(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "North country diaries (second series)"

THE 

PUBLICATIONS 

..OF THE 

SURTEES SOCIETY. 

VOL. CXXTV. 



Andrew Reid & Company, Limited, Printers, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 



THE 



PUBLICATIONS 

OF THE 

SURTEES SOCIETY 

ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 
M.DCCC.XXXIV, 




VOL. CXXIV 



FOR THE YEAR M.CM.XI7. 



-sK 










ERRATA ET CORRIGENDA. 

Page 4, note 5. For ' Charlie ' read ' Charles. ' 

Page 11, note 10. ^V>r ' Arthurea ' read ' Arthuret.' 

Page 22, note 8. The name written ' Awthor Long ' is apparently meant 
for ' Ochterlony. ' The name of George Ochterlony occurs as curate of Tweed- 
mouth in 1640. 

Page 25, note 16. For ' Douglas ' read ' Dunglas.' 

Page 43, note 17 d . Delete 'For.' 

Page 46, note 6. For 'Bellymena ' read ' Ballymena." 

Page 70, note 19\ The pedigree given in this note is inadvertently 
repeated on page 131, note 17, with some amplification. 

Page 118, note 1. The name of the wife, and the date of the marriage of 
Taylor Thirkeld, mentioned on the fourth line from the foot of the page, has 
been repeated on the following line. 

Page 128, note 15. For 'Dennis' read 'Denis.' 

Page 139, note 1 3. For < Skern ' read < Skerne. " 



NORTH COUNTRY DIARIES 

(SECOND SERIES). 



"Let all these riches be treasured up, not only in your 
memory, where time may lesson your stock, but rather in 
good writings and books of account, which will keep them 
safe for your use hereafter." 

Sir Thomas Bodley to Sir Francis Bocon. 



f ublisjrrtr fat \\t £oriftjr 

BY ANDREWS & CO., DURHAM; 

WHITTAKER & CO., 2, WHITE HART STREET, 

PATERNOSTER SQUARE; 

AND BERNARD QUARITCH, 15, PICCADILLY, LONDON; 

BLACKWOOD & SONS, EDINBURGH. 

1915. 



313348 



At a Meeting" of the Council of the Surtees Society, 
held at Durham Castle, on Tuesday, December 5th, 1911, the 
Dean of Durham in the chair. 

' It was resolved that a second volume of North Country 
Diaries be edited by Mr. John Crawford Hodgson, F.S.A.' 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

PREFACE viii 

JOURNAL OF SIR WILLIAM BRERETON, 1635 1 

AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF SIR JOHN GIBSON, 1655 51 

JACOB BEE'S CHRONICLE 54 

MARK BROWELL'S DIARY 176 

THE FAMILY OF MARK AKENSIDE, THE POET 190 

TWO LETTERS OF BISHOP WARBURTON 193 

NORTHERN JOURNEYS OF BISHOP RICHARD POCOCKE ... 199 

DIARY OF JOHN DAWSON OF BRUNTON 253 

INDEX TO PLACES 295 

INDEX TO PERSONAL NAMES 305 

INDEX OF THE MORE IMPORTANT SUBJECTS 327 



PREFACE. 

Of the diaries and similar documents printed in this 
volume some are already known to the student of local history. 
The Journal of Sir William Brereton, which is perhaps the 
most valuable of the series, formed the first volume of the 
Chetham Society's publications and was reprinted in Richard- 
son's Imprints and Reprints of Rare Tracts in 1844. But as 
both of these editions have become rare, the Journal may very 
fitly find a place in the present series, the more so as Sir 
Philip H. B. Grey-Egerton, the present owner of the MS., 
lias permitted a fresh transcript to be made for the Surtees 
Society. The fate of the original diary of Mark Browell is 
unknown, but it was copied for the same series of Richard- 
son's Reprints. The family records of Mark Akenside were 
contributed by Mr. Richard Welford, M.A., to that valuable 
but short-lived repository of local information, Northern 
Notes and Queries. Of Warburton's letters a few copies have 
been struck off by the Bishop of Durham for private circula- 
tion ; and large extracts from John Dawson's Diary may be 
found in the Proceedings of the Newcastle Society of Anti- 
quaries. So far as is known, the other documents are now 
printed for the first time. 

Although Sir William Brereton's description of Edinburgh 
in 1635 is not flattering, he displays both candour and discern- 
ment. He seems to have been especially interested in salt 
works and in decoys for duck. Jacob Bee's Chronicle 
comprises those parts of the original MS. which are not given 
in his diary printed in Six North Country Diaries. It deals 
for the most part with humble and unimportant people, but 
it may interest the inhabitants of the city and neighbourhood 
of Durham, as will Bishop Warburton's caustic letters. The 
Journal of Bishop Pococke will appeal to a wider circle, 
containing, as it does several otherwise unrecorded Roman 
Inscriptions; while the diary of John Dawson, kept during a 
time when he was an active and conscientious militia officer, 
may amuse those interested in military affairs. 



PREFACE IX 

The Editor desires to express his great obligation to Mr. 
Welford, and Mr. H. M. Wood, B.A., for reading the whole of 
his proofs; and to the Rev. J. J. M. L. Aiken, B.D., Mr. 
Robert Blair, F.S.A., Mr. William Brown, F.S.A., and Mr. 
William Maddan for reading portions of the same. 

To the following gentlemen he is indebted for valuable 
suggestions and information : — 

Mr. Farnham Burke, Norroy King of Arms. 
The Rev. William Greenwell, F.R.S. 
The Rev. Henry Gee, D.D. 
The Rev. Canon Fowler, F.S.A. 
Professor Haverfield. 
Mr. George Neilson, LL.D. 
Mr. J. W. Clay, F.S.A. 
Mr. William Chamney. 
Mr. Edwin Dodds. 
The Rev. E. G. Cull, and others. 
He is also obliged to the Proprietors of the Newcastle 
Journal for the loan of the file of the Newcastle Courant for 
1760, in which are reported the proceedings arising out of the 
Hexham Riot; and also to Miss M. T. Martin for making 
careful transcripts at the British Museum and Record Office 
of Brereton's, Gibson's, and Pococke's MSS. 

The Editor desires also to express his obligation to the 
Bishop of Durham for Bishop Warburton's letters; to Sir 
Philip H. B. Grey-Egerton for the use of the original diary of 
iSir William Brereton ; to General Surtees, for the use of the 
original MS. of Jacob Bee; and to the Rev. Thomas Stephens, 
for the use of the original diary of John Dawson. At Mr. 
Welford's request the Akenside entries have been printed 
with capital letters and contractions exactly as they appear 
in the Registers of the Church of the Divine Unity, New- 
castle. In the other documents, contractions — save in cases 
of doubt — have been treated as matters of caligraphy and 
have been extended, the prodigal capital letter being reduced 
to modern practice. 

J. C. Hodgson. 
Alnwick, 12 May, 1915. 



THE JOURNAL OF SIR WILLIAM BRERETON, 1635 



INTEODUCTION. 



Sir William Brereton of Handforth, Cheshire, was son and heir 
'of William Brereton of that place, the representative of a younger 
branch of the family of Brereton of Brereton and Malpas, by his 
wife Margaret, daughter and coheir of Richard Holland of Denton in 
Lancashire. Born circa 1604, he was baptized at the Collegiate 
Church of Manchester, and educated at Brasenose College, Oxford, 
where he matriculated 2nd November, 1621 : he was admitted to 
Gray's Inn 29th January, 1622/3, was created a baronet 10th March, 
1626/7, was Knight of the Shire for Chester in 1628, and twice in 
1640. 

In the Civil War he took a prominent part on the side of the 
Parliament, being made Commander-in-chief in 1642 of the Cheshire 
forces, in which capacity he greatly distinguished himself. 

Sir William Brereton married circa 1627, Susan, daughter of 
"Sir George Booth, first baronet, of Dunham Massey, who died in 1637, 
leaving issue an only son, Thomas, who succeeded his father as 
second and last baronet. He married, secondly, Cicely, widow of 
Edward Mytton, and daughter of Sir William Skeffington, first 
baronet. He died at Croydon Palace — which had been granted him 
by the State — on the 7th of April, 1661, and was carried thence for 
burial in his parish church at Cheadle. His will, dated 6th April, 
1661, was proved on the 27th of July following. 

In the year 1634 — in the months of May and June — Sir William 
Brereton travelled in Holland and the Seventeen Provinces : his 
journal for that period occupying thirty-nine pages. In the follow- 
ing year, leaving his home at Handforth on the 11th of June, he 
travelled through Yorkshire, Durham, and Northumberland, to 
Edinburgh, then by Glasgow to Port. Patrick in Wigton-shire, where 
he embarked for Ireland on the 4th July, and landed at Carrick- 
fergus on the following day. To Ireland he gave twenty days, and 
having secured a passage for himself, his servants, and horses on 
board the Ninth Whelp, a vessel belonging to the Royal Navy, 



manned with sixty men, commanded by Sir Beverley Newcomen, he 
sailed from Waterford on the 25th of July and landed at Kings-road, 
near Bristol, apparently on the following day. Visiting Minehead,. 
Bridgewater, Glastonbury, Wells, Bath, Gloucester, Hereford, Lud- 
low, Shrewsbury, and Chester, he reached his own home at Handforth 
on the 5th of August in the year 1635. 

The journal throughout is in Brereton's clear, small, regular and 
very close handwriting, very few words being altered or cancelled. 
In size it is a small folio, and it is in its original plain vellum binding. 
In the fly leaves are some notes from which the following details- 
are obtained : — 

The MS. belonged to Dr. Percy, Bishop of Dromore, and by him 
was given to Mr. Cooper Walker, ' a gentleman of some literary 
eminence at that period.' After the death of the latter it was sold 
by his sister-in-law to Mr. Christopher Bentham, a cultivated Birken- 
head Quaker, who lent it to Sir Walter Scott. The latter was much 
interested in the journal and strongly urged its publication, going so 
far as to offer his services as an editor. The proposal dropped 
through, and ultimately the MS. was presented by Mr. Bentham to 
Sir Philip de M. Grey-Egerton of Oulton, tenth baronet, a Trustee of 
the British Museum, in the hands of whose grandson, Sir P. H. B. 
Grey-Egerton, it still rests. 

In the British Museum (Additional MSS. 11331, 2, 3), are tran- 
scripts or drafts of letters to and from Sir William Brereton ; of 
whom there is also a portrait, in line engraving, by G. Glover, repre- 
senting him on horseback in armour, with truncheon in right hand, 
an army in background. 

The manuscript has been already printed, having been edited by 
the late Mr. Edward Hawkins, Keeper of the Antiquities in the British 
Museum, in 1844, for the Chetham Society, from which edition the 
sections dealing with the North of England and with Scotland have 
been reprinted respectively by Richardson in his Imprints and 
Reprints, and by Mr. Hume Browne in Early Travellers in Scotland^ 
Mr. Hawkins seems to have thought it unnecessary to print the 
journal verbatim, therefore what is now presented to the Surtees; 
Society is printed from a new transcript of the original made with 
the ready permission of Sir Philip H. B. Grey-Egerton by Miss M. 
T. Martin. The text has been followed literally, although the 
Diarist's liberal use of capitals has been modified to fit modern usage. 



THE JOURNAL. 1 



[1635] Junii 11. Wee came from Handf 2 ; and tooke horse 
about 8 in the morneing, and came to Wakefield about 7 ; wee baited 
att Bostockes att Woodhead where wee paid two-pence a pint for ale 
and 3s. 8d. pro victualls; and att Wakefield att the Bull, where wee 
lodged, wee paid 5s. for supper and breakefast. Itt is an honest, and 
excellent house : Here next morning I gave my bay mare garlyck and 
butter for hir cold butt itt wrought nothing with hir ; nor did the 
drench, which I usually give, which I gave hir att Yorke next morne- 
ing ; butt by the way I observed a connie-warren walled about with 
stone containeing about one or 2 acres of land ; and nott farre from 
Yorke I went about half a mile out of the way to take a view of 
Bishopps-thorpe, the arch-bishopps palace which is about a mile or 
two distant from Yorke, placed sweetly uppon the banckside of the 
river Owes : Itt is the poorest and least capacious house, which I 
have found in Engl : belonging to any bishopricke : a verye little 
poore hall, and noe faire roomes in the whole house. In the chappie 
I observed the table, representing the altar, placed in the lower end 
of the chappie 3 : A stone building which seemes to have been, an old 
chappie, converted into a dovehouse which hath two tunnells: 

The church, which is the pareish church, called Bishops-thorpe 
church, is the least and poorest church I have mett withall in Eng- 
land ; here is onely a, curate maintained to say service. 

The bishopps cellar here well furnished with 32 hoggsheades of 
good stronge beere and 8 pipes of the same; wee tasted of itt. 

[June] 12. Wee lodged on Friday att M ris Keyes in Cunie- 
streete in Yorke where wee had excellent entertainment, and verye 
reasonable, and, next morneing, takeing another view of the Minster 
and chapterhouse I observed the round roofe hereof (for which itt 
is most famous) to bee framed of wood and boards painted : In the 
chappie wherein the bishopp is enstalled sitting in St. Peters Chaire, 
which is an old, little, decayed chaire, and famous for nothing butt 
the antiquitie thereof, there was a decayed monument for St. 

1 Some portions of this journal were reprinted, from the Chetham 
Society's volume, in Richardson's Imprints of Rare Tracts, Newcastle, 1848. 

2 Hanf = Handf ord, now Hanforth, in the parish of Cheadle, Cheshire, 
where the Diarist's property and home were. 

3 Viz., at the west end of the chapel. 



William 4 : the residue of whose bones were taken by the sexton, 1633, 
and laid carefully uppe, and this, as hee said, was done by the kings 
spetiall commaund. This man shewed us a rich gilt baseon and ewre 
and two faire bowles with plates to cover them guilt, these made 
use of when the sacrament of the Lords Supper is administred ; and, 
as hee said, they cost the king 300* or 400* : Here is a draw-well 
called St. Peters Well, which the sexton much magnified : 

A verye stately organ lately erected in the Minster quire under 
which is written : Benedictus Deus Patrum nostrorum qui dedit in 
corde regis ut adonaret^ domum suam: 

On the north or northeast side of this Minster seated Sir Arthur 
Ingrams 5 house and brave garden : whereof nott a third part 
furnished with flowers : butt disposed into little bedds whereon placed 
statues, the bedds all grass : verye faire high spatious walls round 
about this garden, and large faire trees, butt nothing well furnished 
with fruite. Here I observed a slopeing border a full yard high 
placed to the trees, which hath brought forth rootes out of the lowre 
part of the bodye of the tree ; this border is kept green : butt the 

4 William Fitz-herbert, commonly known as St. William, son of Count 
Herbert by his wife Emma, sister of King Stephen, was treasurer of York 
in 1130, and with it held other preferment. He was elected archbishop 
in 1142, but, the election being 1 contested, he was not consecrated until 
26 Sept., 1143. His opponents obtaining the upper hand, he was removed 
from his see in 1147; and it was not until 1154 that he was restored and 
re-entered the city and his cathedral on the 9th of May in that year. His 
tenure was short, for he died on the 8th of June following, and was buried 
in the minster, at the first, near the south-west pillar of the lantern and 
afterwards translated to the choir. He was canonized by Pope Nicholas 
III. and he was commemorated on the 8th of June. Cf. Raine, Fasti 
Eboracenses, pp. 220-233. 

4a Canon Fowler is of opinion that ' adonaret ' should read adomaret, 
the passage being apparently suggested by 1 Kings in, 9, vin, 17, 18; 
1 Chronicles xxix, 6-20, etc. 

5 Sir Arthur Ingram was a son of Hugh Ingram of London, citizen 
and linen draper, a native of Thorp-on-the-Hill, Yorkshire. Having 
acquired a plentiful fortune as a mercer in Fenchurch street, London, he 
purchased Temple Newsam and other estates in Yorkshire. He was 
appointed comptroller of the port of London in 1604. Knighted 9th July, 
1613, he was High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1620 and sat in Parliament as 
M.P. for Stafford in 1609, for Romney 1614, Appleby 1621, York 1624, 1625, 
1626 and 1628. Having acquired from the Archbishop of York a long 
lease of the decayed arehiepiscopal palace situated on the north side of the 
minster, he repaired and beautified the house and laid out its gardens 
with so much taste that they were one of the sights of the city. In 1640 
he built the hospital bearing the name of Bootham and died, circa 1642. 

The lease granted by the Archbishop to Ingram was renewed again 
and again to his descendants until the year 1817, when the property was 
acquired by the Dean and Chapter and the lease surrendered (for a con- 
sideration) by Francis, second Marquis of Hertford, who had acquired the 
same with his second wife Isabella, daughter and coheir of Charlie Ingram, 
ninth Viscount Irwin. See Clay, Extinct and Dorman Peerages, p. 111. 
The Dean and Chapter cleared the site and on it built a new deanery and 
a house for the canon in residence. 



gardiner conceives itt noe advantage to the trees : which are now 
cutt, and dubbed, butt the gardiner dislikes that course : To keepe 
in order and to weede, and maintaine this garden, another spatious 
orchard, wherein are manye walkes, and to keepe a faire stately walke 
uppon the cittie walls, which doe bound and compass this orchard : 
to tend and dispose of his fish, to keepe which hee hath divers fish- 
ponds in this ground, and to breed, and bringe uppe young pheas- 
aunds : there is onely allowed him x 1 per annum and Sir Arthur to 
bee att noe more chardge : 

The pheasaunds are bred in this manner: when the pheasand 
henns begin to lay, their eggs are taken from them : kept in bran 
and sett, and hatcht under an hen : fed with pisimers 6 and kept in 
an house : 

Foure cisternes here are made of bricke about a yard deepe, and 
square, to keepe pikes : breames : tench : and carpes : Water is ■ 
pumped into these, butt I doe nott expect these to succeed well ; they 
are placed in an open house, walled, butt the roofe sufficiently open 
and yett under locke and key : This gardiner conceaves that mingle- 
ing muck with soile, and plaoeing itt to the tree rootes is verye good : 
butt nott muck alone : 

Munday Junii 5. I went to see Sir Ti : Hob : 7 with whom I had 
much discourse circa quendam nob: whom hee had found a most 
dangerous man to discourse with in private, and therefore this was 
allwayes his answer, when his opinion or advise was required : that 
hee would consider of itt, and returne his answer in writeing : Some 
things chardged and fathered uppon him which he never spoake : 

Instaunce given of a most dishonest practise in P : W : unto 
whom was delivered in Channell-roe-house 8 a great booke of 2 sheetes 
of parchment subscribed by W: D : wherein were feoffees in trust : 
Com : Sarisburiens : Sir Gualter Cope 9 and others : A fine there is 
still extant, leadeing to this booke which hee finding repaired 
presently ad Com : Sarisb : and said unto him : " You and some 
others are feoffees for such an. estate : enquire I beseech you into 

6 Pisimers = pismire, an ant or emmet. 

7 This contracted name has been identified by Mr. J. W. Clay, whose 
knowledge of Yorkshire families of this period is unmatched, with Sir 
Thomas Posthumus Hoby of Hackness in Yorkshire, who was knighted 
7 July, 1594, in Ireland by the Lord-Deputy. A transcript of Lady Hoby's 
diary, 1599-1605, from the original in the British Museum, is in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Clay. One of the family seems to have been Sir William 
Brereton's companion in the expedition. 

8 Channell-row-house was at, or near, New Palace Yard, Westminster. 

9 Sir Walter Cope was grandson of Sir Anthony Cope of Hanwell in 
Oxfordshire, a well-known personage in Tudor times. He was a member of 
the Elizabethan Society of Antiquaries; was knighted by James I. at 
Worksop 21st April, 1603; was appointed Chamberlain of the Exchequer, 
where he helped to arrange the records, and Master of the Wards in 1613. 
In 1607 he built Cope Castle, now known as Holland House, and. five years 
later purchased the manor of Kensington. He died 31st July, 1614. 



6 

your fathers evidence ' ' : Whereuppon search beeing made by him, 
hee found the booke, and delivered itt unto him : whereby W: 
Comis D : conveys over lande and goodes ejus Comitis : reserveing 1 
onely Bidst : and 1000* per annum : In this provisio facta pro 
Bom : R : 5 : This booke delivered in loco predicto to P : W : with 
this chardge, and commaund : that the same should bee most carefully 
kept, and laid uppe against his comeing that summer ad L : where 
was then D : de T : This was receaved by P: W : and itt was 
promised : butt att his comeing ad L : and that hee was desired to 
peruse the evidence in Eagl : Tow : See soone as hee came thereinto : 
hee spoake thus to P : W: "Lett us begin where wee last left: 
Where is that booke I gave you att Lend : in loco predicto t ' ' Hee 
answered in such a box ; where searching, noe such thing was to bee 
found : every box, till and corner searched, butt itt was nott to be 
found in that house : Quare utrum nil negatur super sacr amentum 
P: W: 

This man the most understanding, able, and industrious justice 
of peace in this kingdome. 

Noe warrant graunted out butt he takes notice thereof in a booke : 
and att sessions an account demaunded of all those warrants sent 
out : which if the constables to whom, they are delivered, doe not 
exequute nor returne, and give an account: they are called uppon 
att the sessions : or if those that require and procure the warrants 
keepe them in their hands, and make use of them for their owne 
ends and doe nott deliver them to bee served they are bound over 
to the sessions. 

This day a widdow by him ordered to bee committed, because 
shee refused to pay the money, which was five pound, committed to 
hir husband as overseer of the poor of the pareish whose stocke this 
was : shee beeing his exequutor : this hee said might bee justified, 
and that the law thus directs. 

To cure a straine of the back sinewes : Ralph Hungate's 10 receipt 
practised uppon old, cripple, and many other horses with good succes : 

Receave of euphorsion 10a three pennieworth : as much cantharides : Lett 
these bee bruised and mingled with Oile de Bay, 3 pennieworth : or for 
want thereof with swine's grease rendred : whereof you make an ointment 
or salve, if it bee a great or an old straine you must add unto itt 1 : or 2 : 
pennieworth of white mercurie (more or less to bee used as in discretion 
you thinke fitt and according to the straine). This beeing mingled with 
the former to bee applied thus : — When all the haire is dipt of where the 
swelling and straine is : then allsoe shave itt with a sharpe razeor and after- 
wards with a penknife sharpe and well whetted, launce itt downe the 
backe and swelled and strained part of the legg in 3 or 4 long razes : and 
the ointment with your hand is to bee rubbed and chafed uppon the place 
shaved and launced. : if your horse be unruely hee must bee cast : then 
take a fire-shovell, red hott, or a red hott iron plate and hold before the 

10 Probably Ralph Hungate of Sandhutton, third son of William 
Hungate of Saxton. 

10a Euphorbia or Euphorbium. 



place thus anointed untill the ointment sinke and drench into the skin : 
These cautions to bee observed : 

1. Firsti the horse is to be tied soe short as that hee cannott reach 
itt with his mouth, least hee gnaw when itt smarts, and bee poisoned, 
after 24 hours thus tied you may turne him out of doores, for he must 
not stand still in the stable : This beeing thus anointed will blister 
within half an houre or an houre : 

2. Observe whether itt swell upwards and towards the bodye which 
if you discerne speediely with milke anoint and with your hand stroake 
the swelling downewards twixt his briskett and his knee. He must (sic) 
diligently watched and attended and after 5 or 6 dayes you must 
anoint the same with fresh butter. 

[1635] Junii 10. I went from Allerstone 11 to Ellenthorpe lla in 5 
houres. Where discourseing about the great storme I was there 
credibly informed that uppon Ribstone Moore (which is neere Sir 
Henn : Gooderickes 12 in Yorkesh : ) there perished 7 persons in the 
storme nott 12 score from their habitations : and a woeman neere 
Goolesborrow, Judg Huttons, 13 that attained to the doore of : hir 
husbands house beeing shutt : one of hir maides saw hir att the doore 
thorow the window : butt shee beeing spent, sate downe uppon a 
blocke before the doore. They went unto and opened the doore in 
all hast and found hir quite dead. Sea fish uppon the coast of 
Lanckashire perished in the storme 50 cart loade together. 

Great complaint here att Failkirk in Scottl : as of ithe last 
winters extremitie of cold, frost and snow : wherein perished many 
in their houses for want of releefe: divers and many houses, beeing 
buried in the snow, and could nott bee found, butt by the smoake of 
the chimneyes : many sheepe and cattle perished in this storme. 
Soe now, they are mightiely punished with extreme drought ; which 
as itt keepes downe their summer, soe allsoe doth itt hinder the winter 

11 Thomas Egerton of Allerston in Pickering Lythe was second son of 
Sir Richard Egerton of Ridley in Cheshire, knight, and brother of Richard 
Egerton of Ridley, who married the Diarist's sister. 

lla Ellenthorpe, near Boroughbridge. 

12 Sir Henry Goodrick of Ribston, eldest son of Richard Goodrick of 
the same place, was educated at Queen's College, Oxford, where he matricu- 
lated 23rd July, 1596, being then 18 years of age. He was admitted to 
•Gray's Inn 22nd November, 1598; knighted 11th May, 1603, and was 
subsequently appointed Vice-President of the Council of the North. 
Dying 22nd July, 1641, he was buried at Ribston, where there is a monu- 
mental inscription. Cf. Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire, ed. Clay, vol. i, 
p. 55. 

13 Sir Richard Hutton of Goldsborough, West Riding of Yorkshire, son 
of Anthony Hutton of Hutton, near Penrith, was educated at Jesus 
College, Oxford, admitted to Gray's Inn 26th October, 1580, called to the 
bar 16th June, 1586, sergeant at law 1603, recorder of York 1608, recorder 
of Ripon 1610, puisne judge, 1617, being knighted 13th April, 1617, and 
keeper of the Great Seal of Durham, 1631. He was one of the judges in 
the trial of Hampden on his refusal to pay Ship Money and was one of 
five judges who gave judgment in his favour. Dying 26th February, 
1638/9, he was buried at St. Dunstan in the West. 



8 

corne from shooteing freely. A most extreme winter allsoe hath 
here been in Ireland : and such drought, and extreme heate here att 
Ennerscoffie 14 and Washford, 15 as doth burne uppe all their corne 
and grass : These heates began Julye 7 : and itt was as extreme 
violent hott weather as ever I felt in my life from this day. Itt did 
exceedingly distemper us to travell in the heate of the day, or indeed 
any time of the day; except there were some cooleing refreshing- 
wind : dureing this time the wind stood most easterly : This extreme 
hott scortching weather did continue in Ireland untill about 21 Julii : 
uppon which day was much raine and itt continued dropping weather 
untill wee left Ireland Jul: 25. In all high field grounds much 
want of hay and grass : which is burnt uppe insoemuch as Mr. Ward 
mine host att Waterford affirmed that where hee had two loade of 
hay last yeare, hee had scarce one this yeare : Here allsoe they had 
extreme stormes of frost, and snow : And when I came into Engl : 
Julii 26 : I found the like wants and complaints in Engl : I paid 
att Bristoll 12d. day and night hay: and att Bath lOd. a night for 
hay : and a minister affirmed unto mee, comeing twixt Bath and 
Bristoll, that where they had 20 loade of hay last yeare they had 
nott 4 loade this yeare. About this time here was much dropping 
weather. Mightiely punished in this countrie by drought and much 
more in the south : Here they are constrained to putt their melch 
kine into their meadowes : noe raine to speake of hath fallen here 
since the storme : and in the Bishopricke noe grasse allmost to bee 
found, nor any low meadowes. 

Ju : 19. Wee left Ellenthorpe : whence to Catericke Brig is 12 
miles : faire way : Leemeing Lane 7 long : as straight levell way as 
is Wattling-streete from the Cross 16 twixt Hintley 17 and Lutterworth 
to Adderstone. 18 From Caterig-brigg 19 to Piers-brig 20 7 miles a 
straight way allsoe : thence to Bishoppe Auckland 7 mile. Wee 
lodged att Newton 2 miles out of the roade, and from. Peires Brig, 
with generous Mr. Henerye Blackstone, 1 younger brother to Sir 
W : Blackst : of Gibsett, whose eldest son married my cosin Mary 
Eggert : Here I was kindly and neately entertained and this gent : 
brought mee (sic) Aukeland : invited mee to his brother's and his 
nephew Wrens, — Mr. Linsley Wren who married Sir W : Blackst : 
daughter — a fine gentl : very lively e, and of a free cariage etc. 

Here hee lodged all night, and (uppon his returne to Auckland 
next morne:) staide with mee untill evening. 

14 Query Enniscorthy or Enniscoffey, co. Westmeath. 

13 Query Waterford. 16 High Cross. 17 Hinckley. 

18 Atherstone. 19 Catterick-bridge. 20 Piercebridge. 

1 Henry Blakiston of Archdeacon Newton, brother of Sir William 
Blakiston of Gibside, died in 1641. His son Sir William Blakiston, a 
colonel in the service of Charles I., married the Diarist's kinswoman, Mary,, 
daughter of Sir Richard Egerton of Ridley in Cheshire. See Surtees> 
Durham, vol. n, p. 255. 



Junii 20. Wee went from this good famielye uppon Sat : 20 : 
Ju : and by the way in his grounds hee showed good marie ; he 
breedes about 20 calves yeerely : I saw hansome wellikeing stirkes 
of his about 20 : This morneing I tasted pure white honey out of the 
last yeares combe. Here bees prosper well, though itt bee soe much 
north ; here is about 18 hives : none perished last winter : The 
mouthes stopped in winter close uppe : onely to admitt fire, butt a 
little hole bee made with a stick : The hives were onely covered on 
the top with a clod of earth, and are indeed verye strong and sub- 
stantiall : In some places in this countrey they remoove their hives 
in winter into their houses : They yeeld most profitt, and purest 
honey, if they live nott above 2 : or 3 : yeeres : and then may bee 
drowned : A good hive worth 11. 10s. 0. or 21. per annum. Soe much 
were their bees worth : Here I saw the most and best purest honey 
that I ever met withall : One great pott worth 5 or 6Z. Greater 
profitt herein than in any other commoditie, and with least trouble 
and chardge : 

This day att Bishoppe-Auckland with Dr. Moreton, 2 Bishopp of 
Durham, who maintaines great hospitalitie, in an orderly well 
governed house, and is a very worthy reverend bishoppe : whose 
importunitie I could nott resist : who when I offered to take leave, 
brought mee into my chamber : 

This castle as itt is a stately, pleasaunt seate, of great receipt, 
soe is itt of great strength, compassed with a thicke stone wall seated 
uppon the side of an hill, uppon a rocke : a river running below : 
and good store of wood (though little timber) encompassing above. 

Here is a verye faire, neate hall, as I have found in any bishopps 
palace 3 in Engl : Two chappies belong hereunto : the one over the 

2 Thomas Morton, born at York 20 March, 1564, being son of Eichard 
Morton of that city, mercer and alderman, was educated at St. John's 
College, Cambridge, of which society he was elected scholar in 1584, B.A. 
1586, M.A. 1590, B.D. 1598, D.D. 1606. He was successively rector of Long 
Marston, chaplain to Ealph, Lord Eure when ambassador extraordinary to 
the Emperor, in which office he not only became acquainted with many 
learned men but had an opportunity of furnishing his library by judicious 
purchases at Frankfort. He was made dean of Gloucester in 1607, dean 
of Winchester in 1609, prebendary of York in 1610, bishop of Chester 1616, 
bishop of Lichfield 1618, and bishop of Durham in 1632. When in 1641 it 
was resolved that cathedral establishments should be suppressed, Dr. Morton 
with other of his brethren protested and was impeached and his revenues 
sequestrated. The proceedings against him were allowed to drop, but 
in 1645 he again came into conflict with the Government of the day and 
in the following year he was deprived of the revenues of the see. A con- 
siderable annual allowance was promised him though apparently never paid. 
He died in retirement 22 September, 1659, aged 94. There is an engraved 
portrait of Bp. Morton in Hutchinson, History of Durham, vol. i, p. 495. 

3 A full account of the Bishop of Durham's house at Auckland, may be 
found in Eaine, Auckland Castle, Durham, 1852. For notices of the original 
chapels built by Bishop Bek in 1308, described by the Diarist, and for an 
exhaustive description of the present magnificent chapel, see a paper by 
the Eev. J. F. Hodgson in Arch. Ad., 2 ser., vol. xvm, pp. 113-240. 



10 

other : the higher a most dam tie, neate, light, pleasaunt place : butt 
the voice is soe drowned, and swallowed by the echo, as few wordes 
can bee understoode. The tower is made use of uppon Sabbath- 
dayes : where 21 Ju : Dr. Dod 4 now Deane of Rippon made an excel- 
lent sermon : great resort hither on Sab : by the neighbourhood : 
one sermon in mor : and praiers in aftern : Here are 3 dineing 
roomes : a faire matted gallerye : wherein there was placed on both 
sides these pictures : Jo : Huss : Hierom of Prauge : Luther : 
Zuinglius : C'ranmer : Latymer : Whittakers : Wickclifte : Calvin : 
Beza : Perkins : Bullinger : Jewell : Fagius : Ridley : Bradford : 
Zanchius: Bucer : etc. and none butfc of this straine. 5 

A daintie, stately parke, wherein I saw wild bulls and kine which 
had 2 calves runners : There are about 20 wild beasts all white : will 
nott endure your approach ; butt if they bee enraged or distressed, 
very violent and furious : their calves will bee wondrous fatt. 6 

Apud Prandium, this 20 Junii : A discourse per ijosum episcojnim 
of a petition or supplication presented to the Queen Eliz : by a girle 
of 12 or 14. yeares of age: whose father was injurious^ committed 
to prison by the meanes and greatness of my L : Hunsdon 7 then L : 
Chamb : who beeing committed sends for a daughter, a child of preg- 
nant witt and parts : and gives hir money to pay for hir fraught 8 : 
directs hir to take presently a paire of oares to Greenwitch : and to 
goe directly to the Queen and nott to impart unto any hir errand : 
onely shee was by hir father directed to answer all that questioned 
hir : I have a supplication, hir M tie . Shee was brought uppe into the 

4 Thomas Dod, D.D., dean of Ripon, is mentioned in Six North 
Country Diaries, p. 30n. He died in February, 1647-8. 

5 John Huss, the Bohemian reformer and martyr, horn 1370, died 1415. 
Jerome of Prague, the friend and disciple of John Huss, born circa 1365, 
burnt 1416. Luther, the reformer, born 1483, died 1546. Zuinglius, the 
Swiss reformer, horn 1484, died 1531. Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury 
and reformer, born 1489, burnt 1556, to whose wisdom the Book of Common 
Prayer owes much. Latimer, bishop of Worcester and a Marian martyr, 
died 1555. William Whittaker, Master of St. John's College and protestant 
controversialist, born 1547; died 1595. Wickliffe, the reformer, born 1324, 
died 1384. Calvin, the Swiss reformer, born 1509, died 1564. Beza, 
protestant theologian, born 1519, died 1605. William Perkins, fellow of 
Christ's College, Cambridge, and protestant controversialist, born 1558, 
died 1602. Bullinger, a Swiss reformer, born 1504, died 1575. Jewell, 
bishop of Salisbury, a protestant apologist, born 1522, died 1571. Fagius, 
a German protestant, died at Cambridge in 1550, aged 44. Ridley, bishop 
of London, one of the Marian martyrs, died 1555. John Bradford, a 
Marian martyr, died 1555. Zanchius, otherwise Zanchi, an Italian pro- 
testant, born 1516, died at Heidelburg, 1590. Bucer, the reformer, born 
1491, died 1551. 

6 The wild cattle at Auckland remained until the Civil War. 

7 Sir Henry Carey, first cousin of Q. Elizabeth, was created Baron 
Hunsdon in 1559, and held many important public offices. He was Lord 
Chamberlain of the Household from 1585 to his death in 1596. 

8 Fraught = the hire of a boat for the transportation of a freight or 
cargo, New English Dictionary. 



11 

Presence where the Count-ess of Oxford 9 personated the Queen : and 
deceived the child : afterward® beeing brought before the Queen, 
my Lo : Hunsd : present, who seeing hir, said : ' This is a prettie 
supplioatour ' : who beeing commaunded to deliver hir message, 
said : ' A supplication, to your Ma tie . my L : Hunsd : hath committed 
my father like a theyfe, to prison, for seekeing his owne ' : The 
Queene much displeased, said : ' My Lordi ex ore infantice you are 
condemned. Lett this bee reformed ■ ; hee was therebye sett at 
libertie. 

Some other facetious discourses I remember : Archies 10 answer 
to Don Olivaries : (when there was a solemne precession and great 
adoration of the hoast mi the streetes) who demaunded whether hee 
did nott beleeve that Christ was there really and personally present : 
He answered : Noe : for hee had heard itt said : that when hee was 
uppon the earth: that the whoresome theeves crucified him, there- 
fore hee will come noe more amongst them, : Herewith Olivaries much 
taken asked him another question : ' Dost nott thou beeleeve that 
the Popes Holliness is guided with such an infallible spiritt, as that 
hee cannott erre : see as if he say your red coate be black, you are 
bound to beeleeve him ' : to* which hee answered : ' What saith your 
Excellence ' : Hee repeated the same question : After he had a little 
paused, and stammered : he answered : ' If the Pope say soe, hee is 
ill of eyesight ' : These answers were reported to the King and 
Queen o^ Spaine, who were much affected therewith and then was 
there conferred, and is still continued, a pension of 100/. per annum. 

I demaunded from him : whether bowing to the altar were 
injoyned, and commaunded by any canon, or left free and arbitrarie : 
Hee answered : Itt was left free and arbitrarie : Itt was nott bowing 
to the altar now in use, butt towards the east', as Daniell pray (sic) : 
and itt was nott to bee accounted an altar, butt the communion 
table" : 

9 Edward de Vere, seventeenth Earl of Oxford, succeeded his father 
in 1562 and died in 1604. He married, first, Anne, daughter of William 
Cecil Lord Burghley; and, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Trentham of Roucester. See Burke, Extinct Peerage. 

10 Archibald Armstrong, more commonly known as Archie the King's 
jester, said to have been originally a sheep stealer in Eskdale, stood high 
in the favour of James I, who permitted him to accompany Charles, Prince 
of Wales, and Buckingham to Spain in 1623 when the Prince went to 
woo the Infanta. With the Eoyal family at Madrid Archie managed to 
ingratiate himself and also received gifts from Olivarez, the all powerful 
prime minister. He retained his office of Court Fool on the accession of 
•Charles I., but experienced the ill offices of Laud whom he is said to have 
insulted by begging permission to say grace at Whitehall, he being present, 
and blurting out 'Great praise be given to God and little laud to the 
Devil.' He subsequently retired to Arthuret in Cumberland, where he, or a 
kinsman of the same name, was buried 1 April, 1672. 

II Daniel ' went into his house (now his windows were open in his 
■chamber towards Jerusalem;) and he kneeled upon his knees.' Daniel vi, 10. 
Jerusalem must be west or south-west from the place of Daniel's exile. 

No one who has visited St. Sophia in Constantinople, built for a 



12 

A certaine person seeing some sitt above the communion table* 
in St. Nichol : church in New-castle : said : ' Itt was nott fitt that 
any should sitt above God himself/ 12 

This bishopp assured mee, that faire spring water in the morneing* 
receaved into your mouth, and there kept untill itt bee lukewarme 
and then swallowed is an excellent medicine to cure the choliok and 
stone : and that hee himself hath been hereby cured, and allsoe Sir 
Will: Blackstone 13 of Gibsett: The reason hereof by him appre- 
hended was that the fasting spittle was herewith swallowed : which 
hath an excellent virtue fasting : even to kill a serpent : Hee said hee 
knew some who would never part with any spittle : but swallowed 
itt downe : Here wee rested the Lord's day : and were verye gener- 
ously and nobly entertained : Here dined with him this day Mr. 
Linsley Wren of Winchester, 14 and his wife a mightye gallant, a fine 
daintie gentlewoeman : if shee knew not how to value and prise the 
perfections God hath given hir: whose husband hath impaired his 
estate in maintaining 14a att soe«great height. 

Junii 22 : Uppon Munday morneing early, Dr. Dod and myself 
hence departed : and I delivered unto his servaunt my packquett of 
letters for Cheshire : I went hence to the cittie of Durham, which is 
7 miles from Auckland castle : where I gave in rewards to the officers 
10s. 6d: 

Durham. Wee saw Durham hence : which stands high uppon 
divers hills, and is a stately and delightfull prospect : Especially the 
Minster, and the bishopps pallace, which is built castle-wise, this is 

Christian temple and now a Mohammedan mosque, can have failed to 
observe the curious effect produced by the lines of prayer carpets being 
angled, so that the worshippers, in accordance with Moslem ritual, may 
pray toward Mecca. In this way the faithful seated on the floor — row 
behind row — direct their faces not towards the apse but towards the 
south-east angle of the vast building. This was seen by the Editor on- 
Saturday, 11 January, 1896. 

12 The place in St. Nicholas's church where ' some sitt above the com- 
munion table ' was probably the gallery over the chancel screen — the old 
rood loft — in front, or on the west side, of which the holy table may have 
been placed at the communion time in accordance with post-Reformation' 
custom and agreeable to the rubric. In 1639 Bishop Morton wrote to 
Yelderd Alvey, vicar of Newcastle, ' it was required of the churchwardens, 
of St. Nicholas', according as his Majesty hath commanded, that the gallery 
which obstructs the chancel shall be removed.' See Memoirs of Ambrose 
Barnes, p. 327. 

13 Sir William Blakiston of Gibside in the county of Durham who was 
knighted 23 April, 1617, and died in 1641. 

14 The name of the place which formerly belonged to the family of 
Wren is Binchester, near Bishop Auckland. Lindley Wjren mentioned in 
the text, born circa 1600, was eldest son and heir of Sir Charles Wren of 
Binchester, knight, and of Gray's Inn. He married, circa 1622, Barbara,, 
daughter of the above named Sir William Blakiston 

Ua There is space for a word left here. 



13 

a place of great strength, and is in good repaire : wherein the bishopp 
doth winter : which is nott large as Auckland butt verye stately, 
and convenient : Hee is Bishoppe of Durham, and Earle of Sad- 
berrie 15 : In this there is a verye little chappell : and noe great hall 16 
and 3 dineing roomesi, and a little gallerie wherein are the armes of 
all the gentlemen of this countrie of Bishoppricke : 

The Minster is as neately kept as in (sic) any in England, built 
like unto Paules : Wherein are, in the bodie of the church, on either 
side, 3 great and stately pillars, as great as Paules : Herein the dain- 
tiest font 17 that I have seen in Engl : The bodie, or font-stone, and 
foote of pure marble : over which is placed a cover, or canopie folding 
of wood, curiously carved, wherein described the historye of C*. 
baptisme. 

Herein a stately paire of double organs 18 which looke both into 
the bodye of the church, and chaunoell : a. stately altar stone 19 all of 
fine marble standing uppon a frame of marble pillars of the same 
marble of the font : When the communion is here administered, which 
is by the bishoppe himself : here is laid uppon this altar, or rather 
communion table, a stately cloath of cloath of gold : The bishopp useth 
the new red embroidered cope 20 which is wrought full of starrs : like 
one, I have seen, worae in St. Dennis in Fraunce : there are here 

15 Bishop Pudsey (1153-1195) purchased the wapentake and official 
earldom of Sadberge, near Darlington, from Richard I., when the latter 
was preparing for his crusade; the subject is obscure and has not been 
thoroughly worked out; but see Dr. Lapsley in his notable work The 
■County Palatine of Durham. 

16 The Diarist's statement that there was no great hall can only be 
explained on the supposition that Bp. Hatfield's noble hall — one of the 
chief ornaments of the castle — had been subdivided into the three dining 
rooms mentioned in the text in a more substantial manner than has 
been supposed. 

17 The red marble font admired by the Diarist was set up by Dean Hunt 
circa 1620 and was destroyed when the Scots were quartered or imprisoned 
in the cathedral in 1641. In 1663 a handsome white marble basin was set 
up but was turned out in 1847 to make room for the pseudo Norman struc- 
ture now in use. Happily the 1663 font has been preserved in Pittington 
church. 

18 The ' pair of double organs ' may be identified with the organ built 
in 1621 and destroyed during the Scottish occupation of the cathedral in 
1641. See Rites of Durham, ed. Fowler, pp. 163, 299. 

19 The ' stately altar stone ' descriebd in the text represents the com- 
munion table set up by Dean Hunt circa 1621, and still existing out of 
sight, being masked by a table of more fashionable dimensions. It consists 
of a slab of red marble carried on six supports of the same material inlaid 
with marble of a greenish colour. See Rev. W. Greenwell, Durham 
Cathedral, 2 ed. (1886), p. 61. 

20 If the Diarist's statement about the copes means that this vestment 
had been recently introduced into the Durham ritual it would conflict with 
the entry in Gyll's Diary recording its disuse in July or August, 1760. 
See Six North Country Diaries, p. 208. Possibly Gyll's statement may be 
regarded as an instance of the growth of tradition. 



u 

other two rich coapes : all which are shaped like unto long cloakes 
reaching downe to the ground, and which have round capes : 

In the higher end of the church, above the chauncell stoode the 
shrine of St. Cuttbert : which doubtless was verye larg and rich : 
inasmuch as before itt, and on either side: you may discerne the 
stones, whereupjDon you tread, much worne, and great cavities made 
by the scrapeing of those that came to worshipp, and offer to this St. 
And betwixt this shrine, and the higher end and wall of the church, 
there is a cross ile, which doth allsoe encompass the chauncell : Here 
still appeares where there were formerly 9 altars which are now 
demolished : In the window there is placed the picture of St. Cutt- 
bert praying in the Holy Isle, 1 the water flowing uppe to> his chin: 
The picture, allsoe in glass, of a frior correcting a nun, and turneing 
downe the bed cloathes to hir middle : Here in the chauncell, which 
is very neate, is a most stately deske of brass, 2 which was the part 
of a candlesticke : which att the Dissolution was throwen into an 
obscure place, and found butt of late : This was a most mightye vast 
candlesticke : In the lower end of this Minster, (which is called St. 
Cuttbers) is St. Maries chappie, which was erected, and added unto 
the church, by Bishoppe Langley 3 : Herein is now the consistorie kept : 
and herein allsoe is a tombe and monument of Bede: Hie jacet in 
fossa Bedce venerabilis Ossa : 

In the churchyeard is the tombe of him that was the steward, and 
disburst the money, when the church was erected : of whom itt is 
reported : that all his money being paid overnight : his glove was 
by a spiritt every night filled, and supplyed : soe as though itt was 
emptie overnight, yett was replenished next morneing : His hand is 
made holding a glove stufft with money : and by this meanes was 
this great worke built : The name of steward of the worke was 
Huppabella. 4 

Uppon the highest hill within this towne is seated this Minster 
and pallace, 5 and those parts of the streetes of the towne which are 

1 According to a statement in Bites of Durham, edited by Canon 
Fowler, p. 115, the window described in the text must have been in the 
north aisle of the choir. 

2 A notice of the brass lectern, or desk, as it was called, given by 
Robert Swift, prebendary of the first stall 1562-1599, and rector of Sedge- 
field, may be found in Rites of Durham, ed. Fowler, p. 206. It was made 
out of a portion of the metal of the pre-Beformation paschal candlestick. 

3 The heautiful consistory-court or Galilee chapel, built by Bishop 
Pudsey (1153-1195) was reroofed, repaired and beautified by Bishop Langley 
(1406-1437). Of the propriety of this addition to the west part of the 
cathedral each must judge for himself. See Greenwell, Durham Cathedral, 
2 ed. (1886), p. 66. 

4 The legend of Hobby Pellel or Hobb of Pelaw, to whom the effigy 
mentioned in the text is mistakenly ascribed, is discussed by Canon Fowler, 
Rites of Durham, pp. 169, 301. See Metrical Life of St. Cuthbert, Introduc- 
tion, p. xii; Eaine, Brief Account, p. 64n; and Scriptores Tres., p. 26. 

5 The designation of palace as applied to the Castle of Durham, is only 
preserved in the name of Palace Green, although the latter name is 
possibly a corruption of Place Green. 



15 

seated uppon the same hill, are within the walls, which doe (sic) 
encompassed with the wall of the cittie 6 : This Minster is endowed 
with mightye large revenewes : Tis said: noe less than 7 or 8,0001. 
per annum. 

Twelve prebends belong hereunto : worth 200 or 300Z. per 
annum : The deanerie worth about 1,400/. and 12 pettie canons about 
101. per annum. 7 

This hill whereon seated the Minster, and castle is allmost com- 
passed round with the river Weare : over which there are placed two 
faire bridges : There are 4 or 5 other streetes of the towne and 
suburbs : placed straggling one from another uppon the hill-topps : 
Some reasonable hansome houses in this cittie, which is butt poore 
by reason here is noe trade : this cittie is compassed about with 
much higher hills than itt is built uppon. Hence in the afternoone 
goeing toward Newcastle uppon (sic) wee saw Lumley castle which 
belongs to my Lord Lumley : it's in reasonable good repaire though 
of noe great strength : neere hereunto, and about 3 mile from New- 
castle, there is a towne placed, called Chester in the Streete : The 
suburbs of Newcastle on this side the bridg are in the Bishopricke, 
and itt is said : that the counties of Bishopricke and Northumber- 
land divide uppon the middle of Tine Bridg : 

Newcastle-uppon-Tine. This is beyond all compare the fairest 
and richest towne in England : inferiour for wealth and building to 
noe cittie save London : and Bristow : and whether itt may nott 
deserve to be accounted as wealthy as Bristow, I make some doubt : 
Itt is seated uppon the river Tine : the mouth of which river 
affoardes such a narrow channell att low water, as, itt is said, nott to 
bee above 40 yards broade : and, att the mouth, there is a great 
shelfe and bancke of sand : soe as att a high water allsoe itt is most 
dangerous passage for strangers, inasmuch as they must pass neere 
to that side of the haven which lyeth close by and neere under the 
commaund of Tine-mouth Castle 8 : which is a daintie seated castle, 
allmost compassed with the sea, wherein hath been the fairest church 
I have seen in any castle : butt now itt is out of repaire, and much 
neglected : Itt belongeth to the Earle of Northumberland. This 

6 A learned paper written by the late Mr. W. H. D. Longstaffe entitled 
'Is the Cathedral within the City of Durham '? may be found in Arch. Ad., 
ser. 2, vol. ii, p. 203, in which it is stated that the cathedral-college and 
precincts were free from the mayor of Durham's jurisdiction, his admission 
being barred by the Bailey gate, or gaol, which formerly stood across the 
street where the lines of demarcation ran. 

7 It is stated that previous to the setting up of the Ecclesiastical Com- 
mission and to the transfer to that body of the estates belonging to the 
deanery, to the twelve stalls and to the chapter, the Dean and Chapter of 
Durham were possessed of an annual income of .£100,000. Ex. inf., the 
Eev. William Greenwell. 

8 Tynemouth castle was dismantled three years after it was visited by 
the Diarist. An exhaustive description of the priory church, part of which 
was parochial, with a plan, may be found in the new History of Northumber- 
land, vol. VIII. 



16 

river conveyes a navigable channell from the sea to Newcastle, 
which is about 7 miles : and itt doth flow about 6 or 7 miles (as I 
was informed) above the towne into the countrey : This river is verye 
plentifully furnished with salmon : and over the same, twixt Bishopp- 
ricke and Northumberland, there is erected (except London Bridge 
over Thames and the bridge att Barwick over Tweed) one of the 
fairest bridges 9 I have mett with in England, consisting of eight 
arches: London containes 18 arches: Barwick bridg 15: and this 
of Newcastle 8 arches : Rochester bridge over Medway hath 6 large 
arches erected with most dimcultye and over the deepest channell : 
and itt is a neate bridg, which hath iron bars placed on both sides : 
This towne of Newcastle is governed by a maieor, 10 a recorder, a 
sheriffe, and 12 aldermen: Itt hath great revenewes belonging unto 
itt (as I was informed) att least 5,000/. or 6,000/. per annum : besides 
great colearies imployed for the use and supply of the commons and 
poore of the towne : Herein are 5 churches : and St. Nichol : u 
church, which is the fairest, is as neate pewed, and formed with as 
much uniformitie, as any I have found in England : and itt (sic) as 
neately kept and trimmed : This towne was assessed to pay 3,570/. 
towards the building of the late ship 12 : and Yorke taxed 1,800 : 
and some tewnes of the countrye contributed with them and paid 
700/. part of 1,800/. taxed: 

There is every day a markett here kept ; and in a daintie markett 
place. Thuesday and Saturday a mightye markett and much pro- 
vision comes out of Northumberland : infinite store of poultrye. 

This towne (a great part of itt) placed uppon the highest and the 
steepest hills, that I have found in any great towne : These soe steepe 
as horses cannott stand uppon the pavements : therefore the daintiest 
flagged channells are in every streete that I have seen : hereuppon 
may horse or man goe without danger of slideing : Resting here, 
23 Jun : I tooke boate about 12 clooke and went downe to Tinemouth 
and to the Sheeldes : and returned about 7 clocke : itt is about 7 

9 ' The Three Bridges over the Tyne at Newcastle ' are the subject of 
a paper by the Rev. J. C. Bruce printed in Arch. Ad., 2 ser., vol. x, p. 1. 
The bridge seen by the Diarist is described in two admirable papers by 
Mr. Jas. Clephan entitled respectively, ' Old Tyne Bridge and its Cellars ' 
and ' Old Tyne Bridge and its Story.' See Arch. Ad., 2 ser., vol. ix, p. 
237 also vol. xn, p. 135. That bridge, flanked with shops and houses like 
the Ponte Yecchio at Florence, was destroyed by the Flood of 1771. 

10 At the time of the Diarist's visit the mayor of Newcastle was Ralph 
Cock, the sheriff, John Marley, and the recorder, Sir Thomas Riddell. 

11 The town of Newcastle was, and in some respects is still, one parish, 
with St. Nicholas's as the parish church. There were three urban parochial 
chapels, viz.: St. Andrew's, St. John's and All Saints', together with the 
free chapel of St. Thomas on the Tyne bridge, belonging to the Hospital of 
St. Mary Magdalen. The two rural chapels of Gosforth and Cramlington 
were also dependent on the parish church of St. Nicholas. 

12 Particulars of the attempt of the Crown to levy ship money in 
Newcastle may be found in the third volume of Mr. Richard Welford's 
Newcastle and Gateshead. 



17 

miles : Here I viewed the salt-workes wherein is more salt workes, and 
more salt made then in any part of England that I know, and all the 
salt here made is made of salt water : these pans which are not to bee 
numbred beeing placed in the river mouth : and wrought with coales 
brought by water from Newcastle pitt9 : 

A most daintie new saltworke lately here erected : which is abso- 
lutely the most compleate worke that I ever saw : 

In the breadth whereof is placed 6 ranke of panns : 4 pans in a 
ranke : Att either out-side the furnaces are placed in, the same 
manner as are my brother Boothes 13 : under the grate of which 
furnaces the ashes fall : and there is a lid or cover for both : and 
by the heate of these ashes : there beeing a, pan made in the floore 
betwixt every furnace which is made of brick : for which allsoe there 
is a cover : there is boiled, and made into lumps of hard and blacke 
salt which is made of the brian which drops from the new-made salt, 
which is placed over a cistern of leade : which cistern is under the 
floore of the storehouse : which is in the end of the building : These 
great lumps of hard black salt are sent to Colchester to make salt 
uppon salt : which are sold for a greater price then the rest : because 
without these att Colchester, they cannott make any salt. 

These 24 pans have only 12 furnaces, and 12 fires : and are erected 
in this manner : all being square, and of like proportion : They are 
placed by two and two togeather one against the other : The 6 pans 
in the highest ranke, the bottom equall with the top of the lower : 

The highest pans are thrice filled, and boiled till itt begin to draw 
towards salt : then a spiggott beeing pulled out, the brian thus pre- 
pared, runnes into the lower pans : which brings itt to a larger 
proportion of salt, then otherwise : gaines time and saves fire : 
because itt must bee longer boiled in the other pans, and would spend 
fire : which is saved by reason of the heate which derives from the 
furnace of the upper pan, which by a passage is conveyed under the 
lower pan : which passage is about half a yard broad in the bottom, 
and is, att the topp, of the breadth of the pan which rest uppon a 
brick wall which is of the thickness of one bricke att top : and this 
eoncavitie under the lower pans is shaped slopewise like unto a kilne : 
narrow in the bottom, and broade att the toppe : and this heate, 
which is conveyed under, and makes the lower pans to boile, comes 
togeather with the smoake, which hath noe other passage, under these 
pans through loope holes, or pigeon holes, which is conveyed into a 
chimneye : a double ranke whereof is placed in the middle of this 
building : betwixt which is a passage for a man to walke in : In the 
middle of every (sic) these chimneyes is there a broade iron plate, 
which is shaped to the chimney : which as itt stopper, and keepes in 
the heate : soe itt beeing pulled out abafes the heate : 

Itt is to bee observed that the 12 lower panns are onely to bee 
drawne twice in 24 houres : and by that time they are readie to bee 
drawne : the brian in the higher pans will bee sufficiently boiled, 

13 That is the Diarist's wife's brother. 



13 

and prepared to bee lett into the lower : which are onely to bee- 
draw en, and that twice in 24 houres : they yeeld every of them every 
draught two bowles, which is worth 2s. a. bowle; and sometimes. 
2s. id. : soe every pan yeelding every day 4 bowles 14 att two< draughts, 
which comes to Ss. Od. : all 12 pans are worth every day 4/. 16s. Od. 
Soe as all the 12 pans in a weeke make salt worth 281. a, weeke : 
which in the yeare amounts unto 1,400/., accounting 50 weekes to- 
the yeare : 

Two men and one woeman to gett out ashes, and one to pumpe 
their brian, manage and tend this whole worke : the mens wagis is 
lis. a weeke: besides hee that pumpes: This salt is made of salt- 
water which out of a brian pitt made which is supplyed att full sea,. 
is pumped and by pipes of leade conveyed into every pan : The wall 
of this house is <stone and the roofe of this, and all the rest of the 
houses wherein are brian-pans are boardes : Touching the proportion 
of fuell here spent, and some other particulars : Dobson (sic) letter 
is to bee perused and some further directions are to bee receaved 
from him : 

Here att the Shields are the vastest saltworkes I have seen, and 
by reason of the conveniencye of coale, and cheapness thereof : beeing- 
att 7s\ a chaldron 15 which is 3 waine loade. 

Here is such a cloud of smoake, as amongst these workes you 
cannott see to walke : there are (as I was informed) about 250 houses,, 
poore ones, and low built : butt all covered with boardes : Here in 
every house is erected one faire great iron pan : 5 yards long, 3 yards 
and half broade : The bottom of them made of thin plates nailed 
togeather, and strong square revetts uppon the naile heades about the 
breadth of the ball of your hand : These panns are 3 quarters of a 
yard deepe : Ten great barrs there are placed on the inner-side of 
the pan : 3 square 2 inches thioke : every of these great panns (as 
Dobson informed mee) cost about 100/. and cannott bee taken downe- 
to bee repaired with less than 10/. chardge. 

Every pan yeeldes foure draughts of salt in a weeke : and every 
draught is worth about 1/. 10s. ; Spent in ooale, 10 chaldron of coale 
att 7s. a chaldron : which amounts to 3/. 10s. Od. in coales : deduct 
out of 6/. there remaines 21. 10s. Od. : besides one mans wagis. 

Soe as in these 250 panns there is weekly spent in coles 775/. : 
every pan yeelding 6/. weekely : beeing 250 : tote-all of the worth- 
of the salt made in them amounts 1,500/. : gained 735/. : deduct of 
this 120/. workemens wagis for makeing itt 120: cleere gaine about 
600/. a yeare. 

14 In Northumberland salt, corn, coal, lime and some other things were 
sold by the measured boll. The /old boll' contained six bushels, the 'new 
boll ' two bushels. In 1856 the boll of coal was computed to contain 9,676'8- 
cubic inches, or 34-899 imperial gallons. See Heslop, Northumberland 
Words. 

15 The Newcastle chaldron of coal was originally 2,000 lbs. and is now 
computed at 53 cwt. In measure a chaldron contained about 7| bolls. A 
keel of coal is eight Newcastle chaldron?. See Heslop, Northumberland Words. 



19 

A weane loade of salt is here worth about SI. 10s. Od., and a chal- 
dron of coales which is worth 7s. is 3 weane loade : 

Here att New-castle is the fairest key in Engl : I have mett 
withall : from Tine-bridge all along towne-wall and allmost to the 
glass-workes where is made window glass : 

Divers havens of stone-wall erected : to cast out there ballast 
uppon : and they pay for every tun cast out : 6d. 

This is a spatious haven now naked of shipps : butt sometimes 
thronged : The fairest built inne in Engl : that I have seen, is Mr. 
Carres 16 in this towne : Wee lodged att the Swan att Mr. Swans 
the post-maisters 17 : and paid 8d. ordin : and noe great provision : 
Hee is a verye forward man to have a coy 18 here erected : 

This towne, unto this oountrye, serves in steade of London : by 
meanes whereof the countrye is supplyed with money : whereas other- 
wise : soe much money is carried out of the countrie to the lords : and 
land-lords : as there would bee neither sufficient money to pay the 
tenaunts rents : nor would the countrye bee supplyed with money. 

This towne is allsoe famous for the walls which compass round 
the towne, about which you may walke : and which is strengthened 
with strong towres placed uppon the wall noe great distance. 

Hence to Carlile was there erected the Picts Wall, which was the 
auntientest monument I have heard of in England : Itt was the 
worke of the Romanes: in some places itt is said to bee above 20 
yeardes broade towardes Carlile : the people goe to market* uppon itt : 
and itt may well bee owned by the Romanes : as beeing the bravest 
and best deserving worke of greatest industrie and chardge : and the 
strongest fortification that I have ever mett in England : reaching, 
as here itt was reported, from this towne to the cittie of Carlile, 
which is said to bee 60 miles : Itt was made against the incursions 
of the Picts : Many inscriptions uppon divers of these stones : which 
perpetuate the fame and memorie of the Romans : 

Junii 24. Wee left Newcastle, and came to Marpeth which is 12 
miles : and is the post towne : and by the way, about 7 miles from 
Newcastle, wee tooke notice of a convenient seate of a coy in Pointe 
Island which belongs unto Mr. Marke Arington 19 : Wee found att 

16 Leonard Carr's inn, the Nag's Head, facing the Sandhill, is figured 
in Welford, Newcastle and Gateshead, vol. in, p. 34. Carr. wlio was also a 
prosperous wine merchant, was an alderman and served as sheriff in 1635-6. 

17 George Swan was postmaster down to 1637 and probably later. 
Welford, Newcastle and Gateshead, vol. in, p. 347. 

18 Several passages indicate the Diarist to have been greatly interested 
in decoys. 

19 Mark Errington, mentioned in the text, sprang from the family of 
Errington of Woolsington and Denton, acquired property in Ponteland 
on his marriage with Margaret, daughter and sole heir of Jasper Mitford of 
Ponteland, and died in 1637. His great-grandson, also named Mark, 
married Anne, daughter of Gilbert Stapleton of Carlton in Yorkshire, and 
their son, or grandson, assumed the name of Stapleton in lieu of that of 
Errington. 



20 

Marpeth a fine little castle in good repaire : which belongs unto my 
Lord Will : Howard : a markett towne, butt poore houses : Wee dined 
att postmaisters, and paid I2d. ord : and §d. ord: Thence to 
Anewicke is 1 4 miles : where wee lodged att the post-maisters house 20 : 
6d. ord ; and good victualls and lodging : Here wee saw a mightye 
great castle belonging to the Earle of Northumberland : wherein 
were all houses of office : many of them now in decay : butt my Lord 
is repaireing the same by degrees : Great revenewes paid unto him 
out of this oountrie : att least 8 horse-loade of money : Hee hath 4 
castles in this co untie : viz. : This castle : Warpurth castle 1 : Tin- 
mouth castle: and [Prudho we castle.] 1 * 

Great lands hee hath in Yorkeshire : att and about Topliffe where 
hee sometimes lived : whence hee rose in the Rebellion in the North 2 : 
and uppon a moare neere Burrough-bridges, which belongs unto Mr. 
Mallorye of Studdley, there assembled the forces, and there mett him 
the Earle of Westmerland : 

Two horrible and most cruell detestable murthers have of late 
beene committed in Bishoppricke and Northumb : 

Mr. Lampton, 3 of Whittle neere Chester- Streete, which is 3 miles 
from Newcastle, an auntient gentlem : of 3 or 400Z. per annum is 
now prisoner in Durham gaole for poisoning two wives : His first wife 
was Mr. Heath of Kepeirs daughter : by whom hee had 5 sons and 
daughters. Bee sent one of hir maydes to' Newcastle to buy mer- 

20 Alexander Armorer was postmaster of Alnwick in 1637. See Tate, 
Alnwick, vol. n, p. 410. 

1 Warkworth Castle. 

la The square bracket and the words within it are added in a more 
modern hand. 

2 The history of the rising may be found in Memorials of the Rebellion 
of 1569, London, Nichols, 1840, published anonymously, but compiled with 
great care by Sir Cuthbert Sharp from original correspondence, etc., 
preserved at Streatlam Castle. 

3 The individual accused of the wife murder seems to have been Ralph 
Lambton, lessee or proprietor of Tribley in the parish of Chester-le-Street, 
eldest son of William Lambton — a scion of the ancient family of Lambton 
of Lambton — who was described as of Lambton Woodhouse in 1609, of 
Tribley in 1628 and again of Whitehill, of which latter place he was 
certainly not the owner. Ralph Lambton was baptised at Chester-le- 
Street 14 January, 1592-3, and therefore when the Diarist speaks of him 
as an ' ancient gentleman ' he probably means a gentleman of ancient 
family. According to the pedigree in Surtees, Durham, vol. n, p. 201, his 
first wife was Susan, daughter of John Groves, an alderman of York 
(married at Chester-le-Street, 16 June, 1618), by her he had issue five 
sons and two daughters. He subsequently married at Pittington, 19 
May, 1633, Elizabeth, widow of Ralph Simpson of Pittington Hall Garth; 
she was buried at Chester-le-Street 4 May, 1635. The date of Ralph 
Lambton's death has not been ascertained, but he was alive in 1657. The 
gaol at Durham to which he was confined in 1635 was the great gateway 
of the castle which stood across the road leading into the Bailey. It was 
taken down about 1820. 

It is probably that the Diarist was misinformed as to the name of 
Lambton's first wife, unless indeed he was married three times. 



21 

curie : arsenick : and stybium : which itt should seem by some meanes 
he procured his wife to receave (a day or two after shee was 
churched), who as she died suddenly and unexpectedly, soe was shee 
as suddenly and secrettly buried : Hee hath since given to this maide- 
servaunt and assured unto hir dureing hir life : a pension of 21. per 
annum : This trustie servaunt hee hath since made use of an engine 
to effect and accomplish the like designe : and as is now proved by 
the apothecarie in Newcastle of whom the poyson was bought (all 
whom my Lord Bish : commaunded before him by warrant) itt 
appeares by his testimonye uppon oathe : that this maide came divers 
times unto him in hir maisters name for mercurie, arsenick and 
stybium : which hee refused to furnish hir withall. Hereuppon Mr. 
Lampton himself came to the apothecarye, and expostulated with 
him : The apothecarie answered : Except hee sent a note under his 
hand, that hee might bee assured itt was for him : hee would send 
none : Hereuppon hee sent a note under his hand (which was pro- 
duced) and mercurie, arsenicke and stybium were by the same maide 
sent him the day before his wifes death : Who was a rich widow 
(Raph Simpson a grasier (sic) wife) who brought him 3,0001. and 300 
or 400/ . untill hir son came to age: this 3,000£. was left unto the 
younger children : which hir eldest son comeing to age : and sueing 
Mr. Lampton : Hereuppon some dislikes were conceaved, by him 
against his wife : who nott beeing well, and haveing taken physick : 
and sending for a capt : who was left in trust by hir former husband : 
and sending for ale for him : whereof one bowle full was left un- 
drunke, when shee went to bring him downe staire : in the meane 
time, hir husband staies in the chamber and putts this poyson into 
the cuppe and invites hir drink itt att hir returne : which (after shee 
had putt sugar into) shee druncke : and presently fell into great 
extremitie : accused hir husband to have poysoned hir : sent for the 
capt : who immediately returneing found hir att point of death whose 
last words were : that shee tooke itt uppon hir death, hir husband 
had poysoned, and withall shee related the manner, and soe died, 
desiring that hir children and this capt : would see hir death re- 
venged : After hir death, hir bo dye was viewed by the phisitians, 
and all of them unanimously afnrme, that shee was certainely poy- 
soned. Hee is committed to Durham gaole, but pieades himself 
innocente. 

Junii 25. Wee lodged att the post-masters att Anewick last 
night : where wee were well used : 6d. ordin : supper and id. breaker 
fast : good lodging and meate : 

Hence to Bellford 4 which is next post-towne : 1 2 miles : Here 
looseing our way, wee wandred : thence to Fennam 5 4 or 5 miles : 
whence over the sands to the Holly Island is two miles : In this island 
there was formerly a faire abbey dedicated to St. Cuttbert, to the 
abbott whereof belonged great revenewes : In this Holly Island in- 
habited (sic) (as they here report) St. Cuttbert inhabited in winter, 

4 Belford. 5 Fenham in Islandshire. 



22 

and in the summer season in the Islands of Fern© : which you may 
hence discern : which are reported to breed abundance of fowle : this 
whole isle which is 7 miles about: though now itt is nott worth more 
than 100/. a yeare besides the warren, which is 40Z. per annum : all 
belongs to my Lord Suffolke 6 : This church and abbey ruinated : only 
the. walls, and pillars of it remaine : and they are very faire pillars, 
and resemble Durham : There is another little church now used and 
in repaire, which stands neere to the abbey-church : whereunto resort 
the inhabitants of Fennam, a village placed on the other side the 
island : Here, touching the sea intermitting hir course of flowing 
on the Sabbaoth day twixt 9 and 12, and soe in the after-noon e : I have 
heard much and often : and applyed myself to enquire the certaintie 
hereof : I spoake with Capt : Rugg 7 : capt : of the fort, and with 
Mr. Joanes 8 an inhabitant here, an intelligent gentl : an Oxford : as 

6 George Hume, Earl of Dunbar, in 1604 purchased the royalties of 
Norhamshire and Islandshire from Sir Robert Carey (Raine, North Durham, 
pp. 32, 157). He died in 1611 leaving two daughters and co-heiresses, Anne, 
wife of Sir James Hume of Cowden-knowes, and Elizabeth, wife of 
Theophilus, second Earl of Suffolk. 

7 The Rev. James Raine, in his History of North Durham, p. 164, prints 
a jocular letter in verse purporting to be written by Robert Rugg, dated 
May, 1643. The lines begin : 

' The greate Commander of the Gormorants, 
' The Geese and Ganders of these Hallowed Lands, 
' Where Lindisferne and Holy Hand stands, 
' These worthless lines sends to yo r worthie hands ' ; 
He married Katherine, daughter of Henry Jones, and succeeded his father- 
in-law, as Deputy Captain of the Island. He died at Berwick 6 September, 
1647, the day after making a nuncupative will, whereby he gave the sum of 
£100, given to him by Parliament but then in arrear, to his grandchild 
Philadelphia Shaffield, the interest of which was to be paid to his wife 
Katherine. 

Robert Rugg's daughter Jane, wife of Thomas Sheiffield, died in her 
father's lifetime and was buried at Holy Island 14 March, 1640-1. 

Katherine (widow of Robert) Rugg married, 20 June, 1648, George 
Allison, and was buried at Holy Island 14 April, 1667. 

For other notices of Captain Rugg see Six North Country Diaries, p. 18. 

8 ' Mr. Joanes ' may be identified with Peter Jones of Holy Island, son 

of Henry Jones, who served as Deputy Captain under Sir William Reed and 

Sir James Ouchterlong (knighted in 1603), successively governors of Holy 

Island. 

Henry Jones served as churchwarden in 1608, 1609 and 1616, and died 
14 September, 1629. 

1629, Aug. 13. — Will of Henry Jones of Holy Island, esq., deputy 
captain of Norham and Island shires. To be buried in Holy Island 
church. I give all my lands, houess, etc., in Holy Island to my son, 
Peter Jones, and his heirs : remainder to my grandchild, Jane Rugg, 
daughter of Robert Rugg, and her heirs : remainder to my right heirs. 
My wife, Elizabeth, before my marriage with me and before the 
marriage of my son Peter with Jane, one of the daughters of the said 
Elizabeth, gave my said son £20 per annum out of Murton, co. Palatine. 
I have caused my said son to give up the said annuity. Sir James 
Awtherlong is in arrear to me £54 15s. for a year and a half's pay 
at 2s. per diem and also £18 5s. which I have laid out in repairing the 



23 

allsoe I did enquire of our hoast : and our guide, and divers other 
inhabitants of the isle : who all una voce concurred (noe man dissent- 
ing) in the assertion : that there was nothing super-naturall therein 
to be observed : for ail-though they acknowledged itt to bee most 
true that itt is allwaies passable over those sands att 9 a clocke soe 
as those that live and reside uppon the maine land may every Lord's 
-day come over those sands to church about that houre : This is, by 
those that are Popishly affected, superstitiously applyed, and im- 
puted to the meritt and effect of St. C'uttbersi preiers : whereas 
indeed there is nothing extraordinarie therein : They give this 
naturall reason : itt allwaies soe falls out that att the change and 
full of the moone : the floode is att the height att or about 3 a clocke : 
, -and then per consequence, itt is low water, and the sands are drie 
att or about 9 : clocke : soe as then itt is most easie to pass : when 
itt is full sea att 3 clocke : itt must needes bee low water att 9 clocke : 
And when itt is noe springe tyde you may ride over the sands (if you 
l>ee well acquainted with them, as those are that inhabitt nere, and 
resort to church there) att full water, and this is nott onely ordinarie 
uppon the Lord's day, butt uppon all other dayes of the weeke : thus 
did our guide afiirme : that itt had been ordinarie in his practise : 
if therefore itt should soe fall out as to bee full water uppon the Lord's 
-day att or about 9 clocke : (which cannott often happen) yett may itt 
then bee passed because itt is low, and ebbe floodes, as well, and noe 
otherwise then uppon other dayes of the weeke : In this island, in a 
daintie little fort, there lives Capt : Rugg, Governor of this fort : 
who is as famous for his generous and free entertainment of strangers, 
as for his great bottle nose, which is the largest I have seen : This 
is a daintie little fort built towre-wise uppon the toppe of a little 
round hill, which is a rocke : This planted with ordinance : Below on 
verye top of the hill : a neate flagged, and walled court before the 
•doore : where are 2 brass ordinaunce : the one brought from Cales : 
and 3 iron ordinaunce : one of them came allsoe thence : 

There are neate, warme and convenient roomes in this little fort: 
liere in this island was brought unto us a young seale : or (as some 

Forth of Holy Island. I give the said sum to my son Peter. He 

sole executor. My friend Roger Witherington, esq., supervisor. Proved 

at Durham 1630. Raine, Test. Dunelm. 

The testators first wife, Ann Jones, died 19 February, 1625, and an 
inscription in Latin was set up to her memory in Holy Island church by 
her son Peter. The testator married, secondly, the mother of his son's 
wife, Elizabeth, widow of George Morton of Berwick, who possessed some 
property at Murton, near Tweedmouth. She survived her second husband 
less than two months and was buried 3 November, 1629. 

Peter Jones, son and heir of Henry Jones, was educated at Queen's 
•College, Oxford, where he matriculated 10 March, 1619-20, aged 17; B.A., 
1623. He was churchwarden for Holy Island in 1628, 1634, 1635 and 1636; 
and as appears, by his father's will, married Jane, daughter of George and 
Elizabeth Morton of Berwick and of Murton. He probably left the Island 
after the Diarist's visit, for the Register contains no entries of the burial 
of him or his wife. 



24 

call itt) a sea-calfe : which was this morneing left by the* tide, uppor* 
the sands drie : they nourish itt with milke : itt hath an heade and 
eyes like a calfe : and hath two fins before, like feete, and two behind,, 
which itt cannott draw uppe like fins : whereby allsoe itt is enabled 
to moove in a creeping manner : and that slowly yett constantly, and 
restless : itt hath a navill : and cries : 

Hence to Barwicke 7 miles : whereof 3 miles is uppon the sand : 

Barwick [1635] Junii 25. Wee arrived about 5 clocke att Bar- 
wicke : where wee passed a verye faire, stately bridge 9 over Tweede 
consisting of 15 arches which was built by King James : and as itt is= 
said: cost 17,000/. This river most infinitely stored with salmon,, 
100 or 200 salmons att one draught : butt much more was reported 
by our host : which is most incredible : that there were 2,000 salmons 
taken since Sunday last : This towne seated uppon the maine sea, the 
Northern Ocean, and seemes to bee allmost environed with the sea : 

The haven is a most narrow, shallow, barred haven : the worst 
that I have seen : itt might bee made good, a brave and secure haven,, 
whereas now onely one little pinke 10 of about 40 tun belongs unto itt, 
and some few fishing boates : 

There beeing therefore noe trade in this towne, itt is a verye poore 
towne, many indigent persons, and beggars herein : Here were the 
strongest fortifications I have mett with in England : double walled : 
and outt-workes of earth : and the outter walls like unto Chester 
walls : and without the inner walls a deepe and broade moate well 
watered : The inner walls of invincible strength : stone wall within, 
and without lined with earth about 20 yards thick : with bullwarkes 
conveniently placed to guard one another : like unto the Buss 10a : 
Bergen : or Antwerpe or Gravelin : these were begun by Queen 
Marye : finished by Queen Eliz 11 : butt something in decay : These 
walls environ the towne : 



9 Berwick bridge built with money granted by the Crown was com- 
pleted in 1624. A rent charge of <£i.00 per annum payable out of the 
Customs was, and is still, provided for its maintenance. 

10 Pink, a type of collier vessel, the stern of which was ' cat built/ 
falling off to a point almost as sharp as the narrowing at the bow, and on 
the top of this stern a square erection forming a high poop was built- 
Heslop, Northumberland Words. 

10a Mr. Hume Brown suggests that Bois-le-Due is the place referred to.. 

11 The Elizabethan fortifications of Berwick are said to have been 
designed, or at the least carried out, by ' William Spicer of Knapton in 
the County of Warwick, esq., Surveyor of Her Majesty's Town and 
Fortifications of Berwick/ He (or his son of the same name) hzd a grant 
of arms, 4 November, 1591, sable, a jess embattled or, between three lions 
rampant or: Crest, a monument or tomb argent. His descendant, the late 
Dr. Ware, Bishop of Barrow in Furness, who communicated these details in 
a letter to the Editor dated 17 Sept., 1905, also informed him it was believed 
the reason for the very extraordinary crest was to commemorate the deathi 
at the stake of an ancestor in the Marian persecution. 



25 

A stately sumptuous, and well-seated house, or castle, 12 was here 
begun by the last Earle of Dunbar, where the old castle stoode, butt 
his death putt an end to that worke : Here was a most stately platt- 
forme propounded and begun: a faire long gallerye joyced, nott 
boarded : wherein is the largest mantletree I have seen neere 5 yards 
long of one peice : This leaded over, which gives the daintiest pros- 
pect to the sea, to the towne, to the land, and the river : This, with 
much lands hereabout, was bestowed uppon him by King James ; who 
left all his lands to his daughter and heire who married the .now 
Earle of Suffolke : This towne is seated on the north-side of Twede, 
and is placed uppon the slopeing of a steepe hill : They speake 
of 3G0 salmons taken att one draught, and ordinariely about 80 : and 
100 or 120 att one draught. 

We lodged att the Crowne : were well used : 8^. ordinarie : and 
hd. our servaunts, and great entertainment, and good lodging. A 
respective (sic) hoast, and honest reckoning. 

26 Junii. Uppon Friday wee departed from Barwicke, which 
though itt bee seated in Scottland : yett itt is Engl : and is annexed 
to the Crowne of England by Act of Parliament : and send 2 bur- 
gesses to the Parliament House : and here the countrie is nott 
reputed Scottish untill you come to a towne, 4 miles distant from 
Barwick, called Aten : which belongs to the Lord Aten, 13 who hath 
there a prettie castle placed on the side of an hill : Hence you pass 
(after you leave a few corne fields neere the towne) over the largest 
and vastest moares, 14 that I have ever seen : which are now drie : and 
whereuppon (in most parts) is neither sheepe, beast, nor horse : Here 
is mighty want of fire in these moares : neither coale nor wood, nor 
furse ; onely the (sic) cutt and flea top-turves with linge uppon them : 
These moares you travell uppon about 8 miles : and then come to a 
village called Apithomas 15 : and nott farr hence you leave the castle 
and towne of Dunglass 16 on left hand : which is pleasantly seated, 
and seemeth to bee in good repaire : and nott farr hence is there an 

12 Berwick castle was granted by James I. to George Hume, Earl of 
Dunbar; a schedule of the muniments of title of the same from 1641 to 
1805 may be found in the History of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club, 
vol. xix, pp. 350-354. 

13 The Diarist allowed himself to be misled in ascribing the ownership 
of Ayton to ' Lord Aten/ The castle and estate of Ayton belonged to a 
branch of the Homes of Douglas — it is stated from the fifteenth century — 
down to 1716. The proprietor of the time would naturally be styled the 
Laird of Ayton. 

11 Coldingham moor is still bleak and largely unenclosed. 

15 Probably either Old Cambus or Cockburnspath. 

16 Dunglas was the seat of the Scottish branch of the Border family of 
Papedy whose arms were azure three papingoes vert (Nisbet). The heiress- 
of the family carried the property to Sir Thomas Home of Home. 
Douglas was sold circa 1644 by the Earl of Home to Sir John Euthven. 
See History of the Berwickshire Nat. Club, vol. vm, pp. 410, 430-490. 



26 

Jiigh-built house or castle called Anderwicke 17 belonging to Mr. Max- 
well of the Bedchamber. 

Enquireing the way before, how far to Dunbarr : itt was answered 
itt was 3 miles : I demaunded whether soe farr : he said : ' Yes itt 
was about a mile from Dunbar ' : wee observed this husbandrye : — 
the grass, weedes, and wreck 18 brought by the sea, and with the tide, 
and left uppon the sandes, was carried and laid thicke uppon the 
ground: this used for corner Here is my Lord Rocksburne house, 19 
or castle, seated with (sic) 6 score i(sic) of the maine sea : where 
groweth and prospereth many kinds of wood : the highest thornes 
that I ever saw : this I admired : because I have observed all the 
sea-ooastes whereby wee passed allmost an 100 miles : and could nott 
find any manner of wood prospering neere the sea-coast : Here in the 
village wee observed the sluttish weomen washing their cloathes in a 
great tupp with their feete : their coates, smocks, and all, tucked 
uppe to their breech : 

Wee came from Barwicke about 7 a clocke and came to Dunbarr 
about 12 which is 20 Engl : miles : Itt is nott improperly called 
Dunbarr : because itt is soe environed with shelfes : barrs : and sands : 
as there is noe manner of haven, though the maine sea beate uppon 
the towne, which indeed is nott seated uppon any river : which might 
furnish itt with a haven, or a navigable channell : onely here is an 
haven made of great stones piled uppe : whereinto att a. spring-tyde 
a shippe of 100 tun may enter : butt nott without much hazard : 

Six miles hence in the sea (though itt bee a farr shorter cutt by 
land), is the Island of Bass which is here verye conspicuous : a mightye 
high rock placed in the sea., whereinto there is onely one passage, 
and that for a single person : This is now fortified, and inhabited by 
the Lord of the Bass : itt is about one Engl : mile about : Herein are 
kept sheepe, and some kine, and connies : abundance of fowle breed 
here : solem geese : storts : scoutes 20 : and 20 severall sorts of 
fowle : which make such a noise, as that you may heare them, and 
nothing else, a mile before you come to them : These solem-geese (as 
itt is reported of them) when their eggs are suffitiently sitten, they 
stamp© uppon them with! their feete, and breake them : they breed 
in the sides of the rockes, and there is fowle (said to bee) sold here 
taken in this island worth 2001. per annum. Here is excellent fresh 
water in this isle, a daintie pure springe, which is to bee the more 

17 There is a plate of Innerwick Castle in Grose reproduced in the 
History of the Berwickshire Nat. Club, vol. xv, p. 180. It is stated to have 
been an old seat of the Stewarts and after them of the Hamiltons. 

18 Wrack, formerly sea-ware or sea-weed, largely and still to some extent 
used for manure in seaboard parishes. 

19 Broxmouth, near Dunbar, which still belongs to the Duke of 
Hoxburgh. 

20 The stort is identified by Mr. Hume Brown in his Early Travellers 
in Scotland with the scart or cormorant ; and the ' scout ' with the 
guillemot. 



