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TOBACCO REPORT - 1972-73 




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The Bulletin 
of the 



North Carolina Department of Agriculture 



James A. Graham, Commissioner 
Number 211, May 1973 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Forward 3 

1972 -- A Record Year 4 

Tobacco Warehouses Required to Carry Adequate 

Fire Insurance 8 

State Market Summary 1972-73 10 

North Carolina Tobacco Warehouse Sales Report for Season 

1972-73 14 

Summary of N. C. Dealer and Warehouse Resales — 1972 16 

Producer and Gross Sales of Flue-Cured Tobacco by States — 

1972 16 

Flue Cured Movement In and Out of North Carolina 17 

Burley Movement In and Out of North Carolina 17 

Flue-Cured Stabilization Receipts by Types and States — 

1972 18 

Burley Stabilization Receipts for N. C. and Total U. S. 

1972-73 18 

N. C. Burley Tobacco Allotments — 1973 19 

N. C. Flue Cured Tobacco Allotments — 1973 ... 20 

North Carolina Burley Crops 1928-1972 22 

North Carolina Flue-Cured Crops 1920-1972 23 

North Carolina Tobacco Warehouses and Operators by Belts 

and Markets — 1972 24 

State Board of Agriculture 31 

Domestic Tax Paid Cigarette Consumption by Kinds — 

1972 32 



For free distribution by the Field Crops Section, 

Division of Markets, North Carolina Department 

of Agriculture, Raleigh, N. C. 

Curtis F. Tarleton, Director, Division of Markets 

J. H. Cyrus, Chief, Field Crops Section 

J. T. Bunn, Tobacco Marketing Specialist 



Foreword 




The twenty-fourth annual issue of the 
North Carolina Tobacco Report was 
compiled and assembled under the 
direction of J. H. Cyrus, Chief of the 
Field Crops Section and J. T. Bunn, 
Tobacco Marketing Specialist, 
Division of Markets, North Carolina 
Department of Agriculture. 

In North Carolina, tobacco continues 
to account for almost two-thirds of the 
total cash income from all crops. Yet, 
only one acre in every eleven acres of 
harvested crop land in North Carolina 
is planted in tobacco. More than ninety 

of North Carolina's counties grow tobacco, and over 300,000 
persons — farmers and their families — depend on tobacco for a 
major source of their livelihood. 

North Carolina produces and markets approximately two- 
thirds of all the flue-cured tobacco grown in the United States, 
and the tobacco industry of this State manufactures around 
fifty-five percent of all the cirgarettes made in the U. S. A. 

Tobacco produced in North Carolina contributes heavily 
toward this nation's balance in foreign trade. In 1971-72 North 
Carolina's share of the exports of unmanufactured tobacco 
contributed $302 million toward the balance of payment in 
world trade. 

This annual publication contains a wealth of information 
related to all phases of this great industry, and it is made 
available to those who request it from year to year throughout 
the United States and in several foreign countries. 

Recognition is given the Cooperative Crop Reporting Service, 
the Agricultural Stabilization Conservation Service, the Flue- 
Cured Tobacco Cooperative Stabilization Corporation, and the 
Tobacco Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U. S. 
Department of Agriculture for their cooperation in making data 
available for this publication. 




Commissioner of Agriculture 



1972- A RECORD YEAR 



It appears that the record farm prices received in 1972 will go 
down in history as a year to remember. Record prices were 
established, not only for tobacco but for most of our major crops 
in the Tarheel state. Tobacco, of course, is North Carolina's 
number one cash crop, accounting for more than 60 percent of 
the cash receipts from all crops produced in this state. After 
tobacco, the next four leading crops in order of their cash 
returns are corn, soybeans, peanuts and cotton. 

Tobacco — from the grass root farmers on through all phases 
of the industry — enjoyed one of its best years yet. New records 
were established in average prices paid to growers for their 
1972 flue-cured crop. This resulted in an all-time high gross 
dollar return from the crop. The 1972 crop was sold during the 
shortest span of any marketing season on record. Manufac- 
turers also established new records in the total number of 
cigarettes produced, in the volume of cigarettes exported, and 
domestic consumption of cigarettes reached an all-time record 
in 1972. From all indications, the tobacco industry is healthy 
and growing. 

1972 Marketing Season 

The record-breaking 1972 flue-cured marketing season was 
very unuasual in that all grades from the poorest to the highest 
quality sold within a few cents of the same high price per pound. 
The record average price received by Tarheel flue-cured 
growers was $85.65 per hundred pounds — $8.00 above the 
previous record established in 1971. This gave North Carolina 
growers a record gross return of $572 million from the sale of 
667 million pounds of flue-cured tobacco in 1972. 

North Carolina burley tobacco growers received an average 
of $77.53 per hundred from the sale of their 1972 crop — about 
$2.24 per hundred less than the record average of $79.77 in 1971. 
However, their gross return of slightly more than $13.7 million 
from the sale of 17.7 million pounds of burley tobacco was in line 
with their average gross returns during the last several years. 

New Plateau 

The new plateaus reached by the tobacco manufacturing 
industry in 1972 included an all-time record production of 599 



billion cigarettes — up about 4 percent from the previous year. 
Of the total production, U. S. smokers consumed a record 552 
billion tax paid cigarettes, which was 4 percent more than the 
previous record consumption of 1971. Also, the exports of U. S. 
manufactured cigarettes reached a new record of 34 billion. The 
export of cigarettes has increased more than 30 percent during 
the last 3 years. Thus, it appears that the tobacco industry is in 
a healthy state, and that the ban two years ago on T. V. and 
radio advertising of cigarettes has had no noticiceble effect on 
total sales of cigarettes. 

Tax Threat 

The biggest threat to the tobacco industry today continues to 
come from state and local governments in their determined 
efforts to place unreasonable tax burdens on cigarettes, which 
has had the effect of pricing cigarettes out of the market in 
many states. There are 36 states that have cigarette taxes that 
range from 10 cents to 21 cents per pack. The average state 
cigarette tax currently is slightly more than 12 cents per pack. 
However, through the broadly expanded program and efforts of 
the Tobacco Tax Council, the trend toward higher and higher 
state taxes on cigarettes has been slowed. In 1972 only six states 
increased cigarette taxes, compared to 15 states in 1971 . Thus, it 
appears that progress is being made in curbing this threat to 
the tobacco industry. 

