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Full text of "North Carolina tobacco report [serial]"

North Carolina 

TOBACCO REPORT — 1978-79 

















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The Bulletin 
of the 

North Carolina Department of Agriculture 

James A. Graham, Commissioner 
Number 231, May 1978 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Foreword 3 

Why North Carolina Should Hold The 

Line On Cigarette Tax 4 

Tobacco Outlook 1978 6 

State Market Summary 1 977-78 8 

North Carolina Tobacco Warehouse Sales Report 
for Season 1977-78 12 

Summary of N. C. Dealer and 
Warehouse Resales 1977 14 

Producer and Gross Sales of 
Flue-Cured Tobaco By States 1 977 14 

Flue-Cured Movement In and 
Out of North Carolina 15 

Burley Movement In and Out 
Of North Carolina 15 

Flue-Cured Stabilization Receipts 
By Types & States 1977 16 

Burley Stabilization Receipts for 
North Carolina and Total U.S. 1977-78 16 

N. C. Burley Tobacco Allotments 1978 17 

N. C. Flue-Cured Tobacco Allotments 1978 18 

North Carolina Flue-Cured Crops 1926-1977 20 

North Carolina Burley Crops 1928-1977 21 

A. H. Graves— Baling Research 10 

North Carolina Tobacco Warehouses and 
Operators By Type and Markets 1977 22 

Tobacco Organizations and Agencies 29 

State Board of Agriculture 31 

Domestic Tax Paid Cigarette 
Consumption By Kind 1977 32 



For free distribution by the Field Crops Section 

Division of Marketing, North Carolina Department 

of Agriculture, Raleigh, N. C. 

Curtis F. Tarleton, Director, Division of Marketing 

J. H. Cyrus, Chief, Field Crops Section 

J. T. Bunn, Tobacco Marketing Specialist 



Foreword 




The twenty-nineth annual issue of 
the North Carolina Tobacco Report 
has been prepared by J. H. Cyrus, 
Chief of The Field Crops Section, 
and J. T. Bunn, Tobacco Marketing 
Specialist, Division of Marketing, 
North Carolina Department of Agri- 
culture. 

As this issue of the Tobacco Re- 
port goes to press, the tobacco in- 
dustry and the farmer's tobacco pro- 
gram are being faced with mounting 
anti-tobacco pressures from high 
Government Officials such as Joseph A. Califano, Jr., Secretary of 
Health, Education & Welfare (HEW), and many members of the 
United States Congress who would not hesitate to squeeze this 
great industry out of existence. 

Thus, thetobacco industry is probably nowfacing oneof the most 
far-reaching crisis in its long and successful history. Therefore, it is 
absolutely essential that all segments of the tobacco industry, from 
the grass roots up, unite to form a solid front against the aggressors 
who are bent on destroying one of the oldest industries in the United 
States of America. 

The following agencies and organizations are recognized for 
their contribution of specialized data and information appearing in 
this publication: The Cooperative Crop Reporting Service; USDA 
Agricultural Marketing Service; Flue-Cured Tobacco Stabilization 
Corporation; and the Tobacco Tax Council. 

The cover picture shows the Governor's Award for the "Leaves of 
Gold" tobacco exhibit at the 1977 North Carolina State Fair, which 
was participated in by all of thetobacco industry. More than 250,000 
fair goers viewed this exhibit, and they concurred with the Gover- 
nor's award to this exhibit as being the most outstanding atthe 1977 
State Fair. 



-^■^ok^xa^ Cty^ru^< 



-^— -v«/ 



Commissioner of Agriculture 



Why North Carolina Should 
Hold The Line on Cigarette Tax 

By J. H. Cyrus 

Since North Carolina grows more tobacco and manufacturers 
more cigarettes than any other state in the United States, North 
Carolina is considered the cigarette tax anchor state. In this unique 
position, all of the other 49 states are watching the cigarette taxing 
policies in the Tarheel State which is in the heart of tobaccoland 
USA. 

To emphasize the point, during the 1977 legislative year, 29states 
introduced 60 cigarette tax increase bills. But, by holding the line in 
North Carolina with no increase in cigarette tax, only 4 states en- 
acted cigarette tax increases in 1977. 

Based on past experience, if North Carolina's General Assembly 
should have increased its cigarette tax in 1977, it would have had a 
domino effect on other states causing a new round of cigarette tax 
increases throughout the nation. This would have boosted the aver- 
age state cigarette tax from the current 12.5 cents per pack by 
another 2 to 4 cents per pack. 

When state cigarette taxes go up across the nation official 
statistics show that cigarette sales go down. For example, in New 
York State, as the cigarette tax was increased from 5 to 1 5 cents per 
pack between 1965 and 1972, cigarette sales dropped 14.7 percent. 

In New Jersey where the cigarette tax was increased between 
1966 and 1972 from 8 to 19 cents per pack, the volume of sales went 
down 21 percent. Between 1969 and 1971, Connecticut raised its 
cigarette tax from 8 to 21 cents per pack the volume of sales dropped 
from 428.8 million packs annually to 357.5 million packs. The same 
statistical data of decline in sales are available for many other states 
where cigarette taxes have continued to increase to unreasonable 
levels. 

When cigarette sales decline throughout the nation, it meansthat 
millions of pounds of additional tobacco needed to make these 
cigarettes will not be bought by manufacturers. This would reflect 
in an income loss to North Carolina tobacco growers and to the 
state's economy in general, and it would make it necessary for the 
U. S. Secretary of Agriculture to further reduce farmers tobacco al- 
lotments in order to keep supplies in line with market demand. 

It is a fact that North Carolina's economy grows on tobacco, either 
directly or indirectly, through the multitude of industries and busi- 
nesses that supply, support or depend heavily upon the tobacco 
industry. These include filter fiber manufacturers; makers of ferti- 
lizers, pesticides and other agricultural and industrial chemicals 
and plastics; the paper and box board industry; the trucking indus- 
try; wholesalers, retailers, bankers, merchants, doctors, lawyers, 
ministers, newspapers, educational systems, and the list goes on 
and on. It would be hard to find an area in the economic life of North 
Carolina that is not reinforced and enriched by tobacco. 