27 

admired : The Isle of May is nott hence above 3 leauges and itt is 
easie to bee discerned: wherein allsoe abundaunce of fowle breed: 
From Dunbarr to Edenburgh wee came this day in the after-noone; 
itt is called butt 20 miles : butt itt is 25 or 26 miles att least : and, 
by the way, we observed verye many stately seates of the nobles : One 
we passed neere unto, which is the Earle of Whitens 1 : a daintie seate 
placed uppon the sea : Here allsoe is apple-trees, walnutt-trees : sica- 
moare, and other fruite trees, and other kinds of wood which prosper 
well : though itt bee very neere unto and within the aire of the sea : 
In this house the king lodged 3 nights : and in this earles chamber 
att Eden bo rough, in Mr. Will : Callis his house in the High Streete 
neere the Cross, I lodged, and paid Is. §d. per noctem for my 
lodging : 

About 6 or 7 miles from this cittie I saw, and tooke notice of 
divers salt-workes, in poore houses, erected uppon the sea-coast 2 : I 
went into one of them : and observed iron panns 18 foote long and 
9 foote broade: these larger panns and houses then those att the 
Sheildes : An infinite innumerable number of salt-workes here are 
erected uppon this shoare : all make salt of sea-water : About i miles 
hence stands Mussleborrow : touching which they have this proverbe : 
* Mussleborrow was a borrow when Edenborough was none, and shall 
bee a burrough when Edenborough shall bee none ; : 

Edenborough. About 9 : clocke : att night wee came into Eden- 
borough, where by reason of the footboyes negligences : wee were 
putt uppon great straights : and had our lodging to seeke att 10 : 
clocke : and in conclusion were constrained to accept of meane and 
nasty lodging : for which wee paid Is. 8d. : and the next morneing 
Saturcl : 27 : Junii wee went to the Tbwle-boothe : where are the 
Courtes of Justice : which are six. 

1. The Court wherein meete the Lords of the Privie Counsell, 
whereof are most of the eminent nobles of the land : 

2. That court, wherein there are 15 judges sitt attyred in purple 
gownes turned uppe with veivett of the same colour: hereof the 
President is Sir Robert . . . . 3 . As itt is here reported, if any of 
those 15 bee absent hence any day : they incurr the forfeiture of and 
pay 1/. a day for absence : The Archbishoppe of St. Andrewes, Lord 
Chauncellour of Scotland, 4 is the prime man in this kingdome. 

3. There is another inferiour court neere adjoyneing hereunto, 
wherein eitta weekely, and successively every of these 15 judges alone : 

1 Probably Seaton house, the seat of the Setons, Baron Seton and Earl 
of Winton. 

2 Preston-pans in Haddingtonshire. 

3 No surname is given in the MS. Sir Robert Spottiswood of New-abbey 
was made Lord President of the Court of Session in 1633. 

4 Dr. John Spottiswood, archbishop of Glasgow, translated to St. 
Andrew's in 1615, Lord Chancellor of Scotland 1635, took refuge in 
Newcastle, and was dispossessed of his see with other Scottish bishops in 
1638, and died in London 26 November, 1639, aged 73. 



28 

this court takes onely cognizance of inferiour causes, and of less 
importaunee : and as itt is (sic) seames unto mee is erected in favour 
and ease of the rest 15 judges : and if any intricate cause, or of greater 
consequence, occurr : the present judg then propounds unto and con- 
sults with the: rest of the 15 judges: In this court I observed the 
greatest rudeness, disorder, and confusion that ever I saw in any 
court of justice: noe nott the like disorder in any of our sessions. 
For here 2 or 3 pleade and speake togeather and that with such a 
forced strained voice, a® the strongest voice onely carries itt : yea, 
sometimes they speake about 2 or 3 severall causes, att one and the 
same time : which makes an extra-ordinarie disorder, and confusion : 
soe as noe man breathing can heare distinctly, or understand any 
thing soe promiscuously spoken. 

4. There is an Exchequer, or court of the kings revenew, 

5. There is a court below under the befo renamed courts, wherein 
sitt the judges touching crimineall matters and misdemeanours. 

6. The consistorie which takes onely cognizance of ecclesiastical! 
affaires. 

In this kingdome the clergie of late extend their authoritie, and 
revenewes : Arch-Bishopricke of St. Andrewes is Lord Chancellour 
of Scottland and Kegent here : 

And as I was informed by some intelligent gentlem : itt is here 
thought and conceaved that they will recover soe much of that land, 
and revenewes belonging formerly to the abbeyes, as that they will 
in a short time possess themselves of the third part of the kingdome : 
The Duke of Lennox and Marquess Hamilton are possessed of the 
largest proportion of church-land 5 : Itt is expected that they should 
resigne, and deliver uppe, their interests, and rights" therein to the 
church : Whose example itt is thought will induce the rest of the 
nobilitie to doe the like : And to the end that they may carrie some 
sway in Parliament, itt is now endeavoured (as some here informed 
me, Mr. Calderwood, 6 and Dr. Sharpe) : to restore abbotts, and to 
invest them in the revenewes, and scales (sic) of abbeyes : hereof they 
say there are 48 which are intended to bee established, who are all to 
sitt, and carrie voices in Parliament : Which if itt can bee effected 
then there will bee allwayes in the Parliament House soe stronge a 
partye for the kinge : considering those officers that have an immedi- 
ate dependaunce uppon him : and the bishopps, and abbotts : as that 
they will be able to sway the whole House : 

Divers of the clergye incline this way, and many allsoe are mightye 
opposite and averse hereunto. 

This Saturd : after dinner I tooke a view of the Castle here, 
which is seated verve high, and suffitiently commaunding, and beeing 

5 For the most recent account of the disputes about the tithes and 
other ecclesiastical property at this period, see Lang, History of Scotland, 
vol. in, pp. 10-14. 

6 David Calderwood, the historian. 



29 

able to batter the towne : this is allsoe seated uppon the toppe of a 
most hard rock, and the passage whereunto was (as they there 
report), made thorow that hard and impregnable rocke, which cannott 
bee toucht or hewed : and itt is indeed a stately passage : wherein was 
used more industrie, paines, art and endeavour then in any place I 
have found amongst the Scotts : Itt is butt a. verye little castle of noe 
great receipt, butt mightye strength : Itt is called Castrum Puellarum : 
because the kings of the Picts kept there virgins therein : Uppon the 
wall of the castle towards the toppe is this inscription, part thereof 
guilt : A crowne, and scepter, and dagger placed under itt cross-wise 
with this supterscription : Nobis hcec invicta miserunt 106 7 Proavi: 
The same amies and inscription is placed uppon the front of the 
abbey which is the kings house : Outt of the court of this high seated 
castle : there was one that watched, (a souldier in his turne), in a 
little woodden house, or cabin, which by a whirle-wind was taken, and 
throwen downe both togeather over the castle-wall, and to the bottom 
of this high and steepe rocke, and the man nott hurt, nor bruised, 
save onely his finger putt out of joint : Hence you may take a full 
view of the scituation of the whole cittie : which is built uppon an 
hill nothing over-steepe, butt suffitiently sloapeing and ascending to 
give a grace-full ascent to the great streete 8 : which I doe take to bee 
an Engl : mile long : and is the best paved streete with bowther 
stones 9 (which are verye great ones) that I have seen : the channells 
are verye conveniently contrived on both sides the streete : soe as 
there is none in the middle, butt itt is the broadest, largest, and fairest 
pavement, and that entire : to goe, ride, or draw uppon : Here they 
usually walke in the middle of the street : which is a faire, spatious 
and capacious walke: This streete is the glorye and beautie of this 
cittie : Itt is the broadest streete (except in the Low-Countries, where 
there is a navigable channell in middle of the streete) and the longest 
streete I have seen : which begins att the Pallace, the gate whereof 
enters straight into the suburbs, and is placed att the lower end of 
the same : The suburbs make an hansome streete : and indeed the 
streete, if the houses, which are verye high, and substantially built 
of stone (some 5, some 6 storyes high) were nott lined to the outside, 
and faced with boardes : itt were the most stately and gracefull strete 
that ever I saw in my life : Butt this face of boardes, 10 which is 
towardes the streete, doth much blemish itt, and derogate from 
glorye, and beautie : as allsoe the want of faire glass-windowes whereof 
few or none are to bee discerned towardes the streete : which is the 

7 This looks exactly like the figures 106. According to the legendary 
chronology of Scottish Kings, James V. (1514-1542) was the one hundred 
and sixth. Ex. inf. Dr. George Neilson. 

8 The High Street of Edinburgh from the Castle to Canongate and 
Holyrood. 

9 Boulder stones. 

10 Query : the luckenbooths of Edinburgh, traces of which can still be 
found in ancient houses in the High Street. 



30 

more compleate : because itt (sic) as straight as may bee : This lineing 
with boardes (wherein are round holes shaped to the proportion of 
mens heades), and this incroachment into the streete about 2 yards is 
a, mightye disgrace unto itt : for the walls (which were the outside) 
are stone : soe, as if this outtside faceing of boardes were remooved 
and the houses built uniforme all of the same height, itt were the most 
compleate streete in Christendome. 

This cittie is placed in a daintie health-full pure aire : and doubt- 
less were a most health-full place to live in : were nott the inhabitants 
most sluttish, nastye and sloath-full people : I could never pass thorow 
the hall, but I was constrained to hold my nose: Their chambers, 
vessell, linnen, and meate, nothing neate, butt verye sluvenly : Onely 
the nobler, and better sort of them bra,ve well-bred men, and 
much reformed : This streete which may indeed deserve to denominate 
the whole cittie, is allwaies full thronged with people, itt beeing the 
markett place : and the onely place where the gentlemen, and mer- 
chants meete and walke, wherein they may walke drie under-foote, 
though there hath been abundaunce of raine : Some few coaches are 
here to bee found for some of the great lords, and ladies, and bishopps : 

Touching the fashion of the citizens : — The weomen here weare 
and use uppon festiveall dayes 6 or 7 severall habitts, and fashions : 
some for distinction of widowes, wives and maides : others apparelled 
according to their owne humour and phantasie : Many weare (espeti- 
ally of the meaner sort) plaides : which is a garment of the same 
wollen stuffe, whereof our saddle-cloathes in Engl : are made : which 
is cast over their heades, and covers their faces on both sides, and 
would reach allmost to the ground : butt that they plucke them uppe, 
and weare them cast under their armes : Some auntient weomen, and 
citizens weare sattin straite-bodied gownes : short little cloakes : with 
great capes : and a broad boungrace 11 comeing over their browes, 
and goeing out with a corner behind their heades : and this boungrace 
is, as itt were, lined with a white, stracht (sic) cambrick suite-able 
unto itt : Young maides nott married all are bare-headed : some with 
broad thin shagg ruffes, which lye flatt to their shoulders : and others 
with half bands with wide necks either much stiffened, or sett in wyre : 
which comes onely behind : and these shag ruffes some are more 
broade and thicke then others. 

This cittie of Edenborough is governed by a Lord Provast (which 
is equivalent to a Lord Maieor) and 2 or 3 bayliffes : who xequute 
the office of sheriffes : who as they assume noe extraordinarye state, 
onely some few officers attending them, soe they doe nott maintaine 
any great houses, and hospitalities : and when any occasion of greater 
consequence, and importaunce occurres : they then call unto them, 
and consult with, as assistaunts, some of those that have been 
formerly Lord Provasts : 

11 Bongrace, a shade or curtain formerly worn on the front of a woman's 
bonnet to protect the complexion from the sun, New English Dictionary. 
The Editor has seen it worn in North Northumberland, but there it was and 
perhaps is still, called an ' ugly/ 



31 

The people here are sloath-full (««?) that they fetch nott fresh 
water every day : butt onely every other day : which makes their 
water much worse (espetially to drinke) which, when itt is ait best, is. 
bad enough : Their houses of office are tubhs, or firkins, placed uppon 
the end : which they never emptie, until! they bee full, soe as the sent 
thereof a-nnoyeth, and offendeth the whole house: 

I was this day with an intelligent understaunding man, who told 
mee there were above 60 back-lanes, or streetes, which were placed in 
the side of this streete, and went out of itt : narrow and inconvenient 
straight lanes, some wider, some narrower, some built on both sides, 
others onely on one side : And enquireing what number of persons- 
might bee in this cittie, I found that itt was generally computed : 
that there were noe more than 60,000 persons : because there are 
onely 4 pareish churches 12 in this cittie : and itt is observed : that 
there are noe more then about 4,000 communicants in every pareish : 

Here is a daintie Hospitall 13 erecting, nott yett finished : 

I tooke notice here of that common brew-house, which supplyeth 
the whole cittie with beere, and ale : and observed there the greatest, 
vastest, leades boile in keeres, 14 cisterns, and combes, 15 that ever I 
saw : the leades to coole the liquor in were as large as the whole 
house, which was as long as my court : 

Junii 29. Wee went this morneing to behold and take a view of 
Leith : where is the haven belonging to this cittie : which is a prettie 
little haven, neither furnished with neere so many shipps as itt is 
capable of : nor indeed is itt a large haven capeable of many shipps : 
There are two neate woodden peeres here erected which run uppe into 
the river, butt not one ship saw I betwixt them : There are two 
churches in this towne, which belongs unto, and is subordinate to the^ 
cittie of Edenborough : 

This towne of Leith is built all of stone, butt itt seemeth to bee 
butt a poore place, though seated uppon a daintie haven : The countrey 
twixt this and Edenborough and all hereabout this cittie is corne, (sic) 
scituate betwixt the hills and the sea : 

Uppon the toppe of the Toole-bowthe stands the head of Gawrie : 
Here are pies (whereof I have had some this day to dinner) which are 
sold 12 for a pennie Engl : 

Here uppon the Tole-boothe stands the head of Earle Gawrie 16 : 

Many High-landers wee observed in this towne: in their plades T 

12 The four parishes of Edinburgh at this period were St. Giles, High 
Church, Trinity College Church, and Grey Friars. 

13 Heriot's Hospital, begun in 1628, for the maintenance and education 
of a certain number of sons of burgesses. 

14 Query keeve, a large tub or vessel used in brewing. 

13 Comb, a four bushels measure. 

16 Evidently the head of John Ruthven, third Earl of Gowrie, killed 
at Perth 5 August, 1600, in the mysterious Gowrie Conspiracy against the 
person of James VI. of Scotland. His body was arraigned in Edinburgh 
and convicted of treason, his honours and estates being forfeited. 



many without dubletts, and those who have dubletts have a kind of 
loose nappe garment hanging loose about their breech, their knees 
bare, they inure themselves to cold, hardshippe, and will nott diswont 
themselves : proper, personable, well complectioned men, and of (sic) 
able men : the verye gentlemen in their blue capps, and plaides : 

The sluttishness and nastiness of this people is such, that I cannott 
ommitt the particularizeing thereof, though I have more then suffi- 
tiently often toucht uppon the same : Their houses, and halls, and 
kitchens have such a noysome tast and savour, and that soe strong, 
as itt doth offend you, soe soone as you come within, their walls, yea, 
sometimes when I have light from my horse, I have felt the distast of 
itt, before I have come into the house* : yea, I never came to my owne 
lodgeing in Edinborough, or went out, butt I was constrained to hold 
my nose, or to use worme-wood, or some such sented plant : Their 
pewter, I am confident, is never scowred : they are afraid itt should 
toe much weare and consume thereby : onely sometimes, and that butt 
seldome, they doe sleightly rubb them over with a filthy dish-clowte 
dipped in most sluttish greasie water : Their pewter potts wherein 
they bring wine and water are furred within that itt would loath you 
to touch any thinge which comes out of them : Their linnen as itt (sic) 
skittishly and sloath-fully washed by weomens feete who after their 
linnen is putt into a great broad lowe tubbe of water, then (their 
cloathes being tucked uppe above their knees), they steppe into the 
tubbe, and tread itt, and trample itt with their feete, (never voutch- 
safeing a hand to nett, 17 or wash itt withall), untill itt bee sufficiently 
cleansed in their apprehensions : and then itt lookes as nastiely as 
ours doth when itt is putt unto and designed to the washing : as 
allsoe itt doth soe strongly tast and smell of lant, 18 and other noy- 
some savours, as that when I came to bed, I was constrained to hold 
my nose and mouth togeather : To come into their kitchen, and to 
see them dress their meate, and to behold the sinke (which is more 
offensive than any jakes 19 ), will bee a sufficient supper, and will take 
of the edge of your stcmack. 

Junii 28. Lords day. Touching the government, and orders of 
the church here established : Itt is governed by pastors : elders : and 
decons : There are about 12 elders : 18 (sic) deacons : and 2 pastors in 
every pareish (as Mr. Wallis, a juditious merchaunt, informed mee) : 
These deacons, their imployment, and office is to provide for the 
poore : the elders take notice, and cogniseaunce of all misdemeanours, 
and offences, committed in their pareish : unto every of which elders 
there is proportioned, and allotted, a part of the pareish, which is 
under their care and chardge : who take notice of all fornifications, 
adulteries, thefts, drunkards, swearers, blasphemers, slanderers, ex- 

17 Nett, to wash or rinse out in clean water. Wright, English Dialect 
Dictionary . 

18 Lant, stale urine. Wright, English Dialect Dictionary. 

19 Jakes, a house of office. 



33 

tortioners, and all other scandalous offences committed in their 
pareishes : these (by virtue of their offices, and strict vowes and 
protestations) are to present all these offenders unto the minister, and 
■church-officers, who proceed to ecclesiasticall censure : Itt is the 
dutie of these to provide bread and wine, for the parishioners, att the 
•communion, and this uppon the pareish chardge : these allsoe are 
assistaunts to the pastors in the administration of the sacrament : All 
these officers are yeerly changed, and chosen by the parishioners, and 
Are proclaimed in the church to bee designed for those places a yeere 
before they are invested in those places : that soe if amy just exception 
oan bee made against them, they may bee putt by that office, and 
others elected : 

Once ©very week© the pastors, and elders, and sometimes the 
-deacons, assemble and meete togeather to consult uppon, and con- 
sider of the affaires of the pareish : They are most strict in their 
•censures against fornicatours and adulterers : those that committ 
fornication under colour of intended mariage, and after promise of 
mariage, are injoyned to sitt uppon the stoole of repentaunce one day : 
This stoole is a publique and eminent seat© erected towardes the 
lower end of the church about 2 yards from the ground, either about 
some pillar, or in some such conspicuous place, where the whole con- 
gregation may take notice of them. : this seat© is capable of about 6 
or 8 persons : Here this day 28 Junii I was att sermon in the Gray 
Priors, where there stood© 3 weomen uppon the stoole of repentuance : 
who are admitted to sitt dureing the sermon : 

Those other fornicatours are injoyned 3 day penaunce in this 
•stoole : adulterers are censured to stand every Lords day uppon this 
stoole dureing 12 moneths in a sheete of heare : and this injoyned 
them in divers churches : This day after sermon the preacher ad- 
monished some who had persevered in a course of impcenitence and 
uncleanness, and had often been admonished, and injoyned to give 
testimony© of their repentaunce and to make satisfaction to the 
•congregation : this hath been delayed, and is nott performed : hee said : 
he© wondred that people were nott ashamed to sin against God and 
•against their brethren, and against their owne soules : and yett they 
were ashamed to make satisfaction unto th© church which had con- 
'Ceaved just matter of offence against th©m for so© great scandall 
thereby given : He added that they had proceeded with much remiss- 
ness against them, and forborne them nott one yeare butt two : butt 
if, att the next meeteing, they did nott make their appeareaunce : 
the next Lords day, they would publish their names to the congrega- 
tion : They proceed in their ecclesiasticall censures with all meekness, 
-endeavoureing a reformation first by those meanes : and verye rarely, 
nott one© in many yeares do© they denounce any excommunicate : 
There are some officers made choise of to tak© notice of, and to 
apprehend, all those that loiter in the streetes uppon the Lords day 
-dureing service and sermon time : these are punished by beeing 
committed to the Toll-bowth. 



34 

And if any are found in any house tippling, or gameing in churcb 
time : they are committed to prison : Those allsoe called to account 
that are mett walkeing from-wards the church: and are detained 
in dureance untill they bee brought before the bayliffes of the towne : 
who punisheth them severely ^ 

Good provision is here made by the deacons, the church-officers; 
for the poore : a collection and contribution every Lords day, before 
sermon : every well-affected parishioner doth receave the almes ancE 
bountie of those who come to church : (all which give some-thing); 
in a box : hereunto they are chosen, and designed by the church- 
officers : this they receave att the church doore : and there is allsoe' 
a monethly taxation and assessment laid uppon all the inhabitants 
of the pareish towardes the releefe of the poore : soe as none begg y 
nor are suffered to wander uppon and downe the pareish : Butt 
though many poore people swarme and abound here, and more then 
I have mett with in any part of the world : yett these most abound 
here, and the most miserable creatures in the world. 

Bought in Edenburgh : Thanksgiveing Sermons uppon Birth of 
Prince : and the Itinerarie of Scottland and Ireland 20 : 

Two paire of pistolls which cost 8 rix-dollars : which is 11. 18s. id\. 

A dugeon-hafted dagger and knives guilt 3s. Sd. 

Divers earles and lords houses here in Edenburgh as meane- 
buildings as gentlemen s and knights in London and Engl : Here I 
saw the Earle of T'requhares house : who is Deputie Treasurer 1 under 
my Lord Moreton : hee was made earle : when the king was last here. 

I paid here for my horses : 2 rix-dollars : and for our lodging : 
for 6 persons 3 bedds : every night Is. Qd. 

For victualls : Saturd : 7s. 2d. : Sund : Mund : Thuesd : breake- 
fast: about 11. 5s. Od. : washing Is. 8d. : rewards to the maide and' 
cooke, 0/ 2s. Od. 

The colledge of Edinburgh, 2 called King James his colledge, was 
founded by the citizens about 70 years agoe, by the direction of Mr. 
Bollock the first principall thereof, and minister of the Colledge- 
church : 

The order that is observed in the worshippe of God is this uppon 
the Lords day : they doe assemble twixt 8 and 9 : houre in the morne- 
ing and spend the time in singing psalmes, and readeing chapters 
in the Old Testament untill about 10 houre : Then the preacher comes 
into the pulpitt : and the psalme beeing ended : hee reades a printed, 
and prescribed praier, which is an excellent praier : this beeing ended 

20 Probably An Itinerary written by Fynes Morison, gent., London,. 
Beale, 1617, folio being the travels of Fynes Moryson in 1598. 

1 John Stewart, created Earl of Traquair 23 June, 1633, Lord High 
Treasurer of Scotland 1636-1641, died 1659. 

2 The University of Edinburgh, as it now is, was opened for students 
in 1583. Mr. Eobert Bollock, the Principal, was minister of the High 
Church of Edinburgh in 1587, and moderator of the General Assemblv in 
1597. Scott, Fasti Ecc. Scot. 



35 

another psalme is sung, and then he prayes before sermon, and con- 
cludes his sermon betwixt 11 and 12 houre: And dureing the inter- 
mission, many continue in the church untill the afternoones exercise, 
which begins soone after one, is performed in the same manner, as 
in the morneing : save the chapters then reade out of the New Testa- 
ment : and they conclude about 4 houre : I was in the morneing att 
the Gray Friors : where I heard a verye worthy man Mr. James 
Shenley 3 : In the wall of the yeard of this church I observed verye 
faire tombes, and monuments erected in memorye and honour of 
divers merchaunts, and others interred in this church -yeard : which 
custome if they continue : in the revolution of a short time : the 
whole wall will bee most grace-fully adorned with tombes which 
are most stately ornaments, round about the same : In the afternoone 
I went to the Colledge kirk : where I heard a blind-man preach : much 
to bee admired : Here I saw the sacrament of baptisme administred in 
this manner : — the preacher standing in the pulpitt, and there beeing 
placed, and fastened into the same : a frame of iron shaped, and pro- 
portioned to a baseon : wherein there stands a silver baseon and 
ewre : here the Minister useth an exhortation of gratitude for God's 
great goodness in admitting them to this priviledg etc. : and de- 
maunding from the witnesses (which are many sometimes 12 : some- 
times 20) according to a printed forme or Baptisme : the parent 
receaves the child from the midwife, 4 presents the same unto the 
preacher, who doth baptize itt without any manner of ceremonie : 
giveing a strict care of christian and religious education first unto 
the parent, then to the witnesses. 

When the sacrament of the Lords Supper is administred : a narrow 
table is placed in the middle isle, the whole length of the isle : about 
which the most of the reeeavers sitt : as in the Dutch and French 
churches : butt now the ceremonies of the Church of England are 
introduced, and conformitie is much pressed, and the gesture of 
kneleing is allsoe much pressed : 

About 26 yeares last past, by virtue of an Act of Parliament 
made in this kingdome : there was every yeare once assembled a 
Nationall Councell, consisting of one burgess for every burrough : 
one baron or elder in every presbyterie : and 2 or 3 ministers or 
pastors for a presbyterie : butt these meeteings were dissolved and 

3 This is evidently a misreading for Fairley. The Rev. James Fairley, 
M.A., minister of South Leith, 1625, professor of Divinity in the University 
of Edinburgh, 1629, was appointed to the Grey Friars, second charge, in 
1630, Bishop of Argyll 1637, minister of Lasswade 1644, died 1658. Scott, 
Fasti Ecc. Scot. 

4 ' A late minister of Caithness, when examining a member of his flock, 
who was a butcher, in reference to the baptism of his child, found him so 
deficient in what he considered the needful theological knowledge, that he 
said to him: "Ah, Sandy, I doubt ye're no fit to haud up the bairn." 
Sandy conceiving" that reference was made not to spiritual but to physical 
incapacity, answered indignantly, " Hout, minister, I could haud him up 
and he were a twa-year-auld stirk." ' Ramsay, Reminiscenses of Scottish 
Life and Character, 12 ed., p. 28. 



36 

taken away about 20 yeares last past : And now that Act of Pari : 
is made void and abrogated. 4 * 

The discipline of the Church of Engla : is much pressed, and much 
opposed by many pastors, and many of the people : Quare touching 
Aire: 77: 

The greatest part of the Scotts are verye honest, and zealously 
religious : I observed few given to drinke, or sweareing : butt if any 
oatbe, the most ordinarie oath was: — 'Uppon my soule J : The most 
of my hosts I mett withall, and others with whom I conversed, I 
found verye sound, and orthodox, and zealously religious : In their 
demaundes they doe nott soe much exceed, as with us in Engl : , butt 
insist uppon, and adhere unto, their first demaund for any commoditie. 

I observed few bells runge in any of their churches in Eden- 
borough, and as I was informed, there are butt few bells in any 
steeple, save in the abbey church steeple, which is the Kings Pallace : 
Herein is a ringe of bells erected by King Charles immediately before 
his comeing into Scotland : Anno Domini 1635 : butt none here knew 
how to ringe or make any use of them : untill some came out of 
England for that purpose : who hath now instructed some Scotts in 
this art: 

In most of their eminent churches, in this cittie, the kinge hath 
a stately seate placed on high, allmost round about some pillar opposite 
to the pullpitt : 

Jun : 30. About 12 houre wee left Edenborough, and came 
Lightgoaw 5 12 miles from thence : This seemes to bee a faire auntient 
towne, and well built, some part of itt of stone : Here is a faire 
church : and a daintie conduict in the middle of the streete : Here 
the king hath a verye faire pallace built castlewise, well seated : 
soe as itt may commaund the whole towne : which is governed by a 
provast and bayliffes who have power to punish with death offences 
committed within their liberties : By the way, I observed : gentlemens 
(here called lairds) houses built all castlewise : Wee lodged this night 
att Failkirk 6 : whence, about 7 miles distant (which wee discerned 
as we came), is seated the best house or castle of his M tie . in this 
kingdome, called Sterlin 7 : which is placed uppon an high commaund- 
ing rock and hill and nott farr from the faire navigable river Frithe, 
neere adioyning whereunto this is scituate : Here is another of his 
M ties houses an abbay called Drum-tarmalin, 8 which is nott above 
10 distant hence. And his M ties most pleasaunt and gallant houses 
are Falkeland and Sterlin : and Luthgow : and there is allsoe another 
pallace in the abbacye of Scune, 9 where the kings formerly were 
crowned. 

All along the shoare of Frithe are placed, even allmost to Sterlin, 

4a If the Diarist refers to ' the Golden Act ' which regulated the 
meetings of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, he mistakes 
the act, for it was passed 5 June, 1592. See Lang, History of Scotland, 
vol. n, p. 483. 

5 Linlithgow. 6 Falkirk. 7 Stirling. 8 Dumfermline. 9 Scone. 



37 

from beyond Mussleborough : salt-panns : wherein a mighty pro- 
portion of salt is boiled : which cannott bee estimated and ghuessed : 
because the workes are nott easiely to (sic) numbred, which are 
placed all along the shoare att least 30 Engl : mile : 

The conveniencye of coales gives greatest encouragement to the 
erection and pursuite of these workes : coales abound all along the 
shoare, yea itt is conceaved that the veine lyes all under the river, 
seeing itt is found on both sides, as itt were, reaching towardes the 
other : Here the chiefe ohardge of coales is the getting, which is butt 9 * 
easie seeing the veine lyes sometimes 26 or 20 fathom deepe : 

The greatest part of salt here made is transported into Holland : 
Here now are some of their shipps: : which are allsoe supplyed with 
coales hence : now the rather : because the custome of 4s. uppon a 
chaldron beeing encreased : they decline the trade there, and none 
or few of them are there to bee now found : 

Coales are sold for 3s. or 3s. 6d. chauldron : and cariage 2s. 8d. 

Here was (about 1,700 yeares since) a great stone and earth -wall, 
called Grhames Wall 10 , leadeing from Forth, 6 miles below Leith, over 
the maine land to Dumbarton, which is uppon the west-sea : which 
Wall was 32 miles long : and gave bounds to the kingdomes of Scotts 
on the south, and Picts on the north : Att every miles end was there 
erected a tower for the watchmen, and a castle att every 2 miles end, 
wherein was a strong garrison : 

About half mile hence was there a cruell battayle 11 fought betwixt 
the Engl : and Scotts : in anno 1298 : in Julii : 22 : Then was there 
slayne, which here are buried in the church yeard, and whose monu- 
ments are still extant : Steward 12 of Butts Cout (sic) (of which house 
itt is said his M tie , that now is, hath discended) and Sir John 
Grhames 13 ; both brave men : 

9a Query : not easy. 10 The Antonine Wall. 

11 The Battle of Falkirk 22 July, 1298, at which Edward I. defeated 
Wallace. 

12 The following monumental inscription in Falkirk churchyard marks 
the burial place of Sir John Stewart of Bonhill : — 

Here lies a Scottish hero, Sir John Stewart, who was killed at the 

battle of Falkirk, 22nd July, 1298. 
Rogers, Monuments and Monumental Inscriptions of Scotland, vol. n, p. 26. 

He was brother to the Steward of Bute. See Lang, History of Scotland, 
vol. i, p. 186. 

13 The following monumental inscription records the burial place of 
Sir John Graham in Falkirk churchyard: — 

Mente manuque potens, et Valla? fidus Achates, 
Conditur hie Gramus, bello interfectus ab Anglis, 

Here lys 
Sir John the Grame baith wight and wise, 
Ane of the chiefs reskewit Scotland thrise ; 
Ane better knight not to the world was lent, 
Nor was gude Grame of truth and hardiment. 

Rogers, Monuments and Monumental Inscriptions of Scotland, vol. n, p. 26. 
From Sir John Graham's uncle, Patrick Graham, descend the Dukes 

of Montrose. See New Scottish Peerage. 



38 

About 1 4 miles henoe : is a meare or lake called Loemund in 
Perth. : wherein are the flitting islands, which moove (my host Mr. 
Fleemeing affirmed hee hath seen itt), itt is most rough in calme 
weather : the fish are without fins : There is in Caricke 14 a rocke 
3 yards long, and one broade : uppon which if you tingle with your 
knife, itt will ring like brass pan : this is called the Ringing Rocke, 
and is neere the high, way about 16 miles from Port Patricke : 

Strange foot-stepps in the Cave of Caricke 15 : wherein (as my 
host here affirmed that hee had often seen itt) are allwayes to bee 
seen and found the prints and foot-stepps of men, weomen and chil- 
dren : of doggs, catts, sheepe, kine, horses, deere and all manner of 
beasts : Yea hee further protested that hee had seen itt, that though 
the sand were over-night sifted : yett these impressions were to bee 
found next morneing : 

And whereas some write and some report of a deafe rocke 16 : 
Itt is butt a table (sic) : soe I was informed by verve juditious men : 
Here wee paid 6s. Engl. : supper for 7 persons : and lodged in Mr. 
Fleemeings house : who is a very intelligent, proper, compleate, and 
well- bred man. 

There is a great Earle of this countrie, his name is Fleemeing, 
and his title Weghkton 17 : whose house, 18 or pallace, wee saw, butt 
there was soe much wood encompassed the same, as wee could nott 
discern the same : Here wee were showed by Mr. Guordon : a madow 
of his reputed the fairest meadow in Scottland : I would nott give in 
exchang for itt the Broade-meadow 19 : though itt bee much larger : 
One acre of the Broade-meadow worth 2 of this : 

I paid for hay here 6d. per noctem : and 13^7. peck for oates : 

Julii 1. Hence I departed and about 12 miles hence: there is a 
towne called Cuntellen. This the inhabitants make coy to name : 
and are much incensed if you aske the name : One answered Parker : 
1 You know the Name well enough: your father was hangman here.' 

Another said : ' Thrust your finger in mine and licke the ' : 

and a third answered : ' This towne is the Heart of Scottland.' 

Mr. Guerdon said : they might easiely bee provoaked to fall uppon 
any that insist uppon this question : 

Here by the way : wee were showed the reliques of a stately 
wood cutt downe, which belonged to this Earle of Weghkton : There 
is verye little or noe timber in any of the south or west parts of this 
kingdome : much less then in England : I have diligently observed 
butt cannott find any timber in rideing neere 100 miles : All the 

14 Carrick is one of the three ancient divisions of Ayrshire, the other 
two being Cunningham and Kyle. 

15 See p. 44. 16 On the coast of Ayrshire. 

17 John Fleming, sixth Baron Fleming, was created Earl of Wigton in 
1606 and died in 1636. 

18 Query : Cumbernauld House. 

19 The ' Broad meadow ' was evidently the best meadow field on the 
Diarist's estate at Handforth. 



39 

countrey poor© and barren, save where itt is helped by lyme, or sea- 
weedes : Lyme-ston© here is verye plentifull : and coales, and where 
there are noe coales, they have abundaunce of turves : poorest houses, 
and people that I have seen inhabitt here : the houses accommodated 
with noe more light, then the light of the doore : no© window© : the 
houses covered with clodds : The weomen on©ly neat© and hansom© 
about the feete : which comes to pass by their oft©n washing with 
their feet© : 

Glasgoaw. About 1 : hour© wee cam© to the cittie of Glasgoaw 
which is 30 20 miles from Edenborow : 18 from Failkirke : This is an 
arch-bishopps seat©, an auntient universitie 1 : One onely colledg 
consisting of about 120 students: wherein are 4 schooles : one 
principeall : 4 regents : There are about 6 or 700 la communicants, and 
about 20,000 persons in the town© : which is famous for the church, 
which is fairest and stateliest in Scottland : for the Tole-boothe : and 
bridge : 

This church lb I viewed this day : and found itt a brave auncient 
piece : Itt was said in this church this day that there was a contri- 
bution throughout Europe (even Rom© itt self contributed) towards 
the building hereof : Ther© is a great partition, or wall, twixt the 
bodye of the church and the chauncell, ther© is no© use of the bodye 
of the church : onely divine service and sermon is used, and 
performed in the quire or chauncell : which is built, and framed 
church-wise : and und©r this quire : there is allsoe another church 
which carries the same proportion under this, wherein allsoe there is 
■2 sermons every Lords-day : Three places or roomes, one above 
another, round and uniformed : like unto chapter-houses : which are 
compleate buildings, and roomes : The Tole-boothe which is placed 
in the middle of the town© and neere unto the Cross, and Market- 
place, is a verye fair© and high built house, from the topp whereof, 
beeing leaded, you may take a full view, and prospect of the whole 
cittie : In one of these roomes, or chambers, sitts the Councell of this 
cittie : In other of the roomes, or chambers : preparation is made for 
the Lords of the Councell to meete in : these stately roomes : Herein 
is a closett lined with iron : walls : toppe : bottom : floore and door© 
iron : wherein are kept the evidences, and records of the cittie : this 
made to prevent the danger of fire : This Tole-booth said to bee the 
fairest in this kingdome : the revenewes belonging to this cittie are 
about 1,000Z. per annum: This town© is built: two streetes which 
are built like a cross : in the middle of both which the Cross is placed, 
which lookes 4 wayes into 4 streetes : though indeed they bee but 

20 The is not quite clear, possibly 38. 

1 The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451 under a bull obtained 
from Pope Nicholas II. 

]a Perhaps for ■ 700 ' should be read ■ 7,000.' 

lb For Scott's description of the cathedral of Glasgow see Rob Roy, 
chap. xix. 



40 

2 straight streetes : The one reaching from the church to the bridge* 
a mile long : the other which crosseth that is much shorter : 

Two arch-bishopps 2 : of St. Andrewes : Spotswood : Chanc : 
Regent : The other of Glasgoaw : Dr. Lindsey — bishopps above 20 :, 

The prime citties in Scottland : Edenborough : St. Andrewes : 
Dondye 3 : Aberden : Glasgoaw : Perth, or St. Johnstone : Lightgow : 
Aire : Sterling : Dumbarton : Erwing : 4 : Don Fris 5 : Haddington : 
Dunbarr : Erwin : Elgin : Murray : Bamffe : Enverness : Boughan 5a : 

Fairest bridges in Scottland : Done 5b , which is in the north, under 
which as Mr. Guerdon informed mee that a shippe of 50 or 60 tunne- 
may pass with hir sayles full spread : this is butt one arch placed 
on a high rocke, uppon either side much above the water : A verye 
faire bridge att Glasgoaw overleyd the river : St. John-stone is a. 
gallant bridge, stands uppon Tay : Aberden : 

Glasgoaw is a faire bridge consisting of 7 or 8 faire arches which 
are supported and strengthned with strong buttresses : This river iss 
now navigable within 6 miles of this cittie : itt ebbs and flowes above 
the bridge though now the water is soe shallow, as you may ride 
under the horse-bellye : Beyond this river there is seated pleasauntry 
a house which was Sir Geo: Elvinstones, 6 and is to bee sold to pay 
his debts : the revenew thereto belonging is above 300Z. per annum, 
the price off red by this cittie who are about to buy itt is 6,0001 : 
The suburbs and privileged places belonging unto itt induce them 
to buy itt. 

Wee lodged in Glasgoaw in Mr. David Weymes house : his wifes 
name is Margrett Cambell (the wives in Scottland never change butt 
allwayes retaine their owne names) noe stabling hereunto belonging : 
In the towne wee were constrained to provide stableing : I paid 5d.. 
for pease-straw for my straw : noe hay would bee gotten : 

Wee paid for vitualls : dinner, and breakefast, 7 persons : 2 rix- 
dollars : There is a good hansome foundation propounded and sett 
out to add a good, faire, and colledg-like structure, to bee built quad- 
rangular : one side is allready built, and there hath been collections 
throughout Scottland towards the building of this colledg : and much 
more money is collected, then isi need-full to the building hereof 6 * : 

2 The two archbishops of the period were Dr. John Spottiswood, arch- 
bishop of St. Andrew's, and Dr. Patrick Lindsay, archbishop of Glasgow. 
The latter was previously Bishop of Ross from which see he was translated 
to Glasgow in 1633. He is said to have performed the duties of his office- 
with mildness and moderation. With the other bishops, he was deprived 
in 1638, and retiring to England, he died at York in 1644. 

3 Dundee. 4 Irvine. 5 Dumfries. 5a Buchan. 

5b Doune, in Perthshire, where is, or was, a two-arched bridge over 
the Teith, built in 1535. 

6 Sir George Elphinstone knighted 30 Aug., 1594, by James VI. on the 
baptism of his son. 

Ga Charles I. being at Setoun on the 14 July, 1633, granted £200 sterling 
for the advancement of the library and fabric of the college of Glasgow ; 
but it was not paid until 1654 when the royal promise was redeemed by the>. 
Protector. Ex. inf. Mr. William Maddan. 



41 

Here the librarie is a very© little roome, nott twice soe large as 
my old closett : That part of itt which is now standing, is old, stronge, 
plaine buildeing : This colledg is governed by one Principeall, 4 
Regents, and about 120 students: Here the sohollars may bee 
distinguished from others by gownes (in Edenborough they use 
coloured cloakes) though coloured : some red, some gray, and of other 
colours as please themselves: Here I visitted the arch-bishoppes of 
Glasgoawes pallace, 7 which seems a stately structure, and promises 
much when you looke uppon the out-side: Itt is said to bee the 
inheritaunce of the Duke of Lennox : but the areh-bishopps succes- 
sively make use of it: 

Here I went to see the hall, and pallace: and goeing into the 
hall which is a poore and meane place : the arch-bishoppe's 
daughter an hansome well-bred proper gentlet-woeman entertained 
mee with much civill respect, and would not suffer mee to depart, 
untill I had druncke Scotch ale : which was the best I tasted in Scott- 
land, and drunke onely a draught of this ale in this kingdome : One 
faire house is here lately built, hee that built itt, died before bee 
finished itt : 

Uppon the way hence to Erwin, wee discerned manye islands, 
and amongst the rest the great Isle of Arran, belonging to the 
Marquess Hamilton : Many more islands hence appeare, and indeed 
the isles belonging and annexed unto this kingdome are said to bee 
more land, then halfe the ma.ine land of this kingdome : Mr. Guerdon 
informed mee : that they were above 306 in number : One more 
remarkable isle hence showes itt self att 40 miles distaunce, this is 
placed in the sea, about 16 miles from shoare: Itt is a mightye high 
rocke, seeming verve steepe and high, round att the toppe : The 
name of itt is Ellsey, 8 and itt belongs to my Lord Castle 9 : nott 
inhabited but with abundaunce of fowle: and 2 eareis 10 of goose- 
hawkes, 11 this yeare stollen by some High-landers : This rocke or 
island was in our view 3 dayes, whilst wee travailed betwixt 60 and 
70 mile, and when you are att a great distaunce itt presents itt self 
in shape like a sugar-loafe, and when you approach neerer, itt seemes 
lower and flatter att the toppe : butt itt is a much to bee admired 
peice of the Lord's workman shippe : In this Isle of Ellsey, which is 
my Lord Castles', there breed abundaunce of solemne geese 1 la ; which 
are longer necked and bodied then ours, and soe extreme tall (sic) are 
the young, as that when they ease (sic) them : they are placed in the 

7 The Royal Infirmary of Glasgow stands on the site of this ancient 
palace of the archbishops. Ex. inf. Mr. W. Maddan. 

8 Ailsa Craig. 

9 John, Earl of Cassillis, who succeeded his uncle in 1615, and died 
in 1668. His daughter Margaret was wife of Gilbert Burnett, Bishop 
of Salisbury. He was ancestor of the Marquis of Ailsa. 

10 Eareis, eyry, or aerie, a place where birds of prey construct their 
nests and hatch their eggs. 

11 The goshawk. "» Solan geese. 



42 

middle of the roome, soe as all may have access about itt : their amies 
stripped uppe, and linnen-eloathes placed before their cloathes to 
secure them from being defiled with the fall (sic) thereof : which doth 
besprinkle, and besmear all that neere unto itt : 

Julii 1 : Erwin : I came from Glasgoawi about 7 houre, and 
came to Erwin 12 about 12 houre, which is 16 mile: Wee passed 
thorow a barren and poo re countrey, the most of itt yealding neither 
corne, nor grass : and that which yeeldes corne is verye poore, much 
punished with drought : Wee came to Mr James Blares in Erwin : a 
well-affected man : who informed mee of that which is much to bee 
admired : Above 10,000 persons have within 2 yeares last past left 
the countrye wherein they lived, which was betwixt Aberden and 
Ennerness 13 : and are gone for Ireland 14 : they have come by 100 
in company thorough this towne : and 300 have gone hence togeather 
shipped for Ireland att one tyde : None of them can give a reason, 
why they leave the countrey : onely some of them who make a better 
use of God's hand uppon : have acknowledged to mine host : in these 
words : ' That itt was a iust judgment of God uppon them, to spue 
them out of the land for their unthank-full-ness ' : This countrye 
was soe fruitt-full formerly, as that itt supplyed an overplus of corne, 
which was carried by water to Leith : and now of late for 2 yeares is 
soe sterill of corne, as they are constrained to forsake itt : Some say 
that these hard yeares, the servaunts were nott able to live, and 
subsist under their maisters, and therefore generally leaveing them, 
the maisters beeing not accustomed, nor knowing how to frame 15 to 
till, and order their land, the ground hath been untilled : soe as that 
of the Prophett David is made good in this their punishment : ' A 
fruitt-full land makes hee barren for the wickedness of them that 
dwell therein ' : For itt is observed of these : that they were a most 
unthank-full people : One of them I mett withall, and discoursed with 
att large : who could (sic) noe good reason : butt pretended : the 
land-lords encreaseing their rents : Butt their swarmeing in Ireland 
is soe much taken notice of, and disliked, as that the Deputie 16 hath 
sent out a warrant to stay the landing of any of these Scotch, that 
came without a certificate : Three score of them were numbred 
returneing towards the place whence they came, as they passed this 
towne : Some of them complayne of hard yeares (the better to colour, 
and justifie this their departure) butt doe withall acknowledg that 
corne is as cheape with them, as in this towne : butt in the distrac- 

12 Irvine. 13 Inverness. 

14 Much information on the subject of the emigration from Scotland 
to the Ulster plantation may be found in the Register of the Privy Council 
of Scotland, 1635-1637. Most of it went by way of Portpatrick. Proclama- 
tions were put forth forbidding all tenants from passing over without a 
certificate from their landlords or a justice of the peace. 

15 Frame, to profit, be of service, prosper, succeed, N.E.D. 

16 Thomas, Viscount Wentworth, afterwards Earl of Strafford, was 
appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1633. 



43 

tion, and different relation of themselves, there may bee observed 
much matter of admiration : and doubtless : Digitus Dei is to bee 
-discerned in itt : 

Here wee were well used : and paid about OZ. is. id. for our 
dinners : Here I exchanged Mr. Hobbyes nag with Mr. James Blare 
for the white nagge, and paid 11. 6s. Sd. to boote : 

This towne of Erwin is daintiely scituate : both uppc-n a navigable 
arme of the sea, and in a daintie, pleasaunt, levell, champion (sic) 
eountrey : Excellent good corne there is neere unto itt where the ground 
is enriched, and made fruitt-full with the searweedes, or lyme : the 
•other ground which lyes att toe great distance to bee thus helped : 
either verye poore corne if itt bee sowen, or if itt lye, noe grass at 
all : The minister of this towne is Mr. David Dike, 17 a worthy man : 
And uppon further conference with my host, I found him a right 
honest man of approoved integritie, who* is allsoe part owner of the 
best shippe belonging to this towne: wherein I spoak with a 
merchaunt, who came lately from West-chester : and performed the 
journey in 5 or 6 miles (sic) : beeing about 180 miles : From hence 
to Don Frise 17a 44 miles : thence to Carlile 24 : and soe to Pereth, 17b 
etc. : Hence to Dublin by sea is about 40 houres sayle with a good 
wind : Hence they trade much into Burdeaux in Fraunce, and are now 
furnished with good wine : Nott farr henoe about 2 miles lives the 
Earle of Egglington att Killwining : hee hath a dozen or 16 halls, or 
houses, here-aboutes, and swayes much in these parts 170 : 

Aire. Hence wee came to Aire : which is 8 miles : uppon the 
sea-coast, a most daintie pleasaunt way as I have ridden, wherein you 
leave the sea on your right hand : here wee taught our horses to drinke 
salt-water, and much refreshed their limbes therein : Comeing late 
to Aire, wee lodged in one Patrick Mackellen's 17d house where is a 
cleanly neate hostess, victualls hansomely cooked, and good lodging : 
-8 ordinarie : good entertainment : Noe stable belonging to this inne : 
wee were constrained to seek for a stable in the towne : where wee 
paid 8d. a night for hay and grasse for an horse, and Is. a pecke 
for base oates. 

This allsoe is a daintie pleasaunt seated towne, much plain rich 
corne land about itt : and better haven, there beeing a river, whereon 
itt is placed, which Howes much higher then the bridge : which is 
a great, and faire neate bridge : yett nevertheless itt is butt a bare 
naked haven : noe peere, nor defence against the stormes, and 

17 Rev. David Dickson, afterwards Professor of Divinity at the univer- 
sity of Glasgow; he was moderator of the General Assembly in 1639. 

17a Dumfries. 171 > Penrith. 

17(5 The right of Sir Alexander Seton to the Earldom of Eglinton being 
challenged, he procured, 24 March, 1614, a patent of the disputed dignity. 
Kilwinning — previously ecclesiastical property — was purchased by his pre- 
decessor in 1594. 

,7d For Macklellen that is Maclellan. 



u 

weather : Better store of shipping then att Erwin : Most inhabiteing- 
in the towne are merchants tradeing unto, and bred in Fraunce : 

Enquireing of my hostess touching the minister 18 of the towne : 
shee complained much against him : because hee doth soe violently 
press the ceremonies, espetially shee instanced in kneeleing att the 
Communion : Whereuppon uppon Easter day last, soe soone as hee 
went to the communion table, the people all left the church, and 
departed, and nott one of them staide, onely the pastor alone : 

Juli : 2 : Hence wee went to the Cave of Carick : which is about 
8 miles from Aire : Where there dwells a laird : Sir Alexander 
Kenarick of Cullen, 19 who hath a prettie pleasaunt seated house, or 
castle 198, which looks full uppon the maine-sea : Hereinto wee went : 
and there found noe hall, onely a dineing roome, or hall : a faire roome,. 
and allmost as large as the whole pile : butt verye sluttishly kept : 
unswept : dishes, trenchers, and woodden cupps throwen uppe and' 
downe : and the roome verye nastye and unsavourye : Here wee were 
nott entertained with a cuppe of beere, or ale : onely one of his sons,, 
servaunts, and others tooke a candle, and conducted us to the cave : 
where there is either a notable imposture, or most strange, and much 
to bee admired foot-stepps, and impressions, which are here to bee 
seen : of men, children, doggs, connies and divers other creatures : 
These here conceaved to bee spiritts : and if there bee noe such thing,, 
butt an elaborate practise to deceave : they doe most impudently 
betray the truth : for one of this knights sons, and another Galloway 
genii : affirmed unto mee : that all the foot-stepps have been putt out, 
and buried in sand over-night : and have been observed to bee renewed 
next morneing : This cave hath many narrow passages, and doores, 
galleries allsoe, and a closett and divers roomes, hewed with mightye 
labour out of an hard lyme-stone rocke : Herein are 2 daintie springe 
wells, whereof I tasted : a. fowle, slipperye, darke passage is there- 
into : And itt was first framed and intended for a strong-hold, or 
place of defence : noe way to bee offended or annoyed by any assault : 
if the port bee made good : though one doore lookes towards, and 
conveyes light from the sea- ward : yett these seas are soe guarded 

18 The minister of Ayr in 1635 was the Kev. William Annand. In 
consequence of a sermon preached in 1637 before the synod of Glasgow 
defending the liturgy, he was twice in one day mobbed by women and 
severely handled. Deprived in 1638, he retired to England where he was 
preferred to the vicarage of Selling in Kent in 1639 and to the rectory 
of Throwley in the same county in 1649. He died in 1663. His son 
William Annand became Dean of Edinburgh. Scott, Fasti Ecc. Scot. 

19 Now Culzean in Ayrshire. Sir Alexander Kennedy of ' Collen ' was. 
dubbed knight of Holyrood, 12 July, 1633. He was grandson of Gilbert, 
third Earl of Cassillis, to which title his lineal descendant, Sir Thomas 
Kennedy, succeeded after the death of the ninth Earl in 1759. 

19a The modern house or castle of Culzean in the parish of Kirkoswald, 
Ayrshire, was built in 1777 by David, Earl of Cassillis, the garden of the 
old house which stood near by, being retained. The coves or caves of 
Culzean are six in number, the largest of them being some 200 feet in 
length and 50 feet in height. 



45 

with rockes all along the shoare of Caricke (such terrible rockes, and 
stones I never saw) as noe shipps dare nor doe frequent those seas : 
This day wee were exceedingly punished for want of drincke, and 
meate for our selves and our horses : and could nott meete with any 
good accommodation in rideing 40 long miles : The entertainment 
wee accepted in a poorer house then any uppon Handforth Greene, 
was tharck-cakes 20 and eggs, and some dried fish buttered : this day 
as many dayes before, I drunck nothing butt water : and divers of 
our horses, and Will : Baylye allmost fainted for lack of releefe : This 
day wee passed uppe and downe many high and steepe hills, which 
you cannott ride: and verye much hard and stronge beateing way: 
exceeding much moareish or barren land : 

Wee came into Galloway about 6 miles from the Chappell 1 : and 
therein observed one of the widest, broadest, plainest moares that I 
have seen : itt is much moss butt now soe drie as itt is good hankeing : 
Comeing of this moare, wee observed an eminent stone and tried itt 
with our knives, and itt did ring, and sound like mettall : About 8 
houre wee came to this long desired Chappell, the towne is thence 
denominated, and soe called : This is scituate uppon, a long locke 2 
4 miles long : wherein the sea ebbs and flowes : Here wee found good 
accomodation (onely wanted wheate bread) in Hughe Boydes house : 
ordin : 6<i., good victualls : well ordered : good wine, and beere, lodg- 
ing, and horse-meate: This house is seated 4 miles from the Port- 
Patrick whence itt is to Carling-worke 3 32 miles : best lodging there is 

20 Query tharf : tharf cake, an unleavened cake of flour or meal mixed 
with milk or water rolled out thin and baked. Wright, English Dialect 
Dictionary. 

1 The borough of Stranraer has absorbed the village called Chapel or 
St. John's Chapel. At the time of the Diarist's visit the place belonged 
to the Kennedys. 

2 Loch Evan. 

3 Carlingwark is the name of a loch close to Castle Douglas, the old 
name of which was Causeway-end. 

Sir William Douglas, one of Kirkcudbright's successful sons, sprang 
from the parish of Kelton, Kirkcudbright, being son of John Douglas by his 
wife Mary, daughter of James Heron of Penningham. Going up to 
London with the proverbial half-crown in his pocket he acquired great 
wealth in the American trade in partnership with Sir James Shaw, knt., 
some time M.P. for the City of London. With part of his acquired wealth 
he purchased the village of Causeway-end, otherwise Carlinwark, and in 
1792 procured it a charter of incorporation as Castle Douglas. It is now 
the most important town in the Stewartry. Douglas also purchased the 
estate of Gelston where he built a house which he called Douglas Ca?tle. 
His obsession with the name of Douglas ga\e rise to the good-humoured 
banter of his neighbours, one of whom is stated to have addressed a letter 
to : — Sir William Douglas of Douglas Castle, bart., Douglas Castle, 
c/o Mrs. Douglas, Douglas Arms Inn, Castle Douglas. He was created a 
baronet 17 July, 1801, and died s.p. 1809. He had four brothers and 
one sister, viz. : James Douglas of Orchardton, who left issue; John 
Douglas, who died unmarried; George Douglas of New York, who left issue; 
Samuel Douglas of Crae and Cannock, who left issue; and Margaret, wife 



46 

Tho : Hutton : thence to Don-Frise 28 miles : best lodging is John 
Harstein : thence to Carleil 24 : 

Juli : 4 : We went from hence to the Port-Patrick 4 which is fowle 
winter way over the mossye moares : and there wee found onely one 
boate, though yester-night there were 15 boates here: We hyred a 
boate of about ten tunne for 5 horses of ours, and for 5 Yorkeshire- 
men and horses : for this wee paid 1/. Os. Qd. and conditioned that noe 
more horses should come aboard, save onely 2 or 3 of an Irish lairds : 
who then staid for a passage : and carried his wife and 3 horses. His 
name is Levinston, 5 laird Dun Draide : Here wee shipped our horses 
2 houres before we© went abroad. 

Itt is a most craggye, fylthy passage, and verye dangerous for 
horses to goe in or out : a horse may easiely bee lamed, spoiled, and 
thrust into the sea : and when any horses land here, they are throwen 
into the sea, and swim out : Here was demaunded from us by our 
boast, Tho : Marchbanke, a custome of 2s. an horse : Which I stumbled 
att, and answered : that if hee had authoritie to demaund or receave 
itt, I was bound to pay itt : otherwise nott, and therefore I demaunded 
to see his authoritie : otherwise I was free to pay, or refuse : Here- 
with hee was satisfied, and declined his further demaund : Here is a 
prettie ehappell lately built by Sir Hugh Mountgomeries 6 laird of 
Dunskie, on this side, where hee hath a castle, and of Newton de 
Clanyboyes, on the Irish side, where hee hath a markett towne : The 
boateman that carried us in a barke of about 15 tun : his name was 
David Dickie : who hath a daintie fine prettie nimble boy to his son, 
who will make a good sayleor : The boate is a good sayleing vessell, 
and good, expert mariners, butt nott manned with sufficient number 
of men : Shee tooke in 4 horses more than wee covenaunted, and was 
soe much overthronged with passengers, as wee had nott every man 
his owne length allowed to lye in att ease : 

Our horses were shipped about 11 houre : the wind beeing north- 
west : butt turneing into the south-west, or rather west south-west : 

of David McHaffie of Wigtonshire. She was the great-grand- 
mother of Mr. William Brown, the Hon. Sec. of the Surtees Soc, who has 
contributed some of the above information. 

4 Portpatrick, originally called Portree, was constituted a borough 
in 1628 by royal charter under the name of Port Montgomery, the then 
proprietor being Sir Hugh Montgomery, afterwards second Viscount Mont- 
gomery of Ards in Ireland. It is only 21 miles from Donaghadee in Ireland. 

5 Sir William Livingston was made a knight 30 Aug., 1594, by James 
VI. on the baptism of his son. 

6 In 1604 Sir Hugh Montgomery of Braidstane, Ayreshire, obtained a 
crown grant of the lands of the O'Neils in Ulster : these he colonized with 
West-country Scots. He seems to have obtained Portpatrick, under the 
name of Portree, and Dunsky from William Adair in exchange for lands in 
Ballymena in Ulster. Dunsky was sold circo, 1645 by Hugh, Viscount 
Montgomery of Ards, to the Rev. James Blair, minister of Portpatrick, 
in whose descendants the property rests. The castle, which was in ruins 
in 1684, is engraved by Grose. 



47 

Wee went nott aboard untill after 3 houre : the wind then beeing soe 
much averse, and soe directly against us, as that wee could nott gett 
out of the haven : soe as they were constrained to hale out with a 
cock-boat© a good way : Wee were gott cleere out of the haven about 
4 houre : and before wee had sayled a leauge, the wind was more 
averse : butt presently favoureing us something more, with a full gal© 
of wind, wee had soe speedie a passage as that by 6 : houre : wee were 
within 16 miles of the coast of Ireland: The wind then fayled, and 
was sometimes verye weake and poore, and sometime due west, and 
directly averse : yett wee passed on, though slowly, and about 8 or 9 
mile from the coast of Ireland wee passed the Strangawre, which is a 
mightye, high running channell, where there is a concurrence and 
confluence of three strong tides, which runne about 9 or 10 mile in 
length, and about 2 mile in breadth, these occasioned by the islands, 
and points of land : butt when wee passed them, the wind was soe 
weake, as itt was there more calmed, and less troubled then in any 
other part of our passage : Wee had noe sooner passed the Strane- 
gawre, butt (ail-though when wee went aboard, itt was verye calme, 
and like to bee faire weather, which gave encouragement to them to 
hazard a passage by night), the wind fayled us, and wee were much 
affected with the apprehension of the inconvenience of lyeing att sea 
all night : because the tydes are soe strong as they would carrye us 
with tke ebbing water downe towardes the isles of Scottland, the wind 
allsoe beeing either soe averse as to bring us backe to the shoare of 
Scottland, or to concurre with the tide to carrye us downe towards 
the isles of Scottland : Butt then suddenly arose a strong wind, and 
storme of raine, which did come out of the west, and from the land- 
ward : which did much perplex the sayleors : soe as they were con- 
strained to take downe, and did in all hast take downe the lower part 
of the mayne-sayle and the fore-sayle : which they call the main© 
bowleing, or maine bonnett : 

Two or three of these showers and stormes did follow one another, 
which though they did encrease, and renew our feares : yett itt pleased 
God (who knowes better what might conduce unto our safetye then 
our selves), to make these stormes the instruments of bringing us to 
harbour about 1 1 : houre uppon the coast of Ireland under the Black© 
Rocke which is in the Island of Mague 7 : Hereby wee were sheltered 
all night from most cruell, violent, and tempestuous stormes, which 
did much affect, and discourage us, though wee lay att anchor, and 
under the shelter of an high hill : Here wee tooke uppe our lodging, 
in this open boate, and suffered a wett cold lodging : yett itt pleased 
God that I tooke noe cold : nor did any other distemper seaze uppon 
mee : save onely a fainteingness when I came on shoare, and an 
extreme purgeing : ail-though the sea wrought effectually, and plenti- 
fully with mee, and purged mee more by vomitt, onely when I was att 
sea, then ever formerly : soe as my stomack was nott onely cleered y 

7 Magee, co. Antrim. 



48 

and dischardged of flegme, butt allsoe of abundance of choller and 
green stuffe : 

Twixt Erwin in Scottland, and Colrane 8 in Ireland are the highest 
running seas about the sound of Raughrick 9 which is an island belong- 
ing to the Earl© of Antrem : The shortest passage twixt Scottland 
and Ireland is from Mule Kenteir, a rooke or point of the high-landers 
in Scottland, which is 16 mile to the Faire-head, or Marble head in 
Ireland 10 : This is onely a passage for the High-landers : From Port 
Patrick to Carick-Fergus is about 19 leauges : and from Donoh-Dee, 11 
or Groomes Port about 15 leauges :as one of the sayleors informed me : 

Att our landing in Ireland, the shippe came as neere the shoar© 
as she durst and all the horses were throwen into the sea,, and did swim 
to land, and climbe a great steepe rocke : 

Jul : 5. Carig-Fergus : Uppon the Lords day in the morneing 
wee went ashoare the coast of Ireland in the Isle of Mague where wee 
were landed uppon the rocke, whence wee found a difficult and tedious 
passage : and att the toppe of the hill, wee were verye civilly, and 
courteously entertained by a Scotch gentleman, who lives in a meane 
poore house : hath good store of corne, milke, calves and kine : hence 
wee went to Carick-Fergus, corruptly called Knock-Fergus, which is 
4 miles : and come thither about 1 1 houre. 



Coynes currant in Scotland. 

In copper. 

Turners 6 

Placks 3 



I 



To one penny English 
Or 12 Scottish. 



Baubyes 2 I 

Achesons 1 and a plack. ) 

In silver. 

19s. or a Cardicue, French money In English 19d. 

29s. Half© a nicks 29d. 

23s. Halfe a dog daeler 23d. 

1$6s. A Swedes daeler, Swedish money 3s. 

46s. A dog daeler, Dane 4s. wanting 2d. 

58s. A nicks daeler, Germane 4s. lOd. 

Of these Germane there be 60 kynds currant. 

Onely note their most common computation of moneys to be by 
marks rather then pownds, wherein their difference from the English 
is (as appears) that they call all their money 12 tymes as much as 
they doe in England viz. Id. — 12d. — Is. — 12s. 1 mark is 12 marks — 
11. — 121. and soe in the rest. 

8 Irvine and Coleraine. 

9 Isle of Rathlin, off the coast of Antrim. 

10 Mull of Cantyre and Fairhead, otherwise Bermorehead. 

11 Donagliadee. 



49 



Speech in Scotland. 

We call here : — A clock a, knock, a watch a munter, a dyell an 
orelege ; a band an oily layer. For slight, hough, a shop a buith, or 
booth. In many words a*j chest, shall, etc. there is not h pronounced. 
A cap a mutch if it be linn-en, a bonnet if it be woolen or lether. A 
mans coat a juipe or joope. And generally they pronounce ow oo as 
towne toone. And that which we spell in England with ou but pro- 
nounce as if it were oo as in the word enough they call it enuigh 
changing it into ui. Our a that we in England pronounce as they 
do yta : i.e. as it were ae, they in Scotland pronounce, as it were ao. 
And in some words ai. So that concerning their accent no few 
generall prescripts will give any satisfaction, but onely experience 
and use acquired by cohabitation among themselves. They have 
many words in the country that citizens understand not, but if all 
the propertyes of language were concurrent there, as well as signiii- 
cancy in pathetick speeches and innumerable proverbs and bywords, 
they might compare with any people in the world. 

A JOURNALL SINCE MY COMEING OUT OF CHESHIRE. 

Junii Miles. Lodged. 

11. From Handford to Wake- "I „q Att the Bull: good usage: 

field : J 

12. Thence to Yorke Att Mrs. Keyes : excellent 

usage : 

13. Thence to Allerstone With my Sister Eggerton. 

17. To Ellenthorpe With my Uncle Alde-burgh. 

19. To Newton. Mr. Hen: ) 9fi Mr. Blakestones in Bishop- 

Blaket's : f Jt> rioke. 

20. To Auckland My noble Lord of Durhams. 

22. To Durham 7 : to Ches- ) . Att the Post-maisters, Mr. 

ter 9 : and to New- > 19 Swans, att the Signe of the 

castle 3 : ) Swan : 8cl. ord : meane 

entertainment. 

24. To Marpeth 12 : To Ane- ] 9fi Att Postmr. good victualls 

wicke 14 : f and lodging Qd. ord : 

supp : and id. break : 

25. To Bellford 12: to Fen- \ An excellent house att 

nam 5, to Holly Island ( 9 Crowne good lodging: 

over the Sands 2: to ( Sd. ordi : good victualls: 

Barwick 7 : ) and 6 our men : this is an 

honest inne. 

26. To Aten 4 : Apthomas 8 : } Mr. Wallis his house in high 

Dunglass 2 : Dunbarr 6. / streete over against the 

Muscleborough 16: f ^ High-Cross: wee paid 18 a 

Edenb. 4 : ) night for lodg : and vic- 

tualls out of a cookes 
shoppe kept in the same 
house. 

4 



50 



Junii Miles. 

29. To Lightgow 12 : to Fail- 
kirk 6 : 



18 



30. To Glasgoaw 

Julii 

1. To Erving 18 13 ) 

V26 

2. To Aire 8 j 



3. To Minibole 6 : though we 

came by the Cave of 
. C'arick which is 8 mile: 
thence to the Chappell : 
32 long miles and stonye 
uneven way : 

4. To Port Patricke 4 miles, 

here wee dined with one 
Thorn : Marchbanke : 

5. To Carick-Fergus in Ire- 

land. 



Lodged. 

Att Mr. Flemmings house : 
good lodging victualls : 7 
persons 65. sterl : and hay 
6d. 

Att Mr. David Weymes. 



Here we baited att Mr. James 
Blares. 

Lodged in Patrick Mac- 
kellen : good ord : 8d. 
good lodging. 

Here wee lodged att one 
Hughe Boydes where wee 
had ord : 6 : good meate 
and 3 a night for hay and 
grass : and 6d. peck pro- 
vender : the best Inne in 
Scottland. 

This day wee went aboard 
about 3 houre, and anchor- 
ed uppon the coast of Ire- 
land under the Isleand 
Mague. 



13 18 ; but clearly 16, see p. 42. 



51 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF SIR JOHN GIBSON, 1655. 



INTEODUCTION. 

Sir John Gibson of Welburn, near Kirkby Moorside, in Yorkshire, 
was bom 20th January, 1605/6 at Crayke, being the eldest son of 
Sir John Gibson of Welburn, High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1630. He 
was educated at York and Cambridge, and on the 18th June, 1629, 
married Penelope, daughter of William Woodhall, Registrar of the 
Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury, by whom he had 
issue twelve sons and three daughters. Many of his children, with 
their mother, were dead before 1655. He was knighted at Dublin, 
3rd April, 1636, by Lord Wentworth, Lord Deputy of Ireland. 

In the Civil War he was Captain of the North Riding Horse on 
the King's side, but surrendered to the Parliament in 1645 or 1646. 
Although he took the Covenant and lived quietly, his estate was 
sequestrated for his delinquency, and he was fined in two sums 
together amounting to 1,000Z. On his agreeing to settle the tithes 
of Welburn, worth 100Z. a year, upon the incumbent of Kirkdale, in 
which parish Welburn is situated, the sum of 400£. was ordered to be 
deducted from his fine. 

His troubles were not at an end, for he was subsequently cast 
into prison, and confined to the old gaol of Durham, which spanned 
the roadway leading into the Bailey, where he spent much of his time 
in writing, the keeper of the gaol at that time being John Jopling. 
Several of his MSS. are in the British Museum, e.g. transcripts of 
sermons, attempts at versification — chiefly devotional — copies of 
letters addressed to unnamed friends, epitaphs, etc. 

Obtaining his release apparently at the Restoration, certainly 
before 30th September, 1662, he died on the 13th June, 1665. 

The Editor's attention wasi directed to Sir John Gibson's auto- 
biography by Dr. Gee. An excellent pedigree of the Diarist's family 
may be found in Mr. J. W. Clay's edition of Dugdale's Visitation 
of Yorkshire, vol. n. p. 387. 



52 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY. 1 



1655. 

Crake it had my infancye, 

Yorke did my youth bringe up, 

Cambridge had my jollitie, 

When I her brestes did sucke. 

London brought me into thraule 

And wed me to a wife. 

Welburne my carefull time had all 

Ioyn'd with a troubled life, 

When uncivill civill warres withall 

Did bloudshed bringe and strife. 

Twelve sonnes my wife Penelope 

And three faire daughters had, 

Which then a comfort was to mee 

And made my heart full glad. 

Death tooke awaye my children deare, 

And at the last my ioye, 

And left me full of care and feare, 

My only hopes a Boye. 

Ireland to me honor gave, 

By makinge me a knight. 

But England did me much enslave, 

Maintaineinge the Kinge's right. 

A Captaine once I was of Horse, 

Under Kinge Charles the Martyr, 

The honor is of much more force 

Than Lordes of the new Charter. 

Durham did my aged yeares 

In prison keepe full fast. 

My daylye crosses still appeares, 

And comes with too swift haste. 

The fa-tall griefe fame in my barton, 

The same to you I saye, 

Is to be banisht from the Churche, 

And my owne Ithica. 

The Decimation of my 'state, 

'Tis not worth valuation. 

I feare 'twill prove a common fate, 

To all of this same Nation. 

British Museum. Additional MS. 37719, folio 167. 



53 

Can I expect freedome to have, 

My master for to see, 

When hee is banisht like a slave 

Into a farr Countrie. 

My glasse is run, my time is spent, 

As plainely you may see, 

Then learne, fond man, now to repent, 

Since 'twill noe better bee. 

In infcelicitate fcelix. 
Per varies casus, per tot discrimina rerum 
Tendimus in latum ccelum. 

Suprema hora 
Prima quies. 

When cruell Atropos doth cut my fatall thred, 
Then shall I be at rest, within my earthy bed. 

Now I expect the Poets common lot, 

Read and commended, and then quite forgot. 

[draft op epitaph.] 

S r John Gibson, Kt. of Welburne, Captaine 
of the North-Rydinge Horse under 
Kinge Charles the 
Martyr. 
This marble square doth his dead ashes presse, 
Not fam'd for curious worke, but comelinesse, 
Scorninge the Artist hand ; as 'twere content, 
To have the honor of his Monument. 
Suprema hora, 
Prima quies. 
gentle Reader doe not him molest ; 
Who ne're in Life had ease ; in Death let rest. 

[here follows a sketch of a coffin.] 

Quisquis es, es pulvis, cineres modo perspice nostros : 
Mortua dum tereti corpora in orbe latent. 

[Several sentences, and quotations chiefly from the Bible, concern- 
ing death, occur on the preceding page and the two pages following.] 



54 



JACOB BEE'S CHRONICLE 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND MORTALITY. 



INTRODUCTION. 

When the extracts from the Diary of Jacob Bee of Durham were 
orinted in Six North Country Diaries it was known from references 
and quotations by Mr. .Surtees in his History of Durham that they 
represented selections made from a larger document then believed 
to have perished. That MS. has been discovered at Mainsforth, and 
by Colonel Surtees has been placed at the service of the Surtees 
Society. As the selections already printed are represented to have 
provided information of interest to those who are conversant with 
the civil, parochial and home life of the city of Durham, it has been 
decided to print in full Bee's Chronicle or register of births, marri- 
ages and mortality. The Editor has been confirmed in this resolu- 
tion by the generosity of his friend, Mr. H. M. Wood, who has not 
only made the transcript but has provided the invaluable proofs 
from the Parish Registers of Durham and elsewhere which, set out 
in the foot-notes, so amply confirm the accuracy of the Diarist. The 
admirable foot-notes of the late Mr. Edward White, F.S.A., 
which enrich the Registers of Durham Cathedral, printed by the 
Harleian Society, have been suggestive as well as useful. 

Since Jacob Bee's Diary was printed some details respecting his 
family have been recovered, and it may be permissible to re-present 
his pedigree : — 



55 

I. Nicholas Bee, of the parish of St. Margaret's, Durham, married first 

at St. Margaret's, 12 June, 1621, Jane Haslebe; and secondly at the 
same church, 15 June, 1624, Barbara Ussie, widow ; by the last named, 
he had issue: — 

Kalph, baptized at St. Margaret's, 31 Oct., 1627, buried, 30 Nov., 

1636. 
Jacob II. 

Margaret, baptized at St. Margaret's, 22 Jan., 1624/5. 
Barbara, baptized at St. Margaret's, 5 Mar., ] 629/ 30; buried, 29 

Aug., 1634. 
Jane, baptized at St. Margaret's, 15 May, 1633; buried, 14 Sept., 
1634. 

II. Jacob Bee, the Diarist, baptized at St. Margaret's, 17 June, 1636, 

married Elizabeth Rabbet, their banns having been published in the 
Market Place, 28 Jan., 1657/8, and registered at St. Margaret's. She 
was buried at that church, 27 Sept., 1710, and he was laid beside her, 
15 January, 1711/2, having had issue : — 
Nicholas III. 
Thomas, baptized at St. Margaret's, 4 Aug., 1661; buried 29 May, 

1671. 
Jacob, baptized at St. Margaret's, 24 April, 1664; buried, 21 Feb., 

1670/1. 
John, baptized at St. Margaret's, 1 Nov., 1670; buried, 2 April. 

1675. 
Margaret, baptized at St. Margaret's, 7 May, 1667; buried, 28 
Oct., 1671. 

III. Nicholas Bee, baptized at St. Margaret's, 22 July, 1658, of Durham, 
afterwards of Garrigill in the parish of Alston; married, first, at St. 
Margaret's, 5 July, 1681, Elizabeth Harason, who, dying in child-birth 
was buried, 10 April, 1684; the name of the second wife has not been 
ascertained. Jacob Bee died at Garrigill, 7 May, 1694, having had 
issue: — 

Anne, baptized at St. Margaret's, 25 June, 1682; married^ 25 

Nov., 1704, Richard Coulson of Gilesgate. 
Jacob, of whom his mother died, died in infancy and was buried 

at St. Margaret's, 1 April, 1684. 
Jacob, son of the second marriage, baptized at St. Margaret's, 

28 May, 1689. 
Elizabeth, born 29 May, 1690. 
Margaret, baptized at St. Margaret's, 23 Oct., 1692; married there 

7 June, 1720, John Robinson. 

The entries to which an asterisk * is prefixed have already been 
printed in Jacob Bee's Diary in Six North Country Diaries, to which 
the student's attention is directed as the foot-notes are not repeated. 

* When the name in the entry and the note differ the latter is in italic. 
The Registers mostly quoted are of churches in the city of Durham. 



56 



BIRTHS. 

1630. 
April 11. John, son of Robert Robinson, white-smith, baptized. 1 

1658. 
July 20. Nicholas Bee was born. 2 

1681. 
Sept. 18. Jonathan Hutchinson, bookseller, was baptized at ye 
years of 21, being Sunday. 

Dec. 31. Francis Middleton, sone to Fran: Middleton, barber, 
was borne. 1 

Feb. 1. Isabell, daughter of Ralph Fisher, was borne, being 
Wednesday. 2 

Feb. 8. Thomas, son to Mr. John Areson, was borne, being 
Wednesday. 3 

1 1630. Apr. 11. John, son of Robert Robinson, baptized, whitesmith. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

2 1658. July 22. Nickholas, son of Jacob Bee, baptized. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

1681. Sept. 18. Jonathan, son of William Hutchinson, baptized. St 
Margaret's Registers. 

1 1681/2. Jan. 10. Francess, son of Francess Meddleton, baptized. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

2 1681/2. Feb. 1. Isabell and Dorathy, both daughters of Ralph 
Fisher, baptized. Ibid. 

3 1681/2. Feb. 21. Thomas, son of John Ayreson, mercer, baptized. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

I. John Ayreson of Durham, alderman and mercer, married at St. Nicholas', 

17 Jan., 1636/7, Margaret, daughter of Mark Forster, town clerk of 
Durham (who, dying during her husband's mayoralty, was buried in 
' St. Nicholas' church, 28 May, 1655). He was mayor in 1648, 1649, and 
1654^ and was laid beside his wife 20 June, 1674. He had issue — 

Christopher, baptized at St. Nicholas', 4 April, 1638, buried in the 

church 15 Dec, 1644. 
John II. 
Thomas, baptized at St. Nicholas', 4 Aug., 1647, buried in the 

church, 2 Aug., 1654. 
Elizabeth, baptized at St. Nicholas', 19 April, 1639, married, 

13 June, 1669, John Homphrey of Brancepeth. 
Mary, baptized at St. Nicholas', Jan., 1641/2, buried in the church 

24 June, 1647. 
Margaret, baptized at St. Nicholas', 8 April, 1645, buried in the 

church, 8 Aug., 1661. 
Frances, baptized at St. Nicholas', 21 June, 1646, married at the 

Cathedral, 7 Feb., 1669/70, Robert Lamb of Durham. 
Matilda, baptized at St. Nicholas', 28 July, 1648. 
Mary, baptized at St. Nicholas', 27 Dec, 1651. 

II. John Ayreson the younger of Durham, mercer, baptized at St. Nicholas', 

16 April, 1643, married, first, Margaret , who was buried in St. 



57 

Feb. 9. Amma, daughter to Mr. John Rayne, attorney at 
law, was borne, being Thursday. 4 

Feb. 13. , son of John, Jackson, shoe-maker, was borne 

the 13th, being Munday; 5 married 14 weeks before and 3 days. 

Feb. 16. William, son of Thomas Trolopp, was borne, being 
Thursday. 6 

Feb. 25. Mary, daughter to William Wissman, was borne be- 
twixt 12 and one in the morning. 7 

Nicholas', 28 Feb., 1675/6, and, secondly, at St. Margaret's, 1 May, 
1681, Hannah Green. John Ayreson was buried 29 July, 1712, and his 
widow on the 2 Jan., 1730/1. He had issue by his first marriage : 
John, baptized at St. Nicholas', 19 April, 1670. 
Alice, baptized at St. Nicholas', 1 Oct., 1671, buried in the church 

23 Dec, 1675. 
Margaret, baptized at St. Nicholas', 24 Feb., 1673/4. 
and by his second marriage : 

Thomas, baptized at St. Nicholas', 21 Feb., 1681/2. 

Christopher III. 

Isabel, baptized at St. Nicholas', 18 July, 1683, buried in the 

church, 18 June, 1690. 
Frances, baptized at St. Nicholas', 12 June, 1687, married, 12 June, 
1714, Nicholas Dixon. 

III. Christopher Ayreson of Durham, grocer, baptized at St. Nicholas', 
8 Sept., 1689, married, at St. Oswald's, 4 May, 1717, Ann Shaw, who 
was buried at St. Nicholas', 11 March, 1754; her husband being laid 
beside her, 4 Jan., 1775. He had issue : 

John IV. 

Christopher, baptized at St. Nicholas', 21 Dec, 1719. 

Thomas, baptized at St. Nicholas', 8 Jan., 1723/4, buried 13 Dec, 

1738. 
George, baptized at St. Nicholas', 12 Feb., 1724/5, buried 4 Jan. , 

1730/1. 
Thomas, baptized at St. Nicholas', 8 Jan., 1723/4 buried 13 Dec, 
1738. 

William, baptized at St. Nicholas', 26 Feb. 1730/1. 
Richard, baptized at St. Nicholas', 16 April, 1734. 
Margaret, baptized at St. Nicholas' 15 Nov., 1721. buried 25 July, 

1722. 
Thomasin, baptized at St. Nicholas', 14 Jan., 1727/8, married, 

25 Sept., 1748, at the same church, Richard Emmerson. 
Anne, baptized at St. Nicholas', 30 Jan., 1736/7, buried 14 June, 

1741. 

IV. John Ayreson of Durham, baptized at St. Nicholas'. 15 June, 1718. 
married at St. Mary-le-Bow, 13 Nov., 1744, Elizabeth Allen and had 
issue. He probably married secondly at St. Nicholas', 23 May, 1762, 
Frances Gale and had further issue. 

4 1681/2. Feb. 16. Emma, daughter of Mr. John Rayne, baptized. 
St, Margaret's Registers. 

5 1681/2. Feb. 19. John, son of John Jackson, cordwainer, baptized. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

6 1681/2. Feb. 21. William, son of Thomass Troolup, baptized. St. 
Margaret's Registers. See Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 93. 

7 1681/2. Mar. 2. Mary, daughter of William Wisman, baptized. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 



58 

1682. 

April 7. Ann, daughter of Mr. John Richardson, was borne, 
being Friday morning about 4. 8 

June 6. Elizabeth, daughter of Tho. Arundall, was borne, being 
Tuesday. 9 

June 15. Ann, daughter of Nicho : Bee, was borne, being Thurs- 
day. 10 

July 13. William, son of Ralph Hall, was borne, being Thurs- 
day. 11 

Aug. 25. Richard, son of Mr. Richard Raw, was borne, being 
Wednesday morning. 12 

*Sept. 28 [mort.] Son of Richard Sofly, was borne, being Thurs- 
day, and Elizabeth Dobinson 13 was her midwife and ye first yt 
ever she [had] laid. 

Sept. 28. Ralph, son to Henry Rippon, was borne, being Thurs- 
day and baptized 1st of October. 14 

Oct. 4. Jacob, son of Thomas Walker, was borne, being 
Wednesday, and baptized the Sunday after. 15 

Oct. 14. Nicholas, son to Thomas Marshall, was borne betwixt 
11 and 12 and being Saturday night. 16 

Nov. 26. Portington, son of Nathaniel Hightley, was borne, 
being Sunday. 17 

Feb. 24. Anthony, son of Anthony Emmerson, was borne, 
being Satterday morning. 18 

1683. 

Mar. 31. Thomas, son of Thomas Trolopp, was borne, being 
Satterday. 19 

8 1682. Apr. 7. Ann, daughter of Mr. John Richardson, born. Ibid. 

9 1682. June 11. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Arrundell, baptized. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

10 1682. June 25. Ann, daughter of Nickolass Bee, baptized. ,57. 
Margaret's Registers. 

11 1682. July 23. William, son of Ralph Hall, baptized. Ibid. 

12 Crossed out in the Diary. 

13 1682. Oct. 3. William, son of Richard Softly, baptized. SU 
Margaret's Registers. 

14 1682. Oct. 1. Ralph, son of Henry Rippon, baptized. Ibid. 

15 1682. Oct. 8. Jacob, son of Thomas Walker, glover, baptized. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

16 1682. Oct. 22. Nickellass, son of Thomas Marchell, baptized. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

17 1682. Dec. 5. Portington, son of Nathaniell Highley, baptized. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

18 1682/3. Feb. 27. Anthony, son of Anthony Emmerson, baptized. 
St. Giles' Registers. 

19 1683. April 9. Thomas, son of Mr. Thos. Trollup, baptized. 8U 
Margaret's Registers. See Surtees, Durham, vol. i, p. 39. 



59 

Aug. 1. William, son of Robert Sofley, was borne, being 
Wednesday. 20 

Nov. 24. William, son of John Maddeson, was borne, being 
Saterday night about 8 o'clock. 1 

Dec. 30. Cuthbert, son of John Rayne, was borne, being Sunday. 

Jan. 30. -, daughter of Matthew Shaw, was borne, being 

Wednesday. 2 

Feb. 24. Jane, daughter of Thomas Arundall, was borne, being 
Sunday. 3 

1684. 

Sept. 29. Mr. Kitchin's boy was borne. 

Oct. 19. Thomas, son of Ralph Rennoldson, was borne, being 
Munday. 4 

Oct. 25. Frances, daughter of Mr. Thomas Taylorson, was 
borne, being Satterday morning. 5 

Nov. 17. Bess Lodge's baster child, was borne, being Monday. 

Dec. 3. Ann, daughter of James Poulson, was borne, being 
Wednesday. 6 

Feb. 28. Mr. John Hutchinson's daughter, late Mayor of 
Durham, was born, being Satterday, being called by ye name of 
7 

Feb. 28. Mr. John Hutchinson's .daughter Jane was borne, 
being Satterday. 

1685. 

July 14. Thomas, son of Henry Dobinson, was borne, being 
Tuesday at night. 

Aug. 10. Ann, daughter of John Dothwaite, was borne, being 
Munday. 

Oct. 6. Thomas, son of Nicholas Collison, was borne, being 
Wednesday. 8 

20 1683. Aug. 5. William, son of Robertt Softly, baptized. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

1 1683. Dec. 2. William, son of John Maddeson, baptized. Ibid. 

2 1683/4. Feb. 5: Elinor, daughter of Mathew Shaw, white-smith, 
baptized. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

3 1683/4. Mar. 2. Jaine, daughter of Thomas Arrundell, baptized. 
Ibid. 

4 1684. Oct. 26. Thomass, son of Ralph Reneldson, baptized. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

5 1684. Oct. 25. Margarett, daughter of Mr. Thomas Taylerson, 
baptized. Ibid. 

5a 1684. Nov. 25. Isabell, daughter of Margaret Lodge, a basterd, 
baptized. Ibid. 

6 1684. Dec. 9. Ann, daughter^ of James Powlson, baptized. Ibid. 