Outlook for 1973 

In view of the over-all improvement in the tobacco situation, 
the outlook for 1973 is very optimistic. For the first time in 
many years, the 1973 flue-cured marketing season will start 
with practically no surplus on hand above the normal reserve 
supply. In fact, a shortage of supply currently exists in many 
grades of flue-cured tobacco that come from the lower half of 
the plant. This situation lead to a sharp increase in flue-cured 
imports in 1972. 

Because of the flue-cured supply situation it was necessary 
under the provisions of the Tobacco Act for the U. S. Secretary 
of Agriculture to increase quotas by 10 percent for 1973. This 
increase pushed the national flue-cured quota up to 1, 178.4 
million pounds. The net quota carryover from under- 
marketings in 1972 amounted to 31.7 million pounds. Thus, the 
effective 1973 national flue-cured quota is for 1,210 million 
pounds. However, based on U. S. flue-cured growers March 1 



intentions of planting 572,000 acres in 1973, at an average yield 
of 2,000 pounds per acre, it appears that the 1973 flue-cured 
production will amount to only about 1,144 million pounds. This 
would be 132 million pounds more than the 1972 production. 

North Carolina's share of the 1973 base quota is 778 million 
pounds, with an under-marketing quota carryover of 18 million 
pounds. This gives North Carolina an effective quota of 796 
million pounds for 1973. Here again, Tarheel growers indicated 
on March 1 that they would plant only 371,000 acres of their 
allotted 431,000 acres in 1973. At an average yield of 2,000 
pounds, this would project the North Carolina 1973 flue-cured 
production at about 742 million pounds. 

The 1973 U. S. basic burley quota, which under the law must 
be at least 95 percent of the expected use for the market year, 
was increased 5 percent pushing the base quota up to 560.5 
million pounds. The carryover quota resulting from under- 
marketing is estimated at 23 million pounds, which put the 
national effective burley quota at 584 million pounds. 

The base quota for North Carolina burley growers is 20 
million pounds, plus 4.5 million pounds carried over from un- 
der-marketing, giving them an effective quota of 24.5 million 
pounds for 1973. 

Price supports for 1973 are up 5.4 percent, pushing the 
average support level for flue-cured up to 76.6 cents per pound. 
This increase in the support price will hold most top quality 
grades near the record prices paid for those grades last season. 
The expected larger volume of tobacco will likely cause some 
downward shift in prices of poorer quality grades, which will 
restore the normal spread in the buying pattern. This price 
spread for flue-cured in 1973 will likely range mostly between 
$70.00 and $90.00 per hundred pounds, with a season average 
ranging between $80.00 and $85.00 per hundred if the quality of 
the crop is maintained. With the increase in quota, this should 
give Tarheel growers another record gross income from their 
1973 flue-cured crop. 

The burley support level was pushed up to an average of 78.9 
cents per pound. Thus, burley growers can expect the 1973 crop 
to average better than $80.00 per hundred, if they can come up 
with another good smoking crop. 

The current situation throughout the tobacco industry is 
showing favorable trends. It is expected that the production of 
cigarettes, as well as domestic consumption, will rise above the 
record 1972 level. Thus, it appears that all segments of the 
tobacco industry will enjoy another record year in 1973. 



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Tobacco Warehouses Required to 
Carry Adequate Fire Insurance 

North Carolina General Statutes 106-465 relating to the 
"organization and membership of tobacco boards of trade" 
were amended during the 1973 session of the General Assembly 
to require that adequate fire insurance coverage be a 
prerequisite to membership in a Tobacco Board of Trade for the 
purpose of operatina a tobacco action warehouse. 

The amended law states that: 

"Each Tobacco Board of Trade organized pursuant to this 
section shall, on or before June 1, 1973, by regulation, require 
that all auction warehouse firms which are members of, or 
may hereafter request membership in, such Board of Trade 
for the purpose of displaying for sale and selling leaf tobacco, 
deposit with the Board of Trade prior to the market opening, 
a copy of a policy of fire insurance and extended coverage in 
a company licensed to do business in North Carolina to fully 
insure, as determined by the Board of Trade, the market 
value of the maximum volume of tobacco that will be 
weighed and left displayed for sale on said warehouse floor at 
any time during the marketing season. Warehouses using 
mechanized conveyor line auction sales where tobacco is not 
displayed for sale on sales floor would be excluded from the 
requirement of this regulation. 

In determining the market value and maximum volume of 
tobacco that will be weighed and placed on said warehouse 
floor at any one time, the Board of Trade shall use as criteria 
the prior season's official gross average price for that belt, as 
recorded by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture 
and the maximum limit of daily sales, as recommended by 
the currently functioning flue-cured and burley tobacco 
marketing organizations, applied to each warehouse based 
on the firm's pro rata share of the market's maximum limit 
daily sales opportunity, multiplied times the number of days 
of sales that said warehouse plans to place on sales floor at 
any one time, including any and all tobacco weighed and 
deposited with the warehouse as bailee for future sale. The 
data relating to the official average price and the maximum 
limits of daily sales shall be assembled and supplied by the 
North Carolina Commissioner of Agriculture or his 
representative to the Board of Trade in each tobacco market 



in North Carolina, at least 30 days prior to the opening of 
markets in each belt. 

