be sus- 
pended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public 
safety may require it. 

3. No ])ill of attainder or r.r post facto law shall be passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in 
proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to 
be taken.* 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
State. 

6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce 
or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; nor 
shall vessels bound to, or from, one State be obliged to enter, clear, 
or pay duties in another. 

7. No money shall be diawn from the Treasury but in conse- 
quence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement 
and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money 
shall be published from time to time. 

8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, 
shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, 
emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, 
prince, or foreign state. 

Sec. 10 — 1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; 
emit bills of credit; make anytliing but gold and silver coin a ten- 
der in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder; ex post facto 
law, or law impairing tlie obligation of contracts, or grant any 
title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without tlie consent of the Congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports except what may be abso- 
lutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net pro- 
duce of all duties and imposts, laid my any State on imports or 



*See Article XVI, Anu'udmciits. 



Constitution of the United States 103 

exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; 
and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of 
the Congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty 
of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter 
into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a 
foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in 
such imminent danger as will not admit delay. 

Article II 

Spx'tion 1 — 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a Presi- 
dent of the United States of America. He shall hold his office 
during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice Presi- 
dent, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature 
thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole num- 
ber of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be 
entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative or 
person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States 
shall be appointed an elector. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote 
by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an 
inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make 
a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for 
each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, 
to the seat of the Goveimment of the United States, directed to 
the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Reprsentatives open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The per- 
son having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if 
such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, 
and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representa- 
tives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; 
and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on 
the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. 
But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, 
the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum, 
for this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two- 



104 NoitTii Cai;()1.i.\a Ma.mal 

lliiids (if tile States, and a ina.jdiity of all the States shall be 
necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the Presi- 
dent, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors 
shall be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by 
ballot the Vice President.* 

4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the elec- 
tors and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day 
shall be the same throughout the United States. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the 
United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, 
shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any per- 
son be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the 
age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident within 
the United States. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his 
death, resignation or inability to discharge the powers and duties 
of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, 
and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, 
death, resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice 
President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and 
such officer shall act accordingly until the disability be removed, 
or a President shall be elected. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a 
compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished dur- 
ing the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall 
not receive within that period any other emolument from the 
United States, or any of them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall take 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute 
the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best 
of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of 
the United States." 

Sec. 2 — 1. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the 
Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into the actual service of the United 
States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal 



*This cliuise is superseded h.v Article XII, Aiiieudnieiits. 



CoXSTITfTinX OF THE UNITED STATES 105 

officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject re- 
lating to the duties of their respective offices; and he shall have 
power to grant reprieves, and pardons for offenses against the 
United States, except in cases of impeachment. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators 
present concur; and he shall nominate and, by and with the advice 
and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public 
ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other 
officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein 
otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but 
the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers as they think proper in the President alone, in the courts 
of law, or in the heads of departments. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that 
may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commis- 
sions which shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3 — He shall from time to time give to the Congress infor- 
mation of the State of the Union, and recommend to their consid- 
eration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expendient; 
he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either 
of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to 
the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he 
shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public 
ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, 
and shall commission all the officers of the United States. 

Sec. 4 — The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of 
the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and 
misdemeanors. 

Article III 

Section 1 — The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the 
Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, 
both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices 
during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their 
services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their 
continuance in office. 



106 North Cakoliaa Ma.mai. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law 
and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United 
States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their 
authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime juris- 
diction; — to controversies to which the United States shall be a 
party; — to controversies between two or more States: — between 
a State and citizens of another State; — between citizens of differ- 
ent States; — between citizens of the same State, claiming lands 
under grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and 
consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme 
Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before 
mentioned the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, 
both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such 
regulations as the Congress shall make. 

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall 
be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State where the said 
crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within 
any State the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress 
may by law have directed. 

Sicc. 3 — 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giv- 
ing them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or 
on confession in open court. 

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of 
treason; but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, 
or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. 

Article IV 

Section 1 — Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to 
the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the man- 
ner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, 
and the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



ConstitvtiojV of the United States 107 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other 
crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, 
shall, on demand of the Executive authority of the State from 
which he fled, be delivered up. to be removed to the State having 
jursidiction of the crime. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any 
law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, 
but shall be delivered upon claim of the party to whom such 
service or labor may be due. 

Sec. 3 — 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into 
this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the 
jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the 
junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the con- 
sent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the 
Congress. 

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other 
property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Con- 
stitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the 
United States or of any particular State. 

Sec. 4 — The United States shall guarantee to every State in 
this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion, and, on application of the Legis- 
lature, or of the Executive ( when the Legislature cannot be con- 
vened), against domestic violence. 

Article V 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it 
necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on 
the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several 
States, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, 
in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part 
of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three- 
fourths of the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths 
thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be 
made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall 
in anv manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the Ninth 



lOS N OUT 11 Cauui.i.na Mam ai. 

Section of the First Article; and that no State, without its con- 
sent, shall 1)(' deprived ol' its ('(iiial suffrage in the Senate. 

AlMICI.K VI 

1. All drhts contracted and engagements entered into before the 
adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United 
States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. 

2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which 
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or 
which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, 
shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every 
State shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws 
of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the 
members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and 
judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several 
States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Con- 
stitution; but no reli.ginus test shall ever be required as a quali- 
fication to any office or public trust under the United States. 

Ahticle VII 

The ratification of the Convention of nine States shall be suf- 
ficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States 
so ratifying the same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States 
present the Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of Our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth. In 
witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 

GEO. WASHINGTON, President and deputy from Virginia, 
New Hampshire — John Langdon. Nicholas Oilman, Massachusetts 
— Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King, Connecticut — Wm. Saml. John- 
son, Roger Sherman, New York — Alexander Hamilton, New Jersey 
— Wil. Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Patterson, Jona. Dayton. 
Pennsylvania — B. Franklin, Robt. Morris, Thos. Fitzsimmons, 
James Wilson, Thomas Mifflin, Geo. Clymer, Jared Ingersoll. Gouv. 
Morris, Delaware — Geo. Read, John Dickinson. Jaco. Broom, Gun- 
ning Bedford. Jr.. Richard Bassett, Maryland — James McHenry, 



COXSTITUTKJN OF THE UxiTED STATES 109 

Danl. Carroll. Dan. of St. Thos. Jenifer, Virginia — John Blair, Jas. 
Madison. Jr., North Carolina — Wm. Blount, Hu. Williamson, Richd. 
Dobbs Spaight. South Carolina — J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, 
Charles Coteswortli Pinckney. Pierce Butler, Georgia — William 
Few, Abr. Baldwin. Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. 

The Constitution was declared in effect on the first Wednesday 
in March. 1789. 

Amexd-Ment.s to the Coxstitution of the Uxited St.vtes , ,. 

The following amendments to the Constitution. Article I to X, 
inclusive, were proposed at the First Session of the First Congress, 
begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, March 4, 
1789, and were adopted by the necessary number of States. The 
original proposal of the ten amendments was preceded by this 
preamble and re.^olution: 

"The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time 
of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to 
prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further de- 
claratory and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extending 
the ground of public confidence in the Government will best insure 
the beneficient ends of its institution: 

"RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of 
both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to 
the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Con- 
stitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when 
ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all 
intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, namely": 

Ajie>'dmexts 

the TEX OKKilXAE AMENDMENTS 

(Sometimes called our Bill of Rights) 
(Declared in force December 15, 1791) 

Article I 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of re- 
ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the 
freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people 
peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress 
of grievances. 



110 NouTii Carolina Manual 



AltTKLi; II 



A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a tree 
State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be 
infringed. 

Article III 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house 
without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a man- 
ner to be prescribed by law. 

Article IV 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, 
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, 
shall not be violated, and no warrants sliall issue, but upon prob- 
able cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de- 
scribing the place to be searched, and the persons cr things to be 
seized. 

Article V 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise in- 
famous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand 
.iury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the 
militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor 
shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in 
jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use. without just compensation. 

Article VI 

In all ciiminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right t. 
a speedy, and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State anu 
district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which dis- 
trict shall have been previously ascertained by law, and be in- 
formed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted 
with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for 
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance Oi 
counsel for his defense. 



CONSTITl'TIOX OF THE UXITF.D STATES 111 

Article VII 

In suits at common law. where the value in controversy shall 
exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved 
and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any 
court of the United States than according to the rules of the com- 
mon law. 

Article VIII 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, 
nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

Article IX 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall n;:t 
be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 

Article X 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitu- 
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States 
respectively, or to the people. 

Article XI 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to 
extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted 
against one of the United States, by citizens of another State, or 
by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 

(Pri. posed to the Legislatures of the several States by the Third 
Congress on the .5th of March. 1794, and declared to have bten 
ratified by Executive Proclamation, January 8, 1798.) 

Article XII 

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by 
ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall 
name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in dis- 
tinct ballots the persons voted for as Vice President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all 
persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes 
for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit. 



112 NoKTii Cahoi.i.na IMam'AL 

sealed, to the scat oi' the C.overnmeiit of the United States, directed 
to the rresident oi' the Senate; the Pi'esident of the Senate shall, 
in tile presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted: the person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the 
President, if such numl)er be a majority of the whole number of 
electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from 
the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the 
list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives 
shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing 
the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall 
consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and 
a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if 
the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, when- 
ever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March ne.xt following, then the Vice President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional dis- 
ability of the President. The person having the greatest number of 
votes as Vice President shall be the Vice President, if such number 
be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no 
person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the 
list, the Senate shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Sena- 
tors, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a 
choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of 
President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United 
States. 

(Proposed by the Eighth Congress on the 12th of December, 

1803, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, September 25, 

1804. It was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire.) 

Ahticle XIII 

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punish- 
ment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, 
shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their 
jurisdiction. 

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appro- 
priate legislation. 



Constitution of the United States 113 

(Proposed by the Thirty-eighth Congress on the 1st of F'ebruary, 
1865, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, dated December 
18, 1865. It was rejected by Delaware and Kentucky; was condi- 
tionally ratified by Alabama and Mississippi; and Texas took no 
action.) 

Article XIV 

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States 
and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of 
citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any per- 
son of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor 
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole 
number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But 
when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for 
President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives 
in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the 
members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male 
Inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citi- 
zens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for 
participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representa- 
tion therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number 
of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citi- 
zens twenty-one years of age in such State. 

3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, 
or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil 
or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, 
having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as 
an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legis- 
lature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support 
the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged In insur- 
rection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of 
each House, remove such disability. 

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, author- 
ized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and 



11^ NoiMii C"ak()1.i.\a Maxiai. 

bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall 
not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State 
shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of in- 
surrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for 
the loss of emancipation of any slave: but all such debts, obliga- 
tions, and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate legis- 
lation the provisions of this article. 

(The Reconstruction Amendment, by the Thirty-ninth Congress 
on the lt;th day of .June, 1866, -was declared ratified by the Secre- 
tary of State, July 28, 1868. The amendment got the support of 23 
Northern States; it was rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Mary- 
land, and 10 Southern States. California took no action. Later it 
was ratified by the 10 Southern States.) 



Aktici.].: XV 

1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Fortieth Congress the 27th of February, 1869. 
and was declared ratified by the Secretary of State, March 30, 
1870. It was not acted on by Tennessee; it was rejected by Cali- 
fornia, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Oregon; ratified by the 
remaining 30 States. New York rescinded its ratification January 
5, 1870. New Jersey rejected it in 1870, but ratified it in 1871.) 

Artict.k XVI 

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on in- 
comes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment 
among the several States, and without regard to any census or 
enumeration. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-first Congress. July 12, 1909. and de- 
clared ratified February 25, 1913. The income tax amendment was 
ratified by all the States except Connecticut. Florida, Pennsyl- 
vania. Rhode Island. Utah, and Virginia.) 



CoNSTirrTioN of the Uxited States 115 

Article XVII 

1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two 
Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six 
years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each 
State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most 
numerous branch of the State Legislatures. 

2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State 
in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue 
writs of election to fill such vacancies; Provided, That the Legis- 
lature of any State may empower the Executive thereof to make 
temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by 
election as the Legislature may direct. 

3. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the 
election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as 
part of the Constitution. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th day of May, 
1912, and declared ratified May 31, 1913. Adopted by all the States 
except Alabama. Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah and 
Virginia. ) 

Akticle XVIII 

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manu- 
facture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the 
importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the 
United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof 
for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 

2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent 
power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures 
of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven 
years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the 
Congress. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress, December IS, 1917. and 
ratified by 36 States; was declared in effect on January 16, 1920.) 

Article XIX 
1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of sex. 



110 Xoirni ('ai;(ii.i.\a Mam ai. 

2. Congress shall have power, by appropriate legislation, to 
enforce the provisions of this article. 

(Pr()i)osed by the Sixty-tifth Congress. On August 26, 1920. it 
was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified (June 19. 1919 — 
August 18, 1920) by three-quarters of the States. The Tennessee 
House. August 31st. rescinded its ratification. 47 to 24.) 



Ainici.K XX 

1 . The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at 
ncion on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and 
Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January of the years 
in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been 
ratified: and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, un- 
less they shall by law appoint a different day. 

3. If. at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the 
President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President 
elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been 
chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if 
the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice 
President elect shall act as President until a President shall have 
qualified: and the Congress may by law provide for the case 
wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall 
have qualified, declaring wiio shall then act as President, or the 
manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such 
person shall act accordingly, until a President or Vice President 
shall have qualified. 

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death 
of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives 
may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have 
devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the 
persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President when 
the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. 

5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October 
following the ratification of this article. 

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures 



Constitution of the United States 117 

of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of Its suhmlssion. 

(Proposed by the 72iid Congress, First Session. On February 6, 
1933, it was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified by thirty- 
nine states.) 



Article XXI 

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of 
the United States is hereby repealed. 

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, 
or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of 
intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby 
prohibited. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by convention in the 
several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years 
from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Con- 
gress. 

( Proposed by the 72nd Congress. Second Session. Proclaimed 
in effect on December 5, 1933, having been ratified by thirty-six 
States. By proclamation of the same date, the President proclaimed 
that the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution was repealed on 
December .5, 1933.) 



Amendment XXII 

1. No person shall be elected to the office of the president 
more than twice, and no person who has held the office of presi- 
dent, or acted as president, for more than two years of a term 
to which some other person was elected president shall be elected 
to the office of the president more than once. But this article shall 
not apply to any person holding the office of president when this 
article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any 
person who may be holding the office of president, or acting as 
president, during the term within which this article becomes op- 
erative from holding the office of president or acting as president 
during the remainder of such t(M-m. 



118 Noirni Cauoi.ina :\Ia.\ual 

2. This article shall he inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the constitution by the legislatures 
of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of its submission to the States by the congress. 

Proposed by the 80th Congress in 1947 and became effective on 
Feb. 2(5, 1951. having been ratified by thirty-six States. * 



PART II 
CENSUS 



POPULATION OF THE 
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Seventeenth Census of the United States: 1950 

North Carolina's urban places continued to grow faster than 
rural areas between 1940 and 19 50, according to the seventeenth 
decennial census, issued by Director Roy V. Peel, of the Bureau 
of the Census, Department of Commerce. 

According to the final figures, the total urban population in- 
creased from 974,175 in 1940 to 1.368,101 in 1950, or 40.4 per 
cent, while the rural population increased from 2,597,448 in 1940 
to 2,693,828 in 1950 or an increase of 3.3 per cent. The final 
count of the Seventeenth Census for the entire state on April 1, 
1950 was 4,061,929 compared to 3,571,623 for 1940, showing an 
increase of 13.7 per cent. Urban residents accounted for 3 3.7 per 
cent of the State's population in 19 50 as compared with 2 7.3 per 
cent for 1940. Rural areas in 1950 accounted for 66.3 per cent 
of the total population. The Census Bureau considers as urban 
areas the incorporated places of 2500 or more, or unincorporated 
places of 2 500 or more located outside an urbanized area. The 
remaining territory is classified as rural. 

There were 30 incorporated places of 10,000 or more in 1950. 
Four of these (Albemarle, Henderson, Monroe, and Sanford) 
reached this size since 1940. All of these cities increased in 
population between 1940 and 1950. 

The final figures, by counties, of the 1950 census showed that 
there was a gain in population in 78 of the 100 counties. Onslow 
county, with an increase of 133.3 per cent had the most extensive 
growth, followed by Cumberland with 61.8 per cent. Craven with 
55.5 per cent, Orange with 49.2 per cent and New Hanover with 
32.1 per cent. 

The first census of North Carolin was taken in 17 90, returning 
a population of 393,751. The population has shown an increase 
at every census since that time. The population passed 1,000,000 
between 1860 and 1870, 2,000,000 between 1900 and 1910, 3.000,- 
000 between 1920 and 1930, and 4,000,000 between 1940 and 
1950. The present population represents a density of 77.1 inhab- 
itants per square mile. North Carolina's total area in square 
miles is 5 2,712. Land area is 49,412 square miles; water area is 
3,5 70 square miles. 

Table 1 presents the figures for counties and for incorporated 
places of 10,000 or more, and Table 2 for incorporated places of 
less than 10,000. 

121 



122 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 1. POPULATION OF COUNTIES AND OF INCORPORATED PLACES 
OF 10,000 OR MORE IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950 



County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


The State 


4,061,929 

1,368.101 

2,693,828 

33.7 

71,220 

14,554 

8,155 

26,781 

21,878 

13,352 
37,134 
26,439 
29,703 
19,238 

124,403 

45,518 

63,783 

43,352 

5,223 

23,059 
20,870 
61,794 

25,392 
18,294 

12,540 

6,006 

64,357 

50,621 

48,823 

96,006 

6,201 

5,405 

62,244 

15,420 


Counties— Con(. 
Duplin 


41,074 
101,639 

51.634 
146,135 

31,341 

110,836 

9,555 

6,886 

31,793 

18,024 

191,057 
58,377 
47,605 
37,631 
30,921 

21,453 
15,756 
6,479 
56,303 
19,261 

65,906 
11,004 
23,522 
45,953 
27,459 

16,174 
20,522 
27,938 
25,720 
197,052 

15,143 
17,260 
33,129 
59,919 
63,272 


Counties— Con(. 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange-- 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake. 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 






28,4,32 


Rural 


Durham _. 


42,047 


Per Cent Urban 


Edgecombe 

Forsvth 


34,435 
9,993 


CouNTtEs: 
Alaniance 


Franklin 

Gaston . 


24,347 

18.423 


Alexander 


Gates 


9,602 


Alleghany 

Anson 


Graham __. 

Granville 

Greene 


24,361 
63.789 


Ashe 


1 1 , 627 


Averv - - - _ _ . 


Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett - 


50,804 


Beaufort . . 


39.597 


Bertie 


87,769 


Bladen . 


Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 


64,816 


Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Burke 


75.410 

46.356 
49.780 




26.336 


Caldwell 


Iredell 


.37.130 


Camden 


Jackson. 


21.520 


Carteret 


Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 


45,593 


Caswell .- 


9.921 




15,194 


Chatham 


Lenoir 

Lincoln _ . _ 


5.048 


Cherokee 


42,034 




Macon .. 


32.101 


Clay 


Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


136,450 


Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven . . _ 


23.539 
13.180 
18.342 


Cumberland 


64,267 


Currituck 


Montgomery 

Moore 


45,243 


Dare 


Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 


54.506 




Nash 


22.133 


Davie. 


New Hanover 


16. 306 







Incorporated Places of 10,000 or more 



Albemarle 

Asheville 

Burlington 

Charlotte 

Concord 

Durham 

Elizabeth City... 

Fayetteville - 

Gastonia 

Goldsboro 



11,798 

53,000 

24,560 

134,042 

16,486 

71,311 
12,685 
34,715 
23,069 
21,454 



Greensboro 
Greenville- 
Henderson. 
Hickory... 
High Point 

Kinston... 
Lexington - 

Monroe 

New Bern. 
Raleigh - - . 



74,389 
16,724 
10,996 
14,765 
39,973 

18,336 
13,571 
10,140 
15,812 
65,679 



Reidsville 

Rocky Mount. 

Salisbury 

Sanford 

Shelby 

Statesville 

Thomasville - - . 

Wilmington 

Wilson 

Winston-Salem 



11.708 
27,697 
20,102 
10,013 
15,508 

16,901 
11.154 
45,043 
23.010 

87,811 



Population of Cities and Towns 



123 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 10.000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950 

2,500 to 10,000 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Ahoskie _ 


Hertford 

Randolph 

Carteret 

Gaston 


3,579 
7,701 
3,212 
5,330 
3,961 

2,973 
3,908 
4,906 
9,177 
3,492 

4,414 
3,629 
6,316 
4,468 
2,842 

2,942 
4,971 
5,026 
5,061 
6,103 

3,960 
7,206 
7,134 
4,045 

7,888 

5,423 
2,545 
9,186 
2,740 
7,121 


Morehead City 

Morganton 


Carteret 

Burke 


5 144 


Asheboro . 


8,311 
7 192 


Beaufort 


Mount Airy 

Mount Olive 

Newton .. 




Belmont 


Wayne 


3 732 


Bessemer City 


Gaston 

Watauga... 

Transylvania. . 

Haywood 

Orange. . . 


Catawba 

Wilkes 


6 039 


Boone 


North Wilkesboro... 
Oxford 


4,379 
6,685 
4,486 
8 156 


Brevard .. .- 


Granville 

Washington 

Halifax 


Canton 


Plymouth 


Chapel Hill 


Roanoke Rapids 

Rockingham 

Roxboro 


Cherryville .- 


Gaston 

Sampson 

Rockingham 

Harnett 

Chowan 

Surry 


Richmond 

Person 


3 356 


Clinton . _ 


4 321 


Draper 


Rutherfordton 

Scotland Neck 

Selma. 


Rutherford 

Halifax 


3 146 


Dunn 


2,730 


Edenton . .- 


Johnston 

Johnston 

Moore 


2 639 


Elkin.... 


Smithfield 


5,574 

4,272 
3,242 


Farmville 


Pitt 


Southern Pines 

Spencer .. 


Forest City .. 


Rutherford 

Alamance 

Richmond 

Henderson 

Onslow. 




Graham 


Spindale 


Rutherford 

Edgecombe 

Burke. 


3 891 


Hamlet . 


Tarboro 


8 120 


Hendersonville 


Valdese . . 


2,730 


Jacksonville _ . 


Wadesboro 


Anson 


3 408 


Kings Mountain 


Cleveland 

Scotland 

Rockingham 

Caldwell 

Lincoln 

Franklin 

Robeson 

McDowell - 

Iredell 


Wake Forest 


Wake . . 


3,704 


Laurinburg. . , , 


Beaufort 

Haywood 

Columbus 

Martin 


9 698 


Leaksville 


Waynesville 


5,295 
4,238 

4 975 


Lenoir 


Lincolnton _. 


Williamston 


Louisburg ._ 




Lumberton 




Marion 




Mooresville 





1,000 to 2,500 



Aberdeen 

Andrews. 

Angier 

Apex 

Archdale. 

Aulander 

Ayden 

Belhaven.. 

Benson 

Bethel 

Biscoe 

Black Mountain 
Boiling Springs. 

Bryson City 

Burgaw 



Moore . 


1,603 
1,397 
1,182 
1,065 
1,218 

1,112 
2,282 
2,528 
2,102 
1,402 

1,034 
1,174 
1,145 
1,499 
1.613 


Cherokee 

Harnett _. 

Wake - 


Randolph 

Bertie 


Pitt 


Beaufort 

.Johnston 

Pitt 


Montgomery 

Buncombe 

Cleveland 

Swain 

Pender. 



Burnsville 

Carolina Beach 

Carrboro 

Carthage 

Gary 

Chad bourn 

China Grove... 

Clayton 

Coats 

Columbia 

Conover 

Cornelius 

Dallas 

Davidson 

East Flat Rock 



Yancey 

New Hanover 

Orange 

Moore 

Wake 

Columbus 

Rowan 

Johnston 

Harnett 

Tyrrell. 

Catawba 

Mecklenburg. 

Gaston 

Mecklenburg. 
Henderson 



1,341 
1,080 
1,795 
1,194 
1,446 

2,103 
1,491 
2,229 
1,047 
1,161 

1,164 
1,548 
2,454 
2,423 
1,285 



124 



North Carolina Ma.mal 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OFILESS 
THAN 2,500 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1%0- Continued 



1,000 to 2,500— Continued 



City or Town 



East Lumberton . 

East Spencer 

Elizabethtown__. 

Klon College 

Enfield 



Fair Bluff. _ 

Fairmont 

Franklin 

Franklinton. 
Fremont 



Fuquay Springs. 

Garner 

Gaston 



Gibsonviile. .. 
Granite Falls. 



Hazelwood . 
Hertford _ . . . 

Hillsboro 

Holly Ridge. 
Hope Mills.. 



Jonesville 

Kenly 

Kernersville. 
La Grange... 
Landis 



Liberty 

Lillington. 

Littleton.. 

Longview. 
Lowell 



Madison.. 
Maiden... 
.Mars Hill. 
Marshville. 
Maxton 



Mayodan 

McAdenville. 

Mebane 



Mocksville 

Mount Gilead. 



County 



Robeson.. 

Rowan 

Bladen 

Alamance. 
Halifax 



Columbus. 
Robeson... 

Macon 

Franklin. . 
Wayne 



Wake 

Wake 

Northampton. 

Alamance 

Guilford 

Caldwell 



Haywood 

Perquimans.. 

Orange 

Onslow 

Cumberland. 



Yadkin.. 
Johnston . 
Forsyth.. 

Lenoir 

Rowan... 



Randolph. 
Harnett... 
Halifax... 

Warren 

Catawba . . 
Gaston 



Rockingham. 

Catawba 

Madison 

Union 

Robeson 



Rockingham. 

Gaston 

Alamance 

Orange 

Davie 

Montgomery. 



Popula- 
tion 



1,106 
2,444 
1,611 
1,109 
2,361 

1,056 
2,319 
1 , 975 
1,414 
1,395 

1,992 
1.180 
1,218 

[ 1,866 

2,286 

1,769 
2,096 
1,329 
1,082 
1,077 

1,768 
1,129 
2,396 
1,852 

1,827 



342 
061 

173 



2,291 
2,313 

1,789 
1.952 
1,404 
1,258 
1,974 

2,246 
1,060 

2,068 

1,909 
1,201 



City or Town 



Mount Holly... 
Mount Pleasant. 

Murfreesboro 

Murphy 

Nashville 



Norwood 

Pembroke 

Pilot Mountain. 

Pinetops 

Pineville 



Pittsboro 

Raeford 

Ramseur 

Randleman.. 
Red Springs. 



Robbins 

Robersonville. 

Roseboro 

Rowland 

Saint Pauls 



South port. 
Spring Hope- 
Spruce Pine.. 
Stanley 



Sylva 

Tabor City. 
Taylorsville. 

Troy 

Trvon 



Wallace 

Walnut Cove. 

Warrenton 

Warsaw 

Weaverville... 



Weldon 

Wendell 

Wilkesboro. 

Windsor 

Zebulon 



Siler City Chatham 



County 



Gaston... 
Cabarrus. 
Hertford. 
Cherokee. 
Nash 



Stanly 

Robeson 

Surry 

Edgecombe.. 
Mecklenburg. 



Chatham. 

Hoke 

Randolph. 
Randolph . 
Robeson . . 



Moore 

Martin... 
Sampson . 
Robeson. 
Robeson. 



Brunswick. 

Nash 

Mitchell... 
Gaston 



Jackson 

Columbus 

Alexander 

Montgomery. 
Polk 1. 



Duplin 

Stokes 

Warren 

Duplin 

Buncombe. 

Halifax 

Wake 

Wilkes 

Bertie 

Wake 



Popula- 
tion 



2,241 
1,019 
2,140 
2,433 
1,302 

1 , 735 
1,212 
1,092 
1 .031 
1.373 

1,094 
2,030 
1,1.'?4 
2,066 
2,245 



1,158 
1,414 
1,241 
1,293 

2,251 

2,501 
1,748 
1,275 
2,280 
1,644 

1,382 
2,033 
1,310 
2,213 
1,985 



1,622 
1.132 
1,166 
1,598 
1,111 

2,295 
1,253 
1,370 
1,781 
1,.378 



Population of Cities and Towns 



125 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950— Continued 



Less Tha.n- 1,000 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Acme 


Columbus 

Moore 


139 
110 
216 
885 
545 

273 
525 
294 

844 
49 

525 
151 
743 

428 
462 

381 
1 329 

453 

128 
190 

236 
259 
724 
657 
316 

796 

j 661 

215 
606 
502 

227 
239 
805 
469 
768 

190 
177 
255 
688 
284 

617 
305 
421 
506 
265 


Cherry . _ _ 


Washington 

Catawba 

Bladen 


73 


Addor 


Claremont 


669 


Advance 


Davie -- -- 


Clarkton 


589 


Alexander Mills 


Rutherford 

Anson 


Cleveland.... . 




580 




Clyde 


Haywood 

Bertie 


598 


Arapahoe 


Pamlico 

Yadkin 


Colerain ... 


367 


Arlington 


Columbus - 


Polk 


486 




Pender 


Conetoe . 


Edgecombe 

Northampton... 
Bladen 


172 


Atlantic 


Carteret -.- 

Carteret 

Beaufort 

Sampson 

Nash 


Conway 


618 


Atlantic Beach 


Council . 


64 


Aurora .- 


Cove City . . 




465 


Autryville _ 


Creedmoor 


Granville 

Washington 

Avery 


852 


Baileys 


Creswell . 


425 


Bakersville 


Mitchell 

Avery 


Crossnore 


240 


Banner Elk 


Crouse 


Lincoln 

Cherokee 


303 


Bath 


Beaufort 

Edgecombe 

Nash 


Culberson . 




Battleboro { 


150 


Deep Run ... 


142 


Bayboro 


Pamlico 

Martin 


Deico 


Columbus 


257 


Bearsrass 




7 


Bell Arthur 


Pitt 


Denton 


Davidson 

Lincoln 

Jackson 

Surry 


766 


Bennett 


Chatham 

Bertie 


Denver 


415 


Bertie 


Dillsboro . 


198 


Beulaville 


Duplin 


Dobson . 


609 


Biltmore Forest 


Buncombe 

Wilson 


Dover . . 


Craven 


638 


Black Creek 


Drexel- . 


Burke 


988 


Bladenboro 


Bladen 


Dublin 


Bladen 


243 


Blowing Rock j 


Caldwell 

Watauga 

Brunswick 

Columbus 

Yadkin 


Dudley 


Wayne . 


133 


Dundarrach 

East Bend . . 


Hoke 


134 


Bolivia 


Yadkin . . 


475 


Bolton . . 


East Laurinburg 

Edward .. 


Scotland 

Beaufort 

Avery 


745 


Boon ville 




Bostic _. 


Rutherford 

Duplin 


155 


Bowdens 


Elk Park 


545 


Bridgeton . 


Craven _ 


Ellenboro 


Rutherford 

Richmond 

Wilson 


537 


Broadway __ . , . 


Lee 


Ellerbe 


773 


Brookford . 


Catawba 

Columbus 

Harnett 

Franklin 

Duplin 


Elm City 


839 


Brunswick. 


Eureka 

Everetts 


Wayne 


192 


Bunnlevel 


Martin 


244 


Bunn 


Evergreen 

Faison 


Columbus 

Duplin 


245 


Calypso 


768 


Cameron 


Moore 

Montgomery 

Jackson 

Nash 


Faith 

Falcon 

Falkland 


Rowan . 


490 


Candor 


Cumberland 

Pitt 


245 


Cashiers 


174 


Castalia 


Fountain 


Pitt-.-- 

Johnston. 

Randolph 


451 


Catawba 


Catawba 

Columbus 


Four Oaks . . 


942 


Cerro Gordo 


Franklin ville 


778 



126 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. population OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1950-Con(jnued 





Lese 


Than 1,000— Continued 






City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
» tion 


Garland 


Sampson 

Northampton 

Gates - - - 


539 
344 
323 
118 
609 

695 
145 
132 
372 
168 

591 
510 
414 
535 

346 

514 

882 
374 
167 
147 

137 
356 
169 
515 
529 

603 
398 
406 
253 
721 

922 
916 
308 
232 
843 

246 
748 
529 
359 
136 

405 
674 

189 
461 
228 


Lake Lure 


Rutherford 

Columbus - 

Northampton. .. 

Cleveland 

Henderson 

Cleveland 

Bertie 


174 


Garysburg 


Lake Waccamaw 

Lasker 


575 




177 


(Jermanton 


Stokes 

Scotland 

Burke . - 


Lattimore . 


286 


Gibson 


Laurel Park 

Lawndale 

Lewiston 


302 


Glen Alpine 


964 


Godwin -- 


Cumberland 

Martin 


339 


(lold Point 


Lilesville. 


Anson 

Cumberland 

Stanly 


605 


(loldston 


Chatham 

Lenoir.. .. . _ 


Linden 


194 




Locust - 


216 


Granite Quarry 


Rowan 

Pitt 


Lucama. 


Wilson 


405 




Lumber Bridge 

Macclesfield 

Macon . 


Robeson 

Edgecombe 

Warren 

Duplin 

Moore 

Dare 

Northampton... 

Robeson 

Madison 

Mecklenburg 

Greene 


154 


Grimesland 


Pitt 


370 


(irover 


Cleveland 

Halifax 


238 


Halifax 


Magnolia .. 


585 


Hamilton __ . 


Martin 

Guilford 

Iredell 


Manly.. _ 


280 


Hamilton Lakes .. ,_ 


Mant^o 


635 


Harmony 


Margaretsville 

Marietta 


113 


Harrellsville... 


Hertford 

Sampson 

Martin 


94 


Harrells Store _ __ 


Marshall 


983 


Hassell . 


Matthews 


589 


Hayesville . ._ 


Clay 

Chatham 

Macon 


Maury. .. . . 


251 


Haywood 


Maysville 

McDonalds 


Jones 


818 


Highlands 


Robeson 

Anson 


78 


Hildebran 


Burke 

Halifax 


McFarlan 

Merry Oaks 

Micro .. 


136 


Hobgood 


Chatham 

Johnston 


160 


Hoffman 


Richmond 

Wake 


310 


Holly Springs 


Middleburg. 


217 


Hookerton 


Greene . 


Middlesex - 


Nash. 


446 


Hot Springs 


Madison 

Caldwell 

Mecklenburg 

Union... . 


M id way 

Milton . ... 


Richmond 

Caswell 

Northampton... 


479 


Hudson. 


317 


Huntersville 


Milwaukee 


302 


Indian Trail 


Mineral Springs 

Morrisville 


135 


Iron Station . 


Lincoln 

Northampton. __ 

Moore 

Guilford 

Martin 

Ashe 

Buncombe 

Bertie 

Duplin 


Wake 


221 


Jackson 


Mortimer 


Caldwell 

Anson . 


13 


Jackson Springs- 


Morven 

New London 

Newland 


601 


Jamestown 


Stanly 


285 


Jamesville 


Avery 


425 


Jefferson 


Newport 


Carteret 

Sampson 

Warren 


676 


Jupiter 


Newton Grove 

Norlina 

Norman 

North Lumherton . . _ 
Oak City 


374 


Kelford . . 


874 


Kenansville 


Richmond 

Robeson 

Martin 


300 


Kittrell ..- 


Vance. -- 


423 


Knightdale 


Wake - 


518 


Kure Beach 


New Hanover... 


Oakboro 


Stanly 


631 



Population of Cities and Towns 



127 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: \950~Continved 





Less Than 1,000— Con/inucd 






City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Oakley 


Pitt 

McDowell 

Pam.lico 

Robeson 

Pitt .-. 

Halifax 

Beaufort 

Sampson 

Robeson 

Martin 

Caldwell 

Anson 

Wayne 

Lenoir 

Johnston 

Moore 

Beaufort 

Anson 

Jones _ 


58 
771 
590 
162 
265 

67 
275 
114 
527 
406 

195 
485 
464 
386 
602 

575 
301 
459 
420 
250 

608 
919 
232 

{ 923 

237 

971 
877 
515 
451 
852 

288 
545 
793 
896 
535 

394 
324 
435 
547 
366 

745 

319 
340 

493 

415 


Shelmerdine 

Simpson 

Sims 

Smithtown 

Snow Hill 


Pitt 


32 


Old Fort 

Oriental.-- 


Pitt 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Oreene 

Beaufort 

Anson 

Alleghany 

Edgecombe 

Randolph 

Wilson 


278 
207 
182 


Pactolus 


946 


Palmyra 


South Creek 

South Wadesboro 

Sparta 

Speed. . _ . 


108 


Pantego . . . 


390 


Parkersburg 

Parkton 


820 
103 


Parmele - 


Staley 

Stantonsburg 

Star 

Stedman 

Stem 

Stokes 

Stoneville 

Stonewall 

Stovall 

Swan Quarter 

Swansboro 

Teacheys 

Todd... 

Townsville 


236 


Patterson 


627 


Peachland 

Pikeville - . - . 


Montgomery 

Cumberland 

Granville 

Pitt-. . - 


677 

424 


Pine Hill 

Pine Level - - . , 


217 
217 


Pinebluff 

Pinetown 


Rockingham 

Pamlico 

Granville 

Hyde 


786 
272 


Polkton . 


410 


Pollocksville 


212 




Bertie .. - 


Onslow.. 


559 


Princeton 


Johnston 

Edgecombe 

Robeson. .. 
Burke 


Duplin . 


226 


Princeville 


Ashe 




Proctorville 


Watauga 

Vance 


{ 89 




219 


Rhodhiss 


Caldwell 

Stanly 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Graham 

Richmond- ... 
Rowan 


Trenton _ _ 


Jones.- -- -- 


469 


Richfield 


Trinity -- 


Randolph 

Iredell -.- 

Sampson 

Union 


764 






613 




Turkey-- - 


223 






124 


Roberdel 


Vanceboro _ , .. 


Craven- . 


753 


Rockwell 


V'andemere 


Pamlico 

Moore . 


475 




Wake 


Vass . -. . 


757 


Ronda 


Wilkes 


Vaughn 

Waco 

Wagram 

WaLstonburg 

Warrpnsville 

Wa.shington Park 

Watha 

Waxhaw 

Webster 

West Jefferson 

Whitakers ! 

Whitehall 

Wilson Mills 

Wi.ifall 


Warren 

Cleveland 

Scotland 

Greene 

Ashe 

Beaufort 

Pender 

Union 


181 


Roper 


Washington 

Duplin.- _ 


310 


Rose Hill 


397 


Rosman 


Transylvania. _ . 
Bertie 


177 


Roxobel 


120 


Ruth 


Rutherford 

Sampson 

Polk 

Wilson 


421 


Saleniburg 


222 


Saluda 


818 


Saratoga 


Jackson 

Ashe. - - 


142 




Northampton 

Randil|)h 

Northampton 

Brunswick.. .-. 

FMgeconibe 

Nash 


871 


Seagrove , 


Edgecombe 

Nash 

Wayne- .. 


} 962 


Severn 


Shallotte 


197 


Sharpsburg 


.Iohnst"n 

Perquimans 


349 
421 


Wilson 





128 



NoKTii Caijoi.ixa ^Mamal 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF LESS 
THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1%50— Continued 





Less 


Than 1,000— Con/tnufd 






City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 






793 
870 

834 
128 
590 




Bertie 


387 


Winterville 


Pitt 


Wrinhtsville Beach. . 

Yadkin College 

Yadkin ville 


New Hanover... 

Davidson 

Yadkin. 

Franklin 


711 


Winton - . 


Hertford 

Franklin 

Northampton 


82 


Wood 


820 




Youngsville 


619 









PopuLATiox OF Cities and Towns 



129 



KSTIMATES OF POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES1 
AS OF JULY, 1958 



Area 



Continental United States- 
Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota _ 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

District of Columbia 



Julv 1, 1958 



173, 
3, 

I. 
1, 
1-1, 
1, 
2, 



16 
4 

9 

2 

1 

11 



260,000 
211.000 

.140,000 
.766,000 
,337.000 
,711.000 
,316.000 
454,000 
,442,000 
,818,000 
662,000 
,889,000 
,581.000 
,822,000 
,100,000 
,080,000 
,110,000 
952,000 
,956,000 
,862.000 
866,000 
375,000 
186,000 
271,000 
688.000 
457.000 
267,000 
584,000 
749,000 
842.000 
229.000 
549.000 
650,000 
345,000 
285,000 
773,000 
101,000 
875,000 
404,000 
699,000 
469,000 
377,000 
865,000 
372,000 
935,000 
769,000 
969,000 
938,000 
320,000 
825,000 



April 1, 1950 
(census) 



150,697.361 
3,061,743 

128,643 

749,587 

1,909.511 

10,586,223 

1.325,089 

2.007,280 

318,085 
2, 771,. 305 
3,444,578 

588,637 
8,712,176 
3,934,224 
2.621.073 
1,905,299 
2,944,806 
2.683.516 

913.774 
2,343,001 
4,690,514 
6,371,766 
2,982,483 
2,178,914 
3,954,653 

591,024 
1.325,510 

160,083 

533,242 
4,835,329 

681,187 

14,830,192 

4,061,929 

619,636 

7,946,627 

2,233,351 

1,521,341 

10,498,012 

791,896 
2,117.027 

652.740 
3,291,718 
7,711,194 

688,862 

377,747 
3,318,680 
2,378.963 
2.005.552 
3.434.575 

290,529 

802,178 



Increase (+) or 
decrease ( — ) 

April 1, 1950 to 
July 1, 1958 



Amount 

+22,563,000 
+ 150,000 



+ 

+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 



+ 

+ 
+ 
+ 



391,000 
143,000 
3,751,000 
385,000 
309,000 
136,000 
1,671,000 
373,000 

74,000 
1.177,000 
647,000 
201,000 
210,000 
135,000 
427.000 

38,000 
613,000 
171,000 
1.494,000 
392,000 
7,000 
317,000 

97,000 
132,000 
107,000 

51,000 

914.000 

161,000 

1,399,000 

487.000 

31.000 
1,398,000 

52,000 
252,000 
603,000 

83,000 
287,000 

46,000 
178,000 
1,666,000 
176,000 
5,000 
616,000 
390,000 

37,000 
503,000 

29,000 

22,000 



Percent 

+ 15.0 
+ 4.9 

« 

+52.1 

— 7.5 
+35.4 
+29.1 
-J-15.4 
+42.7 
+60.3 
+ 10.8 
+ 12.5 
+ 13.5 
+ 16.4 
+ 7.7 
+11.0 
+ 4.6 
+15.9 
+ 4.1 
+26.2 
+ 3.6 
+23.4 
+ 13.2 
+ 0.3 
+ 8.0 
+ 16.4 
+ 9.9 
+66.7 
+ 9.6 
+ 18.9 
+23.6 
+ 9.4 
+ 12.0 
+ 5.0 
+ 17.6 
+ 2.3 
+ 16.6 
+ 5.7 
+ 10.5 
+ 13.6 
+ 7.1 
+ 5.4 
+21.6 
+25.5 

— 1.4 
+ 18.6 
+ 16.4 

— 1.8 
+ 14.6 
+10.1 
+ 2.8 



*Data not available. 

IFrom current population Reports, Bureau of Census, Series P.25, No. 189, dated November 13, 1958. 



PART 111 
POLITICAL 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Chapter 3. Public Laws 1941) 

Fimt District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck. Dare, Gates, 
Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, 
Washington. 

Second District — Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax. Lenoir, 
Northampton, Warren, Wilson. 

Third District — Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Pamlico, 
Pender, Sampson, Wayne. 

Fourth District Chatham, Franklin, Johnston. Nash. Randolph, 

Vance, Wake. 

Fifth District — Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, Rockingham, 
Stokes, Surry. 

Sixth District — Alamance. Durham. Guilford. Orange. 

Seventh District — Bladen. Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, 
Harnett, New Hanover, Robeson. 

Eighth District — Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, Montgom- 
ery. Moore, Richmond. Scotland. Union, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Xiuth District — Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabarrus, Caldwell, 
Iredell. Rowan, Stanly, Watauga. 

Tenth District — Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, 
Mitchell. 

Eleventh District — McDowell, Polk. Rutherford, Cleveland, Gas- 
ton. Madison, Yancey. 

Ticelfth District* — Buncombe. Cherokee. Clay, Graham, Haywood, 
Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain. Transylvania. 

JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

First Division 

First District — Camden, Chowan. Currituck. Dare. Gates, Pasquo- 
tank, Perquimans. 

Second District — Beaufort, Hyde. Martin, Tyrrell. Washington. 
Third District — Carteret, Craven, Pamlico, Pitt. 
Fourth District — Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Sampson. 
Fifth District — New Hanover, Pender. 



♦Created by tlie 1941 General Assembly. 

133 



i:]4 



State Congn 




onal Districts 



135 




136 North Cakolixa Manual 

si.rDi District — Bertie, Halifax, Hertford. Nortliampton. 
Seventh District — Edgecombe, Nash, Wilson. 
, Eialifh District — Greene, Lenoir, Wayne. 

Second Division' 

Ninth District — Franklin, (Jranville, Person, Vance, Warren. 

Tenth nistrict—Wake. 

Eleventh District — Harnett, Johnston, Lee. 

Tirelfth District — Cumberland, Hoke. 

Thirteenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus. 

Fourteenth District — Durham. 

Fifteenth District — Alamance, Chatham, Orange. 

Sixteenth District — Robeson, Scotland. 

TiiiKi) Division 

Seventeenth District — Caswell, Rockingham. Stokes, Surry. 

Eighteenth District — Guilford. 

Nineteenth District — Cabarrus, Montgomery, Randolph. Rowan. 

Ticentieth District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Stanly, Union. 

Tiventy-first District — Forsyth. 

Ticenty-second District — Alexander, Davidson, Davie, Iredell. 

Tn-enty-tliird District — Alleghany, Ashe, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

FoxiRTH Division 

Ticcnty-foiirfJi District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell, Watauga. Yan- 
cey. 

Ticenty-fifth District — Burke, Caldwell. Catawba. 

Ticenty-sixth District — Mecklenburg. 

Ticenty-seventh District — Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln. 

Ttventy-eighth District — Buncombe. 

Twenty-ninth District — Henderson, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, 
Transylvania. 

Thirtieth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, 
Macon, Swain. 



SOLICITORIAL DISTRICTS 

First District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, 
Hyde, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell. 

Second District — Edgecombe. Martin, Nash. Washington, Wilson. 

Third District — Bertie, Halifax, Hertford, Northampton. Vance. 
Warren. 

Ffjurth District — Cliatham, Harnett, Johnston, Lee, Wayne. 

Fifth District — Carteret. Craven, Greene. Jones. Pamlico, Pitt. 

Sixth District — Duplin. Lenoir. Onslow, Sampson. 

Seventh District — Franklin, Wake. 

Eighth District — Brunswick, Columbus, New Hanover, Pender. 

Ninth District — Bladen, Cumberland, Hoke, Robeson. 

Tenth District — Alamance, Durham, Granville, Orange, Person. 

Eleventh District — Ashe, Alleghany, Forsyth. 

Ticelfth District — Davidson, Guilford. 

Thirteenth District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Stanly, 
Union. 

FourteentJi District — Gaston, Mecklenburg. 

Fifteenth District — Alexander, Cabarrus, Iredell, Montgomery, 
Randolph. Rowan. 

Sixteenth District — Burke. Caldwell, Catawba, Cleveland, Lincoln, 
Watauga. 

Seventeenth District — Avery, Davie, Mitchell, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Eighteenth District — Henderson, McDowell Polk, Rutherford, 
Transylvania, Yancey. 

Nineteenth District — Buncombe, Madison. 

Tuentieth District — Cherokee. Clay, Graham, Haywood. Jackson. 
Macon, Swain. 

Twenty-first District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 



13-; 



138 Noinii C Alto UNA Mam ai. 

APPORTIONMENT OF SENATORS BY DISTRICTS 

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1940 

AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 225. Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hert- 
ford, Pasquotank and Perquimans counties shall elect two senators. 

Scconrl District — Beaufort, Dare. Hyde, Martin. Pamlico, Tyrrell 
and Washington shall elect two senators. 

Tldrd District — Northampton, Vance and Warie.i shall elect one 
senator. 

Fourth District — Edgecombe and Halifax shall elect two senators. 

FiftJi District — Pitt shall elect one senator. 

Sidtli District — Franklin, Nash and Wilson shall elect two sena- 
tors. 

Seventh District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Lenoir and 
Onslow shall elect two senators. 

Eif/hth District — Johnston and Wayne shall elect two senators. 

Ninth District — Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson shall 
elect two senators. 

Tenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and Cumberland 
shall elect two senators. 

Eleventh District — Robeson shall elect one senator. 

Ticelfth District — Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Randolph shall elect 
two senators. 

Thirteenth District — Chatham, Lee and Wake shall elect two 
senators. 

Fourteenth District — Durham, Granville and Person shall elect 
two senators. 

Fifteenth District — Caswell and Rockingham shall elect one sen- 
ator. 

Sixteenth District — Alamance and Orange shall elect one senator. 

Seventeenth District — Guilford shall elect one senator. 



District Divisions 139 

Eighteenth District — Davidson, Montgomery, Richmond and Scot- 
land shall elect two senators. 

Nineteenth District — Anson, Stanly and Union shall elect two sen- 
ators. 

Twentieth District — Mecklenburg shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-first District — Cabarrus and Rowan shall elect two sen- 
ators. 

Twenty-second District — Forsyth shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-third District — Stokes and Surry shall elect one senator. 

T^centy-fourth District — Davis, Wilkes and Yadkin shall elect one 
senator. 

Ticenty-fiftJi District — Catawba. Iredell and Lincoln shall elect 
two senators. 

Ticenty-sixth District — Gaston shall elect one senator. 

Tn-enty-seventh District — Cleveland, McDowell and Rutherford 
shall elect two senators. 

Twenty-eighth District — Alexander, Burke and Caldwell shall 
elect one senator. 

Ttcenty-ninth District — Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga shall elect 
one senator. 

Thirtieth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell and Yancey shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirty-first District — Buncombe shall elect one senator. 

Thirty-second District — Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Polk and 
Transylvania shall elect two senators. 

Thirty-third District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Macon and Swain 
shall elect one senator. 



140 



Xouiii Cai;(ii.i.\a Mam ai. 



APPORTIONMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF REPRESENTATIVES IN ACCORDANCE WITH 

THE CENSUS OF 1940 AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 112. Public Laws 1941) 



No. 0/ 
County Reps. 

Alamance 1 

Alexander 1 

Alleghany 1 

Anson 1 

Ashe 1 

Avery - 1 

Beaufort 1 

Bertie 1 

Bladen 1 

Brunswick 1 

Buncombe 3 

Burke 1 

Cabarrus 2 

Caldwell 1 

Camden 1 

Carteret - 1 

Caswell 1 

Catawba 1 

Chatham 1 

Cherokee 1 

Chowan 1 

Clay 1 

Cleveland 1 

Columbus .... 1 

Craven 1 

Cumberland 2 

Currituck 1 

Dare 1 

Davidson 1 

Davie 1 

Duplin 1 

Durham 2 

Edgecombe 1 

Forsvth 3 



No. of 
County Reps. 

Franklin 1 

Gaston 2 

Gates 1 

Graham 1 

Granville 1 

Greene — 1 

Guilford 4 

Halifax 1 

Harnett 1 

Haywood -.1 

Henderson 1 

Hertford 1 

Hoke 1 

Hyde 1 

Iredell 1 

Jackson 1 

Johnston 2 

Jones 1 

Lee 1 

Lenoir 1 

Lincoln 1 

Macon -_ 1 

Madison 1 

Martin 1 

McDowell 1 

Mecklenburg 4 

Mitchell 1 

Montgomery 1 

Moore 1 

Nash 1 

New Hanover 1 

Northampton .... 1 

Onslow 1 

Orange - 1 



No. of 
C(>u)ity Reps. 

Pamlico 1 

Pasquotank 1 

Pender 1 

Perquimans 1 

Person 1 

Pitt 2 

Polk 1 

Randolph 1 

Richmond 1 

Robeson 2 

Rockingham 1 

Rowan .... 2 

Rutherford 1 

Sampson 1 

Scotland 1 

Stanly _. 1 

Stokes .___ , 1 

Surry 1 

Swain 1 

Transylvania .... 1 
Tyrrell ._........:„... 1 

Union ,^ 1 

Vance . 1 

Wake ...^ 3 

Warren ..-iJ!;. 1 

Washington 1 

Watauga 1 

Wayne 1 

Wilkes .1 

Wilson 1 

Yadkin 1 

Yancey 1 



STATE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM FOR 

1958 

The Democrats of North Carolina, duly assembled in convention 
in Raleigh, on the 15th day of May, 1958, endorse the record of the 
Democratic Party in North Carolina and the Nation and offer the 
following as the Platform of the Democratic Party of North Caro- 
lina for 1958 and 1959: 

National Affairs 

We point with pride to that great and prosperous era in our 
Nation's history, 1932-1952, when the people of the United States 
entrusted the management of National affairs to the Democratic 
Party. Progressive measure after progressive measure, designed by 
the Democratic Administration to protect and promote the well be- 
ing of all the people of America became the law of the land. Our 
free enterprise system was saved from collapse by this series of 
foresighted measures, and agriculture, business, and labor enjoyed 
a period of prosperity unknown during those periods when the 
Republican Party was in power. Since 1952, the Republican Party 
has held the Presidency and through its Executive branch the 
power to administer National affairs. Although the great Demo- 
cratic pleasures still remain the law of the land, their administra- 
tion under the Republicans has been entrusted to spiritless admin- 
istrators in many instances out of sympathy with their aims and 
objects. The failure of the Republicans to administer these pro- 
grams from the vantage point of the common man has resulted In 
a depression in our economy today similar to those which have 
characterized previous Republican administrations. Despite elec- 
tion promises, the Republicans have followed a policy with regard 
to agriculture, business, labor, and foreign affairs of "too little and 
too late". But, regardless of Republican administration fiscal pol 
icles which have stalled the economic progress of our Nation, North 
Carolina under aggressive Democratic leadership has been able to 
continue its progressive services to the people of this State and 
maintain its unquestioned solvency and good financial reputation. 

The Democratic Party in State and Nation has followed the time 
honored principle of "equal opportunity for all and special privi- 
lege for none". The Republican Party is today a government of 
the privileged few by the privileged few for the privileged few. 

141 



142 Noinii Cauoi.i.na Mam ai. 

Now. Democrats of North Carolina in convention assembled call 
upon the believers in dynamic democracy throughout the Nation 
to aid them in restoring prosperity in America and in restoring 
the government of the United States to the people through the 
Democratic Party. 

Congress 

The Democratic delegation from North Carolina has made an 
enviable record in Congress. They have reflected great credit on 
our State and their positions of importance both in the House and 
Senate indicate the vast influence they exert in the affairs of the 
Nation. Four of our Congressmen are Chairmen of important com- 
mittees. No other state enjoys this distinction. 

During this period of Republican administration they have stood 
steadfast when the welfare of the people was threatened. They 
have cast their votes in the National interst in the conduct of our 
Nation's foreign affairs. We commend them for the diligence and 
for the devotion with which they have served their constituents, 
the State of North Carolina, and the Nation as a whole. 

The General Assembly 

The General Assembly of 1957 enacted many far-reaching and 
courageous measures designed to enhance the well-being of the 
people of North Carolina, to strengthen the government of North 
Carolina and to insure North Carolina's progress in the future. 
Recognizing that the economy of North Carolina is going through 
a period of great change, the General Assembly wisely and cau- 
tiously considered the issues raised by this development and enacted 
Legislation to meet it. 

The great majority of the members of the General Assembly are 
members of the Democratic Party and we commend them for their 
interest in the citizens of the State and for legislating for the wel- 
fare of the State as a whole. 

The Hodges Administration 

For half a century the Democratic Party has furnished North 

Carolina with energetic, progressive Governors. His Excellency. 

Governor Luther H. Hodges, is now ably carrying on this notable 

tradition. 

■ During his administration Governor Hodges has demonstrated, 



Dkmocratic Platform 143 

to a marked degree, determination to face squarely the many prob- 
lems the changing economy has posed for North Carolina. He has 
recommended, and seen enacted by the Legislature, far-reaching 
measures affecting governmental reorganization, the tax structure 
and the highways of North Carolina. The 1955 and the 1957 General 
Assemblies were generally in accord with the leadership of Gov- 
ernor Hodges and the record of achievement resulting is one in 
which the Democratic Party of North Carolina takes pride. 

Governor Hodges has continually emphasized the absolute neces- 
sity for increasing our per capita income and has worked unceas- 
ingly for a diversification in the economy of North Carolina to 
achieve an effective balance between agriculture and industry. He 
has vigorously rallied the citizens of North Carolina to meet the 
economic problems confronting them and through his able, con- 
stant and sincere personal application to the problem he has laid 
the foundation which will insure North Carolina's continued lead- 
ership among the States. 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina hereby endorses the 
record of Governor Hodges. We believe it reflects great credit upon 
the Democratic Party of North Carolina. 

Education 

Believing that to an appreciable degree the achievements of our 
State can be attributed to our attentiveness to public education, we 
reaffirm our faith in our children and pledge our support in behalf 
of a school system worthy of the dignity of our people and the 
aspirations of our youth. 

Both in principle and practice, the Democratic Party has to a 
remarkable degree committed the wealth of the State in support 
of the education of all its children. The 1957 Legislature appro- 
priated $320,324,398 to the public schools for the present biennium, 
representing an increase of $55,561,232 ovr the amount appropriated 
for the previous biennium. The last General Assembly also estab- 
lished a Scholarship Loan P^und for Prospective Teachers; estab- 
lished a Program of Training for Mentally Handicapped Children; 
strengthened public laws relating to the protection of children from 
the hazards of school fires; provided a source of revenue with which 
to expand, on a statewide basis, instruction in driver training and 
safety education; liberalized the Teachers and State Employees Re- 
tirement Act; provided for the establishment of Industrial Educa- 



144 NoKiii Carolina Manual 

tion Centers; and authorized the Governor to appoint a commission 
to study public school finance and related prol)lems. These ad- 
vances are indicative of the progressive leadership wliich this Party 
has afforded to the citizens of North Carolina. 

Encouraged by its achievements, and by tlie many evidences of 
public interest in better schools, the Democratic Party pledges fur- 
ther investments in the children and youth of this State, and. 
within the resources available, to be ever responsive to the will of 
the people of this State that their schools be improved and that 
their children be even better educated. 

Higlier Education 

North Carolina believes in College and University education. It 
believes in equal opportunity for all boys and girls, and believes 
that the opportunity wliicli is provided should be the best that can 
be found anywhere. 

The scientific and technological changes of the past lialf-century 
have produced the need for many new programs of specialized edu- 
cation and training. We pledge our support of efforts to meet tliese 
needs. 

At the same time, we will continue to be mindful of the fact tliat 
there are certain aims of education which transcend change. Our 
educational system sliould always be encouraged to provide a sense 
of perspective with respect to the position of the individual in the 
flow of history and of accomplishment. The general and liberal 
education of youth should always be high on the list of priorities 
when choices must be made. 

We express our pleasure in viewing the manner in which citizens 
and churches have increased their support of private colleges and 
universities, and extend to these institutions every good wish in the 
important and necessary role which they play in providing oppor- 
tunity for North Carolina youth. We pledge support of public 
institutions to the end that they, together with private institutions, 
shall move forward as partners in good works on behalf of our 
children, our State and Nation, and other objects of our faith and 
devotion. 

Public Health 

The Democratic Party is proud of the record made in the matter 
of public health in North Carolina. Expanded financial support has 
been provided by successive Democratic Legislatures in North Caro- 



Democratic Platform 145 

lina and the results of this concern for health problems is seen in 
the longer life span and better control of diseases. 

The 1957 Legislature under the leadership of the Democratic ma- 
jority completely rewrote and revised North Carolina's Public 
Health Law. Other public health measures were enacted which 
make increasingly optimistic the outlook for the health of all North 
Carolinians. 

The Democratic Party endorses the outstanding public health 
program in North Carolina and affirms its continuing interest in 
its forward progress. 

Mental Distitutioiis 

North Carolina's program for its mentally ill citizens is now one 
of the outstanding programs in the Nation. Under the leadership 
of Democratic Governors and Democratic Legislators during the 
past 20 years, our mental institutions have made tremendous prog- 
ress. The emphasis has been changed from custody to treatment 
which results in patients leaving the hospitals and being returned 
to society much earlier. Expanded use of modern drugs and psy- 
chiatric treatment have been responsible for dramatic progress. 

The completion of the 44 million dollar permanent improvement 
program will enable North Carolina to make even greater strides 
in the field of mental health in the years to come. The new train- 
ing schools will assist greatly in our program. 

The Democratic Party endorses the enlightened and modern ap- 
proach being made to the problems of the mentally ill. 

Agriculture 

We reaffirm our belief that a vigorous, prosperous agriculture is 
essential to the welfare and prosperity of our people in North Caro- 
lina and throughout the Nation. We have faith in the fundamental 
principles of farm policy developed by Democratic administrations 
down through the years. And we strongly resent the Republican 
conspiracy to discredit these principles and to nullify them piece- 
meal and by indirection. We especially resent the repeated efforts 
of Eisenhower, Benson and Nixon to blame the decline in farm 
prices and income on high, rigid price supports, and deplore their 
complete disregard for the economic well-being of the small farmers 
of America. 

The Republican administration cannot dodge its responsibility 
for the farmer's unhappy economic situation today. During five 



146 NoKTii Cakoi.i.na Mam ai. 

and one-half years of Republican administration, net agricultural 
income has been allowed to sink to the lowest dollar volume in 16 
years, and the farmer's share of the food dollar continues to drou- 

The farmer's economic position must be improved. To this end. 
we advocate the use of whatever reasonable, practicable and demo- 
cratic means may be necessary. We have full confidence in the 
ability of the Democratic Party to overcome the farm crisis which 
is rapidly developing. We cite the successful experience of repeated 
Democratic administrations in administering production programs. 
pric<^ supports and other measures to stabilize our agricultural 
economy and conserve our resources of soil and water. But we do 
not limit ourselves to the use of any particular group of economic 
devices; various "tools" are available to dd the job. We recognize 
the need for avoiding a static frame of mind in dealing with agri- 
cultural problems. 

Flexible price supports, which have formed the basis of the 
Eisenhower-Benson agricultural program, have proved disastrous. 
They have clearly demonstrated that they defeat their own purpose 
by depressing farm prices while failing to reduce production. We, 
therefore, strongly advocate the restoration of fixed support prices 
at not less than 90 per cent of parity whenever farmers indicate 
their willingness to adjust their production to demand. 

Food and fiber are among our most effective weapons for both 
peace and war, and an adequate stockpile should be maintained at 
all times as a safeguard for international emergencies. We recog- 
nize the need, also, for continuing and enlarging the programs for 
distribution of food through school lunchroom and through welfare 
emergency relief agencies. 

We pledge our support to policies and programs which will help 
farm families to maintain a standard of living similar to that 
enjoyed by others. 

We also advocate: 

(1) Continued emphasis on agricultural research, at both State 
and National levels, with a view to further improvement of pro- 
duction efficiency. 

(2) Great effort in the development of new uses and expanding 
markets for farm commodities, the encouragement of increased 
agricultural exports, and the promotion of better marketing practices 
and facilities at home. 



Democratic Platform 147 

(3) New emphasis upon agricultural vocational education, espe- 
cially in bringing technical training to a larger number of dirt 
farmers. 

(4) Continuation of the Soil Conservation Service as a national 
program to maintain and build up our precious resources of soil 
and water. 

(5) Continuation of the Rural Electrification Administration and 
the Rural Telephone Program under vigorous, progressive policies 
which resulted in their success under Democratic administrations. 

(6) Support of adequate agricultural credit facilities making it 
possible for farmers to buy their own farms, and to finance their 
production at reasonable rates of interest. 

(7) Expansion of crop insurance, as need and experience dictate. 
The farm economy of North Carolina is a rapidly changing one. 
Diversification of production and expansion of processing facilities 
will be required to offset the heavy loss caused by the curtailment 
of basic crops. 

The Democratic Party recognizes with pride the outstanding job 
being done by the State Department of Agriculture, North Caro- 
lina State College, the North Carolina Extension Service and other 
related agencies in meeting these economic problems. 

Road.s 

North Carolina has long been known as "the good roads State." 
The North Carolina State Highway Commission has jurisdiction 
over greater mileage of public roads than has the Highway Agency 
of any other state. 

The Legislature of 1957, upon the recommendation of Governor 
Luther H. Hodges, made many administrative changes and new 
approaches to highway matters in North Carolina. The re-organized 
State Highway Commission has adopted a state-wide approach to 
highway construction based upon standard policies and procedures 
and has approached the problem of paving our secondary roads on 
the basis of relative need. Increased emphasis has been placed on 
the necessity for long range planning in the design and location of 
highways. New emphasis has been placed upon acquainting the 
people as far ahead as possible with the location of highways and 
upon a uniform procedure for the acquisition of highway right-of- 
way. An expanded public relations program has been instituted 
both at the administrative staff level and at the Coiuniission level. 



148 NoKTii Cakoi.i.xa Manual 

Tn view of the materially increased Federal funds which will be 
available to North Carolina and the ever mounting traffic volume 
our highways must carry, it is important that the highway program 
of North Carolina be a planned one so that the funds will be ex- 
pended to best advantage for the use of our citizens and the ever 
increasing number of out-of-state vehicles. 

The Democratic Party will continue its efforts to provide ade- 
quate highway facilities for all the people in every section of North 
Carolina. 

Prisons 

The 1957 Legislature under Democratic leadership created a State 
Prison Department to take over control of the State Prison System 
from the State Highway and Public Works Commission. North 
Carolina has continually improved the administration of its prisons 
and has provided a rehabilitation and educational program which 
will enable a large number of its prisoners to learn trades and even- 
tually become self-supporting, law abiding citizens. 

The Democratic Party will continue to exert its efforts toward 
modernization of North Carolina's prison system. 

Parole and Probation 

Parole and probation are recognized as important agencies in the 
rehabilitation of prisoners. North Cai-olina is a pioneer state in 
this phase of government. As a result of a constitutional amend- 
ment in 1955, there was transferred from the Governor's office to 
a Board of Paroles authority to grant, revoke and terminate paroles. 
The experience which this Board has now had indicates that its 
plan of procedure and its rules and regulations are producing highly 
desirable results. 

The Democratic Party endorses the continued enlightened use of 
parole and probation as a means of rehabilitating those convicted 
of crimes and discharging them to become useful members of 
society. 

Higliway Safety 

One of the primary responsibilities of the official leaders of North 
Carolina is the protection of life and property on the highways of 
our State. The Democratic Party takes pride in the achievements 
of Democratic Administrations in making our highways safe and 



Democratic Platform 149 

we are proud of the fact that determined and sustained efforts for 
accident reduction and prevention have resulted in a marked re- 
duction in traffic deaths. 

A progressive development in the promotion of highway safety 
was the enactment of legislation in 1957 which will make possible 
the extension of driver education to increased numbers of high 
school students. 

We are particularly proud of the job being done in the enforce- 
ment field of highway safety by the State Highway Patrol which is 
recognized as one of the outstanding law enforcement agencies in 
the Nation. 

The important role of driver licensing is also recognized in the 
promotion of highway safety. We have a good drivers license pro- 
gram in North Carolina and for the past two years, this program 
has been ranked as the best in the United States. 

The Democratic Party is dedicated to the protection of the lives 
and property of its citizens and the public officials of our State 
engaged in the vital task of saving human lives will continue to 
press for progress in the field of highway safety in North Carolina. 

State and Local Employees 

The Democratic Party recognizes the outstanding record of 
achievement made by the loyal and efficient democratic employees 
of state and local governments in North Carolina. Their service to 
Government in North Carolina has been honest, efficient and cour- 
teous and their devotion to duty has been outstanding. The Demo- 
cratic Party recognizes them as the custodians of our good name 
and as the effective means through which the principles of our 
Party are made manifest and real to the people of Norih Carolina. 

The Democratic Party has always concerned itself with the wel- 
fare of teachers and State employees and the Legislature of 1957, 
under the leadership of the Democratic majority, provided a salary 
increase for teachers and State employees. The Retirement System 
was liberalized and amendments were made to modernize the admin- 
isistration of the system fo rthe benefit of its participants. 

The Democratic Party endorses the continued modernization and 
improvement in all phases of State and Local employment. 

Public Welfare 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina has a history of deep 
concern for the less fortunate of the State's citizens. 



150 NoKTii C.vitoi.i.NA Mamai. 

Through the years, we have sponsored legislation and promoted 
programs designed to meet changing needs — arising in the broad 
area of public welfare as well as in other areas of the State's life. 

The record of the Democratic Party in public welfare is one of 
which North Carolinians can well be proud. It stands the test of 
economy in government. When this program is viewed from the 
standpoint of low administrative costs, qualified staff, or the wider 
base of its services to people in all walks of life to help them help 
themselves — North Carolina compares favorably with any other 
State. 

The rapid growth of the State's child population in recent years 
and the increasing numbers and proportion of older people in the 
total population have made necessary gradually strengthened State 
support for programs for these age groups. Current economic 
trends and the steadily rising cost of living have intensified the 
pressures of this population growth upon the public welfare pro- 
grams of the State. 

Recognizing all of these factors, the Democratic Party will con- 
tinue to seek ways and resources to meet more nearly the unmet 
needs of children too young to work, of persons too disabled to 
work, and of persons too old to work. 

The Democratic Party stands alertly ready to continue to lead 
in a constructive program which will make wise use of the State's 
resources to meet public welfare needs. 

Labor 

More than a million North Carolinians — seven of every ten em- 
ployed adults— earn their livelihood at non-agricultural jobs as 
wage and salary workers. With their skills and labor they produce 
a major part of the State's total income. Many of these workers 
occupy positions of responsibility and leadership in their commun- 
ities, where their influence is felt for civic betterment. Their con- 
tributions, both of talent and toil, are essential to the life and 
future of the State. 

Traditionally friendly to both labor and management, the Demo- 
cratic Party views with pride the great progress made by working 
men and women in recent years. We pledge our continued support 
to a program of humane labor laws, safe and healthful working 
conditions, and fair compensation for the industrial workers who 
contribute so much to the prosperity of the State. No lasting prog- 
ress can come to North Carolina unless it embraces the advance- 



Democratic Platform 151 

ment and welfare of those who, by their labor and skill, contribute 
substantially to our economy. 

The Democratic Party is dedicated to the cause of industrial 
peace and harmony. We take pride in the fact that few strikes 
have occurred during the past two years. Both labor and manage- 
ment are to be commended for this splendid record. 

We also commend the North Carolina Department of Labor for 
the excellent work it has done on behalf of the working men and 
women of North Carolina, standing ever ready to devote its facilities 
to their aid and assistance. 

Departiiieiit of Conservation and Development 

North Carolina has experienced a steady economic growth under 
the leadership of the Democratic Party. However, there remains 
much to be done before we develop the full potentials of the natural 
resources we have. 

Nortli Carolina must continue to encourage new industrial devel- 
opment, both from within as well as from outside the State, and 
the expansion of existing industries in order that we may raise our 
per capita income and produce the revenue for the State services 
our people need. 

An increasing number of new industries are being brought into 
North Carolina as the result of the highly commendable efforts of 
local development organizations working in conjunction with the 
Department of Conservation and Development's Division of Com- 
merce and Industry. 

Under the leadership of Governor Hodges, the Business Develop- 
ment Corporation of North Carolina was established. It has been 
of very material aid in making capital available to new and expand- 
ing industries whose needs cannot be fully met through regular 
banking channels. 

The Research Triangle of North Carolina, in which area are 
located the University of North Carolina, Duke University, and 
North Carolina State College, is in process of being formed. It will 
provide a long-felt need for new and existing industry in North 
Carolina by helping to develop and promote the research potentials 
so necessary to modern industry. 

We recognize that we are on the threshold of a new and challeng- 
ing economic era, and it is most evident that our State, as never 



152 NoiMH Cai;()I.i\a Mam ai. 

before, must conserve, develop and promote the wise use of its 
natural resources.. 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina is pleased with the 
progress being made in these fields and in the attraction of new 
industry to North Carolina, and pledges its whole-hearted support 
in this vital area which means so much to the continued health, 
happiness and prosperity of our people. 

Utilities 

The 1957 revision of the corporate tax laws of our State has at- 
tracted the attention of the Nation and has resulted in many new 
industries moving to North Carolina, with the prospect that the 
industrial development of our State is really just beginning. 

The present Democratic administration is emphasizing the poten- 
tial advantages to industries in this State, and our own natural 
resources have been presented in such an able and forceful manner 
by our great Governor that the business interests of the Nation are 
looking to North Carolina. 

To meet the needs of this rapid growth the utilities of our State 
are spending vast sums of money so that their services will be 
adequate to meet all requirements. The electric companies are en- 
larging their generating capacity; the telephone companies are 
expanding their services; the natural gas companies are extending 
their mains; the trucking companies are providing the most modern 
equipment; the REA is expanding and extending its telephone and 
electric services to the rural areas of the State in spite of the efforts 
of the Republican administration to cripple the program; and the 
utillities generally are making every preparation to meet all the 
needs that may be required by them in this period of rapid progress. 

The Democratic Party fully realizes that the services of utilities 
and the rates which are charged for such services vitally affect the 
daily lives of all the citizens of North Carolina. Being acutely 
cognizant of these facts, it endorses the efforts of the Utilities Com- 
mission to carry out its responsibility in a way which will serve 
and promote the development of our State and the best interests of 
the citizens of North Carolina. 

Administration of Justice and Law Enforcement 

Prompt and equitable enforcement of the laws and efficient ad- 
ministration of the courts are vital functions of government. 



Democratic Platforai 153 

With recognition of these principles, we commend the adminis- 
tration of justice in North Carolina. The administration of justice 
deals with all of the complex problems affecting our people in both 
civil and criminal matters, and should be subject to periodic and 
careful study and reappraisal. The price of justice is eternal vigil- 
ance. We reiterate our faith and support in a free and independent 
judiciary and in the continuation of the time-honored custom of 
electing, by popular vote, our judges of the Superior and Supreme 
Courts. 

The Democratic Party in North Carolina believes in the suprem- 
acy of the law for all citizens and the fair and impartial enforcement 
of the law. The Party commends the law enforcement agencies 
which have dealt promptly and firmly with every effort of men, 
singly or in organized groups, to set themselves above the law. 

It is imperative to the peace and order of the State that every 
agency of government shall at all times be vigilant in the enforce- 
ment of high codes of conduct for all public servants and that our 
law enforcement agencies continue to act with firmness, prompt- 
ness, and fairness in bringing to the bar of justice those who violate 
the law. 

The protection of the rights of the individual is one of the basic 
foundations of Democratic Government and the Democratic Party 
steadfastly endorses this principle. 

Relation of the Races 

The Democratic Party believes in the preservation of the rights 
and liberties of the citizens of North Carolina as guaranteed to them 
by their Constitution and of the citizens of all the States under the 
Constitution of the United States. As we interpret the Constitu- 
tion of the United States, this includes the right of separation of 
the races in our schools and all institutions involving personal and 
social relations, and the preservation of our right to regulate public 
health, morals, marriage, education, peace, good order, domestic 
tranquility and the general welfare of the citizens of North Caro- 
lina. 

Fiscal Affairs and Government Administration 

The State's fiscal policies and management under Democratic 
administrations have consistently been a source of pride to the 
citizens of our State. In this area we have moved conservatively. 



154 North Caikii.i.na Mam ai. 

])ut nevfi- hesitantly or fearfully. We have been neither radical 
nor reactionary. Our fiscal planning and administrative integrity 
has given North Carolina a credit rating, second to none. We have 
always operated on a balanced budget, and under our Party's lead- 
ership, the State's financial affairs will continue to be conducted in 
a business-like fashion; thus, providing the material resources for 
continued progressive service to the people of our State. 

The Democratic Party, while dedicated to the sound basic stiuc- 
ture in which our State government has traditionally been organ- 
ized, nevertheless has sponsored and carried forward, for many 
years, studies and organizational changes designed to keep North 
Carolina's government modern and efficient in every way. The 
most recent organizational change of major significance has been 
the creation of the Department of Administration. Through its 
creation, the State secures maximum coordination in the functions 
of budgeting, purchasing, and property control and construction, 
and even during the brief period of the Department's existence, 
substantial savings in the day-to-day operations of government have 
been made possible. The Democratic Party will continue its dedica- 
tion to the principles of modern, efficient and economical State gov- 
ernment. 

Taxation 

The 1955 General Assembly created for North Carolina a Tax 
Study Commission charged with the duty of making objective anal- 
yses and careful studies comparing our taxes with those of other 
states. The Commission made recommendations to the 1957 General 
Assembly, and there were enacted into law certain tax changes 
pursuant to these recommendations. The 1957 Legislature continued 
the Tax Study Commission for the same purposes as those for which 
the 1955 Tax Study Commission was created. The Democratic Party 
endorses the continued study of North Carolina's revenue structure. 
A successful system of taxation envisages reappraisal in order to 
raise required revenue and to apportion the cost of government as 
fairly as possible among our people. 

Conclusion 

We pledge ourselves to continue the Democratic Party as a living, 
dynamic force dedicated to the promotion and protection of the 
freedom and dignity of the individual and the welfare of all the 
people. 



Democratic Platform 155 

We, the Democrats of North Carolina, express our gratitude to 
those generations of North Carolinians before us who entrusted to 
our party their faith and their fortune and to those North Caro- 
linians who now entrust to it the administration of the Government 
of this great State. We reassert our belief in the importance of the 
individual, in his right to know, in his right to be educated, in his 
right to worship as he pleases, in his right to pursue the truth, and 
in his right to speak his mind freely on all matters. This sacred 
heritage of free thought and free speech and independent action in 
all the areas of life has been fostered by the Democratic Party since 
the days of its founding by Thomas Jefferson and to its preservation 
our Party is firmly committed. 

We commend the record of the Democratic Party to all forward 
thinking people. It stands always on the side of justice for the 
many and never on the side of privilege for the few. To it political 
power is not only a privilege, but also a responsibility. Its devotion 
to the fundamental principles of Democracy has resulted in its 
unsurpassed record in the Nation and the State as the Party of the 
people. In the pursuit of its principles and ideals lies the hope of 
the future. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

State and District Coinniittees 

Section 1. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall con- 
sist of nine men and nine women from each congressional district 
in the State, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of 
delegates from the congressional districts, held on the morning of 
the State Convention as provided in Section 29 hereof; provided, 
however, that every county shall have at least one member on the 
Committee. 

Sec. 2. As early as is practical after each State Convention, the 
Chairman shall call the State Democratic Executive Committee to 
meet for the purpose of electing a chairman and a vice chairman, 
one of whom shall be a woman, and each of whom shall serve for a 
term of two years, or until his or her successor shall be elected. 

Sec. 3. The Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, as early as practicable after his election, shall appoint his 
advisory or campaign committee, consisting of not less than six nor 
more than twenty-four, with equal representation as to men and 
women, and a secretary of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee. 

Sec. 4. The Congressional Democratic Executive Committee for 
each congressional district in the State shall consist of two mem- 
bers from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the 
preliminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts 
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec- 
tion 29 hereof; provided, however, that in any congressional district 
embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of 
three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 5. The Judicial Democratic Executive Committee for each 
judicial district in the State shall consist of two members from each 
county in said district, who shall be elected at the preliminary meet- 
ings of delegates from the congressional districts held on the morn- 
ings of the State Convention as provided by Section 29 hereof; pro- 
vdied, however, that in any judicial district embracing less than 
five counties, the committee shall consist of three members from 
each county in the district. 

Sec. 5-A. The Solicitorial Democratic Executive Committee for 
each solicitorial district in the State shall consist of two members 

1.56 



Plax of Organization 157 

from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the pre- 
liminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held 
on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Section 29 
hereof; provided, however, that in any solicitorial district embrac- 
ing Iss than five counties, the committee shall consist of three 
members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 6. The State Senatorial Executive Committee for each sena- 
torial district in the State which comprises more than one county 
shall consist of one member from each county in said district, who 
shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of delegates from the 
congressional districts held on the morning of the State Convention 
as provided by Section 29 hereof. In districts composed of only one 
county, the County Democratic Executive Committee of said county 
shall have jurisdiction as in the matter of county candidates. 

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, as soon as practicable after the State 
Convention, to designate one member as chairman and one member 
as secretary of each of the executive committees provided for in each 
of the foregoing four sections. The State Chairman shall notify 
the members so selected of their appointment, and in case any mem- 
ber shall fail or decline to accept such appointment, he shall appoint 
some other member in his stead. 

Sec. 8. All Democratic Executive Committees shall meet at such 
times and places as the chairman of the respective committees may 
appoint and designate in the call. If for any reason there should 
occur a vacancy in the chairmanship of any executive committee, or 
if such chairman should be incapacitated or should fail or refuse to 
act, the secretary shall call a meeting of said executive committee 
for the purpose of electing a successor to the said chairman. If no 
meeting shall be called within five days after such vacancy occurs, 
then any other officer of said executive committee, or any three 
members thereof, may call a meeting to fill said vacancy; provided, 
however, if such vacancy shall be in a state senatorial executive 
committee, in that event, any member thereof after said vacancy 
shall have existed for five days, may call a meeting to fill such 
vacancy. 

At meetings called and held by the State, Congressional, Judicial, 
Solicitorial. and State Senatorial Democratic Executive Committees, 
a majority of the membership of the committees, shall constitute a 
quorum. Members may be represented in person or by proxy. 



158 North Carolina Ma.mai. 

Sec. 9. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall have the 
power to fill all vacancies occurring in said committee: vacancies 
occurring in congressional, judicial, and senatorial committees shall 
be filled by the executive committee of the county in v^hich such 
vacancies occur; precinct committees shall fill all vacancies occur- 
ring in their respective committee. 

Sec. 10. All officers of the State Executive Committee and the 
National Committeeman and the National Committeewoman from 
the State, and the President, National Committeeman, and National 
Committeewoman of the Young Democratic Clubs of the State shall 
be ex-officio membei"s of the Committee with the power to vote. 

Sec. 11. All executive committees shall have the power to appoint 
subcommittees or special committees for such purposes and with 
such powers, in their respective jurisdictions, as may be deemed 
necessary or desirable. 

Sec. 12. In each election year the Chairman of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee shall convene said Committee in the 
City of Raleigh on or before the lUth day of March, and at said 
meeting the following business shall be transacted: 

(a) The time and place of holding the State Convention shall be 
determined and duly published. 

(b) A common day shall be fixed, on which all precinct meetings 
shall be held for the election of delegates to the county conventions. 

(c) A common day shall be fixed for the holding of a county con- 
vention in each county in the State for the purpose of electing dele- 
gates to the State Convention. 

(d) Elect one member from each Congressional District to the 
Resolutions and Platform Committee. It shall be the duty of the 
Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee to desig- 
nate one member of said Committee as Chairman and one member 
as Secretary. The Committee upon call of the Chairman shall or- 
ganize and prepare the Party's proposed platform and consider all 
proposed resolutions addressed to the Democratic Convention. (This 
sub-section shall not become effective until July 1, 1958.) 

Sec. 13. Immediately after the adjournment of the aforesaid 
meeting of the State Democratic Executive Committee, it shall be 
the duty of the chairman to publish the proceedings of the same, 
and it shall be the duty of the secretary of the committee to notify, 
in writing, the several chairmen of the County Democratic Execu- 



Plax of Organi/atiox 159 

tive Committees in the State of the respective dates so fixed for the 
holding of precinct meetings and county conventions. Directly after 
receipt of such notice it shall be the duty of each chairman of a 
County Democratic Executive Committee in the State to fix the hour 
and places for holding the precinct meetings in his county, the hour 
and place for holding the meeting of the County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee required by the provisions of Section 20 to be held 
on the day of the county convention: and thereupon the said chair- 
man shall issue a call for the precinct meetings, the county conven- 
tion, and the meetings of the County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee. The call shall be in writing and. at least ten days before 
the day set for the precinct meetings, it shall be posted at the court- 
house door of the county and copies thereof shall be sent to the 
chairmen of all precinct committees in the county; a copy of the 
call also shall be sent as a news item to each newspaper published 
in the county. 

County and Precinct Organization 

Sec. 14. The unit of county organization shall be the voting pre- 
cinct. In each precinct there shall be an executiev committee con- 
sisting of five active Democrats, at least two of whom shall be 
women, who shall be elected by the Democratic voters at the pre- 
cinct meeting called by the chairman of the County Democratic 
Executive Committee as provided in this plan of organization. The 
precinct committee so elected shall elect from its membership a 
chairman and a vice chairman, one of whom shall be a woman. 

Sec. 15. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chair- 
man of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chairman 
of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both the chair- 
man and the vice chairman, any member of the committee may 
preside. 

Sec. 16. At the said precinct meeting, the Democratic voters in 
attendance shall elect delegates and alternates to represent the pre- 
cinct in the county convention; and said delegates or alternates, or 
such of them as shall attend the county convention, shall be entitled 
to vote the full democratic strength of their precinct upon all ques- 
tions, nominations, or elections which may come before the county 
convention. The chairman, or presiding officer, and the secretary 
of the precinct meeting shall certify to the county convention the 
names of the delegates and alternates selected at the meeting. 



160 XoitTJi Cakoli.na Ma.xlal 

Sec. 17. Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county con- 
vention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote for 
fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for (Governor 
at the last preceding gubernatorial election: provided that every 
precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the county con- 
vention, and each precinct may ajipoint as many delegates to said 
convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three delegates and three 
alternates for each vote to which said precinct may be entitled in 
the county convention. 

Sec. 18. At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall be 
taken on the different questions, nominations, and elections antici- 
pated to come before the county convention, and in that event, the 
chairman or presiding officer and the secretary of the precinct meet- 
ing shall certify to the county convention the vote so cast, and the 
relative vote as fixed in the precinct meeting shall not be changed 
in the county convention, except by two-thirds vote of the entire 
unit of delegates desiring to change its vote. 

Sec. 19. In case there shall be a failure to hold a precinct meet- 
ing in pursuance of the call of the chairman of the county demo- 
cratic executive committee, or if at any meeting there shall be a 
failure to elect delegates to the county convention, in either event, 
the precinct democratic executive committee shall appoint the dele- 
gates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the precinct. 

Sec. 20. The chairman of the several precinct committees shall 
compose the County Democratic Executive Committee, which shall 
meet on the same day as the county convention first held in each 
election year, the meeting to be held either before or after the con- 
vention at an hour and place to be designated in the call issued in 
pursuance of Section 13 hereof. At said meeting a chairman of said 
county executive committee shall be elected. Immediately after the 
election ot the chairman, the committee shall elect one or more, but 
not exceeding three, vice chairmen, and also a secretary. If more 
than one vice chairman shall be elected the order of their succession 
shall be designated by title, e.g., first vice chairman, second vice 
chairman, third vice chairman. Either the chairman or the first 
vice chairman shall be a woman. The chairman, vice chairman or 
vice chairmen, or secretary need not be members of the County 
Democratic Executive Committee, but all of said officers shall be 
ex-officio members of the committee, with the power to vote, how- 
ever, at any organizational meeting of said County Democratic 



Plan of Organizatiots^ 161 

Executive Committee said ex-officio members shall not have the 
power to vote. If for any reason there should occur any vacancy 
in the chairmanship of a county executive committee, by death, res- 
ignation, or removal, or if such chairman should be incapacitated 
or should fail or refuse to act, then the vice chairman or vice chaii'- 
men. in their order of succession, and thereafter the secretary, shall, 
in such order of succession, be vested with the full authority and 
power of the chairman until such time as said county executive 
committee has met and duly elected a successor to such chairman. 
A majority of said precinct chairmen, or in the absence of the chair- 
man of any precinct the vice chairman of such precinct, or in the 
absence of the chairman and vice chairman, in the person of some 
active Democrat of the precinct in which such absent chairman and 
vice chairman reside, by proxy of the chairman, shall constitute a 
quorum. The county executive committee may appoint a central 
committee of five who shall act in its stead when the county execu- 
tive committee is not in session. 

Sec. 21. In case there shall be a failure to elect any precinct 
executive committee prior to the day of the county convention, the 
County Democratic Executive Committee at its meeting held on the 
day of the said convention shall appoint the committee for such 
precinct. 

Sec. 22. The county executive committee shall have power to 
make any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it 
may deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this 
plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and furnish 
all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said pre- 
cinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals therefrom; 
and it shall have the power to raise the funds necessary to pay for 
expenses thereof. 

Sec. 23. All county conventions shall be called to order by the 
chairman of the executive committee of such county, and in his 
absence, by the vice chairman or by one of the vice chairmen in the 
order of succession set out in Section 20 hereof, and in his or their 
absence, by any member of the county executive committee who 
may be present at the convention, and in case none of the foregoing 
persons shall be present, then by any delegate to the convention, 
and he shall preside until a permanent chairman is elected by the 
convention. 

Sec. 24. The chairman shall provide the convention with a suf- 
ficient number of secretaries or ready accountants, who shall reduce 



162 North CAitoi.ixA Manual 

the votes to decimals and tabulate the same, disregarding all frac- 
tions after second or hundredth column. 

Sec. 25. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the convention 
from making nomination by viva voce or acclamation where a vote 
by township or precinct is not demanded by any Democratic elector 
present. 

Sec. 26. The County Democratic Executive Committee shall have 
the power to make such other rules and regulations for the holding 
of county conventions not inconsistent herewith, as may be deemed 
necessary or expedient. 

Sec. 27. Any chairman of a county executive committee who an- 
nounces his candidacy for an elective office in the primary shall 
resign immediately as such chairman and the vacancy shall be filled 
as heretofore provided; but any chairman who shall so resign may 
be erelected to such chairmanship if and when a vacancy occurs 
after the primary. 

State Convention Rules 

Sec. 28. The state convention shall be composed of delegates ap- 
pointed by the several county conventions. Each county in the 
State shall be entitled to elect to the State Convention one delegate 
and one alternate for every 150 Democratic votes and one delegate 
and one alternate for fractions over 75 Democratic votes cast therein 
for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election. 

Sec. 29. A preliminary meeting of the delegates shall be held by 
each congressional district on the morning of the State Convention, 
at rooms to be designated by the State Executive Committee, for 
the purpose of selecting the following committees and officers of the 
convention: 

One member of the committee on Resolutions and Platform, (on 
and after July 1, 1958, this section inapplicable.) 

1. One member of the committee on Permanent Organization, 
Rules, and Order of Business, which committee will nominate a per- 
manent president and secretary of the convention. 

2. One vice president of the convention. 

3. One district assistant secretary. 

4. One member of the committee on Credentials and Appeals. 

5. Nine men and nine women as members of the State Democratic 
Executive Committee, with at least one member being selected from 
each county. 



Pl.AX OF OlUiAXIZATIOX 1(33 

6. Two members from each county for the Congressional. Judicial, 
and Solicitorial District Democratic Executive Committees; pro- 
vided, however, in districts embracing less than five counties, three 
members of each said committee shall be elected from each county 
in said district. 

7. One member for each county of the State Senatorial Executive 
Committee where the district embraces more than one county. 

S. In each Presidential election year the number of delegates and 
alternates allotted by the National Committee to each Congressional 
District. 

9. In each Presidential Election Year one Presidential Elector 
for each Congressional District. 

Sec. 29A. (a) The State Convention shall elect the delegates to 
the National Convention who shall convene promptly at the call of 
the National Committeeman after their election and nominate the 
National Committee representatives and such other officers as are 
required by the Democratic National Committee. 

(b) The State Convention shall confirm the nominations for Pres- 
idential Electors certified by the several districts and, in addition 
thereto, shall nominate two Presidential Electors at Large. 

Sec. 30. Such delegates (or alternates of absent delegates), as 
may be present at any Democratic Convention shall be allowed to 
cast the whole vote to which their precinct or county may be en- 
titled. 

Sec. 31. In all conventions provided for by this plan, after a vote 
is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until the final result 
of the ballot shall be announced by the chairman of said convention. 

Sec. 32. The chairman of the different county conventions shall 
certify the list of delegates and alternates to the State Convention, 
and a certified list of said delegates and alternates to the secretary 
of th State Executive Committee. 

Sec. 33. The secretary of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee shall make up a roll of all delegates and alternates from the 
several counties and transmit the same to the chairman of tlie State 
Convention. 

Sec. 34. In all conventions a nomination may be made by any 
majority, even though it be a fraction of a vote. 

Sec. 35. In all State Conventions it shall be the duty of the dele- 
gates from the several counties to choose one of their number chair- 
man, whose name shall be reported to the president of such conven- 



164 Noinn Carolina Manual 

tion. and whose duty it shall be to cast the vote of his county as 
directed, and the vote as announced by him shall be recorded unless 
some delegate from that county shall challenge its accuracy, in 
w^hich event it shall be the duty of the president of the convention 
to cause the roll of delegates from that county to be called, when 
the vote of such county shall be tabulated and recorded according 
to the response of its delegates: but in no event shall the vote of one 
county be challenged by a delegate from another county. 

Rotation of State Senators in Districts Composed of 
More Than One County 

Sec. 36. That in all State Senatorial Districts composed of more 
than one county, in which it has been the custom to concede the 
right to nominate a senator to one county of the district, by a plan 
of rotation or otherwise the same shall remain in full force and 
effect until terminated as herein provided. 

The executive committees of the several counties composing such 
Senatorial District may hereafter adopt a plan for the nomination 
of candidates for the State Senate by one or more counties com- 
posing such district, but such plan shall not be effective until the 
executive committee of each of the counties composing the district 
shall, by a majority vote, approve such plan and tile with the chair- 
man of the State Executive Committee a copy of tlie resolution ap- 
proving the same. The agreement in any senatorial district com- 
posed of only two counties may be terminated by a majority vote of 
the county executive committee of any one of the counties and in 
districts of more than two counties by a majority vote of each of 
the executive committees of at least two counties, provided that 
notice of the termination of such agreement must be filed with the 
chairman of the State Executive Committee at least 120 days in 
advance of the date of the primary election at whicli the candidates 
for the General Assembly are to be nominated. The chairman of the 
State Executive Committee shall promptly notify the State Board 
of elections of all such agreements and of the termination thereof. 

Nomination of Candidates for Connty and Township Offices and 
for the General Assembly in Counties Not Under Primary Law 

Sec. 37. In all counties in which the selection of candidates for 
members of the General Assembly and county and township offices 
is not provided for by the primary law, nominations shall be made 
in the following manner: 



Plan of Organizatiox 165 

(a) The county democratic executive committee shall meet and 
set a time and place for holding a county convention for the nomi- 
nation of candidates for the aforesaid offices, and shall also set the 
time and places for holding the necessary preliminary precinct 
meetings, and thereupon the chairman of the county executive com- 
mittee shall issue a call for the precinct meetings and the county 
convention, notice of which call shall be sent to the precinct officials 
and published in such manner and form as shall be directed by the 
said county executive committee. 

(b) At the meeting held in each precinct in pursuance of said 
notice, delegates and alternates to represent it in the county conven- 
tion shall be elected from the body of the Democratic voters of the 
precinct; and said delegates or alternates, or such of them as shall 
attend the county convention shall be entitled to vote the full Demo- 
cratic strength of their precinct in the nomination of candidates 
and upon all questions which may come before said county con- 
vention. 

If there is a failure to hold a precinct meeting in pursuance of 
said notice, or if said meeting shall fail to elect delegates to repre- 
sent it in said convention, the precinct executive committee shall 
appoint delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the 
precinct. 

( c ) Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county conven- 
tion one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote for frac- 
tions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for Governor at 
the last preceding gubernatorial election: provided that every pre- 
cinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the county coa- 
vention, and each precinct may appoint as many delegates to said 
convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three delegates and three 
alternates for each vote to which said precinct may be entitled in 
the county convention. 

( d I The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chairman 
of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chairman of 
the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both the chair- 
man and vice chairman, any member of the committee may preside. 

(e) The county executive committee shall have power to make 
any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it may 
deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this plan; 
it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and furnish all 
forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said precinct 
meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals therefrom. 



166 North Cakoi.ixa Mamal 

AppoinfiiKMit of DniKxrafir Mpinbors of County 
lioard of Kleotions 

Sec. 38. The chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee in 
each county shall, before submitting to the State Chairman recom- 
mendations as to Democratic members of the county Board of Elec- 
tions in such county, call a meeting of the Democratic executive 
committee of the county and submit such recommendations for the 
approval of the executive committee, and only when such recom- 
mendations are approved by a majority of the committee present, 
shall same be submitted to the State Chairman by the county chair- 
man. The time of such meeting of the respective county executive 
committees for the purpose of passing on such recommendations 
shall be fixed by the State Chairman. 

No Chairman of a County Democratic Executive Committee shall 
be eligible to serve as a member of a County Board of Elections. 

Miscellaneous Provisions 

Sec. 39. In the several counties of the State where primaries are 
provided for by law, whether optional or mandatory, this plan of 
organization shall nevertheless be followed in all matters not in- 
consistent with such laws. 

Sec. 40. In the nomination of candidates for municipal offices to 
be voted for in any town or city election, where the same is not 
controlled by charter or legislative enactment, a municipal demo- 
cratic executive committee may be created for the purpose of facili- 
tating the orderly selection of such candidates. The committee shall 
be composed of five residents of the municipality, at least two of 
whom shall be women, to be elected biennially at a meeting of all 
members of the regular precinct executive committee or committees 
who reside in the municipality, the meeting to be called and presided 
over by the chairman of the county democratic executive committee. 
It shall be the sole function of any municipal democratic executive 
committee created under the provisions of this section to supervise 
and direct the selection of candidates for municipal offices, and in 
so doing, the committee shall follow in principle the procedure set 
out in Section 37 hereof, and to that end, the committee may formu- 
late such rules and regulations as may be deemed necessary, prac- 
ticable, and fair in applying in principle the procedure set out in 
said Section 87. The committee shall elect from its membership a 



Pr.Ax OF Organization Ifi" 

rhainnan and vice chairman, one of whom shall be a woman; and 
all vacancies in membership shall be filled by the committee. 

Filling Vacancies Among Candidates and Selecting 
Candidates in Si)ecial Elections 

Sec. 41. Vacancies shall be filled among candidates, and the selec- 
tion of candidates shall be as prescribed by G. S. 163-145 as follows: 

FILLING VACANCIES AMONG CANDIDATES. In the event that 
any person nominated in any primary election, or a person who has 
been declared nominated without opposition after the time for filing 
notice of candidacy has expired, as the candidate of a political party 
for a State Office, including the office of U. S. Senator, shall die, 
resign before the date of the ensuing general election, the vacancy 
in the nomination caused thereby shall be filled by the action of the 
State Executive Committee of such political party in which the 
vacancy occurred; in the event of such a vacancy in the nomination 
of a candidate for a district office, including the offices of Repre- 
sentative in the Congress of the United States. .ludge of the Superior 
Court, Solicitor or State Senator in a Senatorial District composed 
of more than one county, the same shall be filled by the action of 
the appropriate executive committee for such district of such polit- 
ical party in which the vacancy occurred; and in the event of such 
vacancy in the nomination of a candidate for a county office, or the 
State House of Representatives, or the State Senate in a district 
composed of only one county, and including the county entitled to 
furnish the Senator under a rotation agreement as provided for in 
G. S. Section 163-113, the same shall be filled by the action of the 
executive committee of the party affected thereby in the county 
wherein such vacancy occurred; provided that where the general 
election ballots have already been printed before the vacancy occurs 
then G. S. Section 163-153 shall apply. Provided that except in case 
of the death of a candidate who is required by law to file his Notice 
of Candidacy with a County Board of Elections no substitution of 
candidates may be made after the primary or convention except by 
order of the County Board of Elections for good cause shown. 