7 1684/5. Mar. 2. Elener, daughter of Mr. John Hutchinson, baptized. 
Ibid. 

8 1685. Oct. 11. Thomas, son of Nickellass Collinson, baptized. Ibid. 



60 

Oct. 18. Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Browne, was baptized. 9 
Jan. 30. Francis, daughter of Frank Kitching, was borne, being 
Satterday. 10 

1686. 

May 28. George, son of John Maddinson, was borne at 2 in 
morning, being Friday. 11 

Sept. 24. Bese Eggleston's baster child was borne, being 
Friday. 12 

Oct. 3. Nann Allinson two bastards, gotten by Reachy, an 
exciseman, was borne but dead at birth, being Sunday. 

Feb. 18. Sussana, daughter of Doctor Arnold, was borne, 
being Friday. 128, 

1687. 

Dec. 9. Elizabeth, daughter of John Maddinson, was borne, 
being Thursday morning. 13 

1688. 

*June 10. The supposed Prince of Wailes was borne, being 
Sunday. 

June 10. And that day Joseph, son of John Richardson, mer- 
chant, was born. 14 

1689. 

May 19. Jacob, son of Nicholas Bee, was borne, being Whit- 
sunday this year. 15 

June 11. Robert, Alice Woodmas' girle (sic), was borne, being 
Sunday. 16 

1690. 

Mar. 30. Robert Wilson's daughter Jane, was baptized, being 
Sunday. 17 

9 1685. Oct. 18. Dorrathy, daughter of Thomas Brown, baptized. 
Ibid. 

10 1685/6. Feb. 9. Frances, daughter of Francess Kitchin, baptized. 
Ibid. 

11 1686. June 6. George, son of John Maddeson, baptized. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

12 1686. Sept. 26. Elizabeth, daughter of Elizabeth Eggelstone, a 
bastard, baptized. Ibid. 

12a 1686/7. Feb. 24. Dorathy, daughter of Mr. John Fratherick 
Arnold, baptized. Ibid. 

13 1687. Dec. 13. Elizabeth, daughter of John Maddeson, baptized. 
Ibid. 

14 1688. June 19. Joseph, son of Mr. John Richardson, baptized. Ibid. 

15 1689. May 28. Jacob, son of Nicholas Bee, baptized. Ibid. 

16 1689. Julv 4. Alice, daughter of Mr. Robert Woodmas, baptized. 
Ibid. 

17 1690. Mar. 30. Jane, daughter of Eobert Wilson, baptized. Ibid. 



61 

May 29. Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Bee, was borne, being 
Thursday. 

June 28. Petter, son of James Harry, was born, being Setter- 
day, betwixt 7 and 8 of ye clock at night. 17a 

Aug. 3. Edward, son of John Maddinson, was borne, being 
Sunday. 18 

Feb. 24. Jane, daughter of Henry Dobinson, was borne, being 
Tuesday. 

1691. 

April 30. John, son of John Thompson, tallow chandler, was 
borne, being Thursday. 19 

Oct. 3. William Baxter's boy was borne, being Satterday, 
between ye hours of 10 and 11 of ye forenoon. 20 

Oct. 3. Thomas, son of William Baxter, was borne, being 
Satterday. 

Nov. 13. Richard, son of John Lambe, was borne, being Friday, 
one quarter before 9 in ye morning. 1 

1692. 

April 15. Thomasin Sofley's bastard child was borne, being 
Friday: la 

May 28. Hugh Hutchinson's first borne girle was borne, being 
Satterday. 2 

June 9. Andrew Wedd ell's first borne girl was borne, being 
Thursday. 

Oct. 8. Margaret, daughter of Nicholas Bee, was borne, being 
Satterday. 3 

Dec. 8. John, son of George Sheifeild, was borne, being 
Thursday. 4 

Dec. 28. , son of Mr. Thomas Lassells, was borne, being 

Wednesday. 5 

17a 1690. July 13. Peter, son of James Harry, baptized. Ibid. 

18 1690. July 10. Edward, son of John Maddison, baptized. Ibid. 

19 1691. May 10. John, son of John Thompson, tallow chandler, 
baptized. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

20 1691. Oct. 12. Thomas, son of William Baxter, baptized. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

1 1691. Nov. 22. Richard, son of John Lamb, baptized. Ibid. 

la 1692. April 19. Joseph, son of Richard Sofley, baptized. Ibid. 

2 1692. June 14. Frances, daughter of Hugh Hutchinson, baptized. 
Ibid. 

3 1692. Oct. 23. Margarett, daughter of Nicholas Bee, baptized. Ibid. 

* 1692. Dec. 19. John, son of George Shaffield, baptized. Ibid. 

5 1692. Dec. 29. William, son of Mr. Thomas Lassells, baptized. Ibid. 



62 

1693. 

April 22. , daughter of William Norman, was borne at night, 

being Satterday. 6 

April 22. And Dr. Morton his child to his latter wife, was borne 
about ye same time, Satterday night. 7 

Aug. 3. Ollimpa Frappert was borne, being Thursday and 
dyed ye 27 of November '93. 

Nov. 22. Elizabeth, daughter of William. Baxter, was borne, 
being Friday, one quarter of an hour before 10 in the morning. 8 

Dec. 21. Thomason Trolopp and Thomasin Hutchinson, 
daughters to Mr. Trollop 9 and Richard Hutchinson, was borne, being 
Thursday . 

Jan. 15. James La-sley, his boy, was borne, being Munday. 
*Feb. 2. William Rocksby, Bet Conyers' husband of Sunder- 
land, saylor, his boy was borne, being Friday. 

Feb. 20. John, son of Thomas Dobinson, was borne upon 
Shrove Tuesday. 10 

Feb. 23. Mary, daughter of Mr. Gabriell Swainston, was borne, 
being Friday. 11 

1694. 

June 29. Mr. Trotter's boy was borne, Mr. Wilkinson's son- 
in-law. 12 

July 7. John, Philip Stoot's boy was borne, being Sunday. 13 

Aug. 15. , son of Alderman Tweddell, was borne, being 

Wednesday and dyed ye 25th of April '95, being Friday. 14 

Aug. 31. , son of Joseph Coulson, was borne. 

Jan. 27. Ralph, son of Ralph Rennoldson, was borne, being 
Sunday 15 and dyed this life ye 16th of January 1695/6. 

6 1693. Apr. 25. William, son of William Normond, baptized. Ibid. 

7 1693. May 1. Ositha, daughter of Dr. Morton, baptized. Cathedral 
Registers. Dr. John Morton was a prebendary of Durham and archdeacon 
of Northumberland. 

8 1693. Dec. 28. Elizabeth, daughter of William Baxter, baptized. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

9 1693/4. Jan. 2. Thomasin, daughter of Mr. Thomas Trollupp, 
baptized. Ibid. 

10 1693/4. Mar. 4. John, son of Thomas Dobinson, baptized. Ibid. 

11 1693/4. Mar. 5. Mary, daughter of Mr. Gabriell Swainston, baptized. 
Ibid. 

12 1694. July 2. John, son of John Trotter, esq., baptized. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

13 1694. July 22. John, son of Phillipp Stout, baptized. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

14 1694. Sept. 2. John, son of Mr. George Tweddell, mercer and alder- 
man, baptized. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

15 1694/5. Feb. 3. George, son of Ralph Rennoldson, baptized. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 



63 

1695. 

Oct. 14. Gabriell, son of Mr. Gab. Swainston, was borne, being 
Munday, betwixt 4 and 5 in ye morning. 16 

Oct. 23. Robert, son of James Richardson, was borne, being 
Wednesday, 6 months after marriage. 17 

*Nov. 9. Charles Hadson's two twins was borne, being Satter- 
day. 

Dec. 2. Frances,, daughter of John Harry, was borne, being 
Munday. 18 

Feb. 27. Mary, daughter of Nick Richardson, was borne 
upon Ash Wednesday. 19 

1696. 

Aug. 2. Robert, son of William Norman, was borne, being 
Sunday. 20 

1697. 

April 5. Ann, daughter of Mr. Gabriell Swainston, was borne, 
being Easter Munday. 1 

May 8. Elizabeth, daughter of William Pearson, shoe maker, 
was borne about 3 o'clock in the morning, being Satterday. 2 

Sept. 25. Edward, son of John Harry, was borne, being Mun- 
day morning. 3 

Dec. 1. , son of Charles Hudson, was borne, being Wed- 
nesday, in the afternoon. 4 

Dec. 1. Thomas, son of Thomas Peckton, was borne, being 
Wednesday a night betwixt 9 and 10. 5 

Mar. 15. Thomas, son of Peter Milner, was born, being Tuesday, 
about two of ye clock in ye morning. 6 

16 1695. Oct. 14. Gabriell, son of Mr. Gabriell Swainston, baptized. 
Ibid. 

17 1695. Nov. 3. Robert, son of James Richardson, baptized.. Ibid. 

18 1695. Dec. 15. Frances, daughter of John Harrey, baptized. Ibid. 

19 1695/6 Mar. 23. Mary, daughter of Nicholas Richardson, baptized. 
Ibid. 

20 1696. Aug. 9. Robert, son of William Normond, baptized. Ibid. 

1 This entry is crossed out in Diary but, ' 1697, May 4, Anne, daughter of 
Mr. Gabriel Swainston,' baptized. Ibid. 

2 1697. May 23. Elizabeth, daughter of William Pearson, baptized. 
Ibid. 

3 1697. Oct. 10. Edmond, son of John Harrey, baptized. Ibid. 

* 1697. Dec. 18. Charles, son of Charles Hudson, baptized. Ibid. 

5 1697. Dec. 14. Thomas, son of Thomas Peckton, baptized. Ibid. 

6 1698. Mar. 27. Thomas, son of Peter Milner, baptized. Ibid. 



64 

1G98. 

Aug. 8. Frances, daughter of Nick Richardson, was borne at 
night, being Friday. 7 

Sept. 9. Mathew, son of Mathew Wright, was borne, being 
Friday morning. 8 

Jan. 5. Ann, daughter of Henry Wisman, was borne, being 
Thursday. 9 

1699. 

Jan. 9. Margery, daughter of Mr. John Hall, merchant, was 
borne, being Tuesday. 10 

Jan. 30. Margaret, daughter of Mr. Gab. Swainston, was borne, 
being Tuesday. 11 

Feb. 16. James, son of James Poulson, was borne, being Satter- 
day" 

Mar. 1. , son of John Wills, was borne, being Friday. 13 

1700. 

June 10. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Dent, was borne, being 
Munday, and baptized the 23rd of June after. 14 

June 16. Christo : son of John Coulson, was borne about 6 of the 
clock in the morning. 15 

June 24. Frances Grieves' two twins was borne, being Satterday. 

Nov. 30. Andrew, son of John Milbourne, was borne, being 
Satterday morning. 16 

Dec. 28. Peter, son of Peter Miller, was borne, being Satter- 
day, at night. 17 

7 1698. Aug. 28. Frances, daughter of Nicholas Richardson, black- 
smith, baptized. Ibid. 

8 1698. Sept. 27. Matthew, son of Matthew Wright of Crossgate, 
taylor, baptized. Ibid. 

9 1698/9. Jan. 29. Anne, daughter of Henry Wiseman, cordwayner, in 
Crossgate, baptized. Ibid. 

10 1699/1700. Jan. 31. Margery, daughter of Mr. John Hall, Crossgate, 
merchant, baptized. St. Margaret's Registers. 

11 1699/1700. Feb. 11. Margaret, daughter of Mr. Gabriel Swainston, 
Crossgate, prockter, baptized. Ibid. 

12 1699/1700. Feb. 15. James, son of James Poulson of Crossgate, dyer, 
baptized. Ibid. 

13 1699/1700. Mar. 21. Edward, son of Jo n Wills of Crossgate, barber, 
baptized. Ibid. 

14 1700. June 23. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Dent of Crossgate, 
cordweyner, baptized. Ibid. 

15 1700. July 7. Thomas, son of John Coulson of Crossgate, roper, 
baptized. Ibid. 

16 1700. Dec. 15. Andrew, son of John Milburne, miller, of Crossgate, 
baptized. Ibid. 

17 1700/1. Jan. 14. Peter, son of Peter More of Crossgate, baptized. 
Ibid. 



65 

Jan. 12. Margaret, second daughter of Mr. John Hall, was 
borne, being Sunday. 18 

1701. 

April 28. Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Swainston, was borne, being 
Sunday. 19 

July 28. Dorothy, daughter of Nich : Richardson, was borne, 
being Munday, about 1 m the morning. 

July 1. Elizabeth, daughter of John Hood, shoe-maker, was 
borne, being Tuesday. 20 

Nov. 2. John Bowey, Backhouse man's daughter was baptized, 
being Sunday. 1 

Jan. 25. Thomas Reed's daughter, tanner, was born, being 
Sunday. 2 

1702. 

Sept. 30. William, son of Mr. William Suretise, was borne, being 
Wednesday. 3 

Oct. 31. Burdon, son of Christopher Burrell, was borne, being 
Satterday. 4 

Nov. 29. John, son of Mr. John Richardson, was borne, being 
Sunday. 5 

Jan. 21. Fran, son of Francis Middleton junior, was borne, 
being Thursday. 

Jan. 24. Mary, daughter of John Coulson, smith, was borne, 
at night. 6 

Feb. 3. John and Thomas, sons of Thomas Richardson, twins, 
was borne, being Wednesday. 7 

18 1700/1. Jan. 28. Margarett, daughter of John Hall, Crossgate, 
grocer, baptized. Ibid. 

19 1701. May 7. Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Gabriel Swainston, Cross- 
gate, baptized. Ibid. 

20 1701. July 13. Eliz., daughter of John Hude of Framwelgate, 
labourer, baptized. Ibid. 

1 1701. Nov. 2. Elizabeth, daughter of John Bowey of Crossgate, 
labourer, baptized. Ibid. 

2 1701/2. Feb. 10. Jane, daughter of Thomas Reed of Framwelgate, 
tanner, baptized. Ibid. 

3 1702. Oct. 13. William, son of Will Suretas, yeoman, baptized. Ibid. 

4 1702. Nov. 9. Burdon, son of Christopher Burrell, baptized. Ibid. 

5 1702. Dec. 1. John, son of John Richardson, the younger, Crossgate, 
baptized. Ibid. 

6 1702/3. Feb. 8. (blank) son of John Coulson, Crossgate, baptized. 
Ibid. 

7 1702/3. Feb. 17. Tho. and John, sons of Tho. Richardson, smith, 
Crossgate, baptized. Ibid. 

5 



66 

1703. 

Mar. 26. , daughter of Mr. Swainston, was borne, being 

Good Friday. 8 

June 20. , daughter of Thomas Armstrong, was born be- 
twixt one and two in the morning. 9 

Aug. 8. Ralph, son of William Sherewood, was borne, being 
Sunday. 10 

Sept. 6. John, son of John Wills, was borne, being Munday 
morne. 11 

1704. 

Sept. 5. Robert White, weaver, his boy was borne, being a 
great rejoycing day. 12 

1705. 

Sept. 9. John, son of John Coulson, was borne, being 
Sunday. 13 

Feb. 1. Margery, daughter of Mr. Andrews, was borne, being 
Friday. 14 

Feb. 3. , daughter of William Sherewood, was borne, 

being Sunday, about 11 of ye clock. 

1706. 

Sept. 13. Thomas, son of Jacob Holland, was borne, being 
Sunday. 

Oct. 5. Ann, daughter of Richard Coulson, was borne Satter- 
day betwixt 9 and 10 in the morn. 15 

Jan. 26. Thomas Dent's youngest boy was borne, being 
Sunday. 16 

8 1703. Mar. 30. Mary, daughter of Gabriel Swainston, baptized. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

9 1703. July 11. Rebecca, daughter of Tho. Armstrong, Crossgate, 
baptized. Ibid. 

10 1703. Aug. 22. Ralph, son of William Sherwood, Crossgate, 
baptized. Ibid. 

11 1703. Sept. 28. Edward, son of John Wills, Crossgate, baptized. 
Ibid. 

12 1704. Sept. 24. Robert, son of Robert White, Crossgate, baptized. 
Ibid. 

13 1705. Sept. 27. John, son of John Coulson, baptized. Ibid. 

14 1705/6. Feb. 19. Margery, daughter of John Andrew, Framwelgate, 
baptized. Ibid. 

15 1706. Oct. 20. Anne, daughter of Richard Coulson, baptized. St. 
Giles' Registers. 

16 1706/7. Jan. 26. Thomas, son of Thomas Dent, born. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 



67 

1707. 

May 26. , daughter of Robert White, was born. 17 

June 19. Mrs. Jane Tempest's daughter was borne. 18 
June 24. Mr. Burdess his daughter was born. 19 

1709. 

May 5. Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Coulson, was borne, 
being Tuesday at night. 20 

1711. 

Deo. 21. Thomas, son of Richard Coulson, was borne, being 
Friday. 20 * 



17 1707. June 15. Anne, daughter of Robert White of Crossgate, 
weaver, baptized. Ibid. 

18 1707. June 19. Jane, daughter of Mr. John Tempest, esq., born and 
baptized. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

19 1707. June 24. Mary, daughter of Mr. Thomas Burdas of Fram- 
welgate, baptized. St. Margaret's Registers. 

Thomas Burdus of Durham, barrister-at-law, married Elizabeth, only 
surviving daughter of Thomas Mascall of Durham, attorney, by his wife, 
Mary, daughter of Timothy Whittingham of Holmside. Mrs. Burdus 
'diffusive in her charity to the poor and courteous in her deportment 
towards all/ died 28 September, 1741, and was buried in St. Margaret's 
where there is an inscription to her memory. 

20 1709. May 29. Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Coulson, baptized. 
St. Giles' Registers. 

21 1711. Dec. 30. Thomas, son of Richard Coulson, baptized. Ibid. 



68 



MARRIAGES 

A particular marriage in the year 1677, November 4. 

Nov. 4. The Prince of Orange was married to the Lady Mary, 
the present King of England's daughter, James the Second, being 
the eldest daughter, being Sunday. 

1681. 

July 17. Thomas Arundall and Rett Murton was married, being 
Sunday. 1 

*Sept. 5. John Phillipson, taylor, and Katherin Rowell was 
married the 5th of September, being Monday, with a lawles minister 
at Newcastle. 

Oct. 29. Allis Dothwaite was married to Henry Dobinson, being 
Satterday. 2 

Oct. 1. Andrew Milner and Christopher Fenwick's daughter 
was married, being All Saints' Day. 3 

Nov. 15. Susana Yeansley — Jefferson's maid — was married to 
an Auckland man, being Tuesday. 4 

Dec. 6. Mr. Robert Reed, apothecary, was married, being 
Tuesday. 5 

1 1681. July 17. Thomas Arundell and Elizabeth Morton was married 
by licence. St. Nicholas' Registers 

2 1681. Oct. 29. Henry Dobbinson and Alice Dowthwaite, both of the 
parish of Branspeth, married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

3 1681. Nov. 1. Andrew Milner and Jaine Fen wick, spinster, by 
licence, married. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

* 1681. Nov. 15. James Clarke and Susana Ansly, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

5 1681. Dec. 8. Robert Reed and Isabell Lanchester, spinster, married. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

I. Robert Reed apparently had no issue by his wife, Isabel Lancaster, who 

was buried at St. Oswald's, 7 June, 1683. He married, secondly, Jane 

who survived him. He was laid beside his first wife, 14 May, 

1714. He had (perhaps with other) issue: — 

Robert, baptized at St. Nicholas', 13 Oct., 1687. 

Thomas II. 

Ann, baptized at St. Nicholas', 20 May, 1686. 

II. Thomas Reed of Durham, apothecary and surgeon, baptized at St. 

Nicholas', 5 Sept., 1689; died, 11 Nov., 1761, aged 72, and was buried at 
St. Oswald's where there is a long Latin inscription to his memory. 
By his wife, Catherine, who died 2 Sept., 1789, aged 79, he had (with 
other) issue : — 

Thomas Reed, baptized at St. Nicholas', 30 July, 1730, and dying, 
7 Feb., 1786, aged 56 was buried at St. Oswald's. 

Edward John III. 

William, baptized at St. Nicholas', 26 May, 1740. 

III. Edward John Reed of Durham, surgeon, baptized at St. Nicholas', 
8 May, 1735; died, 14 July, 1767, aged 32, and was buried at St. 
Oswald's in his father's tomb. He had issue: — 

Thomas Reed, baptized at St. Nicholas', 27 April, 1763. 
Catherine Esther, baptized at St. Nicholas', 22 Feb., 1764. 



69 

Feb. 25. John Duckett, blacksmith, was married, being 
Satterday. 6 

1682. 

April 25. Anthony Allinson was married, being Tuesday. 7 

May 18. Bartholomew Browne, white-smith, was married, 
being Thursday. 8 

May 21. Richard Vasey was married, being Sunday. 9 

July 30. Jonathan Hutchinson was married, being Sunday. 10 

Aug. 1 . Thomas Burnup was married to Nell Bell sister, being 
Tuesday. 11 

Sept. 20. Andrew Wilkinson and Nan Burdiss was married, 
being Wednesday. 12 

Oct. 24. George Walton and Phillis Lee, of Broome, was mar- 
ried, being Tuesday. 13 

Dec. 28. Mr. George Parkinson and Mrs. Stokeld was married, 
being Thursday. 14 

Jan. 31. Ralph Gelson was married to Ann Binion, being 
Wednesday. 15 

Feb. 11. Mathew Shaw was married to a widow in Newcastle, 
being Sunday. 16 

Feb. 19. Thomas Palmer was married, being Munday. 17 

' 1681/2. Feb. 25. John Duckett and Mary Harason married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

7 1682. Apr. 25. Anthony Alinson and Alezes Merington, married. 
Ibid. 

8 1682. May 18. Barterim Brown and Mary Waide, married. Ibid. 

9 1682. May 21. Richard Vase and Mary Warde, married. Ibid. 

10 1682. July 30. Mr. Jonathan Hutchinson and Ann Maddison, 
married. St, Giles' Registers. 

11 1682. Aug. 1. Thomas Burnup and Elizabeth Wild, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

12 1682. Sept. 20. Andrew Wilkinson and Anne Burdess, married. 
Cathedral Registers. 

13 1682. Oct. 25. George Walton, parish of Witton Gilbert, and Phillis 
Lee, widow, of Broome, within this parish, married by licence. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

14 1682. Dec. 28. Mr. George Parkinson and Mrs. Mary Stokeld, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

15 1682/3. Jan 31. Raiph Gelson and Jaine Binyon, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

16 1682/3. Feb. 10. Matthew Shaw of Durham and Margaret Davison 
of Newcastle, married with lie. Gateshead Registers. 

17 1682/3. Feb. 19. Thomas Palmer and Anne Mason, married. 
Cathedral Registers. 



70 

1683. 

April 15. Charles Hudson, ye London baker, was married, being 
Sunday. 18 

May 1. Stephen Maugham wasi married to Gilbert Watson's 
daughter, being Tuesday. 19 

May 6. Mr. William Hodshon was married to Ann Paxton,. 
being Sunday. 19 * 

May 12. Henry Havers was married to Sarah Buttery, being 
Saterday. 20 

May 12. George Foster and Margrett Hand's maid was married, 
being Satterday. 1 

Aug. 19. Ralph Trotter and Margret Ladler was married at 
Abbey Church, being Sunday. 

Aug. 20. John Hunter, a ourrier, was married to William 
Kirkle's daughter, being Munday. 2 

18 1683. April 15. Charles Hudson and Elizabeth Ridley, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

19 1683. May 1. Stephen Mawan and Elizabeth Watson, married. 
Ibid. 

19a I. George Hodgson of Durham, alderman and mercer, was mayor in 

1671. By his wife, Matilda, who survived him and was buried in St. 

Nicholas' church, 26 May, 1692, he had (perhaps with other) issue : — 

William II. 

Charles Hodgson, baptized, St. Nicholas', 31 May, 1663 [of Durham, 

apothecary, buried, 26 Sept., 1718]. 
George, baptized, St. Nicholas', 4 Feb., 1665/6; buried in the 

church, 20 June, 1666. 
Mark, of Durham, mercer, baptized, St. Nicholas', 14 July, 1667; 

buried in the church, 13 Mar., 1699/1700. 
John, baptized, St. Nicholas', 19 June, 1669; buried, 1 July, 1669. 
Peter, baptized, St. Nicholas', 12 Aug., 1673; buried, 27 Nov., 1674. 
II. William Hodgson of Durham, alderman and mercer, baptized at St. 
Nicholas', 6 Feb., 1661/2, mayor in 1694, was buried in the same church, 
12 May, 1706. By his wife, Ann (daughter of Nicholas) Paxton, he had 
issue: — 

William, baptized, St. Nicholas', 6 June, 1686. 

George, baptized, St. Nicholas', 13 Dec, 1687; buried, 9 Jan., 

1687/8. 
Nicholas, baptized, St. Nicholas', 1 May, 1689. 
John, baptized, St. Nicholas', 6 May., 1691; buried, St. Oswald's, 

6 May, 1707, registered at St. Nicholas'. 
George, baptized, St. Nicholas', 24 Aug., 1696. 
Ann, baptized, St. Nicholas', 31 Mar., 1684; buried, 31 July, 1689. 
Matilda, baptized at St. Nicholas', 23 May, 1692. 
Elizabeth, baptized, St. Nicholas', 22 Sept., 1693, buried, 16 July, 

1694. 
Eleanor, baptized, St. Nicholas', 15 Sept., 1697/8. 
20 1683. May 12. Henry Havers, of this parish, and Sarah Buttery, of 
the parish of St. Nicholas', married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1 1683. May 12. George Forster and Mary Maddison, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

2 1683. Aug. 20. John Hunter and Elizabeth Kerkly, married. St, 
Margaret's Registers. 



71 

*Aug. 22. Jane, daughter to Richard Hutchinson, Trimdon Dock, 
was married to one Kitchin, being Wednesday. 3 

Oct. 14. Thomas Taylorson and Bett Frizell was supposed to be 
married, being Sunday. 

Oct. 23. Jacob Jackson and Katherin Lowther was married, 
being Tuesday. 4 

Oct. 23. William Preston and Ann Fisher was married the same 
day. 5 

Nov. 5. George Jackson, milner, and Doll Huntley's daughter 
was married, being Munday. 5a 

*Nov. 11. Margret, daughter to Henry Kirkhouse, was married 
to Henry Britton, servant to ye Esquire of Newton, being Sunday. 

Feb. 5. Ralph Rowell, mayson, was married to Ann Watson, 
being Tuesday. 6 

Feb. 5. Thomas Hopper, shoemaker, was married to Bett 
Stott, Hugh Stott's daughter, being Tuesday. 7 

•Mar. 2. Mr. Thomas Buttery, attorney at law, was married to 
Elizabeth Browne, Richard Browne's daughter, the sexton of Fram- 
welgat Church, being Sunday. 

1684. 

April 1. Mr. Thomas Taylorson was married to Betty Frizell 
upon Easter Tuesday. 8 

April 8. Ralph Renmoldson and Margret Sherewood was mar- 
ried, being Tuesday. 9 

April 28. Arthur Bell and Bett Jackson, both servants to Mr. 
Stephen Thompson, was married being Munday. 10 

*May 1. Richard Williamson, commonly Lapper, or Lapthorne, 
was married to Jane Ingeham, being Thursday. 

May 1. Robert Wilson was married to Allis Rowell, being 
Thursday. 11 

June 8. Henry Robson, which was Backhouse man of Elvett, 
was married to Mary Coltman, being Sunday. 12 

3 1683. Aug. 22. Frances Hitching and Jane Hutchinson, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

* 1683. Oct. 23. Jacob Jackson and Catherin Lowder, married. Ibid. 

5 1683. Oct. 23. William Preston and Ann Fisher, married. Ibid. 

5a 1683. Nov. 9. George Jackson and Susanna Crawhall, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1683/4. Feb. 5. Ralph Rowell and Ann Watson, married. Ibid. 

7 1683/4. Feb. 5. Thomass Hopper and Elizabeth Stoote, married. 
Ibid. 

8 See entry under 14 October, 1683. 

9 1684. April 8. Ralph Reneldson and Margarett Sherwood, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

10 1684. April 28. Auther Bell and Elizabeth Jackson, married. Ibid. 

11 1684. May 1. Robart Wilson and Alezs Rowell, married. Ibid. 

12 1684. June 8. Henry Robson and Mary Coultman, married. Ibid. 



72 

Aug. 31. William Huson, carrier, was married to John Midford's 
sister, being Sunday. 13 

Aug. 31. Edward Hodshon, milner, was married upon Sunday. 14 

Nov. 16. William Conyers, carpenter, was married to George 
Jackson's sister, the milner, this being his third wife, being Sunday. 15 
*Nov. 18. Francis Middleton to a woman out in Ilellgate, 16 
being Tuesday. 

Nov. 25. George Atkinson was married at Stockton, being 
Tuesday. 

Nov. 23. Stephen Hodgson, barber, was married to Ann 
Bryers, being Sunday. 17 

Dec. 4. Magdalin Stott, Edward Stot's daughter, was married 
to a straynger, being Thursday — Matthew Stott's sister, the roper. 18 

Dec. 14. John Atkinson, shoemaker, was married to Katherin 
Ladler, being Sunday morne. 19 

*Feb. 28. Ann Allinson, Thomas Allinson daughter, skinner, 
was married to a country boucher, being Satterday. 

1685. 

*April 23. Judeth Sherewood was married to a taylor, of Hexham, 

being Thursday, the King's Coronation-day. 

May 5. Richard Padman was married to Margaret Natras, 

being Tuesday. 20 

May 12. John Mountaine, taylor, was married, being Tuesday. 1 
June 14. John Stoot, sadler, was married, being Sunday. 2 
June 16. Thomas Browne, of Tuday, was married to a Chester 

lass. 

July 28. John Lambe and Jane Teasdall was married. 3 

13 1684. Aug. 31. William Hewitson and Dorrathy Poulton, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

14 1684. Aug. 31. Edward Hodshon and Jaine Olliver, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

15 1684. Nov. 16. William Connyers and Ann Jackson, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

16 Ilellgate = Gilligate or Gilesgate. 

17 . 1684. Nov. 23. Stephen Hodgson and Anne Breers, married by 
licence. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

18 1684. Dec. 4. Robartt Lawson and Magdalen Stoot, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

19 1684. Dec. 14. John Atkinson and Catherine Ladler, spinster, 
married by licence. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

20 1685. May 5. Richard Padman, parish of St. Nicholas', and Mar- 
garet Nattress, of this parish, married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1 1685. May_ 12. John Mounton and Susanna Harason, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

2 1685. June 14. John Stout and Anne Chapman, spinster, married. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

3 1685. July 28. John Lambe and Jane Tesdall, married. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 



73 

Aug. 4. Mathew Browne, son to Richard Browne, milner, was 
married to John Darby's daughter, being Tuesday. 4 

Sept. 3. Mr. Montague and Madam Foster was married, being 
Thursday. 5 

Oct. 1. Roger Thornton was married, being Thursday. 6 

Oct. 22. Ralph Hall was married to Robert Farrow's maid, 
being Thursday. 7 

Nov. 17. Michael Browne was married to Elizabeth Swann, 
being Tuesday. 8 

*Nov. 24. " Doctor Dick Smith was married to Pegg Wappe being 
Tuesday. 

Dec. 29. John Middleton, esq., a barrister at law, was married 
to Mrs. Ann Harrison, Mrs. Craddock's cozen, being Tuesday. 9 

Feb. 5. Mathew Marshall was married, being Friday. 

Feb. 14. George Marley, lymner, was married to Ellinor Forcer, 
being Sunday. 10 

1686. 

May 2. Thomas Dixon, mayson, and Elizabeth Dods was mar- 
ried, being Sunday. 11 

4 1685. Aug. 4. Matthew Browne and Mary Darbishire, both of this 
parish, married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

5 1685. Sept. 3. Charles Montague, armiger, and Elizab. Foster, mar- 
ried. Cathedral Registers. 

He was son of the Hon. George Montague, and grandson of Henry, first 
Earl of Manchester. An account of Charles Montague, who founded the 
Bank of England, and of his other great services to the State, for which he 
was created Baron Halifax, may be found in Macaulay, History of England, 
vol. iv. His first wife was Elizabeth, daughter and eventually heiress of 
Francis Forster, of Easington Grange, in the parish of Bamburgh, which 
Francis was a younger son of Thomas Forster of Adderstone. 

6 1685. Oct. 1. Roger Thornton and Isabell Guy, married. St. Mar- 
garet's Register. 

7 1685. Oct. 22. Ralph Hall and Elizabeth Littellton, married. Ibid. 

8 1685. Nov. 17. Mickell Brown and Elizabeth Swan, married. Ibid. 

9 1685. Dec. 29. John Midleton and Anne Harrison, married. Cath- 
edral Registers. 

John Middleton, third son of Nathaniel Middleton, of the city of 
Durham, was baptised at St. Nicholas', 28 March, 1659, and was entered at 
Oray's Inn, 27 November, 1677; he was elected Recorder of Durham, 3 June, 
1696, and was buried at the church where he was baptized on the 21st 
February, 1702/3. His wife, by whom he had issue two sons and eight 
daughters, was Anne, daughter of John Harrison, of Scarborough. See 
Surtees, Durham, vol .iv., p. 168. 

10 1685/6. Feb. 14. George Marley and Elinor Forcer, married. Esh 
Registers. 

11 1686. May 2. Thomas Dixson and Elizabeth Dodds, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 



74 

*June 8. Mathew Wright and Elizabeth. Bryson was married, 
and a great deal of thunder and raine, being Tuesday. 

Aug. 3. Isabell Dixon, daughter to Nicholas Dixon, was 
married to Christopher Ramsey. 12 

Aug. 31. John Sympson was married to the widow of Katter- 
house, near Durham, Thomas Parkin's widow, and he William Simp- 
son's brother, milner. 13 

*Aug. 31. Magdalin Barnsfather and John Holdmystafe, alias 
Smith, was married. 

Sept. 14. Simon Hutchinson and Elizabeth Kemp Robinson 
was married; Edward Robinson's widow. 14 

Oct. 12. Nicholas Paxton, junior, was married to Deborah 
Midleton, being Tuesday. 15 

12 1686. Aug. 3. Crestephor Ramshaw and Isabel Dixson, married. 
Ibid. 

13 1686. Aug. 31. John Simson and Ann Parkinge, married. Ibid. 

14 1686. Sept. 14. Simond Hutchinson and Elizabeth Robinson, widow, 
married by licence. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

15 Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 168, states that Nicholas Paxton and 
Deborah Middleton were married at St. Mary-le-Bow, but the Register of 
Marriages for that year is no longer extant. She was daughter of 
Nathaniel Middleton, of Durham, and sister of John Middleton, afterwards 
the Recorder, being baptised at St. Nicholas', 28 September, 1662. Nich- 
olas Paxton was the postmaster of Durham and was buried at St. Mary-le- 
Bow, 22 October, 1730, aged 76, his wife having died in the month of 
September, 1722. 

I. Nicholas Paxton of Durham, cordwainer, was buried at St. Nicholas', 

22 Jan., 1689/90, having had issue by Elizabeth, his wife, who was 
laid beside him, 18 April, 1703, four sons and three daughters, all of 
whom were baptized at St. Nicholas': — 

William, baptized, 23 April, 1653. nU 

Nicholas II. « 

Thomas Paxton, baptized, 27 Nov., 1659 [? of Durham, clothier, 
buried at St. Oswald's, 22 Nov., 1702, and registered at St. 
Nicholas']. 

Ralph Paxton of Durham, alderman and mercer, baptized, 25 Dec., 
1666; married, 17 Jan., 1693/4, at St. Nicholas', Anne, daughter 
of Francis Tweddell of Durham; churchwarden of St. Nich- 
olas', 1710; he was buried 19 Sept., 1718. 

Ann, baptized, 5 July, 1657, wife of William Hodgson of Durham,, 
mercer. 

Elizabeth, baptized, 25 Dec, 1661; buried in the church, 16 Aug., 
1666. 

Eleanor, baptized, 13 April, 1664; married. 26 Nov., 1693, at St. 
Nicholas', Christopher Fulthorpe of Durham, attorney. 

II. Nicholas Paxton of Durham, cordwainer, baptized, at St. Nicholas', 

24 May, 1655; married, 12 October, 1686, Deborah, sister of John 
Middleton, the Recorder of Durham. He became postmaster circa 1700. 
By his wife, who was buried in St. Nicholas' church, 26 Jan., 1707/8, he 



70 

Nov. 25. Mathew Marshall was married to William Ilea's 
daughter, being Thursday. 16 

Nov. 28. John White, weaver, and Mary Scott, was married, 
being Sunday and bore a child the 22nd of May, 1687. 17 

Nov. 30. Mr. John Kowell that belongs to the Spirituall Court 
was married to Mrs. Church daughter, being Tuesday. 

*Jan. 16. Thomas Wade, fidler, was married to a Londoner, a 
widow, being Sunday. 

1687. 

April 26. George Wilkinson, son to Gilbert Wilkinson, Sadler 
Street, tallow chandler, was married to Allice Stoot, daughter to 
Rowland Stout, butcher, being Tuesday. 18 

April 26. Jane Burdess was married to Mr. Peacock's man, 
being Tuesday, and went to live at Mr. Whitsmack's. 

May 1. Thomas Peareson, smith, was married, being Sunday. 

June 2. Phillip Stout was married, wanting 12 weekes of his 
time, being Thursday. 19 

June 23. Mr. Michael Mickleton, son to James Mickleton, 
lawyer, was married to Mr. John Spearman's daughter, he being 
Under Sheriff, it being Munday. 20 

(unless he had a contemporary of the same name) had issue, all of 
whom were baptized at St. Nicholas' : — 
Richard, baptized, 6 May, 1689. 
Nicholas, baptized, 3 Sept., 1690. 
Abraham, baptized, 18 Aug., 1691; buried in the church, 25 July, 

1695. 
Ralph, baptized, 2 May, 1695 ; buried in the church, 7 May, 1695. 
Nathaniel, baptized, 8 Mar., 1697/8. 
Thomasin, baptized, 24 July, 1687. 
Deborah, baptized, 29 Aug., 1693. 
Elizabeth, baptized, 21 May, 1696. 
Catherine, baptized, 25 Sept., 1699; buried in the church, 29 

Jan., 1700/1. 
Margaret, baptized, 12 Feb., 1700/1. 
16 1686. Nov. 24. Matthew Marshell, of ye parish of St. Margaret's, 
and Jane Rea, of this parish, married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

17 1686. Nov. 28. John White and Mary Skote, married. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 

18 1687. April 26. George Wilkinson and Alice Stout, spinster, mar- 
ried. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

19 1687. June 2. Phillip Stout and Margret Raisebeck, married. 
St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

20 1687. July 4. Michael Mickleton and Elizabeth Spearman, married. 
Cathedral Registers. 

Cf. pedigree of Mickleton of Crook hall. Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., 
p. 140. His son, Christopher Mickleton, married Dorothy Milburne, grand- 
daughter of Christopher Sanderson, whose diary is printed in Six North 
Country Diaries. 



76 

Aug. 24. Christopher Marshall, wanting 26 weekes of his time, 
being Wednesday. 

Aug. 30. Rowland Brown, son to Richard Browne, sexton, being 
Tuesday. 

Nov 15. John Williamson was married to Bess Young, being 
Tuesday. 1 

Nov. 30. Richard Craggs was married, being Wednesday. 

Dec. 27. Margaret Dunce and a seaman was married, being 
Tuesday. 2 

Feb. 2. Mr. Joseph Hall was married to Mrs. Frances Gibson, 
being Thursday. 3 

Feb. 28. Christopher Colson, glover, was married to John 
Baister's daughter, being Shrove Tuesday. 4 

1688. 

April 16. Jonathan Walton and Dorothy Sanderson was mar- 
ried, being Munday. 5 

Sept. 16. Robert Woodmas and Allice Johnson was married, 
being Sunday. 

1 1687. November 15. John Williamson and Elizabeth Younge, mar- 
ried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

2 1687. Dec. 27. Cudbarth Burell and Margarett Dunce, married. 
Ibid. 

3 1687/8. Feb. 2. Joseph Hall and Frances Gibson, married. Cath- 
edral Registers. 

I. Joseph Hall of Durham, attorney, according to a pedigree in Surtees, 

Durham, vol. ii., pp. 291, 292, married, 2 Feb., 1687/8, Frances Gibson, 
by whom he had issue: — 

Stephen, baptized, 3 Feb., 1690/1 ; buried 13 July, 1693. 

John, baptized, 11 June, 1689. 

Joseph II. 

Thomas, baptized, 27 April, 1698; buried same year. 

Margaret, baptized, 30 June, 1699. 

II. Joseph Hall of Durham, baptized, 14 Sept., 1693, married at Skelton, 

14 Dec, 1716, Catherine, daughter of Edward Trotter; buried, 27 Aug., 
1731, having had issue: — 

Joseph Hall, buried at St. Margaret's, 25 Oct., 1723, aged 6. 

John Hall of Skelton Castle (the Eugenius of Sterne), married Anne, 

daughter and co-heir of Ambrose Stevenson of Manor-house in 

Lanchester. 4, 
George Lawson Hall, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 2 Aug., 1724, a 

colonel in the army. 
Thomas Hall, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 21 Nov., 1725, a 

general in the army. 
Frances Elizabeth, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 16 April, 1727, 

wife of Walter Hawksworth of Hawksworth. 

4 1687/8. Feb. 28. Crestepher Coulson and Sarah Baster, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

5 1688. April 16. Jonathan Walton, parish of St. Nicholas', and 
Dorothy Sanderson, of the chapelry of Esh, spinster, married by licence. 
St. Nicholas' Registers, also in Esh Registers. 

6 1688. Sept. 16. Robard Woodmass and Alizes Johnson, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 



77 

Oct. 7. James Harry, cooper, and his servant, Jane, was 
married at Whickham, being Sunday. 7 

Oct. 11. Ralph Fisher with Worrell's widow and John's whore. 8 

1689. 

Mar. 31. Thomas Parkinson and Isabell Dobinson was married, 
being Easter Sunday. 9 

May 26. John Smith, collyer, was married to Mary Watson's 
daughter. 10 

Aug. 9. George Sheiffeild was married to his second wife, being 
Friday. 11 

Aug. 13. Michael Huson and Ann Dury married at Ash, being 
Tuesday. 12 

Nov. 22. Nicholas Hutchinson, taylor, was married to Margaret 
Hutchinson, being Sunday. 13 

*Dec. 26. Margaret Browne, Oster Peg, and John Thompson was 
married, being St. Stephen's Day. 

Feb. 4. Ann Bell, daughter to Will Bell, was married to a 
Hexham glover and skinner, being Tuesday. 14 

Feb. 25. Mary Niokson was married to one Hall, being Tues- 
day. 15 

*Feb. 28. Nedy [Edward] Stoot was married. 

1690. 

*June 16. Thomas Bell and Francis Kirkley was married, being 
Munday; and the said Francis bore a child the 29th of June, 1690, 
being Sunday. 

Aug. 3. Robert Stelling of Low Brassid was married, being 
Sunday. 

7 1688. Oct. 26. Bond of marriage, James Harey, of Framwelgate, 
cooper, and Jane Taylor, spinster. 

8 1688. Oct. 11. Ralph Fisher and Jane Worell, married. St. Mar- 
garet's Register. 

1688. Oct. 11. Ralph Fisher and Jane Worrell, widow, chapelry of 
St. Margaret's, married by licence. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

9 1689. Mar. 31. Thomas Parkinson and Tsobell Dobinson, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

10 1689. May 26. John Smith and Anne Watson, married. Ibid. 

11 1689. Aug. 8. Bond of marriage, George Sheffield, .... tanner, 
and Elizabeth Linsley, spinster. 

12 1689. Aug. 12. Bond of marriage, Michael Huson, .... roper, 
and Anne Dury, spinster. 

13 1689. Sept. 28. Nicholas Hutchinson and Margrett Hutchinson, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

"1689/90. Feb. 4. Thomas Eobinson, glover, and Ann Bell, spinster, 
married. Hexham Registers. 

15 1689/90. Feb. 25. Eichard Hall and Mary Nixon, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers . 



78 

Oct. 5. Mr. William Dury and Betty Frizell was married, 
being Sunday. 16 

Oct. 6. Ralph, Kirkley and Barbary Starfoot was married, 
being Tuesday. 

Nov. 23. Ellinor Sheiflieild and William Taylor, weaver, was 
married, being Sunday. 17 

Dec. 7. William Baxter, blacksmith, and Elizabeth Browne 
was married, being Sunday. 18 

Deo. 5. Thomas Swalwell and Jane Shipheard was married, 
being Friday. 19 

Jan. 6.' Cuthbert Adamson, hatter, and Bett Welsh was 
married, being Tuesday. 20 

Jan. 17. Doctor Eden and Mrs. Walker was married, being 
Satterday. 1 

16 1690. Oct. 5. Mr. William Dewry and Mrs. Arabaell Frizell, mar- 
ried. St. Margaret's Registers. Probably a son or kinsman of John 
Drury, some time minor canon of Durham. 

17 1690. Nov. 23. William Taylor and Ellener Shaffield, married. 
Ibid. 

18 1690. Dec. 7. William Baxter and Eliz. Browne, married. Ibid. 

19 1690. Dec. 5. Thomas Swalwell and Jane Richardson, married. 
Ibid. 

20 1690/1. Jan. 5. Bond of marriage, Cuthbert Adamson, Durham, 
felt-maker, and Elizabeth Welsh, spinster. By his second marriage with 
Jane Eden, Cuthbert Adamson was ancestor of John Adamson, of Newcastle, 
solicitor, the first Secretary of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries. 

1 1690/1. Jan. 6. Bond of marriage, Henry Eden, Shenckley, Durham, 
gent., and Tabitha Walker, widow. She was widow of Michael Walker of 
Durham and daughter of Paul Thoresby of Leeds, merchant and alderman. 
Henry Eden of Shincliffe, doctor of physic, was baptized at St. Oswald's, 
25 March, 1643, as son of Henry Eden of that place, his sponsors being his 
maternal grandfather, George Martin of Durham, attorney, William Sidg- 
wick, and Mrs. Elizabeth Tempest. He married, first, Mary, widow of 
Robert Chapman, and daughter of William Blythman of Westoe, who was 
buried at St. Oswald's, 15 March, 1685/6; and, secondly, Tabitha, widow 
of Michael Walker of Durham, and daughter of Paul Thoresby, a near 
kinsman of Ralph Thoresby, the antiquary. She was buried at St. 
Oswald's, 16 March, 1699/1700, and he was laid beside her 29 July, 1702. 
By his first wife he had issue : — 

Henry Eden, baptized at St. Oswald's, 5 Sept., 1676; D.D. and Fellow 

of Trinity College, Cambridge, buried at St. Oswald's, 9 June, 1711. 

Blythman Eden, baptized at St. Oswald's, 31 Aug., 1680, of Newcastle, 

attorney. ^ 
William Eden, baptized at St. Oswald's, 18 May, 1682, of Durham, 
apothecary, buried at St. Oswald's, 4 April, 1712, where there is 
a Latin inscription to his memory. 
Jane, baptized at St. Oswald's, 4 May, 1675, married, first, Thomas 
Rowland, and second, 30 Jan., 1703/4, at St. Oswald's, Cuthbert 
Adamson. , 
Elizabeth, baptized at St. Oswald's, 12 Feb., 1677/8, married there, 



79 

Jan. 24. Nicholas Hutchinson, shoemaker, and Grace Walker 
was married, being Satterday. 2 

1691. 

Mar. 28. Mary Dothwaite was married to John Martin, a saylor, 
being Saturday. 

*June 1. Barbary Williamson, commonly called Lapper, was 
married to a collier, being Munday. 

June 23. Hugh Hutchinson, shoomaker, was married to Roger 
Thornton's wife's sister, being Tuesday. 3 

Aug. 31. Andrew Weddall and Maxton Dent was married at 
Stockton, being Munday. 

Sept. 19. George Clarke and Bett Richardson, servant to Mrs. 
Jefferson, was married, being Satterday. 4 

Nov. 12. Mr. Thomas Lassells was married to Mrs. Gibson, 
being Thursday. 5 

6 April, 1702, Francis Salkeld of the parish of All Saints, New- 
castle. 

Barbara, married at St. Oswald's, 11 May, 1696, John Smart of the 
parish of Jarrow. 

Mary, married at St. Oswald's, 10 Sept., 1692, Richard Huntley, of the 
parish of St. Nicholas', Newcastle ; ancestor of the mother of John 
Hodgson Hinde, the historian. 

Anne, baptized at St. Oswald's, 16 Oct., 1684. 
Cf. Pedigrees of the Family of Adamson of Newcastle. Privately printed. 

N.D. 

2 1690/1. Mar. 24. Nicholas Hutchinson and Grace Walker, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

3 1691. June 23. Hugh Hutchinson and Dorothy Guy, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

* 1691. Sept. 18. George Clarke, Newarke, and Elizabeth Richardson, 
Durham, married. Ibid. 

6 1691. Nov. 12. Mr. Thomas Lascell, of Mount Grace, and Dorothy 
Gibson, married. Stockton Registers. 

I. Thomas Lassells of Durham, married 9 Sept., 1669, at St. Margaret's, 

Frances, daughter of William Heighington of Durham, and died circa 
1672; (his widow marrying secondly James Church, attorney). He 
had issue: — 
Thomas II. 

Margaret, posthumous daughter, baptized at St. Margaret's, 
18 Oct., 1672, and dying 28 July, 1684, was buried at the same 
church. 

II. Thomas Lassells of Mount Grace, baptized at St. Margaret's, 27 Oct., 

1670, married at Stockton, 12 Nov., 1691, Dorothy Gibson, and was 
buried at St. Margaret's, 1 April, 1717, having had issue : — 

III. William Lassells, baptized at St. Margaret's, 29 November, 1692, 

married Alice Woodmas, and had (perhaps with 

other) issue, a daughter, Dorothy, who married, 6 April, 1749, John 
Fenwick of Bywell. 

Cf. Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 99. 



80 

Nov. 17. Diok Stephenson was married to Mrs. Simpson's maid, 
being Tuesday. 6 

Nov. 23. John Rippley, senior, was married ye second time to 
a woman in Gyligate, or C'lapeth, being Munday. 

Jan. 4. Mr. Thomas Bowes was married to Mrs. Marley, being 
Thursday. 7 

Jan. 7. Joseph Hutchinson was married to Katherin Marshall, 
being Sunday. 8 

Jan. 7. Robert Crow and Dorothy Joplin was married, being 
Sunday. 

1692. 

April 12. George Pickering and Mary Skinner's made was 
married, being Tuesday. 9 

April 24. George Forster and Jane Wren was married, being 
Sunday. io 

May 5. Dorothy Grinwell was married, being Tuesday. 

May 12. John Martin, skinner, and Elizabeth Mainsforth was 
married, being Thursday. 11 

May 16. John Ripley ye younger was married, being Munday, 
and bore a child ye 19th of August, '92. 12 

*May 17. George Jackson, master usher to Gramer School, was 
married to a country-woman, being Tuesday. 

6 1691. Nov. 17. Richard Stephenson, parish of St. Margaret's, and 
Elizabeth Rawe, of this parish, married by licence. St. Mary-le-Bow 
Registers. 

7 Thomas Bowes of Durham and of Quarryhill, younger son of Ralph 
Bowes of Bradley, married Catherine, daughter of William Marley of 
Nunshouse, and was buried 23 April, 1719, at St. Mary in the South 
Bailey, where his wife was laid beside him, 29 January, 1728 : they had 
issue : — 

Thomas Bowes of Quarryhill, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 28 Jan., 

1695/6.4, 
William Bowes, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 14 Oct., 1715. 
Elizabeth, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 29 Nov., 1692. 
Margaret, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 11 Nov., 1694. 
Anne, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 30 Nov., 1697, married at Wolsing- 
ham, 12 June, 1722 (as his third wife), John Gray of Durham, 
alderman. 
Catherine, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 27 Nov., 1705, buried, St. Mary 

in the South Bailey, 16 December, 1705. , 

Margery, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 30 April, 1713. 
Cf. Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 111. 

8 1691/2. February 17. Joseph Hutchinson and Catherine Marshall, of 
this parish, married by licence. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

9 1692. April 12. George Pickering and Mary Browne, married. St. 
Margaret's Register. 

10 1692. April 24. George Forster and Jane Wren, married. Ibid. 

11 1692. May 19. John Martten and Elizabeth Mensfeild, married. 
St. Giles' Registers. 

12 1692. May 16. John Ripley and Elizabeth Nicholson, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 



81 

May 22. James Smarte, junior, was married to Elizabeth Harri- 
son, widow, being Sunday. 13 

July 2. Gabriel Swainston and Bess Rayne was married, being 
Satterday. 14 

*July 26. One Norman, Mr. Swinburn's steward, and Bett Dury 
was married, being Tuesday, and bore a child ye 24th of February, 
1692/3. 

July 27. William Frizell and Mary Watson was married, being 
Wednesday. 15 

Aug. 14. Edward Mcholson and Ann Browne was married, 
being Sunday. 16 

Aug. 28. William Yapdale, glasser, was married to Jane Faw- 
don's maid. 17 

Sept. 3. Mr. John Trotter, a Scotch man, and Elizabeth Wilkin- 
son was married, being Satterday. 18 

Sept. 7. John Wilson, John Williamson's apprentice, was mar- 
ried, being Wednesday. 19 

Sept. 29. Mr. William Forster, apothecary, and Susanna Padman 
was married, being Thursday. 20 

13 1692. May 22. James Smart and Elisebeth Harrison, married. 
Ibid. 

14 1692. July 2. Bond of marriage, Gab. Swainston, Durham, gent., 
and Elizabeth Raine, widow. 

Gabriel Swainston, B.L. of Durham, was a notary public and proctor; 
dying 22 Feb., 1711, aged 63, he was buried at St. Margaret's, where a long 
Latin inscription was set up to his memory. He had issue: — 
Gabriel, baptized at St. Margaret's, 14 October, 1695. 
Mary, baptized at St. Margaret's, 5 March, 1693/4. 
Anne, baptized at St. Margaret's, 5 May, 1697. 

Margaret, baptized at St. Margaret's, 11 Feb., 1699/1700, married at 
the same church, 30 Nov., 1732, Cuthbert Rayne, and died 
24 March, 1764, aged 64. 
Elizabeth, baptized at St. Margaret's, 7 May, 1701. 
Mary, baptized at St. Margaret's, 30 March, 1703, died 5 May, 1770, 
aged 67. 

15 1692. July 27. * William Frizell and Mary Watson, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

16 1692. Aug. 14. Edward Nicholson and Anne Browne, married. 
Ibid. 

17 This entry is crossed out in the Diary. See 1694, August 28. 

18 1692. Sept. 3. Mr. John Trotter and Mrs. Elizabeth Wilkinson, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

19 1692. Sept. 7. John Wilson, chapelry of St. Margaret, and Mary 
Lister, of this parish, married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

20 1692. Sept. 29. Mr. William Forster, apothecary, and Susanna 
Padman, both of the parish of St. Nicholas, married by licence. Ibid. 

He died 12 Nov., 1697, and was buried at St. Oswald's on the following 
day; his wife was laid beside him 1 August, 1731. They had issue two 
daughters: Anne, baptized 22 June, 1693, and Susanna, bapt. 19 Dec., 
1695, both at St. Nicholas'; the latter was buried at St. Oswald's, 28 March, 
1696. 

6 



82 

Oct. 24. George Chapman and Mary Cook was married, being 
Satterday. 1 

Nov. 1. Roger Thornton and Margaret Harrison was married, 
being Tuesday. 2 

*Nov. 1. Mr. Hamond Hendry brought his brid though 
Durham. 3 

Nov. 13. Thomas Dobinson and Margaret Thompson was mar- 
ried, being Sunday. 4 

Nov. 17. John Kirkhouse and Frances Pepper was married, 
being Thursday. 5 

Nov. 20. Mrs. Hubbuck and Robert Burdon was married, being' 
Sunday. 

*Nov. 29 John Dent, barber, and one Bell was married, being 
Tuesday. 

1693. 

April 30. Robert Russell and Margaret, John Johnson's man and 
maid, was married, being Sunday. 6 

May 1. Thomas Eales, son to Robert Eales, was married to 
Mr. John Crosby's maid, being Munday. 7 

1 1692. Sept. 24. George Chapman, parish of St. Nicholas and 
Barbara Coocke, of this parish, married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

2 1692. Nov. 1. Roger Thornton of this parish and Margaret Harrison 
of the chapelry of St. Margaret, married by licence. Ibid. 

3 1. Cuthbert Hendry of Shincliffe, yeoman, was buried at St. Oswald's,. 
6 January, 1694/5; his wife, Anne, being laid beside him 26 October, 1707. 
They had (perhaps with other) issue : — 

Hammond II. 

Isabel, wife of Thomas Rudd, master of Durham School. 
[Anne, married, 29 Sept., 1683, Robert Hopper.] 

II. Hammond Hendry of Durham, attorney, and of Shincliffe; 13 Nov., 
1692, took out a licence to marry Mrs. Philadelphia Crow, widow, 
believed to be a connection of the Mitford family. She was buried at 
St. Oswald's, 30 Jan., 1742/3, being described in the Register of Burials 
as a widow, but the date of her husband's death has not been ascertained. 
They had issue : — 

Cuthbert, baptized at St. Oswald's, 4 Sept., 1695, buried 21 May, 1699, 

as son of ' Mr. Hamon Hendrv, deceased.' 
Mitford III. 
Anne, baptized at St. Oswald's, 26 Sept., 1693, married at Washington, 

13 Aug., 1719, Richard Stonehewer, and registered at St. Oswald's. 

III. Mitford Hendry of Durham, baptized at St. Oswald's, 1 Jan.,. 
1696 '7; had (perhaps with other) issue : — 

Mary, baptized at St. Oswald's, 29 Oct., 1726. 
Frances, baptized at St. Oswald's, 24 Dec, 1727. 

4 1692. Nov. 13. Thomas Dobinson and Margarett Thompson, mar- 
ried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

5 1692. Nov. 17. John Kirkhouse and Frances Peppers, spinster, mar- 
ried by licence. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

G 1693. April 30. Robert Russell and Margarett Henderson, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

7 1693. May 1. Thomas Eales and Anne Robinson, both of this parish,, 
married. St. Oswald's Registers. 



83 

May 3. John Taylor and Mathew Litster's daughter was 
married, being Wednesday. 8 

*May 13. Mr. George Tweddall and Bett Heslop was married, 
being Satterday. 9 

June 11. James Lesley and Mr. Skinner's servant was married, 
being Sunday. 10 

Sept. 7. Joseph Coleson and Mary Roper was married, being 
Thursday. 11 

•Sept. 14. Thomas Rowell and John Benson's maid was married. 12 

Nov. 12. Thomas Leavers and Bett Dothwait was married, 
being Sunday. 13 

Nov. 16. John Hall and Mrs. Thompson's maid was married, 
being Thursday. 

Nov. 26. Stephen Coulson, blacksmith, was married, being 
Sunday. 1 * 

Nov. 27. Thomas Richardson and Bett, a Scotchwoman, William 
Drury's servant, was married, being Munday. 14a 

Nov. 26. Mr. Foulthrop and Ellinor Paxton was married, being 
Sunday. 15 

Jan. 9. Henry Frizell, milner, and Roger Wilkinson's daughter 
was married, being Tuesday. 16 

8 1693. May 3. John Taylor and Elizebeth Litster, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

9 George Tweddell, alderman of Durham, married at St. Nicholas', 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Heslop, of Durham, butcher, who is 
believed to have been brother of Dame Anne Duck. See Surtees, Durham, 
vol. iii., p. 82 and vol. iv., p. 156. 

10 1693. June 11. James Lashly and Elizabeth Barber, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

11 1693. Sept. 4. Bond of marriage, Joseph Coulson, Wall Nuke, Dur- 
ham, yeoman, and Mary Rcper, spinster. 

12 This entry is crossed out in the Diary. 

13 1693. Nov. 12. Thomas Lever and Margaret Dowthwaite, both of 
this parish, married by licence. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

14 1693. Nov. 26. Stephen Coulson and Judith Watson, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

14a 1693. Nov. 25. Bond of marriage, Thomas Richardson, Elvett, 
yeoman, and Elizabeth Dodds, spinster. 

15 1693. Nov. 26. Christopher Fulthorp and Ellinor Paxton, spinster, 
married by licence. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

Christopher Fulthorpe of Durham, attorney, probably a scion of the 
ancient family of Fulthorpe of Fulthorpe and Tunstall (see Surtees, 
Durham, vol. iii., p. 126), married at St. Nicholas', 26 Nov., 1693, Eleanor, 
daughter of Nicholas Paxton, cordwainer (who was buried 21 Oct., 1731), 
and was buried, 18 April, 1703, having had issue : — 

George, baptized at St. Nicholas', 20 June, 1698. 

Elizabeth, baptized at St. Nicholas', 10 Sept., 1694, buried in the 
church, 22 Dec, 1695. 

Anne, baptized at St. Nicholas', 10 Sept., 1696, buried 2 Sept., 1700. 

16 1693/4. Jan. 4. Henry Frizell and Christiana Wilkinson, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 



84 

Jan. 16. Ralph Paxton and George Tweddell's sister was 
married, being Tuesday. 17 

Feb. 3. William Vasey was married, being Satterday. 

1694. 

May 8. Mr. Mickleton's gardener, Alexander, and Margaret 
Tod was married, being Tuesday. 18 

May 8. John Shaw and Bess Craw was married, being Tues- 
day. 19 

July 31. Mr. Thomas Wilson, attorney at law, was married, 
being Tuesday. 20 

July 31. Nicholas Wilson, singing-man, was married to Mr. 
Gowland's maid, being Tuesday. 

Aug. 19. Nicholas Sheiffeild was married to a country lass, 
being Sunday. 1 

Aug. 21. William Milnes and Jane Hymers was married, being 
Tuesday. 2 

Aug. 28. William Appdale, glasser, was married to Jane Faw- 
don's maid, being Tuesday. 3 

Sept. 23. Ussasa Robson and John Dixon, man, was married. 4 

Nov. 20. Clement Kitfield was married to Margaret Knaggs. 5 

Nov. 20. Bryan Pearson was married. 6 

Nov. 20. Abraham Allinson brought home his wife. 7 

Nov. 29. John Harry and Mary Sherewood was married, being 
Thursday. 8 

Jan. 20. Thomas Mountaine was married to Margaret Breers, 
being Sunday. 

17 1693/4. Jan. 17. Balph Paxton and Anne Tweddell, spinster, 
married. St. Nicholas' Registers. See p. 74, supra. 

18 1694. May 8. Alexander Hume and Margaret Todd, both of this 
parish, married. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

19 1694. May 8. John Shaw and Elizabeth Crow, married. St. Nich- 
olas' Registers. 

20 1694. July 31. Mr. Thomas Wilson and Mrs. Ann Roches, both of 
Elvett parish, married. St. Giles' Registers. 

1 1694. Aug. 19. Nicholas Shaffield and Eliz. Jefferson, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

2 1694. Aug. 21. William Mills and Jaine Hayemers, spinster, mar- 
ried. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

3 1694. Aug. 28. William Abdell and Ellinor Porter, spinster, married. 
Ibid. 

4 1694. Sept. 23. John Story and Ursula Robson, married. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 

5 1694. Clement Kitfeild of this parish and Margaret Knaggs of 

Crossgate, married by licence. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

6 1694. Bryan Pearson and Anne Dixon, both of this parish, 

married. Ibid. 

7 1694. Oct. 18. Abraham Allinson of this parish and Margaret Fisher 
of Elvett parish, married on St. Luke's day. St. Giles' Registers. 

8 1694. Nov. 28. John Harry and Mary Sherwood, married. St. Mar> 
garet's Registers. 



85 

1695. 

April 24. John Key's daughter and Abram Smith's sonn was 
married, being Wednesday. 9 

*April 25. Robert Young's son was married to Pegg Dunce, being 
Thursday. 

April 27. James Richardson and Bess Adamson was married, 
being Satterday. 10 

*June 11. Mr. George Dixon and Betty Gray was married, being 
Tuesday. 11 

Aug. 4. Anthony Allinson and Bett Arundall was married, 
being Sunday. 12 

Nov. 28. Thomas Rennoldson, weaver, was married, being 
Thursday. 13 

Jan. 29. Rebekeki Darlington was married to a collier in Gates- 
head, being Wednesday 

Feb. 2. Thomas Whitingham's youngest sonn, was married to 
Jo. Wells' servant, being Tuesday. 14 

Mar. 10. Mr. Forster, attorney at law, was married with Mrs. 
Jane Mascall, being Tuesday. 15 

1696. 

April 26. William Chippchass was married to Dowager MaskalPs 
maid, being Sunday. 16 

May 1. William Stout, sadJer, was married, being Friday. 17 
*May 3. Thomas Jackson, Madam Duck's coachman, and Mar- 
garet Walton was married, being Sunday. 

May 23. Peter Milner and Ann Yapdale was married, being 
Satterday. 18 

9 1695. April 24. Ralph Smith and Barbary Key, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

10 1695. April 23. James Richardson and Eliz. Adamson, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

11 George Dixon, an attorney in Durham, and of Aykleyhead, married 
first Elizabeth, daughter of Alderman Robert Gray, and second, Sarah, 
daughter of Francis Johnson of Newcastle. 

12 1695. Aug. 4. Anthony Allinson of this parish, and Elizabeth 
Arundel of St. Nicholas' parish, married. St. Giles' Registers. 

13 1695. Nov. 28. Thomas Rennoldson and Anne Robson, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

14 1695/6. Feb. 2. John Whittington and Eliz. Stobbs, married. Ibid. 

15 1695/6. Mar. 10. Mr. Thomas Forster and Mrs. Jane Mascall, mar- 
ried. Ibid. She was one of the daughters of Thomas Mascall of the city 
of Durham, attorney, and sister of Francis Mascall of Eppleton. 

16 1696. April 26. William Chipchase and Mary Blareton, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

17 1696. May 1. William Stout and Mary Bolderson, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

18 1696. May 23. Peter Milner and Ann Ebdon, married. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 



86 

May 26. John Martin, son to Person John Martin, was married, 
being Tuesday. 19 

*June 7. Thomas Nattrus was married to Nairn Wood's maiden, 
being Trinity Sunday. 

June 24. Thomas Litster was married the 2nd time, being 
Wednesday. 20 

*July 9. Justice Ellison of Heberon Hall was married to Esquire 
LiddelPs daughter at Witton Gilbert, being Thursday. 1 

Aug. 30. Mr. Skinner's maid went away from Durham to' 
Sunderland, being married the week before upon Thursday. 

Aug. 6. William Peareson and Ann Stout was married, being 
Thursday. 2 

*0ct. 6. Edward Hodshon and Barbary Younger was married, 
being Tuesday, being both computed to be aged 140. 

Dec. 27. William Corner and Ann Huson was married, being 
Sunday. 3 

Jan. 28. Hugh Roddam and Isabell Mayson was married 
Thursday. 4 

*Feb. 14. Thomas Pecton, sadler, was married to Doll Wilkin- 
son, being Sunday. 5 

Feb. 15. William Frizell and Mary Burdon was married, being 
Munday. 6 

Feb. 19. Henry Arrowsmith and Ann Jordan was married. 

1697. 

*May 2. John Cock, Quaker, gardner, and Ann, his wife, was 
married, being Sunday. 

May 19. Mr. Tayton and Mrs. Lowranoe was married, being 
Wednesday. 7 

19 John Martin, the elder, one of the minor canons of Durham, was 
buried 11 Nov., 1697. Cathedral Registers. Another John Martin, perhaps 
the person named in the text was perpetual curate of St. Mareraret's from 
1694 to 1703. 

20 1696. June 24. Thomas Litster and Jane Forster, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

1 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 57. 

2 1696. Aug. 9. William Pearson and Ann Stout, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

3 1696. Dec. 27. Wm. Corner and Anne Hewson, married. Ibid. 

4 1696/7. Jan. 28. Hugh Rodham and Isabell Mason, spinster, married. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

5 1696/7. Feb. 14. Thomas Peckton and Dorothy Wilkinson, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1696/7. Feb. 15. William Fryssell and Mary Burdon of the city of 
Durham, married. Witton Gilbert Registers. 

7 1697. May 19. Robert Tatham and Mary Loraine, both of St. 
Margaret's, Durham, married. Lanchester Registers. 



87 

June 8. Thomas Taylorson and Mrs. Heighington was married 
at Witton, being Tuesday. 8 

*Aug. 8. Nanh Spenceley and a Newcastle man was married. 

Aug. 21. Mathew Mayson was married, being Tuesday. 9 

Nov. 7. Robert Fawell was married to Margaret Turner, being 
Sunday, by Parson Martin, which was ye last that he married. 10 

Nov. 13. Robert Beaverly was married to Elizabeth Armstronge, 
Mr. Joseph Hall's servant, being Satterday. 11 

Nov. 14. Wall and Elizabeth Smith was married, being 

Sunday. 12 

Nov. 16. John Dixon and Mr. Wharton's maid was married, 
being Tuesday. 13 • 

Nov. 21. Peter Moore and Doctor Gray's cook-maid was mar- 
ried, being Sunday. 14 

Feb. 17. Henry Wissman and Isabell Todd was married, being 
Thursday. 15 

1698. 

Mar. 26. William Maston, son to John, was married to Bett 
Parkin, being Satterday. 16 

May 10. John Reed and Mary Jackson was married, being 
Tuesday. 17 

May 15. John Wilkinson, mason, was married to Doll Ethrin- 
ton, being Sunday. 18 

June 29. Thomas Clough and Bett Harrison was married, being 
Wednesday. 19 

8 1697. June 8. Thomas Taylorson, gent., and Mary Heighington of 
ye city of Durham, married. Witton Gilbert Registers. 

9 1697. Aug. 24. Matthew Mayson and Anne Welsh, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

10 1697. Nov. 7. Robert Fawell and Margaret Turner, spinster, 
married. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

11 1697. Nov. 13. Robert Bevverly and Elizabeth Armestrong, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

12 1697. Nov. 14. Christopher Wall and Elizabeth Smith, married. 
Ibid. 

13 1697. Nov. 17. John Dixon and Margaret Hodgshon, married. St. 
Mary in the South Bailey Registers. 

14 1697. Nov. 23. Peter Moore and Margarett Bee, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

15 1697/8. Feb. 17. Henry Wiseman and Isabell Todd, married. Ibid. 

16 1698. Mar. 26. William Maston, of ye parish of St. Nicholas, and 
Elizabeth Parking of ye parish of St. Margaret, married by licence. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

17 1698. May 10. John Reed and Mary Jackson, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

18 1698. May 15. John Wilkinson, parish of St. Margaret, and 
Dorothy Heathrington, of this parish, married. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

19 1698. June 29. Thomas Clijfe and Elizebeth Harrison, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 



88 

July 31. Robert Younger and Mrs. Smith was married at 
Witton, being Sunday. 20 

Sept. 27. Mr. John Hall, merchant, and Rett Richardson was 
married at Witton, being Tuesday. 1 

Oct. 9. Mr. Lewens and Mr. Gordon's daughter was married, 
being Sunday. 2 

Dec. 25. Thomas Hutchinson — Leinghthy Tho — and Elizabeth 
Dobinson was married, being Christmas day. 3 

Dec. 26. Reed and Jane Reed was married, being Munday. 

Dec. 27. Henry Starfoot and Mary Wood was married, being 
Tuesday. 4 

Jan. 19 Mr. Anthony Hall, alderman, was married, being 
Thursday. 5 

20 1698. July 31. Robert Younger and Elizabeth Smith, married. 
Witton Gilbert Registers. 

1 1698. Sept. 27. John Hall, gent., and Elizabeth Richardson, married. 
Ibid. She was daughter of John Richardson of Framwellgate and Cater- 
house; and by her marriage with John Hall she had issue two daughters. 
Cf. pedigrees of Richardson and Bright, Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 145. 

2 1698. Oct. 9. Mr. Thomas Lewens, attorney, and Mrs. Anne Gorden, 
married. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

Thomas Lewen I., of Durham, attorney, son of George Lewen, attorney, 
was baptized at St. Nicholas', 11 June, 1671, and was buried at the same 
church, 11 July, 1724. By Anne Gordon, his wife, he had, with other issue, 
a son, Thomas Lewen II., of Durham, barrister-at-law, who married, at 
Lamesley, 6 June. 1734, Sarah, daughter and co-heir of William Bonner of 
St. Anthony's, near Newcastle (who was buried at St. Nicholas', 22 Feb., 
1747/8), by whom he had issue one son and two daughters, viz. : — 

William Bonner Lewen, baptized at St. Nicholas', 8 March, 1736/7, 

buried 9 August, 1737. 
Anne, baptized at St. Nicholas', 30 Sept., 1735, buried 29 May, 1741. 
Margaret, baptized at St. Nicholas', 29 March, 1742, sole heir to her 
mother; she was a convert of John Wesley, who described her as 
' a pattern to all young women of fortune in England.' She left 
her father's roof and died at Leytonstone, 30 October, 1766. Like 
many devout women she was morj generous than just, and, by her 
will, dated 21 Nov., 1764, she gave her residuary estate to Mr. 
Wesley ' for the furtherance of the Gospel.' See Mr. T. C. 
Dale's article on ' Durham Associations of John Wesley,' in 
Memorials of Old Durham, ed. Leighton, pp. 231-233. 
Thomas Lewen II. married secondly, 29 Jan., 1765, at St. Nicholas', Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Brass of Flass, who, dying within the year, was buried 
on the 30 September following. He was buried within St. Nicholas' church, 
29 December, 1783. 

3 1698. Dec. 25. Thomas Hutchinson, yeoman, and Eliz. Dobinson, 
Crossgate, married. St, Margaret's Registers. 

4 This entry is crossed out in the Diary. 

5 1698/9. Jan. 19. Mr. Anthony Hall, alderman, and Mrs. Tiseik, 
married at St. Mary's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

1698/9. Jan. 19. Mr. Anthony Hall, of St. Nicholas', and Elis. 
Tizick, of South Bayley parish, married. St. Mary in the South Bailey 
Registers. She was widow of Timothy Tyzack of Newcastle and daughter of 
.... Blencowe of Little Blencowe. 

I. John Hall of Durham, alderman and draper, mayor 1644 and 1646, 



89 

Jan. 22. Thomas Hodshon and Rett Pecton was married, being 
Sunday. 6 

Feb. 16. One Chapman and Isabel! Peareson of Coxey was 
married, being Thursday. 

1699. 

April 20. Ralph Bainbridge and Mrs. Betty Dixon was married, 
being Thursday. 7 

April 23. John Mauwhen and Elizabeth Harrison was married, 
being Sunday. 

*May 1. Straight Pegg White and a miller was married, being 
Munday, and bore a boy the 8th of Dec., '99 after. 

June 6. Edward Fauwell and Bett Knaggs was married, being 
Tuesday. 8 

was buried in St. Nicholas', 23 December, 1658, as ( Mr. John Hall, elder, 
alderman.' He married twice and left with other issue: — 
John II. 

Anne, baptized at St. Nicholas', 28 Sept., 1637, married Major John 

Clark of London ; and as a widow presented to the church of St. 

Nicholas' two large silver flagons for the administration of the 

Communion, the presentation heing formally made 24 Dec, 1686, 

through her brother who was attended by his son Jonathan. 

II. John Hall of Durham,, alderman and draper, mayor 1670, married 

Anne, daughter of William Kennet of Coxhoe, and was buried in St. 

Nicholas', 31 Aug., 1697, having had with other issue : — 

Anthony Hall of Durham, alderman, married at St. Mary in the South 
Bailey, 19 January, 1698/9, Elizabeth, widow of Timothy Tyzack of 

Newcastle, and daughter of Blencowe of Little Blen- 

cowe, Cumberland, buried at St. Nicholas', 11 September, 1722. 
John, baptized St. Nicholas', 15 Sept., 1663, buried same year. 
Thomas Hall, baptized at St. Nicholas', 21 Sept., 1668, ancestor of 

Hall of Flass and of Hall (afterwards Standish) of Durham. 
John, baptized, St. Nicholas', 15 Nov., 1670, buried, 22 Sept., 1671. 
Jonathan Hall, baptized at St. Nicholas', 8 Sept., 1679, educated at 
Durham and at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he matricu- 
lated 10 April, 1696, rector of Cockfield, Suffolk, 1720, prebendary 
of the fifth stall of Durham, 1723, buried in the Nine Altars of 
the Cathedral, 15 June, 1743. 
Mary, baptized at St. Nicholas', 15 April, 1662, wife of Robert 

Wharton. 
Other daughters died unmarried. 
There was a contemporary John Hall who was buried in St. Nicholas', 
23 Feb., 1668/9, as ' Mr. John Hall, senior, alderman.' 

Cf. pedigree of Hall of Durham and Flass, Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., 
p. 154. 

c 1698/9. Jan. 22. Tho. Hodgson of Durham and Elizabeth Pecton of 
Hetton. H on ghton-le- Spring Registers. 

7 1699. April 20. Ralph Bainbridge, parish of St. Nicholas, grocer, 
and Eliz. Dixon, married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

1699. April 20. Ralph Bainbridge, in this parish, and Mrs. Dixon, 
parish of St. Margaret, married. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

He was proprietor of Aykley Heads in the parish of St. Margaret : 
his will is dated 21 February, 1724. Cf. Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 141. 
8 1699. June 6. Edw d Fawell, butcher, and Eliz. Knaggs, Crossgate, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 



90 

July 11. Cuthbert Moore and Margaret Hopper was married, 
being Tuesday. 9 

Aug. 29. Thomas Dent and Elizabeth Hopper was married, 
being Tuesday. 10 

Nov. 5. William Dowglas, a bellringer, N , and Jane Pea- 
cock was married, being Sunday. 11 

*Nov. 15. Bess Gray and a tinker was married, being Wednesday. 

Nov. 16. Christopher Dixon, taylor, was married to Margaret 
Renney, being Thursday. 12 

Nov. 30. Thomas Cooper and Thomas Eales' wife's sister was 
married, being Thursday. 13 

Nov. 30. William Scott, junior, and Mary Fairefax was married, 
being Thursday. 14 

Nov. 30. Robert Foggan was married, being Thursday. 15 

Dec. 24. John Justice, taylor, was married to Mrs. Thirkeld, 
midwife, being Sunday. 16 

Dec. 23. Mr. Richard Badley was married to Mrs. Gelder, being 
Satterday. 17 

9 1699. July 10. Cuthbert Moore, Framwelgate, butcher, and Mar- 
garett Hopper, married. Ibid. 

10 1699. Aug. 29. Thomas Dent and Elizabeth Hopper, Crossgate, 
married. Ibid. 

11 1699. Nov. 5. William Douglas, of this parish, and Jane Peacock, 
chapelry of St. Margaret, married. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

12 1699. Nov. 16. Christopher Dixon, chapelry of St. Margaret, and 
Margaret Renney, of this parish. Ibid. 

13 1699. Nov. 30. Thomas Cooper, cordweyner, and Marg* Robinson, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

14 1699. Nov. 30. Robert Scott and Mary Fairfax, married. St. Giles' 
Registers. 

15 1699. Nov. 30. Robert Foggan and Alice Sweedle, married. Ibid. 

16 1699. Dec. 24. John Justes and Hannah Thirkell, widow, married. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

17 1699. Dec. 23. Mr. Richard Baddeley and Ann Geldart, widow, of 
ye parish of St. Mary-le-Bow, North Bailey, married. Cathedral Registers. 

Mr. Edward White in his very valuable footnotes to the Durham 
Cathedral Registers, Harl. Soc, states that Richard Baddely I., secretary of 
Bishop Morton, whose life he wrote, published in 1663 a reprint of Robert 
Hegg's " Legend of St. Cuthbert." He was born at Keldliolme, near Kirby 

Moorside, and married first the widow of Bridges, who was alive in 

1634, and secondly Casandra, daughter of John Mole, who was for thirty- 
two years a prisoner " for the testimony of Christ's true religion " in the 
Inquisition. Richard Baddeley, whose will is dated 30 Sept., 1670, had 
with other issue : — 

Richard (II.). 

Dulcibella, wife of Joseph Naylor, archdeacon of Northumberland. 

Ann, wife of Richard Wrench, prebendary of Durham. 
II. Richard Baddely seems to have huried his first wife Martha, at St. 
Mary-le-Bow, on the 9 Sept., 1699, and to have married, with indecent haste 
on the 23 December following at the Cathedral, Ann, widow of John 
Geldert, whom she had married at the Cathedral, 8 Feb., 1678/9, as Ann 
Hilton. Richard Baddely was buried at the Cathedral, 16 Jan., 1713/4. 



91 

Feb. 13. Mary Yapp was married, being Shrove Tuesday. 18 
Feb. 13. Doctor Burnett and Mr. Daniel Richardson's widow- 
was married, being Shrove Tuesday. 19 

1700. 

April 2. Robert Whitte, weaver, was married to Thomas 
Cooper's wife's sister, being Easter Tuesday. 20 

April 3. William Heighington, Quaker, was married, being 
Wednesday. 

May 21. Thomas Sharpe and Rasshalls was married, being 

Whitsun Tuesday. 1 

♦July 23. My Lord Bishopp Crew was married to Madam Foster, 
being Tuesday. 2 

Aug. 6. Henry Wisman and Margaret White, widow, was mar- 
ried, being Tuesday. 3 

Oct. 8. Mary Peareson, John Wells' servant, was married to a 
Scotchman, being Tuesday. 4 

*0ct. 27. Betty Moody and a Scott was married, being Sunday; 
and a great shoore of snow fell when she came from church. 

Nov. 5 Jobi Arrowsmith and Beit Wood married at Trimdon, 
being Tuesday. 

*Nov. 17. Thomas Wade, a fidler, and a servant of Doctor Burnet 
was marriel, being Sunday. 

Jan. 16. Thomas Reed, tanner, and Jane Wilson was married, 
being Thursday. 

18 1699/1700. Feb. 13. Tho. Taylor and Mary Yapp, both of Bow 
parish, married. Cathedral Registers. 

19 1699/1700. Feb. 12. Mr. Rob. Burnet, phys., and Mrs. Frances 
Richardson, both of St. Mary-le-Bow parish, married. Ibid. 

The bride's first husband, Daniel Richardson I. was probably an 
apothecary, and was buried at St. Mary-le-Bow, 14 March, 1696/7, leaving 
with other issue a son, Daniel Richardson II., apothecary, who was buried 
at the same church, 18 October, 1730. Mrs. Burnett was buried at St. 
Mary-le-Bow, 27 November, 1702, and her second husband was laid beside 
her, 18 March, 1706/7; their only child, Thomas Burnett, was baptized 17 
Nov., 1700, and died in infancy. 

20 1700. April 2. Robert White, weaver, and Mary Robinson, both of 
Crossgate, married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

1 1700. May 21. Thomas Sharp and Dorothy Rashell, Framwelgate, 
married. Ibid. 

2 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 59. 

3 1700. Aug. 6. Henry Wiseman and Elizabeth (blank) of Crossgate, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

4 1700. Oct. 7. William Webster, parish of St. Nicholas, and Mary 
Pearson. Ibid. 

1700. Oct. 3. William Wabster and Jane Person married at St. 
Margaret's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 



92 

1701. 

April 12. Anthony Dobson, skinner, junior, was married, being 
Satterday. 5 

April 29. Parson Robson and Mrs. Wilson was married, being 
Tuesday. 6 

*June 7. Mathew Maysoii, weaver, and William Belley's daughter 
Christobell (by name Sackless Willey), was married, being Satterday. 
*July 10. John Parkin, dyer, was married to an Auckland lass, 
being Thursday. 

July 27. Mr. Francis Mascall and Mrs. Hannah Ayeton was 
married, being Sunday. 7 

5 1781. April 12. Anthony Dobson, of this parish, and Margaret Chip- 
chase of St. Nicholas' parish, married. St. Giles' Registers. 

6 1701. April 23. Bond of marriage, Philip Robson, A.M., Durham, 
clerk, and Elizabeth "Wilson, spinster. He was probably of Queen's College, 
Oxford; if so he was son of James Eobson of Carlisle, and matriculated 
24th October, 1687, aged 17, B.A. 1691, M.A. 1694. 

7 1701. July 27. Francis Mascal and Hanna Ayton, married. Lan- 
chester Registers. She was daughter of John Ayton of Fawside. 

I. Thomas Mascall, the first of his name to settle in Durham, was son 
of Thomas Mascall of York, " cityzen and imbrotherer," and was admitted 
to the freedom of York in 1660 by patrimony. Having settled in the city 
of Durham as an attorney, he was chosen to be an alderman and became 
coroner for Chester Ward. Being mayor in 1666 when Dugdale made his 
Visitation he obtained a grant of arms sable, six fleurs de lis 3, 'J, and 1 or, 
a crescent, a bordure engrailed or and entered his pedigree, being then 
about forty years of age. By his first marriage with Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Harrison of Framwellgate, whom he married at St. 
Margaret's, 24 Nov., 1647, he had issue eight sons and five daughters; and 
by a second marriage he had one daughter born posthumously. He died 
22 Feb., 1684/5, and was buried at St. Margaret's. Of his large family, 
three sons only shall here be mentioned : — 

Thomas Mascall of Durham, attorney, born circa 1648, married Mary, 

daughter of Timothy Whittinghani of Holmside, and dying 

30 April, 1686, was buried at St. Margaret's.,]/ 
Richard Mascall of Framwellgate, alderman and merchant, baptized 

at St. Margaret's, 4 May, 1652, was buried at St. Oswald's, 8 Jan., 

1724/5.4, 
Francis II. 