It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to 
operate an auction sale in said market until said policy is so 
deposited with and approved by the Board of Trade. The 
Board of Trade shall enjoin the sale of tobacco by any 
warehouse firm that fails to so deposit a policy of fire in- 
surance and extended coverage with the Board." 



state Market Summary 1972-73 

Congratulations are certainly in order to all North Carolina 
tobacco farmers who, with help of a good growing season, 
produced a suberb crop of tobacco during 1972. Evidence of fine 
quality production was demonstrated repeatedly by record high 
prices in all flue-cured belts. Favorable weather in most areas, 
except possibly the Old Belt, and other production factions 
combined to produce a mature, thin to medium bodied crop, 
superior in quality to any crop produced in recent years. This 
excellent production came at a time when tobacco stocks were 
at an unusually low level, so manufacturers and dealers were 
eager to obtain more than normal percentages of the season 
sales. Therefore, prices climbed above all predicted levels until 
most of the crop had been sold. Prices did decline considerably 
toward the end of the flue-cured season and the farmers that 
could not sell their tobacco early in the market season were 
yoked with an additional burden of having to accept prices 
much less than the season average. 

The flue-cured average price for North Carolina markets 
attained a mark of eminence during 1972, with the State 
average reaching a record high of $85.83 per hundred pounds, 
surpassing the 1971 average by $8.19 per hundred pounds. Value 
of 1972 producer sales in North Carolina markets was 
$533,407,488 an increase of $29,493,119 over 1971 sales; and 
volume decreased to 621,494,537 pounds, down 26,845,159 pounds 
from 1971 sales. 

Burley prices during the 1972-73 season averaged $77.53 per 
hundred pounds and is the second highest average on record in 
North Carolina. This average was down $2.24 per hundred 
pounds from the all-time high recorded during the 1971-72 
season. Volume and value of the 1972-73 season sales increased 
substantially over the previous season sales. 

TYPE 13. Border Belt markets held opening sales on July 25 
and the 1972 record breaking tobacco season commenced. 
Markets were open for 38 sales days and closed on September 
28. 

Quality showed improvement again in 1972 with the crop 
containing an unusually large percentage of cutter and fair to 
fine leaf. 

Grade price averages increased $2.00-$13.00 per hundred 
pounds over last year's average with the larger increases going 
to lower quality offerings. Border Belt markets established a 
new record average in 1972 of $85.38 per hundred pounds, up 

10 



$9.58 per hundred pounds from the 1971 record average. 

Producer sales in 1972 declined to 107,710,183 pounds, selling 
for $91,966,941. In 1971, producers sold 118,800,860 pounds for 
$90,050,761. 

Stabilization receipts were smaller in the Border markets 
than any other North Carolina belt. Only 623,101 pounds went 
under loan, amounting to 0.6 percent of producer sales. In 1971 
stabilization received 9,039,555 pounds or 7.8 percent of 
producer sales. 

TYPE 12. Eastern Belt markets opened for a fourth con- 
secutive record breaking year on August 8. Only 7 markets with 
11 sets of buyers operated during the first two weeks of the 
season, but farmers were well pleased with the limited early 
opening in 1972. Eastern sales were spread over a period of 52 
sales days with final sales occuring on November 9. 

Quality was exceptionally good in the east with an increase in 
percentage of primings and cutters and a larger volume of ripe 
orange grades being sold. Overall, the eastern crop was the best 
in several years. 

Grade price averages jumped $3.00-$11.00 per hundred 
pounds with practically all grades being up $7.00-$10.00 per 
hundred pounds. Eastern Belt markets achieved the highest 
season average on record in North Carolina of $87.34 per hun- 
dred pounds, an increase of $8.81 per hundred pounds over the 
1971 average. 

Producer sales for 1972 increased slightly to 316,441,050 
pounds, returning farmers $276,394,101. During the 1971 season, 
producers sold 316,362,168 pounds valued at $248,454,294. 

Stabilization received 8,206,770 pounds or 2.6 percent of 
producer sales, a decrease from 1971 when 19,204,496 pounds or 
6.1 percent of producer sales went to stabilization. 

TYPE 11 B. Middle Belt markets began another record 
breaking year on August 22. During the first three weeks of 
sales, three markets operated with four sets of buyers in ac- 
cordance with the early limited opening schedule and 
remaining markets opened on September 11. The season was 
distributed over a period of 46 sales days and final sale occurred 
on November 14. Middle Belt growers found early opening to be 
a very acceptable innovation in the marketing schedule. 

Quality of offerings increased slightly with larger per- 
centages of good and fair grades being sold. Most of the crop 
was ripe but an apparent decrease was noticed in mellow 
smoking leaf grades. 

11 



Grade price averages improved $1.00-$11.00 per hundred, 
with most increases being $5.00-$8.00 per hundred pounds. 
Middle Belt markets reached another level average for the 
season of $84.96 per hundred pounds, up $7.68 from the record 
set in 1971. 

Producer sale pounds decreased again in 1972 to 104,963,197 
pounds, but value increased to $89,176,792. In comparison, the 
1971 sales amounted to 113,235,768 pounds and returned farmers 
$87,505,872. 

Stabilization receipts amounted to 3,123,560 pounds or 3.0 
percent of producer sales. During 1971, stabilization received 
5,400,965 pounds of 4.8 percent of producer sales. 

TYPE llA. Old Belt markets opened simultaneously with 
Middle Belt markets in 1972. The beginning date for the two 
early opening markets, which used three sets of buyers, was 
August 22, and other markets opened on September 11. North 
Carolina markets operated for 46 sale days and concluded on 
November 14 ending a record breaking season. 

Quality improved again in 1972 with larger proportions of fair 
and good grades, especially in the priming, lug and cutter 
grades. However, there was a sizable increase in the volume of 
unripe and green leaf grades offered for sale. 

Grade price averages for most grades increased $1.00-$12.00 
per hundred pounds with the larger increases going to priming 
grades. Some of the unripe variegated leaf grades were down 
$1.00-$6.00 per hundred pounds. North Carolina Old Belt 
markets established a new record of $82.13 per hundred pounds, 
an increase of $4.70 per hundred over the 1971 season average. 

Producer sales volume and value declined in 1972 to 92,380,107 
pounds valued at $75,869,654. In 1971, producers sold 99,580,900 
pounds for $77,104,749. 

