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Full text of "North Carolina manual [serial]"

ii««ii.€&aOLI!m 





THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 



THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROUNLVNA 



C 917.05 

N87m 

c,2 



UNIVERSITY OF N.C. AT CHAPEL HILL 



000 



7482591 



This book may be kept out one month unless a recall 
notice is sent to you. It must be brought to the North 
Carolina Collection (in Wilson Library) for renewal. 



Form No. A-369 



NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1961 




Issued by 

Thad Eiire 

Secretary of State 

Raleigh 



19 6 1 

JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL 

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TO THE 

1961 MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 



TO THE 

STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND TOWN OFFICIALS 



AXD TO THE 

PEOPLE OF THE OLD NORTH STATE 
AT HOME AND ABROAD 



THIS MANUAL IS RESPECTFULLY 
DEDICATED 




Secretary of State 



Printed by 
OWEN G. DUNN CO. 

New Bern, N. C, U. S. A. 



CONTENTS 

PART I 

HISTORICAL 

Page 

The State 3 

The State Capitol 15 

The State House 18 

Chief Executives of North Carolina 

Governors of Virginia 19 

Executives under the Proprietors-l 19 

Governors under the Crown 20 

Governors Elected by the Legislature 21 

Governors Elected by the People 22 

List of Lieutenant Governors 25 

The State Flag 27 

The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence 28 

The Great Seal of North Carolina 30 

The State Bird 33 

The Halifax Resolution 34 

Name of State and Nicknames 35 

The State Motto 35 

The State Colors . 36 

The State Flower ^ 36 

The State's Most Famous Toast 36 

Public Holidays in North Carolina 37 

Population of the State since 1675 ; 38 

State Song 39 

The Constitution of North Carolina 41 

The American's Creed 81 

The American Flag 

Origin 81 

Proper Displav 83 

Pledge to the' Flag ^_ 88 

The National Capitol 89 

Declaration of Independence 92 

Constitution of the United States . 97 

PART II 

CENSUS 

Eighteenth Census, 19 60 

Population of State 121 

Population of Counties 122 

Population of Cities and Towns 

Incorporated places of 10,000 or more : 122 

Incorporated places of 2,500 to 10,000 : 123 

Incorporated places of 1,000 to 2,500 123 

A Incorporated places of less than 1,000 125 

?^ Population of United States, 1960 : 128 



"VI Noinii Cai;()L1.\a Manual 

I'Airr III 

rOLlTlCAL Pagk 

Congressional Districts 131 

Juditial Districts 131 

Solicitorial Districts 133 

Senatorial Districts and Apportionment of Senators 136 

Apiiortionment of Members of the House of Representatives^ 138 

State Democratic Platform 139 

Plan of Organization of the State Democratic Party 151 

Committees of the Democratic Party 

State Democratic Executive Committee 166 

Congressional District Executive Committees 170 

Judicial District Executive Committees 174 

Senatorial District Executive Committees 179 

State Democratic Solicitorial District 

Executive Committees 182 

Chairmen of the County Executive Committees 186 

County Vice-Chairmen 188 

State Republican Platform 191 

Plan of Organization of the State Republican Party 203 

Committees of the Republican Party 

State Republican Executive Committee 212 

Congressional, Judicial and Senatorial 

District Committees 215 

Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of the County 

Executive Comijiittees 215 

PART IV 

ELECTION RETURNS 

Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States, 1960 221 

Popular Vote for President by States, 1944-1956 222 

Vote for President by Counties, 1940-1960 224 

Vote for Governor by Counties, Primaries, 1960 227, 229 

Vote for Governor by Counties, 

General Elections, 1940-1960 230 

Vote for State Officials, Democratic 

Primaries, 1952-1956 233 

Vote for State Officials by Counties, Primary, 1960 235 

Total Votes Cast, — General Election, 1956-1960 240 

Vote for Governor in Democratic Primaries, 1936-1960 242 

Vote for Congressmen in Democratic Primaries, 1960 243 

Vote for Congressmen in Republican Primary, 1960 245 

Vote for Congressmen in Special Election, 19 60 246 

Vote for Members of Congress, 1946-1960 247 

Vote for United States Senators in Primaries, 1944-1956 259 

Vote for United States Senators in 

General Elections, 1944-1958 260 

Vote for United States Senator, Democratic Primary, 1960 261 

Vote for United States Senator, General Election, 1960 263 

Vote in Special Election on the Question of 

Issuance of Bonds, October 27, 1959 264, 268 

Vote on Prohibition. 1881, 1908, 1933 272 



Contents ■ VII 

PART V 
GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 

Page 

Agencies, Boards and Commissions 275 

Nortii Carolina Institutions 
Correctional 

White 303 

Negro 303 

Educational 

White 304 

Negro 312 

Mental 

White 316 

Negro 317 

Hospitals 

White 317 

Confederate Woman's Home 319 

Examining Boards 320 

State Owned Railroads 329 

PART VI 
LEGISLATURE 

The General Assembly 

Senate 

Officers 333 

Senatoi-s (Arranged Alphabetically) 333 

Senators (Arranged by Districts) 334 

Rules 335 

Standing Committees 349 

Seat Assignments 355 

House of Representatives 

Officers 356 

Members (Arranged Alphabetically) 356 

Members (Arranged by Counties) 358 

Enrolling and Indexing Departments 3 59 

Rules 360 

Standing Committees 376 

Seat Assignments ■_ 391 

PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Elective Executive Officials 397 

Administrative Officials appointed by the Governor 408 

Administrative Officials appointed by Department Heads, 
Boards or Commissions (Subject to approval by 

the Governor) 424 

Administrative Officials appointed by Department Heads, 

Boards or Commissions (With no approving authority)- 439 



VTTT Xoinii Cakoi.ina Manual 

Page 

I'liited States Senators 450 

Rei>iesentatives in Congress 453 

Justices of the Supreme Court 463 

.Members of the General Assembly 

Senators 469 

Reprt^sentatives 505 

Ociupational and Professional Classification 574 

PAKT Mil 
OFFICIAL REGISTER 

United States Government 

President and Vice-President 581 

Cabinet Members 581 

North Carolina Senators and Representatives in Congress 581 

United States Supreme Court Justices 581 

United States District Court 

Judges 581 

Clerks 581 

District Attorneys 581 

Governors of the States and Territories 58 2 

State Government 

Legislative Department 583 

Executive Department 583 

Judicial Department 583 

Administrative Department 584 

State Institutions 586 

Heads of Agencies other than State 587 

County Government 588 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

State Capitol 16 

State Flag 26 

State Seal 31 

State Bird 32 

State Song (Words and Music) 39 

Map of North Carolina 78 

The American Flag 80 

Map Showing Congressional Districts 134, 135 

Map Showing Senatorial Districts 198, 199 

Seating Diagram of Senate Chamber 354 

Seating Diagram of House of Representatives 392 

Pictures 

Governor : 396 

State Officers : — 401 

Senators and Congressmen __451, 456 

Justices of the Supreme Court 462 

State Senators 470, 480, 492 

;\Iembers of the House of Representatives 

506, 514. 526, 536, 546, 554, 566, 573 



PART I 
HISTORICAL 



THE STATE 

North Carolina, often called the "Tar Heel" state, was the scene 
of the first attempt to colonize America by English-speaking peo- 
ple. Under a charter granted to Sir Walter Raleigh by Queen 
Elizabeth, a colony was begun in the 1580's on Roanoke Island. 
This settlement, however, was unsuccessful and later became known 
as "The Lost Colony." 

The first permanent settlement was made about 1650 by immi- 
grants from Virginia. In 1663 Charles II granted to eight Lords 
Proprietors a charter for the territory lying "within six and 
thirty degrees of the northern latitude, and to the west as far as 
the south seas, and so southerly as far as the river St. Mattias, 
which bordereth upon the coast of Florida, and within one and 
thirty degrees of northern latitude, and so west in a direct line as 
far as the south seas aforesaid; . . ." and the colony was called 
Carolina. In 1665 another charter was granted to these noble- 
men. This charter extended the limits of Carolina so that the 
northern line was 36 degrees and 30 minutes north latitude, and 
the southern line was 29 degrees north latitude, and both of these 
lines extended westward to the South Seas. 

In 1669 John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions as a 
model for the government of Carolina. The Lords Proprietors 
adopted these constitutions and directed the governor to put into 
operation as much of them as was feasible. In 1670 there were 
four precincts (changed to counties in 1739); Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans, Chowan, and Currituck. North Carolina now has one 
hundred counties. 

Carolina on December 7, 1710, was divided into North Carolina 
and South Carolina, and Edward Hyde, on May 12, 1712, became 
the first governor of North Carolina. 

In 1729 seven of the eight Lords Proprietors sold their interest 
in Carolina to the Crown and North Carolina became a royal 
colony. George Burrington was the first royal governor. Richard 
Everard. the last proprietary governor, served until Burrington 
was appointed. 

North Carolina, on April 12, 1776, authorized her delegates in 
the Continental Congress to vote for independence, and on Decem- 
ber 18, 1776, adopted a constitution. Richard Caswell became the 
fii'st governor under this constitution. On November 21. ]7Sfl. the 



4 North Carolina Manual 

state adopted the United States Constitution, being tlie twelfth 
state to enter the Federal Union. North Carolina, in 1788, had 
rejected the Constitution on the grounds that certain amendments 
were vital and necessary to a free people. 

A Constitutional convention was held in 1835 and among several 
changes made in the Constitution was the method of electing the 
governor. After this change the governor was elected by the peo- 
ple for a term of two years instead of being elected by the Legis- 
lature for a term of one year. Edward Bishop Dudley was the first 
governor elected by the people. 

North Carolina seceded from the Union May 20, 1861, and was 
readmitted to the Union in July, 1868. 

A new State Constitution was adopted in 1868 and since that 
date the governor has been elected by the people for four-year 
terms and he cannot succeed himself. There has not been a new- 
constitution since 1868, but numerous amendments have been added 
to it. 

North Carolina has had a democratic administration since 1900, 
during which period it has made its greatest progress. 

North Carolina has had two permanent capitals — New Bern and 
Raleigh — and there have been three capitol buildings. Tryon's 
Palace in New Bern was constructed in the period, 1767-1770, and 
the main building was destroyed by fire February 27, 1798. The 
first capitol in Raleigh was completed in 1794 and was destroyed 
by fire on June 21, 1831. The present capitol was completed in 1840. 

The state in 1790 ceded her western lands, which was composed 
of Washington, Davidson, Hawkins, Greene, Sullivan, Sumner, and 
Tennessee counties, to the Federal government, and between 1790 
and 1796 the territory was known as Tennessee Territory, but in 
1796 it became the fifteenth state in the Union. 

In 1738, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed an act 
authorizing the establishment of district courts which served as 
appelant courts. These courts were authorized to be held in Bath, 
New Bern, and New Town — now Wilmington. In 1746, the General 
Assembly repealed the act of 1738 and established district courts 
to be held at Edenton, Wilmington, and Edgecombe. From 1754 
until 1790, other districts were formed as the state expanded in 
territory and developed needs for these districts. By 1790, there 
were eight judicial districts divided into two ridings of four dis- 
tricts each. In 1806, the General Assembly passed an act estab- 
lishing a superior court in each county. The act also set up judi- 



The State 5 

cial districts composed of certain contiguous counties, and this 
practice of expanding the districts has continued from five districts 
in 1806 until now there are thirty districts. 

When North Carolina adopted the Federal Constitution on Novem- 
ber 21, 1789, she was authorized to send two senators and five rep- 
resentatives to the Congress of the United States according to the 
constitutional apportionment. In 1792, when the first federal census 
had been completed and tabulated, it was found that North Carolina 
was entitled to ten representatives. It was then that the General 
Assembly divided the state into ten congressional districts. In 
1812, the state had grown and increased in population until it was 
entitled to thirteen representatives in Congress. Between 1812 and 
1865, however, the population decreased so much in proportion to 
the population of other states of the Union that North Carolina was 
by that time entitled only to seven representatives. After 1865 
the population of the state showed a steady increase so that begin- 
ning in 1943 North Carolina was entitled to twelve representatives 
in Congress. The 1960 census showed that the state had nearly 
a half million more people than in 1950, but this increase was not 
nearly as much in proportion to that of some of the other states 
so, therefore. North Carolina will be entitled to only eleven repre- 
sentatives beginning with the 88th Congress which convenes in 
1963. 

Agriculture 

Total realized gross agricultural income to North Carolina farmers 
in 1959 amounted to $1,178 million. Although below the record 
high total of $1,240 million realized in 1958, the State's agricultural 
income in 1959 was second only to that for Texas among the 
Southern States of the Nation. 

Income from sales of crops in 1959 accounted for $671 million, 
which figure was exceeded only by California, Texas and Illinois. 
This accomplishment was realized despite the fact that 1959 yields 
from some of the important cash crops were somewhat below pre- 
vious levels. 

Although income statistics are not yet available for 1960, it is 
anticipated that gross agricultural income in that year exceeded 
by a fairly substantial margin all previous records. For many of 
the important cash crops produced in the State. 1960 was an 
unusually good year. Record high per-acre yields were realized 
for tobacco, corn, soybeans, and sorghum gains, while peanut yields 



6 North Carolina Manual 

were well above average. Of the major crops harvested in the State 
during 19(j0, only cotton and small grains tailed to produce yields 
up to past standards. 

Record high yields of flue-cured tobacco contributed to a 19 
percent increase in production during 1960 as compared with 1959. 
Furthermore, prices received in 1960 averaged more than 3 cents 
per pound above those received in 1959. The value of the 835 
million pound crop produced in 1960, at $510.5 million, was more 
than $100 million above the $407 million evaluation for the preced- 
ing year. 

Corn production in 1960 was at a record high level despite the 
fact that acreage has been trending downward for a number of 
years. This record high production resulted from a yield per acre 
6 bushels above any previous record. Farmers harvested an average 
of 50 bushels per acre from slightly more than 1.9 million acres, 
giving a total production of approximately 97 million bushels. With 
prices in 1960 about comparable with those in 1959, last year's 
corn crop was worth approximately $12 million more than was the 

1959 harvest. 

Acreage devoted to production of soybeans continued to expand 
and the record high total of 565,000 acres harvested for beans in 

1960 exceeded by 110,000 acres the previous record for 1959. Yield 
per acre was also kt a record high level, and the 1960 production 
of soybeans was valued almost $5.2 million above that for 1959. 

Last year's peanut crop, although not up to previous record high 
levels, yielded substantially better than in 1959, and harvest of 
311.5 million pounds was about 30 million pounds above the pre- 
vious year. Value of peanuts harvested in 1960, at $34.2 million, 
reflected a gain of slightly more than $4 million from the preced- 
ing year. 

Thanks to record high yields per acre of sorghum grains, total 
production of sorghums in 1960 also exceeded all past records — the 
crop being valued about a quarter million dollars above the 1959 
harvest. 

Last year's cotton crop yielded comparatively poorly, due to 
damage from excessive moisture and insects. The harvested yield 
of 288 pounds per acre was 107 pounds below that of the preceding 
year. Total production amounted to only 235,000 bales, compared 
with 322,000 in 1959. Although farmers realized a slightly higher 
unit price for their 1960 cotton than in 1959, value of cotton and 



The State 7 

cottonseed produced in 1960 declined approximately $11 million 
from the preceding year. 

Last year's harvest of all small grains was also reduced quite 
severely due primarily to much smaller acreages for harvest. Values 
placed on production of wheat, oats, rye, and barley in 1960 at $23.7 
million was $4.9 million below the preceding year. 

Smaller quantities of hay also cost farmers about $4 million as 
compared to 1959, while smaller acreages and lower prices for 
potatoes and sweet potatoes resulted in values for these crops about 
$2.6 million below the preceding year. 

Prices received by farmers for beef animals in 1960 averaged 
somewhat below 1959, but marketings were quite heavy. Pork 
prices averaged slightly above the 1959 level, also, with very heavy 
marketings. 

Broiler production of 154,300,000 birds was the highest of record, 
and prices received for broilers in 1960 exceeded those in 1959 by 
a small margin. Last year's broilers were valued at $81.5 million 
compared with $68.9 million in 1959. 

Marketings of eggs and milk also are expected to have produced 
incomes equally as large as in 1959. Although estimates of income 
from livestock and livestock products in 1960 have not been com- 
pleted, it is expected that the total will exceed by a fairly substantial 
margin the $297 million received from these commodities in 1959. 

COXSERVATIOX AND DEVELOPMENT 

Notable progress continues to be made in the conservation, devel- 
opment and promotion of fuller and wiser use of North Carolina's 
large store of natural resources. Dividends are being realized in 
all sections of the State as a result of the more profitable ultiza- 
tion of these resources, particularly in the renewable forestry field 
where pulp and paper products continue to mount in importance. 

While progress is noted in the conservation and development and 
wiser use of these resources, it is realized by those engaged in these 
fields of endeavor that the greatest potential of these natural 
resources remains to be reached and that continuing efforts must 
be made without abatement if satisfactory results are attained. 

More than 200 area and local development groups are making 
valuable and lasting contributions in state-wide efforts to provide 
more industrial jobs for the people of North Carolina and thus bring 



8 XniMii ('Ai;oi.i.\A ^Iamai. 

about a better balMiico in tho State's economy and a higher per 
capita income. 

During the 195S-(iO biennium investments in new and expanded 
manufacturing plants in North Carolina totaled $503,876,000; 64.567 
new jobs were created; and 1209,833,000 added in new payrolls. 
Investments in new and expanded manufacturing establishments 
during the 1956-58 biennium totaled $381,880,000; 36,140 new jobs 
created, and payrolls added amount to $112,994,000. 

A State long noted for its leadership in the production of textile, 
tobacco, and furniture products. North Carolina is becoming re- 
nowned for the many diversified goods its approximate 7,300 manu- 
facturing plants produce with tlaeir more than 500.000 employees 
for the markets of the nation and world. 

Value of the industrial output in North Carolina in 1959 was 
listed by Industrial Development and Manufacturers Record, At- 
lanta, Ga., at $9,161,000,000 as compared with $7,409,000,000 in 1958. 
As a further illustration of the remarkable growth of industry 
and its ability to produce products having high value, it is interest- 
ing to note the output value of manufactured products in the State 
in 1939 was only $1,421,000,000. 

Textiles, tobacco products, food, and furniture continue to lead 
in output and sales volume in North Carolina, but there is a steady 
increase being shown in the modern science industries now operat- 
ing in the State. The emphasis being placed upon research in 
electronic, metallurgical, food processing and chemical industries 
is receiving national and international attention. The number of 
plants for processing of the several species of seafood taken from 
State-controlled waters is increasing and there is mounting interest 
being shown in the State's mineral resources, especially in the 
periodical searches for oil in the coastal area. 

North Carolina's more than 500,000 workers in industry in the 
State continue to give industrial development groups the best kind 
of ammunition to use in the continuing efforts to bring more in- 
dustries to North Carolina and to expand existing plants. 

It is a matter of record that almost half of the total amount 
announced for investment in new and expanded plants in 1960 went 
for expansion of existing facilities, thus adding weight to the con- 
tention that North Carolina is a place where industry grows. 

The adaptability, productivity and willingness of North Carolina 
workers to learn their assigned tasks and to give a day's work for 



The Statk 9 

a day's pay give the State the best kind of advertising directed at 
industrialists seeking new site locations in a State also noted for 
good government, fair and equitable tax laws, and generally good 
relations between management and labor. 

As an illustration of the growth of industry in North Carolina 
of the value of output of the State's manufacturing plants, the fol- 
lowing table is submitted: 

1959 1958 1957 1939 

Textiles $3,104,000,000 $2,586,000,000 $2,080,000,000 $549,700,000 

Tobacco 2,321,000,000 1,957,000,000 1,843,000,000 538,400,000 

Food 723,000,000 555,000,000 552,000,000 69,200,000 

Furniture 520,000,000 340,000,000 376,000,000 58,800,000 

Paper-Pulp 431,000,000 319,000,000 350,000,000 26,000,000 

Chemicals 410,000,000 305,000,000 302,000,000 50,700,000 

Elec. Machinery 241,000,000 321,000,000 283,000,000 

Lumber 275,000,000 227,000,000 263,000,000 45,800,000 

Apparel 355,000,000 238,000,000 252,000,000 19,000,000 

Rubber 21,000,000 28,000,000 27,000,000 1,000,000 

Others 760,000,000 533,000,000 545,000,000 62,000.000 

Total -.. $9,161,000,000 $7,409,000,000 $7,473,000,000 $1,421,000,000 

Employees 505,000 480,000 481,000 270,210 

With the great emphasis on research, symbolized in the growing 
Research Triangle of North Carolina, products made by the diversi- 
fied industries now operating in the State range in effect from 
aluminum and aircraft to zippers. Not only does the State lead the 
nation in textile, tobacco, wooden household furniture, but it also 
leads the South in brick manufacturing. 

Examples of North Carolina's growing industrial diversification 
are noted in the current manufacture in the State of boilers and 
other metal products, cigarette paper, cellophane, electric equipment, 
helicopters, aluminum windows and jalousies, electric blankets, 
smoking pipes, wooden screws, missiles, pottery, particle and flake- 
boards, fish nets, zippers, and a widening variety of lesser known 
items. 

North Carolina's 1,200 textile manufacturing plants provided 
employment in 1959 for approximately 223,000 workers and pro- 
duced products valued at $3,104,000,000. The State's 100 to- 
bacco plants employed 39,000 and products produced had a value 
of $2,321,000,000. Products having an output value of $355,- 
000,000 were produced by 29,000 persons employed in the State's 
200 or more apparel manufacturing plants. 



10 NOIMU CAItOI.I.NA MAMAT. 

The State's food processing industry continues to grow. Its 
growth is reflected in the fact that the number of food processing 
plants has increased to 900 largely as a result of concentrated efforts 
made at local and State levels to make more profitable use of food, 
fruits and seafood growth in the State. Approximately 33,000 
persons were employed in food processing plants in the State in 
1959, and they produced products having an output value of $723.- 
000,000 as compared with $.^)52,000,000 in 1957 and $237,000,000 in 
1947. 

The furniture industry continues to grow. The number of plants 
in North Carolina at the end of 1959 was approximately 500. In 
1959 the 42,000 persons employed in these plants produced furniture 
products having an output value of $520,000,000 as compared with 
$376,000,000 in 1957 and $202,000,000 in 1947. 

Steady growth is noted in the State's lumber industry. The 2,500 
plants processing lumber and other products of North Carolina's 
vast forest lands in 1959 provided employment for 35,000 persons 
and produced products having an output value of $275,000,000 com- 
pared with $218,000,000 in 1954 and $193,000,000 in 1947. 

The State's tourist industry continues to grow. In 1959 an esti- 
mated 23.3 million out-of-State people visited North Carolina to 
view its numerous scenic attractions and to enjoy themselves gen- 
erally in resting and relaxing. The State's travel industry in 1959 
was valued at $773,000,000, an increase of 8.5 per cent over 1958. 
More than 1,650,000 persons, an all time record, visited and used 
North Carolina's 11 State Parks in 1960. 

The commercial fishing industry, which provides a livelihood 
in whole or in part for an estimated 25,000 persons, is being 
developed in an orderly and scientific manner. Through its De- 
partment of Conservation and Development, the State spent in 
excess of $500,000 during the 1948-60 period for planting of seed 
oysters and oyster shells in rehabilitation of the oyster industry,' 
which suffered severely as a result of hurricanes of the past decade. 
The value to fishermen of finfish and shellfish taken from the State's 
inland waters in the 1958-60 biennium was $15,451,894 as compared 
with $15,046,380 for the 1956-58 biennium. 

Progress is being shown by the State's minerals industry. The 
State contains almost 93 per cent of the nation's known reserves of 
lithium. The most important mineral deposits are sand, stone, and 



The State 11 

gravel, mica, feldspar and clays. It leads the nation in production 
of mica and feldspar. It is fifth in production of kaolin. 

Two new divisions of the Department of Conservation and Devel- 
opment were created by acts of the General Assembly of 1957 and 
1959 and began functioning. One is the Division of Community 
Planning, the other is the Geodetic Survey Division. They are pro- 
viding long needed services in North Carolina. 

Public Hkai.th In North Carolina 

North Carolina has a vigorous and effective program of public 
health. 

The State Board of Health and the 71 local health departments 
serving the 100 counties assure an alert concern for the health con- 
ditions in all facilities serving the public. Basic State laws em- 
power the health departments to inspect and regulate conditions 
affecting health. 

While there were various laws and statutes relating to public 
health measures passed prior to that time, the State Board of 
Health was created by the General Assembly of 1877, and has been 
functioning, with changes from time to time, ever since. The 
General Assembly of 1957 recodified all public health and related 
laws of North Carolina. This was done for purposes of coordination 
and clarification. Guilford has the distinction of being the first 
county in the United States to inaugurate full-time county health 
work June 20, 1911. The following year, Robeson became the first 
purely rural county in the United States to take this step. 

Compulsory immunization of children under six for poliomyelitis, 
air pollution and environmental surveys, and the establishment of 
a coordinated State Radiological Program illustrate some of the 
aspects of North Carolina's progressive public health program. The 
State published the nation's first Occupational Health Manual in 
1961. 

Nearly a million dollars a year is being spent on surgical, medical 
and hospital service to handicapped children. We have a progres- 
sive school-health coordinating unit and programs of service are 
being carried on for the aged and for the chronically ill. Many 
preventive services are rendered by the modern Laboratory Division 
and by both the consultant staff of the State Board and by the 
staffs of the local health departments. 



12 Nninii C'Aitdii.NA Mam"ai. 

Statk TTk.iiway Systems 

On January 1. 19G0. the State had under its direct jurisdiction 
71,344 miles of highways, roads and streets, a distance equivalent 
to two and one half times around the world at the equator. This 
vast mileage is almost 11 per cent of the gross length of all mileage 
under State control in the entire Nation. The three basic systems 
in this North Carolina network are as follows: 

The Primary State Highway System in rural areas is made up 
of the U. S., N. C. and Interstate numbered routes, and has a length 
of 11,290 miles, substantially all hard surfaced. The largest of the 
three systems is the Rural Secondary System of 57,210 miles, of 
which 24.707 miles are paved — the remainder being surfaced with 
stone, soil or other all weather material. There is more rural pav- 
ing In North Carolina than in any other state except Texas, Cali- 
fornia, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York. Some 96% of the State's 
rural people live on, or within one mile of a paved highway or road. 

In addition to these two rural systems, the State has jurisdiction 
over 2,844 miles of streets which form a part of the State Highway 
and Road Systems in Municipalities. Of this Municipal System, 
2.593 miles are paved. 

Combining the three systems, the State operates a network of 
38,505 miles of paved and 32,839 miles of unpaved highways, roads 
and streets. The State has direct jurisdiction over more mileage 
than has any other road governing body in the nation. In terms of 
size and population, no other state exceeds North Carolina In the 
extent of road services provided for its people. There are no toll 
roads, bridges or ferries in North Carolina. 

Major emphasis is now being placed on modernizing many obso- 
lete sections of the Primary System, and building the Interstate 
Expressway System. Some 200 miles of the latter have already 
been built and opened to traffic. 

Since 1921, the entire Road and Highway Program of the State 
has been financed exclusively from the gasoline tax, motor vehicle 
license fees and Federal Aid, without recourse to property taxation 
or aid from the General State Fund. During the past fiscal year 
ending June 30, 1960, the State Highway Fund, including Federal 
Aid, expended $173,489,058 for highway, road, and street construc- 
tion, maintenance, betterments and improvements, including the 
operation of the Motor Vehicle Department. Highway Patrol. High- 



The Stati; 13 

way Safety Division, several otlier state agencies, and the retirement 
of Secondary Road Bonds. 

Rural Ei.fx'tuic and Tki.kphoxk Skkvick 

Rural areas of North Carolina received little benefits from rural 
electrification prior to 1935, which is often spoken of as the starting 
point. At that time, only 1,884 miles of rural lines serving 11,.55S 
farms were recorded by the North Carolina Rural Electritication 
Authority, which was created in that year to secure electric service 
for the rural areas. Today the Authority reports in operation 84,857 
miles of rural lines serving 626,533 consumers. In addition to this, 
there were 385 miles under construction or authorized for construc- 
tion to serve 3,259 consumers. Electrification has contributed con- 
siderably to the great progress in agricultural development over tin- 
past few years. The electrified farm provides for comfort and health 
in farm living through lighting, refrigeration, communication, 
ranges, washing machines, freezers, plumbing and all other many 
useful household electric appliances. 

Electric service is essential to modern farm production. Elec- 
tricity is used by farmers in many ways — yard and building lighting: 
running water; poultry incubators, brooders, and feeders; livestock 
feeding; milking; grain and hay driers, irrigation; and many other 
electric-motor driven pieces of farm producing equipment. Elec- 
tricity affords fire protection and the operation of many labor- 
saving devices for the rural home and farm activities. Electric- 
service is practically essential in types of farm production; for 
example, the production of Grade A Milk. 

The 1945 United States Census indicated that only 14,539 North 
Carolina farms had telephone service. The desire and need in the 
rural areas for communication, so essential to the wellbeing of the 
people was so widespread that the 1945 General Assembly enacted 
the Rural Telephone Act, charging the North Carolina Rural Elec- 
trification Authority with the responsibility of assisting rural re.-;i- 
dences in securing telephone service. Funds and personnel were 
first assigned to the program in 1949, which might well be termed 
the active beginning. Through the activities of the State Authority 
and other State Agencies and as a result of cooperation on the part 
of the telephone industry and the organization of a number of 
member owned Telephone Membership Corpoi-ations, over four 



14 North Carolina Manual 

times as many farms now have telephone service as in 194 5. In 
addition, approximately 160,000 rural nonfarm residences also 
have service. 

Public Schools 

North Carolina provides a basic State-supported nine months pub- 
lic school term, which is supplemented by the 174 local units. 
Public school enrollment in 1959-60 was 1,105,677. There were 37,212 
teachers and 2,101 principals and supervisors and 174 superintend- 
ents. More than two-thirds of all general fund taxes collected by 
the State are used for education. The State operates a bus fleet of 
8,242 vehicles, transporting 537,358 children to the public schools. 
Attendance is compulsory for children between ages 7 and 16. There 
are 3,202 public school buildings and the total value of public school 
property is $711,454,884. 

Colleges and Universities 

The University of North Carolina, chartered in 1789, was the 
first State university to open its doors. The Greater University of 
North Carolina is comprised of the University at Chapel Hill, State 
College at Raleigh, and Woman's College at Greensboro. In all 
there are 64 institutions of higher learning in the State. Twelve 
are State-supported. Forty-seven are private or church-related. 
Five are public institutions with some State support. There are 36 
senior, 24 junior, 1 theological seminary, and 3 unclassified institu- 
tions. Duke University in Durham is one of the most heavily en- 
dowed institutions of higher learning in the world. Total university 
and college enrollment in 1960-61 was 67,183. 



THE STATE CAPITOL 

The original State Capitol of North Carolina was destroyed b> 
fire on June 21, 1831. 

At the session of November, 1832, the Assembly resolved to 
rebuild on the old site, and $50,000 was appropriated for the pur- 
pose. Commissioners were appointed to have the work done. Tlie 
rubbish was cleared away, the excavations made and the founda- 
tions were laid. On July 4, 1833, the cornerstone was set in place. 

After the foundations were laid the work progressed more 
slowly, and it was so expensive that the appropriation was ex- 
hausted. The Legislature at its next session appropriated $75,000 
more. To do the stone and finer work many skilled artisans had 
been brought from Scotland and other countries. The Building 
Commissioners contracted with David Paton to come to Raleigh 
and superintend the work. Mr. Paton was an architect, who had 
come from Scotland the year before. He was the builder, the archi- 
tect, and designer. 

The Legislature was compelled to make appropriations for the 
work from time to time. The following is a table of the several 
appropriations made: 

Session of 1832-33 $ 50,000.00 

Session of 1833-34 75,000.00 

Session of 1834-35 75,000.00 

Session of 1835 75,000.00 

Session of 1836-37 120,000.00 

Session of 1838-39 105,300.00 

Session of 1840-41 31,374.46 

Total $531,674.46 

The stone with which the building was erected was the property 
of the State. Had the State been compelled to purchase this ma- 
terial the cost of the Capitol would have been considerably in- 
creased. 

In the summer of 18 40 the work was finished. At last, after 
more than seven years, the sum of $531,67 4.46 was expended. As 
large as that sum was for the time, when the State was so poor 
and when the entire taxes for all State purposes reached less than 

15 



Thk Capitoi. 17 

$100,000, yet the people were satisfied. The building had been 
erected with rigorous economy, and it was an object of great pride 
to the people. Indeed, never was money better expended than in 
the erection of this noble Capitol. 

Description of the Capitol, Written by David Paton. 

the Architect 

'•The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south 
by 140 feet from east to west. The whole height is 97 V^ feet in the 
center. The apex of pediment is 6 4 feet in height. The stylobate 
is 18 feet in height. The columns of the east and west porticoes 
are 5 feet 2% inches in diameter. An entablature, including block- 
ing course, is continued around the building, 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied 
from the Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, 
which was erected in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An 
octagon tower surrounds the rotunda, which is ornamented with 
Grecian cornices, etc., and its dome is decorated at top with a 
similar ornament to that of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates. 
commonly called the Lanthorn of Demosthenes. 

"The interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories: First, 
the lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appro- 
priated as offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Comp- 
troller, each having two rooms of the same size — the one contain- 
ing an area of 64 9 square feet, the other 528 square feet — the two 
committee rooms, each containing 200 square feet and four clos- 
ets; also the rotunda, corridors, vestibules, and piazzas, contain 
an area of 4,370 square feet. The vestibules are decorated with 
columns and antae, similar to those of the Ionic Temple on the 
Ilissus, near the Acropolis of Athens. The remainder is groined 
with stone and brick, springing from columns and pilasters of 
the Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' 
chambers, the former containing an area of 2,5 4 5 and the latter 
2,849 square feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, 
two of which contain each an area of 169 square feet, and the 
other two contain each an area of 154 square feet; also, two rooms 
enter from Representatives' chamber, each containing an area of 
170 square feet; of two committee rooms, each containing an area 



18 . North Carolina Manual 

of 2'31 square feet; of four presses and the passages, stairs, 
lobbies, and colonnades, containing an area of 3,204 square feet. 

"The lobbies and Hall of Representatives have their columns 
and antae of the Octogan Tower of Andronicus Cyrrhestes and 
the plan of the hall is of the formation of the Greek theatre and 
the columns and antae in the Senatorial chamber and rotunda are 
of the Temple of Erectheus, Minerva, Polias, and Pandrosus, in 
the Acropolis of Athens, near the above named Parthenon. 

"Third, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the 
Supreme Court and Library, each containing an area of 693 square 
feet. Galleries of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet; 
also two apartments entering from Senate gallery, each 169 square 
feet, of four presses and the lobbies' stairs, 988 square feet. These 
lobbies as well as rotunda, are lit with cupolas, and it is proposed 
to finish the court and library in the florid Gothic style." 



THE STATE HOUSE (New Legislative Building) 

1959, c. 938; 1959, c. 1039 

Work on the construction of a new Legislative Building, authoriz- 
ed by the 1959 General Assembly, was begun the early part of 1961. 
The building, commonly referred to as The State House, will 
contain facilities necessary for the functioning of the General As- 
sembly, including not only House and Senate chambers but adequate 
committee meeting rooms, an office for each member of the Legis- 
lature and offices for the various key employees of the House and 
Senate. 

The new building, which will contain 206,050 square feet of space, 
is being erected across Halifax Street looking South to the State 
Capitol. There will be a mall between it and the Capitol building. 
The Commission anticipates the building will be completed and 
ready for occupancy for the 1963 General Assembly. 

Members of the State Legislative Building Commission are: 
Thomas J. White, Chairman; B. I. Satterfield, Archie K. Davis, 
Robert F. Morgan, A. E. Finley, Oliver R. Rowe and Edwin Gill. 



Governors 19 



CHIEF EXECUTIVES OF NORTH CAROLINA 



Governors of "Virginia" 

Ralph Lane, April , 1585-June , 1586. 

John White, April , 1587-August __, 1587. 



Chief Executives Under the Proprietors 

William Drummond, October , 1663-October , 1667. 

Samuel Stephens, October , 1667-December , 1669. 

Peter Carteret, October __, 1670-May _._, 1673. 

John Jenkins, May , 1673-November __, 1676. 

Thomas Eastchurch, November ._, 1676- ,1678. 

Thomas Miller, , 1677- 

John Culpepper, , 1677- , 1678. 

Seth Sothel, , 1678- 

John Harvey, February __, 1679-August , 1679. 

John Jenkins, November , 1679- , 1681. 

Seth Sothel, , 1682- , 1689. 

Philip Ludwell, December , 1689- , 1691. 

Philip Ludwell, November 2, 1691- , 1694. 

Thomas Jarvis, , 1691- , 1694. 

John Archdale, August 31, 1694- , 1696. 

John Harvey, ^_, , 1694- , 1699. 

Henderson Walker, , 1699-August 14, 1704. 

Robert Daniel, , 1704- , 1705. 

Thomas Cary, , 1705- , 1706. 

William Glover, , 1706- , 1708. 

Thomas Cary, , 1708-January , 1711. 

Edward Hyde, , 1710-May 9, 1712. 

Edward Hyde, May 9, 1712-September 8, 1712. 
Thomas Pollock, September 12, 1712-May 28, 1714. 
Charles Eden, May 28, 1714-March 26, 1722. 
Thomas Pollock, March 30, 1722-August 30, 1722". 
William Reed, August 30, 1722-January 15, 1724. 
George Burrington, January 15, 1724-July 17, 17 25. 
Richard Everard, July 17, 1725-May _ , 1728. 



20 Xdurii (J.Mioi.i.NA Ma.mai, 

Governors Under the Crown 

Richard Everard, May __, 1728-February 25, 1731. 
GeorRe Burrington, February 25, 1731-April 15, 1734. 
Nathaniel Rice, April 15, 1734-October 27, 1734. 
Gabriel Johnston, October 27, 1734-JuIy 17, 1752. 
Matthew Rowan, July 17, 17 52'-November 2, 1754. 
Arthur Dobbs, November 2, 1754-March 28, 1765. 
William Tryon, March 28, 1765-December 20, 1765. 
William Tryon, December 20, 1765-July 1, 1771. 
James Hasell, July 1, 1771-August 12, 1771. 
Josiah Martin, August 12, 1771-May „_, 1775. 

Governors Elected b}' the Legislature 

Name, County, Terms of Office 

Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 19, 1776-Ai)ril 18, 1777. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1777-April 18, 1778. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, April 18, 1778-May 4, 1779. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, May 4, 1779-April, 1780. 
Abner Nash, Craven, April, 1780-June 26, 1781. 
Thomas Burke, Orange, June 26, 1781-April 26, 1782. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, April 26, 1782-April 30. 1783. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford. April 30, 1783-April 1, 1785. 
Richard Caswell. Dobbs. April 1. 1785-December 12, 1785. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 12. 1785-December 23, 1786. 
Richard Caswell, Dobbs, December 2'3, 1786-December 20, 178 7. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, December 20. 1787-November 18, 1788. 
Samuel Johnston, Chowan, November 18. 178 8-November 16, 17 89. 
Samuel Johnston. Chowan, November 16, 1789-December 17. 1789. 
Alexander Martin. Guilford, December 17, 1789-December 9. 1790. 
Alexander Martin. Guilford, December 9. 1790-January 2, 1792. 
Alexander Martin, Guilford, January 2, 1792-December 14, 1792. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 14, 1792-December 26, 1793. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, December 26, 1793-January 6, 1795. 
R. D. Spaight, Craven, January 6, 1795-November 19. 1795. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, November 19. 1795-December 19. 1796. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 19. 1796-December 5. 1797. 
Samuel Ashe, New Hanover, December 5. 1797-December 7, 1798. 
W. R. Davie. Halifax. December 7. 1798-November 23. 1799. 
Benjamin Williams. Moore, November 23, 1799-November 29. 1800. 



GOVEK-NOKS 21 

Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 29, 1800-November 28, 1801. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, November 28, 1801-December 6, 1802. 
James Turner, Warren, December 6, 1802-December 1, 1803. 
James Turner, W^arren, December 1, 1803-November 29, 1804. 
James Turner, Warren, November 29, 1804-December 10, 1805. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 10, 180 5-December 

1, 1806. 
Nathaniel Alexander, Mecklenburg, December 1, 1806-December 1, 

1807. 
Benjamin Williams, Moore, December 1, 1807-December 12, 1808. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 12, 1808-December 13, 1809. 
David Stone, Bertie, December 13, 1809-December 5, 1810. 
Benjamin Smith, Brunswick, December 5, 1810-December 9, 1811. 
W'illiam Hawkins, Warren, December 9, 1811-November 25, 1812. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 25, 1812-November 20, 

1813. 
William Hawkins, Warren, November 20, 1813-November 29, 

1814. 
William Miller, Warren, November 2'9, 1814-December 7, 1815. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1815-December 7, 1816. 
William Miller, Warren, December 7, 1816-December 3, 1817. 
John Branch, Halifax, December 3, 1817-November 24, 1818. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 24, 1818-November 25, 1819. 
John Branch, Halifax, November 2 5, 1819-December 7, 1820. 
Jesse Franklin, Surry, December 7, 1820-December 7, 1821. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1821-December 7, 1822. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 7, 1822-December 6, 1823. 
Gabriel Holmes, Sampson, December 6, 1823-December 7, 1824. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 7, 18 24-December 6, 18 2'5. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 6, 18 25-December 29, 18 26. 
H. G. Burton, Halifax, December 29, 1826-December 8, 1827. 
James Iredell, Chowan, December 8, 18 27-December 12, 1828. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 12, 1828-December 10, 1829. 
John Owen, Bladen, December 10, 1829-December 18, 1830. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 18, 1830-December 13, 1831. 
Montford Stokes, Wilkes, December 13, 1831-December 6, 1832. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 6, 1832-December 9, 1833. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 9, 1833-December 10, 1834. 
D. L. Swain, Buncombe, December 10, 1834-December 10, 1835. 
R. D. Spaight, Jr.. Craven. December 10, 1835-December 31, 1836. 



22 XdiMii r\i!(ii.i.\A Mam Ai, 

(Governors Elected by the People 

K. B. Dudley, New Ilaiu.vcr. December ;'.l, lS36-December 2'9, 

1 s :; s . 

E. B. Dudley. New Hanover, December 29, lS3S-January 1, 1841. 

J. M. Morehead, Guilford, .January 1, 1841-December 31, 1842. 

J. M. Morehead, Guilford, December 31, 1842-January 1, 1845. 

AV. A. Graham, Oranse, .January 1, 1845-January 1, 1847. 

W. A. Graham, Orange, .January 1, 1847-January 1, 1849. 

Charles Manly, Wake. January 1, 1849-January 1, 1851. 

D. S. Reid, Rockingham, January 1, 1851-December 22, 1852. 

D. S. Reid, Rockingham, December 22, 1852-December 6, 1854. 

Warren Winslow. Cumberland, December 6, 1854-January 1, 1855. 

Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1855-January 1, 1857. 

Thomas Bragg, Northampton, January 1, 1857-January 1, 1859. 

John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1859-January 1, 1861. 

John W. Ellis, Rowan, January 1, 1861-July 7, 1861. 

Henry T. Clark, Edgecombe, July 7, 1861-September 8, 1862. 

Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, September 8, 1862-December 22, 1864. 

Z. B. Vance, Buncombe, December 22, lS64-May 29, 1865. 

W. W. Holden, Wake, May 29, 1865-December 15, 1865. 

Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 15, 1865-December 22, 

1866. 
Jonathan Worth, Randolph, December 22, 1866-July 1, 1868. 
W. W. Holden, Wake, July 1, 1868-December 15, 1870. 
T. R. Caldwell, Burke, December 15, 1870-January 1, 1873. 
T. R. Caldwell, Burke, January 1, 1873-July 11, 1874. 

C. H. Brogden, Wayne, July 11, 1874-January 1, 1877. 

Z. B. Vance, Mecklenburg, January 1, 1877-February 5, 1879. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, February 5, 1879-January 18, 1881. 

T. J. Jarvis, Pitt, January 18, 1881-January 21, 1885. 

A. M. Scales, Rockingham, January 21, 1885-January 17, 1889. 

D. G. Fowle, Wake, January 17, 1889-April 8, 1891. 
Thomas M. Holt, Alamance, April 8, 1891-January 18, 1893. 
Elias Carr, Edgecombe, January 18, 1893-January 12, 1897. 
D. L. Russell, Brunswick. January 12, 1897-January 15, 1901. 
Charles B. Aycock, Wayne, January 15, 1901-January 11, 1905. 
R. B. Glenn, Forsyth, January 11, 1905-January 12, 1909. 

W. W. Kitchin, Person, January 12. 1909-January 15, 1913. 
Locke Craig, Buncombe, January 15, 1913-Januarv 11, 1917. 



Governors 23 

Thomas W. Bickett, Franklin, January 11, 1917-January 12, 1921. 
Cameron Morrison, Mecklenburg, January 12, 19 21-January 14, 

1925. 
Angus Wilton McLean, Robeson, January 14, 1925-January 11, 

1929. 
O. Max Gardner, Cleveland, January 11, 1929-January 5, 1933. 
J. C. B. Ehringhaus, Pasquotank, January 5, 1933-January 7, 1937. 
Clyde R. Hoey, Cleveland, January 7, 193 7-January 9, 1941. 
J. Melville Broughton, Wake, January 9, 1941-January 4, 1945. 
R. Gregg Cherry, Gaston, January 4, 1945-January 6, 1949. 
W. Kerr Scott, Alamance, January 6, 1949-January 8, 1953. 
William B. Umstead, Durham, January 8, 1953-November 7, 1954. 
Luther H. Hodges, Rockingham, November 7, 19 54-February 7, 

1957. 
Luther H. Hodges, Rockingham, February 7, 1957-January 5, 

1961. 
Terry Sanford, Cumberland, January 5, 1961- 



Lieutenant Governors 



25 



LIST OF PERSONS WHO HAVE SERVED AS 
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR SINCE JULY 1, 1868 

This List Has Been Compiled From Tlie North Carolina 

Manual of 1913 And Tlie Manuals Published Every 

Two Years Since That Date. 



Name 



County 



Term Elected 



Term Served 



Tod R. Caldwell^ 

Curtis H. Brogden- 

Thomas J. Jarvis'' 

James L. Robinson 

Charles M. Steadman.. 

Thomas M. Holt< 

Rufus A. Doughton 

Charles A. Reynolds.... 

W. D. Turner 

Francis D. Winston.... 
William C. Newland... 
Elijah L. Doughtridge 

O. Ma.x Gardner 

W. B. Cooper , 

J. Elmer Long 

Richard T. Fountain.... 

A. H. Graham 

W. P. Horton 

R. Ij. Harris 

L. Y. Ballentine 

H. P. Taylor 

Luther H. Hedges'' 

Luther E. Barnhardt.. 
H. Cloyd Philpott 



Burke 

Wayne 

Pitt 

Macon 

New Hanover. 

Alamance 

Alleghany 

Forsyth 

Iredell 

Bertie 

Caldwell 

Edgecombe 

Cleveland 

New Hanover. 

Durham 

Edgecombe 

Orange 

Chatham 

Person 

Wake 

Anson 

Rockingham... 

Cabarrus 

Davidson 



1868- 
1872- 
1876- 
1881- 
1885- 
1889- 
1893- 
1897- 
1901- 
1905- 
1909- 
1913- 
1917- 
1921- 
1925- 
1929- 
1933- 
1937- 
1941- 
1945- 
1949- 
1953- 
1957- 
1961- 



1872 
1876 
1880 
1885 
1889 
1893 
1897 
1901 
1905 
1909 
1913 
1917 
1921 
1925 
1929 
1933 
1937 
1941 
1945 
1949 
1953 
1957 
1961 
1965 



1868- 
1872- 
1876- 
1881- 
1885- 
1889- 
1893- 
1897- 
1901- 
1905- 
1909- 
1913- 
1917- 
1921- 
1925- 
1929- 
1933- 
1937- 
1941- 
1945- 
1949- 
1953- 
1957- 
1961- 



1870 
1874 
1878 
1885 
1889 
1891 
1897 
1901 
1905 
1909 
1913 
1917 
1921 
1925 
•1929 
•1933 
1937 
•1941 
1945 
1949 
1953 
1954 
1961 



^. Became Governor December 15, 1870 when W. W. Holden was impeached, tried 
and put out of office. 

-. Became Governor July 11, 1874 when Tod R. Caldwell died in office. 

2. Became Governor February 5, 1879 when Governor Vance was elected U. S. Sena- 
tor. 

*. Became Governor April 9, 1891 when D. G. Fowle died in office. 

". Became Governor November 7, 1954 when William B. Umstead died in office 



THE STATE FLAG 

An Act to Establish a State Flag 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a 
blue union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the 
letter N In gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of 
said star, the circle containing the same to be one-third the width 
of the union. 

Sec. 2. That the fly of the flag shall consist of two equally pro- 
portioned bars; the upper bar to be red, the lower bar to be white; 
that the length of the bars horizontally shall be equal to the per- 
pendicular length of the union, and the total length of the flag 
shall be one-third more than its width. 

Sec. 3. That above the star in the center of the union there 
shall be a gilt scroll in semicircular form, containing in blaclc let- 
ters this inscription: "May 20th, 1775," and that below the star 
there shall be a similar scroll containing in black letters the in- 
scription: "April 12th, 1776." 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 9th 
day of March, A.D., 1885. 

No change has been made in the flag since the passage of this 
act. By an act of 190 7 it is provided: 

"That the board of trustees or managers of the several State in- 
stitutions and public buildings shall provide a North Carolina flag, 
of such dimensions and materials as they may deem best, and the 
same shall be displayed from a staff upon the top of each and 
every such building at all times except during inclement weather, 
and upon the death of any State officer or any prominent citizen 
the Flag shall be put at half-mast until the burial of such person 
shall have taken place. 

"That the Board of County Commissioners of the several coun- 
ties in this State shall likewise authorize the procuring of a Nort"h 
Carolina flag, to be displayed either on a staff upon the top, or 
draped behind the Judge's stand, in each and every courthouse in 
the State, and that the State flag shall be displayed at each and 
every term of court held, and on such other public occasions as 
the Commissioners may deem proper." (Rev., s. 5321; 1885 c. 
291; 1907, c. 838.) 

27 



THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION OF 
20th MAY, 1775* 

Declaration 

Names or the Delegates Present 

Col. Thomas Polk John McKnitt Alexander 

Epliiiani Brevard Hezekiah Alexander 

Hezekiah J. Balch Adam Alexander 

John Phifer Charles Alexander 

James Harris Zacheus Wilson, Sen. 

William Kennon Waightstill Avery 

John Ford Benjamin Patton 

Richard Barry Mathew McClure 

Henry Downs Neil Morrison 

Ezra Alexander Robert Irwin 

William Graham John Plenniken 

John Qiiary David Reese 

Abraham Alexander Richard Harris, Sen. 

Abraham Alexander was appointed Chairman, and John Mc- 
Knitt Alexander, Clerk. The following resolutions were offered, 
viz: 

1. Resolved. That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted or in 
any way form or manner countenanced the unchartered and dan- 
gerous invasion of our rights as claimed by Great Britain is an 
enemy to this country, to America, and to the inherent and in- 
alienable rights of man. 

2. Resolved. That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do 
hereby dissolve the political bands wiiich have connected us to the 
mother country and hereby absohe ourselves from all allegiance 
to the British Crown and abjure all political connection contract 
or association with that nation who have wantonly trampled on 
our rights and liberties and inluimanly shed the blood of American 
l)atriots at Lexington. 

o. Resolved. That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and in- 
dependent people, are, and of right ought to be a sovereign and 



*The above is fonn.l in Vol. IX, pasres 1263-65 of the Colonial Records of North 
Carohna. 

28 



The Mecklexblrg Decearation 29 

self-governing association under the control of no power other 
than that of our God and the General Government of the Congress 
to the maintenance of which independence we solemnly pledge to 
each other our mutual cooperation, our lives, our fortunes, and 
our most sacred honor. 

4. Resolved, That as we now acknowledge the existence and con- 
trol of no law or legal officer, civil or military within this County, 
we do hereby ordain and adopt as a rule of life all, each and 
every of our former laws — wherein nevertheless the Crown of 
Great Britain never can be considered as holding rights, privileges, 
immunities, or authority therein. 

5. Resolved, That it is further decreed that all, each and every 
Military Officer in this County is hereby reinstated in his former 
command and authority, he acting conformably to these regula- 
tions. And that every member present of this delegation shall 
henceforth be a civil officer, viz., a justice of the peace, in the 
character of a "committee man" to issue process, hear and deter- 
mine all matters of controversy according to said adopted laws 
and to preserve peace, union and harmony in said county, and 
to use every exertion to spread the love of Country and fire of 
freedom throughout America, until a more general and organized 
governinent be established in this Province. 



THE GREAT SEAL 

The Constitution of North Carolina, Article III. section 16, re- 
quiros that 

"There shall be a seal of the State which shall be kept by the 
Governor, and used by him as occasion may require, and shall be 
called 'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina.' All grants 
and Commissions shall be issued in the name and by the authority 
of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 'The Great Seal of the 
State," signed by the Governor and countersigned by the Secretary 
of State." 

The use of a Great Seal for the attestation of important docu- 
ments began with the institution of government in North Carolina. 
There have been at various times nine different seals in use in the 
colony and State. 

The present Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is de- 
scribed as follows: 

"The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina is two and one- 
quarter inches in diameter, and its design is a representation of 
the figures of Liberty and Plenty, looking toward each other, but 
not more than half fronting each other, and otherwise disposed, as 
follows: Liberty, the first figure, standing, her pole with cap on it 
in her left hand and a scroll with the word 'Constitution' inscribed 
thereon in her right hand. Plenty, the second figure, sitting down, 
her right arm half extended toward Liberty, three heads of wheat 
in her right hand, and in her left the small end of her horn, the 
mouth of which is resting at her feet, and the contents of horn 
rolling out. In the exergon is inserted the words May 20, 1775, 
above the coat of arms. Around the circumference is the legend 
'The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina' and the motto 
'Esse Quam Videri'." (Rev., s. 5339; Code ss. 3328, 3329; 1868-9, 
c. 270, s. 35; 1883, c. 392; 1893, c. 145.) 



30 



THE STATE BIRD 

By popular choice the Cardinal was selected for adoption as 
our State Bird as of March 4, 1943. (S. L. 1943 c. 595; G. S. 
145-2.) 

This bird is sometimes called the Winter Redbird because it is 
most conspicuous in winter and is the only "redbird" present at 
that season. It is an all year round resident and one of the com- 
monest birds in our gardens and thickets. It is about the size of a 
Catbird with a longer tail, red all over, except that the throat and 
region around the bill is black; the head is conspicuously crested 
and the large stout bill is red; the female is much duller — the red 
being mostly confined .to the crest, wings and tail. There are no 
seasonal changes in the plumage. 

The Cardinal is a fine singer, and wiiat is unusual among birds 
the female is said to sing as well as the male, which latter sex 
usually has a monopoly of that art in the feathered throngs. 

The nest is rather an untidy affair built of weed stems, grass 
and similar materials in a low shrub, small tree or bunch of briars, 
usually not over four feet above the ground. The usual number of 
eggs to a set is three in this State, usually four further North. 
Possibly the Cardinal raises an extra brood down here to make 
up the difference, or possibly he can keep up his normal population 
more easily here through not having to face inclement winters 
of the colder North. A conspicuous bird faces more hazards. 

The Cardinal is by nature a seed eater, but he does not dislike 
small fruits and insects. 



33 



THE HALIFAX RESOLUTION 

Adopted by the I'roviiicial Congress of North Carolina in Session 

at Halifax, April 1 2. 1776. 

It aiipears to y(Mir ((ininiit tec that pursuant to the plan concerted 
by the I'.ritish Ministry for subjugating America, the King and 
Parliament of Great Britain have usurped a power over the per- 
sons and properties of the people unlimited and uncontrolled; and 
disregarding their humble petitions for peace, liberty, and safety, 
liave made divers legislative acts, denouncing war. famine, and 
every species of calamity, against the Continent in general. The 
British fleets and armies have been, and still are, daily employed 
in destroying the people, and committing the most horrid devasta- 
tions on tlie couniry. The Governors in different Colonies have de- 
clared protection to slaves who should imbrue their hands in the 
blood of their masters. That ships belonging to America are de- 
clared prizes of war and many of them have been violently seized 
and confiscated. In consequence of all of which multitudes of the 
people have been destroyed, or from easy circumstances reduced 
to the most lamentable distress. 

Axi) WiiEKKAs, The moderation, hitherto manifested by the United 
Colonies and their sincere desire to be reconciled to the mother 
country on constitutional principles, have procured no mitigation 
of the aforesaid wrongs and usurpations, and no hopes remain 
of obtaining redress by those means alone which have been 
hitherto tried, your committee are of opinion that the House 
should enter into the following resolve, to wit: 

Resolved, That the delegates for this Colony in the Continental 
Congress be empowered to concur with the delegates of the other 
Colonies in declaring Independency, and forming foreign alliances, 
reserving to this Colony the sole and exclusive right of forming 
a Constitution and laws for this Colony, and of appointing dele- 
gates from time to time (under the direction of a general repre- 
sentation thereof), to meet the delegates of the other Colonies for 
such purposes as shall be hereafter pointed out. 



34 



NAME OF STATE AND NICKNAMES 

In 16 29 King Charles the First of England "erected into a 
province," all the land from Albemarle Sound on the north to the 
St. John's River on the south, which he directed should be called 
Carolina. The word Carolina is from the word Carolus, the Latin 
form of Charles. 

When Carolina was divided in 1710, the southern part was 
called South Carolina and the northern or older settlement was 
called North Carolina, or the "Old North State." Historians had 
recorded the fact that the principal products of this State were 
"tar, pitch and turpentine." It was during one of the fiercest 
battles of the War Betv/een the States, so the story goes, that the 
column supporting the North Carolina troops was driven from the 
field. After the battle the North Carolinians, who had successfully 
fought it out alone, were greeted from the passing derelict regi- 
ment with the question: "Any more tar down in the Old North 
State, boys?" Quick as a flash came the answer: "No; not a bit; 
old Jeff's bought it all up." "Is that so; what is he going to do 
with it?" was asked. "He is going to put it on you'uns heels to 
make you stick better in the next fight." Creecy relates that Gen- 
eral Lee, hearing of the incident, said: "God bless the Tar Heel 
boys," and from that they took the name. — Adapted from Grand- 
father Tales of North Carolina by R. B. Creecy and Histories of 
North Carolina Regiments, Vol. Ill, by Walter Clark. 

The State Motto 

The General Assembly of 18 93 (chapter 145) adopted the words 
"Esse Quam Videri" as the State's motto and directed that these 
words with the date "2*0 May, 1775," should be placed with our 
Coat of Arms upon the Great Seal of the State. 

The words "Esse Quam Videri" mean "to be rather than to 
seem." Nearly every State has adopted a motto, generally in Latin. 
The reason for their mottoes being in Latin is that the Latin 
tongue is far more condensed and terse than the English. The 
three words, "Esse Quam Videri," require at least six English 
words to express the same idea. 

Curiosity has been aroused to learn the origin of our State 
motto. It is found in Cicero in his essay on Friendship (Cicero de 
Amicitia, Chap. 26.) 

35 



3G NoKTii Cauolina Manual 

It is a little singulai' tliat until the act of 189:! the sovereign 
State of North Carolina had no motto since its declaration of in- 
dependence. It was one of the very few states which did not have 
a motto and the only one of the original thirteen without one. 
(Rev., s. 5320; 1893, c. 145; G. S. 144-2.) 

The State Colors 

The General Assembly of 1945 declared Red and Blue of shades 
appearing in the North Carolina State Flag and the American 
Flag as the official State Colors. (Session Laws, 1945, c. 878; 
G. S. 144-6.) 

The State Flower 

The General Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the 
State flower. (Public Laws, 1941, c. 289; G. S. 145-1.) 

The State's Toast 

Officially adopted as the toast of North Carolina by the General 
Assembly of 1957. (Session Laws, 1957, c. 777.) 

Here's to the land of the long leaf pine, 

The summer land where the sun doth shine. 

Where the weak grow strong and the strong grow great. 

Here's to "Down Home," the Old North State! 

Here's to the land of the cotton bloom white. 
Where the scuppernong perfumes the breeze at night, 
Where the soft southern moss and jessamine mate, 
'Neath the murmuring pines of the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where the galax grows, 
Where the rhododendron's rosette glows. 
Where soars Mount Mitchell's summit great , 
In the "Land of the Sky," in the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where maidens are fair. 
Where friends are true and cold hearts rare. 
The near land, the dear land whatever fate. 
The blest land, the best land, the Old North State! 

(Compo.irri in 79(1'/ by Leonora Martin and Mary Burke Kerr.) 



Public Holidays 37 

Public Holidays 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

January 19 — Birthday of General Robert E. Lee. 

February 22 — Birthday of George Washington. 

Easter Monday. (Applies to State and National Banks only). 

April 12 — Anniversary of the Resolutions adopted by the Pro- 
vincial Congress of North Carolina at Halifax, April 12, 1776, 
instructing the delegates from North Carolina to the Continental 
Congress to vote for a Declaration of Independence. 

May 10 — Confederate Memorial Day. 

May 20 — Anniversary of the "Mecklenburg Declaration of In- 
dependence." 

May 30 — Memorial Day (Applies to State and National Banks 
only). 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

September, first Monday — Labor Day. 

November, Tuesday after first Monday — General Election Day. 

November 1 1 — Veterans Day. 

November, Fourth Thursday — Thanksgiving Day. 

By joint Resolution No. 41 of Congress, approved by the Presi- 
dent December 26, 1941, the fourth Thursday in November in each 
and every year after 1941, was designated as Thanksgiving Day 
and made a legal public holiday to all intents and purposes. 

December 25 — Christmas Day. 

(G.S. 103-4). 



38 NoKTii CAKoriNA Manual 

Population 

ICTf) (Estimated » 4,000 

1701 (Estimated) 5,000 

1707 (Estimated) 7,000 

1715 (Estimated) 11,000 

1729 (Estimated) 35,000 

1752 (Estimated) 100,000 

1765 (Estimated) ._ 200,000 

1771 (Estimated) 2-50,000 

17S6 (Estimated) 350,000 

1790 (Census) 393,751 

1800 (Census) 478,103 

1810 (Census) 555,500 

1820 (Census) 638,829 

1S30 (Census) 737,987 

1840 (Census) 753,409 

1850 (Census) 869,039 

1860 (Census) 992,622 

1870 (Census) 1,071.361 

1880 (Census) 1,399,750 

1890 (Census) 1,617,947 

1900 (Census) 1,893,810 

1910 (Census) 2,206,287 

1920 (Census) 2,559,123 

1930 (Census) 3,170,276 

1940 (Census) 3,571,623 

1950 (Census) 4,061,929 

1960 (Census) 4,556,155 



THE OLD NORTH STATE 



(Traditional air as sung in 1920) 



WlLUAU GASTOH 

With spirit 



Collected and abbanoic 
BY Mbs. E. E. Randolps 






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1. Car- - li - nal Car - o - li - nal heav-en's bless-ings at - tend her, 

2. Tho' she en - vies not oth - ers, their mer - it - ed g!o - ry, 

love us, love the land that we live in] 



3. Then let all those wlio 




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While we live we wi;! cher - ish, pra - tect and de- fend her, Tho' the 
Say whose name stands the fore - most, in lib - er - ty'ssto • ry, Tho' too 

As hap ■ py a re - gion as on this side of heav-en, Where 

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scorn - er may sneer at and wit - lin^s de - fams her, Sti!i cur hearts sv/ell with 
true to her - self e'er to crouch to op -pres-sion.Who can yield to just 
plen - ty and peace, love and jsy srr.:!2 be - fore us, Raise a-lcud, rais; to- 




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glad - ness when ev - er we name her. 

rule • more loy - al sub-mis-sion. Hur 

geth - er the heart thrill - ing cho rus. 



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I 



CONSTITUTION OF THE 
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 



PREAMBLE 



We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to 
Almighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preserva- 
tion of the American Union and the existence of our civil, political 
and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon 
Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, 
do, for the more certain security thereof, and for the better gov- 
ernment of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution: 

ARTILE I 

DECLARATIOX OF EIGHTS 

That the great, general and essential principals of liberty and 
free government may be recognized and established, and that the 
relations of this State to the Union and Government of the United 
States, and those of the people of this State to the rest of the 
American people may be defined and affirmed, we do declare: 

Section 1. The equality and rights of persons. That we hold it 
to be self-evident that all persons are created equal; that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; 
that among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the fruits of 
Their own labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. Political poiver and government. That all political power 
is vested in, and derived from, the people; all government of right 
originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is 
instituted solely for the good of the whole. 

Sec. 3. Internal government of the State. That the people of 
this state have the inherent, sole and exclusive right of regulat- 
ing the internal government and police thereof, and of altering and 
abolishing their Constitution and form of government whenever 
it may be necessary to their safety and happiness; but every such 
right should be exercised in pursuance of law, and consistently 
with the Constitution of the United States. 

41 



42 XoiMii Cakoi.i.xa Mantai. 

Sec. 4. Tliiit there is no right to secede. That this State shall 
ever remain a member of the American Union; that the people 
thereof are a part of the American Nation; that there is no right 
on the part of the State to secede, and tliat all attempts, from 
whatever source or upon whatever pretext, to dissolve said Union 
or to sever said Nation, ought to be resisted with tlic whole power 
of the State. 

Sec. 5. Of allcdiance to the United States Gorernnient. That 
every citizen of this State owes paramount allegiance to the Con- 
stitution and Government of the United States, and that no law or 
ordinance of the State in contravention or subversion thereof can 
have any binding force. 

Sec. 6. Public debt; bonds issued under Ordinance of Conven- 
tion of 1S6S, '6S-'G9, '69-10, declared invalid; exception. The State 
shall never assume or pay, or authorize the collection of any debt 
or obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid of insurrection or 
rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave; nor shall the General Assembly assume 
or pay, or authorize the collection of any tax to pay, either directly 
or indirectly, expressed or implied, any debt or bond incurred, or 
issued, by authority of the Convention of the year one thou:-;and 
eight hundred and sixty-eight, nor any debt or bond incurred or 
issued by the Legislature of the year one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-eight, either at it^ special session of the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-eight, or at its regular sessions of 
the years one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight and one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty-nine, and one thousand eight 
hundred and sixty-nine and one thousand eight hundred and 
seventy, except the bonds issued to fund the interest on the old 
debt of the State, unless the proposing to pay the same shall have 
first been submitted to the people and by them ratified by the 
vote of a majority of all the qualified voters of the State, at a 
regular election held for that purpose. 

Sec. 7. Exclusive emoluments, et cetera. No person or set of 
persons are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privi- 
leges from the community but in consideration of public services. 

Sec. 8. The legislative, executive and judicial poirers distinct. 
The legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of the 
government ought to be forever separate and distinct from each 
other. 



COXSTITL TlOX 43 

Sec. 9. Of the iWKer of suspending Imvs. All power of sus- 
pending laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without 
the consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to 
their rights, and ought not to be exercised. 

Sec. 10. Elections free. All elections ought to be free. 

Sec. 11. In criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions, 
every person charged with crime has the right to be informed of 
the accusation and to confront the accusers and witnesses with 
other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and not be com- 
pelled to give self-incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail 
fees, or necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found guilty. 

Sec. 12. Ansicers to criminal charges. No person shall be put 
to answer any criminal charge except as hereinafter allowed, but 
by indictment, presentment, or impeachment. But any person, 
when represented by counsel, may. under such regulations as the 
Legislature shall prescribe, waive indictment in all except capital 
cases. 

Sec. 13. Right of jury. No person shall be convicted of any 
crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful 
persons in open court. The Legislature may, however, provide 
other means of trial, for petty misdemeanors, with the right of 
appeal. 

Sec. 14. Excessive hail. Excessive bail should not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments 
inflicted. 

Sec. 15. General trarrants. General warrants, whereby any 
officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places, 
without evidence of the act committed, or to seize any person or 
persons not named, whose offense is not particularly described and 
supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty and ought not to 
be granted. 

Sec. 16. Imprisonment for debt. There shall be no imprison- 
ment for debt in this State, except in cases of fraud. 

Sec. 17. No persons taken, etc., hut hy law of land. No person 
ought to be taken, imprisoned or disseized of his freehold, liber- 
ties, or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner de- 
prived of his life, liberty or property, but by the law of the land. 

Sec. 18. Persons restrained of liberty. Every person restrained 
of his liberty is entitled to a remedy to in(iuire into the hiwfiilness 



44 NoiiXH Cakolixa Manual 

thereof, aud to remove the same, if unlawful; and such remedy 
ought not to be denied or delayed. 

Sec. 19. Controversies at law respecting propei'ty. In all con- 
troversies at law respecting property, the ancient mode of trial 
by jury is one of the best securities of the rights of the people, 
and ought to remain sacred and inviolable. No person shall be 
excluded from jury service on account of sex. 

Sec. 20. Freedom of tJie press. The freedom of the press is one 
of the great bulwarks of liberty, and therefore ought never to be 
restrained, but every individual shall be held responsible for the 
abuse of the same. 

Sec. 21. Habeas corpus. The privilege of the writ of habeas 
corpus sliall not be suspended. 

Sec. 22. Property qualification. As political rights and privi- 
leges are not dependent upon, or modified by, property, therefore 
no property qualification ought to affect the right to vote or hold 
office. 

Sec. 23. Representation and taxation. The people of the State 
ought not to be taxed, or made subject to the payment of any 
impost or duty without the consent of themselves, or their repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 24. Militia and the right to bear arms. A well regulated 
militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right 
of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed; and, 
as standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they 
ought not to be kept up, and the military should be kept under 
strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. Nothing 
herein contained shall justify the practice of carrying concealed 
weapons, or prevent the Legislature from enacting penal statutes 
against said practice. 

Sec. 25. Right of the people to assemble together. The people 
have a right to assemble together to consult for their common 
good, to instruct their representatives, and to apply to the Legis- 
lature for redress of grievances. But secret political societies are 
dangerous to the liberties of a free people, and should not be 
tolerated. 

Sec. 26. Religious li^berty. All persons have a natural and 
inalienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dic- 
tates of their own consciences, and no huinan authority should. 



COASTITUTION 45 

in any case whatever, control or interfere witli the rights of 
conscience. 

Sec. 27. Education. The people have a right to the privilege of 
education, and it is the duty of the State to guard and maintain 
that right. 

Sec. 28. Elections should he frequent. For redress of griev- 
ances, and for amending and strengthening the laws, elections 
should be often held. 

Sec. 29. Recurrence to fundamental principles. A frequent re- 
currence to fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 30. Hereditary emoluments, etc. No hereditary emolu- 
ments, privileges, or honors ought to be granted or conferred in 
this State. 

Sec. 31. Perpetuities, etc. Perpetuities and monopolies are con- 
trary to the genius of a free State, and ought not to be allowed. 

Sec. 32. Ex post facto laics. Retrospective laws, punishing acts 
committed before the existence of such laws, and by them only 
declared criminal, are oppressive, unjust and incompatible with 
liberty; wherefore no ex post facto law ought to be made. No 
law taxing retrospectively sales, purchases, or other acts previous- 
ly done, ought to be passed. 

Sec. 33. Slavery prohibited. Slavery and involuntary servitude, 
otherwise than for crime, whereof the parties shall have been 
duly convicted, shall be, and are hereby, forever prohibited within 
the State. 

Sec. 34. State boundaries. The limits and boundaries of the 
State shall be and remain as they now are. 

Sec. 35. Courts shall be open. All courts shall be open; and 
every person for an injury done him in his lands, goods, person, 
or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law, and right 
and justice administered without sale, denial, or delay. 

Sec. 36. Soldiers in time of peace. No soldier shall, in time of 
peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; 
nor in time of war but in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 37. Other rights of the people. This enumeration of rights 
shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the 
people; and all i)owers not herein delegated remain with the 
people. 



4() XoiMII ('AlJdl.INA MaMAI. 

ARTICLE II 

I i.cisi.ATivK J)i;i'ai:t.mext 

Section 1. Tico hninclies. The legislative authority shall be 
vested iu two distinct branches, both dependent on the people, to- 
wit: a Senate and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2. Time of asscmhh/. The Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives shall meet biennially on the first Wednesday after the 
first Monday in February next after their election, unless a differ- 
ent day shall be provided by law; and when assembled, shall be 
denominated the General Assembly. Neither house shall proceed 
upon public business unless a majority of all the members are 
actually present. 

Sec. 3. Nuiuber of senators. The Senate shall be composed of 
lifty Senators, biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 4. Reuulations in relation to ciistricting the State for 
Senators. The Senate Districts shall be so altered by the General 
Assembly, at the first session after the return of every enumera- 
tion by order of Congress, that each Senate District shall contain, 
as near as may be, an equal number of inhabitants, excluding 
aliens and Indians not taxed, and shall remain unaltered until the 
return of another remuneration, and shall at all times consist of 
continguous territory; and no county shall be divided in the for- 
mation of a Senate District, unless such county shall be equitably 
entitled to two or more Senators. 

Sec. 5. Regulations in relation to apportion^nent of represen- 
tatives. The House of Representatives shall be composed of one 
hundred and twenty Representatives, biennially chosen by ballot, 
to be elected by the counties respectively, according to their popu- 
lation, and each county shall have at least one Representative in 
the House of Representatives, although it may not contain the 
requisite ratio of representation; this apportionment shall be made 
by the General Assembly at the respective times and periods when 
the districts for the Senate are hereinbefore directed to be laid 
off. 

Sec. 6. Ratio of representation. In making the apportionment 
in the House of Representatives, the ratio of representation shall 
be ascertained by dividing the amount of the population of the 
State, exclusive of that comprehended within those counties which 
do not severally contain the one hundred and twentieth part of the 



Constitution 47 

population of the State, by the number of Representatives, less 
the number assigned to such counties; and in ascertaining the 
number of the population of the State, aliens and Indians not 
taxed shall not be included. To each county containing the said 
ratio and not tv/ice the said ratio tliere shall be assigned one 
Representative; to each county containing tvi^ice but not three 
times the said ratio there shall be assigned two Representatives, 
and so on progressively, and then the remaining Representatives 
shall be assigned severally to the counties having the largest 
fractions. 

Sec. 7. (Jiiulijication.s fur .sciintur.s. Each member of the Senate 
shall not be less than twenty-five years of age, shall have resided 
in the State as a citizen two years, and shall have usually resided 
in the district for which he was chosen one year immediately 
preceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Qualifications for representatives. Each member of the 
House of Representatives shall be a qualified elector of the State, 
and shall have resided in the county for which he is chosen for 
one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 9. Election of officers. In the election of all officers, whose 
appointment shall be conferred upon the General Assembly by the 
Constitution, the vote shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 10. Powers in relation to divorce and alimony. The General 
Assembly shall have power to pass general laws regulating divorce 
and alimony, but shall not have power to grant a divorce or secure 
alimony in any individual case. 

Sec. 11. Private laics in relation to names of persons, etc. The 
General Assembly shall not have power to pass any private law 
to alter the name of any person, or to legitimate any person not 
born in lawful wedlock, or to restore to the rights of citizenship 
any person convicted of an infamous crime, but shall have power 
to pass general laws regulating the same. 

Sec. 12. Thirty days notice shall he given anterior to passaye 
of private laws. The General Assembly shall not pass any private 
law, unless it shall be made to appear that thirty days notice of 
application to pass such a law shall have been given, under such 
direction and in such manner as shall be provided by law. 

Sec. 13. Vacancies. If a vacancy shall occur in the General 
Assembly by death, resignation or otherwise, the said vacancy 
shall be filled immediately by the Governor appointing th<> person 



48 NoRTJi Carolina Manual 

recommended by the executive committee of the county in which 
the deceased or resigned member was resident, being the exec- 
utive committee of the political party with which the deceased or 
resigned member was affiliated at the time of his election. 

Sec. 14. Revenue. No law shall be passed to raise money on the 
credit of the State, or to pledge the faith of the State, directly 
or indirectly, for the payment of any debt, or to impose any tax 
upon the people of the State, or allow the counties, cities or towns 
to do so, unless the bill for the purpose shall have been read three 
several times in each House of the General Assembly and passed 
three several readings, which readings shall have been on three 
different days, and agreed to by each House respectively, and un- 
less the yeas and nays on the second and third readings of the bill 
shall have been entered on the journal. 

Sec. 15. Entails. The General Assembly shall regulate entails in 
such a manner as to prevent perpetuities. 

Sec. 16. Journals. Each House shall keep a journal of its pro- 
ceedings, which shall be printed and made public immediately 
after the adjournment of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Protest. Any member of either House may dissent 
from, and protest against, any act or resolve which he may think 
injurious to the public, or any individual, and have the reasons 
for his dissent entered on the journal. 

Sec. 18. Officers of the House. The House of Representatives 
shall choose their own Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 19. President of the Senate. The Lieutenant-Governor shall 
preside in the Senate, but shall have no vote unless it may be 
equally divided. 

Sec. 20. Other senatorial officers. The Senate shall choose its 
other officers, and also a Speaker (pro tempore) in the absence 
of the Lieutenant-Governor, or when he shall exercise the office 
of Governor. 

Sec. 21. Style of the acts. The style of the acts shall be: "The 
General Assembly of North Carolina do enact.'" 

Sec. 22. Powers of the General Assembly. Each House shall be 
judge of the qualifications and election of its own members, shall 
sit upon its own adjournment from day to day, prepare bills to be 
passed into laws; and the two Houses may also jointly adjourn 
to any future day, or other place. 



CONSTITUTIOX 49 

Sec. 23. Bills and resolutions to be read three times, etc. All 
bills and resolutions of a legislative nature shall be read three 
times in each House before they pass into laws, and shall be 
signed by the presiding officers of both Houses. 

Sec. 24. Oath of members. Each member of the General Assem- 
bly, before taking his seat, shall take an oath or affirmation that 
he will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, 
and the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, and will 
faithfully discharge his duty as a member of the Senate or House 
of Representatives. 

Sec. 25. Terms of office. The terms of office for Senators and 
members of the House of Representatives shall commence at the 
time of their election. 

Sec. 26. Yeas and nays. Upon motion made and seconded in 
either House by one-fifth of the members present, the yeas and 
nays upon any question shall be taken and entered upon the 
journals. 

Sec. 27. Election for members of the General Assembly. The 
election for members of the General Assembly shall be held for 
the respective districts and counties, at the places where they are 
now held, or may be directed hereaftei- to be held, in such manner 
as may be prescribed by law, on the first Thursday in August, 
in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and every 
two \ears thereafter. But the General Assembly may change the 
time of holding the elections. 

Sec. 28. Pay of members and presiding officers of the General 
Assembly. The members of the General Assembly for the term 
for which they have been elected shall receive as a compensation 
for their services the sum of fifteen dollars ($15.00) per day 
for each day of their session for a period not exceeding 120 days. 
The compensation of the presiding officers of the two houses shall 
be twenty dollars ($20.00) per day for a period not exceeding 
120 days. Should an extra session of the General Assembly be 
called, the members and presiding officers shall receive a like rate 
of compensation for a period not exceeding 25 days. The members 
and presiding officers shall also receive, while engaged in legis- 
lative duties, such subsistence and travel allowances as shall be 
established by law; provided, such allowances shall not exceed 
those established for members of State boards and commissions 
generally. 



."id XdiMii ("AijoiiNA Mam Ai. 

Sec. 29. Limitations upon power of General Assembly to enact 
private or special legislation. The General Assembly shall not pass 
any local, private or special act or resolution relating to the es- 
tablishment of courts inierioi- to tlic Superior Court; relating to 
the appointment of justices of the peace; relating to health, sani- 
tation, and tli( abatement of nuisances; changing the names of 
cities, towns, and townsliips; authoiMzing the laying out, opening, 
altcriuK. maintaining, or discontinuing of liigliways, streets, or 
alleys; relating to ferries or liridges; reflating to non-navigable 
streams; relating to cemeteries; relating to the pay of jurors; 
erecting new townships, or changing township lines, or establish- 
ing or changing the lines of school districts; remitting fines, 
penalties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally paid into 
the public treasury; rf^gulating labor, trade, mining, or manu- 
facturing; extending the time for the assessment or collection of 
taxes or otherwise relieving any collector of taxes from the due 
perfoimance of his official duties or his sureties from liability; 
giving effect to Informal wills and deeds; nor shall the General 
Assembly enact any such local, private or special act by the par- 
tial repeal of a general law, but the General Assembly may at any 
time repeal local, private or special laws enacted by it. Any local, 
private or special act cr resolution passed in violation of the pro- 
visions of this section shall be void. The General Assembly shall 
have power to pass general laws regulating matters set out in 
this section. 

Sec. 30. Inriolahility of sinking funds. The General Assembly 
shall not use nor authorize to be used any part of the amount of 
any sinking fund for any purpose other than the retirement of 
the bonds for which said sinking fund has been created. 

Sec. 31. Use of funds of Teachers' and State Employees' Re- 
tirement System restricted. The General Assembly shall not use 
or authorize to be used, nor shall any agency of the State, public 
officer or public employee^ use or authorize to be used the funds, 
or any part of the funds, of the Teachers' and State Employees' 
Retirement System except for retirement system purposes. The 
funds for the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System 
shall not be applied, diverted, loaned to or used by the State, any 
State agency. State officer, public officer or employee except for 
purposes of the Retirement System: Provided, that nothing in this 
Section shall prohibit the use of said funds for the payment of 



COXSTITUTIOX 51 

benefits as authoiized by the Teachers" and State Employees' Re- 
tirement Law, nor shall anything in this provision prohibit the 
proper investment of said funds as may be authorized by law. 

ARTICLE HI 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT 

Section 1. Officers of the Executive Department; Terms of 
office. The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, in 
whom shall be vested the supreme executive power of the State; a 
Lieutenant-Governor, a Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Treas- 
urer, a Superintendent of Public Instruction, an Attorney Gen- 
eral, a Commissioner of Agriculture, a Commissioner of Labor, 
and a Commissioner of Insurance, who shall be elected for a term 
of four years by the qualified electors of the State, at the same 
time and places and in the same manner as members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly are elected. Their term of office shall commence on 
the first day of January next after their election, and continue 
until their successors are elected and qualified: Provided, that the 
officers first elected shall assume the duties of their office ten days 
after the approval of this Constitution by the Congress of the 
United States, and shall hold their offices four years from and 
after the first day of January. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of Governor and Lieutenant-Governor. No 
person shall be eligible as Governor or Lieutenant-Governor un- 
less he shall have attained the age of thirty years, shall have 
been a citizen of the United States five years, and shall have been 
a resident of the State for two years next before election; nor 
shall the person elected to either of these two offices be eligible to 
the same office more than four years in any term of eight years, 
unless the office shall have been cast upon him as Lieutenant- 
Governor or President of the Senate. 

Sec. 3. Returns of elections. The return of every election for 
officers of the Executive Department shall be sealed up and trans- 
mitted to the seat of government by the returning officer, directed 
to the Secretary of State. The return shall be canvassed and the 
result declared in such manner as may be prescribed by law. Con- 
tested elections shall be determined by a joint ballot of both 
Houses of the General Assembly in such manner as shall be pre- 
scribed bv law. 



52 NoKTii Cakolixa Manual 

Sec. 1. Oalh of office for Governor. Thf Governor, before enter- 
ing upon the duties of his office, shall, in the presence of tlie mem- 
bers of both l)ranches of tlie General Assembly, or before any 
,T list ice of tlie Supreme Court, take an oath or affirmation that he 
will support the Constitution and laws of the United States, and 
of the State of North Carolina, and that he will faithfully per- 
form the duties appertaining to the office of Governor, to which 
he has been elected. 

Sec. 5. Duties of Governor. The Governor shall reside at the 
seat of government of this State, and he shall, from time to time, 
give the General Assembly information of the affairs of the State, 
and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall 
deem expedient. 

Sec. 6. Reprieves, commutations and pardons. The Governor 
shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, 
after conviction, for all offenses (except in cases of impeachment), 
iUH)n such conditions as he may think proper, subject to such 
regulations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of 
applying for pardons. He shall biennially communicate to the Gen- 
eral Assembly each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon 
granted, stating the name of each convict, the crime for which 
he was convicted, the sentence and its date, the date of commu- 
tation, pardon, or reprieve, and the reasons therefor. The terms 
reprieves, commutations and pardons shall not include paroles. 
The General Assembly is authorized and empowered to create a 
Board of Paroles, provide for the appointment of the members 
thereof, and enact suitable laws defining the duties and authority 
of such board to grant, revoke and terminate paroles. The Gov- 
ernor's power of paroles shall continue until July 1, 195 5, at which 
time said power shall cease and shall be vested in such Board 
of Paroles as may be created by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 7. Annual reports from officers of the Executive Department 
and of puhlic institutions. The officers of the Executive Department 
and of the public institutions of the State shall, at least five days 
previous to each regular session of the General Assembly, severally 
report to the Governor, who shall transmit such reports, with his 
message, to the General Assembly; and the Governor may, at any 
time, require information in writing from the officers in the 
Executive Department upon any subject relating to the duties 



Constitution 53 

of their respective offices, and sliall take care that the laws be 
faithfully executed. 

Sec. 8. Commander-in-Chief. The Governor shall be Comman- 
der-in-Chief of the militia of the State, except when they shall 
be called into the service of the United States. 

Sec. 9. Extra sessions of the General Assemhly. The Governor 
shall have power on extraordinary occasions, by and with the 
advice of the Council of State, to convene the General Assembly 
in extra session by his proclamation, stating therein the purpose 
or purposes for which they are thus convened. 

Sec. 10. Officers whose appointmejits are not otherwise pro- 
vided for. The Governor shall nominate, and by and with the 
advice and consent of a majority of the Senators-elect, appoint all 
officers whose offices are established by this Constitution and 
whose appointments are not otherwise provided for. 

Sec. 11. Duties of the Lieutenant-Governor. The Lieutenant- 
Governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote 
unless the Senate be equally divided. He shall receive such com- 
pensation as shall be fixed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 12. In case of impeachment of Governor, or vacancy caused 
liy death or resignation. In case of the impeachment of the 
Governor, his failure to qualify, his absence from the State, his 
inability to discharge the duties of his office, or, in case the office 
of Governor shall in any wise become vacant, the powers, duties 
and emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the Lieutenant- 
Governor until the disability shall cease or a new Governor shall 
1)6 elected and qualified. In every case in which the Lieutenant- 
Governor shall be unable to preside over the Senate, the Senators 
shall elect one of their own number president of their body; 
and the powers, duties and emoluments of the office of Governor 
shall devolve upon him whenever the Lieutenant-Governor shall, 
f(n- any reason, be prevented from discharging the duties of such 
office as above provided, and he shall continue as acting Governor 
until the disabilities are removed, or a new Governor or Lieuten- 
ant-Governor shall be elected and qualified. Whenever, during the 
recess of the General Assembly, it shall become necessary for the 
President of the Senate to administer the government, the Secre- 
tary of State shall convene the Senate, that they may elect such 
president. 



54 \i>i; I II Caiki! I \ \ M \ \ r Ai 

Sec. i:i. Diilics of other executive officers. The respective duties 
1)1' till' Secrelary of State, Aiidiioi-, Treasurer, Superintendent of 
l'iil)lic Instruction, At t oi-iicy CJencral, Commissioner of Agricul- 
ture, Commissioner of I.,aljor, and Commissioner of Insurance shall 
be prescribed by law. If the office of any of said officers shall be 
vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall l)e the duty of 
the Governor to appoint another until the disability be removed 
or his successor be elected and qualified. Every such vacancy shall 
be filled by election at the first general election that occurs more 
than thirty days after the vacancy has taken place, and the per- 
son chfisen shall hold the office for the remainder of the unex- 
pired term fixed in the first section of this article. Provided, that 
when the unexpired term of any of the offices named in this sec- 
tion in which such vacancy has occurred expires on the first day 
of January succeeding the next general election, the Governor 
shall appoint to fill said vacancy for the unexpired term of said 
office. 

Sec. 14. Council of State. The Secretary of State, Auditor. 
Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Commissioner 
of Agriculture, Commissioner of Labor, and Commissioner of In- 
surance shall constitute, ex officio, the Council of State, who shall 
advise the Governor in the execution of his office, and three of 
wlioir, shall constitute a quorum; their advice and proceedings 
in this capacity shall be entered in a journal, to be kept for this 
purpose, exclusively, and signed by the members present, from 
any part of which any member may enter his dissent; and such 
jtiurnal shall be placed before the General Assembly when called 
for by either house. The Attorney General shall be, ex officio, the 
legal adviser of the executive department. 

Sec. 15. Compensation of executive officers. The officers men- 
tioned in this article shall at stated periods, receive for their 
services a compensation to be established by law, which shall 
neither be increased nor diminished during the time for which 
they shall have been elected, and the said officers shall receive 
no other emolument or allowance whatever. 

Sec. 16. fieal of ^tate. There shall be a seal of the State, which 
shall be kept by the Governor, and used by him, as occasion may 
require, and shall be called "The Great Seal of the State of North 
Carolina". All grants and commissions shall be issued in the name 
and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed with 



Co.xsi 11 1 ri()\ 55 

•The Great Seal of the State", signed by the (jovernor. and 
countersigned by tlie Secretary of State. 

Sec. 17. Department of AgricidtKre, Imviigration and tStdtis- 
tics. The General Assembly shall establish a Department of 
Agriculture, Immigration, and Statistics, under such regulations as 
may best promote the agricultural interests of the State, and shall 
enact laws for the adequate protection and encouragement of 
sheep husbandry. 

Sec. 18. Department of Justice. The General Assembly is author- 
ized and empowered to create a Department of Justice under the 
supervision and direction of the Attorney General, and to enact 
suitable laws defining the authority of the Attorney General and 
other officers and agencies concerning the prosecution of crime 
and the administration of the criminal laws of the State. 

ARTICLE IV 

.HDICIAI. DKl'AltlMKXT 

Section 1. AbolinJies the di-stinction.s hetiveen uctiona ut laic and 
suits in equity, and feigned issues. The distinctions between actions 
at law and suits in equity, and the forms of all such actions and 
suits, shall be abolished; and there shall be in this State but one 
form of action for the enforcement or protection of private rights 
or the redress of private wrongs, which shall be denominated a 
civil action ; and every action prosecuted by the people of the 
State as a party, against a person charged with a public offense, 
for the punishment of the same, shall be termed a criminal action. 
Feigned issues shall also be abolished, and the facts at issue tried 
by order of court before a jury. 

Sec. 2. Division of judicial pouers. The judicial power of the 
State shall be vested in a court for the trial of impeachments, a 
Supreme Court, Superior Courts, courts of justices of the peace, 
and such other courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be 
established by law. 

Sec. 3. Tr-ial court of impeachment. The court for the trial of 
impeachments shall be the senate. A majority of the members 
shall be necessary to a quorum, and the judgment shall not extend 
beyond removal from and disqualification to hold office in this 
State; but the party shall be liable to indictment and punishment 
according to law. 



•^•i N'diMii fVvKoi.iNA Manual 

Sec. 1. I iiijH'dvhmcnl . The House of Representatives solely shall 
have the powoi- of impcacliiim. No person shall he convicted with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds of the senators present. When 
the Governor is impeached, the Chief Justice shall preside. 

Sec. 5. Trcaso)! against the State. Treason against the State 
shall consist only in levying war against it, or adlun-ing to its 
enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convict- 
ed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same 
overt act, or on confession in open court. No conviction of treason 
or attainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture. 

Sec. 6. Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall consist of a 
Chief .lust ice and four Associate Justices. The General Assembly 
may increase the number of Associate Justices to not more than 
six when the work of the Court so requires. The Court shall 
have power to sit in divisions, when in its judgment this is neces- 
sary for tlu> proi)er dispatch of l)usiness, and to make rules for 
the distribution of business between the divisions and for the 
hearing of cases by the full Court. No decision of any division 
shall become the judgment of the Court unless concurred in by 
a majority of all tin- justices; and no case involving a construc- 
tion of the Constitution of the State or of the United States shall 
be decided except by the Court in banc. All sessions of the Court 
shall be held in the city of Raleigh. This amendment made to the 
Constitution of North Carolina shall not have the effect to vacate 
any office or term of office now existing under the Constitution of 
the State, and filled or held by virtue of any election or appoint- 
ment under the said Constitution, and the laws of the State made 
in i)ursuance thereof. The General Assembly is vested with au- 
thority to provide for the retirement of members of the Supreme 
Court and for the recall of such retired members to serve on said 
Court in lieu of any active member thereof who is. for any cause, 
temporarily incapacitated. 

Sec. 7. Termn of the Supreme Court. The terms of the Supreme 
Court shall be held in the city of Raleigli, as now. until otherwise 
provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. S. Jurisdiction of Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall 
have jurisdiction to review, upon appeal, any decision of the courts 
below, upon any matter of law or legal inference. And the juris- 
diction of said court over ••issues of facf and •'questions of fact" 



Constitution 57 

shall be the same exercised by it before the adoption of the Con- 
stitution of one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, and the 
court sliall have the power to issue any remedial writs necessary 
to give it a general supervision and control over the proceedings 
of the inferior courts. 

Sec. 9. Claims against the State. The Supreme Court shall 
have original jurisdiction to hear claims against the State, but 
its decisions shall be merely recommendatory; no process in the 
nature of execution shall issue thereon; they shall be reported to 
the next session of the General Assembly for its action. 

Sec. 10. Judicial Districts for Suxterior Courts. The General 
Assembly shall divide the State into a number of judicial districts 
which number may be increased or reduced and shall provide 
for the election of one or more Superior Court judges for each 
district. There shall be a Superior Court in each county at least 
twice in each year to continue for such time in each county as may 
be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 11. Judicial Districts; Rotation; Special Superior Court 
Judges; Assignment of Superior Court Judges 1)1) Chief Justice. 
Each Judge of the Superior Court shall reside in the district for 
which he is elected. The General Assembly may divide the State 
into a number of judicial divisions. The judges shall preside in 
the courts of the different districts within a division successively; 
but no judge shall hold all the courts in the same district oftener 
than once in four years. The General Assembly may provide by 
general laws for the selection or appointment of Special or Emer- 
gency Superior Court Judges not assigned to any judicial district, 
who may be designated from time to time by the Chief Justice 
to hold court in any district or districts within the State; and the 
General Assembly shall define their jurisdiction and shall provide 
for their reasonable compensation. The Chief Justice, when in his 
opinion the public interest so requires, may assign any Superior 
Court Judge to hold one or more terms of Superior Court in any 
district. ♦ 

Sec. 12. Jurisdiction of courts inferior to Suproiie Court. The 
General Assembly shall have no power to deprive the judicial de- 
partment of any power or jurisdiction which rightfully pertains 
to it as a coordinate department of the government; but the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall allot and distribute that portion of this power 
and jurisdiction which does not pertain to the Supreme Court 



fiS XnlMII ("\i;()II\\ MWIAI. 

;im()::.ii tlw ntlicr coiirls prf^crilicd in iliis C'onsi it ut ion or which 
may i)e est al)lisli('(l l)y iaw, in such niaimcr as it may deem best; 
l»rovide also a proijer system of appeals; and res^ulate by law, 
wlien necessary, the methods ol' pioceeding in the exercise of their 
|)o\vors, of all tli<> courts below the Sui)reme Court, so far as the 
.■sauH' ma\' be done witliout '■onllici willi oilier iirovisions of this 
Constitut ion. 

Sec. i:!. /.'( ((i\r of irnivrr of frial hy jury. In all issues of fact, 
Joinid in any court, the parties may waive the ris;ht to have the 
same determined by a Jury; in which case the findings of the judge 
upon the facts shall have the force and effect of a verdict by a 
jury. 

Sec. 14. Si)Ctial cuttrl.s i)i rilics. The General Assembly shall 
provide for the establishment of special (;ourts, for the trial of 
misdemeanors, in citifs and towns, where the same may be 
necessary. 

Sec. 15. Clerk of the Suijreiitr Court. The Clerk of the Supreme 
Court shall be appointed by the Court, and shall hold his office 
for eight years. 

Sec. 16. Election of Superior Court clerk. A clerk of the Su- 
l)erior Court for each county shall be elected by the qualified 
voters thereof, at the time and in the manner prescribed by law 
for the election of members of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 17. Term of office. Clerks of the Superior Courts shall hold 
their oftlces for four years. 

Sec. 18. Fees, saluj-ies and emoluments. The Genei'al Assembly 
shall prescribe and regulate the fees, salaries, and emoluments of 
all officers provided for in this article; but the salaries of the 
judges shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

Sec. 19. Wliat laics are, and shall he, in force. The laws of 
North Carolina, not repugnant to this Constitution or the Consti- 
tution and laws of the United States, shall be in force until law- 
fully altered. 

Sec. 20. liispOHition of actions at hiir (uid .suit.s in equity, pend- 
ing xchen this Constitution sJiall go into effect, etc. Actions at law 
and suits in equity pending when this Constitution shall go into 
effect shall be transferred to the courts having jurisdiction thereof, 
without prejudice by reason of the change; and all such actions 
and suits commenced before, and pending at the adoption by the 
General Assembly of the rules of practice and procedure herein 



Co.xsriTi I i().\ 59 

provided for, shall be heard and determined according to the i)rac- 
tices now in use, unless otherwise provided for by said rules. 

Sec. 21. Election.s. terms of office, etc.. of Justices of the 
Suprenie and Judges of the Superior Courts. The .Justices of the 
Supreme Court shall be elected by the qualified voters of the 
State, as is provided for the election of members of the General 
Assembly. They shall hold their offices for eight years. The judges 
of the Superior Courts, elected at the first election under this 
amendment, shall be elected in like manner as is provided for 
Justices of the Supreme Court, and shall hold their office for 
eight years. The General Assembly may, from time to time, pro- 
vide by law that the judges of the Superior Courts, chosen at 
succeeding elections, instead of being elected by the voters of the 
whole State, as is herein provided for, shall be elected by the 
voters of their respective districts. 

Sec. 22 Transaction of business in the Superior Courts. The 
Superior Courts shall be, at all times, open for the transaction of 
all business within their jiirisdiction, except the trial of issues of 
fact requiring a jury. 

Sec. 23. Solicitors (Did Solicitorial JH.'itricts. The State shall 
be divided into twenty-one solicitorial districts, for each of which 
a solicitor shall be chosen by the qualified voters thereof, as is 
prescribed for members of the General Assembly, who shall hold 
office for the term of four years, and prosecute on behalf of the 
State in all criminal actions in the Superior Courts, and advise 
the officers of justice in his district. But the General Assembly 
may reduce or increase the number of solicitorial districts, which 
need not correspond to, or be the same as. the judicial districts 
of the State. 

Sec. 24. Sheriffs and Coroners. In each county a sheriff and a 
coroner shall be elected by the qualified voters thereof as is pre- 
scribed for the members of the General Assembly, and shall hold 
their offices for a period of four years. In each township there 
shall be a constable elected in like manner by the voters thereof, 
who shall hold his office for a period of two years. When there 
is no coroner in a county the Clerk of the Superior Court for the 
county may appoint one for special cases. In case of a vacancy 
existing for any cause in any of the offices created by this section 
the commissioners of the county may appoint to such office for the 
unexpired term. 



00 Xdltlll ("AKOll.NA MaMAI, 

Sec. 25. Vacancies. All vacancies occurring in the offices pro- 
vided for by tliis Article of tlie Constitution shall be filled by the 
appointment of the Governor, unless otherwise provided for, and 
the appointees shall hold their places until the next regular 
election for members of the General Assembly that is held more 
than :'.ii (lays after such vacancy occurs, when elections shall be 
held to till such offices. Provided, that when the unexpired term of 
any of the offices named in this Article of the Constitution in 
which such vacancy has occurred, and in which it is herein pro- 
vided that the Governor shall fill the vacancy, expires on the first 
day of January succeeding the next General Election, the Governor 
shall appoint to fill said vacancy for the unexpired term of said 
office. If any person elected or appointed to any of said offices, 
shall neglect and fail to qualify, such offices shall be appointed to. 
held and filled as provided in case of vacancies occurring therein. 
All incumbents of said offices shall hold until their successors are 
qualified. 

Sec. 26. Terms of office of first officers. The officers elected at 
the first election held under this Constitution shall hold their 
offices for the terms prescribed for them respectively, next ensuing 
after the next regular election for members of the General Assem- 
bly. But their terms shall begin upon the approval of this Con- 
stitution by the Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 27. Jurisdiction of justices of the peace. The several 
justices of the peace shall have jurisdiction, under such regula- 
tions as the General Assembly shall prescribe, of civil actions, 
founded on contract, wherein the sum demanded shall not exceed 
two hundred dollars, and wherein the title to real estate shall not 
be in controversy, and of all criminal matters arising within their 
counties where the punishment cannot exceed a fine of fifty 
dollars or imprisonment for thirty days. And the General Assem- 
bly may give to the justices of the peace jurisdiction of other 
civil actions wherein the value of the property in controversy 
does not exceed fifty dollars. When an issue of fact shall be joined 
before a justice, on demand of either party thereto he shall cause 
a jury of six men to be summoned, who shall try the same. The 
party against whom the judgment shall be rendered in any civil 
action may appeal to the Superior Court from the same. In all 
cases of a criminal nature the party against whom the judgment 
is given may appeal to the Superior Court, where the matter shall 



Constitution 61 

be heard anew. In all cases brought before a justice, he shall make 
a record of the proceedings, and file the same with the clerlv of 
the Superior Court for his county. 

Sec. 28. Vacancies in offices of justices. When the office of 
justice of the peace shall become vacant otherwise than by expira- 
tion of the term, and in case of a failure by the voters of any 
district to elect, the clerk of the Superior Court for the county 
shall appoint to fill the vacancy for the unexpired term. 

Sec. 29. Vacancies in office of Superior Court Clerk. In case the 
office of clerk of a Superior Court for a county shall become 
vacant otherwise than by expiration of the term, and in case of a 
failure by the people to elect, the judge of the Superior Court 
for the county shall appoint to fill the vacancy until an election 
can be regularly held. 

Sec. 30. Officers of other courts inferior to Supreme Court. In 
case the General Assembly shall establish other courts inferior 
to the Supreme Court, the presiding officers and clerks thereof 
shall be elected in such manner as the General Assembly may 
from time to time prescribe, and they shall hold their offices for 
a term not exceeding eight years. 

Sec. 31. Removal of judges of the various courts for inability. 
Any judge of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, and 
the presiding officers of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court 
as may be established by law, may be removed from office for men- 
tal or physical inability, upon a concurrent resolution of two-thirds 
of both Houses of the General Assembly. The judge or presiding 
officer against whom the General Assembly may be about to pro- 
ceed shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the 
causes alleged for his removal, at least twenty days before the 
day on which either House of the General Assembly shall act 
thereon. 

Sec. 32. Removal of clerks of the various cowts for inability. 
Any clerk of the Supreme Court, or of the Superior Courts, or of 
such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may be established 
by law, may be removed from office for mental or physical inabil- 
ity, the clerk of the Supreme Court by the judges of said court, the 
clerks of the Superior Courts by the judge riding the district, and 
the clerks of such courts inferior to the Supreme Court as may 
be established by law by the presiding officers of said courts. The 
clerk against whom proceedings are instituted shall receive notice 



62 N'liKiii ('AiKtiiNA Mam \i 

thert'ol, ;u r()iiii)aiiit'cl by a copy of the causes alleged for his re- 
moval, at least ten days before the day appointed to act thereon, 
and the clerk shall be entitled to an appeal to the next term of 
the Superior Court, and thence to the Supreme Court, as provided 
in other cases of appeals. 

Sec. 33. Amoiclntents not In rai-ale fxi.sliii(j offices. The amend- 
ments made to the Constitution of North Carolina by this con- 
vention shall not have the effect to vacate any office or term of 
office now existing under the Constitution of the State, and filled, 
or held, by virtue of any election or appointment under the said 
Constitution and the laws of the State made in pursuance thereof. 

ARTICLK V 

KKVK.M K AXU TAXATn)\ 

Section 1. ('(itiihitioii ta.r: exemptions. The General Assembly 
may levy a capitation tax on every male inhabitant of the State 
over twenty-one and under fifty years of age, which said tax shall 
not exceed two dollars, and cities and towns may levy a capitation 
tax which shall not exceed one dollar. No other capitation tax 
shall be levied. The commissioners of the several counties and of 
the cities and towns may exempt from the capitation tax any 
special cases on account of poverty or infirmity. 

Sec. 2. Application of proceeds of State and county capitation 
tax. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall be 
applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor, 
but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent thereof be 
appr(>priated for the latter purpose. 

Sec. 3. State taxation. The power of taxation shall be exercised 
in a just and equitable manner, and shall never be surrendered, 
suspended or contracted away. Taxes on property shall be uniform 
as to each class of property taxed. Taxes shall be levied only for 
public purposes, and every act levying a tax shall state the object 
to which it is to be applied. The General Assembly may also tax 
trades, professions, franchises, and incomes: Provided, the rate 
of tax on income shall not in any case exceed ten per cent (10% ). 
and there shall be allowed the following exemptions, to be de- 
ducted from the amount of aiuuial incomes, to-wit: for a married 
man with a wife living with l\im. or to a widow or widower having 



CoNsi in iioix 63 

minor child or children, natural or adopted, not less than $2,000; 
to all other persons not less than $1,000, and there may be allowed 
other deductions (not including living expensps) so that only net 
incomes are taxed. 

See. 4. Limifntious tiiwn the increase of j)uhlic debts. The 
General Assembly shall have the power to contr;ict debts and to 
pledge the faith and credit of the State and to authorize counties 
and municipalities to contract debts and pledge their faith and 
credit for the following purposes: To fund or refund a valid 
existing debt; to borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes 
due and payable within the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding 
fifty per centum of such taxes; to supply a casual deficit; to sup- 
press riots or insurrections, or to repel invasions. For any pur- 
pose other than these enumerated, the General Assembly shall 
have no power, during any biennium, to contract new debts on 
behalf of the State to an amount in excess of two-thirds of the 
amount by which the State's outstanding indebtedness shall have 
been reduced during the next preceding biennium, unless the sub- 
ject be submitted to a vote of the people of the State; and for any 
purpose other than these enumerated the General Assembly shall 
have no power to authorize counties or municipalities to contract 
debts, and counties and municipalities shall not contract debts, 
during any fiscal year, to an amount exceeding two-thirds of the 
amount by which the outstanding indebtedness of the partici- 
ular county or municipality shall have been reduced during the 
next preceding fiscal year, unless the subject be submitted to a 
vote of the people of the particular county or municipality. In 
any election held in the State or in any county or municipality 
under tlie provisions of this section, the proposed indebtedness 
must be approved by a majority of those who shall vote thereon. 
And the General Assembly shall have no power to give or lend the 
credit of the State in aid of any person, association, or corporation 
except to aid in the completion of such railroads as may be un- 
finished at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, or in 
which the State has a direct pecuniary interest, unless the sub- 
ject be submitted to a direct vote of the people of the State, and 
be approved by a majority of those who shall vote ther(M)n. 

Sec. 5. Property exempt from taxation. Property belonging 
to the State or to municipal corporations, shall be exempt from 
taxation. The General Assembly may exempt cemeteries and prop- 



64 XiiKTll Cakoi I.NA Mamai. 

iTly hfld lor odiuatioiial, seit-'iiiilic, lileiaiy, charitable, or re- 
ligious purposes; also wearing apparel, arms for muster, house- 
hold and kitchen furniture, the mechanical and agricultural im- 
plemiMits of mechanics and farmers; libraries and scientific instru- 
ments, or any other personal property, to a value not exceeding 
three hundred dollars. The General Assembly may exempt from 
taxation not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1 .oimi.ihi ) in value 
of property held and used as the place of residence of the owner. 
Sec. C. Taxes levied for eoiinties. The total of the State and 
I'ounty lax on property shall not exceed twenty cents (20c) on 
the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property, except when 
the county iJioperty tax is levied for a special purpose and with 
the special approval of the General Assembly, which may be done 
by special or general act: Provided, this limitation shall not apply 
to taxes levied for the maintenance of the public schools of the 
State for the term required by Article IX, Section 3, of the Con- 
stitution: Provided, further, the State tax shall not exceed five 
cents (5c) on the one hundred dollars ($100.00) value of property. 

Sec. 7. Acts levying taxes shall state objects, etc. Every act of 
the General Assembly levying a tax shall state the special object 
to which it is to hv applied, and it shall be applied to no other 
pnrpose. 

ARTICLE VI 

SlFl-ltACK AM) KLIGIBILTTY TO OFFICE 

Section 1, W'lio may vote. Every person born in the United 
States, and every person who has been naturalized, twenty-one 
years of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in this 
article, shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of 
the State, except as herein otherwise provided. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of voter. Any person who shall have re- 
sided in the State of North Carolina for one year, and in the 
precinct, ward or other election district in which such person offers 
to vote for thirty days next preceding an election, and possessing 
the other qualifications set out in this article, shall be entitled to 
vote at any election held in this State: provided, that removal from 
one precinct, ward or other election district to another in this 
State shall not operate to deprive any ])prson of the right to vote 



COXSTITUTION 65 

iu the precinct, ward or other election district from which such 
person has removed until thirty days after such removal. No 
person who has been convicted, or who has confessed his guilt in 
open court upon indictment, of any crime the punishment of which 
now is, or may hereafter be, imprisonment in the State's Prison, 
shall be permitted to vote unless the said person shall be first 
restored to citizenship in the manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. Voters to he registered. Every person offering to vote 
shall be at tire time a legally registered voter as herein prescribed, 
and in the manner hereafter provided by law, and the General 
Assembly of North Carolina shall enact general registration laws 
to carry into effect the provisions of this article. 

Sec. 4. Qualification for registration} . Every person presenting 
himself for registration shall be able to read and write any section 
of the Constitution in the English language. But no male person 
who was, on January 1, 18 67, or at any time prior thereto, entitled 
to vote under the laws of any State in the United States wherein 
he then resided, and no lineal descendant of any such person, shall 
be denied the right to register and vote at any election in this 
State by reason of his failure to possess the educational qualifica- 
tions herein prescribed: Provided, he shall have registered in ac- 
cordance with the terms of this section prior to December 1, 1908. 
The General Assembly shall provide for the registration of all 
persons entitled to vote without the educational qualifications 
herein prescribed, and shall, on or before November 1, 1908, pro- 
vide for the making of a permanent record of such registration, 
and all persons so registered shall forever thereafter have the 
right to vote in all elections by the people in this State, unless 
disqualified under section 2 of this article. 

Sec. 5. Indivisible plan; legislative intent. That this amendment 
to the Constitution is presented and adopted as one indivisible 
plan for the regulation of the suffrage, with the intent and pur- 
pose to so connect the different parts, and make them so depend- 
ent upon each other, that the whole shall stand or fall together. 

Sec. 6. Elections by people and General Assembly. All elections 
by the people shall be by ballot, and all elections by the General 
Assembly shall be viva voce. 

Sec. 7. Eligibility to office; official oath. Every voter in North 
Carolina except as in this article disqualified, shall be eligible to 



66 NiH- Ml (' \i;(ii I \ \ M A\ r Ai. 

office, IniL ht'lOic fiilci-in.i; u|)uii Lhc (liitu^ ol' ilw olTicc, lie shall 
take and subscribe the following oath: 

••I, . do soli'iiiuiy swear (or affirm I that I 
will supi'oii .iiid in;iiiit:iin tlu' Constitution and laws of the United 
States, and the Constitution and laws of North Carolina not in- 
consistent therewith, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties 
of my office as So help me, God." 

Sec. 8. iHsiiudJitivation for office. The following classes of per- 
sons shall be disqualified for oft'ice: first, all persons who shall 
deny the being of Almighty God. Second, all persons who shall 
have been convicted or confessed their guilt on indictment pend- 
ing, and whether sentenced or not, oi- under judgment suspended, 
of any treason or felony, or of any other crime for which the 
punishment may be imprisonment in tlie penitentiary, since be- 
comirig citizens of the LTnited States, or of corruption or mal- 
practice in office, unless such person shall be restored to the rights 
of citizenship in a manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. ^Vhen this chapter operative. That this amendment to 
the Constitution shall .go into eff"ect on the first day of July, nine- 
teen hundred and two. if a majority of votes cast at the next 
general <'lection shall bi' cast in favor of this suffrage amendment. 

.ARTICLE \^II 

\1 I .\ K II'AI. (OtieOPvATIO.NS 

Section 1. CnHiitti officers. In each county there shall be elected 
biennially by the (|ualified voters thereof, as provided for the elec- 
tion of members of the General Assembly, the following officers: 
A treasurer, register of deeds, surveyor, and five commissioners. 
(Under authority of the Public Laws of 1935, c. 362', s. 13, pro- 
vision was made for the quadrennial election of registers of deeds, 
certain counties being exempted.) 

Sec. 2. Buty of county coni)iiissio)iers. It shall be the duty of 
the commissioners to exercise a general supervision and control 
of the penal and charitable institutions, schools, roads, bridges, 
levying of taxes, and finances of the county, as may be prescribed 
by law. The register of deeds shall be ex officio clerk of the board 
of commissioners. 

Sec. 3. Counties to he divided into districts. It shall be the 
dutv of the commissioners first elected in each countv to divide 



CO-NS'llTUTION 67 

the same into convenient districts, to determine the boundaries and 
prescribe the name of the said districts, and to report tlie same 
to the General Assembly before the first day of January, 186'J. 

Sec. 4. TuKHsMps have corporate poivers. Upon the approval 
of the reports provided for in the foregoing section by the Gen- 
eral Assembly, the said districts shall have corporate powders for 
the necessary purposes of local government, and shall be known 
as townships. 

Sec. 5. Officers of toicn ships. In each township there shall be 
biennially elected, by the qualified voters thereof, a clerk and two 
justices of the peace, who shall constitute a board of trustees, 
and shall, under the supervision of the county commissioners, have 
control of the taxes and finances, roads and bridges of the town- 
ships.., as may be prescribed by law. The General Assembly may 
provide for the election of a larger number of justices of the peace 
in cities and towns, and in those townships in which cities and 
towns are situated. In every township there shall also be biennial- 
ly elected a school committee, consisting of three persons, whose 
duty shall be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 6. Trustees shall assess property. The township board of 
trustees shall assess the taxable property of their townships and 
make return to the county commissioners for revision, as may 
be prescribed by law. The clerk shall be, ex officio, treasurer of 
the township. 

Sec. 7. Ho debt or loan except by a majority of voters. No 
county, city, town, or other municipal corporation shall contract 
any debt, pledge its faith or loan its credit, nor shall any tax 
be levied or collected by any officers of the same except for the 
necessary expenses thereof, unless approved by a majority of 
those who shall vote thereon in any election held for such purpose. 

Sec. 8. No vioney drawn except by law. No money shall be 
drawn from any county or township treasury, except by authority 
of law. 

Sec. 9. When officers enter un duly. The county officers tirsl 
elected under the provisions of this article shall enter upon their 
duties ten days after the approval of this Constitution by tlie 
Congress of the United States. 

Sec. 10. Governor to appoint justices. The Governor shall ap- 
point a sufficient number of justices of the peace in each county, 



t>S Ndinii f'\i;(iii\.\ Mam Ai, 

who shall hold llu'ir placi's until sections four, five, and six of 
this arti(l(> shall have been carried into effect. 

Sec. 11. Charters to remain in force until legally changed. All 
charters, ordinances, and provisions relating to municipal cor- 
porations shall remain in force until legally changed, unless in- 
consistent with the provisions of this Constitution. 

Sec. 12. Debts in aid of the reheUion not to he paid. No county, 
city, town, or other municipal corporation shall assume or pay, 
nor shall any tax be levied or collected for the payment of any 
debt, or the interest upon any debt, contracted directly or indirect- 
ly in aid or support of the rebellion. 

Sec. 13. Powers of General Assemhly over municipal corpora- 
tions. The General Assembly shall have full power by statute to 
modify, change, or abrogate any and all of the provisions of this 
article, and substitute others in their place, except sections seven, 
nine and thirteen. 