In the event that any vacancy in any elective office, except a 
county office other than the office of Clerk of Superior Court, should 
occur at any time within ten days prior to the closing of tlie filing 
time as now prescribed by law for the office in which such vacancy 
occurs or after such closing of the filing time and thirty days prior 



16S North Cauoi.i.na Manual 

to the next general election, a nomination shall be made by the 
proper executive committee of all political parties as above provided, 
and the names of the party candidate^ so nominated shall be print- 
ed on the official general election ballots, provided that where the 
general election ballots have already been printed before the vacancy 
occurs, then the provisions of G. S. Section 163-153 shall apply: and 
in the event of any such vacancy arising in any elective office more 
than ten days prior to the closing of the filing time, as now pre- 
scribed by law, for candidates to file for the office affected, nomina- 
tions of party candidates for such office shall be made in the ensuing 
primary election, and all candidates for said oft'ice shall file their 
notices of candidacy with the proper Board of Elections as is pro- 
vided for in G. S. Sections 163-119 and 163-120: provided that in all 
special elections held for Congressmen the provisians of G. S. Section 
163-105 shall apply. 

In the event of a vacancy iu the office of a Clerk of a Superior 
Court within thirty days prior to a general election, then the nomi- 
nation of a party candidate shall be made by the County Executive 
Committee. 

Sec. 42. The right of appeal shall lie from any subordinate com- 
mittee or convention to the committee or convention next superior 
thereto, and in all county or state conventions appeals shall first be 
referred to the committee on Credentials and Appeals, or a special 
committee provided by the convention, and the findings and reports 
of such committee had before action thereon by the convention. 

Sec. 43. It shall be the duty of the county executive committees 
and their chairman to make such reports and furnish such informa- 
tion to the chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee 
and chairman of the several district committees as the said State 
and district chairmen may desire. 

Sec. 43-A. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall ap- 
point a committee of three whose duty it shall be to audit, not less 
frequently than biennially, the financial accounts and balances of 
the Committee. 

Amendments to Plan of Organization 

Sec. 44. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall, by a 
majority vote of the full committee, have power to amend this plan 
of organization. 



Plan of Organization 169 

The foregoing is the plan of organization of the Democratic party 
of North Carolina as adopted by the State Democratic Executive 
Committee, at a meeting held in the city of Raleigh on the 5th day 
of March, 1918, together with all amendments thereto up to and 
including a regular meeting of said committee held in the City of 
Raleigh on March 1, 1958. 

JOHN D. LARKINS. JR., 
Chairman. 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(From list t'lii-nishcd b> S«'< reljiry, State Democratic 
Kxcciitivc Coniinittcc) 

STATE DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1958 

OFKKKRS 

Chairnian Woodrow \V. Jones, RuttuTfordton 

A'ipe-Cliairman Mrs. .Ti)hii T. Richardson. RaUiuli 

Secretary Steve Ximocks, rayettevllle 

EX-OFFICIO 

President, Young Democratic Clubs of N.C Robert il. Davis, Salisbury 

National romniitteeman Jolin I>. Larkins, Jr., Trenton 

National Committeewoman Mis. B. B. Everett. I'alniyra 

National Committeeman, Young Democratic Clubs H. I). Harrison, Jr.. Raeford 

National Committeewoman, Young Democratic Clubs Betty June Hayes, Hillsboro 

Committees 
First District 

Beaufort 3Irs. Scott Topping Pantego 

Beaufort John A. Winfield Pinetown 

Camden Mrs. Jerry Forbes Sliiloh 

Chowan A. B. Harless Edenton 

Currituck Mrs. Dudley Bagley Moyock 

Dare R- Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Gates A. P. Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Hertford Joe B. Burden Ahoskic 

Hyde Mrs. Dick O'Neal New Holland 

Martin Mrs. Elbert S. Peele Willianiston 

Martin Hugh Horton Willlamston 

Pasquotank Mrs. Norma Shannonhouse Ellzabetli City 

Pasquotank John H. Hall Elizabeth City 

Perquimans J. Emmet t Winslow Hertford 

Pitt Mrs. \V. 1. Bissette Griffon 

Pitt John G. Clark Greenville 

Tyrrell Mrs. Borden McCless Columbia 

9 Washington .Carl L. Bailey Plymouth 

Second District 

Bertie Mrs. C. W. Beasley Colcraln 

Bertie .Charles H. Jenkins Aulander 

Bertie John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Edgecombe John H. Price Tarborn 

Edgecombe Mrs. J. W. Sexton Rock>' Mount 

Greene Mrs. H. Maynard Hicks Snow Hill 

Greene Frank L. Walston Walstonburg 

Halifax Mrs. Fletcher H. Gregory, Jr Wcldon 

Halifax .Eric \V. Rodgers Scotland Neck 

Lenoir John G. Dawson Klnston 

Lenoir Mrs. Woodrow Taylor Deep Run 

Northampton Archie C. Gay Jackson 

Northampton Mrs. Grace D. Parker Lasker 

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warrenton 

Warren Mrs. Barker Williams Warrenton 

Wilson Mitchell P. Farrls Wilson 

Wilson Mrs. Dudley Jones , Wilson 

Wilson Mrs. A. Roy Moore Wilson 

I 170 



State Committees, Democratic 171 



Third District 

Carteret C. {.. Holliiiui Beaufort 

Carteret ilrs. Rose Merrill Beaufort 

Craven D. L. Ward New Bern 

Craven Miss Theresa Shipp \evv Bern 

Duplin A. M. Britt Warsaw 

Duplin Mrs. Winifred T. Wells Wallace 

Jones -W. Murray Wiitaker Trenton 

Jones -Mrs. John D. Larltins Trenton 

Onslow -C. L. Sabiston Jacksonville 

Onslow JVIrs. Martlia Burton Jacksonville 

Pamlico M. D. Brinson Grantsboro 

Pamlico Mrs. E. R. Goodwin Oriental 

Pender Ashle.v M. Murphy Atkinson 

Pender Mrs. Robert Grady Johnson Buitiaw 

Sampson Jlenry Vann Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. Jack Poole Clinton 

Wayne .W. Dortch Langston Goldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. Sue C. Hooks Fremont 

Fourth District 

Chatham Mrs. Margaret Sharpe Rt. 3, Chapel Hill 

Chatliam J. S. Wrenn Siler City 

Franklin : .Walter E. Fuller Rt. 3, Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. A. E. Hall Youngsville 

Johnston Boy Atkinson Clayton 

Johnston Mrs. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Johnston Hughes Lamm Selma 

Xash Mrs. Henry M. Milgrom Battleboro 

Nash O. B. Moss Spring Hope 

Nash Mrs. G. Ralph Strickland Rt. 2, Middlesex 

Randolph Mrs. Fletclier Craven Ramseur 

Randolph J. D. Ross, Sr Asheboro 

Vance Mrs. Henry Mangum Rt. 1, Henderson 

Vance i'red S. Royster Henderson 

Wake : Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Wake .Thomas Banks Garnre 

Wake Mrs. J. M. Broughton Holt Drive, Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. h. M. Massey Zebulon 

Fifth District 

Caswell Mrs. Jos. H. Warren Prospect Hill 

Caswell W. A. Cobb Rt. 1, Ruffin 

Forsyth Bert L. Bennett, Jr Winston -Salem 

Forsyth Mrs. Eunice Ayers Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Calvin Graves Winston-Salem 

Granville N. E. Cannady Oxford 

Granville Wesley Fleming Northside 

Granville Mrs. D. G. Brummitt Oxford 

Person R. L. Harris Roxboro 

Person E. P. Warren Hurdle Mills 

Rockingham J. Hoyle Stultz Draper 

Rockingham John Smith, Jr Leaksville 

Rockingham Mrs. V.race Carter Klappert Madison 

Stokes Mrs. (irace Rodenbough Walnut Cove 

Stokes William F. Marshall Walnut Cove 

Surry Mrs. Joe Fowler. Jr Mt. Airy 

Surry T. Dudley Simmons Pilot Mountain 

Surry J. Livingston Williams Elkin 

Sixth District 

Alamance Mrs. John H. Vernon, S:- Burlington 

Alamance D. B. Paris (Jrahani 

Alamance E. T. Sanders Burlington 



(, 



'i 



172 North Carolina Manual 



Alamance .Eugene A. (iordon Burlington 

Durham A. W. Kenimn Wachovia Bldg., Durham 

Durham Mrs. A unit' Laurie Bugg Durham 

Durliam Rnhert D. Holleman Durham 

Durham I- I'- Dean Durham 

Durham Arthur Vann Durham 

(iuilfiiicl 0. A. KirUnian High Point 

Ouilfiird Mrs. Hunter Dalton, Sr High Point 

(iuilford Eugene G. Shaw Greensboro 

Guilford A. W. Sapp, Sr Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Mary Ward Rt. 1, McLeansville 

Guilford Mrs. .1. R. Morris Greensboro 

Orange Mrs. Virginia Nicholson Chapel Hill 

Orange it- O. Forrest Hillsboro 

Seventh District 

f{lj,(]en James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Bladen '-'.!!'.! .Mrs. E. F. Merulloch Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Mrs. H. E. Mintz Bolivia 

Brunswicl^.^^ '"" S. E. Frink Southport 

Columbus r*''- Ross Williamson Tabor City 

Columbus.'^."'.. W. A. Thompson .. Lake Waccamaw 

Columbus Mrs. Lolly Johnson White ville 

Cumberland..... Xester Carter. .Tr Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Grady Howard Spring Lake 

Cumberland Steve Nimocks Fayetteville 

Harnett L- M- Chaffin Lillington 

Harnett Mrs. Evelegh Davis Erwin 

New Hanover Mrs. Alice Strickland Wilmington 

New Hanover R- M. Kermon Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. T. .1. Cause Wilmington 

Robeson I. M. Biggs Lumberton 

Robeson James Watson Red Springs 

Robeson Mrs. Lois. Alexander McDonald 

Eighth District 

Anson James A. Hardison Wad'esboro 

Davidson Mrs. Charles Graham Rt. 1. Linwood 

Davidson J- Lee Wilson Lexington 

Davie Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville 

Hoke J- Benton Thomas Raeford 

Lee Ralph Monger, Jr ::: Sanford 

Lee D. F. Harris Sanford 

Montgomery Wade Bruton Raleigh 

Moore W. P. Saunders. Raleigh 

Moore Mrs. Bess McCaskill Carthage 

Richmond Hugh A. Lee Rockingham 

Richmond Dr. W. H. Parson Ellerbe 

Scotland... T. R. Dairy mple Laurinburg 

Union H. R. Smith Monroe 

Union Edith Marsh Raleigh 

Wilkes W. JI. Carrington North Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Mrs Norma Stevenson North Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Fred J. Brandon Yadkinville 

Ninth District 

Alexander C. K. Sherrill Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Alleghany R. F. ('rouse Sparta 

Alleghany Mrs. Edna Thompson Sparta 

Ashe .". Ira T. Johnston Jefferson 

Ashe Mrs. W. Dean McMillan West Jefferson 

Caldwell E. F. Allen... Lenoir 

Caldwell R. L. Bradley Lenoir 

Caldwell Mrs. Margaret B. Moore Lenoir 



State Committees, Democratic 173 

Caldwell F. W. Hoover Lenoir 

Cabarrus J. Lee \Miite Concord 

Cabarrus Mrs. T. S. Dellinger ""ZZ ".Kannapolis 

Iredell D. D. Nantz. Sr States ville 

Iredell Mrs. E. M. Land .Statesville 

Rowan George Uzzell Salisbury 

Rowan Mrs. Uriah G. Lucas Salisbury 

Stanly Vann Smith Oakboro 

Stanly Mrs. Everette Beam Albemarle 

Watauga Wade Brown Boone 

Watauga Mrs. R. C. Bivers "'.'Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery R. T. Lewis Minneapolis 

Avery 3Irs. Hope B. Teaster Minneapolis 

Burke Mrs. A. T. Abernathy Rutherford 

Burke Jack B. Kirksey Morganton 

Burke Livingston Vernon Morganton 

Catawba Adrian Sluiford, Jr Newton 

Catawba Mrs. Jolin Abernathy Newton 

Catawba Mrs. Harry Vanderlinden Hickory 

Lincoln A. E. Tarr Lincolnton 

Lincoln Mrs. Hal Hefner Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Charles W. Tillett Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Herman A. Moore Charlotte 

Mecklenburg .Mrs. Sam Hair Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Grady Cole. Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Francis Fairley Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Wallace D. Gibbs Charlotte 

Mitchell JJ^athan Yelton Raleigh 

Mitchell J\Irs. A. M. Fuller Spruce Pine 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Cleveland 0. M. Mull Shelby 

Cleveland Clyde Nolan Shelby 

Gaston W. 0. Barrett Mt. Holly 

Gaston George A. Jenkins Gastonia 

Gaston Mrs. Rubye I). Rhyne Gastonia 

Madison William M. Roberts Rt. 1, Marshall 

Madison Liston B. Ramsey Marshall 

McDowell Hugh Beam Marion 

McDowell JMrs. John Poteat Marion 

McDowell Jlobert W. Proctor Marion 

Polk Mrs. Janie Thompson Columbus 

Polk Fred Smith Tryon 

Rutiierford Mrs. Ruth Greig Chimney Rock 

Rutherford -O. J. Holler Union Mills 

Rutherford .T. Max Watson Forest City 

Yancey Mrs. Hoiie Buck Rt. 4, Burnsville 

Yancey Judge J. Frank Huskins Burnsville 

Twelfth District 

Buncombe Don Ellas Aslu'ville 

Buncombe Philip Cocke Asheville 

Buncombe JVIrs. Ruth Goodson Asheville 

Cherokee H. L. McKeever Murphy 

Clay -C. L. Davis Hayesville 

Graham Ray Carver Robbinsville 

Haywood Joe X. Tate Waynesville 

Haywood Mrs. Jack West Waynesville 

Henderson Harry E. Budianan Henderson ville 

Henderson Mrs. B. J. Romeo Henderson villc 

Jackson Raymond V. Sutton Sylva 

Jackson Mrs. Dan K. Moore Sylva 



1 



174 NoKTH CAiioi.i.NA Manual 



Macon Clyde West Franklin 

>racon Mrs. Kate Wren Franklin 

Transylvania James C. fJaither Brevard 

Transylvania Mrs. Freeman Hays Brevard 

Swain W. E. Elmore Bryson City 

.Swain Airs. Roberta Whitaker Bryson Citv 



State Democratic Congressional District Executive 

Committee 

1958 

First District 

Beaufort Bernard Voliva Belhaven 

Beaufort J. Leon Patrick Chocowinity 

Camden Bernice B. Fowler Shilnli 

Camden J. H. Push Old Traj) 

Chowan P. S. McMuUan Edenton 

Chowan David Holton Edenton 

Currituck Wilton Walker. .Tr Currituck 

Currituck Dudley Barley Moyock 

Dare -C. R. PiVans Mantef) 

Dare Mrs. Thomas Basnight Manteo 

Gates J. L. Sawyer Gates ville 

Gates R. E. Miller Gatesville 

Hertford Mrs. J. Roy Parker, Sr Alioskie 

Hertford H. W. Whitley Murfreesboro 

Hvde M. A. Matthews Engelhard 

Hyde V. AI. Swindell Fairfield 

Martin Hugh Martin Williamston 

Martin Edgar Gurganus Williamston 

Pasquotank W. L. Tliompson Elizabeth City 

Pascjuotank Mrs. Lonnie Midgette Elizabeth City 

J'erquinians W. F. Ainsley Hertford 

Perquimans J. H. Towe Hertford 

Pitt - C. E. Ilverette Bethel 

Pitt W. I. Bissette Griffon 

Tyrrell *\ E. Morris Columbia 

Tyrrell ."harles Gaboon Columbia 

Wasliington W. T. Freeman Plynioutli 

Wasliington Mrs. .Tames Ward Plynimitli 

Second District 

Bertie H. B. Spruill Windsor 

Bertie Mrs. L. I). Perry Colerain 

Edgecomlie H. Vinson liridgers Tarlioro 

Edgecombe f^. W. Wickliam Tarl)oro 

Greene M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill 

Greene Tack Harrell Snow Hill 

Halifax W. Bernard Allsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

Hal.fax .William E. Bellamy Scotland Xeck 

Lenoir T. C. Hotten R-2, Grifton 

Lenoir ..A. H. .Teffress Kinston 

Northampton T. Ivey Rridgers Conway 

Xorthampton Mrs. .Tulian Porter Severn 

Warren W. E. Turner R-2, Henderson 

Warren R. W. Tliornton Littleton 

Wilson John I). Wilson Wilson 

Wilson H. F. Bell, Jr Wilson 



State Committees, Democratic 175 

Third District 

Carteret J. VV. Davis iJavix 

Carteret 3Irs. Clayton Fulcher, Jr Atlantic 

Craven J. E. Witherington Vanceboro 

Craven Jlrs. U. L. Ward New Bern 

Duplin David N. Henderson ....Wallace 

Duplin Mrs. D. H. Boney Teacheys 

Jones Mrs. George Hughes Pollocks ville 

Jones John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Onslow Herbert E. Eastwood Jacksonville 

Onslow M. X. Llsk Swansboro 

Pamlico J. C. Wiley Grantsboro 

Pamlico Mrs. R. A. Wharton Bayboro 

Pender Hugh Walker Currie 

Pender Mrs. Koy Rowe Burgaw 

Sanip.son J. C. Morrissey Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. Gertrude Cooper Salemburg 

Wavne Harry W. Tatum Goldsboro 

Wa.vne W. P. Grant RFD, Goldsboro 

Fourth District 

Cliatham John M. McQueen Gulf 

Chatham Mrs. Doris Horton Pittsboro 

Franklin .>. A. E. Hall Youngsville 

Franklin T. M. Harris R-4, Louisburg 

Johnston Mrs. Oscar Boyette Princeton 

Johnston Tom Davis Selma 

Nash Don T. Evans Rocky Mount 

Nash John Weaver Rocky Mount 

Randolph S. D. Cranford Asheboro 

Randolph Archie L. Smita Asheboro 

Vance George Boyd Henderson 

Vance 0. W. Weldon R-1, Henderson 

Wake Jolm H. Anderson Raleigh 

Wake Banks Arendell Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Caswell.. W. C. Taylor Yanceyville 

Caswell H. R. Thompson Yanceyville 

Forsyth E. T. Pullen Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Clark S. Brown Winston-Salem 

Granville B. S. Royster, Jr Oxford 

GranvilW Clarence Jones Creedmoor 

Person E. (J. Thompson Roxboro 

Person Darcy Biadsher Roxboro 

Rockingham Tom Van Noppen Madison 

Rockingham Charlie Campbell Reidsville 

Rockingham Harry Lindsay Draper 

Stokes J{alph R. Mills Walnut Cove 

Stokes L. W. Williams Walnut Cove 

Surry Franklin Folger Elkin 

Surry Buck Wliite Mt. Any 

Surry W. W. Norman Pilot Mountain 

Sixth District 

Alamance John H. Vernon, Jr Burlington 

Alamance Louis C. Allen, Jr Burlington 

Alamance D. K. Muse Graham 

Durliam .Milton Roherson Durham 

Durham \V. L. Farthing, Jr Durham 

Durham E. J. Agner Durham 

Guilford Mrs. Albert Hart High Point 

Guilford Andrew Jovner Greensboro 

Guilford W. G. Rag.sdale .Jamestown 



176 NoKTii C.vKoi.ixA Manual 



Oiaiitie Harriett HerriiiK Chapel Hill 

Orange fJordon H. Cleveland Chapel Hill 

Orange Hetty .Tunc Hayes Hillsboro 

Seventh District 

Uladen .Tininiy Green Clarkton 

Bladen Jimmv Green Clarkton 

Uladen S. I> Britt Bladenbnro 

Bruiisuick \V. T. Kuss Shallotte 

]?ruiiswick Toe ('. Stanaland Ashe 

Colli minis R- L- Wayne Lake Wapcamaw 

Cumberland Dr. Geddie Monroe Fayqetteville 

Cumlierland Paul E. Gasking Bonnie Doone 

Harnett H. S. Holloway Rt. 2, Fuquay Springs 

Haiiiett Mrs. W. E. Nichols Coates 

New Hanover Mrs. Mamie Godwin Butler Wilmington 

New Hanover C. V. Parrish Wilmington 

Robeson Grady Harrell RFD #1, Shannon 

Robesoh .Mrs. Martha McKinnon Lumberton 

Eighth District 

Anson Walter E. Brock Wadesboro 

Anson ,Iohn Crawford Wadesboro 

Davidson Ford Myers , Thomasville 

Davidson Charlie Williams Lexington 

Davie G. H. C. Shutt Mocksville 

Davie Mrs. Clyde Young Mocksville 

Hoke... .1. Bion Brewer Raeford 

Hoke JefT Harris Raeford 

Lee Robert Dalrymple R-7, Sanford 

Lee J. G. Edwards Sanford 

Montgomery Garland S. Garriss Troy 

Montgomery R. B. .lordon, Jr Mt. Gilead 

Moore J. Hubert McCaskill Plnehurst 

Moore Mrs. W. G. Brown Carthage 

Richmond C. H. Causey Rockingham 

Hicluiiiind Richard Barden East Rockingham 

Scotland Wade Maness Laurinburg 

Scotland J. L. Sutherland Laurinburg 

Union H. H. Wilson, Jr Monroe 

Union H. T. McBride Marsh ville 

Wilkes Homer Brookshire North Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Mrs. Florine Blair North Wilkesboro 

Yadkin .Dale Thomasson Hamptonville 

Yadkin Mrs. Shelly Callaway Clyde 

Ninth District 

Alexander Elbert Bowman Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. Gar Smith Stony Point 

Alleghany W. F. Osbourne Sparta 

Alleghany Edwin Duncan Sparta 

Ashe Wade E. Vannoy, Sr W. Jefferson 

Ashe .Thomas Johnson Jefferson 

Cabarrus D. Kay McEachern Concord 

Cabarrus J. 0. Nolan Kannapolis 

Caldwell J. C. Talbert Lenoir 

Caldwell Mrs. J. C. Spencer Lenoir 

Iredell W. G. Morris Statesville 

Iredell Bill Brawley Mooresville 

Rowan J. F. Hurley, Sr Salisbury 

Rowan L. M. Weisiger Salisbury 

Stanly Oscar Sikes Albemarle 

Stanlv J. B. Little Albemarle 

Watauga Gordon Tayor Boone 

Watauga.^ Grady Moretz Boone 



State Committees, Democratic 177 



Tenth District 

Avery .' Xenneth Anderson Xewland 

Avery Mrs. Kathleen Burleson R-1, Xewland 

Burke H. J. Hatcher Morganton 

Burke -Mrs. Elizabeth Ervin Morganton 

Catawba Donald Creen Hickory 

Catawba Mrs. Marguerite Trott Newton 

Lincoln \V. E. Carrison Lincolnton 

Lincoln Fred Scrouce Vale 

Mecklenburg John Kirk R-10, Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Hugh McAuly Charlotte 

Mitchell JRalph Collin Spruce Pine 

Mitchell -Mrs. Xell K. Wilson Bakersville 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland Robert Morgan Slielby 

Cleveland D. W. Royster Shelby 

Gaston John L. Fraley Cherry ville 

Gaston Wade Mltcheni Gastonia 

Madison Roy Caldwell R-1, Marshall 

Madison Floyd Wallen R-3, Marshall 

McDowell R. J. Mollis Marion 

McDowell .0. F. Atkins Marion 

Polk Aiinabclle Walker Canipobello 

Polk J. W. Durham R-1, Tryon 

Rutherford Roliert Blanton Forest City 

Rutherford Robert Edwards Rutherfordton 

Yancey Paul Buck R-4, Burnsville 

Yancey Luther Robinson Burnsville 

Twelfth District 

Buniombe Fiancis J. Heazel Asheville 

Buncombe Charles \V. Dermid Asheville 

Cherokee H. A. Mattox Murphy 

Cherokee Richard A. Mauney Murphy 

Clay Howard Rogers Hayesville 

Clay Zeb Ledford Hayesville 

Graham Ray Carver Robbinsville 

Graham.. Modeal Walsh Robbinsville 

Haywood Ernest Messer Canton 

Haywood Richard Queen Waynesville 

Henderson Charles Freeman Hendersonville 

Henderson Monroe Redden, Jr.... Hendersonville 

Jackson Harley Buchanan R-2, Sylva 

Jackson Charlie Fisher R-1, Sylva 

Macon .VV. C. Burrell Franklin 

Macon Jess Shope Franklin 

Swain McKinley Edwards Bryson City 

Swain Charles Crawford Bryson City 

Transvlvania Tom EUer, Jr Brevard 

Transvlvania Mrs. Fred McCall Brevard 



178 North Carolina Mam ai. 

State Democratic Judicial District Executive Committees 

1958 

First District ''* 

Canuk'ii H. <'. Ferebee Camden 

(anuk'n R. L. Bray Camden 

Chowan Marvin Wilson Edenton 

Chowan Albert By rum Edenton 

Currituck Walton Crijjgs Point Harlioi 

Currituck S. A. Walker Snowden 

Dare Martin Kellotct;. Jr Manteo 

Dare Victor Meekins Manteo 

Oates Martin KellosK Sunl)ury 

Gates C. H. Carter, Jr Hobbsville 

Pasfjuotank .Miles Ferebee Elizabeth <'ity 

Pasquotank Mrs. W. C. Dawson Klizabetli City 

Perquimans .''. K. Holmes Hertford 

Perquimans \V. (;. Edwards Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufoit Heher Winfield WashinK'.on 

Beaufort Tames B. McMullen Washington 

Hyde Keith Iiunliar Scranton 

Hyde Macon Howaid RED — Belhaven 

Martin 'hai les H. ManninK W'illiamston 

Martin Paul H. Kol)erson Robersonville 

Tyrrell Lena A. Cahoon Columbia 

Tyriell Gallon Snell Columbia 

Wasliington W. Blount Rodman Plymoutli 

Washington Carl L. Bailey. Jr Plymoutli 

Third District 

Carteret Luther Hamilton Morehead City 

Carteret JDs. Ettie Adler Moreheail City 

Craven L. E. Lancaster Vanceboro 

Craven R. E. Sunnell New Bern 

Pamlico Bernard Hollo well Bayboro 

Pamlico Mrs. Ernest Harrison Bayboro 

Pitt T B. Lewis Farmville 

Pitt Alton Barrett Greenville 

Pitt Joe Whitaker Ayden 

Fourth District 

Duplin H. L, Stevens 111 Warsaw 

Duplin H. K. Phillips Kenansville 

Jones .George R. Hughes Pollocksville 

Jones Mrs. R. P. Bender Pollocksville 

Onslow Z. L. Riggs Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Sampson Howard H. Hubbard Clinton 

Sampson J. C. Moore Turkey 

Fifth District 

New Hanover .('. D. Hague. Sr Wilmington 

New Hanover .'Mcero Yow Wilmington 

New Hanover .Lloyd C. Elkins Wilmington 

Pender John J. Best Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. Frederick Corille Atkinson 



State Committees, Democratic 179 



Sixth District 

Bertie E. R. Tyler Roxobel 

Bertie Mrs. E. S. Pugh Windsor 

Bertie VV. L. Cooke Windsor 

Halifax M. S. Benton Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax Mrs. A. L. Hux Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax John James Weldon 

Northampton AnKUs A. McKellar Jackson 

Northampton R. H. Johnson. Sr Conway 

Northampton V. D. Strickland Ricli Square 

Seventh District 

Ednecomhe Dun Cilliam, Jr Tarboro 

Edgecombe .C. S. Weeks Tarboro 

Edgecombe R. T. Fountain Rocky Mount 

Nash J. N. Sills Nashville 

Nash I. T. Valentine, Jr Nashville 

Nash Dallas L Alford Rocky Mount 

Wilson L. H. C;ibhons Wilson 

Wilson Robert A. Farris Wilson 

Wilson Paul H. Rissette Wilson 

Eighth District 

Greene I. J. Horton Snow Hill 

Oreene Waltei- Shejjpard Snow Hill 

Greene K. A. Tit t man Snow Hill 

Lenoir All)crt W. Cooper Kinston 

Lenoir .Charles B. Aycock ..Kinston 

Lenoir J. A. Jones Kinston 

Wayne W. A. Dees, Jr Goldsboro 

Wayne Charles Whitle.v Mt. Olive 

Ninth District 

Fianklin E. F. Yarliorough Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. Walter Fuller R-3, Louisburg 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

fhanville VV. W. Whitfield Creedmoor 

(Jranville W. T. Watkins Oxford 

Person R. S. Long Roxboro 

Person Gorden P. Allen Roxboro 

Person D. R. Taylor Roxboro 

Vance R. S. Hight Henderson 

Vance Bennett H. Perry, Jr Henderson 

Warien John .M. Picot Littleton 

Waiifii R. H. Bright Warrenton 

Ten'.h District 

Wake \V. T. J().^ner Raleigh 

Wake .Carl Holleman Apex 

Wake A. I... Purrington, Jr Raleigh 

Eleventh District 

Harnett H. C. Strickland, Sr Angler 

Harnett >,'eill Ross Lillington 

Harnett Robert Young Dunn 

Johnston J. Marvin Creech Smit title Id 

Johnston... W. K. Hritt Smithticld 

.Johnston Mrs. Ed L. White Phie Level 

Lee K. K. Hoyle Sanford 

Lee D. B. Teague Sanford 

Lee J. M. Cheshire Sanford 



180 North Carolina Manual 

Twelfth District 

CunilKilami Alvis Carver Hope Mills 

('unil)frlaiKl Georee Quillens Fayetteville 

Cuniltfilaiid Doran J. Berry Fayetteville 

Hoke Laurie .McKacliern Raleigh 

Hoke H. 1). Harrison, ,Tr Raeford 

Thirteenth District 

Bladen Leslie Johnson Elizabethtown 

Bladen Mrs. .1. S. Purrie Clarkton 

Uninswick E. E. Parker, Jr Southport 

Rnmswick Davis C. Herring Southport 

Hrunswipk E. J. Prevette Southport 

("olunibus D. F. McGougan, Jr Tabor City 

Cohimbus W. H. Powell, Jr Whiteville 

Ciilunibus Sankey W. Robinson Whiteville 

Fourteenth District 

l»urliani J{. T. Strange Durham 

iMirliani ^asil M. Watkins Durham 

Durham J. H. AVlieeler Durham 

Fifteenth District 

Alamance J). J. Walker. Jr Burlington 

Alamance D. M. McLelland Elon College 

Alamance Fitch Hensly Graham 

Chatham Daniel L. Bell Pittsboro 

Chatham Mrs. Nell E. Lane Mt. Vernon Springs 

Orange L. J. Phipps Chapel Hill 

Orange Mrs. Gerald Barrett Chapel Hill 

Orange E. J. Hamlin Hill.sboro 

Sixteenth District 

Robeson .W. H. Humiihrey Lumberton 

Robeson R. L. Campbell Rowland 

Robeson Emily Butler Lumberton 

Scotland Joe M. Cox. Laurinburg 

Scotland .Gilbert Medlin Laurinburg 

Scotland .Tom G. Neal Laurinburg 

Seventeenth District 

Caswell .Clarence L. Pemberfon Yancey ville 

Caswell D. D. Chandler R-1. Blanch 

Caswell JRalph O. Vernon R-1, Blanch 

Rockingham J. C. Johnson, Jr Madison 

Rockingham .W. B. Lucas Spray 

Rockingham .William Stokes Reidsville 

Stoives .C. E. Davis Walnut Cove 

Stokes A. 3. Ellington Walnut Cove 

Stokes ieonard Van Noppen Danbury 

Surry P. O. Wilson Pilot Mountain 

Surry Charles Folger Pilot Mountain 

Surry Howard Wnltz, Ji- Elkin 

Eighteenth District 

Guilford George Hampton Greensboro 

Guilford Frank Linville Oak Ridge 

Guilford Archie Myatt, Jr High Point 

Nineteenth District 

Cabarrus Robert Warren Concord 

Cabarrus B. W. Black Kannapolis 

Cal)anus B. S. Brown, Jr Kannapolis 



State Committees, Democratic 181 



Montgomery Howard Dorsett Mt. Gilead 

Montgomery Otis Poole Candor 

RandoIi)h L. T. Hammond Randleman 

Randolph Mrs. Charles Brower Liberty 

Randolph Ivey Luck Seagrove 

Rowan Robert M. Davis Salisbury 

Rowan T. K. Carlton Salisbury 

Rowan J. G. Hudson, Jr Salisbury 

Twentieth District 

Anson Fred J. Cox Wadesboro 

Anson M. D. McLendon, Jr Wadesboro 

Moore E. O. Brogden, Jr Carthage 

Moore \V. Lamont Brown Southern Pines 

Richmond Claude Taylor Hunter 

Richmond Russell Bennett, Jr Rockingham 

Stanly Staton Williams Albemarle 

Stanly Frank Patterson, Jr Albemarle 

Union J. Hampton Price Monroe 

Union C. Frank Griffin Monroe 

Twenty-first District 

Forsyth William S. Mitchell Winston-Salem 

Forsyth J. Erie McMichael Winston -Salem 

Forsyth Robert Stockton Winston-Salem 

Twenty-second District 

Alexander A. C. Payne Taylorsville 

Alexander J. H. Willett Hiddenite 

Davidson Roy Hughes.. Thomasville 

Davidson Walter Brinkley Lexington 

Davidson .Toe Hill Welcome 

Davie Peter W. Hairston R-2, Advance 

Davie Mrs. R. S. McNeill Mocksville 

Iredell Lynn Nesbit Troutman 

Iredell .W. R. Pope Mooresville 

Iredell J. T. Thomas Statesville 

Twenty-third District 

Alleghany Worth Folger Sparta 

Alleghany Gene Irwin Sparta 

Alleghany Van Miller Laurel Springs 

Ashe Mrs. Ed M. Anderson W. Jefferson 

Ashe Todd Gentry W. Jefferson 

Ashe Thomas Bowie W. Jefferson 

Wilkes Robert Brane III N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Mrs. Junio Dula R-1, Wilkesboro 

Yadkin John Wade Shore Boonville 

Yadkin Hugh Brandon Yadkinville 

Twenty-fourth District 

Avery R- W. Wall Newland 

Avery -Mrs. Fred Coffey Banner Elk 

Madison E. Y. Ponder Marsliall 

Madison Charles Shaeffer Hot Springs 

Madison Tom Russell Hot Springs 

Mitchell Erank H. Watson Spruce Pine 

Mitchell Mrs. Frank Wilson Bakersville 

Watauga J. C. Goodnight Boone 

Watauga Clyde Moretz Deep Gap 

Yancey Dora Fite Burnsville 

Yancey C. P. Randolph Burnsville 

Yancey W. E. Anglin Burnsville 



182 NoHTH Cai!()i,ixa Manual 

Twenty-fifth District 

II'"!:^' ■?<•"'" E. Giles Glen Alpine 

;?"Vr' ii i-^vel.vn Poore Jones Ridee 

• aldwell K. F. Allen Lenoir 

'■'"'•'"ell Dr. Dennis Cook Lenoir 

<;ald\vell p:arl Tate Lenoir 

<"ata\vba Youiik M. Sniitv Hickory 

'''<'ii"ha Stanley Corne Xewtoii 

Twenty-sixth District 

Mecklenburg iiuuh Lol.dell Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Ho\var<l Arbuckle Charlotte 

Twenty-seventh District 

Cleveland James F. Cornwell Lattiniore 

Cleveland b. T. Falls, Sr. Shelby 

Cleveland c. C. Horn Shelby 

Gaston F. P. Cooke Gastonia 

Gaston \V. Janies Allran. Jr Cherrvville 

<^'aston William A. Mason Beiniont 

Lincoln A. L. Tait Lincolnton 

Lincoln \V. h. (hilds, Jr Lincolnton 

Twenty-eighth District ■■■ ■ 

Buncombe Harry Sample Asheville 

Buncombe Lamar Gudger Asheville 

Twenty-ninth District 

Henderson Fred Toms Hendersonville 

Henderson Robert L. Whitmire, Jr Hendersonville 

McDowell. ^ E. P. Dameron Marion 

McDowell VV. D. Lonon Marion 

McDowell Paul J. Storv Marlon 

Polk W. A. McFarland Columbus 

Pop John R. Burgess Columbus 

Polk J. (;. Stockton Tryon 

Rutherford T. T. Jones Forest City 

Kutlierford Woodrow Jones Rutherfordton 

Rutherford X,ee Powers Lake Lure 

Transylvania 11. H. Ranisev. Jr Brevard 

Transylvania .Mrs. Margaret Aycock Brevard 

Thirtieth District 

Cherokee R. A. Moodv Murpliy 

Cherokee Herman Edwards Murphy 

CJay T. C. Gray Havesville 

>,lay. W. E. Carter Havesville 

^'■^1^^°' R- B. Morphew Robbinsville 

S'"'^ham. E. S. Griffin Robbinsville 

Haywood Bill Stone Canton 

Haywood Jack West Waynesville 

Jackson David M. Hall Sylva 

Jack.son G. C. Cope . Sylva 

^Ja'on Guy Houk Franklin 

Macon. Gilmer Jones Franklin 

*5"=iiii Robert J. Leatherwood Bryson City 

S«ain Mrs. Genever McCracken Bryson City 



State Committees, Democratic 183 

State Democratic Senatorial Executive Committees 

1958 

First District 

Bertie J. L. Parker, .Tr Colerain 

Camden George W. .Tdlmston South Mills 

Chowan Mrs. Josie Ruth Carr Edenton 

Currituck John Wright, Jr Jarvisburg 

Gates J. E. Gregory Sunbury 

Hertford W. H. A'incent Woodland 

Pasquotank J. C. Spence Elizabeth City 

Perquimans W, H. Pitt Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort Judge Malcolm C, Paul Washington 

Dare .Melvin R. Daniels Wanchese 

Hyde Charles Mac Williams Ocracoke 

Martin Clarence Griftln Williamston 

Pamlico Raymond E. Dunn R-1, New Bern 

Tyrrell W. J. White Columbia 

Washington Edward L. Owens Plymouth 

Third District 

.Northampton Russell H. Johnson, Jr Conway 

Vance Frances B. Horner Henderson 

Warren \V. R. Drake Macon 

Fourtti District 

Edgecombe .G. H. Webb Pinetops 

Halifax J. Waldo Whitaker Enfield 

Fifth District 

Pitt County Executive Committee 

Sixth District 

Franklhi Fred Perry R-2, Zebulon 

Nash W. L. Thorpe, Jr Rocky Mount 

Wilson Russell Stephenson Wilson 

Seventh District 

Carteret .Clayton Fulclier, Jr Atlantic 

Craven W. C. Reed, Jr New Bern 

Greene George D. Allen Hookerton 

Jones R. P. Bender PoUocksville 

Lenoir Paul LaRoque Kinston 

Onslow James K. Sabiston Jacksonville 

Eighth District 

Johnston Wiley Narron Sniitliflcld 

Wayne Ralph Howell Goldsboro 

Ninth District 

Duplin Leroy Simmons Albertson 

New Hanover Rudolpli Mintz Wilmington 

Pender A. H. Davis Burgaw 

Sampson .Gordon Love Garland 



1S4 North Caiiolina Mamal 

Tenth District 

^"^"''■'1 .Kduard (lark Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Ray H. Walton Southpnrt 

<"oli'nit»"« C. Lacy Tate Chadbourn 

Cum bti land James Mac Rae FayettevlUe 

Eleventh District 

I{i>''»'s(in '"ounfy Executive ronniiittee 

Twelfth District 

Harnett Robert Mor;;an. Sr LillinKton 

Hoke John K. McNeill, Jr Raeford 

Moore Charles M. McLeod Carthage 

Kandolph W. B. Stanley Liberty 

Thirteenth District 

< hathani Mrs. Herman Scott R-3, Chapel Hill 

Lee. Dr. J. H. Byerly Sanford 

Wake Harvey H(dding Wake Forest 

Fourteenth District 

Durham A. P. Coley Durham 

Cranville .Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Person. J. S. ilerritt Roxboro 

Fifteenth District 

Caswell Edward H. Wilson R-1, Blanch 

Rockingham J. 0. Thomas Leaks ville 

Sixteenth District 

Alamance Xawrence Jeffreys Mebane 

Orange Roy Cole Chajiel Hill 

Seventeenth District 

Cuiltdid .County Executive Committee 

Eighteenth District 

Davidson Fred Williams Thomasville 

Montgomery H. Page McAuley Camden 

Richmond Ha Hie .McDonald Rockingliam 

Scotland Alderman JIcLean Wagram 

Nineteenth District 

Anson E. A. Hightower Wadesboro 

Stanly .(ierald Rudisell Badin 

Union .Claude Eubanks Monroe 

Twentieth District 

Mecklenbiug .County Executive Committee 

Twenty-first District 

Caliarrus Br ice J. Williford Kanna polls 

Kowan Walter Woodson, Jr Salisbury 

Twenty-second District 

Forsyth .County Executive Committee 



State Committees, Democratic 185 

Twenty-third District 

Stokes Mrs. Tom Preston Pine Hall 

Surry R. Glenn Stone Pilot Mountain 

Twenty-fourth District 

l>avie Boh Hoyle Cooleemee 

Wilkes Mrs. Larry S. Moore R-2, N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Frank Pickett East Bend 

Twenty-fifth District 

('ata«l)a.. Tlionias P. Pruitt Hickory 

Iredell JS". T. Houston R-1, Troutman 

Lincoln P. J. Buckley Lincolnton 

Twenty-sixth District 

Caston Earl T. Groves Gastonia 

Gaston Gene Froneberger Bessemer City 

Twenty-seventh District 

Cleveland Raliili (ablert Shelby 

McDowell Z. E. Price Clinchfield Station 

Rutherford .0. A. Harrill Sijindale 

Twenty-eighth District 

Ale.xander E. ('. (Joble Stony Point 

Burke A. B. Stoney Morganton 

Caldwell D. Arcliie Coffey Lenoir 

Twenty-ninth District 

Alleghany riay Cox Laurel Springs 

Ashe W. B. Austin Jefferson 

Watauga John Bingham Boone 

Watauga John Ciiuncill Boone 

Thirtieth District 

Avery 

Madison Pearson Hall R-1, Marshall 

.Mitchell Mrs. Carrel Rogers Spruce Pine 

Yancey Phillip Westall Burnsville 

Thirty-first District 

Buncombe County Executive Coniiiiittee 

Thirty-second District 

Haywood Walter Clark Canton 

Henderson Robert R. Livingston Henderson ville 

Jackson Dan K. .Moore Sylva 

Polk Eugene Anderson Saluda 

Transylvania Mrs. J. E. Osborne Rosman 

Thirty-third District 

Cherokee Frank Forsvtb Murpliy 

<'lay H. M. Moore R-4, Haycsville 

(Iraham C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

Macon Frank Murray Franklin 

Swain Kelly E. Bennett Brj'son City 



1S6 North Carolina Manual 

State Solicitorial District Executive Committees 

1958 

First District 

Beaufort W. C. Itudley Washington 

Beautoit Mrs. Essie Barr Waters Chocowinitv 

<'iini(ien John T. Caffin Sliiloii 

Camden Jesse F. Troutman Soutli Alills 

Chowan W. S. Privott Edenton 

Chowan John Graham Edenton 

Currituck \v. B. Woodhouse Harbinger 

Currituck \\, w. Jarvis. Jr Moyock 

Dare Robert H. Midgett Manteo 

Dare Milton Perry Kittv Hawk 

Gates J. G. Pollock Gatesville 

Gates J. M. King Gates 

Hyde Gilbert Tunnell New Holland 

Hyde Herbert E, Rhem RED, Belhaven 

Pasfiuotank Noah Burfoot Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. George S. Davis R-4, Elizabeth City 

Perquinians Charles E. Johnson Hertford 

Penjuiniaus S. M. Whedbee Hertford 

Tyrrell J. H. Swain Columbia 

Tyrrell Jl. L. Mitchell Columbia 

Second District 

Edgecombe S\. Eugene Simmons Tarboro 

Edgecombe W. G. Clark, Jr Tarboro 

Martin 

Martin 

Nash Ben H. Neville Whitakers 

Nash [. T. Valentine Nashville 

Washington 

Washington 

Wilson T. Glenn Bailey Sims 

Wilson A. Roy Moore Wilson 

Third District 

Bertie M. B. Gilliam, Jr Windsor 

Bertie Mrs. B. ('. Griffin, Jr Woodville 

Halifax .Kelly Jenkins Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax .George A. Hux Halifax 

Hertford 

Hertford 

Northampton W. H. S. Burgwyn. Jr Woodland 

Northampton Garland 1). Barnes Severn 

Vance A. W. Gholson, Jr Henderson 

Vance C. F. Blackburn Henderson 

Warren T. P. Hicks Norlina 

Warren W. S. Smiley Macon 

Fourth District 

Chatliam J. Lee Moody Slier City 

Chatliam Mrs. Allen Bryant R-1, Pittsboro 

Harnett Earl Westbrook Dunn 

Harnett Mrs. E. A. Lassiter Erwln 

Johnston L. H. Champion Clayton 

Johnston L. P. Creech Pine Level 

Lee S. Ray Byerly Sanford 

Lee r. N. Castleberry Sanford 

Wayne J. E. Bizzell Goldsboro 

Wayne George K. Freeman, Jr Goldsboro 



State Co^rMiTTEEs, Democratic 187 

Fifth District 

Carteret Odell Marrlll Beaufort 

Carteret ,Mrs. C. G. Holland ."".Beaufort 

Craven C. n. Lancaster New Bern 

Craven Lenora Carrawan New Bern 

C-reene San Jenkins. Jr Walstonburj,' 

t'leene Seth T. Barrow RFD, Farmville 

Jones.. .Mrs. John M. Hargett Trenton 

Jones StarlhiK Pelletier Maysville 

Pamlico lames A Tingle Alliance 

Pamhco Mrs. Alice Potter Vanderaere 

Pitt 

Pitt 

Sixth District 

I'lililin Ri\ers I). Johnson, Jr Warsaw 

I'lililin Kenneth Turner Rose Hill 

I>euoir \V. J. Thomas Kinston 

I'Wioir Mrs. T. A. Turner, Sr Pinlv Hill 

Onslow E. W. Sunimersill Jacksonville 

Onslow Roscoe Sandlin Jacksonville 

Sampson Bvruni Jackson Godwin 

Sampson W. D. Hall Salemburg 

Seventh District 

Franklin .Mrs. James Speed R-3, Louisburg 

Franklin V\'. M. Jolly Louisburg 

Franklin Tames T. Moss Youngsville 

Wake W. A. Hinton Apex 

Wake Tluirston J Mann Raleigh 

Wake Howard E. Manning Raleigli 

Eighth District 

Brunswick Odell Williamson Shallotte 

Brunswick J. M. Harjier, Jr Southport 

Brunswick Tames C. Bowman Southport 

Columluis Ed Williamson Evergreen 

Columl)us nick Proctor Whiteville 

C()luml)iis J. B. Lee Whiteville 

New Hanover M. M. Holden Wilmington 

New Hanover R. J. Scliiiell Wilmington 

Xew Hanover L. B. Tilleiy Wilmington 

Pender D. N. Lucas Burgaw 

Pender .Mrs. E. X. Sidbury Hampstead 

Ninth District 

Bladen .H. H. Clark Elizabethtown 

Bladen Leon Smitli Elizabethtown 

Bladen Worth Hester Elizabethtown 

Cumberland John Henley Hope Mills 

Cuml)erland Hal Broadfoot Fayetteville 

Cumberland Henry Anderson Fayetteville 

Hoke A. D. Gore Raeford 

Hoke William L. Moses Raeford 

Robeson Wayland Floyd Fairmont 

Robeson J. W. Campbell I.,umberton 

Robeson H. H. McKinnon, Sr Lumherton 

Tenth District 

Alamance .W. S. Harris Graham 

Alamance Dr. James Hawkins Graham 

Durham Joe C. Weatlierspoon Durham 

Durham , Clark Cooke Durham 

Granville T. W. Allen R-1, Creedmoor 

Granville W. M. Hicks Oxford 

Granville Hugh M. Currin Oxford 

Orange .Charles B. Hobson Chapel Hill 

Orange Robert B. Cox Chapel Hill 



188 NoHTii Cakoi.i.na Mamai. 

Person R. R. Dawes Roxboro 

Person James Ramsey Roxl)oro 

Person Byrd I. SatterfleUI Timturlake 

Eleventh District 

AUe^'hany Alton Thompson Sparta 

AUenliany Amos Warner. Jr Sparta 

Ashe .Wade K. Vannoy, Jr W. Jefferson 

Ashe Bol)ert Barr W. Jefferson 

Forsyth Weston P. Hatfield Winston -Salem 

Forsyth E. 0. Sliore Winston -Salem 

Foisytli Hosea V. Price Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District 

Havidson Jessie (Jreen Tliomasvi'le 

Davidson W. B. Mills Thomasville 

Davidson .Tom Suddretli Lexington 

(; nil ford Clyde Rollins Greensboro 

(iuilford Rov Bowman Julian 

(Juilford James W. Clontz Hi^'b Point 

Thirteenth District 

Anson Fred Mill. Jr Wadesboro 

Anson H. P. Taylor. Jr W'adesboro 

Moore Robert M. Page, III Aberdeen 

Moore J. Doufrlass David Pine Bluff 

Rii'limond John T. I'a};e. Jr. Roi kinjiham 

Kicbmond Lonnie Clock E. Rockintibam 

Scotland J. G. Kinj; Lauriiit)urg 

Stanly .Grover Harward Oakboro 

Stanly George Harris New London 

Union Erwin Piice Monroe 

Union W. C. Massey Waxhaw 

Fourteenth District 

Gaston Stewart Atkins Gastonia 

Gaston Hugh W. Johnston Gastonia 

(Jaston Max Childers Mt. Holly 

Mecklenburg Joe Travis Charlotte 

Mecklenburg William Walker Charlotte 

Fifteenth District 

Alexander Warren White Taylorsville 

Alexander Marvin Beiifield Hickory 

Cabairus John S. Hart sell Concord 

Cabarrus W. V. Shei)hard Kannapolis 

Iredell John G. Lewis, Jr States ville 

Iredell Flrvin T. Bonie Scotts 

Montgomery Robert L. Asbill Biscoe 

Jlontgomery David Armstrong Troy 

Rowan Ira Swicegood Salisbury 

Rowan Clyde Harris Salisbury 

Randolph John R. Ingram Asheboro 

Randol])h Tom Englisli Trinity 

Sixteenth District 

Burke Joe K. Bvrd Drexel 

Buike W. Harold Mitchell Valdese 

Caldwell W. Clyde Suddretli Lenoir 

Caldwell Coit Barber Lenoir 

Catawba Eddy S. Merritt Hickory 

Catawlia Irene Whisnant Maiden 

Cleveland Martin Harmon Kings Mountain 

Cleveland A. A. Powell ...Shelby 

Cleveland Fred Mintz Lawndale 

Lincoln William L. Morris Lincolnton 

Lincoln C. E. Leatherman Lincolnton 

Watauga Ray Luther Boone 

Watauga Tack Edmisten. Boone 



State Co>rMiTTEF.s. Democratic 189 



Seventeen:h District 

Avery B. H. Winter Elk Park 

Avery itutli H. Calloway Newlaiul 

Davie C. D. Peebles Advance 

Davie J. B. Cain R-5, Mocksville 

Mitcliell >Trs Bonnie Ford Penland 

Mitcliell Oral Baker Spruce Pine 

Wilkes E- nest Pierce Millers Creek 

Wilkes Mrs. Norma Smoke N. Wilkesboor 

Yadkin Wade Williams Boonville 

Yadkin Max Welhorn Yadklnville 

Eighteenth District 

Henilerson Ucjliert .\I. Redden Henderson ville 

Henderson Charles V. Freeman Hendersonville 

McDowell Dr. J. B. Johnson....: Old Fort 

McDowell E. .1. Howe, Jr Marion 

McDowell I. W. Streetman Marion 

Polk A. 0. Miller R-1, Campobello. S. C. 

Polk Mrs. Arliene Dalton Mill Springs 

Rutherford R- <". Hawkins Clirtside 

Rutlieiford Carl Huntley Forest City 

Rutlierford Claude Lowery Forest City 

Transylvania Scott Galloway Brevard 

Transylvania Raymond F. Bennett Plsgah Forest 

Yancey Troy Wray Burnsville 

Yancey Clarence Bailey Green Mountain 

Yancey R. .M. Silver Mica ville 

Nineteenth District 

liuiiiiinilic E. L. Loft in Asheville 

Huuciimbe Charles (i. Buck Asheville 

Madison A. M. Woody R-1, Hot Springs 

Madison Mrs. F. E. Freeman Marshall 

Madison Hardy Wliitt R-1, Flag Pond. Tenn. 

Twentieth District 

Clierokee A. B. Tanner, Jr Andrews 

Cherokee L. L. .Mason Murphy 

(lav Neal Kitcliin R-1. Hayesville 

Clay Scott Beal Hayesville 

Graham J. Booth Crisp Robbinsville 

Graham Patton Phillips Robbinsville 

Havwood Joe Palmer Clyde 

Haywood Clifford Brown Clyde 

Jac'k-on L. L. Allen Cashiers 

.Tack-on .\Ds. Jesse Cordell Whittier 

-\Iacon James Rat)y R-4, Franklin 

JIacon A. B. Slasle Franklin 

Swain Reyionald E. Moody Br.vson City 

Swain J'aul Marr R-3, Bryson City 

Twenty-first District 

Caswell Harry E. Bray Providence 

Caswell Robert R. Blackwell Yancey ville 

Caswell William Boone R-2, Elon Collejic 

Ro;kingham hon Folger Madison 

Rockingham 1-eoii .Moore Leaksville 

Rockingham Klovd Oslxirne Leaksville 

Stokes D. .M. Taylor Danlniry 

Stokes Toe .Marsliall Walnut Cove 

Stokes Mrs. .Marjorie ChrL^tlan l>anl)ury 

Surry Ricliard W. Reid Pilot Mountain 

Surry Wilson Barber Mt. Airy 

Surrv W. .M. Allen Elkin 



190 North Ca];(ii.i.\a Manual 

COUNTY CHAIRMEN— DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE 

COMMITTEE 

1958 

County Chairman Address 

Abiniaiice KiiKeiK' A. Gordon Kiiiliiii:toii 

AUxaiuier W. S. Patterson Stonv Toiiit 

Alletrhany R. F. Crouse Rt. 2. Sparta 

Anson James A. Hardlson Wadesboro 

Ashe Thomas S. Johnston Jefferson 

Avery B. H. Winters Elk Park 

Beaufort John A. Winfield Pinetown 

Beitie John K. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Blaiien R. J. Hester, Jr Elizabethtinvn 

Brunswick Kirtiy .Sullivan Soutlipurt 

Buncombe John F. Sliuford Asbeville 

Burke Sam J. Ervin, III Morganton 

Cabarrus E. T. Bost, Jr Concord 

Caldwell R. Barton Hayes Hudson 

(^amden A. H. Leary Camden 

Carteret A. H. James Morehead City 

Caswell Clarence L. Pemberton Yancey villa 

Catawba Harry Vanderlinden Hickory 

Chatliam Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Cherokee Jack Dickey Murphy 

Chowan Lloyd E. (Jritfin Edenton 

Clay Howard Rogers Hayesville 

Cleveland P. C. Horn Shelby 

Columbus L. R. Wayne Lake Waccamaw 

Craven.. William F. Ward Xew Bern 

Cumberland Hector ^IcGeachy Fayetteville 

Currituck S. A. Walker Snovvden 

Dare M. L. Daniels Manteo 

Davidson Charles W. JIauze Lexington 

Davie Gordon Tondinson Mocks ville 

Duplin F. W. Mc(iowen Kenansville 

Duriiam Albert W. Kennon Durham 

Edgecombe W. G. Clark, Jr Tarboro 

Forsyth Bert L. Bennett, Jr Winston- Salem 

Franklin Walter E. Fuller Louisburg 

Gaston William G. Alligood Mt. Holly 

Gates George Kittrell Corapeake 

Graham Ray Carver Robbinsville 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

tireene K- A. Pittman Snow Hill 

Guilford Frank R. Hutton Greensboro 

Halifax .Josepli Branch Enfield 

Harnett David K. Stewart Dunn 

Haywood Ernest Messer Canton 

Henderson Arthur J. Redden Hendersonville 

Hertford H. W. Whitley Murfreesboro 

Hoke Sam C. Morris Raeford 

Hyde John H. Swindell Swan Quarter 

Iredell John F. Long Rt. 1, Statesville 

Jackson R. U. Sutton ..Sylva 

Johnston Ed L. White Pine Level 

Jones .C. S. Hargett Rt. 2. Trenton 

Lee I. C. Pittman Sanford 

Lenoir A. H. Jeffress Kinston 

Lincoln J. H. Ross Lincolnton 



State Committees, Democratic 191 

County Chairman Address 

Macon Jess Sliope Rt. 1, Franklin 

Madison Listen B. Ramsey Marsliall 

Martin James H. Gray. Sr Robersonville 

McDowell.. S. J. Westmoreland Marion 

Mecklenburg Judge E. McA. Currie Charlotte 

Alitcliell .Ural D. Hensley Bakersville 

;Mont}romery C. ('. McKinnon Mt. Gilead 

Moore W. Lamont Brown Southern Pines 

Nash William B. Harrison Rocky Mount 

New Hanover R. if. Kermon Wilmington 

Northampton Buxton Midyette Jackson 

Onslow Albert J. Ellis ...'...'.'.'.'.'.'....Jacksonville 

Orange L. J. Phipps Chapel Hill 

Pamlico J. E. Ragan, Jr Oriental 

Pasquotank Noah Burfoot Elizabeth City 

Pender R- H. Balcombe Rocky Point 

Perquimans William F. Alnsley Hertford 

Person E. P. Warren RFD, Hurdle Mills 

Pitt J. 0. Clark Greenville 

Polk... VV. H. McDonald Tryon 

Randolph Richard Clark Asheboro 

Richmond A. L. Cockman Rockingham 

Robeson Dickson McLean, Jr Lumberton 

Rockingham Jule McMichael Reidsville 

Rowan Robert M. Davis Salisbury 

Rutherford Solon D. Smart Cliffside 

Sampson Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Scotland Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

Stanly Henry C. Doby, Jr Albemarle 

Stokes Ralph J. Scott Danbury 

Surry Mrs. R. C. Lewell.yn Dobson 

Swain Henry J. Truett . Bryson City 

Transylvania James C. Gaither Brevard 

Tyrrell Julian H. Swain Columbia 

Union O. L. Richardson Monroe 

Vance William P. Dennis Henderson 

Wake Armistead J, Maupin Raleigh 

Warren ..John Kerr. Jr Warren tun 

Washington W. W. White Roper 

Watauga Hooper Hendrix Boone 

Wayne Edwin C. Ipock Goldsboro 

Wilkes C. Watson Brame North Wilkesboro 

Wilson Dr. Badie T. Clark Wilson 

Yadkin W. W. Johnson Boonville 

Yancey VVoodrow W. Anglin Burnsville 



192 



North Caiiomxa Mamai. 



COUNTY VICE-CHAIRMEN— DEMOCRATIC 
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1958 



County Vice-chairman Address 

A 1.1 malice Mrs. A unit' FriiiiK' Htiwhiml. GrHliani 

Robert W. Scott R-1, Haw Kiver 



Alexander Mrs. 

AIle;;lian.v Mrs. 

Anson Mrs. 

Ashe Mrs. 

Averv Mrs. 

Mrs. 

rtr 

Beaufort ^Ii's 



K, S. FerKUson Taylorsville 

Pearl Fields Sparta 

John Crawford Wadesboro 

Kuth T. Draughon West Jefflerson 

\V. K. Anderson \ewland 

Ho)ie H. Teaster Minneapolis 

E. S. Fink Crossnore 

J. L. Taylor Belhaven 



Mr.s. 

Bertie Mrs. 

Bladen Mrs. 

Brunswick Mrs. 

Buncombe Mrs. 

Burke Mrs. 



Raljili Hodges, Jr Washington 



A. N. Hooker Aurora 

E. S, Pugh Windsor 

E. F. McCulloch Elizabethtown 

Foster Mintz Bolivia 

H. E. Pollock, Jr Asheville 

A. T. Abernethy Rutherford College 

0. Lee Horton Morganton 

D. Zero Mull R-4, Morganton 

Mrs. Scott Summers Morganton 

Cabarrus .Mrs. Mildred Morgan Concord 

Clifford Brown Kannajiolis 

Archie Fisher Mt. Pleasant 

Mrs. Mae Price R-12, Concord 

Bush Lenoir 

(irady Stevens Shiloh 

Rose ^Merrill Beaufort 

Clayton Fulcher Atlantic 

Etfie Adler Morehead City 

E. H. Wilson R-1, Blanch 

John M. Abernethy Xewton 

Donald (Ireene V Hickory 

Leslie Brady Xewton 



Caldwell J. G 

Camden Mrs. 

Carteret Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Caswell Mrs. 

Catawba Mrs. 



Chatham Mrs. 

Cherokee... Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Chowan Mrs. 

Clay Mrs. 

Cleveland Jlrs. 

J. R. 
Columbus Mrs. 

H. C 

Craven Mrs. 

Cumberland JVIrs. 

Currituck Mrs. 

Dare Mrs. 

Davidson Shir 

Davie Mrs. 

Duiilin .Mrs. 

Durham Mrs 



Ada W. Diggs R-3, Chapel Hill 

Clarence Hendrix R-1. Murphy 

Cleve Almond Andrews 

Robert V. Weaver Murphy 

E. N. Elliott Tyner 

Pansy Bradshaw Hayesville 

J. E. Li])ford Kings Jlountain 

Cline Slielby 

Lollie P. Johnson Whiteville 

Stephens Clarendon 

L. T. Kornegay Dover 

Peter Cromartie Fayetteville 

Harriette Nottingham Coinjock 

Herbert Perry Kitty Hawk 

ev Harris Thomasville 

Odell Foster R-3, Mocksville 

Christine W. Williams Kenansville 

Marvin J. Carver, Sr Rougemont 

Anderson High R-3, Durham 

Raymond B. HoUeman Durham 



State Committees, Democratic 193 

County Vice-Chairman Address 

Edgecombe JNIis. J. W. .Sexton Rocky Mount 

E. Y. Lovelace MacclesflcUl 

Forsytn Airs. Eunice Ayers Winston-Saleni 

Franklin Mrs. A. E. Hall. Youngs ville 

Gaston Mrs. Pauline Hurd Cramerton 

Mrs. J. A. Blackwelder Clierryville 

Gates Mrs. A. P. Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Graham -Mrs. Harry Owens Tapoco 

Granville Mrs. Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Greene Mrs. Alonzo C. Edw-ards Hookerton 

Guilford Mrs. Clyde A. Slireve Summertleld 

W. F. MaukUn Higli Point 

George Sockwell R-1, Elon College 

Halifax Mrs. James Taylor Roanoke Rapids 

A. Leonidas Hux Roanoke Rapids 

Mrs. Robert C. .Shields Scotland Neck 

Harnett .Mrs. Eugene H. Lasater, Sr Erwin 

Haywood , Mrs. Raymond Caldwell WaynesviUe 

Henderson Mrs. Virginia Harrell Henderson ville 

M. M. Redden, .Tr Hendersonville 

C. E. Livingston Hendersonville 

Hertford Mrs. J. Roy Parker, Sr , Alioskie 

Hoke Mrs. Charles A. Hostetler Raefoid 

F. Knox Watson R-1, Red Springs 

Hyde Mrs. Estelle Ricliards Scranton 

Iredell Mrs. E. M. Land Statesville 

Jackson Miss Jane Coward Sylva 

Edward Br.vson Cullovvhee 

.Mrs. I). I). Davis Webster 

Johnston Mrs. Tom I. Davis Selma 

Jones Mrs. ,Iohn D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Lee Mrs. Kemp Gaddy Sanford 

Lenoir Mrs. Woodrow Taylor RFD, Deep Run 

Lincoln .Mrs. William Morris Lincolnton 

Macon Jjassie Kelly Franklin 

Madison Mrs. Troy Rector R-1, Marsliall 

Berry Edmons R-1, Hot Springs 

Roy Freeman R-1, Marsliall 

Martin Mrs. Elbert S. Peel Williamstim 

McDowell Mrs. John A. Poteat Marion 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Henry Cromartie Cliarlotte 

Johnny McDowell R-.3, Charlotte 

Mitchell Mrs. A. X. Fuller Spruce Pine 

Montgomery Mrs. R. B. Jordan, Jr Mt. Gilead 

.John C. Wyatt Candcu- 

Mrs. Woodrow Thompson Troy 

Moore Bess McCa skill Carthage 

T. Roy Pliillips Cartilage 

Voit (Jilmore Soutliern Pines 

Xash Bessie Bunn Rocky Mount 

New Hanover Mrs. Alice Strickland Wilmington 

Northampton Mrs. R. V. Beale Potecasi 

Onslow JMrs. Harry Venters Ricli lands 

Orange jVIrs. R. 0. Forrest Hillslioro 

Pamlico Mrs. T. H. Tingle Arapalioe 

Pasquotank Mrs. H. A. Reid R-1. Elizalietli City 

Pender jMrs. J. V. Whitfield RFD. Wallace 

Perquimans Mis. Irene P. To we Hertford 

Person Mrs. A. F. Nichols Roxboro 

Pitt Mrs Curtis Spencer R-3, Greenville 

C. W. Everett Betliel 

Polk .Mrs. Joe Ritchie Columbus 



Ift4 North Cakomxa Mantal 



Haiuliilph .Mrs. H. ('. Jones Franklinville 

Fred Tlioiiias I{ainseui- 

R. Paul Bell Randlemaii 

Clyde Ayers Asheboro 

Hicliiiiniid Mrs. T. B. Matheson R-1, Mt. Gilead 

Mrs. Myrtle Cockraan E. RnckiiiKham 

Mrs. Mark Frutchey R-1, Mt, Oilead 

Rohesoii JMrs. Betty Ayers St. I'auls 

Rockingham JVIrs. J. ('. Johnson Mayodan 

Leonard Fryor Rutt'iii 

J. H. Prltchett R-1. Reidsville 

Rowan Mrs. John K. Eagle R-1, Gold Hill 

Mrs Minnie C. Allran Spencer 

Rutherford Mrs. Xorman Greig Chimney Rock 

Francis Jones Rutherfordton 

Dr. L. r. Mitchell Spindale 

Sampson Mrs. A. N. Johnson Garland 

Scotland Mrs. Wade .Maness Laurinburg 

Stanly Mrs. Ed Harwood Albemarle 

0. J. Sikes, Jr Albemarle 

Mrs. Robert Smith Albemarle 

Stokes Laura V. Ellington Sandy Ridge 

H. G. Johnson Danbury 

Mrs. Wallace Smith Westfield 

Surry T. D. Simmons Pilot Mountain 

Wilson Barber Mount Airy 

H. C. Dobson Elkin 

Swain Mrs. Glennie Roberts Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. Martha B. Eraser Brevard 

Tyrrell Mrs. Borden McClees Columbia 

Union Mrs. Henry H. Wilson, Jr Monroe 

T. R. Xesbit Waxhaw 

H. N. Guion Marshville 

A'ance Mrs. S. R. Whitten Henderson 

Wake Mrs. DeWitt Moore Raleigh 

Warren -Mrs. Roy Overby Norlina 

Frank Banzet Warrenton 

Wasliington Mrs. Louise Allen Plymouth 

Watauga Homer Brown Boone 

Ralph Moretz Deep Gap 

Bert Ma.st Zionville 

Wayne Mrs. W. R. Hooks R-5. Goldsboro 

Wilkes Zelle Harris Roaring River 

Wilson Mrs. J. Roy Wilkerson R-3, Kenly 

Yadkin Pauline Gilliam : .lonesville 

Yancey Mrs. Hattie Peterson R-3. Burnsville 



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE 
PLATFORM 1958 

Issued by 
NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE COMMITTEE 

We, the Republican Party of North Carolina do, in this year of 
1958, rededicate ourselves to Republican principles of good govern- 
ment cherished since the time of Abraham Lincoln. We submit to 
the people of North Carolina the following statement of beliefs and 
objectives as our Platform: 

National Affairs 

We wholeheartedly commend the Republican National Admin- 
istration under the leadership of our great President, Dwight D. 
Eisenhower, for its accomplishments, some of which we recall to the 
people of North Carolina: 

Under Republican leadership the United States has concluded the 
bloody and costly war in Korea. We have been at peace for more 
than five years. 

Republican leadership has produced the highest national income, 
the highest employment record and the highest hourly wages ever 
enjoyed in the history of this nation. 

Republican leadership has consistently sought to improve the lot 
of our farmers. The program enacted by the Democrats was never 
successful except during the war years. When the rest of the world 
began producing farm crops, surpluses began to fill the storage 
bins across the country. Then acreages were restricted to such an 
extent that many farmers have insufficient crop land to make a 
living. Now farm income is rising under policies promulgated by 
the Republican National Administration. If the Democrat Congress 
will cooperate, prosperous conditions will be assured the farmers 
of our country. 

Republican leadership has restored confidence in the free enter- 
prise system. It has made every possible effort to take the govern- 
ment out of competition with private business. 

Republican leadership has constantly striven for a balanced bud- 
get and the leveling off of inflation. 

195 



196 North Cauoi.ina Mamal 

Repul)li(;in leadership has routed out of high and sensitive places 
the Conununists, subversives, and others clearly unfit for service 
in our government. 

Republican leadership has put an end to the common occurrence of 
corruption and influence peddling. 

Republican leadership has sought to reverse the trend toward 
centralizing more power in Washington and has advocated a return 
of power and responsibility to the states and local communities. 

The success of the Republican Party would be even more out- 
standing had the Congress properly supported its leadership. Among 
those who have consistently supported sound principles of good 
government is Congressman Charles Raper Jonas of the Tenth Dis- 
trict of North Carolina. Without reservation we commend his out- 
standing record. 

We urge the reelection of Congressman Jonas and the election of 
other North Carolina Republican Congressional candidates to speed 
to conclusion the aims of the National Republican Administration. 

We are proud of the Republican leadership that has reestablished 
the confidence of the people in the morals, integrity, and competence 
of our government. 

State Affairs 

For the greater part of the twentieth century the Democrat 
Party has controlled the government and to a large extent the 
progress of the citizens of North Carolina. 

It is proper and in the best tradition of American politics that 
the Republican Party of North Carolina points to the faults of in- 
cumbents and denounces their false claims. Of the faults of the 
Democrat Party the greatest is its callousness towards the welfare 
of the average citizen of North Carolina. 

Decadence is historically normal for a political organization too 
long in power. We say that the leadership of the Democratic Party 
has been inadequate and will remain inadequate until such time as 
its power is seriously challenged by the Republican Party. That 
one party rule has not previously been challenged is the result of 
the unscrupulous use of political power by Democrat leaders. They 
have been willing to use every conceivable means to exterminate 
minority opposition and perpetuate their power regardless of the 
cost to the people of this State. 



Republicax Platform 197 

The Republican Party here illustrates some of the unfortunate 
results of one party rule; it shows the desperate need for a strong 
two party system; and it outlines its standards for good government 
in North Carolina. 

("onstitiitional Hoforin 

The State of North Carolina is now being governed under a Con- 
stitution adopted in 18(58 and is one of the most antiquated in the 
United States. As illustration, one section states that the General 
Assembly shall enact laws for the adequate protection and encour- 
agement of sheephusbandry. The rapid change of everyday life, 
agricultural development, and the coming of industry demands that 
our Constitution be modernized. Its framework contains almost 
none of the requirements for effective governmental management 
of the problems of this day. Under the impact of change it has 
undergone amendment after amendment until it is now an uncoordi- 
nated piece of patchwork. The Democrat Party is solely responsible 
for this chaos, much of which must be credited to its leaders selfish 
interest in maintaining political power. 

The Republican Party demands representative government of the 
people by periodic reapportioning and redistricting by the General 
Assembly as a first step in reform. As it now stands the majority 
of citizens in North Carolina are being denied their just representa- 
tion in such vital matters as lawmaking, appropriations and taxa- 
tion. Refusal to redistrict and reapportion stems directly from the 
efforts of politicians in power to perpetuate their position. We 
would require that the Secretary of State reapportion after each 
census in accordance with Constitutional formula. 

North Carolina is the only state in the Union which does not 
empower its Chief Executive to veto acts of the General Assembly. 
Surely the other forty-seven states and the Federal government 
are not all "out of step". The Republican Party urges that the Con- 
stitution provide the Governor with veto power, but with power of 
the General Assembly to override such veto by a simple majority 
vote on roll call. Such procedure would spotlight responsibility for 
legislative acts. This is responsibility which Democrat members of 
the General Assembly have tended to ignore. 

The Republican Party recommends that the Constitution prohibit 
the appointment of any member of the General Assembly to a board, 
agency, or a position of emolument, which such l)oai-d, agency, or 



IDcS 



State Senal 




ial Districts 



199 



15 



16 L 



C H A T H A (.; 



J ^ r\ L. 

12 



tMMOND -^H O f 



II 




,^. 







10 



P E N E R 



COLUMBUS 



B R U N S W 1 1, c, ' 



200 NoKTii CAiioi.i.NA Mam A I. 

position was created by that session of the Legislature. Sucli a pro- 
hibiticm would help to reduce the birth rate of expensive bureau- 
cracies and government jobs which have flourished under Democrat 
control. This would not exterminate the multitude of duplicating 
and unnecessary agencies already in existence but it should cause 
the members of the General Assembly to have some reason besides 
their own appointments for creating new ways of disposing of public 
funds. 

The Republican Party in North Carolina advocates greater rights 
for the States, and it advocates greater rights for the local govern- 
ing bodies. The vast majority of bills passed by the General Assem- 
bly concern matters of purely local interest. Typical of these are 
salary changes for County employees and creation of bird sanc- 
tuaries. The time and money thus wasted in the General Assembly 
is measurable; the diversion of its members from the important 
and complicated problems of this State is incalculable. The Repub- 
lican Party advocates more home rule and less Raleigh rule for the 
counties, cities, and towns in North Carolina. 

The Republican Party advocates an immediate Constitutional 
Convention. The judicial system, the separation of Church and 
State, clear definement of the Executive, Judicial, and Legislative 
branches, and the elimination of petty legislation are major areas 
needing reform without further delay. That North Carolina has 
failed to develop as rapidly as her neighbors is to a large extent 
the failui'e of the Democrat Party to provide an adequate Constitu- 
tion. 

Reapportionment 

Through the great history of North Carolina its citizens have 
fought for government by law rather than by men. No law is more 
basic than the Constitution upon which rest all other laws of this 
State. No mandate of the Constitution is more essential to free 
government than that providing proportional representation to the 
people. This mandate the Democrat Party has intentionally ignored. 
Its elected members solmenly swear to uphold the Constitution. 
Scarcely have their words, "So help me God" stopped echoing in the 
chambers of the General Assembly before they proceed to willfully 
deny the people of North Carolina their proper representation. As a 
result, one Senator from the far east represents as few as 50,000 
people while another Senator from the Piedmont represents five 
times that many people. This willfully repeated act is in direct 



Reitblicax Pi.ati'oum 201 

contradiction to their public claim: "The Democrat Party believes 
in the preservation of the rights and liberties of the citizens of 
North Carolina as guaranteed to them by their Constitution". No 
such statement should be needed from those in whom the public 
trust has been placed. Adherence to the Constitution should be 
automatic" and without deviation. The Republican members of the 
General Assembly have voted to uphold the Constitution. Other 
action would be unthinkable. When the majority of control comes 
to rest in Republican hands the Constitution shall no longer be a 
document for contempt and ridicule. The Party of Lincoln in North 
Carolina vows never to be subject to such an attack upon its in- 
tegrity. 

Rt'.storation of Representation 

Since a two party system is essential for democratic government, 
it is unthinkable that the Democrat Party could sink to such a low 
that it would openly condemn the people of North Carolina for 
voting anything but a straight Democrat ticket. This has now 
happened, as is so clearly illustrated in the words of the State 
Chairman of the Democrat Executive Committee when he told the 
people of Mecklenburg County they would not be able to get their 
local legislation passed if they elected Republican representation 
to the General Assembly. The contempt for the people of this State 
was also voiced by the senior United States Democrat Senator of 
North Carolina when he recently referred to the majority of the 
voters in his home county of Burke as displaced persons. The Re- 
publican Party believes in the right of the people to elect whomso- 
ever they may choose, and when a person is duly elected he shall 
have the unqualified right to represent his constituents as provided 
in the Constitution. 

Healijinnient of Election Districts 

The Republican Party believes that election districts should be as 
closely knit as possible. A Congressman can more ably represent 
his constituents if his counties are within easy traveling distance. 
Indeed a basic concept of American government is that a member 
of Congress shall voice the sentiments of the people of his area. 
This becomes extremely difficult when his district is spread across 
the State like a shoestring. Such is the case in North Carolina 
where the Democrat Party has seen tit to make Congressional Dis- 



202 NoiMii Cai!()I,i.\a Mamal 

ti'icts ;ii)i)ear ridiculous. The Eighth District, for example, shows 
on the map something like a misshapen hourglass. The Ninth Dis- 
trict has a snake-like conformity. The Fifth District is a horizontal 
string of counties along the Virginia horder. The Repuhlican Party 
advocates that the next realignment of Congressional Districts be 
formed with reasonable areas of geography and common interests 
of the people. Judicial Districts are even more ill conceived. The 
17th Judicial District, for example, is broken into two parts. We 
do not believe there is another example of a noncontiguous political 
district anywhere in the United States. The Republican Party de- 
mands an end to such contempt for the most obvious requirements 
of proper government. 

Presidential Preferential Primary 

The Republican Party believes that the people should have a direct 
voice in the selection of our Presidential candidates. We advocate 
a Presidential preferential primary for the State of North Carolina. 

Election Frauds 

All right thinking citizens of North Carolina and the nation have 
been shocked by the clear evidence of election fraud, such as that 
occurring in Madison and Alexander Counties, and revealed by the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation. Our people are dismayed with the 
inability of courts to convict persons charged with such fraudulent 
acts. The Republican Party advocates that the State Board of 
Elections be given the authority and duty to investigate sworn state- 
ments alleging fraud in elections. Such authority will enable the 
State Board of Elections to effect the successful prosecution of such 
violations in both the State and Federal courts of North Carolina. 

State Board of Elections 

The Republican Party does not claim that the State Board of 
Elections is improperly constituted in that it has only two Repub- 
lican members against three members of the Democrat Party. It 
does protest the manner in which the Republican members are ap- 
pointed. Unbelievably, the Republican representatives are appointed 
by the leader of the Democrat Party. The minority party cannot 
name its own representatives. Republicans do not specifically object 
to the present Republican membership on the State Board of Elec- 
tions but it takes note that one of these Republicans comes from 



Republican Platform 203 

Jones County; that this County runs no Republican candidates; 
that this County has no properly constituted Republican organiza- 
tion; that this County is one of the most overwhelmingly Democrat 
Counties in the State; and that this County is the home of the Chair- 
man of the Democrat Executive Committee. Any fair minded citizen 
would agree with the Republican desire to name its own member- 
ship on the State Board of Elections. 

Absentee Ballot 

The civilian provision for voting by absentee ballot ^cancels out 
more legitimate votes than any other single cause. The absentee 
ballot provides the perfect vehicle for any unscrupulous politician. 
He can buy votes, carry them around in his pocket weeks prior to 
election day, and then cast them for any candidate he pleases. The 
absentee ballot was largely responsible for the recent Alexander and 
Madison County vote frauds that gave North Carolin a black mark 
in the eyes of the Nation and the world. The fraudulent misuse of 
the absentee ballot became so disgraceful a few years ago that the 
people demanded its abolition. Finally the majority party did abol- 
ish its use in primary elections, which are tantamount to final 
election in most Counties, since most Counties are overwhelmingly 
Democrat. It was too crooked to use among themselves but it has 
been retained for general elections where it is used as an effective 
weapon to defeat Republicans. Recently even the Democrat controlled 
State Board of Elections advised that the use of the civilian absentee 
ballot be abolished. They admitted that it is the most constant and 
pressing temptation to cheat. During the 1957 General Assembly 
the Governor proposed repeal of the absentee ballot. How serious 
were his intentions can be judged by the fact that nothing was done 
about repeal, as usual. The Republican Party advocates repeal of 
the civilian absentee ballot. It shall come to pass when the public 
expresses indignation over fraudulent voting. We urge the voters 
of this State to send enough Republicans to the General Assembly to 
scourge the State of this blight. 

A^oter Rosistration Law 

The Republican Party advocates that a citizen sign his registra- 
tion when appearing before the Registrar for registering to vote; 
and that he also be required to sign an application for voting and 
that this application serve as the poll record of the voter. 



204 Xoirrii Cahoi.ixa Maxtai. 



Anii-.lonas Law 



The Republican Party condemns the majority party for tampering 
with the ballot for the purpose of defecting candidates of the 
minority party. The present method of marking ballots was con- 
ceived with the special purpose of making it difficult to vote for 
Congressman Charles Raper Jonas. Under its provisions a clear 
mark opposite his name may discount the obvious intention of the 
voter and actually give a vote to his opponent. The Republican 
members of the 1957 General Assembly were defeated in their at- 
tempt to return the ballot to its pre-1955 status. Republican candi- 
dates repeat their pledge to provide a ballot which will uphold the 
obvious choice of the voter. 

Minority Representation 

Our Amei'ican government demands to the limit of its interna- 
tional influence that foreign powers give their minority parties 
representation within their governments. We share this belief and 
condemn the Democrat Party for politically enslaving the Repub- 
lican Party, which is made up of over a third of the people of North 
Carolina. To appoint a single Republican to the Boards, Commis- 
sions, Committees and Bureaus, or Departments in this State brings 
the wrath of the Democrat Party upon the head of our State. Even 
an enlightened Democrat who has voiced approval of a Republican 
leader or a Republican reform is subject to disenfranchisement. 
Outside of the iron curtain we challenge anyone to present such an 
example of studied political oppression of a minority as we find in 
North Carolina. It is the pledge of the Republican Party that when 
the present one party dictatorship reaches its just termination, no 
major agency in North Carolina shall be without proper representa- 
tion from both parties. 

Eijjhteen Year Old Vote 

The Republican Party adv( cates the vote for eighteen year olds. 
The Republican members of the 1957 General Assembly advocated 
voting for eighteen year olds and supported the member of the 
majority party who introduced this legislation. Even though the 
bill only called for statewide decision by the people of North Caro- 
lina, it was quickly defeated by the Democrat Party, evidencing 
once again its distrust of the people of our State. 



Republican" Pi.atkorm 205 

Educafion 

Of all the functions of government, none is more important than 
that of educating the coming generation. In no area of government 
has the Democrat Party had a record of greater failure than in the 
field of basic education, and in no area has the Democrat Party 
made a more false claim of good government. The average child in 
North Carolina has less than eight years of school. This was re- 
flected in the Korean War when forty percent of our young men 
failed the Armed Forces Qualification tests against an average 
across the nation of only sixteen percent. Indeed our average adult 
citizen has not even completed elementary school and we rank forty- 
fifth in the nation in this measure of educational accomplishment. 
Under Democrat management we find only two states crowding 
more students into classrooms. We spend much more per person for 
alcoholic beverages than we do for public schools. We rank next 
to the bottom among the states in the percentage of our college age 
population which actually attends college. Every comparison finds 
North Carolina at or near the bottom in public education. Mean- 
while the Democrat Party speaks through a recent platform, "All in 
all we can truly say that North Carolina, under the guidance of the 
Democrat Party, has established a fine system of public education, 
which is UNSURPASSED in any of the states of this Union". Proof 
of the results of one party rule are available to the public: One out 
of every twelve children in North Carolina is born out of wedlock; 
North Carolina is the highest of all the forty eight states in aggra- 
vated assault crimes. The Republican Party feels that our record 
in education is shameful and that it is time to elect another political 
party to control the learning of the children of North Carolina. 

("ompnlsory School Attendance 

Although the Democrat Party has put a law on the books requir- 
ing school attendance, the "Tar Heel Guide" recently pointed out 
that only 73% of our eligible children were attending school. The 
Democrat Party has been so short sighted as to multiply govern- 
ment expenditures and employment for the results of juvenile de- 
linquency and ultimately adult crime rather than appropriate suf- 
ficient funds to reduce truancy laws. 

Teachers' Pay 

The Republican Party led the fight in the 1957 Generaly Assembly 
for an adequate raise in Teachers' pay. Republicans considered this 



206 Nninii C.Mtnr.iXA Manual 

a most needed step in producing better education, and demanded a 
lull 20% raise. The Governor originally came out for a 9.1% raise. 
Due to the efforts of the minority party and an awakened public 
opinion, he changed his position to allow a 15% raise. Additional 
pressure finally brought about a provisional further raise of 1.09%. 
The Republican Party pledges to continue its efforts toward bring- 
ing about adequate pay for our teachers so that they will no longer 
be lured from our State, which has trained them and needs them. 

State Support of Schools 

The Democrat Administration of North Carolina has recently 
indicated it prefers that counties provide more of the money needed 
to maintain our schools. The Republican members of the 1957 
General Assembly strongly opposed change from full State support 
of Public Schools. The Governor was defeated in his attempt to 
provide .good education for rich counties and poor education for 
poor counties. The Republican Party stands on record as favoring 
full State support of our Public Schools. 

Coniiimnity Colleges 

Heretofore, public schooling ended at High School or continued 
through the greater University of North Carolina. Finally a plan 
provides higher education on a local level and at minimum cost to 
the taxpayer. It is obvious that we need training beyond the high 
school level if our people are going to rise above the present very 
low pay rates characteristic of the State. The Republican Party 
advocates the extension of this program to more cities in North 
Carolina. We also recommend that members of both political par- 
ties be allowed representation on the Boards of Trustees. 

County Boards of Education 

The agencies which control the operation of our schools on the 
county level are not representative of the parents of the children 
attnding the schools. They are chosen by means of a mock election 
that merely insures that persons registered as Democrats shall run 
the local schools. Regardless of educational and organizational 
qualifications, no Independent or Republican voter is allowed to 
serve on a County School Board except at the pleasure of local 
Democrat politicians, which action is almost unheard of. As illus- 
tration, in the several counties which are overwhelmingly Repub- 



Republican Platform 207 

lican in all elective offices, not a single Republican is allowed to 
serve on the County School Boards. The majority of the people 
have been disenfranchised. The situation has become more acute 
with the adoption of the Pearsall Plan. While there is nothing ob- 
jectionable about local assignment, there is a great deal objection- 
able about local assignment by representatives of a fractional minor- 
ity of local people. The Republican Party has long fought for a 
reform of this basic evil in our school system, and every Republican 
elected to the General Assembly in 1959 has pledged to continue that 
fight. 

Publicly Supported Tolevision 

The Republican Party questions the wisdom of a State owned 
television station as a luxury in a State where basic educational 
standards are at so low a level. It points to the fact that private 
enterprise is forced into competition with a government agency that 
pays no taxes. If this enterprise is to be continued, it should cover 
matters of public interest with impartiality. As illustration, it is 
noted that this publicly owned television station took care to cover 
the Democrat State Convention but flatly refused to give any cov- 
erage to the Republican State Convention. 

Ijiquor 

The Republican Party notes with regret that Democrat members 
of the 1957 General Assembly and persons attending recent Demo- 
crat Conventions in North Carolina have subjected themselves to 
influence by the liquor interests of North Carolina. We condemn 
the offer and acceptance of this particularly offensive form of petty 
bribery. The Republican Party has long advocated a State-wide 
referendum with regards to the sale of alcoholic beverages. In re- 
affirming this stand we pledge that if we are given control of the 
organization of the General Assembly we shall not permit the issue 
to be pigeon-holed in Committee. 

Agriculture 

North Carolina is a State that lives off its farms to a large extent. 
The welfare of the farmer should be of great concern to our gov- 
ernment and, according to a recent Democrat Platform, there is 
no need for criticism: "We are proud of the record of the Democrat 
Party in having the vision to conceive and the courage to put into 



208 Nourii Caiioi.i.na Mam ai. 

effect the great agricultural programs which in our time have res- 
cued farmers from economic peonage, etc.". The fact is that the 
average farmer in North Carolina earns less than one half that of 
the average farmer across the nation, which includes the heavily 
farmed states of the deep South. We see no reason to be proud of 
a record which shows our farmers to look at the rest of the coun- 
try's farmers and see them twice as prosperous. It should be noted 
that the Republican members of the 1957 General Assembly adopted 
as an important part of their program, a simplified means to enable 
small farmers to get a tax rebate on gasoline used in farm equip- 
ment. We commend the majority party for its recent awareness 
of the plight of our farmer and its attempt to bring industry utiliz- 
ing farm crops into this State. The Republican Party pledges to 
use all its resource.^ to aid this neglected segment of our popula- 
tion. 

Labor 

The National Republican Administration has brought to the peo- 
ple of the United States a minimum wage of one dollar perhour 
on all work involving interstate commerce. The North Carolina 
Democrat Party has brought to the laboring people of this State the 
lowest average earnings in the Nation. Our average weekly unem- 
ployment compensation is the lowest in the United States. There 
are over two hundred thousand non-agricultural employees and 
over four hundred thousand self-employed men and women in North 
Carolina who are not covered by the North Carolina unemployment 
compensation program. Typical of a callous one party rule, the 
leadership of the Democrat Party recently refused to consider ex- 
tending unemployment compensation benefits as proposed by Presi- 
dent Eisenhower. The last Democrat controlled General Assembly 
granted tax relief to North Carolina corporations but refused to 
grant a tax cut to the laboring men and women of this State. The 
Republican Party deplores the fact that more than two hundred 
thousand of our people are earning less than seventy-five cents an 
hour. In the recent General Assembly, Republicans offered legisla- 
tion to provide a minimum of seventy-five cents an hour. This was 
summarily rejected by the Democrat Party, which has gone so far 
as to refuse even a fifty-five cent per hour minimum in recent years. 
The Republican Party now raises its sights to an absolute minimum 
of one dollar per hour for all employees not covered by the Federal 
minimum. With the increase in the cost of living and the tremen- 



Republican^ Platform 209 

dous tax burden imposed by the Democrat Party in Xorth Caro- 
lina tliis seems modest enough. We urge that the majority party 
reevaluate the pitiful state of the working man in this State, where 
the per capita income is only twenty-three dollars per week. The 
Republican Party believes in equal pay for equal work regardless of 
sex. We believe in the process of free collective bargaining be- 
tween labor and management to settle their differences. The Repub- 
lican Party pledges to do all in its power to raise the yoke of feudal 
servitude which the Democrat Party has placed around the neck of 
North Carolina laboring men and women. 

Koads 

When the great road building movement began in North Carolina 
the State Highway Commission was set up on a non-partisan basis. 
Republicans were properly represented. Since that time minority 
representation has been ruthlessly eliminated. The Commission has 
become a major adjunct to the Democrat Party of North Carolina. 
Having no protection of civil service, its employees are economically 
enslaved to the political tyranny of the majority party. We pre- 
dict that the status of our roads will fall behind, as we have fallen 
behind in most other areas of governmental function. The Repub- 
lican Party advocates non-partisan Road Commissioners and the 
hiring of personnel for our road construction and maintenance on 
the basis of qualifications instead of party loyalty. 

Highways and Prisons 

The 1957 General Assembly finally passed legislation making 
possible the division of highways and prisons. Even the Democrat 
politicians were shocked into action by the disgraceful results of 
their spoil system in piison operations. This has been a major 
cause of increased crime in North Carolina. This was a measure 
long sought by the Republican Party of North Carolina. The laws 
enacted are not adequate but we commend the Legislature for taking 
a first step. We will continue our efforts to put an end to the evils 
of a misalliance that has caused both prisons and highways to 
suffer. 

Highway Safety 

Republican efforts contributed in permitting the Highway Patrol 
to use unmarked patrol cars after the 1957 General Assembly, de- 



210 Nduth Caiioi.i.na ^Iaaual 

spite strong opposition by many leaders in the Democrat Party. 
The public has needed protection against habitual speeders as 
evidenced by the fact that this State had over eleven hundred motor 
vehicle traftic deatlis during the preceding year, putting it among 
the top fourth in the Nation. In spite of Republican efforts chemical 
tests for alcohol have been denied the Highway Patrol, even though 
the Motor Vehicles Commissioner has publicly stated. "Tlie drinking 
driver is a worse problem in North Carolina than almost any state 
1 know". Though there may be ample evidence of drunken driving, 
accurately presented by a Highway Patrolman, it is nearly impossi- 
ble to make a charge stick in politically dominated courts. If con- 
victed the politically promninent driver can get a suspension of his 
driver's license delayed indefinitely. The Republican Party advo- 
cates strengthening the laws against habitual offenders and im- 
mediate adoption of a uniform code for traffic violations, whether 
the violator is a rich or poor, Democrat or Republican. 

Drivers' Financial Responsibility 

The Republican Party commends the General Assembly of 1957 
for its overdue legislation which requires some automobile drivers 
to insure themselves for the protection of the public. It should be 
noted that the Republican members of that Assembly were not in 
agreement with the law as passed because of several defects which 
will soon be apparent to the public. Victims of highway accidents 
will be unprotected against the out-of-state driver using our high- 
ways, and will have no recourse against the hit-and-run driver. 
Even more apparent to our motorists will be the soaring automo- 
bile liability insurance rates. One major cause of this is that the 
incompetent, habitually reckless, drinking, and accident prone driver 
will be financially protected by careful drivers. Another needed cor- 
rection is that drivers of vehicles, instead of owners, should be made 
individually responsible. The Republican Party urges the North 
Carolina Commissioner of Insurance to take immediate steps to 
provide legislative recommendations to correct the obvious faults 
of the present law. Otherwise it will fall to the same disrepute as 
did the Motor Vehicles Inspection Law. This is a typical area of 
general public protection that, in other States, requires the advice 
and concurrence of the minority party. Since one party rule pro- 
hibits minority representation in North Carolina, Republicans can 
only urge that those totally responsible for the outcome of the com- 



Republican Platform 211 

pulsory liability insurance law take prompt action to correct its 
major faults. 

Motor Vehicle Inspection Law 

The Democrat Party should take little pride in repealing a law 
to provide inspection of motor vehicles for minimum safety require- 
ments. Had the inspection been made for the convenience of the 
public rather than for bureaucrats. North Carolina highways would 
not now be the final chosen place for wrecks looking for a place to 
happen. The Republican Party recommends the enactment of a 
motor vehicle inspection law, specifying minimum safe require- 
ments, to be conducted by privately owned garages charging a 
specified small rate. All qualified garages should have the privilege 
of conducting such inspections, and the law's enforcement should be 
controlled by a non-partisan board to prevent such a law from be- 
coming another means for the dispensing of majority party patron- 
age. 

State Employees 

The Republican Party commends the employees of the State of 
North Carolina for their excellent services to the people despite 
tremendous handicaps. One of these is the very low rate of pay 
provided many of our State employees, ranking forty-second in the 
nation. The Republican members of the 1957 General Assembly 
supported legislation tending to improve this situation. Against 
this is the excessive pay received by the leaders of the Democratic 
Party who have created for themselves hundreds of jobs paying over 
$10,000 pr annum, plus liberal expense accounts. The Council of 
State, for example, while elected to serve the people at $10,000 per 
annum saw fit to have their salaries increased by a full 20% after 
their election. Another handicap suffered by our State employees 
is the confused authority under which they work. The multitude 
of agencies of our State government has caused our most able work- 
ers to be only partially efficient because of duplication, overlapping, 
cross purposes, and conflicting bureaucratic loyalties. But the most 
glaring handicap is the overwhelming power of one party dictator- 
ship. Our employees are at the mercy of the Democrat Party, which 
can hire and fire at will, enslaving this segment of our population 
economically as well as politically. The late Senator Scott showed 
that even teachers were required to kick back to the Democrat 
Party a substantial part of their earnings if they wished to retain 



212 NoiM 11 Cakoi.i.na Mamal 

their jobs. Worthy State employees deserve better treatment. The 
Republican Party advocates civil service status on a merit basis for 
career State government employees. 

(^)i'i"upti<)ii and Graft 

In recent months the symptoms of a Party too long in power have 
come to light. The Chairman of the majority party and other high 
persons of the Democrat Party have been directly linked to the 
scandal surrounding the Eastern Housing Authority. State Pur- 
chasing and Contract has been suspected of playing political favorit- 
ism in the awards of contracts and this has been more evident in the 
recent refusal to buy from a newly established firm even though it 
submitted low bids. The Republican Party condemns such conduct 
in the State's disposal of public funds. We recommend that the 
majority party investigate these suspicious reports and clean house 
for the sake of all taxpayers in North Carolina. We further take 
note that a man high in the Democrat Party was appointed as head 
of the National Guard of North Carolina. This man had few quali- 
fications for such service compared to the men who must serve under 
his command. Recently the Chairman of the State ABC Board was 
dismissed under tire of public indignation over the conduct of his 
association with the liquor interests in North Carolina. It is too 
typical of the Democrat Party that it saw fit to immediately appoint 
this man as a district service officer of the State Veterans Com- 
mission — a post for which other available men were clearly more 
qualified. The Republican Party will work to put a prompt end to 
such questionable appointments. 

Conservation and Development 

One of the primary functions of the Department of Conservation 
and Development is to bring industry to North Carolina. Until 
recently its record has been one of dismal failure compared to the 
success of neighboring states. Under the prodding of our Governor 
and huge appropriations, this Department has finally shown some 
signs of life, for which the Republican Party commends it. But 
we point without approval to its aggrandizement of the Governor 
at public expense. It has been noted that in the full page ads in 
national magazines, the photograph and description of the Governor 
has consistently replaced other attractions of North Carolina. We 
recommend cessation of such use of taxpayer's money. 



RiiTiii.KAx Platfok.m 213 

Public Health 

North Carolina has been making slow progress in the cleaning 
up of our rivers. Although there are some provisions in our laws 
for properly treating sewage, Democrat leadership has failed to 
enforce or put time limits for action. As a result most of our rivers 
and streams are polluted. Public health is endangered to an un- 
pardonable extent. The Republican Party advocates that definite 
time limits for the proper disposal of sewage be enacted into law 
at the next session of the General Assembly. 

Public Welfare 

Despite the nation's highest taxes, the Democrat Party of North 
Carolina has proved unable to provide for the indigent. While the 
National average for old age assistance is sixty-one dollars per 
month, our destitute old folks get thirty-six dollars per month. Our 
aid to dependent children, the permanently disabled, and the blind 
is about two-thirds the national average. The people of North 
Carolina would profit by bringing about a change in government 
that can do so little with so much tax money. While present laws 
consider it the duty of the father to support his children after a 
divorce, the laxness of legislation for enforcement now causes the 
taxpayer to support several thousand children of divorced parents. 
The Republican Party advocates the immediate enactment of legis- 
lation to force irresponsible parents to support their children or face 
severe fine and imprisonment. 

Taxes 

There is no clearer measure of the competence of a government 
than the amount it must tax its citizens for the services it renders. 
In North Carolina our services are very poor when measured against 
the other States. That we are at or near the bottom in every 
statistical measure of education is vivid illustration. Yet the people 
of North Carolina pay their State government one of the highest 
taxes of any people in this Nation. No other State has some of our 
taxes; no other State exceeds our taxes. The list of taxes is indeed 
long, but our having among the highest sales tax, highest personal 
income tax. highest intangibles tax, and highest wholesale tax is 
typical of many other categories. However, a few politically favored 
groups enjoy exceptions to the general rule. The tobacco industry, 
for example, has a much lower tax on its sales in North Carolina 



214 North Cakoi.i.na Manual 

than in other states. All considered, the tax load in North Carolina 
is way out of line and this is clearly reflected in the exodus or 
avoidance of our State hy people and businesses. The Republican 
Party commends the present administration for revising our State 
corporation tax laws so that, although we are still among the high- 
est in the country in this category, we are now not a state to be 
completely avoided by industry. This reform should have been 
made many years ago. 