CIGARETTE TAX RATE PER PACK BY STATES 




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THE GROWTH OF CIGARET EXCISE TAXES COMPARED TO GROWERS' GROSS RECEIPTS 




1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 



Tobacco Outlook — 1978 



The Tobacco Outlook for the 1978 Marketing season hinges al- 
most entirely on a favorable growing season, and on improvement 
in quality over the past two drought stricken years. 

A look at the situation shows that the 1977 crop of flue-cured 
tobacco totaling 1,124 million pounds about equaled the 1977 dis- 
appearance. Therefore, the flue-cured carryover on July 1, 1978 will 
stay about the same as the 2,066 million pounds of mid-1977. There 
was practically no change in the 1978 basic flue-cured quota, how- 
ever, the effective quota with adjustments for over and under mar- 
keting is 1,184 million pounds, which is 1 percent less than the 1977 
quota. 

Flue-cured growers have historically produced about 95 percent 
of the effective quota on an average of about 89 percent of their al- 
lotted acreage. If growers should produce about 95 percent of the 
quota this year, the 1978 flue-cured crop will turn out about 1,125 
million pounds, or about the same as the 1977 crop. 

Probably the biggest problem facing flue-cured growers in 1978 
that could threaten their price support program is the surplus of 
lower stalk grades that come mostly from the bottom four leaves. 
Approximately 40 percent of Stabilization's inventory consists of 
these bottom stalk P & N grades, mostly from the 1975, 1976 and 
1977 crops. Thus, with the high interest rates, that stabilization is 
now paying on money borrowed from The Federal Commodity 
Credit Corporation Lending Agency, it is imperative that Stabiliza- 
tion sell substantial quantities of these P & N grades this year in 
order to avoid possible losses on this downstalk tobacco. Losses on 
this tobacco could jeopardize the whole price support program. 

A Tobacco Task Force, appointed last year by the U. S. Secretary 
of Agriculture to study the tobacco program, recommended a pro- 
gram for 1978 aimed at improving the bottom of the stalk P & N 
grades surplus held by Stabilization. The program permitted 
growers, who would sign up to leave the bottom four leaves in the 
field, to plant up to 120 percent of their acreage allotments. How- 
ever, the participation in the program was very light. Only 12 per- 
cent of the growers in North Carolina signed up for this program not 
to harvest the bottom four leaves, and only approximately 15 per- 
cent of the growers across the six state flue-cured region signed up 
to participate in the program. The deadline for the sign-up this year 
was on April 7. 

There were probably two underlying reasons for the low sign-up. 
First, the fact the growers were required to pay a fee to cover the 
cost of compliance at the time of sign-up could have been a deter- 
minant. Secondly, most growers do not have to plant 100 percent of 
their allotted acres in order to produce 110 percent of their pounds. 



For instance, in 1975 over the whole flue-cured region only 84 per- 
cent of the base acreage were planted. In 1976, only 87 percent, and 
in 1977 only 91 percent of the base acres were planted. 

Thus, many growers have indicated that they could produce their 
full quota and plant no more than 100 percent of the allotted acres 
and still leave the bottom four leaves. Therefore, growers are 
urged to take it upon themselves not to harvest the bottom four 
leaves in order to give their Stabilization an opportunity to sell these 
downstalk grades from their surplus stocks. The participation of 
growers in this program on their own will go a long ways in putting 
the price support program back on a sounder footing. Every grower 
should stop and considerthe value of his pricesupportto his opera- 
tion! 



State Market Summary 1977-78 



North Carolina Farmers experienced a very perplexing year in 
1977 as a multitude of adversities challenged the stamina and 
existence of the tobacco producer. Bureaucratic edicts threatened 
the structures of the tobacco program and adverse weather 
hindered production. 

Farmers endured one of the driest and hottest growing seasons 
on record with virtually no rainfall occurring during June and July 
along with temperatures rising above 100 degrees fahrenheit on 
several successive days during the maturing stage of the crop. The 
severity of the weather was vividly manifested in the quality of 
tobacco brought to market in 1977. The volume of immature 
sunbaked low quality tobacco sharply increased. The demand for 
high quality tobacco exceeded availability, causing erratic and 
confusing price patterns to occur throughout the sales season. 
Good quality tobacco brought unusually high prices but most 
tobacco sold for a few dollars above support price. Generally, the 
industry had to accept and tolerate reduce quality because of 
availability in 1977. 

Flue-cured markets averaged a record high of $117.07 per 
hundred pounds, up $6.01 per hundred pounds from the 1976 
average price. Volume sold on North Carolina markets was 
712,341,786 for a total return to growers of $833,953,533. By 
comparison, in 1976 producer sales were 870,081,484 pounds and 
sold for $966,317,860. 

TYPE 13 Markets opened July 19th and operated for fifty-four (54) 
sales days, four (4) sales days less than the previous year. 

Markets began closing on October 10 and final sales were held on 
October 20th. 

Quality declined in comparison to the previous year as more un- 
ripe, immature, and non-descript tobacco was brought to market. 

Grade Price Averages were up $7.00— $28.00 per hundred 
pounds. Good quality leaf and cutters showed the highest gains and 
non-descripts the lowest gains. Season average price for Type 13 
markets was $124.84 up $12.42 from the 1976 average price. 

Producers sales were 96,965,953 pounds and sold for 
$1 21 ,056,481 , a decrease from 1 976 when 1 1 4,946,733 pounds sold 
for $129,219,331. 

Stabilization received 9,195,168 pounds or 9.48 percent of pro- 
ducers sales. In 1976, stabilization received 14,751,007 or 12.83 per- 
cent of producer sales. 



TYPE 12 Markets opened on July 25 and operated for 59 sales 
days, 6 less than the previous year. Markets began closing on Octo- 
ber 19th and final sales occurred on November 9th. 

Quality declined sharply as large percentages of the crop graded 
unripe varigated, green and non-descript. 

Grade Price Averages were up $4.00-$32.00 per hundred pounds 
with the major increases going to lug, cutter and leaf grades. Type 
12 markets averaged $118.52 per hundred pounds for the season, 
up $5.56 per hundred pounds from the 1976 average price. 

Producer sales were 370,468,041 pounds which sold 
$439,097,186. In 1976, producers sold 461,764,674 pounds for a re- 
turn of $521,621,734. 