ARTICLE VIII 

COKPORATIOXS OTHER THAJs' MUNICIPAL 

Section 1. Corporations under general laws. No corporation 
shall be created, nor shall its charter be extended, altered, or 
amended by special act, except corporations for charitable, educa- 
tional, penal, or reformatory purposes that are to be and remain 
under the patronage and control of the State; but the General 
Assembly shall provide by general laws for the chartering and 
organization of all corporations, and for amending, extending, and 
forfeiture of all charters, except those above permitted by special 
act. All such general laws and special acts may be altered from 
time to time or repealed; and the General Assembly may at any 
time by special act repeal the charter of any corporation. 

Sec. 2. Debts of corporations, how secured. Dues from corpora- 
tions shall be secured by such individual liabilities of the corpora- 
tions, and other means, as may be prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. What corjwrations shall include. The term "corporation" 
as used in this article, shall be construed to include all associa- 
tions and joint-stock companies having any of the powers and 
privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or part- 
nerships. And all corporations shall have the right to sue, and 
shall be sub.iect to be sued, in all courts, in like cases as natural 
persons. 



COXSTITUTIOX 69 

Sec. 4. Leyislatiire to provide for organizing cities, toivns, etc. 
It shall be the duty of the Legislature to provide by general laws 
for the organization of cities, towns, and incorporated villages, 
and to restrict their power of taxation, assessment, borrowing 
money, contracting debts, and loaning their credit, so as to prevent 
abuses in assessment and in contracting debts by such municipal 
corporations. 

ARTICLE IX 

KDUCATION 

Section 1. Education shall be encouraged. Religion, morality, 
and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happi- 
ness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever 
be encouraged. 

Sec. 2. General Assemhly shall provide for schools; separation 
of the races. The General Assembly, at its first session under this 
Constitution, shall provide by taxation and otherwise for a general 
and uniform system of public schools, wherein tuition shall be 
free of charge to all the children of the State between the ages of 
six and twenty-one years. And the children of the white race and 
the children of the colored race shall be taught in separate public 
schools; but there shall be no discrimination in favor of, or to the 
prejudice of, either race. 

Sec. 3. Counties to he divided into districts. Each county of the 
State shall be divided into a convenient number of districts, in 
which one or more public schools shall be maintained at least six 
months in every year; and if the commissioners of any county 
shall fail to comply with the aforesaid requirements of this sec- 
tion, they shall be liable to indictment. 

Sec. 4. What property devoted to educational purposes. The 
proceeds of all lands that have been or hereafter may be granted 
by the United States to this State, and not otherwise appropriated 
by this State or the United States; also all moneys, stocks, bonds, 
and other property now belonging to any State fund for purposes 
of education; also the net proceeds of all sales of the swamp lauds 
belonging to the State, and all other grants, gifts or devises that 
have been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not other- 
wise appropriated by the State, or by the terms of the grant, gift 



70 XdiMii ('\i;iii.i\\ M A.MAI. 

or devise, shall be p.iid into I lie State Treasury, and, tojielher with 
so iniich n\' the oidiiiary i-evcnui' of tlie State as may be by law 
set i'part I'or tliat purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated for 
(>stal)lishin^ and inaintaiuiiig in this State a system of free pub- 
lic schools, and for no other uses or i)urposes whatsoever. 

Sec. 5. Count !/ svhooJ fund: proviso. All money, stocks, bonds, 
and otiier i)roperty belouRins to a county school fund; also the 
iii't proceeds from the sale of estrays; also the clear proceeds of 
all penalties and forfeitures and of all fines collected in the several 
counties for any Ijrcach of the penal or military laws of the State; 
and all moneys which shall be paid by persons as an equivalent for 
e.xemption from military duty shall belong to and remain in the 
several counties, and shall be faithfully appropriated for estab- 
lishing and maintaining free public schools in the several coun- 
ties of this State: Provided, that the amount collected in each 
county shall be annually rejiorted to the Superintendent of Public 
Instruction. 

Sec. 6. Election of trustees, anO provisions for maintenance, of 
the University. The General Assembly shall have power to pro- 
vide for the election of trustees of the University of North Caro- 
lina, in whom, when chosen, shall be vested all the privileges, 
rights, franchises and endowments thereof in any wise granted to 
or conferred upon the trustees of said University; and the Gen- 
eral Assembly may make such provisions, laws, and regulations 
from time to time, as may be necessary and expedient for the 
maintenance and management of said University. 

Sec. 7. Benefits of the University. The General Assembly shall 
provide that the benefits of the University, as far as practicable, 
be extended to the youth of the State tree cf expense for tuition; 
also, that all the property which has heretofore accrued to the 
State, or shall hereafter accrue, from escheats, unclaimed divi- 
dends, or distributive shares of the estates of deceased persons, 
shall be appropriated to the use of the University. 

Sec. 8. State Board of Education. The general supervision and 
administration of the free public school system, and of the edu- 
cational funds provided for the support thereof, except those 
mentioned in Section five of this Article, shall, from and after 
the first day of April, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five, 
be vested in the State Board of Education to consist of the Lieu- 
tenant-Governor, State Treasurer, the Superintendent of Public 



Constitution 71 

Instruction, and ten members to be appointed by the GoA'ernor, 
subject to confirmation by the General Assembly in joint session. 
The General Assembly shall divide the State into eight educational 
districts, which may be altered from time to time by the General 
Assembly. Of the appointive members of the State Board of Edu- 
cation, one shall be appointed from each of the eight educational 
districts, and two shall be appointed as members at large. The first 
appointments under this section shall be: Two members appointed 
from educational districts for terms of two years; two members 
appointed from educational districts for terms of four years; two 
members appointed from educational districts for terms of six 
years; and two members appointed from educational districts for 
terms of eight years. One member at large shall be appointed 
for a period of four years and one member at large shall be 
appointed for a period of eight years. All subsequent appoint- 
ments shall be for terms of eight years. Any appointments to fill 
vacancies shall be made by the Governor for the unexpired term, 
which appointments shall not be subject to confirmation. The 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be the adminis- 
trative head of the public school system and shall be secretary of 
the board. The board shall elect a chairman and vice-chairman. A 
majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the trans- 
action of business. The per diem and expenses of the appointive 
members shall be provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 9. Powers and duties of the hoard. The State Board of 
Education shall succeed to all the powers and trusts of the Presi- 
dent and Directors of The Literary Fund of North Carolina and 
the State Board of Education as heretofore constituted. The State 
Board of Education shall have power to divide the State into a 
convenient number of school districts; to regulate the grade, salary 
and qualifications of teachers, to provide for the selection and 
adoption of the textbooks to he used in the public schools; to 
apportion and equalize the public school funds over the State; 
and generally to supervise and administer the free public school 
system of the State and make all needful rules and regulations 
in relation thereto. All the powers enumerated in this section shall 
be exercised in conformity with this Constitution and subject to 
such laws as may be enacted from time to time by the General 
Assembly. 



72 Xfiirni Cauoi.ixa MA>r.\i. 

Sec. 1(1. Aiiritiillnrdl dcinirt Client . As soon as practicable after 
the adoption of lliis Constitution, the General Assembly shall 
• 'stalilish and niahitain, in connection with the University, a de- 
partment of agriculture, of me('hanics, of mining, and of normal 
instruction. 

Sec. 11. VMldren must utteiul school. The General Assembly is 
hereby empowered to enact that every child, of sufficient mental 
and physical ability, shall attend the public schools during the 
period between the ages of six and eighteen years, for a term of 
not less than sixteen months, unless educated by other means. 

Sec. 12. Education expense grants and local option. Notwith- 
standing any other provision of this Constitution, the General 
Assembly may provide for payment of education expense grants 
from any State or local public funds for the private education of 
any child for whom no public school is available or for the private 
education of a child who is assigned against the wishes of his 
parent, or the person having control of such child, to a imblic 
school attended by a child of another race. A grant shall be avail- 
able only for education in a nonsectarian school, and in the case 
of a child assigned to a public school attended by a child of another 
race, a grant shall, in addition, be available only when it is not 
reasonable and practicable to reassign r-ucli child to a public school 
not attended by a child of another race. 

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Constitution, the 
General Assembly may provide for a uniform system of local option 
whereby any local option unit, as defined by the General Assembly, 
may choose by a majority vote of the qualified voters in the unit 
who vote on the question to suspend or to authorize the suspension 
of the operation of one or more or all of the public schools in that 
unit. 

No action taken pursuant to the authority of this Section shall 
in any manner affect the obligation of the State or any political 
subdivision or agency thereof with respect to any indebtedness 
heretofore or hereafter created. 

ARTICLE X 

IlOMKSTEAnS AND EXEMPTIONS 

Section 1. E.vemptions of personal property. The personal prop- 
erty of any resident of this State, to the value of five hundred 
dollars, to be selected by such resident, shall be and is hereby 



Constitution 73 

exempted from sale under execution or other final process of any 
court, issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Homestead. Every homestead, and the dwellings and 
buildings used therewith, not exceeding in value one thousand 
dollars, to be selected by the owner thereof, or in lieu thereof, 
at the option of the owner, any lot in a city, town or village with 
the dwellings and buildings used thereon, owned and occupied by 
any resident of this State, and not exceeding the value of one 
thousand dollars, shall be exempt from sale under execution or 
other final process obtained on any debt. But no property shall be 
exempt from sale for taxes, or for payment of obligations con- 
tracted for the purchase of said premises. 

Sec. 3. Homestead exemption from debt. The homestead, after 
the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment 
of any debt during the minority of his children, or any of them. 

Sec. 4. Laborer's Hen. The provisions of sections one and two 
of this article shall not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's 
lieu for work done and performed for the person claiming such 
exemption, or a mechanic's lien for work done on the premises. 

Sec. 5. Benefit of widoir. If the owner of a homestead die, 
leaving a widow but no children, the same shall be exempt from 
the debts of her husband, and the rents and profits thereof shall 
inure to her benefit during her widowhood, unless she be the owner 
of a homestead in her own right. 

Sec. 6. Property of married womeyi secured to them. The real 
and personal property of any female in this State acquired before 
marriage, and all property, real and personal, to which she may, 
after marriage, become in any manner entitled, shall be and re- 
main the sole and separate estate and property of such female, 
and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations, or engagements 
of her husband, and may be devised and bequeathed, and, with the 
wiitten assent of her husband, conveyed by her as if she were 
u)imarried. Every married woman may exercise powers of attorney 
conferred upon her by her husband, including the power to execute 
and acknow^ledge deeds to property owned by her or by herself 
and her husband or by her husband. 

Sec. 7. Husband may insure his life for the benefit of wife and 
children. The husband may insure his own life for the sole use 
and benefit of his wife and children, and in case of the death 
of the husband the amount thus insured shall be paid over to the 



74 NOHTII CAKOr.I.NA MAM'AT. 

wife and cliildtcn, or to the guardian, if under age, for lier or 
their own use, free from all chiinis of the representatives of her 
husband, or any of his creditors. And the policy shall not be sub- 
ject to claims of creditors of the insured during the life of the 
insured, if the insurance issued is for the sole use and benefit of 
tlie wife and/or children. 

Sec. 8. Hoic deed for homestead may be made. Nothing con- 
tained in the foregoing sections of this article shall operate to 
prevent the owner of a homestead from disposing of the same by 
deed; but no de(>d made by the owner of a homestead shall be 
valid without the signature and acknowledgment of his wife. 

ARTICLE XI 

inXISII.MEXTS, PEXAL IXSTITUTIOXS, AXD PUBLIC CHAKITIES 

Section 1. Punishments ; convict labor; proviso. The following 
punishments only shall be known to the laws of this State, viz: 
death, imprisonment with or without hard labor, fines, removal 
from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of 
honor, trust, or profit under this State. The foregoing provision 
for imprisonment with hard labor shall be construed to authorize 
the employment of such convict labor on public works or high- 
ways, or other labor for public benefit, and the farming out there- 
of, where and in such manner as may be provided by law; but 
no convict shall be farmed out who has been sentenced on a 
charge of murder, manslaughter, rape, attempt to commit rape, 
or arson: Provided, that no convict whose labor may be farmed 
out shall be punished for any failure of duty as a laborer, except 
by a responsible officer of the State; but the convicts so farmed 
out shall be at all times under the supervision and control, as to 
their government and discipline, of the penitentiary board or some 
officer of this State. 

Sec. 2. Death punishment. The object of punishments being 
not only to satisfy justice, but also to reform the offender, and 
thus prevent crime, murder, arson, burglary, and rape, and these 
only, may be punishable with death, if the General Assembly shall 
so enact. 

Sec. 3. Penitentiary. The General Assembly shall, at its first 
meeting, make provision for the erection and conduct of a State's 
prison or penitentiary at some central and accessible point within 
the State. 



Constitution To 

Sec. 4. Houses of correctiun. The General Assembly may pro- 
vide for the erection of houses of correction, where vagrants and 
persons guilty of misdemeanors shall be restrained and usefully 
employed. 

Sec. 5. Houses of refuge. A house or houses of refuge may be 
established whenever the public interests may require it, for the 
correction and instruction of other classes of offenders. 

Sec. 6. The sexes are to he separated. It shall be required, by 
competent legislation, that the structure and superintendence of 
penal institutions of the State, the >"ounty jails, and city police 
prisons secure the health and comfort of the prisoners and that 
male and female prisoners be never confined in the same room or 
cell. 

Sec. 7. Provision for the poor and orphans. Beneficent provi- 
sions for the poor, the unfortunate and orphan, being one of the 
first duties of a civilized and Christian state, the General Assem- 
bly shall, at its first session, appoint and define the duties of a 
board of public charities, to whom shall be entrusted the super- 
vision of all charitable and penal State institutions, and who shall 
annually report to the Governor upon their condition, with sug- 
gestions for their improvement. 

Sec. 8. Orphan houses. There shall also, as soon as practicable, 
be measures devised by the State for the establishment of one 
or more orphan houses, where destitute orphans may be cared 
for, educated, and taught some business or trade. 

Sec. 9. Inehriates and idiots. It shall be the duty of the Legis- 
lature, as soon as practicable, to devise means for the education 
of idiots and inebriates. 

Sec. 10. Deaf-mutes, blind, and insane. The General Assembly 
may provide that the indigent deaf-mute, blind, and insane of the 
State shall be cared for at the charge of the State. 

Sec. 11. Self-supporting. It shall be steadily kept in view by 
the Legislature and the Board of Public Charities that all penal 
and charitable institutions should be made as nearly self-suijport- 
ing as is consistent with the purposes of their creation. 

ARTICLE XII 

MILITIA 

Section 1. Who are liable to militia duty. All able-bodied male 
citizens of the State of North Carolina, between the ages of 



76 North Cakoi.ina Manual 

twenty-one and forty years, who are citizens of the United States, 
shall be liable to duty in the militia: Provided, that all persons 
who may be averse to bearing arms, from religious scruples, shall 
be exempt therefrom. 

Sec. 2. Orpanizing, etc. The General Assembly shall provide for 
the organizing, arming, equipping, and discipline of the militia, 
and for paying the same, when called into active service. 

Sec. 3. Governor covimancler-in-chief . The Governor shall be 
commander-in-chief, and shall have power to call out the militia 
to execute the law, suppress riots or insurrections, and to repel 
invasion. 

Sec. 4. Exemptions. The General Assembly shall have power to 
make such exemptions as may be deemed necessary, and to enact 
laws that may be expedient for the governmpnt of the militia. 

ARTICLE Xlll 

AMENDMENTS 

Section 1. Convention, how called. No convention of the people 
of this State shall ever be called by the General Assembly unless 
by tlie concurrence of two-thirds of all of the members of each 
House of the General Assembly, and except the proposition, con- 
vention or no convention, be first submitted to the qualified voters 
of the whole State, at the next general election, in a manner to 
be prescribed by law. And should a majority of the votes cast be 
in favor of said convention, it shall assemble on such day as may 
be prescribed by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 2. How the Co7istitution may be altered. No part of the 
Constitution of this State shall be altered unless a bill to alter 
the same shall have been agreed to by three-fifths of each House 
of the General Assembly. And the amendment or amendments so 
agreed to shall be submitted at the next general election to the 
qualified voters of the wiiole State, in such manner as may be 
prescribed by law. And in the event of their adoption by a 
majority of the votes cast, such amendment or amendments shall 
become a part of the Constitution of this State. 

ARTICLE XIV 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Section 1. Indictments. All indictments which shall have been 
found, or may hereafter be found, for any crime or offense com- 



Constitution 77 

mitted before this Constitution takes effect, may be proceeded 
upon in the proper courts, but no punishment shall be inflicted 
wliich is forbidden by this Constitution. 

Sec. 2. Penalty for fighting duel. No person who shall hereafter 
tight a duel, or assist in the same as a second, or send, accept, or 
knowingly carry a challenge therefor, or agree to go out of the 
State to fight a duel, shall hold any office in this State. 

Sec. 3. Dratoing money. No money shall be drawn from the 
Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and 
an accurate account of the receipts and expenditures of the public 
money shall be annually published. 

Sec. 4. Mechanic's lien. The General Assembly shall provide, by 
proper legislation, for giving to mechanics and laborers an ade- 
quate lien on the subject-matter of their labor. 

Sec. 5. Governor to make appointments. In the absence of any 
contrary provision, all officers of this State, whether heretofore 
elected or appointed by the Governor, shall hold their positions 
only until other appointments are made by the Governor, or, if 
the officers are elective, until their successors shall have been 
chosen and duly qualified according to the provisions of this 
Constitution. 

Sec. 6. (S'eaf of government. The seat of government in this State 
shall remain at the city of Raleigh. 

Sec. 7. Holding office. No person who shall hold any office or 
place of trust or profit under the United States, or any depart- 
ment thereof, or under this State, or under any other state or 
government, shall hold or exercise any other office or place of 
trust or profit under the authority of this State, or be eligible to 
a seat in either House of the General Assembly: Provided, that 
nothing herein contained shall extend to officers in the militia, 
notaries public, justices of the peace, commissioners of public 
charities, or commissioners for special purposes. 

Sec. 8. Intermarriage of whites and Negroes prohibited. All 
marriages between a white person and a Negro, or between a 
white person and a person of Negro descent to the third genera- 
tion, inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited. 




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THE AMERICAN'S CREED 

I believe in the United States of America, as a government of 
the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are 
derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a re- 
public; a sovereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect 
union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of 
freedom, equality, justice and humanity for which American 
patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it 
is my duty to my country to love it, to support its constitution, 
to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all 
enemies. 

(The American's Creed by William Tyler Page was adopted by 
an act of Congress, April 6, 1918.) 

THE AMERICAN FLAG, ITS ORIGIN 

In 177 5, the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse carried a stand- 
ard with thirteen alternate blue and silver stripes in the upper 
left-hand corner. At Cambridge on January 2, 1776, Washington 
without authorization of the Continental Congress raised a flag 
consisting of thirteen alternate white and red stripes with the 
crosses of St. George and St. Andrew in a blue field in the upper 
left-hand corner. It was called the '-Union Flag," "Grand Union 
Flag," and the "Continental Flag," and was employed until dis- 
placed by the Stars and Stripes adopted by the Continental Con- 
gress. 

The beautiful tradition that Betsy Ross, as early as June 1776, 
made a Stars and Stripes flag from a pencil sketch supplied by 
Washington but changed the points of the stars from six to five, 
has become a classic. Historians doubt its accuracy. Half a dozen 
localities claim to have been the place where the Stars and Stripes 
was first used. Within New York State such contention has been 
for Fort Ann on July 8, Fort Stanwix on August 3, Bennington 
on August 13, and Saratoga on September 19, 1777. The flag with 
thirteen stripes and thirteen stars, authorized on June 14, 1777, 
continued to be used as the national emblem until Congress passed 
the following act, which President Washington signed: 

"That from and after May 1, 1795, the flag of the United States 
be fifteen stripes, alternate red and white; and that the union be 
fifteen stars, white in a blue field." 

81 



82 Noum Caiu)1.i.\a Mamai, 

This action wass necessitated !)>■ ili" adinissioii of tlir States of 
Wrmont and Kentucky to the I'nion. 

The liag of 1795 had the stars arranged in three rows of five 
each instead of in a circle, and served for 2;^ years. 

W'itli the admission of more new states, however, it l)ecanie 
apparent tliat tlir 1795 flag would have to he further modified; 
litMice in ISIS a law was passed by Congress providing: 

■That from and after the fourth day of July next, the fiag 
of the United States be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red 
and white; that the union have twenty stars, white in ;t blue field. 

"That on the admission of every new state into the Union, one 
star be added to the union of the flag: and that such addition 
shall talve effect on the Fourth of July next succeeding su(;h 
admission." 

Since 181S additional stars have been added until today tliere 
are 50 on the flag. No law has been passed to designate liow the 
stars shall be arranged. At one time tliey formed a design of a 
larger star. Now they form five rows of six stars each and four 
rows of five stars each. 

Betsy Ross, it is now said, lived at 233 Arch Street, Pliiladelphia, 
and not at 239. She made flags, but says Theodore D. Gottlieb, 
she never made the first Stars and Stripes. He adds: "The Depart- 
ment of State, the War and Navy departments, the Historical 
Sites Commission of Philadelphia and other official bodies repudi- 
ate ihe legend. The book and pamphlet material available is over- 
whelmingly against the legend. 

"The story arose for the first time on March 14, IS 70, when 
William J. Canby read a paper before the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society in which he states that in 183 6, wlien his grandmother, 
Betsy Ross, was 84 years old and he was 11, she told him the 
story. He apparently thought little of it because nothing was done 
until 1857, when at the suggestion of his Aunt Clarissa, oldest 
daugliter of Betsy, he wrote out the notes as he remembered the 
conversation. 

"Nothing further was doni' until 18 70 when he wrote his paper. 

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania thought so little of the 
paper it neither catalogued nor kept a copy of it. Even George 
Canby, younger brother of William, disputed several points in the 
paper. 



The American Flac; 83 

■'The legend grew to strength from 18S8 to 189 3 when pro- 
moters secured an option on the so-called Flag House. 

"iModern historical researchers are giving much thought to 
Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey as the possible designer and 
the Fillmore or Bennington flag as the first flag." 

The Proper Display of the American Flag 

Sec. 2. (a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only 
from sunrise to sunset en buildings and on stationary flagstaffs 
in the open. However, the flag may be displayed at night upon 
special occasions when it is desired to produce a patriotic effect. 

(b) The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoni- 
ously. 

(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather 
is inclement. 

(d) The flag should be displayed on all days when the weather 
permits, especially on New Year's Day, January 1; Inauguration 
Day, January 20; Lincoln's Birthday, February 12; Washington's 
Birthday, February 22; Army Day, April 6; Easter Sunday (var- 
iable) ; Mother's Day, second Sunday in May; Memorial Day 
(half staff until noon). May 30; Flag Day, June 14; Independence 
Day, July 4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Constitution 
Day, September 17; Columbus Day, October 12; Navy Day, Octo- 
ber 27; Armistice Day, November 11; Thanksgiving Day, fourth 
Thursday in November; Christmas Day, December 25; such other 
days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States; 
the birthdays of States (dates of admission) ; and on State holi- 
days. 

.(e) The flag should be displayed daily, weather permitting, on 
or near the main administration building of every public institu- 
tion. 

(f) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place 
nn election days. 

(g) The flag should be displayed during school days in or near 
every schoolhouse. 

Sec. 3. That the flag, when carried in a procession with another 
flag or flags, should be either on the marching right; that is, the 



84 North Carolina Manual 

flag's own right, or, if (here is a line of other flags, in fiont of the 
center of that line. 

(a) The flag should not be displayed on a iloat in a parade except 
from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i). 

(b) Tlic Hag should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, or 
back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag 
is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to the 
chassis or clamped to the radiator cap. 

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on 
the same level, to the right of the f^ag cf the United States of 
America, except during cluirch services conducted by naval chap- 
lains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above the flag 
during the church services for the personnel of the Navy. 

(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is dis- 
played with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should 
be on the right, the flag's own right, and its staff sliould be in front 
of the staff of the other flag. 

(e) The flag of the United States oi America should be at the 
center and at the highest point of the group when a number of 
flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped 
and displayed from staffs. 

(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of 
societies are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United 
States, the latter should always be at the peak. When the flags 
are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should 
be hoisted first and lowered last. No such fiag or pennant may 
be placed above the flag of the United States or to the right of 
the flag of the United States. 

(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are 
to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags 
should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids 
the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation 
in time of peace. 

(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a staff 
projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, bal- 
cony, or front of a building, the union of the flag should be placed 
at the peak of the stafl! unless the flag is at half staff. When the 



The American Flag 85 

(lag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending from a 
house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should be 
hoisted out, union first, from the building. 

{i) When the flag is displayed otherwise than by being flown 
from a staff, it should bo displayed Hat, whether indoors or out. 
When displayed either horizontally or vertically against a wall, 
the union should be uppermost and to the flag's own right; that 
is, to the observer's left. When displayed in a window, the fl.ag 
should be displayed in the same way; that is, with the union or 
blue field to the left of the observer in the street. 

(j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it 
should be suspended vertically with the luiion to the north in an 
east and west street or to the east in the north and south street. 

(k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed 
flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When dis- 
played from a staff in a church or public auditorium, if it is dis- 
played in the chancel of a church, or on the speaker's platform 
in a public auditorium, the flag should occupy the position of honor 
and be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's right as he faces the 
congregation or audience. Any other flag so displayed in the chan- 
cel or on the platform should be placed at the clergyman's or 
speaker's left as he faces the congregation or audience. But when 
the flag is displayed from a staff in a church or public auditorium 
elsewhere than in the chancel or on the platform it shall be placed 
in the position of honor at the right of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. Any other flag so dis- 
played should be placed on the left of the congregation or audi- 
ence as they face the chancel or platform. 

(1) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony 
of unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never be used 
as the covering for the statue or monument. 

(m) The (iag, when flown at half-staft', should be first hoisted 
to the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff posi- 
tion. The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is low- 
ered for the day. By "half-stafl:" is meant hauling the flag to one- 
half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff. Crepe 
streamers may be affixed to spear heads or flagstaffs in a parade 
onlv bv order of the President of the United States. 



86 Xoi;i H Cakoi.ina Ma>ual 

(11) When the Hat; is iiscrt to cover a casket, it .siiouki be so 
placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. 
The flag should not l)e lowered into the t?rave nor allowed to touch 
the ground. 

Sec. 4. That no disrespect should be shown to the flag of the 
United States of America; the flag should not be dipped to any 
person or thing. Regimental colors, State flags, and organizations 
or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor. 

(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down 
save as a signal of dire distress. 

(b) The flag should' never touch anything beneath it, such as 
the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise. 

(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but 
always aloft and free. 

(d) The flag should never be used as drapery of any sort what- 
soever, never festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always 
allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white, and red, always ar- 
ranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red 
below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping the 
front of a platform, and for decoration in general. 

(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored 
in such a manner as will permit it to be easily torn, soiled, or 
damaged in any way. 

(f ) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling. 

(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on part of 
it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, de- 
sign, picture, or drawing of any nature. 

(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving. 
holding, carrying, or delivering anything. 

(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in 
any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such 
articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or other- 
wise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that is de- 
signed for temporary use and discard; or used as any portion of a 
costume or athletic uniform. Advertising signs should not be fas- 
tened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown. 



The Americax Flag 87 

(j) The flag, when it is in such condition lluit it is no lonsei" a 
fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, 
preferably by burning. 

Sec. 5. That during the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the 
flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in a review, all 
persons present should face the flag, stand at attention, and salute. 
Those present in uniform should render the right-hand salute. 
When not in uniform, men should remove the headdress with the 
right hand holding it at the left shoulder, the hand being over 
the heart. Men without hats merely stand at attention. Women 
should salute by placing the right hand over the heart. The salute 
to the flag in the moving column should be rendered at the mo- 
ment the flag passes. 

Sec. 6. That when the national anthem is played and the flag 
is not displayed, all present should stand and face toward the 
music. Those in uniform should salute at the first note of the 
anthem, retaining this position until the last note. All others 
stand at attention, men removing the headdress. When the flag 
is displayed, the salute to the flag should be given. 

Sec. 7. That the pledge of allegiance to the I'ag, "I pledge al- 
legiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the 
Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, 
with liberty and justice for all," be rendered by standing with the 
right hand over the heart: extending the right hand, palm upward, 
toward the flag at the words "to the flag" and holding this po-^ition 
until the end, when the hand drops to the side. However, civilians 
will always show full respect to the flag when the pledge is given 
by merely standing at attention, men removing the headdress. Per- 
sons in uniform shall render the military salute. 

Sec. 8. Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag 
of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, 
modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may 
be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy 
of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or 
desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set 
forth in a proclamation. 



88 NoiiTii Cakoi.ina Mamat. 

The Pledge to the Flag 

(Taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily) 

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, 
And to the Republic for which it stands, 
One Nation under God, indivisible, 
With liberty and justice for all." 

The Pledge to the Flag, according to a report of the Historical 
Committee of the United States Flag Association (May 18, 1939), 
was written by Francis Bellamy (August 1892), a member of the 
editorial staff of The Youth's Companion, in Boston, Massachu- 
setts. It was first repeated at the exercises in connection with 
the celebration of Columbus Day (October 12, 1892. Old Style). 
The idea of this national celebration on Columbus Day was largely 
that of James B. Upham, one of the junior proprietors of The Youth's 
Companion. 

Francis Hopkinson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
was the designer of the Stars and Stripes — not Betsy Ross of 
Philadelphia, who made flags. He also designed the first Great 
Seal of the United States, and a number of coins and several items 
of paper currency in the early days of the Republic. 

Hopkinson, born in Philadelphia (September 21, 1737), and a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, was the firs!: native 
American composer of a secular song, "My Days Have Been So 
Wondrous Free." He was a lawyer and later a judge in New Jersey 
and then in Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia (May 9, 1791). 
His portrait, painted by himself, hangs in the rooms of the Penn- 
sylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia. He played the organ and 
harpsichord. 



THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON 

The Capitol building in Washington, D. C, is situated on a 
plateau 88 feet above the level of the Potomac River and covers 
an area of 153,112 square feet, or approximately three and one- 
half acres. Its length, from north to south, is 751 feet, four inches; 
its width, including approaches, is 3 50 feet; and its location is 
described as being in latitude 38°53'20.4" N. and longtitude 
70°00'35.7" W. from Greenwich. Its height above the base line on 
the east front to the top of the Statue of Freedom is 287 feet, 
five and one-half inches. The dome is built of iron, and the aggre- 
gate weight of material used in its construction is 8,9 9,2 00 
pounds. 

The Statue of F'reedom surmounting the dome is of bronze and 
weighs 14,9 8 5 pounds. It was modeled by Thomas Crawford, 
father of Francis Marion Crawford, the novelist, in Rome, and 
the plaster model shipped to this country. It was cast in bronze 
at the shops of Clark Mills, on the Bladensburg Road, near Wash- 
ington. The cost of the casting and the expenses in connection 
were $20,796.82, and the sculptor was paid $3,000 for the plaster 
model. It was erected and placed in its present position December 
2, 1863. 

The grounds have had an area of 5 8.8 acres, at one time a part 
of Cern Abby Manor, and at an early date were occupied by a 
subtribe of the Algonquin Indians known as the Powhatans, whose 
council house was then located at the foot of the hill. By sub- 
sequent purchase of ground at the North of the Capitol and at 
the west of the new House Office building the area of the grounds 
has been increased to 139 1/^ acres. 

The Rotunda is 9 7 feet 6 inches in diameter, and its height from 
the floor to the top of the canopy is ISO feet, 3 inches. 

The Senate Chamber is 113 feet, 3 inches, in length by 8 feet, 
3 inches, in width and 3 6 feet in height. The galleries will ac- 
commodate 68 2 persons. 

The Representatives' Kail is 139 feet in length by 93 feet in 
width and 3 6 feet in height. 

The room, until 1935 the meeting place of the Supreme Court, 
was, until 18 59, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to that 

89 



!Mi Xdiriii Cauoi.i.na Mamai. 

liiiH thr court occuiiied tlie i-ooin ininicdiatcly beneath, now used 
as a law library. 

Tin ('ai)itol has a floor area of 14 acres, and 430 rooms are de- 
voted to office, committee, and storage purposes. There are 14,518 
square feet of skylights, 67 9 windows, and 5 50 doorways. 

The dome receives light through 108 windows, and from the 
architect's office to the dome there are 365 steps, one for each day 
of the year. 

The southeast cornerstone of the original building was laid Sep- 
tember 18, 1793, by President Washington, with Masonic cere- 
monies. It is constructed of sandstone from quarries on Aquia 
Creek, Va. The original designs were prepared by Dr. William 
Thornton, and the work was done under the direction of Stephen 
H. Hallet, James Hoban, George Hadfield, and B. H. Latrobe, 
architects. 

The north wing was finished in 1800 and the south wing in 1811. 
A wooden passageway connected them. On August 24, 1814, the 
interior of both wings was destroyed by fire, set by the British. 
The damage to the building was immediately repaired. 

In 1818 the central portion of the building was commenced 
under the architectural superintendence of Charles Bullfinch. The 
original building was finally completed in 1827. Its cost, including 
the grading of the grounds, alterations, and repairs, up to 1827, 
was $2,433,844.13. 

The cornerstone of the extensions was laid on the Fourth of 
July, 1851, by President Fillmore, Daniel Webster officiating as 
orator. This work was prosecuted under the architectural direc- 
tion of Thomas V. Walter until 18 65, when he resigned, and it was 
completed under the supervision of Edward Clark. The material 
used in the walls is white marble from the quarries of Lee, Massa- 
chusetts, and that in the columns from the quarries from Cokeys- 
ville. Maryland. The House extension was first occupied for legis- 
lative purposes December 16, 1857, and the Senate January 4, 
1859. 

The House office building was begun in 19 0.") and occupied on 
Jantiary 10, 1908; later a story on top was added. The Senate 
office building was started in 1906 and occupied on March 5, 1909. 
The House building cost, with site, $4,860,155; the Senate struc- 
ture. $5,019,251. 



The Natioxai, Caitioi- 91 

Among the paintings in the Capitol are: 

In Rotunda: Signing of tlie Declaration of Independence. Sur- 
render of General Burgoyne, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at 
Yorktown, Va., George Washington Resigning His Commission as 
Commander in Chief of the Army, all by John Trumbull. 

Baptism of Pocahontas, by John G. Chapman; Landing of Co- 
lumbus, by John Vanderlyn; Discovery of the Mississippi River 
by DeSoto, by William H. Powell; Embarkation of the Pilgrims, 
by Robert W. Weir. 

In House Wing: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, 
by Emanuel Leutze; First Reading of the Emancipation Proclama- 
tion, by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. 

In Senate Wing: Battle of Lake Erie, by William H. Powell; 
Battle of Chapultepec, by James Walker. 



THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

(Unanimously Adopted in Congress, July 4, 1776, at Philadelphia) 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for 
one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected 
them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, 
the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and 
of Nature's God entitles them, a decent respect to the opinions of 
mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel 
them to the separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are creat- 
ed equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain in- 
alienable Rights; that among these are Life, Liberty and the pur- 
suit of Happiness. That, to secure these rights. Governments are 
instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed; That, whenever any Form of Government be- 
comes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to 
alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its 
foundations on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
forms, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and 
Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long 
established should not be changed for light and transient causes; 
and, accordingly, all experience hath shewn, that mankind are 
more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right 
themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. 
But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invari- 
ably the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under abso- 
lute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such 
Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. 
Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies, and such 
is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former 
Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great 
Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all hav- 
ing in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over 
these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid 
world. 

H9 has refused his assent to Laws, the most wholesome and 
necessary for the public good. 

92 



Declaration of Independence 93 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and 
pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his 
Assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly 
neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of 
large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the 
right of Representation in the Legislature — a right inestimable to 
them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, un- 
comfortable and distant from the depository of their public Rec- 
ords, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with 
his measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing 
with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause 
others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of 
Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exer- 
cise; the State remaining, in the meantime, exposed to all the 
dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States for 
that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreign- 
ers; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, 
and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing 
his assent to laws for establishing Judiciary Powers. 

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure 
of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither 
swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their sub- 
stance. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace. Standing Armies 
without the Consent of Our Legislature. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of, and 
superior to, the Civil power. 

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction 
foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; 
giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: 

For fiuartering large bodies of armed troops among us: 



94 North Cauolina Manual 

Kor iirotect iiii; tlu'in, 1j\' a mock Tridl, fi'oin i)Uiiishiiieiit iov any 
Murders which they should coinmit on the inhabitants of these 
States: 

For cuftinK oft" our Trade with all parts of the world; 

For imjjosing Taxes on us without our Consent: 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by 
jury: 

For transporting us beyond Seas, to be tried for i)retended 
offenses: 

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbor- 
ing Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and 
enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an example 
and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into 
these Colonies: 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable 
Laws, and altering fundamentally, the Forms of our Governments: 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves 
invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated Government here, oy declaring us out of his 
Protection and waging War against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, l)uiiit our towns, 
and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mer- 
cenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, 
already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely 
paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the 
Head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-Citizens, taken captive on the 
high Seas, to bear Anns against their Country, to become the exe- 
cutioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by 
their Hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has en- 
deavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merci- 
less Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare is an undis- 
tinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions. 

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Re- 
dress in the most humble terms; Our repeated Petitions have been 
answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is 
thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to 
be the ruler of a free people. 



DECLAHATION of IXDICPKXnKNCK 95 

Nor have we been wanting in attention to otir British hrsthren. 
We have warned them from time to time ot attempts by their 
legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We 
have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and 
settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and 
magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our com- 
mon kindred to disavow these usurpations, which inevitably inter- 
rupt our connections with correspondence. They, too, have been 
deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, there- 
fore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, 
and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind — Enemies in War, 
in Peace Friends. 

We, TiiKUEEoKE, the Representatives of the United States of 
America, in General Congress Assembled; appealing to the Su- 
preme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, 
in the Name and by authority of the good People of these Colonies, 
solemnly publish and declare. That these United Colonies are, and 
of Right ought to be free and independent States; that they are 
Absolved from All Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all 
political connection between them and the State of Great Britain 
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as Free and Inde- 
pendent Htates, they have full power to levy War, conclude Peace, 
contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts 
and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for 
the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the pro- 
tection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other 
our Lives, (uir Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. 

John Hancock 

Button Gwinnett Edward Rutledge 

Lyman Hall Thos. Heyward, Juni-. 

Geo. Walton Thomas Lynch, Junr. 

Wm. Hooper Artliur Middleton 

Joseph Hewes Samuel Chase 

John Penn W'm. Paca 

Thos. Stone Carter Braxton 



96 



NoitTii Cahoi.i.na Mam ai. 



Charles Carroll uf L'arruUtoii 

James Wilson 

G(H). Ross 

Caesar Rodney 

Geo. Reed 

Tlu). .\1. Kean 

Wni. Floyd 

riiil. T^ivingston 

Frans. Lewis 

Lewis Morris 

Richd. Stockton 

J no. Witlierspoon 

Fras. Hopkinson 

John Hart 

Abra Clark 

George Wythe 

Richard Henry Lee 

Th. Jefferson 

Benja. Harrison 

Thos. Nelson, Jr. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee 



Robt. Morris 
Hciijumin Rush 
Benja. Franklin 
John Morton 
Geo. Clynier 
Jas. Smith 
Geo. Taylor 
Josiah Bartlett 
Wm. Hippie 
Saml. Adams 
John Adams 
Robt. Treat Payne 
Eldridge Gerry 
Step. Hopkins 
William Ellery 
Roger Sherman 
Samuel Huntington 
Wm. Williams 
Oliver Woolcott 
Matthew Thornton 



THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

Preamble 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more 
perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, pro- 
vide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and 
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do 
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 

Article I 

Sectioa 1 — All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested 
in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate 
and House of Representatives. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed ol' 
members chosen every second year by the people of the several 
States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications 
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State 
Legislature. 

2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citi- 
zen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an 
inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. 

3. RepresentatiA'es and direct taxes shall be apportioned among 
the several States which may be included within this Union, ac- 
cording to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by 
adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound 
to service for a term of years and excluding Indians not taxed, 
three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be 
made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten 
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of 
Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, 
but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until 
such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire 
shall be entitled to choose 3; Massachusetts, 8; Rhode Island and 



97 



98 NouTii Caiioi.ixa Maxtal 

Jersey, 4; IV'iiusylvania, S; Delaware, 1; iVIaryland, 6; Vii'ginia. 
10; North Carolina. 5; South Carolina, 5; and Georgia, 3.* 

}. When vacancies happen in the representation from any State 
the Executive Aiitliority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill 
such vacancies. 

f). Tiie House of Representatives shall clioose their Speaker and 
other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Six'. 3 — 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of 
two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature there- 
ol for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.f 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence 
of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into 
three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be 
vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class 
at thfi expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year, and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, 
during the recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive 
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting 
of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies. t 

3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to 
the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United 
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that 
State for which he shall be chosen. 

4.' The Vice President of the United States shall be President of 
the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. 

5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
President pro tetnporc. in the absence of the Vice President, or 
when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States. 

6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeach- 
ments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or 
affirniation. When the President of the United States is tried, the 
Chief Justice shall preside; and no person shall be convicted with- 
out the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further 
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy 
any office of honor, trust, or profit uiulnr the United States; but 



*See .'Article XIV, Amendments. 
tSee Article XVII, Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 99 

the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to 
indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

Sec. 4 — 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections 
for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State 
by the Legislature thereof, but the Congress may at any time by 
law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of 
choosing Senators. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless 
they shall by law appoint a different day. 

Sec. 5 — 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, re- 
turns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller num- 
ber may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to com- 
pel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under 
such penalties as each House may provide. 

2'. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, pun- 
ish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence 
of two-thirds, expel a member. 

3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from 
time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in 
their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the 
members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of 
one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. 

4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without 
the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor 
to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be 
sitting. 

Sec. 6 — 1. The Senators and Repi-esentatives shall receive a 
compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid 
out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, 
except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from 
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective 
Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for 
any speech or debate in either House they shall not ho questioned 
in any other place. 

2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the 
authcritv of the United States which shall have been created, or 



100 Noirni Cahoi.ixa Manual 

the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such 
time; and no person holding any office under the United States 
shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office. 

Sec. 7 — 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representa- 
tives and the Senate shall, before it becomes a law, be presented 
to the President of the United States; if he approves, he shall 
sign it, but if not, he shall return it, M^ith his objections, to that 
House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objec- 
tions at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If 
after such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to 
pass the bill, it shall be sent together with the objections, to the 
other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if 
approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But 
in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by 
yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and 
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House re- 
spectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President with- 
in ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented 
to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed 
it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, 
in which case it shall not be a law. 

3. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of 
the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (ex- 
cept on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the Presi- 
dent of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, 
shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be 
repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

Sec. 8. The Congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay 
the debts and provide for the common defense and general wel- 
fare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall 
be uniform throughout the United States; 

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States; 



Co>'STlTlJTI()i\' OF THE UMTKU STATES 101 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the 
several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform 
laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign 
coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securi- 
ties and current coins of the United States; 

7. To establish postoffices and postroads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by secur- 
ing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right 
to their respective writings and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on 
the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and 
make rules concerning captures on laud and water; 

12. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money 
to that use shall be for a longer term than two years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the 
land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws 
of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed 
in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respec- 
tively the appointment of the officers and the authority of training 
the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever 
over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may by 
cession of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, be- 
come the seat of Government of the United States, and to exercise 
like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the 
Legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the erec- 
tion of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful 
buildings; — and 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for 
carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers 



102 Noinii Cauoi.i.na Mam al 

vested 1)\- 1 liis Constitution in the Government of tlie Tnited States, 
or any dei)art incnt or officer thereof. 

Sec . !) — 1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be 
prohibited by the Congress prior to tlie year one thousand eight 
hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such 
im poll at ion, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas vorpus shall not be sus- 
pended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public 
safety may require it. 

3. Xo bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct lax shall be laid, unless in 
proportion to tlip census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to 
be taken.* 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any 
State. 

6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce 
or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; nor 
shall vessels bound to, or from, one State be obliged to enter, clear, 
or pay duties in another. 

7. No monpy shall be drawn from the Treasury but in conse- 
(luence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement 
and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money 
shall be published from time to time. 

8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; 
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, 
shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, 
emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, 
prince, or foreign state. 

Sec. 10 — ]. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or 
confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; 
emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a ten- 
der in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder; ex post facto 
law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any 
title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any 
imposts or duties on imports or exports except what may be abso- 



*See Article XV J, Amendments. 



Constitution of the United States 103 

lutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net pro- 
duce of all duties and imposts, laid by any State on imports or 
exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; 
and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of 
the Congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty 
of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter 
into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a 
foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in 
such imminent danger as will not admit delay. 

Article II 

Section 1 — 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a Presi- 
dent of the United States of America. He shall hold his oifice 
during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice Presi- 
dent, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature 
thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole num- 
ber of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be 
entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or Representatives or 
person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States 
shall be appointed an elector. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote 
by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an 
inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make 
a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for 
each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, 
to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to 
the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Reprsentatives open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The per- 
son having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if 
such number be a majority of the whole number of electors ap- 
pointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, 
and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representa- 
tives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; 
and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on 
the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. 



104 NoijTH Cawoi.ina Maxtai. 

But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, 
the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum, 
for this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be 
necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the Presi- 
dent, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors 
shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by 
ballot the Vice President.* 

4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the elec- 
tors and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day 
shall be the same throughout the United States. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the 
United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, 
shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any per- 
son be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the 
age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident within 
the United States. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his 
death, resignation or inability to discharge the powers and duties 
of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, 
and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, 
death, resignation, or in ability, both of the President and Vice 
President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and 
such officer shall act accordingly until the disability be removed, 
or a President shall be elected. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services 
a compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished 
during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he 
shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the 
United States, or any of them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall take 
the following oath or affirmation : 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute 
the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best 
of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of 
the United States." 



'This clause is superseded by Ai-ticle XII, Amendments. 



COXSTITUTIOX OF THE UXITED STATES 105 

Sec. 2 — 1. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the 
Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into the actual service of the United 
States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal 
officer in each of the executive departments, upon ajiy subject re- 
lating to the duties of their respective offices; and he shall have 
power to grant reprieves, and pardons for offenses against the 
United States, except in cases of impeachment. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators 
present concur; and he shall nominate and, by and with tire advice 
and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public 
ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other 
officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein 
otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but 
the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior 
officers as they think proper in the President alone, in the courts 
of law, or in the heads of departments. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that 
may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commis- 
sions which shall expire at the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3 — He shall from time to time give to the Congress infor- 
mation of the State of the Union, and recommend to their consid- 
eration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; 
he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either 
of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to 
the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he 
shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public 
ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, 
and shall commission all the officers of the United States. 

Sec. 4 — The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of 
the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and 
misdemeanors. 

Article III 

Section 1— The judicial power of the United States shall be 
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the 
Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges. 



106 North Cakoi.ina Mamal 

both of the Supreme and inferior courts, sliall liold their offices 
durins s'ood behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their 
services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their 
continuance in office. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law 
and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United 
States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their 
authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime juris- 
diction; — to controversies to which the United States shall be a 
party; — to controversies between two or more States; — between 
a State and citizens of another State; — between citizens of differ- 
ent States; — between citizens of the same State, claiming lands 
under grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers 
and consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Su- 
preme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases 
before mentioned the Supreme Court shall have appellate juris- 
diction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under 
such regulations as the Congress shall make. 

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall 
be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State where the said 
crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within 
any State the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress 
may by law have directed. 

Sec. 3 — 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only 
in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giv- 
ing them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or 
on confession in open court. 

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of 
treason; but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of 
blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. 

Article IV 

Section 1 — Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to 
the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the man- 



Constitution of the United States 107 

uer in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, 
and the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all 
privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other 
crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in another State, 
shall, on demand of the Executive authority of the State from 
which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having 
jurisdiction of the crime. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the 
laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any 
law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or 
labor, but shall be delivered upon claim of the party to whom such 
service or labor may be due. 

Sec. 3 — 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into 
this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the 
jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the 
junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the con- 
sent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the 
Congress. 

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all 
needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other 
property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Con- 
stitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the 
United States or of any particular State. 

Sec. 4 — The United States shall guarantee to every State in 
this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion, and, on application of the Legis- 
lature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be con- 
vened), against domestic violence. 

Article V 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it 
necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on 
the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several 
States, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, 
in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part 
of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three- 



108 NouTJi Cakolixa Ma>,ual 

fourths ol" the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths 
thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be 
made prior to tlie year one thousand eight hundred and eight sliall 
in any manner affect the first and fourtli clauses in the Ninth 
Section of the First Article; and that no State, without its con- 
sent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. 

Article VI 

1. All debts contracted and engagements entered into before 
the adoption of this Constitution, shall l)e as valid against the 
United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. 

2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which 
shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or 
which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, 
shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every 
State shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws 
of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the 
members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and 
judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several 
States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Con- 
stitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a quali- 
fication to any office or public trust under the United States. 

Article VII 

The ratification of the Convention of nine States shall be suf- 
ficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the 
States so ratifying the same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States 
present the Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of Our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth. In 
witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 

GEO. WASHINGTON, President and deputy from Virginia, 
New Hampshire — John Langdon, Nicholas Oilman, Massachusetts 
— Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King, Connecticut — Wm. Saml. John- 
son, Roger Sherman, New York — Alexander Hamilton. New Jersey 



Cojvstitutiojs^ of the United Statks 109 

— Wil. Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Patterson, Jona. Dayton, 
Pennsylvania — B. Franklin, Robt. Morris, Thos. Fitzsimmons, 
James Wilson, Thomas Mifflin, Geo. Clymer, Jared Ingersoll, Gouv. 
Morris, Delaware — Geo. Read, John Dickinson, Jaco. Broom, Gun- 
ning Bedford, Jr., Richard Bassett, Maryland — James McHenry, 
Danl. Carroll. Dan. of St. Thos. Jenifer, Virginia — John Blair, Jas. 
Madison, Jr., North Carolina — Wm. Blount, Hu. Williamson, 
Richd. Dobbs Spaight, South Carolina — J. Rutledge. Charles 
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler, Georgia — 
William Few, Abr. Baldwin. Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. 
The Constitution was declared in effect on the first Wednesday 
in March, 1789. 

Amendments to the Con,stitution of the United States 

The following amendments to the Constitution, Article I to X, 
inclusive, were proposed at the First Session of the First Congress, 
begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, March 4, 
1789. and were adopted by the necessary number of States. The 
original proposal of the ten amendments was preceded by this 
preamble and resolution: 

"The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time 
of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to 
prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further de- 
claratory and restrictive clauses should be added, and as extending 
the ground of public confidence in the Government will best insure 
the beneficient ends of its institution: 

"RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of 
both Houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to 
the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Con- 
stitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when 
ratified by three-fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all 
intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, namely": 

Amendments 

THE ten OKIGINAL AMENDMENTS 

(Sometimes called our Bill of Rights) 
(Declared in force December 15, 1791) 



110 Noirni Carolina Manual 

Article I 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of re- 
ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the 
freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people 
peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a 
redress of grievances. 

Article II 

A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free 
State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be 
infringed. 

Article III 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house 
without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a man- 
ner to be prescribed by law. 

Article IV 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, 
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, 
shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon prob- 
able cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly de- 
scribing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be 
seized. 

Article V 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise in- 
famous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the 
militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor 
shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in 
jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, lib- 
erty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private 
property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 

Article VI 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to 
a speedy, and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and 



Constitution of the United States 111 

district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which dis- 
trict shall have been previously ascertained by law, and be in- 
formed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted 
with the witnesses against him ; to have compulsory process for 
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of 
counsel for his defense. 

Article VII 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall 
exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved 
and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any 
court of the United States than according to the rules of the com- 
mon law. 

Article VIII 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, 
nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 

Article IX 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not 
be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 

Article X 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitu- 
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States 
respectively, or to the people. 

Article XI 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to 
extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted 
against one of the United States, by citizens of another State, or 
by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 

(Proposed to the Legislatures of the several States by the Third 
Congress on the 5th of March, 179 4, and declared to have been 
ratified by Executive Proclamation, January 8, 1798.) 

Article XII 

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by 
ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall 



112 NoKiii Caiioi.i.na Mamtal 

not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall 
name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in dis- 
tinct ballots the persons voted for as Vice President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all 
persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes 
for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, 
sealed, to the seat of the Government oi the United States, directed 
to the President of the Senate; the President of the Senate shall, 
in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open 
all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of 
electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from 
the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the 
list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives 
shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing 
the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representa- 
tion from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose 
shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the 
States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a 
choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a 
President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, 
before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice 
President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or 
other constitutional disability of the President. The person having 
the greatest number of votes as Vice President shall be the Vice 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of 
electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from 
the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the 
Vice President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two- 
thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the 
whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person 
constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible 
to that of Vice President of the United States. 

(Proposed by the Eighth Congress on the 12th of December, 

1803, declared ratified by the Secretary of State, September 25, 

1804. It was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Dela- 
ware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire.) 



CONSTITUTIO.X OF THE UNITED STATES 113 

Article XIII 

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a pun- 
ishment for crime v^^hereof the party shall have been duly con- 
victed, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject 
to their jurisdiction. 

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appro- 
priate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Thirty-eighth Congress on the 1st of February, 
1865. declared ratified by the Secretary of State, December 18. 
1865. It was rejected by Delaware and Kentucky; was condi- 
tionally ratified by Alabama and Mississippi; and Texas took no 
action.) 

Article XIV 

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States 
and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of 
citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any per- 
son of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor 
deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of 
the laws. 

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole 
number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But 
when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for 
President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives 
in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the 
members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male 
inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citi- 
zens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for 
participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representa- 
tion therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number 
of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citi- 
zens twenty-one years of nge in such State. 

3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, 
or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil 
or military, under the United States, or under any State, who. 



114 Noinii C.MioT.TX A Manual 

having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as 
an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legis- 
hiture, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support 
the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insur- 
rection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to 
the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds 
of each House, remove such disability. 

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, author- 
ized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and 
bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall 
not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State 
shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of in- 
surrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for 
the loss of emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliga- 
tions, and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate 
legislation the provisions of this article. 

(The Reconstruction Amendment, by the Thirty-ninth Congress 
on the 16th day of June, 1866, was declared ratified by the Secre- 
tary of State, July 28, 1868. The amendment got the support of 23 
Northern States; it was rejected- by Delaware. Kentucky, Mary- 
land, and 10 Southern States. California took no action. Later it 
was ratified by the 10 Southern States.) 

Article XV 

1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the Fortieth Congress the 27th of February, 1869, 
and was declared ratified by the Secretary of State, March 30, 
18 70. It was not acted on by Tennessee; it was rejected by Cali- 
fornia, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Oregon; ratified by the 
remaining 30 States. New York rescinded its ratification January 
5, 1870. New Jersey rejected it in 1870, but ratified it in 1871.) 



COJS'STITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 115 

Aeticle XVI 

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on in- 
comes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment 
among the several States, and without regard to any census or 
enumeration. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-first Congress, July 12, 1909, and de- 
clared ratified February 2 5, 1913. The income tax amendment was 
ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsyl- 
vania, Rhode Island, Utah, and Virginia.) 

Article XVII 

1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two 
Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six 
years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each 
State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most 
numerous branch of the State Legislatures. 

2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State 
in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue 
writs of election to fill such vacancies; Provided, That the Legis- 
lature of any State may empower the Executive thereof to make 
temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies bj' 
election as the Legislature may direct. 

3. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the 
election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as 
part of the Constitution. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th day of May, 
1912, and declared ratified May 31, 1913. Adopted by all the 
States except Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, 
Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, 
Utah and Virginia.) 

Article XVIII 

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manu- 
facture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the 
importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the 
United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof 
for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 



nil NoiMii Cakoi.ixa Manual 

2. Tlie Congress and the several States shall have concurrent 
power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. 

0. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures 
of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven 
years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the 
Congress. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress, December 18, 1917, and 
ratified by 36 States; was declared in effect on January 16, 1920.) 

Article XIX 

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not 
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on 
account of sex. 

2. Congress shall have power, by appropriate legislation, to 
enforce the provisions of this article. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress. On August 26, 1920, it 
was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified (June 19, 1919 — 
August IS, 19 20) by three-quarters of the States. The Tennessee 
House, August 31st, rescinded its ratification, 47 to 24.) 

Article XX 

1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at 
noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and 
Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January of the years 
in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been 
ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and 
such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, un- 
less they shall by law appoint a different day. 

3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the 
President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President 
elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been 
chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if 
the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice 
President elect shall act as President until a President shall have 
qualified: and the Congress may by law provide for the case 



COXSTTTriKlX OF THE UNITED STATES 117 

wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall 
have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the 
manner in v^^hich one who is to act shall be selected, and such 
person shall act accordingly, until a President or Vice President 
shall have qualified. 

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death 
of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives 
may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have 
devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the 
persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President when 
the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. 

5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October 
following the ratification of this article. 

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures 
of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the 
date of its submission. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, First Session. On February 6, 
193 3, it was proclaimed in effect, having been ratified by thirty- 
nine states.) 

Akticle XXI 

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of 
the United States is hereby repealed. 

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, 
or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of 
intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby 
prohibited. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by convention in the 
several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years 
frou: the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Con- 
gress. 

(Proposed by the 7 2nd Congress, Second Session. Proclaimed 
in effect on December 5, 1933, having been ratified by thirty-six 
States. By proclamation of the same date, the President proclaim- 
ed that the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution was re- 
pealed on December 5. 193 3.) 



118 Noinii Cai:()i.i.\.\ Maxual 



Ainici.K XXII 



1. No person shall be elected to the office of the president 
more than twice, and no i)erson who has held the office of presi- 
dent, or acted as president, for more than Iwo years of a term 
to which some other person was elected president shall be elected 
to the office of the president more than once. But this article shall 
not apply to any person holding the office of president when this 
article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any 
person who may be holding the office of president, or acting as 
president, during the term within which this article becomes op- 
erative from holding the oft"ice of president or acting as president 
during the remainder of sucli term. 

2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been 
ratified as an amendment to the constitution by the legislatures 
of three-fourths of the several States v/ithin seven years from the 
date of its submission to tlie States by the congress. 

Proposed by tlie 80th Congress in 1947 and became effective on 
Feb. 26, 1951, having been ratified by thirty-six States. 

Article XXIII 

1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the 
United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may 
direct: 

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal 
to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress 
to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in 
no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in 
addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be con- 
sidered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice 
President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall 
meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the 
twelfth article of amendment. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by 
appropriate legislation. 

(Proposed by the 8 6th Congress in June of I9 60 and ratified 
by the 38th State, March 29, 1961.) 



PART II 
CENSUS 



POPULATION OF THE STATE OF 
NORTH CAROLINA 

Eighteenth Census of the United States: 1960 

The population of North Carolina's urban places continued to 
grow faster than that of the rural areas between 1950 and 1960, 
according to the eighteenth decennial census, issued by Robert W. 
Burgess, Director of the Bureau of the Census, Department of 
Commerce. 

Final figures show that the urban population increased from 
1,368,101 in 1950 to 1,801,921 in 1960, or 31.6 per cent, while the 
rural population increased from 2,693,828 in 1950 to 2,754,234 in 
1960 or an increase of only 2.2 per cent. The final count of the 
Eighteenth Census for the State on April 1, 1960, was 4,556,155 
compared to 4,061,929 in 1950, or an increase of 12.2 per cent. 
Urban residents accounted for 39.5 per cent of the State's popula- 
tion in 1960 as compared with 33.7 per cent in 1950. Rural areas 
in 1960 accounted for 60.5 per cent of the total population. The 
Census Bureau considei's as urban areas the incorporated places of 
2,500 or more, or unincorporated places of 2,500 or more located 
outside urbanized areas. The remaining territory is classified as 
rural. 

There were 35 incorporated places of 10,000 or more in 1960, 
Five of these (Chapel Hill, Jacksonville, Lenoir, Lumberton and 
Roanoke Rapids) reached that size since 1950. Charlotte remains 
the State's largest city with a population of 201,564, followed in 
order by Greensboro with 119,574 and Winston-Salem with 111,135. 

According to final figures of the 1960 census 63 of the counties 
gained in population. Onslow County showed the greatest gain with 
an increase of 96.7 per cent. Cumberland County placed second 
with an increase of 54.6 per cent while Mecklenburg was third with 
a 38.1 per cent gain. 

The first census of North Carolina was taken in 1790, returning 
a population of 393,751. The population has shown an increase 
at every census since that time. The population passed 1,000,000 
between 1860 and 1870, 2,000,000 between 1900 and 1910, 3,000,000 
between 1920 and 1930, 4,000,000 between 1940 and 1950, and 
4,500,000 between 1950 and 1960. The present population represents 
a density of 86.4 inhabitants per square mile. North Carolina's 
total area in square miles is 52,712. Land area is 49,412 square 
miles; water area is 3,570 square miles. 

Table 1 presents the figures for counties and for incorporated 
places of 10,000 or more, and Table 2 for incorporated places of 
less than 10,000. 121 



122 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 1. POPULATION OF COUNTIES AND OF INCORPO- 
RATED PLACES OF 10,000 OR MORE IN NORTH CAROLINA 

1960 



County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


Population 


County or Place 


PopulatiiJii 


The State 


4,556,155 

1,801,921 

2,754,234 

39.5 

85,674 
15,625 
7,734 
24,962 
19,768 

12,009 
36,014 
24,350 
28,881 
20,278 

130,074 

52,701 

68,137 

49,552 

5,598 

30,940 
19,912 
73,191 
26,785 
16,335 

11,729 
5,526 
66,048 
48,973 
58,773 

148,418 

6,601 

5,935 

70,493 

16,728 


Counties— Coni. 
Duplin . 


40,270 

111,995 

54,226 

189,428 
28,755 

127,074 

9,254 

6,432 

33,110 

16,741 

246,520 
58,956 
48,236 
.39,711 
36,163 

22,718 
16,356 
5,765 
62,526 
17,780 

62,936 
11,005 
26,561 
55,276 
28,814 

14,935 
17,217 
27,139 
26,742 
272,111 

13,906 
18,408 
36,733 
61,002 
71,742 


Counties— Cont. 

Northampton 

Onslow 




Urban 


26,811 


Rural 


Durham 


82,706 


Per Cent Urban 


Edgecombe 

Forsvth 


Orange . 


42,970 




Pamlico 


9,850 


Counties: 
Alamance 


Franklin 

Gaston 


Pasquotank 

Pender 


25,630 
18,508 


Alexander 


Gates 


Perquimans 

Person 


9,178 


Alleghany 


Graham ._ 


26,. 394 


Anson 


Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 


Pitt 


69,942 


Ashe 


Polk 


11,. 395 


A very 


Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan . 


61,497 


Beaufort - 


39,202 


Bertie 


89,102 


Bladen 


69,629 


Brunswick 


82,817 


Buncombe 

Burke 


Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain. . . - 


45,091 
48,013 


Cabarrus.- 


25,183 


Caldwell 


Iredell 


40,873 


Camden 


Jackson 

Johnston 


22,314 


Carteret 


48,205 


Caswell . . 


8,387 


Catawba . 


Lee 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 


16,372 


Chatham 


Lenoir 


4,520 


Cherokee. . 


Lincoln 


44,670 


Chowan 




32,002 


Clay 


Madison 

Martin . 




169,082 


Cleveland . . _ - . 


Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wavne . . 


19,652 


Columbus 

Craven 

Cumberland ... 


McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


13,488 
17,529 

82,059 




Montgomery 


Wilkes 


45,269 






57,716 


Davidson 


Nash 


Yadkin _ . 


22,804 


Davie 


New Hanover 


Yancev 


14,008 









Incorporated Places of 10,000 or More 



Albemarle 

Asheville 

Burlington 

Chapel Hill... 

Charlotte 

Concord 

Durham 

Elizabeth City 
•Fayetteville... 

Gastonia 

Goldsboro 

Greensboro 



12,261 
60,192 
33,199 
12,573 
201,564 
17,799 

78,302 
14,062 
47,106 
37,276 
28,873 
119,574 



Greenville.. 
Henderson.. 

Hickory 

High Point- 
Jacksonville 
Kinston 

Lenoir 

Lexington . . 
Lumberton . 

Monroe 

New Bern.. 
Raleigh 



22,860 
12,740 
19,. 328 
62,063 
13,491 
24,819 

10,257 
16,093 
15,305 
10,882 
15,717 
93,931 



Reidsville 

Roanoke Rapids 
Rocky Mount... 

Salisbury 

Sanf ord 

Shelby 

Statesville 

Thomasville 

Wilmington 

Wilson 

Winston-Salem.. 



14,267 
13,320 
32,147 
21,297 
12,253 
17,698 

19,844 
15,190 
44,013 
28,753 
111,1.35 



Population of Cities and Towns 



123 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 10,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960 

2,500 to 10,000 



City or Town 



Ahoskie _ _ 
Asheboro. 

Ayden 

Beaufort . 
Belmont _. 



Gaston 

Watauga 

Transylvania- 

Haywood 

Wake 



Bessemer City 

Boone 

Brevard 

Canton 

Cary 

Cherry ville Gaston 

Clayton Johnston 

Clinton Sampson 

Dallas 

Davidson 



County 



Hertford.. 
Randolph. 

Pitt 

Carteret.. 
Gaston 



Draper... 

Dunn 

Eden ton. 
Elkin.... 
Enfield.. 



Farm ville 

Forest City 

Fuquay Springs. 

Garner 

Graham 



Granite Falls 

Hamlet 

Hendersonville. .. 

Kernersville 

Kings Mountain. 



Laurinburg. 
Leaksville. . 
Lincolnton.. 
Longview... 
Louisburg. . 



Rockingham. 

Harnett 

Chowan 

Surry 

Halifax 



Pitt 

Rutherford . 

Wake 

Wake 

Alamance . . 



CaldvvelL_ 
Richmond. 
Henderson. 

Forsyth 

Cleveland . 



Scotland 

Rockingham. 

Lincoln 

Catawba 

Franklin 



Lowell Gaston. 



Popula 
tion 



Gaston 
Mecklenburg 



4,583 
9,449 
3,108 
2,922 
5,007 

4,017 
3,686 
4,857 
5,068 
3,356 

3,607 
3,302 
7,461 
3,270 
2,573 

3,382 
7,566 
4,458 
2,868 
2,978 

3,997 
6,556 
3,389 
3,451 
7,723 

2,644 
4,460 
5,911 
2,942 
8,008 

8,242 
6,427 
5,699 
2,997 
2,862 
2,784 



City or Town 



Marion 

Mooresville 

Morehead City. 

Morganton 

Mount Airy 



Mount Holly 

Mount Olive 

Murfreesboro 

Newton 

North Wilkesboro. 



Oxford 

Plymouth 

Raef ord 

Red Springs. 
Rockingham. 



Roxboro 

Rutherfordton . 
Scotland Neck. 

Selma 

SilerCity 



Smithfield 

Southern Pines. 

Spencer 

Spindale 

Spray. 



Spring Lake. 
Spruce Pine. 

Tarboro 

Valdese 

Wadesboro.. 



Wake Forest. 
Washington.. 
Waynesville. . 
Whiteville... 
Williamston. , 



County 



McDowell. 

Iredell 

Carteret... 

Burke 

Surry 



Gaston... 
Wayne... 
Hertford. 
Catawba. 
Wilkes... 



Granville 

Washington. 

Hoke 

Robeson 

Richmond.. 



Person 

Rutherford . 

Halifax 

Johnston . . . 
Chatham... 



Johnston 

Moore 

Rowan 

Rutherford.. 
Rockingham. 

Cumberland _ 

Mitchell 

Edgecombe. . 

Burke 

Anson 



Wake 

Beaufort . . 
Haywood.. 
Columbus. 
Martin 



Popula- 
tion 



3,345 
6,918 
5,583 
9,186 
7,055 

4,037 
4,673 
2,643 
6,658 
4,197 

6,978 
4,666 
3,058 
2,767 
5,512 

5,147 
3,392 
2,974 
3,102 
4,455 

6,117 
5,198 
2,904 
4,082 
4,565 

4,110 
2,504 
8,411 
2,941 
3,744 

2,664 
9,939 
6,159 
4,683 
6,924 



1,000 to 2,500 



Aberdeen 

Andrews 

Angier 

Apex 


Moore 

Cherokee 

Harnett 

Wake 


1.531 
1,404 
1,249 
1,368 
1,520 

1,083 
2,386 
2,355 
1,578 
1,062 


Biltmore Forest 

Biscoe 

Black Mountain 

Boiling Springs. 

Bryson City 

Burgaw 

Burnsville 


Buncombe 

Montgomery 

Buncombe 

Cleveland 

Swain 


1,004 
1,053 
1,313 
1,311 


Archdale 


Randolph . 

Bertie 


1,084 


Pender... 


1,750 




Beaufort 

Johnston 

Pitt 


Yancey 

New Hanover... 
Orange 


1,388 


Benson . 


Carolina Beach 

Carrboro 


1,192 


Bethel 


1,997 


Beulaville 


Duplin 


Carthage 


Moore 


1,190 



124 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. I»OrULATION OF INCORr^OKATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 2,500 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960— Continued 

1,000 to 2,500— Continued 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Tnwn 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Chadbourn 

China Grove 


Columbus 

Rowan 

Harnett 

TyrreU 

Catawba 

Mecklenburg 

Burke 

Rowan 

Bladen 

Alamance 

Columbus 

Robeson 

Johnston 

Macon 

Franklin 

Wayne 

Northampton... 

Alamance 

Guilford 

Rowan. . 


2,323 
1,500 
1,049 
1,099 
2,281 

1,444 
1,146 
2,171 
1,625 

1,284 

1,030 
2,286 
1,010 
2,173 
1,513 

1,609 
1,214 

} 1,784 

1,059 
1,816 

2,433 
1,925 
2,068 
1,349 
1,109 

1,536 
1,004 
1,247 
1,895 
1,147 

2,133 
1,763 
1,438 
1,242 

1 1,024 

1,912 
2,039 
1,574 
1,360 
1,755 

2,366 

1 2,364 

2,379 
1,229 
1,041 


Murphy 

Nashville _ 


Cherokee 

Nash 

Stanly 

Robeson 

Surry 

Edgecombe 

Mecklenburg 

Chatham 

Randolph 

Randolph 

Onslow. ... 


2,235 
1,423 


Coats 

Columbia 

Conover 


Norwood 

Pembroke 

Pilot Mountain 

Pinetops 

Pineville 

Pittsboro.. 

Ramseur 


1,844 
1,372 
1 310 


Cornelius 

Drexel 

East Spencer 

Elizabethtown. .. .. 


1,372 
1,514 
1,215 
1,258 


ElonCoUege... 

Fair Bluff 


Randleman 

Richlands 

Rich Square 

Robbins 

Roberson ville 

Roseboro 


2 232 
1,079 


Fairmont 

Four Oaks. .. 


Northampton 

Moore 


1,134 
1,294 


Franklin _ 


Martin 


1,684 


Franklinton . 


Sampson 

Duplin 


1,354 


Fremont . ... 


Rose Hill 

Rowland 

St. Pauls 

Snow Hill 


1,292 


Gaston. 

Gibson ville | 


Robeson 

Robeson 

Greene 

Brunswick 

Alleghany 

Nash 

Gaston 

Onslow .... 


1,408 
2,249 
1,043 


Granite Quarry 


Southport 


2,034 


Grifton 

Havelock 

Hazelwood . ... 


Pitt 

Craven 

Haywood 

Perquimans 

Orange. . . 


Sparta 

Spring Hope 

Stanley 

Swansboro . . _ 


1,047 
1,336 
1,980 


Hertford 


1,104 


Hillsboro... 


Sylva 


Jackson 

Columbus 

Alexander 

Montgomery 

Polk.. 


1,564 


Hope Mills 

Hudson . - . 


Cumberland 

Caldwell 

Mecklenburg 

Guilford 

Yadkin 

Johnston 

Lenoir 


Tabor City 

Tavlorsville . . 


2,338 
1,470 


Huntersville. 


Trov 


2,346 


Jamestown . 


Tryon 


2,223 


Jonesville . 


Wallace .. . .. 


Duplin 


2,285 


Kenly 

La Grange. . 


Walnut Cove 


Stokes 

Warren 

Duphn 


1,288 
1,124 


Landis 


Rowan .. 


Warsaw 

Weaverville . 


2,221 


Liberty -. . 


Randolph 

Harnett 

Halifax 


Buncombe 

Halifax 


1.041 


Lillington 


Weldon 

Wendell 


2,165 


Littleton 1 


Wake 

Ashe.. . 




Warren 

Rockingham 

Catawba 

Madison 

Union ... 


1,620 




West Jefferson 

Whitakers | 

Wilkesboro 


1,000 


Madison. . .- 


Edgecombe 

Nash 

Wilkes 


1 1,004 
1,568 


Maiden 

Mars Hill. 


Marshville . __ 


Windsor 


Bertie 


1,813 


Max ton 


Robeson 

Rockingham 

Alamance 

Orange 

Davie 


Wingate 


Union 






1,304 


Mayodan 


Winterville 

Yadkin ville 


Pitt 


1,41^ 


Mebane 


Yadkin 

Wake 


1,644 


Zebulon.- .. .. 


1,534 


Mocks ville 








Mount Gilead 

Mount Pleasant 


Montgomery 

Cabarrus 





Population of Cities and Towns 



125 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960— Continued 

Less Than 1,000 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Acme 

Addor 

Advance 

Alexander Mills 


Columbus 

Moore 

Davie 

Rutherford 

Anson 

Pamlico 

Yadkin 

Bertie 

Pender 

Carteret 

Beaufort 

Sampson 

Nash 

Mitchell 

Avery 


159 
118 
197 

947 
558 

274 
590 
195 
302 
76 

449 
192 
795 
393 
564 

199 
346 

1 364 

545 
21 

103 
204 
222 
303 
310 

774 

1 "> 

201 
617 
539 

274 
300 
638 
466 
596 

169 
187 
332 
633 
298 

593 
52 
342 
267 
594 


Cerro Gordo 

Cherry _._ 

Chocowinity 

Claremont 


Columbus 

Washington 

Beaufort- 

Catawba 

Bladen 


306 

61 

580 

728 




Clarkton 

Cleveland 


662 


Arapahoe 


Rowan 


594 


Arlington 


Clyde 

Colerain .. _- 


Haywood 

Bertie 


680 
340 




Columbus. - 


Polk 


725 


Atlantic Beach 


Conetoe 


Edgecombe 

Nortliampton 

Bladen 

Craven 


147 


Aurora 


Conway 


662 


Autryville 

Bailevs 


Council 

Cove City 


56 
551 


Bakersville 


Creedmoor 


Granville 

Washington 

Avery 


862 


Banner Elk 


Creswell 


402 


Barnardsville 


Buncombe 

Beaufort 

Edgecombe 

Nash 


Crossnore 


277 


Bath 


Crouse. _ 


Lincoln 

Cherokee 

Stokes - . - - - 


901 


Battleboro | 


Culberson _ _ 


106 


Danbury . 


175 




Pamlico 

Carteret 

Martin 




Lenoir 


183 


Bayshore Park 

Bearcrass 


Deleo 


Columbus 

Gaston--. _ _ 


466 


Bell Arthur 


Pitt 


Dellview ... 


4 




Chatham 

Bertie 


Denton 


Davidson 

Lincoln 

Jackson 

Surry- ... .. 


852 


Bertie 


Denver 


113 


Black Creek 


Wilson 


Dillsboro . 


140 




Bladen 




684 




CaldweU 

Watauga 

Brunswick 

Columbus 

Yadkin _. 

Rutherford 

Duplin 




Craven . _. .. 


651 


Blowing Rock - 


Dublin 


Bladen 


366 


Dudley _ . .. 


Wayne.- 


158 


Bolton 


Dundarrach 

East Bend 


Hoke 


109 


Boonville ._ . _ 


Yadkin 

Scotland 

Beaufort _ 

Avery.. - 




Bostic 


446 


Bowdens 


East Laurinburg 

Edward - . - 


695 


Bridgeton 


Craven 


112 


Broadwav 


Lee 


Elk Park 


460 




Catawba 

Columbus 

Harnett 

Franklin 


Ellenboro- -- 


Rutherford 

Richmond 

Wilson 


492 


Brunswick 


Ellerbe 


843 




Elm City 


729 


Bunn _ . 


Emerald Isle 

Eureka 


Carteret 

Wavne 


14 




246 




Moore 


Everetts 


Martin 


225 




Montgomery 

Carteret... 

Jackson 

Nash 

Catawba 


Evergreen 


Columbus 

DupHn 


300 


Cape Carteret 


P^aison 


666 


Faith 


Rowan 


494 


Castalia 


Falcon, 


Cumberland 

Pitt - 


235 


Catawba 


Falkland- 


140 



126 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960— Continued 

Less Than 1,000 — Continued 



City or Town 



Fountain 

Franklin ville 

(larland__ _ 

Garysburg 

Gatesville 

German ton 

Gibson.- 

CAen Alpine 

Godwin 

Gold Point 

Goldston 

Grainger . 

Grimesland 

Grover 

Halifax 

Hamilton 

Harmony 

Harrells 

Harrellsville 

Hassell 

Hayesville 

Haywood 

Highlands 

Hildebran 

Hobgood 

Hoffman 

Holly Ridge 

Holly Springs. -- 

Hookerton 

Hot Springs 

Indian Trail 

Iron Station 

Jackson 

Jackson Springs . 
Jamesville 

Jefferson 

Jupiter 

Kelford 

Kenansville 

KiU Devil Hills. 

Kittrell 

Knightdale 

Kure Beach 

Lake Lure 

Lake W'accamaw 



County 



Pitt 

Randolph 

Sampson 

Northampton. 
Gates 

Stokes 

Scotland 

Burke 

Cumberland. . 
Martin 

Chatham 

Lenoir 

Pitt 

Cleveland 

Halifax 

Martin 

Iredell 

Sampson 

Hertford 

Martin 

Clay 

Chatham 

Macon 

Burke 

Halifax 

Richmond 

Onslow 

Wake 

Greene 

Madison 

Union 

Lincoln 

Northampton. 

Moore 

Martin 

Ashe 

Buncombe 

Bertie 

Duplin 

Dare 

Vance 

Wake 

New Hanover 
Rutherford . . . 
Columbus 



Popula- 
tion 



496 

686 
642 
181 
460 

162 

501 

734 

149 

98 

374 

188 
362 
538 
370 

565 
322 
259 
171 

147 

428 
713 
597 
518 
630 

344 
731 
558 
358 
723 

364 
279 
765 
244 
538 

814 
174 
362 
724 
268 

121 
622 
293 
233 

780 



City or Town 



Lansing 

Lasker 

Lattimore 

Laurel Park 

Lawndale 

Lewarae 

Lewiston 

Lilesville 

Linden 

Locust 

Long Beach 

Lucama 

Lumber Bridge. 

Macclesfield 

Macon. 

Magnolia 

Manly 

Manteo 

Margaretsville. . 

Marietta 

Marshall 

Matthews 

Maury 

Maysville 

McAdenville 

McDonald 

McFarlan 

Merry Oaks 

Micro 

Middleburg 

Middlesex 

Milton 

Milwaukee 

Mineral Springs 
Morrisville 

Mortimer 

Morven 

Newland 

New London... 
Newport 

Newton Grove . 

Norlina 

Norman 

Oakboro 

Oak City 



County 



Popula- 
tion 



Ashe 

Northampton, 

Cleveland 

Henderson 

Cleveland 

Richmond. _- 

Bertie 

Anson 

Cumberland _ 
Stanly 

Brunswick.. - 

Wilson 

Robeson 

Edgecombe. . 
Warren 

Duplin 

Moore . . 

Dare 

Northampton 
Robeson 

Madison 

Mecklenburg. 

Greene 

Jones 

Gaston 

Robeson 

Anson 

Chatham 

Johnston 

Vance 

Nash 

Caswell 

Northampton 

Union 

Wake ._ 

Caldwell .... 

Anson 

Averv 

Stanly 

Carteret 

Sampson 

Warren 

Richmond 

Stanly 

Martin 



Population of Citi::s and Towns 



127 



TABLE 2. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 1,000 IN NORTH CAROLINA: 1960— Continued 

Less Than 1,000 — Continued 



City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


City or Town 


County 


Popula- 
tion 


Oakley 

Ocean Isle Beach 

Old Fort . . 


Pitt 

Brunswick 

McDowell 

Pamlico 

Robeson 

Pitt 

Halifax 

Beaufort 

Sampson 

Robeson 

Martin 

Caldwell 

Anson 


17 

5 

787 

522 

139 

211 
50 

262 
65 

906 

323 
265 
563 
525 
509 

833 
215 
457 
530 
416 

259 
948 
797 
188 

1 837 

293 
587 
379 
948 
358 

510 

771 
419 
452 
529 

569 
570 
409 
624 
323 

207 
310 

4S() 

[ 490 

29 
302 
205 


Smithtown 

South Creek 

South Wadesboro 

Speed 

Staley 

Stanfield 

Stantonsburg 

Star 


Yadkin 

Beaufort 

Anson .. 

Edgecombe. .... 
Randolph _. 

Stanly 


199 

82 

189 


Oriental 

Orrum 

Pactolus _ __ . 


142 
260 

471 


Palmyra 


Wilson 


897 


Pantego . .. 


Montgomery.... 
Cumberland... - 
Granville 

Pitt 


745 


Parkersburg . 


458 


Parkton 


Stem 


221 


Parmele . . . 


Stokes 

Stoneville 

Stonewall 


195 


Patterson.. . . 


Rockingham 

Pamlico 

Granville 

Lee 


951 


Peach land . . 


214 


Pikeville 


Wayne ... 


Stovall 

Swan Station 

Teacheys 

Todd 1 

Towns vilie 


570 


Pinebluff 


Moore 


190 


Pine Level . . . . 


Johnston 

Beaufort 

Lenoir 


Duplin 


187 


Pinetown .. 


Ashe 


1 <,0 


Pink Hill 


Watauga 

Vance 


j " 


Polkton 


Anson 

Jones 

Bertie 

Johnston 

Edgecombe 

Robeson 

Burke 

Caldwell 

Stanly 


195 


Pollocksville ... 


Trenton 

Trent Woods 


Jones 


404 


Powellsville 


Craven 

Randolph 

Idedell 


517 

881 


Princeton . 




648 


Prince ville. . . . 


Turkey 


Sampson 

Union 


199 


Proctorville . . 


Unionville 

Vanceboro 


119 


Rhodhiss 1 

Richfield 


Craven 


806 


Vandemere 


Pamlico 

Moore .. .. ._ 


452 


Robbinsville. .. . 


Graham 

Richmond 

Rowan _. 


Vass 


767 


Roberdel.. 


Vaughn 


Warren 

Cleveland 

Scotland 

Greene 


122 


Rockwell . 


Waco - 


256 


Rolesville 


Wake 


Wagram 


562 


Ronda. . . 


Wilkes 


Walstonburg 

Warrensville 

Washington Park 

Watha 

W^axhaw 


191 


Roper.. . -. - 


Washington 

Transylvania 

Bertie 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Polk 


Ashe . . . 


116 


Rosman. .... 


Beaufort 

Pender . 


574 


Roxobel. .. . ._ .. 


174 . 


Ruth . 


Union 


729 


.Salemburg .... 


Webster 


Jackson 

Bladen. 

Johnston 

Perquimans.... - 
Hertford 

Franklin 

Northampton. . . 
Bertie 


166 


Saluda . .. .. 




130 


Saratoga.. .... 


Wilson 


Wilson Mills 

Winfall 


280 


Seaboard 


Northampton... 
Randolph 

Wayne 


269 


Seagrove. . . 


Winton 


835 


Seven Springs 


Wood 


94 


Severn 


Northampton... 

Brunswick 

Edgecombe 

Nash. 




651 


Shallotte 




344 


Sharpsburg ■! 


\V' rightsville Beach . . 

Yadkin College 

Yaupon Beach 


New Hanover... 

Davidson 

Brunswick 

Franklin 


723 
75 




Wilson 


89 


Shelmerdine . . . . 


Pitt 


596 


Simpson 


Pitt 






Sjmf? 


Wilson 











128 



North Carolina Manual 



POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES 
AS OF APRIL 1, 1960 



Area 



United States 

Alabama 

Alaska 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts .. 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

District of Columbia 



Population 



179 
3 

1 
1 

15 
1 

9 

4 
3 



1960 


,323 


175 


,266 


740 


226 


167 


,302 


161 


,786 


272 


,717 


204 


,753 


947 


,535 


234 


446 


292 


,951 


560 


,943 


116 


632 


772 


667 


191 


,081 


158 


,662 


498 


,757 


537 


,178 


611 


,038 


156 


,257 


022 


969 


265 


,100 


689 


,148 


578 


,823 


194 


,413 


864 


,178 


141 


,319 


813 


674 


767 


,411 


330 


285 


278 


606 


921 


,066 


782 


951 


023 


,782 


304 


,556 


155 


632 


,446 


,706 


397 


,328 


,284 


,768 


687 


,319 


366 


859 


488 


,382 


594 


680 


514 


,567 


089 


,579 


677 


890 


627 


389 


881 


,966 


949 


,8,53 


214 


,860 


421 


,951 


777 


330 


066 


763 


956 



1950 



151,325,798 
3,061,743 

128,643 

749,587 

1,909,511 

10,586,223 

1, .325, 089 

2,007,280 

318,085 
2, 771, .305 
3,444,578 

499,794 

588,637 
8,712,176 
3,934,224 
2,621,073 
1,905,299 
2,944,806 
2,683,516 

913,774 
2,. 343, 001 
4,690,514 
6,371,766 
2,982,483 
2,178,914 
3,954,653 

591,024 
1,325,510 

160,083 

5.33,242 
4,835,329 

681,187 

14,830,192 

4,061,929 

619,636 

7,946,627 

2,233,351 

1,521,341 

10,498,012 

791,896 
2,117,027 

652,740 
3,291,718 
7,711,194 

688,862 

377,747 
3,318,680 
2,. 378, 963 
2,005,552 
3,434,575 

290,529 

802,178 



Increase, 1950 to ,1960 



Number 



'7,997,377 

204,997 

97,524 

552,574 

—123,239 

5,130,981 

428.858 

.527,954 

128,207 

2,180,255 

498,538 

132,978 

78,554 

1.368,982 

728,274 

1.36,464 

273,312 

93,350 

573,506 

55,491 

757,688 

458,064 

1,451,428 

431,381 

—773 

.365,160 

83,743 

85,820 

125,195 

73,679 

1,231,453 

269,836 

1.952,112 

494,226 

12,810 

1,759,770 

94,933 

247,346 

821,354 

67,592 

265,567 

27,774 

275,371 

1.868,483 

201,765 

12,134 

648,269 

474,251 

—145,131 

517,202 

39,537 

—38,222 



Percent 



18.5 

6.7 
75.8 
73.7 
—6.5 
48.5 
32.4 
26.3 
40.3 
78.7 
14.5 
26.6 
13.3 
15.7 
18.5 

5.2 
14.3 

3.2 
21.4 

6.1 
32.3 

9.8 

22.8 

14.5 

0) 

9.2 
14.2 

6.5 
78.2 
13.8 
25.5 
.39.6 
13.2 
12.2 

2.1 
22.1 

4.3 
16.3 

7.8 

8.5 
12.5 

4.3 

8.4 
24.2 
29.3 

3.2 
19.5 
19.9 
—7.2 
15.1 
13.6 
—4.8 



^Less than 0.1 percent. 



PART III 
POLITICAL 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Chapter 3, Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, 
Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, 
Tyrrell, Washington. 

Second District — Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Halifax, Lenoir, 
Northampton, Warren, Wilson. 

Third District — Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Pam- 
lico, Pender, Sampson, Wayne. 

Fourth District — Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, Nash, Randolph, 
Vance, Wake. 

Fifth. District — Caswell, Forsyth, Granville, Person, Rocking- 
ham, Stokes, Surry. 

Sixth District — Alamance, Durham, Guilford, Orange. 

Seventh District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, 
Harnett, New Hanover, Robeson. 

Eighth District — Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee, Montgom- 
ery, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Ninth District — Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabarrus, Cald- 
well, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly, Watauga. 

Tenth District — Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, 
Mitchell. 

Eleventh District — McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Cleveland, Gas- 
ton, Madison, Yancey. 

Twelfth District- — Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Hay- 
wood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain, Transylvania. 

JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

First Division 

Fi)-st District — Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Pas- 
quotank, Perquimans. 

Second District— Beaufort, Hyde, Martin, Tyrrell, Washington. 
Third District — Carteret, Craven, Pamlico, Pitt. 
Fourth District — Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Sampson. 
Fifth District — New Hanover, Pender. 



*Created by the 1941 General Assembly. 

131 



132 North Carolina Manual 

Sixth District — Bertie, Halifax, Hertford, Northampton. 
Seventh District — Edgecombe, Nash, Wilson. 
Eighth District — Greene, Lenoir, Wayne. 

Second Division 

Ninth District — Franklin, Granville, Person, Vance, Warren. 

Tenth District— Wake. 

Eleventh District — Harnett, Johnston, Lee. 

Twelfth District — Cumberland, Hoke. 

Thirteenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus. 

Fourteenth District — Durham. 

Fifteenth District — Alamance, Chatham, Orange. 

Sixteenth District — Robeson, Scotland. 

Third Division 

Seventeenth District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 

Eighteenth District — Guilford. 

Nineteenth District — Cabarrus, Montgomery, Randolph, Rowan. 

Twentieth District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Stanly, Union. 

Twenty-first District — Forsyth. 

Twenty-second District — Alexander, Davidson, Davie, Iredell. 

Twenty-third District — Alleghany, Ashe, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Fourth Division 

Twenty-fourth District — -Avery, Madison, Mitchell, Watauga, 
Yancey. 

Twenty-fifth District — Burke, Caldwell, Catawba. 

Twenty-sixth District — Mecklenburg. 

Twenty-seventh District — Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln. 

Twenty-eighth District — Buncombe. 

Tiventy-ninth District — Henderson, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, 
Transylvania. 

Thirtieth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, 
Macon, Swain. 



SOLICITORIAL DISTRICTS 

First District — Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, 
Gates, Hyde, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell. 

Second District — Edgecombe, Martin, Nash, Washington, Wilson. 

Third District — Bertie, Halifax, Hertford, Northampton, Vance, 
Warren. 

Fourth District — Chatham, Harnett, Johnston, Lee, Wayne. 

Fifth District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Pamlico, Pitt. 

Sixth District — Duplin, Lenoir, Onslow, Sampson. 

Seventh District — Franklin, Wake. 

Eighth District — Brunswick, Columbus, New Hanover, Pender. 

Ninth District — Cumberland, Hoke. 

Ninth-A District — Bladen, Robeson. 

Tenth District — Alamance, Durham, Granville, Orange, Person. 

Eleventh District — Ashe, Alleghany, Forsyth. 

Twelfth District — Davidson, Guilford. 

Thirteenth District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Stanly, 
Union. 

Fourteenth District — Gaston. 

Fourteenth- A District — Mecklenburg. 

Fifteenth District — Alexander, Cabarrus, Iredell, Montgomery, 
Randolph, Rowan. 

Sixteenth District — Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cleveland, Lin- 
coln, Watauga. 

Seventeenth District — Avery, Davie, Mitchell, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Eighteenth District — Henderson, McDowell, Polk. Rutherford, 
Transylvania, Yancey. 

Nineteenth District — Buncombe, Madison. 

Twentieth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jack- 
son, Macon, Swain. 

Twenty-first District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 

133 



State Congn 




134 



onal Districts 




136 North Carolina Manual 

APPORTIONMENT OF SENATORS BY DISTRICTS 

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1940 

AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 225, Public Laws 1941) 

First District — Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hert- 
foid, Pasquotank and Perquimans counties shall elect two senators. 

Second District — Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, Pamlico, Tyrrell 
and Washington shall elect two senators. 

Third District — Northampton, Vance and Warren shall elect one 
senator. 

Fourth District — Edgecombe and Halifax shall elect two sen- 
ators. 

Fifth District — Pitt shall elect one senator. 

Sixth District — Franklin, Nash and Wilson shall elect two sen- 
ators. » 

Seventh District — Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, Lenoir and 
Onslow shall elect two senators. 

Eighth District — Johnston and Wayne shall elect two senators. 

Ninth District — Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and Sampson 
shall elect two senators. 

Tenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and Cumberland 
shall elect two senators. 

Eleventh District — Robeson shall elect one senator. 

Twelfth District — Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Ptandolph shall 
elect two senators. 

Thirteenth District — Chatham, Lee and Wake shall elect two 
senators. 

Fourteenth District — Durham, Granville and Person shall elect 
two senators. 

Fifteenth District — Caswell and Rockingham shall elect one 
senator. 

Sixteenth District — Alamance and Orange shall elect one sen- 
ator. 



District Divisions 137 

Seventeenth District — Guilford shall elect one senator. 

Eighteenth District — Davidson, Montgomery, Richmond and 
Scotland shall elect two senators. 

Nineteenth District — Anson, Stanly and Union shall elect two 
senators. 

Twentieth District — Mecklenburg shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-first District — Cabarrus and Rowan shall elect two 
senators. 

Twenty-second District— Forsyth shall elect one senator. 

Tiventy-third District — Stokes and Surry shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-fourth District — Davie, Wilkes and Yadkin shall elect 
one senator. 

Twenty-fifth District — Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln shall elect 
two senators. 

Twenty-sixth District— Gaston shall elect one senator. 

Twenty-seventh District — Cleveland, McDowell and Rutherford 
shall elect two senators. 

Twenty-eighth District — Alexander, Burke and Caldwell shall 
elect one senator. 

Twenty-ninth District — Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirtieth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell and Yancey shall 
elect one senator. 

Thirty-first District — Buncombe shall elect one senator. 

Thirty-second District — Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Polk and 
Transylvania shall elect two senators. 

Thirty-third District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Macon and 
Swain shall elect one senator. 



APPORTIONMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE 
OF REPRESENTATIVES IN ACCORDANCE WITH 
THE CENSUS OF 1940 AND THE CONSTITUTION 



(Chapter 112, Public Laws 1941) 



No. of 
Count ij Reps. 

Alamance 1 

Alexander 1 

Alleghany 1 

Anson 1 

Ashe 1 

Avery 1 

Beaufort 1 

Bertie 1 

Bladen 1 

Brunswick 1 

Buncombe 3 

Burke 1 

Cabarrus 2 

Caldwell 1 

Camden 1 

Carteret 1 

Caswell 1 

Catawba 1 

Chatham 1 

Cherokee 1 

Chowan 1 

Clay 1 

Cleveland 1 

Columbus 1 

Craven 1 

Cumberland ... 2 

Currituck 1 

Dare 1 

Davidson 1 

Davie 1 

Duplin 1 

Durham 2 

Edgecombe .... 1 

Forsvth 3 



No. of 
Count ij Reps. 

Franklin 1 

Gaston 2 

Gates 1 

Graham 1 

Granville 1 

Greene 1 

Guilford 4 

Halifax 1 

Harnett 1 

Haywood 1 

Henderson .... 1 

Hertford 1 

Hoke 1 

Hyde 1 

Iredell 1 

Jackson 1 

Johnston 2 

Jones 1 

Lee 1 

Lenoir 1 

Lincoln 1 

Macon 1 

Madison 1 

Martin 1 

McDowell 1 

Mecklenburg . . 4 

Mitchell 1 

Montgomery . . 1 

Moore 1 

Nash 1 

New Hanover . 1 

Northampton . . 1 

Onslow 1 

Orange 1 



No. of 
Count u Reps. 

Pamlico 1 

Pasquotank ... 1 

Pender 1 

Perquimans . . 1 

Person 1 

Pitt 2 

Polk 1 

Randolph .... 1 
Richmond .... 1 

Robeson 2 

Rockingham . . 1 

Rowan 2 

Rutherford ... 1 

Sampson 1 

Scotland 1 

Stanly 1 

Stokes 1 

Surry 1 

Swain 1 

Transylvania . 1 

Tyrrell 1 

Union 1 

Vance 1 

Wake 3 

Warren 1 

Washington . . 1 

Watauga 1 

Wayne 1 

Wilkes 1 

Wilson 1 

Yadkin 1 

Yancey 1 



138 



STATE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM FOR 

1960 

The Democrats of North Carolina, duly assembled in convention 
in Raleigh on May 19, 1960, endorse the record of the Party in 
North Carolina and take pride in the accomplishments of the Party 
in the fields of education, health, welfare, agriculture, roads, and 
the many other essential phases of North Carolina's progressive 
and enlightened State and local government. The various depart- 
ments of State government, under the wise direction of dedi- 
cated members of the Democratic party, are rendering notable 
service to North Carolina citizens and local governmental services 
of similar quality are being directed by loyal members of the 
Party with the result that government in North Carolina on all 
levels is acknowledged nationally for its integrity, progressive- 
ness, and responsiveness to the needs of the people. We dedicate 
our Party to the continuation and the improvement of this proud 
record. 

The Democrats of North Carolina offer the following as the 
Platform of the Democratic Party of North Carolina for 1960- 
1961: 

THE EXECUTIVE, JUDICIAL AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES 
OF NORTH CAROLINA GOVERNMENT 

Believing in the wisdom of separation of the executive, judicial, 
and legislative functions, the Democratic Party in North Carolina 
stands steadfast in its support of this principle. 

Our Party, entrusted for more than half a century with the 
governorship of North Carolina, takes tremendous pride in the 
record of our Democratic governors, and in this Convention, the 
Party endorses the dedicated, progressive, and vigorous leadership 
of Governor Luther H. Hodges. Under his guidance, the Executive 
Department has given leadership to our people and successfully 
advocated many major governmental improvements including: an 
outstanding and highly productive industrial development program 
for the entire State, new emphasis on agricultural diversification, 
food processing and more complete utilization of forest products, 
the creation of the Business Development Corporation, the estab- 
lishment of the Research Triangle, revision of the tax laws, a State 
minimum wage, new judicial districting and a study of the judicial 

139 



140 North Carolina Manual 

system, creation of the Board of Higher Education, reorganization 
of the State Highway Commission, authorization of a new legisla- 
tive building, separation of the State Prison Department from the 
State Highway Commission, establishment of the Department of 
Administration, establishment of the Department of Water Re- 
sources, development of the community college program, a pro- 
gram to stop erosion on the Outer Banks, and increased appropria- 
tions for public schools, higher education and mental institutions, 
including expansion of physical facilities. It is an administration 
in the true tradition of democracy and of the Democratic Party 
in North Carolina. 

Our North Carolina Judiciary, preponderantly of the Democratic 
Party, has a proud and distinguished record of impartial and wise 
administration of the judicial function. The protection of the 
rights of the individual is one of the basic foundations of demo- 
cratic government, and through an enlightened judiciary and fair 
and impartial law enforcement agencies, our citizens' rights are 
best guaranteed. The Democratic Party of North Carolina reiter- 
ates its support of a free and independent judiciary, and in the 
continuation of the election, by popular vote, of the judges of our 
Superior and Supreme Courts. We further pledge the Party to 
continuous study of the judiciary system in North Carolina to the 
end that it may be revised to serve its function to the greatest 
advantage of our citizens. 

The great majority of the members of the North Carolina Gen- 
eral Assembly are members of the Democratic Party. In a legisla- 
tive body uniquely powerful because of the absence of a constitu- 
tionally granted veto power to the Chief Executive, they have 
legislated carefully and wisely for the citizens of our State. They 
have had the courage and the foresight to enact laws which have 
enhanced the well being of North Carolinians, strengthened and 
kept our government modern and insured North Carolina's leader- 
ship among the states. The Democratic Party is proud of the 
legislative record of its members and pledges the efforts of Demo- 
cratic legislators in the future for the best interest of all the 
citizens of North Carolina. 



EDUCATION 

Being persuaded that the continued growth and prosperity of 
our State and very security of our Nation require that our young 



Democratic Platform 141 

people be provided with the best education our State can atford, 
and reaffirming our philosophy that it is the duty of the State to 
provide each child opportunity for an education sufficient to equip 
him for enlightened, productive and remunerative citizenship, we 
pledge the support of our Party to a constantly improving and 
steadily expanding program of public education, equipped to ele- 
vate the living standards and enrich the general learning of our 
youth, to maintaining vocational facilities, and special facilities 
and programs for the exceptionally talented, the handicapped and 
the slow learners and to regular re-examination of our teaching- 
methods, equipment and personnel to assure that professional 
qualifications and remuneration of school personnel are of a stand- 
ard equal to the demands of our scientific and technological age. 

HIGHER EDUCATION 

Believing that it is the duty of our State to provide for every 
qualified youth in the State opportunity for higher education, our 
Party pledges its continued support of the various State institu- 
tions of higher learning and the development of community college 
program to the end that they, together with private educational 
institutions of higher learning, which are making such a tre- 
mendous contribution in this field, may fulfill our ultimate aim of 
universal higher education for our qualified youth. 

HEALTH 

The Democratic Party pledges itself to support legislation and 
to develop programs within the means of the State which will pre- 
vent and alleviate mental and physical disease. 

In this connection, we advocate: 

(1) The continued development of a strong and progressive 
public health service; 

(2) The maintenance of adequate hospital facilities and per- 
sonnel for the treatment of the mentally ill and retarded; 

(3) The continuation of close cooperation between State, local 
and Federal agencies working towards construction of more 
adequate hospitals for treatment of physical suffering, and 

(4) The encouragement of private charitable institutions having 
as their object the treatment of diseases of the mind and 
body. 



142 North Carolina Manual 

AGRICULTURE 

Vv e recognize agiicuiture as the industry most basic to human 
survival. We deplore the financial condition of our farmers as a 
result of seven years of Republican administration and mis-admin- 
istration. 

We realize the urgent need of a national farm program designed 
to assure fair and adequate returns to our farmers for their labor 
and investment. We advocate enabling legislation for keeping pro- 
duction in line with demand for all the variety of farm commodi- 
ties produced in this Nation. America's capacity for agricultural 
production and its bountiful stores of food and fiber represent our 
most formidable weapon of defense against foreign aggression 
and are vital to the preservation of our domestic tranquility and 
the welfare of all our people. Therefore, we endorse legislation de- 
signed to maintain adequate stockpiles of agricultural commodi- 
ties to meet emergencies in peace or war; we urge that such 
legislation be so framed and administered that it will be clearly 
understood by the public as necessary for our national security 
and not erroneously regarded as a farm subsidy. 

We also advocate: 

(1) Continuing emphasis on agricultural research at both State 
and National levels with a view to future improvements of 
production and marketing efficiency. 

(2) Increased efforts in the development of new uses and ex- 
panding markets for farm commodities both at home and 
abroad, and the promotion of better marketing practices 
and facilities. 

(3) Support of adequate agricultural credit facilities to make 
it possible for farmers to buy their own farms, to invest in 
new facilities and equipment when these are indicated to 
meet a changing of pattern of operation and to finance 
their production at reasonable rates of interest. 

(4) Continuation of the Rural Electrification Administration 
and the Rural Telephone Program under vigorous, progres- 
sive policies which resulted in their success under Demo- 
cratic administrations. 

ROADS 

North Carolina, under the leadership of the Democratic Party, 
has earned a nationwide reputation as "the good roads State," and 



Democratic Platform 143 

believing that a system of good roads is essential to the orderly 
development and progress of every segment of our economy, the 
Party will preserve its reputation by supplying the means and 
changes necessary to keep North Carolina progressive in this field 
of public service. 

We re-emphasize the fairness and the necessity of acquainting 
the people as far ahead as possible with the location of highways, 
and maintaining a uniform procedure for the acquisition of high- 
way right-of-way. 

The Democratic Party will continue its efforts to provide ade- 
quate highway facilities for all the people in every section of 
North Carolina. 

We recognize the State's primary responsibility for protection 
of life and property on the highways of our State. To meet this 
responsibility, we pledge continued support to the program which 
has made North Carolina recognized as the Nation's leader in the 
field of highway safety and traffic law enforcement. 



PRISON, PAROLE AND PROBATION 

The Democratic Party endorses continuous improvement of 
prison administration, including rehabilitation and education pro- 
grams designed to return prisoners to society as self-supporting, 
law-abiding citizens and the expanded enlightened use of parole 
and probation in dealing with those citizens convicted of crimes. 



STATE AND LOCAL EMPLOYEES 

The Democratic Party recognizes that loyal, capable State and 
local governmental employees guarantee the principles and prac- 
tices of good government. 

The Democratic Party in North Carolina believes that the staff- 
ing of government functions to assure superior service to the 
citizens of North Carolina should be based upon standards of em- 
ployment that assure: quality employees, appointments and promo- 
tions based on merit, salaries and conditions of employment com- 
parable to those in business and industry, and fair and uniform 
treatment of employees. 

The Party pledges its support of programs on the State and 
local governmental levels which will assure these principles. 



144 North Carolina Manual 

PUBLIC WELFARE 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina has a history of deep 
concern for the less fortunate of the State's citizens and recog- 
nizes the State's obligation to provide welfare services to its 
citizens who. because of age, handicaps, infirmity, financial needs 
or otherwise are unable to provide for their essential requirements. 
We pledge ourselves to support the welfare programs which will 
provide for these needs and to develop prevention, protection, and 
rehabilitation programs which will enable these citizens insofar 
as possible to become self-supporting. 

LABOR 

We pledge our support of laws which will guarantee employees 
the right to work and employers the right to conduct their business 
as citizens in a free and democratic society. 

We pledge our support to a program of humane labor laws, safe 
and healthful working conditions, and fair compensation for the 
industrial workers who contribute so much to the prosperity of the 
State. No lasting progress can come to North Carolina unless it 
embraces the advancement and welfare of those who, by their 
labor and skill, contribute substantially to our economy. 

CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

For a healthy economy and so that we may raise our per capita 
income and produce the revenue for the State services our people 
need, it is essential that we do pledge our Party to continue to 
develop our natural resources with particular emphasis being 
placed on forestry, commercial fishing, minerals and water, and 
encourage advertising of state parks, recreational areas, and other 
points of interest to people from within and out of the State. 

We support programs to assure continued industrial develop- 
ment including encouragement of the more than 200 area and 
local development organizations, which in cooperation with the 
Division of Commerce and Industry of the Department of Con- 
servation and Development and other State agencies and institu- 
tions have done so much to promote the growth of North Carolina. 
Particular emphasis should be given to the establishment and 
development of industries in North Carolina which will process 
and package products of North Carolina agriculture. 



Democratic Platform 145 

UTILITIES 

The Democratic Party recognizes that the services rendered by 
public and private utilities are an indispensable adjunct to the 
progress of North Carolina. 

We endorse utility regulation which will insure sound, orderly 
growth and provide ample services for the people in every section 
of North Carolina. 

LAW ENFORCEMENT 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina believes in the fair 
and impartial enforcement of the law as it applies to all people 
within the State. The Party recognizes law enforcement as essen- 
tially the duty of local government. The Party pledges itself to 
continue to support and develop adequate law enforcement agencies 
on levels of government. 

TAXATION 

The Democratic Party endorses a tax structure which equitably 
distributes the costs of providing governmental services in such a 
manner as to encourage economic growth without tax conces- 
sions to segments of the economy. Administration of tax laws 
should be just and fair but firm and without special favor. 

RELATION OF THE RACES 

The Democratic Party believes in the preservation of the rights 
and liberties of the citizens of North Carolina as guaranteed to 
them by their Constitution and of the citizens of all the States 
under the Constitution of the United Sates. We believe in the 
principle of separation of the races in our schools and all institu- 
tions involving personal and social relations, and the preservation 
of our right to regulate public health, morals, marriage, education, 
peace, good order, domestic tranquility and the general welfare 
of the citizens of North Carolina. 

RE-APPORTIONMENT 

We pledge our Senators and Representatives of the 1961 General 
Assembly to take some positive action on the matter of re-appor- 
tionment in accordance with the population figures shown hy the 
1960 census. 



14(5 North Carolina Manual 

FISCAL AFFAIRS 

The State's fiscal policies and management under Democratic 
administrations have consistently been a source of pride to the 
citizens of our State. In this area we have moved conservatively, 
but nev'er hesitantly or fearfully. We have been neither radical 
nor reactionary. Our fiscal planning and administrative integrity 
has given North Carolina a credit rating, second to none. We have 
always operated on a balanced budget, and under our Party's lead- 
ership, we pledge that the State's financial affairs will continue to 
be conducted in a business-like fashion; thus, providing the ma- 
terial resources for continued progressive service to the people of 
our State. 

CONGRESS 

The Democratic delegation has made an enviable record in Con- 
gress. They have reflected great credit on our State, and their 
positions of importance both in the House and Senate indicate the 
vast influence they exert in the affairs of the nation. During the 
period of Republican administration, they have stood steadfast 
when the welfare of the people was threatened. They have kept 
the Nation's interest paramount at all times. They have shown 
themselves men of integrity and devotion to the basic principles 
of democracy and have played a dynamic part in fostering this 
principle nationally. The Democratic Party of North Carolina 
is proud of its Democratic delegation in Congress and commends 
them for their magnificent record. 

NATIONAL AFFAIRS 

Confused Leadership 

North Carolinians, used to alert, wise, and efficient State gov- 
ernment under 60 years of Democratic rule, have been doubly 
shocked and dismayed by the Republican Reign of Confusion in the 
national government. Drift and debility have been the marks of 
an administration during times of great national and international 
peril. The White House, supposedly the nerve center of national 
concern, has become the burying ground of ideas and the bastion of 
unconcern. Time and again, leadership has been uninformed, un- 
ready in crisis, and inept in action. While national problems mount 



Democratic Platform 147 

and international questions remain unanswered, the people are 
told that "Papa Knows Best" and that dynamic apathy is the best 
way to surmount the problems of the day. 

Divided Government 

Contrasted to this determined indifference is the patriotism of 
Democratic Congressional leadership, which has shouldered the 
burden of major responsibility in a period of divided government. 
It has fashioned a record which has broadened the horizons of 
Americans at home and America abroad. It has kept the pledge of 
a party which has made responsibility a cardinal political vii'tue, 
and never flinched at doing the things necessary for the nation's 
well being domestically and its strength internationally. It has done 
this under a virulent partisan attack which has not once given it 
credit for its accomplishments, nor granted it sincerity in its pur- 
pose. It has met indifference with action and irresponsibility with 
efficient concern. 

Honesty in Government 

A Republican administration which came to office sworn to be 
"as clean as a hound's tooth" has turned out to be a happy hunting 
ground of cynical imprudence in high places. This unfeeling in- 
eptitude has been demonstrated even in The White House, and 
officials whose indiscretions have been bared to the public have 
been allowed to resign with letters of commendation from the 
leader of the Great Crusade. 

Regulatory agencies, set up under Democratic administrations 
which put a premium on honesty in government and business, have 
become the dumping ground for men blind to the best interests of 
the public they are sworn to protect and eager to bend to the 
winds of narrow selfish interests. A nation has seen rigged regu- 
lation and political payola in the very agencies charged with as- 
serting the rights of the public in vast commercial enterprises 
which touch the lives of all the people. 

While the Great Crusader has peered down the green fairways 
of indifference, the government has become a breeding place of 
genteel rascality and cynical disregard for the interests of the 
many for the benefit of the few. 

Agriculture 

In no other field has the Republican record been as black as in 
that of agriculture. The Benson Plan has called for the plowing 



148 North Carolina Manual 

uiuler of the counti'y's small 1'armer.s. The Benson Department of 
Agriculture is the most costly agency of non-military government, 
yet the incomes of the nation's farmers — including those of North 
Carolina — have plunged to lows not seen since the days of the last 
Republican Depression. Enlightened programs designed to make 
rural living healthier and happier have been crippled, while the 
costs of storing a vast wealth of farm production have soared to a 
million-dollar-a-day rate. Export programs have lain inoperative 
while the world pleads for food and America's unmatched farm 
productive capacity pours out commodities which go into storage. 

Costs of Government 

North Carolinians and millions of other Americans groan under 
a Federal tax burden which has worsened during years of Repub- 
lican rule. In seven years, we have been called on to pay $6.6 
billion in additional interest charges on a mounting national debt. 
This huge outlay, product of unwise Republican policies, could 
have paid for many needed government programs, or left in the 
private economy could have added strength to labor, business, and 
agriculture. This year alone taxpayers will fork over $9.3 billion 
for interest on the largest national debt in the history of our 
country. 

While calling for increasing outlays of public funds, the admin- 
istration has made the burden worse by inefficiency and lack of 
planning in public spending. Under the command of a great Gen- 
eral, the armed services have been forced into lags in missiles and 
lags in space. This policy lag and lack of planning has confused 
the people, wasted the best use of public funds, and produced 
serious questions about our national strength. 

Despite a staggering price tag in seven years, we see ourselves 
in danger of slipping into the position of second best in the world, 
faced with enormous unmet needs at home. 

Interest Rates 

North Carolina has especially felt the burden of the Republican 
administration's tight money policies. Bonds for the construction 
of schools have been saddled with spiraling interest costs, striking 
at the heart of North Carolina's local initiative in the education 
field. The State's growing cities, faced with the necessity of pro- 
viding expanded services for their people, have also found it 
harder to market improvement bonds and more costly to retire 
them. 



Democratic Platform 149 

This mismanagement of the government's fiscal and monetary 
role has increased the worker's costs on his home, the farmer's 
costs on his tools, the family's costs of living. Far from combatting- 
inflation, it has produced the biggest average inflation ever in 
relative peacetime. 

The tight money policies of the Republican administration have 
driven up the costs of doing business and made profitable business 
more diflScult. The same administration which boasts of "fiscal 
responsibility" has driven the costs of living up 10.6 per cent. 
These rising costs and inflated interest rates have fallen heaviest 
on the small businessman and the farmer, the backbone of North 
Carolina's economy. The results of this unbusinesslike government 
policy have caused business failures at a record rate. When the 
Republican administration came into power, the business failure 
rate was 29 per 10,000. The rate of failure has increased to 56 per 
10,000 during the so-called "Eisenhower Prosperity." 

We, the Democrats of North Carolina, deplore the trend in 
National affairs under the Republicans and pledge ourselves to 
setting our National house in order under the administration of a 
Democratic President and a Democratic Congress. 

CONCLUSION 

We pledge ourselves to continue the Democratic Party as a 
living, dynamic force dedicated to the promotion and protection of 
the freedom and dignity of the individual and the welfare of all 
the people. 

We, the Democrats of North Carolina, express our gratitude to 
those generations of North Carolinians before us who entrusted 
to our Party their faith and their fortune and to those North 
Carolinians who now entrust to it the administration of the Gov- 
ernment of this great State. We reassert our belief in the im- 
portance of the individual, in his right to know, in his right to be 
educated, in his right to worship as he pleases, in his right to 
pursue the truth, and in his right to speak his mind freely on all 
matters. This sacred heritage of free thought and free speech and 
independent action in all the areas of life has been fostered by the 
Democratic Party since the days of its founding by Thomas Jeffer- 
son and to its preservation our Party is firmly committed. 

We commend the record of the Democratic Party to all forward 
thinking people. It stands always on the side of justice for the 



150 North Carolina Manual 

many and never on the side of privilege for the few. To it political 
power is not only a privilege, but also a responsibility. Its devotion 
to the fundamental principles of Democracy has resulted in its 
unsurpassed record in the Nation and the State as the Party of 
the people. In the pursuit of its principles and ideals lies the hope 
of the future. 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

State and District Committees 

Section 1. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall 
consist of nine men and nine women from each congressional dis- 
trict in the State, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings 
of delegates from the congressional districts, held on the morning 
of the State Convention as provided in Section 29 hereof; pro- 
vided, however, that every county shall have at least one member 
on the Committee. 

Sec. 2. As early as is practical after each State Convention, 
the Chairman shall call the State Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee to meet for the purpose of electing a chairman and a vice 
chairman, one of whom shall be a woman, and each of whom 
shall serve for a term of two years, or until his or her successor 
shall be elected. 

Sec. 3. The Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, as early as practicable after his election, shall appoint his 
advisory or campaign committee, consisting of not less than six 
nor more than twenty-four, with equal representation as to men 
and women, and a secretary of the State Democratic Executive 
Committee. 

Sec. 4. The congressional Democratic Executive Committee for 
each congressional district in the State shall consist of two mem- 
bers from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the 
preliminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts 
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec- 
tion 29 hereof; provided, however, that in any congressional dis- 
trict embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist 
of three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 5. The Judicial Democratic Executive Committee for each 
judicial district in the State shall consist of two members from 
each county in said district, who shall be elected at the prelimi- 
nary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held 
on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Section 
29 hereof; provided, however that in any judicial district embrac- 
ing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of three 
members from each county in the district. 