Innumerable plants would not have by-passed North Carolina had 
Republican recommendations been heeded. We now urge other re- 
forms. We urge that the loopholes in the sales tax structure be 
closed so that a general reduction will be possible without loss of 
revenue. We urge that a withholding tax on income be applied to 
non-residents and transient workers so that they may pay their fair 
share of the tax burden and provide relief for our year-around tax 
paying citizens. We advocate that this relief be made in the form 
of a deduction of taxes paid to the Federal government from income 
applicable to State income tax. It is patently unfair that our people 
should be paying the highest of State personal income taxes on that 
part of their income which they have never received. We urge the 
abolition of the intangibles tax noting that people of wealth who 
avoid residence in North Carolina would greatly increase the State's 
revenue from sales and income taxes if this highly objectionable 
tax were repealed. We advocate the repeal of the wholesale tax 
because it is a hidden sales tax for the consumer and because it 
drives independent distributing companies from North Carolina — 
the only state levying such a tax. This relatively small loss in 
revenue can be readily recovered by universal and equitable privi- 
lege taxes. These obvious reforms are the minimum which will 
satisfy the Republican Party. We advocate a thorough overgoing 
of our tax structure with the purpose of really equalizing the tax 
burden for all our people without regard for the political pressures 
which have characterized the scratch and patch taxlaws of today. 

Budget 

In view of the unprecedented billion dollar budget recently adopt- 
ed by this State it is obvious that a closer scrutiny of department 
requests is immediately needed. Democrat leadership endorsed in- 
creases such as four million dollars for general government, thirty 
million dollars for capital improvements, and nearly fifty million 
dollars for salary incerases aside from school teachers' pay. The 



Republican Platfor:\i 215 

Republican Party advocates a public comptroller to justify these 
monstrous expenditures of public funds. We question the manage- 
ment of public money when debt service was increased by three 
and one half million dollars in face of more than sixty millions in 
surplus. Too long have members of the General Assembly been at 
the mercy of Department heads whose inflated requests for additional 
funds is prompted more by a desire for an increase in their bureau- 
cracies than for the public good. Only by a change to an economy 
minded State administration, a Republican administration, can the 
people hope for a reversal in ever increasing State spending. 

Fiscal Policy 

The majority party in this State has loudly praised itself for its 
fiscal policies. Now it appears that it has come to follow the theory 
of the National Democrat Party, which has long been characterized 
by deficit spending. Democrat leadership does not see the need for 
a balanced budget. On the national level this has meant continuous 
inflation and the degeneration of the dollar. On the State level it 
means that we shall obligate future taxes for current expenditures. 
Our recent so-called "business administration" took hold of the State 
government in 1957 with more than sixty million dollars in surplus. 
This was due to the excessive taxation of the previous administra- 
tion and the unusual prosperity being enjoyed under the national 
Republican administration. Yet the General Assembly was asked 
to vote approval of a ten million dollar bond issue to make up for 
deficit spending. The Republican members unanimously opposed 
this unnecessary squandering of public funds. They repeatedly 
voted against provisions that contributed to the previously unheard 
of billion dollar budget. They advocated cutting down on govern- 
mental luxuries and voted against approximately thirty million 
dollars worth of waste. As Republicans, asking for the support of 
the people of North Carolina, we pledge more than a balanced bud- 
get; we pledge a reduced budget which will enable general tax 
reductions. 

Banking' 

We point with concern to the fact that a great many North Caro- 
lina banks do not cash checks at par. In the time when charging 
for checking services was not in general practice, this may have 
been necessary for survival. Today non-par banks are enjoying 



216 NoKTii Cauofixa Manual 

unprecedented Republican prosperity for whicli all citizens may be 
thankful. The present economy requires that the transfer of money 
move by check. It is the proper function of the government to im- 
prove the flow of money for all the people of this State. It is the 
proper time to eliminate non-i)ar hanking. 

Judiciary 

The North Carolina Bar Association is making a long overdue 
attempt to clean up the Courts of North Carolina. There is no 
doubt that the situation is desperate. Areas of Judicial authority 
are confused. Many lower courts are handling cases in a completely 
inadequate manner, primarily because many unqualified men are 
encouraged to serve as Judges under one-party conception of Jus- 
tice. Penalties for violations of laws are not in any way uniform 
from one county to another. This haphazard method of dealing out 
justice has resulted in public disregard for the sanctity of our 
courts. It is especially evident in the contempt for the law shown 
by the young people of North Carolina. The Republican Party advo- 
cates the open election of Judges by the people of the District over 
which he shall have judicial authority. 

Tlie Fee System 

This is one of the most objectionable forms of dealing out justice 
in the United States. The Democrat Party has fostered the system 
to the point of a state-wide scandal. With no apparent control or 
limit in number, Justices of the Peace administer the law throughout 
North Carolina. Many of them are completely unqualified to serve 
as Judges. Not only is there no uniformity to the fees they may 
charge their public victims, but their earnings depend on those fees. 
The Republican Party urges the immediate abolition of the fee 
system and the immediate inauguration of salaried and competent 
Judges to administer our laws. 

Exteii.sion of Juvenile Courts 

The Republican Party believes that children sixteen years of age 
should not be treated as adult offenders. We advocate that cases 
involving children up to seventeen years of age be provided the 
protection of a juvenile court, the chance to complete their educa- 
tion, and the counseling services offered by juvenile courts. 



Rp:pubi.icax Pi.atfoum 217 

Conclusion 

The Republican Party of North Carolina shall never be satisfied 
with pointing to the poor record of the opposition; and we do not 
ridicule the false claims of greatness made by the Democrat Party. 
Their claims of excellence for this State should be made real. No 
State can excell North Carolina in its totality of natural and human 
resources. No other State can claim equal grandeur of hills and 
seacoast, equal farmland and industrial sites, equal climate and 
fresh water supply, and equal people grounded in generations of 
American history. Altogether this State is superior except in to- 
day's most important catalyst of human endeavor, which is our 
government. This platform intends to inform the people of this 
State that a great future is possible. We urge our voting citizens 
to bring it about by their support of the candidates pledged to the 
principles of the Republican Party. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Adopted in Convention. March 10, 1956, at Durham 

ARTICLE I 

The Precinct as a Unit 

1. The unit of party action shall be the election precinct. In 
every precinct in each General Election year, the County Chairman 
shall call precinct meetings at such time as shall be designated 
by the Chairman of the State Republican Executive Committee 
after giving ten (10) days vv^ritten notice to each Precinct Chair- 
man and after ten (10) days notice of such meeting in a newspaper 
of general circulation within the county. 

2. Precinct meetings shall elect a Precinct Committee of five 
or more voters, one of whom shall be designated as Chairman 
and one as Vice-Chairman, one of whom shall be a woman, and 
a Secretary. The members and officers of the Precinct Committee 
shall hold their places for two years and until their successors are 
chosen. Precinct meetings shall elect one delegate and one alter- 
nate to the County Convention and one additional delegate and 
alternate for each fifty votes, or major fraction thereof, cast for 
the Republican candidate for Governor at the last General Election. 

3. Other precinct meetings may be held at such times and places 
as shall be designated by the Chairman of the Precinct Committee 
after first giving ten (10) days notice of such meeting. 

4. In case of death or resignation of any officer of the precinct, 
such vacancy shall be filled by the remaining members of the 
Precinct Committee. In the event any Chairman of any precinct 
fails to act, then the Chairman of the County Committee shall 
appoint someone to serve in his or her place until a Precinct 
meeting can be called and the new Chairman elected. The County 
Chairman shall call such a meeting within thirty (30) days. 

ARTICLE II 
County Convention and Comjiittee 

1. A County Convention shall be called in each general election 
year by the Chairman of the County Committee, at the County 

218 



Plan of Okganizatiox 219 

Seat, at the date set by the Chairman of the State Republican 
Executive Committee, aftei" giving fifteen (15) days notice tliereof 
to all precinct chairmen and after giving fifteen (15) days notice 
of such Convention in a newspaper of general circulation within 
the County. The alternates and delegates elected in the precinct 
meetings shall sit as delegates and alternates in the County Con- 
vention. 

2. The County Convention shall choose a Chairman and a 
Vice-Chairman, one of whom shall be a woman, a Secretary and 
such other officers as may be deemed necessary. Such biennial 
County Convention shall further elect one delegate and one alter- 
nate to the District and State Conventions for every two hundred 
votes, or major fraction thereof, cast for the Republican nominee 
for Governor at the latest election in said county. Every county 
shall have at least one vote. In addition thereto, each county shall 
be entitled to one additional delegate and alternate for eacli Repub- 
lican member of the State House of Representatives elected by the 
county in the preceding election. 

3. The County Convention shall elect a County Executive Com- 
mittee of five or more voters, who shall hold their places for a 
term of two years, and until their successors are elected. This 
committee shall cooperate with the District and State Committees 
on all elections, shall encourage qualified candidates for office with- 
in the county, and shall have active management of Party affairs 
within its boundaries. 

4. The County Executive Committee shall meet at least once 
a year upon the call of the Chairman, and upon the petition of 
one-third of the members of the Committee, if the Chairman shall 
fail or refuse to call a meeting. 

5. The Chairman of the County Committee shall issue tlie call 
for the County Convention, preside at all meetings of the County 
Committee, shall obtain and preserve a list of registered Republican 
voters within the county, and shall have such other duties as may 
be prescribed by the County Committee. The Vice-Chairman shall 
function as Chairman of the County Committee in the absence of 
the Chairman. The Secretary shall keep all minutes and records, 
and shall keep a roster of all precinct officers and Committeemen. 
Such records shall be available, upon request, to any registered 
Republican within the County. 



220 Xoitrii Cakoi.i.na Ma.mai, 

(!. In case of death or resignation of any member of the Com- 
mittee or any officer of the Committee, the resulting vacancy shall 
be tilled by the County Executive Committee. 

7. Any officer or member of the County Committee may be 
removed by a two-thirds vote of the Committee after being furnished 
with notice of the cliarges against him, signed by not less than 
one-third of the members of the Committee and allowing him 
thirty days to appear and defend himself; provided further that 
said cause for removal shall be confined to gross inefficiency or 
party disloyalty. 

ARTICLE III 

Co.NGHKSSlO.NAI,. JlllUlAI.. AM) SK.XATOUI AI. COMMITTEES 

1. The District Committees shall be composed of the Chairmen 
of the several County Committees within the District, and a 
Chairman and Vice-Chairman, one of whom shall be a woman, and 
Secretary of said District, who shall be elected biennially at the 
District Conventions. The District Committee shall manage all 
District campaigns, cooperate with the State Committee on all 
State campaigns, and shall encourage qualified candidates for public 
office within their respective Districts. 

2. The District Conventions shall be called by their respective 
Chairmen on the date designated by the Chairman of the State 
Republican Executive Committee upon twenty (20) days notice of 
the time and place for holding same. Upon the failure for any rea- 
son, of the District Chairman to call a District Convention, the said 
call may be issued by the Secretary of the District Committee. 

3. In every Presidential Election year, the Congressional Dis- 
trict Convention shall further elect one Presidential elector, and 
two delegates and two alternates to the Republican National Con- 
vention, and members of the State Executive Committee. 

ARTICLE IV 

St.vte Conventions 

A State Convention shall be called in every General Election 
year by the Chairman of the Republican State Executive Commit- 
tee after forty-five (45) days notice thereof to all members of the 
State Executive Committee, all Chairmen of the several Countv 



Plax of Okgaxizatiox 221 

Executive Committees, and tlie Chairmen of all District Com- 
mittees, of the time and place of holding same. In the call for the 
State Convention the Chairman of the State Republican Exec- 
utive Committee shall designate the date for the precinct meet- 
ings, and the County and District Conventions. The State Con- 
vention biennially shall elect a State Chairman and a Vice-Chair- 
man (one of whom shall be a wroman). In each Presidential elec- 
tion year, the State Convention shall recommend to the National 
Republican Executive Committee, for a term of four years, the 
names of two persons, a man and a woman, for National Com- 
mitteeman and National Committeewoman, respectively. The State 
Convention shall further elect, in every Presidential election year, 
four delegates and four alternates to the National Republican 
Convention. 



ARTICLE V 
Repubucax Statk ExKcrxivE Committee 

1. The Republican State Executive Committee shall be composed 
of four members from each Congressional District, and one addi- 
tional member from each Congressional District for every three 
thousand votes or major fraction thereof cast in said Congressional 
District for the Republican candidate for Governor at the preceding 
election, elected at the Congressional conventions. They shall hold 
their office for a period of two years, or until their successors are 
elected and qualified. 

2. The State Chairman, State Vice-Chairman, National Committee- 
man, National Committeewoman. the permanent Chairman and 
Secretary of the preceding State Convention, the Treasurer of the 
Republican State Executive Committee, the National Committeeman, 
the National Committeewoman and the President of the Women's 
Republican Federation, State Chairman of the Young Republicans 
and the National Committeewoman of the Young Republicans shall 
be members of the State Executive Committee, ex-oft'icio, with the 
right to participate in its discussions and to vote on all matters 
coming before the Committee. 

3. The State Committee shall meet annually, upon the call of 
the Chairman on the afternoon preceding the annual Lincoln Day 
Dinner, and at such other time or times as the State Chairman 



222 North Cahoiina Mamal 

shall determine. One-third of the members of the State Committee 
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. 

4. The State Committee shall have the power to elect a Secre- 
tary and an Assistant Secretary (one of whom shall come from 
the Young Republicans), a Treasurer, and such other officers 
which it may deem necessary, wlio shall serve for a term of two 
years and until their successors are cliosen. The State Committee 
shall formulate and provide for the execution of such plans and 
measures as it may deem conducive to tlie best interests of the 
Republican Party. It shall manage all State campaigns and en- 
courage qualified candidates for State offices. The State Committee 
shall have active management of all affairs of the party within 
the State, and shall delegate such duties as it deems proper, from 
time to time, to tlie Republican State Executive Board. 

5. The State Chairman shall call meetings of the State Exec- 
utive Committee, after giving fifteen (15) days notice of time, 
place and purpose of said meeting, when the needs of the Party 
so demand, but in no event less than once a year. He shall preside 
at all meetings of the State Committee, and shall have sucli other 
duties as may be prescribed by the State Executive Committee. 
The Vice-Chairman shall assist the Chairman in his duties and 
shall preside at all meetings of tlie State Executive Committee 
in the absence of the Chairman. The Secretary shall keep all 
minutes and records and shall further keep a roster of all County 
officers and all State Committee members. Such records shall be 
available, upon request, to any Committee member and to any 
County Chairman. 

6. In case of death or resignation of any officer of the State 
Executive Committee, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the 
State Executive Committee. In case of death or resignation of any 
member of the State Committee, representing a Congressional Dis- 
trict, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the remaining mem- 
bers of the Congressional District in which such vacancy occurs. 

ARTICLE VI 

The State Executive Board 

1. There shall be a Republican State Executive Board composed 
of twelve members to be selected by the members of the State 



Plax of Organization 223 

Republican Executive Committee, one from each Congressional Dis- 
trict, and in addition thereto the Chairman of the Republican 
State Executive Committee, Vice-Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer, 
and Republican National Committeeman, Republican National Com- 
mitteewoman shall be members of the State Executive Board, ex- 
officio, with the full right to participate in its discussions and 
activities, and vote on all matters at issue before the Board. 

2. The Republican State Executive Board shall have the power 
to appoint a General Counsel, a Finance Committee, a Publicity 
Committee, a Campaign Committee, and such other committees 
as it may deem necessary for the proper conduct of the affairs 
of the Party; to adopt a budget, and to do all other things per- 
taining to Party affairs which it may be authorized to do from time 
to time by the Republican State Executive Committee. The Re- 
publican State Executive Board shall keep accurate accounts of its 
proceedings and shall make reports to the State Executive Com- 
mittee annually. 

3. The Republican State Executive Board shall meet upon the 
call of the State Chairman, or upon the failure of the Chairman, 
upon the call of the State Vice-Chairman. One-third of the mem- 
bers of the State Executive Board shall constitute a quorum for 
the transaction of business. 

ARTICLE VII 

Voting in Convention 

1. No delegate, alternate, or other member of a Convention shall 
cast any vote by proxy, provided however, that any delegate or 
delegates present shall have the right to cast the entire vote of 
the precinct in County Conventions, and of the County in State and 
District Conventions. 

ARTICLE VIII 

Convention Procedure 

1. The State, District and County Conventions shall be called 
to order by their respective Chairmen, or in the absence of the 
Chairman, by the Vice-Chairman or Secretary, in order stated, who 
shall have the power to appoint and receive the reports of the 
Credentials Committee, to appoint other temporary and necessary 
committees, at or before the convening of the Convention. 



224 XoKTii Cauoli.na Ma.mal 

2. The certificate of the Chairman and Secretary of any Pre- 
cinct mass-meeting or Convention authorized to elect delegates 
and alternates shall be deemed sufficient to place the name of such 
delegates and alternates on the temporary roll of the respective 
conventions, and unless successfully challenged, shall be a com- 
plete authorization to said delegates and alternates to act. 

ARTICLE IX 

FlXAXCIAI, ACCOT'XTS 

The Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer of the County. Dis- 
trict and State Committees shall keep faithful and accurate rec- 
ords of any and all moneys received by them for the use of said 
Committees and shall make faithful and accurate report thereof 
when so requested. 

ft 

ARTICLE X 
Appointments 

1. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office on a local or 
County level, the Republican County Executive Committee shall 
make recommendation for the tilling of such vacancy, and it shall 
be the duty of the State Chairman to abide by such recommenda- 
tion. 

2. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office on a District level, 
such vacancy shall be filled by recommendation of the State Chair- 
man, only upon recommendation of the National Committeeman 
and National Committeewoman and members of the State Com- 
mittee from the District involved. 

3. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office on the State level, 
such vacancy shall be filled by the recommendation of the State 
Chairman, only on recommendation of the State Executive Board. 

ARTICLE XI 

Pahticipatio.x in Pahty Actions 

All references herein to voters, delegates, alternates, chairmen, 
vice-chairmen, and other precinct, county and state officials shall 
in all cases be construed to mean persons identified and registered 
with the Republican Party. 



Pl.AX OF Okganizatiox 225 

ARTICLE XII 

Controversies 

Controversies in any county with respect to the organization set 
up therein under this plan, shall be referred to the State Chair- 
man, National Committeeman and National Committeewoman for 
arbitration and their decision shall be final. 

ARTICLE XIII 

Effective Date 

The foregoing plan of organization shall become effective after 
the close of the Republican State Convention held in Durham, 
North Carolina, March 10, 1956. 

Frank C. Patton 
Chairman 



226 



North Carolina Manual 



COMMITTEES OF THE STATE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

(From list furnished by Chairman, State 
Republican Executive Committee) 



State Republican Executive Committee 

STATE ok(;amzatio\ 

Chairman : William E. Cobb Morganton 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Katherine N. McColL Southern Pines 

Secretary : Kenneth B. Thomas Hickory 

Treasurer : Holu it S. Ewing Southern Pines 

Natidonal Committeeman: J. E. Broyhill Lenoir 

National Committeewoman : ;Mrs. Louis G. Rogers Charlotte 

Young Republican Federation: 

State Chairman : ^^■vvy Green Charlotte 

National Committeeman : Ervin Porterfield Burlington 

National Committeewoman : Stella Rutledge Wilson 

Women's Federation: 

President: .Mrs. J. D. Stratton Charlotte 

Past President: Mrs. A. E. Verbyla Lenoir 

President- Elect: Mrs. J. W. Lassiter Charlotte 

First District 

John Katclitt', Pantego X. E. Manning. Williaraston 

John A. Wilkinson, Washington Zeno O. Ratclitf, Sr., Pantego 

T. D. Sumnu'rville, Plymouth G. L. Markham, Elizabeth City 

Claude L. Greene. Jr., Robersonville Vernon Gaskill, Wanchese 

Second District 

W. T. Outland. Woodland J. W. Wood, Littleton 

Mrs. Margaret R. Yogt, Wilson Julian Cameron, Kinston 

Thurston B. Lowe, Wilson 

Third District 
E. L. Peterson, Clinton Mrs. Garvin Hardison, Arapahoe 

A. L. Wilson, Newport A. L. Butler, Clinton 

Steve W'ilkins, Rose Hill P. B. Lockerman, Clinton 

Sam Waller, Mt. Olive Joe A. Dunn, Clinton 

Dr. R. A. Wilkins, Mt. Olive 

Fourth District 

Paul C. West, Raleigh Joel Johnson, Four Oaks 

W. Ed Gavin, Asheboro J E. Spence, Siler City 

A. J. Brower, Liberty E. J. Straughan, Siler City 

E. T. Walton, Asheboro Bradley McLamb, Benson 

George D. Manning, Asheboro Henry E. White. Henderson 

W. R. Young, Louisburg A. H. Farmer, Bailey 

Wade Marr, Jr., Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Banner Shelton, Stoneville Harold Hodges, Mount Airy 

S. R. Allred, Burlington Grady Swisher, Kernersville 

Wesley Dunlap. Walnut Cove Kussell Brown, Winston-Salem 

Ralph Martin, Walnut Cove John Graham, Winston-Salem 

Ralph Bullins, Danbury Ray Helsabeck, Winston-Salem 

Frank Garner, King Buford T. Henderson, W'inston- Salem 

Joe Southard, Elkin William E. Morrow, Winston-Salem 

Charles Mattliews, Pilot Mountain Mrs. Claire CuUison, Winston-Salem 



State Committees, Republican 



227 



Sixth District 



Woith D. Henderson, Greensboro 
Mrs. C. W. Dwiggins, Greensboro 
X. D. McXairy, Greensboro 
Roy C. ilillikan, Greensboro 
Xeil Beard, Jr., Greensboro 
Silas Casey, High Point 
R. D. Davis, High Point 



^'. Xewlin Hayworth, High Point 
L. W. Sparrow, Cliapel Hill 
Liiplus Brown, Hillsboro 
H. H. Daniley, Elon College 
Paul Messick, Burlington 
A. A. McDonald, Durham 
E. T. Brown, Durham 



Russell M. Barringer, Durham 



Seventh District 

R. E. Lewis, Wilming^ton George H. Cannon, Wilmington 

L. C. Babson, Freeland Curtis Guy, Coats 

Mrs. John Penjenick, Fayetteville Wade H. Kinlaw, Lumberton 

Wayne E. Bailey, Chadbourn 



Eighth District 



Claude Hicks, Mocksville 
Leslie B. Cohen, Mt. Gilead 
J. Eugene Snyder. Lexington 
Hiram H. Ward, Lexington 
Joe Berrier. Thoraasville 
E. C. Morris, Mocksville 
B. C. Brock, Mocksville 



1'. E. Brown, Wilkesboro 

Claude Kennedy, Wilkesboro 

H. P. Eller, Wilkesboro 

F. D. B. Harding, Yadkinville 

W; E. Rutledge, Yadkinville 

Marvin C. Cole. Candor 

R. L. Bennett, EUerbe 



S. C. Eggers, Sr., Boone 
C. H. Vestal, Sparta 
X. C. Jones, Laurel Springs 
B. B. Graybeal, West Jefferson 
Rex Morton, West Jefferson 
E. C. McCall, Lenoir 
Frank L. Smith, Sr., Lenoir 
John L. Anderson, Lenoir 
0. 0. Cruse, Concord 
Monroe Adams, Statesvlile 
Hugo Kimball, Statesville 
E. E. Harmon, Harmony 



Ninth District 
A. M. 



Miller, Salisbury 
R. M. Andrews, Faith 
G. C. Peeler, Salisbury 
D. A. Randleman, Salisbury 
H. M. Thompson, New London 
Harold G. Furr, Locust 
S. Craig Hopkins, Albemarle 
Branch Lilly, Norwood 
Dallas Campbell, Taylorsville 
Ray Jennings, Taylorsville 
Watt H. Gragg, Boone 
Earl D. Cooke, Boone 



Tenth District 



Jesse W. Page, Jr., Charlotte 
Marcus Hickman, Charlotte 
Woodall Young, Banner Elk 
James F. Hughes, Linville 
Frank Patton, Morganton 
X. 0. Pitts, Sr., Glen Alpine 
R. M. Lineberger, Morganton 
Mrs. Clarion Aiken, Hickory 
Austin E. Smith, Hickory 
Paul Sliipman, Hickory 
Carroll Abernathy, Jr., Hickory 
Perry Xixon, Denver 



Robert Coon, A'ale 

\Vm. T. Alexander, Charlotte 

Mrs. Oliver T. Rowe, Charlotte 

Dave Morton, Charlotte 

Mrs. E. W. Simpson, Charlotte 

Mrs. J. W. Lassiter, Charlotte 

W. 0. Gouge, Bakersville 

Don Street, Bakersville 

John Huss, Newton 

E. J. Presser, Charlotte 

Dan R. Simpson, Morganton 

Richard A. Williams, Xewton 



Eleventh District 



William X. Puett, Gastonia 

J. S. Dockery, Rutherfordton 

Fred D. Hamrick, Jr., Rutherfordton 

Joyce W. Clark, Mount Holly 

Tom A. Hanna, Mt. Holly 

G. V. Hawkins, Shelby 

Kelley Dixon, Kings Mountain 

Paul Westbrook, 



Rt. 



B. R Penland, Burnsville 
Donald Banks, Burnsville 
R. S. Rice, Mars Hill 

Loy P. Roberts, Marshall 

C. R. Craig, Marion 

W. R. Chambers, Marion 
Ernest Giblis, Columbus 
1, Camiiobello, S. C. 



228 North Cauolixa Manual 



Twelfth District 

OrvilU' Coxvard. Sylva Hr. \V. K. .MitchiU. Bryson City 

Dr. ,1. B. Painter. Ciillowliee H. Af. (iieKory. HtMidersonville 

Mitchell F. IjOininivc, West Aslieville (.'rady (Uulaiul, Hendersonville 

.Marvin Vance. Aslieville T. M. .Tenkins. Kolibinsville 

Dan .Tudd. Aslieville .John O'Dell. .Murphy 

Ilarnld Sams, AsheviHe Kellis Radford. >Iurphv 

,1. .1. Britf. ,Tr.. Ashevllle A. H. Keller. Hayesville 

Tillman Powell, Canton lA-uis Hamlin, Brevard 

Glen A. Boyd, Waynesville Fred Cruse, Franklin 

A. K, Higdon, Franklin 



State Committkks, Republican 229 

STATE REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL, JUDICIAL 
AND SENATORIAL DISTRICT COMMITTEES 

The work of the State Republican Congressional, Judicial and 
Senatorial Executive Committees is handled by the Chairmen of the 
Republican County Executive Committees. 

Chairmen and Vice Chairmen 
Republican County Executive Committees 

1958 

Alaniaiue Chairman: T. Paul Messick, Rt. 7, Burlington 

Vlce-riiairman : Mrs. J. R. Hoffman 
Alexander Chairman : N. K. Martin, Stony Point 

Vice-Cliairnian : Mrs. Jay Stai kleatlier, Taylorsville 
Alleghany Chairman: Robert L. .Johnson. Sparta 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. Walter P. .Tohnson. Sparta 
Anson Chairman : C. A. Bland. Wadesboro 

Vice-Cliairnian : Mrs. R. A. Cratty, Ansonville 
Ashe Chairman : .Take K. Graliam. Todd 

Viee-Chairmaii : Mrs. Zola Ricliaidson, West .Jefferson 
Avery Chairman : Cliarles Jjambert, Unville 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. Aldie Johnson. Crossnore 
Beaufort Chairman : John L. Ratcliff, Pantego 

Vice-chairman : Mrs. W'alter Berry, Auroia 
Bertie Chairman : O. C. Freeman, Colerain 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. B. I). Brown, Colerain 
Bladen ,,, .Chairman : None 

A'ice-Chairman : None 

Brunswick Chairman : H. L. Wllletts. Bolivia 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. C. W. Knox. Bolivia 

Buncombe Cliairman : Jack A. Crawford, Asheville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. John Moore, Candler 

Burke Chairman : C. Noah Pitts, Jr., Jlorganton ] 

Vice-Chairman : Jolin Guigou, Sr., Valdese i 

Cabarrus Chairman : Henry D. Carpenter, Concord i 

Vice-Cliairman : None . j 

Caldwell Chairman : Frank L. Smith, Sr., Lenoir 

Vice-Cliairnian : Mrs. A. L. Verbyla, Lenoir 
Camden Chairman: J. B. Burgess, Old Trap 

Vice-Chairman: Eft'ie Bray, Shiloli 
Carteret Chairman : I. I). Gillikin. Beaufort 

Vice-Chairman : Jesse Piner, Williston 
Caswell Chairman : S. R. Allred. Rt. 2, Burlington 

Vice-Chairman: Jlrs. Helen Farris, Rt. 1, Reidsville 
Catawl)a Chairman : J. Carroll Abernetthy, Jr.. Hickory 

A'ice-Chairman : Foy C. Hefner. Hickory 
Cliatham Chairman: Archie M. Ellis, Siler City 

A'ice-Cliairman : Mrs. J. G. Williams, Hynum 
Clieiokee Chairman : E. E. Stiles, JIurphy 

Vice-Cliairman : (irady (Jarrett. An(bc\vs 
Cliowan Chaiiman : Rot)ert B. Smith, Edentoii 

^■ice-Cllairmall : M. A. Huglies, Edciilon 



230 North Carolina Manual 



Clay ("hairiiiaii : Horaic .McClure, Hajesville 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. J. M. May, Hayesville 

Cleveland Chairman : J. Worth Silvers, Shelby 

A'ice-Chairman : Mrs. Edith W. Lovelace, Shelby 

Columbus Cliairman : None 

Vice-Chairman : None 

Craven Chairman: W. B. Rouse, New Bern 

A'ice-Cliairman : None 

Cumlierland Chairman: John J. Penznik, Jr., Fayetteville 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Warren H. Coolidne R 1, Sprint; Lake 
Currituck Cliairman : None 

Vlce-Cliairman : None 
Dare Chairman: L. V. Gaskill, Wanchese 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. George Payne, Stumpy Point 
Davidson Chairman: J. Eugene Snyder, Lexington 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. Savannah Harris, Thomasville 
Davie Chairman : Glenn Hammer, Mocksville 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. E. M. Sliermer, Advance 
Duplin Chairman : 0. C. Blanchard, Jr., Wallace 

Vice-Chairman : None 
Durham Cliairman : Clarence B. Pifer. Durliam 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. G. C. Linthicum, Durham 
Edgecombe Chairamn : J. R. Satterthwaite. RFD, Tarboro 

Vice-Chairman : C. Frank Dupree. Rt. 2. Rocky Blount 
Forsyth Chairman: William E. Morrow, Wlnston-Salem 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. Robert J. DeForest, Pfafftown 
Franklin Cliairman : W. R. Young, Youngsville 

Vice-Chairman : None 
Gaston Chairman : Ralph 0. Wallace, Belmont 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. William N. Puett, Dallas 

Gates (liairman : None 

Vice-Chairman : None 

Graham Chairman : J. Tillman Stuart, Robbinsville 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Jack F. Shuler, Robbinsville 

Granville Chairman : J. N. Gilmore, Oxford 

Vice-Cliairnian : None 

Greene Chairman : R. D. S. Dixon, Walstonburg 

Vice-Chairman : Harry R. Mitchell, Snow Hill 

Guilford Chairman: Newlin Hayworth, High Point 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Juliette Dwiggins, Greensboro 

Halifax .Chairman : J. W. Wood, Littleton 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Edna J. Reynolds, Roanoke Rapids 

Harnett Chairman : J. M. Tudor, Jr., Angler 

Vice-Cliairman: Mrs. Mary McDonald, Rt. 1. Lillington 

Haywood Chairman : H. E. Slierrill. Canton 

Vice-Cliairman : Janice Smathers. Clyde 

Henderson Chairman: Robert R. Freeman, Hendersonville 

Vice-l'liairman : Mrs. Paul D. Pliilllps. Hendersonville 

Hertford Chairman : Dr. J. H. Keller. Ahoskie 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Robert A. Anderson, Ahoskie 

Hoke Chairman : None 

Vice-Chairman : None 

Hyde Chairman : D. L. Berry, Swan Quarter 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Queenie Boomer, Swan Quarter 

Iredell Chairman : A. Z. Gofortli, Statesville 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. Robert W. Soutli, Mooresville 

Jackson Chairman : Lewis Bumgarner, Sylva 

Vice-Chairman : None 



State Committees, Republicaiv 231 

Jnhnston ("hairman : 0. B. Batten, Rt. 2, Kenly 

Vice-Chairnian : Jewe Strickland Lamm, Rt. 1. Middlesex 
Jones Chairman : Xone 

Vice-Chairman : None 
Lee Chairman : 0. F. Patterson, Sr., Sanford 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Elliott Clark, Sanford 
Lincoln Chairman : L. A. Crowell, ,Tr., Lincolnton 

Vice-Chairnian : Robert C. Coon, Lincolnton 
Lenoir Chairman: J. E. Cameron, Kinston 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. J. E. Cameron, Kinston 
Macon Chairman : C. Bryant McClure, Rt. 2, Franklin 

Vice-Chairman : J. C. Crisp, Franklin 
Madison Chairman : Clyde M. Roberts, Marshall 

Vice-Chairman : Craig L. Rudisill, Jr., Marshall 
Martin Chairman : Wade E Vick, Robersonville 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Beatrice Robertson, Robersonville 
Mecklenburg Chairman : JIarcus T. Hickman, Charlotte 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. J. W. Lassiter, Charlotte 
Mitchell Chairman : Warren H. Pritchard, Spruce Pine 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Emmett Sullins, Spruce Pine 
Montgomery Cliairman : Leslie B. Cohen, Mt. Gilead 

Vice-Chairman : Doyle Stevenson, Biscoe 
Moore Chairman: Robert S. Ewing. Southern Pines 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. Katherine H. McColl, Soutliern Pines 
McDowell Chairman : Dotson S. Hollifield, Marion 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Charles Craig, Marion 
Nash Chairman : Xone 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 

New Hanover Chairman : Mrs. T. M. Flock, W'ilmington 

Vice-Chairman : None 

Northampton Chairman : W. T. Outland, Woodland 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Julia Edwards, George 
Onslow Chairman : Albert N. Venters, Jacksonville 

Vice-Chairman : None 
Orange Chairman : Xone 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 
Pamlico Chairman : Kelly B. Watson, Lowland 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 
Pasquotank Chairman : G. L. Markham, Elizatietli City 

Vice-Cliairnian : Mrs. J. A. Stafford, R. 3, Elizalieth City 
Pender Chairman : Xone 

Vice-Cliairman : Xone 

Perquimans Chairman : Xone 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 

Person Chairman : Xone 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 

Pitt Chairman: X. E. Manning, Bethel 

Vice-Cliairman : Mrs. Frances M. Butterworth. Bethel 

Polk Chairman : Ernest Gibbs, Columbus 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Bertha Smith, Tryo!i 

Randolph Chairman ; T. Worth Coltrane, Aslieboro 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Alice Ward, Asheboro 

Riclimond .Chairman : R. L. Bennett, Ellerbe 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 
Robeson Chairman : Wade H. Kinhiw, Lunit>citon 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 
Rockingluim Chairman : W. T. Combs, Jr., Leaksville 

Vice-Chairman : Peggy Tucker, Rt. 2, Madison 



232 North Cakoli.na Mamai 

Ro"'"!" Chairnian: Hay 1'. Lycrly, Faith 

Vicc-Cliaiimaii : Mrs. Cladys Deal, China Grove 

^'""'^■'■''"■•' riiairman : Fny K. BiKKer.staft', Bostic 

Vice-Cliairnian : Mrs. .1. E. McDoiigall. Spindalc 

•"^•■""1'^"" Chairman: I). W. Welsh, Clinton 

A'ice-Chairman : None 

•"^'■otlaiid Chairman : None 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 

^*'in\y Chairman- fierald R. Cliandler, AU)eniarle 

Vice-chairman : L. Worth Little, Albemarle 

Sio\if^» Chairman: Wesley T. Dunlap, Walnut Cove 

Vice-chairman: Mrs. Ralph Martin, Ht. 1, Walnut Cove 

'^"'■'■-V Chairman : .1. W. Hunter, Mt. Airy 

Vice-chairman : Mrs. Pete Nelson, Pilot Mountain 

^"•''" Chairman : Willard C. Nichols, Bryson City 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Louise Mitciiell, Bryson City 

Transylvania. ^ Chairman: Ralph L. Waldrop, Rt. 2. Brevard 

Vice-Cl)airman : Mrs. Millard Teatrue, Brevard 

l.vrrell Chairman : Xone 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 

^'"'0° Chairman : JFarvin Little, Rt. 2, Monroe , 

Vice-Chairman : .Tanie Conder. Indian Trail 

^'*"^« Chairman : Col. Henry E. White, Rt. X. Henderson 

Vice-Cliairman : William C. Staint)ack, Henderson 

Wake Chairman : Artluir C. Hayes, Ralelfih 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. Bessie C. Fish, Raleigh 

Warren Chairman : Xone 

Vice-Chairman : Xone 

Washington Chairman : T. D. Sonierville, Plymouth 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. T. C. Culbreth, Plymouth 

Watauga Chairman: S. C. Eggers. Boone 

Vice-chairman : Mrs. Pearl B. Greene, Boone 

^^''•^■"•^ Chairman: .1. Thomas (VBerry, Dudley 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Morrison Smith, Rt. 2, Seven Springs 

^^■'"^es Cliairmaii: E. R. Eller. Willcesboro .. ■ 

'\'i<f-<'liiiirman : Mrs. Xellie Hoots, Reddies River 

Wl'^on Chairman: Tliomas .1. Moore, Wilson 

'^'i'*'-<'li:iii'iiiin : Mrs. Margaret R. Vogt, Wilson 

^"'"^'" Chairman : Walter Zachary, Yadkinville 

Vice-Chairman : Mrs. C. G. Reavis, Yadkinville 

^^"^''■y (liairman : Garrett D. Bailey, Burnsville 

Vice-Chairman : B. R. Penland, Burnsville 



PART lY 
ELECTION RETURNS 



ELECTION RETURNS— 1956 
Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States 



States 



Alabama _, 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida ._. 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts,. 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina. 
North Dakota.. 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania... 
Rhode Island... 
South Carolina. 
South Dakota. - 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia.. 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Total 



Popular Vote 



Stevenson 
Democrat 



279 
112 
213 

,315 
263 
405 
79, 
480 
450 
105 

,775, 
783 
491 
292 
476 
243 
102 
372 
948 

,354 
617 
144 
919 
116 
193 
40 
90 
850 
106 

,750 

590 

96 

,439 
385 
328 

,979 
160 
135 
122 
456 
859 
119 
42 
267 
498 
377 
586 
49 



982 
880 
277 
630 
997 
079 
421 
371 
094 
868 
682 
908 
857 
450 
453 
977 
468 
603 
190 
100 
525 
498 
187 
293 
590 
640 
364 
337 
098 
769 
530 
742 
655 
581 
654 
231 
758 
824 
239 
507 
958 
437 
549 
760 
461 
586 
768 
580 



25,875,408 



Eisenhower 
Republican 



194,883 
176,990 
186,287 

2,872,654 
394,479 
711,837 
98,057 
643,849 
216,652 
166,979 

2,623,327 

1,182,811 
718,775 
622,087 
572,192 
329,047 
249,238 
559,737 

1,393,197 

1,701,945 
719,302 
60,683 
914,486 
154,933 
364,713 
56,076 
176,519 

1,606.942 
146,788 

4,340,340 
575,062 
156,766 

2,262,610 
473,769 
405,038 

2,577,621 

223,401 

75,632 

171,953 

462,288 

1,080,619 
216,109 
110,390 
386,459 
579,766 
444,297 
954,844 
74,586 



35,387,015 



Electoral Vote 



Stevenson 
Democrat 



11 



12 



8 
13 



14 



74 



Eisenhower 
Republican 



32 
6 

8 
3 
10 



4 

27 
13 
10 

8 

10 
10 

.') 

9 
16 
20 

n 



4 
6 
3 

4 
16 

4 
45 



4 
25 



32 

4 



4 

II 

24 

4 

3 

12 

9 

8 

12 

3 



457 



235 



236 



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oo^«r^^-T-cccri-r'r4(MOor^OcoGCiou5CMi--oot>-r-coc^^o— it^cc 
ccr^c^cot^^^cri trjior-oC'iCO'-ib^cocoooco *-<a505co^^Hcoaiic 

CCC^l''-H -t'cm' — ' oT'Tf (M CC ■^ 4C^C^ 1-I.-4 r-i coc^ 


sjo-ioaia 
^pAasooy 


0i0lC^'MO-r30t-iOt--QCrNO-T'<-HOlCC0i0Ot--3l';0OC0OC^-rT'S0 

cjcoutiiO^C". c^ooc^^t^-ft^cocooicococ^oo-r-^-TO^»dco — Qocn 
■Tr'^-Oi*o^*1— >w3c<i0it--'00c<ir'-cooicocoo)0'— 'lOcocooioiOioc^Ooo 


^cq-^'*-^— iiococ<iiM'^i>--^co co(M'-<'*cc^^c:iW5Trco^— i^c^i 


CO 
CO 


sjo^oata 
uopuBq 


!>. — QO— 'r--^-rio — tooto»c-Ht>.cir^t^c^-rcoicco-rco'^oo<r*50(r) 
ao"*rrcc»0 3'-3:'-'iC^o-i'iooC'-r^GiDc^cc— '(M »o^cs-^o— f»ocow3 
cc(M— -^oi ^c:icc^irc — ■ ^urcscc — 'C^-^ — i r-.c^ 


sjo'^oaig 
-^pAasooy 


iOiMi03i'MCnc^aoooy='-ri--oocO'roi:^cccoooco05coiOiOC5-t<co 
c^^co•^c^lOc^cor^^cD-H■^lOClOOaool^Ht^t^lO■^03lO't^Of^JOo-T'I>. 
Oc^cocouoQC— ■xicot-o-rc^ooot^'^-oco'^tocccocoiowstococjo'r 


-— itcC'i-r»o ocococ<icor-(MsOi— ■co'M^-'t'cC'— "'— '— 'COiOco — .— oc^ 




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<<<<<;<:» 33 a: a cQoaoooQOQOOOOUOOOoQQQ 



Election Returns 



239 






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CD oo'oo^-^'ic t^'^-H rH -rtTcKTos oo't^ oo'co c^i-" oo-^Oi— I'-rcDu^rocows'^co'-'CO'OOO'^-t'iC'— coiM— "-^ 

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cv]oO'-Ht^r-^»oiocou^coioc^'--0'--cDr'-co^-cC't-^uDco':Dcocor^u^--ir^t--'— 't^OiO"— 'tocDcoc^i^or^QO 
coosc^cDi-Hr^ c^) •O'^coC'ico >— • ■oi'— iic f^^-^-H.— ! co— rr^oc^eo— ii— rO"— 'C>i-t" ^^ 

T-(CO CO—''—' ■— ' t"^ c^ 

t^coOQCQor-CQr--Oi— «'— ■oi'— 't>-'— <c^c^o--'»i--coOQCcX)cor^c-i^-c^ooco»ccQcor^^-w3t>-'r--c^»o 

CO TP cs to c^ o 1— I CO'-' c^ >— ' c^ c^ ^H <-i oi -r »-.,—. co t -co 



■-r.-Hocr-Troo;u5'n*»ci^u^»0''T'^HOc^)-n'^-o— 'CO— 'ic«ooc--coc;gcoc*oo5*^c<I'^. <oco»o*—^ico 

C^COt^M'COCOGO—'COCO':COQCOOr^3:-r'—'-t-C^'—''--t--. --co CC-rtOO-HOI-^—'OCcO !•--»—— 'QCOOCOOC 

Oic-^— "C^— —■CO — icc.coc: — — c-J-ricc^i— iccu^cDcoco-Hr-ica:ait^co----co'Xcot>-ro— '■* 
,— T-^" oco'"'—''' -^ «— 'C^-f -rcviro coc^co c<i— «cm>— ic^i co •— ■ 



cooo— 'Ccocir^cot^M'C^icxfcO'— »cciO--iOc;coo-r"^Oiccc':oiccooow5--o-t"— 'oocooco-roit* 
coco-hoco:dcoc^i— 'CCcvit^ot----'"-c:coocoooccoco-r»---aciocoo*0'-'COTf'ococ". -HC^r-.r-co'^QO 
(Xi«t"^'~^»^oiOkOtococ^— '<:ococo— "cocct--0'— oic^j-r»ci-*>ocC!X'COCC— ico»cco»ccoiocoC3coooo 



iC 1— 1 CO <M -^ GO 1— 1 CO C) t^ ^ '-0 r~ CO C-I -H 



lO-rcn — coiccotMC-i-rco-r (Mcot^iccococo — <— i — 



Cicoco»ococ^o— 'Oco»ooco'^"^co— ■cc-^ccocccooO"-T'C^cococoaiC^roi>-OiO'— icot> 

QiO"5C^I'— <CO*t^Oi'— '1— 'C^lCOC^COOlC^'—'OOt^'— 'GCCOiOCOCTiCOCOr-C^lt-^COCO-HCO't'COO 
5-HCOCO— 'C^-^— 'OlCD-H— iCOOOCD-rr-C^lOCiCCOWDCO-— 'C^'^-^CiCDOOOOt---r-t'l^CO-r(>JCD 

3 -H oq COC^'^ "-fC^-r COC-I"^ 'T^CXCO'— I'M (M -H 



t^Ooc-r'aicococo»oco(MO'— 'Osco»ooco 

COOS"^'— 'OOCQiOiCfM— 'CO*^Oi— '— '(MCOC^ 

■TCO^OC^O — ■~-''v-, — .,--,.* — , ,^r~. ,r^ — , — , ,.^ 



"rrcOC^lOt--'^*«05W300"50SOilOOiCOC^"'S'Q001C^'— iCCC0C0»O— 'COOOO-^iO— 'r--CDO— '-^^ooc^or;; 

cocox)OicoTt"Ooc— 'C^o:oot^»cr^c:ooc^iOOc»c^n-u^coti^CiOO*Cic<icD--r^t^t^'--'t--Oi*'-r'coepo 
■rri^i>-coOit^-HCOc^u^"^cniici>-coaii^cico--c-)C^"*c^)— ■ClCC^^"'T'Oc;o:o^^«0"^'^^^G^l^ 



icc^i':ocococoi— '•-'COC^cococot^iC'— f— t oo'n^oO'— <coict"C*ic<j-r'-riO'— iC^cot^Cico'^1! 



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Oi— fCDiot^M*oo<3scc"^0— '0^^c^c<l^-oooc<Jco^--ocic^t'-cococooai^--cow5l01--oo^»C'XlC*l 

CDO'-'IMtMaiOOO'— "Ot^CDOO^Oi— i05i— "OM— 'OiCOCQ-^Oli— <--O'-"-'O50000— (COOr-OCOOOC^CO 
(M-rrcO"— 'C^JC^'— (OC^-— 'l>*COMCOt^ -hCOOO'^''— tC^U^-^OCOCO'— 'C^OC^t**OCOCO'— tC<l — r'-'^coo^-r 

i-Tm t^ -^ '-< C5 MC^CO COC<f^ COC^"'*' c^t-co-— <c^ — ' -^ 




co-r-^'TioiiC-^coait^ooooict-^t^coi--ooocococon'io--cor-c^c;i;;.-rcoMpi»c«oi^ 
Soooco0^ooot^t^Ol^-co-Hl:^-I*c^^lCtoOGO»oco(^^^c-^— 'cot^uDccc»»coc»r-.acocDM 
SooSt--c^iOrji-rt'c^o*ccsiO'-'t--coa;i-'CO»oc^i»cr-oc»cco^-^co-- o -^ ■^.^.'^.^_'^"".°^.^.^„^.^ ^„ 
»/3 <^l'co'oo"lO ^J'-H i-T ■^' CO o 00*00 cc»cc^ _i--.— iM' — -^co»oiococo"*»ocO'— 'co'^QOt^co'MfO'-'coc^ c^ 



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SJO;09ia 

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— ^HiCO'— COCDiOCOC^CMT^O;'— ■tOCCt^COO'^O-^CO-^CDCO 

t--ft-.-t"-HC^)cr:to»o— 'OOO-r-r-H^HOi0;^r>r-OGC'^Q0Q00i 

C^J I-- cr. CO cc -T" C^l t- Ct; '^^ C^J »0 C^J CT. ^O Oi -r CO cc Oi Oi =Ci "M •— ' '^^ t^ ^ 

— CMOOt-^OiCM^-r-cocMt-'.-foo.— ICC r>-mccc^<— icot^t^occ^ico 



cMt^c<ic<»'30d-t-ci035CO"5c*»co — -roci^-roco^^otO'^O'-c 
CO c-i t^ oc 3: 00 1— CO 'O -f CO -— ' xi CO c- CO -t- oa — uo co ci 01 



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CMCOCMCD^CDCMCMCMOSIM^^COCS-h^OCJOCIOCMCO-^OO'^'O^hCM 

ocor-cocococM-rco»ooaifQCcDcoco-r*Odcoio*oco^coQo 

CO CO CO '30 O 3; t-^ CO 3; CO d C-l ^ CO 00 CO r^ *0 OC' — . CO Crj CD fM ^ ^O C^l 



— ' CC' -— ( CM »« -T ■ 



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sjoiaaia 
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^H Gc >— ' CO lO -r CO 



to CO »C — ' OJ 1— > 



coor*-rao»o— -cr^oCMOiOCiOai— ■aiooocM'^oot^oO'— ' 
io-fr>.cih-»ocMr-cMr-ai<-'t--^^^-^HC<i^H*oocoo^^c^QOoot^o 

»OCOCMCOCMt^l>-COCMCO'f^^CO^-OCOr^^^O'Tj'r>.C'»C<l»Ot"'^CO 



occMr^»ot--ooc;r--rcMiC'rt^cMco 



W3 "^ QC' C) — ■ CO CO tC CO C-l CO 



OIOOCOOI — QOCl-fClOCiCMOOiOOiiO-TO^Ct^C-lOSOiCDTrr^cD 
COCMiOr-COOliCOCOWSCO^^t^CM — '-«C0a0COM<COC0'n''^^t^'~' 

co»oor~c:;coocMt>-<M*or-^--rO-rcocococ^icot^co^»oo»o 

— I- CM-T'TfiO ■^CM-r — CM C^ CO'— 'GO -tfC) 






^pAasoo-y 



r^-r*cO'— iccocrii>.^-^---r— CMC^ioajcMco:0"rf»oc*-io>CMOOi 

C0»OU^C0»O— 'C^CDOOOCMt^t^CM— '■-t't-^»O00t--C'J'— "C-lOS-^CDOO 
O'^t"»CCMC0O00'— lOSCOCMOO'^CO^^'— ■CMOCOr-COCMOOSCO"-^ 

OCMOOCDCS-— 'COOOIOCMCO-^OOCMCO-— •r^'^OOiM'— 'COb^r'-t-^COCO 



uopireq 



U^--t"t>.I>.CMCMCDO0C'-^C005CD-r^-f'— •^CcOO'COli— «0Q. OlO^^ 
C^OiCMOCOCMOCO-^ — CM»CCDOOOOO'— 'lO'^COO^'Ol-rOOs 

cor-C5cDt^iOcoooascoiCc^it— OOcococo-t"'— ■*c-^i~- co'*o c^i co 



sjo-^oaia 

'J|9A3S00y 



a:^-oaiocooo^Ht--co»c-rcoai»oaiOcoot--.»oor-coc-)Oieo 
cocMOiooocDO— icooooooco^H-r-raoco»0"^t^ooQcoc^JOO 

lOiOOr-CMCOOOOiOli— •»OCOOOCDOOO"r*OGCOOOOOOiCOC^lcD 

ciCMoccDO'— 'CMO'. tccoco-t"occ<ic-i— <r»Tfa5co^Hcot^cor^coco 



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Elkction Rktuua s 



241 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES— PRIMARY 1956 



County 


Hodges 


Sawyer 


Stokely 


Earle 


Alamance.- 


6,542 


1,2.56 


219 


154 


Alexander - - _.-_ 


711 

761 


28 
25 


39 

26 


7 




18 


Anson. . . - 


3,220 

1,861 

384 


212 
53 
19 


400 
91 
27 


113 




19 


Avery - - - 


13 




4,065 
1,400 
3,721 
3,308 
11,418 
4,053 
5,546 
2,516 
SOS 
3,315 
1,983 


136 
91 
431 
148 
348 
423 
333 
405 
65 
149 
148 


154 
68 
160 
106 
722 
568 
485 
278 
155 
59 
109 


76 


Bertie - 


36 


Bladen . . . 


156 


Brunswick - . . 


253 




831 


Burke 


103 


Cabarrus 


99 


Caldwell . - . . 


50 


Camden. . 


11 


Carteret - . 


40 


Caswell.- . . . ... .. 


80 


Catawba.. . . . . 


1,717 


105 


140 


26 


Chatham.. ... 


3,167 
841 
796 
264 


134 
104 

28 
23 


78 
20 
35 

8 


57 


Cherokee . . 


30 


Chowan . . 


16 


Clay 


4 


Cleveland- . . . . 


7,378 
6,869 


584 
476 


655 
212 


199 


Columbus . 


254 


Craven ... ._. . ... 


4,746 


528 


378 


112 


Cumberland--- . ... _ 


7,477 


979 


308 


261 


Currituck . ... . 


1,377 


196 


100 


70 


Dare 


1,293 


23 


45 


15 


Davidson . ... 


4,6'i5 


292 


109 


102 


Davie 


1,142 
4,154 


65 
148 


97 
108 


41 


Duplin 


78 


Durham. .... 


11,766 


993 


238 


452 


Edgecombe 


3,180 


141 


95 


67 


Forsyth ... . ... ... ... 


14,276 


1,270 


943 


897 


Franklin... ... . -. ... . 


4,455 


261 


228 


94 


Gaston ... .. 


10,782 


941 


1,254 


262 


Gates 


386 

789 


16 
265 


13 
31 


4 


Graham... ..._..... 


23 


Granville.. . . . 


3,895 


308 


194 


101 


Greene,- ... 


2,665 


39 


68 


30 


Guilford 


12,259 


1,203 


307 


390 


Halifax 


6,974 
5,042 
3,910 


246 

287 
238 


366 

174 
292 


165 


Harnett ........... 


139 


Haywood . 


109 


Henderson. . 


1,371 


103 


152 


21 


Hertford 


1,551 


61 


101 


60 


Hoke 


1,460 
1,258 


82 
42 


70 
44 


37 


Hyde 


11 


Iredell 


5,805 


363 


409 


186 


Jackson 


2,375 


101 


87 


43 


Johnston ... 


8,040 


305 


265 


132 


Jones 


1,445 
3,591 
3,723 


120 
175 
173 


140 
170 

147 


43 


Lee 


65 


Lenoir. .. .. 


90 


Lincoln. . _ 


1,943 
1,284 


127 

83 


206 
65 


29 


Macon 


32 


Madison . 


2,767 


60 


84 


21 


Martin 


1,754 


53 


69 


40 



242 



NoiMH Cakolixa Manual 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES— PRIMARY 1956 

(Continued) 



County 

McDowell 

M er k Icnburg 

Mitchell,. 

Montgomery 

Moore 

Nash.., 

New Hanover _ _ 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange . 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Per(;uimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Tyrreil 

Union 

Vance.- 

Wake 

Warren ,._ 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 



Hodges 



3 

18 

1 

3 
7 
13 
3 
3 
4 
1 
1 
2 

3 
5 
1 

2 
5 

8 
7 
7 
6 
2 
2 
2 
2 
6 
1 
2 

3 
4 

18 

2 

i 

4 
3 
4 



,105 
332 
252 
927 
506 
,480 
,237 
,644 
,481 
,336 
,139 
,672 
,221 
515 
,312 
,623 
,803 
,876 
,739 
,336 
,566 
,213 
,946 
,232 
,499 
,187 
.735 
,232 
,384 
,093 
413 
,664 
,890 
,576 
,752 
,089 
522 
,161 
,288 
,707 
945 
,208 



Sawyer 



401,082 



29,248 



Stokely 



162 


309 


1,134 


3,016 


8 


32 


52 


175 


244 


109 


255 


142 


696 


531 


133 


180 


233 


160 


515 


125 


198 


66 


126 


217 


48 


44 


27 


57 


1,098 


261 


249 


279 


105 


132 


112 


49 


1,019 


735 


1,034 


344 


617 


425 


817 


868 


382 


507 


101 


90 


238 


137 


188 


182 


no 


88 


590 


263 


105 


70 


252 


127 


38 


23 


289 


408 


379 


420 


718 


816 


105 


108 


94 


55 


15 


31 


140 


147 


126 


138 


252 


187 


68 


67 


165 


125 



24,416 



Earle 



102 

500 

6 

27 

98 

97 

682 

112 

97 

93 

35 

51 

28 

18 

155 

114 

47 

40 

211 

349 

226 

279 

134 

63 

98 

27 

25 

117 

36 

69 

11 

95 

109 

292 

53 



107 

44 

215 

27 
61 



11,908 



Election Returns 



243 



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246 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES OF 

1948, 1952 AND 1954 

1948 

First Primary 
FOR GOVERNOR- 

Charles M. Johnson 170,141 

W. Kerr Scott 161,293 

R. Mayne Albright 76,281 

Oscar Barker 10,871 

W. F. Stanley, Sr 2,428 

011a Ray Boyd 2,111 

Second Primary 

W. Kerr Scott 217,620 

Charles M. Johnson 182,684 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

H.R Taylor. ..240,251 

Dan Tompkins 100,079 

FOR SECRETARY OF STATE- 

Thad Eure 257,260 

John T. Armstrong 103,118 

FOR STATE AUDITOR— 

Henry L. Bridges ...192,458 

Charles W. Miller 128,797 

FOR STATE TREASURER- 

Brandon P. Hodges 180,340 

James B. Vogler 122,656 

Z. W. Frazzelle 36,200 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR— 

Forrest Shuford ...212,139 

Donald B. Sherrill 114,532 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE— 

Watt H. Gragg (R) 9,798 

G. L. Willard (R) 5,288 

1952 
FOR GOVERNOR— 

William B. Umstead 294,170 

Hubert E. Olive 265,675 

Manley R. Dunaway 4,660 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

Luther H. Hodges 226,167 

Roy Rowe ...151,067 

Marshall C. Kurfees 55,055 

Ben J. McDonald 52,916 

Warren II. Pritchard (R) 13,463 

William G. Lehew (R) 2,798 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE- 

WaldoC. Cheek 313,979 

John N. Frederick 126,901 



Election Returns 247 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES OF 

1948, 1952 AND 1954— (Continued) 

FOR ASSOCIATE JUSTICE OF SUPREME COURT- 

First Primary 

(SHORT TERM) 

R.Hunt Parker 165,817 

William H. Bobbitt .142,907 

ItimousT. Valentine -110,930 

Oscar 0. Efird --- 53,561 

(REGULAR TERM) 

R.Hunt Parker 135,079 

William H. Bobbitt 109,476 

Itimous T. Valentine 86,462 

Allen H. Gwvn 66,301 

F. Donald Phillips - 43,356 

Oscar 0. Efird 37,794 

Second Primary 

(SHORT TERM) 

R.Hunt Parker ^^'^At 

WiUiam H. Bobbitt 99.457 

(REGULAR TERM) 

R. Hunt Parker 99,282 

William H. Bobbitt 96,994 

1054 
FOR STATE TREASURER- 

EdwinGill ^AAjo 

Joshua S. James 149,473 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Charles F. Gold ?/^!'?H 

.TohnF. Fletcher 197,432 



248 



NOUTU C'AltOLl.NA MaM .\I. 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 
1956, BY COUNTIES 



Counties 




Lieutenant Governor 




Luther E. 
Barnhardt 


J. V. 
Whitfield 


Alonzo C. 
Edwards 


Kidd 
Brewer 


Gurney P. 
Hood 




3,056 

481 

404 

1,712 

490 

214 

805 

427 

949 

1,150 

7,814 

2,542 

5,952 

1,928 

107 

3ei7 

785 

1.049 

809 

357 

323 

235 

3,635 

1,720 

1,164 

3,087 

436 

304 

2,274 

645 

630 

3,740 

910 

3,847 

989 

6,071 

145 

430 

1.651 

121 

5.651 

3.120 

1,271 

2,023 

405 

720 

774 

292 

2,927 

1,881 

1 , 996 

218 

1,737 

609 

1,293 


600 
20 

21 
420 

76 

22 
249 

97 
649 
.332 
480 
281 

71 
157 
613 
113 
310 

95 
209 

76 

50 

12 
774 
737 
291 
892 
530 
112 
208 

44 
1,952 
482 
127 
739 
.520 
823 

16 
172 
777 

42 
762 
470 
506 
404 
1,33 
134 
118 

78 
390 
149 
797 
157 
234 
233 
112 


1,082 

61 

271 

752 

967 

35 

2.061 

635 

1.419 

1,312 

1,988 

873 

203 

243 

80 

2,218 

554 

296 

1,193 

110 

191 

17 

1,286 

2,862 

2,844 

1,406 

264 

614 

964 

232 

1,000 

7,329 

1,570 

5,799 

1,.323 

1,850 

140 

123 

952 

2.577 

2,173 

2,083 

1,776 

643 

744 

424 

299 

514 

1,410 

172 

2,397 

933 

851 

2,737 

266 


1 , 139 
139 

48 
493 
210 

82 
255 

74 
515 
196 
1,659 
754 
218 
427 

22 
213 
162 
299 
706 
342 

47 

15 

1,357 

704 

426 

1.126 

46 

32 

809 

265 

209 

2,704 

267 

3,927 

820 

2,. 3.33 

9 

87 
400 

44 
1,938 
539 
710 
597 
143 

57 
143 

50 
822 
114 
903 

73 
415 
208 
326 


1,530 


Alexander 


42 


Alleghany - -- 


22 


Anson _ __ _ 


318 


Ashe 


85 


Avery 


58 


Beaufort 


599 


Bertie 


236 


Bladen 


576 


Brunswick __ _ 


326 


Buncombe- -. . _ 


535 


Burke 


363 


Cabarrus 


80 


Caldwell 


201 


Camden . .. . 


47 


Carteret _ __ 


378 


Caswell . 


218 


Catawba 


211 


Chatham 


328 


Cherokee . __ _ 


80 


Chowan.. ... 


152 


Clay 


99 


Cleveland . .. 


1,102 


Columbus 


872 


Craven _ . . 


501 


Cumberland 

Currituck . 


1,861 
184 


Dare .. 


141 


Davidson . . 


650 


Davie - 


146 


Duplin 


456 


Durham 


1,072 


Edgecombe. 


497 


Fors\'th . 


2,166 


Franklin . _. _. 


980 


Gaston . . 


1,090 


Gates 


86 


Graham 


84 


Granville .... 


472 


Greene 


55 


Guilford . 


2,691 


Halifax 


1,180 


Harnett . 


994 


Havwood . __ 


477 


Henderson . ,. . 


175 


Hertford 


276 


Hoke - 


204 


Hyde 


135 


Iredell 


715 


Jackson 


162 


Johnston _ ._ 


1,556 


Jones .. . - 


138 


Lee 


489 


Lenoir 


277 


Lincoln.. .. .. . 


151 



Election Rktukxs 



249 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 

1956, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 







Lieutenant Governor 




Counties 












Luther E. 


J. V. 


Alonzo C. 


Kidd 


Gurney P. 




Earnhardt 


Whitfield 


Edwards 


Brewer 


Hood 


Macon 


588 

355 

385 

1,618 

11,027 


131 
71 
104 
342 
921 


193 

2,328 

856 

375 

3,211 


94 

110 

113 

547 

4,200 


261 




77 


Martin 


277 




458 


Mecklenburg 


1,750 


Mitchell 


159 
1,077 


21 
62 


54 
579 


36 
167 


13 


Montgomery 


205 


Moore . _- -- 


1,572 
1,977 
3,773 


140 

437 
2,283 


1,451 
2,741 
4,335 


318 

826 

1,121 


478 


Nash . 


1,188 


New Hanover 


2,112 


Northamjiton 


1,023 


220 


1,809 


187 


524 




801 
1,688 


515 

393 


1,268 
846 


326 
1,102 


446 


Orange- _- 


619 


Pamlico . 


406 


114 


454 


104 


183 


Pasquotank 


651 


278 


385 


60 


462 


Pender 


223 


1,590 


154 


79 


205 


Perquimans 


393 


28 


138 


14 


45 


Person... . 


993 

711 

1,020 

1,295 


1,009 
.329 
303 
141 


1,294 
4,424 

248 
446 


530 
239 
169 

468 


423 


Pitt . 


370 


Polk 


144 


Randolph. . 


464 


Richmond 


2,961 
2,197 


1,068 
1,133 


1,267 
3,389 


870 
733 


727 


Robeson-. . . 


1,749 


Rockingham. 


2,217 


818 


1,762 


1,304 


1,111 


Rowan . .. . 


6,260 


256 


930 


700 


516 


Rutherford. 


3,892 


749 


1,248 


1,129 


554 


Sampson 


566 


625 


589 


168 


322 


Scotland. . . . 


1,263 


200 


290 


521 


425 


Stanly... . . . .. 


1,546 


115 


271 


341 


194 


Stokes... . .. 


536 


91 


1,331 


211 


293 


Surry ... . 


2,131 


367 


1,805 


990 


1,025 


Swain . . .. 


908 


123 


138 


114 


200 


Transylvania.. . .. 


925 


264 


376 


438 


360 


Tyrrell 


66 
1,357 
2,610 


27 
300 
361 


246 
1,029 
1,242 


21 
855 
461 


53 


Union . _. 


441 


Vance. . . . .. 


802 


Wake 


6,364 


1,074 


5,444 


4,073 


2,997 




1,102 
239 


194 
99 


868 
558 


183 
81 


429 


Washington 


214 




199 

895 

509 

1,610 

314 

588 


17 
358 

77 
279 

33 
347 


158 

1,733 

2,077 

2,142 

227 

784 


141 
242 
437 

299 
277 
210 


49 


^^'avne . _. 


1,169 


Wilkes 


323 


Wilson 


1,135 




158 


Yancey 


355 






Totals - 


161,662 


37,275 


124,611 


56,227 


54,747 







250 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 

1956, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 



Counties 



Alamaiii't>___ 
Alexander. __ 
Alleghany... 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick __ 
Buncombe. - 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell.-.. 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay.. 

Cleveland 

Columbus... 

Craven 

Cumberland. 

Currituck 

Dare 

Davidson 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. . 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

IredeU 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 



Commissioner of 
Agriculture 



L. Y. 
Ballentine 



3 

12 

2, 



,663 
630 
534 
,533 
,574 
281 
,299 
,269 
,072 
,175 
,660 
,601 
,671 
,010 
468 
,711 
,484 
,516 
,811 
667 
567 
239 
,013 
,300 
,631 
.328 
772 
432 
266 
976 
115 
341 
986 
984 
938 
106 
291 
465 
483 
085 
659 
806 
619 
1,33 
173 
513 
219 
868 
595 
955 
506 
062 
994 
182 
611 



Kermit 

U. Grav 



1,461 
73 
127 
940 
204 
89 
625 
189 
938 
932 

1,441 
983 

1,336 
730 
203 
365 
479 
349 
378 
246 
156 
51 

1,697 

1,325 

1.207 

1,961 
570 
718 

1,511 
295 
677 

1,190 
26ii 

7,246 
708 

3,196 

82 

325 

579 

291 

2,943 

1,259 
677 
846 
306 
151 
243 
207 

1,507 
437 
878 
299 
536 
616 
390 



Commissioner of 
Insurance 



Charles 
F. Gold 



5,036 

556 

409 

1,977 

1,061 

288 

2,977 

1,153 

2,896 

2,274 

6,148 

3,556 

4,353 

2,014 

406 

2,702 

1,227 

1,544 

2,447 

623 

538 

243 

6,799 

5,221 

3,373 

6,065 

789 

696 

3,596 

1,020 

2,864 

9,091 

2,735 

10,761 

3,509 

8,119 

239 

490 

3,106 

1,841 

10.653 

5,933 

4,059 

2,902 

1,192 

1,165 

1,207 

679 

4,841 

1,922 

5,950 

897 

2,559 

2,869 

1,652 



John N. 
Frederick 



1,885 
110 
126 

1,419 

549 

82 

662 

223 

1,026 
774 

3,075 
998 

1,533 
686 
163 
402 
629 
315 
574 
258 
148 
50 

1,048 

1,250 

1,2,59 

2,023 
463 
292 

1,009 
214 
769 

2,675 
444 

4,787 
898 

3,286 

93 

276 

785 

342 

2,385 



Commissioner of 
Labor 



Frank 
Crane 



301 
954 
931 
351 
323 
299 
278 

1,247 
385 

1,020 
331 
737 
765 
349 



2,581 

420 

334 

1,228 

986 

168 

1,473 

740 

1,965 

1 , 153 

7,808 

2,803 

3,5.32 

1,429 

2.50 

2.01S 

75:; 

1,190 

1,570 

496 

318 

170 

2,665 

2,903 

1,711 

3.517 

454 

437 

2,276 

421 

1,481 

8,522 

1,8,36 

5,166 

1,591 

5,571 

139 

319 

2,037 

866 

4,094 

4,216 



,049 

2,089 

684 

919 

673 

402 

3,176 

1,612 

3,106 

455 

1,180 

1,621 

1,109 



James R. 
Farlow 



1,776 

81 

99 

979 

297 

76 

761 

247 

834 

776 

2,190 
841 

1,045 
614 
117 
454 
396 
241 
735 
198 
141 
61 

1,932 

1,662 

1.010 

1 . 696 
413 
285 
926 
302 
901 

3,421 
516 

4,242 
906 

2,239 
101 
138 

1,041 
534 

4,227 

1,396 

1,200 
734 
333 
299 
319 
283 

1,058 
353 

1,325 
359 
888 
739 
416 



H. D. 

Lambeth 



2,534 

169 

134 

1,139 

274 

103 

1,090 

278 

1.051 

856 

1,255 

837 

1,205 

611 

200 

524 

690 

392 

685 

175 

152 

65 

2,504 

1,425 

1,469 

2,465 

353 

234 

1,437 

452 

867 

1,137 

615 

5,184 

1,556 

3,022 

81 

327 

587 

435 

3,876 

1,524 

1,518 

996 

420 

222 

499 

166 

1,425 

428 

1,870 

287 

1,129 

929 

416 



Election Returns 



251 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 

1956, BY COUNTIES— (Continued) 



Counties 



Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell-.- 
Mecklenburg- 

Mitchell 

Montgomery- 
Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow - 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank-. 

Pender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. 

Rowan 

Rutherford _ , . 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals... 



Commissioner of 
Agriculture 



L. Y. 

Ballentine 



827 
,417 
,523 
,223 
,713 
241 
,683 
,034 
,877 
,018 
,108 
,320 
,719 
919 
,261 
,592 
423 
,169 
,743 
,250 
,349 
,781 
,348 
,040 
,590 
294 
,908 
048 
751 
849 
,445 
998 
,737 
305 
887 
202 
583 
344 
968 
471 
739 
359 
,748 
660 
499 



324,795 



Kermit 
U. Gray 



437 

186 

212 

879 

4,442 

36 

266 

619 

537 

3,644 

591 

871 

756 

242 

480 

397 

121 

945 

974 

520 

441 

2,128 

1,690 

1,745 

2,305 

1,775 

309 

529 

494 

476 

1,668 

382 

566 

78 

883 

1,072 

2,042 

415 

235 

52 

520 

543 

593 

249 

560 



86,342 



Commissioner of 
Insurance 



Charles 
F. Gold 



838 

2,564 

1,462 

2,400 

13,019 

201 
1,637 
2.851 
5,601 
9,624 
2,687 
2,244 
3,167 

741 
1,223 
1,396 

414 
2,620 
4,567 
1,461 
2.262 
4,593 
6,770 
5,343 
5,314 
7,579 
1,668 
1,896 
1,587 
1,758 
4,615 

994 
1,610 

278 

2,292 

3,987 

16,244 

2,134 

887 

427 
3,564 
2,500 
4,422 

75S 
1,577 



308,998 



.John N. 
Frederick 



359 

157 

216 

657 

6,196 

52 

312 

684 

1.285 

3,522 

752 

796 

1 , 103 

281 

495 

491 

104 

1,056 

1,039 

352 

433 

2.179 

2,003 

1,375 

2,398 

354 

385 

648 

612 

356 

1,336 

338 

639 

71 

1,290 

1,167 

2,367 

569 

262 

68 

595 

502 

695 

170 

432 



90,409 



Commissioner of 
Labor 



Frank 
Crane 



635 
2,479 

836 
1,545 
8,175 

128 
1,083 
1,520 
3,631 
5,113 



1, 



,654 

,150 

,732 

420 

892 

692 

242 

,463 

2.568 

701 

1,059 

2,760 

3,607 

2,823 

4,004 

3,633 

1,035 

1,026 

1,065 

1,061 

2,709 

822 

939 

118 

2,697 

2.204 

11,216 

1,037 

537 

280 

2.075 

1,823 

2,465 

319 

1,282 



191,937 



James R. 
Farlow 



3.32 

143 

272 

473 

3,383 

68 

267 

632 

859 

2,707 

990 

760 

1,951 

291 

308 

563 

108 

1,042 

1,093 

414 

1,004 

1,387 

1,641 

1,629 

1,937 

1,481 

453 

632 

481 

541 

1,699 

369 

520 

92 

353 

1,302 

3,265 

610 

250 

74 

794 

347 

967 

199 

425 



88,261 



If. D. 
Lambeth 



219 

146 

357 

991 

5,255 

61 

523 

1,301 

1,752 

3,786 

776 

774 

771 

264 

334 

497 

146 

926 

1,301 

551 

614 

2,532 

3,210 

2,019 

1,594 

2,073 

547 

786 

565 

433 

1,450 

166 

767 

85 

709 

1,373 

3,266 

794 

276 

131 

927 

584 

1,266 

405 

382 



101,959 



252 



North Cahoi.i.na Mam al 



TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTIONS 

1954-1958 



Democrats 



Republicans 



1954 
Treasurer 



Edwin Gill 

406,440 




Rex Morton 
201,433 




Commissioner of Insurance 


Charles F. Cold 
404,338 


Commissioner of Labor 


Fred G. Frick 
201,747 


Frank Crane 
406,019 








Chief Justice Supreme Court 


M. V. Barnhill 
402,845 




Buford T. Henderson 
201,846 




Associate Justice Supreme 


Court 


William H. Bobbitt (Term ending 12-31-54) 
405,6.33 




William H. Bobbitt (Term ending 12-31-62) 
409,108 




J. Wallace Winborne (Term ending 12-31-62) 

404,425 
Carlisle W. HiKnins (Term ending 12-31-58) 

404,516 






1956 


, 




President 




Adlai E. Stevenson 
590,530 


Governor 


Dwight D. Eisenhower 
575,062 


Luther H. Hodges 
760,480 




Kvle Haves 

375,379 




Lieutenant Governor 


Luther E. Earnhardt 
738,322 


Secretary of State 


Joe A. Dunn 
368,457 


Thad Eure 

737,266 


Auditor 


Grover C. Robbins 
366,752 


Henry L. Bridges 
730,098 


Treasurer 


William White 
367,611 


Edwin Gill 

730.875 




Calvin Monroe Adams 
367,446 



Electio.n Rkturns 



253 



Superintendent of Public Instruction 



Charles F. Carroll 
729,101 



George B. Pattoii 
730,753 



L. Y. Balleiitine 
731,405 



Frauk Crane 
728,311 



Charles F. Gold 
731,385 



J. Wallace Winboriie 
733,617 



Attorney General 



T. E. Story 

367,325 



C. E. Hyde 

369,285 



Commissioner of Agriculture 

Fred R. Keith 
366,635 



Commissioner of Labor 



J. M. Standi 
366,735 



Commissioner of Insurance 



David W. Lee 

366,895 



Chief Justice Supreme Court 



Associate Justice Supreme Court 
William B. Rodman, Jr. 
733,169 



1958 
Attorney General 



Malcolm B. Seawell 

436,251 
I. Beverly Lake 

660 (write-in vote) 



Chief Justice Supreme Court 



J. Wallace Winborne 
436,260 



Associate Justice Supreme Court 



Emery B. Denny 
433,985 

Carlisle W. Higgins 
433,815 



254 North Carolixa Manual 

VOTE FOR GOVERNOR IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES 

1932-1956 

1932 
First Primary 

J. 0. B. EhriiiKhaiis l??'fo- 

RkhardT. Fountain Jio n,i 

Allen J. Maxwell 102,032 

Second Primary 

J. C. B. Ehrinshaus I?o'n-? 

Richard T. Fountain 168,9/1 

1936 
First Primary 

Clyde R.Hoey }93.972 

Ralph McDonald lo^-oo 

A.H.Graham l^o,/82 

John A. McRae 6,606 

Second Primary 

Clyde R.Hoey ???■??! 

Ralph McDonald 214,414 

1940 

J. Melville Broughton Jni'n?^ 

W. P. Horton... 05,9 6 

A.J.Maxwell 10^'0«5 

Lee Gravely 63,030 

Thos. E. Cooper fc'Ur 

Paul D. Grady 15, /^o5 

Arthur Simmons ^,uo» 

1944 

R. Gregg Cherry If/fJ, 

Ralph McDonald ^H'^al 

Ulla Ray Boyd 2,069 

1948 
First Primary 

Charles M. Johnson ll^'lf}, 

W. Kerr Scott -i'^o, 

R. Mavne Albright '0-2^ 

Oscar Barker l"'»'l 

W. F. Stanley, Sr ^-ff° 

011a Ray Boyd ^-l" 

Second Primary 

W.Kerr Scott 217,620 

Charles M.Johnson 182,684 

1952 

William B. Umstead o^i'll? 

Hubert E. Olive .'hn 

Manley R. Dunaway *'^^^ 

1956 

Luther H. Hodges ^Sn'Sfo 

TomSawver i, ,,t 

Harry P. Stokely "^'IH 

C. E. Earle, Jr "-yOS 



Election Returns 



255 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS 
GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 4, 1958 

ATTORNEY GENERAL AM) 
CHIEF JUSTICE OF SUPREME COURT 





Attorney General 


Chief Justice 


County 


Seawell 
Democrat 


Lake (Write-ins) 
Democrat 


Winborne 
Democrat 


Alamance 


9,783 

3,590 

1.924 

1,915 

4,341 

1,020 

1 . 662 

2,001 

1,668 

3,721 

20,663 

10,365 

10,121 

8,887 

366 

4,038 

1,627 

12,431 

3,124 

3,910 

487 

1.423 

2,. 5.59 

2,627 

2,938 

7,294 

648 

573 

12,. 536 

2,248 

2,658 

8,761 

3,844 

17,369 

1,245 

10,311 

364 

1 , 726 

1,469 

1,810 

13,718 

2,142 

4,. 585 

7,5.54 

5,396 

857 

658 

371 

6,282 

3,708 

4,384 


99 


4 
1 

8 

9 







289 

15 




1 
2 






9 

1 

0, 

2 
91 







7 






2 

1 


9,820 




3,596 


Alleehanv 


1,923 




1,91S 


Ashe 


4.337 




1,028 


Beaufort 


1,677 


Bertie 


2,000 


Bladen 


1,671 


Brunswick 


3,717 




20,771 


Burke - --- -- 


10,357 




10,118 


Caldwell 


8,889 




364 


Carteret 


4,044 


Caswell -- - 


1,873 




12,400 




3,141 


Cherokee 


3,906 




497 


Clav 


1,422 


Cleveland 


2,. 560 




2,622 




2,9.30 




7,191 


Currituck 


654 




572 




12,.53S 




2,256 


Duplin -- 


2,661 




8,578 




3,861 




17,448 


Frankhn - 


1.242 




10,303 


Gates -- _-_ 


369 




1 721 


Granville 


1.464 




1,S09 


Guilford --- -- 


13,674 


Halifax 

Harnett - 


2,166 
4,568 




7,. 544 


Henderson 


5,370 


Hertford -. - 


861 


Hoke 


660 


Hyde -- 


359 


Iredell 


6,302 




3,69S 




4,369 




733 1 


735 



256 



NOKTii Caiioiina Mam ai. 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS 
GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 4, 1958 (Continued) 



(\)iinty 



Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. _. 

Pender 

Perquimans.-. 

Person 

Pitt ___. 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford . _ . 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania - 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington... 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Total . . 



Attorney General 



Scawell 
Democrat 



2, 

ei 

3, 
4, 

1, 
■i, 

28, 



091 

138 
,813 
,116 

,737 
,799 
,.572 
,363 
890 
,440 
,431 
.505 
,108 
.578 
496 
,698 
082 
038 
047 
409 
828 
8.56 
978 
668 
9.59 
526 
,9.58 
225 
018 
016 
968 
880 

i.so 

197 
370 
455 
308 
570 
910 
856 
649 
819 
.561 
2,S0 
524 
646 
366 
294 



436,251 



Lake (Write-ins) 
Democrat 










3 

5 

3 

36 
4 
1 







27 

1 


10 




2 






1 



6 
1 
2 
2 

6 

4 





Chief Justice 



660 



Winborne 
Democrat 



2,061 
2,167 
6,799 
3,112 
4,735 
1,764 
5,683 
28,117 

898 
3,432 
4.384 
2,519 
5,149 
1,614 
1,491 
2,662 

681 
1,041 
1,061 

409 

840 
2,879 
2,971 
8,665 
2,002 
2,498 
9,073 
9,231 
8,015 
6,014 

978 
8,879 
4,183 
6,189 
2,369 
3,454 

307 
2,566 
2,901 
7,807 
1,620 

812 
3,557 
2,290 
7,522 
1,653 
3,352 
3,300 



436,260 



Election Returns 



257 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICIALS IN THE GENERAL 
ELECTION, NOVEMBER 4, 1958 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF SUPREME COURT 



County 


Emery B. 

Denny 
Democrat 


Carlisle W. 

Higgins 

Democrat 




9.776 

3,593 

1,922 

1,912 

4,333 

1,013 

1,680 

2,000 

1,6.56 

3,716 

20,408 

10,352 

10,091 

8,872 

364 

4,031 

1,868 

12,389 

3,129 

3,905 

494 

1,422 

2,5.55 

2,619 

2,927 

7,121 

6.53 

570 

12,, 530 

2,253 

2,658 

8,461 

3,845 

17,395 

1,240 

10,362 

364 

1,718 

1,456 

1,809 

13,600 

2,163 

4 , 565 

7,464 

5,364 

856 

656 

369 

6,276 

3,692 

4,356 

732 


9,771 


Alexander 


3,587 




1,974 




1,908 


Ashe - 


4,343 


Averv 


1,013 




1,677 


Bertie 


1,995 


Bladen 


1,659 


Brunswick - - 


3,705 




20,365 


Burke 


10,340 




10,071 


Caldwell 


8,865 




365 


Carteret - 


4,027 




1,868 


Catawba 


12,382 




3,119 


Cherokee 


3,906 




494 


Clay 


1,423 




2,. 560 


Cohirnbus 


2,615 




2,921 


Cumberland - - - 


7,131 




651 


Dare - - 


566 




12,466 


Davie 


2,252 




2,6.55 


Durham - 


8,408 


Kdtit'combe 


3,839 




17,508 




1,235 


Gaston 


10,270 


Gates - - 


364 




1 , 720 




1,4.53 
l.SOS 


Guilford 


13.6.50 


Halifax 


2.163 


Harnett 


4.. 547 




7.. 501 


Henderson - - 


5,357 


Hertford - - 


856 


Hoke 


656 


Hvde 


369 


Iredell --- 


6,279 


Jackson 


3,697 




4,320 


Jones - --- - -- 


726 



258 



North Cauoi.i.na Maxt'at, 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICIALS IN THE GENERAL 
ELECTION, NOVEMBER 4, 1958 (Continued) 



County 



Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank.. 

Pender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk.- 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford. __ 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals. 



Emery B. 

Denny 
Democrat 



,033 

147 
803 
112 
736 
756 
556 
868 
887 
,426 
371 
501 
114 
597 
,487 
661 
676 
034 
058 
410 
821 
865 
961 
659 
990 
495 
,617 
194 
002 
012 
974 
864 
179 
214 
,367 
454 
308 
,558 
890 
699 
616 
SIO 
557 
273 
520 
648 
,355 
295 



433,985 



Carlisle W. 

Higgins 

Democrat 



2,024 
2,145 
6,790 



,104 

4,714 

1 , 755 

5,. 560 

27,661 

887 
3,424 
4.364 
2.498 
5,096 
1,595 
1,488 
2,629 

678 
1,032 
1,0.53 

408 

830 
2,856 
2,960 
8,662 
1,998 
2,490 
9,038 
9,184 
8,051 
6,004 

972 
S,S62 
4,171 
6,208 
2,368 
3,4.53 

305 
2,. 563 
2,882 
7,615 
1,635 

810 
3,562 
2,262 
7,516 
1,641 
3,3.55 
3,296 



433,815 



ELECTIO^^ Returns 



259 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 31, 1958, BY DISTRICTS 



FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 



Caswell 

Forsyth 

Granville 

Person 

Rockingham- __ 

Stokes 

Surry 

Totals 



Ralph J. 
Scott 



2,399 
9,095 
3,200 
3,350 
6,686 
3.309 
6,566 



34,605 



Marshall C. 


Winfieid 


Kurfees 


Blackwell 


272 


997 


3,665 


8,285 


527 


1,345 


968 


884 


464 


3,104 


47 


115 


397 


930 



6,340 



15,660 



SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Alton 
Lennon 


Caswell P. 
Britt 


Bladen - - 


4,775 
4,201 
9,174 
9,177 
5,155 
12,738 
7,755 


795 


Brunswick - 


631 


Columbus - - 


700 


Cnmberla.nd 


2,854 


Harnett - - 


1.413 


Vew Hanover - - 


1,557 


Robeson - - 


5,266 






Totals -- -- 


52,975 


13.2i6 







2M 



NoiriH C.\i!(n.i\.\ M.wiAi. 



TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Marvin Lee 
Ritch 


David 

Clark 




40 


288 


Burke 


1,775 5.991 


Catawba - 


1,177 

412 

7,425 

34 


4,916 




4,713 




14,253 


Mitchell 


138 






Total 


10.863 


.30,299 







TWELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Heinz 
RoUman 


Saiiford W. 
Brown 


George A. 
Shuford 


Arch 

Nicholson 

Wallace 


Beverly M. 
Middleton 


Buncombe 

Cherokee _.. 


6,651 

576 

302 

462 

4,210 

1,366 

2,052 

1,176 

943 

1,056 


1,549 

72 

32 

62 

355 

119 

137 

167 

105 

73 


12,360 

1,038 

514 

485 
3,531 
2,015 
1,893 
1,503 
1,300 
1,898 


149 
4 
5 
3 

46 
14 
25 
72 
18 
24 


389 
11 


Clay . 


i 


Graham 


10 


Havwood 


264 


Henderson 

Jackson 


1,071 

85 


Macon... _ . . . 


45 




45 




63 






Totals 


18,794 


2,671 


26,537 


360 


1,990 







Election Rkukxs 



261 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN REPUBLICAN PRIMARY, 

MAY 31, 1958 

Twelfth Coxgressioxal Distkict 



County 

Buncombe--. - 

Cherokee 

Clay 

Graham 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Jackson 

Macon 

Swain 

Transylvania- - 

Totals 




262 



NouTii Cakolixa Manual 



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^■■'F"J CI PI"-"!|I 


CM 


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-' 


o 




IC 


CM 
Csl 






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"oo" 


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t^ 


"co" 


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iiBaiiqnday 


CO 

cs 


CO 


CO 


en 


u:i 


o 

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^ 


= 




aaq bjj •/• 


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-f 




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IBjaomaQ 


W5 




o 

CO 


CO 


o 


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J66 



NoKTii Cakolina Manual 



T3 

§ 

fi 
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T 

CO 

us 






Tfl 

o 

o 
u 

o 

CS 

K 

O 

H 
O 

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t— r- c^ -^ ^H cq ic 

C5 Tf O WD Oi ^H "^ 

»-< 00 >— « Oi O 00 

t- •-< CO cq 






UBoiiqnday 

M9^ 90f 



oo CO ci ^H -r oi 

O '-^ t^ IC — « 1— . 

O CO -^ 00 0< -rf 



-H laD ^ 



Oi -r cc 



-f Ci C^ CM CM a: CO 

CO iC -^ CO '— • r^ o 

<:0 CM "rj< !>. CM OS CO 

»-i lo CO r- 



noog -f qd[BH 



-r CO — 

_. _ _ _ . I- CM CO 

OO CO CO O IQ CO -t" 



CM C^ "^ ■-*' — -r QC 



uBOijqnday 



CO -H O CO -X) QO O 
00 CO CI CM — ■ CT> CM 
i— ' O •— ' CO O CO 



I 3 



niBq^cqj puorainqx 



OCOCO^^CJ5-f i^ 

»ocMiococDcoc; loo 

-ru5cococo-rcM i^ 

.— lO'-H— ir>.cocD |»— 



UBoqqnda^ 
ippag ■^s9J0j 



1 ^^ I 

1 CD 1 
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1 r^ 1 

t OS 1 
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; 



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o 

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H 



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mBmBqj puonijnqx 



aAISS3J§0J({ 

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CO 


CD 

05 


O 

C5 


•^ 

r^ 

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oo 


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o 


o 

a: 


CM 


CM 


CD 


^j' 


CO 


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c; 


00 

oo 


CD 




oo 


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CO 

oo 


CM 
CM 



oo .-. r-. (^ CO CO 



uBoqqnday 



CM »C t-- CO — . »0 »C 
t^ CO lO O *0 -rf t-- 
CM r^ — « CO CO CM 05 



CM CO CO t^ 



ra^qjpqj ptiorajnqj^ 



■^ O O lO CD t- CO 

CM CM CO -f CO —I O 

CI ^o r~ O W5 *o CO 

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UBoqqnda^ 



j9§|o^ 'H oqof 



C^J -H 

— o 

CM O 



-+ O CO uti 
CM UD CM — 

•-' oo "^ oo 



I 2 



c^i r- c^j t^ CO Oi t- 

-H r-- — I »o CO »c 



UEoqqndajj 
9{^uj -f uqo]* 



■^ CO O O »0 Oi 

o o -n* CO c^ 00 

00 CM -r r- CO t-' 

Cl CM CO -^ 



^BjoomsQ I 3 S 3 § S K S 
jaS|oj 'w uqof I "»_ ^. o M CO o (» 

— »f3 cc c^ oo ^f t^ 



o 
O 






Oi CU aj CZ3 



Election Returns 



267 



"-13 

C 
o 
O 



QC 
OS 



OS 



o 
u 

o 

03 



o 
(^ 

o 



<: 
2: 
o 
55 

a 

2: 

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00 

2 






CM 

CO 

oo 


GO 
00 

CC 


o 
oo 

CM 




"5 

CO 




CO 


!)BJ0oni9(j 


OO t^ O CO 

r- t^ oi CO 
C»3 oo o t^ 

W3 CO "^ CO 
^ ^ CO 


CO 


CD 


nBaqqnday 
■jf 'mjOMBH ji snjny 


-^ 05 CSI r-H 

CO cc CO ■—< 
CO CO CO CD 

CO w» 


CO 


tBJooraaQ 


CO r^ (M CO 

CO O OO CTt 
CO --" lO o 

o" '^'" CO CO 


00 

o 

CO 




HBOi]qnday 
aajjaj ■ jj sinoq 


CO '-' CO c^ 
CO lO ^ i-H 

^ OO O C5 

QO' -<*''" C^ ^H 


CM 

s 

CO 

CO 


l^jDotnag 


GO ^ CO QO 
CO oo o t^ 
.-4 ^ (M CD 

CO "rf l>. CD 
^ (M CO 


§ 

CM 

OO 


O 

2 ■ 


utiaiiqnday 
PIEUoaow V V 


"Tf CO CO Oi 

■^ CO -H O 

31 C^ CO CD 
CO •-' CO 


M3 


jBJoomaQ 


CD CO t^ W5 
GO »0 t^ CO 

Oi 00 ca CO 

t- 40 ■r-^ CM 


CM 


00 

05 


aAissaj8ojj[ 


^ ^ CO 00 

CD ■^ GO '^ 

CO CD ^ 


C3i 


UTioiiqnday | S | ^ i 
^^mi• -Q qd|By | „- ^- ^ ^- 

1 


CD 

O 

a> 


}Bj3omaQ 


O CO O CO 

oo ^ r^ CO 

OO CO CO C>J 
O CSI CSI "^ 

-^ -H (M 


CD 

g 




UBoqqnday 
piBnoQO^ -V -V 


-H o oo cq 

GO ^ CD CO 

GO --H o= r^ 
■rr <— ( CO 


<M 

o' 


IBjJomag 


r^ ^- CO t^ 

<0 -^ t- CO 

o oo r- C5 
CD M t- ^ 


CD 

go" 


■rr 


UBOijqndag 
iiosjapiiau' qiJOj\\ 


CD lO lO Oi 

r— CO CO as 

(M CO '-t^ O 
'^ C^ O ^ 


OS 

oo" 


05 


}BJDoaiaQ 
uiBqjna -x JJBO 


o oo »o O 

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CO '-H o -rr 
as' CO '^ CO 


CO 

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268 



Ndiii II Caijoiixv M.wiAr. 



o 




s 




A 








4:> 




G 




O 




U 




""■^ . 




00 




m 




a> 




r-l 




■>* 




■* 




Oi 




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o; 




£—1 


J/3 


71 


C/2 


C^ 


H 


"^ 


K 

O 


<; 
o 


Z 


-C 


o 


a 


U 


« 




^ 


;^ 


y. 


o 


w 




T 


C/J 


H 


02 


p^ 


M 


W 



O 

H 
O 



iiR.)ii(|mJoy I ;S ^ Si ^ Z n X. 

SSBdl^I^ BUEQ -J I °l TO ^ -r 



a-. ■ 




W5 


«« CM 
CO t^ 

QC' CO 

CO CM 


CM 
CM 


— CD 
^ CM 
CO CO 


CD 

cm" 


1 

CM 


CO 

2 ■ 


uBoiiqnday 


M 

s 


CM CO 
CM 


CO 

cm' 


^ CO 
OO CO 
*0 CO 

CM CM 


00 
OO 


CM 




OO 


i^i CO 

C-. CD 

CO GO 




^ CO 
Ci CO 
CO 3; 

oc' 4o' 


CD 


CM 




HBOijqnday 


CO 


-t" ^ 
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^ CVJ 

cm' 


o 


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»o 

CO 


o 
o 






CO a= 

O C5 
CO CM 


CM 

CO 


t^ CO 

-r CO 


CO 

CD 

co' 


CO 

CO 

c5 




uBOiiqntiay 
uosiiqo'f -y -q 


; 


CM o 
t^ CM 


CO 
CM 


1 CD 
1 CM 






IBjaoiuaQ 


§ 

f 


CO CI 
CO 'Ci 

CO r- 


§ 

CM 


CO »o 
OC lO 


C^l 
CM 


OO 
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cm' 

CO 


o 


treDqqnday 
•jf 'jaJiDnx 'a iiiAJi 


§ 


-r lO 

O 31 
CO CM 


o 

CO 


3: lO 

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O CO 


o 

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t^ 

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IBJOOUiaQ 


CO 


CO *o 

CO CO 
QO ^ 

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T 
CD 
CM 


CM t- 

C^l *d 

•^ -r 


00 
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C3 

CM 




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siABQ -a ^jaqoy 


*o 


CO CM 


CM 

CD 


^ CO 




CO 
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[iBsiiqnday 
^sa^W f 


i 


Si 




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50 
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UBOjiqnday 
sjaSpoy punrapa h 


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CO 


CO o^ 
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CO C5 
OC CM 
CO lO 

cm' cm' 


CD 


O CO 

r^ -r 

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00 


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uuaiiqnday 
A'qsj[nEjY 'V qBisof 


to 


O 00 
C- "T 


CO 


a: CM 


00 
CD 


o 

CD 
CM 

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JBJOOOiaQ 
51JB1J pJBABQ -f 


CD 

CO 

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CM CM 

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cd' 


CO CM 

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CM 

CO 
CO 


1 £? 
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X 


Pi 





Election RinuRXs 



269 



o 
5 






CC 
H 
Pi 

o 
o 






UBOiiqnday 
SuipjBH -g 'a 'i 



c-1 Oi o -r 
1— • r- — ■ c^ 
— ■ CM -r 



C-J-r3:000500tD 
^- -r »o •— « -H i^ c^) 



o 


■(■BjaoinaQ 


CO 
U5 


CO 


CD 




c^ 


CM 




CO 


00 
CD 




CM 





^ 




uiqoHjj [nBj -y 




UD 


C^J 






T 









»o 


*c 


CO 


i^ 






■^ 


OJ 


CN 




c^ 


CO 


'T 


OJ 




C^l 


I^ 


CO 


CO 
T 




UEOiiqnday 


ac 


»n 


r^ 


OC 


UO 


UO 

-r 


3: 





ort 








t^ 


CM 




sjaAjm psj J 






t^ 


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r- 


l>- 






CO 


as 


t^ 


l^ 








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CO 

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CD 

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s? 