Stabilization receipts totaled 54,602,218 pounds or 14.73 percent 
of producer sales. In 1976, stabilization received 80, 190,637 pounds 
or 17.37 percent of producer sales. 

TYPE 11 Markets open in stages according to marketing area 
groupings. Markets included in marketing Area C, open July 25, 
Area D, August 2 and Area E, August 9. Markets began closing on 
October 26 and final sales were held on November 1 7 for a season 
span of 65 sales days, 2 less than the previous year. 

Quality was considerably lower as low grade unripe variegated; 
green and non-descript tobacco made up a substantial portion of 
sales. 

Grade Price averages were up $7.00 — $39.00 per hundred pounds 
with the major increases going to better quality leaf, cutters and 
lugs, and smaller gains going to primings and non-descript. Type 11 
markets averaged $111.80 per hundred pounds, up $4.26 per 
hundred pounds from the previous years average. 

Producer sales were 244,907,792 pounds and returned growers 
$273,799,866. In 1976, producers sold 293,370,077 pounds for 
$315,476,795. 

Stabilization received 70,790,749 pounds or 28.90 percent of 
producer sales. In 1976, stabilization received 77,308,042 pounds or 
26.35 percent of producer sales. 

TYPE 31 Burley Markets held opening sales on November 21 and 
operated for 22 sales days with final sales held on January 11. 

Quality showed very little improvement on North Carolina 
markets because of adverse weather during the curing season. 

Grade price averages were up slightly on all grades, increases 
ranged from $5.00— $10.00 per hundred pounds. North Carolina 
markets averaged $111.16 per hundred pounds, up $1.59 per 
hundred pounds from the previous year average. 

Producer sales were 20,079,709 pounds which sold for 
$22,231,295. In 1976, producers sold $17,157,630 pounds for 
$18,799,078. 

Burley Stabilization received 2,366,020 pounds or 11.78 percent 
of producers sales. In 1976 stabilization receipts were 1,929,128 
pounds or 11.24 percent of producer sales. 




Figure 1. Research by Albert H. Graves, Industrial Engineer, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, at Carolina Warehouse, Fuquay-Varina, N. C. Above tobacco is baled 
into 43" x 43" cube of approximately 1000 pounds following the auction sale in a test 
to improve efficiency in moving company purchases from warehouse floor to proc- 
essing facilities. 



10 




Figure 2. Shows the baled cubes with burlap sheet on top and bottom held 
together by two 3/4" steel bands crossed in each direction. Average weight of load of 
baled tobacco ranges from 30,000 to 40,000 pounds according to Mr. Graves. 



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13 



SUMMARY OF N. C. DEALERS AND 
WAREHOUSE RESALES — 1977 



Type 



Pounds 



Dollars 



Percentage 
Resale 



TYPE 13 
Dealer 
Warehouse 

TYPE 12 
Dealer 
Warehouse 

TYPE 11 
Dealer 
Warehouse 

Total Flue-Cured Resales 

TYPE 31 
Dealer 
Warehouse 

Total Burley Resales 



731,079 


$ 855,345 


0.75 


5,508,395 


7,058,683 


5.68 


2,692,722 


3,008,209 


0.73 


15,753,619 


18,915,326 


4.26 


1,151,415 


1,210,185 


0.47 


12,836,237 


15,222,041 


5.24 


38,673,467 


46,269,789 


5.43 


269,013 


301,274 


1.34 


1,959,856 


2,190,637 


9.76 


2,228,869 


$ 2,491,911 


11.10 



PRODUCERS AND GROSS SALES OF FLUE-CURED 
TOBACCO BY STATE 1977 





Producer Sales 


Gross 


Sales 




Pounds 


Average/cwt 


Pounds 


Average/cwt 


North Carolina 


712,341,786 


117.07 


751,015,253 


117.20 


Virginia 


121,900,765 


117.74 


126,360,784 


117.92 


South Carolina 


130,633,076 


123.23 


139,316,053 


123.53 


Georgia 


134,462,834 


114.90 


145,585,804 


114.97 


Florida 


22,066,002 


121.18 


23,609,295 


121.65 


Total 


1,121,404,463 


117.68 


1,185,887,189 


117.84 



14 



FLUE-CURED MOVEMENT IN AND OUT 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 



N.C. Tobacco Sold Out of State 
(Pounds) 

1977 



Out of State Tobacco Sold In N. C. 
(Pounds) 



1976 



1977 



1976 



Virginia 
South Carolina 
Georgia 
Florida 
Total 



19,874,000 
4,869,000 



24,743,000 



24,623,000 
6,337,000 



30,960,000 



6,687,000 
11,485,000 



18,172,000 



7,202,000 
12,575,000 



19,777,000 



BURLEY TOBACCO MOVEMENT IN AND OUT 
OF NORTH CAROLINA 



N.C. Tobacco Sold Out of State 


Out of State Tobacco Sold In N. C 




(Pounds) 






(Pounds) 










1977 


1976 


1977 


1976 


Tennessee 






5,301,893 


4,032,843 


682,511 


542,431 


Virginia 






55,995 


76,844 


1,230,689 


990,860 


W. Virginia 






— 


— 


18,005 


29,610 


Georgia 






— 


— 


44,835 


27,060 


South Carol 


ina 




— 


— 


272 


1,018 


Total 






5,357,888 


4,109,687 


1,976,312 


1,590,979 



15 



FLUE-CURED STABILIZATION RECEIPTS 
BY TYPES AND STATES — 1977 







Producer 


Stabilization 


Percentage 




Type 


Sales (lbs) 


Receipts (lbs) 


Stab. Received 


Va. Total 


11 


121,900,765 


36,821,001 


30.21 


N.C. 


11 


244,907,792 


70,790,749 


28.91 


N.C. 


12 


370,468,041 


54,602,218 


14.73 


N.C. 


