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Full text of "North Carolina manual [serial]"

THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 



C 917. 05 

N87m 

1975 
c.2 




jfTRAN 



J- 



A 




SYLVAN 



1 



2P 40 60 80 100 

1  >  I  I i I i I 

SCALE IN MILES 



To be used as on overlay on maps in the text to identify individuo) countie 



NORTH CAROLINA MANUAL 

1975 




Issued by 
THAD EURE 

Secretary of State 



Edited by 

John L. Cheney, Jr. 

Director of Publications 

Raleigh 



TO THE 

1975 MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 



TO THE 
STATE, COUNTY. CITY AND TOWN OFFICIALS 



AND TO THE 

PEOPLE OF THE OLD NORTH STATE 

AT HOME AND ABROAD 



THIS MANUAL IS RESPECTFULLY 
DEDICATED 




Secretary of State 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Introductory Note, Thad Eure, Secretary of State v 

Preface xv 



PARTI 
HISTORICAL 

Chapter One, The State of North Carolina 

A Brief History 3 

Chief Executives 5 

The North Carolina State Capitol 11 

The Capitol by Edwin Gill 15 

The Legislative Building 17 

The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina 21 

The State Flag 23 

Names and Nicknames of State 25 

The State Motto 25 

The State Colors 25 

The State Bird 27 

The State Flower 27 

The State Insect 27 

The State Tree 29 

The State Mammal 29 

The State Shell 31 

The State Saltwater Fish 31 

The State Precious Stone 33 

The State Toast 33 

The Halifax Resolution 35 

The Mecklenburg Declaration of 20th May, 1775 36 

Constitution of North Carolina 37 

Public Holidays 65 

Chapter Two, The United States of America 

Presidents of the United States 67 

The Declaration of Independence 69 

The Constitution of the United States 73 

Amendments to the Constitution of the United States 83 

The American Flag, Its Origin 91 

The Proper Display of the American Flag 93 

The Pledge to the Flag 96 

The American's Creed 97 

The Capitol at Washington 99 

Governors of the States and Territories 101 






PART II 

CENSUS 

Population of the State of North Carolina 105 

Table 1. State Population Statistics 107 

Table 2. County Population States, 1970 108 

Table 3. Population of Incorporated places of 10,000 or more 110 

Table 1 . Population of Incorporated places of 2,500 - 9,999 Ill 

Table 5. Population of Incorporated places of 1,000 - 2,499 113 

Table 6. Population of Incorporated places of less than 1,000 116 

Resident Population of the United States as of April 1, 1970 122 



PART III 
POLITICAL 

Chapter One, North Carolina Election Districts 

Congressional Districts 127 

Apportionment of Senators by Districts in accordance with the 

census of 1970 and the Constitution 129 

Apportionment of members of the House of Representatives by 

Districts in Accordance with the Census of 1970 and the 

Constitution 131 

Judical Districts 135 

Solicitorial Districts 137 

Chapter Two, The Democratic Party 

North Carolina Democratic Party Platform 139 

Plan of Organization 153 

Committees of the State Democratic Party 

State Democratic Executive Committee 178 

Congressional District Executive Committee 179 

Senatorial District Executive Committee 183 

House of Representatives District Executive Committee 183 

Judicial District Executive Committee 196 

( 'ounty Chairmen 202 

Chapter Three, The Republican Party 

North Carolina Republican Party Platform 205 

Plan of Organization of the Republican Party of 

North Carolina 207 

Committees of the State Republican Party 

State Republican Executive Committee 226 

Chairmen-Republican County Executive Committees 232 



VUl 



PART IV 
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



The Executive Branch 



President of the United States 239 

The President's Cabinet 240 

United States Congress 

Senate 241 

Officers 241 

Standing committees of the Senate 241 

North Carolina Members 243 

House of Representatives 247 

Officers 247 

Standing committees of the House 247 

North Carolina Members 249 

The United States Judicial System 

The Supreme Court 271 

Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals 271 

District Courts in North Carolina 271 

Biographical Sketches 273 

PARTV 

NORTH CAROLINA GOVERNMENT 

Introduction 285 

Chapter One, The Legislative Branch 

Introduction 289 

North Carolina Senate 

Senators (Alphabetical) 293 

Senators (by District) 295 

Biographical Sketches of Members of the 1975 Senate 297 

Occupations of members of the 1975 Senate 326 

Senate Committees, 1975 328 

Rules of the Senate 335 

North Carolina House of Representatives 

Representatives (alphabetical) 349 

Representatives (by District) 353 

Biographies of Members of the 1975 House of Representatives 357 

Occupations of Members of the 1975 House of Representatives 422 

House Committees, 1975 426 

Rules of the House of Representatives 439 

Legislative Services Officer 453 

ix 



Chapter Two, The Executive Branch 

Office of the Governor 455 

Office of the Lieutenant Governor 461 

Department of the Secretary of State 465 

Department of the State Auditor 471 

I )epart ment of the State Treasurer 479 

1 >rpart ment of Public Education 493 

1 )epartment of Justice 503 

I )epartment of Agriculture 515 

I )epartment of Labor 525 

I )epartment of Insurance 535 

I )epartment of Administration 543 

Department of Commerce 559 

Department of Correction 569 

I )epartment of Cultural Resources 577 

I )epartment of Human Resources 595 

Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs 619 

Department of Natural and Economic Resources 627 

Department of Revenue 647 

Department of Transportation and Highway Safety 655 

State Board of Elections 665 

Chapter Three, The Judicial Branch 

Introduction 669 

The North Carolina Supreme Court 675 

The North Carolina Court of Appeals 683 

The North Carolina Superior Courts 692 

District Attornies 694 

The North Carolina District Courts 695 

Administrative Office of the Courts 698 

Chapter Four, The University of North Carolina System 

Higher Education in North Carolina 701 

President, University of North Carolina 705 

Chancellors of the Constituent Institutions 707 

Board of Governors of the University of North Carolina 723 

Boards of Trustees of the Constituent Institutions 724 

Chapter Five, Independent State Boards and Commissions 

Miscellaneous Boards and Commissions 731 

Licensing Boards 742 



PART VI 

ELECTION RETURNS 

Popular and Electorial Vote for President (by State), 1972 759 

Popular Votes for President (by State), 1960-1968 760 

Popular Votes for President (by County), 1960-1972 761 

Governor in Primaries (State Totals), 1944-1972 763 

Governor (by County), 1960-1972 765 

State Officers in Primaries (State Totals), 1960-1974 767 

Total Votes Cast, General Elections, 1964-1974 773 

Attorney General (By County), November 5, 1974 778 

United States Senators in Primaries, 1960-1974 779 

United States Senators in General Elections, 1960-1972 781 

United States Senator (By County), November 5, 1974 782 

United States House of Representatives (By District), 1962-1964 783 

United States House of Representatives (By District), 1966 789 

United States House of Representatives (By District), 1968-1970 794 

United States House of Representatives (By District), 1972-1974 799 



PART VII 

NORTH CAROLINA COUNTY GOVERNMENT 

Alamance 807 

Alexander 808 

Alleghany 808 

Anson 809 

Ashe 810 

Avery 811 

Beaufort 812 

Bertie 812 

Bladen 813 

Brunswick 814 

Buncombe 815 

Burke 816 

Cabarrus 816 

Caldwell 817 

Camden 818 

Carteret 819 

Caswell 819 

Catawba 820 

Chatham 821 

Cherokee 822 

Chowan 822 

Clay 823 

Cleveland 824 

Columbus 825 

xi 



(raven 825 

Cumberland 826 

Currituck 827 

Dare 828 

I >a\ idson 828 

Davie 829 

Duplin 830 

Durham 831 

Edgecombe 831 

Forsyth 832 

Franklin 833 

Gaston 834 

Gates 834 

Graham 835 

Granville 835 

Greene 836 

Guilford 837 

Halifax 838 

Harnett 838 

Haywood 839 

Henderson 840 

Hertford 840 

Hoke 841 

Hyde 842 

Iredell 843 

Jackson 844 

Johnston 844 

Jones 845 

Lee 845 

Lenoir 846 

Lincoln 847 

Macon 848 

Madison 848 

Martin 849 

McDowell 850 

Mecklenburg 851 

Mitchell 851 

Montgomery 852 

Moore 853 

Nash 854 

New Hanover 854 

Northampton 855 

Onslow 856 

Orange 857 

Pamlico 857 

Pasquotank 858 

Pender 859 

Perquimans 860 

Person 860 

Pitt 861 

Polk 862 

xii 



Randolph 862 

Richmond 863 

Robeson 864 

Rockingham 865 

Rowan 865 

Rutherford 866 

Sampson 867 

Scotland 868 

Stanly 868 

Stokes 869 

Surry 870 

Swain 871 

Transylvania 871 

Tyrrell 872 

Union 873 

Vance 873 

Wake 874 

Warren 875 

Washington 876 

Watauga 876 

Wayne 877 

Wilkes 878 

Wilson 879 

Yadkin 879 

Yancey 880 



TABLE OF DIAGRAMS AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHARTS 

North Carolina State Government 286 

The Legislative Branch 288 

Senate, Seating Diagram 292 

House of Representatives, Seating Diagram 350 

Office of the Governor 456 

Office of the Lieutenant Governor 462 

Department of the Secretary of State 466 

Department of the State Auditor 472 

Department of the State Treasurer 480 

Department of Public Education 494 

Department of Justice 504 

Department of Agriculture 518 

Department of Labor 526 

Department of Insurance 536 

Department of Administration 544 

Department of Commerce 560 

Department of Correction 570 

Department of Cultural Resources 578 

Department of Human Resources 596 

Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs 620 

Department of Natural and Economic Resources 628 

xiii 



Department of Revenue 648 

Department of Transportation and Highway Safety 656 

The Judicial Branch 668 

The University of North Carolina System 702 



TABLE OF ILLUSTRATIONS AND PHOTOGRAPHS* 

The Capitol Building 10 

The Legislative Building 18 

The Great Seal 20 

The State Flag 22 

The State Bird, Flower, and Insect 26 

The State Tree and Mammal 28 

The State Shell and Salt Water Fish 30 

The State Precious Stone 32 

The American Flag 92 

The United States Capitol Building 98 

The United States Supreme Court Building 270 



TABLE OF MAPS 

Congressional Districts 126 

Senatorial Districts 128 

Representative Districts 132 

Judicial Districts 134 



'Does not include photographs accompanying biographical sketches. 



xiv 



PREFACE 

In North Carolina, State government has been undergoing a massive 
"face-lifting" since the adoption of a new constitution in 1970, and the 
continuing implementation of a constitutional amendment — also adopted 
in 1970— providing for the reorganization of the executive branch. In or- 
der to meet the needs of our citizenry, who are seeking a better under- 
standing of the organization and functions of our State government, the 
Department of the Secretary of State has revised and expanded the 
North Carolina Manual— beginning with the 1975 edition. The material 
normally found within its covers— biographical sketches, historical facts, 
political party information and state and county rosters — has been in- 
hanced by the addition of new material which includes expanded bio- 
graphical coverage, short narratives of the various branches of State 
government and the departments and divisions within them, and the ex- 
pansion of areas where before only small amounts of information were 
given. The size and format of the Manual has also been revised to better 
reflect the organization of government, and to provide those using the 
Manual easier access to related areas of information. 

It is hoped that this edition and future editions of the North Carolina 
Manual will serve the needs of the people of North Carolina, and that it 
will help to increase their awareness and understanding of the functions 
of their governments. 

John L. Cheney, Jr., Editor 
August 1, 1975 



XV 



PARTI 
THE STATE 



State of North Carolina 3 

CHAPTER ONE 
THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 



A BRIEF HISTORY 

North Carolina, often called the "Tar Heel" state, was the scene of the first 
attempt to colonize America by English-speaking people. Under a charter granted 
to Sir Walter Raleigh by Queen Elizabeth, two colonies were begun in the 1850's. 
This settlement, however, was unsuccessful and later became known as "The Lost 
Colony." 

The first permanent settlement was made about 1650 by immigrants from 
Virginia. In 1663 Charles II granted to eight Lords Proprietors a charter for the 
territory lying "within six and thirty degrees of the northern latitude, and to the 
west as far as the south seas, and so southerly as far as the River St. Mattias, 
which bordereth upon the coast of Florida, and within one and thirty degrees of 
northern latitude, and so west in a direct line as far as the south seas aforesaid; 
. . . "and the colony was called Carolina. In 1665 another charter was granted to 
these noblemen. This charter extended the limits of Carolina so that the northern 
line was 36 degrees and 30 minutes north latitude, and the southern line was 29 
degrees north latitude, and both of these lines extended westward to the South 
Seas. 

In 1669 John Locke wrote the Fundamental Constitutions as a model for the 
government of Carolina. The Lords Proprietors adopted these constitutions and 
directed the governor to put into operation as much of them as was feasible. In 
1670 there were four precincts (changed to counties in 1739) : Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans, Chowan, and Currituck. North Carolina now has one hundred counties. 

Carolina on December 7, 1710, was divided into North Carolina and South 
Carolina, and Edward Hyde, on May 9, 1712, became the first governor of North 
Carolina. 

In 1729 seven of the eight Lords Proprietors sold their interest in Carolina to 
the Crown and North Carolina became a royal colony. George Burrington was the 
first royal governor. Richard Everard, the last proprietary governor, served until 
Burrington was appointed. 

North Carolina, on April 12, 1776, authorized her delegates in the Continental 
Congress to vote for independence, and on December 18, 1776, adopted a constitu- 
tion. Richard Caswell became the first governor under this constitution. On No- 
vember 21, 1789, the state adopted the United States Constitution, being the 
twelfth state to enter the Federal Union. North Carolina, in 1788, had rejected 
the Constitution on the grounds that cerain amendments were vital and necessary 
to a free people. 



4 North Carolina Manual 

A Constitutional convention was held in 1835 and among: several changes made 
in the Constitution was the method of electing the governor. After this change the 
governor was elected by the people for a term of two years instead of being elected 
by the Legislature for a term of one year. Edward Bishop Dudley was the first 
governor elected by the people. 

During the twentieth century, North Carolina has made its greatest progress. 

A new State Constitution was adopted in 1868 and since that date the governor 
has been elected by the people for four-year terms and he cannot succeed himself. 
Numerous amendments were added to this Constitution and it was completely re- 
vised and amended by a vote of the people in 1970. 

North Carolina has had two permanent capitals — New Bern and Raleigh — and 
there have been three capitol buildings. Tryon's Palace in New Bern was con- 
structed in the period, 1767-1770, and the main building was destroyed by fire 
February '2~ , 1798. The first capitol in Raleigh was completed in 1794 and was 
destroyed by fire on June 21, 1831. The present capitol was completed in 1840. 

The state in 1790 ceded her western lands, which was composed of Washing- 
ton, Davidson, Hawkins, Greene, Sullivan, Sumner, and Tennessee counties, to the 
Federal government, and between 1790 and 1796 the territory was known as Ten- 
nessee Territory, but in 1796 it became the fifteenth state in the Union. 

In 1738, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed an act authorizing 
the establishment of district courts which served as appellant courts. These courts 
were authorized to be held in Bath, New Bern, and New Town — now Wilmington. 
In 1746, the General Assembly repealed the act of 1738 and established district 
courts to be held at Edenton, Wilmington, and Edgecombe. From 1754 until 1790, 
other districts were formed as the state expanded in territory and developed needs 
for these districts. By 1790, there were eight judicial districts divided into two 
ridings of four districts each. In 1806, the General Assembly passed an act estab- 
lishing a superior court in each county. The act also set up judicial districts com- 
posed of certain contiguous counties, and this practice of expanding the districts 
has continued from five districts in 1806 until now there are thirty districts. 

When North Carolina adopted the Federal Constitution on November 21, 1789, 
she was authorized to send two senators and five representatives to the Congress 
of the United States according to the constitutional apportionment. In 1792, when 
the first federal census had been completed and tabulated, it was found that North 
Carolina was entitled to ten representatives. It was then that the General Assem- 
bly divided the state into ten congressional districts. In 1812, the state had grown 
and increased in population until it was entitled to thirteen representatives in 
Congress. Between 1812 and 1865, however, the population decreased so much in 
proportion to the population of other states of the Union that North Carolina was 
by that time entitled only to seven representatives. After 1865 the population of 
the state showed a steady increase so that beginning in 1943 North Carolina was 
entitled to twelve representatives in Congress. The 1970 census showed that the 
state had more than a half million more people than in 1960, but this increase was 
not nearly as much in proportion to that of some of the other states. North Caro- 
lina is now entitled to only eleven representatives in Congress. 



State of North Carolina 5 

CHIEF EXECUTIVES 
GOVERNORS OF "VIRGINIA" 

Name Qualified Term 

Ralph Lane [April 9], 1585 1585-1586 

John White [April 26], 1587 1587 



PROPRIETARY GOVERNORS 

Name Qualified Term 

(Samuel Stephens) [1622-1664] 

William Drummond February 23, 1665 1665-[1667] 

Samuel Stephens , 1667 [1667-1670] 

Peter Carteret March 10, 1670 1670-1671 

Peter Carteret , 1971 1671-1672 

John Jenkins [May — ], 1672 1672-1675 

Thomas Eastchurch October — , 1675 1675-1676 

[Speaker-Assembly] [Spring, 1676] 1676 

John Jenkins March — , 1676 1676-1677 

Thomas Eastchurch 

Thomas Miller July — , 1677 1677 

[Rebel Council] December—, 1677 1677-1679 

Seth Sothel 

John Harvey July — , 1679 1679 

John Jenkins December—, 1679 1679-1681 

Henry Wilkinson 

Seth Sothel , [1682] [1682]-1689 

John Archdale December — , 1683 1683-1686 

John Gibbs November — , 1689 1689-1690 

Phillip Ludwell May—, 1690 1690-1691 

Thomas Jarvis July—, 1690 1690-1694 

Phillip Ludwell November — , 1693 1693-1695 

Thomas Harvey July — , 1694 1694-1699 

John Archdale June — , 1695 1695 

John Archdale January—, 1697 1697 

Henderson Walker July — , 1699 1699-1703 

Robert Daniel July — , 1703 1703-1705 

Thomas Cary March 21, 1705 1705-1706 

William Glover July 13, 1706 1706-1707 

Thomas Cary August — , 1707 1707 

William Glover October 28, 1707 1707-1708 

Thomas Cary July 24, 1708 1708-1711 

[William Glover] [1709-1710] 

(Edward Jukes) 



The names which are indented first are those who served as chief executive, but were appointed 
either deputy or lieutenant governor. Those indented second served while president of the council. 



6 North Carolina Manual 

Edward Hyde January 22, 1711 1711-1712 

Edward Hyde May 9, 1712 1712 

Thomas Pollock September 12, 1712 1712-1714 

Charles Eden May 28, 1714 1714-1722 

Thomas Pollock March 30, 1722 1722 

William Reed September 7, 1722 1722-1724 

George Burrington . January 15, 1724 1724-1725 

Edward Moseley October 31, 1724 1724 

Sir Richard Everard July 17, 1725 1725-1731 



ROYAL GOVERNORS 

Sam, Qualified Term 

George Burrington February 25, 1731 1731-1734 

Nathaniel Rice April 17, 1734 1734 

Gabriel Johnston November 2, 1734 1734-1752 

Nathaniel Rice July 17, 1752 1752-1753 

Matthew Rowan February 1, 1753 1753-1754 

Arthur Dobbs November 1, 1754 1754-1765 

James Hassell October 15, 1763 1763 

William Tryon April 3, 1765 1765 

William Tryon December 20, 1765 1765-1771 

James Hassell July 1, 1771 1771 

Josiah Martin August 12, 1771 1771-1775 

James Hassell October 8, 1774 1774 



ELECTED BY THE LEGISLATURE 

Name Residence Qualified Term 

Richard Caswell Dobbs December 21, 1776 1776-1777 

Richard Caswell Dobbs April 18, 1777 1777-1778 

Richard Caswell Dobbs April 20, 1778 1778-1779 

Richard Caswell Dobbs May 4, 1779 1779-1780 

Abner Nash Craven April 21, 1780 1780-1781 

Thomas Burke Orange June 26, 1781 1781-1782 

Alexander Martin Guilford October 5, 1781 1781-1782 

Alexander Martin Guilford April 22, 1782 1782-1783 

Alexander Martin Guilford April 30, 1783 1783-1784 

Alexander Martin Guilford May 3, 1784 1784-1785 

Richard Caswell Dobbs May 13, 1785 1785 

Richard Caswell Dobbs December 12, 1785 1785-1786 

Richard Caswell Dobbs December 23, 1786 1786-1787 

Samuel Johnston Chowan December 20, 1787 1787-1788 

Samuel Johnston Chowan November 18, 1788 1788-1789 

Samuel Johnston Chowan November 18, 1789 1789 



State of North Carolina 7 

N ame Residence Qualified Term 

Alexander Martin Guilford December 17, 1789 1789-1790 

Alexander Martin Guilford December 9, 1790 1790-1792 

Alexander Martin Guilford January 2, 1792 1792 

Richard Dobbs Spaight Craven December 14, 1792 1792-1793 

Richard Dobbs Spaight Craven December 26, 1793 1793-1795 

Richard Dobbs Spaight Craven January 6, 1795 1795 

Samuel Ashe New Hanover November 19, 1795 1795-1796 

Samuel Ashe New Hanover December 19, 1796 1796-1797 

Samuel Ashe New Hanover December 5, 1797 1797-1798 

William R. Davie Halifax December 7, 1798 1798-1799 

Benjamin Williams Moore November 23, 1799 1799-1800 

Benjamin Williams Moore November 29, 1800 1800-1801 

Benjamin Williams Moore November 28, 1801 1801-1802 

John Baptiste Ashe Halifax  

James Turner Warren December 6, 1802 1802-1803 

James Turner Warren December 6, 1803 1803-1804 

James Turner Warren November 29, 1804 1804-1805 

Nathaniel Alexander Mecklenburg December 10, 1805 1805-1806 

Nathaniel Alexander Mecklenburg December 1, 1806 1806-1807 

Benjamin Williams Moore December 1, 1807 1807-1808 

David Stone Bertie December 12, 1808 1808-1809 

David Stone Bertie December 13, 1809 1809-1810 

Benjamin Smith Brunswick December 5, 1810 1810-1811 

William Hawkins Warren December 9, 1811 1811-1812 

William Hawkins Warren December 8, 1812 1812-1813 

William Hawkins Warren December 7, 1813 1813-1814 

William Miller Warren December 7, 1814 1814-1815 

William Miller Warren December 7, 1815 1815-1816 

William Miller Warren December 7, 1816 1816-1817 

John Branch Halifax December 6, 1817 1817-1818 

John Branch Halifax December 5, 1818 1818-1819 

John Branch Halifax December 7, 1819 1819-1820 

Jesse Franklin Surry December 7, 1820 1820-1821 

Gabriel Holmes Sampson December 7, 1821 1821-1822 

Gabriel Holmes Sampson December 7, 1822 1822-1823 

Gabriel Holmes Sampson December 6, 1823 1823-1824 

Hutchings G. Burton Halifax December 7, 1824 1824-1825 

Hutchings G. Burton Halifax December 6, 1825 1825-1826 

Hutchings G. Burton Halifax December 29, 1826 1826-1827 

James Iredell, Jr Chowan December 8, 1827 1827-1828 

John Owen Bladen December 12, 1828 1828-1829 

John Owen Bladen December 10, 1829 1829-1830 

Montford Stokes Wilkes December 18, 1830 1830-1831 

Montford Stokes Wilkes December 13, 1831 1831-1832 

David L. Swain Buncombe December 6, 1832 1832-1833 

David L. Swain Buncombe December 9, 1833 1833-1834 

David L. Swain Buncombe December 10, 1834 1834-1835 

Richard Dobbs Spaight, Jr Craven December 10, 1835 1835-1836 



8 North Carolina Manual 



ELECTED BY THE PEOPLE 

Name Residence Qualified Term 

Edward B. Dudley New Hanover December 31, 1836 1836-1838 

Edward B. Dudley New Hanover December 29, 1838 1838-1841 

John M. Morehead Guilford January 1, 1841 1841-1842 

John M. Morehead Guilford December 31, 1842 1842-1845 

William A. Graham Orange January 1, 1845 1845-1847 

William A. Graham Orange January 1, 1847 1847-1849 

Charles Manly Wake January 1, 1849 1849-1851 

David S. Reid Rockingham January 1, 1851 1851-1852 

David S. Reid Rockingham December 22, 1852 1852-1854 

Warren Winslow Cumberland December 6, 1854 1854-1855 

Thomas Bragg Northampton January 1, 1855 1855-1857 

Thomas Bragg Northampton January 1, 1857 1857-1859 

John W. Ellis Rowan January 1, 1859 1859-1861 

John W. Ellis Rowan January 1, 1861 1861 

Henry T. Clark Edgecombe July 7, 1861 1861-1862 

Zebulon B. Vance Buncombe September 8, 1862 1862-1864 

Zebulon B. Vance Buncombe December 22, 1864 1864-1865 

William W. Holden Wake May 29, 1865 1865 

Jonathan Worth Randolph December 15, 1865 1865-1866 

Jonathan Worth Randolph December 22, 1866 1866-1868 

William W. Holden Wake July 1, 1868 1868-1870 

Tod R. Caldwell Burke December 15, 1870 1870-1873 

Tod R. Caldwell Burke January 1, 1873 1873-1874 

Curtis H. Brogden Wayne July 14, 1874 1874-1877 

Zebulon B. Vance Buncombe January 1, 1877 1877-1879 

Thomas J. Jarvis Pitt February 5, 1879 1879-1881 

Thomas J. Jarvis Pitt January 18, 1881 1881-1885 

James L. Robinson Macon September 1, 1883 1883 

Alfred M. Scales Rockingham January 21, 1885 1885-1889 

Daniel G. Fowle Wake January 17, 1889 1889-1891 

Thomas M. Holt Alamance April 8, 1891 1891-1893 

Elias Carr Edgecombe January 18, 1893 1893-1897 

Daniel L. Russell Brunswick January 12, 1897 1897-1901 

Charles B. Aycock Wayne January 15, 1901 1901-1905 

Robert B. Glenn Forsyth January 11, 1905 1905-1909 

William W. Kitchin Person January 12, 1909 1909-1913 

Locke Craig Buncombe January 15, 1913 1913-1917 

Thomas W. Bickett Franklin January 11, 1917 1917-1921 

Cameron Morrison Mecklenburg January 12, 1921 1921-1925 

Angus W. McLean Robeson January 14, 1925 1925-1929 

Oliver Max Gardner Cleveland January 11, 1929 1929-1933 

John C. B. Ehringhaus Pasquotank January 5, 1933 1933-1937 

Clyde R. Hoey Cleveland January 7, 1937 1937-1941 



State of North Carolina 



John Melville Broughton Wake January 9, 1941 1941-1945 

Robert Gregg Cherry Gaston January 4, 1945 1945-1949 

William Kerr Scott Alamance January 6, 1949 1949-1953 

William B. Umstead Durham January 8, 1953 1953-1954 

Luther H. Hodges Rockingham November 7, 1954 1954-1957 

Luther H. Hodges Rockingham February 7, 1957 1957-1961 

Terry Sanford Cumberland January 5, 1961 1961-1965 

Daniel K. Moore Jackson January 8, 1965 1965-1969 

Robert W. Scott Alamance January 3, 1969 1969-1973 

James E. Holshouser, Jr Watauga January 5, 1973 1973- 



State of North Carolina 11 



THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE CAPITOL 

The North Carolina State Capitol is one of the finest and best preserved ex- 
amples of a major civic building in the Greek Revival Style of architecture. 

Prior to 1792, North Carolina legislators met in various towns throughout 
the state — Halifax, Hillsboro, and New Bern were the most frequent locations. 
Meetings were held in local plantation houses, court houses, and even churches — 
whatever was available; however, when the City of Raleigh was established as 
the permanent seat of the Government of North Carolina in 1792, a simple, two- 
story brick State House was built on Union Square. The State House was com- 
pleted in 1796. 

The State House was enlarged in 1820-24 by the architect William Nichols. 
A third floor and eastern and western wings were added to the building, and a 
domed rotunda was constructed at its center to house Antonio Canova's statue of 
President George Washington, acquired by the State in 1821. When the State 
House burned on June 21, 1831, the statue of Washington was damaged beyond 
repair. 

The General Assembly of 1832-33 ordered that a new Capitol (as the present 
building has always been called) be built as an enlarged version of the old State 
House — that is, a cross-shaped building with a central, domed rotunda. The sum 
of $50,000 was appropriated, and a commission appointed to initiate the plan. The 
Commissioners for Rebuilding the Capitol first employed William Nichols, Jr., to 
help them prepare plans for the building. In August of 1833, Nichols was re- 
placed by the distinguished New York architectural firm of Ithiel Town and Alex- 
ander Jackson Davis. They modified and greatly improved the earlier design, 
giving the Capitol essentially its present appearance and plan. David Paton 
(1802-82), an Edinburgh-born architect who had worked for John Seoane, the 
noted English arhitect, was hired in September, 1834, to superintend the construc- 
tion of the Capitol. Paton replaced Town and Davis as the Commissioners' ar- 
chitect early in 1835. The Capitol was built under Paton's supervision except for 
the exterior stone walls, which were largely in place when he got to Raleigh. 
Paton made several modifications in the Town and Davis plans for the interior. 
He is responsible for the cantilevered or overhanging gallery at the second floor 
level of the rotunda, the groined masonry vaulting of the first floor office and 
corridor ceilings, and the interior arrangement of the east and west wings. After 
clearing away the rubbish of the old State House, excavations were made and a 
new foundation laid. On July 4, 1833, the corner stone was set in place. Following 
this, work progressed more slowly, and the original appropriation soon exhausted. 
At the next session of the Legislature, an additional appropriation of $75,000 was 
necessary so that work could begin on the stone and finer work. Many skilled 
artisans were brought over from Scotland and other countries to carry out this 
phase of construction. 

Most of the architectural details — columns, mouldings, ornamental plaster- 
work, and the honeysuckle crown atop the dome, for example — were carefully 



12 North Carolina Manual 



patterned after features of particular ancient Greek temples: The exterior 
columns are Doric in style and modeled after those of the Parthenon, the House 
of Representatives Chamber follows the semicircular plan of a Greek theater and 
its architectural ornament is in the Corinthian style of the Tower of the Winds, 
and the Senate Chamber is decorated in the Ionic style of the Erechtheum. The 
only non-classical parts of the building are two large rooms on the third floor 
which were finished in the Gothic Style, then just beginning its rise to popularity 
in America. 

The ornamental ironwork, chandeliers, hardware, and marble mantels of the 
Capitol came from Philadelphia, as did the man who executed all of the orna- 
mental plasterwork. The desks and chairs in the House and Senate Chambers 
were made by a Raleigh Cabinetmaker, William Thompson. 

The Capitol was completed in 1840 at a total cost (including furnishings) of 
$532,682.34, or more than three times the yearly general income of the State at 
that time. 

In plan, the Capitol is a cross-shaped building, centering on a domed rotunda 
where the wings join. It is 160 feet from north to south, 140 feet from east to west 
(including the porticoes), and stands 97Vs> feet from the base of the rotunda to 
the crown atop the dome. The exterior walls are built of gneiss (a form of 
granite). This stone was quarried in southeastern Raleigh and hauled to the site 
on the horse-drawn Experimental Rail Road, the first railway in North Carolina. 
The interior walls are of stone and brick. The massive, original wooden truss sys- 
tem still carries the roof. 

The first floor contains eight offices in the north and south wings and smaller 
rooms in the east and west wings. (These offices originally housed all of the 
executive branch of state government — a total of six ^ull-time officials in 1840.) 
The rotunda contains a duplicate original of Canova's statue of Washington, 
acquired in 1970. In inches around the rotunda are busts of three Governors and 
a United States Senator. Stairways in the east and west wings give access to the 
second floor, where the Senate and House Chambers and related offices are located. 
Rooms in the east and west wings, built as legislative committee rooms, have been 
converted to other uses. On the third floor are the galleries of the Senate and 
House Chambers, and in the east and west wings are the original State Supreme 
House Chambers, and in the east and west wings are the original State Supreme 
domed, top-lit vestibules of those two rooms are especially note-worthy. 

The Capitol housed all of the state government until the 1880's. The Supreme 
Court moved to its own building in 1888. The General Assembly moved to the 
State Legislative Building (the State's first building erected exclusively for 
legislative use) in 1963. Today the only official occupants of the Capitol are 
some of the personnel of the Governor and the Secretary of State. 

The Capitol probably has been less changed in appearance, inside and out, 
than any major American civic building of its era. The stonework, the ornamental 
plaster and ironwork, the furniture of the legislative chambers, and all but one 
of the marble mantels that the visitor sees today are original, not restorations or 



State of North Carolina 13 



reproductions. Yet continuous and heavy use since 1840 has left its marks on the 
building, and to cope with them the Capitol currently is undergoing a careful re- 
habilitation. This work was begun in 1971 and is intended to preserve and en- 
hance the architectural splendor and decorative beauty of the Capitol for future 
generations. Work done to date includes replacing the leaky copper roof, cleaning 
and sealing the exterior stone, and repainting the rotunda in colors similar to 
those originally used. Later phases of the project will include repairing plaster- 
work damaged by roof leaks, replacing obsolete wiring and plumbing, reworking 
the heating and cooling systems in the upper floors to make them less con- 
spicuous, replacing worn carpets and draperies, and repainting the rest of the 
interior according to the original color scheme. 

The following is a description of the Capitol written by the architect, David 
Pa ton : 

"The State Capitol is 160 feet in length from north to south by 140 
feet from east to west. The whole height is 97 V2 feet in the center. The 
apex of pediment is 64 feet in height. The stylobate is 18 feet in height. 
The columns of the east and west porticoes are 5 feet IV2. inches in 
diameter. An entablature, including blocking course, is continued around 
the building 12 feet high. 

"The columns and entablature are Grecian Doric, and copied from the 
Temple of Minerva, commonly called the Parthenon, which was erected 
in Athens about 500 years before Christ. An octagon tower surrounds the 
rotunda, which is ornamented with Grecian cornices, etc., and its dome is 
decorated at top with a similar ornament to that of the Choragic Monu- 
ment of Lysicrates, commonly called the Lanthorn of Demosthenes. 

"The interior of the Capitol is divided into three stories: First, the 
lower story, consisting of ten rooms, eight of which are appropriated as 
offices to the Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Comptroller, each 
having two rooms of the same size — the one containing an area of 649 
square feet, the other 528 square feet — the two committee rooms, each 
containing 200 square feet and four closets: also the rotunda, corridors, 
vestibules, and piazzas, contain an area of 4,370 square feet. The vesti- 
bules are decorated with columns and antae, similar to those of the Ionic 
Temple on the Ilissus, near the Acropolis of Athens. The remainder is 
groined with stone and brick, springing from columns and pilasters of the 
Roman Doric. 

"The second story consists of Senatorial and Representatives' cham- 
bers, the former containing an area of 2,545 and the latter 2,849 square 
feet. Four apartments enter from Senate Chamber, two of which contain 
each an area of 169 square feet, and the other two contain each an area 
of 154 square feet; also, two rooms enter from Representatives' chamber, 
each containing an area of 170 square feet; of two committee rooms, each 
containing an area of 231 square feet; of four presses and the passages, 
stairs, lobbies, and colonnades, containing an area of 3,204 square feet. 

The lobbies and Hall of Representatives have their columns and 
antae of the Octagon Tower of Andronicus Cyrrhestes and the plan of 
the hall is of the formation of the Greek theatre and the columns and 
antae in the Senatorial chamber and rotunda are of the Temple of 



14 North Carolina Manual 



Erectheus, Minerva, Polias, and Pandrosus, in the Acropolis of Athens, 
near the above named Parthenon. 

"Third, or attic story, consists of rooms appropriated to the Supreme 
Court and Library, each containing an area of 693 square feet. Galleries 
of both houses have an area of 1,300 square feet; also two apartments 
entering from Senate gallery, each 169 square feet, of four presses and 
the lobbies' stairs, 988 square feet. These lobbies as well as rotunda, are 
lit with cupolas, and it is proposed to finish the court and library in the 
florid Gothic style." 



State of North Carolina 15 



THE CAPITOL 

by 

Edwin Gill* 

I am the Capitol; upon my copper dome, I wear a crown. If it were gilded, it 
would flash a signal to the sun. This crown is more than decoration. It is a symbol 
of sovereignty. 

When the sun is bright and the arch of heaven is clear, the greenish-blue of 
my dome is bold against the sky. But sometimes, when the sun is veiled, the grey 
of my dome appears to blend with infinity. 

Between 1833 and 1840, I was constructed of stone quarried nearby, which 
time has mellowed. These stones were precision cut and, nicely balanced. The 
traffic of human feet has worn some stones, and, occasionally, I have been roughly 
used. The edges of steps have been broken. But I am hale and hearty and will, of 
course, endure. 

The Court, the Legislature and the Auditor have left me for more modern 
homes. It is rumored that others may go. However, I am assured I shall become 
a shrine. Now what is a shrine? No one seems to know, except they say it has 
something to do with memory and Glory. 

I am complimented that many people are concerned about my condition. 
Questions have been raised. Let me assure one and all that I am solid and sound 
of body. My problems are mostly superficial. 

My roof has leaked a bit, and inquiries should be made into the soundness of 
the timbers that undergird it. Also, at appropriate intervals, my electrical wiring 
should be carefully examined. 

In fairness to the past, a sprinkler system was installed beneath my roof in 
1939, and my exterior was cleaned effectively in 1952. 

But it is well to have the Governor, the Council of State and others concerned 
about my future. It is good to know there are those who care — to have a flutter of 
interest in my behalf. Even the pigeons and squirrels are concerned! 

Some time before the year is out, I am informed, we will dedicate, in an ap- 
propriate ceremony, the receipt from Italy of the figure of Washington carved in 
marble. It is meet and proper in anticipation of this event that I be cleaned, re- 
furnished and made in every way presentable. Incidentally, my architect told me 
that in the original plans I was to have this statue. So, in a sense, I am unfinished 
until it is in place. 



'Mr. Gill is the State Treasurer of North Carolina. The above was ordered spread upon the 
minutes of the Council of State on June 17, 1970. 



16 North Carolina Manual 



There are those who think I should be restored to my former splendor. The 
doctors of history suggest I should be arrayed in the mode of 1840. This, I suppose 
has something to do with my ultimate status as a shrine. 

I favor this restoration. But I doubt that such a project can be completely 
achieved. After all, in recent times, I have become a creature of modern con- 
veniences, such as central heating, inside plumbing and electricity — all unavailable 
in 1840. Whatever is done, my comfort should be considered. Especially, I would 
like to have hot, as well as cold, running water! 

In my bosom laws were made. Through the decades, I have heard the thunders 
of eloquence. I have been amused at the wit and tall tales of statesmen. 

Today my halls are silent. People come and go and look at me, and marvel 
at the stories of the past. They say I am a symbol of all that has been achieved 
within the borders of our State. So be it. I am a symbol. 



State of North Carolina 17 



THE LEGISLATIVE BUILDING 

The need for larger quarters for legislators and their respective staffs, and 
the growth of services provided by the legislative branch of government led the 
General Assembly of 1959 to appropriate funds for the formation of a Building 
Commission for the construction of a new building for the Legislature. A statute 
creating such a commission was ratified on June 12, 1959. It was to "consist of 
two persons who have served in the State Senate, appointed by the President of 
the Senate; two persons who have served in the House of Representatives, appoint- 
ed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and three persons appointed 
by the Governor." 

Lieutenant Governor Luther E. Barnhardt, President of the Senate, appointed 
Archie K. Davis and Robert F. Morgan, who was elected Vice-chairman of the 
Commission; Speaker of the House Addison Hewlett appointed B. I. Satterfield 
and Thomas J. White, who was elected Chairman of the Commission ; and Governor 
Hodges appointed A. E. Finley, Edwin Gill, and Oliver R. Rowe. In addition to 
these members, Paul A. Johnston, Director of the Department of Administration, 
was elected Executive Secretary. The Commission elected Frank B. Turner, State 
Property Officer as Executive Secretary upon the resignation of Mr. Johnson. 

The Commission selected Edward Durell Stone of New York with John S. 
Holloway and Ralph B. Reeves, Jr., Associated as the architectural consultants. 

After a thorough study by the Commission, a site for construction was select- 
ed — a 5% acre area one block North of the Capitol. This site, encompassing two 
blocks, is bounded by Jones, Salisbury, Lane and Wilmington Streets. A section 
of Halifax Street between Jones and Lane was closed and made a part of the new 
site. 

Bids on the new building were received in December, 1960 and construction 
began early the following year. The 1961 General Assembly appropriated an ad- 
ditional $1 million for furnishings and equipment. This brought the total ap- 
propriation to $5 x /2 million or $1.24 for each citizen of North Carolina. (This 
figure based on the 1960 census.) 

One of the consulting architects wrote the following description of the new 
building: 

The State Legislative Building, though not an imitation of historic 
classical styles, is classical in character. Rising from a 340 foot wide podi- 
um of North Carolina granite, the building proper is 242 feet square. The 
walls and the columns are of Vermont marble, the latter forming a 
colonnade encompassing the building and reaching 24 feet from the podi- 
um to the roof of the second floor. 

Inset in the south podium floor, at the main entrance, is a 28 foot 
diameter terrazzo mosaic of the Great Seal of the State. From the first 
floor main entrance (at Jones Street) the carpeted 22 foot wide main 
stair extends directly to the third floor and the public galleries of the 
Senate and House, the auditorium, the display area, and the roof gardens. 



State of North Carolina 19 



The four garden courts are located at the corners of the building. 
These courts contain tropical plants, and three have pools, fountains, and 
hanging planters. The main floor areas of tl e courts are located in the 
first floor, and messanines overlook the courts from the second floor. The 
skylights which provide natural lighting are located within the roof gar- 
dens overhead. The courts provide access to committee rooms in the first 
floor, the legislative chambers in the second floor, and Lo members' offices 
in both floors. 

The Senate and House chambers, each 5,180 square feet in area, 
occupy the east and west wings of the second floor. Following the tradi- 
tional relationship of the two chambers in the Capitol, the two spaces 
are divided by the rotunda ; and when the main brass doors are open, 
the two presiding officers face one another. Each pair of brass doors 
weigh 1,500 pounds. 

The five pyramidal roofs covering the Senate and House chambers, 
the auditorium, the main stair, and the rotunda are sheathed with copper, 
as is the Capitol. The pyramidal shape of the roofs is visible in the point- 
ed ceilings inside. The structural ribs form a coffered ceiling; and inside 
the coffered patterns, concentric patterns are outlined in gold. In each 
chamber, the distance from the floor to the peak of the ceiling is 45 feet. 

Chandeliers in the chambers and main stair are 8 feet in diameter and 
weigh 625 pounds each. The 12 foot diameter chandelier of the rotunda, 
like the others, is of brass, but its weight is 750 pounds. 

Because of the interior environment, the garden courts and rotunda 
have tropical plants and trees. Outside, however, the shrubs and trees 
are of an indigenous type. Among the trees in the grounds, on the roof 
areas are sugar maples, dogwoods, crabapples, magnolias, crepe myrtles, 
and pines. 

Throughout the building, the same color scheme is maintained: Wal- 
nut, white, gold and red, with green foliage. In general, all wood is 
American walnut, metal is brass or other gold colored material, carpets 
are red, and upholstery is gold or black. 

The enclosed area consists of 206,000 square feet of floor area with a 
volume of 3,210,000 cubic feet. Heating equipment pro /ides over 7,000,000 
B.T.U. per hour; and the cooling equipment has a capacity of 620 tons. 
For lighting, motors, and other electrical equipment, the building has a 
connected service load of over 2,000,000 watts. 



State of North Carolina 21 

THE GREAT SEAL OF THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 

The Constitution of North Carolina, Article III, section 16, requires that 

There shall be a seal of the State which shall be kept by the Governor, 
and used by him as occasion may require, and shall be called "The Great 
Seal of the State of North Carolina." All grants and Commissions shall 
be issued in the name and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, 
sealed with "The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina," and signed 
by the Governor. 

The use of a Great Seal for the attestation of important documents began 
with the institution of government in North Carolina. Throughout the colonial 
period and continuing after statehood, a Great Seal was used, as many as nine 
different seals at various times during these periods. 

Prior to the 1971 General Assembly great liberty was taken in background 
design on the official State Seal. Different seals contained ships of various sizes 
or mountains with grain fields or mountains with shore lines and ocean. In an 
effort to "Provide a Standard for the Great Seal of the State of North Carolina" 
the 1971 General Assembly amended G.S. 147-26 to read: 

The Governor shall procure for the State a seal, which shall be called 
the great seal of the State of North Carolina, and shall be two and one- 
quarter inches in diameter, and its design shall be a representation of the 
figures of Liberty and Plenty, looking toward each other, but not more 
than half-fronting each other and otherwise disposed as follows : Liberty, 
the first figure, standing, her pole with cap on it in her left hand and a 
scroll with the word 'Constitution' inscribed thereon in her right hand. 
Plenty, the second figure, sitting down, her right arm half extended 
toward Liberty, three heads of grain in her right hand, and in her left, the 
small end of her horn, the mouth of which is resting at her feet, and the 
contents of the horn rolling out. 

The background on the seal shall contain a depiction of mountains 
running from left to right to the middle of the seal and an ocean running 
from right to left to the middle of the seal. A side view of a three-masted 
ship shall be located on the ocean and to the right of Plenty. The date 
'May 20, 1775' shall appear within the seal and across the top of the seal 
and the words 'esse quam videri' shall appear at the bottom around the 
perimeter. The words 'THE GREAT SEAL of the STATE of NORTH 
CAROLINA' shall appear around the perimeter. No other words, figures 
or other embellishments shall appear on the seal. 

It shall be the duty of the Governor to file in the office of Secretary of 
State an impression of the great seal, certified to under his hand and 
attested by the Secretary of the State, which impression so certified the 
Secretary of State shall carefully preserve among the records of his office. 
(Rev., s. 5339; Code ss. 3328, 3329; 1868-9, c. 270, s. 35; 1883, c. 392; 
1893, c. 145; 1971, c. 167.) 



State of North Carolina 23 

THE STATE FLAG 

The flags of most states consist of the coat of arms of that state placed upon 
a suitable background. According to early accounts, this was the situation with 
the first flag of North Carolina, although there are no pictures or remnants of 
this flag to verify these accounts. It was not until 1861 at the Secession Con- 
vention that legislation was first passed creating an official State flag. On June 
22, 1861 the following was enacted into law: 

Be ordained by this Convention, and it is hereby ordained by the 
authority of the same, That the Flag of North Carolina shall consist of a 
red field with a white star in the centre, and with the inscription, above 
the star, in a semi-circular form, of "May 20th, 1775" and below the star, 
in a semi-circular form, of "May 20th, 1861." That there shall be two 
bars of equal width, and the length of the field shall be equal to the bar, 
the width of the field being equal to both bars; the first bar shall be blue, 
and the second shall be white; and the length of the flag shall be one- 
third more than its width. 

The flag of the above description remained the official State Flag until 1885 
when the general assembly passed the following: 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact : 

Section 1. That the flag of North Carolina shall consist of a blue 
union, containing in the center thereof a white star with the letter N in 
gilt on the left and the letter C in gilt on the right of said star, the circle 
containing the same to be one-third the width of the union. 

Sec. 2. That the fly of the flag shall consist of two equally proportion- 
ed bars ; the upper bar to be red, the lower bar to be white ; that the 
length of the bars horizontally shall be equal to the perpendicular length 
of the union, and the total length of the flag shall be one-third more than 
its width. 

Sec. 3. That above the star in the center of the union there shall be a gilt 
scroll in semicircular form, containing in black letters this inscription: 
"May 20th, 1775," and that below the star there shall be a similar scroll 
containing in black letters the inscription : "April 12th, 1776." 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 9th day of March, 
A.D., 1885. 

No change has been made in the flag since the passage of this act. By an act 
of 1907 it is provided: 

That the board of trustees or managers of the several State institu- 
tions and public buildings shall provide a North Carolina flag, of such 
dimensions and materials as they may deem best, and the same shall be 
displayed from a staff upon the top ox each and every such building at all 
times except during inclement weather, and upon the death of any State 
officer or any prominent citizen the Flag shall be put a half-mast until the 
burial of such person shall have taken place. 

"That the Board of County Commissioners of the several counties in 
this State shall likewise authorize the procuring of a North Carolina 
flag, to be displayed either on a staff upon the top, or draped behind the 
Judge's stand, in each and every courthouse in the State, and that the 
State flag shall be displayed at each and every term of court held, and on 
such other public occasions as the Commissioners may deem proper. 
(Rev., s. 5321; 1885 c. 291; 1907, c. 838.) 



State of North Carolina 25 



NAME OF STATE AND NICKNAMES 

In 1629 King Charles the First of England "erected into a province," all the 
land from Albemarle Sound on the north to the St. John's River on the south, 
which he directed should be called Carolina. The word Carolina is from the word 
Carolus, the Latin form of Charles. 

When Carolina was divided in 1710, the southern part was called South Caro- 
lina and the northern or older settlement was called North Carolina, or the "Old 
North State." Historians had recorded the fact that the principal products of 
this State were "tar, pitch and turpentine." It was during one of the fiercest 
battles of the War Between the States, so the story goes, that the column support- 
ing the North Carolina troops was driven from the field. After the battle the 
North Carolinians, who had successfully fought it out alone, were greeted from 
the passing derelict regiment with the question: "Any more tar down in the Old 
North State, boys?" Quick as a flash came the answer: "No; not a bit; old Jeff's 
bought it all up." "Is that so; what is he going to do with it?" was asked. "He 
is going to put it on you-uns heels to make you stick better in the next fight." 
Creecy relates that General Lee, hearing of the incident, said: "God bless the 
Tar Heel boys," and from that they took the name. — Adapted from Grandfather 
Tales of North Carolina by R. B. Creecy and Histories of North Carolina Regi- 
ments, Vol. Ill, by Walter Clark. 

THE STATE MOTTO 

The General Assembly of 1893 (chapter 145) adopted the words "Esse Quam 
Videri" as the State's motto and directed that these words with the date "20 May, 
1775," should be placed with our Coat of Arms upon the Great Seal of the State. 

The words "Esse Quam Videri" mean "to be rather than to seem." Nearly 
every State has adopted a motto, generally in Latin. The reason for their mottoes 
being in Latin is that the Latin tongue is far more condensed and terse than the 
English. The three words, "Esse Quam Videri," require at least six English 
words to express the same idea. 

Curiosity has been aroused to learn the origin of our State motto. It is found 
in Cicero in his essay on Friendship (Cicero de Amicitia, Chap. 26) 

It is a little singular that until the act of 1893 the sovereign State of North 
Carolina had no motto since its declaration of independence. It was one of the 
very few states which did not have a motto and the only one of the original 
thirteen without one. (Rev., s 5320; 1893, c. 145; G. S. 144-2.) 

THE STATE COLORS 

The General Assembly of 1945 declared Red and Blue of shades appearing in 
the North Carolina State Flag and the American Flag as the official State Colors. 
(Session Laws, 1945, c. 878.) 



State of North Carolina 27 



THE STATE BIRD 

By popular choice the Cardinal was selected for adoption as our State Bird 
as of March 4, 1943. (Session Laws, 1943 c. 595; G. S. 145-2.) 

This bird is sometimes called the Winter Redbird because it is most con- 
spicuous in winter and is the only "redbird" present at that season. It is an all 
year round resident and one of the commonest birds in our gardens and thickets. 
It in about the size of a Catbird with a longer tail, red all over, except that the 
throat and region around the bill is black; the head is conspicuously crested and 
the large stout bill is red; the female is much duller — the red being mostly con- 
finei to the crest, wings and tail. There are no seasonal changes in the plumage. 

The Cardinal is a fine singer, and what is unusual among birds the female 
is said to sing as well as the male, which latter sex usually has a monopoly of 
that art in the feathered throngs. 

The nest is rather an untidy affair built of weed stems, grass and similar 
materials in a low shrub, small tree or bunch of briars, usually not over four feet 
above the ground. The usual number of eggs to a set is three in this State, usually 
four further North. Possibly the Cardinal raises an extra brood down here to 
make up the difference, or possibly he can keep up his normal population more 
easily here through not having to face inclement winters of the colder North. A 
conspicuous bird faces more hazards. 

The Cardinal is by nature a seed eater, but he does not dislike small fruits 
and insects. 

THE STATE FLOWER 

The General Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the State flower. 
(Public Laws, 1941, c. 289; G. S. 145-1.) 

The Dogwood is one of the most prevalent trees in our State and can be 
found in all parts of the State from the mountains to the coast. Its blossoms 
which appear in early spring and continue on into summer, are most often found 
in white, although shades of pink are not uncommon. 

THE STATE INSECT 

The General Assembly of 1973 designated the Honey Bee as the official State 
Insect. (Session Laws, 1973, c. 55) 

This industrious creature is responsible for the production of more than $2 
million worth of honey in the state each year. However, its greatest value results 
from the pollination of North Carolina crops which is estimated to be worth nearly 
$50 million annually. 



State of North Carolina 29 



THE STATE TREE 

The pine was officially designated as the State tree by the General Assembly 
of 1963. (Session Laws, 1963, c. 41). 

This choice was not unexpected as the pine is the most common of the trees 
found in North Carolina, as well as the most important one in the history of our 
State. During the Colonial and early Statehood periods, the pine was a vital part 
of the economy of North Carolina. From it came many of the "naval stores"' — 
resin, turpentine, and timber — which was needed by merchants and the navy for 
their ships. It has continued to provide North Carolina with a supply of pro- 
ducts. 



THE STATE MAMMAL 

The General Assembly of 1969 designated the Gray Squirrel as the official 
State Mammal. (Session Laws, 1969 c. 1207; G. S. 145-5.) 

The gray squirrel is a common inhabitant of most areas of North Carolina 
from "the swamps of eastern North Carolina to the upland hardwood forests of 
the piedmont and western counties." He feels more at home in an "untouched 
wilderness" environment, although a large portion of their population inhabit 
our city parks and suburbs. During the fall and winter months the gray squirrel 
survives on a diet of hardwoods, with acorns providing carbohydrates and other 
nuts protein. In the spring and summer their diet consists of "new growth and 
fruits" supplemented by early corn, peanuts and insects. 






*f 










^ 




State of North Carolina 31 



THE STATE SHELL 

The General Assembly of 1965 designated the Scotch Bonnet (pronounced 
bonay) as the State Shell. (Sessioyi Laws, 1965, c. 681.) 

A colorful and beautifully shaped shell, the Scotch Bonnet is abundant in 
North Carolina coastal waters between 500 and 200 feet deep. The best source of 
live specimens is from offshore commercial fishermen. 



THE STATE SALT WATER FISH 

The General Assembly of 1971 designated the Channel Bass (Red Drum) as 

the official State Salt Water Fish. (Session Laws, 1971, c. 274; G.S. 145-6) 

Channel Bass usually occur in great supply along the Tar Heel coastal 
waters and have been found to weigh up to 75 pounds although most large ones 
average between 30 and 40 pounds. 



State of North Carolina 33 



THE STATE PRECIOUS STONE 

The General Assembly of 1973 designated the emerald as the official State 
precious stone. (Session Laws, 1973, c. 136.) 

A greater variety of minerals, more than 300, have been found in North Caro- 
lina than any other state. 

These include some of the most valuable and unique gems in the world. The 
largest Emerald in North Carolina (pictured on the opposite page) is a 1,438- 
carat specimen found at Hiddenite, near Statesville. Also, the "Carolina Em- 
erald," now owned by Tiffany & Company of New York was found at Hiddenite in 
1970. When cut to 13.14 carats, the stone was valued at $100,000 and became the 
largest and finest cut emerald on this continent. 



THE STATE TOAST* 

Officially adopted as the toast of North Carolina by the General Assembly of 
1957. (Session Laws, 1957, c. 777.) 

Here's to the land of the long leaf pine, 

The summer land where the sun doth shine, 

Where the weak grow strong and the strong grow great, 

Here's to "Down Home," the Old North State! 

Here's to the land of the cotton bloom white, 
Where the scuppernong perfumes the breeze at night, 
Where the soft southern moss and jessamine mate, 
'Neath the murmuring pines of the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where the galax grows, 
Where the rhodoendron's rosette glows, 
Where soars Mount Mitchell's summit great, 
In the "Land of the Sky," in the Old North State! 

Here's to the land where maidens are fair, 
Where friends are true and cold hearts rare, 
The near land, the dear land whatever fate, 
The blest land, the best land, the Old North State! 



'Composed in 1904 by Leonora Martin and Mary Burke Kerr. 



34 



North Carolina Manual 



THE STATE SONG 

The song known as "The Old North State" was adopted as the official song of 
the State of North Carolina by the General Assembly of 1927. (Public Laws, 1927, 
c. 26; G.S. 149-1). 



THE OLD NORTH STATE 



(Traditional air as sung in 1928) 



William Gastow 

With spirit 



Collected and abbanqbb 
bt Mes. E. E. Randolph 




E=g 



tefc 



* 



2=2^ 



I 



1. Car - o - li - na! Car 

2. Tho' she en - vies not 

3. Then let all those who 



li - na! heav-en's bless-ings at - tend her, 
oth - ers, their mer - it - ed glo • ry, 
love us, love the land that we live m, 







r — u 1^ T 






-&V- 



:tet 



r 



-Z=& 






£5 






While we live we will cher - ish, pro - tect and de- fend her, Tho' the 
Say whose name stands the fore - most, in lib • er - ty's sto • ry, Tho' too 

As hap • py a re - gion as on this side of heav-en, Where 




^=^ 



*3 



t— n- 



-dt 



Sr= 






dS 



-«i^* 



:s=-n 



m 



scorn - er -nay sneer at and wit - lings de - fame her, Still our hearts swell with 
true to her - self e'er to crouch to op -pres-sion,Who can yield to just 
plen - ty and peace, love and joy smile be - fore us, Raise a-loud, rais; to- 




:tfc 



[ £5=* 



Chorus 



glad - ness when ev • er we name her. 

rule a more loy • al sub-mis-sion. Hur • rahl 

geth - er the heart thrill - ing cho-rus. 

s:^r* — * — «— r*~ - ■- * >- .P " 



Hur - rahl the 




State of North Carolina 35 

THE HALIFAX RESOLUTION 

"The Select Committee taking into Consideration the usurpations and violences 
attempted and committed by the King and Parliament of Britain against 
America, and the further Measures to be taken for frustrating the same, and for 
the better defence of this province reported as follows, to wit, 

"It appears to your Committee that pursuant to the Plan concerted by the 
British Ministry for subjugating America, the King and Parliament of Great 
Britain have usurped a Power over the Persons and Properties of the People un- 
limited and uncontrouled ; and disregarding their humble Petitions for Peace, 
Liberty and safety, have made divers Legislative Acts, denouncing War Famine 
and every Species of Calamity against the Continent in General. That British 
Fleets and Armies have been and still are daily employed in destroying the People 
and commiting the most horrid devastations on the Country. That Governors in 
different Colonies have declared Protection to Slaves who should imbrue their 
Hands in the Blood of their Masters. That the Ships belonging to America are 
declared prizes of War and many of them have been violently seized and confiscated 
in consequence of which multitudes of the people have been destroyed or from 
easy Circumstances reduced to the most Lamentable distress. 

"And whereas the moderation hitherto manifested by the United Colonies and 
their sincere desire to be reconciled to the mother Country on Constitutional Prin- 
ciples, have procured no mitigation of the aforesaid Wrongs and usurpations and 
no hopes remain of obtaining redress by those Means alone which have been 
hitherto tried, Your Committee are of Opinion that the house should enter into 
the following Resolve, to wit 

"Resolved that the delegates for this Colony in the Continental Congress be 
impowered to concur with the delegates of the other Colonies in declaring Inde- 
pendency, and forming foreign Alliances, resolving to this Colony the Sole, and 
Exclusive right of forming a Constitution and Laws for this Colony, and of ap- 
pointing delegates from time to time (under the direction of a general Representa- 
tion thereof) to meet the delegates of the other Colonies for such purposes as 
shall be hereafter pointed out." 



36 



North Carolina Manual 



THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION OF 20TH MAY, 1775* 

NAMES OF THE DELEGATES PRESENT 



Col. Thomas Polk 
Ephriam Brevard 
Hezekiah J. Balch 
John Phifer 
James Harris 
William Kennon 
John Ford 
Richard Barry 
Henry Downs 



Ezra Alexander 
William Graham 
John Quary 
Abraham Alexander 
John McKnitt Alexander 
Hezekiah Alexander 
Adam Alexander 
Charles Alexander 
Zacheus Wilson, Sen. 



Waightstill Avery 
Benjamin Patton 
Mathew McClure 
Neil Morrison 
Robert Irwin 
John Flenniken 
David Reese 
Richard Harris, Sen. 



OFFICERS 

Abraham Alexander, Chairman 
John McKnitt Alexander, Clerk 

The following resolutions were presented : 

1. Resolved. That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted or in any 
way form or manner contenanced the unchartered and dangerous in- 
vasion of our rights as claimed by Great Britain is an enemy to this coun- 
tory, to America, and to the inherent and inalienable rights of man. 

2. Resolved. That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do hereby 
dissolve the political bonds which have connected us to the mother coun- 
try and hereby absolve ourselves from all allegiance to the British 
Crown and abjure all political connection contract or association with that 
nation who have wantonly trampled on our rights and liberties and in- 
humanly shed the blood of American patriots at Lexington. 

3. Resolved. That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and independent 
people, are, and of right ought to be a sovereign and self-governing as- 
sociation under the control of no power other than that of our God and the 
General Government of the Congress to the maintenance of which inde- 
pendence we solemnly pledge to each other our mutual cooperation, our 
lives, our fortunes, and our most sacred honor. 

4. Resolvced, That as we now acknowledge the existence and control of 
no law or legal officer, civil or military within this County, we do hereby 
ordain and adopt as a rule of life all, each and every of our former laws — 
wherein nevertheless the Crown of Great Britain never can be considered 
as holding rights, privileges, immunities, or authority therein. 

5. Resolved, That it is further decreed that all, each and every Military 
Officer in this County is hereby reinstated in his former command and 
authority, he acting conformably to these regulations. And that every 
member present of this delegation shall henceforth be a civil officer, viz., 
a justice of the peace, in the character of a "committee man" to issue 
process, hear and determine all matters of controversy according to said 
adopted laws and to preserve peace, union and harmony in said county, 
and to use every exertion to spread the love of Country and fire of free- 
dom throughout America, until a more general and organized government 
be established in this Province. 



*This document is found in Vol. IX, pages, 1263-65 of the Colonial Records of North Carolina; 
however, the authenticity of the declaration has become a source of controversy among historians. 



State of North Carolina 37 

CONSTITUTION 

of the 
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 



PREAMBLE 

We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Almighty God, the 
Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preservation of the American Union and the 
existence of our civil, political and religious liberties, and acknowledging our 
dependence upon Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our pos- 
terity, do for the more certain security thereof and for the better government of 
this State, ordain and establish this Constitution. 

ARTICLE I 

Declaration of Rights 

That the great, general and essential principles of liberty and free govern- 
ment may be recognized and established, and that the relations of this State to the 
Union and government of the United States and those of the people of this State 
to the rest of the American people may be denned and affirmed, we do declare that: 

Section 1. The equality and rights of persons. We hold it to be self-evident 
that all persons are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, the enjoyment of the 
fruits of their own labor, and the pursuit of happiness. 

Sec. 2. Sovereignty of the people. All political power is vested in and derived 
from the people; all government of right originates from the people, is founded 
upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole. 

Sec. 3. Internal government of the State. The people of this State have the 
inherent, sole, and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and 
police thereof, and of altering or abolishing their Constitution and form of govern- 
ment whenever it may be necessary to their safety and happiness; but every such 
right shall be exercised in pursuance of law and consistently with the Constitution 
of the United States. 

Sec. 4. Secession prohibited. This State shall ever remain a member of the 
American Union; the people thereof are part of the American nation; there is no 
right on the part of this State to secede; and all attempts, from whatever source 
or upon whatever pretext, to dissolve this Union or to sever this Nation, shall be 
resisted with the whole power of the State. 

Sec. 5. Allegiance to the United States. Every citizen of this State owes 
paramount allegiance to the Constitution and government of the United States, 



38 North Carolina Manual 



and no law or ordinance of the State in contravention or subversion thereof can 
have any binding force. 

Sec. G. Separation of powers. The legislative, executive, and supreme judicial 
powers of the State government shall be forever separate and distinct from each 
other. 

Sec. 7. Suspending hues. All power of suspending laws or the execution of 
laws by any authority, without the consent of the representatives of the people, is 
injurious to their rights and shall not be exercised. 

Sec. 8. Representation and taxation. The people of this State shall not be 
taxed or made subject to the payment of any impost or duty without the consent of 
themselves or their representatives in the General Assembly, freely given. 

Sec. 9. Frequent elections. For redress of grievances and for amending and 
strengthening the laws, elections shall be often held. 

Sec. 10. Free elections. All elections shall be free. 

Sec. 11. Property qualifications. As political rights and privileges are not 
dependent upon or modified by property, no property qualification shall affect the 
right to vote or hold office. 

Sec. 12. Right of assembly and petition. The people have a right to assemble 
together to consult for their common good, to instruct their representatives, and to 
apply to the General Assembly for redress of grievances ; but secret political socie- 
ties are dangerous to the liberties of a free people and shall not be tolerated. 

Sec. 13. Religious liberty. All persons have a natural and inalienable right to 
worship Almighty God according to the desires of their own consciences, and no 
human authority shall, in any case whatever control or interfere with the rights 
of conscience. 

Sec. 14. Freedom of speech and press. Freedom of speech and of the press 
are two of the great bulwarks of liberty and therefore shall never be restrained, 
but every person shall be held responsible for their abuse. 

Sec. 15. Education. The people have a right to the privilege of education, and 
it is the duty of the State to guard and maintain that right. 

Sec. 16. Ex post facto laws. Retrospective laws, punishing acts committed 
before the existence of such laws and by them only declared criminal, are oppres- 
sive, unjust, and incompatible with liberty, and therefore no ex post facto law 
shall be enacted. No law taxing retrospectively sales, purchases, or other acts 
previously done shall be enacted. 

Sec. 17. Slavery and involuntary servitude. Slavery is forever prohibited. 
Involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the parties have 
been adjudged guilty, is forever prohibited. 

Sec. 18. Courts shall be open. All courts shall be open; every person for an 
injury done him in his lands, goods, person, or reputation shall have remedy by 



State of North Carolina 39 



due course of law; and right and justice shall be administered without favor, 
denial, or delay. 

Sec. 19. Law of the land; equal protection of the laws. No person shall be 
taken, imprisoned, or disseized of his freehold, liberties, or privileges, or outlawed, 
or exiled, or in any manner deprived of his life, liberty, or property, but by the law 
of the land. No person shall be denied the equal protection of the laws ; nor shall 
any person be subjected to discrimination by the State because of race, color, re- 
ligion, or national origin. 

Sec. 20. General warrants. General warrants, whereby any officer or other 
person may be commanded to search suspected places without evidence of the act 
committed, or to seize any person or persons not named, whose offense is not par- 
ticularly described and supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty and shall 
not be granted. 

Sec. 21. Inquiry into restraints on liberty. Every person restrained of his 
liberty is entitled to a remedy to inquire into the lawfulness thereof, and to remove 
the restraint if unlawful, and that remedy shall not be denied or delayed. The 
privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended. 

Sec. 22. Modes of prosecution. Except in misdemeanor cases initiated in the 
District Court Division, no person shall be put to answer any criminal charge but 
by indictment, presentment, or impeachment. But any person, when represented 
by counsel, may, under such regulations as the General Assembly shall prescribe, 
waive indictment in noncapital cases. 

Sec. 23. Rights of accused. In all criminal prosecutions, every person charged 
with crime has the right to be informed of the accusation and to confront the ac- 
cusers and witnesses with other testimony, and to have counsel for defense, and 
not be compelled to give self -incriminating evidence, or to pay costs, jail fees, or 
necessary witness fees of the defense, unless found guilty. 

Sec. 24. Right of jury trial in criminal cases. No person shall be convicted 
of any crime but by the unanimous verdict of a jury in open court. The General 
Assembly may, however, provide for other means of trial for misdemeanors, with 
the right of appeal for trial de novo. 

Sec. 25. Right of jury trial in civil cases. In all controversies at law respect- 
ing property, the ancient mode of trial by jury is one of the best securities of the 
rights of the people, and shall remain sacred and inviolable. 

Sec. 26. Jury service. No person shall be excluded from jury service on ac- 
count of sex, race, color, religion, or national origin. 

Sec. 27. Bail, fines, and punishments. Excessive bail shall not be required, 
nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments inflicted. 

Sec. 28. Imprisonment for debt. There shall be no imprisonment for debt in 
this State, except in cases of fraud. 

Sec. 29. Treason against the State. Treason against the State shall consist 
only of levying war against it or adhering to its enemies by giving them aid and 



40 North Carolina Manual 



comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two 
witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. No conviction of 
treason or attainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture. 

Sec. 30. Militia and the right to bear arms. A well regulated militia being 
necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed; and, as standing armies in time of peace are dan- 
gerous to liberty, they shall not be maintained, and the military shall be kept 
under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. Nothing herein 
shall justify the practice of carrying concealed weapons, or prevent the General 
Assembly from enacting statutes against that practice. 

Sec. 31. Quartering of soldiers. No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered 
in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a manner 
prescribed by law. 

Sec. 32. Exclusive emoluments. No person or set of persons is entitled to ex- 
clusive or separate emoluments or privileges from the community but in considera- 
tion of public services. 

Sec. 33. Hereditary emoluments and honors. No hereditary emoluments, priv- 
ileges, or honors shall be granted or conferred in this State. 

Sec. 34. Perpetuities and monopolies. Perpetuities and monopolies are con- 
trary to the genius of a free state and shall not be allowed. 

Sec. 35. Recurrence to fundamental principals. A frequent recurrence to 
fundamental principles is absolutely necessary to preserve the blessings of liberty. 

Sec. 36. Other rights of the people. The enumeration of rights in this Article 
shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 



ARTICLE II 

Legislative 

Section 1. Legislative power. The legislative power of the State shall be vested 
in the General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Repre- 
sentatives. 

Sec. 2. Number of Senators. The Senate shall be composed of 50 Senators, 
biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 3. Senate districts; apportionment of Senators. The Senators shall be 
elected from districts. The General Assembly, at the first regular session conven- 
ing after the return of every decennial census of population taken by order of 
Congress, shall revise the senate districts and the apportionment of Senators 
among those districts, subject to the following requirements: 

(1) Each Senator shall represent, as nearly as may be, an equal number of 
inhabitants, the number of inhabitants that each Senator represents being de- 



State of North Carolina 41 



Sec. 11. Sessions. 



(1) Regular Sessions. The General Assembly shall meet in regular session in 
1973 and every two years thereafter on the day prescribed by law. Neither house 
shall proceed upon public business unless a majority of all of its members are 
actually present. 

(2) Extra sessions on legislative call. The President of the Senate and the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives shall convene the General Assembly in 
extra session by their joint proclamation upon receipt by the President of the 
Senate of written requests therefor signed by three-fifths of all the members of 
the Senate and upon receipt by the Speaker of the House of Representatives of 
written requests therefor signed by three-fifths of all the members of the House 
of Representatives. 

Sec. 12. Oath of members. Each member of the General Assembly, before 
taking his seat, shall take an oath or affirmation that he will support the Con- 
stitution and laws of the United States and the Constitution of the State of North 
Carolina, and will faithfully discharge his duty as a member of the Senate or 
House of Representatives. 

Sec. 13. President of the Senate. The Lieutenant Governor shall be Presi- 
dent of the Senate and shall preside over the Senate, but shall have no vote unless 
the Senate is equally divided. 

Sec. 14. Other officers of the Senate. 

(1) President Pro Tempore - succession to presidency. The Senate shall elect 
from its membership a President Pro Tempore, who shall become President of the 
Senate upon the failure of the Lieutenant Governor-elect to qualify, or upon suc- 
cession by the Lieutenant Governor to the office of Governor, or upon the death, 
resignation, or removal from office of the President of the Senate, and who shall 
serve until the expiration of his term of office as Senator. 

(2) President Pro Tempore - temporary succession. During the physical or 
mental incapacity of the President of the Senate to perform the duties of his office, 
or during the absence of the President of the Senate, the President Pro Tempore 
shall preside over the Senate. 

(3) Other officers. The Senate shall elect its other officers. 

Sec. 15. Officers of the House of Representatives. The House of Representa- 
tives shall elect its Speaker and other officers. 

Sec. 16. Compensation and allowances. The members and officers of the Gen- 
eral Assembly shall receive for their services the compensation and allowances 
prescribed by law. An increase in the compensation or allowances of members 
shall become effective at the beginning of the next regular session of the General 
Assembly following the session at which it was enacted. 

Sec. 17. Journals. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, which 
shall be printed and made public immediately after the adjournment of the General 
Assembly. 



42 North Carolina Manual 

termined for this purpose by dividing' the population of the district that he repre- 
sents by the number of Senators apportioned to that district; 

(2) Each senate district shall at all times consist of contiguous territory; 

(3) No county shall be divided in the formation of a senate district; 

(4) When established, the senate districts and the apportionment of Senators 
shall remain unaltered until the return of another decennial census of population 
taken by order of Congress. 

Sec. 4. Number of Representatives. The House of Representatives shall be 
composed of 120 Representatives, biennially chosen by ballot. 

Sec. 5. Representative districts; apportionment of Representatives. The Rep- 
resentatives shall be elected from districts. The General Assembly, at the first 
regular session convening after the return of every decennial census of population 
taken by order of Congress, shall revise the representative districts and the ap- 
portionment of Representatives among those districts, subject to the following re- 
quirements : 

(1) Each Representative shall represent, as nearly as may be, an equal num- 
ber of inhabitants, the number of inhabitants that each Representative represents 
being determined for this purpose by dividing the population of the district he 
represents by the number of Representatives apportioned to that district; 

(2) Each representative district shall at all times consist of contiguous terri- 
tory; 

(3) No country shall be divided in the formation of a representative district; 

(4) When established, the representative districts and the apportionment of 
Representatives shall remain unaltered until the return of another decennial cen- 
sus of population taken by order of Congress. 

Sec. 6. Qualifications for Senator. Each Senator, at the time of his election, 
shall be not less than 25 years of age, shall be a qualified voter of the State, and 
shall have resided in the State as a citizen for two years and in the district for 
which he is chosen for one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 7. Qualifications for Representative. Each Representative, at the time 
of his election, shall be a qualified voter of the State and shall have resided in the 
district for which he is chosen for one year immediately preceding his election. 

Sec. 8. Elections. The election for members of the General Assembly shall 
be held for the respective districts in 1972 and every two years thereafter, at the 
places and on the day prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. Term of office. The term of office of Senators and Representatives 
shall commence at the time of their election. 

Sec. 10. Vacancies. Every vacancy occurring in the membership of the Gen- 
eral Assembly by reason of death, resignation, or other cause shall be filled in the 
manner prescribed by law. 



State of North Carolina 43 

Sec. 18. Protests. Any member of either house may dissent from and protest 
against any act or resolve which he may think injurious to the public or to any 
individual, and have the reasons of his dissent entered on the journal. 

Sec. 19. Record votes. Upon motion made in either house and seconded by one 
fifth of the members present, the yeas and nays upon any question shall be taken 
and entered upon the journal. 

Sec. 20. Powers of the General Assembly. Each house shall be judge of the 
qualifications and elections of its own members, shall sit upon its own adjournment 
from day to day, and shall prepare bills to be enacted into laws. The two houses 
may jointly adjourn to any future day or other place. Either house may, of its 
own motion, adjourn for a period not in excess of three days. 

Sec. 21. Style of the acts. The style of the acts shall be: "The General As- 
sembly of North Carolina enacts:". 

Sec. 22. Action on bills. All bills and resolutions of a legislative nature shall 
be read three times in each house before they become laws, and shall be signed by 
the presiding officers of both houses. 

Sec. 23. Revenue bills. No law shall be enacted to raise money on the credit 
of the State, or to pledge the faith of the State directly or indirectly for the pay- 
ment of any debt, or to impose any tax upon the people of the State, or to allow 
the counties, cities, or towns to do so, unless the bill for the purpose shall have 
been read three several times in each house of the General Assembly and passed 
three several readings, which readings shall have been on three different days, and 
shall have been agreed to by each house respectively, and unless the yeas and nays 
on the second and third readings of the bill shall have been entered on the journal. 

Sec. 24. Limitations on local, private, and special legislation. 

(1) Prohibited subjects. The General Assembly shall not enact any local, 
private, or special act or resolution : 

(a) Relating to health, sanitation, and the abatement of nuisances; 

(b) Changing the names of cities, towns, and townships; 

(c) Authorizing the laying out, opening, altering, maintaining, or discon- 
tinuing of highways, streets, or alleys; 

(d) Relating to ferries or bridges ; 

(e) Relating to non-navigable streams; 

(f) Relating to cemeteries; 

(g) Relating to the pay of jurors; 

(h) Erecting new townships, or changing township lines, or establishing or 

changing the lines of school districts; 
(i) Remitting fines, penalties, and forfeitures, or refunding moneys legally 

paid into the public treasury; 
(j) Regulating labor, trade, mining, or manufacturing; 
(k) Extending the time for the levy or collection of taxes or otherwise re- 



44 North Carolina Manual 

lieving any collector of taxes from the due performance of his official 
duties or his sureties from liability; 

(1) Giving effect to informal wills and deeds; 

(m) Granting a divorce or securing alimony in any individual case; 

(n) Altering the name of any person, or legitimating any person not born in 
lawful wedlock, or restoring to the rights of citizenship any person con- 
victed of a felony. 

(2) Repeals. Nor shall the General Assembly enact any such local, private, 
or special act by the partial repeal of a general law; but the General Assembly 
may at any time repeal local, private, or special laws enacted by it. 

(3) Prohibited acts void. Any local, private, or special act or resolution en- 
acted in violation of the provisions of this Section shall be void. 

(4) General laivs. The General Assembly may enact general laws regulating 
the matters set out in this Section. 



ARTICLE III 

Executive 

Section 1. Executive power. The executive power of the State shall be vested 
in the Governor. 

Sec. 2. Governor and Lieutenant Governor: election, term, and qualifications. 

(1) Election and term. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor shall be 
elected by the qualified voters of the State in 1972 and every four years thereafter, 
at the same time and places as members of the General Assembly are elected. 
Their term of office shall be four years and shall commence on the first day of 
January next after their election and continue until their successors are elected 
and qualified. 

(2) Qualifications. No person shall be eligible for election to the office of 
Governor or Lieutenant Governor unless, at the time of his election, he shall have 
attained the age of 30 years and shall have been a citizen of the United States for 
five years and a resident of this State for two years immediately preceding his 
election. No person elected to either of these two offices shall be eligible for elec- 
tion to the next succeeding term of the same office. 

Sec. 3. Succession to office of Governor. 

(1) Succession as Governor. The Lieutenant Governor-elect shall become 
Governor upon the failure of the Governor-elect to qualify. The Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor shall become Governor upon the death, resignation, or removal from office 
of the Governor. The further order of succession to the office of Governor shall be 
prescribed by law. A successor shall serve for the remainder of the term of the 
Governor whom he succeeds and until a new Governor is elected and qualified. 

(2) Succession as Acting Governor. During the absence of the Governor from 



State of North Carolina 45 

the State, or during the physical or mental incapacity of the Governor to perform 
the duties of his office, the Lieutenant Governor shall be Acting Governor. The 
further order of succession as Acting Governor shall be prescribed by law. 

(3) Physical incapacity. The Governor may, by a written statement filed 
with the Attorney General, declare that he is physically incapable of performing 
the duties of his office, and may thereafter in the same manner declare that he is 
physically capable of performing the duties of his office. 

(4) Mental incapacity. The mental incapacity of the Governor to perform the 
duties of his office shall be determined only by joint resolution adopted by a vote 
of two-thirds of all the members of each house of the General Assembly. 
Thereafter, the mental capacity of the Governor to perform the duties of his 
office shall be determined only by joint resolution adopted by a vote of a majority 
of all the members of each house of the General Assembly. In all cases, the General 
Assembly shall give the Governor such notice as it may deem proper and shall 
allow him an opportunity to be heard before a joint session of the General Assem- 
bly before it takes final action. When the General Assembly is not in session, the 
Council of State, a majority of its members concurring, may convene it in extra 
session for the purpose of proceeding under this paragraph. 

(5) Impeachment. Removal of the Governor from office for any other cause 
shall be by impeachment. 

Sec. 4. Oath of office for Governor. The Governor, before entering upon the 
duties of his office, shall, before any Justice of the Supreme Court, take an oath 
or affirmation that he will support the Constitution and laws of the United States 
and of the State of North Carolina, and that he will faithfully perform the duties 
pertaining to the office of Governor. 

Sec. 5. Duties of Governor. 

(1) Residence. The Governor shall reside at the seat of government of this 
State. 

(2) Information to General Assembly. The Governor shall from time to time 
give the General Assembly information of the affairs of the State and recommend 
to their consideration such measures as he shall deem expedient. 

(3) Budget. The Governor shall prepare and recommend to the General As- 
sembly a comprehensive budget of the anticipated revenue and proposed expendi- 
tures of the State for the ensuing fiscal period. The budget as enacted by the 
General Assembly shall be administered by the Governor. 

(4) Execution of laws. The Governor shall take care that the laws be faith- 
fully executed. 

(5) Commander in Chief. The Governor shall be Commander in Chief of the 
military forces of the State except when they shall be called into the service of the 
United States. 

(6) Clemency. The Governor may grant reprieves, commutations, and par- 
dons, after conviction, for all offenses (except in cases of impeachment), upon 



46 North Carolina Manual 

such conditions as he may think proper, subject to regulations prescribed by law 
relative to the manner of applying for pardons. The terms reprieves, commuta- 
tions, and pardons shall not include paroles. 

(7) Extra sessions. The Governor may, on extraordinary occasions, by and 
with the advice of the Council of State, convene the General Assembly in extra 
session by his proclamation, stating therein the purpose or purposes for which 
they are thus convened. 

(8) Appointments. The Governor shall nominate and by and with the advice 
and consent of a majority of the Senators appoint all officers whose appointments 
are not otherwise provided for. 

(9) Information. The Governor may at any time require information in 
writing from the head of any administrative department or agency upon any sub- 
ject relating to the duties of his office. 

(10) Administrative reorganization. The General Assembly shall prescribe 
the functions, powers, and duties of the administrative departments and agencies 
of the State and may alter them from time to time, but the Governor may make 
such changes in the allocation of offices and agencies and in the allocation of those 
functions, powers, and duties as he considers necessary for efficient administra- 
tion. If those changes affect existing law, they shall be set forth in executive 
orders, which shall be submitted to the General Assembly not later than the six- 
tieth calendar day of its session, and shall become effective and shall have the 
force of law upon adjournment sine die of the session, unless specifically disap- 
proved by resolution of either house of the General Assembly or specifically modi- 
fied by joint resolution of both houses of the General Assembly. 

Sec. 6. Duties of the Lieutenant Governor. The Lieutenant Governor shall be 
President of the Senate, but shall have no vote unless the Senate is equally divided. 
He shall perform such additional duties as the General Assembly or the Governor 
may assign to him. He shall receive the compensation and allowances prescribed 
by law. 

Sec. 7. Other elective officers. 

(1) Officers. A Secretary of State, an Auditor, a Treasurer, a Superintendent 
of Public Instruction, an Attorney General, a Commissioner of Agriculture, a 
Commissioner of Labor, and a Commissioner of Insurance shall be elected by the 
qualified voters of the State in 1972 and every four years thereafter, at the same 
time and places as members of the General Assembly are elected. Their term of 
office shall be four years and shall commence on the first day of January next 
after their election and continue until their successors are elected and qualified. 

(2) Duties. Their respective duties shall be prescribed by law. 

(3) Vacancies. If the office of any of these officers is vacated by death, resig- 
nation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty of the Governor to appoint another to 
serve until his successor is elected and qualified. Every such vacancy shall be 
filled by election at the first election for members of the General Assembly that 
occurs more than 30 days after the vacancy has taken place, and the person 



State of North Carolina 47 

chosen shall hold the office for the remainder of the unexpired term fixed in this 
Section. When a vacancy occurs in the office of any of the officers named in this 
Section and the term expires on the first day of January succeeding the next 
election for members of the General Assembly, the Governor shall appoint to fill 
the vacancy for the unexpired term of the office. 

(4) Interim officers. Upon the occurrence of a vacancy in the office of any one 
of these officers for any of the causes stated in the preceding paragraph, the Gov- 
ernor may appoint an interim officer to perform the duties of that office until a 
person is appointed or elected pursuant to this Section to fill the vacancy and is 
qualified. 

(5) Acting officers. During the physical or mental incapacity of any one of 
these officers to perform the duties of his office, as determined pursuant to this 
Section, the duties of his office shall be performed by an acting officer who shall be 
appointed by the Governor. 

(6) Determination of incapacity. The General Assembly shall by law pre- 
scribe with respect to those officers, other than the Governor, whose officers are 
created by this Article, procedures for determining the physical or mental in- 
capacity of any officer to perform the duties of his office, and for determining 
whether an officer who has been temporarily incapacitated has sufficiently recover- 
ed his physical or mental capacity to perform the duties of his office. Removal of 
those officers from office for any other cause shall be by impeachment. 

Sec. 8. Council of State. The Council of State shall consist of the officers 
whose offices are established by this Article. 

Sec. 9. Compensation and allowances. The officers whose offices are establish- 
ed by this Article shall at stated periods receive the compensation and allowances 
prescribed by law, which shall not be diminished during the time for which they 
have been chosen. 

Sec. 10. Seal of State. There shall be a seal of the State, which shall be kept 
by the Governor and used by him as occasion may require, and shall be called "The 
Great Seal of the State of North Carolina". All grants are commissions shall be 
issued in the name and by the authority of the State of North Carolina, sealed 
with "The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina", and signed by the Governor. 

Sec. 11. Administrative departments. Not later than July 1, 1975, all ad- 
ministrative departments, agencies, and offices of the State and their respective 
functions, powers, and duties shall be allocated by law among and within not more 
than 25 principal administrative departments so as to group them as far as prac- 
ticable according to major purposes. Regulatory, quasi-judicial, and temporary 
agencies may, but need not, be allocated within a principal department. 



ARTICLE IV 

Judicial 

Section. 1. Judicial power. The judicial power of the State shall, except as 
provided in Section 3 of this Article, be vested in a Court for the Trial of Impeach- 



48 North Carolina Manual 

ments and a General Court of Justice. The General Assembly shall have no power 
to deprive the judicial department of any power or jurisdiction that rightfully per- 
tains to it as a co-ordinate department of the government, nor shall it establish 
or authorize any courts other than as permitted by this Article. 

Sec. 2. General Court of Justice. The General Court of Justice shall con- 
stitute a unified judicial system for purposes of jurisdiction, operation, and admini- 
stration, and shall consist of an Appellate Division, a Superior Court Division, 
and a District Court Division. 

Sec. 3. Judicial powers of administrative agencies. The General Assembly 
may vest in administrative agencies established pursuant to law such judicial 
powers as may be reasonably necessary as an incident to the accomplishment of 
the purposes for which the agencies were created. Appeals from administrative 
agencies shall be to the General Court of Justice. 

Sec. 4. Court for the Trial of Impeachments. The House of Representatives 
solely shall have the power of impeaching. The Court for the Trial of Impeach- 
ments shall be the Senate. When the Governor or Lieutenant Governor is im- 
peached, the Chief Justice shall preside over the Court. A majority of the mem- 
bers shall be necessary to a quorum, and no person shall be convicted without the 
concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators present. Judgment upon conviction 
shall not extend beyond removal from and disqualification to hold office in this 
State, but the party shall be liable to indictment and punishment according to law. 

Sec. 5. Appellate division. The Appellate Division of the General Court of 
Justice shall consist of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals. 

Sec. 6. Supreme Court. 

(1) Membership. The Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and six 
Associate Justices, but the General Assembly may increase the number of As- 
sociate Justices, but the General Assembly may increase the number of Associate 
Justices to not more than eight. In the event the Chief Justice is unable, on ac- 
count of absence or temporary incapacity, to perform any of the duties placed upon 
him, the senior Associate Justice available may discharge those duties. 

(2) Sessions of the Supreme Court. The sessions of the Supreme Court shall 
be held in the City of Raleigh unless otherwise provided by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 7. Court of Appeals. The structure, organization, and composition of 
the Court of Appeals shall be determined by the General Assembly. The Court 
shall have not less than five members, and may be authorized to sit in divisions, 
or other than en banc. Sessions of the Court shall be held at such times and 
places as the General Assembly may prescribe. 

Sec. 8. Retirement of Justices and Judges. The General Assembly shall pro- 
vide by general law for the retirement of Justices and Judges of the General Court 
of Justice, and may provide for the temporary recall of any retired Justice or 
Judge to serve on the court from which he was retired. The General Assembly 
shall also prescribe maximum age limits for service as a Justice or Judge. 



State of North Carolina 49 

Sec. 9. Superior Courts. 

(1) Superior Court districts. The General Assembly shall, from time to time, 
divide the State into a convenient number of Superior Court judicial districts and 
shall provide for the election of one or more Superior Court Judges for each dis- 
trict. Each regular Superior Court Judge shall reside in the district for which 
he is elected. The General Assembly may provide by general law for the selection 
or appointment of special or emergency Superior Court Judges not selected for a 
particular judicial district. 

(2) Open at all times; sessions for trial of cases. The Superior Courts shall 
be open at all times for the transaction of all business except for trial of issues of 
fact requiring a jury. Regular trial sessions of the Superior Court shall be held 
at times fixed pursuant to a calendar of courts promulgated by the Supreme 
Court. At least two sessions for the trial of jury cases shall be held annually in 
each county. 

(3) Clerks. A Clerk of the Superior Court for each county shall be elected 
for a term of four years by the qualified voters thereof, at the same time and 
places as members of the General Assembly are elected. If the office of Clerk of 
the Superior Court becomes vacant otherwise than by the expiration of the term, 
or if the people fail to elect, the senior regular resident Judge of the Superior 
Court serving the county shall appoint to fill the vacancy until an election can be 
regularly held. 

Sec. 10. District Courts. The General Assembly shall, from time to time, 
divide the State into a convenient number of local court districts and shall pre- 
scribe where the District Courts shall sit, but a District Court must sit in at least 
one place in each county. District Judges shall be elected for each district for a 
term of four years, in a manner prescribed by law. When more than one District 
Judge is authorized and elected for a district, the Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court shall designate one of the judges as Chief District Judge. Every District 
Judge shall reside in the district for which he is elected. For each county, the 
senior regular resident Judge of the Superior Court serving the county shall ap- 
point for a term of two years, for nominations submitted by the Clerk of the 
Superior Court of the county, one or more Magistrates who shall be officers of the 
District Court. The number of District Judges and Magistrates shall, from time 
to time, be determined by the General Assembly. Vacancies in the office of District 
Judge shall be filled for the unexpired term in a manner prescribed by law. Vacan- 
cies in the office of Magistrate shall be filled for the unexpired term in the manner 
provided for original appointment to the office. 

Sec. 11. Assignment of Judges. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, 
acting in accordance with rules of the Supreme Court, shall make assignments of 
Judges of the Superior Court and may transfer District Judges from one district 
to another for temporary or specialized duty. The principle of rotating Superior 
Court Judges among the various districts of a division is a salutary one and shall 
be observed. For this purpose the General Assembly may divide the State into a 
number of judicial divisions. Subject to the general supervision of the Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court, assignment of District Judges within each local 
court district shall be made by the Chief District Judge. 



50 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 12. Jurisdiction of the General Court of Justice. 

(1) Supreme Court. The Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction to review 
upon appeal any decision of the courts below, upon any matter of law or legal in- 
ference. The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court over "issues of fact" and "ques- 
tions of fact" shall be the same exercised by it prior to the adoption of this Article, 
and the Court may issue any remedial writs necessary to give it general super- 
vision and control over the proceedings of the other courts. 

(2) Court of Appeals. The Court of Appeals shall have such appellate juris- 
diction as the General Assembly may prescribe. 

(3) Superior Court. Except as otherwise provided by the General Assembly, 
the Superior Court shall have original general jurisdiction throughout the State. 
The Clerks of the Superior Court shall have such jurisdiction and powers as the 
General Assembly shall prescribe by general law uniformly applicable in every 
county of the State. 

(4) District Courts; Magistrates. The General Assembly shall, by general law 
uniformly applicable in every local court district of the State, prescribe the juris- 
diction and powers of the District Courts and Magistrates. 

(5) Waiver. The General Assembly may by general law provide that the 
jurisdictional limits may be waived in civil cases. 

(6) Appeals. The General Assembly shall by general law provide a proper 
system of appeals. Appeals from Magistrates shall be heard de novo, with the 
right of trial by jury as defined in this Constitution and the laws of this State. 

Sec. 13. Forms of action; rules of procedure. 

(1) Forms of Action. There shall be in this State but one form of action for 
the enforce or protection of private rights or the redress of private wrongs, which 
shall be denominated a civil action, and in which there shall be a right to have 
issues of fact tried before a jury. Every action prosecuted by the people of the 
State as a party against a person charged with a public offense, for the punish- 
ment thereof, shall be termed a criminal action. 

(2) Rules of procedure. The Supreme Court shall have exclusive authority 
to make rules of procedure and practice for the Appellate Division. The General 
Assembly may make rules of procedure and practice for the Superior Court and 
District Court Divisions, and the General Assembly may delegate this authority to 
the Supreme Court. No rule of procedure or practice shall abridge substantive 
rights or abrogate or limit the right of trial by jury. If the General Assembly 
should delegate to the Supreme Court the rule-making power, the General Assembly 
may, nevertheless, alter, amend, or repeal any rule of procedure or practice adopt- 
ed by the Supreme Court for the Superior Court or District Court Divisions. 

Sec. 14. Waiver of jury trial. In all issues of fact joined in any court, the 
parties in any civil case may waive the right to have the issues determined by a 
jury, in which case the finding of the judge upon the facts shall have the force 
and effect of a verdict by a jury. 



State of North Carolina 51 

Sec. 15. Administration. The General Assembly shall provide for an ad- 
ministrative office of the courts to carry out the provisions of this Article. 

Sec. 16. Terms of office and election of Justices of the Supreme Court, Judges 
of the Court of Appeals, and Judges of the Superior Court. Justices of the Su- 
preme Court, Judges of the Court of Appeals, and regular Judges of the Superior 
Court shall be elected by the qualified voters and shall hold office for terms of 
eight years and until theirsuccessors are elected and qualified. Justices of the 
Supreme Court and Judges of the Court of Appeals shall be elected by the qualified 
voters of the State. Regular Judges of the Superior Cour may be elected by the 
qualified voters of the State or by th voters of their respective districts, as the 
General Assembly may prescribe. 

Sec. 17. Removal of Judges, Magistrates and Clerks. 

(1) Removal of Judges by the General Assembly. Any Justice or Judge of 
the General Court of Justice may be removed from office for mental or physical 
incapacity by joint resolution of two-thirds of all the members of each house of 
the General Assembly. Any Justice or Judge against whom the General Assembly 
may be about to proceed shall receive notice thereof, accompanied by a copy of the 
causes alleged for his removal, at least 20 days before the day on which either 
house of the General Assembly shall act thereon. Removal from office by the 
General Assembly for any other cause shall be by impeachment. 

(2) Additional method of removal of Judges. The General Assembly shall 
prescribe a procedure, in addition to impeachment and address set forth in this 
Section, for the removal of a Justice or Judge of the General Court of Justice for 
mental or physical incapacity interfering with the performance of his duties 
which is, or is likely to become, permanent, and for the censure and removal of a 
Justice or Judge ofthe General Court of Justice for wilful misconduct in office, 
wilful and persistent failure to perform his duties, habitual intemperance, convic- 
tion of a crime involving moral turpitude, or conduct prejudicial to the administra- 
tion of justice that brings the judical office into disrepute. 

(3) Removal of Magistrates. The General Assembly shall provide by general 
law for the removal of Magistrates for misconduct or mental or physical incapacity. 

(4) Removal of Clerks. Any Clerk of the Superior Court may be removed 
from office for misconduct or mental or physical incapacity by the senior regular 
resident Superior Court Judge serving the county. Any Clerk against whom pro- 
ceedings are instituted shall receive written notice of the charges against him at 
least ten days before the hearing upon the charges. Any Clerk so removed from 
office shall be entitled to an appeal as provided by law. 

Sec. 18. District Attorney and Prosecutorial Districts. 

(1) District Attorneys. The General Assembly shall, from time to time, divide 
the State into a convenient number of solicitorial districts, for each of which a 
District Attorney shall be chosen for a term of four years by the qualified voters 
thereof, at the same time and places as members of the General Assembly are 
elected. The District Attorney shall advise the officers of justice in his district, be 



52 State of North Carolina 

responsible for the prosecution on behalf of the State of all criminal actions in the 
Superior Courts of his district, perform such duties related to appeals therefrom 
as the Attorney General may require, and perform such other duties as the 
General Assembly may prescribe. 

(2) Prosecution in District Court Division. Criminal actions in the District 
Court Division shall be prosecuted in such manner as the General Assembly may 
prescribe by general law uniformly applicable in every local court district of the 
State. 

Sec. 19. Vacancies. Unless otherwise provided in this Article, all vacancies 
occurring in the offices provided for by this Article shall be filled by appointment 
of the Governor, and the appointees shall hold their places until the next election 
for members of the General Assembly that is held more than 30 days after the 
vancancy occurs, when elections shall be held to fill the offices. When the unexpired 
term of any of the offices named in this Article of the Constitution in which a 
vacancy has occurred, and in which it is herein provided that the Governor shall 
fill the vacancy, expires on the first day of January succeeding the next election 
for members of the General Assembly, the Governor shall appoint to fill that 
vacancy for the unexpired term of the office. If any person elected or appointed 
to any of these offices shall fail to qualify, the office shall be appointed to, held, and 
filled as provided in case of vacancies occurring therein. All incumbents of these 
offices shall hold until their successors are qualified. 

Sec. 20. Revenues and expenses of the judicial department. The General 
Assembly shall provide for the establishment of a schedule of court fees and costs 
which shall be uniform throughout the State within each division of the General 
Court of Justice. The operating expenses of the judicial department, other than 
compensation to process servers and other locally paid non-judicial officers, shall 
be paid from State funds. 

Sec. 21. Fees, salaries, and emoluments. The General Assembly shall pre- 
scribe and regulate the fees, salaries, and emoluments of all officers provided for 
in this Article, but the salaries of Judges shall not be diminished during their 
continuance in office. In no case shall the compensation of any Judge or Magistrate 
be dependent upon his decision or upon the collection of costs. 

ARTICLE V 

Finance 

Section 1. Capitation tax. 

(1) Capitation tax limited. The General Assembly may levy a capitation 
tax on every male inhabitant of the State over 21 and under 50 years of age, not 
in excess of two dollars, and cities and towns may levy a capitation tax on persons 
subject to the State tax not in excess of one dollar. No other capitation tax shall 
be levied. The governing boards of the several counties and of the cities and 
towns may exempt from the capitation tax any special cases on account of poverty 
or infirmity. 



State of North Carolina 53 

(2) Proceeds. The proceeds of the State and county capitation tax shall be 
applied to the purposes of education and the support of the poor, but in no fiscal 
year shall more than 25 per cent thereof be appropriated to the latter purpose. 

Sec. 2. State and local taxation. 

(1) Power of taxation. The power of taxation shall be exercised in a just and 
equitable manner, for public purposes only, and shall never be surrendered, su- 
spended, or contracted away. 

(2) Classification. Only the General Assembly shall have the power to classify 
property for taxation, which power shall be exercised only on a State-wide basis. 
No class shall be taxed except by a uniform rule, and every classification shall be 
made by general law uniformly applicable in every county, city and town, and 
other local taxing unit of the State. The General Assembly's power to classify 
property shall not be delegated. 

(3) Exemptions. Property belonging to the State, counties, and municipal 
corporations shall be exempt from taxation. The General Assembly may exempt 
cemeteries and property held for educational, scientific, literary, cultural, charit- 
able, or religious purposes, and, to a value not exceeding $300, any personal 
property. The General Assembly may exempt from taxation not exceeding $1,000 
in value property held and used as the place of residence of the owner. Every 
exemption shall be on a State-wide basis and shall be made by general law uni- 
formly applicable in every county, city and town, and other local taxing unit of 
the State. No taxing authority other than the General Assembly may grant ex- 
emptions, and the General Assembly shall not delegate the powers accorded to it 
by this subsection. 

(4) Twenty-cent limitation. The total of the State and county tax on prop- 
erty shall not exceed 20 cents on the $100 value of property, except when the 
property tax is levied for a special purpose and with the special approval of the 
General Assembly, which may be done by special or general act. This limitation 
shall not apply to taxes levied for the maintenance of the public schools of the 
State. The State tax shall not exceed five cents on the $100 value of property. 

(5) Necessary expense limitation. No tax shall be levied or collected by the 
officers of any county, city or town, or other unit of local government, except for 
the necessary expenses thereof, unless approved by a majority of the qualified 
voters who vote thereon in any election held for the purpose. 

(6) Income tax. The rate of tax on incomes shall not in any case exceed ten 
per cent, and there shall be allowed personal exemptions and deductions so that 
only net incomes are taxed. 

Sec. 3. Limitations upon the increase of State debt. 

(1) Authorized purposes; two-thirds limitation. The General Assembly may 
contract debts and pledge the faith and credit of the State for the following pur- 
poses : 

To fund or refund a valid existing debt; 



54 North Carolina Manual 

To borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes due and payable within 
the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding' 50 percent of such taxes; 

To supply a casual deficit; 

To suppress riots or insurrections, or to repel invasions. 

For any purpose other than these enumerated, the General Assembly shall 
have no power, during any biennium, to contact new debts on behalf of the State 
to an amount in excess of two-thirds of the amount by which the State's outstand- 
ing indebtedness shall have been reduced during the next preceding biennium, 
unless the subject is submitted to a vote of the people of the State. In any election 
held in the State under the provisions of this Section, the proposed indebtedness 
shall be approved by a majority of the qualified voters who vote thereon. 

(2) Gift or loan of credit prohibited. The General Assembly shall have no 
power to give or lend the credit of the State in aid of any person, association, or 
corporation, except a corporation in which the State has a controlling interest, 
unless the subject is submitted to a direct vote of the people of the State and is ap- 
proved by a majority of the qualified voters who vote thereon. 

(3) Certain debts barred. The General Assembly snail never assume or pay 
any debt or obligation, express or implied, incurred in aid of insurrection or re- 
bellion against the United States. Neither shall the General Assembly assume or 
pay any debt or bond incurred or issued by authority of the Convention of 1868, 
the special session of the General Assembly of 1868, or the General Assemblies of 
1868-69 or 1869-70, unless the subject is submitted to the people of the State and 
is approved by a majority of all the qualified voters at a referendum held for that 
sole purpose. 

Sec. 4. Limitations upon the increase of local debt. 

(1) Authorized; purposes; two-thirds limitation. The General Assembly may 
authorize counties, cities and towns, and other units of local government to con- 
tract debts and pledge their faith and credit for the following purposes: 

To fund or refund a valid existing debt; 

To borrow in anticipation of the collection of taxes due and payable within 
the fiscal year to an amount not exceeding 50 per cent of such taxes; 

To supply a casual deficit; 

To suppress riots or insurrections. 

For any purpose other than these enumerated, the General Assembly shall 
have no power to authorize counties, cities and towns, and other units of local 
government to contract debts, and counties, cities and towns, and other units of 
local government shall not contract debts, during any fiscal year, to an amount 
exceeding two-thirds of the amount by which the outstanding indebtedness of the 
particular county, city or town, or other unit of local government shall have been 
reduced during the next preceding fiscal year, unless the subject is submitted to a 
vote of the people of the particular county, city or town, or other unit of local 
government and is approved by a majority of the qualified voters who vote thereon. 



State of North Carolina 55 

(2) Necessary expense limitation. No county, city or town, or other unit of 
local government shall contract any debt, pledge its faith, or lend its credit except 
for the necessary expenses thereof, unless approved by a majority of the qualified 
voters who shall vote thereon in any election held for that purpose. 

(3) Certain debts barred. No county, city or town, or other unit of local 
government shall assume or pay, nor shall any tax be levied or collected for the 
payment of any debt, or the interest upon any debt, contracted directly or in- 
directly in aid on support of rebellion. 

Sec. 5. Acts levying taxes to state objects. Every act of the General Assem- 
bly levying a tax shall state the special object to which it is to be applied, and it 
shall be applied to no other purpose. 

Sec. 6. Inviolability of sinking funds and retirement funds. 

(1) Sinking funds. The General Assembly shall not use or authorize to be 
used any part of the amount of any sinking fund for any purpose other than the 
retirement of the bonds for which the sinking fund has been created. 

(2) Retirement funds. Neither the General Assembly nor any public officer, 
employee, or agency shall use or authorize to be used any part of the funds of the 
Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement system for any purpose other than 
retirement system benefits and purposes, administrative expenses, and refunds; 
except that retirement system funds may be invested as authorized by law, sub- 
ject to the investment limitation that the funds of the Teachers' and State Em- 
ployees' Retirement System shall not be applied, diverted, loaned to, or used by 
the State, any State agency, State officer, public officer, or public employee. 

Sec. 7. Drawing public money. 

(1) State treasury. No money shall be drawn from the State treasury but 
in consequence of appropriations made by law, and an accurate account of the 
receipts and expenditures of State funds shall be annually published. 

(2) Local government treasuries. No money shall be drawn from the treasury 
of any county, city or town, or other unit of local government except by authority 
of law. 



ARTICLE VI 

Suffrage and Eligibility to Office 

Sec. 1. Who may vote. Every person born in the United States and every 
person who has been naturalized, 18 years of age, and possessing the qualifications 
set out in this Article, shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people of the 
State, except as herein otherwise provided. 

Sec. 2. Qualifications of voter. 

(1) Residence period for State elections. Any person who has resided in the 
State of North Carolina for one year and in the precinct, ward, or other election 
district for 30 days next preceding an election, and possesses the other qualifica- 



56 North Carolina Manual 

tions set out in this Article, shall be entitled to vote at any election held in this 
State. Removal from one precinct, ward, or other election district to another in 
this State shall not operate to deprive any person of the right to vote in the pre- 
cinct, ward, or other election district from which that person has removed until 30 
days after the removal. 

(2) Residence period for presidential elections. The General Assembly may 
reduce the time of residence for persons voting- in presidential elections. A person 
made eligible by reason of a reduction in time of residence shall possess the other 
qualifications set out in this Article, shall only be entitled to vote for President 
and Vice President of the United States or for electors for President and Vice 
President, and shall not thereby become eligible to hold office in this State. 

(3) Disqualification of felon. No person adjudged guilty of a felony against 
this State or the United States, or adjudged guilty of a felony in another state 
that also would be a felony if it had been committed in this State, shall be per- 
mitted to vote unless that person shall be first restored to the rights of citizenship 
in the manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 3. Registration. Every person offering to vote shall be at the time legally 
registered as a voter as herein prescribed and in the manner provided by law. The 
General Assembly shall enact general laws governing the registration of voters. 

Sec. 4. Qualificatio)i for registration. Every person presenting himself for 
registration shall be able to read and write any section of the Constitution in the 
English language. 

Sec. 5. Elections by people and General Assembly. All elections by the people 
shall be by ballot, and all elections by the General Assembly shall be viva voce. A 
contested election for any office established by Article III of this constitution shall 
be determined by joint ballot of both houses of the General Assembly in the man- 
ner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 6. Eligibility to elective office. Every qualified voter in North Carolina 
who is 21 years of age, except as in this Constitution disqualified, shall be eligible 
for election by the people to office. 

Sec. 7. Oath. Before entering upon the duties of an officer, a person elected 
or appointed to the office shall take and subscribe the following oath : 

"I, , do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and 

maintain the Constitution and laws of the United States, and the Constitution and 
laws of North Carolina not inconsistent therewith, and that I will faithfully dis- 
charge the duties of my office as , so help me God." 

Sec. 8. Disqualifications for office. The following persons shall be disqualified 
for office: 

First, any person who shall deny the being of Almighty God. 

Second, with respect to any office that is filled by election by the people, any 
person who is not qualified to vote in an election for that office. 



State of North Carolina 57 

Third, any person who has been adjudged guilty of treason or any other felony 
against this State or the United States, or any person who has been adjudged 
guilty of a felony in another state that also would be a felony if it had been com- 
mitted in this State, or any person who has been adjudged guilty of corruption 
or malpractice in any office, or any person who has been removed by impeachment 
from any office, and who has not been restored to the rights of citizenship in the 
manner prescribed by law. 

Sec. 9. Dual office holding. 

(1) Prohibitions. It is salutary that the responsibilities of self-government 
be widely shared among the citizens of the State and that the potential abuse of 
authority inherent in the holding of multiple offices by an individual be avoided. 
Therefore, no person who holds any office or place of trust or profit under the 
United States or any department thereof, or under any other state or government, 
shall be eligible to hold any office in this State that is filled by election by the 
people. No person shall hold concurrently any two offices in this State that are 
filled by election of the people. No person shall hold concurrently any two or more 
appointive offices or places of trust or profit, or any combination of elective and 
appointive offices or places of trust or profit, except as the General Assembly 
shall provide by general law. 

(2) Exceptions. The provisions of this Section shall not prohibit any officer 
of the military forces of the State or of the United States not on active duty for an 
extensive period of time, any notary public, or any delegate to a Convention of the 
People from holding concurrently another office or place of trust or profit under 
this State or the United States or any department thereof. 

Sec. 10. Continuation in office. In the absence of any contrary provision, all 
officers in this State, whether appointed or elected, shall hold their positions until 
other appointments are made or, if the offices are elective, until their successors 
are chosen and qualified. 

ARTICLE VII 

Local Government 

Section 1. General Assembly to provide for local government. The General 
Assembly shall provide for the organization and government and the fixing of 
boundaries of counties, cities and towns, and other governmental subdivisions, 
and, except as otherwise prohibited by this Constitution, may give such powers 
and duties to counties, cities and towns, and other governmental subdivisions as 
it may deem advisable. 

The General Assembly shall not incorporate as a city or town, nor shall it 
authorize to be incorporated as a city or town, any territory lying within one mile 
of the corporate limits of any other city or town having a population of 5,000 or 
more according to the most recent decennial census of population taken by order 
of Congress, or lying within three miles of the corporate limits of any other city 
or town having a population of 10,000 or more according to the most recent decen- 
nial census of population taken by order of Congress, or lying within four miles 



58 North Carolina Manual 

of the corporate limits of any other city or town having a population of 25,000 or 
more according to the most recent decennial census of population taken by order of 
Congress, or lying within five miles of the corporate limits of any other city or 
town having a population of 50,000 or more according to the most recent decennial 
census of population taken by order of Congress. Notwithstanding the foregoing 
limitations, the General Assembly may incorporate a city or town by an act adopt- 
ed by vote of three-fifths of all the members of each house. 

Sec. 2. Sheriffs. In each county a Sheriff shall be elected by the qualified 
voters thereof at the same time and places as members of the General Assembly 
are elected and shall hold his office for a period of four years, subject to removal 
for cause as provided by law. 

Sec. 3. Merged or consolidated counties. Any unit of local government form- 
ed by the merger or consolidation of a county or counties and the cities and towns 
therein shall be deemed both a county and a city for the purposes of this Con- 
stitution, and may exercise any authority conferred by law on counties, or on cities 
and towns, or both, as the General Assembly may provide. 

ARTICLE VIII 

Corporations 

Section 1. Corporate charters. No corporation shall be created, nor shall its 
charter be extended, altered, or amended by special act, except corporations for 
charitable, educational, penal, or reformatory purposes that are to be and remain 
under the patronage and control of the State; but the General Assembly shall pro- 
vide by general laws for the chartering, organization, and powers of all corpora- 
tions, and for the amending, extending, and forfeiture of all charters, except those 
above permitted by special act. All such general acts may be altered from time 
to time or repealed. The General Assembly may at any time by special act repeal 
the charter of any corporation. 

Sec. 2. Corporations defined. The term "corporation" as used in this Section 
shall be construed to include all associations and joint-stock companies having 
any of the powers and privileges of corporations not possessed by individuals or 
partnerships. All corporations shall have the right to sue and shall be subject to 
be sued in all courts, in like cases as natural persons. 

ARTICLE IX 

Education 

Section 1. Education encouraged. Religion, morality, and knowledge being 
necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools, libraries, and 
the means of education shall forever be encouraged. 

Sec. 2. Uniform system of schools. 

(1) General and uniform system; term. The General Assembly shall provide 



State of North Carolina 59 

by taxation and otherwise for a general and uniform system of free public schools, 
which shall be maintained at least nine months in every year, and wherein equal 
opportunities shall be provided for all students. 

(2) Local responsibility. The General Assembly may assign to units of local 
government such responsibility for the financial support of the free public schools 
as it may deem appropriate. The governing boards of units of local government 
with financial responsibility for public education may use local revenues to add to 
or supplement any public school or post-secondary school program. 

Sec. 3. School attendance. The General Assembly shall provide that every 
child of appropriate age and of sufficient mental and physical ability shall attend 
the public schools, unless educated by other means. 

Sec. 4. State Board of Education. 

(1) Board. The State Board of Education shall consist of the Lieutenant 
Governor, the Treasurer, and eleven members appointed by the Governor, subject 
to confirmation by the General Assembly in joint session. The General Assembly 
shall divide the State into eight educational districts. Of the appointive members 
of the Board, one shall be appointed from each of the eight educational districts 
and three shall be appointed from the State at large. Appointments shall be for 
overlapping terms of eight years. Appointments to fill vacancies shall be made by 
the Governor for the unexpired terms and shall not be subject to confirmation. 

(2) Superintendent of Public Instruction. The Superintendent of Public In- 
struction shall be the secretary and chief administrative officer of the State Board 
of Education. 

Sec. 5. Powers and duties of Board. The State Board of Education shall 
supervise and administer the free public school system and the educational funds 
provided for its support, except the funds mentioned in Section 7 of this Article, 
and shall make all needed rules and regulations in relation thereto, subject to laws 
enacted by the General Assembly. 

Sec. 6. State school, fund. The proceeds of all lands that have been or here- 
after may be granted by the United States to this State, and not otherwise ap- 
propriated by this State or the United States; all moneys, stocks, bonds, and other 
property belonging to the State for purposes of public education ; the net proceeds 
of all sales of the swamp lands belonging to the State ; and all other grants, gifts, 
and devises that have been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not other- 
wise appropriated by the State or by the terms of the grant, gift, or devise, shall 
be paid into the State Treasury and, together with so much of the revenue of the 
State as may be set apart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated and 
used exclusively for establishing and maintaining: a uniform system of free public 
schools. 

Sec. 7. County school fund. All moneys, stocks, bonds, and other property be- 
longing to a county school fund, and the clear proceeds of all penalties and for- 
feitures and of all fines collected in the several counties for any breach of the 
penal laws of the State, shall belong to and remain in the several counties, and 



60 North Carolina Manual 

shall be faithfully appropriated and used exclusively for maintaining free public- 
schools. 

Sec. 8. Higher education. The General Assembly shall maintain a public 
system of higher education, comprising The University of North Carolina and 
such other institutions of higher education as the General Assembly may deem 
wise. The General Assembly shall provide for the selection of trustees of The 
University of North Carolina and of the other institutions of higher education, in 
whom shall be vested all the privileges, rights, franchises, and endowments here- 
tofore granted to or conferred upon the trustees of these institutions. The General 
Assembly may enact laws necessary and expedient for the maintenance and man- 
agement of The University of North Carolina and the other public instructions of 
higher education. 

Sec. 9. Benefits of public instructions of higher education. The General As- 
sembly shall provide that the benefits of The University of North Carolina and 
other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to 
the people of the State free of expense. 

Sec. 10. Escheats. 

(1) Escheats prior to July 1, 1971. All property that prior to July 1, 1971, 
accrued to the State from escheats, unclaimed dividends, or distributive shares of 
the estates of deceased persons shall be appropriated to the use of The University 
of North Carolina. 

(2) Escheats after June JO, 1971. All property that, after June 30, 1971, 
shall accrue to the State from escheats, unclaimed dividends, or distributive shares 
of the estates of deceased persons shall be used to aid worthy and needy students 
who are residents of this State and are enrolled in public institutions of higher 
education in this State. The method, amount, and type of distribution shall be 
prescribed by law. 