II. Francis Mascall of Durham, attorney, baptized at St. Margaret's, 
6 May, 1662, purchased Eppleton in 1692, and was buried at Houghton-le- 
Spring, 6 August, 1725. By his wife, Hannah, daughter of John Ayton of 
Fawside, whom he married at Lanchester, 27 July, 1701, he left, with other 
issue, an eldest son, Francis III. 

III. Francis Mascall of Eppleton, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 23 July, 
1702, married, first in 1733, Hannah, daughter of Archibald Reed of 
Bellingham, sister of John Reed of Chipchase ; secondly, in 1756, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas Lambton of Hardwick, by whom he had issue; and 
thirdly in 1760, Jane, daughter of William Byers of Newbottle, by whom 
he had further issue. He was succeeded by his son, Francis IV. 

IV. Francis Mascall of Eppleton, second but only surviving son of 
Francis Mascall by Elizabeth Lambton, his second wife, baptized at 



93 

Sept. 4. Ephraim Smith was married, being Thursday. 8 

Sept. 23. Mr. Ba.yty, my lord's porter, was married with Richard 
Croft's daughter, being Tuesday. 9 

Oct. 12. Anthony Coltman and Frances Hopper's servant was 
married, being Sunday. 10 

Nov. 20. William Mitchell and Elizabeth Taylor was married, 
being Thursday. 

Nov. 27. Albert and Bett Hodshon was married, being Thurs- 
day. 11 

Houghton-le-Spring, 21 June, 1762, educated at University College, Oxford, 
where he matriculated 9 Dec, 1780, was entered at Lincoln Inn, 13 March, 
1782. He married at St. Mary-le-Bow, 22 November, 1788, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Radcliffe of Cockermouth, by whom he had issue an 
only child, Francis Mascall V., to whom he was at the first so greatly 
attached that he had himself called to the bar on the same day, with him, 
though in every way blameless, he subsequently quarrelled and to his 
lasting shame disinherited him and his issue, leaving the estate of Epple- 
ton, the mansion house and its contents, including a portrait, by Romney, of 
his wife's mother, Maria Dorothy Nowell, to his steward or agent. 

V. Francis Mascall, only son and disinherited heir of the last-named 
Francis Mascall of Eppleton, was baptized at Houghton-le-Spring, 27 Octo- 
ber, 1789, and is said to have been educated at his father's old college, 
although in the entries of admission printed by Foster in Alummi 
Oxonienses there is an apparent confusion between father and son; he was 
entered at Lincoln Inn, 26 May, 1810, and did well at the bar. He left 
(perhaps with other) issue a son, General Mascall, who apparently left 
descendants. Ex. inf. Rev. William Greenwell, 1 Dec, 1914. 

Richard Radcliffe of Cockermouth, a direct descendant of Sir Nicholas 
Radcliffe by his marriage with Margaret de Derwentwater, married Maria 
Dorothy, daughter of John Nowell, receiver, or agent, of the Earl of Carlisle 
at Naworth, by whom he had issue three sons and four daughters : — 

Richard Radcliffe of Durham, solicitor, married Jane, daughter of 
Francis Mascall of Eppleton, and died without surviving issue. 

Henry William Radcliffe, a colonel in the East India Company Service ; 
ob. s.p. 

John Radcliffe, rector of Sutton Coldfield; ob. s.p. 

Elizabeth, married 22 Nov., 1788, Francis Mascall of Eppleton. 

Maria Dorothy, married at Houghton-le-Spring, 12 Jan., 1790, John 
Fisher of Lysick-hall. 

Bridget, married Goodair, Lieut., R.N. 

Anne, married first Nicholson Lightbody of Liverpool and secondly, 
Francis Smales of Durham, solicitor. 
Ex inf. Rev. William Greenwell, March, 1911; cf. Six North Country 
Diaries, p. 218. 

See pedigree of Mascall of Durham and Eppleton, Surtees, Durham, 
vol. i., p. 220. 

8 1701. Sept. 4. Ephraim Smith and Margret Walton, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

9 1701. Sept. 23. John Baty and Thomasine Croft, both servants to ye 
Bishop at ye Castle, married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

10 1701. Sept. 29. Anthoney Coltman and Mary Bailes, Crossgate, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

11 1701. Nov. 27. Albert Hodgshon and Elizabeth Hodgshon, Cross 
gate, married. Ibid. 



94 

Nov. 23. Alderman Gordon and Mrs. Taytam was married, being 
Sunday. !2 

Dec. 11. Mr. Robert Spearman, the SherifiVs brother, was mar- 
ried to Mrs. Webster, being Thursday. 13 

*Jan. 11. The supposed marriage of Francis Middleton, barber, 
junior, and Ann Richardson, whore, being Sunday. 

Jan. 17. Jane Harry, widdow, was married to a collyer, being 
Satterday. 14 

Jan. 29. Mr. John Richardson, junior, attorney at law, was 
married to old Mr. Simon Peacock's daughter of Elvit, being 
Thursday. 15 

1702. 

April 26. William Clarke and Ann Coulson was married, being 
Sunday. 16 

April 26. Christopher Yapdaile and Christop : Ballann's daughter 
was married, being Sunday. 17 . 

May 3. John Rutledg was married, being Sunday. 18 
*May 3. Bett Richardson, Scotch Bess her sister, Lillus is her 
name, was married. 

May 7. William Rippley and Mr. Downes' maid was married, 
being Thursday. 19 

12 1701. Nov. 22. Mr. John Gordon and Mrs. Anne Tatam, married. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. She was apparently widow of Robert Tatam, of 
the parish of St. Nicholas, draper, and was the third wife of John Gordon, 
mercer. Cf. Registers of Durham Cathedral, ed. White, p. 110. 

13 1701. Dec. 11. Mr. Rob. Spearman and Mrs. Han. Webster, mar- 
ried. Cathedral Registers. Robert Spearman of Durham, attorney, fourth 
son of Robert Spearman of Preston, in the parish of Tynemouth, was 
baptised at Tynemouth, 23 April, 1657, and dying on the 18th October, 1728, 
was buried in the Abbey-yard. His wife was Hannah, daughter of William 
Webster, of Stockton, merchant. A pedigree of their descendants may be 
found in Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 96. 

14 1701/2. Jan. 17. Thomas Wilde and Jane Harrey, both of Cross- 
gate, married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

15 1701/2. Jan. 29. John Richardson, of St. Margaret's parish, 
attorney-at-law, and Elizabeth Peacock, of St. Oswald's, married. St. 
Giles' Registers. John Pichardson of Durham, attorney, was son of John 
Richardson, and grandson of the John Richardson who was buried in his 
garden at Caterhouse, 29 September, 1864, see p. 110 post. He was baptized at 
St. Margaret's, 16 Sept., 1672, and died in the month of April, 1716. By 
his marriage with Elizabeth Peacock he had an only son also named John, 
who was baptized 1 Dec, 1702, and resided in Framwellgate. 

Cf. pedigree of Richardson, Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 145. 

16 1702. Mar. 26. Will Clarke, parish of Pittington, and Ann Coulson, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

17 1702. April 26. Christop r Ebdon and Anne Ballant, married. St. 
Oswald's Registers. 

18 1702. May 3. John Rutledge and Jane Hutchinson, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

19 1702. May 7. William Ripley and Alice Littelfare, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 



95 

Aug. 6. William Sherewood and Ann Ellott was married, 
being Thursday. 

Nov. 21. Robert Cooper and Jane Stelling was married, being 
Satterday. 20 

Jan. 3. John Reed of Unthanke, taylor, and Margaret Holmes 
was married, being Sunday. 

Jan. 17. Roger Norton was married to Sarah Greenwell, being 
Sunday. 1 

1703. 

May 23. Thomas Ridley and Hilday Hills was married, being 
Sunday. 2 

May 28. Mr. Robert Dobson, merchant, was married, being 
Friday. 3 

July 20. Michael Walker and Jane Hopper was married, being 
Tuesday. 4 

July 29. William Lee, son to Thomas Lee, cordwayner, was mar- 
ried to Christiany Johnson, being Thursday. 5 

Dec. 11. Stephen Taylor, junior, was married to John Heighon- 
ton's servant. 6 

1704. 

April 23. Robert White, dyer, was married to Allice Burdon, 
being Sunday. 7 

April 25. William Eggleton, butcher, was married to Margaret 
Jackson, being Tuesday. 8 

April 23. Henry Wrangham was married to Bess Natras, being 
Sunday. 

20 1702. Nov. 19. Robt. Cooper and Jane Stelling, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

1 1702/3. Jan. 17. Roger Norton and Sarah Grinwell, married. Ibid. 

2 1703. May 23. Thomas Ridley and Helda Hills, married. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

3 1703. May 28. Robt. Dobson, of St. Nicholas' parish, merchant, and 
Christian Sanderson of ye parish of Barnard Castle. St. Giles' Registers. 
She was daughter of Philip Sanderson of Barnard Castle and grand- 
daughter of Christopher Sanderson ; whose diary is printed in Six North 
Country Diaries. 

4 1703. July 20. Michael Walker and Jane Hopper, Crossgate, mar- 
ried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

5 1703. July 29. William Lee, St. Nicholas' parish, and Christiana 
Jobson of Framwelgate, married. Ibid. 

6 1703. Dec. 12. Stephen Taler and Mary , married. St. 

Nicholas' Registers. 

7 1704. April 23. Robt. White and Alice Burdon, married. Ibid. 

8 1704. April 25. William Egleston and Margaret Jackson, both of the 
chapelry of St. Margaret. St. Mary in the South Bailey Registers. 



96 

April 27. Mr. Ingleby, schoolmaster, was married to his servant, 
Margaret Hall, being with child, being Thursday. 9 

♦May 19. Mr. Burton, schoolmaster to the Gramar Schoole, was 
married to Madam Fenwick. 10 

June 11. Robert White, tobacco merchant, and Frances Pearson 
was married, being Sunday. 11 

June 6. Michael Stott, cordwayner and roper, Gilbert Stott' s 
son, was married, being Tuesday. 12 

June 11. Walter Middleton and Martha Robinson, Mr. Skinner's 
man and maid, married at Warmouth. 13 

July 4. Eloner Thompson was married to a Gyligate man : 
strong Walton lass. 

July 6. Widdow Hills of Gyligate was married to Captain 
William Tempest his coachman, being Thursday. 

Sept. 11. Ann Gofton and a. Gateside man was married, being 
Munday. 

Oct. 12. Mr. Andrews and Ann Richardson was married, being 
Thursday. 14 

Nov. 21. John Huntley and Margaret White was married. 15 

Nov. 23. John Dixon and Jane Kay was married, being 
Thursday. 16 

*Nov. 25. Richard Coulson and Ann Bee was married, being 
Satterday. 

Nov. 26. Mr. Henry Foster, merchant, and Mr. Lee's daughter 
was married, being Sunday. 17 

9 1704. April 27. William Ingleby and Margaret Hall, Crossgate, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

10 1713. July 1. Nicholas Burton, M.A., lecturer at ye Abby and 
St. Nicholas, buried. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

1744. Nov. 3. Elisabeth, relict S r Robt. Fenwick, of Bywell, her first 
husband, and Nicholas Burton, A.M., her second, buried. Ibid. See also 
Six North Country Diaries, p. 62. 

11 1704. June 11. Robert White, St. Nicholas' parish, and Frances 
Pearson, Framwelgate, married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

12 1704. June 7. Michael Stott and Mary Rippon, Framwelgate, mar- 
ried. Ibid. 

13 1704. June 11. Walter Midleton and Martha Robinson of Were- 
mouth, married. Bishop Wearmouth Registers. 

11 John Andrews of Crossgate married Anne, daughter of John Richard- 
son of Framwellgate and Caterhouse, and had, with other issue, a son, John 
Andrews, of Shotley-hall, whose daughter and co-heiress, Anne Andrews, 
married 31st July,' 1800, Charles, 13th Marquess of Winchester. 0/. 
Andrews pedigree, new History of Northumberland, vol. vi., p. 286. 

^1704. Nov. 23. John Huntley and Margaret White, Framwelgate, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

16 1704. Nov. 21. John Dixon, Framwelgate, and Jane Cay, St. Nich- 
olas', married. Ibid. 

17 1704. Nov. 26. Henry Forster and Jane Lee, married. St. Nich- 
olas' Registers. 



97 

Jan. 28. Christopher Wall and Jane was married, being 
Sunday. 18 

1705. 

April 10. Jacob Holland and Mrs. Carr's daughter was married, 
being Tuesday. 19 

April 25. William Hall, saylor, son to Ralph Hall, sexton, was 
married. 

April 28. Ann Taylor, daughter to Stephen Taylor, was married 
to a Barnard-Castle shooemaker, being Satterday. 20 

*May 6. Thomas, son of Thomas Wilkinson, commonly called 
Fish, was married, being Sunday. 

*June 5. Thomas Dent was married to a Sunderland woman. 

April 29. Joseph Harrison and Ann Hall was married, being 
Sunday. 

Nov. 27. William Dixon, taylor, was married, being Tuesday. 1 

1706. 

April 9. Thomas Holmes of Unthank was married to his cosin 
Holmes, being Tuesday. 

*April 14. Bett Kirkhouse and one Lavererick was married. 

June 24. John Tempest, esquire, was married to Madam Jane 
Wharton, being Munday. 2 

June 6. John Smith, glover, was married to Margaret Frizell, 
being Satterday. 3 

Jan. — Mr. John Hutchins was married to Mr. Shadforth's 
daughter, Keeper of Durham Jayle. 4 

Jan. 30. Thomas Mountaine, mayson, was married, being 
Thursday. 5 

18 1704/5. Jan. 28. Christopher Wall and Jane Dunne, Crossgate, 
married. St. Margaret's Registers. 

19 1705. April 10. Jacob Bewchanon and Mary Carr, married. Ibid. 
Can this man have been a Dutchman? See p. 98, post. 

20 1705. April. 28. John Chayter and Anne Taylor, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

1 1705. Nov. 27. William Dixon and Isabel Parsevell, married. Ibid. 

2 1706. June 24. Mr. John Tempest and Mrs. Jane Wharton, married. 
St. Giles' Registers. John Tempest, son and heir of William Tempest of Old 
Durham, was knight of the shire for Durham in 1705, and died in January, 
1737. See pedigree of Tempest, Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 93. 

3 1706. July 6. John Smith and Margaret Frisell, married. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

4 1706/7. Jan. 9. Mr. John Hutchinson and Mrs. Mary Shadforth, 
married. Middleton St. George's Registers. Cf. pedigree of Hutchinson 
of Bitchburn and Dry burn. Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 155. 

5 1706/7. Jan. 30. Thomas Mountain and Elinor Brage, both of this 
chapelry, married. St. Margaret's Registers. 



98 

1707. 

John Logan was married. 6 

Mathew Holland was married with Thomas Catcheside's 

Thomas White, weaver, was married. 
Bet Buckley was married. 8 
Bet Trollop was married. 9 
Jane Harry was married to Emmerson. 10 
John Hall was married to George Forster's sister. 11 
Mr. Forster and Bett Madeson was married. 12 
John Rutledge was married to Margaret Robson, 
Robinson (sic), being Sunday. 13 

Dec. 27. William Brocket and Bet Trollopp was married. 



May 


1. 


May 


18. 


daughter. 7 


June 10. 


Oct. 


7. 


Oct. 


7. 


Oct. 


10. 


Oct. 


12. 


Oct. 


12. 


Nov. 


9. 



6 1707. May 1. John Logan and Margrat Byerly, both of St. Mar- 
garet's, Durham, married. Cathedral Registers. 

7 1707. May 18. Matthew Blewcannon and Margrat Catcheside, both 
of this chapelry, married. St. Margaret's Registers. Can this have been 
another Dutchman. See p. 97 supra. 

8 1707. Oct. 7. Richard Hornsbey and Margrett Buckley, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

9 1707. Dec. 27. William Brocket and Elizabeth Trowlop, married. 
Ibid. 

10 1707. Oct. 11. John Wright and Jane Herry, married. Ibid. 

11 1707. Oct. 12. John Hall and Dorothea Smith, married. Ibid. 

12 1707. Oct. 12. Thomas Foster and Elizabeth Maddison, married by 
licence. Esh Registers. 

13 1707. Nov. 9. John Rutlas, parish of St. Margaret and Margaret 
Robinson, of this parish, married. St, Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

14 1707. Dec. 27. William Brocket and Elizabeth Trowlop, married. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 



99 



MORTALITY. 

1672. 
Aug. 7. Tho. Milner, gardener, departed this life. 1 * 

1681. 

Sept. 21. Mr. Snaith, Mr. Emmerson's father-in-law, departed 
this life ye 21st day of September in Giligate and was buried at 
Witton. 

Oct. 1. David Eales, plumber, .... being Satterday at 
night. 1 

Nov. 14. Allis Peareson, Buney BuckeTs sister, .... being 
Munday. 2 

Deo. 6. George Walton, cripple and headman to my lord, 
.... being Tuesday. 3 

Dec. 13. Ann Dent, widow, she came from Rumblekirk, .... 
being Tuesday. 4 

Dec. 27. Old Isabel Wade, senior, .... being Tuesday. 5 

Jan. 9. Thomas Weames, junior, in Elvitt, .... being 
Munday. 6 

Feb. 13. Mrs. Church, wife of Mr. John Church, attorney- at-law, 
.... being Munday. 7 

Feb. 2. Thomas Weames, senior, .... being Thursday. 8 

Mar. 1. Henry Peareson, John Simpson's ostler, was buried, 
being Ash Wednesday. 9 

Mar. 3. Robert Wissman, of Crossgate, .... being Fryday. 10 

la 1672. Aug. 8. Thomas Milner, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
After this entry the words ' departed this life ' have been omitted. 

1 1681. Oct. 2. David Eales, buried. Cathedral Begisters. 

2 1681. Nov. 15. Catherine, wife of Thomas Pearson, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

3 1681. Dec. 7. George Walton, buried. Ibid. 

4 1681. Dec. 14. Ann Dent, widow, buried. Ibid. 

5 1681. Dec. 28. Isabell Waide, a weedow, buried. Ibid. 

6 1681/2. Jan. 10. Thomas Weames, son of Thomas Weames, skinner, 
buried. St. Oswald's Begisters. 

7 1681/2. Feb. 14. Mrs. Isabell Church, wife of Mr. John Church, of 
the parish of St. Nicholas', buried. Ibid. 

1681/2. Feb. 14. Mrs. Church, wife of Mr. John Church, buried at 
St. Oswald's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

8 1681/2. Mar. 3. Thomas Weames, skinner, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

9 1681/2. Mar. 1. Henry Peirson, buried. Cathedral Registers. 

10 1681/2. Mar. 3. Robert Wisman, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 



100 

Mar. 5. George Ridley, senior, putterer, of Elvitt, departed 
this life, being Sunday, going to church. 11 

Mar. 18. John Clarke, virger in Abby Church, .... being 
Satterday. 12 

1682. 

Mar. 27. Mr. Joyce, petty cannon of Abbey Church, .... 
being Munday. 

April 6. William Reed, junior, merchant, .... being Thurs- 
day morning. 14 

April 13. John Lowther, attorney-at-law, and ye Sheriff's clarke, 
.... being Skyes (sic) Thursday. 15 

April 17. James Harry, junior, .... being Easter Munday 
morning. 16 

April 19. Mr. Samuel Martin, priest, .... being Wednes- 
day." 

April 30. Jane Hutchinson, wife to Cuthbert Hutchinson, taylor, 
.... being Sunday. 18 

11 1681/2. Mar. 7. George Riddley, peuterer, buried. St. Oswald's 
Begisters. 

12 1681/2. Mar. 19. John Clark, buried. St. Margaret's Begisters. 

14 1682. Apr. 7. William Reed, buried. Ibid. 

15 1682. Apr. 14. Mr. John Lowther of the city of Durham, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

16 1682. Apr. 18. James Harry, buried. St. Margaret's Begisters. 

17 1682. Apr. 20. Samuel Martin, minor canon of this church, buried. 
Cathedral Registers. 

I. Samuel Martin, master of Bishop Langley's school, a minor canon of 

the Cathedral, and also, from 1663 to 1680, perpetual curate of St. 
Nicholas', married Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Sonkey, jailor of 
Durham. She was buried at the Cathedral, 29 June, 1676, and he was 
laid beside her 20 April, 1682. They had (perhaps with other) issue : — 

Samuel Martin, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 19 November, 1644, 
of St. John College, Cambridge, where he matriculated 21 
June, 1661. 

John II. 

Elizabeth, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 8 April, 1642. 

Thomasine, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 12 November, 1652. 

II. John Martin of Durham, mercer, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 5 June, 

1650; of the parish of St. Nicholas'; buried at the Cathedral, 16 June, 
1702; having had issue: — 

Samuel, baptized at St. Nicholas', 10 November, 1700, the first 

baptized in the new font. 
[Elizabeth, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 28 July. 1697.] 
Grace, baptized St. Nicholas', 3 September, 1702; buried 7 Septem- 
ber, 1702. 
The relationship of John Martin, curate of St. Nicholas', 1682-1697, and 
a minor canon, who was buried at the Cathedral, 11 November, 1697,. 
and registered at St. Nicholas', has not been ascertained. 

18 1682. May 1. Jane, wife of Cuthbertt Hutchinson, buried. St. 

Margaret's Begisters. 



101 ' - 

May 2. Jane Wood, wife to Dick Wood, glover, .... being 
Tuesday. 19 

May 21. Mrs. Ledger, .... being Sunday. 20 

May 24. Thomas Thompson, called by ye name of Start Faire, 
... .being Wednesday, at night. 1 

May 25. Cuthbert Hutchinson, taylor, .... being Thurs- 
day. 2 

May 31. Elizabeth Corneforth, .... being Wednesday. 3 

June 17. Mr. Thompson, petty cannon of ye Cathedral of 
Durham, .... being Satterday morning. 4 

June 19. Isabell Lodge, aills Benson, wife to John Benson, cooke 
to the Dean of Durham, .... being Munday at night. 5 

June 24. Margaret Browne, mid-wife, .... being Satterday, 
in ye morning erely. 6 

June 25. Mr. John Stokeld, alderman, .... being Sunday. 7 

June 25. Edward Carver, ye gaoler's man, .... being Sun- 
day. 8 

July 8. Richard Wood, glover, .... being Sattorday. 9 

19 1682. May 3. Jane Wood, wife of Richard Wood of the parish of St. 
Nicholas, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1682. May 3. Jane Wood, wife of Richard Wood, glover, buried at 
St. Oswald's. St, Nicholas' Registers. 

20 1682. May 22. Mrs. Jane Ledgard, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
1 1682. May 25. Thomas Thompson, buried. Ibid. 
2 1682. May 21. Cuthbert Hutchinson, buried. Ibid. 
3 1682. June 1. Elizabeth Cornforth, buried. Ibid. 
4 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 45. 

5 1682. June 20. Isabell, wife of Jo. Benson, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. 

6 1682. June 24. Margaret Brown, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
7 1682. June 26. Mr. John Stokeld, mercer and alderman, buried, 
templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

John Stokeld was mayor of Durham in 1665. By Mary, his wife, who was 
buried in St. Nicholas', 23 March, 1668/9, he had (perhaps with other) 
issue : — 

John, buried in St. Nicholas', 5 August, 1664. 

Daniel, baptized at St. Nicholas', 6 April, 1665 ; buried 9 January, 

1667/8. 
Timothy, buried in St. Nicholas', 23 September, 1666. 
Jane, baptized at St. Nicholas', 7 December, 1658. 
Ann,' baptized at St. Nicholas', 21 February, 1662/3; buried 24 

Nov., 1665. 
Jane, baptized at St. Nicholas', 31 October, 1667. 
The connection of the above-named John Stokeld with Thomas Stokeld, 
who was mayor of Durham in 1677, has not been ascertained. 
8 1682. June 25. Edward Carver of ye parish of St. Nicholas, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

9 1682. July 9. Richard Wood of the parish of St. Nicholas, buried. 
Ibid. 



102 

July 7. Mrs. Lodge, wife to Mr. Anthony Lodge, .... being 

Fry day. 10 

July 14. Doctor Danzey, Doctor of Phisick, .... being 

Friday. 10 * 

*Ju]y 28. Captain Thomas Featherston, of Stanhope hall, . . . . 

being Friday, at night about 11 a clock. 11 

Aug. 28. Thomason Loftus' daughter, Elizabeth Loftus, .... 

being Munday. 12 

*Sept. 6. Mr. William Witherington, one of the beadmen of 

Abby Church, .... being Wednesday. 

Sept. 22. John Moody, carraige man, .... being Friday. 13 
Sept. 25. Mr. Cam, parson of Gyligate, .... being Munday. 14 
Oct. 2. Robert Cogden, late bellman, .... being Munday. 15 
Oct. 3. Mr. Timothy Whittingham, senior, of Homsside, 

.... being Tuesday. 16 

10 1682. July 7. Merrell, wife of Mr. Anthony Lodge, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. 

10a 1682. July 15. Mr. Edward Dantesey, Doctor of Physic, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

By Brilliana, his wife, who was buried at St. Oswald's, 4 Dec, 1673, he 
had issue : — 

John, baptized, St. Oswald's, 21 April, 1663 [Pburied, 27 Oct., 

1738]. 
Edward Dantesey, baptized, St Oswald's, 19 Jan., 1664/5. 
Thomas, baptized St. Oswald's, 26 Nov., 1668; buried on the 

following day. 
Gabriel, baptized St. Oswald's, 29 Nov., 1670; buried 16 Jan.. 

1671/2. 
Brilliana, buried St. Oswald's, 8 May, 1662. 

Alice, baptized St. Oswald's, 15 May, 1666; buried 1 June following. 
Philippa, baptized St. Oswald's, 23 Jan., 1671/2. 
11 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 45. 

12 1682. Aug. 29. Thomasin Loftus, spinster, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

13 1682. Sept. 23. John Muddy, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
14 William Cam, perpetual curate of St. Giles' from about 1678 to his 
death, buried St. Giles' 26 Sept. 1682. 

15 1682. Oct. 3. Robert Cogdon, Segerston, buried. St. Nicholas" 
Registers. 

16 Timothy Whittingham, born 1611, was the eldest son of Timothy 
Whittingham (who died in the life time of his father), grandson and heir of 
Sir Timothy Whittingham of Holmside, and the representative of William 
Whittingham, the much abused Elizabethan Dean of Durham. He was 
admitted to Gray's Inn 11 Feb., 1632/3, and succeeded to Holmside on his 
grandfather's death in 1638. As was to be expected he was of the Puritan 
way of thinking, and in his household maintained a chaplain named Clement 
Fulthorpe, who probably acted as tutor to his children. He was a member 
of the family of Fulthorpe, of Tunstall, whose pedigree is given in Surtees* 
Durham, vol. iii, p. 127. It is stated that Fulthorpe became a backslider 
and occasioned the loss of money to his patron. Timothy Whittingham 
was buried in the chancel of Lanchester, 9 October, 1682, but singular to 
say his name does not appear on any one of the three limestone slabs which 
marks the resting place of the family. He left a Diary which is at present 
inaccessible. 



Deo. 


26, 


Dec. 


30. 


Jan. 


4. 


Jan. 


4. 


Jan. 


5. 



103 

Oct. 26. Dorithy Belly, .... being Thirsday. 17 
*Nov. 20. William Roses, junior, .... being Munday, and a 
great wind which blew one halfe of ye west end of a window in Abby 
Church. 

Dec. 4. Margaret Whitfield; wife to Christopher Whitfield, 
.... being Munday. 18 

Dec. 12. Anthony Fewster, son to William Feuster, .... 
about 12 a'clock at night, being Tuesday. 19 

Dec. 13. And Henry Brice, his son, .... being Wednesday. 20 
Henry Wood, .... at night. 1 
George Jopling, . . . being Satterday. 2 
Robert Padman, .... being Thursday. 3 
Dr. Cartwright 's wife, .... at night. 4 
Mr. George Wilson, commonly called Judge Wilson, 
.... being Friday at night. 5 

Jan. 16. Nicholas Ladler, butcher, senior, .... being 
Tuesday. 

Jan. 24. Mr. Appleby, which lay at Mr. Duck's, .... being 
Wednesday at night. 6 

Jan. 26. Mr. Richard Mathews, senior, . . . being Fryday. 7 

17 1682. Oct. 27. Dorothy Belly, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

18 1682. Dec. 5. Margaret Whitfeild, senior, widow, buried templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

19 1682. Dec. 11. Anthony Fuster, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

20 1682. Dec. 11. Hennery Brice, buried. Ibid. 

1 1682. Dec. 27. Henry Wood, of the parish of St. Nicholas, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

2 1682. Dec. 31. George Jopling, cordwainer, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

3 1682/3. Jan. 5. Robert Padman, of ye parish of St. Nicholas', barber, 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

4 1682/3 Jan. 6. Sarah, wife of Dr. Tho. Cartwright, Deane of Rippon, 
buried. Cathedral Registers. Dr. Thomas Cartwright became prebendary 
of the fifth stall of Durham Cathedral 15 November, 1672, Dean of Ripon in 
1675, and Bishop of Chester in 1686. See Registers of Durham Cathedral, 
ed. White, p. 11. 

5 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 45. 

6 1682/3 Jan. 26. Mr. Francis Appelbie, of the parish of St. Nicholas, 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1682/3. Jan. 26. Mr. Frauncis Appleby, a parishioner, buried in the 
chancell of St. Oswald's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

7 1682/3. Jan. 27. Richard Mathewes, gent., buried. Cathedral 
Registers. 

Richard Matthew, described as ' gentleman,' resided in the parish of St. 



104 

Mar. 6. Christopher Fenwick, milner, .... being Tuesday 
morning. 8 

*Mar. 12. Mr. Anthony Smith, one© a member in Parliament in 
Oliver's time, .... being Munday at night. 9 

1683. 

*April 1 1 . Frances Shaw, servant to Thomas Skinner, .... very 
suddenly, being Wednesday, being very well ye Munday befor in my 
house, Jacob Bee. 

April 23. John Archebald, allis Catch, .... being St. George's 
day. 10 

April 27. Mrs. Briggs, of Broomhall, died in childbirth, being 
Friday. 11 

Mary le Bow, at which church his first wife, Margery, was buried, 11 
July, 1649. They had issue: — 

William, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 16 Aug., 1629. 

Thomas, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 1 Nov., 1633. 

Cuthbert, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 11 Feb., 1635/6; buried 17 

May, 1643. 
Eichard, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 1 Aug., 1642. 
Fortune, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 17 Nov., 1631; buried 11 Sept., 

1634. 
Frances, baptized St. Mary le Bow, 11 Feb., 1735/6; buried 11 

Feb., 1635/6. 
Mary, baptized at St. Mary le Bow, 6 Nov., 1638; buried 14 May, 

1643. 
Elizabeth, baptized at St. Mary le Bow, 30 June, 1640. 
Elizabeth, baptized at St. Mary le Bow, 11 June, 1646. 

Eichard Matthews married a second time Isabel , who was buried at 

the Cathedral, 21 Dec, 1687. 

8 1682/3. March 7. Christopher Fenwick, milner, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

Christopher Fenwick, by Frances, his wife (who died 25 Dec, 1684), had 
issue, two sons and three daughters, all baptized at St. Nicholas' : 
John, baptized 30 April, 1671. 

James, baptized 26 May, 1672, buried 26 Oct., 1673. 
Thomasin, baptized 27 Dec, 1666. 

Barbara, baptized 21 June, 1674, buried 11 Oct., 1679. 
Frances, baptized 21 May, 1676. 

9 1682/3. March 13. Mr. Anthony Smith, mercer, buried, templo. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. He was Burgess in Parliament for the City of 
Durham in 1654 and again in 1656. Surtees states (Durham, vol. iv, p. 18) 
that he was one of the members who offered the crown and the title of King 
to Cromwell. 

10 1683. April 24. John Archbold, als. Capt. Catch, buried in woollen. 
St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

11 1683. April 25. Frances, wife of Mr. Thomas Briggs, buried. 
Witton Gilbert Registers. 



105 

May 4. Mr. Ambrose Heighington, son, to Mr. William Heigh- 
ington, .... being Friday. 12 

May 8. Elizabeth. Brownie, widdow to Thomas Browne, ye Mayor 
sargient, .... being Tuesday. 13 

May 13. Mr. Blackston, Madd Blaokston, .... being Sunday, 
at night. 14 

May 20. John Wharton, hatter, .... being Sunday. 15 
May 21. Richard Padman, barber, the elder, .... being 
Munday. 16 

June 6. Mr. Robert Reed's wife, ye apothecary, . . . . 17 
*June 6. Margret Richardson, ye mid-wife, .... being Wed- 
nesday morning. 

*June 6. William Fawcett, bowmaker, departed this life in the 
gaoll in Durham. 

June 13. Ann Brass, Margaret Robson's mother, of Harom, being 
Wednesday. 

June 17. Christopher Skirrey, .... being Sunday. 18 
June 30. John Kenleside, .... being Saturday. 19 
July 8. John Fairless, tanner, .... being Sunday. 20 
Sept. 22. Ann Wilson, wife to Robert Willson, glover, .... 
"being Satterday, at night. 1 

12 1683. May 5. Mr. Ambrose Highington, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. Ambrose Heighington, a son of William Heighington, of the 
•city of Durham, took out a licence, 26 September, 1676, to marry Catherine, 
daughter and co-heir of Dr. Thomas Musgrave, Dean of Carlisle and pre- 
bendary of Durham, and by her had issue two sons and two daughters. 
See Registers of Durham Cathedral, ed. White, p. 14; Heighington pedigree, 
Surtees, Durham, vol. i, p. 99. 

"1683. May 9. Elizabeth Browne, of the parish of St. Nicholas', 
widow, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1683. May 9. Elizabeth Browne, widow, a parishioner, buried at St. 
Oswald's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

14 1683. May 15. Henry Blakiston, gent., buried. Cathedral Registers. 
He was a younger son of Sir William Blakiston of Gibside, kniglit; and 
married Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of William Blakiston of York, 
attorney at law, by whom he had issue. See Registers of Durham Cathedral, 
ed. White, p. 103. 

15 1683. May 21. John Wharton, feltmaker, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

16 1683. May 22. Mr. Richard Padman, of the parish of St. Nicholas, 
barber, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1683. May 22. Mr. Richard Padman, senior, barbsr. buried in the 
churchyard of St. Oswald's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

17 1683. June 7. Mrs. Isabell Reed of the parish of St. Nicholas, wife 
•of Mr. Robert Reed, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1683. June 7. Issabell Reed, wife of Mr. Robert Reed, apothcary, a 
parishioner, buried at St. Oswald's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

18 1683. June 18. Cristopher Shirry, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

19 1683. . July 1, John Keinlaside, skinner, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers . 

20 1683. July 8. John Fairlass, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
neSS. Sept. 21. Ann, wife of Robertt Wilson, buried. Ibid. 



406 

Sept. 27. Mrs. Jefferson, Lawyer Jefferson's mother, .... 
being Thirsday. 2 

Nov. 5. Ann Atkinson, John Maddeson's wife's sister, .... 
being Munday. 3 

Nov. 15. Allice Wills, .... being Thursday. 4 
Dec. 7. Thomas Botcherby, .... being Friday. 5 
Dec. 21. Elizabeth Hodshon, wife to Edward Hodshon, milner, 
.... being Friday. 6 

*Ja,n. 8. Robert Hilton, esquire, Justice of ye Peace in. Westmor- 
land, came to Durham and lived in the Coledge : he died very sud- 
denly, having been abroad, at supper, the night bef or and went very 
well to bed ye night before, being Tuesday morning. 7 

2 1683. Sept. 28. Mrs. Margaret Jefferson, widow, buried in the quire. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

I. Richard Jefferson, of the parish of St. Nicholas', had issue : — 

John II. 

Elizabeth, baptized at St. Nicholas', 23 Dec, 1604, buried, 26 
Feb., 1614/5. 

II. John Jefferson, mercer, baptized at St. Nicholas', 29 Jan., 1603/4, 

married, at St. Giles', 6 June, 1631, Margaret, daughter of Hugh 
Walton, alderman, and died before the 18 Mav, 1643 : his widow died 
27 Sept., 1683: they had issue: — 
John III. 

Thomas Jefferson, mercer and postmaster of Durham, baptized 
at St. Nicholas', 5 Jan., 1639/40, married, 26 Oct., 1674, at 
St. Mary's in the South Bailey, Margaret Frizell, and was 
buried in St. Nicholas' chancel, 10 Nov., 1685. 
Anthony, posthumous, baptized at St. Nicholas', 18 May, 1643. 
Jane, baptized at St. Nicholas', 12 April, 1638, buried, 27 Jan., 
1638/9. 

III. Sir John Jefferson, baptized at St. Nicholas', 13 Sept., 1635, entered at 
Grav's Inn, 26 Nov., 1651; admitted free of the Mercers' Companv, 
21 Dec, 1663; sergeant-at-law, 1683; Recorder of Durham, 1686-1691; 
Justice of Common Pleas, Ireland, 1691; knighted at Dublin, 5 Nov., 
1692. He married, at Gateshead, 22 Sept., 1664, Elizabeth, daughter 
of James Cole, brother of Sir Nicholas Cole of Brancepeth, bart., 
by whom he had issue : — 

James, baptized at St. Nicholas', 12 June, 1666, buried in the 

chancel of the same church, 17 Sept., 1673. 
John, baptized at St. Oswald's, 5 July, 1681. 
Elizabeth, baptized at St. Nicholas', 9 June, 1670. 
Margaret, baptized at St. Oswald's, 27 May, 1679. 
Anne, baptized at St. Oswald's, 11 June, 1683. 
See pedigree; Surtees, Durham, vol. iv, p. 156. 

3 1683. Nov. 6. Anne Atkinson, spinster, buried. St. Oswald's 

Registers. 

4 1683. Nov. 16. Alizes, wife of Thomas Wills, buried. Si* Margaret's 
Registers. 

5 1683. Dec. 8. Thomas Botchbey, joyner, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

1683. Dec 22. Elizabeth, wife of Edward Hodgshon, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

7 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 47. 



107 

Jan. 11. Mary Middle ton, wife to Francis Middleton, barber, 

.... being Friday. 8 

Jan. 19. Katherin Hubback, alis May son, .... being Satter- 
day. 9 

Jan. 31. Margret Hand, wife of Thomas Hand, .... being 
Thursday. 19 

Feb. 9. David Dunce, milnewright, .... being Satterday. 11 

Feb. 10. Mr. William Fenwicke of ye Bull, .... being 
Sunday." 

Feb. 16. Poor John Black ett, servant to Mr. Clarke, .... 
being Friday. 13 

*Feb. 29. Richard Hutchinson, son to Richard Hutchinson, com- 
monly called Little Dick, .... being Friday. 

Mar 3. John Dobinson of Crossgate, tanner, .... being 
Munday. 14 

Mar. 16. Rowland Harrison, glover, son to John Harrison, car- 
penter, .... being Sunday at night. 15 

Mar. 17. Old Mrs. Mathew, .... being Munday, at night. 16 

8 1683/4. Jan. 12. Mary, wife of Francess Middelton, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

9 1683/4. Jan. 20. Katherine Hubbock, buried on Sunday. Cathedral 
Registers. 

1683/4 Jan. 20. Catherine, wife of Mr. John Hubbock, sen., buried in 
the Abbey churchyard. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

10 1683/4. Feb. 2. Margaret Hand, widow, buried, Umplo. Ibid. 

11 1683/4. Feb. 10. David Dunce, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

12 1683/4. Feb. 11. Mr. William Fenwick, buried, templo. St. Nich- 
olas' Registers. 

William Fenwick, of the Bull, in the parish of St. Nicholas', Durham, 
was the owner of a small freehold estate at Newton Garths, in the parish 
of Boldon, purchased in 1604 by his predecessor, variously described as of 
Shele Mylne, in the county of Durham, and of Whitchester, in the parish 
of Heddon-on-the-Wall, whose will is dated 25 June, 1615. His wife was 
Mary, only daughter and heir of John Hall, of Durham, alderman and 
vintner, and by whom he had no issue. She, in her widowhood, on the 29 
Jan., 1686/7, presented a chalice, still in use, to St. Nicholas' church. It 
bears the arms argent three martlets, two and one, a crescent on the honor 
point for difference, and on a chief, three martlets in fess for Fenwick, im- 
paling a chevron between three demi-lions rampant, on a chief as many 
annulets fretty for Hall {Proceedings of Newcaslte Soc. of Antiq., 2 ser., 
vol. iv, p. 126). After her husband's death the widow apparently continued 
to keep on the Bull, which may have been her own property, to her death on 
the 25 Sept., 1689. William Fenwick's will, dated 20 Oct., 1677, names 
his brother, Ralph Fenwick, of Great Bavington, in the parish of 
Whelpington, and his two sons, viz. : William Fenwick, of Nunnykirk, and 
Ralph Fenwick. Michael Fenwick, son of the last-named Ralph, sold 
Newton Garths in 1711. See Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 52. 

13 1683/4. Feb. 18. John Blackett, buried. Ibid. 

14 1683/4. March 4. John Dobinson, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

15 1683/4. March 17. Rowland Harrison, buried. Ibid. 

16 1683/4. March 18. Rebecca Mathewes, buried on Tuesday. Cath- 
edral Registers. 



108 



1684. 



April 1. Matthew Craggs, taylor, in Sadler Street, . . . 
being Tuesday. 17 

* April 3. Old Mrs. Morland, Justice Morland's wife, . . . 
being Thursday. 18 

* April 10. Elizabeth Bee, wife to Nicholas Bee, in childbirth, 
. .' . . being Thursday. 19 

April 1 1 . Old Jane Teasdall, of Crossgate, .... about one in 
the morning, being Friday. 20 

April 16. Mr. John Hall of Framwelgate, tanner, .... being 
Wednesday. 1 

April 20. John Parsley, .... being Sunday. 
♦May 2. Mary Coats was drowned beside Keepier, being Friday 
morning, about two as was supposed. 

*May 14. Mrs. Sarah Hodgshon, Nick Hodshon's wife, silver- 
smith, .... being Wednesday at night. 2 

*May 15. Old William Maddeson, John Maddeson's father, Mr. 
Jefferson's ostler, .... being Thursday betwixt 8 and 9 at night. 

•May 18. Mr. Lee, an exciseman, lay at Robert Cornforth, 
.... being Sunday in the srnale-pocks. 

July 8. Mr. John Browne, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Tuesday, in the morning. 3 

July 22. Magdalin Wells, wife to John Wells, chapman, .... 
being Tuesday, dieing in childbirth. 4 

July 28. Margret Lassells, grandchild to Mr. Heighington, 
being Munday. 5 

Aug. 1. Richard Wright of Langley, .... being Friday. 

Aug. 10. Old Hugh Stott, tanner ...... being Sunday. 6 ' 

17 1684. April 2. Matthew Craggs, draper taylor, buried. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

18 For pedigree of Morland, see Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 276. 

19 She was the Diarist's daughter-in-law, being- Elizabeth Harason, who 
was married to Nicholas Bee, 5 July, 1681, at St. Margaret's. 

20 1684. April 20. Jane Tesdell, buried. St, Margaret's Registers. 

1 1684. April 17. Mr. John Hall, buried. Ibid. 

2 1684. May 15. Sarah, wife of Nicholas Hodgson, buried Thursday. 
Cathedral Registers. Her husband was buried at St. Oswald's, 9 Sept., 
1712. 

3 1684. July 8. Mr. John Browne, buried. St. Margaret's Begisters. 

4 1684. July 23. Magdallen, wife of John Wailes, buried. Ibid. 

5 1684. July 29. Margarett Lasshalls, buried. Ibid. She was daugh- 
ter of Thomas Lascells who married, 9 Sept., 1669, at St. Margaret's, 
Frances Heighington. The family of Lascells, owners of Mount Grace in 
Yorkshire, resided in the city of Durham at the end of the seventeenth 
and the beginning of the eighteenth century. See pedigree of Heighington, 
Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 99. 

6 1684. August 10. Hew Stoote, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 



109 

*Aug. 10. Thomasin Adamson, old Parson Martin's daughter, 
Cholertcn's wife, .... being Sunday. 7 

*Aug. 1 3 . John Raw of Bearparke, dyed of a broken legg ait 
Plawsworth, being Thursday. 

Aug. 14. Mr. Ralph Davison, justice of ye peace, .... being 
Friday. 8 

Aug. 20. Mary Corner, wife to Mathew Corner, senior, .... 
being Wednesday. 9 

Sept. 6. Mr. Shutles worth of Elvitt, .... being Satterday 
morning. 10 

Sept. 7. William Rowell, mason, . . . . n 

7 1677. July 5. Bond of marriage, Robert Adamson of Elsdon, North- 
umberland, and Thomasin Martyn. She was buried at the Cathedral. 
See also Six North Country Diaries, p. 48. 

8 1684. Aug. 17. Ralph Davison, esq., buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

I. Ralph Davison, of Durham and of Thornley, second son of Sir Alexander 

Davison, of Newcastle, knight and alderman, baptized at St. Nicholas', 
Newcastle, 11 July, 1609, married, 16 Jan., 1637/8, Timothea, daughter 
of Sir William Belasis, of Morton House, and dying 15 Aug., 1684, 
was buried at St. Oswald's, aged 74, where there is, or was, a monu- 
ment to his memory. He had issue: — 

William II. 

Alexander Davison of London, baptized at Houghton-le-Spring, 
18 Nov., 1638. 

Thomas Davison, baptized at Grindon, 2 June, 1641. 

Ralph Davison, baptized at Grindon, 28 June, 1644 

Anne, baptized at Grindon, 1 May, 1642. 

Margaret, baptized at Houghton-le-Spring, 23 Mar., 1642/3. 

Mary, baptized at Grindon, 18 Feb., 1646/7. 

II. William Davison, of Durham and Thornley, born circa 1640; entered 

at Gray's Inn, 1 May, 1656; buried at St. Oswald's, 29 April, 1696. 
By his wife, Joan, daughter of William Pennyman, of Normanby, who 
was buried at St. Oswald's, 18 Nov., 1689, he had issue : — 

Ralph Davison, of Durham and Thornley, born at Layton, educated 
at St. Paul's school, London, and at St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge, matriculated, 9 June, 1687, aged 18, buried, St. 
Oswald's, 5 May, 1699. 

Alexander Davison, of Durham, baptized at Sedgefield, 17 Feb., 1671. 

John, baptized, St. Oswald's, 1 June, 1673, buried, 10 Feb., 1676/7. 

Thomas Davison, baptized, St. Oswald's, 9 Aug., 1674. 

James, baptized, St. Oswald's, 29 Aug., 1675. 

Charles Davison, of Durham, baptized, St. Oswald's, 15 Oct., 1676. 

John, baptized, St. Oswald's, 8 May, 1681. 

William Davison, baptized, St. Oswald's, 18 June, 1682. 

Joseph Davison, baptized, St. Oswald's, 4 Nov., 1683; educated at 
Durham and St. John's College, Cambridge, matriculated, 15 
June, 1702, aged 18. 

James, baptized, St. Oswald's, 25 July, 1686, of North Biddic. 

Anne, baptized, St. Oswald's, 25 Nov., 1677, buried, 18 Jan., 1678/9. 

Margaret, baptized, St. Oswald's, 5 Jan., 1677/8. 

Mary, baptized, St. Oswald's, 11 Mar., 1679/80, buried, 4 April, 1681. 

9 1684. Aug. 20. Mary Corner, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
10 Apparently a member of the family of Shuttleworth of Gawthorp and 
of Forcet, who were closely connected with the Tempests of Old Durham. 
11 1684. Sept. 7. William Rowell, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 



110 

*Sept. 28. John Richardson, senior, and maltman and tanner, in 
Framwelgate, .... being Sunday, being excommunicated, and 
buried in his owne garden at Cater-house, nere Durham, being denyed 
by the Bishopp to bury him in the church, it being his desire, the 
grave was opened in ye quire but shup (sic) up againe by orders, as 
above; buried the 29th. 12 

Sept. 28. Mr. Hugh Hutchinson, book-binder, his wife, . . . . 
being Sunday. 13 

Oct. 7. Ann Hall, wife to Ralph Hall, tayler, .... being 
Tuesday morning. 14 

Oct. 24. Mr. Robert Conyers of Netlesworth, .... being 
Friday. 15 

Nov. 20. Nicholas Dixon, glover, .... being Thursday. 16 

Nov. 26. Mrs. Humes, the javlor's wife, .... being Wednes- 
day. 17 

*Nov. 29. Doctor John Sudbury, Dean of Durham, .... being 
Satterday, at night about 10 a clock and was buried upon ye Wed- 
nesday after. 18 

Dec. 6. Ralph Teasdall, senior, glover, .... being Satter- 
day morning. 19 

Dec. 7. John Dothwaite, beadman, of the Place Greene, . . . 
6eing Sunday morning, being betwixt 4 and five in the morning. 20 

*Dec. 7. A boy called Richard Beaverly, Ralph Hutchinson, 
joyner and baker, his wife being his whole aunt, .... being Sunday. 

Dec. 24. Francis Fenwick, Christopher Fenwick's wife, milner, 
.... being Wednesday. 1 

12 The explanation of the bishop's action was probably as follows: — 
Neither incumbent nor diocesan has power to deny the common-law right 
of burial for a deceased parishioner, although the incumbent may select 
an unacceptable spot in the grave yard; but the bishop, as ordinary, was 
clearly within his rights in refusing any burial within the chancel, and 
probably also within any other part of the church itself. The representa- 
tives of the deceased probably followed the course adopted after being 
refused the demand for a chancel burial, on the plea of ' all or nothing.' 

13 1684. Sept. 29. Mrs. Hutchinson, wife of Hugh Hutchinson, book- 
seller, buried in the chancell of St. Margaret's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

14 1684. Oct. 7. Ann, wife of Ralph Hall, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

15 Robert Conyers, of Nettlesworth, was the third son of Sir John 
Conyers of Horden, first baronet. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., 
p. 29. 

16 1684. Nov. 21. Nickolass Dixon, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

17 1684. Nov. 27. Mrs. Isabell Humes, wife of Mr. George Humes, 
jaylor, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

18 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 49. 

19 1684. Dec. 6. Ralph Tesdell, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

20 1684. Dec. 7. Jo. Douthwaite, beadman, buried on Sunday. 
Cathedral Registers. 

1 1684. Dec. 25. Frances Fenwick, widow, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 



Ill 

*Dec. 25. John Etherington, showmaker and seargeant for Mr. 
Mayor concerning the lotes, .... being Thursday. 

Jan. 1. Justice Blackston, in Elmit, .... being Thursday. 2 
*Jan. 17. John Borrow, .... being Satterday : 'twas reported 
yt he see a coach drawne by 6 swine all black, and a black man satt 
upon the cotch box; he fell sick upon't and dyed, and of his death 
severall apparritions appeared after. 

Jan. 31. Old John Skeathlock, .... being Saterday. 3 

Feb. 6. King Charles ye Second departed this life the 6th day 
of Feb., being Friday, this year 1684/5, dying in a distemper call'd 
an appoplexy. 

Feb. 17. Stephen Harrison, joyner and carpenter, .... be- 
twixt the hours of 12 and one in ye morning, being Tuesday. 4 

Feb. 17. Katheron Rowell, wife to William Rowell, mason, 
. . . . being Tuesday. 5 

Feb. 18. Dorothy Mitford, wife to John Mitford, .... being 
Wednesday morning betwixt 1 and 2. 6 

Feb. 22. Mr. Alderman Mascall, ... being Sunday at night, 
betwixt 9 and 10 at night, and his wife bore a child the 21st of 
November, 1685. 7 

Feb. 27. George Ridley, junior, puterer, .... being Friday. 8 

Feb. (sic) 5. Mr. William Harrison, attorney- at-law, .... 
being Thursday. 9 

2 1684/5. Jan. 2. William Blakiston, esq., buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. He was of Old Malton and married Mary, widow of Henry 
Simpson of Pittington Hall, only daughter of Sir William Eelasyse of 
Morton House, by whom he had issue, Anne, an only child who died in 
infancy. See Surtees, Durham, vol. iii, p. 163. Also Dean Granville's 
Correspondence, Surt. Soc. publ., vol. 37, p. 152. 

3 1684/5. Feb. 1. John Skaithlock, weaver, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

4 1684/5. Feb. 17. Stephen Harason, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

5 1684/5. Feb. 18. Catherin Rowell, buried. Ibid. 

6 1684/5. Feb. 17. Dorothy, wife of John Mitford, departed this life a 
little before one a clocke on Tuesday morneing, buried the same day. St. 
Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

1684/5. Feb. 18. Dorothy, wife of Jo. Mitford, buried Wednesday. 
Cathedral Registers. As Dorothy Scruton she was married at the Cathedral, 
11 Nov., 1669. Registers of Durham Cathedral, ed. White, pp. 39, 104, 112. 

^1684/5. Feb. 24. Mr. Thomas Maskill, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. Thomas Mascall, of Durham, attorney, married first Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Harrison, of Framwellgate, and secondly, Margaret 
Dent of Romaldkirk. The latter remarried 1695, William Chipchase. 
Margaret, posthumous daughter of Thomas Mascall and only child of his 

second marriage, married 1714, Jonathan Walton of Durham. 

Cf. Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 220. 

8 1684/5. Feb. 27. George Ridley, of the parish of St. Nicholas, pew- 
terer, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1684/5. Feb. 27. George Ridley, pewtherer, a parishioner, buried at 
St. Oswald's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

9 1684/5. March 6. William Harrason, buried. St. Margaret's Regis- 
ters. 



112 

Mar. 15. Mr. John Plumton, of Butsford, an archer, . . . . 
being Sunday. 10 

1685 

*Mar. 28. Gregory Welsh, porter to ye Bishopp of Durham, 
Nathaniel Crew, .... being Satterday morning. 11 

April 5. Elizabeth Beckles, .... being Sunday morning. 12 
April 7. Old Mr. Marley yt married Mrs. Elizabeth Kirkby, 
.... being Tuesday morning. 13 

April 20. Mr. Cuthbert Hawdon, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Easter Munday. 14 

*May 7. An old man fell of horse-back and kild himself e the day 
before in Renton Longing, called by ye name of John Bell. 

*May 8. Mr. Price, shooemaker and brandy seller, was drowned 
nere Pelly leases; by accident, being Friday. 15 

May 8. Ann Wilkinson, w>fe to Andrew Wilkinson, liveing in 
Bow Church lane, .... being Friday. 16 

10 The name of Plumton occurs in St. Oswald's Registers. 

11 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 50. 

12 1685. April 5. Elizabeth Beckles, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

13 1685. April 8. Mr. William Marley, buried in the quire. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

14 1685. April 21. Mr. Cuthbert Hawdon, attorney-at-law, buried, 
templo. Ibid. 

I. Cuthbert Hawdon, draper, married, at St. Nicholas', 10 Oct., 1585, 

Jane , who was buried 16 Nov., 1587; and secondly, at the same 

church, 4 Feb., 1588/9, Isabel ; he was buried 26 Mar., 1637,. 

having had issue : — 

William II. 

Ralph, baptized, St. Nicholas', 13 Mar., 1598/9. 

Richard, buried, 30 Jan., 1590/1. 

Jane, baptized, St. Nicholas', 8 Aug., 1587. 

Alice, baptized, St. Nicholas', 2 Sept., 1593, buried in the church, 
24 April, 1614. 

Margaret, baptized, St. Nicholas', 23 Nov., 1595. 

Elizabeth, baptized, St. Nicholas', 26 Dec, 1603. 

II. William Hawdon, draper, baptized at St. Nicholas', 8 Sept., 1591, was 

buried in the same church, 1 April, 1637, having had with other issue 
a son. 

III. Cuthbert Hawdon, attorney, baptized at St. Nicholas', 7 Jan., 1626/7, 
sheriff of the city of Durham, 1652, and died 20 April, 1685, having 
had with other issue a son. 

IV. Francis Hawdon, baptized at St. Nicholas', 13 Jrly, 1656, buried in 
the church, 3 Oct., 1685. 

15 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 50. 

16 1685. May 8. Ann, late wife to Andrew Wilkinson of Northbaly 
Durham dyed on Friday. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 



113 

May 9. Mr. Miles Stappleton, justice of ye peace, . . . . 
being Satterday. 17 

*April 23. Mr. John Whitle, a popish taylor, being very vexa- 
tious to ye taylors in Durham, .... being Satterday. 

Mav 29. Mr. Lancelote Hilton, attorney-at-law, .... being 
■Friday, is 

*June 20. James Fairelesse, swordsliper, .... being Satter- 
day. 

June 23. Richard Wilkinson, son to Clement Wilkinson, .... 
being Munday. 19 

Aug. 3. William Druick, senior, and carrier, .... being 
Munday. 20 

Sept. 14. John Burnupp, tanner, .... being Munday. 1 

Oct. 2. Mr. Francis Hawdon, son to Mr. Cuthbert Hawdon, 
being Friday. 2 

Oct. 7. Mr. Anthony Emmerson, junior, .... being Satter- 
day. 3 

*Oct. 9. Mr. Thomas Jefferson, late post-master, .... being 
Munday. 4 

17 1685. May 10. Miles Stapylton, esq., buried Sunday. Cathedral 
Registers. Miles Stapylton, third son of Bryan Stapylton of Myton, in 
the county of York, occupied an office of trust under Bishop Cosin, being 
variously described as secretary, auditor and librarian. By his wife, 
Elizabeth, daughter of ... . Hinde of London, he left issue. See the 
Rev. James Raine's paper on Marske, Arch. Ael., 2 ser., vol. v., p. 12. 

18 1685. May 29. Lancelot Hilton, gent., buried. Cathedral Registers. 

1685. May 29. ' Mr. Lancelott Hilton, my very kind, much esteemed 
and honoured friend, departed this life the 28 May, and was interred by his 
owne order and request near unto his brother, Mr. Christopher Mickleton, 
his grave and tombstone in the Cathedral church-yard at Durham/ St. 
Mary-le-Bow Registers. Lancelot Hilton of Durham, attorney, and of 
Hilton in Staindropshire, was the third son of Lancelot Hilton of Gainford 
and Dyons in the parish of Gainford. He married first, Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Colmore of Durham, by whom he had issue; secondly, Dorothy, 
widow of John Cradock of Gainford, and daughter of William Wright, by 
whom he had issue; and thirdly, Anne, widow of William Hilton of New- 
castle, apothecary, and daughter of Ralph Salkeld of Berwick. How Lance- 
lot Hilton came to be ' brother ' to Christopher Mickleton has not been 
ascertained. Cf. Hylton pedigree No. 1, Longstaffe, Darlington, and 
Mickleton pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 140. 

19 1685. June 22. Richard Wilkingson, buried. St. Margaret's Reg- 
isters. 

20 1685. Aug. 4 William Druich, buried. Ibid. 

^SS. Sept. 15. John Burnup, buried. Ibid. 

2 1685. Oct. 3. Mr. Francis Hawdon, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

5 1685. Nov. 9. Mr. Anthony Emerson, buried. St. Giles' Registers. 

4 1685. Nov. 10. Mr. Thomas Jefferson, mercer and postmaster, 
buried in the chancell. St. Nicholas' Registers. See pedigree of Jefferson, 
Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 156. 



in 

Oct. 11. Edward Forster, shoemaker, in Sadler Street, .... 

being Wednesday. 5 

Oct. 11. And Mr. Dodsworth, .... being Wednesday. 6 

Nov. 16. Mr. Robert Farrow, barber, .... being Munday. 7 

Nov. 19. Captain John Taylor, .... being Thursday. 8 

*Dec. 21. John Morland, junior, called King John, .... being 

Munday. 9 

Dec. 23. Mr. John Raine, attorney-at-law, .... being Wed- 



Dec. 29. Isabell Carr, of Low Bayley, .... being Tuesday. 

Nov. 28. John Harrison, carpinter, tenant to Elizabeth Farrow, 
nere the Strand, .... being Satterday at night. 11 

Dec. 5. Thomas Davison, hatter, .... being Friday morn- 
ing. 12 

Dec. 5. William Hall, of Alton-feild, son to Mary Hall. 13 

Dec. 5. Mary Hall, .... the same day, being Friday. 14 

Dec. 2. John Mackarty wa*s slaine at Stranton, being a baliffe, 
being Tuesday. 

Dec. 10. Ann Binnion, wife to Thomas Binnyon, .... being 
Thursday. 15 

Jan. 24. Edward Robinson, shooemaker in Silver Street, .... 
being Sunday at night. 16 

5 1685. Nov. 12. Edward Forster, cordwainer, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

6 1685. Nov. 13. Mr. Anthony Dodsworth, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. He was the head of the ancient family of Dodsworth of Stran- 
ton, being the son of Anthony Dodsworth of that place by his wife, Eleanor, 
daughter of Lewis Widdrington, of Cheeseburn Grange. He was baptized 
at Stranton, 11 October, 1638, was admitted to Gray's Inn, 28 June, 1656, 
and married 15 April, 1662, at St. Nicholas', Newcastle, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Henry Maddison of Newcastle, merchant adventurer, by whom he had 
numerous issue. He sold his property at Stranton in 1683. See pedigree 
of Dodsworth, Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 123. 

7 1685. Nov. 17. Robert Farrow, parish of St. Nicholas, barber, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

8 1685. Nov. 20. Mr. John Taylor, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

9 See Morland pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 276. John 
Morland married Margaret, daughter of Thomas Shadforth, of Eppleton, 
and left issue. 

John Harason, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

Thomas Davison, feltmaker, buried. St. Nicholas' 

William Hall of Outon Field, yeoman, buried. St. 

Mary Hwll, widow^ buried^ temjrfo. St. Nicholas' 

Anne Binyon, wife of Thomas Binyon, buried. Ibid. 
25. Edward Robinson, cordwainer, buried, templo. 



11 1685. 


Nov. 


29. 


12 1685. 


Dec. 


4. 


Registers. 






13 1685. 


Dec. 


6. 


Oswald's Registers. 


14 1685. 


Dec. 


5. 


Registers. 






15 1685. 


Dec. 


11. 


16 1685/ 


6. Jan. : 


Ibid. 







115 



Jan. 31. Thomas Dowsey, .... being Sunday. 17 

Feb. 4. Thomas Kenleside, skinner and glover, .... being 
Thursday. 18 

Feb. 23. William -Sheapheard, junior, oarpinter, .... being 
Tuesday. 19 

Mar. 2. Person Humes, of Chester, .... being Tuesday. 19 * 

1686. 

*Mar. 27. Mr. Convene, High Sheriff of ye County Pallintin of 
Durham, .... being Satterday. 20 

*Mar. 28. Mr. Musgrave, prebind of the Chathedrall Church of 
Durham, .... being Palme Sunday. 1 

April 3. Ann Jackson, wife to John Jackson, .... being 
Satterday. 2 

April 28. Mr. Cuthbert- Hilton, attorney-atHaw, .... being 
"Wednesday. 3 

April 30. Mr. Thomas Mascall, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Friday. 4 

May 28. Thomas Younger, wheel-wright and waine-wright, 
.... being Friday. 5 



11 1685/6. Feb. 1. Thomas Dowson, butcher, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

18 1685/6. Feb. 5. Thomas Keinlaside, skinner, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

19 1685/6. Feb. 25. William Sheppard, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

i9a William Hume of Peterhouse, Cambridge, matriculated, 20 April, 
1668; B.A., 1671; M.A., 1675; perpetual curate of Chester-le-Street, 
1673-1674. 

20 See Six North Country Diaries t p. 51. 

1 He has a monumental inscription in the Cathedral. Ibid. 

2 1686. April 4. Ann, wife of John Jackson, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

3 1686. April 28. Cuthbert Hilton, gent., buried. Cathedral Registers. 

1686. April 28. • Mr. Cuthbert Hilton, son of the sayd Mr. Lancelott 
Hilton, my life friend in all respects, departed this life this 28 day of Aprill 
and was interred the same night in a grave adjoyneing, and as neare as 
possibly can be to his father's/ St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. The Latin 
inscription on the fiat stone which marks his grave can still be read, in part, 
but his age is illegible. By his wife, Jane, daughter of Robert Newhouse, 
attorney and registrar of the Consistory court of Durham, he left with other 
issue, a son, Robert Hilton, an attorney in Bishop Auckland, born 1668, 
died 1728. 

4 1686. May 1. Mr. Thomas Maskell, junior, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. Thomas Mascall, married Mary, daughter of Timothy Whitting- 
ham of Holmside, and by her had issue, with two sons who died in infancy, 
a daughter and heiress, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Burdus of Durham, 
barrister-at-law. Mrs. Burdus died 28 Sept., 1741, aged 57, and was buried 
at St. Margaret's, where there is an inscription to her memory. See 
Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 220. 

5 1686. May 29. Thomas Younger, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 



116 

June 7. William Richardson, senior, of Crossgate, blacksmith, 

. ... being Munday in ye afternoon. 6 

Aug. 9. Mr. Ralph Adamson, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Munday. 9 

Aug. 16. Anthony Stott, tanner, .... being Monday. 10 

*Sept. 4. Captain Thompson, muster-master, .... being 
Satterday. 

Sept. 6. Mr. George Hume, jaylor in Durham, .... being 
Munday. 11 

6 1686. June 8. William Richardson, buried. Ibid. 

9 1686. Aug. 11. Mr. Raiph Adamson, attorney-at-law, buried in the 
chancel. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

I. Ralph Adamson of Durham, attorney, married, first, Margaret , who 

was buried in St. Nicholas' chancel, 28 Sept., 1673, having had issue : — 
Robert, baptized, St. Nicholas', 11 Feb., 1668/9, buried in the 
chancel, 7 Dec, 1671. 

Ralph, baptized, St. Nicholas', 18 Oct., 1670, buried in the chancel, 

21 Nov., 1670. 
Elizabeth, baptized, St. Nicholas', 30 Oct., 1671, buried in the 

chancel, 21 May, 1719. 

Margaret, baptized, St. Nicholas', 14 Jan., 1672/3, buried in the 

chancel, 26 July, 1680. 
He married, secondly, at South Shields, 17 Mar., 1673/4, Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Blythman of Westoe, and himself was buried in St. Nicholas' 
chancel, 11 Aug., 1686, having had further issue : — 

Blythman, baptized, St. Nicholas', 4 Mar., 1674/5, buried in the 

chancel, 6 Dec, 1676. 
Blythman, baptized, St. Nicholas', 19 Mar., 1677/8, buried in the 

chancel, 12 Oct., 1685. 
Ralph, baptized, St. Nicholas', 4 Mar., 1678/9, buried in the 

chancel, 10 June, 1681. 
Robert II. 
William, baptized, St. Nicholas', 25 April, 1686, buried in the 

chancel, 18 July, 1686. 
Barbara, baptized, St. Nicholas', 21 Dec, 1676. 
Anne, baptized, St. Nicholas', 6 May, 1683, buried in the chancel, 

2 Dec, 1683. 

II. Robert Adamson of Durham, baptized at St. Nicholas', 16 Mar., 1680/1, 

married, 2 Feb., 1711/2, at the Cathedral, Dorothy, widow of Thomas 
Paxton and daughter of John Martin of Durham, who was buried at St. 
Nicholas', 26 July, 1719: he was buried at St. Mary in the South 
Bailey, 25 Mar., 1733, having had issue : — 

William Blythman Adamson, baptized, St. Nicholas, 29 May, 1715, 

of Lincoln College, Oxford, matriculated 11 Oct., 1732, aged 17. 
Robert, baptized, St. Nicholas', 23 Mar., 1717/8, buried, 8 April, 

1718. 
Elizabeth, baptized, St. Nicholas', 22 Feb., 1718/9, buried, 21 May, 
1719. 
See Pedigrees of the Family of Adamson, privately printed at South Shields. 
10 1686. Aug. 17. Anthony Stout, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
11 1686. Sept. 7. Mr. George Humes, javeler, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 
George Humes, a Scotsman, an ensign in the army, married at St. Oswald's, 



117 

Sept. 9. Margaret Harrison, wife to John Harrison, carpinter, 
nere the Strand, .... being Thursday about 12 at night. 12 

*Deo. 1. Simon Browne, oyster Simon, .... being Wednes- 
day. 13 

Dec. 13. Mr Michael Speareman, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Tuesday at night. 14 

Jan. 7. Bartholomew Frizell, .... being Friday. 15 

Jan. 11. Cuthbert Stoot, sadler, .... being Tuesday. 16 

Jan. 22. Mr. Christopher Wright, Mr. John Richardson's 
printice, merchant, .... being Satterday. 17 

Feb. 5. Mrs. Farrow, being with child to one Teasdale, an 
attorney-at-law, and died with ye child in her womb, .... being 
Satterday. 18 

Feb. 8. Mr. George Kirkby, .... in the morne, being 
Tuesday. 19 

Feb. 16. Mr. Thomas Power, .... being Wednesday. 20 

12 July, 1641, Isabel Snaith, and became the gaoler at Durham. His 
-wife was buried at St. Oswald's 1 , 27 Nov., 1684, being described as ' Mrs. 
Isabell Humes, wife of Mr. George Humes, jaylor ; ' he was laid beside 
her on the 7 Sept., 1686, being described as ' javeler.' They had issue: — 

John Humes, baptized at St. Oswald's, 26 Sept., 1641, as ' son of 

George Humes, Scottishman, ensigne to Captaine Weather- 

burne ; the mother Isabell, daughter of Willm. Snaith. ' He was 

buried, 20 July, 1642. 

George, baptized, St. Oswald's, 17 June, 1643, buried, 30 Aug., 

1675, as 'George Humes, junior; he lived in Durham jale.'^, 
William, buried at St. Oswald's, 13 April, 1651. 
William Humes succeeded George Humes as jaylor being, probably, his 
son, and was buried, June, 1689. 

12 1686. Sept. 10. Margarett Harason, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

13 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 51. 

14 1686. Dec. 14. Michael Spearman, gent., buried. Cathedral 
Registers. He was the second son of John Spearman, for many years under- 
sheriff of the city of Durham. See Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 95. 

15 1686/7. Jan. 8. Bartholomew Frezell, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

16 1686/7. Jan. 12. Cuthbert Stoute, buried. Ibid. 

17 1686/7. Jan. 23. Cresepher Wright, buried. Ibid. 

18 1686/7. Feb. 6. Mary Farrow, widow, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

19 1686/7. Feb. 9. George Kirby, gent., buried. Cathedral Registers* 
His widow died 10 March, 1693/4, see p. 136, post. 

20 1686/7. Feb. 17. Mr. Thomas Power, buried. St. Margaret'* 
Registers. 



118 

*Feb. 17. Mrs. Thirkeld of ye Ross and Crowne, .... being 
Thursday at morne. 1 

1 1. Edward Thirkeld of Durham, third son of John Thirkeld of Dale in 
Cumberland, was 48 years of age in 1666, when he entered his pedigree 
at Dugdale's Visitation of Durham; he married at Witton Gilbert, 
19 Sept., 1643, Anne, daughter of William Bell, alderman of Durham. 
[Query, buried in St. Nicholas', 20 Mar., 1685/6, as Anne Thurkeld, 
widow.] Edward Thirkeld was buried in St. Nicholas' church, 10 
Nov., 1674; having had issue, two sons : — 

William Thirkeld, son and heir, who was 18 years of age in 1666 
(Dugdale's Visitation) of whom nothing is known. 

Edward II. 

II. Edward Thirkeld, of Durham, 16 years of age in 1666, was entered at 

Gray's Inn 13 .Tune, 1670. His wife's maiden name has not been 
ascertained, but it may have been Taylor; her christian name was 
Anne; by her, who was buried in the chancel of St. Nicholas', 18 Feb., 
1686/7, he had (perhaps with other) issue, three sons and two 
daughters : — 

Taylor III. 

Edward, baptized at St. Nicholas', 1 Feb., 1680/1, [buried in the 
chancel, 15 April, 1682, as ' son of Mr. Edward Thirkeld.'] 

John, baptized at St. Nicholas', 19 July, 1686, buried in the chancel 
of the same church, 26 April, 1688. 

Eleanor, baptized at St. Nicholas', 1 Feb., 1676/7. 
Anne, baptized at St. Nicholas', 11 Sept., 1683, buried in the 
chancel of the same church, 2 June, 1689. 

III. Taylor Thirkeld, baptized at St. Nicholas', 22 Dec, 1678. On the 29 
Sept., 1697, at an unusually late age he was apprenticed to George Airy, 
of Gateshead, a freeman of the Drapers and Mercers' Company, and was 
enrolled 16th November, 1698. He settled in Newcastle, where he 
resided in the Bigg market and traded as a druggist (Newcastle 
Courant, 20 May, 1732), and where he is stated to have died 14 
Aug., 1738. His first wife, Elizabeth, was buried at Whickham, 15 
Mar., 1711/2. His second wife, Mary, made her will 24 July, 1743. 
By his first marriage he had (perhaps with other) issue : — 

Francis, stated to have been born 12 May, 1701. 

Taylor IV. 

Edward, stated to have been born 29 March, 1708: apprenticed 
26 Oct., 1721, to John Snowdon of Newcastle, barber-surgeon. 

Eleanor, stated to have been born 20 April, 1704. Married at 
St. Andrew's, Newcastle, 21 August, 1724, Blythman Adamson, 
of Newcastle, master and mariner. 4, 

Hannah, baptized at Whickham, 26 December, 1710. 

IV. The Rev. Taylor Thirkeld was born at Woolly-burn-foot in the parish 
of Allendale, and was baptized 7 January, 1705/6. Educated at 
Newcastle and at Lincoln College, Oxford, where he matriculated 16 
October, 1723; B.A., 1727; M.A., 1730. Stipendiary curate of Whick- 
ham and perpetual curate of Barnard Castle. He married at St. 
Mary-le-Bow, 10 October, 1732, Dorothy, daughter of John Bacon of 
Staward, and dying on the 9 Aug., 1740, was buried at St. Nicholas', 
Durham. His widow resided for some years in Durham and afterwards 



119: 

Feb. 25. Mr. George Forcer, of Harberus, .... being Friday. 2 
Mar. 15. Dorothy Sheepheard, junior, .... being Tuesday. 3 

1687. 

*April 27. Magdalin Snadden, wife to James Snadon, did hang 

he selfe in a hanke of yarn, .... being Wednesday in the morning. 
May 11. Katherin Hedley, .... being Wednesday. 4 
May 27. Anthony Hutchinson, senior, tanner, .... being 

Friday 5 

June 7. George Wood, .... being Tuesday at night about 12 

a clock. 6 

June 11. John Wood, barber, departed this life the 11th day of 

June, commonly called the longest day, being Satterday morning. 7 
June 20. John Selby, .... being Munday. 8 
July 5. Nicholas Ladler, barber, . . . being Tuesday. 9 
July 7. Mrs. Elizabeth My res, .... being Thursday. 10 

in Westgate, Newcastle, where she died 11 April, 1775. They had 
issue, two sons and one daughter : — 

John, baptized at Whickham, 31 August, 1733; buried at St. 

Nicholas', Durham, 27 Sept., 1745. 
William, baptized at Whickham, 20 Aug., 1738; went to sea. 
Isabel, baptized at Whickham, 10 Nov., 1736; married at St. 
John's Newcastle, 1 January, 1765, Benjamin Gib~on of 
Newcastle, ' an eminent linen draper ' (Newcastle Courant, 
5 Jan., 1765). 

See pedigree of Thirkeld, Arch. Ael., 2 ser., vol. iii., p. 98, by that 
proficient genealogist, the late Mr. W. H. D. Longstaffe, in some of whose 
details the Editor, with diffidence, has ventured to differ. 

2 1686/7. Feb. 26. George Forser, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
He was the head of the very ancient Eoman Catholic family of Harberhouse, 
near Durham, seated in the parish of Thockrington as early as the thirteenth 
century, and at Kelloe from the fourteenth century. They gave a prior to 
the convent of Durham. For an account of their ancient sepulchral mem- 
orials, see new Hist, of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 394; and for their 
pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 65. 

3 1686/7. March 16. Dorothy Shepard, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

J 1687. May 12. Catherine Hedley, spinster, buried at St. Giles'. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

5 1687. May 28. Anthony Hutchinson, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

6 1687. June 9. George Wood, buried. Ibid. 

7 1687. June 11. John Wood, of the parish of St. Margaret's, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. According to the New Style, or the Calendar of 
Pope Gregory, the 21st of June represents the 11 June, 1686. 

8 1687. June 21. John Selby, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

9 1687. July 6. Nicholas Ladler, buried. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

10 1687. July 8. Elizabeth Myres, widow, buried. Cathedral Regis- 
ters. She was the widow of Anthony Myers, plumber of the Cathedral, who 
was buried 18 March, 1666/7. Their son, Ambrose Myres, matriculated 
at St. John's College, Cambridge, 24 Sept., 1668, aged 16. 



120 

July 21. Mr. Anthony Lodge, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Thursday. 11 

July 22. John Grieve, .... being Friday 12 

Dec. 6. Mr. Nicholas Barwick, .... being Tuesday. 13 
*Dec. 10. Mr. Salvin of Outon was brought to Mr. Hall's house, 
being there chappell, and was buried the 10th of December, brought 
to Durham the 10th, 1687. 14 

*Jan. 4. Mrs. Hutchinson, Mrs. Raws' mother, being an 103 
years of age, .... being Wednesday. 

Jan. 18. Mary Coleson, Christopher Coleson's wife, glover, 
being Wednesday. 15 

Jan. 24. John Stott, tanner, .... betwixt 11 and 12 of ye 
clock at night, being Tuesday. 16 

Jan. 25. John Morland, esquire, justice of the peace, senior, 
.... being Wednesday. 17 

Feb. 14. Francis Harry, .... at night about 10 of ye clock, 
being Tuesday. 18 

Feb. 28. Christopher Rennoldson, weaver, .... being Tues- 
day at night. 19 

Feb. 3. Rowland Harrison, carpenter, .... being Satter- 
day morning. 20 

Mar. 4. John Marshall, butcher, in Silver Street, .... 
being Sunday. 1 

11 1687. July 21. Mr. Antho. Lodge, buried. Cathedral Registers. 
He was a Wolsingham man, and married, at St. Giles', 26 April, 1664, 
Merrill Whitfield, who was buried in the Cathedral grave-yard, 7 July, 1682. 

12 1687. July 22. John Grieve, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

13 1687. Dec. 7. Nicholas Barwicke, gent., buried. Cathedral Regis- 
ters. 

1667. Sept. 21. Nicholas Barwick, gentleman, and Helen Green 
married. Ibid. 

He was brother of Doctor John Barwick, Dean of Durham, 1660-1661, 
and son of George Barwick, of Witherslack in Westmorland. See Registers 
of Durham Cathedral, ed. White, pp. 38, 105. 

14 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 52; also pedigree of Salvin, Surtees, 
Durham, vol. iv., p. 129. 

15 1687/8. Jan. 19. Mary, wife of Cristepher Coulson. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

16 1687/8. Jan. 25. John Stoot, buried. Ibid. 

17 1687/8. Jan. 27. John Morland, esq., buried. St. Oswald's Regis- 
ters. By his wife, Thomasine, daughter of George Martin, of the city of 
Durham, he had with other issue, George Morland, his heir, who was buried 
at St. Oswald's, 6 March, 1711, and John Morland, who was buried 2 Dec, 
1685, both of whom left issue. See pedigree of Morland. Surtees, Durham, 
vol. iii, p. 276. 

18 1687/8. Feb. 15. Frances, wife of James Harry, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

19 1687/8. Feb. 29. Crestepher Renison, buried. Ibid. 

20 1687/8. March 4. Rowland Harason, buried. Ibid. 

1 1687/8. March 5. John Marshall, butcher, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 



121 

*Ma.r. 11. Major John Conyers, of Chester in ye Street, .... 
■being Sunday. 2 

Mar. 18. Mrs. Ma?om, . . . betwixt 11 and 12 at night. 3 

1688. 

April 17. Mr. Ralph Lumley, . . . . 4 

April 27. G-eorge Harrison, shoomaker, John Harrison's son, 
the carpinfcer, .... being Friday. 5 

May 22. Mr. Bellingim, .... being Tuesday and was buried 
the 24th, being Assention day. 6 

*May 29. Thomas Binnian, the Mayor's Sergiant, .... being 
Tuesday. 

July 1. Isabell Fisher, Ralph Fisher's wife, .... being 
Sunday. 7 . 

*July 10. John Simpson of Bayley, fait John, .... being 
Tuesday. 

July 14. Mrs. Mary Jackson, Mr. Gabriel Jackson's wife, the 

proctor 8 

*Oct. 14. Mr. Captain Blackston in Elvit, .... being Satter- 
•day. 9 

Deo. 27. Jane Burnupp and Thomas Hopper, baker, senior, 
departed this life. 

Jan. 4. Ralph Fisher, clarke, . . . being Friday. 

Jan. 25. Mr. Simon Lakenby. . . being Friday. 

Jan. 25. Richard Kenleside, junior, . . . . 10 

Jan. 27. Cuthbert Rayne being Sunday. 11 

2 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 52, and pedigree of Conyers, Surtees, 
Durham, vol. i., p. 29. 

3 1687/8. March 20. Mary Massam, widow, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. She was probably widow of Thomas Massom, singing-man, who 
^vas buried at the Cathedral, 20 Sept., 1675. 

1687/8. March 20. Mrs. Mary Massam, widow, a parishioner, buried 
in the Abbey churchyard. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

4 1688. April 18. Ralph Lumley, buried in the chancell. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

5 1688. April 28. George Harason, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1688. May 24. Mr. Thomas Bellingham, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. Probably a scion of the family of Bellingham of Levens and 
of Great Worsall, who represented the ancient Northumbrian house of 
Bellingham of Bellingham. See Proceedings of the Newcastle Society of 
Antiquaries, 3 ser. vol. v., p. 11. 

7 1688. July 2. Isabell Fisher, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

8 1688. July 15. Mrs. Mary Jackson, widow, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

9 See Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 164. 

10 1688/9. Jan. 26. Richard Keinlaside, skinner, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

11 1688/9. Jan. 27. Cuthbert, son of Mr. John Raine, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 



122 



Feb. 


4. 


Mar. 


2. 


day. 13 




Mar. 


18. 


May 


26. 


June 


— . 


July 


21. 


.... being 


Aug. 


10. 


ton waterside. 


Sept. 


9. 


Munday. 


18 


Sept. 


25. 


at night 


19 


*Oct. 


2. 


Nov. 


16. 


*Dee. 


8. 


Sunday. 




Deo. 


27. 


Dec. 


27. 


Dec. 


20. 


night. 3 





Richard Browne, sexton, .... being Munday. 12 
Robert Stellinir. carriage man being Satter- 



Person Edward Kirkbv, . . 



1689. 



being: Munday. 14 



Phillip Browne, .... being Sunday. 15 
William Hume, jaylor, . . . . 16 

Mary Jackson, daughter to John Jackson in Crossgate, 
Sunday at night about 11 of the clock. 17 
Ann Dothwaite, wife to Ralph Dothwaite, of Willing- 
.... being Satterday. 
James Robson of Broome Close-house, .... being 



Mrs. Fenwick of the Bull, 



being Wednesday 



Little Dick Hutchinson, .... being Wednesday. 20 
Thomas Walker, .... being Satterday. 1 
Mrs. Ann Stott, slim TVme's wife, .... being 

George Burden, dyer, .... being Friday. 2 

George Mayson of Brandon, .... 

Person Leonard Featherston, .... being Friday at 



Ibid. 



Feb. 5. Richard Browne, sexton, buried. 
March 3. Robert Stelling, buried. Ibid 
March 19. Mr. Edward Kirkby, clerke, buried. 



12 1688/9. 
13 1688/9. 

14 1688/9. March 19. Mr. Edward Kirkby, clerke, buried. St. Mary- 
le-Bow Begi*1< r*. 

1688/9. March 19. Mr. Edward Kirkby, praecentor of this church, 
buried. Cathedral Registers. He was of Peterhous-e, Cambridge, where he 
matriculated, 25 June, 1664; B.A., 1667; M.A., 1671; perpetual curate of 
Witton, co. Palatine, 28 Sept., 1671; vicar of Heighington, 1684; a minor 
canon of the cathedral ; married there 27 May, 1674, Elizabeth Thompson. 
He has a Latin monumental inscription in the cathedral. 

15 1689. May 26. Phillip Browne, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

16 1689. June 26. Mr. William Humes, buried. St. Oswald's Regis- 
ters. 

17 1689. July 22. 
Margaret's Registers. 

18 1689. Sept. 10. 

19 1689. Sept. 27. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

20 See p. 107, supra. 

1 1689. Nov. 17. Thomas Walker, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

2 1689. Dec. 28. George Burdon, dyer, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

! Leonard Featherston, son of George Featherston, born in the county 
of Durham, was educated at Durham school and at Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, where he matriculated 16 April, 1681, aged 19; B.A., 1685. 



Mary, daughter of John Jackson, buried. 



St. 



James Robson, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 
Mrs. Mary Fenwick, widow, buried, templo. St. 



123 

Jan. I. John French, druemer, was killed, being Wednesday. 4 

Jan. 8. Mr. William Paxton, . . . . 5 

Jan. 11. Mr. Stephen Thompson, .... being Satterday. 6 

Jan. 11. Barbary Snawdon, wife to William Snawdon, .... 

bein g Satterday . 7 

Jan. 11. Mr. Walker, draper taylor, .... being Satterday. 8 

Jan. 13. Captain Thomas Wright, .... being Munday. 9 

Jan. 19. Captain Marmaduke Allinson, . . . . 10 

Jan. 21. Nicholas Paxton, senior, .... being Tuesday. 11 

Feb. 25. Thomas Cradock, esquire, .... being Tuesday. 12 

Mar. 8. Jane Miller of South Street, gardener, .... being 

Satterday. 13 

4 1689/90. Jan. 2. John France, drummer, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

5 1689/90. Jan. 9. William Paxton, mercer, buried, templo. Ibid. 

c 1689/90. Jan. 12. Mr. Stephen Thompson, alderman, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

7 1689/90. Jan. 12. Barbara, wife of William Snawdon, buried. 
Cathedral Registers. She was married at the Cathedral 1 May, 1678, her 
name being Wilson. Her husband was laid beside her on the 15 October, 
1692. 