13 


96,965,953 


9,195,168 


9.48 


N.C. Total 


11-13 


712,341,786 


134,588,135 


18.89 


S.C. Total 


13 


130,633,076 


11,161,086 


8.54 


Ga. Total 


14 


134,462,834 


9,594,120 


7.14 


Fla. Total 


14 


22,066,002 


920,283 


4.17 


Total All Types 




1,121,404,463 


193,084,625 


17.22 



BURLEY STABILIZATION RECEIPTS 
FOR N.C. AND TOTAL U.S. — 1977-78 



State 



Type 





Producer 
Sales (lbs) 


Stabilization 
Receipts (lbs) 


Percentage 
Stab. Received 


31 
31 


20,079,709 
606,000,000 


2,366,020 
57,000,000 


11.78 
9.41 



N.C. 
U.S. Total 



16 



N.C. BURLEY TOBACCO ALLOTMENTS — 1978' 





Number 


Base 


Effective 




Country 


Farms 


Poundage 


Poundage 


Rank 


Alleghany 


620 


664,128 


791,190 


9 


Ashe 


2,742 


2,691,064 


3,334,761 


4 


Avery 


258 


294,999 


373,777 


10 


Buncombe 


3,023 


3,320,740 


4,099,774 


2 


Burke 


12 


7,150 


13,655 


21 


Caldwell 


12 


7,783 


17,539 


20 


Cherokee 


192 


144,436 


251,145 


14 


Clay 


250 


178,243 


281,635 


12 


Cleveland 


9 


5,319 


12,184 


22 


Davidson 


2 


1,584 


3,227 


26 


Gaston 


2 


799 


1,628 


27 


Graham 


712 


682,890 


1,027,148 


8 


Granville 


1 


288 


587 


29 


Haywood 


1,953 


2,096,708 


2,689,888 


5 


Henderson 


124 


81,345 


144,706 


16 


Jackson 


233 


200,961 


381,556 


11 


McDowell 


60 


45,782 


88,465 


18 


Macon 


260 


164,724 


309,011 


13 


Madison 


3,108 


5,120,299 


5,617,412 


1 


Mitchell 


991 


1,273,495 


1,861,922 


7 


Polk 


5 


2,276 


3,173 


25 


Rutherford 


56 


31,007 


62,491 


19 


Stokes 


1 


472 


962 


28 


Surry 


7 


2,818 


2,913 


24 


Swain 


151 


113,285 


205,363 


15 


Transylvania 


82 


51,092 


85,308 


17 


Watauga 


1,764 


1,905,872 


2,362,876 


6 


Wilkes 


4 


2,917 


3,548 


23 


Yancy 


1,934 
18,568 


2,712,644 
21,805,120 


3,417,307 
27,445,151 


3 


Total 


1-29 



'Source: USDA Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service 



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NORTH CAROLINA FLUE-CURED CROPS 
1926-1977* 







Yield Per 








Year 


No. Acres 


Acre 


Production 


Value 


Average 






(Pounds) 


(1,000 lbs.) 


(1,000 Dollars) 


Price 



1926 


546,700 


692 


378,274 


96,762 


25.60 


1927 


639,600 


755 


482,982 


100,415 


20.80 


1928 


712,400 


692 


493,132 


93,450 


19.00 


1929 


729,300 


665 


484,630 


89,470 


18.50 


1930 


768,000 


757 


581,200 


74,733 


12.90 


1931 


688,500 


692 


476,382 


42,024 


8.80 


1932 


462,500 


624 


288,750 


34,949 


12.10 


1933 


667,800 


794 


530,133 


85,530 


16.10 


1934 


486,500 


847 


412,055 


177,999 


28.60 


1935 


612,500 


635 


572,625 


116,418 


20.30 


1936 


591,000 


765 


451,975 


101,856 


22.50 


1937 


675,000 


883 


595,815 


143,058 


24.00 


1938 


603,500 


844 


509,470 


115,428 


22.70 


1939 


843,000 


964 


812,540 


123,893 


15.20 


1940 


498,000 


1,038 


516,835 


85,792 


16.60 


1941 


488,000 


928 


452,825 


132,291 


29.20 


1942 


539,000 


1,052 


566,810 


221,538 


39.10 


1943 


580,000 


935 


542,200 


219,074 


40.40 


1944 


684,000 


1,077 


736,990 


317,628 


43.10 


1945 


722,000 


1,100 


794,310 


349,148 


44.00 


1946 


802,000 


1,138 


912,970 


451,639 


49.50 


1947 


783,000 


1,139 


892,205 


374,513 


42.00 


1948 


594,000 


1,239 


739,380 


368,040 


49.80 


1949 


621,000 


1,178 


731,530 


352,508 


48.20 


1950 


640,000 


1,441 


858,140 


477,508 


55.60 


1951 


735,000 


1,331 


978,375 


523,358 


53.50 


1952 


735,000 


1,222 


898,090 


448,582 


49.90 


1953 


674,000 


1,235 


832,305 


447,076 


53.70 


1954 


686,000 


1,204 


889,490 


483,003 


54.30 


1955 


653,000 


1,499 


978,775 


520,845 


53.20 


1956 


579,000 


1,661 


961,495 


496,324 


51.60 


1957 


443,000 


1,469 


50,780 


358,442 


55.10 


1958 


429,000 


1,718 


736,855 


427,307 


58.00 


1959 


458,500 


1,533 


702,942 


407,055 


57.90 


1960 


457,500 


1,836 


839,870 


512,731 


61.10 


1961 


463,000 


1,797 


832,215 


541,468 


65.10 


1962 


483,000 


1,890 


912,810 


549,594 


60.20 


1963 


460,500 


1,999 


920,660 


535,622 


58.18 


1964 


416,000 


2,282 


949,450 


549,875 


57.90 


1965 


375,000 


1,840 


690,050 


442,796 


64.20 


1966 


409,500 


1,859 


761,360 


506,605 


66.50 


1967 


395,400 


2,071 


818,997 


523,809 


64.00 


1968 


350,500 


1,850 


648,533 


430,613 


66.45 


1969 


378,500 


1,838 


695,665 


502,305 


72.20 


1970 


383,800 


2,076 


796,941 


571,211 


71.70 


1971 


339,000 


2,102 


712,960 


552,544 


77.50 


1972 


332,000 


1,993 


661,520 


566,267 


85.60 


1973 


376,000 


2,111 


793,615 


700,410 


88.30 


1974 


390,000 


1,975 


770,260 


813,427 


105.60 


1975 


470,000 


1,987 


933,815 


931,779 


99.80 


1976 


439,000 


2,012 


883,130 


977,736 


110.70 


**1977 


383,000 


1,876 


718,434 


840,402 


117.00 



'Source N. C. and USDA Crop Reporting Service 
"Preliminary for 1977 

Note: Since 1965, production is pounds produced and does not reflect pounds not sold 
or pounds carried forward to the next season. 