ARTICLE X 

Homesteads and Exemptions 

Section 1. Personal property exemptions. The personal property of any resi- 
dent of this State, to a value fixed by the General Assembly but not less than $500, 
to be selected by the resident, is exempt from sale under execution or other final 
process of any court, issued for the collection of any debt. 

Sec. 2. Hamestead exemptions. 

(1) Exemption from sale; exceptions. Every homestead and the dwellings 
and buildings used therewith, to a value fixed by the General Assembly but not 
less than $1,000, to be selected by the owner thereof, or in lieu thereof, at the option 
of the owner, any lot in a city or town with the dwellings and buildings used there- 
on, and to the same value, owned and occupied by a resident of the State, shall be 
exempt from sale under execution or other final process obtained on any debt. But 



State of North Carolina 61 

no property shall be exempt from sale for taxes, or for payment of obligations 
contracted for its purchase. 

(2) Exemption for benefit of children. The homestead, after the death of the 
owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment of any debt during the minority 
of the owner's children, or any of them. 

(3) Exemption for benefit of widow. If the owner of a homestead dies, leav- 
ing a widow but no children, the homestead shall be exempt from the debts of her 
husband, and the rents and profits thereof shall inure to her benefit during her 
widowhood, unless she is the owner of a homestead in her own right. 

(4) Conveyance of homestead. Nothing contained in this Article shall operate 
to prevent the owner of a homestead from disposing of it by deed, but no deed 
made by the owner of a homestead shall be valid without the signature and acknol- 
edgement of his wife. 

Sec. 3. Mechanics' arid laborers' liens. The General Assembly shall provide 
by proper legislation for giving to mechanics and laborers an adequate lien on 
the subject-matter of their labor. The provisions of Sections 1 and 2 of this Article 
shall not be so construed as to prevent a laborer's lien for work done and perform- 
ed for the person claiming the exemption or a mechanic's lien for work done on the 
premises. 

Sec. 4. Property of married womeyi secured to them. The real and personal 
property of any female in this State acquired before marriage, and all property, 
real and personal, to which she may, after marriage, become in any manner en- 
titled, shall be and remain the sole and separate estate and property of such fe- 
male, and shall not be liable for any debts, obligations, or engagements of her 
husband, and may be devised and bequeathed and conveyed by her, subject to such 
regulations and limitations as the General Assembly may prescribe. Every married 
woman may exercise powers of attorney conferred upon her by her husband, in- 
cluding the power to execute and acknowledge deeds to property owned by herself 
and her husband or by her husband. 

Sec. 5. Insurance. The husband may insure his own life for the sole use and 
benefit of his wife or children or both, and upon his death the proceeds from the 
insurance shall be paid to or for the benefit of the wife or children or both, or to a 
guardian, free from all claims of the representatives or creditors of the insured 
or his estate. Any insurance policy which insures the life of a husband for the 
sole use and benefit of his wife or children or both shall not be subject to the claims 
of creditors of the insured during his life-time, whether or not the policy reserves 
to the insured during his lifetime any or all rights provided for by the policy and 
whether or not the policy proceeds are payable to the estate of the insured in the 
event the beneficiary or beneficaries predecease the insured. 

ARTICLE XI 

Punishments, Corrections, and Charities 

Section 1. Punishments. The following punishments only shall be known to 
the laws of this State: death, imprisonment, fines, removal from office, and disquali- 
fication to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, or profit under this State. 



62 North Carolina Manual 

See. 2. Death punishment. The object of punishments being not only to 
satisfy justice, but also to reform the offender and thus prevent crime, murder, 
arson, buglary, and rape, and these only, may be punishable with death, if the 
General Assembly shall so enact. 

Sec. 3. Charitable and correctional institutions and agencies. Such charitable, 
benevolent, penal, and correctional institutions and agencies as the needs of human- 
ity and the public good may require shall be established and operated by the State 
under such organization and in such manner as the General Assembly may pre- 
scribe. 

Sec. 4. Welfare policy; board of pziblic welfare. Beneficent provision for the 
poor, the unfortunate, and the orphan is one of the first duties of a civilized and 
a Christian state. Therefore the General Assembly shall provide for and define the 
duties of a board of public welfare. 

ARTICLE XII 

Military Forces 

Section 1. Governor is Commander in Chief. The Governor shall be Com- 
mander in Chief of the military forces of the State and may call out those forces 
to execute the law, suppress riots and insurrections, and repeal invasion. 

ARTICLE XIII 

Conventions; Constitutional Amendment and Revision 

Section 1. Convention of the People. No Convention of the People of this 
State shall ever be called unless by the concurrence of two-thirds of all the mem- 
bers of each house of the General Assembly, and unless the proposition "Conven- 
tion or No Convention" is first submitted to the qualified voters of the State at the 
time and in the manner prescribed by the General Assembly, it a majority of the 
votes cast upon the proposition are in favor of a Convention, it shall assemble on 
the day prescribed by the General Assembly. The General Assembly shall, in the 
act submitting the convention proposition, propose limitations upon the authority 
of the convention; and if a majority of the votes cast upon the proposition are in 
favor of a Convention, those limitations shall become binding upon the Conven- 
tion. Delegates to the Convention shall be elected by the qualified voters at the 
time and in the manner prescribed in the act of submission. The Convention 
shall consist of a number of delegates equal to the membership of the House of 
Representatives of the General Assembly that submits the convention proposition 
and the delegates shall be apportioned as is the House of Representatives. A Con- 
vention shall adopt no ordinance not necessary to the purpose for which the Con- 
vention has been called. 

Sec. 2. Power to revise or amend Constitution reserved to people. The people 
of this State reserve the power to amend this Constitution and to adopt a new or 
revised Constitution. This power may be exercised by either of the methods set 
out hereinafter in this Article, but in no other way. 



State of North Carolina 63 

Sec. 3. Revision or amendment by Convention of the People. A Convention 
of the People of this State may be called pursuant to Section 1 of this Article to 
propose a new or revised Constitution or to propose amendments to this Constitu- 
tion. Every new or revised Constitution and every constitutional amendment 
adopted by a Convention shall be submitted to the qualified voters of the State at 
the time and in the manner prescribed by the Convention. If a majority of the 
votes cast thereon are in favor of ratification of the new or revised Constitution 
or the constitutional amendment or amendments, it or they shall become effective 
January first next after ratification by the qualified voters unless a different ef- 
fective date is prescribed by the Convention. 

Sec. 4. Revision or amendment by legislative initiation. A proposal of a new 
or revised Constitution or an amendment or amendments to this Constitution may 
be initiated by the General Assembly, but only if three-fifths of all the members of 
each house shall adopt an act submitting the proposal to the qualified voters of the 
State for their ratification or rejection. The proposal shall be submitted at the 
time and in the manner prescribed by the General Assembly. If a majority of the 
votes cast thereon are in favor of the proposed new or revised Constitution or 
constitutional amendment or amendments, it or they shall become effective January 
first next after ratification by the voters unless a different effective date is pre- 
scribed in the act submitting the proposal or proposals to the qualified voters. 



ARTICLE XIV 

Miscellaneous 

Section 1. Seat of government. The permanent seat of government of this 
State shall be at the City of Raleigh. 

Sec. 2. State boundaries. The limits and boundaries of the State shall be and 
remain as they now are. 

Sec. 3. General laws defined. Whenever the General Assembly is directed or 
authorized by this Constitution to enact general laws, or general laws uniformly 
applicable throughout the State, or general laws uniformly applicable in every 
county, city and town, and other unit of local government, or in every local court 
district, no special or local act shall be enacted concerning the subject matter 
directed or authorized to be accomplished by general or uniformly applicable laws, 
and every amendment or repeal of any law relating to such subject matter shall 
also be general and uniform in its effect throughout the State. General laws may 
be enacted for classes defined by population or other criteria. General laws uni- 
formly applicable throughout the State shall be made applicable without classifica- 
tion or exception in every unit of local government of like kind, such as every 
county, or every city and town, but need not be made applicable in every unit of 
local government in the State. General laws uniformly applicable in every county, 
city and town, and other unit of local government, or in every local court district, 
shall be made applicable without classification or exception in every unit of local 
government, or in every local court district, as the case may be. The General As- 
sembly may at any time repeal any special, local or private act. 



64 North Carolina Manual 

Sec. 4. Continuity of laws; -protection of office holders. The laws of North 
Carolina not in conflict with this Constitution shall continue in force until law- 
fully altered. Except as otherwise specifically provided, the adoption of this Con- 
stitution shall not have the effect of vacating any office or term of office now filled 
or held by virtue of any election or appointment made under the prior Constitution 
of North Carolina and the laws of the State enacted pursuant thereto." 

Sec. 5. Conservation of natural resources. It shall be the policy of this State 
to conserve and protect its lands and waters for the benefit of all its citizenry, and 
to this end it shall be a proper function of the State of North Carolina and its 
political subdivisions to acquire and preserve park, recreational, and scenic areas, 
to control and limit the pollution of our air and water, to control excessive noise, 
and in every other appropriate way to preserve as a part of the common heritage of 
this State its forests, wetlands, estuaries, beaches, historical sites, openlands, and 
places of beauty. 

To accomplish the aforementioned public purposes, the State and its counties, 
cities and towns, and other units of local government may acquire by purchase or 
gift properties or interests in properties which shall, upon their special dedication 
to and acceptance by resolution adopted by a vote of three-fifths of the members 
of each house of the General Assembly for those public purposes, constitute part 
of the 'State Nature and Historic Preserve", and which shall not be used for other 
purposes except as authorized by law enacted by a vote of three-fifths of the 
members of each house of the General Assmbly. The General Assembly shall pre- 
scribe by general law the conditions and procedures under which such properties 
or interests therein shall be dedicated for the aforementioned public purposes. 



State of North Carolina 65 

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS 

January 1 — New Year's Day. 

January 19 — Birthday of General Robert E. Lee. 

February, third Monday — Birthday of George Washington. 

Easter Monday, (applies to State and National Banks only). 

April 12 — Anniversary of the Resolution adopted by the Provincial Congress 
of North Carolina at Halifax, April 12, 1776, authorizing the delegates 
from North Carolina to the Continental Congress to vote for a Declara- 
tion of Independence. 

May 10 — Confederate Memorial Day. 

May 20 — Anniversary of the "Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence". 

May, last Monday — Memorial Day (Applies to State and National Banks 
only). 

July 4 — Independence Day. 

September, first Monday — Labor Day. 

October, second Monday — Columbus Day. 

October, fourth Monday — Veterans Day. 

November, Tuesday after first Monday — General Election Day. 

November, fourth Thursday — Thanksgiving Day. 

December 25 — Christmas Day. 

(G.S. 103-4) 



United States of America 67 

CHAPTER TWO 
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES 

No Name Native State Born Inau. 

1. George Washington (F) Va 1732 1789 

2. John Adams (F) Mass 1735 1797 

3. Thomas Jefferson (D-R) Va 1743 1801 

4. James Madison (D-R) Va 1751 1809 

5. James Monroe (D-R) Va 1758 1817 

6. John Quincv Adams (D-R) Mass 1767 1825 

7. Andrew Jackson (D) S. S 1767 1829 

8. Martin Van Buren (D) N. Y 1782 1837 

9. William H. Harrison 1 (A) Va 1773 1841 

10. John Tyler (W) Va 1790 1841 

11. James Knox Polk (D) N. C 1795 1845 

12. Zachary Taylor 2 (A) Va 1784 1849 

13. Millard Fillmore (A) N. Y 1800 1850 

14. Franklin Pierce (D) N. H 1804 1853 

15. James Buchanan (D) Pa 1791 1857 

16. Abraham Lincoln 3 (R) Ky 1809 1861 

17. Andrew Johnson 4 (-) N. C 1808 1865 

18. Ulysses S. Grant (R) Ohio 1822 1869 

19. Rutherford B. Hayes (R) Ohio 1822 1877 

20. James A. Garfield 3 (R) Ohio 1831 1881 

21. Chester A. Arthur (R) Vt 1830 1881 

22. Grover Cleveland (D) N. J 1837 1885 

23. Benjamin Harrison (R) Ohio 1833 1889 

24. Grover Cleveland 7 (D) N. J 1837 1893 

25. William McKinley 8 (R) Ohio 1843 1897 

26. Theodore Roosevelt (R) N. Y 1858 1901 

27. William H. Taft (R) Ohio 1857 1909 

28. Woodrow Wilson (D) Va 1856 1913 

29. Warren G. Harding* (R) Ohio 1865 1921 

30. Calvin Coolidge (R) Vt 1872 1923 

31. Herbert C. Hoover (R) Iowa 1874 1929 

32. Franklin D. Roosevelt' (D) N. Y 1882 1933 



1 Harrison died on April 4. 1841. 

Baylor died on July 9, 1850. 

3 Lincoln was shot April 14, 1865 and died the following day. 

4 Andrew Johnson — a Democrat, nominated vice president by Republicans and elected with Lincoln 
on National Union ticket. 

5 Garfield was shot July 2, 1881 and died September 19. 

According- to a ruling of the State Dept., Grover Cleveland is counted twice, as the 22nd and the 
24th President, because his two terms were not consecutive. Only 37 individuals have been President. 
7 See footnote 6. 

8 McKinley was shot September 6, 1901 and died September 14. 
"Harding died on August 2, 1923. 
10 Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945. 



68 North Carolina Manual 



J3. Harry S. Truman (D) 

34. Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) Texas 

35. John F. Kennedy" (D) 

36. Lyndon B.Johnson (D) Texas 

:\~. Richard M. Nixon (R) 

38. Gerald R. Ford (R) 



Mo 


1884 


1945 


Texas 


1890 


1953 


Mass 


1917 


1961 


Texas 


1908 


1963 


Calif 


1913 


1969 


Mich 


1913 


1974 



"Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963. 

^Nixon resigned August 9, 1974 following several months of pressure over the "Watergate" cover- 
up and related issues. 



United States of America 69 

THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

(Unanimously Adopted in Congress, July 4, 1776, at Philadelphia) 

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to 
dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to as- 
sume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the 
Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitles them, a decent respect to the opinions 
of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the 
separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal; 
that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights; that 
among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That, to secure 
these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers 
from the consent of the governed; That, whenever any Form of Government be- 
comes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish 
it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundations on such principles, and 
organizing its powers in such forms, as to them shall seem most likely to effect 
their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments 
long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, ac- 
cordingly, all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, 
while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to 
which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, 
pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a design to reduce them under abso- 
lute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, 
and to provide new Guards for their future security. Such has been the patient 
sufferance of these Colonies, and such is now the necessity which constrains them 
to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of 
Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in 
direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove 
this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world. 

He has refused his assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the 
public good. 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing im- 
portance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; 
and, when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts 
of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the 
Legislature — a right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable 
and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of 
fatiguing them into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly 
firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. 

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be 



70 North Carolina Manual 

elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned 
to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in the meantime, 
exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States for that purpose 
obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to 
encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropria- 
tions of Lands. 

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his assent to 
laws for establishing Judiciary Powers. 

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their 
offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers 
to harass our people, and eat out their substance. 

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Con- 
sent of Our Legislature. 

He has affected to render the Military independent of, and superior to, the 
Civil power. 

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our 
constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws ; giving his Assent to their Acts of 
pretended Legislation. For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: 

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders 
which they should commit on the inhabitants of these States : 

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: 

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: 

For depriving us, in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by jury: 

For transporting us beyond Seas, to be tried for pretended offenses ; 

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighboring Province, 
establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries, so 
as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same 
absolute rule into these Colonies: 

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and alter- 
ing fundamentally, the Forms of our Governments : 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with 
power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and 
waging War against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed 
the lives of our people. 



United States of America 71 

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign mercenaries to com- 
plete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances 
of Cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally 
unworthy the Head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-Citizens, taken captive on the high Seas, to 
bear Arms against their County, to become the executioners of their friends and 
Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to 
bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose 
known rule of warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and 
conditions. 

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the 
most humble terms ; Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated 
injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define 
a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren. We have 
warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an un- 
warrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances 
of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice 
and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred 
to disavow these usurpation, which inevitably interrupt our connections with cor- 
respondence. They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. 
We must therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, 
and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind — Enemies in War, in Peace Friends. 

We, Therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in 
General Congress Assembled; appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the 
rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name and by authority of the good People 
of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, 
and of Right ought to be free and independent States; that they are Absolved 
from All Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connections between 
them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that 
as Free and Independent States, they have full power to levy War, conclude Peace, 
contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which 
Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with 
a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each 
other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. 

John Hancock 

Button Gwinnett Edward Rutledge 

Lyman Hall Thomas Heyward, Junr. 

Geo [rge] Walton Thomas Lynch, Junr. 

W[illia]m Hooper Arthur Middleton 

Joseph Hewes Samuel Chase 



72 



North Carolina Manual 



John Penn 

Tho[ma]s Stone 

Charles Carroll of Carrollton 

James Wilson 

Geo[rge] Ross 

Caesar Rodney 

Geo[rge] Reed 

Tho. M. Kean 

W[illia]m Floyd 

Phil [lip] Livingston 

Fran[ci]s Lewis 

Lewis Morris 

Rich[ar]d Stockton 

J[onatha]n Witherspoon 

Fras. Hopkinson 

John Hart 

Abra Clark 

George Wythe 

Richard Henry Lee 

Th[omas] Jefferson 

Benja[min] Harrison 

Tho[ma]s Nelson, Jr. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee 



W[illia] Paca 
Carter Braxton 
RobTer]t Morris 
Benjamin Rush 
Benjafmin] Franklin 
John Morton 
Geo[rge] Clymer 
Ja[me]s Smith 
Geo[rge] Taylor 
Josiah Bartlett 
W[illia]m Hippie 
Sam[ue]l Adams 
John Adams 
Rob[er]t Treat Payne 
Eldridge Gerry 
Step [hen] Hopkins 
William Ellery 
Roger Sherman 
Samuel Huntington 
W[illia]m Williams 
Oliver Woolcott 
Matthew Thornton 



United States of America 73 

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 

Preamble 

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, 
establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, 
promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and 
our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of 
America. 

Article I 

Section 1 — All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Con- 
gress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Repre- 
sentatives. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members 
chosen every second year by the people of the several States, and the electors in 
each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous 
branch of the State Legislature. 

2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the 
age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and 
who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of the State in which he shall be 
chosen. 

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several 
States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective 
numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free per- 
sons, including those bound to service for a term of years and excluding Indians 
not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, 
and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by 
law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty 
thousand, but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until such 
enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose 3; Massachusetts, 8; Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1; Con- 
necticut, 5 ; New York, 6 ; New Jersey, 4 ; Pennsylvania, 8 ; Delaware, 1 ; Mary- 
land, 6; Virginia, 10; North Carolina, 5; South Carolina, 5; and Georgia, 3.* 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any State the Execu- 
tive Authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. 

5. The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other officers, 
and shall have the sole power of impeachment. 

Sec. 3 — 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Sen- 
ators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof for six years; and each 
Senator shall have one vote.f 



*See Article XIV, Amendments. 
tSee Article XVII, Amendments. 



74 North Carolina Manual 

'2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first elec- 
tion, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of 
the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second 
year; of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year; and of the third 
class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year, and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the 
recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary 
appointments until the next meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such 
vacancies.! 

3. No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the age of 
thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen. 

4. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, 
but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. 

5. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a President pro tern- 
pare, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the office of 
President of the United States. 

6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting 
for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the 
United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside; and no person shall be con- 
victed without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to re- 
moval from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, 
or profit under the United States; but the party convicted shall nevertheless be 
liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law. 

Sec. 4 — 1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for Senators 
and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof, 
but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing Senators. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting 
shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a 
different day. 

Sec. 5—1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and quali- 
fications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to 
do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under 
such penalties as each House may provide. 

2. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its mem- 
bers for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a 
member. 

3. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time 



United States of America 75 

publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; 
and the yeas and nays of the members of either House on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. 

4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without the consent 
of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that 
in which the two Houses shall be sitting. 

Sec. 6 — 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation 
for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the 
United States. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their 
respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any 
speech or debate in either House they shall not be questioned in any other place. 

2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he was 
elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States 
which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased 
during such time; and no person holding any office under the United States shall 
be a member of either House during his continuance in office. 

Sec. 7 — 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Rep- 
resentatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments, as on other 
bills. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the 
Senate shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the President of the United 
States ; if he approves, he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return it, with his ob- 
jections, to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the ob- 
jections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such 
reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be 
sent together with the objectives, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be 
reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law 
But in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, 
and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the 
journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Presi- 
dent within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the 
Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. 

3. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and 
House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) 
shall be presented to the President of the United States ; and before the same shall 
take effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed 
by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the rules 
and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. 

SEC. 8. The Congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and 
provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all 
duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; 



76 North Carolina Manual 

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, 
and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the 
subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States; 

5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the 
standards of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current 
coin of the United States; 

7. To establish postoffices and postroads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing, for limited 
times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings 
and discoveries; 

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and 
offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules con- 
cerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use 
shall be for a longer term than two years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval 
forces ; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, 
suppress insurrections, and repel invasions; 

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia, and for 
governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United 
States, reserving to the State respectively the appointment of the officers and the 
authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress ; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over such district 
(not exceeding ten miles square) as may by cession of particular States and the 
acceptance of Congress, become the seat of Government of the United States, and 
to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legisla- 
ture of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, 
arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings; — and 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into 
execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution 
in the Government of the United States, or any department or officer thereof. 

Sec. 9 — 1. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the States 
now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress 
prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be 
imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless 
when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainer or ex post facto law shall be passed. 



United States of America 77 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the 
census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken.* 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State. 

6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to 
the ports of one State over those of another; nor shall vessels bound to, or from, 
one State be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another. 

7. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence of ap- 
propriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of the receipts and 
expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time. 

8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; and no person 
holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the 
Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, 
from any king, prince, or foreign state. 

Sec. 10 — 1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; 
grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make any- 
thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of at- 
tainer; ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant 
any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any imposts or 
duties on imports or exports except what may be absolutely necessary for executing 
its inspection laws; and the net produce of all duties and imports, laid by any 
State on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United 
States; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Con- 
gress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, 
keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact 
with another State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually 
invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit delay. 

Article II 

Section 1 — 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the 
United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, 
and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected as fol- 
lows: 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may 
direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Repre- 
sentatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress; but no Senator or 
Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United 
States shall be appointed an elector. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for two 
persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with 
themselves. And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit, seal- 
ed, to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of 



*See Article XVI, Amendments. 



78 North Carolina Manual 

the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and 
House of Representatives open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be 
counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, 
if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if 
there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of 
them for President; and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest 
on the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. But in choos- 
ing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each 
State having one vote; a quorum, for this purpose, shall consist of a member or 
members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be 
necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice President. 
But if there shall remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall 
choose from them by ballot the Vice President.* 

4. The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors and the day 
on which they shall give their votes, which day shall be the same throughout the 
United States. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, 
at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of 
President; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have 
attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been fourteen years a resident within 
the United States. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resigna- 
tion or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same 
shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by law provide for the 
case of removal, death, resignation, or inability, both of the President and Vice 
President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly until the disability be removed, or a President shall be elected. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensa- 
tion which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which 
he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other 
emolument from the United States, or any of them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall take the following 
oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of 
President of the United States, and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, pro- 
tect, and defend the Constitution of the United States." 

Sec. 2 — 1. The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of the Army and 
Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several States, when called 
into the actual service of the United States ; he may require the opinion, in writing, 
of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject re- 
lating to the duties of their respective offices; and he shall have power to grant 
reprieves, and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of 
impeachment. 



*This clause is superseded by Article XII, Amendments. 



United States of America 79 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to 
make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall 
nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint 
ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, 
and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein 
otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but the Congress 
may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers as they think proper in 
the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments. 

3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen 
during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at 
the end of their next session. 

Sec. 3 — He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the 
State of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he 
shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene 
both Houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them with 
respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall 
take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers 
of the United States. 

Sec. 4 — The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of the United 
States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, trea- 
son, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. 

Article III 

Section 1 — The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one 
Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to 
time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the Supreme and inferior courts, 
shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive 
for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their con- 
tinuance in office. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, 
arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, 
or which shall be made, under their authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime juris- 
diction; — to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; — to con- 
troversies between two or more States; — between a State and citizens of another 
State; — between citizens of different States; — between citizens of the same State, 
claiming lands under grants of different States, and between a State, or the citi- 
zens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and 
those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have original 
jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned the Supreme Court shall 
have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under 
such regulations as the Congress shall make. 

3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury, 



80 North Carolina Manual 

and such trial shall be held in the State where the said crimes shall have been 
committed; but when not committed within any State the trial shall be at such 
place or places as the Congress may by law have directed. 

Sec. 3 — 1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying 
war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. 
No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason; but 
no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except dur- 
ing the life of the person attainted. 

Article IV 

Section 1 — Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public 
acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State. And the Congress 
may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and pro- 
ceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

Sec. 2 — 1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privileges and im- 
munities of citizens in the several States. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other crime, who 
shall flee from justice and be found in another State, shall, on demand of the 
Executive authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed 
to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, 
escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be 
discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered upon claim of the 
party to whom such service or labor may be due. 

Sec. 3 — 1. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; 
but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other 
State; nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States, on parts 
of States, without the consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well 
as of the Congress. 

2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules 
and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United 
States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any 
claims of the United States or of any particular State. 

Sec. 4 — The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a 
republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion, 
and, on application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature 
cannot be convened), against domestic violence. 

Article V 

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, 
shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the Legis- 
latures of two-thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for proposing 



United States of America 81 

amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as 
part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three-fourths of 
the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the 
other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no 
amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and 
eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the Ninth Section 
of the First Article; and that no State, without its consent, shall be deprived of 
its equal suffrage in the Senate. 

Article VI 

1. All debts contracted and engagements entered into before the adoption of 
this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitu- 
tion, as under the Confederation. 

2. This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made 
in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the 
authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the 
judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws 
of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. 

3. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of 
the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the 
United States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to 
support this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualifi- 
cation to any office or public trust under the United States. 

Article VII 

The ratification of the Convention of nine States shall be sufficient for the 
establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the 
Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of Our Lord one thousand seven hun- 
dred and eighty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America 
the Twelfth. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. 

GEO[RGE] WASHINGTON, NEW YORK 

President and deputy from Virginia Alexander Hamilton 

NEW HAMPSHIRE NEW JERSEY 

John Langdon Wil[liam] Livingston 

Nicholas Gilman David Brearley 

W[illia]m Patterson 
MASSACHUSETTS Jonathan] Dayton 

Nathaniel Gorham 
Rufus King, PENNSYLVANIA 

B[enjamin] Franklin 
CONNECTICUT Rob[er]t Morris 

W[illiai]m Sam[ue]l Johnson Tho[ma]s Fitzsimmons 

Roger Snerman James Wilson 

Thomas Mifflin 



82 



North Carolina Manual 



Geo[rge] Clymer 

.Tared Ingersoll 
Gouv. Morris 
DELAWARE 

Geo[rge] Read 
John Dickinson 
Jaco[b] Broom 
Gunning Bedford, Jr. 
Richard Bassett 

MARYLAND 

James McHenry 

Dan[ie]l Carroll 

Dan[iel] of St. Thos. Jenifer 

VIRGINIA 
John Blair 



Ja[me]s Madison, Jr. 

NORTH CAROLINA 

W[illia]m Blount 
Hu[gh] Williamson 
Rich[ar]d Dobbs Spaight 

SOUTH CAROLINA 
J[ames] Rutledge 
Charles Pinckney 
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 
Pierce Butler 

GEORGIA 

William Few 
Abr[aham] Baldwin 



ATTEST: 
William Jackson, Secretary 



Thu Constitution was declared in eifect on the first Wednesday in March, 1789. 



United States of America 83 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION 
OF THE UNITED STATES 

The following amendments to the Constitution, Article I to X, inclusive, were 
proposed at the First Session of the First Congress, begun and held at the City 
of New York, on Wednesday, March 4, 1789, and were adopted by the necessary 
number of States. The original proposal of the ten amendments was preceded by 
this preamble and resolution: 

"The conventions of a number of the States having, at the time of 
their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent 
misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and re- 
strictive clauses should be added, and as extending the ground of public 
confidence in the Government will best insure the benefiicent ends of its in- 
stitution : 

"RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of both 
Houses concurring that the following articles be proposed to the Legisla- 
tures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the 
United States; all or any of which articles, when ratified by three- 
fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, 
as part of the said Constitution, namely": 

AMENDMENTS 

THE TEN ORIGINAL AMENDMENTS* 

Article I 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or pro- 
hibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech or of the 
press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Gov- 
ernment for a redress of grievances. 

Article II 

A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the 
right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. 

Article III 

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the con- 
sent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

Article IV 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects 
against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants 
shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and par- 
ticularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 

♦Sometimes called our Bill of Rights, were declared in force December 15. 1791. 



84 North Carolina Manual 

Article V 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, 
unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in 
the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war 
or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice 
put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be 
a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without 
due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without 
just compensation. 

Article VI 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy, and 
public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall 
have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, 
and be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation ; to be confronted with 
the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in 
his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense. 

Article VII 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty 
dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved and no fact tried by a jury 
shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States than according 
to the rules of the common law. 

Article VIII 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and 
unusual punishments inflicted. 

Article IX 

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed 
to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 

Article X 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor pro- 
hibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. 

SUBSEQUENT AMENDMENTS 

Article XI 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to 
any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United 
States, by citizens of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 

(Proposed to the Legislatures of the seve.al States by the Thiid Congress on the 5th of March, 
1794, and declared to have been ratified by Executive Proclamation, January 8, IV 98. ) 



United States of America 85 

Article XII 

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for Pres- 
ident and Vice President, one of whom at least shall not be an inhabitant of the 
same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for 
as President, and in distinct ballots the persons voted for as Vice President; and 
they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all 
persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for each, which 
lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the Gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; the Presi- 
dent of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the 
person having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the Presi- 
dent, if such number he a majoritv of the whole number of electors appointed; 
and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest 
numbers, not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the 
House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But 
in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote ; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a 
member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States 
shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose 
a President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth 
day of March next following, then the Vice President shall act as President, as in 
the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The per- 
son having the greatest number of votes as Vice President shall be the Vice Presi- 
dent, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and 
if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
Senate shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of 
two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number 
shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the 
office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States. 

(Proposed by the Eighth Congress on the 12th of December, 1803, declared ratified by the Secretary 
of State, September 25, 1804. It was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Delaware, Massa- 
chusetts, and New Hampshire.) 

Article XIII 

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for 
crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the 
United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legisla- 
tion. 

(Proposed by the Thirty-eighth Congress on the 1st of February, 1865, declared ratified by the Sec- 
retary of State, December 18, 1865. It was rejected by Delaware and Kentucky; was conditionally rati- 
fied by Alabama and Mississippi; and Texas took no action.) 

Article XIV 

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the 
jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein 



86 North Carolina Manual 

they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the 
privileges of immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State de- 
prive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. 

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according 
to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, 
excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the 
choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Repre- 
sentatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the mem- 
bers of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such 
State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any 
way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of 
representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such 
male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of 
age in such State. 

3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of 
President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United 
States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member 
of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State 
Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Con- 
stitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion 
against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress 
may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability. 

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, 
including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in 
suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the 
United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred 
in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the 
loss of emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall 
be held illegal and void. 

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate legislation the 
provisions of this article. 

(The Reconstruction Amendment, by the Thirty-ninth Congress on the 16th day of June, 1866, was 
declared ratified by the Secretary of State, July 28, 1868. The amtndment got the support of 23 Nor- 
thern States; it was rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and 10 Southern States. California 
took no action. Later it was ratified by the 10 Southern States. ) 

Article XV 

1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied 
or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or 
previous condition of servitude. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legis- 
lation. 

(Proposed by the Fortieth Congress the 27th of February, 1869, and was declared ratified by the 
Secretary of State, March 30, 1870. It was not acted on by Tennessee; it was rejected by California, 
Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Oregon; ratified by the remaining 30 States. New York rescinded 
its ratification January 5, 1870. New Jersey rejected it in 18 <0, but ratified it in 1871.) 



United States of America 87 

Article XVI 

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from 
whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and 
without regard to any census or enumeration. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-first Congress, July 12, 1909, and declared latified Februa-y 25, 1913. The 
income tax amendment was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsylvania, Rhode 
Island, Utah, and Virginia.) 

Article XVII 

1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from 
each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall 
have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for 
electors of the most numerous branch of the State Legislatures. 

2. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, 
the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such 
vacancies; Provided, That the Legislature of any State may empower the Execu- 
tive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by 
elections as the Legislature may direct. 

3. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term 
of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th day cf May, 1912, and declared latified May 31, 
1913. Adopted by all the States except Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah and Virginia.) 

Article XVIII 

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, 
or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or 
the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the 
jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. 

2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce 
this article by appropriate legislation. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an 
amendent to the Constitution by the Legislatures of the several States as provided 
in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to 
the States by the Congress. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress, December 18, 1917, and ratified by 36 States; was declared in 
effect on January 16, 1920.) 

Article XIX 

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or 
abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. 

2. Congress shall have power, by appropriate legislation, to enforce the pro- 
visions of this article. 

(Proposed by the Sixty-fifth Congress. On August 26, 1920, it was proclaimed in effect, having 
been ratified (June 19, 1919 — August 18, 1920) by three-quarters of the States. The Tennessee House, 
August 31st, rescinded its ratification, I, to 24.) 



88 North Carolina Manual 

Article XX 

1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th 
day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3rd 
day of January of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article 
had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. 

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting 
shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a 
different day. 

3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the 
President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. 
If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of 
his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice Presi- 
dent elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the 
Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a 
Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, 
or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act 
accordingly, until a President or Vice President shall have qualified. 

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the 
persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President when- 
ever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the 
death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President 
when the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. 

5. Section 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the 
ratification of this article. 

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an 
amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several 
States within seven years from the date of its submission. 

(Proposed by the 72nd Congress, First Session. On February 6. 1933. it was proclaimed in effect, 
having been ratified by thrity-nine states. ) 

Article XXI 

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United 
States is hereby repealed. 

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession 
of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in viola- 
tion of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited. 

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an 
amendment to the Constitution by convention in the several States, as provided 
in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to 
the States by the Congress. 

(Proposed by the 7'2nd Congress, Second Session. Proclaimed in effect on December 5, 1933, having 
been ratified by thrity-six States. By proclamation of the same date, the President proclaimed that the 
eighteenth amendment to the Constitution was repealed on December 5, 1933.) 



United States of America 89 

Article XXII 

1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, 
and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more 
than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall 
be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this article shall not 
apply to any person holding 1 the office of President when this article was proposed 
by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office 
of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article 
becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President 
during the remainder of such term. 

2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an 
amendment to the constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several 
States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the 
congress. 

(Proposed by the 80th Congress in 1947 and became effective on Feb. 26, 1951, having been ratified 
by thirty-six States.) 

Article XXIII 

1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States 
shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: 

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole 
number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would 
be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; 
they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be con- 
sidered, for the purpose of the election of President and Vice President, to be 
electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform 
such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legis- 
lation. 

(Proposed by the 86th Congress in June of 1960 and ratified by the 38th State, March 29, 1961 and 
proclaimed a part of the Constitution, April 3, 1961.) 

Article XXIV 

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other 
election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice Presi- 
dent, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged 
by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other 
tax. 

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legis- 
lation. 

(Proposed by the 87th Congiess, August 27, 1962 and ratified by the 38th State, January -3, 1964.) 

Article XXV 

1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resif 
nation, the Vice President shall become President. 



90 North Carolina Manual 

2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the Presi- 
dent shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a 
majority vote of both Houses of Congress. 

3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the 
Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration 
that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he 
transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties 
shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President. 

4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers 
of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law pro- 
vide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the 
House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable 
to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immedi- 
ately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. 

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of 
the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declara- 
tion that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office 
unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the 
executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, 
transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the Presi- 
dent is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Con- 
gress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hom-s for that purpose 
if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the 
latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days 
after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both 
Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his 
office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; 
otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office. 

(Submitted to the Legislatures of the fifty States July 6, 196"). Ratified by the 38th State (Nevada) 
February 10, 1967.) 

Article XXVI 

1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age 
or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State 
on account of age. 

2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate 
legislation. 

Proposed to the States by Congress on March 23, 1971 and ratification completed June 30, 1971.) 



United States of America 91 

THE AMERICAN FLAG, IT'S ORIGIN 

In 1775, the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse carried a standard with thir- 
teen alternate blue and silver stripes in the upper left-hand corner. At Cambridge 
on January 2, 1776, Washington without authorization of the Continental Con- 
gress raised a flag consisting of thirteen alternate white and red stripes with the 
crosses of St. George and St. Andrew in the blue field in the upper left-hand 
corner. It was called the "Union Flag," "Grand Union Flag," and the "Continen- 
tal Flag," and was employed until displaced by the Stars and Stripes adopted by 
the Continental Congress. 

The beautiful tradition that Betsy Ross, as early as June 1776, made a Stars 
and Stripes flag from a pencil sketch supplied by Washington but changed the 
points of the stars from six to five, has become a classic. Historians doubt its 
accuracy. Half a dozen localities claim to have been the place where the Stars 
and Stripes was first used. Within New York State such contention has been for 
Fort Ann on July 8, Fort Stanwix on August 3, Bennington on August 13, and 
Saratoga on September 19, 1777. The flag with thirteen stripes and thirteen stars, 
authorized on June 14, 1777, continued to be used as the national emblem until 
Congress passed the following act, which President Washington signed: 

"That from and after May 1, 1795, the flag of the United States be 
fifteen stripes, alternate red and white; and that the union be fifteen 
stars, white in a blue field." 

This action was necessitated by the admission of the States of Vermont and 
Kentucky to the Union. 

The flag of 1795 had the stars arranged in three rows of five each instead of 
in a circle, and served for 23 years. 

With the admission of more new states, however, it became apparent that the 
1795 flag would have to be further modified; hence in 1818 a law was passed by 
Congress providing: 

"That from and after the fourth day of July next, the flag of the 
United States be thirteen horizontal stripes, alternate red and white; 
that the union have twenty stars, white in a blue field. 

"That on the admission of every new state into the Union, one star 
be added to the union of the flag; and that such addition shall take effect 
on the Fourth of July next succeeding such admission." 

Since 1818 additional stars have been added until today they are 50 on the 
flag. No law has been passed to designate how the stars shall be arranged. At one 
time they formed a design of a larger star. Now they form five rows of six stars 
each and four rows of five stars each. 

Betsy Ross, it is now said, lived at 233 Arch Street, Philadelphia, and 
not at 239. She made flags, but says Theodore D. Gottlieb, she never made 
the first Stars and Stripes. He adds: 

The Department of State, the War and Navy departments, the His- 
torical Sites Commission of Philadelphia and other official bodies repu- 
diate the legend. The book and pamphlet material available is over- 
whelmingly against the legend. 



United States of America 93 

The story arose for the first time on March 14, 1870, when William 
J. Canby read a paper before the Pennsylvania Historical Society in 
which he states that in 1836, when his grandmother, Betsy Ross, was 84 
years old and he was 11, she told him the story. He apparently thought 
little of it because nothing was done until 1857, when at the suggestion 
of his Aunt Clarissa, oldest daughter of Betsy, he wrote out the notes as 
he remembered the conversation. 

Nothing further was done until 1870 when he wrote his paper. The 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania thought so little of the paper it 
neither catalogued nor kept a copy of it. Even George Canby, younger 
brother of William, disputed several points in the paper. 

The legend grew to strength from 1888 to 1893 when promotors se- 
cured an option on the so-called Flag House. 

Modern historical researchers are giving much thought to Francis 
Hopkinson of New Jersey as the possible designer and the Fillmore or 
Bennington flag as the first flag. 

THE PROPER DISPLAY OF THE AMERICAN FLAG* 

Sec. 171. When the national anthem is played and the flag is not displayed, 
all present should stand and face toward the music. Those in uniform should 
salute at the first note of the anthem, retaining this position until the last note. 
All others should stand at attention, men removing the headdress. When the flag 
is displayed, all present should face the flag and salute. 

Sec. 172. The following is designated as the pledge of allegiance to the flag: 
"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the Republic 
for which it stands, one Nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for 
all." Such pledge should be rendered by standing with the right hand over the 
heart. However, civilians will always show full respect to the flag when the pledge 
is given by merely standing at attention, men removing the headdress. Persons in 
uniform shall render the military salute. 

Sec. 174. (a) It is the universal custom to display the flag only from sunrise 
to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaff's in the open. However, the flag 
may be displayed at night upon special occasions when it is desired to produce a 
patriotic effect. 

(b) The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously. 

(c) The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather is inclement. 

(d) The flag should be displayed vn all days when the weather permits, 
especially on New Year's Day, January 1; Inauguration Day, Jan. 20; Lincoln's 
Birthday, February 12; Washington's Birthday, February 22; Army Day, April 
6; Easter Sunday (variable) ; Mother's Day, second Sunday in May; Memorial 
Day (half staff until noon), May 30; Flag Day, June 14; Independence Day, July 
4; Labor Day, first Monday in September; Constitution Day, September 17; Co- 
lumbus Day, October 12; Navy Day, October 27; Veteran's Day, November 11; 
Thanksgiving Day, fourth Thursday in November; Christmas Day, December 25; 



•(The United States Code, 1958) 
(Chapter 10, Sections 171-172, 174-178) 



94 North Carolina Manual 

such other days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States; the 
birthdays of States (dates of admission) ; and on State holidays. 

(e) The flag should be displayed daily, weather permitting, on or near the 
main administration building of every public institution. 

(f) The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place on election 
days. 

(g) The flag should be displayed during school days in or near every school- 
house. 

Sec. 175. The flag, when carried in a procession with another flag or flags, 
should be either on the marching right; that is, the flager's own right, or, if there 
is a line of other flags, in front of the center of that line. 

(a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade except from a 
staff, or as provided in subsection (i) of this section. 

(b) The flag should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, or back of a ve- 
hicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag is displayed on a motorcar, 
the staff should be fixed firmly to the chasis or clamped to the radiator cap. 

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on the same level, 
to the right of the flag on the United States of America, except during church 
services conducted by naval chaplains at sea, when the church pennant may be 
flown above the flag during the church services for the personnel of the Navy. 

No person shall display the flag of the United Nations or any other national 
or international flag equal, above or in a position of superior prominence or honor 
to or in place of, the flag of the United States at any place within the United 
States or any Territory or possession thereof: Provided, That nothing in this sec- 
tion shall make unlawful the continuance of the practice heretofore followed or 
displaying the flag of the United Nations in a position of superior prominence or 
honor, and other national flags in positions of equal prominence or honor, with 
that of the flag of the United States at the Headquarters of the United Nations. 

(d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is displayed with 
another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should be on the right, the flag's 
own right, and its staff should be in front of the staff of the other flag. 

(e) The flag of the United States of America should be at the center and at 
the highest point of the group when a number of flags of States or localities or 
pennants of societies are grouped and displayed from staffs. 

(f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of societies are 
found on the same halyard with the flag of the United States, the latter should 
always be at the peak. When the flags are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag 
of the United States should be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag or pen- 
nant may be placed above the flag of the United States or to the right of the flag 
of the United States. 

(g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are to be flown 
from separate staffs of the same height. The flags should be of approximately 
equal size. International usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above 
that of another nation in time of peace. 



United States of America 95 

(h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a staff projecting 
horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, balcony, or front of a building, 
the union of the flag should be placed at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at 
half staff. When the flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending 
from a house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should be hoisted out, 
union first, from the building. 

(i) When the flag is displayed otherwise than by being flown from a staff, 
it should be displayed flat, whether indoors or out, or so suspended that its folds 
fall as free as though the flag were staffed. 

(j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it should be 
suspended vertically with the union to the north in an east and west street or to 
the east in the north and south street. 

(k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed flat, should be 
displayed above and behind the speaker. When displayed from a staff in a 
church or public auditorium, if it is displayed in the chancel of a church, or on 
the speaker's platform in a public auditorium, the flag should occupy the position 
of honor and be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's right as he faces the con- 
gregation or audience. Any other flag so displayed in the chancel or on the plat- 
form should be placed at the clergyman's or speaker's left as he faces the congre- 
gation or audience. But when the flag is displayed from a staff in a church or 
public auditorium elsewhere than in the chancel or on the platform it shall be 
placed in the position of honor at the right of the congregation or audience as 
they face the chancel or platform. Any other flag so displayed should be placed on 
the left of the congregation or audience as they face the chancel or platform. 

(1) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony of unveiling 
a statue or monument, but it should never be used as the covering for the statue 
or monument. 

(m) The flag, when flown at half-staff, should be first hoisted to the peak for 
an instant and then lowered to the half-staff position. The flag should be again 
raised to the peak before it is lowered for the day. By "half-staff" is meant lower- 
ing the flag to one-half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff. Crepe 
streamers may be affixed to spear heads or flagstaff's in a parade only by order of 
the President of the United States. 

(n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so placed that the 
union is at the head and over the left shoulder. The flag should not be lowered 
into the grave nor allowed to touch the ground. 

Sec. 176. No disrespect should be shown to the flag of the United States of 
America; the flag should not be dipped to any person or thing. Regimental colors, 
State flags, and organization or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of 
honor. 

(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down save as a signal 
of dire distress. 

(b) The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as the ground, 
the floor, water, or merchandise. 



96 North Carolina Manual 

(c) The flap: should never be carried flat or horizontally, but always aloft 
and free. 

(d) The flap; should never be used as drapery of any sort whatsoever, never 
festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always allowed to fall free. Bunting 
of blue, white and red, always arranged with the blue above, the white in the 
middle, and the red below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping 
the front of a platform, and for decoration in general. 

(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a 
manner as will permit it to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way. 

(f) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling. 

(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor at- 
tached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture or drawing of 
any nature. 

(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, 
carrying, or delivering anything. 

(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in any manner 
whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such articles as cushions or handker- 
chiefs and the like, printed or otherwise impressed on paper napkins or boxes or 
anything that is designed for temporary use and discard; or used as any portion 
of a costume or athletic uniform. Advertising signs should not be fastened to a 
staff or halyard from which the flag is flown. 

(j) The flag, when it is such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem 
for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning. 

Sec. 177. During the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the flag or when the 
flag is passing in a parade or in a review, all persons present should face the flag, 
stand at attention, and salute. Those present in uniform should render the mili- 
tary salute. When not in uniform, men should remove the headdress with the 
right hand holding it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Men 
without hats should salute in the same manner. Aliens should stand at attention. 
Women should salute by placing the right hand over the heart. The salute to the 
flag in the moving column should be rendered at the moment the flag passes. 

Sec. 178. Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag of the 
United States of America, set forth in sections 171-178 of this title, may be altered, 
modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may be prescribed, 
by the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, whenever 
he deems it to be appropriate or desirable; and any such alteration or additional 
rule shall be set forth in a proclamation. 

THE PLEDGE TO THE FLAG* 

"I pledge allegiance to the flag 
of the United States of America, 
And to the Republic for which it stands. 



•(The pledge is taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily.) 



United States of America 97 

One Nation under God, indivisible, 
With liberty and justice for all." 

The Pledge to the Flag, according to a report of the Historical Committee of 
the United States Flag Association (May 18, 1939), was written by Francis 
Bellamy (August 1892), a member of the editorial staff of The Youth's Com- 
panion, in Boston, Massachusetts. . It was first repeated at the exercises in con- 
nection with the celebration of Columbus Day (October 12, 1892, Old Style). The 
idea of this national celebration on Columbus Day was largely that of James B. 
Upham, one of the junior proprietors of The Youth's Companion. 

Francis Hopkinson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was the 
designer of the Stars and Stripes — not Betsy Ross of Philadelphia, who made 
flags. He also designed the first Great Seal of the United States, a number of 
coins and several items of paper currency in the early days of the Republic. 

Hopkinson, born in Philadelphia (September 21, 1737), and a graduate of the 
University of Pennsylvania, was the first native American composer of a secular 
song, "My Days Have Been So Wondrous Free." He was a lawyer and later a 
judge in New Jersey and then in Pennsylvania. He died in Philadelphia (May 9, 
1791). His portrait, painted by himself, hangs in the rooms of the Pennsylvania 
Historical Society, Philadelphia. He played the organ and harpischord. 



THE AMERICAN'S CREED 

I believe in the United States of America, as a government of the people, by 
the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the 
governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign nation of many sovereign 
states; a perfect union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of 
freedom, equality, justice and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed 
their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it, 
to support its constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it 
against all enemies. 



♦(The pledge is taught in many of the schools and repeated by pupils daily.) 



United States of America 99 



THE CAPITOL AT WASHINGTON 

The Capitol building 1 in Washington, D. C, is situated on a plateau 88 feet 
above the level of the Potomac River and covers an area of 153,112 square feet, or 
approximately three and one-half acres. Its length, from north to south, is 751 
feet, four inches; its width, including approaches, is 350 feet; and its location is 
described as being in latitude 38°53'20.4" N. and longitude 70°00'35.7" W. from 
Greenwich. Its height above the base line on the east front to the top of the 
Statue of Freedom is 287 feet, five and one-half inches. The dome is built of iron, 
and the aggregate weight of material used in its construction is 8,909,200 pounds. 

The Statue of Freedom surmounting the dome is of bronze and weighs 14,985 
pounds. It was modeled by Thomas Crawford, father of Francis Marion Craw- 
ford, the novelist, in Rome, and the plaster model shipped to this country. It was 
cast in bronze at the shops of Clark Mills, on the Bladensburg Road, near Wash- 
ington. The cost of the casting and the expenses in connection were $20,796.82, 
and the sculptor was paid $3,000 for the plaster model. It was erected and placed 
in its present position December 2, 1863. 

The grounds have had an area of 58.8 acres, at one time a part of Cern Abby 
Manor, and at an early date was occupied by a subtribe of the Algonquin Indians 
known as the Powhatans, whose council house was then located at the foot of the 
hill. By subsequent purchase of ground at the North of the Capitol and at the 
west of the new House Office building the area of the grounds has been increased 
to 139 Vz acres. 

The Rotunda is 97 feet 6 inches in diameter, and its height from the floor to 
the top of the canopy is 180 feet, 3 inches. 

The Senate Chamber is 113 feet, 3 inches, in length by 80 feet, 3 inches, in 
width and 36 feet in height. The galleries will accommodate 682 persons. 

The Representatives' Hall is 139 feet in length by 93 feet in width and 36 feet 
in height. 

The room, until 1935 the meeting place of the Supreme Court, was, until 
1859, occupied as the Senate Chamber. Previous to that time the court occupied 
the room immediately beneath, now used as a law library. 

The Capitol has a floor area of 14 acres, and 430 rooms are devoted to office, 
committee, and storage purposes. There are 14,518 square feet of skylights, 679 
windows, and 550 doorways. 

The dome receives light through 108 windows, and from the architect's office 
to the dome there are 365 steps, one for each day of the year. 

The southeast cornerstone of the original building was laid September 18, 
1793, by President Washington, with Masonic ceremonies. It is constructed of 
sandstone from quarries on Aquia Creek, Va. The original designs were prepared 
by Dr. William Thornton, and the work was done under the direction of Stephen 
H. Hallet, James Hoban, George Hadfield, and B. H. Latrobe, architects. 



100 North Carolina Manual 

The north wing was finished in 1800 and the south wing in 1811. A wooden 
passageway connected them. On August 24, 1814, the interior of both wings was 
destroyed by fire, set by the British. The damage to the building was immediately 
repaired. 

In 1818 the central portion of the building was commenced under the archi- 
tectural superintendence of Charles Bullfinch. The original building was finally 
completed in 1827. Its cost, including the grading of the grounds, alterations, and 
repairs, up to 1827, was $2,433,844.13. 

The cornerstone of the extensions was laid on the Fourth of July, 1851, by 
President Fillmore, Daniel Webster officiating as orator. The work was prosecuted 
under the architectual direction of Thomas U. Walter until 1865, when he resign- 
ed, and it was completed under the supervision of Edward Clark. The material 
used in the walls is white marble from the quarries of Lee, Massachusetts, and 
that in the columns from the quarries from Cockeysville, Maryland. The House 
extension was first occupied for legislative purposes December 16, 1857, and the 
Senate January 4, 1859. 

The House office building was begun in 1905 and occupied on January 10, 
1908; later a story on top was added. The Senate office building was started in 
1906 and occupied on March 5, 1909. The House building cost, with site, $4,860,155; 
the Senate structure, $5,019,251. 

Among the paintings in the Capitol are: 

In Rotunda: Signing of the Declaration of Independence, Surrender of Gen- 
eral Burgoyne, Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, Va., George Washing- 
ton Resigning His Commission as Commander in Chief of the Army, all by John 
Trumbull. 

Baptism of Pocahontas, by John G. Chapman; Landing of Columbus, by John 
Vanderlyn; Discovery of the Mississippi River by DeSoto, by William H. Powell; 
Embarkation of the Pilgrims, by Robert W. Weir. 

In House Wing: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, by Emanuel 
Leutze; First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation, by Francis Bicknell 
Carpenter. 

In Senate Wing: Battle of Lake Erie, by William H. Powell; Battle of 
Chapultepec, by James Walker. 



United States of America 101 

GOVERNORS OF THE STATES AND TERRITORIES 

George C. Wallace Alabama State Capitol, Montgomery 

Jay S. Hammond Alaska State Capitol, Juneau 

Earl B. Ruth American Samoa Government House, Pago Pago 

Raul H. Castro Arizona State House, Phoenix 

David H. Pryer Arkansas State Capitol, Little Rock 

Edmund G. Brown, Jr California State Capitol, Sacramento 

Richard D. Lawson Colorado State Capitol, Denver 

Ella T. Grasso Connecticut State Capitol, Hartford 

Sherman W. Tribbitt Delaware Legislative Hall, Dover 

Reubin O. D. Askew Florida State Capitol, Tallahassee 

George Busbee Georgia State Capitol, Atlanta 

Ricvardo J. Bordallo Guam Executive Chambers, Agana 

George R. Anyoshi Hawaii Iolani Palace, Honolulu 

Cecil D. Andrus Idaho State Capitol, Bois3 

Daniel Walker Illinois State Capitol, Springfield 

Otis R. Bowen Indiana State Capitol, Indianapolis 

Robert D. Ray Iowa State Capitol, Des Moines 

Robert F. Bennett Kansas State House, Topeka 

Julian M. Carroll Kentucky State Capitol, Frankfort 

Edwin Edwards Louisiana State Capitol, Baton Rouge 

James B. Longley Maine State House, Augusta 

Marvin Mandel Maryland State House, Annapolis 

Michael S. Dukakis Massachusetts State Hou£e, Boston 

William G. Miliken Michigan State Capitol, Lansing 

Wendell R. Anderson Minnesota State Capitol, St. Paul 

William L. Waller Mississippi State Capitol, Jackson 

Christopher S. Bond Missouri State Capitol, Jefferson City 

Thomas L. Judge Montana State Capitol, Helena 

James Exon Nebraska State Capitol, Lincoln 

Mike J. N. O'Callaghan Nevada State Capitol, Carson City 

Meldrim Thomson, Jr New Hampshire State House, Concord 

Brendan T. Byrne New Jersey State House, Trenton 

Jerry Apodaca New Mexico State Capitol, Santa Fe 

Hugh L. Carey New York State Capitol, Albany 

James E. Holshouser, Jr North Carolina State Capitol, Raleigh 

Art! ur A. Link North Dakota State Capitol, Bismarck 

James A. Rhodes Ohio State House, Columbus 

David L. Boren Oklahoma State Capitol, Oklahoma City 

Robert W. Straub Oregon State Capitol, Salem 

Milton B. Shapp Pennsylvania State Capitol, Harrisbur^ 

Rafael H. Colon Puerto Rico La Fortaleza, San Juan 

Philip W. Noel Rhode Island State House, Providence 

James R. Edwards South Carolina State House, Columbia 

Richard S. Kneip South Dakota State Capitol, Pierre 

Ray Blanton Tennessee State Capitol, Nashville 

Dolph Briscoe Texas State Capitol, Austin 

Calvin L. Rampton Utah State Capitol, Salt Lake City 

Thomas P. Salmon Vermont State House, Montpelier 

Miles E. Godwin, Jr Virginia State Capitol, Richmond 

Cyril L. Rampton Virgin Islands Government House, Charlotte 

Amalie, St. Thomas 

Daniel J. Evans Washington State Capitol, Olympia 

Arch A. Moore, Jr West Virginia State Capitol, Charleston 

Patrick J. Lucey Wisconsin State Capitol, Madison 

Ed Herschler Wyoming State Capitol, Cheyenne 



PART II 

CENSUS 



Census 105 

POPULATION OF THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Nineteenth Census of the United States: 1970 

The population of North Carolina's urban places continued to grow faster 
than of the rural areas between 1960 and 1970, according to the nineteenth decen- 
nial census, issued by George H. Brown, Director of the Bureau of the Census, 
Department of Commerce. 

Final figures show that the urban population increased from 1,801,921 in 1960 
to 2,285,168 in 1970, or 26.8 per cent, while the rural population increased from 
2,754,234 in 1960 to 2,796,891 in 1970 or an increase of only 1.5 percent. The final 
count of the Nineteenth Census for the State on April 1, 1970, was 5,082,059 com- 
pared to 4,556,155 in 1960, or an increase of 11.5 per cent. Urban residents ac- 
counted for 45 per cent of the State's population in 1970 as compared with 39.5 
per cent in 1960. Rural areas in 1970 accounted for 55 per cent of the total popu- 
lation. The Census Bureau considers as urban areas the incorporated places of 
2,500 or more, or unincorporated places of 2,500 or more located outside urbanized 
areas. The remaining territory is classified as rural. 

There were 38 incorporated places of 10,000 or more in 1970. Three of these 
(Asheboro, Eden and Morganton) reached that size since 1960. Charlotte remains 
the State's largest city with a population of 241,178 followed in order by Greens- 
boro with 144,076 and Winston-Salem with 132,913. 

According to final figures of the 1970 census, 62, of the counties gained in 
population. Cumberland County showed the greatest gain with an increase of 42.9 
per cent. Wake County placed second with an increase of 35.1 per cent while 
Orange was third with a 34.3 per cent gain. 

The first census of North Carolina was taken in 1790, returning a population 
of 393,751. The population has shown an increase at every census since that time. 
The population passed 1,000,000 between 1860 and 1870, 2,000,000 between 1900 
and 1910, 3,000,000 between 1920 and 1930, 4,000,000 between 1940 and 1950, 
4,500,000 between 1950 and 1960, and 5,000,000 between 1960 and 1970. The present 
population (1970) represents a density of 96.4 inhabitants per square mile. North 
Carolina's total area in square miles is 52,712. Land area is 48,798 square miles; 
water area is 3,914 square miles. 

The tables that follow give various population figures based on tabulations 
made during the 1970 census and corrections of initial errors and subsequent 
changes that have occured since April 1, 1970. 



Census 



107 



TABLE 1. STATE POPULATION STATISTICS 



1-A. Statewide 



Census Date 



Population 



Change from preceding Census 
(Number) I Percent) 



July 1, 1973* 5,273,000 191,000 3.8 

April 1, 1970 5,082,059 525,904 11.5 

April 1, 1960 4,556,155 494,226 12.2 

April 1, 1950 4,061,929 490,306 13.7 

"This is an estimate based on reported birth, deaths, etc. since the official census of 197U. 
are rounded off to the nearest thousand. 



Numbe.s 



1-B. Urban Areas 



Cent as Date 



Places of 

J500 or 

More 



Population 



Change from 

Preceding Census 

(Number) (Percent) 



April 1, 1970 138 2,285,168 483,247 26.8 

April 1, 1960 125 1,801,921 433,820 31.7 

April 1, 1950 107 1,368,101 — 



Percent of 
Total State 
Population 

45.0 
39.5 
33.7 



1-C. Rural Areas 



Census Date Population 

April 1, 1970 2,796,891 

April 1, 1960 2,754,234 

April 1, 1950 2,693,828 



Change from 


Percent of 


Preceding Census 


Total State 


(Number) (Percent) 


Population 


42,657 1.5 


55.0 


60,406 2.2 


60.5 




66.3 



108 



North Carolina Manual 



TABLE 2. COUNTY POPULATION STATISTICS, 1970 



1970 Population 



ha nd 

area in 

square 

miles, 

1970 

Alamance 428 

Alexander 259 

Alleghany 225 

Anson 533 

Ashe 42(1 

Avery 245 

Beaufort 826 

Bertie 698 

Bladen 883 

Brunswick 85G 

Buncombe 657 

Burke 511 

Cabarrus 363 

Caldwell 469 

Camden 239 

Carteret 536 

Caswell 428 

Catawba 394 

Chatham 709 

Cherokee 452 

Chowan 173 

Clay 209 

Cleveland 468 

Columbus 945 

Craven 699 

Cumberland 654 

Currituck 246 

Dare 391 

Davidson 549 

Davie 265 

Duplin 815 

Durham 295 

Edgecombe 510 

Forsyth 419 

P'ranklin 491 

Gaston 356 

Gates 337 

Graham 292 

Granville 637 

Greene 267 

Guilford 655 

Halifax 734 

Harnett 603 

Haywood 551 

Henderson 378 

Hertford 353 

Hoke 389 

Hyde 613 

Iredell 572 

Jackson 491 

Johnston 797 

Jones 467 



ToU 


ll 


Vrh, 


I n 


Piiral 


Populc 


tion 


Pop ul a 


t io n 


Popul 


at ion 




Pit 




Percent 




Percent 




square 




of 




-'/ 


Number 


mile 


Total 


Total 


Total 


Total 


96,362 


225.1 


50.497 


52.4 


45,865 


47.6 


19,466 


75.2 


— 




19,466 


100.0 


8,134 


36.2 






8,134 


100.0 


23.488 


44.1 


3,977 


16.9 


19,511 


83.1 


19,571 


45.9 




— 


19,571 


100.0 


12,655 


51.7 


— 




12,655 


100.0 


35,980 


43.6 


8,961 


24.9 


27,019 


75.1 


20,528 


29.4 


— 


— 


20,528 


100.0 


26,477 


30.0 


— 


— 


26,477 


100.0 


24,223 


28.3 


— 


- 


24,223 


100.0 


145,056 


220.8 


75,655 


52.2 


69 401 


47.8 


60,364 


118.1 


17,186 


28.5 


43,178 


71.5 


74,629 


205.6 


47,763 


64.0 


26,866 


36.0 


56,699 


120.9 


17,525 


30.9 


39,174 


69.1 


5,453 


22.8 


— 


— 


5,453 


100.0 


31,603 


59.0 


8,601 


27.2 


23,002 


72.8 


19.055 


44.5 


— 


— 


19.055 


100.0 


90,873 


230.6 


38,943 


42.9 


51,930 


57.1 


29.554 


41.7 


4,689 


15.9 


24,865 


84.1 


16,330 


36.1 


— 


— 


16,330 


100.0 


10,764 


62.2 


4,766 


44.3 


5 998 


55.7 


5,180 


24.8 


— 




5.180 


100.0 


72,556 


155.0 


24,651 


34.0 


47.905 


66.0 


46.937 


49.7 


4,195 


8.9 


42,742 


91.1 


62,554 


89.5 


34,549 


55.2 


28,005 


54.8 


212,042 


324.2 


161,370 


76.1 


60,672 


23.9 


6,976 


28.4 


— 


— 


6,976 


100.0 


6 995 


17.9 


— 


— 


6.995 


100.0 


95,627 


174.2 


35,450 


37.1 


60,177 


62.9 


18,855 


71.2 


2.529 


13.4 


16,326 


86.6 


38,015 


46.6 


5,648 


14.9 


32 367 


85.1 


132,681 


449.8 


100,768 


75.9 


31.913 


74.1 


52,341 


102.6 


24,677 


47.1 


27,664 


52.9 


215,118 


513.4 


147,399 


68.8 


66,949 


31.2 


26,820 


54.6 


2,941 


11.0 


23,879 


89.0 


148,415 


416.9 


89.523 


60.3 


58,892 


39.7 


8,524 


25.3 


— 


- 


8,524 


100.0 


6,562 


22.5 


— 


— 


6,562 


100.0 


32,762 


61.0 


10.716 


32.7 


22,046 


67.3 


14,967 


56.1 


— 


— 


14,967 


100.0 


288,590 


440.6 


220.127 


76.3 


68 463 


23.7 


53,884 


73.4 


19,649 


36.5 


34,235 


63.5 


49,667 


82.4 


11.154 


22.5 


38,513 


77.5 


41,710 


75.7 


11,646 


27.9 


30,064 


72.1 


42,804 


113.2 


12,003 


28.0 


30.801 


72.0 


23 529 


66.7 


8,613 


36.6 


14,916 


63.4 


16,436 


42.3 


3,180 


19.3 


13,256 


80.7 


5,571 


9.1 


— 


— 


5,571 


100.0 


72,197 


126.2 


31,883 


44.2 


40,314 


55.8 


21,593 


44.0 


— 


— 


21.593 


100.0 


61,737 


77.5 


14,136 


22.9 


47,601 


77.1 


9,779 


20.9 


— 


— 


9,779 


100.0 



Census 



109 



TABLE 2. (Continued) 

Land Total 

area in Population 

square Per 
miles, square 

1970 Number mile 

Lee 256 30,467 119.0 

Lenoir 400 55,204 138.0 

Lincoln 297 32,682 110.0 

McDowell 436 30,648 70.3 

Macon 513 15,788 30.8 

Madison 450 16,003 35.6 

Martin 455 24,730 54.4 

Mecklenburg 530 354,656 669.2 

Mitchell 215 13,447 62.5 

Montgomery 488 19,267 39.5 

Moore 704 39,048 55.5 

Nash 544 59,122 108.7 

New Hanover 185 82*,996 448.6 

Northampton 536 24,009 44.8 

Onslow 765 103,126 134.8 

Orange 400 57,707 144.3 

Pamlico 338 9,467 28.0 

Pasquotank 228 26,824 117.6 

Pender 871 18,149 20.8 

Perquimans 246 8,351 33.9 

Person 401 25,914 64.6 

Pitt 655 73,900 112.8 

Polk 239 11,735 49.1 

Randolph 798 76,358 95.7 

Richmond 475 39,889 84.0 

Robeson 949 84,842 89.4 

Rockingham 569 72,402 127.2 

Rowan 523 90,035 172.2 

Rutherford 563 47,337 84.1 

Sampson 945 44,954 47.6 

Scotland 319 26*929 84.4 

Stanly 398 42,822 107.6 

Stokes 457 23,782 52.0 

Surry 536 51,415 95.9 

Swain 524 8,835 16.9 

Transylvania 382 19,713 51.6 

Tyrrell 390 3,806 9.8 

Union 639 54,714 85.6 

Vance 249 32,691 131.3 

Wake 858 229,006 267.7 

Warren 424 15,810 37.3 

Washington 343 14,038 40.9 

Watauga 317 23,404 73.8 

Wayne 557 85,408 153.3 

Wilkes 757 49.524 65.4 

Wilson 375 57,486 153.3 

Yadkin 336 24,599 73.2 

Yancey 312 12,629 40.5 



1970 Population 

Urban 
Population 

Percent 
of 
Total Total 



Rural 
Population 

Percent 
of 
Total Total 



11,716 

24,867 
5,293 

9,384 



6,570 
282,461 



5,937 
19,032 
57,645 



59.269 
29,005 

14,069 



5,370 
36*937 



23,060 
13,337 
23,171 
32,382 
37,931 

14,272 
7,157 
8,859 

11*126 



12,859 

5,243 

13,851 

13,896 
159,013 

4,774 
8,754 

39.854 

3,357 

29,347 



38.5 
45.0 
16.2 

30.6 



26.6 
79.6 



15.2 
32.2 
69.5 



57.5 
50.3 

52.4 



20.7 
50.0 



30.2 
33.4 
27.3 
44.7 
42.1 

30.1 
15.9 
32.9 
26.0 



25.0 
26.6 
25.3 

42.5 
69.6 

34.0 
37.4 

46.7 

6.8 

51.1 



18,751 
30,337 
27,389 

21,264 
15,788 
16,003 
18,160 
72,195 

13,447 
19*267 
33.111 
40,090 
25,351 

24,009 
43,857 
28,702 
9,467 
12,755 

18,149 
8,351 
20,544 
36,963 
11,735 

53,298 
26,552 
61,671 
40,020 
52,104 

33,065 
37,797 
18,070 
31,696 
23,782 

38,556 
7,861 

14,470 
3,806 

40,863 

18,795 
69,440 
15,810 
9,264 
14*650 

45,554 
46,167 
28,139 
24,599 
12,629 



61.5 
55.0 
83.8 

69.4 

100.0 

100.0 

73.4 

20.7 

100.0 

100.0 

84.8 

67.8 

30.5 

100.0 
42.5 
49.7 

100.0 
47.6 

100.0 

100.0 

79.3 

50.0 

100.0 

69.8 
66.6 
72.7 
55.3 
57.9 

69.9 
84.1 
67.1 
74.0 
100.0 

75.0 
100.0 

73.4 
100.0 

74.7 

57.5 
30.4 
100.0 
66.0 
62.6 

53.3 

93.2 

48.9 

100.0 

100.0 



110 North Carolina Manual 

TABLE 3. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
10,000 OR MORE 

1970 1960 Percent 

City or Tuirii County Population Population Change 

Albemarle Stanly 11,126 12,261 -9.3 

Asheboro Randolph 15,241 9,449 66.3 

Asheville Buncombe 57,681 60,192 -4.2 

Burlington Alamance 35,930 33,199 8.2 

Chapel Hill Durham, Orange 25,537 12,573 103.1 

Charlotte Mecklenburg 241,178 201,178 19.7 

Concord Cabarrus 18,464 17,799 3.7 

Durham Durham 95,438 78,302 21.9 

Eden Rockingham 15,871 — 

Elizabeth City Pasquotank 14,381 14,062 2.3 

Fayetteville Cumberland 53,510 47,106 13.3 

Gastonia Gaston 47,142 37,276 26.5 

Goldsboro Wayne 26,960 28,873 -7.0 

Greensboro Guilford 144,076 119,574 20.7 

Greenville Pitt 29,063 22,860 27.1 

Henderson Vance 13,896 12,740 9.1 

Hickory Burke, Catawba 20,569 19,328 6.4 

Davidson, Guilford, 

High Point Randolph 63,259 62,063 1.8 

Jacksonville Onslow 16,289 13,491 21.8 

Kinston Lenoir 23,020 24,819 -5.0 

Lenoir Caldwell 14,705 10,257 43.4 

Lexington Davidson 17,205 16,093 6.9 

Lumberton Robeson 16,961 15,305 66.6 

Monroe Union 11,282 10,882 7.3 

Morganton Burke 13,625 9,186 48.3 

New Bern Craven 14,660 15,717 -6.7 

Raleigh Wake 123,793 93,931 31.4 

Reidsville Rockingham 13,636 14,267 -4.4 

Roanoke Rapids Halifax 13,999 13,320 1.4 

Rocky Mount Edgecombe, Nash 34,284 32,147 6.6 

Salisbury Rowan 22,515 21,297 5.7 

Sanford Lee 11,716 12,253 -4.4 

Shelby Cleveland 16,328 17,698 -7.7 

Statesville Iredell 20,007 19,844 1.0 

Thomasville Davidson 15,230 15,190 0.3 

Wilmington New Hanover 46,169 44,013 4.9 

Wilson Wilson 29,347 28,753 2.1 

Winston-Salem Forsyth 133,683 111,135 20.1 



Census 111 

TABLE 4. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
2,500-9,999 INHABITANTS 

1970 

City or Town County Population 

Ahoskie Hertford 5,105 

Archdale Randolph 4,874 

Ayden Pitt 3,450 

Beaufort Carteret 3,368 

Belmont Gaston 5,054 

Bessemer City Gaston 4,991 

Black Mountain Buncombe 3,204 

Boone Watauga 8,754 

Brevard Transylvania 5,412 

Canton Haywood 5,158 

Carrboro Orange 7,686 

Cary Wake 7,435 

Cherryville Gaston 5,258 

Clayton Johnston 3,103 

Clinton Sampson 7,157 

Conover Catawba 3,355 

Dallas Gaston 4,059 

Davidson Mecklenburg 2,931 

Dunn Harnett 8,302 

Edenton Chowan 4,956 

Elkin Surry, Wilkes 2,899 

Enfield Halifax 3,272 

Erwin Harnett 2,852 

Fairmont Robeson 2,827 

Farmville Pitt 4,424 

Forest City Rutherford 7,179 

Fuquay-Varina Wake 3,576 

Garner Wake 4,923 

Graham Alamance 8,172 

Hamlet Richmond 4,627 

Havelock Craven 5,283 

Hendersonville Henderson 6,443 

Hudson Caldwell 2,820 

Kernersville Forsyth 4,992 

Kings Mountain Cleveland, Gaston 8,465 

La Grange Lenoir 2,679 

Laurinburg Scotland 8,859 

Lincolnton Lincoln 5,293 

Longview Burke, Catawba 3,360 

Louisburg Franklin 2,941 

Lowell Gaston 3,307 

Marion McDowell 3,335 

Mayodan Rockingham 2,875 

Mocksville Davie 2,529 

Mooresville Iredell 8,808 



112 North Carolina Manual 

TABLE 4. (Continued) 

li)70 
City <>r Town County Population 

Morehead City Carteret 5,233 

Mount Airy Surry 7,325 

Mount Holly Gaston 5,107 

Mount Olive Duplin, Wayne 4,914 

Murfreesboro Hertford 3,508 

Newton Catawba 7,857 

North Wilkesboro Wilkes 3,357 

Oxford Granville 7,178 

Plymouth Washington 4,774 

Ra'eford Hoke 3,180 

Red Springs Robeson 3,383 

Rockingham Richmond 6,255 

Roxboro Person 5,370 

Rutherfordton Rutherford 3,245 

Scotland Neck Halifax 2,869 

Selma Johnston 4,356 

Siler City Chatham 4,689 

Smithfield Johnston 6,677 

Southern Pines Moore 5,937 

Spencer ..Rowan 3,075 

Spindale Rutherford 3,848 

Spring Lake Cumberland 3,968 

Tarboro Edgecombe 9,425 

Valdese Burke 3,182 

Wadesboro Anson 3,977 

Wake Forest Wake 3,148 

Wallace Duplin 2,905 

Warsaw Duplin 2,701 

Washington Beaufort 8,961 

Waynesville Haywood 6.488 

Whiteville Columbus 4,195 

Williamston Martin 6,570 

Wingate Union 2,569 

Woodfin Buncombe 2,831 



Census 113 

TABLE 5. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
1,000 TO 2,499 

1970 
City or Town County Population 

Aberdeen Moore 1,592 

Andrews Cherokee 1,384 

Angier Harnett 1,431 

Apex Wake 2,234 

Belhaven Beaufort 2,259 

Benson Johnston 2,267 

Bethel Pitt 1,514 

Beaulaville Duplin 1,156 

Biltmore Forest Buncombe 1,298 

Biscoe Montgomery 1,244 

Boiling Springs Cleveland 2,284 

Bryson City Swain 1,290 

Burgaw Pender 1,744 

Burnsville Yancey 1,348 

Carolina Beach New Hanover 1,663 

Carthage Moore 1,034 

Chadbourn Columbus 2,213 

China Grove Rowan 1,788 

Coats Harnett 1,051 

Cornelius Mecklenburg 1,296 

Cramerton Gaston 2,142 

Creedmore Granville 1,405 

Denton Davidson 1,017 

Drexel Burke 1,431 

East Spencer Rowan 2,217 

Elizabethtown Bladen 1,418 

Elm City Wilson 1,201 

Elon College Alamance 2,150 

Fair Bluff Columbus 1,039 

Fletcher Henderson 1,164 

Four Oaks Johnston 1,057 

Franklin Macon 2,336 

Franklinton Franklin 1,459 

Fremont Wayne 1,596 

Gaston Northampton 1,105 

Gibsonville Alamance, Guilford 2,019 

Granite Falls Caldwell 2,388 

Granite Quarry Rowan 1,344 

Grifton Lenoir, Pitt 1,860 

Haw River Alamance 1,944 

Hazelwood Haywood 2,057 

Hertford Perquimans 2,023 

Hillsboro Orange 1,444 

Hope Mills Cumberland 1,866 



114 North Carolina Manual 

TABLE 5. (Continued) 

1970 
City or Town County Population 

Huntersville Mecklenburg 1,538 

Jamestown Guilford 1,297 

Jonesville Yadkin 1,659 

Kenly Johnston 1,370 

Landis Rowan 2,297 

Liberty Randolph 2,167 

Lillington Harnett 1,155 

Locust Stanly 1,484 

Madison Rockingham 2,018 

Maiden Catawba 2,416 

Mars Hill Madison 1,623 

Marshville Union 1,405 

Maxton Robeson 1,885 

Mebane Alamance, Orange 2,433 

Mount Gilead Montgomery 1,286 

Mount Pleasant Cabarrus 1,174 

Murphy Cherokee 2,082 

Nashville Nash 1,670 

Newport Carteret 1,735 

Norwood Stanly 1,896 

Pembroke Robeson 1,982 

Pilot Mountain Surry 1,309 

Pinetops Edgecombe 1,379 

Pineville Mecklenburg 1,948 

Pittsboro Chatham 1,447 

Princeton Johnston 1,044 

Princeville Edgecombe 1,511 

Ramseur Randolph 1,328 

Randleman Randolph 2,312 

Ranlo Gaston 2,092 

Rich Square Northampton 1,254 

Robbins Moore 1,059 

Robersonville Martin 1,910 

Roseboro Sampson 1,235 

Rose Hill Duplin 1,448 

Rowland Robeson 1,358 

St. Pauls Robeson 2,011 

Snow Hill Greene 1,359 

Southport Brunswick 2,220 

Sparta Alleghany 1,304 

Spring Hope Nash 1,334 

Spruce Pine Mitchell 2,333 

Stanley Gaston 2,336 

Stoneville Rockingham 1,030 

Swansboro Onslow 1,207 



Census 115 

TABLE 5. (Continued) 

1970 

City or Town County Population 

Sylva Jackson 1,561 

Tabor City Columbus 2,400 

Taylorsville Alexander 1,231 

Troy Montgomery 2,429 

Tryon Polk 1,951 

Walnut Cove Stokes 1,213 

Warrenton Warren 1,035 

Waxhaw Union 1,248 

Weaverville Buncombe 1,280 

Weldon Halifax 2,304 

Wendell Wake , 1,929 

Wilkesboro Wilkes 1,974 

Windsor Bertie 2,199 

Winterville Pitt 1,437 

Wrightsville Beach New Hanover 1,701 

Yadkinville Yadkin 2,232 

Zebulon Wake 1,914 



116 North Carolina Manual 

TABLE 6. POPULATION OF INCORPORATED PLACES OF 
LESS THAN 1,000 

197U 
City <>r Town County Population 

Alexander Mills Rutherford 988 

Alliance Pamlico 577 

Ansonville Anson 694 

Arapahoe Pamlico 212 

Arlington Yadkin 711 

Askewville Bertie 247 

Atkinson Pender 325 

Atlantic Beach Carteret 300 

Aulander Bertie 947 

Aurora Beaufort 620 

Autryville Sampson 213 

Bailey Nash 724 

Bakersville Mitchell 409 

Banner Elk Avery 754 

Bath Beaufort 231 

Battleboro Edgecombe, Nash 562 

Bayboro Pamlico 821 

Beargrass Martin 91) 

Black Creek Wilson 449 

Bladenboro Bladen 783 

Blowing Rock Caldwell, Watauga 801 

Boiling Spring Lakes Brunswick 245 

Bolivia Brunswick 185 

Bolton Columbus 534 

Boonville Yadkin 687 

Bostic Rutherford 289 

Bridgeton Craven 520 

Broadway Lee 694 

Brookford Catawba 590 

Brunswick Columbus 206 

Bunn Franklin -.— - 284 

Calypso Duplin 462 

Cameron Moore 204 

Candor Montgomery 561 

Cape Carteret Carteret 616 

Cashiers Jackson 230 

Castalia Nash 265 

Catawba Catawba 565 

Centerville Franklin 123 

Cerro Gordo Columbus 322 

Chadwick Acres Onslow 12 

Chocowinity Beaufort 566 

Claremont Catawba 788 

Clarkton Bladen 662 

Cleveland Rowan 614 



Census 117 

TABLE 6. (Continued) 

1970 
City or Town County Population 

Clyde Haywood 814 

Cofield Hertford 318 

Colerain Bertie 373 

Columbia Tyrrell 902 

Columbus Polk 731 

Como Hertford 211 

Conetoe Edgecombe 160 

Conway Northampton 694 

Cove City Craven 485 

Creswell Washington 633 

Crossnore Avery 264 

Culberson Cherokee 83 

Danbury „ Stokes 152 

Dellview Gaston 11 

Dillsboro Jackson 215 

Dobson Surry 933 

Dover Craven 585 

Dublin Bladen 283 

Dudley Wayne 199 

Dundarrach Hoke 53 

East Bend Yadkin 485 

East Laurinburg Scotland 487 

Elk Park Avery 503 

Ellenboro Rutherford 465 

Ellerbe Richmond 913 

Emerald Isle Carteret 122 

Eureka Wayne 263 

Everetts Martin 198 

Faison Duplin 598 

Faith Rowan 506 

Falcon Cumberland 357 

Falkland Pitt 130 

Fountain Pitt 434 

Franklinville Randolph 794 

Garland Sampson 656 

Garysburg Northampton 231 

Gatesville Gates 338 

Gibson Scotland 502 

Glen Alpine Burke 797 

Godwin Cumberland 129 

Gold Point Martin 108 

Goldston Chatham 364 

Grimesland Pitt 394 

Grover Cleveland 555 

Guilford College Guilford 61 

Halifax Halifax 335 



118 North Carolina Manual 

TABLE 6. (Continued) 

1970 
City or Town County Population 

Hamilton Martin 579 

Harmony Iredell 377 

Harrells Duplin, Sampson 249 

Harrellsville Hertford 165 

Hassell Martin 160 

Hayesville Clay 428 

High Shoals Gaston 563 

Highlands Macon 583 

Hildebran Burke 521 

Hobgood Halifax 530 

Hoffman Richmond 434 

Holden Beach Brunswick 136 

Holly Ridge Onslow 415 

Holly Springs Wake 697 

Hookerton Greene 441 

Hot Springs ... Madison 653 

Indian Beach Carteret 245 

Indian Trail Union 405 

Jackson Northampton 762 

Jamesville Martin 533 

Jefferson Ashe 943 

Jupiter Buncombe 208 

Kelford Bertie 295 

Kenansville Duplin 762 

Kill Devil Hills Dare 357 

Kittrell Vance 427 

Knightdale Wake 815 

Kure Beach New Hanover 394 

Lake Lure Rutherford 456 

Lake Waccamaw Columbus 924 

Lansing Ashe 283 

Lasker Northampton 114 

Lattimore Cleveland 257 

Laurel Park Henderson 581 

Lawndale Cleveland 544 

Lewiston Bertie 327 

Lilesville Anson 641 

Linden Cumberland 205 

Littleton Halifax, Warren 903 

Long Beach Brunswick 493 

Love Valley Tredell 40 

Lucama Wilson 610 

Lumber Bridge Robeson 117 

McAdenville Gaston 950 

McDonald Robeson 80 



Census 119 

TABLE 6. (Continued) 

1970 
City or Town County Population 

McFarlan Anson 140 

Macclesfield Edgecombe 536 

Macon Warren 179 

Magnolia Duplin 614 

Manteo Dare 547 

Marietta Robeson 70 

Marshall Madison 982 

Matthews Mecklenburg 783 

Maury Greene 421 

Maysville Jones 912 

Micro Johnston 300 

Middleburg Vance 149 

Middlesex Nash 729 

Milton Caswell 235 

Minnesott Beach Pamlico 41 

Montreat Buncombe 581 

Morrisville Wake 209 

Morven Anson 562 

Nags Head Dare 414 

Newland Avery 524 

New London Stanly 285 

Newton Grove Sampson 546 

Norlina Warren 969 

Oakboro Stanly 568 

Oak City Martin 559 

Ocean Isle Beach Brunswick 78 

Old Fort McDowell 676 

Oriental Pamlico 445 

Orrum Robeson 162 

Palmyra Halifax 27 

Pantego Beaufort 218 

Parkton Robeson 550 

Parmele Martin 373 

Peachland Anson 556 

Pikeville Wayne 580 

Pinebluff Moore 570 

Pine Level Johnston 983 

Pink Hill Lenoir 522 

Polkton Anson 845 

Polkville Cleveland 494 

Pollocksville Jones 456 

Powellsville Bertie 247 

Proctorville Robeson 157 

Red Oak Nash 359 

Rhodhiss Burke, Caldwell 784 



120 North Carolina Manual 

TABLE 6. (Continued) 

1970 
City <>r Town County Population 

Richfield Stanly 306 

Richlands Onslow 935 

Robbinsville Graham 777 

Rockwell Rowan 999 

Rolesville Wake 533 

Ronda Wilkes 465 

Roper Washington 649 

Rosman Transylvania 407 

Roxobel Bertie 347 

Ruth Rutherford 360 

Salemburg Sampson 669 

Saluda Polk 546 

Saratoga Wilson 391 

Seaboard Northampton 611 

Seagrove Randolph 354 

Seven Springs Wayne 188 

Severn Northampton 356 

Shallotte Brunswick 597 

Sharpsburg Edgecombe, Nash, Wilson 789 

Sims Wilson 205 

South Wadesboro Anson 109 

Speed Edgecombe 142 

Spencer Mountain Gaston 300 

Staley Randolph 239 

Stanfield Stanly 458 

Stantonsburg Wilson 869 

Star Montgomery 892 

Stedman Cumberland 505 

Stem Granville 242 

Stonewall Pamlico 335 

Stovall Granville 405 

Sunset Beach Brunswick 108 

Surf City Pender 166 

Tarheel Bladen 87 

Teacheys Duplin 219 

Topsail Beach Pender 108 

Trenton Jones 539 

Trent Woods Craven 719 

Troutman Iredell 797 

Turkey Sampson 329 

Vanceboro Craven 758 

Vandemere Pamlico 379 

Vass Moore 885 

Waco Cleveland 245 

Wade Cumberland 315 



Census 121 

TABLE 6. (Continued) 

1970 
City or Town County Population 

Wagram Scotland 718 

Walstonburg Greene 176 

Washington Park Beaufort 517 

Watha Pender 181 

Webster Jackson 181 

West Jefferson Ashe 889 

Whispering Pines Edgecombe, Nash 926 

Whitakers Moore 362 

White Lake Bladen 232 

Winfall Perquimans 581 

Winton Hertford 917 

Woodland Northampton 744 

Woodville Bertie 253 

Yaupon Beach Brunswick 334 

Youngsville Franklin 555 



122 North Carolina Manual 

RESIDENT POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES 

AS OF APRIL 1, 1970 

Ana Population Change, 1960 to 1970 

(1970) (19<W) (Number) (Percent) 

Alabama 3,444,165 3,266,740 177,425 5.4 

Alaska 302,173 226,167 76,006 33.6 

Arizona 1,772,482 1,302,101 470,321 36.1 

Arkansas 1,923,295 1,786,272 137,023 7.7 

California 19,953,134 15,717,204 4,235,930 27.0 

Colorado 2,207,259 1,753,947 453,312 25.8 

Connecticut 3,032,217 2,535,234 496,983 19.6 

Delaware 548,104 446,292 101,812 22.8 

District of Columbia 756,510 763,956 -7,446 -1.0 

Florida 6,789,443 4,951,560 1,837,883 37.1 

Georgia 4,589,575 3,943,116 646,459 16.4 

Hawaii 769,913 632,772 137,141 21.7 

Idaho 713,008 667,191 45,817 6.9 

Illinois 11,113,976 10,081,158 1,032,818 10.2 

Indiana 5,193,669 4,662,498 531,171 11.4 

Iowa 2,825,041 2,757,537 67,504 2.4 

Kansas 2,249,071 2,178,611 70,460 3.2 

Kentucky 3,219,311 3,038,156 181,155 6.0 

Louisiana 3,643,180 3,257,022 386,158 11.9 

Maine 993,663 969,265 24,398 2.5 

Maryland 3,922,399 3,100,689 821,710 26.5 

Massachusetts 5,689,170 5,148,578 540,592 10.5 

Michigan 8,875,083 7,823,194 1,051,889 13.4 

Minnesota 3,805,069 3,413,864 391,205 11.5 

Mississippi 2,216,912 2,178,141 38,771 1.8 

Missouri 4,677,399 4,319,813 357,586 8.3 

Montana 694,409 674,767 19,642 2.9 

Nebraska 1,483,791 1,411,330 72,461 5.1 

Nevada 488,738 285,278 203,460 71.3 

New Hampshire 737,681 606,921 130,760 21.5 

New Jersey 7,168,164 6,066,782 1,101,382 18.2 

New Mexico 1,016,000 951,023 64,977 6.8 

New York 18,190,740 16,782,304 1,408,436 8.4 

North Carolina 5,082,059 4,556,155 525,904 11.5 

North Dakota 617,761 632,446 -14,685 -2.3 

Ohio 10,652,017 9,706,397 945,620 9.7 

Oklahoma 2,559,253 2,328,284 230,969 9.9 

Oregon 2,091,385 1,768,687 322,698 18.2 

Pennsylvania 11,793,909 11,319,366 474,543 4.2 

Rhode Island 949,723 859,488 90,235 10.5 

South Carolina 2,590,516 2,382,594 207,922 8.7 

South Dakota 666,257 680,514 -14,257 -2.1 

Tennessee 3,924,164 3,567,089 357,075 10.0 

Texas 11,196,730 9,579,677 1,617,053 16.9 

Utah 1,059,273 890,627 168,646 18.9 

Vermont 444,732 389,881 54,851 14.1 

Virginia 4,648,494 3,966,949 681,545 17.2 

Washington 3,409,169 2,853,214 555,955 19.5 

West Virginia 1,744,237 1,860,421 -116,184 -6.2 



Census 123 



Area Population 

(1970) (1960) (Number) (Percent) 

Wisconsin 4,417,933 3,951,777 466,156 11.8 

Wyoming 332,416 330,066 2,350 0.7 

United States 203,184,772 179,323,175 23,861,597 13.3 



PART III 
POLITICAL 



Election Districts 127 

Chapter One 
NORTH CAROLINA ELECTION DISTRICTS 



CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS 

(Chapter 257, Session Laws 1971) 

First District — Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Carteret, Chowan, Craven, Curri- 
tuck, Dare, Gates, Greene, Hertford, Hyde, Jones, Lenoir, Martin, Pamlico, Pas- 
quotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Washington. 

Second District — Caswell, Edgecombe, Franklin, Granville, Halifax, Nash, 
Northampton, Orange, Person, Vance, Warren and Wilson. 

Third District — Bladen, Duplin, Harnett, Johnston, Lee, Onslow, Pender, 
Sampson and Wayne. 

Fourth District — Chatham, Durham, Randolph and Wake. 

Fifth District — Alleghany, Ashe, Davidson, Forsyth, Stokes, Surry and 
Wilkes. 

Sixth District — Alamance, Guilford and Rockingham. 

Seventh District — Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, Hoke, New Hanover 
and Robeson. 

Eighth District — Anson, Cabarrus, Davie, Montgomery, Moore, Richmond, 
Rowan, Scotland, Stanly, Union and Yadkin. 

Ninth District — Iredell, Lincoln and Mecklenburg. 

Tenth District — Alexander, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cleveland, Gaston and 
Watauga. 

Eleventh District — Avery, Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, 
Henderson, Jackson, McDowell, Macon, Madison, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, 
Swain, Transylvania and Yancey. 



Election Districts 129 

APPORTIONMENT OF SENATORS BY DISTRICTS 

IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CENSUS OF 1970 

AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 1177, Session Laws 1971) 

First District — Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, 
Hertford, Hyde, Northampton, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell, and Washington 
shall elect two Senators. 

Second District — Carteret, Craven, and Pamlico shall elect one Senator. 

Third District — Onslow shall elect one Senator. 

Fourth District — New Hanover and Pender shall elect one Senator. 

Fifth District — Duplin, Jones, and Lenoir shall elect one Senator. 

Sixth District — Edgecombe, Halifax, Martin, and Pitt shall elect two Senators. 

Seventh District — Franklin, Nash, Vance, Warren, and Wilson shall elect two 
Senators. 

Eighth District — Greene and Wayne shall elect one Senator. 

Ninth District — Johnston and Sampson shall elect one Senator. 

Tenth District — Cumberland shall elect two Senators. 

Eleventh District — Bladen, Brunswick, and Columbus shall elect one Senator. 

Twelfth District — Hoke and Robeson shall elect one Senator. 

Thirteenth District — Durham, Granville, and Person shall elect two Senators. 

Fourteenth District — Harnett, Lee, and Wake shall elect three Senators. 

Fifteenth District — Alleghany, Ashe, Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, and 
Surry shall elect two Senators. 

Sixteenth District — Chatham, Moore, Orange, and Randolph shall elect two 
Senators. 

Seventeenth District — Anson, Montgomery, Richmond, Scotland, Stanly, and 
Union shall elect two Senators. 

Eighteenth District — Alamance shall elect one Senator. 

Nineteenth District — Guilford shall elect three Senators. 

Twentieth District — Forsyth shall elect two Senators. 

Twenty-first District — Davidson, Davie, and Rowan shall elect two Senators. 

Twenty-second District — Cabarrus and Mecklenburg shall elect four Senators. 

Twenty-third District — Alexander, Catawba, Iredell, and Yadkin shall elect 
two Senators. 



130 North Carolina Manual 

Twenty-fourth District — Avery, Burke, Caldwell, Mitchell, Watauga, and 
Wilkes shall elect two Senators. 

Twenty-fifth District — Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln, and Rutherford shall elect 
three Senators. 

Twenty-sixth District — Buncombe, Madison, McDowell, and Yancey shall elect 
two Senators. 

Twenty-seventh District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, 
Jackson, Macon, Polk, Swain, and Transylvania shall elect two Senators. 



Election Districts 131 

APPORTIONMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF REPRESENTATIVES BY DISTRICTS IN ACCORDANCE 

WITH THE CENSUS OF 1970 AND THE CONSTITUTION 

(Chapter 483, Session Laws 1971) 

First District — Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Pasquotank, Perquimans, 
Tyrrell, and Washington shall elect two Representatives. 

Second District — Beaufort and Hyde shall elect one Representative. 

Third District — Craven, Jones, Lenoir, and Pamlico shall elect three Repre- 
sentatives. 

Fourth District — Carteret and Onslow shall elect three Representatives. 

Fifth District — Bertie, Gates, Hertford, and Northampton shall elect two 
Representatives. 

Sixth District — Halifax and Martin shall elect two Representatives. 

Seventh District — Edgecombe, Nash, and Wilson shall elect four Represen- 
tatives. 

Eighth District — Greene and Pitt shall elect two Representatives. 

Ninth District — Wayne shall elect two Representatives. 

Tenth District — Duplin shall elect one Representative. 

Eleventh District — Brunswick and Pender shall elect one Representative. 

Twelfth District — New Hanover shall elect two Representatives. 

Thirteenth District — Caswell, Granville, Person, Vance, and Warren shall elect 
three Representatives. 

Fourteenth District — Franklin and Johnston shall elect two Representatives. 

Fifteenth District — Wake shall elect six Representatives. 

Sixteenth District — Durham shall elect three Representatives. 

Seventeenth District — Chatham and Orange shall elect two Representatives. 

Eighteenth District — Harnett and Lee shall elect two Representatives. 

Nineteenth District — Bladen, Columbus, and Sampson shall elect three Rep- 
resentatives. 

Twentieth District — Cumberland shall elect five Representatives. 

Twenty-first District — Hoke, Robeson, and Scotland shall elect three Repre- 
sentatives. 

Twenty-second District — Alamance and Rockingham shall elect four Repre- 
sentatives. 




- 

- 



Election Districts 133 

Twenty-third District — Guilford shall elect seven Representatives. 

Twenty-fourth D/sfWcf— Randolph shall elect two Representatives. 

Twenty-fifth District — Moore shall elect one Representative. 

Twenty-sixth District — Anson and Montgomery shall elect one Representative. 

Twenty-seventh District — Richmond shall elect one Representative. 

Twenty-eighth District — Alleghany, Ashe, Stokes, Surry and Watauga shall 
elect three Representatives. 

Twenty-ninth District — Forsyth shall elect five Representatives. 

Thirtieth District — Davidson and Davie shall elect three Representatives. 

Thirty-first District — Rowan shall elect two Representatives. 

Thirty-second District — Stanly shall elect one Representative. 

Thirty-third District — Cabarrus and Union shall elect three Representatives. 

Thirty-fourth District— Caldwell, Wilkes, and Yadkin shall elect three Rep- 
resentatives. 

Thirty-fifth District — Alexander and Iredell shall elect two Representatives. 

Thirty-sixth District— Mecklenburg shall elect eight Representatives. 

Thirty -seventh District — Catawba shall elect two Representatives. 

Thirty-eighth District — Gaston and Lincoln shall elect four Representatives. 

Thirty-ninth District — Avery, Burke, and Mitchell shall elect two Repre- 
sentatives. 

Fortieth District — Cleveland, Polk, and Rutherford shall elect three Repre- 
sentatives. 

Forty-first District — McDowell and Yancey shall elect one Representative. 

Forty-second District — Henderson shall elect one Representative. 

Forty-third District — Buncombe and Transylvania shall elect four Repre- 
sentatives. 

Forty-fourth District — Haywood, Jackson, Madison, and Swain shall elect 
two Representatives. 

Forty-fifth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, and Macon shall elect one 
Representative. 



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Election Districts 135 

JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

(Superior and District Courts) 
First Division 

First District — Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Pasquotank, Perqui- 
mans. 

Second District — Beaufort, Hyde, Martin, Tyrrell, Washington. 
Third District — Carteret, Craven, Pamlico, Pitt. 
Fourth District — Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Sampson. 
Fifth District — New Hanover, Pender. 
Sixth District — Bertie, Halifax, Hertford, Northampton. 
Seventh District — Edgecombe, Nash, Wilson. 
Eighth District — Greene, Lenoir, Wayne. 

Second Division 

Ninth District — Franklin, Granville, Person, Vance, Warren. 

Tenth District — Wake. 

Eleventh District — Harnett, Johnston, Lee. 

Twelfth District — Cumberland, Hoke. 

Thirteenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus. 

Fourteenth District — Durham. 

Fifteenth District — Alamance, Chatham, Orange. 

Sixteenth District — Robeson, Scotland. 



136 North Carolina Manual 

Third Division 

Seventeenth District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 

Eighteenth District — Guilford. 

Ninteenth District — Cabarrus, Montgomery, Randolph, Rowan. 

Twentieth District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Stanly, Union. 

Twenty-first District — Forsyth. 

Twenty-second District — Alexander, Davidson, Davie, Iredell. 

Twenty-third District — Alleghany, Ashe, Wilkes, Yadkin. 



Fourth Division 

Twenty-fourth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell, Watauga, Yancey. 

Twenty-fifth District — Burke, Caldwell, Catawba. 

Twenty-sixth District — Mecklenburg. 

Twenty-seventh District — Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln. 

Twenty-eighth District — Buncombe. 

Twenty-ninth District — Henderson, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Transyl- 
vania. 

Thirtieth District— Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, Macon, 
Swain. 



Election Districts 137 

SOLICITORIAL DISTRICTS 

First District — Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Pasquotank, Per- 
quimans. 

Second District — Beaufort, Hyde, Martin, Tyrrell, Washington. 

Third District — Carteret, Craven, Pamlico, Pitt. 

Fourth District — Duplin, Jones, Onslow, Sampson. 

Fifth District — New Hanover, Pender. 

Sixth District — Bertie, Halifax, Hertford, Northampton. 

Seventh District — Edgecombe, Nash, Wilson. 

Eighth District — Greene, Lenoir, Wayne. 

Ninth District — Franklin, Granville, Person, Vance, Warren. 

Tenth District — Wake. 

Eleventh District — Harnett, Johnston, Lee. 

Twelfth District — Cumberland, Hoke. 

Thirteenth District — Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus. 

Fourteenth District — Durham. 

Fifteenth District — Alamance, Chatham, Orange. 

Sixteenth District — Robeson, Scotland. 

Seventeenth District — Caswell, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry. 

Eighteenth District — Guilford. 

Nineteenth District — Cabarrus, Montgomery, Randolph, Rowan. 

Twentieth District — Anson, Moore, Richmond, Stanly, Union. 

Twenty-first District — Forsyth. 

Twenty-second District — Alexander, Davidson, Davie, Iredell. 

Twenty-third District — Alleghany, Ashe, Wilkes, Yadkin. 

Twenty-fourth District — Avery, Madison, Mitchell, Watauga, Yancey. 

Twenty-fifth District — Burke, Caldwell, Catawba. 

Twenty-sixth District — Mecklenburg. 

Twenty-seventh District — Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln. 
Twenty-eighth District — Buncombe. 

Twenty-ninth District — Henderson, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Transyl- 
vania. 

Thirtieth District — Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, Macon, 
Swain. 



Democratic Party 139 

Chapter Two 

THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

NORTH CAROLINA DEMOCRATIC PARTY PLATFORM 

The North Carolina Democratic Party commends to the voters of North Caro- 
lina the support of its platform, on the strength of its principles, its performance 
and its promise for the future. 

DEMOCRATIC PARTY AFFAIRS 

The Democratic Party in North Carolina is, and has always been, the Party 
of faith, the Party of progress and the Party of the people. It has furnished our 
State experienced and dedicated leaders to all levels of government. 

In the last two years, a Democratic General Assembly has enacted a brilliant 
and progressive legislative program. Democratic legislators and Democratic 
county officials have given leadership and direction to a floundering State GOP 
Administration. Democratic Council of State members have kept their programs 
and carried out the mandates of our citizens. We have much to be proud of be- 
cause Democrats have continued — despite the lack of Gubernatorial leadership— 
to be faithful stewards of the people of North Carolina. 

As we have reviewed the actions of our State Government since the 1972 
State Convention, one fact stands out. The progressive programs and innovations 
occurring did so in the 1973-74 General Assembly controlled by Democrats. We 
prefer to be positive in our outlook rather than to criticize the current occupants 
of the Governor's office. Yet, the most disturbing aspect of the new administra- 
tion is the lack of leadership. Were it not for the leadership of our Democratic 
Council of State, our Democratic legislators and our Democratic county officials, 
the "ship of State" would be floundering amidst petty bickering and personal 
glory-seeking on the part of those who are entrusted with the responsibility of 
governing. 

The history of these past 24 months makes clear that Democrats continue to 
give leadership and direction to our State. This was pointed out most strikingly 
in the 1973-74 General Assembly where the Democratic majority introduced, 
supported and passed every major piece of legislation that was enacted. These 
legislators compiled a record of achievement, it is but another indication that 
the Democratic Party works for the People, it is an omen that, given the oppor- 
tunity for further stewardship of the public interest, the Democrats will serve 
our State best. 



140 North Carolina Manual 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina is committed to the principle of 
Democratic processes in all of its affairs, including reasonable representation of 
all the various groups which make up the Democratic electorate, such as minori- 
ties, women, the young and others: in all of its bodies, committees and Party dele- 
gations at every level of Party affairs. 

AGRICULTURE 

North Carolina must maintain its leadership as an agricultural State. Our 
Democratic Commissioner of Agriculture James A. Graham provides leadership to 

those who produce farm products, who feed our people and stimulate our economy. 
We advocate programs to insure the farmer receives his fair share of the good 
life and to insure that the citizens of the United States have an abundant supply 
of high quality farm products. The North Carolina Department of Agriculture 
and our State Universities' research priorities are directed toward technologies 
and methods that respect the national environment, quality of food and viability of 
th small farm ; and this should be continued. We commend the Democratic Gen- 
eral Assembly for its review of the tax laws and enactment of land use laws so as 
not to discourage the active use of land for agricultural purposes. This was far- 
sighted action typical of our Party. We encourage programs of co-operative 
marketing and buying by family farmers to enable them to share in the benefits 
of their labor. We urge greater assistance on a state and national level of farm 
programs which will stimulate and develop the small farm. 

The Tobacco Allotment Program enacted by a Democratic Congress and ap- 
proved by almost 99 ( A of all tobacco farmers must be maintained. We abhor the 
efforts of the Nixon administration, however disguised, to abolish the program and 
to unilaterally increase allotments. We favor the use of current crop production 
costs in determining federal support prices so that the perils of inflation may not 
work ruin upon the tobacco farmer. 

We further advocate the maintainance of the Peanut Allotment Program. 

We encourage the General Assembly to consider the establishment of a North 
Carolina School of Veterinary Medicine. 

BLIND AND PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED 

State government must work to insure that every person, regardless of his 
handicap, can participate in every aspect of community endeavor to the maximum 
of his potential. It is incumbent upon government, along with private agencies 
and groups, to insure that the maximum educational opportunities be provided. 
Whenever and wherever possible, job opportunities must be extended to persons 
who are blind and physically handicapped; and adequate physical standards must 
be enforced to provide a safe and accessible physical environment. State Agencies 
must be strengthened to insure these persons social awareness and acceptance. 

We pledge ourselves to the development of skills, interest and attitudes which 
contribute to health, happiness and productive lives of the blind and physically 
handicapped. 



Democratic Party 141 

CAMPAIGN REFORM 

The people of North Carolina are repulsed and offended by the criminal acts 
and "dirty tricks" surrounding the 1972 Presidential Election. The confidence of 
our people in government must be restored. The 1973-74 Democratic General As- 
sembly enacted the nation's strongest Campaign Financing Disclosure Acts. This 
is a first step in restoring the faith of the people of North Carolina in the political 
process. The Democratic Party advocated the strict and swift enforcement of 
this legislation. 

CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS AND GUARANTEES, ELECTIONS 

The Democratic Party endorses efforts at all levels of government to guarantee 
that the privacy of all Americans remain inviolate from improper and indiscrimi- 
nate forms of information-gathering by governmental and private agencies. 

The Democratic Party pledges to support State legislation to insure that the 
right to vote is indeed a reality for all persons, regardless of race, creed, sex or 
color. In particular, we will work toward this and so that our State will become 
exempt from the endorsement of the Federal Voting Rights Act. We favor legis- 
lation requiring local election officials to take the registration books to the people. 

We urge the State Board of Elections and the 1975 General Assembly to study 
the possibility of a system by which candidates would secure petitions signed by an 
established number of registered voters in order to demonstrate some degree of 
support. We believe that such a petition system would make candidates more 
meaningful and would give evidence of voter support to a candidacy rather than 
allowing money to determine who can and cannot become a candidate. 

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 

The Democratic Party supports a policy of Economic Development that will 
provide skilled workers for new and expanding industry and a wholesome business 
climate where labor and management work together. 

The Democratic Party believes that the North Carolina port facilities at 
Wilmington and Morehead City should be further developed to offer additional 
opportunities for world-wide commerce. 

EDUCATION 

The progress of our State has been built on public education. Since the be- 
ginning of this century the Democratic Party has placed a unique priority on 
public education as is shown by support of public schools, colleges and universities. 
The 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly was no exception. Today, we again 
commit ourselves to the rights of "every child to burgeon out all that is within 
him." The Democratic Party pledges its continued support and leadership to the 
further improvement of our public school system as the foundation upon which 
to build an even greater North Carolina. 

We record with pride that the 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly enacted 
and funded our first State kindergartens; placed a statutory limit on class sizes; 



142 North Carolina Manual 

provided for occupational education; included optional schools; provided for 40U 
additional teachers for exceptional children; and established a program of physical 
education from kindergarten through grade 6. 

We are proud that the 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly extended the 
school term for teachers to ten months. We pledge our support of this in the 1972 
platform. 

True to its history and concern about education, Democratic legislators spon- 
sored and passed legislation allowing the people to vote on the 1973 $300 million 
School Bond Issue. The overwhelming favorable approval given to this Bond 
Issue by our citizens is a true indication that our Party's concern for education is 
shared by all North Carolinians. 

Indeed, we take great pride that a Democratic General Assembly did more 
for public education in 1973-74 than ever before in the history of our state. Much 
of this meaningful progress was made despite the protest of the current Republican 
administration. 

This record of achievement is only prelude to the potential progress possible 
for our State if we provide adequate opportunities for our youth. The Democratic 
Party pledges its continued leadership to a strong, balanced educational system — 
a system founded on a well-rounded, relevant public school system. 

We believe in the principle of accountability and urge our citizens and edu- 
cators to evaluate their schools in terms of the achievement of students. 

The Democratic Party also believes that the recognition of equal educational 
opportunities for all children, regardless of race, sex, creed, and ability, is essen- 
tial. 

A strong educational system is absolutely essential to ordered liberty. Only 
through citizen participation can we have such an educational system. We commit 
ourselves to these principles and to the continuing role of the citizen as the founda- 
tion of a proper educational system. 

We endorse and strongly urge the proliferation throughout the public school 
system of programs for the learning disabled children and gifted children of our 
State. We advocate adequate funding for such programs in the General Assembly. 

PRIVATE COLLEGES 

Recognizing the desperate plight of private colleges and universities, we urge 
the continuation of state assistance in the form of tuition grants to North Carolina 
resident students attending private institutions of higher learning. 

HIGHER EDUCATION 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina expresses its full confidence in the 
University of North Carolina System and pledges its support to the System and 
its leadership on every level. Specifically, we endorse the new budget controls that 
are designed to provide equitable distribution of higher education tax dollars and 
careful scrutiny over their use. We support academic programs tailored to fit 
manpower needs with high priority for training in the health sciences. We en- 



Democratic Party 143 

courage innovations in academic offerings and in instructional methodology, in 
line with the demands of a new day. We believe in providing easier access for 
students with varying backgrounds to some form of post-high school education 
appropriate to the needs of the state and the capabilities of the students. 

We are proud that the 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly appropriated 
over 66.2 million dollars for capital improvements at the sixteen campuses of the 
University of North Carolina and met virtually every request of the Board of 
Governors. 

TECHNICAL INSTITUTES AND COMMUNITY COLLEGES 

OF NORTH CAROLINA 

Thousands of young people and adults, believing in the dignity of work, are 
choosing the promising careers offered by North Carolina's wide-spread system of 
56 technical institutes and community colleges. These comprehensive institutions 
are committed to offering adult education for those above 18 years of age, whether 
it be reading, writing, high school equivalency, trade programs, technician training 
or the first two years of college transfer to those who desire this opportunity. The 
readiness of this system to meet the advanced skill personnel needs of new and ex- 
panding high level technological business and industry is the key to the economic 
growth in North Carolina. Financial support of these institutions was a top pri- 
ority of the 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly. 

The 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly provided over $35.4 million for 
capital construction, $14 million for the expansion of curriculum and over $2.2 
million to provide salary increases to attract more qualified personnel. 

The equitable distribution of funds has allowed each North Carolinian an 
equal opportunity to take advantage of this training. The institutions are located 
to reach approximately 95 % of the State's population. The Democratic Party re- 
rededicates its support of this part of the "total education" of its citizenry. 

ENVIRONMENT 

A quality life is a basic right of every citizen of North Carolina. 

North Carolina's environmental resources are a sacred trust to be enjoyed by 
this generation and future generations. 

The abundant resources of this State, which have contributed so greatly to the 
quality of life for generations of North Carolinians, are not unlimited; and un- 
planned growth and abuse of these resources continues to threaten the quality of 
life and the health of our citizens. 

The 1973-74 General Assembly established a comprehensive land-use policy 
for North Carolina which will assist local governments in every county to plan for 
the wise use of land — our most valuable natural resource. These legislators also 
enacted the Coastal Area Management Act to provide for the orderly development 
of our coastal resources. We are proud that these measures were Democratic bills 
passed by Democratic votes. 

The 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly appropriated over $27 million dol- 



144 North Carolina Manual 

lars for the expansion and improvement of our State parks. We pledge to continue 
our support of legislative appropriations for further expansion of the State Park 
System. 

We support a total growth policy that will be universal and comprehensive 
and will be coordinated with other states and agencies. We support educational 
programs in our school system that will promote the awareness of environmental 
concerns and the solutions of these concerns. 

We applaud the 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly for enacting the Sedi- 
mentation Control Bill, the Oil Pollution Control Bill, two effluent limitation con- 
trol bills, a bill regulating the use and safety of septic tanks and the establishment 
in 1974 of a Land Conservancy. 

All North Carolina Democrats share a common concern for the future of the 
ancient wild and free-flowing New River, which has chained the world's oldest 
mountains since the beginning of time. We condemn the forced dislocation of 
families and communities which the proposed damming of the New River would 
require. 

Further, we take note that those who must sacrifice most of this project would 
benefit not at all. 

Accordingly, North Carolina Democrats express their determination that the 
New River shall remain noble and free, a continuing source of challenge and in- 
spiration for generations to come. 

To that end, we call upon the Congress of the United States to act effectively 
to prevent the irrevocable loss of this natural monument to God's creation. 



HEALTH 

Access to health care is a right for all the people of North Carolina, and the 
Democratic Party advocates the provision of the most competent and compre- 
hensive health care that is readily accessible to all of these people. It further ad- 
vocates multiple forms of funding with the medically indigent being provided 
medical care through public funding and the simultaneous encouragement of the 
private sector to continue and expand modes of private funding for those who are 
able to pay. Ways must be found to insure that no one is denied health care be- 
cause of inability to pay and that those who can pay are protected from the finan- 
cially crippling burden of catastrophic illness. 

Since prevention of physical and emotional illness is our ultimate goal, the 
Democratic Party strongly advocates the development of health education courses 
appropriate to the particular grade level in K through 12 in the public schools 
with adequate teacher training and public funding to make these programs as 
effective and far-reaching as humanly possible. 

Some areas of our State lack adequate medical and health care resources. 
We advocate programs that will recruit and train health personnel at all levels, 
will provide continuing education, and will seek to place health workers where 
health needs exist. We urge further examination of physician's assistants pro- 
grams, nurse practitioners, and other innovative means to determine the potential 



Democratic Party 145 

for solving the health needs of our people. We advocate state financial assistance 
to medical students and students in the allied health fields who will agree to work 
after graduation in a medically or health care under-served area in this State. 
We further advocate the expenditure of State funds to up-grade and enlarge the 
class enrollment in the State's existing medical schools. 

We advocate programs to halt the tragedy of child abuse and neglect and 
endorce the legislation currently on the General Statutes freeing from threat of 
litigation those who, in good faith, report such abuses. We further advocate pro- 
grams to treat and rehabilitate the abusive parents. 

We commend the Democratic leadership and membership in the General As- 
sembly for addressing themselves to the myriad mental health care needs of the 
State's people. We strongly advocate enlarged funding for community mental 
health programs, alcohol rehabilitation programs, children's services of all kinds, 
and further up-grading of our State's mental hospitals. We particularly urge the 
further funding of staff and increased programs to rehabilitate the returning 
mental patient who is attempting to re-enter the community. 

There is the global problem of survival on an over-populated earth. There is 
also the intensely personal problem of unplanned, unwanted or illegitimate chil- 
dren. We advocate comprehensive, readily available, individual family planning 
services and birth control measures to all, and that there be active promotion of 
the utilization of such resources. 

HERITAGE AND CULTURE 

North Carolina is blessed with a heritage that includes all heritages and cul- 
tures that should be preserved for future generations. Our Party has supported 
and will continue to support the preservation and restoration of historic sites so 
that its citizens and those who visit the State may become better informed about 
North Carolina's glorious past. 

HOUSING 

The North Carolina Democratic Party believes every North Carolina family 
should have a safe and sanitary place in which to live, in keeping with 20th century 
standards. We further believe that decent housing for all North Carolinians is 
the public's business and a worthy goal. 

There is a great amount of substandard housing in North Carolina. The Dem- 
ocratic Party pledges to pursue actively the development of low and moderate in- 
come housing in both rural and urban areas of the State. The economic policies 
of the Nixon administration have caused prohibitively high interest rates so that 
working men and women who are willing to pay for a home of their own simply 
cannot afford one. 

We strongly applaud the establishment of the North Carolina Housing Finance 
Agency by the 1974 Democratic General Assembly in the face of strong Republican 
opposition. 