151 



152 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 5-A. The Solicitorial Democratic Executive Committee for 
each solicitorial district in the State shall consist of two members 
from each county in said district, who shall be ejected at the pre- 
liminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts 
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec- 
tion 29 hereof; provided, however, that in any solicitorial district 
embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of 
three members from each county in the district. 

Sec. 6. The State Senatorial Executive Committee for each 
senatorial district in the State which comprises more than one 
county shall consist of one member from each county in said dis- 
trict, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of delegates 
from the congressional districts held on the morning of the State 
Convention as provided by Section 29 hei-eof. In districts com- 
posed of only one county, the County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee of said county shall have jurisdiction as in the matter of 
county candidates. 

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the State 
Democratic Executive Committee, as soon as practicable after the 
State Convention, to designate one member as chairman and one 
member as secretary of each of the executive committees provided 
for in each of the foregoing four sections. The State Chairman 
shall notify the members so selected of their appointment, and in 
case any member shall fail or decline to accept such appointment, 
he shall appoint some other member in his stead. 

Sec. 8. All Democratic Executive Committees shall meet at 
such times and places as the chairman of the respective commit- 
tees may appoint and designate in the call. If for any reason there 
should occur a vacancy in the chairmanship of any executive com- 
mittee, or if such chairman should be incapacitated or should fail 
or refuse to act, the secretary shall call a meeting of said execu- 
tive committee for the purpose of electing a successor to the said 
chairman. If no meeting shall be called within five days after such 
vacancy occurs, then any other officer of said executive commit- 
tee, or any three members thereof, may call a meeting to fill said 
vacancy; provided, however, if such vacancy shall be in a state 
senatorial executive committee, in that event, any member thereof 
after said vacancy shall have existed for five days, may call a 
meeting to fill such vacancy. 

At meetings called and held by the State, Congressional, Judi- 
cial, Solicitorial, and State Senatorial Democratic Executive Com- 



Plan of Organization 153 

mittees, a majority of the membership of the committees, shall 
constitute a quorum. Members may be represented in person or 
by proxy. 

Sec. 9. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall have 
the power to fill all vacancies occurring in said committee; va- 
cancies occurring in congressional, judicial, and senatorial com- 
mittees shall be filled by the executive committee of the county in 
which such vacancies occur; precinct committees shall fill all va- 
cancies occurring in their respective committee. 

Sec. 10. All officers of the State Executive Committee and the 
National Committeeman and the National Committeewoman from 
the State, and the President, National Committeeman, and Na- 
tional Committeewoman of the Young Democratic Clubs of the 
State shall be ex-officio members of the Committee with the power 
to vote. 

Sec. 11. All executive committees shall have the power to ap- 
point subcommittees or special committees for such purposes and 
with such powers, in their respective jurisdictions, as may be 
deemed necessary or desirable. 

Sec. 12. In each election year the Chairman of the State 
Democratic Executive Committee shall convene said Committee in 
the City of Raleigh on or before the 10th day of March, and at said 
meeting the following business shall be transacted: 

( a » The time and place of holding the State Convention shall 
be determined and duly published. 

(b) A common day shall be fixed, on which all precinct meet- 
ings shall be held for the election of delegates to the county con- 
ventions. 

(c) A common day shall be fixed for the holding of a county 
convention in each county in the State for the purpose of electing 
delegates to the State Convention. 

(d) Elect one member from each Congressional District to the 
Resolutions and Platform Committee. It shall be the duty of the 
Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee to desig- 
nate one member of said Committee as Chairman and one member 
as Secretary. The Committee upon call of the Chairman shall 
organize and prepare the Party's proposed platform and consider 
all nroposed resolutions addressed to the Democratic Convention. 
(This sub-section shall not become effective until July 1, 1958.) 

Sec. 13. Immediately after the adjournment of the aforesaid 
meeting of the State Democratic Executive Committee, it shall be 



154 North Carolina Manual 

the duty of the chairman to publish the proceedings of the same, 
and it shall be the duty of the secretary of the committee to notify, 
in writing-, the several chairmen of the County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committees in the State of the respective dates so fixed for 
the holding of precinct meetings and county conventions. Directly 
after receipt of such notice it shall be the duty of each chairman 
of a County Democratic Executive Committee in the State to fix 
the hour and places for holding the precinct meetings in his 
county, the hour and place for holding the meeting of the County 
Democratic Executive Committee required by the provisions of 
Section 20 to be held on the day of the county convention; and 
thereupon the said chairman shall issue a call for the precinct 
meetings, the county convention, and the meetings of the County 
Democratic Executive Committee. The call shall be in writing and, 
at least ten days before the day set for the precinct meetings, it 
shall be posted at the courthouse door of the county and copies 
thereof shall be sent to the chairmen of all precinct committees in 
the county; a copy of the call also shall be sent as a news item to 
each newspaper published in the county. 

County and Precinct Organization 

Sec. 14. The unit of county organization shall be the voting- 
precinct. In each precinct there shall be an executive committee 
consisting of five active Democrats, at least two of whom shall 
be women, who shall be elected by the Democratic voters at the 
precinct meeting called by the chairman of the County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee as provided in this plan of organiza- 
tion. The precinct committee so elected shall elect from its mem- 
bership a chairman and a vice chairman, one of whom shall be a 
woman. 

Sec. 15. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the 
chairman of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice 
chairman of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of 
both the chairman and the vice chairman, any member of the 
committee may preside. 

Sec. 16. At the said precinct meeting, the Democratic voters in 
attendance shall elect delegates and alternates to represent the 
precinct in the county convention ; and said delegates or alternates, 
or such of them as shall attend the county convention, shall be en- 
titled to vote the full democratic strength of their precinct upon 
all questions, nominations, or elections which may come before the 



Plan ok Organization 155 

county convention. The chairman, or presiding- officer, and the 
secretary of the precinct meeting shall certify to the county con- 
vention the names of the delegates and alternates selected at the 
meeting. 

Sec. 17. Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county 
convention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote 
for fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for 
Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election : provided 
that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the 
county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many dele- 
gates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said precinct 
may be entitled in the county convention. 

Sec. 18. At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall 
be taken on the different questions, nominations, and elections 
anticipated to come before the county convention, and in that event, 
the chairman or presiding officer and the secretary of the precinct 
meeting shall certify to the county convention the vote so cast, 
and the relative vote as fixed in the precinct meeting shall not be 
changed in the county convention, except by two-thirds vote of 
the entire unit of delegates desiring to change its vote. 

Sec. 19. In case there shall be a failure to hold a precinct 
meeting in pursuance of the call of the chairman of the county 
democratic executive committee, or if at any meeting there shall 
be a failure to elect delegates to the county convention, in either 
event, the precinct democratic executive committee shall appoint 
the delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the 
precinct. 

Sec. 20. The chairman of the several precinct committees and 
the President of a duly organized County Young Democratic Club 
within that county shall compose the County Democratic Executive 
Committee, which shall meet on the same day as the county con- 
vention first held in each election year, the meeting to be held 
either before or after the convention at an hour and place to be 
designated in the call issued in pursuance of Section 13 hereof. 
At said meeting a chairman of said county executive committee 
shall be elected. Immediately after the election of the chairman, 
the committee shall elect one or more, but not exceeding three, 
vice chairmen, and also a secretary. If more than one vice chair- 
man shall be elected the order of their succession shall be desig- 
nated by title, e.g.. first vice chairman, second vice chairman, third 



156 North Carolina Manual 

vice chairman. Either the chairman or the first vice chairman 
shall be a woman. The chairman, vice chairman or vice chairmen, 
or secretary need not be members of the County Democratic Exe- 
cutive Committee, but all of said officers shall be ex-officio mem- 
bers of the committee, with the power to vote, however, at any 
organizational meeting of said County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee said ex-ofiicio members shall not have the power to vote. 
If for any reason there should occur any vacancy in the chair- 
manship of a county executive committee, by death, resignation, or 
removal, or if such chairman should be incapacitated or should 
fail or refuse to act, then the vice chairman or vice chairmen, in 
their order of succession, and thereafter the secretary, shall, in 
such order of sviccession, be vested with the full authority and 
power of the chairman until such time as said county executive 
committee has met and duly elected a successor to such chairman. 
A majority of said precinct chairmen, or in the absence of the 
chairman of any precinct the vice chairman of such precinct, or 
in the absence of the chairman and vice chairman, in the person 
of some active Democrat of the precinct in which such absent 
chairman and vice chairman reside, by proxy of the chairman, 
shall constitute a quorum. The county executive committee may 
appoint a central committee of five who shall act in its stead 
when the county executive committee is not in session. 

Provided, however, that in any non-election year subsequent to 
October 1 of such year or in any election year prior to March 1 
of such year, the Chairman of any County Democratic Executive 
Committee may issue a call for a meeting of the County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee of such county to consider the trans- 
action of business as hereinafter set out. The call shall be in writ- 
ing, shall state the time, place and purpose of the meeting. The 
meeting must be held within the county. 

At the meeting, a quorum being present, the Committee by a 
majority of those present and voting may adopt a resolution fixing 
a day for the holding of precinct meetings throughout the county 
for the purpose of electing an Executive Committee for each pre- 
cinct, and the time and places for holding such meetings; fixing the 
dav, the time and the place for a meeting of the newly elected 
Democratic Executive Committee for the purpose of electing a 
Chairman and the other officers, the election of which is provided 
for in Section 20 of the Plan of Oi'ganization. 



Plan of Organization 157 

Notice of the day, the time and the places of such precinct meet- 
ings shall be given by the Chairman. The notice shall be in writ- 
ing and at least ten days before the day set for the precinct 
meetings. The notice shall be posted at the courthouse door of the 
county and copies shall be mailed to the Chairman of all precinct 
committees of the county. A copy of the call shall also be sent as 
a news item to each newspaper published in the county. The 
notice shall contain a notice of the purpose, the date and the time 
and place for the meeting of the newly elected Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee of the county held for the purpose of electing a 
Chairman and the other officers, the election of which is provided 
for in Section 20 of the Plan of Organization. 

The term of office of each person elected at the several precinct 
meetings and at the meeting held by the County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee as provided for shall begin as soon as such person 
is elected and shall be for a period of two years, or until his or her 
successor is elected. 

All the provisions of the Plan of Organization not in conflict 
herewith shall remain in full force and effect, and the procedure 
at all meetings held hereunder shall be as set out in the Plan of 
Organization, 

The precinct meetings herein provided for shall not be held 
later than two weeks before the common day fixed for the hold- 
ing of precinct meetings throughout the state, and the meeting 
of the County Democratic Executive Committee herein provided 
for shall not be held later than two weeks before the common day 
fixed for the holding of county conventions throughout the state 
as per the Plan of Organization. 

Sec. 21. In case there shall be a failure to elect any precinct 
executive committee prior to the day of the county convention, the 
County Democratic Executive Committee at its meeting held on 
the day of the said convention shall appoint the committee for 
such precinct. 

Sec. 22. The county executive committee shall have power to 
make any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which 
it may deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed 
in this plan; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and 
furnish all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from 
said precinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals 
therefrom; and it shall have the power to raise the funds neces- 
sary to pay for expenses thereof. 



158 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 23. All county conventions shall be called to order by 
the chairman of the executive committee of such county, and in 
his absence, by the vice chairman or by one of the vice chairmen 
in the order of succession set out in Section 20 hereof, and in his 
or their absence, by any member of the county executive committee 
who may be present at the convention, and in case none of the 
foregoing persons shall be present, then by any delegate to the 
convention, and he shall preside until a permanent chairman is 
elected by the convention. 

Sec. 24. The chairman shall provide the convention with a 
sufficient number of secretaries or ready accountants, who shall 
reduce the votes to decimals and tabulate the same, disregarding 
all fractions after second or hundredth column. 

Sec. 25. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the convention 
from making nomination by viva voce or acclamation where a 
vote by township or precinct is not demanded by any Democratic 
elector present. 

Sec. 26. The County Democratic Executive Committee shall 
have the power to make such other rules and regulations for the 
holding of county conventions not inconsistent herewith, as may 
be deemed necessary or expedient. 

Sec. 27. Any chairman of a county executive committee who 
announces his candidacy for an elective office in the primary shall 
resign immediately as such chairman and the vacancy shall be 
filled as heretofore provided; but any chairman who shall so resign 
mav be reelected to such chairmanship if and when a vacancy 
occurs after the primary. 

State Convention Rules 

Sec. 28. The state convention shall be composed of delegates 
anpointed by the several county conventions. Each county in the 
State shall be entitled to elect to the State Convention one dele- 
gate and one alternate for every 150 Democratic votes and one 
delegate and one alternate for fractions over 75 Democratic votes 
cast therein for Governoi' at the last preceding gubernatorial 
election. 

Sec. 29. A preliminary meeting of the delegates shall be held 
by each congressional district on the morning of the State Con- 
vention, at rooms to be designated by the State Executive Commit- 
tee, for the purpose of selet-ting the following committees and 
officers of the convention : 



Plan of Organization 159 

One member of the committee on Resoiutions and Platform, 
(on and after July 1, 1958, this section inapplicable.) 

1. One member of the committee on Permanent Organization, 
Rules and Order of Business, which committee will nominate a 
permanent president and secretary of the convention. 

2. One vice president of the convention. 

3. One district assistant secretary. 

4. One member of the committee on Credentials and Appeals. 

5. Nine men and nine women as members of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, with at least one member being- se- 
lected from each county. 

6. Two members from each county for the Congressional, Judi- 
cial, and Solicitorial District Democratic Executive Committees; 
provided, however, in districts embracing less than five counties, 
three members of each said committee shall be elected from each 
county in said district. 

7. One member for each county of the State Senatorial Execu- 
tive Committee where the district embraces more than one county. 

8. In each Presidential election year the number of delegates 
and alternates allotted by the National Committee to each Con- 
gressional District. 

9. In each Presidential Election Year one Presidential Elector 
for each Congressional District. 

Sec. 29 A. (a) The State Convention shall elect the delegates 
to the National Convention who shall convene promptly at the 
call of the National Committeeman after their election and nomi- 
nate the National Committee representatives and such other offi- 
cers as ai*e required by the Democratic National Committee. 

(b) The State Convention shall confirm the nominations for 
Presidential Electors certified by the several districts and, in 
addition thereto, shall nominate two Presidential Electors at 
Large. 

Sec. 30. Such delegates (or alternates of absent delegates), as 
may be present at any Democratic Convention shall be allowed to 
cast the whole vote to which their precinct or county may be 
entitled. 

Sec. 31. In all conventions provided for by this plan, after a 
vote is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until the final 
result of the ballot shall be announced by the chairman of said 
convention. 



160 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 32. The chairman of the different county conventions shall 
certify the list of delegates and alternates to the State Convention, 
and a certified list of said delegates and alternates to the secre- 
tary of the State Executive Committee. 

Sec. 33. The secretary of the State Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee shall make up a roll of all delegates and alternates from 
the several counties and transmit the same to the chairman of 
the State Convention. 

Sec. 34. In all conventions a nomination may be made by any 
majority, even though it be a fraction of a vote. 

Sec. 35. In all State Conventions it shall be the duty of the 
delegates from the several counties to choose one of their number 
chairman, v^^hose name shall be reported to the president of such 
convention, and whose duty it shall be to cast the vote of his 
county as directed, and the vote as announced by him shall be 
recorded unless some delegate from that county shall challenge 
its accuracy, in which event it shall be the duty of the president 
of the convention to cause the roll of delegates from that county 
to be called, when the vote of such county shall be tabulated and 
recorded according to the response of its delegates; but in no 
event shall the vote of one county be challenged by a delegate from 
another county. 

Rotation of State Senators in Districts Composed of 
More Than One County 

Sec. 36. That in all State Senatorial Districts composed of 
more than one county, in which it has been the custom to con- 
cede the right to nominate a senator to one county of the district, 
by a plan of rotation or otherwise the same shall remain in full 
force and effect until terminated as herein provided. 

The executive committees of the several counties composing such 
Senatorial District may hereafter adopt a plan for the nomina- 
tion of candidates for the State Senate by one or more counties 
composing such district, but such plan shall not be effective until 
the executive committee of each of the counties composing the 
district shall, by a majority vote, approve such plan and file with 
the chairman of the State Executive Committee a copy of the reso- 
lution approving the same. The agreement in any senatorial dis- 
trict composed of only two counties may be terminated by a 
majority vote of the county executive committee of any one of 
the counties and in districts of more than two counties by a 



Plan op Organization 161 

majority vote of each of the executive committees of at least two 
counties, provided that notice of the termination of such agree- 
ment must be filed with the chairman of the State Executive Com- 
mittee at least 120 days in advance of the date of the primary 
election at which the candidates for the General Assembly are 
to be nominated. The chairman of the State Executive Committee 
shall promptly notify the State Board of Elections of all such 
agreements and of the termination thereof. 

Nomination of Candidates for County and Township Offices 

and for the General Assembly in Counties Not 

Under Primary Law 

Sec. 37. In all counties in which the selection of candidates for 
members of the General Assembly and county and township offices 
is not provided for by the primary law, nominations shall be made 
in the following manner: 

(a) The county democratic executive committee shall meet and 
set a time and place for holding a county convention for the 
nomination of candidates for the aforesaid offices, and shall also 
set the time and places for holding the necessary preliminary 
precinct meetings, and thereupon the chairman of the county exe- 
cutive committee shall issue a call for the precinct meetings and 
the county convention, notice of which call shall be sent to the 
precinct officials and published in svich manner and form as 
shall be directed by the said county executive committee. 

(b) At the meeting held in each precinct in pursuance of said 
notice, delegates and alternates to represent it in the county con- 
vention shall be elected from the body of the Democratic voters of 
the precinct; and said delegates or alternates, or such of them as 
shall attend the county convention shall be entitled to vote the 
full Democratic strength of their precinct in the nomination of 
candidates and upon all questions which may come before said 
county convention. 

If there is a failure to hold a precinct ineeting in pursuance of 
said notice, or if said meeting shall fail to elect delegates to repre- 
sent it in said convention, the precinct executive committee shall 
appoint delegates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the 
precinct. 

(c) Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county con- 
vention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote for 
fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct' for Cover- 



162 North Carolina Manual 

nor at the last preceding gubernatorial election : provided that 
every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the 
county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many dele- 
gates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said pre- 
cinct may be entitled in the county convention. 

(d) The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the chair- 
man of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice chair- 
man of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of both the 
chairman and vice chairman, any member of the committee may 
preside. 

(e) The county executive committee shall have power to make 
any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it may 
deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this 
plan ; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and fur- 
nish all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from 
said precinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals 
therefrom. 

Appointment of Democratic Members of County 
Board of Elections 

Sec. 38. The chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee 
in each county shall, before submitting to the State Chairman 
recommendations as to Democratic members of the county Board 
of Elections in such county, call a meeting of the democratic 
executive committee of the county and submit such recommenda- 
tions for the approval of the executive committee, and only when 
such recommendations are approved by a majority of the commit- 
tee present, shall same be submitted to the State Chairman by 
the county chairman. The time of such meeting of the respective 
county executive committees for the purpose of passing on such 
recommendations shall be fixed by the State Chairman. 

No Chairman of a County Democratic Executive Committee 
shall be eligible to serve as a member of a County Board of Elec- 
tions. 

Miscellaneous Provisions 

Sec. 39. In the several counties of the State where primaries 
are provided for by law, whether optional or mandatoi-y, this plan 
of organization shall nevertheless be followed in all matters not 
inconsistent with such laws. 



Plan of Organization 163 

Sec. 40. In the nomination of candidates for municipal offices 
to be voted for in any town or city election, where the same is not 
controlled by charter or legislative enactment, a municipal demo- 
cratic executive committee may be created for the purpose of 
facilitating the orderly selection of such candidates. The com- 
mittee shall be composed of five residents of the municipality, at 
least two of whom shall be women, to be elected biennially at a 
meeting of all members of the regular precinct executive commit- 
tee or committees who reside in the municipality, the meeting to 
be called and presided over by the chairman of the county demo- 
cratic executive committee. It shall be the sole function of any 
municipal democratic executive committee created under the pro- 
visions of this section to supervise and direct the selection of 
candidates for municipal offices, and in so doing, the committee 
shall follow in principle the procedure set out in Section 37 hereof, 
and to that end, the committee may formulate such rules and regu- 
lations as may be deemed necessary, practicable, and fair in ap- 
plying in principle the procedure set out in said Section 37. The 
committee shall elect from its membership a chairman and vice 
chairman, one of whom shall be a woman ; and all vacancies in 
membership shall be filled by the committee. 

Filling Vacancies Among Candidates and Selecting 
Candidates in Special Elections 

Sec. 41. Vacancies shall be filled among candidates, and the 
selection of candidates shall be as prescribed by G. S. 163-14.5 as 
follows : 

FILLING VACANCIES AMONG CANDIDATES. In the event 
that any person nominated in any primary election, or a person 
who has been declared nominated without opposition after the 
time for filing notice of candidacy has expired, as the candidate 
of a political party for a State Office, including the office of U. S. 
Senator, shall die, resign or for any reason become ineligible or 
disqualified before the date of the ensuing general election, the 
vacancy in the nomination caused thereby shall be filled by the 
action of the State Executive Committee of such political party 
in which the vacancy occurred; in the event of such a vacancy in 
the nomination of a candidate for a district office, including the 
offices of Representative in the Congress of the United States, 
Judge of the Superior Court, Solicitor or State Senator in a 
Senatorial District composed of more than one county, the same 



164 North Carolina Manual 

shall be lilled by the action of the appropriate executive commit- 
tee for such district of such political party in which the vacancy 
occurred; and in the event of such vacancy in the nominations of 
a candidate for a county office, or the State House of Representa- 
tives, or the State Senate in a district composed of only one 
county, and including the county entitled to furnish the Senator 
under a rotation agreement as provided for in G. S. Section 163- 
113, the same shall be filled by the action of the executive com- 
mittee of the party affected thereby in the county wherein such 
vacancy occurred; provided that where the general election ballots 
have already been printed before the vacancy occurs then G. S. 
Section 163-153 shall apply. Provided that except in case of the 
death of a candidate who is required by law to file his Notice of 
Candidacy with a County Board of Elections no substitution of 
candidates may be made after the primary or convention except 
by order of the County Board of Elections for good cause shown. 

In the event that any vacancy in any elective office, except a 
county office other than the office of Clerk of Superior Court, 
should occur at any time within ten days prior to the closing of 
the filing time as now prescribed by law for the office in which 
such vacancy occurs or after such closing of the filing time and 
thirty days prior to the next general election, a nomination shall 
be made by the proper executive committee of all political parties 
as above provided, and the names of the party candidates so 
nominated shall be printed on the official general election ballots, 
provided that where the general election ballots have already been 
printed before the vacancy occurs, then the provisions of G. S. 
Section 163-153 shall apply; and in the event of any such vacancy 
arising in any elective office more than ten days prior to the clos- 
ing of the filing time, as now prescribed by law, for candidates 
to file for the office affected, nominations of party candidates for 
such office shall be made in the ensuing primary election, and all 
candidates for said office shall file their notices of candidacy with 
the proper Board of Elections as is provided for in G. S. Sections 
163-119 and 163-120; provided that in all special elections held 
for Congressmen the provisions of G. S. Section 163-105 shall 
apply. 

In the event of a vacancy in the office of a Clerk of a Superior 
Court within thirty days prior to a general election, then the 
nomination of a party candidate shall be made by the County 
Executive Committee. 



Plan of Organization 165 

Sec. 42. The right of appeal shall lie from any subordinate 
committee or convention to the committee or convention next 
superior thereto, and in all county or state conventions appeals 
shall first be referred to the committee on Credentials and Ap- 
peals, or a special committee provided by the convention, and the 
findings and reports of such committee had before action thereon 
by the convention. 

Sec. 43. It shall be the duty of the county executive commit- 
tees and their chairman to make such reports and furnish such 
information to the chairman of the State Democratic Executive 
Committee and chairman of the several district committees as 
the said State and district chairmen may desire. 

Sec. 43-A. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall 
appoint a committee of three whose duty it shall be to audit, not 
less frequently than biennially, the financial accounts and bal- 
ances of the Committee. 

Amendments to Plan of Organization 

Sec. 44. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall, by 
a majority vote of the full committee, have power to amend this 
plan of organization. 

The foregoing is the plan of organization of the Democratic 
party of North Carolina as adopted by the State Democratic 
Executive Committee, at a meeting held in the city of Raleigh on 
the 5th day of March, 1918, together with all amendments thereto 
up to and including a regular meeting of said committee held in 
the City of Raleigh on April 8, 1960. 

WOODROW W. JONES 
Chairman. 



166 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEES OF THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(From list furnished by Secretary, State Democratic 
Executive Committee) 

STATE DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1960 

OFFICERS 

Chairman Bert L. Bennett, Winston-Salem 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. J. Henry Cromartie, Charlotte 

Secretary John D. McConnell, Southern Pines 

Executive Secretary Wallace N. Hyde, Raleigh 

EX-OFFICIO 

President, Young Democratic Clubs of N. C Samuel H. Johnson, Raleigh 

National Committeeman William W. Staton, Sanford 

National Committeewoman Mrs. Herbert S. McKay, Chapel Hill 

National Committeeman, Young Democratic Clubs Charlie Kivett, Greensboro 

National Committeewoman, Young Democratic Clubs Lou Constantinou, Durham 

Committees 
First District 

County Name Town 

Beaufort Mrs. Scott Topping Pantego 

Beaufort John A. Winfield Pineto wn 

Camden Mrs. Jerry Forbes Shiloh 

Chowan A. B. Harless ^ Eden ton 

Currituck Mrs. Dudley Bagley Moyock 

Dare R. Bruce Etheridge Manteo 

Gates A. P. Godwin, Jr Gatesville 

Hertford R. H. LInderwood Murfreesboro 

Hyde Mrs. Dick O'Neal New Holland 

Martin J. H. Gray, Sr Roberson ville 

Martin Mrs. E. S. Peel, Sr Williamston 

Pasquotank John H. Hall Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. Norma Shannonhouse Elizabeth City 

Perquimans J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

Pitt J. H. Harrell Greenville 

Pitt Mrs. J. P. Sumrell Box 518, Avden 

Tyrrell Mrs. W. C. Cahoon Columbia 

Washington Carl L. Bailey Pl,^■mouth 

Second District 

Bertie John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Bertie Mrs. C. W. Beasley Colerain 

Edgecombe John H. Price Tarboro 

Edgecombe Mrs. J. W. Sexton Rocky Mount 

Greene Mrs. H. Maynard Hicks Snow Hill 

Greene M. B. Taylor Walstonburg 

Greene Mrs. Joseph I. Horton Snow Hill 

Halifax Eric W. Rodgers Scotland Neck 

Halifax F. H. Gregory, Jr 7- Weldon 

Lenoir J. A. Jones Kinston 

Lenoir Mrs. Woodrow Taylor Deep Run 

Northampton Perry W. Martin Rich Square 

Northampton Mrs. J. Grady Bridgers Jackson 

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warrenton 

Warren Mrs. Barker Williams Warrenton 

Warren W. W. Taylor, Jr Warrenton 

Wilson Mitchell P. Farris Wilson 

Wilson Mrs. R. Rov Moore Wilson 



State Committees, Democratic 167 

Third District 

County Name Town 

Carteret C. G. Holland Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. Hoda Cooper Morehead City 

Craven D. L. Ward New Bern 

Craven Mrs. Harold Orringer New Bern 

Duplin G. H. Blanton Wallace 

Duplin Mrs. Ed Strickland Warsaw 

Jones W. Murray Whitaker Trenton 

Jones Mrs. John D. Larkins Trenton 

Onslow C. L. Sabiston Jacksonville 

Onslow Mrs. Lester G. Simpson Jacksonville 

Pamlico M. D. Brinson Grantsboro 

Pamlico .Mrs. E. R. Goodwin ; Oriental 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 

Pender Mrs. Robert Grady Johnson Burgaw 

Sampson : Henry Vann Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. R. A. Pool Clinton 

Wayne W. Dortch Langston Goldsboro 

Wayne Mrs. Robert Root Goldsboro 

Fourth District 

Chatham J. S. Wrenn Siler City 

Chatham Mrs. Margaret Sharpe Rt. #3, Chapel Hill 

Franklin Walter E. Fuller Rt. #3, Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. A. E. Hall Youngsville 

Johnston William H. Britt Smithfield 

Johnston Mrs. Roy Coates Smithfield 

Johnston Mrs. Lucille Oliver Pine Level 

^sfash M.S. Hayworth Rocky Mount 

Kfash Ben H. Neville Whitakers 

Nash Mrs. G. Ralph Strickland Middlesex 

Randolph J. D. Ross, Sr Asheboro 

Randolph Mrs. I. F. Craven Ramseur 

Vance Fred S. Royster Henderson 

Vance Mrs. Louis D. Horner Henderson 

Wake Mrs. L. M. Massey Zebulon 

Wake Thomas A. Banks Garner 

Wake Mrs. J. M. Broughton Raleigh 

Wake Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Fifth District 

Caswell Mrs. Jos. H. Warren Prospect Hill 

Caswell W. A. Cobb Rt. #1, Ruffin 

Forsyth E. T. PuUen, Jr Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Mrs. Eunice Ayers Courthouse, Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Bert L. Bennett, Jr Box 2493, Winston-Salem 

Granville N. E. Cannady Oxford 

Granville D. G. Brummitt Oxford 

Granville I.E. Harris Creedmoor 

Person John H. Merritt Roxboro 

Person E. P. Warren Hurdle Mills 

Rockingham J. Hoyle Stultz . Draper 

Rockingham Mrs. J. Hampton Price LeaksviUe 

Rockingham Claude S. Burton LeaksviUe 

Stokes Mrs. Grace Rodenbough Walnut Cove 

Stokes Joe I. Marshall Wahiut Cove 

Surry F. Fred Folger, Jr Dobson 

Surry T. D. Simmons Mt. Airy 

Surrv Fred Norman Dobson 



168 North Carolina Manual 

Sixth District 

County Name Town 

Alamance Mrs. John H. Vernon, Sr Burlington 

Alamance D. B. Paris Graham 

Alamance E. T. Sanders Burlington 

Alamance Eugene Gordon Burlington 

Durham Basil M. Watkins Wachovia Bk. Bldg., Durham 

Durham Robert D. HoUeman 1110 N. Gregson, Durham 

Durham Mrs. Edith Skinner 2902 Legion Ave., Durham 

Durham Watts Carr, Jr 3 Beverlv Dr., Durham 

Guilford Bryce R. Holt Southeastern Bldg., Greensboro 

Gui ford James B. Wolfe 2920 S. Elm, Greensboro 

Gui'ford Mrs. Fred Maus 2706 Liberty Rd., Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. L. R. Preyer 60-5 Sunset Dr., Greensboro 

Guilford O. A. Kirkman Hii^h Point 

Guilford Mrs. Hunter Dalton . . . 1048 Rockford Rd., High Point 

Guilford Floyd Buchanan McLeansville 

Guilford Mrs. W. Glenn Crihfield Jamestown 

Orange Mrs. George E. Nicholson, Jr Chapel Hill 

Orange Fred S. Gates Hillsboro 

Seventh District 

Balden James A. Bridger Bladenboro 

Bladen Mrs. E. F. McCulloch Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Kirby Sullivan Southport 

Brunswick Mrs. Louise Parker Southport 

Columbus L. R. Wayne Southport 

Columbus W. A. Williams Tabor City 

Columbus Mrs. Lolly Johnson Whiteville 

Cumberland L. O. Carter, Jr Fayetteville 

Cumberland N. H. McGeachy Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Tom Finch Fayetteville 

Harnett Fred Byerly ". . . Dunn 

Harnett Mrs. E. H. Lasater Rt. #1, Erwin 

New Hanover Cicero Yow Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Alice Strickland Box 285, Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. T. J. Cause Wilmington 

Robeson Mrs. D. A. McCormick McDonald 

Robeson J. E. Watson Red Springs 

Robeson E. P. Bond Rowland 

Eighth District 

Anson Walter E. Brock Wadesboro 

Davidson Eugene Morris Lexington 

Davidson Mrs. Charles Eanes. . . .415 W. Main St., Thomasville 

Davie Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville 

Hoke J. Benton Thomas Raeford 

Lee Ralph Monger, Jr Sanford 

Lee D. F. Harris Sanford 

Montgomery Wade Bruton Attorney General, Raleigh 

Moore W. P. Saunders Southern Pines 

Moore Mrs. Bess McCaskill Carthage 

Richmond Mr. Elsie Webb Rockingham 

Richmond Clyde Causey Rockingham 

Scotland R. F. McCoy Laurinburg 

Union Henry B. Smith Monroe 

Union Miss Edith Marsh Box 9533, Raleigh 

Wilkes Mrs. Hazel Turner N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes William M. Carrington N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Fred J. Brandon Yadkinville 



State Committees, Democratic 169 

Ninth District 

County Name Town 

Alexander C. K. Sherrill Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. R. S. Ferguson Taylorsville 

Alleghany R. F. Grouse Sparta 

Alleghany Mrs. Edna Thompson Sparta 

Ashe Ira T. Johnston Jefferson 

Ashe Mrs. Ruth T. Draughan W. Jefferson 

Caldwell E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Caldwell Mrs. Margaret B. Moore Lenoir 

Caldwell F. W. Hoover Lenoir 

Caldwell D. M. Courtney Lenoir 

Cabarrus J. Lee White Concord 

Cabarrus Mrs. T. S. Dellinger Kannapolis 

Iredell Albert Rhyne Statesville 

Iredell Mrs. E. M. Land Statesville 

Rowan George Uzzell Salisbury 

Rowan Rachel Lucas Salsibury 

Stanly Vann B. Smith Oakboro 

Stanly Mrs. Everette Beam Albemarle 

Watauga Wade E. Brown Boone 

Watauga Mrs. R. C. Rivers Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery George Nesbitt Elk Park 

Avery W. K. Anderson Newland 

Burke Robert B. Byrd Morganton 

Burke Mrs. Paul Smith Rutherford College 

Burke Jack B. Kirksey Morganton 

Catawba Mrs. John M. Abernathy Newton 

Catawba Adrian Shuf ord Conover 

Catawba J. C. Rudisill, Jr Newton 

Lincoln Arnold E. Tarr Lincolnton 

Lincoln Mrs. Hal Hefner Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg Mrs. B. N. Hunter 1126 N. Davidson, Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. J. Oliver Ranson Huntersville 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Henry Bryant . . . 200.'5 Brandon Circle, Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Francis H. Fairley 632 Cherokee Rd. , Charlotte 

Mecklenburg John Klutz Rt. 10, Box 201 L, Charlotte 

Mecklenburg J. A. Stenhouse 1323 Townes Rd., Charlotte 

Mitchell Mrs. A. N. Fuller Spruce Pine 

Mitchell Rex O. Wilson Spruce Pine 

Eleventh District 

Cleveland O. M. Mull Shelby 

Cleveland C. C. Home Shelby 

Cleveland B. T. Falls, Jr Shelby 

Gaston Earl T. Graves Gastonia 

Gaston Mrs. Rubye D. Rhyne Gastonia 

Gaston George A. Jenkins Gastonia 

Madison Liston B. Ramsey Marshall 

Madison William M. Roberts Marshall 

McDowell Robert W. Proctor Marion 

McDowell Mrs. John Poteat Marion 

McDowell Hugh Beam Marion 

Polk Mrs. Janie Thompson Columbus 

Polk Fred Smith Tryon 

Rutherford T. Max Watson Spmdale 

Rutherford Mrs. Norman Greig Chimney Rock 

Rutherford O. J. Holler Union Mills 

Yancey Judge J. Frank Huskins Burnsvillo 

Yancey . . . M rs. Louis Robinson Burnsville 



170 North Carolina Manual 

Twelfth District 

County Name Town 

Buncombe Earl Fowler 12 Pack Sq,, Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. Harold Bennett Windsor Rd., Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. W. P. O'Donnell 4 Woodley Ave., Asheville 

("herokee H. L. McKeever Murphy 

Clay C. L. Davis Hayesvill'e 

Graham Mrs. Opa! Long Robbinsville 

Haywood Ernest Messer Canton 

Haywood Mrs. Jack West Waynesville 

Henderson J. Nathaniel Boone Hendersonville 

Henderson Mrs. B. J. Romeo Hendersonville 

Jackson Raymond V. Sutton Sylva 

Jackson Mrs. Jane Romeo Sylva 

Macon Clyde West Franklin 

Macon Mrs. Kate Wrenn Franklin 

Transylvania Bennett J. Jones Brevard 

Transylvania Mrs. Owen Lee Brevard 

Swain A.J. Sutton Bryson City 

Swain Mrs. James C. Sneed Bryson City 



State Democratic Congressional District Executive 

Committees 

1960 

First District 

Beaufort Bernard Voliva Belhaven 

Beaufort J. Leon Patrick Choeowinity 

Camden D. F. Bartlet Shiloh 

Camden W. Frank Williams South Mills 

Chowan P. S. McMullan Eden ton 

Chowan E. W. Spires Edenton 

Currituck Wilton Walker, Jr Currituck 

Currituck Dudley Bagley Moyock 

Dare Charles R. Evans Manteo 

Dare Julian Austin Frisco 

Gates Horace Carter Gatesville 

Gates R. E. Miller Gatesville 

Hertford W. I. Johnson Ahoskie 

Hertford H. W. Whitley Murfreesboro 

Hyde M. A. Matthews Engelhard 

Hyde CM. Swindell Fairfield 

Martin Hugh Martin Williamston 

Martin Henry Winslow Williamston 

Pasquotank W. I,. Thompson Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. Lorimer Midgett Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Wm. F. Ainsley Hertford 

Perquimans J. H. Tome Hertford 

Pitt W. I. Bissette Grifton 

Pitt CD. Langston Winterville 

Tyrrell W. C Cahoon Columbia 

Tyrrell Jake Walker Columbia 

Washington Mrs. James Ward Plymouth 

Second District 

Bertie Lacy M. Early Windsor 

Bertie Mrs. E. S. Pugh Windsor 

Edgecombe Vinson Bridgers Tarboro 

Edgecombe Clarence Wickham Tarboro 



State Committees, Democratic 171 



County Name Town 

Greene M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill 

Greene Mrs. A. J. Harrell Snow Hill 

Halifax Mrs. W. B. Allsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax Mrs. T. C. Quails, Jr Hollister 

Lenoir Forrest Waller Rt. 4, Kinston 

Lenoir Harold Hardison Deep Run 

Northampton J. Ivey Bridgers Conway 

Northampton Mrs. James Massey Pleasant Hill 

Warren W. E. Turner Rt. 2, Henderson 

Warren James H. Limer Littleton 

Wilson . A. Roy Moore Wilson 

Wilson W. W. Barnes Wilson 

Third_District 

Carteret Irvin W. Davis Beaufort 

Carteret Mrs. Leslie Moore Beaufort 

Craven J. E. Witherengton Vanceboro 

Craven Mrs. Q. L. Ward New Bern 

Duplin L. P. Wells Albertson 

Duplin Mrs. E. H. Boney Wallace 

Jones Mrs. George Hughes Pollocksville 

Jones John R. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Onslow Alex Warlick Jacksonville 

Onslow James Strickland Jacksonville 

Pamlico J. C. Wiley Grantsboro 

Pamlico Mrs. R. A. Horton Stonewall 

Pender Hugh Walker Currie 

Pender Mrs. Roy Rowe Burgaw 

Sampson R.J. Wimbish Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. Gordon Love Garland 

Wayne Lindsay Warren, Jr Goldsboro 

Wa>-ne Mrs. Edward Wooten Belforl 

Fourth District 

Chatham Mrs. D. D. Marley Siler City 

Chatham Mrs. Harry Horton Pittsboro 

Franklin Taylor W. Boone Rt. 4, Louisburg 

Franklin J. Fred Perry Rt. 2, Zebulon 

Johnston Tom I. Davis Selma 

Johnston Mrs. Jim Poole Smithfield 

Nash John D. Weaver Rocky Mount 

Nash W. L. Thorpe, Jr Rocky Mount 

Randolph Fields Caviness Asheboro 

Randolph Joe Sam White Rt. 3, High Point 

Vance Chas. I. Blackburn Henderson 

Vance A. A. ZoUicofTer, Jr Henderson 

Wake John H. Anderson Raleigh 

Wake Banks Arendell Raleigh 

Fifth^Bistrict 

Caswell H. R. Thompson Yancey ville 

Caswell M.S. Angle Milton 

Forsyth Phillip E. Lucas Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Clark S. Brown Winston-Salem 

Granville T. G. Stem, Jr. Oxford 

Granville W. W. Whitfield Creedmoor 

Person E. G. Thompson Roxboro 

Person Darcy Bradsher Roxboro 

Rockingham Wm. C. Stokes Reidsville 

Rockingham W. B. Lucas Spray 

Stokes Marjorie Christian Danbury 

Stokes A.J. Ellington Danbury 

Surry Frank Comer Dobson 

Surry Franklin Folger Klkiii 



172 North Carolina Manual 

Sixth District 

County Name Town 

Alaminco John H. Vernon, ,Jr Burlington 

Alamance Louis C. Allen , Jr Burlington 

Alamance D. M. McClellan Burlington 

Durham Blackwell Brogden Durham 

Darham Edward Dunham Durham 

D urhani John Ferrell Durham 

Guilford Mrs. Margaret Hart High Point 

Guilford George Sockwell RFD, Elon College 

Guilford Chas. C. Wimbish Greensboro 

Orange Mrs. Herbert McKay Chapel Hill 

Orange Sam Gattis Hillsboro 

Orange Mrs. Harold Walters Chapel ;Hill 

Seventh District 

Bladen Albert Thompson Elizabethtown 

Bladen Sidney Britt Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Margurite Frink Southport 

Brunswick Ernest Parker, Jr Southport 

Columbus D. Jack Hoop Whiteville 

Columbus W. H. Powell, Jr Whiteville 

Cumberland A. Wilbur Clark Fayetteville 

Cumberland Charles G. Rose, Jr Fayetteville 

Harnett Clyde Adams Angier 

Harnett Mrs. W. E. Nichols Coats 

New Hanover Mrs. S. T. Collins Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Henry C. Bost Wilmington 

Robeson Cutlar Moore Lumberton 

Eighth District 

AnsDn Fred T. Tillman Wadesboro 

Anson F. M. Mills Wadesboro 

Davidson Wayne Shoaf Rt. 5, Lexington 

Davidson Willis Hooper Thomasville 

Davie Mrs. Clyde Young Mocksville 

Davie G. H. C. Shutt Mocksville 

Hoke W. L. McFadyen Raeford 

Hoke Laurie McEachern Raeford 

L93 Robert Dalrymple Sanford 

Lea J. C. Edwards Sanford 

Montgomery G. S. Garris Troy 

Montgomery R. B. Jordan, Jr Mt. Gilead 

Moore C. C. McCaskill Carthage 

Moore Mrs. W. G. Brown Carthage 

Richmond Vance McGuirt Hamlet 

Richmond Joe McLaurin Rockingham 

Scotland James L. Sutherland, Jr Laurinburg 

Scotland P. D. Jones Laurinburg 

Union S. Glenn Hawfield Monroe 

Union Ir vin Price Monroe 

Wilkes Mrs. Louis Dula N. Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Cecil Lee Porter N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Clint Poindexter East Bend 

Yadkin Marshall Phillips East Bend 

Ninth District 

Alexander Roy Queen Stony Point 

Alexander Mrs. Eunice Moose Taylorsville 

Alleghany W. F. Osbourne Sparta 

Alleghany Edwin Duncan Sparta 

Ashe Wade E. Vannoy, Sr West Jefferson 

Ashe Thomas S. Johnston Jefferson 

Cabarrus D. Ray McEachern Concord 



State Committees, Democratic 173 

County Name Town 

Cabarrus Dr. J. O. Nolan Kannapolis 

Caldwell J. C. Talbert Lenoir 

Caldwell Mrs. J. C. Spencer Lenoir 

Iredell Thurston Houston RFD, Troutman 

Iredell W. R. Battley Statesville 

Rowan L. M. Musiger Salisbury 

Rowan J. F. Hurley, Sr Salisbury 

Stanly O. G. Sikes, Jr Albemarle 

Stanly J. B. Little, Sr Albemarle 

Watauga Gordon Taylor Boone 

Watauga D. Grady Moretz Boone 

Tenth District 

Avery R. T. Lewis Newland 

Avery Mrs. Hope Teaster Newland 

Burke H. J. Hatcher Morgan ton 

Burke Mrs. S. J. Ervin, III Morgan ton 

Catawba J. W. Abernethy, Jr Newton 

Catawba Mrs. Harry Vanderlinden Rt. 5, Hickory 

Lincoln Jack Ragan Lincolnton 

Lincoln Jack Dellinger Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg Carl E wing Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. James McMillan Charlotte 

Mi tchell Harper Wilson Bakersville 

Mitchell Mrs. Carroll Rogers Spruce Pine 

Eleventh Distrlc 

Cleveland G. G. Powell Shelby 

Cleveland R. Patrick Spangler Shelby 

Gaston John L. Fraley Cherry ville 

Gaston Wade W. Mitchem Gastonia 

Madison Gill Whitten Hot Springs 

Madison T. V. Ramsey Rt. G, Marshall 

McDowell R. Jack Morris Marion 

McDowell Otis Ledbetter Marion 

Polk Mrs. Annie Mae Walker Campobella, S. C. 

Polk J. W. Durham Rt. 1, Tryon 

Rutherford Robert Blanton Forest City 

Rutherford Claude Lowery Forest City 

Yancey Paul Buck Rt. 4, Burnsville 

Yancey Luther Robinson Rt. 5, Burnsville 

Twelfth District 

Buncombe Dane Snelson Asheville 

Cherokee Charles C. Forrester Murphy 

Clay H. M. Moore Hayesville 

Graham C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

Haywood Lorenzo Smith 

Henderson Ossie Bishop Hendersonville 

Jackson Raymond Nicholson Sylva 

Macon John Archer Franklin 

Swain Edwin B. Whitaker Bryson City 

Transylvania Charles Russell Brevard 



174 North Cakoijna Manual 

State Democratic Judicial District Executive Committees 

1960 

First District 

County Name Town 

Camden J. J. Walsl on (Camden 

Camden M. D. Stevens Camden 

Chowan N. S. Privatt Eden ton 

Currituck Walton Griggs Point Harbor 

Currituck G. A. Wallcer Snowden 

Dare Martin Kellogg, Jr Manteo 

Dare W. H. McCo wn Manteo 

Gates Martin Kellogg Sunburv 

Gates C. H. Carter, Jr Hobbsville 

Pasquotank Martin B. Simpson, Jr Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. W. C. Dawson, Sr Elizabeth City 

Perquimans C. R. Holmes Hertford 

Perquimans W. G. Edwards Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort Jas. B. McMullan Washington 

Beaufort Heber Winfield Washington 

Hyde Keith Dunbar Scranton 

Hyde Roger Swindell New Holland 

Martin Paul D. Roberson Robersonville 

Martin G. C. Ange Jamesville 

Tyrrell C. E. Morris Columbia 

Tyrrell Mrs. Julian H. Swain Columbia 

Washington W. Blunt Rodman Plymouth 

Washington .Carl L. Bailey, Jr Plymouth 

Third District 

Carteret Herbert O. Phillips Morehead City 

Carteret Mrs. Bud Dixon Morehead City 

Craven L. E. Lancaster Vanceboro 

Craven R. E. Sumrell New Bern 

Pamlico B. E. HoUowell Bayboro 

Pamlico Mrs. Z. E. Campen Alliance 

Pitt Alton Barrett Greenville 

Pitt L. W. Gaylord, Jr Greenville 

Pitt J. B. Spillman Greenville 

Fourth District 

Duplin H. E. Phillips Kenansville 

Duplin Mrs. W. L. Wells Kenansville 

Jones Mrs. George L. Hughes PoUocksville 

Jones Mrs. R. E. Bender PoUocksville 

Onslow Z. L. Riggs Jacksonville 

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Sampson H. H. Hubbard Clinton 

Sampson .J. C. Moore Clinton 

Fifth District 

New Hanover Alan Marshall Wilmington 

New Hanover Aaron Goldburg Wilmington 

New Hanover Mrs. Addison Hewlett, Jr Wilmington 

Pender .John J. Best Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. Fredrick Coville ^ Atkinson 



State Committees, Democratic 175 

sixth District 

County Name Town 

Bertie Mrs. L. D. Perry Colerain 

Bertie Robert E. Williford Lewiston 

Bertie M. B. Gillam, Jr Windsor 

Halifax M.S. Benton Roanoke Rapids 

Halifax George A. Hux Enfield 

Northampton. . Russell Johnson, Jr Conway 

Northampton Felton Turner Jackson 

Northampton H. R. Harris, Jr Seaboard 

Seventh District 

Edgecombe Don Gilliam, Jr Edgecombe 

Edgecombe Cameron S. Weeks Tarboro 

Edgecombe R. T. Fountain Rocky Mount 

Nash O. B. Moss Spring Hope 

Nash J. W. Keel, Jr ; . . . Rocky Mount 

Nash Hubert E. May Nashville 

Wilson Robert Farris Wilson 

Wilson John D. Wilson Wilson 

Wilson Everett Blake Wilson 

Eighth District 

Greene Walter G. Sheppard Snow Hill 

Greene Sam Jenkins Walstonburg 

Greene George W. Edwards Snow Hill 

Lenoir W. A. Allen, Jr Kinston 

Lenoir J. L. Kallam RFD, Kinston 

Lenoir W. Olive Reed Kinston 

Wayne J. E. Bizzell Goldsboro 

Wayne Ayden Parker Goldsboro 

Ninth District 

Franklin Jimmy Allen, Jr Louisburg 

Franklin T. Mort Harris Rt. 4, Louisburg 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Granville T. S. Rovster .Oxford 

Person O. T. Kirby Roxboro 

Person ; D. R. Taylor Roxboro 

Vance Henry W. High! Henderson 

Vance J. H. Zollicoffer ^ .Henderson 

Warren John H. Picot Littleton 

Warren R. H. Bright Warren! on 

Tenth District 

Wake W. T. Joyner Raleigh 

Wake A. L. Purrington Raleigh 

Wake Carl P. Holleman Apex 

Eleventh District 

Harnett H. C. Strickland Angler 

Harnett D. P. Ra v Angler 

Harnett Dr. W. W. Stanfield Dunn 

Johnston Mrs. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Johnston W. R. Britt Smithfield 

Johnston J. T. Smith Cla vton 

Lee K. R. Hoyle Sanford 

Lee D. B. Teague Sanford 

Lee W. W. Staton Sanford 

Twelfth District 

Cumberland Dr. Geddie Monroe Fa\c(tcvillc 

Cumberland Don McCoy Fajof teville 

Hoke Jeff Harris Red Springs 

Hoke Mrs. Paul Dickson Raeford 



176 North Carolina Manual 

Thirteenth District 

(bounty Name lown 

B'^i^en Bdward Clark Elizabel hf own 

gl'i^en. . Worth Hester Elizabethlowti 

Brunswick E. J. Prevatte Southport 

Brunswu-k A. H. Gainey, Jr Southport 

Columbus R. C. Soles, Jr Tabor City 

Columbus Frank Powell Tabor City 

Cilumbus Sanky W. Robinson Whiteville 

Fourteenth District 

Durham J.^H. Wheeler Durham 

Durham R. Percy Reade Durham 

Durham I. H. Terry Durham 

Fifteenth District 

Alamanca James Hawkins Graham 

Alamance Robert Nance Burlington 

Ala-niiifs Fitch Hensley Graham 

L;nitnam Edwin B. Hatch Pittsboro 

CMtnam Mrs. Edward S. Holmes Pittsboro 

Chatham W. S. Phillips Bonleigh 

Orange W. E. Merrtit Chapel Hill 

Orange James W. Taylor HiUsboro 

(Grange Chas. B. Hobson Chapel Hill 

Sixteenth District 

J^'J'-^O" J- H. Hanin:^tori, Jr Lumberton 

g^bs'on W. E. Timberlake Lumberton 

Robeson Mrs. Emily B. Brit.t Lumberton 

Scotland Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

i^c-atland J. Dickson Phillips, Jr Laurinburg 

Seventeenth District 

Caswell C. L. Pemberton Yancevville 

Caswell Ralph O. Vernon Blanche 

Rockingham D. Floyd Osborn ■ . Leaksville 

Rockmgham Jule McMichael Reidsville 

Stokes Cecil Frye Pinnacle 

Stokes Laura Ellington Sandy Ridge 

Surry J. N. Freeman Mt Airy 

■'^'^rry p. O. Wilson Pilot Mountain 

Eighteenth District 

Guilford Robert M. Martin High Point 

Guilford Sam Johnson Greensboro 

Guilford ■. . . . Mrs. Zack L. Whi taker Oak Ridge 

Nineteenth District 

( "ubarrus Hubert L. Warren Concord 

'/abirrus B. S. Brown, Jr Kannapolis 

Monti^omery John Kern Star 

Mont-^omery Howard Dorsett Mt. Gilead 

Randoloh Archie Smith : Asheboro 

Randolph Larrv Hammond Randleman 

Randolph J. M. Gates Franklin ville 

li'jwan Robert M. Davis Salisbury 

Rowan W. T. Seay Spencer 

Rowan J. G. Hudson , Jr Salisbury 



State Committees, Democratic 177 

Twentieth^Oistrict 

Countyj Name Town 

Anson M. D. McLendon Wadesboro 

Anson B. M. Edwards "Wadpsboro 

Moore E. O. Brogden, Jr Carthage 

Moore W. Lament Brown Southern Pines 

Richmond John T. Page, Jr Rockingham 

Richmond John Covington, Jr Rockingham 

Stanly E. E. Crutchfield Albemarle 

Stanly Frank W. Patterson, Jr Albemarle 

Union Richard Clark Monroe 

Union J. Max Thomas Monroe 

Twenty-First District 

Forsyth Robert Stockton Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Wm. S. Mitchell Winston-Salem 

Twenty-Second District 

Alexander A. C. Payne Taylorsville 

Alexander Earl Willet Hiddenite 

Davidson Wade Phillips Lexington 

Davidson Thurman Briggs Lexington 

Davidson George Hundley Thomasville 

Davie George W. Marlin Mocksville 

Davie Mrs. R. S. McNeil Mocksville 

Iredell T. T. Avery Statesville 

Iredell C. B. Winberry Statesville 

Iredell Fred Chamblee Statesville 

Twenty-Third District 

Alleghany Worth Folger Sparta 

Alleghany R. Glenn Nichols Sparta 

Ashe Thomas C. Bowie, Jr W. Jefferson 

Ashe Todd H. Gentry W. Je ff erson 

Ashe Mrs. Ed M. Anderson W. Jefferson 

Wilkes Mrs. Bill Carrington N. Wilk esboro 

Wilkes Julius A. Rouseau, Jr N. Wilk esboro 

Yadkin Mrs. A. H. Logan Yadk inville 

Yadkin Allen Woodruff Boo n villo 

Twenty-Fourth District 

Avery Ralph Gwaltney Newland 

Avery B. S. Dobbin Newland 

Avery B. H. Winters Newland 

Madison E. Y. Ponder Marshall 

Madison B. K. Meadows Rt. 1, Hot Springs 

Mitchell Frank Watson Spruce Pine 

Mitchell Clingman Ellis Spruce Pine 

Mitchell Fred Robinson Bakcrsville 

Watauga J. C. Goodnight Boone 

Watauga Clyde Morety Deep Gap 

Yancey C. P. Randolph Burnsville 

Yancey W. E. Anglin Burnsville 

Twenty-Fifth District 

Burke Livingston Vernon Mcrganton 

Burke W. Harold Mitchell Valdese 

Burke Mrs. John E. Giles Morganton 

Caldwell E. F. Allen Lenoir 

Caldwell Dr. Dennis Cook I ( noir 

Caldwell Earl Tate Lenoir 

Catawba Marvin Wooten Hickory 

Catawba Wade Lefler New Ion 

Catawba Marshall Younl Hickory 



178 NoKTii Carolina Manual 

Twenty-Sixth District 

County Name Town 

Mecklenburg Leon Olive Charlotte 

Mecklenburg John D. Warren Charlotte 

Twenty-Seventh District 

Cleveland Max Harris Boiling Springs 

Cleveland Joe F. Mull Shelby 

Cleveland J. R. Davis Kings Mountain 

Gaston Harley Gaston, Jr Belmont 

Gaston Frank P. Cooke Gastonia 

Gaston W. J. Allran, Jr Cherry ville 

Lincoln W. L. Morris Lincolnton 

Lincoln T. J. Wilson Lincolnton 

Lincoln M. T. Leatherman Lincolnton 

Twenty-Eighth District 

Buncombe William B. Burrows Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. John Reynolds Asheville 

Twenty-Ninth District 

Henderson B. B. Massagee, Jr Hendersonville 

Henderson Mac Aiken Hendersonville 

McDowell E. J. House Marion 

McDowell E. P. Dameron Marion 

McDowell Paul J. Storey Marion 

Polk W. A. McFarland f 'olumbus 

Polk John R. Burgess Columbus 

Polk J. G. Stockton Tryon 

Rutherford B. T. Jones, Jr Forest City 

Rutherford Woodrow W. Jones Rutherfordton 

Rutherford Lee Powers Lake Lure 

Transylvania I. Bruce Morton Brevard 

Transylvania William Buster Carr Brevard 

Thirtieth District 

('h3rokee Ralph Moody Murphy 

Cherokee Mrs. Edward J. Reynolds Murphy 

Clay A. L. Penland Hayesville 

Clay Harold Rogers Hayesville 

Grahaii R. B. Morphew Robbinsville 

Graham F. S. Griffin Robbinsville 

H-iv-vood W. R. Francis 

Hdv^ood Joe Sam Schenck 

Ja-:k3on John H. Morris Syl va 

Ja'ikson Grayson C. Cope Sylva 

Mi'ioTi E. J. Whitmire Franklin 

M'i?on R. S. Jones Franklin 

S viiT Kelley Bennett Bryson City 

Swain T. L. Jones Bryson Citv 



State Committees, Democratic 179 

State Democratic Senatorial Executive Committees 

1960 

First District 

Bertie Charles B. Griffin, Jr Woodvillo 

Camden Linwood Pritchard South Mills 

Chowan Mrs. Josie Ruth Carr Eden ton 

Currituck John Wright, Jr Jarvisburg 

Gates J. E. Gregory Sunbury 

Hertford W. L. Daniel Winton 

Pasquotank J. C. Spence Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. H. A. Reid Elizabeth City 

Perquimans W. H. Pitt Hertford 

Second District 

Beaufort . M. C. Paul Washington 

Dare Melvin R. Daniels Manteo 

Hyde Chas. McWilliams Ocracoke 

Martin Clarence Griffin Williamston 

Pamlico Floyd H. Reel Rt. 1, New Bern 

Tyrrell J. H. Daniels Columbia 

Tyrrell Mrs. Blanche Cohoon Columbia 

Washington M. W. Marrow Plymouth 

Third District 

Northampton A. S. Joyner Woodland 

Vance D. P. McDuffy Henderson 

Warren W. R. Drake Macon 

Fourth District 

Edgecombe G. H. Webb Pinetops 

Halifax I. Waldo Whitaker Enfield 

Fifth District 

Pitt County Executive Committee Greenville 

Sixth District 

Franklin Mrs. Richard Whitfield Franklinton 

Nash I. T. Valentine, Jr Nashville 

Wilson D. B. Sheffield, Jr Wilson 

Seventh District 

Carteret M. M. Ayscue Morehead City 

Craven N. C. Reed, Jr New Bern 

Greene George D. Allen Hookerton 

Jones R. P. Bender PoUocksville 

Lenoir . Paul LaRoque Kinston 

Onslow Jim Sabiston Jacksonville 

Eighth District 

Johnston Victor Osburne Smithfield 

Wayne Harold W. Lancaster Goldsboro 

Ninth District 

Duplin Mrs. H. L. Stevens, Jr Warsaw 

New Hanover Glenn M. Tucker Carolina Beach 

Pender A. H. Davis Burgaw 

Sampson Charlie Flldridge Rt. 1 , Faison 



180 North Carolina Manual 



Tenth District 

Bladen Snowden Singlctary .Clarkton 

Brunswick S. Bunn Frink Southporl 

Columbus R. C. Soles, Jr Tabor City 

Cumberland Henry M. Tyson Rt. 7, Fayetteville 

Eleventh District 

Robeson 

Twelfth District 

Harnett R. B. Morgan, Sr Lillington 

Hoke Paul Dickson Raeford 

Moore Chas. M. McLeod Carthage 

Randolph W. B. Stamey Liberty 

Thirteenth District 

Chatham B. C. Smith Pittsboro 

Lee J. H. Byerly Sanford 

Wake Harvey Holding Wake Forest 

Fourteenth District 

Durham Joseph Weatherspoon Durham 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Person J. S. Merritt Roxboro 

Fifteenth District 

Caswell Kd Wilson Blanche 

Rockingham Chas. Nooe Leaksville 

Sixteenth District 

Alamance Dean Isley Sno wTCamp 

Orange Donald Mo Dade Cedar'Grove 

Seventeenth District 

Guilford Countv Executive Committee 



Eighteenth District 

Davidson Bill Everhart Lexington 

Montgomery H. Page McAuley Candor 

Richmond Hubert Bruce Hamlet 

Scotland James R. McKenzie Laurinburg 

Nineteenth District 

Anson R. W. Huntlev Wadesboro 

Stanly G. A. Rudisill Badin 

Union H. T. McBride Marshville 

Twentieth District 

Mecklenburg County Executive Committee 



Twenty-First District 

Cabarrus Brice J. Williford Kannapolis 

Rowan Walter H. Woodson, Jr Salisbury 

Twenty-Second District 

Forsyth County Executive Committee 



Twenty-Third District 

Stokes Aaron Tilley Westfield 

Surry Chas. Randleman Mt. Airv 



State Committees, Democratic 181 



Twenty-Fourth District 

Davie Peter W. Hairston Rt. 2, Advance 

Wilkes Mrs. Brad Davis N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Lloyd Graver Yadkinville 

Twenty-Fifth District 

Catawba E . Murray Tate, Jr Hickory 

Iredell D. D. Nantz Statesville 

Lincoln A. L. Tait Lincolnton 

Twenty-Sixth District 

Gaston James M. Wallace Gastonia 

Gaston A I Aldr idge Gastonia 

Twenty-Seventh District 

Cleveland D. W. Royster Shelby 

McDowell V. E. Price Marion 

Rutherford W. Worth Wright Spindale 

Twenty-Eighth District 

Alexander Clifford Warren Stony Point 

Burke Maurice Hill Morgan ton 

Caldwell John Forlines Granite Falls 

Twenty-Ninth District 

Alleghany Clay Cox Laurel Springs 

Ashe W. B. Austin Jefferson 

Watauga John Councill Boone 

Watauga J. D. Winebarger Boone 

Thirtieth District 

Avery W. C. Brinkley Newland 

Madison Rex Allen Rt. 1, Mars Hill 

Mitchell Robert B. Phillips Bakersville 

Yancey James O. Roland Burnsville 

Thirty-First District 

Buncombe Dane Snelson Asheville 

Thirty-Second District 

Haywood Lorenzo Smith 

Henderson Ossie Bishop Henderson ville 

Jackson Raymond Nicholson Sylva 

Polk Eugene Anderson Saluda 

Transylvania Charles Russell Brevard 

Thirty-Third District 

Cherokee Charles C. Forrester Murphy 

Clay H. M. Moore Hayosville 

Graham C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville 

Macon John Archer Franklin 

Swain Edwin B. Whitaker Bryson City 



182 North Carolina Manual 

State Democratic Solicitorial District Executive 

Committees 

1960 

First District 

Beaufort Ashley B. Putrell Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. Claud Venters Bath 

Camden John D. Gordon Camden 

Camden H. T. Mullen South Mills 

Chowan John Graham Edenton 

Chowan Geo. A. Bvrum Edenton 

Currituck W. B. Woodhouse Harbinger 

Currituck W. W. Jarvis, Jr Moyock 

Dare Clarence L. Midyett Manns Harbor 

Dare Robt. H. Midgett Manteo 

Gates J. G. Pollock Gatesville 

Gates J. M. King Gatesville 

Hyde Gilbert Tunnell Swan Quarter 

Hyde Worth Moore Rt. 1, Belhaven 

Pasquotank Noah Burfoot ^ Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank Mrs. Geo. S. Davis Rt. 4, Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Chas. E. Johnson Hertford 

Perquimans S. M. Whedbee Hertford 

Tyrrell Jack Davenport Columbia 

Tyrrell Borden McClees Columbia 

Second District 

Edgecombe Martin Luther Cromartie, Jr Tarboro 

Edgecombe W. Eugene Simmons Tarboro 

Martin Lerov Harrison Rt. 1 , Williamston 

Martm D. G. Matthews, Jr Hamilton 

Nash F. E. Harris Bailey 

Nash Alex Briggs Rocky Moun't 

Washmgton Ronald Gavlord Plymouth 

Washington Robert Hutchins Plymouth 

Wilson Vernon Daughtridge " Wilson 

Wilson L. H. Gibbons Wilson 

Third District 

Bertie Sol. G. Cherry Windsor 

Bertie Norman L. Perry Colerain 

Halifax Rudolph Bryant Scotland Neck 

Halifax CD. Clark, Jr Roanoke Rapids 

Hertford Bill Harrell Ahoskie 

Hertford John O. Askew Harrellsville 

Northampton John Burgwyn Jackson 

Northampton J. Guv Revelle Con wav 

Vance A. A. Brun Henderson 

Vance A. W. Gholson Henderson 

Warren T. P. Hicks Norlina 

Warren W. S. Smiley Macon 

Fourth District 

Chatham Jack Moodv Siler City 

Chatham Mrs. Irene B. Dark Bear Creek- 
Harnett Earl Westbrook Dunn 

Harnett Mrs. Helen C. Byrd Angier 

Johnston Shelton Moore Benson 

Johnston Mrs. John Mayo Clavton 

Lee S. Rav Byerly! Sanford 

Lee C.N. Castleberry Sanford 

Wayne Chas. Whitley Mt. Ohve 

Wayne Mrs. Mary Strickland New Hope 



State Committees, Democratic 183 



Fifth District 

Carteret Hugh Salter Beaufort 

Carteret Cecil Morris Atlantic 

Craven Lenora Carrawan New Bern 

Craven CD. Lancaster New Bern 

Greene Joseph I. Horton Snow Hill 

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hill 

Jones Mrs. John M. Hargett Trenton 

Jones Starling Pelletier Maysville 

Pamlico James Tingle Alliance 

Pamlico Alice Potter Vandemere 

Pitt Kenneth Hite Greenville 

Pitt M. K. Porter Rt. 3, Greenville 

Sixth District 

Duplin W. E. Craft Kenansville 

Duplin Mrs. Russell Lanier Kenansville 

Lenoir Roland Davis Rt. 4, Kinston 

Lenoir Troy S. Hamilton Rt. 1 , Kinston 

Lenoir Lamas Jones Kinston 

Onslow Roscoe Sandlin Jacksonville 

Onslow E. W. Summersill Jacksonville 

Sampson T. S. Cornwall Clinton 

Seventh District 

Franklin Wilbur M. Jolly Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. Jas. Speed Rt. 2, Louisburg 

Franklin D. O. Langston Franklinton 

Wake J. RufTin Bailey Raleigh 

Wake R. L. McMillan Raleigh 

Wake J. Wilbur Bunn Raleigh 

Eighth District 

Brunswick J. C. Bowman Southport 

Brunswick Carl Bellamy , Shallotte 

Columbus Dick Proctor Whiteville 

Columbus J. B. Lee Whiteville 

Columbus Frank McGougan Tabor City 

New Hanover Louis Burney Wilmington 

New Hanover Eldridge Fergus Wilmington 

New Hanover Victor Sneeden Wilmington 

Pender D. N. Lucas Burgaw 

Pender Mrs. E. N. Sidbury Burgaw 

Ninth District 

Bladen Rufus Britt Bladenboro 

Bladen Hilton Carter Bladenboro 

Cumberland I. H. O'Hanlon Fayetteville 

Cumberland J. O. Tally, Jr Fayetteville 

Cumberland Charlie E. Jones, Sr Fayetteville 

Hoke Chas. Hostetler Raeford 

Hoke Harry Harrison Raeford 

Robeson Charles McLeon Lumberton 

Robeson Wavland Flovd Fairmont 

Robeson J. C. Ward, Jr : Fairmont 

Tenth District 

Alamance W. S. Harris Mebane 

Alamance D.J. Walker, Jr Graham 

Durham William T. Wiley Durham 

Durham James D. Farthing Durham 

Granville W. M. Hicks Oxford 

Granville Hugh M. Currin Oxford 

Orange E.J. Hamlin Hillsboro 

Orange Mrs. Gerald Barrett Chapel Hill 

Person Robert P. Burns Roxboro 

Person James Ramsey Roxboro 



184 North Carolina Manual 

Eleventh District 

Alleghany Alton Thompson Sparta 

Alleghany Amos Wagoner, Jr Sparta 

Ashe Wade E. Vannoy, Jr W. Jefferson 

Ashe Robert G. Barr W. Jefferson 

Forsyth Weston Hatfield Winston-Salem 

Forsyth E.G. Shore Winston-Salem 

Twelfth District 

Davidson Wade Phillips Lexington 

Davidson Beamen Barnes Lexington 

Davidson Curry Lopp 

Guilford Andrew Joyner, Jr Greensboro 

Guilford J. A. Myatt, Jr High Point 

Guilford Mrs. Roy Bowman Rt. 2, Julian 

Thirteenth District 

Anson H. P. Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 

Anson Geo. C. Childs Wadesboro 

Moore Robert M. Page, III Aberdeen 

Moore J. Douglas David Pine Bluff 

Richmond John Collins Hamlet 

Richmond Robert Clark , Jr Hamlet 

Scotland Jennings G . King , Laurinburg 

Scotland James W. Mason . . .' Laurinburg 

Stanly Henry C. Doby, Jr ■. Albemarle 

Stanly C. H. MeSwain Albemarle 

Union Robert T. Neil Monroe 

Union . Page Price Monroe 

Fourteenth District 

Gaston George Hill Cherry ville 

Gaston Stewart Atkins Gaston ia 

Gaston Max L. Childers Mt. Holly 

Fifteenth District 

Alexander Warren White Taylorsville 

Alexander Mrs. Jack Smith Hiddenite 

Cabarrus John S. Hartsell Concord 

Cabarrus W. F. Shepherd Kannapolis 

Iredell Z. V. Turlington Mooresville 

Iredell Bill Browley Mooresville 

Montgomery Robert L. Asbill Biscoe 

Montgomery David Armstrong Troy 

Rowan Ora Swicegood Salisbury 

Rowan T. K. Carlton Salisbury 

Randolph Adam W. Beck Asheboro 

Randolph Ivey Luck Seagrove 

Sixteenth District 

Burke B. J. Abernathy Hildebran 

Burke Mrs. J. Roy Wacaster Morgan ton 

Caldwell W. Clyde Suddreth Lenoir 

Caldwell Cort F. Barber Lenoir 

Catawba Mrs. Margarite Trott Newton 

Catawba Young M. Smith Hickory 

Catawba Stanley Corne Newton 

Cleveland Ollie Harris Kings Mountain 

Cleveland Charles Robertson Shelby 

Cleveland James F. Corn well Lattimore 

Lincoln John P. Morton Lincolnton 

Lincoln W. H. Childs, Jr Lincolnton 

Lincoln B.J. Carpenter Lincolnton 

Watauga Raymond Luther Boone 

Watauga Jack Edmisten Boone 



State Committees, Democratic 185 



Seventeenth District 

Avery Mrs. E. E. Clark Newland 

Avery Mrs. Martha Guy Newland 

Avery Mrs. Ruth Callaway Newland 

Davie Bob Hoyle Cooleemee 

Davie John Henry Caudle FarminKton 

Mitchell Arthur Bailey Penland 

Mitchell U. D. Hensley Bakersville 

Wilkes Mrs. T. C. Goodman N. Wilkosboro 

Wilkes Larry I. Moore N. Wilkesboro 

Yadkin Joe Cranfield Hampton ville 

Yadkin Mrs. E. E. Clark Newland 

Eighteenth District 

Henderson H. S. Brookshire, Jr Henderson ville 

Henderson E. S. Hamilton Henderson ville 

McDowell W. D. Lenon Marion 

McDowell J. W. Streetman Marion 

McDowell Dr. J. B. Johnson Old Fort 

Polk Mrs. Alicia Dalton Mills Springs 

Polk A. G. Miller Rt. 1, Campobella, S. C. 

Rutherford Paul Wilson Lake Lure 

Rutherford Owen Stamey Rutherfordton 

Rutherford Allen Jobe Forest City 

Transylvania John K. Smoot, Jr Brevard 

Transylvania Fred M. McCall, Jr Brevard 

Yancey Troy Wray Burnsville 

Yancey Clarence Bailey Green Mountain 

Yancey R. M. Silver Micaville 

Nineteenth District 

Buncombe J. O. Israel, Jr Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. Betty Neighbors Asheville 

Madison Clyde English Rt. 3, Mars Hill 

Madison Roy Freeman Rt. 5, Marshall 

Madison Floyd Wallin Rt. 3, Marshall 

Twentieth District 

Cherokee Richard Mauney Murphy 

Cherokee Mrs. Lucy Laughter Murphy 

Clay Scott Beal Hayesville 

Clay Glenn Bowers Hayesville 

Graham Boyd Crisp Robbinsvillc 

Graham Patton Phillips Robbinsville 

Haywood C. E. Brown Clyde 

Haywood F. E. Alley, Jr Waynesville 

Jackson L. L. Allen Cashiers 

Jackson Mrs. Jesse Cordell Sylva 

Macon W. C. Burrell Franklin 

Macon Jesse Shope Franklin 

Swain Odell Shuler Bry.son City 

Swain Paul Marr Rt. 3, Bryson City 

Twenty-First District 

Caswell Robert R. Blackwell Yancey ville 

Caswell Harry E. Bray Providence 

Rockingham Ben Trotter Leaksville 

Rockingham J. M. Farris Leaksville 

Stokes Thurman Lawson Sandy Ridge 

Stokes Mrs. Woodrow Stone Pinnacle 

Surry H. O. Woltz Mt. Airy 

Surry W. M. Allen Elkin 



186 North Carolina Manual 

County Chairmen — Democratic Executive Committee 

1960 

County Chairman Address 

Alamance Eugene A. Gordan Burlington 

Alexander W. Ray Lackey Stony Point 

Alleghany J. C. Gambill RFD, Independence, Virginia 

Anson Walter E. Brock Wadesboro 

Ashe Thomas S. Johnston Jefferson 

Avery Ralph Gwaltney Banner Elk 

Beaufort Robert P. MacKenzie, Jr Washington 

Bertie John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Bladen R. J. Hester, Jr Elizabethtown 

Brunswick E. J. Prevatt Southport 

Buncombe John F. Shuford Asheville 

Burke Sam J. Ervin III Morgan ton 

Cabarrus M. Smoot Lyles Concord 

Caldwell R. Barton Hayes Hudson 

Camden H. A. Leary Camden 

Carteret A. H. James Morehead City 

Caswell Clarence L. Pemberton Yancey ville 

Catawba Harry Vanderlinden Box 2401, Hickory 

Chatham Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Cherokee Jack Dickey Murphy 

Chowan Lloyd E. Griffin Edenton 

Clay Vernon F. Martin Hayesville 

Cleveland Virgil Weathers Shelby 

Columbus L. R. Wayne Lake Waccamaw 

Craven William F. Ward New Bern 

Cumberland G. S. Quillin Fayetteville 

Currituck S. A. Walker Snowden 

Dare Walter Perry Kitty Hawk 

Davidson ' Charles W. Mauze Lexington 

Davie Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville 

Duplin F. W. McGowen Kenansville 

Durham Albert W. Kennon. . . Wachovia Bank Bldg., Durham 

Edgecombe W. G. Clark, Jr Tarboro 

Forsyth Mrs. Eunice Ayers Winston-Salem 

Franklin James Speed Rt. 3, Louisburg 

Gaston George Jenkins Gastonia 

Gates George Kittrell Sunbury 

Graham Harry J. Owens Tapoco 

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford 

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hill 

Guilford Beverly C. Moore Greensboro 

Halifax A. L. Hux Roanoke Rapids 

Harnett Myres W. Tilghman Dunn 

Haywood Ernest Messer Canton 

Henderson Arthur J. Redden Henderson ville 

Hertford H. W. Whitley Murfreesboro 

Hoke , , Sam C. Morris Raeford 

Hyde John H. Swindell Swan Quarter 

Iredell John F. Long Rt. 1, Statesville 

Jackson Chas. N. Price Sylva 

Johnston Ed L. White Pine Level 

Jones C. S. Hargett Rt. 2, Trenton 

Lee J. C. Pittman Sanford 

Lenoir J. A. Joues Kinston 

Lincoln J. H. Ross Lincolnton 

Macon E.J. Whitmire Rt. 1, Franklin 

Madison Liston B. Ramsey Marshall 

Martin N. W. Johnson Oak City 



State Committees, Democratic 187 

County Chairman Address 

McDowell S. J. Westmoreland Marion 

Mecklenburg John D. Warren Charlotte 

Mitchell Ural D. Hensley Bakersville 

Montgomery C. C. McKinnon Mt. Gilead 

Moore W. Lamont Brown Southern Pines 

Nash William B. Harrison Rocky Mount 

New Hanover Cicero P. Yow Wilmington 

Northampton Perry Martin Rich Square 

Onslow Albert J. Ellis Jacksonville 

Orange L. J. Phipps Chapol Hill 

Pamlico J. E. Ragan, Jr Oriental 

Pasquotank L. S. Blades, Jr Elizabeth City 

Pender R. H. Balcombe Rocky Point 

Perquimans William F. Ainsley Hertford 

Person Gordon Allen Roxboro 

Pitt J. Henry Harrell Greenville 

Polk W. H. McDonald Tryon 

Randolph Ralph L. Bulla Asheboro 

Richmond A. L. Cockman Box 390, Rockingham 

Robeson Dickson McLean, Jr Lumberton 

Rockingham Jule McMichael Reidsville 

Rowan Robert M . Da vis Salisbury 

Rutherford W. Carl Huntley Forest City 

Sampson Jack C . Morisey Clinton 

Scotland Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

Stanly Staton P. Williams Albemarle 

Stokes Ralph Scott Danbury 

Surry Charles M. Neaves Elkin 

Swain Henry J. Truett Bryson City 

Transylvania Charles L. Russell Brevard 

Tyrrell W. J. White Columbia 

Union C. Frank Griffin Monroe 

Vance Robert S. Hight Henderson 

Wake Robert Gotten Fuquay Springs 

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warrenlon 

Washington W. W. White Roper 

Watauga Hooper Hendrix Boone 

Wayne Edwin C. Ipock Goldsboro 

Wilkes C. Watson Brame North Wilkesboro 

Wilson Dr. Badie T. Clark Wilson 

Yadkin H. B. Shore East Bend 

Yancey Yates Bennett Burnsville 



188 North Carolina Manual 

County Vice-Chairmen — Democratic Executive 

Committee 

1960 

County Vice-Chairman Address 

Alamance Mrs. Loy Bowland Graham 

Alexander Mrs. Sue Ramsey Ferguson Taylorsville 

Alleghany Van Miller Laurel Springs 

Anson Mrs. John Crawford Wadesboro 

Ashe Mrs. Ruth T. Draughon W. Jefferson 

Avery Mrs. Sammy Lou A. Anderson Newland 

Mrs. Hope B. Teaster Minneapolis 

Dr. E. S. Fink Crossmore 

Beaufort Mrs. J. L. Taylor Belhaven 

Ralph Hodges, Jr. . . ; Washington 

Mrs. Sally Spence Aurora 

Bertie Mrs. E. S. Pugh Windosr 

Bladen Mrs. E. F. McCulloch Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Mrs. H. F. Foster Bolivia 

Buncombe Inez Sorrells Asheville 

Burke O. Lee Horton Morgan ton 

Robert B. Byrd !~ Morganton 

D. Z. Mull Rt. 4, Morganton 

Mrs. T. N. Clontz Rt. 5, Morganton 

Mrs. Ermeline P. Gilreath Valdese 

Mrs. John E. Giles Morganton 

Cabarrus Brice J. Williford, Jr Kannapolis 

Mildred Morgan Concord 

Archie Fisher Mt. Pleasant 

Caldwell Mrs. Margaret Moore Lenoir 

Robert Wakefield Granite Falls 

Camden Mrs. Grady Stevens Shiloh 

Carteret Mrs. Rose Merrill Beaufort 

Mrs. Clayton Fulcher, Jr Atlantic 

Mrs. Effie Adler Morehead City 

Caswell Mrs. Edward H. Wilson Blanche 

Catawba Mrs. John M. Abernathy Newton 

Marvin R. Wooten Hickory 

Leslie Bradv Newton 

Chatham Mrs. Ada W. Diggs Chapel Hill 

Cherokee Mrs. Clarence Hendrix Rt. 1, Murphy 

Mrs. Cleve Almond Andrews 

Mrs. Robert V. Weaver Murphy 

Chowan Mrs. E. N. Elliott Edenton 

Clay Mrs. Pansy Bradshaw Hayesville 

Cleveland Mrs. J. E. Lipford Kings Mountain 

A. A. Powell Shelby 

Columbus Mrs. LoUie P. Johnson Whiteville 

H. Clifton Stephens Clarendon 

Craven Mrs. L. T. Kornegay Dover 

Cumberland Mrs. Peter McK. Cromartie Fayetteville 

Currituck Mrs. Harriet H. Nottingham Coin jock 

Dare Mrs. Grace Mann Manns Harbor 

R. V. Owens, Jr Manteo 

Dr. W. W. Harvey, Jr Manteo 

Davidson Mrs. Charles Eanes Thomasville 

E. M. Hunt Denton 

Davie Mrs. Odell Foster Rt. 3, Mocksville 

Duplin Mrs. Christine W. Williams Kenansville 

Durham Mrs. Marvin J. Carver Rougemont 

Anderson High Rt. 3, Durham 

RaymondlB. HoUeman Durham 



State Committees, Democratic 189 

County Vice-Chairman Address 

Edgecombe Mrs. J. W. Sexton Rocky Mount 

Forsyth Robert Stockton Winston-Salem 

Burke Wilson Rural Hall 

Franklin Mrs. A. E. Hall Youngsville 

Gaston Dr. Dorothy N. Glenn Gastonia 

Mrs. Mary D. Warren Mt. Holly 

W. C. AUigood Mt. Holly 

Gates Mrs. Mildred V. Godwin Gatesville 

Graham Mrs. Leonard W. Lloyd Robbinsville 

Granville Mrs. Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Greene Mrs. H. Maynard Hicks Snow Hill 

Mrs. I. J. Horton Snow Hill 

Guilford Mrs. Clyde A. Shreve Summerfield 

W. F. Mauldin High Point 

R. N. Linville Oak Ridge 

Halifax Mrs. P. C. Millikin Halifax 

Mrs. Robert C. Shields Scotland Neck 

Harnett Mrs. E. H. Lasater Rt. 1, Eirwin 

Haywood Mrs. Fred Y. Campbell Rt. 2, Waynesville 

Henderson Mrs. Virginia Harrell Hendersonville 

B. B. Massagee, Jr Hendersonville 

Hertford Mrs. J. Roy Parker, Sr Murfreesboro 

Hoke Mrs. Charles A. Hostetler Raeford 

Hyde Mrs. Bettie T. Spencer Scranton 

Iredell Mrs. E. M. Land Statesville 

Jackson Jane Coward Sylva 

Edward Bryson CuUowhee 

Mrs. D. D. Davis Webster 

Johnston Mrs. C. B. Hinnant Micro 

Jones Mrs. John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton 

Lee Mrs. Kemp Gaddy Sanford 

Mrs. Ruby H. Minter Sanford 

Lenoir Mrs. Woodrow Taylor Rt. 1, Deep Run 

Lincoln Mrs. Betty G. Morris Lincolnton 

Macon Lassie Kelly Franklin 

Jesse Shope Rt. 1, Franklin 

Madison Mrs. Troy Rector Rt. 1, Marshall 

Berry Edsom Rt. 1, Hot Springs 

Roy Freeman Rt. 1, Marshall 

Martin George W. Taylor Everette 

McDowell Mrs. John A. Poteat Marion 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Henry J. Cromartie Charlotte 

John McDowell Charlotte 

Mitchell Mrs. A. N. Fuller Spruce Pine 

Montgomery Mrs. R. B. Jordan Mt. Gilead 

John C. Wyatt Candor 

Mrs. Woodrow Thompson Troy 

Moore Bess McCaskill Carthage 

T. Roy Phillips Carthage 

Voit Gilmore Southern Pines 

Nash Mrs. Ralph Strickland Rt. 2, Middlesex 

New Hanover Mrs. Alice B. Strickland Carolina Beach 

C. V. Parrish Wilmington 

^ Mrs. Thomas J. Gause Wilmington 

Northampton Mrs. Macon F. Price Garysburg 

Onslow Mrs. Harry Venters Richlands 

Orange Betty June Hayes Hillsboro 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank Mrs. H. A. Reid Rt. 1, Elizabeth City 

Pender Mrs. J. V. Whitfield Wallace 

Perquimans Mrs. Irene P. To we Hertford 

Person E. P. Warren Hurdle Mills 

Mrs. A. F. Nichols Roxboro 

Peggy V. Warren Hurdle Mills 



190 North Carolina Manual 

County Vice-Chairman Address 

Pitt Mrs. W. C. Spencer Rt. 3, Greenville 

Bill Stroud Ayden 

Charles Home Greenville 

Polk Mrs. Annie Mae Walker Rt. 1, Campobello, S. C. 

Randolph Mrs. L F. Craven Ramseur 

Clyde Ayers Arrhdale 

Paul Bell Randleman 

Richmond Mrs. T. B. Matheson Rt. 1, Mt. Gilead 

V. M. Quinn Hamlet 

Mrs. Myrtle Cockman Rockingham 

Robeson Mrs. Betty Ayers St. Pauls 

Rockingham Mrs. J. C. Johnson Mayodan 

Leonard Pryor Ruff in 

J. H. Pritchett Rt. 1 , Reidsville 

Rowan Mrs. Minnie C. AUran Spencer 

Pearl Thompson Salisbury 

Rutherford Mrs. Norman Greig Chimney Rock 

Sampson Mrs. Margaret Cashwell Ingold 

Scotland Mrs. Wade Maness Laurinburg 

Stanly Oscar J. Sikes, Jr Albemarle 

Virginia Foglia Badin 

Mrs. Annie Ruth Kelley Albemarle 

Stokes H. G. Johnson King 

Surry Mrs. R. C. Lewellyn Dobson 

T. D. Simmons Pilot Mountain 

Wilson Barber Mount Airy 

Swain Mrs. Glennie Roberts Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. Sue Wilson Brevard 

Tyrrell Mrs. Borden McClees Columbia 

Union Mrs. Sam Gaddy Wingate 

McLane Brooks Rt. 6, Monroe 

Irwin Price Monroe 

Vance Mrs. Emily Whitten Henderson 

Wake Mrs. DeWitt Moore Raleigh 

Warren Mrs. Roy Overby Norlina 

Frank Banzet Warren ton 

Washington Mrs. Louise Allen Plymouth 

Watauga Homer Brown Boone 

Ralph Moretz Deep Gaji 

Bert Mast Zionville 

Wayne Mrs. W. R. Hooks Goldsboro 

Wilkes Zelle Harris Roaring River 

Wilson Mrs. Sharp Newton Wilson 

Yadkin Mrs. Ed M. Speas Boon\ille 

Yancey Mrs. Maphra Young Rt. 1, Burnsville 



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE 
PLATFORM 1960 

Issued by 
NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE COMMITTEE 

We, the Republican Party of North Carolina, do rededicate our- 
selves to the principles of good, equal and fair Government promul- 
gated by the founder of our party, Abraham Lincoln. We believe 
his concluding remarks in his Gettysburg Address, which read as 
follows, "That Government of the people, by the people and for the 
people shall not perish from the earth," express the principles of 
our party. 

We believe that Government ought never to do what people in 
their separate and individual capacities can do for themselves. Our 
free enterprise economy, relying upon the initiative, courage and 
capacity of our citizens, has provided an abundance unparalleled 
in the history of the world and must not be destroyed by Govern- 
mental competition and interference. 

We, the Republican Party of North Carolina, pledge ourselves 
to be guided by the following statement of our beliefs and objec- 
tives: 

National Affairs 

We wholeheartedly commend the Republican National adminis- 
tration under the leadership of our great President, Dwight D. 
Eisenhower, and our Vice President, Richard M. Nixon. We are 
thankful that this Republican administration has returned our 
Government to the fundamental principles requiring honesty, in- 
tegrity and ability from its public servants. 

We believe that the most fundamental issue facing our Govern- 
ment today is the necessity for it to live within its means and 
further, that it adopt a long-range policy of reducing its National 
debt so that ultimately the Nine Billion Dollars plus paid annually 
as interest may be used either for legitimate Government opera- 
tions or preferably returned to the citizens of this Country as a 
result of substantial and continued reduction of taxes. 

We believe in a continued policy of reversing the trend toward 
centralization of power in Washington and a return of such power 
and responsibility to the States and local communities. We recom- 

191 



192 North Carolina Manual 

mend the restoration of more and more rights and privileges to 
the State and to citizens thereof as contemplated by the drafts- 
man of the Constitution of the United States. 

We believe that communism still represents not only a distinct 
threat to the world at large but a continued threat internally to 
our own country. We recommend a continuing and determined 
fight against communism, both in our own Country and abroad. 

We are proud of the Republican leadership that has re-estab- 
lished peace throughout the world; that has created the highest 
level of prosperity, the highest national income, the highest em- 
ployment record, and the highest hourly wages ever enjoyed in 
the history of this Nation and that while the Nation is at peace; 
that has consistently fought for a sound fiscal policy and has re- 
established the confidence of the people in the morals and integrity 
and competence of their Government. 

State Affairs 

We believe that this State and its citizens will never realize 
their full potential growth until we have a true two-party system 
in the State. The DemocratV^arty has for many years controlled 
the Government, and thus, to a large extent, the progress of the 
citizens of our State. We believe that the one-party system as 
practiced by the Democrat'^politicians and leaders in this State is 
diametrically opposed to the best interests of its citizens. 

We advocate the adoption of the following policies and principles 
in this great State of North Carolina. 

Constitutional Reform 

1. The State of North Carolina is now governed under a con- 
stitution adopted in 1868, which is not only one of the most anti- 
quated in the United States but which is now a chaotic instrument 
because of amendment after amendment. We recommend that the 
Constitution be rewritten to properly take care of present day 
needs. 

2. The Constitution provides for periodic reapportioning and 
redistricting by the General Assembly. The Democrat politicians 
have consistently ignored and violated their oath to support the 
Constitution in this respect and have refused to re-district and 
reapportion in conformity with the Constitution. We would require 



Republican Platform 193 

in the revised Constitution that the Secretary of State reappor- 
tion after each census in accordance with the Constitutional 
formula. 

3. We recommend that the Governor be given the power to veto 
acts of the General Assembly, but that the General Assembly be 
further given the power to override such veto by a two-thirds vote 
of both houses on roll call. 

4. We further recommend that the Constitution prohibit the 
appointment of any member of the General Assembly to a Board, 
Agency, or position of emolument where such Board, Agency or 
position was created by that session of the Legislature. 

5. The Republican Party in North Carolina advocates greater 
rights for the States and it equally advocates greater rights for 
the local governing bodies. The Republican Party advocates more 
home rule and less Raleigh rule for the counties, cities and towns 
in North Carolina and recommends that those matters which are 
of purely local interest be handled by the appropriate local Gov- 
ernmental agency. 

Election Procedure 

1. The Republican Party continuously, emphatically and whole- 
heartedly condemns the provision allowing civilians to vote by 
absentee ballot. It provides the perfect vehicle for any unscrupu- 
lous politician. The Democrat Party in North Carolina, has in 
effect admitted the evils of it inasmuch as they abolished its use 
in primary elections. 

2. The Republican Party advocates that a citizen sign his 
registration when appearing before the Registrar for registering 
to vote; and that he also be required to sign an application for 
voting, and that this application serve as the poll record of the 
voter. 

3. The Anti-Jonas Law, adopted by the General Assembly in 
1955 for the purpose of defeating Congressman Charles Raper 
.Jonas, has not yet been repealed despite the fact that its obvious 
intention was not only to deprive the voter of his vote, but actually 
to give his vote to the opposition candidate. 

4. The members of the State Board of Elections and the County 
Board of Elections for the Republican Party should be elected by 
the applicable party leadership and not selected by Democrat 
politicians. 



194 North Carolina Manual 

5. The Republican Party advocates the vote for nineteen year 
olds. 

(). Legislation should be adopted by the General Assembly per- 
mitting the State to share the costs of voting machines. We believe 
that their refusal to do so was based solely on the fact that the 
Democrat politicians realized that the use of voting machines 
would prevent them from continuing their illegal methods of re- 
taining control. 

Fiscal Policy 

We believe that to foster, in the framework of a free choice 
economy, high employment, stability of the economy, and to eradi- 
cate the corrosion of inflation, the following policies are essential: 

1. All Government expenditures in the State must meet the test 
of a true contribution to State economic progress — not to special 
interests. 

2. An all-inclusive policy of operating within the annual in- 
come of the State. 

3. The prevention of increases in the State bureaucracy and in 
the number of employees in order that the State income will not 
be dissipated in the support of ineffective bureaus created to pro- 
vide employment for political reasons. 

4. The improvement of our tax system to provide more in- 
centives for economic progress and reforms in the entire tax struc- 
ture so as to produce a more equitable and healthy climate for 
not only businesses but for all of the citizens of the State. For 
instance, the wholesale grocery sales tax under the present law 
applies to our independent wholesale groceries but does not apply 
to chain stores — it should be either amended to apply to both 
categories, or be eliminated entirely. 

Agriculture 

The Republican leadership advocates that the economic position 
of the farmers in this State be improved by State encouragement 
in the development of new markets for farm products; for new 
agriculture products for existing markets; for the development of 
locally and privately owned agricultural processing operations, 
and for the development of locally and privately owned distribu- 
tion systems for farm products. 



Republican Platform 195 

Production controls and taxpayer subsidies are not consistent 
with a strong farm economy — there must be an orderly return to 
free markets for farm products. 

Labor 

The Republican Party is for the working men and women of 
America. We are determined that these people shall prosper and 
share in the fruits of our free enterprise economy. We find that 
under the Democrat administration the average factory wage is 
the lowest of the fifty States of the United States. 

The Republican Party seeks to achieve: 

1. A high level of employment and low unemployment. 

2. Better job opportunities for all and reduction of the causes 
of unemployment. 

3. Higher living standards based upon increased productivity. 

4. Better balances between labor and management in the area 
of free collective bargaining, with only the minimum of Govern- 
ment intervention that is needed to protect the public interest and 
prevent the abuse of power. 

5. Scrupulous protection of the rights and freedom of individ- 
ual union members. 

6. We recommend a minimum wage of One Dollar ($1.00) per 
hour and elimination of unjust exemptions. 

We propose the following measures to check existing abuses by 
labor unions: 

1. The prohibition of the secondary boycott, refusal to handle 
goods, and other means by which pressure is brought on labor or 
business organizations not involved in a labor dispute. 

2. The prohibition of unjustified organization or "blackmail" 
picketing. 

3. The assurance that union elections will be conducted by 
secret ballot in a truly free and fair manner. 

4. The full disclosure of union finances for the benefit of dues- 
paying members. 

5. The elimination of the use of force and violence to compel 
individuals to join labor unions. 

Minority Rights 

The Republican Party of North Carolina reaffirms its historic 
position in the fundamental truth as stated in Article I of the 
Constitution of the State of North Carolina that all persons are 



196 North Carolina Manual 

created equal before law; that they are endowed by their Creator 
with certain inalienable rights among which are life, liberty and 
the pursuit of happiness. 

We encourage all loyal Americans to manifest a continuing 
interest publically and privately in sound programs to protect 
these rights of all minority groups. 

We recognize and advocate the right of all persons to vote as 
their conscience dictates. 

We, the Republican Party of North Carolina, find this great 
minority party in our State is the most discriminated against and 
excluded people of the South. This minority gi'oup has been 
denied its rightful representation on State Boards, Agencies, 
Commissions and Institutions, and likewise is discriminated 
against on the local County level. 

We believe in fair play, honesty and justice in the political, 
economic and social activities of our State. 

We demand that our great minority party be granted minority 
representation on each and every Board, Agency, Commission and 
Institution, and we likewise demand minority representation for 
the minority party on the County level, be this minority party in 
the County Republican or Democrat. 

Liquor 

The Republican Party has long advocated a statewide referen- 
dum with regard to the sale of alcoholic beverages and reaffirms 
this stand. We pledge that if we are given control of the organi- 
zation of the General Assembly, we shall not permit the issue to be 
pidgeon-holed in Committee. 

Highway Safety 

We believe that additional protection is needed by the traveling 
public against habitual speeders and against those who drive under 
an intoxicated condition. We believe that all persons should be 
thoroughly protected in our courts, but we further believe that 
those driving under the influence of liquor or drugs should be 
prosecuted diligently and their licenses revoked so that they may 
not endanger the safety of the traveling public. 

Public Health 

North Carolina is at the bottom of the list of States in spending 
for public health. The per capita spent by this State is Seventy 



Republican Platform 197 

Cents (10^). Despite the fact that the local health departments 
were set up on the basis that the State would contribute Fifty 
per cent (50%) on the cost of operating same, the State now is 
contributing only Seventeen per cent (179c). The Republican 
Party advocates that additional sums of money be appropriated 
so that public health service rendered in this State be commensu- 
rate with that rendered in other States. The Republican Party 
further advocates the continued effort to compel cleaning up of 
polluted rivers and streams within a definite time limit. 

Public Welfare 

The Democrat Party of North Carolina, despite its assurances 
of its interest in the welfare of the people of the State of North 
Carolina, has in the last session of the Legislature, decreased the 
assistance to be granted to dependent children and the aged 
and totally and permanently disabled. The reduction was approxi- 
mately Ten per cent (10%) — welfare payments in the State of 
North Carolina are the lowest in the Forty Nine States. While 
the Legislators in the last session of the General Assembly saw 
fit to increase their travel allowance for weekend journeys home, 
they did not see fit to provide sufficient funds to maintain the 
welfare payments at even the previous low rate. 

Public Education 

Of all the functions of our Government, none is more important 
than that of educating the coming generation. In no area of the 
Government has the Democrat Party had a record of greater 
failure than in the field of basic education and in no area has that 
party made a more false claim of good Government. 

The Democrat Party has had complete control of our system 
of education for the past sixty years, not allowing a Republican 
member on the State Board of Education, nor a member on any 
County Board of Education. Yet the average child in North 
Carolina has less than eight years of school. 

This was reflected in the Korean War when forty per cent 
(40%) of our young men failed the Armed Forces Qualification 
Tests against an average across the Nation of sixteen per cent 
(16%). Indeed, our average adult citizen has not even completed 
elementary school and we rank 45th in the Nation in the measure 
of educational accomplishment. Under their long tenure in office 
we find only two states crowding more students into classrooms. 



State Sen^' 




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199 



200 North Carolina Manual 

We rank next to the bottom among the states in the percentage 
of our graduates who go to college — less than four out of ten. 
Every comparison that can be made finds North Carolina at or 
near the bottom in public education. Meanwhile, in a recent plat- 
form of that party we find them saying: "All in all we can truly 
say that North Carolina under the guidance of the Democrat 
Party has established a fine system of public education, which is 
UNSURPASSED in any of the States of this Union." 

Proof of the results of one party rule is available to the public. 
We rank along toward the top of the States in juvenile delinquency; 
one out of every twelve children born in our State is born out of 
wedlock ; we are at the top of the list of States in aggravated 
assault crimes. 

The Republican Party feels this record in education is shameful 
and that it is time to elect another political party to direct and 
control the education of our youth. 

Compulsory Attendance 

A good many years ago the Democrat General Assembly put in 
the record a law requiring school attendance; yet, according to the 
"Tar Heel Guide", it has been recently pointed out that only 
Seventy Three (73%) per cent of our eligible school children 
attend school. On numerous occasions bills have been introduced 
to appropriate adequate funds to provide sufficient personnel to 
enforce the truancy laws. These bills have consistently been killed. 
Republicans have regularly supported such bills. 

Teachers' Pay 

For many years the Republicans in the General Assembly have 
to a man supported every efl'ort that has been made to pay school 
teachers an adequate salary. In recent sessions they have unani- 
mously supported a much higher percentage of increase than the 
Democrats would pass. In the last session the Republicans sup- 
ported the Holmes amendment to the revenue bill which would 
have given teachers an additional Seven per cent (7%) salary 
raise. This bill passed by four majority on the first roll call vote 
but before the next roll call could be had four Democrats changed 
their vote and the measure lost. We believe the only way to have 
and hold good teachers is to pay them a wage that is comparable 
to their training, ability, experience and position in the community. 



Republican Platform 201 

State Support of Schools 

The Republican Party continues its stand for full support by the 
State of our Public Schools. 

Community Colleges 

The Republican Party believes that the idea of Community Col- 
leges be expanded to include other cities than those now having 
them. It provides higher educational training on the local level 
virhere our young people can receive the advanced training at less 
cost to them. 

County Boards of Education 

The Republican Party believes that no greater farce is perpe- 
trated upon the people of North Carolina than the scheme by which 
the Democrats select the County Boards of Education. They nomi- 
nate in their County Democrat Conventions their candidates for 
the County Board members and send them down to the State 
Legislature where they are placed in an omnibus bill setting up 
all the County Boards of Education of the State. The Republicans 
haven't a chance in the world to get a man on their County 
Boards. In turn, these Democrat County Boards elect the County 
Superintendents and also the District school boards. As may be 
expected these are Democrats and in most instances the teachers 
they hire are all Democrats. It is our opinion that this is a gross 
abuse of political power that ought not to be and we believe the 
matter should be forcefully presented to the people of the State. 

When the Republicans were last in power in this State the 
County Boards of Education and the County Superintendent were 
elected by the voters of the County. We believe and advocate that 
should be the law now. It would be a great boost to public educa- 
tion if every citizen could feel and know that he had a part in the 
selection of the school boards. 

Conclusion 

For sixty years one party has held power of the government of 
the State of North Carolina. While much has been accomplished 
during this period of one party rule, North Carolina today finds 
itself behind most of the other states of this Nation in basic areas 
of governmental responsibility. Our educational system, our 
courts, our constitution and the economic welfare of our citizens 
lags behind most of the other states. The party too long in power 



202 North Cakolina Manual 

has become insensitive to the needs of the people of North Caro- 
lina. In this year of 1960 the Republican Party of North Carolina 
offers this platform, and high caliber candidates for public office, 
to provide the people of this state with the means to make a 
change for the better. 

(As adopted February 27, 1960) 



PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN 
PARTY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Adopted in Convention, Feb. 27, 1960, at Raleigh 

PREAMBLE 

We citizens of North Carolina, members of the great Republican 
Party, dedicated to the sound principles fostered by that Party, 
conscious of our civic responsibilities and rights, firm in our deter- 
mination to give our strength to preserving the American princi- 
ple that government ought and must be of all the people, by all 
the people, and for all the people, do, for the purpose of uniting 
and co-ordinating our efforts for maximum power and efficiency, 
herewith establish this instrument, The Plan of Organization of 
the Republican Party of the State of North Carolina. 

ARTICLE I 
The Precinct as a Unit 

1. The unit of party action shall be the election precinct. In 
every precinct in each General Election year, the County Chair- 
man shall call precinct meetings within the dates designated by 
the Chairman of the State Republican Executive Committee after 
giving ten (10) days written notice to each Precinct Chairman 
and after ten (10) days notice of such meeting in a newspaper 
of general circulation within the County. 

2. Precinct meetings shall elect a Precinct Committee of five 
or more voters, one of whom shall be designated as Chairman and 
one as Vice-Chairman (one of whom shall be a woman), and a 
Secretary. The members and officers of the Precinct Committee 
shall hold their places for two years and until their successors 
are chosen. Precinct meetings shall elect one delegate and one 
alternate to the County Convention, and one additional delegate 
and alternate for each fifty votes, or major fraction thereof, cast 
for the Republican candidate for Governor at the last General 
Election. 

3. Other precinct meetings may be held at such times and 
places as shall be designated by the Chairman of the Precinct 
Committee after first giving ten (10) days notice of such meeting. 

203 



204 North Carolina Manual 

4. In case of death or resignation of any officer or member of 
the Precinct Committee, such vacancy shall be filled by the re- 
maining- members of the Precinct Committee. In the event any 
Chairman of any precinct fails to act, then the Chairman of the 
County Committee shall appoint someone to serve in his or her 
place until a Precinct meeting can be called and the new Chairman 
elected. The County Chairman shall call such a meeting within 
thirty (30) days. 

ARTICLE II 

County Convention and Committee 

1. A County Convention shall be called in each general election 
year by the Chairman of the County Committee, at the County 
Seat, within the dates set by the Chairman of the State Republican 
Executive Committee, after giving fifteen (15) days notice thereof 
to all Precinct Chairmen and after giving fifteen (15) days notice 
of such Convention in a newspaper of general circulation within 
the County. The alternates and delegates elected in the precinct 
meetings shall sit as delegates and alternates in the County Con- 
vention. 

2. The County Convention shall choose a Chairman and a Vice- 
Chairman (one of whom shall be a woman), a Secretary, and 
such other officers as may be deemed necessary. Such biennial 
County Convention shall further elect one delegate and one alter- 
nate to the District and State Conventions foT every two hundred 
votes, or major fraction thereof, cast for the Republican nominee 
for Governor at the latest election in said county. Every county 
shall have at least one vote. In addition thereto, each county shall 
be entitled to one additional delegate and alternate for each Re- 
publican member of the State Legislature elected from the County 
in the preceding election. 

3. The County Convention shall elect a County Executive Com- 
mittee of five or more voters, who shall hold their places for a 
term of two years, and until their successors are elected. Nomi- 
nations may be made by the precincts for membership on the 
County Committee. The County Officers, elected in Convention, 
shall be members of the County Executive Committee. This Com- 
mittee shall cooperate with the District and State Committees on 



Plan of Organization 205 

all elections, shall encourage qualified candidates for office within 
the county, and shall have active management of Party affairs 
within its boundaries. 

4. The County Executive Committee shall meet at least once a 
year upon the call of the Chairman, and upon the petition of one- 
third of the members of the Committee, if the Chairman shall fail 
or refuse to call a meeting. 

5. The County Executive Committee, in any county where de- 
sirable, may elect a County Executive Board to act in its behalf 
on any matters delegated to it by the County Executive Committee. 

6. The Chairman of the County Committee shall have general 
supervision of the affairs of the Party within his County. He shall 
issue the call for the County Convention, preside at all meetings of 
the County Executive Committee, shall obtain and preserve a list 
of registered Republican voters within the County, and shall have 
such other duties as may be prescribed by the County or State 
Executive Committees. The Vice-Chairman shall function as 
Chairman of the County Committee in the absence of the Chair- 
man. The Secretary shall keep all minutes and records, and shall 
keep a roster of all precinct officers and Committeemen. Such 
records shall be available, upon request, to any registered Repub- 
lican within the County. 

7. In case of death or resignation of any officer or member of 
the Committee, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the County 
Executive Committee. 

8. Any officer or member of the County Committee may be re- 
moved by a two-thirds vote of the Committee after being fur- 
nished with notice of the charges against him, signed by not less 
than one-third of the members of the Committee and allowing 
him thirty (30) days to appear and defend himself; provided 
further that said cause for removal shall be confined to gross in- 
efficiency or party disloyalty. Such removal may be appealed to 
the Congressional District Committee and their decision shall be 
final. 

9. When any county fails to properly organize, the District 
Chairman shall appoint someone to serve as County Chairman 
until a County Convention can be called and a permanent Chair- 
man elected. The appointed Chairman shall call such Convention 
within forty-five (45) days. 



206 North Carolina Manual 

ARTICLE III 
Congressional, Judicial, and Senatorial Committees 

1. The District Committees shall be composed of the Chairman 
of the several County Committees within the District, and a 
Chairman, and Vice-Chairman (one of whom shall be a woman), 
and Secretary of said District, who shall be elected biennially at 
the District Conventions. The District Committees shall manage 
all District campaigns, cooperate with the State Committee on 
all State campaigns, and shall encourage qualified candidates for 
public office within their respective Districts. 

2. The Congressional District Conventions shall be called by 
their respective Chairmen within the dates designated by the 
Chairman of the State Republican Executive Committee upon 
twenty (20) days notice of the time and place for holding same. 
Upon the failure, for any reason, of the District Chairman to call 
a District Convention, the said call may be issued by the Secre- 
tary of the District Committee. 

3. In every General Election year, the Congressional District 
Convention shall elect three members of the State Executive 
Committee, plus one additional member for every 3,000 votes or 
major fraction thereof cast within the District for the Republican 
candidate for Governor in the preceding election. They shall hold 
their office for a period of two years or until their successors are 
elected and qualified. 

4. In every Presidential Election year, the Congressional Dis- 
trict Convention shall further elect one Presidential Elector, and 
two delegates and two alternates to the Republican National Con- 
vention. 

ARTICLE IV 

State Conventions 

A State Convention shall be called in every General Election 
year by the Chairman of the Republican State Executive Com- 
mittee after forty-five (45) days notice thereof to all members of 
the State Executive Committee, all Chairmen of the several 
County Executive Committees, and the Chairmen of all District 
Committees, of the time and place of holding same. In the call for 
the State Convention the Chairman of the State Republican 
Executive Committee shall designate the dates for the precinct 



Plan of Organization 207 

meetings, and the County and District Conventions. The State 
Convention biennially shall elect a State Chairman and a Vice- 
Chairman (one of whom shall be a woman). In each Presidential 
election year, the State Convention shall elect, for a term of four 
years, a man and a woman, for National Committeeman and 
National Committeewoman respectively. The State Convention 
shall further elect, in every Presidential election year, four dele- 
gates and four alternates to the National Republican Convention. 

ARTICLE V 
Republican State Executive Committee 

1. The Republican State Executive Committee shall be com- 
posed of the following: 

(a) The Congressional District Chairmen and those persons 
elected by the District Convention, under Article III, Sec. 3 of this 
Plan. 

(b) The State Chairman, Vice Chairman, National Committee- 
man, National Committeewoman, Secretary, Assistant Secretary, 
and Treasurer of the State Executive Committee. 

(c) The Immediate Past State Chairman and Vice Chairman, 
the Permanent Chairman and Secretary of the preceding State 
Convention. 

(d) The Chairman, National Committeeman and National Com- 
mitteewoman of the Young Republican Federation ; the President, 
President-elect, and Past President of the Republican Women's 
Federation ; the Chairman of the Senior Republican Federation. 

(e) Current Republican members of the General Assembly. 

2. The State Committee shall meet annually, upon the call of 
the Chairman on the afternoon preceding the annual Lincoln Day 
Dinner, and at such time or times as the State Chairman shall 
determine. One-third of the members of the State Committee 
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. There 
shall be no proxy voting. 

3. The State Committee shall have the power to elect a Sec- 
retary and an Assistant Secretary (one of whom shall come from 
the Young Republicans), a Treasurer, and such other officers 
which it may deem necessary, who shall serve for a term of two 
years and until their successors are chosen. The State Committee 
shall foi-mulate and provide for the execution of such plans and 
measures as it may deem conducive to the best interests of the 



208 North Carolina Manual 

Republican Party. It shall manage all State campaigns and en- 
courage qualified candidates for State offices. The State Committee 
shall have active management of all affairs of the Party within 
the State, and shall delegate such duties as it deems proper, 
from time to time, to the Republican Executive Board. 

4. The State Chairman shall call meetings of the State Execu- 
tive Committee, when the needs of the Party so demand, after 
giving fifteen (15) days notice of time, place, and purpose of said 
meeting. He shall preside at all meetings of the State Committee, 
and shall have such other duties as may be prescribed by the 
State Executive Committee. The State Chairman may delegate 
authority to the District Chairman, where desirable, to act in his 
behalf on specific matters. 

5. In the case of death or resignation of any officer of the 
State Executive Committee, the resulting vacancy shall be filled 
by the State Executive Committee. In case of death or resignation 
of any member of the State Committee, representing a Congres- 
sional District, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the remain- 
ing members of the Congressional District in which such vacancy 
occurs. 

6. Any officer or member of the State Executive Committee 
may be removed by a two-thirds vote of the Committee after being 
furnished with notice of the charges against him, signed by not 
less than one-third of the members of the Committee and allow- 
ing him 45 days to appear and defend himself; provided further, 
that said cause for removal shall be confined to gross inefficiency 
or party disloyalty. 

ARTICLE VI 
The State Executive Board 

1. There shall be a Republican State Executive Board com- 
posed of the following : 

(a) The Congressional District Chairmen 

(b) The Chairman, Vice-Chairman, National Committeeman, 
National Committeewoman, Secretary, Assistant Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Republican State Executive Committee. 

(c) The Chairman of the Young Republican Federation, and the 
President of the Republican Woman's Federation. 

(d) The Republican Leader of the State Senate and the Re- 
publican Leader of the State House of Representatives. 



Plan of Organization 209 

2. The Republican State Executive Board shall have the power 
to appoint a General Counsel, a Finance Committee, a Publicity 
Committee, a Campaign Committee, a Labor Committee and such 
other committees as it may deem necessary for the proper conduct 
of the affairs of the Party; to adopt a budget, and to do all other 
things pertaining to Party affairs which it may be authorized to 
do from time to time by the Republican State Executive Commit- 
tee. The Republican State Executive Board shall keep accurate 
accounts of its proceedings and shall make reports to the State 
Executive Committee annually. 

3. The Republican State Executive Board shall meet at least 
twice a year, upon call of the State Chairman or, upon the failure 
of the Chairman, upon the call of the State Vice Chairman. One- 
third of the members of the State Executive Board shall constitute 
a quorum for the transaction of business. There shall be no proxy 
voting. 

ARTICLE VIII 
Convention Procedure 

1. The County, District, and State Conventions shall be called 
to order by their respective Chairmen or, in the absence of the 
Chairman, by the Vice Chairman or Secretary, in order stated, 
who shall have the power to appoint other temporary and neces- 
sary committees, at or before the convening of the Convention. 

2. The certificate of the Chairman and Secretary of any Pre- 
cinct mass meeting or Convention authorized to elect delegates 
and alternates shall be deemed sufficient to place the name of such 
delegates and alternates on the temporary roll of the respective 
Conventions and, unless successfully challenged, shall be a com- 
plete authorization to said delegates and alternates to act. 

3. No delegate, alternate, or other member of a Convention 
shall cast any vote by proxy; provided, however, that any dele- 
gate or delegates present shall have the right to cast the entire 
vote of the precinct in County Conventions and of the County in 
District and State Conventions. 

ARTICLE IX 
Financial Accounts 

The Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer of the County, District, 
and State Committees shall keep faithful and accurate records 



210 North Carolina Manual 

of any and all monies received by them for the use of said Com- 
mittees and shall make faithful and accurate report thereof when 
so requested. 

ARTICLE X 
Appointments 

1. It shall be the duty of the State Chairman to transmit to 
each County Chairman, notice of all known vacancies in appointive 
positions in his County, in order that eligible Republicans from 
that County may be considered and recommended for such posi- 
tions. The State Chairman shall further transmit notice of all 
known vacancies on a District or State level to those persons 
having jurisdiction in such appointments. 

2. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office in any properly 
organized County, such vacancy shall be filled by recommendation 
of the State Chairman, only upon recommendation of the Executive 
Committee of the County involved. 

3. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office on a District 
level, such vacancy shall be filled by recommendation of the State 
Chairman, only upon recommendation of the National Committee- 
man and National Committeewoman and members of the State 
Committee from the District involved. 

4. When a vacancy occurs in a Federal office on the State level, 
such vacancy shall be filled by the recommendation of the State 
Chairman, only upon recommendation of the State Executive Com- 
mittee. 

ARTICLE XI 
Participation in Party Actions 

All references herein to voters, delegates, alternates, Chairmen, 
Vice Chairmen, and other precinct, county and state officials shall 
in all cases be construed to mean persons identified and registered 
with the Republican Party. 