NORTH CAROLINA BURLEY CROPS 
1928-1977* 







Yield Per 








Year 


No. Acres 


Acre 


Production 


Value 


Average 






(Pounds) 


(1,000 lbs.) 


(1,000 Dollars) 


Price 


1928 


3,600 


650 


2,340 


$ 690 


$ 29.50 


1929 


5,500 


730 


4,015 


863 


21.50 


1930 


7,200 


750 


5,400 


853 


15.80 


1931 


7,100 


710 


5,041 


464 


9.20 


1932 


6,500 


735 


4,778 


726 


15.20 


1933 


9,200 


785 


7,222 


715 


9.90 


1934 


5,500 


870 


4,785 


809 


17.50 


1935 


5,200 


925 


4,810 


1,025 


21.30 


1936 


6,000 


900 


5,400 


2,095 


38.80 


1937 


9,000 


975 


8,775 


1,787 


21.40 


1938 


8,600 


900 


7,740 


1,308 


16.90 


1939 


8,100 


1.070 


8,667 


1,447 


16.70 


1940 


6,500 


1.050 


6,825 


1,242 


18.20 


1941 


6,200 


1,075 


6,665 


2.093 


31.40 


1942 


6,600 


1,150 


7,590 


3,211 


42.30 


1943 


8,500 


1,225 


10,412 


5,102 


49.00 


1944 


12,000 


1,390 


16,680 


8,157 


48.90 


1945 


13,000 


1,500 


19,500 


7,568 


38.30 


1946 


9,800 


1,475 


14,455 


5,999 


41.50 


1947 


9,600 


1,560 


14,976 


6,335 


42.30 


1948 


10,300 


1,680 


17,304 


8,012 


46.30 


1949 


10,800 


1,440 


15,552 


6,750 


43.40 


1950 


10,500 


1,700 


17,850 


9,175 


51.40 


1951 


12,200 


1,750 


21,350 


11,572 


54,20 


1952 


12,000 


1,680 


20,160 


9,818 


48.70 


1953 


11,400 


1,800 


20,520 


11,019 


53.70 


1954 


12,700 


1,920 


24,384 


12,680 


52.00 


1955 


9,800 


1,900 


18,620 


10,651 


57.20 


1956 


9,400 


1,850 


17,390 


10,747 


61.80 


1957 


9,600 


1,975 


18,960 


11,073 


58.40 


1958 


9,300 


2,000 


18,600 


11,978 


64.60 


1959 


9,800 


2.060 


20,188 


11,426 


56.60 


1060 


9,500 


1,940 


18,430 


12,016 


65.20 


1961 


10,400 


2,090 


21,736 


14,346 


66.00 


1962 


11,000 


2,185 


24,035 


14,421 


60.00 


1963 


11,000 


2,285 


25,135 


13,573 


54.00 


1964 


9,700 


2,165 


21,000 


12,054 


57.40 


1965 


8,900 


2,030 


18,067 


12,159 


67.30 


1966 


7,900 


2,320 


18,328 


12,371 


67.50 


1967 


7,800 


2,010 


15,678 


11,037 


70.40 


1968 


7,900 


2,385 


18,842 


13,868 


73.60 


1969 


7,900 


2,570 


20,303 


13,928 


68.60 


1970 


7,300 


2,545 


18,579 


13,544 


72.90 


1971 


7,000 


2.065 


14,455 


11,535 


79.80 


1972 


7,700 


2,450 


18,865 


14,658 


77.70 


1973 


7,500 


2,440 


18,300 


16,781 


91.70 


1974 


8,000 


2,370 


18,960 


20,477 


106.70 


1975 


9,500 


2,440 


23,180 


23,736 


102.40 


1976 


9,000 


2,200 


19,800 


21,701 


109.60 


**1977 


9,500 


2,450 


23,275 


25,835 


111.00 



'Source N.C. and USDA Crop Reporting Service 
"Preliminary for 1977 

Note: Since 1965, production is pounds produced and does not reflect pounds not sold 
or pounds carried forward to the next season. 



NORTH CAROLINA TOBACCO WAREHOUSE AND OPERATORS 
BY TYPE AND MARKETS — 1977 



TYPE 13 



Chadbourn 



Jimmy Green — Jimmy Green 

Producers— Horace Cox, Kenneth O. Ray, George L. Cox, Jack Cox 

Chadbourn— J. G. McNeill, Mgr. 

Clarkton 

New Clarkton— Maynard Talley, E. C. Wood, Wade Taylor 
Clarkton Farmers Exchange, Inc.— Howard Watts, Sr. 
Bright Leaf— Jimmy Green 

Fair Bluff 

New Farmers — Roger Hammond, Leo Hayes, A. E. Carmichael, Jr. 
Fair Bluff— E. D. Meares, Howard Enzor 
Powell's— B. A. Powell, Albert H. Powell 

Planters— Carl Meares, Douglas A. Worley, T. C. Parham, Reginald Strickland, 
Tommy Bass, H. G. McNeill 

Fairmont 

Planters-Mitchell— Harry Mitchell, Jack Mitchell, W. M. Daniel, N. B. Tuck 
Twin State— Landis Joyce, Lynn Floyd, R. Hoke Smith, Jr., J. Garth Lewis 
Big Five-Peoples— Carl Britt, Beasley Strickland, Danny Nance, Kenneth Hardin, 

R. Clemon Britt 
Big Brick— A. D. Lewis, Jr. 
Carolina— A. W. McDaniel 

Holiday-Frye — Ernest H. Frye, Joseph E. Holliday, John Monroe Holliday, Joe Frye 
Liberty — Landis Joyce, Lynn Floyd, R. Hoke Smith, Jr., J. Garth Lewis 
Tobacco Land— Ralph P. Britt, J. Q. Rogers, Harry Stone, E. W. Stone, 

Gaston Sealey, Gilbert A. Lewis, David Parnell, Earl Parnell 
Square Deal— Chan L. Smith, Mrs. W. G. Bassett 
Growers— Horace Sutton 

Fayetteville 

Big Farmers— W. Clifton McNeill, James Gill is, Kathryn C. Morgan 
Planters— Billy Adams, Jimmy Adams, J. C. Adams 

Lumberton 

Star— Russell Teater, D. T. Stephenson 

Lumbee— Ralph Hunt, Howard Oxendine 

Smith-Dixie— Jack Pait, Andy Pait 

Cooperative— George R. Pate, L. D. West, Mgr., Mrs. V. H. McLaurin, Mgr. 