Stabilization receipts increased in 1972 due to a drop in 
demand for tobaccos during late season sales. A total of 
6,048,814 pounds went under government loan or 6.6 percent 
sales. In 1971, only 3,774,199 pounds or 3.8 percent producer 
sales went to stabilization. 

TYPE 31. Burley markets opened November 20 for a very 
good marketing season. Markets operated for 21 sale days and 
final sales on North Carolina markets were held January 10. 

Quality of offerings showed improvement with larger per- 
centages of good and choice grades of medium body. Also, ther 
was a noticeable decrease in green and red grades. 

Grade price averages declined $1.00-$4.00 per hundred 
pounds, with most all grades selling within a narrow price 

12 



range. The season average for North Carolina markets was 
$77.53 per hundred pounds, a decrease of $2.24 per hundred 
pounds from the record high season average in 1971 . 

Producer sales increased substantially on North Carolina 
markets. Farmers sold 17,092,489 pounds for a price of 
$13,251,867 during the 1972-73 season. In 1972-73, growers sold 
12,522,449 pounds valued at $9,989,391. 

Burley stabilization receipts were small, only 236,976 pounds 
or 1.3 percent of producer sales went under government loan 
during the 1972-73 season. However, no tobacco in North 
Carolina was placed under loan during the 1971-72 season. 



13 



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15 



Summary of N. C. Dealer and 
Warehouse Resales — 1972 



Percentage 

Belt Pounds Dollars Resales 

Border Belt 

Dealer 367,003 S 309,469 0.33 

Warehouse 2,867,157 2,447,137 2.58 

Eastern Belt 

Dealer 1,025,009 798,469 0.32 

Warehouse 5,736,566 4,734,869 1.77 

Middle Belt 

Dealer 668,994 532,314 0.21 

Warehouse 3,421,842 2,804,539 1.06 



805,331 


584,183 


0.82 


4,727,383 


3,979,755 


4.86 


19,619,285 


$16,190,735 


3.06 



619,420 


$ 484,190 


3.28 


1,154,923 


902,843 


6.12 


1,774,343 


$1,387,033 


9.40 



Old Belt 
Dealer 
Warehouse 

Total Flue-Cured Resales 

Burley Belt 
Dealer 
Warehouse 

Total Burley Resales 



Producer and Gross Sales of Flue-Cured 
Tobacco By States— 1972 

Producer Sales Gross Sales 

State Pounds Average Pounds Average 

N. C. 
Va. 
S. C. 
Ga. 
Fla. 

Total 

16 



621,494,537 


85.83 


641,113,822 


85.73 


99,263,157 


82.45 


102,663,716 


82.38 


134,607,276 


85.30 


138,244,876 


85.29 


135,779,296 


85.45 


140,563,450 


85.44 


24,430,474 


85.49 


25,118,393 


85.48 


1,015,574,740 


85.37 


1,047,704,257 


85.30 



Flue-Cured Movement In and Out 
of North Carolina 



N. C. Tobacco Sold Out of State Out of State Tobacco Sold in N. C. 

(Pounds) (Pounds) 

State 1972 1971 1972 1971 



Va. 


20,850,376 


24,616,564 


6,383,287 


7,120,885 


S. C. 


15,234,341 


21,831,607 


7,845,371 


8,588,961 


Ga. 


18,684,831 


26,780,462 


16,020 


70,903 


Fla. 


5,460,787 


5,240,997 






Ala. 










3,952 


Total 


60,230,335 


78,469,630 


14,244,678 


15,784,701 



Burley Tobacco Movement In and Out 
of North Carolina 



N. C. Tobacco Sold Out of State Out of State Tobacco Sold in N. C. 
(Pounds) (Pounds) 

State 1972 1971 1972 1971 



Tenn. 


3,334,308 


2,578,212 


523,875 


378,600 


Va. 


2,342 


6,070 


1,178,309 


902,092 


W. Va. 






32,306 


28,283 


Ga. 






38,719 


11,484 


S. C. 







2,146 


1,222 


Total 


3,336,650 


2,584,282 


1,775,355 


1,321,681 



17 



Flue-Cured Stabilization Receipts 
By Types and States — 1972 







Producer 


Stc 


bilization 


Percentage 


State 


Type 


Sales (lbs.) 


Receipts (lbs.) 


Stab. Received 


Va. Total 


llA 


99,263,157 




5,386,949 


5.4 


N. C. 


llA 


92,380,107 




6,048,814 


6.6 


N. C. 


IIB 


104,963,197 




3,123,560 


3.0 


N. C. 


12 


316,441,050 




8,206,770 


2.6 


N. C. 


13 


107,710,183 




623,101 


0.6 


N. C. Total 


11-13 


621,494,537 




18,002,245 


2.9 


S. C. Total 


13 


134,607,276 




471,219 


0.4 


Ga. Total 


14 


135,779,296 




400,536 


0.3 


Fla. Total 


14 


24,430,474 




19,978 


0.08 


Total All Types 11-14 


1,015,574,740 




24,280,927 


2.4 



Burley Stabilization Receipts 
For N.C. and Total U.S.— 1972-73 



State 



Type 



Producer 
Sales (lbs.) 



Stabilization 
Receipts (lbs.' 



Percentage 
Stab. Received 



N. C. 31 

U. S. Total 31 



17,907,871 
590,511,433 



236,976 
22,855,681 



1.32 
3.87 



N. C. Burley Tobacco Allotments''^ 
1973 



Number Base Effective 

County Farms Poundage Poundage Rank 



Alleghany 

Ashe 

Avery 

Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Burke 

Caldwell 

Cherokee 

Clay 

Cleveland 

Davidson 

Gaston 

Graham 

Granville 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Iredell 

Jackson 

McDowell 

Macon 

Madison 

Mitchell 

Polk 

Rutherford 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania 

Watauga 

Wilkes 

Yancey 

TOTAL 

Source USDA Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. 