We call for additional appropriations for the reserve fund in order that more 
bonds may be sold and the funds made available for home loans for working people 
who are now excluded from obtaining them by high interest rates. 



146 North Carolina Manual 

We urge and encourage local governmental units to use all available Federal 
Housing programs, where practical, and we encourage churches, fraternal organi- 
zations and other non-profit groups to serve as sponsors to secure adequate housing. 
We commend ideologies deviating from the traditional sameness of house and land- 
scape design. 

We believe that all forms of racial discrimination in housing should be elimi- 
nated. To that end, we urge the implementation of fair housing laws in every 
respect. 

HUMAN RELATIONS 

Every citizen regardless of race, creed, color or sex deserves an equal oppor- 
tunity to progress to the limit of his or her interests, abilities and aspirations. All 
citizens should accept their obligations and responsibilities to society. 

Racial harmony in our State depends as much upon legislative and institutional 
programs as upon an attitude of cooperation and helpfulness among all our people. 
Thus, those in positions of leadership and responsibility must continue to actively 
pursue the needs, opinions, feelings and ambitions of all groups in society and pass 
laws that protect the rights of all of our citizens. The Democratic Party pledges 
therefore, to remain sensitive to the wishes of all our people. 

The Democratic Party shall initiate immediately an affirmative action pro- 
gram for full participation and representation of all minorities from the State 
Democratic Headquarters down to the county level to the precinct. 

Because of the commitment of the Democratic Party to equality and justice, 
we call upon the General Assembly to provide subpoena and other appropriate 
powers to the North Carolina Council on Human Relations. 

INSURANCE 

The 1975 Session of the North Carolina General Assembly is asked to enact 
legislation prohibiting discriminitory rates for automobile insurance respecting 
under 25 or over 65 drivers and require rates to bear a reasonable relationship to 
individual driving records. 

We further urge the General Assembly of North Carolina to consider some 
form of no fault automobile insurance. 

LABOR 

We commend the Legislature for passage of the minimum wage law and for 
including Byssinosis, or Brown Lung Disease, under the Workmen's Compensation 
Law. We advocate that the minimum wage law continue to be raised in order 
that those low-paid workers of this State who bear the brunt of inflation will be 
able to provide basic health and security for their families. We urge the Legis- 
lature to extend the minimum wage laws and workmen's compensation benefits to 
farm workers — including migrant workers. 



Democratic Party 147 

All employees, including our public employees on a local, county and State 
level should not only be given the right to organize, but they should also be given 
the right of collective bargaining with their employer. 

We believe that labor and management should be free from any coercion from 
government in regards to collective bargaining in regards to union security agree- 
ments, and in regards to service fees for representing employees as required by 
federal labor law. 

We advocate that all segments of our government, our business community, 
in labor, and in fact, in all segments of our society work together to raise the low 
hourly rate now being paid to North Carolina workers. 

We believe in the collective bargaining process as the ways and means to 
achieve industrial harmony in our State and at the same time, guarantee that both 
labor and management understand each other's problems and work together to 
solve them. 

We strongly recommend that we offer our young people, particularly those in 
minority groups where the unemployment rate is extremely high, the opportunity 
by adequate and available training to qualify for skilled jobs in industry, in 
building and construction, and in the public service sector. 

There should not be any discrimination among workers because of race, sex, 
age or religion. 

The 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly and our able Democratic Com- 
missioner of Labor, W. C. Creel, have established an outstanding program allow- 
ing North Carolina to administer the Occupational Safety and Health Act without 
the necessity of federal intervention. This illustrates the principal in which our 
Party believes of "responsible states" acting to foreclose federal action. 

LAW AND JUSTICE 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina recognizes and emphasizes that the 
goal of all law enforcement is to achieve the ends and interests of justice. We 
support increased educational programs for law enforcement officers in modern 
methods of crime control and prevention, police-public relations and modern crimi- 
nal law criminology. 

We are proud that the 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly established and 
funded a minimum salary and standards program for all law enforcement officers. 
We commend these legislators for establishing a Justice Academy to train local 
law enforcement officers for providing funds to begin a retirement plan for these 
men who serve the public so well. These are each singular achievements and evi- 
dence of our concern. 

We recognize the particular problems facing law enforcement officers today 
and strongly encourage local governments to increase the level of compensation 
for all police officers. Active efforts must be taken to insure there is no discrimi- 
nation in the recruitment, hiring and promotion of all minority group police officers. 



148 North Carolina Manual 

The increased incidence of drug: abuse poses a serious threat to all our citi- 
zens, particularly our young people. The drug pusher is a menace to our society. 
We support active efforts by private individuals and public agencies to rid our 
society of this menace. We further support increased criminal penalties with 
minimum sentences for those who engage in the sale or possession for sale of ad- 
dictive narcotic drugs. We support active efforts to prevent drug abuse through 
strict enforcement of the laws and rehabilitation of drug abusers. We encourage 
intensive, positive educational programs in public schools to make our young people 
aware of the tragic consequences of drug abuse. 

The complexities of modern life compel consumers to look to government for 
protection in the production and marketing of goods. We supprt and commend the 
efforts of Attorney General Robert Morgan and the Department of Justice, sup- 
ported by Democratic General Assemblies, for their diligent efforts on behalf of all 
North Carolina consumers in promoting confidence in the market place by efforts 
to eliminate fradulent and deceptive practices in North Carolina. 

The prime responsibility and objective of imprisonment is the rehabilitation 
of criminals— not the infliction of suffering. We favor reform in prison systems to 
reflect this objective. 

The 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly enacted a complete revision of our 
pre-trial criminal procedure. This bill is a signal achievement. It is a major for- 
ward step in the improvement of the Criminal Justice System. It brings modern, 
fair and constitutional procedures into an area where there has been little change. 
In particular, every citizen, regardless of his financial station, will be afforded the 
right to bail in a standardized procedure. The enactment of this legislation will 
provide court officials with new and meaningful tools to keep court dockets cur- 
rent. It will mean that justice may be speedy but fair. 

We believe both the public and accused defendants are best protected when 
criminal prosecutions are speedily tried and disposed of. The criminal justice 
system — if it is to work properly — must be conducted in such a way that court 
dockets remain current. 

We support affirmative programs, such as reform of our current bail pro- 
cedures, which make it clear that justice in North Carolina is not a commodity to 
be bought and sold by those who can afford it, but is available equally to all, re- 
gardless of financial status or condition. 

LEGISLATIVE REFORM 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina recognizes and compliments the 
conscientious work done by the 1973-74 Democratic General Assembly. However, 
in order to make the General Assembly a more effective legislative body, better 
able to meet the needs of the People of North Carolina, we support the following 
reforms : 

(a) The establishment of permanent standing committees with professional 
staffing. 



Democratic Party 149 

(b) Increases in the compensation of legislators to make service in the General 
Assembly a real possibility for persons of low and modest income. 

(c) The establishment of a committee on ethics and the adoption of a strict 
legislative code of ethics. 

MENTAL HEALTH 

Mental health care is moving out of the mental hospital system and back into 
the community. Funds that are saved on mental hospital budgets should be directed 
back to community care instead of being considered as savings and reverting to 
the General Fund. 

As comprehensive community mental health centers increase in number, con- 
tinued support is necessary to insure financing as federal funds diminish. 

We advocate that all health insurance coverage written in North Carolina in- 
clude coverage for mental illness, following a trend developing across the country. 

It must be recognized in educating the handicapped that mental illness, as 
well as mental retardation, is a handicap and should be provided for accordingly. 

We urge that the over-all mental health needs of this State move forward by 
the adoption and implementation of the pilot programs recommended by the Men- 
tal Health Study Commission's Report to the 1974 General Assembly. 

PUBLIC LIBRARIES 

We recognize that public libraries play a vital role in the total education pro- 
gram of North Carolina. Many years ago, Democratic General Assemblies ap- 
propriated funds to provide for state assistance to public libraries. The 1973-74 
Democratic General Assembly continued this assistance. The Democratic Party 
pledges to continue state financial support of this program and to increase the 
amount of this support. 

SENIOR CITIZENS 

North Carolina's senior citizens are of vital importance in the economic, 
social and cultural life of the state. We pledge continued support to the agencies 
with responsibilities to senior citizens in their efforts to develop services, particu- 
larly in-home and other services necessary for individuals to continue to live in 
their own home. We further pledge to help revitalize the social and economic 
well-being of our older citizens by assuring middle-aged and older persons equal 
opportunity with others to engage in gainful employment which they are capable 
of performing; enabling retiring persons to enjoy income sufficient for health and 
for participation in family and community life as self-respecting citizens ; provid- 
ing housing suited to the needs of older persons and at the price they can afford to 
pay; assisting persons while they are younger to make preparations, develop skills 
and interests; and assisting them to find social contacts commensurate with their 
needs after retirement. 



150 North Carolina Manual 

We urge Democratic candidates and office holders at state and national levels 
to participate in the studies of the Social Security System to accomplish the 
above listed ends. 

SOCIAL SERVICES 

The Democratic Party realizes the need for an effective Department of Social 
Services. With its many varied programs to assist the elderly, the disabled, dis- 
placed and neglected children, and families of dependent children, the Department 
of Social Services should work to maintain the social health of our community. 

We support reform that provides adequate financial assistance to maintain a 
basic standard of living for those in need and programs of counseling, education 
and vocational training that help the individual become self-sufficient. 

We support the use of public funds to maintain day care facilities for working 
parents. 

The state should allocate sufficient funds to adequately meet the needs of 
families with dependent children grants. 

STATE EMPLOYEES 

The day to day, on-going functions of State Government depend upon the per- 
formance of the thousands of men and women who have made a career of public 
service. 

The Democratic Party commends the Democratic General Assembly for recog- 
nizing this in a meaningful way: by raising salaries so that government can be 
competitive with private industry in bidding for talent; by increasing retirement 
and insurance benefits to employees; and by these actions helping those employed 
by the state to better cope with today's inflation. 

The Democratic Party further commends the professional manner in which 
state employees, most of them in unpublicized posts, carry out their duties. 

And the Democratic Party is cognizant of, and condemns and deplores, the 
widespread feeling of apprehension that has, for many months, been prevalent 
among career state employees at all levels as they have seen many of their dedi- 
cated, able and industrious fellow workers discharged for purely political reasons. 
We urge the present state Republican administration to cease and desist from this 
practice of wholesale political firing of workers, if for no other reason than the one 
that government cannot function at maximum efficiency when employees fear for 
their future. 

The Democratic Party also believes that state employees should not be fearful 
of their jobs simply because they exercise the rights given them by the Constitu- 
tion of North Carolina and by the laws of North Carolina to engage in political 
activities during hours they are off duty. 

TAX REFORM 

We commend the establishment by the Democratic State Senate of a commis- 



Democratic Party 151 

sion to study our state tax structure. We urge this commission to recommend to 
the 1975 General Assembly a program to eliminate inequities in our tax structure 
in order to equalize the tax burden in accord with the principles of progressive tax 
reform. Fair and equitable tax laws are a first step in improving human relations. 

TAXES 

The Democratic Party of North Carolina is proud of the favorable tax posi- 
tion that our State, our Democratic General Assemblies, enjoys by comparison 
with her sister states. Sound fiscal management by a Democratic Advisory Budget 
Commission and Democratic General Assemblies have enabled North Carolina to 
provide efficient and responsive state government programs at a minimum overall 
tax cost. The increases in costs of providing these services must be met by realistic 
and equitable revenue measures and reform in the tax structure. 

We are thankful for the exemplary leadership exhibited over many years by 
our talented and tenacious State Treasurer Edwin Gill. 



TRANSPORTATION 

Our transportation problems have become more and more complex and the 
solutions to these will require indepth planning and innovative thinking. North 
Carolinians have been justly proud of their highway system built by Democratic 
Administrations and Democratic General Assemblies. The road building program 
of prior Democratic administrations has come to a halt since January 1973. The 
current administration, by its inaction and refusal to build roads, is performing a 
grave disservice to the people of North Carolina. 

Funds should be provided and utilized for studies and pilot projects involving 
alternate systems, for example, public transit. Portions of highway funds should 
be allocated for the development of bicycle trails throughout the state. 

Under the leadership of the Democratic Party from 1921 to 1972, North 
Carolina has had one of the most ambitious highway programs in the nation. It 
was a program based on professional planning to meet the needs of the people 
with a minimum of cost. In the East, in the Piedmont and in the western sections 
of North Carolina, good roads became the principle ingredient for overall economic- 
development in agriculture, industry, education and social development. It is not 
sufficient that the current administration concern itself with high sounding plans 
and petty bickering. We must continue to build and improve our system of primary 
and secondary roads. 

The area of transportation must also involve efforts to save lives and reduce 
injuries to persons and property. Increased funds for engineering and construc- 
tion improvements, and planning and processes are but a first and essential step. 
The major cause of traffic fatalities and injuries is the drunk driver. The 1973-74 
Democratic General Assembly is to be commended for providing mandatory license 
revocation for those who refuse to take the breathalyzer test and for establishing 
a new offense based on the breathalyzer reading. We believe these legislative en- 
actments are important tools in the fight for highway safety. We pledge ourselves 



152 North Carolina Manual 

to renew our efforts to further curb the needless loss of life, limb and property on 
the public highways. 

WOMEN'S RIGHTS 

Because there are still inequities in the application of the federal and state 
laws in regard to women and men, we urge that the Equal Rights Amendment be 
passed by the General Assembly of North Carolina in 1975. Unequal application 
of the laws in North Carolina should be brought to an end. Women and minorities 
should be more equitably represented on statewide committees and commissions 
and in top policy-making jobs in state government. 



Democratic Party 153 



PREAMBLE 

We, the members of the Democratic Party in North Carolina, in order to 
make more effective the principles of our Party, to embrace and serve all peoples 
of our Party without regard to race, age or sex, to insure the blessings of liberty 
and equal opportunity and to work together for the welfare and happiness of all 
citizens, do hereby adopt and establish this Plan of Organization. 

STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(a) All public meetings at all levels of the Democratic Party in North Carolina 
shall be open to all members of the Democratic Party regardless of race, sex, 
age, color, creed, national origin, religion, ethnic identity, economic status, or 
philosophical persuasion. 

(b) Special efforts shall be made to encourage traditionally underrepresented 
groups to participate in delegate selection processes and in Party organiza- 
tions at all levels to the end that all electc 1 or appointed Democrats to any 
positions reasonably reflect the Democratic electorate of the unit with regard 
to age, race, sex and ethnic origin. 

(c) No test for membership in, nor any oath of loyalty to, the Democratic Party 
in North Carolina shall be required or used which has the effect of requiring 
prospective or current members of the Democratic Party to acquiesce in, con- 
done or support discrimination on the grounds of race, sex, age, color, creed, 
national origin, religion, ethnic identity or economic status. 

(d) The time and place for all public meetings of the Democratic Party on all 
levels shall be publicized fully and in such a manner as to assure timely notice 
to all interested persons. Such meetings must be held in places accessible to 
all Party members and large enough to accommodate all interested persons. 

(e) The Democratic Party, on all levels, shall actively support the broadest pos- 
sible registration without discrimination on grounds of race, sex, age, color, 
creed, national origin, religion, ethnic identity, or economic status. 

(f) The Democratic Party in North Carolina shall publicize fully and in such a 
manner as to assure notice to all interested parties a full description of the 
legal and practical procedures for selection of Democratic Party officers and 
representatives on all levels. Publication of these procedures should be done in 
such fashion that all prospective and current members of the Democratic 
Party will be fully and adequately informed of the pertinent procedures in 
time to participate in each selection procedure at all levels of the Democratic 
Party organization. 

(g) The Democratic Party in North Carolina shall publicize fully and in such a 
manner as to assure notice to all interested parties a complete description of 
the legal and practical qualifications of all officers and representatives of the 
Democratic Party. Such publication should be done in timely fashion so that 
all prospective candidates or applicants for any elected or appointed position 
within the Democratic Party will have full and adequate opportunity to 
compete for office. 



154 North Carolina Manual 

ARTICLE I 
PRECINCT ORGANIZATION 

Section 1. Precinct Committee: The unit of the Democratic Party organiza- 
tion in the State of North Carolina shall be the voting precinct. In each precinct, 
there shall be a Precinct Committee consisting of ten active Democrats, who re- 
side in the precinct, and who should, but need not necessarily, be present when 
elected by the active Democrats of said precinct present at the biennial precinct 
meeting. The composition of the Precinct Committee should bear a reasonable re- 
lationship to the make-up of the active Democrats of said precinct as to sex, age, 
ethnic background and, where practical, geographic. 

No two officers of the Precinct Committee shall be from the same immediate 
family. The terms of office of the members and officers of the Precinct Committee 
shall expire on the date set for the next succeeding biennial precinct meeting or 
when their successors shall be elected or appointed, whichever shall occur first. 

Section 2. Precinct Meetings: The first order of business at the biennial 
precinct meetings shall be the election of the five officers of the Precinct Committee, 
followed by the election of five other active Democrats to the Precinct Committee. 
These ten people shall constitute the make-up of the Precinct Committee. The 
officers of the Precinct Committee shall be a Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen and 
a Secretary-Treasurer. 

Precinct meetings for the election of Precinct Committees, Precinct Committee 
officers, and delegates to Party conventions shall be held biennially on the second 
Tuesday following the day set by the General Assembly for the holding of second 
primaries. These meetings shall convene at 8 p.m. at the polling place of each 
precinct. In the event a quorum is not present, there shall be a second meeting of 
the precinct on the third Tuesday following the date set by the General Assembly 
for the holding of second primaries. These meetings shall convene at 8 p.m. at the 
polling place of each precinct. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the 
Chairman of the Precinct Committee; but, in his absence, the Vice-Chairman of 
the committee in order of succession shall preside, and in the absence of both the 
Chairman and the several Vice-Chairmen any member of the committee may pre- 
side. In the event that none of the above named are present, any active Democrat 
residing in the precinct may preside. 

The Precinct Committee shall meet periodically, but not less than once an- 
nually. 

Section 3. Quorum: A quorum for any precinct meeting shall consist of not 
less than ten active Democrats in such precinct. In the event a quorum is not 
present at the first date set for the biennial precinct meeting, a second meeting 
shall be held as provided in Article I, Section 2. In precincts having fewer than 
twenty registered and active Democrats, one-half of such registered active Demo- 
crats shall be sufficient to comprise the Precinct Committee and to constitute a 
quorum at the biennial precinct meeting. 

Section 4. Voting: Each active Democrat present at the biennial precinct 
meeting shall be entitled to cast one vote at said meeting. 



Democratic Party 155 

Section 5. Business Permitted: At every precinct meeting, if requested, a 
vote shall be taken on the different questions, nominations, and elections anticipated 
to come before the County Convention, and in that event, the Chairman or presid- 
ing officer and the Secretary of the precinct meeting shall certify to the County 
Convention, and in that event, the Chairman or presiding officer and the Secretary 
of the precinct meeting shall certify to the County Convention the vote so cast, 
and the relative vote as cast in the precinct meeting shall be reflected in the vote of 
the precinct delegates at the County Convention on said matters. 

Section 6. Representation: No precinct shall be entitled to send delegates to 
any County Convention unless those delegates were elected at a biennial precinct 
meeting at which a quorum was present. No precinct shall be entitled to represen- 
tation on the County Executive Committee unless a Precinct Committee and Pre- 
cinct Committee officers were elected at a biennial precinct meeting at which a 
quorum was present. 

Section 7. Election of Delegates: Each precinct shall be entitled to cast at 
any County Convention one vote for every fifty Democratic votes or major fraction 
thereof cast by the precinct for Governor at the last gubernatorial election ; pro- 
vided that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the County 
Convention. 

At the biennial precinct meeting, the active Democrats in attendance shall 
elect delegates and alternates to represent the precinct at the biennial County Con- 
vention to cast said votes, and may nominate delegates and alternates to represent 
the county in the District and State Conventions. Each precinct may elect as many 
delegates to the biennial County Convention as it may see fit, not exceeding three 
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said precinct is entitled at 
the biennial County Convention; provided that each precinct shall elect at least 
one delegate for each vote to which it is entitled at the County Convention. 

The Chairman, or presiding officer and the Secretary-Treasurer of the Pre- 
cinct Committee shall certify to the County Chairman the names of the delegates 
and alternates elected at the biennial precinct meeting. 

Section 8. Removal of Officers and Committee Members: Any Precinct 
Chairman, Vice-Chairman or Precinct Committee member who gives support to, 
aids, or helps any opposing political Party or candidate of any other political 
Party, or who refuses or fails to perform his or her duties in organizing the pre- 
cinct, or who is convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude, shall be removed 
from office in the following manner: 

(1) A complaint setting forth all details and duly verified shall be filed with 
the County Chairman by three active Democrats registered in the county of the 
said officer or committee member. The County Chairman shall upon the approval 
of a majority of the other committee officers and after giving five days notice 
thereof, call a meeting of the County Executive Committee to hear the complain- 
ant, the alleged offender and any other interested parties or witnesses. A two- 
thirds vote of those members present and voting, as provided in Article II, Section 
2, shall be necessary to remove a precinct officer or committee member. The de- 
cision of the County Executive Committee shall be final. 



156 North Carolina Manual 

(2; If the complainant so desires, rather than the approach listed above, a 
complaint setting 1 forth full details and duty verified shall be filed by the County 
Chairman or by three active Democrats with the State Chairman who shall, upon 
the approval of a majority of the other committee officers, and after giving five 
days notice thereof, call a meeting of the Council of Review to hear the complain- 
ant, the alleged offender and any other interested parties or witnesses. A majority 
vote of those members of the Council of Review present and voting shall be neces- 
sary to remove an officer or committee member. The decision of the Council of 
Review shall be final. 

(3) When a vacancy exists because of removal for cause, the vacancy shall 
be filled by the remaining members of the Precinct Committee at a meeting called 
by the County Chairman within thirty days after such removal for cause. Notice 
of the filling of such vacancy shall be given to the County Chairman. The County 
Chairman shall cause a detailed account of any removal and replacement to be 
filed with the State Chairman. 

ARTICLE II 

COUNTY ORGANIZATIONS 

Section 1. Composition of County Executive Committee : The officers of the 
County Executive Committee; the Chairman and First Vice-Chairman of the 
several Precinct Committees; the Presidents of the duly organized Democratic 
Men's Clubs within the county; the Presidents of the duly organized Democratic 
Women's Clubs within the county; the Presidents of the duly organized Young 
Democratic Clubs within the county; the Presidents of the duly organized College 
Federation Clubs within the county; and the Presidents of the duly organized 
Teen Dem Clubs within the county shall compose the County Executive Committee. 

The County Chairman shall determine what shall constitute a duly organized 
Democratic Men's Club within a county and certify the name of the member who 
is to represent such club on the County Executive Committee. 

The President of the Democratic Women of North Carolina shall determine 
what shall constitute a duly organized Democratic Women's Club within a county 
and shall certify the name of the member who is to represent such club on the 
County Executive Committee to the County Chairman. 

The President of the Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina shall de- 
termine what shall constitute a duly organized Young Democratic Club and Col- 
lege Federation Club within a county and shall certify the name of the member 
who is to represent such club on the County Executive Committee to the County 
Chairman. 

The State Teen Dem Advisor shall determine what shall constitute a duly 
organized Teen Dem Club within a county and shall certify the name of the mem- 
ber who is to represent such club on the County Executive Committee to the 
County Chairman. 

Section 2. Voting on the County Executive Committee : Each officer of the 
County Executive Committee shall be entitled to one vote. 



Democratic Party 157 

The several Precinct Chairmen and First Vice-Chairman shall be entitled as 
members of the County Executive Committee to cast for their precinct one vote 
for each fifty Democratic votes or major fraction thereof cast by their precinct for 
Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election, provided that each Precinct 
Chairman and First Vice-Chairman together shall be entitled to cast for their 
precinct a minimum of one vote. In the event that the two members should dis- 
agree on how their precinct's votes will be cast, then each member shall cast ex- 
actly one-half of the votes which their precinct is entitled to cast. In the event 
that only one precinct officer who is a member of the County Executive Committee 
is present at a meeting of said committee and the other precinct officer who is a 
member of the County Executive Committee has not designated a Democrat as his, 
or her, alternate, in accord with Article IX, Section 3, who is present, then the 
precinct officer who is present shall be entitled to cast only one-half of the votes 
to which said precinct is entitled. 

A properly certified member of a Democratic Men's Club, Democratic Wo- 
men's Club, County Young Democratic Club, College Federation Club, and Teen 
Dem Club, respectively shall be entitled to one vote subject to the provisions that 
where there are two or more Democratic Men's Clubs organized within a county, 
the properly certified members of the various clubs shall share one vote, with each 
club having a portion of said vote in proportion to the ratio of its membership to 
the total membership of the combined clubs. This same provision shall apply where 
there are two or more Democratic Women's Clubs, two or more County Young 
Democratic Clubs, two or more College Federation Clubs, or two or more Teen 
Dem Clubs. 

Section 3. Officers of the County Executive Committee: The County Execu- 
tive Committee shall have as officers a Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen, a Secre- 
tary and a Treasurer. The First Vice-Chairman must be of opposite sex to the 
Chairman. If the Chairman and First Vice-Chairman are of the same race, the 
Second Vice-Chairman must be of that race other than the race of the Chairman 
and First Vice-Chairman, which constitutes at least twenty percent of the register- 
ed Democratic voters in the county. The Third Vice-Chairman shall be thirty 
years of age or under, if none of the other officers of the County Executive Com- 
mittee are thirty years of age or under. Officers of a County Executive Commit- 
tee shall be active Democrats residing within the county. 

Each county that contains two or more municipalities of a population of more 
than sixty thousand persons each shall have, in addition to the officers specified 
above, one Vice-Chairman for each such municipality; provided, that the Vice- 
Chairman so elected shall be a resident of such municipality and shall be elected 
by the Precinct Chairman and First Vice-Chairman for the precincts constituting 
such a municipality. 

Should any precinct official be elected as an officer of the County Executive 
Committee, he or she automatically vacates the precinct office. Should a Precinct 
Chairman or First Vice-Chairman be elected as President of a Democratic Men's 
Club, Democratic Women's Club, County Young Democratic Club, College Federa- 
tion Club, or Teen Dem Club, some other member of said organization shall be 
certified as the representative of that organization on the County Executive Com- 
mittee. 



158 North Carolina Manual 

A person who has served as an officer of a County Executive Committee for 
two full consecutive terms shall not be eligible for re-election to that particular 
office, provided that after such office has been held by another individual (s) for 
one full term such person shall be eligible for election to that office again. Time 
served since the Party meetings held in the spring of 1968 shall be considered in 
the enforcement of this provision. 

If for any reason there should occur any vacancy in the Chairmanship of the 
County Executive Committee, by death, resignation, or removal, the Vice-Chair- 
men in their order of succession, and thereafter the Secretary, shall in such order 
of succession, be vested with full authority and power of the Chairman until such 
time as the County Executive Committee has met and duly elected a successor to 
such Chairman. 

If a County Chairman should be incapacitated then upon written notice to 
such Chairmen signed by the remaining officers of the County Executive Commit- 
tee, the Vice-Chairman in their order of succession, and thereafter the Secretary 
and the Treasurer, shall in such order of succession, be vested with the full 
authority and power of the Chairman until such time as the County Executive 
Committee has met and duly elected a successor to such Chairman. 

When the County Executive Committee is not in session, the officers of the 
County Executive Committee shall act in the place of the County Executive Com- 
mittee on all matters; unless this Plan of Organization states that action is to be 
by the entire County Executive Committee. 

Section 4. County Executive Committee Meetings: The County Chairman 
shall issue a call for a meeting of the County Executive Committee periodically, 
but not less than once annually. In addition to the other business specified in the 
call, the said committee may adopt resolutions fixing a day, time, and place for the 
holding of additional Precinct Committee meetings; and, may provide for precinct 
meetings for the election of a Precinct Committee and precinct officers in any pre- 
cinct created by the Board of Elections since the immediate preceding general 
election, or in any precinct in said county which is not properly organized. Such 
committee and officers shall serve until the subsequent biennial precinct meeting 
fixed by this Plan of Organization. The call and resolutions herein above referred 
to shall be posted at the courthouse door of the county and copies thereof shall be 
sent as a news item to each news media published in the county. Any precinct 
meeting provided for in this section shall be held more than two weeks before the 
day fixed by this Plan of Organization for the biennial precinct meeting. 

Section 5. Duties of County Officers: The duties of the County Executive 
Committee officer., .hall be: 

(1) The Chairman shall be responsible for the organization of the county of 
political instruction classes for Precinct Committees, obtaining all materials neces- 
sary for the proper performance of his, or her, duties and doing all other ^hings 
necessary for the proper carrying out of the best interest of the Party. 

The Chairman shall appoint a Publicity Chairman who shall have the duties 
and responsibilities of disseminating information to registered Democrats of the 



Democratic Party 159 

county describing the qualifications and the procedures for selection of delegates 
and officrs at all levels of the Democratic Party. 

Thirty days prior to the biennial County Convention, the County Chairman 
shall designate the exact place at which such convention is to be held. In addition, 
the County Chairman shall perform such duties as are set forth in Article IV, 
Section 6. 

(2) The Vice-Chairman of the County Executive Committee shall have such 
duties and responsibilities as may be assigned by the Chairman. 

(3) The Secretary shall have the duty and responsibility of keeping all 
records of the County Executive Committee, including attendance at all meetings, 
of issuing all notices, preparing all correspondence, and any other duties that may 
be assigned to him, or her, by the Chairman. 

(4) The Treasurer shall have the duty of raising all money required for the 
operation and activities of the Democratic Party, keep records of all money re- 
ceived and expended in behalf of the Party and maintain a list of the name and 
address of all donors. The Treasurer shall also submit any and all reports, as 
required by the law, of the finances of the County Executive Committee. 

Section 6. Board of Elections: The County Chairman shall, before submit- 
ting to the State Chairman recommendations for the Democratic members of the 
County Board of Elections in such county, call a meeting of the County Executive 
Committee and submit such recommendations for the approval of the County Ex- 
ecutive Committee and only when such recommendations are approved by a ma- 
jority of the committee members present and voting as provided in Section 2 of 
this Article, shall the same be submitted to the State Chairman by the County 
Chairman. The time of such meeting of the respective County Executive Commit- 
tees for the purpose of passing on such recommendations shall be fixed by the 
State Chairman. 

No member or officer of a County Executive Committee shall be eligible to 
serve as a member of a County Board of Elections, nor as a Precinct Registrar, 
or Judge of Elections. 

No person, while acting as a member of a County Board of Elections, shall 
serve as a state, district or county campaign manager or treasurer of any candi- 
date in a primary election or as a chairman of any state, district or county political 
organization. 

SECTION 7. Rules: The County Executive Committee shall have power to 
make any rules with regard to the holding of precinct meetings which it may deem 
proper, not inconsistent with this Plan of Organization. It shall be the duty of the 
County Executive Committee to notify the Precinct Chairman or person who is to 
preside at the biennial precinct meeting of the date, time and place of the biennial 
County Convention and the votes that each precinct is entitled to cast at the County 
Convention; to prepare and furnish all forms and blanks needed in making the 
returns from the precinct meetings and any reported challenges and appeals there- 
from; and it shall have the power to raise the funds necessary to pay for the ex- 
penses thereof. 



160 North Carolina Manual 

The County Secretary shall forward a copy of each precinct organization and 
officers of the county organization to the State Chairman. 

Section 8. Removal of County Officers: Any officer of the County Executive 
Committee who gives support to, aids, or helps any opposing political Party or 
candidate of any other political Party, or who refuses or fails to perform his, or 
her, duties in organizing the county, or who is convicted of a crime involving moral 
turpitude, shall be removed from office in the following manner: 

(1) A complaint setting forth full details and duly verified shall be filed with 
the State Chairman by three active Democrats in the county. The State Chair- 
man shall, upon the approval of a majority of the other State Executive Commit- 
tee elected officers, after giving five days notice thereof, call a meeting of the 
Council of Review to hear the complainant, the alleged offender and any other in- 
terested parties or witnesses. A majority vote of those members of the Council of 
Review present and voting shall be necessary to remove a county officer. The de- 
cision of the Council of Review shall be final. 

(2) If, in the opinion of the State Chairman, a County Chairman or other 
officer is disloyal or refuses to perform his or her duty, he or she shall, after the 
approval of a majority of the other State Executive Committee elected officers, 
file a complaint with the Chairman of the Council of Review outlining his or her 
charges and after giving five days notice thereof, call a meeting of the Council of 
Review to sit in executive session unless otherwise requested by the accused and 
determine whether the county officer named in the complaint should be removed 
from office. The officer can be represented by counsel if he or she desires. A ma- 
jority vote of those members of the Council of Review present and voting shall be 
necessary to remove a county officer. The decision of the Council of Review shall 
be final. 

ARTICLE III 

SECTIONAL ORGANIZATION 

Section 1. Congressional District Executive Committee: There shall be a 
Congressional District Executive Committee for each Congressional District in 
the state. It shall be composed of two members from each county in the district. 
These members shall be elected at their respective biennial County Conventions. 
These two members shall be entitled to cast for their county one vote for each 
three hundred Democratic votes or major fraction thereof cast by their county for 
Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election. In the event that the two 
members should disagree on how their county's votes will be cast, then each mem- 
ber shall cast exactly one-half of the votes which their county is entitled to cast. 
If only one representative of a county is present at a meeting of this committee 
and the other member from that county on this committee has not designated a 
Democrat as his or her alternate, in accord with Article IX, Section 3, who is 
present, then such representative shall be entitled to cast all of the votes which 
the county is entitled to cast. 

Section 2. Judicial District Executive Committee : There shall be a Judicial 
District Executive Committee for each Judicial District in the state. It shall be 



Democratic Party 161 

composed of two members from each county in the district. These members shall 
be elected at their respective biennial County Conventions. These two members 
shall be entitled to cast for their county one vote for each three hundred Demo- 
cratic votes or major fraction thereof cast by their county for Governor at the last 
preceding gubernatorial election. In the event that the two members should disa- 
gree on how their county's votes will be cast, then each member shall cast exactly 
one-half of the votes which their county is entitled to cast. This committee shall, 
in addition to its other duties, perform such duties as may be imposed upon a 
Solicitorial District Executive Committee by the General Statutes of North Caro- 
lina and as would normally be performed by a Solicitorial District Executive 
Committee. If only one representative of a county is present at a meeting of this 
committee and the other member from that county has not designated a Demo- 
crat as his or her alternate, in accord with Article IX, Section 3, who is present, 
then such representative shall be entitled to cast all of the votes which the county 
is entitled to cast. 

Section 3. State Senatorial District Executive Committee: There shall be a 
State Senatorial District Executive Committee for each State Senatorial District 
in the state. It shall be composed of two members from each county in the district. 
These members shall be elected at their respective biennial County Conventions. 
These two members shall be entitled to cast for their county one vote for each 
three hundred Democratic votes or major fraction thereof cast by their county for 
Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election. In the event that the two 
members should disagree on how their county's votes will be cast, then each mem- 
ber shall cast exactly one-half of the votes which their county is entitled to cast 
If only one representative of a county is present at a meeting of this committee 
and the other member from the county on this committee has not designated a 
Democrat as his or her alternate, in accord with Article IX, Section 3, who is 
present, then such representative shall be entitled to cast all of the votes which 
the county is entitled to cast. 

Section 4. House of Representatives District Executive Committee: There 
shall be a House of Representatives District Executive Committee for each House 
of Representatives District in the state. It shall be composed of two members 
from each county in the district. These members shall be elected at their respec- 
tive biennial County Conventions. These two members shall be entitled to cast for 
their county one vote for each three hundred Democratic votes or major fraction 
thereof cast by their county for the Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial 
election. In the event that the two members should disagree on how their county's 
votes will be cast, then each member shall cast exactly one-half of the votes which 
their county is entitled to cast. If only one representative of a county is present 
at a meeting of this committee and the other member from that county on this 
committee has not designated a Democrat as his or her alternate, in accord with 
Article IX, Section 3, who is present, then such representative shall be entitled to 
cast all of the votes which the county is entitled to cast. 

Section 5. Officers of District Executive Committees: It shall be the duty of 
the State Chairman as soon as practical after the biennial County Conventions, to 
appoint one member as Chairman and one member as Secretary of each of the Dis- 
trict Executive Committees provided for in Sections 1-4 of this Article; provided, 



162 North Carolina Manual 

that the first order of business at the biennial Congressional District Convention 
shall be the election of a Congressional District Chairman who shall preside at 
said Congressional District Convention and serve as Chairman of the Congressional 
District Executive Committee until the next biennial Congressional District Con- 
vention. The State Chairman shall fill by appointment any vacancies in the Chair- 
manship or Secretaryship of the various District Executive Committees. A person 
appointed as Chairman of any District Executive Committee shall retain his or her 
voting rights as a member of the particular District Executive Committee to which 
he or she was elected. 

Section 6. One County Districts: Should any Congressional, Judicial, Solici- 
torial, State Senatorial or House of Representatives District be composed of only 
one county then the County Executive Committee of said county shall be the Con- 
gressional, Judicial, State Senatorial or House of Representatives District Execu- 
tive Committee for the respective district. 

Section 7. Removal of District Committee Officers and Members: Any officer 
or member of a District Executive Committee who gives support to, aids or helps 
any opposing political Party or candidate of any other political Party, or who re- 
fuses or fails to perform his or her duties, or who is convicted of a crime involving 
moral turpitude, shall be removed from office in the following manner: 

(1) A complaint setting forth full details and duly verified shall be filed with 
the State Chairman by three active Democrats in the district . The State Chairman 
shall, upon the approval of a majority of the other State Executive Committee 
elected officers, after giving five days notice thereof, call a meeting of the Council 
of Review to hear the complainant, the alledged offender and any other interested 
parties or witnesses. A majority vote of those members of the Council of Review 
present and voting shall be necessary to remove an officer or member of a District 
Executive Committee. The decision of the Council of Review shall be final. 

(2) If, in the opinion of the State Chairman, an officer or member of a District 
Executive Committee is disloyal or refuses to perform his or her duties, he or she 
shall, after the approval of a majority of the other State Executive Committee 
elected officers, file a complaint with the Chairman of the Council of Review out- 
lining his or her charges and after giving five days notice thereof, call a meeting 
of the Council of Review to sit in executive session unless otherwise requested by 
the accused and determine whether the District Executive Committee officer or 
member named in his complaint should be removed from office. The officer can be 
represented by counsel if he or she desires. A majority vote of those members of 
the Council of Review present and voting shall be necessary to remove a county 
officer. The decision of the Council of Review shall be final. 

ARTICLE IV 

STATE ORGANIZATION 

Section 1. State Executive Committee: The State Democratic Executive 
Committee shall consist of its elected officers, appointed officers, ex-officio officers, 
ex-officio members and a person or persons from each county in the State who 
shall be elected at the County Convention held on even-numbered years. Each 



Democratic Party 163 

county is entitled to one member of the State Executive Committee for each three 
thousand Democratic votes or major fraction thereof cast by that county for 
Governor at the last preceeding gubernatorial election, provided, however, that 
each county shall have at least one member. The County Chairman shall be the 
member or one of the members elected from the county ; provided that in counties 
which are entitled to only one member of the State Democratic Excutive Commit- 
tee, the County Chairman may be the member elected from the county. 

When the State Executive Committee is not in session, the elected, appointed, 
and ex-officio officers of the State Executive Committee shall act in the place of the 
State Executive Committee in all matters, except those requiring action by the en- 
tire Executive Committee as stated by this Plan of Organization. The officers of the 
State Executive Committee must meet at least once every three months upon call 
of the State Chairman or upon request of a majority of the officers. 

The term of office of the members of the State Executive Committee shall be 
for two years and shall expire on the date set for the next succeeding biennial 
County Convention following their election or when their successors shall be elect- 
ed, whichever shall occur first. 

Vacancies occurring on the State Executive Committee shall be filled by the 
County Executive Committee of the county in which such vacancies exist. Within 
sixty days following the creation of a vacancy, the County Chairman shall call a 
meeting of the County Executive Committee to fill the vacancy. The meeting shall 
be held not less than ten days following formal notice of said meeting. 

Section 2. Elected Officers: In each odd-numbered year, the State Chairman 
shall convene the State Executive Committee prior to March 1st for the purpose of 
electing its officers. The State Executive Committee shall have as its elected 
officers a Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen and a Secretary. The First Vice-Chair- 
man must be of opposite sex to the Chairman. If the Chairman and First Vice- 
Chairman are of the same race, the Second Vice-Chairman must be of that race, 
other than the race of the Chairman and First Vice-Chairman, which constitutes 
at least twenty percent of the registered Democratic voters in he State. 

If for any reason there should occur a vacancy in the Chairmanship of the 
State Executive Committee, the Vice-Chairman of the Committee in order of suc- 
cession shall be vested with full authority and power of the Chairman until such 
time as the State Executive Committee has met and duly elected a successor to 
such Chairman. 

Section 3. Appointed Officers: The Chairman of the State Executive Com- 
mittee shall appoint a Chairman of Minority Affairs, a Treasurer and State Ad- 
visor of the Teenage Democrats to serve at his or her pleasure. 

Section 4. Ex-officio Officers: The President of the Democratic Women of 
North Carolina and the President of the Young Democratic Clubs of North Caro- 
lina shall serve as ex-officio officers of the State Executive Committee. 

Section 5. Ex-officio Me?nbers: The other members of the Democratic Na- 
tional Committee from North Carolina and the National Committeeman and Na- 



164 North Carolina Manual 

tional Committeewoman of the Young- Democratic Clubs shall be ex-officiu mem- 
bers of the State Executive Committee. 

SECTION 6. Voting on the State Executive Committee : All members of the 
State Executive Committee whether elected, appointed or ex-officio shall be entitled 
to one vote. 

SECTION 7. Duties of the Chairman and Certai)i officers: (1) The Chair- 
man shall be responsible for State Party organization and for doing all things 
necessary in carrying out the best interest of the Party. He, or she, shall convene 
the State Executive Committee at least annually, set dates of state-wide annual 
meetings and conventions, appoint appropriate committees for carrying out neces- 
sary activities of the Party, and obtain all materials necessary for the proper per- 
formance of his, or her, duties. 

(2) The Secretary shall have the duty and responsibility of having kept all 
records of the State Executive Committee including attendance at all meetings, 
having issued all notices, having all correspondence prepared, and carrying out any 
other duties that may be assigned by the Chairman. 

(3) The Treasurer shall have the duty of directing the raising and disbursing 
of funds for the operation and activities of the State Democratic Party. He, or 
she, shall have kept records of all money received and expended in behalf of the 
Party and shall have prepared lists of all donors and shall have prepared all re- 
ports as may be required by State or Federal regulations. 

(4) The State Advisor of the Teenage Democrats shall have the duty of pro- 
pagating Teen Dem Clubs throughout North Carolina and of providing guidance 
and coordination for Teenage Democratic operations and activities. 

Section 8. State Executive Director: A full time Executive Director shall be 
selected by the elected officers of the State Executive Committee and shall be em- 
ployed by contractual agreement. The performance and contract of the Executive 
Director shall be subject to annual review by the elected officers. The Executive 
Director shall serve without vote as an ex-officio member of the State Executive 
Committee. The administrative staff of the State Democratic Headquarters shall 
be employed by and under the supervision of the Executive Director. 

Section 9. Call for Party Meetings: At least 10 days prior to any meeting of 
the State Executive Committee notices shall be mailed stating date, time, place 
and proposed agenda of such meeting. 

Upon written receipt of petition from 40'/< of the State Executive Committee, 
the State Chairman shall call a meeting of the full State Executive Committee 
within thirty days. 

Section 10. Order of Business of the State Executive Committee: Each year, 
the State Chairman shall convene the State Executive Committee prior to March 
1st. In the even-numbered years at such meeting of the State Executive Commit- 
tee, it shall be the duty of the State Chairman to publicly announce and enter into 
the proceedings of that meeting the following as the first order of business: 



Democratic Party 165 

(1) The exact day on which the precinct meetings are to be held in accordance 
with Article I, Section 2. 

(2) The exact date and time at which County Conventions are to be held in 
accordance with Article V, Section 1. 

(3) The exact date and time at which Congressional District Conventions are 
to be held in accordance with Article VI, Section 1. In addition, the State Chair- 
man shall designate the town or city in which such Conventions shall be held. 

(4) The exact date, time and place at which the State Convention is to be held 
in accordance with Article VI, Section 2. 

(5) In promulgating the dates for County, District and State Conventions, 
the State Chairman shall set the dates for such Conventions so as to provide a 
reasonable time between all such meetings for the resolutions adopted by the 
various Conventions to the Resolutions and Platform Committee of the State Con- 
vention. 

(6) The State Chairman shall announce the number of votes to which each 
county is entitled at the biennial Congressional District Conventions and at the 
biennial State Convention; the number of persons which each county shall elect as 
members of the State Democratic Executive Committee; and the total number of 
votes which the representatives of a county are entitled to cast as members of the 
several District Executive Committees provided for in Article III. 

(7) The State Party Chairman shall designate a temporary Chairman to 
preside at the Congressional District Convention until such time as a Congres- 
sional District Chairman is elected. It shall be the duty of said temporary Chair- 
man to make arrangements for the holding of said District Convention. 

(8) The financial statement and the proposed biennial budget shall be pre- 
sented for approval. 

Section 11. Notice of Party Meetings: Immediately after the adjournment 
of the above mentioned meeting of the State Executive Committee, it shall be the 
duty of the State Chairman to publish the proceedings of the same and it shall be 
the duty of the State Secretary to notify, in writing, the several County Chair- 
men of the date, time and places so fixed for the holding of precinct meetings and 
Conventions; the number of delegates to which each county is entitled at District 
and State Conventions; the number of members to which each county is entitled on 
the State Executive Committee; and the total number of votes to which each 
county is entitled on the several District Executive Committees. 

Two weeks prior to the date set for the precinct meetings, the County Conven- 
tion, the Congressional District Convention, and the State Convention, the State 
Chairman shall disseminate by means of press release to all news media in the 
State, the time, location (except for County Conventions) and function of each 
meeting or Convention, and urge all active Democrats to participate. The County 
Chairman shall disseminate similar information (including the locations for 
County Conventions) to the news media within his county and shall post a copy 
of the call forwarded to him by the State Secretary at the courthouse door of this 
county. Four weeks prior to the date set for the Congressional District Conven- 



166 North Carolina Manual 

tion, the State Chairman shall disseminate by means of all news media in the 
State the exact location (within the town or city previously designated) at which 
such Convention shall be held. In addition to the procedures outlined above, the 
State Chairman and the County Chairman shall use such other means and methods 
as will insure full and timely knowledge of the functions and times of all Party 
meetings. 

Section 12. Audit Committee: The State Executive Council shall appoint a 
committee of three persons whose duty it shall be to audit annually the financial 
accounts and balances of the State Executive Committee. 

Section 13. Removal of Elected Officers and Members of the State Executive 
Committee: Any elected officer or member of the State Executive Committee who 
gives support to, aids, or helps any opposing political Party or candidate of any 
other political Party, or who refuses or fails to perform his or her duties, or who 
is convicted of a crime involving moral turptude, shall be removed from office in 
the following manner: 

(1) State Chairman. Upon receipt of a petition of complaint setting forth 
full details and duly verified from a majority of the State Executive Committee, 
the First Vice-Chairman of the State Executive Committee shall, after giving five 
days notice thereof, call a meeting of the Council of Review to hear the complain- 
ant, the alleged offender and any other interested parties or witnesses. A majority 
vote of those members of the Council of Review present and voting shall be neces- 
sary to remove the State Chairman. The State Chairman can be represented by 
counsel if he or she desires. The decision of the Council of Review may be appealed 
to the State Convention. 

(2) Other Elected Officers and Members of the State Executive Committee. 
If, in the opinion of the State Chairman, a State Vice-Chairman, Secretary or 
member of the State Executive Committee is disloyal or refuses to perform his or 
her duty, the State Chairman shall, after the approval of a majority of the other 
State Executive Committee elected officers, file a complaint with the Chairman of 
the Council of Review outlining his or her charges and after giving five days 
notice thereof, call a meeting of the Council of Review to sit in executive session 
unless otherwise requested by the accused and determine whether the elected 
officer or member of the State Executive Committee named in the complaint should 
be removed from office. The officer can be represented by counsel if he or she de- 
sires. A majority vote of those members of the Council of Review present and 
voting shall be necessary to remove a county officer. The decision of the Council 
of Review shall be final. 

If three active Democrats in a county submit a written complaint over a mem- 
ber of the State Executive Committee from their county, setting forth full details 
and duly verified, the State Chairman shall, upon the approval of a majority of 
the other State Executive Committee elected officers, after giving five days notice 
thereof, call a meeting of the Council of Review to hear the complainant, the al- 
leged offender and any other interested parties or witnesses. A majority vote of 
those members of the Council of Review present and voting shall be necessary to 
remove a member of the State Executive Committee. The decision of the Council 
of Review shall be final. 



Democratic Party 167 

ARTICLE V 
COUNTY CONVENTIONS 

Section 1. Meeting and Function: Each county shall hold a biennial County 
Convention each even-numbered year. This Convention shall be held from nine to 
twenty-nine days following the date set by this Plan of Organization for the first 
biennial precinct meeting. The State Chairman shall designate the date, and the 
time of such Convention. The County Chairman shall thirty days prior to the date 
such Convention is to be held, designate the exact place where such Convention is 
to be held and the same shall be announced prior to the adjournment of the bien- 
nial precinct meetings. 

All County Conventions shall be called to order by the County Chairman, and 
in his, or her, absence, by the Vice-Chairman or by one of the Vice-Chairmen in 
order of succession and in his, or her, or their absence, by any member of the 
County Executive Committee that may be present at the Convention, and in case 
none of the foregoing persons shall be present, then by any delegate to the Conven- 
tion; and he, or she, shall preside until a permanent Chairman is elected by the 
Convention. 

The biennial County Convention shall, from among the active Democrats of 
the county, elect: 

1. The officers of the County Executive Committee. 

2. The members of the State Executive Committee, to which the county is en- 
titled. 

3. Delegates and alternates to the biennial Congressional District Convention 
and to the biennial State Convention. The County Chairman shall notify in writing 
within five days all persons elected as delegates and alternates. 

4. Two members to each of the following: the Congressional District Execu- 
tive Committee, the Judicial District Executive Committee, the State Senatorial 
District Executive Committee, the House of Representatives District Executive 
Committee, provided that a county that is not a part of a multi-county Congres- 
sional, Judicial, Senatorial or House of Representatives District shall not elect 
members to that particular District Executive Committee. 

Section 2. Rules: (1) The County Chairman shall provide the Convention 
with a sufficient number of secretaries or accountants, who shall reduce the votes 
to decimals and tabulate the same, disregarding all fractions after second or 
hundredths column. 

(2) Nothing herein contained shall prevent the Convention from making 
nominations, holding elections and conducting business viva voce or by acclamation 
where a vote by precincts is not demanded by 25% of the certified votes present. 

(3) After a vote is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until after the 
roll call is completed and before the final result of the ballot shall be announced by 
the Chairman of the Convention. 



168 North Carolina Manual 

(4) It shall be the duty of the delegates from the several precincts to choose 
one of their number as chairman, whose name shall be reported to the Chairman 
of the Convention; and whose duty it shall be to cast the vote of his or her precinct 
as directed, and the vote as announced by him or her shall be recorded unless some 
delegate from that precinct shall challenge its accuracy, in which case it shall be 
the duty of the Chairman of the Convention to cause the roll of delegates from 
that precinct to be called upon which the vote of such precinct shall be tabulated 
and recorded according to the response of the delegates ; but in no event shall the 
vote of one precinct be challenged by a delegate from another precinct. 

(5) The County Executive Committee shall have the power to make such 
other rules and regulations for the holding of County Conventions not inconsistent 
with this Plan of Organization, as may be deemed necessary or expedient. 

Section 3. Voting: Each precinct sha'l be entitled to cast in the County 
Convention one vote for every fifty Der.-.ocratic votes or major fraction thereof 
cast by the precinct for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election ; 
provided that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote at the 
County Convention. The precinct delegates or alternates, or such of them as shall 
attend the biennial County Convention, shall be entitled to vote the full strength 
of their precinct upon all matters of business which may come before said Conven- 
tion. 

Section 4. Nomination Convention Where County Not Under Primary Law: 
In all counties in which the selection of candidates for members of the General 
Assembly and county and township offices is not provided for by the primary law, 
nominations shall be made in the following manner: 

(1) The County Executive Committee shall meet and set a time and place for 
holding a County Convention for the nomination of candidates for the aforesaid 
offices, and shall also set the time and places for holding the necessary preliminary 
precinct meetings, and thereupon the County Chairman shall issue a call for the 
precinct meetings and the County Convention, which call shall be sent to the pre- 
cinct officials and published in such manner and form as directed by Article IV, 
Section 11. 

(2) At the meeting held in each precinct pursuant to said call, delegates and 
alternates to represent the precinct at the County Convention shall be elected from 
the active Democrats of the precinct; and said delegates or alternates, or such of 
them as shall attend the County Convention, shall be entitled to vote the full 
strength of their precinct in the nomination of candidates and upon all questions 
which may come before the County Convention. 

(3) Each precinct shall be entitled to cast at the County Convention one vote 
for every fifty Democratic votes, or a major fraction thereof cast by the precinct 
for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election; provided that every 
precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in the County Convention, and 
each precinct may appoint as many delegates to said Convention as it may see fit, 
not exceeding three delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said pre- 
cinct may be entitled in the County Convention; provided that each precinct shall 
elect at least one delegate for each vote to which it is entitled at the County Con- 
vention. 



Democratic Party 169 

(4) The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the Precinct Chairman, 
but in his or her absence, the Precinct Vice-Chairmen, in order of succession and 
in the absence of both the Chairman and Vice-Chairmen, any member of the com- 
mittee may preside. In the absence of any of the above, any active Democrat may 
preside. 

(5) The County Executive Committee shall have power to make any rules 
with regard to holding precinct meetings which it may deem proper, not incon- 
sistent with this Plan of Organization; it shall be the duty of said committee to 
prepare and furnish all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said 
precinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals therefrom. 

ARTICLE VI 

DISTRICT, STATE AND NATIONAL CONVENTIONS 

Section 1. Congressiorial District Conventions: A biennial Congressional 
District Convention shall be held within the geographical boundaries of each Con- 
gressional District each even-numbered year. It shall be composed of delegates 
elected by the several biennial County Conventions. It shall be held from six to 
twenty-nine days following the holding of biennial County Conventions. The State 
Chairman shall designate the day, the time and the city or town in which such 
Convention shall be held. Each county in a Congressional District shall be entitled 
to cast at a Congressional District Convention one vote for every three hundred 
Democratic votes or major fraction thereof cast in that county for Governor at 
the last preceding gubernatorial election and to elect one delegate and one alter- 
nate to said Convention for each vote it is entitled to cast; provided that each 
County shall be entitled to cast at least one vote. 

This Convention shall, from among the active Democrats of the district: 

(1) As the first order of business, elect a Congressional District Chairman 
in accord with Article III, Section 5. 

(2) Elect one member of the biennial State Convention's Committee on Perm- 
anent Organization, Rules and Order of Business. 

(3) Elect one member of the biennial State Convention's Committee on Cre- 
dentials and Appeals. 

(4) Elect one member of the Council of Review. 

(5) In each Presidential election year, elect from among the active Demo- 
crats in the district the number of delegates first and then alternates to the Na- 
tional Convention allotted to each Congressional District. 

(6) In each Presidential election year, nominate one Presidential elector 
from that Congressional District. 

(7) Elect one member of the State Legislative Policy Committee. 

(8) In each Presidential election year, elect one member of the Delegate Nomi- 
nating Committee. 



170 North Carolina Manual 

Section 2. State Conventions: A biennial State Convention shall be held 
each even-numbered year. It shall be held from six to twenty-nine days following 
the date set by the State Chairman for the holding of the biennial Congressional 
District Conventions. The State Chairman shall designate the day, the time and 
the location of such Convention. The State Convention shall be composed of dele- 
gates elected by the biennial County Conventions. 

Each county in the State shall be entitled to cast at a State Convention one 
vote for every three hundred Democratic votes or major fraction thereof cast in 
that county for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election and to elect 
one delegate and one alternate to said Convention for each vote it is entitled to 
cast; provided that each county shall be entitled to cast at least one vote. 

SECTION 3. Delegates to National Convention and Presidential Electors: (1) 
Following the receipt of the "Call to the National Convention" issued by the Dem- 
ocratic National Committee, the State CI. airman shall promulgate in accord with 
the provisions of the Plan of Organization the number of votes to be cast by Na- 
tional Convention delegates elected by each Congressional District Convention and 
by the biennial State Convention, and the number of delegates and alternates to 
be elected by each Congressional District Convention and by the State Convention 
(including the number of votes or fractional votes that each delegate is entitled 
to cast). The number of fractional votes to which the State is entitled shall be 
allocated among the District Congressional Conventions and the State Convention 
in proportion to the number of delegate votes allocated to said Convention. 

At the Congressional District Convention and the State Convention at which 
delegates to the National Convenion are to be elected, it shall be announced prior 
to the election thereof which delegates to be elected are entitled to cast whole votes 
and which delegates are entitled to cast fractional votes. 

Alternates shall be apportioned and elected in the same manner as delegates. 
The alternates to be elected at each Congressional District and the State Conven- 
tion shall be designated as first alternate, second alternate, third alternate, etc. 
The order designated shall be the order followed in filling vacancies in the dele- 
gates elected at the respective Congressional District Conventions and at the 
State Convention. 

(2) The several biennial Congressional District Conventions during Presiden- 
tial election years shall elect delegates to the National Convention who shall be 
entitled to cast seventy-five percent of the votes which the State is entitled to cast 
at the National Convention. The number of votes in which each Congressional 
District shall be entitled to elect delegates to cast shall be determined as follows: 

The percentage of the total vote that each Congressional District cast for the 
Democratic Presidential nominee in the preceding Presidential election multiplied 
by seventy-five percent of the votes which the State is entitled to cast at the Na- 
tional Convention, the result of said multiplications being rounded off to the nearest 
whole and an exact half shall be rounded off to the next highest whole, except that 
the percentage of the total vote that each Congressional District cast lor the Dem- 
cratic Presidential nominee in the preceding Presidential election shall be rounded 
off to the nearest hundredth. Where the geographical composition of a Congres- 



Democratic Party 171 

sional District shall have been changed by the General Assembly following the 
preceding Presidential election, then the percentage of total votes cast by each Con- 
gressional District as hereinabove referred to shall be determined on the basis of 
geographical composition of the Congressional District for the upcoming general 
election. 

The newly elected Congressional District Chairman shall be responsible for 
reporting the list of National Convention delegates and alternates to the State 
Chairman within five days after their election. 

(3) The biennial State Convention shall elect from among the active Demo- 
crats in the State delegates, one of whom shall be the Democratic Governor, and 
alternates who shall be entitled to cast the remaining twenty-five percent of the 
votes which the State is entitled to cast at a National Convention. There shall be 
elected at each biennial Congressional District Convention during Presidential 
election years one person to serve on a Delegate Nominating Committee. The 
State Chairman shall serve as Chairman of this Committee but shall not be en- 
titled to a vote on the Committee. It shall be the duty of this Committee to meet 
at least five days prior to the biennial State Convention at the call of the State 
Chairman and select a slate of delegates and alternates which they will nominate 
at the State Convention to cast the votes hereinabove referred to. At the State 
Convention, the Delegate Nominating Committee shall nominate persons to cast 
the remaining twenty-five percent of the votes which the State is entitled to cast 
at a National Convention. The report of the Committee is subject to an amend- 
ment from the floor either as to one nominee, or several nominees. The biennial 
State Convention shall be the final authority in the election of the delegates to cast 
the votes hereinabove referred to. 

(4) A vacancy in the position of alternate to the National Convention that 
occurs after the Convention which elected said alternate adjourns, shall be filled 
by alternates listed behind the said vacant position moving up one place, and a new 
alternate shall be appointed by the Chairman of the National Convention delega- 
tion. Where possible, vacancies in alternates elected at a District Convention 
shall be filled by persons from said district. 

(5) The delegates and alternates to the National Convention shall convene 
promptly after their election at the call of the National Committeeman. The Dem- 
ocratic Governor shall be Chairman of the delegation. Should the State not have a 
Democratic Governor or should he be unable to serve as Chairman, the delegates 
and alternates shall thereupon elect a Delegation Chairman and such other officer 
as are required for participation in the National Convention. They shall also 
name the National Committee representatives and fill such other position as shall 
be established by the delegation or the Democratic National Committee. Persons 
to fill any vacancies that may occur in the positions of National Committee repre- 
sentatives between National Conventions shall be named by the officers of the State 
Executive Committee. 

(6) The State Convention shall confirm the nominations for Presidential 
electors certified by the several districts and, in addition thereto, shall nominate 
two Presidential electors at large. 

Section 4. Rules: (1) The delegates or alternates, or such of them as shall 



172 North Carolina Manual 

attend a District or State Convention, shall be entitled to vote the full strength 
of their county upon all questions, nominations or elections which may come before 
the respective District or State Convention. 

(2) In both District and State Conventions, after a vote is cast, there shall 
be no change in such vote until after the roll call is completed and before the final 
result of the ballot shall be announced by the Chairman of said Convention. 

(3) The County Chairmen shall certify to the State Chairman and State 
Secretary the list of delegates and alternates from their county to the District 
and State Conventions. 

(4) The State Secretary shall make up a roll of all delegates and alternates 
from the several counties to the District and State Conventions and transmit the 
same to the Chairman of the District and State Conventions. 

(5) In District and State Conventions, an election or a nomination may be 
made by any majority, even though it be a fraction of a vote. 

(6) In all District and State Conventions, it shall be the duty of the delegates 
from the several counties to choose one of their number chairman, whose name 
shall be reported to the Chairman of such Convention, and whose duty it shall be 
to cast the vote of his or her county as directed, and the vote as announced by him 
or her shall be recorded unless some delegate from that county shall challenge its 
accuracy, in which event it shall be the duty of the Chairman of the Convention to 
cause the roll of delegates from that county to be called, upon which the vote of 
such county shall be tabulated and recorded according to the response of its dele- 
gates; but in no event shall the vote of one county be challenged by a delegate 
from another county. 

(7) Nothing herein contained shall prevent the District and State Conven- 
tions from making nominations, hold elections and conducting business viva voce 
or by acclamation where a vote of counties is not demanded by any delegate present. 

ARTICLE VII 
POLICY COMMITTEES 

Section 1. Resolutions and Platform Committee: At the meeting of the 
State Executive Committee referred to in Article IV, Section 5, the State Execu- 
tive Committee shall elect one person from each Congressional District to the 
Resolutions and Platform Committee of the biennial State Convention. In addi- 
tion, the State Chairman shall appoint four members to said Committee. 

The State Chairman shall designate from among the elected members of the 
Committee a Chairman, a Vice-Chairman and a Secretary. 

The Committee shall meet at the call of its Chairman. It shall prepare the 
proposed platform of the Party for submission to the State Convention and shall 
consider all resolutions addressed to the biennial State Convention. The Commit- 
tee is encouraged to hold one or more public hearings and to invite testimony from 
all citizens. 



Democratic Party 173 

Section 2. State Legislative Policy Committee : There is established the State 
Legislative Policy Committee. It shall be composed of the Democratic Governor or 
his, or her, representative (or the nominee), the Democratic Lieutenant Governor, 
the Democratic Speaker of the State House of Representatives, the State Chair- 
man, the several State Vice-Chairmen, the National Committee members, the 
Chairman of the Democratic Caucus of the State Senate and State House of Rep- 
resentatives, a member from each Congressional District elected at the biennial 
Congressional District Convention and five persons appointed by the officers of the 
State Executive Committee. 

The State Chairman shall serve as Chairman of this Committee. 

This Committee shall meet at least once monthly while the General Assembly 
is in session and at other times upon the call of the Chairman. 

This Committee shall formulate recommendations for state and national Dem- 
ocratic legislative policy. It shall communicate to state and national legislators 
grassroots sentiment on legislative issues. It shall assist in sponsoring public 
forums throughout the State on state and national issues. 

Section 3. County Issues Committees: Each County Chairman may appoint 
"Issue Committees" of between five and fifteen members, and a Chairman of each 
to serve until the succeeding County Convention. 

The substantive concerns of these committees shall be determined and an- 
nounced by the County Chairman who shall endeavor to make such committees 
relevant to the concerns of citizens of his or her county. 

Such committees shall solicit the views of citizens of the county and shall 
formulate and adopt, by simple majority vote, resolutions and/or proposed legis- 
lation for submission to the County Executive Committee. 

The County Executive Committee shall meet at the call of its Chairman to 
vote to endorse or not endorse such resolutions or proposals but shall in any event 
pass a records of such proposals and their action to the Democratic State Head- 
quarters for submission to the appropriate State Party Committees and to ap- 
propriate local elected officials. 

ARTICLE VIII 

COUNCIL OF REVIEW 

Section 1. Purpose: There is hereby established a Council of Review for the 
purpose of hearing and rendering fair and impartial decisions on such disputes and 
controversies which have arisen on which may hereafter arise wthin the Party 
when the same are filed with said Council by the State Chairman, or by the State 
Executive Committee, or when they are brought to the attention of the Chairman 
of the Council of Review by an aggrieved Democrat. 

Section 2. Composition: The Council of Review shall consist of one member 
from each Congressional District who shall be elected by the biennial Congression- 
al District Conventions, and two members at large to be appointed by the officers 
of the State Executive Committee, 



174 North Carolina Manual 

Members of the Council of Review shall serve for a term of two years begin- 
ning - January 1st following their election, provided that persons elected to the 
Council of Review at the 1970 biennial Congressional District Conventions shall 
take office immediately upon their election. The Council of Review shall elect from 
among its membership a Chairman. The Chairman of the Council of Review shall 
always be entitled to a vote. 

Section 3. Rules and Decisions: A majority of the entire membership of the 
Council of Review shall constitute a quorum. All decisions concurred in by a ma- 
jority of the Council of Review present and voting shall be final and binding upon 
all North Carolina Democratic Party meetings, conventions and officials, except 
that any decision of the Council of Review may be appealed to the State Conven- 
tion. The State Chairman is hereby directed to issue such further and supple- 
mentary directives as may be necessary and proper to implement the decisions and 
directives of this Council. The Council of Review is further empowered and di- 
rected to adopt necessary and appropriate rules to assure that each dispute and 
grievance is settled impartially, equitably and according to the rules of justice and 
fairness. 

Section 4. Rights Reserved: The State Executive Committee shall have the 
right to remove from office any member of the Council of Review upon two-thirds 
of said Committee present and voting being satisfied that the Council member has 
been disloyal to the Party or guilty of any misconduct which is not in keeping with 
his or her high position of honor in the Democratic Party. 

Section 5. Vacancies: A vacancy in the membership of the Council of Review 
shall be filled by the Congressional District Executive Committee of the Congres- 
sional District in which such vacancy exists, provided that vacancies in members 
at large shall be filled by the officers of the State Executive Committee. 

Section 6. Notification : The Council of Review shall assume jurisdiction of 
matters and disputes arising from any Party meeting or convention provided for 
in this Plan of Organization, provided such dispute or grievance is brought to the 
attention of the Chairman of the Council of Review within seventy-two hours after 
such meeting or convention was convened or was to have been convened. Any 
grievances not brought to the attention of the Chairman of the Council of Review 
within the seventy-two hour period shall be deemed to have been waived. An ag- 
grieved Democrat shall be deemed to have brought such to the attention of the 
Chairman of the Council of Review if written notice was filed with or deposited in 
the mail to the Chairman of the Council of Review, the State Chairman or State 
Democratic Headquarters within the seventy-two hour period. Additionally, the 
Council of Review is directed to assume jurisdiction of all matters and disputes 
pending and hereafter brought to its attention by the State Chairman. 

Section 7. Calls: Upon receipt of the grievance by the Council of Review, it 
shall immediately notify the County Chairman of the county in which the aggriev- 
ed party resides, of the nature of the grievance filed and the time and place that 
the Council of Review will hear the matter. 

Section 8. Exceptions: Nothing herein shall prevent preliminary adjudica- 
tion of grievances by appropriate Credentials or Grievance Committees at the 
county or district level, provided that the seventy-two hour notice period shall be- 



Democratic Party 175 

gin at the time of the decision by the said County or District Credentials or Griev- 
ances Committee. 

ARTICLE IX 
MISCELLANEOUS 

Section 1. Committee Meetings: All committees shall meet at such times 
and places as the Chairman of the respective committee may from time to time 
appoint and designate in the call. 

Section 2. Quorum: Forty percent of the entire membership of any commit- 
tee shall constitute a quorum. 

Section 3. Proxy Voting: (1) State Executive Committee. A member of the 
State Executive Committee may designate an active Democrat who is a member of 
the County Executive Committee or Precinct Committee from his, or her, county 
to serve as his or her, alternate for a particular State Executive Committee meet- 
ing by notifying the State Chairman, State Secretary or Executive Director of 
such designation in writing prior to the call to order of any such meeting, pro- 
vided, however, that no one person may serve as an alternate for more than one 
member at any meeting and no member or alternate may be entitled to more than 
one vote. 

(2) District Executive Committees. A member of a District Executive Com- 
mittee may designate an active Democrat who is a member of the County Executive 
Committee or Precinct Committee from his, or her, county to serve as his, or her, 
alternate for a particular District Executive Committee meeting by notifying the 
committee chairman or committee secretary of such designation in writing prior 
to the call to order of any such meeting provided, however, that no person may 
serve as an alternate for more than one member at any meeting and no member 
can also serve at the same meeting as an alternate. 

(3) County Executive Committee. A member of the County Executive Com- 
mittee may designate an active Democrat who is a member of his or her precinct 
committee to serve as his, or her, alternate for a particular County Executive 
Committee meeting by notifying the County Chairman or County Secretary of such 
designation in writing prior to the call to order of any such meeting provided, 
however, that no one person may serve as an alternate for more than one member 
at any meeting and no member can also serve at the same meeting as an alternate. 

Section 4. Vacancies: Vacancies occurring on any District or State Execu- 
tive Committee shall be filled by the County Executive Committee of the county in 
which such vacancies exist. Vacancies occurring in the elected officer positions of 
the County and State Executive Committee shall be filled by the Executive Com- 
mittee in which such vacancies exist. Within sixty days following notice of the 
creation of a vacancy in the Office of Chairman of the State Executive Committee, 
the person serving as State Chairman shall call a meeting of the State Executive 
Committee to fill the vacancy. Vacancies occurring among the membership or in 
any officer positions of any Precinct Committee shall be filled by the remaining 
members of the Precinct Committee. Within thirty days following notice of the 



176 North Carolina Manual 

creation of a vacancy which is to be filled by a County Executive Committee or by 
a Precinct Committee, the County Chairman shall call a meeting of such Commit- 
tee to fill the vacancy. 

Section 5. Candidacies in Primary: Any member of any Executive Commit- 
tee — Precinct, County, District or State — or any officer thereof, who announces his, 
or her, candidacy for an elective office in the Democratic primary shall resign im- 
mediately, his or her, Party office and the vacancy shall be filled as hereinbefore 
provided. Any officer of a County, District or State Executive Committee who 
manages a campaign for a candidate in a Democratic primary shall resign im- 
mediately his Party office and the vacancy shall be filled as provided for in the 
Plan of Organization. 

Section 6. Sub-Committees : All Executive Committees shall have the power 
to appoint sub-committees or special committees for such purposes and with such 
powers in their respective jurisdictions as may be deemed necessary or desirable. 

Section 7. Filling Vacancies Among Candidates: Vacancies shall be filled 
among candidates, and the selection of candidates shall be as prescribed by statute. 

Section 8. Municipal Committee: In the nomination of candidates for muni- 
cipal offices to be voted for in any town or city election, where the same is not con- 
trolled by charter or legislative enactment, a Municipal Executive Committee may 
be created for the purpose of facilitating the orderly selection of such candidates. 
The Committee shall be composed of five active Democrats who are residents of 
the municipality. This Committee shall be elected biennially at a meeting of all 
members of the County Executive Committee who reside in the municipality, the 
meeting to be called and presided over by the County Chairman. It shall be the 
sole function of any Municipal Executive Committee created under the provisions 
of this section to supervise and direct the selection of candidates for municipal 
offices, and to that end, the Committee may formulate such rules and regulations as 
may be deemed necessary or practical. Those persons present at the meeting 
called by the County Chairman shall elect from the membership of the Municipal 
Executive Committee a Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen and a Secretary-Treasurer. 
All vacancies in membership shall be filled by the Municipal Executive Committee. 

Section 9. Appeals: Unless a grievance has been filed with the Council of 
Review, the right of appeal shall lie from any subordinate committee or conven- 
tion to the committee or convention next superior thereto, and in all County, Dis- 
trice or State Conventions, appeals shall first be referred to the Committee on 
Credentials and Appeals, or a special committee provided by the Convention, and 
the findings and reports of such committee had before action thereon by the Con- 
vention. 

Section 10. Reports: It shall be the duty of the County Executive Commit- 
tees and their Chairman to make such reports and furnish such information to the 
State Chairman and Chairman of the several District Committees as the said 
State and District Chairmen may desire. 

Section 11. ''Active Democrat" Defined: An "active Democrat" is defined to 
mean a person who is registered to vote as a Democrat, and who, as a volunteer, 
takes part in Party affairs, giving of his, or her, time and/or means to further the 
interest and efforts of the Democratic Party. 



Democratic Party 177 

Section 12. Plan-vs-Laiv : In the several counties of the State where pri- 
maries are provided for by law, whether optional or mandatory, the Plan of Or- 
ganization shall nevertheless be followed in all matters not inconsistent with such 
laws. 

Section 13. General Rules: Procedural or parliamentary questions not spe- 
cifically covered by this Plan or rules adopted pursuant to authority granted herein 
shall be governed by the provisions of Robert's Rules of Order Revised. 

Section 14. Unit Rule Abolished: The use of the unit rule is prohibited in 
all activities and at all levels in the Democratic Party in North Carolina. 

ARTICLE X 

AMENDMENTS 

Section 1. Power to Amend: The State Executive Committee, shall at any 
regularly called meeting duly held, have power to amend this Plan of Organization. 

Any amendment adopted by the State Executive Committee including those 
herein contained shall be effective immediately and remain in effect until and un- 
less the same is repealed or amended by action of the next State Convention. All 
amendments to this Plan of Organization must be approved by a two-thirds vote 
of the members or delegates present and voting at the State Executive Committee 
meeting or State Convention considering same. 

The foregoing is the Plan of Organization of the Democratic Party in North 
Carolina as adopted by the State Democratic Executive Committee at a meeting 
held in the City of Raleigh on the 10th day of January, 1970, amended the third 
day of April, 1970, and the 11th day of January, 1972, and the 11th day of May, 
1974. 



178 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEES OF THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY 

(From list furnished by Executive Director, 
State Democratic Executive Committee) 

STATE DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1975 



Democratic Party 179 

CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1974 

JUNE — 1974 

STATE DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

FIRST DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Beaufort W. M. Hodges Washington 

Beaufort Mrs. Verona Cratch Washington 

Bertie W. L. Cooke Windsor 

Camden Mrs. Caroline Halstead South Mills 

Carteret Edward S. Dixon (Bud) Morehead City 

Carteret Hugh Salter Beaufort 

Chowan George Byrum Edenton 

Craven Jimmie L. Morris Vanceboro 

Craven Joseph Thomas Vanceboro 

Currituck Wilbur B. Woodhouse Harbinger 

Dare Charles Fearing Manteo 

Gates Philip P. Godwin Gatesville 

Greene Mrs. Seroba A. Aiken Snow Hill 

Hertford Thomas W. Hill, Sr Murfreesboro 

Hyde Roger Spencer Swanquarter 

Jones Robert Mattocks Maysville 

Lenoir William F. Grice, Jr Kinston 

Lenoir Thomas H. Morris Kinston 

Lenoir Vernon H. Rochelle Kinston 

Martin A. B. Ayers, Jr Williamston 

Pamlico Sutton Venters Stonewall 

Pasquotank Herbert Mullen Elizabeth City 

Perquimans W. F. (Bill) Ainsley Hertford 

Pitt Carl Darden Greenville 

Pitt Mrs. Peggy Taylor Greenville 

Pitt Marvin Speight, Jr Farmville 

Pitt Henry Oglesby Grifton 

Tyrrell F. J. White Columbia 

Washington Robert W. Hutchins Plymouth 

SECOND DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Caswell Louis McGee Pelham 

Edgecombe Mrs. Nina Fountain Tarboro 

Edgecombe Dr. Moses A. Ray Tarboro 

Edgecombe Clarence W. Wickham Tarboro 

Franklin Mrs. Martha Speed Louisburg 

Franklin Charles Davis Louisburg 

Granville Daniel F. Finch Oxford 

Granville Claude A. Renn Oxford 

Halifax George A. Hux Enfield 

Halifax Ernest D. Shearin Weldon 



180 North Carolina Manual 

Halifax Frank S. Pittman Scotland Neck 

Nash Charlie Winberry Rocky Mount 

Nash Mrs. Fred E. Turnage Rocky Mount 

Nash John E. Davenport Nashville 

Northampton T. G. Joyner Garysburg 

Northampton Charles Slade, Jr Rich Square 

Orange Mrs. Anne Barnes Chapel Hill 

Orange Roger Foushee Chapel Hill 

Orange Mrs. Armetta McPherson Hillsborough 

Orange Hugh Wilson Hillsborough 

Orange Miss Mae Belle McLendon Chapel Hill 

Person Mrs. Ben W. Tillett Roxboro 

Person Gordon P. Allen Roxboro 

Vance John T. Church Henderson 

Vance Robert S. Hight Henderson 

Warren Walter J. Harris Warrenton 

Wilson Douglas B. Whitley Wilson 

Wilson Louis B. Meyer Wilson 

Wilson Mrs. John Lewis Bass Wilson 

THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Bladen Rufus Britt Bladenboro 

Duplin Gerald Carr Rose Hill 

Duplin Dixon S. Hall Kenansville 

Harnett Fred M. Byerly Dunn 

Harnett Ronald Coats Coats 

Johnston Cecil Massengill Four Oaks 

Johnston J. T. Smith Clayton 

Johnston Mrs. J. Don Johnson Benson 

Lee Fletcher Harris Sanford 

Onslow H. M. Ennett, Jr Sneeds Ferry 

Onslow Roscoe Sandlin Jacksonville 

Pender Dr. John T. Dees Burgaw 

Sampson Larry Barnes Newton Grove 

Sampson Stewart B. Warren Clinton 

Wayne Phillip A. Baddour Goldsboro 

Wayne W. Dortch Langston, Sr Goldsboro 

Wayne Dr. 0. R. Stovall Goldsboro 

FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Chatham Ernest Brooks Siler City 

Chatham Hubert Oakley Chapel Hill 

Durham A. J. Howard Clement, III Durham 

Durham Dr. Lavonia Allison Durham 

Durham Wilbur Hobby Raleigh 

Durham James Keenan Durham 

Durham Mrs. Anne Kremer Durham 

Durham John H. Wheeler Durham 

Durham Larry Hinton Durham 

Randolph Pete Oldham Asheboro 

Randolph W. Clyde Lucas Asheboro 

Randolph Joseph D. Ross, Jr. Asheboro 

Wake W. G. Ransdell, Jr Raleigh 



Democratic Party 181 

Wake Mrs. Elizabeth Cofield Raleigh 

Wake Robert W. Wynne III Raleigh 

Wake Ms. Sandra Babb Raleigh 

Wake Harold Webb Raleigh 

Wake William R. Knight Raleigh 

Wake James A. Shepard Raleigh 

Wake Thomas L. Barringer Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. David Bristol Cary 

Wake Mrs. Mary Lou Ellis Holly Springs 

Wake Mrs. Bill Moore Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. Archibald Lynch Raleigh 

FIFTH DISTRICT 

Cotinty Name Address 

Alleghany Jess Gentry Sparta 

Ashe C. Frank Colvard Jefferson 

Davidson Tommy Hedrick Southmont 

Davidson B. E. Mendenhall, Jr Winston-Salem 

Davidson Eddie Smith Lexington 

Davidson Mrs. George Hundley East Thomasville 

Forsyth Wayne A. Corpening Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Kenneth R. Babb Winston-Salem 

Forsyth James Armentrout Winston-Salem 

Forsyth John K. Gallaher Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Mrs. Velma Hopkins Winston-Salem 

Forsyth William Z. Wood, Jr Winston-Salem 

Forsyth James N. Ziglar, Jr Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Miss Carol Sapp Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Mrs. Barbara Moser Lewisville 

Forsyth Mrs. Nancy Wooten Winston-Salem 

Stokes Simpson Garner King 

Stokes Mrs. B. M. Wright Germanton 

Surry Carroll F. Gardner Mt. Airy 

Surry Tom White Dobson 

Wilkes Ed Rizoti Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Harry Galifianakis N. Wilkesboro 

SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alamance Wiley Wooten Burlington 

Alamance Dr. Stephen B. Thomas Burlington 

Alamance J. Fred Bowman Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. W. Clary Holt Burlington 

Guilford Mrs. Jane Patterson Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Patricia Wingler Greensboro 

Guilford Burleigh Webb, Sr Greensboro 

Guilford David Clark Greensboro 

Guilford Russell Clark Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Arnold Nuckles Greensboro 

Guilford Jim Mebane Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Edward Washington Jamestown 

Guilford Ms. Margaret Poisson Greensboro 

Guilford Jack Caudill Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Cora Robinson Greensboro 

Guilford Frank Wyatt High Point 



182 North Carolina Manual 

Guilford Ms. Roxie Hobson Greensboro 

Guilford Ms. Minnie Feaster Greensboro 

Guilford Mr. Samuel Burford High Point 

Rockingham Hugh P. Griffin, Jr Reidsville 

Rockingham Richard Paschall Reidsville 

Rockingham J. Hoyt Stultz, Jr Eden 

SEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Brunswick Frank Kivett Long Beach 

Columbus Brooks Stanley Whiteville 

Columbus Roscoe Lennon Evergreen 

Cumberland John Beasley Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Mary Grace Hair Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Mae Rudd Williams Fayetteville 

Cumberland Mrs. Jeanette Council Fayetteville 

Cumberland Anthony E. Rand Fayetteville 

Cumberland Edgar V. Edens, III Fayetteville 

Hoke David Currie Red Springs 

New Hanover Herbert McKim Wilmington 

New Hanover Henry C. Bost Wilmington 

New Hanover Leo Shepard Wilmington 

New Hanover Garland Garrett, Jr Wilmington 

Rob:son W. D. Buffaloe Lumberton 

Robeson Mrs. Betty Williamson Lumberton 

Robsson John Willie Oxendine Lumberton 

Robeson Joy J. Johnson Fairmont 

EIGHTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Anson F. O'Neil Jones Wadesboro 

Cabarrus Frank McCray Kannapolis 

Cabarrus Mrs. Arthur Thomas Concord 

Cabarrus C. C. Griffin Concord 

Davie Dr. Ramey Kemp Mocksville 

Montgomery Russell Hollers Candor 

Moore J. E. Causey Lakeview 

Moore W. Lamont Brown Southern Pines 

Richmond Hugh Lee Rockingham 

Richmond Mrs. Miriam Taylor Hamlet 

Rowan John Erwin Ramsay Salisbury 

Rowan Herman F. Beaver Salisbury 

Rowan Fred Corriher, Jr Landis 

Rowan Ms. Pat Evans Salisbury 

Scotland Jim Ollis Laurinburg 

Stanly G. A. (Jake) Rudisill Badin 

Stanly G. T. Rabe, Jr Albemarle 

Union William D. Mclnnis Monroe 

Union Joe Ross Monroe 

Union Mrs. Carolyn Gaddy Wingate 

Yadkin Dale W. Thomasson Hamptonville 

NINTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Iredell i saac t. Avery Statesville 



Democratic Party 183 

Iredell Mrs. Frances L. Murdock Troutman 

Iredell William R. Pope Mooresville 

Lincoln David Clark Iron Station 

Lincoln Clark Parker Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg David Kelly Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Rebecca S. Taylor Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Charlie Williams, III Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Willie A. Smith Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Ms. Johnnie Purtee Charlotte 

Mecklenburg John Plumides Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Herman Moore Matthews 

Mecklenburg H. Edward Knox Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Miss Anne King Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Cloyd Goodrum, Jr Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Miss Jackie Frost Charlotte 

Mecklenburg F. M. Dawkins Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Miss Betty Chafin Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Miss Barbara Brenizer Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Linda Ashendorf Charlotte 

TENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alexander Fred Brown Stony Point 

Burke J. D. Baker Morganton 

Burke Claude Sitton .Morganton 

Burke James M. Beck Morganton 

Caldwell Ted West Lenoir 

Caldwell Harold Bolick Lenoir 

Catawba Mrs. W. H. Hall (Margaret) Hickory 

Catawba Charles J. Travis Hickory 

Catawba James O. Icenhour Hickory 

Catawba T. Dale Johnson Vale 

Cleveland Fred F. Harrell Shelby 

Cleveland Cameron Ware Kings Mountain 

Cleveland Buck Lattimore Cary 

Gaston Max L. Childers Mt. Holly 

Gaston Gloria B. Musard Gastonia 

Gaston Jerry R. Baker Stanley 

Gaston Jerry R. Crisp Dallas 

Gaston Charles W. Robinson Belmont 

Watauga Ralph Besheare Boone 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Avery Joe H. Perry Banner Elk 

Buncombe F. Piercy Carter Asheville 

Buncombe Max 0. Cogburn Asheville 

Buncombe Claude DeBruhl Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. Nona McDonnold Asheville 

Buncombe Gary D. Moffitt Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. M. R. (Francelle) Poston Asheville 

Buncombe Hugh B. Stevens Asheville 

Cherokee Jim Wood Andrews 



184 North Carolina Manual 

Clay Vernon Martin Hayesville 

Graham C. P. Sawyers Robbinsville 

Haywood Charles Beall Clyde 

Haywood Thomas Garrett Waynesville 

Henderson Harley Stepp Hendersonville 

Henderson Mrs. Ruth Semaschko Hendersonville 

Jackson Sal Nerboso CullowheG 

McDowell John M. Gilkey Marion 

Macon Dolan Bates Franklin 

Madison Zeno Ponder Marshall 

Mitchell Lewis Turbyfill Bakersville 

Polk Geoffry Tennant Tryon 

Rutherford Lee Powers Lake Lure 

Rutherford Charles D. Owens Forest City 

Swain Mrs. R. V. Jenkins Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. Molly C. Wilmot Pisgah Forest 

Yancey Harlon Holcombe Burnsville 



SENATORIAL DISTRICT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES 

1974 

FIRST DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Beaufort Frank Bonner Aurora 

Beaufort Mrs. Axson Smith Belhaven 

Bertie James Gilliam Windsor 

Bertie C. B. Griffin Lewiston 

Camden Eddie Bell Belcross 

Camden Mrs. Thalia Jones South Mills 

Chowan Mrs. B. W. Evans Rt. 1, Edenton 

Chowan John A. Mitchener, Jr Edenton 

Currituck Waldon Carter Coinjock 

Currituck W. W. Garvis Moyock 

Dare Sharon Ludwick Hatteras 

Dare John Ochs Frisco 

Gates Alton Briscoe Gates 

Gates G. P. Kittrell, Jr Corapeake 

Hertford Donald Craft 

Hertford Mrs. Harry Evans 

Hyde J. V. Berry Fairfield 

Hyde Bill Smithwick Belhaven 

Northampton Marshall Grant Rt. 1, Garysburg 

Northampton Jasper Jones Gaston 

Pasquotank Charles C. Shaw, Jr. 

Pasquotank Dr. William W. Hoffler 

Perquimans 

Perquimans 

Tyrrell 

Tyrrell 

Washington 

Washington 



Democratic Party 185 

second district 

County Name Address 

Carteret Ronald Earl Mason Beaufort 

Carteret Mather Slaughter Rt. 1, Swansboro 

Craven Mrs. Margaret Wethington Rt. 3, New Bern 

Craven Dr. Sidney Barnwell New Bern 

Pamlico Mrs. Mildred Buck Reelsboro 

Pamlico Mrs. Ros Blanche Brinson Arapahoe 

THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Onslow 

Onslow 



FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

New Hanover 

New Hanover 

Pender C. R. Dillard Willard 

Pender James T. Nelson Hampstead 

FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Duplin J. C. Page Warsaw 

Duplin C. A. Precythe Fairson 

Jones C. B. Chadwick, Jr Pollocksville 

Jones James Wynn Pollocksville 

Lenoir Thomas Salter Kinston 

Lenoir Mrs. Edith Gintis Kinston 

SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Edgecombe Frank R. Brown Tarboro 

Edgecombe Ms. Lucille Powell Rocky Mountain 

Halifax T. Carlton Quails Hollister 

Halifax Richard B. Allsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

Martin Jack Sharpe Robersonville 

Martin Noah Jones Oak City 

Pitt Thomas D. McCaskill RFD 1, Greenville 

Pitt John B. Lewis, Jr Farmville 

SEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Franklin N. E. Faulkner Rt. 2, Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. Robert Newcome, Jr Rt. 1, Spring Hope 

Nash 

Nash 

Vance Rev. L. B. Russel 

Vance E. Brooks Harris 

Warren W. L. Fuller Rt. 2, Warrenton 

Warren Sam Powell Rt. 3, Warrenton 

Wilson Frank E. Emory Wilson 

Wilson J. Norwood Whitley, Jr Rt. 2, Stantonsburg 

EIGHTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Gre ene Jimmie Lee Jones Rt. 1, Snow Hill 



186 North Carolina Manual 

Greene . Joe Edwards Rt. 1, Hookerton 

Wayne J. B. Davis Goldsboro 

Wayne William P. Kemp Goldsboro 

NINTH DISTRICT 

Comity Name Address 

Johnston Jack Austin Four Oaks 

Johnston Woodrow Atkinson Smithneld 

Sampson John N. Lockamy Rt. 1, Clinton 

Sampson Dale Johnson Clinton 

TENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cumberland 

Cumberland 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Bladen James R. Melvin Elizabethtown 

Bladen Ardell Currit RFD 1, Clarkton 

Brunswick James R. Prevatte Southport 

Brunswick Rubsin Sloan Rt. 2, Leland 

Columbus J. B. Evans Fair Bluff 

Columbus Mrs. Hubert Norris Tabor City 

TWELFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Hoke N. L. McFadyen Raeford 

Hoke Mary Lindsey Raeford 

Robeson 

Robeson 

THIRTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Durham Mrs. Chris Greene Durham 

Durham William Hancock Durham 

Granville Ed Rogers Oxford 

Granville Wills Hancock Oxford 

Person Miss Pattie Harrison Roxboro 

Person Mrs. Avie Lester Rt. 2, Roxboro 

FOURTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Harnett 

Harnett 

Lee George Jackson Broadway 

Lee Sion H. Kelly Broadway 

Wake James Stamey Raleigh 

Wake Jack Smith Rt. 7, Raleigh 

FIFTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alleghany Tarn Gambill Rt. 3, Sparta 

Alleghany Sam Halsey Sparta 

Ashe 

Ashe 



Democratic Party 187 

Caswell Crawford Hooks Rt. 1, Pelham 

Caswell Roy Blackwell Rt. 2, Elon College 

Rockingham Vernon Cardwell Madison 

Rockingham William C. Stokes Reidsville 

Stokes Clarence Carter King 

Stokes Buddy Dunlap Rt. 1, Walnut Cove 

Surry Bud Cameron Rt. 7, Mt. Airy 

Surry Franklin Miller Elkin 

SIXTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Chatham R. Edward McLaurin, Jr Rt. 3, Siler City 

Chatham T. Fleet Baldwin Siler City 

Moore Joseph Monroe Eagle Springs 

Moore Archie McLeod Carthage 

Orange James Riddle Chapel Hill 

Orange Robert Phillips Chapel Hill 

Randolph Adams W. Beck Asheboro 

Randolph Charles Casper Asheboro 

SEVENTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Anson Fred M. Mills, Jr Wadesboro 

Anson John Rennick Wadesboro 

Montgomery T. R. Tedder Candor 

Montgomery J. T. Allen Biscoe 

Richmond A. G. Maske 

Richmond Charles B. Deane, Jr. 

Scotland Charles Wentz, Sr Laurinburg 

Scotland Mrs. Anne Williams Laurinburg 

Stanly Wayne Mabry Albemarle 

Stanly Dewey Fesperman Albemarle 

Union Nancy Brantley 

Union Claude Eubanks 

EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alamance 

Alamance 



NINETEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Guilford 

Guilford 



TWENTIETH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Forsyth 

Forsyth 

TWENTY-FIRST DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Davidson Ted Royster, Jr Lexington 

Davidson Hubert Leonard Thomasville 

Davie William Ijames Mocksville 

Davie Dr. Ramey F. Kemp Mocksville 

Rowan W. F. Brinkley 

Rowan Mary Frances Leach China Grove 



188 North Carolina Manual 

twenty-second district 

County Name Address 

Cabarrus Mrs. Lloyd Morgan Concord 

Cabarrus J. Carlyle Rutledge Kannapolis 

Mecklenburg Edward Overman Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Betty Jo Hamrick Charlotte 

TWENTY-THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alexander Richard Gwaltney Taylorsville 

Alexander Leo Warren Rt. 2, Hiddenite 

Catawba Clarence Fox, Jr Conover 

Catawba Elsie Combs Hickory 

Iredell Mrs. Adrian Dobson Rt. 2, Statesville 

Iredell Johnny Miller Mooresville 

Yadkin H. B. Shore Rt. 2, E. Bend 

Yadkin Mrs. H. B. Shore Rt. 2, E. Bend 

TWENTY-FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name Addrcs3 

Avery Douglas Coffey Linville 

Avery James E. Sudderth Montezuma 

Burke Miss Barbara Wall Rt. 12, Morganton 

Burke Mrs. Peggy Stamper Morganton 

Caldwell 

Caldwell 

Mitchell Albert Canipe Spruce Pine 

Mitchell Mrs. A. N. Fuller Spruce Pine 

Wilkes George B. Collins 

Wilkes T. G. Foster 

Watauga Dan Williams Vilas 

Watauga Richard Mast Valle Crucis 

TWENTY-FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Xante Address 

Cleveland Beth Cline Holland 

Cleveland C. L. Brantley 

Gaston John M. Eaker Cherryville 

Gaston James C. Ramsey Bessemer City 

Lincoln Mr. Harry Ritchie 

Lincoln Mrs. Albin Taylor 

Rutherford Freida Callison Forest City 

Rutherford Tommy Baldwin Mooresboro 

TWENTY-SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Buncombe Bob Turner Asheville 

Buncombe Matthew Becoate Asheville 

Madison Robert L. Edwards Mars Hill 

Madison Brown Amnions Mars Hill 

McDowell Mrs. Janet Norton Old Fort 

McDowell Penn Hunter Marion 

Yancey C. Wintz Mcintosh Rt. 3, Burnsville 

Yancey Wade Holloway Rt. 4, Burnsville 



Democratic Party 189 

twenty-seventh district 

County Name Address 

Cherokee John Snow Murphy 

Cherokee John Carringer Murphy 

Clay Bobby Hogsed 

Clay Mable Kitchens 

Graham Mrs. Booth Crisp, Jr Robbinsville 

Graham Leon Cable Fontana Dam 

Haywood ...Harry Edward Waynesville 

Haywood Mike Carpenter Clyde 

Henderson Joseph Schatz Hendersonville 

Henderson Mayor B. A. Whitmire Hendersonville 

Jackson Mrs. Frances Detiz Rt. 3, Sylva 

Jackson Lloyd Leopard Glenville 

Macon Charles Browning 

Macon Dennis Sanders Rt. 7, Franklin 

Polk John Rhodes Saluda 

Polk Walden Thompson Columbus 

Swain O'Neal Muse Bryson City 

Swain Dr. Harold L. Bacon Bryson City 

Transylvania Dr. Marvins Wells Brevard 

Transylvania Mrs. Ruby Bonnell Brevard 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1974 
FIRST DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Camden T. F. Leary Belcross 

Camden Mrs. Geneva Forehand Shiloh 

Chowan Earl Jones Edenton 

Chowan John G. Wood Edenton 

Currituck Tommy Moore Moyock 

Currituck Hubert Lee Waterfield Powell's Point 

Dare Russell Ochs Buxton 

Dare Sylvia Logan Wanchese 

Pasquotank W. Leslie Thompson 

Pasquotank Mrs. Lillian Sugg 

Perquimans 

Perquimans 

Tyrrell 

Tyrrell 

Washington 

Washington 

SECOND DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Beaufort Standi Lilly, Sr Washington 

Beaufort Louis Randolph Washington 

Hyde Albert Ebron Swan Quarter 

Hyde Hubert Rhyn Ponzer 



190 North Carolina Manual 



THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Craven Mrs. Betty Gillikin Bridgeton 

Craven John Peterson New Bern 

Jones James Barbee Star Route, Maysville 

Jones Mike Mallard Rt. 2, Trenton 

Lenoir W. B. Taylor Rt. 5, Kinston 

Lenoir W. E. Davis Kinston 

Pamlico George Brinson Arapahoe 

Pamlico Paul Delamar Oriental 

FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Carteret Mrs. Irene Hamilton Sea Level 

Carteret Mrs. Arthur Mattox Broad Creek 

Onslow 

Onslow 



FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Bertie Mrs. Emma Johnson Aulander 

Bertie Carlton Gillam Windsor 

Gates J. C. Saunders Sunbury 

Gates 

Hertford Irvin Shores 

Hertford R. M. Parker 

Northampton Jasper Eley Jackson 

Northampton Felton Turner Jackson 

SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Halifax Frank S. Pittman Scotland Neck 

Halifax James R. Twisdale, Jr Rt. 2, Halifax 

Martin Clarence Biggs Williamston 

Martin J. A. Everett Palmyra 

SEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Edgecombe Lawrence Gulley RFD 2, Tarboro 

Edgecombe Rev. George Dudley Rocky Mount 

Nash 

Nash 

Wilson Mrs. Marie Jones Wilson 

Wilson Preston Harrell Saratoga 

EIGHTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Greene Herman Beaman Rt. 1, Snow Hill 

Greene Wilton Rowe Rt. 3, Snow Hill 

Pitt Mrs. Evelyn Boyette Greenville 

Pitt George W. King Ayden 

NINTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Wayne 

Wayne 



Democratic Party 191 



TENTH DISTRICT 



County Name Address 

Duplin „ 

Duplin 



ELEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Brunswick Louis Stanley Shallotte 

Brunswick A. D. McLamb Shallotte 

Pender Carroll Hamilton Atkinson 

Pender Arthur Wooten Maple Hill 

TWELFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

New Hanover 

New Hanover 

THIRTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Caswell R. Lee Farmer Yanceyville 

Caswell Elwood Clayton Rt. 1, Ruffin 

Granville Mrs. Helen Amis Rt. 3, Oxford 

Granville Claude Allen Rt. 1, Creedmoor 

Person Mrs. Madeline Eaker Rt. 2, Woodsdale 

Person Mrs. Lois Winstead Roxboro 

Vance Mrs. Beatrice Brame Henderson 

Vance George T. Dickie Henderson 

Warren Frederick Williams Rt. 3, Warrenton 

Warren Mrs. Eva Clayton Ebony 

FOURTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Franklin James D. Speed Rt. 6, Louisburg 

Franklin Mrs. Evelyn Horton Rt. 2, Zebulon 

Johnston Bobby S. Godwin Clayton 

Johnston Andy Holland Smithfield 

FIFTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Wake 

Wake 

SIXTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Durham 

Durham 



192 North Carolina Manual 

seventeenth district 

County Name Address 

Chatham Mrs. Isabelle Sirls Rt. 2, Bear Creek 

Chatham John Snipes Siler City 

Orange Gerry Cohen Chapel Hill 

Orange George Spransy Chapel Hill 

EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Harnett 

Harnett 

Lee Johnny Miller Rt. 9, Sanford 

Lee H. C. Moretz Rt. 8, Sanford 

NINETEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Bladen Billie R. Fisher Bladenboro 

Bladen Braxton Edge RFD 5, Fayetteville 

Columbus D. Frank McGougan Tabor City 

Columbus Taft Turbeville Clarendon 

Sampson Albert Herring Newton Grove 

Sampson Billy Ray Satterfield Rt. 1, Clinton 

TWENTIETH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cumberland 

Cumberland 

TWENTY-FIRST DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Hoke W. T. McAllister Rt. 1, Raeford 

Hoke Wyatt Upchurch Raeford 

Robeson 

Robeson 

Scotland Willie C. Thomas Laurinburg 

Scotland Charlotte Gibson Laurinburg 

TWENTY-SECOND DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alamance Eldridge Love Rt. 3, Mebane 

Alamance Ms. Lizzie Terry Burlington 

Rockingham A. D. Folger, Jr Madison 

Rockingham Robert McAllister RFD 1, Ruffin 

TWENTY-THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Guilford 

Guilford 



Democratic Party 193 

twenty-fourth district 

County Name Address 

Randolph Dare Oldham Asheboro 

Randolph T. R. Hendrix 

TWENTY-FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Moore 

Moore 

TWENTY-SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Anson Eddie Lee Rt. 2, Polkton 

Anson H. Hampton Martin Wadesboro 

Montgomery J. Paul Wallace Troy 

Montgomery H. Page McAulay Candor 

TWENTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Richmond 

Richmond 

TWENTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alleghany P. C. Collins Laurel Springs 

Alleghany Floyd Reeves Rt. 2, Sparta 

Ashe 

Ashe 

Stokes Kodell Shelton Westfield 

Stokes Aaron Tilley Danbury 

Surry Mrs. Julia Holthouser Elkin 

Surry Mrs. Doris Fawcett Mt. Airy 

Watauga Mrs. Julia Holthouser Elkin 

Watauga Mrs. Doris Fawcett Mt. Airy 

TWENTY-NINTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Forsyth 

Forsyth 

THIRTIETH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Davidson George Hundley Thomasville 

Davidson Wayne Shoaf RFD 5, Lexington 

Davie William Ijames Mocksville 

Davie Dr. Ramey F. Kemp Mocksville 



194 North Carolina Manual 

thirty-first district 

County Name Address 

Rowan 

Rowan 

THIRTY-SECOND DISTRICT 

County Name Addrest 

Stanly 

Stanly 

THIRTY-THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cabarrus Broadus Jones Concord 

Cabarrus Brice J. Willeford, Jr Kannapolis 

Union E. L. Belton 

Union Joe McCollum 

THIRTY-FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Caldwell 

Caldwell 

Wilkes Rex Mathis 

Wilkes Mrs. Gale McNeil 

Yadkin Harold Brown Yadkinville 

Yadkin Wiley Shore Rt. 1, Yadkinville 

THIRTY-FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alexander Luther Dyson Taylorsville 

Alexander Gary Rector Stoney Point 

Iredell Robert N. Randall Mooresville 

Iredell Mrs. Chester Middlesworth Statesville 

THIRTY-SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Mecklenburg 

Mecklenburg 

THIRTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Catawba A. D. Sawyer Hickory 

Catawba Elsie Combs Hickory 

THIRTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Gaston Helen R. Marvin Gaston 



Democratic Party 195 

Gaston Gene Carson Gastonia 

Lincoln Jerry McMurray 

Lincoln Mrs. Betty Gamble 

THIRTY-NINTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Avery Douglas Coffey Linville 

Avery George W. Nesbitt Elk Park 

Burke Gordon Boger Rt. 1, Morganton 

Burke James Warlick Rt. 7, Morganton 

Mitchell B. M. Slagle Rt. 1, Bakersville 

Mitchell Mrs. Emma Fortner Rt. 3, Bakersville 

FORTIETH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cleveland J. B. Brackett 

Cleveland Mrs. Elva Gheen 

Polk Shorty McDonald Tryon 

Polk Joe Miller Rt. 2, Mill Spring 

Rutherford Betram Flack Rutherfordton 

Rutherford Spaniel Nero Rutherfordton 

FORTY-FIRST DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

McDowell Roy Burgin Old Fort 

McDowell Mrs. Ruth Lackey Lambeth Marion 

Yancey 

Yancey 

FORTY-SECOND DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Henderson 

Henderson 

FORTY-THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Buncombe Harold DeBruhl Asheville 

Buncombe Bobby Robinson Asheville 

Transylvania F. L. McCall Pisgah Forest 

Transylvania Otto Alexander Brevard 

FORTY-FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name*- Address 

Haywood Alvin McKinnish Clyde 

Haywood Stan Henry Waynesville 

Jackson Rev. Riley Covin Sylva 

Jackson Dr. Cecil Brooks Cullowhee 

Madison Jack Payne Rt. 5, Marshall 



196 North Carolina Manual 

Madison Lorado T. Ponder Rt. 1, Marshall 

Swain Gene Weeks Bryson City 

Swain Avery Bowers, Jr Rt. 2, Bryson City 

FORTY-FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cherokee Ed Brumby Murphy 

Cherokee John Boring Andrews 

Clay R. L. McGlamery 

Clay Allen Ledford 

Graham Herve Coby Robbinsville 

Graham Walt Jenkins Rt. 2, Robbinsville 

Macon Odis Welch Franklin 

Macon Bob Sloan Franklin 

JUDICIAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

1974 

FIRST DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Camden Mrs. Evelyn Upton Camden 

Camden Mr. James Whitehurst South Mills 

Chowan D. F. Walker Edenton 

Chowan W. J. P. Earnhardt, Jr Edenton 

Currituck William Brumsey Currituck 

Currituck Wilton Walker Currituck 

Dare Frank Cahoon Manteo 

Dare Margaret Davis Kitty Hawk 

Gates Isaac A. Battle Gatesville 

Gates Roger Boone Gatesville 

Pasquotank N. Elton Aydlett Elizabeth City 

Pasquotank W. H. Jones, Jr. 

Perquimans 

Perquimans 

SECOND DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Beaufort L. H. Ross Washington 

Beaufort Ashley B. Futrell Washington 

Hyde Mrs. Joe Simmon Fairfield 

Hyde William Cockran Swan Quarter 

Martin Edgar J. Gurganus Williamston 

Martin Mrs. Eugene Rogers Williamston 

Tyrrell 

Tyrrell 

Washington 

Washington 

THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Carteret Mr. Bill Barker Wildwood 



Democratic Party 197 

Carteret Mr. Harvey Hamilton Morehead City 

Craven Dan Martin New Bern 

Craven Hunt Baxter New Bern 

Pamlico Tom Spencer Bayboro 

Pamlico J. W. Bond Oriental 

Pitt A. Louis Singleton Greenville 

Pitt Charles J. Cain Greenville 

FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Duplin W. E. Craft Kenansville 

Duplin Graham A. Phillips, Jr Wallace 

Jones B. L. Parker Trenton 

Jones Hoyle Miller Trenton 

Onslow 

Onslow 

Sampson Jeff D. Johnson, III Clinton 

Sampson Mrs. Ellen Tart Clinton 

FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

New Hanover 

New Hanover 

Pender Bennie Frank Williams Currie 

Pender James B. Hayes Rocky Mount 

SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Bertie John R. Jenkins, Jr Aulander 

Bertie Jack Williford Windsor 

Halifax 

Halifax 

Hertford Thomas L. Jones 

Hertford Robert Jenkins 

Northampton Bruce Johnson Conway 

Northampton James C. Boone Rt. 1, Rich Square 

SEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Edgecombe W. 0. Warner Rocky Mount 

Edgecombe M. L. Cromartie Tarboro 

Nash 

Nash 

Wilson L. H. Gibbons Wilson 

Wilson Vincent B. Thomas Wilson 

EIGHTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Greene LeRoy Whitfield Hookerton 



198 North Carolina Manual 

Greene Mrs. Martha D. Taylor Snow Hill 

Lenoir Mrs. Eddie Kornegay Kinston 

Lenoir Mr. Edwin L. Williams, Jr Rt. 3, Kinston 

Wayne C. Branson Vickory Mt. Olive 

Wayne . John H. Kerr, III Goldsboro 

NINTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Franklin Mr. Gene Mullen Bunn 

Franklin Mr. James Smith Rt. 3, Louisburg 

Granville C. W. Allen, Jr Oxford 

Granville Sam Currin, III Oxford 

Person Mrs. Lenzie Blackwell Roxboro 

Person James Ramsey Roxboro 

Vance D. L. Minis 

Vance Miss Esther Bullock 

Warren Julius Banzet, III Warrenton 

Warren James Groom Manson 

TENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Wake 

Wake 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Harnett 

Harnett 

Johnston E. Craig Jones Selma 

Johnston James C. Woodard Selma 

Lee Dick Hoyle Sanford 

Lee J. C. Pittman Rt. 9, Sanford 

TWELFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cumberland Derb S. Carter Fayetteville 

Cumberland ..Arthur L. Lane Fayetteville 

Hoke Joe Dupree Raeford 

Hoke R. Palmer Willcox Raeford 

THIRTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Nam,- Address 

Bladen Carl C. Campbell Elizabethtown 

Bladen G. W. Howard RFD, Garland 

Brunswick A. E. Fullford Supply 

Brunswick James M. Harper, Jr Southport 

Columbus Clemmons Jacobs Riegelwood 

Columbus Ross M. Williams Tabor City 



Democratic Party 199 

fourteenth district 

County Name Address 

Durham 

Durham 



FIFTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alamance Jack Spencer Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. Doe Weston Burlington 

Chatham Gordon W. Herring Siler City 

Chatham Rev. C. W. Samuels Moncure 

Orange Elizabeth Petersen Chapel Hill 

Orange Barry Winston Chapel Hill 

SIXTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Robeson 

Robeson 

Scotland James W. Mason Laurinburg 

Scotland Jennings G. King Laurinburg 

SEVENTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Caswell Phil Allen Rt. 1, Prospect Hill 

Caswell C. L. Pemberton Yanceyville 

Rockingham Allen H. Gwyn, Jr Redisville 

Rockingham S. J. Webster, Jr Madison 

Stokes Franklin Sams Pinnacle 

Stokes William Marshall, Jr Walnut Cove 

Surry Frank Comer Dobson 

Surry Hugh Merritt Mt. Airy 

EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Guilford 

Guilford 

NINETEENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cabarrus Ronnie A. Pruett Concord 

Cabarrus Mrs. James Moser Kannapolis 

Montgomery Charles H. Dorsett Mt. Gilead 

Montgomery Charles M. Johnson Biscoe 

Randolph Don Miller High Point 

Randolph Archie Smith Asheboro 

Rowan Catherine Carr Cleveland 

Rowan Glenn Ketner, Jr Salisbury 



200 North Carolina Manual 

twentieth district 

County Name Addres* 

Anson Henry T. Drake Wadesboro 

Anson A. Paul Kitchin Wadesboro 

Moore E. D. Brogden Southern Pines 

Moore M. G. Boyette, Sr Carthage 

Richmond John T. Page, Jr. 

Richmond Norman Gibson 

Stanly Charles Brown Albemarle 

Stanly Vann Smith Albemarle 

Union Mrs. Jimmy Stegall Marshville 

Union Olin Niven Waxhaw 

TWENTY-FIRST DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Forsyth 

Forsyth 

TWENTY-SECOND DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alexander Johnny Lackey Taylorsville 

Alexander S. W. Bennett Taylorsville 

Davidson Mrs. Phyllis Penry Lexington 

Davidson Jim E. Lambeth, Jr Thomasville 

Davie William Ijames Mocksville 

Davie Dr. Ramey F. Kemp Mocksville 

Iredell John R. McLaughlin Statesville 

Iredell Mrs. Marsha Cornelius Mooresville 

TWENTY-THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alleghany Glenn Busic Sparta 

Alleghany Woodrow Estep Sparta 

Ashe 

Ashe 

Wilkes John Willardson 

Wilkes E. James Moore 

Yadkin Wade M. Hobson East Bend 

Yadkin Richard N. Randleman Yadkinville 

TWENTY-FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Avery .Mrs. O. L. Stroupe Crossnore 

Avery 0. L. Stroupe Crossnore 

Madison Jackie Ball Rt. 5, Marshall 

Madison Olive Whitt Marshall 

Mitchell Richard Dobbins Spruce Pine 

Mitchell Mrs. Zona Peterson Rt. 1, Relief 

Watauga John Terrell Rt. 1, Boone 

Watauga Lavola Carender Rt. 2, Banner Elk 



Democratic Party 201 

Yancey Mark Bennett, Jr Burnsville 

Yancey I. C. Clevenger Burnsville 

TWENTY-FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Burke Gary Triggs Morganton 

Burke Ted Largent Morganton 

Caldwell 

Caldwell 

Catawba Donald Greene Hickory 

Catawba Jeff Mackie Rt. 8, Hickory 

TWENTY-SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Stan Brennan Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. John C. Brown Charlotte 

TWENTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cleveland Reverend M. L. Campbell 

Cleveland Robert Yelton 

Gaston Ben Lamm Gastonia 

Gaston P. W. Bailey Belmont 

Lincoln Hamp Childs, Jr. 

Lincoln Arnold Tarr 

TWENTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Buncombe 

Buncombe 

TWENTY-NINTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Henderson Robert Deutsch Hendersonville 

Henderson Edmund Walker Hendersonville 

McDowell June J. Crouch Nebo 

McDowell Robert Jarrett, Jr Marion 

Polk William H. Miller Tryon 

Polk Thurston Arledge Tryon 

Rutherford Hollis Owens, Jr Rutherfordton 

Rutherford Hugh McBrayer Rt. 1, Forest City 

Transylvania Jack Hudson Brevard 

Transylvania Gayle Ramsey Brevard 

THIRTIETH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Cherokee W. T. Brown Murphy 

Cherokee George Postell Rt. 2, Murphy 



202 North Carolina Manual 

Clay Norman McCray 

Clay Lucille Curtis 

Graham Ray Carver Tapoco 

Graham Ray Phillips Robbinsville 

Haywood Ted Wells Canton 

Haywood Robert Hyatt Rt. 1, Waynesville 

Jackson R. Phillips Haire Sylva 

Jackson Grady Leopard Glenville 

Macon Charles Nichols Franklin 

Macon Ligon Cresswell Highlands 

Swain George Davis Bryson City 

Swain Stedman Hinds Bryson City 

N. C. STATE DEMOCRATIC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 
COUNTY CHAIRMEN — 1974 

County Name Address 

Alamance Wiley P. Wooten Burlington 

Alexander Glenn Watts Taylorsville 

Alleghany George Finney Sparta 

Anson F. O'Neil Jones Wadesboro 

Ashe Bernard Goss West Jefferson 

Avery Joe H. Perry Banner Elk 

Beaufort W. M. Hodges Washington 

Bertie W. L. Cooke Windsor 

Bladen David K. Clark Elizabethtown 

Brunswick Mrs. Naomi Henry Winnabow 

Buncombe Hugh B. Stevens Asheville 

Burke J. D. Baker Morganton 

Cabarrus Frank McCray Kannapolis 

Caldwell Ted West Lenoir 

Camden George W. Johnson South Mills 

Carteret Edward S. Dixon Morehead City 

Caswell Louis McGee Rt. 1, Pelham 

Catawba Charles J. Travis Hickory 

Chatham Ernest Brooks Siler City 

Cherokee L. L. Mason, Jr Murphy 

Chowan George Byrum Edenton 

Clay Aaron Martin Hayesville 

Cleveland Fred F. Harrell Shelby 

Columbus Brooks Stanley Whiteville 

Craven Jimmie L. Morris Vanceboro 

Cumberland John P. Beasley Fayetteville 

Currituck John Wright, Jr Jarvisburg 

Dare Charles Fearing Manteo 

Davidson Jim Mock Lexington 

Davie Dr. Ramey Kemp Mocksville 

Duplin Gerald Carr Rose Hill 

Durham A. J. H. Clement, III Durham 

Edgecombe Mrs. Nina Fountain Rt. 2, Tarboro 

Forsyth Wayne Corpening Winston-Salem 

Franklin Mrs. Martha Speed Rt. 3, Louisburg 

Gaston Max L. Childers Mt. Holly 

Gates Curtis Powell Corapeake 



Democratic Party 203 

County Name Address 

Graham Gary Steppe Robbinsville 

Granville Daniel F. Finch Oxford 

Greene Mrs. Seroba A. Aiken Snow Hill 

Guilford Mrs. Jane Patterson Greensboro 

Halifax George A. Hux Enfield 

Harnett Ronald Coats Coats 

Haywood Charles Beall Rt. 2, Clyde 

Henderson W. Harley Stepp Hendersonville 

Hertford R. G. Whitley Como 

Hoke Sam C. Morris Raeford 

Hyde Roger Spencer „ Swanquarter 

Iredell Isaac T. Avery Statesville 

Jackson Paul E. Cowan, Jr Sylva 

Johnston Mrs. J. Don Johnson Rt. 2, Benson 

Jones Robert Mattocks Maysville 

Lee Ralph Monger, Jr Sanford 

Lenoir Thomas H. Morris Kinston 

Lincoln Clark Parker Lincolnton 

Macon Rolan Bates Franklin 

Madison Zeno Ponder Marshall 

Martin A. B. Ayers, Jr Rt. 4, Williamston 

McDowell Ernest J. House, Jr Marion 

Mecklenburg Harvey Diamond Charlotte 

Mitchell Rex 0. Wilson Spruce Pine 

Montgomery Benton T. Haithcock Mt. Gilead 

Moore J. E. Causey Lakeview 

Nash Charlie Winberry Rocky Mount 

New Hanover Herbert McKim Wilmington 

Northampton T. G. Joyner Garysburg 

Onslow H. M. Ennett, Jr Sneeds Ferry 

Orange Mrs. Ann Barnes Chapel Hill 

Pamlico Sutton Venters Stonewall 

Pasquotank Herbert Mullen Elizabeth City 

Pender Dr. John T. Dees Burgaw 

Perquimans Joe Newell Rt. 1, Belvidere 

Person Mrs. Ben W. Tillett Roxboro 

Pitt Henry Oglesby „ Grifton 

Polk David Preston Tryon 

Randolph Pete Oldham Asheboro 

Richmond Hugh Lee Rockingham 

Robeson W. D. Buffaloe Lumberton 

Rockingham Hugh P. Griffin, Jr Reidsville 

Rowan John Erwin Ramsay Salisbury 

Rutherford Charles D. Owens Forest City 

Sampson Larry Barnes Rt. 2, Newton Grove 

Scotland Jim Ollis Laurinburg 

Stanly G. A. Rudisill Badin 

Stokes Simpson Garner King 

Surry Carroll Gardner Dobson 

Swain R. V. Jennings Bryson City 

Transylvania Mrs. Molly C. Wilmot Pisgah Forest 

Tyrrell George G. Owens Columbia 

Union William D. Mclnnis Monroe 

Vance John T. Church Henderson 



204 North Carolina Manual 



Wake W. G. Ransdell Raleigh 

Warren William E. Terry Warrenton 

Washington Robert W. Hutchins Plymouth 

Watauga John West Rt. 1, Sugar Grove 

Wayne Phillip Baddour, Jr Goldsboro 

Wilkes Ed Rizoti Rt. 2, Wilkesboro 

Wilson 

Yadkin Dale W. Thomasson Hamptonville 

Yancey Clyde Mcintosh Rt. 1, Burnsville 



Republican Party 205 

Chapter Three 

THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN PARTY PLATFORM 

1974 

[This office has been advised by personnel in the North Carolina Republican 
Party headquarters in Raleigh that no party platform was adopted at its 1974 
State Convention due to the time consumed with the election of their state chair- 
man.] 