Hedgepeth— A. G. Thornton, Jr., E. H. Collins 

Liberty— R. H. Livermore, H. D. Goode 

Carolina— J. L. Townsend, Jr. & Sr., J. E. Johnson, Jr. 

First American Cooperative — Bradie Locklear, Mgr. 



22 



Tabor City 

R. C. Coleman— R. C. Coleman, Sr. & Jr., Joe Coleman, Joey Coleman, 

Ricky Coleman 
New Tabor— H. B. Buffkin, Jr., Earl McDaniels, Milton demons 
Planters— Don B. Watson 

Whiteville 

Crutchfield's— Ernest Smith, Joe T. Smith, Gaither E. Crutchfield, Mgr., 

Jimmy Dale Smith 
Columbus County— A. D. Gray, Jr., A. D. Gray, III 

Lea's Big Dixie— W. Townes Lea, Sr., W. Townes Lea, Jr., A. O. King, Jr. Wray King 
Golden Leaf— Jimmy D. Smith, Ernest W. Smith 
Nelson's— Jim D. Smith, Milton Gore 
Moore's — C. E. Jeffcoat, Jack E, Burroughs 
Smith's — Ernest Smith, Joe T. Smith 
Liberty— J. Walter Hooks 

Type 12 

Ahoskie 

Basnight's — Harold G. Veazey, Herbert Jenkins, Jr. Lyman L. Wilkins, Jr., 
Farmers— Shirley S. Pierce, W. M. Odom, J. Lebron Morris 

Clinton 

Farmers— L. D. Starling 

Carolina— L. D. Starling, C. J. Strickland, Garrett S. Strickland, 

Mrs. Cathleen Daughtry, N. Leo Daughtry 
Bright Leaf— Albert G. Thornton, Jr. 
Ross — Clarence Kirven, Jr. 
Sampson — Carlton B. Barefoot, Leslie S. Hobbs 
Barwick-Butler— C. Marion Butler, Hugh B. Barwick, James H. Butler 

Dunn 

Big Four— O. G. Calhoun, John G. Calhoun, Cleo F. Jones 
Lee's— Leland Lee 

New Dunn— Ray A. Owen, Jr., Dan Honeycutt 
Tri-County— John H. Wall, W. L. Barefoot, L. W. Barefoot 
Tew's— Roy V. Tew 

Farmville 

Bell's— R. A. Bell & Brothers 

Pierce— Robert P. Pierce 

Planters— Chester D. Worthington, Mark Mozingo, William O. Newell, B. S. Correll 

Farmers— Charles Sutton, Jr. 

Farmville Bright Leaf— Gordon E. Lee, Howard D. Moye, Louis Smith 

New Blue— W. A. Allen 



23 



Goldsboro 

Farmers— Rudy Hill, Elaine Stanley 

Victory— Richard A. Gray 

Carolina— Durwood M. Price 

Gold Leaf— W. W. Barnes, Willie Strickland 

Big Three— Max A. Parrish, Max Futrell, N. C. Newman 

Big Brick— J. R. Musgrave, J. R. Musgrave, Jr. 

Planters— Cecil Bryan, Philip Bryan, Luby Bryan 

Gurley— J. Isaac Gurley 



Greenville 

Raynor, Forbes & Clark— W. C. Clark, Jr., P. R. Harrington, III, Norman S. Porter, 

W. C. Clark, III, Robert A. Halstead 
New Greenville— Hugh Hardee, Jr., Wayne Stokes, Rob Jones, Jr. 
Cannon's — William T. Cannon, Carlton Dail 

Keel's— J. A. Worthington, J. B. Worthington, Fenner Allen, A. T. Venters 
New Carolina— William H. Mills, Laddie Avery 
Growers— J. L. Tripp 

Star-Planters— F. Harding Sugg, James C. Mills, Alton Haddock, Ralph Davenport 
Hudson — W. Larry Hudson 
Farmers— H. L. Watson, T. J. Warren 
New Independent— T. W. Pruitt, W. A. Pruitt, W. E. Pruitt, J. B. Belcher, 

Jack S. Warren 



Kinston 

Central— W. I. Herring, Sr., W. I. Herring, Jr., Dennis M. Bailey 
New Central— W. I. Herring, Sr., W. I. Herring, Jr., Dennis M. Bailey 
Farmers-New Dixie— John T. Jenkins, Sr. & Jr., L. B. Jenkins, II 
Growers— Robert T. Gray, P. G. Sutton, Jr., 
Gold Leaf— R. E. Wooten, Jr., Alton Moody, Mgr. 
H & H— D. W. Hodges, Virgil Harper 
Knott's— H. Graham Knott, W. E. Brewer 



Robersonville 

Gray-Red Front-Central— Vernon L. Hardee, Harry T. Gray, Jack Sharp 
Hardee— H. Edwin Lee 



Rocky Mount 

Cobb & Carlton— W. E. Cobb, Jr., J. C. Carlton 

Farmers, Inc. 1 & 2— George B. Watson, Joe Coleman 

Fenner's, Inc.— Mrs. Mary Ellen Parker, Julian B. Fenner, William E. Fenner, II 

Tobacco Planters — S. S. Edmondson, Sr. & Jr. 

Works— R. J. Works, Jr., A. B. Raynor 

Peoples— Guy E. Barnes, W. Eugene Simmons 

Smith's— Jimme D. Smith, Sr. & Jr. 



24 



Smithfield 

Farmers — W. T. Kennedy, N. Leo Daughtry 

Big Planters— Joe G. Stephenson, Jerry Joe Stephenson 

Riverside— Gilbert D. Stephenson, Helen C. Stephenson 

Carolina Farmers — M. A. Morgan, Toby Lee, Mgr. 