8 1689/90. Jan. 13. Michaell Walker, draper, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

9 1689/90. Jan. 15. Capt. Thomas Wright, buried, templo. Ibid. 
When St. George, Norroy king of arms, made his Visitation in 1615, Hugh 
Wright, being that year mayor of Durham, took the opportunity to enter 
his pedigree and to obtain a confirmation of his arms. His eldest 
son named Toby, died in his life-time, and on his death he was suc- 
ceeded by his grandson, Thomas Wright, of Durham and Windleston, 
who was baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 11 June, 1640. He made up his 
pedigree at Dugdale's Visitation in 1666 having previously married Mary, 
daughter of Charles Elstob of Foxton. He was prothonotary of the Court 
of Common Pleas of Durham, and having come into conflict with Dean 
Granville, was, by the latter, in a letter written to the Bishop of Durham, 
apparently in 1675, vilified as ' a notorious sott ' and a ' train-band captain/ 
who had ' gotten his noddle as full of drinke as his heart with folly and 
malice.' See Miscellaneous Correspondence of Dean Granville, Surtees 
Soc. publ., vol. 37, p. 155; and pedigree of Wright, Surtees, Durham, vol. 
iv., p. 153. 

10 1689/90. Jan. 20. Mr. Marmaduke Alleson, buried. St. Mary-le- 
Bow Registers. 

11 1689/90. Jan. 22. Nicholas Paxton, the elder, cordwainer, buried. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

12 1689/90. Feb. 28. Thomas Cradock, esqr., buried at the Cathedral 
church. Memorandum : No affidavit brought within ye time limited, but 
upon informacon the forfeiture paid and distributed according to law. St. 
Mary-le-Bow Registers. He was eldest son of Sir Joseph Cradock, com- 
missary of the Archdeaconry of Richmond; he was of Trinity Hall, Cam- 
bridge, and of Gray's Inn, barrister-at-law. He was married twice, but 
left no issue. A long Latin inscription marks the place of burial in the 
south aisle of the Cathedral. See pedigree of Cradock, Surtees, Durham, 
vol. iv., p. 13. 

13 1689/90. March 9. Jane Milner, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 



124 

Mar. 18. Mrs. Sarah Nelson, .... being Tuesday. 

Mar. 18. Robert. Knaggs, .... being Tuesday at night. 15 

Mar. 20. Ralph Teasdale, junior, .... being Thursday about 
two of the clock in the morning. 16 

Mar. 20. Margaret Dobson, wife to Robert Dobson, of Gyligate, 
skinner, .... being Thursday. 

Mar. 24. Michael Oliver, butcher, . . . being Munday. 17 



1690. 

*Mar. 31. Mr. George Barkas, attorney-a,t-law, clarck to every 
mayor in Durham during his time, .... being Munday. 18 

Mar. 31. Mrs. Newby, Mr. Robert Newby's widow, . . . 
being Munday. 19 

* April 10. Mr. Francis Crossby, junior, attorney-at-law and 
merchant, .... being Thursday. 

April 13. John, Hickson, butcher .... being Sunday. 20 

April 18. Thomas Browne, son of Phillip Browne, . . . being 
Friday. 1 

April 19. Tymothy Stott, . . . being Satterday. 2 

May 4. George Willowby, tallow chandler, .... being 
Sunday. 3 

May 10. Ann Bambridge, wife to Ralph Bambridge, shooe- 
maker, .... being Satterday. 4 

May 14. John Kirkby, barbar, .... being Wednesday. 5 

15 1689/90. March 19. Robert Knaggs and a souldier, buried. Ibid. 

16 1689/90. March 20. Ralph Teesdell, buried. Ibid. 

17 1689/90. March 25. Michaell Oliver, butcher, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

18 1690. April 1. George Barkas, gent., buried in the Abby church 
yard. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

1690. April 1. George Barkas. Notary Public. Cathedral Regis- 
ters. 

19 1690. April 1. Ann Newby, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

20 1690. April 13. John Hickson, butcher, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

1 1690. April 19. Thomas Browne, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

-1690. April 20. Mr. Timothy Stott, buried. Ibid. 

3 1690. May 4. George Willoughbey, tallow chandler, buried. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

4 1690. May 12. Anne, wife of Ralph Bainbrig, cordwainer, buried, 
templo. Ibid. 

5 1690. May 15. Mr. John Kirby, of the parish of St. Nicholas, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

1690. May 15. John Kirby, a parishioner, buried at St. Oswald's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 



125 

June 7. Mrs. Fran. Mickleton, wife to James Mickleton, 
lawyer, .... being Sunday. 6 

*July 18. Mrs. Richardson, wife to Mr. John Richardson, junior, 
maltman, departed this life at Stockton and was buried at Katter- 
house garden with her husband. 7 

July 28. Mr. Pexell Forster, senior, .... in Durham gaol. 8 

6 1690. June 8. Mrs. Eliz. Mickleton, wife of Mr. James Mickleton, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. The christian name given in the text 
seems to be correct : she was daughter of Michael Hall of Durham, and 
was married at St. Margaret's, 29 April, 1660. See Surtees, Durham, 
vol. iv., p. 140. 

7 She was, Anne, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Atkinson of Cater- 
house. 

8 1690. July 28. Mr. Pexall Forster the elder, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. See also Forster pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., 
p. 152. 

I. Mark Forster, town clerk of the city of Durham and Notary Public, was 

buried in St. Nicholas' church, 15 Jan., 1622/3, having had issue by 
his wife, Margaret, daughter of Edward Hudspeth of Durham, three 
sons and three daughters, viz. : — 
Thomas II. 
John, baptized, St. Nicholas', 2 Dec, 1604, of Christ College, 

Cambridge. 
Edward, baptized, St. Nicholas', 14 Feb., 1612/3, rector of Ring- 
stead St. Andrew, Norfolk.^ 
Alice, baptized, St. Nicholas', 12 Oct., 1606. 
Elizabeth, baptized. St. Nicholas', 15 Jan., 1608/9. 
Margaret, married at St. Nicholas', 1.7 Jan., 1636/7, John Ayreson, 
alderman of Durham 

II. Thomas Forster of Durham, draper, was buried in St. Nicholas'. 1 Nov., 

1642, having had issue by his wife, Eleanor, daughter of John Southern 
of Newcastle, merchant, one son and three daughters, viz. : — 
Pexall III. 
Matilda, wife of George Hodgson, alderman of Durham, and died, 

25 May, 1692. 
Anne, wife of William Dent of Durham, apothecary. 
Margaret, married at St. Nicholas', 13 July, 1669, Tobias 
Blakeston. 

III. Pexall Forster of Durham, entered his pedigree at Dugdale's Visita- 
tion, 20 Aug., 1666, being then aged 39 years and 10 months. He 
married Dorothy, daughter of Tobias Blakeston of Newton, and 
apparently died in Durham gaol on the 28 July, 1690, having had 
issue : — 

Mark, buried in St. Nicholas', 17 May, 1660. 
, Pexall IV. 

Marmaduke, baptized at St. Nicholas', 3 Oct., 1664. 

IV. Pexall Forster, baptized at St. Nicholas', 29 Mar., 1663, of Peterhouse, 
Cambridge, curate of St. Giles', vicar of St. Oswald's, 1690-1711, rector 
of Egglescliffe, 1711, to his death, 27 Feb., 1739. By his wife, Averill, 
daughter of Robert Robson of Durham, he had with other issue : — 

Pexall Forster, baptized St. Oswald's, 30 March, 1693, of Lincoln 
College, Oxford, matriculated, 22 Mar., 1709/10; B.A., 1713; 
incorporated Cambridge, 1718; vicar of Lakenham, Norfolk, 
1718. 

William Forster, baptized at St. Oswald's, 28 March, 1695, of 
Lincoln College, Oxford, matriculated, 8 April, 1712; B.A., 
1715; M.A., 1718; vicar of Aycliffe, 1723 ; vicar of St. Oswald's, 
1725 to his death, 18 Mar., 1765. ^ 



Satterday. 11 


Oct. 


4. 


tanner, , 




Oct. 


10. 


♦Oct. 


12. 


Durham, 




Nov. 


it! 


night, 14 




Nov. 


23 



* 



126 

*July 27. Drunken Peg Hutchinson, .... 

Sept. 7. Margaret Hutchinson, Nicholas Hutchinson's wife, the 
taylor, departed this life in childbirth about one of ye clock in the 
morning, being Sunday. 9 

Sept. 7. Ursaly Hull, alias Wills, daughter to Thomas Wills, 
.... in childbirth, being Sunday. 10 

Sept, 20. Mr. Duncan, late Keeper of Beerpark, .... being 

Mary Hutchinson, Anthony Hutchinson, daughter, 
. being Satterday. 

William Knaggs, drover, . . . being Friday. 12 
Mr. Roger Blackston, virger in ye Chathedrall of 
. . being Sunday. 13 
Thomas Wade, mayson, .... being Mini day, at 

Ann Midleton, wife to Francis Middlleton, barber, 
being Sunday, at night. 15 
'Nov. 27. Mr. William Wilson, in the Bailey was drowned, being 
Thursday at night, and was found the 7th of December, being Sun- 
day, nere Cocken boat, and was buried that night in the Ninne 
Altars. 16 

9 1690. Sept. 7. Margaret, wife of Nicholas Hutchinson, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

10 1690. Sept. 7, Ursila, wife of John Hull, buried. Ibid. 

11 1690. Sept. 21. Mr. Edmond Duncon, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 

Registers. 

12 1690. Oct. 10. William Knaggs, buried. Witton Gilbert Registers. 

13 1690. Oct. 13. Mr. Roger Blakeston, buried. St. Mary in the South 
Bailey Registers. 

Koger Blakeston, the verger, was apparently a scion of the ancient 
house of Blakeston, possibly of the Gibside family, who used the christian 
name of Roger; being described as gentleman in the entries in the Registers 
of St. Mary's in the South Bailey, which record the baptism of his children 
William, baptized, 20 Sept., 1659, and Thomas, baptized, 22 Dec, 1661. 
His wife's name was Margaret. On June 16, 1686, he was obliged to do 
penance for drunkenness by Dean Granville, who apparently intimidated 
him into saying he had ' done dishonour to God, and given offence to [his] 
superiors of this Cathedral. ' See Dean Granville's Correspondence, 
Surtees Soc, No. 47, p. 135. In the entry of his burial at St. Mary's in 
the South Bailey on Oct, 13, 1690, he is described as ' Mr. Roger Blakeston.' 

14 1690. Oct. 24. Thomas Wade, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

15 1690. Nov. 25. Frances, wife of Francis Middleton, buried. Ibid. 

16 1690. Dec. 7. Mr. William Wilson, most unfortunately drown'd 
November 27, found and buried in the Cathedral church. St. Mary-le-Bow 
Registers. 

1690/1. Feb. 18. Mrs. Mary Wilson, his wife, buried there. Ibid. 
The latter was daughter of Marmaduke Allinson, and brought her husband 
an interest in a Bishop's lease of Quarrington. They had one son, Sudbury 
Wilson. See Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 74. 



127 

Dec. 16. Henry Wanlasse, alderman, senior, .... being 
Tuesday. 17 

Dee. 17. James Clemant, carpenter, .... being Wednesday. 18 

Dec. 23. Barnard Hutchinson, schoolmaster, departed this life 
at Morpeth, being Tuesday. 

Jan. 17. Thomas Key, currier, .... being Satterday. 1 

Feb. 4. Jonathan Hutchinson, booke-binder, .... being 
Wednesday. 

Feb. 9. Mr. Powells, a Presbiterian minister, departed this life 
at John Jackson's, being Munday. 

Feb. 13. Ann Wood, wife to John Wood, barber, .... being 
Friday. 2 

Feb. 17. Mrs. Wilson, Mr. Wilson's wife, lately drowned, 
.... being Tuesday. 3 

Feb. 19. Mr. Michael Heighington, .... being Thursday. 4 

Feb. 20. Abigaell Fewster, alis Avirill, wife to William Fewster, 
shoomaker, .... being Friday. 5 

*Mar. 17. Thomas Wilkinson, of ye House of Correction, weaver, 
.... being Tuesday. 

Mar. 18. Aby Lodge, .... being Wednesday. 6 

1691. 

May 4. George Harrison, tanner, in Framwelgate, . ... at 
night about 11 a'clock. . 

May 15. Mrs. Padman, wife to Robert Padman, barber, .... 
being Friday. 7 

June 27. Mr. Ralph Trotter, merchant, .... being Satter- 
day. 8 

17 1690. Dec. 17. Mr. Henry Wanless, alderman, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

18 1690. Dec. 18. James Clement, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1 1690/1. Jan. 18. Thomas Key, currier, buried. St. Nicholas' 

Registers. 

2 1690/1. Feb. 11. Anne Wood of the parish of St. Margaret, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

3 See supra p. 126, n. 16. 

4 1690/1. Feb. 21. Mr. Michael Heighington, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. Evidently a member of the family of Heighington of Windgate 
and Durham, who does not find a place in the recorded pedigree. See 
Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 99. 

5 1690/1. Feb. 22. Abigaell Fewster, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1690/1. March 19. Averill Lodge, buried. Ibid. 

7 1691. May 16. Mary Padman, widow, of the parish of St. Margaret, 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

8 1691. June 28. Mr. Ralph Trotter, mercer, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 



128 

July 26. Grace Hawdon, .... being Sunday. 9 
July 30. Michael Harrison, shoe-maker, .... being Friday 
about 12 at night. 10 

Aug. 7. Mrs. Eldridge, late widow to Mr. Lowther, ye Sheriff's 
clarke, .... being Friday 11 

Aug. 12. Abraham Paxton, of Claypath, .... being Wednes- 
day. 12 

*Aug. 26. Sir John Duck, bart., .... being Wednesday at 
night; was buried upon Munday after, being ye 31st of August. 13 
Aug. 27. John Bambridge, butcher, .... being Thursday. 14 
Oct. 12. Madam Green vill, wife to ye late Dean Green vil, 
.... being Munday. 15 

9 1691. July 28. Grace Hawdon, buried. No affidavit brought accord- 
ing to the Act of Parliament for burying at woolen. St. Mary-le-Bow 
Registers. 

10 1691. Aug. 1. Michael Harrison, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

11 1691. August 8. Margaret, wife of Mr. John Elleridge, buried. 
St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

1691. Aug. 2. Margarett, wife of John Eldridge, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. Under the name of Margaret Lowther she was married at the 
Cathedral, 18 March, 1688/9. 

12 1691. Aug. 13. Abraham Paxton, buried, temjrto St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

13 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 52. For the little that is known of 
Sir John and Lady Duck, see Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., pp. 53, 54, also 
a pedigree of Duck, Heslop and Nicholson. Ibid. p. 156. 

14 1691. Aug. 28. John Bainbridg, butcher, buried, templo. St. 

Nicholas' Registers. 

15 1691. Oct. 14. Anne, wife of Dr. Granville, Dean of Durham, buried. 
Cathedral Registers. Mrs. Granville was Anne, daughter of Bishop Cosin, 
and was married to Dennis Greneville, subsequently Dean of Durham, on 
Sept., 16, 1662, at Auckland St. Andrew, being then about 19 years of age. 
Granville seems to have; alleged subsequently that he had been insnared 
to marry ' a distracted wife/ which provoked Mrs. Granville, probably at 
her father's instigation, to make a declaration before a notary public that 
the distemper she sometimes had for a day or two was not concealed from 
her husband before he wooed and married her (see Remains of Dean 
Granville, Part n, pp. 2, 4). 

Denis Granville, a younger son of Sir Bevil Granville, was born 13 
Feb., 1636/7, and was educated at Exeter College, Oxford, where he 
matriculated, 6 Aug., 1658; M.A., 1660; D.D., 1670. He was ordained in 
1661 and was presented in the same year to the family living of Kilk- 
hampton. In the following year he was made a Fellow of Eton and 
prebendary of the first stall in the Cathedral of Durham, 1662-1668. His 
subsequent preferments were as follows : — rector of Easington, and arch- 
deacon of Durham, 1662-1691; rector of Elwick, 1664-1667; prebendary of 
the second or Golden stall of Durham, 1668-1684; rector of Sedgefield, 
1667-1691. In spite of this ecclesiastical monopoly he was arrested for debt in 
the cloisters of the Cathedral, 8 July, 1674, on returning to his house in the 
College from attending the funeral of Captain Forster, and was carried off to 
gaol. On pleading his privilege as a Royal chaplain-in-ordinary he obtained 
an order from the King in Council for his release; his creditors being 
reprehended and ordered to be prosecuted. He was appointed to be Dean 
of Durham in 1684, at the instance of Bishop Crewe, who is reported to 



129 

Nov. 19. Mrs. Beamond, wife to Person Beamond, .... 
being Thursday. 16 

Nov. 23. Robert Jackson, skinner in Gyligate, .... being 
Munday. 

Dec. 1. John Yapp, .... being Tuesday. 17 

Dec. 18. * Mr. Marshall, minor cannon in ye Chathedrall of 
Durham, .... being Friday. 18 

Dec. 18. And Elizabeth Richardson of Clapath, little Thorn's 
wife, departed ye same day. 19 

*I)ec. 19. William Peareson, glover, comonly called Laird Peare- 
son, .... being Satterday about 6 of ye clock at night ; and made 
his will ye 15th day. 

*Dec. 25. Michael Huson, .... being Friday. 20 

Jan. 1. Margery Rutlass, wif to Ralph Rutlass, .... being 
Friday. 1 

Jan. 22. Margaret Hall, wife to Robert Hall, of Stotgate, 
being Friday. 2 

have retorted to Archbishop Sancroft's warning that ' Greenvill was not 
worthy of the least stall in Durham church/ by saying he ' rather chose 
a gentleman than a silly fellow, who knew nothing but books ' (see Bishop 
Crewe's Life, quoted in vol. 37 of this series, p. 187, note). Granville seems 
to have used his influence with the clergy in 1688 to read James II. 's illegal 
Declaration and notes that in the sixty-five churches in his jurisdiction as 
archdeacon, in twenty only was it read : he ' was mightly surprised at this 
unexpressed spirit of opposition/ On the 11 Dec, of the same year, he left 
the ancient deanery-house of Durham and took refuge in France, leaving 
his wife dependent on the compassion of the Cathedral body, who, on the 
8 Dec, 1690, granted her .£20 to be paid quarterly, she being left ' destitute 
and unprovided for her present subsistence ' (see vol. 37 of this series, 
Introduction, p. xli.). Having thus withdrawn himself from the realm 
without having, as prescribed by Parliament, taken the Oath of Allegiance 
to William and Mary, Granville on the 1 Feb., 1690/1, vacated his prefer- 
ments. He died at Paris, 18 April, 1703. His letters and other literary 
remains have been sympathetically edited by the Rev. George Ornsby and 
may be found in vols. 37 and 47 of this series. 

16 Apparently wife of Hammond Beaumont, some time curate at 
Easington. 

17 1691. Dec. 2. Mr. John Yapp, buried. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 
1691. Dec. 2. John Yappe, bailiff to ye Dean and Chapter, buried. 
Cathedral Registers. He married 3 Feb., 1667/8, at the Cathedral, Eleanor 
Hilton, daughter of Lancelot Hilton, of Durham, attorney, and of Hilton 
in Staindropshire, by whom he had issue, Abraham Yapp, clerk in orders, of 
St. John's College, Cambridge, when he matriculated, 8 Feb., 1680/1, minor 
canon of Durham. 

18 1691. Dec. 19. William Martiall, clerk, M.A., minor canon, buried. 
Cathedral Registers. 

19 1691. Dec. 20. Elizabeth Richardson, widow, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

20 1691. Dec. Michael Hewson, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
1 1691/2. Jan. 2. Margery Rutledge, buried. Ibid. 

2 1691/2. Jan. 23. Margarett Hall, of Stotgate, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 



130 

Feb. 3. Robert Hall of Stottgate, .... being Wednesday. 3 

Feb. 4. Mr. Alderman Walker, .... being Thursday. 4 

Feb. 8. Mrs. Heighington, .... being Munday. 5 

Feb. 11. George Ridley, spurrier and cocker, .... being 

Thursday. 6 

Feb. 15. Thomas Jackson of Sadler Street," .... being 

Munday. 7 

Feb. 15. And John Stott ye roper, dyed ye same day. 8 

Feb. 16. Doctor Frederick Arnold, .... being Tuesday. 9 

Feb. 23. Jane Belley, .... being Tuesday. 10 

Feb. 25. Margaret Ross, .... being Thursday. 11 

Mar. 10. Edward Hodshon, miller of Keepier Mill, .... being 

Thursday. 12 

Mar. 20. Katherin Thornton, wife to Roger Thornton, .... 

being Sunday. 13 

1692. 

May 18. Jane Dickinson, .... being Thursday. 14 

May 18. Thomas Colly son, .... being Thursday. 15 

*May 23. Mr. Ralph Heath, he being blind, .... being Mun- 



day. 



1G 



3 1691/2. Feb. 4. Robert Hall of Stottgate, buried. Ibid. 

4 1691/2. Feb. 5. Mr. John Walker, mercer and. alderman, buried in 
the chancell. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

5 1691/2. Feb. 11. Mrs. Frances Heighington, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. She was wife of William Heighington, who in 1656, purchased 
a moiety of Windgate in the parish of Kelloe. Her husband died 28 Nov., 
1693. See also pedigree of Heighington, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 99. 

6 1691/2. Feb. 12. George Ridley, spurrier, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

" 1691/2. Feb. 16. Thomas Jackson, joyner, buried, templo. Ibid. 

8 1691/2. Feb. 16. John Stott, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

M691/2. Feb. 17. Fredderick Arnold, buried. Ibid. 

"1691/2. Feb. 24. Jane Belly, buried. Ibid. 

"1691/2. Feb. 26. Marg* Rose, buried. Ibid. 

12 1691/2. March 11. Edward Hodgshon, buried. Ibid. 

13 1691/2. March 21. "Katharin Thornton, wife of Roger Thornton, 
yeoman, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

14 1692. May 19. Jane Dickenson, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

15 1692. May 19. Thomas Collison, buried. Ibid. 

"Ralph Heath of Little Eden, only son and heir of Nicholas Eden of 
that place, died unmarried and was buried at St. Margaret's, 25 May, 
1692. His only sister, Dorothy, married Thomas Cradock, attorney general 
to the Bishop of Durham. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 38. 
Nicholas' Registers . 



131 

May 25. Mrs. Matilday Hodshon, Alderman George Hodshon's 

wife, .... being- Wednesday. 17 

*June 4. Mr. Thornton, our Dean's, Doctor Cumber's wife's 

brother, .... being Satterday. 18 

June 4. Alexander Shaw, whitesmith, senior, . . . . 19 
June 10. William Kirkley, weaver, .... being Friday. 20 
July 16. John Bailey, chapman, departed this life suddenly, 

being Satterday. 1 



17 1692. May 26. Mrs. Matilda Hodgson, widow, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

I. George Hodgson of Durham, mercer and alderman, was churchwarden 

of St. Nicholas* in 1665, and mayor in 1671. He married Matilda, 
daughter of Thomas Forster and sister of Pexall Forster, who survived 
him, and was buried in St. Nicholas' church, 26 May, 1692. They 
had issue : — 
William II. 
Charles Hodgson [apothecary], baptized, St. Nicholas', 31 May, 

1663 [buried, 26 Sept., 1718]. 
George, baptized, St. Nicholas', 4 Feb., 1665/6, buried in the 

church, 20 June, 1666. 
Mark Hodgson of Durham, mercer, baptized, St. Nicholas', 14 July, 

1667, buried in the church, 13 Mar., 1699/1700. 
John, baptized, St. Nicholas', 19 June, 1669, buried in the church, 

1 July, 1669. 
Peter, baptized, St. Nicholas', 12 Aug., 1673, buried in the church, 
27 Nov., 1675. 

II. William Hodgson, mercer and alderman, baptized at St. Nicholas', 6 

Feb., 1661/2, was mayor of Durham in 1694. He married, 6 May, 
1683, Ann, daughter of [William] Paxton, and was buried in St. 
Nicholas' church, 16 May, 1700, and had issue: — 

William, baptized, St. Nicholas', 6 June, 1686 [buried 12 May, 

George, baptized, St. Nicholas', 13 Dec, 1687, buried in the 

church, 9 Jan., 1687/8. 
Nicholas, baptized, St. Nicholas', 1 May, 1689. 
John Hodgson, merchant, baptized at St. Nicholas', 6 May, 1691 
George, baptized, St. Nicholas', 24 Aug. 1696. 
Anne, baptized, St. Nicholas', 31 Mar., 1684, buried in the church, 

31 July, 1689. 
Elizabeth, baptized, St. Nicholas', 22 Sept., 1693, buried in th: 

church, 16 July, 1694. 
Eleanor, baptized, St. Nicholas', 15 Feb., 1697/8. 

18 He was son of William Thornton, of East Newton, Yorkshire, and 
matriculated at University College, Oxford, 1 June, 1682. aged 19; B.A., 
1683; M.A. from Magdalen, 1686; rector of Boldon, 1691; and was buried 
in the Nine Altars on the 6 June, 1692. 

"1692. June 5. Alexander Shaw, whitesmith, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

20 1692. June 10. William Kirkley, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

1 1692. July 17. John Bailey, buried. Ibid. 



132 

*July 23. Mr. John Hubback, postmaster, junior, .... being 
Salter day. 2 

July 26. Two young men was drowned above New Bridge; 
Marley and Chilton by name, one a. painter, ye other, a shoomaker, 
Arthur Riddley's man. 3 

•Sept. 15. Michael Welch, the Bishopp's porter, .... being 
Thursday. 4 

*Sept. 15. Bett Lamb, dyed ye same day at night. 
Sept. 16. Ralph Rutlish," .... being Friday. 5 
Oct. 14. William Snawdon, plummer, .... being Friday. 6 
Nov. 30. Christopher Lambe, smith, .... being Wednesday. 7 
*Deo. 22. Robert Meaburne, .... being Thursday, was killed 
by ye fall of a peece timber. 

Jan. 3. Ann Younger, wife to Cuthbert Younger, .... being 
Tuesday. 8 

2 1692. July 21. Mr. John Hubbock, postmaster, buried, templo. 
St. Nicholas', Registers. 

John Hubbock is described in St. Nicholas' Registers in 1661 as postmaster. 
He buried his first wife, Matilda, in that church, 26 Jan., 1663/4; 
and on the 21 July, 1664, married, secondly, at Seaham, Catherine 
Mason, widow; her he buried at the Cathedral, 20 Jan., 1683/4. He 
had (perhaps with other) issue : — 

Samuel, buried in St. Nicholas', 20 June, 1660. 

Alice, buried in St. Nicholas', 30 Mar., 1661. 

Matilda, baptized at St. Nicholas', 15 Sept., 1661, buried 21 Dec, 
1662. 

Frances, baptized at St. Nicholas', 17 Oct., 1663 

James, buried in St. Nicholas', 24 April, 1665. 

Elizabeth, buried in St. Nicholas', 26 Mar., 1675. 
John Hubbock, the younger, was probably a son of the first-named and 
seemed to have succeeded him in the pastmastership, or perhaps as 
joint postmaster. He occurs in St. Nicholas' Registers in 1687 as 
vintner. He had issue : — 

John, baptized at St. Nicholas', 24 Sept., 1682. 

Joseph, baptized at St. Nicholas', 27 Jan., 1683/4. 

Frances, buried at St. Nicholas', 12 Dec, 1679. 

Mary, baptized at St. Nicholas'. 10 Feb., 1685/6. 

Matilda, baptized at St. Nicholas', 26 Feb., 1687/8; married 29 Nov. 

1724, James Richardson. 

Elizabeth, baptized at St. Nicholas', 16 Jan., 1689/90. 

3 1692. July 27. Robert Morley, painter, and Robert Chilton, cord- 
wainer, were drowned beside the new bridge the 26 July; buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. 

4 Michael Welsh must have succeeded (his kinsman) Gregory Welsh, 
who died 28 March, 1685. See p. 112 supra. Also Six North Country 
Diaries, pp. 50, 55. 

5 1692. Sept. 17. Ralph Rutledge, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1692. Oct. 15. William Snawdon, yeoman, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. His wife died 11 Jan., 1689/90. 

7 1692. Dec. 2. Christopher Lamb, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

8 1692/3. Jan. 3. (Blank) wife of Cuthbert Younger, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 



133 

Jan. 10. Mrs. Sutton, sister to Mr. Sutton, Sir Edward Smith's 

steward, .... being Tuesday. 9 

Jan. 15. John Robinson, servant to Jo. Jackson, .... being 

Sunday morne about 1 our. 

Feb. 18. Mrs. Arrabella, Drewry, . . . being Satterday. 10 
Feb. 18. Mr. William Stagg, attorney-at-law, . . . .** 
*Feb. 18. Franns Hutchinson, Dick of Trymdon's wife, .... 

at night about ten and eleaven. 

Feb. 18. Thomas Allinson, in Gilygate, skinner, .... being 

Satterday at night. 

Feb. 23. Mr. George Nicholson, attorney-at-law, .... being 

Thursday. 12 

1693. 
April 14. Elizabeth Kemps, Symon Hutchinson's wife, .... 

being Good Friday 13 

April 21. Mary Chipeha.se, wife to William Chipecha.se, .... 

being Friday. 14 

May 1. Mr. Handby, senior, .... being Munday. 15 

May 14. Mrs. Martin, Mr. Thomas Martin's wife, .... being 

Sunday at night about 11 of ye clock. 16 

May 17. Mr. Nicholas Heath, .... being Wednesday. 17 
June 14. Mrs. Heath, .... being Wednesday at 10 at night. 18 
July 8. Alice Hawdon, .... being Satterday. 19 
Aug. 3. James Mickleton esq., councill-at-law, .... being 

Thursday. 20 

9 1692/3. Jan. 11. Mrs. Judith Sutton, buried. Ibid. 

10 1692/3. Feb. 19. Arabella, wife of William Dewry, buried. Ibid. 

"1692/3. Feb. 19. William Stagg, Not. Pub., buried. Cathedral 
Registers. He married 29 Aug., 1677, at the Cathedral, Alice Scurf eild, 
widow, and by her had issue. 

12 1692/3. Feb. 24. Mr. George Nicholson, buried. St. Mary-le-Bow 
Registers. 

13 1693. April 15. Elizabeth Hutchinson, wife of Simon Hutchinson, 
•cordwainer, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

14 1693. April 22. Mary, wife of William Chipses, buried. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 

15 1693. May 3. Mr. William Hanby, buried. St. Mary-le-Bow Regis- 
ters. 

16 1693. May 16. (Blank) wife of Mr. Thomas Martin, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

17 1693. May 18. Mr. Nicholas Heath, buried. Ibid. Apparently 
Nicholas Heath of Little Eden. See Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 38. 

18 1693. June 16. Mrs. Barbary Heath, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

19 1693. July 8. Alice Hawdon, buried. No affidavit brought accord- 
ing to the Act of Parliament for burying in wollen. St. Mary-le-Bow 
Registers. 

20 1693. Aug. 4. James Mickleton, esq., buried. Cathedral Registers. 
This was the author of the invaluable Mickleton collection in the possession 
of the Dean and Chapter. He was a son of Christopher Mickleton, of 



134 

*Aug. 14. Old Mr. Henry Justice Lambton, of Lambton, . . . 
being Munday, and was buried upon Friday after. 1 

Aug. 20. George Chapman, show-maker, . . . .about 2 in ye 
morning, being Sunday. 2 

Aug. 23. Mr. James Church, .... being Wednesday morne 
about 1 in ye morning. 3 

Oct. 2. Anthony Vasey, cobler, .... being Tuesday. 4 

Oct. 10. Sir Christopher Cbnycrs was brought through Durham 
ye 10th of October, being Tuesday. 

Oct. 19. John Stoot, sadler, .... being Thursday. 5 

Oct. 29. William Brass, cobler, .... being Tuesday. 6 

Nov. 10. Margaret Marshall, wife to Thomas Marshall, cooper, 
. . . . being Sunday. 7 

Nov. 10. Beardy Gray, dyed ye same day. 

Nov. 15. Mr. George Shires, alderman, .... being Friday. 8 
*Nov. 16. Mr. Ellis, the King of the beggars, .... being 
Satterday, at night. 

Nov. 18. William Hutchinson, tanner, Dick of Trimdon's son, 
.... being Munday. 9 

Nov. 18. John Southerin, .... being Satterday. 

Nov. 25. Doctor Dent, .... being Satterday. 10 

Durham, attorney (who was born at Mickleton in Lunedale, co. York), 
and was baptised at St. Mary-le-Bow, 20 April, 1638, and admitted to Gray's 
Inn, 26 November, 1652. By his wife, Frances, daughter of Michael Hall 
of Durham, he left an only surviving son, Michael Mickleton of Durham, 
barrister-at-law. His name, date of death, and age were cut on his father's 
tombstone ; the inscription although no longer legible, has been preserved by 
Hutchinson, Durham, vol. 11, p. 271. 

1 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 56. 

2 1693. Aug. 20. George Chapman, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

3 1693. Aug. 23. Mr. James Church, buried. St. Margaret's Regis- 
ters. 

4 1693. Oct. 3. Anthony Vasey, buried. Ibid. 

5 1693. Oct. 20. John Stout, a parishioner, buried at St. Margret's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

1693. Oct. 20. John Stout, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1693. Oct. 30. William Brass, cordwaner, buried, templo. St„ 
Nicholas' Registers. 

7 1693. Dec. 11. Margarett Marshall, buried. St. Margaret's Regis- 
ters. 

8 1693. Dec. 16. Mr. George Shyres, alderman, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Begisters. 

9 1693. Dec. 19. William Hutchinson buried. St. Margaret's Registers.. 

10 1693. Nov. 26. Mr. William Dentt, of the parish of St. Nicholas', 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1693. Nov. 26. Mr.' William Dent, apothecary, buried at Elvet. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 



135 

Nov. 28. Mr. William Heighington, „ . . . being Tuesday. 11 

Nov. 29. Clement Laydler, boucher, .... being Friday. 

Dec. 6. Mr. Bacon, apothecary, .... being Wednesday. 12 

Jan. 1. Mrs. Skinner, Mr. Thomas Skinner's wife, . . . . 
being Munday. 13 

Jan. 1. John .Stoot, son of Cuthbert Stoot, sadler, . . . . 
being Munday. 14 

Jan. 10. Ralph Nicholson, hardwareman. and Quaker, . . . . 
being Wednesday. 

Jan. 12. Mr. Thirkeld, apothecary, .... being Friday. 15 
*Jan. 29. Mr. Archdeacon's wife, .... being Munday. 16 

11 1693. Nov. 29. Mr. Will Heighington, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

I. William Heighington of Durham [postmaster, 1648], purchased a moiety 

of Windgate, in the parish of Kelloe, in 1656. He married Frances 
[daughter of Ambrose Myres of Durham, plumber and alderman], and 
died 28 Nov., 1693. His wife died 8 Feb., 1691/2. They had issue : — 
Ambrose II. 

Michael [buried at St. Margaret's, 21 Feb., 1690]. 
Frances [baptized at St. Nicholas', Aug., 1648], married at St. 
Margaret's, 9 Sept., 1669, Thomas Lassells of Mount Grace 
and of Durham, and secondly, James Church of Durham, 
attorney. 
Elizabeth [baptized, St. Nicholas', 4 April, 1652], married, at St. 
Margaret's, 7 Oct., 1677, Edward Beckworth. 

II. Ambrose Heighington of Durham and White Hurworth, baptized at 

St. Margaret's, 30 May, 1654, of St. John's College, Cambridge, 
matriculated, 20 April, 1672, aged 18, and died, 4 May, 1683, in his 
father's lifetime. By his wife, Catherine, daughter of Thomas Mus- 
grave, Dean of Carlisle (see p. 115, supra) he had issue: — 

William, Heighington, baptized at St. Margaret's, 12 Mar., 

1677/8, of Queen's College, Oxford, matriculated, 16 June, 

1694, aged 16, sold his property at Windgate in 1701. 

Musgrave Heighington, baptized, St. Mary in the South Bailey, 

2 March, 1679/80, stated to have died at Dundee circa 1774.^, 

Catherine, baptized at Pittington, 16 Aug., 1681, named in her 

grandfather's will, 1692. 
Mary, posthumous, baptized at the Cathedral, 20 June, 1683, 
buried at St. Margaret's, 27 Aug., 1684. 
See pedigree of Heighington, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 99. 

12 1693. Dec. 7. Mr. Christopher Bacon, apothecary, buried, temple 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

13 1693/4. Jan. 2. Ann Skinner, buried. Witton Gilbert Registers. 
14 1693/4. Jan. 2. John, an infant son of John Stout, sadler, deceased, 
buried at St. Margaret's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

15 1693/4. Jan. 13. Mr. Thomas Thirkeld, apothecary, buried, templo. 
Ibid. He may have been a member of the family of Thirkeld of Even wood, 
of whom was William Thirkeld, stipendiary curate of Brancepeth and 
incumbent of Startforth, who died in April, 1675. His son, William, was a 
doctor at Durham. See Arch Ael., 2 ser., vol. iii., pp. 99, 100. 

16 1693/4. Feb. 1. Anne, wife of Archdeacon Booth buried. Cathedral 
Registers. She was daughter of Sir Kobert Booth, Chief Justice of the 
Court of Common Pleas of Ireland, and first wife of Robert Booth, arch- 
deacon of Durham, afterwards Dean of Bristol. See Registers of Durham 
Cathedral, ed. White, p. 107. 



136 

Feb. 4. Henry Brittaine of Durham Moore house, .... 
being Sunday. 17 

Feb. 11. Mrs. Rippon, Doctor Gray's housekeeper, .... 
being Sunday. 18 

Fob. 14. Mr. Nicholas Crossby, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Wednesday. 19 

*Feb. 25. My Lord of Durham's porter, Mitchell by name, .... 
being Sunday. 20 

Mar. 5. George Thompson, smith, in Elvett, .... being 
Munday. 1 

Mar. 10. Mrs. Kirkby, Mr. George Kirkby's wife, .... being 
Satterday. 2 

Mar. 1 1 . Elizabeth Stout, wife to Cuthbert Stout, sadler, .... 
being Wednesday. 3 

1694. 

April 11. Timothy Horsman, .... being Wednesday. 4 

May 7. Nicholas Bee, son of Jacob Bee, at Garrigall, nere 
Auston, .... being Munday. 5 

May 9. Robert Dobson, son to Anthony Dobson, .... being 
Wednesday. 

May 10. Cuthbert Heighington, plumer, .... being Thursday. 

May 11. Sissala Todd, .... being Friday. 

May 13. John Kirkley, weaver, .... being Sunday, having 
gott a fall downe Broken Walls the day before. 6 

May 16. Gilbert Wilkinson, senior, chandler, .... being 
Wednesday. 7 

June 7. Cuthbert Younger, joyner, .... being Thursday. 8 

June 9. Nicholas Corby, very suddenly, .... being Satter- 
day. 

17 1693/4. Mar. 5. Henry Brittan, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

18 1693/4. Feb. 13. Dorothy Rippon, buried. Ibid. 

19 1693/4. Feb. 15. Mr. Nicholas Crosby, of the parish of St. Nicholas, 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

20 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 56. 

1 1693/4. Mar. 6. George Thompson, whitesmith, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

2 1693/4. Mar. 11. Mary Kirkby, widow, buried. Cathedral Registers . 

1667. April 14. Mr. George Kirkly and Mrs. Mary Smith of this 
parish, married with licence. St. Oswald's Registers. 

'1693/4. Mar. 30. Eliz. Stout, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

4 1694. April 12. Timothy Horseman, buried. Cathedral Registers. 

5 He was the Diarist's eldest son and was baptized at St. Margaret's, 
22 July, 1658. 

6 1694. May 14. John Kirkley, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

7 1694. May 17. Gilbert Wilkinson, tallow chandler, buried, templo. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

8 1694. June 7. Cuth bt Younger, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 



137 

June 19. Elizabeth Rutter, Isaac Butter's wife, Little Dick's 
daughter, .... being Tuesday. 9 

July 27. Dorothy Mitchell, wife to William Mitchell, junior, 
.... being Friday. 

Aug. 17. Francis Hunter, .... being Friday. 10 

Aug. 28. William Turbitt was killed by a madman at night, 
being Tuesday. 11 

Sept. 12. Mady Batmesonn of Primoroseside, .... being Wed- 
nesday. 

*Sept. 16. Lard Atkinson of Canny Wood Side, departed this 
life the 16th day of Sept. ('94), being supposed to be killed by 
Raiph Maddison of Shotley Briggs, which alter was hang'd for the 
murther. 13 

Oct. 7. Bealy Smith of Crossgate, .... being Sunday. 14 

Oct. 13. Mr. Thomas Cole of Branspeth, suddenly, .... being 
Satterday. 15 

Oct. 23. Doctor Ayre, prebend of Durham, .... being Tues- 
day, and was buried ye 25. 16 

Oct. 27. Mrs. Francis Thompson of Crossgate, .... being 
Satterday morning, about 3 a clock. 17 

Nov. 16. Mr. Charles Rayne, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Friday. 18 

Nov. 22. Old Jane Dobson, .... being Thursday. 

Nov. 30. Elizabeth Bowes, wife to Cuthbert Bowes, . . . . 
being Friday. 19 

9 1694. June 21. Elizabeth, wife of Isaac Rutter, buried. Ibid. 

10 1694. Aug. 18. Francis Hunter, buried. Ibid. 

11 1694. Aug. 29. William Turbee, buried. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

13 He was known as Mad Maddison. His lands in Shotley Low Quarter 
passed into the hands of the family of Andrews of Durham. See new Hist, 
of Northumberland, vol., vi., p. 285. 'Lard' should be Laird Atkinson. 

14 1694. Oct. 8. Belah Smith 3 buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

15 Thomas Cole, born at Kepier, was baptized at St. Giles, 21 Feb., 
1636/7, as son of Nicholas Cole, gent., created a baronet in 1640. 

16 1694. Oct. 25. Samuel Eyre, D.D., prebendary of ye 3 d prebend, 
and rector of Whitburn, buried. Cathedral Registers. He was son of 
Reg. Eyre of Nether Seale, Leicestershire, and matriculated at Lincoln 
College, Oxford, 17 Mar., 1664/5, aged 15; B.A., 1668; M.A., 1671; B.D., 
1680; D.D., 1687. 

17 1694. Oct. 23. Mrs. Dorothy Thompson, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

18 1694. Nov. 17. Mr. Charles Raine of the parish of St. (blank), 
attorney. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1694. Nov. 17. Charles Raine, a parishioner, buried at St. Oswald's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

19 1694. Dec. 1. Elisabeth, wife of Cuthbert Bowes, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. 

1694. Dec. 1. Elisabeth Bowes, wife of Mr. Cuthbert, draper t ay lor, a 
parishioner, buried in the Abbey church yard. St. Nicholas' Registers. 
Her husband (who was son of Edward Bowes of Darlington) was laid beside 
her, 22 Feb., 1714/5, being described in the registers as a taylor. 



Nov. 


30. 


Nov. 


30. 


Dec. 


4, 


Dec. 


23. 


Dec. 


26. 


day. 3 
*Dec. 


28. 


Jan. 


4. 


Feb. 


19. 


being Ti 
Feb. 


27. 


Mar. 


1. 


day. 7 
Mar. 


3. 


•Mar. 


6. 



138 

.Rachel Unthank's husband(?) 
John Smith, labourer, .... being Friday. 20 
Thomas Arundall, .... being Tuesday at night. 1 
Old Jane Hopper, baker, .... being Sunday. 2 
Mrs. Shuttleworth, of Elvitt, .... being Wednes- 

Queen Mary departed this life, being Friday. 
Cuthbert Hendry of Shinkley, .... being Friday. 4 
Ann Todd, daughter of Matthew Todd, mayson, . . 

Richard Green, glasser, .... being Wednesday. 6 
Mary Watson of South Street, .... being Thurs- 

Cuthbert Bee, .... being Sunday. 8 
Mrs. Margaret Coulson, Pexell Padman's Delilay, 
.... being Wednesday morning. 

1695. 

April 1. John Benson, cook, .... being Munday. 9 

April 2. William Hutchinson, book-binder, .... being Tues- 
day. 10 

April 7. John Evens, blacksmith, .... being Sunday. 
morning. 11 

April 18. Robert Woodmas, .... being Thursday. 12 

20 1694. Dec. 3. Jo n Smith, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

1 1694. Dec. 5. Thomas Arrundell, buried, templo. St. Nicholas'' 
Registers. 

2 1694. Dec. 25. Jane Hopper, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

s 1694. Dec. 28. Mrs. Elizabeth Shuttelworth, of this parish, was 
buried in the Abbie church-yard. St. Oswald's Registers. She was widow 
of Nicholas Shuttleworth of Forcet, in Yorkshire, and daughter and co- 
heiress of (Thomas?) Moore of Berwick-on-Tweed. See Six North Country 
Diaries, pp. 222, 223. 

4 1694/5. Jan. 6. Cuthbert Hendry of Shinkliffe, yeoman, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. He was probably the father of Hammond Hendry of 
Durham, attorney. See p. 82, supra. 

5 1694/5. Feb. 21. Anne Todd, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1694/5. Feb. 28. Richard Greene, glasier, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

7 1694/5. Mar. 2. Mary Watson, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

s 1694/5. Mar. 4. Cuthbert Bee, draper taylor, buried. St. Nicholas'' 
Registers. 

9 1695. April 2. Mr. John Benson, buried. St. Marjj-le-Bow Registers. 

10 1695. April 3. Hugh Hutchinson, bookebinder, a parishioner,, 
buried in the chancell of St. Margaret's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

11 1695. April 8. John Evance, blacksmith, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

12 1695. April 19. Mr. Robert Woodmas, buried. St. Margaret'* 
Registers. 

1688. Sept. 14. Robard Woodmass and Alizes Johnson, married. IbicL 



139 

Aug. 17. Mr. Edward Arden, my Lord Bishopp Crew's steward, 
.... being Satterday at night. 13 

Aug. 19. William Foster, shooemaker, .... being Munday. 14 

Sept. 23. Mrs. Shadforth, .... being Munday. 15 
*Oct. 11. Ursula Best was smothered in a sand-hole, being 
Friday. 

Oct. 31. Nicholas Mavson, weaver, he died suddenly, being 
Thursday. 16 

*Dec. 14. My Lady Duck departed this life in ye morning, being 
Satterday, and buried the 18th day, being Wednesday. 17 

Dec. 17. Christopher Jolley, butcher, .... being Tuesday. 18 

Dec. 27. Thomas Rowell, mason, .... being Friday morn. 19 

Jan. 26. John Bowman, the Bishopp's porter, .... being 
Sunday. 20 

Jan. 26. Mary Frizell, William FrizelPs wife, .... being 
Sunday at night. 1 

Feb. 8. Mathew Littster, milner, .... being Satterday at 
night. 2 

Feb. 9. Mrs. Taylorson, .... being Sunday. 3 

13 Edward Arden was secretary to Bishop Crewe, and was admitted to 
the freedom of the Mercers' Company of Durham 16 Oct., 1676 (Surtees, 
Durham, vol. iv., p. 23). He may perhaps be identified with the seventh 
son of Ralph Arden, otherwise Ardern, of Alvanley, a family what seems 
to have had some connection with Bishop Crewe : one of the above-named 
Edward Arden's great nephews being named Crewe Arden. See pedigree 
of Arden, Ormerod, Cheshire, vol. ii., p. 42. Later in the pedigree may 
be found the name of John Arden of Arden, in Cheshire, and of Pepper 
Arden, North Riding of Yorkshire, father of the first Lord Alvanley and 
of Laetitia, wife of Edward Rudd, rector of Haughton-le-Skern, who died 
14 May, 1806. See Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 107. Several of his letters 
are printed in Surtees, Durham, vol. i,, appendix, clxiii.-clxv. 

14 1695. Aug. 19. William Foster, cordwainer, buried at St. Margaret's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

15 1695. Sept. 24. Mrs. Elizabeth Shadforth, widow, a parishioner, 
buried at St. Margaret's. Ibid. She was probably the daughter of 
Marmaduke Blakeston, of Newton Hall, and widow of Thomas Shadforth, of 
Eppleton. See pedigree of Shadforth, Surtees, Durham,, vol. i., p. 221. 

16 1695. Nov. 1. Nicholas Mayson, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

17 1695. Dec. 18. Madam Duck, buried. Ibid. 

18 1695. Dec. 18. Christopher Jolley, butcher, buried. St. Nicholas* 
Registers. 

19 1695. Dec. 28. Thomas Rowell, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

20 1695/6. Jan. 27. John Bowman, buried. Cathedral Registers. He 
was laid beside his wife, who was buried 25 Mar., 1690. 

1 1695/6. Jan. 27. Mary, wife of William Frizell, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

* 1695/6. Feb. 9. Mathew Lister, miller, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

3 1695/6. Feb. 10. Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Thomas Taylorson, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

1716. Dec. 13. Mr. Thomas Taylorson and Mrs. Frances Lassells. 
married. Ihid. 



140 

Feb. 15. Elizabeth Arrundall, Robert Arundall's wife, .... 
being Satterday. 4 

Feb. 22. Mr. Alderman Peacock, .... being Satterday, at 
night. 5 

Feb. 29. John Harrison, Barbary Younger 's husband, .... 
being Friday. 6 

Mar. 9. Andrew Milner, .... being Munday, at night. 7 

Mar. 8. Cuthbert Sanders, .... at night. 8 

Mar. 14. Mr. Edward King, barber, .... being Satterday. 9 
And Robert Hall, ye tinker ye day before. 10 

Mar. 22. Robert Arundall, .... being Sunday at night. 11 

1696. 

April 27. Richard Hills, cadger, .... being Munday. 12 
*April 28. Lawyer Davison, of Elvet, dyed very suddenly at 
Hardwick, being Tuesday. 13 

April 9. Robert Johnson, drap. taylor, .... being Maundy 
Thursday. 14 

April 29. John Reah, butcher, .... being Wednesday. 15 

May 22. Nicholas Hutchinson, taylor, .... being Friday. 16 
*June 1. Mrs. Tunstall, .... being Munday, and was buried 
in Pexell Dent's yard. 

July 1. George Page, cordwayner, .... being Wednesday. 18 

4 1695/6. Feb. 16. Mrs. Arundell, wife of Robert Arrundell, buried, 
templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

5 1695/6. Feb. 23. Mr. John Peacock, mercer, buried, templo. Ibid, 
Probably an unidentified member of the family of Peacock of Burnhall. See 
Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 99. 

6 1695/6. Feb. 29. John Harrison, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

7 1695/6. Mar. 10. Andrew Milner, cordwainer, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

8 1695/6. Mar. 9. Cuthbert Sanders, buried. Ibid. 

9 1695/6. Mar. 15. Edward King, barber, buried. Ibid. 

10 1695/6. Mar. 15. Robert Hall, brazer, one of the poore belonging to 
this parish. St. Oswald's Registers. 

11 1695/6. Mar. 23. Robert Arrundell, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. See his wife's death in the previous month. 

12 1696. April 28. Richard Hills, carrier, buried. Ibid. 

13 Alexander Davison, eldest son and heir of Ralph Davison, of Thornley- 
Gore and Elvet was admitted to Gray's Inn 1 May, 1656, and married Joan, 
daughter of William Pennyman, of Normanby, Yorkshire, by whom he had 
issue, nine sons and two daughters. He was buried at St. Oswald's. See 
pedigree of Davison, Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 167. 

14 1696. April 13. Robert Johnson, draper taylor, buried, templo. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

15 1696. April 30. John Reah, buried. St. Margaret's Register?. 

16 1696. May 23. Nicholas Hutchinson, buried. Ibid. 

1696. July 2. George Page, cordwainer, buried. St. Nicholas' 



HI 

July 5. Parson Henry Smith, .... being Sunday. 19 

Aug. 1. William Richarrdson, mayson, .... being Satter- 

day and was buried that night. 20 

Aug. 17. Mrs. C'rossby, blind Crosby, .... suddenly, being 
Munday. 1 

Aug. 27. Dorothy Teasdale, of Claypath, .... being Thurs- 
day. 2 

Aug. 27. John Howell, mason, .... being Thursday. 3 

Sept. 8. Mr. Richard Wharton, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Tuesday. 4 

Dec. 9. John Eggleston, bucher, .... being Wednesday. 5 

Jan. 1. Henry Wanlass, .... being Friday. 6 

Jan. 1. Christopher Wilkinson, Mary Wilkinson's son, .... 
being Friday. 7 

Jan. 8. Ralph Gelson, .... being Friday. 8 

Jan. 15. Henry Frizell, milner, .... being Friday. 9 

Jan. 30. Simon Comyn, smith, .... being Satterday. 10 

Feb. 5. Thomas Hopper, glover and baker, .... being 
Friday. 11 

19 1696. July 6. Mr. Henry Smith, clerk, buried. On the 19th of 
the preceding month his wife. Tamar, was buried. Cathedral Registers. 
The son of Elias Smith, he was baptized at the Cathedral 10 Feb., 1642/3, 
and was rector of St. Mary in the South Bailey, 1675-1696. 

20 1696. Aug. 1. William Richardson, buried. St. Margaret's Regis- 
ters. 

x 1696. Aug. 19. Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Thomas Crosby, buried. 
Cathedral Registers. She was daughter of Ambrose Myers, and was 
married at the Cathedral, 9 October, 1681. Her husband, an attorney in 
Durham, was laid beside her, 9 Nov., 1707. 

2 1696. Aug. 28. Dorothy Teasdale, widow, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

3 1696. Aug. 28. John Rowell, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

4 1696. Sept. 10. Mr. Richard Wharton, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. He does not seem to have been a member of the Old Park 
family. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 300. 

5 1696. Dec. 9. John Eggleston, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1696/7. Jan. 2. Henry Wardless, dyer, buried, templo. St. Nich- 
olas' Registers. 

7 1696/7. Jan. 2. Christopher Wilkinson, a parishioner, buried att 
St. Oswald's. Ibid. 

1696/7. Jan. 2. Christopher Wilkinson of the parish of St. Nicholas', 
butcher, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

8 1696/7. Jan. 9. Ralph Gelson, sergean, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

9 1696/7. Jan. 16. Henry Frizell, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

10 1696/7. Jan. 30. Simon Comyn, buried. Ibid. 1680. Nov. 23. 
Simon Cominge and Jane Dente, married. Ibid. 

11 1696/7. Feb. 9. Cuthbert Hopper, a stranger, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 



142 

Feb. 14. Robert Wilson, glover and singing man, .... being 
Sunday. 12 

Feb. 18. Mrs. Martin, Person Martin's wife, .... being 
Thursday. 13 

Feb. 19. Ann Sherewood, wife to Ralph Sherewood, .... 
being Friday. 14 

Mar. 6. Margaret Chapman, wife to William Chapman, ..... 
being Satterday. 15 

Mar. 7. Isabell Teasdale, wife to Mathew Teasdale, .... 
being Sunday. 16 

Mar. 7. Mr. Tempus, my Lord Lumley steward, departed this 
life; and was buried the 10th dito, being Wednesday. 17 

*Mar. 8. Mr. Salvin, Duck's Salvin departed this life, being 
Munday, and was buried the 11th dito. 18 

1697. 

April 14. Ann Maddeson, daughter to John Maddeson, .... 
being Wednesday. 19 

April 19. John Jackson of Crossgate, skinner, .... being 
Munday. 20 

April 21. Old Thomi Earle, .... being Wednesday. 

May 10. Mrs. Lewence, . . . .being Munday. 1 
*May 15. Alexander Hume, Mr. Mickleton's gardener, Pegg 
Todd's husband, .... being Satterday. 

July 2. Mary Younger, Robert Younger 's wife, .... being 
Friday. 2 

July 23. Collonel John Tempus, .... being Friday, and 
buried at Forcett. 3 

Robt. Wilson, buried. St. Margaret's R gistzrs. 
Elizabeth Martin, buried. Cathedral Registers. 
Anne Sherwood, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 
Margt. Chapman, buried. Ibid. 
Isabel Teasedale, buried. Ibid. 
17 An unidentified member of the Tempest family. 

18 1696/7. Mar. 11. Mr. Nicholas Salvin, of the parish of St. Nicholas, 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. He was a son of Gerard Salvin of Crox- 
dale, and seems to have been a parasite of Sir John Duck, who from 
obscurity rose to be a most distinguished citizen of Durham. 

19 1697. April 15. Anne, daughter of Jo n Maddison, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

20 1697. April. 20. John Jackson, buried. Ibid. 

1 1697. May 11. Ellenor Lewins, buried. Cathedral Registers. 

2 1697. July 3. Mary, wife of Robert Younger, buried. St Margaret's 
Registers. 

3 John Tempest of the Isle, eldest son of Sir Thomas Tempest, some time 
attorney general of Ireland, married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John 
Heath, of Old Durham, by whom he had issue four or five sons. His eldest 
daughter, Margaret, married Sir Richard Shuttleworth, of Forcet, another 
daughter, Dorothy, married William Sanderson, of Armathwaitf C istle. 
See Six North Country Diaries, p. 41; and Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 93. 



1696/7. 


Feb. 


15. 


1696/7. 


Feb. 


19. 


1696/7. 


Feb. 


20. 


1696/7. 


Mar, 


7. 


1696/7. 


Mar. 


8. 



W6 

July 21. Margaret Heighington, wife to William Heighington, 

. . . . being Wednesday. 

Aug. 7. James Smarte, lay singing man in ye Chathedrall of 

Durham, .... at night betwixt 12 and one. 4 

Aug. 19. Elizabeth Walker, .... about 4 in the morneing, 

being Thursday. 

Aug. 30. Mr. John Hall, alderman, .... being Munday. 5 

Aug. 30. Elizabeth Heron, .... being Munday. 6 

Aug. 29. Robert Welsh, mayson or bricklayer, .... being 

Sunday. 7 

Sept. 25. Henry Atkinson of Branspath, tanner, .... being 

Satterday, at night. 

Oct. 1. Mrs. Jane Foster Mascall, .... being Friday. 8 
Nov. 10. Parson John Martin departed this life, being Wednes- 
day ; and married ye Tueday >(sic) senet before to Mrs. Jane Hume. 9 
Nov. 12. Mr. William Foster, appothecary, .... being Friday 

morning. 10 

Dec. 7. Roger Wilkinson, mayson, .... being Tuesday. 11 
Dec. 7. George Huntley, .... being Tuesday. 12 
Dec. 12. Mrs. Alinson, of ye Baley, .... being Sunday. 13 
Dec. 21. John Addison, Backhouse man, .... being Tuesday. 

4 1697. Aug. 8. James Smart, senior, one of the lay clerks of the 
Cathedral, buried. Cathedral Registers. 

5 1697. Aug. 31. Mr. John Hall, alderman, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. He was son of John Hall of Durham, alderman and 
draper, and married Anne, daughter of William Kennet of Coxhow by 
whom he had issue five sons and six daughters. His youngest son, Dr. 
Jonathan Hall, subsequently became a prebendary of Durham. See 
Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 154. 

6 1697. Sept. 2. Elizabeth Heron, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

7 1697. Aug. 30. Robert Welsh, buried. St. Giles' Registers 

8 1697. Oct. 3. Jane, wife of Mr. Thomas Forster, buried. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. She was Jane, youngest daughter of the first marriage 
of Thomas Mascall, of Durham, attorney, and was married at St. Mar- 
garet's, 10 Mar., 1695, to Thomas Forster. 

9 1697. Nov. 11. Jo. Martin, minor canon of the Cathedral Church of 
Durham, buried. Cathedral Registers. 

1697. Nov. 11. Mr. John Martin, minister, buried in the Abbey 
church yard. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

10 1697. Nov. 13. Mr. William Forster, apothecary, in the parish of 
St. Nicholas, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1697. Nov. 13. William Forster, a parishioner, buried at St. Oswald's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

1692. Sept. 29. Mr. William Forster, apothecary, and Susanna 
Padman, both of the parish of St. Nicholas, married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

11 1697. Dec. 7. Roger Wilkinson, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

12 1697. Dec. 7. George Huntley, buried. Ibid. 

13 1697. Dec. 14 Mrs. Mary Allenson, widow, buried. St. Mary in 
the South Bailey Registers. 



144 

Jan. 1. Mrs. Peacock, in El vet, .... being Satterday. 14 
Jan. 30. Richard Manson, .... being Sunday. 15 
Feb. 22. Mr. Elderidge, inn-keeper, .... being Tuesday. 16 
Feb. 22. Old Mrs. Raw, .... being Tuesday." 
Mar. 23. Old Thomas Harrison, of South Street, carpenter, and 
aged 94, ... . being Wednesday. 18 

1698. 

*April 4. John Smith, of Ash, was murthered and thrown into 

a coal pit, being Munday, at night. 19 

April 9. Mrs. Church in the Bailey, .... being Satterday 

morning. 20 

April 12. William Mitchell, junior, .... being Tuesday. 1 
April 14. Elizabeth Allinson, alis Jefferson, .... being 

Thursday. 

May 29. Richard Shacklock, showmaker, .... being Sunday. 2 
July 8. Ann Carde, widow, at William Skirfields, in South 

Street, .... being Friday. 3 

Aug. 11. Katherin Johnson, wife to John Johnson, tanner, 

.... being Thursday. 4 

14 1697/8. Jan. 3. Mrs. Anne Peacock, wife of Mr. Simon Peacock, 
senior, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. Her husband, Simon Peacock II., 
was laid beside her 8 Nov., 1702. See pedigree of Peacock, Surtees, Durham, 
vol. iv., p. 99. 

15 1697/8. Jan. 31. Richard Morston, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

16 1697/8. Feb. 24. Mr. John Eldridg, buried. Cathedral Registers. 
He married 18 Mar., 1688/9, Margaret (widow of Thomas) Lowther. She 
died in August, 1691. 

17 1697/8. Feb. 24. Mrs. Jane Rowe, widow of Richard Rowe, buried. 
Cathedral Registers. The daughter of Barnabas Hutchinson, of Durham, 
attorney and proctor, she carried lands at Plawsworth to her husband, 
Richard Rowe of South Shields, who was buried in the Cathedral grave yard 
Jan., 1678, aged 58. They had, with other issue, a son and heir, John Rowe 
of Durham, barrister-at-law. and of Plawsworth. See Surtees, Durham, 
vol. ii., p. 203. 

18 1697/8. Mar. 24. Thomas Harrison, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

19 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 58. 

20 1698/9. April 12. Mrs. Marg* Church, widow of Mr. William Church, 
in ye parish of Little St. Maries, So. Bailey, buried. St. Mary in the 
South Bailey Registers. William Church, under sheriff of the county of 
Durham, married at Witton Gilbert, 16 Sept., 1643 (St. Mary-le-Bow 
Registers), Margaret, daughter of Anthony Thompson of Crossgate, and was 
buried at St. Mary's in the South Bailey, 14 Jan., 1663/4. 

1 1698. April 12. William Mitchell, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

2 1698. May 30. Richard Shacklock, buried. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

3 1698. July 9. Anne Card, of the chapelry of St. Margaret's, widow, 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

4 1698. Aug. 13. Catherin, wife of John Johnson, buried. SL 
Margaret's Registers. 



145 

Aug. 28. Mary Smith, wife of John Smith, joyner, .... 
being Sunday. 5 

Sept. 24. John White, of Pimlico, weaver, junior, .... being 
Sunday, at night. 6 

Sept. 15. William Fewster, shoomaker, .... being Thursday 
morning. 7 

Sept. 22. William Morton, weaver, .... being Thursday. 8 

Oct. 21. Mr. Sutton's daughter, .... being Friday. 9 
*Dec. 16. Nann Browne, alis Nan Clout, .... being Friday. 

Dec. 21. Jane Rowel, Geo. Rowel's wife, the boucher, .... 
being Wednesday. 10 

*Jan. 17. Mr. William Frizell, lard Frizell of the Swan, .... 
being Tuesday. 11 

Jan. 28. Capt. William Unthanke, .... being Satterday. 12 

Feb. 7. Mr. Cuthbert Hall, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Tuesday. 13 

Feb. 15. John Browne, carpinter in Gyligate, .... being 
Wednesday. 14 

Feb. 16. Mr. Taylor, in Bailey, .... being Thursday. 15 

Feb. 19. William Stephenson, bailife, .... being Sunday. 16 

Feb. 21. Dorothy Heslopp, .... being Shrove Tuesday. 17 
*Mar. 9. Margret Hutchinson, in Framwelgate, little Dick's 
wife, .... being Thursday. 

Mar. 11. Ellinor Wells, daughter to John Wells, .... about 
11a clock, at night. 18 

5 1698. Aug. 29. Mary, wife of John Smith, joyner, buried. Ibid. 

6 1698. Sept. 5. John White, sen., weaver, buried. Ibid. 

7 1698. Sept. 16. Willm. Fewster, cordweyner, buried. Ibid. 

8 1698. Sept. 23. W m Morton, weaver, buried. Ibid. 

9 1698. May 23. Mr. Thomas Erring-ton and Mrs. Anne Sutton, 
married. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1698. Oct. 24. Anne, wife of Mr. Erring-ton of Elvett, gentleman, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

10 1698. Dec. 22. Jainne Rowell, widow, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

11 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 58. 

12 1698/9. Jan. 29. William Unthank, buried, temjjlo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

13 1698/9. Feb. 9. Mr. Cuth. Hall, buried. Cathedral Registers. 

14 1698/9. Feb. 17. John Brown, yeoman, buried. St. Giles' Registers. 
15 1698/9. Feb. 18. Mr. John Taylor, buried. St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

He was probably the John Taylor who married at St. Mary-le-Bow, 29 Aug., 
1682, Joyce Dury, she being given away by Mr. Richard Bell, a petty 
canon. 

16 1698/9. Feb. 19. Willm. Stephenson of Crossgate, taylor, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

17 1698/9. Feb. 23. Dorothy Heslop, widow, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

18 1698/9. Mar. 13. Ellenor, daughter of Jo n Wells of Framwelgate, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

10 



146 

1699. 

April 8. Mrs. Longfeild, .... being Satterday. 19 
April 13. Joseph Smirk, weaver, .... being Thursday. 20 
April 27. Doctor Browne, in Elvet, .... being Thursday. 1 
April 29. Ann White, wife to John White, senior, .... being 

Satterday. 2 

May 26. Mr. Robert Grey, late alderman of Durham, .... 

being Friday, at night. 3 

May 28. Thomas Whittingham, gardiner, .... at night, 

being Sunday. 4 

19 1699. April 9. Mrs. Longfield, buried. Cathedral Registers. Her 
christian name seems to have been Elizabeth, and her husband's, Thomas. 
See St. Mary-U-Bow liegisters. 

20 1699. April 14. Joseph Smirke of Crossgate, weaver, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

1 1699. April 28. Mr. William Browne, doctor of physick, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. Several of his children were baptized at the same 
church. 

2 1699. April 30. Anne White of Crossgate, a poore woman, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

3 1699. May 28. Eobert Gray, dyer, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

I. Eobert Gray of Durham, alderman and dyer, baptized at St. Nicholas', 

10 Sept., 1643, as son of John Gray, dyer, was churchwarden of St. 
Nicholas' in 1673, 1675, and 1676, and was buried within the church 
28 May, 1699, leaving, with other issue, a son, John II. 

II. John Gray of Durham, alderman and dyer, was baptized at St. Nicholas' 

10 Dec, 1674, and married, first, 23 Jan., 1699, Rebecca, daughter of 
William Chipchase of Norton (who was buried at St. Nicholas', 14 
Jan., 1716/7), by whom he had issue five sons and one daughter, viz : — 

Robert, baptized, St. Nicholas', 17 Feb., 1701/2, buried in the 
church, 21 June, 1704. 

Chipchase, baptized, St. Nicholas', 17 Feb., 1705/6. 

Robert, born 11 Feb., 1706/7, and baptized at St. Nicholas', buried 
in the church, 12 Feb., 1706/7. 

John III. 

William, baptized, St. Nicholas', 21 Mar., 1711/2, buried, 18 July, 
1712. 

Rebecca, baptized, St. Nicholas', 26 Nov., 1710. 

Ann, baptized, St. Nicholas', 11 May, 1715. 
He married, secondly, at St. Mary's in the South Bailey, 5 Aug., 1718, 
Mary, daughter of George Bowes of Bradley, by whom he had no issue, 
and thirdly, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Bowes of Quarry-hill, 
and cousin of his second wife, by whom he had further issue. John 
Gray was mayor of Durham in 1707, 1715, 1722, and 1735, and was 
buried in St. Nicholas', 17 Sept., 1750. 

III. John Gray of Durham and Norton, baptized at St. Nicholas', 21 July, 
1709, succeeded his father as eldest surviving son : ancestor of Grey, 
now Scurfield, of Hurworth, also of Grey, now Robinson, of Silksworth. 

4 1699. May 31. Thomas Whitting-ham of Framwellgate, a poore man, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 



U7 

May 30. Thomas Taylor, butcher, .... being Tuesday, at 

night. 5 

June 1. Isabell Holland, .... being Thursday. 
July 3. Doctor Browne's wife, .... being Munday. 6 
July 4. Justice Sedgwick, .... being Tuesday, at night. 7 
July 1 1 . Mary Justice, wife to John Justice, taylor, .... at 

night, being Tuesday. 8 

*July 13. Old Bess Gaire, .... being Thursday. 
July 21. Anthony Lax, tobacco merchant, .... being Friday. 9 
July 26. Jane Carneby, .... at night, being Wednesday. 10 
July 24. Mrs. Sedgwick, .... being Wednesday. 11 
*Aug. 1. George Bullock, bellows-blower in Abbey Church 

organs, .... being Lamas day. 12 

*Aug. 7. Captain George Baker, he was Master of Shereburne 

Hospital, departed this life, being Munday, he was buried upon the 

Friday after. 13 

Aug. 13. Old Richard Atkinson, of Newton, .... being 

Sunday. 14 

Aug. 13. John Lowther, .... being Sunday. 15 

Aug. 20. Thomasin Rennoldson, .... being Sunday, at 

night. 16 

Aug. 30. Martin Jackson, of Hemleton-row, .... being 

Wednesday. 

5 1699. June 1. Thomas Taler, butcher, buried. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

6 1699. July 4. Mrs. Martha Browne, late wife of Mr. Richard Browne, 
doctor of physic, deceased, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

7 1699.. July 6. John Sedgwick, esq., buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 
He was probably baptized at the same church, 7 July, 1641, as son of Mr. 
William Sedgwicke. Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 82, gives a pedigree of 
Sedgwick of Thorpthewles, but these names do not appear in it. 

8 1699. July 12. Mary Justes, wife of John Justes, taler, buried at 
St. Margaret's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

9 1699. July 22. Anthony Lax of the parish of St. Nicholas, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

1699. July 22. Anthony Lax, buried at St. Oswald's St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

10 1699. July 27. Jane Carnaby of Crossgate, widow, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

11 1699. July 28. Mrs. Grace Sedgwick, late wife of John Sedgwick, 
esq., deceased, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

"George Bullock was buried in the Cathedral grave-yard on the 
2 Aug., 1699, beside his first wife, Ann Pattison. He married, secondly, at 
the Cathedral, 22 October, 1679, Margeret Waistell. 

13 See Sin North Country Diaries, p. 59. 

14 1699. Aug. 14. Richard Atkinson of Framwelgate, yeoman, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

15 1699. Aug. 14. John Lowther of Crossgate, poor, buried. Ibid. 

16 1699. Aug. 21. Thomasin Renoldson of Crossgate, widow, poore, 
buried. Ibid. 



148 

Sept. 2. Elizabeth Marshall, bucher, .... being Saterday. 17 

Sept. 16. Pexell Dent, .... being Satterday. 18 

Sept. 24. Mr. Chamney Wright, .... being Sunday. 19 

Oct. 1. Jane Buhner, .... being Sunday. 1 

*Oct. 9. Old Mrs. Naylor, .... being Munday. 

*Oct. 30. John Sanders, Mr. Lambton coachman, .... being 

slaine by the coach. 

Oct. 30. Eppy Bocksby, .... being Munday. 

Nov. 9. Ralph West garth, balife, .... being Thursday. 2 

Nov. 10. Edward Stelling, currier, .... being Friday. 3 

Nov. 18. Mr. John Phillipson, of Elvit, .... being Satter- 
day. 4 

Nov. 19. Honour Ward, wife to Thomas Ward, .... being 

Sunday. 5 

*Nov 25. Doctor Cumber, Dean of Durham, departed this life, 

being Satterday ; and yt day Jacob Bee broke his arme. 6 

*Dec. 2. Magdalen-hold-my-staf, alies ' Smith, .... being 

Satterday. 7 

Dec. 3. John Wells, junior, .... being Sunday. 8 

Dec. 30. William Dunn, tanner, .... being Satterday. 9 

Dec. 30. Old Nicholas Green, glassier, .... being Satterday 

night. 10 

Jan. 3. Bett Harrison, allias dough, .... in childbirth, 

being Wednesday, and her boy was borne the same day. 

17 1699. Sept. 3. Elizabeth Marshall, widow, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

18 1699. Sept. 17. Pexall Dent of Crossgate, cordweyner, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

19 1699. Sept. 24. Chamler Wright, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. Apparently a member of the family of Wright of Durham. See 
pedigree in Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p 153. 

1 1699. Oct. 1. Jane Bulmer of Framwelgate, poore, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

2 1699. Nov. 10. Kalph Wistgarth, dyer, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

3 1699. Nov. 11. Edward Stillen, currer, buried. Ibid. 

4 1699. Nov. 19. Mr. John Phillipson, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 
He was an attorney in Durham and resided at Burn-hall, he may be 
perhaps identified with the person of that name baptised at St. Oswald's, 
21 Feb., 1653/4, as son of John Philipson, also an attorney in Durham. 

5 1699. Nov. 20. Honner Wade, wife of Thomas Wade, buried. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

G See Six North Country Diaries, p. 59. 

7 Ibid., p. 59. 

8 1699. Dec. 4. John, son of Jo 11 Wells of Framwelgate, weaver, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

9 1699. Dec. 31. Willm. Dunne of Framwelgate, tanner, buried. Ibid. 

10 1699/1700. Jan. 1. Nicholas Greene, glaser, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 



149 

Jan. 5. Isabell Wisman, wife to Henry, . . . betwixt 12 and 
one at night. 12 

Jan. 7. Mr. Sutton, in Elvet, .... being Sunday. 13 
*Jan. 13. My Lady Burton, .... being Satterday. 14 

Jan. 14. Mr. Christopher Fawcet, of Lampton, .... being 
Sunday. 15 

Jan. 20. John Harry, cooper, .... betwixt 11 and 12 at 
night, being Statterday (sic). 1Q 

Jan. 26. Clement Laidler, merchant, .... being Friday. 17 

Jan. 26. Thomas Laynge, butcher, dyed in Durham jayle, 
.... being Friday. 18 

Jan. 26. Margaret Wilson, commonly called Mother Red-cap, 
. . . . being Friday. 

Feb. 3. Katherin Norton, wife to Roger Norton, .... being 
Satterday. 19 

Feb. 12. Elizabeth Norman, wife to William Norman, .... 
being Munday. 20 

Feb. 19. Peter Rowell, boucher, .... being Munday. 1 

Feb. 22. William Grunwell, dyer, late apprentice to James 
Poulson, .... being Thursday. 2 

Mar. 6. Barbary, wife of Robert Johnson, taylor, in Sadler 
Street, .... being Wednesday. 3 

*Mar. 9. Joseph Hutchinson, butcher, called English Joseph, 
.... being Satterday, at night. 

Mar. 12. Mr. Mark Hodshon, merchant, .... being Tuesday 



12 1699/1700. Jan. 8. Isabel, wife of Henry Wiseman of Crossgate, 
cordweyner, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

13 1699/1700. Jan. 8. Mr. Francis Sutton of this parish, was buried 
in the chapplery of St. Margaret's in Durham. St. Oswald's Registers. 

14 Bishop Cosin's much married daughter. See Six North Country 
Diaries, p. 59. 

15 Christopher Fawcett was ancestor of several distinguished lawyers and 
divines. See pedigree of Fawcett, Surtees, Durham, vol. ii., p. 60. 

16 1699/1700. Jan. 31. James Harry of Crossgate, poore, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

17 1699/1700. Jan. 27. Mr. Clement Ladler, mascer, buried, templo. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

18 1699/1700. Jan. 27. Thomas Laing, butcher, buried, templo. Ibid. 

19 1699/1700. Feb. 4. Catherine, wife of Roger Norton, cordwayner, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

20 1699/1700. Feb. 13. Eliz., wife of W» Norman of Crossgate, poore, 
buried. Ibid. 

1 1699/1700. Feb. 20. Peter Rowell, butcher, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

2 1699/1700. Feb. 23. William Grrinwell, dyer, buried, temp lo. Ibid. 

3 1699/1700. Mar. 6. Barbrey Johnson, widow, buried, templo. Ibid. 

4 1699/1700. Mar. 13. Mr. Mark Hodgshon, mascer, buried, templo, 
Ibid. 



150 

Mar. 12. Captain William Tempest, of Old Durham, .... 
being Tuesday. 5 

*Mar. 16. Siball Grieve, one of the beadwomen of the Place 
Green, .... being Satterday, at night. 

*Mar. 16. Our Bishopp Crew's lady was buried, .... being 
Satterday. 

Mar. 24. Richard Vasey, roper, . . . . 7 

1700. 

Mar. 25. Thomas Goodyeare, cord-wayner, .... being Mun- 
day. 8 

Mar. 30. George Richardson, coyner [? cord-wayner] 

Easter Eve. 9 

April 3. Lawyer Robinson, in Durham, .... being Wednes- 
day. 

April 3. Old Corner, ye miller, died yt day. 10 

April 11. Humphrey Holdon, skinner, .... being Thursday. 11 

April 22. Mary Sheales, wife to Henry Sheales, . . . being 
Munday. 12 

April 26. Robert Corney, trencherman, .... being Friday. 13 

April 29. Edward Hodshon, carpenter, very suddenly, .... 
being Munday. 

May 13. George Middle-ton, butcher, .... being Munday, at 
night. 14 

May 14. Mrs. Margaret Hutchinson, wife to Mr. John Hutchin- 
son, attorney-at-law, .... being Tuesday. 15 

May 15. Mr. William Hodshon, alderman and merchant, .... 
being Wednesday. 16 

5 1699/1700. Mar. 15. Mr. William Tempest of Old Durham, patron of 
our church, buried. St. Giles' Registers. 

6 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 59. 

7 1700. Mar. 25. Richard Vasey of Crossgate, roper, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

8 1700. Mar. 26. Thomas Goodare, eordwiner, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

9 1700. Mar. 31. George Richardson, eordwiner, buried. Ibid. 

10 1700. April 4. Thomas Corner, miller, buried. Ibid. 

11 1700. April 12. Humphrey Holden, skinner, buried. St. Giles' 
Registers. 

"1700. April 23. Mary Sheeles, wife of Henry Sheeles, skinner, 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

"1700. April 26. Robt. Cornee. turner, buried St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

14 1700. May 14. George Midilton, butcher, buried. Ibid. 

15 1700. May 15. Margarett, wife of Mr. John Hutchinson of Fram- 
welgate, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

M 1700. May 16. Mr. William Hodgshon, alderman, buried, tt mpio . 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 



151 

May 19. Mr. Robert Dixon, of Framwelgate, .... being 
Whitsun Sunday. 17 

May 19. Mrs. Greggs, wife to Mr. Gregs, organist, .... 
being Sunday. 18 

May 22. Thomas Buttery, attorney-at-law, .... being Wed- 
nesday. 19 

May 30. Richard Brice, hatter, .... being Corpus Christy 
day. 20 

May 31. Mathew Stott, senor and roper, .... being Friday. 1 

May 6. William Maddeson, son to John Maddeson, .... 
being Thursday. 2 

June 22. Cuthbert Wilkinson, son to Roger Wilkinson, .... 
being Satterday. 3 

July 6. Stephen Hodshon, barber, .... being Satterday. 4 

July 7. Elizabeth Dent, wife to Thomas Dent, .... being 
Sunday. 5 

July 6. Richard Holme, of Untbanke, taylor, .... being 
Satterday. 6 

July 12. Robert Pattason, baylife, .... being Friday. 7 

July 20. Eppy Botcheby, .... being Satterday. 8 

Aug. 3. Mrs. Liddell, of Framwelgate, papist, .... being 
Satterday. 9 

17 1700. May 20. Mr. Robert Dixon of Framwelgate, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

18 1700. May 20. Frances, wife of William Greggs, gen., buried. St. 
Mary in the South Bailey Registers. William Greggs was laid beside his 
wife, 16 Oct., 1710. 

19 1700. May 22. Thomas Buttery, gen., a poor inhabitant, buried. St. 
Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

20 1700. May 31. Richard Briss ye alder, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

1 1700. June 3. Matthew Stott of Framwelgate, roper, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

2 1700. June 11. Willm., son of John Maddison of Framwelgate, smith, 
buried. Ibid. 

3 1700. June 23. Cuthbert Wilkinson of Framwelgate, mason, buried. 
St. Giles' Registers. 

* 1700. July 7. Stephen Hodgshon, barber, buried at St. Margaret's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

s 1700. July 8. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Dent of Crossgate, cord- 
weyner, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

6 1700. July 8. Rich. Holmes of Broom, taylor, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

7 1700. July 13. Robert Pattison, a bailiff, buried. St. Mary-le-Bow 
Registers. 

8 1700. July 88. Apollina Botchby, widow, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

•1700. Aug. 4. Mary, wife of Mr. Henry Liddell of Framwelgate, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 



152 

*Aug. 5. Mr, Henry Young, of Witton-upon-Weer, very suddenly 
as he was going to Newcastle to accompany Mr. Wilkinson, he being 
the High Sheriffe of Northumberland, being Munday, and was buried 
at Chester in the Street. 

Aug. 12. John Ramshaw, son of John Ramshaw, .... being 
Munday. 11 

Aug. 13. Petter Endrick, butcher, .... in Durham gaole, 
being Tuesday. 12 

Aug. 14. Mathew Middleton, butcher, .... being Wednes- 
day. 13 v 

Aug. 23. William Corner, miller, .... being Friday. 

Aug. 25. Mr. Thomas Crossby, attorney-at-law, .... in 
Durham jayle, being Sunday. 14 

Aug. 29. Allice Stephenson, of Crossgate, widow, .... being 
Thursday. 15 

Aug. 29. John Wood, clarke of Elvitt, .... being Thursday. 16 

Sept. 1. Esquire Foster of Bamburgh, .... being Munday. 17 
•Sept. 7. A servant that belong to Esquire Claverin, as he was 
coming from the lymn kilne, fell down dead in Claypath and never 
spoke more, being Satterday. 

*Sept. 6. One Hutchinson, a butcher, that had bought a horse in 
the Market, fell from his horse and was killed, and never spok word. 18 

Sept. 17. Thomas Hopper, of Framwelgate, shoomaker, .... 
being Tuesday. 19 

Sept. 22. Old Mrs. Parkinson, oute of Hagghouse, .... being 
Sunday. 20 

11 1700. Aug. 13. John Ramshaw of Crossgate, collier, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

12 1700. Aug. 14. Peter Endek, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' Reg- 
isters. 

13 1700. Aug. 15. Mathow Midelton, butcher, buried. Ibid. 

14 1700. Aug. 26. Thomas, son of Francis Crosby, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. Francis Crosby, Clerk of the Peace for the' County Palatine of 
Durham, married, 17 April, 1655, at St. Oswald's, Anne, daughter of John 
Richardson, and was buried at that church, 23 Oct., 1700. 

15 1700. Aug. 31. Alice Stephenson of Crossgate, widow, buried. St, 
Margaret's Registers. 

16 1700. Aug. 29. Mr. John Wood, parish clerke, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

17 William Forster of Bamburgh Castle, eldest son of Sir William 
Forster, was born 28 July, 1667, educated at Durham school under 
Battersby, and at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he matriculated, 
4 July, 1682 ; married, 1693, Elizabeth, daughter of William Pert, and was 
buried in the chancel of Bamburgh, 6 Sept., 1700. He was brother of 
Lady Crewe, second wife of Bishop Crewe. 

18 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 60. 

19 1700. Sept. 19. Thomas Hopper of Framwelgate, cordweyner, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

20 1700. Sept. 24. Mrs. Isabel Parkinson of Framwelgate, widow, 
buried. Ibid. 



153 

Sept. 29. Robert, son of Richard Hutchinson, shoomaker, .... 
being Sunday. 1 

Sept. 29. George Stephenson, tayler, .... being Sunday. 2 

Sept. 29. Katherine Cooper, wife to Abraham Cooper, .... 
being Sunday. 3 

Oct. 1. Jane Comyn, widow to Simon Comyn, blacksmith, 
.... being Munday. 4 

Oct. 7. Thomas Nattrass, Mrs. Wbodmas' ostler, .... 
being Munday. 5 

Oct. 10. Robert Adamson, mayson, ..... being Thursday. 6 

Oct. 13. John Lambe, of Crossgate, cordwayner, .... being 
Sunday morne about 5 of ye clock. 7 

Oct. 18. Margery Clarke, .... being Friday. 8 

Oct. 18. Elizabeth Hopper, Thomas Hopper, wife, the shoo- 
maker in Framwelgate .... being Friday. 9 

*Oct. 18. William Dury, junor and newsmonger, .... being 
Friday. 