Republican Party 207 

PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY 

OF NORTH CAROLINA 

(STATE REPUBLICAN CONSTITUTION) 

PREAMBLE 

We, the members of the Republican Party of North Carolina, dedicated to 
the sound principles fostered by that Party, conscious of our civic responsibilities 
and rights, firm in our determination to give our strength to preserving the 
American principle that government ought and must be of all the people, by all 
the people, and for all the people do, for the purpose of uniting and co-ordinating 
our efforts for maximum power and efficiency, herewith establish this instrument, 
The Plan of Organization of the Republican Party of North Carolina. 

ARTICLE I 

MEMBERSHIP 

Members 

All citizens of North Carolina who are registered Republicans are members 
of the Republican Party of North Carolina and shall have the right to participate 
in the official affairs of the Republican Party in accordance with these rules. All 
reference herein to delegates, alternates, officers, and members shall, in all cases, 
mean persons identified and registered with the Republican Party in the precinct 
of their residence. 

ARTICLE II 
PRECINCT MEETINGS 

I. Biennial Precinct Meetings 

A. In every odd-numbered year, the County Chairman shall call precinct 
meetings within the dates designated by the State Central Committee, 
after giving ten (10) days' written notice of the timee and place of hold- 
ing same to each Precinct Chairman, and after giving one week's notice 
of such meeting in a newspaper of general circulation within the County. 
Failure of the County Chairman to act in compliance with the provision 
above shall be cause for any registered Republican within the precinct to 
call said precinct meeting by notice in a newspaper of general circulation 
within the County. Every Republican registered within the precinct, in 
attendance, shall be entitled to cast one vote. 

B. Biennial precinct meetings shall elect a Precinct Committee of five or 
more voters, one of whom shall be elected as Chairman and one as Vice 
Chairman (of the opposite sex), and one as Secretary. Members of the 
Precinct Committee shall hold their places for two years or until their 
successors are chosen. Precinct meetings shall elect one delegate and one 
alternate to the County Convention, plus one additional delegate and 



208 North Carolina Manual 

alternate for every fifty (50) votes, or major fraction thereof, cast for 
the Republican candidate for Governor in the last General Election. 

C. The Chairman and Secretary of each Precinct shall certify election of 
officers, committee members, and delegates and alternates to the County 
Convention, on forms stipulated by the State Central Committee and 
furnished by the County Chairman. Complete Credentials shall be in the 
hands of the County Secretary by the deadline set by the County Chair- 
man. 

II. Presidential Election Year Precinct Meetings 

A. In each precinct in every Presidential Election year, the County Chair- 
man shall call precinct meetings within the dates designated by the State 
Central Committee after giving ten (10) days' written notice of the time 
and place of holding same to each Precinct Chairman, and after giving 
one week's notice of such meeting in a newspaper of general circulation 
within the County. Failure of the County Chairman to act in compliance 
with this provision shall be cause for any registered Republican within 
the precinct to call said precinct meeting by notice in a newspaper of 
general circulation within the County. Every Republican registered 
within the precinct, in attendance, shall be entitled to cast one vote. 

B. Presidential Election Year Precinct Meetings shall elect one delegate 
and one alternate to the Presidential Election Year County Convention, 
plus one additional delegate and alternate for every fifty (50) votes, or 
major fraction thereof, cast for the Republican Candidate for Governor 
in the last General Election. No organizational changes shall take place 
except as provided in this section. 

C. The Chairman and Secretary of each precinct shall certify election of 
delegates and alternates to the Presidential Election Year County Con- 
vention, on forms stipulated by the State Central Committee and furnish- 
ed by the County Chairman. Complete credentials shall be in the hands 
of the County Secretary by the deadline set by the County Chairman. 

III. Other Precinct Meetings 

A. Other meetings of the Precinct general membership may be held at such 
time as shall be designated by the Chairman of the Precinct Committee 
after giving five (5) days' notice of such meeting; or upon similar call 
of one-third of the members of the Precinct Committee, or ten (10) 
members of the general precinct membership. There shall be no proxy 
voting. 

B. In the event a Precinct fails to properly organize or the Precinct Chair- 
man fails to act, the County Executive Committee shall direct the County 
Chairman to appoint a Temporary Precinct Chairman to serve until a 
general membership meeting can be called and a new Chairman elected. 
The County Chairman shall call such a meeting within thirty (30) days 
after appointment of the Temporary Chairman. 



Republican Party 209 

ARTICLE III 
PRECINCT COMMITTEE 

I. Duties of Committee 

The Precinct Committee shall cooperate with the County Executive Commit- 
tee in all elections and Party activities; provide the County Chairman with a 
list of Party members within the precinct suitable for appointment as regis- 
trar, election judge, markers, counters, and watchers at the polls; and promote 
the objectives of the Party within the Precinct. 

II. Duties of Officers 

The Chairman of the Precinct Committee, with the advice and consent of the 
Precinct Committee, shall have general supervision of the affairs of the Party 
within his precinct, shall preside at all meetings of the precinct, and shall 
perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the Precinct Committee 
or the County Executive Committee. The Vice Chairman shall function as 
Chairman in the absence of the Chairman. The Secretary shall keep all min- 
utes and records, and shall maintain a list of registered Republican voters and 
workers within the Precinct. 

III. Meetings 

Meetings of the Precinct Committee may be held at such times as shall be 
designated by the Chairman of the Precinct Committee after giving five (5) 
days' notice of such meetings; or upon similar call of one-third of the mem- 
bers of the Precinct Committee. There shall be no proxy voting. 

IV. Vacancies and Removals 

A. In case of death, resignation, discontinuance of residency within the pre- 
cinct, removal of any officers or members of the Precinct Committee, or 
other vacancy, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the remaining mem- 
bers of the Precinct Committee. 

B. Any member of the Precinct Committee may be removed by a two-third 
vote of the Precinct Committee after being furnished with notice of the 
charges against him, signed by not less than one-third of the members of 
the Committee and allowing him twenty (20) days to appear and defend 
himself; provided further that said cause for removal shall be confined 
to gross inefficiency, Party disloyalty, or failure to comply with the 
County or State Party Plans of Organization. Such removal may be ap- 
pealed to the County Executive Committee, within twenty (20) days, and 
their decision shall be final. 

ARTICLE IV 
COUNTY CONVENTION 

I. Biennial Conventions 

A. A County Convention shall be called in every odd-numbered year, by the 



210 North Carolina Manual 



Chairman of the County Executive Committee, at the County seat, within 
the dates set by the State Central Committee, after giving fifteen (15) 
days' notice thereof to all Precinct Chairmen and County Executive Com- 
mittee members, and after giving fifteen (15) days' notice of such Con- 
vention in a newspaper of general circulation within the County. The 
delegates and alternates elected at the biennial precinct meetings, unless 
successfully challenged, shall sit as delegates and alternates at the County 
Convention. 

B. Convention Action 

1. Plan of Organization 

The County Convention shall adopt a County Plan of Organization 
not inconsistent with this State Plan of Organization, a current copy 
of which shall be on file at County Headquarters and at State Head- 
quarters. 

2. Elections 

a. The County Convention shall elect a Chairman and Vice Chairman 
(of the opposite sex), a Secretary, a Treasurer, and such other 
officers as may be deemed necessary, who shall serve for a term 
of two years or until their successors are elected. 

b. Elect a County Executive Committee of five (5) or more voters, 
in addition to the County officers, who shall hold their places for 
a term of two years or until their successors are elected. Nomina- 
tions may be made by the biennial precinct meetings for member- 
ship on the County Executive Committee. 

c. In accordance with the County Plan of Organization, elect one 
delegate and one alternate to the Congressional District and State 
Conventions, plus one additional delegate and alternate for every 
200 votes, or major fraction thereof, cast for the Republican can- 
didate for Governor in the last General Election in said County. 
Each County shall further elect one delegate and alternate for 
each Republican elected to the State Legislature and to public 
office on the state or national level from said County in preceding 
election. 

C. Credentials 

The Chairman and Secretary of the County Executive Committee shall 
certify the election of officers, committee members, delegates and alter- 
nates to the District and State Conventions, on forms furnished by the 
State Central Committee. Completed Credentials shall be in the hands 
of the Congressional District Secretary and the State Headquarters by 
the deadline set by the State Chairman. Credentials received shall be con- 
sidered official for mailing purposes only. 



Republican Party 211 

II. Presidential Election Year County Convention 

A. A County Convention shall be called in every Presidential Election year 
by the Chairman of the County Executive Committee, at the County seat, 
within the dates set by the State General Committee, after giving fifteen 
(15) days' notice thereof to all precinct chairmen and County Executive 
Committee members, and after giving fifteen (15) days' notice of such 
Convention in a newspaper of general circulation within the County. 
The delegates and alternates elected at the Presidential Election Year 
Precinct Meetings, unless successfully challenged, shall sit as delegates 
and alternates in the County Convention. 

B. The Presidential Election Year County Convention shall elect one dele- 
gate and one alternate to the Congressional District and State Conven- 
tions, plus one additional delegate and alternate for every 200 votes, or 
major fraction thereof, cast for the Republican candidate for Governor 
in the last General Election in said County. Each County shall further 
elect one delegate and one alternate for each Republican elected to the 
State Legislature and to public office on the state or national level from 
said County in the preceding election. No organizational changes shall 
take place except as provided in this section. 

C. The Chairman and Secretary of the County Executive Committee shall 
certify election of delegates and alternates to the Presidential Election 
Year District and State Convention, on forms furnished by the State 
Central Committee. Completed Credentials shall be in the hands of the 
Congressional District Secretary and the State Headquarters by the 
deadline set by the State Chairman. Credentials received shall be con- 
sidered official for mailing purposes only. 

ARTICLE V 
COUNTY EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

I. Membership 

The County Executive Committee shall consist of the County Officers and 
other persons elected by the County Convention (in accordance with ARTICLE 
IV, and the County Finance Chairman). 

II. Powers and Duties 

The County Executive Committee shall cooperate with the District and State 
Committees in all elections and Party activities; shall encourage qualified 
candidates to office within the County ; adopt a budget ; and shall have active 
management of Party affairs within the County. It shall appoint a Finance 
Chairman and a Finance Committee of not less than three members, an Audit- 
ing Committee of not less than three members, and may appoint such other 
Committees as may be deemed necessary. The County Chairman shall be an 
ex-officio member of all committees indicated in this paragraph. Prior to the 
Biennial State Convention, the County Executive Committee shall elect one 



212 North Carolina Manual 

man and one woman to each of the Judicial, Solicitorial, Senatorial, and Legis- 
lative District Committees (where applicable). Notification of election shall 
be made to the Chairman of the County within the respective District having 
the largest population. 

III. Meetings 

The County Executive Committee shall meet at least twice a year upon call 
of the County Chairman after giving ten (10) days' notice to all members; 
or upon similar call of one-third of the members of the Committee. One-third 
of the members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. 
There shall be no proxy voting. 

V. Duties of Officers 

The Chairman of the County Executive Committee, with the advice and con- 
consent of the County Executive Committee, shall have general supervision of 
the affairs of the Party within his County. He shall issue the call for Biennial 
Precinct Meetings and Presidential Election Year Precinct Meetings, the 
County Convention, the Presidential Election Year County Convention, and 
Executive Committee meetings, and shall preside at all the meetings of the 
County Executive Committee. He shall make quarterly reports on the status 
of the Party within his County to the District Chairman, on forms furnished 
by the State Central Committee. He shall be responsible for the creation and 
maintenance of a Republican organization in every precinct within his County. 
He shall obtain and preserve a list of all registered Republicans within the 
County and shall perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the 
County, District or State Committee. 

The Vice Chairman shall function as Chairman in the absence of the Chair- 
man and shall have such other duties as may be prescribed by the County 
Executive Committee. 

The Secretary shall keep all minutes and records and shall maintain a roster 
of all precinct officers and Executive Committee Members. Such record shall 
be available, upon request to any registered Republican within the County. 
The Secretary shall furnish to the Congressional District Chairman and to 
State Headquarters up-to-date lists of all Precinct Chairmen. The Treasurer 
shall receive and disburse all funds for Party expenditures pursuant to au- 
thority duly given by the County Executive Committee and will make a 
financial report to all County Executive Committee meetings. 

V. Vacancies and Removals 

A. In case of death, resignation, discontinuance of residency within the 
County, removal of any officer or member of the County Executive Com- 
mittee, or other vacancy, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the 
County Executive Committee. 

B. Any officer or member of the County Executive Committee may be re- 
moved by a two-thirds vote of the Committee after being furnished with 
notice of the charges against him, signed by not less than one-third of the 



Republican Party 213 

members of the Committee and allowing him thirty (30) days to appear 
and defend himself; provided further that said cause for removal shall 
be confined to gross inefficiency, Party disloyalty, or failure to act in 
compliance with the County or State Plans of Organization. Such re- 
moval may be appealed, within twenty (20) days to the Congressional 
District Chairman and members of the State Executive Committee with- 
in the District, and their decision shall be final. 

ARTICLE VI 
COUNTY FINANCE AND AUDITING COMMITTEES 

I. Finance Committee 

The County Finance Committee shall be composed of the County Finance 
Chairman, the County Chairman, the County Treasurer, and not less than 
three persons appointed by the County Executive Committee. They shall co- 
operate with the Congressional District and State Finance Committees and 
shall have active management of fund-raising efforts within the County. 
II. Auditing Committee 

The Auditing Committee shall conduct a yearly audit of the financial records 
of the County and report such audit to the County Executive Committee for 
approval. 

ARTICLE VII 

JUDICIAL, SENATORIAL, AND LEGISLATIVE 
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES 

I. Membership 

A. In one-County District, the County Executive Committee shall serve as 
the District Committee. 

B. In those Districts encompassing more than one county, membership shall 
consist of those persons elected under ARTICLE V (II) of this Plan, 
plus all members of the State Executive Committee within the District. 

II. Election of Officers 

At some time preceding the State Convention, the District Committees shall 
meet at a time and place designated by a member of the Committee stipulated 
by the County Chairman from that County within the District having the 
largest population and shall elect, from among their membership, a Chair- 
man and such other officers as may be deemed necessary. The officers shall 
have such duties as may be prescribed by the State Executive Committee. The 
Chairman shall report to the State Chairman names of elected officers. 

III. Powers and Duties of Committees 

A. The Judicial District Committee shall encourage qualified candidates for 
Solicitor, District Judge, and Superior Court Judge and shall assist and 



214 North Carolina Manual 

cooperate with the County and State Executive Committees in all cam- 
paigns. 

B. The Senatorial District Committee shall encourage qualified candidates 
for State Senator and shall assist and cooperate with the County and 
State Executive Committee in all campaigns. 

C. The Legislative District Committee shall encourage qualified candidates 
for the State House of Representatives and shall assist and cooperate 
with the County and State Executive Committees in all campaigns. 

D. Committees herein elected shall serve as the appropriate District Execu- 
tive Committee as they are referred to in North Carolina G.S. 163-114. 

ARTICLE VIII 
CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT CONVENTIONS 

/. Biennial Convention 

A. A Congressional District Convention shall be called in every odd-num- 
bered year by the Chairman of the Congressional District Committee, 
within the dates designated by the State Central Committee, upon twenty 
(20) days' written notice of the time and place for holding same to all 
members of the District Committee and to the County Chairmen within 
said District. The delegates and alternates elected in the County Con- 
ventions, unless successfully challenged, shall sit as delegates and al- 
ternates in the Congressional District Convention. 

B. Convention Action 

1. The Congressional District Convention shall adopt a District Plan of 
Organization, a current copy of which shall be on file at State Head- 
quarters. 

2. The Congressional District Convention shall elect a Chairman and a 
Vice-Chairman (of the opposite sex), a Secretary, a Treasurer, and 
such other officers as may be deemed necessary, who shall serve for a 

term of two years or until their successors are elected. 

3. The Congressional District Convention shall further elect one mem- 
ber of the State Executive Committee, plus one additional member for 
every 6,000 votes or major fraction thereof cast within the District 
for the Republican candidate for Governor in the preceding General 
Election. 

C. Credentials 

The Chairman and Secretary of the Congressional District shall certify 
election of officers, State Executive Committee members, delegates and 
alternates on forms furnished by the State Central Committee. Completed 
District Credentials, plus completed Credentials for the Counties with- 
in the District, shall be in the hands of the State Credentials Committee 



Republican Party 215 

Chairman by the deadline set by the State Chairman. Credentials re- 
ceived shall be considered official for mailing purposes only. 

II. Presidential Election Year Congressional District Convention 

A. A Presidential Election Year Congressional District Convention shall 
be called in every Presidential Election Year by the Chairman of the 
Congressional District Committee, within the dates designated by the 
State Central Committee, upon twenty (20) days' written notice of the 
time and place for holding same to all members of the District Commit- 
tee and to the County Chairmen within said District. The delegates and 
alternates elected in the Presidential Election Year County Conventions, 
unless successfully challenged, shall sit as delegates and alternates in 
the Presidential Election Year Congressional District Convention. 

B. The Presidential Election Year Congressional District Convention shall 
elect two delegates and two alternates to the Republican National Con- 
vention, and shall nominate one Presidential Elector. No organizational 
changes shall take place except as provided in this section. 

C. The Chairman and Secretary of the Congressional District shall certify 
election of delegates and alternates, and nominee for Presidential Elector 
on forms furnished by the State Central Committee. Completed District 
Credentials, plus completed Credentials for the counties within the Dis- 
trict, shall be in the hands of the State Credentials Committee Chairman 
by the deadline set by the State Chairman. Credentials received shall be 
considered official for mailing purposes only. 

ARTICLE IX 
CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

I. Membership 

Membership of the Congressional District Executive Committee shall be com- 
posed of: 

A. The officers elected at the District Convention. 

B. All duly elected County Chairmen within the District. 

C. County Vice-Chairmen from those counties within the District which 
gave a majority or plurality vote to the Republican candidate for Presi- 
dent and Governor in the preceding election. 

D. All members of the State Executive Committee who are elected by the 
District Convention under the provisions in ARTICLE VIII, Section B, 3. 

E. Such others as the District Plan of Organization may provide. 
II. Powers and Duties 

The Congressional District Executive Committee shall encourage qualified 
candidates for Congress; cooperate with the Judicial, Senatorial, and Legis- 



216 North Carolina Manual 

lative Executive Committees in encouraging qualified candidates for those 
offices, especially in multi-county districts; appoint a finance chairman; and 
cooperate with the County and State Executive Committees in all campaigns. 

III. Meetings 

The Congressional District Executive Committee shall meet at least twice a 
year upon call of the Congressional District Chairman. One-third of the 
members of the Committee shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of 
business. There shall be no proxy voting. 

IV. Duties of Officers 

A. The Congressional District Chairman, with the advice and consent of the 
District Executive Committee, shall have general supervision of the af- 
fairs of the Party within its District. He shall assist the State Chairman 
in carrying out State Programs, supervise the Congressional campaigns 
until such time as a Campaign Manager shall have been appointed, main- 
tain contact with all Counties within his District, and shall be responsible 
for the proper organization and functioning of those Counties. He shall 
maintain constant liaison with all County Chairmen with regard to a 
Republican organization in every precinct within his District. In addi- 
tion, he shall furnish, upon request, each County Chairman and each 
County Executive Committee officer an accurate and up-to-date list of 
all County Executive Committee officers within his District to include 
title, name, address, and zip code. These lists shall be updated periodical- 
ly to insure that the latest information is provided to those to whom it is 
required to be provided. He shall have such other duties as may be pre- 
scribed by the State Executive Committee. 

B. The Vice-Chairman shall be Chief Assistant to the District Chairman 
and shall act as Chairman in the absence of the Chairman; shall main- 
tain liaison with the County Vice-Chairman throughout the District 
(where applicable) and shall have such other duties as may be prescrib- 
ed by the District Committee. 

C. The Secretary shall keep all minutes and records and shall maintain a 
roster of all officers of the Counties within the District. 

D. The Treasurer shall receive and disburse all funds for Tarty expendi- 
tures pursuant to authority duly given by the District Committee and 
will make a financial report to all District Executive Committee meet- 
ings. 

V. Vacancies a)id Removals 

A. In case of death, resignation, discontinuance of residency within the Dis- 
trict, removal of any officer of the Congressional District Executive Com- 
mittee, or other vacancy, the resulting vacancy shall be filled by the re- 
maining members of the Committee. 

B. Any officer of the Congressional District Executive Committee may be 
removed by a two-thirds vote of the Congressional District Executive 



Republican Party 217 

Committee after being notified by the charges against him signed by not 
less than one-third of the members of the Committee, and allowing him 
thirty (30) days to appear and defend himself; provided further that 
said cause for removal shall be confined to gross inefficiency, Party dis- 
loyalty, or failure to act in compliance with the District or State Plans of 
Organization. Such removal may be appealed, within twenty (20) days, 
to the State Central Committee, and their decision shall be final. 

ARTICLE X 
DISTRICT FINANCE COMMITTEE 

I. The District Finance Chairman shall serve as Chairman of the Congressional 
District Finance Committee, which shall be composed of the Finance Chair- 
men of all the Counties within the District, the Congressional District Chair- 
man, and the Congressional District Treasurer, plus three additional mem- 
bers to be elected by the members of the Finance Committee. Other officers 
as may be deemed necessary may be elected by and from the members of the 
Committee. This Committee shall cooperate with the State Finance Committee 
and with the County Finance Committees in all fund-raising efforts. 

ARTICLE XI 
STATE CONVENTIONS 

I. Biennial State Convention 

A. A biennial State Convention shall be called in every odd-numbered year 
to be held between September 1 and December 1 of said odd-numbered 
year, by the Chairman of the Republican State Executive Committee 
after giving sixty (60) days' written notice of the time and place for 
holding same to all members of the State Executive Committee and to 
all County Chairmen. Delegates and alternates elected at the County 
Conventions, unless successfully challenged, shall sit as delegates and al- 
ternates at the Biennial State Convention. 

B. In every odd-numbered year, the Biennial State Convention shall elect a 
State Chairman and a Vice-Chairman (of the opposite sex) who shall 
serve for a term of two years or until their successors are elected. 

II. Presidential Election Year State Convention 

A. A Presidential Election Year State Convention shall be called in every 
Presidential Election Year between the date of the First Primary Elec- 
tion and July 1 of said Presidential Election Year, by the Chairman of 
the Republican State Executive Committee after giving sixty (60) days' 
written notice of the time and place for holding same to all members of 
the State Executive Committee and to all County Chairmen. Delegates 
and alternates elected at the Presidential Election Year County Conven- 
tions, unless successfully challenged shall sit as delegates and alternates 
at the Presidential Election Year State Convention. 



218 North Carolina Manual 

B. In every Presidential Election Year the Presidential Election Year Con- 
vention shall elect delegates and alternates to the National Convention, 
in addition to those specified under ARTICLE VIII, in the number stipu- 
lated by the State Chairman as determined by the National Rules. They 
shall further elect a National Committeeman and a National Committee- 
woman who shall serve for a term of four years or until their successors 
are elected; and nominate two Presidential Electors at Large. 

ARTICLE XII 
STATE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

I. Membership 

The State Executive Committee shall be composed of the following: 

A. The Congressional District Chairmen, the Congressional District Vice- 
Chairmen, the Congressional District Finance Chairmen, and those per- 
sons elected by the District Conventions under ARTICLE VIII, Section I, 
Subsection B-3, of this Plan. 

B. The State Chairman, Vice-Chairman, National Committeeman, National 
Committeewoman, Secretary, Assistant Secretary, Treasurer, Finance 
Chairman, and General Counsel. 

C. A Director of Minority Affairs. 

D. The Chairman, National Committeeman and National Committeewoman 
of the Young Republican Federation. The President-Elect, and Past 
President of the Republican Women's Federation. The Chairman of the 
North Carolina College Republicans and the Chairman of the North Car- 
olina Teenage Republicans, provided they fullfill the requirements of 
Article I ; otherwise, they will be non-voting members. 

E. All current Republican members of the United States Congress, the State 
Legislature, and the State Board of Elections. 

F. The County Chairmen from those Counties which gave a majority or 
plurality vote to the Republican candidate for President or Governor in 
the preceding election. 

G. The County Vice-Chairmen from those Counties which gave a majority 
or plurality vote to the Republican candidates for President and Governor 
in the preceding election. 

II. Powers and Duties of Committee 

The State Executive Committee shall elect a Secretary and an Assistant Sec- 
retary, a Treasurer, a Finance Chairman, and a General Counsel, who shall 
serve for a term of two years or until their successors are elected. The Com- 
mittee shall formulate and provide for the execution of such plans and 
measures as it may deem conducive to the best interests of the Republican 
Party. It shall appoint an Auditing Committee of at least three members to 



Republican Party 219 

conduct a yearly audit; approve such audit; adopt a budget; and shall have 
active management of all affairs of the Party within the State. It may dele- 
gate such duties as it deems proper to the State Central Committee. 
When monies are raised and expenditures authorized by other than the State 
Central Committee or the State Executive Committee on behalf of any can- 
didate for state or national office, the Party shall not be held liable; except, 
however, that the State Executive Committee, by a two-thirds vote of a quo- 
rum present, may assume any portion of such debts it deems advisable. 

III. Committee Meetings 

The State Executive Committee shall meet at least twice per calendar year, 
upon call of the Chairman at such times as the State Chairman shall de- 
termine, after giving fifteen (15) days' written notice to all Committee mem- 
bers; or upon petition of one-third of the members of the Committee. One- 
third of the members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of busi- 
ness. There shall be no proxy voting. 

IV. Duties of Officers 

A. The State Chairman, with the advice and consent of the Central Com- 
mittee, shall have general supervision of the affairs of the Party within 
the state. He shall preside at all meetings of the State Executive Commit- 
tee and shall perform such duties as may be prescribed by the State 
Executive Committee. He shall appoint, with the consent of the Central 
Committee, a Director of Minority Affairs (who shall be a member of a 
minority race) who shall serve at the pleasure of the State Chairman. He 
shall be responsible for the campaigns of the Governor and Lieutenant 
Governor until such time as a permanent campaign manager may be ap- 
pointed. The State Chairman may delegate authority to the District 
Chairman to act in his behalf on any matter. 

B. The Vice-Chairman shall be Chief Assistant to the Chairman and shall 
act as Chairman in the absence of the Chairman. If a woman, the Vice- 
Chairman should be designated as Director of the Women's Division of 
the Republican Party, which shall be supported by the State Committee. 
The Vice-Chairman shall maintain close liaison with the District and 
County Vice-Chairmen, encourage and direct the women's activities in 
the Party structure. The Vice-Chairman shall work with the National 
Committeewoman to fund the National Program and provide her with 
information and assistance on the State matters. The Vice-Chairman 
shall have such other duties as may be prescribed by the State Executive 
Committee. 

C. The National Committeeman and National Committeewoman shall main- 
tain liaison with the National Republican Party. 

D. The Secretary shall keep minutes of all meetings. The Assistant Secre- 
tary shall assist the Secretary in the above duties and shall act as Secre- 
tary in the absence of the Secretary. 

E. The State Treasurer shall receive and disburse all funds collected or 



220 North Carolina Manual 

earned by the State Party and all disbursements shall be made by him. 
All funds shall be deposited in a central location at the Treasurer's direc- 
tion. The treasurer shall be bonded in an amount fixed by the State Cen- 
tral Committee — the premium to be paid from Party funds. 

F. The General Counsel shall advise the Executive Committee on all legal 
matters and shall act as Parliamentarian at all meetings of the Commit- 
tee. 

V. Vacancies and Removals 

A. In case of death, resignation, discontinuance of residency within the state, 
or removal of any officer of the State Executive Committee, the resulting 
vacancy shall be filled by the State Executive Committee. In case of 
death, resignation, discontinuance o + * residency within the District, or re- 
moval of any member representing :\ Congressional District, the vacancy 
shall be filled by the remaining members of the Congressional District in 
which such vacancy occurs. 

B. Any officer or member may be removed by a two-thirds vote of the Com- 
mittee after being furnished with notice of the charges against him, 
signed by not less than one-third of the members of the Committee and al- 
lowing him thirty (30) days to appear and defend himself; provided 
further that said cause for removal shall be confined to gross inefficiency, 
Party disloyalty, or failure to act in compliance with this Plan of Or- 
ganization. The decision of the State Executive Committee shall be final. 

ARTICLE XIII 
STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE 

I. Membership 

The State Central Committee shall be composed of the following: 

A. The Congressional District Chairmen; the Congressional District Vice- 
Chairmen shall act in the absence of the Chairman. 

B. The Chairman, Vice-Chairman, National Committeeman, National Com- 
mitteewoman, Secretary, Assistant Secretary, Treasurer, General Coun- 
sel, and Finance Chairman of the State Executive Committee. 

C. A Director of Minority Affairs. 

D. The Chairman of the Young Republican Federation and the President of 
the Republican Women's Federation. The Chairman of the North Caro- 
lina College Republicans and the Chairman of the North Carolina Teen- 
age Republicans shall be voting members, provided they fulfill the re- 
quirements of Article I; otherwise, they will be non-voting members. 

E. The Congressional District Finance Chairmen shall be non-voting, ex- 
officio members of this Committee. 



Republican Party 221 

F. The Republican Joint Caucus Leader of the General Assembly. 
II. Powers and Duties 

The State Central Committee shall have the power to appoint a Campaign 
Committee, a Publicity Committee, a Committee on Senior Citizens Affairs, 
State Convention Committees and Temporary Convention Officers, and such 
other Committees as it may deem necessary for the proper conduct of the af- 
fairs of the Party; to manage the affairs of the Party between meetings of 
the State Executive Committee; to formulate fiscal policy, establish quotas, 
prepare a budget; to set the dates for the Biennial Precinct Meetings, Con- 
gressional District, and State Conventions between September 1 and December 
1 of the odd-numbered years and the Presidential Election Year Precinct 
Meetings, County, Congressional District, and State conventions, between 
the date of the First Primary Election and July 1 of the Presidential Election 
years, in accordance with National Rules ; and to do all things pertaining to 
Party affairs which it may be authorized to do by the State Executive Com- 
mittee. It shall be responsible for initiating all campaigns for the United 
States Senate and Council of State and co-ordinating them as determined 
feasible. The State Central Committee shall keep accurate accounts of its 
proceedings and shall make annual reports to the State Executive Committee. 
The Committee shall employ as full-time Executive Director a person of high- 
est character and political competence to prosecute on a day-by-day basis the 
mission of the Committee. The Committee shall provide on a full-time basis 
in the Capital city of North Carolina adequate offices for the Executive Di- 
rector and such staff as the Committee shall provide for him, which offices 
shall be known as Headquarters, North Carolina Republican Party. The 
Central Committee is charged with, in addition to all other duties, the mis- 
sion of creating an effective Republican organization in every political pre- 
cinct in North Carolina. 

III. Meetings 

The State Central Committee shall meet at least six times a year upon call of 
the Chairman upon ten (10) days' notice to all members or upon petition of 
one-third of the members of the Committee. One-third of the members shall 
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. There shall be no proxy 
voting. 

V. Duties of Officers 

The Officers of the State Executive Committee shall act as officers of the State 
Central Committee, with corresponding duties. 

ARTICLE XIV 
STATE FINANCE COMMITTEE 

I. Membership 

The Finance Committee shall consist of the State Finance Chairman, the 
Congressional Finance Chairmen, the State Chairman, plus six additional 



222 North Carolina Manual 

members to be elected by the members of the Finance Committee. The State 
Finance Chairman shall serve as Chairman of the State Finance Committee. 
Other officers as may be deemed necessary may be elected by and from the 
members of the Committee. 

II. Pon-rs and Duties 

It shall be the duty of the State Finance Committee to develop ways and 
means to properly finance the General Election Campaigns and other busi- 
ness and affairs of the Republican Party. The Committee shall manage a 
united fund-raising effort in cooperation with the State Central Committee 
only in those counties with the approval of the County Executive Committee; 
and cooperate with District and County organizations for effective fund-rais- 
ing campaigns. Said Committee shall not, directly or indirectly, raise or col- 
lect funds for the benefit of any candidates for Primary Elections. All per- 
sons making contributions to the Stale Finance Committee of $10.00 or more 
shall be furnished with a receipt thereof. Contributions going directly to the 
National Committee or to any candidate shall not be acknowledged by the 
State Treasurer or recorded as a regular contribution to the Republican 
Party of North Carolina. 

Permanent record of all contributors shall be maintained by the State Chair- 
man and State Treasurer, and such records shall be available, upon request, 
to the appropriate County and District Chairmen. 

III. Duties of Officers 

The Finance Chairman shall preside at all meetings of the Committee and 
shall be the chief liaison between the Finance Committee and the State Central 
Committee. Other officers shall have such duties as may be prescribed by the 
Committee. 

ARTICLE XV 
GENERAL CONVENTION PROCEDURE 

I. Biennial Conventions and Presidential Election Year Conventions 

The County, Congressional District, and State Conventions shall be called to 
order by their respective Chairmen, or, in the absence of the Chairman, by 
the Vice Chairman or Secretary, in order stated, who shall have the power to 
appoint the necessary Convention Committees and temporary officers at, or 
before, the convening of the Convention. 

II. Voting Procedure 

No delegate, alternate, or other member of a Convention shall cast any vote 
by proxy; provided, however, that any delegate or delegates present shall 
have the right to cast the entire vote of the County in District and State Con- 
ventions. No precinct shall cast more votes than it has duly elected delegates 
on the floor at the County Convention. No person shall be seated as a delegate 
or alternate in any County, District, or State Convention unless such person 
shall have been duly elected a delegate or alternate by the appropriate pre- 



Republican Party 223 

cinct meeting or County Convention; EXCEPT the registered Republican, or 
Republicans, present at a County Convention from an unorganized precinct, 
which has not had its credentials accepted, shall have the right to vote on 
vote per precinct, pro-rated among those present from that precinct. 

III. Special Conventions 

The State Central Committee, at any time, in the interests of the Republican 
Party, may direct the State Chairman or the Congressional District Chair- 
men, to issue call for special Senatorial, Judicial, or Legislative organizational 
meetings, and special County and Congressional District Conventions, in any 
or all of the Counties and Districts of the state. The procedure for calling 
regular biennial meetings and Conventions shall apply to the calling of special 
meetings and Conventions so far as applicable and not inconsistent with this 
Plan of Organization. 

ARTICLE XVI 
OFFICIAL RECORDS 

I. Minutes of Official Actions 

Minutes shall be kept by all Committees and Conventions of official actions 
taken and a copy shall be filed with the Chairman of the appropriate Com- 
mittee on Convention. 

II. Financial Accounts 

The Chairman, Treasurer, and Finance Chairman of the County, District, 
and State Committees shall keep faithful and accurate records of any and 
all monies received by them for the use of said Committees and shall make 
faithful and accurate report thereof when so requested. 

ARTICLE XVII 
APPOINTMENTS 

I. Notification 

It shall be the duty of the State Chairman to transmit to each County Chair- 
man notice of all known vacancies in appointive positions in the County, in 
order that eligible Republicans from that County may be considered and rec- 
ommended for such positions. The State Chairman shall further transmit 
notice of all known vacancies on a District or State level to those persons 
having jurisdiction in such appointments. 

II. County Appointments 

When a vacancy occurs in a governmental office in any propArly organized 
County, such vacancy shall be filled by recommendation of the State Chair- 
man, only upon majority vote of the Executive Committee of the County in- 
volved, at a meeting called for that purpose. 



224 North Carolina Manual 

III. District Appointments 

When a vacancy occurs in a governmental office on a District level, such va- 
cancy shall be filled by recommendation of the State Chairman, only upon 
majority vote of the National Committeeman and National Committeewoman, 
and members of the State Executive Committee from the counties embraced 
in the territory served by the office in question, at a meeting; called for that 
purpose. 

IV. State Appointments 

When a vacancy occurs in a governmental office on the state level, such va- 
cancy shall be filled by recommendation of the State Chairman, only upon 
majority vote of the State Executive Committee at a meeting: called for that 
purpose. 

ARTICLE XVIII 
FORFEITURE OF OFFICIAL PRIVILEGES 

Any officer or member of a Precinct Committee, County Executive Commit- 
tee, District Committee, State Executive Committee, or State Central Committee 
who, for any reason, is removed or resigns from said position shall forfeit all 
rights and privileges in any way connected with that position. 

ARTICLE XIX 
APPLICABILITY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF THIS PLAN 

I. Rules as to Towns and Cities 

This Plan of Organization is not intended to extend to, or establish organiza- 
tions for the Republican Party of the various towns and cities of the State 
of North Carolina as separate units from the precinct and county organiza- 
tions. Qualified and registered Republican voters of the towns and cities of 
the state may organize and promulgate their own rules not inconsistent with 
these rules and the organizations herein established. 

II. Rules as to Counties and Districts 

The Precinct and County Committees and County Conventions, and the Dis- 
trict Committees and Conventions are authorized to promulgate such addi- 
tional rules and establish such additional Party officers or committees for 
their respective organizations, not inconsistent with these rules, as shall be 
deemed necessary. 

III. Controversies 

Controversies in any County or District with respect to the Organizations set 
up therein under this Plan, shall be referred to the State Chairman, National 
Committeeman, National Committeewoman, and General Counsel for arbitra- 
tion. Ruling shall be made within sixty (60) days and their decision shall be 
final. 



Republican Party 



225 



IV. Parliamentary Authority 

Robert's Rules of Order Revised shall govern all proceedings, except when 
inconsistent with this State Plan of Organization or Convention Rules prop- 
erly adopted. 

V. Effective Date of this Plan 

This Plan of Organization shall become effective and repeal and supercede 
all other rules, except as specifically noted, immediately following adjourn- 
ment of the State Convention in Charlotte, North Carolina, on November 20, 
1971. This, however, shall not invalidate any action taken under the previous 
rules prior to the above date. 

Senator Phil Kirk, Chairman 
Committee on Plan of Organization 

Herman Matherson 

Marion Davis 

Ken Zahner 

Mrs. Dot Presser Furr 

Doug Martin. 



Committee members 1 



John Wilkinson 
George Jackson 
Tom Bennett 
LaVerne Thornton 
Mrs. Jack Warren 



226 North Carolina Manual 

COMMITTEES OF THE STATE REPUBLICAN PARTY 
STATE REPUBLICAN EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

STATE ORGANIZATION 

Chairman Thomas S. Bennett, Raleigh 

Vice-Chairman Mary Alice Warren, Winston-Salem 

Secretary Mrs. Glen (Nancy) Lake, Greensboro 

Assistant Secretary Harold J. Brubaker, Asheboro 

Treasurer Russell N. Barringer, Sr., Durham 

Finance Chairman John Murphy, Raleigh 

Legal Counsel John A. Wilkinson, Washington 

National Committeeman J. E. Broyhill, Lenoir 

National Committeewoman Mrs. Louis Rogers, Charlotte 

YOUNG REPUBLICAN FEDERATION 

Chairman Mrs. Kathy Crockett, Matthews 

National Committeeman Bob Freeman, Charlotte 

National Committeewoman Mrs. Jo Kimberlin, Granite Falls 

WOMEN'S FEDERATION 

President Alma Tilghman, Beaufort 

Past President Mary Alice Warren, Winston-Salem 

President-Elect Mrs. E. J. Hegler, Jr., Lincolnton 

DIRECTOR OF MINORITY AFFAIRS 

Director Marcus Street, Chapel Hill 

COLLEGE YOUNG REPUBLICANS 

Chairman Steve Rader, Durham 

TEENAGE REPUBLICANS 

Chairman Alan Houser, Lincoln 

REPUBLICAN MEMBERS OF THE 1975 GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

Senate: 

Donald R. Kincaid Lenoir 

House of Representatives: 

S. Thomas Rhodes Wilmington 

Fred S. Hutchins, Jr Winston-Salem 

George M. Holmes Hamptonville 

Marilyn R. Bissell Charlotte 

Laurence A. Cobb Charlotte 

Carolyn Mathis Charlotte 



Republican Party 227 

Roy Spoon Charlotte 

T. Cass Ballenger Hickory 

Fred R. Dorsey East Flat Rock 

REPUBLICAN MEMBERS OF THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS 

Jesse A. Helms, Jr Raleigh 

James T. Broyhill Lenoir 

James G. Martin Davidson 

FIRST DISTRICT 



Chairman Herb Lee Greenville 

Vice-Chairman Helen Vernelsor. New Bern 

Finance Chairman Dewey Well Elizabeth City 

Members at Large: 

County Name Address 

Beaufort Zeno Ratcliff, Jr Pantego 

Pasquotank Jake Stafford Elizabeth City 

Greene E. C. Newcomb Snow Hill 

Pamlico Garvin Hardison Arapahoe 

Pitt William Grantmyre Greenville 

Craven James K. Spruill Vanceboro 

Carteret Clifford Tilghman Beaufort 

Craven Kenneth Morris New Bern 

Lenoir Jack Poole Kinston 

SECOND DISTRICT 

Chairman George W. Jackson Roxboro 

Vice-Chairman Dr. Faye B. Eagles Rocky Mount 

Finance Chairman P. H. Craig Hillsborough 

County Name Address 

Person Frank Pollock Roxboro 

Orange Nick Smith Chapel Hill 

Wilson Elmon Batten Wilson 

Edgecombe J. Edgar Moore Rocky Mount 

Vance Leon Perry Henderson 

Warren Henry Hayes Warrenton 

Alamance Marie T. Allred Elon College 

Wake Archie Bunn Zebukm 

Granville John Macky Oxford 

Northampton Russell Johnson, Jr Conway 

THIRD DISTRICT 

Chairman John Shallcross Smithfield 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. Jack Daniels Goldsboro 

Finance Chairman Leslie Warrick Goldsboro 



228 North Carolina Manual 

County Name Address 

Duplin Melvin Pope .. Magnolia 

Harnett Abe Elmore Dunn 

Harnett Larry Parker Erwin 

Harnett Samuel S. Stephenson Angier 

Or. slow Robert Early Jacksonville 

Lee R. B. Guthrie Sanford 

Sampson .. Deems H. Clifton Clinton 

Sampson .... Allie Ray McCullen Clinton 

Wayne Malcolm Perry Goldsboro 

FOURTH DISTRICT 

Chairmen Mr. & Mrs. Doug Biddy Durham 

Vice-Chairman Ms. Sheree Stone Carrboro 

County Name Address 

Wake Mr. & Mrs. Jim Cresimore Raleigh 

Wake Mrs. Jim Peden Raleigh 

Wake Jane Doby Raleigh 

Wake Chuck Neely Raleigh 

Wake Jack Alphin Cary 

Wake Mr. & Mrs. Tom Lucas Raleigh 

Wake A. J. Turner Raleigh 

Wake Ben Alexander Raleigh 

Randolph Worth Coltrane Asheboro 

Randolph James L. Coble Randleman 

Gaston Floyd Langley Stanley 

Randolph Isa McDowell Asheboro 

Orange Mr. & Mrs. Floyd Oldham Chapel Hill 

Chatham Norma d' St. Aubin Siler City 

Durham Mr. & Mrs. Frank Montgomery Durham 

Durham Mr. & Mrs. Asa Spaulding, Jr Durham 

Durham Mr. & Mrs. Ed Parrish Durham 

Durham Mr. & Mrs. Oliver Alphin Durham 

Durham Mrs. Joe Leonard Durham 

FIFTH DISTRICT 

Chairman Eddie Armfield Winston-Salem 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. Joyce Cannon Lexington 

County Name Address 

Alleghany Floyd Roupe Sparta 

Ashe Mr. & Mrs. Dick Bryan Jefferson 

Davidson Mr. & Mrs. J. C. Glosson Lexington 

Davidson Mr. & Mrs. Harvey A. Carpenter Thomasville 

Davidson Sheriff & Mrs. Fred Sink Lexington 

Forsyth Mr. & Mrs. Guy Carswell Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Mr. & Mrs. Ray Triplett Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Col. & Mrs. Don Soefker Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Mrs. Lewis Ludlum Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Dr. David Nelson Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Charles Brooks Winston-Salem 

Forsyth Mr. & Mrs. James E. Edwards Winston-Salem 



Republican Party 229 

Stokes Mr. & Mrs. John Burwell King 

Surry Lewis Stanfield, Jr Mount Airy 

Wilkes Mr. & Mrs. Claude Billings, Jr Wilkesboro 

Wilkes Mr. & Mrs. Kyle Hayes Wilkesboro 

SIXTH DISTRICT 

Chairman Mrs. Anne S. Morrison Burlington 

Vice-Chairman Dr. John H. Hall Greensboro 

Finance Chairman Morris Adams High Point 

County Name Address 

Alamance Ken Corbett Burlington 

Alamance Henry Danieley Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. Shirley Fields Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. Frances Woods Burlington 

Alamance Mrs. Linda Brown Burlington 

Guilford Bob Shaw Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Eula Clark High Point 

Guilford John Hawkins Greensboro 

Guilford Lonnie Revels Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Nancy Lake Greensboro 

Guilford Mrs. Carolyn McGee Greensboro 

Guilford Mr. James Gill, Jr High Point 

Guilford Mrs. Linda Chilton Jamestown 

Guilford Mrs. Dot Burnley Jamestown 

Rockingham .William F. Simpson Reidsville 

Rockingham Mrs. Frances Barham Mayodan 

Rockingham Garland Edwards Eden 

Rockingham Steven D. Williams Madison 

Guilford Ruby Collins High Point 

SEVENTH DISTRICT 

Chairman Tommy Harrelson Southport 

Vice-Chairman Janice Long Raeford 

Finance Chairman Mayo Holmes Wilmington 

County Name Address 

Robeson Thomas Keith Lumberton 

Columbus LeRoy Stocks Whiteville 

Brunswick George Inman Freeland 

Moore Eloise Strother Aberdeen 

Columbus John E. Thompson Whiteville 

New Hanover Susan McGaskill Wilmington 

Robeson Eve & Stephen Strickland Pembroke 

EIGHTH DISTRICT 

Chairman Joe Medlin Monroe 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. Fran Tomlin Concord 

Finance Chairman Josh Morton  

County Name Address 

Union Joe Medlin ..._ Monroe 



230 North Carolina Manual 

Rowan Mrs. Lester Ritchie China Grove 

Rowan Phillip Bostian China Grove 

Yadkin . Billie Vestal Yadkinville 

Union Marvin Huntly Monroe 

Scotland Robert Bullard Wagram 

Anson James Robert Hill Wadesboro 

Cabarrus Robert Bogle Concord 

Cabarrus Sam Colerider South Concord 

Davie John Brock Mocksville 

Montgomery Paul W. Thompson Star 

Moore Mrs. Gerda Simpson Carthage 

Richmond Howard Thompson Rockingham 

Stanly Mrs. Vivian Harris Badin 

Stanly Wendell Talley Stanfield 

NINTH DISTRICT 

Chairman Jack Waring Statesville 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. Herbert Houser Lincolnton 

County Name Address 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Oliver Rowe Charlotte 

Mecklenburg William Griflin Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Wilson Bryan Charlotte 

Mecklenburg L. D. (Pat) Stubbs Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Jim Crockett Matthews 

Mecklenburg Mary Alexander Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Rodger Barnhart Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Mrs. Ena Faye Cobb Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Parks King Charlotte 

Mecklenburg L. D. Bass Charlotte 

Mecklenburg Albert Hilton Charlotte 

Lincoln Melvin Drum Lincolnton 

Wilkes William Hale Mooresville 

Iredell Troy A. Robertson Statesville 

TENTH DISTRICT 

Chairman Dr. W. W. Dickson Gastonia 

Vice-Chairman Mrs. Jack Coffey Lenoir 

' <inity Name Address 

Alexander Harland Robertson Taylorsville 

Burke Don Smith Morganton 

Burke D. R. Vaught Valdese 

Caldwell Brent Kincaid Lenoir 

Caldwell Marshall Cline Lenoir 

Catawba Ken Thomas Hickory 

Lincoln Ralph C. Rhoney - Vale 

Catawba John Weatherly Newton 

Watauga Ralph Hayes Triplett 

Catawba Carl Pullman Hickory 

Cleveland Charles McCartney Shelby 

Gaston Glenn Parker Sasar 

Gaston Dr. William Quarles Gastonia 



Republican Party 231 

Gaston Max Craig Mount Holly 

Gaston Bruce Hartung Dallas 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT 

Chairman Chig Cagle Sylva 

Vice-Chairman Elsie Pyatt Marion 

Finance Chairman Jesse Ledbetter Sylva 

Members-at-Large : 

County Name Address 

Avery Gary Gardner Newland 

Buncombe Dan Eller Asheville 

Buncombe Robert Long, Jr Asheville 

Buncombe Mrs. Wesley Potter Asheville 

Cherokee W. A. Hoover, Jr Murphy 

Swain Carmel Crisp Fontana Dam 

Haywood Mrs. Cosby Frady Waynesville 

Henderson Larry Justus Dana 

Henderson Fred Mason, Jr Hendersonville 

Jackson Orville Coward Sylva 

McDowell John Freshour Marion 

Madison C. William Briggs Mars Hill 

Polk Phillip Walker Columbus 

Rutherford James A. Callahan Rutherfordton 

Transylvania Ralph Waldrop Brevard 



232 North Carolina Manual 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES 
CHAIRMEN — REPUBLICAN COUNTY 

FIRST DISTRICT 

Ci, until Name Address 

Beaufort Frances Ratcliff Pantego 

Bertie . Glenn Lancaster Windsor 

Camden Warren Riggs Old Trapp 

Chowan Herbet Bass Edenton 

Craven Trawick Stubbs, Jr New Bern 

Currituck Porcius F. Crank, Jr Harbinger 

Dare Gage Williams Wanchese 

Gates E. M. Roundtree Corapeake 

Greene Mrs. Adele Mitchell Snow Hill 

Hertford Ralph P. O'Berry Ahoskie 

Hyde Henry L. Harvey, Jr. Pantego 

Jo'nes . W. W. Wicks Maysville 

Lenoir P. C. Barwick Kinston 

Martin W. K. Parker Williamston 

Pamlico C. Ralph Forrest Vandemere 

Pasquotank W. D. Gardner Elizabeth City 

Perquimans Cecil Winslow Hertford 

Pitt Dixie Green Greenville 

Tyrrell .... Trvin R. Swain Columbia 

Washington John A. Lamm Plymouth 

SECOND DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Caswell Tommy Davis Yanceyville 

Edgecombe Pete Wilson Rocky Mount 

Franklin Wallace Pruitt Franklinton 

Granville Nancy Marshall Oxford 

Halifax T. A. Merritt, Jr Roanoke Rapids 

Nash Ben J. Layton Rocky Mount 

Person Horton Horner Roxboro 

Vance Mrs. Ruby Lassiter Henderson 

Warren John J. Hawkins Warrenton 

Wilson A. W. Rouse Lucama 



THIRD DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Bladen ...James Hill Elizabethtown 

Duplin Dr. Corbett L. Quinn Magnolia 

Harnett O. W. Godwin, Jr Dunn 

Johnston 0. B. Batten Kenly 

Lee Dennis Foushee Sanford 

Onslow K. B. Hurst Jacksonville 

Pender William 0. Rivenbark Willard 

Sampson W. C. Fann Clinton 

Wayne Mike Heeken Goldsboro 



Republican Party 233 

FOURTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Chatham Dr. Floyd Oldham Chapel Hill 

Durham Frank Montgomery Durham 

Randolph Mr. & Mrs. Worth Coltrane Asheboro 

Wake Jim Cresimore Raleigh 



FIFTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alleghany Robert L. Johnson Sparta 

Ashe Harold Stanley Jefferson 

Davidson Jim Snyder Lexington 

Forsyth William F. Graham Winston-Salem 

Surry Jimmy W. Miller Mount Airy 

Wilkes Mr. James E. Swofford North Wilkesboro 

Stokes Robert Buster Robertson King 



SIXTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Alamance Kenneth F. Corbett Burlington 

Guilford Bob Shaw Greensboro 

Rockingham Bill Simpson Reidsville 

SEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Brunswick Frankie Rabon Winnabow 

Columbus R. W. Weaver Chadbourne 

Cumberland Paul Hash Hope Mills 

Hoke Mrs. Edith Nixon Aberdeen 

New Hanover Al Butler Wilmington 

Robeson Fred Musselwhite Lumberton 



EIGHTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Anson John B. Christie Wadesboro 

Cabarrus Dr. E. M. Tomlin Concord 

Davie F. R. Hendrix, Jr _ Mocksville 

Montgomery Dr. J. W. Owen Troy 

Moore Floyd Cole West End 

Richmond ...Charlie Monroe Rockingham 

Rowan Jim Poole Rockwell 

Scotland Larry Long Laurinburg 

Stanly Elton Hudson Albemarle 

Union Donald C. Perry Wingate 

Yadkin James L. Graham Yadkinville 



234 North Carolina Manual 

NINTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Iredell Harold Bryant Statesville 

Lincoln Charles Eurey Lincolnton 

Mecklenburg Zack Smith Charlotte 

TENTH DISTRICT 

C"ii ulii Name Address 

Alexander Harry Robertson Tayloresville 

Burke Ray Lail Morganton 

Caldwell Frank Smith, Sr Lenoir 

Catawba Frank Simmons Hickory 

Cleveland Bob Allen Shelby 

Gaston David Ward Gastonia 

Gaston Mrs. Brenda Towery Dallas 

Watauga F. Cecil Miller Boone 

ELEVENTH DISTRICT 

County Name Address 

Avery Charles VonCannon, Sr Banner Elk 

Buncombe Dan Eller Asheville 

Cherokee Dr. W. A. Hoover Murphy- 
Clay W. P. Bradley Hayesville 

Graham Delmas Shuler Robbinsville 

Henderson Mrs. Rowland T. Davis Flat Rock 

Haywood Mrs. Edna Harris Waynesville 

Jackson William W. Cagle Sylva 

Macon Harold Corbin Franklin 

Madison Bill Powell Mars Hill 

Mitchell Mrs. Elizabeth May Snyder Bakersville 

McDowell . ..Joseph R. Kaylor Marion 

Polk George S. Glenn Tryon 

Rutherford Mrs. Carolyn S. Gardner Forest City 

Swain Jim Meyers Bryson City 

Transylvania William R. White Brevard 

Yancey Steve Boone Green Mountain 



PART IV 
THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 



United States Government 239 



UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE BRANCH 



GERALD RUDOLPH FORD 



PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 

Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr., Republican, became President of the United States 
on August 9, 1974 following the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon. He 
was born July 14, 1913 and christened Leslie King, Son of Leslie L. and Dorothy 
A. King; however, his parents were divorced in 1915. His mother took him to 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, where she met Gerald R. Ford, Sr., whom she married 
and who adopted her son giving him his name. He attended high school in Grand 
Rapids where he won all-state honors in football, and the University of Michigan 
(BA, 1935) where he was the starting center on the undefeated National Cham- 
pionship teams of 1932 and 1933. Upon his graduating he turned down professional 
football offers to attend the Yale Law School (L.L.B. 1941). He opened a law 
practice in Grand Rapids in 1941; however, during the war he left his practice 
to become an officer in the Navy where he served for four years. He returned to 
his law practice in 1946. In 1948 at the urging of his Step-father and others, he 
successfully ran for the seat of Congressman Bartel J. Jonkman. He was re-elected 
and opposition to high federal spending. In November, 1963 he was appointed by 
President Johnson to the seven-member "Warren Commission" investigating the 
assassination of President Kennedy. Politically, he is a conservative, but he gen- 
erally favored the major Civil Rights legislation of the 60's, although he did 
oppose busing. After the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew in 1973, he was chosen 
to successive term from 1950-1972. During his tenure in Congress, he served as his 
party's Minority leader, and was noted for his stands on a strong U. S. defense 
by President Nixon to be Vice-President; he took the oaths of office on December 
6, 1973, following his confirmation by the Congress. He married Elizabeth Bloomer 
in 1948, and they have three sons, Michael, John and Steven, and a daughter, 
Susan. Episcopalian. 



240 North Carolina Manual 

THE PRESIDENT S CABINET 



Vice-President Nelson A. Rockefeller 

Secretary of Agriculture Earl L. Butz 

Secretary of Commerce Frederick B. Dent 

Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger 

Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Caspar W. Weinberger 

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Carla A. Hills 

Secretary of the Interior Rogers C. B. Morton 

Attorney General Edward H. Levi 

Secretary of Labor John T. Dunlop 

Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger 

Secretary of Transportation William T. Coleman, Jr. 

Secretary of The Treasury William E. Simon 



United States Government 241 

UNITED STATES CONGRESS 
SENATE 

OFFICERS 

Nelson A. Rockefeller, President — New York 
James 0. Eastland, President Pro tempore — Mississippi 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE 

Aeronautical and Space Sciences Foreign Relations 

Agriculture and Forestry Government Operations 

Appropriations Interior and Insular Affairs 

Armed Services Judiciary 

Banking, Housing and Urban Labor and Public Welfare 

Affairs Post Office and Civil Service 

Commers Public Works 

District of Columbia Rules and Administration 

Finance Veterans' Affairs 



United States Government 243 



NORTH CAROLINA MEMBERS 

JESSE A. HELMS, JR. 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Jesse A. Helms, Jr., Republican, was born in Monroe October 18, 1921. Son 
of Jesse A. Helms and Ethel Mae (Helms) Helms. Graduated Monroe High School; 
Wingate College; Wake Forest University. Executive Vice-president, vice- 
chairman of the board and assistant chief executive officer of Capitol Broadcasting 
Company. For twelve years was editorialist for WRAL Television Station, eighty 
radio stations in North Carolina and two hundred newspapers across the country; 
was City Editor for the Raleigh Times. At age twenty became the youngest re- 
porter to win the annual N. C. Press Association Award for enterprising reporting. 
'n 1952, directed the radio-television division of the Presidential campaign of 
Democratic Senator Richard B. Russell of Georgia. Executive Director of the 
N. C. Bankers Association 1953-60; during that time served as editor of The 
Tarheel Banker. Administrative assistant to United States Senator Willis Smith; 
following Senator Smith's death, served in same position to U. S. Senator Alton 
Lennon. Member Raleigh City Council 1957-61 ; served as chairman of the Council's 
Law and Finance Committee. Has served as President and Vice-president of the 
Raleigh Rotary Club and President of the Raleigh Exchange Club. Former trustee 
of Campbell College and Wingate College. Now trustee of Meredith College, John 
F. Kennedy College, Douglas MacArthur Freedom Academy, Delaware Law School 
and Camp Willow Run (a Youth Camp for Christ). Recipient of Southern Baptist 
National Award for Service to Mankind and Especially on Behalf of Crippled 
Children. Serves as a director of the N. C. Cerebral Palsy Hospital at Durham, 
United Cerebral Palsy of N. C, and Wake County Cerebral Palsy and Rehabili- 
tation Center in Raleigh. Member of the North Carolina Tobacco Council; a 
director of the United Fund of Raleigh; state advisor to the "Young Americans 
for Freedom" ; a director of the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce. Holds the annual 
Freedoms Foundation Award for the television editorial judged to be the best in 
America. Mason, member Raleigh Lodge No. 500; Grand Orator, Grand Lodge 
of North Carolina, 1966. Member Hayes Barton Baptist Church of Raleigh; dea- 
con and Sunday school teacher. Married Dorothy Jane Coble October 31, 1942. 
Three children: Jane (Mrs. Charles R. Knox), Nancy (Mrs. John C. Stuart), and 
Charles. Address: 1513 Caswell Street, Raleigh; Room 3229, Dirksen (New Senate 
Office) Building, Washington, D. C. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Aeronautical and Space Sciences 

Agriculture and Forestry 



United States Government 245 

ROBERT MORGAN 

UNITED STATES SENATOR 

Robert Morgan, Democrat, a native of Lillington, North Carolina, was born 
October 5, 1925. Son of James Harvey and Alice (Butts) Morgan. Attended public 
schools, graduating from Lillington High School in 1942; East Carolina College 
(now East Carolina University), B.S. degree, 1947; Wake Forest College Law 
School, LL.B., 1959; J.D., 1972. While a student at Wake Forest Law School he 
filed for the office of Clerk of Superior Court of Harnett County and was elected. 
Served in this position for four years and then resigned to enter the private prac- 
tice of law. Member of the local, State and American Bar Associations. Mason and 
Rotarian. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1955, 1959, 1963, 1965 and 
1967; President Pro Tern of Senate in 1965. While a member of the Senate he was 
recognized as a forceful and effective advocate of jail reform, mental health pro- 
grams, better facilities for higher education, and numerous other programs. Won 
the Democratic nomination for the office of Attorney General in May of 1968 and 
elected to this office in the General Election of November 5, 1968. Was re-elected 
for a four-year term in November, 1972. Won Democratic nomination for office 
of United States Senator in May of 1974 and was elected to this office in the 
General Election of November 5, 1974. Served nine terms as Chairman of the East 
Carolina Board of Trustees. Member of Board of Trustees of Lees McRae College. 
Lt. Col. Ret. in the U. S. Air Force Reserve. Baptist. Married Katie Earle Owen 
of Roseboro, N. C. Two daughters, Mary and Margaret, and a foster son, Rupert. 
Home address: Lillington, N. C. Official address: P. O. Drawer M, Raleigh, N. C. 
27611. 



United States Government 



247 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 



OFFICERS 

Carl B. Albert, Speaker — Oklahoma 
W. Pat Jennings, Clerk — Virginia 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE 



Agriculture 
Appropriations 
Armed Services 
Banking and Currency 
District of Columbia 
Education and Labor 
Foreign Affairs 
Government Operations 
House Administration 
Interior and Insular 
Affairs 



Interstate and Foreign Commerce 

Judiciary 

Merchant Marine and 

Fisheries 
Post Office and Civil Service 
Public Works 
Rules 

Science and Astronautics 
Standards of Official Conduct 
Veterans' Affairs 
Ways and Means 



United States Government 249 

NORTH CAROLINA MEMBERS 

WALTER BEAMAN JONES 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(First District — Counties: Beaufort, Bertie, Camben, Carteret, Chowan, Cra- 
ven, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Greene, Hertford, Hyde, Jones, Lenoir, Martin, Pam- 
lico, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell and Washington. Population 459,543.) 

Walter Beaman Jones, Democrat, was born in Fayetteville, N. C, August 19, 
1913. Son of Walter G. and Fannie M. (Anderson) Jones. Attended Elise Academy, 
1926-1930; North Carolina State College, B.S. in Education, 1934. Office equipment 
dealer. Director Farmville Savings & Loan Association ; member Board of Com- 
missioners, Town of Farmville, 1947-1949; Mayor pro tern, 1947-1949; Mayor 
Town of Farmville and Judge Farmville Recorder's Court, 1949-1953. Member 
Masonic Lodge; Scottish Rite; Rotary Club, President, 1949; Loyal Order of 
Moose; Junior Order; Elks Lodge. Representative in the General Assembly in 
1955, 1957 and 1959; State Senator, 1965. Elected to Eighty-ninth Congress in 
Special Election of February 5, 1966 to fill unexpired term of the late Herbert C. 
Bonner. Re-elected to Ninetieth Congress, November 8, 1966, to Ninety-first Con- 
gress, November 5, 1968, to Ninety-second Congress, November 3, 1970, and to 
the Ninety-third Congress on November 7, 1972. Ninety-fourth Congress on No- 
vember 5, 1974. Baptist; Deacon since 1945. Married Doris Long, April 26, 1934. 
Children : Mrs. Robert Moye and Walter B. Jones, II. Address: Farmville, N. C. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Agriculture 

Merchant Marine and Fisheries 



United States Government 251 

LAWRENCE H. FOUNTAIN 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Second District — Counties: Caswell, Edgecombe, Franklin, Granville, Hali- 
fax, Nash, Northampton, Orange, Person, Vance, Warren and Wilson. Population 
457,601.) 

L. H. Fountain, Democrat, was born in the village of Leggett, Edgecombe 
County, North Carolina, April 23, 1913. Son of the late Sallie (Barnes) and the 
late Lawrence H. Fountain. Educated in the public schools of Edgecombe County 
and at the University of North Carolina, A.B. and J.D. degrees. Active attorney- 
at-law from 1936 until elected to Congress. Member, local, and state Bar Associa- 
tions; Kiwanis, Farm Bureau, American Legion, Grange and Elks Clubs; Execu- 
tive Committee East Carolina Council Boy Scouts of America; retired Jaycee; 
Recipient, Distinguished Service Award, North Carolina Citizens Association, 
1971 ; Recipient, Distinguished Service Award, University of North Carolina 
School of Medicine, 1973; Reading Clerk North Carolina State Senate, 1936-1941; 
North Carolina State Senator, 1947-1952. World War II veteran of four years 
service. Elected to 83rd Congress; re-elected to 84th, 85th, 86th, 87th, 88th, 89th, 
90th, 91st, 92nd, 93rd and 94th Congresses. Member House Committees on Gov- 
ernment Operations (second ranking), and Foreign Affairs (fourth ranking); 
Chairman Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of Committee on Govern- 
ment Operations, and member of the following Foreign Affairs Subcommittees: 
International Organizations and Movements; Near East and South Asia; Na- 
tional Security and Scientific Developments; and Special Subcommittee for Review 
of Foreign Aid Programs. Presbyterian. Elder. Married Christine Dail of Mount 
Olive, N. C. One daughter, Nancy Dail Fountain. Address: Tarboro, N. C. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Foreign Affairs 

Government Operations 



United States Government 253 

DAVID NEWTON HENDERSON 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Third District — Counties: Bladen, Duplin, Harnett, Johnston, Lee, Onslow, 
Pender, Sampson, and Wayne. Population 458,000.) 

David Newton Henderson, Democrat, was born in Hubert, Onslow County, 
N. C, April 16, 1921. Attended Wallace High School, graduating in 1938; David- 
son College, B.S., 1942; University of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1949. 
Lawyer. Member Duplin County Bar Association. Assistant General Counsel for 
Committee on Education and Labor, U. S. House of Representatives, 1951-1952; 
Solicitor Duplin County General County Court, 1953-1956; Judge Duplin County 
General County Court, 1956-1960. Elected to 87th Congress, November 8, 1960; 
re-elected November 6, 1962, November 3, 1964, November 8, 1966, November 5, 
1968, November 3, 1970 and November 7, 1972, November 5, 1974. Chairman House 
Committee on Post Office and Civil Service; Committee on Public Works; Chair- 
man, Subcommittee on Manpower and Civil Service. Member Lions Club, past 
President and Past Deputy District Governor; Wallace Volunteer Fire Department 
(active for 11 years) ; Wallace Squadron Civil Air Patrol, Legal Officer; Wallace 
American Legion Post No. 156; English-Brown Post 9161, V.F.W. Member and 
past Master, Wallace Masonic Lodge, 32nd degree Mason. Commissioned Second 
Lieutenant in U. S. Air Force and served overseas in India, China, and Okinawa; 
discharged with rank of Major in 1946. Member Wallace Presbyterian Church. 
Married Mary Wellons Knowles of Wallace, N. C, December 11, 1942. Children: 
David Bruce, Wiley Bryant, Wimbric Boney. Address: Wallace, N. C. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Post Office and Civil Service 

Public Works 



United States Government 255 

IKE FRANKLIN ANDREWS 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Fourth District— Counties: Chatham, Durham, Randolph and Wake. Pop- 
ulation 467,046.) 

Ike Franklin Andrews, Democrat ,of Chatham County, was born in Bonlee, 
Chatham County, N. C, September 2, 1925. Son of Archie Franklin and Ina (Dun- 
lap) Andrews. Attended Bonlee High School, 1931-1941; Fork Union Military 
Academy, Fork Union, Va., 1941-1942; Mars Hill College, 1942-1943; University 
of North Carolina, 1946-1952, B.S. and LL.B. degrees. Lawyer. Member North 
Carolina State Bar; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar Association; 
District Bar Association Executive Committee, 1958-1959; N. C. Bar Association 
Standing Committee on Legislation and Law Reform; N. C. Judicial Council, 1959- 
1961. President Junior Chamber of Commerce, member Board of Trustees, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina since 1959 and member of the Executive Committee 
since 1969; presently serving as Chairman of the Chancellor Election Committee 
of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Board of Directors, Siler 
City Chamber of Commerce; Board of Trustees and Executive Committee, Chat- 
ham Hospital; Executive Committee Occoneechee Council, Boy Scouts of America; 
Chairman Chatham District, Boy Scouts of America; Chatham County Civil 
Defense; American Legion Oratorical Contest. Young Man of the Year, Siler 
City, 1958. Solicitor, Tenth-A District, July 1981-December, 1962. Elected Poet 
Laureate of the Senate, 1959. Field Artillery Forward Observer, United States 
Army, 1943-1945, Master Sergeant; awarded Bronze Star and Purple Heart, 
European Theatre, World War II. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1959; 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1961, 1967, 1969 and 1971. He served 
as Democratic Majority Leader, Chairman of the Rules Committee and as Speaker 
pro tempore during the latter session. Chairman, Board of Deacons, First Baptist 
Church of Siler City. Married Jo Anne Johnson, September 13, 1947. Two daugh- 
ters: Alice Cecelia and Nina Patricia. Address : Siler City, N. C. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 
Education and Labor 



United States Government 257 

STEPHEN LYBROOK NEAL 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

Fifth District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe, Davidson, Forsyth, Stokes, Surry, 
and Wilkes. Population, 462,401.) 

Stephen Lybrook Neal, Democrat, was born in Winston-Salem, N. C, No- 
vember 7, 1934. Son of Charles Herbert and Mary Martha (Lybrook) Neal. At- 
tended University of California at Santa Barbara and Univei'sity of Hawaii, A.B. 
(Psychology), 1959. Publisher of a Weekly Newspaper; President of Corporations 
which publish weeklies; president of one printing company. Member of N. C. 
Press Association, National Newspaper Association, International Newspaper 
Promotion Association, and Sigma Delta Chi. Elected to U. S. House of Repre- 
sentatives, 1974. Member of Episcopal Church. Married Rachel Landis Miller 
Neal, June 6, 1963. Two children: Mary Piper Neal, 9, and Stephen L. Neal, Jr., 
7. Address: 604 Archer Road, Winston-Salem, N. C. 27106. 



United States Government 259 

LUNSFORD RICHARDSON PREYER 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Sixth District — Counties: Alamance, Guilford and Rockingham. Population 
457,354.) 

Lunsford Richardson Preyer, Democrat, was born in Greensboro, N. C., Jan- 
uary 11, 1919. Son of W. Y., Sr., and Mary Norris (Richardson) Preyer. Attended 
Greensboro Schools, Woodberry Forest School, 1934-1937; Princeton University, 
A.B., 1941; Harvard Law School, L.L.B., 1949. Lawyer in Greensboro from 1950 
until July, 1956 when appointed to N. C. Superior Court. City Judge, 1953-54; 
appointed Federal Judge of the Middle District Court in October, 1961 ; September, 
1963, resigned Judgeship to become candidate for Governor of N. C; November, 
1964 became Senior Vice President and Trust Officer of N. C. National Bank, 
Greensboro, N. C. ; May, 1966 became City Executive for Greensboro of N. C. 
National Bank. Chairman, N. C. Citizens Committee for Better Schools, 1963-64; 
Chairman, Board of Visitors, Davidson College; member Board of Trustees, St. 
Andrews College, member Board of Visitors, Wake Forest Law School ; Trustee, 
Glade Valley School, 1967; Trustee, N. C. Foundation for Mental Health Research, 
Inc.; Chairman, N. C. Trade Fair Mission to Europe, 1962; member N. C. Pro- 
bation Commission, 1960-62. United States Jr. Chamber of Commerce award as 
"Greensboro's Young Man of the Year," 1954; Commissioner of Greensboro Little 
League and Pony League Baseball programs; Vice-Chairman of Trustees, L. 
Richardson Memorial Hospital; Chairman of successful drive to raise funds to 
build Cerebral Palsy School Building in Greensboro, 1953 ; general Chairman YM- 
YWCA Capital Fund Drive, 1967; former Chairman Operation DARE (Down- 
town Area Renewal) ; Boy Scouts, Honorary Member of National Council; Inter- 
Club Council's Outstanding Civic Leader of the Year Award, 1968. Elected to 
91st Congress, November 5, 1968 to 92nd Congress, November 3, 1970, to the 
93rd Congress on November 7, 1972 and to the 94th Congress on November 5, 1974. 
Served in U. S. Navy (Lt. USNR). Four years on destroyer duty in Atlantic and 
South Pacific as Torpedo Officer, Gunnery Officer and Executive Officer, World 
War II ; awarded Bronze Star for action in Okinawa. Member First Presbyterian 
Church of Greensboro, Elder and former Clerk of Session for the Church and a 
teacher of the Men's Bible Class. Married Emily Irving Harris of Greensboro. 
Five children: L. Richardson Preyer, Jr., Mary Norris Preyer, Britt Armfield 
Preyer, Jane Bethell Preyer, Emily Harris Preyer. Address: 603 Sunset Drive, 
Greensboro, N. C. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Internal Security 

Interstate and Foreign Commerce 



United States Government 261 

CHARLES GRANDISON ROSE, III 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Seventh District — Counties: Brunswick, Columbus, Cumberland, Hoke, New 
Hanover and Robeson. Population, 467,476.) 

Charles Grandison Rose, III, Democrat, was born in Fayetteville August 10, 
1939. Son of Charles G. Rose and Frances Duckworth Rose. Graduated Fayette- 
ville High School, 1957; Davidson College, 1969, B.A.; University of North Caro- 
lina Law School, 1964, LL.B. Attorney. Member Cumberland County Bar Associa- 
tion and North Carolina State Bar. Editor, Davidson College yearbook. Chief 
District Court Prosecutor, 12th Judicial District, 1967-70. Member First Presby- 
terian Church, Fayetteville; Sunday school teacher. Married Sara Richardson 
June 30, 1962. One son : Charles G. Rose, IV, a daughter, Sara Louise. Address: 
9500 Spinet Court, Vienna, Virginia. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Agriculture 

House Recording Studio 



United States Government 263 

WILLIAM G. HEFNER 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Eighth District — Counties: Anson, Cabarrus, Davie, Montgomery, Moore, 
Richmond, Rowan, Scotland, Stanly, Union and Yadkin. Population, 

William G. (Bill) Hefner, Democrat, was born in Elora, Tennessee, April 
11, 1930. President of WRKB Radio Station, Kannapolis, N. C. Entertainer- 
Harvesters Quartet; Television performer. Member Board of Directors, Cabarrus 
County Chapter of American Cancer Society; member Board of Directors of 
Cabarrus County Boys Club; member Board of Directors of Cabarrus County 
Humane Society; President of Odell School PTA ; Publicity Committee for Cabar- 
rus County United Appeal; member of Concord Noon Optimist Club. Elected to 
U. S. House of Representatives, 1974. Member North Kannapolis Baptist Church. 
Married Nancy Hefner of Gadsden, Alabama. Two children : Stacye Hefner, 15, 
and Shelly Hefner, 12. Address Rt. #1, Concord, N. C. 28025. 




i 




United States Government 265 

JAMES GRUBBS MARTIN 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Ninth District— Counties: Iredell, Lincoln and Mecklenburg. Population, 
459,535.) 

James Grubbs Martin, Republican, was born in Savannah, Georgia December 
11, 1935. Son of Reverend Arthur M. Martin and Mary Julia Grubbs Martin. 
Graduated Mt. Zion Institute, Winnsboro, S. C., 1953; Davidson College, 1957, 
B.S.; Princeton University, 1960, Ph.D. in Chemistry. Associate Professor of 
Chemistry, Davidson College. Member Beta Theta Pi (social) Fraternity; Na- 
tional Vice President, 1966-69. Former member of Charlotte Symphony, 1962-66. 
Mecklenburg County Commissioner, 1966-72, Chairman, 1967-68 and 1970-71. 
President of N. C. Association of County Commissioners, 1970-71. Founder and 
first chairman of Centralina Council of Governments, 1968-70; vice-president of 
National Association of Regional Councils, 1969-71. Elected to 93rd Congress, 
November 1972. Presbyterian; deacon, 1969-71. Mason. Married Dorothy Ann 
McAulay June 1, 1957. Three children: Jimmy, age 14, Emily, age 12, and Benson, 
age 3. Address: Box 697, Davidson. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Interior and Insular Affairs 

Science and Astronautics 



United States Government 267 

JAMES THOMAS BROYHILL 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Tenth District — Counties: Alexander, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cleveland, 
Gaston and Watauga. Population, 471,777.) 

James Thomas Broyhill, Republican, was born in Lenoir, N. C, August 19, 
1927. Son of James Edgar and Satie Leona (Hunt) Broyhill. Attended Lenoir 
Public Schools 1933-1946; graduated Lenoir High School, 1946; University of 
North Carolina, 1950, B.S. degree in Commerce. Before election to Congress was 
a furniture manufacturer; member Southern Furniture Manufacturers Associa- 
tion; North Carolina Forestry Association; Industrial Planning Committee of 
the North West North Carolina Development Association ; past President and 
member of the Board of the Lenoir Chamber of Commerce; past member of City 
of Lenoir Recreation Commission; City of Lenoir Planning and Zoning Commis- 
sion; Treasurer Caldwell County Republican Executive Committee. Young Man 
of the Year Award, Lenoir and Caldwell County, 1957. Honorary Doctor of Laws 
degree from Catawba College, Salisbury, North Carolina, 1966. Currently serves 
on Board of Advisors, Lees-McRae College, Banner Elk, N. C. and Board of 
Trustees, Wake Forest University. Member Hibriten Lodge No. 262, A.F. & A.M.; 
Oasis Temple of the Shrine; Loyal Order of the Moose, Lodge No. 385. Elected 
to 88th Congress, Nov. 6, 1962; and succeeding Congresses. Now serving 7th 
term. Member of Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee of the House of 
Representatives, House Budget Committee, and the Select Committee on Small 
Business. Member First Baptist Church of Lenoir, N. C. Married Louise Horton 
Robbins, Durham, N. C, June 2, 1951. Children 1 Marilyn Louise, born Oct. 15, 
1952; James Edgar, II, born July 23, 1954; Philip Robbins, born May 16, 1956. 
Address: Lenoir, N. C. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Interstate and Foreign Commerce 

Joint Study Committee on Budget Control 

Select Committee on Small Business 



United States Government 269 

ROY A. TAYLOR 

UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE 

(Eleventh District — Counties: Avery, Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, 
Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, McDowell, Macon, Madison, Mitchell, Polk, Ruther- 
ford, Swain, Transylvania, and Yancey. Population, 467,051.) 

Roy A. Taylor, Democrat, was born in Vader, Washington, January 31, 1910. 
Attended the public schools of Buncombe County; Asheville-Biltmore College; 
Maryville College; Asheville University Law School. Admitted to the Bar in 
January of 1936. Buncombe County Attorney, 1949-1960. Member Board of Trust- 
ees, of Asheville-Biltmore College, 1949-1960; Lions Club, District Governor, 
1952. Navy Combat Veteran World War II; served as Commanding Officer of 
L. S. T. and discharged with rank of Lieutenant. Representative in the North 
Carolina General Assembly, 1947, 1949, 1951, and 1953. Elected to the 86th Con- 
gress, June 25, 1969; re-elected to 87th Congress, November 8, 1960, 88th Con- 
gress, November 6, 1962, to 89th Congress, November 3, 1964, to 94th Congress, 
November 8, 1966, to 91st Congress, November 5, 1968, to 92nd Congress, No- 
vember 3, 1970, and to 93rd Congress, November 7, 1972 and to 94th Congress, 
November 5, 1974. Chairman Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation. 
Baptist; Deacon. Married Evelyn Reeves. Two children: Alan F. Taylor and 
Mrs. Toni Taylor Robinson. Address: Black Mountain, N. C. 

COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS: 

Foreign Affairs 

Interior and Insular Affairs 





** Sh. 



United States Government 271 

THE UNITED STATES COURT SYSTEM 
THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT 

Warren E. Burger Chief Justice Minnesota 

Potter Stewart Associate Justice Ohio 

William H. Rehnquist Associate Justice Arizona 

Byron R. White Associate Justice Colorado 

William 0. Douglas Associate Justice Connecticut 

Thurgood Marshall Associate Justice New York 

William J. Brennan, Jr Associate Justice New Jersey 

Lewis F. Powell, Jr Associate Justice Virginia 

Harry A. Blackmun Associate Justice Minnesota 

UNITED STATES FOURTH CIRCUIT COURT 

OF APPEALS 

James B. Craven, Jr Judge Morganton 

JUDGES 

Eastern District Algernon L. Butler, Chief Judge Clinton 

John D. Larkins, Jr., Judge Trenton 

Franklin T. Dupree, Jr., Judge Raleigh 

Middle District Eugene A. Gordon, Chief Judge Burlington 

Hiram H. Ward Denton 

Western District Woodrow W. Jones, Chief Judge Asheville 

James B. McMillan, Judge Charlotte 

Wilson Warlick, Senior Judge Newton 

CLERKS 

Eastern District Samuel A. Howard Raleigh 

Middle District Carmon J. Stuart Greensboro 

Western District J. Toliver Davis Asheville 

UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS 

Eastern District Warren H. Coolidge Fayetteville 

Middle District William L. Osteen Greensboro 

Western District Keith S. Snyder Lenior 



United States Government 273 

JAMES BRAXTON CRAVEN, JR. 

JUDGE, UNITED STATES FOURTH CIRCUIT OF APPEALS 

James Braxton Craven, Jr. was born in Lenoir, North Carolina April 3, 1918, 
the son of James Braxton and Katherine Simmons Craven. Received degrees, 
Duke University, A.B., 1939; LL.B., Harvard, 1942. Admitted North Carolina 
Bar, 1946; Solicitor, Burke County, Criminal Court, 1947; Assistant United States 
Attorney, Justice Department, Charlotte-Asheville, North Carolina, 1948-1952; 
Judge, North Carolina Superior Court, Morganton, 1956-1961; Judge, United 
States District Court, Western District North Carolina, 1961-1966; Judge, United 
States 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, 1966—. Served United States Naval Re- 
serve, 1942-1946. Visiting professor in Constitutional Law, University of North 
Carolina Law School, Summers 1967, 1970; Visiting Professor on Federal Courts, 
University of Texas Law School, Austin, Texas, summer, 1968. Member American 
Judicature Society; American Law Institute; Order of Coif, Phi Beta Kappa, 
Omicron Delta Kappa. Trustee, Duke University. Married Jean Bible, August 
15, 1952. Children: James Braxton, III, Stephen K., and Elizabeth Bible. Office: 
P. 0. Drawer 491, Asheville, N. C. 28802. 



United States Government 275 

ALGERNON LEE BUTLER 

CHIEF JUDGE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 
EASTERN DISTRTCT— NORTH CAROLINA 

Algernon Lee Butler, Republican, was born in Clinton, N. C, August 2, 1905. 
Son of George Edwin Butler and Eva Boykin Lee Butler. Attended Duke Univer- 
sity and University of North Carolina. (Law School UNC) Member of Sampson 
County Bar Association, President in 1958; member Sixth District Bar Associa- 
tion, President in 1953; Member N. C. Bar Association; member American Bar 
Association; and member of Sigma Nu. Member of N. C. General Assembly, 
Sampson County, 1931. Elected Eastern District Court Judge. Member St. Pauls 
Episcopal Church; former Senior Warden of Vestry. Married Josephine Lydia 
Broadwell, June 5, 1935. Three Children: Eva Josephine Daniel (Mrs. Louis B. 
Daniel, Jr.), Algeron L. Butler, Jr. and George Edwin Butler II. Address: 403 
Butler Drive, Clinton, N. C. 28328. 



JOHN DAVIS LARKINS, JR. 

JUDGE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 
EASTERN DISTRICT— NORTH CAROLINA 

John Davis Larkins, Jr., Democrat, was born in Morristown, Tennessee, June 
8, 1909. Son of Charles H. Larkins and Mamie Dorsett Larkins. Foster son of 
John Davis Larkins and Emma Cooper Larkins. Attended schools in Cedartown, 
Georgia, 1914-1920; Fayetteville, N. C, 1920-1922; Hazelhurst, Georgia, 1922- 
1924; Greensboro, N. C. 1924-25. Wake Forest (College) University, B.A. 1929. 
Attended Wake Forest University Law School, 1929-30. Member North Carolina 
State Bar; Member American Bar, Member Federal Bar. Received Distinguished 
Service Award, American Cancer Society; Received Distinguishd Alumni Award, 
Wake Forest University. Private, US Army, 1945. Served as State Senator, 1936, 
1937, 1938, 1939, 1941; President Pro Tern, 1943, 1949, 1951, 1953; State Chair- 
man-Secretary of Democratic Executive Committee 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958; Na- 
tional Committeeman, 1958, 1960. Elected US District Judge. Baptist. Chairman 
of Board of Deacons, 1930, 1960. Married Pauline A. Murrell Larkins, March 13, 
1930. Two children: Emma Sue (Mrs. D. H. Loften) and Paulene (Mrs. J. H. 
Bearden). Address: Federal Building, Trenton, N. C. 28583. 



United States Government 277 

FRANKLIN TAYLOR DUPREE, JR. 

JUDGE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 
EASTERN DISTRICT— NORTH CAROLINA 

Franklin Taylor Dupree, Jr., Republican, was born in Angier, N. C, October 
18, 1913. Son of Franklin T. Dupree, Sr. and Elizabeth Mason (Wells) Dupree. 
Attended Angier High School 1925-28; Campbell College High School 1928-29. 
Graduated University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1933, A.B.; University of 
North Carolina Law School, 1936, LL.B. Member Wake County Bar Association; 
North Carolina Bar Asssociation; American Bar Association; American Judicature 
Society; Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. US District Judge 1970. Served 
US Navy, Lieutenant, 1943-46. Member Hayes Barton Baptist Church. Married 
Rosalyn Dupree, December 30, 1939. Two Daughters: Elizabeth D. DeMent, born 
October 17, 1940; Nancy D. Miller, Born August 10, 1942. Address: P. O. Box 
27585, Raleigh, N. C. 27611; 713 Westwood Dr., Raleigh, N. C. 27607. 



EUGENE ANDREW GORDON 

CHIEF JUDGE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 
MIDDLE DISTRICT— NORTH CAROLINA 

Eugene Andrew Gordon, Democrat, was born in Brown Summit, N. C, July 
10, 1917. Son of Charles Robert Gordon and Carrie Scott Gordon. Graduated Elon 
College, 1939, A.B.; Duke University Law School, 1941, L.L.B. Member of Ameri- 
can Judicature Society. Member Federal Bar Association ; Member American Bar 
Association; Member N. C. Bar Association. Member Phi Delta Phi International 
Legal Fraternity. Captain, Field Artillery January 4, 1942-May 1, 1946. Elected 
Chief Judge U. S. District Court — Middle, N. C. Member Starmount Presbyterian 
Church. Married Virginia Stoner Gordon, January 1, 1943. Two children: Eugene 
Andrew Gordon, May 1, 1948; Rosemary Ann Gordon, born July 2, 1953. Address: 
P. O. Box 3283, Greenssboro, N. C. 27410. 



United States Government 279 

HIRAM HAMILTON WARD 

JUDGE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 
MIDDLE DISTRICT— NORTH CAROLINA 

Hiram Hamilton Ward was born in Thomasville, N. C, April 29, 1923. Son of 
0. L. Ward and Margaret A. (Lowdermilk) Ward. Attended Denton High School; 
Wake Forest University. Graduated Wake Forest University School of Law, 1950, 
J.D. Member American Judicature Society; American Bar Association; North 
Carolina Bar Association. Member Mason; Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity. 
Served U. S. Air Force, October 4, 1940-May 20, 1945; Pilot and Lt. Col., Civil 
Air Patrol. Served 3 terms N. C. State Board of Elections 1964-1972; Chairman 
Federal Land Condemnation Commission 1964-65. U. S. District Judge July 12, 
1972. Member Baptist Church; Deacon; Sunday School Teacher; Trustee Liberty 
Baptist Association ; Trustee Wingate College. Married Evelyn McDaniel Ward, 
June 1, 1947. Two sons: William M. Ward, born March 17, 1951; James Randolph 
Ward, April 8, 1953. Address: P. 0. Box 325, Denton, N. C. 27239. 



WOODROW WILSON JONES 

CHIEF JUDGE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 
WESTERN DISTRICT— NORTH CAROLINA 

Woodrow Wilson Jones, Democrat, was born near Rutherfordton, N. C, Jan- 
uary 26, 1914. Son of Bernard B. Jones and Karl Jane Nanney Jones. Attended 
Public Schools of Rutherford County from 1920-1932. Graduated Mars Hill Col- 
lege, May 1934, A.S.; Wake Forest University Law School, June, 1937, LL.B. 
Member North Carolina Bar Association ; Member American Beer Association ; 
Member Rutherford County Bar Assosciation. President Rutherford County Bar 
Association 1946. Presented Outstanding Service Award by Rutherfordton Lions 
Club, October 23, 1950. Director Citizens Federal Savings & Loan Association of 
Rutherfordton 1957-1967; Director Union Trust Company of Shelby 1960-1967. 
Awarded Special Citation for outstanding service by Gardner- Webb College, May 
12, 1965; Member Board of Trustees for Gardner-Webb College. Former member 
and president, Rutherfordton Kiwanis Club ; former director and member, Ruther- 
fordton Chamber of Commerce. Engaged in private practice Law in Rutherford- 
ton, August 1937-August 1967; Served 2 years United States Naval Reserves; 6 
years as member of Congress. Served as Solicitor of Recorder's Court of Ruther- 
ford County, January 1, 1941-December 6, 1943; member House of Representatives 
of N. C. General Assembly 1947-1949 sessions; member 81st, 82nd, 83rd, 84th Con- 
gressses of U. S. from 11th Congressional District; November 7, 1950-January 3, 
1957; Chairman North Carolina Democratic Executive Committee, 1938-1960. 
Elected as Chief Judge U. S. District Court. Member First Baptist Church, 
Rutherfordton, N. C; teacher and deacon. Married Rachel Phelps, November 22, 
1936. Two children: W. Wilson Jones, Jr., born March 7, 1940; Michael A. Jones, 
Born March 12, 1942. Address : 1018 North Main Street, Rutherfordton, N. C. 
28139. 



United States Government 281 

JAMES BRYAN McMILLAN 

JUDGE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 
MIDDLE DISTRICT— NORTH CAROLINA 

James Bryan McMillan, Democrat, was born in Goldsboro, N. C, December 
19, 1916. Son of Robert Hunter McMillan and Sarah Outlaw McMillan. Attended 
Public Schools of Lumberton, N. C. Attended Presbyterian Junior College (now 
St. Andrews), 1932-34, Associate of Arts Degree. Graduated University of North 
Carolina, 1935-37, A.M.; Harvard Law School, J.D., 1940. Member Mecklenburg 
County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar As- 
sociation; North Carolina State Bar, Inc.; American Judicature Society. Fellow, 
International Academy of Trial Lawyers, President North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion 1960-61; President Mecklenburg Bar Association 1957-58; President St. An- 
drews Alumni Association 1965-66; Member Board of Visitors Davidson College. 
Member Omicron Delta Kappa; Davidson; Order of The Golden Fleece, University 
of N. C. at Chapel Hill. Served U. S. Navy February 19, 1942-January, 1946. 
Author of opinions and orders in numerous district court and a few Circuit Court 
of Appeals Cases. Served as Chairman for Precinct 15 from about 1948 to about 
1964. Elected to U. S. District Court. Member First Presbyterian Church; Deacon 
1957-63; Treasurer 1962-63; Ruling Elder 1963-71, 1975-83. Married Margaret 
Blair Miles, February 27, 1944. Tv/o children: James Bryan McMillan, Jr., born 
June 19, 1946; Marjorie Miles McMillan Rodell, born August 26, 1950. Address: 
1930 Mecklenburg Avenue, Charlotte, N. C. 28205. 



WILSON WARLICK 

JUDGE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 
WESTERN DISTRICT— NORTH CAROLINA 

Wilson Warlick, Democrat, was born in Newton, N. C, March 8, 1892. Son 
of Thomas M. Warlick and Martha Elizabeth Wilson Warlick. Attended Public 
Schools of Hickory 1898-1904; Hown's School for Boys 1904-1905; Professor 
Barb's School for Boys 1905-1906; Lenoir Rhyne College 1907-1908. Graduated 
Catawba College, B.S., 1910; University of North Carolina Law School, 1911, 
1912, 1913, LL.B. Member N. C. Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; Catawba 
County YMCA; Catawba County Historical Association. Received Honorary LL.D 
Catawba College 1936. Member Mason; Moose; Elk; American Legion; V.F.W.; 
WWI, and 40 & 8. Member Catawba County Country Club; Sons American Rev- 
olution; Hound Ears. Served G-2 SOS - American Expeditionary Forces France 
and AFC Intelligence Section - Cops of Intelligence Police; 1917-1918-1919. Served 
as Judge Superior Court, 16th Judicial District January 1, 1931-February 13, 
1949. Appointed Life Commission February 2, 1949. Member Presbyterian Church; 
Elder late 1930's to late 1960's. Married Kittie Reed Hipp, October 24, 1925. Two 
children: Martha Reed Warlick (Mrs. William John Brame) ; Thomas Wilson 
Warlick. Address: Box 6, Newton, N. C. 28658. 



PART V 
NORTH CAROLINA GOVERNMENT 



North Carolina Government 285 

INTRODUCTION 



Under provisions in the Constitution of North Carolina, the three major 
branches of state government — legislative, executive and judicial — are "distinct 
and separate from each other" (Article T, Section 6). This separation of powers 
has been a primary principal of government since our independence. In the nearly 
two hundred years since the forming of the State of North Carolina, many 
changes have occurred in her governmental organization. North Carolina state 
and local government has grown from a small, ill-funded endeavor of a few hundred 
"employees" in 1776, to a multi-billion dollar enterprise of nearly three hundred 
thousand "employees" in 1975. Along with this growth came many problems, most 
important of which was the existence of over 200 independent state agencies. As a 
result steps toward reorganizing state government, particularly the executive 
branch began to be formulated. 

STATE GOVERNMENT REORGANIZATION 

In a speech on October 27, 1967, Governor Dan K. Moore urged the North 
Carolina State Bar to take the lead in sponsoring a study to determine the need 
for revising or rewriting the Constitution of North Carolina. The Council of the 
North Carolina State Bar and the North Carolina Bar Association joined in ap- 
pointing a steering committee which selected twenty-five persons to constitute the 
North Carolina State Constitution Study Commission. The report of the commis- 
sion, submitted on December 16, 1968, contained a proposed amendment which 
would require the General Assembly to reduce the administrative departments of 
state government to 25 and authorize the governor to reorganize the administrative 
departments subject to legislative disapproval. 

The 1969 General Assembly submitted the proposed constitutional amend- 
ment to a vote of the people and also authorized the governor to begin a study of 
consolidation of state agencies and to prepare recommendations for the General 
Assembly. Governor Robert W. Scott established the State Government Reorgani- 
zation Study in October of 1969. Later, in May 1970, a fifty member citizens Com- 
mittee on State Government Reorganization was appointed by the governor to 
review the study and make specific recommendations. 

The constitutional amendment requiring the reduction of the number of state 
administrative departments to not more than 25 by 1975 was adopted in the Gen- 
eral Election on November 3, 1970, and the Committee on State Government Re- 
organization submitted its recommendations to the governor on February 4, 
1971. 

The committee recommended implementation of the amendment in two phases. 
Phase I would begin with general legislation in 1971 grouping agencies together in 
a limited number of functional departments. Phase II would consist of the period 
between 1971 and 1973 when the agencies would work together. Bills to revise the 
existing statutes would be drafted on the basis of the agencies' experience and 
presented to the 1973 General Assembly. 



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North Carolina Government 287 

With strong support from Governor Scott, the Executive Organization Act of 
1971 was ratified July 14, 1971. It created 19 principal offices and departments 
consisting of ten offices and departments headed by elected officials and nine other 
departments formed by the grouping of agencies along functional lines. The Act 
provided for two types of transfers to accomplish the first phase of reorganization. 
Under the Act a Type I transfer meant the transferring of all or part of an 
agency, including its statutory authority, powers and duties, to a principal depart- 
ment. A Type II transfer meant the transferring intact of an existing agency to a 
principal department with the transferring agency retaining its statutory author- 
ity and functions, except for management functions, which would be performed 
under the direction and supervision of the head of the principal department. 

All offices and departments called for by the Executive Organization Act of 
1971 were created by executive order of Governor Scott prior to the July 1, 1972 
deadline set by the Act. The principal offices and departments created were: 
Office of the Governor, Office of the Lieutenant Governor, Department of the Sec- 
retary of State, Department of the State Auditor, Department of State Treasurer, 
Department of Public Education, Department of Justice, Department of Agri- 
culture, Department of Labor, Department of Insurance, Department of Admini- 
stration, Department of Transportation and Highway Safety, Department of 
Natural and Economic Resources, Department of Human Resources, Department 
of Social Rehabilitation and Control (now Department of Correction), Depart- 
ment of Commerce, Department of Revenue, Department of Art, Culture and 
History (now Department of Cultural Resources), and Department of Military 
and Veterans' Affairs. By executive order issued June 26, 1972, an Executive 
Cabinet was formed consisting of the heads of these offices and departments. 
Meetings of the Cabinet have been a major tool in solving the problems of Phase 
II of reorganization. 





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Legislative Branch 289 

Chapter One 

THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH 



The general assembly is one of the oldest governmental bodies in North Caro- 
lina. According to tradition a "legislative assembly of free holders" met some- 
time in 1666; however, there is no extant proof that such a meeting took place. 
Actual provisions for a representative assembly did not exist prior to the adoption 
of the Concessions and Agreements of 1665. Then an unicameral body composed 
of the governor, his council, and "twelve men . . . chosen annually" sat as a legis- 
lature. This system of representation prevailed until 1070 when Albemarle County 
was divided in three "precincts" — Berkely, Carteret and Shaftsbury. At that time 
each precinct was apparently allowed five representatives. Around 1682, four new 
precincts were created from the original three as population and western expan- 
sion increased. The number of representatives allowed new precincts was usually 
two, althought some had more. Beginning with the Assembly of 1723, some of the 
larger, more important towns were allowed representatives. Edenton was the first, 
followed by Bath, New Bern, Wilmington, Brunswick, Halifax, Cambellton (now 
Fayetteville), Salisbury, Hillsborough and Tarborough (now Tarboro). By the 
middle of the eighteenth century, the term "precinct" had been replaced by 
"county" in reference to the geographical subdivisions. 

The unicameral form of the legislature continued until around 1697 when a 
bicameral form was adopted. The "upper house" was composed of the governor, or 
chief executive at the time, and his council; while the elected "precinct" represen- 
tative sat as the "lower house" or "House of Burgesses." The lower house could 
adopt its own rules of procedure and elect its own speaker and other officers; how- 
ever, it could only meet when the governor called it into session and only at a loca- 
tion designated by him. This did not prove a disadvantage since the lower house 
had "the power of the purse". As a result, the governor usually called them into 
session at least once during a biennium, and usually more often, in order that he 
might be paid his salary. Throughout the colonial period, this "power of the 
purse" was a source of constant controversy between the governor and the lower 
house, and the house used it effectively to increase its influence and prestige. 

In 1776, when our first State Constitution was adopted, the effects of the ex- 
ecutive-legislative conflicts of the colonial period were reflected in its provisions. 
The legislature was the primary organ of state government with control over all 
phases of government. Its most important power was its elective power, which 
provided that all officials in the executive and judicial branches would be elected 
by joint ballot of the two houses. This continued until 1835 when the governor be- 
came a popularly elected official; however, it was not until 1868, that the remain- 
ing executive officials and the judiciary were popularly elected. 



290 North Carolina Manual 

The Constitution of 1776 provided for a bicameral legislature, both elected by 
the people. The senate was composed of one representative from each county; and 
the house of commons was composed of two representatives from each county and 
one from each town listed in the Constitution. This arrangement continued until 
1835 when several amendments were adopted affecting the general assembly. The 
membership of the senate was set at fifty and the state was divided into districts 
with representation based on the population of the district. The membership of 
the house of commons was set at 120 with repi-esentation based on the population 
of the county in accordance with provisions set forth in the amendment; however, 
each county was entitled to at least one representative. Provisions were made so 
that future representation would be based on the federal census taken every ten 
years. 

In 1868, a new constitution was adopted which changed the name of the 
"house of commons" to the "house of representatives" and eliminated the pre- 
viously unfair "property qualifications" for holding office. Also the current or- 
ganizational structure with the lieutenant governor as president of the senate 
and provisions for the election of a president pro tempore came into existance. 

In 1966, the house of representatives adopted a district setup similar to that 
used by the senate. Today, the general assembly is the legislative branch of state 
government; it is equal with, but independent of, the executive and judicial 
branches. The legislative body is composed of two chambers, the senate and the 
house of representatives, which convene in odd-year biennial sessions on the first 
Wednesday after the second Monday in January. (By parliamentary means, the 
general assembly may divide the biennial session into annual segments.) The 
senate has fifty members and the house has 120 members, all of whom are elected 
biennially from districts containing approximately equal populations. However, 
one of the distinct disadvantages of the district system, particularly as it relates 
to the house of representatives, is that an increasingly large number of counties 
are without a "resident" legislator. 

As the legislative branch of government, the general assembly has three ma- 
jor functions: to enact general and local laws governing the affairs of the state, 
to provide and allocate funds for operating the government by enacting tax and 
appropriation laws, and to conduct investigations into such operations of the state 
as it deems necessary for regulation and funding. The main work of the general 
assembly, is the enactment of substantive legislation. 

Much of the legislative work of the general assembly is done in committees, 
composed of members of the respective houses. Senate Committees are appointed 
by the lieutenant governor, who serves as presiding officer of the senate (President 
of the Senate) ; House Committees are appointed by the Speaker of the House, 
who is elected from among the membership of the house of representatives. 

Administrative authority for the general assembly is vested in the Legislative 
Services Commission. The president pro tempore of the senate and the speaker 
of the house are ex officio chairmen of the Services Commission; each appoints 
six members from his respective house to serve on the commission. The Services 
Commission employs a legislative services officer as chief staff officer, a director of 
fiscal research to deal with money matters, and a director of research to handle all 



Legislative Branch 291 

other informational needs. The Legislative Research Commission is separated 
from the Legislative Services Commission, and its authority is limited to research 
projects. Again, the president pro tempore and the Speaker are ex officio chair- 
men of the Research Commission; each appoints five members to sit on this com- 
mission. 

The staff and elective officers of the general assembly assist the membership 
in accomplishing legislative tasks. The Legislative Services Commission is re- 
sponsible for general and fiscal research, disbursing supplies and materials, pro- 
duction and storage of legislative documents, personnel management, supervision 
and maintenance of the legislative building, contracting for services, and pay- 
ment of accounts. The commission employs a staff, directed by the legislative ser- 
vices officer, to carry out these functions. The Legislative Research Commission 
produces extensive study documents and drafts legislation for consideration by 
the general assembly; special study commissions are set up to investigate difficult 
or technical subjects for later reports to the legislature. In addition, standing 
committees of the general assembly have been authorized to meet during interim 
periods to carry on committee business and to conduct related studies. The Ser- 
vices Commission provides, or arranges, for staff assistance to the Research Com- 
mission and standing committees and coordinates staff work with the special com- 
missions. 





PRESIDED 



Legislative Branch 293 

NORTH CAROLINA SENATE 1975 SESSION 

(Democratic Unless Indicated Otherwise) 

Officers 

President James B. Hunt, Jr Lucama 

President Pro Tern John T. Henley Hope Mills 

Principal Clerk Roy Rowe Burgaw 

Reading Clerk LeRoy Clark, Jr Raleigh 

Sergeant-at-Arms Vinson Bridges, Jr Raleigh 

SENATORS 

(Alphabetically Arranged) 

Name County District Address Seat 

Alexander, Fred D. Mecklenburg 22nd Charlotte 11 

Alford, Dallas Nash 7th Rocky Mount 9 

Allsbrook, Julian R Halifax 6th Roanoke Rapids 1 

Bahakel, Cy N Mecklenburg 22nd Matthews 10 

Barker, Bobby L Wake 14th Raleigh 18 

Britt, Luther J., Jr Robeson 12th Lumberton 27 

Childers, Jack Davidson 21st Lexington 37 

Combs, Bobby Lee Catawba 23rd Hickory 43 

Crawford, I. C Buncombe 26th Asheville 13 

Daniels, Melvin R., Jr Pasquotank 1st Elizabeth City 26 

Davis, E. Lawrence Forsyth 20th Winston-Salem 50 

Garrison, James B Stanly 17th Albemarle 17 

Gudger, Lamar Buncombe 26th Asheville 14 

Hardison, Harold W Lenoir 5th Deep Run 8 

Harrington, J. J Bertie 1st Lewiston 25 

Harris, Ollie Cleveland 25th Kings Mountain 42 

Henley, John T Cumberland 10th Hope Mills 7 

Hill, Cecil Transylvania 27th Brevard 32 

Jernigan, Glenn R Cumberland 10th Fayetteville 23 

Kincaid, Donald R. (R) Caldwell 24th Lenoir 39 

Kirby, J. Russell Wilson 7th Wilson 3 

Lackey, Pleas Alexander 23rd Hiddenite 48 

McDuffie, Jim Mecklenburg 22nd Charlotte 31 

Marion, George W., Jr Surry 15th Dobson 15 

Mauney, W. K., Jr Cleveland 25th Kings Mountain 16 

Mills, W. D Onslow 3rd Maysville 30 

Moore, Herman A Mecklenburg 22nd Charlotte 12 

Nye, Edd Bladen 11th Elizabethtown 35 

Odom, Mary Home Scotland 17th Wagram 44 

Palmer, Joe H Haywood 27th Clyde 33 

Rauch, Marshall A Gaston 25th Gastonia 4 

Renfrow, Edward Johnston 9th Smithfield 20 

Royall, Kenneth C, Jr Durham 13th Durham 46 

Scott, Ralph H Alamance 18th Haw River 24 

Sebo, Katherine H Guilford 19th Greensboro 45 

Smith, Lynwood Guilford 19th High Point 22 

Smith, McNeill Guilford 19th Greensboro 29 



294 North Carolina Manual 

Smith. William G. New Hanover 4th Wilmington 34 

Stalling*, D. Livingstone Craven 2nd New Bern 21 

Staton, William W. Lee .... 14th Sanford 6 

Strickland, Thomas E Wayne .... 8th Goldsboro 5 

Suddarth, Tom Davidson ...21st Lexington 38 

Totherow, Carl D. . ..Forsyth 20th Winston-Salem 49 

Vickery, Charles E. . Orange 16th.. Chapel Hill . .....41 

Walker Russell Randolph ..16th Asheboro 40 

Walsh, Wade .. Caldwell.. 24th Lenoir 30 

Webster, Wesley D. Rockingham ..15th... Madison 28 

Whichard, Willis P Durham 13th Durham 47 

White, Vernon E Pitt 6th Winterville 2 

Winters, John W Wake 14th Raleigh 19 



Legislative Branch 295 

SENATORS 

(Arranged by Districts) 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name Address 

1st J. J. (Monk) Harrington Lewiston 

1st Melvin R. Daniels, Jr Elizabeth City 

2nd D. Livingstone Stallings New Bern 

3rd W. D. (Billy) Mills Maysville 

4th William G. Smith Wilmington 

5th Harold W. Hardison Deep Run 

6th Julian R. Allsbrook Roanoke Rapids 

6th Vernon E. White Winterville 

7th Dallas Alford Rocky Mount 

7th J. Russell Kirby Wilson 

8th Thomas E. Strickland Goldsboro 

9th Edward Renfrow Smithfield 

10th John T. Henley Hope Mills 

10th Glenn R. Jernigan Fayetteville 

11th Edd Nye Elizabethtown 

12th Luther J. Britt, Jr Lumberton 

13th Kenneth C. Royall, Jr Durham 

13th Willis P. Whichard Durham 

14th William W. Staton Sanford 

14th Bobby Barker Raleigh 

14th John W. Winters Raleigh 

15th Wesley D. Webster Madison 

15th George W. Marion, Jr Dobson 

16th Charles F. Vickery Chapel Hill 

16th Russell Walker Asheboro 

17th Mary Home Odom Wagram 

17th James B. Garrison Albemarle 

18th Ralph H. Scott Haw River 

19th Lynwood Smith High Point 

19th Katherine H. Sebo Greensboro 

19th McNeill Smith Greensboro 

20th Carl D. Totherow Winston-Salem 

20th E. Lawrence Davis Winston-Salem 

21st Jack Childers Lexington 

21st Tom Suddarth Lexington 

22nd Fred D. Alexander Charlotte 

22nd Cy N. Bahakel Matthews 

22nd Jim McDuffie Charlotte 

22nd Herman Moore Charlotte 

23rd Pleas (Red) Lackey Hiddenite 

23rd Bobby Lee Combs Hickory 

24th Donald R. Kincaid (R) Lenoir 

24th Wade Walsh . Lenoir 

25th Ollie Harris Kings Mountain 

25th W. K. (Bill) Mauney, Jr Kings Mountain 

25th Marshall A. Rauch Gastonia 

26th I. C. Crawford Asheville 

26th Lamar Gudger Asheville 

27th Cecil Hill Brevard 

27th Joe H. Palmer Clyde 



Legislative Branch 297 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF 
MEMBERS OF THE 1975 SENATE 

JOHN TANNERY HENLEY 

PRESIDENT PRO TEM OF THE SENATE 

(Democrat — Cumberland County) 
(Tenth Senatorial District — County: Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

John Tannery Henley, representing the Tenth Senatorial District, was born 
in Wadesboro, August 10, 1921. Son of Frank C. and Melissa (Hamilton) Henley. 
Attended Mt. Vernon Goodwin Elementary School, 1929-1935; Gary High School, 
1935-1939; University of North Carolina, B.S. in Pharmacy, 1943. Pharmacist, 
owner of Clinic Pharmacy in Hope Mills and Professional Drug in Fayetteville. 
Member of North Carolina Pharmaceutical Association; National Association 
of Retail Druggists; Mayor, Town of Hope Mills, 1946-1952; member of town 
Commissioners, 1952-1956. Member Kappa Psi Pharmacy Fraternity and Masonic 
Order. Staff Sergeant in U. S. Army from November, 1943 to December, 1945; 
served in Europe with Ninth Division. Served as State Purchasing Officer, 1963- 
1965. Representative in the General Assembly of 1957, 1959, 1961, 1963 and served 
as a member of the State Senate of 1967, 1969, 1971 and 1973-74. Member of the 
Advisory Budget Commission 1971-73. Methodist; Steward for fifteen years and 
Superintendent of Sunday School for six years. Married Rebecca Ann Bedding- 
field, July 28, 1943. Children: Three sons, Douglas, 21; Robert 25; John, Jr., 27. 
Address: 116 Lakeshore Drive, Hope Mills. 



298 



North Carolina Manual 



FREDERICK DOUGLAS ALEXANDER 

( Democrat — Mecklenburg County) 
(Twenty-second Senatorial District — Counties: Cabarrus and Mecklenburg. 
Four Senators.) 

Frederick Douglas Alexander, representing the Twenty- 
second Senatorial District, was born in Charlotte, N. C, 
February 21, 1910. Son of Zechariah Alexander, Sr., and 
Louise B. McCullough. Attended Myers Street Elementary 
School, Charlotte, 1916-1923; Second Ward High School, 
Charlotte, 1923-1927. Graduated Lincoln University, Pen- 
nsylvania, A.B., 1931. Housing Management. Member, 
Rotary Club; Chamber of Commerce; Mason; Ancient and 
Accepted Scottish Rite of Free Masonry; Shriner's Club; 
Royal Arch Mason; Knight Templar; J.B. P.O. Elks of W.; Omega Psi Phi Fra- 
ternity. Served City Councilman May 1965-November 1974; Mayor Pro Tern 
1971-73. Member University Park Baptist Church; Chairman Board of Trustees; 
Chairman Finance Committee; Sunday School Teacher. Married Frances Mau- 
vene Dugas Alexander, September 18, 1935. One daughter: Theodora Eugenia 
Alexander Witherspoon, 29. Address: 2140 Senior Drive, Charlotte. 





DALLAS L. ALFORD, JR. 

(Democrat — Nash County) 
(Seventh Senatorial District — Counties: Franklin, Nash, Warren, and Wilson. 
Two Senators.) 

Dallas L. Alford, Jr., representing the Seventh Sena- 
torial District, was born in Durham. Son of Dallas L. Al- 
ford, Sr. and Sally Catherine Pope Alford. Attended public 
schools of Durham; Duke University. Real Estate and In- 
surance Business, Alford-Tanner Realty Company. Past 
President Rocky Mount Realtors Association and Rocky 
Mount Mutual Insurance Agents Association. Director of 
Carbisco Flour and Feed Mills. Member Board of Alder- 
men, city of Rocky Mount, 1939-42; Nash County Board of 
Commissioners, 1948-58, Chairman 1952-58. N. C. Traffic Safety Authority, 1966; 
Chairman Nash County Board of Health 1952-58; Chairman of Commission to 
study Welfare Problems for State of North Carolina, 1962. Mutual Insurance 
Agent for the Year for North Carolina and South Carolina 1966-67-68. Member, 
Lodge 1038, B.P.O.E.; 40 and 8; Kiwanis Club; Benevenue Country Club, Rocky 
Mount; Delta Sigma Phi (social Fraternity). Lieutenant Commander, U. S. Navy 
1942-46. Past N. C. Junior Chamber of Commerce and N. C. County Commission- 
ers Association; Director Peoples Bank and Trust Company, and Citizens Savings 
and Loan Assoc, Rocky Mount; Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce. Commander 
American Legion, 1948. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1959, 1961, 1965, 
1967 and 1973-74. Methodist; member of Official Board of First Methodist Church 
of Rocky Mount, 1938-65. Married Margarette Glenn Griffin, November 17, 1945. 
Four children. Address: 100 Wildwood Avenue, Rocky Mount. 