Gold Leaf— R. A. Pearce, Sr., Mrs. R. A. Pearce, Sr., R. A. Pearce Jr., R. A. Pearce, III 

Wallace — Robert F. Wallace, Lawrence H. Wallace 

Tarboro 

Clark's— George L. Proctor, W. G. Clark, W. S. Clark 

Victory — William V. Leggett, Margaret Y. Leggett 

Farmers 1 & 2— Walter F. Walker, Mrs. W. G. Maples, Fred L. Walston 

Wallace 

Hussey's— Joseph D. Bryant 
Sheffield's— Homer M. Boney 
Blanchard & Farrior— R. H. Lanier 
New Duplin— Hilton Maready 

Washington 

Bright Belt— Tommy N. Cox, Harry L. Roberts, 

Sermon & Douglas — Wayland J. Sermons, Jack C. Douglas 

Hassell's— Malcolm P. Hassell, 

Gravely's— W. A. Gravely, Sr., C. Stephen Gravely, Bennie Ray Hopkins 

Wendell 

Farmers— Charles Congleton, Mgr. 

Northside— Norman Dean, J. H. Sanders, Jr. 

Liberty— H. H. Eddins 

Banner— Charles P. Southerland, E. C. Rogers, Carson Jones 

Growers— Clyde C. Holmes 

Planters— Bill Raybon, Melvin S. Doyle 

Williamston 

Rogers— C. Urbin Rogers, J. Rossell Rogers, John R. Rogers, John M. Rogers, 
New Dixie— J. Elmo Lilley, J. Elmo Lilley, Jr., William C. Lilley, Stephen C. Lilley 

Wilson 

Big Dixie— W. Cecil Thompson, W. C. Edmundson 

Liberty— J. T. Worthington, Robert D. Oldham, W. Cecil Moore 

Barnes & Scott— Thurman G. Barnes, Clay Scott 

Centre Brick— S. M. Cozart, Fred M. Eagles, U. H. Cozart 

Big Star— Mack Sasser, D. P. Bridgers, W. E. Pruitt, T. W. Pruitt 

The Producers— Thurman B. Pate, William Liles, James B. Belcher, Elma S. Farmer 

Clark— Jesse Harris 

Bob Clark— Charles R. Clark, Charles R. Clark, Jr. 

Gold Leaf— J. R. Boykin, Jr., James W. Pittman 

Wainwright's 1 & 2 — George L. Wainwright, George L. Wainwright, Jr. 

Smith's A-B-C & New Planters#1—S. Grady Deans, John F. Deans, Louise F. Deans 

Growers— Clifford B. Aycock, Mgr. 



25 



Windsor 

Planters— C. B. Griffin, Burges U. Griffin, 

Farmers — William B. Davis 

Center — Jerry H. Shackelford, J. R. Freshwater 



Type 11 



Aberdeen 



Planters— W. Fentress Phillips 

New Aberdeen— J. A. Richardson 

Gallimore & Lambeth— W. C. Gallimore, P. P. Gallimore, Mike Lambeth 

Carthage 

McConnell's — George W. Mabe, Paul Wilson 
Farmers— W. M. Carter, Jr., W. M, Carter, Sr. 
Carthage — Frank Bryant, Mgr. 
Victory— Earl J. Ennis, E. C. Layton 

Durham 

Liberty— Walker S. Stone 

Planters— J. M. Talley, R. L. Dale, Durwood Thomas, Bobby L. Thomas 

CCF #1— James K. Spell, Mgr. 

Star Brick— William W. Cozart, Willie L. Currin, Morris W. Currin 

Roycroft-Currin — H. Randolph Currin 

Ellerbe 

Richmond Co.— J. A. Richardson, W. R. Raines 

Farmers— Bobby D. Oldham, William C. Moore, Joe Langdon 

Fuquay-Varina 

Carolina — Larry C. Knott, Douglas E. Knott 

Roberts— Nellie C. Roberts 

Planters— Billy Adams, J. C. Adams, W. C. Lipscomb 

Fuquay-Cooperative— Leo Matthews, Mgr. 

New Deal— Daniel B. Brisson 

Gold Leaf— J. W. Dale, Jr., Jimmy L. Tilley, Leroy J. Stephenson 

Henderson 

Jeff's Big Banner — C. E. Jeffcoat 

Farmers & Alston's— Walter J. Alston, Jr. 

High Price-Dixie— C. B. Turner, S. P. Fleming, R. E. Fleming, R. E. Tanner 

Liberty— G. T. Robertson, S. E. Southerland, John A. Wilson 

Gold Leaf— James H. O'Brien 

Ellington's— John A. Ellington, F. H. Ellington 

Big Dollar— M. L. Hight, T. E. Barham 

Louisburg 

Ford— Charles E. Ford, Charles E. Ford, Jr. 

Star— James D. Speed, A. M. McGhee, R. C. Pearce 

Big Franklin— James B. Cottrell, Donald Cottrell, S. T. Cottrell 



26 



Oxford 

Yeargin — W. W. Yeargin 

Mitchell— David J. Mitchell 

Granville— Roy Crews 

Fleming— Dan T. Currin, F. O. Finch 

Johnson-High Price-Owen— C. R. Watkins, Jr., Joseph C. Hamme, 

Thomas J. Currin, C. B. Wilkins, M. A, Goode, John S. Watkins, Jr. 
The Farmers— James C. Blackwell, Winston Pruitt, James Belcher, 

James W. Satterwhite 

Sanford 

Farmers Coop.— Gilbert P. Matthews, Mgr. 
Castleberry— C. N. Castleberry, Jr., Mitchell Jackson 
Morgan's— E. L. Morgan 
Twin City— W. M. Carter, Sr., T. W. Mansfield 

Warrenton 

Centre— B. M. Griffin, Edward M. Moody, W. Edward Radford 

Farmers— H. J. Carter, G. H. Limer 

Currin— W. J. Renn, Mrs. Betty E. Currin 

High Dollar— M. P. Carroll, C. G. Stainback 

Thompson's— Mrs. C. E. Thompson, V. T. Grissom, Glenn R. Riggan 

Burlington 

Newman & Robertson— N. C. Newman, Joe F. Robertson, Jr. 
Farmers— W. A. McCauley 
Carolina— C. R. McCauley, III 