572 


595,934 


680,929 


9 


2,627 


2,460,455 


2,965,820 


4 


245 


271,905 


349,480 


10 


1 


176 


343 


31 


2,968 


3,050,433 


3,758,545 


2 


17 


7,954 


13,330 


21 


20 


11,363 


19,292 


20 


193 


139,532 


213,009 


14 


230 


166,315 


235,909 


12 


8 


4,847 


6,353 


22 


2 


1,438 


1,317 


27 


1 


733 


1,430 


28 


684 


632,974 


757,263 


8 


1 


265 


517 


30 


1,907 


1,929,259 


2,350,898 


5 


120 


81,681 


136,830 


16 


3 


2,905 


5,667 


24 


277 


215,304 


352,911 


11 


72 


48,422 


74,672 


18 


248 


153,493 


243,020 


13 


2,863 


4,666,773 


5,290,800 


1 


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1,163,950 


1,431,386 


7 


4 


2,084 


4,066 


26 


54 


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51,767 


19 


2 


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484 


29 


7 


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2,960 


25 


208 


135,037 


230,098 


15 


67 


48,569 


66,161 


17 


1,698 


1,746,239 


2,199,727 


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23 


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2,469,005 


3,023,008 


3 


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21 



North Carolina Burley Crops 
1928 - 1972- 







Yield Per 








Year 


No. Acres 


Acre 


Production 


Value 


Average 






(Pounds) 


(1,000 lbs.) 


1,000 Dollars) 


Price 


1928 


3,600 


650 


2,340 


S 690 


$29.50 


1929 


5,500 


730 


4,015 


863 


21.50 


1930 


7,200 


750 


5,400 


853 


15.80 


1931 


7,100 


710 


5,041 


464 


9.20 


1932 


6,500 


735 


4,778 


726 


15.20 


1933 


9,200 


785 


7,222 


715 


9.90 


1934 


5,500 


870 


4,785 


809 


17.50 


1935 


5,200 


925 


4,810 


1,025 


21.30 


1936 


6,000 


900 


5,400 


2,095 


38.80 


1937 


9,000 


975 


8,775 


1,787 


21.40 


1938 


8,600 


900 


7,740 


1,308 


16.90 


1939 


8,100 


1,070 


8,667 


1,447 


16.70 


1940 


6,500 


1,050 


6,825 


1,242 


18.20 


1941 


6,200 


1,075 


6,665 


2,093 


31.40 


1942 


6,600 


1,150 


7,590 


3,211 


42.30 


1943 


8,500 


1,225 


10,412 


5,102 


49.00 


1944 


12,000 


1,390 


16,680 


8,157 


48.90 


1945 


13,000 


1,500 


19,500 


7,568 


38.30 


1946 


9,800 


1,475 


14,455 


5,999 


41.50 


1947 


9,600 


1,560 


14,976 


6,335 


42.30 


1948 


10,300 


1,680 


17,304 


8,012 


46.30 


1949 


10,800 


1,440 


15,552 


6,750 


43.40 


1950 


10,500 


1,700 


17,850 


9,175 


51.40 J 


1951 


12,200 


1,750 


21,350 


11,572 


54.20 1 


1952 


12,000 


1,680 


20,160 


9,818 


48.70 


1953 


11,400 


1,800 


20,520 


11,019 


53.70 


1954 


12,700 


1,920 


24,384 


12,680 


52.00 1 


1955 


9,800 


1,900 


18,620 


10,651 


57.20 1 


1956 , 


9,400 


1,850 


17,390 


10,747 


61.80 ^ 


1957 


9,600 


1,975 


18,960 


11,073 


58.40 : 


1958 


9,300 


2,000 


18,600 


11,978 


64.40 


1959 


9,800 


2,060 


20,188 


11,426 


56.60 


1960 


9,500 


1,940 


18,430 


12,016 


65.20 


1961 


10,400 


2,090 


21,736 


14,346 


66.00 


1962 


11,000 


2,185 


24,035 


14,421 


60.00 


1963 


11,000 


2,285 


25,135 


13,573 


54.00 


1964 


9,700 


2,165 


21,000 


12,054 


57.40 


1965 


8,900 


2,030 


18,067 


12,159 


67.30 


1966 


7,900 


2,320 


18,328 


12,371 


67.50 


1967 


7,800 


2,010 


15,678 


11,037 


70.40 


1968 


7,900 


2,385 


18,842 


13,868 


73.60 


1969 


7,900 


2,570 


20,303 


13,928 


68.60 


1970 


7,300 


2,545 


18,579 


13,544 


72.90 


1971 


7,000 


2,065 


14,455 


11,535 


79,80 


1972 « •■= 


7,700 


2,300 


17,710 


13,637 


77.50 



22 * Source: N. C. and USDA Crop Reporting Service. 
* * Preliminary for 1972. 



North Carolina Flue-Cured Crops 
1920-1972- 







Yield Per 








Year 


No. Acres 


Acre 


Production 


Value 


Average 






(PouncJs) 


(1,000 lbs.) 


(1,000 Dollars) 