ARTICLE XII 
Controversies 

Controversies in any county with respect to the organization 
set up therein under this Plan shall be referred to the State 



Plan of Organization 211 

Chairman, National Committeeman and National Committee- 
woman for arbitration and their decision shall be final. 

ARTICLE XIII 

Effective Date 

The foregoing Plan of Organization shall become effective im- 
mediately upon its adoption at the Republican State Convention 
held in Raleigh, N. C, on February 27, 1960. 

Dorothy A. Presser, Chairman 

Committee on Plan of Organization 



212 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEES OF THE STATE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

(From list furnished by Chairman, State Republican 
Executive Committee) 

STATE REPUBLICAN EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

STATE ORGANIZATION 

♦Chairman: William E. Cobb Morganton 

*Vice-Chairman: Stella Rutledge Wilson 

♦Secretary: Kenneth D. Thomas Hickory 

♦Assistant Secretary: Dorothy A. Presser Charlotte 

♦Treasurer: Erwin L. Porterfield Burlington 

♦National Committeeman : J. E. Broyhill Lenoir 

♦National Committeewoman: Mrs. Louis G. Rogers Charlotte 

Immediate Past Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Katherine N. McColl Southern Pines 

Permanent Chairman of Previous Convention: Frank Patton Morganton 

Young Republican Federation: 

♦State Chairman: David L. Morton Charlotte 

National Committeeman: Warren H. Coolidge Chapel Hill 

National Committeewoman: Frances Jean RatclifT Pantego 

Women's Federation: 

♦President: Mrs. A. E. Verbyla Lenoir 

President-Elect: Mrs. E. W. Simpson Charlotte 

Past President: Mrs. J. D. Stratton Charlotte 

Chairman of Senior Republican Federation: John R. VanKleek Tryon 

Republican Members of the General Assembly: 

♦1959 Senate: Charles G. Reavis Yadkinville 

1959 House: B. C. Brock Mocksville 

1959 House: Mack Isaac Newland 

♦1959 House: T. E. Story North Wilkesboro 

First District 

♦John L. Ratdiff, Pantego L. Vernon Gaskill, Wanchese 

X. E. Manning, Bethel J. B. Burgess, Old Trap 

J. A. Stafford, Rt. 3, Elizabeth City Zeno O. Ratcliff, Sr., Pantego 

T. Donald Somerville, Plymouth 

Second District 

*W. T. Outland, Woodland Mrs. Grace Howard, Pink Hill 

Mrs. Margaret R. Vogt, Wilson J. R. Satterthwaite, Tarboro 

J. W. Wood, Littleton 

Third District 

♦E. L. Peterson, Clinton Dr. R. A. Wilkins, Mount Olive 

Joe A. Dunn, Clinton P. G. May, Dudley 

J. P. Turlington, Salemburg A. B. Garner, RFD, Newport 

Mrs. Vivian Hardison, Arapahoe Sam Waller, Rt. 2, Mount Olive 

C. R. Tilghman, Rt. 1, Beaufort 

Fourth District 

"Paul C. West, Raleigh Cecil Budd, Siler City 

A. J. Brewer, Jr., Liberty Archie M. Ellis, Siler Citv 

J. Weldon Smith, Ashebbro O. B. Batten, Rt. 2, Kenlv 

T. W. Walton, Asheboro E. R. Temple, Smithfield 

W. F. Redding, Asheboro A. H. Farmer, Bailey 

Wade Marr, Jr., Raleigh Calvin S. Avscue, Rt. 1, Henderson 
Col. Henry E. White, Rt. 3, Henderson 

♦Also a member of the State Executive Board 



State Committees, Republican 



213 



*J. Banner Shelton, Rt. 2, Stoneville 
J. Frank Massey, Rt. 3, Burlington 
Russell G. Brown, Winston-Salem 
Harvey Dinkins, Winston-Salem 
Donald L. Soetker, Winston-Salem 
Russell Biggam, Winston-Salem 
Grady P. Swisher, Kernersville 
W. York Tucker, Winston-Salem 



*Worth D. Henderson, Greensboro 
Jordan J. Frassineti, Greensboro 
N. Dalton McNairy, Greensboro 
Neil Beard, Jr., Greensboro 
James Hayworth, High Point 
Percy Sears, Greensboro 
E. P. McCoUum, Greensboro 
Mrs. Frances N. Yow, Greensboro 



*L. C. Babson, Freeland 
John W. Cross, Elizabethtown 
H. L. Willetts, Bolivia 
Wayne E. Bailey, Chadbourn 



*Coy Lewis, Jr., Bobbins 
J. Eugene Snyder, Lexington 
H. H. Ward, Lexington 
Joe L. Berrier, Thomasville 
Paul Osborne, Wilkesboro 
Rev. EUer, Wilkesboro 
Claude Kennedy, Wilkesboro 



Fifth District 

J. U. Gilmore, Oxford 

Ned L. Lilly, Ca-Vel 

John B. Sealy, Jr., Madison 

Wesley Dunlap, Walnut Cove 

Ralph Martin, Rt. 1, Walnut Cove 

J. Wesley Hunter, Mount Airy 

Joe Southard, Elkin 

Charles Matthews, Pilot Mountain 

Sixth District 

Russell N. Barringer, Durham 

A. A. McDonald, Durham 

A. Lee Austin, Durham 

T. Paul Messick, Rt. 7, Burlington 

Henrv H. Danieley, Rt. 4, Burlington 

W. Cliff Elder, Burlington 

Col. Holland L. Robb, Chapel Hill 

Lewis W. Sparrow, Rt. 3, Chapel Hill 

Seventh District 

E. H. Pascall, Fayetteville 
J. C. Ellis, Lumberton 
Claude Pope, Dunn 

C. Dana Malpass, Wilmington 

Eighth District 

F. D. B. Harding, Yadkinvillc 
W. E. Rutledge, Yadkinville 

Bobby B. Parnell, Rt. 3, Mount Gilead 

Frances McRae, Rt. 2, Mount Gilead 

R. L. Bennett, Rt. 2, EUerbe 

Richard Brock, Mocksville 

Mrs. Katherine McColl, Southern Pines 



Robert S. Ewing, Southern Pines 
Ninth District 



*A. Z. Goforth, Statesville 
Mrs. Nell Prusa, Taylorsville 
Garfield Jennings, Taylorsville 
C. H. Vestal, Sparta 
Raymond Andrews, Sparta 
Mrs. Zola Richardson, West Jefferson 
R. E. Farmer, Lansing 
Robert L. Boger, Concord 
W. E. Stevens, Lenoir 
John Anderson, Rt. 4, Lenoir 
E. C. McCall, Lenoir 
Clyde Roberts, Rt. 2, Lenoir 

Bob Hardie, 



Neil Sowers, Statesville 
Dr. Sam Holbrook, Statesville 
R. T. Brantley, Mooresville 
D. A. Randleman, Salisbury 
R. M. Andrews, Faith 
A. M. Miller, Rt. 2, Salisbury 
G. G. Peeler, Salisbury 
Geeter L. Lee, Jr., Norwood 
C. Craig Hopkins, Albemarle 
Harold C. Furr, Locust 
Harry H. Thompson, Rt. 2, New London 
Clyde Eggers, Boone 
Boone 



Tenth District 



*Kenneth D. Thomas, Hickory 
James Hughes, Linville 
Betty Lacey, Newland 
Ray Braswell, Newland 
W. T. Alexander, Rt. 10, Charlotte 
Carroll Barringer, Newton 
Mrs. O. R. Rowe, Charlotte 
H. R. Frye, Hickory 
Richard A. Williams, Maiden 
J. Carroll Abernethy, Jr., Hickory 
Thomas C. DeRhodes, Hickory 
Hubert M. Craig, Lincolnton 

N. O. Pitts, Sr., 



R. B. Saunders, Iron Station 
J. Dont Street, Bakersville 
W. O. Gouge, Bakersville 
Marcus T. Hickman, Charlotte 
Mrs. James C. Link, Charlotte 
Jesse W. Page, Jr., Charlotte 
R. Powell Majors, Charlotte 
E. J. Presser, Charlotte 
Mrs. Parks M. King, Jr., Charlotte 
Graham Somers, Charlotte 
R. M. Lineberger, Morganton 
Dan R. Simpson, Glen Ali)hiiie 
Glen^Alphine 



*Also a member of the State Executive Board 



214 North Carolina Manual 



l'>k'M'ri(h District 

*William N. Puctt, Gastonia Paul Westbrook, Tryon 

James A. Hendley, Stanley W. C Chambers, Marion 

Ralph D. Wallace, Belmont C. H. McCall, Marion 

Tom Hanna, Mount Holly Loy P. Roberts, Marshall 

Wray Williams, Kings Mountain Spencer Rice, Rt. 1, Mars Hill 

G. V. Hawkins, Shelby G. D. Bailey, Burnsville 

Fred D. Hamrick, Jr., Rutherfordton Mrs. Dorothy Sparks, Rt. 1, Green Mtn. 
James A. ('allahan, Rutherfordton 

Twelfth Di.strict 

*Dan S. Judd, West Asheville Tillman Powell, Canton 

W. Gudger Duckett, Canton Glenn A. Boyd, Rt. 4, Waynesville 

Jack A. Crawford, Asheville John T. Randall, Hendersonville 

Dallas M. Reese, Murphy Hartwell Gregory, Hendersonville 

John C. D'Dell, Murphy Lewis Bumgarner, Sylva 

Jeff Brooks, Andrews t'alvin Henson, Franklin 

R. N. Tiger, Hayesville George W. Reece, Franklin 

J. Tilman Stewart, Robbinsville Willard C. Nichols, Bryson City 

T. M. Jenkins, Robbinsville Lewis P. Hamlin, Brevard 

H. E. Sherrill, Canton Augustus W. Tucker, Jr., Brevard 

*Also a member of the State Executive Board 



State Committees, Republican 215 



STATE REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL, JUDICIAL 
AND SENATORIAL DISTRICT COMMITTEES 

The work of the State Republican Congressional, Judicial and 
Senatorial Executive Committees is handled by the Chairmen of 
the Republican County Executive Committees. 

Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen 
Republican County Executive Committees 

1960 

Alamance Chairman: T. Paul Messick, Rt. 7, Burlington 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Mary T. Powell, Graham 

Alexander Chairman: Dr. Victor H. Prusa, Taylorsville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Jay Stackleather, RFD, Taylorsville 

Alleghany Chairman: Robert L. Johnson, Sparta 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. W. Beal Poole, Sparta 

Anson Chairman: C. A. Bland, Wadesboro 

Vice-Chairman: Ruth Hill, Ansonville 

Ashe Chairman: Jake K. Graham, Todd 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Zola Richardson, West Jeflferson 

Avery Chairman: Charles Lambert, Linville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Douglas VonCannon, Banner Elk 

Beaufort Chairman: John L. Ratcliff, Pantego 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. E. C. Challis, Rt. 2, Wasshington 

Bertie Chairman: O. C. Freeman, Colerain 

Bladen Chairman: John W. Cross, Elizabethtown 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. J. A. Thomas, Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Chairman: Cleyon Evans, Ash 

Vice-Chairman: Mr. H. L. Willetts, Bolivia 

Buncombe Chairman: Jack A. Crawford, Asheville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. John Moore, Rt. 3, Chandler 

Burke Chairman: Noah O. Pitts, Jr. Morgan ton 

Vice-Chairmen: John Guigou, Sr., Valdese;'Cletus Yoder, 
Hildebran 

Cabarrus Chairman: Henry D. Carpenter, Concord 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Caldwell Chairman: Frank L. Smith, Sr., Lenoir 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. A. E. Verbyla, Lenoir 

Camden Chairman: J. B. Burgess, Old Trap 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Ruth Bray, Shiloh 

Carteret Chairman: I. D. Gillikin, Rt. 1, Beaufort 

Vice-Chairman: Valerie Smith, Beaufort 

Caswell Chairman: S. R. AUred, Rt. 2, Burlington 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Maryline Davis, Rt. 1, Gibson ville 

Catawba Chairman: J. Carroll Abernathy, Jr., Hickory 

Vice-Chairman: Foy C. Hefner, Hickory 

Chatham Chairman: L. E. Murray, Siler City 

Vice-Chairman: Sally Jane Carroll, Rt. 2, Pittsboro 

Cherokee Chairman: D. M. Reese, Murphy 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Ruby Stiles, Murphy 



216 North Carolina Manual 

Chowan Chairman: Robert B. Smith, Edenton 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Clay Chairman: Ray Hansen Chambers, Rt. 3, Hayesville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Jaclv Ford, Rt. 2, Hayesville 

Cleveland Chairman: Pierce A. Cassidy, Shelby 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Columbus Chairman: William E. Bailev, Chadbourn 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Billy T. Spivey, Rt. 2, Tabor City 

Craven Chairman: W. B. Rouse, New Bern 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Annie H. Heath, Cone City 

Cumberland Chairman: John K. Boyette, Fayetteville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. W. H. Clark, Jr., Fayetteville 

Currituck Chairman: Smith Harrell, Mamie 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. M. Bradford Harrell, Mamie 

Dare Chairman: L. V. Gaskill, Wanchese 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Lotta Midgett, Manteo 

Davidson Chairman: R. H. Clayton, Lexington 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Savannah Harris, Thomasville 

Davie Chairman: B. C. Brock, Sr., Mocksville 

Vice-Chairman: Josephine Harding, Mocksville 

Duplin Chairman: O. C. Blanchard, Jr., Wallace 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Durham Chairman: W. E. Alley, Durham 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. G. C. Linthicum, Durham 

Edgecombe Chairman: J. R. Satterthwaite, Rt. 1, Tarboro 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. J. O. Carter, Rocky, Point 

Forsyth .Chairman: Russell G. Brown, Winston-Salem 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Milo L. Bailey, Winston-Salem 

Franklin C.iairman: Calvin S. Ayscue, Rt. 1, Henderson 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Wallace A. Pruitt, Rt. 2, Franklinton 

Gaston Chairman: Ralph D. Wallace, Belmont 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. William N. Puett, Gastonia 

Gates Chairman: E. O. Winslow, Corapeake 

Mrs. O. C. Turner, Murphy 
Graham Chairman: J. Tilman Stewart, Robbinsville 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Granville Chairman: John U. Gilmore, Oxford 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Greene Chairman: Marvin Cobb, Farmville 

Vic3-Ciiair.-nan: Mrs. Grace Seymour, SnowHill 

Guilford Chairman: Jordon J. Frassineti, Greensboro 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. John L. Yow, Jr., Greensboro 

Halifax Chairman: J. W. Wood, Littleton 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Eslelle Carter, Weldon 

Harnett Chairman: W. S. Mason, Dunn 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Al Weiss, Angier 

Haywood Chairman : H. E. Sherrill, Canton 

Vice-Chairman: Janice Smathers, Clyde 

Henderson Chairman: Robert R. Freeman, Hendersonville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Paul D. Phillips, Rt. 2, Hendersonville 

Hertford Chairman: Dr. J. H. Keller, Ahoskie 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Robert A. Anderson, Ahoskie 

Hoke Chairman: None 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Hyde Chairman: Dr. Henry J. Liverman, Engelhard 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Queenie Boomer, Swan Quarter 

Iredell Chairman: A. Z. Goforth, Statesville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Robert W. South, Mooresville 



State Committees, Republican 217 

Jackson Chairman : Lewis Bumgarner, Sylva 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Roy Cogdell, Sylva 

Johnston Chairman: O. B. Batten, Rt. 2, Kenly 

Vice-Chairman: Jewel Lamm, Rt. 1, Middlesex 

Jones Chairman: Lyle Lawrence Ogden, Pollocksville 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Lee Chairman: O. F. Patterson, Sr., Sanford 

Vice-Chairman: John A. Gaines, Rt. 1, Sanford 

Lenoir Chairman: John F. Mewborne, Rt. 2, Kinston 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Eleanor Grace Howard, Pink Hill 

Lincoln Chairman: Dr. L. A. Crowell, Lincoln ton 

Vice-Chairman: Robert C. Coon, Rt. 1, Vale 

Macon Chairman: Frank L. Henry, Jr., Franklin 

Vice-Chairman: Bell Higdon, Rt. 5, Franklin 

Madison Chairman: Clyde M. Roberts, Marshall 

Vice-Chairman: Billie Rene Hensley, Rt. 1, Mars Hill 

Martin Chairman: Wade E. Viok, Robersonville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Beatrice Robertson, Robersonville 

McDowell Chairman: C. W. Poole, Rt. 2, Marion 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. C. R. Craig, Marion 

Mecklenburg Chairman: Marcus T. Hickman, Charlotte 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. James C. Link, Charlotte 

Mitchell Chairman: A. D. Harrell, Bakersville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Emmett Sullins, Spruce Pine 

Montgomery Chairman: Bobby Parnell, Rt. 3, Mount Gilead 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Charles Scarborough, Star 
Moore Chairman: James E. Harrington, Jr., Pinehurst 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Katherine N. McCoU, Southern Pines 
Nash Chairman : A. H. Farmer, Bailey 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Bettie Overman, Middlesex 
New Hanover Chairman: Mrs. Inez Flack, Wilmington 

Vice-Chairman: Jesse Clemmons, Wilmington 
Northampton Chairman: W. T. Outland, Woodland 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Margaret Hughes, Jackson 

Onslow Chairman: Reid E. Brock, Swansboro 

Vice-Chairman: Leah J. Franck, Rt. 1, Jacksonville 

Orange Chairman: Colonel Holland L. Robb, Chapel Hill 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. William Grice, Carrboro 

Pamlico Chairman: C. Ralph Forrest, Vandemere 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Mary Bland, Arapahoe 

Pasquotank Chairman: Marshall B. Brothers, Rt. .3, Elizabeth City 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. L. T. Gallop, Elizabeth City 

Pender Chairman: Mrs. Anne H. Carlton, Rocky Point 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Perquimans Chairman: None 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Person Chairman: Ned L. Lilley, Ca-Vel 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Pitt Chairman: X. E. Manning, Bethel 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Frances M. Butterworth, Bethel 

Polk Chairman: Paul C. Smith, Tryon 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Walter M. Sackett, Columbus 

Randolph Chairman: T. Worth Coltrane, Asheboro 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Annie Shaw, Asheboro 

Richmond Chairman: R. L. Bennett, Rt. 2, Ellerbo 

Vice-Chairman: Ruth Inman, Rockingham 

Robeson Chairman: H. M. Beasley, Sr., Lumbertor. 

Vice-Chairman: Murray McNeil, Red Springs 



218 North Carolina Manual 

Rockingham Chairman: W. T. Combs, Jr., Leaksville 

Vice-Chairmen: Mrs. Frances Barham, Leaksville 
Faye Flnchar, Leaksville 

Rowan Chairman: Ray P. Lyerly, Faith 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Gladys Deal, China Grove 

Rutherford Chairman: J. Roy Logan, Rutherford ton 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Clarence Robbins, Forest City 

Sampson Chairman: E. L. Peterson, Clinton 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. James Turlington, Salemburg 

Scotland Chairman: J. E. Woodward, Laurel Hill 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Stanly Chairman: Gerald R. Chandler, Albemarle 

Vice-Chairman: L. Worth Little, Albemarle 

Stokes Chairman: Wesley T. Dunlap, Walnut Cove 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Ralph Martin, Walnut Cove 

Surry Chairman: J. W. Hunter, Mount Airy 

Vice-Chairman: Ruth H. Nelson, Pilot Mountain 

S wain Chairman: Willard C. Nichols, Bryson City 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. William E. Mitchell, Bryson City 

Transylvania Chairman: Ralph L. Waldrop, Rt. 2, Brevard 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Robert E. Matthews, Rt. 2, Brevard 

Tyrrell Chairman: Irving R. Swain, Columbia 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Rena Liverman, Rt. 1, Columbia 

Union Chairman: T. E. Tray wick, Sr., Marsh ville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Janice Condor, Indian Trail 

Vance Chairman: Lt. Col. Henry E. White, Rt. 3, Henderson 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Ruby J. Lassiter, Henderson 

Wake Chairman: M. Butler Prescott, Raleigh 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Bessie L. Fish, Raleigh 

Warren Chairman: None 

Vice-Chairman: None 

Washin-^ton Chairman: Fred H. Humphreys, Plymouth 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. T. C. Culbreth, Plymouth 

Watauga Chairman: B. H. Watson, Boone 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Clyde R. Greene, Boone 

Wayne Chairman: J. Thomas O'Berry, Dudley 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Henry Morrison Smith, Rt. 2, Seven 
Springs 

Wilkes Chairman: Claude E. Billings, Jr., Wilkesboro 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. Beulah Godby, North Wilkesboro 

Wilson Chairman: Mrs. Margaret R. Vogt, Wilson 

Vice-Chairman: Thomas J. Moore, Wilson 

Yadkin Chairman: Walter Zachary, Yadkin ville 

Vice-Chairman: Mrs. C. G. Reavis, Yadkin ville 

Yancey Chairman: Garrett D. Bailey, Burnsville 

Mrs. Dorothy Sparks, Rt. 1, Green Mountain 



PART IV 
ELECTION RETURNS 



ELECTION RETURNS— 1960 
Popular and Electoral Vote for President by States 



Popular Vote 



Electoral Vote 



States 



Alabama 

Alaska 

.\rizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

(leorgia 

Hawaii 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts. __ 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire - 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina.- 
North Dakota.— 

Ohio ... 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina.. 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia.. 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



Total. 



Kennedy 
Democrat 



318,303 

29,809 

176,781 

215,049 

3,224,099 
330,629 
657,055 
99,590 
748,700 
458,638 
92,410 
138,853 

2.377,846 
952,358 
550,565 
.363,213 
521,855 
107.. 3.39 
181,159 
565 , 808 

1,487,174 

1.687,269 
779,933 
108,362 
972.201 
134,891 
232,542 
54,880 
137,772 

1,385.415 
156.027 

3.830,085 
713,318 
123,963 

1,944,248 
370,111 
367,402 

2,556,282 
258,032 
198.129 
128.070 
481,453 

1,167,932 
169,248 
69,186 
362,327 
,599,298 
441,786 
830,805 
63,331 



Nixon 
Republican 



Kennedy 
Democrat 



34,221,531 



237, 

30, 

221, 

184, 

3,259, 
402, 
565, 
96, 
795 
274, 
92 
161, 

2.368, 

1.175, 
722, 
561, 
ti02 
2.30. 
240 
489 
976 , 

1 . 620 . 
75 

73. 
962 
141. 
380. 
52. 
157. 

1.363, 
153, 

3.446. 
655, 
154, 

2.217, 
533, 
408, 

2.439. 
14 
188. 
178 
556, 

1.121. 
205. 
98, 
404, 
629, 
395, 
895, 
77 



981 
953 
241 
508 
722 
242 
813 
373 
476 
472 
295 
597 
988 
120 
381 
474 
607 
980 
608 
538 
750 
428 
915 
561 
221 
841 
553 
387 
989 
324 
733 
419 
648 
310 
611 
039 
060 
956 
502 
558 
017 
577 
699 
361 
131 
521 
273 
995 
175 
551 



12 
3 



27 



10 

!l 

Hi 
20 
II 



13 



16 

4 

45 

14 



32 
4 

8 



34,108.474 



303 



Nixon 
Republican 



1 


1 
i 


3 
4 




1 


32 
6 






! 10 


- - 


1 


--- 



13 

10 

8 

10 

"5" 



..I.. 


-- 




4 
25 




6 



4 

11 



4 
3 

12 
9 



12 
3 



210 



Harry F. Byrd received a total of 15 electoral votes: Alabama 6, Mississippi 8, and Oklahoma 1. 

221 



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223 



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Election Returns 



227 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR 
PRIMARY, MAY 



BY COUNTIES 

28, 1960 



County 


Sanford 


Larkins 


Seawell 


Lake 


Alamance - 


4,880 

873 

723 

1,058 

1,340 

666 

2,148 

1,011 

1,886 

2,419 

8,083 

4,084 

4,947 

3,699 

.361 

1,.556 

928 

2,590 

1,967 

1,2,86 

678 

421 

4,046 

5,035 

1,611 

9,650 

677 

872 

4,658 

599 

2,537 

3,148 

2,263 

11,172 

1,962 

5,050 

613 

701 

1,647 

939 

11,946 

2,594 

3,142 

4,525 

1,779 

1,379 

865 

834 

3,544 

2,478 

4,718 

414 

1,324 

1,045 

2,352 

1,399 

1,076 

1,661 


1,656 

349 

425 

159 

534 

50 

810 

164 

473 

315 

7,061 

417 

1,101 

433 

190 

2,618 

306 

.845 

444 

764 

518 

214 

1,292 

1,473 

5,387 

260 

309 

659 

687 

137 

1,802 

1,615 

623 

4,231 

3.35 

2,258 

139 

221 

725 

871 

3,515 

1,175 

345 

648 

599 

225 

71 

163 

709 

1,004 

1,548 

1,841 

121 

5,162 

1,269 

294 

1.982 

793 


1,943 

84 

106 

504 

74 

60 

284 

154 

544 

307 

3,010 

966 

2,372 

700 

26 

228 

168 

1,273 

448 

66 

105 

71 

2,211 

1,308 

198 

933 

76 

172 

2,. 382 

96 

308 

6,888 

478 

4,902 

561 

3,596 

139 

122 

630 

45 

8,365 

1,030 

594 

543 

477 

234 

278 

78 

1.201 

234 

1,293 

30 

2,021 

462 

743 

302 

62 

229 


5,210 


Alexander .._-.. 


272 




316 


Anson _ _ __ 


974 




148 


Averv _ ^ 


44 


Beaufort - - - -- 


2,885 


Bertie - - 


1,115 


Bladen 


2,327 


Brunswick 


1,606 


Buncombe . ------ . 


2,055 


Burke 


624 


Cabarrus- ------- _ 


2,872 


Caldwell . 


813 


( amden --- .--_- 


660 


Carteret 


561 


Caswell -.- .--- 


1,809 


Catawba -- 


881 


Chatham .. - - -..-. 


1,908 




95 


Chowan -_ -- 


436 


Clay - - 


10 


Cleveland - - -- 


2,285 




5,075 


Craven - - - 


1,112 




3,032 


Currituck _ - - -_ - _ - 


747 




238 


Davidson . 


2,418 




330 


Duplin - - - - - - - 


2,104 




8,173 


Edgecombe --------- 


2,391 




5,994 


Franklin --------- 


2,723 




3,109 


Gates 


480 




16 


Granville- - - - - - 


2,136 




1,227 


Guilford 


7,064 


Halifax 


4,506 


Harnett _ ----- - 


4,030 


Haywood - - - 


902 


Henderson- - _ . - 


1,011 


Hertford 


561 


Hoke 


713 


Hyde 


575 


Iredell - 


4,428 




239 


Johnston _ --- 


3,282 




213 


Lee 


1,653 




1,570 


Lincoln _ _ --- - 


658 


Macon - - 


92 


Madison - - 


43 


Martin 


1 ,962 



228 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES 
PRIMARY, MAY 28, 1960— Continued 



County 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg,. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Kichmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

TyrreU 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wavne 

Wilkes 

W ilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals.- 



Sanford 



1 

2 

12 

1 
1 

3, 

2 

2 

1, 

1 



498 
699 
551 
71(1 
,5fil 
755 
177 
,089 
626 
054 
637 
681 
,136 
704 
735 
725 
175 
248 
086 
900 
663 
031 
373 
542 
867 
582 
606 
671 
693 
594 
866 
989 
094 
046 
936 
465 
617 
199 
766 
673 
153 
431 



269,463 



Larkins 



1,505 

2,528 

39 

537 

211 

583 

2,420 
377 

3,712 
710 
780 
904 
601 
362 
405 

1,891 
286 
960 
607 
300 

1,398 
887 

1,218 

1,122 
131 
568 
839 

1,110 
713 
246 
110 
266 
628 

2,480 
129 
274 
371 

1,986 
637 

1,074 
399 
119 



100,757 



Seawell 



319 
10,. 397 

72 
404 

1,094 
670 

1,903 
177 
278 

1,646 

28 

255 

151 

60 

1,193 
555 
182 

1,089 
806 

3,467 

1,250 

2,769 

1,492 
292 
347 
556 
107 
774 
112 
407 
25 

1,276 



,809 
,951 
315 
114 
139 
632 
479 
656 
112 
74 



Lake 



554 

5,581 
44 

665 
1,020 
4,100 
6,127 
1,647 

944 
2,552 

329 
1,409 
1,179 

600 
2,000 
5,328 

423 
2,289 
2,619 
2,008 
3,349 
3,324 



101,148 



756 

193 

427 

1,157 

1,365 

1.154 

233 

853 

109 

1,644 

2,130 

7,914 

1,845 

729 

116 

3,004 

441 

2,348 

422 

51 



181,692 



Election Returns 



229 



VOTE FOR GOVERNOR BY COUNTIES 
SECOND PRIMARY, JUNE 25, 1960 



County 


Sanford 


Lak" 


] County 


Sanford 


Lake 


Alamance 

Alexander 

Alleghany 


5,958 
1,327 

803 
1,528 
1,689 

891 
2,428 
1,221 
2,104 
2,325 
12,203 
5,564 
4,980 
3,445 

418 
3,297 

989 
4,270 
2,251 
1,625 

629 

606 

5,084 

5,597 

3,603 

10,513 

773 

951 
4,442 

917 
3,998 
10,151 
3,077 
14,976 
2,000 
6,874 

461 

998 
1,985 
1,129 
17,284 
3,181 
4,197 
4,502 
2,922 
1,442 
1,086 

726 
3,779 
2,331 
5,333 


7,282 

877 

804 

1,907 

406 

82 

3,702 

1,312 

2,863 

1,899 

4,888 

1,308 

3,652 

1,034 

616 

2,221 

2,279 

1,685 

2,576 

523 

617 

83 

4,444 

4,618 

4,532 

3,564 

791 

464 

4,114 

644 

3,687 

10,406 

2,794 

9,709 

3,493 

4,662 

445 

79 

3,373 

1,924 

11,897 

4,187 

4,908 

1,663 

2,510 

722 

827 

511 

4,545 

945 

4,552 


Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln . ._ 


1,007 
2,347 
3,312 
2,623 
1,796 
3,118 
1,882 
2,821 
19,416 

769 
1,154 
3,208 
4,739 
7,985 
2,123 
3,469 
4,685 

836 
1,805 
1,556 

603 
2,407 
5,158 
1,165 
3,027 
4,354 
6,615 
4,130 
6,057 
4,611 
3,334 
1,913 
3,279 
1,463 
3,387 
1,148 
1,726 

760 
2,434 
2,747 
16,692 
1,114 
1,563 
1,766 
4,172 
4,028 
3,561 
1,342 
2,063 


1,257 
2,638 
4,373 




1,643 


Ashe _-_ 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie . 

Bladen. -_ 


Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


252 

340 

2,205 

1,755 

10,098 


Brunswick 


97 


Buncombe 


Montgomery 


1,685 


Burke 


Moore 


1,754 


Cabarrus 


Nash 

New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank . 


4,704 


CaldweU 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba.. . ._ 


8,033 
1,913 
2,929 
3,267 

821 


Chatham 


1,773 


Cherokee 


Pender_ _ 


1,545 


Chowan 


Perquimans __ __ 


643 


Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus .-.- 

Craven 


Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph _ . _ _ 


3,144 

5,359 

917 

3,260 


Cumberland 

Currituck 


Richmond 

Robeson . . 


3,402 
4,149 


Dare... ._ 


Rockingham 


5,335 


Davidson 

Davie.. ._ 


Rowan 

Rutherford 


5,450 
3,988 


Duplin . 


Sampson L.. 

Scotland .. 


2,044 


Durham . _ 


801 


Edgecombe 


Stanly ..... 


1,884 


Forsyth 


Stokes - . 


1,971 


Franklin 

Gaston 


Surry 

Swain 


2,267 
691 


Gates 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell . 


1,406 


Graham _. 


141 


Granville 


Union .... . 


3,009 


Greene. . .. 


Vance 

Wake 


3,594 


Guilford 


11,924 


Halifax... 


Warren f . . 


1,962 


Harnett 

Haywood 


Washington 

Watauga 


1.062 
255 


Henderson 


Wayne . 


4,613 


Hertford 


Wilkes 


1,761 


Hoke 


Wilson 

Yadkin 


3,271 


Hyde 


728 


Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 


Yancey 

Total 


166 


352,133 


275,905 



230 



North Carolina Manual 






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Election Returns 233 

VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES OF 

1952, 1954 and 1956 

1952 
FOR GOVERNOR— 

William B. Umstead 294,170 

Hubert E. Olive - 265,675 

Manley R. Dunaway 4,660 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

Luther H. Hodges - 226,167 

Roy Rowe -- 151,067 

Marshall C. Kurfees 55,055 

Ben J. McDonald 52,916 

Warren H. Pritchard (R) 13,463 

William G. Lehew (R) . 2,798 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Waldo C. Cheek 313,979 

John N. Frederick __126,901 

FOR ASSOCIATE JUSTICE OF SUPREME COURT— 

First Primary 

(SHORT TERM) 

R.Hunt Parker 165,817 

William H. Bobbitt 142,907 

Itimous T. Valentine 110,930 

Oscar 0. Efird 53,561 

(REGULAR TERM) 

R. Hunt Parker . ■ 135,079 

WiUiam H. Bobbitt 109,476 

Itimous T. Valentine 86,462 

Allen H. Gwvn 66,301 

F. Donald Phillips 43,356 

Oscar 0. Efird 37,794 

Second Primary 

(SHORT TERM) 

R. HuntParker _ _100,614 

WiUiam H. Bobbitt.. 99,457 

(REGULAR TERM) 

H. HuntParker __, 99,282 

William H. Bobbitt „_. 96,994 

1954 

FOR STATE TREASURER— 

Edwin Gill ..344,796 

Joshua S. James 149,473 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Charles F. Gold _ -_-278,913 

John F. Fletcher. .__ ..197,432 



284 North Carolina Manual 

VOIE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES OF 

1952, 1954 and 1956— Continued 

1950 

FOR GOVERNOR - 

Luther H. Hodges. 401,082 

Tom Sawyer ..... 29,24K 

Harrv P. Stokelv : 24.41() 

(\ E. Earle, Jr 11 Jios 

FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR— 

Luther E. Earnhardt IHl.lifiL' 

AlonzoC. Edwards- 124,611 

Kidd Brewer 56,227 

Gurnev P. Hood . 54,747 

J. V. Whitfield ■■i7,275 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE - 

L. Y. Ballentine 324,7!)5 

KcrmitU. Gray - S6,312 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE— 

Charles F. Gold 308, 99S 

John N. Frederick . 90,109 

FOR COMMISSIONER OF LABOR— 

Frank Crane 191, 937 

H. D. Lambeth 101,959 

James R. Farlow 88,261 



Election Returns 



235 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1960, 

BY COUNTIES 



County 






Lieutenant Governor 


H.Cloyd 
Philpott 


David M. 

McConnell 


C.V. 
Henkel 


S. Clyde 
Eggers (R) 


David 
Bailey (R) 


Otha B. 
Batten (R) 


Alamance 

Alexander 

AUeghany 

Anson. - 


5,953 

159 

252 

1,180 

1,084 

152 

2,100 

856 

2,137 

1,57!) 

3,937 

1,984 

3,607 

2,204 

503 

1,437 

736 

1,214 

1,589 

405 

489 

115 

2,300 

2,899 

3,717 

4,950 

431 

656 

8,614 

490 

2,629 

10,441 

1,986 

12,442 

1,384 

4,327 

427 

360 

1,656 

1,025 

21,019 

3,253 

2,362 

2,407 

850 

1,136 

894 

545 

2,079 

902 

1,980 


4,962 

87 

267 

942 

178 

254 

1,410 

587 

1,248 

693 

6,904 

1,375 

3,314 

953 

193 

772 

683 

1,467 

784 

445 

665 

160 

3,796 

3,196 

1,774 

3,891 

468 

426 

825 

121 

1,256 

5,088 

1,495 

7,074 

840 

6,428 

304 

190 

657 

530 

5,146 

2,606 

1,739 

2,500 

1,885 

717 

632 

263 

648 

1,215 

2,810 


1,876 

1,229 

646 

424 

716 

295 

1,777 

760 

1,325 

1,631 

7,620 

2,345 

3,872 

1,919 

308 

2,306 

1,214 

2,620 

1,900 

1,015 

407 

356 

2,759 

4,656 

2,071 

3,990 

610 

524 

614 

490 

1,987 

2,543 

1,864 

3,523 

2,845 

2,609 

283 

281 

2,026 

1,316 

3,238 

2,887 

3,043 

1,229 

643 

356 

324 

539 

7,143 

1,325 

4,786 


43 

24 

4 

1 

43 

840 

8 

1 

4 

63 

161 

102 

22 

39 

3 

18 



76 

7 

145 



17 

8 

7 

3 

7 



7 

121 

52 

11 

72 

10 

143 

4 

23 

1 

64 

4 



238 

7 

18 

98 

129 

2 

1 

1 

22 

32 

6 


89 

12 

3 

12 

11 

523 

15 

3 

12 

219 

585 

35 

49 

35 

6 

85 

8 

84 

20 

262 



73 

23 

23 

24 

15 

1 

19 

141 

52 

15 

110 

15 

328 

7 

55 

6 

198 

9 



547 

4 

29 

310 

456 

5 

3 

15 

48 

87 

15 


21 

i 

6 
3 


Ashe ,_ 





Avery 


133 


Beaufort 

Bertie 


7 
1 


Bladen . __ 


12 


Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Burke ... _._ 


130 

83 


Cabarrus 

CaldweU 

Camden.. 


20 

16 




Carteret 


24 


Caswell 


4 


Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 


16 
5 

98 
11 


Clav 


1-1 


Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven. 


11 

24 

9 


Cumberland 

Currituck 

Dare.. . 


13 
1 
9 


Davidson 

Davie. . 


30 
12 


Duplin 


8 


Durham 


58 


Edgecombe 

Forsyth 


15 
150 


Franklin 

Gaston.. 


1 
23 


Gates .- 


2 


Graham. 


78 


Granville 

Greene . 


5 
10 


GuUford 


215 


Halifax 


4 


Harnett .. 


16 


Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 


62 

137 



3 


Hvde 


3 


Iredell 


5 


Jackson . 


23 


Johnston 


91 



2:M) 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1960, 
BY COUNTIES— Continued 



Couiitv 



Jones 

Fiee 

Lenoir 

l^incoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamhco 

Pasquotank.. 

Pender 

Perquimans.. 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania - 

TyrreU 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wavne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals... 



Lieutenant Governor 



H. Clovd 
Philpott 



967 

1,775 

3,378 

1,342 

753 

284 

1,354 

694 

6,825 

200 

1,109 

1,846 

2,288 

7,299 

1,129 

1,762 

3,609 

624 

1,600 

1,397 

395 

1,570 

5,086 

351 

3,458 

2,046 

5,554 

4,205 

5,924 

2,958 

1,054 

1,331 

1,785 

1,873 

2,022 

440 

916 

164 

1,043 

2,720 

12,048 

1,271 

675 

360 

2,665 

1,445 

2,260 

406 

260 



David M. 
McConnell 



238,353 



1, 



450 

807 

,582 

,655 

532 

554 

938 

723 

18,889 

213 

575 

1 ,932 

2,166 

5.196 

993 

1,010 

2,024 

377 

911 

439 

217 

1,363 

2,327 

931 

1,509 

3,549 

2,337 

2,136 

2,241 



238 

083 

835 

327 

406 

708 

890 

1,296 

238 

2,285 

2,245 

5,827 

859 

590 

212 

1,841 

401 

2,000 

256 

165 



175,150 



C. V. 
Henkel 



793 

1,792 

2,700 

1,554 

504 

2,063 

1,804 

1,833 

4,269 

184 

477 

782 

4,004 

1,786 

1,745 

2,698 

1,510 

457 

1,227 

902 

896 

1,405 

4,089 

528 

993 

1,897 

1,904 

2,011 

4,186 

1,160 

2,327 

350 

1,370 

910 

1,604 

161 

577 

476 

1,367 

1,110 

8,689 

807 

999 

1,499 

3,795 

2,216 

1,990 

1,139 

1,246 



S. Clyde 
Eggers (R) 



181,850 



2 

17 

22 

21 

124 

24 

6 

26 

451 

425 

15 

36 

4 

37 

3 

12 

26 

1 

8 

5 



2 

6 

74 

383 

7 

9 
70 
22 
16 
43 


52 
22 
14 
20 
44 

2 
16 

8 
70 

3 

6 
261 

4 

826 

25 

418 

1 



6,401 



David 
Bailey (R) 



3 

20 

15 

15 

104 

36 

7 

12 

1,082 

1,074 

8 

50 

4 

65 

11 

33 

82 

6 

17 

8 

9 

4 

9 

214 

.S31 

14 

16 

162 

76 

41 

68 

8 

63 

37 

12 

72 

166 

5 

16 

8 

170 

8 

10 

24 

35 

597 

34 

635 

7 



10,704 



Otha B. 
Batten (R) 





8 

23 

4 

28 

16 

10 

8 

236 

254 

5 

21 

3 

21 

3 

6 

54 

25 

7 

6 

4 

I 

5 

27 
437 



0/ 

35 
9 

62 
2 

30 

39 

11 
8 

21 
3 
6 
9 

84 
9 
5 

12 

26 
166 

48 

154 





3,645 



Election Returns 



237 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1960, 

BY COUNTIES 







COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 




C'ounty 


Charles F. 
Gold 


John N. 
Frederick 


Deems H . 
Clifton (R) 


J.E. 
Cameron (R) 


Alamance - _- 


8,927 
1,000 

719 
1,603 
1,189 

386 
3,907 
1,671 
3,454 
2,596 
13,278 
4,199 
6,680 
3,272 

588 
3,371 
1,666 
3,694 
3,105 
1,241 
1,016 

310 
7,462 
7,832 
5,063 
8,838 

923 

941 
6,860 

773 
4,160 
14,046 
4,005 
16,647 
3,729 
9,151 

588 

433 
3,318 
2,222 
22,056 
6,859 
5,229 
3,925 
2,379 
1,638 
1,429 

777 
6,135 
2,287 
6,996 


3,725 56 

258 j 12 

286 ! 7 

790 1 2 

381 21 

222 121 

1,103 

361 1 

1,161 13 

1,086 1 166 

3,401 239 

1,332 54 

3,662 25 

1 ,363 23 

324 3 

980 1 53 

828 ! 3 

1 ,227 i 59 


91 


Alexander 


29 


Alleghany 


3 


Anson 


5 




24 


Avery ^ 


781 




21 


Bertie 


4 


Bladen 


10 


Brunswick ._ 

Buncombe 

Burke 


229 
516 

87 




61 


Caldwell 


56 


Camden 


4 




72 


Caswell 


4 


Catawba _ . ^_ 


89 


Chatham 


964 


11 


18 


Cherokee 


512 

376 

276 

1,385 

2,197 

2,045 

3,426 

414 

523 

2,481 

231 


191 



31 

11 

26 

xl 

1 

151 
31 


291 


Chowan 





Clay 


72 




28 


Columbus - 


28 


Craven 


24 


C umberland 

Currituck. .. 


15 

1 


Dare 

Da\'idsou 

Davie 


25 

128 

61 


Duplin 


1,509 26 
2,516 79 
989 12 
4,309 247 
1,119 5 


13 


Durham 


128 


Edgecombe 

Forsyth.. 


23 

366 


Franklin 


S 




3,620 

354 

260 

924 

537 

5,557 

1 , 856 

1,561 

1,860 

853 

432 

393 

367 

2,537 

1,020 

1,640 


34 

2 
88 

/ 

5 

356 

9 

31 

165 

360 

1 

3 

3 

21 

52 

47 


54 


Gates 


t 


Graham 


231 


Granville 


10 


Greene _. 


4 


Guilford . 


622 


Halifax 


6 


Harnett 


39 




269 


Henderson 

Hertford 


435 
5 


Hoke 


4 


Hvde 


16 


Iredell 


49 




70 


Johnston 


42 



238 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1960, 
BY COUNTIES— Continued 



( 'oLiuty 



Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg, 
Mitchell__-J. 
Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 
N'orthampton. 

( )nslo\v 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank. _ 

Pender 

Per((uimans- - 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington... 

Watauga 

Wavne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 



COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 



Charles F. 
Gold 



1,426 
3,034 
5,307 
3,063 
1,134 
2,488 
3,152 
2,757 

18,685 

392 

1,605 

3,370 

6,403 

10,029 
2,837 
3,359 
4,813 
1,009 
2,600 
1,866 
900 
2,870 
8,291 
1,311 
1,213 
4,671 
7,052 
6,019 
7,405 
7,757 
3,138 
1,869 
2,909 
2,247 
3,991 
945 
1,706 
593 
3,086 
4,845 



21,320 
2,164 
1,625 
1,327 
6,420 
2,925 
5,085 
1,268 
1,327 

422,981 



John N. 
Frederick 



582 

757 

1,932 

1,139 

562 

246 

741 

1,159 

7,351 

135 

412 

1,006 

1,711 

3,872 

879 

1,525 

1,753 

332 

1,026 

676 

396 

1,278 

2,519 

462 

1,325 

2,26! 

2,251 

1,842 

4,065 

820 

1,032 

543 

1,199 

608 

1,038 

416 

962 

218 

1,237 

1,269 

3,105 

607 

549 

278 

1,471 

804 

976 

339 

165 



133.370 



6,748 



Deems H. 


J.E. 


Clifton (R) 


Cameron (R) 


2 


2 


14 


31 


17 


40 


9 


30 


118 


123 


35 


31 


9 


11 


17 


29 


377 


1,231 


429 


963 


11 


16 


37 


67 


4 


5 


63 


63 


11 


4 


15 


29 


49 


106 


24 


7 


11 


19 


/ 


10 


6 


5 


3 


4 


6 


10 


97 


195 


478 


1,039 


( 


20 


13 


14 


115 


147 


43 


90 


27 


38 


135 


45 


3 


6 


54 


84 


38 


57 


17 


16 


23 


70 


65 


161 


3 


7 


11 


25 


4 


22 


117 


156 


7 


11 


10 


10 


58 


156 


34 


30 


496 


758 


42 


53 


367 


709 


5 


1 



11,934 



Election Returns 



239 



VOTE FOR STATE OFFICERS IN THE PRIMARIES, 1960, 

BY COUNTIES 



ASSOCIATE JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT 



County 



Alamance.. 
Alexander^ _ 
Alleghany-- 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick-. 
Buncombe. _ 

Burke 

Cabarrus — 
Caldwell... 

f'amden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham. _- 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck.. 

Dare 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Caston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood-.. 
Henderson,. 
Hertford... 

Hoke 

Hvde 

Iredell 

.1 ackson 

Johnston 



Clifton L. 
Moore 



790 
569 
794 
,665 
,042 
322 
248 
452 
,961 
648 
,265 
,646 
,230 
,128 
586 
,434 
,764 
,980 
,944 
,025 
,009 
322 
,005 
,620 
,573 
,591 
,000 
,105 
,724 
645 
,793 
,953 
,017 
,383 
,164 
,511 
676 
382 
,210 
,244 
922 
,753 
940 
,603 
,902 
,535 
,434 
849 
,293 
,969 
,295 



William .. 
Cocke 



Couuty 



2,959 

626 

217 

583 

404 

291 

775 

430 

656 

408 

14,396 

1,701 

2,795 

1,292 

268 

654 

619 

1,636 

891 

779 

321 

278 

2,002 

1 ,374 

1,289 

2,528 

314 

323 

3,280 

263 

794 

3,149 

783 

8,237 

1,350 

3,746 

209 

322 

833 

385 

7,889 

1,690 

1,546 

2,097 

1 ,289 

381 

340 

309 

2,503 

1,453 

1,650 



Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New Honover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank.. 

Pender 

Perquimans.. 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania - 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals... 



Clifton L. 
Moore 



516 

558 
495 
506 
105 
315 
136 
642 
372 
332 
531 
320 
166 
664 
598 
898 
430 
012 
535 
930 
899 
855 
379 
705 
863 
822 
733 
037 
952 
836 
724 
814 
746 
030 
442 
684 
748 
535 
895 
928 
143 
984 
592 
141 
965 
004 
958 
184 
673 



385,247 



William . 
Cocke 



476 

865 

1,376 

1,456 

599 

2,386 

761 

1,175 

9,140 

153 

370 

887 

1,369 

1,305 

937 

906 

1,963 

235 

989 

202 

337 

904 

2,005 

944 

1,255 

1,776 

1,444 

1,402 

2,711 

2,840 

497 

42K 

1,145 

656 

1,454 

681 

922 

213 

1,113 

1,729 

5,003 

597 

501 

389 

1,627 

638 

886 

349 

763 



148,116 



240 



North Carolina Manual 



TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTIONS 

1956-1960 



Democrats 


1956 


Republicans 


Adiai E. Stevenson 
500,530 


President 


Dwight D. Eisenliower 
575,062 


l.uthor H. Hodges 
760.480 


Governor 


Kyle Haves 
375,379 


Liitlier E. Barnliardt 
738,322 


Lieutenant Governor 


•Toe A. Dunn 
368,457 


Thad Eure 

737,266 


Secretary of State 


Grover C. Robbins 
366,752 


lleiirv L. BridRes 
730.008 


Auditor 


William White 
367,611 


I'dwin Gill 

730.875 


Treasurer 


Calvin Monroe Adams 
367,446 


Si 


jperintendent of Public Instruction 


Charles P. Carroll 
729,101 




T. E. Story 
367,325 


Ge(ir«e B. Patt/.ii 
730,753 


Attorney General 


C. E. Hyde 

369,285 




Commissioner ot Agriculture 


1,. Y. Ballentiiie 
731,405 




Fred R. Keith 
366,635 


Frank Crane 
728,311 


Commissioner of Labor 


.1. M. Standi 
366,735 




Commissioner of Insurance 


Charles F. Gold 
731.385 




David W. Lee 
366,805 


.1. Wallace Winborne 
733,617 


Chief Justice Supreme 


Court 



Associate Justice Supreme Court 

William B. Rodman, .Ir. 
7.33,160 

1958 

Attorney Genera I 

MaU-ulm'^B.fSeawell 

436,251 
I. Beverly Lake 

660 (write-in vote) 



i.|Wallace 'Winborne 
136,260 



Chief Justice Supreme'Court 



Election Returns 



241 



TOTAL VOTES CAST— GENERAL ELECTIONS 

1956-1960— Continued 



Democrats 



Emery B. Denny 
433,985 

Carlisle W. Higgins 
433,815 



John F. Kennedy 
713,136 

Terry Sanford 
735,248 

I. Beverly Lake 
1,137 (write-in votes) 



H. Cloyd Philpott 

765,519 



Thad Eure 

787,985 



Henry L. Bridges 
781,164 



Republicans 



Associate Justice Supreme Court 



1960 
President 

Governor 



Lieutenant Governor 



Secretary of State 



Auditor 



Treasurer 



Edwin Gill 

784,495 



Richard M. Nixon 
655,420 



Robert L. Gavin 
613,975 



S. Clyde Eggers 
532,445 



David L. Morton 
504,846 



Dallas M. Reese 
503,059 



Fred R. Keith 
502,390 



Superintendent of Public Instruction 



Charles F. Carroll 
785,377 



Wade Bruton 

777,863 



L. Y. Ballentuic 
784,934 



Frank Crane 
779,832 



Charles F. Gold 
788,339 

R. Hunt Parker 

781,770 

Clifton L. Moore 
794,791 



Attorney General 



Mary Jo Zachary 
499,017 



Donald L. Paschal 
504,280 



Commissioner of Agriculture 

A. H. Farmer 
503,071 



Commissioner of Labor 



T. Paul Messick 
501,954 

Commissioner of Insurance 

J. E. Cameron 
501,262 

Associate Justice Supreme Court 

Paul C. West 
500,737 



242 North Carolina Manual 

VOTE FOR GOVERNOR IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES 

1936-1960 

1936 

First Primary 

ClvdeK.iluey 193,972 

Ralph McDonald 189,504 

A. H. Graham 126,782 

John A. McRae. — .--- 6,606 

Second Primary 

Clyde R.Hoey. 266,354 

Ralph McDonald 214,414 

1940 

.1. Melville Broughton 147,386 

W. P. Horton 105,916 

A.. I. Maxwell 102,095 

Lee Gravely 63,030 

Thos. K. Cooper 33,176 

Paul D. Grady 15,735 

Arthur Simmons 2,058 

1944 

R. Gregg Cherry 185,027 

Ralph McDonald 134,661 

011a Ray Boyd 2,069 

1948 

First Primary 

Charles M. .Johnson 170,141 

W. Kerr Scott 161,293 

R. Mayne Albright 76,281 

Oscar Barker 10,871 

W. F. Stanley, Sr 2,428 

Olla Ray Boyd 2.111 

Second Primary 

W. Kerr Scott - 217,620 

Charles M. .lohnson 182,684 

1952 

William B.Umstead 294,170 

Hubert E. Olive 265,675 

Manley R. Dunaway 4,660 

1956 

Luther H. Hodges - 401,082 

Tom Sawyer 29,248 

Harry P. Stokely 24,416 

(IE Karle.Jr 11,908 

1960 

First Primary 

Terry Sanford 269,463 

I.Beverly Lake 181,692 

Malcolm B. SeaweU 101,148 

.lohn D. Larkins, Jr 100,^57 

Second Primary 

Terry Sanford... 352,133 

]. Beverly Lake 275,905 



Election Returns 



243 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, 
MAY 28, 1960, BY DISTRICTS 



FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Herbert C. 
Bonner 


Walter B. 
Jones 


Beaufort 


4,744 

789 

797 

1,284 

1,514 

812 

1,596 

982 

3.233 

2,. 360 

1,516 

5,213 

858 

1,819 


1,405 




435 


Chowan - -- - - 


985 




478 


Dare - -- 


472 




577 


Hertford ~ - --- --- --- - 


814 


Hvde _- 


726 


Vlartin . - - - . 


1.421 


Pasquotank . . . _ . .- . - -. - 


1,901 




2,024 


Pitt - - 


7.. 324 


TyrreU 


279 


Washington . - . ..... . . . 


740 






Totals - -- .- - - 


27,517 


19,581 







TIURU COXC.RKSSIOXAL DISTRICT 



County 


Robert L. 
Stallings, Jr. 


S. A. 
Chalk, Jr. 


David X. 
Henderson 


James Oscar 
Simpkins 


David J. 
Rose 


Carteret 

Craven 


1,349 
3.458 
213 
539 
1.808 
583 
137 
926 
445 


964 

58 

5 

il 
3 
20 
43 
31 


402 

940 
5,469 

524 
1,806 

241 
1,804 
2,023 
1,559 


2,051 

3,529 

810 

1,206 

2,412 

834 

897 

1,442 

1,169 


188 
270 


Duplin .. 


L'27 


Jones 

Onslow . _^ 


145 
220 


Pamlico . ._ __ 


112 


Pender 

Sampson . . 


1.38 
461 


Wayne . _ . . . 


5,582 






Totals 


9,458 


1,177 


14,768 


14,. 380 


,7,343 



FIFTH CUXUREHSIOXAL DISTRICT 



County 


Ralph J. 
Scott 


Allan 1). 
Ivie. Jr. 


Thomas C. 
Ealy 


Caswell 

Forsyth 

Granville - .. ..___ 


2,134 
15,891 
3,199 
2,908 
4,375 
3,529 
4,429 


625 
4,7.30 
1,048 
1,705 
1,199 
226 
844 


183 

2.141 

339 




332 


Rockingham - - .. 


741 


Stokes 

Surry 


69 
294 






Totals 


36,465 


13,377 


4,099 







244 



North Carolina Manual 



SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Horace R. 
Koruegay 


WiUiam H. 
Murdock 


Alamance . -_--_-_ _- 


6,195 

1,988 

26,764 

2,178 


7 169 


Durham _ _ _ , _ _ . 


16,998 


Guilford - 


2,698 


Orange 


4,948 






Totals 


37,125 


31,813 







NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 



County 


Hugh Q. 
Alexander 


Bedford W. 
Black 


Worth B. 
Folger 


Alexander _ _ . 


1,470 

888 
1,996 
6,892 
4,929 
8,218 
8,778 
3,939 
2,012 


81 

23 

51 

4,320 

358 

1,115 

3,787 

724 

64 


32 


Alleghany 

Ashe 

Cabarrus 


685 

r,-.', 

144 


Caldwell 

Iredell . 


216 
328 


Rowan 

Stanly 

Watauga 


365 

121 

70 


Totals 


39,122 


10,523 


2,024 



TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




1 
County 


David 
Clark 


Phillip N. 
Alexander 


Avery . . 


641 
5,103 
4,521 

4,290 

19,774 

582 


109 


Burke 


681 


Catawba . . 


838 


Lincoln-- _ . .. 


640 


Mecklenburg _ _ _ . _ . _ 


8,660 


MitcheU - - 


59 






Totals 


34,911 


10,987 







TWELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT (REGULAR TERM) 



County 


Roy A. 
Taylor 


T. D. 
Brysou, Jr. 


Shelby E. 
Horton, Jr. 


Buncombe - - . - 


11,294 

1,010 

302 

533 

2,675 

1,663 

1,618 

861 

440 

983 


2,020 
1,015 
364 
392 
3,004 
1,162 
1,956 
1,089 
1,206 
1,658 


5,022 


Cherokee . . 


103 


Clav 


27 


Graham 


69 


Haywood - 


820 


Henderson - 


814 


Jackson -> . _-._ 


235 


Macon 

Swain 

Transylvania . 


111 

41 

342 






Totals 


21,379 


13,866 


7,584 







Ele:;t!on Returns 



245 



TVVELFTd CONGRESSIO.NAL DISTRICT (UNEXPIRED TERM) 


('j.l:lty 


Roy A. 
Taylor 


T. D. 
Bryson, Jr. 


Shelby E. 
Horton, Jr. 




9,140 

1,008 

290 

546 

2,648 

1,706 


1,922 
1,083 
393 
430 
3,214 
1.107 


4,463 


Cherokee - - - 


1U2 


Clay - 


31 


Graham - - 


79 


Haywood _ _ _ - 


7S9 


Henderson - - 


801 




1,608 i 2,098 
922 1 1,163 
492 1.227 


264 


Macon - - - - 


85 






Transylvania 


1,043 


1,668 


369 


Totals 


19,403 


14,305 


7,020 



VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN SECOND PRIMARY 

JUNE 25, 1960 



THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 




County 


David N. 
Henderson 


James Oscar 
Simpkins 


Carteret _ _ _ _ _ 


2,242 
3,034 
6,405 

790 
3,071 

705 
1,942 
2,925 
5,460 


3,272 




5,086 


Duplin - -- - -- - 


1,268 


.[ones - - - 


1,462 




3,269 




963 


Pender _ _ _ --.-^- _-__ 


1,101 


Sampson _ . _ 


2,299 




3,291 






Totals - - 


26,574 


22,011 







VOTE FOR CONGRESSMEN IN REPUBLICAN PRIMARY, 

MAY 28, 1960 

TWELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT (REGULAR TERM) 



County 


Heinz 
Kdllman 


Jack F. 
Shuler 


Buncombe . . _. . 


440 

456 

90 

37 

379 

595 

166 

221 

67 

109 


479 


Cherokee - 


180 


Clay ._ 


36 


Graham - - - 


603 


Haywood 


147 


Henderson- - - 


272 


-Jackson 


91 




78 


Swain 


67 




164 






Totals - 


2,560 


2,117 



24G 



North Carolina Manual 



IVVELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT (UNEXPIRED TERM; 



County 


Heinz 
Rollman 


.lack !■■. 
Shuler 


Buncombe 


407 

472 

911 

39 

375 

61 S 

161 

224 

67 

109 


486 

205 

36 

624 

161 

26^ 

77 

82 

66 

172 




Cherokee _. 




Clay 




Graham _______ _ 




Haywood _. . . . 




Henderson 




Jacksou 




Macon _____^-_ __ 




8\vain . __ _ - . . _ _ _ 




Transylvania - -- 








Totals - - -- - _-_. 


2,562 


2,170 









SPECIAL ELECTION HELD JUNE 25, 1960 IN TWELFTH 

CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT, FOR UNEXPIRED 

TERM ENDING JANUARY 3, 1961 



County 


Roy A. 
Taylor (D) 


Heinz 
Rollman (R; 


Buncombe . -._._._ ,. . 


10,178 
1.886 
667 
948 
4,795 
2,135 
2,924 
1,910 
1,423 
1,878 


54 


Cherokee .., 


23 


Clav 


16 


Graham __.,. ..._,......._ 


/ 


Haywood -.-..._.__._..... 


138 


Henderson., , . , , _ . 


55 


.Jackson _^^__ _. 


29 


Macon ._--.-__._ ______ 


33 


Swain .,. _-__.._.._-. _.... _. 


8 


Transylvania -__ _- 


53 








28,744 


416* 







*Write-in votes 



Election Returns 



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cc- 


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256 



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Election Returns 



257 



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Election Returns 25t) 

VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATORS IN PRIMARIES 

1944-1956 



1944 

Clyde R. Hoey 2Il,0-t9 

Cameron Morrison 80,154 

Marvin L. Ritch 7,428 

Arthur Simmons 4,593 

G. Y. Newton 3,057 

1948 

Short Term 

.1. Melville Broughton 206,605 

William B. Umstead 188,420 

Regular Term 

J. Melville Broughton 207,981 

William B. Umstead 183,865 

1950 
First Primary 

Frank P. Graham 303,605 

Willis Smith 250,222 

Robert R. Reynolds 58,752 

011a Ray Boyd 5,900 

Second Primary 

Willis Smith 281,114 

Frank P. Graham 261,789 

1954 

Short Term 

W. Kerr Scott 274,674 

Alton Lennon 264,265 

Alvin Wingfield 12,372 

Henry L. Sprinkle 5,013 

Regular Term 

W. Kerr Scott 312,053 

Alton Lennon 286,730 

Alvin Wingfield 7,999 

Henry L. Sprinkle - - 2,548 

A. E. Turner 2,361 

Olla Ray Boyd - 1,674 

W. M.Bostick - 1,293 

1956 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr - 360,967 

Marshall C. Kurfees - 65,512 



260 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATORS IN 
GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1944-1958 



Democrats 




1944 


Republicans 


ClvdeR.Hoey 
533,813 




1948 


A.I. Ferree 

226,037 


J. Melville Broughton 
(Democrat) 
540,762 


John A. Wilkinson 
(Republican) 
220,307 


WiUiam T. Brown 
(Progressive) 
3,490 






1950 




rivde R. Hoev 
376,472 




Regular Term 
Unexpired Term 


Halsey B . Leavitt 
171,804 


Willis Smith 

364,912 
Frank P. Graham 

2,259 (write-in 


votes) 


1954 
Short Term 


E. L. Gavin 
177,7.53 


W . Kerr Scott 
402,268 




Regular Term 




\V. Kerr Scott 
408,312 




Unexpired Term 


Panic. West 
211,322 


Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
410,574 




1958 




Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
731,353 






Joel A. Johnson 
367,475 



B. Everett Jordan 
431,492 



1958 



Richard C. Clarke, Jr. 

184,977 



Election Returns 



261 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, MAY 28, 1960 



County 



B. Everett 


Addison 


Robert W. 


Robert M. 


Jordan 


Hewlett 


Gregory 


Mcintosh 


9,622 


2,762 


437 


356 


84-1 


340 


88 


41 


707 


229 


99 


83 


1,370 


844 


1.33 


162 


882 


843 


99 


47 


476 


153 


47 


35 


3,003 


2,073 


177 


162 


787 


1,363 


69 


51 


2,098 


2,510 


158 


168 


929 


2,985 


200 


126 


12,666 


4,095 


571 


663 


3,400 


1,917 


233 


284 


6,669 


2,398 


844 


690 


3,567 


723 


357 


325 


480 


396 


91 


48 


3,164 


1,266 


129 


122 


1,721 


719 


268 


158 


3,646 


987 


244 


337 


2,731 


1,286 


193 


195 


1,558 


273 


82 


94 


862 


524 


95 


66 


471 


134 


33 


25 


6,377 


1,509 


645 


460 


3,809 


6,397 


530 


625 


3,802 


3,077 


378 


333 


5,874 


5,677 


762 


582 


815 


391 


211 


87 


1,178 


246 


162 


81 


5,886 


3,137 


370 


330 


687 


297 


42 


48 


1,865 


3,874 


229 


148 


12,696 


4,313 


800 


368 


2,524 


2,659 


178 


122 


13,453 


7,001 


1,059 


751 


2,403 


2,072 


.392 


224 


8,946 


2,269 


870 


1,097 


339 


481 


148 


73 


572 


166 


62 


40 


2,445 


1,465 


361 


185 


1,387 


1,291 


130 


69 


17,172 


9,558 


1,576 


962 


3,492 


3,4.30 


1,918 


215 


3,052 


3,193 


897 


189 


4,941 


845 


298 


216 


2,176 


846 


249 


251 


882 


1.118 


125 


82 


671 


1,107 


32 


69 


671 


543 


62 


52 


5,944 


1,778 


912 


493 


2,229 


874 


222 


206 


4,796 


3,786 


476 


242 


829 


1,141 


125 


91 



Alamance. _. 
Alexander... 
Alleghany... 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe. - 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell...- 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland... 
Cohimbus... 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck... 

Dare 

Davidson.-. 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

( Jreenc 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood--. 
Henderson.. 
Hertford..-. 

Hoke 

Hyde.. 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 



262 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY, MAY 28, 1960— Continued 



County 


B. Everett 
Jordan 


Addison 
Hewlett 


Robert W. 
Gregory 


Robert M. 
Mcintosh 


Lee 

Lenoir 


2,267 
3,581 
2,4.31 
1,.352 
2,355 
2,624 
2,006 
16,542 

464 
1,325 
1,637 
3,932 
1,010 
1,344 
1,842 
3,996 

543 
2,082 

270 

688 
2,504 
5,813 
1,209 
3,984 
3,063 
4,690 
4,775 
6,246 
5,688 
1,665 
1,410 
2,996 
1,859 
3,825 
1,332 
2,058 

230 
2,8.35 
2,806 
11,184 
1,.552 
1,014 
1,243 
4,738 
2,603 
3,652 
1,323 
1,1.34 


1,815 
3,636 
1,362 

274 

406 
1,480 

793 

9,001 

89 

735 
2,918 
4,238 
13,971 
2,010 
3,031 
2,892 

833 
1,386 
2,457 

706 
1,404 
4,894 

331 
1,887 
3,247 
4,346 
3,049 
3,791 
1,500 
2,633 

999 
1,074 

931 
1,096 

118 

309 

540 
1,157 
2,898 
14,396 
1,045 
1,028 

569 
3,152 
1,116 
2,265 

338 

392 


120 
296 
298 
188 

87 
121 
228 
917 

19 

57 

85 
323 
174 
399 
309 
289 

63 
320 

76 

86 
358 
497 
142 
150 
389 
420 
518 
1,209 
799 
172 

75 
201 
262 
239 

67 
217 

79 
318 
353 
344 
254 
148 

98 
231 
187 
264 

87 

62 


122 

180 


Lincoln - 


362 


Macon 

Madison . . 


61 

73 


Martin 

McDowell 


85 
398 


Mecklenburg _. _ .. 


2,072 


Mitchell 


30 


Montgomery _ - _ 


64 


Moore - 


91 


Nash 


1.35 


New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 


219 
134 
231 




221 


Pamlico 


50 


PasQuotank 


113 


Pender 


68 




39 


Person 

Pitt 


198 
291 


Polk 


123 

198 


Richmond 


731 


Robeson 


398 


Rockingham 


366 

708 


Rutherford 

Sampson 


491 
132 


Scotland. _ _ 


114 
204 




127 


Surry 

Swain 


145 

48 
281 


Tyrrell 


44 


Union „ - _ 


299 


Vance 

Wake 


214 

373 




106 


Washino'ton - 


114 


Watauga - _ 


.59 




145 


Wilkes 


111 


Wilson - - 


160 


Yadkin 


63 


Yancev 


68 






Totals 


324,188 


217,899 


31,463 


23,988 







Election Returns 



263 



VOTE FOR UNITED STATES SENATOR 
NOVEMBER 8, 1960 



County 


Jordan (D) 


Hayes (R) 


County 


Jordan (D) 


Hayes (R) 


Alamance 

Alexander 


16,801 
3,412 
2,242 
4,443 
4,769 
1,213 
6,493 
3,787 
4,743 
4,414 

24,679 

11,229 

11,476 

10,052 
1,066 
5,662 
2,891 

15,147 
4,939 
3,535 
2,031 
1,431 

12,241 

11,269 
7,958 

13,957 
1,746 
1,547 

15,115 
2,745 
7,662 

19,255 
8,060 

27,106 
5,141 

24,393 
1,564 
1,514 
4,893 
3,187 

34,685 
9,667 
8,441 
9,422 
6,038 
3,346 
2,297 
1,120 

11,610 
4,412 
9,995 


12,020 

3,722 

1,723 

886 

4,550 I 

3,741 

1,503 

257 

1,113 

2,460 

20,489 

11,441 

11,752 

9,756 

219 

3,676 

803 

16,776 

3,684 

3,924 

234 

1,515 

5,091 

1,900 

2,285 

4,677 

186 

521 

16,308 

4,308 

1,764 

7,644 

1,359 

24,502 ! 

540 
15,196 
162 ! 
1,577 

940 ; 

230 
.33,551 
1,152 
4,204 
6,517 
8,855 

366 

311 

282 
8,702 
3,441 
4,805 


Jones 

Lee.. 

Lenoir 

Lincoln- 

Macon 


1,987 

4,189 

9,069 

7,133 

3,546 

4,843 

5,947 

5,797 

47,372 

1,404 

3,604 

6,092 

11,216 

15,689 

4,863 

6,096 

8,049 

1,742 

5,093 

2,954 

1,540 

4,532 

13,298 

2,984 

10,774 

9,015 

12,682 

12,047 

16,019 

10,219 

8,094 

4,037 

9,036 

4,769 

9,043 

2,337 

4,115 

957 

8,046 

6,227 

27,493 

3,226 

2,502 

4,207 

8,523 

8,508 

8,907 

3,240 

3,618 


341 
1,509 
2,113 


Anson 


6,106 




3,212 


Avery _ 


3,908 


Beaufort - 


Martin 


363 


Bertie 


McDowell 


4,821 


Bladen 


Mecklenburg 

Mitchell 


34,395 


Brunswick _ 


4,365 


Buncombe 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

CaldweU 

Camden 


Montgomery 

Moore 

Nash 

New Hanover 

Northampton 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank . 


3,297 
4,824 
2,071 
5,727 
322 


Carteret 


1,490 


Caswell- 


3,569 


Catawba - 

Chatham 


793 

781 


Cherokee 

Chowan 


Pender 

Perquimans - ._ 


603 
275 


Clay 

Cleveland 


Person 

Pitt 


1,094 
1,787 




Polk 


2,364 


Craven 


Randolph 

Richmond _ 


14,321 
2,0,33 


Currituck . . 


Robeson 


1,909 


Dare 


Rockingham 

Rowan, _ . .. . 


7,403 
13,628 


Davie 


Rutherford 


6,802 




Sampson .. 


6,620 


Durham 


' .Scotland 


576 




Stanly 


10,042 


Forsyth 


Stokes 


4,435 




Surry .. 


8,921 




j Swain.. 


1,778 


Gates 


Transylvania 

Tyrrell 


3,365 
203 


Granville 


Union 


2,755 




Vance 


1,108 


Guilford 


Wake 


11,957 


Halifax 


Warren . . 


326 




Washinaton 


7iO 




Watauga . 


4,432 


Henderson 


Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 


3,265 


Hertford 


12,437 


Hoke 


1,567 


Hyde 


Yadkin 

Yancey 


6,605 


Iredell 


3,016 


Jackson 

Johnston 


Totals... 




793,521 


497,964 







264 



North Carolina Manual 



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The issuance of 
$100,000 state ar- 
mory capital im- 
provement bonds of 
the state of \. C. 
for capita! improve- 
ments for the X. C. 
Armory Commission. 


a 

a 






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The issuance of 
$500,000 hospital 
capital improvement 
bonds of the state 
of N. C. for the pur- 
pose of providing 
funds for participa- 
tion by the state 
through the Medical 
Care Commission in 
local hospital con- 
struction. 


< 


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The issuance of 
$1,. 500,000 commu- 
nity college capital 
improvement bonds 
of the state of N. C. 
for grants - in - aid 
for community col- 
lege capital improve- 
ments. 


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cOi— . — -rj'c^c^^c^iiM-r— ' t^ cc to :r-. c^i cq -r -t" 


CSI 


The issuance of 
$12,053,000 state 
mental institutions 
capital improvement 
bonds of the state of 
N. C. for capital im- 
provements at the 
state's mental insti- 
tutions. 


a 

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- 


Tlie issuance of 
$18,891,000 state ed- 
ucational institutions 
capital improvement 
bonds of the state of 
X. C. for capital im- 
provements at the 
state's educational 
institutions and a- 
gencies. 


1 

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Alexander 

Alleghany 

Anson 

AhHc 

Avery 

Heautort 

Bertie _-- 

Hladen, 

Hrunsw ick 

Buncombe 

Burke--- 

( ^abarrus 

Caldwell 

( 'amden 

( 'arteret - _ _ _ _ . 

( 'aswell 

( atawba 

( liatliam - - 

Clicnikrc __ 



Election Returns 



265 



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266 



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The issuance of 
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provement bonds of 
the state of N. C. 
for capital improve- 
ments for the N. C. 
Armory Commis.sion. 


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The issuance of 
$500,000 hospital 
capital improvement 
bonds of the state 
of N. C. for the pur- 
pose of providing 
funds for participa- 
tion by the state 
through the Medical 
Care Commission in 
local hospital con- 
struction. 


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The issuance of 
$1,500,000 commu- 
nity college capital 
improvement bonds 
of the state of N. C. 
for grants - in - aid 
for community col- 
lege capital improve- 
ments. 








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Tlie issuance of 
$12,053,000 state 
mental institutions 
capital improvement 
bonds of the state of 
N. C. for capital im- 
provements at the 
state's mental insti- 
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The issuance of 
$18,891,000 state ed- 
ucational institutions 
capital improvement 
bouds of the state of 
N. C. for capital im- 
provements at the 
state's educational 
institutions and a- 
gencies. 


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Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 



Election Returns 



267 






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268 



North Carolina Manual 



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269 





















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270 



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Election Returns 



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= :Ss::S::;>.>H 



North Carolina Manual 



VOTE ON PROHIBITION 1881 AND 1908 



August, 1881 



May, 1908 



For 

Prohibition 
48,370 



Against 

Prohibition 

166,325 



For 

Prohibition 
113,612 



Against 

Prohibition 

69,416 



Vote on calling convention to consider proposed amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States repealing 
the 18th amendment and Election of Delegates. 



November, 1933 







Delegates 


Delegates 






For Repeal 


Ag-ainst 


For 


No 


of 


Repeal of 


Convention 


Convention 


18th 


18th 






Amendment 


Amendment 


120,190 


293,484 


115,482 


300,054 



PART V 

GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, 
BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



GOVERNMENTAL BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS 



ADVISORY BUDGET COMMISSION 

1925, c. 89; 1929, c. 100; 1931, c. 295; 1951, c. 768; 
G. S. 143-4 

Composition: Six members. Chairman of Appropriations and 
Finance Committees of the House and Senate, and two members 
appointed by the Governor. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

J. K. Doughton Sparta 

J. C. Eagles Wilson 

Appointed by the Legislature: 

James G. Stikeleather, Jr Asheville 

Thomas J. White Kinston 

Thomas H. Woodard Wilson 

J. Shelton Wicker Sanf ord 

NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL HALL OF FAME 

1953, c. 1129; G. S. 106-568.14 

Composition: Eight members. Five ex-officio, three appointed 
by the Governor. 
L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner State Board of Agriculture, 

Chairman, ex officio Raleigh 

David S. Weaver, Director North Carolina Agricultural 

Extension Service, ex-officio Raleigh 

A. G. Bullard, State Supervisor of Vocational 

Agriculture, ex-officio Raleigh 

B. C. Mangum, President North Carolina Farm 

Bureau Federation, ex-officio Rougemont 

Harry B. Caldwell, Master of State Grange, 

ex-officio Greensboro 

Dean L O. Schaub Raleigh 

T. E. Browne Murf reesboro 

Mis. Charles Graham Linwood 

275 



276 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE 

Rev. s. 3931; Code s. 2184; 1901, c. 479; ss. 2, 4; 1907, c. 497, 
s. 1; 1931, c. 360, s. 1; 1937, c. 174; C. S. 4667; G. S. 106-2 

Composition: Eleven members. Ten appointed by the Goveinor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Glenn G. Gilmore Julian 

Hoyle C. Griffin Monroe 

Claude T. Hall Roxboro 

J. Atwell Alexander Stony Point 

J. Muse McCotter New Bern 

George P. Kittrell Corapeake 

Charles F. Phillips Thomasville 

J. H. Poole West End 

A. B. Slagle Franklin 

W. I. Bissette Grifton 



STATE BOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

1937, c. 49, ss. 2, 3; c. 411; 1939, c. 185, s. 5; 1941, c. 107, s. 5; 
G. S. 18-37; G. S. 18-38 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

W. S. Hunt, Chairman Raleigh 

Claude J. Mabry, Jr Shelby 

Dr. C. W. Goodwin Wilson 



STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

Rev. s. 4539; 1903, c. 767, s. 2; 1907, c. 714, s. 1; 1941, c. 306; 
1943, c. 237; 1945, c. 55; 1955, c. 543; C. S. 6141; G. S. 121-3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

McDaniel Lewis, Chairman Greensboro 

Dr. D. J. Whitener Boone 

Gertrude Sprague Carraway New Bern 

Ralph P. Hanes Winston-Salem 

Dr. Fletcher M. Green Chapel Hill 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 277 

James W. Atkins Gastonia 

Josh L. Home, Jr Rocky Mount 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Raleigh 

STATE ART COMMISSION 

1947, c. 1097; 1951, c. 1168; 1953, c. 696; G. S. 104-5.6 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor from 
membership of State Art Society. 

Robert Lee Humber, Chairman Greenville 

Egbert L. Davis, Jr Winston-Salem 

Edwin Gill Raleigh 

Dr. Clarence Poe Raleigh 

Dr. Clemens Sommer Chapel Hill 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE ART SOCIETY 

1929, c. 314; 1943, c. 752; G. S. 140-1 

Composition: Sixteen members. Four members ex-officio; four 
members appointed by the Governor; eight members elected by 
the Art Society. 

Ex-officio: 

Terry Sanford, Governor Raleigh 

Wade Bruton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 

Mrs. R. S. Bigham, Art Dept. Chairman, 

N. C. Federation of Women's Clubs Charlotte 

Appointed: 

George M. Ivey Charlotte 

Mrs. C. B. Aycock Kinston 

Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

Ralph Price Greensboro 

Elected: 

Mrs. J. Melville Broughton Raleigh 

Mrs. George W. Paschal, Jr Raleigh 

Egbert L. Davis Winston-Salem 



278 North Carolina Manual 

Edwin Gill ! Raleigh 

Dr. Clemens Sommer Chapel Hill 

Mrs. O. Max Gardner Shelby 

Gregory Ivy Greensboro 

Mrs. George Watts Hill, Jr Durham 

Mrs. J. C. B. Ehringhaus, Jr. (Acting Secretary) Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSMENT 

1939, c. 310, s. 200; 1941, c. 327, s. 6; 1947, c. 184; 
G. S. 105-273 

Composition: Five members, all ex-officio under the Act. 

William A. Johnson, Commissioner of Revenue, Chairman. .Raleigh 
Harry Wescott, Chairman Public Utilities Commission .... Raleigh 

Wade Bruton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, Director of Local Government Raleigh 

H. C. Stansbury, Director Department of Tax Research. . . .Raleigh 
Allen Paschal, Secretary Raleigh 

ATLANTIC STATES MARINE FISHERIES COMMISSION 

1949, c. 1086; G. S. 113-377.3 

Composition: Three members, two ex-officio, one appointed by 
the Governor. 

C. G. Holland, ex-officio Morehead City 

S. Bunn Frink Southport 

Walton S. Griggs Point Harbor 

ATOMIC ENERGY ADVISORY COMMITTEE 

1959, c. 481; G. S. 104C-3 

Composition: Thirty-five members. Three ex-officio and thirty- 
two appointed by the Governor. 

Vacancy 

J. C. Cowan, Jr., Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

L. Y. Ballentine, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Charles F. Carroll, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, ex-officio Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 279 

Kiliian Barwick Elizabeth City 

J. Atwell Alexander Stony Point 

Fred C. Alexander Charlotte 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage 

J. W. Bean Raleigh 

Dr. John I. Hopkins Davidson 

Dr. William L. Wilson Raleigh 

Dr. B. J. Romeo Hendersonville 

R. H. Goodmon Williamston 

Sheldon P. Smith Charlotte 

Dr. John C. Brauer Chapel Hill 

Dr. Emil T. Chanlett Chapel Hill 

Dr. Henry T. Clark, Jr Chapel Hill 

Wm. F. Henderson Raleigh 

J. J. Hill Charlotte 

T. H. LeCroy Rocky Mount 

Dr. Leo W. Jenkins Greenville 

Dr. Robert J. Reeves Durham 

H. B. Robinson Raleigh 

E. Jack Story Raleigh 

Dr. C. C. Carpenter Winston-Salem 

Dr. H. Brooks James Raleigh 

Frank Crane Raleigh 

Dr. Wilbur C. Davison Durham 

Dr. Paul Gross Durham 

Edwin L. Jones Charlotte 

Dr. A. C. Menius, Jr Raleigh 

E. C. Fiss Charlotte 

Wm. P. Saunders Raleigh 

Dr. Wm. M. Whyburn Chapel Hill 

STATE BANKING COMMISSION 

1931, c. 243; 1935, c. 266; 1939, c. 91; 1949, c. 372; 
1953, c. 1209; G. S. 53-92 

Composition: Eleven members. Two ex-officio, nine appointed 
by the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Wade Bruton, Attorney General, ex-officio Raleigh 

Don S. Elias Asheville 



280 North Carolina Manual 

E. D. Gaskins Monroe 

Charles M. Johnson Raleigh 

John P. Stedman Lumberton 

John W. Spears Lillington 

M. B. Fowler Durham 

Edwin P. Brown Murfreesboro 

Charles M. Reeves, Jr Sanford 

J. Van Lindley Greensboro 

Edwin Duncan North Wilkesboro 

THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE BAR COUNCIL 

1933, c. 210; 1937, c. 51; 1955, c. 651; G. S. 84-17 

Composition: Thirty-four members. Four ex-officio as officers 
of the North Carolina State Bar, and one each from the thirty 
judicial districts of the State. 

Officers : 

John C. Cheesborough, President Asheville 

Armistead J. Maupin, First Vice-President Raleigh 

R. P. Reade, Second Vice-President Durham 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Councilors: 

J. Kenyon Wilson, Jr., First District Elizabeth City 

Clarence Griffin, Second District Williamston 

Albion Dunn, Third District Greenville 

R. D. Johnson, Jr., Fourth District Warsaw 

Leon H. Corbett, Fifth District Burgaw 

Eric Norfleet, Sixth District Jackson 

Oliver G. Rand, Seventh District Wilson 

Hugh Dortch, Eighth District Goldsboro 

Charles P. Green, Ninth District Louisburg 

Charles H. Young, Tenth District Raleigh 

J. Robert Young, Eleventh District Dunn 

George S. Quillin, Twelfth District Fayetteville 

Hector H. Clark, Thirteenth District Elizabethtown 

Claude V. Jones, Fourteenth District Durham 

Emerson T. Sanders, Fifteenth District Burlington 

W. E. Timberlake, Sixteenth District Lumberton 

W. M. Allen, Seventeenth District Elkin 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 281 

Thomas Turner, Eighteenth District Greensboro 

William L. Mills, Jr., Nineteenth District Concord 

W. D. Sabiston, Twentieth District Carthage 

H. Gardner Hudson, Twenty-first District Winston-Salem 

W. R. Battley, Twenty-second District Statesville 

J. H. Whicker, Sr., Twenty-third District North Wilkesboro 

Wade E. Brown, Twenty-fourth District Boone 

Frank C. Patton, Twenty-fifth District Morganton 

Francis H. Fairley, Twenty-sixth District Charlotte 

M. T. Leatherman, Twenty-seventh District Lineolnton 

E. L. Loftin, Twenty-eighth District Asheville 

Paul J. Story, Twenty-ninth District Marion 

Thad D. Bryson, Thirtieth District Bryson City 

STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

1935, c. 53, s. 1; 1937, c. 285; G. S. 111-1; 111-3 

Composition: Eleven members. Five ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

Judge Sam M. Cathey, Chairman Asheville 

Dr. Howard E. Jensen, Chairman, Exec. Com Durham 

H. C. Bradshaw Durham 

Joe W. Hood Wilmington 

Frank C. King Brevard 

Sam Alf ord Henderson 

Ex-ofiicio members: 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton Raleigh 

J. W. Beach Raleigh 

Charles H. Warren Raleigh 

E. N. Peeler Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston Raleigh 

H. A. Wood, Executive Secretary , Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF BOILER RULES 

1935, c. 326; 1953, c. 569; G. S. 95-54 

Composition: Six members. One ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 



282 North Carolina Manual 

Frank Crane, Commissioner of Labor, Chairman, 

ex-olficio ■ • Raleigh 

W. E. Shuping, Jr Charlotte 

William C. Wallin Winston-Salem 

Wilkes C. Price Asheville 

William M. Reading-, Jr Kinston 

Vacancy 

BUILDING CODE COUNCIL 

1933, c. 392, s. 4; 1941, c. 280, s. 2; 1957, c. 1138; 
G. S. 143-136 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

T. C. Cooke, Chairman Durham 

A. G. Odell, Jr Charlotte 

R. E. Booth Raleigh 

H. B. Foster Greensboro 

A. H. Jeffress Kinston 

Jack Rogers Asheville 

S. W. Sanders, Jr Wilmington 

J. C. Smith, Jr Leaksville 

J. S. Kirk Raleigh 

GOVERNOR RICHARD CASWELL MEMORIAL COMMISSION 

1955, c. 977; G.S. 143-204.1 

Composition: Twenty members. Four ex-officio, sixteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Ex-officio: 

Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Director Dept. Archives 

and History Raleigh 

Dr. Chas. 5^. Carroll, Supt. of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Guy Elliott, Mayor of Kinston Kinston 

Ike Whitfield, Chmn. Board of Commissioners of 

Lenoir County Kinston 

Mrs. Charles M. Johnson Raleigh 

Mrs. G. A. Kernodle Burlington 

Mrs. R. O. Everett Durham 

W. Lament Brown Southern Pines 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 283 

Dr. J. Carlyle Sitterson Chapel Hill 

Paul A. Rockwell Asheville 

Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Edenton 

Associate Justice R. Hunt Parker Raleigh 

Mrs. J. Roger Brooks Kinston 

Mrs. W. M. Bellamy Wilmington 

Mrs. Edwin Pate Laurinburg 

J. Lawrence Sprunt Wilmington 

Edmund H. Harding Washington 

Sam N. Clark Tarboro 

John G. Dawson, Chairman Kinston 

Thomas J. White Kinston 

Mrs. George W. Knott Kinston 

STATE CIVIL AIR PATROL 

1953, c. 1231; G. S. 167-1 

Composition: Nine members. Six ex-officio and three appointed 

by the Governor. 

Ex-officio: 

Major General Claude T. Bowers, Adjutant General .... Raleigh 

Col. Donald H. Denton, Deputy Wing Commander Charlotte 

Lt. Col. Ralph P. Cochrane, Wing Executive Officer. . . .Charlotte 

Major Mary B. Reid, Wing Adjutant Charlotte 

Lt. Col. Robert D. McCallum, Wing Director 

of Communications Charlotte 

Lt. Col. Charles J. Weisner, Coordinator of 

Civil Defense Durham 

Appointed: 

Frank Sherrill Charlotte 

Lloyd Griffin Raleigh 

Charles T. Hagan, Jr Greensboro 

CIVIL DEFENSE ADVISORY COUNCIL 

1959 c. 337; G. S. 166-4 

Composition: Members to consist of those designated as Chiefs 
of Service in the Basic Plan and Amendments to the Operational 
Survival Plan of the North Carolina Civil Defense Agency. 

Edward Scheldt, Commissioner of Motor Vehicles Raleigh 



284 North Carolina Manual 

W. F. Babcock, Director of Highways Raleigh 

Hargrove Bowles, Jr., Director, Department of 

Conservation and Development Raleigh 

Henry F. Kendall, Director, Employment Security 

Commission Raleigh 

Charles F. Gold, Commissioner of Insurance Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Director Raleigh 

Dr. Amos N. Johnson, President, Medical Society of 

North Carolina Garland 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston, Commissioner of Public Welfare .... Raleigh 

Rev. C. W. Robbins, President, Louisburg College Louisburg 

Harry T. Wescott, Chairman, Utilities Commission Raleigh 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture Raleigh 

Dr. Charles F. Carroll, Supt. of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Dr. William L. Wilson, State Board of Health Raleigh 

Frank Crane, Commissioner of Labor Raleigh 

Collin McKinne, Director, Veterans Commission Raleigh 

D. S. Coltrane, Director, Department of Administration. . . .Raleigh 
Shem K. Blackley, Sr., Commissioner, Burial Association . . Raleigh 

John W. McDevitt, Director, Personnel Department Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State Raleigh 

Wade Bruton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Walter F. Anderson, Director, State Bureau of 

Investigation Raleigh 

Major General Claude T. Bowers, Adjutant General Raleigh 

George W. Randall, Director of Prisons Raleigh 

Colonel D. T. Lambert, Commanding Officer, 

State Highway Patrol Raleigh 

Clyde P. Patton, Executive Director, Wildlife 

Resources Commission Raleigh 

COMMERCIAL FISHERIES ADVISORY BOARD 
1955. c. 1031; G. S.113-U2.3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

A. W. Daniels, Chairman Charlotte 

Lewis Hardee Southport 

Ralph Meekins Wanchese 

Monroe Gaskill Cedar Island 

Percy G. Grant Holly Ridge 

W. H. Mason Oriental 

Dick O'Neal New Holland 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 285 

BOARD OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

1925, c. 122, s. 6; 1927, c. 57; 1941, c. 45; 1945, c. 638; 
1953, c. 81; 1957, e. 248; G. S. 113-4; 113-5 

Composition: Eighteen members appointed by the Governor. 

Terry Sanf ord, Governor, Honorary Chairman Raleigh 

Miles J. Smith, 1st Vice-Chairman Salisbury 

W. J. Damtof t, 2nd Vice-Chairman Canton 

Orton A. Boren Pleasant Garden 

W. B. Austin Jefferson 

John M. Akers Gastonia 

Scroop W. Enloe, Jr Spruce Pine 

Edwin Pate Laurinburg 

Eric W. Rodgers Scotland Neck 

Lorimer W. Midgett Elizabeth City 

Amos R. Kearns High Point 

B. C. Trotter Leaksville 

Hugh M. Morton Wilmington 

F. J. Boling Siler City 

H. C. Kennett Durham 

R. W. Martin Raleigh 

Voit Gilmore Southern Pines 

W. Eugene Simmons Tarboro 

T. Max Watson Spindale 

STATE BOARD OF ( ORRECTION AND TRAINING 

1943, c. 776, s. 1 ; 1945, c. 847; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 1.34-90 

Composition: Ten membeis. One ex-officio, nine appointed by 
the Governor. 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Department of Public 
Welfare, ex-officio Raleigh 

C. A. Dillon, Chairman Raleigh 

M. S. Hayworth Rocky Mount 

Paul B. Bissette Wilson 

Joseph W. Nordan Raleigh 

Elton Edv^^ards Greensboro 

*(This Board has the management of the Stonewall Jackson Training School, 
Eastern Carolina Training School, State Home and Industrial School, Morrison 
Training School and State Training School for Negro Girls.) 



286 North Carolina Manual 

T. Clyde Auman West End 

Mrs. C. L, Gilliatt Shelby 

Steed Rollins Durham 

Dr. Charles F. Strosnider Goldsboro 

Blaine M. Madison, Commissioner Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

North Carolina Constitution, Art. IX, sec. 8; 1955, c. 1.372; 

G. S. 115-2 

Composition: Thirteen members. Three ex-officio; ten appointed 
by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly. 

H. Cloyd Philpott, ex-officio Lexington 

Edwin Gill, ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Secretary ex-officio Raleigh 

Dist. No. 

1 J. A. Pritchett, Vice-Chairman Windsor 

2 W. Dallas Herring, Chairman Rose Hill 

3 Charles E. Jordan Durham 

4 Charles G. Rose, Jr Fayettevillc 

5 Charles W. McCrary Asheboro 

6 G. D. Aitken Charlotte 

7 R. Barton Hayes Lenoir 

8 John M. Reynolds Asheville 

* Dr. Guy B. Phillips Chapel Hill 

* H. L. Trigg Raleigh 

A. C. Davis, Controller Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

1955, c. 1186; G. S. 116-156 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

L. P. McLendon, Chairman Greensboro 

Charles H. Reynolds, Vice-Chairman Spindale 

Mrs. T. R. Easterling, Secretary Rocky Mount 

W. Dallas Herring Rose Hill 

W. J. Kennedy, Jr Durham 

*State at large appointments. 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 287 

John P. Kennedy, Jr Charlotte 

William F. Womble Winston-Salem 

Dr. Oliver C. Carmichael Biltmore 

N. Elton Aydlett Elizabeth City 

J. Hairis Purks, Director Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 

Rev. 4300; 1901, c. 89; 1933, c. 165; 1953, c. 428; 
C. S. 5921; G.S. 163-8 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

J. M. Bryan, Chairman Greensboro 

David M. McConnell, Secretary Charlotte 

Warren R. Williams Sanford 

Wm. T. McShane Hendersonville 

H. M. Mallard Ti-enton 

R. C. Maxwell, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

Ex. 1936, c. 1, s. 10; 1941, c. 108, s. 10; 1941, c. 279, ss. 1-3; 
1943, c. 377, s. 15; 1947, c. 598; G. S. 96-3 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Henry E. Kendall, Chairman Raleigh 

Crayon C. Efird Albemarle 

R. Dave Hall Belmont 

Mrs. Quenton Gregory Halifax 

Bruce E. Davis Charlotte 

W. Benton Pipkin Reidsville 

Maurice T. VanHecke Chapel Hill 

EUGENICS BOARD OF NORTH CAROLINA 
1933, c. 224; 1959, c. 1019; G. S. 35-40 

Composition: Five members, all ex-officio under above act. 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner State Board of 

Public Welfare Raleigh 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Director Raleigh 



288 North Carolina Manual 

Dr. J. F. Elliott, Superintendent, Muidrx-h School Butner 

Dr. Eug'one A. Harg'rove, Commissioner of Mental Health, 

Hospitals Board of Control Raleigh 

Wade Bruton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Ethel Speas, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

GASOLINE AND OIL INSPECTION BOARD 
1937, c. 425, s. 9; 194L c. 220; 1949, c. 1167; G. S. 119-26 

Composition: Five members. Two ex-officio, three appointed by 
the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agriculture, 

Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

C. D. Baucom, Secretary, ex-officio Raleigh 

G. E. Bobbitt Raleigh 

E. W. McDaniel Elkin 

G. Allen Ives New Bern 



GENERAL STATUTES COMMISSION 
1945, c. 157; 1947, c. 114; G. S. 164-14 

Composition: Nine members appointed as follows: One each by 
the President of the North Carolina State Bar and the North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; one each by the Deans of the Law Schools of 
Duke, Wake Forest, and the University of North Carolina; one 
each by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House; 
and two by the Governor. 

Robert F. Moseley Greensboro 

Frank W. Hanft, Vice-Chairman Chapel Hill 

David M. Britt Fairmont 

Carl V. Venters Jacksonville 

Fred W. Bynum, Jr Rockingham 

E. C. Bryson Durham 

H. Gardner Hudson Winston-Salem 

Dr. Hugh W. Divine Winston-Salem 

W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids 

Giles R. Clark, Secretary ex-officio Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 289 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF HKALTH 

Rev. s. 4435; Code, s. 2875; 1879, c. 177, s. 1; 1885, c. 237, s. 1; 

1893, c. 214, s. 1; 1911, c. 62, s. 1; 1931, c. 177, s. 1; 

1945, c. 281; C. S. 7048; G. S. 130-1 

Composition: Nine members. Five appointed by the Governor, 
four elected by the Medical Society. 

Dr. Charles R. Bugg, President Raleigh 

Dr. Lenox D. Baker Durham 

Dr. John R. Bender, Vice-President Winston-Salem 

Dr. Z. L. Edwards Washington 

Dr. Oscar S. Goodwin Apex 

Dr. Roger W. Morrison Asheville 

Dr. Ben W. Dawsey Gastonia 

Mrs. W. Kerr Scott RFD, Haw River 

Dr. Jasper C. Jackson Lumberton 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, State Health Director, 

Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION 

1933, c. 172; 1935, c. 257; 1937, c. 297; 1941, c. 57; 1945, 
c. 895; 1953, c. 115; 1957, c. 65; G. S. 136-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Merrill Evans, Chairman Ahoskie 

Ralph Howland Elkin 

Ralph T. Morris New Bern 

Stanley Betts Henderson 

James W. Mason Laurinburg 

Robert Bunnelle Asheville 

Lee White Concord 

STATE (HOSPITAL) ADVISORY COUNCIL 
1945, c. 1096; 1947, c. 933; 1949, c. 1019; G. S. 131-120 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Claude F. Gaddy, Chairman L .Raleigh 

Dr. Fred C. Hubbard North Wilkesboro 



290 North Carolina Manual 

James P. Richardson Charlotte 

Joe M. Cox Laurinburg 

Dr. Eugene A. Hargrove Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA HOSPITALS BOARD OF CONTROL 
1943, c. 136; 1945, c. 925; G. S. 122-7== 

Composition: Fifteen members appointed by the Governor. 

W. G. Clark, Chairman Emeritus Tarboro 

John W. Umstead, Jr., Chairman Chapel Hill 

W. P. Kemp, Vice-Chairman Goldsboro 

R. P. Richardson, Vice-Chairman Reidsville 

H. W. Kendall Greensboro 

Kelly E. Bennett Bryson City 

Dr. Dev^^ey H. Bridger Bladenboro 

R. V. Liles Wadesboro 

Dr. Yates S. Palmer Valdese 

D. W. Royster Shelby 

Vance B. Gavin Kenansville 

George R. Uzzell Salisbury 

J. F. Strickland Durham 

C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

N. C. Green Williamston 

Mrs. Milton J. Kluttz, Jr., Secretary Raleigh 

Vacancy 

NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

1929, c. 120, s. 51 ; 1931, c. 274, s. 8; G. S. 97-77 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. W. Bean, Chairman Spencer 

R. Brooks Peters Raleigh 

Grady Mercer Kenansville 



*(This Board has the management of Dorothea Dix Hospital at Raleigh, 
Broughton Hospital at Morganton, Cherry Hospital at Goldsboro, John Umstead 
Hospital at Butner, Caswell School, Murdoch School and O'Berry School. J 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 291 

NORTH CAROLINA INSURANCE ADVISORY BOARD 

1945, c. 383; G. S. 58-27.1 

Composition: Seven members. One statutory and six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Charles F. Gold, Commissioner of Insurance, 

Chairman ( Statutory) Raleigh 

Wm. H. Andrews, Jr Greensboro 

H. P. Mobley Williamston 

L. M. Buchanan Greenville 

Harry E. Bray Providence 

R. G. Deyton Raleigh 

Max 0. Welborn Yadkinville 

INTERDEPARTMENTAL BUILDING REGULATION 

COMMITTEE 

1957,0.978; G. S. 143-143.1 

Composition: Seven members. (All ex-officio under act.) 

N. E. Cannady, Chairman, Dept. of Insurance Raleigh 

R. G. Bourne, Vice-Chairman, Dept. of 

Administration Raleigh 

.J. L. Pierce, Dept. of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Lewis P. Sorrell, Dept. of Labor Raleigh 

Bruce K. Jones, Medical Care Commission Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, Board of Health Raleigh 

Louis Christian, Board of Public Welfare Raleigh 

Kern E. Church, Secretary, Dept. of Insurance Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA JUDICIAL COUNCIL 

1953, c. 74; G. S. 7-448 

Composition: Fourteen members. One member of Supreme 
Court, two judges of the Superior Court, one member of Attorney 
General's Office, two Solicitors from Superior Court and eight ad- 
ditional members, two of whom shall be appointed by the Gover- 
nor, one by the President of the Senate, one by the Speaker of the 
House, and four by the Council of the North Carolina State Bar. 



292 North Carolina Manual 

Emery B. Denny, Chairman Raleigh 

Armistead J. Maupin Raleigh 

Leo Carr Burlington 

William H. Murdock Durham 

M. G. Boyette Carthage 

Harry McGalliard Raleigh 

Ike F. Andrews Siler City 

Garland S. Garriss Troy 

J. Will Pless, Jr Marion 

A. A. Zollicoffer, Jr Henderson 

John C. Kesler Salisbury 

Bonner D. Sawyer Hillsboro 

William Marion Allen Elkin 

Bryan Grimes Washington 

Bert M. Montague, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

THE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF THE LAW 

ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' BENEFIT AND 

RETIREMENT FUND 

1937, c. 349, s. 8; 1939, c. 6; 1941, cc. 56, 157; 1943, c. 145; 
1949 c. 1055; 1951 c. 382; 1953 c. 883; G. S. 143-166 

Composition: Seven members. Three ex-oflficio, four appointed 
by the Governor. 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman ex-ofRcio Raleigh 

Charles F. Gold, State Insurance Commissioner, 

Secretary, ex-officio Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, ex-officio Raleigh 

C. C. Stoker High Point 

W. B. Lentz Raleigh 

Robert J. Pleasants Raleigh 

Vacancy 

STATE LIBRARY BOARD 

1909, c. 873; 1953, c. 1102; 1955. c. 505; C. S. 6597; G. S. 125-29 

Composition: Eight members. Two ex-oflficio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

Dr. Charles F. Carroll, ex-officio Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 293 

Dr. Jerrold Orne, ex-officio Chapel Hill 

John Harden, Chairman Greensboro 

Dr. Mark McD. Lindsey, Vice-Chairman Hamlet 

Dr. Roy B. McKnight Charlotte 

Paul S. Ballance Winston-Salem 

Mrs. James H. Semans Durham 

Clifford Peeler Salisbury 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

1931, c. 60, s. 7; 1931, c. 296, s. 8; 1933, c. 31, s. 1; G. S. 159-3 

Composition: Nine members. Four ex-officio, five appointed by 
the Governor. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman ex-officio Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, ex-officio Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, ex-officio Raleigh 

William A. Johnson, Commissioner of Revenue, ex-officio. .Raleigh 

Walter A. Coble Guilford College 

S. Preston Douglas Lumberton 

L. B. Hollowell Gastonia 

W. T. Moss Youngsville 

C. W. Roberts Leaksville 

W. E. Easterling, Secretary Raleigh 

LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1938, c. 390, s. 8; 1941, c. 357, s. 6; 1943, c. 535; 1945, c. 526; 
1947, c. 259; G. S. 128-28 

Composition: Ten members. Two ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, ex-officio Raleigh 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Clyde W. Gordon Burlington 

R. W. Sands Reidsville 

Withers Davis Fayetteville 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

F. Kent Burns Raleigh 

C. L. Lineback Salisbury 



294 North Carolina Manual 

S. M. Gattis Hillshoro 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 

1945, c. 1096; G. S. 131-117 

Composition: Twenty members. Two ex-ofRcio, eighteen ap- 
pointed by the Governor. 

Eugene G. Shaw, Chairman Greensboro 

Agnew Bahnson, Sr., Vice-Chairman Winston-Salem 

Dr. J. Street Brewer Roseboro 

Dr. George L. Carrington Burlington 

Paul W. Bumbarger, Jr Hickory 

E. C. Daniel Zebulon 

Sample B. Forbus Durham 

Dr. Powell G. Fox Raleigh 

J. B. Clemence Salisbury 

Mrs. Margaret B. Dolan Chapel Hill 

Dr. Harry L. Johnson Elkin 

H. Royster Chamblee Raleigh 

Marshall L Pickens Charlotte 

Earl H. Tate Lenoir 

Wm. M. Rich Durham 

Dr. Wm. Raney Stanford Durham 

Mrs. Rascoe Hunt Elizabeth City 

Dr. Paul F. Whitaker Kinston 

Dr. J. W. R. Noi'ton, State Health Director, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen B. Winston, State Commissioner of Public 

Welfare, ex-officio Raleigh 

William F. Henderson, Executive Secretary . .Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MERIT SYSTEM COUNCIL 

1941,0. 378; G. S. 126-1 

Composition: Five membei's appointed by the Governor. 

Fred Royster, Chairman Henderson 

J. 0. Wells Pisgah Forest 

Robert B. Justice Enka 

Charles Wade Winston-Salem 

Dr. Katharine Jocker Chapel Hill 

Claude E. Caldwell, Supervisor Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 295 

NORTH CAROLINA MILK COMMISSION 

1953, c. 1338; 1955, c. 406; G. S. 106-266.7 

Composition: Nine members. One ex-officio, eight appointed by 
the Governor. 

L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of Agric-ulture, ex-officio. . .Raleigh 

W. W. Fitzpatrick, Chairman Rougemont 

G. Mark Gof orth Lenoir 

Fred M. Eagles Wilson 

H. G. Strom Asheville 

0. A. Swaringen, Vice-Chairman Concord 

Donald L. Paul New Bern 

1. B. Julian Fayetteville 

William C. Mclntire, Jr Greensboro 

J. V. Whitaker, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CONTROL 

1917, c. 136, sub. c. 2, s. 4; 1935, c. 440; 1941, c. 97; 
C. S. 2779; G. S. 160-195 

Composition: Three members. All ex-officio under the Act. 

Wade Bruton, Attorney General, Chairman Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State, Secretary Raleigh 

Harry Wescott, Chairman Utilities Commission Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

1953, c. 17; 1955, c. 867; G. S. 148-52 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

Johnson Matthe^^s, Chairman Durham 

Howard Hepler Raleigh 

W. A. Brame Wendell 

STATE BOARD OF PENSIONS 

1921, c. 189, s. 1 ; C. S. 5168(a) ; G. S. 112-7 

Composition: Three members. All ex-officio under the above 
Act. 

Terry Sanf ord. Governor, Chairman Raleigh 

Wade Bruton, Attorney General Raleigh 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 



21)6 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PERSONNEL COUNCIL 

1949, cc. 718, 1174; 1953, c. 1085; G. S. 143-35 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Fred Royster, Chairman Henderson 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Mrs. Grace M. Hartzog Raleigh 

John Harden Greensboro 

Robert B. Justice Asheville 

J. W. McDevitt, Director Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE PORTS AUTHORITY 
1945, c. 1097; 1949, c. 892; 1953, c. 191 ; 1959, c. 523; G. S. 143-216 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

John Mercer Reeves, Chairman Pinehurst 

William Grimes Clark, Jr., Vice-Chairman Tarboro 

Collier Cobb, Jr Chapel Hill 

Kirkvi^ood Floyd Adams Roanoke Rapids 

Harvey C. Hines Kinston 

Charles Dowd Gray Gastonia 

Earl Norfleet Phillips High Point 

D. Leon Williams, Executive Director Raleigh 

(Two Vacancies) 

STATE PRISON COMMISSION 

1957, c. .349; G. S. 148-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Linn D. Garibaldi, Chairman Matthews 

Mrs. J. Melville Broughton Raleigh 

Dr. M. B. Davis High Point 

W. W. Shope Weaverville 

James M. Parrott, Jr Kinston 

Dr. Harley C. Shands Chapel Hill 

Edgar Gurganus Williamston 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 297 

STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 
1937, c. 132, s. 5; G. S. 15-201 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Clarence H. Patrick, Chairman Winston-Salem 

John I. Anderson Brevard 

Judge L. Richardson Preyer Greensboro 

Judge W. Jack Hooks Kenly 

Judge William J. Bundy Greenville 

C. Gordon Maddrey, Director Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

Rev. s. 1913; Code s. 2331; 1868-9, c. 170, s. 2; 1909, c. 899; 

1917, c. 170, s. 1; 1937, c. 319, s. 1; 1943, c. 77.5, s. 1; 

1945, c. 43; C. S. 5004; G. S. 108-1 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Howard E. Manning, Chairman Raleigh 

E. Hervey Evans, Vice-Chairman Laurinburg 

Irving E. Carlyle Winston-Salem 

Thomas Cornwell Shelby 

Jack B. Kirksey Morganton 

Mrs. R. E. Stratford Haw River 

Edwin N. Brower Hope Mills 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA RECREATION COMMISSION 

1945, c. 757, s. 3; G. S. 143-207 

Composition: Eleven members. Four ex-officio, seven appointed 
by the Governor. 

Terry Sanford, Governor, ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public 

Instruction, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Commissioner of Public 

Welfare, ex-officio Raleigh 

Hargrove Bowles, Jr., Director, Department of 

Conservation and Development, ex-officio Raleigh 



298 North Carolina Manual 

Rev. Charles S. Hubbard, Chairman Chapel Hill 

Dr. A. E. Weatherford Durham 

Mrs. Harriett Pressly Raleigh 

Charles L. McCullers Kinston 

Ralph Johnson Gastonia 

R. W. Watkins Boone 

Dr. W. D. James Hamlet 

Ralph J. Andrews, Director Raleigh 

ROANOKE ISLAND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION 

1945, c. 9.53; G. S. 143-200 

Composition: Twenty-four members. Three ex-officio, twenty- 
one appointed by the Association. 

Mis. O. Max Gardner, Chi^irman Shelby 

Mrs. J. Emmett Winslow, Vice-Chai; mc~n Hertford 

Lawrence L. Swain, Secretary Manteo 

Chauncey S. Meekins, Treasurer Manteo 

Terry Sanford, Governor, ex-officio Raleigh 

Wade Bruton, Attorney General, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director, Department 

of Archives and History, ex-officio Raleigh 

William B. Aycock Chapel Hill 

C. Alden Baker Elizabeth City 

J. Melville Broughton, Jr Raleigh 

Archie Burrus Manteo 

Mrs. Sam N. Clark Tarboro 

M. L. Daniels, Jr Manteo 

M. K. Fearing, Jr Manteo 

Albert W. Gard Elizabeth City 

Andy Griffith Manteo 

John Harden Greensboro 

Mrs. Roy Homewood Chapel Hill 

D. Victor Meekins Manteo 

George M. Ivey Charlotte 

Hugh Morton Wilmington 

John W. Parker Chapel Hill 

Mrs. W. B. Rosevear Edenton 

Bishop Thomas H. Wright Wilmington 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 299 

NORTH CAROLINA RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AUTHORITY 

1935, c. 288, s. 1 ; G. S. 117-1 

Composition: Six members appointed by the Governor. 

Gwyn B. Price, Chairman Raleigh 

C. L. Ballance St. Pauls 

Dr. S. H. Hobbs, Jr Chapel Hill 

Glenn C. Palmer Clyde 

Mrs. Fred B. Davis Stoneville 

Vacancy 

STATE STREAM SANITATION COMMITTEE 

1945, c. 1010; 1947, c. 786; 1951, c. 606; 1953, c. 1295; 
1959, c. 779; G. S. 143-213 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

J. V. Whitfield, Chairman Wallace 

Scott B. Berkeley Goldsboro 

P. Greer Johnson Asheville 

Mrs. Karl Bishopric, Vice-Chairman Spray 

J. N. Vann Ahoskie 

H. Grady Farthing Boone 

T. B. Upchurch, Jr Raef ord 

E. C. Hubbard, Secretary & Administrative Officer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA SYMPHONY SOCIETY, INC. 

1943, c. 755; 1947, c. 1049; G. S. 140-6 

Composition: Not less than sixteen members. Two ex-officio, 
four appointed by the Governor, balance chosen by the members 
of the Symphony Society. 

Ex-officio: 

Governor Terry Sanf ord Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll Raleigh 

Officers : 

M. Elliott Carroll, President Durham 

Lester C. Giff ord, Vice-President Hickory 

James McClure Clark, Vice-President Asheville 



300 North Carolina Manual 

Voit Gilmore, Vice-President Southern Pines 

Mrs. C. B. Jefferson, Secretary and 

Executive Vice-President Chapel Hill 

William R. Cherry, Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Howard E. Campbell, Assistant Treasurer Chapel Hill 

Benjamin F. Swalin, Director Chapel Hill 

Executive Committee: 

John E. Adams Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Athel Campbell Burnham Chapel Hill 

M. Elliott Carroll Durham 

William R. Cherry Chapel Hill 

James McClure Clarke Asheville 

Mrs. Charles E. Dameron Asheville 

J. Earl Danieley Elon College 

Lester C. Gilford Hickory 

Voit Gilmore Southern Pines 

Mary A. Dodge Rocky Mount 

William C. Fields Fayetteville 

Jake Froelich, Jr High Point 

Mrs. Harmon L. Duncan Durham 

Mrs. T. T. Hanford Graham 

Robert Lee Humber Greenville 

Thomas J. Lassiter Smithfield 

Mrs, Fred B. McCall Chapel Hill 

Mrs. C. B. Jefferson Chapel Hill 

Charles M. Shaffer Chapel Hill 

Jan P. Schinhan Chapel Hill 

Benjamin F. Sw^alin Chapel Hill 

William H. Westphal Greensboro 

TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

1941, c. 25, s. 6; 1943, c. 719; 1947, c. 259; G. S. 135-6 

Composition: Eight members. Two ex-oflficio, six appointed by 
the Governor and approved by the Senate. 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman, ex-officio Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, Supt. Public Instruction, ex-officio Raleigh 

H. L. Stephenson Smithfield 

Clyde W. Gordon Burlington 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 301 

R. W. Sands Reidsville 

Withers Davis Fayetteville 

Mrs. Annie H. Swindell Durham 

F. Kent Burns Raleigh 

Nathan H. Yelton, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

TEXTBOOK COMMISSION 

1923, c. 136, s. 325; 1943, c. 627, s. 1; 1945, c. 707. ss. 4, 12; 
C. S. 5735; G. S. 115-278.4 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction: 

A. B. Gibson, Chairman Laurinburg 

Elementary Division: 

Mrs. Carrie Abbott Bryson City 

Margaret E. McGimsey Morganton 

Mrs. Dorothy Zimmerman Yancey ville 

Cornelia McLaughlin Lillington 

Dr. Lloyd Y. Thayer High Point 

Mrs. Helen D. Wolff Greenville 

High School Division: 

Claire Freeman Raleigh 

Sarah E. Hamilton Lumberton 

Chester N. Womack Rutherf ordton 

Helen D. Wilkin Chapel Hill 

Vacancy 

UTILITIES COMMISSION 

1933, c. 134; 1941, c. 97; 1949, c. 1009; 1959, c. 1319; G. S. 62-1 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the Senate. 

Harry T. Westcott, Chairman . . .' Raleigli 

Sam 0. Worthington Raleigh 

Clarence H. Noah Raleigh 

Thomas R. Eller, Jv Raleigh 

(One vacancy) 

Mrs. Mary Laui'ens Richardson. Chief Clerk Raleigh 



302 North Carolina Manual 

VETERANS COMMISSION 
1945, c. 723; G. S. 165-5 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Wesley E. Cullipher Elizabeth City 

J. 0. Thomas Leaksville 

John L. Kallam Kinston 

C. C. Fordham, Jr Greensboro 

Irwin Monk Asheville 

Collin McKinne, Director Raleigh 

BOARD OF WATER RESOURCES 
1959, c. 779; G. S. 143-353 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

J. R. Townsend, Chairman Greensboro 

Dan K. Moore, Chairman Pro Tempore Canton 

Glenn M. Tucker, Secretary Carolina Beach 

S. Vernon Stevens, Jr Broadway 

P. D. Davis Durham 

Ben R. Lewis Goldsboro 

C. H. Pruden, Jr Windsor 

NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 

1947, c. 263; G. S. 143-241 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

District 1 O. L. Woodhouse Grandy 

District 2 Robert M. Carr, Chairman Wallace 

District 3 G. E. Beal Red Oak 

District 4 J. A. Bridger, Vice-Chairman Bladenboro 

District 5 S. I. Stewart Greensboro 

District 6 Thurman Briggs Lexington 

District 7 R. F. Crouse Sparta 

District 8 James A. Connelly Morganton 

District 9 T. N. Massie, Secretary Sylva 

Clyde P. Patton, Executive Director Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 303 

NORTH CAROLINA INSTITUTIONS 

CORRECTIONAL (White) 

Eastern Carolina Industrial Training School for Boys, 

Rocky Mount 

1923, c. 254, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 5; 1927, c. 144; 
C. S. 7362; G. S. 134-67 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-90 

Juvenile Evaluation and Treatment Center, Swannanoa 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1947, c. 776; G. S. 134-90 

State Home and Industrial School for Girls, Samarcand 

1917, c. 225, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 4; 1929, c. 279, s. 1; 
1937, c. 147, s. 1 ; 1947, c. 226; C. S. 7329; G. S. 134-22 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-90 

Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School. 