Greensboro 

Coleman Greensboro — R. C. Coleman, Sr. & Jr., Joe Coleman, Joey Coleman, 

Ricky Coleman 
Guilford— Harold Ensley, W. B. Hull 

Madison 

Carolina— Lee McCollum, John Neal, C. J. Corn 

New Madison— Ray White, Thomas Johnson, Paul Covington, Charles H. Joyce, 

Osley Joyce 
Sharpe-Smith-Farmers— S. H. Price, Fred S. Williams, R. Jack Neal 

Mebane 

Piedmont— W. L. Hopkins, Jr., J. M. Hopkins 
Farmers— Jule R. Allen, William C. Allen 

Mt. Airy 

Dixie & New Farmers— Harold Y. Hodges, Sr. & Jr., Fred E. Chilton, F. V. Dearmin, 

Boyd Cain, Thomas A. Jones 
Hunter's— Dean Hunter, Max M. Hunter, Raymond Jessup 
Gold Leaf— Roger L. Nichols 
Carolina-Virginia Farmers Coop., Thomas Marshall, Mgr. 



27 



Reidsville 

New Farmers— G. E. Smith, Steve Smith, S. L. Fairchild, Phillip Carter 
North State Farmers Coop.— E. R. Gunn, Mgr. 
Smothers— T. Garland Smothers 
Sands-Leader — Larry Sands, James L. Sands 

Roxboro 

Hyco— Frank J. Hester, Jr., Frank J. Hester, III 
Winstead— L. Dan Winstead 
Growers— Roy S. Carver, T. Elmo Mitchell 
Planters— T. O. Pass, Sr., T. O. Pass, Jr., 
CCF Farmers— Lindsey T. Wagstaff, Mgr. 
Four Acres— H. W. Winstead 

Stoneville 

Joyce's— Otis P. Joyce, Sr., William R. Joyce, Otis R. Joyce, Jr. 
Piedmont — Clarence Peeples, R. N. Linville 

Winston-Salem 

Carolina-Star— Kenneth Chilton 

Growers— J. T. Harris, R. J. Harris, C. R. Harris. 

Pepper's— Charlie F. Hutchens, Dan Hutchens 

Old Belt Farmers Coop., Inc.— Robert S. White, Mgr. 

New Piedmont— Paul O. Wilson, Christopher T. Rosser 

Cook's— D. L. Cook, C. B. Strickland, H. Penn Thomas 

Taylor's — Lawrence E. Pope 

Big Winston— Jack Carter, Taylor Carter 

Yadkinville 

Miller— J. A. Miller, Sr., J. A. Miller, Jr. 

Northwest N. C. Farmers— R. A. Owens, C. Kenneth Gray 

Yadkin County— B. G. Wall, Richard T. Flinchum, Edwin Freeman 



BURLEY BELT 

Asheville 

Day's— Charlie Day 
Dixie Burley — R. A. Owen 
Dixie Burley — R. A. Owen 
Planters— J. W. Stewart 

Boone 

Mountain Burley— Joe Coleman, Joey Coleman, Ricky Coleman Lavelle Coleman 

West Jefferson 

Tri-State Burley — Rex Taylor 
Farmers Burley — Mrs. Tom Faulkner 



28 



TOBACCO ORGANIZATIONS AND AGENCIES 



The Tobacco Institute 
1776 K Street, N.W. 
Washington, D. C. 20006 

Tobacco Growers Information Committee 
P. O. Box 12046 
Raleigh, N, C. 27605 

Tobacco Associates 
P. O. Box 10603 
Raleigh, N. C. 27605 

Tobacco Tax Council 
P, O. Box 8269 
Richmond, Virginia 23226 

Bright Belt Warehouse Assoc. 
P. O. Box 12005 
Raleigh, N. C. 27605 

Leaf Tobacco Exporters Assoc. & 
Tobacco Association of United States 
3716 National Drive 
Raleigh, N. C. 27612 

Flue-Cured Coop. Stabilization Corp. 
P. O. Box 12300 
Raleigh, N. C. 27605 

USDA Agricultural Marketing Service 
P. O. Box 27846 Grading Service 
Raleigh, N. C. 27611 Market News 

USDA-ASCS 
P. O. Box 27327 
Raleigh, N. C. 27611 

USDA-Agricultural Research 
P. O. Box 5906 
Raleigh, N. C. 27606 

N. C. Agri-Business Council 
Suite 211 Koger Executive Center 
Raleigh, N. C. 27612 

N. C. State University Extension Service 
P. O. Box 5155 
Raleigh, N. C. 27606 

N. C. Tobacco Foundation 
NCSU Box 5067 
Raleigh, N. C. 27607 

N. C. Department of Agriculture 

P. O. Box 27647 Tobacco Section 

Raleigh, N. C. 27611 Weights & Measure 



(202) 457-4800 
(800) 424-9876 

(919) 832-3766 



(919) 821-7670 



(804) 282-4275 



(919) 828-8988 



(919) 782-5151 



(919) 821-4560 



(919) 755-4551 
(919) 755-4550 

755-4294 



737-3101 



782-4063 



737-3331 



737-2846 



733-7125 
733-7136 
733-3313 



29 



STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE 

James A. Graham; Commissioner 
Ex-Officio Chairman 

L. P. Britton, Jr „ Ahoskie 

Dr. Ben Harrington Raleigh 

Evelyn M. Hill Edneyville 

Donald R. Kincaid Lenoir 

Sam McLawhorn Grifton 

Henry Smith Farmville 

Fred Snow Dobson 

James L. Sutherland Laurinburg 

Windell L. Talley Stanfield 

Sherrill Williams Newton Grove 



31 



DOMESTIC TAX PAID CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION 
BY KINDS 1977 




TOTAL DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 
610 BILLION CIGARETTES 



All Filters 
King Size (NF) 
Regular (NF) 



CORRECTION 
(To 1976-1977 Tobacco Report) 

DOMESTIC TAX PAID 

CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION 

BY KINDS 1976 

535 Billion 
41 Billion 
29 Billion 



88% 
7% 
5% 



TOTAL DOMESTICCONSUMPTION— 605BILLION CIGARETTES 



32