00 


CO 







uiqo^iAj jtiEj -y 




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■n- 




OC 




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iC 




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CO 


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UEaiiqncIay 


TO 


CO 


§ 


00 


CO 


CI 













GC' 
QT' 


CO 


s 




"!-^''0 'tK PIo-«!H 










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CO 


10 


CO 




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CO 




ireoi|qn(lay 


ro 





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CO 






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CO 


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1- 




UEaqqnday 





Oi 





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or 


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f^ 


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CM 


t'- 


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uBoqqnday 


s 


Gr< 


CO 
CO 


OT; 


CO 


CM 


»r^ 


iC 




r5 


co 
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CO 


;5 




siuBi]|i^ aija/t^pq 


<!M 




CO 




iC 


OD 


<M 


r^ 







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r^ 


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r^ 










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r^ 


CO 


t^ 






























e^ 


jBJaoiuaQ 


OC 


CO 


CO 


CO 




CO 


CM 




CD 


S 







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CO 


Tf 




auBag -g -3 


(M 




(M 


W5 





CO 


CM 





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CO 


"^ 




a 






co" 






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CO 


CM 


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iC 


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CM 


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ireai|qnday 


CO 

0; 






CO 


f^ 


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OJ 


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co 


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CD 


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jEJoomaQ 


u^ 








-M 





x; 


5r 


s 




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CO 


CD 


CD 


S 




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t^ 


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10 


CM 




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0: 


l^ 


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C^J 




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CM 


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^^ 


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CO 


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CM 




n^atiqnday 


s 


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rr; 


CO 
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cc 


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CO 




co 


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00 


01 


CO 


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-r 








CO 








CM 








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CO 


}BJOoniaQ 


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CO 


CO 


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10 








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CO 


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10 


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CO 


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c^ 


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CO 


CM 


CO 


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CM 


to 


»C 


c^ 


00 



o 



-a 



-o 






270 



North Cauoi.ixa Manual 



T3 
(V 
3 

a 
+j 
a 
o 
o 



00 
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I 

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O 

z 
o 
u 

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w 

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o 
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nt!.ii|iin(loj[ 




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cc 


CM 


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CO 


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c; 


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CD 




■'>!MA\ ""^illi.W 


C^J 


re CO 


CO 




C^J 


CO 


CD 









C^J 


^^ cc 


OJ 


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CM 


CO 


Cd" CO 


Ci" 






















IBJOOraSQ 


CO 


CM ^ 
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o 

CM 




Ci 


'0 


— 1 CM 


CM 




japuExaiv "5 q§n{j 




o -^ 


■"■ 


O 


CO 


•n- 










CO 


CM TfH 


O 


Ol 


CO 


en 


00 CO 






ire.iqqnddjj 


on 


O CO 

O — ' 


-r 


o 


CO 


00 

CM 


^ 02 


s 




•■■^11! W 'IV 'V 




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CO 


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c^ 


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CM 

o 


IC CO 


en 


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CO 
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00 


CM 00 

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00 




j3puBX3]y ■() qSnjj 


IM 


C5 CO 


CM 


c: 


10 


CD 


•^ t^ 


•"^^ 






co' 


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CM 


00 





'* 


00' CO 


00 

CD 




UBOiiqnciay 


o 


CO — 




CM 

CI 


u5 


Ci 


^ ^ 


s 




•jf -suaAsjc; -[^ -lu ^ 






M' 


CO 


CO 


Ci 


10 -^ 


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co' 




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b- 


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CD 


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s 




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CO 


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CO 


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CO 


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CO 


CM "* 


OC 


l^' 


l>- 


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10 




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CO CD 
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CO 




CO 







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CO 


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co 


CO 


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CO 


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CO 


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t^ 


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f 




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Election Retxirns 



271 



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El.IXTIO.N Retirxs 



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274 NouTii Cauoi.ixa Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATORS IN PRIMARIES 

1944-1956 

1944 

Clyde R. Iloey. 211,049 

Cameron Morrison 80, 154 

Marvin L. Hitch 7,428 

Arthur .Simmons 4,593 

Ci. Y. Newton 3,057 

1948 
Short Term 

J. Melville Broughton 206,605 

William B. Umstead 188,420 

Rsgular Term 

J. Melville Broughton 207,981 

William B. Umstead 183,865 

1950 
First Primary 

Frank P. Graham 303,605 

Willis .Smith 250,222 

Robert R. Reynolds 58,752 

011a Ray Boyd 5,900 

Second Primary 

Willis Smith 281,114 

Frank P. Graham 261,789 

1954 

Short Term 

W. Kerr .Scott 274,674 

Alton Lennon 264,265 

AlvinWingfield 12,372 

Henry L. Sprinkle 5,013 

Regular Term 

W. Kerr .Scott 312,053 

Alton Lennon 286,730 

Alvin Wingfield 7,999 

Henrv L. Sprinkle 2,548 

A. E. Turner 2,361 

OUa Ray Boyd _ 1,674 

W. M. Bostick 1,293 

1956 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr 360,967 

Marshall C. Kurfees 65,512 



Election Returns 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATORS IN 
GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1944-1956 



Democrats 




1944 


Republicans 


Clyde R. Hoey 
533,813 




1948 


A. I. Ferree 

226,037 


J. Melville Broughton 
(Democrat) 
540,762 


John A. Wilkinson 
(Republican) 
220,307 


William T. Brown 
(Progressive) 
3,4!)0 






1950 




Clyde R. Hoey 

376,472 




Regular Term 
Unexpired Term 


Halsey B. Leavitt 
171,804 


Willis Smith 

364,912 
Frank P. Graham 

2,259 (write-in 


votes) 


1954 
Short Term 


E. L; Gavin 
' 177,753 


W. Kerr Scott 
402,268 




Regular Term 




W. Kerr Scott 
408,312 




Unexpired Term 


Paul C. West 
211,322 


Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
410,574 




1956 




Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
731,353 






Joel A. Johnson 
367,475 



276 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
NOVEMBER 4, 1958 



Counties 


B. F:verett 

,Jordan 
Democrat 


Richard C. 
Clarke, Jr. 
Republican 




10,117 
3,597 
1,941 
1,920 
4,3.35 
1,028 
1,762 
1,994 
1,694 
3,723 

19,775 

10,227 
9,795 
8,849 
365 
4,023 
1,904 

12,275 

3,136 

3,892 

496 

1,425 

2,548 

2,619 

2,900 

7,898 

651 

569 

12,458 
2,269 
2,659 
8,796 
3,844 

16,777 
1,243 

10,120 

367 

1,721 

1,468 

1,811 

12,754 

2,159 

4,566 

7,413 

5,030 

860 

655 

376 

6,209 

3,694 

4,414 

734 


2,736 




2,312 


Allfehanv - - 


1,310 




116 




3,733 


Averv -- - 


2.. 306 




106 


Bertie - - - - --- - - 


67 


Bladen -- 


59 


Brunswick - 


1,967 




9,343 


Burke --- -- 


6,948 


Cabarrus - - -.- 


2,546 


Caldwell 


4,108 


Camden ~ - 


23 


Carteret .--_ 


759 




175 




10,720 


Chatham - - 


914 


Cherokee - - - 


3,589 




9 




1,428 




270 




117 


Craven 


215 




420 




22 




82 


Davidson _ _ _ 


7,422 




2,388 




183 




1,324 


Kdceeombe 


133 




6,489 




55 




1 , 875 




18 




1,587 


Granville -- - -- 


112 




26 




3,762 




96 


Harnett - 


501 




2,952 


Hpiidprson - 


5,600 




26 


Hoke 


30 




36 


Iredell 


2,375 




1,700 




770 


Jones - 


63 



Elfx'tiox Returns 



277 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
NOVEMBER 4, 1958 (Continued) 



Counties 



Lee.- 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg- - 

Mitchell 

Montgomery.. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover - 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. . 

Pender 

Perquimans. . 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania . 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington. . 

Watauga 

Wayne. - 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Total.... 



B. Everett 


Richard C. 


Jordan 


Clarke, .Jr. 


Democrat 


Republican 


2,049 


209 


2,086 


191 


6,770 


4,541 


3,096 


1,814 


4,7.30 


2,029 


1,764 


90 


5,523 


2,672 


27,466 


14,439 


883 


2,513 


3,432 


2,340 


4,304 


1,566 


2,505 


91 


5,050 


525 


1,608 


42 


1,484 


106 


2,464 


583 


642 


94 


1,048 


68 


1,058 


45 


408 


29 


840 


51 


2,850 


122 


2,919 


1,798 


8,7.35 


6,978 


1,994 


119 


2,483 


96 


9,027 


1,955 


9,075 


3,525 


7,960 


1,133 


5,987 


4,029 


981 


51 


8,905 


6,994 


4,191 


3,002 


6,147 


2,753 


2,406 


1.281 


3,388 


2.066 


302 


30 


2,570 


202 


2,887 


117 


7,626 


1,164 


1.614 


51 


798 


68 


3,531 


3,135 


2,276 


258 


7,492 


7,741 


1,644 


107 


3,339 


3,264 


3,300 


2,977 


431,492 


184,977 



278 Nduni Cakoi.ina Manual 



VOTE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT BY COUNTIES 



Proposed Amendment to the Constitution of North Carolina 

submitted to a vote of the people at the General Election, 

November 4, 1958 



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT FAILED OF ADOPTION 

Chapter 908, Session Laws 1957 
Article 4, Section 27 

"§27. Jurisdiction of justices of the peace. — The several justices 
of the peace shall have jurisdiction, under such regulations as the 
General Assembly shall presci'ibe, of civil actions, founded on con- 
tract, wherein the sum demanded shall not exceed two hundred 
dollars ($200.00), and wherein the title to real estate shall not be 
in controversy; and of all criminal matters arising within their 
counties where the punishment cannot exceed a fine of fifty dollars 
($50.00) or imprisonment for thirty days. And the General As- 
sembly may give to the justices of the peace jurisdiction of other 
civil actions wherein the value of the property in controversy does 
not exceed two hundred dollars ($200.00). When an issue of fact 
shall be joined before a justice, on demand of either party thereto 
he shall cause a jury of six men to be summoned, who shall try 
the same. The party against whom the judgment shall be rendered 
in any civil action may appeal to the Superior Court from the 
same. In all cases of a criminal nature the party against whom 
the judgment is given may appeal to the Superior Court, where 
the matter shall be heard anew. In all cases brought before a 
justice, he shall make a record of the proceedings, and file the 
same with the Clerk of the Superior Court for his county." 



Election Returns 



279 



VOTE ON FOREGOING AMENDMENT BY COUNTIES 



Counties 



Alamance. - 
Alexander. - 
Alleghany_- 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick, . 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck-. 

Dare 

Davidson.. 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe- 
Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford... 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood _ . 
Henderson . 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hvde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston... 
Jones 



Constitutional j 


Amendment In- 


creasing Jurisdiction of Justices 


of the Peace. 




For 


Against 


4,495 


6,284 


1,846 


2,643 


1,329 


1,037 


910 


1,005 


1,782 


2,314 


1,196 


1,435 


542 


1,144 


826 


1.265 


610 


1,101 


2,264 


2,418 


6,867 


5,373 


6,310 


8,703 


4,179 


7,429 


4,845 


5,666 


119 


214 


1,168 


2,945 


1,032 


960 


7,862 


11,128 


1,481 


2,288 


2,312 


2,726 


115 


348 


716 


723 


1,152 


1,473 


1,064 


1,226 


822 


2,227 


3,185 


4,303 


229 


449 


229 


341 


7,654 


8,707 


1,300 


2,152 


1,258 


1,493 


1,624 


7,555 


1,536 


2,027 


7,858 


14,836 


532 


710 


4,431 


6,501 


189 


168 


489 


1,032 


554 


969 


666 


980 


4,329 


11,205 


896 


1,349 


2,066 


2,691 


3,967 


4,443 


2,669 


4,671 


382 


453 


254 


430 


171 


208 


2,944 


4,709 


1,697 


2,378 


1,478 


2,334 


395 


371 



•2S0 



Noinii Cakolina Manual 



VOTE ON FOREGOING AMENDMENT BY COUNTIES 

(Continued) 



'):'■'!«.■ 



iiilSi-.. 



t » 'llU . 



Counties 



Lee.- 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg - 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank- _ 

Pender 

Perquimans. - 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly.. 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania - 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake. 

Warren 

Washington . . 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals... 



Constitutional Amendment In- 
creasing Jurisdiction of Justices 
of the Peace. 



For 



256 
647 
,309 
,675 
,927 
734 
,448 
,392 
,103 
,706 
,112 
841 
,691 
580 
486 
924 
232 
307 
369 
173 
408 
955 
,506 
,416 
650 



Against 



654 

1,578 

3,819 

2,585 

1,994 

883 

4,196 

28,460 

1,.398 

2,982 

3,242 

1,624 

3,766 

1,022 

1,053 

2,040 

468 

760 

753 

247 

404 

1 , 975 

1,406 

6,663 

1 , 433 



1,240 


1,275 


4,037 


5,712 


4,462 


7,028 


3,538 


4,858 


3,681 


3,489 


365 


628 


4,519 


6,660 


2,467 


2.368 


3,227 


3,754 


1,209 


1,622 


2,472 


2,160 


147 


138 


1,001 


1,403 


1,138 


1,738 


1,320 


5,124 


672 


1,004 


412 


490 


1,282 


2,006 


462 


1,172 


5,097 


5,537 


513 


1,239 


2,461 


2,557 


1,845 


2,183 


199,240 


301,090 



Election Reti kxs 



281 



VOTE ON PROHIBITION 1881 AND 1908 



August, 1881 



May, 1908 



For 
Prohibition 

48,370 



Against 

Prohibition 

166,325 



For 

Prohibition 

113,612 



Against 

Prohibition 

69,416 



Vote on calling convention to consider proposed amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States repealing 
the 18th amendment and Election of Delegates. 



November, 1933 







Delegates 


Delegates 






For Repeal 


Against 


For 


No 


of 


Repeal of 


Convention 


Convention 


18th 


18th 






Amendment 


Amendment 


120,190 


293,484 


115,482 


300,054 



PART V 

GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, 
BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



GOVERNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



ADVISORY BUDGET COMMISSION 

1925, c. 89; 1929, c. 100; 1931, c. 295; 1951, c. 768; 

G. S. 143-4 

Composition: Six members. Chairman of Appropriations and 
Finance Committees of the House and Senate, and two members 
appointed by the Governor. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

J. K. Doughton Sparta 

Vacancy 

Appointed by the Legislature: 

J. Wm. Copeland Murfreesboro 

O. Arthur Kirkman High Point 

Clyde H. Harriss Salisbury 

H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 



NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL HALL OF FAME 
1953, c. 1129; G. S. 106-568.14 

Composition: Eight members. Five Ex-officio, three appointed 
by the Governor. 
L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner State Board of Agriculture, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

David S. Weaver, Director North Carolina Agricultural 

Extension Service, Ex-officio Raleigh 

A. G. Bullard, State Supervisor of Vocational 

Agriculture, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Randolph Eagles, President North Carolina Farm 

Bureau Federation, Ex-officio Macclesfield 

Harry B. Caldwell, Master of State Grange, 

Ex-officio Greensboro 

Dean I. O. Schaub Raleigh 

T. E. Browne Murfreesboro 

Mrs. Charles Graham Linwood 

285 



286 NoKTH Cakolixa Manual 

STATE BOARD OP AGRICULTURE 

Rev. s. ;«);n ; (ode s. 2184; 1JM)1, «. 479, ss. 2, 4; 1907, e. 497, 
s. 1 ; 19.tl, (. 360, s. 1 ; 1937, c. 174; C. S. 4667; G. S. 106-2 

Composition: Eleven members. Ten appointed by the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Glenn G. Gilmore -.Julian 

Hoyle C. Griffin Monroe 

Claude T. Hall Roxboro 

J. Atwell Alexander Stony Point 

J. Muse McCotter New Bern 

George P. Kittrell Corapeake 

Charles F. Phillips Thomasviile 

J. H. Poole - West End 

A. B. Slagle __Franklin 

W. I. Bissette Grifton 



STATE BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

1937, c. 49, ss. 2, 3; c. 411; 1939, c. 185, s. 5; 1941; c. 107, s. 5; 

G. S. 18-37; G. S. 18-38 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

W. S. Hunt, Chairman __Raleigh 

Clint Newton Shelby 

J. Irvin Morgan, Jr Farmville 



STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

Rev. s. 4539; 1903, c. 767, s. 2; 1907, c. 714, s. 1; 1941 c. 306; 
1943, c. 237; 1945, e. 55; 1955, t. 543; C. S. 6141; G. S. 121-3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

McDaniel Lewis, Chairman Greensboro 

Dr. W. T. Laprade Durham 

Gertrude Sprague Carraway New Bern 

H. V. Rose — Smithfield 

Dr. Fletcher M. Green Chapel Hill 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 287 

James W. Atkins Gastonia 

Josh L. Home, Jr Rocky Mount 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Raleigh 

STATE ART COMMISSION 
1947, c. 1097; 1951, c. 1168; 1953, c. 696; G. S. 104-5.6 

Composition: Five members appointed by Governor from mem- 
bership of State Art Society. 

Robert Lee Humber, Chairman Greenville 

Dr. Sylvester Green Winston-Salem 

Edwin Gill Raleigh 

Dr. Clarence Poe Raleigh 

Dr. Clemens Sommer Chapel Hill 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE ART SOCIETY 

1929, c. 314; 1943, c. 752; G. S. 140-1 

Composition: Sixteen members. Four members Ex-officio; four 
members appointed by the Governor; eight members elected by 
the Art Society. 

Ex-officio: 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor Raleigh 

Malcolm B. Seawell, Attorney General Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 

Mrs. R. S. Bigham, Art Dept. Chairman, 

N. C. Federation of Women's Clubs Charlotte 

Appointed: 

George ^I. Ivey Charlotte 

Mrs. Charles Cannon Concord 

Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

Ralph Price Greensboro 

Elected: 

Mrs. J. Melville Broughton Raleigh 

Dr. Clarence Poe Raleigh 

Egbert L. Davis Winston-Salem 



288 NoRiu Cakolixa Ma>ual 

Edwin Gill Raleigh 

Dr. Clemens Sommer Chapel Hill 

Henry Bridges Raleigh 

Gregory Ivy Greensboro 

Mrs. J. H. B. Moore Greenville 

Betty Debnam, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOA HI) OF ASSESSMENT 

Uy.ii), c. ;JI(), s. 2(M>; 1!)41, <. .•i27, s. 6; 1U47, c. 1«4; 
G. S. l(>r)-27;{ 

Composition: Five members, all Ex-ofticio under the Act. 

James S. Currie, Commissioner of Revenue, Chairman _ Raleigh 

Harry Wescott, Chairman Public Utilities Commission _ Raleigh 

Malcolm B. Seawell, Attorney General Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, Director of Local Government Raleigh 

H. C. Stansbury, Director Department of Tax Research Raleigh 

Allen Paschal, Secretary Raleigh 

ATLANTIC STATES MARINE FISHERIES COMMISSION 

194!), V. 1086; G. S. 113-877.3 

Composition: Three members, two Ex-officio, one appointed by 
the Governor. 

C. G. Holland, Ex-officio Morehead City 

Dr. D. J. Rose, Ex-officio Goldsboro 

Walton S. Griggs Point Harbor 

STATE BANKING (^'OMMISSION 

1931, o. 243; 1935, v. 266; 1939, v. 91; 1949, c. 372; 
1953, V. 1209; G. S. 53-92 

Composition: Eleven members. Two Ex-officio, nine appointed 
by the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Malcolm B. Seawell, Attorney General, Ex-officio -_ Raleigh 

Don S. Elias Asheville 

E. D. Gaskins Monroe 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 289 

John P. Stedman Luniberton 

John W. Spears — Lillington 

M. B. Fowler Durham 

Edwin P. Brown Murfreesboro 

Charles M. Reeves, Jr Sanford 

J. Van Lindley Greensboro 

(Vacancy) 

THE XOKTH CAROLINA STATE BAR ( OUX( IL 

1933, c. 210; 1037, <. 51; 1055, c. 651; G. S. 84-17 

Composition: Thirty-four members. Four Ex-officio as officers 
of the North Carolina State Bar, and one each from the thirty 
judicial districts of the State. 

Officers: 

John C. Cheesborough, President Asheville 

Armistead J. Maupin, First Vice-President Raleigh 

R. P. Reade. Second Vice-President Durham 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Councilors: 

J. Kenyon Wilson, Jr., First District Elizabeth City 

Bryan Grimes, Second District Washington 

Albion Dunn, Third District Greenville 

R. D. Johnson, Jr., Fourth District Warsaw 

Marsden Bellamy, Fifth District Wilmington 

Eric Norfleet, Sixth District Jackson 

Oliver G. Rand, Seventh District Wilson 

Hugh Dortch, Eighth District . Goldsboro 

Bennett H. Perry, Ninth District Henderson 

Charles H. Young, Tenth District Raleigh 

J. Robert Young, Eleventh District Dunn 

George S. Quillin, Twelfth District Fayetteville 

Hector H .Clark, Thirteenth District _: Elizabethtown 

Claude V. Jones, Fourteenth District ._ Durham 

Bonner D. Sawyer, Fifteenth District Hillsboro 

W. E. Timberlake, Sixteenth District Lumberton 

W. M. Allen, Seventeenth District Elkin 

James W. Clontz, Eighteenth District High Point 

William L. Mills, Jr., Nineteenth District Concord 



290 North Carolina Manual 

W. D. Sabiston. Twentieth District Carthage 

H. Gardner Hudson, Twenty-first District Winston-Salem 

Don A. Walser, Twenty-second District Lexington 

W. G. Mitchell, Twenty-third District .North Wilkesboro 

Wade E. Brown. Twenty-fourth District Boone 

Frank C. Patton. Twenty-fifth District Morganton 

P'^rancis H. Fairley, Twenty-sixth District Charlotte 

M. T. Leatherman, Twenty-seventh District Lincolnton 

E. L. Loftin, Twenty-eighth District Asheville 

Paul J. Story, Twenty-ninth District Marion 

Thad D. Bryson, Thirtieth District Bryson City 

STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

1935, c. 53, s. 1; 1937, c. 285; G. S. 111-1; 111-3 

Composition: Eleven members. Five Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

Judge Sam M. Cathey, Chairman Asheville 

Dr. Howard E. Jensen, Chairman, Exec. Com Durham 

H. C. Bradshaw Durham 

Joe W. Hood Wilmington 

Frank C. King Brevard 

Sam Alford Henderson 

Ex-officio members: 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton Raleigh 

J. W. Beach Raleigh 

Charles H. Warren Raleigh 

E. N. Peeler Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston -^Raleigh 

H. A. Wood, Eecutive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF BOILER Rl LES ' 

1935, e. 326; 1953, c. 569; G. S. 95-54 

Composition: Six members. One Ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Frank Crane, Commissioner of Labor, Chairman, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

W. E. Shuping Jr Charlotte 



Governmental Boards and Co.m.missions 291 

W. W. Lloyd Greensboro 

Gordon Thomas Raleigh 

Wilkes C. Price Asheville 

William M. Reading, Jr Kinstou 

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 

1983, c. 392, s. 4; 1941, f. 280, s. 2; 1957, c. 1138; 

G. S. 143-136 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

A. G. Odell, Jr., Chairman Charlotte 

T. C. Cooke — _ Durham 

R. E. Booth Raleigh 

H. B. Foster Greensboro 

A. H. Jeffress Kinston 

V. G. Moser Asheville 

S. W. Sanders Wilmington 

J. C. Smith, Jr , Leaksville 

R. E. Vick Raleigh 

GOVERNOR RICHARD CASWELL MEMORIAL COMMISSION 
1955, c. 977; G. S. 143-204.1 

Composition: Twenty members. Four Ex-officio, sixteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Ex-officio: 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Dept. Archives 

and History Raleigh 

Dr. Chas. F. Carroll, Supt. of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Guy Eliott, Mayor of Kinston Kinston 

J. R. Davenport, Chmn. Board of Commissioners of 

Lenoir County Deep Run 

Mrs. Charles M. Johnson — Raleigh 

Mrs. G. A. Kernodle Burlington 

Mrs. R. O. Everett Durham 

Ray Galloway - Raleigh 

Dr. J. Carlyle Sitterson - Chapel Hill 

Paul A. Rockwell - Asheville 

Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Edenton 



292 NoKTii Cakoi.ixa Manual 

r>'is. J. Roger Brooks Kinston 

Mrs. W. M. Bellamy Wilmington 

Mrs. Edwin Pate Laurinburg 

J. Lawrence Sprunt Wilmington 

Edmund H. Harding Washington 

Sam N. Clark Tarboro 

John G. Dawson Kinston 

Thomas J. White Kinston 

Mrs. George W. Knott Kinston 

STATE CIVIL AIK PATROL 

1953, V. 1281; (i. S. 167-1 

Composition: Nine members. Six Ex-officio and three appointed 
by the Governor. 

Ex-officio: 

Major General Capus Waynick, Adjutant General Raleigh 

Col. Donald H. Denton, Deputy Wing Commander Charlotte 

Lt. Col. Ralph P. Cochrane, Wing Executive Officer^ Charlotte 

Major Mary B. Reid, Wing Adjutant Charlotte 

Lt. Col. Robert D. McCallum, Wing Director 

of Communications Charlotte 

Lt. Col. Charles J. Weisner, Coordinator of 

Civil Defense Durham 

Appointed: 

Frank Sherrill Charlotte 

Lloyd Griffin Raleigh 

Charles T. Hagan, Jr Greensboro 

XORTH TAROLIXA COUNCIL OF CIVIL DEFENSE 
1951, <•, 1016; G. S. 166-3 

Composition: Six members all ex-officio. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

Edward Scheldt, Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, 

Exec. Vice-Chairman - Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Exec. Sec, State Board of Health Raleigh 

Dr. Carey H. Bostian. Chancellor N. C. State College Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and CoAniissioxs 293 

Walter F. Anderson, Director of State Bureau 

of Investigation Raleigh 

John T. Morrisey, General Counsel N. C. 

League of Muncipalities Raleigh 

General Edward F. Griffin, Director Raleigh 

COMMERCIAL FISHERIES ADVISORY BOARD 
1955, c. 1031; G. S. 113-142.8 

Composition: Seven meniDers appointed by the Governor. 

Winfield Daniels, Chairman Charlotte 

Lewis Hardee — Southport 

Arnold Daniels Wanchese 

Monroe Gaskill Cedar Island 

Eric Rodgers Scotland Neck 

W. H. Mason Oriental 

Dick O'Neal New Holland 

BOARD OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

1!>25, c. 122, s. «; 1J)27, o. 57; 1941, c. 45; 1945, c. 038; 
1953, c. 81; 1957, c. 248; G. S. 113-4; 113-5 

Composition: Eighteen members appointed by the Governor. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Honorary Chairman Raleigh 

Miles J. Smith, 1st Vice-Chairman Salisbury 

W. J. Damtoft, 2nd Vice-Chairman Canton 

Charles S. Allen Durham 

W. B. Austin Jefferson 

H. C. Buchan, Jr North Wilkesboro 

Scroop W. Enloe, Jr Spruce Pine 

R. M. Hanes Winston-Salem 

Leo H. Harvey Kinston 

Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Amos R. Kearns High Point 

Cecil Morris — Atlantic 

Hugh M. Morton Wilmington 

F. J. Boling Slier City 

H. C. Kennett Durham 



294 North Carolina Manual 

Walker Martin Raleigh 

Voit Gilmore Southern Pines 

W. Eugene Simmons Tarboro 

T. Max Watson Spindale 

STATE BOARD OF CORRECTION AND TRAINING 

1943, c. 776, s. 1; 1945, f. 847; 1947, v. 22«; G. S. 134-90== 

Composition: Ten members. One Ex-officio, nine appointed by 
the Governor. 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Department of Public 

Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

C. A. Dillon, Chairman Raleigh 

M. S. Hayworth Rocky Mount 

Paul B. Bissette Wilson 

Joseph W. Nordan -Raleigh 

Elton Edwards Greensboro 

T. Clyde Auman -West End 

Mrs. C. L. Gilliatt Shelby 

Steed Rollins Durham 

Dr. Charles F. Strosnider Goldsboro 

Blaine M. Madison, Commissioner Raleigh 

♦(This Board has the management of the Stonewall Jackson Training School. 
Eastern Carolina Training- School. State Home and Industrial School, Morrison 
Training School and State Training School for Negro Girls.) 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

North Carolina Constitution, Art. IX, sec. 8; G. S. 115-16.1 

Composition: Thirteen members. Three Ex-officio; ten appoint- 
ed by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly. 

Luther E. Barnhardt, Ex-officio Concord 

Edwin Gill, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Secretary Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dist. No. 

1 J. A. Pritchett, Vice-Chairman 1 Windsor 

2 W. Dallas Herring, Chairman Rose Hill 

3 Charles E. Jordan Durham 

4 Charles G. Rose, Jr Fayetteville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 295 

5 Charles W. McCrary Asheboro 

6 O. L. Richardson Monroe 

7 R. Barton Hayes Lenoir 

8 Gerald Cowan Asheville 

Dr. Guy B. Phillips Chapel Hill 

H. L. Trigg Raleigh 

C. D. Douglas, Controller Raleigh 



* 



*State at large appointments. 

\OKTH CAROLINA IJOAKD OF HIGHER EDU( ATION 
1055, c. 1186; G. S. 116-156 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

D. Hiden Ramsey, Chairman Asheville 

L. P. McLendon, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

Mrs. T. R. Easterling, Secretary Rocky Mount 

W. D. Herring — _ Rose Hill 

W. J. Kennedy, Jr Durham 

Robert Lassiter, Jr Charlotte 

Charles H. Reynolds Spindale 

Oliver C. Carmichael Biltmore 

N. Elton Aydlett Elizabeth City 

J. Harris Purks, Director Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 

Rov. 4300; 1901, c. 89; li)Sii, v. 165; 1953, c. 428; 
C. S. 5921; G. S. 163-8 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Ben C. Trotter, Chairman Leaksville 

David M. McConnell, Secretary Charlotte 

Warren R. Williams Sanford 

Wm. T. McShane Hendersonville 

H. M. Mallard Trenton 

R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



296 NoKTii Cahomna Manual 

K.MI'LOVMKNT SK( TIaMTV ( OM.MISSION 

E\. tiiUi, (. 1, s. lO; Um, ( . 10« s. 10; I!>4I, «. 270, s<. 1-3; 
l!H;{, <. ;J77, s. 15; 1047, (. 50.S; (;. S. 0<J-;{ 

Conipostion : Seven nieinbars appointed by the Governor. 

Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Raleigh 

Crayon C. Elird Albemarle 

R. Dave Hall Belmont 

Mrs. Quenton Gregory Halifax 

Bruce E. Davis Charlotte 

W. Benton Pipkin : Reidsville 

Maurice T. VanHecke Chapel Hill 



EUGENICS BOARD OF NORTH ( AROI>lNA 
1933, c. 224; G. S. 35-40 

Composition: Five members, all Ex-ofticio under above act. 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner State Board of 

Public Welfare Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Secretary State Board of Health Raleigh 

Dr. M. M. Vitols, Superintendent State Hospital Goldsboro 

Dr. Walter A. Sikes, Superintendent State Hospital 

at Raleigh Raleigh 

Malcolm B. Seawell, Attorney General -Raleigh 

Ethel Speas, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

GASOLINE AND OIL INSI'EC TIOX BOARD 

1937, c. 425, s. 9; 1941, c. 220; 1040, «. 1167; G. S. 119-26 

Composition: Five members. Two Ex-officio, three appointed by 
the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, Ex-officio — RaleigU 

C. D. Baucom, Secretary, Ex-officio Raleigh 

G. E. Bobbitt__-- Raleigh 

E. W. McDaniel Elkin 

G. Allen Ives New Bern 



Governmental Boards axii Co^rArissioNs 297 

GENERAL STATUTES COMMISSIOX 

1945, t. 157; 1!)47, c. 114; G. S. 1(>4-14 

Composition: Nine members appointed as follows: One each by 
the President of the North Carolina State Bar and the North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; one each by the Deans of the Law schools of 
Duke, Wake Forest, and the University of North Carolina; one 
each by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House; 
and two by the Governor. 

Robert F. Moseley, Chairman Greensboro 

Frank W. Hanft, Vice-Chairman Chapel Hill 

James H. Pou Bailey Raleigh 

R. G. Kittrell, Jr Henderson 

J. W. Hoyle— Sanford 

E. K. Powe Durham 

Buxton Midyette Jackson 

James A. Webster, Jr Winston-Salem 

Thomas L. Young, Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH ( AHOLI.VA STATE HOARD OF HEALTH 

Rev. s. 4435; Uode, s. 2875; 1870, c. 177, s. 1; 1885, c. 2;J7, s. 1; 

18!>;J, V. 214, s. 1; U)ll, <. 02, s. 1; IJKJl, c. 177, s 1; 

1945, f. 281; < . S. 7048; G. S. 130-1 

Composition: Nine members. Five appointed by the Governor, 
four elected by the Medical Society. 

Dr. Charles R. Bugg, President Raleigh 

Dr. Lenox D. Baker — Durham 

Dr. John R. Bender, Vice-President Winston-Salem 

Dr. Z. L. Edwards Washington 

Dr. Earl W. Brian Raleigh 

Dr. Roger W. Morrison Asheville 

Dr. H. C. Lutz Hickory 

Mrs. J. E. Latta Hillsboro 

Dr. John P. Henderson, Jr. Sneads Ferry 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Director, 

Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 



298 NouTii Cakolina Manual 

STATE HI(;HVVAY COMMISSION 

1{)33, c. 172; 1985, c. 257; 15)87, c. 2!)7; IfUl, <•. 57; 1945, 
«. 805; 1!>58, c. 115; 1057, v. (i5; (i. S. 1;J(>-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

J. Melville Broughton, Jr., Chairman Raleigh 

Ralph Rowland Elkin 

E. L. White "Wilmington 

Fletcher Gregory Weldon 

James W. Mason Laurinburg 

Robert Bunnelle Asheville 

Lee White Concord 

STATE (HOSPITAL) ADVISORY COUNCIL 
1945, c. 1096; 1947, c. 983; 1949, c. 1019; G, S. 181-120 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Claude F. Gaddy. Chairman -.Raleigh 

Dr. Fred C. Hubbard North Wilkesboro 

James P. Richardson Charlotte 

Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

Dr. Eugene A. Hargrove Raleigh 

NORTH ( AROLINA HOSPITALS HOARD OF CONTROL 
1943, c. 186; 1945, c. 925; (i. S. 122-7* 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

W. G. Clark, Chairman Emeritus Tarboro 

John W. Umstead, Jr., Chairman Chapel Hill 

R. P. Richardson, Vice-Chairman Reidsville 

Mrs. Vance B. Gavin, Secretary Kenansville 

H. W. Kendall Greensboro 

Kelly E. Bennett Bryson City 

Bedford W. Black Kannapolis 

W. P. Kemp Goldsboro 

* ( This Board has the mana.irement of the State Hospital at Raleigh, the State 
Hospital at Morganton, the State Hospital at Goldsboro, the State Hospital at 
Butner, the Caswell Training School, the Butner Training School and the 
Goldsboro Training School.) 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 299 

Dr. Yates S. Palmer Valdese 

D. W. Royster Shelby 

John S. Ruggles . Southern Pines 

Mrs. E. F. McCulloch Elizabethtown 

J. F. Strickland Durham 

I. D. Thorp Rocky Mount 

C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

N. C. Green Williamston 

NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL ( OMMISSION 
1!)2!), c. 120, s. 51; 1931, (. 274, s. 8; G. S. 97-77 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. W. Bean, Chairman Spencer 

R. Brooks Peters Raleigh 

N. F. Ransdell ^ Varina 

NORTH CAROLINA INSURANCE ADVISORY BOARD 

1945, c. 383; G. S. 58-27.1 

Composition: Seven members. One statutory and six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Charles F. Gold, Commissioner of Insurance, 

Chairman (Statutory) Raleigh 

Wm. H. Andrews, Jr Greensboro 

H. P. Mobley _____ Williamston 

L. M. Buchanan Greenville 

Harry E. Bray ___Providence 

J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham 

Max O. Welborn Yadkinville 

INTERDEPARTMENTAL BUILDING REGULATION 

COMMITTEE 

1957, <•. 978; G. S. 143-143.1 

Composition: Seven members. (All ex-officio under act.) 

N. E. Cannady, Chairman, Dept. of Insurance.- Raleigh 

John Cameron, Vice-Chairman, Dept. of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 



300 NoKTii Cakolina MaiNUAL 

Robert G. B. Bourne, Dept. of Administration Raleigh 

Lewis P. Sorrell, Dept. of Labor Raleigh 

Bruce Jones, Medical Care Conunission Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, Board of Health Raleigh 

Nelson Stephenson, Board of Public Welfare Raleigh 

Kern E. Church. Secretary, Dept. of Insurance Raleigh 

jVOHTH ( AIIOIJXA JUDK lAL COUNCII. 
iUry.i, c. 74; ii. S. 7-448 

Composition: Fourteen members. One member of Supreme 
Court, two judges of the Superior Court, one member of Attorney 
General's Office, two Solicitors from Superior Court and eight ad- 
ditional members, two of whom shall be appointed by the Gover- 
nor, one by the President of the Senate, one by the Speaker of the 
House and four by the Council of the North Carolina State Bar. 

Emery B. Uenny, Chairman Raleigh 

Claude L. Love Raleigh 

Leo Carr Burlington 

William H. Murdock Durham 

M. G. Boyette Carthage 

Calvin Graves Winston-Salem 

Fred B. Helms Charlotte 

Howard H. Hubbard Clinton 

J. Will Pless, Jr Marion 

Louis J. Poisson Wilmington 

Robert W. Proctor Marion 

James B. Swails Wilmington 

Don A. Walser Lexington 

\V. Reid Thompson Pittsboro 

Douglas O. Tice, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

THE BOARD OP COMMISSIONERS OF THE liAW 

E\FOH( EMEXT OFFICEHS' BENEFIT AND 

KETIHEMENT FUND 

1987, c. 849, s. «; HKiU, c. «>; 1941, vc. 56, 157; 1943, c. 145; 

1949, c. 1055; 1951, v. 882; 1958, c. 888; G. S. 148-1«« 

Composition: Seven members. Three Ex-officio, four appointed 
bv the Governor. 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 301 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Gold, State Insurance Commissioner, 

Secretary, Ex-ofticio Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

C. C. Stoker High Point 

W. Bowman Sanders Burlington 

W. B. Lentz Raleigh 

Robert J. Pleasants Raleigh 

STATE I.IBRARV BOARD 

H)OJ), (. 87;i; l<)r>3, <. 1102; 1955, c. 505; C. S. 6597; G. S. 125-29 

Composition: Eight members. Two Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

Dr. Charles F. Carroll, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Jerrold Orne, Ex-officio Chapel Hill 

John Harden, Chairman Greensboro 

Dr. Mark McD. Lindsey, Vice-Chairman Hamlet 

Dr. Roy B. McKnight Charlotte 

Paul S. Ballance Winston-Salem 

Mrs. James H. Semans Durham 

Clifford Peeler Salisbury 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

1931, c. 60, s. 7; 1931, o. 296, s. 8; 1933, c. 31, .s, 1; G. S. 159-3 

Composition: Nine members. Four Ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman Ex-officio Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

James S. Currie, Commissioner of Revenue, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Walter A. Coble Guilford College 

Sr Preston Douglas Lumberton 

L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

W. T. Moss Youngsville 

C. W. Roberts Leaksville 

W. E. Easterling, Secretary Raleigh 



302 North Cauomna Manual 

LOCAL (iOVKHN MENTAL EMI'LOYEES' 
KETIHEMENT SYSTEM 

1J);J8, V. 300, s. 8; 1J)41, c. 357, s. (i; 1!)4;{, c. 585; 1945, c. 520; 
1047, c. 250; G. S. 128-28 

Composition: Ten members. Two Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public 

Instruction. Ex-officio Raleigh 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Clyde W. Gordon Burlington 

Sam J. Burrow, Jr Asheboro 

Thomas F. Royall Wadesboro 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

Claude Love Raleigh 

D. H. Umstead Durham 

James A. Glover Nashville 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAKOLIXA MEDICAL CARE fX)MMISSION 

1945, c. 1006; G. S. 131-117 

Composition: Twenty members. Two ex-officio, eighteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Eugene G. Shaw, Chairman Greensboro 

Agnew Bahnson, Sr.. Vice-Chairman Winston-Salem 

Dr. J. Street Brewer Roseboro 

Dr. George L. Carrington Burlington 

Dr. Wm. M. Coppridge Durham 

E. C. Daniel Zebulon 

Sample B. Forbus Durham 

Dr. G. Fred Hale Raleigh 

J. B. Clemence Salisbury 

Mrs. Margaret B. Dolan Chapel Hill 

Dr. Harvey L. Johnson Elkin 

Carl V. Cline Hildebran 

Marshall I. Pickens ..Charlotte 

Earl H. Tate Lenoir 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 303 

Wm. M. Rich Durham 

Dr. Wm. Raney Stanford Durham 

Mrs. Worth A. Yount Granite Falls 

Dr. Paul F. Whitaker Kinston 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Officer, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston, State Commissioner of Public 

Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

William F. Henderson, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



NORTH CAROMNA MERIT SYSTEM COUNCIL 
1941, c. 378; G. S. 126-1 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Fred Royster, Chairman Henderson 

J. O. Wells Pisgah Forest 

Robert B. Justice Enka 

Charles Wade Winston-Salem 

Rev. J. B. Willis Hamlet 

Claude E. Caldwell, Supervisor Chapel Hill 

NORTH CAROLINA MILK COMMISSION 

1953, c. 1338; 1955, c. 406; G. S. 106-266.7 

Composition: Nine members. One Ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, Ex-oft"icio__ Raleigh 

W. W. Fitzpatrick, Chairman Rougemont 

G. Mark Goforth Lenoir 

Fred M. Eagles Wilson 

H. G. Strom - Asheville 

0. A. Swaringen Concord 

Donald L. Paul -New Bern 

1. B. Julian Fayetteville 

William C. Mclntire, Jr._„ Greensboro 

J. V. Whitaker, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



304 NouTii C.viioi.i.NA Mam Ai. 

NORTH ( \I{()I.I\A MIMCIPAI. IU).\l{l)OF COXTHOIi 

1017, V. i-.id, sub. V. 2, s. 4; l!>;jr>, <. 440; I<»41, c. 07; 
( . S. 2770; <;. S. KUMO.l 

Coini)()sition: Three members. All Ex-officio under the Act. 

Malcolm B. Seawell, Attorney General, Chairman Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Secretary Raleigh 

Harry Wescott, Chairman Utilities Commission Raleigh 



AOHTH CAHOl.IXA HOAKI) OK I'AROLES 
105;J, c. 17; 1055, c. 8«7; (;. S. 148-52 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

George W. Randall, Chairman Mooresville 

Johnson Matthews Durham 

W. A. Brame Wendell 

STATE IJOAHI) OK PENSIONS 

1021, c. 180, s. 1; V. S. 5108 (a) ; G. S. 112-7 

Composition: Three members. All Ex-officio under the above 
Act. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

Malcolm B. Seawell, Attorney General Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PERSONNEL COUNCIL 

1040, vv. 718, 1174; 1053, c. 1085; G. S. 143-35 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Fred Royster, Chairman Henderson 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Earl Crump Wilson 

John Harden Greensboro 

Robert B. Justice Asheville 

J. W. McDevitt, Director Raleigh 



Governmental Boaiuis am) Commissions 305 

NORTH ( AROLIXA STATE I'OHTS ArTHOIUTV 
1945, c. 1097; 1949, c. 892; 195;^, v. 191; G. S. 14;5-216 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

John Mercer Reeves, Chairman Pinehurst 

William Grimes Clark, Jr., Vice-Chairman Tarboro 

Collier Cobb, Jr Chapel Hill 

Kirkwood Floyd Adams Roanoke Rapids 

Robert L. Eichelberger Ashevills 

Charles Dowd Gray Gastonia 

Earl Norfleet Phillips High I oint 

D. Leon Williams, Executive Director Raleigh 

STATE PRISON COMMISSION 
1957, c. :J49; (i. S. 148-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Linn U. Garibaldi, Chairman __-__ ._ Matthews 

Mrs. J. Melville Broughton _ Raleigh 

Dr. M. B. Davis High Point 

W. W. Shope Weaverville 

T. R. Eller Brevard 

Dr. William McGehee Leaksville-Spray 

Edgar Gurganus _- Williamston 

STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 
1937, c. 132, s. 5; G. S. 15-201 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Judge Clifton L. Moore, Chairman Burgaw 

Dr. Clarence H. Patrick Winston-Salem 

Judge L. Richardson Preyer Greensboro 

W. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Martin Harmon Kings Mountain 

Basil L. Sherrill, Director Raleigh 



306 North Carolina Manual 

AOIt IH CAUOLINA STATE BOAKI) OF I'UBLIC WELFARE 

Rev. s. 1013; Code s. 2;J;J1 ; 1868-0, c. 170, s. 2; 1000, o. 800; 

1017, c. 170, s. 1; 1037, c. 310, s. 1; 1043, c. 775, s. 1; 

1045, c. 43; C. S. 5004; G. S. 108-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

E. N. Brower, Chairman Hope Mills 

E. Hervey Evans, Vice-Chalrman Laurinburg 

Irving E. Carlyle Winston-Salem 

Thomas Cornwell Shelby 

Jack B. Kirksey Morganton 

Mrs. R. E. Stratford Haw River 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA RECREATION COMMISSION 

1045, c. 757, s. 3; G. S. 143-207 

Composition: Eleven members. Four Ex-officio, seven appointed 
by the Governor. 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner of Public 

Welfare, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Wm. P. Saunders, Director, Department of 

Conservation and Development, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Rev. Charles S. Hubbard, Chairman Chapel Hill 

Dr. A. E. Weatherford Durham 

Mrs. Harriett Pressly Raleigh 

Charles L. McCullers Kinston 

Ralph Johnson __ Gastonia 

R. W. Watkins Boone 

Dr. W. D. James Hamlet 

Ralph J. Andrews, Director Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 307 

ROANOKE ISLAND HISTORIC AL ASSOCIATION 

1945, c. 953; G. S. 143-200 

Composition: Twenty-four members. Three Ex-officio, twenty- 
one appointed by the Association. 

Officers: 

Robert Lee Humber, President Greenville 

Miles Clark, Vice-President Elizabeth City 

Isaac Davis, Secretary Winton 

Chauncey Meekins, Treasurer __. Manteo 

Luther H. Hodges Governor, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Malcolm B. Seawell, Attorney General, Ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director of 

Archives and History. Ex-officio Raleigh 

W. D. Carmichael, Jr., Honorary Vice-Chairman Chapel Hill 

Lindsay Warren, Honorary Vice-Chairman Washington 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr., Honorary Vice-Chairman Morganton 

Paul Green, Author "The Lost Colony" Chapel Hill 

Clifton Britton, Director of "The Lost Colony" Manteo 

Mrs. Charles Cannon, Past Chairman Concord 

Bill Sharpe, Past Chairman Raleigh 

Jonathan Daniels, Past Chairman Raleigh 

Martin Kellogg, Jr., Past Chairman and 

General Counsel Manteo 

Directors: 

Sam Selden Chapel Hill 

George Ivey Charlotte 

Melvin Daniels Manteo 

Watts Hill, Jr Durham 

John Parker — Chapel Hill 

Bishop Thomas Wright Wilmington 

R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

C. Alden Baker - Elizabeth City 

Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Edenton 

C. Sylvester Green Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Roy Homewood Chapel Hill 

Hugh Morton Wilmington 

James Gray Winston-Salem 

George Geoghegan Raleigh 

Lawrence Swain Manteo 

Mrs. Fred Morrison Washington, D. C. 



308 NoKTH Cakoi iNA Manual 

NOHTH ( AHOLIN.X IIIHAL KI.KC TKIKK A TION AUTHOUITY 
1!>;?5, < . 28«, s. 1 ; (i. S. 117-1 

Coinposition : Six members appointed by the Governor. 

Gwyn B. Price, Chairman Raleigh 

C. L. Ballance St. Pauls 

Dr. S. H. Hobbs, Jr Chapel Hill 

Harry L. Mintz, Jr Shallotte 

Glenn C. Palmer Clyde 

Mrs. Fred B. Davis Stoneville 

STATE STREAM SAMTATIOX ( OMMITTBE 
IfMo, c. lOlO; 1047, c. 7«($; 1!).j1, c. (><»(>; 1!>5;J, c. 12!)5; 

(;. s. 14:j-2i;j 

Composition: Nine members. Two Ex-officio. seven appointed 
by the Governor. 

J. V. Whitfield, Chairman Wallace 

J. M. Jarrett, Ex-officio Raleigh 

B. C. Snow, Ex-oft'icio Raleigh 

Scott B. Berkeley Goldsboro 

Walter Clark Lincolnton 

;\Irs. Karl Bishopric Spray 

J. N. Vann — Ahoskie 

H. Grady Farthing Boone 

T. B. Upchurch, Jr Raeford 

E. C. Hubbard, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

XOKTH CAHOLIXA SYMIHOW SOCIETY, I\( . 

1948, c. 755; 1047, c. 1040; (i. S. 140-6 

Composition: Not less than sixteen members. Two Ex-otficio, 
four appointed by the Governor, balance chosen by the members 
of the Symphony Society. 

Ex-officio: 

Governor Luther H. Hodges Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll ._ -Raleigh 

Officers: 

j\I. Elliott Carroll, President Durham 



GOVERNMENTAI, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 309 

Jail P. Schinhan, Vice-President Kannapolis 

J^ester C. Giftord, Vice-President Hickorj' 

James McClure Claris, Vice-President Asheville 

Voit Gilniore, Vice-President Southern Pines 

John E. Adams, Secretary . Chapel Hill 

William R. Cherry, Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Vera N. Campbell, Assistant Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Benjamin F. Swain, Director Chapel Hill 

Executive Committee: 

John E. Adams L_Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Athel Campbell Burnham Chapel Hill 

M. Elliott Carroll ^ Durham 

William R. Cherry ,_,. Chapel Hill 

James McClure Clarke 1.1 Asheville 

Mrs. John N. Couch Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Edward C. Curnen, Jr i^^^i,^ Chapel Hill 

Lester C. Gifford ^i.i«il Hickory 

Voit Gilmore-. ^ ^_Southern Pines 

Paul Green Chapel Hill 

Russell M. Grumman Chapel Hill 

J. Welch Harriss High Point 

George Watts Hill, Jr , Durham 

A. G. Ivey Chapel Hill 

Charles E. Jordan Durham 

Thomas J. Lassiter Smithfield 

Mrs. Fred B. McCall Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Willis H. Slane . High Point 

E], K. Powe Durham 

Jan P. Schinhan Chapel Hill 

Benjamin F. Swalin Chapel Hill 

Cleveland Thayer Asheboro 

TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
RETIHEMENT SYSTEM 

1<»41, c. 25, s. 6; 1J»4;J, v. 710; 1947, c. 259; ii. S. 1;{5-(J 

Composition: Eight members. Two Ex-officio, si.\ appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairnian, Ex-ot'ficio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Supt. Public Instruction, Ex-oft'icio Raleigh 



310 NouTii Carolina Maaual 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Clyde W. Gordon Burlington 

Sam J. Burrow, Jr Asheboro 

Thomas F. Royall Wadesboro 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

Claude Love Raleigh 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

TEXTIJOOK COMMISSION 

1!>2;{, V. i;j«, s. 325; 1943, c. 627, s. 1; 1945, c. 707, ss. 4, 12; 
C. S. 5735; G. S. 115-278.4 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction: 

A. B. Gibson, Chairman — Laurinburg 

Elementary Division: 

Mrs. Carrie Abbott Bryson City 

Margaret E. McGimsey Morganton 

Marie Haigwood Yadkinville 

Cornelia McLaughlin Lillington 

Dr. Lloyd Y. Thayer High Point 

Mrs. Helen D. Wolff Greenville 

High School Division: 

Claire Freeman Raleigh 

Sarah E. Hamilton. Lumberton 

Dr. Jack Horner Charlotte 

Catherine Whitener Salisbury 

Helen D. Wilkin Henderson 

UTILITIES CX)MMISSION 

1J)33, c. 134; 1941, c. 97; 1949, c. 1009; G. S. 62-1 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the Senate. 

Harry T. Westcott, Chairman Raleigh 

Sam O. Worthington — Raleigh 

R. Lee Whitmire Raleigh 

Richard G. Long Raleigh 

(One vacancy) 

Mrs. Mary Laurens Richardson, Chief Clerk Raleigh 



Governmental Boards am» Commissions 311 

\ KTERAXS COMMISSION 
1945, c. 723; G. S. 165-0 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Claude T. Bowers Warrenton 

J. O. Thomas Leaksville 

John L. Kallam Kinston 

William W. Staton Sanford 

Irwin Monk Asheville 

Collin McKinne, Director Raleigh 

BOARD OF WATER COMMISSIONERS 
1955, c. 857; G. S. 143-320 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

J. R. Townsend, Chairman Greensboro 

George Hundley, Vice-Chairman Thomasville 

James J. Harris Charlotte 

David Hall Sylva 

Jack Riley __ Raleigh 

James McKenzie Laurinburg 

C. W. Mayo Tarboro 

W. H. Riley, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA AVILDLIFE RESOURCES ( OMMISSION 
1947, c. 263; G. S. 143-241 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

District 1 O. L. Woodhouse Grandy 

District 2 Robert M. Carr, Secretary Wallace 

District 3 G. E. Beal Red Oak 

District 4 J. A. Bridger Bladenboro 

District 5 S. I. Stewart Greensboro 

District 6 Thurman Briggs, Vice-Chairman Lexington 

District 7 R. F. Grouse Sparta 

District 8 James A. Connelly, Chairman Morganton 

District 9 T. N. Massie Sylva 



312 NoiMH Cauolixa Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA INSTITUTIONS 

CORRECTIONAL (White) 

Eastern Carolina Industrial Training School for Boys, 

Rocky Mount 

1923, c. 254, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 5; 1927, c. 144; 
C. S. 7362; G. S. 134-67 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

State Home and Indnstrial Scliool for Girls, Saniarcand 

1917, c. 255, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 4; 1929, c. 279, s, 1; 
1937, c. 147, s. 1; 1947, c. 226; C. S. 7329; G. S. 134-22 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

Stonewall Jackson Mannal Training and Indnstrial School, 

Concord 

1907, c, 509, s. 6; 1907, c. 955, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 2; 
C. S. 7313; G. S, 134-1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

CORRECTIONAL (Negro) 

Morrison Training School, Hoffman 

1921, c. 190, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 6; 1927, c. 63; 
1941, c. 241; G. S. 134-90 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

State Training School for Negro Girls, Kinston 
1943, c. 381; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-84.1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 313 

EDUCATIONAL (AVhite) 

APl'ALACHIAN STATE TEACHERS' COLLEGE, IJOOXE 

Kev. s. 4229; 1903, c. 798, ss. 1, 9, 11; 1907, c. 526, s. 1 

1915, c. 527, s. 1; 1917, c. 100, s. 1; 1919, c. 231, s. 1; 
l»r. 1925, c. 204; Pr. 1929, c. 66; 1957, c. 1142; G. S. 116-66 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

William J. Conrad, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Kidd Brewer, Vice-Chair man Raleigh 

B. C. Brock Mocksville 

C. Watson Brame North Wilkesboro 

George Corn Shelby 

Mrs. Harry B. Caldwell Greensboro 

John P. Frank Mt. Airy 

Dr. J. B. Hagaman, Jr Boone 

Mrs. J. E. Broyhill Lenoir 

E. G. Lackey Winston-Salem 

W. R. Winkler - Boone 

L. A. Dysart Lenoir 

W. H. Plemmons, President Boone 

EAST CAROLINA COLLEGE, GREEXVILIiE 

1907, c. 820, s. 15; 1911, c. 159, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 7; 

1927, c. 164; 1929, c. 259; 1951, c. 641; 1955, c. 1147; 

1957, c. 1142; C. S. 5866; G. S. 116-59 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor with 
the approval of the Senate. 

W. W. Taylor Warrenton 

Fred Willetts Wilmington 

Ralph Hodges Washington 

Luther Hamilton Morehead City 

Charles H. Larkins Kinston 

Henry Belk _ - — — Goldsboro 

Herbert Waldrop Greenville 

Carl Goerch Raleigh 

Robert Morgan Lillington 

I. H. O'Hanlon Fayetteville 



314 N()i;rii Cakoi.i.xa AIamal 

Mrs. W. R. Umstead Durham 

Arthur L. Tyler, Chairman Rocky Mount 

Agnes W. Barrett, Secretary Greenville 

NORTH CAKOLIXA SCHOOL FOK THE DEAF 
AT MOHGAXTOX 

K< V. s. 420;j; 18!)1, (. 399, s. 2; 1901, c. 210; 1925, c. 306, s. 11; 
('. S. 5889; G. S. 116-121 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

O. H. Pones, President Valdese 

How^ard Moose, Vice-President New^ton 

William S. McCord, Secretary Charlotte 

R. J. Morris Marion 

Samuel McD. Tate Morganton 

Charles K. Bryant, Sr Gastonia 

J. G. Northcott, Jr Black Mountain 



OXFORD ORPHANAGE, OXFORD 

Private Laws, 1923, c. 119 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. Nine 
under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Benjamin Cone, Vice-President Greensboro 

J. Edward Rooker Warrenton 

Tliomas L. Simmons Rocky Mount 

Appointed under by-laws: 

James Guy Johnston, Chairman Charlotte 

W. Eli Hand, Vice-Chairman Wilmington 

Judge William J. Bundy Greenville 

E. T. Howard, President High Point 

L. T. Hartsel, Jr Concord 

Judge J. Wallace Winborne Raleigh 

A. D. Leon Gray, Secretary — Oxford 

M. E. Parham, Treasurer Oxford 

(One vacancy) 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 315 

PEMBROKE STATE COLLEGE, PEMBROKE 

1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1929, c. 238; 1931, c. 275; 1941, <•. 323; 
1949, c. 58; G. S. 116-81 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the General Assembly. 

L. W. Jacobs, Chairman ____Pembroke 

Lester Bullard Maxton 

Albert Hammond Lumberton 

James R. Lowry Pembroke 

Steve Hammond, Jr Lumberton 

C. L. Maynor ___Pembroke 

Elmer T. Lowry Rowland 

D. F. Lowry Pembroke 

Zeb A. Lowry Pembroke 

James A. Sampson Pembroke 

Pernell Swett Rowland 

John L. Carter, Secretary Pembroke 



THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND 
AND THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev, 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 
1905, c. 67; 1925, c. 306; ss. 10, 13, 14; C. S. 5873; 

G. S. 116-106 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Carroll W. Weathers, Chairman Winston-Salem 

George R. Bennette Greensboro 

Charles P. Gaskins Greenville 

Mrs. Julian B. Hutaff Fayetteville 

Mrs. Larry B. Pate New Bern 

James L. Penland Asheville 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

Gilbert Peel, Jr Charlotte 

Claude Teague Chapel Hill 

James Webb Greensboro 

• Mrs. Homer Wright. Jr Leaksville 



316 North Carolina Manual 

TRUSTEES UMVEKSITY OF XOKTH CAKOLIXA 

University of North Cai-olina at ('Ijapel Hill 

Till' State College of Agrieulf lire and Kiif;ineering of tlie 
University of North Carolina at Kaleigh 

Woman's College of the University of North Carolina 

at Greensboro 

C. S. 5789; G. S. 110-4 

Composition: One hundred members. Elected by the General 
Assembly. The legal term of office expires April 1st of year indi- 
cated. 

* Executive Committee 
Governor Luther H. Hodges, Chairman Raleigh 

1960 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount 

George Watts Hill Durham 

Rudolph I. Mintz Wilmington 

1962 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

John W. Clark Franklinville 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro 

1964 

G. N. Noble Trenton 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Reid A. Maynard_„_ Burlington 



*Term expires July 1, of year indicated. 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 317 

1966 

Virginia T. Lathrop Asheville 

Victor S. Bryant Durham 

Mrs. Rosa B. Parker Albemarle 

HONORARY MEMBERS 

John L. Morehead Rye, N. Y. 

John Sprunt Hill Durham 

EX-OFFICIO 

Luther H. Hodges, Governor Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, State Superintendent of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 

SECRETARY TO THE BOARD 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Miss Billie Curtis, Assistant Chapel Hill 

1961 

Wade Barber Pittsboro Chatham 

Frank H. Brown, Jr Cullowhee Jackson 

Victor S. Bryant Durham Durham 

John W. Clark Franklinville Randolph 

W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids Halifax 

Floyd Crouse Sparta Alleghany 

Horton Doughton Statesville Iredell 

A. C. Edwards Hookerton Greene 

Henry A. Foscue High Point Guilford 

R. G. Stovall Roxboro Person 

Dr. L. J. Herring Wilson Wilson 



318 NOKTil CAltULlAA Ma.N LAL 

Mrs. J. B. Kittrell Greenville Pitt 

John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton Jones 

Dr. Harvey B. :Mann Lake Landing Hyde 

C. Knox Massey Durham Durham 

Reid A. Maynard Burlington Alamance 

Glenn C. Palmer Clyde Haywood 

Edwin S. Pou Raleigh Wake 

Mrs. Grace T. Rodenbough Walnut Cove Stokes 

A. Alex Shuford, Jr Hickory Catawba 

Dr. L. H. Swindell Washington Beaufort 

Mrs. Charles Tillett Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Carl V. Venters Jacksonville Onslow 

J. Shelton Wicker Sanford Lee 

Dr. Roy B. McNight Charlotte Mecklenburg 



1963 

Mrs. Oscar Barker Durham Durham 

Mrs. Mary Mclver Stanford Chapel Hill Orange 

Irwin Belk Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Mitchell Britt Warsaw Duplin 

Mrs. Mebane H. Burgwyn Jackson Northampton 

Sam N. Clark, Jr Tarboro Edgecombe 

T. J. Collier Bayboro Pamlico 

A. Roy Cox Asheboro Randolph 

Eugene Cross __ Marion McDowell 

Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount Edgecombe 

O. Max Gardner, Jr Shelby Cleveland 

Herman Weil Goldsboro Wayne 

George Watts Hill Durham Durham 

John H. Kerr, Jr Warrenton Warren 

M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill Greene 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro Guilford 

D. L. McMichael Madison Rockingham 

Rudolph I. :\Iintz .Wilmington New Hanover 

Thomas O. Moore Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson Pender 

Mrs. B. C. Parker -Albemarle Stanly 

Thomas Turner Greensboro Guilford 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 319 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill Orange 

Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern Craven 

Macon M. Williams Lenoir Caldwell 



1965 

H. L. Riddle Jr Morganton Burke 

Dr. John C. Tayloe Washington Beaufort 

Mrs. Emily H. Preyer Greensboro Guilford 

Larry I. Moore Wilson Wilson 

H. P. Taylor Wadesboro Anson 

Marshall Y. Cooper Henderson Vance 

Kemp B. Nixon Lincolnton Lincoln 

John P. Stedman — Lumberton Robeson 

Calvin Graves Winston-Salem Forsyth 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro Wayne 

Cameron S. Weeks Tarboro Edgecombe 

F. E. Wallace Kinston Lenoir 

Clarence L. Pemberton Yanceyville Caswell 

A. B. Smith, Jr — Dunn Harnett 

Mrs. George Wilson Fayetteville Cumberland 

Mrs. Albert H. Lathrop Asheville Buncombe 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage Moore 

James L. Pittman Scotland Neck Halifax 

Roy Rowe Burgaw Pender 

Thomas J. Pearsall — Rocky Mount Nash 

Dr. John Gilmer Mebane Rutherfordton Rutherford 

C. Lacy Tate Chadbourn Columbus 

Dr. Jesse B. Caldwell Gastonia Gaston 

Dr. Francis A. Buchanan.- Hendersonville Henderson 

Lenox G. Cooper Wilmington New Hanover 



10«7 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh Wake 

Mrs. Ed M. Anderson West Jefferson Ashe 

Ike F. Andrews Siler City Chatham 



320 North Carolina Manual 

Wm. C. Barfield Wilmington New Hanover 

Mrs. Nancy Hall Copeland_..Murfreesboro Hertford 

Frank H. Crowell Lincolnton Lincoln 

Percy B. Ferebee Andrews Cherokee 

Bowman Gray - Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Herbert Hardy Maury Greene 

Wm. B. Harrison Rocky Mount Nash 

J. Frank Husklns Burnsville Yancey 

Mack Jernigan Dunn Harnett 

George N. Noble - Trenton Jones 

Ernest E. Parker, Jr Southport Brunswick 

Frank Parker Asheville Buncombe 

Claude W. Rankin Fayetteville Cumberland 

T. Henry Redding Asheboro Randolph 

Mrs. Dillard Reynolds Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Wm. P. Saunders- Southern Pines Moore 

Evander S. Simpson Smithfield Johnston 

Walter L. Smith -Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Dr. Shahane Taylor Greensboro Guilford 

Thomas B. Upchurch, Jr Raeford Hoke 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro Guilford 

Hil-l Yarborough Louisburg Franklin 



NORTH CAROLINA VOCATIONAL TEXTILE SCHOOL 

1943, c. 806; G. S. 115-255.1 

Composition: Seven members. One Ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

J. Warren Smith, Director of Vocational Education, 

Ex-officio Raleigh 

J. Harold Lineberger, Chairman Belmont 

Otis M. Mull Shelby 

Alex W. Bell -__Mount Holly 

J. C. Cowan, Jr Greensboro 

W. B. Shuford Hickory 

Claude C. Dawson, Secretary Cramerton 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 321 

AVESTERX CAROLINA COLLEGE, CULLOWHEE 

1025, (. 270; 1929, c. 251; 1951, c. 1167; 195;$, c. 1282; 
1957, c. 1142; G. S. lir>-4(> 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

Philip Woolcott, Chairman Asheville 

E. J. Whitmire — Franklin 

J. Ramsey Buchanan Sylva 

H. A. Helder Canton 

Charles F. Gold Raleigh 

James J. Harris Charlotte 

Frank C. Watson Spruce Pine 

W. H. McDonald Tryon 

Mrs. Robert Russell Asheville 

Mrs. Dan K. Moore Sylva 

Arnold J. Hyde _ Asheville 

R. Guy Sutton Robbinsville 



EDUCATIONAL (Negro) 

THE NEGRO AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE 
OF NORTH CAROLINA, GREENSBORO 

Rev., s. 422;J; 1891, c. 549, s. 4; 1899, c. 389, ss. 2, 3; 1939, c. 65, 
s. 4; 1943, e. 132; 1957, c. 1142; C. S. 5828; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the General Assembly. 

Robert H. Frazier, Chairman Greensboro 

George Sockwell, Vice-Chairman Gibsonville 

Robert P. Holding Smithfielfl 

A. H. Brett Winton 

James A. Graham -Raleigh 

E. E. Wadell Albemarle 

H. A. Scott Haw River 

W. B. Wicker Sanford 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 

J. Wilson Alexander Huntersville 



322 Noirni Cakoi.ixa MwrAi. 

E. R. Merrick Durham 

Dr. Murray Davis High Point 

Warmotli T. Gibbs, Secretary Greensboro 

EliTZAIJETH ( ITV STATE TEA( HP^RS (OI.LEGE, 
ELIZABETH ( ITV 

1921, c. (il; 1!)25, (. JiOG, s, O; 1!)57, »•. 1142; G. S. 110-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

J. W. Davis, Chairman Edenton 

J. C. Abbott Elizabeth City 

Roland L. Garrett -Elizabeth City 

A. Pilston Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Albert G. Byrum___ Edenton 

McDonald Dixon Elizabeth City 

Martin L. Wilson — Selma 

O. R. Symons Elizabeth City 

Herbert Hardy Snow Hill 

Dr. Clifford Jones Elizabeth City 

A. J. Jones Tillery 

FAYETTEVILLE STATE TEA( HEKS COLLEGE, 
FAYETTEVILLE 

1J»21, V. 01; 1J)25, c. 306, .s. 9; 1957, t. 1142; (i. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

John H. Cook, Chairman Fayetteville 

Gurney E. Edgerton, Vice-Chairman — Fayetteville 

Dr. W. P. DeVane Fayetteville 

Victor Dawson Fayetteville 

Dr. C. W. Furlonge — Smithlield 

R. J. Hester Elizabethtown 

W. E. Horner Sanford 

Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Emil Rosenthal Goldsboro 

Albert Ellis — Jacksonville 

Walter Baker Raeford 

Ed L. White Pine Level 



G0VF.l!.NMi:.\T.VL BoAKDS AM) COMMISSIONS 323 

NORTH ( AKOLIXA COLLEGE AT 1)1 HHA.M 

1<)2.1, «. ;J0(>, s. !> (ji); 1<>;{!), f. (J5, s. 4; 1!)47, «. ISO; 
l!»o7, V. 1 142; ii. S. 1 l(i-4<i 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

Marshall T. Spears, Sr., Chairman Durham 

Bascom Baynes, Vice-Chairman Durham 

Dr. J. M. Hubbard, Sr., Secretary Durham 

Dr. J. W. Black Rocky Mount 

Welch Harris High Point 

Ida Duncan Reidsville 

Dillard Teer Durham 

Edwin Jones, Sr Charlotte 

Hanes Lassiter — Charlotte 

John G. Clark Greenville 

Dr. W. W. Pierson Chapel Hill 

Clyde A. Shreve Summerfield 

THE COLORED ORPHANAGE OF NORTH CAROI.INA, 

OXFORD 

1887, c. 47; 1!)27, v. 162; G. S. 116-13!) 

Composition: Thirteen members. Five appointed by the Gover- 
nor and eight under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Dr. R. L. Noblin Oxford 

M. S. Currin, Secretary-Treasurer Oxford 

B. K. Lassiter Oxford 

W. T. Yancey Oxford 

N. W. Weldon Oxford 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Dr. E. E. Toney, Chairman Oxford 

R. L. Shepard Oxford 

S. B. Simmons Greensboro 

L. E. Austin Durham 

Dr. G. D. Carnes Wilmington 

Dr. J. W. Seabrook Faycttcville 

Dr. P. A. Bishop Rich Sciuare 

W. T. Johnson Greensboro 



324 North Carolina Manual 

THE STATK SCHOOL FOR THE IJLIXD 
AND THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Hcv. 418S; Code s. 2228; 1«!M», ««. .Jll, .■>4(»; IJMU, v. 707; 1!H)5, 
c. «7; 1!)25, c. 306; ss. 10, 1:5, J4; ( . S. rtHlii; G. S. 110-100 

Composition : Eleven members appointed by tlie Governor. 

Carroll W. Weathers, Chairman Winston-Salem 

George R. Bennette Greensboro 

Charles P. Gaskins Greenville 

Mrs. Julian B. Hutaff Fayetteville 

Mrs. Larry B. Pate New Bern 

James L. Penland Asheville 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

Gilbert Peel, Jr Charlotte 

Claude Teague Chapel Hill 

James Webb Greensboro 

Mrs. Homer Wright, Jr Leaksville 



THE WINSTON-SALEM TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
WIXSTON-SALEM 

1921, 0. 61; 1025, c. 306, s. 9; 1957, c. 1142; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

Thomas Winfield Blackwell, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Thomas B. Rice, Vice-Chairman Winston-Salem 

Dr. Rufus S. Hairston, Secretary Winston-Salem 

Bert L. Bennett Winston-Salem 

Clark S. Brown Winston-Salem 

L. D. Long Reynolda 

N. L. Dillard Yanceyville 

F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 

John Hough Leaksville 

Ralph M. Stockton, Jr Winston-Salem 

Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville 

H. D. Townsend Lexington 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 325 

HOSl»ITALS ( WHITE ) 

BUTNER THAIMNG S< HOOIj, BUTNER 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 186; G. S. 122-7 

CASWELL TRAIMXG S( HOOL, KIXSTOX 

1»21, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1945, c. 925, s. 1; 
C. S, 6159 (a) ; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

THE NORTH CAROLINA ( EREBRAL PALSY HOSPITAL, 

DURHAM 

1945, c. 504; 1953, c. 893; G. S. 131-128 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Thomas O'Berry, Chairman Goldsboro 

F. S. Barker Raleigh 

Dr. Russell :\I. Grumman Chapel Hill 

Dr. Ellen Winston Raleigh 

George Hughes Pollocksville 

Dr. W. M. Roberts - Gastonia 

Forrest Waller Kinston 

James M. White Raleigh 

Miss Grizzelle M. Norfleet Winston-Salem 

THE MOSES H. CONE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, 
GREENSBORO 

Composition: Fifteen members. Eight members appointed by 
Mrs. Moses H. Cone, three members appointed by the Governor. 

Officers: 

Benjamin Cone, President Greensboro 

Joseph T. Martin. Vice-President Greensboro 

Howard Holderness, Treasurer Greensboro 

Thomas F. Williams, Assistant Treasurer Greensboro 



326 NOIMII CAltOl.l.NA Ma.xlal 

Trustees: 

Claud B. Bowen Greensboro 

Ceasar Cone Greensboro 

Mrs. Julius W. Cone Greensboro 

James A. Doggett Greensboro 

Charles A. Hines .^Greensboro 

Joseph T. Martin Greensboro 

Roger A. McDuffie Greensboro 

L. P. McLendon Greensboro 

Miss Mereb E. Mossman -Greensboro 

James R. Townsend Greensboro 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro 

Dr. Wllburt C. Davidson -__Durham 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro 

Harold L. Bettis, Secretary and Director Greensboro 



NORTH CAHOLIXA ORTHOPEDIC HOSIMTAL, GASTOMA 
1917, c. im), s. 4; C. S. 7254; G. S. 131-4 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

George Blanton, Chairman Shelby 

W. Frank Dowd, President Charlotte 

W. L. Balthis, Treasurer Gastonia 

W. Frank Phillips, Secretary -- Charlotte 

Helen Kaiser Durham 

B. C. Trotter, Jr Charlotte 

J. Harold Lineberger Belmont 

Mrs. O. Max Gardner Washington 

Mrs. C. Gordon Maddrey Ahoskie 



Governmental Boards and Coai:missioxs 327 

NOHTH CAROLIXA SAXATOHIIMS FOH THK 
TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS 

BLACK MOUNTAIN, McUAIX, WILSON AND ( HAI'EL HILL 

1907, <. !K)4: Ex. session I!) Li, <. 40, s. 1; IJ)2:J, re. !»(>, 127; 

102.-), c. ;J0(>, s. 12; lO.'Jo, <•. 01, ss. 2, ti; 10,J.->, <. l;JS; 

10;J0, c. ;i2.">; G. S. 131-02 

Composition: One Ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by 
the Governoi'. 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, Ex-offlcio Raleigh 

Carl C. Council, Chairman Durham 

O. Arthur Kirkman, Vice-Chairman High Point 

Paul S. Cragan Sanford 

L. L. Love Andrews 

Charles A. Cannon Concord 

P. K. Gravely = Rocky Mount 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Southern Pines 

Mrs. Roy Parker -Ahoskie 

Dr. M. A. Pittman Wilson 

Dr. W. G. Suiter Wilson 

Hardy Talton Pikeville 

J. L. McNeill -Raeford 



STATE HOSPITAL AT BUTXER 
1947, V. 5:57; ii. S. 122-1 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, 0. 130; ii. S. 122-7 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORGAXTON 
1921, s. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 300, s. 3; 1947, «. 537; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 130; (i. S. 122-7 



328 NoiM H Cakoi.i.na Mamial 

STATE HOSI'ITAL AT HALKIGH 
1!>21, <. !«;{, s. 2; 1 U.J.I, v. 300; s. :i; 1!)47, v. 5.J7; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 180; G. S. 122-7 

HOSPITALS (XEGKO) 

GOLDSBOHO TKAIXI.NG SCHOOL, GOLDSBOKO 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

STATE HOSPITAL AT GOLDSBORO , 

1921, s. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

NORTH CAROLINA CONFEDERATE INSTITUTION 

Woman's Home at Fajetteville 
1913, c. 62; ( . S. 5135; G, S. 112-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. E. R. McKeithan, Chairman Fayetteville 

Chas. G. Rose. Jr., Secretary Fayetteville 

Mrs. John D. Boyd Fayetteville 

A. F. Hughes Yanceyville 

Mrs. R. Grady Johnson Burgaw 

Mrs. J. F. McGill_^__ Fayetteville 

Mrs. H. L. Stevens, Jr Warsaw 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 329 

EXAMINING BOARDS 



STATE BOARD OF 
( ERTIPIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT EXAMINERS 

1913, c. 157; 1925, c. 261, s. 11; 1989, r. 21; 1951, c. 844; 
C. S. 7008; G. S, 9;M2 

Composition: Four members appointed by the Governor. 

R. Glenn Snipes, President Asheville 

Sydney H. Shaw. Vice-President Rocky Mount 

John B. Dickinson, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

Harry R. Borthwick Winston-Salem 

Katharine D. Guthrie, Administrative Secretary Chapel Hill 



NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF ARCHITECTURE 
1915, c. 270, s. 1; 1957, c. 794; C. S. 4986; G. S. 88-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

John Erwin Ramsay, President Salisbury 

Leon McMinn, Vice-President Greensboro 

James W. Griffith, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Greenville 

S. Porter Graves Charlotte 

Shannon Meriwether Tryon 

Ross Shumaker, Executive Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS 
1929, c. 119, s. 6; G. S. 86-6 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. M. Cheek, Chairman High Point 

Guy F. Adams Spencer 

C. T. Land ^ Rockv Mount 



330 Ndimii Cai;(u.i\.\ ^M.wrAi, 

sr.\rK IJO.AHI) OF ( HIHOI'ODV EXAMIXKHS 

1!)!!), <. 7«, s. ;J; <". S. (JTO.l; (i. S. !M)-1J)0 

Composition: 'riiree members appointed by the North Carolina 
Pedic Association. 

Dr. Charles Darby, President Statesville 

Dr. R. W. Geichell, Secretary-Treasurer Goldsboro 

Dr. Basil M. Tucker Leaksville 

AOKTH ( AHOIJXA STATK li()ARI> OF 
( H I HOPHACTIC EXAM I X EKS 

1!>17, «. 78, s. 1; 1J)8;J, (. 442, s. 1 ; ( , S. «71 1 ; (i. S. m)-140 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. W. O. Briens, President Hickory 

Dr. S. S. Stephenson, Vice-President Wilmington 

Dr. Carl H. Peters, Secretary-Treasurer Rocky Mount 

XOKTH CAKOJJXA Li( KNSIXG 150AKD FOR CONTKACTOKS 
1925, c. ;J18, s, 2; G. S. 87-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

R. D. Beam, Chairman Raleigh 

E. G. Singletary, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

Roy L. Goode Charlotte 

R. A. Bryan -Goldsboro 

N. K. Dickerson, Jr Monroe 

James M. Wells, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

XOKTH CAKOLIXA STATE BOAHI) OF 
COSMETIC ART EXAMIXERS 

1»88, c. 17J); IJK'Jo, v. 54, s. 2; G. S. 88-13 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

James A. Henderson, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Zada Noe, Vice-Chairman Beaufort 

Mrs. Eleanor Wallace, Secretary Durham 

Mrs. Catherine Munn, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



Governmental Boakds and Commissions 331 

STATE liOARn OF DENTAL EXAMINERS 

187!), c. l;J!); 1015, (. 178; iUlir>, c. 6fi, s. 1; (i. S. !M)-22 

Composition: Six members elected by the Society and commis- 
sioned bv the Governor. 



Dr 
Dr 
Dr 
Dr 
Dr 



. S. W. Shaffer, Presideirt Greensboro 

. J. H. Giiion, Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

. Wade H. Breeland Belmont 

. G. Shuford Abernethy Hickory 

. S. L. Bobbitt Raleigh 



Horace K. Thompson Wilmington 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF ELECTRK AL ( ONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 87, s. 1; G. S. 87-80 

Composition: Five members, three appointed by the Governor, 
two Ex-officio. 

N. E. Cannady, Chairman Oxford 

W. A. Darden, Vice-Chairman Greenville 

R. J. Pearsall Raleigh 

E. C. Peele Burlington 

W. W. Hanks Charlotte 

Elizabeth E. Anderson, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

XORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF EMBALMERS 
AND FUNERAL DIRECTORS 

R«v. 4881; 1001, c. 888, ss. 1, 2, 3; 1081, c. 174; 1045, c. J)8, s. 1; 
1040, (. 051, s. 1; (\ S. 6777; G. S. J)0-208 

Composition: Seven members elected by The North Carolina 
Funeral Directors and Burial Association, Inc. 

J. T. Pugh, Jr., President Asheboro 

Winston E. Montgomery, Vice-President __Durham 

Clifford H. Brown, Secretary Kannapolis 

Willis H. Groce _Asheville 

Bonner Paul W^ashington 

J. Ed Needham - Pilot Mountain 

Furman J. Honeycutt Clinton 

Clyde O. Robinson, Executive Secretary : Raleigh 



332 NoiMii Cakoi.ina Mamal 

STATE nOAKI) OF KEGlSTIiATIOV FOH 
I'ltOKKSSIOXAL ENGIXKKHS AM) LAM) SIRVEVORS 

1!»21, c. 1, s. ;i; V. S. «055(<1); (;. S. «J)-;J 

Composition: Five members appointed by tlie Governor. 

Arvin Page, Chairman Winston-Salem 

John D. Watson, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

Robert B. Rice, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Louis E. Wooten, Sr Raleigh 

Grady S. Harrell Shannon 

XOKTH CAKOLIXA BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS 

lJ);j;J, c. 210, s. 10; c. 331; 1J»35, (c. 33, 61; 1941, c. 344, s. 6; 

G. S. 84-24 

Composition: Seven members elected by the Council of the 
N. C. State Bar. 

L. R. Varser, Chairman Lumberton 

George B. Greene Kinston 

Kingsland Van Winkle Asheville 

L. T. Hartsell, Jr Concord 

Buxton Midyette Jackson 

Thomas H. Leath Rockingham 

Arch K. Schoch High Point 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

XORTH CAROLIXA LIBRARY CERTIFK'ATIOX BOARD 
1955, c. 505; G. S. 125-9 

Composition: Four members consisting of State Librarian, the 
Dean of the School of Library Science of the University of North 
Carolina, President N. C. Library Association and one librarian 
appointed by the Executive Board of the North Carolina Library 
Association. 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Hughey. State Librarian, Chairman Raleigh 

Lucile Kelling Henderson, School of Library Science 

The University of North Carolina, Secretary Chapel Hill 

Mrs. G. A. Palmer, Jr., N. C. Library Association Spencer 

Elizabeth Copeland Greenville 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 333 

STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev. s. 4492; Code, s. 3128; 1858-J), o. 258, ss. 3, 4; Extra 
Session 1921, o. 44, s, 1; C. S. (J(5<K»; G. S. 90-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the North Carolina 
Medical Society. 

Dr. Thomas W. Baker, President Charlotte 

Dr. Joseph J. Combs, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Dr. L. Randolph Doffermyre Dunn 

Dr. J. B. Anderson Asheville 

Dr. Carl V. Tyner — Leaksville 

Dr. Thomas G. Thurston Salisbury 

Dr. Edwin A. Rasberry, Jr Wilson 

NORTH CAROLINA ROARD OP 
NURSE REGISTRATION AND NURSING EDUCATION 

1917, c. 17; 1925, c. 87; 1931, v. 50; 1953, v. 1199; C. S. 6729; 

G. S. 90-158; 90-171.1 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor. 

Louise Harkey, R. N., Chairman Concord 

Dr. Moir S. Martin, Vice-Chairman Mount Airy 

Bessie P. Burgess Durham 

Mrs. Priscilla D. Ballance, R. N Wilson 

Joyce Warren, R. N Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Lillian D. James, R. N Hamlet 

J. Lyman Melvin Rocky Mount 

J. Grayson Brothers Morganton 

Mrs. Dorothy E. Woods Durham 

Mrs. Lura K. Davis Waynesville 

Mrs. Mae Adams Beard, L. P. N Goldsboro 

Dr. Louten R. Hedgpeth Lumberton 

Vivian M. Culver, R. N., Executive Secretary Raleigh 



334 iN'oKiH Cakoi.ima Mam Ai. 

NOIMH < AI{()I>IXA STATE HOAHl) OF OrTKTAXS 
lJ)r>l, c. 1080; G. S. «H)-2;{« 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Frank McBryde. President Fayette ville 

H. L. Ridgeway, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

W. B. Fluharty, Jr Asheville 

John W. Southerland High Point 

Robert R. Albertson Fayetteville 



NOUTH ( AHOLIXA STATE BOARD OF 
EXAMINERS IN OPTOMETRY 

190<>, <•. 444, s. ii; 1915, c. 21, s. 1; 1J)35, c. 63; 
('. S. 6689; G. S. 90-1 10 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. John D. Constabile, President Wilson 

Dr. Kenneth W. Ramsey, Secretary-Treasurer Marion 

Dr. James S. Bailey Charlotte 

Dr. C. Ray Lawrence -Boone 

Dr. John T. High Rocky Mount 



NORTH C AROI.INA STATE HOARD OF 
OSTEOPATHIC EXAMIXATIOX AND REGISTRATION 

1907, c. 764, s. 1; 1913, c. 92, s. 1; 1937, c. 301, .s. 1; 
C. S. 6701; G. S. 90-130 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 
Richard C. Baker, President Rockingham 

Dr. Joseph H. Huff, Secretary-Treasurer Burlington 

Dr. S. D. Foster__-_ Asheville 

Dr. Guy T. Funk Winston-Salem 

Dr. Monroe E. Beverly Winston-Salem 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 335 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF THARMACY 
Rev., s. 4473; 1$)05, c. !<)«, ss. 5, 7; ('. S. 6652; (J. S. !M)-5o 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Roger A. McDuftie, President Greensboro 

Robert N. Watson, Vice-President Sanford 

Frank W. Dayvault Lenoir 

W. Moss Salley, Jr Asheville 

N. O. McDowell, Jr Scotland Neck 

H. C. McAllister, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

STATE EXAMINING COMMITTEE OF 
PHYSICAL THERAPISTS 

1951, <•. 1131; G. S. 90-257 

Composition: Five members appointed by tlie Governor. 

Ann M. Parrish, Chairman Raleigh 

Margaret Moore, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Dr. G. Erick Bell Winston-Salem 

Routh P. Dixon Henderson 

Edith M. Vail Winston-Salem 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF 
PLUMBING AND HEATING CONTRACTORS 

1931, c. 52, s. 1; 1933, c. 57; 1939, c. 224, s. 1; (J. S. 87-16 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

W. H. Sullivan, Chairman Greensboro 

L. L. Vaughan, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

H. G. Baity Chapel Hill 

C. C. Davis Wilmington 

R. H. Haley Charlotte 

J. M. Lee, Jr Durham 

W. F. Morrison, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



336 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAHOLINA REAL ESTATE LICENSING BOARD 
l!»57, t. 744; G. S. J);{A-;i 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Kenneth R. Smith, Chairman Raleigh 

H. E. Isenhour, Vice-Chairman Salisbury 

W. B. Harrison - — Rocky Mount 

J. Bart Hall Belmont 

D. R. Foster Kinston 

R. Harry Lewis, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OP REFRIGERATION EXAMINERS 
1955, c. 912; G. S. 87-52 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

E. T. Chanlett, Chairman Chapel Hill 

C. V. Stevens, Secretary Salisbury 

Walter H. Jones, Treasurer Raleigh 

K. P. Hanson Raleigh 

P. B. Mayo -Asheville 

G. A. Brickie Wilmington 

James A. Dean, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



NORTH CAROLINA STRUCTURAL PEST CONTROL 

COMMISSION 

1955, c. 1017; G. S. 106-65.23 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Clyde F. Smith, Chairman Raleigh 

D. L. Wray Raleigh 

T. M. Gunn— Charlotte 

Walter H. Wilson Winston-Salem 

John L. Reitzel, Secretary Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 337 

NORTH CAROLINA IJOAKD OF 
VETERINARY MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev., s. 5432; 190;J, c. 503, s. 2; C. S. 6755; G. S. 90-180 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. George Armstrong, President Charlotte 

Dr. J. C. Bateman, Vice-President Greenville 

Dr. J. I. Cornvi^ell, Secretary-Treasurer Asheville 

C. B. Randall Kinston 

F. C. Coates Reidsville 



STATE OWNED RAILROADS 

ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA RAILROADS 

Directors: 

Judson G. Crawford, Sr Greenville 

W. G. Crawford Goldsboro 

R. M. Kermon — Wilmington 

George Akers Moore, Jr Raleigh 

J. F. Oglesby — Kinston 

Robert L. Stallings, Jr New Bern 

Dan E. Taylor Sea Level 

George R. Wallace Morehead City 

Henry Getjen Norfolk 

H. S. Gibbs Morehead City 

Harold Maxwell New Bern 

George W. Ipock Ernul 

Officers: 

George Akers Moore, Jr., President — Raleigh 

Judson H. Blount, Sr Greenville 

G. Paul LaRoque, Secretary-Treasurer Kinston 

NORTH CAROIilNA RAILROAD 

Directors: 

Ralph Scott — Burlington 

LeRoy Martin Raleigh 



338 NdiMH Cakoi.i.na Ma.xual 

W. M. Russ Raleigh 

Alexander Webb Raleigh 

John M. Morehead New York, N. Y. 

Anne Burwell Warrenton 

Mrs. W. E. Tomlinson Thomasville 

Harry Vanderlinden Hickory 

John Haworth — High Point 

Reginald Harris Roxboro 

Walter Lee Horton Raleigh 

Charles Brady Salisbury 

Officers: 

John M. Morehead, President New York, N. Y. 

W. M. Russ, Vice-President Raleigh 

Edwin S. Pou, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Milton Abbott, Assistant Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Harley B. Gaston, Attorney Belmont 

Ray Byerly, Expert Sanford 



PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 
NORTH CAROLINA— SESSION 1957 

Officers and Members of the Senate 

OFFICERS 

Luther E. Barnhardt President Concord 

Robert F. Morgan President pro tem Shelby 

S. Ray Byerly Principal Clerk San ford 

W. Eugene Simmons Reading Clerk Tarboro 

Herman Scott Sergeant-at-Arms Chapel Hill 

SENATORS 
(Alphabetically Arranged) 
Name District Party Address 

Alford, Dallas L., Jr Sixth Democrat Rocky Mount 

Andrews, Ike F Thirteenth Democrat Siler City 

Bason, Sam M Fifteenth Democrat Yancey ville 

Bell, J. Spencer Twentieth Democrat Matthews 

Blackburn, Charles F Third Democrat Henderson 

Canipe, Albert .Thirtieth Democrat Spruce Pine 

Cooke, Frank Patton Twenty-sixth Democrat Gastonia 

Copeland, J. William First Democrat Murfreesboro 

Crew, W. Lunsford Fourth Democrat Roanoke Rapids 

Currie, Claude Fourteenth Democrat Durham 

Currie, Wilbur H Twelfth Democrat Carthage 

Davis, Archie K Twenty-second Democrat Winston-Salem 

Duncan, Edwin Twenty-ninth Democrat Sparta 

♦Folger, Fred Twenty-third .Democrat Mt. Airy 

Forsyth, W. Frank Thirty-third Democrat Murphy 

Frink, S. Bunn .Tenth Democrat Southport 

Garrison, W. E Twenty-fifth Democrat Lincoln ton 

Garriss, Garland S Eighteenth Democrat Troy 

Hamilton, Luther, Sr Seventh Democrat Morehead City 

Hancock, Wills Fourteenth Democrat Oxford 

Henkel, C. V Twenty-fifth Democrat Turnersburg 

Humber, Robert Lee Fifth Democrat Greenville 

Jolly, Wilbur M Sixth Democrat Louisburg 

Jordan, John R., Jr Thirteenth Democrat Raleigh 

Kesler, John C Twenty-first Democrat Salisbury 

Kirkman. O. Arthur Seventeenth Democrat High Point 

Lackey, W. Ray Twenty-eighth Democrat Stony Point 

Lanier, Edwin S Sixteenth Democrat Chapel Hill 

Medford. William Thirty-second Democrat Waynes ville 

Mercer, Grady Ninth Democrat Beula ville 

Monroe, Alex S Eighteenth .Democrat Rockingham 

Moore, Cutlar Eleventh Democrat Lumberton 

Morgan. Robert B Twelfth Democrat Lillington 

Morgan, Robert F Twenty-seventh Democrat Shelby 

Peel, Elbert S., Jr Second Democrat Williamston 

Reavis, Charles G Twenty-fourth Republican Yadkin ville 

Rose, Dr. D. J Eighth Democrat Goldsboro 

Ross, Ernest W Twenty-seventh Democrat Marion 

Rutledg^e, J. Carlyle Twenty-first Democrat Kannapolis 

Shelton, Henry G Fourth Democrat Speed 

Simpkins, James O Seventh Democrat New Bern 

Stikeleather. James G., Jr Thirty-first Democrat Asheville 

Thomas, J. Max Nineteenth Democrat Marsh ville 

Thomason, B. W Thirty-second Democrat Brevard 

Warren, Lindsay C Second Democrat Washington 

Whitley, Adam J., Jr Eighth Democrat Smithfield 

Williams, Staton P Nineteenth Democrat Albemarle 

Williamson, Arthur W Tenth Democrat Cerro Gordo 

Winslow, J. Emmett .First Democrat Hertford 

Yow, Cicero P Ninth Democrat Wilmington 



'Resigned April 20, 1959. Succeeded by George K. Snow of Mt. Airy. 

341 



342 NoHTii C.VKoi.i.NA .Mamai, 

SENATORS 

Arranged by Districts 

(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District — Name Address 

1st — J. William Copeland Murfreesboro 

1st — J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

2nd— Elbert S. Peel, Jr Williamston 

2nd — Lindsay C. Warren Washington 

3rd — Charles F. Blackburn Henderson 

4th — W. Lunsford Crew Roanke Rapids 

4th — Henry G. Shelton Speed 

5th — Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

6th— Dallas L. Alford, Jr Rocky Mount 

fith — Wilbur M. Jolly Louisburg 

7th — Luther Hamilton, Sr Morehead City 

7th — James O. Simpkins New Bern 

8th— Dr. D. J. Rose Goldsboro 

8th— Adam J. Whitley, Jr Smithfield 

9th — Grady Mercer Beulaville 

9th--Cicero P. Yow Wilmington 

10th — S. Bunn Frink Southport 

10th — Arthur W. Williamson Cerro Gordo 

11th — Cutlar Moore Lumberton 

12th— Wilbur H. Currie Carthage 

12th — Robert B. Morgan Lillington 

13th — Ike F. Andrews Siler City 

13th — John R. Jordan, Jr Raleigh 

14th — Claude Currie Durham 

14th— Wills Hancock Oxford 

15th — Sam M. Bason Yancevville 

16th — Edv/in S. Lanier Chapel Hill 

17th — O. Arthur Kirkman High Point 

18th — Garland S. Garriss Troy 

18th — Alex S. Monroe Rockingham 

19th— J. Max Thomas Marshville 

19 th — Staton P. Williams Albemarle 

20th — J. Spencer Bell Matthews 

21st — John C. Kesler Salisbury 

21st— J. Carlyle Rutledge Kannapolis 

22nd — Archie K. Davis Winston-Salem 

23rd — *Fred Folger Mt. Airy 

24th— Charles G. Reavis (R) Yadkinville 

25th — W. E. Garrison Lincolnton 

25th — C. V. Henkel Turnersburg 

26th — Frank Patton Cooke Gastonia 

27th — Ernest W. Ross Marion 

27th— Robert F. Morgan Shelby 

28th — W. Ray Lackey Stony Point 

29th — Edwin Duncan Sparta 

30th Albert Canipe Spruce Pine 

31st — James G Stikeleather, Jr. Asheville 

32nd -B. W. Thomason Brevard 

32nd— B. W. Thomson Brevard 

33rd— W. Frank Forsyth Murphy 



♦Resigned April 20, 1959. Succeeded by George K. Snow of Mt. Airy. 



Sexatf. 343 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 
OF THE SENATE 

1959 

Powers and Duties of the President 

1. The President shall take the chair at the hour fixed by law 
or at the time fixed by the Senate upon adjournment on the pre- 
ceding legislative day, and shall call the members to order. 

2. It shall be the duty of the President, upon order being ob- 
tained, to have the Sessions of the Senate opened with prayer. 

3. In the absence of the President, the President pro tempore 
shall reconvene the Senate and preside, and during such time 
shall be vested with all powers of the President except that of 
casting a vote in case of tie when he shall have voted as a Senator. 
And in the event of the absence of the President and President 
pro tempore at any time fixed for the reconvening of the Senate, 
the Principal Clerk of the Senate, or in his absence also, some 
member of the Senate Committee on Rules, shall call the Senate 
to order and designate some member to act as President. 

4. Aftr the prayer, and upon appearance of a quorum, the 
President shall cause the Journal of the preceding day to be read 
and approved, unless the Chairman of the Committee on Journal 
or some member of the Senate by motion sustained by a majority 
of the members present, have the reading thereof dispensed with 
and the same approved as written. 

5. The President shall preserve order and decorum and proceed 
with the business of the Senate according to the rules adopted. 
He shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal to the 
Senate by anj^ member, on which appeal no member shall speak 
more than once unless by leave of the Senate. A two-thirds vote 
of the members present shall be necessary to sustain any appeal 
from the ruling of the Chair. 

6. All questions for a vote shall be put as follows: "Those in 
favor say 'Aye'," and after the atfirniative vote is t'xpressed — 
"Opposed 'No'." After which the President will announce the re- 
sult. If a division on any vote is desired, it must be called for im- 
mediately before the result of the voting is announced on any 
question, and upon such call, the President shall require the mem- 



344 NoiMii ("ai;(ii.i.\a Ma.mak 

bcrs to stand and be counted for and against any proposition 
under consideration. 

7. Tlie ayes and noes may be called for on any question before 
the vote is taken, and if tlie call is sustained by one-fifth of the 
Senators present, the roll of the Senate shall be called and the 
ayes and noes taken, and the same shall be entered upon the 
Journal. If a Senator desires the ayes and noes recorded on any 
question, he shall address the Chair and obtain recognition and 
say, "Upon that vote or question I call for the ayes and noes." 
Whereupon the President shall say, "Is the call sustained?" If 
one-fifth of the members present then stand the roll is called and 
the ayes and noes recorded. If less than one-fifth present stands, 
the Chair announces, "An insufficient nunibei' up" and a vira voce 
vote is then taken. 

S. If any question contains several distinct propositions, it shall 
be divided by the President, at the request of any Senator, pro- 
vided each subdivision, if left to itself, shall form a substantive 
proposition. 

J). The President shall have general direction of the Hall of the 
Senate, and in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the 
gallaries or lobbies, he shall have the power to order the same 
cleared. 

10. He shall have the right to call on any member to perform 
the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond 
one day. 

11. Tlie Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, being 
a Constitutional Officer shall not have the I'ight to debate any 
question or to address the Senate upon any proposition unless by 
permission of the majority members present, and shall have the 
right to vote only when there is a tie vote upon any question or 
election. 

12. The President of the Senate, unless he shall have by law 
disqualified himself from that office, shall have the exclusive right 
and authority to appoint all Committees, regular or special, but he 
may delegate said authority in any instance, as he may choose. 

13. All acts, addresses and resolutions, and all warrants and 
subpoenas issued by older of the Senate shall be signed by the 
President. 



Sk.natk 345 

14. The President shall ai)i)oint doorkeepers and pages, and 
such laborers as may be necessary, and shall assign to them their 
duties during sessions, and when not in session they shall be 
under the direction of the Principal Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms, 
to perform such duties as are necessary and proper to the conduct 
of the Senate. 

3.5. No person except members of the Senate, members of thf 
House of Representatives, clerks of the General Assembly, Judges 
of the Supreme and Superior Courts, State Officers, former mem- 
bers of the General Assembly and persons particularly invited 
and extended the privileges of the floor by the President shall be 
admitted to the floor of the Senate during its sessions: I'ruvided. 
that no person except members of the House of Representatives 
and officers of the General Assembly shall be allowed on the floor 
of tlie Senate or in the lobby in the rear of the President's desk, 
unless permitted by the President of the Senate; Provided further, 
no Registered Lobbyist shall be admitted to the floor or any of 
the lobbies of the Senate while the Senate is in Session. 

16. The President of the Senate, in the interest of orderly pro- 
cedure and in order properly to expedite the business of the Sen- 
ate, may refuse to recognize any member for the purpose of 
extending the courtesies of the floor, lobbies or galleries to any 
one or group during any particular order of business, but shall 
recognize such member for said purpose at the close of such order 
of business if he then desires recognition. 

] 7. The President may assign such space or place on the floor 
of the Senate as he desires proper to Reporters desiring to take 
the proceedings of the sessions, provided such does not interfere 
with members of the Senate and its officers and clerks in the per- 
formance of their duties. 

15. Smoking shall not be allowed on the floor or galleries of 
the Senate during sessions: Provided that smoking may be permit- 
ted in the side lobbies and in the loliby in the rear of the Presi- 
dent's desk. 

19. The pages of the Senate shall be responsible to and iiudei- 
the direction of the President at all times when th(> Senate is in 
session, and shall not exceed fourteen in number. They shall re- 
port to the Principal Clerk at other times to be assigned such 
duties as he may direct and shall be under his supervision. 



346 N<n;iii C'akoi.in a AIwiai, 

Order of HusiiH'ss 

20. Aftei- approval of the Joui-iial, the order of business shall 
be as follows: 

(ll Reports ol staiulint; (•onnnittees. 

(2) Reports of select coininittees. 

{ :'> ) Introduction of bills, petitions and resolutions. 

(4) Messages from the House of Representatives. 

( .") I rnfinished business of preceding day. 

( 6 ) Special Orders. 

(7) General Orders — First, local bills on third reading roll call, 
then local bills on second reading roll call. After that the nra 
race second reading local calendar in numerical order, taking up 
the Senate bills in first order. After disposition of the local calen- 
dar, the public calendar of bills will be considered in the same 
order, that is: 

(a) First, third reading roll call bills. 

(b> Second reading roll call bills. 

(c) Second reading bills to be considered rint voce, with Sen- 
ate bills taking precedence in order over House bills. 

I5ut messages from the Governor and House of Representatives 
and communications and reports from State officers and reports 
from the Committee on Engrossed and Enrolled Bills may be 
received and acted on under any order of business. 