Oct. 21. Mr. Francis Crosby, senior, attorney-at-law, . . . . 
being Munday. 10 

Oct. 25. Mrs. Gordon, wife to Alderman Gordon, a second wife, 
.... being Friday. 11 

1 1700. Sept. 30. Robert Hutchinson of Crossgate, singing man, buried. 
Ibid. 

2 1700. Sept. 30. George Stephenson of Crossgate, taylor, buried. 
Ibid. 

3 1700. Sept. 30. Catherine, wife of Abraham Cooper, dyer, buried. 
Ibid. 

4 1700. Oct. 2. Jane Comyn of Crossgate, widow, buried. Ibid. 

3 1700. Oct. Thomas Natteress of Crossgate, yeoman, buried. Ibid. 

6 1700. Oct. 11. Robert Adamson of Crossgate, mason, buried. Ibid. 

7 1700. Oct. 14. John Lamb of Crossgate, cordweyner, buried. Ibid. 

8 1700. Oct. 19. Margery Clarke of Crossgate, widow, buried. Ibid. 

1700. Oct. 19. Elizabeth Hopper of Framwelgate, widow, buried. 



9T- 
Ibid. 



10 1700. Oct. 23. Mr. Francis Crosby, attorney-at-law, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. He was Clerk of the Peace and father of the Thomas 
Crosby, who died in Durham gaol on the 25 Aug. previously. 

11 1700. Oct. 27. Mrs. Ann Guorden, wife of Mr. Alderman Guorden, 
buried. Cathedral Registers. 

1700. Oct. 27. Mrs. Gordon, wife to Mr. John Gordon, alderman, 
buried at ye Minster Yard. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

John Gordon of Durham, alderman and mercer, son of James 
Gordon of Durham and Hurworth, was apprenticed, 20 Mar., 1663, 
and admitted free of the Merchants Company in 1672. He married first 
at Heselden, 24 July, 1677, Isabella, daughter of Robert Bromley of Nesbett 



154 

Oct. 28. Mrs. Margaret Hall, widow to Mr. Michael Hall, 
.... being Munday. 12 

Nov. 16. Isabell Walton, daughter to Authur Walton, .... 
being Satterday. 13 

Nov. 27. Mr. Robert Chilton, merchant, .... being Wed- 
nesday. 14 

Nov. 28. Robert Eales, of Elvit, glover, very suddenly, . . . 
being Thursday. 15 

Nov. 30. John Parkin's wife, dyer, .... being Satterday. 16 
Dec. 2. Mr. Joseph Hillier, supervisor, .... being Munday. 17 
Dec. 2. Mrs. Alice Woodmas, .... being Munday. 18 
Dec. 5. Mr. Cotey Sheiffield, apothecarv, .... being Thurs- 
day. 19 

Dec. 7. Mrs. Wharton, Doctor Wharton's wife, .... being 
Satterday. 20 

(who was buried in St. Nicholas' church, 1 Feb., 1679/80), by whom he had 
issue two daughters, viz. : — 

Anne, baptized at St. Nicholas', 9 May, 1678, married at the same 
church, 9 Oct., 1698, Thomas Lewens of Durham, attorney. 

Margery, baptized at St. Nicholas', 18 Jan., 1679/80. 
He married secondly at St. Oswald's, 29 July, 1684, Anne Smith, who was 
buried in the Cathedral grave yard, 27 October, 1700; and thirdly at St. 
Nicholas', 23 November, 1701, Anne Tatam, who was buried at the same 
church, 30 April, 1706. John Gordon was mayor of Durham, 1695, and was 
buried at St. Nicholas' church, 11 April, 1713. See Registers of Durham 
Cathedral, ed. White, Harl. Soc, p. 110. 

12 1700. Oct. 29. Mrs. Margaret Hall of Crossgate, widow, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. The daughter of Sir William Belasyse of 
Murton-house, she was married at St. Oswald's, 13 Jan., 1666/7, to Michael 
Hall of Durham and Consett. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. ii., p. 
297. 

13 1700. Nov. 17. Isabell, daughter of Arthure Walton, cordwainer, 
buried, templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

14 1700. Nov. 29. Robert Chilton, buried, templo. Ibid. 

15 1700. Nov. 29. Robt. Eales, skinner, one of ye poor, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. 

16 1700. Dec. 1. Mary, wife of John Parkin, dyer, buried. St. Nich- 
olas' Registers. 

17 1700. Dec. 3. Mr. Joseph Hellier, officer in ye Excise, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. He may possibly have been a member of the family 
of Hildyard, of Durham, who were used to bury at St. Oswald's. See 
pedigree in Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 151. 

18 1700. Dec. 3. Alice Woodmas, of Crossgate, widow, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. [1688. Sept. 10. Eobard Woodmass and Alizes 
Johnson, married. Ibid.] 

19 1700. Dec. 6. Mr. Amcotts Sheffield, apothecary, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. The son of Mr. Christopher Sheffield, he was baptized 
at St. Oswald's, 30 January, 1671/2. 

20 1700. Dec. 8. Mrs. Mary Wharton, wife of Dr. Wharton, buried, 
templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. She was daughter of John Hall, alder- 
man of Durham and the first wife of Thomas Wharton, M.D. See pedigree 
of Wharton of Old Park. Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 300. 



155 

Deo. 13. Abraham Stout, butcher, .... being Friday morne. 1 
Dec. 15. John Fairless, virger in the Chathedral Church, .... 

being Sunday. 2 

*Dec. 16. Mr, John Massom, he a little melancholy, .... being 

Munday. 3 

Dec. 18. Jane Faireless, midwife, wife to John Faireless, virger, 

*..-.'. being Wednesday. 4 

Jan. 24. Mr. Gilbert Spearman's wife, .... being Friday. 5 
Feb. 3. Nicholas Ayre, tobacco merchant, . . . .being 

Munday. 6 

Feb. 14. Katherin Pecton, wife to Thomas Pecton, . . . . being 

Friday. 7 

Feb. 19. William Hills, gardner, .... being Wednesday. 8 
Feb. 21. Robert Barker, weaver and broomemaker, . . . . 

being Friday. 9 

Feb. 23. Mr. John Hall, merchant, .... being Sunday. 10 
Feb. 25. Margaret Maddeson, daughter to John Maddeson, . . . n 
Mar. 9. Ralph Smith, of South Street, meale seller, .... 

being Sunday. 12 

1 1700. Dec. 13. Abraham Stout, butcher, buried, templo. St. Nich- 
olas' Registers. 

2 1700. Dec. 16. John Fairlesse, virger, buried. Cathedral Registers. 

3 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 60. 

4 1700. Dec. 18. Jane, ye wife of John Fairlesse, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. 

8 1700/1. Jan. 26. 'Mary, wife of Gilbert Spearman, gen., buried in 
the Cathedral churchyard, nigh his son John, who was buried there 27 
Sept., 1699.' St. Mary-le-Bow Registers. 

1700/1. Jan. 26. Mary, wife of Mr. Gilbert Spearman, buried. Cath- 
edral Registers. She was daughter and coheiress of Robert Bromley of 
Nesbett. Her husband married, secondly, 1 Sept., 1701, Margaret, daughter 
and ultimately heiress of Robert Pearson of Startforth and Forcet. She 
(Mary) has a Latin monumental inscription in the Cathedral grave yard. 
See Registers of Durham Cathedral, ed. White, pp. 48, 110. 

6 1700/1. Feb. 4. Nicholas Are, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

7 1700/1. Feb. 16. Katherin, wife of Thomas Pecton, sadler, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. 

8 1700/1. Feb. 20. William Hill, yeoman, buried. St. Giles' Regis- 
ters. 

'1700/1. Feb. 24. Robert Barker, of Framwelgate, weaver, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

10 1700/1. Feb. 24. John Hall, of Crossgate, grocer, buried. Ibid. 
He married circa 1698, Elizabeth, daughter of John Richardson of Cater- 
house. A pedigree of his descendants is given in Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., 
p. 146. 

11 1700/1. Feb. 26. Anne, daughter of John Maddeson of Framwel- 
gate, buried. Ibid. 

"1700/1. Mar. 12. Ralph Smith, of Crossgate, yeoman, buried. 
Ibid. 



156 

Mar. 21. Isabell Coraeforth, wife to Robert Corneforth, .... 
being Friday. 

Mar. 21. Francis Middleton, barber, .... being Friday. 13 

1701. 

*Mar. 27. Mary, wife of Thomas Watson, mayson, .... being 
Thursday. 

Mar. 27. Old Lapper died ye same day. 14 

Mar. 28. Ann, wife of Thomas Young, servant to my Lord 
Bishopp of Durham, .... being Friday. 15 

April 5. Dorothy Hutchinson, widow to Thomas Hutchinson in 
Framwelgate, t ay lor, .... being Satterday. 16 

*April 14. Mrs. Shaw, once Mr. Foster's widow, organist, .... 
being Munday. 17 

April. 16. William Hall, a Scotchman, servant to Mr. John 
Hall, merchant and maltman, .... being Wednesday. 

May 3. Humphrey Stephenson, a virgir in ye Chathedrall, 
.... being Satterday. 18 

May 18. Robert Whitle, of South Street, weaver, his wife Mary 
departed in childbirth, being Sunday. 19 

*May 18. And William Belley, called scackless Willy. 

June 2. John Wheailey, carpinter, .... being Munday. 20 

June 7. Ann Walton, wife to John Walton, shoomaker, a second 
wife, .... being Satterday. 1 

July 5. Robert Bell of Shinkley, a beadman of the Palace 
(sic) Green, .... being Satterday. 2 

13 1700/1. Mar. 15. Francis Middleton, of Crossgate, barber, buried. 
Ibid. 

14 1701. Mar. 27. Margaret Williamson of Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

15 1701. Mar. 29. Anne, wife of Tho. Young, buried. St. Nicholas* 
Registers. 

16 1701. April 6. Dorothy Hutchinson, of Framwelgate, widdow, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

17 She was widow of John Foster, the organist, who was buried at the 
Cathedral, 21 April, 1677. Seven months afterwards, on 29 Nov., she 
married Alexander Shaw. 

18 1701. May 3. Humphrey Stephenson, joiner and verger, buried. 
St. Mary in the South Bailey Registers. 

19 1701. May 19. Mary, wife of Rob. White of Crossgate, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

20 1701. June 4. John Wheatlev of Framwelgate, joyner, buried. 
Ibid. 

1 1701. June 8. Anne, wife of John Walton, cordwiner, buried, templo. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

2 1701. July 6. Robert Bell, a very aged parishioner, one of ye 
Bishop's Hospital, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 



157 



July 6. Margaret Slurry, wife to Christopher Skirry, mayson, 
.... being Sunday. 3 

July 20. Captain Thomas Hillman, .... being Sunday, at 
night. 4 

July 25. Henry Foster's, merchant, brother, .... being 
Saterday. 

Aug. 6. Mr. Beamond, a priest in Durham, .... being 
Wednesday. 5 

*Aug. 22. Ferdenando Foster of Bambrough, esquire, was killed 
in a. duel by Mr. Fenwick, being Friday. 6 

*Sept. 7. Thomas Hugall, .... and supposed to be slaine by 
Mr. Lackenby and Mr. Dixon, apothecary, being Sunday. 7 

Sept. 20. Robert Stephenson, tanner, .... being Satterday. 8 

Sept. 25. Mr. Fenwick was hanged for killing Esquire Farden- 
ando Forster, a member of Parliament a<t Newcastle, being Thurs- 
day. 9 

Nov. 11. Jane Foster, Mary Wilkinson's sister, of Sadler 
Street, .... being Tuesday. 



3 1701. 
Margaret's 


July 14. 
Registers. 


4 1701. 

Registers. 


July 21. 


5 1701. 


Aug. 7. 



Margaret Skirrey of Crossgate, widow, buried. St. 
Thomas Hillman, buried, templo. St. Nicholas* 



Mr. Hammond Beaumont, clerk, buried. St, Mary 
in the South Bailey Registers. Hammond Beaumont of Fangfoss, entered 
his pedigree at St. George's Visitation of Yorkshire in 1612. The person 
mentioned in the text was apparently the Rev. Hammond Beaumont, who 
served as curate of Easington to the absentee rector, Dean Granville (see 
Granville's Correspondence, part ii., p. 158). He was of Peterhouse, Cam- 
bridge, matriculated, 9 June, 1659; B.A., 1662; M.A., 1666. By his wife, 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Delaval of Durham and granddaughter of Sir 
Ralph Delaval, he had, with other issue, Hammond Beaumont, of Peter- 
house, Cambridge, matriculated, 5 Feb., 1699/1700, aged 18; B.A., 1703: 
M.A., 1707 ; vicar of Chillingham, 1712-1725, and at the same time perpetual 
curate of Bamburgh ; who on the 26 April, 1720, took out a licence to marry 
Margaret Forster of Bamburgh, and died in the end of June, 1725; also a 
second son, Delaval Beaumont, some time of Bishopwearmouth, who was 
married at the Cathedral, 24 Aug., 1714, to Mrs. Elizabeth Wilson of the 
parish of Bishopwearmouth. 

8 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 61. 

7 William, ye son of Thomas Hugill and searcher of ye Company of 
Glovers, was buried ye 9 th of September, 1701. He was murthered on 
Sunday, ye last of August, at 12 at night by I n Luckenby and Thom. Dixon. 
St. Giles' Registers. 

8 1701. Sept. 21. Robert Stephenson of Framwelgate, tanner, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

•*' Mr. John Fenwick of Rock, stab'd Mr. Ferdinando Forster, esq., 
parliament man for Northumberland, the twenty-second day of Aug., 1701, 
betwixt the White Cross and the Thorntree. Mr. John Fenwick of Rock 
was hanged the 25 day of Sept., 1701, for stabin Mr. Ferdinando Foster.' 
St. Andrew's, Newcastle, Registers. John Fenwick belonged to the family 
of Fenwick of Kenton. Ferdinando Forster was educated at Durham 
school under Battersby. 



158 

Nov. 12. Mr. Joseph Hall, attorn ey-at-law, .... being 
Wednesday. 10 

Nov. 12. Old Katherin Hiokson, .... being Wednesday. 11 
Jan. 1. Mr. Ralph Bambridge, shoemaker, .... being 
Thursday. 12 

Jan. 20. Mr. Alderman Dobson, .... being Tuesday. 13 
Jan. 20. Jane Lampshaw, wife to Cuthbert, .... being 
Tuesday. 14 

Jan. 28. Nicholas Richardson, junior, .... betwixt the 
hours of 8 and 9 at night. 15 

*Feb. 11. Old Ann Comyn, 97 years of age and more, .... 
being Wednesday betwixt 3 and 4 in the morning. 

Mar. 13. Ann Wood, belonging to the Bull's Head signe, de- 
parted this life at Bra(n)speth. 

Mar. 15. Ralph Jackson, skinner, .... being Sunday. 16 
Mar. 20. John Harry, cooper, .... being Friday. 17 

10 1701. Nov. 13. Mr. Joseph Hall, attorney, of Market Place, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. He was ancestor of the family of Hall of Skelton 
Castle. See Nichols' Literary Anecdotes, vol. iii., p. 87; vol. ix., p. 156. 
Surtees, Durham, vol. ii., pp. 291, 292. 

11 1701. Nov. 13. Catherin Hixon, widow, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Begisters. 

12 1701/2. Jan. 2. Ralph Bainbridgs, cordwiner, buried, templo. 
Ibid. 

13 1701/2. Jan. 21. Mr. Whetley Dobson, alderman, buried, templo. 
Ibid. 

I. Wheatley Dobson, alderman and mercer, mayor of Durham, 1692, 1693, 

1696, and 1697, and churchwarden of St. Nicholas' in 1673. On 1 
Sept., 1670, he took out a licence to marry Elizabeth Welbury, and 
had issue : — 

Welberrie, baptized at St. Nicholas', 27 Aug., 1671. 
Christopher, baptized at St. Nicholas', 13 April, 1673. buried, 10 

Aug., 1680. 
Edward, baptized at St. Nicholas', 21 Feb., 1674/5, buried, 2 Aug., 

1681. 
Robeit II. 

Anne, baptized at St. Nicholas', 8 Feb., 1679/80 [buried, 30 Jan., 

1686/7]. 
Mary, baptized at St. Nicholas', 19 Feb., 1681/2. 
Elizabeth, baptized at St. Nicholas', 6 April, 1684. 

II. Robert Dobson of Durham, mercer, baptized at St. Nicholas', 10 April, 

1677, married, 28 May, 1703, at St. Giles', Christian Sanderson, of 

Barnard Castle, and had issue a son : — 

Wheatly, baptized at St. Nicholas', 21 April, 1704. 

14 1701/2. Jan. 20. Anne Lampson, widow, buried. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

15 1701/2. Jan. 29. Nicholas Richardson, junior, smith, of Crossgate, 
buried. St. Margaret's Begisters. 

16 1701/2. Mar. 16. Ralph Jackson of Crossgate, glover, buried. Ibid. 

17 1701/2. Mar. 21. John Harrey, of Crossgate cooper, buried. Ibid. 



159 

1702. 

April 17. Mrs. Jefferson, widdow to Mr. Thomas Jefferson, once 
postmaster, .... being Friday. 18 

April 21. Cuthbert Allinson, carpinter or joyner, whom was 
robed of 36 pounds, .... being Tuesday. 19 

April 24. Elizabeth Jackson, wife to Ralph Jackson, skinner, 
and she a great begger, . . . . 20 

April 26. John Jefferson, the letter carrier, .... being 
Sunday. 

April 28. Margaret, wife tp Thomas Dobinson, .... being 
Tuesday. 1 

*April 29. Mr. Bonney, one steward to my Lord Scarborough, 
.... having gott his death by the stroak of a horse on the belly. 2 
*June 4. George Williamson, glover, haveing been at Auklamd 
and had gott drink, fell of horseback and kild himselfe and died be- 
twixt 12 and one at night upon Corpus Christy day. 3 

June 15. Mr. John Martin, merchant, Person Martin's sonn, 

4 

July 4. Mr. Robert Young, once Richard Reed's apprentice, 
.... being Satterday. 5 

July 11. Cuthbert Adamson, hatte hatter, junior, Bett his 
wife 6 

18 1702. April 17. Margret Jefferson, widow, buried. Ibid. 

19 1702. April 23. Cuthbert Allison, of Market-place, joyner, buried. 
Ibid. 

20 1762. April 25. Eliz. Jackson, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

1 1702. May 6. Margrett Dobinson, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

2 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 61. 3 Ibid. 

4 1702. June 16. John Martin, of St. Nicholas' parish, buried. 
Cathedral Registers. His father, Samuel Martin, perpetual curate of St. 
Nicholas' and a minor canon of the Cathedral, died 19 April, 1682, leaving 
issue by his wife, Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Sonkey of Durham, gaoler : 
Samuei Martin, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 19 Nov., 1644, matriculated 
at St. John's College Cambridge, 21 June, 1661 ; John Martin mentioned in 
the text, who was baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 5 June, 1650; and others. 
There was a contemporary family of Martin residing in Elvet, whose 
pedigree is given in Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 149. 

5 1702. July 5. Robert Young, who dig (sic) in ye gaill, buried, templo. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

6 1702. July 12. Elizabeth, wife of Cuthbart Adamson, buried, 
templo. Ibid. Cuthbert Adamson, son of Cuthbert Adamson, a freeman 
of Durham, baptized at St. Nicholas', 27 Dec, 1671; apprenticed 24 June, 
1685, to Thomas Adamson, feltmaker, was admitted free of the Felt-makers 
Company, 26 June, 1690. On the 5 Jan., 1690/1, he took out a licence to 
marry Elizabeth Welsh. He married secondly at St. Oswald's, 30 Jan., 
1703/4, Jane, widow of Thomas Rowland and daughter of Henry Eden of 
Shincliffe, M.D., and having had issue by both marriages, was buried at 
St. Oswald's, 28 Dec, 1715. See Pedigrees of the Families of Adamson of 
Newcastle, by the Rev. C. E. Adamson, privately printed. No date. 
I. Mary Adamson, daughter of Cuthbert Adamson by his second wife, 

Jane Eden, baptized at St. Oswald's, 17 Jan., 1704/5, was married 



160 

July 23. Thomas Rennoldson, weaver, junior, .... being 
Thursday. 7 

July 23. Thomas Brown's wife, in Claypath, carpinter, John 
Wilson's half-sister, .... being Thursday. 8 

to Peter Blenkinsop, who, for 65 years, was singing boy and man at the 

Cathedral; an innkeeper in the parish of St. Mary-le-Bow. Dying on 

the 7 Dec., 1761, she was buried at St. Oswald's where her husband, 

who died 4 Dec., 1778, aged 75, was laid beside her. They had issue : — 

John Blenkinsop, baptized, St. Oswald's, 19 May, 1731. 

Peter II. 

William Blythman Blenkinsop, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 16 

Aug., 1735. 
Cuthbert Blenkinsop, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 18 May, 1737. 
Jane, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 9 Oct., 1732. 
Mary, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 15 May, 1738. 
Anne, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 12 May, 1740. 
Jane, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 25 Jan., 1745/6, married, at 
the same church, 17 July, 1770, William Porter, surgeon to 
the Inniskilling Dragoons, who died 8 Sept., 1779. She died 
at Esher, Surrey, 18 June, 1831, having had issue four sons and 
two daughters : — 

William Porter, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 27 June, 1771, 

died in infancy. 
William Ogilvie Porter, surgeon, R.N., died at Bristol, 

15 Aug., 1850, aged 76. M.I. Bristol Cathedral.^ 
John Porter, settled in Antigua, but died Isle of Man, aged 

38. 
Bobert (Ker) Porter, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 10 July, 
1777, originally an artist, afterwards minister of 
Venezuela; knighted, 1807, by Gustavus IV. of 
Sweden ; married, in Russia, circa 1812, Princess Marie 
Scherbatoff, by whom he had issue. He was author of 
Travels in Georgia, etc., 2 vols, 4to, published at 
£9 2s.; he died in Russia, 4 May, 1842. 
Jane, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 17 Jan., 1776, author of 
The Scottish Chiefs, Thadeus of Warsaw; and died at 
Bristol, 24 May, 1850. 
Anna Maria, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 7 Sept., 1779, 
author of Don Sebastian, The Hungarian Brothers, 
etc.; died at Bristol, 21 June, 1832. 

it. Peter Blenkinsop of Durham, son of Peter Blenkinsop and Mary 
Adamson, his wife, was baptized at St. Mary-e-Bow, 8 Oct., 1733, 
married, and had issue : — 

Peter Blenkinsop, baptized, St. Nicholas', 2 Jan., 1765. 
William Blythman Blenkinsop, baptized, St. Nicholas', 1 Jan., 

1766. 
Mary, baotized, St. Nicholas', 1 Sept., 1762 [married, St. Mary- 
le-Bow, 23 Nov., 1795, William Livick]. 
Laetitia Cash, baptized, St. Nicholas', 19 Oct., 1763. 
Anne Jane, baptized, 14 June, 1767. 

7 1702. July 27. (Blank) daughter of Thos. Renouson, weaver, Cross- 
gate, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

8 1702. July 24. Elizabeth Browne, wife of Thomas Browne, joyner, 
buried. St. Nicholas' Registers. 



161 

Aug. 31. Esquire Ayeton of the Fawside, .... being Mun- 
day. 9 

Sept. 2. Alice, wife to William Mitchell, senior, .... being 
Wednesday betwixt 8 and 9 at night. 10 

Sept. 19. John Brasse, glover, .... being Satterday. 11 

Oct. 30. John Moore, junior, .... being Friday. 12 

Nov. 21. Mr. Paxton, draper taylor, .... being Satterday. 13 

Dec 3. John Bancks, milner, of Keeper Milne, .... being 
Thursday. 14 

Dec. 6. Clement Wilkinson, senior, draper taylor, of Crossgate, 
.... being Sunday. 15 

Dec. 19. Mr. Gilbert Machin, that married Mr Salvin's 
daughter in Elvit, departed this life, being Satterday. 16 

Dec. 23. Raiphe Holme of Unthanke, .... being Wednesday. 

Dec. 24. Thomas Wild, husband to Jane Harry, late wife to 
James Harry, .... being Thursday. 17 

Jan. 1. Richard Browne, senior, milner, .... being Friday. 18 
*Jan. 5. Ann Johnson, William Johnson's wife, tanner, who went 
from Durham for debt, .... being Tuesday. 

9 John Ayton, of Fawside, in the parish of Lanchester, and of West 
Herrington in the parish of Houghton-le-Spring. See pedigree of Ayton, 
Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 186. 

10 1702. Sept. 2. Alice, wife of Will. Mitchell, glover, Crossgate, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

11 1702. Sept. 20. John Brasse, glover, Framwelgate, buried. Ibid. 

12 1702. Nov. 1. John Mouer, cordwiner, buried at St. Margaret's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

13 1702. Nov. 22. Mr. Thomas Paxton, draper, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

1702. Nov. 22. Thomas Paxton, clother, buried at St. Oswald's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

14 1702. Dec. 4. Jon Banks, miller of Keepyer Mills, buried. St. 
Giles' Registers. 

15 1702. Dec. 8. Clemett Wilkinson, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

16 1702. Dec. 21. Mr. Gilbert Machon, grandson of the Rev. Mr. John 
Machon, late Master of this Hospitall, was buried in this chappel before 
the altar table on St. Thomas's day. Sherbum Hospital Registers. He was 
son of Thomas Machon, prebendary of Lichfield, who died 27 Feb., 1672, 
and was also buried at Sherburn. Gilbert Machon, by his wife, Anne, 
daughter of Anthony Salvin of Sunderland Bridge (who married secondly 
George Bowes), had issue three daughters and co-heirs, Anne, wife of 
George Vane of Long Newton; Deborah, wife of Anthony Wilkinson of 
Crossgate, Durham ; and Eleanor, who died unmarried. See pedigree of 
Machon, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 143. 

17 1702. Dec. 25. Thomas Wilde, a poor collier, of St. Margaret's 
parish, buried. St. Giles' Registers. 

18 1702/3. Jan. 2. Eichard Brown, miller, an old man, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. 

11 



162 

Jan. 8. John Moore of Framwelgate, taylor and maltman, 
. . . being Friday. 19 

Jam. 12. Mrs. Power, Mr. Thomas Power, Captain, widdow, 
. . . . being Tuesday. 20 

Jan. 21. James Lee, draper taylor, .... being Thursday. 1 

Jan 28. Thomas Atkinson, the Bishopp's brewer, .... being 
Sunday. 

Feb. 12. Old Thomas Blenkinship, milner, .... being Friday. 2 
*Feb. 13. Mr. John Church, attorn ey-at-law, .... very sud- 
denly, being well that day, being Satterday. 3 

*Feb. 20. Mr. John Middleton, lawyer and Recorder, .... 
being Satterday. 4 

19 1702/3. Jan. 10. John Moor, Framwelgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

20 1702/3. Jan. 13. Mrs. Poor, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. See her 
husband's death, p. 117, supra. 

1 1702/3. Jan. 22. James Lee, taylor, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

2 1702/3. Feb. 13. Thomas Blenkinship, Crossgate, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

3 1. William Church of Durham, married, at Witton Gilbert, 16 Sept., 
1643, Margaret, daughter of Anthony Thompson of Crossgate; he was 
under-sheriff of the county of Durham, and was buried at St. Mary's 
in the South Bailey, 14 Jan., 1663/4, his wife being laid beside him, 
10 April, 1698. They had issue : — 
John II. 
Cuthbert, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow. 7 Mar., 1647/8, buried, 27 

July, 1649. 
Anthony, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 18 Nov., 1651. 
James Church of Durham, attorney, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 
22 Aug., 1653, married Frances, widow of Thomas Lassells, 
and daughter of William Heighington, both of Durham, 
buried, St. Margaret's, 23 Aug., 1693. 
Mary, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 3 Mar., 1644/5, married, 

30 Nov., 1676, at the Cathedral, Thomas Bowser. 
Barbara, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 13 May, 1650. 
Elizabeth, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 1 Aug., 1655. 
Cassandra, baptized at St. Mary in the South Bailey, 2 Aug., 

1659, buried, 27 Feb., 1659/60. 

Margaret, baptized, St. Mary in the South Bailey, 20 Jan., 1662. 

II. John Church of Durham, attorney, was baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 

20 July, 1646. He buried his first wife, Isabel, at St. Oswald's, 14 

Feb., 1681/2, and he himself was buried in St. Nicholas', 14 Feb., 

1702/3. By a second marriage he had issue : — 

Thompson, baptized at St. Nicholas', 27 Sept., 1687. 

William, baptized at St. Nicholas', 17 May, 1689. 

Mary, baptized at St. Nicholas', 11 May, 1686, buried in the 

church, 13 July, 1691. 
Margaret, baptized at St. Nicholas', 14 Nov., 1693. 
See Six North Country Diaries, p. 62. 

4 John Middleton was entered at Gray's Inn, 27 Nov., 1677, as son and 
heir of Nathanial Middleton of the city of Durham, was appointed Eecorder 
of Durham, 3 June, 1696, and was buried at St. Nicholas', 21 Feb., 1702/3. 
By his marriage with Anne, daughter of John Harrison of Scarborough, he 
had issue two sons and eight daughters. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham , 
vol. iv., p. 168. 



163 

Feb. 23. James Rowell, mayson, .... being Tuesday. 5 
Mar. 3. Mrs. Thomasin Middleton, Lawyer Middleton 'si mother, 
being Wednesday. 6 

1703. 

Mar. 28. William Weardon, bookseller, .... being Easter 
day. 7 

April 16. Elizabeth Paxton, wife to Nicholas Paxton, shoomaker 
and senior, .... being Friday. 8 

April 16. Mrs. Browne, Mr. John Browne's wife, the attorney- 
at-law, .... being Friday. 9 

April 17. Mr. Foulthorpe, attorney-at-law, .... being Satter- 
day. 10 

April 26. Margaret, wife of James Poulson, .... being Mun- 
day, at night. 11 

April 26. And Margaret Scott, that same day. 12 

5 1702/3. Feb. 24. James Rowell, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

6 1702/3. Mar. 4. Mrs. Midletou, widow, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. She was Thomazine, daughter of Richard Lee, alder- 
man of Durham, and was married at St. Nicholas', 1 Mar., 1655/6. Besides 
John Middleton, the Recorder, she had issue two sons and two daughters. 

7 1703. Mar. 29. William Werdon, bookseller, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. 

1703. Mar. 29. Mr. William Wardon, buried in the Abay yard. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. He was laid beside his wife who was buried 17 Oct., 
1688. 

8 1703. April 18. Elizabeth Paxton, mother-in-law of Christopher 
Foulthroup, buried. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

'1703. April 18. Jane Browne of North Bailey, buried. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 

John Brown of Durham, attorney, married Jane, daughter of Richard 
Hutchinson of Durham, before the 20 Aug., 1666, when her father 
entered his pedigree at Dugdale's Visitation. They had (perhaps 
with other) issue: — 

John, baptized at the Cathedral, 30 June, 1670. 
John, baptized at the Cathedral, 9 Nov., 1675. 
Gerard, baptized at the Cathedral, 18 Feb., 1678/9. 
Elizabeth, named in her father's will. 

Jane, married, at the Cathedral, 30 April, 1683, David Dixon of 
Durham, attorney, buried, St. Oswald's, 21 Dec, 1718. 

10 1703. April 18. Mr. Christopher Foulthroup, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. He has not been affiliated to the family of Fulthorpe 
of Tunstal; see Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 126; though the christian 
name of Christopher was used by them. Christopher Foulthorpe married 
Eleanor Paxton, 26 Nov., 1693. 

11 1703. April 28. Margarett, wife of James Poulson, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

12 1703. April 28. Margarett Scott, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 



164 

May 10. Mrs. Margaret Blackston, Mr. Tobias Blackston's wife, 
.... being Munday. 13 

May 10. And Isabell Stoot dyed that day. 14 

May 16. Ralph Sherewood, waite of Durham, .... being 
Whitsunday. 15 

May 19. Mr. Peter Nelson, schoolmaster, .... being Wed- 
nesday. 16 

May 29. Mr. Gilbert Wharton, attorney-at-law, .... being 
Satterday. 17 

May 31. Elizabeth Hudson, Charles the baker's wife, . . . . 
being Munday. 18 

June 15. Sarah Catcheside 19 

June 23. John Binnion, draper taylor, and farmer of the toles 
of corne, . . . . 20 

*June 23. And Long Tom, the taylor. 

July 4. Richard Maugham, miller, .... being Sunday. 1 

July 15. Mr. John Rackett of Framwelgate, .... being St. 
S wet-hen' s day. 2 

Aug. 6. Grace Wilkinson, wife to Roger Wilkinson, . . . . 
being Friday. 3 

13 1703. May 11. Mrs. Margret Blakiston, buried at St. Margaret's. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. She was widow of Toby Blakiston of Newton 
Hall, near Durham, and of Gray's Inn, harrister-at-law, (who was buried 
at St. Margaret's, 2 July, 1680), by whom she had (perhaps with other) 
issue two sons and two daughters. See Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 164. 

14 1703. May 13. Isabel Stout, buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

15 1703. May 18. Ralph Sherwood, buried. Ibid. 

16 1703. May 20. Mr. Peter Nelson, writing master, buried. Cathe- 
dral Registers. He was the second master of the Grammar School, and 
married at Long Newton, 1 June, 1669, Ann Thorp of Yarm, who was laid 
beside him, 28 Jan., 1721/2. See Durham Cathedral Registers, ed. White, 
pp. Ill, 116. 

17 1703. May 30. Gilbert Wharton of Wolsingham, buried. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. He was apparently not of the family of Wharton of Old 
Park. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 300. 

18 1703. June 1. Elizabeth, wife of Charles Hudson, buried at St. 
Margaret's. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

19 1703. June 16. Sarah Catcheside, Framwelgate, widow, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

20 1703. June 24. John Binyon, talor, buried. St. Nicholas' Regis- 
ters. 

1 1703. July 7. Richard Maugham, buried at St. Gyles. Ibid. 

2 1703. July 16. John Rackett, Framwelgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. He married at St. Margaret's, 29 July, 1649, Elizabeth, widow 
of Jacob Skinner, and his daughter Margery was married in the same 
church, 31 August, 1671, to John Richardson of Framwelgate and Cater- 
house, who was buried there, 3 Oct., 1708. He was the son of John 
Richardson, who, as stated above, p. 110, was buried in his own garden at 
Caterhouse, 29 Sept., 1644. See Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 145. 

3 1703. Aug. 7. Grace Wilkinson, widdow, Framwelgate, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 



165 

Aug. 7. Mrs. Middle ton, the Recorder's widdow, .... being 

Satterday. 4 

Aug. 8. Ann, wife to William Pearson, .... being Sunday. 5 
Aug. 22. Thomas Lowther, skinner, .... being Sunday at 10 

of the clock at night. 6 

Sept. 13. William Mayson, weaver, .... being Munday. 7 
Sept. 12. Mr. Richard Newhouse, junior, .... being Sunday. 8 
Sept. 21. Mr. John Spearman, under Sheriffe for the County of 

Durham, .... being Tuesday. 9 

Oct. 16. Madam Bagshall a(t) Houghton in the Spring, .... 

being Satterday. 10 

Oct. 2. William Taylor, weaver, .... being Tuesday. 11 
Nov. 16. John Maddeson, ostler to Mr. Burrell, .... being 

Tuesday. 12 

*Dec. 23. Mr. Thomas Richardson, commonly called London 

Thorn 13 

Dec. 30. Roger Walton, cordwainer, one of the Mayor sergeants 

for the towne, .... being Thursday. 14 

Jan. 16. Mr. Robert Roper, attorn ey-at-law, .... being 

Sunday. 15 

4 1703. Aug. 8. Mrs. Midleton, wife of Mr. John Midleton, councler, 
deceased, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

5 1703. Aug. 9. Anne, wife of Wilm. Pearson, Crossgate, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

6 1703. Aug. 23. Thomas Lowther, of Giligate, skinner, a man of 
great estimation amongst his neighbours, buried. St. Giles' Registers. 

7 1703. Sept. 14. Willm. Mason, of Framwelgate, weaver, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

8 1703. Sept. 13. Mr. Richard Newhouse, buried. St. Mary in the 
South Bailey Registers. The Newhouse family were long resident in the 
parish of St. Mary-le-Bow and St. Mary in the South Bailey. See the 
Registers of these parishes printed by the Durham and Northumberland 
Par. Reg. Soc. 

■ 1703. Sept. 22. Mr. John Spearman, under-sheriff, buried. Cathe- 
dral Registers. The son of Robert Spearman of Preston, he was baptized 
at Tynemouth, 16 January, 1645/6. He married Elizabeth, daughter and 
coheir of Richard Whitfield, alderman of Durham, bj whom he had a 
numerous issue. His archaeological and legal collections are preserved 
in Bishop Cosin's library. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 95. 
Registers of Durham Cathedral, ed. White, p. 111. 

10 1703. Oct. 18. Mrs. Mary Bagshaw, wife of the Rev. Docter 
Bagshaw of Houghton, buried. Houghton-le-Spring Registers. She was 
47 years of age, and wife of Henry Bagshaw, rector of Houghton-le-Spring, 
prebendary of the 9th stall in Durham Cathedral. Dr. Bagshaw has a 
long Latin monumental inscription in the chancel of Houghton-le-Spring. 

11 1703. Nov. 2. William Taylor, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

12 1703. Nov. 17. John Maddison, Framwelgate, buried. Ibid. 
13 1703. Dec. 24. Thomas Richardson, of ye city of Durham, buried. 
Ibid. 

14 1703. Dec. 30. Roger Walton, cordwiner, buried. St. Nicholas' Beg. 
15 1703/4. Jan. 17. Robert Roper, buried, templo. Ibid. 



166 

Jan. 18. Anthony Fauwell, butcher, .... being Tuesday. 16 

Jan. 19. John Ramshaw, collier, in South Street, .... being 
Wednesday. 17 

Jan. 19. Ann Miller, Peter's wife, .... being Wednesday at 
night. 18 

Jan. 29. Mr. Thomas Skinner, chyrurgion, .... being Sat- 
terday, being of age 68 years gone the 21st day of December last 
from the date hereof. 19 

Feb. 14. Mr. John Busby, Cassopp John, .... being Mun- 
day. 20 

Feb. 21. Mr. Robert Smith, attorney- at -law, .... being 
Munday. 1 

Feb. 14. Mr. Thomas Tweddall, merchant, .... being Tues- 
day. 2 

Feb. 14. Thomas Hopper, Quaker, .... being Tuesday. 3 

Mar. 4. Old Mr. Surtees of Woodhead, .... being Satter- 
day. 4 

Mar. 23. Mr. Beckworth, .... in Yorkshire, being Thursday. 5 

16 1703/4. Jan. 19. Anthony Fawell, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

17 1703/4. Jan. 20. John Ramshaw, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

18 1703/4. Jan. 20. Anne, wife of Peter Milner, Crossgate, buried. 
Ibid. 

19 1703/4. Jan. 30. Mr. Thomas Skinner of Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

20 1703/4. Feb. 15. John Busby, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. 
He represented a family seated at Cassop since 1587 ; and was succeeded 
by his son, Henry Busby of Durham, attorney, who was buried at St. 
Oswald's, 13 Oct., 1712, leaving issue. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, 
vol. i., p. 75. 

1 1703/4. Feb. 23. Mr. Robert Smith, widower, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. 

1703/4. Feb. 23. Mr. Robt. Smith, buried at ye Minster yard. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

2 1703/4. Mar. 15. Mr. Thomas Tweddell, buried, templo. Ibid. 
He was probably third son of Frances Tweddell of Thorpthewles, and 
an elder brother of George Tweddell mentioned p. 167 post. 

3 1703/4. Mar. 17. Thomas Hopper, Quaker, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

4 William Surtees of the Woodhead, in the parish of Ovingham, was 
ancestor of the family of Surtees of Woodhead, Hedley, Newcastle and 
Dinsdale. 

5 Probably the 'Mr. Edward Beckworth' who married, 7 Oct., 1677, 
at St. Margaret's, Elizabeth, daughter of William Heighington of Durham, 
by whom he had issue two sons and a daughter, viz. : — Thomas, Edward, 
and Frances. See Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 99. He may have been a 
member of the family of Beckworth of Trimdon and of Thurcroft in 
Yorkshire. 



167 



Mar. 24. John Hutchinson esquire, justice of the Peace and 
attorney-at-law, .... being Friday. 6 



April 5. 
Wednesday. 7 

April 5. 

April 5. 

April 17. 
Munday. 10 

♦April 29. 
begger, . . . 

May 13. 

June 5. 
Munday. 13 

June 7. 
.... being 

June 28. 

July 8. 
Chathedrall, . 



1704. 
Mr. George Tweddall, alderman, being 

Thomas May Ion, butcher, .... being Wednesday. 8 

John Hutchinson, plumer, in Elvitt. 9 

William Key, Jersey comber, .... being Easter 

Old James Peacock, a currier by trade and a great 
. suddenly in the cloisters, being Satterday. 11 
Richard Huntley, tanner, .... being Satterday. 12 
Mr. Ingleby, schoolmaster, .... being Whitsun 

Old Margaret Milbourne, servant to Mrs. Church, 
Wednesday. 14 

Mary, wife of John Duckett, blacksmith, . . . , 15 
Doctor Gray, Doctor of Divinity and Prebend of the 
. . . being Satterday. 16 



6 1704. Mar. 26. John Hutchinson of Framwelgate, esq., buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. He was mayor of Durham in 1681 and 1684. He 
died seised of Bitchburn and Dry burn. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, 
vol. iv., p. 155. 

7 1704. April 7. Mr. George Tweddell, alderman, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. George Tweddell was mayor of Durham in 1701. By 
his marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of William Heslop (who was master 
and father-in-law of Sir John Duck), he left issue, a son, George Tweddell 
of Thorpthewles, who was grandfather of John Tweddell, the distinguished 
Greek scholar, who, dying at Athens on the 25 July, 1799, was buried in 
the Theseum. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 82. 

8 1704. April 6. Thomas Maland, butcher, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. 

9 1704. April 5. John Hutchinson, plumber, buried. St. Oswald's 
Registers. 

10 1704. April 18. William Kay, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' 
Registers. 

11 See Six North Country Diaries, p. 62. 

12 1704. May 14. Richard Huntley, buried, Crossgate. St. Margaret's 



Registers. 

13 1704. 

14 1704. 

15 1704. 
Ibid. 

16 1704. 



June 7. William Ingleby, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

June 8. Margaret Milburn, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

June 29. Mary, wife of John Dacket, Framwelgate, buried. 



July 13. Dr. Robert Gray, rector of Weremouth parish, 
buried. Bishopwearmouth Registers. A younger son of Sir Ralph Grey of 
Wark and Chillingham, Robert Grey was educated at Northallerton, under 
the distinguished Amur Oxley, proceeding to Christ's College, Cambridge, 
He held the rectory of Bishopwearmouth and the eighth stall in Durham 
Cathedral from the year 1652 to his death. See memoir, Welford, Men of 
Mark. 



168 

July 8. John Cogdon, junior, .... being Satterday at night. 17 
July 28. Mrs. Baites of Newcastle, .... being Friday. 18 
*Aug. 5. Bonet Bess dyed. 19 

Aug. 9. Sir Ralph Cole of Branspath, .... being Wednesday. 
Sept, 29. My Lady Cole, Sir Ralph's lady, .... being Friday. 20 
Oct, 3. Mr. John Midford, my lord of Durham's parratour, 
. . . . being Tuesday. 1 

Oct. 8. George Stott, roper, .... being Sunday about one 
a clock in the mome. 2 

Oct: 6. Person Blackston of Elvit, .... being Friday. 3 
Nov. 6. Richard Padman, junior, barber, .... being Mun- 
day. 4 

Nov. 13. Mrs. Mickleton of Crook Hall, .... being Munday. 5 
Deo. 24. Mary Darneton, widdow, .... being Sunday. 6 
Dec. 25. ' And Nedy Stoot, the next day in the House of Cor- 
rection. 7 

17 1704. July 9. John Cogdon, buried. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

18 She was Margaret, third wife of Richard Bates of Newcastle, 
apothecary (of the family of Bates of Halliwell), and daughter of [Michael] 
Clark. She was married at Tynemouth, 19 Dec, 1694, and was buried at 
All Saint's, Newcastle, 30 July, 1704. See new History of Northumberland, 
vol. ix., p. 373. 

19 She was wife of Christopher Wall of Crossgate, shoemaker, and wrs 
buried at St. Oswald's, 6 Aug., 1704. 

20 1704. Aug. 12. Sir Ralph Cole of Brancepath, bart., died 9 Aug., 
1704, and was buried in the vault in the Lady's porch. Brancejieth Registers. 

1704. Oct. 2. Catherine, the Lady Cole, relict of Sir R. Cole, died at 
Durham, 29 Sept., 1704, and was buried beside Sir Ralph in ye Vault in 
the Lady's porch. Ibid. The rise, the meridian, the eclipse, and the 
sunset of the Tyneside family of Cole is related by Mr. Richard Welford in 
Men of Marie. Sir Ralph Cole, mentioned id the text, was distinguished 
for love of the fine arts and was much given to hospitality. 

1 1704. Oct, 4. John Midford, apparitor, buried. Cathedral R"gisters. 

2 1704. Oct. 8. George Stott, Framwelgate, buried. >S7. Margaret's 
Registers. 

3 1704. Oct. 9. Mr. Francis Blakiston, rector of Whitburn, buried. 
St. Oswald's Registers. The younger son and eventual heir of Captain 
Robert Blakiston of Old Elvet (who died 14 Oct., 1688), he was baptized 
at St. Oswald's, 30 June, 1654; matriculated at Peterhouse, Cambridge, 
6 July, 1667; B.A., 1671; M.A., 1675; vicar of Aycliffe, 1679; and father of 
Robert Blakiston, some time vicar of Berwick. See pedigree, Surtees, 
Durham, vol. iii., p. 164. 

4 1704. Nov. 7. Mr. Richard Padman of St. Nicholas' parish, barber, 
buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

1704. Nov. 7. Richard Padman, barber, buried at St. Oswald's. St, 
Nicholas' Registers. 

5 1704. Nov. 14. Mrs. Eliz. Mickleton, wife of Mr. Mich. Mickleton, 
buried. Cathedral Registers. She was the daughter of John Spearman and 
was married at the Cathedral, 4 July, 1687. See Pedigree of Mickleton, 
Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 140. 

1704. Dec. 25. Mary Darneton, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
\ters. 
7 1704. Dec. 26. Edmond Stout, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 



169 

Dec. 27. William Bell, glover, .... being Wednesday, at 
night. 8 

Dec. 30. Robert Comeforth, butcher, .... being Friday, at 
night. 9 

Dec. 30. Christopher Dixon, taylor, .... at night. 10 

Jan. 17. Esquire Hedworth of Chester Street, .... being 
Wednesday. 11 

Jan. 18. Robert Patteson of Nafferton, .... being Thursday. 

Jan. 18. Mrs. Jackson of Haram. lla .... 

Jan. 25. Mrs. Mary Taylor, alias Yapp, .... being St. Paul's 
day. 12 

Feb. 2. William Hagar, ... being Friday. 13 

Feb. 4. William Mitchell, senior, being Sunday. 14 

Feb. 9. Mrs. Margaret Ingleby of Moore-houses, .... being 
Friday. 15 

Feb. 15. Mr. Alderman Greeveson, .... being Thursday. 16 

Feb. 24. William Chapman of Crossgate, yeoman, .... being 
Satterday at night. 17 

Feb. 26. Ann Huntley, wife to Richard Huntley, tanner, .... 
being Sunday, at night. 18 

1705. 

April 29. Abraham Cooper, dyer, .... being Sunday. 19 

8 1704. Dec. 28. William Bell, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

9 1704/5. Jan. 1. Robert Cornfourth, butcher, buried, templo. St. 

Nicholas' Registers. 

10 1704/5. Jan. 1. Christopher Dixon, Framwelgate, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

11 Ralph Hedworth of Chester Deanery, married Eleanor, daughter of 
Henry Lambton of Lambton, by whom he had issue five sons and seven 
daughters. See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. ii., p. 151. 

13a Haram is the name of a farm near Ushaw. 

12 1794/5. Jan. 26. Mary, daughter of Ellenor Yappe, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. She was the daughter of John Yapp of Magdalen College, 
Oxford, bailiff to the Dean and Chapter, who was buried in the Cathedral 
grave yard, 2 December, 1691. 

13 1704/5. Feb. 2. William Ager, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

14 1704/5. Feb. 5. William Mitchell, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

15 1704/5. Feb. 10. Margaret Ingleby, Crossgate, deceased. Ibid. 
She was probably widow of William Ingleby, who died on the 5 June 
(p. 167 supra), if so, her maiden name was Hall and she was only married 
to him on the 27 April, 1704, at St. Margaret's. 

]6 1704/5. Feb. 16. Mr. William Greeveson, alderman, buried, 
templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. 

17 1704/5. Feb. 25. William Chapman, Crossgate, buried. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 

18 1704/5. Feb. 26. Anne Huntley, Framwelgate, buried. Ibid. 

19 1705 April 30. Abraham Cooper, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 



170 

May 12. William Skirfeild, carriagman, of the Strand in 

Durham, .... being Satterday. 

May 14. William Keed, tanner, .... being Munday. 20 

May 22. John Benson, collier, .... being Munday. 1 

June 4. Mr. John Miller, minor cannon in the Chathedral of 

Durham 2 

June 8. Ann Drury, widow, .... being Friday. 3 
June 20. Doctor Robert Selby, .... being Wednesday. 4 
*July 5. Mr. John Rowell, by a fall from his horse, .... too 

sudden an accident, being Thursday, at night. 5 

July 26. Mr. Newhouse, Register of the Spiritual Court, .... 

being Thursday. 6 

Aug 9. Richard Hutchinson, tanner, Trimdon Dick so called, 

.... being Thursday. 7 

Sept. 6. Robert Crow, butcher, .... being Thursday. 8 

20 1705. May 16. William Reed, Framwelgate, buried. Ibid. 

1 1705. May 22. John Benson, Framwelgate, buried. Ibid. 

3 1705. June 5. Mr. John Milner, praecentor, buried. Cathedral 
Registers. He married at the Cathedral, 4 Nov., 1675, Joanna Stones, 
widow, who was laid beside him on 11th March, 1730/1. 

3 1705. June 9. Anne Dury, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

* An unidentified member of the North Durham family of Selby. 

6 1705. July 7. Mr. John Rowell, buried. St. Mary in the South 
Bailey Registers. 

6 1705. July 28. Mr. Gabriel Newhouse, gent,, of the parish of St. 
Mary-le-Bow, buried. Ibid. 

I. Robert Newhouse, attorney and Registrar of the Consistory Court, was 

buried at St. Mary-le-Bow, 19 Sept., 1668. By Barbara, his wife, 
daughter of Hugh Walton of Durham, mercer, he had issue : — 
Richard, baptized, St. Mary in the South Bailey, 21 Aug., 1638. 
William, baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 10 July, 1646. 
Gabriel II. 
George, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 8 May, 1654, buried, 20 Jan., 

1654/5. 
Frances (dau.), buried, St. Mary in the South Bailey, 30 J , 

1639. 
Jane, baptized, St. Mary in the South Bailey, 19 Mar., 1641/2; 

married, before 18 Sept., 1668, Cuthbert Hilton of Durham, 

attorney, and was buried at the Cathedral, 7 Dec, 1732. 
Ann, baptized at St. Mary in the South Bailey, 18 Feb., 1643/4. 
Margaret, baptized, St. Mary-le-Bow, 20 Aug., 1659. 

II. Gabriel Newhouse, attorney and Registrar of the Consistory Court, 

baptized at St. Mary-le-Bow, 2 Feb., 1650/1, buried at St. Mary in the 
South Bailey, 28 July, 1705. His widow, Jane, married, secondly, 6 
Oct., 1709, at the Cathedral, James Finney, prebendary of Durham, 
and thirdly, Anthony Emerson. 

7 1705. Aug. 10. Richard Hutchinson, Framwelgate, buried. St. 
Margaret's Registers. 

*1705. Sept. 7. Robert Crow, butcher, buried. St. Nicholas' Regis- 
ters. 



171 

Sept. 6. Roger Norton, .... being Thursday. 9 

Sept. 11. Mr. Shuttleworth, merchant, .... being Tuesday. 10 

Oct. 15. John Williamson, glover, .... being Munday 

morning. 11 

Oct. 18. James Hall, carpinter, or joyner, .... being 

Thursday. 12 

Nov. 4. Henry Rutledg, .... being Sunday. 13 

Nov. 22. Margaret, wife of Nicholas Wood, . ... being 

Thursday. 14 

Dec. 28. Sir William Blacket departed this life at London, and 

came to Durham 28th of December, being Friday this year 1705, 

and was buried at Newcastle, the 29th after. 15 

Jan. 2. Old John Heighington, Quaker, .... being Tuesday. 

Feb. 9. Mrs. Salvin, Mr. Anthony Salvin 's wife, .... being 

Satterday. 16 

Feb. 13. Margaret, wife to Thomas Mountain 17 

Mar. 12. John Dent, barber, .... being Thursday, . . , . 

being Tuesday. 18 

Mar. 18. Mr. Thomas Peareson, merchant, .... being 

Munday. 19 

9 1705. Sept. 7. Roger Norton, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

10 1705. Sept. 13. Mr. Nicholas Shuttleworth, grocer, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. His wife, Lucy, daughter of the Rev. Francis Blakis- 
ton, married secondly at St. Oswald's, 14 July, 1713, Thomas Philipson. 
See Surtees, Durham, vol. iii., p. 164. Six North Country Diaries, p. 223. 

John Williamson, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 



]' 1705. 
isters. 


Oct. 16. 


12 1705. 


Oct. 19. 


13 1705. 


Nov. 5. 



James Hull, Framwelgate, buried. Ibid. 

Henry Rutlidge, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

14 1705. Nov. 23. Margaret, wife of Nicholas Wood, of St. Nicholas' 
parish, glover, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

15 1705. Dec. 29. S r William Blackett, barr", St. Andrew's (chapelry), 
buried. St. Nicholas' Newcastle Registers. Alderman of Newcastle, mayor 
1683 and 1698, created a baronet 23 January, 1684/5, M.P. for Newcastle 
1685-1689, 1695, 1698, 1705; High Sheriff of' Northumberland, 1689. See 
memoir in Mr. Richard Welford's Men of Mark. 

16 1705/6. Feb. 11. Elinor, wife of Mr. Anthony Salvin, buried. St. 
Oswald's Registers. The daughter of Simon Peacock of Burnhall, she was 
married at St. Oswald's, 10 October, 1676, to Anthony Salvin of Sunderland 
Bridge, by whom she had issue four sons and seven daughters. See 
pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. J 20. 

17 1705/6. Feb. 14. Margaret, wife of Tho. Mounton, Crossgate, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

18 1705/6. Mar. 13. John Denton, barber, buried. Cathedral Regis- 
ters. 

19 1705/6. Mar. 19. Thomas Pearson, Crossgate, buried. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 



172 

1706. 

Mar. 26. Ralph Rowell, mayson, .... being Tuesday. 20 

April 29. Mrs. Gordon, Alderman Gordon's wife, his third 
wife 1 

May 5. Margaret Smith of South Street, meale wife, .... 
being Sunday. 2 

May 20. Mrs. Elizabeth Trollop, wife to Mr. Thomas Trollop, 
.... being Munday, at night about 11 of ye clooke. 3 

June 2. Mr. Robert Lambe, alderman, .... being Sunday. 4 

20 1706. Mar. 27. Ralph Rowell, Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

1 1706. April 30. Mrs. Ann Gordon, wife of Mr. John Gordon, alder- 
man, buried, templo. St. Nicholas' Registers. See the death of his second 
wife, p. 153 supra. 

2 1706. May 6. Margaret Smith, Crossgate, buried. St. Margaret's 
Registers. 

3 1706. May 22. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Trollop, buried Ibid. 

I. Thomas Trollop of Durham, attorney, 27 July, 1639, obtained a grant 

of arms (Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 93). By his wife, Dorothy, 
daughter of Anthony Busby of Cassop, he had, with other, issue an 
eldest son : — 

II. William Trollop of Durham, who, with other issue, left an eldest son. 

III. Thomas Trollop of Durham, attorney, baptized at St. Margaret's, 
10 February, 1659, and was buried at the same church, 21 Aug., 1723. 
He apparently married twice, his first wife, Catherine, being buried 26 
Mar., 1698, and his second wife, Elizabeth, on the 22 May, 1706. He 
had issue : — 

John, buried at St. Margaret's, 1678. 

William, baptized, St. Margaret's, 21 Feb., 1681/2, buried, 7 

Mar., 1682. 
Thomas Trollop of Durham, baptized, St. Margaret's, 9 Aug., 

1683, buried, 13 June, 1721.^ 
Elizabeth, married, at St. Margaret's, 27 Dec, 1707, William 

Brockett. 
Mary, baptized, St. Margaret's, 27 Jan., 1684, buried, 24 Dec, 

1706. 
Catherine, baptized, St. Margaret's, 9 Nov., 1686, married 

Hutchinson. 
Jane, baptized, St. Margaret's, 18 June, 1689. 
Dorothy, baptized, St. Margaret's, 1 June, 1692. 
Thomason, baptized, St. Margaret's, 2 Jan., 1693/4, buried 9 May, 

1708. 
See pedigree, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 93. 

4 1706. June 3. Mr. Eobert Lamb, alderman, buried, templo. St. 
Nicholas' Registers. < 

I. Robert Lamb, alderman and tobacconist, married at the Cathedral, 

7 Feb., 1669/70, Frances, daughter of John Airson of Durham, and 
by her, who was buried in St. Nicholas' church, 12 Feb., 1685/6, he 
had issue with two daughters and a son, John Lamb II., and died 1705. 

II. John Lamb, alderman and mercer, was baptized at St. Nicholas', 

1 May, 1683 by, his wife, Mary (who proved his will, 21 Feb., 1738/9), 
had with other issue, a son Robert III., and was buried at St. 
Nicholas', 13 Feb., 1738/9. 

III. Robert Lamb, clerk in orders, baptized at St. Nicholas', 15 Aug., 
1711; matriculated at St. John's College, Cambridge, 13 April, 1728; 



173 

*June 7. Elizabeth Wrongham, of ye Bull's Head, .... 
being Friday. 

ordained deacon by Bishop of Lincoln, 23 Sept., 1733; minor canon of 
Durham Cathedral; curate of South Shields; vicar of Norham, 1747, to 
his death, 7 May, 1795. He was author of The History of Chess, 
published in 1764, the ballad entitled " The Laidley Worm of Spindle- 
ston Heugh," which he gave to Hutchinson in 1776, and editor of a 
History of the Battle of Flodden, published in 1774. He married at 
Norham under romantic circumstances, related by Mr. Richard 
Welford in Men of Mark, on 11 April, 1755, Philadelphia Nelson (who 
was buried at St. Giles', Durham, 13 Jan., 1772) of Durham, a native 
of Kensington by whom he had issue two sons and one daughter, 
viz. : — 

Robert Lamb, baptized at Norham, 16 Mar., 1759, and buried 

their, 24 Sept., 1771. 
Ralph Lamb, baptized at Norham, 13 Sept., 1763, and buried 

there, 25 June, 1764. 
Philadelphia IV. 
IV. Philadephia Lamb, baptized at Norham, 18 April, 1756, married there, 
24 Aug., 1773, Alexander Robertson of Prendergest and Gunsgreen, 
Berwickshire, by whom she had issue seven sons and eight daughters. 
The first named, Robert Lamb, who died in 1705, had a brother, or other 
near kinsman, John Lamb (I.) of Gilesgate, Durham, who was buried at 
St. Giles, 31 Mar., 1710, having married twice (see Surtees, Durham, vol. 
i., p. 186), and by his second marriage leaving issue, a son, John (II.). 
(II.) John Lamb, described as of Hetton, married Margaret, daughter of 
Ralph Hedworth of Chester Deanery, (who married secondly, Cuthbert 
Morland ,and had further issue by him). His will is dated 31 Aug., 
1705, and was proved in 1712. He had, with other issue who died 
childless, a son William Lamb (III.). 
(III.) William Lamb, clerk in orders, matriculated at Exeter College, 
Oxford, 18 Mar., 1724/5, aged 18; B.A., 1728; M.A., 1732; rector of 
Gateshead, 1733 to his death, 29 May, 1769. He married Dorothy 
Harrison of Gateshead, and by her had issue two sons : — 
John (IV.). 

William Lamb of Merton College, Oxford, matriculated, 28 Nov., 

1763, aged 17; B.A., 1767; M.A., 1770; vicar of Kirknewton; 

died unmarried. 

(IV.) John Lamb, a captain in the 8th Regiment, described as lay rector 

of Alnwick (see Six North Country Diaries, p. 307), died unmarried, 

9 July, 1790, having, by will, dated 14 Dec, 1787, constituted his 

kinsman, Anthony Storey of Bishopwearmouth, his heir, who was 

a descendant of the testator's grandmother, Margaret Hedworth, by 

her second marriage with Cuthbert Morland. 

The devise to Story did not pass certain copyhold lands in the manor 
of Chester-le-Street, to which, on the 22 Dec, 1801, " Philadelphia Robert- 
son, wife of Alexander Robertson of Prendergast, in the county of Berwick, 
in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, heiress-at-law of the Rev. 
William Lamb, clerk, deceased, late rector of Gateshead, in the county of 
Durham, and also of John Lamb, esq., late a captain in His Majesty's 
Eighth Regiment of Foot, also deceased (to wit), daughter and heiress of 
the Rev. Robert Lamb, late of the parish of St. Giles in or near the city 
of Durham, clerk, deceased, who was cousin and heir of the said John 
Lamb, who was the son and heir of the said William," was duly admitted 
tenant. From Durham Halmote Rolls, communicated by Mr. G. A. Smith. 
See Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 186. 



174 

Aug. 20. Richard Hutchinson, singing-man, of the Strand, 
Durham, .... being Wednesday about 2 a clock in the morning. 5 

Sept. 8. Humphry Adam&on, of South Street, mayson 6 

Sept. 25. Mr. Jonathan Hall, merchant, .... being Wednes- 
day. 7 

Oct. 8. Frances Hopper, .... being Tuesday. 8 

Oct. 18. Person Dunn, .... being Friday. 9 

Nov. 19. Nicholas Wood, skinner and glover, .... being 
Tuesday. 10 

Dec. 12. Lancelote Lowther, merchant, .... being Thurs- 
day. 11 

Dec. 22. Mrs. Mary Trollop, daughter to Mr. Thomas Trollop, 

being Sunday. 12 

Jan. 13. Mr. Anthony Emmerson, .... being Munday. 13 

Jan. 28. Charles Hudson, baker, .... being Tuesday. 14 

Jan. 24. Sir William Bowes departed this life in London, being 
Friday. 15 

5 1706. Aug. 21. Richard Hutchinson, Crossgate, buried. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 

1706. Sept. 9. Humphrey Adamson of Crossgate, buried. Ibid. 

7 1706. Sept. 6. Jonathan Hall of Crossgate, buried. Ibid. Possibly 
a member of the family of Hall of Durham and Flass, of which there is a 
pedigree in Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 154. 

8 1706. Oct. 29. Frances Hopper of Framwelgate, buried. St. Mar- 
garet's Registers. 

9 1706. Oct. 20. William Done, curate of this parish, buried. St. 
Giles' Registers. He was presented to the benefice of St. Giles in 1691, 
and married in his own church, 17 July, 1692, Mrs. Elizabeth Davies of 
West Chester^ (i.e. Chester on the Dee). He has, or had a monumental 
inscription at St. Giles. See Memorials of St. Giles', Surt. Soc. publ., 95, 
p. 266. 

10 1706. Nov. 20. Nicholas Wood, St. Nicholas' parish, skinner, an 
old man, buried. St. Oswald's Registers. 

11 1706. Dec. 13. Lancelot Lowther, mercer, buried. Cathedral Reg- 
isters. He was resident in the South Bniley. He married at the Cathe- 
dral, 4 June, 1698, Jane Smith of Lamesley. 

12 1706. Dec. 24. Mary, daughter of Mr. Trollop, Crossgate, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. She was baptized at St. Margaret's, 27 Jan., 
1684. 

13 1706/7. Jan. 15. Mr. Anthony Emerson of the parish of Little St. 
Mary, buried. St. Giles' Registers. 

14 1706/7. Jan. 29. Charles Hudson, buried. St. Margaret's Regis- 
ters. 

15 1706/7. Jan. 7. S r William Bowes departed this life and was buried 
Feb. ye 11th, of Streatlam. Barnard Castle Registers. By his marriage 
with Elizabeth, daughter and ultimately sole heir of Sir Francis Blakeston 
of Gibside, bart., he had issue three sons and four daughters. See pedi- 
gree, Surtees, Durham, vol. iv., p. 108. 



Jan. 


27. 


day. 16 




Feb. 


6. 


♦Feb. 


27. 


Mar. 


1. 


Mar. 


9. 



175 

Alice, wife to George Wilkinson, .... being Mun- 

Ann Davison of Claypath, .... being Thursday. 17 
Anthony Allinson, Black Cock, .... being Thursday. 

Elizabeth Noble 18 

Doctor Burnet, .... being Sunday. 19 
Mar. 10. Dorothy Shepheard of Framwelgate 20 

1707. 

May 1. Jane Rutledge * 

July 21. Nicholas Wilson, lay singing [man]. . . . . 2 
July 22. James Paulson, dyer, .... being Tuesday. 3 

1710. 

Sept. 26. Elizabeth, wife to Jacob Bee, .... being Tuesday, 
between 3 and 4 o'clock in the morning. 4 



16 1706/7. Jan. 27. Alice, wife of George Wilkinson, buried, templo. 
St. Nicholas' Registers. 

17 1706/7. Feb. 14. Anne Davison, widow, an antient and credible 
housekeeper in ye parish of St. Nicholas. St. Oswald's Registers. 

18 1706/7. Mar. 2. Elisabeth, wife of William Noble, of Framwelgate, 
buried. St. Margaret's Registers. 

19 1706/7. Mar. 18. Robert Burnet, gent., buried. St. Mary-le-Bow 
Registers. He married at the Cathedral, 12 Feb., 1699/1700, Frances, 
widow of Daniel Richardson, by whom he had issue. 

30 1706/7. Mar. 11. Dority Shipherd of Framwelgate, widow, buried. 
St. Margaret's Registers. 

1 1707. May 2. Jane, wife of John Rutledge of Crossgate, buried. 
Ibid. 

Nicholas Wilson, buried. St. Mary in the South 

James Poulson of Crossgate, dyer, buried. St. 

Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Bee, buried. Ibid. Her 
maiden name was Rabbet, and she was married to the Diarist, circa 1658. 



2 1707. July 
Bailey Registers. 


22. 


3 1707. 
Margaret's 


July 23. 
Registers 


4 1710. 


Sept. 


27. 



176 



MARK BROWELL'S DIARY. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Mark Browell of Newcastle, attorney, was a son of George Browell 
of the same place, butcher. The date of his birth has not been 
ascertained, but he was educated for the law and was entered at 
FurnivaPs Inn before commencing to practice his profession in his 
native town. On the 20th March, 1686, he married at All Saints, 
Newcastle, Elizabeth, daughter of Roger Ive, a citizen and stationer of 
London, afterwards of Newcastle, by whom he had issue a son, 
Edward, and a daughter, Margaret. She died on the 9th Sep- 
tember, 1689 ; and, after a very short interval he married 
again, at St. Andrews, 17 June, 1690, Jane Sanderson, spinster, 
whose eldest son, George Browell, was baptised on the 18th 
October, 1691. Mark Browell, who was admitted to the freedom 
of the Butcher's Company on the 24th February, 1688, served as 
churchwarden of All Saints, in which chapelry he apparently resided, 
for the year 1695 and 1696. His professional career seems to have 
been prosperous and before his death, in 1729, he was able to educate 
his eldest son at St. John's College, Cambridge, and to make adequate 
provision for his surviving four younger children. He was buried in 
the south aisle of the old church of All Saints, under a stone the in- 
scription on which has been preserved by Bourne : — > 

MARCUS BROWELLUS GENEROS. ATTORNAT. DE BANCO, S0C. HOSPIT. 
FURNIVAL LOND. HOC SIBI ET SUIS POSUIT ET C02LIS PARATA jETERNA 
MANSIO. IPSE OBIIT SECUNDO DIE NOVEMBRIS ANNO DOMINI 1729. 

He was buried on the 5th November in that year and the entry 
of his interment in the register of All Saints is marked by a quota- 



177 

tion in Latin thus: '1729 Nov. 5 Mark Browel, attorney Dies 

Revel abit.' 

The following abridgement of his will is taken from Richardson's 

edition : — 

20 October, 1729. Will of Mark Browell of Newcastle, gent., being grown 
into years, yet of sound mind and memory. If I die in, or within twenty 
miles of Newcastle, I do order my body to be buried in the church of All 
Hallows, in my buriall place in the south isle thereof, and that no more than 
these words be in capitall letters ingraven on the stone, viz., ' Ipse obiit,' 
adding in figures the date of my death and the year, like as it is done for 
my wife. Among the sentences collected and writ in the white leaves of my 
prayer book, I have writ that this verse may be on my grave stone when I 
am dead, viz. : ' Hcec domus ceterna est hie sum situs hie ero semper.' I now 
forbid the same lest the sence of it should be misconstrued, and I be censured 
to enervate the belief of the resurrection. And I will that my funeral shall 
be without state or pomp, and in such like decent manner as my wife's, only 
I will not have it exceed forty pounds, and I give rings to none. To my 
daughter Frances Browell £600, to my daughter Julian Browell £600, my 
•daughter Mills £300, having given her £300 at her marriage. 

To my son Edward Browell, a Doctor in Divinity, his heirs &c, my messu- 
ages, &c, situate without the walls, but within the liberties of the said town 
of Newcastle, in a certain street or place there called Sidgate. He to pay £200 
into my personal estate to make my daughters sure of their several portions, 
for when I consider that my said son has been much advanced in the world, 
and through my endeavours and God's blessing only, I cannot but say he has 
shared well in my little estate, and has had a handsome legacy to remember 
me by. To my son Edward all the books mencioned in a paper signed by 
me, bearing the date of this will. To my daughter Frances Browell, all the 
letters, papers and accounts that have passed between me and my son 
Edward Browell, to keep by her, and my diaries, confiding in her prudence 
in the using of them, and that she will not do anything but for the clearing 
of truth and avoiding all bitterness and wrath. 

To my son, Mark Browell, my messuage in the Syde, and one-fifth of a 
farm or tenement in School Aycliffe, and my rent charge of £6 per annum 
out of Great Bavington. To my son Mark all my draughts and paper books 
of pleadings, at law and in equity, and in the Sheriff's oifiee, in which last 
I have laboured abundantly, but I would not have him to part with or dis- 
pose of any of them least they should be lost. 

To my son Edward, the silver porringer which I had with his mother. 

a Edward Browell, eldest son of Mark Browell, by his first wife, Elizabeth 
Ive, was born at Newcastle and was baptized at All Saints, 11 September, 
1689. He was educated at Sedberge under Mr. Dwyer, and at St. John 
College, Cambridge where he matriculated 14 June," 1707, being then 17 
years of age, B.A., 1710; M.A., 1714; D.D., 1726; rector of Romaldkirk from 
1713 to his death 23 December, 1763, when he was laid beside his wife, 
Elizabeth, who died 2 Jan., 1762/3. His only daughter, Elizabeth, married 
•George Clavering of Greencroft, and died s.j). 19 October, 1763, aged 37. 

12 



178 

To my son Mark, my buriall place in the west end of the north aisle be- 
queathed to me by my cousin Abraham Corbett, — nephews, Robert Corn- 
forth and George Browell. 

To my daughter Frances, my picture and her mother's, drawn by Mr. 
Stephenson. 

To my son Edward, the other picture drawn of me when I was younger, 
which has my features and likeness att that time, according to my judgment 
of it, though it is not so much set by as the other picture is. 

My daughters, Frances and Julian, executrices. Women not being fit for 
law-suits; in case of law-suits I appoint my sons Edward and Mark, and 
John Mills to be executors. 

There are nine books of Reports of Lord Coke, all in French, very valu- 
able, and other French books which my son Mark will never take the pains 
to spell out, therefore I would have him to sell them. Let him have all my 
letters, books in business, and letters in answer, which must be of great use 
to him in any business that has happened through me for more than thirty 
years. 

The Diary apparently passed into the possession of the Diarist's 
son, Mark Browell, also an attorney, who died in the month- of 
April, 1739. After passing through intermediate hands it was 
acquired by John Bell the younger, the once well-known Newcastle 
bookseller, antiquary and collector, who in 1847 permitted M. A. 
Richardson to give it a place in his valuable series of Imprints and 
Reprints of Rare Tracts. It is not known whether the original MS. is 
now in existence, and the following pages are reprinted from Mr. 
Richardson's edition, from which also the Diarist's will, Avith some of 
the biographical and personal notices appended, have been borrowed. 

Notices of the surrendered charter of the town of Newcastle 
referred to in Browell's Diary may be found in the Records of the 
Merchant Adventurers, No. 93 of this series, p. 237 ; or Brand, 
History of Newcastle, Vol. ii., p. 195, etc., and are more particularly 
related in the Memoirs of Ambrose Barnes, No. 50 of this series, 
p. 176, et seq. 



179 



THE DIARY 



[1687/8]. Jan. 1. *J[ohn] Squire, esq., 1 maior, Newcastle. 
*Sir William Blackett, 2 
*Sir Ralph Carr,3 

Nicholas Cole, esq., 4 )■ Aldermen. 
*Mr. Timothy Davison, 5 
*Mr. George Mourton, 6 

1 John Squire, son of Sampson Squire of Thruntoft, Yorkshire, was 
apprenticed, 1 Mar., 1658/9; to Thomas Sherwood of Newcastle, boothman, 
and was admitted free of the Merchants' Company, 27 Jan., 1669/70. He 
married, 10 Nov., 1672, at St. Nicholas', Mary Forster, widow; was sheriff 
of Newcastle, 1681, and mayor, 1687, being removed by mandamus from 
the king on the 24 Dec. On the 2 May following he was killed by a fall 
from horseback near Chester-le-Street, and four days later he was buried 
in St. Nicholas'. His widow on the 7 Nov., 1689, married for her third 
husband, Nicholas Fenwick, alderman of Newcastle, she being his third 
wife. 

2 Sir William Blackett, baronet, a very important man in Newcastle, 
of whom a biography may be found in Mr. Richard Welford's Men of 
Marie twixt Tyne and Tweed. 

3 Sir Ralph Carr, a wealthy burgess of Newcastle, purchased Cocken, 
co. Durham, in 1665, was knighted, 22 June, 1676; mayor of Newcastle, 
1676, 1693, and 1705; M.P. for Newcastle, 1679, 1680, 1688, and 1689. He 
married, first, Jane, daughter of Sir Francis Anderson of Bradley, and, 
secondly, Isabella, daughter of the Hon. James Darcy. He died, 5 Mar., 
1709/10, having had issue by both marriages. See pedigree of Carr of 
Cocken, Surtees, Durham, vol. i., p. 209. 

4 Nicholas Cole, second son of Sir Ralph Cole, second baronet, of New- 
castle, merchant, and of Brancepeth, was born at Kepier and was baptised 
at St. Giles', Durham, 28 Feb., 1653/4, he was mayor of Newcastle, 1686, 
and, dying in the month of July, 1701, in his father's lifetime, was buried 
at Brancepeth. 

5 Timothy Davison was made free of the Merchant Adventurers Company 
by patrimony, 13 Jan., 1663/4, being son of Thomas Davison, merchant, by 
his wife, Anne, daughter of Ralph Cock, sometime alderman of Newcastle. 
He was sheriff in 1666 and mayor in 1673. He married, 4 Jan., 1663/4, at 
St. Nicholas', Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Blackett, and died 28th 
Dec, 1696, aged 54, and was buried in St. Nicholas'. He purchased the 
estate of Beamish, co. Durham, and transmitted it to his descendants. 

6 George Morton was sheriff of Newcastle in 1673 and mayor in 1679 and 
alderman at the date of the Diary. He was buried in the north aisle of the 
old church of All Saints, where was the following epitaph : ' Here lieth 
interr'd the body of George Morton, draper, alderman and twice mayor of 
this town : he departed this life the 26th of November, anno Dom. 1693. 



180 

*Mr. Matthew Jeffreyson, 7 

Mr. Timothy Robson, 8 

Mr. Nicholas Fenwick, 9 V Aldermen. 

Mr. William Aubonie, 10 
*Mr. Nicholas Ridley, 11 

7 Matthew Jefferson, son of Richard Jefferson of Elton in the county of 
Durham was apprenticed 1 April, 1645, to Richard Thursby (a kinsman of 
the Yorkshire antiquary) of Newcastle, boothman, and was admitted free 
of the Merchants' Company 5 October, 1655. He was sheriff of Newcastle in 
1671 and mayor in 1678. He married 13 December, 1664, at St. Nicholas', 
Mary Barker, widow, by whom he had issue nine children, of whom six 
survived him. He died 1 Mar., 1687, having by his will dated 16 Oct., 
1685, given his property at Bingfield in the parish of St. John Lee to his 
son, John Jefferson; the latter died 4 Mar., 1700/1, leaving his three 
sisters, Anne, wife first of William Shafto of Carrycoats and secondly of 

John Cotesworth of the Hermitage, Elizabeth, wife of Brumell, and 

Mary, wife of Vernol, his co-heirs. 

8 Timothy Robson, son of William Robson of Newcastle, cordwainer, 
was apprenticed 29 Sept., 1646, to George Errington of Newcastle, booth- 
man, and was admitted free of the Merchants' Company 15 Oct., 1656. He 
was sheriff of Newcastle in 1677 and mayor in 1681 and 1695. He married 
first, in or about the year 1659, Elizabeth Jefferson, spinster, his banns, 
after the Commonwealth custom, being published in Newcastle market place 
in September of that year. He married secondly, before the expiration of 
the year of his shrievalty on the 30 Sept., 1678, at St. Nicholas', Jane 
Scurfield, widow. In 1682 he purchased together with (his brother-in-law) 
Matthew Jefferson, property in Bingfield, and dying 30 Dec, 1700, was 
buried in St. Nicholas'. He left surviving him, the issue of his first 
marriage, an only daughter, Mary, wife of John Milbank of Thorp Perrow. 

9 Nicholas .b enwick, son of Robert Fenwick of Brenkley, was appren- 
ticed 20 May, 1648, to Ralph Heron of Newcastle, boothman, and was 
admitted free of the Merchants' Company 4 June, 1658. He was sheriff of 
Newcastle in 1678 and mayor in 1682 and 1697, and died circa 1707. He 
was married three times : his first wife being Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Young, alderman, the second Elizabeth Bonner, and the third, as already 
mentioned, Mary, widow of John Squire; the latter corrects the name given 
as Symon in the pedigree of Fenwick of Lemington in the new History of 
Northumberland, vol. vii., p. 174. 

10 William Aubone, son of Thomas Aubone of Newcastle, master and 
mariner, was apprenticed 25 April, 1655, to George Dobson, boothman, and 
was admitted free of the Merchants' Company, 16 Aug., 1665. He was 
sheriff of Newcastle in 1679 and mayor in 1684. He married Catherine, 
daughter of Christopher Sanderson of Barnard Castle (whose Diary is 
printed in the first series of North Country Diaries), the bond of marriage 
being dated 22 Jan., 1665/6, by whom he had (perhaps with other) issue 
three daughters, viz., Frances, wife of Edward Surtees of Woodhead, 
Phillis, wife of Robert Greenwell of Kibblesworth, and Jane, wife of John 
Greenwell of Newcastle. The said Robert and John Greenwell were sons 
of William Greenwell of Greenwell Ford. William Aubone died 29 Sept., 
1700. 

11 Nicholas Ridley, son of John Ridley of Willimoteswick was appren- 
ticed 8 Aug., 1661, to Robert Fenwick, mercer, and was admitted free of 
the Merchants' Company, 2 Nov., 1671. He was sheriff of Newcastle in 
1682, and mayor in 1706. He married 26 Feb., 1673/4, Martha, daughter 
of Richard March of Newcastle, merchant, and died 22 Jan., 1710, leaving 
issue. He was ancestor of Viscount Ridley. 



181 

* Henry Lambton, esq., 12 Deputy Recorder. 
*Mr. William Ramsay, 13 Sheriff©. 

[1688/9]. Jan. 2. Turned out all yt are thus markt * and in 
their places 

[1688/9]. Jan. 3. Sir William Creagh, mayor, 14 papist. 

[1688/9]. Jan. 4 Edward Widdrington, esq., 15 
papist. 

fanatick, Mr. William Johnson, 16 honest, \ Aldermen. 

fanatick, Mr. Ambross Barnes, 17 

fanatick, Mr. William Hutchinson, 18 

12 Henry Lambton, second son of Henry Lambton of Lambton, was of 
Queen's College, Oxford, where he matriculated 25 Oct., 1659; was admitted 
to Grays' Inn, 3 June, 1662; appointed by Bp. Crewe, attorney general of 
the co. palatine; occurs in 1685 as deputy recorder of Newcastle, and died 
unmarried in October, 1713. 

13 William Ramsay, son of William Ramsay of Newcastle, goldsmith, 
was apprenticed 1 Oct., 1675, to Phineas Allan, boothman, and admitted 
free of the Merchants' Company, 18 Mar., 1686/7. He was sheriff of New- 
castle in 1687 and mayor in 1690, and either he, or another of his name, 
was mayor in 1701. He died s.p. on the 14 April, 1716, and was buried in 
the old church of All Saints. His will is dated 14 May, 1713. 

11 Sir William Creagh, a Roman Catholic Irishman, was knighted 1 Jan., 
1684/5, and enjoyed the doubtful favour of James II., under whose man- 
damus he was successively admitted 4 May, 1686, to the freedom of the 
Merchants' Company and to that of the Hostmen's Company, and, on the 
30 June, 1687, to that of the town. By the same unconstitutional method 
he was made mayor of Newcastle in 1687. He was buried at St. Nicholas', 
27 Dec, 1702. By his marriage with Mary, daughter of John Rogers of 
Newcastle, merchant, he had issue four daughters, two of whom were 
married, viz., Mary, wife of Dominick Archdeacon, a merchant in Cork, and 
Margaret, wife of Anthony Isaacson of Newcastle, in whose respective issue 
the great wealth of John Rogers, the lunatic, brother of Dame Mary 
Creagh, ultimately wholly or in part centred. 

15 Edward Widdrington may perhaps be identified with the third son 
of William first Baron Widdrington. If so he was admitted to Gray's 
Inn, 14 May, 1656. By his marriage with Mary, the richly dowered widow 
of Robert Lisle of Felton, he obtained that estate, but throwing in his lot 
with James II. he was killed at the Battle of the Boyne, 11 July, 1691. He 
is several times mentioned in Thorsby's Correspondence. 

16 William Johnson named in the text, was probably William Johnson 
the younger, who was admitted to the freedom of the Merchants' Company 
4 July, 1684, by patrimony as son of William Johnson, mercer, deceased. 
The latter had acquired Kibblesworth by purchase. He never attained 
either the mayor's or sheriff's chair, and died in 1706. But there was a 
contemporary William Johnson, also a member of the Merchants' Company. 

17 Of Ambrose Barnes the famous Puritan merchant and alderman of 
Newcastle, his memoirs admirably edited by the late Mr. W. H. D. Long- 
staffe, forming No. 50 of this series, speak for themselves. 

\* William Hutchinson, son of Francis Hutchinson of Gilling, York- 
shire, was apprenticed 10 October, 1646, to Benjamin Ellison of Newcastle, 
mercer, and was admitted free of the Merchants' Company 15 Oct., 1656. 
He was mayor of Newcastle in 1688 for six weeks only but was removed on 
the 5 of November for political reasons related by Mr. Richard Welford in 
Men of Mark, n., p. 585. He died on the 6 Mar., 1689/90, and was buried at 



182 

idem, Mr. Thomas Partis, 19 ) A1( j ermen 

papist, Mr. John Errington, 20 j 

fanatick, Mr. Joseph Barnes, 20a Recorder. [1688/9]. Jan. 11. 

fanatick, Mr. Samuel Gill, 20b Sheriffe. [1688/]. Jan. 16. 
Putt in by mandamus. 

1687/8. Jan. 29. Kept a day of rejoyceing for the Queen's 
being with child. 

[1687/8]. Feb. 10. A Quo Warranto against the Charter of 
Newcastle, and such like process against the electors for nott electing 
the present mayor and new aldermen: — returned 13 instant. 

All Saints, leaving by Ruth Hodgson, his wife — whom he married at St. 
John's, Newcastle, 25 December, 1656 — with other issue, an eldest son, 
Jonathan Hutchinson, some time M.P. for Berwick-on-Tweed. 

19 Thomas Partis the younger, was son of Thomas Partis of Newcastle, 
tobacconist, and after serving his apprenticeship with Robert Mitford, 
hostman, was admitted free of the Hostmen's Company, 31 Jan., 1673/4. 
His father having died in 1669 he succeeded to the business. He married 
12 Feb., 1673/4, at Long Benton, Mehitabel, daughter, and, in her issue, 
co-heir, of Luke Killingworth of Killingworth, by whom he had with other 
issue a daughter, named after her mother, wife of John Hodgson of New- 
castle, merchant, ancestor of the late Mr. John Hodgson Hinde. Thomas 
Partis was buried in St. Nicholas', 12 Jan., 1688/9. 