Concord 

1907, c. 509, s. 6; 1907, c. 955, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 2; 
C. S. 7313; G. S. 134-1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; 1947. c. 226; G. S. 134-90 

CORRECTIONAL (Negro) 
Juvenile Evaluation and Treatment Center, Swannanoa 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1947, c. 776; (J. S. 134-90 



304 North Carolina Manual 

Leonard Training School, McCain 
1959, c. 198 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1947,0. 776; G. S. 134-90 

Morrison Training School, Hoffman 

1921, c. 190, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 6; 1927, c. 63; 
1941, c. 241; G. S. 134-90 

Under the Noith Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 

1943, c. 776; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-90 

State Training School for Negro Girls, Kinston 
1943, c. 381; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-84.1 

Under the North Carolina Board of Correction and Training. 
1943, c. 776; 1947, c. 226; G. S. 134-90 

EDUCyVTIONAL (White) 

APPALACHIAN STATE TEACHERS' COLLEGE, BOONE 

Rev. s. 4229; 1903, c. 798, ss. 1, 9, 11; 1907, c. 526, s. 1; 

1915, c. 527, s. 1; 1917, c. 100, s. 1; 1919, c. 231, s. 1; 

Pr. 1925, c. 204; Pr. 1929, c. 66; 1957, c. 1142; G. S. 116-45; 

G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

William J. Conrad, Chaii man Winston-Salem 

Kidd Brewer, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

B. C. Brock Mocksville 

C. Watson Brame North Wilkesboro 

George Corn Shelby 

Mrs. Harry B. Caldwell Greensboro 

John P. Frank Mt. Airy 

Dr. J. B. Hagaman, Jr Boone 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 305 

Mrs. J. E. Broyhill Lenoir 

E. G. Lackey Winston-Salem 

W. R. Winkler Boone 

L. A. Dysart Lenoir 

W. H. Plemmons, President Boone 

EAST CAROLINA COLLEGE, GREENVILLE 

1907, c. 820, s. 15; 1911, c. 159, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 7; 

1927, c. 164; 1929, c. 259; 1951, c. 641; 1955, c. 1147; 

1957, c. 1142; C. S. 5866; G. S. 116-45; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor with 
the approval of the General Assembly. 

W. W. Taylor, Jr Warrenton 

Fred Willetts Wilmington 

Baxter Ridenhour Durham 

Mrs. Elizabeth S. Bennett Burlington 

Charles H. Larkins Kinston 

Henry Belk Goldsboro 

Herbert Waldrop, Chairman Greenville 

Carl Goerch Raleigh 

Robert Morgan, Vice-Chairman Lillington 

Henry Oglesby Grif ton 

Mrs. W. B. Umstead Durham 

James Whitfield Raleigh 

Agnes W. Barrett, Secretary Greenville 

Leo W. Jenkins, President Greenville 

NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF 
AT MORGANTON 

Rev. s. 4203; 1891, c. 399, s. 2; 1901, c. 210; 1925, c. 306, s. 11 ; 
C. S. 5889; G. S. 116-121 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

0. H. Pons, President Valdese 

Howard Moose, Vice-President Newton 

William S. McCord, Secretary Charlotte 

R. J. Morris Marion 

Samuel McD. Tate Morganton 

Charles K. Bryant Gastonia 

J. G. Northcott Black Mountain 



306 North Carolina Manual 

OXFORD ORPHANAGE, OXFORD 

Private Laws, 1923, c. 119 

Coiiipusition: Three members appointeil hy the Goveinor. Nine 
under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Benjamin Cone, Vice-President Greensboro 

J. Edward Rool^er Wai'renton 

Thomas L. Simmons Rocky Mount 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Harvey W. Smith, Chairman Beaufort 

James W. Brewer, Vice-Chairman Greenville 

Judge William J. Bundy Greenville 

E. T. Howard, President High Point 

Judge J. Wallace Winborne Raleigh 

A. D. Leon Gray, Secretary Oxford 

M. E. Parham, Treasurer Oxford 

(Two Vacancies) 



l>EMBROKE STATE COLLEGE, I'EMBROKE 

1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1929, c. 238; 1931, c. 275; 1941, c. 323; 
1949. c. 58; G. S. 116-81 

Composition: Twelve members appointed liy the Governor and 
approved by the General Assembly. 

L. W. Jacobs, Chairman ; . . Pembroke 

Edward L. Williamson, Viee-Chairman Whiteville 

Lester Bullard Maxton 

Albert Hammonds Lumberton 

Steve Hammonds, Jr Lumberton 

Ashley Murphy Atkinson 

Elmer T. Lowry Rowland 

Hal Little Wadesboro 

Zeb A. Lowry Pembroke 

Charles Hostetler Raef ord 

Raymond B. Mallard Tabor City 

John L. Carter, Secretary Pembroke 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 307 

THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND 
AND THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 

1905, c. 67; 1925, c. 306; ss. 10, 13, 14; C. S. 5873; 

G. S. 116-106 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Carroll W. Weathers, Chairman Winston-Salem 

George R. Bennette Greensboro 

Charles P. Gaskins Greenville 

Mrs. Julian B. Hutaff Fayetteville 

Mrs. Larry B. Pate New Bern 

Richard B. Ford Asheville 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

Gilbert Peel, Jr Charlotte 

Claude Teague Chapel Hill 

James Webb Greensboro 

Mrs. Homer Wright Leaksville 

TRUSTEES UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

The State College of Agriculture and Engineering of the 
University of North Carolina at Raleigh 

Woman's College of the University of North Carolina 
at Greensboro 

C. S. 5789; G. S. 116-4 

Composition: One hundred members. Elected by the General 
Assembly. The legal term of office expires April 1st of year indi- 
cated. 

*Executive Committee 

Governor Terry Sanford, Chairman Raleigh 

1962 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

J. Shelton Wicker Sanford 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro 

*Tertn expires July 1, of year indicated. 



308 North Carolina Manual 

1961 

G. N. Noble Trenton 

Wade Barber Pittsboro 

Reid A. Maynard Bnrlingrton 

1966 

Mrs. Albert H. Lathrop Asheville 

Victor S. Bryant Durham 

Mrs. Rosa B. Parker Albemarle 

1968 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount 

George Watts Hill Durham 

Rudolph I. Mintz Wilmington 

HONORARY LIFETIME MEMBERS 

John M. Morehead New York, N. Y. 

John Sprunt Hill Durham 

William R. Kenan Lockport, New York 

Luther H. Hodges Washington, D. C. 

John W. Clark Franklinville 

EX-OFFICIO 

Terry Sanf ord, Governor Raleigh 

Charles F. Carroll, State Superintendent of 

Public Instruction Raleigh 

SECRETARY TO THE BOARD 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh 

Miss Billie Curtis, Assistant Chapel Hill 

1963 

Mrs. Oscar Barker Durham Durham 

Mrs. Mary Mclver Stanford. Chapel Hill Orange 

Irwin Belk Charlotte Mecklenburg 

Mitchell Britt Warsaw Duplin 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 309 

Mrs. Mebane H. Burgwyn. . .Jackson Northampton 

Sam N. Clark, Jr Tarboro Edgecombe 

T. J. Collier Bayboro Pamlico 

A. Roy Cox Asheboro Randolph 

Eugene Cross Marion McDowell 

Ben E. Fountain Rocky Mount Edgecombe 

O. Max Gardner, Jr Shelby Cleveland 

Herman Weil Goldsboro Wayne 

George Watts Hill Durham Durham 

John H. Kerr, Jr Warrenton Warren 

M. C. Lassiter Snow Hill Greene 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro Guilford 

D. L. McMichael Madison Rockingham 

Rudolph I. Mintz Wilmington New Hanover 

Thomas 0. Moore Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson Pender 

Mrs. B. C. Parker Albemarle Stanly 

Thomas Turner Greensboro Guilford 

John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel Hill Orange 

Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern Craven 

Macon M. Williams Lenoir Caldwell 



1965 

H. L. Riddle, Jr Morganton Burke 

Dr. John C. Tayloe Washington Beaufort 

Mrs. L. Richardson Preyer. .Greensboro Guilford 

Larry L Moore Wilson Wilson 

H. P. Taylor Wadesboro Anson 

Marshall Y. Cooper Henderson Vance 

Kemp B. Nixon Lincolnton Lincoln 

John P. Stedman Lumberton Robeson 

Calvin Graves Winston-Salem Forsyth 

W. Frank Taylor Goldsboro Wayne 

Cameron S. Weeks Tarboro Edgecombe 

F. E. Wallace Kinston Lenoir 

Clarence L. Pemberton Yanceyville Caswell 

Mrs. George Wilson Fayetteville Cumberland 

Mrs. Albert H. Lathrop Asheville Buncombe 

Wilbur H. Currie Carthage Moore 

James L. Pittman Scotland Neck Halifax 



310 North Carolina Manual 

Roy Rowe Burgaw Pender 

Thomas J. Pearsall Rocky Mount Nash 

Dr. John Gilmer Mebane. . . .Rutherfordton Rutherford 

C. Lacy Tate Chadbourn Columbus 

Dr. Jesse B. Caldwell Gastonia Gaston 

Dr. Francis A. Buchanan. . . .Hendersonville Henderson 

Lenox G. Cooper Wilmington New Hanover 

W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids Halifax 

1967 

Arch T. Allen Raleigh Wake 

Mrs. Ed M. Anderson West Jefferson Ashe 

Ike F. Andrews Siler City Chatham 

Wm. C. Barfield Wilmington New Hanover 

Mrs. J. W. Copeland Murfreesboro Hertford 

Frank H. Crowell Lincolnton Lincoln 

Percy B. Ferebee Andrews Cherokee 

Bowman Gray Winston- Salem Forsyth 

Herbert Hardy Maury Greene 

Wm. B. Harrison Rocky Mount Nash 

J. Frank Huskins Burnsville Yancey 

Mack Jernigan Dunn Harnett 

George N. Noble Trenton Jones 

Ernest E. Parker, Jr Southport Brunswick 

Frank Parker Asheville Buncombe 

Claude W. Rankin Fayetteville Cumberland 

T. Henry Redding Asheboro Randolph 

Mrs. Dillard Reynolds Winston-Salem Forsyth 

Wm. P. Saunders Southern Pines Moore 

Evander S. Simpson Smithfield Johnston 

Walter L. Smith Charlotte Mecklenbuig 

Dr. Shahane Taylor Greensboro Guilford 

Thomas B. Upchurch, Jr.. . .Raeford Hoke 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr 'reensboro Guilford 

Hill Yarborough Louisburg Franklir 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 311 

1969 

William A. Johnson Lillington Harnett 

William Medford Waynesville Haywood 

Oscar C. Vats Fayetteville Cumberland 

Graham W. Bell Fayetteville Cumberland 

R. Walker Martin Raleigh Wake 

John Lassiter Smithfield Johnston 

Luther Hamilton Morehead City Carteret 

William G. Reid Pilot Mountain Surry 

J. Shelton Wicker Sanford Lee 

W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh Wake 

Mrs. Grace T. Rodenbough .Walnut Cove Stokes 

Victor S. Bryant Durham Durham 

Wade Barber Pittsboro Chatham 

Henry A. Foscue High Point Guilford 

Mrs. J. B. Kitrell Greenville Pitt 

C. Knox Massey Durham Durham 

Reid Maynard Burlington Alamance 

A. Alex Shuford, Jr Hickory Catawba 

Dr. L. H. Swindell Washington Beaufort 

Robert B. Jordan, HI Mount Gilead Montgomery 

J. Hanes Lassiter Charlotte Mecklenburg 

John Van Lindley Greensboro Guilford 

B. Atwood Skinner Wilson Wilson 

Ben Trotter Leaksville Rockingham 

Fred L. Wilson Kannapolis Cabarrus 



NORTH CAROLINA VOCATIONAL TEXTILE SCHOOL 

1945, c. 806; G. S. 115-255.1 

Composition: Seven members. One ex-officio, six appointed by 
the Governor. 

Gerald B. James, Director of Vocational Education, 

ex-officio Raleigh 

J. Harold Lineberger, Chairman Belmont 

Otis M. Mull Shelby 

Harry Carter Greensboro 



312 North Carolina Manual 

J. C. Cowan, Jr Gieensboio 

W. B. Shufoid Hickory 

Claude C. Dawson, Secretary Cramerton 

WESTERN CAROLINA COLLEGE, CULLOWHEE 

1925, c. 270; 1929, c. 251; 1951, c. 1167; 1953, c. 1282; 
1957, c. 1142; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

Philip Woolcott, Chairman Asheville 

E. J. Whitmire Franklin 

J. Ramsey Buchanan, Vice-Chairman Sylva 

Dr. Charles 0. Van Gorder Andrews 

Charles F. Gold Raleigh 

James J. Harris Charlotte 

Sam J. Ervin, III Morganton 

W. H. McDonald Tryon 

Thomas Lane Mallonee Candler 

Mrs. Dan K. Moore Canton 

Arnold J. Hyde Asheville 

R. Guy Sutton Robbinsville 



EDUCATIONAL (Negro) 

THE NEGRO AGRICULTURAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE 
OF NORTH CAROLINA, GREENSBORO 

Rev. s. 4223; 1891, e. 549, s. 4; 1899, c. 389, ss. 2, 3; 1939, c. 65, 
s. 4; 1943, c. 132; 1957, c. 1142; C. S. 5828; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor and 
approved by the General Assembly. 

Robert H. Frazier, Chairman Greensboro 

George Sockwell, Vice-Chairman Elon College 

Robert P. Holding, Jr Smithfield 

A. H. Brett Winton 

James A. Graham Raleigh 

E. E. Wadell Albemarle 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 313 

H. A. Scott Haw River 

W. B. Wicker Sanford 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 

J. Mack Hatch Charlotte 

W. L. Reid Kannapolis 

Dr. Murray Davis High Point 

ELIZABETH CITY STATE TEACHERS' COLLEGE, 
ELIZABETH CITY 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1957, c. 1142; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

McDonald Dixon, Chairman Elizabeth City 

0. R. Symons, Vice-Chairman Elizabeth City 

J. C. Abbott Elizabeth City 

Roland L. Garrett Elizabeth City 

Pilston Godwin Gatesville 

Albert G. Byrum Edenton 

J. H. Moore Elizabeth City 

Martin L. Wilson Selma 

Lunsford Long Warrenton 

Dr. Clifford Jones Elizabeth City 

A. J. Jones Tillery 

Roger R. Jackson, Jr Harrellsville 

FAYETTEVILLE STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
FAYETTEVILLE 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1957, c. 1142; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

John H. Cook, Chairman Fayetteville 

Gurney E. Edgerton, Vice-Chairman Fayetteville 

Dr. W. P. DeVane Fayetteville 

Victor Dawson Fayetteville 

C. J. Barber Raleigh 

R. J. Hester, Jr Elizabethtown 

W. E. Horner Sanford 



314 North Carolina Manual 

Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Emil Rosenthal Goldsboro 

Albert Ellis Jacksonville 

Walter Baker Raef ord 

Ed L. White Pine Level 

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AT DURHAM 

1925, c. 306, s. 9 (a); 1939, c. 65, s. 4; 1947, c. 189; 
1957, c. 1142; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

Bascom Baynes, Chairman Durham 

Welch Harriss, Vice-Chairman High Point 

Dr. J. M. Hubbard, Sr Durham 

Dr. J. W. Black Rocky Mount 

Marshall T. Spears, Sr Durham 

Clarence Watkins Reidsville 

Dillard Teer Durham 

Edwin Jones, Sr Charlotte 

Hanes Lassiter Charlotte 

John G. Clark Greenville 

Dr. W. W. Pierson Chapel Hill 

Clyde A. Shreve Summerfield 



THE COLORED ORPHANAGE OF NORTH CAROLINA, 

OXFORD 

1887, c. 47: 1927. c. 162; G. S. 116-139 

Composition: Thirteen members. Five appointed by the Gover- 
nor and eight under the by-laws of the Institution. 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Dr. R. L. Noblin Oxford 

M. S. Currin, Secretary-Treasurer Oxford 

B. K. Lassiter Oxford 

W. T. Yancey Oxford 

N. W. Weldon, Vice-Chairman Stovall 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 315 

Appointed under by-laws: 

Dr. E. E. Toney, Chairman Oxford 

R. L. Shepard Oxford 

Dr. Ellen S. Alston Raleigh 

L. E. Austin Durham 

Dr. G. D. Carnes Wilmington 

Dr. J. W. Seabrook Fayetteville 

J. W. Goodloe Durham 

W. T. Johnson Greensboro 

THE STATE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND 
AND THE DEAF, RALEIGH 

Rev. 4188; Code s. 2228; 1899, cc. 311, 540; 1901, c. 707; 1905, 
c. 67; 1925, c. 306, ss. 10, 13, 14; C. S. 5873; G. S. 116-106 

Composition: Eleven members appointed by the Governor. 

Carroll W. Weathers, Chairman Winston-Salem 

George R. Bennette Greensboro 

Charles P. Gaskins Greenville 

Mrs. Julian B. Hutaff Fayetteville 

Mrs. Larry B. Pate New Bern 

Richard B. Ford Asheville 

S. Linton Smith Raleigh 

Gilbert Peel, Jr Charlotte 

Claude Teague Chapel Hill 

James Webb Greensboro 

Mrs. Homer Wright Leaksville 

THE WINSTON-SALEM TEACHERS COLLEGE, 
WINSTON-SALEM 

1921, c. 61; 1925, c. 306, s. 9; 1957, c. 1142; G. S. 116-46 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor, ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. 

Thomas Winfield Blackwell, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Thomas B. Rice Winston-Salem 

J. Paul Wallace Troy 

Bert L. Bennett Winston-Salem 

Clark S. Brown Winston-Salem 



316 North Carolina Manual 

L. D. Long Reynolda 

N. L. Dillard Yanceyville 

Sam Burrow, Jr Asheboro 

John Hough Leaksville 

Ralph M. Stockton, Jr Winston-Salem 

Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville 

H. D. Townsend Lexington 



MENTAL INSTITUTIONS (White) 

BROUGHTON HOSPITAL, MORGANTON 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; 
1959, c. 1028; G. S. 122-1; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

CASWELL SCHOOL, KINSTON 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; 1945, c. 925, s. 1; 
1959, c. 1028; C. S. 6159 (a); G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

DOROTHEA DIX HOSPITAL, RALEIGH 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 19.35, c. 306, s. 3; 1947, c. 537; 1959, c. 1028; 
G. S. 122-1; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

MURDOCH SCHOOL, BUTNER 

1943, c. 136; 1959, c. 1028; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; 1959, c. 1028; G. S. 122-1 ; G. S. 122-7 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 317 

JOHN UMSTEAD HOSPITAL, BUTNER 

1947, c. 537; 1959, c. 1028; G. S. 122-1 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; G. S. 122-7 

MENTAL INSTITUTIONS (Negro) 
CHERRY HOSPITAL, GOLDSBORO 

1921, c. 183, s. 2; 1925, c. 306, s. 3; G. S. 122-1; G. S. 122-7 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 

1943, c. 136; 1959, c. 1028; G. S. 122-1; G. S. 122-7 

O'BERRY SCHOOL, GOLDSBORO 

1945, c. 459; 1959, c. 1028; G. S. 116-142.1 

Under the North Carolina Hospitals Board of Control. 
1943, c. 136; 1959, c. 1028; G. S. 122-7 

HOSPITALS (White) 

THE NORTH CAROLINA CEREBRAL PALSY HOSPITAL, 

DURHAM 

1945, c. 504; 1953, c. 893; G. S. 131-128 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

George R. Hughes, Chairman Pollocksville 

James M. White, Vice-Chairman Raleigh 

Mrs. Kenneth Cuyler, Secretary Durham 

Mrs. B. V. Hedrick Salisbury 

Dr. Roy A. Lindahl Chapel Hill 

Grizelle Norfleet Winston-Salem 

Dr. W. M. Roberts Gastonia 

A. Forrest Waller Kinston 

J. Fleming Wily, Jr Durham 



318 North Carolina Manual 

THE MOSES H. CONE MEMOKIAL HOSPITAL, 
GREENSBORO 

Composition: Fifteen members. Eight members appointed by 
Mrs. Moses H. Cone, three members appointed by the Governor. 

Officers: 

Benjamin Cone, President Greensboro 

Joseph T. Martin, Vice-President Greensboro 

Howard Holderness, Treasurer Greensboro 

Thomas F. Williams, Assistant Treasurer Greensboro 

Trustees: 

Claud B. Bowen Greensboro 

Ceasar Cone Greensboro 

Mrs. Julius W. Cone Greensboro 

James A. Doggett Greensboro 

Charles A. Hines Greensboro 

Roger A. McDuffie Greensboro 

L. P. McLendon Greensboro 

Ellen Coffey Blowing Rock 

James R. Townsend Greensboro 

C. M. Vanstory, Jr Greensboro 

Dr. Wilburt C. Davidson Durham 

J. Spencer Love Greensboro 

Harold L. Bettis, Secretary Greensboro 

Ronald T. Clapp, Assistant Secretary Greensboro 

NORTH CAROLINA ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL, GASTONIA 

1917, c. 199, s. 4; C. S. 7254; G. S. 131-4 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

J. Harold Lineberger, Chairman Belmont 

W. Frank Dowd, President Charlotte 

W. L. Balthis, Treasurer Gastonia 

W. Frank Phillips, Secretary Charlotte 

Helen Kaiser Durham 

B. C. Trotter, Jr Charlotte 

James E. McKnight Mooresville 

Mrs. O. Max Gardner Shelby 

Mrs. C. Gordon Maddrey Ahoskie 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 319 

NORTH CAROLINA SANATORIUMS FOR THE 
TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS 

BLACK MOUNTAIN, McCAIN, WILSON AND CHAPEL HILL 

1907, c. 964; Ex. session 1913, c. 40, s. 1; 1923, cc. 96, 127; 

1925, c. 306, s. 12; 1935, c. 91, ss. 2, 3; 1935, c. 138; 

1939, c. 325; G. S. 131-62 

Composition: One ex-officio. Twelve members appointed by the 
Governor. 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, ex-officio Raleigh 

Carl C. Council, Chairman Durham 

0. Arthur Kirkman, Vice-Chairman High Point 

Paul S. Cragan Sanf ord 

Gordon H. Greenwood Black Mountain 

Charles A. Cannon Concord 

P. K. Gravely Rocky Mount 

Mrs. P. P. McCain Wilson 

Mrs. Roy Parker, Secretary Ahoskie 

Dr. M. A. Pittman Wilson 

Dr. W. G. Suiter Weldon 

Hardy Talton, Assistant Secretary Pikeville 

J. L. McNeill Raef ord 

NORTH CAROLINA CONFEDERATE INSTITUTION 

Woman's Home at Fayetteville 

1913, c. 62; C. S. 5135; G. S. 112-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. E. R. McKeithan, Chairman Fayetteville 

Chas. G. Rose, Jr., Secretary Fayetteville 

John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Henry C. Doby Albemarle 

J. Henry Hill, Jr Hickory 

J. H. Ross Lincolnton 

Mrs. H. L. Stevens, Jr Warsaw 



320 North Carolina Manual 

EXAMINING BOARDS 

STATE BOARD OF 
CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT EXAMINERS 

1913, c. 157; 1925, c. 261, s. 11; 1939, c. 21; 1951. c. 844; 
C. S. 7008; G. S. 93-12 

Composition: Four members appointed by the Governor. 

Harry R. Borthwick Winston-Salem 

Martin L. Black, Jr., Vice-President Durham 

Richard K. Worsley, Secretary-Treasurer Greenville 

John B. Dickinson, Jr Charlotte 

Katharine D. Guthrie, Administrative Secretary Chapel Hill 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF ARCHITECTURE 

1915, c. 270, s. 1; 1957, c. 794; C. S. 4986; G. S. 83-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

John Erwin Ramsay, President Salisbury 

James W. Griffith, Jr., Vice-President Greenville 

S. Porter Graves, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

F. Carter Williams Raleigh 

Shannon Meriwether Tryon 

A. Lewis Poller, Executive Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF BARBER EXAMINERS 
1929, c. 119, s. 6; G. S. 86-6 
Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

J. M. Cheek, Chairman High Point 

Guy F. Adams Spencer 

C. T. Land Rocky Mount 

STATE BOARD OF CHIROPODY EXAMINERS 

1919, c. 78, s. 3; C. S. 6765; G. S. 90-190 

Composition: Three members appointed by the North Carolina 
Pedic Association. 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 321 

Dr. Basil M. Tucker, President Leaksville 

Dr. H. C. Froneberger, Vice-President Gastonia 

Dr. R. W. Getchell, Secretary-Treasurer Goldsboro 



NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
CHIROPRACTIC EXAMINERS 

1917, c. 73, s. 1; 1933, c. 442, s. 1 ; C. S. 6711; G. S. 90-140 

Composition: Thi-ee members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. S. S. Stephenson, President Wilmington 

Dr. W. Dillon Chambers, Vice-President Asheville 

Dr. Carl H. Peters, Secretary-Treasurer Rocky Mount 

NORTH CAROLINA LICENSING BOARD FOR CONTRACTORS 

1925, c. 318, s. 2; G. S. 87-2 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

R. A. Bryan, Chairman Goldsboro 

N. K. Dickerson, Vice-Chairman Monroe 

J. P. Phif er Rockingham 

R. D. Bean Raleigh 

E. G. Singletary Greensboro 

James M. Wells, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
COSMETIC ART EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 179; 1935, c. 54, s. 2; G .S. 88-13 

Composition: Three members appointed by the Governor. 

James A. Henderson, Chairman Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Zada Noe, Vice-Chairman Beaufort 

Mrs. Eleanor Wallace, Secretai-y Durham 

Mrs. Catherine Munn, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



322 North Carolina Manual 

STATE BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS 

1879, c. 139; 1915, c. 178; 1935, c. 66, s. 1 ; G. S. 90-22 

Composition: Six members elected by the Society and commis- 
sioned by the Governor. 

Dr. S. L. Bobbitt, President Raleigh 

Dr. J. H. Guion, Secretary-Treasurer Charlotte 

Dr. Wade H. Breeland Belmont 

Dr. G. Shuf ord Abernethy Hickory 

Dr. S. W. Shaffer Greensboro 

Dr. Horace K. Thompson Wilmington 

BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS 

1937, c. 87, s. 1;G. S. 87-39 

Composition: Five members, three appointed by the Governor, 
two ex-officio. 

N. E. Cannady, Chairman Oxford 

C. H. Gudger Asheville 

Hector E. Ray Fayetteville 

Howard R. Pancoast High Point 

R. J. Pearsall Holly Springs 

Mrs. Elizabeth E. Anderson, Sec.-Treas Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF EMBALMERS 
AND FUNERAL DIRECTORS 

Rev. 4384; 1901, c. 388, ss. 1, 2, 3; 1931. c. 174; 1945, c. 98, s. 1; 
1949, c. 951 s. 1; 1957, c. 1240, s. 1 ; C. S. 6777; G. S. 90-203 

Composition: Eight members, seven elected by the North Caro- 
lina State Board of Embalmers and Funeral Directors, one ex- 
officio. 

Dr. Charles R. Bugg, President, State Board of 

Health, ex-officio Raleigh 

Winstone E. Montgomery, President Durham 

Clifford H. Brown, Vice-President Kannapolis 

J. Bonner Paul, Secretary Washington 

James Patrick Greeley Canton 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 323 

A. Lee Forbis Greensboro 

Johnnie Walker Windsor 

C. C. Stokes Rocky Mount 

Clyde 0. Robinson, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF REGISTRATION FOR 
PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS AND LAND SURVEYORS 

1921, c. 1, s. 3; C. S. 6055(d) ; G. S. 89-3 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Arvin Page, Chairman Winston-Salem 

John D. Watson, Vice-Chairman Greensboro 

Robert B. Rice, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

George S. Rowlins Charlotte 

Vacancy 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF LAW EXAMINERS 

1933, c. 210, s. 10; c. 331; 1935, cc. 33, 61; 1941, c. 344, s. 6; 

G. S. 84-24 

Composition: Seven members elected by the Council of the 
N. C. State Bar. 

Kingsland Van Winkle, Chairman Asheville 

George B. Greene Kinston 

Zeb V. Norman Plymouth 

L. T. Hartsell, Jr Concord 

Buxton Midyette Jackson 

Thomas H. Leath Rockingham 

Arch K. Schoch High Point 

Edward L. Cannon, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA LIBRARY CERTIFICATION BOARD 

1955, c. 505; G. S. 125-9 

Composition: Four members consisting of State Librarian, the 
Dean of the School of Library Science of the University of North 
Carolina, President N. C. Library Association and one librarian 
appointed by the Executive Board of the North Carolina Library 
Association. 



324 North Carolina Manual 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Hughey, State Librarian and 

Pi-esident of N. C. Library Association Raleigh 

Carlyle Frarey, School of Library Science, 

The University of North Carolina Secretary Chapel Hill 

Elizabeth Copeland Greenville 



STATE BOARD OF MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev. s. 4492; Code, s. .3123; 1858-9, c. 258, ss. 3, 4; Extra 
Session 1921, c. 44, s. 1 ; C. S. 6606; G. S. 90-2 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the North Carolina 
Medical Society. 

Dr. Edwin A. Rasberry, Jr., President Wilson 

Dr. Joseph J. Combs, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Dr. L. Randolph Doffermyre Dunn 

Dr. J. B. Anderson Asheville 

Dr. Carl V. Tyner Leaksville 

Dr. Thomas G. Thurston Salisbury 

Dr. Thomas W. Baker Charlotte 



NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF NURSE REGISTRATION 
AND NURSING EDUCATION 

(For Professional Nurses) 

1917, c. 17; 1925, c. 87; 1931, c. 56; 1953, c. 1199; 
C. S. 6729; G. S. 90-158 

Composition: Nine members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. Priscilla D. Ballance, R. N., Chairman Rocky Mount 

Dr. Louten R. Hedgpeth, Vice Chairman Lumberton 

Mrs. Eloise R. Lewis, R. N., Secretary Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Bessie P. Burgess, R. N Durham 

Joyce Warren, R. N Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Lillian D. James, R. N Hamlet 

Dr. J. Gilmer Mebane Rutherf ordton 

J. Grayson Brothers Morganton 

John Lockhart Mount Airy 

Vivian M. Culver, R. N., Executive Secretary Raleigh 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 325 

NOKTH CAROLINA BOARD OF NURSF REGISTRATION 
AND NURSING EDUCATION ENLARGED 

(For Practical Nurses) 

1947, c. 1091; 1953, c. 1199; 1955, c. 1266; G. S. 90-171.1 

Composition: Twelve members appointed by the Governor. 

Mrs. Priscilla D. Ballance, R. N., Chairman Rocky Mount 

Dr. Louten R. Hedgpeth, Vice Chairman Lumberton 

Mrs. Eloise R. Levi^is, R.N., Secretary Chapel Hill 

Mrs. Bessie P. Burgess, R. N Durham 

Joyce Warren, R. N Winston-Salem 

Mrs. Lillian D. James, R.N Hamlet 

Dr. J. Gilmer Mebane Rutherfordton 

J. Grayson Brothers Morganton 

John Lockhart Mount Airy 

Mrs. Lura K. Davis, L. P. N Waynesville 

Mrs. Mae Adams Beard, L. P. N Goldsboro 

Mrs. Dorothy E. Woods, L. P. N Durham 

Vivian M. Culver, R. N., Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF OPTICIANS 

1951, c. 1089; G. S. 90-238 
Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Frank McBryde, President Fayetteville 

H. L. Ridgeway, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

William Fluharty Asheville 

Jack Southerland High Point 

Everette Stamper Greensboro 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
EXAMINERS IN OPTOMETRY 

1909, c. 444, s. 3; 1915, c. 21, s. 1; 1935, c. 63; 
C. S. 6689; G. S. 90-116 
Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. John T. High, President Rocky Mount 

Dr. Kenneth W. Ramsey, Secretary Marion 

Dr. James S. Bailey Charlotte 

Dr. C. Ray Lawrence Boone 

T^v. John D. Costabile Wilson 



326 North Carolina Manual 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF 
OSTEOPATHIC EXAMINATION AND REGISTRATION 

1907, c. 764, s. 1 ; 1913, c. 92, s. 1 ; 1937, c. 301, s. 1 ; 
C. S. 6701; G. S. 90-130 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. Richard C. Baker, President Rockingham 

Dr. Joseph H. Huff, Secretary-Treasurer Burlington 

Dr. S. D. Foster Asheville 

Dr. Guy T. Funk Winston-Salem 

Dr. Walter C. Eldrett Hendersonville 

NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY 
Rev. s. 4473; 1905, c. 108, ss. 5, 7; C. S. 6652; G. S. 90-55 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Roger A. McDuffie, President Greensboro 

Robert N. Watson, Vice-President Sanford 

Frank W. Day vault Lenoir 

W. Moss Salley, Jr Asheville 

N. O. McDowell, Jr Scotland Neck 

H. C. McAllister, Secretary-Treasurer Chapel Hill 

STATE EXAMINING COMMITTEE OF 
PHYSICAL THERAPISTS 

1951, c. 1131; G. S. 90-257 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Ann M. Parrish, Chairman Raleigh 

Edith M. Vail, Secretary-Treasurer Winston-Salem 

Dr. G. Erick Bell Wilson 

Olive V. Wortman Salisbury 

Rachel Nunley Chapel Hill 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 327 

STATE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF 
PLUMBING AND HEATING CONTRACTORS 

1931, c. 52, s. 1 ; 1933, c. 57 ; 1939, c. 224, s. 1 ; G. S. 87-16 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

L. L. Vaughn, Chairman Raleigh 

J. M. Lee, Ji\, Vice-Chairman Durham 

J. M. Jarrett, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

H. G. Baity Chapel Hill 

Finley Lee Kinston 

R. H. Haley Charlotte 

W. H. Sullivan, Jr Greensboro 

W. F. Morrison, Executive Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA REAL ESTATE LICENSING BOARD 
1957. c. 744; G. S. 93A-3 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Kenneth R. Smith, Chairman Raleigh 

D. Russell Foster, Vice-Chairman Kinston 

Peter W. Hairston Mocksville 

J. Bart Hall Belmont 

Henry V. Koontz High Point 

Joseph F. Schweidler, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

STATE BOARD OF REFRIGERATION EXAMINERS 

1955, c. 912; G. S. 87-52 

Composition: Seven members appointed by the Governor. 

C. V. Stevens, Chairman Salisbury 

P. B. Mayo, Secretary Asheville 

Walter H. Jones, Treasurer Raleigh 

K. P. Hanson Raleigh 

Emil T. Chanlett Chapel Hill 

G. A. Brickie Wilmington 

John C. Lumsden Raleigh 

James A. Dean, Executive Secretary Raleigh 



328 North Cakomna Manual 

STATE IJOAHD OV SANITARIAN EXAMINERS 

1959, c. 1271; G. S. 90A-2 

Composition: Nine members. Three ex-officio and six appointed 
by the Governor. 

Robert W. Brown, Secretary Asheville 

Dr. J. W. R. Norton, ex-officio Raleigh 

J. M. Jarrett, ex-officio Raleigh 

Dr. E. G. McGavran, ex-officio Chapel Hill 

James N. Fulk Roxboro 

Walter C. Lackey Murf reesboro 

Dr. Fred C. Pegg Winston-Salem 

Marley M. Melvin Raleigh 

E. R. Spruill Wilkesboro 

NORTH CAROLINA STRUCTURAL REST CONTROL 

COMMISSION 

1955, c. 1017; G. S. 106-65.23 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Clyde F. Smith, Chairman Raleigh 

J. A. Harris Raleigh 

T. M. Gunn Charlotte 

D. L. Goforth Greensboro 

.John L. Reitzel, Secretary Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF 
VETERINARY MEDICAL EXAMINERS 

Rev., s. 5432; 1903, c. 503, s. 2; C. S. 6755; G. S. 90-180 

Composition: Five members appointed by the Governor. 

Dr. J. C. Bateman, President Greenville 

Dr. J. I. Cornwell, Secretary-Treasurer Asheville 

Dr. C. B. Randall Kinston 

Dr. F. B. Coates Reidsville 

Dr. J. G. Martin Boone 



Governmental Boards and Commissions 329 



STATE OWNED RAILROADS 

ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD 

Directors: 

Frank C. Williams Roanoke Rapids 

John M. Belk Charlotte 

Arthur L. Tyler Rocky Mount 

George Akers Moore, Jr Raleigh 

Leo Brody Kinston 

Hugh G. Swan New Bern 

J. E. Ragan, Jr Oriental 

George R. Wallace Morehead City 

Henry Oetjen Norfolk, Va. 

H. S. Gibbs Morehead City 

Harold Maxwell New Bern 

George W. Ipock Ernul 

Officers: 

George Akers Moore, Jr., President Raleigh 

G. Paul LaRoque, Secretary-Treasurer Kinston 

NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD 

Directors : 

Ralph H. Scott Haw River 

L. R. Martin Raleigh 

W. Trent Ragland, Jr Raleigh 

Van Wyck Webb Raleigh 

John M. Morehead New York, N. Y. 

Eugene Shaw Greensboro 

Stacy Budd Sanford 

Fielding L. Fry Greensboro 

N. K. Dickerson, Jr Monroe 



330 North Carolina Manual 

Hubert Hanes, Jr Winston-Salem 

Smith Richardson, Sr New York, N. Y. 

Charles Brady Salisbury 

Officers: 

John M. Morehead, President New York, N. Y. 

Van Wyck Webb, Vice-President Raleigh 

Edwin S. Pou, Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

J. G. Brinkley, Assistant Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh 

Harley B. Gaston, Attorney Belmont 

Charles Heath, Expert Shelby 



PART VI 
LEGISLATIVE 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF 
NORTH CAROLINA— SESSION 1961 

Officers and Members of the Senate 

UFFICERS 

H. Cloyd Philpott.-- President Lexington 

W. Lunsford Crew President pro tem Roanoke Rapids 

S. Ray Byerly Principal Clerk -Sanford 

Engene Simmons Reading Clerk Tarboro 

Brooks W. Poole Sergeant-at-Arms Raleigh 

SENATORS 

(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name District Party Address 

Alford, Dallas L., Jr Sixth Democrat Rocky Mount 

Aydlett, N. Elton First Democrat Elizabeth City 

Banzet, Frank Third Democrat VVarrenton 

Bell. J. Spencer Twentieth Democrat Matthews 

Brock, B. C Twenty-fourth Republican.. Mocksville 

Burrow, Sam J., Jr Twelfth Democrat Asheboro 

Clark, Edward B Tenth Democrat Elizabethtown 

Clayton, Tom L Thirty-second Democrat Sylya 

Cook, Dr. Dennis S Twenty -eighth Democrat Lenoir 

Crew, W. Lunsford Fourth Democrat Roanoke Rapids 

Currie, Claude Fourteenth Democrat Durham 

Davis, Archie K Twenty-second Democrat Winston-Salem 

Eagles, J. C, Jr Sixth Democrat Wilson 

Eubank, W. M Ninth Democrat Hampstead 

Forsyth, W. Frank Thirty third Democrat Murphy 

Gentry, J. W Twenty-third Democrat King 

Hamilton, Luther, Sr Seventh Democrat Morehead City 

Hancock, Wills Fourteenth Democrat . Oxford 

Holloweli, Seth. B Eighth Democrat Goldsboro 

Hoyle. J. W Thirteenth Democrat Sanford 

Humber. Robert Lee Fifth Democrat Greenville 

Humphrey, Hubert Seventeenth Democrat Greensboro 

Johnson. Jimmy V Twenty-fifth Democrat Statesville 

Jordan. John R., Jr Thirteenth Democrat ...Raleigh 

Kesler. John C Twenty-first Democrat Salisbury 

King. Jennings G Eighteenth Democrat Laurinburg 

McGeachy, N. Hector, Jr Tenth Democrat Fayetteville 

Midgett, P. D., Jr ...Second Democrat Engelhard 

Moore, Cutlar Eleventh Democrat ..Lumberton 

Morgan, Robert F Twenty-seventh Democrat Shelby 

Rhyne, Miles Twenty-sixth Democrat Gastonia 

Roberts, Clyde M Thirtieth Republican Marshall 

Royall, T. F Nineteenth Democrat Wadesboro 

Rutledge, J. Carlyle Twenty-first Democrat Kannapolis 

Scott. Ralph H Sixteenth Democrat Haw River 

Shelton. Henry G Fourth Democrat Speed 

Shuford, William B Twenty-fifth Democrat Hickory 

Stikeleather, James G., Jr Thirty-first .Democrat Asheville 

Stone, T. Clarence Fifteenth Democrat Stoneville 

Snmner. Benjamin H Twenty-seventh Democrat Spindale 

Thomas. J. Benton Twelfth Democrat Raeford 

Thomas, J. Max Nineteenth Democrat Marshville 

Van Landingham, R. F Eighteenth Democrat Thoraasville 

Warren, Lindsay C Second Democrat Washington 

Warren, Stewart B Ninth Democrat .Clinton 

White, Thomas J Seventh Democrat.. Kinston 

Whitley, Adam J., Jr Eighth Democrat Smithfield 

Whitmire, Boyce A Thirty-second... Democrat Hendersonville 

Winkler, (iordon H Twenty-ninth Democrat Boone 

Winslow, J. Emmett First Democrat Hertford 

333 



334 North Carolina Manual 

senators 

Arranged by Districts 
(Dpnuicrats unless ntliprwise indicated) 

District Name Address 

1st— N. Klton Aydlett Elizabeth City 

1st— J. Emmett Winslow Hertford 

2nd— P. 1). Midgett, Jr Engelhard 

2nd — Lindsay C. Warren Washington 

3rd— Frank Banzet Warrenton 

4th — W. Lunsford Crew Roanoke Rapids 

4th — Henry G. Shelton Speed 

5th — Robert Lee Humber _. Greenville 

Gth — Dallas L. Alford, Jr Rocky Mount 

0th— J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson 

7th — Luther Hamilton, Sr Morehead City 

7th — Thomas J. White Kinston 

8th— Seth B. HoUowell Goldsboro 

8th— Adam J. Whitley, Jr Smithfield 

ilth — W. M. Eubank Hampstead 

9th— Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

10th— Edward B. Clark Elizabethtown 

lUth — N . Hector McGeachy, Jr. _ Fayette\nlle 

1 1th — Cutlar Moore Lumberton 

12th — Sam J. Burrow, Jr Asheboro 

12th — J. Benton Thomas Raeford 

13th— J. W. Hoyle Sanford 

1.3th — John R. Jordan, Jr Raleigh 

1 4th — Claude Currie Durham 

14th— Wills Hancock Oxford 

15th — T. Clarence Stone Stoneville 

16th— Ralph H. Scott Haw River 

17th — Hubert Humphrey Greensboro 

18th— Jennings G. King Laurinburg 

18th — R. F. Van Landingham Thomasville 

19th— T. F. Rovall Wadesboro 

19th— J. Max Thomas Marshville 

20th— J. Spencer Bell Matthews 

2 1st— John C. Kesler Salisbury 

21st— J. Carlyle Rutledge Kannapolis 

22nd — Archie K. Davis Winston-Salem 

23rd— J. W. Gentry King 

24th— B. C. Brock (R) Mocksville 

25th — Jimmv V. Johnson Statesville 

25th— William B. Shuford Hickory 

26th— Miles Rhyne Gastonia 

27th— Robert F. Morgan Shelby 

27th — Benjamin H. Sumner Spindale 

28th— Dr. Dennis S. Cook Lenoir 

29th— Gordon H. Winkler Boone 

.30th -Clyde M. Roberts (R) Marshall 

31st — James G. Stikeleather, Jr Asheville 

32nd— Tom L. Clayton Sylva 

32nd — Bovce A. Whitmire Henderson ville 

33rd— W. Frank Forsyth Murphy 



Senate 335 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES 
OF THE SENATE 

1961 

SENATE RULES, SESSION 1961 

Order of Business 

Rule 1. Convening hour. — The President shall take the chair at 
the hour fixed by the Senate upon adjournment on the preceding- 
legislative day, and shall call the members to order. In case the 
Senate adjourned on the preceding legislative day without having 
fixed the hour of reconvening, the Senate shall reconvene on the 
next legislative day at 12:00 o'clock noon. [1, 75] 

Rule 2. Opening the session. — The President shall, upon order 
being obtained, have the sessions of the Senate opened with 
prayer. [2] 

Rule 3. Convening in absence of President. — In the absence of 
the President, the President pro tempore shall reconvene the 
Senate and preside, and during such time shall be vested with all 
powers of the President except that of casting a vote in case of tie 
when he shall have voted as a Senator. And in the event of the 
absence of the President and President pro tempore at any time 
fixed for the reconvening of the Senate, the Principal Clerk of the 
Senate, or in his absence also, some member of the Senate Com- 
mittee on Rules, shall call the Senate to order and designate some 
member to act as President. [3] 

Rule 4. Quorum. — (a) A quorum consists of a majority of all 
the qualified members of the Senate. [New] 

(b) When a lesser number than a quorum convene, the Senators 
present may send the doorkeeper or any other person, for any or 
all absent Senators, as a majority of the Senators present deter- 
mine. [73] 

Rule 5. Approval of .Journal. — After the prayer, and upon ap- 
pearance of a quorum, the President shall cause the Journal of 
the preceding day to be read and approved, unless the Chairman 
of the Committee on Journal or some member of the Senate by 
motion sustained by a majority of the members present, have the 
reading thereof dispensed with and the same approved as written. 
[4] 



336 North Carolina Manual 

Rule 6. Order of Business. — After approval of the Journal, the 
order of business shall be as follows: 

(1) Reports of standing committees. 

(2) Reports of select committees. 

(3) Introduction of bills, petitions, and resolutions. 

(4) Messages from the House of Representatives. 

(5) Unfinished business of preceding day. 

(6) Special Orders. 

(7) General Orders — First, local bills on third reading roll call, 
then local bills on second reading roll call. After that the viva voce 
second reading local calendar in numerical order, taking up the 
Senate bills in first order. After disposition of the local calendar, 
the public calendar of bills will be considered in the same order, 
that is: 

(a) Third reading roll call bills. 

(b) Second reading roll call bills. 

(c) Second reading bills to be considered viva voce, with Senate 
bills taking precedence in order over House bills. 

But Messages from the Governor and House of Representatives 
and communications and reports from State officers and reports 
from the Committee on Engrossed and Enrolled Bills may be re- 
ceived and acted on under any order of business. [20] 

Conduct of Debate 

Rule 7. President to maintain order. — The President shall have 
general direction of the Hall of the Senate, and in case of any 
disturbance or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobbies, he 
shall have the power to order the same cleared. [9] 

Rule 8. Substitution for president. — The President shall have the 
right to call on any member to perform the duties of the Chair, 
but substitution shall not extend beyond one day. [10] 

Rule 9. Points of order. — (a) The President shall preserve order 
and decorum and proceed with the business of the Senate accord- 
ing to the rules adopted. He shall decide all questions of order, 
subject to an appeal to the Senate by any member, on which appeal 
no member shall speak more than once unless by leave of the 
Senate. A two-thirds vote of the members present is necessary to 
sustain any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. [5] 



Senate 337 

(b) In the event the Senate Rules do not provide for, or cover 
any point of order raised by any Senator, the rules of the United 
States House of Representatives shall govern. [76] 

(c) When a Senator is called to order he shall take his seat until 
the President determines whether he was in order or not; if decided 
to be out of order, he shall not proceed without the permission of 
the Senate; and every question of order shall be decided by the 
President, subject to an appeal to the Senate by any Senator; and 
if a Senator is called to order for words spoken, the words ex- 
cepted to shall be immediately taken down in writing, that the 
President or Senate may be better able to judge of the matter. [38] 

Rule 10. Debating and voting by Lieutenant Governor. — The 

Lieutenant Governor, as President of the Senate, being a Consti- 
tutional Officer shall not have the right to debate any question or 
to address the Senate upon any proposition unless by permission 
of the majority of members present, and shall have the right to 
vote only when there is a tie vote upon any question or election. 
[11] 

Rule 11. Obtaining recognition. — When any Senator is about to 
speak in debate or deliver any matter to the Senate, he shall rise 
from his seat and respectfully address the President. No member 
shall speak until recognized by the President, and when two or 
more members rise at the same time, the President shall name the 
member to speak. [35, 36] 

Rule 12. Recognition for extending courtesies. — The President 
of the Senate, in the interest of orderly procedure and in order 
properly to expedite the business of the Senate, may refuse to 
recognize any member for the purpose of extending the courtesies 
of the floor, lobbies or galleries to any one or group during any 
particular order of business, but shall recognize such member for 
said purpose at the close of such order of business, if he then 
desires recognition. [16] 

Rule 13. Limitations on individual debate. — No Senator shall 
speak or debate more than twice nor longer than thirty minutes 
on the same day on the same subject without leave of the Senate. 
[39] 

Rule 14. Priority of business. — All questions relating to priority 
of business shall be decided without debate. [60] 



338 North Carolina Manual 

Kule 15. Heading of papers. — When the reading of a paper, other 
than a petition, is called for, and any Senator objects to the 
reading, the question shall be determined by the Senate without 
debate. [61] 

Rule 16. General decorum. — (a) Senators and visitors shall un- 
cover their heads upon entering the Senate Chamber while the 
Senate is in session and shall continue uncovered during their con- 
tinuance in the Chamber. [43] 

(b) No remark reflecting .personally upon the action of any 
Senator shall be in order in debate unless preceded by a motion 
or resolution of censure. [37] 

(c) When the President is putting a question, or a division by 
counting is in progress, no Senator shall walk out of or across the 
Chamber, nor when a Senator is speaking, pass between him and 
the President. [40] 

(d) When a motion to adjourn or for recess is affirmatively 
determined, no member or officer shall leave his place until ad- 
journment or recess is declared by the President. [42] 

(e) Smoking shall not be allowed on the floor or galleries of the 
Senate during sessions: Provided that smoking may be permitted 
in the side lobbies and in the lobby in the rear of the President's 
desk. [18] 

Motions 

Rule 17. Motions generally. — All motions shall be reduced to 
writing, if desired by the President or a Senator, delivered at the 
table, and read by the President or Reading Clerk before the 
same are debated; but any motion may be withdrawn by the intro- 
ducer at any time before decision or amendment. [52] 

Rule 18. Motions — Order of precedence. — When a question is 
before the Senate no motion shall be received except those herein 
specified, which motions shall have precedence as follows, viz.: 

(1 ) To adjourn. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 

(7) To commit to a select committee. 

(8) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. [55] 



Senate 339 

Rule 19. Motions to adjourn and to lay on the table. — The 

motions to adjourn and to lay on the table shall be decided with- 
out debate, and the motion to adjourn shall always be in order 
when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. [58] 

Rule 20. Motions to postpone to certain day and to commit. — 

The respective motions to postpone to a certain day, or to com- 
mit, shall preclude debate on the main question. [59] 

Rule 21. Action when previous question pending. — When a mo- 
tion for the previous question is made and is pending-, debate 
shall cease. After a motion for the previous question is made, pend- 
ing- a second thereto, any member may give notice that he desires 
to ofl'er an amendment to the bill or other matter under considera- 
tion; and after the previous question is seconded such member shall 
be entitled to off'er his amendment in pursuance of such notice. 
[57] 

Rule 22. Motion for previous question. — The previous question 
shall be as follows: "Shall the main question be now put?" and 
until it is decided shall preclude all amendments and debate. If this 
question is decided in the affirmative, the "main question" shall 
be on the passage of the bill, resolution, or other matter under 
consideration; but when amendments are pending, the question 
shall be taken upon such amendments in their inverse order, with- 
out further debate or amendment: Provided, that no one shall move 
the previous question except the member submitting the report 
on the bill or other matter under consideration, and the member 
introducing the bill or other matter under consideration or the 
member in charge of the measure, who shall be designated by the 
chairman of the committee reporting the same to the Senate at the 
time the bill or other matter under consideration is reported to the 
Senate or taken up for consideration. [56] 

Rule 23. Motion to reconsider. — When a question has been once 
put and decided, any Senator who voted in the majority may move 
to reconsideration thereof: but no motion for the reconsideration 
of any vote shall be in order after the bill, resolution, message, 
report, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was taken 
has gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor shall any mo- 
tion for reconsideration be in order unless made on the same day 
or in the next following legislative day on which the vote proposed 
to be reconsidered took place, unless the motion is made by the 
Committee on Enrolled Bills for verbal or grammatical errors 'n 



340 North Carolina Manual 

the bills, when the motion may be made at any time. Provided that 
when the next Legislative day has by motion of the Senate, been 
restricted as to matters which may be considered, a motion to re- 
consider shall be in order on the next succeeding day upon which 
regular business is conducted. No question shall be reconsidered 
more than once. [72] 

Voting 

Rule 24. Putting question; division. — All questions for a vote 
shall be put as follows: "Those in favor say 'Aye,' and after the 
affirmative vote is expressed — "Opposed 'No'." After which the 
President will announce the result. If a decision on any vote is 
desired, it must be called for immediately before the result of the 
voting is announced on any question, and upon such call, the Presi- 
dent shall require the members to stand and be counted for and 
against any proposition under consideration. [6] 

Rule 25. Voting by ayes and noes. — The ayes and noes may be 
called for on any question before the vote is taken, and if the 
call is sustained by one-fifth of the Senators present, the roll of 
the Senate shall be called and the ayes and noes taken, and the 
same shall be entered upon the Journal. If a Senator desires the 
ayes and noes recorded on any question, he shall address the 
Chair and obtain recognition and say, "Upon that vote or question 
I call for the ayes and noes." Whereupon the President shall say, 
"Is the call sustained?" If one-fifth of the members present then 
stand the roll is called and the ayes and noes recorded. If less than 
one-fifth present stands, the Chair announces, "An insufficient 
number up" and a viva voce vote is then taken. [7] 

Rule 26. Dividing question. — If any question contains several 
distinct propositions, it shall be divided by the President, at the 
request of any Senator, provided each subdivision, if left to itself, 
forms a substantive proposition. [8] 

Rule 27. Duty to vote. — Every Senator who is within the bar 
of the Senate when the question is stated by the chair shall vote 
thereon, unless he is excused by the Senate or unless he is directly 
interested in the question; and the bar of the Senate shall in- 
clude the entire Senate chamber. [41] 

Rule 28. Excuse from voting. — Any Senator requesting to be 
excused from voting may take, either immediately before or after 



Senate 341 

the vote has been called fov and before the result has been an- 
nounced, a brief statement of the reasons for making- such request, 
and the question shall then be taken without debate. [62] 
Rule 29. Explanation of vote. — Any Senator may explain his 
vote on any bill pending by obtaining permission of the President 
before the vote is put: Provided, that not more than three minutes 
shall be consumed in such explanation. [62] 

Committees 

Kule 30. Appointment of Committees. — The President of the 
Senate, unless he has by lav^^ disqualified himself from that office, 
shall have the exclusive right and authority to appoint all Com- 
mittees, regular or special, but he may delegrate said authority in 
any instance, as he may choose. [12] 

Rule 31. List of standing committees. — The following commit- 
tees shall be named by the President of the Senate: 

1. Agriculture 

2. Appropriations 

3. Banking 

4. Congressional Redistricting 

5. Conservation and Development 

6. Constitution 

7. Counties, Cities and Towns 

8. Courts and Judicial Districts 

9. Education 

10. Election Laws and Legislative Representation 

11. Finance 

12. Higher Education 

13. Insurance 

14. Interstate and Federal Relations 

15. Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling, Printing 

16. Judiciary No. 1 

17. Judiciary No. 2 

18. Local Government 

l(t. Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

20. Mental Institutions 

21. Penal Institutions 

22. Propositions and Grievances 

23. Public Health 

24. Public Roads 



342 North Carolina Manual 

25. Public Utilities 

26. Public Welfare 

27. Retirement, Employment Security 

28. Rules 

29. Salaries and Fees 

30. State Government 

31. University Trustees 

32. Veterans and Military Affairs 

33. Wildlife " [28] 

Rule 32. Notice of committee meetings. — Public notice of all 
committee meetings shall be given in the Senate. The required 
notice may be w^aived as to any meeting by the attendance at 
that meeting of all of the members of the committee, or by per- 
sonal waiver. 

Rule 33. Membership of committees; quorum. — Membership on 
standing committees shall consist of not more than sixteen Sena- 
tors, including the Chairman and Vice Chairman who shall be 
designated by the President, Provided the committee membership 
on the Committee on Education, the Committee on Appropriations, 
the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Agriculture, the 
Committee on Roads, and the Committee on University Trustees 
shall not be limited as to membership but shall be left to the dis- 
cretion of the Lieutenant Governor. No Senator shall hold member- 
ship on more than nine standing committees unless the Rules 
Committee provides otherwise. A quorum of any committee shall 
consist of a majority of the committee. [30, 33] 

Rule 34. .Joint committees. The Committee on Trustees of the 
Greater University and the Committee on Journal, Engrossing, En- 
rolling and Printing shall act as the joint committees for the 
Senate. [29] 

Rule 35. Voting in joint sessions. — When any Senate Committee 
sits jointly with the House Committee, the Senate Committee re- 
serves the right to vote separately from the House Committee. 
[29 1/2] 

Rule 36. Final action to be in open session. — Notwithstanding the 
inherent right of any committee or subcommittee to hold execu- 
tive sessions, no committee or subcommittee shall take any final 
action on any measure or thing before it except in open session. 
[30 1/2] 



Senate 343 

Handling- of Bills 

Rule 37. Construction of rules. — All provisions of these rules 
applying to bills shall apply also to resolutions, unless the con- 
text requires otherwise. [New] 

Rule 38. Introduction of bills, (a) Form of bills. Bills submitted 
for introduction shall be in the form prescribed by the Joint Com- 
mittee on Printing. When a bill which is introduced is not in the 
prescribed form, the Principal Clerk shall cause the bill to be re- 
typed in the prescribed form, and the re-typed copy shall become 
the official copy of the bill for all purposes. The original bill shall 
then be returned to the introducer of the bill and shall not become 
a part of the records or documents of the Senate. 

(b) When a public bill is introduced, fifteen duplicate copies 
thereof shall accompany the bill, and seven duplicate copies shall 
accompany a local bill. 

(c) Public bills. Whenever a public bill is introduced, the Read- 
ing Clerk shall stamp one of the duplicate copies with the number 
stamped upon the original bill. The Principal Clerk shall deliver 
the duplicate copy of the bill to the agency designated by the 
Joint Committee on Printing and shall cause 400 copies thereof 
to be reproduced. Upon delivery of the reproduced copies the 
Principal Clerk shall cause the Chief Page to have one copy 
thereof put upon the desk of each member, and shall retain the 
other copies in his office. A sufficient number of the copies for the 
use of the committee to which the bill is referred shall be de- 
livered by the Chief Page to the Chairman or Clerk of that Com- 
mittee. If the bill is passed, the remaining copies shall be delivered 
by the Chief Page to the Principal Clerk for the use of the House. 
The cost of reproducing the bills shall be paid from the contingent 
fund of the Senate. 

(d) Local bills. Additional copies of local bills shall be repro- 
duced only at the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing. 
When that Committee directs that a local bill shall be printed, 
the procedure shall be the same as for public bills. 

Rule 39. Presenting papers to Senate. — Every bill, resolution, 
petition, or memorial presented to the Senate shall contain on the 
outside cover the title of the document and the name of the Sena- 
tor or Senators presenting it. All bills, resolutions, petitions, and 
memorials shall be delivered to the Principal Clerk who shall hand 



344 North Carolina Manual 

them to the President to be referred. The President shall announce 
the titles and references of the documents, and this miormaiion 
shall be entered on the Journal. [47] 

Rule 40. Deadline on introduction of certain bills. — All bills pre- 
pared to be introduced by departments, agencies or institutions of 
the State must be introduced in the Senate not later than April 
10th of the session. All local bills must be introduced not later than 
April 1 of the session. A bill may be introduced by consent at any 
time during the session. [32, 46] 

Rule 41. References of appropriations and finance bills. — All bills 
introduced in the Senate providing for appropriations from the 
State or any subdivision thereof, shall, before being considered by 
the Senate be referred to the committee on Appropriations, and 
bills referred to other committees carrying any such provisions 
shall be re-referred to the Senate as being bills to be considered 
by the Appropriations Committee before proper action may be 
taken by the Senate. All bills introduced in the Senate providing 
for bond issues, levying taxes, or in any manner affecting the 
taxing power of the State or any subdivision thereof, shall before 
being considered by the Senate, be referred to the Committee on 
Finance, and bills referred to other committees carrying any such 
provisions shall be re-referred to the Senate as being bills to be 
considered by the Finance Committee before proper action may be 
taken by the Senate. [32] 

Rule 42. First reading: reference to committee.— All bills shall 
be read by their titles, which reading shall constitute the first 
reading of the bills, and unless otherwise disposed of shall be re- 
ferred to the proper committee. [46] 

Rule 43. Bills to receive three readings. — Every bill shall receive 
three readings previous to its being passed, and the President shall 
give notice at each whether it be the first, second, or third. After 
the first reading, unless a motion is made by some Senator, the 
President shall refer the bill to an appropriate committee. No bill 
shall be amended until it has been twice read. [54] 

Rule 44. Reports of Committees. — Every Senator presenting a 
report of a committee shall endorse the report with the name of 
the committee and, in case of a minority report, with the names 
of the members making the report. Every report of the committee 
upon a bill or resolution which is not considered at the time of 
making the report, or laid on the table by a vote of the Senate, 



Senate 345 

shall stand upon the general orders with the bill or resolution; and 
the report of the committee shall show that a majority of the 
committee were present and voted. [47, 33] 

Rule 45. Unfavorable report by committee. — (a) All bills re- 
ported unfavorably by the committee to which they were referred, 
and having- no minority report, shall lie upon the table, but may be 
taken from the table, and placed upon the calendar by a two-thirds 
vote of those present and voting. [68] 

(b) When a bill is reported by a committee with an unfavorable 
report, but accompanied by a minority report, the minority report 
shall be placed on the calendar and considered the following day, 
and the question before the Senate shall be "The adoption of the 
Minority Report" and if failing to be adopted by a majority vote, 
the bill shall be placed upon the unfavorable calendar. Before a 
minority report can be considered by the Senate, it must be signed 
by at least three (3) members of the committee who were present 
and who voted on the bill when the bill was considered in the 
committee. [52a] 

Rule 46. Recall of bill from committee. — When a bill has been 
introduced and referred to a committee, if after ten days the com- 
mittee has failed to report thereon, then the author of the 
bill may, after three day's public notice given in the Senate, on 
motion supported by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present 
and voting, recall the bill from the committee to the floor of the 
Senate for consideration and such action thereon as a majority 
of the Senators present may direct. [51, 67] 

Rule 47. Calendar; order to be followed. — The President and the 
Principal Clerk of the Senate shall see that all bills are acted 
upon by the Senate in the order in which they stand upon the 
calendar, unless otherwise ordered as hereinafter provided. The 
calendar shall include the numbers and titles of bills and joint 
resolutions which have passed the House of Representatives and 
have been received by the Senate for concurrence. [22] 

Rule 48. Considering bills out of regular order. — Except as pro- 
vided in Rule 49, any bill or other matter may be taken up out of 
order upon order of the President or upon motion sustained by 
a majority of the membership present and voting. [21] 

Rule 49. Third reading requirements.— No bill on its third read- 
ing shall be acted on out of the regular order in which it stands on 
the Calendar, and no bill shall be acted upon on its third reading 



346 North Carolina Manual 

the same day on which it passed its second reading unless so 
ordered by two-thirds of the Senators present. [63] 

Rule 50. Special oi-ders. — Any bill or other matter may be made 
a special order for a particular day or hour by a vote of the 
majority of the Senators voting, and if it shall not be completed 
on that day, it shall be returned to its place on the Calendar, 
unless it is made a special order for another day; and when a 
special order is under consideration it shall take precedence of 
any special order or subsequent order for the day, but such subse- 
quent order may be taken up immediately after the previous 
special order has been disposed of. [53] 

Rule 51. Procedure when necessary number of Senators not 
present. — If, on taking the question on a bill, it appears that a 
constitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill requires a vote 
of certain proportion of all the Senators to pass it, and it appears 
that such number is not present, the bill shall be again read and 
the question taken thereon; if the bill fails a second time for the 
want of the necessary number being present and voting, the bill 
shall not be finally lost, but shall be returned to the calendar in its 
proper order. [70] 

Rule 52. Effect of defeated bill. — After a bill has been tabled 
or has failed to pass on any of its readings, the contents of such 
bill or the principal provisions of its subject-matter shall not be 
embodied in any other measure. Upon the point of order being 
raised and sustained by the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon 
the table, and shall not be taken therefrom except by a vote of 
two-thirds of the qualified membership of the Senate; Provided, 
no local bill shall be held by the Chair as embodying the provisions, 
or being identical with any State-wide measure which has been 
laid upon the table or failed to pass any of its readings. [49, 69] 

Rule 53. Taking bill from table. — No bill which has been laid 
upon the table upon motion shall be taken therefrom except by 
a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. [65] 

Rule 54. Amending titles of bills. — When a bill is materially 
modified or the scope of its application extended or deceased, or 
if the county or counties to which it applies is changed, the title 
of the bill shall be changed by the Senator introducing the bill or 
by the committee having it in charge, or by the Principal Clerk, 
so as to indicate the full purport of the bill as amended and the 
county or counties to which it applies. [48] 



Senate 347 

Rule 55. Conference committees. — Whenever the Senate declines 
or refuses to concur in amendments put by the House to a bill 
originating in the Senate, or refuses to adopt a substitute adopted 
by the House for a bill originating in the Senate, a conference 
committee shall be appointed upon motion made, consisting of the 
number named in the motion; and the bill under consideration shall 
thereupon go to and be considered by the joint conferees on the 
part of the Senate and House. In considering matters in difference 
between the Senate and House committed to the conferees only 
such matters as are in difference between the two houses shall 
be considered by the conferees, and the conference report shall deal 
only with such matters. The conference report shall not be 
amended. Except as herein set out, the rules of the United States 
House of Representatives shall govern the appointment, conduct, 
and reports of the conferees. [71] 

Rule 56. Engrossment of bills. — The Committee on Engrossed 
Bills shall examine all bills, amendments, and resolutions before 
they go out of the possession of the Senate, and make a I'eport 
when they find them correctly engrossed: Provided, that when a 
bill is typewritten and has no interlineations therein, and has 
passed the Senate without amendment, it shall be sent to the 
House without engrossment, unless otherwise ordered. [31] 

Rule 57. Certification of passage of bills. — The Principal Clerk 
shall certify the passage of bills by the Senate, with the date 
thereof, together with the fact whether passed by vote of three- 
fifths or two-thirds of the Senate, whenever such vote may be 
required by the Constitution or laws of the State. [23] 

Rule 58. Transmittal of bills to House. — No bill shall be sent 
from the Senate on the day of its passage except on the last day 
of the session, unless otherwise ordered by a vote of two-thirds of 
the Senators present. [64] 

Legislative Officers and Employees 

Rule 59. Doorkeepers, pages, and laborers. — The President shall 
appoint doorkeepers and pages, and such laborers as may be neces- 
sary, and shall assign to them their duties during sessions, and 
when not in session they shall be under the direction of the Prin- 
cipal Clerk and Sergeant-at-Arms, to perform such duties as are 
necessary and proper to the conduct of the Senate. [14] 



348 North Carolina Manual 

Rule 60. Duties of pages. — The pages of the Senate shall be re- 
sponsible to and under the direction of the President at all times 
when the Senate is in session, and shall not exceed fourteen in 
number. They shall report to the Principal Clerk at other times 
to be assigned such duties as he may direct and shall be under his 
supervision. [19] 

Rule 61. Principal Clerk responsible for engrossing office. — The 

office of the Engrossing Clerk is discontinued, and the duties of 
that officer as heretofore performed by the Engrossing Clerk shall 
devolve upon the Principal Clerk, who is charged with the responsi- 
bility therefor. [25] 

Rule 62. Committee Clerks. — (a) The President of the Senate 
and the Principal Clerk shall appoint seventeen clerks who shall 
be stenographers to serve as Committee Clerks. The President of 
the Senate and the Principal Clerk may appoint additional clerks 
upon the recommendation of the Rules Committee. [34] 

(b) All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the 
direct duties connected with the committee to which they are as- 
signed, shall report to the Principal Clerk of the Senate and, in 
order to expedite the work of the Senate, shall perform such 
clerical or stenographic work as may be assigned to them. [27] 

Rule 63. Principal Clerk to prepare Journal. — The Principal 
Clerk shall cause the Journal of the Senate to be typewritten in 
duplicate, original and carbon, the original to be deposited in the 
office of the Secretary of State as the record, and the other (car- 
bon) copy to be delivered to the State Printer. [26] 

Rule 64. Principal Clerk to order supplies. — All necessary sup- 
plies and stationery for the Senate, its various offices and commit- 
tees of the Senate shall be purchased upon requisition of the 
Principal Clerk with the approval of the President of the Senate. 
[24] 

General Rules 

Rule 65. President to sign papers.- — All acts, addresses and reso- 
lutions, and all warrants and subpoenas issued by order of the 
Senate shall be signed by the President. [13] 

Rule 66. Privileges of floor. — No person except members of the 
Senate, members of the House of Representatives, clerks of the 
General Assembly, judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts, 
State Officers, former members of the General Assembly and per- 



Senate 349 

sons particularly invited and extended the privileges of the floor 
by the President shall be admitted to the floor of the Senate during 
its sessions : Provided, that no person except members of the House 
of Representatives and officers of the General Assembly shall be 
allowed on the floor of the Senate or in the lobby in the rear of the 
President's desk, unless permitted by the President of the Senate; 
Provided further, no Registered Lobbyist shall be admitted to the 
floor or any of the lobbies of the Senate w^hile the Senate is in 
session. [15] 

Rule 67. Admittance of press. — The President may assign such 
space or place on the floor of the Senate as he deems proper to 
Reporters desiring to take the proceedings of the sessions, pro- 
vided such does not interfere with members of the Senate and its 
officers and clerks in the performance of their duties. [17] 

Rule 68, Absence without leave. — No Senator or officer of the 
Senate shall depart the service of the Senate without leave, or re- 
ceive pay as a Senator or officer for the time he is absent without 
leave. [44] 

Rule 69. Placing matter on Senator's desks. — No papers, writ- 
ings, pamphlets, or printed matter shall be placed on the desks of 
the Senators or distributed in the Senate Chamber without ap- 
proval of the Principal Clerk. [74] 

Rule 70. Alteration, suspension or rescission of rules. — No rule 
of the Senate shall be altered, suspended, or rescinded except on a 
two-thirds vote of the Senators present. [66] 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 

SESSION 1961 

Committee on Agriculture 

Senators: Shelton, Chairman; Brock, Vice-Chairman; Han- 
cock, V ice-Chair ynan; Alford, Davis, Eubank, Gentry, HoUowell, 
Humber, Jordan, Moore, Morgan, Scott, Thomas of Hoke, Warren 
of Sampson, Whitley, Winkler, Winslow. 

Committee on Appropriations 

Senators: Stikeleather, Chairman; Davis, Vice-Chairman; 
Jordan, Vice-Chairman ; Aydlett, Banzet, Bell, Brock, Clark, Clay- 



350 North Carolina Manual 

ton, Crew, Gentry, Hollowell, Humber, Humphrey, Rhyne, Royall, 
Rutledge, Scott, Shelton, Shuford, Stone, Van Landingham, War- 
ren of Beaufort, White, Winkler, Winslow. 

Committee on Banking 

Senators: Aydlett, Chairman; Rhyne, Vice-Chairman; Bur- 
row, Crew, Currie, Davis, Eagles, Gentry, Forsyth, King, Midgett, 
Moore, Stikeleather, Stone, Thomas of Hoke, Winkler. 

Committee on Congressional Districts 

Senators: Morgan, Chairman; Shuford, Vice-Chairman; War- 
ren of Beaufort, V ice-Chairman; Clark, Currie, Forsyth, Jordan, 
Kesler, Shelton, Stone, Van Landingham, Warren of Sampson. 

Committee on Conservation and Development 

Senators: Davis, Chairman; Morgan, Vice-Chairman; Rut- 
ledge, Vice -Chairman; Clark, Clayton, Eubank, Forsyth, Gentry, 
Johnson, Rhyne, Sumner, Thomas of Hoke, Warren of Beaufort, 
White, Whitmire, Winslow. 

Committee on Constitution 

Senators: Jordan, Chairman; Kesler, Vice-Chainnan; Warren 
of Beaufort, V ice-Chairman; Aydlett, Banzet, Bell, Cook, Currie, 
Hamilton, Humber, King, Van Landingham. White, Whitmire. 

Committee on Counties, Cities and Towns 

Senators: King, Chairman; Eubank, Vice -Chairman; Clayton, 
Cook, Hamilton, Hoyle. Royall. Shuford. Thomas of Hoke, Thomas 
of Union. 

Committee on Courts and Judicial Districts 

Senators: Kesler, Chairman; Aydlett, V ice-Chairman; Hum- 
phrey, Vice-Chairman; Banzet, Bell, Brock, Clark, Crew, Davis, 
Hamilton, Humber, McGeachy, Scott. Thomas of Union, Warren 
of Beaufort, White. 

Committee on Education 

Senators: Scott, Chairman; Whitmire, Vice-Chairman; Van 
Landingham, Vice-Chairman; Alford, Burrow, Brock, Davis, Eu- 
bank, Gentry, Hamilton, Humber, Humphrey, McGeachy, Midgett, 
Moore. Morgan. Rutledge, Shuford, Whitley. 



Senate 351 

Committee on Election Laws and Legislative Representation 

Senators: Currie, Chairman; Shuford, Vice-Chairman; War- 
ren of Sampson, Vice-Chairman; Bell, Eubank, Hoyle, Humphrey, 
McGeachy, Stone, Sumner, Van Landingham, Warren of Beau- 
fort, Whitmire. 

Committee on Finance 

Senators: White, Chairman; Currie, V ice-Chairman ; Forsyth, 
Vice-Chainnan; Alford, Burrow, Cook, Eagles, Eubank, Hamilton, 
Hancock, Hoyle, Johnson, Kesler, King, McGeachy, Midgett, Moore, 
Morgan, Roberts, Stikeleather, Sumner, Thomas of Hoke, Thomas 
of Union, Warren of Sampson, Whitley, Whitmire. 

Committee on Higher Education 

Senators: Humber, Chairman; Stone, Vice-Chairman; Ayd- 
lett, Bell, Clayton, Crew, Davis, Humphrey, Rhyne, Shelton, Sum- 
ner. 

Committee on Insurance 

Senators: Humphrey, Chairman; Burrow, V ice-Chairman; 
Alford, Aydlett, Clayton, Eagles, Gentry, Hancock, Hoyle, John- 
son, Rhyne, Shuford, Stikeleather, Thomas of Union. 

Committee on Interstate and Federal Relations 

Senators: Hoyle, Chairman; Royall, Vice-Chairman; Banzet, 
Eubank, Hollowell, Midgett, Rhyne, Warren of Sampson, Whit- 
mire. 

Committee on Journal, Engrossing, Enrolling and Printing 

Senators: Winkler, Chairman; Whitley, Vice-Chairman; Ban- 
zet, Bell, Roberts, Royall. 

Committee on Judiciary No. I 

Senators: Bell, Chairman; McGeachy, Vice-Chairman; Ayd- 
lett, Brock, Crew, Hamilton, Hancock, Hoyle, Humphrey, Jordan, 
Rutledge, Warren of Sampson, Whitmire. 

Committee on Judiciary No. II 

Senators: Clark, Chairman; Banzet, Vice-Chairman; Currie, 
Eagles, Humber, Kesler, King, Roberts, Thomas of Union, Van 
Landingham, Warren of Beaufort, White. 



352 North Carolina Manual 

Committee on Local Government 

Senators: Alford, Chairman; Winkler, Vice-Chair-man; Ban- 
zet, Hancock, Hollowell, Humbei-, McGeachy, Rhyne, Roberts, Van 
Landingham. 

Committee on Manufacturing, Labor, and Commerce 

Senators: Thomas of Union, Chairman; Winslow, Vice-Chair- 
tnan; Burrow, Cook, Forsyth, Kesler, Rhyne. Rutledge, Scott, 
Shuford, Sumner, Thomas of Hoke. 

Committee on Mental Institutions 

Senators: Stone, Chairman; Midgett, Vice-Chainnan; Bur- 
row, Eagles, Gentry, Hollowell, Roberts, Royall, Stikeleather, 
Thomas of Hoke, White. 

Committee on Penal Institutions 

Senators: Burrow, Chairman; Hamilton, Vice-Chair'man; 
Alford, Aydlett, Brock, Cook, Davis, Johnson, McGeachy, Scott, 
Van Landingham, Whitley. 

Committee on Propositions and Grievances 

Senators: Thomas of Hoke, Chairman; Hamilton, Vice-Chair- 
man; Brock, Forsyth, Moore, Shelton, Shuford, Stikeleather, Whit- 
ley, Winslow. 

Committee on Public Health 

Senators: Cook, Chairman; Hollowell, Vice-Chairmayi; Eu- 
bank, Gentry, Hoyle, King, Midgett, Royall, Warren of Sampson, 
Winkler. 

Committee on Public Roads 

Senators: Moore, Chairman; Eagles, Vice -Chairman; John- 
son, Vice-Chairman ; Brock, Crew, Hancock, Jordan, Morgan, 
Royall, Rutledge, Shelton, Stikeleather, Stone, Sumner, Warren 
of Beaufort, Warren of Sampson, Winslow, Whitmire. 

Committee on Public Utilities 

Senators: Sumner, Chairman; Crew, Vice-Chairma7i ; Clay- 
ton, Eubank, Johnson, Jordan, Kesler, King, Midgett, Scott, Whit- 
mire. 



Senate 353 



Committee on Public Welfare 

Senators: Kutledge, Chairman; Gentry, V ice-Chainnan ; Al- 
ford, Banzet, Clark, Cook, Hancock, Hollowell, Hoyle, Johnson, 
King, Morgan, Winkler. 

Committee on Retirement, Employment Security 

Senators: Winslow, Chairrrmii; Roberts, Vice-Chairman; 
Hamilton, Hoyle, McGeachy, Midgett, Royall, Rutledge, Rhyne, 
Warren of Sampson, Whitley, Winkler. 

Committee on Rules 

Senators: Crew, Chairman; Aydlett, Bell, Clark, Currie, 
Eagles, Kesler, Moore, Morgan, Scott, Shelton, Stikeleather, Sum- 
ner, Thomas of Union, White. 

Committee on Salaries and Fees 

Senators: Forsyth, Chairman; Alford, Burrow, Hollowell, 
King, Thomas of Union, Winkler. 

Committee on State Government 

Senators: Eagles, Chaii-man; Currie, V ice-Chairman; Bell, 
Brock, Clark, Clayton, Cook, Crew, Humphrey, Jordan, Moore, 
Morgan, Van Landingham. 

Committee on University Trustees 

Senators: Shuford, Chairman; Thomas of Hoke, Vice-Chair- 
man; Scott, Vice-Chairinan ; Clark, Currie, Davis, Eagles, Forsyth, 
Humber, Humphrey, Johnson, Jordan, Kesler, McGeachy, Roberts, 
Rutledge, Shelton, Stone, Sumner, Warren of Beaufoi't, Winslow, 
Whitley. 

Committee on Veterans and Military Affairs 

Senators: Hancock, Chairman; Alford, V ice-Chairman; Ban- 
zet, Burrow, Clayton, Johnson, Roberts, Thomas of Union. 

Committee on Wildlife 

Senators: Whitley, Chairman; Clayton, V ice-Chairman; Cook, 
Forsyth, Hancock, Hollowell, Midgett, Roberts, Shelton, Stike- 
leather, White, Winslow. 



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Senate 355 



SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1961 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATE 

(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name County Address Seat 

1st— .\. Elton Aydlett Pasquotank Elizabeth City 7 

1st — J. Emmett Winslow Perquimans Hertford 6 

2ud-P. D. Midgett, Jr Hyde Engelhard 30 

2nd — Lindsay C. W'arren Beaufort Washington 10 

3rd — Frank Banzet Warren Warrenton 37 

4tli — W. Lunsford Crew HaHfax Roanoke Rapids 21 

4th — Henry G. Shelton Edgecombe Speed 22 

5th — Robert Lee Humber Pitt Greenville 33 

6th— Dallas L. Allord, Jr Nash Rocky Mount 12 

6th— J. C. Eagles, Jr Wilson Wilson 23 

7th — Luther Hamilton, Sr. Carteret Morehead City 20 

7th — Thomas J. White _-— Lenoir Kinston 3 

8th— SethB. Holloweli Wayne Goldsboro 29 

8th— Adam J. Whitley, Jr Johnston Smithfield 28 

9th— W. M. Eubank Pender Hampstead 48 

9th — Stewart B. Warren Sampson Clinton 47 

10th— Edward B. Clark Bladen Elizabethtown 42 

10th — N. Hector McGeachy, Jr Cumberland Fayetteville 41 

nth — Cutlar Moore Robeson Lumberton 17 

12th — Sam J. Burrow, Jr Randolph Asheboro 25 

12th— J. Benton Thomas Hoke .._.-:: Raeford 4 

13th- J. W. Hovle Lee Sanford 46 

13th— John R. Jordan, Jr Wake Raleigh 19 

14th — Claude Currie Durham Durham 5 

14th— Wills Hancock _. Granville Oxford. 8 

15th — T. Clarence Stone Rockingham Stoneville 27 

16th — Ralph H. Scott Alamance Haw River 18 

17th — Hubert Humphrey.. Guilford Greensboro 38 

18th— Jennings G. King Scotland Laurinburg 34 

18th — R. F. Van Landingham Davidson Thomasville 35 

19th— T. F. Rovall Anson Wadesboro 31 

19th— J. Max Thomas -- Union MarshviOe 32 

2^1— J. Spencer Bell Mecklenburg Matthews 11 

21st — John C. Kesler Rowan Salisbury 2 

21st — J. Carlyle Rutledge Cabarrus Kannapolis 15 

22nd — Archie K. Davis Forsyth Winston-Salem 14 

23rd— J. W. Gentry Stokes King 36 

24th— B. C. Brock (R) Davie Mocksville 40 

25th — Jiramv V'. Johnson Iredell Statesville 43 

25th— William B. Shuford Catawba Hickory 24 

26th — Miles Rhvne ^ Gaston Gastonia 50 

27th— Robert F. Morgan Cleveland Shelby 16 

27th — Benjamin H. Sumner Rutherford Spindale 13 

28th— Dr. Dennis S. Cook Caldwell Lenoir 26 

29th — Gordon H. Winkler Watauga Boone 45 

30th— Clyde M. Roberts (R) Madison Marshall 44 

31st — James G. Stikeleather, Jr Buncombe Asheville 1 

32nd— Tom L. Clayton ....Jackson Sylva 49 

32nd — Boyce A. Whitmire Henderson Hendersonville 39 

33rd — W. Frank Forsyth Cherokee Murphy 9 



356 North Carolina Manual 

Officers and Members of the House of Representatives 

OFFICERS 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Speaker Greeusboro 

Mrs. Annie K. Cooper Prmcipal Clerk . Raleigh 

W. J. Arthur Readint; Clerk Chapel Hill 

Joseph H. Warren .Sergeant-at-Arms Prospect Hill 

REPRESENTATIVES 

(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name County Party Address 

Andrews, Ike F. Chatham Democrat.-. Siler City 

Arledge, J. Tharston Polk Democrat .-..Tryon 

Barbe.". Allen C Nash Democrat Spring Hope 

Beu, Irrt'ia Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Ball, D. G.- Carteret Democrat Morehead City 

Bhe, ri. CUfton Moore Democrat Aberdeen 

Boger, John R., Jr Cabarrus Democrat Concord 

Bras .veil, Roland C Wayne Democrat Goldsboro 

Britt, David M Robeson Democrat Fairmont 

Brjjis, Ejgene C, III Durham Democrat Durham 

Byrum, Albsrt G Chowan Democrat Edenton 

Calder, Robert E New Hanover Democrat Wilmington 

Choate, A. Vance Alleghany Democrat Sparta 

Coates, Roy C Johnston Democrat t'mithfield 

Coffey, Murray Watauga Republican Blowmg Rock 

Cohoon, Wm. Charles Tyrrell Democrat Columbia 

Cook, Mrs. W. N Macon Republican Franklin 

Courtney, Danny M Caldwell Democrat Lenoir 

Craivt'ord, I. C Buncombe Democrat AsheviUe 

Davis, James C. Rowan Democrat China Grove 

Davis. Dr. Rachel Darden, III. Lenoir Democrat Kinston 

Delamar, Ned Pamlico Democrat Oriental 

Dolley, Steve, Jr Gaston Democrat Gastonia 

Drummond, Dan L Forsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Eagles, Joe E. Edgecombe Democrat Macclesfield 

Efird, Hovlef. Gaston Democrat ' Gastoma 

Everett, Clifton W Pitt Democrat Bethel 

Fearing, M. Keith, Jr Dare Democrat Manteo 

Felmet, Jack Haywood Democrat WaynesviUe 

Ferrell, C. D. Pasquotank Democrat Ehzabeth City 

Fletcher. Mrs. Tressie Pierce.. .Alexander Republican Taylorsville 

Frink, S. Bunn ..Brunswick Democrat Southport 

Galifianakis, Nick Durham Democrat Durham 

Garner, C. Roby Randolph Republican Asheboro 

♦Gobble F. L. ._ Forsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Godwin,' Philip P Gates Democrat Gatesdlle 

Green, James C Bladen Democrat . ...Clarkton 

Greenwood, Gordon H Buncombe Democrat Black Mountain 

Gregorv, Carson Harnett Democrat . Angier 

Gregory, Thorne Hahfax Democrat Scotland Neck 

Griggs, Walton S Currituck Democrat Point Harbor 

Harding, F. D. B Yadkin Republican \adkmville 

Hardy, Herbert Greene Democrat „-^^''"''-^' 

Hargett, John M Jones Democrat „ ,"t°!' 

Harris, W. C, Jr Wake Democrat --R.aleis" 

Harriss, Clyde H Rowan Democrat Salisbury 

Hawfield, S. Glenn Union Democrat Monroe 

Henley, John T Cumberland Democrat Hope Mills 

Hicks, Ernest L Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Hi'Th L. Sneed Cumberland Democrat layetteville 

Hill, J. Henry, Jr Catawba Democrat Hickory 

Hines, Stedman H Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Holcombe, Harlon Yancey Democrat Burnsville 



*Died March 1, 1961. Succeeded by Claude M. Hamriek of Winston-Salem. 



House of Representatives 357 

iluiit, Joseph M., Jr Guilford Democrat Greensboro 

Isaac, Mack.._ Avery Republican Newland 

Jackson, Roger R., Jr Hertford Democrat Harrellsville 

Johnson, Hugh S., Jr Duplin Democrat Rose Hill 

Jones, Austin Ashe Democrat West Jefferson 

Jordan. John Y., Jr Buncombe Democrat Asheville 

Kemp,Ed Guilford Democrat High Point 

Kennedy, John P., Jr Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Kerr, John, .Ir Warren Democrat , Warrenton 

Kiser, Roger C Scotland . Democrat Laurinburg 

Lane, Archie T., Sr Perquimans Democrat Hertford 

Leatherman, C. E Lincoln Democrat Lincolnton 

Leatherwood, Robert, III Swain Democrat - Bryson City 

Lloyd, Leonard W Graham .__ .Democrat L__Robbinsville 

Lupton, W. J Hyde Democrat Swan Quarter 

Martin, L. P., Jr Davie Democrat Mocksville 

McFadyen, N. L Hoke Democrat Raeford 

McLaughlin, John R Iredell Democrat Statesville 

McMillan, A. A Wake Democrat - Raleigh 

McMillan, R. D., Jr Robeson ..Democrat - Red Springs 

McPherson, Callis L Camden Democrat South Mills 

Murphy, Ashley M Pender Democrat . Atkinson 

Newman, Tom Sampson Democrat Clinton 

Nicholson, N. Palmer Richmond Democrat Mt. Gilead 

Osteen, William L Guilford Republican Greensboro 

Owens, HoUis M., Jr Rutherford Democrat - Rutherfordton 

Palmer, Jack, Jr Cleveland Democrat Shelby 

Peel, Elbert S., Jr Martin Democrat Williamston 

'Phelps, Dr. J. M Washington Democrat Creswell 

Pickard, M. Glenn Alamance Democrat Burlington 

Potts, Jack H Transylvania Democrat Brevard 

Quinn, Dwight W Cabarrus Democrat Kannapolis 

Ramsey, Liston B Madison Democrat Marshall 

Randall, John T Henderson.. Republican Hendersonville 

Reid, William G Surry Democrat Pilot Mountain 

Riggs, Zennie L Onslow Democrat Jacksonville 

Rodenbough, Mrs. Grace T Stokes Democrat Walnut Cove 

Satterfield. B. I Person Democrat Tiniberiake 

Sermons, Wayland J Beaufort Democrat Washington 

Simpson, Dan R Burke Republican Morganton 

Slagle, .lack Mitchell Republican Spruce Pine 

Snyder, J. Eugene Davidson Republican Le.xington 

Speed. .lames D Franklin Democrat Lousiburg 

Spruill. C. Wayland Bertie Democrat Windsor 

Story. T. E Wilkes Republican Wilkesboro 

Taylor. H. P., Jr Anson Democrat Wadesboro 

Thomas, C. Blake Johnston Democrat Smithfield 

Thornburg, Lacy H Jackson Democrat Sylva 

Umstead, John W., Jr Orange Democrat Chapel Hill 

Va'.ighn, Earl W Rockingham Democrat Draper 

Vogler, James B Mecklenburg Democrat Charlotte 

Wall, W. W McDowell Democrat Marion 

VVallace, J. Paul Montgomery Democrat Troy 

Watkins, Joe A Granville Democrat Oxford 

West, Herman H Cherokee Republican Marble 

West, Wayne G Clay Republican Warne 

Whitehurst, Sam L Craven Democrat New Bern 

Whitley, Clyde H Stanly Republican Albemarle 

Wicker, J. Shelton Lee Democrat Sanford 

Williamson, Arthur W Columbus Democrat Cerro Gordo 

Wilson, Edward H Caswell Democrat Blanche 

Womble, W. Brantley Wake Democrat .Xary 

Wood, William Z Forsyth Democrat Winston-Salem 

Woodard. J. Raynor Xortliarapton Democrat Conway 

Woodard, Thomas H Wilson Democrat Wilson 

Wooten. Frank M.. Jr Pitt Democrat Greenville 

ZollicofTer, A . A., Jr Vance Democrat Henderson 

*Died March 26, 1961. Succeeded by Mrs. J. M. Phelps of Creswell. 



358 North Carolina Manual 

REPRESENTATIVES 
Arranged by Counties 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

County Name Address 

Alamance M. Glenn Pickard Burlington 

Alexander Mrs. Tressie Pierce Fletcher. (R) Taylorsviile 

Alleghany A. Vance Choate Sparta 

Anson H. P. Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 

Ashe Austin Jones West Jefferson 

Avery Mack Isaac (R) Newland 

Beaufort Wayland J. Sermons Washington 

Bertie C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 

Bladen James C. Green Clarkton 

Brmiswick S. Bunn Frink Southport 

Buncombe I. C. Crawford Asheville 

Gordon H. Greenwood Black Mountain 

John Y. Jordan, ,Ir Asheville 

Burke Dan R. Simpson (R) Morganton 

Cabarrus John R. Boger. Jr Concord 

Dwight W. (juinn Kannapolis 

Caldwell Dannv M. Courtney Lenoir 

Camden Callis L. McPherson South Mills 

Carteret D. G. Bell Morehead City 

Casvell Edward H. Wilson Blanche 

Catawba J. Henry Hill, Jr Hickory 

Chaiham Ike F. Andrews Siler City 

Cherokee Herman H. West (R) Marble 

Chowan Albert G. Byrum Edenton 

Clay Wayne G. West (R) Warne 

Cleveland Jack Palmer, Jr Shelby 

Columbus Arthur W. Williamson Cerro Gordo 

Craven Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 

Cumberland John T. Henley Hope Mills 

L. Sneed High Fayetteville 

Currituck Walton S. Griggs Point Harbor 

Dare M. Keith Fearing, Jr Manteo 

Davidson J. Eugene Snyder (R) Lexington 

Davie L. P. Martin, Jr Mocksville 

Duplin Hugh S. Johnson, Jr Rose Hill 

Durham Eugene C. Brooks, III Durham 

Nick Galifianakis Durham 

Edgecombe Joe E. Eagles Macclesfield 

Forsyth _ _ _ _- Dan L. Drummond Winston-Salem 

*F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 

William Z. Wood Winston-Salem 

Franklin James D. Speed Louisburg 

Gaston Steve DoUev, Jr Gastonia 

1^ Hoyle T. Efird Gastonia 

Gates Philip P. Godwin Gatesville 

Graham Leonard W. Lloyd Robbinsville 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 

Greene Herbert Hardy Maury 

Guilford Stedman H. Hines Greensboro 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro 

Ed Kemp High Point 

William L. Osteen (R) Greensboro 

Halifax Thorne Gregory Scotland Neck 

Harnett Carson Gregory Angier 

Haywood Jack Felmet Waynesville 

Henderson John T. Randall (R) Hendersonvdle 

Hertford Roger R. Jackson, Jr Harrellsvdle 

Hoke N. L. McFadyen Raeford 

Hyde W. J. Lupton Swan Quarter 

Iredell John R. McLaughlin Statesville 



*Died March 1, 1961. Succeeded by Claude M. Hamrick of Winston-Salem. 



House of Representatives 359 

Jackson Lacy H. Thornburg Sylva 

Johnston -- Roy C. Ooates Smithfield 

('. Blake Thomas Smithfield 

Jones John M. Hargett Trenton 

Lee J- Shelton Wicker Sanford 

Lenoir Dr. Rachel Darden Davis, III Kinston 

Lincohi __ . C. E. Leatherman Lincolnton 

Macon Mrs. W. N. Cook (R) Franklin 

Madison - Liston B. Ramsey ' Marshall 

Martin _ _ _ - Elbert S. Peel, Jr WiUiamston 

McDowell W. W. Wall Marion 

Mecklenbnrs - -- Irwin Belk .Charlotte 

Ernest L. Hicks Charlotte 

John P. Kennedy, Jr Charlotte 

James B. Vogler Charlotte 

Mitchell Jack Slagle (R) Spruce Pine 

Montgomery : J. Paul Wallace Troy 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 

Nash - Allen C. Barbee Spring Hope 

New Hanover Robert E. Calder Wilmington 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conway 

Onslow Zennie L. Riggs , Jacksonville 

Orange John W. Uinstead, Jr Chapel Hill 

Pamlico Ned Delamar Oriental 

Pasquotank C. D. Ferrell Elizabeth City 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 

Perquimans Archie T. Lane, Sr Hertford 

Person __ _- B. I. Satterfield Timberlake 

Pitt Clifton W. Everett Bethel 

Frank M. Wooten, Jr Greenville 

Polk J. Thurston Arledge Tryon 

Randolph C. Roby Garner (R) Asheboro 

Richmond N. Palmer Nicholson Mt. Gilead 

Robeson David M. Britt Fairmont 

R. D. McMillan, Jr Red Springs 

Rockingham Earl W. Vaughn Draper 

Rowan James C. Davis China Grove 

Clyde H. Harriss Salisbury 

Rutherford Hollis M. Owens, Jr Rutherfordton 

Sampson Tom Newman Clinton 

Scotland Roger C. Kiser Laurinburg 

Stanly Clyde H. Whitley (R) Albemarle 

Stokes Mrs. Grace T. Rodenbough Walnut Cove 

Surry William G. Reid Pilot Mountain 

Swain _ _ Robert Leatherwood, III Bryson City 

Transylvania Jack H. Potts Brevard 

Tyrrell Wm. Charles Cohoon Columbia 

Union S. Glenn Hawfield Monroe 

Vance - A. A. Zollicoffer, Jr Henderson 

Wake W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh 

A. A. McMillan Raleigh 

W. Brantley Womble Cary 

Warren - John Kerr, Jr Warrenton 

Washington *Dr. J. M. Phelps Creswell 

Watauga Murrav Coffey (R) Blowing Rock 

Wayne Roland C. Braswell : Goldsboro 

Wilkes - ----- T. E.Story (R) Wilkesboro 

Wilson---- Thomas H. Woodard Wilson 

Yadkin ! F. D. B. Harding (R) Yadkinvilie 

Yancey Harlon Holcombe BurnsviUe 

ENROLLING AND INDEXING DEPARTMENTS 

Enrolling Clerk L. M. Chaff in Lillington 

Indexer of Laws .James H. Walker Raleigh 



*Died March 26, 1961. Succeeded by Mrs. J. M. Phelfs of Creswell. 



360 North Carolina Manual 

RULES AND STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1961 

Rules of the House 

1. Order of Business 

2. Conduct of Debate 

3. Motions 

4. The Previous Question 

5. Voting 

6. Committees 

7. Handling of Bills 

8. Legislative Officers and Employees 

9. Privileges of the Hall 
10. General Rules 

Rule 1. Convening Hour. The House shall convene each legisla- 
tive day at the hour fixed by the House on the preceding legislative 
day; in case the House adjourned on the preceding legislative day 
without having fixed an hour for reconvening, the House shall re- 
convene on the next legislative day at twelve o'clock noon. 

Rule 2. Opening the Session. At the convening hour on each 
legislative day the Speaker shall call the members to order, and 
shall have the session opened with prayer. 

Rule 3. Quorum, (a) A quorum consists of a majority of the 
qualified members of the House. 

(b) On the point of no quorum being raised, the doors shall be 
closed and the Clerk shall call the roll of the House, after which 
the names of the absentees shall again be called over. Fifteen 
members, including the Speaker, are authorized to compel the 
attendance of absent members, and may order that absentees for 
whom no sufficient excuses are made shall be taken into custody 
as they appear, or wherever they may be found by special mes- 
senger appointed for that purpose. 

Rule 4. Approval of Journal. The Committee on the Journal 
shall examine daily the Journal of the House before the hour of 
convening to determine if the proceedings of the previous day have 
been correctly recorded. 



House op Representatives 361 

Immediately following the opening prayer and upon appearance 
of a quorum, the Speaker shall call for the report of the Committee 
on the Journal as to whether or not the proceedings of the previous 
day have been correctly recorded; the Speaker shall then cause 
the Journal to be approved. Without objection, the Journal shall 
stand approved. 

Rule 5. Order of Business of the Day. After the approval of 
the Journal of the preceding day, the House shall proceed to busi- 
ness in the following order: 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials and papers addressed 
to the General Assembly or to the House. 

(2) Reports of standing committees. 

(3) Reports of select committees. 

(4) Introduction of Resolutions. 

(5) Introduction of Bills. 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day. 

(7) Bills, resolutions, petitions, memorials, messages, and other 
papers on the Calendar in their exact numerical order, unless dis- 
placed by the orders of the day; but messages, and motions to 
elect officers shall always be in order. 

(8) Reading of Notices and Announcements. 

Conduct of Debate 

Rule 6. Duties and Powers of Speaker, (a) The Speaker shall 
have general direction of the Hall. He may name any member to 
perform the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not extend 
beyond one day, except in case of sickness or by leave of the House. 

(b) In the event the Speaker, by reason of physical or mental 
incapacity, is unable to name a member to perform the duties of 
the Chair, the chairman or vice-chairman of the Rules Committee 
shall open the session, and the House shall thereupon proceed to 
elect one of their members as Speaker pro tempore, who shall 
perform all of the duties of the Speaker until such time as the 
Speaker may assume the Chair or name another member to per- 
form the duties of the Chair. 

Rule 7. Obtaining Floor, (a) When any member desires recog- 
nition for any purpose, he shall rise from his seat and respect- 
fully address the Speaker. No member shall proceed until recog- 
nized by the Speaker. 



362 North Carolina Manual 

(b) When a member desires to interrupt a member having the 
floor, he shall first obtain recognition by the Speaker and permis- 
sion of the member occupying the floor, and when so recognized 
and such permission is obtained, he may propound a question to the 
member occupying the floor, but he shall not propound a series of 
interrogatories or otherwise interrupt the member having the 
floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point of order being 
raised, enforce this rule. 

Rule 8. Questions of Personal Privilege. At any time, upon 
recognition by the Speaker, any member may arise to speak to a 
question of personal privilege, and upon objection to his proceed- 
ing, the Speaker shall determine if the question is one of privilege. 

Rule 9. Points of Order, (a) The Speaker shall decide ques- 
tions of order and may speak to points of order in preference to 
other members, rising from his seat for that purpose. Any member 
may appeal from the ruling of the Chair on questions of order; 
on such appeal no member may speak more than once, unless by 
leave of the House. A % vote of the members present shall be 
necessary to sustain any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

(b) When the Speaker calls a member to order, the member 
shall take his seat, A member called to order may clear a matter 
of fact, or explain, but shall not proceed in debate so long as the 
decision stands. If the member appeals from the ruling of the 
Chair and the decision be in favor of the member called to order, 
he may proceed; if otherwise, he shall not; and if the case, in the 
judgment of the House require it, he shall be liable to censure by 
the House. 

Rule 10. Limitations on Debate. No member shall speak more 
than twice on the main question, nor longer than thirty minutes 
for the first speech and fifteen minutes for the second speech, 
unless allowed to do so by the affirmative vote of a majority of 
the members present; nor shall he speak more than once upon an 
amendment or motion to commit or postpone, and then not longer 
than ten minutes. But the House may, by consent of a majority of 
the members present, suspend the operation of this rule during 
any debate on any particular question before the House, or the 
Committee on Rules may brine in a special rule that shall be 
applicable to the debate on any bill. 



House of Representatives 363 

Rule 11. Reading of papers. When there is a call for the 
reading of a paper which has been read in the House, and there is 
objection to such reading, the question shall be determined by a 
majority vote of the members of the House present. 

Rule 12. General Decorum, (a) The Speaker shall preserve 
order and decorum. 

(b) Decency of speech shall be observed and personal reflection 
carefully avoided. 

(c) While the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing 
the House, no person shall speak, stand up, walk out of or cross 
the House, nor when a member is speaking, entertain private dis- 
course, stand up, or pass between the member and the Chair. 

(d) Smoking shall not be allowed in the halls, lobbies, or the 
galleries while the House is in session; except that smoking may 
be permitted in the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk. 

Motions 

Rule 13. Motions Generally, (a) Every motion shall be reduced 
to writing, if the Speaker or any two members request it. 

(b) When a motion is made it shall be stated by the Speaker, 
or, if written it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by 
the Speaker or Clerk before debate. 

(c) After a motion has been stated by the Speaker or read by 
the Speaker or Clerk it shall be in possession of the House, but 
may be withdrawn before a decision or amendment, except in case 
of a motion to reconsider, with motion, when made by a member, 
shall be in possession of the House, and shall not be withdrawn 
without leave of the House. 

Rule 14. Motions, Order of Precedence, (a) When in order 
and every motion is before the House, the question stands as fol- 
lows: 

Previous question 

To adjourn 

To lay on the table 

To postpone indefinitely 

To postpone to a day certain 

To commit 

To amend an amendment 



364 NoKTH Carolina Manual 

To amend 
To substitute 
To pass the bill 

(b) When a question is under debate, the following motions 
only shall be in order, and they shall have precedence in the 
order in which they stand arranged : 

1. To adjourn 

2. To lay on the table 

3. To postpone indefinitely 

4. To postpone to a day certain 

5. To commit 

6. To amend 

No motion to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to post- 
pone to a day certain, to commit or to amend, being decided, 
shall be again allowed at the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

Rule 15. Motion to Adjourn, (a) A motion to adjourn shall 
be seconded before the motion is put to the vote of the House. 

(b) A motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate, and 
shall always be in order, except when the House is voting or some 
member is speaking; but a motion to adjourn shall not follow a 
motion to adjourn until debate or some other business of the 
House has intervened. 

Rule 16. Motion to Table, (a) A motion to table shall be sec- 
onded before the motion is put to the vote of the House. 

(b) A motion to table shall be decided without debate. 

(c) A motion to table a bill shall constitute a motion to table 
the bill and all amendments thereto. 

(d) A motion to take an amendment sent up from the floor 
shall not be construed as a motion to table the principal bill or 
any other amendment which has been offered thereto, and if such 
motion is carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the table. 

Rule 17. Motion to Reconsider, (a) When a motion has been 
once made and decided in the affirmative or negative, it is in order 
for any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration 
thereof, on the same or succeeding legislative day, unless it may 
have subsequently passed the Senate; Provided, that unless the 



House of Representatives 365 

vote by vv^hich the motion was originally decided was taken by a 
call of the ayes and noes, any member may move to reconsider. 

(b) A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority 
vote, except a motion to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to 
reconsider, which shall require a % vote. 

Rule 18. Motion to Postpone Indefinitely. A motion to post- 
pone indefinitely is always in order except when a motion to 
adjourn or to lay on the table is before the House; however, after 
one motion to postpone indefinitely has been decided, another 
motion to postpone indefinitely shall not be allowed at the same 
stage of the bill or proposition. When a question has been post- 
poned indefinitely, the same shall not be acted on again during 
the session, except upon a % vote. 



The Previous Question 

Rule 19. Previous Question. The previous question may be 
called only by the member submitting the report on the bill or 
other matter under consideration, by the member introducing 
the bill or other matter under consideration, or by the member in 
charge of the measure, who shall be designated by the chairman 
of the committee reporting the same to the House at the time 
the bill or other matter under consideration is reported to the 
House or taken up for consideration. 

Rule 20. Form and Effect of Previous Question, (a) The previ- 
ous question shall be as follows: "Shall the miain question now 
be put?" When the call for the previous question has been de- 
cided in the affirmative by a majority vote of the House, the 
"main question" is on the passage of the bill, resolution or other 
matter under consideration, including all pending amendments. If 
amendments are pending, the question shall be taken upon such 
amendments in inverse order. 

(b) The call for the previous question shall preclude all mo- 
tions, amendments and debate, except the motion to adjourn made 
prior to the determination of the previous question. Should the 
motion to adjourn be made prior to the determination of the 
previous question the House will vote first on the motion to ad- 
journ and then, if the motion to adjourn fails, the members will 
vote on the call for the previous question. 



366 North Carolina Manual 

(c) If the previous question is decided in the negative, the main 
question remains under debate. 

Voting 

Rule 21. Stating Questions, (a) The Speaker shall rise to 
put a question. 

(b) Question shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in favor 
(as the question may be) vi^ill say 'Aye'/' and after the affirmation 
voice has been expressed, "Those opposed will say 'No'." 

(c) Any member may call for a question to be divided into 
two or more propositions to be voted on separately, and the 
Speaker shall determine whether the question admits of such a 
division. 

Rule 22. Determinhiy Questions. Unless otherwise provided 
by the Constitution of North Carolina, all questions shall be 
determined by the members present and voting. 

Rule 23. Voting by Division. Any member may call for a divi- 
sion of the members upon the question before the result of the vote 
has been announced. Upon a call for a division, the Speaker shall 
cause the number voting in the affirmative and in the negative 
to be determined. Upon a division and count of the House on 
any question, no member out of his seat shall be counted. 

Rule 24. Roll Call Vote, (a) Before a question is put, any mem- 
ber may call for the ayes and noes; and if the call is sustained 
by one-fifth of the members present, the question shall be decided 
by the ayes and noes upon a roll call vote, taken alphabetically. 

(b) Every member who is in the hall of the House when the 
question is put shall give his vote upon a call of the ayes and 
noes, unless the House for special reasons shall excuse him, and 
no application to be excused from voting or to explain a vote 
shall be entertained unless made before the call of the roll. The 
hall of the House includes the lobbies and offices connected with 
the hall. 

Rule 25. Voting by Absentees, (a) No member shall vote on 
any question when he was not present when the question was 
put by the Speaker, except by the consent of the House. 



House of Representatives 367 

(b) If any member is necessarily absent on temporary business 
of the House when a vote is taken upon any question, upon enter- 
ing the House he shall be permitted, on request, to vote, pro- 
vided that the result shall not be affected thereby. 

(c) When a member who is present is paired with an absent 
member, he shall, when his name is called on a roll call vote, 
announce the pair, which shall be recorded by the clerk. 

Rule 26. Voting by Speaker. In all elections the Speaker may 
vote. In all other cases he may exercise his right to vote, or he 
may reserve this right until there is a tie; but in no case shall 
he be allowed to vote twice on the same question. 

Committees 

Rule 27. ComTuittees Generally, (a) All committees shall be 
appointed by the Speaker, unless otherwise specially ordered by 
the House. 

(b) Any member may excuse himself from serving on any com- 
mittee if he is a member of two standing committees. 

(c) The Chairman and five other members of any committee 
shall constitute a quorum of that committee for the transaction 
of business. 

(d) In any joint meeting of the Senate and House committees, 
the House Committee may in its discretion reserve the right to 
vote separately. 

Rule 28. Appointment of Standing Committees, (a) At the 
commencement of the session the Speaker shall appoint a stand- 
ing committee on each of the following subjects, namely: 

On Agriculture. 

On Appropriations. 

On Banks and Banking. 

On Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry. 

On Commission and Institutions for the Blind.- 

On Congressional Districts. 

On Conservation and Development. 

On Constitutional Amendments. 

On Corporations. 

On Counties, Cities and Towns. 

On Courts and Judicial Disti-icts. 



368 North Carolina Manual 

On Education. 

On Elections and Election Laws. 

On Employment Security. 

On Engrossed Bills. 

On Expenditures of the House. 

On Federal and Interstate Cooperation. 

On Finance. 

On Health. 

On Higher Education, 

On Institutions for the Deaf. 

On Insurance. 

On Irrigation and Drainage. 

On the Journal. 

On Judiciary No. 1. 

On Judiciary No. 2. 

On Justices of the Peace. 

On Local Government. 

On Manufacturers and Labor. 

On Mental Institutions. 

On Military Affairs. 

On Penal Institutions. 

On Propositions and Grievances. 

On Public Buildings and Grounds. 

On Public Utilities. 

On Public Welfare. 

On Roads and Highway Safety. 

On Rules. 

On Salaries and Fees. 

On Senatorial Districts. 

On State Government. 

On Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement. 

On Veteran's Legislations. 

On Water Resources and Control. 

On Wildlife Resources. 

Joint Committee 

On Enrolled Bills. 

On Library. 

On Printing. 

On Trustees of University. 



House of Representatives 369 

(b) The first member announced on each committee shall be 
chairman, and where the Speaker so desires he may designate a 
co-chairman and one or more vice-chairmen. 

Rule 29. Standing Committee Meetings, (a) Standing commit- 
tees and subcommittees of standing committees shall be furnished 
with suitable meeting places. 

(b) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (c) and (d) of 
this Rule, standing committees and subcommittees thereof shall 
permit other members of the General Assembly, the press, and 
the general public to attend all sessions of said committees 
or subcommittees. 

(c) The chairman or other presiding officer shall have general 
direction of the meeting place of the committee or subcommittee 
and, in case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct therein, 
or if the peace, good order, and proper conduct of the legislative 
business is hindered by any individual or individuals, the chair- 
man or presiding officer shall have power to exclude from the 
session any individual or individuals so hindering the legislative 
business or, if necessary, to order the meeting place cleared of all 
persons not members of the committee or subcommittee. 

(d) Upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the members of 
any standing committee or subcommittee, executive sessions may 
be held, but in no event shall final action be taken in executive 
sessions. 

(e) Procedure in the committees shall be governed by the rules 
of the House, so far as the same may be applicable to such 
procedure. 

Rule 30. Committee Hearings. The Chairmen of all committees 
shall notify, or cause to be notified, the first named introducer 
on such bills as are set for hearing before their respective 
committees as to the date, time and place of such hearing. 

Rule 31. Committee of the Whole House, (a) A Committee of 
the whole House shall not be formed, except by suspension of the 
rules, if there be objection by any member. 

(b) After passage of a motion to form a Committee of the 
Whole House, the Speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside 
in committee, and the Speaker shall leave the Chair. 



370 North Carolina Manual 

(c) The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in 
the Committee of the Whole House, so far as they may be appli- 
cable, except the rule limiting the time of speaking and the 
previous question. 

(d) In the Committee of the Whole House a motion that the 
committee rise shall alwaj's be in order, except when a member 
is speaking, and shall be decided without debate. 

(e) When a bill is submitted to the Committee of the Whole 
House, it shall be read and debated by sections, leaving the pre- 
amble to be last considered. The body of the bill shall not be 
defaced or interlined, but all amendments, noting the page and 
line, shall be duly entered by the Clerk on a separate paper 
as the same shall be agreed to by the committee, and so reported 
to the House. After report, the bill shall again be subject to be 
debated and amended by sections before a question on its passage 
be taken. 

Handling of Bills 

Rule 32. Introduction of Bills and Resolutioyis. Every bill shall 
be introduced in regular order of business, except upon permis- 
sion of the Speaker or on the report of a committee. 

(b) Any member introducing a bill or resolution shall briefly 
endorse thereon the substance of the same. 

Rule 33. Papers Addressed to the House. Petitions, memorials 
and other papers addressed to the House shall be presented by 
the Speaker; a brief statement of the contents thereof may be 
verbally made by the introducer before reference to a committee, 
but such papers shall not be debated or decided on the day of 
their first being read, unless the House shall direct otherwise. 

Rule 34. Introduction of Bills, Copies Required, (a) Whenever 
any resolution or bill is introduced a carbon copy thereof shall be 
attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall cause said carbon 
copy to be numbered as the original resolution or bill is num- 
bered, and shall cause the same to be available at all times to the 
member introducing the same. 

(b) Whenever a public bill is introduced, it shall be in such 
form and have such copies accompanying same as designated by 
the speaker, and any bill submitted without the required 



House of Representatives 371 

number of copies shall be immediately returned to the introducer. 
The Clerk shall stamp the copies with the number stamped upon 
the original bill. 

Rule 35. Duplicating of Bills. The Clerk shall cause such bills 
as are introduced to be duplicated in such numbers as may be 
specified by the speaker. On the morning following the delivery 
of the copies, the Chief Clerk shall cause the Chief Page to have 
one copy thereof put upon the desk of each member and shall 
retain the other copies in his office. A sufficient number of copies 
for the use of the committee to which the bill is referred shall 
be delivered to the chairman or clerk of that committee by the 
Chief Page. If the bill is passed by the House the Chief Clerk 
shall deliver the remaining copies to the Principal Clerk of the 
Senate for the use of the Senate. 

(b) The cost of duplicating shall be paid from the contingent 
fund of the House of Representatives. 

Rule 36. Reference to Committee. Each bill not introduced on 
the report of a committee shall immediately upon its introduction 
be referred by the Speaker to such committee as he deems appro- 
priate. 

Rule 37. Report by Committee. All bills and resolutions shall 
be reported from the committee to which referred, with such 
recommendations as the committee may desire to make. 

(a) Favorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with 
the recommendation that it be passed, the bill shall be placed 
on the favorable calendar. 

(b) Report Without Prejudice. When a committee reports a bill 
without prejudice, the bill shall be placed on the favorable calendar. 

(c) Unfavorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with 
the recommendation that it be not passed, and no minority report 
accompanies it, the bill shall be placed on the unfavorable calendar. 

(d) Minority Report. When a bill is reported by a committee 
with a recommendation that it be not passed, but it is accompanied 
by a minority report signed by at least % of the members of the 
committee who were present and voting when the bill was con- 
sidered in committee, the question before the House shall be: 



372 North Carolina Manual 

"The adoption of the minority report." If the minority report is 
adopted by majority vote the bill shall be placed on the favorable 
calendar for consideration. If the minority report fails of adoption 
by a majority vote, the bill shall be placed on the unfavorable 
calendar. 