Price 


1920 


621,900 


681 


423,703 


88,271 


20.80 


1921 


414,900 


594 


246,540 


60,402 


24.50 


1922 


444,000 


611 


271,170 


74,572 


27.50 


1923 


544,300 


728 


396,354 


81,998 


20.70 


1924 


473,500 


585 


276,819 


62,597 


22.60 


1925 


536,200 


696 


373,352 


83,756 


22.40 


1926 


546,700 


692 


378,274 


96,762 


25.60 


1927 


639,600 


755 


482,982 


100,414 


20.80 


1928 


712,400 


692 


493,132 


93,450 


19.00 


1929 


729,300 


665 


484,630 


89,470 


18.50 


1930 


768,000 


757 


581,200 


74,733 


12.90 


1931 


688,500 


692 


476,382 


42,024 


8.80 


1932 


462,500 


624 


288,750 


34,949 


12.10 


1933 


667,800 


794 


530,133 


85,530 


16.10 


1934 


486,500 


847 


412,055 


117,999 


28.60 


1935 


612,500 


635 


572,625 


116,418 


20.30 


1936 


591,000 


765 


451,975 


101,856 


22.50 


1937 


675,000 


883 


595,815 


143,058 


24.00 


1938 


603,500 


844 


509,470 


115,428 


22.70 


1939 


843,000 


964 


812,540 


123,893 


15.20 


1940 


498,000 


1,038 


516,835 


85,792 


16.60 


1941 


488,000 


928 


452,825 


132,291 


29.20 


1942 


539,000 


1,052 


566,810 


221,538 


39.10 


1943 


580,000 


935 


542,200 


219,074 


40.40 


1944 


684,000 


1,077 


736,990 


317,628 


43.10 


1945 


722,000 


1,100 


794,310 


349,148 


44.00 


1946 


802,000 


1,138 


912,970 


451,639 


49.50 


1947 


783,000 


1,139 


892,205 


374,513 


42.00 


1948 


594,000 


1,239 


739,380 


368,040 


49.80 


1949 


621,000 


1,178 


731,530 


352,508 


48.20 


1950 


640,000 


1,441 


858,140 


477,508 


55.60 


1951 


735,000 


1,331 


978,375 


523,358 


53.50 


1952 


735,000 


1,222 


898,090 


448,582 


49.90 


1953 


674,000 


1,235 


832,305 


447,076 


53.70 


1954 


686,000 


1,204 


889,490 


483,003 


54.30 


1955 


653,000 


1,499 


978,775 


520,845 


53.20 


1956 


579,000 


1,661 


961,495 


496,324 


51.60 


1957 


443,000 


1,469 


650,780 


358,442 


55.10 


1958 


429,000 


1,718 


736,855 


427,307 


58.00 


1959 


458,500 


1,533 


702,942 


407,055 


57.90 


1960 


457,500 


1,836 


839,870 


512,731 


61.10 


1961 


463,000 


1,797 


832,215 


541,468 


65.10 


1962 


483,000 


1,890 


912,810 


549,594 


60.20 


1963 


460,500 


1,999 


920,660 


535,622 


58.18 


1964 


416,000 


2,282 


949,450 


549,875 


57.90 


1965 


375,000 


1,840 


690,050 


442,796 


64.20 


1966 


409,500 


1,859 


761,360 


506,605 


66.50 


1967 


395,400 


2,071 


818,997 


523,809 


64.00 


1968 


350,500 


1,850 


648,533 


430,613 


66.45 


1969 


378,500 


1,838 


695,665 


502,305 


72.20 


1970 


383,800 


2,076 


796,941 


571,211 


71.70 


1971 


339,000 


2,102 


712,960 


552,544 


77.50 


1972* * 


332,000 


1,993 


661,520 


566,179 


85.60 



* Source: N. C. and USDA Crop Reporting Service. 
* Preliminary tor 1972 

Note: Since 1965, production is pounds produced and does not reflect pounds not sold or 23 

pounds carried forward to the next season. 



North Carolina Tobacco Warehouses and Operators 
By Belts and Markets — 1972 



BORDER BELT 

Chadbourn (one set buyers) 

Jimmy Green Whse. — Jimmy Green 
Producers — Jack W. Garrett, Cricket Garett 

Clarkton (one set buyers) 

New Clarkton — AAaynard Talley, Cecil Hartley 
Bright Leaf — Jimmy Green 

Fair Bluff (one set buyers) 

Powell — B. A. Powell, Albert H. Powell 

Planters — Randolph Currin, B. W. Currin, C. W. Shaw, S. Lawrence, 

H. E. and HI. B. Dunn 
Fair Bluff Warehouse, Inc. — J. G. McNeill, Gen. AAgr. 

Fairmont (four sets buyers) 

Big Brick Carolina — A. W. AAcDaniel, A. D. Lewis, Jr. ~ 

Liberty-Twin States — Lynn Floyd, Hoke Smith, Jr., Clarence Joyce Estate 

Holliday-Frye— E. H. Frye, J. W. and J. AA. Holliday 

Square Deal — Mrs. W. G. Bassett, C. L. Smith 

Planters-Mitchell — Harry Mitchell, Morris Daniel 

Fayetteville (one set buyers) 

Big Farmers — P. L. Campbell, A. R. Talley, Jr., Dan Talley 
Planters — J. C. Adams, Billy Adams, Jimmy Adams 

Lumberton (three sets buyers) 

Carolina — J. L. Townsend, Sr. & Jr., J. E. Johnson, Jr., Sam Dunn 
Smith-Dixie — Cecil Thompson, Jack Pait 
Hedgpeth — E. H. Collins, Albert Thornton, Jr. 
Liberty — H. D. Goode, R. H. Livermore, Frank White 
Star — D. T. Stephenson, Hogan Teater, Russell Teater 
Cooperative — C. E. McLaurin, Mgr. 

Tabor City (one set buyers) 

R. C. Coleman Co. — R. C. Coleman, Sr., Mrs. Harriet Sikes 
Planters — Don Watson, Mgr. 

Whiteville (three sets buyers) 

Gray & Neal — A. Dial Gray, J. L. Neal 

Crutchfield — G. E. & R. W. Crutchfield 

Lea's Big Dixie — William Townes Lea, Louie Love 

Liberty — J. W. Hooks, C. B. Barefoot, R. A. Barefoot, Mrs. Molly Barefoot 

Moore's — C. C. Mason, C. F. Jeffcoat 

Nelson's — Jim Smith, Lennox Long, Milton Gore 

Planters — A. O. King, Jr., Cliff Stephens 

Smith's — Ernest Smith, Joe T. Smith 

24 



EASTERN BELT 

Ahoskie (one set buyers) 

Basnight No. 1-2-3— L. L. Wilkins, Sr. & Jr., H. G. Veazey, H. Jenkins 
Farmers 18. 2 — W. M. Odoms, S. S. Pierce, J. L. Morris 

Clinton (one set buyers) 

Carolina — L. D. Herring, C. J. Strickland, N. L. Daughtry, L. D. Starling, 

J. P. Gore, Mrs. M. L. Bethune 
Ross — Clarence Kirvin, Jr. 

Dunn (one set buyers) 

Lee's Planters, Inc. — Leiand Lee 

Big Four Whse. — Jack Calhoun, John Calhoun, Cleo Jones 

Farmville (two sets buyers) 

Bell's — R. A. Bell & Bros. 