20 John Errington of Errington and Beauf ront, described in Ambrose 
Barnes' Memoirs, as ' a person of great parts, great breeding and of a 
magnificent soul.' He and his brother Thomas being considerable dealers 
in lead, largely obtained from the lead mines of the Earl of Derwentwater, 
to whom they seem to have acted as agents and business managers, were 
under mandamus admitted to the freedom of the Merchants' Company of 
Newcastle, 25 June, 1686, having three days previously been admitted — 
also by mandamus — to the freedom of the Hostmen's Company. He died 
unmarried 19 Dec, 1713, and was buried at St. John Lee. 

20a Joseph Barnes, barrister-at-law, eldest son of Ambrose Barnes, 
already mentioned, was baptised at St. Nicholas', 2 April, 1658. He won 
for himself the reputation of being one of the hardest students and 
' frugallest ' commoners in the Temple, ' his parts were extraordinary, a 
strong memory, profound judgment, of a quick and lively apprehension and 
of a ready wit.' He was appointed Deputy Recorder of Newcastle 24 Dec, 
1687, by mandamus, but was superseded at the Revolution. Many years 
afterwards, on 28 April, 1710, he was made Recorder of Berwick, but he 
died two years later, and was buried in St. Nicholas', 21 Mar., 1711/2. He 
left four sons and four daughters. Cf. Mr. Richard Welford's Men of 
Mark. 

20b Samuel Gill, son of Humphrey Gill of Seaton Delaval, was appren- 
ticed 1 Aug., 1668 to Ralph Jenison of Newcastle, boothman, and was 
admitted free of the Merchants' Company 4 Nov., 1678. He was sheriff of 
Newcastle by mandamus in 1687. In the early part of the eighteenth 
century he acquired the small estate of Wooden in the parish of Lesbury, 
and by will dated 25 Nov., 1719, gave it to his nephew, Henry Gill in 
tail male, with remainder to his (testator's) two nieces, Elizabeth, wife of 
Ralph Lazenby, and Frances, wife, or widow, of ... . Dawson of Hexham. 
It seems probable that the three devisees were children of the testator's 
half-brother, Joseph Gill, Nonconformist minister at Hexham. Samuel Gill 
was buried in St. George's porch in St. Nicholas', 26 October, 1720. Henry 
Gill's only son, John Gill, M.D., was residing in Edinburgh in 1748 and 
1774, but subsequently settled at Kinsale in the Kingdom of Ireland. 



183 

[1687/8. Feb.]. In this month there was a paper conteining yt 
the subscriber should give his vote and interest to elect such mem- 
bers in ye Corporacon to bee Burgesses in Parliament as ye King 
should recommend, they being members of ye Church of England 
and freemen of ye Corporacon, offered to ye burgesses of Newcastle 
and by ye Bishop of Durham to ye free men in Durham : an engine 
us'd for to repeale the penall laws against all dissenters and recusants, 
and those other laws that support ye church establish' d. 
Sign'd this paper : 

Mr. Samuel Gill. 

Mr. Robert Wetwang. 1 

Mr. John Eden. 2 

Mr. Edward Green. 3 

Mr. Edward Grey. 4 

Mr. John Pickells. 5 

1 Robert Wetwang, son of John Wetwang of Newcastle, gent., was 
apprenticed 11 November, 1665, to John Strangeways, draper, and was 
admitted free of the Merchants' Company, 26 March, 1675. His father, a 
member of the ancient family of Wetwang of Dunston in the parish of 
Embleton, had been a naval captain and made himself feared in the Dutch 
wars in the time of Charles II. John Wetwang was subsequently master 
of the Trinity House of Newcastle and was knighted at Whitehall on the 
20 Nov., 1680. Robert Wetwang was buried at or in the old church of 
All Saints, 30 Mar., 1698. By Isabella Fell, his wife, he had (perhaps 
with other) issue two sons, both of whom apparently died young; and five 
daughters. 

2 John Eden, son of John Eden of West Auckland, was apprenticed 
1 Sept., 1662, to Sir Nicholas Cole, knight and boothman, and was admitted 
free of the Merchants' Company, 26 Mar., 1675. He was brother to Sir 
Robert Eden, created a baronet 13 Nov., 1672. John Eden died 12 July, 
1696. 

3 Of Edward Green little is known. He, or a kinsman of that name, 
was churchwarden of All Saints in 1653, 1662 and 1685; and in the 
month of July, 1655, an Edward Green had some dispute with the Host- 
men's Company about some keels he had taken (see Dendy, Newcastle 
Hostmen, p. 104. In the old church of All Saints there were monumental 
inscriptions to Joshua Green, merchant adventurer, with the arms a chevron 
between three fleurs-de-lis, and to John and Michael Green, confectioners, 
with the arms on a fess between three roundels each charged with a lion's 
head erased, a griffin passant between two escallop shells. 

4 Edward Grey, son of George Grey, deceased, of Newcastle, master and 
mariner, was apprenticed 12 April, 1676 to George Pescod and was admitted 
to the freedom of the Hostmen 's Company, 9 February, 1683/4. He rose 
high in that Company and took a leading part in founding and erecting the 
Keelmen's Hospital, and, as appears by an inscription above the entrance, 
he was one of the original trustees. He served as churchwarden of All 
Saints for the year 1685. His first wife, Magdalen, was buried there 
20 June, 1691; his second wife, Sarah, on the 19 Dec, 1703, and no doubt 
he himself lies among the unnumbered dead in that ancient cemetery. 

5 John Pickells, scrivener and notary public, was churchwarden of 
All Saints in 1682. As a scrivener he witnessed a deed dated 17 Jan., 
1676/7, relating to property on the Quayside, and as a notary public, was 



184 

1687/8. Mar. 17. Then turned out Aldermen Robson, Fen wick, 
Aubonye, and William Johnson j and on. their roome Mr. Ralph Wid- 
drington 6 of ye Grange ; Ralph Brandling 7 of Fellen, esq. ; Henry 
Jenison 8 of Newcastle, and Ralph Elstob 9 of ye same, mercer, which 
are named in ye additional charter geven this town© by this King, 
James the Second. 

[Ralph Elstob dy'd shortly after, and in his place named young 
Esq. Brabant. 10 ] 

[1688]. From April 1st such great and soe many shoures of 
snow, as hath nott been within the remembrance of maun all that 
season, till 9th instant. 

witness to an indenture dated 15 April, 1689, between John March, vicar 
of Newcastle, and John Coatsworth of South Shields, master and mariner, 
concerning two salt pans at South Shields. Cf. Arch. Ael., 2 ser. vol. xxiv., 
p. 136, and 3 ser. vol. v., p. 141. 

G Ralph Widdrington of Cheeseburn Grange, was third son of Sir Henry 
Widdrington of Black Heddon, and nephew of Sir Thomas Widdrington of 
Cheeseburn Grange, Speaker of the House of Commons : he was alive 2 Aug.,. 
1704, but died before 25 April, 1708. 

7 Ralph Brandling, described as of Felling, was third son of Charles 
Brandling of Alnwick Abbey, and stepson of Sir Richard Neile, already 
mentioned, and ultimately heir of his brother Robert Brandling of Alnwick 
Abbey. Born 7 Dec, 1662, he was admitted to Gray's Inn, 29 May, 1685. 
By his marriage with Anne, daughter and sole heir of John Leghe of 
Middleton in the parish of Rothwell, Yorkshire, he acquired that estate 
and dying s.p. devised the same to his brother Charles Brandling. 

8 Henry Jenison, second son of Sir Ralph Jenison of Newcastle acd of 
Elswick by his first wife, Barbara, duaghter of Henry Bowes of Newcastle, 
merchant and alderman, was born circa 1644 and was admitted by patri- 
mony in October, 1668, to the freedom of the Company of Merchant 
Adventurers. He was sheriff of Newcastle in 1674, and dying 19 Aug., 
1703, he was buried in St. Nicholas'. He left issue. 

9 Ralph Elstob, son of Charles Elstob of Foxton, in the county of 
Durham, was apprenticed 1 April, 1662, to Robert Rutter of Newcastle, 
draper, and was admitted free of the Merchants' Company, 24 April, 1672. 
He married at All Saints, 20 Oct., 1672, Jane, daughter of William Hall 
of Newcastle, merchant. He was sheriff of Newcastle in 1685, but dying 
in 1688, was buried in St. Nicholas' on the 13 April. He left issue 
three young children, of whom two, William and Elizabeth, became the 
Saxon scholars whose biography is given in Mr. Richard Welford's Men 
of Mark. 

10 Sir Henry Brabant was the son of John Brabant of Pedgbank in the 
county of Durham, and was apprenticed 2 Feb., 1636/7, to Alexander Davison 
of Newcastle, boothman, being admitted to the freedom of the Merchants' 
Company, 2 July, 1647. He held the Stuart doctrine of the Divine Right 
of Kings and its corollary of Implicit Obedience, as to profess that ' if 
the King should command him to kill a man in cold blood, he took himself 
bound in conscience and duty to execute his commands.' Such dutiful 
sentiments procured from Charles II. the office of Collector of Customs. 
He was sheriff of Newcastle in 1662 and mayor in 1667 and 1685. In the 
latter year he appears to have been knighted, although no record of the 
fact has been preserved in the official lists or shown in Shaw, Knights of 
England, but he was buried in St. Nicholas' on the 15 June, 1687, as 
' S r Henry Brabant, knt. alderman.' 



185 

1688. May 2. My kind friend, Mr. John Squire, by fall of 
horse in Chester lane, was struck dead. 



[Then follow in the original MS. an account of the bishops who- 
ordered the King's Declaration for Liberty of Conscience to be read 
in their dioceses, of whom Dr. Nathaniel Crewe, Bishop of Durham, 
was one, and the committal to the Tower of the Seven Contuma- 
cious Bishops who did not order the King's Declaration to be read.] 

[1688]. June 12. A rejoycing day kept att Newcastle for a 
young Prince of Wales, who was borne ye 8th instant. 

[1688]. June 12. The said bishops 11 by habeas corpus was 
brought to ye King's Bench and their peerage over-ruld, they entred 
into a recognizance to appear the 29th instant. 

[1688]. June 29. The said bishops appeared and the debate 
held from 9 in the morn till 7 att night; the Courte was divided, 
viz., Wright 12 and Allibone 13 for the King, Halloway 14 and Powell 15 

"The story of the Seven Bishops, their moral courage, trial and 
acquittal, has been told once and for all by Macaulay in the eighth chapter 
of his History of England. 

12 Sir Eobert Wright, son of Jerome, otherwise Jermyn, Wright of 
Wangford, Suffolk, was educated at Thetford school and Peterhouse > 
Cambridge, where he matriculated 23 Dec, 1653, B.A. 1657, M.A. 1661, 
admitted to Lincoln's Inn, 14 June, 1654; M.P. for King's Lynn, 1668; 
sergeant-at-law, 12 May, 1680: Eecorder of Cambridge, 1685; Justice of 
King's Bench, 23 Oct., 1685; being 'poor, dissolute and shameless, he had 
become one of the parasites of Jeffreys, was promoted him ' to be Lord Chief 
Justice of England, 22 April, 1687, ' over the heads of many abler and more 
learned men solely on account of his unscrupulous servility (Macaulay, 
Hist, of England, cap. vin). Imprisoned at the Eevolution he died of a 
fever in Newgate, 18 May, 1689. His portrait by Eiley was engraved by 
Eobert White. 

13 Sir Eichard Allibone, son of Job Allibone, or Allibond, of Dagenham, 
Essex, was born circa 1636 and educated at the English College at Douay, 
at which he was entered 24 Mar., 1652. He was admitted to Gray's Inn* 
27 April, 1663; sergeant-at-law 1687. ( Even more ignorant of the law 
than Wright, and who as a Eoman Catholic was incapable of holding office ' 
he was appointed a Judge of the King's Bench in 1687 by the dispensing 
power." Dying at Holborn, 22 Aug., 1688, he was buried at Dagenham. He 
had a local connection with the North of England, for his wife was Barbara 
Blakiston of the family of Blakiston of Gibside. 

14 Sir Eichard Holloway, son of John Holloway, Official to the Arch- 
deacon of Berkshire, was admitted to the Inner Temple, 7 Feb., 1634, and 
called to the bar 24 Nov., 1658; Eecorder of Wallingford, 1666; sergeant-at- 
law, 1677; and Justice of the King's Bench, 25 Sept., 1683. His conduct at 
the trial of the Seven Bishops was such as to blot out all previous short- 
comings ; but he was excepted out of the Act of Indemnity of 2 William and 
Mary, and is stated to have died circa 1695. 

15 Sir John Powell, son of John Powell of Llanvard, otherwise of Ken- 
ward, Carmarthenshire, a pupil of Jeremy Taylor was admitted to Gray's 
Inn, 12 Nov., 1650. He was made serjeant-at-law, 21 April, 1686; justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas, 26 April, 1686, and transferred to King'a 
Bench, 16 April, 1687. His 'character for honesty stood high,' and hia 



186 

for the bishops ; itt was left to ye jury, and att 7 next morning they 
brought them in Nott Guilty, for which there was soe great rejoycing 
by ringing of bells, etc., in Newcastle on the third and fourt dayes 
of July as never was, since King Charles the 2nd was restor'd : — 
rung all night. 

[1688]. June 22. Being sett forward for London, I returned 
home the 23rd. sick and so continued till 28. 

[1688]. June 28. Dr. Crew, 16 Bishop of Durham, was his 
visitacon att Newcastle, and summonsd all the clergy there and in 
Northumberland, to meet him, who did soe. His questions were : 
If they had received and rea.d the King's Declaracon for Liberty of 
Conscience in their severall churches, according to order, on the third 
and tenth instant? Their reply, that they had received itt, and 
none of them read itt, butt the refuse of the clergy. It was not read 
in any church in Newcastle. The Bishop went home the same day, 
being little respected by any, clergy or laity, for there were but five 
black coates att dinner, and not an alderman butt two, Edward Wid- 
drington and Thomas Partis, the former a papist, the latter a phana- 
tick, the Recorder Barnes, and ye Sheriffe, Samuel Gill. 

[1688]. July 1. A day kept for the solemnizing the birth of the 
young prince. 

[1688]. July 6. I gott a relapse, and was indisposed till the 
12. 

1688. Aug. 3. This day our new charter for Newcastle came 
home, and was mett with fourty six horsemen, gentlemen and their 
servants. The persons named for the magistracy in that charter 
were as follows : — 

S r William Creagh, maior. 

Mr. Thomas Radcliffe 17 of Dilston. 

Edward Widdrington, esq. 

Ralph Brandling, esq. 

Ralph Widdrington, esq., of the Grange. 

Nicholas Cole, esq. 

Ambrose Barnes, whigg. 

William Hutchinson, merchant, whigg. 

Thomas Partis, smoaker, whigg. 

Jonathan Hutchinson, merchant, whigg. 

•conduct at the trial of the Seven Bishops brought him immortal fame. He 
died at Exeter, 7 Sept., 1696, and was buried at Broadway in Carmarthen- 
shire. His portrait is in the National Portrait Gallery. There seems to 
have been a contemporary Sir John Powell also a judge. 

16 Of Nathaniel Crewe, Baron Crewe, the least estimable of the long 
line of distinguished men who have been Bishops of Durham, there is a 
little known life in Camden Miscellany, vol. ix., Camden Society publica- 
tions, new series, No. 53. Cf. Dictionary of National Biograi>hy. 

17 Thomas Radcliffe, the third son of Sir Francis Radcliffe, 3rd baronet, 
who, in 1688, was created Earl of Derwentwater, was born 9 July, 1658, and 
entering the army attained the rank of lieutenant-colonel in 1688. He died 
in exile at Douay, 29 Dec, 1715. 



187 

Mr. John Errington, papist. 

Joseph Barnes, Deputy Recorder, whigg. 

Mr. Samuel Gill, merchant, Sheriff, whigg. 

[1688]. Aug. 13. Newcastle and Northumberland Assizes: — 
Judges : Lord Chief Justice Wright, Baron Jenner. 18 

The former satt the Nisi prius ; the latter, the Crown side. 
Sheriff e for the county, Sir Richard Neile. 19 

1688. Sept. 15. My wife was delivered of a female child 
betwixt three and foure a clock in the morning. 

[1688]. Sept. 25. My child christ'ned Margaret, p. Mr. Joseph 
Bonner, 20 curate. Sureties: John Hindmarsh, esq.; 1 Madam Jane 
Robson, 2 Mrs. Margaret Ive. 3 

1688. Oct, 28, Sunday. My child Margaret dyed betwixt 

18 Sir Thomas Jenner, son of Thomas Jenner of Mayfield, Sussex, was 
educated at Tunbridge Grammar School and at Queen's College, Cambridge. 
He was admitted to the Inner Temple, 1659; was sergeant-at-law, 23 Jan., 
1683/4; recorder of London, 1685; baron of the Exchequer, 13 Feb., 1686/7; 
Justice of the Common Pleas, 6 July, 1688; was one of the Special Com- 
mission sent to James II. to visit Magdalen College. At the* Revolution 
he fled with James II., but was captured at Faversham and was excepted 
from the Act of Indemnity of 2 William and Mary. Dying at Petersham, 
1 Jan., 1707, he was buried in the church there. He was ancester of 
Jenner-Fust, baronets. 

19 Sir Eichard Neile was a younger son of Sir Paul Neile of Hutton 
Bonville and grandson of Richard Neile, successively Bishop of Durham 
and Archbishop of York. He was knighted 29 Nov., 1686, and married 
Anne, widow of Charles Brandling of Alnwick Abbey, with whom he 
acquired Plessey in the parish of Stannington. He died 3 Mar., 1692/3. 

20 The Rev. Joseph Bonner, son of Timothy Bonner of Newcastle, 
merchant, was baptized at St. Nicholas', 8 Dec, 1661, and was educated at 
University College, Oxford, where he matriculated, 15 Dec, 1677; B.A., 
1681; curate of All Saints, Newcastle, 1688-1695; vicar of Bolam, 1695; 
and died, 8 Oct., 1721, leaving issue. 

1 John Hindmarsh of Little Benton, was born at Wallsend circa 1649, 
educated at Newcastle school and at Christ College, Cambridge, where he 
matriculated, 6 July, 1665, and was admitted to Gray's Inn, 5 June, 1667. 
He married at All Saints,- Newcastle, 4 October, 1679, Julian, daughter and 
co-heir of Thomas Dent of Newcastle, merchant, by whom he had (perhaps 
with other) issue, two sons and two daughters. He was buried at All 
Saints, 31 July, 1694. 

2 Madam Jane Robson, wife of the Timothy Robson mentioned above. 

3 Mrs. Margaret Ive was the Diarist's mother-in-law. Richardson states 
that down to 1816 there was on a flat stone in St. Nicholas' church the 
following inscription: — 

' The burial place of Roger Ive, citizen and stationer of London, 
and Margaret, his wife and children, anno 1671. Edward, his son, 
departed this life, Aug. 7, 1671 ..... Margaret, their daughter, 
departed this life the 25 of February, anno 1687. Elizabeth, their 
daughter, marryd with Mark Browel, gent., they had issue betwixt 
them, Margaret and Edward. Margaret dyd 28 of October, anno 
1688. She dyd 9* h of September, anno 16S9. 



188 

tenn and eleven in the forenoon© , soe shee lived six weekes, one day 
and seaven houres ; distemper, convulsions in her bowells. 

[1688]. Oct, 30, Tuesday. She was buried att St. Nicholas 
church att 3 in the afternoone by Mr. William Drake, 4 curate, and 
laid on the north side of her grandfather's stone. Bidder, Nicholas 
Sackeild; 5 Servers, Mrs. Katherine Snow, 6 Mrs. Margaret Clark. 7 

[1688]. Oct. 1. Mr. William Hutchinson chosen maior of 
Newcastle, and Mr. Matthias Partis 8 , sheriff e. 

[1688]. Oct. 10. To attend Mr. Elison's comfmission] att Mor- 
peth; putt of till the 15. 

1688. Nov. 5. Then was restored to the Corporacon of Newcastle 
upon Tyne, their antient Charter, with their liberties and franchises, 
with their magistracy, and all other things as in the yeare 1679 ; all 
innovations and changes which since that time happened, being by 
proclamacon taken away. 

The Magistrates are as follow : — 
Nicholas Ridley, esq.. Mayor. 
Sir William Blacket, 
Sir Ralph Jenison. 
Sir Ralph Carr. 
Timothy Davison, esq. 
Timothy Robson, esq. 
George Mourton, esq. 
Nicholas Fenwick, esq. 
William Aubonie, esq. 
William Carr, 9 esq., new one. 
John Rumney, 10 esq., new one. 
William Ramsay, esq., new one. 

4 The Rev. William Drake, stipendiary curate of St. Nicholas', 1678 J 
stipendiary curate of St. Andrews, 1688-1689; buried at St. Nicholas', 24 
May, 1693. 

5 Nicholas Salkeld. 

6 Mrs. Katherine Snow. The Snow family had a burial place in the 
north aisle of the old church of All Saints. 

7 Query Margaret, wife of Charles Clarke, barber-surgeon ; if so, she 
died 30 Mar., 1683, and was buried in the chancel of St. John's. 

8 Mathias Partis, son of Thomas Partis of Newcastle, tobacconist, was 
baptized at St. Nicholas', 26 Feb., 1654/5. He was sheriff of Newcastle in 
1688. He was buried at St. Nicholas', 2 Jan., 1717/8. His descendants 
became possessed of Tallentire hall in Cumberland. 

9 Perhaps the William Carr who was mavor of Newcastle in 1702 and 
M.P. in 1689, 1702, 1705, and 1708. 

10 John Ramsay, who was an alderman of Newcastle in 1688. 



189 

Matthew White, 11 esq., Sheriff. 

Sir Robert Shaftoe, 12 Recorder. 
Coroners : — 

Mr. George Winfield. 13 

Mr. William Bootflower. 14 
1688. Nov. 4. The Dutch anchored in England, and the 5th 
landed at Dartmouth, Turbay and Exmouth in the West. 



11 Matthew White, son of Miles White of Hawthorn in the county of 
Durham, baptized at Easington, 12 Mar., 1653/4, was apprenticed 1 Feb., 
1668/9, to Nicholas Fenwiek, boothman, and was admitted free of the 
Merchants' Company, 21 Mar., 1678/9, of which Company and that of the 
Hostmen's he in due* cause became Governor. He was Mayor of Newcastle 

in 1691 and 1703, and dying on the 12 of Oct., 1716, he was buried in the 
old church of All Saints, under a stone, with the arms three cocks heads 
erased, recording that by Jane, his wife, he had issue ten children. 

12 Sir Robert Shafto, eldest surviving son of Mark Shafto of Gray's Inn 
and of Whitworth, baptized, 13 May, 1634, and was entered to Gray's Inn 
at the age of six years on the 16 Mar., 1640/1, and was made Recorder of 
Newcastle in 1660. He was knighted, 26 June, 1670. and made a sergeant- 
at-law, 21 April, 1675. Dying 21 May, 1705, aged 72, he was buried in St. 
George's porch in St. Nicholas'. By his wife, Catherine, daughter and 
co-heir of Sir Thomas Widdrington, of Cheeseburn Grange, Speaker of the 
House of Commons, he left issue. 

13 George Whinfield, son of George Whinfield, late of Bridge-end in 
Woodland (query Bolland) in Lancashire, was apprenticed 2 Feb., 1660/1, 
to Henry Bowes, the elder, of Newcastle, draper, and was admitted free 
of the Merchants' Company, 27 April, 1670. He was sheriff of Newcastle 
in 1693, and mayor in 1696. Dying in his second mayoralty, on the 25 June, 
1710, he was buried in St. Nicholas'. 

14 William Boutflower, son of Thomas Boutflower of Apperley in the 
parish of Bywell St. Peter, was apprenticed 14 April, 1675, to Benezer 
Durant, mercer, and was admitted free of the Merchants' Company, 9 Oct., 
1684. He was sheriff of Newcastle in 1701, and was buried at St. Nicholas', 
26 May, 1712. He was married twice, and left issue by both marriages. 



190 



THE FAMILY OF MARK AKENSIDE THE POET. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Mark Akenside of Newcastle the elder, the entries of whose family 
in Diodati's Annotations on the Bible are now printed, was a, younger 
son of Abraham Akenside of Each wick, in the parish of Heddon on 
the Wall. The latter represented a Protestant Nonconformist family 
of small landowners, who, like their more opulent neighbours, placed 
their younger sons as apprentices: to tradesmen and merchants in 
Newcastle. The main line of the family seems to have ended in 
William Akenside, a captain of the 14th regiment of Foot, who died 
on the 22nd of October, 1830. 

Having obtained the freedom of the Butchers' Company, appar- 
ently by apprenticeship, Mark Akenside established himself in busi- 
ness as a butcher, and on the 5th of September, 1710, being then of 
the parish of St. Nicholas, he took out a licence to marry Mary 
Lumsden, of the parish of All Saints, spinster. The marriage was 
celebrated in St. Nicholas on the 10th of October, and it is not 
improbable that Mrs. Akenside may have been a member of a family 
of Lumsden, seated at Morpeth for some generations. The date of 
his death has not been ascertained, but he was living in 1741, in which 
year he voted at the Newcastle election as a member of his Company, 
for William Carr and Matthew Ridley. 

The extracts from Diodati's book possess such an exceptional 
interest that their inclusion in the present volume may be justified ; 
they were made by some person connected with the Unitarian Church 
in Newcastle (to which the Akensides belonged) from the original 
and are preserved in the Registers of the Church of Divine Unity. 



191 



THE FAMILY OF MARK AKENSIDE. 



Mark Akinside 1 his Booke. 

Memorandum — 

Mark Akinside was married to Mary 2 his wife, in ye 10 of October, 
1710. 

My daughter Ruth was born the 26th of July, 1711, aboute a 
leevin a clock at night, and was baptized the 4th of August, and she 
departed this life ye third of December, 1712. 

My son Thomas 3 was born the 20th of June, 1712, aboute two 
a clock at afternoon and was baptized June ye 28th. 

My daughter Mary was born ffebr. the 8th, 1715[16] aboute 
a leevine cloke night and was baptized March ye 1st. 

My daughter Jane was born Deer, ye 16, 1717, between eliven 
and twelve at night and was baptized Jane r y the 9th. 

My daughter Dority 4 was born Aug. ye 23, 1719, and was bap- 

1 Mark Akenside had a brother, Abraham Akenside, also a butcher in 
Newcastle who, at the election of 1741, voted as a member of the Butchers' 
Company for Blackett and Ridley. He made his will on the 9 Dec, 1749, 
and after providing for the children of his nephew, John Wilkinson, he 
gave for a term of years a rent-charge of £4< per annum charged on his 
messuage in Butchers' Bank to his nephew, William Akenside. He gives 
to his niece, Dorothy, daughter of his late brother, Maik Akenside, <£20; 
and after mention of his niece, Mary Softley and her children, he gives 
the residue to his brother Aaron Akenside to be disposed of among such 
of his relatives as he should think proper. Ex. Mr. Richard Welford's 
Collections. 

2 Wednesday died in the 76th year of her age, after a lingering illness, 
at her son-in-law's house in the Close, Mrs. Akenside, mother of the learned 
and ingenious Dr. Akenside of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London; her 
death is much regretted by all her acquaintance. Newcastle Courant, 
5 July, 1760. 

3 Thomas Akenside, eldest son of Mark Akenside, born in 1712, was 
probably educated, like his famous younger brother, at the Grammar 
School of Newcastle. He was apprenticed on the 25 th of April, 1728, to 
George Punshon of Newcastle, surgeon, and after completing his appren- 
ticeship, he was admitted to the freedom of the Company of Barber- 
surgeons. As a member of that Company he voted at the Newcastle 
election of 1741, plumping for William Carr. On the 6 th of October, 1742, 
he took out a licence to marry Sarah Airey of the parish of All Saints, 
spinster, aged 23 years : the bondsman being Alexander Williamson of 
Newcastle, surgeon. Subsequently he left Newcastle, and his death was 
announced in the Newcastle Courant of 27 February, 1748, as follows : — 
' We hear that Mr. Thomas Akenside, some time ago an eminent surgeon 
in this town, died suddenly at London.' 

4 Dorothy, third daughter of Mark Akenside the elder, born 1719, was 
married at St. Nicholas', 4 Jan., 1759, to Joseph Addison. In the marriage 
licence he is described as of the parish of St. Nicholas', glazier, aged 30 : 
the bondsman was Aaron Akenside of Newcastle, house-carpenter, who 



192 

tized Sept. ye 7th, ye day of her birth being Sabith day about two 
a clock in ye morning. 

November ye 9, 1721. 

My son Mark 5 was born aboute eight a clock at night, and was 
baptized ye 30th of Novr. 

1723. 23 Sept 1 *. My wife was delivered of a daughter, but was 
not born alive. 

1725. May 16. My wife was delivered of a son, but was not born 
alive. 

1727. Xber the 9th. My daughter Mary was born, betwixt 
aleeven and twelve a. clock at night and was baptized by the Rev. 
Dr. Lamuell Lathem. 6 

Oct. 30, 1719. My daughter Mary departed this life. 

was also an attesting witness to the marriage. Joseph Addison voted 
as a glazier at the Newcastle elections in 1777 and 1780. He resided 
in the Close, and lived until 1805; when his death was announced in 
the Newcastle Courant of the 12th of January : — ' On Tuesday last, aged 
■81, Mr. Joseph Addison, painter and glazier, and a proprietor of the 
Skinner Burn pottery near this town.' The date of Dorothy Addison's 
death has not been ascertained, but her husband married a second wife, 
at the sale of whose effects in 1812, Mark Akenside \s family bible was sold. 

5 Mark Akenside, the poet and physician, second son of Mark Akenside 
the elder, was born as mentioned in the text on the 9 Nov., 1721, and 
was baptised on the 30th of the same month by the Rev. Benjamin Bennet, 
the famous minister of the Close-Gate meeting. He was educated first 
at the Royal Grammar School and afterwards at a private school kept 
by William Wilson, a member of the Close-Gate meeting, proceeding to 
the University of Edinburgh when in his eighteenth year, with a view to 
entering the ministry of the church. In less than a year he abandoned 
that intention for the study of medicine. His best known poem on The 
Pleasures of Imagination must have been composed immediately after 
leaving the university, for it was published in the month of January, 
1743/4. Like many other ambitious students of medicine, he kept his 
terms at Leyden, and according to the Index to English Speaking Students 
who have graduated at that famous university, he took his degree on the 
7 th of April, 1744. It has been stated that he commenced to practice in 
Newcastle, but this statement apparently rests on confusing him with his 
eldest brother. After practising in Northampton for a short time he 
removed to London where he attained considerable eminence, and was 
elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on the 8th of February, 1753. His 
death is announced in the Newcastle Courante of 30 June, 1770: — 'Sunday, 
died at his house in London, Mark Akenside, esq., M.D., physician to Her 
Majesty, a native of this town, author of the Pleasures of Imagination 
and several other admirable pieces, and whose sole merit raised him to his 
late dignity.' 

6 Lemuel Latham, M.D., of Sunderland, where he practiced medicine 
as well as exercised the pastoral office, married the daughter of the Rev. 
Benjamin Bennet, the minister of the Close-Gate meeting already men- 
tioned. In 1728 he published some of his father-in-law's sermons Under 
the title The Second Part of the Christian Oratory, and in 1730, another 
series entitled The Truth, Inspiration and Usefulness of the Scripture 
Asserted and Proved. Dr. Latham died in his 75th year on Sunday, 
15 Nov., 1767, and was buried at Bishopwearmouth. His only daughter, 
with a fortune of £2,000, was married at the parish church of Tynemouth, 
on the 22 June, 1772, to ... . Watson of North Shields, brewer. 



193 



TWO LETTERS OF BISHOP WARBURTON. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Doctor William Warburton, Prebendary of Durham and Bishop 
of Gloucester, was born at Newark, 24th December, 1698, being the 
son of George Warburton, the town-clerk of that place. Educated 
at Oakham Grammar School, he was articled in 1714 to an East 
Markham attorney, and on the completion of his articles returned 
to his native place to practice his profession, occasionally helping his 
kinsman, the Master of the Grammar School, as an assistant master. 
Having made up his mind to take holy orders, he was ordained deacon 
in 1723 by the Archbishop of York, and priest in 1727. His prefer- 
ment was as follows: — Incumbent of Greasley, 1727; Hon. M.A., 
Cambridge, 1728; incumbent of Brant Broughton, 1728-1759; in- 
cumbent of Frisby, 1730-1756; chaplain of Prince of Wales, 1738; 
preacher of Lincoln's Inn, 1746 ; prebendary of Gloucester, 1753- 
1755; chaplain to the King, and D.D. (Lambeth), 1754; prebendary 
of the first stall of Durham, 1755-1779 ; Dean of Bristol, 1757-1759 ; 
Bishop of Gloucester, 1759-1779. 

As a controversial writer his activity was great. His best work 
is considered to be on the Alliance between Church and State, pub- 
lished in 1736, but that by which he is remembered is The Divine 
Legation of Moses, in two parts, published in 1737 and 1741. In 1745 
he attacked Mark Akenside the poet (see p. 190 supra), and later 
Bishop Pococke (see p. 199 post). By his wife, Gertrude Tucker whom 
he married 5th September, 1745, he had an only surviving son, 
intended for the bar, who died in his father's life-time at the age 

of 19. 

13 



194 

Bishop Warburton died at Gloucester 7th June, 1779, and was 
buried in the Cathedral there. His portrait by Hoare, preserved 
in the Bishop's Palace at Gloucester, was engraved by Hall ; and there 
is a memoir of him in the Dictionary of National Biography . 

The originals of the following letters are preserved at Bishop 
Auckland, and they are included in this series by the kindness of the 
Bishop of Durham, who in 1913 struck off a few copies for private 
distribution. They were addressed to Ralph Allen of Prior Park,, 
near Bath, Warburton's uncle by marriage, and his very kind friend. 



195 



WILLIAM WARBURTON TO RALPH ALLEN OF PRIOR PARK. 

Honoured Sir, 

I have now been near a week at Durham ; and tho' I 
came during a cessation of eating, that is, between the going out of 
one prebendary and the coming in of another, I have done nothing 
but feast from morning to night. 

The town is finely situated. It hangs upon an eminence over 
the River Weir, which runs almost round it. Most of the prebendal 
houses stand on the western bank, 1 and have a. delicious view to the 
opposite hill, which, together with this, make the vally, thro' which 
the river runs. The opposite hill, in full view of the town, is 
inriched with a beautiful wood or thicket, thro' which a riding or 
avenue is cut. And this wood belongs (with another, at a greater 
distance and much larger extent) to your humble servant, as part of 
his corps. But I have not a view of my own, wood. For my house 
stands on the other side of the college area. It is better than some 
others, and those which are better than it are made so by modern 
improvements ; such as that which was the Bishop of Gloucester's, 2 
and that which is S r John Dolben's, and some others who live in this 
country and reside pretty much here. My house is more regular in 
the front than any other. It is what you call a half H. There are 
five rooms on a floor, chambers and garret, with all convenience of 
stabling and outhouses. The great room for entertainment, being 
scarce so good as any of [those I] have seen in these prebendal houses, 
being much of the bandbox fashion. In the repairs or alterations of 
our prebendal houses the Chapter allows all timber, boards and wood 
of all kinds, for roofs, rafters, floors, wainscot, etc., which is a good 
article ; and I suppose was intended as an encouragement for improve- 
ments and repairs. 

The under-treasurer of the Church, whom I employ as my agent 
to take care of all my matters, has given me a rental of my corps, 
which is exactly the same I sent you from London. It is the third in 
value in the Church, tho' the first in order : being called the first 
prebend and the stall next the Sub-dean's. The two others, that ex- 
ceed it in value, are S** John Dolben's and the late Bp. of Gloucester's, 
now Steam's. S r J. Dolben's is the best, but not, all out, one 
hundred pounds a year more than mine. Stearn is •* little under 
S r J. D.'s. Tho' common report as usual has made S r J. Dolben's eight 
hundred pounds a year and Steam's between seven and eight ; whereas 

1 - One of the curiosities ' of the first of the two letters, writes the 
Bishop of Durham, ' is the strange lapse of thought by which Warburton 
places the houses at the upper end of the College on the west bank of the 
River Wear.' 

2 Martin Benson, Bishop of Gloucester, who was prebendary of the 
Second, or Golden Stall from 1723 to his death, 30 August, 1752. 



196 

S r John's without the 50 11 allowance (which as he lives altogether in 
Durham he rightly reckons as part of his revenue) is not GOO 11 . 3 

I hope you and my aunt continue well. Were Durham no further 
off than Gloucester, I am sure she and you would take great delight in 
it. As it is, the agreeableness of the country without you is nothing. 
I beg my best duty to her and am most dear and honour' d 

Sir, your most dutifull nephew 
and devoted servant, 

W. Warburton. 
Durham May 30th 1755. 

Durham, July 27th, 1756. 
Dear Sir, 

I understand from Prior Park that they got a glympse of 
you. But tho' you did them this pleasure, it was all. They could 
not prevail on you to dine with them. 

I am here in residence. Last week, at a general chapter, the 
twelve were found assembled — an adventure that has not happened 
these fifty years — which gave me an opportunity of seeing my breth- 
ren, no common sight I will assure you ; for there is a, prebendary, I 
could name, in this Church, who has never yet seen the face of the 
Dean, 4 tho' he has been possessed of his stall these 14 years. Shall 
I reckon them up to you? S r John Dolben 5 is a gentleman; Dr. 
Sharpe 6 a divine; Dr. Knatohbull 7 what the English call a good 

liver ; Dr. Stearne 8 what the French call a. bon vivan ; Dr. but 

hold I will not turn panegyrist. Suffice it for you to know that 
every one of us being of use to others, or of importance to himselfe, 
we abound in benevolence and politeness. But one, who has just 
deserted us for a bishoprick in Ireland, I must bring you acquainted 
with, that you may understand what bishops we send, or rather what 
bishops we return, thither ; for you will not need to be told that the 

3 The Rev. William Greenwell, under date 13 June, 1913, writes ' As 
far as I am able to judge, I think Warburton refers to the property attached 
to each individual stall and does not take into account the share which 
each prebendary had on the general corps of the Chapter/ 

4 The Hon. Spencer Cowper, Dean of Durham from 1746 to his death, 
25 March, 1774 : buried in the Nine Altars. 

5 Sir John Dolben, bart., prebendary of the sixth stall, 1718, trans- 
ferred to the eleventh stall, in the following year, holding the same to his 
death, 21 Nov., 1756: buried at Finedon, Northamptonshire, of which parish 
he was vicar. 

6 Thomas Sharpe, archdeacon of Northumberland, 1722. prebendary of 
the tenth stall, 1732, until his death, 16 March, 1758 : buried in the Galilee. 

7 William Knatchbull, prebendary of the twelfth stall, 1738, transferred 
to the eleventh stall, 1757, holding the same to his death, 27 Dec, 1760 : 
buried in the Galilee. 

8 Jacques Sterne, prebendary of the second or Golden stall from 1755 
to his death, 9 June, 1759 : buried at Rise, Yorkshire. He was uncle of 
Lawrence Sterne, author of Tristram Shandy. 



197 

hero of my story is a, native of that country. His name is Lesley, 9 
to whom. Lowth has procured Lim/rick in exchange for a large living 
and prebend of this Church, to which Lesley had been some years 
ago advanced by the miserable Chandler, 10 for the merit of marrying 
his niece. When this man went last to Ireland (I think it was to 
perfect his church-bargain) he contrived, in order to secure himselfe 
of a safe and easy passage, that the vane on the top of his house 
should be tied down to the east point. Don't think I tell you a 
flam ; it is a litteral truth. It was, I suppose, a family charm ; he 
might have learnt it of his ancestors, the descendants of those Lap- 
land witches whom King Sweno transplanted into the North of 
Ireland to civilize the savage inhabitants. And you know how 
famous those Sibylls were for selling tyed-up winds. After such an 
exploit, you need not wonder at the success of his voiage ; and indeed, 
by virtue of this new kind of inspiration, he returned a bishop. 
But as a charmer, charm he never so wisely, may do mischief, one 
unluckey circumstance attended his incantations. For while thisi 
intrigue was carrying on between him and his weathercock, S r John 
Dolben was just got out of a tedious illness, and wanted exercise to 
re-establish his health. But as he was to wait for mild weather, he 

9 Doctor James Lesley, Prebendary of Durham, and afterwards Bishop 
of Limerick, is stated to have been son of John Lesley of County Kerry, 
and grandson of John Lesley, rector of Urney in the diocese of Derry. He 
was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and taking holy orders, became 
successively curate of Swords, vicar of Donabate, and perpetual 
curate of St. Nicholas', Dublin. In accordance with the Irish principle 
that their way of supporting Foreign Missions is to export clergy annually 
to evangelise the English, he came into the diocese of Durham, having 
married a grand niece of Bishop Chandler, by whom he was collated to the 
rectory of Wolsingham, 1741-1747, to the eighth stall at Durham, 1743, and 
the rectory of Sedgefield in 1747. In 1755 he was permitted to effect an 
exchange with Doctor Robert Lowth, who had been nominated Bishop of 
Limerick, by which he surrendered his stall and rectory and received the 
see. When at Sedgefield he was accused, almost certainly unjustly, of 
being a Papist in disguise (see Six North Country Diaries, p. 172). 

By his marriage with Joyce, daughter of Anthony Lyster, of Lysterfield, 
County Roscommon, Bishop Lesley had with other issue, the following 
children who were christened in the Cathedral of Durham: — 

Edward Lesley, baptized 5 Jan., 1746; of Wadham College, Oxford, 

matriculated 29 June, 1765; of Middle Temple, barrister-at-law 

1777 ; M.P. for Old Leighlin, 1787-1790 ; created a baronet, 3 Sept., 

1787; died 21 Nov., 1818 s.p.m. 

Richard Lesley, baptized 18 May, 1749; of Wadham College, Oxford, 

matriculated 29 June, 1765; in holy orders. 
Barbara, baptized 9 May, 1744 ; buried at Sedgefield, 12 March, 1748/9. 
Mary Ann, baptized 8 July, 1745, wife of Francis Warren Bonham. 
Elizabeth, baptized 8 Feb., 1747; buried at Sedgefield, 27 March, 1749. 
Also : — 

Katherine Elizabeth, baptized at Sedgefield 22 Oct., 1755. 
Jacosa, buried at Sedgefield 19 Mar., 1749. 
Bishop Lesley died in Limerick, 24 Nov., 1770. 

10 Doctor Edward Chandler, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, was trans- 
lated to Durham in 1730, being confirmed on the 21 st November : he died 
20 h * July, 1750. 



193 

would needs be carried out every day into his garden to see how the 
wind stood. Unluckily no other weathercock was in sight, from 
thence, but Lesley's j and that, still pointed east. The young ladies, 
his daughters, would by no means commit him to his exercise, during 
that inclement quarter; so he was content to wait for a change. 
But the vane, as well it might, continuing steady to its trust, and 
the weather growing warm, the old knight lost all patience; and 
complaining to a friend of this discordancy between wind and 
weather, " I'll be hanged (said the other) if Lesley has not been play- 
ing tricks with his weathercock ; for I remember being with him the 
morning he went away; when a, workman came down stairs, and 
assured the D r he had made all safe." This set them upon enquiry ; 
and the spell, the blockhead had clapt upon the vane became the 
jest and entertainment of the place. 

This wonderful person is at present with us. And by the massi- 
ness of his looks and his unconquered taciturnity (for I tried to touch 
him to the quick) I judge him capable of still greater things. But 
what he has already done (sic) adds reverence to the sacred order, 
and what has been done for him is enough to distinguish this virtuous 
and well judging age. 

You have always my best wishes, which are health and the con- 
tinuance of your chearfullness. Believe me to be, 

My dear friend, your most 

affectionate and faithful servant, 

Ralph Allen, Esq r . n W. Warburton. 

11 Ralph Allen is stated to have been born circa 1694, being son of John 
Allen of St. Blazey, Cornwall, innkeeper. Obtaining a situation in the 
important post office of Bath he attracted the notice of General Wade, 
whose natural daughter, Miss Earl, he married. Having devised a scheme 
of cross-posts for England and Wales, which he was allowed to farm greatly 
to his own advantage, his profits, from 1720 to 1764, according to his 
memoir in the Dictionary of National Biography, averaging d£12,000 a year. 
He also became proprietor of extensive quarries near Bath, out of which 
he built himself a fine mansion house which he called Prior Park. Here 
he used his wealth in benevolence and hospitalty, and he is said to be 
the original of Squire Allworthy in Tom Jones, and to him Fielding- 
dedicated his Amelia. 

By his second marriage, with Elizabeth Holder, Allen had an only child 
Ralph Allen the younger, comptroller in the bye-letter office, who died in his 
father's lifetime. 

Through his influence with Pitt, who sat as member for Bath, Allen 
obtained ecclesiastical preferment for Warburton who had married his 
favourite niece, Gertrude Tucker. 

He died s.p. 29 June, 1764, and was buried at Claverton. By his will 
he gave Prior Park to his wife for her life and after her decease to his 
niece^ Mrs. Warburton, with remainders over. To his brother, Philip 
Allen, postmaster of Bath (who died 17 Oct., 1765) he gave property at 
Hampton and Tiverton. 

Ralph Allen's head, in profile, was painted and etched by W. Hoare ; 
and in the Guildhall of Bath there is a portrait in oils. 

Mrs. Warburton, who married, secondly, the Rev. Martin Smith, 
sometime rector of Fladbury, Worcestershire, succeeded to Prior Park 
and made it her residence. 



199 



NORTHERN JOURNEYS OF BISHOP RICHARD 

POCOCKE. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Richard Pococke, Bishop of Meath, was born at Southampton 
in the year 1704, being the son of the Reverend Richard Pococke, 
master of the Edward VI. Grammar School of that place. He 
matriculated at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 13 July, 1720, and 
graduated B. A. 1725; B.C.L., 1731; D.C.L., 1733. Having influence 
in the Church of Ireland through his maternal uncle, Thomas Milles, 
Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, he took holy orders and settled in 
that kingdom. At the earliest canonical age he was made Precentor 
of Lismore ; he was appointed Vicar-General of Waterford and Lis- 
more in 1734, Precentor of Waterford in 1745, and, in the same 
year, Archdeacon of Dublin. He was appointed Bishop of Ossory in 
1756 and was translated to Meath in 1765. 

The Irish bishops of the eighteenth century have fallen under the 
lash of Macaulay, but their shortcomings were largely due to the 
ecclesiastical and political system of the period under which- the 
Government of the day maintained its position and power through 
the purchase of votes in both Houses of the English Parliament by 
the distribution of titles and sinecure offices in Church and State. A 
close examination and study of the engraved portraits of Irish bishops 
fails to suggest that they were otherwise than learned and respectable 
men. Their misfortune was to draw an official income with no 
opportunity to render corresponding service. Between the years 1733 
and 1742 Pococke made several tours on the Continent of Europe and 
in the East, the result of which he gave to the world in two volumes, 
published respectively in 1743 and 1745, entitled, A Description of 
the East and Some Other Countries, a work which Gibbon in his 
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, cap. fifty-one, note 71, ed. 



200 

Milman, characterizes as a pompous folio. His journeys in England and 
Wales in the years 1750, 1751, 1754, 1756, and 1757, as recorded 
in letters addressed to his sister, Miss Elizabeth Pococke of Newtown, 
near Newbury, Berkshire, have been, printed by the Camden 
Society and form vols. 42 and 44 of the second series of their publi- 
cations. His tours in Scotland in 1747, 1750, and 1760, edited by 
Mr. D. W. Kemp for the Scottish History Society, were printed in 
1887. When in Scotland in 1760, and at the request of the Epis- 
copal community, who had been destitute of bishops for some genera- 
tions, he confirmed in the Episcopal Chapel at Elgin. (See Cotton, 
Fasti Ecclesiae Hibernicae, vol. ii., p. 287.) In his own diocese 
Bishop Pococke did much useful philanthropic work ; he was also the 
founder of the institution now known as the Incorporated Society for 
Promoting English Protestant Schools in Ireland. 

In the garden at Ardbraccan of what (until the disestablishment 
of the Church of Ireland) was the seehouse of the diocese of Meath, 
there are still fine cedars grown from seed brought by Bishop Pococke 
from the Lebanon. 

Bishop Pococke, who was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, 
11 February, 1741/2, died at Charleville when on an episcopal visita- 
tion in the month of September, 1765, and was buried at Ardbraccan. 

His portrait in oils by an unknown artist is preserved at the office 
of the Incorporated Society for Promoting Protestant Schools in 
Ireland, 48, Kildare Street, Dublin ; it is a three-quarters length, 
seated in episcopal robes and wig; and in the unmatched collection 
of engraved portraits of Irish Bishops belonging to Mr. William 
Chamney of Dublin, there is a, small print of another portrait. 

It is believed that the following letters relating to the Bishop's 
journeyings in the North of England in the year 1760, preserved in 
the British Museum, are now printed for the first time. 



201 



LETTERS. 



Darlington 1 in the Bishoprick of Durham, 
May 14th, 1760. 
Dear Madam, 

On the 13th I went to Easby Abbey. 2 The church is an 
oblong square and singular, with handsome Gothic windows. It seems 
to have been built on an old church; the arches of which are fallen 
in, but the old Saxon windows remain. The site of the cloyster to the 
north was large, and adjoyning to it was the refectory, and a building 
that was probably the chapter-house ; over another areh'd building on 
the north iside of the cloyster was another large room and several 
buildings adjoyning which seem to have been the abbot's lodgings. 
The old mill wall remains and part of a very grand barn. 

I went on two miles to Cataric-bridge over the Swale where are 
remains of a chapel ; within a hundred yards of the bridge to the 
south is the north rampart of the old Roman town called Catarac- 
tonium 3 ; which is about 200 yards wide : from this northern rampart 
it extends about a quarter of a mile mostly by the ditch for a little 
more than the length of two fields. The farmer told me he discovered 
the old town wall in ploughing, a*s they did in the third field about 
twenty yards from the ditch ; but no walls are to be seen, except about 
the middle of the east side, where the foundations of a building within 
the wall do appear; but the wall is visible in several places to the 
west on the hanging ground, probably over the river at that time, 
which is now gone about 50 yards further west, and he told me that 
they took up what appear'd to have been an old gateway, and us'd 
the stone in the cornice of the house. They find a. great deal of old 
coin which they all carry to Brugh-hall to Sir 4 Lawson. I 

got two or three of the lower Empire and a fine Tragan (sic) of Middle 
Brass. The legend of the reverse is s p q ro optimo principi s.c. But 
the figure is so much eaten out that I cou'd not discern what it is. I 
saw two small barrows at some little distance to the west, and there is 

1 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14256. 

2 A valuable plan of the Praemonstratensian abbey of St. Agatha at 
Easby may be found in the Archaeological Journal, vol. lxv., p. 332. 

9 See plan of Cataractonium in MacLauchlan, The Watling Street* 
map no. 1. 

*A space is left here. The statement, no doubt, refers to Sir Henry 
Lawson, fourth baronet, who succeeded his father in 1739 and died in 1781. 



202 

a large tumulus at Cataric a mile to the west. Going half a mile 
further I came to the lime-kilns in a quarry of a, kind of freestone in 
which there is much spar ; especially in several cavities of it in which 
it forms round the cavities as christal does in hollow stones. 

I went to Appleton within a mile of Holdenby 5 Castle, where I 
had been in 1747. I returned to Cataric-bridge, and went about 5 
miles in the road towards Peircibridge, and turning to the north came 
in three miles to the Tees, which we forded into the Bishoprick of 
Durham, and came in two miles to Darlington, situated on a rivulet 6 
which is famous for bleaching ; they make here huckabacks 7 of all 
breadths down from 2 yards and a half, and, of late, woollen tamies 8 
for women's ware. They have a church 9 here built in the cathedral 
manner. It was collegiate with a dean and four prebendaries, founded 
by Hugh Pusar, or Pudsey, Bishop of Durham, their walls remain in 
the choir, which within is a mixture of Saxon and G-othic architecture. 
The transept is very handsome Gothic within ; the outside of the body 
and choir and west end are in a beautiful light Gothic style consisting 
of arches supported, or rather adorned, with slender pillars of one 
stone ; a few of them have narrow windows with large sweeps from 
the pillars, which wou'd have been much more beautiful if they had 
been of the full size of the arches. To the south of the church is a 
large court which might be a cloyster and contain the buildings for the 
-chapter and choir ; at the south-east corner is an hospital, which was 
the Bishop's house, in which there are some Saxon windows. 

The copper and lead mines here destroyed most of the fish in the 
Tees in these parts, and they have had a sute to hinder the water 
running into the Tees that comes from the washing of the ore, but 
have been cast. 

In Richmondshire they are great breeders of horses, every farmer 
is a courser, which I believe has greatly corrupted the morals of that 
rank of people. They have also here, and in the Bishoprick, a very fine 
race of black cattle. They have short horns 10 like the Alderney kind, 

5 Hornby, North Riding of Yorkshire, five miles south-west of Catterick. 
•The Skerne. 

7 It is stated that at one time there were upwards of 1,500 (hand) 
looms in Darlington and the neighbourhood. See Longstaffe, Darlington, 
p. 333. 

8 Tammy of obscure derivation ; a fine worsted cloth of good quality 
often with a glazed finish, much mentioned in the seventeenth and 
eighteenth century but apparently obsolete before 1858; revived circa 
1858, see New English Dictionary. 

9 See Mr. (afterwards Sir) G. G. Scott's paper : ' St. Cuthbert's Church, 
Darlington,' in the Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological 
Society of Durham and Northumberland, vol. i., p. 9; and the Rev. J. F. 
Hodgson's paper on ' Darlington and Hartlepool Churches,' Arch. Ael., 
ser. ii, vol. xvii., p. 145. 

10 For an account of the development of the shorthorn which originated 
in this district, see Bates, Thomas Bates and the Kirklevington Shorthorns , 
chapter ii., where the subject is fully investigated. 



203 

but are the largest cattle in Britain, and beautifully marked, most 
■commonly with spots of either red, black, or liver colour on a white 
ground, and some only mixed with white. They say it was a cross 
with the Dutch breed. They are far beyond any cattle I ever saw 
in any part of the world ; the Hungarian come the nearest to them. 

Alstonmore 11 in Cumberland. 

May 16th, 1760. 

Dear Madam, 

We left Darlington on, the 14th in the afternoon and came 
in four miles to Gunsley. 12 The church is curiously situated on an 
eminence, and the rock is cut away on three sides so as to form a 
perpendicular precipice, and this has been done to come at a vein of 
limestone, which is hard and like marble, but there is under it a great 
bed of fine freestone. In a mile we came to Peircebridge on the Tees. 
A small stream 13 falls into the Tees ; and to the west of it was the 
ancient town ; there seemed to have been considerable buildings just 
at the meeting of the rivers where there is a farm house called Corn- 
burry 14 ; but a little to the west is a barn which I thought was at the 
fossee of the town the old Magi. They told me formerly a road went 
there to a ford 15 over the Tees, but going on I discovered at the back 
of the town, to the east of the street, a rampart running east and west 
about 80 yards long, and that is turned on the east towards the river. 
I cou'd not follow it by reason that the houses are built in that direc- 
tion, but it seems to have inclosed the part near the bridge and might 
be between 2 and 300 yards in length from north to south. I at first 
thought this might have been the square citadel and that the rivers 
might have gained to the south. Near the bridge are ruins of a large 
chappel. They find coin here both silver and copper, of the former a 
Julia Soemia (sic). We came on four miles in the turnpike road 
towards Bernard Castle and turning near to the rivulet Garnlees, 16 on 
which Staindrop stands, we turned out of the road to the north, 
having seen what they call Belset 17 on an eminence lower down, over 
the Tees, where there are large ruins which seemed to be of a church. 18 

^Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14256. 

12 There can be no doubt that Coniscliffe is the church and place 
referred to : it is pronounced locally Cunscley. 

13 Query, the Dyance-beck. 

14 Query, Carlbury, where lime-stone was formerly extensively quarried. 
See Hutchinson, Durham, vol. iii., p. 219. 

15 Shown in MacLauchlan's The Watling Street, map no. 1. 

16 The Gaunless. 

17 Barford, or Barforth, opposite Gainford. 

18 On the ordnance map is marked the ruins of a chapel dedicated to 
St. Lawrence. Cf. Proc. Newcastle Soc. of Antiq., 3 ser., vol. n., p. 351. 



204 

We passed by Seleby 19 an old mansion house ; and came to Stain- 
drop, a town that King Canute 20 gave to the Chapter of Durham ; 
it is neatly built, but is something like a, village. The body of the 
church with a large rude tower seems to be old, but the church has 
been improved in part with modern Gothick windows. In the south 
side are two ancient monuments in niches of the wall with the 
couchant statue of a man and a woman in each, such as are made for 
founders or benefactors ; and there are 3 niches for the persons to 
sit in who administered at the altar : the choir seems to have been an 
addition to the church, probably erected by the Nevils, who are com- 
monly said to have built the church. There is a very fine ancient 
monument of the Nevils. It is in the taste of Henry the VII's Chapel ; 
the sides and ends entirely ornamented with Gothick sculpture like 
that chapel ; on it are the couchant statues of Charles Nevill and 
his two wives. Below it is the tomb of Henry, Earl of Westmoreland 
of 1560 ; on it are the couchant statues of his two- wives and on each 
side are four children kneeling within the pillars which support the 
top ; the whole is of wood. 1 

I set out on the 15th and went a mile to Raby Castle, 2 the seat 
of the Earl of Darlington ; it is in a fine situation. The castle is built 
round a court, with a tower near the south-east corner : some ruins 
appear as of another court. There is much room in it, but the most 
remarkable are the great hall 83 feet long and about forty broad as 
I conjectured, and a winter and summer dining and drawing rooms : 
Two fine pieces of water appear like a serpentine river, and one of 
them comes to the house. There are several ornamental buildings in 
and near the park in the Gothick taste, as a bath, an alcove seat, a 
farm house and dog-house. This manner was given by King Canute 
to the Chapter of Durham, and it was held by the Nevils paying a 
small chicfry, who built the castle and resided in it. It has belonged 
to the Vanes since the time of James I., now earl ennobled by the 
title of Darlington. 3 

19 Selaby. 

20 Item Cnut rex dedit Sancto Cuthberto tempore Eadmundi episcopi, 
.... villam quae vocatur Standropa. Cf. Symeon of Durham, p. 151, 
Surt. Soc. publ., No. 51. 

1 These effigies and tombs are described by the Rev. J. F. Hodgson in 
the Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham 
and Northumberland, vol. iii., pp. 105-110. By sacrilegious hands they 
have been displaced in order to make the choir arrangements more fash- 
ionable. 

2 The history of Raby, with plans and architectural description, has 
been told by the Rev. J. F. Hodgson in the Transactions of the Architectural 
and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland, vol. iii., pp. 
113-182; vol. iv., pp. 49-122, 153-260. 

3 Catherine Sedley, the plain looking but witty mistress of James II., 
was created Baroness of Darlington, 2 Jan., 1685/6. 

Sophia Charlotte Platen, wife of Baron Kilmanseck in Hanover, 
mistress of George I., was created Countess of Darlington, 10 April, 1722. 

Henry Vane, third Baron Barnard, was created Earl of Darlington, 
3 April, 1754. 



205. 

I went on through West Awkland, Awkland St. Helens and Awk- 
land St. Andrews to Bishop's Awkland (in all 8 miles) situated on a, 
rising ground over the Wear. The Bishop of Durham has a house 4 
here, built in the time of Edward I. by Bishop Beck ; the house 
was much ruin'd in time of the Civil Wars. Bishop Cosins repair'd 
and enlarged it, and particularly adorned the beautifull Gothick chapel 
which is supported by slender pillars, as I conjectur'd of the stone 
of Frusterly quarry in Wardale, being the same kind of stone, but 
Leland calls it Eggleston stone, the two pillars next to the altar are 
of one stone, but as they were probably taken at the top of the quarry 
they do not polish ; but the coral and other petrifactions appear in 
them. I saw a chimney piece of this marble in Raby Castle which 
is polished, and I took a specimen of it at the quarry. Bishop Cosins 
lies under a flat stone on which there is an inscription. 
• The house, the old hall, and the appartment of a dining saloon, 
&c. are very handsome. Here are pictures of Jacob and the twelve 
Patriarchs by 5 and a fine piece of the four Doctors 

of the Church. 6 

There is a small park adjoyning ; the ground lyes most beautifully 
on the Wear, and a rivulet that runs into it. I walked round by the 
river and close to this park to Binchester, 7 certainly the ancient 

4 See A Brief Historical Account of the Episcopal Castle or Palace of 
Auckland, by the Rev. James Raine, Durham, 1852. The pillars of the 
chapel are of Frosterley marble. 

5 A space is left here. The picture of Benjamin is by Pond, the others 
T)y Zurberan, ibid., p. 108 note. 

c Viz., Augustine, Gregory, Jerome, and Ambrose; the paintings are 
by Bloemart, ibid. 

7 The ' Wrathful Wrens ' of Binchester, as they were styled in the 
Bishopric, have been already mentioned (pp. 8, 12, supra), but there was 
a difficulty in their pedigree which has only been cleared up by the kindness 
of Mr. Farnham Burke, Norroy King of Arms, who has supplied from the 
official records preserved at Heralds' College, the generation omitted in- 
the edition of Dugdale's Visitation of Durham, published by Mr. Joseph 
Foster in 1887. The names and details furnished by Norroy are printed 
in italics : — 

I. William Wren of Sherburn house, near Durham, married for his first 

wife. .... Tippin (Flower's Visitation) and had, with other issue : 

II. William Wren of Sherburn house and Billy-hall, who married 

Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Robert Simpson of Henknoll 
(Flower's Visitation), by whom he had, with other issue : — 

III. Anthony Wren of Billy hall and Binchester, who entered his pedigree 
and obtained a confirmation, or grant, of arms at Flower's Visitation 
in 1575. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Wandesford 
of Kirklington, and dying at Binchester, was buried at Auckland St. 
Andrew, 11 Nov., 1595, having had (perhaps with other) issue : — 

Charles TV. 

Francis Wren of Henknoll, buried at Auckland St. Andrew, 5 Nov., 

1630.4, 
Mary, wife of Sir John Claxton of Nettlesworth. 
Jane, wife of (Sir) Henry Franklin of Oldwark, Yorkshire, 



206 

Continuation of note 7. 

married at Escombe, 3 July, 1592, buried Auckland St.. 
Andrew, 12 Feb., 1605/6. 
[Elizabeth, wife of Brian Downes of Evenwood.] 

IV. Sir Charles Wren of Binchester was eleven years of age in 1575. 
(Flower's Visitation), of Brasenose College, Oxford, matriculated 
12 Dec, 1580, aged 16, entered at Gray's Inn, 5 Feb., 1583/4, knighted 
28 May, 1607, buried at Auckland St. Andrew, 24 March, 1620/1. By 
his wife Gertrude, daughter of John Thornhaugh of Fenton, Notting- 
hamshire (who was buried at Auckland St. Andrew, 4 Dec, 1616) he 
had issue : — 

Lynley V. 

Charles, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 1 Nov., 1601, died 
unmarried. 

John, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 22 July, 1604, died 
unmarried. 

Jeremy, died unmarried, buried in the quire, Auckland St. 
Andrew, 9 July, 1616. 

Henry Wren of Bishop Auckland, married Mary, daughter of 
Michael Pemberton. 

William, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 31 Dec, 1609, buried 
in the quire, 23 July, 1616. 

Frances, wife of Sir Ralph Blakiston of Gibside, bart. 

Gertrude, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 20 Oct., 1611, who 
' nobler by vertue than by birth, and yet the daughter of 
S r Charles Wren, knight, pretty towards God, fervent in 
charitie, to the poor blessedly prodigal, and inferior to none 
in sweete respects to all, she lived the wonder of many, and 
dyed the glorie of her sex a virgin espoused to Christ,. 
Februarie 9, 1637.' 

Elizabeth, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 17 July, 1614, buried 
1 Nov., 1614. 

V. Lynley Wren of Binchester, son and heir, baptized at Auckland St. 

Andrew, 14 Oct., 1600, his god parents being Sir Henry Lynley, knight, 
Doctor William James, Dean (sic) of Durham, and Mrs. Eleanor Bowes 
of Aske. He was sequestered for delinquency in 1646 and died 18 July,. 
1655 (sic) (was buried in the quire of Auckland St. Andrew). 
By his wife, Barbara, daughter of Sir William Blakiston of Gibside, 
* a fine dainty gentlewoman ; and she knew how to value and prize the 
perfection God hath given her' (p. 12, supra), who was buried at 
Auckland St. Andrew, 8 March, 1651/2, he had issue : — 
Charles VI. 

Lynley Wren, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 12 Dec, 1633, to 

whom his father transferred the butlerage of Newcastle 

(Welford, Boyalist Comp., p. 397) ; apprenticed 1 Jan.,* 1650, to 

John Forth of Newcastle, boothman, died unmarried. 
William, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 11 Jan., 1634/5, buried 

28 Feb., 1634/5. 
Anthony, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 11 Nov., 1646. 
Ralph, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 14 Jan., 1650/1. 
Isabel, wife of Robert Harrison of Auckland. 
Barbara, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 19 Nov., 1639, wife of 

Francis Blaket of Bishop Auckland. 
Gertrude, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 13 May, 1642, buried 

same year. 
Elizabeth, baptized at Auckland St. Andrew, 14 Oct., 1644. 

VI. Charles Wren of Binchesler, son and heir, baptized at Auckland St. 
Andrew, 13 Jan., 1627/8, his god parents being Sir John Jackson, Sir 



207 

Continuation of note 7. 

Wilh'am Blakiston, and ' my Ladie Foster/ married at St. Giles's,, 
Durham, 28 Dec, 1649, Peregrina, daughter of Ralph Fetherstonhalgh 
of Stanhope; and at Dugdale's Visitation, 4 Sept., 1666, certified his. 
pedigree, being then 38 years of age. He had (perhaps with other) 
issue : — 

Charles VII. 

Joseph Wren was 11 years of age in 1666, entered at Gray's Inn > 
14 May, 1677. 

Jane, baptized Auckland St. Andrew, 14 Oct., 1650, living 1666. 

Barbara was 12 years of age in 1666, married at Auckland, 12 June,. 
1681, John Fenwick. 

Margaret was 4 years of age in 1666. 

VII. Charles Wren of Binchester, son and heir, baptized at Auckland St. 
Andrew, 26 July, 1652; also registered at St. Giles's, Durham, 3 Aug.,. 
1652, was 14 years of age at the time of Dugdale's Visitation in 1666; 
married at Durham Cathedral, 8 Sept., 1673, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Eev. Eobert Euddock of Kirklington, the marriage being registered 
not in the Cathedral Eegisters but at Auckland St. Andrew; and was 
buried at Auckland St. Andrew, 10 July, 1722, having had (perhaps, 
with other) issue : — 

VIII. Eobert Wren of Binchester, son and heir, baptized 16 March, 1679; 
married 2 May, 1711, at Sedgefield, Eebecca, daughter and co-heir of 
John Farrer of Bradbury, and was buried 19 February, 1732, having 
had (perhaps with other) issue, six sons : — 

Charles Wren, baptized at Sedgefield, 24 May, 1712, buried 
22 March, 1712/3. 

John Wren, baptized at Sedgefield, 6 July, 1713, buried 18 Feb., 
1713/4. 

Francis Wren, baptized at Sedgefield, 2 Aug., 1714. 

William Wren, baptized at Sedgefield, 26 Dec, 1715, buried 
30 Aug., 1717. 

Farrer IX. 

Eobert Wren of Newcastle, merchant, baptized at Sedgefield,, 
7 Feb., 1717; apprenticed 24 Sept., 1734, to William Ellison of 
Newcastle, mercer, admitted free of the Merchants' Company, 
4 April, 1745; married at Jarrow, 29 Dec, 1746, his master's 
daughter Isabella, and dying Sept., 1751, was buried at 
Auckland St. Andrew. His widow died at Bishop Auckland, 
10 July, 1795, aged 81. They had issue :— 

(1) Charles Wren of Pilgrim Street, Newcastle, attorney, 
baptized 4 March, 1750; married in London, July, 
1789, Mary, widow of Edward Eeynolds of Charlton, 

and daughter of Boydell. He died suddenly 

29 Jan., 1799, s.p. 

(2) Cecilia, baptized at All Saints, Newcastle, 4 Feb., 
1747; died Percy Street, Newcastle, 11 Dec, 1829, aged 
82 : the last of the Wrens. 

(3) Isabella, married at St. Andrew, Newcastle, 10 Sept., 
1796, John Bacon, perpetual curate of Auckland St. 
Andrew, and died 2 Feb., 1812, aged 62. 

IX. Farrer Wren of Binchester, son and heir, baptized at Sedgefield, 
26 Dec, 1715, on the same day as his brother, William; married three 
times, first Jane, daughter of John Hodgson of Bishop Auckland, who 
died 3 Sept., 1748; secondly, at Whitkirk, Yorks, Feb., 1750, Mary, 
daughter "of George Nelthorpe of Seacroft, who died 1756; thirdly, 
Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of Eobert Pennington of Seaton, 
Cumberland, wno died 22 April, 1781. Farrer Wren was burnt to 



208 

Vinovhun. 8 It is on the high ground over the Wear the antient 
Vedra according to the new map which calls the Tine, Tina, and 
places the Vedra to the south of the Wall. The town measures about 
250 yards from east to west, and about 180 on the west side; to the 
north side are great remains of the walls. The river makes a turn 
at Awkland and forms a peninsula to the south of this place like the 
Isle of Dogs opposite to Deptford. Here I imagined I saw an intrench- 
ment to the north and east which might be the Castra JSstiva. They 
lately found in the park several urns like common potts ; some with 
burnt bones in them, and lately two or three full of earth, which have 
not yet been examined. They have no manufacture at Awkland. 

I sett forward over the heath, and in an hour passed near the 
collieries of Horgil and Pitsburn, 9 and saw Whitley Castle 10 on the 
other side of the river; I passed by Greatly 11 house, an old castle, and 

^Continuation of note 7. 

death on Christmas Eve, 1794, aged 79, and was buried at Auckland 
St. Andrew, having had (perhaps with other) issue : — 
Farrer, died in childhood. 
Barbara, died in infancy. 

Mary, baptized at Auckland St. Helen, 4 July, 1753, daughter and 

sole heir, married 13 June, 1774, the Hon. Thomas Lyon of 

Hetton-le-Hole, son of Thomas, 8th Earl of Strathmore. 

The Hon. Thomas Lyon of Hetton and of Binchester, jure uxoris, born 

•circa 1741; M.P. for Aberdeen, 1768; died at Binchester, 13 Sept., 1796, 

having had issue by his wife, Mary Elizabeth Wren (who died 31 May, 

1811) three sons and eight daughters. Their second son : — 

Charles Lyon, born 18 Oct., 1782, and baptized at Houghton-le-Spring, 
succeeded to Binchester at his mother's death. He married 11 Oct., 1823, 
Jane Gibson, heiress of Matthew Gibson of Bishop Auckland, attorney. 
In 1830 under a private Act of Parliament 7 and 8 George IV. Binchester 
was purchased by Bishop Van Mildert, and attached to the see of Durham 
in perpetuity. The important and extensive collection of altars and other 
Roman sculptured stones found from time to time in the camp of Binchester 
and elsewhere, and preserved with care in an outbuilding of the mansion, 
were, with one exception, destroyed before the sale of the estate being used 
in the construction of underground works in a coal pit which Mr. Lyon 
had sunk in order to compel the Bishop to purchase. Cf. Baine, Auckland 
"Castle, p. 4 note. 

Mr. Charles Lyon died 14 August, 1859, s.p. His widow having adopted 
David Dunglas Home, the at one time much talked of spiritualist, and gave 
to him £60,000 stock, whereupon he assumed the name of Lyon-Home. A 
quarrel having taken place, Mrs. Lyon, then residing at Worth Grange, 
Bridport, Dorset, filed a bill in chancery for the restitution of the sum 
she had transferred; she obtained judgment in her favour from Vice- 
Ohancellor Giffard. See Dictionary of National Biography, under D. D. 
Home. 

8 Vinovium is described by MacLauchlan, Memoir of the Survey of 
Watling Street, p. 4; see also Map No. 2; see also Dr. Hooppell's papers, 
Arch. AeL, 2 ser., vol. ix., pp. 169, 191. 

9 Query, Hargill, Beechburn. 

10 Query Witton Castle, or possibly ' The Castles ' near Hamsterley. 
See Proc. Newcastle Soc. of Antiq., 3 ser., vol. v, p. 194. 

II Query, Bradley. 



209 

through a large village called Walsingham on the Wear, and viewed 
Frusterly 12 quarry ; in this marble are many cockles as well as coral ; 
the marble in which the cockles are is the darker bed. 

I came on to Stanhope on the Wear having first passed near 
Bollyope 13 beck, which is on the other side, on which there are lead 
mines, and a smelting house. Stanhope is a town, or rather a large 
village, with an old castle. It is said the Stanhopes have their name 
from this place, of which family there are three earls, Stanhope, 14 
€hesterfield, 15 and Harrington. 16 This living is 900/. a year, above 
300/. of which arises from the tythes of lead mines : the late Bishop 
Butler 17 was minister of it, and the present Bishop of Chester 18 enjoys 
it at present. It is the estate of the Earl of Carlisle ; but the Bishop 
of Durham has a large estate also here which is leased in fee-farm for 
a chiefry ; he has the royalties and especially the lead mines which 
are in abundance up the Weare, and are leased to sir Walter Caverly 
Blacket of New-castle. They thatch their houses with a very thick 
coat of heath, and make the roofs steep that the melted snow may 
not soak into the thatch, and lay loads across the top of it to keep 
out the water. At Stanhope they are chiefly farmers and miners 
whom they call groves. 

Haltwesel 1 in Northumberland, 
May 17th, 1760. 
Dear Madam, 

I set out on the 16th and came to Stanhope park, where the 
Scots were encamped in the time of Edward the III., and where there 
are trenches and remains of their camp ; the English were encamped 
to the south of the Wear at some distance at Dridgills. One Douglas 
had got through, and cutt the cords of the King's tent, and would 
have murdered the King if he had not been intercepted by his chap- 
lain at the expense of his own life. It is said the Scots made a feint 
to deceive, and stole off in the night. 2 

12 Frosterley. 13 Bolihope burn. 

14 James Stanhope, created Baron Stanhope, 1717, and Earl Stanhope in 
the following year. 

15 Sir Philip Stanhope, created Baron Stanhope in 1616 and Earl of 
Chesterfield in 1628. 

16 William Stanhope, created Baron Harrington in 1730 and Earl of 
Harrington in 1742. 

17 Joseph Butler, rector of Stanhope, 1725,1740; Bishop of Bristol, 
1738-1750; Bishop of Durham, 1750-1752. 

18 Edmund Keene, rector of Stanhope, 1740-1771 ; Master of Peterhouse, 
1748-1754; Bishop of Chester, 1752-1771; Bishop of Ely, 1771-1781. 

1 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14256. 

2 This happened in 1327. The story of the escape of the Scots from 
Edward III. and his forces is given by Ridpath in his Border History, pp. 
283-285. The Park quarter is one of the townships of the immense parish 
of Stanhope. 

14 



210 

We came by the Wear to Wear-head where three rivers 3 meet: 
the most southern and nearest is Burnhope, the next is Walhope and 
the third Kilhope, where there is a mount that I took to be a barrow. 
At Westgate near Wairhead we saw to the south a well built new 
chapel called St. John's. 4 We went about a mile over the foot of a 
hill by Killhope and came to Birdtreeford, 5 where the Kilhope falls 
down the rocks in beautifull cascades ; another rivulet comes from 
the west called Sadlingburn and joj^ns with it; I saw another rivulet 
which falls into that called Northgrain. We came to a lead mine on 
the Bishop's estate belonging to sir Walter Blacket, it is called 
Killhope-head heath. 6 We went by very bad roads over the bed of a 
mountain torrent, and at length got to the top of the mountain, and 
going a little way on it, came to Rampe-gill 7 groove, or mine, on 
Lord Derwentwater's estate, now belonging to Greenwich Hospital. 

Across the mountains we had come into Cumberland, where Stan- 
hope parish ends, which is, I believe, not less than 20 measured miles 
in length, and there are in it a great number of inhabitants. We 
here came into Alston parish, which is a living of about 70/. a year 
in the gift of the parish, 8 who I suppose purchased the tythes, as at 
Orton. Both this and the above mention 'd mines are rich lead, and 
contain about 15 ounces of silver in a ton of lead. This is near the 
head of Nent and goes by that name. 

We came to the River Nent and went a little way in a pleasant 
valley ; and crossing over the heath came down to Alston commons, 
commonly writ Alston More, prettily situated on the side of a hill in a 
pleasant valley over South Tyne just below the town. The Nent falls 
into it in beautifull cascades running through the rocks which have 
fallen down on each side in large pieces and make a most romantic 
prospect; it is a marble; and I reckon'd 14 or 15 courses in the 

3 The three streams, which by their union form the Wear, viz., the 
Killhope, the Wellhope, and the Burnhope burns, all rise in the watershed 
which forms the boundary of the county of Durham. 

4 St. John's Chapel in Weardale was rebuilt by Sir Walter Blackett to 
meet the spiritual needs of his lead miners. It replaced a medieval chapel 
of ease, or parochial chapel in the parish of Stanhope. 

5 This place gives its name to the Great Burtreeford dyke in upper 
Weardale, which may be traced into Yorkshire. See Westgarth Forster, 
Strata, ed. Nail, p. 142. 

G Killhope mine of lead and blende belonging to the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners as representing the Bishop of Durham. 

7 Rampgill, south-south-east of Alston, belonging- to the Lords of the 
Admiralty, as trustees for Greenwich Hospital, parcel of the forfeited 
estate, of the Earl of Derwentwater. 

8 The advowson of Alston was in the prior and convent of Hexham until 
the dissolution of the monasteries. Randal states that it was obtained by 
Arthur Lee and Thomas Archer in the time of Edward VI. William 
Archer, of Alston, presented in 1624, but the patronage is now in the Lords 
of the Admiralty as representing the Greenwich Hospital Commissioners, 
to whom were granted the forfeited estates of the Earl of Derwentwater* 
the great territorial magnate. 



211 

perpendicular cliff ; and going 1 about the bed of the Tyne I saw some 
coral in the stones. This is entirely a mining town, and Mr. John Rea 
gave me some very curious spars and ores which he procured mostly 
at Alanhead in North Cumberland and his own mine of Rampgill. 

To the south are three or four mountains. Duni-fell 8a is the most 
eastern, out of which rises the Tees ; Cross Fell is in the middle and 
the north side is covered with snow till towards July ; out of this rises 
the Tyne. Then there is Middle Fell ; and the Blackburn comes from 
this, and Gelderdale rivulet more to the north. They have no market 
town, nearer to them than Penrith and Hexam, each a]?out 18 miles 
off ; so that they have great markets here for meat every Saturday. 
From Cristmass to Easter they kill weakly twenty calves and four 
beeves .; from Easter to Midsummer 50 calves and 6 or 7 beeves ; 
from that to the first of September 20 sheep and 40 lambs ; for six 
weeks before Christmass 30 beeves and 20 sheep, being the time they 
lay in salt stores of beef 9 ; and at Christmass, 'tis said, they have been 
known to sell 17 beeves, 500 sheep, seventy calves, and a 1,000 gueese ; 
veal and lamb Id. J per lb., the rest from 2d. to 3d. 

We sett out. on the 17th and soon came into Northumberland, 
passing by Kirk Aluf, 10 near which is an ancient Roman town on the 
west side of Tyne on or near Fileburn at Whitley Castle. 11 I did not 
know of it from Horseley untill I got to Brampton . It is at Whitley 
Castle which is the old Alione or Alone, it is encompassed with a 
quadruple fossee and was the only place on the Maiden Way from 
Brougham to Carvorran or Magna on the Wall; and erected at Bew- 
castle north-west of it is the old Apiato ruin. We went through a 
most pleasant romantick valley adorn'd with wood and fine pasturage, 
and in five miles from Alston came to Stone-hall church 12 ; three miles 
more brought us to Featherstone castle, 13 where there is a bridge of 

8a Dun Fell is the proper name. 

9 The late Mr. William Woodman, writing, in 1892, on obsolete 
' Morpeth Social Customs,' states that down to the beginning of the nine~ 
teenth century almost every house in Morpeth at Martinmas killed a 
mart or shared in part of a mart for winter provision of salt meat; from 
the blood of the animal black puddings were made, and from the tallow, 
candles. History of the Berwickshire Naturalists Club, vol. xiv., p. 128. 

10 Evidently Kirkhaugh. 

11 For notices of Whitley station or castle, see Horsley, Britannia 
Bomana, pp. Ill, 250, 453; Rev. John Hodgson, History of Northumberland, 
part ii., vol. iii., pp. 69-75, where the Roman inscriptions found at the 
place are noticed; see also Bruce, Roman Wall, p. 354, and Lapid. Sept. 

12 Query, Knaresdale Church. ' Lead miners generally work eight 
hours a day, and four, five, or six days a week. Some miners have small 
farms which occupy their leisure time.' Boyle, Guide to the County of 
Durham, 1892, p. 114. 

18 At the period of the Bishop's visit, Featherston Castle belonged to 
Mr. Matthew Fetherstonhaugh of Newcastle, who claimed to be descended 
from the ancient house of Fetherstonhaugh, of Fetherstonhaugh, he having 
purchased the property from the Earl of Carlisle. 



212 

one arch, I believe 60 feet wide ; near it, Burnbeck falls from the west 
into Tyne ; about a mile south of it is a mill-stone quarry of a hard 
grit like the whetstone. Going two miles farther we came to Halt- 
wesel, having crossed the foot of the mountains, and the Tyne about 
four miles from Alston. Alston was the road from Penrith to Hexam 
and Newcastle ; but since this turnpike road has been made by Burgh 
they all go that way, so that Alston not being frequented there is a 
very agreeable, honest, simplicity among the people. Most of the 
miners come home before Sunday, and on Monday carry their provision 
for the week to the mines ; the women wear the large bonnets which 
were in fashion in the south the latter end of last century. They 
make here a small round pile of wood and place limestone round it, 
cover it over with sods ; sett the wood on fire and supply fuel untill 
it is sufficiently burnt, and this commonly on the spot they want to 
manure; they have coal from about Blinkesop. 14 

Halt-wesel is a very small town of good inns, over the Tyne, a 
turnpike road branches out from the Military road about two miles 
north-west and goes to Hexham and Cbrbridge, where it comes into 
the Military road again. We went on in this road and came into the 
Military road and soon after turn'd to the south to some houses at a 
hamlet called Woodhead, directly opposite to Blinkesop castle, where 
on a red gritt stone I saw on an altar this imperfect inscription, 15 
on the top of the stone is a patera in relief : — 

SILVANO 
VELLAEVS 

The rest is broken off. We passed near Carvorran or Magna which 
I had seen before and came to the inn at Glenwell 16 by the rivilet 
call'd Greenhead, where we saw this imperfect inscription 17 : — 

CIVITAS 
DVMNI 

and another stone which seemed to be sepulchral. I could not be 
absolutely sure even of the following letters 18 

NVN 

AXSV 

I went by the stream a quarter of a mile to Thistwell 19 castle, a 
work of the Middle Age ; there is a sort of a tyger's head of that time 
sett up on a wall. The Roman Wall 20 is plain on the brow to the 
east, and to the west we took it up and Hadrian's Vallum which are 

14 Blenkinsop, which formerly belonged to a family taking its name 
from the place. 

"Not in Lapidarium Septentrionale. [C.I.L. vn., No. 304 gives under 
Whitley Castle deo silvano.] 

16 Glenwhelt. 17 Lapidarium Septentrionale, p. 168. 

18 Ibid., p. 170, given as >mvn|aksv. See also C.I.L., No. 786. 

19 Thirlwall. 20 See MacLauchlan, Roman Wall, maps no. iii., iv., v. 



213 

here close to one another, but were soon intercepted by corn fields. 
I observed a trench cutt in a barrow just over the rivilet to the west 
and marks of a fortification about the uneven ground. The Wall soon 
crosses the Irthing near Burdoswald, the old Amboglanna, and keeps 
to the north of it. I returned to the Military way at the xxxix Stone 
from New-castle. The flatt of the ground is about 12 feet, the slope 
on each side may be six, and the ditch six more, and it rises about 
four feet ; near town it is wider. We passed near Naworth Castle 
about the xlv Stone and a little beyond the xlvi came to Brampton 
having come again into Cumberland above the xl Stone. I first saw 
the bird-cherry tree, called here the bird tree, about Pendragon 
castle ; it is also found along the upper parts of the Wear, and in 
great plenty on South Tyne. 

Brampton is situated on a small stream which rises out of the 
adjacent morasses, and runs through the town. It is a poor place, 
without manufacture, and may consist of about 150 houses, that 
may be equally divided into shops, farm-houses, publick-houses and 
labourers. The parish church 21 is a mile from the town so they have 
commonly service in a chapel of an alms-house founded by the Right 
Hon 16 . Edward Earl of Carlisle in 1688. Close to the town is a high 
sandy hill 22 fortified with a dyke on the west parts, and formed into 
a terras near the top on the strong sides of it ; round the outside of 
the rampart it is about 300 yards in compass. It is something of an 
oblong square, and, as I conjecture, about 100 yards long and 50 
broad, for at the top, allowing for parts fallen down, it is about 20 by 
40. It commands a good view of the fine country to the west ; that 
to the east appears as a heath of small hills. They have their coals 
here from Tinens Fell about four miles to the east. 