21. Any bill or other matter may be taken up out of order 
upon order c^f the President or upon motion sustained by a 
majority of the membership present and voting. 

r(»\v<is .tnd Duties of riiiuipal ( leik 

2 2. The President and the Principal Clerk of the Senate shall 
see that all bills shall be acted upon ])y the Senate in the order in 
which they stand upon the Calendar, unless otherwise ordered 
as hereinafter provided. The Calendar shall include the numbers 
and titles of bills and .ioint resolutions which have passed the 
House of Representatives and have been received by the Senate 
for concurrence. 

I'M. The Principal Clerk shall certify the passage of bills by 
the Senate, with the date thereof, together with the fact whether 



Sk.xatk 347 

passed by vote of three-fifths or two-tliirds of tlie Senate, when- 
ever such vote may be required l)y the Constitution and laws of 
the State. 

24. All neeessai-y supplies and stationery for the Senate, its 
various offices and coniniittees of the Senate shall be purchased 
upon requisition of the Principal Clerk with the approval of the 
President of the Senate. 

25. The office of Engrossing Clerk is discontinued, and the 
duties of that office as heretofore performed by the Engrossing 
Clerk shall devolve upon the Principal Clerk, who is charged with 
the responsibility therefor. 

2 6. The Principal Clerk shall cause the Journal of the Senate 
to be typewritten in duplicate, original and carbon, the original to 
be deposited in the office of the Secretary of State as the record, 
and the other (carbon) copy to be delievered to the State Printer. 

27. All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the 
direct duties connected with the committee to which they are 
assigned, shall report to the Principal Clerk of the Senate and, 
in order to expedite the work of the Senate, shall perform such 
clerical or stenograjjhic work as may be assigned to them. 

Standing Coniniittees 

28. The following committees shall be named by the President 
of the Senate: 

1. Agriculture 

2. Appropriations 

3. Banking 

4. Conservation and Develo])ment 

5. Constitution 

6. Counties, Cities and Towns 

7. Courts and Judicial Districts 

8. Education 

9. Election Laws and Senatorial Districts 

10. Finance 

11. Higher Education 

12. Insurance 

13. Interstate and Federal Relations 

14. Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling, Printing 

15. Judiciary No. 1 



2 2 



3-4S NoiMii Cakoi.in A .Ma.mial 

1 6. Judiciary No. 2 
17. Local Government 

]S. IManufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

19. Mental Institutions 

I'O. Penal Institutions 

-1. I'ropositions and Grievances 

Public Health 

Public Roads 

24. Public Utilities 

2 5. Public Welfare 

26. Retirement, Employment Security 

27. Rules 

25. Salaries and Fees 
29. State Government 
;iO. University Trustees 
•'U. Veterans and Military Affairs 
32. Wildlife 



Joint <'(>niiiiitt<'<-s 

29. The Chairman of the Committee on Education, with the 
approval of the President, shall appoint a sub-committee of three 
members (the first of whom shall be the Chairman) from the 
membership of the Education Committee, to be known and desig- 
nated as the Sub-Committee on Library. 

The Committee on Trustees of the Greater University, the Com- 
mittee on Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling and Printing, and the 
sub-committee on Library, provided for under this rule shall act 
as the joint committees for the Senate. 

29^/2. When any Senate Committee shall sit jointly with the 
House Committee, the Senate Committee reserves the right to 
vote separately from the House Committee. 

30. Membership on standing committees shall consist of not 
more than sixteen Senators, including the Chairman and Vice 
Chairman w^io shall be designated by the President, Provided the 
committee membership on the Committee on Rules, the Commit- 
tee on Appropriations, the Committee on Finance, the Committee 
on Agriculture, the Committee on Roads, the Committee on Con- 
stitution and the Committee on Courts and Judicial Districts 
shall not be limited as to membership but shall be left to the 



Senate 349 

discretion of tlie Lieutenant Governor. Xo Senator shall hold 
mtmbership on more than nine standing comniifteos unless the 
Rules Committee provides otherwise. 

30%. The Senate recognizes that the House of Representatives, 
by adoption of its Rules No. 53 V2. had abrogated G. S. 143-14 
and G. S. 14 3-15 to the extent of the conflict of said Rule with the 
provisions of said sections which heretofore constituted rules of 
each branch of the General Assembly. 

Notwithstanding the inherent riglit of any committee or sub- 
committee to hold Executive Sessions, no committee or sub-com- 
mittee shall take any final action on any measure or thing before 
it except in open session. 

31. The Committee on Engrossed Bills shall examine all bills, 
amendments, and resolutions before they go out of the possession 
of the Senate, and make a report when they find them correctly 
engrossed: Provider!, that when a bill is typewritten and bas no 
interlineations therein, and has passed the Senate without amend- 
ment, it shall be sent to the House without engrossment, unless 
otherwise ordered. 

3 2. All bills introduced in the Senate providing for appropria- 
tions from the State, or any subdivision thereof, shall, before be- 
ing considered by the Senate, be referred to the committee on 
Appropriations, and bills referred to other Committees carryin.g 
any of the provisions herein mentioned, shall be re-referred to the 
Senate as being bills to be considered by the Appropriations Com- 
mittee before proper action may be taken by the Senate. All bills 
introduced in the Senate providing for bond issues, levying taxes, 
or in any manner affecting the taxing power of the State or any 
subdivision thereof, shall before being considered by the Senate, 
be referred to the Committee on Finance, and bills referred to 
other committees carrjdng any of the provisions herein mentioned 
shall be re-referred to the Senate as being bills to be considered 
by the Finance Committee before proper action may be taken by 
the Senate. 

All bills prepared to be introduced by depart inents, agencies 
or institutions of the State must be introduced in the Senate not 
later than April 10th of this Session. All local bills must be in- 
troduced in the Senate not later than April 1 of this Session. 

3 3. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution 
which shall not be considered at the time of making the same. 



350 NoKTii Cai;()i.i.\a Manual 

or laid on the tal)l(' by a vote of the Senate, shall stand upon 
the general orders with the bill or resolution; and the report of 
the committee shall show that a majority of the committee were 
present and voted. "A quorum of any committee shall consist of 
a majority of the committee." 

;M. The President of the Senate and the Principal Clerk shall 
appoint seventeen clerks who shall be stenographers to serve as 
Committee Clerks. The President of the Senate and the Principal 
Clerk may appoint additional clerks ujion the recommendation of 
the Rules Committee. 

Docoiuiii ill Scssion.s 

3 5. When any Senator is about to speak in debate or deliver 
any matter to the Senate, he shall rise from liis seat and respect- 
fully address the President. 

3 6. No member shall speak until recognized by the President 
and when two or more members rise at the same time, the Presi- 
dent shall name the member to speak. 

3 7. No remark reflecting personally upon the action of any 
Senator shall be in order in debate unless preceded by a motion 
or resolution of censure. 

38. When a Senator shall be called to order he shall take his 
seat until the President shall have determined whether he was 
in order or not; if decided to be out of order, he shall not proceed 
wiihout the permission of the Senate; and every question of order 
shall be decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the 
Senate by any Senator; and if a Senator is called to order for 
words spoken, the words excepted to shall be immediately taken 
down in writing, that the President or Senate may be better able 
to judge of the matter. 

3 9. No Senator shall speak or debate more than twice nor 
longer than thirty minutes on the same day on the same subject 
without leave of the Senate. 

40. When the President is putting a question, or a division by 
counting shall be had, no Senator shall walk out of or across the 
Chamber, nor when a Senator is speaking, pass between him and 
the President. 

41. Every Senator who shall be within the bar of the Senate 
when the question is stated by the chair shall vote thereon, un- 



Sk.natk 351 

less he shall be excused by the Senate or unless he be directly in- 
terested in the question; and the bar of the Senate shall include 
the entire Senate Chamber. 

4 2. When a motion to ad.journ or for recess shall be affirma- 
tively determined, no niember or officers shall leave his i)lace until 
ad,journment or recess shall be declared by the President. 

4 3. Senators and visitors shall uncover their heads upon enter- 
in.£4 the Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session and sliall 
continue uncovered during their continuance in the Chamber. 

4 4. No Senator or officer of the Senate shall depart the service 
of the Senate without leave, or receive pay as a Senator or officer 
for the time he is absent without leave. 

Procedural Itulcs in Debat*' 

4 5. Every bill introduced into the Senate shall be printed or 
typewritten. Amendments need not be typewritten. 

4 6. All bills should be read by their titles, which reading shall 
constitute the first reading of the bills, and unless otherwise 
disposed of shall be referred to the proper committee. A bill may 
be introduced by unanimous consent at any time during the ses- 
sion. 

47. Every Senator presenting a paper shall endorse the same; 
if a petition, memorial, or report to the General Assembly with a 
brief statement of its subject or contents, adding his name; if a 
resolution, with his name; if a report of a committee, a statement 
of such report with the name of the committee and members 
making the same; if a bill, a statement of its title which shall 
contain a brief statement of the subject or contents of the bill, 
with his name; and all bills, resolutions, petitions, and memorials 
shall be delivered to the Principal Clerk and by him handed to 
the President to be by him referred, and he shall announce^ the 
titles and references of the same, which shall be entered on the 
.Journal. 

4 8. When a bill is materially modified or the scope of its appli- 
cation extended or decreased, or if the county or counties to which 
it applies be changed, the title of the bill shall be changed by tlie 
Senator introducing the bill or by the committee having it in 
charge, or by the Principal ('lerk, so as to indicate the full pur- 
I)ort of the bill as amended and the county or counties to which 
it applies. 



352 NoKiii (\\K()i.i\A AI\\r\i. 

4 0. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provis- 
ions of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other 
measure, l^pon the point of order being raised and sustained by 
the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not 
be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected 
membership of the Senate: Provuled. no local bill shall be held 
by the Chair as embodying the provisions, or being identical with 
any State-wide measure which has 1)een laid upon the table or 
failed to pass any of its readings. 

50. Whenever a public bill is introduced, seven carbon copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill. The Reading Clerk shall stamp 
the copy with the number stamped upon the original bill. Such 
copy shall he daily delivered to the joint committee hereinafter 
provided for. The Principal Clerk shall deliver the carbon copy 
of the bills designated to be printed as hereinafter provided for 
the pul)lic printer and cause 400 copies thereof to be printed. On 
the morning following the delivery of the printed copies the Chief 
Clerk shall cause the Chief Page to have one copy thereof put 
upon the desk of each member, and shall retain the other printed 
copies in his office. A sufficient number of the printed copies for 
the use of the committee to wiiich the bill is referred shall be by 
the Chief Page delivered to the Chairman or Clerk of that Com- 
mittee. If the bill is passed, the remaining copy shall be by the 
Chief Page delieverd to the Principal Clerk of the House for the 
use of the House. The cost of printing shall be paid from the 
contingent fund of the Senate. The Chairman of the Rules Com- 
mittee of the Senate and the Chairman of the Rules Committee 
of the House shall appoint a sub-committee consisting of three 
members of the Senate and two members of the House from the 
body of the Senate and the House and such Chairman shall notify 
the Principal Clerk of the House and of the Senate who has baen 
appointed. Such sub-committee shall meet daily and examine the 
carbon copies of the public bills introduced and determine which 
of such public bills shall be printed and which shall not, and 
stamp the copies accordingly. If the member introducing a public 
bill, which the committee shall determine should not be printed, 
so desires, he may appear before the committee at the next meet- 
ing thereof with reference thereto. 



Sk.natk 353 

1)1. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a fonunit- 
tee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report thereon, 
then the author of the bill may, after three day's public notice 
siven in the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present and voting, recall the same from the 
committee to the floor of the Senate for consideration and such 
action thereon as a majority of the Senators present may direct. 

52. All motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the 
President or a Senator, delivered at the table, and read by the 
President or Reading Clerk before the same shall be debated; but 
any such motion may be withdrawn by the introducer at any time 
before decision or amendment. 

52a. When a bill is reported by a committee with an unfavor- 
able report, but accompanied by a minority report, the minority 
report shall be placed on the calendar and considered the follow- 
ing day, and the question before the Senate shall be "The adoption 
of the Minority Report" and if failing to be adopted by a majori- 
ty vote, the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. 
Before a minority report can be considered by the Senate, it must 
be signed by at least three (3) members of the committee who 
were present and voted on the 1)111 when the bill was considered in 
the committee. 

On (icnci-al ()r«lers and Special Ortlers 

53. Any bill or other matter may be made a special order for 
a particular day or hour by a vote of the majority of the Senators 
voting, and if it shall not be completed on that day, it shall be re- 
turned to its place on the Calendar, unless it shall be made a 
special order for another day; and when a special order is under 
consideration it shall take precedence of any special order or sub- 
sequent order tor the day, but such subsequent order may be taken 
up immediately after the previous si)ecial order has been disposed 
of. 

54. Every bill shall receive three readings previous to its be- 
ing passed, and the President shall give notice at each whether 
it be the first, second, or third. After the first reading, unless a 
motion shall be made by some Senator, it shall be the duty of the 
President to refer the subject-matter to an appropriate (jommit- 
tee. No bill shall be amended until it shall have been twice read. 



354 NoiMii Cakomna Maxual 

On I'locetloiicc of Motions 

55. When a question is before tlie Senate no motion sliall be 
received except those herein specified, which motion shall have 
precedence as follows, viz.: 

^ 1 ) For adjournment. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 
( 7 ) To commit to a select committee. 

( S ) To amend. 
(9 » To substitute. 

5 6. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main 
question be now put?'" and until it is decided shall preclude all 
amendments and debate. If this question shall be decided in the 
affirmative, the "main question" shall be on the passage of the 
bill, resolution, or other matter under consideration; but when 
amendments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such 
amendments in their inverse order, without further debate or 
amendment: Provided, that no one shall move the previous ques- 
tion except the member submitting the report on the bill or other 
matter under consideration, and the member introducing the bill 
or other matter under consideration, or the member in charge of 
the measure, who shall be designated by the chairman of the 
committee reporting the same to the Senate at the time the bill 
or other matter under consideration is reported to the Senate or 
taken up for consideration. 

5 7. When a motion for the previous question is made and is 
pending, debate shall cease and only a motion to adjourn shall 
be in order, which motions shall be put as follows: Adjourn, prev- 
ious question, lay on the table. After a motion for the previous 
question is made, pending a second thereto, any member may give 
notice that he desires to offer an amendment to the bill or other 
matter under consideration; and after the previous question is 
seconded such member shall be entitled to offer his amendment in 
pui'suance of such notice. 



Senate 355 

Soiut' (^iicstioiis To l?c 'I'akcM Whlioiil l>('l);il(' 

58. The motions to ud.jouni and lay on the table shall bo de- 
cided without debate, and the motion to adjourn shall always be 
in order when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 

59. The respective motions to jjostpone to a certain day. or to 
commit, shall preclude debate on the main (juestion. 

60. All questions relating' to priority of business shall ])e de- 
cided without debate. 

61. When the reading of a paper is called for, except petitions, 
and the same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be determined 
))y the Senate without debate. 

62. Any Senator requesting to be excused from voting may 
make, either immediately before or after the vote shall have been 
called for and before the result shall have been announced, a 
brief statement of the reasons for making such request, and the 
question shall then be taken without debate. Any Senator may 
explain his vote on any bill pending by obtaining permission of 
the President before the vote is put: FrovUlcd. that not more than 
three minutes shall be consumed in such explanation. 

Questions That Itt'ijiiire a Two-Thirds X'otc 

G3. No bill or resolution on its third reading shall be acted on 
out of the regular order in which it stands on the Calendar, and 
no bill or resolution shall be acted ui)on on its third reading 
the same day on which it passed its second reading unless so 
ordered by two-thirds of the Senators present. 

64. No bill or resolution shall be sent from the Senate on the 
day of its passage except on the last day of tlic session, unless 
otherwise ordered by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 

65. No bill or resolution after being laid upon the table upon 
motion shall be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds 
of the Senators present. 

66. No rule of the Senate shall be altered, suspended, or re- 
scinded except on a two-thirds vote of the Senators present. 

67. When a bill has been introduced and referred to a com- 
mittee, if after ten days the committee has failed to report there- 
on, then the author of the bill may, aftei- tlii'ee days' public notice 
given in the Senate, on motion su|)p()rte(l by a vote of t wo-t liii-ds 



356 NdKiii Cakoiina Mamal 

ol' tlie Senatoi's present aiui voting, recall the same from the 
committee to tlu^ llooi- ol' the Senate for consideration and such 
action thereon as a majority of the Senatois present may direct. 

()8. All bills and resolutions reported unfavorably by the com- 
mittee to which they were referred, and liaving no minority re- 
port, shall lie upon the table, but may be taken from the table, 
and placed upon the Calendar by a two-thirds vote of those pres- 
ent and voting. 

69. After a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions 
of its subject-matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. 
Upon the point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, 
such measure shall be laid upon the table, and shall not be taken 
therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the elected member- 
ship of the Senate: Provided . no local bill shall be held by the 
Chair as embodying the provisions, or being identical with any 
State-wide measure which has been laid upon the table or failed 
to pass any of its readings. 

ri(>ce«Mlin}i.s When Tliero Is Not a (^iioi'iim Votinji 

70. If, on taking the question on a bill, it shall appear that a 
constitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill requires a vote 
of certain proportion of all the Senators to pass it, and it ajipears 
that such number is not present, the bill shall be again read and 
the question taken thereon; if the bill fails a second time for 
the want of the necessary number being present and voting, the 
bill shall not be finally lost, but shall be returned to the Calendar 
in its proper order. 

On Conference Comniitteo and Report 

71. Whenever the Senate shall decline or refuse to concur in 
amendments put by the House to a bill originating in the Senate, 
or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the House for a 
bill originating in the Senate, a conference committee shall be 
appointed upon motion made, consisting of the number named in 
the motion; and the bill under consideration shall thereupon go 
to and be considered by the joint conferees on the part of the 
Senate and House. In considering matters in difference between 
the Senate and House committeed to the conferees only such mat- 



Sk.natk 357 

ters as are in difference between the two houses sliall be con- 
sidered by the conferees, and the conference report shall deal only 
with such matters. The conference report shall not be amended. 
Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of Representatives 
of Congress shall govern the appointment, conduct, and reports 
of the conferees. 

Miscellaiu'oiis 

7 2. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall 
be in order for any Senator who shall have voted in the majority 
to move a reconsideration thereof: but no motion for the recon- 
sideration of any vote shall be in order after the bill, resolution, 
message, report, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was 
taken shall have gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor 
shall any motion for reconsideration be in order unless made on 
the same day or in the next following legislative day on which 
the vote proposed to be reconsidered shall have taken place, unless 
same shall be made by the Committee on Enrolled Bills for verbal 
or grammatical errors in the bills, when the same may be made 
at any time. Provided that when the next Legislative day has by 
motion of the Senate, been restricted as to matters which may be 
considered, a motion to reconsider shall be in order on the next 
succeeding day upon which regular business is conducted. Nor 
shall any question be reconsidered more than once. 

73. In case a less number than a quorum of the Senate shall 
convene, they are authorized to send the doorkeeper or any 
other person, for any or all absent Senators, as a majority of the 
Senators present shall determine. 

7 4. No papers, writings, pamphlets, or printed matter shall be 
placed on the desks of the Senators or distributed in the Senate 
Chamber without the approval of the Principal Clerk. 

75. That in case of adjournment without any hour being named, 
the Senate shall reconvene the next legislative day at 11 o'clock 
A. M. 

7 6. In the event the Senate Rules do not provide for, or cover 
any point of order raised by any Senator, the rules of the United 
States House of Congress shall govern. 



358 NdiMii ('auomna Ma.mai. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 

Coiiiinittee on A{;Ticultiire 

Senators: Rose, Chairiiian ; Whitley, Y'lve Chairman; Thomas<jn, 
Vice Chairman; Andrews, Canipe, Currie of Moore, Davis. Duncan, 
Henkel, Humber, Jordan, Kirkman, Mercer, Moore, Morgan of Cleve- 
land, Shelton, Simpkins. Strikeleather, Williamson, Winslov.-. 

Coiniiiittoo on Appropriations 

Sexatoks: Copeland, Chairman; Cooke, Vice Chairman; Davis, Yu:e 
Chairman ; Andrews, Bason, Bell, Canipe, Crew, Currie of ]\Ioore, 
Folger, Forsyth, Frink, Garriss, Hamilton, Henkel, Kirkman. Med- 
ford, Monroe. Moore, Peel. Reavis, Rose, Ross, Thomas, Thoniasdn, 
Yow. 

ConiniiUi'*' on lianking 

Sexatoks: Bason. Chairman ; Jordan, Vice Chairman : Bell, Cr^w, 
Currie of Durham, Davis. Duncan, Forsyth, Garriss, Kenkel. R'.it- 
ledge, Stikeleather, Whitley, Williamsdn. 

("oniniittcc on Conservation and Development 

Sexatoks: Henkel, Chairman; Hamilton, Vice Chairman ; Forsyth, 
Vice Cliairman ; Canipe. Cooke, Frink, Humber, .folly. Medford, 
Moore. Peel, Rose, Ross, Stikeleather. Williams, Winslow. 

Committee on Constitution 

Sexatoks: Currie of Durham, Chair^ian ; Bell, Vice Chairman: War- 
ren, Vice Chairman ; Alford, Blackburn, Cooke, Copeland, Crew, Davis. 
Forsyth, Hamilton, Humber, Jordan, Kesler, Kirkman, Lanier, Med- 
ford, Morgan of Cleveland. Reavis, Rose, Stikeleather, Thomas, Y(.w. 

Coniniittee on Counties, Cities and Towns 

Sexators: Yow, Chairman; Kesler, Vice Chairman ; Alford. An- 
drews, Garrison, Lanier, Monroe, Peel, Ross, Williams. 



Senate 359 

("ominittt'e on ( ouits and Judicial Distiitls 

Sexatoks: Bell, Chairman; Morsan of Harnett, Vice C!iai,)ii(ui : 
Blackburn, Cooke, Currie of Durham, Hamilton, Jolly, .lordan, Kirk- 
man, Reavis, Thomas, Warren. Yow. 

Conmiitteo 011 Kdiication 

Senatoks: Stikeleather, Chairman; Andrews, Yice Chairman; Bell, 
Crew, Davis, Garriss. Hamilton, Hancock, Jolly. Lanier. Mercer. 
Morgan of Harnett, Peel, Reavis, Rulled^e, Thomas, Thomason. 
Whitley, Williamson. Winslow. 

Coiiiiiiittc*' oil Khctioii Laws and Sciiafoi-ial Districts 

Se.natohs: Williams, Chairman; Cooke, Currie of Durham. Davis. 
Garrison, Garriss, Kesler, Mercer, Peel, Ross, Yow. 

('(nnniiftcc on Kinance 

Sk.\.\toi!s: Kirkman. Chairn]afi : Curi'ie (f Durham. Virc chair- 
man: Alford, Vive Cliairmaii : Blackburn, Copeland, Duncan, Garri- 
son, Hancock, Humber, Jolly, Jordan, Kesler, Lackey, Lanier, Mer- 
cer, Morgan of Cleveland, Morgan of Harnett, Rutledge, Shelton, 
Simpkins, Stikeleather, Warren, Whitley, Williams, Williamson, 
Winslow. 

('oniniitt<'c on Hij;hcr Education 

Se.vatoks: Kesler, Chairman ; Ross, Vice Chairman : Blackl)uru, 
Copeland, Currie of Moore, Folger, Forsyth, Humber, lordan. Lackey, 
Monroe, Rose. 

Conintitti'c on Insurance 

Sknatous; Frink, Chairman ; Hancock, \ ice Chairman: Alford. 
Duncan, Folger, Forsyth. Garrison. Monroe, Morgan of Harnett. I'eel, 
Reavis, Simpkins, Stikeleather, Thomas. 

Coniniittcc on Inti-rsJatc and I'cdcial K<-la(ioiis 

Sexatoks: Dun(;an, Chariman: Simpkins, Vice chair, nan : Ali'ord. 
Frink, Hancock, Humber. Sliclton, Thomason. AX'arrcn. Whitley. 



360 Nouiii (^\i;()i.i\A Mamai. 



( 'oiiiniittcc on .loiii'iial 

Skxatous: Lackey, CJuiiniiuii : Williamson. Vice ChainiKin : Garriss, 
Mercer, Moore, Rose, Winslow. 



( oiiiiiiitlcr on .liulitiaiy \o. I 

Sexatuks: Crev*-, Vhain.ian: Mercer, Yice Chainuaii : Andrews, 
Bell, Blackburn, Cooke, Currie of Durham, Folger, Frink, .Jolly, Kes- 
ler, Thomas. Warren. 



C'oniniitli't' ou Judiciary Xo. 11 

Sexatohs: Medford. Chairman: Peel, Vive Chairvnan; Copeland. 
Garriss, Hamilton, Huraber, .Jordan, Kirkman, Morgan of Harnett, 
Rutledge, Williams, Yow. 



Coininittee on Local Governinent 

Senatoks: Jolly, Chairman; Stikeleather, Yive Chairman ; Canipe. 
Copeland, Currie of Moore, Folger, Mercer, Morgan of Cleveland. 
Shelton, Thomas, Thomason. 



Coinniitteo on Maimtacturiuf;, Labor and ( Oninicrce 

Sexatoks: Garriss, Chairman : Bason, Currie of Durham, Garrison. 
Henkel, Lanier, Medford, Monroe, Moore, Rose, Rutledge. Simpkins, 
Thomas, Winslow. 



< 'onuiiitttH' on Mental Institution.s 

Sexatoks: Whitley, Chairman: Williamson, Viee Chairman; Al- 
ford, Blackburn, Foi'syth. .Jordan, Lacliey, Lanier, Moore, Rose, 
Shelton. 



C"oniniittc«> on Penal Institutions 

Sexators: Lanier, Chairman; Reavis, Vice Chairvian : Folger, 
Frink, Hamilton, Hancock, Mercer, Monroe. Morsan of Harnett, Ross, 
Thomason, Williams. 



Skxatk 361 

Coniiuittcc on I'lopositioiis and (iricvaiui'S 

Skxatous: Morgan of Harnett, C]iiiir):rui: Yow, Vice Chtiininoi : 
Canipe, Crew, Forsyth, Jolly, Ross, Shelton, Williamson. 

Connnittt'c' on Public Health , 

Skxatoks: Kutledge, CliainiKiii : Duncan, Vice Vha\i nutn ; I5;'..-uu, 
Blacklnuii, Henkel, Jolly, Lackey, Lanier, Monroe, Rose, Thomason. 

( <Mniuilt<'c on I'ublic l\«)a<ls 

Si;.VAToi;s; Moore, Chnirmrni : Rason, Vice CliainiKni ; Andrews, 
Bell, Canipe, Cooke, Currie of Moore, Davis, Duncan, Frink, Garrison, 
Garriss, Reavis, Ross, Shelton. Stikeleather, Warren, Winslow, Yow. 

("ominittt'e on I'libli*' Utilities 

Si:.\ATOKs: Thomas, Chairman: Bell, Cooke, Crew, Davis, Fmsyth. 
Frink, Garrison, Garriss. Jordan, Kesler, Kirkman. Winslow. 

( oniniittcc on Public \V<'lfarc 

Si:.\.VTOHs: Currie of Moore, Chainnait : Garrison, Vice i'liainii'iii : 
Alford, Copeland, Duncan, Hamilton, Kesler, Morgan of Harnett. 
Peel. Reavis, Simpkins, Thomason, Warren. 

Conimittcc on Kctir<'ni«'nt, Employment Security 

Sknatoks: Hamilton, Chairman : Monroe, Vice Chairman ; Alford. 
Andrews, Currie of Moore, Folger, Hancock, Medford, Moore, Morgan 
of Cleveland, Ross. Rutledge, Whitley, Williams, Williamson. 

ronnnitt«'e on Rules 

Sknatoks: Morgan of Cleveland, Chairman: Andrews, Bason. 
Blackburn, Canipe, Copeland, Crew, Currie of Durham. Currie of 
Moore, Henkel, Kesler, Medford, Warren, Whitley, Yow. 

Couiiniltt'c on .Salaries and Fees 

Senators: Shelton, Chairman: Uasoii. HiiihIkm-. Laclccy, .\I(irg;in of 
Harnett, Simpkins. 



'^n2 NoiMii rAijniiNA 'Mam \i. 

('oininilto- on Stale (iox i rninciit 

Ska Aioi;s: C.'ookt', ChuiriiKin : Blackburn, Vice Vli<iinn<i,i ; Basuii. 
I'.ell, ("rew, lle)ikel, Kirkman. Medford, Moore, Morjiau oL Cleveland. 
Kulledtic. Waricn. Williams. 

( oniniit (<•(• oil riiivcisil\ 'I'liistccs 

Skxatohs: Folger, Vhairuuin: J-luniher. Vive Oliairman ; Alt'ord. 
Andrews. Bason, Canipe. Ccpeland. Currie of Durham, Davis, Henkel. 
Kirkman. Lackey, Lanier. Medford, Morgan of Cleveland, Reavis, 

Rutledsic. Simpkins. Whith'v. 

( oiniiiillcc on \ Cttians and Military Affairs 

Skxatoks: Hancock, Chairmav ; Canipe. Vice Cliairman : Frink. 
Garrison. Lackey, Morgan of Cleveland, Thf)mason. Williams. 

Coinmittce on Wildlife 

Sezs'ators: Winslow, Cliainnan : .loUy. Vice (:litinn<i:i : Currie of 
Moore, Duncan, Folger, Hancock, Lackey, ^Mercer, Monroe, Peel, Shel- 
toii Simjilvins. Williamson. 



6 



/ 


Ch 




43 44 45 46 


33 


34 35 36 37 


23 


24 25 26 27 


13 


14 15 16 / 



rO 



47] 48J 49i 50 

— —J L— 1 II I 

38] [39] [40] [4^ [42] 

?r| [Ti] [30] [3T] f^T 

\ Qi] QI] DI] [11 



O 








6 









■d 



p^^eslDE^,^ 




b- 



7 

8 
9 

10 



21 



22 



Sk.natk 365 



SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1959 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATE 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District. — Name County Address Scat 

1st — J. William Copeland Hertford Murfreesboro 6 

1st — J. Emniett Winslovv Perquimans Hertford 7 

2nd — Elbert S. Peel, Jr Martin Williamston 9 

2nd — Lindsay C. Warren -Beaufort Washington 10 

3rd — Charles F. Blackburn Vance Henderson 37 

4th — W. Lunsford Crew Halifax Hoanoke Rapids 21 

4th — Heni-y G. Shelton Edgecombe Speed 22 

5th — Robert Lee Humber Pitt Greenville 43 

(ith — Dallas L. Alford, Ji- Nash Rocky Mount 12 

6th — Wilbur M. Jolly Franklin Louisburg 13 

7th — Luther Hamilton, Sr Carteret Morehead City 20 

7th — James O. Simpkins Craven New Bern 25 

Sth — Dr. D. J. Rose .Wayne GoldsbuiO 29 

8th — Adam J. Whitley, Jr Johnston JSmithlield 28 

9th — Grady Mercer Duplin Beulaville 18 

Hth — Cicero P. Yow. New Hanover Wilmington 3 

10th — S. Bunn Frink Brunswick Southport 2 

10th — Arthur W. Williamson Columbus Cerro Gordo 47 

11th — Cutlar Moore Robeson Lumberton 17 

12th— Wilbur H. Currie Moore Carthage 33 

12th — Robert B. Morgan Harnett Lillington 48 

13th— Ike F. Andrews Chatham Siler City 50 

13th— John R. Jordan, Jr Wake Raleigh 19 

14th — Claude Currie Durham Durham 5 

14th— Wills Hancock Granville O.xford 8 

15th — Sam M. Bason Caswell Yancey ville 27 

16th — Kdwin S Lanier Orange. Chapel Hill 42 

17th— O. Arthur Kirkman Guilford High Point 38 

18th — t;ai land S. Garriss Montgomery Troy 36 

18th — Alex S. Monroe Hichmond Rockingham 31 

19th— J. Max Thomas Union Marshville 40 

19th — Staton P. Williams Stanly Albemarle 32 

20th — J. Spencer Bell Mecklenburg Matthews 11 

21st— John C. Kesler Rowan Salisbury 30 

21st — J. Carlyle Rutledge Cabarrus Kannapolis 15 

22nd — Arcnie K. Davis Forsyth Winston-Salem 14 

23rd — "Fred Folger Surry Mt. Airy 49 

24th— Charles G. Reavis (R) Yadkin Yadkinville 44 

2oth — W. E. Garrison X.incoln Lincolnton 24 

25th— C. V. Henkel Iredell Turnersburg 23 

26th — Frank Patton Cooke Gaston Gastonia 4 

27th — Ernest W. Ross ^IcDowell JVIarion 26 

27th — Robert F. Morgan Cleveland Shelby 16 

28th — W. Ray Lackey Alexander Stony Point 34 

29th — Edwin Duncan Allehgany Sparta 46 

30th — .\lbert Canipe Mitchell Spruce Pine 35 

31st — James G. Stikeleather, Jr Buncombe Asheville 1 

32nd — William Medford Haywood Waynesville 39 

32nd — B. W. Thomason Transylvania Brevard 41 

33rd — W. Frank Forsyth Cherokee Murphy 45 



♦Resigned April 20, 1959. Succeeded by George K. Snow of Mt. Airy. 



?,C>C, NoiMii TAiioiixA Mam Ai 

OIHcers and Members ol the House of Kepresentatives 

OFFICKRS 

Addison Hewlett Speaker.. WilminKton 

Mrs. Annie K. Cooper Principal Clerk Raleigh 

W. J. Arthur Readinir Clerk Chapel Hill 

Joseph H. Warren Serifeant-at-Arms Pi-ospeet Hill 

REPKKSENTATIVES 
(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name County Party Addnss 

Ansell, Noiwood M Currituck Democrat Knotts Island 

Arledge, J. Thurston Polk Democrat Tryon 

Askew. Allen E Gates Democrat GatesviUe 

Harwick. Killian Pasquotank Democrat Elizabeth City 

lielk, Irwin Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Bell. D. G -Carteret Democrat Morehead City 

Black, Bedford W Cabarrus Democrat Kannapolis 

Blue, H. Clifton .Moore Democrat Aberdeen 

Bowman, James C Brunswick Democrat Southport 

Braswell, Roland C Wayne Democrat Goldsboro 

Britt, David M Jtobeson Democrat Fairmont 

Britt, Sidney D Bladen Democrat Bladenboro 

Brock, B. C Davie Republican Mocksville 

Bryant. Frank Yadkin Democrat BoonviUe 

Buchanan. Marcellus -Jackson Democrat Sylva 

ISurgess, S. E... Camden .Democrat Belcross 

Burleson, Jeter C. Mitchell RepuWican Bakersville 

Burrow, Sam. J-. Jr Randolph Democrat Asheboro 

Bynum, Fred W., Jr Richmond Democrat Rockingham 

Byrd, Joe K Burke Democrat Morganton 

Byrum, Albert G Chowar Democrat Eden ton 

Childers, Max L Gaston Democrat Mt. Holly 

Coates, Roy C Johnston Democrat Smithfield 

Cohoon. Wm. Charles Tyrrell. Democrat Columbia 

Courtney. Danny M Caldwell Democrat Lenoir 

Cover, Mrs. G. W Cherokee Democrat Andrews 

Crawford, C. R. Swain .Democrat Whittier 

Crawford, 1. C Buncombe Democrat Asheville 

Davis, J. Toliver Rutherford Democrat Forest City 

Davis, Dr. Rachel D., Ill Lenoir. Democrat Kinston 

Delamar, Ned Pamlico Democrat Oriental 

Dill, Thomas G Edgecombe Democrat Rocky Mount 

Dolley, Steve, Jr Gaston Democrat Gastonia 

Doughton, J. K Alleghany Democrat Sparta 

Drummond. Dan L Forsyth Democrat... Winston-Salem 

Ed mist en, J. E Watauga Democrat Boone 

Etheridge. R. Bruce Dare Democrat Manteo 

Everett, R. Frank Martin Democrat... Hamilton 

Gaither, James C -Transylvania Democrat Brevard 

Gobble, F. L P'orsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Greenwood. Gordon H Buncombe Democrat Black Mountain 

Gregory, Carson . Harnett Democrat — Angler 

Hardy, Herbert Greene Democrat Maury 

Hargett. John M. Jones Democrat Trenton 

Harris, W. C, Jr Wake Democrat Raleigh 

Harriss. Clyde H Howan Democrat Salisbury 

Haw field. S. Glenn Union Democrat Monroe 

Henley. John T Cumberland Democrat Hope Mills 

Herbert, Tom J Clay Democrat Hayesville 

Hewlett, Addison, Jr JJew Hanover Democrat Wilmington 

Hicks, Ernest L Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

High, L. Sneed Cumberland Democrat Fayetteville 

Hill, J. Henry. Jr Catawba Democrat Hickory 

Hill. Watts. Jr Durham Democrat Durham 

Holcombe, Fred JMadison Democrat Mars Hill 



House of Representatives 367 



Holcombe. Harluii Yancey Democrat Burnsville 

Holmes, Carroll R Perquimans Democrat Hertford 

Horton, Harry Chatham Democrat Pittsboro 

Hostetler, Charles A Hoke Democrat Raeford 

Humphrey, Hubert .Guilford Democrat Green.sboro 

Hunt, Joseph M., Jr Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Hunter. L. Penn McDowell Democrat Marion 

Isaac, Mack Avery '{epublican Newland 

Jackson. Roger R., Jr Hertford Democrat Harrellsville 

Johnson, Hugh S., Jr Duplin Democrat Rose Hill 

Jones, Austin Ashe Democrat West Jefferson 

Jones. Walter Pitt Democrat Farmvill'; 

Jordan. John Y., Jr Buncombe Democrat ... Asheville 

Kemp. Ed... Guilford Democrat High Point 

Kennedy, John P., Jr Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Kerr, John, Jr .Warren Democrat Warren ton 

Kiser, Roger C Scotland Democrat Laurinburg 

Lackey. Pleas Ale.\an<ler Democrat Hidden ite 

l.oatherman, M. T Lincoln Democrat Liiu-oliitim 

Lloyd, Leonard W Graham Democrat Robbinsville 

Long, George A Alamance Democrat Burlington 

McLaughlin, John R Iredell Democrat Statesville 

Murphrey. Willis Halifax Democrat Roanoke Rapids 

Murphy. Ashley M Pender Democrat Atkinson 

Newman, Tom Sampson Democrat Clinton 

O'Neal. Dick... Hyde Democrat New Holland 

Palmei-. Jack, Jr Cleveland Democrat Shelby 

Patterson, Frank N., .Jr Stanly Democrat Albemarle 

Phelps, Dr. J. M Washington Democrat Creswell 

Philpott. H. Cloyd Davidson Democrat Lexington 

Powell, Radford G Rockingham Democrat Reidsville 

Quinn. D wight W Cabarrus Democrat Kannapolis 

Raby, James M Macon Democrat Franklin 

Regan, John li Robeson Democrat St. Pauls 

Reid, William G Surry Democrat Pilot Mountain 

Rodenbough, Grace T Stokes Democrat Walnut Cove 

Sattertield, B. I Person Democrat Timberlake 

Sermons, Wayland J Beaufort .Democrat Washington 

Snepp, Frank W Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Spruill, C. Wayland Bertie Democrat Windsor 

Stone, Clarence E., Jr Forsyth Democrat Belews Creek 

Story, T. E Wilkes Republican... North Wilkesboro 

Strayhorn. Ralph N Durham Democrat Durham 

Taylor. H. P., Jr Anson Democrat Wadesboro 

Thomas, C. Blake Johnston Democrat Smith field 

Turner. Thomas Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Umstead. J. W., Jr Orange Democrat Chapel Hill 

L^zzell. Geo. R Rowan Democrat Salisbury 

Valentine. Itimous T., Jr Nash Democrat Nashville 

Venters. Carl V Onslow Democrat Jacksonville 

Wallace. J. Paul JVIontgomery Democrat Troy 

Watkins. Joe A .Granville Democrat O.xford 

Whitehurst. Sam L Craven Democrat New Bern 

Whitley. Philip R Wake Democrat Wendell 

Whit mire. Boyce A Henderson Democrat Henderson vi lie 

Wicker. J. Shelton Lee Democrat San ford 

Williamson, Edward L Columbus Democrat White ville 

Wilson, Edward H Caswell Democrat Blanche 

Womble. W. Brantley Wake Democrat Gary 

Woodard. J. Ray nor Northampton Democrat Conway 

Woodard, Thomas H .Wilson Democrat Wilson 

Wooten, Frank M.. Jr Pitt Democrat Greenville 

Yarbo rough. Edward F Franklin Democrat Louisburg 

Yates. Oral L. Haywood Democrat Waynes ville 

Zollicoffer, A. A., Jr Vance Democrat Henderson 



o(JS NdlMIl ('AUnl.lNA .MaMAI. 



ri-:presentatives 

Arranged by Counties 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

CoHiitu Name Address 

Alamance (leorRe A. Long Burlington 

Alexander Pleas Lackey Hiddenite 

Alleghany J. K. Doughton Sparta 

Anson H. P. Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 

Ashe Austin Jones West Jefferson 

Avery Mack Isaac (11) Newland 

Heacifort Wayland J. Sernions Washington 

Bertie C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

Bladen Sidney D. Britt Bladenboro 

Brunswick James C. Bowman Southport 

Buncombe I. C. Crawford AshevilJe 

Gordon H. Greenwood Black Mountain 

John Y. Jordan, Jr Asheville 

Burke Joe K. Byrd Morganton 

Cabarrus Bedford W. Black Kannapolis 

I) wight W. Quinn Kannapolis 

Caldwell Danny M. Courtney Lenoir 

Camden S. E. Burgess Belcross 

Carteret D. G. Bell Morehead City 

Caswell Edward H. Wilson Blanche 

Catawba J. Henry Hill, Jr Hickory 

Chatham Harry Horton Pittsboro 

Cherokee Mrs. G. W. Co^Jer Andrews 

Chowan Albert G. By rum Edenton 

Clay Tom J. Herbert Hayesville 

Cleveland Jack Palmer. Jr Shelby 

Columbus Edward L. Williamson Whiteville 

Craven Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 

Cumberland John T. Henley Hope Mills 

L. Sneed High Fayetteville 

Currituck Norwood M. Ansell Knotts Island 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Davidson H. Cloyd Philpott Lexington 

Davie B. C. Brock ( R ) Mocksville 

Duplin Hugh S. Johnson, Jr Rose Hill 

Durham Watts Hill, Jr Durham 

Ralph N. Strayhorn Durham 

Edgecombe Thomas G. Dill Rocky Mount 

Forsyth Dan L. Drummond Winston-Salem 

F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 

Clarence E. Stone. Jr Belews Creek 

Franklin Edward F. Yarbo rough Louisburg 

Gaston Max L. Childers Mt. Holly 

Steve Dolley, Jr Gastonia 

Gates Allen E). Askew Gatesville 

Graham Leonard W. Lloyd Robbinsville 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Greene Herbert Hardy Maury 

Guilford JHubert Humphrey Greensboro 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 

Ed Kemp High Point 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 

Halifax Willis Murphrey Roanoke Rapids 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angler 

Haywood Oral L. Yates Waynesville 

Henderson Boyce A. Whitmire Hendersonville 

Hertford Roger R. Jackson, Jr Harrellsville 

Hoke Charles A. Hostetler Raeford 

Hyde Dick O'Neal New Holland 

Iredell John R. McLaughlin Statesville 

Jackson Marcel lus Buchanan Sylva 



Hoi'SE OF Repr?:skxtativks 369 



J.hn.ston Roy C. Coates Smithfiekl 

C. Blake Thomas Smithfield 

Jones John M. HaiKett Trenton 

Lee J. Shelton Wicker Sanford 

Lenoir Dr. Rachel D. Davis, III Kinston 

Lincoln M. T. Leatherman Lincoln ton 

Macon James M. Raby Franklin 

Madison Fred Holcomlie Mars Hill 

Martin R. Frank Everett Hamilton 

McDowell L. Penn Hunter Marion 

Mecklenburg Irwin Relk Charlotte 

Ernest L. Hicks Charlotte 

John P. Kennedy, Jr Charlotte 

Frank W. Snepp Charlotte 

Mitchell Jeter C. Hurleson (R) Bakersville 

MontRomery J. Paul Wallace Troy 

Moore H. Cli.ton Blue Aberdeen 

Nash Itimous T. Valentine, Jr Nashville 

New Hanover Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 

Northampton J. Ray nor Woodard Conway 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Oranee J. W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

Pamlico Ned Delaniar Oriental 

Pasquotank Killian Barwick Elizabeth City 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 

Perquimans Carroll R. Holmes Hert'"ord 

Person B. I. Satterfield Timberlake 

Pitt : Walter Jones Farmvill > 

Frank M. Wooten, Jr Greenville 

Polk J. Thurston Arledjfe Tryon 

Randolph Sam J. Burrow, Jr Asheliovo 

Richmond Fred W. Bynum, Jr Rockingham 

Robeson David M. Britt Fairmont 

John B. Re^an St. Pauls 

Rockin.e:ham Rad ord (J. Powell Reidsville 

RoA-an Clyde H. Harriss Salisburv 

Geo. R. Uzzell Salisbury 

Rutherford J. Toliver Davis Forest City 

Sampson Tom Newman Clinton 

Scotland Rojjer C. Kiser Laurinliurtr 

Stanly Frank N. Patterson, Jr Albemarle 

Stokes Mrs. Grace T. Rodenbough Walnut Cove 

Surry William G. Reid Pilot Mountain 

Swain C. R. Crawford Whittier 

Transylvania lames C. Gaither Brevard 

Tyrrell Wm. Charles Cohoon Columbia 

Union S. Glenn Hawtield Monroe 

Vance A. A. Zollicotier, Jr. Henderson 

Wake W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh 

Philip R. Whitley Wendell 

W. Brantley Womble Gary 

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warrenton 

Washington .Dr. J. M. Phelps Creswell 

Watauga J. E. Ed mis ten Boone 

Wayne Roland C. Braswell Goldsboro 

Wilkes T. E. Story ( R ) North Wilkesbon. 

Wilson Thomas H. Woodard Wilson 

Yadkin F'rank Bryani Boon vi lie 

Yancey Harlon Holcombe Burnsville 

ENROLLING AND INDEXING DEPARTMENTS 

Enrolling Clerk T.. M. Chaffin Lillington 

Indexer of Laws William Lassiter Raleigh 



370 N()i;i 11 C'AKoi.i.NA Mam Ai. 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1959 
RULES OF THE HOUSE 

1. Order of TUisiness 

2. Conduct of Debate 

3. Motions 

4. The Previous Question 

5. \'oting 

6. Committees 

7. Handling of Bills 

8. Legislative Officers and Employees 

9. Privileges of the Hall 
10. General Rules 



Rule 1. ('onvt'uiii'' Hour. The House shall convene each legis- 
lative day at the hour fixed l)y the House on the preceding legisla- 
tive day; in case the House adjourned on the preceding legislative 
day without having fixed an hour for reconvening, the House shall 
reconvene on the next legislative day at twelve o'clock noon. 

Rule 2. Opening the Session. At the convening hour on each 
legislative day the Speaker shall call the members to order. >ind 
shall have the session opened with prayer. 

Rule 3. Quorum, (a) A (luorum consists of a majority of the 
qualified members of the House. 

(b) On the point of no quorum being raised, the doors shall 
be closed and the Clerk shall call the roll of the House, after 
which the names of the absentees shall again be called over. 
Fifteen members, including the Speaker, are authorized to compel 
the attendance of absent members, and may order that absentees 
for whom no sufficient excuses are made shall be taken into cus- 
today as they appear, or wherever they may be found l)y special 
messenger appointed for that purpose. 

Rule 4. Apju'oval of .lournal. The Committee on the Journal 
shall examine dailv the Journal of the House before the hour of 



Hoc-sE OF Repkesentatives 371 

convening- to determine if the proceedings of the previous day 
liave been correctly recorded. 

Immediately following the opening prayer and upon appearance 
of a quorum, the Speaker shall call for the report of the Com- 
mittee on the Journal as to whether or not the proceedings of 
the previous day have been correctly recorded; the Speaker shall 
then cause the Journal to be approved. Without objection, the 
Journal shall stand approved. 

Rule 5. Order of Business of the Day. After the approval of the 
Journal of the preceding day, the House shall proceed to business 
in the following order. 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials and papers addressed 
to the General Assembly or to the House. 

(2) Reports of standing committees. 

(3) Reports of select committees. 

(4) Introduction of Resolutions. 

(5) Introduction of Bills. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 

(7) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages, and 
other papers on the Calendar in their exact numerical or- 
der, unless displaced by the orders of the day; but mes- 
sages, and motions to elect officers shall always be in order. 

(8) Reading of Notices and Announcements. 

Coiuluct of Debate 

Rule 6. Duties and Towits of Speaker, (a I tlie Speaker shall 
have general direction of the Hall. He may name any member to 
perform the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend 
beyond one day, except in case of sickness or by leave of the 
House. 

(b) In the event the Speaker, by reason of physical or mental 
incapacity, is unable to name a member to perform the duties 
of the Chair, the chairman or vice-chairman of the Rules Com- 
mittee shall open the session, and the House shall thereupon pro- 
ceed to elect one of their members as Speaker pro tempore, who 
shall perform all of the duties of the Speaker until such time as 
the Speaker may assume the Chair or name another member to 
perform the duties of the Chair. 



o72 . NoKTii Cauoi.i.n.v .Mam ai. 

Rule 7. Obtjiiniiii*- Floor, (a) When any member desires recog- 
nition for any i)uri)ose, he shall rise from his seat and respectfully 
address the Si)eaker. No member shall proceed until recognized 
1)\- the Speaker. 

fill When a member desires to interrupt a member having the 
floor, he shall first obtain recognition by the Speaker and per- 
mission of the member occupying the floor, and when so recog- 
nized and such permission is obtained, he may propound a ques- 
tion to the member occupying the lloor, but he shall not propound 
a series of interrogatories or otherwise interrupt the member hav- 
ing the floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point of order 
being raised, enforce this rule. 

Rule 8. Questions of IN^rsonal I'l-ivilofic At any time, uiion 
recognition by the Speaker, anv member may arise to speak to a 
question of personal pi-ivilege, and upon objection to his proceed- 
ing, the Speaker shall determine if the question is one of privilege. 

Rule 9. Points of Order, (a) The Speaker shall decide ques- 
tions of order and may speak to points of order in preference to 
other members, rising from his seat for that purpose. Any member 
may appeal from the ruling of the Chair on questions of order; 
on such appeal no member may speak more than once, unless by 
leave of the House. A % vote of the members present shall be 
necessary to sustain any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

(b) When the Speaker calls a member to order, the member 
shall take his seat. A member called to order may clear a matter 
of fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as the 
de-ision stands. If the member appeals from the ruling of the 
Chair and the decision be in favor of the member called to order, 
he may proceed; if otherwise, he shall not; and if the case, in 
the judgment of the House require it, he shall be liable to cens- 
ure l)y the House. 

Rule 10. Jjiniitatioiis on Debate. No member shall speak more 
thfui twice on (he main question, nor longei- than thirty minutes 
for the first speech and fifteen minutes for the second speech, 
unless allowed to do so by the affirmative vote of a majority of 
the members present; nor shall he speak more than once upon 
an amendment or motion to commit or postpone, and then not 
longer than ten minutes. But the House may. by consent of a 
majority of the members present, suspend the operations of this 



House ok Rkpkksk.ntatives 373 

rule during any debate on any particular question before the 
House, or the Committee on Rules may bring in a special rule 
that shall be applicable to the debate on any bill. 

Rule 11. lloadiiiK of J'aper.s. When there is a call tor the read- 
ing of a paper which has been read in the House, and there is 
objection to such reading, the question shall be determined by a 
majority vote of the members of the House present. 

Rule 12. General Decorum, (at The Speaker shall preserve 
order and decorum. 

(b) Decency of speech shall be observed and personal reflec- 
tion carefully avoided. 

(c) While the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing 
the House, no person shall speak, stand up. walk out of or cross 
the House, nor when a member is speaking, entertain private dis- 
course, stand up, or pass between the member and the Chair. 

(d) Smoking shall not be allowed in the halls, lobbies, or the 
galleries while the House is in session; except that smoking may 
be permitted in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk. 

>I<)tions 

Rule 13. Motions Generally, (a) Every motion shall be reduced 
to writing, if the Speaker or any two members request it. 

(b) When a motion is made it shall be stated by the Speaker, 
or, if written it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by 
the Speaker or Clerk before debate. 

(c) After a motion has been stated by the Speaker or read by 
the Speaker or Clerk it shall be in possession of the House, but 
may be withdrawn before a decision or amendment, except in case 
of a motion to reconsider, which motion, when made by a mem- 
ber, shall be in possession of the House, and shall not be with- 
drawn without leave of the House. 

Rule 14. Motions, Order of rreeedence. (a) W'hen in order and 
every motion is before the House, tlie question stands as follows: 

rrevious question 

To adjourn 

To lay on the table 

To postpone indefinitely 



;!74 NoiMii Caiioi.i.na Ma>uai. 

To postpone to a day certain 

To coiniiiit 

To anicn.l an anu-ndment 

To amend 

To substitute 

To pass tho l)ill 

())) When a question is under debate, the following motions 
only shall be in order, and they shall have precedence in the order 
in which they stand arranged: 

1. To adjourn 

2. To lay on the table 

3. To postpone indefinitely 

4. To postpone to a day certain 

5. To commit 

6. To amend 

No motion to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to post- 
pone to a day certain, to commit or to amend, being decided, shall 
be again allowed at the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

Rule 15. Motion to Adjourn, (a) A motion to adjourn shall 
be seconded before the motion is put to the vote of the House. 

(b) A motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate, and 
shall always be in order, except when the House is voting or some 
member is speaking; but a motion to adjourn shall not follow a 
motion to adjourn until debate or some other business of the 
House has intervened. 

Rule 16. Motion to Table, (a) A motion to table shall be 
seconded before the motion is put to the vote of the House. 

(b) A motion to table shall be decided without debate. 

(CI A motion to table a bill shall constitute a motion to table 
the bill and all amendments thereto. 

(d) A motion to table an amendment sent up from the floor 
shall not be construed as a motion to table the principal bill or 
any other amendment which has been offered thereto, and if such 
motion is carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the table. 

Rule 17. Motion to Reconsider, (a) When a motion has been 
once made and decided in the affirmative or negative, it is in order 
for any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration 



House of Representatives 375 

thereof, on the same or succeeding legislative day, unless it may 
have subsequently passed the senate; ProvUlecl. that unless the 
vote by which the motion was originally decided was taken by a 
call of the ayes and noes, any member may move to reconsider. 

(b) A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority 
vote, except a motion to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to 
reconsider, which shall require a % vote. 

Rule 18. Motion to |)osti»on(' Indefinitely. A motion to postpone 
indefinitely is always in order except when a motion to adjourn 
or to lay on the table is before the House; however, after one 
motion to postpone indefinitely has been decided, another motion 
to postpone indefinitely shall not be allowed at the same stage of 
the bill or proposition. When a question has been postponed in- 
definitely, the same shall not be acted on again during the session, 
except upon a % vote. 

Tho I'l'evioiis Question 

Rule 19. I'revions Que.stion. The previous question may be 
called only by the member submitting the report on the bill or 
other matter under consideration, by the member introducing the 
bill or other matter under consideration, or by the member in 
charge of the measure, who shall be designated by the chairman 
of the committee reporting the same to the House at the time the 
bill or other matter under consideration is reported to the House 
or taken up for consideration. 

Rule 20. Form and Etleet of Previous Question, (a) The pre- 
vious question shall be as follows: "Shall the main question now 
be put?" When the call for the previous question has been de- 
cided in the affirmative by a majority vote of the House, the 
"main question" is on the passage of the bill, resolution or other 
matter under consideration, including all pending amendments. 
If amendments are pending, the question shall be taken upon 
such amendments in inverse order. 

(b) The call for the previous question shall preclude all mo- 
tions, amendments and debate, except the motion to adjourn made 
prior to the determination of the previous question. Should the 
motion to adjourn be made prior Lo the determination of the 
previous question the House will vote first on the motion to ad- 



376 NoKTii Cakoi.i.n.v Mam al 

joiirii and then, if the motion to adjourn fails, the luenihers will 
vote on the call for the previous question. 

((•) If the previous ((uestion is decided in the negative, the 
main question remains under debate. 

Votiiij; 

Rule 21. Statiiifi Questions, (a) The Speaker shall rise to put 
a question. 

(b) Questions shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in 
favor (as the question may be) will say 'Aye'," and after the 
affirmation voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say 
'No'." 

(c) Any member may call for a question to be divided into two 
or more propositions to be voted on separately, and the Speaker 
shall determine whether the question admits of such a division. 

Rule 2 2. Deterinining- Questions. Unless otherwise provided by 
the Constitution of North Carolina, all questions shall be deter- 
mnided by the members present and voting. 

Rule 23. Votiiif> by Division. Any member may call for a divis- 
ion of the members upon the question before the result of the 
vote has been announced. Upon a call for a division, the Speaker 
shall cause the number voting in the affirmative and in the nega- 
tive to be determined. Upon a division and count of the House 
on any question, no member out of his seat shall be counted. 

Rule 24. Roll Call \ote. Before a question is put, any member 
may call for the ayes and noes; and if the call is sustained by one 
fifth of the members present, the question shall be decided by 
the ayes and noes upon a roll call vote, taken alphabetically. 

(b) Every member who is in the hall of the House when the 
question is put shall give his vote upon a call of the ayes and 
noes, unless the House for special reasons shall excuse him, and 
no application to be excused from voting or to explain a vote shall 
be entertained unless made before the call of the roll. The hall 
of the Houfae includes the lobbies and offices connected with the 
hall. 

Rule 25. Votinji I»y Absentees, (a) No member shall vote on any 
question when he was not present when the question was put by 
the Speaker, except by the consent of the House. 



House of Repkesextatives 377 

(b) If any member is necessarily absent on temporary busi- 
ness of the House wlien a vote is taken upon any question, upon 
entering the House he shall be permitted, on request, to vote, 
Provided that the result shall not be aft'ected thereby. 

(c) When a member who is present is paired with an absent 
member, he shall, when his name is called on a roll call vote, an- 
nounce the pair, .which shall bs recorded by the clerk. 

Rule 2 6. Voting by Spcakc-r. In all elections the Speaker may 
vote. In all other cases he may exercise his right to vote, or he 
may reserve this right until there is a tie; but in no case shall 
he be allowed to vote twice on the same question. 

('olnlllittee^s 

Rule 27. Coiiiiiiittoes Generally, (a) All committees shall be 
appointed by the Speaker, unless otherwise specially ordered by 
the House. 

(b) Any member may excuse himself from serving on any com- 
mittee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

(c) The Chairman and five other members of any committee 
shall constitute a quorum of that committee for the transaction 
of business. 

(d) In any joint meeting of the Senate and House committees, 
the House Committee may in its discretion reserve the right to 
vote separately. 

Rule 28. AppointiiKMit of Standiiifi ronnnitteos. (a) At the 

commencement of the session the Speaker shall appoint a stand- 
ing committee on each of the following subjects, namely: 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Banking. 

On Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry. 

On Commission and Institutions for the Blind. 

On Congressional Districts. 

On Conservation and Development. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities and Towns. 

On Courts and Judicial Districts. 

On Education. 



378 X(ii;i 11 C'AKoi.iNA Mamal 

On Elections and Election Laws. 

On Employment Security. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On E.xpenditures of the House. 

On Federal and Interstate Cooperation. 

On Finance. 

On Health. 

On Higher Education. 

On Institutions for the Deaf. 

On Insurance. 

On the Journal. 

On Judiciary No. 1. 

On Judiciary No. 2. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Local Government. 

On Manufacturers and Labor. 

On Mental Institutions. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Roads and Highway Safety. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senatorial Districts. 

On State Government. 

On Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement. 

On Veteran's Legislations. 

On Wildlife Resources. 

Joint roniiiiittees 

On Enrolled Bills. 

On Library. 

On Printing. 

On Trustees of University. 

(b) The first member announced on each committee shall be 
chairman, and where the Speaker so desires he may designate a 
co-chairman and one or more vice chairmen. 



House of Rkpukskntativks 379 

Rule 29. Staiidinji ("oininittoe M*'«'tiiij>s. (a) Standing commit- 
tees and sub-committees of standing committees shall be furnish- 
ed with suitable meeting places. 

(bl Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (c) and (d) of 
this Rule, standing committees and subcommittees thereof shall 
permit other members of the General Assembly, the press, and 
the general public to attend all sessions of said committees or 
subcommittees. 

(c) The chairman or other presiding officer shall have general 
direction of the meeting place of the committee or subcommittee 
and, in cass of any disturbance or disorderly conduct therein, or 
if the peace, good order, and proper conduct of the legislative 
business is hindered by any individual or individuals, the chair- 
man or presiding ofticer shall have power to exclude from the 
session any individual or individuals so hindering the legislative 
business or, if necessary, to order the meeting place cleared of 
all persons not members of the committee or subcommittee. 

(d) Upon th affirmative vote of a majority of the members of 
any standing committee or subcommittee, executive sessions may 
be held, but in no event shall final action be taken in executive 
sessions. 

(e) Procedure in the committees shall be governed by the 
rules of the House, so far as the same may be applicable to such 
procedure. 

Rule 30, Coniniittee Heariiis^i. The Chairmen of all committees 
shall notify, or cause to be notified, the first named introducer on 
such bills as are set for hearing before their respective committees 
as to the date, time and place of such htaring. 

Rule 31. Conimittee of the Whole Hoii.sc. (a) A Committee of 
the whole House shall not be formed, except by suspension of the 
rules, if there be objection by any member. 

(b) After passage of a motion to form a Committee of the 
Whole House, the Speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside 
in committee, and the Speaker shall leave the Chair. 

(c) The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in 
the Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be appli- 
cable, except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the 
previous questioii. 



380 NOKTH CaKOI I\A Ma.MAI, 

(d) In the Committee of the Whole House a motion that the 
committee ris:^ shall always be in order, except when a member 
is speaking, and shall be decided without debate. 

(e) When a bill is submitted to the Committee of the Whole 
House, it shall be read and debated by sections, leaving the pre- 
amble to be last considered. The body of the bill shall not be 
defaced or interlined, but all amendments, noting the page and 
line, shall be duly entered by the Clerk on a separate paper as 
the same shall be agreed to by the committee, and so reported 
to the House. After report, the bill shall again be subject to 
be debated and amended by sections before a question on its pas- 
sage be taken. 

Haiullin^ of Hills 

Rule 3 2. Introduction of Bills and Kesolutions. Every l)ill shall 
be introduced in regular order of business, except upon permis- 
sion of the Speaker or on the report of a committee. 

(b) Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly 
endorse thereon the substance of the same. 

Rule 3 3. I'apers Addressed to tlic House. Petitions, memorials 
and other papers addressed to the House shall be presented by the 
Speaker; a brief statement of the contents thereof may be verb- 
ally made by the Introducer before reference to a committee, but 
such papers shall not be debated or decided on the day of their 
first being read, unless the House shall direct otherwise. 

Rule 34. Introduction of Hills, Copies Required, (a) Whenever 
any resolution or bill is introduced a carbon copy thereof shall 
be attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall cause said car- 
bon copy to be numbered as the original resolution or bill is 
numbered, and shall cause the same to be available at all times 
to the member introducing the same. 

(b) Whenever a public bill is introduced seven carbon copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill, and any bill submitted without 
the required number of copies shall be immediately returned to 
the introducer. The Clerk shall stamp the copies with the number 
stamped upon the original bill. 

Rule 3 5. Frintinj-- of Hills. The Clerk shall deliver to the Public 
Printer carbon copies of the bills designated to be printed, and 



HorsE OF Repkesextatives 381 

shall cause four hundred copies of each to be printed. On the 
morning following the delivery of the printed copies, the Chief 
Clerk shall cause the chief page to have one copy thereof put 
upon the desk of each member and shall retain the other printed 
copies in his office. A sufficient number of printed copies for the 
use of the committee to which the bill is referred shall be de- 
livered to the chairman or clerk of that committee by the chief 
page. If the bill is passed by the House the Chief Clerk shall de- 
liver the remaining copies to the Principal Clerk of the Senate for 
the use of the Senate. 

(b) The cost of printing shall be paid from the contingent 
fund of the House of Representatives. 

Rule 3 6. Reference to Coininittee. Each bill not introduced on 
the report of a committee shall immediately upon its introduction 
be referred by the Speaker to such committee as he deems ap- 
propriate. 

Rule 3 7. Report by Coininittee. All bills and resolutions shall 
be reported from the committee to which referred, with such 
recommendations as the committee may desire to make. 

(a) Favorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with 
the recommendation that it be passed, the bill shall be placed 
on the favorable calendar. 

(b) Rejiort Without I'rejudice. When a committee reports a 
bill without prejudice, the bill shall be placed on the favorable 
calendar. 

(c) rnfavorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with 
the recommendation that it be not passed, and no minority re- 
port accompanies it, the bill shall be placed on the unfavorable 
calendar. 

(d) Minority Report. WHien a bill is reported by a committee 
with a recommendation that it be not passed, but it is accom- 
panied by a minority report signed by at least V^ of the mem- 
bers of the committee who were present and voting when the 
bill was considered in committee, the question before the House 
shall be: "The adoption of the minority report." If the minority 
report is adopted by majority vote the bill shall be placed on the 
favorable calendar for consideration. If the minority report fails 
of adoption by a majority vote, the bill shall be placed on the un- 
favorable calendar. 



382 NoHTii Cakom.na Mam ai. 

Rule 38. Hciiioviiift IJ'll t'l'om riil'av<)iabl<' ("alcndar. A bill 
may be removed from the unfavorable calendar upon motion car- 
ried by a % vote. A motion to remove a bill from the unfavor- 
able calendar is not debatable, but the movant may, before mak- 
ing the motion, make a brief and concise statement, not more than 
five minutes in length, of the reasons for the motion. 

Rule 39. Hi'ports on Ai)j)i'()i)riali()ii and li«'v»'nue IJills. All com- 
mittees, other than the Committee on Appropriations, when fav- 
orably reporting any bill which carries an appropriation from the 
State, shall indicate same in the report, and said bill shall be re- 
ferred to the Committee on Appropriations for a further report 
before being acted upon by the House. All committees, other 
than the Committee on Finance, when favorably reporting any bill 
wliich in any way or manner raises revenue or levies a tax or 
authorizes the issue of bonds or notes, whether public, public- 
local, or private, shall indicate same in the report, and said bill 
shall be referred to the Committee on Finance for a further report 
before being acted upon by the House. 

Rule 40. Recall of Bill from Committee. When a bill has been 
introduced and referred to a committee, if after ten days the 
committee has failed to report thereon, then the introducer of 
the bill or some member designated by him may, after three days' 
public notice given in the House, on motion supported by a vote 
of % of the members present and voting, recall the same from 
the committee to the floor of the House for consideration and 
such action thereon as a majority of the members present may 
direct. 

Rule 41. Calendars. The Clerk of the House shall keep a 
separate calendar of the public, local, and private bills, and shall 
number them in the order in which they are introduced, and all 
bills shall be disposed of in the order they stand upon the Calen- 
dar; but the Committee on Rules may at any time arrange the 
order of precedence in which bills may be considered. 

Rule 42. Readings of Bills, (a) Every bill shall receive three 
readings in the House previous to its passage. The introduction 
of the bill shall constitute its first reading, and the Speaker shall 
give notice at each subsequent reading whether it be the second 
or third reading. 



House of Representatives 383 

(b) No bill shall be read more than once on the same day 
without the concurrence of % of the members present and voting. 

Rule 43. Effect of Defeated IJill. (a) Subject to the provisions 
of subsection (b) of this Rule, after a bill has been tabled or has 
failed to pass on any of its readings, the contents of such bill or 
the principal provisions of its subject matter shall not be em- 
bodied in any other measure. Upon the point of order being 
raised and sustained by the Chair, such measure shall be laid 
upon the table, and shall not be taken therefrom except by a 
% vote. 

(b) No local bill shall be held by the Chair to embody the 
provisions of or to be identical with any Statewide measure which 
has been laid upon the table, or failed to pass any of its readings. 

Rule 4 4. AineiidiJieiits and Riders. No. amendment or rider to 
a bill before the House shall be in order unless such rider or 
amendment is germane to the bill under consideration. 

Rule 4 5. Conference Committees. Whenever the House shall 
decline or refuse to concur in amendments put by the Senate to 
a bill originating in the House, or shall refuse to adopt a substi- 
tute adopted by the Senate for a bill originating in the House, a 
conference committee shall be appointed upon motion made, 
consisting of the number named in the motion; and the bill un- 
der consideration shall thereupon go to and be considered by the 
joint conferees on the part of the House and Senate. 

(b) Only such matters as are in difference between the two 
houses shall be considered by the conferees, and the conference 
report shall deal only with such matters. The conference report 
shall not be amended. 

(c) Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of Congress shall govern the appointment, conduct, and 
reports of the conferees. 

LejiLslative Officers and Emplo.yees 

Rule 4 6. Elected Officers. The House shall elect a Principal 
Clerk, a Reading Clerk, and a Sergeant-at-Arms. The Princii)al 
Clerk shall continue in office until another is elected. 

Rule 4 7. Assistants to I'rincipal Clerk and Serf>«'ant-at-Arnis. 

The Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may appoint, with 



384 Noin II Cakoi.i.na Mam ai. 

the ai)i)r()val of the Speaker, such assistants as may be nscessary 
to the efficient discharge of the duties of their various oft'ices. 
One or more of such assistants may be assigned by the Speaker 
from the Principal Clerk's office to the oft"ica of the Attorney 
General for the purpose of drafting bills. 

Rule 48. Speaker's (hik, ("liitplain, and raj><'><- (a) The Speak- 
er may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, a Chaplain of the House, 
and he may also appoint ten pages to wait upon the sessions 
of the House; when the pressure of business may require, the 
Speaker may appoint five additional pages. 

(b) When the House is not in session the pages shall be under 
the supervision of the Principal Clerk. 

Rule 49. Cominitt*'*' Clerks, (a) The Chairman of each of the 
following committees may, with the approval of the Speaker, ap- 
point a clerk to his committee: Agriculture; Appropriations; 
Banks and Banking; Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry; 
Conservation and Development; Constitutional Amendments; 
Corporations; Counties, Cities, and Towns; Courts and Judicial 
Districts; Education; Elections and Election Laws; Employment 
Security; Finance; Health; Higher Education; Insurance; Judici- 
ary No. 1; Judiciary No. 2; Local Government; Manufacturers and 
Labor; Mental Institutions; Military Affairs; Penal Institutions; 
Propositions and Grievances; Public Utilities; Public Welfare; 
Roads and Highway Safety; Rules; Salaries and Pees; Senatorial 
Districts; State Government; Veteran's Legislation; and Wildlife 
Resources. 

(b) Whenever the Speaker deems it advisable, he may assign 
a clerk to act for two or more committees. 

(c) The leader of the minority party may, with the approval of 
the Speaker, be assigned a clerk. 

(d) With the exception of the Clerks appointed to the com- 
mittees on Appropriations. Finance, Judiciary No. 1 and Judiciary 
No. 2, the clerks of all the above named committees, when not on 
duty with their specific committees, shall report to and be under 
the supervision of the Principal Clerk of the House for assign- 
ment to special duty with other committees and to serve the con- 
venience of the members of the House. 

Rule 50. ("onipeiisation of Clerks. No clerk, laborer, or other 
person employed or appointed under Rules 4 7, 48, and 4 9 hereof 



House of Represp:ntatives 385 

shiiU receive during such employment, appointment, or service 
any compensation from any department of tlie State Government, 
or from any otlier source, and tliere sliall not be voted, paid or 
awarded any additional pay, bonus or gratuity to any of them, 
but they shall receive only the pay now provided by law for such 
duties and services. 

Privileges of tlie Hall 

Rule 51. Admittance to Floor. No person except members, of- 
ficers and employees of the General Assembly, Judges of the Su- 
preme and Superior Courts, State officers and former members 
of the General Assembly who are not registered under the provis- 
ions of Article 9 of Chapter 120 of the General Statutes of North 
Carolina shall be allowed on the floor of the House or in the 
lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk during its session, unless 
permitted by the Speaker. 

Rule 5 2. Artmittanoe of Press. Reporters wishing to take down 
debates may be admitted by the Speaker, who shall assign such 
places to them on the floor or elsewhere, to effect this object, as 
shall not interfere with the convenience of the House. 

Rule 53. Extending' Courtesies. No motion to suspend the rules 
for the purpose of extending the courtesies of the floor, lobby or 
gallery shall be made during the consideration of the Public Cal- 
endar, except upon motion of the Speaker. 

Rule 5 4. Order in Galleries and Lobbies. In case of any dis- 
turbance or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobby, the 
Speaker or other presiding officer is empowered to order the same 
to be cleared. 

General Rules 

Rule 5 5. Attendance of Members. No member or officer of the 
House shall absent himself from the service of the House without 
leave, unless from sickness or disability. 

Rule 5 6. Documents to be Signed by tlie Speaker. All acts, ad- 
dresses, and resolutions and all warrants and subpoenas issued 
by order of the House shall be signed by the Speaker or Presiding 
Officer. 



386 Nnirni Cakoiixa Maxiat. 

Rule f)?. Hiilcs, Hoscission or .Alt oration. No standing rule or 
order shall be rescinded or altered without one day's notice given 
on the motion thereof, and to sustain such motion % of the 
House shall be required. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE 
OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Alphabetically Arranged 

COMMITTEE ()\ AGHICUI.TVKE 

Chaik.man: Mlrphy 

Vice-Chaikmax: Britt of Bi.adex 

Vice-Chairmax: Gregory 

Vice-Cti AiRAiAx: Yates 

Rep.: Ansell, Askew, Braswell, Britt of Robeson, Bryant, Bur- 
gess, Byruni, Delamar, Dill, Everett, Hardy, Hargett, Hawfield, 
Herbert, High, Jackson, Johnson, Kiser, Lloyd, Murphrey, New- 
man, O'Neal, Palmer, Philpott, Raby, Rodenbough, Satterfield, 
Sermons, Spruill, Stone, Thomas, Valentine, Venters. Wallace, 
Watkins, Whitehurst, Whitley, Wicker, Williamson, Wilson, 
Woodard of Northampton, Wooten. 

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 

Chaik.max: Harriss of Rowax 

Vice-Chairmax : Biciiaxax 

Vice-Chair max: Doightox 

Vice-Chaikmax: Hii.i, of Dirham 

VlCE-ClIAIRMAX: ZOLLH offer 

Rep.: Ansell, Belk, Black, Blue, Bowman, Braswell. Britt of 
Bladen, Britt of Robeson, Brock, Bryant, Burgess, Burleson, 
Bynum, Byrum, Childers, Cover, Dill, Edmisten, Etheridge, Gob- 
ble, Greenwood, Gregory, Hardy, Hawfield, Herbert, Hicks, High, 
Holcombe of Madison, Holcombe of Yancey, Horton, Humphrey, 
Hunt, Hunter, Isaac, Jackson, Johnson, Jones of Aslie, Jones of 



HorsE OF Rkpresextatives 387 

Pitt, Kerr, Kiser, Lackey, Lloyd, Murphrey, Newman, Palmer, 
Patterson, Quinn, Raby, Sermons, Thomas, Umstead, Valentine, 
Venters, Williamson, Wilson, Womble, Woodard of Wilson, Yates. 

COMMITTEE OX BANKS AND BANKING 

C'HAiiiArAx: McLaugjii.ix 

Vice-Chaii<ma> : Leathekman 

Vke-Ciiaikm \.\: Whitley 

Rep.: Arledge, Askew, Belk, Braswell, Bryant, Cliilders, Court- 
ney, Cover, Dill, Doughton, Drummond, Hardy, Harriss of Rowan, 
Hicks, Hill of Durham, Holcombe of Yancey, Holmes, Jackson, 
Jordan, Kennedy, Murphrey, Palmer, Phelps, Philpott, Regan, 
Rodenbough, Sermons, Taylor, Thomas, Venters. Wallace, White- 
hurst, Wicker, Williamson, Woodard of Northampton, Woodard 
of Wilson, Zollicoffer. 



COMMITTEE OX 
COMMERCIAIv FISHERIES AXD OYSTER IXDUSTHY 

Chair-Max: O'Neal 

Vice-Chairmax: Bell 

Vice-Chairmax : Delamar 

Rep.: Ansell, Barwick, Bowman, Britt of Bladen, Burgess, 
Byrum, Cohoon, Etheridge, High, Murphy, Phelps, Sermons, 
Spruill, Venters, Whitehurst, Williamson. Wooten. 



COMMITTEE OX 
COMMISSIOXS AXD IXSTITUTIOXS FOR THE BLIXD 

Chairman: Burgess 
Vice-Chairmax : Satterkiei n 

Rep.: Belk, Davis of Lenoir, Davis of Rutherford. Everett, 
Hardy, Herbert, Holcombe of Madison, Holmes, Humphrey, Kiser, 
Phelps, Powell, Raby, Strayhorn, Taylor, Thomas, Whitehurst, 
Wicker, Williamson. 



388 NoFirii Cakoi i.w Mamai, 

('OM.MITTKE ON < ().\<;i{KSSI().\AI> DISTRICTS 

Chaiu.man: Rkitt of Bladex 

ViCE-Cll A I K M A .\ : HiC KS 

Rep.: Black, Brook, Byrd, Coates, Crawford of Buncombe, Dill, 
Dolley, Doughton, Hill of Catawba, Holconibe of Madison, Isaac, 
Jones of Ashe, Lackey, Long, Quinn, Story, Taylor, Whitehurst. 

COMMITTEE 0\ (OWEHSATIOX AND DEVEI.OrMEXT 

Co-Chaikmax: Buchanan & Ethekidge 

ViCE-CH AIRMAN : BOW.MAN 

Rep. : Ansell, Arledge, Barwick, Blue, Brock, Bryant, Burgess, 
Burrow, Childers, Cohoon, Cover, Delamar, Dill, Doughton, 
Gaither, Greenwood, Hardy, Harriss of Rowan. Hawfield, Herbert, 
High, Hill of Durham, Holcombe of Yancey, Horton, Hunt, Jack- 
son, Johnson, Jones of Ashe, Jones of Pitt, Lloyd, Newman, 
O'Neal, Palmer, Patterson, Philpott, Raby, Rodenbough, Satter- 
field, Sermons, Stone, Story, Thomas, Turner, Whitmire, Wicker, 
Wooten. 

COMMITTEE OX COXSTITVTIOXAL AMEXDMEXTS 

Chairman: Zoi.i.k offer 
Vke-Chairman: Uzzell 

Rep.: Bell, Black, Bowman, Bynuni, Childers, Dill, Harriss of 
Rowan, Harris of Wake, High, Horton, Hostetler, Humphrey, 
Jordan, Kemp, Kennedy, Kerr, Kiser, Leatherman, McLaughlin. 
Patterson, Reid, Snepp, Story, Strayhorn, Taylor, Turner, Valen- 
tine, Whitmire, Williamson, Woodard of Wilson, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE OX COKPORATIOXS 

Chairman: Childers 
Vice-Chairman: Bynvm 
Vice-Chairman : Venters 

Rep.: Barwick, Belk, Braswell, Britt of Robeson, Brock, 
Buchanan, Burleson, Crawford of Buncombe, Davis of Rutherford, 



House of Rkpkksk.ntatives 389 

Dolley, Harriss of Rowan, Holmes, Humphrey, Jordan, Leather- 
man, Lloyd, Long, Murphrey, Valentine, Womble, Wooten, Yar- 
borough. 

(OMMITTEE OX < Ol N'TIKS, < ITIES AXD TOWNS 

CllAlK.MA.X; 1)11.1. 

Vice-Chairman: Coates 
Vk E-C 11 A 1 1! M A .\ : H r xt 

Rep.: Ansell, Belk, Blue, Britt of Robeson, Brock, Burleson, 
Bynum, Courtney, Davis of Rutherford, Drummond, Gobble, Har- 
riss of Rowan, Henley, Hicks, Hill of Durham, Holcombe of Madi- 
son, Humphrey, Hunter, Isaac, Jackson, Johnson, Jones of Ashe, 
Jones of Pitt, Kiser, Murphrey, Palmer, Quinn, Rodenbough, 
Sermons, Spruill, Story, Taylor, Umstead, Valentine, Whitley, 
Wicker, Woodard of Northampton, Woodard of Wilson, Wooten, 
Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE OX COURTS AXD JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Chairmax: LroYD 
ViCE-Cii.viRM.\x: Harris of Wake 

Rep.: Barwick, Bell, Black, Braswell. Britt of Robeson, Brock, 
Buchanan, Burleson, Bynum, Byrd, Childers, Crawford of Swain, 
Davis of Rutherford, Dill, Dolley, Gobble, High, Holcombe of 
Madison, Holmes, Hostetler, Humphrey, Isaac, Jordan. Kennedy, 
Leatherman Story, Taylor, Womble. 

( OMMITTEE OX EDUCATIOX 

Chaikmax: Haiuiktt 

Vice-Chair.aiax: Birgess 

Vice-Chairmax: Kiser 

Vice-Chair m a x : Yarboroig n 

Rep.: Ausell, Arledge, Bell, Black, Blue, Braswell, Britt of Bla- 
den, Britt of Robeson, Brock, Bryant, Burrow, Courtney, Cover, 
Davis of Lenoir, Delamar, Dill, Doughton, Drummond, Etheridge, 
Greenwood, Hawfield, Henley, Herbert, High, Hill of Durham, 



390 NoicTii Cakoi.i.na Mam ai. 

Horton. Jackson, Johnson, Jones of Pitt. Kennedy, Lackey, Lloyd, 
Lons, Newman. Patterson, Powell, Raby, Rodenbough, Satterfield, 
Story, Thomas, Valentine, Venters, Whitmire, Williamson. Wilson, 
Yates. 

( OMMITTEE OX ELE( TIOXS AM) ELECTION LAWS 

Chairman: Hoi.co.mbe ok Yancey 

Vice-Chairman : Regan 

Vice-Chairman : Wallace 

Rep.: Arledge, Bowman, Burleson, Doughton, Edmisten, Gai- 
ther, Herbert, Holcombe ot Madison, Isaac, Johnson, Jones of 
Ashe, Jordan, Kerr, Leatherman. Lloyd, Long, McLaughlin, Mur- 
phrey. Murphy, Phelps, Philpott, Raby, Reid, Rodenbough, Snepp, 
Story, Taylor, Turner, Umstead, Uzzell, Whitmire, Yarborough, 
Yates. 

COMMITTEE 0\ EMPLOYMENT SECURITY 

Chairman : Wallace 
Vice-Chairman: Quinn 
• Vice-Chairman: Watkins 

Rep.: Arledge, Askew. Bell. Bowman. Bryant. Burleson, Coates, 
Drummond. Edmisten. Gobble, Greenwood, Gregory, Henley, Hill 
of Durham. Hostetler. Humphrey, Jones of Pitt, Kemp, Lackey. 
Patterson, Philpott, Powell, Uzzell, Whitley, Woodard of Wilson. 

COMMITTEE OX EXGHOSSED lilLLS 

Chair:\ian: Gohble 
Viie-Chairman: W^ooten 

Rep.: Burgess, Bynum. Davis of Lenoir, Isaac, Quinn. Wicker. 

COMMITTEE OX EXFEXDITUHES OF THE HOUSE 

Chairman: Cover 
Vice-Chairman: Crawford of Swain 

Rep. : Arledge, Kiser, Thomas, Umstead. 



House of Representatives 391 

COMMITTEE 0\ 
FEDEHx\I. AM) IXTEHSTATE ( OOI'EHATION 

Chaikmam Jones oe Ashe 
Vice-Chaiuman: Wicker 

Rep.: Burgess, Crawford of Swain, Hicks, Kennedy, Murphy, 
Regan, Story, Woodard of Northampton, Zollicoffer. 



COMMITTEE ON FIXA\( E 

CHAIR^rAN: Bi.ie 

Vice-Ciiair.m AX : Askew 

Vice-Chairmax: Kemp 

Vi(-'p>CnAiK.MAX : 1'hii.i'ott 

Vice-Chairmax: Sxepp 

Rep.: Arledge, Barwick, Bell, Burrow, Byrd, Coates, Cohoon, 
Courtney, Crawford of Buncombe, Crawford of Swain, Davis of 
Lenoir, Davis of Rutherford, Delamar, Dolley, Drummond, Everett, 
Gaither, Hargett, Harriss of Rowan, Harris of Wake, Henley, 
Hill of Catawba, Holmes, Hostetler, Jordan, Kennedy, Long, Mc- 
Laughlin. Murphy, O'Neal, Phelps, Powell, Regan, Reid, Roden- 
bough, Satterfield, Spruill, Stone, Story, Strayhorn, Taylor, Turn- 
er, Uzzell, W^allace, Watkins, Whitehurst, W'hitley, Whitmire, 
Wicker, Woodard of Northampton, Wooten, Yarborough. 



COMMITTEE OX HEALTH 

C H A I K .M A X : Venter s 
Vke-Ch airman: Byrum 
Vice-Chairman: Phelps 

Rep.: Black, Blue, Britt of Robeson, Bryant, Burrow, Bynum, 
Davis of Lenoir, Gaither, Henley, Holcombe of Yancey, Horton, 
Hunt, Hunter, Isaac, Jackson, Powell, Reid, Rodenbough, Sat- 
terfield, Stone, Story, Umstead, Wilson, Woodard of Wilson. 



392 NoKiii Cahom.na Mamai. 

( OM.MITTEK ON HK^HKIt KDICATION 

Chaik.ma.v: Hill, ok Dtiuiam 

VU I>('11AII!.M A.\" : J)()r(.HT().N 

V I ( i;-( " 1 1 A I u M A \ : ll( 1 1 ii: \ Horc ; 1 1 

Rep.: Belk. Burrow, Davis of Lenoir, Dolley, Dvummond, 
Greenwood, Hargett, Harris of Wake, Hawfield, Horton, Hosteller, 
Isaac, Johnson, Kennedy. Riser, McLaughlin, Reid, Sermons, 
Taylor, Turner, Umstead, Uzzell, Watkins, Whitley, Whitmire, 
Wilson, Yarborough. 



( OMMITTEE OX IXSTITl TIOXS 1 OH THE DEAF 

Chairman : Lkathkrma.v 

ViCE-ClIAIRMAX : Hkm.ky 

Rep.: Bell, Byrd, Coates, Davis of Lenoir, Gobble, Gregory, 
Hardy, Jordan. Kemp, Long, Whitley, Wicker. 



( OMMITTEE OX IXSUKAXCE 

Chairman ; Hostkttlkr 

Vick-Chairm AN : Davis of Ri thkrkird 

Vke-Chairman : Wilson 

Rep.: Askew, Barwick. Belk, Black, Blue, Braswell, Burleson, 
Burrow, Childers, Etheridge, Gaither, Gregory, Harriss of Rowan, 
Harris of Wake. High, Hill of Durham, Holcombe of Yancey, 
Horton, Humphrey, Hunt, Hunter, Jordan, Lloyd, Murphrey, 
Palmer, Patterson, Stone, Watkins, Woodard of WMlscn. 



COMMITTEE OX JOLRXAL 

Chairman: Yates 
Vu e-Chaikman: Crawford of Buncombe 

Rep.: Gobble, Herbert, Hicks, Hill of Durham, Huni, Lackey, 
Thomas, Whitley. 



House of Represkntatives 393 

COAnHTTEK ON JIDK lAHY XO. 1 

Chairman; Turner 

Vice-Chairman: I.eathermax 

Vice-Chairman : Lonc; 

Rep.: Black. Bowman, Byrd. Crawford of Buncombe. Davis of 
Rutherford, Harris of Wake, High, Hosteller, Jones of Pitt, Kerr, 
McLaughlin, Regan, Raid, Snepp, Strayhorn, Uzzell, Venters, 
Whitley, Williamson, Wooten, Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON .11 l)l( lAKV XO. 2 

Chairman: Valentine 
Vice-Chairman: Holmes 
Vice-Chairman: Taylor 

Rep.: Barwick. Braswell, Britt of Robeson, Brock, Buchanan, 
Bynum, Childers, Dill, Dolley, Horton, Humphrey, Jordan, Ken- 
nedy, Lloyd, Murphrey, Patterson, Satterfield, Story, Whitmire, 
Womble, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE OX .JUSTK ES OF THE I»EA( E 

CHAiRiiAN : Powell 
Vi' e-Chair.man: Phelps 

Rep.: Britt of Bladen, Brock, Cohoon, Davis of Rutherford, 
Henley, Herbert, Isaac, Raby. 

COMMITTEE OX LOCAL GOVEHXMEXT 

Chairman: Kemp 

Vi( e-Chaibman : Childer.s 

Vice-Chairman: Jordan 

Rep.: Arledge, Askew, Bell, Black, Braswell, Bryant, Buchanan, 
Burrow, Byrd. Crawford of Swain, Delaniar, Dolley, Edmisten, 
Greenwood. Gregory, Hardy, Hargett, Hawfield, Henley, Herbert, 
High, Holcombe of Yancey, Hostetler, Kennedy, Lackey, Leather- 
man, Long, O'Neal, Powell, Regan, Snepp, Stone, Strayhorn, 
Thomas, Turner, Wilson, Womble, Zollicoffer. 



394 XoKTii Caiioi.i.na Mam ai, 

( OMMH IKK ox >l AM FACTURERS AND LABOR 

CllAllf.M A.N : WlLSO^f 

Vu K-CiiAiHMAx: Powell 

Rep.: Aiiedge, Black, Blue, Buchanan, Burrow, Byrd, Cohoon, 
Courtney, Davis of Rutherford, Dill, Dolley, Doughton, Gaither, 
Gobble, Hargett, Hawfield. Hicks, Hill of Catawba, Holcombe of 
Madison. Holmes, Johnson, Kemp, Murphy, O'Neal, Palmer, Pat- 
terson, Philpott, Quinn, Sermons, Wallace, Womble, Woodard of 
Northampton. 

co:m>httee on mental institutions 

ChAIH.MAX: U.Mi^TEAD 

Vice-Chairmax: Powell 

Rep.: Ansell, Black, Braswell, Bryant. Burleson, Byrd. Byrum, 
Cohoon, Courtney, Crawford of Swain, Davis of Lenoir, Dill, 
Drummond. Edmisten. Everett. Greenwood. Gregory. Hardy, Hill 
of Catawba, Hill of Durham, Horton, Hunt, Hunter, Jones of Pitt, 
Palmer, Rodenbough, Satterfield, Spruill, Taylor, Watkins, Whit- 
ley, Wicker, Womble, Yates. 

COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS 

CiiAiKMAx: Dei.amak 
Vice-Chaik.max : WiiiTEnrR.sr 

Rep.: Arledge, Belk, Byrd, High, Hill of Catawba, Isaac, Ken- 
nedy, Turner, Whitley. Wicker. Wilson. Yarborough. 

COMMITTEE ON RENAL INSTITUTIONS 

Chairmax: Gaither 
Vice-Chairmax: Hardy 
Vice-Chairmax: Stoxe 

Rep.: Ansell, Coates, Cohoon, Cover, Crawford of Buncombe, 
Crawford of Swain, Delamar, Edmisten, Everett, Greenwood, Har- 
riss of Rowan, Hawfield, Hicks, Hill of Catawba, Hunter, Kerr, 
Phelps, Powell. Reid, Wallace, Watkins. 



House ok Representativks 395 

rOMMlTTKE OX I'liOrOSlTlOXS AM) GRIEVANCES 

Chair.ma.v: Bo\v:\iax 
Vice-Chairm A.\ : Uzzki.i. 

Rep.: Aiiedge. Barwick, Biitt of Bladen, Buchanan, Byrum, 
Childers, Coates, Crawford of Buncombe, Drummond, Harris of 
Wake, Henley, Hill of Catawba, Kennedy, Newman, O'Neal, Quinn, 
Sei-mons, Spruill, Stone, Strayhorn, Whitehurst. 

tOMMITTEE 0\ I'UIJLK IJl ll.I)l\(iS AM) (JHOl \I)S 

Chairjia^': Satterfieu) 
Vice-Chatr:\:ax: Uzzei l 

Rep.: Blue, Brock, Childers, Doughton, Harriss of Rowan, 
Henley, Hill of Durham, Holcombe of Madison, Horton, Hunt, 
Kemp, Kennedy, Murphrey, Phelps, Philpott, Snepp, Turner, 
Watkins, Whitley, Wooten. 

COMMITTEE 0\ PUBLIC UTILITIES 

Chairman: W.\tkins 

Vice-Chair5i ax : Akledgk 

Vice-Chairman: Woohard of Wilson 

Rep.: Belk, Bell, Blue, Burleson, Byrum, Davis of Rutherford, 
Drummond, Gaither, Gregory, Harriss of Rowan, Harris of Wake, 
Henley, Hostetler. Hunt, Kemp, Kennedy, Leatherman, Long, Mc- 
Laughlin, Newman, Patterson, Quinn, Regan, Uzzell, Wallace, 
Whitehurst, Whitmire, Wicker, Womble. 

COMMITTEE OX PUBLIC WELFARE 

Chairman: Kiser 
Vice-Chairman: Jones of Pitt 

Vice-Chairman : PowEi.r. 
Vice-Chair:m AX : Rooenkouch 

Rep.: Arledge, Bryant, Burrow, Coates, Cohoon, Courtney, 
Cover, Davis of Lenoir, Dolley, Doughton, Drummond, Edmisten. 
Etheride, Everett, Greenwood, Hargett, Harris of Wake, Hicks, 



:^96 Noinu Cai;()1.i\a Mamai. 

Hunter, Isaac, Jones of Ashe, Kerr, Newman, Kaby, Reid, Snepp. 
Stone, Story, Strayhorn, Taylor, Watkins, Woodard of Northamp- 
ton. VVoodard of Wilson, Yates. 



t OMMITTEK 0.\ liOADS AM) HIGHWAY SAFETY 

Chaikmax: Womble 

VlCE-CllAIK.\lA.N . C'HH.DEKS 

Vice-Chairm AX : Guegory 

Rep.: Arledge, Askew, Black, Blue, Bowman, Braswell, Bryant, 
Buchanan, Byrd, Byrum, Coates, Cohoon, Davis of Rutherford, 
Everett, Gaither, Harriss of Rowan, Hill of Catawba, Holcombe 
of Madison, Holcombe of Yancey, Holmes, Hostetler. Hunter, 
Jones of Ashe, Kemp, Kerr, Lackey, Leatherman, McLaughlin, 
Murphrey, Murphy, O'Neal, Palmer, Phelps, Philpott, Quinn, Reg- 
an, Snepp, Spruill, Strayhorn, Uzzell, Valentine, Wallace, Wat- 
kins, Whitmire, Wicker, Woodard of Northampton. Woodard of 
Wilson, Yates. Zollicoffer. 



COMMITTEE OX SALAHIES AM) FEES 

CiiAiKMAx: Thomas 
VifE-CiiAiRMAX : Everett 

Rep.: Askew, Britt of Bladen, Coates, Cohoon, Crawford of 
Swain, Davis of Rutherford, Edmisten, Hargett, Johnson, Leather- 
man, Murphrey, Powell. Regan, Venters, Wallace, Wooten, Yates. 



COMMITTEE ON SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

Chairman: Askew 
Vice-Chairmax: Loxg 

Rep.: Burleson, Courtney, Etherdige, Gobble, Harris of Wake, 
Hawfield, Hill of Catawba, Holmes, Hunter, Kemp. Kiser. New- 
man, Powell, Sermons, Snepp, Spruill, Strayhorn, Thomas, Turn- 
er, Wallace, Whitley. 



House of Representatives 397 

COMMITTEE 0\ STATE GOVEKXMENT 

Chairman: Sxepp 

Vice-Chairman: Philpott 

ViCE-CHAIRM AX : Satteriielij 

Rep.: Barwick. Bowman, Britt of Robeson, Brock, Buchanan, 
Burrow, Bynum, Coates, Courtney, Doughton, Greenwood, Holmes, 
Humphrey, Hunter, Jackson, Johnson, Kemp, Kerr, Long, Pat- 
terson, Reid, Uzzell, Valentine, Venters, Watkins, Whitmire, Wil- 
son Woodard of Northampton, Yarborough, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE OX 
TEACHERS' AXI) STATE EMI'LOVEES' HETIHEMENT 

Chairman: Rodenbough 
Vice-Chair:\ian : Crawford of Swain 

Rep.: Barwick, Burleson, Byrd, Byrum, Davis of Lenoir, Dela- 
mar, Edmisten, Greenwood, Hardy, Hawfleld, High, Holcombe 
of Madison. Jackson, Jones of Ashe, Jones of Pitt, Lackey, Mur- 
phy, Story, Umstead. Whitehurst, Wilson, Woodard of Northamp- 
ton. 

COMMITTEE OX VETEKAX'S LEGilSLATIOX 

Chairman: Arledge 
"Fice-Chairman : Hardy 

Rep.: Braswell, Buchanan, Burleson, Coates, Courtney, Dela- 
mar, Dolley, Everett, Gaither, Greenwood, Hicks, Johnson, Lloyd, 
Murphrey, Murphy, Strayhorn, Turner. 

COMMITTEE OX AVII.DMFE KESOl'RCES 

Chairman : J on nson 

Vice-Chairman : McLaughlin 

Vice-Chairman: CNeai. 

Rep.: Ansell, Arledge, Bell, Braswell, Britt of Robeson, Bryant, 
Buchanan, Burgess, Cover, Crawford of Swain, Delamar. Edmis- 



398 Noinii Cakoiixa Mam ai. 

ten, Everett, Hargett, Herbert, Holcombe of Yancey, Hunter, 
Jackson, Jones of Ashe, Kerr, Lackey, Lloyd, Murphrey, Newman, 
Palmer, Patterson, Raby, Satterfield, Sermons, Turner, Wallace, 
Williamson, Woodard of Northampton, Yates, Zollicoffer. 



COMMITTEE <)\ lULES 

Chaikma.n: Kkkr 
Vic'E-Chair.man: Uzzi;i,i. 
Vic i>Chaikm AX : Ttk^kk 

Rep.: Askew, Britt of Robeson, Delamar, Gobble, Hardy, Hicks, 
Holmes, Jones of Pitt, Kemp, IMurphy, O'Neal, Phelps, Philpott, 
Snepp, Strayhorn, Taylor, Valentine, Whitehurst, Williamson. 
Womble, Woodard of Wilson, Zollicoffer. 



COMMITTEE ON EX ROLLED BILLS (Joint) 

Chairman: Hoi.co.muk of Madison 
Vk'E-Chaikmax : Wiiitkhi'kst 

Rep.: Bell, Britt of Bladen, Burleson, Drummond, Hill of Ca- 
tawba, Horton, Quinn, Raby, Wicker. 



( OMMITTEE 0\ LIBRA HV (Joint) 

Chairman: Woohard of Wilson 
Vice-chairman: Taylor 

Rep.: Bell, Byrum, Davis of Lenoir, Davis of Rutherford, Greg- 
ory, Hardy, Herbert, Humphrey, Hunt, Isaac, Kiser, Lackey, Long, 
Newman, Palmer, Raby, Regan, Rodenbough, Satterfield, Spruill, 
Yates. 



COMMITTEE OX PRIXTIXG (Joint) 

Chairman: Sprx'H-l 
Rep.: Britt of Bladen Crawford of Buncombe. Everett, Snepp. 