Legislative Branch 299 

JULIAN RUSSELL ALLSBROOK 

(Democrat — Halifax County) 
(Sixth Senatorial District — Counties: Edgecombe, Halifax, Pitt and Martin.) 

Julian Russell Allsbrook, representing the Sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina, 
February 17, 1903. Son of William Clemmons and Bennie 
Alice (Waller) Allsbrook. Graduated from Roanoke Rapids 
Public Schools in 1920; University of North Carolina, 1920- 
1924; University of North Carolina Law School, 1922-1924; 
President, student body, 1923-1924; permanent Vice Presi- 
dent, class of 1924. Lawyer. Member Halifax County Bar 
Assn.; North Carolina Bar Assn.; North Carolina and United 
States Supreme Court Bars. United States Court of Appeals. Member of the 
American Judicature Society; Registered in Who's Who in the South and 
The National Register of Prominent Americans; Presidential Elector from Second 
Congressional District, 1936; former member Board of Trustees, Roanoke Rapids 
School District; Board of City Commissioner of Roanoke Rapids for one term. 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1935, 1947, 1949, 1951, 1965, 1967, 1969, 
1971 and 1973-74; Representative from Halifax County in the General Assembly 
of 1941; Democratic nominee to State Senate, 1942, resigned to enter U. S. Naval 
Reserve as Lieutenant, 1942, and served until placed on inactive duty, 1945; Now 
Lieutenant Commander, U. S. Naval Reserve, Chairman, Committee on Platform 
and Resolutions, State Democratic Convention, 1956-1958; received the 1965 North 
Carolina Public Health Association Award for Distinguished Service Citation for 
Genuine Interest in Public Health Needs of Our Citizens in All Walks of Life 
Throughout North Carolina and for Unselfish and Untiring Efforts in Promoting 
the Programs in Public Health that Would Meet These Needs. Appointed as dele- 
gate to Southern Regional Educational Board, Legislative Work Conference by 
Governor Moore, held in Asheville, North Carolina, July, 1966. Member Phi Alpha 
Delta Law Fraternity; Golden Fleece; Order of the Grail; Tau Kappa Alpha De- 
bating Fraternity; American Legion, AM VETS; Woodmen of the World; Roanoke 
Rapids Kiwanis Club; Mason, Widow's Lodge No. 519. Past Director, Medical 
Foundation of North Carolina, Inc. Past Member North Carolina Committee on 
Nursing and Patient Care; Trustee North Carolina Symphony, Inc.; Secretary, 
State Municipal Road Commission: Trustee, Chowan College, Murfreesboro, North 
Carolina, 1950-1954. Baptist. Member of The Governor's Study Commission on 
the Public School System of North Carolina, 1967 — . Chairman, Commission for the 
Study of the Rules of Civil Procedure, 1967 — . Presented Distinguished Service 
Award by Roanoke Rapids Lions Club, Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina, May 14, 
1974, "In Sincere Appreciation and Recognition of a Lifetime of Loyal and Distin- 
guished Service to the Civic and Political Life of Roanoke Rapids and the Area"; 
Presented the Special Honor Award for Service by the North Carolina Associa- 
tion of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, officially presented at its 27th 
Annual Convention in Charlotte, North Carolina, November, 1974. Married Frances 
Virginia Brown (now deceased) of Garysburg June 24, 1926. Children: Richard 
Brown, Mary Frances and Alice Harris. Address: Roanoke Rapids. 



300 North Carolina Manual 

CY N. BAHAKEL 

(Democrat — Mecklenbjurg County) 

Twenty-second Senatorial District — Counties: Cabarrus and Mecklenburg. 
Four Senators. 

Cy N. Bahakel, representing the Twenty-second Sena- 
torial District, was born in Alabama. Son of S. R. Bahakel 
and Mary Bahakel. Graduated Phillips High School and the 
University of Alabama, A.B. and L.L.D. degrees. Owner and 
operator of a group of radio and television stations, includ- 
ing WCCB-TV, Charlotte. Member Rotary Club, Charlotte 
Advertising Club, National Press Club, Elks (B.P.O.E.), 
Theta Chi Fraternity and the American Legion. Served as 
Second Lieutenant, U. S. Army. Member Board of Deacons 

and Sunday School Teacher of Pritchard Memorial Baptist Church, Charlotte. 

Married and father of six children. Address: P. O. Box 1045, Charlotte. 




BOBBY LOUIS BARKER 

(Democrat — Wake County) 

(Twenty-second Senatorial District — Counties: Cabarrus and Mecklenburg.) 
Four Senators.) 




Bobby Louis Barker, representing the Fourteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Harnett County December 15, 
1933. Son of Ray Barker, Sr. and F. Mable Gray Barker 
(deceased). Attended Raleigh Public Schools; Millbrook 
High School, 1952; University of Maryland; N. C. State 
University. President, Barker Electronic Industries, Inc.; 
^L^rN~^f* Chairman of the Board of Directors of Litho Industries, Inc. 

^ 2>|Hk Member Raleigh Chamber of Commerce; Sec.-Treas., Elec- 

tronic Contractors Association. Winner of Industrial Profile 
Award in 1969. Member Raleigh Lions Club; 32nd Degree Mason. Member Wake 
County Democratic Executive Committee; served as Precinct Chairman. Director 
of Boy's Club of Wake County and Vice-President of Executive Board; graduate 
of Leadership Institute. Served in U. S. Army in Korea 1954-57. Member Pleas- 
ant Grove Methodist Church; Sunday School teacher; served as Chairman of the 
Official Board, Chairman of the Building Committee and Chairman of the Trus- 
tees. Married Carolyn A. Moore of Raleigh September 18, 1955. Three children: 
Michelle, 15; Ashley, 10; and Melissa, 8. Address: 14116 Wyndfield Circle, Raleigh. 



Legislative Branch 



301 




LUTHER J. BITT, JR. 

(Democrat — Robeson County) 
(Twelfth Senatorial District — Counties: Hoke and Robeson. One Senator.) 

Luther J. Britt, Jr., representing the Twelfth Senatorial 
District, was born in Lumberton, August 10, 1931. Son of 
Luther J. and Beta Brooks (Elkins) Britt. Attended 
Lumberton City Schools, 1937-1949; Wake Forest College, 
1949-1952; Wake Forest Law School, LL.B. degree, 1955. 
Lawyer. Member Robeson County Bar Assn., President, 1955- 
1966; Sixteenth Judicial Bar Assn., President, 1967-1968; 
North Carolina State Bar Assn. ; American Bar Assn. Mem- 
ber, North Carolina Jaycees, President 1967; United States 
Jaycees; President, Lumberton Jaycees; State Vice President, North Carolina Jay- 
cees; National Director United States Jaycees. Only man in the history of the 
North Carolina Jaycees, on three successive years, to be selected the outstanding 
State Vice President, the outstanding National Director, and one of five outstand- 
ing State Presidents in the United States Jaycees in 1967. Received the Clayton 
Frost Award as one of five outstanding Presidents of United States Jaycees, and 
led the North Carolina Jaycees to the Number 3 position of fifty-one State organi- 
zations. Past Chairman, Mayor's Advisory Committee, City of Lumberton: past 
President, Tanglewood P.T.A.; twice selected the outstanding young man in Lum- 
berton. Chairman, Robeson County Democratic Executive Committee, 1967-1970; 
City Attorney, Lumberton, 1966. Member Board of Directors, Waccamaw Bank & 
Brust Company; has served on seven different Study Commissions under appoint- 
ment from the Governor of the State of North Carolina; Judicial Council of North 
Carolina. Served in U.S. Army, 1956-1957. Member First Baptist Church, Lum- 
berton; Sunday School Teacher. Married Sarah Williams, August 19, 1955. Four 
children: Sallie B., 19; Luther Johnson, III, 15: Hewett Brooks, 12, and Lee 
Elkins, 8. Address: P. 0. Box 1015, 603 W. 25th Street, Lumberton. 



JACK CELY CHILDERS 

(Democrat — Davidson County) 
(Twenty-first Senatorial District — Counties: Davidson, Davie, Rowan. Two 
Senators.) 

Jack Cely Childers, representing the Twenty-first Sena- 
torial District, was born in Anderson, S. C, December 30, 
1909. Son of James W. and Delia Cely Childers. Attended 
public schools of Greenville, S. C. Graduated Clemson Uni- 
versity, B.S. Textile Eng., 1931; Harvard Business School, 
1946. Retired Textile Manufacturer; Former President of 
Enlarger Mills, Inc., Lexington, N. C. Former President 
North Carolina Textile Manufacturers Association. Served 
Army as Tank Battalion Commander: Active 1941(46; Re- 
serves, 1931-32. Member Presbyterian Church; Superintendent Sunday School: 
Deacon; Ruling Elder. Married Edith Anderson Childers. Two sons: Dr. Jack 
C. Childers, Jr.; James A. Childers. Address: One Childers Court, Lexington. 




302 



North Carolina Manual 



BOBBY LEE COMBS 

(Democrat — Catawba County) 

(Twenty-third Senatorial District — Counties: Alexander, Catawba, Iredell, 
Yadkin. Two Senatms.) 

Bobby Lee Combs, representing: the Twenty-third Sena- 
torial District, was born in North Wilkesboro, N. C, March 
25, 1930. Son of Cuester Lee and Vivian McKay Combs. 
Attended Huntersville High School. Graduated Wingate 
College, Associate, 1930; Davidson College, B.S., 1952; 
Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, B.D., 1955; Mc- 
Mormich Theological Seminary, Chicago, 111., 1961. Pastor 
Sweetwater Presbyterian Church ; Partner in Little Folks 
School, Hickory and Mooresville. Member Mooresville Cham- 
ber of Commerce; Catawba County Chamber of Commerce; Mooresville Retail 
Merchants Association. Served N. C. Senate 1971-72. Served 378th Combat En- 
gineers, 30th Division, 1948-1950. Member Presbyterian Church. Married Elsie 
Hunter Combs, July 13, 1950. Three Children: Robert Lee Combs; Pamela Elise 
Combs; Ray Cuester Combs. Address: Box 1003, 500 21st St., Hickory. 




IRVIN COOPER CRAWFORD 

(Democrat — Buncombe County) 

(Twenty-sixth Senatorial District — Counties: Buncombe, Madison, McDowell 
and Yancey. Two Senators) 

Irvin Cooper Crawford, representing the Twenty-sixth 
Senatorial District, was born in Bryson City. Son of Gordon 
Lee and Mary Jane (Cooper) Crawford. Attended Cullowhee 
High School, 1919-1922; Duke University; Wake Forest 
College. Lawyer. Member, Swain County Board of Educa- 
tion, 1933-1934; Mayor, Bryson City, 1935-1936; Chairman, 
Swain County Democratic Executive Committee, 1932-1940. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1957, 1959, 1961, 
1963 and 1965. Senator in the General Assembly, 1971 and 
Trustee of U. N. C, Asheville. Member of the Judicial Council. Member 
ille Country Club. Methodist. Married Evelyn Gregory, August 20, 1935. 
Stephen G. Crawford. Address: 10 Hampshire Circle, Asheville. 




1973-74 
of Ashev 
One son, 



Legislative Branch 



303 



MELVIN ROY DANIELS, JR. 

(Democrat — Pasquotank County) 

(First Senatorial District — Counties : Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, 
Currtiuck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Northampton, Pasquotank, Perquimans, 
Tyrrell, Washington. Two Senators.) 

Melvin Roy Daniels, Jr., representing the First Sena- 
torial District, was born in Wanchese, N. C, October 7, 1925. 
Son of Melvin Roy Daniels and Carrie Daniels. Graduated 
Manteo High School. Attended Campbell College; North 
Carolina State College; Virginia Polytechnical Institute. 
Banker; Senior Vice-President People's Bank and Trust, 
Elizabeth City, N. C. Member N. C. Marine Science Council; 
Vice Chairman Elizabeth City Airport Commission. Member 
Lions; Elks; Masonic Order, Scottish Rite. Served U. S. 
Army Air Force 1943-1944. Member, Methodist Church. Married Gladys Toxey 
Daniels, August 18, 1950. Three children: Melvin Roy Daniels, III, 22; Linda 
Diane Daniels, 15. Address: 1618 Rochelle Drive, Elizabeth City. 




EGBERT LAWRENCE DAVIS, III 

(Democrat — Forsyth County) 

(Twentieth Senatorial District — County: Forsyth. Two Senators.) 

Egbert Lawrence Davis, III, representing the Twentieth 
Senatorial District, was born in Winston-Salem December 
30, 1937. Son of Egbert L. Davis, Jr. and Eleanor Layfield 
Davis. Graduated R. J. Reynolds High School 1956; Prince- 
ton University, 1960, A.B.; Duke Law School, 1963, L.L.B.; 
George Washington University, 1966; M.B.A. Major, Wood- 
row Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. At- 
torney. Member Forsyth Bar Association; North Carolina 
Bar Association; American Bar Association. Member, Wins- 
ton-Salem Rotary Club; Winston-Salem Chamber of Commerce; Board Member, 
of Goodwill Industries. Member Kidney Foundation; Children's Home Society; 
Mental Health Association. Recepient of Winston-Salem Jaycees Distinguished 
Service Award 1972; Winston-Salem Mayors Committee on Employment of Handi- 
capped "Citizen of the Year" Award 1971 ; N. C. Jaycees Freedom Guard Award 
1973; Served as Captain, U. S. Army, 1963-1965. Served four years House of 
Representatives 1970-72, 1972-74. Member Knollwood Baptist Church; Deacon; 
Sunday School Teacher. Married Sandra Holderness Davis, August 25, 1962. 
Four Children: Alexandra, 10; Bert, 8; Lucenda, 6; Pamela, 4. Address: P. O. 
Drawer 84, 321 Banbury Rd., Winston-Salem. 




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North Carolina Manual 



JAMES BANKS GARRISON 

(Democrat — Stanly County) 
(Seventeenth Senatorial District — Counties: Anson, Montgomery, Richmond, 
Scotland and Union. Two Senators.) 

James Banks Garrison, representing the Seventeenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Badin May 25, 1925. Son of 
B. T. Garrison and Myrtle Kirk Garrison. Graduated Badin 
High School, Stanton Military Academy, and the University 
of North Carolina, 1950, B. A. in Economics. Gasoline Dis- 
tributor, President of South Central Oil Company, Inc. Pres- 
ident, Delta Buyers Co-op of North Carolina, South Carolina 
and Virginia. Past President, N. C. Jobbers Association. 
Served four year term as Albemarle City Councilman and 
four years as Mayor of Albemarle. Vice-chairman, Stanly County Industrial 
Commission; member, Executive Committee of Stanly County Hospital; Stanly 
County Health Department Board; past President, Albemarle-Stanly County 
Chamber of Commerce; past President, Stanly County Welfare Board; past 
President, Albemarle Junior Chamber of Commerce. Young Man of the Year, 
1956. United States Marine Corps, Corporal, 1943-46. Member First Presbyterian 
Church, Albemarle; past Chairman, Board of Deacons. Married Betty Jane 
Hearne, 1948. Two children: James Banks Garrison, Jr. and Jane Hearne Garri- 
son. Address: 819 North Sixth Street, Albemarle. 




 




LAMAR GUDGER 

(Democrat — Buncombe County) 

(Twenty-sixth Senatorial District — Counties: Buncombe, Madison, McDowell 
and Yancey. Two Senators.) 

Lamar Gudger, representing the Twenty-sixth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Asheville April 30, 1919. Son of 
Vonno Lamar and Elizabeth (Wilson) Gudger. Attended 
Lee H. Edwards High School, Asheville, graduated 1936, 
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, B.A. Degree 1940, 
LL.B. Degree 1942. Captain, USAFR, 305th Bomb Group, 
' ^ *jJrJL 8th Air Force, 1942-45. Lawyer; Senior Member of Gudger, 

^ m g^ j^ Sawyer & Parker. Member, Buncombe County Bar Associa- 

tion; North Carolina State Bar and State Bar Association; 
President, 1971-72; Buncombe County Bar Association. Representative in General 
Assembly of 1951; State Senator, 1971-74. Solicitor, 19th Solicitorial District 
1952-1954; Secretary, State Democratic Party, 1962-1963. Member, North Carolina 
State Ports Authority, 1967-1968; Legislative Research Commission, 1971-1972; 
North Carolina Bar Prison Study Committee, 1970-1974; Board of Directors, 
Buncombe County Mental Health Association, 1972; Director, The Children's 
Home Society of North Carolina, 1972-74. Methodist, member Central United 
Methodist Church. Married Eugenia Reid of Surry County October 25, 1947. 
Children: Lamar, Jr., Eugenia Reid, Carol Eugenia and Martha Elizabeth Gudger. 
Address: 189 Kimberly Avenue, Asheville. 



North Carolina Government 



305 



HAROLD WOODROW HARDISON 

(Democrat — Lenoir County) 

(Fifth Senatorial District — Counties: Duplin, Jones and Lenoir. One Sena- 
tor.) 

Harold Woodrow Hardison, representing the Fifth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Deep Run, Lenoir County, Sep- 
tember 8, 1923. Son of Rutha and Annie (Stroud) Hardison. 
Attended Deep Run High School; Atlantic Christian Col- 
lege. Member, House of Representatives, 1971 ; President, 
Humphrey-Hardison Oil Company of Deep Run and Mount 
Olive. Charter member, Deep Run Ruritan Club; board 
member, Selective Service Board No. 55, Lenoir County; 
Chairman, Deep Run School Board and South Lenoir School 
Board; member Neuse River Economic Development Commission; Kinston Lenoir 
County Industrial and Agricultural Development Commission. Telped organize 
Deep Run Water Corp., first president, now member, Board of Directors; Board 
of Directors of Parrott Memorial Hospital, Kinston; Past Master, Pleasant Hill 
Masonic Lodge No. 304; Shriner, member Sudan Temple, former Lt. Commander 
of the Legion of Honor. U. S. Air Force, 1942-1947. Past Chairman, Lenoir 
County United Fund. Member, Board of Directors Mount Olive College, and 
Executive Board; Board of Directors of NCNB, Kinston. Baptist, member, Deep 
Run Free Will Baptist Church; Sunday School Teacher; Chairman, Finance Com- 
mittee, 1963 — . Married Arlene Humphrey, June 14, 1944. One daughter, Pamela 
Jane. Address: Box 128, Deep Run. 




JOSEPH JULIAN HARINGTON 

(Democrat — Bertie County) 

(First Senatorial District — Counties: Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, 
Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Northampton, Pasquotank, Perquimans, 
Tyrrell aand Washington. Two Senators.) 

Joseph Julian Harrington, representing the First Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Lewiston, February 18, 1919. 
Son of Julian Picott and Ethel Mae (Barnes) Harrington. 
President, Harrington Mfg. Co., Lewiston. Member, Farm 
Bureau Federation; Southern Farm Equipment Association; 
Davie Lodge No. 39, Lewiston; 32nd Degree Scottish Rite; 
Shriner, Sudan Temple, New Bern; Trustee of Chowan Col- 
lege, Murfreesboro and Elizabeth City State College. Mem- 
ber, Lewiston-Woodville Local School Board, 1955-1959; 
Town Commissioner, Lewiston, 1948. State Senator in the General Assembly of 
1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973 and 1974. Technical Sergeant, World War II, 
1942-1945. Baptist; Sunday School Superintendent and Deacon, Lewiston Baptist 
Church. Married Lettie Leigh Early, August 7, 1947. Children: Robert E. H. 
Harrington, Julian Picott Harrington, II, Victoria Leigh Harrington. Address: 
Lewiston. 




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North Carolina Manual 



JOHN OLLIE HARRIS 

(Democrat — Cleveland County) 

(Twenty-fifth Senatorial District — Counties 1 Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln, 
Rutherford. Three Senators.) 

John Ollie Harris, representing the Twenty-fifth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Anderson, S. C, September 2, 
1913. Son of J. Frank and Jessie Hambright Harris. Grad- 
uated Shelby High School 1931; Gupton-Jones College of 
Embalming, 1935. Funeral Director and Embalmer. Presi- 
dent and Treasurer, Harris Funeral Home, Inc. Member, 
N. C. Funeral Directors Association; National Funeral 
Director Association; National Selected Morticians. Past 
President, N. C. Coroner's Association; N. C. Funeral Direct- 
ing and Embalming Board. Mason; Shriner. Served Army, 85th Field Hospital, 
European Theatre 1943-1946; Holder, Bronze Star. Served 1971 Session N. C. 
Senate; Cleveland County Coroner 1946-1970. Baptist Church; Chairman of Board 
of Deacon 1962. Married Abbie Jane Wall, May 4, 1934. Two children: Ollie 
Harris, Jr., 40; Mrs. Becky Harris Hambright, 37. Four Grandchildren. Address: 
Box 627, 921 Sharon Dr., Kings Mountain. 




CECIL JAMES HILL 

(Democrat — Transylvania County) 

(Twenty-seventh Senatorial District — Counties: Cherokee, Clay, Graham, 
Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Polk, Swain, Transylvania. Two Senators.) 

Cecil James Hill, representing the Twenty-seventh Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Asheville, N. C, November 20, 
1919. Son of Burton Harrison and Vallie Staton Hill. Grad- 
uated Valley Springs High School, 1939; Mars Hill College, 
1941, Associate in Arts; University of North Carolina, 1943, 
B.S.; University of N. C, 1945, Doctor of Laws. Lawyer. 
Member, Transylvania County Bar Association; North Car- 
olina Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar. Director, 
First Union National Bank; Past President, 1956, Transyl- 
vania County Bar Association. Member Order of the Coif; Scottish Rite Mason, 
Delta Sigma Pi. Former Elk. Editor in Chief, North Carolina Law Review. 
Contributor, Union of South Africa Law Review; The Progressive. Farmer. Pre- 
cinct Chairman, Member of Executive Committee, Secretary of Executive Com- 
mittee—Transylvania County Democrat Party. Town Attorney, Brevard and 
vice Award for Fayetteville and Cumberland County, 1969; Fayetteville Jaycees 
Woodside Drive, Brevard. 





Legislative Branch 307 

GLENN REGINALD JERNIGAN 

( Democrat — Cumberland County ) 
(Tenth Senatorial District — County: Cumberland. Two Senators.) 

Glenn Reginald Jernigan, representing the Tenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in La Grange, April 10, 1939. 
Son of Claude J. Jernigan, Sr. (Deceased) and Lydia E. 
Jones Jernigan (Deceased). Graduated Fayetteville High 
School 1957; Campbell College, A.A., 1959; East Carolina 
University, B.A., 1961. Mortgage Banker. Member, Fay- 
etteville Board of Realtors; Mortgage Bankers Association; 
Homebuilders Association. Chairman of the Board Wacho- 
via Bank and Trust Co., Fayetteville. Member, Fay- 
etteville Kiwanis Club; Director Cumberland County Boys Club 1968-71; Presi- 
dent Cumberland County Boys Club 1972; Vice President Fayetteville Jaycees; 
Chairman, East Carolina University Pirates Club. Received Distinguished Ser- 
vice Award for Fayetteville and Cumberland County 1969; Fayetteville Jaycees 
Young Man of the Year. Received Realtor of the year Award 1971 ; E. J. Wells 
Award for Fayetteville Kiwanis, 1968. Director of The Year (Boys Club) 1973; 
Who's Who In American Colleges and Universities. Secretary and Vice Chairman 
Cumberland County Democratic Executive Committee; Cumberland County YDC 
President; State Chairman, Citizens for Kennedy -Johnson, 1960. Member, State 
Legislative Committee for Fayetteville Board of Realtors; State Legislative Com- 
mittee for N. C. Board of Realtors; Cumberland County campaign manager for 
Mel Broughton (Gubernatorial Candidate). Co-ordinator Bob Scott Committee 
(Gubernatorial Candidate). Former Representative from 20th District; Member 
Finance Committee; Member Insurance Committee; Member Military and Vet- 
eran Affairs; Member State Government; Vice Chairman Alcohol and Beverage 
Control; Vice Chairman Conservation and Development; Chairman Sub Commit- 
tee on Ethics. Member Highland Presbyterian Church; Deacon; Sunday School 
Teacher; Church Stewardship Committee. Married Jane Clark Jernigan, August 
3, 1963. Two Children: Lisa, 9; Glenn, Jr., 5. Address: 2414 Rollinghill Road, 
Fayetteville. 

DONALD RAYVAUGHN KINCAID 

(Republican — Caldwell County) 
(Twenty-fourth Senatorial District — Counties 1 Avery, Burke, Caldwell, 
Mitchell, Watauga and Wilkes. Two Senators.) 

^^^^^ Donald Rayvaughn Kincaid, representing the Twenty- 

0^^^^^ fourth Senatorial District, was born in Caldwell County, 

i June 2, 1936. Son of Hugh T. and Myrtle (McCall) Kincaid. 

I 28^ SE. f Attended Gamewell Elementary School, 1943-1950; Game- 

jL „ N well High School, 1951-1954; Appalachian State Teachers 

College, 1955-1959, B.S. degree; Clevenger's Business Col- 

J^^^^^ lege, 1955. School Teacher and owner of Kincaid Insurance 

^|| jgl Agency, Lenoir. Member, Lenoir Lions Club, Lion Tamer, 

immediate past Secretary; past member, N.C.A.E.; 



308 



North Carolina Manual 



Wilson. 



Gamewell Ruritan Club. Served in North Carolina National Guard for nine 
years. 5-E; N. C. Cattelemen's Association; Representative in the Genera] 
Assembly of 19(37, 1969 and 1971. Served in the N. C. Senate in 1973; member, 
X. C. Board of Agriculture; Advisory Committee, Southeastern Parks, U. S. 
Department of Interior. Member Carolina Association of Mutual Insurance 
Agents. Member Grandview Park Baptist Church; Assistant Teacher, Young 
Married Men's Class; past Teacher of Young Peoples Class. Married Syretha 
Weatherford, June 30, 1956. Three children. Address: 113 Spencer Heights, 
Lenoir. 

JAMES RUSSELL KIRBY 

(Democrat — Wilson County) 
(Seventh Senatorial District — Counties: Franklin, Nash, Vance, Warren and 
Two Senators.) 

James Russell Kirby, representing the Seventh Sena- 
torial District, was born in Wilson County February 17, 
1922. Son of Sanford and Cora (Scott) Kirby. Attended 
University of North Carolina, B.S. in Commerce, 1943; 
University of North Carolina, B.S., 1943; University of 
North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1948. Lawyer. Mason; 
Elk; Rotarian. Sergeant in U. S. Army, 1943-1945. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1963, 1965, 1969, 1971 
and 1973. Chairman, Traffic Code Commission; State Edu- 
cation Assistance Authority; former member, Board of 
Higher Education (Executive Committee), 1969 and 1971; General Statutes 
Commission; Health Subcommittee, Legislative Research Commission, Committee 
on Lawful Role of Nurses; N. C. Courts Commission (1972); Advisory Budget 
Commission 1973-74; Chairman, Special Senate Commission on North Carolina 
Revenue Laws, 1974; Trustee, Patrick Henry Memorial Commission. Delegate, 
1964 National Democratic Convention. Methodist. Married Rebekah Fulghum, 
December 20, 1946. Children: James Russell Kirby, II, David Fughum Kirby, 
Jane Darden Kirby. Address: 1711 Brentwood Circle, Wilson. 




dfh 



PLEAS LACKEY 

(Democrat — Alexander County) 
(Twenty-third Senatorial District — Counties: Alexander, Catawba, Iredell, 
Yadkin. Two Senators.) 

Pleas Lackey, representing the Twenty-third Senatorial 
District, was born in Hiddenite, N. C. March 29, 1906. Son 
of E. E. (deceased) and Jane A. Sharpe Lackey. Attended 
L^rfn*. public schools, Hiddenite; graduated, 1921; Kings Business 

College, Raleigh, 1922. Retired Business Man. Member 
American Legion; V.F.W.; Lions Club. Corporal, U. S. Air 
Force, 1942-1945. House of Representatives, 1959. Mem- 
ber Sulphur Springs Baptist Church; Finance Committee; 
Grounds and Building Committee. Married Clarice A. 
Lackey (deceased), May 21, 1928. Address: P. 0. Box 166, Hiddenite. 




Legislative Branch 



309 



JAMES DOYLE McDUFFIE 

(Democrat — Mecklenburg County) 

(Twenty-second Senatorial District — Counties: Cabarrus and Mecklenburg. 
Four Senators.) 

James Doyle McDuffie, representing the Twenty-second 
Senatorial District, was born in Kannapolis, N. C, Novem- 
ber 17, 1929. Son of James Dewey (deceased) and Viola 
Cress McDuffie. Graduated Cannon High School, 1946. At- 
tended Lenoir Rhyne College, 1946. Graduated Phiffer Col- 
lege, A. A., 1948; Catawba College, B.A., 1950; University 
of Denver, M.A., 1953. Self-employed, Insurance Agency. 
Member East Mecklenburg Optimist Club; American Leg- 
ion; Tar Hill Cyclists; Board — Carolinas Chapter Multiple 
Society. Sergeant, U. S. Air Force, 1950-1953. Charlotte City Council. Member 
Pritchard Memorial Baptist Church. Married M. Darlene (Pat) McDuffie, April 
10, 1953. Four Children: James David McDuffie, 15; Mark Stephen McDuffie, 14; 
Patricia Karen McDuffie, 12; John Patrick McDuffie, 3. Address: 1800 Eastvvay 
Drive, Charlotte. 




GEORGE W. MARION, JR. 

(Democrat — Surry County) 



(Fifteenth Senatorial District- 
ingham, Stokes, and Surry.) 



-Counties: Alleghany, Ashe, Caswell, Rock- 




1954-1956, Spec. 3 

Church. Married Patty Hodges, 

Drive, Dobson. 



George W. Marion, Jr., representing the Fifteenth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Surry County, April 14, 1935. 
Son of George W., Sr. and Stanley Marion. Attended Dob- 
son High School, graduated, 1953 ; Appalachian University, 
four years. Housewares distributors and real estate. Mem- 
ber Lions Club, President Dobson Lions Club, 1969; P.T.A., 
Northwest Dev. Assoc. Director; President, Dobson P.T.A., 
1966-1967, 1968-1969. President, Surry County Y.D.C., 
1969; President, 5th District, Y.D.C., 1969. U. S. Army. 
Member 1971 North Carolina House. Member, Dobson Baptist 
1959. Three daughters. Address: Forest Oaks 



WILLIAM KEMP MAUNEY, JR. 

(Democrat — Cleveland County) 

(Twenty-fifth Senatorial District — Counties: Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln and 
Rutherford. Three Senators.) 



310 



North Carolina Manual 




William Kemp Mauney, Jr., representing the Twenty- 
fifth Senatorial District, was born in Kings Mountain, 
August 15, 1917. Son of William Kemp and Sarah Jane 
(Hoffman) Mauney. Attended Kings Mountain City Schools, 
1923-1934; Lenoir Rhyne College, Hickory, A.B., 1938, with 
major in math and history. Men's hosiery manufacturing 
executive and synthetic yarn throwing executive. Director 
First Citizens Bank & Trust Co. Member Board of Direct- 
ors, Catawba Valley Hosiery Club, 1963-1964; National 
Association of Manufacturers; National Association of Hosiery Manufacturers; 
Association of Synthetic Yarn Manufacturers, Inc.; 36 years in Lions Club, Presi- 
dent, Kings Mountain Club; 1947-1948, also served as Treasurer and Tail Twister; 
Woodmen of the World; Fraternal Order of Eagles; Loyal Order of the Moose. 
President, Industrial Association of Kings Mountain area, 1965-1966, 1967-1968; 
former member, Kings Mountain Jaycees, President, 1953. Member, Board of 
Trustees, Lenoir Rhyne College, Executive Committee; past Scout Master, 
Eagle Scout Rank with four brothers, all Eagle Rank; past member Board of 
Directors of Alumni Assn., Lenoir Rhyne College; Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1967, 1969 and 1971; State Senator, 1973; served on Democratic 
Party Study Commission, 1969-1970. Member, Board of Directors, Cleveland 
County Mental Health Assn., 1967-1975. Member, St. Matthews Lutheran Church, 
Kings Mountain; Church Council, 1943-1945, 1963-1965; Chairman, 
Church Council, 1963-1965; Supt. of Sunday School, 1948-1949. Married Mary 
Elizabeth Simpson, June 2, 1939. Children: Sarah Mauney Faunce, 28; Mary 
Mauney Turner, 25; William Kemp, III, 23; Martha Jane, 19. Address: East Gold 
Street, P. 0. Box 1042, Kings Mountain. 




WILLIAM DONALD MILLS 

(Democrat — Onslow County) 

(Third Senatorial District — County: Onslow. One Senator.) 

William Donald Mills, representing the Third Senatorial 
District, was born in Maysville, October 8, 1932. Son of Leo 
Bell and Mildred (Jones) Mills. Attended White Oak Ele- 
mentary School, 1938-1946; White Oak High School, 1946- 
1950; East Carolina College, September to December, 1950, 
1953-1954. Appliance and furniture retail business. Sea 
Side Lodge No. 429, Swansboro; New Bern Consistory No. 
3, New Bern; Sudan Temple, New Bern; Loyal Order of 
Moose; Order of Eastern Star No. 238, Swansboro. Onslow 
County Commissioner, 1959-1964; Trustee Coastal Carolina Community College; 
State Director, N. C. Merchants Association; Past Director Jacksonville Chamber 
of Commerce. Served in U. S. Army, January 1951 to December 1952; Corporal 
E-4. Representative in the General Assembly of 1965, 1967; State Senator, 1971. 
Member, Belgrade United Methodist Church, Route 1, Maysville; Superintendent, 
1954-1960; Trustee since 1962; President, Methodist Men's Club, 1959-1960. Presi- 
dent, N. C. Community College Trustee Association, 1975-76. Married Donniere 
Morton, January 25, 1952. Children: William Donald Mills, Jr., Robert Duane 
Mills and Kathy Darlene Mills. Address: Route 1, Maysville. 








Legislative Branch 



311 




HERMAN AUBREY MOORE 

(Democrat — Mecklenburg County) 

(Twenty-second Senatorial District — Counties : Cabarrus and Mecklenburg-. 
Four Senators.) 

Herman Aubrey Moore, representing the Twenty-second 
Senatorial District, was born in Greenwood, S. C, November 
8, 1929. Attended Culver Military Academy, Darlington 
School, Central High School; University of North Carolina; 
Charlotte College. Member, Board of Directors, Executive 
i n Committee and Consultant, American Credit Corporation; 

A ^B^. President, the Hagley Corporation; Consultant, The Ran- 

M . *H^k dolph Clinic, Inc.; President, Mecklenburg County YDC; 

Secretary, Democratic Executive Committee, 1952-1956; 
State Senator in the General Assembly of 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971 and 1973-74. Pres- 
ident Pro Tern, N. C. Senate, 1967-1969. Member of the Committee on State, Gov- 
ernment Reorganization. Chairman of the N. C. Tax Study Commission. Member 
of the National Legislative Leaders Conference. Co-Chairman Legislative Re- 
search Commission Member, Governor's Study Committee on Vocational Re- 
habilitation Member, National Society of State Legislators; Dinner Chairman, 
Jefferson-Jackson Day Dinner, 1955. Director, N. C. Wildlife Federation. Mem- 
ber, N. C. American Revolution Bi-Centennial Commission. Director of Charlotte 
Rehabilitation Hospital, Commissioner of Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital Au- 
thority. Director, North Carolina Foundation for Mental Research, North Caro- 
lina Children's Home Society, Central Piedmont Community College Foundation, 
N. C. Education Council on National Purposes. Presbyterian. Four Children. 
Address : 8629 Providence Road, Matthews. 



EDD NYE 

(Democrat — Bladen County) 

(Eleventh Senatorial District — Counties: Bladen, Brunswick, Columbus. One 
Senator.) 

Edd Nye, representing the Eleventh Senatorial District, 
was born in Gulf, North Carolina, September 12, 1932. Son 
of Joseph Burke and Vera R. (Johnson) Nye. Graduated 
Clarkton High School 1951; S.E. Community College, A. A., 
1969; North Carolina State University, Fort Bragg Exten- 
sion, 1972. Insurance Agency. Member, Bladen Masonic 
Lodge 646; V.F.W. Served as Bladen County Commissioner, 
June 1966 to December 1972. Served, U. S. Air Force, 1952- 
1956. Member Elizabethtown Baptist Church; Deacon; Sun- 
day School Teacher; Moderator, Bladen Baptist Association, 1966-1968. Married 
Peggy McKee, January 9, 1955. Three Children: Shannoin Sue Nye, 15; Edward 
McKee Nye, 15; Allison Hope Nye, 4. Address: P. O. Box 8, Elizabethtown. 




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North Carolina Manual 



MARY HORNE ODOM 

(Democrat — Scotland County) 

(Seventeenth Senatorial District — Counties: Anson, Montgomery, Richmond, 
Scotland, Stanly, and, Union. Two Senators.) 

Mary Home Odom, representing the Seventeenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Greenville, N. C, January 29, 
1921. Daughter of John Long Home and Mary Dorethea 
(Bagwell) Home. Graduated Greenville High School 1938; 
East Carolina Teachers College, 1942, A.B. Attended UNC- 
Chapel Hill; N. C. State; Flora Macdonald College. Teacher- 
Coordinator, Industrial Cooperative Training, Scotland High 
School, Laurinburg, N. C. Member North Carolina Associa- 
tion of Educators; National Education Association; North 
Carolina Vocational Association; American Vocational Association; Lamda Chap- 
ter Delta Kappa Gamma; Business and Professional Women's Club, Lumberton. 
Served House of Representatives 1971. Member Montpelier Presbyterian Church; 
Past President, Women of the Church. Married Leggette Willington Odom, Jr., 
June 22, 1943. Three Sons: Legette W. Odom, III, 30; John Hubert Odom, 28; J. 
Phillip Odom, 22. Address: Box 7, Wagram. 




JOE H. PALMER 

(Democrat — Haywood County) 

(Twenty-seventh Senatorial District — Counties: Cherokee, Clay, Graham, 
Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Polk, Swain, and Transylvania. Two Sen- 
ators.) 

Joe H. Palmer, representing the Twenty-seventh Sena- 
torial District, was born in Haywood, N. C, September 17, 
1919. Son of Glenn C. Palmer and Fannie (Ferguson) Pal- 
mer. Attended Clyde High School 1933-37; N. C. State Uni- 
versity, B.S., 1942. Farmer. Member Farm Bureau; Ameri- 
can Forestry Association; American Legion; Cattleman's 
Association. Former President, Haywood Fruit and Vege- 
table Association; Former President, N. C. Tomato Associa- 
tion. Served Sgt., Marine Corps, 1942-1945. Served House 
of Representatives, 1953. Member, Crabtree Methodist Church; Lay Leader. Mar- 
ried Elise Palmer, 1949. Four Children: John, 24; Amy, 18; Kim, 16; Chris, 11. 
Address: Route 3, Clyde. 




MARSHALL ARTHUR RAUCH 

(Democrat — Gaston County) 

(Twenty-fifth Senatorial District— Counties: Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln and 
Rutherford. Three Senators.) 




t ^5li 



Legislative Branch 313 



Marshall Arthur Rauch, representing the Twenty-fifth 
Senatorial District, was born in New York City February 2, 
1923. Son of Nathan A. and Tillie (Wohl) Rauch. Attended 
Woodmere High School, Class of 1940; Duke University, 
varsity basketball and Fraternity President; Chairman of 
the Board, Director and Treasurer of Rauch Industries, Inc., 
Nile Star, Inc. of Woodmere, N. Y. ; Director and Treasurer 
of E. P. Press, Inc., Gastonia and The Rauch Foundation, 
Inc., Bessemer City. Director, Sedgefield Realty Company; 
Gastonia; Majestic Insurance Financing Corporation, Gastonia. Mayor Pro Tern, 
City of Gastonia, 1952-1954, 1961-1963; City Councilman, City of Gastonia, 1952- 
1954, 1961-1965; Governor's Good Neighbor Council, 1963-1970; North Carolina 
Jail Study Commission, 1968; Advisory Council, North Carolina Committee for 
Children and Youth, 1968-1969; Legislative Research Committee on Interest Rates, 
1968-1969; Chairman Gastonia Human Relations Committee, 1964-1967; Chair- 
man North Carolina Committee on Population and Family, 1968-1969; Employ 
the Handicapped Committee, 1964-1965. Senior Advisor, Gastonia Boys Club, 
1947-1963; Big Brother, 1951-1960; member North Carolina Citizens Committee 
for Dental Health, 1968-1969; Vice President and Director, Community Concert 
Association, 1960-1961 ; Top Managament Advisory Committee, Gaston County 
Industrial Management Club, 1963-1965; Consulting Commission, Pioneer Girl 
Scout Council, 1968-1969; President, Duke University Gaston Alumni Association, 
1961-1962; President, Associated Industries, 1964-1965. Director: Gastonia Cham- 
ber of Commerce, 1965-1966; Gaston Skills, 1964-1966; Salvation Army Boys Club 
since 1963; United Fund, 1963-1967; Gaston Boys Club since 1964; Carolinas 
A.A.U., 1951-1953; Gaston Museum of Natural History, 1963-1964; Holy Angels 
Nursery, Belmont, 1960-1970; Planned Parenthood and World Population, New 
York, N. Y., 1968-1969; Gaston Community Action, Inc., 1966; Gaston-Cleveland 
Tuberculosis Association for 1968; Gastonia YMCA, 1959-1962, 1967-1969, also 
since 1971. Member Board of Trustees of U.N.C. since 1969; First Vice President 
Gaston County Y.M.C.A., 1970, President Gaston County Y.M.C.A., 1971; Board 
of Advisors, Gardner Webb College; awarded Man & Boy Award, Salvation Army 
Red Shield Boys Club, 1970. Trustee, University of North Carolina at Greens- 
boro. Man of the Year, Gastonia Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1957 ; Man of the 
Year, Gastonia Junior Woman's Club, 1964; Man of the Year, Gaston County 
Omega Psi Phi, 1966; Man of the Year, North Carolina Health Department, 1968; 
National Recreation Citation, National Recreation Association, 1965; State Senator 
in the General Assembly of 1967; also Advisory Budget Commission, 1974; Trus- 
tee U.N.C. 1971-1973; Chairman Joint Advisory Committee on Dental Education, 
1969-1971. Biography listed in "Who's Who in World Jewery", "Who's Who in the 
South and Southwest" and "Leading Men in the United States." President, Tem- 
ple Emanuel, Gastonia, 1962-1964; President, Frank Goldberg Lodge, Bnai Brith, 
1951-1952; Chairman, Gaston Jewish Welfare Fund, 1958-1962, 1968-1969; Di- 
rector, North Carolina United Jewish Appeal Cabinet, 1968-1969; First Vice Pres- 
ident, North Carolina Association of Jewish Men, 1966; National Council Ameri- 
can Jewish Joint Distributions Committee, 1968-1971; Sunday School Teacher, 
1951-1956; Board of Governors, North Carolina Jewish Home for the Aged, Inc., 



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North Carolina Manual 



since 1908. Married Jeanne Girard, May 18, 1946. Children: John, Ingrid, Marc, 
Pete and Stephanie. Address: 1121 Scotch Drive, Gastonia. 



EDWARD RENFROW 

(Democrat — Johnston County) 

(Ninth Senatorial District — Counties: Johnston and Sampson. One Senator.) 

Edward Renfrow, representing the Ninth Senatorial 
District, was born in Kenly, N. C, September 12, 1940. Son 
of Donnie T. Renfrow and Ilamae Lewis Renfrow. Grad- 
uated Clayton High School May, 1958; Hardbargers Busi- 
ness College. Attended Atlantic Christian College. Account- 
ant. Member North Carolina Society of Accountants; Na- 
tional Society of Public Accountants; Phi Theta Fi Fra- 
ternity. President North Carolina Society of Accountants 
1972-73; Seminar Speaker. National Society of Public Ac- 
countants; First Vice-President, Smithfield-Selma Chamber of Commerce 1974; 
Treasurer, N. C. Democratic Executive Committeee 1973 March 1974. Received 
Distinguished Service Award Smithfield Jaycees 1974. N. C. National Guard, 
Specialist 4th Class, 1962-1966. Member, Sharon Baptist Church; Chairman of 
Deacon Board, two terms; Sunday School Teacher; Member of General Board of 
Baptist State Convention 1970-1974; Current Treasurer, Johnston Baptist As- 
sociation. Married Debecca Stephenson Renfrow, December 4, 1960. Two Chil- 
dren: Candy, 8; Paige, 6. Address: P. O. Box 731, Smithfield. 




KENNETH CLAIBORNE ROYALL, JR. 

(Democrat — Durham County) 



(Thirteenth Senatorial District- 
Two Senators.) 



-Counties: Durham, Person and Granville. 




Kenneth Claiborne Royall, Jr., representing the Thir- 
teenth Senate District, was born in Warsaw, North Caro- 
lina, September 2, 1918. Son of Kenneth Claiborne and 
Margaret Pierce (Best) Royall. Attended Goldsboro High 
School, Goldsboro, 1932-34; Episcopal High School 
Alexandria, Virginia 1934-36; University of North Caro- 
lina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 1939-40, A.B. Degree; 
University of Virginia Law School 1940-41; Wake Forest 
Law School, 1941-42. U. S. Marine Corps, 1942-45, 
rank, Major. Received the Bronze Star with Combat V while serving 
as a platoon leader in South Pacific area during World War II. Owner, retail 
furniture store. Member Southern Retail Furniture Association ; Director, North 
Carolina Merchants Association; Rotary Club; Elks Club; Delta Kappa Epsilon 
Fraternity; Board of Directors, Durham Chamber of Commerce, 1962-72, Vice- 
President, 1972; President, Durham Merchants Association 1959. Member Dur- 
ham County Board of Education, 1957-66, Chairman 1959-66. Representative in 
the General Assembly, 1967, 1969, 1971 and 1973-74; Legislative Research Com- 



Legislative Branch 315 

mission, Chairman, Sub-committee on Health 1969; Chairman, House of Appropri- 
ations Committee 1971-72; Member, Advisory Budget Commission, 1971-72; 
North Carolina Legislative Building Governing Commission, 1971-72; Advisory 
Council of National Conference for State Legislative Leaders, 1972; Executive 
Residence Building Commission 1972. Senator in the General Assembly of 1973, 
1975; Chairman, Mental Health Study Commission 1973-74; Legislative Services 
Commission, 1973, 1974, 1975; Courts Commission, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974; Chair- 
man, Senate Health Committee, 1973-74; Vice-Chairman, Governmental Expendi- 
tures Study Commission, 1974. Steering Committee, Fiscal Affairs and Govern- 
ment Operations Committee of the Council of State Governments, 1974; Citizens 
Advisory Council to the UNC-CH Center for Alcohol Studies, 1974-75; Standardi- 
zation Committee, 1971-1972; Board of Governors of the National Society of Legis- 
lators, 1972; North Carolina Prevention of Blindness, Second Vice President, 
1972, Board of Directors, 1973, 1974, 1975; Director, Training Center for Hearing 
Impaired Children; Board of Higher Education, 1971, 1972. Member St. Phillips 
Episcopal Church, Durham; Junior Warden, 1959; Senior Warden, 1964; Member 
of Vestry 3 terms. Married Julia Bryan Zollicoffer, February 10, 1945. Children 1 
Kenneth Claiborne Royall III, 28; Jere Zollicoffer Royall, 23 and Julia Bryan 
Royall, 21. Address: 64 Beverly Drive, Durham. 

RALPH H. SCOTT 

(Democrat — Alamance County) 

(Eighteenth Senatorial District — County: Alamance. One Senator.) 

Ralph H. Scott, representing the Eighteenth Senatorial 
District, was born near Haw River December 12, 1903. Son 
of Robert Walter and Elizabeth (Hughes) Scott. Attended 
Hawfields High School, 1916-1920; North Carolina State 
j College, B.S., 1924. President of Melville Dairy, Inc. Mem- 

jjjk. ber, Kiwanis Club, President 1942; Chamber of Commerce, 

v," gife^ President, 1944-1945; Merchants Association; North Caro- 

Ht Jf^™ Hi li na Dairy Products Association, President, 1947; North 
Carolina Jersey Breeders Association, President, 1939; 
Chairman of Board, Alamance Dairy Foods; Chairman of Board, Carolina Cas- 
ualty Company, Jacksonville, Florida; Raleigh, Durham, Burlington Dairy Coun- 
cil, President, 1945-1946; Alamance County Tuberculosis Association, President, 
1942, 1953 and 1954; North Carolina State Grange; North Carolina Farm Bureau; 
member, Advisory Budget Commission, 1961-1964, 1967-1968, 1969-1971, 1973-1974, 
Chairman, 1973-74; Chairman, N. C. Department of Human Resources' Council on 
Developmental Disabilities. County Commissioner, 1944-1950. Mason; member 
Burlington Moose Lodge; Bula Lodge No. 409, A.F. & A.M.; Burlington BPO 
Elks No. 1633; Knights Templar; Royal Arch Masons; Oasis Temple. State Sen- 
ator in the General Assembly of 1951, 1953, 1955, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 
1971 and 1973-74. Trustee, Elon College, Trustee, Memorial Hospital of Alamance, 
Burlington; Member of Board of First Federal Savings & Loan, Burlington. Re- 
ceived the National Education Association's Dept. of Rural Education, 1966; Na- 
tional Distinguished Legislative Service Award; North Carolina Dairy Products 




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North Carolina Manual 



Association's Distinguished Service Award, Jan., 1971. Presbyterian; Elder since 
1950; Chairman Board of Deacons, 1938-1950; Moderator of Orange Presbytery, 
1970. Married Hazeleene Tate, November 11, 1925. Children: Miriam Scott Mayo, 
Tarboro; Ralph Henderson Scott, Jr., Route 1, Haw River; and William Clevenger 
Scott, Burlington. Address: Haw River. 



KATHERINE ANN HAGEN SEBO 



(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Nineteenth Senatorial District — County: Guilford. 



Three Senators.) 



Katherine Ann Hagen Sebo, representing the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
July 9, 1944. Daughter of Kristofer Hagen and Bertha El- 
vira Johanson Hagen. Attended Edina Jr. and Sr. High 
School, Edina, Minn., 1956-1959; KoHaikanal Hi<_rh Schoool, 
Kodaikanal, South India, 1960-61 ; University of Minnesota 
1961-62; Oberlin College, 1962-65, B.A.; The American 
University School of International Service, M.A., 1968, 
Ph.D., 1973. College Professor. Member American Associa- 
tion of University Professors; American Political Science Association; Pi Gamma 
Mu; Altrusa International, Inc.; YWCA ; League of Women Voters. Appointed 
Chairman, Mayor's Committee on the Status of Women in Greensboro, 1972-73. 
Member Centenary United Methodist Church. Married Paul Gustav Sebo, June 
10, 1967. Address: 907 W. McGee Street, Greensboro. 




john McNeill smith, jr. 

(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Nineteenth Senatorial District — County 1 Guilford. Three Senators.) 

John McNeill Smith, Jr., representing the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Rowland, April 9, 1918. Son 
of John McNeill Smith, Sr. and Roberta Olivia (Andrew) 
Smith. Attended Rowland Public Schools, 1924-1934; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, A.B. degree, 1938; 
Columbia University Law School, LL.B., 1941. Member, 
Greensboro, America, and International Bar Associations; 
life member Judicial Conference, L T . S. Court of Appeals; 
International Association of Insurance Counsel; American 
Judicature Society; Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity; Phi Delta Phi 
(legal); Phi Beta Kappa, Vice President, 1937-1938; Order of Golden Fleece; 
Order of the Grail; Amphoterothen, President, 1936-1937; Chairman, ABA Sec- 
tion on Individual Rights and Responsibilities 1972-73; member, ABA National 
Commission on Rights of Mentally Disabled 1973-74; Director, Greensboro Cham- 
ber of Commerce, 1961-62; Chairman, Downtown Improvement Committee 1961- 
64; winner, North Carolina Planning Award, 1963; and Chamber of Commerce 
Award for Outstanding Service, 1965; State Chairman of International Relations 
when a Jaycee; an incorporator, 1954, and past President, American Freedom 




Legislative Branch 317 

Association, and Chairman for several years, Southeastern World Affairs In- 
stitute. Past President, America Business Club; member, Executive Committee, 
Southern Regional Council 1966-70, and Board of Trustees, North Carolina Out- 
ward Bound School; charter member, Greensboro Citizens for Greensboro Col- 
lege; charter member, Secretary and Director, Excellence Fund, UNC-G, and 
member, Board of Directors, Hayes-Taylor YMCA. Editor of Equal Protection of 
the Laws in North Carolina, 1963, Report of the N. C. Advisory Committee, Chair- 
man, 1959-63. Visiting Professor, Constitutional Law, UNC Law School, 1964- 
65. Served in U. S. Navy, 1941-45; Lt. Commander, USNR; Reserve Officers 
Association, USA. Methodist; elected several terms, Lay Leader, Guilford and 
Rockingham counties; Sunday School teacher since 1945; President, Men's Fellow- 
ship, 1958-59; member Official Board and Chairman, Ecumenical Affairs Commis- 
sion, West Market Street United Methodist Church; President, (1972) Greens- 
boro Association of Churches and Synagogues; Vice President, (1972-73) North 
Carolina Council of Churches. House of Representatives, 1970-71; Senate 1971- 
74. Married Louise Huske Jordan, May 19, 1941. Children: Mrs. Louise Jordan 
Smith Nichols, Anne Talbott Smith, John McNeill Smith, III and Eleanor Huske 
Smith. Address: 2501 West Market Street, Greensboro. 

THOMAS LYNWOOD SMITH 

(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Nineteenth Senatorial District — County: Guilford. Three Senators.) 

Thomas Lynwood Smith, representing the Nineteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Maxton, May 10, 1908. Son 
of Thomas Leak Smith and Mayme McF. McCallum Smith. 
Attended Blue Ridge School for Boys, 1924-25; Georgia Mili- 
tary Academy, 1926-28; Rutherford Junior College, 1928-29; 
Wake Forest University, 1930-34, LL.B. Attorney. Member, 
High Point and North Carolina State Bar Associations, 
American Bar Association. Past Director and Treasurer, 
National Association of Hosiery Manufacturers. Member, 
Kappa Alpha (social) Fraternity, Newcomen Society of North Carolina, High 
Point Rotary Club, and was selected as High Point's "Man of the Year" for 1969. 
Served on High Point City Council 1958-62; Mayor Pro-Tern for High Point 1958- 
62. Presidential Elector, 1940. Judge Pro-Tern High Point Municipal Court 1957- 
58. Appointed N. C. State Highway Commissioner, Seventh Division, by Governor 
Robert W. Scott July, 1969. Elected to Alumni Council of Wake Forest Univ. 
February, 1970; received Distinguished Service Citation on "Politics and Govern- 
ment" from WFU May, 1970; elected to the Board of Visitors of WFU School of 
Law January, 1971; appointed member of the Law Committee of WFU School of 
Law February, 1971 ; received Distinguished Alumnus Award for Noteworthy 
Service and Success in the fields of business and law through leadership in the 
textile industry in North Carolina, from Georgia Military Academy, College Park, 
Georgia, October, 1971. Trustee of Woodward Academy, Atlanta, Ga.; Oak Ridge 
Academy, Oak Ridge, N. C; and Methodist College, Favetteville, N. C; Director 
in several North Carolina Corporations. Member Wesley Memorial Methodist 




318 



North Carolina Manual 



Church and past Chairman of the Official Board of Stewards. Married Sarah 
Elizabeth "Betsy" Armfield January 4, 1938. Two children: Mrs. Cornelia Arm- 
field Smith Pell and Thomas Lynwood Smith, Jr. Address: 1031 Rockford Road, 
High Point. 



WILLIAM GRAY SMITH 

(Democrat — New Hanover County) 
(Fourth Senatorial District — Counties: New Hanover and Pender. One Senator.) 

William Gray Smith, representing the Fourth Senatorial 
District, was born in Goldsboro, January 3, 1922. Son 
of Walter G. Smith and Eloise (Price) Smith. Graduated 
Tarboro High School, 1939; Wake Forest College, 1948, A.B.; 
UNC Law School, 1950, LL.B. Lawyer. Member, N. C. Bar 
Association; State Bar, Inc.; American Bar Association; 
N. C. Academy of Trial Lawyers; American Judicature 
Society; American Trial Lawyers Association; Board of 
Governors for the N. C. Trial Lawyers; President, New 
Hanover Bar Association. Served Corporal, U. S. Army, March, 1944-October, 
1945. Member, Methodist Church; Church Board; Sunday School Teacher. Mar- 
ried Helen Smith, December 28, 1945. Three Children: Julia Smith Capone, 24; 
Walter M. Smith, 21; Barbara Smith, 14. Address: P. O. Box 1761, Wilmington. 




DANIEL LIVINGSTONE STALLINGS 

(Democrat — Craven County) 
(Second Senatorial District — Counties: Carteret, Craven and Pamlico. One 
Senator.) 

Daniel Livingstone Stallings was born in Craven County 
July 19, 1917. Son of Robert Lee Stallings and Lilly Tingle 
Stallings. Graduated New Bern High School, 1934; Mars 
Hill College, 1936; University of North Carolina, 1938, B.S. 
degree in Business Administration. Insurance business, 
general insurance agency; Member, North Carolina Inde- 
pendent Insurance Agents Association, and Carolina As- 
sociation of Mutual Insurance Agents. Member, Craven 
County Board of Commissioners, 19C2-72, Chairman, 1962- 
70. President N. C. Association of County Commissioners, 1970. Member Masonic 
Order, 32nd° ; Sudan Temple; New Bern Scottish Rite Bodies; New Bern York 
Rite Bodies; B. P. O. E., Lodge 764; Loyal Order of the Moose; Woodmen of the 
World; Civitan. Recipient of "Civitan of the Year" Award, 1960; "Citizen of the 
Year" Award, 1962; "Distinguished Citizen of the Year" Award. N. C. District 
East, Civitan International, 1971. Phi Beta Kappa, University of North Carolina, 
1938. Past president, Neuse River Regional Planning and Development Council; 
President Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad. Member, West New Bern Presby- 
terian Church, member of Session 1966-72; Moderator, Albemarle Presbytery, 
1970. Married Evelyn Ricks April 7, 1948. Four children: Dan L. Stallings, Jr., 





Legislative Branch 319 

Mrs. Hugh B. Mills, Jr., Mrs. Hal F. Humphrey, Jr. and Joseph H. Stallings. Ad- 
dress: P. 0. Box 1733, New Bern. 



WILLIAM W. STATON 

(Democrat — Lee County) 

(Fourteenth Senatorial District — Counties: Wake, Harnett and Lee. Three 
Senators.) 

William W. Staton, representing the Fourteenth Sena- 
torial District, was born in Union County, October 11, 1917. 
Son of Oscar M. and Mae (Young) Staton. Attended Stone- 
ville High School, Stoneville; Mt. Ulla High School, Mt. 
Ulla; Wake Forest College, B.S. degree, 1938; Wake Forest 
Law School, LL.B. degree, 1941; University of North Caro- 
lina, graduate study in law, 1946; Wake Forest University, 
J.D. degree, 1971. Member Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. 
Lawyer. Member Lee County Bar Assn. ; Fourth Judicial 
District Bar Assn., President, 1964-1965; State Bar Assn.; American Bar Assn.; 
North Carolina State Bar. Attorney for City Board of Education, 1956-1972; 
County Attorney, Lee County, 1958-1960; Attorney for Central Carolina Technical 
Institute, 1960-1972; City Attorney, City of Sanford, 1962-1964; Attorney for 
Town of Carrboro, 1971-1972. Member, Lee County Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee, 1948-1949; President, Young Democratic Clubs of North Carolina, 1951-1952; 
Democratic National Committeeman for North Carolina, 1960-1964. Delegate, 
Democratic National Convention 1952, 1956, and 1964. Past President, Chamber 
of Commerce, City of Sanford; past President, Sanford Executive Club; past Presi- 
dent, United Fund of Lee County. Member State Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee, 1951-1952, 1960-1964; Board of Trustees, Wake Forest University; Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks; Royal Order of Moose. Entered U. S. Army as pri- 
vate, 1942; served in European Theatre during three campaigns; awarded Bronze 
Star for Valor, Ardennes Campaign, 1945; discharged as Captain of Artillery 
1946; Colonel, Judge Advocate General's Corps, North Carolina Army National 
Guard, (retired). Member North Carolina Veteran's Commission 1966. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1967. State Senator in the General Assembly 
of 1969, 1971, and 1973-74. Member First Baptist Church of Sanford; member 
Board of Deacons; Teacher Men's Bible Class for 20 years; and Vice-President 
Occoneechee Council, Boy Scouts of America. Married Ellen Douglas Boone, June 
28, 1947. Children: William Wayne, Jr., 25, and Allyn Moore Station, 22. Address: 
636 Palmer Drive, Sanford. 



THOMAS EDWARD STRICKLAND 

(Democrat — Wayne County) 
(Eighth Senatorial District — Counties: Greene and Wayne. One Senator.) 



320 



North Carolina Manual 




Thomas Edward Strickland, representing the Eighth 
Senatorial District, was born in Wayne County, June 16, 
1930, son of Willie and Weltha White (Dail) Strickland. 
Attended New Hope Hope High School, 1945-1946; Oak 
Ridge Military Institute, 1947-1948; University of North 
Carolina, A.B. degree in Political Science, 1952; Wake Forest 
Law School, LL.B. degree, 1955. Lawyer. Member, Wayne 
County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; 
American Bar Association ; American Trial Lawyers As- 
sociation; American Judicature Society; Goldsboro Chamber of Commerce; Com- 
mittee of One Hundred; Grange; Farm Bureau; Harmony Lodge No. 340, A.F. 
and A.M.; Independent Order of Odd Fellows; Woodmen of the World. Chair- 
man of New Hope Advisory Committee, 1963-1966. Lieutenant, U. S. Marine 
Corps, 1955-1957. Representative in the General Assembly of 1967 and 1969; 
Senate, 1971, and 1973-74 Sessions. Member, General Statutes Commission, 
1969-1971; State Government Reorganization Committee; Criminal Code Com- 
mission; Advisory Budget Commission, 1973-1974. Member Saulston United 
Methodist Church; Lay Speaker; Chairman of the Official Board. Married Shirley 
Lancaster December 25, 1953. Children: Larry Thomas, 18, and Ruth Ann, 15. 
Address: Route 2, Goldsboro. 



THOMAS HENRY SUDDARTH 



(Democrat — Davidson County) 

(Twenty-first Senatorial District — Counties: Davidson, Davie, Rowan. Two 
Senators.) 

Thomas Henry Suddarth, representing the Twenty-first 

f Senatorial District, was born in New Bern, Tennessee. Son 

of Thomas Henry Suddarth (deceased) and Oneita Springer 
r& &W Suddarth. Graduated Gallatin High School, Gallatin, Ten- 

.4kM nessee, 1941; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 

1948, B.S.; University of North Carolina Law School, 1951, 
LL.B. Attorney. Member, N. C. State Bar; N. C. As- 
sociation ; American Bar Association ; Davidson County Bar 
Association; Phi Delta Phi; A.O.P.A. Law Clerk, John J. 
Parker, 1951-1952; President Ten G, Inc. Write Article— UNC Law Review 1951. 
Member, Unharrie Council Executive Board, Boy Scouts of America, 1956-. Re- 
cipient, Silver Beaver Award 1973; Lt. Governor, Carolinas District, Division 3-W, 
1973-74; President, Lexington Kiwanis Club 1971. Served Sgt. Army — Infantry, 
1943-1945. Served County Court Solicitor 1958-1962; County Attorney 1962- 
1966; Chairman, Davidson County Democratic Executive Committee 1962-1966. 
Member, First Baptist Church of Lexington, N. C. ; Sunday School Teacher, Men's 
Class 1955-1968, Couple's Class 1970-1973; Deacon 1965-. Married Jeanne R. 
Suddarth, September 24, 1973. Two Children: Elizabeth Lee, 16; Thomas Sterling, 
10. Address: 408 Country Club Drive, Lexington. 




Legislative Branch 



321 



CARL D. TOTHEROW 

(Democrat — Forsyth County) 
(Twentieth Senatorial District — County: Forsyth. Two Senators.) 






Ik 



Carl D. Totherow, representing the Twentieth Sena- 
torial District, was born April 16, 1921. Merchant. Married 
Thelma Hunter Totherow. Address: 713 Longbow Rd., 
Winston-Salem. 



 



CHARLES EUGENE VICKERY 



(Democrat — Orange County) 
(Sixteenth Senatorial District — Counties: Chatham, Moore, Orange, Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Charles Eugene Vickery, representing the Sixteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Greenville, S. C, September 
22, 1943. Son of Victor Van Vickery, and Elna (Freeman) 
Vickery. Attended Cool Springs High School, Forest City, 
N. C; The Citadel, 1965, B.S.; University of North Caro- 
lina of North Carolina Law School, 1968. Attorney. Mem- 
ber, Orange County Bar Association; Fifteenth Judicial 
District Bar Association ; North Carolina Bar Association ; 
American Bar Association ; Phi Delta Theta Legal Fratern- 
ity. Assistant District Attorney, 29th Judicial District, 1970; Assistant District 
Attorney, 15th Judicial District, 1970-71; Active in Orange County Democratic 
Party and State Democratic Party Affairs. Served U. S. Army Reserves, 1968- 
1974. Member Baptist Church. Married Jean Marshall Vickery, June 4, 1970. 
One Son: Andrew Marshall Vickery, 2. Address: 515 Morgan Creek Road, Chapel 
Hill. 




RUSSELL GRADY WALKER 

(Democrat — Randolph County) 
(Sixteenth Senatorial District- — Counties: Chatham, Moore, Orange, Ran- 
dolph. Two Senators.) 

Russell Grady Walker, representing the Sixteenth Sen- 
atorial District, was born in Conetoe, N. C, August 26, 1918. 
Son of Ashley Walker and Alleen Bryant Walker. Grad- 
uated, High Point High School; Graduate Army Air Force 
Pilot Training School. Chain Super Market Operator; Pres- 
ident Food Line Super Markets, Inv. Member, North Caro- 
lina Food Dealers Association; Super Market Institute of 
North Carolina. First Vice-president, North Carolina 
Food Dealers Association. Member Masonic Order, Balfour 




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North Carolina Manual 



Lodge, Asheboro, N. C. Served Army Air Corps, 1941-1946; U. S. Air Force, 
1947-1955. Served Asheboro City Council (2 terms) 1961-1965. Member First 
Baptist Church, Asheboro, N. C; Deacon 1968-1971. Married Ruth Brunt Walker, 
July 13, 1941. Three Children: Russell G. Walker, Jr., 31; Mrs. Susan Walker 



Fernandez, 
Asheboro. 



Stephen Allen Walker, 22. Address: 1004 Westmount Drive, 



JAMES WADE WALSH 

(Democrat — Caldwell County) 
(Twenty-fourth Senatorial District — Counties: Avery, Burke, Caldwell, 
Mitchell, Watauga, Wilkes. Two Senators.) 

James Wade Marsh, representing the Twenty-fourth 
Senatorial District, was born in Boomer, N. C, October 25, 
1912. Son of William Cornelius Walsh and Lou Triplett 
Walsh. Attended Boomer Ferguson, Wilkesboro, 1919-1932; 
Member Masonic Orders; Moose Orders. Member Baptist 
Church; Financial Committee. Married Winifred Blanken- 
ship Walsh, May, 1932. Three Children: James Ralph 
Walsh, 41; Hazel Lovellen Walsh, 29; Joyce Linda Walsh, 
36. Address: 811 Wild Cherry Place, Lenoir. 




WESLEY DAVIS WEBSTER 

(Democrat — Rockingham County) 
(Fifteenth Senatorial District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe, Caswell, Rocking- 
ham, Stokes, Surry. Two Senators.) 

Wesley Davis Webster was born in Madison, September 
15, 1923. Son of Henry Samuel and Mabel Gray (Davis) 
Webster. Attended Madison City Schools, 1942. Represen- 
tative in the General Assembly, 1971; Senator, 1973-74. 
Vice President, H. J. Grogan Hardware, Inc.; Vice President 
People's Bank of North Carolina. Commissioner, Rocking- 
ham County, 1958-1970; Chairman, Rockingham County 
Commissioners, 1964-1970. Member, Board of North Carolina 
Association of County Commissioners, two years. Trustee 
Rockingham Community College; Rockingham County Health Board; Dan River 
District Scout Executive Committee. Past President, Madison Merchants Assn. ; 
presently Director, Madison Merchants Assn.; past Commander, American Legion; 
past Commander, Madison V.F.W. Served in U. S. Army, 1943-1945, Staff Ser- 
geant. Member Madison United Methodist Church, Madison. Married Wanda 
Grogan, July 10, 1943. One son, Wesley Dodd Webster, and one daughter, Mrs. 
Connie Webster Fearing; two grandchildren, Todd and Wendy. Address: Madison. 




WILLIS PADGETT WHICHARD 

(Democrat — Durham County) 
(Thirteen Senatorial District — Counties: Durham, Granville and Person. 
Two Senators.) 




Legislative Branch 323 

Willis Padgett Whichard, representing the Thirteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Durham, May 24, 1940. Son 
of the late Willis Guilford Whichard and Beula Padgett 
Whichard. Attended Durham City Schools, 1946-1958; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, A.B., 1962; University of North 
Carolina School of Law, J.D., 1965. Practicing attorney with 
laf firm of Powe, Porter, Alphin and Whichard, P. A., Dur- 
ham. Member, American Bar Assn.; North Carolina Bar 
Assn.; Durham County Bar Assn.; North Carolina State 
Bar; Phi Beta Kappa; Phi Alpha Delta; Phi Delta Phi; Order of the 
Coif. Co-author, article entitled "Limiting Confidential Communications in Coun- 
seling" published in September, 1970 issue of the Personnel and Guidance Journal. 
Law Clerk to Justice (later Chief Justice) William H. Bobbitt, North Carolina 
Supreme Court, 1965-1966; member, North Carolina General Statutes Commis- 
sion, 1969-1973; Summer Intern in State Government, 1962. Enlisted man, Head- 
quarters and Headquarters Detachment, North Carolina Army National Guard, 
1966-1972. Life member, North Carolina National Guard Association, (Judge Ad- 
vocate, 1972-73). Baptist. Member, Durham Jaycees, 1966-, (Program Chairman, 
1967-1968; Secretary 1968-1970; Legal Counsel, 1970-1971); Durham County 
Campaign Director for March of Dimes, 1968 and 1969; Chapter Chairman, Dur- 
ham County Chapter, National Foundation, March of Dimes, 1969-1974; Board 
Member, Durham County Chapter, American Red Cross, 1971- ; Board Member, 
Transition of Youth, Inc., 1971- ; Board Member, Senior Citizens Coordinating 
Council, 1972- ; Board Member, U.N.C. Law Alumni Assn., 1971-1974; Board 
Member, Southern Growith Policies Board, 1971- ; Board Member, Durham 
Y.M.C.A., 1973- ; Representative, N. C. General Assembly, 1970-74; Senator, 
1975; Member, N. C. Legislative Research Commission, 1971-73, (Chairman of 
Subcommittee on Motor Vehicle Laws) ; Member, Governor's Advisory Committee 
on Youth Development, 1972-73. Member, Kiwanis Club of Tobaccoland, 1974. 
Recipient of Distinguished Service Award as "Young Man of Year" in Durham, 
1971. Married Leona Irene Paschal, June 4, 1961. One daughter Jennifer Diane 
Whichard, 6. Address: 5608 Woodberry Rd., Durham. 



VERNON E. WHITE 

(Democrat — Pitt County) 

(Sixth Senatorial District — Counties: Edgecombe, Halifax, Martin and Pitt. 
Two Senators.) 

Vernon E. White, representing the Sixth Senatorial 
District, was born in Hertford County, April 27, 1906. Son 
of Charles Thomas and Emma Dale (Liverman) White. 
Attended Aulander High School, class of 1925; Wake Forest 
University, B.S. degree 1929 and B.A. degree, 1931. Farmer. 
Principal and teacher, 1929-1940; County Supervisor, Farm- 
er's Home Administration 1941-1943; Chairman, Board of 
Trustees of Pitt Technical Institute; Member, Board of 
Trustees of Chowan College; Board of Advisors to Chowan 
College; Former Chairman, Pitt County Planning Board; Former Member 




324 North Carolina Manual 

and Treasurer of Pitt County Development Commission; Former Mem- 
ber Pitt County Draft Board and Chairman for three years. Former Member Pitt 
County Board of Health, Chairman 1966; Former Member of Board of Trustees 
Shepherd Memorial Library, Greenville. Member, Pitt County Board of Commis- 
sioners, 1963-1966, Chairman, 1966. Member, Ruritan Club; Kiwanis Internation- 
al; Loyal Order of Moose; President of Winterville Kiwanis Club in 1963. Veteran 
of World War II. State Senator in the General Assembly of 1969, 1971 and 1973- 
74. Member Winterville Missionary Baptist Church Board of Deacons for six- 
teen years and three times chairman; Director, Sunday School for nineteen 
years. Married Louise Ange of Winterville, 1931. One son, Charles Vernon 
White. Address: P. O. Box 41, Winterville. 




JOHN WESLEY WINTERS 

(Democrat — Wake County) 

(Fourteenth Senatorial District — Counties: Harnett, Lee, Wake. Three Sen- 
ators.) 

John Wesley Winters, representing the Fourteenth 
Senatorial District, was born in Raleigh, N. C, January 21, 
1920. Son of Charlie and Lillie (Summerville) Winters. 
Graduated Boys High School 1939. Attended Virginia State 
College; Shaw University; Long Island University. Real 

IJrL Estate-Construction; Member Wake County Homebuilders 

f^fer^^^^k Association; National Association of Home Builders; Delta 
I ^ J/l Mu Delta — National Honor Society in Business Administra- 

tion; Phi Beta Alpha — Honor Society St. Augustine's Col- 
lege; Doctor of Law — Shaw University; Omega Psi Phi Fraternity. Author of 
Getting It Together (Published by: Berkely Burrell & John Seder). Served 
Raleigh City Council, 1961-1963, 1963-1965, 1965-1967; Board of Governors, 
1973-1974. Member St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church; Board of Consultants to 
Bishop-President; Vice-President Parrish Advisory Council — Cardinal Gibbons 
School Board. Married Marie Winters, February 3, 1941. Seven Children: Frances 
W. Carter, 33; John W. Winters, Jr., 32; Donna W. LaRoche, 26; Naomi Regina 
Winters, 23; Rebecca Joyce Winters, 21; Roland Edward Winters, 20; Seanne 
Marie Winters, 16. Address: 8001 Caddy Road, Raleigh. 



Legislative Branch 



325 



ROY ROWE 

PRINCIPAL CLERK OF SENATE 

Roy Rowe, Democrat, was born in Burgaw, North Caro- 
lina, May 29, 1905. Son of Nicholas Henry and Mary Bell 
Rowe. Member Class of 1927 UNC Chapel Hill. Former 
owner of theatres, motel, apartments, and farms in Eastern 
North Carolina. Former President of Carolina Aero Club; 
Former President of Theatre Owners of North and South 
Carolina; Former Chairman of N. C. Aeronautics Commis- 
sion. Recent President of National Association of Govern- 
ing Boards of Universities and Colleges. Author of Treatise 
on N. C. Governor's Council on Aging (UNC Library Chapel Hill). Served as 
Major, Civil Air Patrol 1943-1948. Married Nina Worsley Rowe (deceased), 
February 22, 1929. Two Children: Tonia Rowe Bryan, 42; Roy Rowe, Jr., 29. 
Address: 2809 Wade Avenue, Raleigh. 




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North Carolina Manual 



OCCUPATIONS OF 

Accountant 

Renfrow, Edward 

Appliance Business 

Mills, William D. 

Attorney 

Allsbrook, Julian R. 
Britt, Luther J., Jr. 
Crawford, I. C. 
Davis, E. Lawrence 
Gudger, Lamar 
Hill, Cecil 
Kirby, J. Russell 
Smith, J. McNeill 
Smith, Lynwood 
Smith, William G. 
Staton, William W. 
Strickland, Thomas E. 
Suddarth, Tom 
Vickery, Charles E. 
Whichard, Willis P. 

Banker 

Daniels, Melvin R., Jr. 
Webster, Wesley D. 

College Professor 

Sebo, Katherine H. 

Coordinator 

Odom, Mary Home 

Corporate Executive 

Moore, Herman A. 

Dairy Business 

Scott, Ralph H. 

Electronic Industry 

Barker, Bobby L. 



MEMBERS OF THE 1975 SENATE 

Farmer 

Palmer, Joe H. 
White, Vernon E. 

Funeral Business 

Harris, Ollie 
Mills, William D. 
Royall, Kenneth C, Jr. 

Hardware Dealer 

Webster, Wesley D. 

Housing Management 

Alexander, Fred D. 

Insurance 

Alford, Dallas L., Jr. 

Kincaid, Donald 

McDuffie, Jim 

Nye, Edd 

Stallings, D. Livingstone 

Manufacturer - Farm Machinery 

Harrington, J. J. 

Manufacturer - Hosiery 

Mauney, W. K. 

Manufacturer - Textiles 

Rauch, Marshall A. 
Childers, Jack (retired) 

Merchant 

Totherow, Carl D. 
Walker, Russell 

Oil Business 

Garrdison, James B. 
Hardison, Harold W. 



Legislative Branch 



327 



Pastor 

Combs, Bobby Lee 

Pharmacist 

Henley, Jobn T. 

Real Estate 

Alford, Dallas L., Jr. 
Jernigan, Glenn R. 
Marion, George W., Jr. 
Winters, John W. 



Retired 

Lackey, Pleas 
Welsh, Wade 

Teacher 

Odom, Mary Home 
Kincaid, Donald R. 

T.V. Station Owner 

Bahakel, Cy N. 



328 



North Carolina Manual 



1975 SENATE COMMITTEES 



COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE 



Alford, Dallas L. 
Barker, Bob L. 
Hardison, Harold W. 
Harrington, J. J. 
Kincaid, Donald R. 



White, Vernon E. — Chairman 
Renfrow, Edward — Vice Chairman 



Lackey, Pleas 
Nye, Edd 
Palmer, Joe H. 
Scott, Ralph 



COMMITTEE ON ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE CONTROL 



Britt, Luther J. 
Combs, Bobby Lee 
Davis, E. Lawrence 



Jernigan, Glenn R. — Chairman 
Harris, Ollie — -Vice Chairman 



McDuffie, James D. 
Nye, Edd 
Walsh, J. Wade 



COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 



Allsbrook, Julian R. 
Bahakel, Cy N. 
Childers, Jack 
Combs, Bobby Lee 
Crawford, I. C. 
Daniels, Melvin R. 
Davis, E. Lawrence 
Garrison, James B. 
Hardison, Harold W. 
Harris, Ollie 
Henley, John T. 
Hill, Cecil J. 
Kincaid, Donald R. 
Kirby, J. Russell 



Scott, Ralph — Chairman 
Mills, William D. — Vice Chairman 



Lackey, Pleas 
McDuffie, James D. 
Marion, George W., Jr. 
Renfrow, Edward 
Royall, Kenneth C. 
Smith, McNeill 
Stallings, D. Livingstone 
Strickland, Thomas E. 
Suddarth, Tom 
Totherow, Carl D. 
Vickery, Charles E. 
Whichard, Willis P. 
White, Vernon E. 
Winters, John W. 



APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 1 
ON HUMAN RESOURCES AND CORRECTIONS GROUP 



Crawford, I. C. — Chairman 
Royall, Kenneth C. — Vice Chairman 



Daniels, Melvin R. 
Harris, Ollie 
Henley, John T. 



Lackey, Pleas 
Mills, William D. 
Whichard, Willis P. 



Legislative Branch 



329 



APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 2 ON EDUCATION 



Childers, Jack 
Kirby, J. Russell 
Mills, William D. 
Renfrow, Edward 



Stallings, D. Livingstone — Chairman 
White, Vernon E. — Vice Chairman 



Smith, McNeill 
Strickland, Thomas E. 
Winters, John W. 



APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 3 
ON GENERAL GOVERNMENT AND TRANSPORTATION 



Allsbrook, Julian R. 
Combs, Bobby Lee 
McDuffie, James D. 



Hardison, Harold W. — Chairman 
Garrison, James B. — Vice Chairman 



Mills, William D. 
Suddarth, Tom 
Totherow, Carl D. 



APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 4 
ON STATE GOVERNMENT PLANNING AND PERSONNEL 



Bahakel, Cy N. — Chairman 
Kincaid, Donald R. — Vice Chairman 



Davis, E. Lawrence 

Hill, Cecil J. 

Marion, George W., Jr. 



Mills, William D. 
Vickery, Charles E. 



COMMITTEE ON BANKING 

Garrison, James B. — Chairman 
Hardison, Harold W. — Vice Chairman 



Alexander, Fred D. 
Barker, Bob L. 
Daniels, Melvin R. 

Staton, William W. 

Totherow, Carl D. 



Hill, Cecil J. 

Mauney, William K. 

Smith, Lynwood 
Webster, Wesley D. 



COMMITTEE ON COURTS AND JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Whichard, Willis P. — Chairman 
Smith, William G. — Vice Chairman 
Vickery, Charles G. — Vice Chairman 



Bahakel, Cy N. 
Britt, Luther J. 
Crawford, I. C. 
Gudger, Lamar 



Kirby, J. Russell 
McDuffie, James D. 
Strickland, Thomas E. 



330 



North Carolina Manual 



COMMITTEE ON CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CORRECTIONS 



Alexander, Fred D. 
Alford, Dallas L. 
Allsbrook, Julian R. 
Harris, Ollie 



Gudger, Lamar — Chairman 
Sebo, Katherine H. — Vice Chairman 



Jernigan, Glenn R. 
Kirby, J. Russell 
Suddarth, Tom 
Whichard, Willis P. 



COMMITTEE ON THE ECONOMY 



Bahakel, Cy N. 
Crawford, I. C. 
Hardison, Harold W. 
Henley, John T. 
Kirby, J. Russell 



Mills, William D. — Chairman 



Royall, Kenneth C. 
Scott, Ralph 

Stallings, D. Livingstone 
Strickland, Thomas E. 
Webster, Wesley D. 



COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION 



Childers, Jack 
Gudger, Lamar 
Marion, George W., Jr. 
Mills, William D. 



Alford, Dallas L. — Chairman 

Lackey, Pleas — Vice Chairman 

Odom, Mary H. — Vice Chairman 



Sebo, Katherine H. 
Walker, Russell 
White, Vernon E. 



COMMITTEE ON FINANCE 



Kirby, J. Russell — Chairman 
Webster, Wesley D. — Vice Chairman 



Alexander, Fred D. 
Alford, Dallas L. 
Barker, Bob L. 
Britt, Luther J. 
Gudger, Lamar 
Harrington, J. J. 

Rauch, Marshall A. 

Scott, Ralph 

Sebo, Katherine H. 

Smith, Lynwood 



Jernigan, Glenn R. 
Mauney, William K. 
Moore, Herman A. 
Nye, Edd 

Odom, Mary H. 

Palmer, Joe H. 

Smith, William G. 

Staton, William W. 

Walker, Russell 

Walsh, Wade J. 



Legislative Branch 



331 



COMMITTEE ON HIGHER EDUCATION 



Crawford, I. C. 
Daniels, Melvin R. 
Harrington, J. J. 
Rauch, Marshall A. 
Scott, Ralph 
Sebo, Katherine H. 



Strickland, Thomas E. — Chairman 
Alexander, Fred D. — Vice Chairman 



Suddarth, Tom 
Totherow, Carl D. 
Vickery, Charles E. 
White, Vernon E. 
Winters, John W. 



COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RESOURCES 



Allsbrook, Julian R. 
Bahakel Cy N. 
Gudger, Lamar 
Henley, John T. 
Mills, William D. 
Odom, Mary H. 



Royall, Kenneth C. — Chairman 
Harris, Ollie — Vice Chairman 



Rauch, Marshall A. 
Scott, Ralph 
Sebo, Katherine H. 
Walker, Russell 
White, Vernon E. 



COMMITTEE ON INSURANCE 



Alexander, Fred D. 
Alford, Dallas L. 
Britt, Luther J. 
Garrison, James B. 
Jernigan, Glenn R. 
Kincaid, Donald R. 



Barker, Bob L. — Chairman 
Henley, John T. — Vice Chairman 



Marion, George W. 
Nye, Edd 
Smith, Lynwood 
Staton, William W. 
Stallings, D. Livingstone 
Totherow, Carl D. 



COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY I 



Allsbrook, Julian R. — Chairman 
Suddarth, Thomas H. — Vice Chairman 



Alford, Dallas L. 
Gudger, Lamar 
Marion, George W., Jr. 
Renfrow, Edward 



Smith, Lynwood 
Staton, William W. 
Totherow, Carol D. 
Walsh, J. Wade 



332 



North Carolina Manual 



COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY II 



Crawford, I. C. 
Davis, E. Lawrence 
Kirby, J. Russell 
Odom, Mary H. 
Sebo, Katherine H. 
Smith, McNeill 



Britt, Luther J. — Chairman 
Hill, Cecil J. — Vice Chairman 



Smith, William G. 
Strickland, Thomas E. 
Vickery, Charles E. 
Whichard, Willis P. 
Winters, John W. 



COMMITTEE ON LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIME CONTROL 



Bahakel, Cy N. 
Crawford, I. C. 
Harrington, J. J. 
Harris, Ollie 
Odom, Mary H. 
Palmer, Joe H. 



Rauch, Marshall A. — Chairman 
McDuffie, James D. — Vice Chairman 



Renfrow, Edward 
Smith, William G. 
Suddarth, Tom 
Walsh, J. Wade 
White, Vernon E. 



COMMITTEE ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT 
AND REGIONAL AFFAIRS 



Alexander, Fred D. 
Britt, Luther J. 
Crawford, I. C. 
Hill, Cecil J. 
Kincaid, Donald R. 
McDuffie, James D. 



Davis, E. Lawrence — Chairman 
Marion, George W., Jr. — Vice Chairman 



Moore, Herman A. 
Nye, Edd 

Stallings, D. Livingstone 
Walker, Russell 
Webster, Wesley D. 



COMMITTEE ON MANUFACTURING, LABOR AND COMMERCE 



Childers, Jack 
Combs, Bobby Lee 
Kincaid, Donald R. 
Lackey, Pleas 



Smith, Lynwood — Chairman 
Mauney, William K. — Vice Chairman 



Marion, George W., Jr. 
Rauch, Marshall A. 
Royall, Kenneth C. 
Walker, Russell 



Legislative Branch 



333 



COMMITTEE ON NATURAL AND ECONOMIC RESOURCES 

Staton, William W. — Chairman 

Daniels, Melvin R. — Vice Chairman 

Whichard, Willis P. — Vice Chairman 



Combs, Bobby Lee 
Davis, E. Lawrence 
Jernigan, Glenn R. 
Mauney, William K. 
Mills, William D. 



Royall, Kenneth C. 
Smith, Lynwood 
Smith, McNeill 
Vickery, Charles E. 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC UTILITIES AND ENERGY 



Allsbrook, Julian R. 
Bahakel, Cy N. 
Hardison, Harold W. 
Odom, Mary H. 
Palmer, Joe H. 
Royall, Kenneth C. 



Webster, Wesley D. — Chairman 
Childers, Jack — Vice Chairman 



Smith, McNeill 
Stallings, D. Livingstone 
Suddarth, Tom 
Vickery, Charles E. 
Walker, Russell 
Winters, John W. 



COMMITTEE ON RULES AND OPERATIONS OF THE SENATE 



Barker, Bob L. 
Garrison, James B. 
Hardison, Harold W. 
Harrington, J. J. 
Kirby, J. Russell 



Henley, John T. — Chairman 
Scott, Ralph — Vice Chairman 



Mills, William D. 
Smith, McNeill 
Strickland, Thomas E. 
Webster, Wesley D. 



COMMITTEE ON STATE GOVERNMENT 



Bahakel, Cy N. 
Barker, Bob L. 
Garrison, James B. 
Hardison, Harold W. 
Henley, John T. 
Hill, Cecil J. 



Smith, McNeill — Chairman 

Nye, Edd — Vice Chairman 

Winters, John W. — Vice Chairman 



Kirby, J. Russell 
Rauch, Marshall A. 
Scott, Ralph 

Stallings, D. Livingstone 
Staton, William W. 
Webster, Wesley D. 



334 



North Carolina Manual 



COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION 



Davis, E. Lawrence 
Garrison, James B. 
Henley, John T. 
Jernigan, Glenn R. 
McDuffie, James D. 
Moore, Herman A. 
Renfrow, Edward 



Harrington, J. J. — Chairman 
Combs, Bobby Lee — Vice Chairman 

Smith, William G. 
Stallings, D. Livingstone 
Strickland, Thomas E. 
Walsh, J. Wade 
Whichard, Willis P. 
Winters, John W. 



COMMITTEE ON VETERANS AND MILITARY AFFAIRS 



Allsbrook, Julian R. 
Childers, Jack 
Daniels, Melvin R. 
Harris, Ollie 



Mauney, William K. — Chairman 
Totherow, Carl D. — Vice Chairman 



Lackey, Pleas 
Palmer, Joe H. 
Renfrow, Edward 



Childers, Jack 
Combs, Bobby Lee 
Daniels, Melvin R. 
Kincaid, Donald R. 
Lackey, Pleas 



COMMITTEE ON WILDLIFE 



Moore, Herman A. — Chairman 
Palmer, Joe H. — Vice Chairman 



Mauney, William K. 
Mills, William D. 
Smith, William G. 
Walsh, J. Wade 



Legislative Branch 335 

RULES OF THE SENATE 1975 SESSION 

I. Order of Business, Rules 1-7 

II. Conduct of Debate, Rules 8-17 

III. Motions, Rules 18-24 

IV. Voting-, Rules 25-30 

V. Committees, Rules 31-37 

VI. Handling Bills, Rules 38-59 

VII. Legislative Officers and Employees, Rules 60-65 

VIII. General Rules, Rules 66-77 

I. Order of Business 

RULE. 1. Rules controlling the Senate of North Carolina and its Commit- 
tees.— The following rules shall govern and control all actions and procedures of 
the Senate and its committees. 

RULE 2. Convening hour. — The President shall take the chair at the hour 
fixed by the Senate upon adjournment on the preceding legislative day, and shall 
call the members to order. In case the Senate adjourned on the preceding legis- 
lative day without having fixed the hour of reconvening, the Senate shall recon- 
vene on the next legislative day at 1:00 p.m. 

RULE 3. Opening the session. — The President shall, upon order being ob- 
tained, have the sessions of the Senate opened with prayer. 

RULE 4. Convening in absence of President. — In the absence of the Presi- 
dent, the President pro tempore shall reconvene the Senate and preside, and dur- 
ing such time shall be vested with all powers of the President except that of cast- 
ing a vote in case of tie when he has already voted on the question as a Senator. 
In the event of the absence of the President and President pro tempore at any 
time fixed for the reconvening of the Senate, the Principal Clerk of the Senate, 
or in his absence also, some member of the Senate Committee on Rules and 
Operation of the Senate, shall call the Senate to order and designate some member 
to act as President. 

RULE 5. Quorum. — (a) A quorum consists of a majority of all the quali- 
fied members of the Senate. 

(b) When a lesser number than a quorum convene, the Senators present may 
send the doorkeeper or any person, for any or all absent Senators, as a majority 
of the Senators present determine. 

RULE. 6. Approval of Journal. — After the prayer, and upon appearance 
of a quorum, the President shall cause the Journal of the preceding day to be 



336 North Carolina Manual 

read and approved, unless the Chairman of the Committee on Rules and Opera- 
tion of the Senate or some member of the Senate by motion sustained by a ma- 
jority of the members present, has the reading thereof dispensed with and the 
same approved as written. 

RULE. 7. Order of business.— After approval of the Journal, the order of 
business shall be as follows: 

(1) Reports of standing committees. 

(2) Reports of select committees. 

(3) Introduction of bills, petitions, and resolutions. 

(4) Messages from the House of Representatives. 

(5) Unfinished business of preceding day. 

(6) Special orders. 

(7) General Orders: 

(a) Local bills in numerical order, Senate bills first 

(i) Third reading roll call and electronic voting system votes 

(ii) Second reading roll call and electronic voting system votes 

(iii) Second reading viva voce 

(iv) Third reading viva voce 

(b) Public bills in numerical order, Senate bills first 

(i) Third reading roll call and electronic voting system votes 

(ii) Second reading roll call and electronic voting system votes 

(iii) Second reading viva voce 

(iv) Third reading viva voce. 

II. Conduct of Debate 

RULE 8. President to ynaintain order. — The President shall have general 
direction of the Hall of the Senate and shall be authorized to take such action as 
is necessary to maintain order, and in case of any disturbance or disorderly con- 
duct in the galleries or lobbies, he shall have the power to order those areas clear- 
ed. 

RULE 9. Substitution for President. — The President shall have the right to 
call on any member to perform the duties of the Chair, but substitution shall not 
extend beyond one day. 

RULE 10. Points of order. — (a) The President shall preserve order and 
decorum and proceed with the business of the Senate according to the rules adopt- 
ed. He shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal to the Senate by 
any member, on which appeal no member shall speak more than once unless by 
leave of the Senate. A two-thirds vote of the members present is necessary co 
sustain any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

(b) In the event the Senate Rules do not provide for, or cover any point of 
order raised by any Senator, the rules of the United States House of Represen- 
tatives shall govern. 

(c) When a Senator is called to order he shall take his seat until the President 
determines whether he was in order or not; if decided to be out of order, he shall 



Legislative Branch 337 

not proceed without the permission of the Senate; and every question of order 
shall be decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the Senate by any Sen- 
ator; and if a Senator is called to order for words spoken, the words excepted to 
shall be immediately taken down in writing, that the President or Senate may be 
better able to judge the matter. 

RULE 11. Debating and voting by Lieutenant Governor. — The Lieutenant 
Governor, as President of the Senate, being a Constitutional Officer shall not have 
the right to debate any question or to address the Senate upon any proposition 
unless by permission of the majority of members present, and shall have the right 
to vote only when there is a tie vote upon any question or election. 

RULE 12. Obtaining recognition. — (a) When any Senator is about to speak 
in debate or deliver any matter to the Senate, he shall rise from his seat and re- 
spectfully address the President. No member shall speak until recognized by the 
President, and when two or more members rise at the same time, the President 
shall name the member to speak. 

(b) A Senator who has the floor may yield the floor to another Senator only 
for the purpose of allowing another Senator to state a question. Only the Chair 
may award the floor to any Senator for the purposes of allowing that Senator to 
engage in general debate. 

RULE 13. Recognition ) l 'or extending courtesies. — (a) Courtesies of the floor 
and galleries shall be extended only by the President on his own motion or upon 
the written request of a member of the Senate to former members of the General 
Assembly or to distinguished visitors. 

(b) Members may designate Honorary Pages by a statement delivered to the 
Principal Clerk who will have a certificate issued therefor. 

(c) The President may upon written request at intervals between various orders 
of business extend courtesies to schools or other special large groups visiting in 
the galleries while they are present, and the President shall, at such times as he 
deems appropriate, express to those visitors in the galleries the pleasure of the 
Senate for their presence. 

RULE 14. Limitations on individual debate. — (a) No Senator shall speak 
or debate more than three times nor longer than forty-five minutes on the same 
day on the same subject without leave of the Senate. 

(b) By permission of the President any member of the Senate may address the 
Senate from the lectern located on the floor before the dais for the purpose of ex- 
plaining a bill or resolution, stating a point of personal privilege or for the pur- 
pose of debate. 

RULE 15. Priority of business. — All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness shall be decided without debate. 

RULE 16. Reading of papers. — When the reading of a paper, other than a 
a petition, is called for, and any Senator objects to the reading, the question shall 
be determined by the Senate without debate. 

RULE 17. General decorum. — (a) Senators and visitors shall uncover their 
heads upon entering the Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session and shall 



338 North Carolina Manual 

continue uncovered during their continuance in the Chamber, unless one's religion 
requires his head to be covered. 

(b) No remark reflecting personally upon the action of any Senator shall be 
in order upon the floor of the Senate unless preceded by a motion or resolution o: 
censure. 

(c) When the President is putting a question, or a division by counting is in 
progress, no Senator shall walk out of or across the Chamber, nor when a Senator 
is speaking, pass between him and the President. 

(d) When a motion to adjourn or for recess is affirmatively determined, no 
member or officer shall leave his place until adjournment or recess is declared by 
the President. 

(e) Smoking shall not be allowed in the galleries of the Senate during Sessions. 
Smoking shall not be allowed on the floor of the Senate during Sessions, except by 
vote of a simple majority of the Senators present. 

(f) No remark soliciting the donation of funds for the support of any person 
or organization shall be in order upon the floor of the Senate, unless the remark 
has some relevance to a bill or resolution before the body. 

III. Motions 

RULE 18. Motions generally. — All motions shall be reduced to writing, if 
desired by the President or a Senator, delivered at the table, and read by L he 
President or Reading Clerk before the same are debated ; but any motion may ba 
withdrawn by the introducer at any time before decision or amendment. Except 
as otherwise specifically provided in these rules, no second is required. 

RULE 19. Motions; order of precedence. — When a question is before the 
Senate no motion shall be received except those herein specified, which motions 
shall have precedence as follows: 

(1) To adjourn. 

(2) To lay on the table. 

(3) For the previous question. 

(4) To postpone indefinitely. 

(5) To postpone to a certain day. 

(6) To commit to a standing committee. 

(7) To commit to a select committee. 

(8) To amend. 

(9) To substitute. 

RULE 20. Motions to adjourn and to lay on the table. — The motions to ad- 
journ and to lay on the table shall be decided without debate, and the motion to 
adjourn shall always be in order when made by a Senator entitled to the floor. 

RULE 21. Motions to postpone to certain day and to commit. — The respec- 
tive motions to postpone to a certain day, or to commit to a standing or select 
committee, shall preclude debate on the main question. 

RULE 22. Action when previous question pending. — When a motion for the 
previous question is made and is pending, debate shall cease. After a motion for 



Legislative Branch 339 

the previous question is made, pending a second thereto, any member may give 
notice that he desires to offer an amendment to the bill or other matter under con- 
sideration; and after the previous question is seconded such member shall be en- 
titled to offer his amendment in pursuance of such notice. 

RULE 23. Motion for previous question. — The previous question shall be as 
follows: "Shall the main question be now put?" and until it is decided shall pre- 
clude all amendments and debate. If this question is decided in the affirmative, 
the "main question" shall be on the passage of the bill, resolution, or other matter 
under consideration ; but when amendments are pending, the question shall be 
taken upon such amendments in their inverse order, without further debate or 
amendment: Provided, that no one shall move the previous question except the 
chairman of the committee submitting the report on the bill or other matter under 
consideration, and the member introducing the bill or other matter under con- 
sideration or the member in charge of the measure, who shall be designated by 
the chairman of the committee reporting the same to the Senate at the time the 
bill or other matter under consideration is reported to the Senate or taken up for 
consideration. 

RULE 24. Motion to reconsider — When a question has been once put and 
decided, any Senator who voted in the majority may move to reconsideration there- 
of; but no motion for the reconsideration of any vote shall be in order after the 
bill, resolution, message, report, amendment, or motion upon which the vote was 
taken has gone out of the possession of the Senate; nor shall any motion for re- 
consideration be in order unless made on the same day or in the next following 
legislative day on which the vote proposed to be reconsidered took place, unless 
the motion is made by the Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate for 
verbal or grammatical errors in the bills, when the motion may be made at any 
time: Provided, that when the next legislative day has by motion of the Senate, 
been restricted as to matters which may be considered, a motion to reconsider 
shall be in order on the next succeeding day upon which regular business is con- 
ducted. No question shall be reconsidered more than once. 



IV. Voting 

RULE 25. Use of electronic voting system. — (a) Votes on the following 
questions shall be taken on the electronic voting system, and the ayes and noes 
shall be recorded on the Journal: 

(1) All questions on which the Constitution of North Carolina requires that 
the ayes and noes be taken and recorded on the Journal. 

(2) All questions on which a call for the ayes and noes under Rule 26(b) has 
been sustained. 

(3) Both second and third readings of bills proposing amendment of the Con- 
stitution of North Carolina. 

(b) Votes on the following questions shall be taken on the electronic voting 
system, and a copy of the machine print-out of the votes shall be filed in the Legis- 
lative Library where it shall be open to public inspection: 



340 North Carolina Manual 

(1) Second reading of all public bills, all amendments to public bills offered 
after second reading, third reading- if a public bill was amended after 
second reading, and all conference reports on public bills. 

(2) Any other question upon direction of the Chair or upon motion of any 
Senator supported by one-fifth of the Senators present. 

(c) When the electronic voting system is used, the Chair shall fix and announce 
the time, not to exceed one minute, which shall be allowed for voting on the ques- 
tion before the Senate. The system shall be set to lock automatically and to record 
the vote when that time has expired. Once the system has locked and recorded a 
vote, the vote shall be printed by the system. 

(d) The voting station at each Senator's desk in the Chamber shall be used only 
by the Senator to which the station is assigned. Under no circumstances shall any 
other person vote at a Senator's station. It is a breach of the ethical obligation of 
a Senator either to request that another vote at the requesting Senator's station, 
or to vote at another Senator's station. The Chair shall enforce this rule without 
exception. 

(e) When the electronic voting system is used, the Chair shall state the ques- 
tion and shall then state substantially the following: "All in favor vote 'aye'; 
all opposed vote 'no'; — seconds will be allowed for voting on this question; the 
Clerk will unlock the machine." After the machine locks and records the vote, 
the Chair shall announce the vote and declare the result. 

(f) One copy of the machine print-out of the vote record shall be filed in the 
office of the Principal Clerk, and one copy shall be filed in the Legislative Library 
where it shall be open to public inspection. 

(g) When the Chair ascertains that the electronic voting system is inoperative 
before a vote is taken or while a vote is being taken on the electronic system, he 
shall announce that fact to the Senate and any partial electronic system voting- 
record shall be voided. In such a case, if the Constitution of North Carolina or 
the Rules of the Senate require a call of the ayes and noes, the Clerk shall call die 
roll of the Senate, and the ayes and noes shall be taken manually and shall be re- 
corded on the Journal. All other votes shall be taken by voice vote as prescribed 
in Senate Rule 26(a). If, after a vote is taken on the electronic system, it is dis- 
covered that a malfunction caused an error in the electronic system print-out, the 
Chair shall direct the Reading Clerk and the Principal Clerk to verify and correct 
the print-out record and so advise the Senate. 

(h) For the purpose of identifying motions on which the vote is taken on the 
electronic system (the identification codes having no relation to the order of 
precedence of motions), the motions are coded as follows: 

1. To lay on the table. 

2. For the previous question. 

3. To postpone indefinitely. 

4. To postpone to a day certain. 

5. To refer to a committee. 

6. To reconsider. 

7. To recall from committee. 



Legislative Branch 341 

8. To substitute. 

9. To take from the table. 
10. Miscellaneous. 

RULE 26. Voice votes; call for ayes and noes. — (a) When the electronic 
voting system is not used, all votes on which a call of the roll of the Senate is not 
required shall be taken by voice vote. The question shall be put as follows: "Those 
in favor say 'aye'," and, after the affirmative vote is expressed, "Opposed 'no'"; 
after which the Chair shall announce the result. If a division on any vote is de- 
sired, it must be called for immediately before the result of the voting is announc- 
ed on any question, and upon such call, the Chair shall require the members lO 
stand and be counted for and against the proposition under consideration. 

(b) The ayes and the noes may be called for on any question before the vote is 
taken. If a Senator desires the ayes and noes recorded on the Journal on a ques- 
tion, he shall address the Chair and obtain recognition and say "Upon that ques- 
tion I call for the ayes and noes." Whereupon the Chair shall say, "Is the call 
sustained?" If one-fifth of the Senators present then stand, the vote shall be taken 
on the electronic voting system if it is operative, and the ayes and noes shall be 
recorded on the Journal. If the electronic voting system is inoperative, the roll 
of the Senate shall be called and the ayes and noes taken manually and recorded 
on the Journal. If fewer than one-fifth of the Senators present stand to sustain 
the call, the Chair shall announce "An insufficient number up" and a vote by 
electronic voting or by voice, whichever is appropriate under the Rules of the 
Senate, shall be taken. 

RULE 27. Pairs. — If a Senator is paired with another Senator on a ques- 
tion, the Senator shall announce the pair as follows: "Mr. President, I desire to 

announce a pair. If Senator were present, he would vote ; if I 

were free to vote, I would vote (the opposite)." The Senator shall send 

forward at that time a written statement of the pair on a form provided by the 
Principal Clerk. The Clerk shall record the pair on the Journal, and neither 
member of the pair shall vote on the question. A pair shall be announced before 
the vote is taken viva voce, or, if the electronic voting system is used, before ihe 
machine is unlocked. 

RULE 28. Dividing question. — If any question contains several distinct 
propositions, it shall be divided by the President, at the request of any Senator, 
provided each subdivision, if left to itself, forms a substantive proposition. 

RULE 29. Duty to vote; excuses. — (a) Every Senator who is within the 
bar of the Senate when the question is stated by the Chair shall vote thereon un- 
less he is excused by the Senate. The bar of the Senate shall include the entire 
Senate Chamber. 

(b) Any Senator may request to be excused from voting, either immediately 
before or after the vote has been called for and before a viva voce vote result has 
been announced or before the electronic voting system has been unlocked. Th? 
Senator may make a brief statement of the reasons for making such request, and 
shall send forward to the Principal Clerk, on a form provided by the Clerk, a 
concise statement of the reason for the request, and the Clerk shall include this 
statement in the Journal. The question on granting of the request shall be taken 
without debate. 



342 North Carolina Manual 

RULE 30. Explanation of vote. — Any Senator may explain his vote on any 
bill pending by obtaining: permission of the President before the vote is taken: 
Provided, that not more than three minutes shall be consumed in such explanation. 

V. Committees 

RULE 31. Appointment of Committees — The President of the Senate, un- 
less he has by law disqualified himself from that office, shall have the exclusive 
right and authority to appoint all Committees, regular or select, and to appoint 
Committee Chairmen and Vice Chairmen, and he is specifically authorized to ap- 
point four Chairmen of four subcommittees of the Committee on Appropriations; 
but he may delegate said authority in any instance, as he may choose. Upon the 
recommendation of the Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate, the 
Senate may authorize additional standing committees. 

RULE 32. List of Standing Committees. — The standing committees shall be : 

Agriculture 

Alcoholic Beverage Control 

Appropriations 

Appropriations Subcommittee #1 on Human Resources and Corrections Group 

Appropriations Subcommittee #2 on Education 

Appropriations Subcommittee #3 on General Government and Transportation 

Appropriations Subcommittee #4 on State Government Planning and Person- 
nel 

Banking 

Courts and Judicial Districts 

The Economy 

Education 

Finance 

Higher Education 

Insurance 

Judiciary I 

Judiciary II 

Local Government and Regional Affairs 

Manufacturing, Labor and Commerce 

Human Resources 

Natural and Economic Resources 

Public Utilities and Energy 

Rules and Operation of the Senate 

Criminal Justice and Corrections 

State Government 

Law Enforcement and Crime Control 

Transportation 

Veterans and Military Affairs 

Wildlife 

RULE 33. Notice of Committee Meetings.— Public notice of all committees 
meetings shall be given in the Senate. The required notice may be waived as to 
any meeting by the attendance at that meeting of all of the members of the com- 
mittee, or by personal waiver. 



Legislative Branch 343 

RULE 34. Membership of Committees; quorum. — Membership on standing 
committees shall consist of not more than 22 or less than 8 Senators, including 
the Chairman and Vice Chairman who shall be designated by the President: 
Provided, the committee membership on the Committee on Appropriations and 
the Committee on Finance shall not be limited as to membership but shall be left 
to the discretion of the President. No Senator shall hold membership on more 
than 10 standing committees unless the Committee on Rules and Operation of 
the Senate provides otherwise. A quorum of any committee shall consist of a 
majority of the committee. 

RULE 35. Roll Call vote in Committee.— No roll call vote may be taken in 
any committee. 

RULE 36. Committee Meetings. — No committee or subcommittee shall hold 
a secret meeting, and all meetings of committees and subcommittees shall be open 
to the public: Provided, that any committee or subcommittee has the inherent 
right to hold an executive session when it determines that it is absolutely necessary 
to have such a session in order to prevent personal embarrassment, or when it is 
in the best interest of the State; and in no event shall final action be taken by 
any committee or subcommittee except in open session. 

RULE 37. (Reserved for interim operations rule) 



VI. Handling Bills 

RULE 38. Construction of rules. — All provisions of these rules applying to 
bills shall apply also to resolutions, memorials and petitions. 

RULE 39. Introduction of bills. — (a) Unless variation is authorized by 
the Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate, bills submitted for introduc- 
tion shall be in a computer-typed form prepared by the Legislative Services 
Office. When a bill which is introduced is not in the prescribed form, the Princi- 
pal Clerk shall cause the bill to be retyped in the prescribed form, and the re- 
typed copy shall become the official copy of the bill for all purposes. The original 
bill shall then be returned to the introducer of the bill and shall not become a part 
of the records or documents of the Senate. 

(b) Whenever a bill is introduced, 20 copies shall be submitted to the Principal 
Clerk. Any bill submitted without the required number of copies shall be im- 
mediately returned to the introducer. 

RULE 40. Presenting papers to Senate. — Every bill presented to the Sen- 
ate shall contain on the outside cover the title of the document and the name of 
the Senator or Senators presenting it. All bills shall be delivered to the Reading 
Clerk for the reading of the number and the title. The President shall then an- 
nounce the referral of the document. The title and referral shall be entered on 
the Journal. 

RULE 41. Deadline on introduction of certain bills. — All bills prepared to 
be introduced by departments, agencies or institutions of the State must be in- 
troduced in the Senate not later than March 15 of the session. All local bills must 
be introduced not later than April 1 of the session. 



344 North Carolina Manual 

RULE 42. References of appropriations and finance bills. — All bills intro- 
duced in the Senate providing for appropriations from the State, or any sub- 
division thereof, shall, before being considered by the Senate, be referred to the 
Committee on Appropriations, and bills referred to other committees carrying any 
such provisions shall be reported to the Senate as being bills to be referred to the 
Appropriations Committee before proper action may be taken by the Senate. All 
bills introduced in the Senate providing for bond issues, levying taxes, or in any 
manner affecting the taxing power of the State or any subdivision thereof, shall, 
before being considered by the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Finance, 
and bills referred to other committees carrying any such provisions shall be re- 
ported to the Senate as being bills to be referred to the Finance Committee before 
proper action may be taken by the Senate. 

RULE 43. First reading; reference to Committee. — All bills shall be read 
by their titles, which reading shall constitute the first reading of the bills, and 
unless otherwise disposed of shall be referred to the proper committee. 

RULE 44. Bills to receive three readings. — Every bill shall receive three 
readings previous to being passed, and the President shall give notice at oach 
whether it be the first, second, or third. After the first reading, unless a motion 
is made by some Senator, the President shall refer the bill to an appropriate com- 
mittee. No bill shall be amended upon the floor of the Senate until it has been 
twice read. Senate simple resolutions shall not require three readings. 

RULE 45. Reports of Committees. — Every Senator presenting a report of 
a committee shall endorse the report with the name of the committee and, in casa 
of a minority report, with the names of the members making the report. The 
report of the committee shall show that a majority of the committee were present 
and voted. Every report of the committee upon a bill or resolution shall stand 
upon the general orders with the bill or resolution. 

RULE 46. Unfavorable report by Committee. — (a) All bills reported un- 
favorably by the committee to which they were referred, and having no minority 
report, shall lie upon the table, but may be taken from the table, and placed upon 
the calendar by a two-thirds vote of those present and voting. 

(b) When a bill is reported by a committee with an unfavorable report, but 
accompanied by a minority report, signed by at least three members of the com- 
mittee who were present and who voted on the bill when the bill was considered 
in committee, then the minority report shall be placed on the calendar and con- 
sidered the following day, and the question before the Senate shall be "The adop- 
tion of the Minority Report". If the minority report is adopted by a majority 
vote, the bill shall be placed upon the calendar; if the minority report is not 
adopted, the bill shall lie upon the table. 

RULE 47. Recall of bill from Committee. — When a bill has been introduced 
and referred to a committee, if after 10 days the committee has failed to report 
thereon, then the author of the bill may, after three days' public notice given in 
the Senate, on motion supported by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present 
and voting, recall the bill from the committee to the floor of the Senate for con- 
sideration and such action thereon as a majority of the Senators present may 
direct. 



North Carolina Government 345 

RULE 48. Calendar; order to be followed. — The President and the Princi- 
pal Clerk of the Senate shall see that all bills are acted upon by the Senate in the 
order in which they stand upon the calendar, unless otherwise ordered as herein- 
after provided. The published calendar shall include all bills reported favorably 
from committees, or reported with a minority report attached, or placed on the 
calendar on motion: Provided, that the published local calendar may carry the 
number of each bill, the county or counties referred to, and an abbreviated state- 
ment of the title of the bill. 

RULE 49. Considering bills out of regular order. — Except as provided in 
Rule 50, any bill or other matter may be taken up out of order upon order of the 
President or upon motion sustained by a majority of the membership present and 
voting. 

RULE 50. Third reading requirements. — No bill on its third reading shall 
be acted upon out of the regular order in which it stands on the calendar, and 
no bill shall be acted upon on its third reading the same day on which it passed its 
second reading, unless so ordered by two-thirds of the Senators present. 

RULE 51. Special orders. — Any bill or other matter may be made a special 
order for a particular day or hour by a vote of the majority of the Senators 
voting, and if action on the bill is not completed on that day, it shall be returned 
to its place on the calendar, unless it is made a special order for another day; 
and when a special order is under consideration it shall take precedence over any 
special order or subsequent order for the day, but such subsequent order may ba 
taken up immediately after the previous special order has been disposed of. 

RULE 52. Procedure when necessary number of Senators not present. — If, 
on taking the question on a bill, it appears that a constitutional quorum is not 
present, or if the bill requires a vote of a certain proportion of all the Senators 
to pass it, and it appears that such number is not present, the bill shall be again 
read and the question taken thereon ; if the bill fails a second time for the want 
of the necessary number being present and voting, the bill shall not be finally 
lost, but shall be returned to the calendar in its proper order. 

RULE 53. Effect of defeated bill. — (a) After a bill has been tabled or has 
failed to pass on any of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal pro- 
visions of its subject matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. Upon the 
point of order being raised and sustained by the Chair, such measure shall be 
laid upon the table, and shall not be taken therefrom except by a vote of two- 
thirds of the qualified membership of the Senate: Provided, no local bill shall be 
held by the Chair as embodying the provisions, or being identical with any state- 
wide measure which has been laid upon the table or failed to pass any of its read- 
ings. 

(b) When a bill has been postponed indefinitely by the Senate, the bill shall lie 
upon the table, and shall not be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of 
the Senators present. 

RULE 54. Taking bill from table. — No bill which has been laid upon the 
table shall be taken therefrom except by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators pres- 
ent. 



346 North Carolina Manual 

RULE 55. Amending titles of bills. — When a bill is materially modified or 
the scope of its application extended or decreased, or if the county, or counties, 
to which it applies is changed, the title of the bill shall be changed by the Sen- 
ator introducing' the bill or by the committee having it in charge, or bv the 
Principal Clerk, so as to indicate the full support of the bill as amended and the 
county or counties to which it applies. 

RULE 56. Corrections of typographical errors in bills. The Enrolling Clerk 
is authorized to make corrections of typographical errors in the text of bills at any 
time prior to ratification. Before the correction is made, the Enrolling Clerk 
shall have the approval of the Chairman of the Committee on Rules and Opera- 
tion of the Senate. 

RULE 57. Conference Committees. — Whenever the Senate declines or re- 
fuses to concur in amendments put by the House to a bill originating in the Sen- 
ate, or refuses to adopt a substitute adopted by the House for a bill originating in 
the Senate, a conference committee shall be appointed upon motion and the bill 
under consideration shall thereupon go to and be considered by the joint conferees 
on the part of the Senate and House. In considering matters in difference between 
the Senate and House committed to the conferees, only such matters as are in 
difference between the two houses shall be considered by the conferees, and the 
conference report shall deal only with such matters. The conference report shall 
not be amended. Except as herein set out, the rules of the United States House 
of Representatives shall govern the appointment, conduct, and reports of the 
conferees. 