Rule 38. Removing BUI from Unfavoyahle Caleyidar. A bill may 
be removed from the unfavorable calendar upon motion carried 
by a 73 vote. A motion to remove a bill from the unfavorable 
calendar is not debatable, but the movant may, before making 
the motion, make a brief and concise statement, not more than five 
minutes in length, of the reasons for the motion. 

Rule 39. Reports on Appropriation and Revenue Bills. All com- 
mittees, other than the Committee on Appropriations, when favor- 
ably reporting any bill which carries an appropriation from the 
State, shall indicate same in the report, and said bill shall be 
referred to the Committee on Appropriations for a further report 
before being acted upon by the House. All committees, other 
than the Committee on Finance, when favorably reporting any 
bill which in any way or manner raises revenue or levies a tax or 
authorizes the issue of bonds, or notes, whether public, public- 
local, or pi'ivate, shall indicate same in the report, and said bill 
shall be referred to the Committee on Finance for a further report 
before being acted upon by the House. 

Rule 40. Recall of Bill from Coynmittee. When a bill has been 
introduced and referred to a committee, if after ten days the 
committee has failed to report thereon, then the introducer of the 
bill or some member designated by him may, after three days' 
public notice given in the House, on motion supported by a vote of 
% of the members present and voting, recall the same from the 
committee to the floor of the House for consideration and such 
action thereon as a majority of the members present may direct. 

Rule 41. Calendars. The Clerk of the House shall keep a sepa- 
rate calendar of the public, local, and private bills, and shall num- 
ber them in the order in which they are introduced, and all bills 
shall be disposed of in the order they stand upon the Calendar; but 
the Committee on Rules may at any time arrange the order of 
precedence in which bills may be considered. 

Rule 42. Readings of Bills, (a) Every bill shall receive three 
readings in the House previous to its passage. The introduction of 



House of Representatives 373 

the bill shall constitute its first reading, and the Speaker shall give 
notice at each subsequent reading whether it be the second or 
third reading. 

(b) No bill shall be read more than once on the same day with- 
out the concurrence of % of the members present and voting. 

Rule 43. Effect of Defeated Bill, (a) Subject to the provisions 
of subsection (b) of this Rule, after a bill has been tabled or has 
failed to pass on any of its readings, the contents of such bill 
or the principal provisions of its subject matter shall not be em- 
bodied in any other measure. Upon the point or order being raised 
and sustained by the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon the 
table, and shall not be taken therefrom except by a % vote. 

(b) No local bill shall be held by the Chair to embody the 
provisions of or to be identical with any statewide measure which 
has been laid upon the table, or failed to pass any of its readings. 

Rule 44. Amendmetits and Riders. No amendment or rider to 
a bill before the House shall be in order unless such rider or 
amendment is germane to the bill under consideration. 

Rule 45. Conference Committees. Whenever the House shall 
decline or refuse to concur in amendments put by the Senate to 
a bill originating in the House, or shall refuse to adopt a sub- 
stitute adopted by the Senate for a bill originating in the House, 
a conference committee shall be appointed upon motion made, con- 
sisting of the number named in the motion; and the bill under 
consideration shall thereupon go to and be considered by the joint 
conferees on the part of the House and Senate. 

(b) Only such matters as are in difference between the two 
houses shall be considered by the conferees, and the conference 
report shall deal only with such matters. The conference report 
shall not be amended. 

(c) Except as herein set out, the rules of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of Congress shall govern the appointment, conduct, and 
reports of the conferees. 

Legislative Officers and Empfoyees 

Rule 46. Elected Officers. The House shall elect a Principal 
Clerk, a Reading Clerk, and a Sergeant-at-Arms. The Principal 
Clerk shall continue in oflfice until another is elected. 



374 North Carolina Manual 

Rule 47. Assistants to Principal Clerk and Sergeant-at-Atnis. 
The Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may appoint, with 
the approval of the Speaker, such assistants as may be neces- 
sary to the efficient discharge of the duties of their various offices. 
One or more of such assistants may be assigned by the Speaker 
from the Principal Clerk's office to the office of the Attorney 
General for the purpose of drafting bills. 

Rule 48. Speaker's Clerk, Chaplain, and Pages, (a) The 
Speaker may appoint a Clerk to the Speaker, a Chaplain of the 
House, and he may also appoint ten pages to wait upon the ses- 
sions of the House; when the pressure of business may require, 
the Speaker may appoint five additional pages. 

(b) When the House is not in session the pages shall be 
under the supei'vision of the Principal Clerk. 

Rule 49. Committee Clerks, (a) The Chairman of each of the 
following committees may, with the approval of the Speaker, ap- 
point a clerk to his committee: Agriculture; Appropriations; Banks 
and Banking; Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry; Con- 
servation and Development; Constitutional Amendments; Corpora- 
tions; Counties, Cities, and Towns; Courts and Judicial Districts; 
Education; Elections and Election Laws; Employment Security; 
Finance; Health; Higher Education; Insurance; Judiciary No. 1; 
Judiciary No. 2; Local Government; Manufacturers and Labor; 
Mental Institutions; Military Affairs; Penal Institutions; Proposi- 
tions and Grievances; Public Utilities; Public Welfare; Roads and 
Highways Safety; Rules; Salaries and Fees; Senatorial Districts; 
State Government; Veteran's Legislation; Water Resources and 
Control, and Wildlife Resources. 

(b) Whenever the Speaker deems it advisable, he may assign 
a clerk to act for two or more committees. 

(c) The leader of the minority party may, with the approval 
of the Speaker, be assigned a clerk. 

(d) With the exception of the Clerks appointed to the com- 
mittees on Appropriations, Finance, Judiciary No. 1 and Judiciary 
No. 2, the clerks of all the above named committees, when not on 
duty with their specific committees, shall report to and be under 
the supervision of the Principal Clerk of the House for assign- 
ment to special duty with other committees and to serve the 
convenience of the members of the House. 



House of Representatives 375 

Rule 50. Compensation of Clerks. No clerk, laborer, or other 
person employed or appointed under Rules 47, 48, and 49 hereof 
shall receive during such employment, appointment, or service 
any compensation from any department of the State Govern- 
ment, or from any other source, and there shall not be voted, 
paid or awarded any additional pay, bonus or gratuity to any 
of them, but they shall receive only the pay now provided by law 
for such duties and services. 

Privileges of the Hall 

Rule 51. Admittance to Floor. No person except members, offi- 
cers and employees of the General Assembly, Judges of the Su- 
preme and Superior Courts, State officers and former members 
of the General Assembly who are not registered under the pro- 
visions of Article 9 of Chapter 120 of the General Statutes of 
North Carolina shall be allowed on the floor of the House or in 
the lobby in the rear of the Speaker's desk during its session, 
unless permitted by the Speaker. 

Rule 52. Admittance of Press. Reporters wishing to take down 
debates may be admitted by the Speaker, who shall assign such 
places to them on the floor or elsewhere, to effect this object, 
as shall not interfere with the convenience of the House. 

Rule 53. Extending Couiiesies. No motion to suspend the rules 
for the purpose of extending the courtesies of the floor, lobby or 
gallei'y shall be made during the consideration of the Public Cal- 
endar, except upon motion of the Speaker. 

Rule 54. Order in Galleries and Lobbies. In case of any dis- 
turbance or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobby, the 
Speaker or other presiding officer is empowered to order the same 
to be cleared. 

General Rules 

Rule 55. Attendance of Members. No member or officer of the 
House shall absent himself from the service of the House without 
leave, unless from sickness or disability. 

Rule 56. Dociimoits to be Signed by the Speaker. All acts, 
addresses, and resolutions and all warrants and subpoenas issued 
by order of the House shall be signed by the Speaker or Presiding 
Officer. 



376 North Carolina Manual 

Rule 57. Rides, Rescissioji or Alteration. No standing rule or 
order shall be rescinded or altered without one day's notice given 
on the motion thereof, and to sustain such motion % of the House 
shall be required. 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE 
OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Alphabetically Arranged 

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE 

Mr. Woodard of Northampton, Chairman 

Mr. Byrum, Vice -Chair man. 

Mr. Coates, V ice-Chairman 
Mr. Gregory of Harnett, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Wilson, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Barbee, Blue, Braswell, Choate, Cohoon, Davis of Lenoir, 
Delamar, Eagles, Everett, Ferrell, Fletcher, Godv^^in, Green, Greg- 
ory of Halifax, Hardy, Hargett, Harriss of Rovi^an, Hicks, Hines, 
Isaac, Jackson, Johnson, Kiser, Lane, McFadyen, McPherson, 
Murphy, Newman, Nicholson, Palmer, Phelps, Randall, Riggs, 
Rodenbough, Satterfield, Sermons, Slagle, Snyder, Speed, Spruill, 
Wall, Watkins, Whitehurst, Whitley, Williamson, Wood. 

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 

Mr. Woodard of Wilson, Chairman 

Mr. Andrews, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Hardy, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Harriss of Rowan, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Hicks, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. High, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Belk, Braswell, Britt, Byrum, Calder, Choate, Coffey, 
Cook, Eagles, Everett, Fearing, Felmet, Fletcher, Galifianakis, 
Garner, Gobble, Greenwood, Gregory of Harnett, Griggs, Hamrick, 
Holcombe, Isaac, Jackson, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Kiser, Lane, 
Leatherman, Lloyd, Lupton, Martin, McFadyen, McMillan of Robe- 



House op^ Representatives 377 

son, McMillan of Wake, Newman, Osteen, Palmer, Quinn, Ramsey, 
Riggs, Sermons, Slagle, Snyder, Spruill, Thomas, Thornburg, Um- 
stead, Vaughn, West of Cherokee, Whitley, Wilson, Womble, ZoUi- 
coffer. 

COMMITTEE ON BANKS AND BANKING 

Mr. Hardy, Chairman 
Mr. Spruill, V ice-Chairman 
Mr. Womble, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Bell, Belk, Braswell, Choate, Eagles, Fletcher, Frink, 
Godwin, Green, Gregory of Halifax, Harris of Wake, Harriss of 
Rowan, Hicks, High, Holcombe, Isaac, Jackson, Johnson, Kemp, 
Kerr, Lane, Leatherwood, Lloyd, Lupton, McFadyen, McMillan of 
Robeson, Nicholson, Owens, Phelps, Reid, Rodenbough, Story, 
Thomas, Wallace, West of Cherokee, West of Clay, Whitehurst, 
Wicker, Williamson, Wilson, Woodard of Northampton. 

COMMITTEE ON COMMERCIAL FISHERIES AND 
OYSTER INDUSTRY 

Mr. Griggs, Chairman 

Mr. Bell, Vice-Chairinan 

Mr. Frink, Vice-Chairman 

Rep. : Byrum, Calder, Cohoon, Delamar, Feai'ing, Ferrell, Gar- 
ner, Lupton, Murphy, Peel, Phelps, Riggs, Sermons, Whitehurst. 

COMMITTEE ON COMMISSIONS AND INSTITUTIONS 

FOR THE BLIND 

Mr. Vogler, Chairman 

Mr. Hill, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Holcombe, Vice-Chairiman 

Rep.: Belk, Boger, Byrum, Cook, Efird, Fearing, Ferrell, Lane, 
Leatherman, Lupton, Martin, McFadyen, McMillan of Wake, Mc- 
Pherson, Nicholson, Osteen, Potts, Quinn, Satterfield, Simpson, 
Snyder, Thornburg, Umstead, Vaughn, Wall, Wallace, Womble. 



378 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

Mr. Kemp, Chairman 
Mr. Kerr, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Lloyd, Vice-Chaiiwan 

Rep.: Andrews, Britt, Hicks, Jackson, Murphy, Palmer, Quinn, 
Taylor, Watkins. 

COMMITTEE ON CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

Mr. Bell, Chairman 

Mr. Holcombe, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Vogler, Vicc-Chairman 

Rep.: Arledge, Barbee, Blue, Boger, Choate, Coffey, Cohoon, 
Courtney, Crawford, Delamar, Everett, Efird, Fearing, Felmet, 
Frink, Galifianakis, Green, Gregory of Halifax, Harding, Henley, 
Hines, Isaac, Jones, Kemp, Lupton, Martin, McFadyen, McMillan 
of Wake, Newman, Osteen, Owens, Phelps, Pickard, Quinn, Ran- 
dall, Riggs, Sermons, Speed, Watkins, West of Clay, Whitley, 
Williamson, Woodard of Northampton. 

COMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS 

Mr. Zollicoffer, Chairman 
Mr. Lloyd, Vice-Chai)-man 
Mr. Riggs, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Bell, Boger, Brooks, Crawford, Davis of Rowan, Efird, 
Frink, Galifianakis, Gregory of Halifax, Hargett, Harris of Wake, 
Jordan, Kemp, Kennedy, Kerr, Kiser, Osteen, Simpson, Snyder, 
Story, Taylor, Thornburg, Wooten. 

COMMITTEE ON CORPORATIONS 

Mr. Blue, Chairman 

Mr. Belk, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Jordan, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Efird, Hamrick, Harriss of Rowan, McMillan of Robeson, 
McMillan of Wake, McPherson, Osteen, Owens, Pickard, Potts, 



House of Representatives 379 

Quinn, Randall, Riggs, Simpson, Snyder, Taylor, Thornburg, 
Vaughn, Vogler, West of Cherokee, Wooten. 

COMMITTEE ON COUNTIES, CITIES AND TOWNS 

Mr. Jordan, Chairman 
Mr. Palmer, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Vogler, V ice-Chairtnan 

Rep.: Andrews, Arledge, Belk, Blue, Brooks, Calder, Coffey, 
Cook, Crawford, Gobble, Green, Greenwood, Hamrick, Hargett, 
Harriss of Rowan, Hill, Holcombe, Isaac, Kiser, Leatherman, Mc- 
Millan of Robeson, Owens, Phelps, Ramsey, Riggs, Rodenbough, 
Satterfield, Slagle, Snyder, Speed, Taylor, West of Cherokee. 

COMMITTEE ON COURTS AND JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Mr. Taylor, Chairynan 

Mr. Harris of Wake, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. High, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Kennedy, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Zollicoffer, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Bell, Boger, Braswell, Britt, Brooks, Calder, Cohoon, 
Courtney, Crawford, Davis of Lenoir, Davis of Rowan, Dolley, 
Everett, Frink, Godwin, Hines, Jordan, Kerr, Leatherman, Martin, 
Osteen, Owens, Peel, Pickard, Reid, Riggs, Simpson, Snyder, 
Thornburg, Vaughn, Wood, Wooten. 

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION 

Mr. Henley, Chairman 

Dr. Davis of Lenoir, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Drummond, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Hawfield, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Hill, Vice-Chair'rnan 

Rep.: Arledge, Barbee, Blue, Boger, Braswell, Choate, Cohoon, 
Cook, Courtney, Delamar, Eagles, Efird, Everett, Pelmet, Ferrell, 
Galifianakis, Godwin, Green, Greenwood, Hamrick, Hargett, Har- 
riss of Rowan, Harris of Wake, Hicks, High, Hines, Holcombe, 



380 North Carolina Manual 

Jackson, Johnson, Kennedy, Kiser, Lupton, Martin, McFadyen, 
McMillan of Wake, Newman, Osteen, Phelps, Ramsey, Randall, 
Riggs, Rodenbough, Satterfield, Sermons, Speed, Story, Taylor, 
Thornburg, Vogler, Wall, West of Cherokee, Williamson, Wilson, 
Wood. 

COMMITTEE ON ELECTIONS AND ELECTION LAAVS 

Mr. Arledge, Chamnan 
Mr. Holcombe, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Newman, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Blue, Choate, Efird, Harding, High, Hill, Johnson, Jones, 
Kemp, Kennedy, McPherson, McLaughlin, Osteen, Phelps, Potts, 
Quinn, Ramsey, Riggs, Vogler, Wood, Woodard of Northampton. 

COMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT SECURITY 

Mr. Wallace, Chairman 
Mr. Drummond, V ice-Chairman 
Mr. Gobble, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Arledge, Belk, Bell, Coates, Cohoon, Cook. Davis of 
Lenoir, Davis of Rowan, Fletcher, Griggs, Hicks, Palmer, Quinn, 
Sermons, Taylor, Thornburg, West of Cherokee, Whitehurst, Wood- 
ard of Northampton, Woodard of Wilson, Wooten, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON ENGROSSED BILLS 

Mr. Thomas, Chairvian 
Mr. Peel, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Wall, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Andrews, Arledge, Blue, Coates, Efird, Felmet, Galifiana- 
kis, Gregory of Halifax, Hines, Lane, Leatherw^ood, McPherson, 
Osteen, Potts, Quinn, Ramsey, Thornburg, Vaughn, Wood, Wooten. 

COMMITTEE ON ENROLLED BILLS 

Mr. Gobble, Chairman 
Mr. Woodard of Northampton, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Bell, Boger, Britt, Cook, Ferrell, Fletcher, Hill, Holcombe, 
Osteen, Palmer, Satterfield, Story, Vogler, Whitehurst. 



House of Representatives 381 

COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES OF THE HOUSE 

Mr. Courtney, Chairman 
Mr. Vogler, V ice-Chair man 
Mr. Henley, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Arledge, Barbee, Belk, Coffey, Eagles, Fearing, Felmet, 
Frink, Greenwood, Gregory of Harnett, Harding, Hargett, Haw- 
field, Hicks, Kemp, Lloyd, McPherson, Palmer, Potts, Spruill, 
Thomas, Umstead, Vaughn, Wood. 

COMMITTEE ON FEDERAL AND INTERSTATE 
COOPERATION 

Mr. Dolley, Chairman 

Mr. Vaughn, Vice-ChairTnan 

Mr. Whitehurst, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Davis of Lenoir, Felmet, Ferrell, Green, Greenwood, 
Gregory of Harnett, Hawfield, Holcombe, Jordan, Kennedy, Lane, 
Leatherwood, Nicholson, Osteen, Owens, Pickard, Potts, Quinn, 
Ramsey, Riggs, Satterfield, Snyder, Thomas, Thornburg, Vogler, 
Wall, Wilson, Wood. 

COMMITTEE ON FINANCE 

Mr. Wicker, Chairman 

Mr. Blue, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Harris of Wake, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Kemp, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Peel, V ice-Chairman 

Mrs. Rodenboug'h, Vicc-Chairinaii 

Rep.: Arledge, Barbee, Bell, Boger, Brooks, Coates, Cohoon, 
Courtney, Crawford, Davis of Lenoir, Davis of Rowan, Delamar, 
Dolley, Drummond, Efird, Ferrell, Frink, Godwin, Green, Gregory 
of Halifax, Harding, Hargett, Hawfield, Henley, Hill, Hines, Jor- 
dan, Kennedy, Leatherwood, McLaughlin, McPherson, Murphy, 
Nicholson, Owens, Phelps, Pickard, Potts, Randall, Reid, Satter- 
field, Simpson, Speed, Story, Taylor, Vogler, Wall, Wallace, 
Watkins, West of Clay, Whitehurst, Williamson, Wood, Woodard 
of Northampton, Wooten. 



382 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON HEALTH 

Dr. Davis of Lenoir, Chai)i)ia)i 
Dr. Phelps, \'ice-Chairf)iaii 
Mr. Spruill, Vice-Chair man 

Rep.: Boger, Brooks, Byrum, Cohoon, Cook, Delamar, Efird, 
Fearing, Felmet, Galifianakis, Garner, Harriss of Rowan, Henley, 
Holcombe, Isaac, Kennedy, Lane, Leatherman, Martin, McMillan 
of Wake, McPherson, Newman, Nicholson, Owens, Pickard, Potts, 
Randall, Riggs, Rodenbough, Slagle, Snyder, Speed, Story, Thomas, 
Umstead, Vogler, Whitley, Wood, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON HIGHER EDUCATION 

Mr. Coates, Chairma)i 

Mr. Andrews, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Frink, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Belk, Choate, Coffey, Crawford, Davis of Lenoir, Dolley, 
Efird, Fearing, Felmet, Fletcher, Garner, Godwin, Greenwood. 
Gregory of Halifax, Harding, Hargett, Hill, Holcombe, Isaac, 
Kennedy, Kiser, Lane, Leatherwood, Lloyd, McMillan of Robeson, 
McMillan of Wake, Osteen, Palmer, Peel, Potts, Reid, Rodenbough, 
Slagle, Taylor, Thornburg, Umstead, Vaughn, Vogler, Wall, Wil- 
liamson, Wilson, Wood, Woodard of Northampton, Woodard of 
Wilson. 

COMMITTEE ON INSTITUTIONS FOR THE DEAF 

Mr. Kennedy, Chairman 

Dr. Davis of Lenoir, Vice-Chairman 

Dr. Phelps, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Britt, Byrum, Coates, Cook, Courtney, Hargett, Harris of 
Wake, High, Holcombe, Jordan, Lane, Leatherman, Leatherwood, 
Nicholson, Owens, Pickard, Potts, Ramsey, Randall, Simpson, 
Story, Thornburg, Vogler, Wall, Williamson. 



House of Representatives 383 

COMMITTEE ON INSURANCE 

Mr. Whitehurst, Chairman 
Mr. Hig:h, Vice -Chair man 
Mr. Jones, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Andrews, Barbee, Belk, Britt, Byrum, Cohoon, Courtney, 
Eagles, Everett, Fearing, Gregory of Halifax, Hamrick, Hardy, 
Harriss of Rowan, Harris of Wake, Henley, Hicks, Hines, Hol- 
combe, Jordan, McFadyen, Murphy, Quinn, Satterfield, Sermons 
Simpson, Speed, Umstead, Vaughn, Wallace, Woodard of Wilson, 
Wooten. 

COMMITTEE ON IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE 

Mr. Cohoon, Chairman 

Mr. Williamson, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Wooten, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Bell, Byrum, Delamai-, Fearing, Ferrell, Frink, Griggs. 
Hargett, Lane, Lupton, McPherson, Riggs, Spruill. 

COMMITTEE ON JOURNAL 

Mr. Jones, Chairman 
Mr. Greenwood, V ice-Chairman 
Mr. Satterfield, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Braswell, Brooks, Eagles, Ferrell, Hill, Martin, West of 
Cherokee, West of Clay. 

COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY NO. 1 

Mr. Wooten, Chairman 

Mr. Jordan, Vice-Chai>'7naii 

Ml'. Lloyd, Vice-Chairman 

Ml'. Reid, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Taylor, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Calder, Everett, Galifianakis, Godwin, Harris of Wake, 
Hines, Kennedy, Leatherman, Martin, McLaughlin, Peel, Satter- 
field, Snyder, Story, Thornburg, Wood, Zollicofl'er. 



384 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY NO. 2 

Mr. Crawford, Chairnmn 

Mr. Andrews, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Britt, Vice-Chah-man 

Mr. Dolley, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Kerr, Vice-Chairmayi 

Rep.: Boger, Braswell, Brooks, Davis of Rowan, Fletcher, Frink, 
Hamrick, Harding, High, Leathei-wood, McMillan of Wake, Osteen, 
Owens, Pickard, Potts, Riggs, Simpson, Vaughn, Womble. 

COMMITTEE ON JUSTICES OF THE PEACE 

Dr. Phelps, Chairman 
Mr. Braswell, V ice-Chairman 
Mr. Holcombe, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Andrews, Boger, Delamar, Ferrell, Harding, Leatherman, 
McLaughlin, McMillan of Wake, Reid, Slagle, Thomas, West of 
Cherokee. 

COMMITTEE ON LIBRARY (Joint) 

Mr. Womble, Chairman 

Mr. Kennedy, V ice-Chairman 

Mr. Woodard of Wilson, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Andrews, Barbee, Blue, Cook, Davis of Lenoir, Dolley, 
Efird, Felmet, Ferrell, Green, Greenwood, Hawfield, Henley, Hol- 
combe, Kiser, Lane, Leatherman, Leatherwood, Lloyd, McFadyen, 
Murphy, Osteen, Palmer, Pickard, Potts, Ramsey, Rodenbough, 
Satterfield, Thornburg, Wood. 

COMMITTEE ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

Mr. Harris of Wake, Chairman 
Mr. High, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Wall, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Barbee, Bell, Braswell, Britt, Byrum, Choate, Courtney, 
Davis of Lenoir, Delamar, Dolley, Everett, Fearing, Godwin, 



House of Representatives 385 

Harding, Hines, Jackson, Jones, Jordan, Kemp, Martin, Nicholson, 
Owens, Simpson, Vaughn, Wilson, Womble, Woodard of North- 
ampton, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON MANUFACTURERS AND LABOR 

Mr. Watkins, Chairman 

Mr. Courtney, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Wall, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Arledge, Britt, Byrum, Cohoon, Crawford, Eagles, Ever- 
ett, Ferrell, Frink, Galifianakis, Gobble, Godwin, Gregory of Hal- 
ifax, Griggs, Hamrick, Hardy, Harriss of Rowan, Isaac, Johnson, 
Jones, Lloyd, McFadyen, Murphy, Osteen, Palmer, Phelps, Quinn, 
Reid, Rodenbough, Sermons, Snyder, Spruill, Wallace, West of 
Clay, Wicker, Wilson, Woodard of Northampton. 

COMMITTEE ON MENTAL INSTITUTIONS 

Mr. Umstead, Chairman 

Mr. Braswell, Co-Chairman 

Mr. Reid, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Belk, Blue, Britt, Brooks, Coffey, Cook, Crawford, 
Fletcher, Galifianakis, Garner, Hamrick, Hardy, Harris of Wake, 
Hill, Isaac, McLaughlin, Palmer, Peel, Randall, Rodenbough, Sat- 
terfield, Simpson, Slagle, Spruill, Story, Watkins, West of Clay. 

COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS 

Mr. Delamar, Chairman 

Mr. Lloyd, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Wilson, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Arledge, Belk, Bell, Ferrell, Gregory of Halifax, Hardy, 
Harris of Wake, High, Martin, McMillan of Wake, Murphy, Osteen, 
Randall, Thornburg, West of Clay. 



38fi North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON PENAL INSTITUTIONS 

Mr. Holcombe, Chairman 

Mr. Dolley, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Harris of Wake, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Coates, Coffey, Cohoon, Crawford, Davis of Rowan, Efird, 
Garner, Green, Gregory of Harnett, Griggs, Hamrick, Hardy, 
Harriss of Rowan, Hill, Slagle, Speed, Taylor, Thomas, Thornburg, 
Vaughn, Wall, West of Cherokee, Whitley. 

COMMITTEE ON PRINTING (.loint) 

Mr. Jackson, Chairman 

Mr. Blue, Vice-Chai)man 

Mr. Griggs, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Barbee, Boger, Eagles, Efird, Delamar, Galifianakis, Hard- 
ing, Hill, McPherson, Osteen, Palmer, Quinn, Reid, Speed, Vaughn, 
Vogler. 



-"j^' 



COMMITTEE ON PROPOSITIONS AND GRIEVANCES 

Mr. Byrum, Chairman 

Mr. Henley, V ice-Chair ma)i 

Mr. Hill, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Arledge, Barbee, Bell, Braswell, Felmet, Galifianakis, 
Gobble, Godwin, Gregory of Harnett, Griggs, Hardy, Harriss of 
Rowan, Hicks, Hines, Holcombe, McLaughlin, Murphy, Quinn, 
Rodenbough, Sermons, Snyder, Wall, Wallace, Williamson, Wilson, 
Womble. 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

Mr. Satterfield, Chairman 

Mr. Hargett, Vice-Chaiiman 

Mr. Kiser, Vice-Chairman 

Rep:. Barbee, Bell, Cohoon, Efird, Fearing, Felmet, Fletcher, 
Garner, Hawfield, Hill, Hines, Kennedy, Lane, Leatherman, Leath- 
erwood, McPherson, Nicholson, Owens, Pickard, Potts, Ramsey, 
Story, Thomas, Vaughn, West of Cherokee, West of Clay, Whitley, 
Wood. 



House of Representatives 387 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC UTILITIES 

Mr. Belk, Chairman 
Mr. Palmer, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Taylor, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Andrews, Arledge, Barbee, Brooks, Courtney, Eagles, 
Gobble, Greenwood, Harding-, Harriss of Rowan, Harris of Wake, 
Hill, Jordan, Kerr, Lloyd, McLaughlin, Osteen, Peel, Quinn, Ran- 
dall, Simpson, Snyder, Vogler, Wallace, Watkins, Womble, Wood- 
ard of Wilson, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WELFARE 

Mr. Hargett, Chairman 
Mr. Frink, V ice-Chairman 
Mr. High, Vice-Chaii-man 

Rep:. Arledge, Blue, Coates, Drummond, Fletcher, Greenwood, 
Harriss of Rowan, Harris of Wake, Hicks, Hill, Holcombe, John- 
son, Kemp, Kerr, Leatherwood, Lloyd, Murphy, Osteen, Palmer, 
Peel, Rodenbough, Satterfield, Story, Taylor, Umstead, Vaughn, 
Vogler, Whitley, Williamson, Woodard of Northampton, Woodard 
of Wilson. 

COMMITTEE ON ROADS AND HIGHWAY SAFETY 

Mr. Quinn, Chairman 

Mr. Arledge, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Cohoon, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Greenwood, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Palmer, ^' ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Barbee, Belk, Blue, Boger, Byrum, Coates, Davis of Rowan, 
Eagles, Fearing, Felmet, Ferrell, Godwin, Green, Gregory of Har- 
nett, Hamrick, Hargett, Henley, Hines, Jones, Lane, McLaughlin, 
McMillan of Wake, McPherson, Osteen, Potts, Rodenbough, 
Thomas, Thornburg, Vaughn, Vogler, Wallace, Whitehurst, Whit- 
ley, Williamson, Woodard of Northampton, Wooten. Zollicoffer. 



388 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEE ON RULES 

Mr. Kerr, Chair^ivan 

Mr. Britt, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Wooten, Vice-Chai)ina7i 

Rep.: Hardy, Hargett, Harris of Wake, Hicks, Jordan, Kemp, 
Lloyd, McLaughlin, Taylor, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON SALARIES AND FEES 

Mr. Gregory of Harnett, Chairman 

Mr. Cohoon, V ice-ChairTnan 

Mr. McLaughlin, Vice -Chair man 

Rep.: Arledge, Fearing, Felmet, Ferrell, Harding, Jordan, 
Lloyd, Lupton, Slagle, Woodard of Northampton. 

COMMITTEE ON SENATORIAL DISTRICTS 

Mr. Lloyd, Chairman 

Mr. Harris of Wake, V ice -C hair mayi 

Mr. Wallace, Vice-Chairmayi 

Rep.: Blue, Calder, Coffey, Dolley, Drummond, Hawfield, Hill, 
Johnson, Kemp, Peel, Quinn, Woodard of Wilson. 

COMMITTEE ON STATE GOVERNMENT 

Mr. Hicks, Chairnfian 
Mr. Britt, V ice-Chairman 
Mr, Quinn, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Andrews, Barbee, Bell, Calder, Coates, Davis of Rowan, 
Eag-les, Harding, Harris of Wake, Hill, Isaac, Johnson, Kemp, 
Lloyd, McLaughlin, Satterfield, Simpson, Snyder, Taylor, Wilson, 
Woodard of Northampton, Wooten, Zollicoffer. 



House of Representatives 389 

COMMITTEE ON TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 

RETIREMENT 

Mr. Kiser, Chairman 
Mr. Griggs, Vice-Chairtnan 
Mr. Wilson, Vice-Chait^man 

Rep.: Choate, Cohoon, Cook, Courtney, Davis of Lenoir, Garner, 
Harriss of Rowan, Hill, Hines, Jones, Phelps, Rodenbough, Vaughn, 
Vogler. * 

COMMITTEE ON TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY 

(.Joint) 

Mrs. Rodenbough, Chairman 

Mr. Andrews, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Wicker, Vice-Chairman 

Rep:. Belk, Bell, Boger, Braswell, Brooks, Byrum, Coates, Co- 
hoon, Courtney, Crawford, Drummond, Eagles, Gregory of Hali- 
fax, Hardy, Harris of Wake, Henley, High, Hines, Kemp, Kerr, 
Leatherman, Lloyd, Lupton, Murphy, Nicholson, Quinn, Reid, Ser- 
mons, Snyder, Spruill, Taylor, Thornburg, Umstead, Wallace, 
Watkins, Whitehurst, Wilson, Woodard of Northampton, Woodard 
of Wilson, Zollicoffer. 

COMMITTEE ON VETERAN'S LEGISLATION 

Mr. Wilson, Chairman 
Mr. Delamar, Vice-Chairman 
Mr. Arledge, Vice-Chairman 

Rep:. Bell, Calder, Cohoon, Davis of Lenoir, Ferrell, Hardy, 
Hill, McMillan of Wake, Simpson, Snyder, Speed, Vaughn. 

COMMITTEE ON WATER RESOURCES AND CONTROL 

Mr. Murphy, CJiairman 

Mr. Gobble, Vice-Chairman 

Mr. Harriss of Rowan, Vice-Chairman 

Rep.: Boger, Braswell, Brooks, Choate, Cook, Davis of Lenoir, 
Everett, Frink, Godwin, Greenwood, Henley, Hines, Kemp, Ken- 



390 NoRTir Carolina Manual 

nedy, Ken-, Lupton, McFadyen, McLaughlin, McMillan of Wake, 
Nicholson, Palmer, Phelps, Pickard, Randall, Slag-le, Snyder, Story, 
Thomas, Thornlnirg:, Vaughn, Wall, West of Cherokee, Whitley, 
Williamson, Wooten. 



COMMITTEE ON WILDLIFE RESOURCES 

Mr. Sermons, Cliai)i)ifni 

« 

Mr. Jackson, Vice-Chairmav 
Mr. Johnson, V ice-Chairman 

Rep.: Andrews, Arledge, Belk, Bell, Britt, Calder, Courtney, 
Delamar, Ferrell, Green, Greenwood, Griggs, Hardy, Hargett, 
Holcombe, Kemp, Lloyd, Lupton, McLaughlin, Newman, Osteen, 
Palmer, Peel, Riggs, Rodenbough, Thornburg, Wall, Wallace, 
Watkins, Whitehurst, Wicker, Wilson, Woodard of Northampton. 



House of Representatives 391 

SEAT ASSIGNMENT CHART— SESSION 1961 

NORTH CAROLINA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

County Name Address Seat 

Alamance M. Glenn Pickard Burlington 66 

Alexander Mrs. Tressie P. Fletcher_(R)_..Taylorsville 109 

Alleghany. A. Vance Choate Sparta 83 

Anson H. P. Taylor, Jr Wadesboro 36 

Ashe Austin Jones West Jefferson 53 

Avery Mack Isaac (R)_..Newland 100 

Beaufort Wayland J. Sermons Washington 63 

Bertie C. Wayland Spruill Windsor 8 

Bladen James C. Green Clarkton 79 

Brunswick S. Bunn Frink South port -.115 

Buncombe I. C. Crawford Asheville 40 

Gordon H. Greenwood Black Mountain 39 

John Y. Jordan, Jr Asheville 41 

Burke Dan R. Simpson (R)_-- Morgan ton 107 

Cabarrus - John R. Boger, Jr Concord 27 

Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 28 

Caldwell Dannv M. Courtney Lenoir 61 

Camden Callis L. McPherson South Mills 75 

Carteret D. G. Bell Morehead City 93 

Caswell Edward H. Wilson Blanche 7 

Catawba J. Henry Hill, Jr . Hickory 62 

Chatham Ike ¥. Andrews Siler City 96 

Cherokee Herman H. West (R)_-- Marble 106 

Chowan Albert G. Byrum Edenton__ 5 

Clay Wayne G. West (R).-_Warne 98 

Cleveland Jack Palmer, Jr Shelby 77 

Columbus Arthur W. Williamson Cerro Gordo 9 

Craven Sam L. Whitehurst New Bern 37 

Cumberland John T. Henley Hope Mills 59 

L. Sneed High Fayetteville 60 

Currituck Walton S, Griggs Point Harbor 90 

Dare . M. Keith Fearing, Jr Manteo 72 

Davidson J. Eugene Snyder (R)_._ Lexington 104 

Davie L. P. Martin, Jr Mocksville 51 

Duplin Hugh S. Johnson, Jr Rose Hill 25 

Durham Eugene C. Brooks, III Durham 85 

Nick Galifianakis Durham 86 

Edgecombe Joe E. Eagles Macclesfield 26 

Forsyth Dan L. Drummond Winston-Salem 70 

*F. L. Gobble Winston-Salem 69 

William Z. Wood Winston-Salem 71 

Franklin James D. Speed.- Louisburg 57 

Gaston Steve Dolley, Jr Gastonia 34 

Hoyle T. Efird Gastonia - 33 

Gates Philip P. Godwin Gatesville 15 

Graham . Leonard W. Lloyd Robbinsville 119 

Granville Joe A. Watkins Oxford 46 

Cireene Herbert Hardy Maury. 31 

Guilford Stedman H. Hines Greensboro 30 

Joseph M. Hunt, Jr Greensboro Speaker 

Ed Kemp High Point 29 

William L. Osteen (R)... Greensboro 110 

Halifax Thorne Gregory Scotland Neck 56 

Harnett.. Carson Gregory Angler 4 

Haywood Jack Felmet Waynesville 73 

Henderson John T. Randall (R)... Henderson ville^ 103 

Hertford Roger R. Jackson, Jr Harrellsville 38 

Hoke N. L. McFadyen... ..Raeford 45 



*Died March 1, 196!. Succeeded by Claude M. Hamrick of Winston-Salem. 



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House of Representatives 393 

Hyde W. J. Lupton Swan Quarter 44 

Iredell John R. McLaughlin Statesville-- 6 

Jackson Lacy H. Thornburg Sylva 78 

Johnston Roy C. Coates Smithfield 20 

C. Blake Thomas Smithfield 3 

Jones John M. Hargett Trenton 91 

Lee J. Shelton Wicker _ Sanf ord 54 

Lenoir --Dr. Rachel Darden Davis, III.Kinston 43 

Lincoln C. E. Leatherman Lincolnton 89 

Macon Mrs. W. N. Cook (R)--Franklin 108 

Madison Liston B. Ramsey Marshall 88 

Martin Elbert S. Peel, Jr Williamston 55 

McDowell — - W. W. Wall Marion 118 

Mecklenburg Irwin Belk Charlotte 24 

Ernest L. Hicks Charlotte 22 

John P. Kennedy, Jr Charlotte 23 

James B. Vogler Charlotte 21 

Mitchell Jack Slagle (R).-- Spruce Pine 112 

Montgomery J. Paul Wallace Troy 47 

Moore H. Clifton Blue Aberdeen 16 

Nash Allen C. Barbee Spring Hope 67 

New Hanover Robert E. Calder Wilmington _ 18 

Northampton J. Raynor Woodard Conway 58 

Onslow Zennie L. Riggs Jacksonville 50 

Orange John W. Umstead, Jr Chapel HiU 97 

Pamlico Ned Delamar Oriental 92 

Pasquotank C. D. Ferrell Elizabeth City 117 

Pender Ashley M. Murphy Atkinson 17 

Perquimans Archie T. Lane. Sr Hertford 116 

Person B. I. Satterfield Timberlake 19 

Pitt Clifton W. Everett Bethel 64 

Frank M. Wooten, Jr Greenville 65 

Polk J. Thurston Arledge Tryon 84 

Randolph C. Roby Garner (R)..-Asheboro 102 

Richmond N. Palmer Nicholson Mt. Gilead 81 

Robeson David M. Britt Fairmont 48 

R. D. McMillan, Jr Red Springs 49 

Rockingham Ear! W. Vaughn Draper 52 

Rowan James C. Davis China Grove 14 

Clyde H. Harriss Salisbury 13 

Rutherford Hollis M. Owens, Jr Rutherfordton 82 

Sampson Tom Newman ..Clinton 74 

Scotland Roger C. Kiser Laurinburg 2 

Stanly Clyde H. Whitley (R)- -Albemarle 99 

Stokes Mrs. Grace T. Rodenbough Walnut Cove 42 

Surry William G. Reid Pilot Mountain 95 

Swain Robert Leatherwood, III Bryson City. _ 87 

Transylvania Jack H. Potts Brevard 80 

Tyrrell Wm. Charles Cohoon Columbia 114 

Union S. Glenn Hawfield Monroe 76 

Vance A. A. Zollicoffer, Jr Henderson 35 

Wake W. C. Harris, Jr Raleigh- 11 

A. A. McMillan Raleigh 10 

W. Brantley Worable Gary 12 

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warrenton 1 

Washington *Dr. J. M. Phelps Creswell 113 

Watauga ..Murray Coffey (R).. -Blowing Rock Ill 

Wayne Roland C. Braswell Goldsboro 94 

Wilkes T.E.Story (R).-Wilkesboro 101 

Wilson Thomas H. Woodard Wilson.. 32 

Yadkin F. D. B. Harding (R)... Yadkin viUe ...105 

Yancey Harlon Holcombe Burnsville 68 



'Died March 26, 1961. Succeeded by Mrs. J. M. Phelps of Creswell. 



PART VII 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 




Tekey Sanfokd 
Governor 



Biographical Sketches 

EXECUTIVE OFFICIALS 

(Elected by the People) 



TEKKY SANFOKD 

GOVERNOR 

Terry Sanford, Democrat, was born in Laurlnburg, N. C, Au- 
gust 20. 1917. Son of Cecil LeRoy Sanford and Elizabeth Martin 
Sanford. Attended public schools in Laurinburg; Laurinburg 
High School, graduating in 1934; Presbyterian Junior College; 
University of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 1939; University of 
North Carolina Law School, LL.B. degree, 1946. Served as Special 
Agent of Federal Bureau of Investigation from 1941 to 1942 
when he enlisted in the United States Army. Served in 501st 
Parachute Infantry Regiment and 517th Parachute Combat Team 
from 1943 to 1945. seeing action in five campaigns in Italy, 
France, Belgium and Germany, including the invasion of Southern 
France and the Battle of the Bulge; released from active duty 
as First Lieutenant in December of 1945. Organizer and first 
Commanding Officer of the Fayetteville unit of the North Carolina 
National Guard. Worked as Assistant Director of the Institute 
of Government at Chapel Hill from 1946 to 1948 when he estab- 
lished his law office in Fayetteville. Partner in law firm of 
Sanford, Phillips, McCoy and Weaver until 19 60 when he withdrew 
after his election as Governor. Elected President of the North 
Carolina Young Democratic Clubs in 1949; served as a member 
of the State Ports Authority under appointment from Governor 
W. Kerr Scott from 1950 to 1953. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 19 53. State Manager of W. Kerr Scott's campaign 
for U. S. Senate in 195 4. Served as a delegate to the National 
Democratic Conventions of 1956 and 19 60; seconded nomination 
of John F. Kennedy for President at the 1960 National Demo- 
cratic Convention. Won the Democratic nomination for Governor 

397 



398 Noinii Cakoi.ixa Ma.mai. 

on June 25, 1960 and was elected Governor on November 8, 1960. 
Charter member of the Fayetteville Area Industrial Development 
Corporation; Past President and a life member of the Fayette- 
ville Junior Chamber of Commerce; former Director Fayetteville 
Chamber of Commerce; former Chairman Fayetteville Red Cross; 
Past President Fayetteville I'nited Services Fund; Director of 
the Children's Home Society of North Carolina. :\Iason, Shriner 
and Rotarian. Member Veterans of Foreign Wars; former Judge 
Advocate of the North Carolina Department of the American 
Legion. Methodist; served as District Lay Leader for several 
years; first Chairman of Board of Trustees of Methodist College 
at Fayetteville. Married Margaret Rose Knight of Hopkinsville, 
Kentucky, July 4, 1942. Two children: Betsy, age 12 and Terry, 
Jr.. age 8. Address: Fayetteville, N. C. 



HARVEY CLOVl) PHILPOTT 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR 

Harvey Cloyd Philpott, Democrat, was born in Bassett, Virginia, 
April 6, 1909. Son of Benjamin Cabell and Daisy (Hundley) 
Philpott. Attended Lexington High School, 19 21-19 25; Virginia 
Military Institute, A.B. degree, 1929. Furniture manufacturer. 
Board Chairman, United Furniture Corporation and Philpott 
Furniture Corporation of Lexington, N. C. ; President Southern 
Furniture Manufacturers' Association, 1950-1951; Director Mut- 
ual Savings and Loan Association; Director Commercial Bank 
of Lexington. Member Lexington School Board, 1934-1945, 
Chairman, 1943-1945; Lexington Utilities Commission, 1949- 
1956. Mayor of Lexington 1945-1949. Member Junior Order 
United American Mechanics; Patriotic Order Sons of America; 
Lexington Rotary Club, Past President, 1933-1934. Captain of 
Lexington Company, North Carolina State Guard, 1941-19 4 6. 
Representative in General Assembly of 1953, 19 5 5, 1957 and 
1959. Elected Lieutenant Governor, November 8, 19 60. Baptist; 
Deacon; Superintendent of Sunday School, 1935-1937; Chairman 
Board of Deacons, 1941-19 43. Member Board of Trustees Wake 
Forest College. Married Frances Thompson on June 11, 1931. 
Three children: Mrs. Harry Anderson, Jr., Cloyd Philpott, Jr. 
and Betty Joe Philpott. Address: Lexington, N. C. 



BiouKAPiiicAL Sketches 399 

THAI) EIRE 

SECRETARY OF STATE 

Tliad Eure, Democrat, of Hertford County, was born November 
15, 1899, in Gates County, N. C. Son of Tazewell A. and Armecia 
(Langstun) Eure. Attended Gatesville High School, 1913-1917; 
University of North Carolina, 1917-1919; University Law School, 
1921-1922; Doctor of Laws (honorary), Elon College, 1958. 
Lawyer. Mayor of Winton, 1923-1928. County attorney for Hert- 
ford County, 19 23-1931. Member of General Assembly of 19 29, 
representing Hertford County. Principal Clerk of the House of 
Representatives, Sessions of 1931, 1933, 193 5, and Extra Session, 
193 6. Presidential Elector First District of North Carolina, 1932". 
Escheats Agent, University of North Carolina, 1933-1936. Elected 
Secretary of State in the General Election of November 3, 193 6, 
and assumed duties of the office December 21, 1936, by virtue 
of executive appointment, ten days prior to the commencement 
of Constitutional term, on account of a vacancy that then occur- 
red. Re-elected Secretary of State in General Elections of 19 40, 
1944, 1948, 19 5 2, 1956 and 1960. President, Ahoskie Kiwanis 
Club, 1927. Theta Chi Fraternity; Junior Order, B.P.O. Elks 
and a Grand Lodge Chair Officer. 1956; T. P. A.; Chairman Board 
of Trustees, Elon College; American Legion, Forty and Eight; 
President, National Association of Secretaries of State, 1942. 
Keynote speaker. Democratic State Convention, 1950. Congre- 
gational Christian Church. Married Minta Banks of Winton, N. C, 
November 15, 1924. Of this union there are two children, a daugh- 
ter and a son, Mrs. J. Norman Black, Jr. and Thad Eure, Jr. 
Legal residence, Winton, Hertford County, N. C. Official address: 
State Capitol, Raleigh. 

HEXHV LEE IJKIDGES 

STATE AUDITOR 

Henry Lee Bridges, Democrat, was born in Franklin County, 
N. C, June 10, 1907. Son of John Joseph and Ida Loraine (Car- 
roll) Bridges. Attended Wakelon High School, 1914-1920; Wiley 
School, Raleigh, 1921; Wakelon High School, 1922; Millbrook 
High School, 1923-1925; Mars Hill Junior College, A.B. degree, 
1929; Wake Forest College, B.A. degree, 1931; Wake Forest Law 



400 North Caholi.na Manual 

School, 1932-1933. Attorney-at-law. Member of the Greensboro 
Bar Association; N. C. State Bar. Deputy Clerk, Superior Court 
of Guilford County, August, 1935-September, 1940; December, 
1941-October, 1942; December, 194 5-June 1, 19 4 6. (Break in 
dates caused by Military Service). Secretary and Treasurer, Guil- 
ford County Democratic Executive Committee, 19 33-1940. Presi- 
dent National Association of State Auditors, Comptrollers and 
Treasurers, 1957; Executive Director National Association of 
State Auditors, Comptrollers and Treasurers, 1958-. Member 
and Past Master of Greensboro Lodge No. 7 6 Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons. Choraz in Chapter No. 13 Royal Arch Masons; 
Ivanhoe Commandery No. 8 Knights Templar; Sudan Temple 
A. A.O.N. M.S.; Societas Rosecrucians in Civitatibus Foederatis; 
Raleigh Lions Club. Enlisted in National Guard May. 1934, as a 
Private; promoted to Sergeant, February, 1935; commissioned 
Second Lieutenant, June 18, 1935; commissioned First Lieuten- 
ant, November 18, 1939; promoted to Captain, January 28, 1943; 
to Major on inactive status, January 17, 1947. Entered Federal 
Service, September 16, 1940; released from active duty Novem- 
ber 2, 1941; recalled to active duty October 7, 1942; relieved 
from active duty December 14, 1945. Veteran World War II, 
Post No. 53 American Legion Local; Local No. 50 6 Forty and 
Eight. Deacon, Hayes Barton Baptist Church; member Board 
of Trustees Wake Forest College, 1949-1952, 1955-1958 and 1960. 
Appointed State Auditor February 15, 19 47; elected four-year 
term 1948; re-elected 1952, 1956 and 1960. Married Clarice 
Hines, December 12, 193 6. Two children: Joseph Henry, age 
eighteen years; George Hines, age fifteen years. Home address: 
2618 Grant Ave., Raleigh, N. C. 



EDWIN MAURICE GILL 

STATE TREASURER 

Edwin Maurice Gill, Democrat, was born in Laurinburg, N. C, 
July 20, 1899. Son of Thomas Jeffries and Mamie (North) Gill. 
Graduate of Laurinburg High School; Trinity College, 19 2 2-19 2 4. 
Representative in the General Assembly from Scotland County, 
1929 and 1931. Private Secretary, Governor Gardner, 1931-193 3; 
Commissioner of Paroles, 1933-194 2; appointed Commissioner of 



TlKid Eure 

Secretary of State 

Henry L. Bridges 
State Auditor 

EdHiii Gill 

State Treasurer 



Charles F. Carroll 

Superintendent of Puljlic 
Instruction 



Wade Bruton 

Attorney General 

L. Y. Ballentine 

Commissioner of Agriculture 



Frank Crane 

Commissioner of Labor 

Cliarles F. Gold 

Commissioner of Insurance 




402 NoiM'ii C'Aitoi.i.NA Mam Ai. 

Revenue by Governor Broughton, serving from July 1. l^A2 to 
July 1. 1949. Admitted to the Bar, January 28, 1924, and prac- 
tic-ed law in Laurinburg, 1924-1931 as a member of the firm of 
Gibson and Gill, and practiced law in Washington, D. C, 1949- 
1950 as a member of the firm of Gardner, Morrison & Rogers. 
Member of North Carolina Bar Association and the Bar of the 
District of Columbia. Collector and Director of Internal Revenue, 
Greensboro, N. C, 1950-1953. Appointed by Governor Umstead 
Treasurer of North Carolina, July 20, 1953, and elected to this 
office November 2, 1954. Re-elected for four year term, November 
6, 1956 and November 8, 19 60. Ex-officio: Chairman of State 
Banking Commission; Chairman of Local Government Commis- 
sion; Director of Local Government; Chairman of Tax Review 
Board; Chairman and Investment Officer of Board of Trustees 
of Teachers' & State Employees' Retirement System: member of 
Board of Commissioners of the Law Enforcement Officers' Benefit 
and Retirement Fund; member and Investment Officer for Board 
of Trustees of Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System; 
member of State Board of Education; member of State Board of 
Assessment; member of the Sinking Fund Commission. President 
American Parole Association, 1940-1941; President Southeastern 
State Probation and Parole Association, 1939-1940; Director 
American Prison Association, 193 9-19 40. Elected member of 
Executive Committee of the National Tax Association in 1944 
for three year term. Elected member of Executive Committee of 
National Association of Tax Administrators in 1946 for two-year 
term. Former member of N. C. Probation Commission. Member 
of State Art Commission since August 1, 1951. Member of the 
American Legion; Sigma Nu Phi, Legal Fraternity; Omicron Delta 
Kappa, Leadership Fraternity, honorary member, Duke University, 
1940. LL.D., Duke University June 8, 1959. Methodist. Address: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

('HAKLE8 FISHER CAKHOLL 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

Charles Fisher Carroll, Democrat, was born in Warsaw, N. C, 
March 31, 1900. Son of Charles Fisher and Agnes (Robinson) 
Carroll. Attended public schools of Warsaw, 1906-1915; Trin- 
ity Park School, 1915-1917; A.B., Trinity College. 1921; M.Ed. 



Biographical Sketches 403 

Duke University, 1930, LL.D. (honorary) 1954; LL.D. (honorary), 
High Point College, 1952. Teacher and coach of athletics Vance 
County Farm Life School, Middleburg, N. C, 1921-19-22. Prin- 
cipal Buena Vista High School, R.F.D., Henderson, x\. C, 1922- 
1923; Newport Consolidated School, Newport, N. C, 1923-1924 
and 19 25-1929; Long Creek-Grady School, Pender County, 1924- 
1925; Bryson City Elementary and Swain County High Schools, 
Bryscn City, N. C. 1929-1932. Superintendent Swain County 
Schools and Supervising Principal of Bryson City Elementary and 
Swain County High Schools, 1932-1937. Superintendent High 
Point City Schools, High Point, N. C, 1937 to August, 1952. 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction for North Carolina 
since August, 19 52. Member North Carolina Education Associa- 
tion, National Education Association, American Association of 
School Administrators. Member N. C. High School Textbook 
Committee, 193 6-19 43; N. C. Committee on Secondary Schools, 
Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, 1945- 
1950; N. C. Education Commission, 1947-1949; former member 
Policies Committee of Superintendents' Division of North Caro- 
lina Education Association. President, Council of Chief State 
School Officers, 1960-1961; Member Commission on Accreditation 
of (Armed) Service Experiences of the American Council on 
Education; Advisory Council of Project Talent, University of 
Pittsburg; National Commission on Safety Education of the Na- 
tional Education Association; member, and Advisory Councilman 
on Education for Exceptional Children of Southern Regional 
Education Board; President, Associated Public School Systems, 
1951-1952; member, Ex-Officio, Board of Trustees of Greater 
University; member of Board, Ex-Officio, of N. C. State Art 
Society, Library Commission of N. C, Teachers' and State 
Employees' Retirement System, Local Government Employees' 
Retirement System, N. C. Recreation Commission and The N. C. 
Symphony Society, Inc. Former State Director of Rural Education 
of the Department of Rural Education of the National Education 
Association. Honorary member and Past President of Rotary 
Club of High Point. Former member High Point Housing Au- 
thority, Parks and Recreation Commission, Library Board and 
former Chairman of Budget Committee of High Point Community 
Chest. Mason. Phi Beta Kappa. Member Beta Omega Sigma, 
Kappa Delta Pi and Omicron Delta Kappa fraternities. Co- 



404 NoKTii Cakolina Manual 

ordinator of Civilian Defense, High Point, 1943-1945. Student 
Army Training Corps, 1918. Methodist. Former Chairman of 
Board of Stewards in Bryson City Methodist Church and Wesley 
Memorial Church in High Point. Married Nellie Jane Wynne of 
Williamston, N. C. One son, Charles, Jr. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

THOMAS WADE BKUTON 

ATTORNEY GENERAL 

Thomas Wade Bruton, Democrat, was born in Capelsie, N. C, 
September 10, 1902. Son of David Dudley and Susan Eleanor 
(Wade) Bruton. Attended Montgomery County Public Schools; 
Virginia Military Institute, A.B. degree, 19 25; Duke University 
Law School, 1925-1927. Admitted to practice law in North 
Carolina in 1927. Member North Carolina Bar Association; 
Honorary Order of the Coif (1960), Duke University. Representa- 
tive from Montgomery County in the General Assembly of 19 29 
and 1931. Member Officers Reserve Corps, 1925-19 40; 2nd 
and 1st Lieutenant Calvary Reserve; active duty with U. S. Army, 
1942-1946, Captain to Lieutenant Colonel; Colonel, JAGC, North 
Carolina National Guard since 1955. Member Kappa Sigma Social 
Fraternity, Duke University. Methodist. Married Marion Sheppard 
Piatt (now deceased) in 1928. Address: Justice Building, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

lANTON YATES BALLENTINE 

COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE 

Lynton Yates Ballentine, Democrat, was born at Varina, Wake 
County, N. C, April 6, 1899. Son of James Erastus and Lillian 
(Yates) Ballentine. Attended Oakwood and Cardenas Elementary 
Schools and Holly Springs High School, 1913-1917. Graduated 
from Wake Forest College in 1921 with an A.B. degree, having 
specialized in Political Economy. Awarded honorary degree of 
Doctor of Agriculture by North Carolina State College, 19 53. 
Dairyman, farmer and businessman. Member Wake County Board 
of Commissioners, 19 26-193 4; Executive Committee of the Na- 
tional Association of State Departments of Agriculture; North 
Carolina Board of Farm Organizations and Agricultural Agencies; 



BlOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES 405 

charter member and Director of the Agricultural Foundation of 
North Carolina State College; Chairman, United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture Marketing Advisory Committee; member, 
Board of Trustees, Wake Forest College; member of the Grange; 
Farm Bureau; Raleigh Kiwanis Club; Phi Kappa Phi and Omicron 
Delta Kappa honorary fraternities. State Senator from the Thir- 
teenth Senatorial District, 1937, 1939, 1941 and 1943. Member 
Board of Agriculture, 1941-1944. Elected Lieutenant Governor 
November 7, 1944. Elected Chairman State Board of Education, 
1945. Elected Commissioner of Agriculture, November 2, 1948; 
re-elected November 4, 1952", November 6, 1956 and November 
8, 1960. Named "Man of the Year in Service to North Carolina 
Agriculture" for 1951 by the Progressive Farmer and "Man of 
the Year" by the North Carolina Farm Bureau Federation in 
January, 195 2. A charter member of the Fuquay Springs Post 
of the American Legion. Baptist. Address: Varina, N. C. 



FRANK CRANE 

COMMISSIONER OF LABOR 

Frank Crane, Democrat, was born at Waxhaw, N. C, August 
18, 1907. Son of James Thomas and Mary Emma (Lathan) 
Crane. Attended Marvin Elementary School, 1913-1918; Wed- 
dington Institute, 1919-1922; Prospect High School, 1923-19 27; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 1931; University of North 
Carolina Summer School of 1931, 1932, 1933 and 1934; night 
course in Personnel Management, North Carolina State College, 
1939. Athletic Director and Instructor, Welcome High School in 
Davidson County, 1931-1934. Safety Director, North Carolina In- 
dustrial Commission, 1934-1938; Administrative Assistant, North 
Carolina Employment Service, 1938-1939; Factory and Wage and 
Hour Inspector, North Carolina Department of Labor, 1939-1940; 
Director of Conciliation and Arbitration Division, 1941-1954. 
Appointed Commissioner of Labor by Governor William B. 
Umstead for the unexpired term of the late Forrest H. Shuford, 
June 3, 1954; elected to the office of Commissioner of Labor in 
the General Elections of November 2, 1954; re-elected for four 
years November 6, 1956 and November 8, 19 60. Ex-officio mem- 
ber N. C. Employ the Physically Handicapped Commission. Mem- 



406 NouTii C.viiui.i.XA Maalal 

ber Governor's Nuclear Energy Advisory Connnittee; Governor's 
Committee on Studying Problems of Aging, and Governor's Dele- 
gate to the 19 61 White House Conference on Aging; Executive 
Board International Association of Governmental Labor Officials; 
Board of the Governor's Occupational Health Council; Advisory 
Committee to the U. S. Surgeon General on Occupational Health. 
President's Committee on Safety. Association of State Mediation 
Agencies; Society for the Advancement of Management; Ameri- 
can and State Forestry Associations. Attended twenty-five annual 
meetings of Southern Industrial Relations Conference. Member 
Board of Directors Wake County Chapter, American Red Cross, 
and Chairman First Aid Committee. Member Carolina Bird Club; 
Raleigh Elks Club; Raleigh Torch Club; Executives Club of 
Raleigh. Methodist. Married Edith Peacock, January 1, 19:58. 
Address: 80 2 Williamson Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



CHARLES FOHTLXE GOLD 

COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE 

Charles P'ortune Gold, Democrat, was born in Ellenboro, N. C, 
December 17, 1911. Son of Hattie Poe (Johnson) and the late 
Dr. Charles F. Gold. Attended Blue Ridge School for Boys, Hen- 
dersonville, N. C, graduating in 1930; Davidson College, B.S., 
1934; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1937. At- 
torney. Member, Rutherford County Bar Association and North 
Carolina State Bar; Rutherford County Club. Member and former 
Commander of Fred Williams Post No. 7 5, American Legion; 
Forty and Eight and Disabled American Veterans. Member, Sigma 
Phi Epsilon Fraternity. Solicitor of Rutherford County Recorder's 
Court, 1939 and 1940; Judge, 1941, resigning in summer of 1942 
in order to enter armed forces. Secretary to Congressman A. L. 
Bulwinkle from December 1. 19 43 to March 1, 19 50. President 
Rutherford County Young Democratic Club, 1939. National Com- 
mitteeman of the Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina, 
19 41-1946. Member Board of Trustees Alexander Schools at 
Union Mills, and member of Board of Trustees of Western Caro- 
lina Teachers College at Cullowhee. Private in Army Air Corps 
from Julv 27, 19 42 to March 5, 19 43. State Senator from the 



Biographical Sketches 407 

Twenty-seventh Senatorial District, 1951. Appointed Commis- 
sioner of Insurance November 16, 19 53 to fill unexpired term; 
nominated and elected for remainder of term in November, 1954; 
re-elected for four year term November 6, 1956 and November 8, 
1960. Episcopalian: Vestryman. Married Ernestine Bailey, June 
G, 1946. Tvv^o daughters, Patsy Lee Gold and Elizabeth Foushee 
Gold. Home address: Rutherfordton, N. C. 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS 
APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNOR 

HIGH CAXXOX 

ASSISTANT TO THE C.OVF.HNOR 

Hugh Cannon, Democrat, was born in Albemarle, N. C, October 
11, 1931. Son of Hubert N. and Nettie (Harris) Cannon. At- 
tended Lancaster (S. C.) High School, 1944-1949; Davidson 
College, A.B., 1953; Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University (Eng- 
land), B.A. and M.A., 1955; Harvard Law School, LL.B., 195S. 
Lawyer. Member North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina Bar 
Association; Phi Beta Kappa, Omicron Delta Kappa and Phi Gam- 
ma Delta fraternities. Methodist. Married Jessie Mercer Immel, 
January 28, 195 6. Two children: John Stuart and Charles 
Marshall. Address: 163 Pasquotank Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



THOMAS WILLIS LAMBETH 

ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE GOVERNOR 

Thomas Willis Lambeth, Democrat, was born in Clayton, N. C, 
January 8, 193 5. Son of Mark Thomas and Ina Henrietta (Willis) 
Lambeth. Attended University of North Carolina, A. B. in History, 
1957; University of North Carolina, graduate study in History, 
1958. Member Phi Alpha Theta, honorary history fraternity; 
Amphoterothen Society, Order of the Golden Fleece, Order of 
the Holy Grail and Order of the Old Well, honorary societies at 
the University of North Carolina. Director of Student Union, 
University of North Carolina, 1957-1958. Active duty U. S. 
Army, Fort Jackson, S. C. and U. S. Army Signal SchooL Ft. 
Monmouth, N. J., 1958-1959; now P. F. C. in U. S. Army Reserve. 
Member News Staff of Winston-Salem Journal, 1959-1960. Meth- 
odist. Address: 6 2'3-C Daniels Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

408 



Biographical Sketches 409 

CLAUDE THOMAS ROWERS 

THE ADJUTANT GENERAL 

Claude Thomas Bowers, Democrat, was born in Littleton, N. C, 
July 18, 1899. Son of T. R. and Mary (Dowtin) Bowers. Attended 
Bowers Private School, 1905-1914; Aurelian Springs High School, 
1914-1918; North Carolina State College, 1918. Distributor of 
petroleum products. Member North Carolina Oil Jobbers Associ- 
ation, on Board of Directors, 1957; Warren County Chamber of 
Commerce, President, 1957-1958; Board of Town Commissioners, 
1947-1951; Warren County Development Corp., President since 
1953; Bute Development Corp., Chairman, Board of Directors 
since 19 55; Capital Area Development Association, President, 
1958-1959; North Carolina Veterans Commission, Chairman, 1958- 
1961. Member 40 & 8; Warrenton Lion's Club, President, 193 6- 
1938; American Legion, Commander, 1927-192'8, 1936-1938; 
Occoneechee Council, Boy Scouts of America, Silver Beaver Award, 
1951. Served in U. S. Arniy from September 18, 1918 to November 
7, 1918, and from September 16, 1940 to January 15, 1946 as 
Private to Colonel of the Line; attended Infantry School (Basic 
Course), 1930, and Infantry School (Advance Course), 1940. 
Served in North Carolina National Guard from January 18, 19 21 
to September 15, 1940, and from January 16, 1946 to March 31, 
19 58 as Private to Major General. Member National Guard As- 
sociation of the United States. Member Warrenton Baptist Church; 
Board of Deacons, 1952-1955, 1957-1960; Chairman of Finance 
Committee since 1954. Married Hattie Connell, 1925. One daugh- 
ter: Mrs. Stanley S. Betts. Address: Warrenton, N. C. 

DAVID STANTON COLTRANE 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION 

David Stanton Coltrane, Democrat, was born in Randolph Coun- 
ty, N. C, July 27, 1893. Son of James Ruffian and Martha Ann 
(Stanton) Coltrane. Attended Cedar Square Elementary School; 
Jamestown High School, 1911-1914; Guilford College; N. C. 
State College, Class of 1918. Farmer. Assistant Director of the 
Budget since July 1, 1949. Member National Association of State 
Budget Officers; President American Association of Fertilizer 



■^10 NiiiM 11 ('ai;()i.j.\a Mam al 

Control onicials, 19 17; President National Association of State 
Budget Officers, 19 58-195 9; President Southern Association of 
Feed Control Officials, 1946. Assistant Commissioner of Agri- 
culture, 193 7-1947; Commissioner of Agriculture, February, 
1948 to January, 1949. Member of N. C. State Grange. Member, 
Democratic Farm Policy Committee, 1960. Recipient of N. C. 
Farm Bureau Award for nistinguished Service to Agriculture, 
19 44. Member Board of Trustees, Wesleyan Methodist College. 
Methodist; Chairman Board of Stewards, 1947; President, "Meth- 
odist Men" of Edenton Street Methodist Church, 1956; President, 
Men's Class, Edenton Street Methodist Church, 1958-1959. Mar- 
ried Leia Hayworth, August 10, 192(1. Children: Major James 
Ralph Coltrane and Martha Sue Coltrane Robertson. Address: 
1611 Oberlin Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

WILIJA^I SCOTT HUNT 

CHAIRMAN STATE HOARD OF ALCOHOLIC CONTROL 

William Scott Hunt, Democrat, was born in Richmond, Virginia, 
October 30, 1905. Son of W. Scott and Mary (Eddens) Hunt. 
Attended Oxford, N. C, High School, graduating in 1925. Mem- 
ber North Carolina Highway Patrol for twenty-three years. Mem- 
ber Raleigh Kiwanis Club; Past President of Warrenton Kiwanis 
Club; Past Vice President Asheville Kiwanis Club. Appointed 
Chairman State Board of Alcoholic Control by Governor Hodges. 
February 1, 1958. Baptist. Married Mary Taylor, December 30, 
1926. Children: William Scott Hunt, Jr., and Mary Jean Hunt, 
Address: 1407 Brooks Ave., Raleigh, N. C. 

BENJAMIN ROBINSON HOBEKTS 

COMMISSIONER OF BANKS 

(Appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Senate) 
Benjamin Robinson Roberts, Democrat, was born in Blacks- 
burg, S. C, July 27, 1893. Son of Charles P. and Eliza (Hall) 
Roberts. Attended Shelby Public Schools. Engaged in Newspaper 
work from 1913 to 1917; worked with Southern Railway Com- 
pany, 1917-1921; entered banking business in 1921; bank exami- 
ner for State of North Carolina, 10 26-193 2; Vice President of 



Biographical Sketches 411 

Durham Loan & Trust in 193 2 and promoted to President in 
1950. Past President North Carolina Bankers Association, Dur- 
ham Community Ch9st and Durham Y.M.C.A.; former member 
of Executive Committee of North Carolina Bankers Association, 
Executive Committee of American Bankers Association, Execu- 
tive Committee of the North Carolina Citizens Association, Inc., 
and Executive Committee of the Home Security Life Insurance 
Company. Former Regional and State Vice President of American 
Bankers Association; Past President and member Board of Direc- 
tors of State School for Blind at Raleigh; former member Dur- 
ham City Council. Member Board of Directors and President of 
Hospital Care Association; Board of Directors Security Savings 
and Loan Association of Durham; Durham Klwanis Club; former 
State Vice-chairman of U. S. Saving Bond Division. Appointed 
North Carolina Commissioner of Banks by Governor Luther H. 
Hodges on November 12, 19 57. Member St. Phillip's Episcopal 
Church of Durham; Senior Warden and member of Vestry; form- 
er member Executive Committee Diocese of North Carolina; form- 
er Chairman Finance Committee Diocese of North Carolina. Mar- 
ried Louise Harris of Raleigh, N. C, 1919. Two daughters: Mrs. 
James O. Holt, Jr., and Mrs. Donald Fetner. Address: 108 Bu- 
chanan Boulevard, Durham, N. C. 



SHEM KEAHXKV I5LACKLEV, SR. 

COMMISSIONER NORTH CAROLINA BURIAL 
ASSOCIATIONS AND PERPETUAL CARE CEMETERIES 

Shem Kearney Blackley, Sr., Democrat, was born in Wake Coun- 
ty near Raleigh on April 18, 1896. Son of Charles Rufus and 
Willie Marcellus (Thompson) Blackley. Attended Murphy School, 
Raleigh, N. C, 1902-1912; Cheraw Elementary School, Cheraw, 
S. C, 1912-1914; Hamlet Elementary School, Hamlet, N. C. 1915- 
1917; Cluster Springs Academy, Cluster Springs, Va., 1917-1918. 
Served as Athletic Director and Coach In Hamlet High School until 
1923. Employed by Traveler's Insurance Company from 1925 to 
1955, retiring as District Croup Supervisor at Charlotte, N. C. 
Chairman U. S. O. of Cleveland County during World War 1; 
Chairman U. S. O. Organization, 19 57-1958; State Vice-Chalrman 
U. S. O. since 1957; member National U. S. O. Board since 1959. 



412 NoiMii Carolina Manual 

Chairman American Field Service Foreign Exchange Students 
since 1956. Member District Committee Piedmont Boy Scouts of 
Piedmont Council; Third Army Advisory Committee; Masonic 
Lodge; Junior Order United American Mechanics; Shelby Rotary 
Club, Past President; member Youth program and District Gov- 
ernor Advisory Committee. "Man of the Year", Shelby, N. C, 1957. 
Served in United States Navy, 1918-1919. Member of Central 
Methodist Church of Shelby; member of Official Board; President 
Hoey Bible Class; Chairman Ushers Committee. Married Adeline 
Price Bostic, August 23, 1928. One son, Shem Kearney Blackley, 
Jr. Address: 505 S. Washington Street, Shelby, N. C. 

EDWARD FOSTER GRIFFIN 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA CIVIL DEFENSE AGENCY 

Edward Foster Griffin, Democrat, was born in Louisburg, N. C, 
November 4, 1900. Son of Paul B. and Frances Wilder Griffin. 
Graduate Louisburg High School; University of North Carolina, 
1920-1922; Wake Forest College Law School, 1922-1923. Re- 
ceived law license in August, 1923. Lawyer. Member N. C. State 
Bar Inc.; Franklin County Bar Association, past president; past 
president 7th Judicial District Bar Association. Solicitor Franklin 
County Recorders Court, 1936-1940; Franklin County Attorney, 
1946-1954; member State Democratic Executive Committee, 194 6- 
1953; Chairman Franklin County Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee, 1946-1953. State Senator from the 6th Senatorial District in 
the General Assembly of 19 33 and 1935. Director of N. C. Civil 
Defense since March 1, 1954. Enlisted in the N. C. National 
Guard, 113th F. A. Regiment, October 1, 19 23; inducted into the 
Federal Service, September 16, 19 40, and commanded the 113th 
Field Artillery Battalion as part of the 30th Infantry Division 
through World War II, participating in five major engagements 
in the European Theatre of Operations; discharged in November 
of 194 6 and again joined the N. C. National Guard in August 
of 1947 as Division Artillery Executive Officer; now holds rank 
of Major General and has commanded the 30th Infantry Division 
(Old Hickory) of North Carolina National Guard since April 1, 
1959. Member American Legion, past Commander Louisburg 
Post; 40 & 8 past Chef-de-gare. Mason, past Master Louisburg 
Lodge 413 A. F. & A. M.; 32nd Degree Scottish Rite; Shriner. 



Biographical Sketches 413 

Methodist; Steward for twenty years; Trustee; Lay Speaker. 
Married Mildred Scott Griffin, June 18, 19 25. One daugliter, 
Mrs. Nancy Griffin Person of Greensboro, N. C. Home address: 
105 Sunset Avenue, Louisburg, N. C. Official Address: Raleigh, 
N. C. 

HAKGIiOVE BOWLES, JR. 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 

Hargrove Bowles, Jr., Democrat, was born in Monroe, N. C, 
November 16, 1919. Son of the late Hargrove Bowles and Kelly 
Bess (Moneyhun) Bowles, who lives in Greensboro. Attended 
Monroe Public Schools; Monroe High School, graduating in 19 37; 
University of North Carolina; studied for one year in Hartford 
(Conn.) Accident and Indemnity Schools. Returned to North 
Carolina and became connected with Thomas and Howard in 
Greensboro, a large chain of wholesale grocery firms, then headed 
by his father-in-law, E. E. Boyce. Later became President of 
the firm, holding that position until the companies were sold in 
195 6. Appointed Director Department of Conservation and De- 
velopment by Governor Terry Sanford and assumed duties of that 
office on January 9, 1961. A director of Wise Homes, Inc.; First 
Union National Bank of North Carolina; Security Group, Inc. of 
Greensboro; Accident and Indemnity Insurance Company of 
Greensboro; Carolina Coffee Company, Inc., of Charleston, S. C; 
Austin-Heater Company of Durham; Northside Development 
Corporation, shopping center developers and housing contractors. 
Mason; member Beta Theta Pi Fraternity. Served in U. S. Army 
as enlisted man from 1943 to 1945. Member West Market Street 
Methodist Church; member Board of Stewards. Married Jessa- 
mine Woodward Boyce of Gastonia, N. C, June 25, 1941. Child- 
ren: Hargrove, III. Erskine Boyce, Mary Holland and Martha 
Thomas. Official address: Education Building, Raleigh, N. C. 
Home address: 700 Country Club Drive, Greensboro, N. C. 

HENRY E. KENDALL 

CHAIRMAN EMPLOYMENT SECURITY COMMISSION 

Henry E. Kendall, Democrat, was born in Shelby, N. C, August 
24, 1905. Son of Henry E. and Mary Whitelaw (Wiseman) Kend- 



414 Ndiriii Cakoi.i.na Mantal 

all. Attended Shelby Public Schools; N. C. State College, 1922- 
1926, B.S. degree in Civil Engineering. Member Pi Kappa Alpha; 
Tlieta Tail Engineering Fraternity; Tau Beta Pi (Scholastic) and 
Phi Kappa Phi (Honor) fraternities. Engineer witli Plumer 
Wiseman & Co., Danville, Va., 19 26-19 30; Assistant office man- 
ager Dibrell Bros, tobacconists, Shanghai, China, 1931-193 6; en- 
gineer N. C. State School Commission, Raleigh, N. C, 1937-1942. 
Commissioned 1st Lt. Engineers Corps, U. S. Army, September 
IS, 1942; served twenty months in European Tlieatre Opera- 
tions and eight months in Asiatic Pacific; separated with rank of 
Lt Colonel, August 7, 1946. Appointed Chairman, Unemploy- 
ment Compensation Commission (now Employment Security Coni- 
n.Jssiou) by Governor R. Gregg Cherry, July 1, 1946; reappoint- 
ed by Governor W. Kerr Scott in 19 49 for four-year term; reap- 
pointed by Governor William B. Umstead in 19 53 for four-year 
term; reappointed by Governor Luther H. Hodges in 1957 for 
four-year term. Member Lions Club; N. C. Society of Engineers; 
Raleigh Engineers Club; American Legion (member of State Ad- 
ministrative Committee, 1950-1954 and 1960-1964). Mason. Reg- 
istered Engineer. President General Alumni Association N. C. 
State College, 19 49-19 50; Chairman Executive Committee Alumni 
Association, 19 50-19 51. Vice-President Region IV Interstate Con- 
ference of Employment Security Agencies, 1950-1952 and 1958- 
19 59. President Interstate Conference of Employment Security 
Agencies, 1953-1954. Member Legislative Committee same or- 
ganization. Listed in Who's Who in the South and Southwest. 
Married Eliza Katharine Kerr of Yanceyville, N. C. Presbyterian. 
Address: 2814 Exeter Circle, Raleigh, N. C. 



MEKHILL EVAXS 

CHAIRMAN STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION 

Merrill Evans, Democrat, was born in Grandy, Currituck Coun- 
ty. N. C, February 26, 190 4. Son of Jesse Jarvis and Sirley 
(Woodhouse) Evans. Attended Grandy Graded School, 1910- 
1917; Poplar Branch High School, 1917-1921; William & Mary 
College, 1921-1925, B.A. degree. Farm supply and life insurance 
dealer; public relations. Member State Highway and Public Works 
Commission, 1945-1949; Hertford County Commissioner, 19 54- 



Biociii.vpiiicAi. Sketchks 415 

1960. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1941 and 1943; 
Representative from Hertford County in the General Assembly of 
1945. Baptist; Moderator West Chowan Baptist Association. 
1956-1957; Teacher Business Men's Radio Bible Class, First 
Baptist Church of Ahoskie since 1941; has served at various times 
as Chairman Board of Deacons and Chairman Finance Committee. 
Married Margaret Smith of Natchez, Mississippi, January IS, 1930. 
Children: Andre J. Evans and Merrill Evans, Jr. Address: 415 
Curtis Street, Ahoskie, N. C. 

J. AV. BEAN 

CHAIRMAN NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

J. W. Bean, Democrat, was born in Montgomery County. N. C, 
December 7, 1893. Son of O. D. and Annie (Cornelison) Bean. 
Attended Montgomery County grammar and high schools; Ether 
Academy. Taught two years in a public school. Accepted a posi- 
tion with the Southern Railway as Clerk, 1916, at Spencer. N. C, 
and was promoted to various positions, including General Fore- 
man of Southern Railway Supply Department. Identified with 
several railroad organizations. Served as alderman and mayor 
pro tem of Town of Spencer, N. C. Chairman, Spencer School 
Board, 1928-1946. Served as Chairman of the Rowan County 
School Board Association and as Chairman of Spencer Precinct 
Democratic Executive Committee for a number of years. Secretary 
to Rowan County Democratic Executive Committee, 1928-1950. 
Representative from Rowan County in the General Assembly of 
1933 and 193 5. Secured leave-of-absence from the Southern Rail- 
way Company in 193 5 for six months to help organize the North 
Carolina Works Progress Administration as State Director of 
Labor-Management and Relations. Appointed by Governor Hoey 
as a member of the North Carolina Manpower Commission. Ap- 
pointed by Governor Broughton as a member of the Selective 
Service Board of Appeals, District No. 6, serving for the dura- 
tion of the war. Appointed by Governor Cherry as a member of 
a nine-man committee to study the needs of Area Vocational 
Schools in North Carolina. Appointed by Governor Cherry in 
1945 to a one-year term on the North Carolina Aledical Care 
Commission and re-appointed in 1946 for a four-year term. Ap- 
pointed North Carolina Industrial Commissioner by Governor 



41G NoiiTii Cai!()i.i.\a Mam a I. 

Scott on April 1. 1949. to fill two-year unexpired term; reap- 
pointed on May 1, 1951, for full six-year term. Appointed Chair- 
man North Carolina Industrial Commmission by Governor Hodges 
on December 2 2, 1954 and reappointed by Governor Hodges for 
a full six-year term on August 15. 19 57. Baptist. Married Annie 
Stutts of Seagrove, N. C. Three children: two sons and one 
daughter. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

GKADY MEK( ER 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

Grady Mercer, Democrat, was born in Beulaville, N. C, January 
18. 190 6. Son of Louis Albert and Frances (Grady) Mercer. At- 
tended Beulaville Grammar School; Beulaville High School, 19 23- 
27; University of North Carolina, A.B. degree in education and 
LL.B. in law. Lawyer and farmer. Member Duplin County Bar 
Association and North Carolina Bar Association. President 4th 
Judicial District Bar, 1957; Secretary-Treasurer 4th Judicial 
District Bar, 1956; Solicitor General County Court, 1946-54; 
former Judge of the General County Court of Duplin County. 
Attorney for Town of Beulaville, 1945-50; Secretary Beula- 
ville School Board for four years and Chairman for four years; 
Chairman Committee for the Celebration of the President's 
Birthday in Duplin County, 1938; Chairman Duplin County Red 
Cross, 19 58; Chairman Duplin County Easter Seal Drive, 1950; 
President of Young Democratic Club in Duplin County, 1940-44. 
Member North Carolina Farm Bureau; Woodmen of the World; 
Eastern Star; Masonic Order and Shrine; Worthy Patron of Beu- 
laville Chapter of the Eastern Star; Master of Beulaville Masonic 
Lodge, 1940; President of Duplin County Shrine Club, 1958. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 19 59. Baptist. Married Mary 
Harriett Scarborough of Lancaster, S. C, September, 1934. 
Children: Ella Rose and Grady, Jr. Residence: Beulaville, N. C. 

ROBERT BROOKES PETERS, JR. 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION 

Robert Brookes Peters, Jr.. Democrat, was born in Tarboro, N. 
C, May 4, 1898. Son of Robert Brookes and Sallie Cotton (Brown) 



Biographical Sketches 417 

Peters. Attended Tai'boro Graded and High School, graduating 
in 1915; Davidson College, B.S., 1919; Rocky Mount Law School, 
studying under the late Judge George P. Pell and graduating in 
1931. Lawyer. Admitted to practice in the United States Supreme 
Court. Member North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar; Wake County Bar Association; Raleigh Rotary Club, 
President, 19 54-195 5; Beta Theta Pi; Phi Beta Kappa; Raleigh 
Torch Club, President, 1953-1954; Adjutant and Commander 
Tarboro American Legion Post. Holder of the Silver Beaver 
Award, Boy Scouts of America. jMayor Town of Tarboro, 1937- 
1941; Lands Division, Department of Justice and Special Assis- 
tant to the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of N. C. 
in Wilmington, 1943-194 6; General Counsel, State Highway and 
Public Works Commission, 1946-19 57; Assistant Attorney Gen- 
eral assigned to State Highway Commission, 19 57-1958. Appointed 
as member of North Carolina Industrial Commission, January 6, 
1958. Second Lieutenant in Infantry, United States Army, 1918. 
Presbyterian; former Deacon; Elder since 1935; Sunday School 
Superintendent, 19 22-193 2. Married Mary Wharton Wooten, 
June 8, 1922. Children: Robert Brookes Peters, III, and William 
Wooten Peters. Address: 1341 Canterbury Rd., Raleigh N. C. 



EDWARD SCHEIDT 

COMMISSIONER OF MOTOR VEHICLES 

Edward Scheldt, Democrat, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, 
January 20, 1903. Son of John and Anna (Kerber) Scheldt. 
Attended Winston-Salem High School, Class of 1921; University 
of North Carolina, A.B., 19 26; University of North Carolina Law 
School, LL.B., 1931. Admitted to the North Carolina Bar in 1931. 
Worked with Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1931-19 53, serving 
as Special Agent in charge of the Charlotte, New York and De- 
troit offices. Member Society of former Special Agents of the 
F. B. I.; Chi Phi Social Fraternity; Omicron Delta Kappa Hon- 
orary Fraternity. Lutheran. Married Ruth Schwenck, August 28, 
1933. Two daughters, Elsa and Ruth. Address: 2338 Hathaway 
Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



418 Noinii Cakoi.i.na M.vm'.m. 

JOHNSON >IATTHK\VS 

CHAIRMAN NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

Johnson Matthews, Democrat, was born at Riverton, Scotland 
County. N. C. September 29. IS 99. Son of Walter Jesse and 
Mary (Johnson) Matthews. Attended Riverton High School and 
Spring Hill High School. 1907-1918; Walte Forest College, A.B.. 
1922; Wake Forest College Law School. 1927. Served in World 
War I as Private, 1918. Representative from Scotland County 
in the General Assembly of 1927. Baptist. Married Nina Horner, 
June 15, 1940. One daugliter. Home Address: 1606 Carolina 
Avenue, Durham. N. C. Official address: Raleigh. N. C. 

AVILLIE ANDREW BKAME 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

Willie Andrew Brame, Democrat, was born in Vance County, 
N. C, August 23, 188 6. Son of George W. and Geneva (Jackson) 
Brame. Attended Red Oak High School; Wake Forest College. 
Served as Mayor of Town of Wendell for two terms; Judge of 
Wendell Recorders Court for more than twenty-seven years. Ser- 
ved as Advisor to Draft Board under President Wilson and Presi- 
dent Roosevelt. Member Masonic Lodge more than fifty years. 
Baptist; Deacon; taught Baraca Class over twenty-five years. 
Married Mary Lillie Griffin, June, 1910. Children; Mrs. V. O. 
Roberscn, Mrs. W. F. Farmer, Mrs. Frances Dew, Mrs. M. C. 
Henry. Willie A. Brame. Jr., and Dr. Robert G. Brame. Home ad- 
dress: Wendell, N. C. Official Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

DAVID HOWARD HEri.ER 

MEMBER NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF PAROLES 

David Howard Hepler. Democrat, was born in Davidson County, 
N. C, July 2. 1914. Son of Lacy Everette and Ella (Howard) 
Hepler. Attended Fair Grove High School. Thomasville, N. C; 
Wake Forest College, 1932-1934. Member Association of Parol- 
ing Authorities; National Council on Crime and Delinquency. 
Parole Supervisor, 1942-1943; Parole Investigator, 1943-1956; 
Administrative Assistant Board of Paroles, 1956-1960. Member 



BiociitAPiiiCAL Skktcuks 419 

Gamma Eta Gamma. Baptist. Married Thelma Williams, June 
26, 1943. Children: Charlie Everette, age 16 and Shirley Ann. 
age 15. Legal address: Route 2, Thomasville, N. C. Home address: 
1802 Sunset Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



WILLI AM AKCHIHALl) JOHNSON 

COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE 

William Archibald Johnson, Democrat, was born in Lillington, 
N. C, September 1, 1920. Son of Alton Glenn and Mary (Green) 
Johnson. Attended Buie's Creek Public School, 1926-1933; Camp- 
bell College High School, 193 3-193 7; Campbell College, 193 7- 
1939; University of North Carolina, 1939-1941, A.B. degree; 
University of North Carolina Law School, 1941-1944, LL.B. degree. 
Lawyer. Member Harnett County Bar Association, President, 
1958-1960; North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina State 
Bar; American Bar Association. Member Order of Coif; Editor- 
in-Chief, North Carolina Law Review, 1943-1944; member Phi 
Delta Phi legal fraternity. Member Harnett County Board of 
Education, 1948-1949; Harnett County Attorney, 1948-1958; 
Chairman Harnett County Democratic Executive Committee, 1950- 
1958; City Attorney, Town of Lillington, 1947-1960; Presidential 
Elector, Seventh Congressional District, 19 56; Attorney, North 
Carolina Railroad, 1949-19 51; Attorney, Atlantic and North 
Carolina Railroad, 1951-1953; President Lillington Industrial 
Development Corporation, 1955-1961; President Lillington Cham- 
ber of Commerce, 194 9-1950; Chairman Harnett County Chapter, 
National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, 1948; President Lil- 
lington Parents and Teachers Association, 1951; Fund Drive 
Chairman Harnett County Tuberculosis Association, 1959; mem- 
ber Harnett County Morehead Scholarship Committee, 1951 and 
195 2; Vice-Chairman Harnett County District Boy Scouts of 
America, 195 6; member Executive Board Occoneechee Council 
Boy Scouts of America, 1957-1960; member and Vice-Chairman 
Campbell College Board of Trustees, 1952-1953. Baptist; Deacon; 
Sunday School Teacher, Adult and Intermediate Departments; 
Superintendent of Intermediate Department and General Super- 
intendent of Sunday School; Chairman Budget Committee; Clerk 
of Little River Baptist Association, 1950-1954; Treasurer of Little 



420 Noinii Cakoiina Mamal 

River Baptist Association, 1956-1960; member General Board of 
State Baptist Convention, 1955-1958; member Baptist Student 
Union Committee, State Baptist Convention, 1955-1961. Married 
Mildred Rebecca Marshbanks, June 17, 19 44. Children; Sandra 
Leigh Johnson, age 15; William Glenn Johnson, age 14; Rebecca 
Green Johnson, age 7. Address: 211 East Front Street, Lilling- 
ton, N. C. 

HUDSON (LATE STAXSIJUKV 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OP" TAX RESEARCH 

Hudson Clate Stansbury, Democrat, was born in Oakvale, Miss., 
September 22, 1915. Son of Criss Monroe and Frances Elizabeth 
(Farmer) Stansbury. Attended elementary school of La Grange. 
Texas, 19 22-19 29; Copiah-Lincoln Agricultural High School and 
Junior College, 19 29-1935; University of North Carolina, B.S. in 
Commerce, 1947. Member National Tax Association; National 
Association of Tax Administrators, Chairman, Research Section, 
1959-1960. Tax Institute; Phi Beta Kappa; Beta Gamma Sigma. 
Appointed Director Department of Tax Research in September of 
1957. Ex-officio member of Tax Review Board and State Board 
of Assessment; Executive Secretary of Tax Study Commission, 
195 8. Corporal in United States Army. 194 4-1946; participated 
in Rhineland and Central European Campaigns as member of 
9th Infantry Division; awarded Purple Heart. Methodist; member 
Official Board since 1955; Secretary of Official Board, 19 57; 
member Finance Commission, 195 9-19 61. Married Mary Louise 
Adams, August 8, 1940. Children: Hudson Clate Stansbury, Jr., 
and Christine Marianne Stansbury, Address: 27 27 Everett Avenue, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

HARRY TRACY WESTCOTT 

CHAIRMAN STATE UTILITIES COMMISSION 

Harry Tracy Westcott, Democrat, was born in Manteo, N. C, 
April 13, 1906. Son of George Thomas and Odessa (Tillett) West- 
cott. Attended Manteo Graded School, 1914-1920; Manteo High 
School, 1920-1924; North Carolina State College, B.S. degree, 
1928. Attended and completed School of Transportation and Mar- 



Biographical Sketches 421 

keting conducted by the University of Chicago in cooperation with 
the U. S. Department of Agriculture in New York, 1938. Presi- 
dent, Inspectors Association of America, 1941. Marketing Special- 
ist, N. C. Department of Agriculture, 193 6-19 48. Administrator, 
Federal Marketing Agreement and Order No. cSl States of N. C. 
and Virginia, 1948. Director of Markets, State of North Carolina, 
1948-1950. Appointed by Governor Scott as a member of the 
Utilities Commission, March 1, 1950. Reappointed for a term of 
six years, February 1, 1951; reappointed in 1957 by Governor 
Hodges for a term of six years and appointed Chairman of the 
Commission, August 1, 1958. Methodist. Married Helen Rankin 
of Gastonia, N. C, March 21, 19 42. Two children: Helen Rankin 
Westcott; Robert Thomas Westcott. Address: 30 46 Granville 
Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



THOMAS ROBERT ELLBR, JR. 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

Thomas Robert Filer, Jr., Democrat, was born in Trading Ford, 
N. C, August 2"3, 1923. Son of Thomas Robert, Sr. and Mary 
Lucy (Safley) Eller. Attended Rowan County Schools, graduating 
in 1941; University of North Carolina, A.B., 1949; University of 
North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1951. Lawyer. Member Ameri- 
can Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; University 
of North Carolina Law Alumni Association. Authored booklet 
"Student Control" explaining philosophy, history and organization 
of student government at the University of North Carolina. 
Member North Carolina Prisons Commission, 1951-19 59; State 
Democratic Executive Committee, 195 4-1959; Chairman Transyl- 
vania County Democratic Executive Committee, 1954-1958; Town 
Attorney, Brevard, N. C, 1953-1959. Voted "Outstanding Young 
Man of Transylvania County", 19 55. Member Phi Delta Phi 
Legal Fraternity; Delta Sigma Pi Commerce Fraternity; Order 
of the Golden Fleece; Order of the Holy Grail; American Legion; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars; B.P.O.E. Served in World War II, 
1943-1945; entered as Private and commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant on battlefield; wounded in action in European Theatre 
and later given medical discharge; served in Korean War, 1951- 
1952; discharged from Reserves as Captain. Presbyterian; Ruling 



422 Nfii.-ni Caijoi.i.xa Mammal 

Elder and Trustee, Brevard-Davidson River Presbyterian Cliurch. 
Married Carolyn Elizabeth Kimzey, 1949. Children: Justin Haynes 
Eller, age 8 and Mary Margaret Eller. age 2%. Address: 150S 
Iredell Drive. Raleigh, N. C. 



('LAHK\(E HIGH N().\H 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

Clarence Hugh Noah, Democrat, was born in Greensboro, N. C, 
February 27, 1900. Son of Zimrie E. and Dena (Bryan) Noah. 
Attended Greensboro and Graham public schools, 1907-1917; 
Greensboro Commercial School, 1917-1918; LaSalle Extension 
University of Chicago, 1925-1926; Raleigh Law School, 1928- 
1931; North Carolina State College and Wake Forest College, 
1929, 1934, 1957. Lawyer. Member Wake County Bar Associa- 
tion; I. C. C. Practitioners Association. Mason. Methodist; mem- 
ber of the Official Board, 1956-1960. :\Iarried Lucile Strickland 
of Nashville, N. C, October 1, 193 2. Twin sons, Hugh Bryan 
and Van Batchelor. Address: 1425 Park Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



SAMIEI. OTIS WOHTHINGTOX 

STATE UTILITIES COMMISSIONER 

Samuel Otis Worthington, Democrat, was born in Winterville, 
N. C, January 24, 1898. Son of Samuel G. and Lydia Campbell 
(Smith) Worthington. Attended rural schools. 1905-1912; Win- 
terville High School, 1912-1917; University of North Carolina, 
two years of academic work and two years of law, fall of 1917 
through summer of 1921. Attorney. Served in the Naval Unit of 
S.A.T.C. at the University from September 1, 1918 to November 
1918. Served in N. C. State Guard October, 1943 to October, 1944. 
Representative from Pitt County in the General Assembly of 1939, 
1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1951, 1953 and 1955. Member Phi 
Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. Grand Chancellor of the Order of 
Knights of Pythias in the State of North Carolina from June, 1930 
to July, 1931. Supreme Representative from Domain of North 
Carolina to Supreme Lodge Knights of Pythias, 1938-1948. Mem- 



BiOGRAPHiCAr, Sketches 423 

ber Greenville Exchange Club; Treasurer, N. C. State Exchange 
Clubs, 1953-1955. State Utilities Commissioner, June 1, 1953- 
December 31, 1954; reappointed June 28, 1955. Episcopalian. 
Married Bessie Harrison, April 29, 1926. Two children: Lina 
Hackett Worthington Mays, Richmond, Va., and Samuel Otis 
Worthington, Jr., Greenville, N. C. Two grandchildren, Robert 
Worthington Mays and Bess Mays. Home address: Greenville, 
N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS APPOINTED 

BY HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, 

BOARDS OR COMMISSIONS 

(Subject to approval by the Governor) 



CHARLES ROBERT HOLLOMAN 

STATE BUDGET OFFICER 

(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

Charles Robert Holloman, Democrat, was born in Hookerton, 
N. C, October 21, 1913. Son of James Henry and Barbara Leonora 
(Potter) Holloman. Attended Hookerton High School, 1931-1935; 
Western Carolina College, B.S. (with honors) in Business Edu- 
cation and English; graduate study in Education Administration, 
University of Kentucky, summer of 1940 and University of North 
Carolina, summer of 1947; Duke University Law School, LL.B., 
1950. President of student body at Western Carolina College two 
years; won awards in debate and speaking contests; Councilor of 
the Duke Bar Association. Member North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; American Association of 
School Administrators; American Society for Public Adminis- 
tration; Alpha Phi Sigma Honorary Scholastic Fraternity; The 
North Carolina Society of the Cincinnati. Taught in Lee Edwards 
High School of Asheville, N. C, 1939-1941; Western Carolina 
College, 1941-1942; Davidson College, 1950-1951; Public School 
Principal, Bladen County, 1949-1950; served as consultant to 
the National University of Agriculture of Peru on budgetary 
and administrative problems, September to December of 1959; 
Education Budget Analyst, N. C. Budget Division, 1951-1960; 
Acting State Budget Officer since August of 1960. Has reading 
and speaking knowledge of French, Spanish, Portuguese and 
Italian. Co-author of The Story of Kinstoii and Lenoir County 
(Edwards & Broughton, Publishers, 1954); has contributed a 
number of published articles to magazines and newspapers on 
subjects in the field of history and education. Enlisted as Private 

424 



BiociKAi'iiKAi. Sketches 425 

in U. S. Air Corps in 1942 and served on active duty for over 
five years in various ranks up to and including that of Captain 
with Air Force Weather Service and Combat Intelligence; present- 
ly a member of the Air Force Reserve and serving as Executive 
Officer and Training and Education Officer of the 9179th Air 
Reserve Group of Raleigh. Methodist; Sunday School Teacher. 
Married Mary Madeline Turner, March 4, 19 54. Children: Charles 
Robert Holloman, Jr. and James Christopher Holloman (twins), 
Michael Anthony Holloman and Mary Ann Holloman. Address: 
500 King Richard Road, Raleigh, N. C. 



ALFRED ( LEMEXTS DAVIS 

CONTROLLER STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

(Appointed by the State Board of Education) 

Alfred Clements Davis, Democrat, was born in Hillsboro, N. C, 
June 27, 1915. Son of James Arthur and Myrtle (Neighbours) 
Davis. Attended Hillsboro Elementary and High School, 1921- 
1931; University of North Carolina, 1931-1936, B.S. degree in 
Commerce, 193 6. Member North Carolina Education Association; 
National Education Association; American Association of School 
Administrators; North Carolina State Employees Association. 
Delegate to the White House Conference on Education, 1955; 
served on several committees with the United States Office of 
Education in development of handbooks in the State Educational 
Records and Reports series. Employed in the Department of 
Public Instruction as Accountant, 193 6-19 41 and as Director 
of Division of Finance and Statistics, 1941-1943; employed by 
State Board of Education as Assistant Director of the Division 
of Auditing and Accounting, 1943-1949, and as Director, 1949- 
1960. Appointed Controller, State Board of Education, July 21, 
1960. Methodist; member Board of Stewards, 1960-1961. Mar- 
ried Mabel Watson Kenyon of Raleigh, August 12, 1939. Child- 
ren: Julia, age 19; Jimmy, age 13; Walter, age 9. Address: 2818 
Fowler Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 



426 NoiiTii C.viioT.ixA Mani'al 

RUFUS WEJJ.OX HOLSE 

FEDERAL PROPERTY OFFICER 

(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

Rufus Wellon House, Democrat, was born in Franklinton, N. C, 
February 7, 1912. Son of Rom Wellon and Elizabeth (Dickerson) 
House. Attended Franklinton High School; Adjutant Generals 
School, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, 1946; Infantry School, Fort 
Benning, Georgia, 1947; Field Artillery School. Fort Sill, Okla- 
homa, 1950 Vice-President National Association of State Agencies 
for Surplus Property, 19 59. Member Fort Bragg Lodge No. 667 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. Enlisted in United States 
Army, July 7, 1931; promoted to Captain during World War II; 
served in the South Pacific, 1942-1945 and in Korea, 1950-1951; 
retired with rank of Lieutenant Colonel after twenty-five years of 
service, June 30, 1956. Member of First Baptist Church of Dunn, 
N. C. Married Corrina Bass, February 3, 1934. Children: Mary 
Ann, Betty Jo and Janet Marie. Address: 911 Park Avenue, 
Garner, N. C. 

GEORGE BRYA\ CHERRY 

GENERAL SERVICES OFFICER 

(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

George Bryan Cherry, Democrat, was born in Windsor, N. C, 
January 10, 1901. Son of Solomon and Elizabeth Webb (Gray) 
Cherry. Attended Windsor High School, 1914-1917; North Caro- 
lina State College, B.E. degree in Civil Engineering, 1922. Former 
Director N. C. Society of Engineers; member and past President 
Raleigh Engineers Club. Past President Needham B. Broughton 
PTA and Raleigh Civic Council; former Director N. C. State Col- 
lege Alumni Association; Past President Wake County Tubercu- 
losis Society; member and past President Raleigh Lions Club; 
District Governor, Lions International, 1954-19 55. Member State 
Employees Association; former member Raleigh Parking Advis- 
ory Committee and Wake County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee. Mason; Elk. Second Lieutenant U. S. Army Reserve, 1922- 
19 27. Episcopalian; past President Batte Men's Bible Class; 
former member of Vestry; former Director Brotherhood of Saint 



Biographical Sketches 427 

Andrew. Married Winifred Eugenia Beddingfield of Raleigh, N. 
C, January 9, 1924. Children: George Bryan Cherry, Jr., and 
Alexander Beddingfield Cherry. Address: 1916 Craig Street, Ra- 
leigh, N. C. 



JOHN AVILLIAM ROY NORTON, M. D. 

STATE HEALTH DIRECTOR AND SECRETARY-TREASURER 
STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Board of Health) 

John William Roy Norton, Democrat, was born in Scotland 
County, July 11, 1898. Son of Lafayette and lola Josephine 
(Reynolds) Norton. Attended Snead's Grove School, 1916-1920; 
A.B., Trinity College (Duke University) 1920; Law School Trinity 
College, 1922-1923. Principal and athletic coach, Lumberton, 
192'0-1922 and Snead's Grove (Scotland County), 1923-1924. 
University of North Carolina Medical School, Chapel Hill, 1924- 
1926; Vanderbilt University Medical School, 1926-1928, M.D., 
1928; Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich., July, 1928 -June, 
1930; Chief, Medical Department Holt-Krock Clinic, Fort Smith, 
Arkansas, July, 1930 -August, 1931. City Health Superintendent, 
Rocky Mount, 1931-1935; Harvard School of Public Health, MPH, 
1936; Assistant Division Director State Board of Health, 1936- 
1938; Professor Public Health Administration, University of 
North Carolina, 1938-1940. Private to Second Lieutenant of Field 
Artillery, 1918; Captain to Colonel in Medical Corps, 1940-1945; 
Medical Inspector Fort Bragg; Assistant Chief Preventive Medi- 
cine European Theatre; Deputy Chief Hygiene Allied Force Head- 
quarters; Medical Inspector Seventh Army; Director Epidemiology 
for Army; Chief Preventive Medicine Ninth Service Command. 
Awarded battle stars Tunisian and Sicilian Campaigns and Army 
Commendation Citation for service as Army Epidemiology Chief. 
Chief Health Officer TVA, 1946-1948; N. C. State Health Director 
since July, 1948. Visiting Associate Professor Public Health, 
School of P. H., UNC. Member Wake County, Sixth District, North 
Carolina, Southern and American Medical Associations; Past Sec- 
retary-Treasurer Edgecombe-Nash County and Vice-President 
Fourth District and Past Secretary and Chairman Section on 
Public Health and Education of N. C. Medical Society and of 



428 NoHTii Cai;()I,i.\a I\Iam ai. 

Public Health Section of SiVIA; member N. C, Southern Branch 
and American Public Health Associalions; Secretary-Treasurer 
and Executive Committee NCPHA; Chairman Health Officers 
Section, Governing Council and Executive Committee, Secretary- 
Treasurer and President (1955), Southern Branch APHA; Gov- 
erning Council, Secretary and Chairman Health Officers Section 
and Advisory Committee Behavioral Sciences in Public Health, 
APHA; American Association, P. H. Physicians; International So- 
ciety of Medical Health Officers, Secretary-Treasurer (1954); 
State and Territorial Health Officer's Association Executive Com- 
mittee and Chairman Mental Health and Maternal-Child Health 
Sections, President 19 55 and recipient of Association's McCormack 
Award 1960; Fellow American College of Physicians; American 
Academy of General Practice; Fellow N. C. Academy of Preventive 
Medicine and American College of Preventive Medicine and Presi- 
dent, 1955; Diplomate American Board Preventive Medicine; 
Honorary Member North Carolina Dental Society; Board of Di- 
rectors planned Parenthood Federation of America and Recipient 
Laker Foundation Award (1953); Executive Committee North 
Carolina Division of American Cancer Society, N. C. Dental Foun- 
dation and N. C. Heart Association; Board of Directors N. C. 
Conference of Social Service, President 1951; Medical Advisory 
Board N. C. Military District and N. C. Selective Service System; 
N. C. Defense Council; President Wake County Duke Alumni As- 
sociation, 19 53, and member National Council; President Harvard 
P. H. Alumni Association, 1951 and N. C. Harvard Alumni 
Association, 1952; American Legion Capital City Post 297; Com- 
mander 1952 and N. C. Department Boy's State Committee and 
Junior Baseball Area I Commissioner, 1955; Executive Committee 
Board of Trustees N. C. Cancer Institute; Consultant National 
Mental Health Institute and Surgeon General's Committee on 
Mental Health Activities, USPHA; Governor's Committee on 
Interstate Cooperation; U. S. A. Delegate Sth World Health Assem- 
bly, 1955; N. C. Medical Care Commission; Chairman Governor's 
State Advisory Committee on Poliomyelitis Vaccine; Chairman 
Postmortem Medicolegal Examinations Committee; member Ad- 
visory Committee to Board of Water Commissioners; Vice-Chair- 
man Governor's Coordinating Committee on Aging; member 
Governor's Atomic Energy Committee; Professional Council of 



BmiatAPHicAi. Sketches 429 

David Graham Hall Foundation 1957; Governor's Council on 
Occupational Health; Executive Committee National Health Coun- 
cil Advisory Committee on Local Health Departments; Advisory 
Committee on White House Conference on Children and Youth, 
19 60; Member State Board of Sanitarian Examiners; Board of 
Directors of the National Citizens Committee for the World Health 
Organization, Inc.; Delta Omega (Public Health), Alpha Omega 
Alpha (Medical) and Sigma Xi (Scientific) Honorary Societies; 
Scientific Exhibit Award (N. C. Medical Society), 1947, and 
Reynolds Medal (NCPHA), 1948; Woodman of the World and 
Mason; Delta Sigma Phi, Alpha Kappa Kappa and Sigma Nu Phi 
Fraternities; listed in Who's Who in America. Author of Rabies 
Control; Diphtheria Control; Observations on 1948 Polio Epidemic 
in North Carolina; Planning a Public Health Program; A Mid- 
Century Review of Public Health Activities in North Carolina; 
Joint Responsibilities of Public Health and Private Practice; 
Public Health Aspects of Civil Defense; Looking Ahead for Health 
in North Carolina; Strengthening Local Health Departments — A 
Vital Security Need; Looking Ahead Twenty-five Years in Public 
Health; A Century of Medical Leadership in Public Health in 
North Carolina; Chronic Diseases — A Joint Responsibility of 
Private Practice and Public Health; The Past is Prologue — South- 
ern Public Health Pioneering; State and Local Health Depart- 
ment Services in North Carolina; The Occupational Health Pro- 
gram of the State Board of Health — ^What It is and What it 
Should Be; A Decade of Public Health Adjustment in North Caro- 
lina; Interpretation and Review of the School-Health Coordinat- 
ing Service; Administrative Decentralization of Environmental 
Health Programs; North Carolina Tackles The Problem of Atomic 
Energy Control. Co-author: Salk Vaccine in Poliomyelitis Control 
in North Carolina; Efforts to Define and Help the Health Officer 
to Fulfill His Role in Mental Health Programs; Current Comments 
on Influenza; Twenty-One Years Experience with a Public Health 
Contraceptive Service; Self-Inspection; many articles In N. C. 
Health Bulletin. Methodist; Steward, First Methodist Church, 
Rocky Mount, 1934-1935 and 1950, Edenton Street Church, 
Raleigh. Married Juanita Harris Ferguson, 19 28. Three child- 
ren: Geraldine, Jean, Lafayette Ferguson. Address: 2129 Cowper 
Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



■130 North Cauoi.ixa Maxx'al 

JOHN HARRIS PURKS, ,JH. 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA BOARD OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

(Appointed by the Board) 

James Harris Piirks, Jr., Democrat, was born in Bartow, Ga., 
August 6, 1901. Son of James Harris and Lulie Carswell (Kin- 
man) Purks. Attended Madison (Ga.) High School, 1913-1917; 
Emory University, 1919-1923, B.S.; Columbia University, 1924- 
19 28, A.M. and Ph.D. Member Phi Beta Kappa; Sigma Xi Scien- 
tific Society; Chi Phi Social Fraternity; American Physical Socie- 
ty; Southeastern Section American Physical Society; Masonic 
Lodge; Sons of American Revolution. Served as Second Lieu- 
tenant in Georgia National Guard, 1923-1924; Second Lieu- 
tenant, ORG, 19 23-19 28. Professor of Physics and Dean of Col- 
lege of Art and Sciences, Emory University, 1938-194 7; Director 
of the University Center in Georgia, 1948-1950; Associate Direc- 
tor of the General Education Board (of New York, a Rockefeller 
Foundation), 1950-1954; Provost and Vice President of Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1954-1956; Acting President, University 
of North Carolina, July 1955 to February 195 6; member Council 
of the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies, 1947-19 50; Chair- 
man in 1948 and member Board of Directors, 1955-1957; Consul- 
tant, Fund for the Advancement of Education and The Ford 
Foundation, 1960. Author of several scientific papers in journals 
of physics. Elected Director of North Carolina Board of Higher 
Education on January 4, 1956 and assumed duties on March 1, 
1956. Methodist. Married Mary Pearce Brown, June 9, 1932. 
One son, James H. Purks, III. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

AVILLARD FARRINGTOX RAR( OCK 

DIRECTOR OF HIGHWAYS 

(Appointed by the State Highway Commission) 

Willard Farrington Babcock, Democrat, was born in Water- 
town, Massachusetts, March 14, 1917. Son of John Brazier and 
Mildred (Willard) Babcock. Attended Brown and Nichols, Cam- 
bridge, Mass., 1931-1935; Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, B.S. in Civil Engineering, 1939 and M.S. in Civil Engineering- 
Transportation Option, 19 40. Professor of Civil and Transporta- 



Biographical Sketches 431 

tion Engineering at Nortli Carolina State College, 1940-1957; 
Consulting Engineer in Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 
1948-1957. Member American Society of Civil Engineers, Insti- 
tute of Traffic Engineers, American Institute of Planners, High- 
way Research Board, American Road Builders Association, 
American Association of State Highway Officials, Executive Com- 
mittee, American Association of State Highway Officials and 
Joint Urban Planning Committee of American Municipal Associa- 
tion and American Association of State Highway Officials. Mem- 
ber Chi Epsilon Fraternity, National President, 1948-1952; Tau 
Beta Pi; Sigma Zi; Theta Tau. Author of many publications, 
including textbooks, consulting reports and technical papers. 
Presbyterian. Married Jane Sweet, March 15, 1941. Children: 
John Brazier Babcock, II; Susan Forbes Babcock; Sarah Farring- 
ton Babcock. Address: 2611 Wells Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 

GODFREY EKVIIV DIXON 

CONTROLLER STATE HIGHVi^AY COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Director of Highways subject to approval 
by the State Highway Commission and the Governor) 

Godfrey Ervin Dixon, Democrat, was born in Robersonville, 
N. C, June 6, 19 22. Son of John Montgomery and Lizzie Adelaid 
(Whitehurst) Dixon. Attended University of North Carolina, B.S. 
in Business Administration. 1951. Phi Beta Kappa. Formerly a 
certified public accountant in Texas. Member North Carolina 
Association of Certified Public Accountants; American Road 
Builders Association. Mason. T/5 U. S. Army, 1945-1947. 
Methodist. Married Billie Walker, June 12, 1953. Children: 
Deborah Kay Dixon, Gregory Ervin Dixon and Susan Adelaid 
Dixon. Address: 90 4 Culpepper Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM FREEMAN HENDERSON 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
NORTH CAROLINA MEDICAL CARE COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

William Freeman Henderson, Democrat, was born in Jackson- 
ville, N. C, October 27, 1913. Son of Thomas M. and Viola (Free- 



432 NoKTii Cakoi.ixa Mamal 

niaiij Henderson. Attended Jacksonville High School, 1927-19ol; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 1935; University of North 
Carolina Graduate School, 1937-1938. Member North Carolina 
Hospital Association; American College of Hospital Administra- 
tors (nominee); American Association for Hospital Planning; 
American Public Health Association; N. C. Public Health Associa- 
tion; Atomic Energy Advisory Committee. Has served in the 
following positions: Superintendent of Public Welfare for Ran- 
dolph County, Associate Superintendent North Carolina Children's 
Home, Administrator Onslow County Hospital and Assistant Ad- 
ministrator Moore County Hospital at Pinehurst. Lambda Chi 
Alpha Fraternity; President of Alpha Chi Lambda Fraternity 
at University of North Carolina, 193 5. Served in United States 
Army, 1942-194 5. Presbyterian. Married Mary Ruth Bruton, 
May 23, 1941. Children: Thomas Michael Henderson and William 
Bruton Henderson. Address: 2143 Ridge Road. Raleigh, N. C. 



DeAVITT LEON WILLIAMS 

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA STATE PORTS AUTHORITY 

(Appointed by the State Ports Authority) 

DeWitt Leon Williams, Democrat, was born in Bessemer, Ala- 
bama, May 2, 1897. Son of David Lawrence and Sue Slocum 
(McCoy) Williams. Attended Howard College, Birmingham, 
Alabama and Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee. Affili- 
ated with Georgia Port Authority from 1947 to 1958, serving as 
Director from 1953 to 1958. Executive Director of the North 
Carolina State Ports Authority since March of 19 58. Member 
South Atlantic and Caribbean Ports Association, President three 
terms, 1953-1955, and member Board of Directors, 1954-1961; 
American Association of Ports Authorities since 1948, member 
Board of Directors, 195 2-1955, Vice-President, 19 56-1958 and 
President, 1959-19 60 and now a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee. Married Mae Florence Shaw, Bessemer, Alabama, Sep- 
tember 27, 192*0. One son, DeWitt Leon Williams. Jr. of Atlanta, 
Georgia. Address: S2C Cameron Court, Raleigh, N. C. 



BuKatAPiiicAi. Sketches 433 

GEORGE WASHINGTON RANDALTj, JR. 

STATE DIRECTOR OF PRISONS 

(Appointed by the State Prison Commission) 

George Washington Randall, Jr., Democrat, was born in West 
Blocton, Ala., July 13, 1910. Son of George Washington and Car- 
rie Leland (White) Randall. Attended West Blocton, Ala., High 
School, 1923-1927; Alabama Polytechnic Institute (Auburn), 
19 27-19 29; University of Alabama, 19 29-1931; University of Ala- 
bama Law School, 1931-193 2. Member Iredell County Democratic 
Executive Committee, 1949-19 51; Mooresville Planning Board; 
Mooresville Chamber of Commerce, Director; Mooresville Rotary 
Club, President, 1948-1949. Member Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. 
Representative from Iredell County in the General Assembly of 
1953 and 1955. Appointed Chairman, N. C. Board of Paroles by 
Governor Luther H. Hodges, June 29, 1956. Appointed Director 
of Prisons by Governor Luther H. Hodges, April 1, 1960. Epis- 
copalian. Married Satie Graham of Sumter, S. C, January 19, 
193 5. Three children: George Robert Randall (deceased); Martha 
Leland Randall, age 11; and Rosemary Randall, age 4. Home 
address: Mooresville, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

CHARLES GORDON MADDREY 

DIRECTOR STATE PROBATION COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the North Carolina State Probation Commission) 

Charles Gordon Maddrey, Democrat, was born at Seaboard, 
N. C, November 9, 190 4. Son of J. T. and Rowena Milner 
(Stephenson) Maddrey. Attended Seaboard High School, 1911- 
1922; Wake Forest College, A.B. degree, 1926. University of 
North Carolina, several summers. Farmer and merchant. Past 
President Hertford County Farm Bureau. Member of Rotary 
Club; Member from N. C. Southern Regional Education Legisla- 
tive Council, 19 53-19 54; Past President Scotland Neck Kiwanis 
Club; Past President State Farm Bureau; District Governor, 
District 771, 1957-1958; member Beechwood Country Club. Exec- 
utive member East Carolina Council BSA. Mason. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 19 5 3 and 195 5. Baptist. 