HoT'SF. OF Rfprfsentatives 399 

COMMITTEE ON TKl STEES OF THE I'MVEHSITY (Joint) 

C H A 1 K x\I A X : GK EGOR Y 
VlCE-CHAn<MAN: KiSER 

Vice-Chairmax: Woodard of Northa:mpton 

Rep.: Ansell, Belk, Black. Blue, Bowman, Britt of Bladen, Britt 
of Robeson, Brock, Buchanan, Burrow, Childers, Cover, Gaither, 
Greenwood, Hargett, Holcombe of Madison, Holcombe of Yancey, 
Hunter, Johnson, Jones of Ashe. Kemp, Leatherman, Lloyd. Palm- 
er, Patterson, Rodenbough, Satterfield, Snepp. Spruill, Stone, 
Story, Thomas, Turner, Umstead, Valentine, Wallace, Wicker, 
Williamson, Wilson, Womble. 



4U(i NouTH C-viioi.i.NA Mam AL 



SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1959 

NORTH CAROLINA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

County Name Address Seat 

Alamance George A. Long Burlington 66 

Alexander Pleas Lackey Hiddenite 81 

Alleghany J. K. Doughton Sparta 48 

Anson H. P. Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 52 

Ashe Austin Jones West Jefferson 82 

Avery Mack Isaac ( R) JNewland 100 

Beaufort Wayland J. Sermons Washington 64 

Bertie C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 9 

Bladen Sidney D. Britt Bladenboro 83 

Brunswick James C. Bowman South port 113 

Buncombe I. C. Crawford Asheville 39 

Gordon H. Greenwood Black Mountain 40 

John Y. Jordan, Jr Asheville 41 

Burke Joe K. Byrd Morganton 51 

Cabarrus Bedford W. Black Kannapolis 26 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 27 

Caldwell Danny M. Courtney Lenoir 57 

Camden S. E. Burgess Belcross 114 

Carteret D. G. Bell Morehead City 93 

Caswell Edward H. Wilson Blanche 90 

Catawba J. Henry Hill, Jr Hickory 87 

Chatham Harry Horton Pittsboro 96 

Cherokee Mrs. G. W. Cover Andrews 18 

Chowan Albert G. Byrum Edenton 77 

Clav^ Tom J. Herbert Hayesville 109 

Cleveland Jack Palmer, Jr Shelby 79 

Columbus Edward L. Williamson Whiteville 80 

Craven Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 37 

Cumberland Tohn T. Henley Hope Mills 98 

L. Sneed High Fayetteville 99 

Currituck Norwood M. Ansell Knotts Island 104 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 25 

Davidson H. Cloyd Philpott Lexington 6 

Davie B. C. Brock (R) JVIocksville 106 

Duplin Hugh S. Johnson, Jr Rose Hill 55 

Durham Watts Hill, Jr Durham 85 

Ralph N. Strayhorn Durham 86 

Edgecombe Thomas G. Dill Rocky Mount 36 

Forsyth Dan L. Drummond Winston-Salem 71 

F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 69 

Clarence E. Stone, Jr Belews Creek 70 

Franklin Edward F. Yarborough Louisburg 28 

Gaston Max L. Childers Mt. Holly 33 

Steve Dolley, Jr Gastonia 34 

Gates Allen E. Askew Gatesville 47 

Graham Leonard W. Lloyd Robbinsville 119 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 45 

Greene Herbert Hardy Maury 53 

Guilford Hubert Humphrey Greensboro 31 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 32 

Ed Kemp High Point 30 

Thomas Turner Greensboro 29 

Halifax Willis Murphrey Roanoke Rapids 73 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angier 4 

Haywood Oral L. Yates Waynesville 15 

Henderson Boyce A. Whitmire Hendersonville 107 

Hertford Roger R. Jackson, Jr Harrellsville 38 

Hoke Charles A. Hosteller Raeford 61 






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402 N()i;rii Cakoi.i.na Mamai. 



Hyde Dick O'Neal New Holland 105 

Iredell John K. McLaughlin Statesville 76 

Jackson Marcellus Buchanan Sylva 5 

Johnston Roy C. Coates Smithfield 20 

C. IJlake Thomas Smithfield 3 

Jones John M. Hai^'ett Trenton 91 

Lee T. Shelton Wicker San ford 84 

Lenoir Dr. Rachel D. Davis, III Kinston 43 

Lincoln M. T. Leatherman Lincolnton 89 

Macon James M. Raby Franklin 108 

Madison Fred Holcombe Mars Hill 78 

Martin R. Frank Everett Hamilton 59 

McDowell L. Penn Hunter Marion 118 

Mecklenburg Irwin Belk Charlotte 22 

Ernest L. Hicks Charlotte 21 

John P. Kennedy, Jr Charlotte 23 

Frank W. Snepp Charlotte 24 

Mitchell Jeter C. Burleson (R) Bakersville 110 

Montgomery J. Paul Wallace Troy 46 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 16 

Nash Itimous T. Valentine. Jr Nashville 68 

New Hanover Addi-son Hewlett, Jr Wilmingon Speaker 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conwa.v 58 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 7 

Orange J. W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 97 

Pamlico Ned Delamar Oriental 92 

Pasquotank Killian Barwick Elizabeth City 103 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 17 

Perquimans Carroll R. Holmes Hertford 8 

Person B. I. Satterfield Timberlake 19 

Pitt Walter Jones Farmville 63 

Frank M. VVooten, Jr .Greenville 65 

Polk J. Thurston Arledge Tryon Ill 

Randolph Sam J. Buirow, Jr Asheboro 115 

Richmond Fred W. Bynum, Jr Rockingham 60 

Robeson David M. Britt Fairmont 50 

John B. Regan St. Pauls 49 

Rockingham Radford G. Powell Reidsville 44 

Rowan Clyde H. Harriss Salisbury 14 

Geo. R. Uzzell Salisbury 13 

Rutherford J. Toliver Davis Forest City 1 

Sampson Tom Newman Clinton 74 

Scotland Roger C. Riser Laurinburg 2 

Stanly Frank N. Patterson, Jr Albemarle 72 

Stokes Mrs. Grace T. Rodenbough Walnut Cove 42 

Surry William G. Reid Pilot Mountain 95 

Swain C. R. Crawford Whittier 54 

Transylvania -James C. Gaither Brevard 56 

Tyrrell Wm. Charles Cohoon Columbia 117 

Union S. Glenn Hawfield Monroe 102 

Vance A. A. Zollicoffer, Jr Henderson 35 

Wake W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh 11 

Philip R. Whitley Wendell 12 

W. Brantley Womble Gary 10 

Warren John Kerr, Jr. Warren ton 112 

Washington Dr. J. M. Phelps Creswell 116 

Watauga J. E. Edmisten Boone 88 

Wayne Roland C. Braswell Goldsboro 94 

Wilkes T. E. Story (R) North Wilkesboro 101 

Wilson Thomas H. Woodard Wilson 62 

Yadkin Frank Bryant Boonville 75 

Yancey Harlon Holcombe Burnsville 67 



PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 




LUTHEK HaR'LWEI.L HoDGES 

Governor 



Biographical Sketches 

EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS 



LUTHER HAHTWELL HODGES 

GOVERNOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Luther Hartwell Hodges, Democrat, was born in Pittsylvania 
County, Virginia (only eight miles from his present home in 
Leaksville, North Carolina), March 9, 1898. Son of John James 
and Lovicia (Gammon) Hodges. Attended public schools in Leaks- 
ville and Spray; graduated from Leaksville High School in 1915; 
University of North Carolina, A. B. degree, 1919; awarded hon- 
orary LL.D. degree by University of North Carolina in 1946. 
Worked as office boy in local textile plant, 1910-1911, and as mill 
hand during summers; after graduation in 1919 became Secretary 
to General Manager of local mills; in 1938 was appointed General 
Manager of all mills of Marshall Field and Company and became 
Vice President of this corporation in 1943; retired in 1950. Spent 
over a year in West Germany as head of the Industry Division of 
the Economic Cooperation Administration; consultant to State 
Department in the latter months of 1951 on the International 
Management Conference; head of the Textile Division of the OPA 
in 1944 and consultant to the Secretary of Agriculture in 1945. 
Active in community, state and national aft'airs throughout career; 
organized one of the first vocational schools in the* State; taught 
for ten years in night school. Formerly active in Boy Scout work. 
Member Masonic Order; former Commander of local American 
Legion Post; organized and became first Secretary of the Leaks- 
ville-Spray Rotary Club; former Governor of North Carolina 
Rotary Clubs; Past President New York City Rotary Club; Inter- 
national Director Rotary, 1953-1954; former world-wide cam- 
paign chairman of the American Leprosy Society; former State 
Chairman for the North Carolina Society for Crippled Children 
Campaign, the State Cancer Campaign and the State United Fund 
Campaign; member of the Y.M.C.A. since 1910; former member of 

405 



406 NouTii Cakoli.na Manual 

the Board of Southern Y.M.C.A. Industrial Conference, Silver Bay 
Conference and Metropolitan Y.M.C.A. of New York City. Served 
as a member of the State Board for Vocational Education under 
Governor O. Max Gardner and of the State Highway and Public 
Works Commission under Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus. Has been 
active in the Democratic Party at precinct and congressional dis- 
trict levels. Elected Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina in 
November, 195 2 and succeeded to Governorship November 7, 
1954 upon the death of Governor William B. Umstead. Nominated 
as Democratic candidate for Governor on May 2 6, 1956; elected 
Governor of North Carolina on November 6, 1956; inaugurated 
on February 7, 1957. Chairman of the Southern Governors' Con- 
ference, 1957. Methodist; former Lay Leader and Steward of 
Leaksville Methodist Church. Married Martha Blakeney of Union 
County in 19 22. Two daughters, Betsy (Mrs. D. M. Bernard, Jr.) 
of Anacortes, Washington, and Nancy (Mrs. John C. Finlay ) of 
Karachi, West Pakistan; one son, Luther, Jr., an Ensign in the 
U. S. Navy. Six grandchildren. Address: Leaksville, N. C. 

THAI) EIRE 

SECRETARY OF STATE 

(Elected by the People) 

Thad Eure, Democrat, of Hertford County, was born November 
15, 1899, in Gates County, N. C. Son of Tazewell A. and Armecia 
(Langstun) Eure. Attended Gatesville High School, 1913-1917; 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1919; University Law School, 
1921-1922; Doctor of Laws (honorary), Elon College, 1958. 
Lawyer. Mayor of Winton, 1923-1928. County attorney for Hert- 
ford County, 1923-1931. Member of General Assembly of 1929, 
representing Hertford County. Principal Clerk of the House of 
Representatives, Sessions of 1931, 1933, 1935, and Extra Session. 
193 6. Presidential Elector First District of North Carolina, 1932. 
Escheats Agent, University of North Carolina. 1933-1936. Elected 
Secretary of State in the General Election of November 3, 1936, 
and assumed duties of the office December 21, 193 6. by virtue 
of executive appointment, ten days prior to the commencement 
of Constitutional term, on account of a vacancy that then occur- 
red. Re-elected Secretary of State in General Elections of 1940, 
1944, 1948, 1952 and 1956. President, Ahoskie Kiwanis Club, 



Biociit.vpiiK .\r. Skktches 407 

192 7. Theta Chi Fraternity; Junior Order, B.P.O. Elks and a 
Grand Lodge Chair Officer, 19 56; T. P. A.; Chairman Board of 
Trustees, Elon College; American Legion, Forty and Eight; Presi- 
dent. National Association of Secretaries of State, 1942. Keynote 
speaker, Democratic State Convention, 1950. Congregational 
Christian Church. Married Minta Banks of Winton, N. C, Novem- 
ber 15, 19 24. Of this union there are two children, a daughter 
and a son, Mrs. J. Norman Black, Jr. and Thad Eure, Jr. Legal 
residence, Winton, Hertford County, N. C. Official address: State 
Capitol, Raleigh. 

HENRY LEE liKllXiES 

STATE AUDITOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Henry Lee Bridges, Democrat, was born in Franklin County, 
N. C, June 10, 1907. Son of John Joseph and Ida Loraine (Car- 
roll) Bridges. Attended Wakelon High School, 1914-1920; Wiley 
School, Raleigh, 1921; Wakelon High School, 1922; Millbrook 
High School, 1923-1925; Mars Hill Junior College, A.B. degree, 
1929; Wake Forest College, B.A. degree, 1931; Wake Forest Law 
School, 193 2-193 3. Attorney-at-law. Member of the Greensboro 
Bar Association; N. C. State Bar. Deputy Clerk, Superior Court 
of Guilford County, August, 193 5-September, 1940; December, 
19 41-October, 19 42; December, 1945-June 1, 1946. (Break in 
dates caused by Military Service). Secretary and Treasurer, Guil- 
ford County Democratic Executive Committee, 193 3-1940. Presi- 
dent National Association of State Auditors, Comptrollers and 
Treasurers, 1957; Executive Director National Association of 
State Auditors, Comptrollers and Treasurers, 1958-. Member 
and Past Master of Greensboro Lodge No. 7 6 Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons. Choraz in Chapter No. 13 Royal Arch Masons; 
Ivanhoe Commandery No. 8 Knights Temi)lar; Sudan Temple 
A. A. O.N. M.S.; Societas Rosecrucians in Civitatibus Foederatis; 
Raleigh Lions Club. Enlisted in National Guard May, 193 4, as a 
Private; promoted to Sergeant, February, 1935; commissioned 
Second Lieutenant, June 18. 1935; commissioned First Lieuten- 
ant, November 18, 1939; promoted to Captain, January 28, 1943; 
to Major on inactive status, January 17, 1947. Entered Federal 
Service, September 16, 1940; released from active duty Novem- 



408 XoiMlI ('\l!nl l\A M \.\rAL 

bei' 2, Ift-ll; ncallrd lo active duly October 7, 1942; relieved 
from active duty DcccmbtM- 14, 1945. Veteran World War II, 
Post No. 5;] Anuricau Legion Local; Local No. 50 6 Forty and 
Eight. Deacon, Hayes Barton Baptist Church; Member Board 
of Trustees Wake Forest College, 1949-1952, 1955-1958. Appoint- 
ed State Auditoi- February 15, 1947; elected four-year term 1948; 
re-elected 1952 and 1956. Married Clarice Hines, December 12, 
19;-]6. Two children; Joseph Henry, age sixteen years; George 
Hines, age ihirteen years. Home address: 2618 Grant Ave., Ra- 
leigh, N. C. 

EDWIN MAUKK E GILL 

STATE TREASURER 

(Elected by the People) 

Edwin Maurice Gill, Democrat, was born in Laurin*ourg, N. C, 
July 20, 1899. Son of Thomas Jeffries and Mamie (North) Gill. 
Graduate of Laurinburg High School; Trinity College, 1922-1924. 
Representative in the General Assembly from Scotland County, 
1929 and 1931. Private Secretary, Governor Gardner, 1931-1933; 
Commissioner of Paroles, 1933-194 2; appointed Commissioner of 
Revenue by Governor Broughton, serving from July 1, 1942 to 
July 1, 1949. Admitted to the Bar, January 28, 1924, and prac- 
ticed law in Laurinburg, 19 24-1931 as a member of the firm of 
Gibson and Gill, and practiced law in Washington, D. C, 1949- 
1950 as a member of the firm of Gardner, Morrison & Rogers. 
Member of North Carolina Bar Association and the Ear of the 
District of Coluni])ia. Collector and Director of Internal Revenue, 
Greensboro, N. C, 1950-1953. Appointed by Governor Umstead 
Treasurer of North Carolina, July 20, 1953, and elected to this 
office November 2, 1954. Re-elected for four year term, November 
6, 19 56. Ex-officio: Chairman of State Banking Commission; 
Chairman of Local Government Commission; Director of Local 
Government; Chairman of Tax Review Board; Chairman and 
Investment Officer of Board of Trustees of Teachers' & State 
Employees' Retirement System; member of Board of Commission- 
ers of the Law Enforcement Ott'icers' Benefit and Retirement 
Fund; member and Investment Ott'icer for Board of Trustees of 
Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System; member of 
State Board of Education; member of State Board of Assessment; 



'had Eui'f 

Secretary of State 

[enry L. Bridges 
State Auditur 

;dn ill Gill 

State Treasurer 



fharles V. Carroll 

Superintendent (if I'ulilic 
Instnu-tiim 

lalcolm B. Seawell 
Attorney General 



,. Y. Ballentiiie 

Commissioner of Agriculture 



'rank Crane 

Commissioner of Labor 

luales F. Gold 

Commissiriner of Insurance 




410 XiiKiii Takomna Ma.ncal 

member of the Sinking Fund Commission. President American 
Parole Associjition, 1940-1941; President Southeastern State Pro- 
bation and Parole Association, 1939-1940; Director American 
Prison Association, 1939-1940. Elected member of Executive 
Committee of the National Tax Association in 194 4 for three year 
term. Elected member of Executive Committee of National As- 
sociation of Tax Administrators in 194 6 for two-year term. 
Former member of N. C. Probation Commission. IMember of State 
Art Commission since August 1, 1951. Member of the American 
Legion. Sigma Nu Phi, Legal Fraternity; Omicron Delta Kappa, 
Leadership Fraternity, honorary member, Duke University. 19 40. 
Methodist. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

( HAKLES FlSHElt CARROLL 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

(Elected by the People) 

Charles Fisher Carroll, Democrat, was born in Warsaw, North 
Carolina, March 31, 1900. Son of Charles Fisher and Agnes 
(Robinson) Carroll. Attended public schools of Warsaw, 190 6- 
1915; Trinity Park School, 1915-1917; A.B., Trinity College, 
1921; M.Ed., Duke University. 1930, LL.D. (honoraryl 1954; 
LL.D. (honorary). High Point College, 1952. Teacher and coach 
of athletics Vance County Farm Life School, Middleburg, N. C, 
19 21-192 2. Principal Buena Vista High School, R.F.D.> Hender- 
son, N. C, 19 22-19 23; Newport Consolidated School, Newport, 
N. C, 1923-19 24 and 1925-1929; Long Creek-Grady School, Pend- 
er County, 1924-1925; Bryson City Elementary and Swain County 
High Schools, Bryson City, N. C, 1929-1932. Superintendent 
Swain County Schools and Supervising Principal of Bryson City 
Elementary and Swain County High Schools, 1932-1937. Super- 
intendent High Point City Schools, High Point, N. C, 1937 to 
August, 1952'. State Superintendent of Public Instruction for 
North Carolina since August, 1952. :\lember North Carolina Edu- 
cation Association, National Education Association, American 
Association of School Administrators. Member N. C. High School 
Textbook Committee, 1936-1943; N. C. Committee on Secondary 
Schools, Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, 
1945-1950; N. C. Education Commission, 1947-49; former mem- 
ber Policies Committee of Superintendents' Division of North 



Biii(,i;ai'iii( Ai, Sketches 411 

Carolina Education Association; National Commission on Safety 
Education; Director, Council of Chief State School Officers. Mem- 
ber, Ex-Officlo, Board of Trustees of Greater University; member 
of Board, Ex-Officio, of N. C. State Art Society, Library Commis- 
sion of N. C. Local Government Employees' Retirement System. 
Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System, N. C. Recre- 
ation Commission, The N. C. Symphony Society, Inc.; N. C. Com- 
mission on Interstate Cooperation; Executive and Development 
Committee, and Advisory Council on Education for Exceptional 
Children of Southern Regional Education Board; President Asso- 
ciated Public School System, 1951-1952. Former State Director 
of Rural Education of the Department of Rural Education of the 
National Education Association. Honorary member and past 
president ol Rotary Club of High Point. Former member High 
Point Housing Authority, Parks and Recreation Commission, Li- 
brary Board, and former chairman of Budget Committee of High 
Point Community Chest. Mason. Phi Beta Kappa. Member Beta 
Omega Sigma, Kappa Delta Pi, and Omicron Delta Kappa Fra- 
ternities. Student Army Training Corps, 1918. Past Commander. 
Sergeant Freeman Post, American Legion. Coordinator of Civilian 
Defense, High Point, 1943-1945. Methodist; former Chairman 
of Board of Stewards in Bryson City Methodist Church and Wesley 
Memorial Church in High Point. Married Nellie Jane Wynne of 
Williamston. N. C. One son. Charles, Jr. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

LYXTOX YATES BAJLLENTINE 

COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE 

(Elected by the People) 

Lynton Yates Ballentine, Democrat, was born at Varina, Wake 
County, N. C, April 6. 1899. Sou of James Erastus and Lillian 
(Yates) Ballentine. Attended Oakwood and Cardenas Elementary 
Schools and Holly Springs High School, 1913-1917. Graduated 
from Wake Forest College in 19 21 with an A.B. degree, having 
specialized in political economy. Awarded honorary degree of 
Doctor of Agriculture by North Carolina State College, 1953. 
Dairyman, faimer and businessman. Member Wake County 
Board of Commissioners, 1926-1934. President, Southern Asso- 
ciation of Commissioners of Agriculture, 1952; member Executive 
Committee of the National Association of State Departments of 



412 NoiJi II Cakoi.i.na Manual 

Ai;rirultuie; Chairnian of the North Carolina Board of Farm Or- 
ganizations and Ai^rit'ultural Ag(>ncies, 1952; charter member 
am; i)ii-ector of the Agricultural Foundation of North Carolina 
State College; member. Agricultural Department Committee, 
Chamber of Commerce of the United States; Vice-Chairman, Gov- 
ernor's Advisory Farm Committee; member of Agricultural Advis- 
or>' Committee of the Democratic National Committee; member 
of the Grange, the Farm Bureau, the Raleigh Kiwanis Club; Phi 
Kappa Phi and Omicron Delta Kappa honorary fraternities. State 
Senator from the Thirteenth Senatorial District, 1937, 1939, 1941 
and 1943. Member Board of Agriculture. 1941-1944. Elected 
Lieutenant Governor November 7. 1944. Elected Chairman State 
Board of Education. 1945. Elected Commissioner of Agriculture, 
November 2, 1948; re-elected November 4, 1952 and November 6, 
1956. Named "l\Ian of the Year m Service to North Carolina 
Agriculture" for 19 51 by the Progressive Farmer and "Man of 
the Year" by the North Carolina P^arm Bureau Federation in 
January, 1952. A charter member of the Fuquay Springs Post 
of the American Legion. Baptist. Address: Varina. N. C. 

FRANK CRANE 

COMMISSIONER Ol'^ LABOR 

(Elected by the People) 

Frank Crane. Democrat, was born at Waxhaw, N. C, August 
IS. 190 7. Son of James Thomas and Mary Emma (Lathan) 
Crane. Attended Marvin Elementary School, 1913-1918; Wed- 
dington Institute, 1919-1922; Prospect High School, 1923-1927; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 1931; University of North 
Carolina Summer School of 1931, 1932, 1933 and 193 4; night 
course in Personnel Management, North Carolina State College, 
19 3 9. Athletic Director and Instructor, Welcome High School in 
Davidson County, 1931-193 4. Safety Director, North Carolina 
Industrial Commission, 193 4-1 93 8; Administrative Assistant, 
North Carolina Employment Service, 1938-193 9; Factory and 
Wage and Hour Inspector, North Carolina Department of Labor, 
1939-194(1; Director of Conciliation and Arbitration Division, 
1941-195 4. Appointed Commissioner of Labor by Governor Wil- 
liam B. Umstead for the unexpired term of the late Forrest H. 
Shuford, June 3, 1954; elected to the office of Commissioner of 



BlOGIIAIMIlCAI, Skktciies 413 

Labor in the General Election of November 2, 1954; re-elected 
for four year term November 6, 1956. Ex-officio member N. C. 
Employ The Physically Handicapped Commission; member Gov- 
ernor's Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee; Governor's Com- 
mittee on Studying Problems of Aging. Member Executive Board 
International Association of Governmental Labor Officials; Asso- 
ciation of State Mediation Agencies; Society for the Advancement 
of Management; American and State Forestry Association. Attend- 
ed twenty-two annual meetings of Southern Industrial Relations 
Conference. Member Carolina Bird Club; Raleigh Torch Club; 
Executives Club of Raleigh. Methodist. Married Edith Peacock, 
.lanuary 1. 1938. Address: 80 2' Williamson Drive, Raleigh, X. C. 

CHARLES FORTUNE GOIA) 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 

(Elected by the People) 

Charles Fortune Gold, Democrat, was born in Ellenboro, X. C, 
December 17, 1911. Son of Hattie Poe (Johnson) and the late 
Dr. Charles F. Gold. Attended Blue Ridge School for Boys, Hen- 
dersonville, N. C, graduating in 1930; Davidson College. B.S., 
1934; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1937. At- 
torney. Member, Rutherford County Bar Association and North 
Carolina State Bar; Rutherford County Club. Member and former 
Commander of Fred Williams Post No. 7 5, American Legion; 
Forty and Eight and Disabled American Veterans. Member, Sigma 
Phi Epsilon Fraternity. Solicitor of Rutherford County Recorder's 
Court, 1939 and 1940; .Judge, 1941, resigning in summer of 1942 
in order to enter armed forces. Secretary to Congressman A. L. 
Bulwinkle from December 1, 1943 to March 1. 1950. President 
Rutherford County Young Democratic Club, 193 9. National Com- 
mitteeman of the Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina. 
1941-19 46. Member Board of Trustees Alexander Schools af 
Union Mills, and member of Board of Trustees of Western Caro- 
lina Teachers College at Cullowhee. Private in Army Air Corps 
from July 27, 1942 to March 5, 1943. State Senator from the 
Twenty-seventh Senatorial District, 1951. Appointed Commis- 
sioner of Insurance N^ovember 16, 19 53 to fill unexpired term; 
nominated and elected for remainder of term in November, 1954; 
re-elected for four year term November 6, 1956. Episcopalian; 



414 Ndinii C.\i:oi,i.\A Manual 

Vestr\ 111.111. Alairied Ernestine Bailey, .June «. 1!)46. Two daugh- 
ters. Patsy Lee Gold and Elizabeth Foushee Gold. Homo address: 
rjuthei-rorclton, N. C. 

MALCOLM lU IE SEAWEf I. 

ATTORNEY GENERAL 

(Elected hy the People) 

:\Ialcolm Buie Seawell, Democrat, was born in .Jonesboro, Lee 
County, N. C.. December IS, 1909. Son of A. A. F. and Bertha 
(Smith) Seawell. Attended Sanford High School, graduating in 
1927: University of North Carolina, A.B., 1931; University of 
North Carolina Law School. LL.B., 1934: Northwestern Univer- 
.sity Law School, 1935. Mayor of Lumberton. N. C, 1947-1948; 
Solicitor 9th Solicitorial District, 1948-1955; Judge of Superior 
Court. 1955-1958. Attorney General since April of 1958. Mason. 
Presbyterian; Elder. Married Frances Bruton Poole, June 9, 
193 6. One son, Malcolm Buie Seawell. Jr.. and one daughter, 
Terrell Johnson Seawell. Home address: Lumberton, N. C. 

WALTER FOSTER ANDERSON 

DIRECTOR STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

(Appointed by the Attorney General) 

Walter Foster Anderson, Democrat, was born in Davie County, 
North Carolina, October 8, 1903. Son of James Garfield and 
Tobitha (Tutterow) Anderson. Attended Mocksville High School; 
Rutherford College; FBI National Academy, Washington, D. C; 
Institute of Government. University of N. C, Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Became a member of the Winston-Salem Police Department in 
1925; Chief Winston-Salem Police Department, 193 5-1942; Chief 
Charlotte Police Department, 1942-1946; Director State Bureau 
of Investigation, 1946-1951; Director State Prison Department, 
1951-1953; Associate Secretary of Church Extension for the 
Methodist Church, 1953-1955; Chief Wildlife Protection Division, 
1955-195 6; national distributor of Abunditata, 1956-1957; re- 
appointed Director of State Bureau of Investigation in June of 
195 7. President of International Association of Chiefs of Police. 
1950-1951, President FBI National Academv Associates, 1941- 



iSuK.iiAi'uu Ai. Sketches 415 

1947; President North Carolina Police Executives, 1 938-1940. 
Mason. Methodist; President of North Carolina Conference Board 
of Evangelism; member General Board of Evangelism of the 
Methodist Church. Married Mary Elizabeth Powell, April 3, 1926. 
Children: Mary Louise Anderson, Nancy Janet Anderson Hollo- 
well and Doris Foster Anderson Lassiter. Address: 3 30 5 Ruff in 
Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLAHl) FAKI{l\(iT()N IJAIU <)( K 

DIRECTOR OF HIGHWAYS 

(Appointed by the State Highway Commission 
with the approval of the Governor) 

Willard Farrington Babcock, Democrat, was born in Water- 
town, Massachusetts, ]\Iarch 14, 1917. Son of John Brazier and 
Mildred (Willard) Babcock. Attended Brown and Nichols, Cam- 
bridge, Mass., 1931-193 5; Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, B.S. in Civil Engineering, 193 9 and M.S. in Civil Engineering- 
Transportation Option, 1940. Professor of Civil and Transporta- 
tion Engineering at North Carolina State College, 1940-1957; 
Consulting Engineer in Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 
1948-1957. IMember American Society of Civil Engineers, Insti- 
tute of Traffic Engineers, American Institute of Planners, High- 
way Research Board, American Road Builders Association and 
American Association of State Highway Officials. Member Chi 
Epsilon Fraternity, National President, 19 48-1952; Tau Beta Pi; 
Sigma Zi; Theta Tau. Author of many publications, including 
textbooks, consulting reports and technical papers. Presbyterian. 
:\Iarried Jane Sweet, March 15, 1941. Children: John Brazier 
Babcock, II; Susan Forbes Babcock; Sarah Farrington Babcock. 
Address: 2611 Wells Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLLAM Fl.KMIXG I5A1L*:V 

STATE DIRECTOR OF PRISONS 

(Appointed by the State Prison Commission 
with approval of the Governor) 

William Fleming Bailey, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C, November 9, 1901. Son of William Thomas and Clarissa 
Harris (Ruggles) Bailey. Attended Charlotte University School. 



41G NoiiTii Cakoi.j.na AIa.m ai. 

1910-1020; Duke University, 1921-1924; Guilford College, 1925- 
1926. A.B.; University of North Carolina, one year of graduate 
work; Harvard University, one year of graduate work. Member 
AnuM-ican Correctional Association. Listed in Who's Wlio in 
America. Former .Judge of High Point Juvenile Court; former 
Director of High Point Parks and Juvenile Commission. IMayor 
of City of High Point, 1949-1951; Regional Director, Office of 
Price Stabilization, 1951-1952; Director, N. C. Council of Civil 
Defense, 1953; past Co-ordinator of High Point Civil Defense 
Council; Chairman, 19 46 High Point United Fund Drive. Past Di- 
rector, High Point Family Service Bureau. High Point Inter- 
racial Committee and High Point Community Chest. Served as 
Coach on Athletic Staff at Duke University and Harvard Univer- 
sity. Member U. S. Olympic Games Committee, 193 6-19 40; Pan 
American Games Committee, 1942'; President. Carolina Associa- 
tion Amateur Athletic Union, 1935-1945; Vice President Ama- 
teur Athletic Union of U. S., 1941; Chairman National AAU 
Swimming Championships, 1941 and 1950; former Chairman Na- 
tional A.\U Wrestling Championships. iMember American Legion 
and Vetprans of Foreign Wars. Past President High Point Civi- 
tan Cliil) and Lieutenant Governor Civitan International. Served 
in r. S. Army as Colonel, 19 42-194 5; 3 4 months overseas; award- 
ed Legion of IMerit, Order of Crown of Italy and 3 Battle Stars. 
Episcopalian. Married Margaret Brown, December 24, 1926. Two 
sons. William Fleming Bailey, Jr.. and Thomas Edward Bailey. 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

J. W. 15EAX 

CHAIRMAN NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 
(Appointed i)y the Governor) 

J. W. Bean, Democrat, was born in Alontgomery County, N. C. 
December 7, 1893. Son of O. D. and Annie (Cornelison) Bean. 
Attended :\lontgomery County grammar and high schools; Ether 
Academy. Taught two years in a pu])lic school. Accepted a posi- 
tion with the Southern Railway as Clerk, 1916, at Spencer, N. C, 
and was promoted to various positions, including General Fore- 
man of Southern Railway Supply Department. Identified witli 
several railroad organizations. Served as alderman and mayor 
pro tern of Town of Spencer, N. C. Chairman, Spencer School 



BlOCKMMIK Al. Sketciiius 417 

Board, 1928-1946. Served as Chairman of the Rowan County 
School Board Association and as Chairman of Spencer Precinct 
Democratic Executive Committee for a number of years. Secretary 
to Rowan County Democratic Executive Committee, 1928-1950. 
Representative from Rowan County in the General Assembly of 
1933 and 1935. Secured leave-of-absence from the Southern Rail- 
way Company in 193 5 for six months to help organize the North 
Carolina Works Progress Administration as State Director of 
Labor-Management and Relations. Appointed by Governor Hoey 
as a member of the North Carolina Manpower Commission. Ap- 
pointed by Governor Broughton as a member of the Selective 
Service Board of Appeals, District No. 6, serving for the dura- 
tion of the war. Appointed by Governor Cherry as a member of 
a nine-man committee to study the needs of Area Vocational 
Schools in North Carolina. Appointed by Governor Cherry in 
1945 to a one-year term on the North Carolina Medical Care 
Commission and re-appointed in 194 6 for a four-year term. Ap- 
pointed North Carolina Industrial Commissioner by Governor 
Scott on April 1, 194 9, to fill two-year unexpired term; reap- 
pointed on May 1, 1951, for full six-year term. Appointed Chair- 
man North Carolina Industrial Commission by Governor Hodges 
on December 22, 1954 and reappointed by Governor Hodges for 
a full six-year term on August 15, 195 7. Baptist. Married Annie 
Stutts of Seagrove, N. C. Three children: two sons and one 
daughter. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

SHEM KEAItNKV RLACKLEV, SI{. 

COMMISSIONER NORTH CAROLINA BURIAL ASSOCIATION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Shem Kearney Blackley, Sr., Democrat, was l)oi-ii in Wake 
County near Raleigh on April 8, 1896. Son of Charles Rufus 
and Willie Marcellus (Thompson) Blackley. Attended Murphy 
School, Raleigh, N. C, 1902-1912; Cheraw Elementary School. 
Cheraw, S. C, 1912-1914; Hamlet Elementary School, Hamlet, 
N. C, 1915-1917; Cluster Springs Academy, Cluster Springs, Va., 
1917-1918. Served as athletic director and coach in Hamlet High 
School until 1923. Employed by Traveler's Insurance Company 
from 1925 to 1955, retiring as District Group Supervisor at Char- 
lotte, N. C. Chairman IT. S. O. of Cleveland County during World 



41S Noinii Cakoi.ixa Mam:al 

War 1; C'hairinuii IJ. S. O. Organization, 1957-195S; Cliairman 
American Field Service Foreign Exchange Students since 1956. 
Alenibcr District Committee Piedmont Boy Scouts of Piedmont 
Council; Third Army Advisory Committee; Masonic Lodge; 
Junior Order United American Mechanics; Shelby Rotary Club, 
Past President; member Youth Program and District Governor 
Advisory Committee. Served in United States Navy, 1918-1919. 
]\Iember of Central Methodist Church of Shelby; member of Of- 
ficial Board; President Hoey Bible Class; Chairman Ushers Com- 
mittee. Married Adeline Price Bostic, August 23, 1928. One son, 
Shem Kearney Blackley, Jr. Address: 50 5 S. Washington Street, 
Shelby. N. C. 

WILLIE ANDREW 15HA.ME 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Willie Andrew Brame, Democrat, was born in Vance County, 
N. C. August 23, 1886. Son of George W. and Geneva (Jackson) 
Brame. Attended Red Oak High School; Wake Forest College. 
Served as Mayor of Town of Wendell for two terms; Judge of 
Wendell Recorders Court for more than twenty-seven years. Ser- 
ved as Advisor to Draft Board under President Wilson and Presi- 
dent Roosevelt. Member Masonic Lodge more than fifty years. 
Baptist; Deacon; taught Baraca Class over twenty-five years. 
Married Mary Lillie Griffin, June, 1910. Children: Mrs. V. O. 
Roberson, Mrs. W. F. Farmer, Mrs. France Dew, Mrs. :\L C. 
Henry. Willie A. Brame, Jr., and Dr. Robert G. Brame. Home ad- 
dress: Wendell, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

JOSEPH MELVILLE BKOLGHTOX, JR. 

CHAIRMAN STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Joseph Melville Broughton, Jr., Democrat, was born in Raleigh, 
N. C, March 24, 19 2'2. Son of Joseph Melville and Alice Harper 
(Willson) Broughton. Attended Raleigh Public Schools; Wake 
Forest College, A.B., 1943; University of North Carolina Law 
School, LL.B., 1949. Lawyer. Member W^ake County Bar Asso- 
ciation; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Associa- 



BiOGKAi'iiiCAi. Skktches 419 

tiou; American Judicature Society. Solicitor City Court of Ra- 
leigli, 19 51-19 53. Member Kappa Alplia Order and Omicron Delta 
Kappa. First Lieutenant United States Marine Corps, 1943-1946. 
Episcopalian; Vestryman. Married Mary Ann Cooper. November 
30, 1946. Children: Harriet W. Broughton and J. Melville 
Brougliton, III. Address: 23 37 Hathaway Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

GEORGE IJHYAX CHEKKV 

GENERAL SERVICES OFFICER 
(Appointed by the Director Department of Adniinisti'atiou) 

George Bryan Cherry, Democrat, was born in Windsor, N. C, 
January 10, 1901. Son of Solomon and Elizabeth Webb (Gray) 
Cherry. Attended Windsor High School, 1914-1917; North Caro- 
lina State College, E.E. degree in Civil Engineering, 1922. Former 
Director N. C. Society of Engineers; member and past President 
Raleigh Engineers Club. Past President Needham B. Broughton 
PTA and Raleigh Civic Council; former Director N. C. State Col- 
lege Alumni Association; Past President Wake County Tubercu- 
losis Society; member and past President Raleigh Lions Club; 
District Governor, Lions International, 1954-1955. Member State 
Employees Association; former member Raleigh Parking Advis- 
ory Committee and W'ake County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee. Mason. Second Lieutenant I". S. Army Reserve. 1922- 
1927. Episcopalian; past President Batte Men's Bible Class; 
former member of Vestry; former Director Brotherhood of Saint 
Andrew. Married Winifred Eugenia Beddingfield of Raleigh, N. 
C, January 9, 1924. Children: George Bryan Cherry. Jr., and 
Alexander Beddingfield Cherry. Address: 1916 Craig Street, Ra- 
leigh, N. C. 

DAVID STAXTON (OLTUAXE 

ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF ADMINISTRATION 
AND STATE BUDGET OFFICER 

(Appointed by Director Department of Administration) 

David Stanton Coltrane, Democrat, was born in Randolph Coun- 
ty, N. C, July 27, 1893. Son of James Ruffian and Martha Ann 
(Stanton » Coltrane. Attended Cedar Square Elementary School; 
Jamestown High School. 1911-1914; Guilford College; N. C. 



420 Nditrii Cakom.n A ^Iam ai. 

State College, Class of 1918. Farmer. Assistant Director of the 
Budget since July 1, 1949. Member National Association of State 
Budget Officers; President American Association of Fertilizer 
Control Officials, 1947; President National Association of State 
Budget Officers, 19 58-19 59; President Southern Association of 
Feed Control Officials, 194 6. Assistant Commissioner of Agri- 
culture, 1937-1947; Commissioner of Agriculture, February, 
1948 to January, 194 9. Member of N. C. State Grange. Recipient 
of N. C. Farm Bureau Award for Distinguished Service to Agri- 
culture, 1944. Member Board of Trustees, Wesleyan Methodist 
College. Methodist; Chairman Board of Stewards, 1947; Presi- 
dent. "^Methodist Men" of Edenton Street Methodist Church, 
1956; President, Men's Class, Edenton Street Methodist Church, 
1958-1959. Married Lela Hayworth, August 10, 19 20. Children: 
James Ralph Coltrane and Martha Sue Coltrane Roberston. Ad- 
dross: 1611 Oberlin Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

CHKISTOrHER CRITTENDEN 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

(Appointed by the Executive Board of the Department ) 

Christopher Crittenden, Democrat, was born in Wake Forest. 
N. C, December 1, 1902. Son of Charles Christopher and Ethel 
(Taylor) Crittenden. Attended Wake Forest Grammar and High 
Schools. A.B. Wake Forest College 1921 and A.M. in 1922; Yale 
University, Ph.D. 1930. Director State Department of Archives 
and History (formerly the State Historical Commission) since 
1935; Secretary State Literary and Historical Association since 
1935; Member American Historical and Southern Historical asso- 
ciations; President Society of American Archivists, 194 6-194S: 
President American Association for State and Local History, 
1940-1942; President Archeological Society of North Carolina. 
1948-1950, 1955-1956; Secretary Board of Trustees, Olivia Raney 
Library; Member Executive Board, National Trust for Historic 
Preservation; President Wake County Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa. 
Principal Roxobel, N. C, Public School, 1922-1923; Instructor in 
History, Yale University, 19 24-192 5; University of North Carolina 
1926-1929; Assistant Professor of History, University of North 
Carolina 1930-1935. Author of North Carolina Newspapers be- 
fore 17 70; The Commerce of North Carolina 1763-1789; and 



Bi(k;i;ai'hicai. SKKTciiKfi 421 

various historical articles and book reviews. Editor The North 
Carolina Historical Review. Baptist. Married Janet Quinian of 
Waynesville, N. C, 1930. Three children: C, Jr.. born 1933; 
Robert Hinfon, born 1936; Ann Lane, born 1938. Address: 1537 
Caswell St., Raleigh, N. C. 

.IA:MES SLOAN UUKKIE 

COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

James Sloan Currie, Democrat, was born in Clarkton, N. C, 
March 17, 1919. Son of George Hendon and Marie (Sloan) Cur- 
rie. Attended Clarkton Public Schools, 1924- 1930, Davidson 
High School, 1930-1935; Davidson College, 193 5-1936; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, B.S. in Commerce, 1939 and M.S., 1949; 
University of North Carolina Law School. LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. 
Member Phi Alpha Delta; Pi Kappa Alpha, President, 1939; 
Director Wake County Chapter of American National Red Cross; 
member Raleigh Executives Club; Raleigh Rotary Club, Chair- 
man Program Committee, 1956-1957, Chairman Vocational Infor- 
mation Committee, 1958-1959. Assistant to Corporation Finance 
Professor at University of North Carolina, 193 9-1940; Securities 
Analyst Jefferson Standard Life Insurance Company, 1940-1941; 
Underwriting Aide, Federal Housing Administration, 1941-1942; 
practiced law at Chapel Hill, 1948-1949; taught business law two 
sessions of Summer School, School of Business Administration. 
University of North Carolina, 1949. Appointed Director of the 
North Carolina Department of Tax Research, January 3, 1950. 
Appointed Commissioner of Revenue, September 15, 19 57. Execu- 
tive Secretary, Commission for the Study of the Revenue Struc- 
ture of the State, 1955-1957. Member National Association of 
Tax Administrators. Chairman of Research Section, 19 53-1954; 
National Tax Association; Tax Institute; elected second Vice 
President of The Southeastern Association of Tax Administrators. 
1958. Entered United States Army as Private in March of 1942 
and released in 19 46 with rank of Major; served two and one- 
half years in Southwest Pacific Theatre; received Bronze Star 
Medal; now Instructor in Military Intelligence Subjects. Army 
Reserves. Presbyterian, Deacon White ^Memorial Presbyterian 



422 NoKiii ('ai;(ii.i.\a .MwrAi, 

Church. .Alanied Virginia Layton Spruill, Septeinher :!. 19 46. 
Children: Marie Sloan Carrie, age 11 and Mary Virginia Spruill 
Currie, age 4. Address: 2515 Kenmore Drive, Raleigh. X. C. 

("I>\HEN( E DeWITT l)()l GLAS 

CONTROLLEK STATE HOARD OF EDUCATION 

(Ai)pointed by the State Board of Education 
with the approval of the Governor ) 

Clarence DeWitt Douglas, Democrat, was born in Surry County, 
N. C, October 19, 1S94. Son of Francis Bryan and Susan (Cock- 
erhani I Douglas. Attended Fruitland Institute, 1910-1911; Bre- 
vard Institute, 1911-1915; A.B. degree. Trinity College (Duke 
University), 1920. Member North Carolina Education Associa- 
tion; American Association of School Administrators: Board of 
Trustees, Greensboro College; Raleigh History Club. Assistant 
Director and Director Division of Finance, State Department of 
Public Instruction, 1920-1939. Director Division of Auditing and 
Accounting in State School Commission and State Board of Edu- 
cation, 1939-1949, Controller. State Board of Education, Septem- 
ber 9, 1949. Charter member of Raleigh Lions Club. Served in 
the U. S. Armed Forces, Hq. 15 6 Field Artillery Brigade, Slst 
Division, Corporal, 1918-1919; American Expeditionary Forces; 
discharged June 23, 1919. Methodist. Married Mary Teresa Pea- 
cock of Salisbury, August 2 5, 1931. Address: 2 6 21 Dover Road, 
Raleigh, N. C, 

WILLIAM EWAHT EA STERLING 

SECRETARY LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 
(Appointed by the State Treasurer) 

William Ewart Easterling, Democrat, was born in Marlboro 
County, South Carolina. Son of Cary Thomas and Columbia 
(Wyatt) Easterling. Attended Wofford College, A.B., 191S; East- 
man-Gaines School of Business, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Certified 
Public Accountant. Secretary, North Carolina Local Government 
Commission since November of 193 2. Served as Private in United 
States Marine Corps, June of 1918 to July of 1919. Presbyterian; 
Deacon, 1938-1941, 1950-1953; Elder, 1954. Married Hannah 
McCutchen Montgomery, October Z7, 1927. One son, W. E. East- 
erling, Jr., M.D. Address: 2412 Everett Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 



BiociiiAriiicAi, Skktcuks 423 

EDWARD KOSTElt (;IUFKIX 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA COUNCIL OF CIVIL DEFENSE 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Edward Foster Griffin, Democrat, was born in Louisburg, X. C, 
November 4, 1900. Son of Paul B. and Frances Wilder Griffin. 
Attended Louisburg High School, graduating in 19 20; University 
of North Carolina, 1920-1922; Wake Forest College Law School, 
1922-1923. Received law license in August, 1923. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber N. C. State Bar Inc.; Franklin County Bar Association, Past 
President; Past President 7th Judicial District Bar Association. 
Solicitor Franklin County Recorders Court, 1936-1940; Franklin 
County Attorney, 1946-1954; member State Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1946-1953; Chairman Franklin County Democratic 
Executive Committee, 1946-1953. State Senator from the 6th 
Senatorial District in the General Assembly of 1933 and 1935. Ap- 
pointed Director of N. C. Council of Civil Defense, March 1, 1954. 
Enlisted in the N. C. National Guard, 113th F. A. Regiment, Octo- 
ber 1, 1923; inducted into the Federal Service, September 16, 
1940, and commanded the 113th Field Artillery Battalion as part 
of the 3 0th Infantry Division through World War II, participating 
in five major engagements in the European Theatre of Opera- 
tions; discharged in November of 19 46 and again .joined the N. C. 
National Guard in August of 194 7 as Division Artillery Executive 
Officer; now holds rank of Brigadier General and commands the 
30th Division Artillery. Member American Legion, Past Com- 
mander Louisburg Post; 40 & 8, Past Chef-de-gare. Mason, Past 
:\Iaster Louisburg Lodge 413 A. F. & A. M.; 32nd Degree Scottish 
Rite; Shriner. Methodist; Steward for twenty years; Trustee; 
Lay Speaker. Married Mildred Scott Griffin, June 18, 1925. One 
daughter, Mrs. Nancy Griffin Person of Greensboro, N. C. Home 
address: 105 Sunset Avenue, Louisburg, N. C. Official address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

EUGENK ALEXANDER HAR(;R<)\ K. M.D. 

GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT 

NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITALS HOARD OF CONTROL 
(Appointed by the Board) 

Elugene Alexander Hargrove, Democrat, was born in San Elizer- 
io, Texas, August 2, 1918. Son of William Franklin and Nell 



•124 X(!i;i II rAi;(iM.N A AIamai. 

(Dasy) llavgrove. Attonded Austin Hish Srhool of El Paso, Tex- 
as, 1982-1036; rnivei'sity of Texas, A. 15., 1939; University of 
Texas Scliool of IMedicine. M.D., 1942. Physician specializing in 
psychiatry. :\Ieinl)('r American Medical Association; American 
Psychiatric Association: Society of Biological Psychiatry; Asso- 
ciation of American Medical Colleges; Noith Carolina Medical 
Association; North Carolina Neuropsychiatric Association; Dur- 
ham-Orange Medical Society. Clinical Associate Professor in 
Psychiatry, University of North Carolina School of riledicine. Co- 
author of "Tht" rractice of l'.sycliiatry in General Hospitals." Also 
has contributed many articles appearing in various medical jour- 
nals. Served as Captain in Army Medical Corps, 1944-1946. Mem- 
ber Chapel Hill Presbyterian Church. Married Ethel Crittenden, 
September 2', 1946. Children: Eugene Alexander, Jr., age 11; 
Thomas, age 6; William, age 5. Address: 713 Greenwood Road, 
Chapel Hill, N. C. 



AVII.IilAM FHEE>IAN HEM)EHSON 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission 
with the approval of the Governor) 

William Freeman Henderson, Democrat, was born in Jackson- 
ville, N. C, October 27, 1913. Son of Thomas M. and Viola (Free- 
man) Henderson. Attended Jacksonville High School, 1927-1931; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 1935; University of North 
Carolina Graduate School, 1937-1938. Member North Carolina 
Hospital Association; American College of Hospital Administra- 
tors; American Association for Hospital Planning. Has served 
in the following positions: Superintendent of Public Welfare for 
Randolph County, Associate Superintendent North Carolina Chil- 
dren's Home, Administrator Onslow County Hospital and Assist- 
ant Administrator Moore County Hospital at Pinehurst. Member 
Masonic Order; Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity; President of Alpha 
Chi Lambda Fraternity at University of North Carolina, 193 5. 
Served in United States Army. 1942-1945. Presbyterian. Married 
Mary Ruth Bruton, May 23, 1941. Children: Thomas Michael 
Henderson and William Bruton Henderson. Address: Ridge Road, 
Raleigh, N. C. 



BiocKAiMiK Ai, Ski Tc iiKs 425 

AVILLIAM K. HENDERSON 

STATE PURCHASING OFFICER 
(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

William R. Henderson, Democrat, was born in Kanna polls, 
N. C, September 17, 1922. Son of Marion Charles, Sr., and Ollie 
(Love) Henderson. Attended Eli Whitney High School, gradu- 
ating in 1939; High Point College, B.S. in Business Administra- 
tion, 1943. President of student body at High Point College; 
also was listed in Who's Who in American Colleges and Univer- 
sities. Member National Association of State Purchasing Officials; 
National Association of Purchasing Agents; Carolina-Virginia 
Purchasing Agents Association; Board of Directors of the Busi- 
ness Development Corporation; Raleigh Kiwanis Club; Vice 
President Raleigh United Fund; Past President North Carolina 
Junior Chamber of Commerce. Winner of Distinguished Service 
Award of 1950 for Reidsville; North Carolina "Young Man of 
the Year", 1955. Major in United States Marine Corps, 1943- 
1946. Methodist; member of Official Board; Sunday School 
Teacher. Married Dorothy Saunders, March 15, 1947. Children: 
Faithe and W. R., Jr. Address: 104 West Drewry Lane, Raleigh, 
N. C. 

MRS. ElilZAIJETH H. HKiHKV 

STATE LIBRARIAN 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Library Board) 

Airs. Elizabeth House Hughey, Democrat, was born in Rober- 
sonville, N. C, February 2, 1916. Daughter of Thomas Lawrence 
and Susan Elizabeth (Mizell) House. Attended Keel's School, 
1921-1927; Robersonville Public School, 1927-1931; Atlantic 
Christian College, A.B., 1936; School of Library Science, George 
Peabody College for Teachers, B.S. in Library Science, 1938. Mem- 
ber American Library Association; Southeastern Library Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Library Association; North Carolina Liter- 
ary and Historical Association; Adult Education Association of 
America; Advisory Committee, Recreation Commission; North 
Carolina Family Life Council; N. C. Art Society; N. C. Adult Edu- 
cation Association; Raleigh Woman's Club; Beta Chapter of Delta 
Kappa Gamma. Disciples of Christ. Married A. Miles Hughey. 
Address: Route 6, Raleigh, N. C. 



426 XdKiii Cakoiixa Ma.mai. 

WM.LI.XM S<()TT HINT 

CHAIRMAN STATE BOAKD OK ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

William Scott Hunt, Democrat, was born in Richmond, Virginia, 
October 30, 190 5. Son of W. Scott and Mary (Eddens) Hunt. 
Attended Oxford, N. C, High School, graduating in 1925. Mem- 
ber North Carolina Highway Patrol for twenty-three years. Mem- 
ber Raleigh Kiwanis Club; Past President of Warrenton Kiwanis 
Clul); Past Vice President Asheville Kiwanis Club. Appointed 
Chairman State Board of Alcoholic Control by Governor Hodges, 
February 1, 1958. Baptist. Married Mary Taylor, December 30, 
1926. Children: William Scott Hunt, Jr., and Mary Jean Hunt. 
Address: 1407 Brooks Ave., Raleigh, N. C. 



PAUL ALEXANDER JOHXSTOX 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Paul Alexander Johnston, Democrat, was born in Smithfield. 
N. C, May 17, 1916. Son of A. S. and Gayle (Makepeace) Johns- 
ton. Attended Smithfield Public Schools, 19 22-1933; University 
of North Carolina, 1947-1950; University of North Carolina Law- 
School. 1949-1952, LL.B. Member Phi Delta Phi; Order of the 
Coif; North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina Bar A.ssociation. 
Former Editor-in-Chief, North Carolina Law Review. Adminis- 
trative Assistant to Governor Luther H. Hodges, 1955-1957; ap- 
pointed Director of Administration, June 17, 1957. Sergeant U. 
S. Army, 1944-1946. Author of "The Administrative Hearing for 
the Suspension of a Driver's License", December 1951 issue of 
North Carolina Law Review; "A Plan for the Hearing and De- 
ciding of Traffic Cases", December 19 55 issue of Law Review; 
"New Budget Procedures in North Carolina", June 19 58 issue of 
State Government. Methodist. Married Margaret Gainey McGirt. 
One son, Paul Alexander Johnston, Jr. Address: 51 Oakw^ood 
Drive. Chapel Hill. N. C. 



BioiiKAiMiRAf. Sketches 427 

HENRY E. KENDALL 

CHAIRMAN EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Henry E. Kendall, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, August 
24, 1905. Son of Henry E. and Mary Whitelaw (Wiseman) Kend- 
all. Attended Shelby Public Schools; N. C. State College, 192'2- 
1926, B.S. degree in Civil Engineering. Member Pi Kappa Alpha; 
Theta Tau Engineering Fraternity; Tau Beta Pi (Scholastic) and 
Phi Kappa Phi (Honor) fraternities. Engineer with Plumer 
Wiseman & Co., Danville. Va., 1926-1930; Assistant office man- 
ager Dibrell Bros, tobacconists, Shanghai, China, 1931-193 6; en- 
gineer N. C. State School Commission, Raleigh, N. C, 1937-1942. 
Commissioned 1st Lt. Engineers Corps, U. S. Army, September 
18. 19 42; served twenty months in European Theatre Opera- 
tions and eight months in Asiatic Pacific; separated with rank of 
Lt. Colonel, August 7, 194 6. Appointed Chairman, Unemploy- 
ment Compensation Commission (now Employment Security Com- 
mission) by Governor R. Gregg Cherry, July 1, 19 46; reappoint- 
ed by Governor W. Kerr Scott in 1949 for four-year term; reap- 
pointed by Governor William B. Umstead in 19 53 for four-year 
term: reappointed by Governor Luther H. Hodges in 1957 for 
four-year term. Member Lions Club; N. C. Society of Engineers; 
Raleigh Engineers Club; American Legion (member of State Ad- 
ministrative Committee 19 50-1954). Mason. Registered Engi- 
neei'. President General Alumni Association N. C. State College, 
1949-1950; Chairman Executive Committee Alumni Association, 
1950-19 51. Vice President Region IV Interstate Conference of 
Employment Security Agencies, 1950-1952 and 1958-1959. Presi- 
dent Interstate Conference of Employment Security Agencies, 
19 53-19 54. Member Legislative Committee same organization. 
Listed in Who's Who in the South and Southwest. Married Eliza 
Katharine Kerr of Yanceyville, N. C. Presbyterian. Address: 
2S14 Exeter Circle, Raleigh, N. C. 

KICHAltl) (iWYNN LONG 

STATE UTIIJTIES COMMISSIONER 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Richard Gwynn Long, Democrat, was born in Roxboro. N. C, 
November 16, 1923. Son of James Anderson ;nul Aime Elizabeth 



428 Nditi II Cakoi.ina Ma.mai. 

(iMcklord ) Lduk. AUciulcd lioxboro High School, 193()-1939; 
Woodberry Forest School. lit:;9-1940; Duke University, 1940- 
1943; Vanderbilt University Law School. 1946-1949, LL.B. 
Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; Noilh Carolina State 
Har; Person County Bar Association. Director Koxboro Cotton 
Mills; Director The Peoples Hank. Roxboro; Director Reinforced 
Plastics Corporation. Mayor of Roxboro, 1951-1953; Person 
County I\lan of the Year, 1956; Jaycee Youn.e, Man of the Year, 
1956. Member Lodge 200 5, B.P.O.E.; American Legion; Post 
2058, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Commander, 1954-1955; Junior 
Order of United American Mechanics; Rotary Club. Staff Sergeant 
United States Army, 1943-1946. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1957. Methodist. Married Betty Layne Hollinshead, 
November 16, 1949. Children: Margaret Gwynn Long, Catherine 
Layne Long, David Hollinshead Long, Richard G. Long, Jr., and 
Nicholas Thompson Long. Address: 216 Hawthorne Road. Ra- 
leigh, N. C. 

IJLAINE ALARK MADISON 

COMMISSIONER STATE BOARD OF CORRECTION AND TRAINING 
(Appointed by the Board) 

Blaine Mark Madison, Democrat, was born in Olin, Iredell Coun- 
ty. N. C. Son of Charles M. and Alolly (White) IMadison. Attended 
I'nion Grove High School, graduating in 1926; High Point College, 
A.B., 1929; Duke University, M.A., 1933 and M.Ed., 1939. Member 
National Association of Correction and Training Schools; Ameri- 
can Prison Association; American Welfare Association; North 
Carolina Council for Social Service; Kappa Delta Pi Honorary 
Scholarship P^raternity in Education. Author of numerous profes- 
sional articles for North Carolina Education, North Carolina Chris- 
tian Advocate. The State, PTA Bulletin and Bulletin Service of the 
Methodist Church of the United States. President Adult and Ju- 
venile Delinquency Division North Carolina Council for Social 
Service; President North Central District of North Car(>lina Edu- 
cation Association, 1950; President Raleigh Unit North Carolina 
Education Association, 19 49; Treasurer Southeastern Division of 
Child Welfare League of America, 1948; President Raleigh Fam- 
ily Service Society, 1949. Appointed Commissioner of the State 
Board of Correction and Training, July 1, 1956. Member Raleigh 
Lions Club, First Vice President, 1951. Member Edenton Street 



Bii)in;Ai-iii( Ai. Skktche« 429 

Methodist Church of Raleigh; past Chainnan lioaid of Stewards; 
Teacher of Fidelis Bible Class; formtr Lay Leader of tlie Raleigh 
District of the Methodist Church; former Treasurer of the Board 
of Lay Activities of the North Carolina Methodist Conference; 
member Board of Education of the North Carolina Conference; 
Executive Committee of the North Carolina Council of Churches; 
Executive Committee of the Southeastern Jurisdictional Council 
of the Methodist Church. Married Helen Williams, 193 5. Address: 
1SU9 :\IcDonaid Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 



.JOHNSON MATTHEWS 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Johnson IMatthews, Democrat, was born at Riverton, Scotland 
County, N. C, September 29. 18 99. Son of Walter Jesse and 
Mary (Johnson) Matthews. Attended Riverton High School and 
Spring Hill High School, 1907-1918; Wake Forest College, A.B.. 
1922: Wake Forest College Law School, 1927. Served in World 
War I as Private, 1918. Representative from Scotland County 
in the General Assembly of 19 27. Baptist. Married Nina Horner, 
June 15, 1940. One daughter. Home address: 160 6 Carolina 
Avenue, Durham, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



RAYMOXI) CKAFT 3IAX\VELL 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 
(Appointed by the Board) 

Raymond Craft Maxwell, Democrat, was born in Whiteville, N. 
C, May 17, 1896. Son of Allen J. and Delia (Ward) Maxwell. 
Attended Raleigh High School; University of North Carolina, 
LL.n.. 1919. Member N. C. State Bar. Has served as Executive 
Secretary of State Board of Elections since April 1. 19 26. Author 
of 'Life and Works of Allen Jay Maxwell", 1947. Student officer 
in r. S. Naval Reserve Flying Corps. 191S. Baptist. Married 
Stella Garrett, November 22, 1921. One daughter, Mrs. James 
S. Hunt, High Point, N. C. Address: 1124 Harvey Street, Raleigh, 
N. C. 



4150 XdUllI ("AKdl.INA M A.MAI. 

JOHN WOKTU .M( DKVITT 

STATE pp:usonnkl director 
f Api)()inted l)y tlic St;ite Personnel Council i 

John Worth McDevitt, Democrat, was born in Marshall, N. C, 
April 16. 1913. Son of N. B. and Alice (Hurt) McDevitt. Attended 
IMarshall High School, graduating in 1930; Mars Hill College, 
1930-1933; Western Carolina College, li.S., 1938; Cornell Uni- 
versity, 194 3. Taught in Madison County Public Schools, 1931- 
1935; Alumni Secretary and Burser of Western Carolina College, 
1937-1948. Member American Management Association; Public 
Personnel Association, Vice President, 1958; American Society 
for Public Administration; Chairman Southern Regional Confer- 
ence of Public Personnel Association, 1958. Member Masonic 
Order; Rotary International; Past President Wake Forest Rotary 
Club. Lieutenant (jg). United States Navy, 1943-1945. Member 
Wake Forest Baptist Church; Deacon, 1954-1958. Married Rena 
Forest Joyner, 193 7. Two children. Alice Rayburn McDevitt and 
Jean Forest McDevitt. Address: Wake Forest, N. C . 

( OT.l.IX McKIXNE 

DIRECTOR NORTH C.'VROLINA VETERANS COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission 
with the ai)pr()val of the Governor") 

Collin McKinne, Democrat, was born in Louisburg, N. C, 
January 27, 1921. Son of Malcolm and Ethelynd (Peterson) Mc- 
Kinne. Attended Mills Elementary School of Louisburg, 1926- 
1935; Webb School, Bell Buckle, Tenn., 1935-1939; N. C. State 
College, B.S. in Industrial Engineering; graduate. Regular 
Course, Command and General Staff College, U. S. Army. Mem- 
ber Board of Alcoholic Control of Town of Louisburg; Secretary- 
Treasurer Franklin County Young Democratic Club, 1953-1954; 
Deputy State Director of Civil Defense, 1954-1955; returned from 
private business in 1957 to head a special Civil Defense Project. 
Appointed Director North Carolina Veterans Commission, October 
15, 1957. Served in European Theater of Operations, U. S. Army, 
World War II; discharged as Captain; member N. C. National 
Guard since W'orld War II and presently Operations Officer (S3), 
30th Infantry Division Artillery with rank of Lieutenant Colonel. 



]'i(i(;i! AiMiu Ai. Ski i( iii;s 431 

Member Kappa Sigma; American Legion; Forty & Eight; "Vet- 
erans of P\)reign Wars; American Veterans of World War II. 
Episcopalian; Vestryman, St. Paul's Episcopal Church of Louis- 
burg. Married Betty C. Hochenedel of Houma, La., March 18, 
1944. Two daughters, Jane Elliott and Elizabeth Peterson. Ad- 
dress: Louisburg, N. C. 

JOHN WILLIAM HOY NOHTO.N, >l.l). 

STATE HKALTH DIRECTOR AND SECRETARY-TREASURER 
STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Board of Health 
with the approval of the Governor) 

John William Roy Norton, Democrat, was born in Scotland 
County, July 11, 1898. Son of Lafayette and lola Josephine 
(Reynolds) Norton. Attended Snead's Grove School, 1916-1920; 
A. B., Trinity College (Duke I'niversity ) June, 1920; Law School 
Trinity College, 1922-192.'!. Principal and athletic coach, Lumber- 
ton, 1920-1922 and Snead's Grove (Scotland County), 192:1-192 L 
University of North Carolina Medical School, Chapel Hill, 192 4- 
1926; Vanderbilt University Medical School, 1926-1928, M.D., 
192S; Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich., July, 1928-June, 1930; 
Chief. Medical Department Holt-Krock Clinic, Fort Smith, Arkan- 
sas. July, 193 0-August, 1931. City Health Superintendent, Rocky 
Mount, 1931-1935; Harvard School of Public Health, MPH, 1938; 
Assistant Division Director State Board of Health, 1936-1938; 
Professor Public Health Administration, University of North Caro- 
lina. 1938-1940. Private to Second Lieutenant of Field Artillery, 
19 IS: Captain to Colonel in Medical Corps, 1940-19 45; Medical 
Inspector Fort Bragg; Assistant Chief Preventive Medicine Euro- 
pean Theatre; Deputy Chief Hygiene Allied Force Headquarters; 
M^'dicjil Inspector Seventh Army; Director Epidemiology for 
Army; Chief Preventive Medicine Ninth Service Command. Award- 
ed battle stars Tunisian and Sicilian Campaigns and Army Com- 
mendation Citation for service as Army Epidemiology Chief. Chief 
Health Officer TVA, 1946-194 8; N. C. State Health Director since 
July. 1948. Visiting Associate Professor Public Health, School of 
P. H., UNC. Member Wake County, Sixth District, North Carolina, 
Southern and American Medical Associations; Past Secretary- 
Treasurer Edgecombe-Nash County and Vicc-Pi'esident P'ouith 



432 XdiMii Cai;(ii.t.\a Mam ai. 

District and Past Secretary ami Chaii-inau Sec-tion on Public 
Healtii and Education of N. C. Medical Society and of Public 
Health Section of SMA; Aleniber N. C, Southern Branch and 
Amercian Public Health Associations; Secretary-Treasurer and 
Executive Committee NCPHA; Chairman Health Officers Section, 
G(A-erning- Council and Executive Committee, Secretary-Treasurer 
and President (1955), Southern Branch APHA; Governing Coun- 
cil, Secretary and Chairman Health Officers Section and Advisory 
Committee Behavioral Sciences in Public Health, APHA; Ameri- 
can Association, P. H. Physicians; International Society of Medic- 
al Health Officers, Secretary-Treasurer (1954); State and Ter- 
ritorial Health Officer's Association Executive Committee and 
Chairman Mental Health Section, President 1955; Fellow Ameri- 
can College of Physicians; American Academy of General Prac- 
tice; Fellow N. C. Academy of Preventive Medicine and American 
College of Preventive Medicine and President 1955; Diplomate 
American Board Preventive Medicine; President Association State 
and Territorial Health Officer. 1955; Honorary Member North 
Carolina Dental Society; Board of Directors Planned Parenthood 
Federation of America and Recipient Lasker Foundation Award 
(1953); Executive Committee Nortii Carolina Division of Amer- 
ican Cancer Society, N. C. Dental Foundation and N. C. Heart 
Association; Board of Directors N. C. Conference of Social Serv- 
ice, President 1951; Medical Advisory Board N. C. Military District 
and N. C. Selective Service System; N. C. Civil Defense Council; 
President Wake County Duke Alumni Association, 1953, and 
member National Council; President Harvai-d P. H. Alumni Asso- 
ciation, 1951 and N. C. Harvard Alumni Association, 1952; Am- 
erican Legion Capital City Post 297; Commander 1952 and N. C. 
Department Boy's State Committee and Junior Baseball Area I 
Commissioner, 19 55; Executive Committee Board of Trustees 
N. C. Cancer Institute; Consultant National ;\Iental Health Insti- 
tute, USPHS; Governor's Committee on Interstate Cooperation; 
U. S. A. Delegate Sth World Health Assembly 1955; N. C. Medical 
Care Commission; Chairman Governor's State Advisory Commit- 
tee on Poliomyelitis Vaccine; Chairman Postmortem ^Medicolegal 
Examinations Committee; Alember Advisory Committee to Board 
of Water Commissioners; Vice-Chairman Governor's Coordinat- 
ing Committee on Aging; Member Governor's Nuclear Energy Ad- 
visory Committee; Professional Council of David Graham Hal] 
Foundation 1957-(2 yrs. ) ; Governor's Council on Occupational 



BioGKAi'iiK Ai, Kkktciies 433 

Health; Executive Committee National Health Council Advisory 
Committee on Local Health Departments; Delta Omega (Public 
Health), Alpha Omega Alpha (Medical) and Sigma Xi (Scientific) 
Honorary Societies; Scientific Exhibit Award (N. C. Medical Socie- 
ty f . 1947, and Reynolds Medal (NCPHA), 1948; Woodman of 
the World and Mason; Delta Sigma Phi, Alpha Kappa Kappa and 
Sigma Nu Phi Fraternities; listed in Who's Who in America. Au- 
thor of Rabies Control; Diphtheria Control; Observations on 1958 
Polio Epidemic in North Carolina; Planning u Public Health Pro- 
gram; A Mid-Century Review of Public Health Activiti(^s in North 
Carolina; Joint Responsibilities of Public Health and Private 
Practice; Public Health Aspects of Civil Defense; Looking Ahead 
for Health in North Carolina; Strengthening Local Health De- 
partments — A Vital Security Need; Looking Ahead Twenty-Five 
Years in Public Health; A Century of Medical Leadership in Pub- 
lic Health in North Carolina; Chronic Diseases — A Joint Respon- 
sibility of Private Practice and Public Health; The Past is Pro- 
logue—Southern Public Health Pioneering; State and Local 
Health Department Services in North Carolina; The Occupational 
Health Program of tli<> State Board of Health — What It Is and 
What It Should Be; A Decade of Public Health Adjustment in 
North Carolina; Interpretation and Review of the School-Health 
Coordinating Service. Co-authoi': Salk Vaccine in Poliomyelitis 
Control in North Carolina: Effoi'ts to Define and Help the Health 
Officer to Fulfill His Role in Mental Health Programs; Current 
Comments on Influenza; Twenty-One Years Experience with a 
Public Health Contracei)tive Service; Self-Inspection; many arti- 
cle.i in N. C. Health Bulletin. Methodist; Steward, First Methodist 
Church, Rocky Mount, 1934-1935 and 1950. Edenton Stie-L 
Church, Raleigh. Married Juanita Harris Ferguson, 192S. Tliros 
children: Geraldine, Jean, Lafayette Ferguson. Addrc;-;; : 2129 
Cowper Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

CLYDK rHAIllJ PATTON 

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 
NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Clyde Pharr Patton, Democrat, was born in .Monroe County, 
West Virginia, September 17, 1913. Son of Clyde Thompson and 
Glenna Robinson (Pharr) Patton. Attended llcnidon High 



4:54 XoiMii (' AKoir.NA Maxual 

Sciiuol, llevndoii, \'a.; Virginia I'olytechuic luslitule, B S. in Bio- 
logy, 193 6 and M.S. in Wildlife Conservation, 193 9. Member 
Wildlife Society, Outdoor Writers Association of America; Out- 
door Writers Association of North Carolina; Atlantic Waterfowl 
Council, Chairman, 1954-1956; National Waterfowl Council; In- 
ternational Association of Game, Fish and Conservation Commis- 
sioners, member Executive Committee; Southeastern Association 
of Game and Fish Commissioners, President, 1953; Carolina Bird 
Club; Atlantic Flyway Representative, National Waterfowl Coun- 
cil. Editor, Virginia Wildlife Magazine, 1946-1948. Co-author of 
■'Wild Mammals of Virginia." Author of numerous articles in 
scientific and popular publications. Executive Director, North 
Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission since February l, 1948. 
Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry Reserve (ROTO, 
:\Iay 31, 1936; called to active duty with Air Force, June of 1941; 
served in European Theatre of Operations from August of 194 2" 
to September of 1945; released from active duty as Lieutenant 
Colonel, March, 1946; Reserve Officer at present. Member Ra- 
leigh Lodge No. 500, Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons. Presby- 
terian; Elder; President and Teacher of Adult Sunday School 
Class. Married Lucile Nadine Jennings, December 7, 1945. Ad- 
dress: 10 5 Ashland Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

ROHERT IVItOOKES PETERS, ,)R. 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Robert Brookes Peters, Jr., Democrat, was born in Tarboro, N. 
C, May 4, 18 98. Son of Robert Brookes and Sallie Cotton 
(Brown) Peters. Attended Tarboro Graded and High School, 
graduating in 1915; Davidson College, B. S., 1919; Rocky :\Iount 
Law School, studying under the late Judge George P. Pell and 
graduating in 1931. Lawyer. Admitted to practice in the United 
States Supreme Court. Member North Carolina Bar Association; 
North Carolina State Bar; Wake County Bar Association; Ra- 
leigh Rotary Club, President, 1954-1955; Beta Theta Pi; Phi 
Beta Kappa; Raleigh Torch Club, President, 1953-1954; Adjutant 
and Commander Tarboro American Legion Post. Holder of the 
Silver Beaver Award. Boy Scouts of America. Mayor Town of 
Tarboro, 1937-1941; Lands Division, Department of Justice a:id 



Biographical Sketches 435 

Special Assistant to the United States Attorney for the Eastern 
District of N. C. in Wilmington, 1943-1946; General Counsel, 
State Highway and Public Works Commission, 194 6-1957; Assist- 
ant Attorney General assigned to State Highway Commission, 
19 57-1958. Appointed as member of North Carolina Industrial 
Commission, January 6, 1958. Second Lieutenant in Infantry, 
United States Army, 1918. Presbyterian; former Deacon; Elder 
since 1935; Sunday School Superintendent. 1922-1932. ^Married 
Mary Wharton Wooten, June 8, 19 22. Children: Robert Brookes 
Peters, III, and WMlliam W'ooten Peters. Address: 13 41 Canter- 
bury Rd., Raleigh, N. C. 



JAMES HAIiHJS PL HKS, Ml. 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

(Appointed by the Board with the approval of the Governor) 

James Harris Purks, Jr., Democrat, was born in Bartow, Ga., 
August 6, 1901. Son of James Harris and Lulie Carswell (Kin- 
man) Purks. Attended Madison (Ga.) High School, 1913-1917; 
Emory University, 1919-1923, B.S.; Columbia University, 1924- 
1928, A.M. and Ph.D. Member Phi Beta Kappa; Sigma Xi Scien- 
tific Society; Chi Phi Social Fraternity; American Physical Socie- 
ty; Southeastern Section American Physical Society; Masonic 
Lodge; Sons of American Revolution. Served as Second Lieu- 
tenant in Georgia National Guard. 19 23-19 24; Second Lieu- 
tenant, ORG, 1923-1928. Professor of Physics and D?an of Col- 
lege of Art and Sciences, Emory University, 1938-1947; Director 
of the University Center in Georgia, 1948-1950; Associate Direc- 
tor of the General Education Board (of New York, a Rockefeller 
Foundation), 1950-1954; Provost and Vice President of Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1954-1956; Acting President, University 
of North Carolina, July 19 55 to February 1956; member Council 
of the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies, 1947-1950; Chair- 
man in 1948 and member Board of Directors, 1955-1957. Author 
of several scientific papers in journals of physics. Elected Direc- 
tor of North Carolina Board of Higher Education on January 4, 
1956 and assumed duties on :\Iarch 1, 1956. Methodist. IMarricd 
Mary Pearce Brown, June 9, 1932. One son, James H. Purlvs. Ill 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. 



'13() XoNiii Cai;(ii i\A Mamai, 

(iE()K(a<: \\.\siii\(;t<).\ jcandall, jit. 

CILVIKMAN NORTH CAROLINA HOARD OF PAROLES 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

George Waphington Randall, Jr., Democrat, was born in West 
Blocton, Ala., July i;;, 1910. Son of George Washington and Car- 
rie Leland (White) Randall. Attended West Blocton, Ala., High 
School, 1923-1927; Alabama Polytechnic Institute (Auburn), 
192 7-19 29; University of Alabama, 1929-1981; University of Ala- 
bama Law School, 1931-1932. Member Iredell County Democratic 
Executive Committee, 1949-1951; Mooresville Planning Board; 
Mooresville Chamber of Commerce, Director; Mooresville Rotary 
Club, President, 1948-1949. Member Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. 
Representative from Iredell County in the General Assembly of 
1953 and 1955. Appointed Chairman, N. C. Board of Paroles by 
Governor Luther H. Hodges, June 29, 195 6. Episcopalian. Mar- 
ried Satie Graham of Sumter, S. C, January 19, 1935. Three 
children: George Robert Randall (deceased); jMartha Leland 
Randall, age 11; and Rosemary Randall, age 4. Home address: 
Mooresville, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

AEIIOS KKEDKKICK HANSDELL 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Xeros Frederick Ransdell, Democrat, was born in Franklin 
County, N. C, September 19, 1903. Son of William C. and Mary 
(Dixon) Ransdell. Attended Sandhill Farm Life School, 19 23- 
1927; Mars Hill College; Wake Forest College; Wake Forest Law 
School, 1930-1933. President, Euthalian Literary Society, Mars 
Hill College, 1929; awarded improvement medal, 19 28; Debater's 
Medal, 1929; Commencement Debater's Medal, 1929, Inter-Col- 
legiate Debater, 1928-1929. Delegate from Wake County to Na- 
tional Farm Bureau Organization in Chicago, 111., 19 44. Lawyer. 
Member Wake County Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar 
Association. Solicitor, Fuquay Springs Recorder's Court, 1934- 
1944 and 1954-1955. Representative from Wake County in the 
General Assembly of 1945 and 1947. Chief Enrolling Clerk dur- 
ing 1949 Session of the General Assembly. Appointed Director 
of State Probation Commission by the North Carolina State Pro- 



BioGKAi'iiicAr, Skktciies 437 

bation Commission and the Governor, January 21, 1950. Appointed 
Commissioner of Paroles for tlie State of North Carolina by Gov- 
ernor Scott, June 2, 1952'. Appointed a member of the North 
Carolina Probation Commission by Governor Scott, August 20, 
1952. Appointed a member of the North Carolina Industrial Com- 
mission by Governor Hodges, January 14, 1955. Member Fuquay- 
Varina Lions Club. Presbyterian. One daughter: Sylvia Nan 
Ransdell. Address: Varina, N. C. 

BENJAMIN KOIJIXSON KOJJEKTS 

COMMISSIONER OF BANKS 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 

Benjamin Robinson Roberts, Democrat, was born in Blacks- 
burg, S. C, July 27, 1893. Son of Charles P. and Eliza (Hall) 
Roberts. Attended Shelby Public Schools. Engaged in Newspaper 
work from 1913 to 1917; worked with Southern Railway Com- 
pany, 1917-19 21; entered banking business in 19 21; bank exami- 
ner for State of North Carolina, 1926-1932; Vice President of 
Durham Loan & Trust in 193 2 and promoted to President in 
1950. Past President North Carolina Bankers Association, Dur- 
ham Community Chest and Durham Y.M.C.A.; former member 
of Executive Committee of North Carolina Bankers Association, 
Executive Committee of American Bankers Association, Execu- 
tive Committee of the North Carolina Citizens Association, Inc., 
and Executive Committee of the Home Security Life Insurance 
Company. Former Regional and State Vice President of American 
Bankers Association; Past President and member Board of Direc- 
tors of State School for Blind at Raleigh; former member Dur- 
ham City Council. Member Board of Directors and President of 
Hospital Care Association; Board of Directors Security Savings 
and Loan Association of Durham; Durham Kiwanis Club; former 
State Vice-chairman of U. S. Saving Bond Division. Appointed 
North Carolina Commissioner of Banks by Governor Luther H. 
Hodges on November 12, 1957. Member St. Phillip's Episcopal 
Church of Durham; Senior Warden and member of Vestry; form- 
er member Executive Committee Diocese of North Carolina; form- 
er Chairman Finance Committee Diocese of North Carolina. Mar- 
ried Louise Harris of Raleigh. N. C, 1919. Two daughters: Mrs. 
James O. Holt, Jr.. and :\[rs. Donald Fetner. Address: lOS Bu- 
chanan Boulevard, Durham, N. C. 



43S Noiri H CAitoiiXA ^IwrAi, 

WILIJ AM I'. S.Al.NDKHS 

DIKECTOli DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

William P. Saunders, Democrat, was born in Gaston County at 
Dallas. October 28, 1897. Son of the late Thomas Lee Saunders 
and Mary Elizabeth (Gaston) Saunders. Attended Plumtree 
Academy in Spruce Pine; was graduated from the Alorgaiiton High 
School. .Attended University of North Carolina, Class of 1921. 
While an undergraduate at I'niversity, he was a private in the 
Student Army Training Corps (SATC), 1917-18, and played out- 
field on University baseball team of which the now Governor 
Luther H. Hodges was business manager. After serving in var- 
ious capacities in textile industry he became managei- of Pine- 
hurst Silk Mill at Hemp (now Robbins) in 1931. Was President 
of Robbins Mills, Inc., which had branches at Aberdeen, Raeford, 
Red Springs, Robbins, Rocky Mount and Clarksville, Va., when 
mills merged with American Woolen Company in 1954. Had re- 
tired to home in Southern Pines when Governor Hodges requested 
him to become Director, Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment, effective December 15, 1955, to succeed Ben K. Doug- 
las, resigned. Mayor of Robbins, 1935-50; served on Robbins 
School Board; member Moore County Board of Education; USO 
Chairman for Moore County during World War H, and has been 
a member of Moore County Hospital 13oard for more than 22 
years. Named by Governor R. Gregg Cherry as a member of first 
State Stream Sanitation Commission. Resigned membership on 
State Banking Commission to which he had been named by Gov- 
ernor William B. I'mstead when Governor Hodges appointed him 
to present position. Member Board of Trustees University of 
North Carolina; Chairman of Board's Visiting Committee; Direc- 
tor and Vice President Business Foundation of University of 
North Cai'olina; inember of Advisory Council North Carolina State 
College. Scottish Rite Mason; Shriner; member Southern Pines 
Kiwanis Club; former member of Robbins Lions Club and Knights 
of Pythias. Life-long Democrat, he served as chairman of his pi'e- 
cinct in Moore County and is a member of the State Democratic 
Executive Committee from Moore County. Member Pine Needles 
Country Club, Southern Pines; Kings :\Iountain Country Club; 
Carolina Country Club and Sphinx Club, both in Raleigh. Presby- 



Biographical Sketches 439 

terian; Elder. Married Elizabeth Yates Plonk of Kings Mountain, 
October, 1923, deceased. Two daughters: Mrs. Ralph W. Barn- 
hart, Raeford, N. C, and Mrs. Robert O. Southwell, Rome, Ga. 
Official address: Education Building, Raleigh, N. C. Home ad- 
dress: Southern Pines, N. C. 

KDWARD S( HEIDT 

COMMISSIONER OF MOTOR VEHICLES 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Edward Scheldt, Democrat, was born in St. Paul. Minnesota, 
January 20, 1903. Son of John and Anna (Kerber) Scheldt. At- 
tended Winston-Salem High School, Class of 1921; University of 
North Carolina. A. B., 1926; University of North Carolina Law 
School. LL.B.. 1931. Admitted to the North Carolina Bar in 1931. 
Worked with Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1931-1953, serving 
as Special Agent in charge of the Charlotte, New York and De- 
troit offices. Member Society of former Special Agents of the 
F. B. I.; Chi Phi Social Fraternity; Omicron Delta Kappa Hon- 
orary Fraternity. Lutheran. Married Ruth Schwenck. August 
28, 1933. Two daughters. Elsa and Ruth. Address: 2338 Hatha- 
way Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

BASIL LAMAR SHERRILl. 

DIRECTOR STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Probation Commission 
with the approval of the Governor) 

Basil Lamar Sherrill, Democrat, was born in Gastonia, N. C, 
May 2 9, 1921. Son of Joseph Leroy and Lily (Whitley) Sherrill. 
Attended Gastonia High School, 193 2-1935; Valdese High School, 
193 6; Appalachian State Teachers College, 193 6-1938; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1946-1947, A.B. degree; University of 
North Carolina Law School, 1947-1950, J.D. degree. Member 
N. C. State Bar; N. C. Bar Association; Phi Delta Phi. Assistant 
Director Institute of Government, 1950-1955; Executive Secre- 
tary Commission on Legislative Representation, 1955-1957; As- 
sistant Attorney General, 1958. Served in U. S. Navy, 1940-1945; 
now Commander in Naval Reserve. Baptist. Married Virginia 
Ashcraft, August 29, 1948. Children: George, Robert and Sarah. 
Address: 115 Chamberlain St., Raleigh. N. C. 



440 XouTii C.uioi.i.N.v Ma.mal 

HIDSOX (LATE STANSIU HV 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF TAX RESEARCH 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Hudson Clate Stansbury, Democrat, was born in Oakvale, Miss., 
September 22. 1915. Son of Criss Monroe and Frances Elizabetli 
(Farmer) Stansbury. Attended elementary school of La Grange, 
Texas, 1922-1929; Copiah-Lincoln Agricultural High School and 
Junior College, 1929-1935; University of North Carolina, B.S. in 
Commerce. 194 7. Member National Tax Association; National 
Association of Tax Administrators; Tax Institute; Phi Beta Kap- 
pa; Beta Gamma Sigma. Appointed Director Department of Tax 
Research in September of 1957. Ex-officio member oi" Tax Re- 
view Board and State Board of Assessment; Executive Secretary 
of Tax Study Commission, 1958. Corporal in United States Army, 
1944-194 6; participated in Rhineland and Central European 
Campaigns as member of 9th Infantry Division; awarded Purple 
Heart. Methodist; member Official Board since 1955 and Secre- 
tary, 1957. Married Mary Louise Adams, August 8, 1940. Chil- 
dren: Hudson Clate Stansbury, Jr., and Crisstine Marianne Stans- 
bury. Address: 27 27 Everett Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 

CAPUS WAYNICK 

THE ADJUTANT GENERAL 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Capus Waynick, Democrat, was born in Rockingham County, 
North Carolina, December 23, 1889. Son of Joshua James and 
Anna (Moore) Waynick. Attended Greensboro High School, 
graduating in 1907; University of North Carolina, 1907-1909. 
Member Masonic Order; Knights of Pythias; Rotary Club; Ki- 
wanis Club. Director U. S. Reemployment Service, 1933-1934; 
Chairman State Highway and Public Works Commission, 193 4- 
1937; Director State Division of Purchase and Contract, 1937; 
U. S. Ambassador to Nicaragua, 1949-1951; Organizer and Tem- 
porary Director Point Four Program, 1950; U. S. Ambassador to 
Columbia, 1951-1953. Representative from Guilford County in 
the General Assembly of 1931; State Senator in the General As- 
sembly of 1933. Author of "History of North Carolina Highway 
System." Member National Guard, 1911-1913; U. S. Army. 1918; 



Biographical Sketches 441 

Second Lieutenant in Reserve, 1918-19 2'8. Presbyterian. Married 
Elizabeth Hunt McBee. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. Perma- 
nent address: 1713 Beaucrest Road, High Point, N .C. 

HARRY TRA( Y WP:ST( OTT 

CHAIRMAN STATE UTILITIES COMMISSION 
(Appointed by the Governor) 

Harry Tracy Westcott, Democrat, was born in Manteo, N. C, 
April 13, 1906. Son of George Thomas and Odessa (Tillett) West- 
cott. Attended Manteo Graded School, 1914-1920; Manteo High 
"school, 1920-1924; North Carolina State College, B.S. degree, 
1928. Attended and completed School of Transportation and Mar- 
keting conducted by the University of Chicago in cooperation with 
the U. S. Department of Agriculture in New York, 193 8. Presi- 
dent, Inspectors Association of America, 1941. Marketing Special- 
ist, N. C. Department of Agriculture, 1936-1948. Administrator, 
Federal Marketing Agreement and Order No. 81 States of N. C. 
and Virginia, 1948. Director of Markets, State of North Carolina, 
19 48-1950. Appointed by Governor Scott as a member of the 
Utilities Commission, March 1, 1950. Reappointed for a term of 
six years, February 1, 1951; reappointed in 1957 by Governor 
Hodges for a term of six years and appointed Chairman of the 
Commission, August 1, 1958. Methodist. Married Helen Rankin 
of Gastonia, N. C. March 21, 1942. Two children: Helen Rankin 
Westcott; Robert Thomas Westcott. Address: 30 4 6 Granville 
Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

R. LEE WHITMIRE 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

R. Lee Whitmire, Democrat, was born in Brevard, North Caro- 
lina, January 21. 1898. Son of W. P. and Annie Floyd Whitmire. 
Attended Brevard and Hendersonville High Schools; University 
of North Carolina Law School, 1919-19 21, and admitted to the 
Bar in 1921. General practitioner with offices in Hendersonville 
since March 1921. Member Henderson County Bar Association 
and North Carolina State Bar. Chairman Henderson County 
Board of Elections, 1922-1924. Hendersonville City Attorney, 



442 North Cauomxa Manual 

1923-1932. Delegate to Democratic National Convention. 1924. 
Served as enlisted man, United States Army, April 1917 to Feb- 
ruary 1919; overseas, 1918-1919. Henderson County War Bond 
Chairman, AVorld War II. Chairman of Selective Service Appeal 
Board for Western United States Judicial Division of North Caro- 
lina, 1952-1953. Commander Hendersonville Post of American Le- 
gion, 1923-1924. President Hendersonville Rotary Club, 1931. 
Member Masonic Lodge, Elks Club, American Legion and Veterans 
of Foreign Wars; member North Carolina General Statutes Com- 
mission, 1949-1951; Board of Trustees University of North Caro- 
lina, 1949 to 1955; North Carolina Judicial Council, 1951-1953. 
State Senator from the 27th Senatorial District, 19 27, and 3 2nd 
District, 19 57. Representative from Henderson County in North 
Carolina General Assembly, Sessions of 1949, 1951 and 1953. 
Chairman Committee on Judiciary No. 1 Session of 1951 and 
1953. Democratic nominee for State Representatives Session of 
1953 without opposition In Primary and Election. Superior Court 
Judge. 1953 to 1955, appointed by Governor William B. Umstead. 
Democratic candidate for State Senator without opposition in 
Primary and General Election of 1956. Member official Inaugural 
Committee (Governor Luther H. Hodges), 1957. Baptist. Married 
Irene Louise Jones (now deceased) July 30, 1924, Madge Schacht 
Watson (now deceased) September 14, 193 7, and Margaret Alice 
Davenport June 11, 1946. One son, Robert Lee Whitmire, Jr., 
Hendei-sonville attorney, born of first marriage. Address: Hen- 
dersonville, N. C. 

DR. ELLEX WINSTON 

COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

(Appointed by the State Board of Public Welfare 
with the approval of the Governor) 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Democrat, was born in Bryson City, N. C. 
Daughter of Stanley "Warren and Marianna (Fischer) Black. At- 
tended Bryson City Public Schools; Converse College, Spartan- 
burg, S. C, A.B.; graduate work at N. C. State College and Uni- 
versity of North Carolina; University of Chicago, M.A.; Ph.D.; 
honorary L.H.D., Woman's College of University of North Caro- 
lina, 19 48; honorary LL.D., Converse College, 1952. Appointed 
Commissioner of the State Board of Public Welfare, June 1, 1944. 



Biographical Sketches 443 

Member American Sociological Society, American Public Welfare 
Association. National Conference of Social Welfare, North Caro- 
lina Conference for Social Service, American Association of Uni- 
versity Women, Raleigh Business and Professional Women's Club, 
Raleigh Woman's Club, and International Conference of Social 
Work. President State Legislative Council, 1943-1944; Legisla- 
tive Chairman State Federation of Women's Clubs, 1943-19 4 4. 
International Relations Chairman, N. C. Branch American Asso- 
ciation of University Women, 1943-19 4 6. Chairman Administra- 
tive Board of State Nutrition Committee, 1947-1948. President, 
N. C. Conference for Social Service, 1948-1950. Head, Depart- 
ment of Sociology and Economics, Meredith College, 1940-1944. 
Consultant Federal Works Project Administration, 1939-1943. 
Consultant National Resources Planning Board, 1940-1943. Con- 
sultant United States Office of Education, 194 2-1944. Member, 
Board of Directors, North Carolina Conference for Social Service, 
Mental Health Council; Board of Directors, Council on Social 
Work Education, 1958-1960; Federal-State Committee on Aging 
since 1957; National Status of Women Committee, American As- 
sociation ot University Women since 1953; Chairman, North 
Carolina Board of Eugenics. Ex-officio member N. C. Medical 
Care Commission, State Recreation Commission, State Commis- 
sion for the Blind, and State Board of Correction and Training. 
President, American Public Welfare Association, 1957-1958; 
Chairman, North Carolina Committee on Refugee Act of 1953. 
Member, Committee on Federal Aid to Welfare of Commission on 
Intergovernmental Relations, 19 54-19 5 5. Member, Factfinding 
Committee, Midcentury White House Conference on Children and 
Youth, 1948-1950; member Slum Clearance Advisory Committee, 
U. S. Housing and Home Finance Agency, 1950-1954; member, 
Executive Committee, National Conference of Social Work, 1951- 
1954; President, North Carolina Health Council, 1955-1957. 
Chairman, Governor's Coordinating Committee on Aging. Listed 
in "Biographical Directory of American Scholars," "Who's Who in 
American Education," Who's Who in the Western Hemisphere," 
and "Who's Who in America." Co-author of "Seven Lean Years"; 
"The Plantation South, 1934-1937"; "Foundations of American 
Population Policy." Author of numerous articles dealing with 
social and economic problems. Formerly special technical editor 
National Economic and Social Planning Association and for the 



444 XoKTH Cahomna Mam ai. 

Carnegie Corporation of New York. Presbyterian. Married Dr. 
Sanford Winston. Address: 1712 Piccadilly Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 

HKNHV ALTON WOOD 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
NORTH CAROLINA STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

Appointed by the Governor) 

Henry Alton Wood, Democrat, was born in Lincolnion, N. C, 
September 7, 1904. Son of John Henry and Ella (Heavner) Wood. 
Attended Valle Crucis Industrial School; Lincolnton High School; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 19 27; University of North 
Carolina Graduate School, 1928-1931. Member National Re- 
habilitation Association; N. C. Society Social Service; N. C. So- 
ciety Crippled Children; Exceptional Child; JAPES; American 
Association for the Blind; National Society for the Prevention of 
Blindness; Association of Rehabilitation Workers for the Blind, 
National President, 1949; U. S. Delegation World Council for the 
Welfare of the Blind, Paris, France, 1954; Sir Walter Lions Club; 
Director American Association Workers for the Blind. 1950 and 
Vice President, 1956-1960; Director North Carolina State Associa- 
tion for the Blind; Trustee American Foundation for the Blind; 
First Vice President States' Council of Agencies for the Blind, 
19 54; Director States Council National Rehabilitation Associa- 
tion; President American Association of Workers for the Blind, 
19 58. Episcopalian. Married Pauline Patton, June 17, 193 3. One 
daughter, Mrs. Edward Lee Smith. Address: 2619 Grant Avenue, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

SAMUEL OTIS WOHTHIXGTON 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

(Appointed by the Governor) 

Samuel Otis Worthington, Democrat, was born in Winterville, 
N. C, January 24, 1898. Son of Samuel G. and Lydia Campbell 
(Smith) AVorthington. Attended rural schools, 190 5-1912; Win- 
terville High School. 1912-1917; University of North Carolina, 
two years of academic work and two years of law, fall of 1917 
through summer of 1921. Attorney. Served in the Naval Unit of 



Biographical Sketches 445 

S.A.T.C. at tho University from September 1, 1918 to November 
1918. Served in N. C. State Guard October, 1943 to October, 1944. 
Representative from Pitt County in the General Assembly of 1939, 
1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Member Phi 
Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. Grand Chancellor of the Order of 
Knights of Pythias in the State of North Carolina from June, 1930 
to July, 1931. Supreme Representative from Domain of North 
Carolina to Supreme Lodge Knights of Pythias, 1938-1948. Mem- 
ber Greenville Exchange Club; Treasurer, N. C. State Exchange 
Clubs, 1953-1955. State Utilities Commissioner, June 1, 1953- 
December 31, 1954; reappointed June 28, 1955. Episcopalian. 
Married Bessie Harrison, April 29, 1926. Two children: Lina 
Hackett Worthington Mays, Richmond, Va., and Samuel Otis 
Worthington, Jr., Greenville, N. C. Two grandchildren. Robert 
Worthington Mays and Bess Mays. Home address: Greenville, 
N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

NATHAX HUNTER YELTON 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(Elected by Board of Trustees) 

Nathan Hunter Yelton, Democrat, was born at Bakersville, N. 
C, April 5, 1901. Son of David and Sarah Jane (Deyton) Yelton. 
Graduated from Yancey Collegiate Institute, Burnsville, N. C; 
B.S., George Peabody College, Nashville, Tennessee, 19 28; gradu- 
ate work at the University of North Carolina, 1930; School Ad- 
ministration, George Peabody College, 1931. Teacher, Elemen- 
tary and High School Principal, 1923-1931; Superintendent, 
Mitchell County Schools, 1931-1937; State Director Public As- 
sistance, 1937-1941; Executive Secretary, State School Commis- 
sion, 1941-1942; Controller State Board of Education, 1942-1943; 
Director N. C. Public Employees' Social Security Agency since 
1951 and Director and Executive Secretary of the North Carolina 
Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System and Teachers' 
and State Employees' Retirement System since 1945. Captain 
U. S. Army, December 19, 1943 to October 7, 19 45 with eighteen 
months overseas; attached to British 11th Armored Division for 
eight months; participated in the invasion of Normandy, North 
P'rance and Rhineland Campaigns; attached to 3rd Army with 



446 North Carolina Manual 

headquarters in Munich in charge of :\Iilitary Government Educa- 
tion program for Bavaria in the denazification of the German 
School System; promoted to rank of Major and now holds this 
commission in the Officer Reserve Corps. Member Municipal 
Finance Officers Association, U. S. and Canada; Southern Confer- 
ence on Teacher Retirement and a past president; National Coun- 
cil on Teacher Retirement, a division of the National Education 
Association, having served in the past as a member of the Board 
of Directors and Chairman of the Legislative Committee and 
later as Chairman; State Democratic Executive Committee; Gov- 
ernor's Coordinating Committee on Aging; Board of N. C. Police 
Voluntary Benefit Association; Board of Directors Raleigh United 
Fund; American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Raleigh 
Lions Club. Mason, member Raleigh Lodge 500. Presbyterian; 
Chairman of Board of Deacons. Married Cerena Sue Polk (now 
deceased) of Maryville, Tenn., April 16. 19 22; one daughter (Mrs. 
Robert E. Morton) of Buffalo, New York. Married Betty Gwyn 
Holland of Clinton, N. C, May 12. 1956; one daughter, Molly 
Dawn. Home address: Garner, N. C. Office: Raleigh, N. C. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS 

SAM J. EKVIX, JR. 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Sam J. Ervin. Jr., Democrat, was born at Morganton, N. C, 
September 27, 1896. Son of Samuel James and Laura (Powe) 
Ervin. Attended University of North Carolina, A.B., 1917; Har- 
vard Law School, LL.B., 1922. Granted the following honorary 
degrees: LL.D., University of North Carolina, 1951; LL.D., West- 
ern Carolina College, 19 55; D. Pub. Admin., Suffolk University, 
1957. Admitted to North Carolina Bar in 1919 and practiced law 
at Morganton from 1922 until present except during term on the 
bench. Member American Bar Association, American Judicature 
Society, North Carolina Bar Association and North Carolina State 
Bar. Served in France with First Division in World War I; twice 
wounded in battle, twice cited for gallantry in action, and awarded 
French Fourragere, Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, Silver 
Star and Distinguished Service Cross. Member North Carolina 
State Democratic Executive Commitee, 1930-1937; North Caro- 
lina State Board of Law Examiners, 1944-1946; Chairman Burke 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 19 24; Judge Burke 
County Criminal Court, 1935-1937; Judge North Carolina Super- 
ior Court, 1937-1943; Chairman North Carolina Commission for 
the Improvement of the Administration of Justice, 19 47-19 49; del- 
egate to the Democratic National Convention, 1956; Trustee Mor- 
ganton Graded Schools, 1927-1930, University of North Carolina. 
1932'-1935, 1945-1946, and Davidson College, 1948-1958. Repre- 
sentative from Burke County in North Carolina General Assem- 
bly of 1923, 1925 and 1931; Representative from the Tenth North 
Carolina Congressional District in the Seventy-ninth Congress, 
1946-1947. Associate Justice of the North Carolina Supreme 
Court from February 3, 1948 until June 11, 19 54 when he quali- 
fied as a United States Senator under appointment of Governor 
William B. Umstead as successor to the late Clyde R. Hoey; nomi- 
nated and elected to the Senate in 19 54 without opposition for 
the unexpired term ending January 2, 1957; renominated and 
re-elected in 1956 for a full term ending January 2, 1963 by the 
largest majorities ever given a Senatorial candidate in North 
Carolina. Member American Legion; Army and Navy Legion of 
Valor; Disabled American Veterans; Society of tlie First Division; 

i 447 



Senator li. Kverett Jdidaii 



Bonner — First District 



Fountain — Second District 



Burden — Tliird District 



Cooley — Fourtli District 



Scott— Fiftli District 



Durham — Sixtli District 




Biographical Sketches 449 

Veterans of Foreign Wars; Knights Templar; Scottisli Rite Ma- 
sons; Ahepa; Doliies; Junior Order; Kniglits of Pythias; Moose: 
American Historical Association; North Carolina Society for the 
Preservation of Antiquities; North Carolina Society of Mayflower 
Descendants; North Carolina Folklore Society; North Carolina 
Society of the Cincinnati; South Carolina Historical Society; 
Southern Historical Association; State Literary and Historical 
Association; Western North Carolina Historical Association; 
Morganton Kiwanis Club; General Alumni Association of the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, President, 194 7-1948. Chosen Mor- 
ganton's Man of the Year, 1954. Presbyterian. Married Margaret 
Bruce Bell of Concord, N. C, June 18, 1924. Children: Sam J. 
Ervin, 3d, Margaret Leslie Ervin and Laura Powe Ervin (now 
Mrs. Hallett S. Ward, Jr.). Address: Morganton, N. C. 