Fountain & Monk — John F. Fountain, J.I. Oakly, Robert Pierce 

Planters — Chester Worthington, W. O. Newell, B. S. Correll, David Jones 

and Mark Mozingo 
New Blue — W. A. Allen 

Goldsboro (one set buyers) 

Carolina — Guy Best, D. M. Price 

Farmers — Rudy Hill 

Big Brick — J. R. Musgrave, Sr. & Jr., Helen Musgrave 

Victory — Richard Gray 

Greenville (five sets buyers) 

Cannon's — W. T. Cannon, Carlton Dail 

Farmers — W. Arthur Tripp, T. P. Thompson, Harold Watson, Jack 
Warren 

Star-Planters — B. B. Sugg, Harding Sugg 

Keel — J. A. Worthinton, J. B. Worthington, Fenner Allen 

New Independent — T. W. Pruitt, W. A. Pruitt, James Belcher, W. E. 
Pruitt 

Raynor-Forbes-Clark — Noah Raynor, A. A. Forbes, Billy Clark, W. M. 
Zachman 

New Carolina — Laddie Avery, Larry Hudson 

Kinston (four sets buyers) 

Knott's 1 & 2 — Graham Knott, Billy Brewer 
Farmers-New Dixie — John Jenkins, Sr. & Jr., Lee Jenkins 
New Central — W. I. Herring, Bill King 
H & H — Dempsey Hodges, Virgil Harper 
Central — W. I. Herring, Bill King 

Robersonville (one set buyers) 

Grays-Red Front-Central — J. H. Gray, Jack Sharp, James E. Gray 
Hardee Whse., Inc. — Edwin Lee 

Rocky Mount (four sets buyers) 

Cobb & Carlton — W. E. Cobb, Jr., J C. Carlton 

25 



Manqum, Inc. — W. H. Phipps, General AAgr. 

Planters — S. S. Edmondson 

Smith's -~ James D. Smith, Sr., & Jr. 

Works R. J. Works, Jr., A. B. Raynor 

P(>oples Guy Barnes, Gene Simmons, James Walker 

Farmers — Joe W. Coleman, Allen C. Cooper 

Fenners - J. B. Fenner 

Srnithfield (two sets buyers) 

Farmers — N. Leo Daughtry, Bill Kennedy 

Planters Riverside — Joe Stephenson, Jerry Stephenson, Gilbert 
Stephenson 

Gold Leaf — R. A. Pearce, Sr. & Jr. 
Wallace — Bobby Wallace, Larry Wallace 

Tarboro (one set buyers) 

Clark 1 & 2 — J. F. Wilson, Jr., George L. Proctor 

Farmers No. 1 & 2 — Walter Walker, W. G. Maples, Fred L. Walston 

Victory - W V. Leggett, C. H. Leggett 

Wallace (one set buyers) 

Blanchard & Farrior — O. C. Blanchard, Sr. & Jr., W. H. Farrior, R. H. 

Lanier 

Hussey - Joe Bryant 

Sheffield's — Homer AA. Boney, Jr. 

Farmers — H. G. Perry 

Washinqlon (one set buyers) 

Sermon's — W. J. Sermon, Harry L. Roberts 
Tallcy W. G. Talley 
Hassell - Malcolm P. Hassell 

Wendell (one set buyers) 

Liberty Farmers — H. H. Eddins, Berdon Eddins 
Northside — Graham Dean, Bill Sanders 
Banner — C. P. (Pete) Southerland 

Williamston (one set buyers) 

Rogers- Urbin Rogers, H. L. Barnhill, Rossell Rogers 
New Dixie -- C. Fisher Harris, J. Elmo Lilley 

Wilson (five sets buyers) 

Big Dixie — W. Cecil Thompson, W. C. Edmundson 

Centre Brick - S. M. Cozart, U. H. Cozart, i 1 1, Fred M. Eagles 

Bob's and Clark's — C. R. Clark 

Growers - Clifford Aycock, Mgr. 

Liberty — J. T. Worthington, W. Cecil Moore, Robert D. Oldham 

Nichols & Scott — A. B. Nichols, Clay Scott 

Smith Planters — S. Grady Deans, John F. Deans 

Wainwright's — George L. Wainwright, Sr. & Jr. 

Windsor (one set buyers) 

Planters No. 1 & 2 — C. B. Griffin, B. U. Griffin, Dave Newson 
Farmers — Bill Davis, Norman Swain 

26 



MIDDLE BELT 

Aberdeen (one set buyers) 

Planters W. Fentriss Phillips 
Hardee's Hugh T. Hardee 

Carthage (one set buyers) 

AAcConnells E. C. Layton, Earl J. Ennis, George W. Mabe 
Victory - E. C. Layton, Earl J. Ennis 
Farmers - Bill Carter, Sr. & Jr. 

Durham (three sets buyers) 

Liberty - Walker Stone, Sr. & Jr., K. O. Bishop 
Roycroft Mangum — J. K. Roycroft, Randolph Currin 
Star Brick 1 & 2 - W. W. Cozart, W. L. Currin, A. L. Carver 
Farmers Planters — J. M. Talley, Bob Dale, Sam Mangum 

Ellcrbe (one set buyers) 

Farmers Cecil Moore, Bobby Oldham, Ralph Duncan 
Richmond County — Ashton Richardson, R. P. Brim, Jr. 

Fuquay Varina (two sets buyers) 

New Deal - Dan Talley, Dan Brisson 

Gold Leaf — J. W. Dale 

Carolina — E. E. Clayton, Larry C. Knott 

Roberts - Joe Roberts 

Five Points — Waverly Aikens, Billy Adams 

Henderson (two sets buyers) 

Moore's Big Banner — A. H. Moore, C. E. Jetfcoat, B. W. Young 

Carolina — J. S. Royster, 1. J. Jackson 

Farmers — W. J. Alston, Jr. 