•134 NoKTii Cakoi.i.xa Ma.wal 

Teacher of Young Men's Bible Class. Married Mabel Claire 
Hoggard, December 26, 1931. Two sons: Charles Hoggard 
Maddrey, age 24; Joseph Gordon Maddrey, age 19. Address: 
421 N. Colony Ave., Ahoskie, N. C. 

FRANK BROWN TLKNER 

STATE PROPERTY OFFICER 

(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

Frank Brown Turner, Democrat, was born in Oxford, N. C. 
Son of Lewis B. and Emma Caroline (Bumpass) Turner. Attended 
Durham High School, 1920-192*4; North Carolina State College, 
B.S., 1928, M.S., 1931. Consulting engineer. Member Professional 
Engineers of N. C, President, 1956; American Society of Profes- 
sional Engineers; American Society of Mechanical Engineers; N. 
C. Society of Engineers; Raleigh Engineers Club, President, 1954; 
American Society of Testing Materials. President N. C. State 
College Alumni Association, 1954; President Bank of Manteo, 
1960-1961. Member Theta Tau; Pi Tau Sigma; Phi Kappa Phi 
(honorary). Member Hayes Barton Methodist Church; President 
Board of Trustees, 1959-1961; Official Board; Chairman Building 
Committee, 1954. Married Huldah May Brinkley, 1928. Children; 
Camille, Huldah Ruth, Vance, Jacquelyn. Address: 3740 Blue 
Ridge Road, Raleigh, N. C. 

DR. ELLEN WINSTON 

COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WELFARE 

(Appointed by the State Board of Public Welfare) 

Dr. Ellen Winston, Democrat, was born in Bryson City, N. C. 
Daughter of Stanley Warren and Marianna (Fischer) Black. 
Attended Bryson City Public Schools; Converse College, Spartan- 
burg, S. C, A.B.; graduate work at N. C. State College and Uni- 
versity of North Carolina; University of Chicago, M.A.; Ph.D.; 
honorary L.H.D., Woman's College of University of North Caro- 
lina, 1948; honorary LL.D., Converse College, 1952; honorary 
LL.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1959. Ap- 
pointed Commissioner of the State Board of Public Welfare, June 



Biographical Sketches 435 

1, 1944. Member American Sociological Society, American Public 
Welfare Association, National Conference of Social Welfare, North 
Carolina Conference for Social Service, American Association of 
University Women, Raleigh Business and Professional Women's 
Club, Raleigh Woman's Club, and International Conference of 
Social W^ork. President State Legislative Council, 1943-1944. 
Legislative Chairman State Federation of Women's Clubs, 1943- 
1944. International Relations Chairman, N. C. Branch American 
Association of University Women, 1943-19 4 6. Chairman Adminis- 
trative Board of State Nutrition Committee, 1947-1948. President, 
N. C. Conference for Social Service, 1948-1950. President, 
American Public Welfare Association, 1957-19 58. Head, Depart- 
ment of Sociology and Economics, Meredith College, 1940-1944. 
Consultant Federal Works Project Administration. 1939-1943. 
Consultant National Resources Planning Board, 1940-1943. Con- 
sultant United States Office of Education, 1942-1944. Member, 
Board of Directors, North Carolina Conference for Social Service; 
Mental Health Council; Board of Directors, Council on Social 
Work Education, 1958-1960; Federal-State Committee on Aging 
since 1957; National Status of Women Committee, American As- 
sociation of University Women, 19 53-1959; Chairman, North 
Carolina Board of Eugenics. Ex-officio member N. C. Medical 
Care Commission, State Recreation Commission, State Commission 
for the Blind, and State Board of Correction and Training. Chair- 
man, North Carolina Committee on Refugee Act of 19 53. Member, 
Committee on Federal Aid to Welfare of Commission on Inter- 
governmental Relations, 195 4-195 5. Member, Factfinding Com- 
mittee, Midcentury White House Conference on Children and 
Youth, 1948-1950; member Slum Clearance Advisory Committee, 
U. S. Housing and Home Finance Agency, 1950-1954; member 
Executive Committee, National Conference of Social Work, 1951- 
1954; President, North Carolina Health Council, 1955-1957. 
Chairman, Governor's Coordinating Committee on Aging since 
1956. Member, Board of Directors of Child Welfare League of 
America, 1959 to date. Member, National Committee for 19 60 
White House Conference on Children and Youth. Consultant, First 
White House Conference on Aging, 1961. Listed in "Biographi- 
cal Directory of American Scholars," "W^ho's Who in American 
Education," "Who's Who in the Western Hemisphere," "Who's 
Who in America," and "Who's Who of American Women." Co- 



436 NoitTii Cai:()i.i.\a Ma.nlal 

author of "Seven Lean Years"; "The Plantation South, 193 4- 
1937"; "Foundations of American Population Policy." Author of 
numerous articles dealing with social and economic problems. 
Formerly special technical editor National Economic and Social 
Planning Association and for the Carnegie Corporation of New 
York. Presbyterian. Married Dr. Sanford Winston. Address: 
1712 Piccadilly Lane. Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAM HANKINS WHITE 

STATE PURCHASING OFFICER 

(Appointed by the Director Department of Administration) 

William Hankins White, Democrat, was born in Guilford Coun- 
ty, N. C, August 10, 1926. Son of Henry Herman and Clara 
Eliza (Hankins) White. Attended Jamestown High School; Bryce 
Commercial College; University of North Carolina. Member Na- 
tional Association of State Purchasing Officials; Carolinas-Vir- 
ginia Purchasing Agents Association. Corporal, Marine Corps, 
1944-1946. Alember Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks; 
Masonic Lodge Ocean 40 5. Member Deep River Friends Society. 
Married Dorothy S. Hunsucker, December 8, 1944. One son, W. 
H. White, Jr. and one daughter, Susie White. Address: 319 
Doris Avenue, Jacksonville, N. C. 

RALPH JAMES ANDREWS 

DIRECTOR OF RECREATION 

(Appointed by the Recreation Commission) 

Ralph James Andrews, Democrat, was born in Norton, Kansas, 
July 6, 1906. Son of Fred R. and Effie M. (Stout) Andrews. 
Attended University of Nebraska, 19 24-19 2 9, BPE and B.SC; 
Graduate Schools of University of Nebraska and University of 
Montana, 1935-1939; Peabody Graduate School, M.A. and 2 years 
of work toward Ph.D. Recreation Advisory Service. Member 
American Institute of Park Executives, elected member of Board 
for 1959-196 2, Associate Editor since 1957; American Recreation 
Society; American Red Cross; North Carolina Recreation Society, 
President, 1949-1950 and Honorary Fellow (highest award of the 



Biographical Sketches 437 

Society) ; American Association Health, Physical Education & 
Recreation; North Carolina Society of Safety Engineers; North 
Carolina (and National) Adult Education Association; World 
Press Association; N. C. Travel Council; N. C. Council for Social 
Service; N. C. Family Life Council; Family Camping Club of 
America; Boy Scouts of America (Committeeman). Has worked 
in education in elementary, junior high school and high school 
through undergraduate (Head of Department of Athletics, Health, 
Physical Education and Recreation of Western Carolina College), 
Professor in Graduate School, Peabody College, Coordinator 
of wartime education for the North Carolina State Department 
of Public Instruction and North Carolina Director of a Kel- 
logg Foundation Study on School-Community Health Study. 
Has contributed many articles to recreation and education journ- 
als; Associate Editor, Park and Kecreatioii, American Institution 
of Park Executives; also articles in American Banker. Journal of 
American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recre- 
ation and others. Captain, U. S. Army, 1943-1944 and 1950-1952. 
Local Commander (1957) and State Commander (1958), Amvets. 
Member Highland Methodist. Married Clarine G. Anderson, May 
27, 1928. One son, Robin D., born in 1945 and one daughter, 
Tarnie F., born in 1950. Address: 1419 Ridge Road, Raleigh, 
N. C. 

COLLIN McKINNE 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA VETERANS COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Collin McKinue, Democrat, was born in Louisburg, N. C, 
January 27, 1921. Son of Malcolm and Ethelynd (Peterson) Mc- 
Kinne. Attended Mills Elementary School of Louisburg, 192*7- 
1935; Webb School, Bell Buckle, Tenn., 1935-1939; N. C. State 
College, B.S. in Industrial Engineering; graduate. Regular Course, 
Command and General Staff College, U. S. Army. Member Board 
of Alcoholic Control of Town of Louisburg; Secretary-Treasurer 
Franklin County Young Democratic Club, 1953-1954; Deputy 
State Director of Civil Defense, 19 54-19 55; returned from private 
business in 1957 to head a special Civil Defense Project. Appoint- 
ed Director North Carolina Veterans Commission, October 15, 
19 57. Served in European Theatre of Operations, U. S. Army, 



438 Ncinii Cauoi.ixa Mamial 

World War II; discharged as Captain; member N. C. National 
Guard since World War II and presently Operations Officer (G3), 
30th Infantry Division with rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Member 
Kappa Sigma; American Legion; Forty & Eight; Veterans of 
Foreign Wars; American Veterans of World War II. Episcopalian; 
Vestryman, St. Paul's Episcopal Church of Louisburg. Married 
Betty C. Hochenedel of Houma, La., March 18. 1944. Two daugh- 
ters, Jane Elliott and Elizabeth Peterson. Address: Louisburg, 
N. C. 

HARHV EMERSON BROWN 

DIRECTOR DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES 

(Appointed by the North Carolina Board of Water Resources) 

Harry Emerson Brown, Democrat, was born in Atlanta, Georgia, 
November 9, 18 98. Son of Joseph Emerson and Sarah Elizabeth 
(Butler) Brown. Attended Dallas High School, Dallas, Georgia, 
graduating in 1914; University of Georgia 2 years; several Civil 
and Service Schools for specialized study. Industrial engineer. 
Member Steering Committee, Southern Water Resources Confer- 
ence; Director, American Shore and Beach Preservation Associa- 
tion, Washington, D. C. Served in World War I, Mexican Border 
and in American Expeditionary Forces; World War II, par- 
ticipated in six major engagements in European Theatre of 
Operations; Private to Colonel. Served on Personal Staff Com- 
manding General, Advance Section, Communication Zone from 
its establishment to end of World War II; rejoined Personal 
Staff, General Omar Bradley and served in that capacity during 
his assignment as Administrator of Veterans Administration; 
primary assignment was Officer in charge of Administration of 
97 existing Veterans Hospitals; served in Guatemala as Chief of 
Mission, Department of State, 1946-1951; North Carolina Director 
of the Hurricane Rehabilitation Program, 1956-1959; Adminis- 
trator Division of Community Planning, Department of Conserva- 
tion and Development, 1957-1959. Author of numerous publica- 
tions and technical papers. Mason; 3 2nd Degree Scottish Rite; 
Shriner. Baptist. Married Henrietta Charlotte Leider, June 30, 
1934. One son, Joseph Emerson Brown, 1st Lieutenant, U. S. 
Army. Address: 1112 Daniels Street, Raleigh, N. C. 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS APPOINTED BY 

HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, BOARDS 

OR COMMISSIONS 

(With no approving authority) 



CHKISTOI»HP]K CHITTENDEN 

DIRECTOR OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 

(Appointed by the Executive Board of the Department) 

Christopher Crittenden, Democrat, was born in Wake Forest, 
N. C, December 1, 1902. Son of Charles Christopher and Ethel 
(Taylor) Crittenden. Attended Wake Forest Grammar and High 
Schools. A.B., Wake Forest College, 1921 and A.M. in 1922; Yale 
University, Ph.D., 1930. Director State Department of Archives 
and History (formerly the State Historical Commission) since 
1935; Secretary State Literary and Historical Association since 
1935; member American Historical and Southern Historical asso- 
ciations; President Society of American Archivists, 1946-1948; 
President American Association for State and Local History, 
1940-1942; President Archeological Society of North Carolina. 
1948-1950, 1955-1956; Secretary Board of Trustees, Olivia Raney 
Library; member Evecutive Board, National Trust for Historic 
Preservation; President Wake County Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, 
1959. Principal Roxobel, N. C, Public School, 1922-1923; In- 
structor in History, Yale University, 19 24-1925; University of 
North Carolina 1926-1929; Assistant Professor of History, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina 1930-1935. Author of North Carolina 
Newspapers before 1770; The Commerce of North Carolina 1763- 
1789; and various historical articles and book reviews. Editor 
The North Carolina Historical Review. Baptist. Married Janet 
Quinlan of Waynesville, N. C, 1930. Three children: C, Jr., 
born 1933; Robert Hinton, born 1936; Ann Lane, born 1938. 
Address: 1537 Caswell St., Raleigh, N. C. 

439 



440 NoKTii Cai;()I.i.\a Mantai- 

JISTUS IJIER 

DIRECTOR NORTH CAROLINA MUSEUM OF ART 
(Appointed l)y the State Art Society) 

Justus Bier was born in Nurnberg, Germany, .May 31, 1890. 
Son of Jacob and Minna (Honig) Bier. Studied at Universities of 
.Munich, Erlangen, Jena, Bonn and Zurich; Ph.D. Magna Cum 
Laude, University of Zurich, 19 2'4. Member College Art Ass'n. 
of America; Southeastern College Art Conference; Midwestern 
College Art Conference; American Association of Aesthetics, 
Chairman, 1954; Society of Architectural Historians; American 
Federation of Arts; Association of American University Profes- 
sors; International Art Critics Association; J. B. Speed Art 
Museum; Delta Phi Alpha (honorary fraternity in the German 
language); Kappa Pi (honorary art fraternity); Phi Kappa Phi 
(honorary scholarship fraternity). Research Grant and Publica- 
tion Grant, Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft, 19 28, 
1930; Albrecht Durer Medal, City of Nurnberg, Germany, 19 28; 
August Kestner Medal, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, Germany, 
1938; Research Grant, Institute for Advanced Study. Princeton, 
19 53-1954; Guggenheim Foundation, Publication Grant, 1959; 
Fulbright Fellow, University of Nurnberg and Free University of 
Berlin, 1960-1961. Director and Curator, Kestner-Gesellschaft 
Art Institute. Hannover, Germany, 1930-193 6; Founder, Museum 
fur das Vorbildliche Serienprodukt, Hannover 19 30; Head of Fine 
Arts Dept., University of Louisville, Kentucky, 1941-1960; Direc- 
tor, Allen R. Hitc Museum and Art Institute. 1946-1960; Art Edi- 
tor and Art Critic, Courier-Journal, Louisville, 1944-1956; Board 
Member, Deutscher Werkbund, Berlin, 1931-1934; Advisory Board 
of Art Education, University of Kentucky, 1947; Advisory Com- 
mittee, Kentucky State Fair and Exposition Center, 1949; member 
of Board and Director, Louisville Art Center Association, 1940- 
1960; Director, Junior Art Gallery, Louisville. 1949-1960; Louis- 
ville Council of Historic Sites and Buildings. 19 50-19 5 3, Profes- 
sional Advisor, Junior League, Louisville. 1945-1960; Editorial 
Council of Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 1951-1953. 
Author of following books: Xurubeifiischfrankische IJihliierfiinst, 
1922; Tilniami Kienu-nschneidor Vol. 1,1925. Vol.11, 1930, Vol. HI, 
1960; Tilmann Rioinanschiieider Ein Gedenkbiuh, Sixth Edition, 
1948. Has written articles in American, English, French. German 



Biographical Sketches 441 

and Italian scholarly art journals including The Art Bulletin, Art 
in America, Art Quarterly, Studio Gazette des Beaux Arts and 
Mucliner Jahrbueh der Bildenden Kunst. Married Senta Dietzel, 
March 17, 1931. One son, Max Rohert. Address: Raleigh, N. C. 

HENRY ALTON WOOD 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
NORTH CAROLINA STATE COMMISSION FOR THE BLIND 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Henry Alton Wood, Democrat, was born in Lincolnton, N. C, 
September 7, 1904. Son of John Henry and Ella (Heavner) Wood. 
Attended Valle Crucis Industrial School; Lincolnton High School; 
University of North Carolina, A.B., 1927; University of North 
Carolina Graduate School, 1928-1931. Member National Re- 
habilitation Association; N. C. Society Social Service; N. C. So- 
ciety Crippled Children; Exceptional Child; I APES; American 
Association for the Blind; National Society for the Prevention of 
Blindness; Association of Rehabilitation Workers for the Blind, 
National President, 1949; U. S. Delegation World Council for the 
Welfare of the Blind, Paris, Prance, 1954; Sir Walter Lions Club; 
Director American Association Workers for the Blind, 1950 and 
Vice-President, 195 6-1960; Director North Carolina State Associa- 
tion for the Blind; Trustee American Foundation for the Blind; 
Trustee, American Printing House for the Blind; First Vice- 
President States' Council of Agencies for the Blind, 19 54; Director 
States Council National Rehabilitation Association; President 
American Association of Workers for the Blind, 19 58-19 61. U. 
S. Delegate. World Council for the Welfare of the Blind, Rome, 
Italy, 1959. Episcopalian. Married Pauline Patton, June 17, 1933. 
One daughter, Mrs. Edward Lee Smith. Address: 2619 Grant 
Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 

(HAHLES GEHR:MANN HOLLAND 

COMMISSIONER OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES 

(Appointed by the Director of Dept. of Conservation and 
Development subject to approval by the Board) 

Charles Gehrmann Holland, Democrat, was born June 12, 1905. 
Son of M. C. and Hannah (Guthrie) Holland. Graduated from St. 



■141' NOUTII CA1!0LI.\A Maaual 

Paul's Episcopal School, Beaufort, N. C. 1922. Member Elk's 
Club, Past Exalted Ruler; Franklin Lodge 109, Beaufort, N. C, 
Past Master; Scottish Rite Consistory No. 3, New Bern, N. C; 
Shriner, Sudan Temple, New Bern, N. C; Past Worthy Patron of 
the Eastern Star, Beaufort. N. C. Assistant Chief of Police, 
Beaufort, N. C, 1929-1933; Sheriff of Carteret County, 1938- 
1953. Member N. C. Democratic Executive Committee; Chairman 
Beaufort Democratic Precinct. Episcopalian; Vestryman on ro- 
tation system for last 20 years. ^Married Mildred Willis, July 16, 
1932. One son, Charles Gehrmann Holland, Jr. Address: 219 
Ann Street, Beaufort, N. C. 

BLAINE MARK MADISON 

COMMISSIONER STATE BOARD OF CORRECTION AND TRAINING 

(Appointed by the Board) 

Blaine Mark Madison, Democrat, was born in Olin, Iredell Coun- 
ty, N. C. Son of Charles M. and Molly (White) Madison. Attended 
Union Grove High School, graduating in 1926; High Point College, 
A.B., 1929; Duke University, M.A., 1933 and M.Ed., 1939. Member 
National Association of Correction and Training Schools; Ameri- 
can Prison Association; American Welfare Association; North 
Carolina Council for Social Service; Kappa Delta Pi Honorary 
Scholarship Fraternity in Education. Author of numerous profes- 
sional articles for North Carolina Education, North Carolina Chris- 
tian Advocate, The State, PTA Bulletin and Bulletin Service of the 
Methodist Church of the United States. President Adult and Ju- 
venile Delinquency Division North Carolina Council for Social 
Service; President North Central District of North Carolina Edu- 
cation Association, 19 50; President Raleigh Unit North Carolina 
Education Association, 1949; Treasurer Southeastern Division of 
Child Welfare League of America, 1948; President Raleigh Fam- 
ily Service Society, 1949. Appointed Commissioner of the State 
Board of Correction and Training, July 1, 1956. Member Raleigh 
Lions Club, First Vice President, 1951. l^Iember Edenton Street 
Methodist Church of Raleigh; past Chairman Board of Stewards; 
Teacher of Fidelis Bible Class; former Lay Leader of the Raleigh 
District of the Methodist Church; former Treasurer of the Board 
of Lay Activities of the North Carolina ^Methodist Conference; 



Biographical Sketches 443 

member Board of Education of the North Carolina Conference; 
Executive Committee of the North Carolina Council of Churches; 
Executive Committee of the Southeastern Jurisdictional Council 
of the Methodist Church. Married Helen Williams, 193 5. Address: 
180 9 McDonald Lane, Raleigh, N. C. 

KAY3IOND CRAFT MAXWELL 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS 

(Appointed by the Board) 

Raymond Craft Maxw^ell, Democrat, was born in Whiteville, N. 
C, May 17, 1896. Son of Allen J. and Delia (Ward) Maxwell. 
Attended Raleigh High School; University of North Carolina, 
LL.D., 1919. Member N. C. State Bar. Has served as Executive 
Secretary of State Board of Elections since April 1, 1926. Author 
of "Life and Works of Allen Jay Maxwell", 1947. Student officer 
in U. S. Naval Reserve Flying Corps, 1918. Baptist. Married 
Stella Garrett, November 22, 1921. One daughter, Mrs. James 
S. Hunt, High Point, N. C. Address: 1124 Harvey Street, Raleigh, 
N. C. 

CAMERON AVADDELL LEE 

HIGHWAY ENGINEER 

(Appointed by the Director subject to 
approval by the Commission) 

Cameron Waddell Lee, Democrat, was born in Asheville, N. C, 
November 2*3, 1914. Son of Ralph E. and Mabel (Robinson) Lee, 
Attended Asheville City Schools, 1921-1931; University of South 
Carolina, B.S. in Civil Engineering, 1935. Member N. C. Society 
of Engineers; Southeastern Association of State Highway Offi- 
cials; American Association of State Highway Officials; American 
Road Builders' Association; appointed as member of Transport 
Committee of American Association of State Highway Officials, 
September of 1960. Member Wake Forest Rotary Club, Director, 
1960-1961. Commander, U. S. Navy (Reserve); active duty, 
1942-1946 and 1951-1953. Baptist; formerly belonged to Pres- 
byterian Church and served as Deacon, 1948-1951 and Elder, 



444 N<ii;tii Cakoi.i.na Maxital 

li>54-1957. Married Helen Lawhoii of Union. S. C, June of 1942. 
Children; Cameron, Jr., age 18; Richard, age 14; David, age 12; 
Edwin, age 5. Address: 205 West Sycamore Street, Wake Forest, 
N. C. 

EUGEXK ALKXAXDKH HAKGHOVE, M.D. 

COMMISSIONER OF MENTAL HEALTH 

(Appointed by the N. C. Hospitals Board of Control) 

Eugene Alexander Hargrove, Democrat, was born in San Eli- 
zerio, Texas, August 2, 1918. Son of William Franklin and Nell 
(Dasy) Hargrove. Attended Austin High School of El Paso, 
T<jxas, 193 2-1936; University of Texas, A.B., 1939; University 
of Texas School of Medicine, M.D., 1942. Fellow in Psychiatry, 
University of Pennsylvania, 194 7-19 50. Physician specializing 
in psychiatry. Member American Medical Association; American 
Psychiatric Association; American Academy on Mental Retarda- 
tion; American Association on Mental Deficiency; North Caro- 
lina Medical Association; North Carolina Nueropsychiatric As- 
sociation; Durham-Orange Medical Society. Clinical Associate 
Professor of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina School of 
Medicine. Co-Author of "The Practice of Psychiatry in General 
Hospitals." Also has contributed many articles appearing in 
various medical journals. Member of Rotary Club. Served as 
Captain in Army Medical Corps, 1944-194 6. Member Chapel Hill 
Presbyterian Church, Deacon. Married Ethel Crittenden, Septem- 
ber 2, 1946. Children: Eugene Alexander, Jr., age 13; Thomas, 
age 9; William, age 7. Address: 713 Greenwood Road, Chapel Hill, 
N. C. 

WALTER FOSTER ANDERSON 

DIRECTOR STATE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

(Appointed by the Attorney General) 

Walter Foster Anderson, Democrat, was born in Davie County, 
North Carolina, October 8, 1903. Son of James Garfield and 
Tobitha (Tutterow) Anderson. Attended Mocksville High School; 
Rutherford College; FBI National Academy, Washington, D. C; 



BioGKAPHicAi. Sketches 445 

Institute of Government, University of N. C, Chapel Hill. N. C. Be- 
came a member of the Winston-Salem Police Department in 1925; 
Chief Winston-Salem Police Department, 193 5-19 42; Chief Char- 
lotte Police Department, 1942-1946; Director State Bureau of In- 
vestigation, 1946-1951; Director State Prison Department, 1951- 
19 53 ; Associate Secretary of Church Extension for the Methodist 
Church, 1953-1955; Chief Wildlife Protection Division, 1955- 
195 6; private business 1956-1957; reappointed Director of State 
Bureau of Investigation June 19 57. President of International As- 
sociation of Chiefs of Police, 1950-1951, President FBI National 
Academy Associates, 1941-1947; President North Carolina Police 
Executives, 1938-1940. Mason. Methodist; President of North 
Carolina Conference Board of Evangelism, 1956-1960; member 
General Board of Evangelism of The Methodist Church since 1956. 
Married Mary Elizabeth Powell, April 3, 1926. Children; Mary 
Louise Anderson, Nancy Janet Anderson Hollowell and Doris Fos- 
ter Anderson Lassiter. Address: 3305 Ruffin Street, Raleigh, 
N. C. 

HORACE BRYAN TRADER 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
N.C. LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' BENEFIT AND RETIREMENT FUND 

(Appointed by the Board of Commissioners) 

Horace Bryan Trader, Democrat, was born at Cherry Point, N. C. 
Son of John Jesse and Lula (Ives) Trader. Attended Craven 
County Farm Life School, Vanceboro, N. C., graduating in 1923; 
N. C. State College, 1923 and 1924. Charter member of Raleigh 
Municipal Band since its organization in 1948 and a member of 
Sudan Temple Band since 1928. Member since 1926 of William G. 
Hill Lodge No. 218, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of Raleigh; 
Scottish Rite Masonic Bodies of Raleigh and Wilmington since 
1926: Sudan Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., New Bern since 1928. Past 
Secretary, Raleigh Shrine Club. Methodist; Past President Men's 
Wesley Bible Class of Raleigh Fairmont Methodist Church; a 
former member of Board of Stewards, Commission on Education 
and Commission on Finance. Married Frances Gore of Baltimore, 
Maryland, July 23, 1934. One daughter, Helen, of Cleveland, 
Ohio. Address: Route 4, Avents Ferry Road, Raleigh. N. C. 



44() Noiiin C.\i!()i,].\.\ Manual 

>IIIS. KIJ/AIJETH HOUSE HI GHEY 

STATE LIBRARIAN 
(Appointed by the North Carolina State Library Board) 

Mrs. Elizabeth House Hushey, Democrat, was born in Roberson- 
ville, N. C, February 2, 1916. Daughter of Thomas Lawrence 
and Susan Elizabeth (Mizell) House. Attended Keel's School, 
1921-1927; Robersonville Public School, 1927-1931; Atlantic 
Christian College, A.B., 1936; School of Library Science, George 
Peabody College for Teachers, B.S. in Library Science, 1938. 
Member American Library Association; Southeastern Library 
Association; North Carolina Library Association, President, 19 59- 
19 61; North Carolina Literary and Historical Association; Adult 
Education Association of America; Advisory Committee; Recre- 
ation Commission; Governor's Coordinating Committee on Aging; 
North Carolina Family Life Council; N. C. Art Society; N. C. 
Adult Education Association; Raleigh Woman's Club; Beta 
Chapter of Delta Kappa Gamma. Listed in Who's Who in Library 
Science, Who's Who in American Women and Who's Who in 
America. Disciples of Christ. Married A. Miles Hughey. Address: 
4301 West Galax Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 



A\^LLIA>I EWAKT EASTEHLIXG 

SECRETARY LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the State Treasurer) 

William Ewart Easterling, Democrat, was born in Marlboro 
County, South Carolina. Son of Cary Thomas and Columbia 
(Wyatt) Easterling. Attended Wofford College, A.B., 1918; East- 
man-Gaines School of Business, Poughkeepsie. N. Y. Certified 
Public Accountant. Secretary, North Carolina Local Government 
Commission since November of 1932. Served as Private in United 
States Marine Corps, June of 1918 to July of 1919. Presbyterian; 
Deacon, 1938-1941, 1950-1953; Elder, 1954. Married Hannah 
McCutchen Montgomery, October 27, 1927. One son, W. E. East- 
erling, Jr., M.D. Address: 2412 Everett Avenue, Raleigh, N. C. 



BiOGKAPiiicAL Sketches 447 

JOHN WORTH MtDEVITT 

STATE PERSONNEL DIRECTOR 

(Appointed by the State Personnel Council) 

John Worth McDevitt, Democrat, was born in Marshall, N. C, 
April 16, 1913. Son of N. B. and Alice (Hurt) McDevitt. Attended 
Marshall High School, 1930; Mars Hill College, 1930-1933; West- 
ern Carolina College, B. S. degree, 1938; Cornell University, 1943. 
Public school teacher, 1931-1935; Alumni Secretary and Bursar 
of Western Carolina College, 1937-1948; Administrative Assistant, 
Budget Bureau, 1948-1950; State Personnel Director since 1950. 
Mason; Rotarian. Served in U. S. Navy, 1943-1945. Baptist. 
Married Rena Forest Joyner, 1937. Two children, Alice Rayburn 
McDevitt and Jean Forest McDevitt. Address: Wake Forest, N. C. 



GWYN B. PRICE 

CHAIRMAN N. C. RURAL ELECTRIFICATION AUTHORITY 

(Elected by the Rural Electrification Authority) 

Gwyn B. Price, Democrat, was born in Warrensville, N. C, June 
2, 1900. Son of Avery A. and Victoria (Graybeal) Price. Attended 
Jefferson High School of Jefferson, N. C; Duke University, 1919; 
Emory & Henry College, A.B., 1924; graduate University of North 
Carolina, 1928. Owner, Rich Hill Farm. Member Farmers Co- 
operative Council of North Carolina; N. C. Board of Farm Organi- 
zation & Agricultural Agencies; Farm Bureau Federation; Direc- 
tor Farmers Cooperative Exchange, Inc. ; Director Yadkin Valley 
Dairy Cooperative, Wilkesboro, N. C. Awarded certificate by The 
North Carolina State Grange for Distinguished Service to North 
Carolina Farm People, 19 54. Principal of Jefferson High School, 
1924-1938. Chairman North Carolina Rural Electrification Au- 
thority since 1941. Member Rotary Club; The North Carolina 
State Grange; Kappa Phi Kappa; Tau Kappa Alpha; Sigma Chi. 
Methodist. Married Pauline Shoaf, 1925. Children: Joe Gwyn 
Price and Mrs. Virginia Ruth Price Roberts. Home address: 
Warrensville, N. C. Office: Box 630, Raleigh, N. C. 



448 XoiiTii Cakoi.i.na Mamai. 



XATHAX HUXTKH VETiTON 

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY 
TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(Elected by Board of Trustees) 

Nathan Hunter Yelton, Democrat, was born at Bakersfield, N. 
C, April 5, 1901. Son of David and Sarah Jane (Deyton) Yelton. 
Graduated from Yancey Collegiate Institute, Burnsville, N. C; 
B.S., George Peabody College, Nashville, Tennessee, 1928; gradu- 
ate work at the University of North Carolina. 1930; School Ad- 
ministration, George Peabody College, 1931. Teacher, Elemen- 
tary and High School Principal, 1923-1931; Superintendent, 
Mitchell County Schools, 1931-1937; State Director Public As- 
sistance, 1937-1941; Executive Secretary, State School Commis- 
sion, 1941-1942; Controller State Board of Education, 1942'-1943; 
Director N. C. Public Employees' Social Security Agency since 
1951 and Director and Executive Secretary of the North Carolina 
Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System and Teachers' 
and State Employees' Retirement System since 1945. Captain 
U. S. Army, December 19. 19 43 to October 7, 1945 with eighteen 
months overseas; attached to British 11th Armored Division for 
eight months; participated in the invasion of Normandy, Northern 
France and Rhineland Campaigns; later attached to 3rd Army 
with headquarters in Munich in charge of Military Government 
Education program for Bavaria in the denazification of the Ger- 
man School System; promoted to rank of Major. Member Munici- 
pal Finance Officers Association, U. S. and Canada; Southern Con- 
ference on Teacher Retirement and a past president; National 
Council on Teacher Retirement, a division of the National Educa- 
tion Association, having served in the past as a member of the 
Board of Directors and Chairman of the Legislative Committee 
and later as Chairman; State Democratic Executive Committee; 
Governor's Coordinating Committee on Aging; Board of N. C. 
Police Voluntary Benefit Association; Board of Directors Raleigh 
United Fund; American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; 
Raleigh Lions Club. Mason, member Raleigh Lodge 500; Elks 
Club of Raleigh. Presbyterian; Elder in Garner Presbyterian 
Church. Married Cerena Sue Polk (now deceased) of Maryville, 
Tenn., April 16, 1922; one daughter (Mrs. Robert E. Morton) of 



Biographical Sketchf:s 449 

Buffalo, New York. Married Betty Gwyn Holland of Clinton, N. C. 
May 12, 1956; one daughter, Molly Dawn. Home address: Garner, 
N. C. Office: Raleigh, N. C. 

( I.VDK PHARR PATTON 

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 
NORTH CAROLINA WILDLIFE RESOURCES COMMISSION 

(Appointed by the Commission) 

Clyde Pharr Patton, Democrat, was born in Monroe County, 
West Virginia, September 17, 1913. Son of Clyde Thompson and 
Glenna Robinson (Pharr) Patton. Graduated from Herndon, 
Virginia, High School in 1932; Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 
B.S. in Biology in 1936 and M.S. in Wildlife Conservation in 1939. 
Member, Wildlife Society; Outdoor Writers Association of Ameri- 
ca; N. C. Outdoor Writers Association; N. C. Wildlife Federation; 
Atlantic Waterfowl Council, Chairman 1954, 1955, 1958 and 
1959; International Association of Game, Fish and Conservation 
Commissioners, President 1960; Southeastern Association of Game 
and Fish Commissioners, President 1952; Atlantic Flyway Repre- 
sentative, National Waterfowl Council; Editor, Virginia Wildlife 
Magazine, 1946-1948. Co-author of "Wild Mammals of Virginia." 
Author of numerous articles in scientific and popular publications. 
Member, Raleigh Lions Club. Member, Raleigh Lodge No. 500, 
Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons. Commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant, Infantry Reserve (ROTC), May 31, 1936; called to active 
duty with Air Force, June 1941; served in European Theatre 
of Operations from August 1942 to September 1945; released 
from active duty as Lieutenant Colonel, March 1946; Reserve 
Officer at present. Executive Director North Carolina Wildlife 
Resources Commission since February 1, 1948. Presbyterian; 
Elder; Clerk of Session; Past president and teacher of adult 
Sunday School Class. Married Lucile Nadine Jennings, December 
7, 1945. Address: 105 Ashland Street, Raleigh, North Carolina. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS 

SAM J. ERVIX, JR. 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Sam J. Ervin, Jr., Democrat, was born at Morganton, N. C, 
September 27, 1896. Son of Samuel James and Laura (Powe) 
Ervin. Attended University of North Carolina, A.B., 1917; Har- 
vard Law School, LL.B.. 1922. Granted the following honorary 
degrees: LL.D., University of North Carolina, 1951; LL.D., West- 
ern Carolina College, 1955; D. Pub. Admin., Suffolk University, 
1957. Admitted to North Carolina Bar in 1919 and practiced law 
at Morganton from 1922 until present except during term on the 
bench. Member American Bar Association, American Judicature 
Society. North Carolina Bar Association and North Carolina State 
Bar. Served in France with First Division in World War I; twice 
wounded in battle, twice cited for gallantry in action, and awarded 
French Fourragere, Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, Silver 
Star and Distinguished Service Cross. Member North Carolina 
State Democratic Executive Committee. 1930-1937; North Caro- 
lina State Board of Law Examiners, 19 44-1946; Chairman Burke 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 1924; Judge Burke 
County Criminal Court, 1935-1937; Judge North Carolina Super- 
ior Court, 1937-194 3; Chairman North Carolina Commission for 
the Improvement of the Administration of Justice, 1947-1949; 
delegate to the Democratic National Convention, 1956-1960; 
Trustee Morganton Graded Schools, 19 27-19 30, University of 
North Carolina, 1932-1935, 1945-1946, and Davidson College. 
1948-1958. Representative from Burke County in North Carolina 
General Assembly of 19 23, 192'5 and 1931; Representative from 
the Tenth District in the Seventy-ninth Congress, 1946-1947. 
Associate Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court from 
February 3, 1948 until June 11, 19 54 when he qualified as a 
United States Senator under appointment of Governor William 
B. Umstead as successor to the late Clyde R. Hoey; nominated 
and elected to the Senate in 19 54 without opposition for the 
unexpired term ending January 2, 1957; renominated and re- 
elected in 1956 for a full term ending January 2. 1963 by the 

450 



Senator B. Everett Jordan 



Bonner — First District 



Fountain — Second District 



Henderson — Third District 



C'ooley— Fourth District 



Scott— Fifth District 



Koinegay — Sixth District 




452 NoiMii rAKoi.r.NA Manual 

largest majorities ever given a Senatorial candidate in North Caro- 
lina. Member American Legion; Army and Navy Legion of Valor; 
Disabled American Veterans; Society of the First Division; Vet- 
erans of Foreign Wars; Knights Templar; Scottish Rite Masons; 
Ahepa; Dokies; Junior Order; Knights of Pythias; Moose; Ameri- 
can Historical Association; North Carolina Society for the Preser- 
vation of Antiquities; North Carolina Society of Mayflower De- 
scendants; North Carolina Folklore Society; North Carolina Socie- 
ty of the Cincinatti; South Carolina Historical Society; Southern 
Historical Association; State Literary and Historical Association; 
V.^'estern North Carolina Historical Association; Morganton Ki- 
wanis Club; General Alumni Association of the University of 
North Carolina, President, 1947-1948. Chosen Morganton's Man 
of the Year, 1954. Presbyterian. Married Margaret Bruce Bell 
of Concord, N. C, June IS, 1924. Children: Sam J. Ervin, 3d, 
Margaret Leslie Ervin and Laura Powe Ervin (now Mrs. Hallett 
S. Ward, Jr.). Address: Morganton, N. C. 

li. EVERETT JORDAX 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

B. Everett Jordan, Democrat, was born at Ramseur, N. C, 
September 8, 1896. Son of Rev. Henry Harrison and Annie Eliza- 
beth (Sellers) Jordan. Attended Rutherford College, N. C. Pre- 
paratory School, 1912-1913; Trinity College, 1914-1915. Organ- 
ized Sellers Manufacturing Co. in 19 27 and has served as Secre- 
tary-Treasurer and General Manager since; also an official in 
several other textile manufacturing companies. Chairman North 
Carolina Democratic Executive Committee, 1949-1954; Democra- 
tic National Committeeman from North Carolina. 195 4-1958; 
member North Carolina Peace Officers Benefit and Retirement 
Commission, 1943-1958; Chairman Board of Trustees, Alamance 
County General Hospital; Trustee Duke University and Elon Col- 
lege; officer of Alamance County TB Association and Alamance 
County Red Cross. Member Rotary Club and Masonic Order. 
Alamance County Man of the Year, 1955. Served in Tank Corps, 
United States Army, 1918-1919, with occupation forces in Ger- 
many, 1919. Appointed by Governor Luther H. Hodges to the 
U. S. Senate, April 19, 1958, to succeed W. Kerr Scott, deceased. 



BiociKAi'iiicAi. Sketchkss 453 

Elected Nov. 8, 19 60 for full term ending January of 1967. 
Methodist; Laj' Leader. 19o5-1940; Chairman Board of Stewards, 
1930-1950; Teacher Adult Bible Class, 1927-1958; Vice President 
Board of Methodist Colleges, 1952-19 56. Married Katherine Mc- 
Lean of Gastonia, N. C, November 29, 1924. Children: Benjamin 
Everett, Rose Ann Gant and John McLean. Address: Saxapahaw. 
N. C. 



REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

HEKHEHT (OVIXGTOX IJONNER 

(First District — Counties: Beaufort, Camden, Chowan, Curri- 
tuck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perqui- 
mans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Washington. Population 2*53,511.) 

Herbert Covington Bonner, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C. Son of Macon Herbert and Hannah Selby (Hare) Bonner. 
Attended Public and Private Schools, Washington, N. C; Warren- 
ton High School 1906-1909. Farmer. Sergeant Co. 1, 322nd In- 
fantry. 81st Division World War I. Attended Officers Training 
School, Longres, France, after Armistice. Commander Beaufort 
County Post, 1922, and District Commander American Legion, 
N. C. Dept., 1940. Elected to Seventy-sixth Congress from the 
First Congressional District, November 1940, to succeed Lindsay 
C. Warren, resigned. Re-elected to Seventy-seventh, Seventy- 
eighth, Seventy-ninth, Eightieth, Eighty-first, Eighty-second, 
Eighty-third, Eighty-fourth. Eighty-fifth, Eighty-sixth and Eighty- 
seventh Congresses. Episcopalian, Mason, Shriner, Elk and 
Legionnaire. Married Mrs. Eva Hassell Hackney, August 2, 1924. 
Address: Washington, N. C. 

LAWRENCE H. FOl XTAIX 

(Second District — Counties: Bertie, Edgecombe, Greene, Hali- 
fax, Lenoir, Northampton, Warren and Wilson. Population, 

313,728.) 

Lawrence H. Fountain, Democrat, was born in the village of 
Leggett, Edgecombe County, North Carolina, April 23, 1913. Son 



454 Nnitiii Caijoiixa Mamai, 

of Sallie (Harnes) and the late Lawrence H. Fountain. Educated 
in the public schools of Edgecombe County and at the University 
of North Carolina, A.B. and LL.B. degrees. Active attorney-at-law 
from 193 6 until elected to Congress. IMember local, state and 
national Bar Associations; Kiwanis and Moose Clubs; Executive 
Committee East Carolina Council Boy Scouts of America; Board 
of Trustees, Consolidated Presbyterian College, Laurinburg, N. C; 
former Jaycee; Reading Clerk North Carolina State Senate, 1936- 
1941; North Carolina State Senator, 1947-1952. World War II 
veteran of four years service. Elected to 83rd Congress; re-elected 
to 84th, 85th, 86th and S7th Congresses; Member House Com- 
mittees on Government Operations and Foreign Affairs; Chair- 
man, Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of Committee on 
Government Operations. 8 4th-8 7th Congresses. Presbyterian; 
Elder. Married Christine Dail of Mount Olive, N. C. One daughter 
Mary Dail Fountain. Address: Tarboro, N. C. 

DAVID NEWTON HKNDEHSOX 

(Tliird District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Jones, 
Onslow, Pamlico, Pender, Sampson and Wayne. Population, 
382,124.) 

David Newton Henderson, Democrat, was born in Hubert, Ons- 
low County, N. C, April 16, 1921. Attended Wallace High School, 
graduating in 1938; Davidson College, B.S., 1942; University of 
North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1949. Lawyer. Member Duplin 
County Bar Association. Assistant General Counsel to Committee 
on Education and Labor, U. S. House of Representatives, 1951- 
1952; Solicitor Duplin County General Court, 1953-1956; Judge 
Duplin County General Court. 1956-1960. Elected to 87th Con- 
gress, November 8, 1960. Member Lions Club, Past President 
and Past Deputy District Governor; Wallace Volunteer Fire De- 
partment (active for 11 years); Wallace Squadron Civil Air 
Patrol, Legal Officer; Wallace American Legion Post No. 156; 
English-Brown Post 9161, V.F.W. Member and Past Master, 
Wallace Masonic Lodge, 3 2nd degree Mason. Commissioned Sec- 
ond Lieutenant in U. S. Air Force and served overseas in India, 
China and Okinawa; discharged with rank of Major in 1946. 
Member Wallace Presbyterian Church; Board of Deacons; Budget 



BioGitAPHK'Ai. Sketches 455 

Committee; Sunday School Teacher; has conducted worship ser- 
vices in absence of ministers; Chairman of North Carolina Con- 
solidated College (Laurinburg). Fund Campaign for the Wil- 
mington Presbytery. Married Mary Wellons Knowles of Wallace, 
N. C, December 11, 194 2. Children: David Bruce, age 11; Wiley 
Bryant, age 10; WMmbric Boney, age 6. Address: Wallace, N. C. 

HAHOIvl) I). COOLEY 

(Fourth District — Counties: Chatham, Franklin, Johnston, 
Nash, Randolph, Vance and Wake. Population, 442,059.) 

Harold Dunbar Cooley, Democrat, was born at Nashville, N. C, 
July 26, 1897. Son of the late R. A. P. Cooley and Hattie Davis 
Cooley. Attended the public schools of Nash County; University 
of North Carolina; Yale University Law School. Licensed to prac- 
tice law in February of 1918. Presidential elector, 19.3 2; Presi- 
dent Nash County Bar Association, 19 3.3. Member Junior Order 
United American Mechanics, Phi Delta Theta Fraternity and Phi 
Delta Phi Law Fraternity. Served in the Naval Aviation Flying 
Corps during World War I. Elected to Seventy-third Congress, 
July 7, 193 4 and re-elected to each succeeding Congress. Chair- 
man House Committee on Agriculture, Eighty-first, Eighty-second, 
Eighty-fourth and Eighty-sixth Congresses. Member Executive 
Committee and Council of Interparliamentary Union and President 
of the American Group. Baptist. Married Madeline Strickland 
in 1923. One son, Roger A. P. Cooley, H; one daughter, Hattie 
Davis Cooley Lawrence. Address: Nashville, N. C. 

RALPH JAMES StOTT 

(tifth Di.strict — Counties: Caswell, Forsyth. Granville, Person, 
Rockingham, Stokes and Surry. Population, 408,992'.) 

Ralph James Scott, Democrat, was born in Surry County, Octo- 
ber 15, 1905. Son of Samuel M. and Daisy M. (Cook) Scott. At- 
tended Pinnacle High School, graduating in 1925; Wake Forest 
College, LL.B., 1930. Lawyer. Member State and District Bar 
Associations. Representative in the General Assembly of 1937. 
Chairman Stokes County Democratic Executive Committee since 
193 6. Elected Solicitor 21st District, 19 3 8. 1942, 1946, 1950 and 



Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 



Lennon — Seventh District 



Kitchln — Eiglit District 



Alexander — Nintli District 



Jonas — Tenth District 



Wiitener — Eleventh District 



Taylor — Twelfth District 




Biographical Sketches 457 

1954. Elected to 85th Congress, November 6, 1956; re-elected to 
8 6tli Congress, November 4, 195 8 and to 87th Congress, November 
8, 1960. Mason, Shriner and Elk. Baptist. Married Verna Denny, 
November 30, 1929. Two children, Mrs. W. F. Southern of Walnut 
Cove, N. C, and Nancy Scott of Winston-Salem, N. C. Address: 
Danbury, N. C. 

HORACE KOBINSOX KORNEGAY 

(Sixth District — Counties: Alamance, Durham, Guilford and 
Orange. Population, 4 8 7,159.) 

Horace Robinson Kornegay, Democrat, was born in Asheville, 
N. C, March 12, 1924. Son of Marvin Earl and Blanche Person 
(Robinson) Kornegay. Attended Greensboro Senior High School, 
193 8-1941; Georgia School of Technology, 1943; Wake Forest 
College, B.S., degree, 1947; Wake Forest College Law School, 
LL.B., degree, 1949. Lawyer. Member Greensboro Bar Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; 
American Bar Association; American Judicature Society. Assis- 
tant Solicitor for Guilford County, 19 51-19 53; Solicitor for 
Twelfth Solicitorial District of N. C, 1954-1960. Elected to 87th 
Congress, November 8, 1960. Member Alpha Sigma Phi, social 
fraternity; Phi Delta Phi, legal fraternity; Omicron Delta Kappa, 
honorary fraternity; Masonic Order; Scottish Rite Bodies. Past 
President Young Democratic Club of Guilford County; President 
Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina, 1953; Past Vice- 
President of Greensboro Junior Chamber of Commerce; Past 
President of North Carolina Solicitor's Association. Served in 
United States Army, 194 2-1946; Machine Gunner in 100th Infan- 
try Division; awarded the Purple Heart. Methodist; member 
Official Board, 195 6-1959. Married Annie Ben Beale, March 25, 
1950. Children: Horace Robinson Kornegay, Jr., Kathryn Elder 
Kornegay and Martha Beale Kornegay. Address: 200 West Green- 
way South, Greensboro, N. C. 

AliTON ASA LENNON 

(Sevt'iitli District-— Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus, 
Cumberland, Harnett, New Hanover and Robeson. Population, 
455,630.) 



458 NoHTii Cauoi.j.na Ma.xual 

Alton Asa Lennon, Democrat, was born in Wilmington, N. C. 
August 17. 190 6. Son of Rosser Y. and Minnie (High) Lennon. 
Attended New Hanover County Public Schools, 1913-192.5; Wake 
Forest College, LL.B.. 1929. Lawyer. Member New Hanover Bar 
Association; North Carolina Bar Association; State Bar, Inc. 
President, New Hanover County Bar Association, 1953-1954; 
Judge, New Hanovor County Recorders Court, 1934-1942. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 19 47 and 1951. Served in the 
United States Senate from July 15, 195 3 to November 2 9, 19 54. 
by appointment of former Governor William B. Umstead. Elected 
to the 8 5th Congress in the General Election of November 6, 195 6; 
re-elected to 8 6th Congress, November 4, 1958 and to the 8 7th 
Congress, November 8, 19 60. Member International Order of 
Odd Fellows; Loyal Order of Moose. Member of First Baptist 
Church of Wilmington, N. C. Married Karine Welch, October 12. 
1933. Children: Mrs. Edna Lee Lennon Frost and Alton Yates 
Lennon. Address: Wilmington, N. C. 



AliVIN I»AUL KITCHIN 

(Eifihth District — Counties: Anson, Davidson, Davie, Hoke, Lee. 
Montgomery, .Moore, Richmond, Scotland, Union, Wilkes and 
Yadkin. Population, 396,369.) 

Alvin Paul Kitchin, Democrat, was born in Scotland Neck, N. C. 
September 13, 1908. Son of Alvin Paul and Carrie Virginia (Law- 
rence) Kitchin. Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1923- 
192'5; Wake Forest College, 1925-1930; Wake Forest College Law 
School. Lawyer. Worked with Federal Bureau of Investigation 
from January, 1933 to September. 194 5. Elected to 8 5th Congress 
in the General Election of November 6, 1956; re-elected to 86th 
Congress, November 4, 19 58 and to 8 7th Congress November 8. 
1960; member of House Armed Services Committee. Member 
Kiippa Alpha Southern; INlasonic Lodge, Scottish Rite 14th Degree; 
Woodmen of the World; Rotary Club. IMember, First Baptist 
Church of Wadesboro; Deacon; Teacher of Baraca Class. Mar- 
ried Dora Bennett Little, October 13, 1934. Children: A. Paul 
Kitchin. Jr. and Henry Little Kitchin. Address: Wadesboro. N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 459 

HUGH QUINCY ALEXANDER 

(Ninth District — Counties: Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Cabar- 
rus, Caldwell, Iredell, Rowan, Stanly and Watauga. Population, 

364.561.) 

Hugh Quincy Alexander, Democrat, was born in Glendon, N. C, 
August 7, 1911. Son of O. S. and Mary Belle (Reynolds) Alexan- 
der. Attended Goldston Grammar School, 1918-1925; West Dur- 
ham High School. 1925-1928; Durham High School, 1928-1929; 
Duke University, 19 29-193 2; University of North Carolina Law 
School, 1934-1937, LL.B. Lawyer. Member of the N. C. Bar As- 
sociation; Cabarrus County Bar. Shriner, Oasis Temple, President 
Cabarrus County Shrine Club, 1946; Past President of Interstate 
Y.M.C.A.; Young Men's Council N. C. and S. C; President Ka- 
napolis Y. D. C. 1948; Beaver-Pittman Post American Legion, 
Commander, 194 6. State Commander of American Legion, 1950; 
Past Judge Advocate 12th District V. F. W. : Chairman Public 
Affairs Committee of North Carolina Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce, 1949; Representative in the N. C. General Assembly Session 
of 1947 and 1949. Solicitor Cabarrus County Court, 1950-1952; 
member National American Legion Boy's State. Entered service 
as Ensign, U.S.N.R., June 19, 1942; discharged as Lieutenant, 
U.S.N.R., December 25, 1945. Elected to Eighty-third Congress, 
November 4, 1952; re-elected to Eighty-fourth Congress, Novem- 
ber 2, 1954, to Eighty-fifth Congress, November 6, 1956, to Eighty- 
Sixth Congress, November 4, 195 8 and to Eighty-seventh Congress, 
November 8, 1960. Presbyterian. Married Myrtle Elizabeth White, 
September 25, 1942. One daughter, Elizabeth Rippy Alexander, 
and three sons, Hugh Q. Alexander, Jr.. Stephen Alexander, and 
William George Alexander. Address: 2'0 7 S. Main St., Kannapolis, 
N. C. 



CHAKLES HAl'EK JONAS 

(T«Mith District-— Counties: Avery, Burke, Catawba, Lincoln. 
Mecklenburg and Mitchell. Population, 4 52,73 2.) 

Charles Raper Jonas. Republican, was born in Lincoln County, 
N. C, December 9, 190 4. Son of Charles Andrew and Rosa 
(Petrie) Jonas. Attended Lincolnton High School, 1918-1921; 



460 NoiiTii Cakolina Maauaj. 

University of North Carolina, A.B., 1925; University of North 
Carolina Law School, J.D., 1928. Attorney at law. Member 
Lincoln County, North Carolina and American Bar Associations. 
President North Carolina Bar Association, 1946-1947. Member 
North Carolina National Guard since December 29, 1928; active 
duty in United States Army, 1941-19 46, being discharged as 
Lieutenant-Colonel; at present. Colonel, North Carolina National 
Guard. Elected to Congress from the Tenth North Carolina 
Congressional District, November 4, 1952; re-elected November 2, 
1954, November 6. 1956, November 4, 19 58 and November 8, 
1960. Methodist. Married Annie Elliott Lee, August 14, 19 29. 
Children: Charles Jonas, Jr., age 19. Richard Elliott Jonas, age 
17. Address: Lincolnton, N. C. 

BASIL LEE WHITENEK 

(Eleventh District — Counties: Cleveland, Gaston, Madison, Mc- 
Dowell, Polk, Rutherford, and Yancey. Population, 30 7,57 5.) 

Basil Lee Whitener, Democrat, was born in York County, S. C, 
May 14, 1915. Son of Laura Barrett Whitener and the late Levi 
Whitener. Attended the public schools of Gaston County, grad- 
uating from Lowell High School in 1931; Rutherford County 
College; University of South Carolina; Duke University. LL.B., 
1937. Honorary Doctor of Laws, conferred by Belmont Abbey 
College, 1960. Admitted to North Carolina Bar in August of 193 7 
and immediatelj^ entered general practice in Gastonia; admitted 
to District of Columbia Bar in June, 19 59. Member American 
Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Gaston County 
Bar Association, President, 19 50; American Judicature Society; 
General Statutes Commission, 1946; Commission to Study im- 
provement of Administration of Justice, 1947-1949; National As- 
sociation of Claimants" Compensation Attorneys; Judicial Confer- 
ence of Fourth Federal Judicial Circuit. Organizer and first Presi- 
dent, Gastonia Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1938; Vice-Presi- 
dent, N. C. Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1940-1941; President, 
N. C. Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1941-19 42'; honorary life 
member of Gastonia Junior Chamber of Commerce; State Presi- 
dent, Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina, 1946-1947; Per- 
manent Chairman, Young Democratic National Convention at 
Chattanooga, Tenn., November, 1949; Chairman Speakers' Bureau, 



Biographical Sketches 461 

Young Democratic Clubs of America, 1948-1949; Chairman^ Ad- 
visory Committee of Young Democratic Clubs of America, 1949- 
1951; Chairman, Board of Regional Directors of the Young Demo- 
cratic Clubs of America, 1951. Delegate to 1948 and 1960 Demo- 
cratic National Conventions. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1941; renominated in 1942 but resigned to enter the 
U. S. Navy. Served as a gunnery officer in U. S. Navy during 
World War II, being separated from service in November of 1945 
with rank of Lieutenant, USNR. Appointed Solicitor 14th Solici- 
torial District in January of 1946; renominated in May of 1946 
as Democratic candidate for Solicitor and elected in November, 
1946; re-elected in 1950 and 1954. Elected to 85th Congress, 
November 6, 195 6; re-elected November 4, 19 58 and November 8, 
1960. Member of Judiciary Committee. ;\Iember Kiwanis Club; 
Elks Club; American Legion; Forty and Eight; V. F. W.; 32nd 
degree Mason; York and Scottish Rite Bodies; Shriner. Member, 
Main Street Methodist Church of Gastonia; member Official Board. 
Married Harriet Priscilla Morgan of Union, S. C, September 26, 
1942. Three children: John Morgan Whitener, born October 25, 
1945; Laura Lee Whitener, born August 15, 1950; Basil Lee 
Whitener, Jr., born October 16, 1952. Address: Gastonia, N. C. 

ROY A. TAYLOR 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Gra- 
ham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Swain and Transyl- 
vania. Population 291,715.) 

Roy A. Taylor, Democrat, was born in Vader, Washington, 
January 31, 1910. Attended the public schools of Buncombe 
County; Asheville-Biltmore College; Maryville College; Asheville 
University Law School. Admitted to the Bar in January of 193 6. 
Buncombe County Attorney, 1949-19 60. Member Board of Trus- 
tees Asheville-Biltmore College, 19 49-19 60; Lions Club, District 
Governor, 195 2. Navy Combat Veteran World War II; served as 
Commanding Officer to L. S. T. and discharged with rank of 
Lieutenant. Representative in the North Carolina General Assem- 
bly, 1947, 1949, 1951 and 19 53. Elected to Eighty-Sixth Congress, 
June 2 5. 1960; re-elected to Eighty-Seventh Congress, November 
8, 1960. Baptist; Deacon. Married Evelyn Reeves. Two children, 
Alan and Toni. Address: Black Mountain, N. C. 



Chiof ,T\!sli{i' Wiubornc 



Justice lU'iuix 



.Tustico I'arkcr 




.histicc l^obbitt 



Justifi' Higgiiis 




Justice Kmliiui!! 



•IB^^Sf— 



Justice Moore 




^^aoT 



-^ 



Vs. 




JUSTICES OF THE NORTH CAROLINA 
SUPREME COURT 

JOHN WALLACE WINRORXE 

CHIEF JUSTICE 

Johu Wallace Winborne was born in Chowan County, N. C, 
July 12, 1884. Son of Dr. Robert H. and Annie P. (Parker) Win- 
borne. Attended Horner .Military School, Oxford, 1900-1902; A.B., 
ITniver.sity of North Carolina, 1906; LL.D., University of North 
Carolina, 1946. Married twice: first to Charlie May Blanton, 
March 30, 1910 who died November 4. 1940. To them two chil- 
dren were born: daughter, Charlotte Blanton now Mrs. Charles M. 
Shaffer, Chapel Hill, N. C, and a son, John Wallace, Jr. of At- 
lanta, Ga. Second marriage to Mrs. Lalage Gates Rorison, June 
14, 1947. Taught, Bingham IMilitary School, Asheville, N. C, 
1906-1907. Admitted to practice. North Carolina, 1906. Prac- 
ticed, Marion, N. C, after 190 7. Member firm of Pless and Win- 
borne, 1907-1919; Pless, Winborne and Pless, 1919-1926; Pless, 
Winborne, Pless and Proctor, 19 26-19 27; Winborne and Proctor, 
1928-1937. Member of Board of Alderman, 1913-1921; Attorney, 
Marion and McDowell County, 1918-1937; Member local Selective 
Service Board during World War I. Chairman Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, McDowell County. 1910-1912; Member State 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1916-1937; Chairman, State 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1932-1937. Member Local Gov- 
ernment Commission of North Carolina, 1931-1933. Chairman 
N. C. Judicial Council, 1954. Delta Kappa Epsilon; Mason; Grand 
Master of Masons of North Carolina, 1931 ;■ Executive Club of 
Raleigh. Member North Carolina State Bar Association and Am- 
erican Bar Association; Fellow American Bar Foundation; mem- 
ber Judicature Society; Member Executive Council of Conference 
of Chief Justices, 1959 — . Honorary member of North Carolina 
Society of the Cincinnati; honorary member Phi Delta Phi; Marion 
Kiwanis club (president, 19 23). Appointed by Governor Hoey 
Associate Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina, July 1, 1937; 
elected for a term of eight years in November, 1938; re-elected for 
a term of eight years in November, 1946; re-elected for a term 

463 



464 North Cakoi.ina Manual 

of eight years in November, 1954. Appointed Chief Justice by 
Governor Luther H. Hodges, to fill vacancy in the office, effec- 
tive August 21, 1956; elected in November, 1956, to fill out 
term expiring December 31. 19 58; re-elected November 4, 1958 
for a full eight year term. Home address: Marion, N. C. Of- 
ficial address: Raleigh, N. C. 

ElMERY BYRD DENNY 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Emery Byrd Denny was born in Surry County, North Carolina, 
November 23, 189 2. Son of Rev. Gabriel and Sarah Delphina 
(Stone) Denny. Attended public schools of Surry County, Gilliam 
Academy, and University of North Carolina. Honorary degree of 
LL.D., conferred by the University of North Carolina in 1946 and 
by Wak© Forest College in 1947. Admitted to practice law, 1919. 
Member law firm of Denny & Gaston, 1919-1921, Mangum & 
Denny, 1921-1930, practiced alone, 1930-1942. Attorney for 
Gaston €&unty, 1927-1942, and North Carolina Railroad, 1937- 
1938; Mayor of Gastonia, 1929-1937. Private, Corporal, Sergeant 
and Master Electrician in aviation section, Signal Corps, World 
War I. President, Gastonia Chamber of Commerce, 19 25; Chair- 
man, Gaston County Board of Elections, 1924-1926; Chairman. 
Gaston County Democratic Executive Committee, 19 26-1928; 
Chairman, State Democratic Committee, 1940-1942. President 
and Director Ranlo Manufacturing Company, 1936-1941; Trustee 
University of North Carolina, 19 41-1943; Chairman, Board of 
Trustees of Gaston County Public Library, 1935-1942'; Chairman, 
Board of Trustees of Garrison Memorial Hospital, 193 4-193 9; 
special counsel for the Governor during the General Assembly 
of 1941. Member American Legion; Phi Delta Phi; Watauga Club; 
Holland Memorial Lodge No. 668, A.F. & A.M.; Gastonia Chapter 
No. 66, Royal Arch Masons; Gastonia Commandery No. 28 Knights 
Templar and St. Titus Conclave No. 7 2, Red Cross of Constantine. 
Baptist. Chairman, Judicial Council. Trustee, North Carolina 
Baptist Hospital, Winston-Salem, N. C; member Executive Com- 
mittee and Chairman Board of Trustees of Southeastern Baptist 
Theological Seminary of Wake Forest, N. C. Appointed Associ- 
ate Justice Supreme Court of North Carolina by Governor Brough- 
ton, February 3, 1942, to succeed the late Associate Justice Heriot 



Biographical Sketches 465 

Clarkson. Elected to fill out the unexpired term and for a full 
eight-year term, November 3, 1942; re-elected for a term of eight 
years November 7, 1950; re-elected for a term of eight years, 
November 4, 1958. Married Bessie Brandt Brown, Salisbury, N. C, 
December 27, 1922. Children: Emery B., Jr., Betty Brown, Sarah 
Catherine (now Mrs. Bailey P. Williamson of Raleigh), and Jeane 
Stone (now Mrs. Wallace Ashley, Jr., of Smithfield, N. C). 
Address: Raleigh, N. C. Home address: Gastonia, N. C. 

ROBERT HUNT PARKER 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Robert Hunt Parker, Democrat, was born in Enfield, N. C, 
February 15, 1892. Son of R. B. and Victoria C. (Hunt) Parker. 
Attended Enfield Graded School, graduating in 1908; University 
of North Carolina, 1908-1911; University of Virginia, 1911-1912, 
B.A. ; University of Virginia Law School, 1912-1915, L.L.B.; Wake 
Forest Law School, summer of 1914; honorary LL.D., University 
of North Carolina, 1958. Field artillery officer in World War I 
with nearly seventeen months of service in Prance. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1923. Solicitor for the State Third 
Judicial District, February 23, 1924-September 24, 1932'; Judge 
Superior Court, September 24, 1932-November 25, 1952, having 
been nominated and elected without opposition in 1934, 1942 and 
1950. Nominated in Democratic Primary of 1952 for Associate 
Justice of the N. C. Supreme Court and elected November 4, 1952, 
assuming office November 25, 1952; re-elected for a term of 
eight years, November 8, 19 60. Member Confederate Centen- 
nial Commission; Governor Richard Caswell Memorial Commis- 
sion; American Legion; 40 & 8; Veterans of Foreign Wars. 
Episcopalian. Married Mrs. Rie Williams Rand of Greensboro, 
N. C, November 28, 1925. Home address: Roanoke Rapids, 
N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 

WILLIAIVI HAYWOOD BOBBITT 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

William Haywood Bobbitt, Democrat, was born in Raleigh, N. 
C, October 18, 1900. Son of James Henry and Eliza May (Burk- 
liead) Bobbitt. Attended graded schools of Baltimore, Md. ; 



466 Ndinii PAiidiiNA Mwt \i. 

Charlotte High School of Charlotte, N. C. l'Ji;J-1917; University 
of North Carolina, A.B., 1921; University of North Carolina School 
of Law, 1920-1921. Licensed to practice law January :^0, 19 22; 
associated with firm of Stewart & iMcRae until September 1, 1922; 
member of firm of Parker, Stewart, McRae & Bobbitt from Septem- 
ber 1, 1922 to October 1. 19 25; member of firm of Stewart, McRae 
& Bobbitt from October 1, 1925 to October 1, 1930; member of 
firm of Stewart & Bobbitt from October 1. 1930 through Decem- 
ber 31, 1938; admitted to practice in State Courts of North Caro- 
lina, United States District Court, United States Circuit Court of 
Appeals, Fourth Circuit, and the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Member Mecklenburg County Bar Association; North 
Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association; American 
Judicature Society. Received honorary LL.D. degrees: Davidson 
College, 1953, and University of North Carolina, 1957. Member 
N. C. Commission to study Improvement of Administration of 
Justice in N. C, 1947-1949; N. C. Judicial Council, 1949-1954; 
Past President and life member of Charlotte Civitan Club; Trustee 
of Brevard College, 1933-1952; President, General Alumni Associ- 
ation, University of North Carolina, 1954-1955. Elected resident 
Superior Court Judge of the 14th Judicial District in 1938 and 
again in 1946; served as Superior Court Judge continuously from 
January 1, 193 9 through January, 1954; appointed by Governor 
William B. Umstead as Associate Justice, North Carolina Supreme 
Court, February 1, 19 54, and served under such appointment until 
1954 General Election; elected without opposition in 195 4 Gen- 
eral Election to unexpired portion of term of former Associate 
Justice Barnhill and for full eight-year term beginning January 
1, 19 55. Member Dilworth Methodist Church, Charlotte, N. C. 
Married Sarah Buford Dunlap, February 28, 19 24. Children: Mrs. 
John W. Carter, Morganton, N. C; Wm. H. Bobbitt, Jr., Charlotte, 
N. C; Mrs. Ekkehart Sachtler, Forest Hills, N. Y.; Mrs. D. S. 
Moss, Enfield, N. C. Home address: Charlotte, N. C. Official 
address: Raleigh, N. C. 

CARLISLE WALLACE HKitilXS 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE' 

Carlisle Wallace Higgins, Democrat, was born at Eunice, N. C, 
October 17. 1889. Son of Martin A. and Jennie C. (Bledsoe) Hig- 



Biographical Sketch?:s 467 

gins. Attended Bridle Creek Academy, Independence, Va., 190 5- 
190S; University of Nortli Carolina, A.B., 1912; University of 
North Carolina Law School, 1913-1914. Member North Carolina 
Bar Association; Forsyth County Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar. Solicitor, Eleventh Judicial District, 1930-1934; 
United States Attorney, Middle District of North Carolina, 1934- 
1947; Assistant Chief and Acting Chief International Prosecution 
Section, International Military Tribunal, Tokyo. 1945-194 7. Re- 
presentative from Alleghany County in the General Assembly of 
1925 and State Senator from the Twenty-ninth Senatorial District 
in the General Assembly of 1929. Appointed Associate Justice 
Supreme Court of North Carolina by Governor Umstead, June 8, 
19 54 to succeed Sam J. Ervin, Jr. Re-elected to full eight year 
term ending Dec. 31, 1966. Member Masonic Lodge; American 
Legion; Forty and Eight. Methodist. Married Myrtle Bryant. 
Children: C. W. Higgins, Jr., Galax, Virginia; Mrs. Mary Cecile 
Bridges, Greensboro, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. 



WILLIAM BLOUNT RODMAN 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

William Blount Rodman, Democrat, was born in Washington, 
N. C. July 2. 1989. Son of Col. William Blount Rodman and 
Addie (Fulford) Rodman. Attended Horner's Military Academy; 
Oak Ridge Institute; A.B., University of North Carolina, 1910; 
University of North Carolina Law School. Licensed to practice, 
1911. Member law firm Small, MacLean, Bragaw and Rodman and 
subsequently of Rodman and Rodman. President of the North 
Carolina State Bar, 1941. Lieutenant U. S. Navy (R) duration of 
World War I. Mayor of Washington, N. C, 1919-1920. State 
Senator from the Second Senatorial District, 193 7 and 1939. Rep- 
resentative from Beaufort County in the General Assembly of 
1951, 1953 and 1955. Appointed Attorney General of N. C, July 
1955. Appointed Associate Justice N. C. Supreme Court, August 
1956 for term ending December 31, 1962. Married Helen Farnell, 
August 17, 1918. Five children: Captain William Blount Rodman 
4th, U. S. Navy; Mary Helen, wife of Captain John C. Hill 2nd, 
U. S. Navy; Marcia, wife of Lieutenant Colonel George E. Law- 
rence, U.S.M.C.; twin sons, George Farnell Rodman, Foreign Ser- 



468 NoRTU Carolina Manual 

vice, U. S. State Dept., and Edward Newton Rodman, lawyer, 
Washington, N. C. Official address: Raleigh, N. C. Home address: 
Washington, N. C. 

CLIFTON LEONARD MOORE 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICE 

Clifton Leonard Moore, Democrat, was born in Burgaw, N. C, 
September 28, 1900. Son of William David and Ida (Murray) 
Moore. Attended Burgaw Elementary and High School; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, A.B., 1923. George Washington Univer- 
sity, LL.B., 1927. Member N. C. State Bar; N. C. Bar Associa- 
tion, Vice-President; Eighth Judicial District Bar, Past President; 
Phi Delta Phi; Order of the Coif; Masonic Order. President Cape 
Fear Area Council, Boy Scouts of America, 19 50 and 1951; Silver 
Beaver Award (Boy Scouts of America). Chairman Democratic 
Executive Committee for Pender County, 1928-1938; County At- 
torney, 1932-1943; Judge Pender County Recorder's Court, 1932- 
1936; District Solicitor, Eighth District, 1943-1954; Judge Super- 
ior Court, Fifth District, 1954-1959. Appointed Associate Justice 
North Carolina Supreme Court by Governor Luther H. Hodges on 
February 2, 19 59 to succeed Jefferson D. Johnson, retired, for 
term ending December 31, 19 60. Re-elected for a term of eight 
years, November 8, 19 60. Methodist; Steward for past twenty 
years; District Steward; Trustee; District Trustee; Associate Dis- 
trict Lay Leader . Married Hazel Swinson, July 11, 1934. Child- 
ren: Clifton L. Moore, Jr., and Mary Hazel Moore. Address: 
Burgaw, N. C. 



MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

SENATORS 

DALLAS L. ALFOKD, Jr. 

(Sixth District — Counties: Franklin, Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

Dallas L. Alford, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Sixth Senator- 
ial District, was born in Durham, N. C. Son of Dallas Lloyd Alford, 
Sr.. and Sally Kate (Pope) Alford. Attended Durham High 
School; Duke University, 1931. Realtor. Owner and operator of 
Alford Insurance & Realty Company; President and Treas. Munn 
Griffin & Co., Inc. Past President Rocky Mount Realtors Associa- 
tion and Rocky Mount Mutual Insurance Agents Association. 
Member Board of Aldermen, City of Rocky Mount, 1939-1942; 
Nash County Board of Commissioners, 1948-1958; Chairman, 
195 2-1958; Chairman Nash County Board of Health, 19 52-19 58. 
Member Commission for the Study of Revenue Structure of the 
State, 1957-1958; member Lodge 1038, B.P.O.E.; 40 and 8; Ki- 
wanis Club; Benvenue Country Club, Rocky Mount, N. C; Delta 
Sigma Phi Social Fraternity. Lt. Commander U. S. Navy, 1942- 
1946. Past President North Carolina Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce, Rocky Mount Junior Chamber of Commerce and North 
Carolina County Commissioners Association; Director Peoples 
Bank & Trust Company, Rocky Mount, N. C; Citizens Savings & 
Loan Association, Rocky Mount, N. C. and Rocky Mount Chamber 
of Commerce. Chairman Twin County Law Enforcement Executive 
Committee; Commander American Legion, 1948. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 19 59. Methodist; member Official 
Board of First Methodist Church, Rocky Mount, N. C, 1938-19-58. 
Married Margarette Glenn Griffin, November 17, 1945. Children: 
Dallas L., Ill, Benjamin G., Margarette G. and Catherine Eliza- 
beth. Address: 100 Wildwood Avenue, Rocky Mount, N. C. 

X. ELTON AYDLETT 

(First District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

469 



H. Cloyd I'hilpc.tt 

I'ri'sklent of tlie Senate 



Alforci of Xash 

Aydlett of Pasquotank 
Banzet of Warren 



Bell of Mecklenburg 
Brock of Davie 

Burrow of Randolph 



Clark of Bladen 
Claj'ton of Jackson 
Cook of Caldwell 



Crew of Halifax 
Currie of Durham 
Davis of Forsyth 



Eagles of Wilson 
Eubank of Pender 
Forsyth of Cherokee 





^tM 



BlOOHAPHK Al. SKKIfUKS 471 

N. Elton Aydlett, Democrat, Senator from the First Senatorial 
District, was born in Harbinger, Currituck County, N. C. Son of 
N. T. and Lydia (Duncan) Aydlett. Attended University of North 
Carolina, Class of 19 25; University of North Carolina Law 
School, LL.B., 1926. Lawyer; member of the law firm of Mc- 
cullan, Aydlett & White. Member North Carolina State Bar. 
Clerk Superior Court and Juvenile Judge of Pasquotank County, 
1928-1946; Chairman Pasquotank County Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, 19 43-19 54; member State Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee, 1950-1954; Mayor of Elizabeth City, 1951-1955. 
Director and General Counsel Kill Devil Hills Memorial Society; 
Director N. C. League of Municipalities; President Elizabeth City 
Chamber of Commerce, 1948-1951; Past President and Director 
Elizabeth City Kiwanis Club; Past President Elizabeth City Con- 
cert Association. Member Lambda Chi Alpha Social Fraternity; 
Phi Alpha Delta Legal Fraternity; B.P.O. Elks; Improved Order of 
Red Men. Member Board of Trustees East Carolina College, 
19 55-1957; State Board of Higher Education since 19 57; Gover- 
nor Hodges' Trade and Industry Mission to Europe, November, 
1959, and "Club 68." Director Elizabeth City Boys' Club since 
1937. State Senator in the General Assembly of 195 5 and 19 57. 
Baptist. Married Pantlia L. Houser, June 6, 1928. One daughter, 
Mrs. Robert D. Aldridge. Address: 100 6 West Church Street, 
Elizabeth City, N. C. 



FRANK imOADHURHT JJANZET 

(Third District — Counties: Northampton, Vance and Warren. 
One Senator.) 

Frank Broadhurst Banzet, Democrat, Senator from the Third 
Senatorial District, was born in Ridgeway, N. C. March 4, 1907. 
Son of Julius Edmond, Sr. and Eleanor Jones (Broadhurst) Ban- 
zet. Attended Northwestern University; Northwestern University 
School of Law. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Association; 
North Carolina State Bar; President Ninth Judicial District Bar, 
1960-1961. Mayor of Warrenton, 1948-1952; Assistant United 
States Attorney, 195 2-19 53. Major, United States Army, 194 2- 
194 6; National Guard Infantry since 1947, now Lieutenant Colon- 
el. Member American Legion, Commander, Post No. 25, 1948; 



472 Noinii Cakoi.i.na Manuai, 

Chef de Gare, Forty & Eight, Henderson, N. C. (Voiture Locale 
No. 1215). Methodist; Steward, 1953-1954; Chairman, Commis- 
sion on Education since 19 60. Married Elba Louise McGowan, 
December 20, 1941. Two children: Thomas Broadhurst Banzet 
and Lucy White Banzet. Address: Warrenton, N. C. 

JESSE S1'EX( KK IJELL 

(Twentieth District — County: Mecklenburg. One Senator.) 

Jesse Spencer Bell, Democrat, Senator from the Twentieth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Charlotte, N. C, April 1, 190 6. Son of 
James A. and Jessie M. (Spencer) Bell. Attended Charlotte Public 
Schools and Charlotte High School; Duke University, A.B., 1927; 
Harvard Law School, 19 28-19 29; University of North Carolina 
Law School, LL.B., 1930. Lawyer. Member Mecklenburg County 
Bar Association; N. C. Bar Association, President, 1952'-19 53; 
American Bar Association. Chairman Charlotte - Mecklenburg 
Planning Commission; President Social Planning Council. Select- 
ed by Charlotte News as Charlotte Man of the Year, 19 55. Mem- 
ber Sigma Chi Fraternity. Served in World War II as Major in 
Field Artillery, 1941-1946. State Senator in the General Assembly 
of 1957 and 1959. Methodist; member of Official Board, First 
Methodist Church of Charlotte, N. C. Married Katherine Castellet, 
May 8, 1953. Address: Route 1, Matthews, N. C. 

BURR COLEY BROCK, SR. 

( Twenty -foui'th District — Counties: Davie. Wilkes and Yadkin. 
One Senator.) 

Burr Coley Brock, Sr., Republican, Senator from the Twenty- 
fourth Senatorial District, was born in Farmington, N. C, Novem- 
ber 26, 1S91. Son of Moses B. and Vert (Coley) Brock. Attended 
schools of Advance, Baltimore, Cooleemee, Woodleaf, Farmington 
and Clemmons High School, graduating in 1913; University of 
N. C. Law School, 1913-1915; A.B., 1916. Lawyer. President 
22'nd Judicial District Bar of N. C, 1957-1958. Mason; Junior 
Order United American Mechanics; Odd Fellows; member of 
Grange; Woodmen of the World; President Mocksville Lodge of 
P.O.S. of A., also County and District President. Member State 



Biographical Sketchks 473 

Republican Executive Committee, 193 7-19 59; Chairman Boy 
Scout Committee, F"'armington, 1940-1949. Member School Com- 
mittee, 1941-1949. Member Board of Trustees Appalachian 
State Teachers College since 1949, Vice-Chairman, 1952-1956. 
Government appeal agent, World War II. Representative in 
the General Assembly from Davie County in 1917, 1933, 1935, 
1951, 1957 and 1959; Minority Leader in 1933 and 1951. State 
Senator, 1937, 1943, 1949 and 1955; Chairman Joint House and 
Senate Caucus Committee, 1935. Methodist; Teacher Young 
Men's Class for eight years, Mocksville M.E. Church, South; now 
teaching Men's Bible Class; Chairman Circuit Board of Stewards 
and Lay Leader Farmington Methodist Circuit; Chairman of 
Board of Stewards; Chairman, Building Committee; Superinten- 
dent of Sunday School for four years; Associate Lay Leader, 
Elkin District, 1940-1941; Lay Leader, 1942-1943; Associate Lay 
Leader of Thomasville District, 1943-1959; Secretary and Trea- 
surer of District Trustees and Chairman of the Location and Build- 
ing Committee, 1943-1959; Chairman of Committee for Higher 
Education of Methodist Church for Davie County; ordained Lay 
Speaker, Thomasville District. Married Laura Tabor, December 
23, 1919. Children: B. C, Jr., Margaret Jo, P'rancis, John Tabor, 
James Moses, Richard Joe, William Laurie and Rufus Leo. Five 
grandchildren. Address: Mocksville, N. C. 



SAMUEL JACKSON BURROW, JR. 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Samuel Jackson Burrow, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the 
Twelfth Senatorial District, was born in Warrenton, N. C, Febru- 
ary 25, 1918. Son of Samuel J. Burrow, Sr. and Cora L. Burrow 
(both now deceased). Attended Asheboro High School, graduat- 
ing in 1936; Wake Forest College, 1936-1937. Representative 
Equitable Life Assurance Society. Delegate Democratic National 
Convention, 195 6; member Board of Trustees, Teachers' and 
State Employees' Retirement System, 1953-1959. Member Ameri- 
can Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Forty and Eight; Junior 
Chamber of Commerce "Young Man of the Year", 1950. Served 
in World War II from 1942 to 1945 with 2 6 months in European 



474 Xoiri II (Vmmii.ina Mamai 

Theatre as niemljer of Eighth Air Force. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1959. Appointed by Governor Hodges in 1959 
to Board of Trustees, Winston-Salem Teachers College. Metho- 
dist; Teacher of Senior Young People's Class of Sunday School. 
Married Maxine Cole. Children: Jane Cole, age 13; Samuel Jack- 
son. Ill, age 11; William Henderson, age fi. Address: ?>?.5 Ridge- 
crest Road, Asheboro, N. C. 

EDWAHI) HHKEDEX CLARK 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus nnd 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Edward Breeden Clark, Democrat, Senator from the Tenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Abbottsburg, N. C, January 29, 1916. 
Son of Hector H. and Olive (Breeden) Clark. Attended Elizabeth- 
town Public Schools, 1921-1932; University of North Carolina, 
B.S., 1936; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 
1939. Lawyer. Member Bladen County Bar Association; 13th 
Judicial District Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; 
American Bar Association; Council of North Carolina State Bar, 
1954-1957; President, 13th Judicial Bar Association, 1960; 
President Ninth Judicial Bar Association, 1954-1955; Presi- 
dent Elizabethtown Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1949; Presi- 
dent Elizabethtown Chamber of Commerce, 1948; Chairman 
Nortii Bladen Chapter American Red Cross, 1948-1954. Judge 
Bladen County Recorder's Court, 1945-1950 and Solicitor, 1950- 
1952. Chairman, 7th Congressional District YDC, 1950. Member 
Bladen Lodge No. 64 6 Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons. En- 
tered United States Army in March of 19 42; commissioned 2nd 
Lieutenant of Infantry in October, 1942; served as officer in 
rifle company with 36th Infantry Division in Italy; wounded and 
returned to United States in April, 1944 and transferred to 
Judge Advocate General Department; discharged as Captain. 
October, 194 6. State Senator in General Assembly of 195 7. 
Methodist; member Official Board; Teacher Young Men's Bible 
Class, 1950-1955; Church School Superintendent, 1955-1956. 
Married Adele Peele, Laurinburg, N. C, December 20, 1942'. 
Children: John Hector, age 14; Edward, Jr., age 13; Ben, age 10. 
Address: Elizabethtown. N. C. 



Bi<)(;i!.vi'jiit Ai, Ski:tchks 475 

TOM L. CLAYTON 

(Thirty-second District — Counties: Haywood. Henderson, Jack- 
.^on, Polk and Transylvania. Two Relators.) 

Tom L. Clayton, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-second 
Senatorial District, was born in Sylva, N. C, June 11, 1923. Son 
of Tom Lee and Ethel (Hooper) Clayton. Attended school. Bap- 
tist Orphanage, Thomasville, N. C, 1927-1941. Assistant Office 
Manager, Nantahala Power & Light Company, Sylva, N. C. Coun- 
ty Accountant and Tax Collector, Jackson County, 194 6-19 57; Past 
President, Jackson County Young Democratic Club; Past Chair- 
man. Jackson County Welfare Board. Served in U. S. Army, 
Infantry Division in Italy, 1943-1945, with rank of Sergeant; 
was wounded three times. Member Sylva Lions Club, Past Presi- 
dent, 1952-1953; Scotts Creek Parent-Teachers Association, Past 
President, 1956-1958; Junior Chamber of Commerce; Mason. 
Baptist; Deacon; former Sunday School Superintendent and now 
teaches Young Adult Men's Sunday School Class. Married Joyce 
PMsher, December 29, 1946. One son, Thomas David Clayton, age 
11. Address: P. O. Box 49 3, Sylva, N. C. 



DENNIS SHELTOX COOK 

(Twenty-eighth District — Counties: Alexander, Burke and Cald- 
well. One Senator.) 

Dennis Shelton Cook, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
eighth Senatorial District, was born in Globe, N. C, July 28, 1907. 
Son of Job Filmore and Lula (Stroup) Cook. Attended Caldwell 
and Watauga County Public Schools; Lenoir City Schools; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, Pre-Dental, 1927-1928; Emory Uni- 
versity, 1928-1932, D.D.S. Dental surgeon. Member Tri-County 
Dental Society, President, 1936; N. C. Dental Society; American 
Dv^ntal Society; President of the First District Dental Society of 
North Carolina; former member of the Commission on Reappor- 
tionment and Redistricting for the State of North Carolina. Served 
on Indusrial Commission Committee, N. C. Dental Society. Served 
as Chairman of the Liason Committee to the Old North State Dent- 
al Society. Member of the House of Delegates to the N. C. Dental 
Society from the First District. Served on Advisorv Committee to 



47G NoKTii Carolina Manual 

Solioul Health Co-ordinating Service of N. C. Dental Society. Mem- 
ber Lenoir City Council, 1946-1955; Lenoir City Public Health 
Committee, 1946-1955; Lenoir City Water Committee, 1960-1955; 
Chairman Lenoir City Street Committee, 1948-1955; Mayor pro 
tem. City of Lenoir, 1950-1955. Served in World War II with 
rank of Major in Medical Corps of Army Air Force, 1941-1945; 
Chief Dental Surgeon, U. S. Air Force Base Hospital, Barksdale 
Field, La., 19 42-1944. Member Delta Sigma Delta Fraternity. 
Mason; Shriner; Scottish Rite (3 2nd Degree). State Senator in 
the General Assembly of 19 55. Presbyterian; Deacon. Married 
Annabev Whitmire, September 24, 1932. Children: Dennis Shel- 
ton, Jr., and Carol K. Address: 210 Norwood Street, Lenoir, N. C. 

WILLIAM LUNSFORD CREW 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two Sen- 
ators.) 

William Lunsford Crew, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Northampton County, October 29, 
1917. Son of James Winfield, Sr., and Texas A. (Stanley) Crew. 
Attended Pleasant Hill Grammar School, 1923-19 30; Roanoke 
Rapids High School, 1930-1934; University of North Carolina, 
A.B., 1938; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 
1941. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association and North 
Carolina Bar Association. Organizer, Director and Attorney for 
First Federal Savings and Loan Association of Roanoke Rapids. 
Member of N. C. Education Advisory Committee. Member of 
Southern Regional Education Board and member of Regional Ad- 
visory Council on Nuclear Energy. Trustee of University of 
North Carolina. Member Phi Gamma Delta, Secretary, 1938 
Civic Music Club; Roanoke Rapids Chamber of Commerce 
Roanoke Rapids Junior Chamber of Commerce, President, 1949 
Roanoke Rapids Exchange Club, President, 1948-1949 and Past 
District Governor; member American Legion; Veterans of Foreign 
Wars; Roanoke Rapids Civic Music Association, President; Roa- 
noke Rapids Executive Club. Lieutenant (j.g.) United States 
Navy, 194 3-194 6. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1953, 
1955, 1957 and 1959. Methodist; Sunday School Teacher, 1947- 
1952. Married Nancy Trotter Homey, November 14, 1940. 



BioGEAPHiCAi, Sketches 477 

Children: William Lunsford Crew. Jr., age 12, Nancy Alexander 
Crew, age 18. Address: Roanoke Rapids, N. C. 

CLAUDE CLKKIE 

(Foiii'ti'cuth l)istri<'t — Counties: Durham, Granville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

Claude Currie, Democrat, Senator from the Fourteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Candor, Montgomery County, N. C, 
December 8, 1890. Son of John C. and Louise (McKinnon) Currie. 
Attended Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1911-1914; University of 
North Carolina, A.B. and LL.B., 1926. President Security Savings 
and Loan Association. State Senator, Eighteenth Senatorial Dis- 
trict, 1927; Fourteenth Senatorial District 1945, 1947, 1949, 
1953, 1955, 1957 and 1959. United States Army Air Corps, 1917- 
1919; Pursuit Observer, Sgt. Presbyterian. Address: 1118 Sedge- 
field Street, Durham, N. C. 

ARCHIBALD KI]\IBROLGH DAVIS 

(Twenty-second District — County: Forsyth. One Senator.) 

Archibald Kimbrougli Davis, Democrat, Senator from the 
Twenty-second Senatorial District, was born in Winston-Salem, 
N. C, January 22, 1911. Son of Dr. Thomas W. and Frances (Con- 
rad) Davis. Attended Woodbury Forest School, 19 25-1929; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1932, A.B. degree; Graduate School of 
Banking, Rutgers University, 1940. Banker. Chairman of the 
Board, Wachovia Bank and Trust Company; Past President, 
State Bank Division, American Bankers Association; Vice-Presi- 
dent and Director, U. S. Chamber of Commerce, Chairman of its 
Finance Committee; former Director and Vice-President Wins- 
ton-Salem Chamber of Commerce; First-President, Northwest 
North Carolina Development Association and Chairman Board 
of Directors. Member Rotary Club of Winston-Salem; Phi Beta 
Kappa. President Rotary Club, 1958-1959. Former Chairman 
Agricultural Extension Service Advisory Committee, N. C. State 
College. Former member Commerce and Industry Committee, 
N. C. Department of Conservation and Development. Member 
State Legislative Building Commission; President Research Tri- 



478 NdlMii ("AKOl.INA Manlai- 

angle Fuiiiuiatioii uf North Carolina; fornier Chairman Wius- 
ton-Salem Parking Authority; former Trustee Salem Academy 
and College; former Trustee Winston-Salem Teachers College. 
Slate Senator in the General Assembly of 1959. Member Home 
Moravian Church, Winston-Salem; Trustee. Married Mary Louise 
Haywood, May 12, 1938. Three sons: Archie H., John Haywood, 
Thomas Whitmel, IH. One daughter, Louise Bahnson. Address: 
2S28 Forest Drive, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

JOSEl'H (OLIN EAGLES, .IK. 

(Sixth J»istri«-t — Counties: Franklin, Nash and Wilson. Two 
Senators.) 

Joseph Coliu Eagles, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Sixth 
Senatorial District, was born in Wilson, N. C, October 5, 1910. 
Son of J. C. and Susie Whitehead (Moye) Eagles. Graduated 
from Wilson High School, 1927; University of North Carolina, 
A.B., 1931; University of North Carolina Law School, J.D., 1934. 
Tobacconist and farmer. Member of Kappa Sigma and Phi Beta 
Kappa fraternities. Partner in Cozart, Eagles & Company, 
tobacco warehouses; Vice-President Boykin Grocery Company, 
Inc.; Director Watson Warehouse, Inc.; Director Branch Banking & 
Trust Company; Director North Carolina Symphony Society; mem- 
ber Farm Bureau Grange; President Hospital Savings Association, 
Blue-Cross of Chapel Hill; Lieutenant U. S. Navy, 1944-1946. Member 
Advisory Budget Commission and Board of Purchase and Award, 
1955-1958, Chairman, 1959-1960; Chairman North Carolina Tax Study 
Commission, 1958; Legislative Counsel to Governor, 1959; State Sen- 
ator in the General Assembly of 1949-1951, 1955 and 1957. Episco- 
palian; Vestryman, 1943-1944. Married Betty Ledford Sparkes, 1938. 
Two children: Betsy Boyden and Joseph Colin, HI. Address: 
1100 West Nash Street, Wilson, N. C. 

WILLIAM >LARVIN EUJJANK 

(Xintli District — Counties: Duplin, New Hanovei-, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

William Marvin Eubank, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth 
Seiiatorial District, was born in Maysville, N. C, July 23, 1906. 



Biographical Sketches 479 

Son of William Marvin and Henrietta (Bryan) Eubank. Attended 
Washington Collegiate Institute, 1914-1922; University of North 
Carolina, Class of 1926. Distributor of motor fuels and heating 
oils. Member County Board of Education, 1950-19 52; County 
Board of Commissioners, 1952-1954; County Board of Health, 
19 55-1957; Board of Public Welfare since 19 58. Methodist; 
Church Lay Leader; Sunday School Teacher. Married Martha 
Sykes, September 14. 192'9. Children: Mrs. Anna Lea, Mrs. Robert 
O'Connor, Mamie K. Eubank, WMlliam M., Ill and Robert Eubank. 
Address: Hampstead, N. C. 



WILLIAM FKAXK FOllSYTH 

(Thirty-third District — Counties: Cherokee. Clay. Graham, 
Macon and Swain. One Senator.) 

William Frank Forsyth, Democrat, Senator from the Thirty- 
third District, was born in Andrews, N. C, July 21, 1915. Son of 
William Thomas and Xena (Bristol) Forsyth. Attended Andrews 
Public Schools, graduating in 193 2; Mount Pleasant Collegiate 
Institute, 1933-193 4; Emory and Henry College, Emory, Virginia; 
The Executive Program, University of North Carolina; four sum- 
mer sessions North Carolina Bankers Conference, University of 
North Carolina; School of Banking in the Graduate School, Rut- 
gers University. Banker. Executive Vice-President Citizens Bank 
& Trust Company of Murphy, Andrews, Hayesville and Robbins- 
ville. Author of "A Banker Looks at the Forests of North Caro- 
lina." Chairman Group Ten, North Carolina Bankers Associa- 
tion, 1958; Chairman Board of Trustees. Murphy Carnegie Li- 
brary, 1940-1954; Chairman City of Murphy Electrical Power 
System; Past President Murphy Lions Club; former Chairman 
Cherokee County Democratic Executive Committee and Chero- 
kee County Infantile Paralysis Committee; Chairman Cherokee 
County Better School Committee; State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1959. Mason. Methodist; member Board of Trustees 
and Men's Bible Class, First Methodist Church, Murphy, N. C. 
Married Ruth Lail in 193 8. Children: William Frank. Jr., age 14 
and Robert Ashley, age 5. Address: Murphy, N. C. 



fleutiy of Stokes 

Hamilton of Carteret 
Hancock of Granville 



Hollowell (if Wayne 
Hoyle of Lee 
Huniber of Pitt 



Huniijlney of Guilford 
Johnson of Iredell 
Tnrdan of Wake 



Kesler of Kowan 
King of Scotland 

McGeachy of Cumberland 



Midsett of Hyde 
.Moore of Robeson 
Morgan of Cleveland 



Khyne of Gaston 
Roberts of Madison 
Royall of Anson 




mm T^ mm 




Biographical Sketches 481 

JAMES WORTH GENTRY 

(Twciily-thirrt District — Counties: Stokes and Surry. One Sena- 
tor.) 

James Worth Gentry, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-third 
Senatorial District, was born In King, N .C, August 8, 1908. Son of 
I. G. and Mary (Kreeger) Gentry. Attended Draughans Business Col- 
lege, 1929. Fertilizer dealer and farmer. County Commissioner, 1956- 
19 57; Chairman of the local school board for ten years; Chairman 
Finance Committee and member Board of Directors, Stokes- 
Reynolds ]\Iemorial Hospital, 1954-1960; Charter member King 
Lions Club, 1948-1960, President, 1957, and Citizen of the Year, 
1958; President, Stokes County United Fund, 1959; member 
Stokes County Industrial Committee, North West Development 
Association. Methodist; Steward, 195 2-19 60. Married Margueri- 
ette Precilla Slate, June 16, 19:14. Two children. Address: King, 
X. C. 

LUTHER HAMILTON 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Luther Hamilton, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh Sena- 
torial District, was born in Atlantic, N. C, February 20, 1894. 
Son of Samuel E. and Rebecca F. Hamilton. Attended Atlantic 
High School, 1908-1910; Oak Ridge Institute, 1910-1911; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1911-1915. Lawyer. Member Delta Theta 
Phi; Masonic Ocean Lodge No. 40 5; Sudan Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. 
of New Bern. Mayor Morehead City, 1925-1929; County Attorney, 
1921-1937; State Senator in Regular and Special Session of 1921, 
Regular Session of 195 7 and 195 9. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1931 and 1933; Judge Superior Court, 1937-19 51. 
Served in World War I as Second Lieutenant with 3 4th Infantry 
and 21st Machine Gun Battalion, 1917-1919 with overseas duty 
from August 1918 to June 1919. Methodist; Member of Official 
Board since 1917; Teacher of Men's Bible Class since 1917. 
Married Marie Long, July 6, 1918. Children: Luther Hamilton, 
Jr., and Mrs. Laurence H. Vickers of Durham, N. C. Address: 
Morehead City, N. C. 



I 
482 NdiMii CvKoi.i.NA Manual 

I ItANKLlN WILLS HAX( (K K, HI 

(l-'ouiti-ciuh District — Counties: Durham, Giaiiville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 

Krauklin Wills Hancock, HI, Democrat, Senator from the Four- 
teenth Senatorial District, was horn in Oxford, N. C, June 1, 1918. 
Son of Frank. Jr., and Lucy (Landis) Hancock. Attended Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1939; B. S. degree in Commerce, North- 
western University. Real estate dealer and farmer. Member of 
American Legion; Phi Beta Kappa; Beta Gamma Sigma. Captain, 
U. S. Army, February 1942-March 1946. North Carolina National 
Guard, oOth Inf. Div. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1947; State Senator in the General Assembly, Regular Sessions 
of 1951, 1955, 1959 and Extra Session of 1956. Baptist. Married 
Mary Kathryn Foerster, October 16, 1943. One son: Franklin 
Wills Hancock, IV; three daughters: Mary Helen Hancock, Lucy 
Osborn Hancock. Patricia Peyton Hancock. Address: 10 3 West 
Front Street, Oxford, N. C. 

SETH tJEASOX HOJAjOWFAAj 

(Eij;hil! District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors. ) 

Seth Beasou Hollowell, Democrat, Senator from the Eighth 
Senatorial District, was born in Guilford County, N. C, January 
30. 1912. Son of David J. and Eugenia (Hockett) Hollowell. 
Attended Grantham High School. Wholesale oil distributor and 
farmer. Vice-President Forest Hill Rest Home. Member North 
Carolina Oil Jobbers Association; Wayne County Board of Com- 
missioners, 1954-19 60. District Director, State Board of County 
Commissioners, 1957; Legislative Committee of State Association 
of County Commissioners, 19 59; Representative, Boy Scout 
Institutional; President, xNew Hope Parent-Teachers Association 
for two years; member of Wayne County Wildlife Club; helped 
organize Adamsville Fire Department; active in Red Cross work; 
served as President of American Cancer Society and later on 
Board of Directors; Speaker on County Government in County 
Schools; Chairman of Industrial Two-Way Radio Communications 
Association, District 9, serving Maryland, Washington, D. C, 



Biographical Ski;t(hks 483 

Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. Member Civitan 
Club, on Board of Directors; Ruritan Club, Treasurer; Goldsboro 
Masonic Lodge, No. 63 4; Royal Arch Mason; Knights Templar; 
Shriner of Sudan Temple. Methodist; Superintendent of Church 
School, 19 51-19 56; Church Lay Leader; Certified Lay Speaker; 
Chairman of Official Board; )iiember Methodist Men; President 
New Hope Township Sunday School Association. Married Katie 
May Hare, April 12, 1936. Children: Edward Errol Hollowell, 
age 20; Sylvia Jean Hollowell, age 17. Address: 200 S. Seymour 
Johnson Blvd., Goldsboro, N. C. 



JAMES WOMBLE HOYLE 

(Thirteenth Di.strict — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators.) 

James Womble Hoyle, Democrat, Senator from the Thirteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Sanford, N. C. Son of Kenneth 
Raynor and Jewel Goldston (Womble) Hoyle. Attended Sanford 
Public Schools, graduating in 1942; University of North Carolina, 
A.B., 1950; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1950. 
Lawyer. Technical Sergeant, Army of United States, 1943-19 46. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 19 57. Member N. C. Gen. 
Statutes Commission, 19 57-19 59. Methodist; Steward. Married 
Julia Cornelia Alexander, Morganton, N. C, 1952. Address: 
Sanford, N. C. 



ROBERT LEE HUMBER 

(Fifth IMsti'ict^ — County: Pitt. One Senator.) 

Robert Lee Humber, Democrat, Senator from the Fifth Senatorial 
District, was born in Greenville, N. C, May 30, 1898. Son of Robert 
Lee and Lena Clyde (Davis) Humber. Attended Greenville Graded 
Schools, 190 5-13; graduated from Winterville High School, 1914; 
Wake Forest- College, B.A., 1918 and LL.B., 1921; Oxford Uni- 
versity, Rhodes Scholar from North Carolina, B.Litt., 19 23; Har- 
vard University, M.A., 1926; University of Paris; American Field 
Service Fellow, 19 26-28. Honorary degrees. Wake Forest College, 



484 NoKTir Cakoi.ina Makuat. 

LL.D., 1941t, and University of North Carolina, LL.D., 1958. 
Member Phi Beta Kappa, Omicron Delta Kappa, Phi Delta Phi, 
Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternities. Lawyer. Member North Carolina 
State Bar Association. Tutor in the Department of Government, 
History and Economics at Harvard University, 1919-20. Admitted 
to North Carolina Bar, 1920; lawyer and business executive in 
Paris, France 1930-40. Awarded World Government News Medal 
for the most outstanding service by an individual to World Fed- 
eration, 1948, and American War Dads Prize for the greatest 
single contribution to World Peace, 1948. Author of "The Decla- 
ration of the Federation of the World." Founded at Davis Island, 
North Carolina, December, 19 50, the Movement for World Federa- 
tion whose principles and objectives were embodied in a Resolu- 
tion, approving World Federation, that has been passed by sixteen 
State Legislatures of the United States. North Carolina was the 
first state in history to endorse World Federation. Represented 
Southern Council on International Relations at the San Francisco 
Conference, which formulated United Nations Charter. Co-found- 
er of United World Federalists, 19 47; served as its Vice-President, 
1947-49 and member of its National Executive Council, 194 7-49. 
Trustee of Meredith College, 1947-50; Trustee of Wake Forest 
College, 1951-1955, Chairman of its Executive Committee and 
President of its Board of Trustees, 1960; Vice-President of Baptist 
State Convention, 1947; President of the North Carolina Literary 
and Historical Association, 1950; Chairman of the North Carolina 
State Art Commission since 1951; President of the North Carolina 
State Art Society since 1955; President of the Roanoke Island 
Historical Association, 19 55-195 9; member of the Board of Di- 
rectors of the North Carolina State Symphony; member of the 
Tryon Palace Commission. Alternate delegate to the Democratic 
National Convention, 1956; Member of Pitt County Development 
Commission since 1958. Second Lieutenant Field Artillery, World 
War I; member American Legion and Rotary Club. State Sena- 
tor in the General Assembly of 1959. Member Memorial Baptist 
Church; formerly Chairman of its Board of Deacons and now 
Trustee. Married Lucie Berthier, October 16, 1929. Two sons, 
Marcel Berthier and John Leslie. Address: 117 West Fifth Street, 
Greenville, N. C. 



Biographical Skktches 485 

HUBERT BEN HUMPHREY, JR. 

(Seventeenth District — County: Guilford. One Senator.) 

Hubert Ben Humphrey, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Seven- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Charlotte, N. C, October 
1, 1928. Son of H. B., Sr., and Leila M. (Dees) Humphrey. At 
tended Mars Hill College; Wake Forest College, A.B., 1948; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Law School, J.D., 1951. Lawyer; part- 
ner in firm of McLendon, Brim, Holderuess and Brooks. Member 
Goldsboro, North Carolina and American Bar Associations; Chair- 
man, Young Lawyers Section, N. C. Bar Association; Order of the 
Coif; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; Phi Beta Kappa; Omicron 
Delta Kappa. E-ditor-in-chief, North Carolina Law Review, 1950- 
19 51; Law clerk to Judge John J. Parker, United States Court of 
Appeals, 1951. Active duty, U. S. Army, 1951-1953. President, 
Greensboro Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1956-1957; Greensboro 
Young Man of the Year, 19 58; Rotarian. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 195 9. Baptist. Single. Mailing address: P. 
O. Box 5 69; Residence, 1602 Colonial Avenue, Greensboro, N. C. 

JAMES A ERNOR JOHNSON 

(Twenty-fifth District^ — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln. 
Two Senators.) 

James Vernor Johnson, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
fifth Senatorial District, was born in Statesville, N. C, June 14, 
1923. Son of Frank Link and Ruby (Fraley) Johnson. Attended 
Statesville City Schools, 19 29-1940; University of North Carolina, 
B.S. in Commerce, 19 46. Manager Statesville Coca-Cola Bottling 
Co. Member North Carolina Bottlers Ass'n., Executive Board, 
1957-1959. Vice-President, 1960 and President, 1961; Statesville 
Chamber of Commerce, Board of Directors, 1954-1956, 1960, 
2nd Vice-President, 19 56; Chairman 9th Congressional District 
YDC, 19 52-1953. Jaycee Distinguished Service Award Winner in 
1951 (Young Man of Year). Member B. P. O. Elks Leading 
Knight, 1956 and Loyal Knight, 1957; Rotary Club, Past Presi- 
dent; American Legion, Past Commander Post No. 65; Veterans of 
Foreign Wars; Military Order of the Purple Heart. Sergeant in 
Armored Force, U. S. Army, 194 3-1945; awarded Purple Heart; 



486 NoiMH Cakoiinv Mamai, 

German jirisouer of war. November of 1944 until April of 1945. 
Methodist; meinl)er Official Board, 1958-1960; Finance Com- 
mission, 1958-1960; Commission on Missions, 1960. Married 
Mary Geitner Thurston of Taylorsville, N. C, October 16, 1948. 
Two children: Mary Geitner, age 10 and Ann Vernor, age 8. 
Address: 381 Holland Drive, Statesville, N. C. 

JOHN RICHARD JORDAN, JR. 

(Thirteenth District — Counties: Chatham, Lee and Wake. Two 
Senators. ) 

John Richard Jordan, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Thir- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Winton, N. C, January 
16, 1921. Son of John R., Sr., and Ina Love (Mitchell) Jordan. 
Attended Winton Elementary School, 1927-1934; Ahoskie High 
School, 1934-1938; Chowan College, 1938; University of North 
Carolina, 1938-1942, A.B.; N. C. State College, summer 1942; Law 
School, University of North Carolina, 1945-1948, LL.B. Lawyer. 
Member American Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Associ- 
ation; Nortli Carolina State Bar; Wake County Bar Association; 
Cliairman Executive Committee of Wake County Bar Association, 
1955; member American Judicature Society. Awarded Distin- 
guished Service Award as Raleigh's "Young Man of the Year". 
1955; Phi Delta Plii Award for scholarsliip and leadership, 1948; 
named "Tar Heel of tlie Week" in politics and government, 1955. 
Vice-Cliairman, N. C. Reapportionment Commission, 1955-1956; 
State President YDC, 1954-1955; Chairman of 1956 Jefferson- 
Jackson Day Dinner; Delegate to the 1956 Democratic National 
Convention; Cliairman of the Stevenson Campaign Dinner, 1956; 
member Pi Kappa Alpha; Phi Delta Phi; Sphinx Club; Stag 
Club; Elks Club; Executives Club; Torch Club; Lions Club; Board 
of Directors of the Wake County Chapter of the American Red 
Cross; President Wake County Cancer Society, 1959; Wake County 
sponsor for the National Recreation Association; President Wake 
County Historical Society; President N. C. Division American 
Cancer Society, 1960; Chairman Board of Directors, N. C. Divi- 
sion American Cancer Society, 1959; member Board of Trustees 
of Chowan College; member Board of Directors, N. C. State 
College Y.M.C.A. ; Chairman Governor's Inaugural Committee, 



Biographical Sketches 487 

1960. Member Board of Editors "North Carolina Law Review", 
1947-1948; Editor "Why the Democratic Party?", 1955; author 
of numerous newspaper and magazine articles and book reviews 
on politics and government. Member of the Staff of the Attorney 
General of N. C, 1948-1951. State Senator in the General As- 
sembly of 1959. Baptist; Deacon. Married Patricia Exum Weaver, 
June 18, 1949. One son, John Richard Jordan, III, and one daugh- 
ter, Ellen Meares Jordan. Address: 2214 Dixie Trail, Raleigh. 
N. C. 

JOHN C. KEvSLEK 

(Twenty-first District — Counties: Cabarrus and Rowan. Two 
Senators.) 

John C. Kesler, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-first Sena- 
torial District, was born in Rowan County, May 23, 189 9. Son of 
G. C. and Fannie (Iddings) Kesler. Attended Spencer City School; 
A.B., University of North Carolina, 1924; J.D., 1928. Lawyer. 
Member Rowan County Bar Association; North Carolina State 
Bar; North Carolina Bar Association. Prosecuting Attorney 
Rowan County Court, 1937-1948; Judge, 1939-1940. Mason. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of the 1945, 1947 and 
1959. Methodist. Married Sudie Grace West, July 20, 1939. One 
child: Frances Sue Kesler, born May 5, 1946. Address: Salisbury, 
N. C. 

JENNINGS GRAHAM KING 

(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Jennings Graham King, Democrat, Senator from the Eigh- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Durham, N. C, July 11, 
1908. Son of Thomas Wesley and Bessie (Odom) King. Attended 
Laurinburg High School, 1921-1925; Duke University, 1925- 
1929, B.A. degree; Duke University Law School, 1928-1930. 
Lawyer. Member Sixteenth District Bar Association; North 
Carolina State Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar, Incor- 
porated and American Bar Association. President, Thirteenth 
District Bar, 1936-1937; first President of new Sixteenth District 
Bar. Member of State Bar Council, 19 4 9-19 5 2. Laurinburg City 



488 North Carolixa Makual 

Attorney. Member Phi Beta Kappa; Omicron Delta Kappa; Tan 
Kappa Alpha; Sigma Upsilon. Member House of Representatives 
from Scotland County, 1936-1938. Served In U. S. Army, 1942- 
1945. Methodist. Married Vertie Doretha Prince, June 5, 1943. 
Two children: Jennings Graham King, Jr. and Carolyn Elizabeth 
King. Address: Laurinburg, N. C. 

NEUil. HECTOR McGEACHY, JR. 

(Tenth District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus and 
Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Neill Hector McGeachy, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Tenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Fayetteville, N. C, August 8, 
1917. Son of Neill Hector and Kate (McArthur) McGeachy. 
Attended Fayetteville High School, 1930-1934; Davidson Col- 
lege, 1934-1938, B.S. degree; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 193 8-1941, LL.B. Lawyer. Member Cumberland 
County Bar Association; Ninth Judicial Bar Association; North 
Carolina State and American Bar Associations; North Carolina 
State Bar. Past President Fayetteville Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce, 194 7-1948; Past National Chairman U. S. Junior Chamber 
of Commerce, 1948-1949; Past President Cumberland County 
Tuberculosis Association, 1959-1960; President Davidson Col- 
lege Alumni Association of Cape Fear Area, 1960-1961; Chairman 
Cumberland County Democratic Executive Committee, 19 58- 
1960; Vice-Chairman Cumberland County Democratic Executive 
Committee, 19 60-19 61. Member Omicron Delta Kappa National 
Honorary Leadership Fraternity; Kappa Sigma; Kiwanis Club; 
Seventy-first Ruritan Club. Mason, Phoenix Chapter. Captain in 
Infantry, United States Army, 19 41-1945. Presbyterian; Deacon. 
Married Mildred Kelly, October 20, 1951. Address: 101% Hay 
Street. Fayetteville, N. C. 

PELEG DAMEROX MIDGETT, JR. 

(Second Di.strict — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Peleg Dameron Midgett, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the Second 
Senatorial District, was born in Wanchese, N. C, December 7, 



BlOGEAPHICAL SKETCHES 489 

1899. Son of Peleg Dameron and Martha Jane (Tillett) Midgett. 
Attended Wanchese Public School, 190 6-1917; Trinity Park 
School, Durham, N. C, 1917-1918; Duke University, A.B., 1922. 
President, Pamlico Power and Light Co.; member Rotary Club, 
Past District Governor; Executive Board Conference of American 
Small Business Organization, Chicago, 111.; Director East Caro- 
lina Bank; Chairman State Shell Fish Study Commission, 1945- 
1947; Past President Southern Albemarle Association; Director 
Business Development Corp. of N. C; Director Travel Council 
of North Carolina, Inc. Mason. Private U. S. Army, October to 
December of 1918. Methodist; Chairman Board of Trustees 
since 1950; Lay Leader since 1954; District Parsonage Trustee 
since 1954; Chairman Local Building Committee, 1940-1954; 
Teacher Men's Bible Class since 19 40. Married Virginia Riddick 
Brittain, 1932. Children: P. D. Midgett, III, George E. Midgett, 
Martha Jane Midgett and Bernard W. Midgett. Address: Engel- 
hard, N. C. 



DU BRUTZ CUTLAR MOORE 

(Eleventh District — County: Robeson. One Senator.) 

Du Brutz Cutlar Moore, Democrat, Senator from the Eleventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Burgaw, N. C, August 6, 1895. 
Son of John Bailey and Serena Lee (Corbett) Moore. Attended 
Burgaw High School; University of North Carolina, 1913 and 
1914. Real estate dealer. Member North Carolina Association of 
Realtors; N. C. Democratic Executive Committee for six years. 
Secretary, 1934-1936. Chairman of N. C. Alcoholic Control Board, 
1937-1941. Mason. Member Benevolent Protective Order of Elks; 
Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion. Private in U. S. 
Army, 1917-1919, serving in Europe as member of the Wilming- 
ton Light Infantry. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1953, 1955, 1957 and 1959. Presbyterian; member Board of 
Deacons. Married Ruth Robeson Norment, June 28, 1922. 
Children: Du Brutz Cutlar Moore, Jr., Mrs. Mary Moore Werner, 
Mrs. Ruth Norment Morgan. Address: Box 98 5. Lumberton, N. C. 



490 NoiMir Caholina Maj\-ital 

KOIJEKT FOSTER MOKGAX 

^T\v(M^t,v-seA•ellth District — Counties: CleA^eland, McDowell, and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Robert Foster Morgan, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
seventh Senatorial District, was born in Anderson County, South 
Carolina, June 24, 1922. Son of O. Z. and Minnietta (Foster) 
Morgan. Attended Cleveland County Public Schools and Boiling 
Springs High School; Gardner-Webb College, A. A. degree, 1941; 
Yale University, 1943-1944. Part owner of Morgan & Company, 
Inc., Shelby. Member N. C. Seedsmen Association National Cot- 
ton Council; Executive Committee N. C. Seedsmen Association; 
Past President of Cleveland County Ginners Association. Member 
of Rotary Club and Director of Shelby Junior Chamber of Com- 
merce. Member of Shelby Lodge of Masonic Order. Enlisted as 
Private in Air Force, 1942, and discharged as Captain in 1946. 
Member of Inactive Reserve Air Force at present. State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1953, 1955, 1957 and 1959. Member 
Beaver Dam Baptist Church; Deacon; Teacher Young Men's Bible 
Class; Vice-President Brotherhood; Chairman Finance Committee. 
Married Ruth Norment Moore of Lumberton, N. C, 1953. One 
daughter. Address: Shelby. N. C. 



MILES HOFFMAN RHINE 

(Twenty-sixth District — County: Gaston. One Senator.) 