B. EVERETT JORDAN 

UNITED ST.'^TES SENATOR 

B. Everett Jordan. Democrat, was born at Ramseur, N. C, 
September S, 1896. Son of Rev. Henry Harrison and Annie Eliza- 
beth (Sellers) Jordan. Attended Rutherford College, N. C. Pre- 
paratory School, 1912-1913; Trinity College, 1914-191.5. Organ- 
ized Sellers Manufacturing Co. in 1927 and has served as Secre- 
tary-Treasurer and General Manager since; also an official in 
several other textile manufacturing companies. Chairman North 
Carolina Democratic Executive Committee, 1949-1954; Democra- 
tic National Committeeman from North Carolina, 195 4-19 58; 
member North Carolina Peace Officers Benefit and Retirement 
Commission, 19 43-19 58; Chairman Board of Trustees, Alamance 
County General Hospital; Trustee Duke University and Elon Col- 
lege; officer of Alamance County TB Association and Alamance 
County Red Cross. Member Rotary Club and Masoiiic Order. 
Alamance County Man of the Year, 19 55. Served in Tank Corps, 
United States Army, 1918-1919, with occupation forces in Ger- 
many, 1919. Appointed by Governor Luther H. Hodges to the 
U. S. Senate, April 19, 1958, to succeed W. Kerr Scott, deceased. 
Methodist; Lay Leader, 1935-1940; Chairman Board of Stewards, 
1930-1950; Teacher Adult Bible Class, 1927-1958; Vice President 
Board of Methodist Colleges, 1952-1956. Married Katherine Mc- 
Lean of Gastonia, N. C. November 29, 1924. Children: Benjamin 
Everett, Rose Ann Gant and John McLean. Address: Saxapahaw, 
N. C. 



450 XouTii Cauoi.i.na Manual 



REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

HERBERT COVINGTON BONNER 

(First District — Counties: Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Curri- 
tuck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perqui- 
mans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Washington. Population 247. sn4.) 

Herbert Covington Bonner, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C. Son of Macon Herbert and Hannah Selby (Hare) Bonner. 
Attended Public and Private Schools, Washington, N. C; Warren- 
ton High School 1906-1909. Farmer. Sergeant Co. I. 322nd In- 
fantry, 81st Division World War I. Attended Officers Training 
School, Longres, France, after Armistice. Commander Beaufort 
County Post 1922, and District Commander American Legion, 
N. C. Dept., 1940. Elected to Seventy-sixth Congress from the 
First Congressional District, November 19 40, to succeed Lindsay 
C. Warren, resigned. Re-elected to Seventy-seventh, Seventy- 
eighth, Seventy-ninth, Eightieth, Eighty-first, Eighty-second, 
Eighty-third, Eighty-fourth, Eighty-fifth and Eighty-sixth Con- 
gresses. Episcopalian, Mason, Shriner, Elk and Legionnaire. Mar- 
ried Mrs. Eva Hassell Hackney. August 2, 19 24. Address: Wash- 
ington, N. C. 



LAWRENCE H. FOUNTAIN 

(Second District — Counties: Bertie. Edgecombe. Greene, Hali- 
fax, Lenoir, Northampton, Warren and Wilson. Population, 
306,904.) 

Lawrence H. Fountain, Democrat, was born in the village of 
Leggett, Edgecombe County, North Carolina, April 23, 1913. Son 
of Sallie (Barnes) and the late Lawa-ence H. Fountain. Educated 
in the public schools of Edgecombe County and at the University 
of North Carolina, A.B. and LL.B degrees. Active attorney-at-law 
from 1936 until elected to Congress. Member local, state and 
national Bar Associations; Kiwanis and Moose Clubs; Executive 
Committee East Carolina Council Boy Scouts of America; Board 
of Trustees, Consolidated Presbyterian College, Laurinburg, N. C; 
former Jaycee; Reading Clerk North Carolina State Senate, 193 6- 
1941; North Carolina State Senator, 1947-19,52. World War 11 



Biographical Skktches 451 

veteran of tour years service. Elected to 83rd Congress; re-elected 
to 8 4th, 8 5th and 8 6th Congresses; Member House Committees 
on Government Operations and Foreign Affairs; Chairman, Inter- 
governmental Relations Subcommittee of Committee on Govern- 
ment Operations, S4th and 8 5th Congresses. Presbyterian; Elder. 
Married Christine Dail of Mount Olive, N. C. Address: Tarboro, 
N. C. 

Gil AH AM A. UAH DEN 

(Third District — Counties: Carteret, Craven. Duplin, Jones, 
Onslow. Pamlico, Pender, Sampson, and Wayne. Population 
308,470.) 

Graham Arthur Barden, Democrat, was born in Sampson Coun- 
ty, N. C, September 25, 1896. Son of James Jefferson and Mary 
Robinson (James) Barden. Attended Burgaw High School; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, LL.B. degree. Attorney-at-law. Mem- 
ber of Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Sigma Chi Fraternity. 
Member Sudan Shrine; Doric Masonic Lodge; Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks; American Legion; Master of Doric Lodge 
1928; Exalted Ruler of the Elks Lodge; Commander of the Amer- 
ican Legion. Served in the United States Navy during World 
War I. Judge of Craven County Court. Representative from Cra- 
ven County in General Assembly 193 3. Elected to the Seventy- 
fourth Congress, the Seventy-fifth Congress, the Seventy-sixth Con- 
gress, the Seventy-seventh Congress; the Seventy-eighth Congress, 
the Seventy-ninth Congress, the Eightieth Congress, the Eighty- 
first Congress, the Eighty-second Congress, the Eighty-third Con- 
gress, the Eighty-fourth Congress, the Eighty-fifth Congress and 
the Eighty-sixth Congress. Presbyterian. Married Agnes Foy; 
two children, Graham A., Jr., and Agnes Barden Sabiston. Ad- 
dress: New Bern, N. C. 

HAKOLD I). COOLEV 

(Fourth District — Counties: Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, 
Nash, Randolph, Vsnce and Wake. Population, 401,913.) 

Harold Dunbar Cooley, Democrat, was born at Nashville, N. C, 
July 26, 189 7. Son of the late R. A. P. Cooley and Hattie Davis 
Cooley. Attended the public schools of Nash County; University 



452 XOKTTT C-VROTTXA MaXT'AL 

of North Carolina; Yale rniversity Law School. Licensed to prac- 
tice law in February of 1918. Presidential elector, 1932'; Presi- 
dent Nash County Bar Association, 193.3. Member Junior Order 
United American Mechanics, Phi Delta Theta Fraternity and Phi 
Delta Phi Law Fraternity. Served in the Naval Aviation Flying 
Corps during World War I. Elected to Seventy-third Congress, 
July 7, 1934 and re-elected to each succeeding Congress. Chair- 
man House Committee on Agriculture, Eighty-first, Eighty-second. 
Eighty-fourth and Eighty-sixth Congresses. Member Executive 
Committee and Council of Interparliamentary Union and Vice 
President of the American Group. Baptist. Married Madeline 
Strickland in 1923. One son, Roger A. P. Cooley, II; one daugh- 
ter, Hattie Davis Cooley Lawrence. Address: Nashville, N. C. 

RALPH JAMES SCOTT 

(Fifth District — Counties: Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, 
Rockingham, Stokes and Surry. Population, 355,088.^ 

Ralph James Scott, Democrat, was born in Surry County, Octo- 
ber 15, 1905. Son of Samual M. and Daisy M. (Cook) Scott. At- 
tended Pinnacle High School, graduating in 1925; Wake Forest 
College, LL.B., 1930. Lawyer. Member State and District Bar 
Associations. Representative in the General Assembly of 193 7. 
Chairman Stokes County Democratic Executive Committee since 
193 6. Elected Solicitor 21st District, 1938, 1942, 1946, 1950 and 
1954. Elected to 85th Congress, November 6, 1956; re-elected to 
8 6th Congress, November 4. 1958. Mason, Shriner and Elk. Bap- 
tist. Married Verna Denny, November 30, 1929. Two children, 
Mrs. W. F. Southern of Walnut Cove, N. C, and Nancy Scott of 
Chapel Hill, N. C. Address: Danbury, N. C. 

CAKL T. Dl HHAM 

(Sixth District — Counties: Alamance, Durham, Guilford and 
Orange. Population. 3 9 8.351.) 

Carl Thomas Durham, Democrat, was born at White Cross, 
Bingham Township, Orange County, N. C, August 28, 1892. Son 
of Claude P. and Delia Ann (Lloyd) Durham. Attended White 



BlOGRAPIITCAT. SKETCHES 453 

Cross Graded School, 1898-1908; Mandale High School, 1909- 
1912. University of North Carolina School of Pharmacy, 1916- 
1917. Pharmacist. Member and Vice President, N.C. P. A. Member 
Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen, 19 22-19 27; Chapel Hill School 
Board, 1927-1938; Orange County Board of Commissioners, 1933- 
1938. Elected to the 76th Congress and to each succeeding Con- 
gress. Third ranking member of the House Armed Services Com- 
mittee and Chairman 8 5th Congress Joint Committee on Atomic 
Energy and Vice-Chairman, 8 6th Congress. Delegate from the 
United States to first and second '"Atoms for Peace Conference", 
Geneva, Switzerland, summers of 195 5 and 19 58, and to the first 
and second meeting of International Atomic Energy Agency, 
Vienna, Austria, September, 1955, and September, 1958. Married 
]\Iavgaret Joe Whitsett (now deceased), December 30, 1918. Five 
children: Mrs. Gregg Murray, Mrs. Joe Wall, Anne, Carl T., Jr., 
and Mrs. Bill D. Sessler. Address: Chapel Hill, N. C. 



ALTON ASA LENNON 

(Seventh District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, 
Cumberland, Harnett, New Hanover and Robeson. Population, 
394,214.) 

Alton Asa Lennon, Democrat, was born in Wilmington, N. C, 
August 17, 1906. Son of Rosser Y. and Minnie (High) Lennon. 
Attended New Hanover County Public Schools, 1913-1925; Wake 
Forest College, LL.B., 19 29. Lawyer. Member New Hanover Bar 
Association; North Carolina Bar Association; State Bar, Inc. 
President, New Hanover County Bar Association, 19 53-19 54; 
Judge, New Hanover County Recorders Court, 1934-194 2. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1947 and 1951. Served in the 
United States Senate from July 15, 19 53 to November 2'9, 1954, 
by appointment of former Governor William B. Umstead. Elected 
to the S5th Congress in the General Election of November 6, 1956; 
re-elected to 86th Congress, November 4, 1958. Member Inter- 
national Order of Odd Fellows; Loyal Order of Moose. Member 
of First Baptist Church of Wilmington, N. C. Married Karine 
Welch, October 12, 1933. Children: Mrs. Edna Lee Lennon Frost 
and Alton Yates Lennon. Address: Wilmington, N. C. 



Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 



Lennon — Seventh District 



Kiteliin— EiKlith District 



Alexander — Xintli District 



Jonas — Tenth District 



Whitener — Eleventli District 



Hall— Twelfth District 




Biographical Sketches 455 

ALV'IX PALL KITCHIX 

(Eighth District — Counties: Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, 
Lee, Montgomery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes and 
Yadkin. Population, 369,455.) 

Alvin Paul Kitchin, Democrat, was born in Scotland Neck, N. C, 
September 13, 1908. Son of Alvin Paul and Carrie Virginia (Law- 
rence) Kitehin. Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 19 23- 
1925; Wake Forest College, 19 25-1930; Wake Forest College Law 
School. Lawyer. Worked with Federal Bureau of Investigation 
from January, 1933 to September, 19 45. Elected to 8 5tb Congress 
in the General Election of November 6, 1956; re-elected to 8 6th 
Congress, November 4, 1958; member of House Armed Services 
Committee. Member Kappa Alpha Southern; Masonic Lodge, 
Scottish Riie 14th Degree; Woodmen of the World; Rotary Club. 
Member, First Baptist Church of Wadesboro; Deacon: Teacher 
of Barracca Class. Married Dora Bennett Little, October 13, 1934. 
Children: A. Paul Kitchin, Jr., and Henry Little Kitchin. Ad- 
dress: Wadesboro, N. C. 

HUGH QlfXt V ALEXANDER 

(Ninth District — Counties: Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabar- 
rus, Caldwell, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly and Watauga. Population, 
338,907.) 

Hugh Quincy Alexander, Demorcat, was born in Glendon, N. C, 
August 7, 1911. Son of O. S. and Mary Belle (Reynolds) Alexan- 
der. Attended Goldston Grammar School, 1918-1925; West Dur- 
ham High School, 1925-1928; Durham High School, 1928-1929; 
Duke University, 1929-193 2'; University of North Carolina Law 
School, 1934-1937, LL.B. Lawyer. Member of the N. C. Bar As- 
sociation; Cabarrus County Bar. Shriner, Oasis Temple, President 
Cabarrus County Shrine Club. 1946; member of Executive Club; 
Kannapolis Junior Chamber of Commerce; Cannon Memorial Y's 
Men's Club; Past President of Interstate Y.M.C.A.; Young Men's 
Council N. C. and S. C; President Kannapolis Y. D. C. 1948; 
Beaver-Pittman Post American Legion, Commander, 1946. State 
Commander of American Legion, 19 50; Past Judge Advocate 12th 
District V. F. W. ; Chairman Public Affairs Committee of North 
Carolina Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1949; Representative in 



456 NoHTii C,\i!<ii,i.\A Mam Ai. 

the N. C. General Assembly Session of 1947 and 1949. Solicitor 
Cabarrus County Court, 1950-1952; member National American 
Legion Boy's State. Entered service as Ensign, U.S.N.R., June 19, 
1942; discharged as Lieutenant, U.S.N.R,, December 25, 1945. 
Elected to Eighty-third Congress, November 5, 1952; re-elected to 
Eighty-fourth Congress, November 2, 1954, to Eighty-fifth Con- 
gress, November 6, 1956 and to Eighty-sixth Congress, November 
4, 195S. Presbyterian. Married Myrtle Elizabeth White, Septem- 
ber 25, 1942. One daughter, Elizabeth Rippy Alexander, and 
three sons, Hugh Q. Alexander, Jr., Stephen Alexander, and Wil- 
liam George A.lexander. Address: 207 S. Main St., Kannapolis, 
N. C. 

CHARLES KAPEK JOXAS 

(Tt'iitli District — Counties: Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, 
Mecklenburg and Mitchell. Population, 3 60,318.) 

Charles Raper Jonas, Republican, was born in Lincoln County, 
N. C, December 9, 1904. Son of Charles Andrew and Rosa 
(Petrie) Jonas. Attended Lincolnton High School. 1918- 
1921; University of North Carolina, A.B., 19 25; University of 
North Carolina Law School, J.D., 1928. Attorney at law. Mem- 
ber Lincoln County, North Carolina and American Bar Associa- 
tions. President North Carolina Bar Association. 1946-1947. 
.Meml)er North Carolina National Guard since December 29, 1928; 
active duty in United States Army, 1941-1946, being discharged 
as Lieutenant-Colonel; at present. Colonel, North Carolina Na- 
tional Guard. Elected to Congress from the Tenth North Carolina 
Congressional District, November 4, 1952; re-elected November 2, 
1954, November 6, 1956, and November 4, 19 58. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Annie Elliott Lee, August 14, 1929. Children: Charles Jonas, 
Jr., age 17, Richard Elliott Jonas, age 15. Address: Lincolnton, 
N. C. 

BASIL LEE WHITEXEH 

(Eleventh District — Counties: Cleveland, Gaston, Madison, Mc- 
Dowell, Polk, Rutherford, and Yancey. Population, 295,724.) 

Basil Lee Whitener, Democrat, was born in York County, S. C, 
May 14, 1915. Son of Laura Barrett Whitener and the late Levi 



Biographical Sketches 457 

Whitener. Attended the public schools of Gaston County, grad- 
uating from Lowell High School in 1931; Rutherford County 
College; University of South Carolina; Duke University, LL.B., 
1937. Admitted to North Carolina Bar in August of 1937 and im- 
mediately entered general practice in Gastonia. Member American 
Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Gaston County 
Bar Association, President, 19 50; American Judicature Society; 
General Statutes Commission, 1946; Commission to Study Im- 
provement of Administration of Justice, 19 47-19 49; National As- 
sociation of Claimants' Compensation Attorneys; Judicial Confer- 
ence of Fourth Federal Judicial Circuit. Organizer and first Presi- 
dent, Gastonia Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1938; Vice-Presi- 
dent, N. C. Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1940-1941; President, 
N. C. Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1941-19 42; honorary life 
member of Gastonia Junior Chamber of Commerce. State Presi- 
dent, Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina ,1946-1947; Per- 
manent Chairman, Young Democratic National Convention at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., November, 1949; Chairman Speakers' Bureau, 
Young Democratic Clubs of America, 19 48-194 9; Chairman, Ad- 
visory Committee of Y'oung Democratic Clubs of America, 1949- 
1951; Chairman, Board of Regional Directors of the Young Demo- 
cratic Clubs of America, 1951. Delegate from the Eleventh Con- 
gressional District to 1948 Democratic National Convention in 
Philadelphia. Representative in the General Assembly of 1941; 
renominated in 194 2 but resigned to enter the U. S. Navy. Served 
as a gunnery officer in U. S. Navy during World War II, being 
separated from service in November of 1945 with rank of Lieu- 
tenant. USNR. Appointed Solicitor 14th Solicitorial District in 
January of 1946; renominated in May of 1946 as Democratic can- 
didate for Solicitor and elected in November, 1946; re-elected in 
1950 and 1954. Elected to 85th Congress, November 6, 1956; 
re-elected November 4, 1958. Member of Judiciary Committee. 
Member Kiwanis Club; Elks Club; American Legion; Forty and 
Eight; V. F. W.; 3 2nd degree Mason; York and Scottish Rite 
Bodies; Shriner. Member, Main Street Methodist Church of Gas- 
tonia; member Official Board. Married Harriet Priscilla Morgan 
of Union, S. C, September 26, 1942. Three children: John Mor- 
gan Whitener, born October 25, 1945; Laura Lee Whitener, born 
August 15, 1950; Basil Lee Whitener, Jr., born October 16, 1952. 
Address: Gastonia, N. C. 



458 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

DAVID McKKK HALL, .111. 

Crwclt'th District — Counties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Gra- 
ham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain and Transyl- 
vania. Population. 284,691.) 

David McKee Hall, Jr., Democrat, was born in Sylva. N. C, May 
16. 1918. Son of David McKee and Edith Enloe (Moore) Hall. 
Attended Jackson County Public Schools; University of North 
Carolina; University of North Carolina Law School. LL.B., 1948. 
Farmer and lawyer. Confined to wheel chair since age fifteen. 
Member North Carolina Bar Association ; American Bar Associa- 
tion; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Elk's Club; Rotary Club. 
Member North Carolina Board of Water Commissioners. Presi- 
dent Jackson County Industries, Inc.; Secretary Jackson County 
Savings & Loan Association; Director Carolinas United for N. C. 
and S. C. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1955. Elected 
to Eighty-sixth Congress, November 4. 19 58. Methodist. Married 
Sarah McCollum of Bradenton, Florida. Three children: Anne, 
age 10; Allison, age 8; Hannah, age 4. Address: Sylva, N. C. 



Chief Justice Winborne 



Justice Denny 



Justice Paiker 



Justice Boliliitt 



Justice Higgins 



Justice Rodman 



Justice ;Mnore 




JUSTICES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA 
SUPREME COURT 

JOHN \VALI.A( K WlNliOKNK 

CHIEF JUSTICE 

John Wallace Winborne was born in Chowan County, N. C, 
July 12, 1884. Son of Dr. Robert H. and Annie F. (Parker) Win- 
borne. Attended Horner Military School, Oxford, 1900-1902; A.B., 
University of North Carolina, 1906; LL.D., University of North 
Carolina. 1946. Married twice: first to Charlie May Blanton. 
?tlarch 30, 1910 who died November 4, 1940. To them two chil- 
dren were born: daughter, Charlotte Blanton now Mrs. Charles M. 
Shaffer, Chapel Hill, N. C, and a son, John Wallace, Jr., of At- 
lanta, Ga. Second marriage to Mrs. Lalage Gates Rorison, June 
14. 1947. Taught, Bingham Military School, Asheville, N. C, 
1906-1907. Admitted to practice. North Carolina, 1906. Prac- 
ticed, Marion, N. C. after 1907. Member firm of Pless and Win- 
borne, 1907-1919; Pless, Winborne and Pless, 1919-1926; Pless, 
Winborne, Pless and Proctor, 19 26-19 27; Winborne and Proctor, 
1928-1937. Member of Board of Aldermen, 1913-1921; Attorney, 
Marion and McDowell County, 1918-1937; Member local Selective 
Service Board during World War I. Chairman Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee. McDowell County, 1910-1912; Member State 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1916-1937; Chairman, State 
Democratic Executive Committee, 193 2-193 7. Member Local Gov- 
ernment Commission of North Carolina, 1931-1933. Chairman 
N. C. Judicial Council. 1954. Delta Kappa Epsilon; Mason; Grand 
Master of Masons of North Carolina, 1931; Executive Club of 
Raleigh. Member North Carolina State Bar Association and Am- 
erican Bar Association; Fellow American Bar Foundation; mem- 
ber Judicature Society. Honorary member of North Carolina 
Society of the Cincinnati; honorary member Phi Delta Phi; Mar- 
ion Kiwanis Club (president, 1923). Appointed by Governor 
Hoey Associate Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina, July 1, 
1937; elected for a term of eight years in November, 1938; re- 
elected for a term of eight years in November, 1946: re-elected 
for a term of eight years in November, 19.54. Appointed Chief 

460 



Biographical Sketches 461 

Justice by Governor Luther H. Hodges, to fill vacancy in the of- 
fice, effective August 21, 1956; elected in November, 1956, to 
fill out term expiring December 31. 1958; re-elected November 4, 
1958 for a full eight year term. Home address: Marion, N. C. 
Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

EMEHV B. DENNY 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Emery Byrd Denny was born in Surry County, North Carolina, 
November 23. 189 2. Son of Rev. Gabriel and Sarah Delphina 
(Stone) Denny. Attended public schools of Surry County, Gilliam 
Academy, and University of North Carolina. Honorary degree of 
LL.D. conferred by the University of North Carolina in 1946 and 
by Wake Forest College in 194 7. Admitted to practice law, 1919, 
Member law firm of Denny & Gaston, 1919-1921, Mangum & Den- 
ny, 1921-1930, practiced alone 1930-1942. Attorney for Gaston 
County, 1927-1942, and North Carolina Railroad. 1937-1938; 
Mayor of Gastonia 1929-1937. Private, corporal, sergeant and 
master electrician in aviation section. Signal Corps, World War I. 
President, Gastonia Chamber of Commerce, 1925; Chairman, Gas- 
ton County Board of Elections, 19 24-1926; Chairman, Gaston 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1926-1928; Chairman, 
State Democratic Executive Committee, 1940-1942. President and 
Director Ranlo Manufacturing Company, 1936-1941; Trustee Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1941-1943; Chairman, Board of 
Trustees of Gaston County Public Library, 193 5-1942; Chairman, 
Board of Trustees of Garrison Memorial Hospital, 1934-1939; 
special counsel for the Governor during the General Assembly of 
1941. Member American Legion; Phi Delta Phi; Watauga Club; 
Holland Memorial Lodge No. 6 68, A. F. & A. M. ; Gastonia Chap- 
ter No. 6 6, Royal Arch Masons; Gastonia Commandery No. 28 
Knights Templar and St. Titus Conclave No. 7 2', Red Cross of 
Constantine. Baptist. Chairman, Judicial Council. Trustee, North 
Carolina Baptist Hospital, Winston-Salem, N. C. Trustee and 
member of Executive Committee of the Southeastern Baptist 
Theological Seminary, Wake Forest, N. C. Appointed Associate 
Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina by Governor Broughton, 
February 3, 1942, to succeed the late Associate Justice Heriot 
Clarkson. Elected to fill out the unexpired term and for a full 



462 North Cakoi.ixa Mam ai. 

eight-year term, November 3, 1942; re-elected for a term of eight 
years November 7, 1950; re-elected for a term of eight years, 
November 4, 1958. Married Bessie Brandt Brown, Salisbury, N. 
C, December 27, 1922. Children, Emery B., Jr., Betty Brown, 
Sarah Catherine (now Mrs. Bailey P. Williamson of Raleigh), 
and .leane Stone (now Mrs. Wallace Ashley, Jr., of Smithfield, 
N. C). Address: Raleigh, N. C. Home address: Gastonia, N. C. 

ROBERT HUNT I'AKKKli 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Robert Hunt Parker, Democrat, was born in Enfield, N. C, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1892. Son of R. B. and Victoria C. (Hunt) Parker. At- 
tended Eniield Graded School, graduating in 1908; University of 
North Carolina, 1908-1911; University of Virginia, 1911-1912, 
B.A.; University of Virginia Law School, 1912-1915, LL.B.; Wake 
Forest Law School, summer of 1914; honorary LL.D., University 
of North Carolina, 1958. Field Artillery officer in World War I 
with nearly seventeen months of service in France. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly of 19 2:3. Solicitor for the State 
Third Judicial District, February 23, 19 24-September 2 4, 1932; 
Judge Superior Court, September 24, 193 2-November 2 5. 195 2', 
having been nominated and elected without opposition in 193 4, 
194 2 and 19 50. Nominated in Democratic Primary of 195 2 for 
Associate Justice of the N. C. Supreme Court and elected Novem- 
ber 4. 1952. assuming office November 25, 1952. Member Amer- 
ican Legion; 40 & 8; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Episcopalian. 
Married Mrs. Rie Williams Rand of Greensboro, N. C, November 
28, 1925. Home address: Roanoke Rapids, N. C. Official ad- 
dress: Raleigh, N .C. 

WILLIAM HAYWOOD BOBRITT 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

William Haywood Bobbitt, Democrat, was born in Ral-igh, N. C, 
October 18, 1900. Son of James Henry and Eliza May (Burkhead) 
Bobbitt. Attended graded schools of Baltimore, Mr.; Charlotte 
High School of Charlotte, N. C, 1913-1917: University of North 
Carolina, A.B., 1921; University of North Carolina School of Law, 
1920-1921. Licensed to practice law January 39, 1922; associated 



Biographical Sketches 463 

with firm of Stewart & McRae until September 1, 1922; member 
of firm of Parker, Stewart, McRae & Bobbitt from September 1, 
19 22 to October 1, 19 25; member of firm of Stewart, McRae & 
Bobbitt from October 1, 1925 to October 1, 1930; member of firm 
of Stewart & Bobbitt from October 1, 1930 through December 31, 
1938; admitted to practice in State Courts of North Carolina, 
United States District Court, United States Circuit Court of Ap- 
peals, Fourth Circuit, and the Supreme Court of the United States. 
Member Mecklenburg County Bar Association; North Carolina 
Bar Association; American Bar Association; American Judicature 
Society. Received honorary LL.D. degrees: Davidson College, 
1953, and University of North Carolina, 19 57. Member N. C. 
Commission to study Improvement of Administration of Justice 
in N. C, 1947-1949; N. C. Judicial Council, 1949-1954; Past 
President and life member of Charlotte Civitan Club, Trustee of 
Brevard College, 1933-1952; President, General Alumi Associa- 
tion, University of North Carolina, 19 54-1955. Elected resident 
Superior Court Judge of the 14th Judicial District in 1938 and 
again in 19 46; served as Superior Court Judge continuously from 
January 1, 193 9 through January, 19 54; appointed by Governor 
William B. Umstead as Associate Justice, North Carolina Supreme 
Court, February 1, 1954, and served under such appointment until 
195 4 General Election; elected without opposition in 1954 Gen- 
eral Election to unexpired portion of term of former Associate 
Justice Barnhill and for full eight-year term beginning January 
1, 1955. Member Dilworth Methodist Church, Charlotte, N. C. 
Married Sarah Buford Dunlap, February 28, 1924. Children: Mrs. 
John W. Carter, Morganton, N. C; Wm. H. Bobbitt, Jr., Charlot- 
te, N. C; Mrs. Ekkehart Sachtler, Forest Hills, N. Y.; Mrs. D. S. 
Moss, Enfield, N. C. Home address: Charlotte, N. C. Official ad- 
dress: Raleigh, N. C. 

CARLISLE WALLACE HIGGINS 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Carlisle Wallace Higgins, Democrat, was born at Eunice, N. C, 
October 17. 1S89. Son of Martin A. and Jennie C. (Bledsoe) Hig- 
gins. Attended Bridle Creek Academy, Independence, Va., 190 5- 
1908; University of North Carolina, A.B., 1912; University of 
North Carolina Law School, 1913-1914. IMember North Carolina 



4tjl Noinu Cakou.na Manual 

Har Association; Forsyth County Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar. Solicitor, Eleventh Judicial District, 1930-1934; 
United States Attorney, Middle District of North Carolina, 1934- 
1947; Assistant Chief and Acting Chief International Prosecution 
Section, International Military Tribunal, Tokyo, 194 5-19 4 7. Re- 
presentative from Alleghany County in the General Assembly of 
1925 and State Senator from the Twenty-ninth Senatorial District 
in the General Assembly of 19 29. Appointed Associate Justice 
Supreme Court of North Carolina by Governor Umstead, June 8, 
1954 to succeed Sam J. Ervin. Jr. Re-elected to full eight year 
term ending Dec. 31, 19 66. Member Masonic Lodge; American 
Legion; Forty and Eight. Methodist. Married Myrtle Bryant. 
Children: C. W. Higgins, Jr., Galax, Virginia; Mrs. Mary Cecile 
Bridges, Greensboro. N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM BLOUNT RODMAN 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

William Blount Rodman, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C, July 2. 1889. Son of Col. William Blount Rodman and 
Addie (Fulford) Rodman. Attended Horner's Military Academy; 
Oak Ridge Institute; A.B., University of North Carolina, 1910; 
University of North Carolina Law School. Licensed to practice, 
1911. Member law firm Small, MacLean, Bragaw and Rodman and 
subsequently of Rodman and Rodman. President of the North 
Carolina State Bar, 1941. Lieutenant U. S. Navy (R) duration of 
World War I. Mayor of Washington, N. C, 1919-19 20. State 
Senator from the Second Senatorial District, 1937 and 1939. Rep- 
resentative from Beaufort County in the General Assembly of 
1951, 1953 and 1955. Appointed Attorney General of N. C, July 
1955. Appointed Associate Justice N. C. Supreme Court, August 
1956 for term ending December 31, 1962. Married Helen Farnell, 
August 17, 1918. Five children: Commander William Blount 
Rodman 4th. U. S. Navy; Mary Helen, wife of Commander John 
C. Hill 2nd, U. S. Navy; Marcia, wife of Major George E. Law- 
rence, U.S.M.C.; twin sons, George Farnell Rodman, Foreign Ser- 
vice, U. S. State Dept., and Edward Newton Rodman, lawyer, 
Washington, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. Home address: 
Washington, N. C. 



BioGKAPiiKAL Sketches 465 

CLIFTON LEOXAKD MOOKE 

associatp: justice 

Clifton Leonard Moore, Democrat, was born in Burgaw, N. C, 
September 28, 1900. Son of William David and Ida (Murray) 
Moore. Attended Burgaw Elementary and High School; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, A.B., 192'3. George Washington Univer- 
sity, LL.B., 1927. Member N. C. State Bar; N. C. Bar Associa- 
tion, Vice President; Eighth Judicial District Bar, Past President; 
Phi Delti Phi; Order of the Coif; Masonic Order. President Cape 
Fear Area Council, Boy Scouts of America, 1950 and 1951; Silver 
Beaver Award (Boy Scouts of America). Chairman Democratic 
Executive Committee for Pender County, 19 28-1938; County At- 
torney, 1932-1943; Judge Pender County Recorder's Court, 1932- 
1936; District Solicitor, Eighth District, 1943-1954; Judge Super- 
ior Court, Fifth District, 1954-1959. Appointed Associate Justice 
North Carolina Supreme Court by Governor Luther H. Hodges on 
February 2, 1959 to succeeu Jefferson D. Johnson, retired, for 
term ending December 31, 19 60. Methodist; Steward for past 
twenty years; District Steward; Trustee; District Trustee; As- 
sociate District Lay Leader. Married Hazel Swinson, July 11, 
1934. Children: Clifton L. Moore, Jr., and Mary Hazel Moore. 
Address: Burgaw, N. C. 



LutluT Kimsl ItMrnliiii'dt 

President of the Senate 



Alfdiil of .Na.sh 

Andrews of Chiithaiii 
Kason (if Casuell 



Bell of .MeeklenliuiK 
Blackburn of Vaiiee 
Canlpe of Mitcliell 



Cooke of (laston 

Copeland of Heilford 
Crew of Halifax 



Currie of Duiliaiii 
Currie of Moore 
Davis of Forsyth 



Duncan of Alletihany 
Folger of Surry 

Forsyth of Cherokee 




MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

SENATORS 

LUTHER ERNEST EARNHARDT 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR AND PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE 

Luther Ernest Earnhardt, Democrat, was born at Concord, N. 
C, November 29, 1903. Son of George Thomas and Lillie Virginia 
(Faggart) Earnhardt. Graduated from Concord High School, 
May, 1921; LL.E. Wake Forest College, May, 1925. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber Cabarrus County Ear Association, President, 1942; member 
State Ear and American Bar Associations. Chairman Cabarrus 
County Board of Elections, 1933-1944. Pi Kappa Alpha National 
Fraternity (Wake Forest College); Charter member Golden 
Bough, Wake Forest College; Omicron Delta Kappa, Beta Alpha 
Circle, National Honor Society, Wake Forest College; Secretary 
Student Body, Wake Forest College. Member Rotary Internation- 
al. Trustee Concord Community Center, 1940-1941; Trustee Pub- 
lic Library, 1943-1949. Member General Statutes Commission, 
1945-19 53; Director Concord Chamber of Commerce, 1949-19 51; 
National Counsellor, U. S. Chamber of Commerce, 1947-1950; 
Past Vice-President and Director Concord Community Boys' Club, 
Inc. State Senator in the General Assembly, 1945, 1947, 1949, 
1951, 1953 and 1955; President, 1955. Methodist; Member Board 
of Stewards; Teacher Adult Bible Class. Married Burvelle Mc- 
Farland, June 3, 1930. Four children: Luther Ernest, Jr.; Mrs. 
Phoebe Jean Satterwhite; John McFarland; Ann Drucilla. One 
grandson, Luther, III. Address: Concord, N. C. 

DALLAS L. ALFORD, JR. 

(Si.vth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators). 

Dallas L. Alford, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Durham, N. C. Son of Dallas Lloyd 
Alford, Sr., and Sally Kate (Pope) Alford. Attended Durham 
High School; Duke University, 1931. Realtor. Owner and opera- 
tor of Alford Insurance & Realty Company; President Munn- 

467 



46S NoitiH Cauoi.i.na Mamal 

Griffin & Co., Inc. Past President Rocky Mount Realtors Associa- 
tion and Rocky Mount Mutual Insurance Agents Association. 
INIember Board of Aldermen, City of Rocky Mount, 19::!9-1942; 
Nash County Board of Commissioners, 1948-1958, Chairman, 
1952-1958; Chairman Nash County Board of Health, 1952-1958. 
Member Commission for the Study of Revenue Structure of the 
State, 1957-1958; Lodge 1038, B.P.O.E.; 40 and 8; Kiwanis 
Club; Ben venue Country Club, Rocky Mount, N. C; Delta Sigma 
Phi Social Fraternity. Lt. Commander U. S. Navy, 1942-1946. 
Past President North Carolina Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
Rocky Mount Junior Chamber of Commerce and North Carolina 
County Commissioners Association; Director Citizens Savings & 
Loan Association, Rocky Mount, N. C. and Rocky Mount Chamber 
of Commerce. Chairman Twin County Law Enforcement Executive 
Committee; Commander American Legion, 1948; Area Director 
International Apple Association, Inc. Methodist; member Official 
Board of First Methodist Church. Rocky Mount, N. C. 19.38-1958. 
Married Margarette Glenn Griffin, November 17, 1945. Children: 
Dallas L., Ill, Benjamin G., Margarette G., and Catherine Eliza- 
beth. Address: 100 Wildwood Avenue, Rocky Mount, N. C. 

IKE FKANKLIX ANDREWS 

(Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators. ) 

Ike Franklin Andrews, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth 
Senatorial District was born in Bonlee, Chatham County, N. C, 
September 2, 19 25. Son of Archie Franklin and Ina (Dunlap) 
Andrews. Attended Bonlee High School, 1931-1941; Fork Union 
Military Academy, Fork Union, Va., 1941-1942; Mars Hill Col- 
lege, 1942-1943; University of North Carolina, 1946-1952, B.S. 
and LL.B. degrees. Lawyer. Member North Carolina State Bar; 
North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association; Dis- 
trict Bar Association Executive Committee, 1958-1959. President 
Junior Chamber of Commerce; member Board of Directors, Siler 
City Chamber of Commerce; Board of Trustees and Executive 
Committee, Chatham Hospital; Executive Committee Occoneechee 
Council, Boy Scouts of America; Chairman, Chatham District, 
Boy Scouts of America; Chatham County Civil Defense; American 
Legion Oratorical Contest. Young Man of the Year, Siler City, 



Biographical Sketches 4fi9 

1958. Field Artillery Forward Observer, United States Army, 
1943-19 4 5, Master Sergeant. Awarded Bronze Star and Purple 
Heart. European Theater. World War II. Married Jo Anne John- 
son, September 13, 1947. Two daughters: Alice Cecelia Andrews 
and Nina Patricia Andrews. Address: Siler City, N. C. 

SAMUEL MlRrHEV BASOX 

(Fifteenth District^ — Counties: Caswell and Rockingham. One 
Senator. ) 

Samuel Murphey Bason, Democrat, Senator from the Fifteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Swepsonville, N. C, December 3, 
18 9 4. Son of William Henry and Flora Green (Murphey) Bason. 
Attended Burlington High School, 1915; Oak Ridge Military 
Academy, 1917; University of North Carolina. President, Bank 
of Yanceyville, Yanceyville, N. C. Owner, Caswell Insurance and 
Realty Company. President, Caswell Hardware and Implement 
Company. Member State Highway Commission, 1937-1941; North 
Carolina Gasoline and Oil Inspection Board, 1942-1945; Board of 
Directors of North Carolina Railroad, 19 57-195 8. First President, 
Caswell County Chamber of Commerce, 19 2'6; member Yancey- 
ville Rotary Club, First President, 1937. Member, Caswell Brother- 
hood Lodge #11. A. F. & A. M., Master, 1925, 1927 and 1933. 
Volunteered for service in World War I in 1917; served twenty- 
two months, eleven of which were spent overseas; discharged 
with rank of Color Sergeant. Senator from the Fifteenth Sena- 
torial District. 1947 and 1953. Presbyterian; Chairman Board of 
Deacons, 1925-194 5; Superintendent of Sunday School, 193 5- 
1943. Married Martha E. Hatchett, October 18, 1921. Three chil- 
dren: Carolyn Elizabeth Bason, William Hatchett Bason and Mrs. 
John J. Burke. Address: Yanceyville, N. C. 

JESSE SrENCEH BELL 

(T\veii«i«'th District — County: Mecklenburg. One Senator.) 

Jesse Spencer Bell, Democrat. Senator from the Twentieth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Charlotte, N. C, April 1, 190 6. Son of 
James A. and Jessie M. (Spencer) Bell. Attended Charlotte Public 
Schools and Charlotte High School; Duke University, A.B., 19 27; 
Harvard Law School, 19 28-19 29; University of North Carolina 



470 XoKiii Cahom.na Manual 

Law School, LL.B., 1930. Lawyer. Member Mecklenburg County 
Bar Association; N. C. Bar Association, President, 1952-1^5'i; 
American Bar Association. Chairman Charlotte-Mecklenburg 
Planning Commission; President Social Planning Council. Select- 
ed by Charlotte News as Charlotte Man of the Year, 1955. Mem- 
ber Sigma Chi Fraternity. Served in World War II as Major in 
Field Artillery, 1941-1946. State Senator in the General Assembly 
of 1957. Methodist; member of Official Board, First Methodist 
Church of Charlotte, N. C. Married Katherine Castellet, May 8, 
19 53. Address: Route 1, Matthews, N. C. 

( HAKLES FHAXKIilN liLAC KHl KX 

(Third District — Counties: Northampton, Vance and Warren. 
One Senator. » 

Charles Franklin Blackburn, Democrat, Senator from the Third 
Senatorial District, was born in Cleveland, Tenn., April 30, 1925. 
Son of George Cline and Anne Rosson (Templeton) Blackburn. 
Attended Henderson High School, 193 8-194 2; Davidson College; 
University of North Carolina; Washington & Lee University Law 
School, LL.B., 1949. Lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Association; 
Vance County Bar Association; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity, 
Chapter President, 1948; Kappa Sigma, Chapter President, 19 48- 
1949. Author of '-Note on Damages", Washington & Lee Law 
Review, 1948. Solicitor Vance County Recorder's Court, 1950- 
1954. Aviation Cadet, U. S. Naval Air Corps, 1943-1945; present- 
ly Warrant Officer, JAG 30th Inf. Div. USARNG. Methodist; Lay 
Leader; member Board of Trustees, 1952. Married Thalia Jane 
Tillman, July 8, 1950. One son, Charles Franklin Blackburn, Jr. 
Address: 645 Lakeview Drive, Henderson, N. C. 

AIJJERT LEE CANIPE 

(Thirtieth District — Counties: Avery, Madison. Mitchell and 
Yancey. One Senator.) 

Albert Lee Canipe, Democrat. Senator from the Thirtieth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Toecane, N. C, January 2 2, 1916. 
Son of Burns M. and Verda (Patrick) Canipe. Attended Harris 
Elementary and High School, graduating in 1934. Vice President 
Mitchell Lumber Company and Manager Retail Lumber Depart- 



Bi()(;i!Ariii('Ai. Skktcuks 471 

ment. Spruce Pine, N. C. JMeiiiber Board of Aldermen, Spruce 
Pine. N. C, 1947-1949, 1952-1954, 1957. V. S. Navy. 1942-1945. 
Boatswain's Mate, 1st Class; five battle stars for D-Day invasions 
oi North Africa, Sicily. Salerno, Southern France and Okinawa. 
Member Lions Club, Past President; Veterans of Foreign Wars, 
Post Commander and District Commander; Woodmen of the 
World, Council Commander. Presbyterian; Secretary Board of 
Deacons since 1957. Married Charlene Green, July 16, 1955. Ad- 
dress; Spruce Pine, N. C. 

FKAXK I'ATTOX ( OOKE 

'TwtMity-Sixih District — County: Gaston. One Senator.) 

Frank Patton Cooke, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-Sixth 
Senatorial District, was born in Floyd County, Georgia. January 
17. 1921. Son of Caric Moore and Florence Hearn Cookt. Attend- 
ed Cramerton High School, 19o4-1938; Emory University. 1939; 
Uiiiversity of Georgia Extension in Atlanta, 1940-1943, BCS de- 
gree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1946-1948, LL.B. 
degree. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; North 
Carolina State Bar Association; Gaston County Bar Association. 
President; Alpha Kappa Psi; Phi Alpha Delta; Sigma Pi. Served 
as Sergeant United States Army Air Force, 1943-1946. State Sen- 
ator in General Assembly of 1955 and 1957. Member First Pres- 
byterian Church of Gastonia; Member Board of Deacons First 
Presbyterian Church of Gastonia; former Chairman Hoard of 
Deacons of Cramerton Presbyterian Church. Married Dorothy 
Irene Carlton. April 6. 1940. One son, three daughters. Address: 
200 S Country Club Road, Gastonia, N. C. 

JAMES WILLIAM ( OPKLAM) 

(First l)i-(ri<t — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck. 
Gates. Hertford. Pasquotank, and Perciuimans. Two Senators.) 

James William Copeland, Democrat, Senator from the First 
Senatorial District, was born in Woodland, N. C, June 16, 1914. 
Son of L. C. and Nora L. (Benthall) Copeland. Attended Wood- 
land-Olney High School, graduating in 1930. Guilford College, 
A.B. degree. 1934; University of North Carolina Law School. 
J.D. de,gree, 1937. Lawyer and farmer. Member of Hertford 



■172 XoKiii Cakoi.i.n A AIam Ai, 

County I5ar Association; Nortli Carolina Bar Association: The 
American Judicature Society; Member of Council, N. C. State 
Bar, Inc.. 1955-1957. :\Iurfreesboro Rotary Club; Amecican Leg- 
ion; V.F.W. ; Mayor of Woodland, 1940-1942. Chairman of 
Northanii)t()n Couniy Board of Elections, 1939-1942. Mayor of 
Murfreesboro. 1947-1950. Chairman of Hertford County Board 
of Elections, 1946-1949. Member American George Lodge No. 17, 
A. F. & A. M., Murfreesboro, N. C; Sudan Temple, A.A.O.N.M.S, 
New Bern, N. C. Assistant Editor, North Carolina Law Review, 
1936-1937. Delegate to 1956 Democratic National Convention. 
Lieutenant, U. S. Navy, 1942-194 6. State Senator in General As- 
sembly of 1951, 1953 and 19 57. Methodist. Married Nancy Hall 
Sawyer, October 11, 1941. Two children: Emily Robbiuson Cope- 
land, age 13, James William Copeland, Jr., age 7. Address: Mur- 
freesboro, N. C. 



Wn^LIAM LUASFOKD CREW 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two 
Senators.) 

William Lunsford Crew, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Northampton County, October 
29, 1917. Son of James Winfield, Sr., and Texas A. (Stanley) 
Crew. Attended Pleasant Hill Grammar School, 19 23-1930; Roa- 
noke Rapids High School, 1930-193 4; University of North Caro- 
lina, A.B., 1938; I^niversity of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 
1941. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association and North 
Carolina Bar Association. Organizer, Director and Attorney for 
First Federal Savings and Loan Association of Roanoke Rapids. 
^Member of N. C. Education Advisory Committee. ?>Iember Phi 
Gamma Delta, Secretary, 19 38; Civic ^iusic Club: Roanoke Rapids 
Chamber of Commerce; Roanoke Rapids Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce, President, 1949; Roanoke Rapids Exchange Club, Presi- 
dent, 19 48-19 49 and at present District Governor; American Leg- 
ion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Roanoke Rapids Civic Music As- 
sociation, President; Roanoke Rapids Executive Club. Lieutenant 
(.j.g.) United States Navy from July 1943 to April, 1946. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1953, 1955 and 1957. Metho- 
dist; Sunday School Teacher, 1947-19 5 2. Married Nancy Trotter 
Horney, November 14, 1940. Children: William Lunsford Crew, 



Biodit.vpiiicAi. Sketches 473 

Jr., age 10, Nancy Alexander Crew, age 16. Address: Roanoke 
Rapids. X. C. 

CI^AIDE CL'KKIE 

{Fourteenth Di.strict^ — Counties: Durham, Granville and Per- 
son. Two Senators.) 

Claude Currie, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Candor, Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 8, 18 90. Son of John C. and Louise (McKinnon) Currie. 
Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1911-1914; University of 
North Carolina, A.B. and LL.B., 19 2'6. President Security Savings 
and Loan Association. State Senator, Eighteenth Senatorial Dis- 
trict. 19 27; Fourteenth Senatorial District 1945, 1947, 1949, 
1953, 1955 and 1957. United States Army Air Corps, 1917-1919; 
Pursuit Observer, Sgt. Presbyterian. Address: Durham, N. C. 

AVILBUR HOKK CI RRIE 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

"Wilbur Hoke Currie, Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Carthage, N. C, October 6, 1896. Son 
of John Lauchlin and Mary Belle (Mclver) Currie. Attended 
Carthage Schools; High School, 1914; University of North Caro- 
lina. 1915-1916. Manager J. L. Currie Co.; President and Trea- 
surer Currie Mills; Commissioner, Town of Carthage, 1922-1926; 
Mayor, 1920-1930; Chairman, Moore County Board of Commis- 
sioners, 1930-1942. Trustee, University of North Carolina, Flora 
McDonald College and Consolidated Presbyterian College. Joined 
Naval Reserves 1918, not called. Member Phi Kappa Phi; Mason. 
Shriner. Senator from the Twelfth Senatorial District in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1943, 1947, and Extra Session of 1956. Repre- 
sentative from Moore County in the General Assembly of 194 5. 
Presbyterian; Elder; Sunday School Superintendent for twenty- 
two years. Married Elizabeth Woltz, 1926, deceased August 25th. 
1943. Five children: Mary Elizabeth, Katherine Mclver, Ann 
Woltz, Ruth Douglas and John Lauchlin. Married Mrs. Margaret 
Willcox, December 28, 19 45. Three children: Tommy, Margaret 
Lyni! and Wilbur Hoke, Jr. Address: Carthage, N. C. 



■174 NiiKiii ("akoi.i.n A AIamai, 

AHCINK KI.MIii;<)r(<iH l).\\ IS 

( 'l"\\<-ii(>-s<(()ii(| Misdict — County: Forsyth. One Senator. ) 

Art'liie J\inil)i-ous;li Davis, Democrat, Senator from the Tweuty- 
seconrl Senatorial District, was l)()rn in Winston-Salem. X. C, 
January 2 2. 1911. Son of Dr. Thomas W. and Frances (Conrad) 
Davis. Attended Woodberry Forest School. 1925-1929; University 
of North Carolina, 1932, A.B. degree; Graduate School of Bank- 
ing, Rutgers I'niversity, 19 4u. Hanker. Chairman of the Board, 
AVachovia Bank and Trust Company; Executive Committee, .\. C. 
Citizens Association; Past President, State Bank Division. Am- 
erican Bankers Associatioii; Vice President and Director, V. S. 
Chamber of Commerce, Chairman of its Finance Committee and 
member of its Agricultural Committee; former Director and Vice 
President Winston-Salem Chamber of Commerce; First President, 
Northwest North Carolina Development Association and Chairman 
Board of Directors; Chairman, University of North Carolina Alum- 
ni Annual Giving Council. Member Rotary Club of Winston-Salem; 
Phi Beta Kappa. President Rotary Club, 195S-1959. Lay histor- 
ian of Civil War and author of "The Southern Situation by a 
Southern Sympathizer." Former Chairman Agricultn.-al Exten- 
ision Service Advisory Committee, N. C. State College. Former 
member Commerce and Industry Committee, N. C. Department 
of Conservation and Development. Member Home Moravian 
Church, Winston-Salem; Trustee. Married Mary Louise Haywood, 
May 12, 19.3S. Three sons: Archie H., John Haywood, Thomas 
Whitmell, HI. One daughter, Louise Bahnson. x^ddress: ::-^i:'3 
Forest Drive, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

El) WIN 1)1 N< A\ 

( Twciity-ninlli District — Counties : Alleghany, Ashe and Wa- 
tauga. One Senator.) 

Udwin Duncan, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-ninth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Sparta, N. C, June 25, 1905. Son of 
David Crockett and Delia (W^oodruff) Duncan. Attended Glade 
Valley High School; I'niversity of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 
1925. Banker. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1953. 
]\Iember State Banking Commission, 1954-1958. Married Bessie 
Lee Wellborn. Two children. Address: Sparta, N. C. 



liroci! AiiiK Ai. Skktciiks 475 



FUKI) I()L(;KK 



( 1x1 tiit.v-tliir<l Di.strift — Counties: Stokes and Surry. One 
Se)iator. ) 

Fred Folger, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-lliird Sena- 
torial District, was born at Dobson, N. C, Septem-ber 12. 1900. 
Son of John Hamlin and Maud L. (Douglas) Folger. Attended 
Mount Airy School. 1906-1918; University of North Carolina. 
1918-1919: Trinity College, 1919-1923. Lawyer. Member Surry 
County Har Association; N. C. and American Bar Associations. 
Member Ancient Free and Accepted ]\iasons. State Senator in the 
General Assembly of 1935 and 1939. Private in S. A. T. C. Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, September through December, 1918. 
:\Iethodist. Married Mary Mills Faucett, September 8, 1925. (now 
deceased). Children: Fred Folger, Jr., and Mrs. Barbara Folger 
Chatham. Address: 1015 N. Main Street, Mount Airy, N. C. 

\VII.I.IA>I I IJA.NK FOHSVTH 

( 'riiii'ty-diiiil district — Counties: Cherokee, Clay, Graham, 
Macon and Swain. One Senator.) 

William Frank Forvyth, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty- 
third District, was l)orn in Andrews, N. C, July 21, 1915. Son of 
William Thomas and Xena (Bristol) Forsyth. Attended Andrews 
Public Schools, graduating in 1932; Mount Pleasant Collegiate 
Institute, 1933-1934; Emory and Henry College, Emory, Virginia; 
The Executive Program, University of North Carolina; four sum- 
mer sessions North Carolina Bankers Conference, University of 
North Carolina; School of Banking m the Graduate School, Rut- 
gers University. Banker. Executive Vice President Citizens Bank 
& Trust Company of Murphy, Andrews, Hayesville and Robbins- 
ville. Author of "A Banker Looks at the Forests of North Caro- 
lina." C'hairman Group Ten, North Carolina Bankers Associa- 
tion, 1958; Chairman Board of Trustees, Murphy Carnegie Li- 
brary, 1940-1954; Chairman City of Murphy Electrical Power 
System; Past President Murphy Lions Club; former Chairman 
Cherokee County Democratic Executive Committee and Chero- 
kee County Infantile Paralysis Committee; Chairman (Hierokee 
County Better School Committee. Mason. Methodist; member 
Board of Trustees and iMen's" Bible Class, First Methodist Church. 



Friiili of Biuuswick 
Garrison of Lincoln 
Garriss of Montgomery 



Ilamiltoii of Carteret 
Hancock of Granville 
Hcnkel (if Iredell 



Humber of Pitt 
Jolly of Franklin 
.Tordaii of Wake 



Kesler of Rowan 

Kirkman of Guilford 
Lackey of Alexander 



Lanier of Orange 
Medford of Haywood 
Mercer of Duplin 



ilonroe of Richmond 

Moore of Robeson 
:Morgan of Cleveland 




BiodKAi'iiicAr. Skktciies 477 

Alurphy, N. C. Married Ruth Lail in 1938. Children: William 
Frank, Jr., age 12 and Robert Ashley, age 3. Address: Murphy, 

N. C. 

SAMUEL B. FlilXK 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen. Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Samuel B. Frink, Deniorrat, Senator trom the Tenth Senatorial 
District, was born at Shallotte, N. C, October 2, 18 09. Son of 
D. S. and Martha Gore Frink. Attended Brunswick County 
Schools; Motte Business College, Wilmington. Lawyer. Studied 
law for four years under Professor Lockhai't at Duke University 
as a special student and in law office, and licensed January 2 6, 
1931. Clerk Superior Court Brunswick County, 1930-1934. Ser- 
ved in U. S. Navy during World War I, enlisting May 1, 1917. 
Commissioned Lt. (jg.) United States Coast Guard during World 
War II. Reported for active duty May 28, 1942, and served con- 
tinuously until September 3, 1945. Discharged as Lt. Senior 
Grade. Active in American Legion, 4 & 8, and Reserve Officers 
Association. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1935, 1939 
and 1951. County Attorney for Brunswick County, 193 6-1942, 
19 52-__. Member State Ports Authority from July, 1945 until 
January, 1949. Episcopalian; member of Vestry. Married Mar- 
guerite Weathers Brown, November 9, 19 50. Two children by 
former marriage: Malcolm S. Frink and Mrs. Marion Frink 
Adams. Address: Southport, N. C. 

WIIJ.IAM EARNEST GAKKISON 

(Twcnty-Fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lin- 
coln. Two Senators.) 

William Earnest Garrison, Democrat. Senator from the Twenty- 
fifth Senatorial District, was born in Lincoln County, March 2, 
1892. Son of William L. and Docia (Clanton) Garrison. Attended 
l)ublic schools of Gaston and Lincoln Counties. General building 
contractor and president of Windy Hill Beach, Inc. Also conducts 
real estate and rental business. Member General Contractors As- 
sociation. Received Master Bulkier Honorary Plaque presented by 



478 Noirni (\\i;iiii\\ Mwi ai. 

Fii-bt P.aittist Cliurch in l!ir,l. (Mty aldeiiiiau tt)r four years; 
Chainiiaii Lincoln County Hoard of Commissioners for seven 
years; served on Nominatins; Committee and Executive Committee 
of State Association of Countj Commissioners. Member Deacon 
Clul) of Wake Forest College; Councilor for Boy Scouts; Past 
President of Goodfellows Club. lias directed Bond, Health Wel- 
fare. Recreation and other drives. Served special appointments 
under Governor Broughton and Governor Cherry. Coordinator of 
Civil Defense throughout World War II; appointed by Governor 
Broughton to Labor Mobilization Board; appointed Liaison Of- 
ficer under Col. William Prichard, Fort Bragg, N. C. Member 
Knights of Pythias; Eastern Star; Mason and Shriner. State Sen- 
ator in the General Assembly of 1955 and Extra Session of 1956. 
Baptist; Sunday School Superintendent; Teacher; Chairman 
Board of Deacons; Treasurer; Trustee; Director of Training 
Union; formerly Vice Moderator and member of Executive Com- 
mittee of Soutli Fork Association. Married Malvena Hovis Gar- 
rison, April 8, 1917. Children: Dr. Robert L. Garrison, William 
E. Garrison, Jr., David Ray Garrison, Mrs. Evelyn Garrison Allen. 
Mrs. Bette Garrison Morris. Address: Lincolnton, N. C. 



GAKIiAM) S. GAHUISS 

( Eif>li«ecnlh District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Garland S. Garriss, Democrat, Senator from the Eighteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Margarettsville, Northampton 
County, N. C. Son of Walter and Mamie (Smith) Garriss. At- 
tended the :\Iargarettsvillo Graded School. 1914-19 24; Seaboard 
High School, 1924-1925; Duke University, 1925-1927; Duke Uni- 
versity Law School, 19 27-193(t, LL.B. Lawyer. Member of the 
North Carolina Bar Association; President, :Montgomery County 
Bar Association. :\Iontgomery County Solicitor, 1933-1943; Coun- 
ty Attorney since 1946; Chairman, .Montgomery County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1942-1943. Member Troy Rotary 
Club, President 1939; American Legion. Corporal in the United 
States Army, October 1943-Oetober 1945. State Senator in the 
General Assembly of 1947. Methodist; Board of Trustees, 1934- 
1946; Church Lay Leader; Married Ida Street, .luly 19, 1939. 
One daughter: Judith Anne Garriss. Address: Trov, N. C. 



I'.KK.KAIMI KAl. SkKTCIIKS 479 

lA THEH HAMU/rON 

(Sc'vriitli District — Cuuuties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow, Two Senators.) 

Luther Hamilton, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh Sena- 
torial District, was horn in Atlantic, N. C, Fehruary 20, 1894. 
Sou of Samuel E. and Rebecca F. Hamilton. Attende:! Atlantic 
High School ,19.]S-1910; Oak Ridge Institute, 1910-1911; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1911-1915. Lawyer. Member Delta Theta 
I'lii; Masonic Ocean Lodge No. 405; Sudan Temple A. A. O.N. M.S. 
of New Bern. Mayor Morehead City, 1925-1929; County Attorney, 
1921-19:57; State Senator in Regular and Special Session of 1921 
and Regular Session of 1957. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 19:;i and 1933; Judge Superior Court, 1937-1951. Serv- 
ed in World War I as Second Lieutenant with 3 4th Infantry and 
21st Machine Gun Battalion, 1917-1919 with overseas duty from 
August 1918 to June 1919. Methodist; Member of Official Board 
since 1917; Teacher of Men's Bible Class since 1917. Married 
Marie Long, July G, 1918. Children: Luther Hamilton, Jr., and 
Mrs. Laurence H. Vickers of Durham, N. C. Address: Morehead 
Citv, N. C. 



FKANKLIN W 1L1>S HAX(0( K, III 

( Foiii-t('«'ii(li District — Counties: Durham, Granvill" and Per- 
son. Two Senators.) 

Franklin Wills Hancock, III, Democrat, Senator from the Four- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Oxford, N. C, June 1, 1918. 
Son of Frank. Jr., and Lucy (Landis) Hancock. Attended Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1939; B.S. degree in Commerce, North- 
western University. Real estate dealer and farmer. IMember of 
American Legion; Phi Beta Kappa; Beta Gamma Sigma. Captain. 
U. S. Army, February 194 2-March 194G. North Carolina National 
Guard, 3 0th Inf. Div. Representative in the General Assembly of 
19 47; State Senator in the General Assembly of 1951 and 1955. 
Baptist. Married Mary Kathryn Foerster, October 6, 1945. One 
son: Franklin Wills Hancock, IV; three daughters: Mary Helen 
Hancock, Lucy Osborn Hancock, Patricia Peyton Hancock. Ad- 
dress: 103 West Front Street, Oxford, N. C. 



480 NoKTu Cakdi.ina Mam al 

COL,U3im S VANCE HEMvEL 

(Tweuty-flfth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lin- 
coln. Two Senators.) 

Columbus Vance Henkel, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
fifth Senatorial District, was born in Statesville, N. C, September 
16, 1908. Son of Columbus Vance and Lila (Dunavant) Henkel. 
Attended Woodberry Forest School, Class of 1926; University of 
North Carolina, two years. Engaged in textiles and farming. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1953, 1955 and 1957. 
Episcopalian. Married Marguerite Nunan in 1944. Address: 
Turnersburg, N. C. 



ROBERT LEE HI MRER 

(Fiftli District — County: Pitt. One Senator.) 

Robert Lee Humber, Senator from the Fifth Senatorial District, 
was born in Greenville, N. C, May 30, 1898. Son of Robert Lee 
and Lena Clyde (Davis) Humber. Attended Greenville Graded 
Schools, 1905-13; graduated from Winterville High School, 1914; 
Wake Forest College, B.A., 1918 and LL.B., 1921; Oxford Uni- 
versity, Rhodes Scholar from North Carolina, B.Litt., 1923; Har- 
vard University, M.A., 1926; University of Paris; American Field 
Service Fellow, 19 26-28. Honorary degrees, Wake Forest College, 
LL.D., 1949, and University of North Carolina, LL.D., 1958. 
Member Phi Beta Kappa, Omicron Delta Kappa, Phi Delta Phi, 
Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternities. Lawyer. :\Iember North Carolina 
State Bar Association. Tutor in the Department of Government, 
History and Economics at Harvard University, 1919-20. Admitted 
to North Carolina Bar. 1920; lawyer and business executive in 
Paris, France, 1930-40. Awarded World Government News Medal 
for the most outstanding service by an individual to V^orld Fed- 
eration, 1948, and American War Dads Prize for the greatest 
single contribution to World Peace, 1948. Author of "The Decla- 
ration of the Federation of the World." Founded at Davis Island, 
North Carolina, December. 19 50, the Movement for World Federa- 
tion whose principles and objectives were embodied in a Resolu- 
tion, approving World Federation, that has been passed by sixteen 
State Legislatures of the United States. North Carolina was the 
first state in history to endorse World Federation. Represented 



BrcMM! AiMiKAi. SKi:r( iii:s 4S1 

Southern Council on International Relations at the San Francisco 
Coiiferenee, which forniulated United Nations Charter. Co-found- 
er of United World Federalists, 1947; served as its Vice President, 
1947-49, and member of its National Executive Council, 1947-49. 
Trustee of Meredith College, 1947-50; Trustee of Wake Forest 
College, member of its Executive Committee and Vice President 
of its Board; Vice President of Baptist State Convention, 1947; 
President of the North Carolina Literary and Historical Associa- 
tion, 19.5 0; Chairman of the North Carolina State Art Commis- 
sion since 1951; President of the North Carolina State Art Society 
since 1955; President of the Roanoke Island Historical Associa- 
tion; member of the Board of Directors of the North Carolina 
State Symphony; iiienil)er of the Tryon Palace Commission. Al- 
ternate delegate to the Democratic National Convention, 1956; 
Member of Pitt County Development Commission, 19 58. Second 
Lieutenant Field Artillery, World War I; member American 
I^egion and Rotary Club. Member INJemorial Baptist Church; 
formerly Chairman of its Board of Deacons and now Trustee. 
Married Lucie Bei'thier, October 16, 19 29. Two sons. Marcel 
Berthier and John Leslie. Address: 117 West Fifth Street, Green- 
ville, N. C. 

WILBUR >I<)HT()\ JOLTiY 

(Sivtli District — Counties: Franklin, Xash and Wilson. Two 
Senators. ) 

Will)ur IMorton .Jolly, Democrat, Senator fi'om the Sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Ayden, N. C, .January 16, 1916. Son 
of William O. and Cornelia (Mumford) .Jolly. Attended Ayden 
Elementary and High School, 1922-19:53; Wake Forest College, 
B.S., 1937 and LL.B., 1941. Lawyer. Member Franklin County 
Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; American Bar As- 
sociation. Teacher Gatesville High School, 1937-1939; Town 
Commissioner, 19 55-19 56; Director, North Carolina Survival Plan 
Project Staff, 1957-1958; Shriner. Member American Legion. 
Commander, 1954; Voiture 1215, 40 & 8, Chef de Gare, 1956; 
Lions Club. Served in U. S. Army, 1942-1946, and U. S. Army 
Reserve, 1946-1958 with rank of Major. State Senator in the 
General Assembly of 1957. Baptist; Sunday School Teacher. Mar- 
ried Sybil King, May 25, 1940. Children: M. King .Tolly, age 5, 



45<2 N()i;i II Caiioi.i.na Mam ai. 

and Jane Elizabeth .lolly, age 1. Address; 710 North Alain Street, 
Lonishurs, N. C. 

.lOHN ItKHAItl) JOIIDAN, JH. 

(Tliirtcendi l)i.s*ri«'( — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators. ) 

.John Richard Jordan, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Thir- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Winton, N. C, January 16, 
1921. Son of John R., Sr., and Ina Love (Mitchell) Jordan. At- 
tended Winton Elementary School, 19 27-193 4; Ahoskie High 
School, 193 4-193 8; Chowan College, 1938; University of North 
Carolina, 193S-1942, A.B.; N. C. State College, summer 1942; 
Law School, University of North Carolina, 194.5-1948, LL.B. 
Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; North Carolina Bar 
Association; North Carolina State Bar; Wake County Bar Asso- 
ciation; Chairman Executive Committee of Wake County 
Bar Association, 1955; Member American Judicature Society. 
Awarded Distinguished Service Award as Raleigh's "Young Man 
of the Year", 1955; Phi Delta Phi Award for scholarship and 
leadership, 1948; named "Tar Heel of the Week" by News and 
Observer, 1955. Vice-Chairman, N. C. Reapportionment Commis- 
sion. 1955-1956; State President YDC, 1954-1955; Chairman of 
1956 Jefferson-Jackson Day Dinner; Secretary N. C. Stevenson 
for President Committee, 1956; Delegate to the 19 56 Democratic 
National Convention; Chairman of the Stevenson Campaign Din- 
ner, 1956; member Pi Kappa Alpha; Phi Delta Phi; Sphinx Club; 
Stag Club; Torch Club; Lions Club: Board of Directors of the 
Wake County Chapter of the American Red Cross; Board of Direc- 
tors of the Wake County Cancer Society; Chairman of the Resolu- 
tions Committee of the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce; Wake 
County Sponsor for the National Recreation Association; member 
N. C. Literary and Historical Association; Program Chairman 
Wake County Historical Society. Member Board of Editors "North 
Carolina Law Review", 1947-1948; Editor "Why the Democratic 
Party?", 1955; author of numerous newspaper and magazine 
articles and book reviews on politics and government. Member 
of the Staff of the Attorney General of N. C, 1948-1951. Baptist; 
Deacon; member Business Board; immediate Past President 
Men's Fellowship: Sunday School Teacher. Married Patricia 



BrociWArmcAi. Skkk iii:s 483 

Exum Weaver. June 18. 1949. One son. John Richard Jordan. 
Ill, and one daughter, Ellen Meai-es Jordan. Address: 2214 Dixie 
Trail, Raleigh. N. C. 

JOHN ( . KESLKll 

(T\V(Mity-nrst Distrirt — Counties: Cal)arrus and Ro*van. Two 

Senatoi's. ) 

John C. Kesler, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-Iirst Seira- 
torial District, was born in Rowan County, May 23, 1899. Son of 
G. C. and Fannie (Tddings) Kesler. Attended Spencer City School; 
A.B.. University of North Carolina, 1924; J.D., 1928. Lawyer. 
Member Rowan County Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar; North Carolina Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney 
Rowan County Court, 1937-1948; Judge, 1939-1940. Mason. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 194.5 and 1947. Metho- 
dist. Married Sudie Grace West, July 20, 1939. One child: Fran- 
ces Sue Kesler, born May 5, 1946. Address: Salisbury, N. C. 

OSCAR ARTHUR KlHK>rAX 

( Scveiiti'ciitli District — County: Guilford. One Senator.) 

Oscar Arthur Kirkman, Democrat, Senator from the Seven- 
teenth Seiiutorial District, was born in High Point, N. C, April 
16, 1900. Son of Oscar Arthur, Sr., and Lulu Blanche (Hammer) 
Kirkman. Attended Public Schools of High Point, graduating in 
1918; University of Virginia. B.S., 1923; University of Virginia, 
M.S., 1924; one year of law at the University of Virginia, 192'4- 
1925: two years of law, Oxford University (England) 1926-1928. 
Admitted to North Carolina Bar, 1929. Executive Vice-President 
and General Manager High Point, Thomasville & Denton Railroad 
Company of Pligh Point, N. C. President, Atlantic Savings and 
Locin Association, High Point, since 1937; Director Southern 
Furniture Exposition Building, High Point. Director, American 
Short Line Railroad Association, Washington, D. C, since 1930. 
Member Board of School Commissioners. High Point, 1932-1939; 
Guilford County Board of Public Welfare, 1938-1939; Board of 
Trustees of Winston-Salem Teachers College, three terms. Mem- 
ber Board of Trustees High Point Memorial Hospital; member 
Board of Trustees. North Carolina Sanatorium for Tri^atmont of 



■i!>'i XuiMJi Cai;oi,:.\a Ma.m al 

Tuberculosis; American Cancer Society, President, 1953-1954. 
Member Railway Industry Advisory Committee, National Pro- 
duction Authority. Saks Economic and Financial Mission to 
Chile, S. A., 1956. Mayor, City of High Point, 1939-1943; Coun- 
cilman, 19 45-December 27, 1948. Federal Operating Manager, 
railroads of Puerto Rico on special assignment from the Office 
of Emergency Management, 1943-1944. Teacher of Spanish, three 
years, University of Virginia; Business Law, High Point College, 
one year. Member of Elks; Masons; Woodmen of World; Royal 
Arcanum; Private U. S. Army, 1918; American Legion. Adjutant 
in the 20's; Alpha Kappa Psi Fraternity. National President, 
Alpha Kappa Psi (Commerce and Business Administration Frater- 
nity), Indianapolis, Indiana, 1929-193 3. Representative in the 
General Asspmbly of 194 9 and 1951. State Senator in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 195 3, 1955 and 1957. Methodist: member 
Board of Stewards. Married Katharine Morgan of Salisbury, N. 
C, March 10, 193 3. Children: Larkin, age 21; Carolina, age 19; 
John, age 17; Susan, age 10. Address: 501 West High Street, 
High Point, N. C. 



AMLLIAM RAY LACKEY, SR. 

(Tivcnty-eighth District — Counties: Alexander, Burke and Cald- 
well. One Senator.) 

AVilliam Ray Lackey, Sr., Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
eighth Senatorial District, was born in Alexander County, Decem- 
ber 20, 1925. Son of Earl J. and Bessie B. (Childers) Lackey. 
Attended Hiddenite High School; North Carolina State College; 
University of Tennessee. Administrator of the Alexander County 
Hospital; former Register of Deeds of Alexander County. Mem- 
ber Register of Deeds Association. Served as President Alexander 
Young Democrats for four years. Member Catawba Chapter No. 
60 Royal Arch Masons; Stony Point Lodge No. 593 A. F. & A. M.. 
Master, 1954; Stony Point Lions Club, President, 19 58; Stony 
Point Post No. 354 American Legion, Commander, 1956; Voiture 
Locale No. 915 Forty and Eight; Elks Lodge; Moose Lodge. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1955. Baptist. Mar- 
ried Modean C. Lackey, April 17, 1946. Children: Rebecca Jane 
Lackey and William Ray Lackey, Jr. Address: Stony Point. N. C. 



BiociUAi'iiicAL Sketches 485 

EDWIX SIDNKV LAMEIl 

(Sixteenth District — Counties: Alamance and Orange. One 
Senator.) 

Edwin Sidney Lanier, Democrat, Senator from the Sixteenth 
Senatorial District, was born near Metter, Georgia, July 19, 1901. 
Son of Richard and Hassie (Banks) Lanier. Attended Green Val- 
ley Rural School, RFD, Metter, Ga. ; State Normal Teachers 
School, Athens. Ga., 1917-1921; University of North Carolina, 
1921-1924, Class of 192'5; special student in University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1930-1934. Speaker of Philanthropic Liter- 
ary Society; Mary D. Wright Memorial Prize in Debate, Algernon 
Sidney Sullivan A\vard. Member Y.M.C.A.; Order of the Grail; 
Order of the Golden Fleece. Occupation is education (financial 
aids for students and students' records). Taught in Baptist Or- 
phanage High School, Thomasville, N. C, 1924-1930. Member 
Chapel Hill Rotary Club. Served three terms as Mayor of Chapel 
Hill, 1949-1951, 1951-1953, 1953-1955. Member Democratic Pre- 
cinct Committee; Chapel Hill Board of Alderman, 1945-19 49; 
Orange County Board of Commissioners, 19 54-195 6; Board of 
Trustees. Baptist Orphanage of North Carolina, 1945-19 4 9. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1957. Baptist; former Deacon 
and Superintendent of Sunday School. Married Nancy Thelma 
Herndon, Durham, N. C, November 29, 1934. Children: Nancy 
Helen, age 17, and Edwin Sidney, Jr., age 12. Address: 313 W. 
University Drive, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

WILLIAM MKDFOKl) 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son. Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

William Medford, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-second 
Senatorial District, was born in Bryson City, N. C, January 29, 
1909. Son of A. T. and Verna (Welch) Medford. Attended Bryson 
City High School, 1923-1927; University of North Carolina, A.B., 
1931; University of North Carolina Law School, 1930-1933, LL.B. 
Lawyer. Member of the North Carolina Bar Association, District 
Associations and American Bar Association ; Waynesville Rotary 
Club. Lieutenant Commander in the I'nited States Navy, 194 2- 
194 5. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1947, 1951 and 



486 XdiMii (" AKdi.i.N A .Mamai. 

1955. Baptist. Miirried Martha Mock, November 23. 1&4U. One 
son: James Allen Medford. Address: 427 North ;\Iain Street, 
Waynesville, N. C. 

(ii:Ai)v >ii:h< KM 

(Mntli District — Counties: Duplin, New Hanover, Fender and 
Sampson. Two Senators. ) 

Grady Mercer, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Senatorial 
District, was born in Beulaville, N. C, January 18, 1906. Son of 
Louis Albert and Frances (Grady) Mercer. Attended Beulaville 
Grammar School; Beulaville High School, 192.3-27; University of 
North Carolina. A.B. degree in education and LL.B. in law. Law- 
yer and farmer. Member Duplin County Bar Association and 
North Carolina Bar Association. President 4th Judicial District 
Bar, 1957; Secretary-Treasurer 4th Judicial District Bar, 1956; 
Solicitor General County Court, 1946-54, and now serv- 
ing second term as Judge of the General County Court of 
Duplin County. Secretary Town of Beulaville, 1945-50; Secre- 
tary Beulaville School Board for four years and Chairman for 
four years; Chairman Committee for the Celebration of the Presi- 
dent's Birthday in Duplin County, 1938; Chairman Duplin County 
Red Cross, 1958; Chairman Duplin County Easter Seal Drive, 
19 50; President of Young Democratic Club in Duplin County, 
1940-44. Member North Carolina Farm Bureau; Woodmen of the 
World; Eastern Star; Masonic Order and Shrine; Worthy Patron 
of Beulaville Chapter of the Eastern Star; Master of Beulaville 
Masonic Lodge, 1940; President of Duplin County Shrine Club, 
1958. Baptist. Married Mary Harriett Scarborough of Lancaster, 
S. C, September, 1934. Children: Ella Rose and Grady. Jr. Mail- 
ing address: Kenansville, N. C. Residence: Beulaville, N. C. 

ALE.VANDEH SIMMONS MONHOE 

(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Alexander Simmons Monroe. Democrat, Senator from the 
Eighteenth Senatorial District, was born in Troy, N. C, November 
19, 1893. Son of Calvin Spencer and Mary Simmons (Campbell) 
Monroe. Graduated from Rockingham High School in 1912 and 



BiiK^itAi'iiH Ai. Si<i:r( iii:.s 487 

Eastman Business College, Poughkeepsie, N .Y., in 1913. Textile 
executive for twenty-five years, now retired. Served cue year in 
France in World War I, 1918-1919, Sergeant 6th Division AEP. 
Alethodist. Address: 600 Fayetteville Road, Rockingham, N. C. 

1)1 liHlTZ < ITLAIt .AIOOKK 

(Klcvciith District — County: Roheson. One Senatoi-. ) 

Du Brutz Cutlar Moore, Democrat, Senator from the Eleventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Burgaw, N. C. August 6, 1895. 
Son of John Bailey and Serena Lee (Corbett) Moore. Attended 
Burgaw High School; University of North Carolina, 1913 and 
1914. Real estate dealer. Member North Carolina Association of 
Realtors; N. C. Democratic Executive Committee for six years. 
Secretary, 1934-19;}6. Chairman of N. C. Alcoholic Control Board, 
193 7-1941. Mason. Member Benevolent Protective Order of Elks; 
Veterans of P'oreigu Wars; American Legion. Private in V. S. 
Army. 1917-1919, serving in Europe as member of the Wilming- 
ton Light Infantry. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1953, 1955 and 1957. Presbyterian; Member Board of Deacons. 
Married Ruth Robeson Norment. June 28, 19 2'2. Children: Du 
Brutz Cutlar Moore, Jr., Mrs. Mary Moore Werner, Mrs. Ruth 
Norment Morgan. Address: Box 985, Luniberton, N. C. 

ItOBKHT lU HHEX M()K(;A\ 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Aloore and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Robert Burren .Morgan, Democi'at, Senator from the Twelfth 
Senatorial District, was born in Harnett County, October 5, 1925. 
Son of James Harvey and Alice (Butts) Morgan. Attended Lil- 
lin.gton High School, 1938-1942; East Carolina Teachers College. 
1946; Wake Forest Law School, LL.B., 1950. Lawyer. Member 
Harnett County Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; N. C. State Bar 
Association; Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity, Justice, 1950; Ma- 
sonic Lodge; Order of Eastern Star, Patron, 1951-1952; Rotary 
Club, Past President. Clerk Superior Court of Harnett County, 
1950-1954. Trustee, East Carolina College; President, East Caro- 
lina College Alumni, 1957-1959. Served as Lieutenant in V. S. 



Moit'Uii of llanittt 
Peel of Martin 
lJe;ivis of Yadkin 



Rose of Wajiio 
Koss of McDowell 
Kutlcdfre of Cabarrus 



.Slielton of Edt;ecoml)e 
Sitnpkins of Craven 

Stilceleaflier of Buncombe 



Thomas of L'nion 

Tliomason of Transylvania 
■\Varreu of Beaufort 



Wliitley of Johnston 
Williams of Stanly 

Willianison of Columbus 



Winslow of Perquimans 
Yow of New Hanover 
Byeriy — Principal Clerli 




BiocKArincAi. Skktches 489 

Navy, 1944-i;:»4G, 1952. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1955. Baptist; Sunday School Teacher; Deacon, 1951-1954. Ad- 
dress: Route 1, Lillington, N. C. 

llOUKHr FOSTER MORGAN 

(Twonty-soveiifli District — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell, and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Robert Foster Morgan, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
seventh Senatorial District, was born in Anderson County, South 
Carolina, .June 24, 1922. Son of O. Z. and Minnietta (Foster) 
Morgan. Attended Cleveland County Public Schools and Boiling 
Springs High School; Gardner- Webb College, A. A. degree, 1941; 
Yale University, 1943-194 4. Part owner of Morgan & Company, 
Inc., Shelby. Member N. C. Seedsmen Association National Cot- 
ton Council; Executive Committee N. C. Seedsmen Association; 
Past-President of Cleveland County Ginners Association. Member 
of Rotary Club and Director of Shelby Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce. Member of Shelby Lodge of Masonic Order. Enlisted as 
Private in Air Force, 1942, and discharged as Captain in 194 6. 
Member of Inactive Reserve Air Force at present. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 19 53, 1955 and 1957. Member Beaver 
Dam Baptist Church; Deacon; Teacher Young Men's Bible Class; 
Vice-President Brotherhood; Chairman Finance Committee. Mar- 
ried Ruth Normeni Moore of Lumberton, N. C, 1953. One daugh- 
ter. Address: Shelby, N. C. 

KLHKRT SIDXEV PEET., JR. 

(Sct'oiul District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, .Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Elbert Sidney Peel, Jr., Senator from the Second Senatorial 
District, was born in Williamston, N. C, February 14, 1922. Son 
of Elbert S. and Fannie M. (Manning) Peel. Attended Williams- 
ton Public Schools, graduating in 1939; Virginia Episcopal 
School, 1939-1940; University of North Carolina, A.B. in Eco- 
nomics, 1943; University of North Carolina Law School, 1946- 
49, LL.B. While at University was member of Phi Beta Kappa; 
Zeta Psi; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Golden Fleece; Order 
of Gimghouls. President Zeta Psi Fraternity. 19 43. Secretary- 



490 Noirrii Cakoitva Mamai. 

Treasurer Sludi'iit HocIn , rniversity ol' Xorth Carolina, 194;5-44. 
Lawyer. Memhei- Martin County Bar Association and North Caro- 
lina Bar Association. Now Martin County Attorney. President 
Martin County Y.D.C., 1956-57. Member Loyal Order of Moose; 
Kiwanis Club; President Willlamston Jaycees, 1954-55. Lieuten- 
ant (jg) U. S. Navy, 1943-46; Captain U. S. Army, 1951-53; pres- 
ently Captain in North Carolina National Guard. ^Member First 
Christian Church of Williamston. Married Lucia Claire Hutchin- 
son, February 2, 1957. One daughter, Lucia Claire. Address: 
"\^Mlliamston. N. C. 

( HA1{LKS a. IlKAX IS 

(T'.\(Mity-f(»iii'tli District — Counties: Davie, Wilkps and Yadkin. 
One Senator. ) 

Charles G. Reavis. Republican, Senator from the Twenty-fourth 
District, was born in Yadkin County, May 31, 18 92. Son of George 
W. and Lydia (Vanhoy) Reavis. Attended Yadkin County Public 
Schools, 1899-1910. Co-owner and President of Pioneer Chevro- 
let Co., Inc. of Yadkinville. Sheriff of Yadkin County, 1931-193 4. 
Member Junior Order United American Mechanics. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1953. Methodist; Trustee, 1947-1952; 
Supt. Sunday School. 1926-1930, 1944-1952; Steward, 1920-1944. 
Married Hatti'- B. Key, January 20, 19 20. Children: Thad Reavis, 
Mrs. Charles Dellinger, Clyde C. Reavis, Gray Reavis, ^Irs. Rich- 
ard Taylor and Charles G. Reavis. Jr. Address: Rt. 3 Yadkin- 
ville, N. C. 

I)A\ II) .IENM\(;S IJOSK 

(Kiylitli District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors. ) 

David Jennings Rose, Democrat, Senator from the Eighth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Wayne County, N. C, Se])lember 26, 
1896. Son of Joel L. and Mary Elizabeth (Stafford) Rose. Attend- 
ed Grantham Consolidated School of Wayne County; University of 
North Carolina, 1916-1920; Tulane University, 1920-1922, M.D.; 
University of Vienna, Austria. Surgeon (retired) and farmer. 
Fellow American College of Surgeons. Mason and Shriner. Mem- 
ber Sigma Nu and Theta Kappa Psi fraternities. INIember Golds- 



Bkk^kaimik Ai. Skktchks 491 

bovo City School Board for twelve years; President N. C. State 
School Board Association for two years; President National School 
Board Association for two years; Past President N. C. Camellia 
Society; Chairman Nense River Watershed Authority; Chairman 
Aycock Restoration Commission; Director Branch Banking and 
Trust Company for past 18 years; Director Citizens Building and 
Loan Associaiion 18 years; Recipient Silver Beaver and Silver 
Antelope in Scouting. Served in U. S. Navy during World War I. 
1917-1918. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1955 and 
1957. Member Christian Church. Married first time to Janet T. 
Conway in 19 25. Children: Conway Rose, David J. Rose, Jr., and 
]\Iar.iorie Rose Patrick. Married second time to Mary Elizabeth 
Farrior of Willard, N. C, in 1956. Address: 1402 B. Mulberry 
St.. Goldsboro, N. C. 

ERXEST \Vim.IAM ROSS 

(Twenty-seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, AIcDowell and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Ernest William Ross, Democrat, Senator from th" Twenty- 
seventh Senatorial District, was born in Marion, N. C, September 
5, 1913. Son of Elisha Joseph and Mary Etta (Cannon) Ross. 
Attended Marion High School. Wholesale oil dealer. Member 
North Carolina Oil Jobbers Association; McDowell County Board 
of Education, 19 55-59; Chairman Democratic Precinct No. 2. 
1950-54. Member Marion Rotary Club, President, 1950-51; Gov- 
ernor 280th District Rotary International, 1954-55. Methodist; 
member Official Board, 1948-19 58; Lay Leader i\Iarion District 
of ^Vestern North Carolina Conference since 19 57; Board of 
Higher Education W.N.C. Conference. Married Willard Long of 
Rutherfordton, N. C, April 1, 1934, Two children: Barbara 
Wilene and Nancy Diane Ross Address: Rutherford Road. Mar- 
ion, N. C. Mailing address: Box 1046, Marion, N. C. 

,1. CAHLVLE HITLEDGE 

1 rwcnty-Kirsj District — Counties: Cabarrus and Ro'van. Two 
Senators. ) 

J. Carlyle Rutledge, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-first 
Senatorial District, was born in Stanley, Gaston County, N. C,. 



492 NouTii Cakoi.i.na Manual 

December 28, 1909. Son of Joseph Graham and France^- Virginici 
(Moore) Rutledge. Graduated from Stanley High School, 19 27; 
Weaver College, 1930; A.B., University of North Carolina, 1932; 
LL.B., 1935. Lawyer. Past President of Cabarrus County Bar 
Association. Member North Cai'olina Bar Association. Co-owner 
of Kannapolis Real Estate Agency. President of Carolina Homes, 
Inc. President of Watkins' Building Materials Co. Former Judge 
of the Cabarrus County Domestic Relations-Juvenile Court. Mem- 
ber Board of Directors Cannon Memorial Young Men's Christian 
Association, Kannapolis, N. C, since 1937; Interstate Committee 
of the Y.M.C.A. of the Carolinas; International Committee of the 
Y.M.C.A. Past District Governor of Rotary International. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1943 and 19 45. State Sena- 
tor in the General Assembly of 195 7. Methodist. Married Judith 
Rea Kuykendal, April 23, 1938. Two daughters: Martha Rea 
Rutledge, born April 2, 1941 and Polly Virginia Rutledge, born 
July 11, 1949; one son, James Carlyle Rutledge, born Nov. 17, 
1944. Address: Kannapolis, N. C. 



HENRY (J HAY SHEI/POX 

(Foiirtli l)istri<'t — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sen- 
ators. ) 

Henry Gi'ay Shelton, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth Sena- 
tonal District, was born near Speed, N. C, November 14, 1906. 
Son of Ben,iamin F. and Annie Little (Thigpen) Shelton. Attend- 
ed Speed Grammar and High School, 1912-19 23; North Carolina 
State College, B.S., 1927. Farmer. President Edgecombe County 
Farm Bureau; President Edgecombe County Mutual Livestock 
Association; Past President Tarboro Kiwanis Club. Mason, Con- 
cord Lodge #58, Tarboro, N. C. Member Edgecombe County 
Board of Health, 1955-1957; Board of Trustees Edgecombe Gen- 
eral Hospital; Speed School Board, 1941-1957; State Highway 
Commission during Governor Scott's Administration. State Sena- 
tor in the General Assembly of 1957. Member Alpha Zeta. Episco- 
palian; Vestryman since 1937. Married Athlea Boone, December 
18, 1947. One daughter, Anne Boone Shelton, born December 3, 
195 6. Address: Speed, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 493 

JAMKS OSCAR SIMPKINS 

iSeveiitli District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

James Oscar Simpkins, Senator from the Seventh Senatorial 
District, was born in Wilmington, N. C, January 29, 1923. Son of 
James Melviu and Willie Mae (Fickling) Simpkins. Attended 
Springfield College. Springfield, Massachusetts; University of 
North Carolina. Retail jeweler. Member Retail Jewelers Associa- 
tion: X. C. Merchants Association; New Bern Chamber of Com- 
merce. Alderman City of New Bern, July 1, 19 57 through Febru- 
ary 1. 1959; State Director Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1954; 
President New Bern Civitan Culb, 1956-58; Lt. Governor N. C. 
District Civitan International, Zone 9, 1958; Assistant to the 
Governor (E) N. C. District Civitan International, 1957-58; Dis- 
trict Chairman Boys Home Committee, N. C. District Civitan In- 
ternational, 1958-59. Voted "Young Man of the Year", 1955, re- 
ceiving DSA. General Chairman Vehicle Safety Check Program. 
1955, when New Bern won "Top Honors" and the "Grand Award", 
competing with 400 cities in the United States; cited by National 
Safety Council for Outstanding Contribution to Highway Safety, 
1955, (Ten men in the United States are picked each year for 
this award). Member "Speaker Bureau", Governor's Traffic 
Safety Council. Member American Legion; Veterans of Foreign 
Wars; Civitan Club; Elks Club; 3 2nd degree Scottish Rite Mason; 
Shriner. Corporal and Air Cadet, September 1940 to September, 
1944. Member First Baptist Church, New Bern; Associate Super- 
intendent Intermediate Department of Sunday School, 1956; Chief 
Usher. 1956-58. Married Evelyn Christine Brewer, November 18, 
1944. Children: Cassandra, age 10, and Rosalind, age 3. Ad- 
dress: 713 Broad Street, New Bern, N. C. 

JAMES Gl DGER STIKELEATHKH, JR. 

(Tliirty-lirst District — County: Buncombe. One Senator.) 

James Gudger Stikeleather, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the 
Thirty-first Senatorial District, was born in Asheville, N. C, Sep- 
tember 8, 1911. Son of James Gudger and Nancy (Weaver) Stike- 
leather. Attended Asheville High School, 1925-19 29; University 
of North Carolina, B.S. in Commerce, 193 4. General insurance 



till NoiMii Cai;(ii,i.\a Mam ai. 

and real estate dealer. President, Carolina Federal Savings & 
Loan Association. Member Asheville Real Estate Board; Asheville 
Insuranc-e Agents Exchange, President, 1949-1950; Sigma Chi 
Fraternity. Entered U. S. Naval Reserve December, 1943; dis- 
charged as Lieutenant (j.g. ), March 1946. Representative from 
Hiincoinbe County in the General Assembly of 1955. State Sena- 
toi'. Extra Session of 1956 and Regular Session of 1957. Metho- 
dist; Ste\vai-d. Married Dorothy Kimberly, November 6, 1937. 
Children: Jane Stikeleather, age 20; Rebecca Stikeleather, age 
17; James G. Stikeleather. Ill, age 13. Address: 221 Kimberly 
Avenue, Asheville, N. C. 



JOE MAX THOMAS 

(Xinctcciifli District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators. ) 

Joe Max Thomas, Democrat, Senator from the Nineteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Marshville, N. C, July 9, 1915. Son 
of the late John W. and Lillian Maude (Hasty) Thomas. Attended 
Marshville High School, graduating in 1931; Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1932-1934; Wake Forest College Law School, 1934-1937. 
LL.B. Lawyer. Senior partner in Thomas and Griffin. Vice Presi- 
dent of R. A. Thomas Gas Company. Member Union County Bar 
Association; North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar, Inc., American Bar Association. Judge Union County 
Recorder's Court, 1948-1952. Member Marshville Lions Club, 
President, 1947-194 8; Floyd Staton Post No. 121, American Le- 
gion, Commander, 1957; Mason; Master Beaver Dam Lodge No. 
276, 1953; Shriner. Served in U. S. Army with rank of Staff 
Sergeant. 1942-1945. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1955. Baptist; Deacon; Sunday School Teacher for several years. 
Twice married: first to Myrtle Herron Glenn in April of 1940. 
who died in June of 1946; second to Vergie Emma Griffin, July 
6, 1947. Children: Kathryn Ann Thomas, born February 2, 1946; 
Rebecca Sue Thomas, born October 26, 1949; Kenneth Griffin 
Thomas, born November 23, 1951. Address: Marshville. North 
Carolina. 



Brxii: \rn i( \i. Skkk iii:s 4f)5 

I5K.\J.\MIN \V.\l/rKi: TII()M.\S<)\ 

(Thirty-vccoiKl Distrii-t — Counties: Haywood, H(Mulerson, Jack- 
son. Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

Benjamin Walter Thomason, Senator from tlie Thirty-second 
Senatorial District, was born in Greenville County, South Caro- 
lina. August 1.'). 18 9;;. Son of Benjamin Arnold and Emma 
(Leake) Thomason. Attended Furman Fitting School, 1915-1916; 
Fixrman University, A.B. degree, 1921; Southern Baptist Theo- 
logical Seminary, Master of Theology degree. Retired Baptist 
minister. Chief Petty Officer U. S. Navy, 1918; Lieutenant (Senior 
Grade), Chaplain IJ. S. Navy. 1942-1943. 32nd degree Mason. 
Pastor First Baptist Church, Brevard, N. C, for 18 years. Married 
Jaunette Martin, June 21, 1922. Three children. Address: Bre- 
vard, N. C. 



LINDSAY ( AllTKIt W AlIIiEX 

(StH'oiMl J)istrirt — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, ^lartin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators. ) 

Lindsay Carter Warren, Democrat, Senator from the Second 
Senatorial District, was born in Washington, N. C, December Ifi. 
1889. Son of Charles F. and Elizabeth Mutter (Blount) Warren. 
Attended Bingham School of Asheville, N. C, 1903-1906; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1906-1908; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1911-1912. Admitted to the bar in 1912. Chairman 
Beaufort County Democratic Executive Committee, 1912-1925; 
Trustee University of North Carolina, 1921-1925; Chairman 
Democratic Slate Convention, 1930 and 1934, and temporary 
Chaii-man and Keynoter, 1938; delegate to Democratic National 
Convention, 1932 and 1940. State Senator in the General Assem- 
bly cf 1917 and 1919, President pro tempore of Senate, 1919; 
Representative from Beaufort County in the General Assembly 
of 1923. Member of Congress from the First Congressional Dis- 
trict for fifteen years, from 1925 until he resigned on Octol)er 31. 
1940. to accept appointment as Comptroller General of the United 
States; served as Comptroller General 13% years, retiring on 
May 1, 1954 liecause of i)hysi(al disability. Address: Washing- 
ton, N. C. 



4!)() NoKTii Cakdii.na Manual 

ADAM JACKSON WHITl.KV, .Jl{. 

(Eighth DisOift — Cuuuties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors. ) 

Adam Jackson Whitley, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Eighth 
Senatorial District, was born in Johnston County, N. C. April 14, 
18 94. Son of Adam Jackson and Abigail (Casey) Whitley. At- 
tended Smithfield Grammar and High School, 1901-1914; N. C. 
State College, 1915-1917. Farmer. Member Junior Order; Ameri- 
can Legion, Commander of American Legion Post No. 132' of 
Smithfield, N. C. 1953-1954; Rotary Club, charter member when 
organized in 1944. Mason and Shriner. Member Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee, 1953-1954, Chairman, 1945-1947; Precinct 
Committeeman, 1939-1945. Member State Democratic Executive 
Committee since 1953. President, N. C. State College Agriculture 
Foundation, 1956; member Governor's Youth Service Commis- 
sion, 1955-5 6. Served as a Sergeant in World War I, 1917-1918. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955 
and 1957. Baptist; Deacon, 19 27-1948; Chairman, Board of Dea- 
cons, 1929-1952; Moderator of Johnston Baptist Association, 
1936-1954; member Religious Liberty Committee Baptist State 
Convention, 1957-19 58. Married Florence Elizabeth Lassiter, 
P^bruary 14, 1923. Three children: Adiim J. Whitley, III; Dennis 
Whitley; Leah Lassiter Whitley. Address: Rt. 1, Smithfield, X. C. 