RULE 58. Certification of passage of bills. — The Principal Clerk shall 
certify the passage of bills by the Senate, with the date thereof, together with the 
fact whether passed by vote of three-fifths or two-thirds of the Senate, when- 
ever such vote may be required by the Constitution or laws of the State. 

RULE 59. Transmittal of bills to House. — No bill shall be sent from the 
Senate on the day of its passage except on the last day of the session, unless 
otherwise ordered by a vote of two-thirds of the Senators present. 



VII. Legislative Officers and Employees 

RULE 60. Pages. — The President of the Senate shall appoint pages. The 
President, or such person as he may designate, shall supervise the pages and as- 
sign to them their duties. Each page shall be at least 14 years of age. 

RULE 61. Sergeant-at-Arms. — (a) There shall be 14 positions of Assist- 
ant Sergeants-at-Arms to be appointed by the Sergeant-at-Arms who are to 
work under his supervision and to be assigned such duties and powers as he shall 
direct. 

(b) The Sergeant-at-Arms shall be responsible for the safety of the members 
and employees of the Senate while in the Senate Chamber, or any place in which 
the Senate or its committees are in session. 

(c) The Sergeant-at-Arms shall serve all warrants and subpoenas issued by 
orders of the Senate and signed by the President of the Senate, and said warrants 
and subpoenas shall be returnable to the Principal Clerk of the Senate. 



Legislative Branch 347 

RULE 62. Principal Clerk's staff. — The Principal Clerk of the Senate shall 
employ all necessary employees and clerks required to carry out the duties of his 
office. The Principal Clerk shall have supervision and control, and shall assign 
such duties and powers as he shall direct to his employees and clerks. 

RULE 63. Committee Clerks. — (a) The President of the Senate shall ap- 
point clerks to such committees as he may deem necessary and appropriate. 

(b) All Committee Clerks, when not in attendance upon the direct duties con- 
nected with their committee shall report to the Supervisor of Committee Clerks 
for such duties as may be assigned to them upon approval by Committee Chair- 
men. 

RULE 64. Senate Journal. — The Principal Clerk shall prepare and be re- 
sponsible for the Journal. The Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate 
shall examine the Journal to determine if the proceedings of the previous day 
have been correctly recorded. 

RULE 6. (Reserved for future addition to rules) 



VIII. General Rules 

RULE 66. President to sign papers. — All acts, addresses and resolutions, 
and all warrants and subpoenas issued by order of the Senate shall be signed by 
the President. 

RULE 67. Admission to the flloor of the Senate. — No person except members 
of the Senate, members of the House of Representatives, staff of the General As- 
sembly; Judges of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, and Superior Courts; 
the Governor and members of the Council of State; former members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly; and persons particularly invited and extended the privileges of 
the floor by the President shall be admitted to the floor of the Senate during its 
session. No registered lobbyist shall be admitted to the floor of the Senate or 
Senate Chamber while the Senate is in session. 

RULE 68. Privileges of the floor. — Any group or individual other than 
members of the Senate who desires to make remarks upon the floor of the Senate 
will first obtain approval of the Committee on Rules and Operation of the Senate. 

RULE 69. News Media. — The President is authorized to assign area and 
equipment on the floor of the Senate for the use of the representatives of news 
media ; and the President shall provide regulations for the operation of the repre- 
sentatives of the news media on the floor of the Senate. 

RULE 70. Absence without leave. — No Senator or officer of the Senate shall 
depart the service of the Senate without leave, or receive pay as a Senator or 
officer for the time he is absent without leave. 

RULE 71. Placing material on Senators' desks. — Any person other than a 
member of the Senate desiring to place articles of any kind on or about desks in 
the Senate Chamber of in the offices of the members of the Senate shall make 
written application to, and obtain written approval from, the Principal Clerk of 
the Senate. 



348 North Carolina Manual 

RULE 72. Assignment of Offices. — The Chairman of the Committee on 
Rules and Operation of the Senate, subject to the approval of the Committee, is 
authorized to make assignments of committee rooms and offices to designated 
committees, chairmen, and members of the Senate. The office adjacent to any 
committee room assigned to a principal committee by the Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Rules and Operation of the Senate, subject to the approval of the Com- 
mittee on Rules and Operation of the Senate, shall be automatically assigned to 
the chairman of the principal committee. In making such assignments of individ- 
ual offices, the said Rules Committee Chairman shall give preferential considera- 
tion to the respective members according to the length of service which each 
member has rendered in the General Assembly. 

RULE 73. Administrative rules and regulations involving Senate employ- 
ees. — All administrative rules, regulations and orders involving all individuals 
employed to perform duties for the Senate, other than those appointed by the 
Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms, shall be first approved by the Commit- 
tee on Rules and Operation of the Senate. 

RULE 74. Notice of public hearings. — Notice shall be given not less than 
five calendar days prior to public hearings. Such notices shall be issued as in- 
formation for the press and the information shall be posted in the places desig- 
nated by the Principal Clerks. 

RULE 75. Public hearings, filing of written statements. — Persons desiring 
to appear and be heard at a public hearing are encouraged to file a brief or a 
written statement of the remarks to be made at least 24 hours before the time of 
the hearing. 

RULE 76. Voting in Joint Sessions. — When any Senate Committee sits 
jointly with the House Committee, the Senate Committee reserves the right to vote 
separately from the House Committee. 

RULE 77. Alterations, suspension or rescission of rules. — No rule of the 
Senate shall be altered, suspended, or rescinded except on a two-thirds vote of 
the Senators present. 



Legislative Branch 349 

NORTH CAROLINA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1975 SESSION 

(Democrat Unless Indicated Otherwise) 
Officers 

Speaker James C. Green Clarkton 

Speaker Pro Tern C. Kitchin Josey Scotland Neck 

Principal Clerk Mrs. Grace A. Collins Raleigh 

Reading Clerk Sam J. Burrows, Jr Asheboro 

Sergeant-at-Arms Archie T. Lane, Sr Hertford 

REPRESENTATIVES 

Name County District Address Seat 

Adams, Allen Wake 15th Raleigh 81 

Auman, T. Clyde Moore 25th West End 78 

Baker, T. J Duplin 10th Wallace 37 

Ballenger, T. Cass (R) Catawba 37th Hickory 117 

Barbee, Allen C Nash 7th Spring Hope 20 

Barker, Chris S., Jr Craven 3rd New Bern 1 

Barnes, Henson P Wayne 9th Goldsboro 97 

Beard, R. D Cumberland 20th Fayetteville 29 

Bell, E. Graham Gaston 38th Gastonia 70 

Bissell, Marilyn R. (R) Mecklenburg 36th Charlotte 106 

Blackwell, David M Rockingham 22nd Reidsville 65 

Breece, George W Cumberland 20th Fayetteville 28 

Bright, Joe L Craven 3rd Vanceboro 57 

Brown, Richard Lane, III ...Stanly 32nd Norwood 31 

Bumgardner, David W., Jr. ..Gaston 38th Belmont 58 

Bundy, Sam D Pitt 8th Farmville 26 

Campbell, A. Hartwell Wilson 7th Wilson 21 

Chapin, Howard B Beaufort 2nd Washington 49 

Chase, Mrs. John B Wayne 9th Eureka 32 

Cobb, Laurence A. (R) Mecklenburg 36th Charlotte 103 

Collins, P. C, Jr Alleghany 28th Laurel Springs 91 

Cook, Ruth E Wake 15th Raleigh 82 

Creech, William A Wake .. ..15th Raleigh 79 

Cullipher, George P Martin . . 6th Williamston 35 

Davenport, John Ed Nash ... 7th Nashville 22 

Davis, Gilbert R Randolph 24th Randleman 110 

DeBruhl, Claude Buncombe 43rd Candler 41 

DeRamus, Judson D., Jr Forsyth 29th Winston-Salem 76 

Diamont, David H Surry ...28th Pilot Mountain 93 

Dorsey, Fred R. (R) Henderson 42nd East Flat Rock 115 

Eagles, Larry P Edgecombe 7th Tarboro 3 

Edwards, James H Caldwell 34th Granite Falls 119 

Ellis, T. W., Jr Vance ..13th Henderson 108 

Enloe, Jeff H., Jr Macon 45th Franklin 87 

Erwin, Richard C Forsyth ...29th Winston-Salem 88 

Falls, Robert Z Cleveland 40th Shelby 11 

Farmer, Robert L Wake 15th Raleigh 9 

Foster, Jo Graham Mecklenburg 36th Charlotte 4 





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CLERKS 



SPEAKER 



CLERKS 



Legislative Branch 351 



Name County District Address Seat 

Frye, Henry E Guilford 23rd Greensboro 73 

Gamble, John R., Jr Lincoln 38th Lincolnton 71 

Gardner, J. M Johnston 14th Smithfield 13 

Gentry, J. Worth Stokes 28th King 92 

Gilmore, Thomas Guilford 23rd Greensboro 62 

Gregory, Carson Harnett 18th Angier 54 

Griffin, Mrs. Dillard Durham 16th Durham 68 

Green, James C Bladen 19th Clarkton 120 

Hairston, Peter W Davie 30th Advance 114 

Harris, W. S., Jr Alamance 22nd Graham 64 

Heer, Leo Guilford 23rd High Point 85 

Helms, H. Parks Mecklenburg 36th Charlotte 95 

Hightower, Foyle, Jr. Anson 26th Wadesboro 46 

Holmes, Edward S Chatham 17th Pittsboro 69 

Holmes, George M. (R) Yadkin 34th Hamptonville 116 

Holt, Charles Cumberland 20th Fayetteville 27 

Hunt, John J Cleveland 40th Lattimore 12 

Hunt, Patricia Stanford Orange 17th Chapel Hill 56 

Hunter, Thomas B Richmond 27th Rockingham 38 

Hurst, Mrs. Wilda Onslow 4th Hubert 50 

Huskins, J. P Iredell 35th Statesville 14 

Hutchins, Fred S., Jr. (R) ...Forsyth 29th Winston-Salem 90 

Hyde, Herbert L Buncombe 43rd Asheville 39 

James, Vernon G Pasquotank 1st Elizabeth City 24 

Jernigan, Roberts H., Jr Hertford 5th Ahoskie 16 

Johnson, Joseph E Wake 15th Raleigh 80 

Johnson, Joy J Robeson 21st Fairmont 33 

Jones, Robert A Rutherford 40th Forest City 55 

Jordan, John M Alamance 22nd Saxapahaw 63 

Josey, Kitchin Halifax 6th Scotland Neck 36 

Lachot, W. H., Jr Burke 39th Morganton Ill 

Lawing, Craig Mecklenburg 36th Charlotte 6 

Leonard, Larry E Davidson 30th Thomasville 113 

Lilley, Daniel T Lenoir 3rd Kinston 2 

Long, James E Alamance 22nd Burlington 66 

Love, Jimmy L Lee 18th Sanford 53 

McMillan, William H Iredell 35th Statesville 99 

Mason, Ronald E Carteret 4th Beaufort 19 

Mathis, Carolyn (R) Mecklenburg 36th Charlotte 105 

Messer, Ernest B Haywood 44th Canton 18 

Michaux, H. M., Jr Durham 16th Durham 45 

Miller, George M., Jr Durham 16th Durham 44 

Morris, Glenn A McDowell 41st Marion 42 

Nash, Robie L Rowan 31st Salisbury 102 

Nesbitt, Mary C Buncombe 43rd Asheville 52 

Oxendine, Henry Ward Robeson 21st Pembroke 34 

Parnell, David R Robeson ...21st Parkton 107 

Phillips, C. W Guilford 23rd Greensboro 61 

Plyler, Aaron W Union 33rd Monroe 72 

Prestwood, Ralph Caldwell 34th Lenoir 118 

Pugh, J. T Randolph 24th Asheboro 109 

Quinn, Dwight W Cabarrus 33rd Kannapolis 7 

Ramsey, Liston B Madison 44th Marshall 47 

Ray, Hector Cumberland 20th Fayetteville 5% 



352 North Carolina Manual 

Name County District Address Seat 

Revelle, J. Guy, Sr Northampton 5th Conway 15 

Rhodes, S. Thomas (R) New Hanover 12th Wilmington 84 

Rogers, Bobby W Vance 13th Henderson 60 

Rountree, H. Horton Pitt 8th Greenville 25 

Sandlin, Hugh C Onslow 4th Jacksonville 100 

Sawyer, Thomas B Guilford 23rd Greensboro 75 

Schwartz, B. D New Hanover 12th Wilmington 83 

Setzer, Frances E Catawba 37th Newton 96 

Short, W. M Guilford 23rd Greensboro 86 

Smith, A. Neal Rowan 31st Woodleaf 101 

Smith, Ned R Forsyth 29th Winston-Salem 89 

Smith, Wade Wake ...15th Raleigh 10 

Soles, R. C, Jr Columbus 19th Tabor City 17 

Spoon, Roy (R) Mecklenburg 36th Charlotte 104 

Stevens, John S Buncombe 43rd Asheville 40 

Stewart, Carl J., Jr Gaston 38th Gastonia 59 

Tally, Lura Cumberland 20th Fayetteville 30 

Tennille, Margaret Forsyth 29th Winston-Salem 77 

Thomas, A. W Cabarrus 33rd Concord 8 

Tison, Ben Mecklenburg 36th Charlotte 5 

Varner, Dr. John Davidson 30th Lexington 112 

Ward, Allen C Brunswick llth Shallotte 98 

Watkins, William T Granville 13th Oxford 48 

Webb, Charlie Guilford 23rd Greensboro 74 

White, W. Stanford Dare 1st Manns Harbor 23 

Wiseman, Myrtle E Avery 39th Spruce Pine 94 

Woodard. Barney Paul Johnston 14th Princeton 43 

Wright, Richard Columbus 19th Tabor City 67 



Legislative Branch 353 

REPRESENTATIVES 

(Arranged by Districts) 
(Democrats unless otherwise indicated) 

District Name Address 

1st W. Stanford White Manns Harbor 

1st Vernon G. James Elizabeth City 

2nd Howard B. Chapin Washington 

3rd Chris S. Barker, Jr New Bern 

3rd Joe L. Bright Vanceboro 

3rd Daniel T. Lilley Kinston 

4th Ronald E. Mason Beaufort 

4th Mrs. Wilda Hurst Hubert 

4th Hugh C. Sandlin Jacksonville 

5th Roberts H. Jernigan, Jr Ahoskie 

5th J. Guy Revelle, Sr Conway 

6th C. Kitchin Josey Scotland Neck 

6th George P. Cullipher Williamston 

7th Larry P. Eagles Tarboro 

7th Allen C. Barbee Spring Hope 

7th John Ed. Davenport Nashville 

7th A. Hartwell Campbell Wilson 

8th Sam D. Bundy Farmville 

8th H. Horton Rountree Greenville 

9th Henson P. Barnes Goldsboro 

9th Mrs. John B. Chase Eureka 

10th T. J. (Tommy) Baker Wallace 

11th Allen C. Ward Shallotte 

12th B. D. (Bennie) Schwartz Wilmington 

12th S. Thomas (Tommy) Rhodes (R) Wilmington 

13th William T. Watkins Oxford 

13th T. W. (Tom) Ellis, Jr Henderson 

13th Bobby W. Rogers Henderson 

14th J. M. (Jack) Gardner Smithfield 

14th Barney Paul Woodard Princeton 

15th Allen (Al) Adams Raleigh 

15th Ruth E. Cook Raleigh 

15th William A. (Bill) Creech Raleigh 

15th Robert L. (Bob) Farmer Raleigh 

15th Joseph E. (Joe) Johnson Raleigh 

15th Wade Smith Raleigh 

16th Mrs. Dillard (Pat) Griffin Durham 

16th H. M. Michaux, Jr Durham 

16th George W. Miller, Jr Durham 

17th Edward S. Holmes Pittsboro 

17th Patricia (Trish) Stanford Hunt Chapel Hill 

18th Carson Gregory Angier 

18th Jimmy L. Love Sanford 

19th James C. (Jimmy) Green Clarkton 

19th R. C. Soles, Jr Tabor City 

19th Richard Wright Tabor City 

20th R. D. (Don) Beard Fayettevill'e 



354 North Carolina Manual 

District Name Address 

20th George W. Breece Fayetteville 

20th Charles Holt Fayetteville 

20th Hector (Heck) Ray Fayetteville 

20th Lura Tally Fayetteville 

21st Joy J. Johnson Fairmont 

21st Henry Ward Oxendine Pembroke 

21st David R. Parnell Parkton 

22nd John M. Jordan Saxapahaw 

22nd W. S. (Sandy) Harris, Jr Graham 

22nd James E. (Jim) Long' Burlington 

22nd David M. Blackwell Reidsville 

23rd Henry E. Frye Greensboro 

23rd Thomas (Tom) O. Gilmore Greensboro 

23rd Leo Heer High Point 

23rd C. W. (Charlie) Phillips Greensboro 

23rd Thomas B. (Tom) Sawyer Greensboro 

23rd W. M. (Mark) Short Greensboro 

23rd Charlie Webb Greensboro 

34th J. T. (Jack) Pugh Asheboro 

24th Gilbert R. Davis Randleman 

25th T. Clyde Auman West End 

26th Foyle Hightower, Jr Wadesboro 

27th Thomas B. Hunter Rockingham 

28th P. C. Collins, Jr Laurel Springs 

28th J. Worth Gentry King 

28th David H. Diamont Pilot Mountain 

29th Margaret Tennille Winston-Salem 

29th Richard C. Erwin Winston-Salem 

29th Ned R. Smith Winston-Salem 

29th Judson D. DeRamus, Jr Winston-Salem 

29th Fred S. Hutchins, Jr. (R) Winston-Salem 

30th Larry E. Leonard Thomasville 

30th Dr. John Varner Lexington 

30th Peter W. Hairston Advance 

31st Robie L. Nash Salisbury 

31st A. Neal Smith Woodleaf 

32nd Richard Lane Brown, III Norwood 

33rd Dwight W. Quinn Kannapolis 

33rd A. W. (Art) Thomas Concord 

33rd Aaron W. Plyler Monroe 

34th James H. (Jim) Edwards Granite Falls 

34th George M. Holmes (R) Hamptonville 

34th Ralph Prestwood Lenoir 

35th J. P. Huskins Statesville 

35th William H. (Bill) McMillan Statesville 

36th Marilyn R. Bissell (R) Charlotte 

36th Jo Graham Foster Charlotte 

36th Laurence A. Cobb (R) Charlotte 

36th H. Parks Helms Charlotte 

36th Craig Lawing Charlotte 

36th Carolyn Mathis (R) Charlotte 

36th Ben Tison Charlotte 

36th Roy Spoon (R) Charlotte 

37th T. Cass Ballenger (R) Hickory 



Legislative Branch 355 

37th Frances E. Setzer Newton 

38th Carl J. Stewart, Jr Gastonia 

38th E. Graham Bell Gastonia 

38th David W. Bumgardner, Jr Belmont 

38th John R. Gamble, Jr. Lincolnton 

39th Myrtle E. (Lula Belle) Wiseman Spruce Pine 

39th W. H. (Bill) Lachot, Jr Morganton 

40th Robert Z. (Bob) Falls Shelby 

40th John J. (Jack) Hunt Lattimore 

40th Robert A. (Bob) Jones Forest City 

41st Glenn A. Morris Marion 

42nd Fred R. Dorsey (R) East Flat Rock 

43rd Mary C. Nesbitt Asheville 

43rd Herbert L. Hyde Asheville 

43rd Claude DeBruhl Candler 

43rd John S. Stevens Asheville 

44th Ernest B. Messer Canton 

44th Liston B. Ramsey Marshall 

45th Jeff H. Enloe, Jr Franklin 



Legislative Branch 357 

JAMES COLLINS GREEN 

SPEAKER, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
(Democrat — Bladen County) 

(Nineteenth Representative District — Counties: Bladen, Columbus and Samp- 
son. Three Representatives.) 

James Collins Green, representing the Nineteenth Representative District, was 
born in Halifax County, Virginia, February 24, 1921. Son of John Collins and 
Frances Sue (Oliver) Green. Graduated Volens High School, Nathalie, Virginia; 
attended Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia. Farmer and 
businessman. Owner and operator of tobacco warehouses in Chadbourn and Clark- 
ton, North Carolina; Brookneal, Virginia; and Greenville and Newport, Tennessee. 
Member Bright Belt Warehouse Association Board of Governors; Bladen County 
Board of Education, 1955-1961; Bladen County Democratic Executive Committee; 
Precinct Chairman or Vice-Chairman for ten years; former Trustee of South- 
eastern Community College in Columbus County and Chairman of Building Com- 
mittee; former member of the Board of Trustees of the Consolidated University 
of North Carolina; former member of the Board of Trustees of the University of 
North Carolina at Greensboro; Member of the North Carolina State Board of 
Transportation; past President Clarkton Rotary Club; Director Clarkton Com- 
munity Development Corp. and Clarkton Merchants Association ; President Brown 
Marsh Development Corporation of Clarkton. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1961, 1963, 1965, 1969, 1971 and 1973-74. State Senator in the General 
Assembly of 1967. Member French Lodge No. 270 A.F. and A.M.; Thirty-second 
Degree Scottish Rite Mason; Clarkton Woodmen of the World Camp. Served as 
a Corporal in the U. S. Marine Corps, 1944-1946; participated in invasion of 
Iwo Jima as a machine gunner with Third Marine Division. Presbyterian; Deacon 
Clarkton Presbyterian Church; past superintendent Sunday School. Married 
Alice McAulay Clark, October 7, 1943. Children: Sarah Frances, 24; Susan 
Clark, 22; James Collins, Jr., 18. Address: Box 185, Clarkton. 



Legislative Branch 359 

CLAUDE KITCHIN JOSEY 

SPEAKER PRO TEM, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
(Democrat — Halifax County) 

(Sixth House District — Counties: Halifax and Martin. Two Representatives.) 

Claude Kitchin Josey, representing the Sixth Representative District, was 
born in Scotland Neck September 6, 1923. Son of Robert Carey, Jr. and Anna 
(Kitchin) Josey. Attended Wake Forest College, 1941-1942; United States Mili- 
tary Academy, B.S. degree, 1945; Duke University School of Law, J.D. degree, 
1956. Lawyer. Assistant Solicitor, Superior Court, Guilford County, 1958-1959. 
Partner in law firm of Douglas, Ravene, Josey and Hardy, 1959-1968; now prac- 
tices law in Scotland Neck. Member, Halifax County Bar Assn. ; North Carolina 
Bar Assn.; American Bar Assn.; Kiwanis Club. Former Chairman, Democratic 
Executive Committee of Guilford County. Served in United States Army, 1945- 
1953, Captain; holder of the Purple Heart and Distinguished Service Cross. 
Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives 1971-72 and 1973-74; 
Elected to House of Representatives to serve during 1975-76 Session; Served on 
the following committees : Chairman, Constitutional Amendments; Public Educa- 
tion; Highway Safety; Judiciary; Alcoholic Beverage Control; State Government 
Reorganization; Appropriations; Finance; Courts and Judicial Districts and 
Congressional Reapportionment. Member First Baptist Church of Scotland Neck. 
Married Linnell Bruce, February 9, 1948. Children: Roberta Josey Kemp, 25, 
Claude Kitchin Josey, Jr., 23, Robert Bruce Josey, 19. Address: Rich Square Road, 
Scotland Neck. 



360 



"North Carolina Manual 



JOSEPH ALLEN ADAMS 

(Democrat — Wake County) 
(Fifteenth House District — County: Wake. Six Representatives.) 

Joseph Allen Adams, representing the Fifteenth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Greensboro, N. C, January 
15, 1932. Son of Allen and Marion L. (Crawford) Adams. 
Attended Phillips Exeter Academy 1945-48; Cambridge High 
and Latin, Massachusetts, 1948; Boston University, 1948- 
49. Attended University of North Carolina, 1949-52, A.B.; 
1952-54, J.D. Attorney. Member Wake County Bar Associa- 
tion ; North Carolina Bar Association; American Bar As- 
sociation; North Carolina State Bar; North Carolina Aca- 
demy of Trial Lawyers; Naval Reserve Lawyers Association; Secretary Wake 
County Bar 1961. Member Phi Delta Phi. Served U. S. Navy— JAG Corps, 
Lieutenant Commander, 1955-Present. Member Naval Reserve Law Company 
6-1, Raleigh. Author N. C. Law Review, 1953-54. Served as Chairman Wake 
County Public Library Board 1970-74; Chairman Wake Co. Democratic Party 
1968-72; President Yake YDC, 1964. Member United Church of Christ; Chair- 
man Finance Committee 1965-66; Chairman Institute of Religion 1963. Married 
Le Neve Hodges Adams, June 27, 1953. Three Children: Ann Caroline, 21; 
Jefferson Hodges, 19; Spencer Allen, 13. Address: Box 389, Raleigh; 1618 Amble- 
side Drive, Raleigh. 




TOFFIE CLYDE AUMAN 

(Democrat — Moore County) 
(Twenty-fifth House District — County: Moore. One Representative.) 

Toffie Clyde Auman, representing the Twenty-fifth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Jackson Springs March 11, 
1909. Son of Claude and Lillie Catherine (Graham) Auman. 
Attended Jackson Springs High School; North Carolina 
State University. Farmer. Member N. C. Farm Bureau, 
former Director; President National Peach Council, 1965- 
1966; member Horticulture Committee, American Farm 
Bureau, 1956-1962; President, Sandhill Production Credit 
Assn., 1967-1969; Chairman, Board of Directors, Sandhill 
Production Credit Association; President North Carolina Peach Grower's Society, 
1960-1963; past Director, N. C. Farm Bureau Insurance Company; past Director, 
and President, N. C. State University Agricultural Foundation. Advisor to Dean 
of Agriculture, N. C. State University; past Director N. C. State University 
Alumni Assn.; West End School Committee, 1948-1964. Received Gamma Sigma 
Delta Award from N. C. State University for contributions to agriculture. Mem- 
ber N. C. Board of Juvenile Correction, 1950-1966. Director, Sandhills Mental 
Health Association. N. C. Committee for Better Schools, 1958; Director, N. C. 
Mental Health Association, 1970; Director, N. C. Railroad, 1949-1950. Represen- 
tative in the General Assembly of 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, and 1973. Presbyterian; 
Elder; Commissioner to General Assembly, 1955; Vice President, Synod's Men's 
Council, 1959; President, Men of the Church, Fayetteville Presbytery. President, 





Legislative Branch - 361 

Moore Friends of the Library, 1969. Chairman, North Carolina Board of Youth 
Development, 1971-1973. Married Sally Watts, August 7, 1936. Children: Clyde 
Watts, Robert M., Nancy (Mrs. Charles Cunningham), and Laura Graham, 
graduate student, U.N.C.-G. 2 grand daughters. Address: Route 1, West End. 



THOMAS JAMES BAKER 

(Democrat — Duplin County) 
(Tenth House District — County: Duplin. One Representative.) 

Thomas James Baker, representing the Tenth Represen- 
tative District, was born in Wallace, October 9, 1920. Son 
of William B. (dec'd) and Harriett (Southerland) Baker. 
Attended Wallace High School, graduated, 1938; Kings Busi- 
ness College, Raleigh, 1939. Oil distributor. President E & 
B Oil Co. of Wallace, Inc., Wallace, N. C, President Tire 
Sales Co., Inc., Wallace, President Tri-County Petroleum, 
Inc., Wallace, President E & B Oil Co. of Burgaw, Inc., 
Burgaw, Vice-President B. M. W. Corporation (Rockfish 
Plaza), Wallace. Served as Director, Duplin Industrial Commission; Wallace 
Sewing Company; Walace Development Corp.; Past President, Duplin Municipal 
Assn.; Director Tuscarora Council Boy Scouts of America; Director of Bank of 
North Carolina, NA, Wallace. Member Lions Club; Wallace Masonic Lodge No. 
595, past Master; Sudan Temple, A. A. 0. N. M. S., New Bern; Duplin Shrine 
Club. Named "Man of the Year" for Wallace-Rose Hill Community by English- 
Brown Post, No. 9161, Veterans of Foreign Wars, 1969. Served 13 years as Town 
Commissioner, Town of Wallace, 1945-1966. Mayor, Town of Wallace, 1966-1970. 
Member Wallace Baptist Church; Teacher, Men's Sunday School Class; Deacon; 
member Finance Committee. Married Dorothy Edgerton, October 18, 1947. Two 
daughters: Dorothy Sue, student at UNC, Chapel Hill and Laura Faye (Mrs. 
Eddie Lockamy), Wilmington. Address: 306 East Cliff Street. Wallace. 



THOMAS CASS BALLENGER 

(Republican — Catawba County) 
(Thirty-seventh House District — County: Catawba. Two Representatives.) 

Thomas Cass Ballenger, representing the thirty-seventh 
Representative District, was born in Hickory, N. C, Decem- 
ber 6, 1926. Son of Richard E. and Dorothy (Collins) Bal- 
lenger. Attended Episcopal High School 1939-1944; UNC 
Chapel Hill 1944-45; Amherst, 1945-48, B.A. President 
Hickory Paper Box Co.; President Plastic Packaging. Serv- 
ed Catawba County Commissioner 1966-1974; Chairman 
4Bk. ftfe 1970-1974. Served U. S. Air Corps, 1944-1945. Member 

Episcopal Church; Senior; Junior Warden; Lay Leader. 
Married Donna Davis Ballenger, June 14, 1952. Three Daughters: Lucinda Garri- 
son, 21; Mellissa Jane, 19; Worothy Davis, 10. Address: Box 2029, Hickory. 




362 



North Carolina Manual 



ALLEN CROMWELL BARBEE 

(Democrat — Nash County) 
(Seventh House District — Counties: Edgecombe, Nash and Wilson. Four 
Representatives. ) 

Allen Cromwell Barbee, representing the Seventh Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Spring Hope, N. C, De- 
cember 18, 1910. Son of John Lucian and Deborah Lena 
(Vester) Barbee. Attended Spring Hope High School; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. Farmer; Broker; Developer. 
Member Elk; Mason; Shriner. Served as Captain, Air Force, 
June 18, 1942-June 18, 1946. Served Town Commissioner 
Spring Hope, 1951-52; Mayor Spring Hope, 1952-1960; 
Served House of Representatives, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1967, 
1969, 1971. Member Methodist Church; Official Board, 1946-1974; Chairman, 
1947-1957. Married Mabel McClellan Dixon Barbee, March 7, 1942. Two Chil- 
dren: Rebecca Barnes Barbee, 22; Allen Cromwell Barbee II, 18. Address: Barbee 
Building, Spring Hope. 





CHRISTOPHER SYLVANUS BARKER, JR. 

(Democrat — Craven County) 
(Third House District — Counties 1 Craven, Jones, Pamlico and Lenoir. Three 
Representatives. 

Christopher Sylvanus Barker, Jr., representing the 
Third Representative District, was born in Trenton Septem- 
ber 7, 1911. Son of the late Dr. Christopher Sylvanus Barker 
and Ruth Jane (Henderson) Barker. Attended New Bern 
High School, Class of 1928; United States Naval Academy, 
1933. Bachelor of Science; Northwestern University, sum- 
mer, 1946. Registered Securities Representative. Associate 
Professor of Naval Science, Princeton University, 1945- 
1948; Professor of Naval Science, University of South Caro- 
lina, 1954-1957. Vice Chairman of New Bern USO 1971-1973; member and past 
President (1964-1965) of New Bern Civitan Club; member and past President 
(1965-1966) of the Craven County Chapter for Retarded Citizens; member and 
Director, (1962-1964, 1970-1972) New Bern Craven County Chamber of Com- 
merce; Chairman of the Board of Directors, Craven Unit of the Neuse Develop- 
ment Association, 1964-1966; Treasurer of the Coastal Carolina Council, Navy 
League of the United States, 1966-1973; 22nd Mason, Shriner, Sojourner; Elk; 
Moose; American Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1969, 1971, and 1973. Vice Chairman of the Commercial and 
Sports Fisheries Advisory Board (1969-1974) ; Chairman of the Study Commis- 
sion on the Use of Illegal and Harmful Drugs in the State of North Carolina in 
accordance with Resolution 74, 1969 Session Laws; Chairman of the North Caro- 
lina Drug Authority (1971-) ; Rear Admiral, U. S. Navy, 1928-1959; awarded 
"Legion of Merit" and "Bronze Star" during World War II. Methodist, member 
of Official Board, 1963-1966 and Administrative Board, 1972. Married Jean Kou- 
wenhoven, December 30, 1949. Children: Christopher Sylvanus, III, (married El- 
bert H. Lee, Jr., 1974) and Gary Cornelius. Address: 3911 Trent Pines Drive, 
New Bern. 



Legislative Branch 



363 



HENSON PERRYMOORE BARNES 



(Democrat — Wayne County) 
(Ninth House District— County : Wayne. Two Representatives.) 

Henson Perrymoore Barnes, representing the Ninth 
Representative District, was born in Bladen, N. C, Novem- 
ber 18, 1934. Son of Rev. Lalon L. and Mable Cumbee 
Barnes. Attended Garland High School, Sampson County, 
1949-1953. Graduated Wilmington College, 1958, A.A.; Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, 1959, A.B.; University of North 
Carolina Law School, 1961, J.D. Attorney. Member Wayne 
County Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Association; 
American Bar Associataion ; American Trial Lawyers As- 
Member Masons; Shriners; Elks Lodge; American Legion; Moose 

Lodge. Outstanding Young Man Award, Goldsboro, N. C, 1963. Served U. S. 

Army Paratroop, 1953-1956. Member First Baptist Church, Goldsboro, N. C. ; 

Deacon; Sunday School Teacher; Chairman of Budget, Finance Board. Married 

Kitty Allen Barnes, August 27, 1961. Two Daughters: Rebecca Barnes, 12; 

Amy Barnes, 8. Address: 707 Park Avenue, Goldsboro. 




sociation. 



RAYFORD DONALD BEARD 



(Democrat — Cumberland County) 
(Twentieth House District — County: Cumberland. Five Representatives.) 

Rayford Donald Beard, representing the Twentieth 
Representative District, was born in Beard, N. C, March 
24, 1923. Son of William A. and Lola (Maxwell) Beard. 
Graduated Central High School, 1942; Various Insurance 
Courses. Insurance. Member Carolinas' Association of Mu- 
tual Insurance Agents; N. C. Independent Agents Associa- 
tion ; N. C. Association of Premium Service Companies. 
Member Lions Club; Masonic Order; Shriner; Scottish 
Rite. Member Snyder Memorial Baptist Church; Sunday 
School Teacher; Deacon since 1950; Chairman of Board of Deacons and Church 
Moderation 1960. Married Katherine Beard, July 30, 1944; Three Children: 
Linda B. Kay, 20; Kathy B. Allen, 27; Don Beard, Jr., 22. Address: 2918 Skye 
Drive, Fayetteville. 




E. GRAHAM BELL 



(Democrat — Gaston County) 

(Thirty-eighth House District — Counties: Gaston and Lincoln, 
resentatives.) 



Four Rep- 



364 



North Carolina Manual 




/ 



E. Graham Bell was born in Gaston Gounty April 16, 
1939. Son of J. Clyde Bell and Thelma Henley Bell. Attend- 
ed Gaston County Schools; IBM School, Charlotte; Data 
Programming, IBM School, Atlanta, Georgia; IBM School, 
New York. Owner E. Graham Bell Insurance Agency and 
E. Graham Bell Real Estate. President, Majestic Fin. Cor- 
poration; President Colonial Insurance Brokers, Inc.; Pres- 
ident Cardinal Insurance Agency, Charlotte; E. Graham 
Bell Prop., Inc.; Bells General Store, Inc. President N. C. 
Premium Service Comps., also on the Board 1970-71. President Gaston County 
Young Democratic Club, 1966 and Secretary 1965; Tenth District President 
NCYDC; national committee member 1966-68; one of the top ten young democrats 
in North Carolina 1965. United States Air Force A/2c 1957-60. Member Holy 
Communion Lutheran Church, Dallas; chairman, Church Council. Married Gayle 
Walker February 7, 1957. Five children 1 E. Graham, Jr. (Chuck), J. Chris, 
Martin Craig, Ann Margaret and Patrick. Address: Route 3, Kendrick Road, 
Gastonia. 



MARILYN R. BISSELL 
(MRS. H. A. BISSELL) 



(Republican — Mecklenburg County) 
(Thirty-sixth House District — County: Mecklenburg. Eight Representatives.) 

Mrs. Marilyn R. Bissell, representing the Thirty-sixth 
Representative District, was born in Jamestown, New York 
September 29, 1927. Daughter of John E. Weaver and Ro- 
maine Cherry Weaver. Attended Jamestown Hiu'h School, 
1941-1945. Graduated Grove City College, Grove City, Pen- 
nsylvania, B.S. degree, June 1940. Payroll Accountant. 
Vice-Chairman, Mecklenburg County Republican Party, 
1970-1972; Precinct Vice-Chairman, 1968-1970; former 
school teacher. Board member, Charlotte Women's Political 
Caucus; Board member, Charity League of Charlotte; Member 1972-73 Session; 
Appears in: Who's Who in Politics (1974 edition), Personalities of the South 
(1974 edition) ; Criminal Justice and Training Standards Council (1974) ; Legis- 
lative Commission on Governmental Expenditures (1974). Member Trinity Pres- 
byterian Church, Circle Leader and Choir Member. Married H. A. Bissell, May 
12, 1951. Three children: Karen Romaine, Kathleen Martha, and Leslie Kay 
Marilyn. Address: 2216 Providence Road, Charlotte. 




DAVID M. BLACKWELL 



(Democrat — Rockingham County) 
(Twenty-second House District — Counties: Alamance and Rockingham. Four 
Representatives. ) 



Legislative Branch 



365 



David M. Blackwell, representing the Twenty-second 
Representative District, was born in Reidsville October 18, 
1939. Son of I. J. Blackwell and Bessie Mae Irby Blackwell. 
Attended Hargrave Military Academy, 1966-1967 and grad- 
uated University of North Carolina, A.B. degree, 1961. Uni- 
versity of North Carolina Law School, LL.B. degree, 1963. 
Attorney at Law. Chairman, Rockingham County Board of 
Elections, 1966-1969; Clerk, Superior Court, Rockingham 
County, 1969-1972. Married Mary Lou Parker of Murfrees- 
boro, January 31, 1965. Address: 1206 Maiden Lane, Reidsville. 




GEORGE WILBUR BREECE 

(Democrat — Cumberland County) 
(Twentieth House District — County: Cumberland. Five Representatives.) 

George Wilbur Breece, representing the Twentieth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Fayetteville, N. C, July 
20, 1945. Son of Wilbur and Barbara Pearsall Breece. 
Graduated Fayetteville High School, 1963; Atlantic Chris- 
tian College, 1971, B.A. Attended Monterat-Anderson Col- 
lege. Funeral Business. Member Fayetteville Jaycees; 
Knights of Pythian. Campaign Aid (National Youth Di- 
rector) to Senator Hubert H. Humphrey 1972; Former Con- 
vention Chairman of N. C. Student Legislature; Former 
Co-Chairman National Young Democrats Convention. Served U. S. Army, Jan- 
uary 1967-January, 1970. Member Hay Street Methodist Church. 




JOSEPH LEONARD BRIGHT 

(Democrat — Craven County) 
(Third House District — Counties 1 Craven, Jones, Lenoir and Pamlico. 
Representatives. ) 



Three 




29, 1969. 



Joseph Leonard Bright, Representing the Third Dis- 
trict, was born in Vanceboro, January 6, 1925. Son of 
George Clifton and Pauline (Hill) Bright. Attended Farm 
Life School, 1931-1942; Merchant Marine Academy, Cali- 
fornia; Kings Business College, 1949. Automobile dealer 
and farmer. Member Masonic Order and Sudan Shrine. 
Served in Merchant Marines, 1943-1946. Member Vance- 
boro Methodist Church. Married Rachel C. Allcox, May 17, 
1947. Children: Joe, Jr. (killed in automobile accident, Nov. 
), George Clifton and Barbara Bright Smith. Address: Rt. 2, Vanceboro. 



RICHARD LANE BROWN III 

(Democrat — Stanly County) 
(Thirty-second House District— County : Stanly. One Representative.) 




366 North Carolina Manual 

Richard Lane Brown, III, representing the Thirty-sec- 
ond District, was born in Albemarle October 3, 1940. Son 
of Richard L., Jr. and Charlotte (Palmer) Brown. Attend- 
ed Albemarle City Schools, 1946-1959; Graduate, Albemarle 
Senior High School, 1959; University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill, B.S. in Business Administration, 1963; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina School of Law, LL.B., 1965; New 
York University Law School, New York, graduate Tax 
Program, 1966. Lawyer. Partner, firm of Brown, Brown & 
Brown. Attorneys, Albemarle. Member Stanly County Bar Assn.; North Carolina 
Bar Assn.; North Carolina State Bar; American Bar Assn.; 20th Judicial District 
(N. C.) Bar Assn.; licensed to practice before U. S. Tax Court, U. S. Supreme 
Court, Federal Communications Commission and Interstate Commerce Commis- 
sion; Member North Carolina Courts Commission 1971; Member Albemarle 
Board of Realtors; Stanly County Law Enforcement Officers Assn.; Albemarle- 
Stanly County Chamber of Commerce, Director and Vice President, 1989-1972; 
Member Estate Planning Committee, Campbell College, 1970; Albemarle 
Junior Chamber of Commerce (Jaycees) ; Director, Albemarle Jaycees, 1968- 
1970; President, Stanly County Combined Charities, Inc., 1972; Director Stanly 
County Cancer Society, 1972. Member Sigma Nu Fraternity, Phi Alpha Delta 
Law Fraternity; Stanly County Young Democratic Club; Albemarle Rotary Club. 
President UNC YDC, Chapel Hill, 1963-1964; Secretary, North Carolina Young 
Democratic Clubs, 1962-1963. Member First Lutheran Church, Albemarle; Teach- 
er, Men's Bible Class, 1974. Married Janet Wales, August 13, 1966. Home address: 
Route 3, Randall's Ferry Road, Norwood 28128; Office Address: Box 400, Albe- 
marle 28001. 



DAVID WEBSTER BUMGARDNER, JR. 

(Democrat — Gaston County) 
(Thirty-eighth House District — Counties: Gaston and Lincoln. Four Repre- 
sentatives.) 

David Webster Bumgardner, Jr., representing the 
Thirty-eighth Representative District, was born in Belmont 
November 2, 1921. Son of David Webster and Winnifred 
(Ballard) Bumgardner. Attended Belmont Public Schools, 
1927-1938; Belmont Abbey College, 1939-1940; Gupton-Jones 
College of Mortuary Science, Nashville, Tenn., graduated, 
1942. Mortician. President & Treasurer, Bumgardner Fun- 
eral Home, Inc. Director, Belmont Savings and Loan. Mem- 
ber N. C. Funeral Director Assn.; National Funreal Direct- 
ors Assn. ; Board of Directors, Conference of Funeral Service Examining Boards 
of the United States, 1952-1956, served as President, 1955-1956; N. C. State Board 
of Embalmers and Funeral Directors, 1950-1955, served as President, 1954-1955. 
Received Distinguished Service Award from Dallas Institute-Gupton-Jones Col- 
lege of Mortuary Science, 1954. Member Masons, Belmont Lodge No. 627; Gas- 
tonia York Rite Masonic Orders; Shrine, Oasis Temple. Past President of Bel- 
mont Kiwanis Club, Past Lieutenant Governor of Division Two, Carolinas Ki- 
wanis District (1966). Appointed to original Planning and Zoning Board of Bel- 





Legislative Branch 367 

mont; past President, Belmont Chamber of Commerce; Past President, Belmont 
United Fund, Inc. Named 1967 "Man of the Year" by Belmont Chamber of Com- 
merce. Chairman of Commission for the Study of the Local and Ad Valorem Tax 
Structure of N. C, 1970. Served in U. S. Army, 1942-1945; European-African 
Theatre, 1943-1945; U. S. Army Reserve, 1949-1955; N. C. National Guard since 
1955; Lt. Colonel (Retired). Representative in the General Assembly of 1967, 
1969, 1971, and 1973. Member First Baptist Church, Belmont; Deacon; Church 
Parliamentarian; formerly served as Chairman Finance Committee; as Depart- 
ment Superintendent in Sunday School and on Building Committee. Married Sara 
Margaret Jones, August 14, 1948. Children: Mrs. Sharon B. Hill, 24, and 
Sandra Jo, 14. Address: 209 Peachtree Street, Belmont. 



SAM D. BUNDY 

(Democrat — Pitt County) 
(Eighth House District — Counties 1 Greene and Pitt. Two Representatives.) 




^09^"**^ Sam D. Bundy represents the Eighth Representative 

M 1 District. Graduated Farmville High School, 1923; Duke 

University, A.B., 1927; East Carolina University, M.A., 
^■^f 1948. Retired. Former Principal of Schools in Duplin, 

Edgecombe, and Martin Couties; Federal Government 1943- 
1944; Secretary of Farmville Chamber of Commerce and 
Tobacco Board of Trade, 1946-47; Principal of Farmville 
Public Schools, 1947-1965; Principal of Sam D. Bundy 
School, 1965-1970; Member Mount Olive College Board of 
Trustees, President of Pitt County Unit N. C. AE, 1951-52; President North- 
eastern District NCAE, 1952-53. Past Master Tarboro Masonic Lodge 1942; 
Past Master Farmville Masonic Lodge 1950; 32 Degree Scottish Rite Mason and 
Member of Sudan Temple of the Shrine; District Deputy Grand Master Fifth 
Masonic District N. C. 1951-54; Grand Orator of Grand Lodge of Masons in North 
Carolina 1961-62; Knight Commander of Court of Honor. Past President Tar- 
boro Kiwanis Club 1941 ; Past District Governor of Carolina Kiwanis District 
1945; Farmville Man of Year 1974. Rotating Panel Member of Carolina Today 
Morning Show, WCNT-TV, Greenville, N. C. Member North Carolina General 
Assembly, 1971, 1973, 1975; Vice-Chairman Constitutional Amendments Commit- 
tee, 1973; Vice-Chairman Education Committee, 1973. Member Diciples of Christ 
Church; Teacher Men's Class Farmville Christian Church Sunday School 1954- 
Superintendent Farmville Christian Church Sunday School, 1946-1953; 
President North Carolina Christian Men's Fellowship, 1950-51, 1955-56; Presi- 
dent State Convention Diciples of Christ, 1954. Married Bettie Spencer Bundy. 
Two Sons: Sam D. Bundy, Jr. and James Henry Bundy. Address: Box 30, Farm- 
ville, N. C. 27828. 



ARTHUR HARTWELL CAMPBELL 

(Democrat — Wilson County) 

(Seventh House District — Counties: Edgecombe, Nash and Wilson. Four 
Representatives.) 




368 North Carolina Manual 

Arthur Hartwell Campbell, representing the Seventh 
Representative District, was born in Buie's Creek October 
8, 1916. Son of Dr. Leslie H. Campbell and Viola Haire 
Campbell. Graduated Campbell High School 1932; Camp- 
bell College, A. A., 1934; Wake Forest College, B.S., 1936; 
graduate student, U.N.C., 1937; Yale University, B.D., 
1938-41. Owner and Editor of Radio Station WGTM in 
Wilson. Past President Wilson-Rocky Mount Sales, Market- 
ing and Executive Club. Organized, built and managed 
Eastern Carolina's first television station 1955-1963 in Greenville. An organizer 
and first President of Sentinel Life Insurance Company, Greenville. Member Wil- 
son Rotary Club. Past Director of Rotary Club, Wilson Chamber of Commerce, 
Eastern Carolina Council of Boy Scouts, Carolinas United Fund and Wilson 
County United Fund. Member Greenville City School Board 1958-63; Greenville 
City Council 1963-64; Chairman Wilson County Economic Development Commis- 
sion 1965- ; trustee of Campbell College. Member N. C. House of Representatives, 
1969. Member First Baptist Church, Wilson; Sunday School Teacher 1965-70 and 
Deacon 1967-70. Married Verda Harris October 20, 1942. Three sons: Thomas 
Hartwell, Leslie Vann and Neal Pearson. Address: 1709 Wilshire Boulevard, 
Wilson. 



HOWARD B. CHAPIN 

(Democrat — Beaufort County) 
(Second House District — Counties: Beaufort and Hyde. One Representative.) 

Howard B. Chapin, representing the Second Represen- 
tative District, was born in Ahoskie, N. C, December 9, 
1921. Son of Henry B. Chapin (Deceased) and Lavenia 
(Howard) Chapin. Attended Public Schools of Weldon 
Aurora; Graduated Kinston High School. Graduated At- 
lantic Christian College, 1947, A.B.; Attended Civic In- 
stitute of Government Chapel Hill; Political Science Courses 
East Carolina University. Teacher, Washington City 
Schools. Member NEA; NCAE; ACT. Former Coach 
High School Football, Basketball, Baseball; Division Manager F. E. Compton 
Company; Past President Belhaven Lions Club; Past President Washington 
Kiwanis Club; Charter Member Tri-Community Ruritan Club. Served Sgt. 8th 
Air Force, October 1943-November 1945. Member Christian Church. Married 
Mary Alice (Beasley) Chapin, January 29, 1948. Two Sons: J. Michael Chapin, 
25; Kenneth E. Chapin, 24. Address: Rt. 5, Box 419, Runyon Hills, Washington. 



NANCY WINBORN CHASE 
(MRS. JOHN B. CHASE) 

(Democrat — Wayne County) 
(Ninth House District — County : Wayne. Two Representatives.) 





Legislative Branch 369 

Nancy Winborn Chase, representing the Ninth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Fremont October 12, 1903. 
Daughter of Robert Edward and Kate (Davis) Winbon. 
Attended Fremont High School, 1910-1921. Housewife. 
Vice-Chairman Eureka Precinct, 1960, 1961; Co-Chairman 
Wayne County Democratic Campaign, 1960; Chairman 
North Carolina Farm Bureau. Women's Committee, 1955- 
1961 ; North Carolina Farm Bureau, Distinguished Service 
to Agriculture Award, 1956; Member Board of Trustees 
Wayne Community College; Wayne County "Woman of the Year," 1956; member 
Goldsboro area Chamber of Commerce; honorary member Future Homemakers of 
America; included in 1965 edition of International Biography; received 1965 
Progressive Farmer Award for Rural Woman of the Year in the South. Included 
in the 1971 edition of the National Register of Prominent Americans and in the 
1972 edition of Personalities of the South. Serving on Governor's Study Commis- 
sion on the Education and Employment of Women, Vice Chairman of Commission; 
Governor's Study Committee on Architectural Barriers; Member of the Charles B. 
Aycock Memorial Commission, 1972; Treasurer North Carolina Council of Wo- 
men's Organizations, 1959-1961. Vice Chairman, 1957-1959. Member Mental 
Health Commission. Past member Governor's State Traffic Safety Council; Eureka 
School Board, 1959, 1960; Charles B. Aycock School Board, 1960-1962; State Wel- 
fare Study Commission, 1961, 1962; State Tobacco Advisory Committee, 1966; 
Wayne County Extension Advisory Committee, 1964. Democratic "Woman of the 
Year", Wayne County and Third District, 1962; "Tar Heel of the Week" in The 
News and Observer August 12, 1962. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, and 1975. Honorary member Delta Kappa 
Gamma, 1963, (teachers' organization), member Beta Sigma Phi (social and cul- 
tural organization), also honorary international members; included in 1962 edi- 
tion of "North Carolina Lives— The Tar Heel Who's Who"; included in 1964 edi- 
tion of "Who's Who of American Women". Member of N. C. Mental Health As- 
sociation; N. C. National Bank, Goldsboro; N. C. Land Use Planning Congress; 
Wayne County Symphony Board, 1967- ; Goldsboro Chamber of Commerce; Busi- 
ness and Professional Women's Club, Legislative Committee of the Club ; member 
of the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association; received Community 
Service Award in 1963 given by Eureka Ruritan Club. Methodist; President Wo- 
man's Society of Christian Service; District Treasurer, New Bern District, 1946- 
1948; District President, New Bern District, 1949-1953; Charge Treasurer, 1959- 
1960; Honorary Life Patron, 1952, Life Member, 1944 Award. Teacher Adult 
Sunday School since 1947; Treasurer Eureka Church, 1959-1968; member Board 
of Stewards, 1959-. Awarded the 1972 Distinguished Service Award by the North 
Carolina Public Health Association. Married John B. Chase, January 27, 1922 
(now deceased). Children: John B., Jr. and Thomas E. Chase (now deceased). 
Address: Box 226, Eureka. 



LAURENCE ARTHUR COBB 

(Republican — Mecklenburg County) 
(Thirty-sixth District — County: Mecklenburg. Eight Representatives.) 



370 



North Carolina Manual 




Laurence Arthur Cobb, representing the Thirty-sixth 
Representative District, was born in Teaneck, New Jersey, 
May 20, 1933. Son of Gardiner and Georgette (Robedee) 
Cobb. Attended Freeport High School, Freeport, N. Y. ; 
1947-1951; Rutgers University, 1951-1962; University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1952-1955, B.S. in Business 
Administration (Banking & Finance) ; Washburn Univer- 
sity School of Law, 1955-1957; University of North Caro- 
lina School of Law, 1957-1958, Juris Doctor with Honors. 
Lawyer. Member 26th Judicial District Bar; North Carolina State Bar; North 
Carolina Bar and American Bar Associations; Commercial Law League of 
America; Charlotte Chamber of Commerce. Member Chi Psi Fraternity; Phi 
Alpha Delta, Legal Fraternity; Director, Alpha Sigma of Chi Psi, 1964; member 
Lions International; Charlotte Southern Lions, Director, 1969-1971. Author of 
two Law Review articles, published while in Law School. President, Kidney 
Foundation of Mecklenburg County, 1969-1970, Director, 1969; Director, Mecklen- 
burg Unit, American Cancer Society, 1969 ; North Carolina Courts Commission, 
1971 ; Legislative Study Commission Committee on Motor Vehicles, 1971-. Served 
in U. S. Air Force, active duty, 1959-1962; in Reserve since 1962. Member Christ 
Episcopal Church. Married Edna Faye Pugh January 30, 1960. Children: Laura 
Georgette and Glenn Laurence. Address: 158 McAlway Road, Charlotte. 



PORTER CLAUDE COLLINS, JR. 

(Democrat — Alleghany County) 

(Twenty-eighth Representative District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe, Stokes, 
Surry and Watauga. Three Representatives.) 

Porter Claude Collins, Jr., representing the Twenty- 
eighth Representative District, was born in Alleghany 
County, N. C, July 1, 1928. Son of Porter Claude and 
Nannie (Billings) Collins. Attended Glade Valley High 
School and has attended two insurance courses conducted 
at the University of N. C. at Chapel Hill, N. C. Owner of 
general insurance agency, and livestock farmer. Member 
of Independent Insurance Agents of North Carolina. Direc- 
tor of Blue Ridge Electric Membership Corporation; mem- 
ber of the New River Development Corp. ; former Trustee of the Northwestern 
Regional Library; past Chairman Laurel Springs School Committee, 1958-1963; 
past Chairman Laurel Springs Community Club, 1956-1962. Served as Member 
of Executive Committee of New River Mental Health Association for Alleghany, 
Ashe and Watauga Counties; Alleghany County Board of County Commissioners. 
Alleghany County Tax Supervisor. Representative in the General Assemblies of 
1967 and 1969. Member Sparta Masonic Lodge No. 423, past Master; York Rite 
Masons; Oasis Shrine, Grange, "Grange Deputy of the Year" for 1962; past 
Deputy North Carolina State Grange, 1956-1965; past Master Alleghany Pomona 
Grange, 1957-1963. Member Sparta Methodist Church; Steward; Treasurer of 
Building Fund; member of Official Board. Served as member of the N. C. State 
Parks and Forests Study Commission, which was created by the 1967 General 
Assembly. Appointed member of Governor Scott's Advisory Committee Studying 




Legislative Branch 



371 



the Feasibility of Establishing: a Veterinary School of Medicine in N. C. Married 
Annie Blanche Pugh, June 10, 1947. Two daughters, Linda and Susan. Address: 
Route 1, Box 96, Laurel Springs. 



RUTH E. COOK 
(MRS. JOHN O. COOK) 

(Democrat — Wake County) 

(Fifteenth House District — County: Wake. Six Representatives.) 

Ruth E. Cook, representing the Fifteenth Representa- 
tive District, was born in Berlin, Germany, November 11, 
1929. Daughter of Samuel and Use (Meyer) Mohr. At- 
tended George Washington High School, 1944-1947; New 
York University. Former Executive Director of The State 
Council For Social Legislation. Member N. C. Consumers 
Council; League of Women Voters; N. C. Civil Liberties 
Union. Tar Heel of The Week, News and Observer, 1969. 
Member Unitarian— Universalist Fellowship. Married John 
Oliver Cook (deceased), October 31, 1954. Two Children 1 Roger Mohr Cook born 
age 18; Judith Ellen Cook, age 15. Address: 3413 Churchill Road, Raleigh. 





WILLIAM AYDEN CREECH 

(Democrat — Wake County) 
(Fifteenth House District — County: Wake. Six Representatives.) 

William Ayden Creech, representing the Fifteenth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Smithfield, N. C. August 5, 
1925. Attended Public Schools of North Carolina; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, A.B., 1948; University of Oslo, 
Blindern, Norway, 1947; George Washington University, 
1949, 1952, 1953; Inter-Agency Foreign Trade Course, De- 
partment of State, Agriculture, Commerce and Labor, 1952; 
Near East Area Specialization Course, Foreign Service In- 
stitute, Department of State, 1952-1953; Certificate in Eng- 
lish and Comparative Law, City of London School, 1954; Georgetown University 
Law School, J.D., 1958. Economic Assistant, American Embassy, Baghdad, Iraq, 
1949-1951; International Economist, Near East and African Division, Bureau of 
Foreign Commerce. Department of Commerce, 1952-1954; Economic Officer, 
American Embassy, London, England, 1954-55; Professional Staff Member, U. S. 
Senate Committee on Small Business, Washington, D. C, 1955-58; Counsel, U. S. 
Senate Committee on Small Business, Washington, D. C, 1958-59; Attorney At 
Law, Smithfield, N. C, 1959-1961; Chief Counsel and Staff Director, Sub-Com- 
mittee on Constitutional Rights of the U. S. Senate Judiciary Committee, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1961-1966; Attorney at Law, Raleigh, N. C. 1965. Chairman 
of Board, Edenton Street United Methodist Child Development Center, 1973; 
Member Advisory Committee North Carolina Business and Economic Improve- 
ment Corporation, 1973; Member North Carolina Advisory Council on Small 
Business, 1968; Chairman, N. C. Advisory Council on Small Business, 1969; Vice- 
President Wake County Mental Health Association 1968-1969; President Cameron 
Park Association, 1973; President-Elect, Raleigh Little Treatre, 1973; 



372 North Carolina Manual 

Member Board of Directors and Executive Committee North Carolina Mental 
Health Association, 1971 ; Member and Vice Chairman North Carolina 
American Revolution Bicentennial Commission; 1967- ; Member Board of 

Associates Meredith College, Raleigh, N. C, 196(5; Member Law Committee 
North Carolina Council on Mental Retardation; Member Task Force on Social 
Services and Child Mental Health State Study Commission on Emotionally Dis- 
turbed Children, 1970; Chairman North Carolina Bar Association Committee on 
Mental Health, 1971; President Wake County Historical Society, Inc., 1971-1972; 
Member Board of Trustees North Carolina Symphony Society, Inc., 1967; 
Member Advisory Committee North Carolina Symphony Society, Inc., 1964-1967, 
1973, 1974; President Raleigh-Wake County Chapter North Carolina Symphony 
Society, Inc., 1967, 1968; Member of Campbell College Million Dollar Cabinet 
(Sixteen Member Fund-Raising Committee for Baptist Church related College at 
Buies Creek, N. C, 1965-1966) ; Member of Bennett Place Centennial Committee, 
1965; Member of Bentonville Centennial Committee, 1965; Member Board of 
Directors of National Capital Area Chapter of the National Foundation, 1962- 
1964; Member Tuscarora Council Boy Scouts of America, 1961; North Carolina 
State Chairman March of Dimes, 1960, 1961; Member Johnston County (N. C.) 
Board of Public Welfare, 1960-61. Recipient of Junior Chamber of Commerce 
Distinguished Service Award, 1961 ; Certificate of Appreciation, The National 
Foundation, 1961; Award for Outstanding Service Johnston (N. C.) County His- 
torical Society, 1965; Award for outstanding effort for achievement in accredita- 
tion Compbell College, 1966. Member, American Legion; Mason. Author Congress 
Looks to the Serviceman's Rights; American Bar Association Journal, Vol. 49, 
Number 11, November, 1963; "Psychological Testing and Constitutional Rights", 
1966 Duke Law Journal, 332; "The Privacy of Government Employees", 1966 
Law and Contemporary Problems, 413; Numerous articles Foi-eign Commerce 
Weekly and Publications of Bureau of Foreign Commerce, U. S. Dept. of Com- 
merce, 1952-1953; Newspaper articles, 1947. Attended 1964 National Democratic 
Convention, aide to Senator Sam J. Ervin, Sr. ; 1968 National Convention as al- 
ternate delegate; Chairman of Committee on Permanent Organization, N. C. 
Democratic State Convention, 1960. Veteran WWII. Member United Methodist 
Church; Chairman of Ministry of Social Concerns; Sunday School Teacher; Mar- 
ried Sally (Wood) Creech. Three Sons: Lawrence, 5; Ezekiel, 3; Charles, 4 
months. Address: 1208 College Place, Raleigh; 1208 Branch Banw Building, 
Raleigh. 

GEORGE PRESTON CULLIPHER 

(Democrat — Martin County) 
(Sixth House District — Counties: Halifax, Martin. Two Representatives.) 

George Preston Cullipher, representing the Sixth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Merry Hill, N. C, Septem- 
ber 23, 1908. Son of Thomas and Sophis J. (Mizzelle) Cul- 
lipher. Colerain High School, 1923-1927; Campbell Junior- 
College, 1927-1929, A.A., Wake Forest College, 1929-1931, 
B.S. Served 42 years Public Schools (Retired). Member 
Masons; Board of Martin County Mental Health Associa- 
tion; Board of Directors of East Carolina Sheltered Work- 
shop; Served as District Governor, two terms 1958-1968 




Legislative Branch 373 

Roanoke District of North Carolina, National Ruritan Clubs. Member Methodist 
Church; Sunday School Teacher; Lay Leader; Chairman Finance Committee; 
Member Pastoral-Parish Relationship Committee; Program Chairman Methodist 
Men's Club. Married Mary A. Cullipher, July 8, 1933. Two sons: Bill Cullipher, 
41; Joe Culliper, 35. Address: 102 Christina Ave., Williamston. 



JOHN EDWIN DAVENPORT 

(Democrat — Nash County) 
(Seventh House District — Counties: Edgecombe, Nash and Wilson. Four 
Representatives. ) 

John Edwin Davenport, representing the Seventh Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Nashville April 28, 1928. 
|L Ik Son of Louis Ludford Davenport and Bybe Rogers Daven- 

BL** ***** * port. Graduated Nashville High School, 1945; University of 

North Carolina, 1948, A.B.; UNC School of Law, 1951, J.D. 
* ^r- - i Attorney. Member Nash-Edgecombe Bar Association, Pres- 

Jg^^ ^^ ident 1969-70 and Secretary 1955-56. Member Seventh Ju- 
g/^  M dicial District Bar Association; North Carolina Bar Asso.; 

American Bar Asso. (member Real Estate and Probate Sec- 
tion) ; N. C. State Bar; American Judicature Society and N. C. Academy of Trial 
Lawyers. Lecturer on Eminent Domain Laws, N. C. Bar Association Practical 
Skills Course 1971 and 1972. Trust Officer, First Citizens Bank and Trust Co., 
1959-64; Chairman of Board, Sharpsburg Properties, Inc.; President, Regency 
Estates, Inc.; President, Nashville Industrial Development Corp. 1964 to date. 
Member Delta Theta Phi Law Fraternity, District Chancellor 1958-70. Mason. 
Prosecuting Attorney, Nash County Recorder's Court 1956-57. Real Property 
Attorney, State of N. C. 1957-59. College Organizer, N. C. Young Democratic 
Club 1955-56; President, Nash County YDC 1956-57. Chairman, Nash County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1974 to date; member N. C. Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee 1970-72, Nashville Young Man of the Year, 1956. District Vice- 
President, N. C. Jaycees 1956-57. Director, Nashville Chamber of Commerce 1971 
to date. Member, Friends of Harold D. Cooley Memorial Library Committee. Di- 
rector, Country Doctor Museum. Enlisted U.S. Air Force 1951; Officers Candi- 
date School, graduated 1952; Honorable Discharge as 1st Lieutenant 1953. Cap- 
tain, U.S.A. F. Reserves 1953-65. Member Nashville United Methodist Church; 
chairman of Work Area on Worship; member, Council of Ministries and Ad- 
ministrative Board; assistant Sunday school teacher. Married Mary Elizabeth 
Pope October 10, 1959. Two children: Mary Elizabeth, 14, and Wynn Newman, 
11. Address: P. O. Drawer 988, Nashville. 



GILBERT RAY DAVIS 

(Democrat — Randolph County) 
(Twenty-fourth House District^County : Randolph. Two Representatives.) 




374 North Carolina Manual 

Gilbert Ray Davis, representing the Twenty-fourth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Randolph County, N. C, 
March 18, 1936. Son of Ernest and Anna (Hohn) Davis. 
Graduated Trinity High School, 1954. Beef Cattle Farmer; 
Real Estate; Davis Auction Co. Past President and mem- 
ber Randolph County Farm Bureau; Member Holstein As- 
sociation; Member Civitan; Mason; Shriner. Outstanding 
Young Farmer of Year, 1965, 1968. Member Cedar Square 
Friends Sunday School. Married L. Marie W. Davis, Feb- 

uary 12, 1954. Three Children: Kathryn Diane Davis, 20; Steven Eddie, 18; 

Tammy Luane, 14. Address: Route No. 1, Randleman. 



CLAUDE DeBRUHL 

(Democrat — Buncombe County) 

(Forty-third House District — Counties: Buncombe and Transylvania. Four 
Representatives.) 

^^^^ Claude DeBruhl, representing the Forty-third Repre- 

 B| sentative District, was born in Buncombe County, January 

 5, 1915. Son of William LeRoy and Levasta (Reece) De- 

T^ewl Bruhl. Attended Buncombe County Schools; Woodfin High 

\~7\^y School; Asheville Biltmore College; Lenoir Rhyne College; 

Love Law School, Asheville; graduated from "The Anna- 
polis of the Air" at Pensacola, Fla. as naval officer, and 
graduate of the Appraisal School, University of Georgia. 
Farmer, publisher and builder. Selected "Home Builder of 
the Year" for Western North Carolina, 1967; President, WNC Home Builders 
Assn., 1969-1970. Representative in the General Assembly of 1969 and 1971. 
Awarded plaque for "Outstanding Services Rendered" to Disabled American 
Veterans in 1965, 1966, 1967. Past Commander, West Asheville American Legion. 
Member Asheville, State and National Boards of Realtors; Chamber of Com- 
merce; West Asheville Business Assn. 32nd degree Scottish Rite Mason; member 
Blackmer Masonic Lodge No. 170, Oasis Temple and Asheville Consistory, 
A&ASR. Member Montmorenci Methodist Church. President, Allied Publishers, 
Inc. Married Revonda Miller April 13, 1940. Two sons, Captain Claude Michael, 
U. S. Air Force, and William Patrick. Address: Route No. 1, Box 480, Candler. 




JUDSON DAVIE DeRAMUS, JR. 

(Democrat — Forsyth County) 
(Twenty-ninth House District — County: Forsyth. Five Representatives.) 



Legislative Branch 



375 



Judson Davie DeRamus, Jr., representing the Twenty- 
ninth Representative District, was born in Charlotte, N. C, 
January 6, 1945. Son of Judson Davie DeRamus, Sr., and 
Nina Dixon (Jerome) DeRamus. Attended Reynolds High 
School, Winston-Salem, 1957-1959; The McCallie School, 
Chattanooga, Tennessee, 1959-1962. Graduated Duke Uni- 
versity, B.A., 1965; University of North Carolina Law 
School, J.D., 1968. Attorney — Jenkins, Lucas, Babb & De- 
Ramus, Winston-Salem. Member North Carolina Bar; North 
Carolina Bar Association; Forsyth County Bar Association; Forsyth County 
Junior Bar Association; American Judicature Society, Member Rotary; Ex- 
change; Elks; Odd Fellows. Served U. S. Army Reserve, 1988-1969. Member 
Winston-Salem Recreation and Parks Commission, January 8, 1974. Member 
Centenary United Methodist Church. Married Sarah Lane (Ivey) DeRamus, June 
28, 1969. Address: 792 Arbor Road, Winston-Salem. 




DAVID HUNTER DIAMONT 

(Democrat — Surry County) 
(Twenty-eighth House District — Counties 1 Alleghany, Ashe, Stokes, Surry, 
and Watauga. Three Representatives.) 

David Hunter Diamont, representing the Twenty- 
eighth Representative District, was born in Greensboro, 
N. C, February 9, 1946. Son of David Elijah and Hyacinth 
Cleo (Hunter) Diamont. Attended East Surry High School, 
Pilot Mountain, N. C, 1961-1963; Frank L. Ashley High 
School, Gastonia, N. C, 1963-64. Graduated Wake Forest 
University, B.A., 1968; Appalachian State University, 
M.A., 1972. High School History Teacher; Assistant Foot- 
ball Coach. Member NEA ; NCAE ; North Carolina Coaches' 
Association; Lambda Chi Alpha. Member First United Methodist Church of 
Pilot Mountain; President of MYF, 1962. Address: P. 0. Box 161, Pilot Moun- 
tain. 




FRED RAY DORSEY 

(Republican — Henderson County) 
(Forty-second House District — County: Henderson. One Representative.) 

Fred Ray Dorsey, representing the Forty-second Repre- 
sentative District, was born January 19, 1930 in Buncombe 
County. Son of Fred D. Dorsey and Jessie Hensley Dorsey. 
Graduated Flat Rock High School, 1948. Attended Blanton's 
Business College, Asheville. Specialist, Physical Distribu- 
tion, General Electric Lighting Systems. Immediate past 
President North Carolina Wildlife Federation; Director 
North Carolina Wildlife Federation; member National 
Wildlife Federation; founder Blue Ridge Wildlife Club. 
Member National Rifle Association. Sustaining member Boy Scouts. Military 
service-Sergeant, 1951-53. Member East Flat Rock Methodist Church. Married 





376 North Carolina Manual 

Suzanne Carmichael February 8, 1957. Two children: Deborah Lee and Robert 
Todd. Address: Box 273, East Flat Rock. 

LARRY P. EAGLES 

(Democrat — Edgecombe County) 
(Seventh House District — Counties: Edgecombe, Nash, and Wilson. Four 
Representatives. ) 

Larry P. Eagles, Democrat of Edgecombe County, rep- 
resenting the Seventh Representative District, was born in 
Fountain December 18, 1909. Son of Fitzhugh Lee and 
Kippie (Yelverton) Eagles. Attended Pitt County Schools 
(Fountain); Mars Hill (High School), 1927; Wake Forest 
University, B.A., 1932. Retired President, State Life and 
Health Insurance Company. Former member Executive 
Committee, North Carolina Life Insurance Association; 
North Carolina Insurance Advisory Board, 1964-1970; 
Chairman, Tarboro Zoning Board of Adjustment (18 years). Reading Clerk of 
North Carolina State Senate, 1935. Member Tarboro Rotary Club, President, 
1958; Loyal Order of Moose; American Legion. Master Sergeant, U.S. Army. 
1942-1945, served in South Pacific Theater. Representative in 1971 Legislature. 
Member Board of Governors, Council of State Government; Chairman N. C. In- 
terstate Corporation Commission; Executive Committee S. Region Council of 
State Government. Missionary Baptist; Teacher of Men's Bible Class 15 years. 
Married to former Barbara Cole of Peoria, Illinois. One daughter, Barbara Anne, 
age 16 months. Two daughters by a previous marriage, Becky and Brenda Eagles. 
Two step-children, Brad and Gina Alexander. Address: 806 St. Patrick Street, 
Tarboro. 



JAMES HARRELL EDWARDS 

(Democrat — Caldwell County) 

(Thirty-fourth House District — Counties: Caldwell, Wilkes and Yadkin. 
Three Representatives.) 

James Harrell Edwards, representing the Thirty-fourth 
Representative District, was born in Ayden, N. C, Novem- 
ber 25, 1926. Son of James J. and Ella Stokes Edwards. 
Attended Atlantic Christian College; East Carolina Univer- 
sity; University of Miami. Insurance Adjuster; Private 
Detective. Member N. C. Association of Licensed Detec- 
tives; National Association of Independent Insurance Ad- 
justers; N. C. Adjusters Association; Loyal Order of Blue 
Goose International; National Association of Fire Investi- 
gators; NWNC Claims Association. Member Shriner; White Shrine of Jeru- 
salem; Veterans of Foreign Wars; American Legion, Loyal Order of Moose; 
Order of Elks; Hickory Lodge No. 343 AF and AM; Hickory Commandry; 
Hickory Council; Catawba Chapter; Scottish Rite of Free Masonry. Adjuster of 
the Year, 1970. Member Governor Scott's Insurance Study Commission. Served 




Legislative Branch 



377 



U. S. Naval Reserve, Ensign, November 1944-December 1947. Member Bethle- 
hem Lutheran Church; Deacon (1948-49). Chicod Presbyterian Church, Green- 
ville, N. C. Married Trelby Bumgarner Edwards, June 30, 1967. Six children: 
James Loren Edwards; Charles Thomas Edwards; Ella Ann Edwards Compton; 
Johnny Harrell Edwards; Keith Charles Edwards; Greta Lynn Edwards. Ad- 
dress: Route No. 3, Box 118, Granite Falls. 



THOMAS WILLIAM ELLIS, JR. 

(Democrat — Vance County) 
Thirteenth House District — Counties: Caswell, Granville, Person, Vance and 
Warren. Three Representatives.) 

Thomas William Ellis, Jr., representing the Thirteenth 
Representative District, was born in Henderson, N. C, Jan- 
uary 9, 1919. Son of Thomas William Ellis, Sr. and Verlie 
(Weldon) Ellis. Attended Public Schools of Henderson; 
Graduated Henderson High School 1936. Attended Mars 
Hill College; UNC-Chapel Hill, B.A., 1940; N. C. State 
College, 1941. Automobile Executive; Farmer. Member N. 
C. Auto Dealers and National Auto Dealers Association; 
Served 12 years as area chairman, both groups. Member 
Henderson-Vance County Chamber of Commerce, 1964. Member Lions Club 
President 1955-56; Zone Chairman 1962-63; Deputy District Governor 1963-64 
Director 1972-74. Appointed Trustee N. C. College by Governor Umstead, 1954 
Member Henderson City School Board, Chairman two years, 1958-1966; Member 
N. C. Seashore Commission 1961-65; Served Vance County Board of Health; 
Board of Trustees of Maria Parham Hospital; Chairmana Area Mental Health 
Board 1971-72; Vice Chairman Cherokee District Boy Scouts, 1966-1971. Mem- 
ber First United Methodist Church, Henderson, N. C; Board of Stewards, Lay 
Leader. Married Dorothy Wiggins Ellis, July 24, 1942. Three Children: Dorothy 
Mae Ellis, 27; Dianne Marie Ellis, 27; and Thomas William Ellis, III, 21. Address: 
70 Forrest Road, Henderson. 




JEFF HAILEN ENLOE, JR. 

(Democrat — Macon County) 

(Forty-fifth Representative District — Counties: Cherokee, Clay, Graham and 
Macon. One Representative.) 

Jeff Hailen Enloe, Jr., was born in Franklin, North 
Carolina on September 2, 1914 the son of Jeff H. and Jessie 
Hester Enloe, Sr. Attended Franklin public schools, grad- 
uated Franklin High School, 1932; North Carolina State 
College, B.S., 1938, in Agriculture Education. Retired after 
34 years of service with the United States Department of 
Agriculture. Served in the United States Navy, 1943-1946, 
Petty Officer 2nd Class. Methodist. Married Duth Drum- 
mond July 20, 1946. Children: William A. Enloe, 27; Jeff 

H. Enloe III, 25; James R. Enloe, 19; and Gregory M. Enloe, 15. Address: RFD 

1, Box 46, Franklin. 




378 



North Carolina Manual 



RICHARD CANNON ERWIN 



(Democrat — Forsyth County) 
(Twenty-ninth Representative District — County: Forsyth. Five Represen- 
tatives.) 

Richard Cannon Erwin was born in Marion (McDowell 
County), North Carolina August 23, 1923 the son of John 
Adams and Flora Cannon Erwin. Attended McDowell 
County Public Schools; Johnson C. Smith University (Char- 
lotte, North Carolina), B.A. degree, 1947; Howard Univer- 
sity School of Law (Washington, D. C), LL.B. degree, 1951. 
Lawyer (Firm of Erwin and Beaty) Member Forsyth 
County and State Bar Association; Bar of the United 
States Supreme Court; Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity. Win- 
ner Silver Cup, Citizens Coalition of Forsyth County, August, 1974. Past Presi- 
dent, Forsyth County Bar Association. Served United States Army, 1943-1946 
(First Sergeant). Member St. Paul United Methodist Church; served as Na- 
tional Methodist Layman. Married Demerice Whitley August 25, 1946. Children 1 
Aurelia Whitley, 20; and Richard Cannon, Jr., 26. Address: P. 0. Box 995, 
Winston-Salem, 27102; Home: 628 West 24% Street, Winston-Salem. 







ROBERT ZEMRI FALLS 




(Democrat — Cleveland County) 
(Fourtieth House District — Counties: Cleveland, Polk and Rutherford. Three 
Representatives. ) 

Robert Zemri Falls, representing the Fourtieth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Cleveland County April 15, 
1912. Son of Alfred and Lula (Crowder) Falls. Attended 
Lattimore High School, 1929; The Citadel, (Military), 
R.O.T.C. training, 1929-1930; Gardner-Webb Junior Col- 
lege. Farmer. Member Shelby Rotary Club; Shelby Cham- 
ber of Commerce; Cleveland County Agricultural Commit- 
tee. Representative in the General Assembly of 1965, 1967, 
1969 and 1971. Member Westview Baptist Church, Shelby; 
Deacon, 1953. Married Jeannie Blanton November 20, 1935. Address: 1308 Wes- 
son Road, Shelby. 



ji-^CSl*. 




ROBERT L. FARMER 



(Democrat — Wake County) 
(Fifteenth House District— County : Wake. Six Representatives.) 




Legislative Branch 379 

Robert L. Farmer, representing the Fifteenth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Johnston County, July 23, 
1933. Son of Thomas Albert and Oma Martha (Adams) 
Farmer. Attended Smithfield High School, graduated, 1951 ; 
University of North Carolina, B.S. degree in Business Ad- 
ministration, 1955, with major in Accounting; University 
of North Carolina Law School, LL.B., 1960. Lawyer. Mem- 
ber North Carolina State Bar, Wake County Bar, and North 
Carolina Bar Associations. Solicitor, Wake County Do- 
mestic Relations Court, 1963-1965. Admitted to practice before North Carolina 
State Courts, U. S. District Courts in North Carolina, and Supreme Court of the 
United States. Member Raleigh Jaycees, President, 1966-1967; Raleigh Jaycee 
Zoological Foundation, first President, 1967; Raleigh Kiwanis Club. Served in 
U. S. Army, 1955-1957. Member Hayes Barton United Methodist Church; Chair- 
man, Board of Trustees since 1968; member Official Board for past nine years. 
Representative in the General Assembly, 1971. Married Martha Caroline Las- 
siter September 6, 1959. Children: Joseph Robert, James Thomas, and Caroline 
Marie. Address: 107 Kipling Place, Raleigh. 

JO GRAHAM FOSTER 
(MRS. JAMES B. FOSTER) 

(Democrat — Mecklenburg County) 
(Thirty-sixth House District — County: Mecklenburg. Eight Representatives.) 

Jo Graham Foster, representing the thirty-sixth House 
District, was born May 22, 1915. Daughter of Rev. Joseph 
Alexander Graham and Queen McDonald Graham. Attended 
McBee S. C. High School, 1927-1928 and Spring Hill Central 
High School, 1928-1931. Graduated Columbia College May 
J_" - im 26, 1935. Member Delta Kappa Gamma, National Educa- 

\. ^.^^ tion Association, North Carolina Association of Educators, 

W\^A n P.A.C.E., local unit of Charlotte-Mecklenburg Educators, 
National Association of Secondary School Principals, As- 
sistant Principals Organization, Gamma Sigma Sorority, Sigma Tau Delta Hon- 
orary Sorority, International Platform Association, and precinct committee Vice 
Chairman. A nominee in the field of education as a Salute to Working Women, 
1968, and past president of N.C.A.E. Listed in Who's Who of American Plat- 
form. Present profession, Assistant to the Superintendent of Charlotte-Mecklen- 
burg Schools. Member of Dilworth Methodist Church of Charlotte. Board of 
Stewards, adult Sunday School teacher, lay speaker and serves on several commit- 
tees including Committee on Education. Married James Benjamin, June 4, 1937. 
One daughter, Mary Jo Foster McClure (Mrs. Thomas A. McClure). Address : 
5600 Seacroft Road, Charlotte. 

HENRY E. FRYE 

(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Twenty-third House District — County: Guilford. Seven Representatives.) 





380 North Carolina Manual 

Henry E. Frye, representing the Twenty-third Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Ellerbe August 1, 1932. Son 
of Walter A. (deceased) and Pearl Alma (Motley) Frye. 
Attended Mineral Springs School, Ellerbe; A & T State 
University, B.S. (Biological Sciences), 1953; University of 
North Carolina, Chapel Hill, J. D. with Honors, June, 1959. 
jrShllll^ Lawyer. Member Creensboro Bar Association; North Caro- 

L ^J^^^.j Kna, American and National Bar Associations; Assistant 

■"*'^ B * U. S. Attorney, Middle District, 1963-1965; Professor of 

Law, N. C. Central University at Durham, 1965-1967; practicing- attorney 1967- ; 
organizer and president of Greensboro National Bank 1971- ; Board of Directors, 
North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company. Member Kappa Alpha Psi Fra- 
ternity. Representative in the General Assembly of 1969, 1971 and 1973. Captain 
in U. S. Air Force, 1953-1955. Member Providence Baptist Church; Deacon; 
Youth Sunday School Teacher. Married Edith Shirley Taylor August 25, 1956. 
Children: Henry Eric, 15 and Harlan Elbert, 13. Address: 1920 Drexmore Avenue, 
Greensboro. 

JOHN REEVES GAMBLE, JR. 

(Democrat — Lincoln County) 
(Thirty-eighth House District — Counties: Gaston and Lincoln. Four Repre- 
sentatives.) 

John Reeves Gamble, representing the Thirty-eighth 
Representative District, was born in Lincolnton March 26, 
1922. Member N. C. House 1973-74. Son of John Reeves 
Gamble and Hope Lucile Seibert Gamble. Graduated Lin- 
colnton High School, 1939; Emory University, A.B., 1943; 
University of Maryland School of Medicine, M.D., 1946. 
Physician (surgeon). Past President Lincoln County Medi- 
 cal Society; member N. C. Medical Society, American Medi- 

cal Society, Kappa Alpha Order and Phi Chi Medical Fra- 
ternity. President and Administrator Reeves Gamble Hospital, Inc. 1946-1970. 
Commanding Officer and Chief Surgeon of 48th (mobile) Army Surgical Hospital 
1954-1956. Member VFW; Eagle Scout; Cleveland, Gaston and Lincoln Health 
Planning Council, Founders Group; Past Director, N. C. Hereford Association; 
member Catawba-Lincoln-Alexander Health Board 1966-70; Central Piedmont 
Council of Governments, Founders Group; chairman of Constitution and By- 
Laws, Legislative and Nominating Committees of CPCOG. North Carolina Medi- 
cal Society, Legislative Committee 1971-73. Lincoln County Board of Commis- 
sioners, chairman 1966-70. N. C. Local Government Commission 1968-73. Member 
Emmanuel Lutheran Church (LCA) ; Council member two terms. Married Mary 
Elizabeth (Betty) Rhodes March 31, 1945. Children: John R., Ill, Elizabeth 
Rhodes and Mary Caroline. Address: P. O. Box 250, Lincolnton. 

JONAS MELVIN GARDNER 

(Democrat — Johnston County) 

(Fourteenth House District- — Counties: Johnston and Franklin. Two Repre- 
sentatives.) 



Legislative Branch 



381 




Jonas Melvin Gardner, representing the Fourteenth 
Representative District, was born in Johnston County Sep- 
tember 11, 1911. Son of Jonas Bailey and Mary Elizabeth 
(Baker) Gardner. Attended Brogden Elementary School, 
1918-1925; Princeton High School, 1925-1929. Oil Jobber. 
Member Fellowship Lodge No. 84, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; Master of Fellowship Lodge No. 84, A.F. & 
A.M., Smithfield, 1959; 32nd degree Scottish Rite Mason; 
Shriner; member Sudan Temple. Town Commissioner, 
Smithfield, 1965-1970; Mayor Pro-Tern, Smithfield, 1967-1970. Vice President 
and Director, First National Bank of Smithfield; past Director, Smithfield Cham- 
ber of Commerce; past Chairman, Johnston County Oil Men's Assn. Served as 
Private First Class, August 14, 1942 to December 11, 1942. Member of the North 
Carolina Farm Bureau, Johnston County Shrine Club; Restaurant and Service 
Station business, member of the Carolina Country Club in Raleigh, North Caro- 
lina Jobbers Assoc, charter member of the Smithfield Lions Club, member of the 
Smithfield-Selma Chamber of Commerce, President of Gardner-Creech Oil Com- 
pany, Farmer, Citrus Grower; and Real Estate Business. Presbyterian. Married 
Rose Darby August 11, 1957. Address: 825 Vermont Street, Smithfield. 



JAMES WORTH GENTRY 

(Democrat — Stokes County) 
(Twenty-eighth Representative District — Counties: Alleghany, Ashe, Stokes 
and Surry. Three Representatives.) 

James Worth Gentry, representing the Twenty-eighth 
Representative District, was born in King, N. C, August 
4, 1908. Son of I. G. and Mary (Kreeger) Gentry. Attend- 
ed Draughans Business College, 1929. Fertilizer dealer, 
cattle raiser and farmer. County Commissioner 1956-1957, 
1957-1958; Chairman of the local school board for ten years; 
Chairman Finance Committee and member Board of Direc- 
tors, Stokes-Reynolds Memorial Hospital, 1954-1966; Chair- 
man Hospital Board, 1966-. Mason; Charter member King 
Lions Club, 1948-1968, President, 1957, and Citizen of the Year, 1958; President 
Stokes County United Fund, 1959; President, N. C. Agriculture Foundation, 1972- 
1973 ; member Stokes County Industrial Committee, North West Development 
Association. Member Chestnut Grove Methodist; Steward, 1952-1968. State 
Senator in the General Assembly of 1961, 1965 and 1967. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1969 and 1971. Married Marguerite Priscilla Slate, June 16. 
1934. Children: Marvin D. Gentry and Glenn W. Gentry. Address: Route 1, 
King. 




THOMAS ODELL GILMORE, SR. 

(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Twenty-third House District— County : Guilford. Seven Representatives.) 



382 



North Carolina Manual 




*t^^^^ Thomas Odell Gilmore, Sr., representing the Twenty- 

^k third Representative District, was born in Randolph County 

L __ J November 15, 1936. Son of Glenn G. Gilmore, Sr. and Mary 

T*^ ^5jj Elizabeth Harris Gilmore. Graduated Liberty High School, 

-* 1954; American Landscape School, 1957; North Carolina 

State University, 1959, B.S. in Horticulture. Landscape 
Contractor. Vice-President, Gilmore Plant and Bulb Com- 
pany, Inc. Member of North Carolina Association of Nur- 
serymen, Chairman, Board of Directors; American Associa- 
tion Nurserymen, Chairman Highways Committee; National Landscape Associa- 
tion, member Board of Directors ; Associated Landscape Contractors of America, 
member Board of Directors; Piedmont Association of Nurserymen; Southern As- 
sociation of Nurserymen; North Carolina Horticultural Council, Inc., member 
Advisory Council. Member Guilford County Mental Health Association and North 
Carolina State University Alumni Association. Named Guilford County's "Most 
Outstanding Farmer", 1969. Member State Board of Agriculture, 1961-1967; 
served on National Beautification Clinic, 1969. Received Industrial Landscaping 
Award by American Association of Nurserymen, 1971 ; "Outstanding Young 
Alumnus Award" by the Alumni Association of North Carolina State University, 
1972. Member Blue Key, Alpha Zeta, Pi Alpha Xi and Farm House. President 
North Carolina State University Young Democratic Club, 1958 ; State President 
Young Democrat Club, 1964; delegate to 1964 National Democratic Convention 
and Alternate to 1968 Convention. Member The Community in Christ Presbyterian 
Church; Elder. Married Betty Lou Shoffner August 16, 1958. Three children: 
Dell, age 12; Dwayne, age 10 and Dana, age 2. Residence: Forest Oaks, Route 13, 
Ramblewood Drive, Greensboro. Office: Julian. 



CARSON GREGORY 



(Democrat — Harnett County) 

(Eighteenth Representative District — Counties: Harnett and Lee. 
i-esentatives.) 



Two Rep- 



Carson Gregory was born in Angier (Harnett County) 
August 11, 1911 the son of Alex and Carra Parrish Gregory. 
Attended Harnett County Schools; Campbell College (one 
year). Farmer and businessman. Member Erwin Chamber 
of Commerce; President, Good Hope Hospital Board of Di- 
rectors; President N. C. Spotted Swine Association; Presi- 
dent, Harnett County Farm Bureau; National Board of 
Directors Spot Swine Association; Board of Directors, 
Terri Hill Manufacturing (Coats) ; Board of Directors, 
. C. Pork Producers; Past President, Board of Directors, Harnett County Men- 
tally Retarded Children; Board of Harnett County Sheltered Workshop. Mem- 
ber, Angier Mason 686; Shriner, Sudan, Dunn Shrine Club; Dunn-Erwin WOW; 
Coats Lions Club; Coats Hunting and Fishing Club. Coats First Baptist Church; 
member, Finance Committee. Married Blanche Williams November 4, 1939. 
Children: Carson W. Gregory, Jr. (deceased); Joe Gregory, 30; and Frances G. 
Avery, 27. Address: Route 2, Angier. 




Legislative Branch 



383 



PAT OAKES GRIFFIN 
(MRS. ROSCOE DILLARD GRIFFIN) 

(Democrat — Durham County) 
(Sixteenth Representative District— County : Durham. Three Representatives.) 

Pat Oakes Griffin was born Pittsylvanie County (Vir- 
ginia) May 6, 1918 the daughter of James David and Lu- 
cille Rogers Oakes. Attended Ridgeville High School 
(Ridgeville, Indiana), 1931-1933; Burlington High School, 
1934-1935; Manchester College (North Manchester, Indi- 
ana), 1935-1937; Burlington Business College, 1938. Mem- 
ber Durham's Business and Professional Women; Shi Sigma 
Alpha Sorority. Member First Baptist Church (Durham) ; 
former Sunday School Teacher; Trustee, 1973. Married 
Roscoe Dillard Griffin June 30, 1939. Children: Roscoe David Griffin, 32; and 
Patricia Gail Clowen, 29. Six Grandchildren. Address: 1829 Front Sereet, Apt. 
F-2, Durham. 




PETER WILSON HAIRSTON 

(Democrat — Davie County) 
(Thirtieth House District — Counties: Davidson and Davie. Three Repre- 
sentatives.) 

Peter Wilson Hairston, representing the Thirtieth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Davie County August 2, 
1913. Son of Peter Wilson Hairston, and Margaret Elmer 
(George) Hairston. Attended Virginia Episcopal School, 
Lynchburg, Virginia 1927-30; University of North Carolina, 
Chapel Hill, A.B. Degree, 1933. University of North Caro- 
lina Law School, Chapel Hill, L.L.B. Degree, 1935. Lawyer. 
Member North Carolina American Bar Association. Presi- 
dent, 26th Judicial District Bar. Sigmon U Fraternity, Phi 
Beta Cappa. Captain, Tank Destroyer Corps, 1942-1946. North Carolina In- 
surance Advisory Commission. North Carolina Real Estate Licensing Board. 
Representative in the General Assembly, 1955. Military Decorations: Bronze 
Star, Purple Heart, 5 Battle Stars. Member of the Society of the Cincinnati. 
Literary Productions: Law Review Articles, Historical Review Articles. Protes- 
tant Episcopal. Vestry. Married Lucy Mt. Dortch Hairston, August 6, 1949. 
Children: George Ryan Hairston, 30, and Peter Wilson Hairston, Jr., 24. Address: 
Cooleemee Plantation, Route 2, Advance. 




WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE HARRIS, JR. 



(Democrat- 

( Twenty-second House District- 
Representatives. ) 



-Alamance County) 

-Counties: Alamance and Rockingham. Four 




384 North Carolina Manual 

William Shakespeare Harris, Jr., representing the 
Twenty-second Representative District, was born in Dur- 
ham July 20, 1924. Son of William Shakespeare Harris, Sr., 
and Eunice (Fairchild) Harris. Attended Mebane High 
School, Mebane, N. C, graduated 1941; University of North 
Carolina, Chapel Hill, B.A. degree, 1948; University of 
North Carolina Law School, Chapel Hill, LL.B. degree, 
1950. Lawyer Member Alamance County Bar Association; 
North Carolina Bar Association; North Carolina State Bar 
Assn.; American Bar Assn.; past president Graham Kiwanis Club; member and 
Secretary of E. M. Holt School Advisory Council 1964-68 and Chapter Chairman of 
Alamance County Chapter of the American Red Cross, 1965-1968. Member Citizens 
Advisory Council to the Center for Alcoholic Studies at U.N.C., member of the 
Board of Directors of the N.C.R.R., 1969-73. Member Phi Alpha Delta Legal Fra- 
ternity; 32nd degree Mason; President of U.N.C. Young Democratic Club, 1949; 
President of Alamance County Young Democratic Club, 1951; Treasurer of North 
Carolina Young Democratic Club, 1953 and Precinct Chairman and member of 
Alamance County Democratic Executive Committee, 1964-1968. Served in U. S. 
Navy, 1943-1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 1969-1971 and 1973; 
Member Graham Presbyterian Church; Board of Deacons and Session; Board of 
Trustees; Chairman of Building Committee, 1964 building project; represented 
local Church at Presbytery meetings; Commissioner to General Assembly, Presby- 
terian Church in the United States 1968, and member of Orange Presbytery Com- 
mittee on Church Extension. Married Lula C. Chapman, June 20, 1953. Children: 
Susan Fairchild Harris, 17, Charles Brevard Harris, 15, and Frank Chapman 
Harris, 12. Address: 1628 Hanford Rd., Graham. 



LEO JOSEPH HEER 

(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Twenty-third House District — County: Guilford. Seven Representatives.) 



Leo Joseph Heer, representing the Twenty-third Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Louisville, Kentucky De- 
cember 18, 1902. Son of John and Elizabeth (Scraub) Heer. 



" , N C ^t £= W Attended Louisville Kentucky dupone MTHS - 1917-21 ; Uni- 
versity of Kentucky 1921-22. L T niversity of Louisville, L.L.B. 
J -»«»■ "-~~~J Degree, 1925. Public Relations Consultant. Former General 
A ^j^^ji fe^fe Manager of Southern Furniture Exposition Building. High 
^ Point Man of the Year, \\>f,S; Doctor of Laws, High Point 
College, May, 1969; Furniture South Award of Merit, Jan- 
uary, 1972; James T. Ryan Award (Southern Furniture Manufacturers Associa- 
tion) November, 1973. Knights of Columbus. District Governor 709 Rotary Inter- 
national, 1965; Chairman (1967) Member High Point Library Board, awarded 
Certificate of Appreciation for Services to High Point, 1966; President Home Eco- 
nomics Foundation UNC-G, 1966-67; President Chamber of Commerce, 1969; 
High Point Memorial Hospital Board. Numerous Trade Magazine articles as edi- 
tor of National Furniture Review, 1938-1941. Roman Catholic. Parish Advisory 
Council; Advisory Council to Bishop, Diocese of Married Frances Heer, 



Legislative Branch 



385 



November 17, 1926. Children: Daniel Lee, 33; Rosemary Frances, 32; Michael 
John, 31; and Kathleen Mary Frances, 28. Address: 718 West Farriss Ave., 
High Point. 



HAROLD PARKS HELMS 

(Democrat — Mecklenburg County) 
(Thirty-sixth House Dirstrict— County : Mecklenburg. Eight Representatives.) 

Harold Parks Helms, representing the Thirty-sixth 
Representative District, was born in Charlotte March 26, 
1939. Son of Wade H. Helms and Ida Parks Helms. At- 
tended Charlotte Technical High School, graduated 1954. 
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, graduated 1959, 
A.B. Degree. University of North Carolina Law School, 
Chapel Hill, L.L.B. Degree, 1961. Attorney. 26th Judicial 
District Bar Association; N. C. State Bar; N. C. Bar As- 
'•- * sociation; American Bar Association; American Judicature 

Society; Phi Delta Theta Legal Fraternity; N. C. Academy of Trial Lawyers. 
Chi Phi Social Fraternity. Elected Charlotte's Outstanding Young Man of the 
Year in 1970. Member Park Road Baptist Church, Charlotte. Deacon, 1969-1971, 
1973 to present. Married Eleanor Allen Helms March 26, 1959. Children: Deborah 
Parks Helms, age 14; Allen Grant Helms, age 11; William Gray Helms, age 8. 
Address: 4901 Hadrian Way, Charlotte. 




FOYLE ROBERT HIGHTOWER, JR. 

(Democrat — Anson County) 
(Twenty-sixth House District — Counties: Anson and Montgomery. One Rep- 
resentative.) 

Foyle Robert Hightower, Jr., representing the Twenty- 
sixth Representative District, was born in Wadesboro Jan- 
uary 21, 1941. Son of Foyle Robert, Sr. and Mildred (Brig- 
man) Hightower. Attended Wadesboro Public Schools; 
graduated Wadesboro High School, 1959; Elon College; 
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Vice President, 
Hightower Ice & Fuel Co., Inc. Member Kilwinning Lodge 
No. 64, Wadesboro, Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons; 
32nd degree Mason, Shriner; Woodman of the World; Jay- 
cees: Civitan, Director Wadesboro Club. Past Chairman Anson Blood Program; 
American Red Cross; member Merit Badge Committee, Boy Scouts of America 
and member Board of Review; past Area Chairman Cancer Drive. Master Coun- 
sellor Order of DeMolay, Wadesboro Chapter, 1959; Member, North Carolina 
House of Representatives, 1971, 1973. Served in United States Army Reserve, 
1963-1969; Corporal. Member First Presbyterian Church, Wadesboro; Sunday 
School Teacher; Secretary-Treasurer, Men of the Church, 1971; President, Men 
of the Church, 1973. Address: 715 East Wade Street, Wadesboro. 




386 



North Carolina Manual 



EDWARD SHELTON HOLMES 

(Democrat — Chatham County) 
(Seventeenth House District — Counties: Chatham and Orange. Two Repre- 
sentatives.) 

Edward Shelton Holmes, representing the Seventeenth 
Representative District, was born in Leaksville November 
20, 1929. Son of James Eugene Holmes and Bessie Estelle 
Shelton Holmes. Graduated Leaksville High School, 1947 
and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, A.B. 
degree, 1951. Graduated University of North Carolina Law 
School, Bachelor of Laws, 1958. Served in United States 
Army 1953-1955. Lawyer in firm of Barber, Holmes and 
Barber. President, Chatham W. Bar 1968-1970; President, 
15th Judicial District Bar 1972-1973; Pittsboro Lions Club; Chairman Governor's 
Committee on Low Income Housing 1965-1968; President of North Carolina 
Legal Aid Association, 1971 to present; Chatham County Library Board, 1963- 
1967; North Carolina Regional Library Board, 1965-1967. Member Pittsboro 
Presbyterian Church and Deacon since 1971 ; Member of the General Statutes 
Commission. Married Mary Hayes Barber June 7, 1958. Three children: Edward 
Shelton, Jr., Hayes Barber, Jr., and Agnes Ferebee. Address: Box 126, Pittsboro. 




GEORGE MILTON HOLMES 

(Republican — Yadkin County) 

(Thirty-fourth House District — Counties: Caldwell, Wilkes, and Yadkin. 
Three Representatives.) 

George Milton Holmes, representing the Thirty-fourth 
Representative District, was born in Mt. Airy, N. C. June 
20, 1929. Son of John William Holmes and Thelma Dobie 
Holmes. Attended Western High School, 1945-1948 (Wash- 
ington, D. C). Appalachian State University, 1950-54. 
Travelers Insurance Multiple Line School, 1959. Insurance 
and Real Estate. President, W. N. Ireland Insurance 
Agency, Inc. Vice-President, Yadkin Valley Realty, Inc. 
Yadkin Lodge No. 162, A.F. & A.M.; Oasis Temple. Former 
school teacher and coach; Player professional baseball six years; Lettered in 
football at Appalachian. Member Flat Rock Baptist Church. Deacon from 1956- 
1970; Trustee from 1970 to present; Sunday School Teacher from 1955-1968; 
Sunday School Superintendent from 1968-1972. Married Barbara Ireland Holmes, 
June 30, 1956. One Child: Jeffifer Leigh Holmes, 17. Address: Rt. 1, Box 14* 
Hamptonville. 




CHARLES B. C. HOLT 

(Democrat — Cumberland County) 
(Twentieth House District— County : Cumberland. Five Representatives.) 



Legislative Branch 



387 



Charles B. C. Holt, representing the Twentieth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Fayetteville, N. C. February 
16, 1933. Son of William DeRossett Holt and Hannah Pickett 
(Lilly) Holt. Attended Fayetteville High School, 1946. Fish- 
burne Military School, 1947-50. University of North Caro- 
lina, 1957, B.A. History. Army Security Agency School, 
1953. Jobber, Amoco Oil Co.; Chamber of Commerce; Fay- 
etteville Area Industrial Development Committee; First 
Vice President Chamber of Commerce, 1972-73. Delta Kappa 
Member Sierra Club; Conservation Council of N. C; State Wildlife; 
Wildlife; Corporal, U. S. Army, 1952-55. Fayetteville City Council, 
Mayor of Fayetteville, 1969-71. Member Episcopal Church. Vestry 
1968. Married Sarah (Edgerton) Holt, September 8, 1956. Children^ 
Charles C. Holt, 16; Sarah E. Holt, 14; Hannah L. Holt, 11. Address: Box 3157, 
Fayetteville. 




Epsilion. 
National 
1963-69; 
Member, 



JOHN JACKSON HUNT 

(Democrat — Cleveland County) 



(Fortieth House District- 
Representatives.) 



-Counties: Cleveland, Polk and Rutherford. Three 



John Jackson (Jack) Hunt, representing the Fortieth 

Representative District, was born in Lattimore, Cleveland 

County November 22, 1927. Son of Robert Lee and Alma 

(Harrill) Hunt. Graduated Lattimore High School 1939; 

Wake Forest College 1943; Emory University 1946, DDS. 

Dentist; Salvage business and owner of Roundup Stores. 

Member North Carolina Dental Society and Isothermal 

Dental Society, President 1958. Mason; Shriner; Alderman 

of Lattimore 1956-1966. Precinct Chairman and County 

Vice Chairman of Democratic Party. Military service 1946- 

1948 and 1950-1952, Major. Member First Baptist Church, Shelby. Married 

Ruby Crowder, 1946. Children: Judy, 25; Penny, 23; Libby, 22; Cindy, 20; and 

Sally, 18. Address: Lattimore. 




PATRICIA STANFORD HUNT 
(MRS. THOMAS M. HUNT, SR.) 

(Democrat — Orange County) 

(Seventeenth House District — Counties: Orange and Chatham. Two Repre- 
sentatives.) 



388 



North Carolina Manual 




Patricia Stanford Hunt, representing the Seventeenth 
Representative District, was born in Dunn June 9, 1928. 
Daughter of Lewis Knox Denning 1 (deceased) and Florence 
Hibbette Cooper Denning:. Attended Coral Gables Senior 
High School in Florida 1942-1946. Attended Sweet Briar 
College 1946-1948. Graduated University of North Caro- 
lina at Chapel Hill, A.B. degree, 1948-1950, University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill, M.A. degree, 1961-1963 and 
Postgraduate work 1963-1970. Professional Educator. 
Member Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Delta Pi, Valkyries, American Historical Associa- 
tion, North Carolina Personnel and Guidance Association, American Personnel 
and Guidance Association, North Carolina Association of Educators, National 
Association of Educators, North Carolina Association Classroom Teachers, and 
Chapel Hill Junior Service League. President, Chapel Hill Association of Edu- 
cators, 1971; President, Chapel Hill Classroom Teachers Association, 1969; Chair- 
man, Citizenship Committee, North Carolina Association of Educators, 1969; 
President, Chapel Hill Junior Service League, 1961. Co-author North Carolina 
History, Geography, and Government. Received Irene Lee Cup for Outstanding 
Woman Graduate of the University of North Carolina, 1950. Appointed to the 
North Carolina General Assembly to fill first husband's term, 1969 (Donald Mc- 
Iver Stanford). Recreation Commission, Town of Chapel Hill, 1971. Member 
University Presbyterian Church, Chapel Hill. Married Donald Mclver Stanford 
June 30, 1947 (died May 1970). Married Donald Thomas Montague Hunt, Sr. 
June 17, 1972. Four children: Donald Mclver, Jr., Randolph Lewis, Charles 
Ashley and James Cooper Stanford. Address: 1079 Burning Tree Drive, Chapel 
Hill. 



THOMAS BELL HUNTER 

(Democrat — Richmond County) 

(Twenty-seventh House District — County: Richmond. One Representative.) 

Thomas Bell Hunter, representing the Twenty-seventh 
Representative District, was born in Rockingham October 
20, 1916. Son of Dr. N. C. and Carrie (Jones) Hunter. At- 
tended Rockingham and Laurinburg City Schools; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina. Insurance business. Mayor of 
A Rockingham, May, 1957 to 1963. Shrine, Oasis Temple. 

^A^Hf^^^. Captain U. S. Army, 1942-1946. Representative in the Gen- 

eral Assembly of 1963,1967, 1971, and 1973. Methodist. Mar- 
ried Florence Ledbetter September 18, 1947. Childrem 

Thomas B., Jr., age 26, Henry L., age 24 and John W., age 23. Address: P. O. 

Box 475, Rockingham. 




WILDA HANCOCK HURST 
(MRS. BASIL B. HURST) 

(Democrat — Onslow County) 
(Fourth Representative District — Counties: Carteret and Onslow. Three 
Representatives.) 




Legislative Branch 389 

Wilda Hancock Hurst, representing the Fourth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Morehead City, N. C, Oc- 
tober 20, 1920. Daughter of Nathaniel Lane Hancock, and 
Lora Ward (Taylor) Hancock. Attended Swansboro Hi^h 
School, 1938. Also attended Strayers-Bryant-Straton of 
Maryland. School of Insurance, 1962. General Insurance 
& Real Estate Agency (owner and manager of same). Inde- 
pendent Insurance Association; Travel Council of N. C. ; 
Business Women's Association; Democratic Women's Or- 
ganization. Eastern Star, Women of the Moose, Investors Club of Onslow, Jack- 
sonville Country Club, Daughters of the American Revolution. Credited with be- 
ing instrumental in bringing the Uniflite Boat Co. to Onslow and obtaining the 
Governor's Award to the town of Swansboro Toured Europe with the Southern 
Travel Council in 1972, promoting tourism in North Carolina and the eleven 
Southern States. Travel Council (now serving). Member Oak Grove Methodist 
tary of N. C. Travel Council (now serving). Member Oak Grove Methodist 
Church. Married Basil B. Hurst October 27, 1940. Children: Basil Jackson, age 
33; Barbara Dameron, age 31; William Lane, age 16. Address: Rt. 1, Box 390, 
Willis Landing, Hubert. 

JOSEPH PATTERSON HUSKINS 

(Democrat — Iredell County) 
(Thirty-fifth House District — Counties: Alexander and Iredell. Two Repre- 
sentatives.) 

Joseph Patterson Huskins, representing the Thirty-fifth 
Representative District, was born in Burnsville June 23, 
■j 1908. Son of Joseph Erwin and Mary Etta (Peterson) Hus- 

f JJ kins. Attended Yancey Collegiate Institute, 1921-1923; 

Mars Hill Junior College, 1924-1926; University of North 
Carolina, 1928-1930, A.B. degree in Journalism. Newspaper 
Publisher. Member North Carolina Press Assn.; Associa- 
tion of Afternoon Dailies; International Platform Assn.; 
Statesville Chamber of Commerce, past President. Received 
Outstanding Citizenship Award, Statesville Chamber of Commerce, 1960; NCPA 
Editorial Award, 1966. Honorary life member, Red Cross Board of Directors, 
Statesville chapter. Member Statesville Lodge No. 27, A.F. & A.M.; Statesville 
Lodge 1823, B.P.O.E.; Post Exalted Ruler, Statesville Elke Lodge. Member Area 
Rent Control Board, 1947-1951; Statesville Zoning Board, 1961-1962; State Board 
of Higher Education since 1965-72; University of N. C. Board of Governors, 
1972-73. Mitchell College Board of Trustees, third term, former chairman; past 
President, two terms, Associated Dailies of North Carolina. Member State Vet- 
erinary School Feasibility Study Commission. Served in U. S. Navy, 1943-1946, 
Lt. (s.g.). Member United Methodist Church. Married Mildred Amburn Septem- 
ber 29, 1934. One daughter, Amburn. Address: Our Dell, Statesville. 

FRED S. HUTCHINS, JR. 

(Republican — Forsyth County) 
(Twenty-ninth House District— County : Forsyth. Five Representatives.) 





390 North Carolina Manual 

Fred S. Hutchins, Jr., representing- the Twenty-ninth 
Representative District, was born in Winston-Salem August 
31, 1932. Son of Fred S. Hutchins and Annie Laurie Wier 
Hutchins. Attended R. J. Reynolds High School; graduated 
Episcopal High School, Alexandria, Virginia, 1961; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1954, B.S. in Business Administra- 
fk tion; Wake Forest University School of Law, 1959, J.D., 

Wk  Cum laude. Attorney. Member American Bar Association, 

North Carolina State Bar, North Carolina Bar Association 
and Forsyth County Bar Association. Winston Lodge 167 AF and AM (Mason) ; 
Oasis Shrine. County Chairman, Mizell for Congress, 1968. Forsyth County Re- 
publican Party Chairman 1969-1971 ; Fifth Congressional District Chairman 1971- 
1972; State Republican Executive Committee, 1969-1972; State Republican Central 
Committee, 1971-1972; Delegate to County District and State Republican Conven- 
tions 1970 and 1972. N. C. House of Representatives 1973-74. U. S. Army, 1954- 
1956, Counter Intelligence Corps. Member Reynolds Presbyterian Church, Wins- 
ton-Salem; Deacon. Married Florence Jane Stone April 16, 1955. Two children: 
Laurie Louise, 18 and Fred S., Ill (Rick), 13. Address: 200 Sherwood Forest 
Road, Winston-Salem. 



HERBERT LEE HYDE 

(Democrat — Buncombe County) 

(Forty-third House District — Counties: Buncombe and Transylvania. Four 
Representatives. ) 

Herbert Lee Hyde, representing the Forty-third Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Swain County December 12, 
1925. Son of Ervin M. Hyde and Alice Medlin Hyde. Grad- 
uated Western Carolina University, B.A. Degree, 1951 ; 
New York University School of Law, J.D., 1954. Served in 
United States Navcy during World War II, 1944-1946, 
Petty Officer. Attorney at Law. Member Buncombe County 
Bar Association, North Carolina Bar Association, American 
Bar Association and Judicature Society, North Carolina 

Senator 1964-66; Secretary, Buncombe County Democratic Executive Committee 

1962-1972; Chairman, North Carolina State Blind Commission 1969-1971. Baptist. 

Married Kathryn Long December 25, 1949. Six Children. Address: 93 East View 

Circle, Asheville. 



VERNON GRANT JAMES 

( Democrat — Pasquotank County ) 

(First House District — Counties: Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Pas- 
quotank, Perquimans. Tyrrell and Washington. Two Representatives.) 




Legislative Branch 



391 




Vernon Grant James, representing the First Represen- 
tative District, was born in Pasquotank County July 11, 
1910. Son of John Calvin James and Fannie Coppersmith 
James. Graduated Weeksville High School, 1930; attend- 
ed North Carolina State University, 1930-31. Farmer and 
farm produce supply business. President and Manager of 
James Brothers, Inc. ; member North Carolina and National 
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Growers Associations. Secre- 
tary and Treasurer of State 4-H Club Council, 1930; dele- 
gate to International 4-H Club Camp in Springfield, Mass., 1930; charter member 
of State 4-H Honor Club, 1931; recipient of 4-H Alumni Recognition Award, 
1954. Member Board of Education for Weeksville High School 1943-44; member 
Board of Trustees of College of the Albemarle since 1960; member Board of 
Trustees for the Greater University of North Carolina, 1947-1955; member Board 
of Directors of Elizabeth City Chamber of Commerce, 1964; member of Pasquo- 
tank County-Elizabeth City Airport Commission, 1963. Appointed by U. S. 
Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman to the Potato Advisory Committee, 
1961-68; President of National Potato Council, 1965-66; member National Potato 
Steering Committee since 1966; recipient of the Commissioner of Agriculture's 
Award for the Promotion of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables, 1971. Appointed by 
Governor Terry Sanford to the North Carolina Turnpike Authority, 1963; "Tar- 
heel of the Week" in December, 1965. Member of the House of Representatives in 
th^ General Assembly of 1945, 1947 and 1973-74. Member Salem Baptist Church. 
Married Selma Willard Harris May 14, 1933. Two children: John Thomas and 
Vernon Grant, Jr. Address: Route 1, Box 170, Elizabeth City. 



ROBERTS HARRELL JERNIGAN, JR. 

(Democrat — Hertford County) 
(Fifth House District — Counties: Bertie, Gates, Hertford and Northampton. 
Two Representatives.) 

Roberts Harrell Jernigan, Jr., representing the Fifth 
Representative District, was born in Ahoskie November 24, 
1915. Son of Roberts Harrell and Jessie (Garrett) Jerni- 
gan. Attended Naval Academy Preparatory School, 1932- 
1933; Wake Forest College, 1933-1936; University of North 
Carolina, 1936-1937, A.B.; University of North Carolina 
Law School, 1937-1939. Farmer and President and Treasurer 
Ahoskie Meat and Provision Co., Inc., of Ahoskie. Member 
Sigma Nu Fraternity; President Ahoskie Rotary Club, 
1955; President, Hertford County Y. D. C, 1954; Chairman Hertford County 
Democratic Executive Committee, 1958. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, and 1973. President of Hertford County Savings 
& Loan Association; member of Advisory Board of the Salvation Army; member 
of Governor's Aviation Commission and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the 
the Roanoke-Chowan Technical Institute. Also a director of Wachovia Bank and 
Trust Company, Ahoskie Branch. Went to China in 1940 as an employee of 
Standard Vacuum Oil Company and was manager of Peking office at start of 
World War II; prisoner of Japansese for twenty-three months and returned to 




392 



North Carolina Manual 



United States on the exchange ship "MS Gripsholm." Served as Ensign in United 
States Navy, 1943-1946; participated in invasion of Southern France. Episco- 
palian. Married Linda Williams of Sanford May 14, 1949. Children: Roberts III, 
Elizabeth and Clawson. Address: 401 North Curtis Street, Ahoskie. 



JOSEPH EDWARD JOHNSON 

(Democrat — Wake County) 

(Fourteenth House District. Counties: Franklin and Johnston. Two Repre- 
sentatives.) 

Joseph Edward Johnson, representing the Fourteenth 
Representative District, was born in Raleigh, N. C. October 
17, 1941. Son of Ira Edward Johnson and Grace Ivey John- 
son. Attended Raleigh Public Schools 1946-1959. N. C. 
State University 1959-1961. Wake Forest University 1961- 
1963, B.B.A. Degree, 1964. School of Law— Wake Forest 
University, 1963-1966, J.D. Degree. Vice President & As- 
sistant Corporations Counsel for Cameron-Brown Company. 
Wake County, North Carolina, & American Bar Association. 
(Business) Fraternity. U. S. Army (Military Police Corps) 
Member Edenton Street United Methodist Church. Member 
Administrative Board, Assistant Superintendent, Sunday School, Sunday School 
Teacher. Married Jane Francum Johnson, January 31, 1964. Children: Jane 
Elizabeth Johnson, age 10; Kathryn Ivey Johnson, 5; Susan Briles Johnson, 
3. Address: 4301 Yadkin Drive, Raleigh. 