Miles Hoffman Rhyne, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
sixth Senatorial District, was born in Gaston County, N. C, 
February 7, 190 7. Son of Peter S. and Julia (Hoffman) Rhyne. 
Attended Gastonia High School, 1924; Lenoir Rhyne College, 1924- 
1927; Michigan Automotive Engineering School, Detroit, Michigan, 
1928. Banker; Executive Vice-President. First Union National 
Bank of North Carolina. Member Gaston County Merchants Asso- 
ciation; Gastonia Chamber of Commerce; Gastonia Civitan Club; 
awarded Citizenship Cup in Gastonia and Gaston County. 1958; 
instrumental in building new modern YMCA in Gastonia and 
served as its first President. Member Elks; Eagles. Lutheran. 
Married Rubye Dent of Gastonia, N. C, February 2, 1929. Children: 



BlOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES 491 

Mrs. Mason P. Thomas, Jr.. of Raleigh, N. C. and Mrs. Henry S. 
Mullen of Llncolnton. N. C. Address: 1210 Lower Dallas Road, 
Gastonia, N. C. 

CLYDE MORRIS ROBERTS 

(Thirtieth District — Counties: Avery, Madison, Mitchell and 
Yancey. One Senator. ) 

Clyde Morris Roberts, Republican, Senator from the Thirtieth 
Senatorial District, was born in Marshall, N. C, September 25, 
190 9. Son of G. G. and Minnie (Allman) Roberts. Attended 
Marshall High School, 1927; Mars Hill College, 19 27-1929; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 19 2 9-1931, B.A. degree. Lawyer. 
Member Marshall Bar Association. High School Teacher, 1931- 
1936; Special Agent Southern Railway Police Dept., 1936-1938. 
Member American Legion; VFW; Boy Scouts of America, Com- 
mitteeman; North Carolina Cattleman's Association; Marshall 
Volunteer Fire Dept.; Marshall Chamber of Commerce; Chairman 
Madison County Republican Executive Committee. Mayor of 
Marshall, 19 54-1956; Clerk Superior Court, Madison County, 
193 8-1946; Representative in the General Assembly of 1949; 
Madison County Attorney, 1948-1954. Lieutenant in U.S.N.R., 
1943-1946. Member and Past Master, French Broad Masonic 
Lodge, No. 292. Baptist; Deacon. Married Lucille Roberts, May 
13, 1943. Children: Cecelia O., age 13; Margot S., age 11; Clyde 
Morris, Jr., age 9; Frank S., age 7. Address: Box 341, Marshall, 
N. C. 

THOMAS FRANKLIN ROYALL 

(Nineteenth District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Thomas Franklin Royall, Democrat, Senator from the Nine- 
teenth Senatorial District, was born in Yadkin County, N. C, 
January 20, 1894. Son of Thomas Asbury and Sarah Caroline 
(Mackie) Royall. Attended grammar school, 1901-1908 and high 
school, 1910-1914; courses at N. C. State College and Clemson 
College. Registered engineer (retired). Employed by N. C. State 
Highway Commission, 1919-1960; District Engineer, 1931-1960. 



Rutledge of Cabarrus 
Scott (if Alamance 
Sheltoii of Kdfreconilie 



Shuford of Catawba 

Stikeleatber of Buncombe 
Stone of Rockingham 



Sumner of Rutherford 
Thomas of Hoke 
Thomas of Union 



Van Landingham of Davidson 
Warren of Beaufort 
Warren of Sampson 



White of Lenoir 

Wliitley of Jolinston 
Whitmire of Henderson 



Winkler of Watauga 
Winslow of Perquimans 
Byerly — Principal Clerk 




Biographical Sketches 493 

Member N. C. State Highway and Prison Employees Association, 
Vice-President, 1947-1949, President, 1949; Board of Trustees, 
Teachers and State Employees Retirement System, 1947-1959; 
N. C. Society of Engineers. Member Society of Friends. Married 
Louise H. Leneberger, September 9, 1939. Two stepsons. Address: 
510 N. Pine Street, Wadesboro, N. C. 

J. CARLYLE RUTLEDGE 

( IVent y-f irst Di.strict — Counties: Cabarrus and Rowan. Two 
Senators.) 

J. Carlyle Rutledge, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-first 
Senatorial District, was born in Stanley, Gaston County, N. C, 
December 28, 1909. Son of Joseph Graham and Frances Virginia 
(Moore) Rutledge. Graduated from Stanley High School, 19 27; 
Weaver College, 1930; A.B., University of North Carolina, 1932; 
LL.B., 1935. Lawyer. Past President of Cabarrus County Bar 
Association. Membsr North Carolina Bar Association. Co-owner 
of Kannapolis Real Estate Agency. President of Carolina Homes. 
Inc. President of Watkins' Building Materials Co. Former Judge 
of the Cabarrus County Domestic Relations-Juvenile Court. Mem- 
ber Board of Directors Cannon Memorial Young Men's Christian 
Association, Kannapolis, N. C, since 1937; Interstate Committee 
of the Y.M.C.A. of the Carolinas; International Committee of the 
Y.M.C.A. Past District Governor of Rotary International. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1943 and 1945. State Sena- 
tor in the General Assembly of 19 57 and 1959. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Judith Rea Kuykendal, April 23, 1938. Two daughters: 
Martha Rea Rutledge, born April 2, 1941 and Polly Virginia Rut- 
ledge, born July 11, 1949; one son, James Carlyle Rutledge, 
born Nov. 17, 1944. Address: Kannapolis, N. C. 

RALPH H. SCOTT 

(Sixteenth District — Counties: Alamance and Orange. One 

Senator. ) 

Ralph H. Scott, Democrat, Senator from the Sixteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born near Haw River, N. C, December 12, 
1903. Son of Robert Walter and Elizabeth (Hughes) Scott. At- 



494 North Cakolina Manual 

tended Hawfields High School, 1916-1920; North Carolina State 
College, B.S., 19 2'4. President of Melville Dairy, Inc. Member 
Optimist Club; Kiwanis Club, President 1942; Chamber of Com- 
merce, President 1944-1945; Merchants Association; North Caro- 
lina Dairy Products Association, President 1947; North Carolina 
Jersey Breeders Association, President 1939; Raleigh, Durham, 
Burlington Dairy Council, President 1945-1946; Alamance County 
Tuberculosis Association, President 1942, 19 53 and 19 54; North 
Carolina State Grange; North Carolina Farm Bureau. County 
Commissioner, 1944-1950. Mason; Bula Lodge No. 409, A.F. & 
A.M.; Burlington BPO Elks No. 1633; Knights Templar; Royal 
Arch Masons; Oasis Temple. State Senator in the General Assem- 
bly of 1951, 1953 and 19 55. Presbyterian; Chairman Board of 
Deacons, 1938-1950. Married Hazeleene Tate, November 11, 
1925. Children: Miriam Scott Mayo (Mrs. C. W. Mayo, III), 
Ralph Henderson Scott, Jr. and William Clevenger Scott. Address: 
Rt. 1. Haw River, N. C. 

HENRY GRAY SHELTON 

(Fourth District — Counties: Edgecombe and Halifax. Two 
Senators.) 

Henry Gray Shelton, Democrat, Senator from the Fourth Sena- 
torial District, was born near Speed, N. C, November 14, 1906. 
Son of Benjamin F. and Annie Little (Thigpen) Shelton. Attend- 
ed Speed Grammar and High School, 1912-1923; North Carolina 
State College, B.S., 1927. Farmer. President N. C. Cattlemen's 
Association. Member Board of Directors N. C. National Bank 
(Tarboro Branch); Vice-President Farmers Mutual Fire Insur- 
ance Co; member Edgecombe County Board of Health; Board of 
Trustees Edgecombe General Hospital; Speed School Board; State 
Highway Commission during Governor Scott's Administration; 
N. C. Grain Study Commission; Governor's Advisory Committee on 
Agriculture; Tarboro-Edgecombe County Development Corpora- 
tion. Past President Tarboro Kiwanis Club. Shriner; Elk; Mason, 
Concord Lodge No. 58. Member Gamma Sigma Delta and Alpha 
Zeta. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1957 and 1959. 
Episcopalian; Vestryman since 193 7. Married Athlea Boone, 
December 18, 1947. One daughter, Anne Boone Shelton, born 
December 3, 1956. Address: Speed, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 495 

WILLIAM B. SHUFORD 

(Twenty-fifth District — Counties: Catawba, Iredell and Lincoln. 
Two Senators.) 

William B. Shuford, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty-fifth 
Senatorial District, was born in Hickory, N. C, June 20, 1907. 
Son of the late Abel Alexander, Sr., and Maude (Ferguson) Shu- 
ford. Attended Woodberry Forest, 1921-19 26; University of 
North Carolina, 1926-1929, B.S. in Commerce; Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1929-1930, M.S. in Business. Textile manufacturer. Kap- 
pa Sigma, Phi Beta Kappa and Beta Gamma Sigma fraternities. 
Former Trustee of Woodberry Forest School, University of North 
Carolina and Hickory Administrative School Unit. State Senator 
in the General Assemblies of 1953 and 1957. Member of Corinth 
Evangelical and Reformed Church; former Deacon. Married Vir- 
ginia Jones of Charlotte, N. C, October 10, 1931. Four children: 
William B. Shuford, Jr., Frank Jones Shuford, Charles Hunt 
Shuford and Virginia Shuford. Two grandchildren: Charles 
Hunt Shuford, Jr., and Laura Ferguson Shuford. Address: Hick- 
ory, N. C. 

JAMES GUDGEK STIKELEATHER, JR. 

(Thirty-first District — County: Buncombe. One Senator.) 

James Gudger Stikeleather, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the 
Thirty-first Senatorial District, was born in Asheville, N. C, Sep- 
tember S, 1911. Son of James Gudger and Nancy (Weaver) Stike- 
leather. Attended Asheville High School, 1925-1929; University 
of North Carolina, B.S. in Commerce, 193 4. General insurance 
and real estate dealer. President, Carolina Federal Savings & 
Loan Association. Member Asheville Real Estate Board; Asheville 
Insurance Agents Exchange, President, 1949-1950; Sigma Chi 
Fraternity. Entered U. S. Naval Reserve December, 1943; dis- 
charged as Lieutenant (j.g. ), March 1946. Representative from 
Buncombe County in the General Assembly of 1955. State Sena- 
tor, Extra Session of 1956 and Regular Sessions of 1957 and 1959. 
Methodist; Steward. Married Dorothy Kimberly, November 6, 
1937. Children: Jane Stikeleather, age 22; Rebecca Stikeleather, 
age 19; James G. Stikeleather, III, age 15. Address: 221 Kimber- 
ly Avenue, Asheville, N. C. 



496 NouTH Cakoi.ixa Maxuai, 

THOMAS CLAREXCE STONE 

(Fifteenth Senatorial Distriet — Counties: Caswell and Rocking- 
ham. One Senator.) 

Thomas Clarence Stone, Democrat, Senator from the Fifteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Stoneville, N. C, January 19, 
1899. Son of the late Robert Tyler and Mary (Hamlin) Stone. 
Attended Stoneville High School and graduated in 1914. Grad- 
uated from Davidson College in 1919 with B.S. degree. Secre- 
tary and Treasurer of Stoneville Grocery Company (wholesale 
groceries) and operator of own insurance agency. Secretary 
and Ti-easurer of Superior Oil Company. Formerly Town Com- 
missioner and Mayor of Stoneville. Former member N. C. Un- 
employment Compensation Commission. Joined S.A.T.C. at Da- 
vidson College in October, 191S; discharged, 1918. Past Presi- 
dent of the Rockingham County Clubs of Young Democrats and 
has been a member of the Rockingham County Clubs of Young 
Democrats and the Rockingham County Democratic Executive 
Committee. Representative in the General Assembly of 193 5, 
1937, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1945 and 1947. State Senator in the 
(General Assembly of 1955. Former member Advisory Budget 
Commission. Presbyterian; Deacon. Married Jane Kane (now 
deceased) of Gate City, August 25, 19 25. One daughter: Mary 
Frances Stone, (deceased). Address: Stoneville, N. C. 



BEXJAMIX HAMPTOX SUMXER 

(Twenty-.seventh District — Counties: Cleveland, McDowell and 
Rutherford. Two Senators.) 

Benjamin Hampton Sumner, Democrat, Senator from the Twen- 
ty-seventh Senatorial District, was born in Lincolnton, N. C, 
August 11, 1905. Son of Charles McBee and Margaret Stokes (Mc- 
Kenzie) Sumner. Attended Christ School, 1921-1923; Lincolnton 
High School, 1924; University of North Carolina, A.B.. 1928; 
American Institute of Banking, 1930-1936; Graduate School 
of Banking, Rutgers University, 1937. Owner and operator of 
Fox Haven Farm. Assistant Secretary and Assistant Treasurer 
of Spindale Mills, Inc., Spindale, N. C. Member and Past President 



Biographical Sketches 497 

Rutherfordton Kiwanis Club; "Kiwanian of the Year," 1952; 
Spiudale Mills Management Club; awarded trophy by Spindale 
Mills Management Club for "Supervisor of the Year," 1954; 
Spindale Club; Rutherford County Club and Civitan Club. Vice- 
President and member ot the Executive Board of the Piedmont 
Council of Boy Scouts of America; Chairman Rutherford District 
Boy Scouts of America; former member Steering Committee 
of the Rutherford County Rural Development Program; Director 
and member Farm Bureau; Director Asheville Agricultural 
Development Council. State Senator in the General Assem- 
bly of 1957. Episcopalian; member of Vestry Saint Francis 
Episcopal Church; member of the Executive Council of the Diocese 
of Western North Carolina; former Secretary and Treasurer of 
the Laymen's Work of the Diocese of Western North Carolina. 
Former Director of Patterson School in Caldwell County and 
former member of the Board of Thompson Orphanage, Charlotte, 
N. C. Married Lillian F. Carmichael in 1935; second marriage 
to Frances N. Cox, 1945. One son, Benjamin Carmichael Sumner 
and one stepson, Daniel M. House. Address: Fox Haven Farm, 
Rutherfordton, N. C. 



JAME8 I5E\TO\ THOMAS 

(Twelfth District — Counties: Harnett, Hoke, Moore, and Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

James Benton Thomas. Democrat, Senator from the Twelfth 
Senatorial District, was born in Scotland County, N. C, July 4, 
18 92. Son of James Crawford and Rena (Benton) Thomas. Grad- 
uated from Raeford Institute, 1909; University of North Carolina, 
1909-1910; graduated from Kings Business College, 1911. Farmer. 
Sec.-Treas. Hoke Oil & Fertilizer Company for thirty years, now 
Vice-President; Vice-President McLauchlin Company; Sec.-Treas. 
Hoke Cotton Warehouse Company; Sec.-Treas. Colonial Frozen 
Foods, Inc.; Director, Bank of Raeford, Raeford Power & Manu- 
facturing Company, Upchurch Milling Company, and Hoke De- 
velopment Corporation. Director, Raeford Chamber of Commerce. 
Past President, Raeford Kiwanis Club and N. C. Cottonseed 
Crushers Association. Lieut. -Governor Carolinas Kiwanis Clubs, 



498 NoKTii Cahoi.ixa Manual 

1955. Delegate member, National Cotton Council; member County 
Board of Education; Town Alderman; Chairman of Hoke County 
Democratic Executive Committee for twelve years. Mason; Shrin- 
er; Past President Raeford Shrine Club. First Lieutenant, N. 
C. National Guard before World War I; during World War 
II, served for four years as member County Rationing Board; 
Chairman County Salvage Board. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1949, 1953 and 19 57. Methodist; Trustee. Married 
Kate Shaw, June 2 2. 1916. Two daughters: Mrs. Julian McLeod, 
Mrs. Robert E. Foreman. Address: Raeford, N. C. 



JOE MAX THOMAS 

(Xineteeutli District — Counties: Anson, Stanly and Union. Two 
Senators.) 

Joe Max Thomas, Democrat, Senator from the Nineteenth, Sena- 
torial District, was born in Marshville, N. C, July 9, 1915. Son 
of the late John W. and Lillian Maude (Hasty) Thomas. Attended 
Marshville High School, graduating in 1931; Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1932-1934; Wake Forest College Law School. 1934-1937, 
LL.B. Lawyer. Vice-President of R. A. Thomas Gas Company. 
Member Union County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar As- 
sociation; North Carolina State Bar, Inc., American Bar Associa- 
tion. Director Mutual Bank & Trust Co. and North Carolina Tele_ 
phone Co. Judge Union County Recorder's Court, 1948-1952. 
Member Marshville Lions Club, President, 1947-19 48; Floyd 
Staton Post No. 121, American Legion, Commander, 1957; Mason; 
Master Beaver Dam Lodge No. 276, 1953; Shriner. Served in U. S. 
Army with rank of Staff Sergeant, 194 2-1945. State Senator in 
the General Assembly of 19 55 and 1959. Baptist; Deacon; Sunday 
School Teacher for several years. Twice married: first to Myrtle 
Herron Glenn in April of 1940, who died in June of 1946; second 
to Vergie Emma Griffin, July 6, 1947. Children: Kathryn Ann 
Thomas, born February 2, 1946; Rebecca Sue Thomas, born 
October 26, 1949; Kenneth Griffin Thomas, born November 23, 
1951. Address: Marshville, North Carolina. 



Biographical Sketches 499 

KUSSEIJj FAISON VAN LAXDINGHAM 

(Eighteenth District — Counties: Davidson, Montgomery, Rich- 
mond and Scotland. Two Senators.) 

Russell Faison Van Landingham, Democrat, Senator from the 
Eighteenth Senatorial District, was born in Scotland Neck, N. C, 
November 13, 1911. Son of Thomas H. and Alma (Whitehead) 
Van Landingham. Attended Halifax County Schools and graduat- 
ed from Scotland Neck High School, 1930; Wake Forest College; 
Wake Forest College Law School, LL.B. degree, 1936. Lawyer 
and President Thomasville Broadcasting Company. Member Da- 
vidson County Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar; 
North Carolina Bar Association. Served as Registrar, Precinct 
and Township Chairman; former member Thomasville School 
Board; former Thomasville City Attorney; Past President of 
Thomasville Rotary Club. Employed by Federal Bureau of In- 
vestigation, 1940-1947. Methodist; Vice-Chairman of Official 
Board. Married Evelyn Lyles, May 2, 1942. Children: Carol Lyles 
Van Landingham and Thomas Russell Van Landingham. Address: 
Brwin Heights, Thomasville, N. C. Mailing address: Box 867, 
Thomasville, N. C. 



LINDSAY CARTER WARREN 

(Second District — Counties: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, 
Pamlico, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Senators.) 

Lindsay Carter Warren, Democrat, Senator from the Second 
Senatorial District, was born in Washington, N. C, December 16, 
1889. Son of Charles F. and Elizabeth Mutter (Blount) Warren. 
Attended Bingham School of Asheville, N. C, 1903-1906; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1906-1908; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1911-1912. Admitted to the bar in 1912. Chairman 
Beaufort County Democratic Executive Committee, 1912-1925; 
Trustee University of North Carolina, 1921-1925; Chairman 
Democratic State Convention, 1930 and 1934, and temporary 
Chairman and Keynoter, 1938; delegate to Democratic National 
Convention, 193 2 and 1940. State Senator in the General Assem- 
bly of 1917, 1919 and 19 59; President pro tempore of Senate, 



500 North Carolina Manual 

1919; Representative from Beaufort County in the General As- 
sembly of 1923. Member of Congress from the First Congressional 
District for fifteen years, from 19 25 until he resigned on October 
31, 1940, to accept appointment as Comptroller General of the 
United States; served as Comptroller General 131/2 years, retiring 
on May 1, 1954 because of physical disability. Member St. Peters 
Episcopal Church. Address: Washington, N. C. 

STEWART BETHUXE WARREN 

(Ninth Di.strict — Counties: Duplin, New Hanover, Pender and 
Sampson. Two Senators.) 

Stewart Bethune Warren, Democrat, Senator from the Ninth 
Senatorial District, was born in Newton Grove, N. C, March 10, 
1916. Son of John C. and Flora (Grantham) Warren. Attended 
Newton Grove Elementary and High School, 1922'-1933; Campbell 
College, 193 3-193 4; University of North Carolina, 1934-193 7, 
A.B. degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1936-1939, 
LL.B. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; North Caro- 
lina Bar Association and North Carolina State Bar Association; 
Fourth Judicial District Bar Association; Sampson County Bar 
Association. Attorney for Sampson County, 1952-1960; Attorney 
for Sampson County Board of Education, 1950-1960. Chairman 
of Sampson County Democratic Executive Committee, 1946-1960. 
Special Agent CIC and SIC (Staff Sergeant), 1942-19 46. Com- 
mander Daughtry-Butler Post No. 22, American Legion, Clinton, 
N. C, 1949; member Board of Trustees, Fayetteville State Teach- 
ers College. Methodist; member Official Board, 1952-1960. Mar- 
ried Lottie Faye West, June 28, 1947. Children: Betsy Faye 
Warren and George Stewart Warren. Address: 40 7 East Powell 
Street, Clinton, N. C. 

THOMAS JACKSON WHITE 

(Seventh District — Counties: Carteret, Craven, Greene, Jones, 
Lenoir and Onslow. Two Senators.) 

Thomas Jackson White, Democrat, Senator from the Seventh 
Senatorial District, was born in Concord, N. C, March 6, 1903. 



Biographical Sketches 501 

Sou of Thomas Jackson White, Sr., and Mary Isabelle (Gulp) 
White. Attended Cabarrus County Elementary Schools, 1909- 
1914; Kershaw, S. C. County Elementary Schools, 1915-1917; 
Charlotte University School, 1917; Bailey Military Institute, 1918- 
1919; Concord High School. 1919-1920; North Carolina State 
College, 1920-1922; University of North Carolina Law School, 
19 24-1927. Lawyer. Lenoir County Attorney since 19 38. Member 
Lenoir County Bar Association, President, 1952; President 6th 
District Bar Association, 19 54; North Carolina State Bar Associa- 
tion, Inc.; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Associa- 
tion; American Judicature Society; Phi Gamma Delta (Epsilon 
Chapter, U.N.C.); Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity; Fellow, 
American College of Trial Lawyers. Member Wildlife Resources 
Commission, 1947-1949, Chairman, 1948-1949; member Com- 
mission on Legislative Representation; Richard Caswell Memorial 
Commission; Commission for Reorganization of State Govern- 
ment, 19 57-1959; Chairman of North Carolina State Legislative 
Building Commission; member of The Sir Walter Raleigh Com- 
mission; delegate to Legislative Work Conference of Southern 
Regional Education Board, New Orleans, Louisiana, Septem- 
ber, 1956; member of Richard Caswell Masonic Lodge No. 705 
A.F. and A.M.; Sphinx Club; Rams Club, University of North 
Carolina; The Rainbow Gun Club; Camp Bryan Rod and Gun 
Club; Loyal Order of the Moose; Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, Kinston Lodge No. 740. Member of Company E, 120th 
Infantry, N. C. National Guard, 19 21-192*4. Representative from 
Lenoir County in the General Assembly of North Carolina, Regular 
Sessions of 1953, 1955 and 1957 and Extra Session of 195 6. 
Episcopalian. Married Mrs. Virginia Edwards Turley, December 
29, 193 7. Children: Isabelle White (daughter by former marri- 
age) ; Mrs. Sarah Ellen White Archie; Thomas Jackson White, 
III; Mrs. Virginia Turley Moseley (stepdaughter). Address: Box 
603, Kinston, N. C. 

ADAM JACKSON WHITLEY, JK. 

(Eighth District — Counties: Johnston and Wayne. Two Sena- 
tors.) 

Adam Jackson Whitley, Jr., Democrat, Senator from the 
Eighth Senatorial District, was born in Johnston County, N. C, 



502 Noinii Carolina Manual 

April 14, 1894. Son of Adam Jackson and Abigail (Casey) 
Whitley. Attended Smithfield Grammar and High School, 1901- 
1914; N. C. State College, 1915-1917. Farmer. Member Junior 
Order; American Legion, Commander of American Legion Post 
No. 132 of Smithfield, N. C, 1953-1954; Vice-Commander North 
Carolina Department American Legion, 1960; Rotary Club, 
charter member when organized in 19 44. Mason and Shriner. 
Member Democratic Executive Committee, 19 5 3-19 54, Chairman, 
1945-1947; Precinct Committeeman, 1939-1945. Member State 
Democratic Executive Committee since 1953. President. N. C. 
State College Agriculture Foundation, 1956; member Advisory 
Council, School of Agriculture, N. C. State College, 1959-1960; 
Board of Directors, N. C. State College Agriculture Foundation; 
Governor's Youth Service Commission, 19 5 5-1956. Served as a 
Sergeant in World War I, 1917-1918. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1957 and 1959. Baptist; 
Deacon, 19 27-1948; Chairman, Board of Deacons, 19 29-1952; 
Moderator of Johnston Baptist Association, 1936-1954; member 
Religious Liberty Committee Baptist State Convention, 1957- 
1958. Married Florence Elizabeth Lassiter, February 14, 19 2'3. 
Three children: Adam J. Wliitley, III; Dennis Whitley; Leah 
Lassiter Whitley. Address: Rt. I, Smithfield, N. C. 



BOVCE A. AVHITMIRE 

(Thii'ty-second District — Counties: Haywood, Henderson, Jack- 
son, Polk and Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

Boyce A. Whitmire. Democrat, Senator from the Thirty-second 
Senatorial District, was born in Brevard, N. C, October 21, 1905. 
Son of W. P. and Annie (Floyd) Whitmire. Attended Henderson- 
ville High School; University of North Carolina; Wake Forest 
College. Lawyer. Member Henderson County Bar Association; 
North Carolina State Bar Association; Board of Directors, Blue 
Ridge Assembly, Inc.; Interstate Committee, Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association of the Carolinas; Masonic Order; Pi Kappa Phi; 
B.P.O.E., Exalted Ruler, 1943-1944; State President North 
Carolina Elks Association, 1947; National Officer of the Elks, 
1949; founder of the Elks Camp for Boys. President of Y.M.C.A. 
of Hendersonville and Henderson County; President, Hender- 



Biographical Sketches 503 

sonville Lions Club. Representative in tlie General Assembly of 
1959. Member First Baptist Church, Hendersonville, N. C. Mar- 
ried Hazel Patricia Bean, 1929. Children: Boyce A., Jr., William 
Fritz, Guy Patrick, John Floyd, James Truman and Patricia Lu- 
ann. Address: 1531 Kensington Road, Hendersonville, N. C. 

GORDON HENRY WINKLER 

(TAventy-niiith District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe and Wa- 
tauga. One Senator.) 

Gordon Henry Winkler, Democrat, Senator from the Twenty- 
ninth Senatorial District, was born in Boone, N. C, February 14. 
1903. Son of Joseph Shelton and Annie Elizabeth (Horton) 
Winkler. Attended Boone Graded School and Appalachian Train- 
ing School, 1912-1924; Appalachian State Teachers College, 1924- 
19 26; President of Class and of School Societies. Raises register- 
ed Hereford cattle. Director and member of Loan Committee 
of Northwestern Bank of North Wilkesboro, N. C. Mayor of 
Boone, elected iii 1943 and re-elected for eight additional terms. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1941. Mason, member 
Snow Lodge A.F. & A.M., Boone, N. C, Secretary for two years; 
member North Carolina Firemen's Association and Boone Fire 
Department. Served as O.P.A. Chairman during Second World 
War; Cabinet Secretary 31-A District, North Carolina Lions 
Clubs, 1944. Baptist; Sunday School Teacher. Married Iva Dean 
Wilson, June 25, 1935. Two children: Anna Boyce and Barbara 
Dean. Address: 338 Blowing Rock Road, Boone, N. C. 

JULIAN EMMETT WINSIjOAV 

(Fir.st District — Counties: Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, 
Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank and Perquimans. Two Senators.) 

Julian Emmett Winslow, Democrat, Senator from the First 
Senatorial District, was born in Winfall, North Carolina, February 
14, 1897. Son of Charles Cook and Martha (Leigh) Winslow. 
Attended St. Paul Episcopal School and graduated from Per- 
quimans County High School and School of Military Aeronautics, 
University of Texas. Oil jobber and manufacturer of liquid ferti- 
lizers. Member North Carolina Oil Jobbers Association; North 



504 Niiirni Cakoi.i.na JVIantal 

Carolina Hardware Dealer's Association; North Carolina Mer- 
chants Association. Sheriff, Perquimans County, 1932-1946. 
Congressional Committee Member, 19.37-1949. Mason, 32nd de- 
gree; Shriner Sudan Temple; member Order of Daedalians. Com- 
missioner, First Division, State Highway and Public Works Com- 
mission, 1953-1957; member Democratic Executive Committee 
since 1949; delegate to Democratic National Convention at 
Chicago, 1952' and 1956. Second Lieutenant, U. S. Air Corps 
(Pilot), December 1917-October 1919; Second Lieutenant U. S. 
Reserve Army Air Corps, October 1919-October 1924. State Sena- 
tor in the General Assemblies of 1949, 1951 and 1959. Episco- 
palian; member of Vestry. Married. Two children: Mrs. Paul R. 
Baumgartner and Julian Emmett Winslow, Jr. Address: Hertford, 
N. C. 



REPRESENTATIVES 

JOSEPH MARVIN HUNT, JR. 

SPEAKER 

Joseph Marvin Hunt, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Guilford County, was born in Greensboro, N. C, October 19, 
190 6. Son of Joseph M., Sr., and Pattie (Kirkman) Hunt. At- 
tended Riverside Military Academy, graduating in 1924; Duke 
University. General insurance business. Vice-President, Wimbish 
Insurance Agency. Past President of the Greensboro Association 
of Insurance Agents. Member Greensboro Sports Council; Greens- 
boro Chamber of Commerce; Duke University Athletic Council; 
former Mayor Pro Tem, Town of Hamilton Lakes; former member 
Greensboro Special School Board; Kiwanis Club; Ambassadors 
Club; Sedgefield Country Club; A. & T. College Board; Chairman 
Municipal Study Commission. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1953. 1955, 1957 and 1959. Methodist; member 
Board of Stewards, Muir's Chapel Methodist Church, 1948-1950, 
1956-58. Married Grace Boren, October 21, 1933. Children: 
Joseph M. Hunt, III, born July 2, 1939; Etta Elizabeth Hunt, 
born August 18, 1947. Address: 3308 Starmount Drive, Greens- 
boro, N. C. 

IKE FRANKLIN ANDREWS 

Ike Franklin Andrews, Democrat, Representative from Chat- 
ham County, was born in Bonlee, Chatham County, N. C, Septem- 
ber 2, 1925. Son of Archie Franklin and Ina (Dunlap) Andrews. 
Attended Bonlee High School, 1931-19 41; Fork Union Military 
Academy, Fork Union, Va., 1941-1942^; Mars Hill College, 1942- 
1943; University of North Carolina, 1946-1952, B.S. and LL.B. 
degrees. Lawyer. Member North Carolina State Bar; North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; American Bar Association; District Bar 
Association Executive Committee, 1958-1959; N. C. Bar Associa- 
tion Standing Committee on Legislation and Law Reform; N. C. 
Judicial Council, 1959-1961. President Junior Chamber of Com- 

505 



Joseph M. Hunt. Jr. — Speaker 



Andrews of Chatliiini 
Arledge of Polk 
Barhee of Nash 



Helk of Mecklenburg 
Bell of Carteret 
Blue of Moore 



Boger of Cabarrus 
Braswell of Wayne 
Britt of Robeson 



Brooks of Durham 
Byrura of Chowan 

Calder of New Hanover 



Choate of Alleghany 
Coates of Johnston 
Coflfey of Watauga 









■ iT^i^r^ 



o ^^ 







Biographical Sketches 507 

merce; Member Board of Trustees, University of North Carolina; 
Board of Directors, Siler City Cliamber of Commerce; Board of 
Trustees and Executive Committee, Cliatliam Hospital; Executive 
Committee Occoneechee Council, Boy Scouts of America; Chair- 
man Chatham District, Boy Scouts of America; Chatham Coun- 
ty Civil Defense; American Legion Oratorical Contest. Young- 
Man of the Year, Siler City, 195 8. Elected Poet Laureate of 
the Senate, 19 59. Field Artillery Forward Observer, United 
States Army, 1943-1945, Master Sergeant; awarded Bronze Star and 
Purple Heart, European Theatre, World War II. State Senator in 
the General Assembly of 1959. Married Jo Anne Johnson, Septem- 
ber 13, 1947. Two daughters: Alice Cecelia and Nina Patricia. 
Address: Siler City, U. C. 



JAMES THUKSTOX AKLKDGE 

James Thurston Arledge, Democrat, Representative from Polk 
County, was born in Saluda, N. C, July 22, 1921. Son of Hosea 
Levi and Alpha Elizabeth (Tallant) Arledge. Graduated from 
Tryon High School in 1940. Manager of Arledge Hardware Com- 
pany, Tryon, N. C. Member Out Board Motor Board Club of 
America; Polk County Democratic Executive Committee, 19 51- 
1956; past member Tryon Kiwanis Club; Chairman Tryon Demo- 
cratic Precinct Committee; Secretary & Treasurer N. C. YDC 11th 
District, 1952; Vice-President Western District of N. C. YDC, 
1956-1957. Member Jeff L. Nelson Lodge No. 605 A.F. & A.M.; 
charter member of Polk County Junior Chamber of Commerce; 
Polk County Memorial American Legion Post No. 250, Com- 
mander, 1946, 1947, 1950; Commander 33rd District American 
Legion, 1955; Fifth Division Commander of Tlie North Caro- 
lina Department of the American Legion, awarded life mem- 
bership in the American Legion by Polk County Memorial Post 
No. 250, Tryon, N. C, November 11, 1959. Sergeant in U. S. 
Marine Corps, 1943-1956; also served in Marine Corps during 
Korean War, September, 1950 to August, 1951. Representative 
in the General Assembly of 1957 and 19 59. Baptist. Married 
Margaret Cline, March 2 6, 1948. Two sons, David Cline Arledge, 
age 10, and Micheal Robert Arledge, age 7. Address: Vineyard 
Road, Tryon, N. C. 



508 North Carolina Manual 



ALLEN CROMWELL IJARBEE 



Allen Cromwell Barbee, Democrat, Representative from Nash 
County, was born in Spring Hope, N. C, December 18, 1910. Son 
of John Lucian and Debbie Lena (Vester) Barbee. Attended Dur- 
ham High School, 1928-1929; Spring Hope High School, 1930- 
1931; University of North Carolina, Class of 1935. Farmer, hotel 
operator and salesman. Former publi.sher, owner and editor of 
Spring Hope Enterprise. Mason; Shriner; Elk. Member Spring 
Hope Board of Town Commissioners, 1949-1951; Mayor, Spring 
Hope, 1951-1959. Who's Who in the South and Southwest, 1954 
and 1955. Served in World War II, 1942-1946, four years in 
European Theatre; entered as Private, 1942 and discharged as 
Captain, 1946. Methodist; member Official Board, 1946-1960; 
Chairman of Board. 1948 and 1957; Charge Lay Leader, 1957- 
1960; President, Methodist Men, 1959. Married Mabel Barnes 
Dixon, March 7, 1942. Children: Rebecca Barnes Barbee, age 
7 and Allen Cromwell Barbee, II, age 4. Address: Spring Hope, 
N. C. 



IRWIN BELK 

Irwin Belk, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg Coun- 
ty, was born in Charlotte, N. C, April 4, 1922. Son of William 
Henry and Mary Leonora (Irwin) Belk. Attended McCallie School, 
Chattanooga, Tennessee; Davidson College; University of North 
Carolina, graduating 1946; also The Executive Program, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1958-1959. Member Delta Sigma Pi; 
Kappa Alpha Order. Merchant. Director Stonecutter Mills, Spin- 
dale; Pilot Mills, Raleigh; Pilot Realty Co., Raleigh; Union Mills 
Co., Monroe; Park Yarns Mill, Kings Mountain; Highland Park 
Mfg. Co., Charlotte; First Union National Bank of North Carolina, 
Charlotte; Interstate Milling Co., Charlotte; Henry River Mills 
Co., Henry River; Quaker Meadow Mills, Hickory; Blue Ridge 
Insurance Co., Shelby; Boys Clubs of America, Inc., New York 
(Regional Director, Charlotte Area). Member Urban Redevelop- 
ment Commission. Trustee University of North Carolina. Finance 
Committee, Queens College and University of North Carolina. 
Board of Directors, United Community Services; Florence Crit- 
tenton Home; Charlotte Chamber of Commerce; Charlotte Work- 



Biographical Sketches 509 

shop for the Blind. Inc.; The Carolinas' Carrousel (President 
1955); President Charlotte Executive Club, 1960-1961; Charlotte 
Chamber of Commerce; Aviation Committee and Greater Meck- 
lenburg Committee. Director of The Business Foundation of 
North Carolina; President Belk Enterprises, Inc.; Vice-President 
and Director Belk group of stores; Board Chairman Monroe 
Hardware Co., Monroe; Randolph Mills, Franklinville; President 
Monroe Telephone Co., Monroe; Director Fidelity Bankers Life 
Insurance Corporation of Richmond Va. Elected one of the "Ten 
Outstanding Young xMen" in Charlotte for 1954-55-56-57. Ser- 
geant 8th Air Force, World War II. Scottish and York Rite Mason. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 195 9. Member Myers 
Park Presbyterian Church; Board for the Council of Church 
Architecture, Presbyterian Church in the United States; Home 
Mission Committee, Mecklenburg Presbytery; Executive Commit- 
tee of Historical Foundation of the Presbyterian and Reformed 
Churches, Montreat; Co-Chairman Missions-Projects, Men of 
the Church, Myers Park Presbyterian Church. Married Carol 
Grotnes, September 11, 1948. Children: William Irwin, Irene 
Grotnes, Marilyn and Carl G. Address: 400 Eastover Road, 
Charlotte, N. C. 



DANIEL GRAHAM BELL 

Daniel Graham Bell, Democrat, Representative from Carteret 
County, was born in Morehead City, N. C, August 9, 1913. Son 
of Daniel Graham and Madie A. Bell. Attended Morehead City 
High School, 1921-19 3 2. Merchant. Commissioner, Town of 
Morehead City, 1947-1955; Mayor Pro-tem, 1953-1955. Member 
Elks Club; Past President Morehead City Junior Chamber of 
Commerce; Past President Morehead City Chamber of Commerce; 
Commodore Morehead City Sailing Club, 1946-1950. Winner 
of the J. C. Young Man of Year Award, Morehead City 
193 9. Served as Lieutenant in US Coast Guard during World War 
II; Lieutenant Commander, USCGR and Commanding Officer of 
Coast Guard Reserve Unit, Morehead City. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1955, 1957 and 1959. Methodist; Steward, 
1938-1942, 1946-1948. Address: Morehead City, N. C. 



510 NoKTii Cakoi.ina Manual 

HKHHEHT ( LIKTON I5IAE 

Herbert Cliftou Blue, Democrat, Representative from Moore 
County, was born in Hoke County, N. C. (then Cumberland), 
August 28, 1910. Son of John Patrick and Christian (Stewart) 
Blue. Graduated from Vass-Lakeview High School in 1929. 
Publisher "The Sandhill Citizen," Aberdeen, N. C. and "The 
Robbins Record," Robbins, N. C. Director N. C. Press Association; 
President Weekly N. C. Press Association, 1960-1961. Member 
Town of Aberdeen Board of Commissioners, 1945; President 
Moore County YDC, 1941-1946; elected Eighth Congressional 
District YDC Chairman, 1946; Secretary North Carolina Young 
Democratic Clubs, 1947-194 8; President North Carolina Young 
Democratic Executive Clubs, 194 8-1949; Secretary State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1949-1952; member Moore County 
Democratic Executive Committee; charter member Aberdeen Lions 
Club, President of the Club for the 1936-1947 term; Zone Chair- 
man, 1947-1948; Deputy District Governor, 1953-1954. Mason; 
Woodman of the World. President Vass-Lakeview High School 
Alumni Association, 1933-193 5, 1942. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1947, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1957 and 1959. 
Presbyterian; served as Superintendent of Cypress Sunday School, 
1930-1940; Deacon in Cypress Church, 1931-1941; Superintendent 
Bethesda Presbyterian Sunday School, 19 40 to present time; 
Elder Bethesda Presbyterian Church. Married Gala Lee Nunery, 
July 4, 1937. Four children: Patricia Joyce, Herbert Clifton, Jr., 
John Lee and Elizabeth Ann. Address: Aberdeen, N. C. 

JOHN RAY^ BOGER, JR. 

John Ray Boger, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Cabarrus 
County, was born in Concord, N. C, April 2, 1929. Son of John 
Ray and Jessie (Bost) Boger. Attended Concord City Schools; 
graduated from Concord Pligh School, 1946; Duke University, 
B.A., 1950; Duke University School of Law, LL.B., 1952. Lawyer. 
Member Cabarrus County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar 
Association; North Carolina State Bar. President, Cabarrus 
County Young Democratic Club, 1959-1960. Member Kappa Sig- 
ma, social fraternity and Delta Theta Plii, legal fraternity. Vice- 
President, Concord Junior Chamber of Commerce; Chairman 



Biographical Sketches 511 

Cabarrus County Executive Committee of the Boy Scouts of 
America. Autlior "Taxation of Renunciations of Interests in 
Decedents' Estates under the Federal Estate and Gift Taxes", 
Duke Bar Journal, Volume 2, No. 1, December, 1951. Served in 
U. S. Army, 1953-1956; First Lieutenant, Judge Advocate Gen- 
eral's Corps. Methodist; Sunday School Teacher, 195 6-1957; 
Superintendent of Junior Department, 1959-1960. Married Miriam 
Leake Morris, July 18, 1959. One son, John Ray Boger, III, 
born July 24, 1960. Address: 55 Louise Avenue, Concord, N. C. 

ROLAND CLIFTON BRAS\\^LL 

Roland Clifton Braswell, Democrat, Representative from Wayne 
County, was born in that county, January 28, 1926. Son of John 
and Minnie Edna (Sasser) Brasv^rell. Attended Rosewood High 
School, 1932-1943; East Carolina College, B.S., 1949; University 
of North Carolina; University of North Carolina Law School, 
J.D. 1952. Lawyer. Member N. C. Bar Association; Wayne 
County Bar Association; Phi Alpha Delta; Greenville Masonic 
Lodge No. 2^84; Woodman of the World Camp No. 100; Neuse 
Lodge No. 6 Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Noble, 1957- 
1958. Phm 1/c, United States Navy, 1943-1946. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1959. Methodist; Charge Lay Leader 
and Certified Lay Speaker since 1954. Married Katherine Eliza- 
beth Lancaster, June 2 4, 19 56. Address: Route 5, Goldsboro, 
N. C. 

DxWID 3L\X\VELL BRITT 

David Maxwell Britt, Democrat, Representative from Robeson 
County, was born in McDonald, N. C, January 3, 1917. Son of 
Dudley H. and Martha Mae (Hall) Britt. Attended McDonald 
Elementary School, 1922-1929; Lumberton High School. 1929- 
1933; Wake Forest College, 193 3-193 5; Wake Forest College 
Law School, 193 5-1937. Lawyer. Member American, North Caro- 
lina and Robeson County Bar Associations. Solicitor, Fairmont 
Recorder's Court, 1940-194 4; Attorney for Town of Fairmont 
since 1946. Served on State Democratic Executive Committee for 
two terms. Member Board of Trustees Robeson County Memorial 
Hospital, 1954-1958, President, 1958; President, Wake Forest Col- 



512 XoKTii Carolina Maxuat, 

lege AluiiHii Association, 1952-1953; member Phi Kappa Alpha 
National Society Fraternity; Fairmont Rotary Club since 193 8 and 
Governor of District 279, 1951-1952; Chairman, Robeson County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1956-1958; Chairman, Fair- 
mont Board of Education, 1954-1958. Selected "Man of the Year" 
for Robeson County, 1957. Representative in the General Assem- 
bly of 1959. Private, U. S. Army, 1943. Baptist; Deacon; Teacher, 
Men's Bible Class since 1939; member of General Boai'd, Baptist 
State Convention of N. C. Married Louise Teague of Fairmont, 
N. C, July 16, 1941. Children: Nancy, Martha Neill, Mary Louise 
and David, Jr. Address: Fairmont, N. C. 



EUGENE CLYDE BROOKS, III 

Eugene Clyde Brooks, III, Democrat, Representative from 
Durham County, was born in Durham, N. C, April 6, 1930. Son 
of Eugene Clyde, Jr. and Mary Ruth (White) Brooks. Attended 
Morehead Elementary School, 193 6-194 2; Junior High, 194 2- 
1945; Durham High School, 19 45-1948; Duke University, 19 5 2, 
B.A. degree; Duke University Law School, 1954-1957, LL.B. 
Lawyer. Member Durham County Bar Association; North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; North Carolina Jaycees; Kiwanis Club of 
Tobaccoland; Elks Club; Kappa Alpha Order; Delta Theta Phi 
Law Fraternity, President, 1956-1957. Captain, United States 
Marine Corps, active duty, 1952-1954. Methodist; President of 
Methodist's Men's Club. Married Alice Sutton Matheson, February 
14, 1953. Children: Eugene Clyde Brooks, IV, and Allison Kath- 
ryn Brooks. Address: 1012 Lakewood Avenue, Durham, N. C. 



ALBERT GASKINS BYRUM 

Albert Gaskins Byrum, Democrat, Representative from Chowan 
County, was born in Edenton, N. C, December 19, 1902. Son of 
Octavious Coke and Sarah Ida (Basnight) Byrum. Attended 
Edenton High School; N. C. State College, B.S. degree, 1925. 
Farmer. Member Edenton Town Council. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1957 and 1959. Baptist; Trustee. Married 
Clara Ruth Pruden, June 12, 19 2*9. Children: Betty Byrum Ward 
and Albert Gaskins Byrum, Jr. Address: Edenton, N. C. 



Biographical Sketches 513 

ROBERT EDWARD CALDER 

Robert Edward Calder, Democrat, Representative from New 
Hanover County, was born in Wilmington, N. C, September 6. 
1922. Son of Robert Edward and Sue Brent (Prince) Calder. 
Attended New Hanover High School, 1936-1939; Virginia Episco- 
pal School, 1940; University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee, 
graduating in 1943, B.A. degree; University of North Carolina 
Law School, graduating in 1949, LL.B. Lawyer. :Member New 
Hanover County Bar Association, Secretary-Treasurer, 1952-1960; 
North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association. Mem- 
ber New Hanover County Democratic Executive Committee; 
Precinct Chairman; formerly Secretary-Treasurer New Hanover 
County Young Democrats Club; member Minimum Housing 
Board of City of Wilmington; Past Commander of Wilmington 
Post No. 10, American Legion. Served in U. S. Navy, 1943-1946, 
being released as Lieutenant (j.g.); served in Underwater Demo- 
lition Team No. 8. Member St. John's Episcopal Church; Clerk 
of Vestry. Married Elizabeth M. Carlton, July 26, 1946. Children: 
Marian C, age 13; Robert E., Jr., age 10; William P., age 7; J. 
Keith, age 6. Address: 304 N. 15th Street, Wilmington. N. C. 

A. VANCE CHOATE 

A. Vanoe Choate, Democrat, Representative from Alleghany 
County, was born in Sparta, N. C, November 24, 1894. Son 
of S. A. and Laura Ann (Edwards) Choate. Attended Sparta 
Elementary School; Galax High School, Galax, Va.; Appalachian, 
Boone, N. C. Retired U. S. Government worker; farmer. Member 
Chamber of Commerce. Served in U. S. Navy, World War I, Sea- 
man 2nd Class, 1917-1918. Married Rebecca Osborne. 19 21. Two 
children. Address: Sparta, N. C. 

ROY COIiUlVffiUS COATES 

Roy Columbus Coates, Democrat, Representative from Johnston 
County, was born in Johnston County, July 4, 1918. Son of 
Joseph B. and Lula (Smith) Coates. Attended Wilsons Mills 
Elementary School, 19 24-1931; Smithfield High School, 1932- 
1936; North Carolina State College, 1937-1939. House moving 
contractor. Member Carolina Roadbuilders Association. Member 



Cohoon of Tynoll 
Cook of Macon 

Courtney of CaUlwoll 



Crawford nf Bimconibe 
Davis of Lenoir 
Davis of Rowan 



Delamar of Pamlico 
Dolley of Gaston 

Druniinond of Fursytli 



Eagles of Edjiecombe 
Efird of Gaston 
Everett of Pitt 



Fearing of Hare 
Felmet of Haywcjod 
Ferrell (if Pasciuutank 



Fletcher of Alexander 
Frlnk of Brunswick 

Galifianakis of Durliani 




Biographical Sketches 515 

4-H Club during school days; 4-H State Champion Seed Judging 
Team. 1935; State President of 4-H Clubs, 1935. Entered Mili- 
tary service in 1940 with rank of Private; received pilot training 
as Aviation Cadet and commissioned Second Lieutenant upon 
graduation; received subsequent promotions up to Major in U. S. 
Army Air Force and released from active duty December 6, 19 46. 
Mason; member Smithfield Lions Club. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1953, 1955, 1957, 1959; Vice-Chair man. 
Conservation and Development Committee, 1955; Chairman, Com- 
mittee on University Trustees, 1957. Baptist; Deacon; Assistant 
Director of Baptist Training Union, 1951-1952. Married Lacy 
Ruth Powell, December 24, 194 2. Two daughters, Kaye Ruth 
and Lulane Powell and one son, Roy Columbus Coates, II. Ad- 
dress: Route 3, Smithfield, N. C. 

MURHAY HARRIS COFFEY 

Murray Harris Coffey, Republican, Representative from Wa- 
tauga County, was born in Hudson, N. C, May 9, 1915. Son of 
Blaine and Hailey (Harris) Coffey. Attended Blowing Rock 
Elementary and High School. Minister and stone mason. Ordain- 
ed in 19 52. Deacon and Trustee for fifteen years of Blue Ridge 
Advent Christian Church, Blowing Rock, N. C.; at present. Pastor 
Blessed Hope Advent Christian Church, Lenoir, N. C. Married 
Ruby Evelyn Dula, November 19, 1938. Children; Imogene, Vern 
and Terry Lee. Address: Rt. 1, Box 161, Blowing Rock, N. C. 

WILIilAM CHARLES COHOON 

William Charles Cohoon, Democrat, Representative from Tyrrell 
County, was born in Elizabeth City, N. C, March 31, 1917. Son 
of Andrew Jackson and Lillian Deliva (Calhoun) Cohoon. At- 
tended Columbia High School, graduating in 1934; Oak Ridge 
Military Institute, 1934-1936; Duke University, 1936-1938. Job- 
ber of petroleum products. Flying A oil and gasoline distributor 
for Tidewater Oil Co. Member N. C. Oil Jobbers Association. 
Member Tyrrell County Board of Commissioners, 1946-1950 and 
Tyrrell County Board of Education, 1950-1958. Member Masonic 
Lodge Providence 678; Shrine Sudan Temple; Rotary Club. 
Seaman 1st Class United States Coast Guard, 1943-1944; received 
medical discharge. Representative in the General Assembly of 



516 NoKiii CAitoi.i.vA Manual 

1959. Episcopalian; Senior Warden, 1953-1958. Married Cecilia 
Woods, September 7, 1940. Children: Patricia Ann, William 
Charles and Andrea Leigh. Address: Columbia, N. C. 

KLIXOK C. TOOK 

Elinor C. Cook, Republican, Representative from Macon County, 
was born in Highlands, N. C. Daughter of William B. and Ida 
Estelle (Bailey) Cleaveland. Attended Highlands Public School; Cul- 
olwhee Normal and Industrial School, now Western Carolina Col- 
lege. Real estate rentals. Taught school for eight years; worked 
in National Bank & Trust Co., Bridgeport, Conn.; Postmaster at 
Highlands, N. C, 19 23-19 3 5. Member Order of Eastern Star, As- 
sistant Chaplain, 1949-1950; Warder, 1958. Baptist; Sunday 
School Teacher; President Woman's Missionary Society; Supt. 
Macon County Woman's Missionary Society, 1947-1954; Group 
Captain in Training Union. Married Henry D. West (now deceas- 
ed), Oct. 27, 1935; married Rev. W. N. Cook (now deceased), 
Dec. 2'5, 1948. Twelve step-children. Address: P. O. Box 235, 
Fi-anklin, N. C. 

DANNY M. COURTNEY, SK. 

Danny M. Courtney, Sr., Democrat, Representative from Cald- 
well County, was born in Lenoir, N. C, March 22, 1917. Son of 
Henry M. and Jennie (Roderick) Courtney. Attended Hartland 
Elementary School, 19 23-19 30; Hudson High School, 1931-1933; 
Collettsvllle High School, 1934. Completed several courses 
offered by American Institute of Banking. Employed by Belk's 
Department Store from 1935-1939. Employed by Bank of Lenoir 
October, 1939 and served as Cashier from 1950 and as Assistant 
Vice-President of First Union National Bank of N. C. from De- 
cember 1958 to May 19 59. Now employed as Assistant Secretary 
and Treasurer of Hudson Cotton Manufacturing Company and 
serving on the Board of Directors of the First Union National 
Bank of North Carolina in Lenoir. Member Chamber of Com- 
merce; Director Northwest North Carolina Development Associa- 
tion; former Director National Association of Bank Auditors and 
Comptrollers, W. N. C. Chapter; former member of Robert Morris 
Associates; County Key Banker from 1956-195 9; member of 



Biographical Sketches 517 

Caldwell County Board of Commissioners, 1952-1958; former 
Director and Treasurer of Lenoir Rotary Club and President, 
1959-1960; Director and former Chairman of the Community 
Chest Fund Drive in Caldwell County; Director and Treasurer of 
Caldwell County Chapter of American Red Cross since 1946. 
Served in United States Army, 194 5-1946; discharged as Techni- 
cal Sergeant First Class. Representative from Caldwell County 
in the General Assembly of 19 59. Methodist; Superintendent of 
Church School, 1952-1954; Charge Lay Leader, 1954-1956; Form- 
er Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Littlejohn Methodist 
Church and Chairman of the Official Board since 19 5 6. Married 
Doris Harward, March 31, 1941. Children: Danny M. Courtney, 
Jr., age 19; Henry H. Courtney, age 16; Grover R. Courtney, 
age 13. Address: Route No. 6, Box 306, Lenoir, N. C. 

IRV^IN COOPER CRAWFORD 

Irvin Cooper Crawford, Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Bryson City, N. C, September 1, 1905. 
Son of Gordon Lee and Mary Jane (Cooper) Crawford. Attended 
Cullowhee High School, 1919-19 22; Duke University; Wake For- 
est College. Lawyer. Member Swain County Board of Education, 
1933-1934; Mayor Bryson City, 193 5-1936; Chairman Swain 
County Democratic Executive Committee, 193 2-1940. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly of 1957 and 1959. Member Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks; Royal Order of Moose. Methodist; 
Steward, 1953-1956. Married Evelyn Gregory, August 20, 1935. 
One son, Stephen G. Crawford. Address: 10 Hampshire Circle, 
Asheville, N. C. 

JAMES CURTIS DAVIS 

James Curtis Davis, Democrat, Representative from Rowan 
County, was born in China Grove, N. C, July 30, 1929. Son of 
Robert Jackson and Loueva Mae (Phillips) Davis. Attended 
Rowan County Schools, China Grove, N. C, graduating in 1947; 
Catawba College, Salisbury, N. C, A.B. degree, 1957; Wake Forest 
College Law School, LL.B., 1959. Lawyer. Member Rowan Coun- 
ty Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; Masonic 
Lodge; Woodman of the World; Lions Club. Former Teacher 



518 North Cabolixa Maxual 

and Principal Dukeville Elementary SchooL Rowan County: 
taught Business Law and Labor Economics, Pfeiffer College. 
Baptist; Deacon; Sunday School Teacher. Married Annie Mae 
Masinger. Address: 216 Park Street, China Grove, X. C. 

RACHEL DARDEN DAVIS. Ill 

Kathryn Rachel Sarah Rebecca Speight Darden Davis, III. Dem- 
ocrat, Representative from Lenoir County, was bom in Lenoir 
County, September 24. 190 5. Daughter of Herbert W. and Har- 
riette R. (Isler) Davis. Attended James Sprunt Institute. 1917- 
1921; Mt. Olive High School, 1922; Salem College. B.S.. 1926; 
University of North Carolina. 1927-192S; Columbia University 
M.S., 1928; Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania. M.D.. 
193 2. Physician and farmer. Member American College of Ob. & 
Gyn. ; Lenoir County, State and American Medical Societies. Presi- 
dent Lenoir County Medical Society for two terms; President 
Second District Medical Society, 1957; Vice-President Kinston 
Business and Professional Women's Club, 1946-1954; Secretary 
N. C. Division American Cancer Society: appointed by Governor 
Broughton as a member of N. C. Commission of Correction and 
Detention; Chairman Board of Dobbs Farms, 1948-1950; Lenoir 
County Welfare Board, 1946-1950; City of Kinston Recreation 
Board, 1946-1950. Member Zeta Phi; United Daughters of Con- 
federacy; Daughters of American Revolution; Daughter of Ameri- 
can Colonist; N. C. Society of Descendants of the Palatines. Au- 
thor of "Life is Normal" and "Premarital Education." Single. 
Adopted daughter, Harriette Elizabeth Davis. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1959. Baptist; Deacon; former Sunday 
School Teacher. Address: 111 East Gordon Street. Kinston, N. C. 

NED EVERETT DELAMAR 

Ned Everett Delamar. Democrat, Representative from Pamlico 
County, was born in Oriental, N. C, July 10. 1920. Son of Ned 
E. and Ina Pearl (Johnson) Delamar. Attended Oriental High 
School, graduating in 1937; Chicago Conservatory of Music. 
1938-1939; Smith-Deal Massey Business College. Richmond. Va.. 
1946-1947. Retail merchant. City Commissioner. 1949-1950. 
Member Mount Vernon Masonic Lodge No. 359 of Oriental; 



BioGaK-iJHiCAr Sextches slS" 

V.F.W.: ATC f^r-,. r.' 1^-^:-.. Volunteer frreman: Assistant Cub- 
msLSter; former Seontmaster. Serred in TJ. S. Army. 1940-1S45, as 
Infantry Platoon Sergeant and First Sergeant in combat: reeerred 
direct eommission : now a -. --" :":"-- in TT. S. Army 

Re&erre; Viee-President Nc::_ _^ ___;■._. Plains Cliapter 

Reserve Officers Association of tJie United States. Recipient of 
Combat Infantrymans Badge, Bronze Star Medal. Good Condnet 
Medal. World War n Victory Medal. Croix de Gnerre, Distrag- 
uisiied Unit Badge. American Defense Service Medal. American 
Theatre Service Ribbon and European- A friean Middle Eastern 
Serriee Ribbon. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1&5T. Extra Session 1956. and Regular Session of 19" ' 

Coimnittee on Military Affairs and Vice-Cnairinan C__: ::i: __ 

Coiniiiereial Plsneries and Oyster Industry. Metnodist; Sunday 
Sciiool Teacber for past fourteen years. Married Ubby Marie 
"': : iard. April 27. 194€- CMldren: Xed, Jr., Dennis and Mary. 
-T.-liress: Orienial. X C 

STEPHEN BLAND DOIXEY. JR. 

Si^epben Bland Dolley, Jr., Democrat, Represent atire from 
Gaston Coaaty, was bom in Gastonia on ?fovember 1(8, 192S- Son 
of Colonel S. B. Dolley and Eimiee P. Dolley. Attended ^- -■ 

County Public Schools: gradnated from Gastonia High ^ 

1947: Unirersity of North Carolina, A.B.. 1950: University of 
Xorth Carolina Law SchooL T.T...B., 1955. Lawyira-. Member Gaston 
: -miy Bar Asso: X. C. Bar Association: N. C. State Bar: 

^-^7-erie.an Bar A^-. ..^._-,n: Sigma Phi Epsilon and Delta Theta 
Phi fratemiiies: Past Commander. Post No. 2*, American Legion: 
Voitnre Locale No. 1416, La Soeiete Des 4<5 Hommes et S Cheranx: 
Fraternal Order of Eagles: Gastonia A- M. O:' - Clnb; Gaston 
':'--:iity Young Democrats Club. Enlisted in ._-.:. States Army 
?.-^^rve. 195i:t-5€: active duty, 1951. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1959. Methodist- Married Julia B. Page. August 
25. 1954. Two daughters. Gladys Frances Dolley and Jnlia Page 
Dolley. Address: l4il Soxith Belvedere Street. Gastonia X C 

DAXTEL LEE DRU^EVIOXD 

Daniel Lee Drammond. Democrat, Representatrre from Forsyth 
Couuity, ^@s bom in Indian Territory, April 13. 19© 7. Son of 



520 Noinii Cakolixa Maxual 

G. A. and Nevida (Mullens) Drummond. Attended Dallas Grade 
Schools, 1916-19 21; Dallas High School, 1921-1925; Texas A & M 
College; N. C. State College, extension courses. Public Account- 
ant. Member N. C. Society of Accountants, President, 1955; Na- 
tional Society of Public Accountants, member of President's 
Council, 1955. Editor N. C. Society of Accountants Bulletin, 
1957. Member Forsyth County Board of Education, 1946-1953, 
Chairman three times; member and Director N. C. Association of 
School Boards, 1946-1952; President 5th District Association 
School Board Members, 1950; member 12 months Use School 
Building Study Commission, 1959-1960; Delegate White House 
Conference on Aging, 1961; N. C. Delegate to National School 
Board Convention, 1951; Travelers Protective Assn. and United 
Commercial Travelers of America; Winston-Salem Chamber of 
Commerce. Representative in the General Assembly of 19 59. 
Member Centenary Methodist Church; Sunday School Teacher, 
1952-1958; Board of Stewards, 1942-1947; Board of Education, 
1957-1959; Board of Temperance of Western N. C. Conference, 
1951-1961. Married Frances Teasley Mullins, February 10, 1934. 
Children: Diane, Dan, David, Dwight, Douglas and Don. Address: 
3 225 Buena Vista Road, Yv^inston-Salem, N. C. 

JOSEPH ELLIOTT EAGLES 

Joseph Elliott Eagles, Democrat, Representative from Edge- 
combe County, was born in Crisp, N. C, January 6, 1910. Son 
of Benjamin F., Sr. and Susan R. (Pitt) Eagles. Attended Wilson 
High School, 1924-1928; Augusta Military Academy. Fort De- 
fiance, Virginia, 1928-1929; Duke University, 1929-1930. Mer- 
chant and farmer. Member Crisp Ruritan Club; Tarboro Rotary 
Club since 1937; Farm Bureau. President Tarboro Rotary Club, 
1940-1941. Awarded Silver Compass, East Carolina Council, Boy 
Scouts of America, 1953, Silver Beaver, 195 2 and Order of the 
Arrow, 1951. Member National Council-Junior Order United 
American Mechanics; Edgecombe County Draft Board; Board 
of Trustees Edgecombe Memorial Library; Board of Trustees 
Chowan College; Board of Trustees Baptist Home for the Aged 
at Hamilton, N. C; Executive Board of East Carolina Coun- 
cil, Boy Scouts of America and President of East Carolina Council, 
195 6-19 58; South Edgecombe School Committee for eighteen 



Biographical Sketches 521 

years; Executive Board of Region 6 of Boy Scouts of America; 
Speaker's Bureau of the Governor's Traffic Safety Council; Board 
of Directors Edgecombe Bank & Trust Co., Tarboro, N. C; Board 
of Directors Merchants & Farmers Bank, Macclesfield, N. C. ; 
Board of Directors Edgecombe Mutual Fire Insurance Association; 
Board of Directors Halifax County Mutual Fire Insurance Co. 
Member Eagles Baptist (Missionary) Church since 1936; Board 
of Deacons, 1942-1960 and Chairman, 1955-1960; Chairman 
Board of Trustees, 1954-1960; Superintendent Sunday School, 
1955-1960; Former Auditor and now Vice-Moderator South 
Roanoke Baptist Association. Married Mary Scott McLean of 
Mount Olive, N. C, January 1, 193 5. Children: Joseph E. Eagles, 
Jr., student at N. C. State College, and Jacquiline Scott Eagles, 
student at Meredith College. Address: Crisp Rural Station, Mac- 
clesfield, N. C. 

HOYLE TIMOTHY EPIRD 

Hoyle Timothy Efird, Democrat, Representative from Gaston 
County, was born in Stanly County, N. C, July 11, 1906. Son of 
Henry P. and Sallie (Braswell) Efird. Attended the public 
schools of Stanly County; Elon College, B.S. in Business Admin- 
istration. 1929; Institute of Government, University of North 
Carolina, 1948. President of Gastonia United Oil Co., Inc., whole- 
sale oil jobber. Member Distributors Council, American Oil 
Company and Board of Directors of N. C. Oil Jobbers Association. 
Sheriff of Gaston County, 1944-1954. Past President of Gaston 
County Young Democrat Club and N. C. Sheriffs' Association. 
Member Masonic Order; Shriner. Oasis Temple; Elks Club; Eagles 
Club: Gaston County Country Club. Member National Guard. 
Headquarters Company, Albemarle, N. C, 1921-1923. Presby- 
terian. Married Dora M. Ham, January, 1931. One son, Tom 
David Efird. Address: 1215 Oakwood Avenue, Gastonia, N. C. 

CLIFTON AVHITE EVERETT 

Clifton White Everett, Democrat, Representative from Pitt 
County, was born in Robersonville, N. C, September 12', 1917. 
Son of R. S. and Ruby (Brown) Everett. Attended Robersonville 
High School, 1934; Wake Forest College, A.B. degree, 1938; 



522 NoKTii Cahoi.ixa Maxual 

Wake Forest College Law School, LL.B., 1940. Lawyer. Member 
Pitt County Bar Association, President, 1953; North Carolina 
Bar Association; American Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar; Omicron Delta Kappa Fraternity; Gamma Eta Gamma 
Legal Fraternity. Mason, Master Bethel Lodge 589, AF & AM, 
1946; Moose. Mayor, Bethel, N. C, 1957-1960. Vice-Chairman 
Pitt County Democratic Executive Committee, 19 48-19 60. Meth- 
odist; Teacher Men's Bible Class; Chairman Official Board, 19 5.3- 
1957; member Board of Lay Activities, North Carolina Conference 
Methodist Church, 1948-1956. Married Marjorie Louise White- 
hurst, December 18, 19 40. Children: Clifton White, Jr., age 18; 
Janet, age 14; Amy Louise, age 5. Address: Bethel, N. C. 

MALCOLM KEITH FEARING, JR. 

Malcolm Keith Fearing, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Dare County, was born in Manteo, N. C, February 6, 1923. Son 
of Malcolm Keith, Sr. and Grizelle Dean (Midgett) Fearing. 
Graduated from the University of North Carolina, B.S. degree 
in Pharmacy. 19 44. Pharamacist, realtor and insurance agent. 
Member N. C. Pharmaceutical Association; N. C. Association of 
Insurance Agents; Board of Health of Dare and Currituck Coun- 
ties since 19 50; IManteo Lions Club, Past President; Manteo 
Lodge, Sudan Temple; Dare County Shrine Club; Director Roa- 
noke Island Historical Association. Pharmacist's Mate Second 
Class U. S. Navy, 194 4-1946. Methodist; Secretary-Treasurer 
Men's Bible Class. Married Mary Elizabeth Simpson, February 8. 
1948. Children: Betty Dean, age 8, and Malcoln Keith, III, age 
5. Address: Manteo, N. C. 

JACK FEIiMET 

Jack Felmet, Democrat, Representative from Haywood County, 
was born in Waynesville, N. C, March 23, 1911. Son of David 
Buel and Hattie Pearl (Frances) Felmet. Attended Waynesville 
Township High School. 1923-1927; Mars Hill College, 1927-1929. 
Parmer; employee Champion Paper & Fibre Company for 29 
years. Precinct Chairman, 1948. Member Champion Mill Council 
for nine years, Chairman, one year; President Champion Junior 
Old-Timers Club, 1955; President Champion Old-Timers Club. 



BuxiiiAi'Hic'Ai. Skktchks 523 

1960; Waynesville Lions Club, President, 1947; Waynesville 
Masonic Lodge, No. 259, Master, 1951, Trustee, 1954-19 60. 
Baptist. Married Marietta Way Welch, July 29, 1933. One son. 
Jack W. Felmet, and one daughter, Betty Felmet Morrow. 
Address: Rt. 3, Waynesville, N. C. 

CALEB DIVEIiS FKKHELL 

Caleb Divers Ferrell, Democrat, Representative from Pasquo- 
tank County, was born in Camden County, N. C, September 4. 
1895. Son of William Caleb and Mary John (Divers) Ferrell. 
Attended Elizabeth City High School, 1901-1908. Locomotive 
engineer for Norfolk Southern Railway. Member Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Firemen and Engineers; American Legion; Veterans 
of Foreign Wars; Military Order of Cooties; Elizabeth City Sports 
Club. Served in U. S. Navy (Water Tender), 1915-1917; U. S. 
Army, Private 1st Class, Bat. E. 316 F.A., 1917-1919. Baptist. 
Married Daisey Belle Weston, November 3, 1915. Children: Dais- 
ey Belle, Helen, Evelyn, Caleb D., Jr., Major I. and Juanita. 
Address: 40 7 W. Broad Street, Elizabeth City, N. C. 

TRESSli: I IK!U E Fi.ET( HER 

Tressie Pierce Fletcher, Republican, Representative from Alex- 
ander County, was born in Alexander County, September 5, 
1893. Daughter of Sarah Rector Pierce. Attended Elementary 
and High School, Hiddenite, N. C, 1900-1911; Chicago Cor- 
respondence School of Shorthand and Tullos Typing, 1910; 
University of South Carolina, LL.B. degree, 1921. Lawyer. 
Secretary-Treasurer of Junior and Senior Law School Class 
of 1918-1919, 19 20-19 21. Member of N. C. State Bar Associa- 
tions; 2 2nd Judicial District Bar Association; Executive Com- 
mittee 22nd Judicial District Bar Association, 1959; State Re- 
publican Executive Committee, 1934-1936, 1956-1958; State 
President N. C. Federation of Republican Women, 1952-1954; 
District Vice-Chairman, Ninth Congressional District; served as 
Secretary, Local Bar Association for ten years; Appeal Agent to 
the Local Draft Board, 19 50-19 5 5. Author of "The Witches Spell", 
a one-act prize play at Little Theatre in Columbia, S. C. Baptist; 
Sunday School Teacher. Address: Taylorsville, N. C. 



524 NoKTU Cai!()i.ina Ma.nuai- 

SAMUEL li. FKINK 

Samuel B. Frink, Democrat, Representative from Brunswick 
County, was born at Shallotte, N. C, October 2, 18 99. Son of 
D. S. and Martha Gore Frink. Attended Brunswick County 
Schools; Motte Business College, Wilmington. Lawyer. Studied 
law for four years under Professor Lockhart at Duke University 
as a special student and in law office, and licensed January 26, 
1931. Clerk Superior Court Brunswick County, 1930-1934. Ser- 
ved in U. S. Navy during World War I, enlisting May 1, 1917. 
Commissioned Lt. (j.g.) United States Coast Guard during AVorld 
War II. Reported for active duty May 28, 1942, and served con- 
tinuously until September 3, 1945. Discharged as Lt. Senior 
Grade. Active in American Legion. 40 & 8, and Reserve Officers 
Association. State Senator in the General Assembly of 193 5, 1939, 
19 51 and 1959. County Attorney for Brunswick County, 1936- 
1942, 1952-1958. Member State Ports Authority from July, 1945 
until January, 19 49. Episcopalian; member of Vestry. Married 
Marguerite Weathers Brown, November 9, 1950. Two children by 
former marriage: Malcoln S. Frink and Mrs. Marion Frink 
Adams. Address: Southport, N. C. 

NICK (iALIFIAXAKlS 

Nick Galifianakis, Democrat, Representative from Durham 
County, was born in Durham, N. C, July 22, 1928. Son of Mike 
and Sophia (Kastrinakis) Galifianakis. Attended Fuller School, 
193 5-1941; Carr Junior High School. 1941-1944; Durham High 
School, 1944-1947; Duke University, 1951, A.B. degree; Duke 
University Law School, 19 53, LL.B. Lawyer; Instructor in Busi- 
ness Law, Duke University. Member North Carolina State Bar; 
Durham County Bar; 14th Judicial District Bar: Junior Chamber 
of Commerce; American Association of University Professors; 
American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association. Active 
duty United States Marine Corps Reserve, October, 1953 to April, 
1956; at present Captain and Commanding Officer of 41st Rifle 
Co., USMCR, Durham, N. C. Member St. Barbara's Church (Greek 
Orthodox), Durham, N. C; President Youth Group, 1957-19 59; 
member Board of Trustees, 19 59. Address: 30 8 Mallard Ave.. 
Durham, N. C; Mailing Address: N. C. National Bank Bldg., 
Durham, N. C. 



BiOGKAPHic.vjL Sketches 525 

CYRUS ROBY GARNER, SH. 

Cyrus Roby Garner, Sr., Republican, Representative from Ran- 
dolpli County, was born at Jackson Creek, N. C, December 15, 
1906. Son of William Roby and Asenath (Spencer) Garner. At- 
tended Farmer High School, 1921-1925; Teachers Training 
School, Asheboro, N. C, 1926. Merchant. Member Kiwanis Club; 
Modern of the World; United Travelers of America. Helped 
promote work in Red Cross, American Legion Ball Club, United 
Fund, school building programs and athletic programs for schools. 
Methodist; Supt. Sunday School, 1952-1956; member Official 
Board; Boy Scout Institutional Representative; Chairman Com- 
mission on Education. Married Ora Mae Wright, December 26, 
1937. One son, Cyrus Roby, Jr. and one daughter, Mrs. W. R. 
Tyler. Address: 509 E. Salisbury Street, Asheboro, N. C. 



* FLEETUS I.EE (iOBBLE 

Fleetus Lee Gobble, Democrat, Representative from 
Forsyth County, was born in Davidson County, N. C, 
January 1, 18 91. Son of John H. and Frances (Foster) 
Gobble. Attended Davidson County Public Schools, 1897- 
1910. Entered Atlanta Barber College, January 2, 1911 
and completed course. Barber. Barber and beauty school 
operator. Member Associated Master Barbers of America. 
President State Association Master Barbers, 193 4-193 5. 
Member Educational and Legislative Committee since 1935. 
Member Wilson Democratic Club; Chamber of Commerce. 
Member House of Representatives, 1941, 1943, 194 5, 
1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1957 and 1959. Methodist; 
Treasurer, 1926-1928; President Men's Bible Class, 1925- 
1926; Board of Stewards, 1925-1932. Married Blanche 
Evans. Three children: Juanita, Dr. Fleetus L., Jr., 
and James F, Address: 1710 West Clemmonsville Road, 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 

*Died March 1, 1961. 



(iariuT of IJaiuliiliili 
(Jolible of Foi-sytli 
(iofluiii of Ontcs 



(irecu of Bladen 

Greenwood of Buiicoinli^ 
Grepory of Halifax 



Gregoiy of llaiuett 
Griggs of rurritucK 
Hardiiif; of Yadliiii 



Hartly of Greene 
Hargett of Jones 
Harris of Wal<e 



Harriss of Uouaii 
Hawfield of Union 

Henley of CuniliiTlanil 



Hiclis of Meeklenburt; 
Higli of Cinnherlaiid 
Hill of Catauha 








BiOGKAPiiicAi. Skktohes 527 

I'HILir riTTMAN GODWIN 

Philip Pittuian Godwin, Democrat, Representative from Gates 
County, was born in Gatesville, N. C. Son of Adolphus Pilston 
and Mabel Claire (Hayes) Godwin. Attended Gatesville High 
School, 1942; Fishburn Military School, 1943; Wake Forest Col- 
lege, 1953, B.S. degree; Wake Forest Law School, LL.B. degree, 
19 56. Lawyer. Member First District Bar Association; North 
Carolina State Bar and North Carolina Bar Association. President, 
YDC, Wake Forest College, 1955. S/Sgt., U. S. 5th Air Force, 
1943-1945; served in Pacific Theatre. Member Gatesville Lodge 
No. 126 A.F. and A.M. Baptist. Married Anita Thomas Freeman, 
June 10, 1950. One son, Philip Pittman Godwin, Jr., age 8. 
Address: Gatesville, N. C. 

JAMES (OLLIXS GKEKX 

James Collins Green, Democrat, Representative from Bladen 
County, was born in Halifax County, Virginia, Feb. 24, 1921. 
Son of John Collins and Frances Sue (Oliver) Green. Attended 
Volens High School, Nathalie, Va., graduating in 1936; Wash- 
ington and Lee University. Farmer and tobacco warehouse opera- 
tor. Member Bladen County Board of Education since 1955; 
Bladen County Democratic Executive Committee; Precinct Chair- 
man or Vice-Chairman for ten years; Past President Clarkton, 
Rotary Club; Director Clarkton Community Development Corp. 
and Clarkton Merchants Association. Member French Lodge No. 
270 A.F. & A.M.; Thirty-second Degree Scottish Rite Mason; 
Clarkton Woodmen of the World Camp. Served as Corporal in 
U. S. Marine Corps, 1944-1946; participated in invasion of Two 
Jima as a machine gunner with Third Marine Division. Presby- 
terian; Deacon for ten years; Superintendent of Sunday School, 
1959. Married Alice McAulay Clark, October 7, 1943. Children: 
Sarah Frances, age 10; Susan Clark, age 8; James Collins, Jr., 
age 4. Address: Box 305, Clarkton, N. C. 

(iOI'.DON HK KS GliEEWVOOl) 

Gordon Hicks Greenwood, Democrat, Representative from 
Buncombe County, was born in Black Mountain, N. C, July 3, 
1909. Son of James Hicks and Louella (Ray) Greenwood. At- 



528 NouTii Carolina Manual 

tended Barnardsville High School, 1924-1928; N. C. State College, 
1928; Biltmore College, 1929-1930; University of Illinois, 1939- 
1941, B.S. in Journalism; University of London, England, 1945. 
Owner and publisher of Black Mountain News; President Moun- 
tain View Broadcasting Co. (Radio Station WBMT, Black Moun- 
tain). Assistant Professor of Journalism, Boston University, 
1951-195 2; on Faculty of Montreat College, 1952-1958. Manager 
of New England Press Association, 1951-1952. One of organizers 
of Asheville Agricultural Development Council. Member Kappa 
Tau Alpha; Gamma Theta Phi; Lions Club; Black ^lountain 
Lodge 6 63 A.F. & A.M.; Asheville Yorkrite Bodies; Board of 
Directors of North Carolina Sanitorium System; Psychologist 
U. S. Army in Europe, 1943-1945. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1959. Methodist. Married Garnet Elizabeth Carder, 
March 8, 1941. Two sons: George Gordon, 13; Ricky Eugene, II. 
Address: Black Mountain, N. C. 

CARSON GREGORY 

Carson Gregory, Democrat, Representative from Harnett Coun- 
ty, was born in that county, August 11, 1911. Son of Alex and 
Carra (Parrish) Gregory. Attended Campbell College one year. 
Farmer; dairyman; dealer in dairy cattle; breeder Registered 
Spotted Poland China Swine; owner of Red Bird Cab Company; 
partner with Nassie Dorman in real estate business. Member 
Board of Directors N. C. Spotted Poland China Breeders' Associa- 
tion; Vice-President Harnett County Artificial Breeders' Associa- 
tion; member of the Agricultural Foundation Inc. of N. C. State 
College; Coats Agricultural Planning Committee; Harnett County 
Agricultural Planning Committee; former Local AAA Com- 
mittee of Harnett County for several years; made honorary mem- 
ber of the Future Farmers of America of the Coats Chapter in 
195 6. Former Chairman and Vice-Chairman of Harnett County 
Farm Bureau; President of Harnett County Farm Bureau in 1956 
for fourth term; former member of Harnett County Kellogg 
Committee; Commissioner of Harnett County, December 1948 
to December 1950; Chairman of Coats P. T. A., 1956; District 
Finance Chairman for the Boy Scouts Drive of Harnett County 
District of Occoneechee Council; Chairman Harnett County Fi- 
nance Committee for the Boy Scouts, 1956. Member W. O. W.; 



Biographical Sketches 529 

Erwin Lodge, J. O. U. A. M. Coats Lodge No. 417; Board of Trus- 
tees and Financial Secretary; Vice Council ISth District J. O. 
U. A. M. 195 6; appointed State Deputy Councilor of North Caro- 
lina Junior Order United American Mechanics, November 27, 
1956. Mason, Angier Lodge No. 68 6, A.F. & A.M.; 3 2nd Degree 
Scottish Rite Mason; Sudan Temple; Vice-President, Dunn Shrine 
Club, 1960-1961; Coats Fellowship Club. Representative from 
Harnett County in General Assembly of 1951, 1953, 1955, 1957 
and 1959. Baptist; President, W. E. Nichols Sunday School Class, 
1960-1961; member Board of Deacons, 1960-1963; member 
Brotherhood of First Baptist Church, Coats. Married Blanche 
Williams, November 4, 1939. Three children: Carson Gregory, 
Jr., Joe Gregory and Frances Gregory. Address: Rt. 2, Angier, 
N. C. 

THORXE GREGORY 

Thorne Gregory, Democrat, Representative from Halifax Coun- 
ty, was born in Halifax, N. C, December 25, 1928. Son of Fletcher 
H. Gregory and Boyd Thorne Gregory. Attended Halifax County 
Schools, 1935-1943; Fishbourne Military School, 1943-1947; 
University of North Carolina, A.B. Banker; Assistant Vice-Presi- 
dent, Bank of Halifax. First Lieutenant, U.S.A.F., 1952-1956; 
Fighter Pilot Instructor. Member Kiwanis Club. Episcopalian. 
Married Hester Lockett Gregory, Feb. 23, 1957. Two children, 
Hester Elizabeth Gregory and Boyd Wynne Gregory. Address: 
Scotland Neck, N. C. 

AV ALTON SIDNEY GRIGGS 

Walton Sidney Griggs, Democrat, Representative from Curri- 
tuck County, was born in Point Harbor, N. C, September 19, 1905. 
Son of Albert Sidney and Minnie Pauline (Newbern) Griggs. At- 
tended Dr. W. T. Griggs High School, Poplar Branch, N. C. 
Owner and operator of the Point Harbor Grill. Member Currituck 
County Board of Education, 1953-1955. Mason, Currituck Lodge 
No. 463; Shriner, Sudan Temple; Knights Templar, Griggs Com- 
mandery No. 14. Representative in the General Assembly of 19 57. 
Member Powells Point Christian Church, Harbinger, N. C. 
Married Ruth Lee Midgett, May 19, 1939. Two children: Marjorie 
Elizabeth and Molly Louise. Address: Point Harbor,. N. C. 



530 NoKTii Caiioi.ina Manual 

FHAXKMN DANIKIj HOONK HAH1)IN<J 

Frankliu Daniel Boone Harding, Republican, Representative 
from Yadkin County, was born in Yadkinville, N. C, June 29, 
1904. Son of Dr. Thomas Renny and Effie Morrison (Kelly) 
Harding. Attended Yadkinville High School, graduating in 1920; 
University of North Carolina, 1920-1925, A.B. degree; University 
Law School, 1927-19 29. Lawyer. Member of North Carolina 
State Bar; American Bar Association. Mayor Town of Yadkin- 
ville, 1931-1937, 1947-1948, 1959-1961. Delegate to Republican 
National Convention, 1944. County Attorney for Yadkin County, 
1944-1948, 1954-1956. Member Yadkin Masonic Lodge No. 162 
A.F. & A.M., Past Master. Representative in the General Assem- 
bly of 1949. Trustee Lula Conrad Hoots Memorial Hospital, 
1949-1960. Trustee Yadkinville Methodist Church. Married Laura 
M. Bowman, 1931. One daughter, Mrs. Frances Harding Cas- 
stevens; five grandchildren. Address: Yadkinville. N. C. 

HEllBEUT WALLACE HARDY 

Herbert Wallace Hardy, Democrat, Representative from Greene 
County, was born in Chatham County, .July 2 4, 1919. Son of 
Herbert Seth and Mattie (Stevenson) Hardy. Attended Sanford 
Elementary Schools, 1925-1931 ; Sanford High School, 193 2-193 6; 
University of North Carolina, 193 7-19 41. Farmer. President of 
Class of 1941 at University; also permanent President of Class 
of 1941. Member Board of Directors University of N. C. Alum- 
ni Association; Board of Trustees Consolidated University of 
North Carolina; Commission on Interstate Cooperation; Greene 
County Democratic Executive Committee; Elks Club; Raleigh 
Sphinx Club; VFW; American Legion. Served in World War II 
as Staff Sergeant, 1942-1945; Master Sergeant, 1949-1 95 2'. 
Korean War. Representative in the General Assembly of 19 5 7 
and 1959. Methodist; Trustee; Steward; Sunday School Teacher. 
Married Wilma C. Fry, February, 194 6. Children: Herbert 
Stevenson Hardy, John Carlton Hardy and Barbara Lynn Hardy. 
Address: Maury, N. C. 

JOHN McIvEXZlE HAKGETT 

John McKenzie Hargett, Democrat, Representative from Jones 
County, was born in Jacksopviile, N. C, July 15. 1899. Son of 



BiouKAPHicAL Sketches 531 

John Sandliu and Olivia (Steed) Hargett. Graduated from Tren- 
ton High School in 1917; University of North Carolina, 1917- 
1921, A.B. degree; also various summer schools. Farmer and 
service station owner. Served as high school teacher and prin- 
cipal for twenty-two years. Several times Vice-Chairman of Jones 
County P.M. A. Committee and former member F.H.A. Committee. 
Past member Blue Lodge Mason of Trenton and Royal Arch (7 
degrees) of New Bern. Member Clen Newton Smith Post of 
American Legion Number 154, Trenton, N. C; Trenton Rotary 
Club; Trenton Cotillion Club; County Chairman of Red Cross 
for 195 5. Veteran World War I; served in LT. S. Army from Octo- 
ber 1, 1918 to December 11, 1918 while a student at University of 
North Carolina. Representative in the General Assembly of 1953, 
1955, 1957 and 1959. Methodist. Married Linda Zona Thigpen, 
September 11, 1942. Address: Route 2, Trenton, N. C. 

WILLIAM CLINTON HARRIS, JR. 

William Clinton Harris, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Wake County, was born in Raleigh, N. C, January 1, 1913. Son 
of William Clinton and Juliet Sutton (Crews) Harris. Attended 
Hugh Morson High School, Raleigh, N. C, 1929; Virginia Episco- 
pal School, 1929-30; University of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 
1934; University of North Carolina Law School, 1934-36. Lawyer. 
Member State Bar; North Carolina Bar Association; American 
Bar Association; Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity. Member Board 
of Trustees of University of North Carolina. 19 55-19 59. United 
States Navy, 19 42-194 6, Lieutenant Commander. Representa- 
tive in the General Assembly of 1957 and 1959. Episcopalian. 
Married Jean Roslyn Erskine, July 25, 194 5. Children: W. C. 
Harris, III. Malcoln E. Harris and Sarah F. Harris. Address: 
2815 Lakeview Drive, Raleigh, N. C. 

CLYDE HAMPTON HAKKISS, SR. 

Clyde Hampton Harriss, Sr., Democrat, Representative from 
Rowan County, was born in Laurinburg, N. C, December 2, 1902. 
Son of T. W. and Cornelia (Baldwin) Harriss. Graduated from 
Laurinburg High School, 1919; Georgia Military Academy, 1921. 
Engaged in automobile finance business, general insurance, 



532 NoKTir Carolina Manual 

farming", building and lumber supply, ice, fuel and petroleum 
products. President Crescent Investment Company; Atlantic Ac- 
ceptance Corporation; Savings Supply Company; Director Securi- 
ty Fire and Indemnity Company; member N. C. Automobile 
Dealers Association, former Director; American Finance Con- 
ference, Director; N. C. Association of Automobile Finance Com- 
panies, Past President and Director; Salisbury Sales Executives 
Club, Past President; Past President of Red Cross Chapter; 
County War Bond Chairman during World War II; Lions Club, 
Past President; Elks Club; The Sphinx Club; Salisbury Country 
Club; Blowing Rock Country Club; President Salisbury-Rowan 
Chamber of Commerce; Y.M.C.A.; Mason; Knights of Pythias. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1955, 1957 and 1959. 
Lutheran. Married Mildred Godfrey, December 10, 19 27. Three 
children, two sons and one daughter. Address: Milford Drive, 
Milford Hills, Salisbury, N. C. 

SAMUEL GLENN HAAVFIELD 

Samuel Glenn Hawfield, Democrat, Representative from Union 
County, was born in that county, April 21, 18 91. Son of William 
Dallas and Julia Drusilla (Houston) Hawfield. Attended Wesley 
Chapel High School, 1907-1911; Trinity College (now Duke Uni- 
versity), A.B., 1915; University of North Carolina, Masters de- 
gree in Education, 19 26. Retired educator. Principal Wesley 
Chapel High School, 1948-1956; Principal of Union County High 
Schools, 1915-1919; Superintendent Monroe City Schools, 1919- 
1924; Principal Leaksville Elementary Schools, 1924-1927; Super- 
intendent Cabarrus County Rural Schools, 19 27-193 9; Superin- 
tendent Jackson Training School, 1942-1948. Author of "History 
of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School." 
Member North Carolina Education Association; President South 
Piedmont District N. C. E. A., 1935; President North Carolina 
Education Association, 1940-1941; President Union County His- 
torical Association since 19 57; State Grange; Master Union Coun- 
ty Pomona Grange, 195 6-19 57; Executive Committee Boy Scouts 
of America Central North Carolina Council and Holder of Silver 
Beaver Award; Chairman Union County Heart Fund Organiza- 
tion, 1958 and 1959; Monroe Civitan Club, President, 1958-1959. 
Member Masonic Organization, including Monroe Lodge No. 244, 



BiOGRAPHicAx Sketches 533 

Solomon of Silver Trowel Council No. 24, Monroe Chapter No. 6 4 
and Malta Commandery No. 19; Eminent Commandery of Cannon 
Connnandery, Concord, N. C, 19 45. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1959. Member Central Methodist Church of Monroe; 
Board of Stewards; Chairman Commission on Evangelism; Teach- 
er Men's Bible Class; Sunday School Superintendent of Central 
Methodist Church of Concord, 1931-1939. Married Kate Clark 
of Union County. April 27, 1916. Children: S. Glenn Hawfield, 
Jr., Wm. Dallas Hawfield and Dr. Harold Houston Hawfiel-d. 
Address: 60 4 West Franklin St., Monroe, N. C. 

JOHN TANNERY HENLEY 

John Tannery Henley, Democrat, Representative from Cumber- 
land County, was born In Wadesboro, N. C, August 10, 1921. Son 
of Frank C. and Melissa (Hamilton) Henley. Attended Mt. 
Vernon Goodwin Elementary School, 19 29-193 5; Cary High 
School, 193 5-1939; University of North Carolina, B.S. in Phar- 
macy, 1943. Pharmacist, owner of Clinic Pharmacy in Hope 
Mills, N. C. Member North Carolina Pharmaceutical Association; 
National Association of Retail Druggists; Mayor, Town of Hope 
Mills, 1946-1952 and member of Town Commission, 1952-19 56. 
Member Kappa Psi Pharmacy Fraternity and Masonic Order. 
Staff Sergeant in U. S. Army from November 1943 to December 
1945; served in Europe with Ninth Division. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1957 and 19 59. Methodist; Steward for 
ten years and Superintendent of Sunday School for six years. 
Married Rebecca Ann Beddingfield, July 28, 19 43. Children: 
three sons, ages 9, 11, 13. Address: Box 608, Hope Mills, N. C. 

ERNEST LEE HICKS 

Ernest Lee Hicks, Democrat, Representative from Mecklenburg 
County, was born in Ionia, Michigan, September 15, 1892. Son of 
John Thomas and Gazella (Clark) Hicks. Attended Ionia High 
School, Ionia, Michigan; Olivet College, Olivet, Michigan; Univer- 
sity of Michigan; Pre-Medical, University of Michigan. Automo- 
bile dealer until December 22, 1954; President, Pettit Motor Com- 
pany of Charlotte, N. C. Former member N. C. Automobile Dealers 
Association; National Automobile Dealers Association; Charlotte 



534 NoiMii Cai;;)i,i.\a Manual 

Automobile Dealers Association, Past President and Director; 
Member Legislative Committee Charlotte Merchants Association; 
Director Charlotte Chamber of Commerce; member of Legislative 
Committee of N. C. Automobile Dealers Association, 1950; Na- 
tional Ford Dealer Council, 1952. Member Joppa Lodge, No. 530- 
AF and AM, Past Master, 1930-1931; Carolina Consistory; Char- 
lotte Oasis Temple; Charlotte Executives Club; Charlotte City 
Club: IMyers Park Country Club; Charlotte Rotary Club, Presi- 
dent, 1951-1952 and member Board of Directors, 1949. Former 
Director Community Chest Board. Ensign, United States Naval 
Reserve Force, with active duty from October, 1917 to July 1919. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1953, 1957 and 19 59. 
Member Covenant Presbyterian Church; Deacon since 1927. 
Married Susan Garth Bible, May 3, 19 20. Children: John Darwin 
Hicks; Marilee Clark Hicks (now Mrs. John N. McLaughlin); 
Suzanne Jones Hicks (now Mrs. James P. Rickards). Address: 
500 Clement Avenue, Charlotte, N. C. 

LKAVIS SXEEI) HIGH 

Lewis Sneed High, Democrat, Representative from Cumberland 
County, was born in Durham. N. C, August 13, 1915. Son of 
Sidney Raymond and Effie May (Newton) High. Attended Duke 
University; University of North Carolina; U. S. Military Academy; 
University of North Carolina Law School, 1939-41, LL.B. Lawyer. 
Member Cumberland County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar 
Association; American Bar Association; Chairman Cumberland 
County Board of Elections. Member Knights of Pythias; Rotary 
International; Director, Fayetteville Rotary Club, 1957-1958. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1959. Methodist. 
Married Antoinette G. Alakely, February 21, 194 2. Children: 
Sidney High, 17; Gregory High, 14; and Barbara High 3. Ad- 
dress: 1406 Summit Ave., Fayetteville, N. C. 

JAMES HENRY HILL, JR. 

James Henry Hill, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Catawba 
County, was born in Hickory, N. C, April 8, 1922. Son of James 
Henry and Sadie Bryan (Salvo) Hill. Attended Hickory High 
School, 1935-1936, 1938-1940; Capitol Page Boys' School, Wash- 



BKMiHAPHiCAi, Skktciiks 535 

iugtou, U. C, 1937; The Citadel, 1940-1942; Newberry College, 
1944; Northwestern University, 1944; Lenoir Rhyne College, 
1942-1944, 1958-1959, A.B. Operator, Hill's Barbecue and News- 
stand. Partner in Hill and Johnson Realty Co. and Claremont 
Chair Co. ; member North Carolina Restaurant Association, Direc- 
tor, 1950-1954. Page Boy to Rep. A. L. Bulwinkle, 1937 U. S. 
Congress; Organizer, YDC in 10th Congressional District, 1946; 
Chairman, 10th Congressional District, YDC, 1947; President, 
Catawba County YDC, 1948-1949; Vice-Chairman, Catawba Coun- 
ty Democratic Party, 19 50; Delegate, National Democratic Conven- 
tion, 19 52; Junior Chamber of Commerce (President, 1948-1949, 
State Director, 1949-1950); Lake Hickory Country Club; Lenoir 
Rhyne College Building Fund Committee; Hickory Toastmasters 
Club (Sergeant-at-Arms, 1956-1957); P.T.A. Pharmacist Mate 
2nd Class, U. S. Navy, 1943-1946. Member Gamma Beta Chi Fra- 
ternity; Elks Club; Moose Club; Veterans of Foreign Wars; 
American Legion (Vice Commander, 1947, and Head of Executive 
Committee, 1947-1948); 40 & 8 Honor Society (Chaplain, 1950- 
1951). Representative in the General Assembly of 1959. Presby- 
terian; member Presbyterian Men's Club; President, Usher's 
Guild, 1957-1958. Married Mavis Ailean Peace of High Point, 
August 28, 1943. One daughter, Mavis Helena, age 16. Address: 
850 Fourth Street Drive, N.W., Hickory, N. C. 

STEDMAN HOLT HINES 

Stedman Holt Hines, Democrat, Representative from Guilford 
County, was born in McLeansville, N. C. Son of Oscar Wesley and 
Georgia (Holt) Hines. Attended McLeansville High School, 19 27- 
1930; Elon College, A.B., 1934; University of North Carolina Law 
School, 1934-1936, 1946; Vanderbilt University, LL.B., 1940. 
Lawyer. Member Greensboro Bar Association; North Carolina 
State Bar; 18th District Bar; NACCA. Member Woodmen of 
World, Consul Commander; American Legion, Commander, Post 
No. 368. Mason. Member Precinct Committee and Executive 
Committee of Guilford County YDC. Served in U. S. Navy, 1942'- 
1946; Lieutenant (retired), USNR. Episcopalian; former Church 
School Superintendent; Lay Reader. Married Marguerite Erie 
Dollins, January 16, 1940. Children: Edgar Thurman Hines, H, 



Hlnes of Guilford 
Holconihe of Yancey 
Isaac of Avery 



Jackson of Hertford 
Johnson of Duplin 
Jones of Ashe 



Jordan of Buncombe 
Kemp of Guilford 

Kennedy of Mecklenbur! 



Kerr of Warren 
Kiser of Scotland 
Lane of Perquimans 



Leatherman of Lincoln 
Leatherwood of Swain 
Jjloyd of Graham 



Lupton of Hyde 
>Iartin of Davie 
McFadyen of Hoke 




^t^mM 




BiouKApiiicAr, Skktiuks 537 

and Millicent Melton Hines. Address: 503 Jefferson Standard 
Building, Greensboro, N. C. 

HAKLON HOLCOIVIBE 

Harlon Holcombe, Democrat, Representative from Yancey 
County, was born in Mars Hill, N. C, February 1, 1917. Son of 
Fred H. and Kimmie (Davis) Holcombe. Attended Mars Hill High 
School, graduating in 19 34; Gupton-Jones School of Embalming, 
graduating in 193 5. Funeral director and embalmer; partner, 
Holcombe Brothers Funeral Home of Burnsville, N. C. Member 
N. C. Funeral Directors & Embalmers Ass'n.; Burnsville Mens 
Club; Burnsville Town Council, 1948-1952. Served in World War 
H from April, 1942* to December, 1943 as Corporal, Medical De- 
partment. Member Bald Creek Masonic Lodge No. 397, Master, 
1953; Bald Creek Chapter No. 56 Royal Arch Masons, High 
Priest, 1952; Bald Creek Chapter No. 27 6 O.E.S., Worthy Patron, 
1955. Representative in the General Assembly of 1957 and 1959. 
Presbyterian; Elder since 1954. Married Alma Robinson, April, 
1947. Children: Jean Annette Holcombe, 12 and Patti Lynn Hol- 
combe, 5. Address: Burnsville, N. C. 

MACK STEWART ISAAC 

Mack Stewart Isaac, Republican, Representative from Avery 
County, was born in Newland, N. C, May 28, 19 21. Son of Ben- 
jamin H. and Loretta (Banner) Isaac. Attended Newland High 
School, Class of 1939; Lees-McRae College. Farmer. Technical 
Sergeant, 101st Airborne Division, 1943-1945. Member American 
Legion. Representative in the General Assembly of 1959. Presby- 
terian; Deacon, 1941-58. Single. Address: Newland, N. C. 

ROGER RAY JACKSON, JR. 

Roger Ray Jackson, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Hert- 
ford County, was born in Louisburg, N. C, March 20, 1928. Son 
of Roger Ray and Kathleen (Murphy) Jackson. Attended public 
schools in Jackson, Harrellsville and High Point, 193 4-1945; 
Wake Forest College, A.B., 1951. While at Wake Forest was 
President of Little Theatre for one year, a member of Alpha Psi 
Omega, Presidents Club, Philomothesian Literary Society, and 



538 NdiMii ('\i;(ii.i\A Mam A I. 

aimmiuccr loi- Radio Station WFDD. Taught scliool at Harrells- 
ville for one year. Cashier, Bank of Harrellsville since 1953. 
Member American Bankers' Association; North Carolina Bankers 
Association; Young Bankers Division, North Carolina Bankers 
Association; North Carolina Farm Bureau Federation; Executive 
Committee Hertford County Historical Association; Executive 
Committee Hertford County Peace Officers Association; Harrells- 
ville Volunteer Fire Department, Secretary-Treasurer two years; 
Board of Commissioners Town of Harrellsville, 1954-19 56; Mayor 
Town of Harrellsville, 1956-19 58; former Secretary, Vice-Presi- 
dent and President of Hertford County Young Democratic Club; 
Vice-President North Carolina Young Democrats Club, 1957; 
Permanent Chairman, 1959 Convention of North Carolina Young 
Democratic Clubs. Member Roanoke-Chowan Sports Club; Mill 
Neck Gun Club; Cypress Boating Club. Pharmacist Mate 3rd 
Class in United States Navy, 1946-1947. Hertford County Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1959. Member, Board of 
Trustees, Elizabeth City State Teachers College. Baptist; Deacon; 
Teacher Men's Bible Class. Married Alma Barber of Clarkton, N. 
C, October 3, 19 53. Children: Maurice, age 4; Eric, age 2; and 
Emily, age six months. Address: Harrellsville, N. C. 

HUGH STEWART JOHNSON, JK. 

Hugh Stewart .Johnson, Jr., Democrat. Representative from 
Duplin County, was born in Rose Hill, N. C, December 12, 1920. 
Son of Hugh S., Sr. and Ethel (Southerland) Johnson. Attended 
Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1937; Mottes Business School of 
Wilmington, N. C, 1938. Retail hardware merchant. Member 
Town Commission of Rose Hill, 1947-1949. Received Man of the 
Year Award from English-Brown Post No. 9161 Veterans of 
Foreign Wars. Wallace, N. C, 1956. Member Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons; Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Free 
Mansonry; Master Rohobeth Lodge No. 27 9 A. F. & A. M., Rose 
Hill, N. C, 19 53. Served as a naval aviator for three years in 
United States Naval Reserve, World W^ar II with rank of Lieu- 
tenant (jg). Representative in the General Assembly, Extra Ses- 
sion of 195 6 and Regular Session of 19 57 and 1959. Presbyterian; 
Deacon since 1940. Married Evelyn Furr in 1944. Five children. 
Address: Rose Hill, N. C. 



BlOGKAPIIICAI. Skktchks 539 

ROBERT AUSTIN .JONES 

Robert Austin Jones, Democrat, Representative from Ashe 
County, was born at Clifton, N. C, May 17, 1906. Son of Jacob 
Tliomas and Laura (Maliaffey) Jones. Attended Jefferson Higli 
School, Jefferson, N. C. Automobile dealer. President G-F-P 
Chevrolet Co., Inc.; President Ashe Industrial Interprises; Di- 
rector Ashe Industrial Development Corp. Member N. C. Auto- 
mobile Dealers Association; Charlotte Zone Dealer Planning 
Committee; Area Chairman N. C. Automobile Dealers Associa- 
tion, 19 54; Director Ashe County Development Corporation; 
Ashe County Welfare Board; Jefferson Planning Board; Ashe 
County Board of Education, 1936 and 1938; Chairman Riverview 
High School Committee, 1942-1947; Chairman Ashe County Easter 
Seal Campaign, 1960; President Jefferson Rotary Club, 1955. 
Mason and Odd Fellow. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 19 57 and 1959; served on Inter-State Committee during Session 
of 19 59. Methodist; Steward. Married Lessie Halsey, December 
3, 1924. One -daughter. Norma Jones Freeman. Address: West 
Jefferson, N. C. 



JOHN YATES JORDAN, JR. 

John Yates Jordan, Jr.. Democrat, Representative from Bun- 
combe County, was born in Elizabethtown. Tenn., June 8, 1896. 
Son of John Yates and Meena (Smith) Jordan. Attended Asheville 
High School, 1910-1914; Mars Hill College, 1914-1915; University 
of North Carolina, 1915-1918, 1920-1921; University of Nortn 
Carolina Law School, 1917-1918, 1920-1921. Lawyer. Served as 
American Vice Consul, Brest, France. 1918-1920. Member Bun- 
combe County, North Carolina and American Bar Associations; 
International Association of Insurance Counsel; Commercial Law 
League of America; American Judicature Society; Phi Delta Phi. 
President Buncombe County Bar Association. 1936; Delegate 
National Democratic Conventions, 1932-1940; Chairman Ashe- 
ville Boxing Commission, 193 2-1939 and 194 3-195 2; National 
Legal Advisor National Boxing Association. Member Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, Asheville Lodge No. 1401; 
Mount Hermon Lodge No. 118, A.F. & A.M.: Asheville Con- 
sistory A- & A.S.R.; Oasis Temple A.A.O.N.M.S. ; Potentate Oasis 



540 North Carolina Manual 

Temple, 1949. Representative in the General Assembly of 1953, 
19 5 5, 1957 and 1959. Baptist. Addresses: Office, 603-606 Jackson 
Bldg. Residence, 8 6 Midland Drive, Asheville, N. C. 

CLARENCE EDWARD KEMP 

Clarence Edward Kemp, Democrat, Representative from Guil- 
ford County, was born in High Point, N. C, August 24, 1921. Son 
of William Thomas and Etta (Dailey) Kemp. Attended High 
Point High School, graduating in 1938; Duke University for two 
years; High Point College for two years, graduating in 1948. 
President and Editor of Southern Furniture News, a national 
furniture trade publication. Formerly served as staff writer for 
the Greensboro Daily News and the High Point Enterprise; 
editor of Camp Lejeune Globe while on duty with Marine Corps 
during Korean War. Served in World War II with U. S. Marine 
Corps, 19 42-1946, including service in the South Pacific as Combat 
Intelligence Officer; recalled to active duty during Korean War 
and released in 1952 with rank of Captain. ^Member Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks; Rotary Club. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 19 57 and 195 9. Methodist. Married 
Jessie Dean Russell, December 4, 1949. Two sons, Alan Dean 
Kemp, age 7, Jon Edward Kemp, age 5. Address: 624 Westwood. 
High Point, N. C. 

,IOH\ IMiESSlA IvEXNEDV, JR. 

John Pressly Kennedy, Jr., Democrat, Representative from 
Mecklenburg County was born in Charlotte, N. C, August 1, 
192'2. Son of Dr. John P. and Mary (Boyce) Kennedy. Attended 
Charlotte Public Schools, graduating from Charlotte Central High 
School, 1940; Harvard University, B.S., 1943; Cambridge Uni- 
versity (England), A.B. and M.A., 1947; University of North 
Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1950. Lawyer; partner in firm of 
Craighill, Rendleman, and Kennedy, 1950-1960. Trust Officer, 
First Union National Bank of North Carolina. Member N. C. Bar 
Association; American Bar Association; Phi Delta Phi, legal 
fraternity. Member Board of Higher Education, 19 60- . Served 
in United States Army, 1943-1946. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1959. Member Christ Episcopal Church, Charlotte. 



BioGHAPHicAi. Sketches 541 

Married Barbara Whitby, December 22, 1949. Children: Lionel, 
Christopher and Clare. Mailing address: First T^nion National 
Bank. Charlotte, N. C. 

JOHN KEKK, JK. 

.John Kerr, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Warren County, 
was born in Warrenton, N. C. Son of John H. and Lillian (Foote) 
Kerr. Attended W'arrenton Public Schools until 1917; A.B., Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1921; attended Wake Forest College 
Law School, 1923. Lawyer. Member North Carolina Bar Association. 
Private in World War I. Representative in the General Assembly 
from Edgecombe County in 1929 and from W^arren County in 
1939, 1941, 1943, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1957 and 1959. Speaker, 
1943. State Senator in the General Assembly of 19 55. Chairman 
Warren County Democratic Executive Committee since 1932. 
Baptist. Married Mary Hinton Duke. One son, John Kerr, III. 
Address: Warrenton. N. C. 

ROGER CLIXTOX KISER 

Roger Clinton Kiser, Democrat, Representative from Scotland 
County, was born in Yadkin Township, Stokes County, August 30, 
IS 94. Son of Edwin Kiser and Amy Florence (Butner) Kiser. 
Attended public and private schools in Stokes County; Piedmont 
High School, Cleveland County; Guilford College; University of 
North Carolina; Teachers College of Columbia University; Appala- 
chian State Teachers College. Teacher and farmer. Mason; Le- 
gionnaire. Member Christian Church. Representative from Scot- 
land County in the General Assembly of 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 
1957 and 1959. Married Gertrude Margaret Bedell, Ridgewood, 
N. J., August 14, 1926. Two children: Mrs. Philip J. Crutchfield 
and Edwin Marten Kiser. Address: 318 Vance Street, Laurinburg, 
N. C. 

AR( HIE TRAVERS LAXE, SR. 

Archie Travers Lane, Sr., Democrat, Representative from Per- 
quimans County, was born in that county, Sept. 26, 1900. Son 
of Thomas C. Lane and Minnie Copeland Lane. Attended Hert- 



542 N'oiMH Cakoi.i.na Manual 

Lord Ui^h School; Eastman Business College, roughkeepsie, N. V. 
Engaged in fanning and general business. Member of Farm 
Bureau since its organization, President, 1942-1947; fifteen 
years service with Albemarle Electric Membership Corp., four 
as Manager, eleven as Director and past nine as Chairman of 
Board of Directors; member N. C. Electric Co-operative; PJxeeu- 
tive Board of Tar Heel Electric Ass'n., now serving as Vice-Presi- 
dent; first Chairman Board of Supervisors Soil Conservation 
District; Chairman Bear Swamp Drainage Commission since 
1940. Member Board of County Commissioners, 1937-1942, 
19 49-1958, Chairman for eight years. Charter and Master Key 
Member Hertford Lions Club, President, 1944 and District Deputy 
Governor, 1945; Perquimans No. 106 A.F. <& A.M., Master, 
1945-1946; Executive Board Tidewater Council Boy Scouts; 
Executive Board District Tuberculosis Association, Past Chairman; 
North Carolina Tuberculosis Association; District Health Board. 
Baptist; formerly Church Clerk, Deacon and Teacher Adult 
Sunday School. Married Sallie Perry McNider, August of 19 24. 
One son, Archie T. Lane, Jr. Address: Hertford, N. C. 



CLAKEXl E EDWIN I.EATHK K.MAN 

Clarence Edwin Leatherman, Democrat, Representative from 
Lincoln County, was born in Bessemer City, N. C, July 2', 19 25. 
Son of E. Y. and Essie (Pendleton) Leatherman. Attended Lin- 
coln County Public Schools; North Brook High School, 1941; 
Gardner-Webb College, 1941-1942; Appalachian State Teachers 
College, 1946-1947; University of Tennessee, College of Law, 
1949, LL.B. degree. Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; 
North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina Bar Association; Twen- 
ty-seventh Judicial Bar Association, Secretary, 1957-1960; Lin- 
coln County Bar Association; Knights of Phythias. President, 
Lincoln County Young Democrat Club, 1956-1958; State Parlia- 
mentarian, Young Democrat Club, 1958; Delegate to National 
Convention, 1956. Served in United States Navy, RM3C (LC), 
1944-1946. Baptist. Married Charlesanna Walker, April 5, 1952. 
Two daughters, Celia Ann and Rhonda Kay. Address: P. O. Box 
3 61, Lincolnton, N. C. 



Bl()(;i!Al»Hl<'AI, SKKTt'HKS 543 

KOI5EKT l.EATHERWOOl), 111 

Robert Leatherwood, III, Democrat, Representative from Swain 
County, was born in Bryson City, N. C. April 19, 1924. Son of 
Robert, II and Martha Frances (Stovall) Leatlierwood. Attended 
Swain County Scliools, 1930-1941; Wake Forest College, 1945- 
1949; National ITniversity of Mexico, summer of 1948, B.S. de- 
gree; Wake Forest School of Law, 1949-1951, LL.B. Lawyer. 
Member North Carolina Bar Association; Rotary Club; President 
Swain County Chamber of Commerce, 19 54-1955; Secretary 
Swain County Democratic Executive Committee, 1952-1960. 
Served in 517th Parachute Inf., 1943-194 4, as Sergeant. Presby- 
terian. Married Mercedith Eleanor Shook, November 17, 1956. 
One con, Robert Leatherwood, IV, and one daughter. Nelly Madge 
Leatherwood. Address: Bryson City, N. C. 

LEONARD WALTER LLOYD 

Leonard Walter Lloyd, Democrat, Representative from Graham 
County, was born in Robbinsville, N. C, April 25, 1923. Son of 
Clyde C. and Icie C. (West) Lloyd. Attended Robbinsville Ele- 
mentary School, 1929-1936; Robbinsville High School, 1936-1941; 
Duke University, A.B.. 1 951; Emory University Law School, LL.B., 
1953. Lawyer. Member N. C. State Bar; N. C. Bar Association; 
Graham County Chamber of Commerce; Robbinsville Lions Club; 
Delta Theta Phi. Sergeant, United States Marine Corps, 1942- 
1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 195 7 and 19 59. 
Baptist. Married Bernice Adams. August 11, 1945. Children: 
Carolyn Inez Lloyd, age eight and Pricella Lynn Lloyd, age five. 
Address: Robbinsville, N. C. 

WALTER JOXES LI PTOX 

Walter Jones Lupton, Democrat, Representative from Hyde 
County, was born in Scranton, N. C, January 9, 190 6. Son of 
Silas S. and Georgia Ann (Robinson) Lupton. Attended High 
School, Swan Quarter, N. C, 1920-1924; University of North 
Carolina, 1924-1927; University of North Carolina Law School, 
one year. Farmer. County Accountant, Hyde County, 1933-1940; 
County Democratic Chairman, Hyde County, 1954-1956; Assistant 



544 XdKiu Cauoi.i.va Manuai. 

Emergency Loan Supervisor, Farmers Home Administration. 
Hyde County, 1956-19 58. Member Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons, Atlantic Lodge No. 29 4, Master 1942-1957 and Secretary 
for several years. Methodist. Married Margaret T. Fisher, March 
7, 193 6. One son, Richard Byron Lupton. age 16. Address: Swan 
Quarter, N. C. 

LESTKK I'. MAKTIN, .IH. 

Lester P. Martin, Jr., Democrat, Representative from Davie 
County, was born in Mocksville, N. C, June 21, 19 24. Son of 
Lester P., Sr. and Helen Frances (Bahnson) Martin. Attended 
Mocksville High School, graduating in June 1941; Oak Ridge 
Military Institute, 1941-194?,; Catawba College, 1945-47; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. 1947-1949; Wake Forest School 
of Law, 1951-1954, LL.B. Lawyer. Member North Carolina 
Bar Association; Mocksville Masonic Lodge, AF & AM, No. 
134. Civil Defense Director, Davie County. 1956-1960; Town 
Attorney, Town of Mocksville, N. C, 1958-1960. S/Sgt., Army 
Air Force, 1943-1945; 1st Lieutenant, North Carolina National 
Guard since 1957. Baptist; Supt. Intermediate Sunday School 
Dept; Deacon; Trustee of South Yadkin Baptist Association. 
Married Elizabeth Weaver, March 10, 19 51. Children: Lester P. 
Martin, III and Robert Samuel Weaver Martin. Address: North 
Main Street, Mocksville, N. C. 

\EILL LAICHLIN M« FADYEN 

Neill Lauchlin .McFadyen, Democrat, Representative from Hoke 
County, was born in Hoke County, September 19, 1911. Son of 
William M. and Lena (Blue) McFadyen. Attended Raeford High 
School, Class of 1929; Davidson College, Class of 1933. Engaged 
in farming, real estate and insurance. Commissioner, Town of 
Raeford, 1941-1943; Mayor of Raeford, 1943-1947; member 
Hoke County Board of Education since 1949; Chairman of Board 
of Education since 1955. Presbyterian; Deacon, 1940-1949; 
Elder since 1949; Commissioner to General Assembly of Presby- 
terian Church in the United States which met in Charlotte, N. C, 
April 24-28, 1958. Married Mary Virginia McLean, June 12, 
1937. Children: Neill, Jr., age 21, Virginia Purcell, age 19, Wil- 



BlOGliAPHK'AL Sketcuks 545 

liam McLeau, age 15 and John Currie, age 13. Address: 111 
Highland Street, Raeford, N. C. Mailing Address: Box 12'6. Rae- 
ford, N. C. 

JOHX HoniJiNS McLaughlin 

John Robbins McLaughlin, Democrat, Representative from 
Iredell County, was born in Statesville, N. C, November 19, 1906. 
Son of Richard B. and Maude (Robbins) McLaughlin. Attended 
Statesville High School and Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1921- 
1925; Wake Forest Law School, 193