STATOX J'EXDER WILLIAMS 

(Xineteeuth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Staton Pender Williams, Democrat, Senator from the Nine- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Robersonville, N. C. Son 
of John Lawrence and Hallie Leary (Pender) Williams. Attended 
Robersonville High School, graduating in 1927; Duke University 
A.B., 1931 and M.A., 1935; University of North Carolina Law 
School, 1934-1937, LL.B. Lawyer. Member N. C. State Bar; N. 
C. Bar Association; Past President Stanly County Bar Association. 
Appointed for five year term to N. C. Veterans Commission by 
Gov. W. Kerr Scott in 1949 and reappointed in 1954 by 
Governor William B. Umstead. Served several terms as County 
attorney and attorney for City of Albemarle; served as attorney 



BiocKAi'iiic Ai. Skktches 497 

for Town of Norwood and Town of Oakboro; served several terms 
as President of Young Democratic Club of Stanly County. Past 
President Albemarle Chamber of Commerce and Albemarle Lions 
Club. Member Woodmen of the World, Head Consul, 19 53-19 54; 
National Law Committee, Woodmen of the World; former Consul 
Commander Holly Camp Woodmen of the World; member and 
Past President Washington Camp. Patriotic Order Sons of Amer- 
ica, Albemarle, N. C. Entered U. S. Navy as Lieutenant (jg) in 
February or 19 44 and released to inactive duty January 1, 1946, 
as Lieutenant. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1957. 
Member and Steward, Central Methodist Church. Married Mar- 
garet Louisa Moyer, December 23, 1933. Children: Carolyn L. 
Lee and Staton P. Williams, Jr. Address: 331 North Ninth Street. 
Albemarle, N. C. 



AIITHI H W. AVILTJAMSOX 

(Tenth District^ — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Arthur W. Williamson, Democrat, Senator from the Tenth Sen- 
atorial District, was born at Cerro Gordo, N. C, November 6, 1912. 
Son of Marshall Edcar and Annie Belle Williamson. Attended 
Cerro Gordo High School, 1917-1928; Wake Forest College, 1929. 
Farmer and fertilizer dealer. Member Columbus County Board of 
Health, 194 4-1947; Columbus County Board of Welfare, 19 45- 
1950; Chairman Columbus County Board of Commissioners, 1940- 
1950; Chairman Columbus County Board of Education, 1953- 
1954; District Supervisor U. S. Census, 7th Congressional District, 
19 51). State Senator in the General Assembly of 1955. Baptist. 
Married Elizabeth Peal, November 7, 1930. Five children. Ad- 
dress: Cerro Gordo, N. C. 



JULIAN EMMETT WINSLOW 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden. Chowan, Cuiiitiick, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

Julian Emmett Winslow, Democrat, Senator from the First Sen- 
atorial District, was born at Winfall, North Carolina, Fel)ruary 14. 
1897. Son of Charles Cook and Martha (Leigh) Winslow. At- 



498 NoKiii Cauoi.i.na Ma.m ai. 

Ii'iidcd Hcrtri'i'd llii;h School and St. Paul's School. Oil Jobber 
and mei-chant. Member North Carolina Oil Jobbers Association; 
North Carolina Hardware Dealer's Association; North Carolina 
:\lei-cliants Association. Sheriff, Perquimans County, 1932-1946. 
Congressional Committee Member. 19:! 7-1 9 4 9. Mason, 3 2nd De- 
gree; Shriner Sudan Temple; member Order of Daedalians. Com- 
missioner. First Division State Highway and Public, Works Com- 
missiori, 1953-1957; member Democratic Executive Committev. 
Second Lieutenant, U. S. Air Corps (Pilot), December 1917-Octo- 
ber 1919; Second Lieutenant, U. S. Reserve Army Air Corps, 
October 1919-October 1924. State Senator in the General As- 
semblies of 1949 and 1951. Episcopalian: member of Vestry. Aiar- 
ried. Two children: Mrs. Paul R. Baumgartner and Julian Eni- 
mett Winslow. Jr. Address: Hertford, North Carolina. 

CKKliO I'lJESTON VOW 

(Niiiili District — Counties: Dui)lin, New Hanover, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Cicero Preston Yow, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Randolph County, North Carolina, 
December 24, 1914. Son of Amos H. Yow and Cassie (Langley) 
Yow. Attended Wake Forest College; Wake Forest Law School, 
LL.B., 1942. Lawyer. Alember of New Hanover County Bar As- 
sociation, President, 1951; North Carolina Bar Association; State 
Bai' Association. Former attorney for New Hanover County; 
former Solicitor of New Hanover County Recorder's Court; Assist- 
ant I'nited States Attorney for the Eastern District of North 
Carolina, iMarch 1951 to January 1954. Presently attorney for 
the City of \\'ilmiiigtoii. Member Masonic Order, Sudan Temple; 
Kappa Alpha Fraternity; ODK Honorary Fraternity. Served in 
U. S. Army Air Force, 1942-194:}. Episcopalian; served on Ves- 
try, 195 0-1953, 1956-19 5 9. Married Mary Elizabeth Hardwicke, 
June 5. 19 48. .\ddi-ess: 14:! W. Renovah Cii'cle, Wilmington, 
North Carolina. 



REPRESENTATIVES 

ADDISON HKWLKTT, J 11. 

SPEAKER 

Addison Hewlett, Jr., Democrat, Representative from New Han- 
over County, was born at Masonboro Sound, Wilmington, N. C, 
May 4, 1912. Son of Addison, Sr., and Etbel (Herring) Hewlett. 
Attended Masonboro Elementary School, 1918-19 24; New Han- 
over High School, AVilmington, 1924-1929; Wake Forest College, 
B.S., 1933; Wake Forest Law School, 1933-1934. Attorney at 
Law. Member, New Hanover County Bar Association; Presidsnt, 
1948; North Carolina Bar Association. Member, Improved Order 
of Red Men, Sachem of Cherokee Tribe No. 5, 1937; Vv^ilmington 
Civitan Club, President, 1941; American Legion, Commander of 
Wilmington Post No. 10, 19 48. Trustee of Wake Forest College, 
1950. Entered Army as private, June 12', 1942; separated as 
Cai)tain, IMarch 11, 1946. Representative in the General Assemb- 
ly of 1951, 1953, 1955 and 1957. Baptist. Married Annie Crockett 
Williams, June 19. 193 9. One son, Theodore Herring Hewlett. 
Address: :Masonboio Sound, Wilmington, N. C. 

XO It WOOD 3L\YNAKD AX SELL 

Norwood Maynard Ansell, Democrat, Representative from Cur- 
rituck County, was born at Knotts Island, N. C, January 9, 1914. 
Son of Caleb B. and Ethel (Waterfield) Ansell. Farmer. Com- 
missioner of Currituck County from 193 6 to 195 6. Served in 
U.S.A.F., 1942-1943. Member Currituck Lodge No. 463, A. F. & 
A. M.; Currituck Tribe No. 27, Improved Order Red Men, Chief 
of Records, 1957-59. Address: Knotts Island, N. C. 

lAMES THIIISTOX ARLEDGE 

James Thurston Arledge, Democrat, Representative from Polk 
County, was born in Saluda, N. C, July 22, 19 21. Son of Hosea 
Levi and Alpha Elizabeth (Tallant) Arledge. Graduated from 
Tryon High School in 1940. Manager of Arledge Hardware Com- 
pany, Tryou, N. C. Member Out Board Motor Board Club of Amer- 
ica; Polk County Democratic Executive Committee, 1951-1956; 
past member Tryon Kiwanis Club; Chairman Tryon Democratic 

4 99 



Addison Hi'wk'tt, Jr. --Speaker 



AnscU (if Currituck 
ArledKO of Polk 
Askew of dates 



]i:u\vick of Pasquotank 
Relk of Mecklenburg 
Bell of Carteret 



Black of Cabarrus 
Blue of Moore 

Bowman of Brunswick 



Braswell of Wayne 
Britt of Bladen 
Britt of Kobcson 



Brock of Davie 
Bryant of Yadkin 

Bui'lianMu of Jackson 








All 









Bi()';i;aimiicai, Sk'ktciiks 501 

Precinct Coininittee; Secretary & Treasurer N. C. YDC lltli Dis- 
trict, 1952; Vice President Western District of N. C. YDC, 1956- 
195 7. Member Jeff L. Nelson Lodge No. 60 5 A. F. & A. M.; Cliar- 
ter member of Pollt County Junior Chamber of Commerce, Polk 
County Memorial American Legion Post No. 250, Commander, 
1946, 1947, 1950; Commander 33rd District American Legion, 
1955; Fifth Division Commander of The North Carolina Depart- 
ment of The American Legion. Sergeant in U. S. Marine Corps, 
1943-1956; also served in Marine Corps during Korean War, 
September, 19 50 to August, 1951. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1957. Baptist. Married Margaret Cline, March 26, 
194 8. Two sons, David Cline Arledge, age 8, and Micheal Robert 
Arledge, age 5. Address: Vineyard Road, Tryon, N. C. 

ALLEN EDGAR ASKEW 

Allen Edgar Askew, Democrat, Representative from Gates 
County, was born in Eure, N. C, March 6, 1918. Son of William 
John and Venie (Piland) Askew. Attended Eure Grammar School, 
1925-1932; Gatesville High School, 1932-1936; Elon College, 
B.A., 1940. Merchant. Mason, Lodge 126, Gatesville. Served in 
U. S. Army from February 4, 19 40, to September 27, 1945, with 
Sixth Armored Division with rank of Corporal. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 19 51, 1953, 1955 and 1957. Member of 
Christian Church; Teacher of Men and Women Sunday School 
Class; Superintendent of Sunday School. Married Martha Eliza- 
beth Stokes, July 18, 1944. One son, Allen Edgar Askew, Jr., 
and one daughter, Martha Lisa Askew. Address: Gatesville, N. C. 

KILLIAX BAHWK K 

Killian Barwick, Democrat, Representative from Pasquotank 
County, was born in I^aleigh, N. C, July 23, 1908. Son of Allen 
J. and Anna (Killian) Barwick. Attended Raleigh High School, 
1920-1924; University of North Carolina. A.B., 192'8; University 
of South Carolina, LL.B., 1933. Lawyer. Assistant Judge Pasquo- 
tank County Recorder's Court since 1952. Member Phi Beta Kap- 
pa; Phi Delta Phi. Methodist. Married Mary Brent Holland of 
New Bern, N. C, November 23, 1940. Three daughters. Brent, 
Jan and Betsy. Address: Elizabeth City, N. C. 



502 XdKiii Cai;()1 i.\A AIa.m Ai. 

illWI.N IJKI.K 

Irwin 15elk. Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburs Coun- 
ty, was horn in Charlotte, N. C, April 4, 1922. Son ol' William 
Henry and Mary Leonora (Irwin) Belk. Attended McCallie School, 
Chattanooga, Tennessee; Davidson College; University of North 
Carolina, graduating 1946; also The Executive Program, Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 19.58-1959. Member Delta Sigma Pi; Kap- 
pa. Alpha Order. Merchant. Director Stonecutter Mills, Spindale; 
Pilot Mills, Raleigh; Pilot Realty Co., Raleigh; Union Mills Co., 
Monroe; Park Yarns :\Iill. Kings Mountain; Highland Park Mfg. 
Co.. Charlotte; First Union National Bank of North Carolina, 
Charlotte; Interstate Aiilling Co., Charlotte; Henry River Mills 
Co.. Heni-y Rivei'; Quaker Meadow Mills, Hickory; Blue Ridge In- 
surance Co., Shelby; Strutwear, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn.; Boys 
Clubs of America, Inc., New York (Regional Director, Charlotte 
Area). Member Urban Redevelopment Commission. Trustee Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. Finance Committee, Queens College 
and I'niversity of North Carolina. Board of Directors, United 
Community Services; Florence Crittenton Home; Charlotte 
Chamber of Commerce; Charlotte Workshop for the Blind, Inc.; 
The Carolinas' Carrousel (President 1955); Charlotte Executives 
Club; Charlotte Chamber of Commerce: Aviation Committee and 
Greater :\lecklenburg Committee. Director of The Business 
P^oundation of North Carolina; President Belk Enterprises, Inc.; 
Vice President and Director Belk group of stores; Monroe Hard- 
ware Co., Monroe; Randolph Mills, Franklinville. President Mon- 
roe Telephone Co.. Monroe; Chairman Board and Director South- 
ern Heritage Life Insurance Co. Elected one of the "Ten Out- 
standing Young Men" in Charlotte for 1954-55-56-57. Sergeant 
8th Air Force, World War II. Scottish and York Rite Mason. 
IMember Myers Park Presbyterian Church; Board for the Council 
of Church Architecture, Presbyterian Church in the United States; 
Home Mission Committee, Mecklenburg Presbytery; Executive 
Committee of Historical Foundation of the Presbyterian and Re- 
formed Churches, Montreat; Treasurer Caldwell Memorial Pres- 
byterian Church; Co-Chairman Missions-Projects, Men of the 
Church, Myers Park Presbyterian Church. Married Carol Grotnes, 
September 11, 1948. Children: William Irwin, Irene Grotnes 
and IMarilvn. Address: 400 Eastover Road, Charlotte, N. C. 



Biographical Sketchks 503 

DA MEL GRAHAM BELL 

Daniel Graham Bell, Democrat, Representative from Carteret 
County, was born in Morehead City, N. C, August 9, 1913. Son 
of Daniel Graham and Madie A. Bell. Attended Morehead City 
High School, 19 21-193 2. Merchant. Commissioner, Town of 
Morehead City, 1947-19 55; Mayor Pro-tern, 1953-19 5 5. Member 
Elks Club; Past President Morehead City Junior Chamber of 
Commerce; Past President, Morehead City Chamber of Commerce; 
Commodore Morehead City Sailing Club, 1946-1950. Winner 
of the J. C. Young Man of Year Award, Morehead City 
193 9. Served as Lieutenant in US Coast Guard during World War 
II; Lieutenant Commander, USCGR and Commanding Officer of 
Coast Guard Reserve Unit, Morehead City. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 19 55 and 19 57. Methodist; Steward, 1938- 
1942, 1946-1948. Address: Morehead City, N. C. 

BEDFORD WORTH BLACK 

Bedford Worth Black, Democrat, Representative from Cabarrus 
County, was born in Gastonia, N. C, September 17, 1917. Son of 
the late Rev. Ernest Watson Black and Marie (Caston) Black. 
Attended Asheville City Schools, 1924-1929; Roanoke (Virginia) 
City Schools, 19 29-193 5; J. W. Cannon High School, Kannapolis, 
N. C, 1935-1937; W^ake Forest College, 1937-1942; Wake Forest 
College Law School, 1946-1948. Lawyer. Member Cabarrus 
County Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; American Bar Association; Kannapolis Mer- 
chants Association; Lions Club; Junior Chamber of Commerce 
(life member); North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control, 1952- 
1959; Beaver-Pittman Post 115, American Legion, Boys' State 
Officer since 1949; Poston-Perkins Post 8989 Veterans of Foreign 
Wars; Concord Executives Club; Y.M.C.A.; Parents and Friends 
of Mentally Retarded Children; Cabarrus County Mental Health 
Association; Cabarrus County Young Democratic Club; Director 
of Organization, Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina, 
1948-1949; Regional Director Young Democratic Clubs of Amer- 
ica, 1949-1951; Vice-Chairman National Co-ordinating Council, 
Young Democratic Clubs of America, 19 50-19 53; Parliamentar- 
ian, Young Democratic Clubs of America, 1950-1957; Staff Mem- 
ber Democratic National Committee, 19 52. Member Pi Kappa 



504 North Cakomna Manual 

Delta Fraternity; Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity, Governor Dis- 
trict V, 1950-1957, Grand Marslial, 1955-1957, Grand Secretary 
since 1956, Executive Director, 19 57; College Fraternity Secre- 
taries Association, 1957-1958. Secretary and Director William L. 
Phillips Foundation, Inc. Entered U. S. Army Air Corps, April 
14, 194 2 and discharged as Technical Sergeant, November 30, 
1945. Baptist. Address: Kannapolis, N. C. 

HERBERT CLIFTON BLUE 

Herbert Clifton Blue, Democrat, Representative from Moore 
County, was born in Hoke County, N. C. (then Cumberland), 
August 28, 1910. Son of John Patrick and Christian (Stewart) 
Blue. Graduated from Vass-Lakeview High School in 1929. Pub- 
lisher "The Sandhill Citizen," Aberdeen, N. C. Director N. C. Press 
Association. Member, Town of Aberdeen Board of Commissioners, 
1945; President, Moore County YDC, 1941-1946; Elected Eighth 
Congressional District YDC Chairman, 1946; Secretary North 
Carolina Young Democratic Clubs, 1947-1948; President North 
Carolina Young Democratic Executive Clubs, 1948-19 49; Secre- 
tary State Democratic Executive Committee, 1949-1952; member 
Moore County Democratic Executive Committee; charter member 
Aberdeen Lions Club; President of the Club for the 1946-1947 
term; Zone Chairman 1947-1948; Deputy District Governor, 1953- 
1954. Mason. Woodman of the World. President Vass-Lakeview 
High School Alumni Association, 193 3-193 5, 19 4 2. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1947, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955 and 
1957. Presbyterian. Served as Superintendent of Cypress Sun- 
day School, 1930-1940; Deacon in Cypress Church, 1931-1941; 
Superintendent, Bethesda Presbyterian Sunday School, 1940 to 
present time; Elder Bethesda Presbyterian Church. Married Gala 
Lee Nunery, July 4, 1937. Four children: Patricia Joyce, Herbert 
Clifton, Jr., John Lee and Elizabeth Ann. Address: Aberdeen. 
N. C. 

JAMES C. BOWMAN 

James C. Bowman, Democrat, Representative from Brunswick 
County, was born in Kenly, N. C, March 27, 1910. Son of John 
C. and Cleva (Griggs) Bowman. Attended Wadesboro High 
School, graduating in 19 26; Duke University, 1926-1927; William 



Biographical Sketches 505 

and Mary, 1927-192S; Oglethorpe University, 1928-1929; Virginia 
Military Institute, 1929-1930; Washington College of Law, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 193 5-1938, LL.B. Lawyer. Member American Bar 
Association; North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina Bar Asso- 
ciation. Solicitor Brunswick County Record's Court, 1953- 
195 7. Member and Past President Southport Lions Club; Bruns- 
wick County Farm Bureau; Pythagoras Lodge No. 249; 3 2nd De- 
gree Mason Gautama Consistory M.R.S.; Live Oak Chapter No. 
179 Order of the Eastern Star; American Legion Post No. 194, 
Southport, N. C. Served in U. S. Navy, 1941-1946, with active 
duty in European and Southwest Pacific areas; at present Lieuten- 
ant Commander in U.S.N.R. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1957. Methodist and meiiiber of Official Board of Trin- 
ity Methodist Church, Southport, N. C; Teacher Young People's 
Sunday School Class. Married Ruby Gordon Fuzzell, December 
2*6, 1947. Children: Ann Cameron Bowman and Cornelia Lea 
Bowman. Address: Southport, N. C. 

ROLAND CLIFTON BR AS WELL 

Roland Clifton Braswell, Democrat, Representative from Wayne 
County, was born in that county, January 28, 1926. Son of John 
and Minnie Edna (Sasser) Braswell. Attended Rosewood High 
School, 1932-1943; East Carolina College, B.S., 1949; University 
of North Carolina; University of North Carolina Law School, 
LL.D., 1952. Lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Association; Wayne 
County Bar Association; Phi Alpha Delta; Greenville Masonic 
Lodge No. 284; Woodman of the World Camp No. 100; Neuse 
Lodge No. 6 Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Noble, 1957- 
1958. Phm 1/c, United States Navy, 1943-1946. Methodist; 
Charge Lay Leader and Certified Lay Speaker since 1954. Mar- 
ried Katherine Elizabeth Lancaster, June 24, 19 56. Address: 
Route 5, Goldsboro, N. C. 

DAVID MAXWELL BRITT 

David Maxwell Britt, Democrat, Representative from Robeson 
County, was born in McDonald, N. C, January 3, 1917. Son of 
Dudley H. and Martha Mae (Hall) Britt. Attended McDonald 
Elementary School. 19 22-19 29; Lumberton High School, 1929- 
1933; Wake Forest College, 1933-1935; Wake Forest College 
Law School, 193 5-193 7. Lawyer. Member American, North Caro- 



506 North Cakoi.ixa Maxtal 

lina and Robeson County Bar Associations. Solicitor, Fairmont 
Recorder's Court, 1940-1944; Attorney for Town of Fairmont 
since 1946. Served on State Democratic Executive Committee for 
two terms. Member Board of Trustees Robeson County Memorial 
Hospital, 1954-1958, President, 1958; President, Wake Forest Col- 
lege Alumni Association, 1952-1953; member Phi Kappa Alpha 
National Society Fraternity; Fairmont Rotary Club since 193 8 and 
Governor of District 279, 1951-1952; Chairman, Robeson County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1956-1958; Chairman, Fair- 
mont Board of Education, 1954-1958. Selected "Man of the Year" 
for Robeson County, 1957. Private, U. S. Army, 1943. Baptist; 
Deacon; Teacher, Men's Bible Class since 1939; member of Gen- 
eral Board, Baptist State Convention of N. C. Married Louise 
Teague of Fairmont. N. C, July 16, 1941. Children: Nancy, Mar- 
tha Neil, Mary Louise and David, Jr. Address: Fairmont, N. C. 

SIDNEY DANIEL BRITT 

Sidney Daniel Britt. Demcorat, Representative from Bladen 
County, was born near Lumberton, N. C, August 1, 1914. Son of 
Rev. Paul T. and Letitia (Hilborn) Britt. Attended Orrum High 
School, 1921-1931; Bladenboro High School. 1931-1933. Farmer 
and automobile dealer. Manager Bladen Oil Co., 1935-1939; 
Partner and Manager Britt Oil Co., 1939-1951; Owner and Man- 
ager Britt Buick Co., 1951-1953. President Bladen Oil Jobbers 
Association, 19 46-19 48. Member Executive Board of Bladen 
County Hospital; Vice President Bladen County Farm Bureau; 
Judge County Recorder's Court, 19 50-19 5 2. Member Woodmen 
of the World; Council Commander, 1946-1947. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1957. Baptist; Deacon; Teacher 
Young Men's Class since 1953; Director Association Training 
Union, 1955-1958; Past President Baptist Brotherhood, First 
Church of Bladenboro. Married Sarah Nance Britt, August 17, 
193 5. Children: Charles Fredrick Britt, born August 16, 1936 
and Ronald Paul Britt, born February 3, 1939. Address: Route 1, 
Bladenboro, N. C. 

BURR COLEY BROCK, SR. 

Burr Coley Brock, Sr., Republican, Representative from Davie 
County, was born in Farmington, N. C, November 26, 1891. Son 
of Moses B. and Vert (Coley) Brock. Attended schools of Ad- 



Biographical Sketches 507 

vance, Baltimore, Cooleemee, Woodleaf, Farmington and Cleni- 
mons High School, graduating in 1913; University of N. C. Law- 
School, 1913-1915; A.B., 1916. Lawyer. President 2'2nd Judicial 
District Bar of N. C, 1957-1958. Mason; Junior Order United 
American Mechanics; Odd Fellows; member of Grange; Woodmen 
of the World; President Mocksville Lodge of P.O.S. of A., also 
county and district president. Member State Republican Execu- 
tive Committee, 1937-1959; Chairman Boy Scout Committee, 
Farmington, 1940-1949. Member School Committee, 1941-1949. 
Member Board of Trustees Appalachian State Teachers College 
since 1949, Vice-Chairman, 195 2-195 6. Government appeal agent, 
World War II. Representative in the General Assembly from 
Davie County in 1917, 1933, 1935, 1951, and 1957; Minority 
Leader in 1933 and 1951. State Senator, 1937, 1943, 1949 and 
1955; Chairman Joint House and Senate Caucus Committee, 193 5. 
Methodist; Teacher Young Men's Class for eight years, Mocks- 
ville M.E. Church, South; now teaching Men's Bible Class; Chair- 
man Circuit Board of Stewards and Lay Leader Farmington Meth- 
odist Circuit; Chairman of Board of Stewards; Chairman, Build- 
ing Committee; Superintendent of Sunday School for four years; 
Associate Lay Leader, Elkin District, 1940-1941; Lay Leader, 
1942-1943; Associate Lay Leader of Thomasville District, 1943- 
1959; Secretary and Treasurer of District Trustees and Chairman 
of the Location and Building Committee, 19 43-19 59; Chairman 
of Committee for Higher Education of Methodist Church for Davie 
County. Married Laura Tabor, December 23, 1919. Children: 
B. C, Jr., Margaret Jo, Francis, John Tabor, James Moses, Rich- 
ard Joe, William Laurie and Rufus Leo. Five grandchildren. 
Address: Mocksville, N. C. 

JAY FRANK BRYANT 

Jay Frank Bryant, Democrat, Representative from Yadkin 
County, was born in that county, August 17, 1927. Son of Julius 
Frank and Dixie (Miller) Bryant. Attended Boonville High 
School, 1942-1945; Wake Forest College, 1945-1946. Tobacco 
and dairy farmer. Member Board of Directors North Carolina 
Farm Bureau; President Yadkin County Farm Bureau for past 
five years; Vice President Northwest North Carolina Development 
Association. In 1956 named "Outstanding Young Farmer Of The 
Year" by the Winston-Salem Jaycees covering counties of For- 



Burgess of Camden 
Burleson of Mitchell 
Burrow of Randolph 



Bynum of Richmond 
Byrd of Burl^e 
Byrum of Chowan 



Childers of Gaston 
Coates of Johnston 
Cohoon of Tyrrell 



Courtney of Caldwell 
Cover of Cherokee 

Crawford of Buncombe 



Crawford of Swain 
Davis of Lenoir 

Davis of Rutherford 



Delamar of Pamlico 
Dill of Edgecombe 
DoUey of Gaston 




Biographical Sketches 509 

syth, Stokes and Yadkin. Member of a 20 man state tobacco 
committee and a 15 man regional (five state) flue-cured tobacco 
committee; Board of Directors of the North Carolina Farm Bu- 
reau Mutual Insurance Company; Past Chairman of the Com- 
munity ASC Committee; Vice President Northwest North Carolina 
Development Association; has served as Vice-Chairman of the 
agriculture division of the Northwest Development Association 
and Chairman of the Northwest N. C. Flue-Cured Tobacco Com- 
mittee; Secretary of the Deep Creek Watershed Association; 
Dixie Classic Fair Commission, serving as Co-Chairman of the 
agriculture division; Farm and Home Administration Board in 
Yadkin County, former Chairman. Member Pi Kappa Alpha Fra- 
ternity; Boonville Lions Club. Corporal, U. S. Army, 1950-1952. 
Member Boonville Methodist Church; member of Board of Stew- 
ards. Married Juanita Georgette Martin, March 17, 1951. Two 
children: Steven Franklin and Debra Martin Bryant. Address: 
Route 2, Boonville, N. C. 

MARCELIiUS BUCHANAN 

Marcellus Buchanan, Democrat, Representative from Jackson 
County, was born in Sylva, N. C, September 30, 1923. Son of 
Marcellus, Jr., and Rebecca (Cathey) Buchanan. Attended Sylva 
High School, graduating in 1940; Western Carolina Teachers Col- 
lege, 1941-1942; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 
194 9. Lawyer. Member Jackson County Bar Association; N. C. 
Bar Association; American Bar Association; Attorney for Town 
of Sylva; former Chairman Jackson County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee; President Jackson County Y.D.C., 1950-1952. 
Delegate Democratic National Convention, 195 6; Town of Sylva 
Representative on Western North Carolina Regional Planning 
Commission. Member Sylva Lions Club; Chi Phi Fraternity; Phi 
Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. Served in World War II, 1943-1945. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1955 and 1957. Meth- 
odist. Married Jane Poteet in 1943. Address: Sylva, N. C. 

SHERMAN EVERETT BURGESS 

Sherman Everett Burgess, Democrat, Representative from Cam- 
den County, was born in Old Trap, Camden County, N. C, De- 
cember 5, 1908. Son of Willie H. and Eva Bell (Leary) Burgess. 



510 Noinii Cakolina Maxial 

Attended Public Schools Camden County, 1914-1925; A.B., Duke 
University, 1934. Tauglit in Public Schools of Camden County, 
1932-1942. Farmer. Member Elizabeth City Rotary Club; South 
Camden Ruritan Club; Mason. Member Widows Son Lodge No. 
75, Camden, N. C; Past Master 1942; District Deputy Grand 
Master. 1943-19 44; New Bern Consistory No. 3; Sudan Temple 
A. A. O.N. M.S. of New Bern; Chairman, Camden County Chapter 
American Red Cross, 193 7-19 5 2. Chairman, United War Fund 
Drive for Camden County, 19 43 and 1944. Member, Camden 
County Draft Board, 1948-1950. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1945, 1951 and 1957. Baptist; Sunday School Super- 
intendent. iMarried Lorraine Sawyer, April 2, 193 7. Three chil- 
dren: Everett Duke, 19, David Sawyer, 17, and Diane Burgess, 
14. Address: Belcross, N. C. 

JETER ( . BURLESON 

Jeter C. Burleson, Republican, Representative from Mitchell 
County was born in Bakersville, N. C, July 17, 1899. Son of Wil- 
liam Anderson and Hester Ledford Burleson. Attended Bakers- 
ville High School, 1913-1917; Appalachian State Teachers' Col- 
lege two years. Engaged in insurance and bonding. Owner and 
manager of the J. C. Burleson Lumber Co., Bakersville, N. C. 
Principal, Glen Ayre Consolidated School for two years. Clerk, 
Superior Court, Mitchell County, 1922-1930; youngest clerk in 
State elected to that office. Chairman Republican County Execu- 
tive Committee, 19 28-1930. Delegate from 10th Congressional 
District to the Republican National Convention, San Francisco, 
Calif., 1956. Served in Special Session of General Assembly, 193 6, 
regular sessions 1937, 1939, 1943, 1947, 1951, 1955, 1957 and 
Special Session of 19 5 6. Member, Bakersville Men's Club. Mason. 
Baptist. Married Atta Rankin, 19 25. Two sons: Bruce Eugene, 
teacher at UCLA, and William Anderson, law student at U.N.C. 
Address: Bakersville, N. C. 

SAMUEL JACKSON BURROW, JR. 

Samuel Jackson Burrow, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Randolph County, was born in Warrenton, N. C, February 25, 
1918. Son of Samuel J. Burrow, Sr. (deceased) and Cora L. 
Burrow. Attended Asheboro High School, graduating in 1936; 



Biographical Sketches 511 

Wake Forest College, 1936-1937. Representative Equitable Life 
Assurance Society. Delegate Democratic National Convention, 
1956; member Board of Trustees, Teachers' and State Employees' 
Retirement System, 1953-19 5 9. Member American Legion; Vet- 
erans of Foreign Wars; Forty and Eight. Junior Chamber of 
Commerce •'Young Man of the Year," 19 50. Served in World War 
11 from 1942 to 194 5 with 2C months in European Theater as 
member of Eighth Air Force. Methodist; member Official Board; 
Teacher of Senior Young People's Class of Sunday School. Mar- 
ried Maxine Cole. Children: Jane Cole, age 11; Samuel Jackson, 
III, age 9; William Henderson, age 4. Address: 33 5 Ridgecrest 
Road, Asheboro, N. C. 

FREDERICK WILLIAMSON BYNUM, JR. 

Frederick Williamson Bynum, Jr., Democrat, Representative 
from Richmond County, was born in Aberdeen, N. C, November 
7, 19 21. Son of Fiederick Williamson and Florence (Page) By- 
num. Attended Rockingham High School; Darlington School for 
Boys at Rome, Georgia; Duke University, A.B., 1943; Harvard 
Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar 
Association; North Carolina Bar; American Bar Association; 
Richmond County Bar Association. City Attorney for Town of 
Rockingham, 1949-1950. Member Kappa Alpha Fraternity. Lieu- 
tenant (Sg) United States Navy, June of 1943 to June of 1946. 
Representative in the General Assembly, Extra Session of 1956 
and Regular Session of 1957. Methodist; member Board of Stew- 
ards; Assistant Teacher Men's Sunday School Class. Married Mary 
Schoolfield Gorham, August 1, 1953. Address: Laurel Lane, Rock- 
Ingham, N. C. 

JOE KINCAID BYRD 

Joe Kincaid Byrd, Democrat, Representative from Burke Coun- 
ty, was born in Morganton, N. C, December 28, 19 23. Son of 
E. H. and Elva Leslie (Duckworth) Byrd. Attended Drexel High 
School of Drexel, N. C, graduating in 1941; Berea College, Berea, 
Ky., 1941-1942; University of North Carolina, A.B., 1947; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 19 50. Lawyer. 
Member Burke County Bar Association; N. C. State Bar Associa- 
tion. Solicitor Burke County Criminal Court, 1951-1954. Member 



512 North Carolina Manual 

Governor's Speaker's Bureau of Traffic Safety Council since 1956; 
Drexel School Committee, 1955-1956; President of Berea College 
Thermal Belt (N. C. & S. C.) Alumni Association, ]956-r958. 
Member Delta Theta Phi; Lovelady Lodge # 6 70, A.F. & A.M.; 
Moose Lodge #193 of Morganton; Drexel Lions Club, President' 
1956. Served with 8 4th Infantry Division of United States Armyi 
19 43-1945; now Captain in United States Army Reserve, Baptist; 
Teacher of Men's Sunday School Class since 19 50; Vice President 
Board of Trustees of South Mountain Baptist Assembly of Region 
Eight; member Executive Committee of Catawba Baptist Associa- 
tion. Married Gleta Ruby Harris, May 11, 1947. Three sons and 
three daughters. Address: Drexel, N. C. 

ALBERT GASKINS BYRUM 

Albert Gaskins Byrum, Democrat, Representative from Chowan 
County, was born in Edenton, N. C, December 19, 1902. Son of 
Octavious Coke and Sarah Ida (Basnight) Byrum. Attended 
Edenton High School; N. C. State College, B.S. degree, 1925. 
Farmer. Member Edenton Town Council. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1957. Baptist; Trustee. Married Clara Ruth 
Pruden, June 12, 1929. Children: Betty Byrum Ward and Albert 
Gaskins Byrum, Jr. Address: Edenton, N. C. 

MAX LAMAR CHILDERS 

Max Lamar Childers, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in Lenoir, N. C. Son of W. C. and Gertrude 
(Kincaid) Childers. Attended University of North Carolina; Ap- 
palachian State Teachers College; University of North Carolina 
Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. Member Gaston County Bar 
Association; N. C. Bar Association; American Bar Association. 
Served in U. S. Air Force as First Lieutenant, 1942-1945. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 195 7. Methodist. Married 
Dolores H. Roberts, June 9, 1945. Two sons. Max, Jr., age 11, 
and David Christian, age 7. Address: 103 Cedar Lane, Mt. Holly, 
N. C. 

ROY COLUMBUS COAXES 

Roy Columbus Coates, Democrat, Representative from Johnston 
County, was born in Johnston County, July 4, 1918. Son of 



Biographical Sketches 513 

Joseph B. and Lula (Smith) Coates. Attended Wilsons Mills 
Elementary School, 1924-19 31; Smithfield High School, 193 2- 
1936; North Carolina State College, 1937-1939. House moving 
contractor. Member Carolina Roadbuilders Association. Member 
4-H Club during school days; 4-H State Champion Seed Judging 
Team, 1935; State President of 4-H Clubs, 1935. Entered Mili- 
tary service in 1940 with rank of Private; received pilot training 
as Aviation Cadet and commissioned Second Lieutenant upon 
graduation; received subsequent promotions up to Major in U. S. 
Army Air Force and released from active duty December 6, 1946. 
Mason; member Smithfield Lions Club. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1953, 1955 and 1957; Vice-Chairman, Con- 
servation and Development Committee, 1955; Chairman, Commit- 
tee on University Trustees, 1957. Baptist; Deacon; Assistant Di- 
rector of Baptist Training Union, 1951-1952. Married Lacy Ruth 
Powell, December 24, 1942. Two daughters, Kaye Ruth and Lu- 
lane Powell and one son, Roy Columbus Coates, IL Address: 
Route 3, Smithfield, N. C. 

WILLLIM CHARLES COHOON 

William Charles Cohoon, Democrat, Representative from Tyr- 
rell County, was born in Elizabeth City, N. C, March 31, 1917; 
Son of Andrew Jackson and Lillian Deliva (Calhoun) Cohoon. 
Attended Columbia High School, graduating in 1934; Oak Ridge 
Military Institute, 1934-1936; Duke University, 1936-1938. Job- 
ber of petroleum products. Member N. C. Oil Jobbers Association 
and charter member Texaco Master Marketers Club. Member 
Tyrrell County Board of Commissioners, 1946-1950 and Tyrrell 
County Board of Education, 1950-1958. Member Masonic Lodge 
Providence 678; Shrine Sudan Temple; Rotary Club. Seaman 
1st Class United States Coast Guard, 1933-1934; received medical 
discharge. Episcopalian; Senior Warden, 1953-1958. Married 
Cecilia Woods, September 7, 19 40. Children: Patricia Ann Co- 
hoon, William Charles Cohoon, Jr., and Andrea Leigh Cohoon. 
Address: Columbia, N. C. 

DANNY M. CMDURTNEY, SR. 

Danny M. Courtney, Sr., Democrat, Representative from Cald- 
well County, was born in Lenoir, N. C, March 22, 1917. Son of 



514 North Cakolixa Manual 

Henry M. and Jennie (Roderick) Courtney. Attended Hartland 
Elementary School, 1923-1930; Hudson High School, 1931-1933; 
Colletlsville High School, 1934. Completed several courses offered 
by Ameriacn Institute of Banking. Cashier Bank of Lenoir, Le- 
noir, N. C. Member Chamber of Commerce, Director; Northwest 
North Carolina Development Association, Director; National As- 
sociation of Bank Auditors and Comptrollers, W.N.C. Chapter; 
Robert Morris Associates; County Key Banker since 1956. Mem- 
ber Caldwell County Board of Commissioners, 1952-1958. Former 
Director and Treasurer Lenoir Rotary Club; former Chairman 
Community Chest; former Director Caldwell Chapter American 
Red Cross and Treasurer since 1946. Served in United States 
Army, 194 5-1946; discharged as Technical Sergeant First Class. 
Methodist; Superintendent of Church School, 1952-1954; Charge 
Lay Leader, 195 4-195 6; Chairman Board of Trustees since 1952 
and Chairman of Official Board since 1956. Married Doris Har- 
ward, March 31, 1941. Children: Danny M. Courtney, Jr., age 
16; Henry H. Courtney, age 14; Grover R. Courtney, age 11. 
Address: Route 6, Lenoir, N. C. 

LILLIAN MAVPIELI) COVER 

Lillian Mayfield Cover, Democrat, Representative from Chero- 
kee County, was born in Murphy, N. C, November 8, 18 90. Daugh- 
ter of A. M. and Ella (Mayfield) Brittian. Attended Murphy Pub- 
lic Schools; Davenport College, graduating in music. Taught 
music for short time in Andrews Public Schools. Member of An- 
drews Garden Club; Fort Myers Community Club; former mem- 
ber of Daughters of the American Revolution and United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy. Worked on behalf of Equal Suffrage 
Amendment. Delegate to the Democratic National Convention of 
19 24. Served as member of Board of Trustees of Western Caro- 
lina Teachers College for twelve years; also has served on the 
City and County Education Boards and County Welfare Board. 
One of the flist women candidates for the North Carolina Legis- 
lature, 1924. Representative from Cherokee County in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 19 43 and 19 45. One of the original members of 
the State Stream Sanitation Committee. Methodist. Organist for 
St. Andrews Lutheran Church for past thirty-five years. Married 
Giles William Cover in 1908. Three daughters and one son. Ad- 
dress: Andrews, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 515 

CHARLES RAYMOND CRAWFORD 

Charles Raymond Crawford, Democrat, Representative from 
Swain County, was born at Ela, N. C, July 5, 1902'. Son of Gor- 
don L. and Mary Jane Crawford. Attended Ela Graded School; 
Cullowhee High School; teacher training at Western Carolina 
Teachers College. Awarded gold medal in debating competition 
at Western Cpa-olina Teachers College. Feed dealer and operator 
of tourist court. Taught in public schools of North Carolina for 
three years. Representative in the General Assembly of 19 57. 
Methodist; Lay Leader; Teacher of Mens Bible Class; Superin- 
tendent of Sunday School for four years. Married Ruby Helen 
Carr of Jacksonville, Illinois. Two children: Robert C. Crawford 
and Charles G. Crawford. Two grandchildren. Address: Whit- 
tier, N. C. 

IRVLN COOPKR CRAWFORD 

Irvin Cooper Crawford, Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Bryson City, N. C, September 1, 1905. 
Son of Gordon Lee and Mary Jane (Cooper) Crawford. Attended 
Cullowhee High School, 1919-1922; Duke University; Wake For- 
est College. Lawyer. Member Swain County Board of Education, 
1933-1934; Mayor Bryson City, 193 5-193 6; Chairman Swain 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1932-1940. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly of 19 57. Member Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks; Royal Order of Moose. Methodist; Steward, 
1953-1956. Married Evelyn Gregory, August 20, 1935. One son. 
Stephen G. Crawford. Address: 10 Hampshire Circle, Asheville, 
N. C. 

JAMES TOLIVER DAVIS 

James Toliver Davis, Democrat, Representative from Ruther- 
ford County, was born in Forest City, N. C, June 21, 1922. Son 
of James Webb and Lois Elizabeth (Cagle) Davis. Attended 
Forest City Elementary School, 1928-193 4; Cool Springs High 
School of Forest City, 1934-1938; Mars Hill Junior College, 1938- 
1940; Wake Forest College Law School, 1940-1943. LL.B. Law- 
yer. Member of American Bar Association; North Carolina Bar 
Association, Inc.; North Carolina State Bar, Inc.; Rutherford 
County Bar Association; Loyal Order of Moose; President Ruther- 



516 North Carolina Manual 

ford County Young Democrats, 1949; member of Rutherford 
County Board of Elections, 19 53; City Attorney for Town of For- 
est City since 1947. Appointed County Attorney for Rutherford 
County in 195 6. Elected Director of North Carolina League of 
Municipalities in 1955, and re-elected in 1956. Served in the 
United States Navy, 1943-1945; now holds commission as Lieuten- 
ant in U. S. Naval Reserves. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1955 and 195 7. Baptist. Married Jackie Jones, March 
13, 1946. Children: Sharon Elizabeth Davis, Gayle Gray Davis 
and James Thomas Davis. Address: Forest City, N. C. 

RACHEL DARDEN DAVIS, IH 

Kathryn Rachel Sarah Rebecca Speight Darden Davis, Demo- 
crat, Representative from Lenoir County, was born in Lenoir 
County, September 24, 190 5. Daughter of Herbert W. and Har- 
riette R. (Isler) Davis. Attended James Sprunt Institute, 1917- 
1921; Mt. Olive High School, 1922; Salem College, B.S., 1926; 
University of North Carolina, 1927-1928; Columbia University 
M.S., 1928; Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania, M.D., 
193 2". Physician and farmer. Member American College of Ob. & 
Gyn.; Lenoir County, State and American Medical Societies. Presi- 
dent Lenoir County Medical Society for two terms; President 
Second District Medical Society, 1957; Vice President Kinston 
Business and Professional Women's Club, 1946-1954; Secretary 
N. C. Division American Cancer Society; appointed by Governor 
Broughton as a member of N. C. Commission of Correction and 
Detention; Chairman Board of Dobbs Farms, 1948-1950; Lenoir 
County Welfare Board, 1946-1958; City of Kinston Recreation 
Board, 1946-1950. Member Zeta Phi; United Daughters of Con- 
federacy; Daughters of American Revolution; Daughter of Ameri- 
can Colonist; N. C. Society of Descendents of the Palatines. Au- 
thor of "Life is Normal" and "Premarital Education." Single. 
Adopted daughter, Harriette Elizabeth Davis. Baptist; Deacon; 
former Sunday School Teacher. Address: 111 East Gordon Street, 
Kinston, N. C. 

NED EVERETT DELrAMAR 

Ned Everett Delamar, Democrat, Representative from Pamlico 
County, was born in Oriental, N. C, July 10, 1920. Son of Ned 



Biographical Sketches 517 

E. and Ina Pearl (Johnson) Delamar. Attended Oriental High 
School, graduating in 1937; Chicago Conservatory of Music, 1938- 
1939; Smith-Deal Massey Business College, Richmond, Va., 1946- 
1947. Retail merchant. City Commissioner, 1949-1950. Member 
Mount Vernon Masonic Lodge No. 3 59 of Oriental. Served in 
U. S. Army, 1940-1945, as Infantry Platoon Sergeant and First 
Sergeant in combat; received direct commission; at present com- 
missioned officer in U. S. Army Reserve. Recipient of Combat 
Infantrymans Badge, Bronze Star Medal, Good Conduct Medal, 
World War II Victory Medal, Croix de Guerre, Distinguished Unit 
Badge, American Defense Service Medal, American Theater Ser- 
vice Ribbon and European African Middle Eastern Service Rib- 
bon. Representative in the General Assembly of 19 57 and Extra 
Session of 1956. Methodist; Sunday School teacher for past 
eleven years. Married Libby Marie Woodard, April 27, 1946. 
Children: Ned, Jr., Dennis and Mary. Address: Oriental, N. C. 

THOMAS GREEN DLLL 

Thomas Green Dill, Democrat, Representative from Edgecombe 
County, was born in New Bern, N. C, January 19, 1922. Son of 
Alonzo Thomas and Clara Maria (Green) Dill. Attended New 
Bern Public Schools; New Bern High School, graduating in 1939; 
University of North Carolina, 1939-1943, A.B., degree; University 
of North Carolina Law School, 1943, 1946-1947, LL.B. degree. 
Lawyer. Member Edgecombe County Bar Association; Rocky 
Mount-Nash County Bar Association; N. C. Bar Association; N. C. 
State Bar. Staff member North Carolina Law Review, 1947. Mem- 
ber Edgecombe County Democratic Executive Committee. Prose- 
cuting Attorney, City of Rocky Mount, 1950-1955. Member Phi 
Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Phi Beta Kappa; Delta Kappa Epsilon 
Fraternity; Rocky Mount Kiwanis Club; American Legion; Edge- 
combe County Young Democratic Club. Served in U. S. Naval Re- 
serve, 1943-1946; attended Midshipman's School, Northwestern 
University; commissioned Ensign in 1943; served Amphibious 
Forces in Central Pacific and China; released to inactive duty as 
Lieutenant (jg), U.S.N.R.; Representative in the General Assem- 
bly of 1955 and 1957. Presbyterian; Deacon since 1950; Vice- 
President of Men of Church, Albemarle Presbytery, 1952-1953; 
Superintendent of Sunday School; Teacher Young Adults Class. 
jMarried Ann Sloan Fountain of Rocky Mount, November 3, 1944. 



Doughton of AllcRhaiiy 
Drumniond of Forsyth 
Edniistt'ii of Wirtaiijjn 



Etheridge of Dare 
Everett of .Martin 

Gaither of Transylvania 



Gobble of Forsyth 

Greenwood of Buncombe 
Gregory of Harnett 



Hardy of (ireene 
Hargett of Jones 
Harris of Wake 



Harriss of Rowan 
Hawfleld of Union 

Henley of Cumberland 



Herbert of Clay 

Hicks of Mecklenburg 
High of Cumberland 




Biographical Sketches 519 

Children: Ann Sloan Dill, Harriet Fountain Dill, Susan Green 
Dill and Thomas Green Dill, Jr. Address: 7 23 Sycamore Street, 
Rocky Mount, N. C. 

STEPHEN BLAND DOLLEY, JR. 

Stephen Bland Dolley, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Gaston County, was born in Gastonia on November 16, 19 29. Son 
of Colonel S. B. Dolley and Eunice P. Dolley. Attended Gaston 
County Public Schools; graduated from Gastonia High School, 
1947; University of North Carolina, A.B., 1950; University of 
North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 19 53. Lawyei'- Member Gas- 
ton County Bar Association; N. C. Bar Association; N. C. State 
Bar; American Bar Association; Sigma Phi Epsilon and Delta 
Theta Phi fraternities; American Legion; Loyal Order of Moose; 
Fraternal Order of Eagles; Gastonia A. M. Optimist Club; Gaston 
County Young Democrats Club. Enlisted in United States Army 
Reserve, 1950-1956; active duty, 1951. Methodist. Married Julia 
B. Page, August 25, 19 54. One daughter, Gladys Frances Dolley. 
Address: 101 South Belvedere Street, Gastonia, N. C. 

JAMES KEMP DOUGHTON 

James Kemp Doughton, Democrat, Representative from Alle- 
ghany County, was born at Sparta, N. C, May 18, 18S4. Son of 
Rufus A. and Sue (Parks) Doughton. Attended Oak Ridge Insti- 
tute and University of North Carolina. Farmer. Trust Officer, 
Northwestern Bank, North Wilkesboro. Formerly bank official; 
State and National Bank Examiner; Manager Richmond Agency 
Reconstruction Finance Corporation; General Agent and Chair- 
man Board Farm Credit Administration, Baltimore. Representa- 
tive in General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955 and 1957; 
Speaker, 19 57. Methodist. First marriage to Josephine Brown of 
Raleigh, N. C. Three children. Second marriage to Ivy G. Dough- 
ton of Laurel Springs. Address: Sparta, N. C. 

DANIEL LEE DHUMMOND 

Daniel Lee Drummond, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Indian Territory, April 13, 1907. Son of 
G. A. and Nevida (Mullens) Drummond. Attended Dallas Grade 



520 North Carolina Manual 

Schools, 1916-1921; Dallas High School, 1921-1925; Texas A & M 
College; N. C. State College, extension courses. Public Account- 
ant. Member N. C. Society of Accountants, President, 1955; Na- 
tional Society of Public Accountants, member of President's 
Council, 1955. JBditor N. C. Society of Accountants Bulletin, 
1957. Member Forsyth County Board of Education, 1946-1953, 
Chairman three times; member and Director N. C. Association of 
School Boards, 1946-1952; President 5th District Association 
School Board Members, 1950; N. C. Delegate to National School 
Board Convention, 1951; Travelers Protective Assn. and United 
Commercial Travelers of America; Winston-Salem Chamber of 
Commerce. Member Centenary Methodist Church; Sunday School 
Teacher, 1952-1958; Board of Stewards, 1942-1947; Board of 
Education, 1957-1959; Board of Temperance of Western N. C. 
Conference, 1951-1961. Married Frances Teasley Mullins, Febru- 
ary 10, 1934. Children: Diane, Dan, David, Dwight, Douglas and 
Don. Address: 322'5 Buena Vista Road, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

JACIi E. EDMISTEN 

Jack E. Edmisten, Democrat, Representative from Watauga 
County, was born at Beech Creek, Watauga County, N. C, Decem- 
ber 24, 1915. Son of Ira and Laura (Reece) Edmisten. Attended 
Cove Creek Schools. Partner in lumber business, Ira Edmisten & 
Sons. Member Masonic Lodge. Baptist. Married Nannie B. 
Brown, November 9, 1939. Two children. Address: Route 1, 
Boone, N. C. 

ROBERT BRUCE ETHERIDGE 

Robert Bruce Etheridge, Democrat, Representative from Dare 
County, was born at Manteo, July 31, 1878. Son of Van Buren 
and Matilda Etheridge. Attended public schools of Manteo and 
Atlantic Collegiate Institute, Elizabeth City; A.B., Trinity College 
(now Duke University) 1899. Cashier Bank of Manteo 1907-1933. 
General Insurance. Clerk Superior Court, Dare County; Super- 
intendent of Schools; Member State Executive Committee, 1928- 
1952; Postmaster, Manteo, 1914-1922; County Chairman Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee. State Senator from Second District, 
190 7. Representative in General Assembly 1903, 190 5, 1929, 
1931, 1933, 1951, 1953, 1955 and 1957. Director of Conservation 



Biographical Sketches 521 

and Development 193 3 to May 1949. Member New York World's 
Fair Commission. Chairman Ex-officio Cape Hatteras National 
Seashore Commission. >\Iason, Treasurer Masonic Lodge twelve 
years; Junior Order; Woodmen of America; Red Men; Kappa 
Sigma (College fraternity.) Married Elizabeth Webb, April 2 2, 
1908. Address: Manteo, N. C. 

RICHARD FRANK EVERETT 

Richard Frank Everett, Democrat, Representative from Martin 
County, was born in Hamilton, N. C. Son of LeRoy and Maggie 
Jarvis (Davenport) Everett. Graduated from Oak City High 
School in 1937. Merchant, fertilizer dealer and peanut buyer; 
also engaged in farm equipment and insurance business. Past 
President Hamilton Ruritan Club; President Hamilton Lions 
Club; Post Commander Hamilton American Legion Club. Shriner. 
Served two terms as Town Commissioner and two terms as Mayor 
of Town of Hamilton. Captain, U. S. Marine Corps, 1939-1946. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 19 55 and 1957. Bap- 
tist; President of Young Men's Class. Married Delma Faye 
Everett, May 2, 1942. Three children. Address: Hamilton, N. C. 

JAMES CLYDE GAITHER 

James Clyde Gaither, Democrat, Representative from Transyl- 
vania County, was born in Mocksville, N. C. Son of Benjamin 
Arthur and Betty Ann (Shaw) Gaither. Attended Harmony High 
School, 1931; Lewis Hotel Training School, Washington, D. C, 
193 6; University of Chicago, 1948, certificate in restaurant man- 
agement; Army's Cooks' and Bakers' School, Fort Bragg, N. C, 
1933; Navy's Cooks' and Bakers' School, Jacksonville, Fla., 1943. 
Restaurant owner and manager. Member National Restaurant As- 
sociation; Vice President North Carolina Association of Quality 
Restaurants; Director WNC Highlanders since 1951. Member 
Brevard Elks Lodge; Brevard Moose Lodge; Woodmen of the 
World; Junior Order American Mechanics; American Legion; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars; WNC Historical Society; Brevard 
Chamber of Commerce, President, 1956; Vice President and Direc- 
tor, Brevard Rotary Club; Director Transylvania Industrial Cor- 
poration; Sponsor Transylvania Rural Development Program; 
Served in U. S. Navy as Bkrs.'l, 1943-1945. Representative in the 



522 NoKTH Carolina Manual 

General Assembly of 1957. Baptist. Children: James C. Gaither, 
Jr., Virginia Gail Gaither, Joyce Ann Gaither and Danny Hayes 
Gaither, all of Brevard. Address: 28 7 Maple Street, Brevard, 

N. C. 

FLEET US LEE GOHIJI.K 

Fleetus Lee Gobble, Democrat, Representative from Forsyth 
County, was born in Davidson County, N. C, January 1, 1891. 
Son of John H. and Frances (Foster) Gobble. Attended Public 
Schools Davidson County 1897-1910. Entered Atlanta Barber 
College January 2, 1911 and completed course. Barber. Barber 
and beauty school operator. Member Associated Master Barbers 
of America. President State Association Master Barbers 193 4- 
193 5. Member Educational and Legislative Committee since 1935. 
Member Wilson Democratic Club. Member of Chamber of Com- 
merce. Member House of Representatives, 1941, 194 3, 1945, 1949, 
1951, 1953, 1955 and 1957. Methodist; Treasurer 1926-1928; 
President Men's Bible Class 1925-1926; Board of Stewards 19 25- 
1932. Married Blanche Evans. Three children; Juanita, Dr. 
Fleetus L., Jr., and James F. Address: 1710 West Clemmonsville 
Road, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

GORDON HICKS GREENWOOD 

Gordon Hicks Greenwood, Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Black Mountain, N. C, July 3, 1909. 
Son of James Hicks and Louella (Ray) Greenwood. Attended 
Barnardsville High School, 19 24-19 28; N. C. State College, 19 28; 
Biltmore College, 1929-1930; University of Illinois, 1939-1941, 
B.S. Journalism; University of London, England, 1945. Owner 
and publisher of the Black Mountain, N. C. News. On faculty of 
Montreal College since 1952 offering course in journalism. Mem- 
ber North Carolina Press Association. Assistant Professor of 
Journalism, Boston University, 1951-1952; Manager of New Eng- 
land Weekly Press Association, 1951-1952. One of the organizers 
of the Asheville Agricultural Development Council. Member Kap- 
pa Tau Alpha; Gamma Thelta Phi; Black Mountain Lodge 663 
AF&AM; 3 2nd Degree Mason, Asheville; Asheville Chapter No. 
25, Royal Arch Masons; Ionic Council, No. 9, Royal and Select 
Masters; Cyrene Commandery, No. 5, Knights Templar. Psycholo- 



BioGHAPMicAr. Sketches 523 

gisr U. S. Army in Europe, 1943-1945. Methodist; Steward. Mar- 
ried Garnet Elizabeth Carder, March 8, 1941. Children: George 
Gordon, 11; Ricky Eugene, 9. Address: Black Mountain, N. C. 

CAKSOX GREGORY 

Carson Gregory, Democrat, Representative from Harnett Coun- 
ty, was born in that county, August 11, 1911. Son of Alex and 
Carra (Parrish) Gregory. Attended Campbell College one year. 
Farmer: dairyman; dealer in dairy cattle; interest in Carolina 
Auction Cattle Company; breeder Registered Spotted Poland 
China Swine; owner of Red Bird Cab Company; partner with 
Nassie Dorman in real estate business. Member Board of Direc- 
tors N. C. Spotted Poland China Breeders' Association; Vice 
President Harnett County Artificial Breeders' Association. Mem- 
ber of the Agricultural Foundation Inc. of N. C. State College; 
Coats Agricultural Planning Committee; Harnett County Agri- 
cultural Planning Committee; former Local AAA Committee of 
Harnett County for several years; made honorary member of the 
Future Farmers of America of the Coats Chapter in 19 56. Former 
Chairman and Vice-Chairman of Harnett County Farm Bureau; 
President of Harnett County Farm Bureau in 195 6 for fourth 
term; former member of Harnett County Kellogg Committee; 
Commissioner of Harnett County, December 1948 to December 
1950; Chairman of Coats P.T.A., 1956; District Finance Chair- 
man for the Boy Scouts Drive of Harnett County District of Oc- 
coneechee Council; Chairman Harnett County Finance Committee 
for the Boy Scouts, 19 56. Member W.O.W.; Erwin Lodge, J.O.U. 
A.M. Coats Lodge No. 417; Board of Trustees and Financial 
Secretary; Vice Council 18th District J.O.U. A.M. 195 6; appointed 
State Deputy Councilor of North Carolina Junior Order United 
American Mechanics, November 27, 1956. Mason, Angler Lodge 
No. 68 6, A.F. & A.M.; 3 2nd Degree Scottish Rite Mason; Sudan 
Temple; Dunn Shrine Club; Coats Fellowship Club. Representa- 
tive from Harnett County in General Assembly of 1951, 1953, 
1955, 1957. Baptist. Member Brotherhood of First Baptist 
Church, Coats. Married Blanche Williams, November 4, 1939. 
Three children: Carson Gregory, Jr., Joe Gregory and Frances 
Gregory. Address: Rt. 2, Angler, N. C. 



524 North Carolina Manual 

HERREHT WAIiLACE HAHDV 

Herbert Wallace Hardy, Democrat. Representative from Greene 
County, was born in Chatham County, July 24, 1919. Son of 
Herbert Seth and Mattie (Stevenson) Hardy. Attended Sanford 
Elementary Schools, 19 2*5-1931; Sanford High School, 1932- 
1936; University of North Carolina, 1937-1941. Farmer. Presi- 
dent of Class of 1941 at University; also permanent President of 
Class of 1941. Member Board of Trustees Elizabeth City State 
Teachers College; Board of Directors University of N. C. Alumni 
Association. Served in World War II as Staff Sergeant, 194 2- 
1945; Master Sergeant. 194 9-1952. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1957. Methodist; Trustee; Steward; Sunday School 
Teacher. Married Wilma C. Fry, February, 1946. Children: Her- 
bert Stevenson Hardy, John Carlton Hardy and Barbara Lynn 
Hardy. Address: Maury, N. C. 

JOHN McKENZIE HARGETT 

John McKenzie Hargett, Democrat, Representative from Jones 
County, was born in Jacksonville, N. C, July 15, 1899. Son of 
John Sandlin and Olivia (Steed) Hargett. Graduated from Tren- 
ton High School in 1917; University of North Carolina, 1917- 
1921, A.B. degree; also various summer schools. Farmer and 
service station owner. Served as high school teacher and prin- 
cipal for twenty-two years. Several times Vice-Chairman of Jones 
County P.M. A. Committee and former member F.H.A. Committee. 
Past member Blue Lodge Mason of Trenton and Royal Arch (7 
degrees) of New Bern. Member Clen Newton Smith Post of 
American Legion Number 15 4, Trenton, N. C; Trenton Rotary 
Club; Trenton Cotillion Club; County Chairman of Red Cross for 
1955. Veteran World War I; served in U. S. Army from October 
1, 1918 to December 11, 1918 while a student at University of 
North Carolina. Representative in the General Assembly of 1953, 
1955 and 1957. Methodist. Married Linda lona Thigpen, Sep- 
tember 11, 1942. Address: Route 2, Trenton. N. C. 

WILLIAM CLINTON HARRIS, JR. 

William Clinton Harris, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Wake County, was born in Raleigh, N. C, January 1, 1913. Son 



Biographical Sketches 525 

of William Clinton and Juliet Sutton (Crews) Harris. Attended 
Hugh Morson High School, Raleigh, N. C, 1929; Virginia Episco- 
pal School, 1929-30; University of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 
193 4; University of North Carolina Law School, 193 4-36. Lawyer. 
Meinber State Bar; North Carolina Bar Association; American 
Bar Association; Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity. Member Board 
of Trustees of University of North Carolina. United States Navy, 
1942-1946, Lieutenant Commander. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1957. Episcopalian. Married Jean Roslyn Ers- 
kine, July 25, 1945. Children: W. C. Harris, III, Malcolm E. 
Harris and Sarah P. Harris. Address: 124 North Lord Ashley 
Read, Raleigh, N. C. 

CLYDE HAMPTON HARRISS, SR. 

Clyde Hampton Harriss, Sr., Democrat, Representative from 
Rowan County, was born in Laurinburg, N. C, December 2, 1902. 
Son of T. W. and Cornelia Baldwin Harriss. Graduated from 
Laurinburg High School, 1919; Georgia Military Academy, 1921. 
Business connections: automobile finance; general insurance 
agency; farming; building supply; ice, fuel, gasoline products; 
Crescent Investment Company; Blue Ridge Insurance Company. 
Member N. C. Automobile Dealers Association, former Director; 
American Finance Conference, Director; N. C. Association of 
Automobile Finance Companies, Past President and Director; 
Salisbury Sales Executives Club, Past President; Red Cross 
Chairman for several years; Past President of Red Cross Chapter; 
County War Bond Chairman during World War II; Lions Club, 
Past President; Elks Club; The Sphinx Club of Raleigh; Salisbury 
Country Club: Blowing Rock Country Club; Salisbury Chamber 
of Commerce, Director; Y.M.C.A.; Mason; Knights of Pythias. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1955 and 1957. Luth- 
eran. Married Mildred Godfrey, December 10, 1927. Three chil- 
dren, two sons and one daughter. Address: Milford Drive, Milford 
Hills, Salisbury, N. C. 

SAMUEL GliBXN HAWFIELD 

Samuel Glenn Hawfield, Democrat, Representative from Union 
County, was born in that county, April 21, 1891. Son of William 
Dallas and Julia Drusilla (Houston) Hawfield. Attended Wesley 



526 NoHTii C.\u(ii.i\.\ Mam AT, 

Chapel High School, 1907-1911; Trinity College (now Duke Uni- 
versity), A. 13., 1915; University of North Carolina, Masters de- 
gree in Education, 192 6. Retired educator. Principal Wesley 
Chapel High School, 1948-1956; Principal of Union County High 
Schools, 1915-1919; Superintendent Monroe City Schools, 1919- 
1924; Principal Leaksville Elementary Schools, 1924-1927; Super- 
intendent Cabarrus County Rural Schools, 1927-1939; Superin- 
tendent Jackson Training School, 1942-1948. Author of "History 
of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School." 
Member North Carolina Education Association; President South 
Piedmont District N. C. E. A., 1935; President North Carolina 
Education Association, 1940-1941; President Union County His- 
torical Association since 1957; State Grange; Master Union Coun- 
ty Pomona Grange, 1956-1957; Executive Committee Boy Scouts 
of America, Central North Carolina Council and Holder of Silver 
Beaver Award; Chairman Union County Heart Fund Organiza- 
tion, 1958; Monroe Civitan Club, President, 1958-1959. Member 
Masonic Organization, including Monroe Lodge No. 244, Solomon 
of Silver Trowel Council No. 24, Monroe Chapter No. 6 4 and Malta 
Commandery No. 19; Eminent Commander of Cannon Command- 
ery. Concord, N. C, 1945. Member Central Methodist Church of 
Monroe; Board of Stewards; Chairman Commission on Evange- 
lism; Teacher Men's Bible Class; Sunday School Superintendent 
of Central Methodist Church of Concord, 1931-1939. Married 
Kate Clark of Union County, April 27, 1916. Children: S. Glenn 
Hawfield, Jr., Wm. Dallas Hawfield and Dr. Harold Houston Haw- 
field. Address: 60 4 West Franklin St., Monroe, N. C. 

JOHN TANNERY HENLEY 

John Tannery Henley, Democrat, Representative from Cumber- 
land County, was born in Wadesboro, N. C, August 10, 1921. Son 
of Frank C. and Melissa (Hamilton) Henley. Attended Mt. Vernon 
Goodwin Elementary School, 1929-1935; Cary High School, 1935- 
1939; University of North Carolina, B.S. in Pharmacy, 1943. 
Pharmacist, owner of Clinic Pharmacy in Hope Mills, N. C. Mem- 
ber North Carolina Pharmaceutical Association; National Associa- 
tion of Retail Druggists. Mayor, Town of Hope Mills, 1946-1952 
and member of Town Commission, 1952-1956. Member Kappa Psi 
Pharmacy Fraternity and Masonic Order. Staff Sergeant in U. S. 
Armv from November 1943 to December 1945; served in Europe 



BiOGKAi'jiicAL Sketches 527 

with Ninth Division. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1957. Methodist; Steward for ten years and Superintendent of 
Sunday School for four years. Married Rebecca Ann Boddingfield, 
July 28, 1943. Children: three sons, ages 7, 9, 11. Address: Box 
608, Hope Mills, N. C. 

THOMAS JOHXSOX HERHEKT 

Thomas Johnson Herbert, Democrat, Representative from Clay 
County, was born in Hayesville, N. C. Son of John C. and Octavia 
(Taylor) Herbert. Formerly with the North Carolina Highway 
Department for a number of years and now retired. Member of 
Clay Lodge No. 30, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. Methodist. 
Married Edna Evans, April 3, 1910. Two children. Address: 
Hayesville, N. C. 

ERNEST LEE HICKS 

Ernest Lee Hicks, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Ionia, Michigan, September 15, 1892. Son of 
John Thomas and Gazella (Clark) Hicks. Attended Ionia High 
School, Ionia, Michigan; Olivet College, Olivet, Michigan; Univer- 
sity of Michigan; Pre-Medical, University of Michigan. Automo- 
bile dealer until December 11, 1954; President, Pettit Motor Com- 
pany of Charlotte, N, C. Former member N. C. Automobile Dealers 
Association; National Automobile Dealers Association; Charlotte 
Automobile Dealers Association, Past President and Director; 
Member Legislative Committee Charlotte Merchants Association; 
Director Charlotte Chamber of Commerce; Member of Legislative 
Committee of N. C. Automobile Dealers Association, 19 50; Na- 
tional Ford Dealer Council, 1952. Member Joppa Lodge, No. 530- 
AF and AM, Past Master, 1930-1931; Carolina Consistory; Char- 
lotte Oasis Temple; Charlotte Executives Club; Charlotte City 
Club; Myers Park Country Club; Charlotte Rotary Club, Presi- 
dent, 1951-52' and member Board of Directors, 1949. Former 
Director Community Chest Board. Ensign, United States Naval 
Reserve Force, with active duty from October, 1917 to July 1919. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 19 53 and 19 57. Mem- 
ber Covenant Presbyterian Church; Deacon since 1927. Married 
Susan Garth Bible, May 3, 1920. Children: John Darwin Hicks; 



Hill of Catiuvba 
Hill of Duiiiam 

Holcombe of Madison 



Holcombe of Yancey 
Holmes of Perquimans 
Hortoii (if Cliatliam 



Hosteller of Hoke 

Humphrey of Guilford 
Hunt of Guilford 



Hunter of McDowell 
Isaac of Avery 

Jackson of Hertford 



Johnson of Duplin 
Jones of Ashe 
Jones of Pitt 



Jordan of Buncombe 
Kemp of Guilford 

Kennedy of Mecklenburg 




Biographical Sketches 529 

Marilee Clark Hicks (now Mrs. John N. McLaughlin); Suzanne 
Jones Hicks (now Mrs. James P. Richards). Address: 500 Clem- 
ent Avenue, Charlotte, N. C. 

LEWIS SNEED HIGH 

Lewis Sneed High, Democrat, Representative from Cumberland 
County, was born in Durham, N. C, August 13, 1915. Son of 
Sidney Raymond and Effie May (Newton) High. Attended Duke 
University; University of North Carolina; U. S. Military Academy; 
University of North Carolina Law School, 1939-41, LL.B. Lawyer. 
Member Cumberland County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar 
Association; American Bar Association; Chairman Cumberland 
County Board of Elections. Member Knights of Pythias; Rotary 
International; Director, Fayetteville Rotary Club, 1957-1958. 
Methodist. Married Antoinette G. Makely, February 21, 1942. 
Children: Sidney High, 15; Gregory High, 12; and Barbara High, 
1. Address: 1406 Summit Ave., Fayetteville, N. C. 

JAMES HENRY HILL, JR. 

James Henry Hill, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Catawba 
County, was born in Hickory, N. C, April 8, 1922. Son of James 
Henry and Sadie Bryan (Salvo) Hill. Attended Hickory High 
School, 1935-193 6, 193 8-1940; Capitol Page Boys' School, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1937; The Citadel, 1940-1942; Newberry College, 
1944; Northwestern University, 1944; Lenoir-Rhyne College, 
1942-1944, 1958-19&9, A.B. Operator, Hill's Barbecue and News- 
stand. Member North Carolina Restaurant Association, Director, 
1950-1954. Page Boy to Rep. A. L. Bulwinkle, 1937 U. S. Con- 
gress; Organizer, YDC in 10th Congressional District, 19 46; 
Chairman, 10th Congressional District, YDC, 1947; President, 
Catawba County YDC, 194 8-1949; Vice-Chairman, Catawba Coun- 
ty Democratic Party, 1950; Delegate, National Democratic Con- 
vention, 1952; Junior Chamber of Commerce (President, 1948- 
1949, State Director, 1949-1950); Lake Hickory Country Club; 
Lenoir Rhyne College Building Fund Committee; Hickory Toast- 
masters Club (Sergeant-at-Arms, 1956-1957); P.T.A. Pharmacist 
Mate 2nd Class, U. S. Navy, 19 43-1946. Member Gamma Beta 
Chi Fraternity; Elks Club; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American 
Legion (Vice Commander, 1947, and Head of Executive Commit- 



530 Noirrii Caroi.txa Maxi'al 

tee, 1947-1948); 40 and 8 Honor Society (Chaplain, 1950-1951). 
Presbyterian; member Presbyterian Men's Club; President, 
Usher's Guild, 1957-1958. Married Mavis Ailean Peace of High 
Point, August 28, 1943. One daughter, Mavis Helena, age 14. 
Address: 850 Fourth Street Drive, N.W., Hickory, N. C. 

WATTS HILIi, JR. 

Watts Hill, .Ir., Democrat, Representative from Durham Coun- 
ty, was born in Baltimore, Md., August 3. 1926. Son of George 
Watts and Anne (McCulloch) Hill. Attended Millbrook School, 
Millbrook, N. Y., 1938-1944; Princeton University; University of 
North Carolina, A.B. degree in economics. 19 47; Institute of 
Higher International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland, 1948. Banker; 
Vice President of Durham Bank & Trust Company. Director, Home 
Security Life Insurance Company and Security Savings & Loan 
Association. Member Southern Economic Association ; Robert 
Morris Associates; Financial Public Relations Association; Dur- 
ham Committee of 100; Durham Merchants Association; Junior 
Chamber of Commerce. Trustee N. C. Symphony Society; Direc- 
tor Aeronautical Electronics, and Carolinas United Red Feather 
Services. Member Durham City Council, 1955-1956. Rotarian. 
Served in U. S. Navy as Ensign, 1944-1946. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1957. Presbyterian. Married Mary Lamber- 
ton, July 22, 1946. One son, Watts Hill, III, age 8 and one 
daughter, Deborah L. Hill, age 5. Address: 1212* Hill Street, 
Durham, N. C. 

FRED HBRSCHEL HOIA OMRE 

Fred Herschel Holcombe, Democrat, Representative from Madi- 
son County, was born near Mars Hill, N. C, November 29, 1888. 
Son of Milas and Elzie Holcombe. Attended Mars Hill College. 
Undertaker. Member State Board of Funeral Directors. Operated 
mercantile business in Mars Hill for eighteen years. Postmaster 
at Mars Hill from 1934-194 9, retiring with fifteen years of serv- 
ice. Member Mars Hill Board of Aldermen, 1924-1930; Madison 
County Board of Education, 1930-1932. Member Vance Masonic 
Lodge Number 104. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1955. Baptist. Married Ellen Flo Holcombe. Seven children. 
Address: Route 1, Mars Hill, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 531 

HARLOX HOLCOMBE 

Harlon Holcombe, Democrat, Representative from Yancey 
County, was born in Mars Hill, N. C, February 1, 1917. Son of 
Fred H. and Kimmie (Davis) Holcombe. Attended Mars Hill High 
School, graduating in 1934; Gupton-Jones School of Embalming, 
graduating in 1935. Funeral director and embalmer; partner, 
Holcombe Brothers Funeral Home of Burnsville, N. C. Member 
N. C. Funeral Directors & Embalmers Ass'n. ; Burnsville Mens 
Club; Burnsville Town Council, 1948-195 2. Served in World War 
H from April, 1942 to December, 19 43 as Corporal, Medical De- 
partment. Member Bald Creek Masonic Lodge No. 39 7, Master, 
195 3; Bald Creek Chapter No. 56 Royal Arch Masons, High 
Priest. 1952; Bald Creek Chapter No. 276 O.E.S., Worthy Patron, 
1955. Representative in the General Assembly of 1957. Presby- 
terian; Elder since 1954. Married Alma Robinson, April, 1947. 
Children: Jean Annette Holcombe, 10 and Patti Lynn Hol- 
combe, 3. Address: Burnsville, N. C. 

CARROLL RANSOM HOLMES 

Carroll Ransom Holmes Democrat, Representative from Perqui- 
mans County, was born in Benson, N. C, August 6, 1902. Son of 
John William and Emily Wilmouth (Britt) Holmes. Attended 
Fork Union Military Academy, 1921-192 2; Wake Forest College, 
B.S., Civics, 1926; University of North Carolina Law School, 1926- 
1928. Lawyer. Member, N. C. State Bar; North Carolina Bar 
Association and American Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney. 
Perquimans County Recorder's Court, 1943-1944. Member, Per- 
quimans Lodge, A. P. & A.M. No. 10 6, Jr. and Sr. Warden and 
Secretary; York Rite Masonic Bodies, Elizabeth City, N. C. Direc- 
tor, Hertford Rotary Club, President, 19 53-19 54; Elizabeth City 
Executives Club. Representative in the General Assembly of 1951 
1953, 1955 and 1957. Baptist; Chairman, Board of Deacons, 
1949, 1950, 1951. Married Hannah Mae Fleetwood, June 12, 192'9. 
One daughter, Catherine Anne; one son, John W., IH. Address: 
Hertford, N. C. 

HARRY FERRYMAN HORTON 

Harry Perryman Horton, Democrat, Representative from 
Chatham County, was born in Durham, N. C, April 12. 1920. Son 



532 North Cakolina Ma>-ual 

of Wilkins Perrymau and Cassandra (IMendenhall) Horton. At- 
tended Virginia Episcopal School, Lynchburg, Virginia, 1937- 
1939; University of North Carolina, LL.B., 1949. Lawyer. At- 
torney for Town of Pittsboro, 19 50; Secretary County Board of 
Elections, 1950; County Solicitor, 1954-1958; National Commit- 
teeman, YDC, 195 3. Member Sigma Alpha Epsilon; Mason (Co- 
lumbus Lodge 102); Past Master Masonic Lodge (1957). Staff 
Sergeant, U. S. Army, 194 2-19 45. Methodist; Church Treasurer, 
1953-1954; Sunday School Teacher, 1956-1958; Lay Speaker, 
1955-1958; Lay Leader, 1958. Married Doris Goerch, December 
22, 1945. Children: Sibyl Cassandra Horton, Harry Perryman Hor- 
ton, Jr., and Doris Goerch Horton. Address: Pittsboro, N. C. 

CHARLES ANDERSON HOSTETLER 

Charles Anderson Hostetler, Democrat, Representative from 
Hoke County, was born in Raleigh, N. C, August 14, 1924. Son 
of Earl Henry and Mildred (Anderson) Hostetler. Attended 
Needham Broughton High School, graduating in 1942; Wake 
Forest College; Wake Forest College Law School, LL.B., 1949. 
Lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; 12th 
District Bar, Past President; Past President of Raeford Kiwanis 
Club. Chief Deputy Insurance Commissioner for North Carolina 
Insurance Department, 19 52-1955. Member Kappa Alpha Order 
and Phi Delta Phi. Served in World War II as Private First 
Class, 1943-1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1957. Baptist; Deacon. Married Anne Gore, June 27, 1953. Two 
sons, Charles Anderson Hostetler, Jr., and Earl Henry Hostetler, 
II. Address: Raeford, N. C. 

HUBERT BEN HUMPHREY, JR. 

Hubert Ben Humphrey, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Guilford County, was born in Charlotte, N. C, October 1, 1928. 
Son of H. B., Sr., and Leila M. (Dees) Humphrey. Attended Mars 
Hill College; Wake Forest College, A.B., 1948; University of 
North Carolina, Law School, J.D., 1951. Lawyer. Member North 
Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association; Greensboro 
Bar Association; Order of the Coif; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fratern- 
ity; Sigma Pi; Phi Beta Kappa; Omicrom Delta Kappa. Editor- 
in-Chief, North Carolina Law Review, 1950-1951. Lavvr clerk to 



Biographical Sketches 533 

Judge John J. Parker, United States Court of Appeals, 19 51; 
President, Greensboro Junior Cliamber of Commerce, 1956-1957. 
Baptist. Single. Mailing address: P. O. Box 569; Residence, 
160 2 Colonial Avenue, Greensboro, N. C. 

JOSEPH »L\RVIN HUNT, JR. 

Joseph Marvin Hunt, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in Greensboro, N. C, October 19, 1906. 
Son of Joseph M., Sr., and Pattie (Kirkman) Hunt. Attended 
Riverside Military Academy, graduating in 1924; Duke Univer- 
sity. General insurance business. Vice President, Wimbish In- 
surance Agency. Member Greensboro Association of Insurance 
Agents; Greensboro Chamber of Commerce; Duke University 
Athletic Council; former Mayor Pro Tern, Town of Hamilton 
Lakes; Greensboro Special School Board; Kiwanis Club; A & T 
College Board; Chairman Municipal Study Commission. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1953, 1955 and 1957. Meth- 
odist; member Board of Stewards, Muir's Chapel Methodist 
Church, 1948-1950, 1956-58. Married Grace Boren, October 2^1, 
1933. Children: Joseph M. Hunt, III, born July 2, 1939; Etta 
Elizabeth Hunt, born August 18, 1947. Address: 3308 Starmount 
Drive, Greensboro, N. C. 

LOUIS PENN HUNTER, SR. 

Louis Penn Hunter, Sr., Democrat, Representative from Mc- 
Dowell County, was born in Greensboro, N. C, November 12, 
1906. Son of Nathan Samuel Hunter and Bessie Bdgerton Hunter. 
Attended Guilford County Schools; Blackstone Military Academy, 
1925-1927; High Point College, 1928. Florist. Member Marion 
Rotary Club, former Director, Vice President and President; Mc- 
Dowell County Chamber of Commerce, Director, 1957-1958; 
Marion-McDowell Merchant's Association, former President and 
Director; N. C. Florist Association, Director, 1949; Southeastern 
Florist Association; Vice President Black Mountain Junior Cham- 
ber of Commerce, 1947; President North Carolina Telegraph De- 
livery Service, 1948; Chairman United Fund, 1955-1956; Chair- 
man Marion Christmas Parade, 1951-1957; Treasurer Young 
Democratic Club, 1946-1948. Mason, Scottish Rite, Oasis Shrine 
Temple; Order of Eastern Star; Loyal Order of Moose. Baptist; 



534 NoKTii Cai;()i.i.\a Mamai. 

Cuptodian First Baptist Cliurch of Marion. 1956. Married Lucy 
Turner Coolve, August 22, 1953. Cliildren: Two stepsons, Johnny 
Cooke and Robert Carl Hunter; one son, Louis Penn Hunter, Jr. 
Address: Marion, N. C. 

MA( K STEWART ISAAC 

JMaclv Stewart Isaac. Republican, Representative from Avery 
County, was born in Newland, N. C, May 28, 1921. Son of Ben- 
jamin H. and Loretta (Banner) Isaac. Attended Newland High 
School, Class of 1939; Lees-McRae College. Farmer. Technical 
Sergeant, 101st Airborne Division, 1943-1945. Member American 
Legion. Presbyterian; Deacon, 1941-58. Single. Address: New- 
land, N. C. 

liOGER KAY JA( KSOX, JR. 

Roger Ray Jackson, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Hert- 
ford County, was born in Louisburg, N. C, March 20, 1928. Son 
of Roger Ray and Kathaleen (Murphy) Jackson. Attended public 
schools in Jackson, Harrellsville and High Point, 193 4-1945; 
Wake Forest College, A.B., 1951. While at Wake Forest was 
President of Little Theater for one year, a member of Alpha Psi 
Omega, Presidents Club, Philomothesian Literary Society, and 
announcer for Radio Station WFDD. Taught school at Harrells- 
ville for one year. Cashier, Bank of Harrellsville since 1953. 
Member American Bankers' Association; North Carolina Bankers 
Association; Young Bankers Division, North Carolina Bankers 
Association; North Carolina Farm Bureau Federation; Executive 
Committee Hertford County Historical Association; Executive 
Committee Hertford County Peace Officers Association; Harrells- 
ville Volunteer Fire Department, Secretary-Treasurer two years; 
Board of Commissioners Town of Harrellsville, 1954-1956; Mayor 
Town of Harrellsville, 1956-1958; former Secretary, Vice Presi- 
dent and President of Hertford County Young Democratic Club; 
Vice President North Carolina Young Democrats Club, 1957. 
Member Roanoke-Chowan Sports Club; Mill Neck Gun Club; 
Cypress Boating Club. Pharmacist Mate 3rd Class In United 
States Navy, 1946-1947. Baptist; Deacon; Teacher Men's Bible 
Class. Married Alma Barber of Clarkton, N. C, October 3, 19 53. 
Children: Maurice, age 4 and Eric, age 2. Address: Harrellsville, 
N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 535 

HUGH STEWART JOHNSON, JR. 

Hugh Stewart Johnson, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Duplin County, was born in Rose Hill, N. C, December 12, 1920. 
Son of Hugh S., Sr. and Ethel (Southerland) Johnson. Attended 
Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1937; Mottes Business School of 
Wilmington, N. C, 1938. Retail hardware merchant. Member 
Town Commission of Rose Hill, 1947-1949. Received Man of the 
Year Award from English-Brown Post No. 9161 Veterans of 
Foreign Wars, Wallace, N. C, 195 6. Member Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons; Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Free 
Masonry; Master Rehobeth Lodge No. 279 A. F. & A. M., Rose 
Hill, N. C, 1953. Served as a naval aviator for three years in 
United States Naval Reserve with rank of Lieutenant (jg). 
Representative in the General Assembly, Extra Session of 195 6 
and Regular Session of 1957. Presbyterian; Deacon since 1940. 
Married Evelyn Furr in 1944. Five children. Address: Rose Hill, 
N. C. 

ROBERT AUSTIN JONES 

Robert Austin Jones, Democrat, Representative from Ashe 
County, was born at Clifton, N. C, May 17, 190 6. Son of Jacob 
Thomas and Laura (Mahaffey) Jones. Attended Jefferson High 
School, Jefferson, N. C. Automobile dealer. President G-F-P 
Chevrolet Co., Inc.; President Ashe Industrial Interprises; Direc- 
tor Ashe Industrial Development Corp. Member N. C. Automobile 
Dealers Association; Charlotte Zone Dealer Planning Committee; 
Area Chairman N. C. Automobile Dealers Association, 19 54; Di- 
rector Ashe County Development Corporation; Ashe County Wel- 
fare Board; Ashe County Board of Education, 193 6 and 1938; 
Chairman Riverview High School Committee, 1942-1947; Presi- 
dent Jefferson Rotary Club, 19 5 5. Mason and Odd Fellow. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1957. Methodist; Steward. 
Married Lessie Halsey, December 3, 192'4. One daughter, Norma 
Jones Freeman. Address: West Jefferson, N. C. 

WALTER BEAMAN JONES 

Walter Beaman Jones, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Fayetteville, N. C, August 19, 1913. Son of 



53G XdiM u Cakoi.i.na Mamiaf. 

Walter G. and Fannie M. (Anderson) Jones. Attended Elise Acad- 
emy, 1926-1930; North Carolina State College, B.S. in Education, 
1934. Office equipment dealer. Member Board of Commissioners, 
Town of Farmville, 1947-1949; Mayor Pro-tem, 1947-1949; 
Mayor Town of Farmville and Judge Farmville Recorder's Court, 
1949-1953. jMember Masonic Lodge; Rotary Club, President, 
1949; Loyal Order of Moose; Junior Order. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 195 5 and 195 7. Baptist; Deacon since 
1945. Married Doris Long, April 26, 1934. Children: Mrs. James 
B. Fountain and Walter B. Jones, 11. Address: Farmville, N. C. 

JOHN YATES JORDAN, JR. 

John Vates Jordan, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe Countj^ was born in Elizabethton, Tenn., June 8, 1896. 
Son of John Yates and Meena (Smith) Jordan. Attended Asheville 
High School, 1910-1914; Mars Hill College, 1914-1915; University 
of North Carolina, 1915-1918, 1920-19 21; University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1917-1918, 19 20-19 21. Lawyer. Served as 
American Vice Counsul, Brest, France, 1918-1920. Member Bun- 
combe County, North Carolina and American Bar Associations; 
International Association of Insurance Counsel; Commercial Law 
League of America; American Judicature Society, Phi Delta Phi. 
President Buncombe County Bar Association, 1936. Chairman 
Asheville Boxing Commission, 1932-1939 and 1943-1952. Member 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Asheville Lodge No. 
1401; Mount Hermbn Lodge No. 118 A.F. & A.M.; Asheville Con- 
sistory A. & A.S.R.; Oasis Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. Potentate Oasis 
Temple, 19 49. Representative in the General Assembly of 19 53, 
1955 and 1957. Baptist. Addresses: Office, 603-606 Jackson 
Bldg.; Mailing, P. O. Box 1448; Residence, 8 6 Midland Drive, 
Asheville, N. C. 

CLARENCE EDWAKD KEIVIP 

Clarence Edward Kemp, Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in High Point, N. C, August 24, 1921. Son 
of William Thomas and Etta (Dailey) Kemp. Attended High 
Point High School, graduating in 1938; Duke University for two 
years; High Point College for two years, graduating in 1948. 
President and principal stockholder of Kemp Recreation, Inc., 



Biographical Sketches 537 

operating bowling establisliments in Higli Point, Winston-Salem 
and Asheboro. Past President Bowling Proprietors Association 
of North Carolina; Director Bowling Proprietors Association of 
America. Former newspaperman for ten years, serving as staff 
writer for the Greensboro Daily News and the High Point Enter- 
prise; editor of Camp Lejeune Globe while on duty with Marine 
Corps during Korean War. Served in World War II with U. S. 
Marine Corps, 1942-19 4 6, including service in the South Pacific 
as Combat Intelligence Officer; recalled to active duty during 
Korean War and released in 195 2 with rank of Captain. Member 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 19 57. Methodist. Married Jessie Dean Rus- 
sell, December 4, 1949. Two sons, Allan Dean Kemp, age five and 
Jon Edward Kemp, age three. Address: 624 Westwood, High 
Point. N. C. 

JOHN PRESSLY KENNEDY, JR. 

John Pressly Kennedy, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Mecklenburg County was born in Charlotte, N. C, August 1. 1922'. 
Son of Dr. John P. and Mary (Boyce) Kennedy. Attended Char- 
lotte Public School, graduating from Charlotte Central High 
School, 1940; Harvard University, B.S., 1943; Cambridge Uni- 
versity (England), A.B. and M.A., 1943; University of North 
Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1950. Lawyer; partner in firm 
of Craighill, Rendleman, and Kennedy. Member N. C. Bar As- 
sociation; American Bar Association; Phi Delta Phi, legal 
fraternity. Served in United States Army, 1943-1946; now a 
member of the Army Reserve with rank of Captain. Member 
Christ Episcopal Church, Charlotte. Married Barbara Whitby, 
December 2 2, 1949. Children: Lionel and Christopher. Mailing 
address: 60 9 Law Building, Charlotte, N. C. 

JOHN KERR, JR. 

John Kerr, Jr., Democrat. Representative from Warren County, 
was born in Warrenton, N. C. Son of John H. and Lillian (Foote) 
Kerr. Attended Warrenton Public Schools until 1917; A.B., Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1921; attended Wake Forest College 
Law School, 1923. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion. Private in World War I. Representative in the General As- 



Kerr of Warren 
Klser of Scotland 
Lackey of Alexander 



Leatherman of Lincoln 
Lloyd of Graham 
Long of Alamance 



McLaughlin of Iredell 
Murphrey of Halifax 
Murphy of Pender 



>«ewnian of Sampson 


„ 'Jf«#»^ 


O'Neal of Hyde 




w •»i»5P^ Y 


Palmer of Cleveland 



Patterson of Stanly 
Phelps of Washington 
Philpott of Davidson 



Powell of Rockingham 
Quinn of Cabarrus 
Raby of Macon 




Biographical Sketches 539 

sembly from Edgecombe County in 19 2'9 and from Warren 
County in 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949 and 1957. Speaker, 
1943. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1955. Chairman 
Warren County Democratic Executive Committee since 193 2. 
Baptist. Married Mary Hinton Duke. One son, John Kerr, III. 
Address: Warrenton, N. C. 

ROGER CLINTON KISER 

Roger Clinton Kiser, Democrat, Representative from Scotland 
County, was born in Yadkin Township, Stokes County, August 30, 
18 94. Son of Edwin Kiser and Amy Florence (Butner) Kiser. 
Attended public and private schools in Stokes County; Piedmont 
High School, Cleveland County; Guilford College; University of 
North Carolina; Teachers College of Columbia University. Teacher 
and farmer. Mason; Legionnaire. Member Christian Church. 
Representative from Scotland County in the General Assembly of 
1949, 1951, 1953, 1955 and 19 57. Married Gertrude Margaret 
Bedell, Ridgewood, N. J., August 14, 1926. Two children: Mrs. 
Philip J. Crutchfield and Edwin Marten Kiser. Address: 318 
Vance Street, Laurinburg, N. C. 

PLEAS LACKEY 

Please Lackey, Democrat, Representative from Alexander 
County, was born in that county, March 29, 1906. Son of Edwin 
Everette Lackey (deceased) and Jane Adline (Sharpe) Lackey. 
Attended Hiddenite High School, graduating in 19 24; King's 
Business College. Manager of Murdock Chair Mfg. Corp. County 
Precinct Chairman. Member American Legion; Veterans of 
Foreign Wars. Corporal in United States Air Force, 194 2-194 5. 
Baptist. Married Clarice Allen, May 21, 1928. Address: Hidden- 
ite, N. C. 

MARVIN T. LEATHERMAN 

Marvin T. Leatherman, Democrat, Representative from Lincoln 
County, was born in that county, March 30, 1896. Son of Frank- 
lin J. and Parthena (Wesson) Leatherman. Attended public 
schools of Lincoln County; Piedmont High School, Lawndale, 
N. C; Rutherford College; law course. Wake Forest College. 



540 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

Lawyer. Member, North Carolina State Bar Association; Liu- 
colnton Bar Association. Clerk Superior Court, Lincoln County, 
1924-1930; Attorney, Lincoln County, 1930-1946. Knights of 
Pythias; Lincolnton Kiwanis Club, President, 1946. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly of 1949; State Senator in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 19 51. Baptist; Deacon; taught Men's Bible Class 
for past twenty years. Married Mattie Tinman, January 24, 1924. 
One daughter: Marguerite Leatherman. Address: Lincolnton, 
N. C. 

LEONARD WALTER LLOYD 

Leonard Walter Lloyd, Democrat, Representative from Graham 
County, was born in Robbinsville, N. C, April 2'5, 1923. Son of 
Clyde C. and Icie C. (West) Lloyd. Attended Robbinsonville Ele- 
mentary School, 1929-1936; Robbinsville High School, 1936-1941; 
Duke University, A.B., 1951; Emory University Law School, LL.B., 
1953. Lawyer, Member N. C. State Bar; N. C. Bar Association; 
Graham County Chamber of Commerce; Robbinsville Lions Club; 
Delta Theta Phi. Sergeant, United States Marine Corps, 1942- 
1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 1957. Baptist. 
Married Berniece Adams, August 11, 1945. Children: Carolyn 
Inez Lloyd, age six and Pricella Lynn Lloyd, age three. Address: 
Robbinsville. N. C. 

GEORGE ATTMORE LONG 

George Attmore Long, Democrat, Representative from Ala- 
mance County, was born in Graham, North Carolina, March 10, 
1911. Son of J. Dolph and Hannah (Attmore) Long. Attended 
Graham Public Schools, 1919-1926. A.B. degree, University of 
North Carolina, 1930; LL.B. degree, 1932. Attorney at law. Mem- 
ber American Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; 
North Carolina State Bar; President, Alamance Bar Association, 
1950; Chairman, Burlington Planning Board, 1950-1951. Solici- 
tor, Alamance General County Court, 1943-1946; Judge 1948- 
1950. Member Phi Beta Kappa Fraternity. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1951, 1953, 1955 and 1957. Episcopalian. 
Married Helen Brooks Long, October 16, 1937. Children: James 
Eugene Long, Hannah Elizabeth Long, and Julia Margaret Long. 
Address: 1201 West Davis Street, Burlington, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 541 

JOHN KOIIIJIXS McLAUGHI.IN 

John Robbins McLaughlin, Democrat, Representative from 
Iredell County, was born in Statesville, N. C, November 19, 1906. 
Son of Richard B. and Maude (Robbins) McLaughlin. Attended 
Statesville High School and Oak Ridge Military Institute, 19 21- 
1925; Wake Forest Law School, 1931-1932. Lawyer. Statesville 
City Attorney, 1932-1935; Iredell County Attorney, 1935-1941. 
National Committeeman Young Democratic Clubs of North Caro- 
lina, 1939-1940. Member N. C. Department of Conservation and 
Development, 193 6-1941; Knights of Pythias; Elks Club; Moose 
Club. Veteran of World War II. Member of American Legion; 
40 and 8. Representative in the General Assembly of 1941 and 
State Senator, 1947. Presbyterian. Married Sarah Johnston. No- 
vember 26, 1932. Children: John R. McLaughlin, Jr., Sarah John- 
ston McLaughlin, William Johnston McLaughlin and Mary John- 
ston McLaughlin. Address: Statesville, N. C. 



WILLIS EVEKETTE MURPHREY, lU 

Willis Everette Murphrey, III, Democrat, Representative from 
Halifax County, was born in Roanoke Rapids, N. C, June 19, 
1928. Son of Willis E., Jr. and Alice Stancell (Buffaloe) Mur- 
phrey. Attended Roanoke Rapids High School; Wake Forest Col- 
lege, B.S. degree, 1952; Wake Forest College Law School, LL.B. 
degree, 1957. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Association; 
American Bar Association; Pi Kappa Alpha social fraternity; 
Phi Alpha Delta legal fraternity. Sergeant U. S. Army, 1952- 
1954. Member First Chirstian Church of Roanoke Rapids. Mar- 
ried Mae Yvonne Britt, August 17, 1957. One son, Willis Everette 
Murphrey, IV. Address: 922 Hamilton Street, Roanoke Rapids, 
N. C. 

ASHLEY MONROE MURPHY 

Ashley Monroe Murphy, Democrat, Representative from Pender 
County, was born in Atkinson, N. C, August 14, 1909. Son of 
John Alexander, Sr. and Mary (Campbell) Murphy. Graduated 
from Atkinson High School, 19 26. Attended N. C. State College, 
1930; University of North Carolina; Emory University, A.B., 
LL.B. 1934. Farmer and insurance dealer. Member Alpha 



542 North Carolina Manual 

Lambda Tau Social Fraternity; Elks Club; Atkinson Ruritan 
Club, Secretary, 19 50-1952; American Legion Post No. 165; Vet- 
erans of Foreign Wars Post No. 99 61. Trustee Greater University 
of North Carolina; Director and Vice President N. C. Agricultural 
Foundation; member State Government Reorganization Commis- 
sion; Educational Advisor Boy Scouts of America. Sergeant, U. 
S. Army, January 19, 1942 to December 5, 19 45, serving in Africa 
and Italy with 1st Armored Division, 27th F. A. Chairman Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee of Pender County and member State 
Democratic Executive Committee. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1953, 1955 and 1957. Presbyterian; Elder. 
Married Alice Hill Reeves, January IS, 1947. One daughter: 
Priscilla Katherine Murphy. Address: Atkinson, N. C. 

MARSHALL THOMAS NEAOIAN 

Marshall Thomas Newman, Democrat, Representative from 
Sampson County, was born in Belvoir Township, Sampson County, 
October 8, 1912. Son of Edwin Carraway and Emma Ethel (Gale) 
Newman. Attended Clinton Grammar School, 1918-19 26; Salem- 
burg High School, 1927-1931; N. C. State College, 1931-1932. 
Farmer. Chairman Sampson County Commissioners, 1952-1958. 
Member Grange and Farm Bureau. Served on Township A.S.C. 
Committee; President Artificial Breeders Association, 1948-1949; 
Vice President Cumberland-Sampson Telephone Membership 
Corporation, 1956-1959. Member Masonic Lodge Coharie 379 of 
Salemburg, Senior Warden, 1943, Master Warden, 1944. Seaman 
1st Class, U. S. Navy, 193 2-193 4. Member First Methodist Church 
of Clinton; Steward; President Fred C. Packer Sunday School 
Class, 1953. Married Isabelle Butler, December 26, 1931. Chil- 
dren: Marshall Joseph Newman, Edwin Carraway Newman, Bru- 
nell McPhail Newman and Ernest Hilton Newman. Address: 
Routel, Clinton, N. C. 

DICIC O'NEAL 

Dick O'Neal, Democrat, Representative from Hyde County, was 
born in New Holland, N. C, July 15, 1922. Son of Leslie and 
Irene (Sadler) O'Neal. Hotel manager and wholesale seafood 
dealer. Member National Fisheries Institution. Tar Heel of Week, 
November, 1955. Shriner, Sudan Temple. Served in World War 



Biographical Sketches 543 

II as Seaman 1/c, October 23, 1943 to January 20, 1946. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly, Extra Session of 195 6 and 
Regular Session of 1957. Episcopalian. Married Daphne H. Duke, 
June 1, 1945. Children: Richard Duke O'Neal and Edward Alan 
O'Neal. Address: New Holland, N. C. 

WIIiLIAM JACKSON PALMER 

William Jackson Palmer, Democrat, Representative from Cleve- 
land County, was born in Shelby, N. C, May 8, 1918. Son of 
Valentine Jackson and Ellen Durham (Corbett) Palmer. Attended 
University of Houston, B.S., 1939. Funeral director. Member 
Shelby