Alpha Kappa Psi 
1st Lt. 1967-1969. 



JOY JOSEPH JOHNSON 

(Democrat — Robeson County) 

(Twenty-first House District — Counties: Hoke, Robeson and Scotland. Three 
Representatives. ) 

Joy Joseph Johnson, representing the Twenty-first Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Laurel Hill, November 2, 
1922. Son of William Joseph and Edith (Buchanan) John- 
son. Attended Scotland Public Schools; graduated Laurin- 
burg Institute, Laurinburg, 1941; Shaw University, Raleigh, 
A.B. degree, 1945. Minister. Pastor, First Baptist Church, 
Fairmont. Member Shaw University Theological Alumni 
Assn.; Lumber River Baptist Assn.; General Baptist Con- 
vention of N. C; National Progressive Convention of U.S.A. 
Awarded Doctor of Divinity degree, Friendship College, Rock Hill, S. C, 1965. 
Grand Chaplain of United Order of Salem, 1966-1970. Town Commissioner, City 
of Fairmont, 1966-1970; Vice Chairman, Robeson County Democratic Executive 
Committee and Vice Chairman 7th Congressional District, 1968. President Lum- 
ber River Housing Development, Inc., Lumberton. Organized People's Investment 
Company, Fairmont; Chairman, Fairmont Good Neighbor Council. Mason; mem- 
ber Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, United Order of Salem; Independent Order of 
St. Luke. Member Missionary Baptist Church; Chairman, Executive Committee, 
General Baptist State Convention, 1966-1968; President Southern Region of Na- 
tional Progressive Convention of U.S.A., 1968; President, General Baptist State 





Legislative Branch 393 

convention of N. C, 1974-. Received Honorary LL.D. degree from Shaw Univer- 
sity, 1972. Married Omega Foster December 22, 1945. One daughter, Deborah 
Charita. Address: 121 N. Main Street, (P. 0. Box 455), Fairmont. 



ROBERT ALDEN JONES 

(Democrat — Rutherford County) 

(Fortieth House District — Counties: Cleveland, Polk and Rutherford. Three 
Representatives. ) 

Robert Alden Jones, representing the Fortieth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Forest City June 8, 1931. 
Son of Basil Thomas Jones, Jr. and Rosagray (Chesson) 
Jones. Attended Forest City Elementary and High School, 
1937-1948; Brevard Junior College, summer of 1948 where 
received high school diploma, August 1948; Wake Forest 
College, B.A. degree, 1959; Wake Forest Law School, 1958- 
1960, Cum Laude Graduate with LL.B. degree. Lawyer 
with firm of Jones and Jones, Forest City. P.A.D. Law 
Fraternity; member Rutherford County Bar President, 1967-1969; 29th Judicial 
District Bar, President, 1967; member N. C. State Bar and N. C. Bar Assn. Re- 
search Assistant for Justice Carlisle Higgins, N. C. Supreme Court, 1960-1961. 
President, Forest City PTA, 1965-1967; President, Forest City Jaycees, 1964- 
1965; District Vice President, N. C. Jaycees, 1966-1967; received Distinguished 
Service Award from Forest City Jaycees (and a lifetime membership) in 1966; 
served as District Commissioner and Advancement Chairman for Boy Scouts, 
1962-1965, County Chairman for Gardner- Webb College Fund Drive; Member 
Gardner-Webb Board of Advisors; Director, Rutherford County Mental Health 
Advisory Board, President 1967-1968; Parliamentarian and Legal Counsel for 
N. C. Congress of Parents and Teachers, 1968-1970; Director, Rutherford County 
Civil Defense since 1968; former Director and Vice President of Forest City 
Chamber of Commerce; Director and former Vice President of Rutherford County 
Vocational Rehabilitation and Guidance Board; member, Rutherford County 
Planning Board; charter director of Performing Arts Guild. Representative in 
the General Assembly of 1969, 1971, and 1973-74. Member Board of Directors, 
Biblical Recorder, 1969-73 ; Board of Trustees, Florence Crittenton Services, 1968- 
72. Enlisted USAF, 1950-1953, Staff Sgt.; O.C.S. 1953, First Lt., 1956; presently 
Lt. Col. USAFR. Baptist, Sunday School Teacher 1961-1971; Junior Deacon and 
Usher, 1961 to 1971 Married Nancy Hardwick April 3, 1954. Children: Pamela, 
19; Robert A., Jr., 12; John Hardwick, 7. Address: 122 Woodland Avenue, Forest 
City. 



JOHN M. JORDAN 

(Democrat — Alamance County) 
(Twenty-second House District — Counties: Alamance and Rockingham. Four 
Representatives.) 



394 



North Carolina Manual 




^p^ John M. Jordan, representing the Twenty-second Rep- 

resentative District, was born in Durham, N. C. February 
16, 1936. Son of B. Everett Jordan and Katherine (Mc- 
Lean) Jordan. Attended Saxapahaw Elementary School, 
and Walter Williams High School. Duke University, B.S. 
Degree, 1958. Took additional courses at Technical Institute 
^A \^^* of Alamance, N. C. State University and Clemson Univer- 

^ flfefc^ sity. Textiles and Agriculture. Member of Farm Bureau; 

Founder and President — N. C. Chianina Association and 
Mid-East Regional Director; Founder and President — Va.-Carolinas Charolais 
Association; N. C. Cattlemen's Association. Vice-President, Secretary and Direc- 
tor of four textiles mills. President and Treasurer of Alamance YDC. Exchange 
Club of Saxapahaw, Masons, Shrine, and Moose. Boy Scouts of America; Eagle 
Scout with 3 palms, Silver Beaver, Founder and Explorer Advisor of Post 65 — 10 
years, Cherokee Council Commissioner — 3 years, Cherokee Council Executive 
Board — 10 years, and Order of the Arrow Member. Board Member of Alamance 
County Planning Board; Board Member of Burlington-Alamance Chamber of 
Commerce; Director of Med-State Lung Association. Air Force (ROTC) — 2 years, 
4-F. Saxaphaw United Methodist Church. Senior High Sunday School teacher — 
10 years, Church School Superintendent — 3 years, Lay Speaker — 6 years, Chair- 
man of Finance Board — 6 years, Official Board — 15 years; President of Metho- 
dist Men — 3 times. Married Margaret C. Jordan November 25, 1930. Children: 
Mac, 13; Louise, 10; Carter, 8; and May, 6. Address: Saxapahaw. 



WILLIS HENRY LACHOT, JR. 

Democrat — Burke County) 

(Thirty-ninth House District — Counties: Avery, Burke, and Mitchell. Two 
Representatives.) 

Willis Henry Lachot, Jr., representing the Thirty-ninth 
Representative District, was born in Hickory, N. C. January 
14, 1933. Son of Willis Henry Lachot, Sr. and Lula (Chap- 
man) Lachot. Attended Rutherford College Elementary 
1939-1947; Valdese High School 1947-1951. Graduated 
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, B.S. Degree, 
June 1, 1955. Insurance Agent. Independent Insurance 
Agents of North Carolina. Member First Baptist Church, 
Morganton, N. C. Deacon 1973 & 1974. Married Rowena 

Gee Lachot December 19, 1954. Children: Wesley Dean, 18; Don, 15; Lynn, 13; 

Perry, 12; and Ann, 10. Address: 9 Woodside Place, Morganton. 




WILLIAM CRAIG LAWING 

(Democrat— Mecklenburg County) 
(Thirty-sixth House District— County: Mecklenburg. Eight Representatives.) 




Legislative Branch 395 

William Craig Lawing, representing the Thirty-sixth 
Representative District, was born in Mecklenburg County, 
July 6, 1925. Son of Samuel Oliver and Essie 0. (Dunn) 
Lawing. Attended Mecklenburg County Public Schools; 
Oakdale Elementary, 1931-1937; Paw Creek, 1937-1942; 
University of Chattanooga as Aviation Cadet, United States 
Army Air Force, 1943-1944; Repperts School of Auctioneer- 
ing, 1958. President of Lawing, Inc., dealing in real estate, 
insurance and auction business. Member Charlotte Board 
of Realtors; North Carolina Association of Realtors; National Association of Real 
Estate Boards; Auctioneers Association of North Carolina, President, 1962-1965; 
National Auctioneers Association, on Board of Directors, three-year term, 1969- 
1972. Member Paw Creek American Legion Post No. 353, Commander, 1948-1951; 
Voiture 1400 Forty and Eight, Voiture Correspondent, 1952-1953; Grand Chimi- 
not Forty and Eight, 1954-1955. Member Excelsior Lodge No. 261, A.F. & A.M.; 
Carolina Consistory Scottish Rite; Oasis Temple of the Shrine. Chairman, Legis- 
lative Committee of Paw Creek American Legion Post, 1961-1971 Commander, 
Mecklenburg County Council of American Legion Post, 1968-1969. Member of 
the General Assembly, 1971. Received "Go-Getter" designation and star for past 
23 years in American Legion. Member Board of Mecklenburg County Commis- 
sioners, 1952-1956, 1958-1964, Vice Chairman, 1954-1956, 1962-19C4. Chosen one 
of 10 Outstanding Men of the Year by Charlotte Jaycees, 1959, 1960. Awarded 
City of Charlotte Citizenship Award, 1964, and Certificate of Appreciation by 
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, 1964. Served on Mecklenburg County 
Welfare Board, 1961-1964. Served in United States Army Air Force as Aviation 
Cadet and Gunnery Instructor, 1943-1946. Member United Methodist Church; 
Official Board, 1960-1968, Chairman, 1966-1968; Chairman, Membership and Evan- 
gelism Committee, 1968-1970; Teacher Glenn Lackey Adult Sunday School Class 
since 1958; taught Men's Bible Class, Pleasant Grove United Methodist Church. 
1956-1958. Served in the 1971 and 1973 Session of the North Carolina General 
Assembly as a member of the House of Representatives. Married Jane Gaffney 
December 31, 1943. Two daughters, Diane Lawing Loudermilk and Sally Ann 
Lawing. Address: RFD No. 9, Box 195-G, Charlotte. 



LARRY ELMER LEONARD 

(Democrat — Davidson County) 
(Thirtieth House District — Counties: Davidson and Davie. Three Represen- 
tatives.) 

Larry Elmer Leonard, representing the Thirtieth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Thomasville, N. C, Novem- 
ber 22, 1941. Son of Elmer Elwood Leonard, and May Nell 
(Gallimore) Leonard. Attended Thomasville Senior High 
School— 1956-1960. Western Carolina University, B.S. De- 
gree, 1964. Addititional work: High Point College — Fall 
Semester 1968, UNC-Greensboro— Spring Semester, 1969. 
Wake Forest University School of Law, J.D. Degree, 1972. 
Attorney. American Bar Association, N. C. State Bar, N. C. 




396 North Carolina Manual 

Bar Association, Davidson County Bar Association, Thomasville Area Chamber 
of Commerce. Phi Alpha Delta, Legal Fraternity (Law School): Tau Kappa 
Epsilon Social Fraternity (undergrad). Thomasville Jaycees — Present. Member 
Heidelberg United Church of Christ. Vice President Church — Currently (1974) ; 
President Heidelberg Brotherhood, currently (1974) ; Secretary and Board Mem- 
ber of Heidelberg United Church of Christ Endowment Fund, Inc. (5 year term 
expires 1975) ; Deacon 1970-72; Deacon 1974-76; Past youth group advisor, Sun- 
day School Teacher 1970-74. Married Brenda Sue (Westmoreland) Leonard Oc- 
tober 1, 1967. Children: Caroline Sue Leonard, 2; and Marcus Larry Leonard, 
2 months. Address: 708 Diana Drive, Thomasville. 



DANIEL T. LILLEY 

(Democrat — Lenoir County) 

(Third House District — Counties: Craven, Jones, Lenoir and Pamlico. Three 
Representatives. ) 

Daniel T. Lilley, representing the Third Representative 
District, was born in Martin County, August 15, 1920. Son 
of Alfred Tom Lilley (deceased) and Ethel Grace (Gurkin) 
Lilley (deceased). Attended Farm Life High School; Spar- 
tan School of Aeronautics, Tulsa, Oklahoma; Airline Mainte- 
nance Course and School of Flight-Diplomas; Self Study — 
Chartered Life Underwriting Course (C.L.U.) 1967; Ameri- 
can College of Life Underwriters, Bryn Mawr, Pennsyl- 
vania. Salesman with The Penn Mutual Life Insurance 
Company. Member Lenoir County Life Underwriters Association ; The American 
Society of Chartered Life Underwriters; Kinston Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
past President, received D.S.A. Award; Kinston Chamber of Commerce, received 
the First Citizen of The Year Award, 1963; Kinston Rotary Club; 1973 National 
Sales Achievement Award from National Association of Life Underwriters; 1972 
National Quality Award — National Association of Life Underwriters; member 
Top Club, The Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company, 1970. Member Lenoir 
County Board of Commissioners, 1964-1968. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1969. Lt. Col. in N. C. Wing, Civil Air Patrol; U. S. Air Force Re- 
serve, Lt. Colonel, 6 years active duty World War II. Member Northwest Chris- 
tian Church, Kinston; Elder; serving as Minister, Silver Hill Christian Church, 
Grantsboro and Cove City Christian Church, Cove City since 19C4. Married Jean 
Hites of McPherson, Kansas, July 7, 1944. Children: Eileen, 26, and Dan, Jr., 
24. Address: 1805 Sedgefield Drive, Kinston. Mailing Address: P. O. Box 824, 
Kinston. 



JAMES EUGENE LONG 

(Democrat — Alamance County) 
(Twenty-second House District — Counties: Alamance and Rockingham. Four 
Representatives.) 





Legislative Branch 397 

James Eugene Long, representing the Twenty-second 
Representative District was born in Burlington March 19, 
1940. Son of George A. and Helen (Long) Long. Attended 
Walter M. Williams High School, Burlington, 1954-1958; 
N. C. State University, 1958-1962; University of North Car- 
olina, 1962-1963, A.B. in Political Science; University of 
North Carolina Law School, 1963-1966, J.D. degree. Lawyer. 
Partner in firm, Long, Ridge & Long. Member N. C. State 
Bar; Alamance County Bar Assn.; North Carolina Bar 
Assn.; Chairman, Alamance County Young Lawyers Section, 1972-1975; Bar 
Assn.; National Association of Railroad Trial Counsel; Burlington Jaycees; 
American Business Club; Burlington-Alamance County Chamber of Commerce. 
Member Tau Kappa Epsilon Fraternity, Vice-Chairman, Board of Trustees; 
Pershing Rifles Military Society; Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity, Vice Presi- 
dent, 1965-1966; Alamance County Young Democratic Club, Treasurer, 1967, 
President, 1968, Executive Committee, 1969, Second Vice President, 1970, Sixth 
District Secretary, 1971; Treasurer, North State Caucus, 1974-1975; Secretary 
and Director, North Carolina Special Olympics, Inc., 197 0-. Selected as one of 
Outstanding Young Men in America, 1972; Personalities of the South, 1972; 
Who's Who in American Politics, 1971 and 1972. Vice-Chairman of Motor Ve- 
hicles Committee, Legislative Research Commission, 1972. Chairman, Joint Legis- 
lative Committee to Study Taxation of Local Unit of Government, 1974; Chair- 
man, Legislative Committee to Study the Rights and Responsibilities of State 
Employees, 1974. Representative in the General Assembly of 1971 and 1973. 
Episcopalian; member Vestry, 1969-1971; Children: James Eugene Long, Jr., 
12, and Rebecca Ann Long, 10. Address: P. 0. Box 690, Burlington. 



JIMMY LEWIS LOVE 

(Democrat — Lee County) 

(Eighth House District— Counties : Harnett and Lee. Two Representatives.) 

Jimmy Lewis Love, representing the Eighteenth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Sanford December 21, 1934. 
Son of James Alonzo and Willie (Brannon) Love. Attended 
Sanford City Schools, 1941-1953; University of North Caro- 
lina, 1956-1960, A.B. and LL.B. degrees. Lawyer. Member 
N. C. Bar Assn.; N. C. State Bar Assn.; American Bar 
Assn. President, Lee County Young Democrat Club, 1958; 
Solicitor, Lee County Criminal Court, 1961-1966; Assistant 
Superior Court Solicitor, 1961-1966. Member Masons; Ro- 
tary. Major, U. S. Air Force (JAG) Reserves since 1957. Representative in the 
General Assembly of 1967, 1969 and 1971. Member First Baptist Church, Deacon 
and Teacher. Married Etta Brown Howard November 9, 1957. Children: Joni 
Brown, 15; Tim, 13; Melody, 10, and Mark, 1. Address: Rt. 5, Box 593, Sanford. 

WILLIAM HANNON McMILLAN 

(Democrat — Iredell County) 





398 North Carolina Manual 

(Thirty-fifth House District — Counties: Alexander and Iredell. Two Repre- 
sentatives.) 

William Hannon McMillan, representing the Thrity-fifth 
Representative District, was born in Gaffney, S. C. Novem- 
ber 12, 1938. Son of William Hazel McMillan and Ethel 
Jane Stacy McMillan. Attended Harding High School, 1952- 
1956, Charlotte, N. C. ; Charlotte College, 1956-1957. UNC- 
Chapel Hill, 1957-1960, B.S. Degree. University of North 
Carolina Law School, Chapel Hill, J.D. Degree, 1968. At- 
torney. American, N. C. and Iredell County Bar Associa- 
tion. Home Builders Association of Statesville-Mooresville. 
Delta Phi Fraternity, and Delta Sigma Pi Fraternity. U. S. Air Force, 1st 
Lieutenant, 1961-1965. Member First Baptist Church, Statesville, N. C. Sunday 
School Teacher, 1970-present. Married Martha Eleanor Bynum April 17, 1965. 
One Child: Stacy Eleanor, 4. Address: P. O. Box 1776, Statesville. 



RONALD EARL MASON 

(Democrat — Carteret County) 

(Fourth House District — Counties: Carteret and Onslow. Three Represen- 
tatives.) 

Ronald Earl Mason, representing the Fourth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Atlantic August 3, 1929. Son 
of Earl and Geraldine (Robinson) Mason. Attended Atlantic 
Elementary School, Beaufort High School, Sullivan's Prep 
School, Washington, D. C, Oak Ridge Military Institute, 
North Carolina State University. Real Estate Broker, Ma- 
j/'t ^|^L son Realty Company. Shriner and 32nd Mason, member of 

£ IPj^^i Franklin Lodge No. 109 AF and AM. Eastern Star No. 128, 

a Past Patron, Past President of the Beaufort Jaycees, and 
winner of their Distinguished Service Award, Young Man of the Year, Past 
President of the Beaufort Chamber of Commerce, Charter President of the Car- 
teret Toastmasters Club, and Charter President of the Carteret Young Demo- 
crats Club. Served as Town Clerk, Treasurer, and Tax Collector, Town of Beau- 
fort, 1959-1962, served as Auditor, Tax Supervisor, and Treasurer of Carteret 
County, 1962-1966, and served in 1971 and 1973 North Carolina House of Repre- 
sentatives. Served in the U. S. Air Force, 1949-1951, Sgt. ; member First Baptist 
Church, Beaufort, former Sunday School Teacher. Married Joyce Lewis of Davis 
June 2, 1949. One son, Ronald Earl, Jr. (deceased) ; three daughters, Olivia, 
Cynthia, and Angelia. Address: Home, 315 Ann Street, Beaufort and Business, 
Mason Realty, P. 0. Box 296, Beaufort. 

CAROLYN MATHIS 

(MRS. RAY MATHIS) 

(Republican — Mecklenburg County) 

(Thirty-Sixth House District — County: Mecklenburg. Eight Representatives.) 




Legislative Branch 



399 



Carolyn Mathis was born in Sampson County in 1942 
to Mr. and Mrs. Horace Williamson. Graduated Clinton 
High School, 1959; UNC-G, 1963, BS in Home Economics; 
UNC-CH, 1970, M.Ed, in Special Education. Educational 
Disabilities teacher. Appointed by Governor to Council on 
Educational Services for Exceptional Children, 1974. 
Member Children 100, Council for Exceptional Children, 
Mecklenburg Association for Retarded Children, Charlotte 
Classroom Teachers Association. Married to Ray Mathis. 

One daughter: Bentley. Family is members of Myers Park United Methodist 

Church and reside at 8045 Regent Park Lane, Charlotte. 





ERNEST BRYAN MESSER 

(Democrat — Haywood County) 

(Forty-fourth House District — Counties: Haywood, Jackson, Madison and 
Swain. Two Representatives.) 

Ernest Bryan Messer, representing the Forty-fourth 
Representative District, was born in Waynesville Decem- 
ber 21, 1913. Son of Forest W. and Effie (Furr) Messer. 
Attended James Chapel, 1920-1927; Lee Edwards High 
School, 1927-1931; Carson Newman College, B.A. degree, 
1935. Supervisor, Wood Procurement Department, Cham- 
pion International, Inc., Canton. Teacher and basketball 
coach, Haywood County Schools, 1935-1939. Member Can- 
ton Lions Club ; Canton Toastmasters Club ; American 
Legion; Veterans of Foreign Wars; Board of Directors and President Haywood 
County Mental Health Association; Board of Directors of Champion Y.M.C.A. 
and Champion Credit Union. Chairman Haywood County Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1958-1962; Haywood County Planning Board; Haywood County His- 
torical Association; Chairman Canton Chapter Red Cross Bloodmobile; Chair- 
man Inplant United Fund Drive; Trustee Haywood Technical Institute; Conser- 
vation and Development Study Commission; Water and Air Resources Study 
Commission; Governor's Advisory Council Comprehensive Health Planning; 
Member State Mental Health Services; Member Legislative Research Commission; 
Board of Directors State of Franklin Health Council; 1974 Layman's Award for 
Distinguished Service to Education given by Phi Delta Kappa of Western Caro- 
lina University. Served in U. S. Navy as Lieutenant, World War II, 1942-1945. 
Representative in General Assembly of 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, and 
1974. Baptist, Teacher, Adult Sunday School Class; former Training Union 
Director. Married Jincy Owen January 11, 1936. One daughter, Mrs. Clyde 
Poovey, Jr., Atlanta, Ga. Address: 15 Forest View Circle, Canton. 



HENRY M. MICHAUX, JR. 

(Democrat — Durham County) 
(Sixteenth House District — County: Durham. Three Representatives.) 



400 



North Carolina Manual 




Henry M. Michaux, Jr., representing the Sixteenth Rep- 
I'esentative District, was born in Durham September 4, 1930. 
Son of Henry M. Michaux and Isadore M. Coates Michaux. 
Graduated Palmer Memorial Institute, 1948; North Carolina 
Central University, 1952, B.S.; North Carolina Central Uni- 
versity Law School, 1964, J.D. Attorney; Real Estate 
Broker; Property Insurance Agent; Appraiser. Member 
National Association of Real Estate Brokers, North Caro- 
lina Bar Association, North Carolina State Bar, George H. 
White Bar Asso., National Bar Association and the American Judicature Society; 
Recipient of the Service and Political Award from the National Association of 
Real Estate Brokers for 1972. Member Omega Psi Phi Fraternity. Chief Assistant 
Solicitor for the 14th Solicitorial District; Prosecutor for the District Court of 
Durham. Served as chairman of the Turnkey III Committee of the Durham 
Housing Authority. Sergeant, United States Army Medical Corps, 1952-54. 
Member St. Joseph's AME Church, Durham; member of Junior Steward Board, 
Nursery School Board and treasurer of Sunday School. Married Joyce M. Wins- 
ton July 2, 1966. One daughter: Jocelyn M. Winston. Residence: 1722 Alfred 
Street, Durham. Mailing Address: P. 0. Box 2152, Durham. 



GEORGE W. MILLER, JR. 

Democrat — Durham County) 
(Sixteenth House District — County: Durham.) 

George W. Miller, Jr., representing the Sixteenth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Spencer, N. C. May 14, 
1930. Son of George W. and Blanche M. (Iddings) Miller. 
Attended Spencer Elementary and High School, 1936-1948; 
University of North Carolina, Bachelor of Science and 
Business Administration; University of North Carolina Law 
School, 1954-1957, LL.B. degree. Lawyer, firm of Haywood, 
Denny & Miller. Member North Carolina Bar Assn.; Ameri- 
can Bar Assn.; Durham County Bar Assn.; International 
Association of Insurance Counsel. Member Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity; 
Member Sertoma Club; Member of the House of Representatives, 1971-1973. 
President, North Carolina Young Democratic Clubs, 1964-1965. Served in U. S. 
Marine Corps, Sergeant, 1951-1953. Member Duke Memorial Methodist Church, 
Durham; Chairman, Duke Memorial Week Day School Committee, 1968; Member 
Official Board. Member of the North Carolina Symphony Board of Trustees; 
Vice-President of Citizens Advisory Council for Center for Alcohol Studies, Di- 
vision of Health Sciences. Married Eula Hux June 21, 1958. Children 1 Elizabeth 
Ann, Blanche Rose and George, III. Address: 3862 Somerset Drive, Durham. 




GLENN ALEXANDER MORRIS 

(Democrat — McDowell County) 

(Forty-first House District — Counties: McDowell and Yancey, 
sentative.) 



One Rep re- 



Legislative Branch 



401 




Glenn Alexander Morris, representing the Forty-first 
Representative District, was born in Marion November 9, 
1908. Son of Thomas Morris and Mary Neal Morris. At- 
tended Riverside Military Academy, Gainesville, Georgia 
1928-1928. Attended Wake Forest College 1929-1931. Serv- 
ed in United States Army 1944. Member Kappa Alpha Order 
and President of Tau Chapter Kappa Alpha Order at Wake 
Forest 1930-1931. Retired General Manager, Clinchfield 
Manufacturing Company, Plants of Burlington Industries, 
Inc., Marion. Vice-Chairman, McDowell County Board of Commissioners 1953- 
1959. Board of Governors, Marion General Hospital 1951-19G8, Chairman of the 
Board 1954-1964; Marion's "Man of the Year" award for 1952; Director, Mc- 
Dowell County Dread Disease Society, 1955 to present; member Board of Direc- 
tors First Union National Bank of Marion, 1952 to present; Member Board of 
Directors Wachovia Bank & Trust Company, Asheville, N. C. 1956 to 1962; Mem- 
ber, Board of Directors University of North Carolina-Asheville Foundation, elect- 
ed 1972. Member First Presbyterian Church and Deacon, 1955 to present. Mar- 
ried Mary Augusta McGregor October 5, 1939. Two children: Glenn Alexander, 
Jr. and James McGregor. Address: 808 Fleming Avenue, Marion. 



ROBIE LEE NASH 

(Democrat — Rowan County) 
(Thirty-first House District — County: Rowan. Two Representatives.) 

Robie Lee Nash, representing the Thirty-first Repre- 
sentative District, was born in E. Spencer, N. C, October 
5, 1910. Son of Archie Lee Nash, and Mary Kenerly Nash. 
Attended East Spencer School, 1916-1924, and Salisbury 
High School, 1924-1927. Also, night classes for two semes- 
ters in Catawba College. Manager Real Estate Invest- 
ments. North Carolina Forestry Association; Salisbury- 
Rowan County Chamber of Commerce; Salisbury Lions 
Club, President 1945-1946. North Carolina House of Rep- 
sentatives— 1971-1973. Salisbury City Council, 1951-1953 and 1953-1955. Andrew 
Jackson Masonic Lodge No. 576. Member First United Methodist Church, Salis- 
bury, N. C. Co-Chairman Building Program, 1951-1954; Chairman, Official Board, 
1953-1954; Chairman, Trustees, 1969-1974; District Trustee, 1964-1974. Married 
Ethel (Arey) Nash August 24, 1936. Children: John Lee Nash, age 36; Samuel 
Arey Nash, 32; Lona Marie Nash Duggins, 26. Address: No. 232 Richmond Road, 
Salisbury. 




MARY CORDELL NESBITT 
(MRS. MARTIN L. NESBITT) 

(Democrat — Buncombe County) 
(Forty-third House District — Counties: Buncombe and Transylvania. Four 
Representatives.) 



402 



North Carolina Manual 



Mary Cordell Nesbitt, representing the Forty-third 
Representative District, was born in Asheville, N. C, De- 
cember 18,1911. Daughter of Joseph Clemans Cordell and 
Martha T. Jones Cordell. Attended Buncombe County Junior 
College 1928-30; Western Carolina College, 1934-35, B.S. 
Degree; Western Carolina College, 1958, Masters Degree. 
Retired Educational Consultant. Life Member North Caro- 
lina Education Association and National Education Associ- 
ation. Western Carolina University Alumni Award for 
Distinguished Service to Education. Asheville Business and Professional Wo- 
mens Club; Kappa Kappa lota National Teachers Sorority. Member Oakley 
United Methodist Church. Married Martin L. Nesbitt (deceased) July 27, 1935. 
Children: Mary Ann Dotson, 32; Martin L. Nesbitt, Jr., 28. Address: 471 Fairview 
Road, Asheville. 




HENRY WARD OXENDINE 

(Democrat — Robeson County) 

(Twenty-first House District — Counties: Hoke, Robeson and Scotland. Three 
Representatives. ) 

Henry Ward Oxendine was born in Robeson County 
September 4, 1940. Son of Lockey Oxendine and Nancy 
Locklear Oxendine. Graduated Pembroke High School ; 
Pembroke State University, 1964, B.S. in Social Studies; 
North Carolina Central University, 1973, J.D. Member 
American Bar Assn., N. C. Bar Assn., Robeson County Bar 
Assn. Member Pembroke Jaycees; secretary, 1966-67; Ex- 
ternal Vice-President, 1970-71 ; Jaycee of the Year, 1969. 
Member Pembroke Kikanis, Distinguished Service Award, 
1968. Second Vice-chairman, Democratic Executive Committee. United States 
Air Force, September, 1957-August, 1960, A/2c. Member Union Chapel Metho- 
dist Church, Pembroke. Married Sandra Ransom, August 20, 1965. Two sons: 
Hampton Wayne Oxendine, 8, and Hughes Wendell Oxendine, 7. Address: P. O. 
Box 996, Pembroke. 




DAVID RUSSELL PARNELL 

(Democrat — Robeson County) 
(Twenty-first House District — Counties: Hoke, Robeson and Scotland. Three 
Representatives. ) 

David Russell Parnell, representing the Twenty-first 
Representative District, was born in Parkton, N. C, No- 
vember 16, 1925. Son of John Quincy Parnell, and Clelia 
(Britt) Parnell. Attended Parkton Public Schools, 1931- 
1941; Oak Ridge Military Institute, 1941-1944. Wake Forest 
University, B.S. Degree, 1949. Merchant and Farmer. N. C. 
Merchants Association, N. C. Oil Jobbers Association; N. C. 
State Highway Commissioner, 1969-1972. Member Robeson 
County Industrial Development Commission, 1963-1974; 




Legislative Branch 



403 



Mayor— Town of Parkton, 1964-1969. U. S. Army Corporal, 1945-1946. 
Member Parkton Baptist Church; Chairman — Board of Deacons — 1974-1975; 
1972-1973; 1968-1969; Church Treasurer, 1950-1972; Sunday School Teacher, 
1950-present. Married Barbara Johnson Parnell, June 11, 1948. Children: David 
R., Jr., 22; Anne J. Parnell, 19; and Timothy Scott Parnell, 9. Address: P. O. 
Box 190, Parkton. 



CHARLES WILEY PHILLIPS 

(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Twenty-third House District— County: Guilford. Seven Representatives.) 

Charles Wiley Phillips, representing the Twenty-third 
Representative District, was born in Randolph County, June 
25, 1897. Son of Jesse Lee and Fannie (Waddell) Phillips. 
Attended Trinity High School, 1911-1914; Jamestown High 
School, 1915-1916; University of North Carolina, Chapel 
Hill, 1916-1921, A.B. degree; Columbia University, sum- 
mers of 1923, 1924, 1926 and 1927, M.A. degree; UNC 
(Greensboro), 1967; A&T State University, 1973, and 
Campbell College, 1974, L.L.D. Life Member N. C. Educa- 
tional Association; President State Education Association, 1945-1946; President 
State Congress of P.T.A., 1943-1945. Member Rotary International, District Gov- 
ernor, 1932-1933 and 1963-1964; Rotary Club of Greensboro, President, 1929- 
1930, Secretary, 1941-1972. Teacher and Principal in Greensboro Public Schools, 
12 years. Director Public Relations, Woman's College, U. N. C, 27 years; retired, 
1962. Director of Experiment in Television Teaching in the State, 1957-1961; 
Director, Downtown Campus, Guilford College, 1965-1966. Corporal, U. S. Army, 
World War I. Representative in General Assembly of 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973 
and 1975. Methodist; Church School Teacher; District Lay Leader. Married Lela 
Wade, 1924. Children 1 Wade, Carolyn, Charles, Jr., and Barbara Ann. Eleven 
grandchildren. Address: 210 Tremont Drive, Greensboro. 




AARON WESLEY PLYLER 

(Democrat — Union County) 

(Thirty-third House District — Counties: Cabarrus and Union, 
resentatives.) 



Three Rep- 



Aaron Wesley Plyler, representing the Thirty-third 
Representative District, was born in Monroe, N. C. October 
1, 1926. Son of Isom F. Plyler, Sr., and Ida Foard Plyler. 
Attended Benton Heights School, Monroe, N. C, 1933-1943; 
Florida Military Academy, 1943-1944. President of Plyler 
Grading & Paving, Inc.; President of Hill Top Enterprises, 
Inc., Secretary and Treasurer of White Point, Inc., N. 
Myrtle Beach, S. C. ; Vice President of Childhood Discovery 
Products, Inc., Member of the Associated General Con- 
tractors; Past President of the Patrons Club of Wingate College, Past President 
of the Monroe-Union County Chamber of Commerce, Inc., Monroe, N. C; Monroe 




404 



North Carolina Manual 



Rotary Club. Union County "Man of the Year" 1971 — Monroe-Union County 
Chamber of Commerce, Inc. City of Monroe — Planning; Board; various other ap- 
pointments by the City Council and County Commissioners; served on the Ad- 
visory Board of Vocational and Technical Education in North Carolina. Member 
Benton Heights Presbyterian Church, Monroe, N. C. Deacon; Member of the 
Building Committee; Chairman of the Board of Deacons. Married Dorothy Moser 
Plyler May 22, 1948. Children: Barbara Plyler Faulk, age 25; Nancy Diane, age 
Plyler May 22, 1948. Children: Barbara Plyler Faulk, 25; Nancy Diane, 23; 
Aaron W., Jr., 21; Alan, 17; Alton, 14. Address: Route 7, Box 62, Monroe. 



RALPH MENZIE PRESTWOOD 



(Democrat- 

( Thirty-fourth House District- 
Three Representatives.) 



-Caldwell County) 
-Counties: Caldwell, Wilkes, 



and Yadkin. 




- 



Ralph Menzie Prestwood, representing the Thirty- 
fourth Representative District, was born in Hickory, N. C, 
May 5, 1919. Son of Walter Sidney and Mary Hood Prest- 
wood. Attended Lenoir High School. Also a two year Busi- 
ness course under GI Bill, 1948-1950. Operates Men's Cloth- 
ing Shop. Staff Sergeant— U. S. Army September 10, 1940- 
October 8, 1945. Private Pilot. Member Baptist Church. 
Married Edith (Coffey) Prestwood, January 26, 1950. Chil- 
dren: Sharon Deloris, 24; and Ralph Michael, 22. Address: 
206 Friendly Pai'k Road, Lenoir. 



:;n 



JESSE THOMAS PUGH, JR. 

(Democrat — Randolph County) 
(Twenty-fourth House District — County: Randolph. Two Representatives.) 

Jesse Thomas Pugh, Jr., representing the Twenty-fourth 
Representative District, was born in Asheboro, December 
16, 1921. Son of Jesse Thomas Pugh, and Mary (Fox) Pugh. 
Navy — Chief Pharmacist Mate, September 28, 1942-Decem- 
ber 5, 1945. Chairman, Redevelopment Commission, City of 
Asheboro. Member Central United Methodist. Member Ad- 
ministrative Board; Sunday School Teacher; Chairman 
Commission on Education (1955). Married Sarah (Tyson) 
Pugh May 8, 1942. Children 1 Elizabeth (Mrs. Fred I. Jones), 
Jesse Thomas Pugh, III, 27; Glenn McLaurin Pugh, 24; James Edgar Pugh, 




21. Address: P. O. Box 846, Asheboro. 



DWIGHT WILSON QUINN 

(Democrat — Cabarrus County) 
(Thirty-third House District — Counties: Cabarrus and Union. Three Repre- 
sentatives.) 



Legislative Branch 



405 




Dwight Wilson Quinn, representing the Thirty-third 
Representative District, was born in York, South Caro- 
lina, September 12, 1917. Son of Lucy (Wilson) Quinn and 
the late William Lytle Quinn. Served as a member of the 
Governor's Commission on Reorganization of State Govern- 
ment, 1961-1962; member Executive Committee Governor's 
Committee on Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crime; 
member of the committee appointed by the Attorney Gen- 
eral on Criminal Code Revision ; member of the Governor's 
Study Committee on Architectural Barriers for the Benefit of the Handicapped; 
member of the Board of Directors of the Southern Region Education Board. 
Voted Kannapolis Man of the Year, 1948, by the Jaycees. Received Amvets Na- 
tional Distinguished Service Award for outstanding community service, 1953. 
Member Board of Directors Cannon Memorial Y.M.C.A., member of the Board of 
Directors of the Cabarrus County Boys Club; Board of National Cerebral Palsy 
Association; Board of Directors and past President Cabarrus County Chapter, 
North Carolina Heart Association. Served in United States Army, 1944-1945. 
Member American Legion, Post 115, served as Vice Commander of the American 
Legion; 40 and 8; Rotarian; member Cannon Memorial Lodge, No. C26, A.F. & 
A.M.; Scottish Rite Bodies; Shriner, Oasis Temple. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly regular sessions of 1951, 1953, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1965, 
1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1974 and 1975 and special sessions, 1956, 1963, 1965, 1966 
and 1971. Lutheran, member Kimball Memorial Lutheran Church; has served as 
a member of Church Council. Delegate to the National Democratic Convention 
1960 in Los Angeles, California and Chicago, Illinois, 1968; former Chairman of 
the Board of Trustees and the Executive Committee of Appalachian State Uni- 
versity. Married Marian Elizabeth Isenhour February 23, 193G. One daughter, 
Mrs. Lester U. Dodge. Address: 213 South Main Street, Kannapolis. 



LISTON BRYAN RAMSEY 



(Democrat — Madison County) 
(Forty-fourth House District — Counties: Haywood, Jackson, Madison and 
Swain. Two Representatives.) 

Liston Bryan Ramsey, representing the Forty-fourth 
Representative District, was born at Marshall, February 
26, 1919. Son of John Morgan and Delia Lee (Bryan) Ram- 
sey. Attended Mars Hill College, 1938. Merchant. Elk; 
Mason; American Legion, former Commander; Veterans of 
Foreign Wars. County Chairman Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1958-1960, 1962; served as a delegate to the 1968 
National Convention. Board of Aldermen, Town of Mar- 
shall, 1949-1961. Served in Army Air Corps as Sergeant, 
1944-1946. Representative in the General Assembly of 1961, 1963, 1967, 1969, 1971 
and 1973-74; Chairman, Finance Committee, 1973-74; member, Advisory Budget 
Commission, 1973-74. Baptist. Married Florence McDevitt. One daughter, Martha 
Louise. Address: Marshall. 





406 North Carolina Manual 

HECTOR E. RAY 

(Democrat — Cumberland County) 

(Twentieth House District — County: Cumberland. Five Representatives.) 

Hector E. Ray, representing the Twentieth Representa- 
tive District, was born in Fayetteville, N. C. October 20, 
1919. Son of Bond Sedberry Ray, and Ester Hazel Brad- 
ford Ray. Attended Massey Hill High School, Fayetteville, 
N. C, 1939. Government Electrical Trade School— Ft. Bragg, 
N. C, 1942-43. Owner- — Electrical Contracting Firm. Cum- 
berland County Board of County Commissioners, 1964-1972; 
Chairman — 3 years, 1969-1972. Fayetteville Optimist Club 
— 1972, for outstanding contributions in civic and govern- 
mental affairs; Fayetteville Jaycees — December 22, 1972, in grateful apprecia- 
tion of his splendid contributions while serving as chairman of the Cumberland 
County Board of Commissioners; Honorary member — Fayetteville-Cumberland 
County Youth Council; Certificate of Appreciation — May 19, 1971, Fayetteville 
Cumberland County Youth Council in recognition of outstanding service to the 
youth of Fayetteville and Cumberland County; Certificate of Appreciation — 1972- 
73, for outstanding and dedicated service to Cumberland County Association — 
Classroom Learning Disability; Cumberland County Distinguished Service Award 
— 1973, for outstanding service to the citizens of Cumberland County as a mem- 
ber and chairman of the Board of County Commissioners; North Carolina Re- 
habilitation Association, citation of Merit Award for exceptional contributions on 
behalf of handicapped citizens of North Carolina; City of Fayetteville — December 
1972, Resolution of Appreciation; United States Department of Agriculture — 
November, 1968, Certificate of Appreciation — for outstanding service in assisting 
agricultural agencies in Cumberland County. Member — The Masons, The Shrin- 
ers, The Knights of Pythias. Member — Agricultural Extension Service Advisory 
Board; Member — Cumberland County Auditorium Executive Committee; Past 
member— Board of Directors, N. C. Electrical Contractors Association. Appointed 
by Governor Terry Sanford to N. C. Board of Electrical Examiners, February 6, 
1961 — 1 year; April 15, 1962 — 4 years. Member First Baptist Church. President — 
Sunday School Class 1964; Deacon, 1968 to present; Vice President — Brotherhood, 
1972; Administrative Committee, 1971-74 Chairman, 1974. Married Dorothy 
(Dot) Ray March 7, 1941. Children: Louise Bond, 31; Brenda Joyce, 27; and 
Mary Elizabeth (Beth), 23. Address: 306 Dunbar Drive, Fayetteville. 



JAMES GUY REVELLE, SR. 



(Democrat — Northampton County) 



(Fifth House District — Counties: Bertie, Gates, Hertford and Northampton. 
Two Representatives.) 



Legislative Branch 



407 



James Guy Revelle, Sr., representing the Fifth Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Conway July 14, 1908. Son 
of James Kelly Revelle and Annie Elizabeth Watson Revelle. 
Graduated Woodland-Olney High School; attended Wake 
Forest University. Retired businessman and farmer. 
Member Grand Lodge of A.F. and A.M. of North Carolina 
and Potecasi Lodge No. 418. Recipient of Twenty-five year 
Membership Pin, Masonic Lodge. Northampton County Com- 
missioner 1953-72, Chairman, 1963-72. Member Local 
School Board, 1944-53. Member State Democratic Executive Committee, 1953-55. 
Representative in the General Assembly of 1973-74. Trustee of Roanoke-Chowan 
Hospital. Member Ashley's Grove Baptist Church ; Sunday School Superintendent 
ten years; deacon thirty-four years, Chairman of Board of Deacons four years. 
Married Pearla Futrell December 20, 1931. Two children: James Guy, Jr. and 
Pearla Revelle Lowe. Address: RFD, Conway. 




SAMUEL THOMAS RHODES 




(Republican — New Hanover County) 
(Twelfth House District — County: New Hanover. Two Representatives.) 

Samuel Thomas Rhodes, representing the Twelfth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Wilmington October 12, 
1944. Son of Samuel Thomas Rhodes and Dorothy William- 
son Rhodes. Graduated New Hanover High School, 1962; 
University of North Carolina, 1966, B.A.; Auburn Univer- 
sity, 1969, M.S. Work toward Ph.D. done at North Carolina 
State University. Instructor of Marine Science, Cape Fear 
Technical Institute. Member Biological Society of America, 
American Museum of National History, American Institute 
of Biological Sciences, International Oceanographic Foundation, National His- 
torical Society. Has had two scientific papers published. Member National Rifle 
Association. Member Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons of North Carolina (St. 
John's Lodge No. 1 — Senior Deacon on First Degree Team, 1972) ; Scottish Rite 
of Free Masonry Southern Jurisdiction of the United States; Ancient Arabic 
Order of Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (Sudan Temple) ; Arab Shrine Club, mem- 
ber Board of Directors, 1970-72; Sudan Drum and Bugle Corps, Wilmington 
Order of Demolay, advisor and member of Board of Directors and Founding 
Father, 1972. Order of the Eastern Star. Member of Wilmington Jaycees; Mem- 
ber of North Carolina Marine Science Council; Member Board of Directors, New 
Hanover County Marine Science Consortium ; Member Board of Directors, North 
Carolina Ocean Sciences Institute; First Vice President of Lower Cape Fear 
Council for the Arts; Presented Jaycees Distinguished Service Award for 19 73; 
Nominee North Carolina State Jaycee Man of the Year Award, 1973; Represen- 
tative in the General Assembly of 1973-1974; Member of Greater Wilmington 
Chamber of Commerce; Member Historic Wilmington Foundation. Member Winter 
Park Baptist Church, Wilmington. Address: P. 0. Box 3251, Wilmington. 



408 



North Carolina Manual 



BOBBY WAYNE ROGERS 

(Democrat — Vance County) 

(Thirteenth House District — Counties: Caswell, Granville, Person, Vance 
and Warren Counties. Three Representatives.) 

Bobby Wayne Rogers, representing the Thirteenth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Vance County June 19, 
1934. Son of Hartwell B. and Rena N. (Gentry) Rogers. 
Attended Henderson High School, Henderson, 1948-1952; 
Civil Engineering, N. C. State College, Raleigh, 1959; 
George Washington University, Washington, D. C, LL.B. 
degree, 1963. Lawyer. Member North Carolina State Bar; 
North Carolina Bar Assn.; North Carolina Academy of 
Trial Lawyers; Delta Theta Phi Law Fraternity; Benevolent 
Protective Order of the Elks; Loyal Order of the Moose. Prosecutor Vance County 
Recorder's Court, 1964-1968; Chairman Vance County Democratic Executive 
Committee, 1967-1968. Served in U. S. Navy, 1952-1955. Member St. John's 
Episcopal Church, Henderson. Married Nancy Bell Rogers April 28, 1960. Chil- 
dren: Samuel J.; Rena E.; Michael F. and Matthew H. W. Address: 661 Lake- 
view Drive, Henderson. 





HERBERT HORTON ROUNTREE 

(Democrat — Pitt County) 
(Eighth House District — Counties: Greene and Pitt. Two Representatives.) 

Herbert Horton Rountree, representing the Eighth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Farmville May 5, 1921. 
Son of Charles Stanley and Madeline V. (Horton) Rountree. 
Attended Farmville High School, 1934-1938; Darlington 
Prep School, 1938-1939; University of North Carolina, A.B. 
degree, 1943; University of North Carolina Law School, 
LL.B. degree, 1950. Lawyer. Member North Carolina State 
Bar; Pitt County Bar Assn.; Fifth Judicial Bar Assn.; 
Delta Theta Phi Legal Fraternity; N. C. Academy of Trial 
Lawyers. Member Governor's Industrial Financing Study Group, 1961-1962; 
North Carolina Judicial Council, 1961-1962; Loan Committee, State Employees' 
Credit Union, 1958-1962. Master Farmville Masonic Lodge No. 517, 1955. Mem- 
ber New Bern Consistory No. 3, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Free- 
masonry; Sudan Temple A. A. O.N. M.S. of New Bern, N. C. ; Pitt County Scottish 
Rite and Shrine Clubs; Burnette-Rouse Post No. 9081, Veterans of Foreign Wars 
Commander, Farmville American Legion Post No. 151, 1954; Governor, Green- 
ville Lodge No. 885, Loyal Order of Moose, 1965; Exalted Ruler, Greenville Lodge 
No. 1645, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 1966; President, Farmville 
Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1952; Jaycee, Distinguished Service Award, 1953. 
Commissioner, Town of Farmville, 1955-1957; Solicitor Pitt County Recorder's 
Court, 1951-1953; Assistant Attorney General of North Carolina, 1959-1962. 
Served in U. S. Naval Reserve, Lt. (J.G.), 1943-1946, Pacific Theatre. Repre- 
sentative in the General Assembly of 1967, 1969, 1971 and 1973-74. Member State 



Legislative Branch 409 

Courts Commission; Governor's Advisory Committee on Law and Order; Legis- 
lative Research Commission Subcommittee to study Shortage of Rural Doctors 
and General Health Affairs; Governor's Task Force Committee on Apprehension 
and Suppression. Member, Legislative Services Commission, 1971-1972, 1973-1974- 
1975; Chairman, House Committee on Congressional Redisricting, 1971; Chair- 
man, House Committee on Appropriations, Base Budget, 1973 ; Member, Commis- 
sion on Sentencing, Criminal Punishment and Rehabilitation, 1974; Member, 
Health Manpower Study Commission, 1973; Trustee, East Carolina University; 
Kiwanian; and Recipient of the Greenville Outstanding Citizen Award, 1972. 
Salvation Army Advisory Board; Executive Committee on Coastal Plains Mental 
Health Association. Episcopalian. Member of Vestry, Farmville Emmanuel 
Church, 1952-1956; St. Christopher's Church, Garner, 19G0-1962; St. Paul's 
Greenville, 1963-1965; Sunday School Teacher and Lay Reader. Married Helen 
Elizabeth Lotz, 1946. Three daughters: Kathryn Rountree Cameron; Mary Helen 
Rountree; Dorene Horton Rountree; one son, Charles S. Rountree, III. Address: 
1209 Drexel Lane, Greenville. 



HUGH C. SANDLIN 

(Democrat — Onslow County) 
(Fourth House District — Counties: Carteret and Onslow. Three Represen- 
tatives.) 

Hugh C. Sandlin, representing the Fourth Representa- 
tive District, was born in Jacksonville, N. C. February 26, 
1914. Son of Henry Sandlin (deceased), and Lyde (Mills) 
Sandlin (deceased). Attended Dixon High School, Jackson- 
ville, N. C. 1920-1931. 1942— Ministry of Agriculture, Lon- 
don, England; 1943 — University of Paris, France. 1968 — 
~4JL v rAwiii Metal School — Petersburg, Virginia. Farming, Mobile 

Home Park, and Retail Furniture. Director EMC; Cape 
Fear Lung Association; New River Lions Club; United 
Fund Board; Red Cross; Farm Bureau and Retired Federal Employee. Technical 
Sergeant — Army, 1942-December, 1945 ; Member Verona Methodist Church ; Treas- 
urer, Secretary, Teacher, Superintendent, Building Committee, Lay Speaker, 
Trustee. Married Juanita Sandlin, January 7, 1948. Children: Hugh, Jr., 25; 
and John M., 22. Address: Rte. 3, Box 333, Jacksonville. 




THOMAS B. SAWYER 



(Democrat — Guilford County) 



(Twenty-third House District — County: Guilford County. Seven Represen- 
tatives.) 



410 



North Carolina Manual 




f Thomas B. Sawyer, representing the Twenty-third Rep- 

resentative District, was born in Tapoco April 9, 1918. Son 
H of Pleas M. Sawyer (member 1917 General Assembly as 

v**^*!J Representative) and Edna O'Neal Garland Sawyer. Grad- 

uated Duke University, A.B. Degree, 1938; Emory Univer- 
sity, Doctor of Law, 1947. Attended Duke University Di- 
vinity School 1948. Served in United States Army as Second 
Lieutenant, First Lieutenant and Captain August 1941 to 
January 1946; Captain, November 1950 to August 1951; at 
present, Lt. Col. United States Army Reserves, retired. Attorney at Law. Hon- 
orary Life member of Greensboro Chamber of Commerce, June 5, 1963. Life mem- 
ber of Greensboro Moose Lodge No. 685. North Carolina State Senate, 14th Sen- 
atorial District, 1951. State Commander, American Veterans of World War II, 
1949; State Commander, Disabled American Veterans, 1959. Member of Our 
Lady of Grace Catholic Church. Married Dorothy Marie Siler August 25, 1939. 
Seven children: Pleas M. Sawyer, Joseph B. Sawyer, Thomas B. Sawyer, Jr., 
Floy Sawyer Blanton (married), Wendell H. Sawyer, Sharon Marie Sawyer and 
Gregory W. Sawyer. Address: 411 S. Elam Avenue, Greensboro. 



BENJAMIN DAVID SCHWARTZ 

(Democrat — New Hanover County) 
(Twelfth House District— County : New Hanover. Two Representatives.) 

Benjamin David Schwartz, representing the Twelfth 
Representative District, was born in Wilmington January 
17, 1909. Son of Louis Schwartz and Anne Rulhick Schwartz. 
Attended New Hanover High School 1921-1925. Graduated 
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, B.S. Degree, 
1929. Investments. Member Chamber of Commerce, Wil- 
mington Merchants Association; President, Wilmington 
Merchants Association, 1961-1963; Received trophy for out- 
standing service Wilmington Merchants Association, 1963; 
President-Elect Chamber of Commerce, 1971; Tau Epsilon Phi; Elks; B'nai 
Brith; elected Wilmington City Council 1969; served as Mayor-Protem and Mayor 
of City of Wilmington. Member original Board of Trustees of Wilmington Col- 
lege and served eleven years. Charter member University of North Carolina at 
Wilmington Foundation. Received award for outstanding Community Service 
from North Carolina Human Relations Commission, 1972. Member North Caro- 
lina Citizens Committee on the Schools, 1971. Member B'nai Israel Synagogue, 
member Board of Directors and Vice President. Married Sylvia Wolk June 3, 
1931. Two children: one son, Dr. M. J. Schwartz of Newton, Massachusetts and 
one daughter, Dr. Maxine Seller of Buffalo, N. Y. Address: 205 Forest Hills 
Drive, Wilmington. 




FRANCES ELLEN SETZER 

(Democrat — Catawba County) 
(Thirty-seventh House District — County: Catawba. Two Representatives.) 



Legislative Branch 



411 




Frances Ellen Setzer, representing the Thirty-seventh 
Representative District, was born in Catawba County, N. C, 
November 27, 1922. Daughter of Macon L. Setzer, and 
Maude (Boggs) Setzer. Attended Bowling Green College 
of Commerce, Bowling Green, Ky., A.B. Degree, May 1942; 
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, M.A. Degree- 
Public Health, 1957. Former Work Experience: Textiles, 
Banking, Public Health, N. C. PTA Field Secretary. Mem- 
ber First United Methodist Church. Address: P. O. Box 
265, 860 South Main Avenue, Newton. 



WILLIAM MARCUS SHORT 

(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Twenty-third House District — County: Guilford. Seven Representatives.) 

William Marcus Short, representing the Twenty-third 
Representative District, was born in Pleasant Garden, N. C. 
August 4, 1930. Son of George Asa Short, Sr., and Blanche 
Futrell Short. Attended Sumner School (1936-1948). Uni- 
versity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1948-1950, 1954- 
1955) B.S. Degree, Business Administration. University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Law School, J.D. Degree 
(1955-1958). Lawyer. All local, State Bar Associations and 
the American Bar Association. House of Representatives 
1972). Elks, Moose, Oddfellows, and YMCA. U. S. Air Force, Staff Ser- 
(1950-1953). Member Rehobeth Methodist Church. Board of Stewards 
1962). Married Dorothy Ruth Mangum February 16, 1952. One Child: 
Elizabeth Short, 18. Address: Suite 319 Southeastern Building, Greensboro. 




(1964 
geant 
(1960 

Nancy 



ADDISON NEAL SMITH 

(Democrat — Rowan County) 
(Thirty-first House District — County: Rowan. Two Representatives.) 

Addison Neal Smith, representing the Thirty-first 
Representative District, was born in Bailey, N. C. Decem- 
ber 20, 1934. Son of Robert Lee Smith and Grace Goodnight 
Smith. Attended Woodleaf High School, Woodleaf, N. C, 
June 1953; Pfeiffer College, June 1961; University of Mis- 
sissippi, 1961-1963, Graduate Study; University of North 
Carolina at Greensboro, Masters Degree — in education with 
major in Speech Pathology and Audiology, June 1965. Edu- 
cator. Recognized as Outstanding Alumnus (Speech and 
Audiology) UNC-G. Drafted bill for N. C. Legislature 1969 that enabled the first 
services for hearing impaired children in the public schools in the preschool years. 
(Employed by The State Department of Public Instruction 1965-19/2). Formerly 
the Acting Director, Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf, Washing- 
ton, D. C. Literary Productions— "Speech Therapy for the Mentally Retarded", 




412 



North Carolina Manual 



N. C. Education, February 1968, "Guide for Speech and Hearing", N. C. Dept. of 
Public Instruction, 1967, "Programs for Hearing Impaired", Volta Bureau, Alex- 
ander Graham Bell Association, Washington, D. C., 1973. U. S. Army (Engi- 
neers), Specialist 4, 1958-1960. Member United Methodist Church. Director of 
Music, 1963-65, Church Lay Leader, 1975; Member of Administrative Board, 1975. 
Married Elizabeth Withers Smith August 29, 1965. Children: Mary Beth Smith, 
8; Addison Neal Smith, 7; Todd Robert Smith, 6; and Anna Elizabeth Smith, 6 
months. Address: Route 1, Hart Road, Woodleaf. 



NED RAEFORD SMITH 

(Democrat — Forsyth County) 
(Twenty-ninth House District — County: Forsyth. Five Representatives.) 

Ned Raeford Smith, representing the Twenty-ninth 
Representative District, was born in Granite Falls, N. C, 
January 16, 1911. Son of Lloyd Poole Smith, and Dora 
(Bradley) Smith. Attended R. J. Reynolds High School, 
Winston-Salem, N. C, 1929; Duke University, 1929-1931; 
Salem College, 1932-1933; Duke University, A.B. Degree, 
1935. University of North Carolina, M.A. Degree, Educa- 
tional Administration, 1942-1943. Retired (1973) Associate 
Superintendent of Winston-Salem Forsyth County School 
Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. Member Ardmore United Methodist 
Member of Administrative Board. Chairman of Council of Ministry on 
Education. Married Marguerite Britt Smith June 5, 1936. Children: Ned Britt 
Smith, age 32; and Edith Carol Smith Strittmatter, age 28. Grandchildren: 
Barbara Lynn Smith, 6; Suzanne Britt Smith, 5; and Margaret Jeanne Stritt- 
matter, age 1. Address: 773 N. Stratford Rd., Winston-Salem. 




System. 
Church. 



<*wte^ 



«J 




WADE MARVIN SMITH 

(Democrat — Wake County) 

Wade Smith, representing the Fifteenth Representative 
 HI District, was born in Albemarle, October 9, 1937. Son of 

Charles B. Smith and Ruth Carpenter Smith. Graduated 
Albemarle High School 1956. Graduated University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill, A.B. Degree, 1960. Univer- 
sity of North Carolina School of Law, L.L.B., 1963. At- 
torney. Member American Bar Association; American Trial 
Lawyers Association, Wake County Bar Association ; Wake 
County Academy of Criminal Trial Lawyers; North Caro- 
lina Bar Association; American Trial Lawyers Advisory Committee to the 
Criminal Bar; North Carolina Criminal Code Commission; Board of Directors, 
Raleigh Chamber of Commerce; Director, Raleigh Developmental Evaluation 
Clinic; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity; President, Phi Delta Phi Legal Fra- 
ternity, 1962-63; Law Clerk to Justice Carlisle Higgins, 1963-64; Assistant So- 
licitor, Superior Court, Wake County, 1964-66. Member Pullen Memorial Baptist 
Church; member Board of Trustees, 1970 to present; Chairman, Board of Dea- 
cons, 1969. Married Ann Hassinger, 1960. Two daughters, Karen, 11, and Robin, 
9. Address: 213 Wilson Lane, Raleigh. 



Legislative Branch 



413 



ROBERT CHARLES SOLES, JR. 

(Democrat — Columbus County) 

(Nineteenth House District — Counties: Bladen, Columbus and Sampson. 
Three Representatives.) 

Robert Charles Soles, Jr., representing the Nineteenth 
Representative District, was born in Tabor City December 
17, 1934. Son of Robert C. and Myrtle (Norris) Soles. At- 
tended Tabor City High School; Wake Forest University, 
B.S., 1956 and University of N. C. School of Law, J.D., 1959. 
Lawyer. Member American Bar Association; N. C. Bar As- 
sociation; American Trial Lawyers Association and N. C. 
Association of County Attorneys. Article concerning Do- 
mestic Relations published in N. C. Law Review. Former 
Member University of North Carolina Board of Trustees. Member of Phi Alpha 
Delta Law Fraternity; Rotary Club, past President. Representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1969, 1971 and 1973. Served in U. S. Army, 1957-67, (Reserve), 
Captain. Member Tabor City Baptist Church. Address: Box 275, Tabor City. 




LeROY PAGE SPOON, JR. 

(Republican — Mecklenburg County) 
(Thirty-sixth House District — County: Mecklenburg. Eight Representatives.) 

Leroy Page Spoon, Jr. (Roy), representing the Thirty- 
sixth Representative District, was born in Athens, Georgia, 
October 19, 1924. Son of LeRoy Page Spoon Sr. and Kath- 
ryn Warren Spoon. Attended Central High School in Char- 
lotte and North Charleston High School in Charleston, 
South Carolina. Attended Clemson College, Boston Uni- 
versity, George Washington University and the University 
of Georgia. Served in the United States Army 1942-1946 
as an Infantryman in the European Theatre and as an En- 
gineer in the Korean Theatre from 1950-1952. Served as a member of the North 
Carolina National Guard 1953-1963 as a member of the 105th Engineer Battalion, 
30th Infantry Division. President of L. P. Spoon, Inc., an Electrical Manu- 
facturer's Agency. Member, Sardis Presbyterian Church in Charlotte, Elder 
1957-1961, 1963-1966, 1968-1972 and 1974-. Member, North Carolina Crime Study 
Commission, Presbyterian Family Life Council Board of Directors, Charlotte 
Oratorio Board of Directors, Mecklenburg Drug Alcohol Board, Barium Springs 
Home for Children Board of Regeants, Chairman Landowne School Committee, 
Chairman North Carolina Drug Abuse Advisory Council. Married Ruth Eliza- 
beth Atwell, September 11, 1948. Three children: Carolyn Christina, LeRoy Page, 
III, and Charles Wilfred. 




JOHN SHORTER STEVENS 

(Democrat — Buncombe County) 



414 



North Carolina Manual 



(Forty-third House District- 
Representatives. ) 



-Counties: Buncombe and Transylvania. Four 



John Shorter Stevens, representing the Forty-third 
Representative District, was born in Asheville May 30, 1933. 
Son of John Henry and Viola Wyatt (Shorter) Stevens. 
Graduate of Christ School, Arden, 1952; University of 
North Carolina, Chapel Hill, A.B. Economics, 1956; Univer- 
sity of North Carolina Law School, LL.D., 1961. Lawyer. 
Member Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Delta Phi and Chi Phi. Cor- 
poral, U. S. Army, 1957-1958. Representative in the General 
Assembly of 1969, 1971 and 1973-1974. Member Grace Cov- 
enant Presbyterian Church, Asheville. Married Imogene (Cissie) Radeker August 
21, 1965. Three sons, John Brent Stevens, 7, Wyatt Shorter Stevens, 5 and Scott 
Radeker Stevens, 2. Address: 8 Pine Tree Road, Asheville. 





CARL JEROME STEWART, JR. 

(Democrat — Gaston County) 

(Thirty-eighth House District — Counties: Gaston and Lincoln. Four Repre- 
sentatives.) 

Carl Jerome Stewart, Jr., representing the Thirty- 
eighth Representative District, was born in Gastonia Oc- 
I  tober 2, 1936. Son of Carl Jerome and Hazel (Holland) 

\&* * Stewart. Attended Ashley High School, Gastonia, 1950-1954; 

Duke University, A.B. degree, 1958; elected to Phi Beta 
Kappa; Duke University Law School, LL.B. degree, 1958- 
1961. Lawyer, and Professor, Gaston College, teaching 
Business Law. Member American Bar Assn. ; American 
Trial Lawyers Assn.; N. C. Bar Assn.; N. C. State Bar. At 
Ashley High School, was selected President Sophomore, Junior and Senior classes, 
also Firestone Scholar. At Duke University, was Regional Scholar; President, 
Student Body, and Assistant to the Dean; won Southern Regional National Moot 
Court Competition and was national finalist in New York ; was also Atlantic Coast 
Conference Debating Champion; President, Duke Alumni Assn.; member, Board 
of Advisers of Gardner-Webb College; Chairman, Duke University Alumni Ad- 
missions Committee for Gaston County. Member Newcomen Society; Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks; Gaston Country Club. Director and past President, 
Gaston Skills, Inc., an organization to aid in rehabilitation of physically and 
mentally handicapped adults. Executive Vice-President, Royal Villa, Inc. Mem- 
ber Board of Directors, Gaston Children's Center, and has been their legal ad- 
visor; member, Board of Directors, Gaston County Chapter for American Cancer 
Society; past Director, Gastonia Junior Chamber of Commerce; 1965 winner, 
Distinguished Service Award as Gastonia's Outstanding Young Man of the Year; 
Omega Psi Phi Citizen of the Year for 1974; Community Service Chairman, North 
Carolina District, Optimist International. Past Boys Work Chairman; past Pres- 
ident, Gastonia Optimist Club; General Chairman, 1966 Greater Gastonia United 
Fund, and Vice Chairman for last two years; also President, United Appeal. 
Winner. DeMolay Legion of Honor (1968). Scottish Rite Mason; Shriner; Mem- 




Legislative Branch 415 

ber Southern Region Education Board. Representative in the General Assembly 
of 1967, 1969, 1971 and 1973. Member, Bradley Memorial Methodist Church, Gas- 
tonia; Trustee, Greensboro College, Greensboro, N. C. ; Teacher, Jr. High Bible 
Class. Married Kathryn Wesson May 28, 1964. Children: Kathryn Elizabeth, 
Julie Anne and Carl J. Stewart, III. Address: 1855 Westbrook Circle, Gastonia. 

MRS. LURA SELF TALLEY 

(Democrat — Cumberland County) 
(Twentieth House District — County: Cumberland. Five Representatives.) 

Mrs. Lura Self Talley, representing the Twentieth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Statesville December 9, 
1921. Daughter of R. O. Self and Sara Sherrill Cowles 
Self. Attended Raleigh Public Schools and graduated Need- 
ham-Broughton High School, 1938. Attended Peace Col- 
lege. Graduated Duke University, A.B. Degree, 1942; North 
Carolina State University Graduate School of Education, 
M.A. Degree, 1970. Teacher and Guidance Counselor, Fay- 
etteville City Schools. Member Kappa Delta Sorority; NEA; 
North Carolina Association of Educators; North Carolina Personnel and Guid- 
ance Association; American Association of University Women; Business and Pro- 
fessional Woman's Club; North Carolina Federation of Women's Clubs and Fay- 
etteville Woman's Club. Past President, North Carolina Society for Preservation 
of Antiquities; former President, Fayetteville Woman's Club; President, Cumber- 
land County Historical Society; President, Cumberland County Mental Health 
Association; Coordinator of Volunteers, Cumberland County Mental Health 
Center; member Fayetteville Recreation Commission; Teacher, Adult Education, 
Fayetteville Technical Institute; member North Carolina Art Society, Board of 
Fayetteville Art Museum and Board of Fayetteville Little Theatre. Governor's 
Advocary Council on Children and Youth. Member Hay Street Methodist Church. 
Divorced. Two sons: Robert Taylor and John Cowles. Address: 3100 Tallywood 
Drive, Fayetteville. 

MARGARET ROSE TENNILLE 
(MRS. NORTON F. TENNILLE) 

(Democrat — Forsyth County) 
(Twenty-ninth House District — County: Forsyth. Five Representatives.) 

Margaret Rose Tennille, representing the Twenty-ninth 
Representative District, was born in Hopewell, Virginia 
March 25, 1917. Daughter of Robert Wilson Rose, and Byrd 
McClure Rose. Attended R. J. Reynolds High School, Wins- 
ton-Salem, N. C. (1929-1933). Salem College, Winston-Sa- 
lem, N. C. 2 years, 1934, 1935. Retired. Member, Board of 
Directors, Forsyth Bank & Trust Co. Administrative Assis- 
tant to Mayor of Winston-Salem, 1961. Member Centenary 
United Methodist Church. Two terms on Board of Stewards, 




416 North Carolina Manual 

1961-64, 1971-74. Married Norton F. Tennille April 22, 1939. Children: Norton F. 
Tennille, Jr., 34; Wilson R. Tennille, 31; Ben F. Tennille, 29. Address: 2307 
Greenwich Road, S.W. Winston-Salem. 




ARTHUR WEBSTER THOMAS, JR. 

(Democrat — Cabarrus County) 

(Thirty-third House District — Counties: Cabarrus and Union. Three Repre- 
sentatives.) 

Arthur Webster Thomas, Jr., representing the Thirty- 
third Representative District, was born in Asheville October 
28, 1924. Son of Arthur Webster Thomas, Sr. and Nancy 
Davis Thomas. Graduated Concord High School 1942. Grad- 
uated University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, B.S. 
Degree, 1947. Served in U. S. Navy, 1942-1946. Automobile 
Dealer. Member North Carolina Automobile Dealers As- 
sociation, North Carolina Merchants Association, Concord 
Chamber of Commerce and Merchants Association, North 
Carolina Farm Bureau, American Horse Show Association, American Saddle 
Horse Breeders Association, Concord Rotary Club, American Legion Post 51, Vet- 
erans of Foreign Wars Post 6480, Stokes Lodge No. 32, AF & AM, Oasis Temple 
Shrine, and Cabarrus Shrine Club. Past President of each of the following: Con- 
cord Chamber of Commerce and Merchants Association, Concord Jaycees, Con- 
cord Rotary Club, Concord United Community Chest, Cabarrus County Boy's Club, 
Cabarrus County Automobile Dealers Assn. and District 11 North Carolina School 
Boards Assn. Current Advisory Board Chairman of the Salvation Army and Con- 
cord General Motors Community Relations Chairman. Three term member of 
Chevrolet Factory-Dealer Planning Committee, 1955, 1960, 1967. Vice Chairman 
and Chairman of Concord City School Board, 1958-1966. Director, North Carolina 
School Boards Association, 1966. Received Jaycee "Young Man of the Year" 
Award, 1954. Member Central United Methodist Church, current Chairman of 
Board of Trustees, past Superintendent of Sunday School. Current member of 
Chancel Choir and Church Building Committee and Finance Committee. Member 
of Moose Lodge No. 1722; Grand Orator of the Grand Lodge of N. C. A.F. & A.M.; 
Representative in the 1973 and 1974 Sessions of the General Assembly. Married 
Betty Marie Dorton April 3, 1948. Three children: Tina, Terre and Tom. Ad- 
dress: 160 Glendale Avenue, S.E., P.O. Box 487, Concord. 



BENJAMIN THOMPSON TISON, III 

(Democrat — Mecklenburg County) 
(Thirty-sixth House District — County: Mecklenburg. Eight Representatives.) 



Legislative Branch 



417 





Benjamin Thompson Tison, III, representing the Thirty- 
sixth Representative District, was born in Charlotte Novem- 
ber 4, 1930. Son of Benjamin Thompson Tison, Jr. (deceas- 
ed) and Bryte Washam Tison. Attended Charlotte Public 
Schools and graduated from Central High School, 1949. 
Graduated U.N.C. School of Business, B.S. Degree, 1953 
and U.N.C. School of Law, J.D., 1958. Member of North 
Carolina State Bar and North Carolina Industrial Develop- 
ment Association. Served as Lieutenant in USNR, 1953- 
1963. Attended Graduate School of Credit and Financial Management, Harvard 
University, 1971. Present profession, North Carolina National Bank. Presby- 
terian. Married Roma Wornall December 12, 1971. Two children: son, William 
Woodbridge Tison and daughter, Clay Wornall Tison. Address: 2119 Hopedale 
Avenue, Charlotte. 

DR. JOHN WESLEY VARNER 

(Democrat — Davidson County) 
(Thirtieth House District — Counties: Davidson and Davie. Three Repre- 
sentatives.) 

John Wesley Varner, representing the Thirtieth Rep- 
resentative District, was born in Randolph County, Sep- 
tember 30, 1906. Son of Reverand James Milton Varner, 
-« — *! »"» *£» and Dora Plummer Varner. Attended Rutherford College 

fci (Junior College), 1922-1926; Duke University, A.B. Degree, 

■K .Jl 1928. University of Tennessee Medical School, M.D. Degree, 

1932. Psychiatrist (Retired). Davidson County Medical So- 
11 "/M. ciety; American Psychiatric- Association; N. C. Medical So- 

ciety; American Medical Association; N. C. Neuro-psy- 
chiatric Association. Mason Phi Rho Sigma (Medical Fraternity). N. C. Na- 
tional Guard, Lieutenant-Colonel, 1954-1966. Member United Methodist Church. 
Administrative Board, 1969-1971. Married Billie Jordan Varner December 18, 
1934. Children: Dr. Roy Van Varner, age 38; John Wesley Varner, Jr., age 34; 
1934. Children: Dr. Roy Van Varner, 38; John Wesley Varner, Jr., 34; and 
Virginia Jordan Varner Clifford, 30. Address: 116 Ridgewood Drive, Lexington. 

ALLEN COLON WARD 

(Democrat — Brunswick County) 
(Eleventh House District— Counties : Brunswick and Pender. One Repre- 
sentative.) 

Allen Colon Ward, representing the Eleventh Repre- 
sentative District, was born in Chadbourn, N. C, July 19, 
1922. Son of Allen Ward, and Chellie Byrd Ward. Navy, 
Seaman 1st Class, 1941-1942. Married Freida Ward March 
24, 1956. Children: Robert Alan Ward, 13; and Chellie 
Jacqualine Ward, 9. Address: Star Route 1, Box 27, Shal- 
lotte. 





418 North Carolina Manual 

WILLIAM THOMAS WATKINS 

(Democrat — Granville County) 

(Thirteenth House District — Counties: Caswell, Granville, Person, Vance and 
Warren. Three Representatives.) 

William Thomas Watkins, representing the Thirteenth 
Representative District, was born in Granville County July 
1, 1921. Son of John Stradley and Belle (Norwood) Wat- 
kins. Attended Oak Hill High School, 1927-1939; Mars Hill 
Junior College, 1942; Wake Forest College, 1939-1941 and 
1946-1948; Wake Forest College, B.S., 1949; Wake Forest 
Law School, 1949-1952, LL.B. Lawyer. Member N. C. State 
Bar Association, Ninth District Bar and Granville County 
Bar. City Attorney for City of Creedmoor, 1955-1968. At- 
torney for Granville County. Member Pi Kappa Alpha; Phi Delta Phi, Magister, 
1952. U. S. Army Staff Sergeant, 1942-1946. Representative in the General As- 
sembly of 1969 and 1971. Member Oxford Baptist Church, Oxford; Sunday 
School Teacher, 1956-1960. Married Louie Marie Best, November 18, 1944. 
Children: Mrs. Martin L. (Alma Marie) Nesbitt, Jr. and Annabell Watkins. Ad- 
dress: 213 W. Thorndale Drive, Oxford. 



CHARLES EDWARD WEBB 

(Democrat — Guilford County) 
(Twenty-third House District- — County: Guilford. Seven Representatives.) 

Charles Edward Webb, representing the Twenty-third 
Representative District, was born in Charlotte December 
29, 1936. Son of Sherrid Elliott Webb and Belle Powers 
Webb. Attended Charlotte Central High School, 1952-1955. 
Attended Mars Hill Junior College, 1957 and graduated from 
Appalachian State University, B.S. degree, 1960. Graduated 
Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, B.D. Degree, 
1964. Owner Hickory Farms, Greensboro. Member Greens- 
boro Chamber of Commerce ; National Award for Excellence 
in Merchandizing for Hickory Farms Franchises, 1971 ; President, Friendly 
Shopping Center Merchants Association, 1972; former President Guilford County 
Young Democratic Club, 1969; member of Governor's Follow-up Committee on 
Environmental Health, 1971; former public school teacher in North Carolina. 
Member, Guilford County Humane Society Board of Directors 1971, 1972, 1973, 
1974, 1975. Member, Breakfast Optimist Club; member, YMCA Men's Club; 
United Community Services Planning Committee 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974. Member, 
General Assembly, House of Representatives 1973 Session. Member College Park 
Baptist Church. Married Dorothy Cox March 19, 1964. One daughter: Letisha. 
Address: 302 Kensington Road, Greensboro. 




WILLIAM STANFORD WHITE 

(Democrat — Dare County) 



Legislative Branch 



419 



(First House District — Counties: Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Pas- 
quotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell and Washington. Two Representatives.) 

W. Stanford White, representing the First Represen- 
tative District, was born in Windsor August 10, 1911. Son 
of William Meady White and Alice Elizabeth Snell White. 
Graduated Columbia High School, 1929. Owner White's 
Shopping Center and Motel. Given Governor's Award on 
Total Development by Governor Dan K. Moore. Member 
Masonic Lodge No. 521. Chairman Dare County Board of 
Commissioners 1962-72. Member North Carolina Marine 
Council 1970-. Member Mt. Carmel Methodist Church; Lay 

Speaker and Sunday School teacher. Married Grace Willard Mann May 31, 1936. 

Three sons: William Ray, Stanford Meady and Wade Erwin White. Address: 

P. O. Box 7, Manns Harbor. 




MYRTLE ELEANOR WISEMAN 
(MRS. SCOTT WISEMAN) 



(Democrat — Avery County) 

(Thirty-ninth House District — Counties: Avery, Burke and Mitchell. Two 
Representatives. ) 

Myrtle Eleanor Wiseman, representing the Thirty-ninth 
Representative District, was born in Boone, N. C, Decem- 
ber 24, 1913. Daughter of John Reed Cooper, and Sydney 
(Knupp) Cooper. Retired Entertainer. Member of the 
Country Music Association, Nashville, Tenn. Elected most 
popular female entertainer (Radio) in the United States in 
1936 and 1937. Radio Queen was the title. Co-writer of 
the following songs that have become standards in the coun- 
try field: "Have I Told You Lately That I Love You" and 
"Mountain Dew". Member of Order of the Eastern Star. Senior Women's Club. 
Active in Volunteer work for the American Red Cross, 14 years. Taught Home 
Nursing classes two years, also knitting classes for three years. Member Pine 
Grove Methodist Church. Married Scott Wiseman, December 13, 1934. Children: 
Linda Lou Wiseman Johnston, 38; and Steven Scott Wiseman, 34. Address: 
Route 2, Mullein Hill Road, Spruce Pine. 




BARNEY PAUL WOODARD 

(Democrat — Johnston County) 

(Fourteenth House District— Counties : Franklin and Johnston. Two Rep- 
resentatives.) 



420 



North Carolina Manual 




Barney Paul Woodard, representing the Fourteenth 
Representative District, was born in Princeton November 
23, 1914. Son of John Richard Woodard and Elizabeth Wall 
Woodard. Graduated University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill, B.S. Degree in Pharmacy, 1938. Owner Wood- 
ard Pharmacy and Pharmacist. Member North Carolina 
Pharmaceutical Association and Natural Association of Re- 
^j^jtjl tail Pharmacy. Mason and Shriner. Past Master, St. Pat- 

rick Lodge No. 617, 1952. Town Councilman, 1948. North 
Carolina House of Representatives, 1967. Past President Lions Club, 20 years 
of Princeton Advisory School Committee and past chairman. Served 2 years as 
Fund Chairman, Johnston County Mental Health Association and on Executive 
Board. Past Fund Chairman, TB Association. Served on Tuscorora Boy Scout 
Council. Member Methodist Church and Chairman Board of Trustees, 1970-1974. 
Married Annie Louise Sugg September 6, 1941. Four children: Barney Paul, Jr., 
Dianne, Michael, and Joy. Address: Box 5, Princeton. 



OTTIS RICHARD WRIGHT, JR. 

(Democrat — Columbus County) 
(Nineteenth House District — Counties: Bladen, Columbus and Sampson. Three 
Representatives. ) 

Ottis Richard Wright, Jr., representing the Nineteenth 
Representative District, was born in Loris, South Carolina 
October 8, 1944. Son of Ottis R. Wright, and Olive Battle 
Wright. Attended Tabor City High School, September, 
1959-June, 1963. University of North Carolina at Chapel 
Hill, A.B. Degree in Political Science, 1967. University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill Law School, J.D. Degree, 
1971. Attorney and Farmer. North Carolina Bar Associa- 
tion, 13th Judicial District Bar Association, Columbus 
County Bar Association and Columbus County Farm Bureau. Civitan Club. Phi 
Beta Kappa. Member Methodist Church. Council on Ministeries and Admini- 
strative Board; Youth Co-Ordinator, U.M.Y.F. Counselor. Address: Route No. 
1, Box 72, Tabor City. 




Legislative Branch 



421 



GRACE AVERETTE COLLINS 

CLERK— NORTH CAROLINA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Grace Averette Collins, Principal Clerk of the House 
of Representatives, was born in Fuquay-Varina. Daughter 
of Alozona Deems Averette, and Minnie Lee (Helms) 
Averette. Graduated Fuquay-Varina High School, 1949. 
Kings Business College, 1951; Attended Raleigh School of 
Commerce and Hardbarger Business College. Refresher 
Courses — 1954-1973. Home Maker. National Society of 
Legislative Clerks and Secretaries. General Assembly Ex- 
perience: Assistant Calendar Clerk 1969; Journal Clerk 
1971-1973; and Principal Clerk, 1974. Served as First Vice-chairman of Middle 
Creek Fuquay precinct, 1969-1971. Served as Chairman for precinct 1971-1973. 
Presently serving as second Vice-Chairman. Served as Cub Scout Den Mother, 
active in community affairs — fund raising, etc., served on Wake County Bicennten- 
nial Committee, 1972. Town Board Recreation Committee. Member Fuquay 
Methodist. Board of Mission, Sunday School Teacher, Member of Chancel Choir. 
Director of Youth Choir. Married John Nolan Collins Octber 4, 1952. Children: 
John N. Collins, Jr., age 19; Joseph A. Collins, age 17; James D. Collins, age 16; 
and Laurie E. Collins, age 14. Address: 518 East Academy Street, Raleigh. 




422 



North Carolina Manual 



OCCUPATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE 1975 
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 



Accountant, Payroll 

Bissell, Marilyn R. 

Agriculture 

Jordan, John M. 

Attorney 

Adams, Allen 
Barnes, Henson P. 
Blackwell, David M. 
Brown, Richard Lane, III 
Cobb, Laurence 
Creech, William A. 
Davenport, John Edwin 
DeRamus, Judson D., Jr. 
Erwin, Richard C. 
Farmer, Robert L. 
Frye, Henry E. 
Hairston, Peter W. 
Harris, W. S., Jr. 
Helms, H. Parks 
Holmes, Edward S. 
Hutchins, Fred S. 
Hyde, Herbert L. 
Jones, Robert A. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Leonard, Larry E. 
Long, James E. 
Love, Jimmy L. 
McMillan, William H. 
Michaux, Henry M., Jr. 
Miller, George W., Jr. 
Oxendine, Henry Ward 
Rogers, Bobby W. 
Rountree, H. Horton 
Sawyer, Thomas B. 
Short, W. M. 
Smith, Wade 
Soles, R. C, Jr. 
Stevens, John S. 
Stewart, Carl J., Jr. 
Watkins, William T. 
Wright, Richard 



Auction Business 

Lawing, Craig 

Auto Dealer 

Bright, Joe L. 
Ellis, T. W., Jr. 
Thomas, A. W. 

Banker 

Tison, Ben 

Broker - Developer 

Barbee, Allen C. 

Builder 

DeBruhl, Claude 

Cattle 

Gentry, J. Worth 

Coach 

Diamont, David H. 

College Professor 

Rhodes, S. Thomas 
Stewart, Carl J., Jr. 

Consultant - Public Relations 

Heer, Leo 

Corporation - Management 

Messer, Ernest 
Morris, Glenn A. (retired) 
Plyler, Aaron W. 
Quinn, Dwight W. 



Legislative Branch 



423 



Customer Service Specialist 

Dorsey, Fred R. 

Dentist 

Hunt, John J. 

Educational Consultant 

Nesbitt, Mary C. 

Educator 

Phillips, C. W. (retired) 
Smith, A. Neal 

Electrical Manufacturer's Agent 

Spoon, Roy 

Entertainer 

Wiseman, Myrtle E. (retired) 

Farmer 

Auman, T. Clyde 
Barbee, Allen C. 
Bright, Joe L. 
Bundy, Sam D. 
Davis, Gilbert R. 
DeBruhl, Claude 
Ellis, T. W., Jr. 
Falls, Robert Z. 
Gentry, J. Worth 
Gregory, Carson 
James, Vernon G. 
Jernigan, Roberts H. 
Parnell, David R. 
Revelle, J. Guy, Sr. 
Sandlin, Hugh C. 
Ward, Allen C. 
Wright, Richard 
Collins, P. C, Jr. 

Fertilizer Dealer 

Gentry, J. Worth 



Funeral Home Business 

Breece, George W. 
Bumgardner, David W., Jr. 
Pugh, J. T. 



Furniture Business 

Sandlin, Hugh C. 

Guidance Counselor 

Hunt, Patricia Stanford 
Tally, Mrs. Lura S. 

Housewife 

Chase, Mrs. John B. 
Griffin, Mrs. Dillard 

Ice and Fuel Business 

Hightower, Foyle, Jr. 

Insurance 

Beard, R. D. 
Bell, E. Graham 
Campbell, A. Hartwell 
Eagles, Larry P. 
Edwards, James H. 
Holmes, George M. 
Hunter, Thomas B. 
Hurst, Mrs. Wilda 
Lachot, W. H., Jr. 
Lawing, Craig 
Lilley, Daniel 
Collins, P. C, Jr. 

Investments 

Schwartz, Benjamin D. 

Jobber 

Holt, Charles 

Landscape Contractor 

Gilmore, Thomas O. 



424 



North Carolina Manual 



Meat Packing Business 

Jernigan, Roberts H., Jr. 

Merchant 

Parnell, David R. 
Ramsey, Liston B. 

Minister 

Johnson, Joy J. 

Motel and Shopping Center Owner 

White, W. Stanford 

Oil Business 

Baker, T. J. 
Gardner, J. M. 
Ward, Allen C. 

Operator - Men's Clothing Shop 

Prestwood, Ralph 

Owner - Electrical Contractor 
Firm 

Ray, Hector 

Owner - Hickory Farms of 
Greensboro 

Webb, C. E. 

Owner - Tobacco Warehouses 

Green, James C. 

Pharmacist 

Woodard, Barney Paul 

Physician, Surgeon 

Gamble. John R., Jr. 

Plastic Packaging 

Ballenger, T. Cass 



Private Detective 

Edwards, James H. 

Psychiatrist 

Varner, Dr. John (retired) 

Public Schools 

Cullipher, George P. 

Publisher 

DeBruhl, Claude 
Huskins, J. P. 

Real Estate 

Bell, E. Graham 
Gregory, Carson 
Holmes, George M. 
Hurst, Mrs. Wilda 
Lawing, Craig 
Mason, Ronald Earl 
Michaux, Henry M., Jr. 
Nash, Robie L. 

Retired 

Setzer, Frances E. 
Tennille, Margaret 

School Principal 

Foster, Jo Graham 

School Teacher 

Bundy, Sam D. (retired) 
Chapin, Howard B. 
Diamont, David H. 
Mathis, Carolyn 
Tally, Lura 

Securities Representative 

Barker, Chris S. 

Social Legislation 

Cook, Ruth E. 



Legislative Branch 



425 



Superintendent of School System T.V.-Radio Station Business 



Smith, Ned R. 

Textiles 

Jordan, John M. 

Tobacco Warehouseman 

Green, James C. 



Campbell, A. Hartwell 

U.S.D.A. 

Enloe, Jeff H., Jr. (retired) 

Vice President - Cameron Brown 
Company 

Johnson, Joseph 



42(5 



North Carolina Manual 



1975 HOUSE COMMITTEES 



ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE CONTROL 

Eagles, Larry P. — Chairman 
Bundy, Sam D. — Vice-Chairman 
Lilley, Daniel T. — Vice-Chairman 



Cobb, Laurence A. 
Edwards, James H. 
Gamble, John R. 
Johnson, Joy J. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 



McMillan, William H. 
Nash, Robie L. 
Smith, A. Neal 
Spoon, Roy 
Tison, Ben 



Beard, R. D. 
Bright, Joe L. 
Chase, Mrs. John B. 
Davis, Gilbert R. 
Ellis, T. W., Jr. 
Enloe, Jeff H., Jr. 
Farmer, Robert L. 
Gardner, J. M. 
Gentry, J. Worth 



AGRICULTURE 

Falls, Robert Z. — Chairman 

Auman, T. Clyde — Vice-Chairman 

Hightower, Foyle, Jr. — Vice-Chairman 

James, Vernon G. — Vice-Chairman 

Revelle, J. Guy, Sr. — Vice-Chairman 



Gregory, Carson 
Jordan, John M. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
McMillan, William H. 
Parnell, David R. 
Plyler, Aaron W. 
Soles, R. C, Jr. 
Ward, Allen C. 



APPROPRIATIONS 

Love, Jimmy L.— Chairman 

James, Vernon G. — Vice-Chairman 

Messer, Ernest B. — Vice-Chairman 

Tally, Lura — Vice-Chairwoman 

Thomas, A. W. — Vice-Chairman 

Tison, Ben — Vice-Chairman 



Auman, T. Clyde 
Ballenger, T. Cuss 
Blackwell, David M. 
Campbell, A. Hartwell 
Chase, Mrs. John B. 
Creech, William A. 
Cullipher, George P. 
Edwards, James H. 
Erwin, Richard C. 
Gamble, John R., Jr. 
Heer, Leo 



Holmes, Edward S. 
Holt, Charles 
Huskins, J. P. 
Hyde, Herbert L. 
Johnson, Joy J. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lachot, W. H., Jr. 
Mason, Ronald E. 
Nash, Robie L. 
Ramsey, Liston B. 
Revelle, J. Guy, Sr. 



Legislative Branch 



427 



Sandlin, Hugh C. 
Sawyer, Thomas B. 
Smith, Wade 
Spoon, Roy 



Watkins, William T. 
Woodard, Barney Paul 
Wright, Richard 



Beard, R. D. 
Bright, Joe L. 
Griffin, Mrs. Dillard 
Heer, Leo 
Johnson, Joseph E. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lachot, W. H., Jr. 



BANKS AND BANKING 

Baker, T. J. — Chairman 

Collins, P. C, Jr. — Vice-Chairman 

Gardner, J. M. — Vice-Chairman 

Schwartz, B. D. — Vice-Chairman 

Short, W. M. — Vice-Chairman 



Mathis, Carolyn 
Morris, Glenn A. 
Revelle, J. Guy, Sr. 
Rountree, H. Horton 
Setzer, Frances E. 
Tennille, Margaret 



BASE BUDGET 

Watkins, William T. — Chairman 
Bissell, Marilyn R. — Vice-Chairwoman 
Davenport, John Ed. — Vice-Chairman 

DeBruhl, Claude — Vice-Chairman 
Foster, Jo Graham — Vice-Chairwoman 
Miller, George M., Jr. — Vice-Chairman 



Barbee, Allen C. 
Bumgardner, David W. 
Bundy, Sam D. 
Collins, P. C, Jr. 
Davis, Gilbert R. 
Diamont, David H. 
Ellis, T. W., Jr. 
Griffin, Mrs. Dillard 
Harris, W. S., Jr. 
Holmes, George M. 
Hunt, John J. 
Hutchins, Fred S., Jr. 
Johnson, Joseph E. 



Jr. 



Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lawing, Craig 
Leonard, Larry E. 
Love, Jimmy L. 
Nesbitt, Mary C. 
Oxendine, Henry Ward 
Ramsey, Liston B. 
Ray, Hector 
Schwartz, B. D. 
Setzer, Frances E. 
Smith, Ned R. 
Webb, Charlie 



COMMERCIAL FISHERIES AND OYSTER INDUSTRY 

Bright, Joe L. — Chairman 
Mason, Ronald E. — Vice-Chairman 
White, W. Stanford — Vice-Chairman 



428 



North Carolina Manual 



Ballenger, T. Cass 
Dorsey, Fred R. 
Holt, Charles 
James, Vernon G. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 



Plyler, Aaron W. 
Rhodes, S. Thomas 
Sandlin, Hugh C. 
Ward, Allen C, 



COMMISSIONS AND INSTITUTIONS FOR BLIND AND DEAF 

Auman, T. Clyde — Chairman 

Quinn, Dwight W. — Vice-Chairman 

Hunt, John J. — Vice-Chairman 



Adams, Allen 
Brown, Richard Lane, III 
Bumgardner, David W., Jr. 
Diamont, David H. 
Edwards, James H. 
Griffin, Mrs. Dillard 



Johnson, Joy J. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Mathis, Carolyn 
Pugh, J. T. 
Smith, A. Neal 
Wiseman, Myrtle E. 



CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS 

Campbell, A. Hartwell, Chairman 
Huskins, J. P. — Vice-Chairman 
Jones, Robert A. — Vice-Chairman 



Bundy, Sam D. 
Cook, Ruth E. 
Davenport, John Ed. 
DeRamus, Judson D., Jr. 
Gilmore, Thomas 0. 
Harris, W. S., Jr. 
Hutchins, Fred S., Jr. 



Josey, C. Kitchin 
Michaux, H. M., Jr. 
Nesbitt, Mary C. 
Ray, Hector 
Rogers, Bobby W. 
Smith, Wade 
Stewart, Carl J., Jr. 



Barnes, Henson P. 
Bell, E. Graham 
Creech, William A. 
Holmes, George M. 



CORPORATIONS 

Gardner, J. M. — Chairman 
Lilley, Daniel T. — Vice-Chairman 
Morris, Glenn A. — Vice-Chairman 



Jordan, John M. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Leonard, Larry E. 
Setzer, Frances E. 



CORRECTIONS 

Hightower, Foyle, Jr. — Chairman 

Johnson, Joy J. — Vice-Chairman 

Oxendine, Henry Ward — Vice-Chairman 

Tally, Lura — Vice-Chairwoman 

Tison, Ben — Vice-Chairman 



Legislative Branch 



429 



Auman, T. Clyde 
Bell, E. Graham 
Cook, Ruth E. 
Davenport, John Ed. 
Diamont, David H. 
Erwin, Richard C. 
Helms, H. Parks 
Josey, C. Kitchin 



Leonard, Larry E. 
Mathis, Carolyn 
Michaux, H. M., Jr. 
Plyler, Aaron W. 
Prestwood, Ralph 
Spoon, Roy 
Varner, Dr. John 
Webb, Charlie 



Blackwell, David M. 
Cobb, Laurence A. 
Davenport, John Ed. 
Erwin, Richard C. 
Farmer, Robert L. 
Griffin, Mrs. Dillard 
Hairston, Peter W. 
Harris, W. S., Jr. 
Helms, H. Parks 
Holt, Charles 



COURTS AND JUDICIAL DISTRICTS 

Hyde, Herbert L. — Chairman 

Brown, Richard Lane, III — Vice-Chairman 

Rogers, Bobby W. — Vice-Chairman 

Short, W. M. — Vice-Chairman 

Huskins, J. P. 
Hutchins, Fred S., Jr. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
McMillan, William H. 
Michaux, H. M., Jr. 
Ramsey, Liston B. 
Rountree, H. Horton 
Smith, Wade 
Soles, R. C, Jr. 
Tally, Lura 



Baker, T. J. 
Barbee, Allen C. 
Bissell, Marilyn R. 
Frye, Henry E. 
Gentry, J. Worth 
Hunter, Thomas B. 



ECONOMY 

Lawing, Craig — Chairman 

Messer, Ernest B. — Vice-Chairman 

Smith, Wade, — Vice-Chairman 

Jernigan, Roberts H. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Love, Jimmy L. 
Ramsey, Liston B. 
Stevens, John S. 
Watkins, William T. 



EDUCATION 

Hunter, Thomas B. — Chairman 

Auman, T. Clyde — Vice-Chairman 

Bundy, Sam D. — Vice-Chairman 

Foster, Jo Graham — Vice-Chairwoman 



Campbell, A. Hartwell 
Chapin, Howard B. 
Cullipher, George P. 
Enloe, Jeff H., Jr. 
Heer, Leo 
James, Vernon G. 
Johnson, Joy J. 



Nesbitt, Mary C. 
Oxendine, Henry Ward 
Ray, Hector 
Smith, Ned R. 
Tally, Lura 
Wright, Richard 



430 



North Carolina Manual 



ELECTION LAWS 

Gentry, J. Worth — Chairman 
Frye, Henry E. — Vice-Chairman 
Jones, Robert A. — Vice-Chairman 



Adams, Allen 
Barbee, Allen C. 
Barker, Chris S. 
Breece, George W. 
Brown, Richard Lane, III 
Chapin, Howard B. 
Cobb, Laurence A. 
DeRamus, Judson D., Jr. 
Enloe, Jeff H., Jr. 



Gilmore, Thomas O. 
Holmes, George M. 
Jordan, John M. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Mason, Ronald E. 
Messer, Ernest B. 
Ramsey, Liston B. 
Spoon, Ray 



EMPLOYMENT SECURITY 

Morris, Glenn A. — Chairman 

Gilmore, Thomas O. — Vice-Chairman 

Jernigan, Roberts H., Jr. — Vice-Chairman 



Bumgardner, David W., Jr. 
Erwin, Richard C. 
Hairston, Peter W. 
Jordan, John M. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lachot, W. H., Jr. 



Long, James E. 
Messer, Ernest B. 
Rhodes, S. Thomas 
Smith, Ned R. 
Varner, Dr. John 
Webb, Charlie 



FINANCE 

Ramsey, Liston B. — Chairman 

Baker, T. J. — Vice-Chairman 

Eagles, Larry P. — Vice-Chairman 

Hunter, Thomas B. — Vice-Chairman 

Morris, Glenn A.- — Vice-Chairman 

Stevens, John S. — Vice-Chairman 



Adams, Allen 
Barker, Chris S., Jr. 
Barnes, Henson P. 
Beard, R. D. 
Bell, E. Graham 
Breece, George W. 
Bright, Joe L. 
Brown, Richard Lane, III 
Chapin, Howard B. 
Cobb, Laurence A. 
Cook, Ruth E. 
DeRamus, Judson D., Jr. 
Dorsey, Fred R. 



Enloe, Jeff H., Jr. 
Falls, Robert Z. 
Farmer, Robert L. 
Frye, Henry E. 
Gardner, J. M. 
Gentry, J. Worth 
Gilmore, Thomas O. 
Gregory, Carson 
Hairston, Peter W. 
Helms, H. Parks 
Hightower, Foyle, Jr. 
Hunt, Patricia Stanford 
Hurst, Mrs. Wilda 



Legislative Branch 



431 



Jemigan, Roberts H., Jr. 
Jones, Robert A. 
Jordan, John M. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lilley, Daniel T. 
Long, James E. 
Love, Jimmy L. 
McMillan, William H. 
Mathis, Carolyn 
Michaux, H. M., Jr. 
Parnell, David R. 
Phillips, C. W. 
Plyler, Aaron W. 
Prestwood, Ralph 
Pugh, J. T. 



Quinn, Dwight W. 
Rhodes, S. Thomas 
Rogers, Bobby W. 
Rountree, H. Horton 
Short, W. M. 
Smith, A. Neal 
Soles, R. C, Jr. 
Stewart, Carl J., Jr. 
Tennille, Margaret 
Varner, Dr. John 
Ward, Allen C. 
Watkins, William T. 
White, W. Stanford 
Wiseman, Myrtle E. 



HEALTH 

Chase, Mrs. John B. — Chairwoman 
Gamble, John R., Jr. — Vice-Chairman 

Phillips, C. W. — Vice-Chairman 
Woodard, Barney Paul — Vice-Chairman 



Bissell, Marilyn R. 
Cullipher, George P. 
Farmer, Robert L. 
Heer, Leo 



Hunt, Patricia Stanford 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Prestwood, Ralph 
Varner, Dr. John 



HIGHER EDUCATION 

Huskins, J. P. — Chairman 

Hunt, Patricia Stanford — Vice-Chairwoman 

Rountree, H. Horton — Vice-Chairman 

Woodard, Barney Paul — Vice-Chairman 



Breece, George W. 
Chase, Mrs. John B. 
Frye, Henry E. 
Helms, H. Parks 
Hunter, Thomas B. 
Jernigan, Roberts H., Jr. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Nesbitt, Mary C. 



Oxendine, Henry Ward 
Phillips, C. W. 
Quinn, Dwight W. 
Schwartz, B. D. 
Smith, A. Neal 
Stevens, John S. 
Stewart, Carl J., Jr. 



HIGHWAY SAFETY 

Sawyer, Thomas B. — Chairman 
Blackwell, David M.— Vice-Chairman 
Bright, Joe L. — Vice-Chairman 
Gregory, Carson — Vice-Chairman 



432 



North Carolina Manual 



Bissell, Marilyn R. 
Cobb, Laurence A. 
Davis, Gilbert R. 
Edwards, James H. 
Erwin, Richard C. 
Farmer, Robert L. 
Foster, Jo Graham 
Harris, W. S., Jr. 



Hunt, John J. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Miller, George M., Jr. 
Pugh, J. T. 
Short, W. M. 
Spoon, Roy 
Wiseman, Myrtle E. 
Wright, Richard 



Creech, William A. 
Cullipher, George P. 
Foster, Jo Graham 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Math is, Carolyn 
McMillan, William H. 
Nesbitt, Mary C. 



HUMAN RESOURCES 

Johnson, Joy J. — Chairman 

Frye, Henry E. — Vice-Chairman 

Harris, W. S., Jr. — Vice-Chairman 



Oxendine, Henry Ward 
Pugh, J. T. 
Smith, Ned R. 
Tally, Lura 
Varner, Dr. John 
Wiseman, Myrtle E. 



INSURANCE 

Messer, Ernest B. — Chairman 

Lawing, Craig — Vice-Chairman 

Soles, R. C, Jr. — Vice-Chairman 

Thomas, A. W. — Vice-Chairman 



Bell, E. Graham 
Bissell, Marilyn R. 
Campbell, A. Hartwell 
Davis, Gilbert R. 
DeRamus, Judson D., Jr. 
Edwards, James H. 
Falls, Robert Z. 
Gamble, John R., Jr. 
Harris, W. S., Jr. 
Hightower, Foyle, Jr. 
Holmes, George M. 
Hunter, Thomas B. 
Hurst, Mrs. Wilda 



Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lachot, W. H., Jr. 
Leonard, Larry E. 
Lilley, Daniel T. 
Mason, Ronald E. 
Oxendine, Henry Ward 
Rogers, Bobby W. 
Sandlin, Hugh C. 
Short, W. M. 
Collins, D. C, Jr. 
Miller, George W., Jr. 
Sawyer, Thomas B. 



JUDICIARY I 

Rogers, Bobby W. — Chairman 

Brown, Richard Lane, III — Vice-Chairman 

Holmes, Edward S. — Vice-Chairman 



Legislative Branch 



433 



Cook, Ruth E. 
Creech, William A. 
Hairston, Peter W. 
Helms, H. Parks 
Hunt, Patricia Stanford 
Hyde, Herbert L. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 



Leonard, Larry E. 
Love, Jimmy L. 
Miller, George W. 
Revelle, J. Guy, Sr. 
Rountree, H. Horton 
Wright, Richard 



Barnes, Henson P. 
Cobb, Laurence A. 
Davenport, John Ed. 
Erwin, Richard C. 
Johnson, Joseph E. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Long, James E. 



JUDICIARY II 

Soles, R. C, Jr. — Chairman 

Harris, W. S., Jr. — Vice-Chairman 

Smith, Wade — Vice-Chairman 



McMillan, William H. 
Morris, Glenn A. 
Ray, Hector 
Stevens, John S. 
Tison, Ben 
Watkins, William T. 



JUDICIARY III 

Farmer, Robert L. — Chairman 
Blackwell, David M. — Vice-Chairman 
Sawyer, Thomas B. — Vice-Chairman 



Adams, Allen 
DeRamus, Judson D., Jr. 
Frye, Henry E. 
Gamble, John R., Jr. 
Hutchins, Fred S., Jr. 
Jones, Robert A. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 



Michaux, H. M., Jr. 
Oxendine, Henry Ward 
Quinn, Dwight W. 
Short, W. M. 
Stewart, Carl J., Jr. 
Tally, Lura 



Chase, Mrs. John B. 
Cook, Ruth E. 
Dorsey, Fred R. 
Ellis, T. W., Jr. 
Holmes, George M. 
Holt, Charles 



LOCAL GOVERNMENT I 

Collins, P. C, Jr. — Chairman 

Bell, E. Graham — Vice-Chairman 

DeBruhl, Claude — Vice-Chairman 

White, W. Stanford — Vice-Chairman 



Hurst, Mrs. Wilda 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Long, James M. 
Thomas, A. W. 
Wright, Richard 



434 



North Carolina Manual 



Ballenger, T. Cass 
Cullipher, George P. 
Farmer, Robert L. 
Griffin, Mrs. Dillard 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Leonard, Larry E. 



LOCAL GOVERNMENT II 

James, Vernon G. — Chairman 

Gardner, J. M. — Vice-Chairman 
Revelle, J. Guy, Sr. — Vice-Chairman 



Mathis, Carolyn 
Nash, Robie L. 
Nesbitt, Mary C. 
Ray, Hector 
Tennille, Margaret 



Ballenger, T. Cass 
Beard, R. D. 
Diamont, David H. 
Heer, Leo 
Jordan, John M. 



MANUFACTURERS AND LABOR 

Tison, Ben — Chairman 
Hunt, John J. — Vice-Chairman 
Michaux, H. M., Jr. — Vice-Chairman 
Quinn, Dwight W. — Vice-Chairman 

Josey, C. Kitchin 
Love, Jimmy L. 
Morris, Glenn A. 
Plyler, Aaron W. 
Sandlin, Hugh C. 



Beard, R. D. 
Bell, E. Graham 
Blackwell, David M. 
Cook, Ruth E. 
Creech, William A. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Prestwood, Ralph 



MENTAL HEALTH 

Barker, Chris S., Jr. — Chairman 

Chase, Mrs. John B. — Vice-Chairwoman 

Nash, Robie L. — Vice-Chairman 

Tally, Lura — Vice-Chairwoman 

Pugh, J. T. 
Setzer, Frances E. 
Soles, R. C, Jr. 
Spoon, Roy 
Varner, Dr. John 
Wiseman, Myrtle E. 



MILITARY AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS 

Woodard, Barney Paul — Chairman 

Barker, Chris S., Jr. — Vice-Chairman 

Lilley, Daniel T. — Vice-Chairman 



Breece, George W. 
Bumgardner, David W., Jr. 
DeBruhl, Claude 
Hunt, John J. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 



Parnell, David R. 
Prestwood, Ralph 
Sawyer, Thomas B. 
Wright, Richard 



Legislative Branch 



435 



NATURAL AND ECONOMIC RESOURCES 

Mason, Ronald E. — Chairman 

Gilmore, Thomas O. — Vice-Chairman 

Nash. Robie L. — Vice-Chairman 



Auman, T. Clyde 
Chapin, Howard B. 
Dorsey, Fred R. 
Griffin, Mrs. Dillard 
Hairston, Peter W. 
Heer, Leo 
Holmes, Edward S. 
Holt, Charles 



Hurst, Mrs. Wilda 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Pugh, J. T. 
Rhodes, S. Thomas 
Ward, Allen C. 
Webb, Charlie 
White, W. Stanford 



PROFESSIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL 

AND PRACTICE 

Holmes, Edward S.— Chairman 

Blackwell, David M. — Vice-Chairman 

Rountree, H. Horton — Vice-Chairman 

Smith, Wade — Vice-Chairman 



Barker, Chris S., Jr. 
Cullipher, George P. 
Eagles, Larry P. 
Ellis, T. W., Jr. 
Erwin, Richard C. 
Hunter, Thomas B. 



Hyde, Herbert L. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lawing, Craig 
Revelle, J. Guy, Sr. 
Spoon, Roy 
Stevens, John S. 



Adams, Allen 
Breece, George W. 
Bright, Joe L. 
Creech, William A. 
Diamont, David H. 
Hairston, Peter W. 
Helms, H. Parks 
Hurst, Mrs. Wilda 



PUBLIC LIBRARY 

Hunt, Patricia Stanford — Chairwoman 

Gamble, John R. — Vice-Chairman 

Gilmore, Thomas O. — Vice-Chairman 

Hunt, John J. — Vice-Chairman 



Johnson, Joseph E. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Phillips, C. W. 
Rhodes, S. Thomas 
Smith, A. Neal 
Smith, Ned R. 
Woodard, Barney Paul 



PUBLIC UTILITIES 

Miller, George W. — Chairman 

Quinn, Dwight W. — Vice-Chairman 

Rountree, H. Horton — Vice-Chairman 

Schwartz, B. D. — Vice-Chairman 



436 



North Carolina Manual 



Barnes, Henson P. 
Bumgardner, David W., Jr. 
Campbell, A. Hartwell 
Collins, P. C, Jr. 
DeBruhl, Claude 
Falls, Robert Z. 
Frye, Henry E. 
Hairston, Peter W. 
Hightower, Foyle, Jr. 
Huskins, J. P. 



Hutchins, Fred S., Jr. 
Hyde, Herbert L. 
Jernigan, Roberts H., Jr. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lawing, Craig 
Long, James E. 
Morris, Glenn A. 
Parnell, David R. 
Sandlin, Hugh C. 



RULES 

Stevens, John S. — Chairman 

Barbee, Allen C. — Vice-Chairman 

Mason, Ronald E. — Vice-Chairman 



Adams, Allen 
Baker, T. J. 
Barker, Chris S., Jr. 
Bissell, Marilyn R. 
Breece, George W. 
Collins, P. C, Jr. 
Davis, Gilbert R. 
Eagles, Larry P. 
Falls, Robert Z. 
Gamble, John R., Jr. 
Gardner, J. M. 
Huskins, J. P. 
Hutchins, Fred S., Jr. 



Hyde, Herbert L. 
James, Vernon G. 
Jones, Robert A. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lawing, Craig 
Morris, Glenn A. 
Parnell, David R. 
Ramsey, Liston B. 
Sawyer, Thomas B. 
Tennille, Margaret 
Ward, Allen C. 
Watkins, William T. 



STATE GOVERNMENT 



Jernigan, Roberts H., Jr. — Chairman 
Bumgardner, David W., Jr. — Vice-Chairman 

Gregory, Carson — Vice-Chairman 

Hunt, Patricia Stanford — Vice-Chairwoman 

Webb, Charlie — Vice-Chairman 



Barbee, Allen C. 
Beard, R. D. 

Brown, Richard Lane, III 
Chapin, Howard B. 
Davenport, John Ed 
Diamont, David H. 
Hightower, Foyle, Jr. 
Hyde, Herbert L. 



Johnson, Joseph E. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Lachot, W. H., Jr. 
Nash, Robie L. 
Ramsey, Liston B. 
Setzer, Frances E. 
Schwartz, B. D. 



Legislative Branch 



437 



Baker, T. J. 
Barnes, Henson P. 
Bunday, Sam D. 
Enloe, Jeff H., Jr. 
Foster, Jo Graham 
Johnson, Joseph E. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 



STATE PERSONNEL 

DeBruhl, Claude — Chairman 

Campbell, A. Hartwell — Vice-Chairman 
Long, James E. — Vice-Chairman 



Messer, Ernest B. 
Ray, Hector 
Sandlin, Hugh C. 
Tennille, Margaret 
Thomas, A. W. 
Woodard, Barney Paul 



Barnes, Henson P. 
DeBruhl, Claude 
Dorsey, Fred R. 
Edwards, James H. 



STATE PROPERTIES 

Thomas, A. W. — Chairman 
Phillips, C. W. — Vice-Chairman 



Hightower, Foyle, Jr. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Rountree, H. Horton 
Ward, Allen C. 



Chapin, Howard B. 
Enloe, Jeff H., Jr. 
Gregory, Carson 
Holmes, Edward S. 
Hunter, Thomas B. 
Huskins, J. P. 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Morris, Glenn A. 



TRANSPORTATION 

Barbee, Allen C. — Chairman 

Falls, Robert Z. — Vice-Chairman 

Gentry, J. Worth — Vice-Chairman 

White, W. Stanford — Vice-Chairman 



Ramsey, Liston B. 
Revelle, J. Guy, Sr. 
Rogers, Bobby W. 
Schwartz, B. D. 
Smith, Ned R. 
Soles, R. C, Jr. 
Thomas, A. W. 
Tison, Ben 



UNIVERSITY BOARD OF GOVERNORS 
NOMINATING COMMITTEE 

Schwartz, B. D. — Chairman 

Hunt, Patricia Stanford — Vice-Chairwoman 

Huskins, J. P. — Vice-Chairman 

Phillips, C.W. — Vice-Chairman 



438 



North Carolina Manual 



Blackwell, David M. 
Foster, Jo Graham 
Josey, C. Kitchin 
Messer, Ernest B. 



Rountree, H. Horton 
Smith, A. Neal 
Stevens, John S. 
Tennille, Margaret 



Baker, T. J. 
Ballenger, T. Cass 
Collins, P. C, Jr. 
Ellis, T. W., Jr. 
Enloe, Jeff H., Jr. 
Holt, Charles 
Jones, Robert A. 



WATER AND AIR RESOURCES 

Stewart, Carl J., Jr. — Chairman 

Gentry, J. Worth — Vice-Chairman 

Smith, Wade — Vice-Chairman 

White, W. Stanford — Vice-Chairman 

Josey, C. Kitchin 
Messer, Ernest B. 
Stevens, John S. 
Tennille, Margaret 
Ward, Allen C. 
Webb, Charlie 
Wiseman, Myrtle E. 



WILDLIFE 

Lilley, Daniel T. — Chairman 

Eagles, Larry P. — Vice-Chairman 

Hyde, Herbert L. — Vice-Chairman 

White, W. Stanford — Vice-Chairman 



Davis, Gilbert R. 
DeRamus, Judson D., Jr. 
Ellis, T. W., Jr. 
Gregory, Carson 
Hunt, John J. 



Prestwood, Ralph 
Ramsey, Liston B. 
Sandlin, Hugh C. 
Stewart, Carl J., Jr. 



Legislative Branch 439 

RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

1975 SESSION 

I. Order of Business, 1-5 

II. Conduct of Debate, 6-12 

III. Motions, 13-19 

IV. Voting, 20-25 

V. Committees, 26-30 

VI. Handling of Bills, 31-44 

VII. Legislative Officers and Employees, 45-49 

VIII. Privileges of the Hall, 50-53 

IX. General Rules, 54-61 

I. Order of Business 

RULE 1. Convening Hour. — The House shall convene each legislative day 
at the hour fixed by the House. In the event the House adjourns on the preceding 
legislative day without having fixed an hour for reconvening, the House shall 
convene on the next legislative day at 1 :00 P.M. 

RULE 2. Opening the Session. — At the convening hour on each legislative 
day the Speaker shall call the members to order and shall have the session opened 
with prayer. 

RULE 3. Quorum. — (a) A quorum consists of a majority of the qualified 
members of the House. 

(b) Should the point of a quorum be raised, the doors shall be closed and the 
Clerk shall call the roll of the House, after which the names of those not respond- 
ing shall again be called. In the absence of a quorum, fifteen members are author- 
ized to compel the attendance of absent members and may order that absentees 
for whom no sufficient excuses are made be taken into custody wherever they may 
be found by special messenger appointed for that purpose. 

RULE 4. Approval of Journal. — (a) The Committee on Rules and Opera- 
tion of the House shall cause the Journal of the House to be examined daily be- 
fore the hour of convening to determine if the proceedings of the previous day 
have been correctly recorded. 

(b) Immediately following the opening prayer and upon appearance of a 
quorum, the Speaker shall call ior the Journal report by the Chairman of the 
Committee on Rules and Operation of the House or by a Representative designated 
by the Chairman as to whether the proceedings ol the previous day have been 
correctly recorded. Without objection, the Speaker snail cause the Journal to 
stand approved. 