High Price Dixie — C. B. Turner, R. E. Tanner, R. E. Fleming, S. P. 

Fleming, J. K. Parks, M. D. Abbott 

Liberty 1 & 2 — George T. Robertson, S. E. Southerland, John Wilson 

Ellington — F. H. Ellington, John Ellington 

Alston's ~ W. J. Alston, Jr. 

Big Dollar — M. L. Hight, James H, O'Brien 

Louisburg (one set buyers) 

Big Franklin — S. T. Cottrell, H. B. Cottrell 

Ford's — Charlie Ford 

Star — James Speed, Gus McGhee, Clemmon Pearce 

Foster — John Foster, S. E. Southerland 

Oxford (two sets buyers) 

Banner-Mitchell — David Mitchell 

Fleming — F. O. Finch, D. T. Currin, Jr. 

Johnson-High Price- Owen — C. R. Watkins, Jr., John S. Wat kins, Jr., 

T. J. Currin, Joe Hamme, S. M. Watkins, C. B. Wilkins 
Yeargin-Granville — R. W. Crews, W. W. Yeargin 



27 



Sanford (one set buyers) 

Twin City — W. M. Carter, T. W. Mansfield 
Morgan's — Jimmy Morgan 

Warrenton (one set buyers) 

Boyd's — B. W. Currin, Jr. 

Centre — M. P. Carroll, E. W. Radford, E. M. Moody 

Farmers — E. G. Tarwater 

Thompson — C. E. Thompson, M. P. Edwards, Jr. 

Currin's 1 & 2 — C. W. Currin, D. G. Currin, Jr., David Tillotson 



OLD BELT 

Burlington (one set buyers) 

Carolina — H. L. Perkins, C. R. McCauley 
Newman & Robertson — N. C. Newman, Joe Robertson 
Farmers — Bill McCauley, Alpha McCray 

Greensboro (one set buyers) 

Greensboro Tobacco Whse. Co. — R. C. Coleman, Jr., Mgr. 
Guilford Tobacco Whse. — J. R. Pell, J. E. Pell, H. P. Smothers 
W. B. Hull 

Madison (one set buyers) 

New Brick — Lloyd Webster, Ray White 
Carolina — Lee McCollum, Ray White, Lloyd Webster 
Sharpe & Smith Farmers — W. S. Smith, George Denham, Jr., 
F. S. Williams, S. H. Price, Jr. 

Mebane (one set buyers) 

Farmers — Jule Allen, Bill Allen 
Piedmont — Billy Hopkins, Jimmy Hopkins 

Mt. Airy (one set buyers) 

Dixie — Tom Jones, Boyd Cain, F. V. Dearmin, Jr., W. H. Brown, 

H. Y. Hodges, Fred E. Chilton 
New Farmers — Tom Jones, Boyd Cain, F. V. Dearmin, Jr., 

W. H. Brown, H. Y. Hodges, Fred E. Chilton 
Hunters — J. W. Hunter 

Reidsville (one set buyers) 

New Farmers — G. E. Smith, Steve Smith, P. D. McMichael, Phillip Carter 
Smothers-Watts- Leader — A. P. Sands, Tom Kimbro, T. Garland Smothers 

Roxboro (one set buyers) 

Farmers — Lindsay Wagstaff, Kenneth Wagstaff, R. A. Hester, Larry C. 
Hester 

Hyco — F. J. Hester 

Foacre — H. W. Winstead, Jr., Pres. 

Planters Whse. — T. O. Pass, Sr., & Jr. 

Growers 1 & 2 — Elmo Mitchell, Roy Carver 



I 



28 



Stoneville (one set buyers) 

Joyce's — O. P. Joyce, W. R. Joyce 

Farmers- Piedmont — R. N. Linville, Clarence Peeples, W. Q. Chilton, 
Robert Rakestraw, Garland Rakestraw 

Winston-Salem (four sets buyers) 

Carolina-Star — R. W. Newsome, W. B. Simpson, H. M. Bouldin 

Growers — Joe Pell, C. R. Harris, R. J. Harris, J. T. Harris 

Peppers — C. F. Hutchins, Joe Cook, Homer Dearmin 

Taylor — L. E. Pope 

Big Winston — Taylor Carter, Jack Carter 

Cook's — B. E. Cook, Claude Strickland, Jr., P. Thomas, Doug Cook 

Planters — Paul Draughn, Roger L. Nichols, F. Smithdeal 

Yadkinville (one set buyers) 

Northwest N. C. Farmers Whse. — R. A. Owen, Sherman Todd 
Big Yadkin Tobacco Whse., Inc. — E. H. Barnard, Ralph T. White, Chris 
Rosser 

Millers Tobacco Whse. Co. — J. A. Miller, Sr. & Jr., J. W. Flinchum, 
Bill Wall 



BURLEYBELT 



Asheville (two sets buyers) 

Dixie-Burley — R. A. Owen 
Planters — J. W. Stewart 
Day's — Charlie Day 

Boone (one set buyers) 

Mountain Burley — Joe E. Coleman 

West Jefferson (one set buyers) 

Tri-State Burley — Rex Taylor 
Farmers Burley — Mrs. Tom Faulkner 



29 



STATE BOARDOF AGRICULTURE 

James A. Graham, Commissioner, 
Ex-Officio Chairman 

Evelyn M. Hill Edneyville 

Donald R. Kincaid Lenoir 

George P. Kittrell Corapeake 

Charles F. Phillips Thomasville 

J. H. Poole West End 

Henry Gray Shelton Speed 

James D. Speed Louisburg 

James L. Sutherland Laurinburg 

Windell L. Talley Stanfield 

Sherrill Williams Newton Grove 



31 



DOMESTIC TAX PAID CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION 
BY KINDS — 1972 




^ 



Total Domestic Consumption 
552 Billion Cigarettes 




THE BULLETIN 
of the 

North Carolina Department of Agriculture 

James A. Graham, Commissioner 



XTii.^U^^ O-IO