440 North Carolina Manual 

RULE 5. Order of Business of the Day. — After the approval of the Journal 
of the preceding day, the House shall proceed to business in the following order: 

(1) The receiving of petitions, memorials and papers addressed to the Gen- 
eral Assembly or to the House; 

(2) Reports of standing committees; 

(3) Reports of select committees; 

(4) First reading and reference to committee of bills and resolutions; 

(5) Messages from the Senate; 

(6) The unfinished business of the preceding day; 

(7) Calendar (each category in numerical order) : 

(a) Local bills (roll call) third reading 

(b) Local bills (roll call) second reading 

(c) Local bills third reading 

(d) Local bills second reading 

(e) Public bills (roll call) third reading 

(f) Public bills (roll call) second reading 

(g) Public bills and resolutions, third reading 
(h) Public bills and resolutions, second reading; 

(8) Reading of Notices and Announcements; but messages and motions to 
elect officers shall always be in order. 

II. Conduct of Debate 

RULE 6. Duties and Powers of the Speaker. — The Speaker shall have gen- 
eral direction of the Hall. He may name any member to perform the duties of 
the Chair, but substitution shall not extend beyond one day, except in the case of 
sickness or by leave of the House. 

RULE 7. Obtaining Floor. — (a) When any member desires recognition for 
any purpose, he shall rise from his seat and respectfully address the Speaker. No 
member shall proceed until recognized by the Speaker. 

(b) When a member desires to interrupt a member having the floor, he shall 
first obtain recognition by the Speaker and permission of the member occupying 
the floor, and when such recognition and permission have been obtained, he may 
propound a question to the member occupying the floor; but he s' all not otherwise 
interrupt the member having the floor; and the Speaker shall, without the point 
of order being raised, enforce this rule. 

(e) When a bill is submitted to the Committee of the Whole House, it shall 
be read and debated by sections, leaving the preamble to be last considered. The 
body of the bill shall not be defaced or interlined, but all amendments, noting the 
page and line, shall be duly entered by the Clerk on a separate paper as the same 
shall be agreed to by the committee, and be so reported to the House. After re- 
port, the bill shall again be subject to be debated and amended by sections before 
a question on its passage be taken. 



Legislative Branch 441 

RULE 8. Questions of Personal Privilege. — At any time, upon recognition 
by the Speaker, any member may speak to a question of personal privilege. The 
Speaker shall determine if the question is one of privilege. 

RULE 9. Poiyits of Order. — (a) The Speaker shall decide questions of order 
and may speak to points of order in preference to other members arising from 
their seats for that purpose. Any member may appeal from the ruling of the 
Chair on questions of order; on such appeal no member may speak more than 
once, unless by leave of the House. A two-thirds ( % ) vote of the members present 
shall be necessary to sustain any appeal from the ruling of the Chair. 

(b) When the Speaker calls a member to order, the member shall take his 
seat except that a member called to order may clear a matter of fact, or explain, 
but shall not proceed in debate so long as the decision stands. If the member ap- 
peals from the ruling of the Chair and the decision by a two-thirds ( % ) vote of 
the members present be in favor of the member called to order, he may proceed ; 
if otherwise, he shall not; and if the case, in the judgment of the House, requires 
it, he shall be liable to censure by the House. 

RULE 10. Limitations on Debate. — No member shall speak more than twice 
on the main question, nor longer than thirty minutes for the first speech and fif- 
teen minutes for the second speech, unless allowed to do so by the affirmative vote 
of a majority of the members present; nor shall he speak more than once upon 
an amendment or motion to reconsider, commit, appeal or postpone, and then not 
longer than ten minutes. The House may, however, by consent of a majority of 
the members present, suspend the operation of this rule during any debate on 
any particular question before the House, or the Rules Committee may bring in 
a special rule that shall be applicable to the debate on any bill. 

RULE 11. Reading of Papers. — When there is a call for the reading of a 
paper which has been read in the House, and there is objection to such reading, 
the question shall be determined by a majority vote of the members of the House 
present. Except for protests permitted by the Constitution, no member may have 
material printed in the Journal until said material has been presented to the 
House and the printing approved by the House, and said material shall not ex- 
ceed 1,000 words. 

RULE 12. General Decorum.— (a) The Speaker shall preserve order and 
decorum. 

(b) Decency of speech shall be observed and disrespect to personalities 
carefully avoided. 

(c) When the Speaker is putting any question, or addressing the House, no 
person shall speak, stand up, walk out of or cross the House, nor when a member 
is speaking, engage in disruptive discourse or pass between the member and the 
Chair. 

(d) Smoking shall not be permitted on the floor of the House during the first 
hour the House is in session. 

(e) Food or beverages shall not be permitted on the floor of the House. 



442 North Carolina Manual 

(f) The reading of newspapers shall not be permitted on the floor of the 
House while the House is in session. 

(g) Smoking or the consumption of food or beverages shall not be permitted 
in the galleries at any time. 

(h) Special recitals, performances by musicians or other groups shall not 
be permitted on the floor of the House and special guests of members of the 
House shall not be permitted on the floor of the House. 



III. Motions 

RULE 13. Motions Generally. — (a) Every motion shall be reduced to writ- 
ing, if the Speaker or any two members request it. 

(b) When a motion is made, it shall be stated by the Speaker, or, if written, 
it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by the Speaker or Clerk before de- 
bate. 

(c) After a motion has been stated by the Speaker or read by the Speaker 
or Clerk, it shall be in the possession of the House; but it may be withdrawn 
before a decision or amendment, except in case of a motion to reconsider, which 
motion, when made by a member, shall be in possession of the House and shall not 
be withdrawn without leave of the House. 

RULE 14. Motions, Order of Precedence. — When there are motions before 
the House, the order of precedence is as follows: 

To adjourn 

To lay on th table 

To postpone indefinitely 

Previous question 

To postpone to a day certain 

To commit 

To amend an amendment 

To amend 

To substitute 

To pass the bill 

No motion to lay on the table, to postpone indefinitely, to postpone to a day 
certain, to commit or to make a particular amendment, being decided, shall be 
again allowed at the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

RULE 15. Motion to adjourn. — (a) A motion to adjourn shall be seconded 
before the motion is put to the vote of the House. 

(b) A motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate, and shall always 
be in order, except when the House is voting or some member is speaking; but a 
motion to adjourn shall not follow a motion to adjourn until debate or some 
other business of the House has intervened. 



Legislative Branch 443 

RULE 16. Motion to Table. — (a) A motion to table shall be seconded be- 
fore the motion is put to the vote of the House and is in order except when a 
motion to adjourn is before the House. 

(b) A motion to table shall be decided without debate. 

(c) A motion to table a bill shall constitute a motion to table the bill and all 
amendments thereto. 

(d) A motion to table an amendment shall not be construed as a motion to 
table the principal bill or any other amendment which has been offered thereto, 
and if such motion is carried, only the amendment shall lie upon the table. 

(e) When a question has been tabled, it shall not thereafter be considered 
except on motion to remove from the table, approved by a two-thirds ( % ) vote. 

RULE 17. Motion to Postpone Indefinitely. — A motion to postpone in- 
definitely is in order except when a motion to adjourn or to lay on the table is 
before the House. However, after one motion to postpone indefinitely has been 
decided, another motion to postpone indefinitely shall not be allowed at the same 
stage of the bill or proposition. When a question has been postponed indefinitely, 
it shall not thereafter be considered except on motion to place on the favorable 
calendar approved by a two-thirds ( % ) vote. 

RULE 18. Motion to Reconsider. — (a) When a question has been decided, 
it is in order for any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration 
thereof, on the same or the succeeding legislative day; provided that unless the 
vote by which the motion was originally decided was taken by a call of the ayes 
and noes, any member may move to reconsider. 

(b) A motion to reconsider shall be determined by a majority vote, except a 
motion to reconsider a motion tabling a motion to reconsider, which shall require 
a two-thirds ( % ) vote. 

(c) A motion to reconsider a motion made under Rules 16, 17, 37, 41 and 42 
shall require a two-thirds (%) vote. 

RULE 19. Previous Question. — (a) The previous question may be called 
only by the member submitting the report on the bill or other matter under con- 
sideration, by the member (s) introducing the bill or other matter under con- 
sideration, or by the member in charge of the measure, who shall be designated 
by the chairman of the committee reporting the same to the House at the time 
the bill or other matter under consideration is reported to the House or taken up 
for consideration. 

(b) The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main question now 
be put?" When the call for the previous question has been decided in the affirma- 
tive by a majority vote of the House, the "main question" is on the passage of 
the bill, resolution or other matter under consideration. 

(c) The call for the previous question shall preclude all motions, amend- 
ments and debate, except the motion to adjourn or motion to table or motion to 
postpone indefinitely made prior to the determination of the previous question. 



444 North Carolina Manual 

(d) If the previous question is decided in the negative, the main question 
remains under debate. 



IV. Voting 

RULE 20. Stating Questions. — (a) The Speaker shall rise to put a question. 

(b) The question shall be put in this form, namely, "Those in favor (as the 
question may be) will say 'Aye'," and after the affirmation voice has been ex- 
pressed, "Those opposed will say 'No'." 

(c) Any member may call for a question to be divided into two or more 
propositions to be voted on separately, and the Speaker shall determine whether 
the question admits of such a division. 

RULE 21. Determining Questions. — Unless otherwise provided by the Con- 
stitution of North Carolina, all questions shall be determined by the members 
present and voting. 

RULE 22. Voting by Division. — Any member may call for a division of the 
members upon the question before the result of the vote has been announced. 
Upon a call for a division, the Speaker shall cause the number voting in the af- 
firmative and in the negative to be determined. LTpon a division and count of the 
House on any question, no member away from his seat shall be counted. 

RULE 23. Roll Call Vote. — (a) Before a question is put, any member may 
call for the ayes and noes. If the call is sustained by one-fifth (1/5) of the mem- 
bers present, the question shall be decided by the ayes and noes upon a roll call 
vote. All roll call votes shall be taken alphabetically. 

(b) Every member who is in the Hall of the House when the question is put 
shall give his vote upon a call of the ayes and noes, unless the House for special 
reasons shall excuse him and no application to be excused from voting shall be 
entertained unless made before the call of the roll. 

RULE 24. Voting by Absentees. — (a) No member shall vote on any ques- 
tion when he was not present when the question was put by the Speaker, except 
by the consent of the House. 

(b) If any member is necessarily absent on business of the House when a 
vote is taken upon any question, upon entering the House he shall be permitted, 
on request, to vote, provided that the result shall not be affected thereby. 

RULE 25. Voting by Speaker. — In all elections the Speaker may vote. In 
all other instances he may exercise his right to vote, or he may reserve this right 
until there is a tie, but in no instance may he vote twice on the same question. 



V. Committees 

RULE 26. Committees Generally. — (a) All standing and select committees 
shall be appointed by the Speaker, unless otherwise specially ordered by the 
House. 



Legislative Branch 445 

(b) Any member may excuse himself from serving - on any committee if he 
is a member of two other standing committees. 

(c) The Chairman and five other members of any committee shall constitute 
a quorum of that committee for the transaction of business. 

(d) In any joint meeting of the Senate and House Committees, the House 
Committee may in its discretion reserve the right to vote separately. 

RULE 27. Appointment of Standi)ig Committees. — -(a) At the commence- 
ment of the session the Speaker shall appoint a standing committee on each of 
the following subjects, namely; 

Agriculture. 

Alcoholic Beverage Control. 

Appropriations. 

Banks and Banking. 

Base Budget. 

Commercial Fisheries and Oyster Industry. 

Commissions and Institutions for the Blind and Deaf. 

Constitutional Amendments. 

Corporations. 

Corrections. 

Courts and Judicial Districts. 

Economy. 

Education. 

Election Laws. 

Employment Security. 

Finance. 

Health. 

Higher Education. 

Highway Safety. 

Human Resources. 

Insurance. 

Judiciary No. I. 

Judiciary No. II. 

Judiciary No. III. 

Local Government No. I. 

Local Government No. II. 

Manufacturers and Labor. 

Mental Health. 

Military and Veteran's Affairs. 

Natural & Economic Resources. 

Public Libraries. 

Public Utilities. 

Rules and Operation of the House. 

State Government. 

State Personnel. 

State Properties. 

Transportation. 

University Board of Governors Nominating Committee. 



44G North Carolina Manual 

Water and Air Resources. 
Wildlife Resources. 

(b) The first member announced on each committee shall be chairman, and 
where the Speaker so desires he may designate a co-chairman and one or more 
vice-chairmen. 

RULE 28. Committee Meetings. — (a) Standing committees and subcommit- 
tees of standing committees shall be furnished with suitable meeting places pur- 
suant to a schedule adopted by the Committee on Rules and Operation of the 
House. Select committees shall be furnished with suitable meeting places as their 
needs require by the Chairman of the Committee on Rules and Operation of the 
House. 

(b) Subject to the provisions of the subsection (c) of this Rule, committees 
and subcommittees thereof shall permit other members of the General Assembly, 
the press, and the general public to attend all sessions of said committees or sub- 
committees. 

(c) The chairman or other presiding officer shall have general direction of 
the meeting place of the committee or subcommittee and, in case of any disturb- 
ance or disorderly conduct therein, or if the peace, good order, and proper conduct 
of the legislative business is hindered by any person or persons, the chairman or 
presiding officer shall have power to exclude from the session any individual or 
individuals so hindering the legislative business or, if necessary, to order the 
meeting place cleared of all persons not members of the committee or subcommit- 
tee. 

(d) Procedure in the committees shall be governed by the rules of the House, 
so far as the same may be applicable to such procedure, except that roll call votes 
may be required in the discretion of the committee chairman. 

(e) No committee or subcommittee shall meet on any day when the House 
shall not convene except by permission of the Speaker or by approval of the 
House by resolution adopted by a majority vote of the House. 

(f) No committee or subcommittee shall meet during any session of the 
House and all committee and subcommittee meetings shall adjourn no later than 
15 minutes preceding a regular session of the House. 

(g) Any call or notice of a standing committee meeting between legislative 
sessions shall be mailed to each member of the committee by certified mail at least 
five days prior to such meeting. 

RULE 29. Committee Hearings.— The chairmen of all committees shall 
notify, or cause to be notified, the first named introducer on such bills as are set 
for hearing before their respective committees as to the date, time and place of 
such hearing. 

RULE 30. Committee of the Whole House. — (a) A Committee of the Whole 
House shall not be formed, except by suspension of the rules, if there be objection 
by any member. 



Legislative Branch 447 

(b) After passage of a motion to form a Committee of the Whole House, 
the Speaker shall appoint a chairman to preside in committee, and the Speaker 
shall leave the Chair. 

(c) The rules of procedure in the House shall be observed in the Committee 
of the Whole House, so far as they may be applicable, except the rule limiting the 
time of speaking and the previous question. 

(d) In the Committee of the Whole House a motion that the committee rise 
shall always be in order, except when a member is speaking, and shall be decided 
without debate. 

VI. Handling of Bills 

RULE 31. Reference to Committee. — Each bill, joint resolution, or House 
resolution not introduced on the report of a committee shall immediately upon its 
first reading be referred by the Speaker to such committee as he deems appropri- 
ate. 

RULE 32. Introduction of Bills and Resolutions. — (a) All bills and resolu- 
tions shall be introduced by submitting same to the Principal Clerk's office on the 
legislative day prior to the first reading and reference thereof according to the 
following schedule: by 8:30 o'clock p.m. each Monday, by 4:30 o'clock p.m. each 
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday and by 3:00 o'clock p.m. each Friday. 

(b) Every bill or resolution shall be read in regular order of business, ex- 
cept upon permission of the Speaker or on the report of a committee. 

(c) All bills and resolutions shall show in their caption a brief descriptive 
statement of the true substance of same, which captions may thereafter be amend- 
ed ; provided that third reading shall not be had on any bill or resolution on the 
same day that such caption is amended. 

(d) A Substitute Bill shall be covered with the same color jacket as the 
original bill and shall be prefaced as follows: 

"House Substitute for" or "House Committee Substitute for " 

(e) House Resolutions need not be read more than twice. 

RULE 33. Papers Addressed to the House. — Petitions, memorials and other 
papers addressed to the House shall be presented by the Speaker. A brief state- 
ment of the contents thereof may be orally made by the introducer before reference 
to a committee, but such papers shall not be debated or decided on the day of 
their first being read unless the House shall direct otherwise. 

RULE 24. Introduction of Resolutions and Bills, Copies Required. — (a) 
Whenever any resolution or bill is introduced, a duplicate copy thereof shall be 
attached thereto, and the Principal Clerk shall cause said duplicate copy to be 
numbered as the original resolution or bill is numbered, and shall cause the same 
to be available at all times to the member introducing the same. 

(b) Numbering of House Hills shall be designated as "H.B " (No fol- 
lowing). A Joint Resolution shall be designed as "H.J.R " (No following). 

A House Resolution shall be designated as "H.R " (No. following). 



448 North Carolina Manual 

(c) Whenever any resolution or bill is filed for introduction, it shall be in 
such form and have such copies accompanying same as designated by the Speaker, 
and any resolution or bill introduced without the required number of copies shall 
be immediately returned to the introducer. The Clerk shall stamp the copies with 
the number stamped upon the original bill. 

RULE 35. Duplicating of Bills. — The Legislative Services Officer shall cause 
such bills as are introduced to be duplicated in such numbers as may be specified 
by the Speaker. The Legislative Services Officer shall cause one copy of each 
resolution and public bill for each legislator to be delivered to his clerk or secre- 
tary who shall place it in the appropriate notebook on the legislator's desk. If a 
legislator so requests, a second copy shall be delivered to his clerk or secretary 
who shall place it in the legislator's office. The remaining copies shall be placed 
in the Printed Bills Room and made available to the committees to which the bill 
is referred, to individual legislators on request, and to the general public. 

RULE 36. Report by Committee. — All bills and resolutions shall be report- 
ed from the committee to which referred, with such recommendations as the com- 
mittee may desire to make except in the case where the principal introducer re- 
quests in writing to the chairman of the committee that the bill not be considered. 

(a) Favorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with the recommen- 
dation that it be passed, the bill shall be placed on the favorable calendar for the 
next succeeding legislative day; except that Committee Substitutes for bills shall 
be placed on the favorable calendar for the second next succeeding legislative day 
after adoption. 

(b) Report Without Prejudice. When a committee reports a bill without 
prejudice, the bill shall be placed on the favorable calendar. 

(c) Postponed Indefinitely. When a committee reports a bill with the recom- 
mendation that it be postponed indefinitely, and no minority report accompanies 
it, the bill shall be placed on the unfavorable calendar. 

(d) Unfavorable Report. When a committee reports a bill with the recom- 
mendation that it be not passed, and no minority report accompanies it, the bill 
shall be placed on the unfavorable calendar. 

(e) Minority Report. When a bill is reported by a committee with a recom- 
mendation that it be not passed or that it be postponed indefinitely, but it is ac- 
companied by a minority report signed by at least one-fourth ( J 4 ) of the mem- 
bers of the committee who were present and voting when the bill was considered 
in committee, the question before the House shall be: "The adoption of the minority 
report." If the minority report is adopted by majority vote, the bill shall be 
placed on the favorable calendar for consideration. If the minority report fails 
of adoption by a majority vote, the bill shall be placed on the unfavorable calendar. 

RULE 37. Removing Bill from Unfavorable Calendar.— A bill may be re- 
moved from the unfavorable calendar upon motion carried by a two-thirds ( % ) 
vote. A motion to remove a bill from the unfavorable calendar is not debatable; 
but the movant may, before making the motion, make a brief and concise state- 
ment, not more than five minutes in length, of the reasons for the motion. 



Legislative Branch 449 

RULE 38. Reports on Appropriation and Revenue Bills. — All committees, 
other than the Committee on Appropriations, when favorably reporting any bill 
which carries an appropriation from the State, shall indicate same in the report, 
and said bill shall be referred to the Committee on Appropriations for a further 
report before being acted upon by the House. All committees, other than the 
Committee on Finance, when favorably reporting any bill which in any way or 
manner raises revenue or levies a tax or authorizes the issue of bonds or notes, 
whether public, public-local, or private, shall indicate same in the report, and 
said bill shall be referred to the Committee on Finance for a further report before 
being acted upon by the House. 

RULE 39. Recall of Bill from Committee. — When a bill has been introduced 
and referred to a committee, if after 10 legislative days the committee has failed 
to report thereon, then the introducer of the bill or some member designated by 
him may, after three legislative days' public notice given in the House, on motion 
supported by a vote of two-thirds ( % ) of the members present and voting, recall 
the same from the committee to the floor of the House for consideration and such 
action thereon as a majority of the members present may direct. 

RULE 40. Calendars and Schedules of Business. — The Clerk of the House 
shall prepare a daily schedule of business, including the Calendar of Bills and 
Resolutions for consideration and debate that day, in accordance with the Order 
of Business of the Day (Rule 5). The Clerk shall number all bills and resolutions 
in the order in which they are introduced, and all bills and resolutions shall be 
taken up in their exact numerical order as they appear in each category; but the 
Committee on Rules and Operations of the House may at any time arrange the 
order of precedence in which bills may be considered. 

RULE 41. Readings of Bills. — (a) Every bill shall receive three readings 
in the House prior to its passage. The first reading and reference of the bill to 
committee shall occur on the next legislative day following its introduction, and 
the Speaker shall give notice at each subsequent reading whether it be the second 
or third reading. 

(b) No bill shall be read more than once on the same day without the con- 
currence of two-thirds ( % ) of the members present and voting. 

RULE 42. Effect of Defeated Bill.— (a.) Subject to the provisions of sub- 
section (b) of this Rule, after a bill has been tabled or has failed to pass on any 
of its readings, the contents of such bill or the principal provisions of its subject 
matter shall not be embodied in any other measure. Upon the point of order 
being raised and sustained by the Chair, such measure shall be laid upon the 
table, and shall not be taken therefrom except by a two-thirds (%) vote. 

(b) No local bill shall be held by the Chair to embody the provisions of or 
to be identical with any statewide measure which has been laid upon the table, 
or failed to pass any of its readings. 

RULE 43. Amendments and Riders. — No amendment or rider to a bill be- 
fore the House shall be in order unless such rider or amendment is germane to 
the bill under consideration. 



450 North Carolina Manual 

Only one principal (first degree) amendment shall be pending at any one 
time. If" a subsequent or substitute principal amendment shall be offered, the 
Speaker shall rule it out of order. However, any member desiring to offer a sub- 
sequent or substitute principal amendment in opposition to the pending amend- 
ment may inform the House by way of argument against the pending amendment 
that if it is defeated he proposes to offer another principal amendment, and he 
may then read and explain such proposed amendment. 

Perfecting (or second degree) amendments may be offered and considered 
without limitation as to number, and in the event of multiple perfecting amend- 
ments, they shall be voted upon in inverse order. 

RULE 44. Conference Committees. — (a) Whenever the House shall decline 
or refuse to concur in amendments put by the Senate to a bill originating in the 
House, or shall refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the Senate for a bill 
originating in the House or whenever the Senate shall decline or refuse to con- 
cur in amendments put by the House to a bill originating in the Senate or shall 
refuse to adopt a substitute adopted by the House for a bill originating in the 
Senate, a conference committee chairman and committee shall be appointed upon 
motion made, consisting of the number named in the motion; and the bill under 
consideration shall thereupon go to and be considered by the joint conferees on 
the part of the House and Senate. 

(b) Only such matters as are in diffei - ence between the two houses shall be 
considered by the conferees, and the conference report shall not be amended and 
may be made by a majority of the House members of such conference committee. 

VII. Legislative Officers and Employees 

RULE 45. Elected Officers. — (a) The House shall elect one of its members 
Speaker. 

(b) The House shall elect one of its members Speaker pro tempore who 
shall perform such duties as the Speaker may assign and shall preside over the 
House in the absence or incapacity of the Speaker and shall perform all of the 
duties of the Speaker until such time the Speaker may assume the Chair. 

(c) The House shall elect a Principal Clerk, a Reading Clerk and a Ser- 
geant-at-Arms, each of whom shall have and perform such duties and responsi- 
bilities not inconsistent with these Rules as the Speaker may assign. The Principal 
Clerk shall continue in office until another is elected. 

RULE 46. Assistants to Principal Clerk and Sergcant-at-Arms. — The 
Principal Clerk and the Sergeant-at-Arms may appoint, with the approval of the 
Speaker, such assistants as may be necessary to the efficient discharge of the 
duties of their respective offices. 

RULE 47. Speaker's Clerk, Chaplain, and Pages. — (a) The Speaker may 
appoint one or more clerks to the Speaker, a Chaplain of the House, and pages 
to wait upon the sessions of the House. 

(b) When the House is not in session, the pages shall be under the super- 
vision of the Supervisor of Pages. 



Legislative Branch 451 

(c) No member may have more than 10 persons designated as honorary pages. 

RULE 48. Committee Clerks and Secretaries. — (a) Each committee shall 
have a clerk. The clerk to a committee shall serve as secretary to the chairman 
of that committee. 

(b) Each member shall be assigned a secretary, unless he has a committee 
clerk to serve as his secretary. 

(c) The selection and retention of clerks and secretaries shall be the sole 
prerogative of the individual member or members. Such clerks and secretaries 
shall file initial applications for employment with the Legislative Services Office 
and shall receive compensation as prescribed by the Legislative Services Com- 
mission. The employment period of clerks and secretaries shall commence not 
earlier than the convening date of the General Assembly and shall terminate not 
later than final adjournment or recess of the General Assembly unless employ- 
ment for an extended period is approved by the Speaker. The clerks and secre- 
taries shall adhere to such uniform rules and regulations not inconsistent with 
these Rules regarding hours and other conditions of employment as the Legislative 
Services Commission shall fix by appropriate regulations. 

RULE 49. Compensation of Clerks and Secretaries. — No clerk, laborer, or 
other person employed or appointed under Rules 47, 48, and 49 hereof shall re- 
ceive during such employment, appointment, or service, any compensation from 
any department of the State government, and there shall not be voted, paid or 
awarded any additional pay, bonus or gratuity to any of them, but they shall re- 
ceive only the pay now provided by law for such duties and services. 

VIII. Privileges of the Hall 

RULE 50. Admittance to Floor.- — No person except members, officers and 
employees of the General Assembly and former members of the General Assem- 
bly who are not registered under the provisions of Article 9 of Chapter 120 of 
the General Statutes of North Carolina shall be allowed on the floor of the House 
during its session, unless permitted by the Speaker or otherwise provided by law. 

RULE 51. Admittance of Pi-ess. — Reporters wishing to take down debates 
may be admitted by the Speaker, who shall assign such places to them on the 
floor or elsewhere, to effect this object, as shall not interfere with the convenience 
of the House. 

RULE 52. Extending Courtesies. — Courtesies of the floor, galleries or lobby 
shall only be extended at the discretion of the Speaker. 

RULE 53. Order in Galleries and Lobby. — In case of any disturbance or 
disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobby, the Speaker or other presiding officer 
is empowered to order the same to be cleared. 

IX. General Rules 

RULE 54. Attendance of Members. — No member or officer of the House 
shall absent himself from the service of the House without leave, unless from 
sickness or disability. 



452 North Carolina Manual 

RULE 55. Documents to be Signed by the Speaker. — All acts, addresses, 
and resolutions and all warrants and subpoenas issued by order of the House 
shall be signed by the Speaker or other presiding officer. 

RULE 56. There shall be no printing or reproducing of paper (s) that are 
not legislative in essence except upon approval of the Speaker. 

RULE 57. Placement of Material on Members' Desks. — Persons other than 
members of the General Assembly, officers or staff thereof shall not place or cause 
to be placed any materials on members' desks without obtaining approval of the 
Speaker. Any printed material so placed shall bear the name of the originator. 

RULE 58. Rules, Rescission and Alternation. — (a) No standing rule or order 
shall be rescinded or altered without one day's notice given on the motion thereof, 
and to sustain such motion two-thirds ( % ) of the members present and voting 
shall be required. 

(b) Except as otherwise provided herein, the House upon two-thirds (%) 
vote of the members present and voting may temporarily suspend any rule. 

RULE 59. Limitation o>i Co-sponsorship of Bills and Resolutions. — -Any 
member wishing to co-sponsor a bill or resolution which has been introduced may 
do so by appearing in the office of the Principal Clerk for such purpose within 
one-half hour following the adjournment of the session during which such bill or 
resolution was first read and referred. 

RULE 60. Correcting of Typographical Errors. — The Legislative Services 
Officer may correct typographical errors appearing in House bills or resolutions 
povided that such corrections are made before ratification and do not conflict with 
any actions or rules of the Senate and provided further that such correction be ap- 
proved by the Chairman of the Rules Committee, the Speaker or other presiding 
officer. 

RULE 61. Except as herein set out the rules of the House of Representatives 
of Congress shall govern the operation of the House. 



Legislative Branch 



453 




CLYDE LOWELL BALL 

LEGISLATIVE SERVICES OFFICER 

Clyde Lowell Ball, Legislative Services Officer, was born in Rutherford, 
Tennessee, October 12, 1916. Son of Clyde L. Ball and Zula Norvell Ball. Attended 
Mason Hall High School, Kenton, Tennessee, 1928-32. Memphis State University, 
1932-36, B.S. Degree; Vanderbilt University, 1936-37, M.A. Degree; Vanderbilt 
University, 1946-49, J.D. Degree. Full-time State Official. Tennessee Bar Associa- 
tion. Literary Productions: The General Assembly of North Carolina; Articles 
in Vanderbilt Law Review, Best's Insurance Reports, Tennessee Historical Society 
Magazine. Assistant Professor of Law, Vanderbilt University, 1953-55; Visiting 
Assistant Professor of Law and Assistant Director, Legislative Drafting Research 
Fund, Columbia University, 1955-56; Professor of Public Law and Government 
and Assistant Director, Institute of Government, University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill, 1956-64; Professor of Law, Memphis State University, 1964-70; 
Editor-in-Chief, Vanderbilt Law Review, 1948-49, Faculty editor 1953-55; Order 
of the Coif, 1949, Founders' Medalist, Vanderbilt University School of Law. Cap- 
tain — Field Artillery, September 1942-September 1946. Member Episcopal Church. 
Married Lyda (White) Ball May 31, 1952. Children: Michael Lee Ball, 21; Edward 
Lewis Ball, 19; Clyde Lowell Ball, Jr., 17; and Celeste White Ball, 13. Address: 
1051 Iredell Drive, Raleigh. 



Executive Branch 455 

Chapter Two 
THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH 



OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR 

JAMES EUBERT HOLSHOUSER, JR. 

GOVERNOR OF NORTH CAROLINA 

James Eubert Holshouser, Jr., Republican, was elected Governor November 
7, 1972, and was inaugurated January 5, 1973. He was born in Boone, North Caro- 
lina, October 8, 1934, the son of James Eubert and Virginia (Day vault) Hols- 
houser. He attended Appalachian High School, 1948-1952; Davidson College, 1956, 
B.S. degree; University of North Carolina Law School, 1960, L.L.B. degree. 
Lawyer. Member Phi Delta Theta Social Fraternity; Phi Alpha Delta Law Fra- 
ternity; Boone Jaycees; national winner of Jaycee Freedom Guard Award, 1971; 
Watauga County's Young Man of the Year, 1964. Memberships (past and present) 
include Board of Directors, Davidson College Alumni Association; Board of Visi- 
tors, Lees McRae College; Board of Directors, UNC Law Alumni Association; 
Board of Directors, Southern Appalachian Historical Association; Advisory 
Board, Regional Mental Health Authority; Mountain Scenic Economic Develop- 
ment Commission; Committee on Court Study, North Carolina Bar Association; 
Chairman, Southern Regional Education Board; Co-Chairman, Coastal Plains 
Regional Commission; Executive Committee, National Governors Conference; 
Campaign Chairman, Republican Governors Association. Chairman, Republican 
State Executive Committee, 1966-72. Representative in the General Assembly of 
1963, 1965, 1969, and 1971. Presbyterian: Deacon. Married Patricia Hollings- 
worth, 1961. One daughter, Virginia Walker Holshouser. 

Office Personnel 

Governor James E. Holshouser, Jr Watauga 

Personal Secretary Ann Shore Watauga 

Administrative Assistant Phillip J. Kirk, Jr Rowan 

Special Assistant Gene Anderson ... Wake 

Special Assistantfor 

Minority Affairs Dr. Larnie Horton Chatham 

Special Assistant for 

Appointments M. Laney Funderburk, Jr Durham 

News Secretary Jack S. Childs Buncombe 

Legal Counsel Samuel H. Long, III Wake 

Budget Officer Rowena S. Piner Wake 




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Executive Branch 457 

THE OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR 

The office of the governor is the oldest governmental office in North Carolina. 
The first governor of land in North Carolina was Ralph Lane, who served 
as governor of Sir Walter Raleigh's first colony on Roanoke Island (1585). The 
first permanent governor was William Drummond, appointed by William Berkely, 
Governor of Virginia and one of the Lords Proprietors, at the request of his col- 
leagues. During the colonial period governors were appointed by either the Lords 
Proprietors — prior to 1729 — or the Crown. These people served at the pleasures of 
their appointers, usually until a governor died or resigned, although there were 
several instances when other factors were involved. When a regularly appointed 
governor, for whatever reason, could no longer perform his function as chief 
executive, either the president of the council, or the deputy, or lieutenant governor, 
took over until a new governor was appointed and qualified. Following our in- 
dependence in 1776, and the adoption of our first State Constitution, the governor 
was elected by the two houses of the general assembly and served no more than 
three years in any six. He was elected to serve a one-year term and had relatively 
little power. 

In 1835 with the clamors for a more democratic form of government being 
felt in Raleigh, a constitutional convention was called to amend certain sections 
of the constitution. One of the amendments provided for the popular election of 
the governor every two years; however, little was done to increase his authority 
in any area other than that of appointments. In 1868 a second constitution was 
adopted by the State of North Carolina which reflected the principals resulting 
from the Civil War. Under provisions in this new constitution, the governor's 
term of office was expanded from two to four years, and his duties and powers 
were greatly expanded. 

Today North Carolina is governed by her third constitution and while several 
changes were made in its content, the Article dealing with the executive branch, 
and the governor in particular, remain basically in tact. In recent years there 
has been a growing concern over two basic omissions in the powers of the governor 
as found in our Constitution. The primary of these is the veto power over 
legislation passed by the general assembly — North Carolina is the only state 
which does not allow its governor any veto power. The second is the right of a 
governor to secede himself. 

In 1972, the Office of the Governor was created as one of the 19 major de- 
partments of State government. Under his immediate jurisdiction are such as- 
sistants and personnel as he may need to carry out the functions as chief executive 
of the State. In North Carolina, the governor is not only the state's chief execu- 
tive, but he is also the director of the budget, with responsibilities for all phases 
of budgeting from the initial preparation to final execution; he is commander-in- 
chief of the state military; and he is chairman of the Council of State, which he 
may convene at any time for advice on allotments from the Contingency and 
Emergency Fund and for the disposition of state property. He also has the au- 
thority to convene the general assembly into extra session should affairs of the 
state dictate such a move. The governor is directed by the North Carolina Con- 
stitution to "take care" that all state laws are faithfully executed. He has the 
power to grant pardons and commutations; issue extradition warrants and re- 



458 North Carolina Manual 

quests; join interstate compacts; and reorganize and consolidate state agencies. 
The governor has final authority over all expenditures of the state, and he is 
also responsible for the administration of all funds and loans from the federal 
government. At the start of each regular session of the general assembly, the 
governor delivers legislative and budgetary messages to the legslators. To help 
him carry out his administrative duties and run his office the governor has several 
assistants. 

Administrative Assistant to the Governors 

The Administrative Assistant to the Governor serves as the chief of staff 
for the rest of the personnel in the office. It is his duty to see that the office func- 
tions smoothly and that the right decisions are made to insure this. Communica- 
tions for the governor, either by telephone or correspondence, are often handled 
by him and then either answered or directed to the proper person. The admini- 
strative assistant must also serve as secretary to the Council of State, and as 
liaison between the Cabinet and Council of State and the Governor. He also is 
responsible for setting up part of the governor's schedule, for advising the governor 
on various matters of state, and sometimes serves as the governor's representative 
at special events which the governor himself cannot attend. In addition to his 
duties in the office, he also serves on the Educational Commission of the States and 
the Governor's Policy Council. In short, anything and everything which is a part 
of the daily life of the Office of the Governor is his responsibility. 

Special Assistant for Appointments 

As North Carolina's chief executive, the Governor has the responsibility 
for making appointments to more than 250 statutory bodies and to approximately 
35 non-statutory advisory groups created or required by federal legislation, execu- 
tive orders, or the by-laws of private organizations. He is likewise responsible 
for filling vacancies in some elective offices. To assist him in performing these 
duties, the Governor's appointments officer receives recommendations, researches 
qualifications and requirements, maintains records, and provides liaison with as- 
sociations, agencies, and interested individuals and groups. Through these func- 
tions, the appointments office provides information and advice to the Governor 
on matters relating to his powers of appointment. 

Special Assistant for Minority Affairs 

The special assistant for minority affairs is responsible for bringing to the 
attention of the governor the needs, issues and problems of minority people in 
North Carolina, and to advise the governor on practical and policy decisions 
through which these needs, issues and problems can be met. Daily correspondence 
and occasionally personal meetings between minority leaders and the governor are 
arranged by this special assistant who tries to keep as many channels of communi- 
cations open between the Office of the Governor and Minority groups. He also 
tries to recruit and place qualified minority persons in salaried and non-salaried 
positions on all levels of state government, 



Executive Branch 459 

Legal Counsel to the Governor 

The Legal Counsel to the Governor is appointed by the Governor to assist 
and advise him on legal matters and obligations relating to the office of the Gov- 
ernor. Specifically he is delegated the responsibility of investigating the merits 
of requests for pardons, commutations, reprieves, extradition, rewards, and pay- 
ment of legal fees charged the State, and reporting to the Governor those findings 
for his consideration. He is available to the public to assist them with problems 
relating to state government in areas where the Governor has jurisdiction. The 
Legal Counsel researches the legality and contents of executive orders, partici- 
pates in structuring the Governor's legislative program and budget, is involved 
with inter-departmental program coordination and advises the Governor on 
general policy issues. 



Executive Branch 461 

OFFICE OF THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR 

JAMES B. HUNT, JR. 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR 

James B. Hunt, Jr., Democrat of Wilson County, was born May 16, 1937 in 
Greensboro. Son of James B. Hunt and Elsie (Brame) Hunt. Graduated Rock 
Ridge High School, Wilson County; North Carolina State University, B.S. in 
Agricultural Education and M.S. in Agricultural Economics; University of North 
Carolina Law School, J.D. While at NCSU served two terms as Student Govern- 
ment President, was chosen "Outstanding Senior" in 1959, and edited the Agri- 
culturalist, the student publication of the School of Agriculture and Life Sciences. 
Thesis for M.S., "Acreage Controls and Poundage Controls: Their Effects on 
Most Profitable Production Practices for Flue Cured Tobacco," was chosen as 
one of three best in the U.S. and Canada in 1963 by the American Farm Eco- 
nomic Association. National college director for the Democratic National Com- 
mittee, 1962-63. In 1964 went to Nepal to serve two years as Economic Advisor 
to the government of that nation. Elected President of Wilson Young Democratic 
Club in 1967; President of North Carolina YDC in 1968. Delegate to the 1968 
National Democratic Convention. Author of the N. C. Democratic precinct man- 
ual "Rally Around the Precinct." Appointed Assistant State Party Chairman in 
1969. Elected Lieutenant Governor on November 7, 1972. Vice-Chairman of the 
Council on State Goals and Policy; Member of the Land Policy Council and the 
State Youth Advisory Council. Past President of the Coastal Plains Development 
Association, a director of the NCSU Foundation, Inc., director of the NCSU 
Alumni Association, member NCSU Public Relations Committee. Former mem- 
ber Wilson Sertoma Club, Jaycees, Wilson Good Neighbor Council. Received 
Wilson Jaycees' Distinguished Service Award for 1969. Member and elder, First 
Presbyterian Church of Wilson; former deacon, chairman of Youth Division of 
the Education Commission, and assistant Sunday School teacher. Married Carolyn 
Leonard of Mingo, Iowa. Four children: Rebecca, Baxter, Rachel and Elizabeth. 
Home address, Lucama. 

Office Personnel 

Lieutenant Governor James B. Hunt, Jr Wilson 

Administrative Assistant J. Paul Essex, Jr Wake 

Special Assistant Joseph W. Grimsley Wake 





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Executive Branch 463 

THE OFFICE OF THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR 

During the Colonial period, William Tryon was the only person to hold a 
commission specifically as lieutenant governor — although many others were ap- 
pointed "deputy" governors by both the Lords Proprietors and by the crown. 
When independence was declared in 1776, no provisions for a lieutenant governor 
were incorporated into the first Constitution. The office of lieutenant governor was 
created for the first time as a state office with the adoption of the Constitution of 
North Carolina of 1868. 

Today the lieutenant governor is a constitutional officer, elected to a four 
year term by the citizens of North Carolina. He is a member of the Council of 
State, President of the North Carolina Senate, and a member of the State Board 
of Education. Under the laws of North Carolina, he is a member of the Commis- 
sion on Interstate Cooperation, the Commission on Indian Affairs, the State Con- 
struction Finance Authority, and the North Carolina Capital Planning Commis- 
sion. He also performs such other duties as may be assigned him by the governor 
or the general assembly. At the request of the governor he is vice chairman of the 
Council on State Goals and Policy and a member of the North Carolina Land 
Policy Council. 

Until recently, the lieutenant governor was a part time official restricted in 
duties and authority. A 1970 constitutional amendment made the lieutenant 
governor a full-time state official, and the Executive Organization Act of 1971 
established an office for the lieutenant governor, effective January 1, 1973. 

The lieutenant governor's primary responsibility is serving as president of 
the North Carolina Senate. He is the presiding officer and is empowered to ap- 
point all committees (regular or select), as well as committee chairmen and vice 
chairman; to appoint and supervise pages; to supervise certain activities of the 
sergeant-at-arms; to appoint clerks to committees that need this assistance; 
and to supervise certain activities of the disbursing clerk. 

As a member of the State Board of Education, the lieutenant governor rep- 
resents the citizens of the state in the formulation and adoption of educational 
policies and budgets for the Department of Public Instruction and the Depart- 
ment of Community Colleges. 



Executive Branch 465 



DEPARTMENT OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE 

THAD EURE 

SECRETARY OF STATE 

Thad Eure, Democrat, of Hertford County, was born November 15, 1899, in 
Gates County, N. C. Son of Tazewell A. and Armecia (Langstun) Eure. Attended 
Gatesville High School, 1913-1917; University of North Carolina, 1917-1919; 
University Law School, 1921-1922; Doctor of Laws (honorary), Elon College, 
1958. Lawyer. Mayor of Winton, 1923-1928. County attorney for Hertford 
County, 1923-1931. Member of General Assembly of 1929, representing Hertford 
County. Principal Clerk of the House of Representatives, Sessions of 1931, 1933, 
and 1935, and Extra Session, 1936. Presidential Elector First District of North 
Carolina, 1932. Escheats Agent, University of North Carolina, 1933-1936. Elected 
Secretary of State in the General Election of November 3, 1936, and assumed 
duties of the office December 21, 1936, by virtue of executive appointment, ten days 
prior to the commencement of constitutional term, on account of a vacancy that 
then occurred. Re-elected Secretary of State in General Elections of 1940, 1944, 
1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, and 1972. President, Ahoskie Kiwanis Club, 
1927. Theta Chi Fraternity; Junior Order; B.P.O. Elks and a Grand Lodge Chair 
Officer, 1956; T.P.A. ; Chairman Board of Trustees, Elon College; American 
Legion, Forty and Eight; President, National Association of Secretaries of State, 
1942, and became the Dean in 1961. Keynote speaker, Democratic State Conven- 
tion, 1950, and Permanent Chairman, 1962. United Church of Christ. Married 
Minta Banks of Winton, N. C, November 15, 1924. Of this union there are two 
children, a daughter and a son, Mrs. Norman Black, Jr., and Thai Eure, Jr. 
Seven grandchildren. Votes in Winton, Hertford County, N. C. Official address, 
State Capitol, Raleigh; Resides at 2345 New Bern Avenue., Raleigh. 



Department Personnel 

Secretary of State Thad Eure Hertford 

Deputy Secretary of State Clyde Smith Wake 

Corporations Attorney Jack B. Styles Wake 

Securities Deputy William W. Coppedge Wake 

Notary Public Officer Susan Lobinger Wake 

U.C.C. Filing Officer Charles W. Moore Wake 

Director of Publications John L. Cheney, Jr Wake 

Budget Officer Judy M. Hawley Wake 





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Executive Branch 467 

THE DEPARTMENT OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE 

The office of secretary is the second oldest governmental office in North Caro- 
lina. Shortly after the Lords Proprietors were granted their charter, the first 
secretary was appointed to maintain the records of the colony. The office con- 
tinued to function following the purchase of North Carolina by the Crown in 
1728. Following independence, the office of secretary of state was created in a 
special resolution and was later incorporated into the Constitution of 1776; and 
except for expansion as new responsibilities were assigned it, it has remained 
one of the primary constitutional offices of state government. 

Today, the Secretary of State is a constitutional officer elected to a four-year 
term by the general citizenry. He heads the Department of the Secretary of State 
which was created by the Executive Organization Act of 1971. The Secretary of 
State is a member of the Council of State which must approve acquisitions and 
conveyances of state lands and allotments from the Contingency and Emergency 
Fund. He is ex officio member of the Local Government Commission and Capital 
Planning Commission. He is required by law to attend every session of the Gen- 
eral Assembly to receive bills which have become laws and to perform other duties 
prescribed by resolution of either or both Houses. He assigns seats to members 
of both Houses by Resolution of the 1939 General Assembly, and convenes the 
House of Representatives; presiding until a Speaker is elected. The original 
Journals of each House are delivered to him for preservation. He is empowered 
by law to administer oaths to any public official of whom an oath is required, and 
he is frequently called upon to administer oaths to officers of the Highway Patrol 
and similar agencies. 

The purpose and objective of the Department of the Secretary of State is 
to faithfully perform the duties assigned to the Secretary of State by the Con- 
stitution and laws of the State of North Carolina. The Department of the Secre- 
tary of State is charged with the duty of maintaining certain records pertaining 
to state and local government actions and the commercial activity of private busi- 
ness. This duty is imposed by widely scattered sections of the General Statutes 
of North Carolina and involves varying degrees of responsibility to review the 
documents for conformity to statutory requirements prior to filing. The Depart- 
ment has responsibilities under approximately fifty separate statutes which may 
be divided into categories dealing with custodianship of the Constitution and 
laws of the State, administrative commercial law, the elective process, the Gen- 
eral Assembly and public information. 

The management functions of the Department are the responsibility of the 
Secretary of State and his Deputy. In addition, miscellaneous statutory duties 
and responsibilities not mentioned above which are not assigned to one of the 
Departmental Divisions are performed by the Secretary of State or Deputy Sec- 
retary of State. These functions include: countersigning all commissions issued 
by the Governor; attesting all documents issued in the name of the state; assign- 
ing seats to members of General Assembly ; in convening the House of Repre- 
sentatives; receiving and preserving original laws of the General Assembly and 
furnishing certified copies thereof. The reason for each specific function varies, 
but basic to the majority is the right of citizens to information about their gov- 
ernment. The Department of the Secretary of State serves as a cenral source of 
public information on a continuing basis. 



468 North Carolina Manual 

Deputy Secretary of State 

The Deputy Secretary of State has responsibility for registration of trade- 
marks and service marks and the filing of municipal annexation ordinances. The 
processing of summons and complaints served on the Secretary of State on be- 
half of corporations which cannot be served with process otherwise is under his 
supervision. Registration of Lobbyists, the filing of their letters of authority and 
expense are under the direct supervision of the Secretary of State and, in his 
absence, the Deputy Secretary of State. 

During 1974, 210 Trademarks were either registered or renewed and 225 
lobbyist registered. Also during the 1973-74 Session of the General Assembly, 
1688 Ratified Acts and resolutions were received. 

Corporation Division 

A corporation is a legal entity created under the authority of the laws of the 
State which enjoys the capacity of perpetual succession, the ability to act as a 
single unit and limited liability for its stockholders or members. The various 
corporation laws of the State of North Carolina are enabling statutes under 
which a corporation may be organized and continue to exist, control its internal 
affairs and determine its relation with the State while its existence continues. 
The responsibility of the Secretary of State is to insure uniform compliance with 
such statutes, record information required as a public record, prevent duplica- 
tion of corporate names and furnish information to the public. 

During 1974, 5232 domestic business corporations were formed and 875 foreign 
corporations admitted in North Carolina. 

Uniform Commercial Code Division 

Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code provides a method for giving in- 
terested third parties adequate notice of security interests in personal property. 
The method adopted is a "notice" filing system, the objective of which is to ap- 
prise interested third parties of the fact of possible adverse interest, leaving to 
inquiry of the debtor the ascertainment of the extent and terms of existence of 
the interest. 

The Secretary of State, as central filing officer, receives and files Financing 
Statements and related "notice" statements and furnishes information about such 
filings. He is also central filing officer for Federal Tax Liens which are handled 
in the same manner as UCC filings. Finance Statements are generally effective 
for five years and may be continued within six months of their expiration for an 
additional five year period. 

Securities Division 

The primary purpose of the North Carolina Securities Law is to protect the 
general public from "wildcat" organizers, promoters and unscrupulous persons, 
whether foreign or domestic, preying upon an unsuspecting and confiding public 



Executive Branch 469 

by selling worthless securities. This purpose is achieved through the formulating 
administrative rules, examination and registration of securities prior to sale, 
licensing of securities salesmen and dealers, investigation and prosecution where 
there is violation of Securities Law, cooperation with the Securities and Exchange 
Commission, Department of Justice, and other state and federal government 
agencies, participation in conferences of the National Association of Securities 
Administrators; information presentations to the industry and civic groups. 

Between April 1, 1974 and March 31, 1975 there were 375 Securities Issues 
Cleared, 164 Securities Issues Withdrawn, 3982 Salesmen licensed, and 287 
Dealers licensed. 

Publications Division 

The primary purpose of the Publications division is to compile and publish 
information useful to the General Assembly, State Agencies and the public; to 
maintain for public inspection certain records required to be kept in the custody 
of the Secretary of State and to distribute publications of the General Assembly. 
This is achieved through the publishing of the Election Returns, the Directory of 
State and County Officials and The North Carolina Manual; maintenance of files 
of rules and regulations of state agencies and examining boards; assisting re- 
searchers in the records of North Carolina Land Grants; and through sale and 
distribution of the Session Laws, House Journal, and Senate Journal. 

During 1973 and 1974 nearly 4000 copies of the 1973 North Carolina Manual, 
6500 copies of the Directory of State and County Officials (Two editions) and 700 
copies of North Carolina Election Returns, 1972 were distributed to public officials, 
schools and the general public. Also, during the same two-year period our land 
grants section handled more than 2500 pieces of correspondence and entertained 
more than 1000 visitors. 

Notary Public Division 

The function of issuing commissions to Notaries Public was transferred to 
the Secretary of State from the Governor under the Executive Organization Act 
of 1971. 

The purpose of the Notary Public Division is to provide a convenient means 
for establishing the authenticity of certain documents. This is accomplished 
through the issuing of commissions to Notaries Public in the several counties of 
the State. 

During 1974, 10,000 Notary Public Commissions were issued, and 25 com- 
plaints were investigated. 



Executive Branch 471 

DEPARTMENT OF THE STATE AUDITOR 

HENRY LEE BRIDGES 

STATE AUDITOR 

Henry Lee Bridges, Democrat, was born in Franklin County, N. C, June 10, 
1907. Son of John Joseph and Ida Loraine (Carroll) Bridges. Attended Wakelon 
High School, 1914-1920; Wiley School, Raleigh, 1921; Wakelon High Schoolo, 1922; 
Millbrook High School, 1923-1925; Mars Hill Junior College, A.B. degree, 1929; 
Wake Forest College, B.A. degree, 1931; Wake Forest Law School, 1932-1933. 
Attorney-at-law. Member of the Greensboro Bar Association; N. C. State Bar. 
Deputy Clerk, Superior Court of Guilford County, August, 1935-September, 1940; 
December, 1941-October, 1942; December, 1945-June 1, 1946. (Break in dates 
caused by Military Service.) Secretary and Treasurer, Guilford County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, 1933-1940. President National Association of State 
Auditors, Comptrollers and Treasurers, 1957; Executive Director National As- 
sociation of State Auditors, Comptrollers and Treasurers, 1958-1969. Member 
and Past Master of Greensboro Lodge No. 76 Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. 
Choraz in Chapter No. 13 Royal Arch Masons; Ivanhoe Commandery No. 8 
Knights Templar; Sudan Temple A. A. O.N. M.S. ; Societas Roesecrucians in Civi- 
tatibs Foederatis; Raleigh Lions Club. Enlisted in National Guard May, 1934, as 
a Private; promoted to Sergeant, February, 1935; commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant, June 18, 1935; commissioned First Lieutenant November 18, 1939; pro- 
moted to Captain, January 28, 1943, to Major on inactive status, January 17, 1947. 
Entered Federal Service, September 16, 1940; released from active duty Novem- 
ber 2, 1941; recalled to active duty October 7, 1942; relieved from active duty 
December 14, 1945. Veteran World War II, Post No. 53 American Legion Local; 
Local No. 506 Forty and Eight. Life Deacon, Hayes Barton Baptist Church; 
member Board of Trustees Wake Forest College, 1949-1952, 1955-1958, 1960- 
1963, 1965-1968, 1970-1973, and Southeastern Baptist Seminary, 1968-. Ap- 
pointed State Auditor February 15, 1947; elected four-year term 1948; re-elected 
1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, and 1972. Married Clarice Hines, December 12, 1936. 
Two children: Joseph Henry, age 30, George Hines, age 27. Home address: 2618 
Grant Ave., Raleigh. 

Department Personnel 

State Auditor Henry L. Bridges Guilford 

Deputy State Auditors Lee Bowman Wake 

John Buchan Wake 

Auditing Division Carlyle Craven, Director Wake 

Accounting Systems Division ....Bradley Buie, Director Wake 

Firemans' Pension Fund Joseph L. Sommerlin, Jr., 

Executive Director Wake 

Law Enforcement Officers 

Benefit Retirement Fund Henry G. McFayden, Executive Secretary .. Wake 

State Board of Pensions Henry L. Bridges, Director Guilford 



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Executive Branch 473 

DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUDITOR 

The office of State Auditor was created by the Constitution of 1868, although 
the office of "Auditor of Public Accounts" had existed since 18G2. Today, the 
State Auditor is a constitutional officer elected by the people every four years. 
It is the duty of his office to conduct annual audits of the financial affairs of all 
state agencies and such other special audits as may be requested by the governor, 
Advisory Budget Commission, or when, he feels an audit is warranted. In order 
to insure that accounting systems used in the various state agencies are efficient 
he conducts surveys and make changes when necessary. Also under his jurisdic- 
tion is the administration of the Fire's Pension Fund, the Law Enforcement 
Officers' Benefit and Retirement Fund, and the State Board of Pensions. 

In addition to his duties as the state's financial watchdog, the State Auditor 
has several other duties assigned to him by virtue of his office. He is a member 
of the Council of State, the Capitol Planning Commission, the Local Government 
Commission and the State Pension Board as well as ex officio chairman of the 
Law Enforcement Officers' Benefit and Retirement Fund and ex officio member 
of the Firmen's Pension Fund. 

The Department of State Auditor is divided into the following divisions: 
General Administration, Auditing Division, Accounting Systems Division, Fire- 
men's Pension Fund Division, Law Enforcement Officers' Benefit and Retire- 
ment Fund Division, and the State Board of Pensions. 

General Administration 

This Division or Section, under the direct supervision of the State Auditor 
and his deputies, handles all administrative matters, personnel, budget, over- 
all planning, and coordination of activities for all functions assigned to the State 
Auditor by statute or under the Reorganization of State Government. 

Auditing Division 

The State Auditor is responsible for conducting a thorough post audit 
of the receipts, expenditures and fiscal transactions of each and every state agency 
which in any manner handles state funds. A state agency is defined to mean any 
state department, institution, board, commission, official or officer of the state. 
This post audit is to be conducted annually. In addition to the annual audit, the 
auditor shall conduct special investigations upon written requests from the Gov- 
ernor, Advisory Budget Commission or whenever he deems that such an exami- 
nation is necessary. Upon the completion of each audit or investigation, the 
Auditor shall report his findings and recommendations to the Advisory Budget 
Commission, the Governor, the head of the state agency and all other interested 
parties. In addition to auditing all general and special fund accounts, the Audi- 
tor is required to audit federal programs handled by state agencies. The auditing 
of federal programs require a great deal of time. 

The Auditor is independent of any fiscal control exercised by the Director of 
the Budget (Governor) or the Budget Division. He is responsible to the Ad- 
visory Budget Commission, the General Assembly and the people of North Caro- 
lina for the efficient and faithful exercise of his duties and responsibilities. 



474 North Carolina Manual 

Accounting Systems Division 

The Accounting Systems Division under the direction of the State Auditor 
may, as often as he deems advisable, conduct a detailed review of the bookkeep- 
ing and accounting systems in use in the various departments, institutions, com- 
missions, boards and agencies which are supported partially or entirely from 
State funds. Such examinations would be for the purpose of evaluating the 
adequacy of systems in use by these agencies and institutions. In instances where 
the Auditor determines that existing systems are outmoded, inefficient or other- 
wise inadequate, he shall prescribe and supervise the installation of such changes, 
as, in his judgment appear necessary to secure and maintain internal control and 
facilitate the recording of accounting data for the purpose of preparing reliable 
and meaningful financial statements and reports. In all cases in which major 
changes in the accounting systems are made, he will be responsible for seeing 
that the new system is designed to accumulate information required for the prep- 
aration of budget reports and other financial records required by the Budget 
Division of the Department of Administration. In instances in which depart- 
ments, institutions, boards, commissions and agencies feel it desirable to revise 
or alter existing accounting systems, said agencies or institutions shall request 
the Auditor to make a survey of their systems for the purpose of seeing if such 
a change is desirable, including the advisability of purchasing or renting ac- 
counting equipment. Requisitions for the purchase of accounting equipment or 
contracts for the rental of accounting equipment for any state department, in- 
stitution, or agency shall be approved by the Auditor. 

Fireman's Pension Fund Division 

The Firemen's Pension Fund operates under the provisions of G.S. 118-18. 
The Fund has a Board of Trustees which is responsible for formulating Rules 
and Regulations within the framework of the statutes, for the efficient and effec- 
tive operation of the Fund. The State Auditor is responsible for day to day 
operation of the Fund. 

The Fund was created for the purpose of providing firemen with a small 
monthly pension. Membership is open to all firemen, both paid and volunteer, 
of a certified or rated fire department. Each member pays into the Fund $5.00 
per month to help finance the pension program. In addition to the member's 
contribution, the State appropriates approximately $500.00 annually. This plus 
the interest the fund receives from its investments finances the program. 

At age 55 with 20 years service a Fireman may retire and receive a monthly 
pension of $36.00. The maximum pension is $50.00 a month for a fireman who 
retires at age 65. 

Law Enforcement Officers' Benefit and Retirement Fund Division 

The Law Enforcement Officers' Benefit and Retirement Fund operates under 
the provisions of G.A., 143-166 and provides for qualified law enforcement of- 
ficers employed by the State of North Carolina or any political subdivisions 
thereof a benfit and a retirement program. A Board of Commissioners is re- 
sponsible for formulating Rules and Regulations under which the funds operate. 



Executive Branch 475 

Membership in the Retirement Fund is optional on the part of law enforce- 
ment officers and all members contribute 5% of salary to a membership account. 
Employers may contribute for the member's credit at any rate not to exceed 159c 
of salary and approximately 85% of the present membership has some form of 
employer contributions made on their behalf. 

Upon meeting certain requirements, members of the Retirement Fund are 
entitled to monthly retirement benefits based on age at retirement and total 
monies accumulated to the individual's credit. 

The separate Benefit Fund provides, at no cost of qualified law enforcement 
officers, a form of disability income if the officer becomes totally disabled. In 
addition, a benefit is paid to a designated beneficiary in the event of the officer's 
death. These benefits are provided from certain receipts through the courts of 
North Carolina and eligibility for participation. Benefits available are in fixed 
amounts, but all benefits are subject to change by the Board of Commissioners 
at any time that the overall experience of the Fund so dictates. 

The Fund also provides for the payment of certain benefits in the event of 
accidental death of any law enforcement officer employed by the State of North 
Carolina or any political subdivisions thereof while in the actual performance 
of duty. These benefits consist of a widow's allowance of $500, partial reim- 
bursement of funeral expense in the amount of $1,000, and $200 each for not more 
than three dependent children of the deceased officer. 

State Board of Pensions (Confederate Widows Pension) 

The statute provides that a widow of a Confederate soldier is entitled to re- 
ceive a monthly pension. This division handles the payment of these pensions. 
Upon the death of one of these widows, her estate receives $150.00 to help defray 
the funeral expense. 



476 North Carolina Manual 

BOARDS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE 
DEPARTMENT OF THE STATE AUDITOR 

NORTH CAROLINA FIREMAN'S PENSION FUND 

(G.S. 118-19, G.S. 143A-27) 

Composition: Five Members — two ex-officio and three appointed by the governor 
as follows: one paid Fireman, one Volunteer Fireman and one Representative 
of the public at large. The State Auditor and State Insurance Commissioner 
are ex-officio members with the State Auditor serving as Chairman. 

Term of Appointment: 4 years 

Appointed by the Governor: 

Name Term Expires Address 

H. Clifton Blue 06-30-75 Aberdeen 

James R. Jamison, Jr., Deputy Chief 06-30-75 Charlotte 

Miller I. Warren, Chief 06-30-75 Plymouth 

Ex-Officio 

Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman Raleigh 

John Ingram, Commissioner of Insurance Raleigh 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS BENEFIT 
AND RETIREMENT FUND 

(G.S. 143-166; G.S. 143A-29) 

Composition : Seven members. Three ex-officio and four appointed by the Gov- 
ernor as follows : A sheriff, police officer, a state law enforcement officer, 
and a representative of the public. The State Auditor, State Treasurer and 
State Insurance Commissioner are ex-officio members with the State Auditor 
serving as Chairman. 

Term of Appointment: Pleasure of the Governor 

Appointed by the Governor 

Name Address 

Colonel Edward White Jones Raleigh 

Captain Conrad D. Wade Greensboro 

Donald W. Stahl Charlotte 

William A. Granberry Raleigh 



Executive Branch 477 



Ex-Officio 



Henry L. Bridges, State Auditor, Chairman Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer Raleigh 

John Ingram, Commissioner of Insurance Raleigh 



Executive Branch 479 



DEPARTMENT OF THE STATE TREASURER 

EDWIN MAURICE GILL 

STATE TREASURER 

Edwin Maurice Gill, Democrat, was born in Laurinburg, N. C. July 20, 1899. 
Son of Thomas Jeffries and Mamie (North) Gill. Graduate of Laurinburg High 
School; Trinity College, 1922-1924. Representative in the General Assembly from 
Scotland County, 1929 and 1931. Private Secretary, Governor Gardner, 1931- 
1933; Commissioner of Paroles, 1933-1942; appointed Commissioner of Revenue 
by Governor Broughton, serving from July 1, 1942 to July 1, 1949. Admitted to 
the Bar, January 28, 1924, and practiced law in Laurinburg, 1924-1931 as a mem- 
ber of the firm of Gibson and Gill, and practiced law in Washington, D. C, 1949- 
1950 as a member of the firm of Gardner, Morrison & Rogers. Member of North 
Carolina Bar Association and the Bar of the District of Columbia. Collector and 
Director of Internal Revenue, Greensboro, N. C, 1950-1953. Appointed by Gov- 
ernor Umstead Treasurer of North Carolina, July 20, 1953, and elected to this 
office November 2, 1954. Re-elected for four-year term, November 6, 1956, No- 
vember 8, 1960, November 3, 1964, November 5, 1968, and November 7, 1972. Ex- 
officio: Chairman of State Banking Commission; Chairman of Local Government 
Commission; Director of Local Government; Chairman of Tax Review Board; 
Chairman and Investment Officer of Board of Trustees of Teachers & State Em- 
ployees' Retirement System; member of Board of Commissioners of the Law En- 
forcement Officers' Benefit and Retirement Fund; member and Investment Officer 
for Board of Trustees of Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System; 
member of State Board of Education; member of the Sinking Fund Commission; 
member of the Capital Planning Commission; member of the Capital Building 
Authority; member of the Board of Directors of the State Art Society; President 
American Parole Association, 1940-1941; President, Southeastern State Proba- 
tion and Parole Association, 1939-1940; Director American Prison Association, 
1939-1940. Elected member of Executive Committee of the National Tax As- 
sociation in 1944 for three-year term. Elected member of Executive Committee 
of National Association of Tax Administrators in 1946 for two-year term. Former 
member of N. C. Probation Commission. Former member of State Art Commis- 
sion; member Board of Trustees, N. C. State Art Museum. Member of the 
American Legion; Sigma Nu Phi, Legal Fraternity; Omicron Delta Kappa, 
Leadership Fraternity, honorary member, Duke University, 1940; Beta Gamma 
Sigma, honorary member, UNC, Chapel Hill, 1963; LL.D., Duke University, June 
8, 1959. Honorary Degree, Campbell College, May 20, 1974. N. C. Citizens Asso. 
Citation for Distinguished Public Service, March 25, 1970. Methodist. Address: 
Raleigh. 





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Executive Branch 481 

Department Personnel 

State Treasurer Edwin Gill Scotland 

Deputy Treasurer Harlan E. Boyles Wake 

Division of Treasurer's 
Administration and 

Operations Harlan E. Boyles, Director Wake 

Escheat Fund Edwin Gill, Director Scotland 

Local Government 

Commission Harlan E. Boyles, Secretary Wake 

Tax Review Board Harlan E. Boyles, Secretary Wake 

Division of Funds, Investment 
Management and 

Public Debt R. Ray Moore, Assistant Treasurer Wake 

Division of Employees' 
Retirement and 

Health Benefits William H. Hambleton, Director Wake 

Teachers' and State Em- 
ployees' Retirement System.. William H. Hambleton, Director Wake 

Local Governmental 
Employees' Retirement 

System William H. Hambleton, Director Wake 

Public Employees' 

Social Agency William H. Hambleton, Director Wake 

Health Benefits Program for 
Teachers and State 

Employees William H. Hambleton, Director Wake 

Legislative Retirement Fund.. William H. Hambleton, Director Wake 



482 North Carolina Manual 

THE DEPARTMENT OF THE STATE TREASURER 

The office itself is an old one, beginning as the office of treasurer of the 
colony in 1715. In 1775, shortly before the colony became a state, it was divided 
into two districts - - a northern district and, a southern one - - with a treasurer 
for each. Later, other districts were created but were eliminated along with 
the original two when the 1784 General Assembly provided for one State Treasurer. 
Until the adoption of the Constitution of 18f>8, the treasurer was elected by a 
joint ballot of both houses of the General Assembly. The treasurer is now elected 
in a general election to a four-year term which is concurrent with the governor's 
term. 

The Treasurer is responsible for the receipt, custody and disbursement of 
all State funds and must see to their security and be sure that funds are available 
to meet all obligations of the State as they arise. In addition, funds not im- 
mediately needed to meet current obligations must be invested economically and 
efficiently, according to law, bringing in the highest investment return possible. 
In addition to being the official depository and investor for the State's funds, the 
Treasurer is the State's fiscal consultant and manager of the public debt. He 
must lend the resources of his office to aid all State agencies and institutions in 
the area of financial management. His duties as financial advisor extend to the 
Governor, the Advisory Budget Commission and the General Assembly. 

As manager of the State's public debt, the Treasurer is one of the principal 
guardians of the public credit. He has the duty to warn against unwise borrow- 
ing when, in his opinion, it would endanger the State's credit rating. After the 
decision to borrow is made by the General Assembly, and approved by the voters 
in a referendum when required by the Constitution, the Treasurer is charged 
with the duty of timing and planning the sale of bonds or notes — all, of course, as 
provided by the General Assembly and as approved by the Governor and Council 
of State. 

The Treasurer's functions of public debt manager and fiscal consultant extend 
to the local governments of North Carolina in that the Treasurer, through the 
Local Government Commission, is directly concerned with their long and short 
term debts and fiscal well-being. The Treasurer thus performs the same advisory 
service to local units of government as he does for the State and, in addition, acts 
in a regulatory capacity as provided by law. 

The Treasurer is one of three constitutional officers held responsible for the 
fiscal affairs of the State in a system of checks and balances. Briefly stated, the 
Director of the Budget is the business manager of the State, and through the func- 
tion of pre-audit, authorizes the expenditure of all public funds. The Treasurer 
has the duty to honor all valid and properly drawn warrants within approved 
budget allotments. It would be within his province, of course, to withhold the 
payment of any warrant which, from his independent knowledge, is improper or 
unauthorized. The Auditor, of course, has the function of post-audit, through 
which he has the right and duty to criticize what he regards to be the improper 
expenditure of public funds. 

The Treasurer, because of his logical place in fiscal affairs, is given ex officio 
duties and responsibilities in connection with many boards and commissions 



Executive Branch 483 

which are, one way or another, concerned with financial management. These in- 
clude membership on agencies concerned with local government finance, public 
education, banking, taxes, housing, hospital finance and employee benefit programs. 

The Treasurer is head of the Department of State Treasurer and directs 
the fiscal and administrative affairs traditionally incident to his Office, and also 
those of the Local Government Commission, the Tax Review Board, and the 
Escheat Fund. In addition, the Department of the Treasurer has been extended 
and expanded over the years to include those agencies responsible for benfit pro- 
grams for teachers, State and local government employees, legislators, and the 
judges and justices of the General Court of Justice. In 1974 the General Assembly 
created the North Carolina Housing Finance Agency. 

The Department of State Treasurer is composed of the Office of State Treas- 
urer, the Local Government Commission, the Teachers' and State Employees' Re- 
tirement System, the North Carolina Local Governmental Employees Retirement 
System, the Public Employees' Social Security Agency, the Uniform Judicial Re- 
tirement System of North Carolina, and the Tax Review Board. 

The organizational structure of the Department of State Treasurer is divided 
into three major areas. These are the State Treasurer's Office, the Local Govern- 
ment Commission, and the Employees' Retirement and Health Benefits Division. 
These areas constitute four divisions within the Department, which are the same 
as the above mentioned areas with the exception of the State Treasurer's Office, 
which is divided into two divisions, one being the Division of Funds, Investment 
Management and Public Debt; and the other, Administration and Operations. 
The Deputy State Treasurer is presently serving in a dual capacity as head of 
the Treasurer's Administration and Operational Division and Secretary to the 
Local Government Commission. 

The Local Government Commission 

The Local Government Commission is the State's agency charged with the 
duty of advising and assisting the local governments of North Carolina in de- 
velopment of all phases of fiscal management. This capacity of fiscal counselor 
expands to that of supervisor in the specialized area of local debt administration. 
The Commission's goal is to insure sound fiscal management and careful borrow- 
ing, thus promoting the efficient use of monetary resources in the localities. 

This cooperative effort between the Commission and the officials of local 
government not only fulfills statutory requirements reflecting sound debt man- 
agement practices but also promotes the best interests of the localities. This is 
a strong State assistance program that does not interfere with the substantive 
decisions that can only be made at the local level. 

The Commission still supervises all aspects of the debt issuance process for 
the local governments as prescribed by law; but more importantly, it assists 
them in the interim with comprehensive accounting advisory services. The princi- 
pal benefits of thsese services can be measured in lower interest costs on future 
bond issues. Also in the area of accounting advisory services, the local govern- 
ment officials, their managers, finance officers and independent auditors are ad- 



484 North Carolina Manual 

vised on methods to improve uniform accounting; systems. The Commission also 
receives, reviews and retains audit reports; approves audit contracts; and ap- 
proves audit fees. 

The Escheat Fund 

The State Treasurer is vested with the responsibility of collecting, depositing, 
and managing all unclaimed property or revenue that escheats annually to the 
State of North Carolina. Although classified administratively as a departmental 
program, the purpose and functioning of the Escheat Fund might be understood 
more properly as a revenue-producing measure. As a consequence, it differs 
somewhat from the other service-oriented programs of the Department. This 
difference, however, is one of degree, because the collections, investment, and dis- 
tribution of any public revenue is a service that ultimately benefits the people. 

An "escheat" by definition is the reversion of property to the State by the 
failure of persons legally entitled to the property to make a proper claim against 
the holder of said property within a prescribed period of time. 

The legal basis and historical foundation of the present Escheat Fund can 
be traced to the charter granted the University of North Carolina in 1789. The 
relevant section of this charter conferred upon the University the right of succeed- 
ing by escheat to all property when there existed no wife or other parties entitled 
to the property under the statutes of descent and distribution. This right sub- 
sequently was confirmed by the State Constitution, Article IX, Section 7, and has 
been modified by statute G.S. 116-A. 

The 1971 General Assembly transferred the administration of the Escheat 
Fund from the University to the State Treasurer, and made the Education As- 
sistance Authority the beneficiary of the earnings of the accumulated funds. The 
Treasurer is under legislative mandate to deposit and invest the Escheat Fund as 
provided for State funds generally. The income derived by this investment is 
distributed annually to the State Education Assistance Authority, which in turn 
awards loans to worthy and needy students who are residents of this State and 
who are enrolled public institutions of higher education in this state. 



The Tax Review Board 

The Tax Review Board is an administrative review body that hears and con- 
siders petitions from corporate and individual taxpayers concerning their re- 
spective tax liability. The Board is chaired by the State Treasurer and member- 
ship is comprised of the Director of the Department of Tax Research and the 
Chairman of the Utilities Commission. In matters involving the allocation formula 
for income and franchise tax purposes, the membership is augmented by the 
Commissioner of Revenue. (G.S. 105-169.2.) 

Tax liability in North Carolina is based upon statutes enacted by the Gen- 
eral Assembly and administered by the Commissioner of Revenue. Any corporate 
or individual taxpayer having a legitimate grievance concerning his liability 



Executive Branch 485 

first must seek a final determination on this question by the Commissioner of 
Revenue. If aggrieved by the Commissioner's decision, the taxpayer may re- 
quest a hearing by the Tax Review Board. 

This policy of administrative review is predicated upon the theory that an 
administrative hearing may be preferred by the taxpayer to an action at law to 
determine liability. Should the taxpayer or the Commissioner of Revenue wish 
to appeal the decision of the Tax Review Board, the statutes provide recourse in 
the Superior Court. 

Division of Employees' Retirement and Health Benefits 

The Employees' Retirement and Health Benefits Division of the Department 
of the State Treasurer encompasses the statutory benefit programs that affect and 
serve approximately 250,000 State and local governmental employees in North 
Carolina. 

State and local governmental employees served by at least one, and probably 
more, of the programs in this Division owe some part of their future financial 
security to the State's recognition of the necessity for comprehensive employee 
benefit programs. The specific statutory agencies and Funds in this Division are: 
The Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System (G.S. 135, Article 1) ; 
The N. C. Local Government Employees' Retirement System (G.S. 128) ; The 
Public Employees' Social Security Agency (G.S. 135, Article 2); The Health 
Benefits Program for Teachers and State Employees (G.S. 135, Article 3) ; The 
Uniform Judicial Retirement System of North Carolina (G.S. 135, Article 4). 



Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System 

and 

Local Governmental Employees' Retirement System 

The goals and objectives of these two Systems are to provide retirement al- 
lowances and other benefits to teachers, State employees and participating local 
government employees of North Carolina. This is accomplished by collecting, 
crediting, and investing employee and employer contributions. Monthly allow- 
ances are paid to the members and their beneficiaries for disability, early and 
service retirements; and, lump sum death benefit payments are paid to bene- 
ficiaries For those members already retired, an automatic cost-of-living increase 
schedule, as provided by statute, is intended to keep their benefits beyond or con- 
current with inflationary trends. 

The goal of providing retirement benefits does not end in simply acting as a 
trustee and paying benefits as authorized by law. The Systems must research 
and plan the future of their benefit structures with the view toward maximum 
and competitive benefits with actuarial soundness. 

The Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement System, begun in 1941, 



486 North Carolina Manual 

serves approximately 229,203 members including 24,657 retired members who are 
receiving monthly checks. As of December 31, 1974 the Investment Port-folio 
held by this System showed assets in the amount of $1,702,556,276 with an ap- 
proximate return of 6V4%. The State Retirement System is maintained for all 
full-time teachers and State Employees in all school systems, colleges and uni- 
versities, institutions and agencies of the State. The Local Government Em- 
ployees' Retirement System was established in 1945 as a service agency for public 
employees of counties, cities, towns, boards, commissions and other similar political 
entities. As of December 31, 1974, 471 such entities were participating. This 
System has approximately 47,342 members including 3,698 receiving monthly re- 
tirement checks. Assets of this System as of December 31, 1974, were $240,658,244 
with an approximate return of 6V2 per cent. 

Under applicable statutes, the State Treasurer is custodian of the funds and 
under the Constitution of North Carolina the funds may be used only for retire- 
ment purposes. 



Public Employees' Social Security Agency 

Because the Federal Constitution prohibits the Federal government from 
imposing taxes on State and local governmental entities, Social Security bene- 
fits are not available to public employees unless a state voluntarily agrees to 
collect and transmit through a single state agency the taxes required for the 
coverage. By such an agreement, the North Carolina Public Employees' Social 
Security Agency serves as the medium (1) for qualifying governmental units for 
participation and (2) for collecting and transmitting employee and employer 
contributions. Currently, the Agency is assuring coverage for approximately 
265,000 public employees in North Carolina. 

Rules, regulations, procedures, forms, and guidelines are prepared and direct- 
ed by the Social Security Administration. Eligibility for coverage is defined by 
Federal Statutes and confirmed for each governmental unit by the State Attorney 
General upon evidence of statutory authority supplied and documented by the 
Agency. Objectives and plans of work are, therefore, subject to the jurisdiction 
of the Social Security Administration. 

Health Benefits Program for Teachers and State Employees 

This Program was created by the 1971 General Assembly to become effective 
July 1, 1972. Its express purpose was to provide a more comprehensive fringe 
benefits program for all full-time teachers and State employees. This legislation 
provided for the establishment of a two-part program of Hospital-Medical Bene- 
fits, and Disability Salary Continuation. 

Uniform Judicial Retirement System of North Carolina 

The 1973 Session of the General Assembly created the Uniform Judicial Re- 
tirement System of North Carolina and placed it under the management of the 



Executive Branch 487 

State Treasurer and the Board of Trustees of the Teachers' and State Employees' 
Retirement System. The express purpose of this System is to provide, on a funded 
basis, retirement allowances and other benefits for justices and judges of the 
General Court of Justice of North Carolina, and their survivors. This Retirement 
System began operation January 1, 1974. 



488 North Carolina Manual 

BOARDS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE 
DEPARTMENT OF THE STATE TREASURER 

NORTH CAROLINA HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY 

(G. S. 122A-4; G. S. 143A-85) 

Composition: Thirteen Members — four by Governor, four by Speaker, four by 
President of Senate, and 1 other. The Governor's appointees shall be ex- 
perienced in: Community Planning, Subsidized Housing: Management; 
Specialist in Housing Public Policy, Manufactured Housing Industry; The 
House Speaker's appointees as follows: 2 State Representatives, 1 experienc- 
ed in a Mortgage Service Institution, 1 experinced Licensed Real Estate 
Broker; and the President of the Senate's appointees as follows: 2 State 
Senators, 1 experienced in Savings and Loan Institution, 1 experienced in 
Home-Building. The thirteenth member of the Board shall be elected by 
majority vote of the Board itself and shall be Chairman. 

Term of Appointment: The 8 Non-Legislative Directors shall be appointed for 
staggered 4-year terms. The 4 Directors who are Legislators si" all be ap- 
pointed for 2-year terms. Any member shall be eligible for reappointment. 

Appointed by the Governor 

Name Term Expires Address 

William Bradbury Cash 06-12-78 Winston-Salem 

A. Thomas Anderson 06-12-78 Raleigh 

Ben J. Layton 06-12-77 Rocky Mount 

George E. Carr, Jr 06-12-77 Greensboro 

Appointed by the President of the Senate 

Senator John T. Henley 06-12-76 Hope Mills 

Senator Ralph H. Scott 06-12-76 Haw River 

John T. Bell 06-30-77 Goldsboro 

John Stewart 06-30-77 Durham 

Appointed by the Speaker of the House 

Rep. Homer E. Wright, Jr 06-12-76 Eden 

Rep. W. R. Roberson, Jr 06-12-76 Washington 

J. Alton Stanford 06-12-76 High Point 

William E. Arant, Jr 06-30-77 Winston-Salem 

Elected by the Members 

Fred J. Herndon, Chairman 06-12-76 Durham 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMISSION 

(G. S. 159-3; G. S. 143A-33) 

Composition: Nine members — four ex-officio, 1 by Lieutenant Governor, 1 Speaker 
of the House and 3 appointed by the Governor as follows: one shall be or have 
been the Mayor or a member of the governing body of a city and one shall 



Executive Branch 489 

be or has been a member of County Board of Commissioners. The State Audi- 
tor, Secretary of Revenue, Secretary of State, and State Treasurer are ex- 
officio members with the State Treasure srving as Chairman. 

Term of Appointment: Four years. 

Appointed by the Governor 

Name Term Expires Address 

James Robert Hawkins 06-30-77 Durham 

Milton Edward Prevost 06-30-77 Tryon 

C. Frank James 06-30-77 Mt. Pleasant 

Appointed by the Lieutenant Governor 

H. Milton Short, Jr 06-30-77 Charlotte 

Appointed by the Speaker of the House 

Clarence E. Leatherman 06-30-77 Lincolnton 

Ex-Officio 

Henry Bridges, State Auditor Raleigh 

Howard Coble, Secretary of Revenue Raleigh 

Thad Eure, Secretary of State Raleigh 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer Raleigh 

NORTH CAROLINA LOCAL GOVERNMENT 
EMPLOYEE'S RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(G. S. 128-28; G. S. 143A-35) 

Composition: Membership — The members of the Board of Trustees of the 
Teachers and State Employees Retirement System and two appointed by the 
Governor as follows: one local government official who is a Mayor, a mem- 
ber of the Governing Body or a full-time officer of a city or town participat- 
ing in the retirement system and one local government official who is a County 
Commissioner or a full time officer of a county participating in the Retire- 
ment System. The Governor shall designate these 2 officials on April 1 of 
years in which an election is held for the office of Governor. If one of these 
local government officials vacates his local office, he also vacates this post 
and the Governor selects a new official to serve. The Chairman is elected from 
the membership of the Board. 

Term of Appointment: 4 years. 

Appointed by the Governor 

Name Term Expires Address 

J. Guy Smith, Jr 05-31-76 Fayetteville 

Samuel M. Gattis 05-31-76 Hillsborough 

Board of Trustees of Teachers and State Employees Retirement System 

Archie K. Davis 04-05-76 Winston-Salem 

Donald R. Lineberger 04-05-76 Brevard 

Lewis J. Outlaw, Jr 04-05-79 Dudley 

Hargett Y. Kinard 04-05-75 Raleigh 



490 North Carolina Manual 

Name Term Expires Address 

John P. Booker, Jr 04-05-79* Raleigh 

Edward Millis Armfield 04-05-77 Winston-Salem 

Lynn Holaday 07-01-77 Boone 

Ella B. McDearman 07-01-77 Raleigh 

Rep. Claude DeBruhl 01-11-77 Chandler 

Harold W. Hardison 11-02-76 Deep Run 

MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CONTROL 

(G. S. 160A-6) 

Composition : Five members — three ex-officio and two appointed by the Governor 
as follows: one elected municipal official and one elected county official. The 
Secretary of Local Government Commission and the Chairmen of the local 
government committees in the House and Senate shall serve ex-officio, with the 
Secretary of Local Government Commission serving as Chairman. 

Term of Appointment: Pleasure of the Governor. 

Appointed by the Governor 

Name Address 

John H. Bell, Jr Elizabeth City 

J. Paul Russell Troy 

Ex-OfFicio 

Harlan E. Boyles, Secretary, Local Government Commission, 

Chairman Raleigh 

E. Lawrence Davis, Chairman, Senate Committee on 

Local Government Raleigh 

P. C. Collins, Jr., Chairman, House Committee on Local Government. ... Raleigh 

TEACHERS' AND STATE EMPLOYEES' 
RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

(G. S. 135-6; G. S. 143A-34) 

Composition : Twelve members — two ex-officio, two others and eight appointed 
by the Governor as follows: one teacher, one transportation employee, one 
general state employee, three who are neither teachers nor state employees, 
one representing higher education and one retired teacher or state employee 
drawing a retirement allowance. State Treasurer and Superintendent of 
Public Instruction are ex-officio members with the State Treasurer serv- 
ing as Chairman. The two others will consist of one member of the House 
appointed by the Speaker and one member of the Senate appointed by the 
President of the Senate. 

Term of Appointment: Four years. 

Appointed by the Governor 

Name Term Expires Address 

Archie K. Davis 04-05-76 Winston-Salem 

Donald R. Lineberger 04-05-76 Charlotte 

Lewis J. Outlaw, Jr 04-05-79 Dudley 



Executive Branch 491 

Name Term Expires Address 

Hargett Y. Kinard 04-05-75 Raleigh 

John P. Booker, Jr.* 04-05-79 Raleigh 

Edward Millis Armfield 04-05-77 Winston-Salem 

Lynn Holaday 07-01-77 Boone 

Ella B. McDearman 07-01-77 Raleigh 

Ex-Officio 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer, Chairman Raleigh 

Craig Phillips, Superintendent of Public Instruction Raleigh 

Appointed by the President of the Senate 

Harold W. Hardison 11-05-74 Deep Run 

Appointed by the Speaker of the House 

Rep. Claude DeBruhl 01-11-77 Candler 



Executive Branch 493 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC EDUCATION 

ANDREW CRAIG PHILLIPS 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

Andrew Craig Phillips, Democrat, was born in Greensboro, N. C, November 
1, 1922. Son of Guy B. (deceased) and Annie Elizabeth (Craig) Phillips. At- 
tended Greensboro High School; Chapel Hill High School, graduated in 1938; 
Post Grad Stonybrook Prep School (Long Island, N. Y.), 1939; UNC, Chapel Hill, 
A.B. 1943, M.A. 1948, Ed.D., 1955. Young Man of the Year (Distinguished Ser- 
vice Award), Junior Chamber of Commerce, Winston-Salem, 1957. USNR, Lt. 
1943-1946. Superintendent Winston-Salem City Schools, 1955-1962; Superinten- 
dent Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, 1962-1967; Administrative Vice President, 
Smith Richardson Foundation, 1967-1968. Methodist. Married Mary Martha 
Cobb, November 27, 1943. Children: Martha Gatlin, age 28; Andrew Craig, Jr., 
age 26; Elizabeth, age 24; and Eva Craig, age 13. Address: 2200 Barfield Ct., 
Raleigh. 

Department Personnel 

State Board of Education Dallas Herring, Chairman Duplin 

Controller's Office A. C. Davis, Controller Wake 

Dept. of Technical Institutes 

and Community Colleges Ben E. Fountain, Jr Wake 

Dept. of Public Instruction Craig Phillips, Superintendent Wake 

Textbook Commission Mrs. Joyce Wasdell, Chairman Durham 



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Executive Branch 495 

THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC EDUCATION 

The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction was formed in Decem- 
ber 1852, although the current title and specific delineation of responsibilities 
were first set forth in the 1868 State Constitution. The head of the Department 
originally went by the title "Superintendent of Common Schools"; however this 
office was abolished in 1865. Today the department is headed by the State Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction who is a constitutional officer and a member of 
the Council of State. He is elected by popular vote every four years. The sup- 
erintendent is the administrative head of the Department of Public Instruction as 
well as secretary and chief administrative officer of the State Board of Educa- 
tion. 

The Department of Public Education is headed by the State Board of Edu- 
cation, which is directed by the North Carolina Constitution to supervise and 
administer the free public school system and the educational funds provided for 
its support. Consistent with other laws enacted by the General Assembly, the 
board decides rules and regulations for the public school system. Board mem- 
bership includes the lieutenant governor, the state treasurer, and eleven guber- 
natorial appointees, who are subject to confirmation by the General Assembly 
in joint session. 

The purpose of the Department of Public Instruction is to insure through in- 
formed and effective leadership at the State and local levels that learning ex- 
periences which are compatible with individual need, intei-ests and capabilities, 
will lead to continued education and/or employment for all students. 

The Department of Public Instruction is organized in accordance with six 
broad functional areas: Administrative Services, Human Relations and Student 
Affairs, Personnel Relations and Public Affairs, Research and Development, Pro- 
gram Services and Special Services. 

Administrative Services Area 

The purpose of the Administrative Services Area is to develope and direct 
educational leadership and management programs in the State Education Agency 
and in local educational agencies and to manage the operation of specified divisions 
within the State Agency; and to plan, implement, coordinate and manage the 
operations of such leadership development programs which will strengthen the 
caliber of educational administration and management in the State Education 
Agency and the local education agencies. 

Human Relations and Student Affairs 

The purpose of this area is to remove those obstacles in the area of Human 
Relations which hinder the achievement of the continuing objectives of the State 
Department of Public Instruction and to coordinate the procurement of Federal 
and foundation support for education programs in North Carolina; and to elimi- 
nate problems incident to the desegregation-integration process; To eliminate 
barriers to optimum development of social, physical and emotional well-being of 
students; and To influence federal legislation favorable to public education and 
to generate and obtain federal and foundation funds. 



496 North Carolina Manual 

Personnel Relations and Public Affairs Area 

The purpose of this area is to develop a knowledgeable, responsive, and 
supportive public; to develop and maintain a workable two-way communica- 
tion within the Department of Public Instruction and with the many publics of 
public education; to provide accurate information to the members of the General 
Assembly; to assist in the development of acceptable personnel policies and prac- 
tices in each local school system consistent with State policy; and to inform the 
many publics about and involve citizens in the affairs of their schools by provid- 
ing educational news to all media; to assist local school systems in developing 
public information programs, by offering direct assistance and materials; and 
to motivate and assist local school systems to improve instructional programs, 
by means of a quarterly magazine, educational television and workshops with 
administrators. 



Research and Development Area 

The purpose of this area is to discover new and better ways to teach children 
and youth and manager the elementary and secondary schools in the State and 
to evaluate existing and new programs. 



Program Services Area 

The purpose of this area is to give leadership to the instructional program in 
the State's public school system. This responsibility includes assistance to the 
60,000 teachers and staff working in the K-12 educational program. A staff of 
consultants furnish leadership in the development of curriculum and new materials 
and in the introduction of new teaching techniques; and to provide a program 
of studies, kindergarten through twelfth grade, in each of the discipline (subject) 
areas which charts a course of action for the local school systems of the State; 
to insure a successful learning experience for each child in the public school sys- 
tem based on a dynamic program of studies ; to provide an accurate assessment 
of children's needs and modern research and knowledge about child growth and 
development; to provide a comprehensive plan for upgrading teacher effective- 
ness in instruction through leadership in introducing new textbooks and materials, 
staff workshop, implementation of models and demonstrations, and better organi- 
zation and use of materials at the school and classroom levels; to expand pro- 
grams in early childhood education, basic skills programs, and career education 
through the addition of new resources, staff training, and development of teaching 
materials in these areas; and to redirect teacher training through cooperation 
with institutions in areas of program priorities and involvement of student 
trainees in more meaningful laboratory experiences. 



Special Services Area 

The purpose of this area is to insure that all professional personnel and 
other public school employees are qualified to serve effectively in the realization 
of the continuing objectives of the State Education Agency. 



Executive Branch 497 

Controller's Office 

The Controller's Office provides service and leadership in fiscal and other 
supporting functions to the board, The Department of Public Instruction, the 
public school system, and the community college system. The office is headed by 
the controller of the State Board of Education who is appointed by the board 
subject to the approval of the governor and serves at the will of the board. The 
controller administers the budgeting, allocating, accounting, auditing, certifying, 
and disbursing of public school funds. 



Division of Auditing and Accounting 

The Division of Auditing and Accounting employs approximately 118 people 
and comprises nine major sections of work assignment with responsibilities and 
duties which may be projected into five main categories. These categories con- 
sist of Budgeting, Disbursement of Funds, Record Maintenance, Auditing and 
Field Services. 



Division of Departmental Services 

The Division of Departmental Services provides four basic functions for the 
Department of Public Instruction — 

1. Purchasing, The Purchasing function processes all requirements through 
the appropriate procurement cycle including materials, machines, equip- 
ment, transportation, supplies, services, and leases. 

2. Support Services, The Support Services function directs operating sup- 
port including central supply, mail and messenger service, communica- 
tions support, equipment maintenance, transportation, and building space 
control and configuration. 

3. Materials Handling, The Materials Handling function maintains ac- 
countability and control on all items processed through shipping and re- 
ceiving, inspection and acceptance, packing and crating, distribution, and 
warehousing including a property inventory, maintenance, repair and 
disposition system. 

4. Fiscal & Records. The Fiscal and Records function maintains accounta- 
ability for transfers and billings for inter and intra agency cross service. 

Division of Insurance 

The Division of Insurance, established July 1, 1949, by Article 16 of Chapter 
115, General Statutes, operates under supervision of the Controller of the State 
Board of Education. The program provides fire, lightning, and extended coverage 
insurance for public school administrative units, community colleges and technical 
institutions at their option. 

"The Fund" provides up to $200,000 coverage on each building and carries 
reinsurance on buildings valued in excess of $200,000. The reinsurance provides 
coverage up to $2,000,000 for each building. 



498 North Carolina Manual 

Division of Management Information Systems 

The Division of Management Information Systems is charged with the re- 
sponsibility for developing a comprehensive information system to support the 
administrative and regulatory functions of the Department of Public Education. 

Division of Teacher Allotment and General Control 

The staff of this Division allots teachers, supervisors, attendance counselors 
and assistant superintendent positions to county and city administrative units; 
collects and evaluates pertinent data relating to teacher allotment; checks and 
offers assistance in pupil accounting procedures in all public schools, community 
colleges and technical institutes throughout the State; offers suggestions regard- 
ing rules and regulations governing teacher allotment to the State Board of Edu- 
cation, Controller and State Superintendent of Public Instruction; confers and 
works with superintendents, community college presidents, principals, teachers, 
boards of education, colleges and others in the area of pupil accounting; monitors 
requirements of Class Size legislation. It also allots and certifies funds from the 
State Public School Fund for General Control items, together with funds for 
Instructional Materials; Clerical Assistance in Schools; Instructional Personnel 
in Reading, Math and Cultural Arts; Psychologists; Guidance Counselors; Health 
and Social Services; Physical Education. 

Another important function is that the division collects and evaluates perti- 
nent pupil accounting statistical data relating to budgetary items under the State 
Public School Fund and State aid to institutions of the Community College Sys- 
tem; evaluates and makes studies on teacher-pupil ratios. The staff interprets 
statistics for the purpose of projecting pupil population and number of teaching 
positions necessary for each budget. Other general responsibilities include making 
lectures to various schools, colleges and civic groups, and conducting workshops 
on pupil accounting. 

Division of Textbooks 

The Division of Textbooks is responsible for the administration of the State 
Textbook program, including purchasing, warehousing, and distributing basic 
textbooks in grades 1-12. It also administers State appropriations for high school 
basic books. 

Division of Transportation 

The Function of the Division of Transportation involves the financing, plan- 
ning, organizing, coordinating and assisting with the execution of the transporta- 
tion system for the public schools of the State. 

The Department of Community Colleges 

North Carolina's community college system was established in 1963. In the 
same year, the State Board of Education was authorized (GS 115A) to establish, 
organize and direct a department to provide state level administration for a sys- 
tem of community colleges and technical institutes that would be separate from 



Executive Branch 499 

the public school system of the state. The board fulfills its responsibility by 
adopting and administering policies, regulations, and standards governing the 
organization and operation of the community college system. 

The Department of Community Colleges provides state level leadership, ad- 
ministration, and general governance for the system. This department is headed 
by the state president who has on his staff four vice-presidents, seven associate 
and assistant vice-presidents, and other technical and clerical specialists. The 
board duties and responsibilities of the department are enumerated in the Ad- 
ministration and the Policy and Planning Programs which include the develop- 
ment, administration, and implementation of educational and fiscal policies and 
plans. 

Other programs include Management Services to Institutions, Educational 
Program Services to Institutions, and Educational Support Services to Institu- 
tions. Centralized budgeting business affairs, and the coordination of depart- 
mental activities, programs, and supportive services are provided through these 
three program areas. 

The Direct Financial Aid to Institutions Program includes all educational 
services to students, such as degree and diploma programs, and continuing educa- 
tion programs. The personnel, instructional, and institutional resources required 
to maintain an effective institution also fall under the auspices of this program. 

Since 1963, the system has grown to fifty-seven institutions; each is desig- 
nated either as a technical institute or a community college. Community colleges 
include the academic college transfer curriculum in their programs; technical in- 
stitutes do not. 

Approximately 97 percent of the state's population lives within thirty miles 
of at least one institution. Last year, over 400,000 persons enrolled in these in- 
stitutions for one or more courses ranging from basic education in reading, 
writing, and arithmetic up to and including advanced technical training and 
college transfer academic work at the freshman and sophomore levels. 



500 North Carolina Manual 

BOARDS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE 
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC EDUCATION 

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

(G. S. 115-2; G. S. 143A-41) 

Composition: Fourteen members — Three ex-offieio and eleven appointed by the 
governor and confirmed by the General Assembly as follows: three at large 
and one from each of eight educational districts. He must submit on or be- 
fore 60th Legislative Day of each session to each presiding officer his ap- 
pointees. Vacancies for unexpired terms not subject to confirmation. The 
Lieutenant Governor, State Treasurer and Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion are ex-offieio members with the Superintendent of Public Instruction 
serving as Secretary of Board. The Chairman and Vice-Chairman are elected 
by the Board. 

Term of Appointment: Eight years. 
Appointed by the Governor 

Name Term Expires Address 

John A. Pritchett (1) 04-01-79 Winston-Salem 

Dallas erring, (2) Chairman 04-01-79 Windsor 

Richard R. Manz (3) 04-01-79 Hudson 

Earl H. Oxendine (4) 04-01-75 Roanoke-Rapids 

Mrs. Evelyn S. Tyler (5) 04-01-77 Smithfield 

Larry M. Harding (6) 04-01-77 Rose Hill 

R. Barton Hayes (7) 04-01-77 Asheville 

John M. Reynolds (8) 04-01-83 Charlotte 

Richard C. Erwin (At large) 04-01-81 Raleigh 

Prezell R. Robinson (At large) 04-01-81 Pembroke 

Mrs. W. B. Strickland (At large) 04-01-81 Greensboro 

Ex-Officio 

James B. Hunt, Jr., Lieutenant Governor Wilson 

Edwin Gill, State Treasurer Raleigh 

A. Craig Phillips, Supterintendent of Public Instruction Raleigh 

EDUCATIONAL SERVICES FOR EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN 

(G. S. 115-11.7) 

Composition: Seventeen Members — Two appointed by the Governor, and fifteen 
others as follows : Two members of the Senate are appointed by the Lt. Gov- 
ernor, two members of the House of Representatives are appointed by the 
Speaker and eleven members are appointed by the State Board of Education 
(one from each Congressional District) with the Chairman designated by the 
State Board from the appointees of the Governor, Lt. Governor or Speaker 
of the House. 

Term of Appointment: Four years. 
Appointed by the Governor 

Name Term Expires Address 

Mrs. Lois R. Hirschman 06-30-76 Raleigh 

Rep. Carolyn Mathis 06-30-76 Charlotte 



Executive Branch 501 

Appointed by the Lieutenant Governor 

Name Term Expires Address 

Sen. Joseph B. Raynor, Jr 06-30-76 Fayetteville 

Sen. Betty Ann Wilkie 06-30-76 Fletcher 

Appointed by the Speaker of the House 

Rep. Graham Bell 06-30-76 Gastonia 

Rep. David Blackwell 06-30-76 Reidsville 

Appointed by the State Board of Education 

Mrs. L. Polk Williams, Jr 06-30-78 Elizabeth City 

Barry Munson 06-30-76 Roanoke Rapids 

Grady McNeill 06-30-78 Dunn 

Garland H. Stout 06-30-76 Raleigh 

Clarence McKee 06-30-78 Winston-Salem 

Archie Banks 06-30-78 Wentworth 

Earl Oxendine 06-30-78 Raeford 

Mrs. Barbara Blake 06-30-76 Pinehurst 

Mrs. Doris Hoyle 06-30-76 

Carlos Young 06-30-78 Shelby 

Mrs. Dorcus Welsh 06-30-70 Bryson City 

NORTH CAROLINA TEXTBOOK COMMISSION 

(G. S. 115-208; G. S. 143A-48) 

Composition: Twelve members — appointed by the Governor (upon recommen- 
dation of State Superintendent of Education) as follows: Seven members must 
be outstanding teachers or principals in the elementary grades and five mem- 
bers must be outstanding teachers or principals in the high school grades 
provided that one member may be a county or city superintendent. 

Term of Appointment: Four years. 

Name Term Expires Address 

Joyce Wasdell, Chairperson 04-01-77 Durham 

Louis Gaskins 04-01-77 Pineville 

Dean Westmoreland 04-01-77 Kings Mountain 

L. C. Howard 04-01-77 Franklin 

Jerry Shaver 04-01-77 High Point 

Ann H. Kennedy 04-01-77 Raleigh 

Stacy Brayboy 04-01-77 Maxton 

Juanita Corbin 04-01-77 Riegelwood 

Harriett B. McCormick 04-01-77 Winston-Salem 

Roy E. Coffey 04-01-77 Hudson 

Hazel Sorrell 04-01-77 Benson 

Barbara Baucom 04-01-77 Raleigh 



Executive Branch 503 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

RUFUS LIGH EDMISTEN 

ATTORNEY GENERAL 

Rufus Ligh Edmisten, a native of Boone, was born July 12, 1941. Son 
of Walter F. and Nell (Hollar) Edmisten. Attended Public Schools, graduat- 
ing from Appalachian High School in 1959; University of North Carolina, 
B.A. with honors, 1963 ; George Washington University, J.D. with honors, 
1967. Member North Carolina Bar Association; District of Columbia Bar As- 
sociation; North Carolina Bar; District of Columbia Bar; American Bar As- 
sociation; Federal Bar Association; Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity. Member of 
Masons. Elected as Attorney General. Member Three Forks Baptist Church. 
Married Jone Moretz Edmisten, August 3, 1963. One child: Martha Rebecca 
Edmisten, age 1. Address: 1406-A, Quail Ridge Rd., Raleigh. 



Department Personnel 

Attorney General Rufus L. Edmisten Wake 

Office of the Attorney General 

Consumer Protection Division.. James L. Blackburn, Asst. Atty. Gen Wake 

Education and Correction 

Division Andrew A. Vanore, Jr., 

Deputy Attorney General Wake 

Land and Contract Division ..Buie Costen, Deputy Attorney General Wake 

Legislative Affairs Division ..Sidney S. Eagles, Jr., 

Assistant Attorney General Wake 

Local Government Division ..James F. Bullock, Deputy Attorney General Wake 
State Boards and Agencies 

Division Harry W. McGalliard, 

Deputy Attorney General Wake 

State Bureau of Investigation 

Police Information Networks ...Howard M. Livingston, Director Wake 

North Carolina Criminal Justice 
Training and Standards 
Cou ncil John Faircloth, Director Wake 



Executive Branch 505 

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

The Department of Justice is headed by the Attorney General of North Caro- 
lina. The attorney general's office might be called a tradition in state government 
since it can be traced back to colonial times; in fact, this office predates the for- 
mation of the state of North Carolina. When the first state constitution was 
drawn up in 1776 provision was made for the attorney general's office. In 1937, 
the General Assembly amended the constitution to establish the Department of 
Justice including the State Bureau of Investigation. The SBI remains in the de- 
partment today. A more recent major addition to the department occurred in 
1969 when the General Assembly authorized the creation of a Police Information 
Network, (PIN). The recent rewrite of the state constitution deletes all ref- 
erences to the Department of Justice and to th SBI. It simply states that there 
shall be an attorney general whose duties "shall be prescribed by law" (Article 
III). In addition, it appointed the attorney general as a member of the Council 
of State. Prior to 1971, he had been the council's legal advisor only. The attorney 
general serves as an ex officio member of the Governor's Committee on Law and 
Order, the Capital Building Authority, the State Capital Planning Commission, 
the North Carolina Drug Authority, and several other state boards and commis- 
sions. 

The North Carolina Department of Justice consists of the Office of the At- 
torney General, the State Bureau of Investigation, the Division of Criminal 
Statistics (Police Information Network), and the Division of Legislative Drafting 
and Codification of Statutes. In addition, under the Executive Reorganization 
Bill passed by the 1971 General Assembly, the Department of Justice received 
the arson squad from the Insurance Department. 

Office of the Attorney General 

It is the duty and responsibility of the Attorney General to defend all ac- 
tions in the appellate court divisions in which the State of North Carolina is 
either interested or is a party, and also when requested by the governor or either 
house of the general assembly to appear for the State in any other court or trib- 
unal in any cause or matter, civil or criminal, in which the State may be a party 
or interested. In addition, the Attorney General's Office, at the requests of the 
Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Auditor, Utilities Commission, Commis- 
sioner of Banks, Insurance Commissioner or Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion, prosecutes and defends all suits relating to matters connected with their 
Departments. The Attorney General's Office represents all State institutions 
whenever requested to do so by the official head of any such institution. 

The Attorney General's Office consults with and advises the district attorneys 
throughout the State of North Carolina whenever they request such assistance. 
Opinions are rendered upon all questions of law which are submitted by the Gen- 
eral Assembly or by the Governor, Auditor, Treasurer or any other State officer. 

Whenever it is deemed advisable in the public interest, the Attorney Gen- 
eral's Office intervenes in proceedings before any courts, regulatory officers, 
agencies and bodies, both State and Federal in a representative capacity for and 
on the behalf of the consuming and using public of this State. The Attorney 



506 North Carolina Manual 

General has the authority to institute and originate the proceedings before such 
courts, officers, agencies or bodies and has the authority to appear before agencies 
on behalf of the State and its agencies and citizens in all matters affecting the 
public interest. 

The Office of the Attorney General is divided into nine major divisions: the 
Legislative Liason Division, the Consumer Protection Division, the Utilities Di- 
vision, the Education, Labor and Corrections Division, the State Highways Di- 
vision, and the Department of Administration Division. 

Legislative Liaison Division 

The principal areas of responsibility for this division relate to Codification 
and Legislative Drafting; operation of the General Statutes Commission; and 
operation of the Criminal Code Commission. 

Legislative drafting and codification function is a year round activity of 
limited scope which expands dramatically on a seasonal basis in the month lead- 
ing up to, during and immediately after the biennial session of the General As- 
sembly. This section coordinates receipt and assignment of all bill drafting re- 
quests addressed to the Attorney General's Office. 

The Legislative Liaison Division is responsible for organization and mainte- 
nance of the Attorney General's legislative offices, prompt courteous and profes- 
sional bill drafting service from the best qualified draftsmen on the Attorney 
General's staff. The office functions as a clearinghouse of information concerning 
the status of bills in the process of being drafted and as a central office to which 
all bill drafting requests are channeled for assignment to appropriate members 
of the Attorney General Staff. 

The codification function begins as the first bills are drafted when tentative 
codification is determinated and ends when the last enactment of the General As- 
sembly has been assigned its codification and has been successfully integrated into 
the General Statutes by the publisher. This section is responsible for the super- 
vision by the Attorney General's office of the General Statute publisher in its 
publication of the Advance Legislative Sciences, the cumulative supplements to 
the General Statutes and any new volumes of the General Statutes. 

The General Statutes Commission is a civil law revision body satutorily as- 
signed duties in civil law reform and supervision of the General Statutes (G.S. 
164-13). The General Statutes Commission also has an active legislative program 
in which it sponsors between twenty and twenty-five separate items of substantial 
legislation each session. The Commission is a nine member part-time Commission 
appointed pursuant to statute. 

The Criminal Code Commission is a twenty-six member Commission appointed 
by the Attorney General pursuant to legislative resolution. It is charged with the 
responsibility for reviewing, studying and rewriting where necessary, the crimi- 
nal law and procedure of North Carolina. 

The Consumer Protection Division 

The Consumer Protection Division was established as a division of the North 
Carolina Attorney General's Office in 1969. One of the most important functions 



Executive Branch 507 

is to protect North Carolina consumers from unfair and deceptive trade practices 
and to protect North Carolina business from dishonest and unethical competition. 
They receive complaints about business practices, and they often help resolve 
consumer problems. Immediate action is taken to inform the company of the 
complaint, and to ask for a response. 

This office does not represent an individual consumer in a lawsuit, and does 
not give personal legal advice or counsel to one person who has become involved 
in a dispute with another; however, they do investigate consumer fraud and 
initiate legal action to enjoin unfair and deceptive trade practices. 

Utilities Division 

Pursuant to G.S. 62-20, the Assistant Attorney General who heads the Utili- 
ties Division has the duty and responsibility, when it is deemed by the Attorney 
General to be in the public interest, of intervening in proceedings before the 
North Carolina Utilities Commission on behalf of the using and consuming public, 
including utility users generally and agencies of the State. 

Education, Labor, and Corrections Division 

The Education, Labor and Corrections Division is directly responsible for 
providing legal assistance to the following governmental agencies: State Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction; State Board of Education; State Department of 
Labor; State Department of Correction; North Carolina Ports Authority; North 
Carolina Housing Corporation; All sixteen state-supported institutions of higher 
learning; and all educational institutions organized and operated pursuant to 
Chapter 115A of the General Statutes (community colleges, technical institutes 
and industrial education centers). 

State Agencies Division 

The principal areas of responsibility for this division relate to acting as 
legal advisor to the various state agencies, boards, and commissions; participa- 
tion in the handling of criminal appeals in the North Carolina Court of Appeals, 
the North Carolina Supreme Court, and the various federal courts, up to and 
including the United States Supreme Court; participation in the proescution or 
defense of all civil suits, both trial and appellate, in the state and federal courts, 
which involve the state agencies which this division represents; and the drafting 
of proposed legislation for each session of the General Assembly. 

In carrying out these responsibilities, the State Agencies Division is divided 
into three sections: General Section, Human Resources Section, and Taxation 
Section. 

The General Section handles such diverse branches of state government as 
the Department of Agriculture, the Teachers' and State Employees' Retirement 
System, the Board of Alcoholic Beverage Control, and the Office of Water and 
Air Resources. In addition, this section handles criminal appeals on behalf of 
the state in both the state and federal courts as well as civil cases on behalf of 
the various state departments, boards and agencies at the trial and appellate 



508 North Carolina Manual 

level in the state and federal courts. In short, this section handles all those legal 
matters of the State Agencies Division which cannot be neatly categorized in 
either of the other two sections. 

The Human Resources Section primary responsibility is to act as legal advisor 
to the Department of Human Resources. More specifically this section advises 
the Division of Mental Health Services, the Division of Social Services and the 
administrative offices of the Department of Human Resources. 

The Taxation Section represents and advises the Department of Revenue. 
This division handles criminal appeals at the state and federal appellate level as 
well as civil suits on behalf of the state agencies which are represented; and they 
actively participate in the drafting of legislation for the members of each General 
Assembly. 

Local Government — State Agencies Division 

This Division is responsible for legal matters in the following major areas: 

(1) Advice to counties and municipalities generally; 

(2) State Board of Elections — County and city boards of elections; 

(3) State Board of Alcoholic Control — County and city boards; 

(4) Courts, Solicitors, Administrative Office of the Courts; 

(5) Department of Motor Vehicles — State Highway Patrol; 

(6) Industrial Commission — Tort claims, Workmen's Compensation; 

(7) Collections — Student loans, accounts — All State agencies, educational 
institutions; 

(8) Criminal Law — Advise to all State and local law enforcement agencies; 
(10) Information tapes and bulletins for law enforcement agencies, courts; 

(12) Trial of cases involving various agencies, State officials, and employees; 
and 

(13) Legislative drafting — Misc. matters— Special assignments. 

State Highway Division 

The State Highway Division furnishes legal counsel to the State Highway 
Commission and the Property Control Division and the Purchase and Contract 
Division of the Department of Administration. These State agencies award and 
administer public works contracts deal with the acquisition, control, and disposi- 
tion of real and personal property for the State. The Highway Division also 
handles legal matters involving Occupational Licensing Boards related to the 
construction industry including the Licensing Board for Professional Engineers 
and Land Surveyors, Architects, Plumbing and Heating Contractors, Electrical 
Contractors, and the General Contractors. The State Highway Division is divided 
into the Contracts Section, the Land Section, and the Property Control Section. 

Department of Administration Division 

The Deparment of Administration Division advises and assists the Depart- 
ment of Administration and all State agencies in the management of the State's 
lands. Acquisition of highway right of way is excluded. 



Executive Branch 509 

A major requirement is constant consultation with Department of Adminis- 
tration officials and to a lesser degree those of the State agencies. Other major 
duties of the Division are: Advising the Department of Administration problems 
of vacant and unappropriated lands such as oil and mining leases, private claims, 
encroachments, determination of State ownership, State's boundaries and ocean 
problems. In ocean problems liaison and coordination are maintained with the 
Ocean Law Consultant of the Attorney General's Office. 

State Bureau of Investigation 

The State Bureau of Investigation was established in order to secure a more 
effective administration of the criminal laws of North Carolina, to prevent crime, 
and to procure the speedy apprehension of criminals. The State Bureau of In- 
vestigation assists in the identification of criminals, their apprehension, and also 
helps in the scientific analysis of evidence of crimes and the investigation and 
preparation of evidence which is to be used in criminal courts. Whenever request- 
ed by sheriffs, police officers, solicitors and judges, the State Bureau of Investi- 
gation lends its assistance to them. 

Under the Attorney General's leadership, the SBI has more than tripled in 
size and effectiveness. At the present time we have a total size of just over 200, 
divided into two major areas — Field Investigations and Crime Laboratory. 

The Bureau has been able to extend its services for criminal investigations 
to local law enforcement. The great majority of our commitment is in this direc- 
tion and in spite of a tripling of manpower, we are still having difficulty in keep- 
ing up with the requests. We are, however, more able now to concentrate man- 
power on major investigations and to supplement field investigators with the 
crime lab specialists, as well as the technical expertise of the laboratory, in which 
there has been a greater degree of specialization. The arson investigators from 
the Department of Insurance also were added to the Bureau under the reorganiza- 
tion last year. 

At the present time we are in the process of developing an organized crime 
control field unit or tactical squad. This tactical operation in the field will be 
coordinated with increased efforts in the organized crime control unit of the lab- 
oratory. 

Police Information Network 

The Police Information Network (PIN) which is established under the Di- 
vision of Criminal Statistics was established in order to devise, maintain and 
operate a system for receiving and disseminating to participating agencies in- 
formation that will assist in the performance of duties required in the administra- 
tion of criminal justice throughout North Carolina. Such information, for ex- 
ample, includes motor vehicle registration, driver's license, wanted and missing 
persons, stolen property, warrants, stolen vehicles, firearms registration, drugs, 
drug users, and parole and probation histories. 

The genesis for the Police Information Network System can be traced to 
the decade 1960-70. During this period crime within our State continued to rise 



510 North Carolina Manual 

even though law enforcement agencies were making increased efforts to determine 
its causes, trends, effects, and solutions. Studies revealed that if more timely and 
accurate information could be supplied to North Carolina law enforcement agen- 
cies, they could perform their duties much more effectively and perhaps cope with 
the rising tide of crime. 

North Carolina's answer to the crime problem was to introduce the computer 
to the law enforcement community. The 1969 General Assembly passed legisla- 
tion officially creating the Police Information Network as a new agency under the 
Department of Justice. With the official creation of PIN, a system had been 
proposed and authorized to provide a computer oriented filing system and com- 
munications network which would provide information to qualified agencies con- 
cerned with the administration of criminal justice anywhere in the State. PIN 
has been developed to overcome the traditional communication and information 
problems that have plagued law enforcement. Its job is to provide to the law 
enforcement community of North Carolina information accurately, rapidly, and 
at the right time to support its task. 

PIN is bringing to some 500 law enforcement agencies the advantages of 
computer science and related technology. PIN maintains information as the 
trusted custodian of the law enforcement community. The integrity of the sys- 
tem and the confidentiality of the data are considered prime concerns of PIN. 
The system has dual objectives of effective law enforcement and protection of 
individual rights. 



Executive Branch 511 

BOARDS UNDER THE JURIST1CTION 
OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

CRIMINAL CODE COMMISSION 

Regular Membership 

Mr. Alle