Mblross on the Tweed, 1 

Sepr. 26th, 1760. 
Dear Sister, 

I departed from Donglass 2 on the 2 2d. and leaving East 
Lothian came into Mers or Berwickshire ; then going about two miles 
in the road that leads to Berwick, we turned out of it to the east to 
go to Coldingham. 

******** 

We went on [from Coldingham] six computed and nine measured 
miles to Berwick ; in three miles we passed a pleasant village called 

21 A portion of the old parish church of the parish of Brampton has 
been retained as a cemetery chapel. 

22 See MacLauchlan, Roman Wall, map no. iv., and Memoirs, p. 65, 
for an account of the Mote at Brampton. 

1 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259 

3 Dunglas in East Lothian, whence the Bishop wrote to his sister 
a letter dated 21 Sept., describing his visit to ' Crichton, Glanston, Salton, 
Milton, Gifford, Yester/ 



214, 

Eden 3 on the Hy; about two miles from it is a little seaport town 
called Hymouth. 4 We pass'd by Lamurtin and Lamurtin-hill on which 
there is a camp,, and near Holly-down-hill 5 to the west, famous for 
many battles between the Scotch and English. 

We left Scotland and came into the government of England to 
Berwick; on the 24th from Cornhill we went into Scotland again. 
Here in one spot three countys and two kingdoms meet. 

Selkirk, 6 

Sepr. 27th, 1760. 

Dear Sister, 

On the 23d. I went from Cornhill in Northumberland, a 
mile to the ferry 7 over the Tweed (within half a mile of Coldstream) 
which I cross'd, and stop't at that poor town ; there are no remains of 
the old Cistercian nunnery 8 here except part of the gateway ; it was 
founded by Patrick Earl of March, and Derder his lady, about 1166. 
Near it is Abbey Leys, doubtless the dairy of the abbey, where Mr. 
Pringle has built a handsome house, and made a beautifull planta- 
tion. 9 Half a mile below the ferry is Old Coldstream, where I ob- 
served a ruined chapel. About a quarter of a mile from Cornhill, the 
river seems to have left its chanel and to have encroached on the 
Scotch side and left a piece of Scotland on the east side, for there is 
one field there in Scotland, so that in this place two kingdoms meet 
and three counties, that is Mers in Scotland, Northumberland in 
which Cornhill parish is situated, and a part of the Bishoprick of 
Durham. 

I left Cornhill on the 24th and having passed Wark and Carram 
crossed a stream into the shire of Roxborough, or Tiviotdale, in Soot- 
land. 



3 Ay ton, in Berwickshire, through which runs the burn named Eye. 

4 Eyemouth, in the parish of Ayton. 

* Halidon, in the parish of Berwick ; and Lamberton. 

6 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 

7 The ancient ferry from Wark, in the chapelry of Carham, on the right 
bank of Tweed, to the Scottish side is still in use. The ferry used by the 
Bishop was probably superseded by the fine bridge over the Tweed, connect- 
ing Coldstream with Cornhill, built in 1763. 

8 The Cistercian convent for nuns at Coldstream was founded by 
Gospatric III. and his wife, Derdere. He died 1166 and was buried at 
Eccles. See new History of Northumberland, vol. vii., p. 44; also 
Chartulary of Coldstream, ed. Rogers. 

9 Lees, near Coldstream, parcel of the possessions of the Cistercian 
monastery of St. Mary at Coldstream, belonged to the family of Pringle 
from before the year 1633 down to 1769, when the Mr. (James) Pringle 
jiamed in the text was succeeded by his maternal kinsman, Edward 
Majoribanks of Halyards. See History of the Berwickshire Naturalists 
Club, vol. viii., p. 276. 



215.-. 

Wooller 10 in Northumberland. 
Sepr. 28th, 1760. 
, Dear Sister, 

Mellerstain is well situated on an eminence with a hill 
behind it, to the west, adorn'd with plantations form'd into ridings 
and stars. * ****** 

(Inscriptions to George Baillie of Jerviswood, esquire, 1738, and to 
Lady Grisell Baillie, 1746.) 

******** 

Alnewick, 11 Northumberland. 
Sepr. 29th, 1760. 
Dear Sister, 

At Melross I took leave of Mr. Baillie and went on for 
Selkirk four miles. 

******** 

I left Jedburgh in the afternoon, and came, in two miles, to Creiling- 
hall on a rivulet which falls into the Jed, and in two more to Set- 
ford Castle, 113, near such another rivlet. This building consists of a 
grand apartment on each floor and a smaller in a return adjoyning 
to it. In another mile we came to Merbo(t)hill llb on a larger rivlet and 
in an open plain, and going on we pass'd by the rise of the river 
Bowman, and ascended to Yetham 12 the last village in Scotland. 
And about a, mile from it came into England having that river to 
the right, being I believe not above three miles from that place, 
where we had entered Scotland to the west of Carraw 13 and so took 
leave of Scotland, this being the shire of Roxborough which includes 
Tiviotdale and also Liddesdale, in which I had been, and extends very 
near to Netherby (at which place I was) in Cumberland ; Jedburgh 
being the town for the Sheriff's Deputy to attend in, and hold his 
courts for that shire. 

ROTHBURT 14 IN NORTHUMBERLAND. 

Sepr. 30th, 1760. 
Dear Sister, 

On the 2 2d. of September I came to Berwick near the 
mouth of the Tweede which is a town and county extending on the 
north side of Tweed about three miles, and as I apprehend every way 
as far a,s the parish of Berwick. It stands on the north side of the 
Tweed, the Tueda of the new map. It is near the mouth of the 
Tweed and is very finely situated. It was first given in ransom for 
King William of Scotland to Henry II. and was afterwards often 
taken and retaken. It formerly stood on an eminence within the 

10 Brit, Mus. Add. MS. 14259. " Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 

"• Query, Cessford. ••■- llb Query, Morebattle. 

12 Yetholm. 13 Query, Carham, see p. 220 post. 
14 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 



216 

present rampart, which is now called the Castle. 15 The old castle, 
as the citadel without the walls, being doubtless joyned to it, which 
was very strong in its natural situation, there were two waies to it, 
and a wall down to the river, which seems to have been built in 
.steps down the top of it like the walls of Antioch. The town is now 
a modern fortification with two bastions to the north; and Queen 
Elizabeth built a fine bridge here of fifteen arches. I could get no 
account of any of the monasteries of this place, which were the Red 
Friars founded by a Scotch king 16 ; the Dominicans 17 at the mouth 
of the Tweed founded by Alexander II. in 1230: a parliament was 
held in this convent by Edward the First to determine the right of 
the crown between Bruce and Baliol. There were also Franciscans, 
and Bernardine nuns 18 founded by David I., but Robert III. gave 
their possessions in Scotland to the abbey of Dryburgh on account 
of their attachment to the English. The parish church 19 is a hand- 
some Gothic fabric, tho' somewhat singular, and seems to have been 
built so late as the time of Queen Elizabeth or James 1st. Opposite 
to it, is a handsome barrack 20 and store-houses built round a court. 
They have erected in the middle of the chief street a very beautifull 
town-house 1 and market-house of freestone. The lower part is in 
the Rustick channel style, over which there is a first floor and an 
attick story ; a Tuscan portico in front, and a tower over it crowned 
with a spire : the two stories of the tower are of the Doric and Ionio 
orders, all exceeding good architecture. They have a good quay, and 
build small ships here. The export is chiefly salmon and corn ; they 
have plenty of coal about four miles from the town. 

I came to the other side, commonly reckon' d in Northumberland, 
but for about two miles south, is within the Bishoprick and county 
of Durham, which extends to the west; and is not observed in maps. 

I shall here give some account of the kingdom of Northumber- 

15 Berwick Castle was surrendered in 1174 by William the Lion of 
Scotland to Henry II., but was re-surrendered in 1189 to the Scottish Crown. 

16 William the Lion is stated to have founded a convent at Berwick for 
the Bed, or Trinitarian Friars. The House stood between West Street and 
Bank Hill. Cf. Scott, History of Berwick, p. 338. 

17 The monastery of the Black Dominicans, or Friar Preachers is 
believed to have been close to the castle. Ibid., p. 339. 

18 The nunnery founded by David I. seems to have been of the Cistercian 
order. Its site has not been ascertained. Ibid., p. 345. 

19 The foundation stone of the parish church of Berwick was laid by 
26 April, 1650, and the structure, largely built out of the material of the 
old castle, though not yet furnished with galleries and pews, was brought 
into use in 1652. Ibid., pp. 361-363. 

20 The barracks were built between the years 1717 and 1721. Ibid., 
p. 222. 

1 The town house, with its imposing steeple, was begun in 1750. Ibid., 
p. 227. On the facade is cut in bold letters ' Finished a.d. mdccliv, William 
Temple, esq., mayor.' The latter was a lineal ancestor of Doctor Temple, 
the late Archbishop of Canterbury. 



217 

land. 2 It was subjected to the Saxons by Osca, 2a brother of Hengist, 
was under the Danes, who did homage to the kings of Kent. The 
kingdom of Bernicia, between Trent and the Frith of Forth, was 
subject to the kings of Northumberland, and when this kingdom 
came to an end, all to the south of Tweed became subject to Scot- 
land ; but Northumberland was given to Egbert, king of the North- 
umbrians, and Eanred their king paid him tribute. The Danes had 
it under Alfred, who were dispossessed by Athelstane, tho' the people 
made Eitric the Dane their king : from this time they were Earls. 
And the Peircies came to be the Earls of Northumberland ; they 
were descended from the Earls of Brabant, 3 the true off-spring of 
Charlemagne, who were called Percies when Jocelyne, the younger 
son of Godfrey duke of Brabant, married Agnes, sole heir of William 
Percie, whose great grandfather came into England with William the 
Conqueror. 

1 went, on the 23d., three miles in the turnpike road to the west, 
and leaving it came two miles to the west north west, to Norham, or 
Northam, of old called Ubbanford ; it belongs to the see of Durham. 
Egfrid, Bishop of Lindiesfarne, built the town and church ; the next 
Bishop Ralph built the castle a little to the east of the town on an 
eminence over the river. The wall round it takes in a pretty large 
compass. 

Over the river is a ruined building, which they say was the church. 
The old castle part is to the east, it is an oblong square building, in 
which there are two rooms sixty feet long, one is fifteen wide the other 
about twenty with vaults under them, there were four stories, and the 
walls seem to be about twenty feet high, and are twelve feet thick ; 
over a door are remains of three coats of arms. This castle is built 
of hewn freestone. 

The church 4 is at the west end of the town. The east end is 
very old, on the north side are small arched windows with members 
over the arches, and from them a water-table is carried along the 
whole length of the building ; on the south side the arches of the 
windows are supported by a Corinthian pillar on each side with a 
case and plinth, and only four single leaves round them, and seem 
to be very old. The entablature is adorned with four heads in the 
lower member and four less in the member over each window. The 
south side of the body consists of five or six arches supported by 
round pillars with octagon capitals, and four single leaves on each 

2 For a chronological account of the kingdom of Northumbria, see 
Hodgson Hinde, Northumberland, 1858; also Bates, History of Northum- 
berland, published by Elliot Stock, 1895. 

2a Query, Ossa, grandfather of Ida, who founded the kingdom of 
Bernicia in 547 

3 See Fonblanque, Annals of the House of Percy, 1887. Privately 
printed. 

4 For a description of Norham church with a plan, see Wilson, 
Churches of Lindisfarne, p. 27; also Transactions of the Architectural and 
Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland , vol. v., cix. 



218 

side with the top of a leaf appearing between them above, and 
betwixt the bottom of the leaves is a circle formed from the outer 4 * 
line and another within them. The former seems to be the old 
church built by Egfrid, 4a in which Ceolwolph, King of Northumber- 
land, who became a monk at Lindiesfarne, was buried, to whom Rede 
dedicates his Ecclesiastical History. And when the Danes had 
destroyed the Holy Island, the body of St. Cuthbert, bishop of that 
place, was deposited here. And where on this account, and on St. 
Ceolwolph's, great devotion was paid to the place, it is probable the 
body of the church was built, which has been in part destroyed. 
Over the door is this inscription. " This Church was repaired by the 
Parichinaris of Norham Maister Patrick Wait being preacher there 
Anno 1617." 

We went on in this turnpike road which comes within half a mile 
of this town. At Ribley, near about 200 years agoe, were. found the 
shedds of a knight's belt and the hilt of a sword, which were given 
to Bishop 4b .... 

We came in two miles to Wesel 5 bridge over the Till, which has 
its name from Wesel-house on an eminence over it; a little below 
which it falls into the Tweed. The bridge here consists of one arch 
90 feet and eight inches wide. From Flodden I saw, at a small 
distance, Etal, of old the seat of the Manners' s, from whom the 
Duke of Rutland's family is descended ; here is a wooden bridge, on 
stone piers. Near Etal is Ford Castle, Mr. Carr's, where there is a 
stone bridge over the Till, both fine situations'. Two miles more 
brought us to Cornhill, a considerable village, very near the Tweed. 
They have here a water 6 like that of Epsom wells, from which they 
extract a salt; it is esteem'd good in nephritick and scorbutic dis- 
orders. Near it is a cold bath, which they use much when they 
drink the water. This parish is in Northumberland. 7 

From this place I went three miles, by Brankeston, where there 
is a thatched church, to Flodden Field, 8 famous for the battle with 
James IV., (who being drawn in by the French — that made use of 
two or three of his own subjects as tools — to invade England, when 
Henry VIII. lay before Tournay). The Earl of Surry was sent 
against them, as the Scotch historians say, with 26,000 men, the 
Scotch not above 7,000, Thomas Lord Howard led the van, Sir 

4a ' qu ' in the same hand as Ceolwolph = a hand in which several other 
names and words in the MS. are inserted. 

4b The Bishop's name is not given. Ribley may be represented by 
the farmhold named Royalty. 5 Twizel. 

6 The properties of the mineral spring at Cornhill are mentioned in 
Wallis, Northumberland, vol. i., p. 15. 

7 The Bishop was misinformed. Cornhill is a parochial chapelry of the 
ancient parish of Norham, and at the time was in North Durham. 

8 For the most recent studies on this, see Hodgkin, ' The Battle of 
Flodden ' and Bates, ' Flodden Field/ both in Arch. Ad., ser. 2, vol. xvi., 
pp. 1, 351. 



219 

Edward, his brother, one of the wings, Lord Dacres and Clifford, 
and Sir Edward Stanley the rear. The van and one of the wings 
came over by Wesel bridge, 9 the rear by Mylfield ford above Ford 
Castle. The Scotch were divided into four parts, one of which was 
a corps of reserve, the king engaged in the middle. They were 
drawn up first on a hill near the King's Seat, but seeing the English 
coming towards Brankeston, and apprehending they wanted to cut off 
the rear from the camp, they moved to the hill nearer to the village, 
and came down to them in the valley at the well. In the first onset 
'tis said the English were broke, but the Highlanders coming on 
without order they began to rally, were supported, and the battle 
was very bloody. There was a gentle rising ground with a little 
hollow to the south of this. The rear of the English who passed at 
Mylfield, it is supposed, either crossed over the hill to the north or 
came round the end of it, which drew the battle more towards that 
part ; the Scotch still fighting most bravely, tho' the corps of reserve 
under Lord Hume, it is said, could get no word of command from 
him to engage. They fought till the night separated them, 5,000 
were killed on each side, but of the Scotch a great number of the 
flower of their nobility. The English did not know they were con- 
querors, till Lord Darcy went next morning on the field of battle, 
saw their artillery, and the dead bodies not stripped. It is thought 
that the Earl of Surry made use of a. lady and her daughter at Ford 
Castle to cause delays, and that the King was amusi'd at that house. 
The Earl of Surry sent to the King to leave England or come down 
and fight fairly, and appointed a day, which he did not keep ; that 
those who were at first against this enterprize, advised him to take 
all advantages of situation, but to no purpose, and when he did not 
keep the day, to retire. They show a rock where the King sat, 
doubtless before the battle, in which he was certainly present. This 
is called the King's Seat. Many were dressed like him to prevent 
their aiming at the King, and one was taken up dead and buried for 
him, but he had not the iron chain about him which the King wore 
for pennance. And it is at this day reported in the country, that he was 
seen passing the next morning Hempside 93, ford already mentioned ; 
and the Scotch believe he was conducted to Hume Castle, and 
murdered there ; Lord Hume being in such circumstances as to give 
reason for this suspicion. And I was told that lately a silver chain 
was found not far from Hume Castle, and that it is in possession of 
Lord Marchmont ; in which case, if it was the chain about the King, 
it must have been a silver chain he wore, and not a chain of iron. 
I saw some little risings in the ground, which seemed to be places 
where the bodies had been buried. 

On the 24th I left Cornhill and soon came to Wark, where I had 
seen at a distance the remains of the castle which is on the decline 
of the hill, and seems to have been encompassed with a circular wall ; 

9 Twizel-bridge. 9a Hempside ford has not been identified: ~ 



220 

at some distance from, the castle, a deep fossee is cut through the 
hill, so as to make the east end of the hill serve for a camp. Here 
is a ford which the Scotch commonly passed when they came into 
England in time of war. We came to the last parish or rather 
chapelry in England called Carham, 10 the minister of which goes 
often to Kelso, and performs divine service to a few of the episcopal 
church settled there, under a legal license. We passed the bounds of 
this parish which is also the bounds of Scotland. 

Ellesden 11 in Northumberland. 
October 1st, 1760. 

Dear Sister; 

On the 27th about a mile east of Whetham 12 I came 
again into Northumberland from Scotland, the river Bowman 13 being 
to the right. We shou'd have passed this river, but we came on to 
a village situated to the east, called Padston, 14 placed in Speed's 
maps and others to the south but ought to be to the north of the 
river, and then turning south in half a mile we crossed the river, and 
came, as I take it, to Kilham, and in about a mile to Kirk-Newtoun, a 
large village. 15 Here we were encompass'd with the Cheviot hills. 
Four miles more brought us to Wooller, having passed the river Glen 
and close to Yeveron, 16 to the east of Newton, to which place, accord- 
ing to Bede, Paulinus came with the King and Queen to the royal 
manner of Adgebrin (now called Yeveron), stayed there with them 
36 daies which he spent in the duties of catechising, and after they 
were instructed, baptized them in the neighbouring river Glen, and 
'tis said, two pillars are set up here in memory of this remarkable 
transaction. 

Wooler is a poor town, 17 mostly of thatched houses with a market 
and small woollen manufacture, they have two presbyterian and one 
independent meeting house. Not far from it is Humbledown, men- 
tion'd in the old ballad of Chivy Chase, where they have a tradition 
a battle was fought in 1335, and about this time Edward III. for the 
fourth and last time invaded Scotland. 

The Cheviot hills produce the best and soundest mutton, and the 
country to Brandon is allmost wholly laid out in sheep walks. In 

10 Carham is a chapelry of the ancient parish of Kirknewton. 

11 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 12 Yetholm, co. Koxburgh. 

13 The river Bowmont. 

14 Paston, now generally spelled Pawston, an old residential estate of 
the Selbys. 

15 The village of Kirknewton at the present time comprises the church 
and vicarage, the mansion house and farm cottages. 

16 Yeavering. 

17 The thatched church of Wooler having become ruinous was taken 
down in 1765, and the present structure built with the help of .£1,156 
raised by a brief. Sykes, Local Records, vol. i., p. 256; Bewes, Church 
Briefs, p. 329. 



221 

the north part of Northumberland, they drive two oxen 18 and two 
horses, and, in the south part, a horse in the Philhors and two horses 
together before. The former have wagons which consist only of the 
frame without boards at the bottom. 

'I left Wooller on the 29th and in a mile came to the inn of 
Wooller Hawk head, 19 having crossed the Till. This place is much 
frequented for drinking goat's whey. In another mile we came to a 
fine glyn covered with aldars on which is situated West Lisbow 
Castle. 20 In two miles more we passed such another rivlet, and 
going by Brandon White-house, in two more we passed the Branisk {sic), 
which lower takes the name of the Till. On the height we came to a 
small octagon pillar 1 of unequal sides set in a large stone, both 
together about ten feet high, four sides of it are adorned with two 
or three fish and roses over them. On one side of the pedestal are 
these letters cut very plain and I doubt whether they are old : 

W • W • K I. W L • £ P • P • T • 

I B • R H • Vh W • 

The common opinion is that the battle of Chivy Chase was 
fought here, but this, if I mistake not, is said to be the spot where 
another skirmish mention'd in the famous ballad, by the name of 
Humble-down, in which they say the leader Percie was killed. But 
as I was not fully inform'd in these particulars, I cannot say whether 
this was the place of the skirmish of Chivy Chase or of Humble- 
down, but as the latter was most for our honour, I should take this 
to be the spot and that this affair of Chivy Chaise was too incon- 
siderable to be recorded by our historians. 

To the left we passed by Crouley Tower, 2 and in a mile came to 
the village of Bra den, 3 and in two short miles to Whittingham. We 

18 Not long after the Bishop's tour, oxen became disused for ploughing 
and carting, but about 1790 owing to the great advance in the price of 
horses, their use for the^e purposes was resuscitated. Bailey and Culley 
in their Agricultural View of Northumberland, ed. 1797, chapter xiii. on 
Live Stock, present a comparative statement between Horses and Oxen for 
the purpose of the draught. 

19 The ancient wayside inn, under the sign of St. George and the Dragon, 
at Wooler Haugh Head, near which place Surrey encamped before Flodden, 
and where Home put up the first night on his journey to London to 
stage his tragedy of Douglas, has been described by Hutchinson, Hist, of 
Northumberland, vol. i., p. 240, and in Northern Notes and Queries, p. 161. 

20 There was never a castle at West Lilburn, hut a tower was in exist- 
ence in 1541, and, apparently, as early as 1415; the ruins of which still 
remain. 

1 Percy's Cross marking the site of the Battle of Hedgeley Moor, fought 
25 April, 1464, in which Sir Ralph Percy, one of the younger sons of the 
second earl of Northumberland was killed. The cross is figured in Richard- 
son, Borderer's Table Book, vol. i., p. 162. 

2 John Heron obtained licence 20 Nov., 1343, to crenellate his house at 
Crawley. 

3 Branton. 



222 

had seen Chilingham, Lord Tankervile's, under the hill to the east, 
arid here we saw Lord Ravensworth's, 4 two miles to the west, in the 
valley. We were now on the river Aln, the Alauna of the new map 
and Alaunus of Ptolemy, and in two miles came to Lamington, 5 
Mr. Fenwick's, a large house on the side of the hill. We soon came 
to coals and lime-stone, a blew stone which at top rises small, and 
they make bricks also in the same place. We descended to Aln- 
wick twelve computed miles from Wooller. The entrance of the 
town is by a handsome Gothic gate 6 ; there are several good houses 
in the town which chiefly consists of two streets. The principal 
support of this place is its lying in the great road to the north, the 
markets, fairs, and sessions, also coals ; a salmon fishery and an export 
of corn at Aylmouth where small vessels come in and carry oats etc. 
to different parts, the salmon goes chiefly pickled to London. There 
is a good church, with a tower, all in the style of the time of Henry 
VI. ; a little above it, on the other side of the water, was the 
abbey of the Prsemonstratenses founded, in 1147, by Eustace fitz 
John. A handsome gateway remains, built with four arches and a 
small square tower at each corner, on it is an escutcheon of a lyon 
rampant and three fish, quartered, (Percy and Lucy), and a plain 
cross and another made sharp at the angles. A good private house 7 
is built out of the ruins, it is a low situation on the river. 

The castle of Alnwick, the ancient place of residence of the Percys, 
Earls of Northumberland, is one of the grandest and most entire 
in Britain. It is built round a small court with an enclosure on 
every side except to the north and west, and is defended by towers. 
To the west it is fortified by a large enclosure in which are the stable 
offices, to the right of the second court are the kitchen offices and 
those for servants. In the inner court are two grand rooms fitted up 
in the finest Gothic style. The dining room is adorned with small 
arches, and the drawing room in a most elegant taste of arches inter- 
secting one another, and the ceilings of both are richly ornamented. 
The ornaments in the offices are plain Gothic. The Earl has made a 
Gothic gateway to the south, by which the common, entrance is to be 

4 Eslington. 

5 Lemington is stated to have been built by Nicholas Fen wick who died 
in 1752; but if it were designed by William Newton of Newcastle (born 
circa 1730) as was probably the case, then it is more likely that the 
mansion was erected by Robert Fenwick, son and heir of the above-named 
Nicholas Fenwick. Incorporated in the structure is the ancient tower of 
the Beadnells. 

6 Clayport Tower which defended the western entrance to Alnwick, was 
probably built circa 1450, and was removed in 1804. It was similar in form 
to, but larger than, Bondgatc Tower, which still stands. 

7 Michael Doubleday, a Quaker, succeeded to Alnwick Abbey on the 
death of his father in 1751 and made it his residence. He died in 1797, 
and in the following year the property, comprising near 2,000 acres of the 
annual value of over £2,000, was purchased by his nephews and, in part, 
resold by them in lots 



223. 

entirely clear of the town, and the grind gateway is to be closed. 
He is also making a park, one of the gates of which is almost built, 
purposing to take up his constant summer residence here. Alnwic 
has been a fatal place to the Scotch. Opposite to the castle on the 
north side of the river, they show the place of the famous battle ; 
it is a plain field, and a gentle rising of the ground to the north of 
it. Here William 8 King of Scotland in 1174 was taken prisoner and 
presented to Henry the Second. And Malcolm 9 III. King of Scot- 
land having reduc'd the castle by famine, was killed by a soldier 
who pretended to deliver the keys of the castle to him on the point 
of the fatal spear. And his son Edward falling on the enemy to 
revenge his father's death, received a wound of which he died. I 
left this place and came back to Lamington, leaving it to the left, 
and soon descended near to Edlingham where there is an old square 
castle 10 with ruinous enclosure to the north, defended by towers; it 
is on a rivilet which falls into the Aln. We saw the cascades in great 
beauty, travelling by hills to the east and over a heathy hill all the 
way by a turnpike road to Rothbury twelve measured miles from 
Alnwick. 

Bellingham 11 in Northumberland. 
October 2d, 1760. 
Dear Sister, 

Rothbury is a poor town of two streets which are not 
paved, and the houses are mostly thatched ; they cover them with 
sods for warmth, and thatch with heath, which will last thirty years. 
There are turnpike roads from it to Hexham, Newcastle, Morpeth, 
and Alnwick, which make it a thoroughfare from all the villages to 
the west and north and from Ellesden, for there is no other town this 
way to the west or north ; the rise of the Coquet which is pronounc'd 
Cocket, being the bounds of Scotland at about twelve miles distance. 
It is a market town and they have some fairs chiefly for black cattle ; 
and wool is sent from this place to Newcastle. They have several 
shops and handicrafts exercised here, particularly that of hatters. 
The living is in the gift of the Bishop of Carlisle and 500Z. a year, 

8 The place where William the Lion, King of Scotland, was taken 
prisoner in 1174 is, not on the north but, on the south side of the river 
a quarter of a mile to the west of the castle. The spot is marked by a 
block of sandstone, with an inscription, which replaces an eighteenth 
century monument. 

9 The place where Malcolm, King of Scots, was slain in 1093 has been 
marked from early times by a cross. The latter was renewed in 1774 but 
the remains of the earlier structure are preserved close by. It is on the 
north side of the river and about a mile from the Castle. 

10 For a full description of the castle of Edlingham and history of the 
manor, see new History of Northumberland, vol. vii., p. 122. 

11 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 



224 

so that 'tis often made an option 12 by the Arch-bishop of York. 
The parsonage house is an old tower-castle with an addition to it. 
Near it, the late incumbent, Dr. Sharp, 13 prebendary of Durham, 
built a round tower about 30 feet high, with battlements at top from 
which, they say, there is a prospect of the sea. Most part of the town 
belongs to the Earl of Northumberland. Dr. Sharp's immediate 
predecessor, Tomlinson, 14 founded a free school, with a salary of 201. 
a year and a house, to teach all the children of the parish, to read, 
write, arithmetic, and Latin. I went half a mile down the river 
to see the Thrum where the river falls about ten feet in a gentle 
dtescent of a cascade, and then runs about forty yards through a 
narrow passage 15 between the rocks about five feet wide. The salmon 
comes here in November to spawn, but they are not permitted to 
take them. 

The Cocket 16 empties itself a little to the south of Aylmouth. 
Near the mouth of it is Warkworth castle, belonging to the Earl of 
Northumberland ; and half a mile below, on the river, there is a chapel 
cut out of the rock and Hermitage. 17 

On the 30th I came on to Ellesden 8 computed miles. We traveled 
on' the south side of the river, the waters being high, the road is 
mostly on a low hill which abounds with lime-stone; the mountains 
above are freestone. Over the Thrum is a quarry of thin flag-stones 
which serve for slates, and so there is at Old Rothbury 18 ; which is 
an old fortification on a hill half a mile below the town. I took 
specimens of the lime-stone which seems to be a brown kind of 
marble. They have also plenty of coals in this neighbourhood. 
We came in a mile to Newtown 19 where there is an old tower, and a 
fortified hill beyond it : opposite to it we saw Thornton, where there 

12 Option. The right which an archbishop formerly had, on consecra- 
tion of a bishop, of choosing one benefice within the see of the latter to be 
in his own patronage for the next presentation. This privilege was abol- 
ished in 1845 by Act of Parliament. New English Dictionary . 

13 The tower was built by Doctor Thomas Sharp, rector of Rothbury 
from 1720 to his death, 16 March, 1758 : he was also Archdeacon of North- 
umberland, and prebendary of the tenth stall at Durham. 

14 Doctor John Thomlinson, rector of Rothbury from 1679 to his death, 
23 May, 1720, was uncle of John Thomlinson, whose diary is printed in 
Six North Country Diaries. 

15 The channel threaded by the Coquet called the Thrum is stated to be 
fourteen feet in depth. 

16 Until the year 1765 the place where the river Coquet debouched into 
the sea was considerably to the north of the present mouth at Amble, and 
nearer to Alnmouth. See new History of Northumberland, vol. v., p. 196. 

17 The far-famed Hermitage of Warkworth is on the left, or opposite 
bank of the Coquet and above the Castle. 

18 The prehistoric camp at Old Rothbury is described, with a plan, by 
Mr. R. C. Hedley in Arch. Ael., ser. 2, vol. xiii., pp. 230-233. 

19 The township of Rothbury Newtown lies on the south side of the 
Coquet. 



225 

is a popish chapel; there being many of that persuasion in these 
parts, and they have several chapels in which they say Mass openly. 
The Claverings, Teleinston, Calala, 20 or Wallington, near Whitingham 
are the chief of them. 

Close to Newtown, is Great Trosson, half a mile further we came 
to Becherfield, 1 and in two miles to Gootlup 2 half way, where we 
left the river and turned to the south, and then to the south-west 
over the hills to Ellesden. On these hills they find coal, and tho' 
they are mostly of freestone, yet they have patches in several parts 
of lime-stone. Here we came on the streams which fall into the river 
Reid that empties itself into North Tine near Bellingham j the Tine 
being the ancient Vedra. On one of these is Ellesden, a small village 
on each side of a green, the church being on the north side, and a 
little above it an old tower-castle which is the parsonage house. On 
it to the south is a coat of arms 3 of three roses at top, and three 
more on each side, and one in the middle, the crest is two lyons 
holding a standard, under it are the following letters, if I read them 
right, rdarcie in Gothic characters. 4 The church is singular, 
having pillars on each side of the body, about three feet from the 
wall, and the same on the west side of the transept, which may 
account for what I have often seen, (viz.) one row of pillars in a 
church : in which case it is to be supposed, that churches having been 
ruined by age, they might be rebuilt, and only one row of pillars 
left, for one can hardly suppose a church to be originally built so, and 
this is the style of what we call the Egyptian hall. Here is a font, 
something like a barbarous Saxon capital which is probably very old : 
This parish is twenty miles long extending westward to Scotland, and 
is divided into six wards, tho' there is only one other burial place 
(viz.) that of Bernice, 5 which seems to be a remains of the ancient 
name of Bernicia., the old kingdom between the Tees and the Forth. 
And yet it is not one of the six wards, which are Woodside, Elsden, 
Otterburn, Through-end, Rochester, and Monkridge. Towards the 
west end is a presbyterian meeting house. 6 The inhabitants have a 
notion that this was a large place and a city on record, and they call 
the church the cathedral, and add that the town was often burnt 
down by the Scotch, which probably is true, for there are many 

20 ' Calala ' in a different hand. The names are Yetlington and Callaly. 
1 Bickerton. 2 This name has not been identified. 

3 The heraldic panel containing the arms of Umframville appears to 
have been inserted between 1421 and 1436. See Bates, Border Holds, 
p. 19 note. 

4 The inscription r[obertus] d[ominus] d[e] rede is immediately below 
the shield armorial, but is cut on another stone. 

5 The present parochial chapel or church of Byrness, the smallest in the 
archdeaconry of Lindisfarne, was erected apparently about the year 1786, 
which date is cut on a stone formerly near the doorway. See plan in 
Wilson, Churches of the Archdeaconry of Lindisfarne , p. 108. 

6 The meeting house of the Presbyterian church at Birdhopecraig repre- 
sents one of the oldest in the county, dating probably from the Great 
Revolution or soon after. 

15 



226 

foundations of houses, and they often dig out stones which, as I saw, 
appear to have been burnt. It is said by some writers (but on what 
authority I know not) that an imperfect altar, 7 broken urns, and bones 
of beasts, and ashes, have been found here, but I cou'd get no informa- 
tion of any such thing. There is a turnpike road from this place to 
Newcastle, and from that road another road goes to Hexham sixteen 
computed miles, and to New-castle 29J measur'd, and it is twenty 
measured miles from Jedburgh. I was told that at Bringburne, 8 
seven miles east of Rothbury on the Cocket, are several ruins. The 
post comes neither to this place or Rothbury. This advowson, worth 
300/ a year, and an estate of 100/. a year was sold by a Howard to 
the Duke of Somerset, and now belongs to the Earl of Northumber- 
land. 9 Bernice is 9 miles from Ellesden and a.bout five miles from 
the bounds of Scotland. 

To the north-east of the church is what they call the High Mote, 10 
which very much resembles the site of Old Salisbury. It is a mount 
about forty feet high with a fossee round it, to which there is a raim 
part, that may be 20 feet high, on every side, except to the north, on 
which side there is an out-work, which tho' not regular, may be about 
a fragment of one third of a circle, rising ten feet above the fossee, 
and is about eighty yards in length from east to west, to the north 
is a rampart to this out-work which may be 15 feet high within, and 
turns in to the south at each end about twelve yards', and fifty yards 
from the south side; this is about fifty feet high to the west over 
the burne. To the Mote there is a steep way up to the south-east, 
it is about 45 yards over from east to west, and about 40 from north to 
south, there being a rampart nine yards broad and four feet high which 
comes about two-thirds round it on the north and partly to the east and 
west' : from this fossee that encompasses it is a descent in most parts 
of about 20 feet as mentioned before. I am inclined to think that 
this is a Roman work, a view of it is represented on the other side. 11 

CORBRIDGB 12 IN NORTHUMBERLAND. 

October 3d, 1760. 
Dear Sister, 

On the 31st I went two miles to the north west to Camp 

7 No doubt the Bishop refers to the inscription from High Rochester, 
— now in the church. See Lapidarium, p. 291; C.I.L., vn., no. 1054. 

8 Brinkburn. 

9 Hugh, Earl (afterwards Duke) of Northumberland, purchased the 
manor of Redesdale, the advowson of Elsdon, and the farm of Overacres, 
in 1750, from William Howard. 

10 For a description of Elsdon Mote-Hills, see Rev. John Hodgson, 
History of Northumberland , part n., vol. i., p. 97. A Roman slab from the 
Mote Hills is in the Cathedral Library at Durham. See Lapidarium, 
p. 290, no. 558. 

11 A drawing in Indian ink. Beneath it is written ' A Fort at Ellesdon.' 

12 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 



227 

hill, 13 where there is a camp of a circular figure containing about 
three acres ; and such another on a summit of the same hill half a 
mile to the north west and is directly over Otterburne. These are 
supposed to be the camps of the English commanded in 1388 by Henry 
Percy, commonly called Hotspur on account of his daring valour. The 
Scotch Army was commanded by James Earl of Douglas; and they 
fought near this place as shall be more fully related. This battle 14 
has falsely been taken for the battle of Chivy Chase mention 'd in the 
antient ode, for these reasons, as ; the famous song of Chivy Chase 
mentions both the generals ; and that what has led some to think the 
battle of Chivy Chase was fought in another place is that these hills 
have lost the name of the Cheviot hills which they think belonged to 
the whole chain of hills from Wooller to Ellisden, and another battle 
was fought at Humble-down near Wooller which is mentioned in this 
ballad. Earl Douglas was filled, and Peircy was taken prisoner after 
the battle had been doubtfull two or three times, but at last the victory 
was with the Scotch, almost with the loss of their whole army, and 
1,500 English were left dead on the field. Near a measured mile 
north west of the camp is a large heap of stones near the end of a low 
ridge which extends first to the north and then to the west from the 
camp ; so that we may suppose the English came down this end of the 
hill, and that the sharp engagement was here. The Scotch were 
buried on the spot. It is heathy all round except about 20 yards to 
the south and west, where it is like a fine rich meadow ; and possibly 
the bodies of the Scotch might be trenched into this spot in which 
there are some inequalitys. On the top of the hill is a small mount, 
and below it I observed a spot of rank grass, where the English might 
be interred. It is a, large heathy plain below, and very fit for the 
engagement of two armies. This spot is in the parish of Ellesden and 
the ward of Otterburne. On the whole, this battle of Otterborn is 
related by our historians in this manner; but in the famous ballad, 
the action is represented only as a 'skirmish at a hunting match, be- 
tween a handfull of men ; and both the chiefs were kill'd ; so that 
action doubtless happen 'd in some other place about the hills which 
now go by the name of Cheviot, and this is the opinion of the country. 
We travelled this plain to the south west, and in about two miles 
came to Greenchesters. The name would make one look for some- 
thing Roman, and a branch of a military way is mention 'd as leading 
to it from Ellesdon, and by Ely house a little to the south west, and 
as crossing the Reid to Blaikhope 15 close to the river and joyning 

13 The two camps mentioned in the text are shown on the map prefixed 
to Robert White's History of the Battle of Otterburn. 

14 For an account of the Battle of Otterburn, see Rev. John Hodgson, 
Northumberland, part n., vol. i., pp. 115-132; also a paper read by Dr. 
Neilson, before the Glasgow Archaeological Society, on a fourteenth 
century poem on the fight, by Thomas of Barry, canon of Glasgow. 

15 This does not refer to the mountain named Blakehope, but to a 
hamlet or farm of the name on the right bank of the Rede, near to 
Elishaw bridge. 



228 

there to Watling Street ; and at this place there is a ford over the 
river, tho I saw nothing of the road ; but I observed a. furlong from 
Greench ester, 16 on the brow of the hill two sides of a small Roman 
Exploratory Camp : but the south side of it is destroyed : under this 
is Battlewood and a small enclosure below it, where they say bodies 
were interr'd, and there were some little risings in the ground, and 
the common notion is, that the slain were buried here, which might 
be, in relation to some part of the army, that might skirmish or be 
pursued. We went on about three miles up the river Reide, and came 
to Rochester, sometimes called Ribchester and Ritchester, consisting of 
two or three hamlets, at the upper hamlet are the remains of the 
ancient Bremenium, 17 twenty miles from Corstopitum at Corbridge, 
by Watling Street : so that this road must have crossed the Reide 
both here and at Risingham being 15 computed miles from Jedburgh. 
It must have been about 24 from Ancrum or Chester where I suppose 
was CoriaOttadenorum. This town was strongly fortified; the fossee 
on which the wall was built being about fifteen feet high, and there 
was a double fossee all round; and to the east I believe there were 
three ; to the west at a little distance is a rivlet, and a glyn rather 
deep so as to be a defence on that side ; on the top of the wall it was 
near about 150 yards square, there are modern ruins in it, and they 
talk of some gentleman having lived in a house built within the walls. 
I here met with this imperfect inscription, 18 

v/ota IECMA 

X SVSCEPTAE 

\C I S$ hsEL VC 

The famous inscription in Horsley, the 95th in Northumberland, 
mentioning the name of the place, was found here. They have often 
discover' d broken pots (probably urns) but I could meet with no 
coins. From this place I returned by the river, and by Otterborn 19 
where is the only gentleman's house in this vale, and that not con- 

16 See MacLauchlan, Map of Watling Street; and White, Battle of 
Otterburn, p. 30, where there is a plan of Greenchesters Camp. 

17 For a plan of Bremenium see MacLauchlan, Map of Watling Street; 
and for a description, Bruce, Roman Wall, p. 313. 

18 This inscription has not heen traced. 

19 At the time of the Bishop's visit, Otterburn belonged to Miss Isabella 
Hall as devisee of her brother Enoch Hall of Otterburn and Newbiggin, 
Chancellor of Carolina, who died October, 1753. 



229 

stautly inhabited ; then by a good house Netherwick, 20 and Over 
Aires, 1 the Earl of Northumberland's estate, who is lord of the whole 
dale. I saw on the opposite side of the river, on the hill, an old tower 2 ; 
and coming within a measured mile of Ellesden, crossed Ellesden 
burne, and came over the heathy mountains to Woodburne where I 
saw an old altar 3 set in a wall of a cow house, on one side is a spread 
eagle as in the cornice, and in the die is a flagon with a handle, a 
patera below it, and a broad knife of sacrifice on one side. This altar 
must have been brought from Risingham here; a little below this 
place where the Woodburne falls into the Reide is a bridge over the 
river. 

We went about a mile over a hill to Risingham, another Roman 
town, on Watling Street, and must have been Habitancum 5 of the 
Itinerary . . . . 4 miles from Bremenium. A little above the town 
are remains, as they told me, of a. stone bridge. This town is situated 
very near to the river, but it may be concluded from part of the fossee. 
which remains, that it does not seem to have been washed away by the 
river : it was not very strong, the rampart not being above ten feet 
high, and I saw no marks of a, second. It is about 140 yards square 
on the top of the wall. I here found the following inscription, 6 and 
fragments 

C I VL - P V PL- 

?.\V$ Tfcl 8 

VS. L' M- 

I saw an altar 7 cut in two all down in its length one piece was put 
over a chimney, on the other was this fragment 

20 Hatherwick, at the time of the Bishop's visit belonged either to 
Thomas Hall of that place or to his son, Gabriel. 

1 Overacres with the regality of Redesdale, purchased in 1754, by the 
Earl, afterwards Duke of Northumberland. 

2 Perhaps the tower of Troughend. 

3 This altar was seen by Lionel Charlton in 1753, who communicated a 
description to the Gentleman's Magazine for May of that year. See Rev. 
John Hodgson, Northumberland, part n., vol. i., pp. 183-184; and Lapi- 
darium Sept., Nos. 591 and 592. 

4 A space is left here. 

5 For a plan of Habitancum see MacLauchlan, Map of Watling Street, 
and for description, Bruce, Roman Wall, p. 331. 

6 Lapidarium Sept., p. 308, No. 590; C.I.L. vii., No. 991. 

7 Ibid., p. 310, No. 596; C.I.L. vii., No. 992, marti|victori|-vl-pvbli|-ivs 

TRIBJVSLM. 



230 



'77 


oai 


BL ! 


a / b 



/H. 

At the same place is another altar 8 but the inscription, if any, is 
worn off at the bottom, and the letters inverted, and therefore I doubt 
if ancient, which are these 

O DANA ; II / 

They find medals here ; I saw one of large brass of Maximian, and 
another of the Low Empire. There were some inscriptions that lay 
close to the river, and were washed away, but probably copied among 
the several inscriptions which Cambden has given from this place, by 
which it appears that the god Mogon was worshiped here, according 
to a. tradition he mentions among the inhabitants ; there is a lower 
bank between the rampart and the river. The folk on this side Wood- 
burae are a good sort of people, but in Reiddale they are sharper 
probably owing to the ancient Scotch incurtions. And in Tindale 
they seem to be a people of great simplicity. We proceeded over 
dismal heaths, two miles to the curious bridge of one arch over the 
Hied, it is about one 3d. of a circle, turned with a double arch, and 
two tiers of stone only over them for the battlement. A drawing of 
it is here seen. 8a 

We came over the same kind of heaths two measured miles to 
Billingham on Tine. In this vale Cambden mentions the old forts of 
Wilchester, Delaby probably Dala, 8b and Tarset, as formerly belonging 
to the Commins 9 ; I suppose of Scotland. The Tine is woody about the 

8 This inscription has not been traced. 

8a A drawing in Indian ink faces folio 68 of the MS. Beneath it is 
written ' A Bridge over the Reid.' 

8b Dalley or Dala Castle on the Chirdon burn was built by David de 
Lindesey in 1237. See Bates, Border Holds, pp. 55-56. 

9 The title of the Kings of Scotland in the franchise of Tindale is 
believed to have root in the marriage of David I. with Maud, daughter of 
Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland. From King David, Richard Cumin 
obtained a grant of Thornton, Staincroft, etc., in the valley of the South 
Tyne; and on the marriage in 1221 of Alexander II. with Jane, daughter 
of Henry III., William Cumin, the Scottish justiciary, obtained the 
privilege of holding a weekly market at Thornton. He was also the owner 
of Tarset, where, in 1267, John Cumyn had a camera which he obtained 
licence to crenellate (Bates, Border Holds, pp. 7-8). 



231 

place where the Ried falls into it, and forms a beautiful vale as far as 
I could see. Bellingham is finely situated on the Tine about two miles 
above the confluence of the Reide. It is a poor small market town, of 
not above fifty houses, and without any manufacture, 16 miles from 
Haltwesel, 18 from Brampton, 12 from Hexham, and about 16 from 
Bew-castle which I visited in Cumberland, which is .... 10 miles 
distant from Longtown. This North Tine, the Lidd 11 , and thelrthing 
which falls in at Carlisle, rising out of the same mountain about fifteen 
miles off. They told me that all along North Tine to the Reid, and 
on the west side below, there is only one parish (viz.) Simonburne, 
and the church is situated at the south east extremity of the parish ; 
There are two chapels of ease, one here, and one about six miles higher 
at Fauton 12 hall. Mr. Charleton, a Roman Catholick, has a large 
house and pleasant situation a mile above the town. 13 They have 
lime-stone here towards the top of the hills to the south ; they have it 
also to the north, and I believe in the same position. There is not one 
bridge over North Tine, but they have a summer ford at the town, 
and a winter ford a mile lower called Brigford which we crossed in 
the way to the south, and observed a farm house Buckland 14 to the 
east of the Tine, which commands a fine view all over the valleys, and 
adjacent country. 

Tinmouth 15 October 1760. 

Dear Sister, 

On the 3d. I set forward, and having cross'd the river, 
came in a mile to the Tine again, which runns in a deep narrow valley, 
the hanging ground being covered with wood and is very beautifull. 
In about a mile we came to Lee-hall, 16 a small gentleman's seat; here 
the road turns to the west, we soon after came to a ford, which is the 
best road, but not chusing to cross it, we came to green banks which 
appears as if it had been a peninsula with a rivlet to the west of it. 
Here the river turns again to the south. Ascending the hanging 

io ' pi ve » erased here. X1 The Liddell. 

12 Falstone, where there must have been a pre-Conquest chapel. An 
Anglian inscribed stone found there, is described with a plate, in Arch. Ael., 
ser. 1, vol. i., p. 103. 

13 Crossed through here. ' He is married into the baronet family of 
Swinburne towards Morpeth of the same persuasion.' 

Edward Charlton of Hesleyside married Teresa, daughter of Sir John 
Swinburne of Capheaton, third baronet. The house at Hesleyside seen by 
the Bishop, must have been the present mansion, which replaced a house 
stated to have been destroyed by fire circa 1740. 

14 Buteland in the parish of Chollerton and chapelry of Birtley. See 
new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., pp. 363-375. 

. 15 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 

lts A small estate in the parish of Simonburn, and on the right bank of 
the North Tyne which formerly belonged to a Protestant line of the Tyne- 
dale ' grain ' of Charlton, and the traditional scene of the Border story of 
the Long Pack. 



232 

ground, we had some very bad road through the woods ; as we should 
have come to this place across the heath. In about two miles we 
pass'd by Wark chapel which is allmost in ruins, and would be a very 
convenient place for a chapel, as they cannot pass to Bellingham when 
the waters are high ; and they are four miles from Simon-burne 
church ; what remains is an old building and seems to have been 
larger, there being two arches supported by a sort of Doric octagon 
pillars now filled up with part of the north wall ; half a mile beyond 
it is the village of Warke with a large mote-hill close to it ; we crossed 
a rivlet on such a bridge as described over the Reide. In about two 
miles we came near to Ninwick 17 ferry from which there is a turnpike 
road for two miles into the Military road from Carlisle to New-castle. 
Allmost opposite to this ferry, is Ohepcbase, Mr. Reed's, a large well 
built house of hewn stone of the last century with two fronts. At 
Ninwick Mr. Algood has a small house new built with a handsome 
front of hewn freestone, large offices, and a good plantation about it. 
Haifa mile to the west of it is Simon-burne church. I saw Swinburne 
Castle 18 on the other side of the river, and a mile up the hill, Great 
Swinburne, a handsome house 19 Mr. Riddle's. On this hill, we 
cross'd is a limestone quarry ; and soon came into the Military road, 
the Roman Wall being on one side and the vallum on the other, it 
then crosses the Wall, and both go down to Chester on the Wall 20 
about a quarter of a mile below the bridge, which is at Chollerford. 
The Wall is resumed at the south side of the eastern gate of the 
antient town Chester on the Wall and goes down to the river where 
one sees the remains of the pier of the bridge 1 in the bank, and more 
of it appears when the water is low. The Wall and vallum is visible 
all up the hill on the other side, and soon after, the Military road is 
carried along on the Wall with the fossee to the left, or north, and the 
vallum a little distance to the south, and so it is near as far the XVII. 
Stone from New-castle, that is about 3 miles from the bridge, and 
beyond that place where I turned of to go to Corbridge. How it is 
further I do not know. In this Chester on the Wall, I was shown a 
cavity called Adam's Garden, and a narrow building terminating in a 
semicircle, which they told me was lately discovered, and was arched 
over. This place call'd Chester on the Wall, or Warwick Chester, is 
the Roman Cilurnum. 2 I went half a mile south to Warwick Grange 

"Nunwick, 'came by purchase from the Herons to the Allgoods/ in 
whom the place rests. Rev. John Hodgson, Description of Northumber- 
land (1813), 8vo, p. 137. 

18 The Bishop evidently refers to Little Swinburn Tower. See new 
History of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 302. 

19 For a description of Swinburn Castle and an account of the township 
of Great Swinburn, see new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., pp. 272- 
289. 

20 Chesters, in the parish of Warden. 

1 The ancient Roman bridge at Chollerford is fully described, with 
plans, in the new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., pp. 164-168. 
2 Cilurnum is described in Bruce, Roman Wall, pp. 149-164. 



\ 



233 

which belongs to Mr. Errington. Here are some reliefs, on one — which 
was an altar, and is set into a wall with only one side visible — is an 
instrument of sacrifice in relief with which they killed the beasts : on 
another stone is the relief of a man on horseback with sword in hand 
and much defaced, on another is a lyon with his paw upon a man on 
the ground, in another compartment a man sitting with a pike in his 
left hand, in the right a sword, and some other relief on the foot of 
the chair. These as well as the inscriptions 3 are in freestone and 
much defaced, and I give them that it may be seen which of them have 
been copied before when they were more perfect. 

to N 

Another 



X H El 

Under a head in relief within a corona which seems to be sepul- 
chral, is this inscription 4 : — 



. D 

COM = V 
C A £" C I l I 
? r Rit c 

On one which seems to be sepulchral 5 : — 

R AI3CU 
//ASftVRX/.lP 
II CAI- IVS2>£0 

3 Lapidarium Sept., No. 125. 

4 Ibid., Nos. 128 and 129 coh v | caecili[i] | procvl[i]. 

5 This inscription has not been traced. 



234 

On a. small altar 6 the top of which is broken off : — 

I E F M € R I S 
£T SV/S OMNI 3 V5 

They now find very little coin at Chester. 

We came into the road at the XXII Stone from New-castl 1 , passed 
over a very good bridge, and ascended the hill, towards the top of 
which are little stone quarries, and came to the church of St. Oswald 7 
which is entirely new built. There are ruins and signs of foundations 
a.bout it. Oswald was king of Northumberland, made a saint probably 
by the voice of the people, which was doubtless the way of canonizing 
in those ages. Sigga a great man insidiously murdered Elfwald 8 king 
of Northumberland, on which the religious — it may be, professed 
religious like the Culdees in Scotland — built a church to St. Outhbert 
and St. Oswald, and the former title came to be swallowed up in the 
latter. This happenned at Cilumum supposed as said to be Silchester 
(sic) on the Wall. Oswald in a battle against Cedwall, king of Cumber- 
land, invoked Christ, imagining he might be a tutelar deity to him ; 
obtained the victory, became a Christian, and sent for Aidan of Scot- 
land to instruct his people. The place where the battle was fought, was 
called Heavenfield, now Halidon, which I was shown about five miles 
to the north north east being on the heighth of those downs. We had 
crossed the road from Alnewick by Rothbury to Hexam just beyond 
the bridge. That place I saw in 1747. Queen Ethelreda, 9 daughter of 
Ina king of the East Angles, gave Hexham to St. Wilfrid, Bishop of 
York, about 674 for an episcopal see, which he founded to St. Andrew : 

6 Ibid. 

7 The chapel, or church, of St. Oswald probably occupies the very 
spot where King Oswald set up the cross before the decisive Battle of 
Hefenfeld. See new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., pp. 176-180. 

8 Alfwald the Just, King of Northumbria, was slain, 23 Sept., 788, 
at c Scythlescester/ near the Wall, by the Patrician Sicgan. Bates, 
Northumberland, p. 81. 

9 Ethelrid, queen of Ecgfrid, King of Northumbria, and daughter of 
Ine, King of the East Angles, gave to St. Wilfrid, in 674, out of her dower, 
a tract of land comprising the district afterwards known as the regality 
of Hexham. See new History of Northumberland, vol. iii., p. 105. 



235 

There were 12 bishops in it before 814 when it was annexed to the 
see of Durham. Henry I. gave it to the see of York in 1173 and the 
Arch-bishop placed here canons regular of St. Austin. 

I came on, passed the XVIII Stone and saw the lime-stone 
quarries, and turning to the south east came in three miles to Cor- 
bridge. 

Newcastle 2 October 5th, 1760. 

Dear Sister, 

About half a mile from Corbridge is Dilston castle, 3 a 
large house of the late Lord Derwentwater's built to a square tower 
castle, there is a small chapel before it, in which mass used to be 
said, and potage given to all the poor people who would attend it. 
It is a fine situation. Near it at Denises-burne 4 (now corrupted into 
Dilsburne or Devilsburne) Oswald killed Cedwall, who had mur- 
dered two kings of Northumberland. Opposite to it is Beaufront 
a charming situation belonging to the family of Erington. 1 

Corbridge 5 is a small town finely situated on the north side of the 
Tine with hanging ground to the river. They have no manufactory 
but subsist by the great road leading thro' it to Hexham, from New- 
castle. The tower of the church seems to be old and built out of the 
ruins of the Roman bridge (the stones having marks of iron champs 
(sic) fixed in them) in the most barbarous time of the Saxons. Part 
of it has been destroyed, several octagon pillars remain in it. The 
Roman town Gorstopitum now call'd Cbleoester was about a quarter 
of a mile to the west of the town, it is so defac'd that the walls and 

10 For a list and brief notices of the Anglian Bishops of Hexham, see 
new History of Northumberland, vol. iii., pp. 112-116. 

II The ecclesiastical government of the church of Hexham with the 
district which belonged to it were surrendered to Archbishop Thomas I. of 
York by Uthred, Provost of Hexham, during the confused and troubled 
times after William the Conqueror ravaged the North in 1071. Archbishop 
Thomas II. sent secular canons in 1113, who were replaced by Archbishop 
Thurston with Austin canons. The grant assumed to have been made by 
Henry I. must have been after 1100 and before 1128; the Papal confirmation 
is circa 1119. See new History of Northumberland, vol. iii., pp. 121, 125, 
126, 130. 

1 Crossed through here : — c The widow married Lord Molyneux, a 
younger brother, the elder being a priest.' 

2 Brit, Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 

3 For an architectural account of the old mansion or castle at Dilston 
with plans, see new History of Northumberland, vol. x., pp. 286-296. 

4 The place where Cadwalla was clain after the battle of Hefenfeld 
in 634, is fixed by a charter made in 1233 between Thomas de Whitington 
and Archbishop Gray at Denisesburn, now the Rowley burn, where it 
joins the Devil's Water. See new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 
45. There is a plate of the old mansion house of Beaufront, removed in 
1841, in the new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 198. 

5 For a scholarly and very full account of the ancient Corstopitum and 
the town of Corbridge and its church, with illustrations and plans, see new 
History of Northumberland, vol. x. 



236 

fossees cannot be trac'd, but there are signs of several walls running 
from, east to west, and there are some little remains of two buildings 
in a line from north to south, which they call Constantine's palace ; 
and might be a public building where the Roman Emperors may 
have lodged. Watling Street 6 came down to it from the Roman 
Wall, where the present road is now seen. They find a great num- 
ber of coin, mostly of the Lower Empire, some silver also of the 
Upper Empire, and a few of gold : the altars and everything relating 
to sacrifices have been found at Colecester above mention' d, where 
the temple might be. They have found not only plain red glazed 
ware, but also much of that kind of ware with beautifull reliefs on 
it with the names of the potters and (DF for Officina after all 'the 
names, as vxolini, aventini.m. in which last M. stands for Montis, of 
the mountain, 611 silvi.capellani.alavtiani. And Mr. Walton" the 
minister has these, and several other pieces of antiquity, among them 
a sort of a leaden tessera., of the size of the small brass of the Lower 

Empire ; on it civaele with a star and branch under it ; reliefs of 

-** 

a boar on one stone, and a Capricorn on another ; on a stone is this 

inscription 8 : — 

IMPE.M 
P I V O N J O 

victo a i 

NO PF 

A VG 

On an altar having a Greek inscription 9 which with one other 

c For an account of Watling Street, see new History of Northumberland, 
vol. iv., pp. 214-219; and MacLauchlan, Survey of the Watling Street, etc. 

Ga Mr. Robert Blair writes that the Bishop was in error, and that M 
•stands for ' Manu,' by the hand of. 

7 John Walton, the younger, succeeded his father of the same name 
as vicar of Corbridge in 1742; he was a correspondent of Stukely and 
several of his letters are printed in vol. 80 of this series. He died in 
1765, and some portion of his collection of Roman antiquities apparently 
went to Netherby. 

8 This inscription has not been traced. 

9 Described in new History of Northumberland, vol. x., pp. 496-7, No. 1. 
See also Lapidarium Sept., No. 637. 



237 

are all that ever have been discovered in Britain is a patera on one 
side, and a flagon on the other : — 

A C T > Til C 

B QJ~ Ho /v m 
$ ec<> PAc 
tto y* \-x e pa< 

On another stone <Ja : — 

ifL-r 

TlTlCi/K 

VlBn/y/ 

TA£ 
UVI\ t c F 



On a stone now much defaced at the north east angle of the 
church is an inscription 10 which he told me is as follows : — 

LEG. II. AUG. COH. IV. FECT. 

There are several statues of a lyon over another lyon which is- 
fallen under him, two large ones I saw, so that it was probably the 
military sign of the legion stationed here. 

The following inscription 11 was lately found at Halton (Nunnum) 
(sic) on the Wall in which the mention of two legions is extra- 
ordinary : — 

9a This inscription has not been traced. 

10 Described in new History of Northumberland, vol. x., p. 502, No. 22. 
See also Lapidarium Sept., No. 645. 

11 This inscription has not been traced. 



238 




On the 3d. I set out and went eastward, not far from the river 
to Biding, and beyond the mill on the rivlet called Dipton, ascended 
the hills. In a mile more we came to Bromley. And then to Lead- 
hills whereto they bring piggs of lead, which are smelted at Dukes- 
hill mills, 12 ; the ore being brought from the mines of Alan and 
Wardle 13 belonging to Sir Walter Blacket, and are conveyed to 
Bladen in order to be carried by water to Newcastle. I saw a castle 
upon the banks of the river Tyne which I take to be Eltringham. 14 
We came to Wittenstall Chapel, 15 the west part of which is in ruins ; 
it is an old Gothic building. There is a long stone 16 in the church — 
yard with these letters on it c o l. but whether old or not I cannot 
say. We pass'd over another hill and descended to a delightfull 
vale on the Derwent, near which the fields and meadows are adorned 
with clumps of trees in a most beautifull manner. The vale also in 
which the Tine runns, is most charmingly divided with fields en- 
closed with wood. This country is supplied with limestone from 
Cleydon 16a in the Bishoprick, brought by sea, and then in flat bottom'd 
boats to Blaydon. 

12 For an account of Dukesfield smelt mills, the carriage of lead or pack 
horses, and of the inn where the horses rested at Leadhill, see new History 
of Northumberland, vol. vi., pp. 162, 372. 

13 Weardale, see p. 210, supra. 

14 There is no castle at Eltringham ; the Bishop evidently refers to 
Prudhoe Castle. 

15 The only fragment of the ancient chapel at Whittonstall, which was 
taken down in 1830, is an Early English corbel figured in new History of 
Northumberland, vol. vi., p. 199. 

1G The Bishop evidently refers to a coped grave-cover having a sword 
incised down the middle, which though shattered still exists. 

16a Cleadon, near Sunderland. 



239 

We ascended up to Ebchester, a village which is on the site of the 
antient Vindomora, nine miles from Corstopitum. The rampart to 
the west and south is over the glyns by which it was defended, it is a 
little irregular to the west as the ground is. The old town was 
about 200 yards long from north to south, 170 from east to west. 
They have found shores covered with flag stones and the outlets 
arched towards the valleys. They find no coin, and all the inscribed 
stones have been carried away. I met with a small altar just dug 
out with this inscription 18 on* it : — 

On one side 



<£ 



X> L0 N* 

ARKLN 

/v\JG KP» 



On the other side 



We had entered the Bishoprick of Durham when we passed the 
Derwent. I went on, and descended to a vale on the Derwent, and 
went over another hill, which led to the collieries, and turned to the 
left out of the road to Gibside, the late Mr. Bowes's, where I had 
been very kindly entertained by him in 1747, who carryed me from 
Durham to his house here and showing me, or taking care that I 
should see, every thing curious in the country. He was then making 
the fine green terrace which is very broad, and about a measured mile 
long, just before the house ; we came through a lawn on the river 
with single trees in it, and turned up by the w T ood (by the road which 
leads to the house) in which there are winding walks on the side of 
the hill, which lead to a summer-house at this end. We rid through 

17 For an account of the station at Ebchester, see Bruce, Roman Wall, 
p. 346; Arch. Ael., ser. 1, vol. iv., p. 266; Proceedings of Newcastle Society 
of Antiquaries, ser. 2, vol. iii., pp. 55-58; iv., p. 186. An account of the 
early history of the place may be found in a paper by the late Mr. 
W. H. D. Longstaffe, in Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeo- 
logical Society of Durham and Northumberland, vol. ii., p. 125. For some 
notice of the very early Norman church, by Mr. C. C. Hodges, see Proceed- 
ings of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries, ser. 2, vol. iii., p. 56. The 
church suffered a ' restoration ' in 1876 ; and in 1912 with misplaced zeal a 
tower was added which, like an upstart, breaks the tranquillity of the 
ancient building. 

18 Cf. Lapidarium Sept., p. 351 = deo m|arti et n| avg n. 

19 Some account of the stately mansion of Gibside, now deserted by its 
owner, and of the history of the place may be found in Surtees, Durham, 
vol. ii., pp. 253-254. 



240 

the wood and came to the house with a lawn between it and the 
grand terrace. From the lawn at the house is a view of a pillar at a 
distance on which is the statue of Liberty gilt, and going through the 
wood, we soon came to a handsome building facing the east, which I 
believe serves for some office, and then to a piece of water of a 
multangular figure. Over which on the hill is a large Gothic build- 
ing for a summer-house with slopes up to it. We then rid about a 
mile through the wood having a view of the pillar in some places, 
by that road in which Mr. Bowes 20 that day fortnight was carried 
to be burried at the parish church of Wickham. The whole ride 
through these plantations is about two measured miles. There was 
an old house, of the style of building used in the time of King James 
I. to which they have made an addition in the same line and a 
return ; we came, in about two miles, to Wickham, and saw to the 
left Sir Thomas Clavering's fine large house, 1 the shell of which is 
just finished, in hewn freestone, and a little beyond it are the great 
iron works which I formerly viewed. They belong to Mr. Crowly. 2 
We then came most of the way by the coal wagon-roads, in which it 
is curious to see the wagons go down the hills without any horse or 
man to draw them ; only a man to stop the wheels when it is too 
steep, the horse being tyed behind, and when they come on a level 
he is taken of and draws, the wheels are of cast iron with a rim 

20 George Bowes of Gibside, born, 21 Aug., 1701; died at Gibside, 17 
Sept., 1760; and was buried at Whickham. He was succeeded by his only- 
child, Mary Eleanor Bowes, who married first John Lyon, ninth earl of 
Strathmore, in those descendants the estate rests; Lady Strathmore married, 
secondly, Andrew Kobinson Stoney of Grey fort, Tipper ary. 

1 Sir Thomas Clavering, seventh baronet, the representative of opulent 
Newcastle merchants, descended from the very ancient house of Clavering 
of Callaley, born 1718, built his new mansion house from a design of 
Payne's in the grounds of White House, in the parish of Eyton, an old 
seat of the Selbys, and transferred to it the name of a seat-house at Axwell 
Houses, across the river Derwent, in the parish of Whickham. 

3 For accounts of the ironworks established at Winlaton circa 1690 by 
Sir Ambrose Crowley (died 1713), see Surtees, Durham, vol. ii., pp. 272-273; 
and Monthly Chronicle, vols. 1888, p. 97; 1889, p. 148; 1890, p. 536. 
Sir Ambrose Crowley had an only son, John Crowley, born 1689, who 
married Theodosia, daughter of Doctor Joseph Gascoigne, vicar of Enfield, 
and had issue two sons and four daughters. The sons, John and 
Ambrose, died s.p. and the great inheritance fell to the four daughters 
and their issue. Elizabeth Crowley, the second daughter, became the wife 
of John, "second Earl of Ashburnham, 28 June, 1756. 

In addition to the great wealth which Lord Ashburnham obtained by 
his marriage with Elizabeth Crowley, he acquired some of the magnificent 
silver plate which was offered for sale at Messrs. Christie and Manson's, 
24th, 25th and 26th March, 1914. The Crowley pieces comprised : — 

A toilet set of silver gilt, weighing 626 oz., most of the articles having 
been made in 1719 by George Pyne and having the arms of Crowley 
impaling Gascoigne ; sold for £6,100. 

A wine cistern weighing 667 oz., made in 1720 by Gabriel Sleath, 
having the arms of Crowley impaling Gascoigne; sold for £1,934. 

A centre piece weighing 513 oz., made in 1747 by Nicholas Sprimont„ 
with the arms of Ashburnham and Crowley; sold for £307. 



241 

round within which hinders them from going off the frame and they 
are made a little hollow from that rim to the outside. I came to 
Newcastle on Tine. 

Sunderland 3 October 8, 1760. 
Dear Sister 

From Newcastle I made an excursion on the 4th to the 
north east, went about a mile in the Morpeth road, and in two miles 
came to a large village I think called Gosford. In a mile more to 
Long Benton, beyond which is a church. In 2 miles we came to 
Kilingworth, in two more to Base-worth. 4 and about a mile further 
to Sighill where Mr. Algood of Nenwick, 5 mentioned before, has a 
house built to a castle. Here Cambden, 6 I know not for what reason, 
places Segedunum. I enquir'd after it, and about a quarter of a mile 
north of the house I was shewn a small entrenchment about fifty 
yards square, and there is another about a quarter of a mile near 
west of the same size, which I look upon only as a sort of iircetorium 
for the general, and it may be a second great officer when the Roman 
army were on their march. We went on a little way to the north, 
and then about two miles to the south east, to Seaton Delaval, where 
I saw Mr. Delaval's house and plantations. The avenue, about half 
a mile long, is planted on each side with wood : and there is an 
obelisk on one side which is not high enough, as the woods are grown 
up. At the back of the house and to the south are plantations and 
walks, and a high pillar terminates the view one way. The house is 
exactly in the Vanbrugh style with a high pavilion in the middle, a 
tower on each side towards the middle, and a sort of a bow of five 
sides at each angle of the front said to be the architecture of Sir 
George Refeld. 7 But the offices on each side are in a good style; in 
the length of one is a narrow gallery for a library. The house con- 
sists of a hall up to the top which is all hewn stone within as well 
as the galleries ; in these niches on each side towards the top are six 
colossal statues representing the Arts and Sciences. On each side of 
it are family apartments. The hall leads to the grand apartment at 
the back of the house, first a fine saloon, then a dining room, a 
drawing room and a room beyond it with a bow window in the side 

3 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 

4 Backworth, in the parish or chapelry of Earsdon. 

5 Sir Lancelot Allgood obtained Seghill in marriage with Jane Allgood, 
only child of Robert Allgood of Nunwick, also, at length, heiress-at-law 
of George Allgood of Seghill, who died in 1727. He was knighted in 1760. 
See new History of Northumberland, vol. ix., p. 71. 

6 For a discussion on Camden's attempted identification, see ibid., p. 54. 

7 The mansion house of Seaton Delaval, as designed by Sir John 
Vanbrugh, was commenced in 1720 and completed in or before 1729. It 
suffered greatly from a fire in 1752, and it is probable that the rebuilding, 
which was on the original plan, may have been under the superintendence 
of the ' Sir George Befeld ' mentioned in the text. For a description of 
the structure see new History of Northumberland, vol. ix., pp. 179-182. 

16 



212 

of it ; all well furnished and adorned mostly with family pictures, but 
there are some good Italian pieces, as a Bassano, &c, and some of 
the family pieces are well copied by Mrs. Ashly, s a lady of the family, 
who had a genius for painting. Most of the good pictures 9 were the 
furniture of the Admiral's 10 cabin, who if I mistake not was at the 
taking of Vigo. 11 They have a good reding house here. 

I went on and passed through the small village call'd Seaton, and 
then by Hartley saltpans, and in four miles came to Tinmouth. About 
half a mile to the north of it on the sea. I observed a mount which 
seemed to be an old Roman fort and if the Vallum did come so far, 
as some imagine, it is a probable termination of it, and answers by 
the name of Penval Craig, (the head of the Rampier in the rock). 
Tinmouth is a most pleasant situation at the mouth of the Tine,, 
where the castle takes up the south east angle. Horsley makes this 
Segedunum and places Tunnocetum at Boultness where the Alia 
Classica was stationed. Oswy 12 king of Northumberland caused 
Oswik another king of Northumberland to be murdered, and his body 
iwas buried in the oratory of St. Mary at the mouth of the Tine, 
where many lived together in a monastick way. Hingheu and 
Hubba the Danes 13 destroyed this monastery, and the monks flying 
to a church, they burnt them in it. There was a castle here belong- 
ing to the Earls of Northumberland. Earl Robert de Mowbray 14 
brought monks to the old church and made it a Benedictine cell to 
St. Albans. 15 It then seemed to have been only near the castle within 
w r hich it is now enclosed. He made it a stronghold when he rebelled 
against William Rufus and, being obliged to surrender, he retired to 
the monastery, but was taken out of it, and confined in a noisome 

8 Rhoda, daughter of Francis (Blake) Delaval, Captain R.N., born 
1 July, 1725, married 23 May, 1751, Mr, Edward Astley of Melton Constable, 
afterwards fourth baronet. 

9 The picture gallery is broken up and its contents are scattered. The 
best pictures seem to have gone to Ford Castle; and on the sale of that 
estate in 19..., some of the family portraits were transferred to Lord 
Waterf ord's Irish home at Curraghmore ; other portraits are at Doddington 
in Lincolnshire. 

10 Vice-Admiral George Delaval, born circa 1660, sometime envoy to the 
Emperor of Morocco and to the King of Portugal, became owner of Seaton 
Delaval in 1718, by purchase from his kinsman, Sir John Delaval. He 
provided the consideration paid for the estate and paid for the building of 
the mansion house out of his prize money. 

II Vigo was taken 12 October, 1702. 

12 Oswin, King of Deira, slain by Oswy, King of Bernicia, was buried at 
Tynemouth, as was asserted and believed, and was afterwards made the 
patron saint of the monastery. 

13 The Danes under Halfdene sailed into the Tyne in 875 and destroyed 
the Anglian monastery of Tynemouth. See new History of Northumber- 
land, vol. viii., p. 40. 

14 Robert de Mowbray, the Earl of Northumberland, fell into rebellion, 
and was defeated in 1095 to suffer a long imprisonment before his death. 

15 Robert de Mowbray, transferred the church of Tynemouth to the 
Abbot and Convent of St. Albans in 1085. 



243 

prison till he died. It appears that the original church 16 was des- 
stroyed, for a large Saxon 17 pillar or two, and an arch remain at the 
north east end of the body of the present church, which was rebuilt 
with octagon pillars and the Gothic Doric capital. But the east end 
and transept (which latter is mostly destroyed) is a most magnificent 
Gothic building, with three long narrow windows at the east end and 
on each side, adorned with sculpture, and there are signs of the 
arches that covered the buildings, but there is an addition over these 
of at least 15 if not twenty feet, with oblong square windows, and 
the building within is not cased with hewn stone. I could not con- 
ceive the purpose of this, unless that the arch having fallen in, or 
being destroyed, they intended to raise the church, but the Reformat 
tion coming on, and the monastery being dissolved, prevented the 
design. There are ruins of great buildings of the monastery to the 
south of the church. The bad entrance to the harbour, occasion'd 
by a bar of sand and rocks, is remedied as much as possible by light- 
houses 18 <fec. Here is great resort in summer for bathing in, and 
drinking of salt water. The port of Newcastle reaches to North and 
South Sheels, 19 and a little higher up where there are great salt 
pans. 20 To this place, the coals are brought in lighters down to the 
ships ; and here is commonly a man of war ; and at Tinmouth are 
batteries for defence of the harbour, and » barrack for several com- 
panies:, who are always quartered here in time of war. I came nine 
miles to Newcastle, passing near Walls-end at three miles from the 
town, where the foundation of the Wall has been dug up ; and here, 
it is supposed to have ended. Near Sheels a Roman altar was found 
several years agoe of which Dr. Lister 1 gave an account to the Royal 
Society. 

Newcastle, anciently called Monk-Chester, is a town, and county 
finely situated on a rising ground to the north of the Tine, and is a 
large populous town. They compute 30,000 souls, and have four 
churches, or rather one church and three chapels. 2 In the principal 

16 For an exhaustive description of the church and monastery of Tyne- 
mouth with plans and illustrations, see new History of Northumberland, 
vol. viii., pp. 136-153. 

17 The Anglian stones of Tynemouth are figured ibid., pp. 132-135. 

18 For notices of the light-houses, ibid., pp. 205-207, 274-278. 

19 For an account of Sir William Brereton's visit to South Shields salt 
pans in 1638, see p. 18, supra. 

20 Probably Howden Pans. 

1 See Philosophical Transactions for 1682 No. 145, p. 70. Martin 
Lister, M.D., was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, 2 Nov., 1671. 

2 The great church of St. Nicholas is the parish church of Newcastle, 
and the incumbent thereof is the Vicar of Newcastle. Under it and within 
the parish are the three ancient parochial chapels of St. Andrew, St. John 
and All Saints, formerly called All Hallows, the incumbents of which, 
though now styled vicars, are perpetual curates, and are admitted by the 
bishop's licence, on the presentation of the vicar of Newcastle as patron, 
without institution or induction. 



244 

church, which is the mother-church, there is much Gothic work ; the 
old stalls remain in the quire, and skreens about the chapels and at 
the west end of the quire. 3 The castle was rebuilt by Duke Robert, 
the Conqueror's son ; it is a square high building and perfectly in the 
Saxon taste 4 ; from this castle the town changed its name to New- 
castle. It is encompassed with walls, 5 and they say that Pandon-gate 6 
is a tower of the old Roman Wall. They have an exchange, market 
house, and a good quay. The old town is ill laid out, the streets 
being steep and narrow up the hill ; but in the upper parts of the 
town are some wide streets where many gentlemen have houses who 
live constantly in town, and others who winter here. Dr. Tomkins 7 
gave his books to the Corporation, and Sir Walter Blacket, or one of 
his family, built a library for them, and settled a larger salary on 
the librarian. 

Besides the great trade of coal, they have glass-houses, 8 the trade 
of iron-ware made at the iron-works near, by Mr. Crowly. 9 They 
export lead having first melted it down and taken out the silver they 
get. A great quantity is sent to Holland to make white lead, and it 
is said the Dutch extract more silver out of it. They here export 
the salmon which is caught in the Tweed at Berwick, and also the 
salt made at Sheals and other places, build a great number of ships, 
and import every thing for the use of Northumberland, Durham 
Westmoreland and part of Cumberland, so that they have great shops 
of all kinds. And the new Military road 10 is an advantage to their 
trade, for Carlisle is supplied with everything from Newcastle that 
comes from the north and eastern ports, along the British sea,. It 
is thought to be Pons JElis of the Notitia. The Corporation here 

3 All the carved wood work in St. Nicholas's was torn down and the 

* many f aire monuments ' were removed in 1783, in the first of the many 

* restorations ' which the church has since suffered, and no doubt will 
continue to endure. 

*The castle of Newcastle was built in 1080 by Robert, son of William 
the Conqueror. 

6 For an admirable account of the town walls see a paper by the late 
Mr. Sheriton Holmes on ' The Walls of Newcastle-upon-Tyne/ Arch. Ael., 
ser. 2, vol. xviii., p. 1. 

6 Pandon gate is figured in Richardson's Table Book, vol. ii., p. 374. It 
was pulled down in 1795. • 

7 ' Tomkins ' underlined, and in another hand * Tomlinson, quere,' 
written above it. See Six North Country Diaries, p 89, for notice of 
Dr. Thomlinson's foundation. When the rooms built by Sir Walter 
Blackett, adjoining St. Nicholas's, were desired for ecclesiastical purposes, 
such portion of the library as had escaped the neglect of six or eight 
generations was transferred to the Public Library of Newcastle. The 
endowment, secured by a rent charge on the farm of Kearsley in the parish 
of Stamfordham, has been commuted or sold, but the proceeds of the same 
have not been transferred to the Public Library authorities. 

8 Not one of the glass houses, which stood in the Close, at the mouth of 
the Ouse-burn and further down the river, now remains. 

9 See p. 212, supra. 



245 

has 10,000/. a year : and pay large stipends to their ministers. This 
place is also a great thoroughfare to Scotland, so that it is every way 
the fourth town for trade in England, after London, Bristol and 
Liverpool. There is a large bridge 11 over the Tine, half of it belongs 
to Durham, and the other part to Newcastle, and is divided by a gate : 
They have shops in each side of the bridge. It leads to the suburb 
called Gateshead in the Bishoprick of Durham which is much in- 
habited by colliers. Here is a beautifull Gothic chapel 12 with seven 
single windows in front, a fine door case, and two ornamental niches 
in two stories on each side. It was a Popish mass-house 13 and 
destroyed by the mob in 1745, and is now in ruins. 

Hartlepoole 14 October 9th, 1760. 
Dear Sister 

I made an excursion 8 miles to the south to Chester on 
the Street where there is a fine light spire to the church in which are 
many monuments of the Lumley family. A little beyond it we left 
the high road to go to Lumley Castle and crossed the Were. It is 
a most noble building with a tower at each angle and built round a 
court. This family is descended from Liulphus a nobleman of the 
time of Edward the Confessor. Ralph was made Baron of Lumley 
by Richard II. John Lord Lumley 15 collected all the monuments of 
the family, made some new ; and placed them in the church of 
Chester 16 at which church the Bishops of Lindisfarne 17 lived 113 
years, during the Danish wars and brought to it the body of St. 
Cuthbert. Bee, Bishop of Durham, founded here a collegiate church 
with a dean and seven prebendaries. Bishop Egelric is said to have 

10 The Military road connecting 1 Carlisle with Newcastle, was made by 
General Wade in the middle of the eighteenth century. 

11 The Tyne bridge erected in the thirteenth century was destroyed by 
the great flood of November, 1771. 

12 The chapel of the Hospital of St. Edmund at Gateshead. 

13 According to Surtees, Durham, vol. ii., p. 127, the destruction of St. 
Edmund's house at Gateshead by the mob took place in 1747. 

14 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 

15 John, Lord Lumley, ultimus, died 11 April, 1609. 

16 The same John, Lord Lumley, inflated by pride of family, 
caused to be placed in the church of Chester a long line of tombs to 
represent his ancestors as he thought they should appear. Two out of 
the twelve were obtained from the Cathedral of Durham by licence of 
Bp. Matthew; they were not of members of the Lumley family, but probably 
that of FitzMarmaduke. Another, the effigy of the said Lord Lumley's 
father, may be accepted as correct. See Transactions of the Architectural 
arid Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland, vol. iii., p. v. 

17 When the congregation of St. Cuthbert fled from Lindisfarne on 
account of the Danish invasion, they settled at Chester, circa 882, on the 
site of a Roman station : there they built themselves a church of wood 
which remained until the time of Bishoj) Egelric (1042-1056) when he 
replaced it by one of stone. See ibid., vol. iv., pp. lxxiii.-lxxiv., where the 
story of the recovered treasure is mentioned. 



246 

found a great deal of money in digging here to rebuild the church, 
and left his bishoprick, returned to his abbey of Peterborough and 
made several causeys through the Fens. Lumley Castle stands very 
finely ; in it is a hall in which are the pictures of Richard the II., 
giving the patent, 18 and of several of the first lords : beyond that is 
a very fine saloon highly finished with stucco, a large dining room, a 
drawing room, and two others; above are very convenient bed 
chambers. In the rooms are several pictures mostly either family 
pieces, or of kings and queens and great persons. 18a 

I went three miles further up the Were, on the other side of it is 
Cocken 19 Mr. Carr's, a most beautifull place. The river winds and 
forms a peninsula., and some others beyond it. One ascends from the 
river up to the house by a riding through a wood, you then go to a 
high ground which commands a view of the river, and winding round, 
a peninsula appears and several views of it in different parts. The 
walk winding round the heighth (sic), and at length leads down to the 
river near Finkale Abbey, where there is a walk up the river with 
high perpendicular cliffs, and trees growing out of them, and wood on 
the hanging ground on the other side, and so also below where we 
saw a seam of coal in the rock. We came to a lawn, and then had 
lower cliffs in the same manner on the other side of the river, all 
finely kept and adorned with flowers and flowering shrubs, which 
makes it altogether a most delightfull place. I went over to see 
Finchale Abbey. 20 Here lived Godrious a hermit, and here Bishop 
Pudsey's brother built a chapel. It was afterwards a prior)- and cell 
to the monastery of Durham. Synods were held here in 788 and 
798. The present church is large, and appears to have been allmost 
destroyed, and they have built up Gothic windows between the 
pillars ; they are of the Doric Gothic, and there is something parti- 
cular in the capital. The pillars that supported the tower in the 
middle are seven feet in diameter and one is 8, in which there is a 
stair case. The priors lodging seems to have joyned to the church ; 
under the refectory are vaults supported by pillars, and there are 
great ruins about it, so that probably it was a place for the monks 
of Durham to retire to in summer, from which place it is about four 
miles. 

18 Described by Surtees, Durham, vol. ii., p. 154. 

18a Crossed out here. ' An estate came into the family by an heiress ; 
whoever took that estate was not to have the old estate of the family, and 
it being about £500 a year better than the Lumley estate. This is given 
up to Mr. Lumley, a younger branch of the family.' 

19 For an account of Cocken in the parish of Houghton-le-Spring, with 
pedigree of Carr, see Surtees, Durham, vol. i., pp. 206, 208-209. 

20 For an account of Finchale Abbey, see Dr. Kaine's volume, being 
No. 6, and the Eev. Joseph Stevenson's volume, being No. 20 of this series; 
Inventory of the vestments, books, etc., circa 1481, edited by Dr. Fowler : 
Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham 
and Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 134; Proceedings of the Newcastle Society 
of Antiquaries, 3 ser., vol. vi., pp. 229-236. 



247 

I left New-castle on the 8th and came six miles on the south of 
the Tine to Jarrow, formerly called Gerwy, the native place of Bede, 
where he studied and lived, in whom learning seemed both to revive 
and dye. It was founded by Bishop Benedict in the time of King 
Ecfrid, who sent Ceolfrid to it as first abbot, with 17 monks from 
Weremouth, and probably he inspected and directed the building, 
and therefore in the following inscription, 1 which is in the wall of 
the church, is called the founder. 

DEDICATIO BASILICAE 

SCI PAVLI Villi KL MAII 

ANNO XV EGFRIDI REG 

CEOLFRIDI ABB. EIVS DEMQ it IS SO (sic) 

Q. ECCLES. D. />. AVCTORE 

COND1TORIS ANNO IIII 

In ancient times large churches, with a body and a quire, were 
called basilicae. It was dedicated to St. Paul, and William of Malms- 
bury by mistake places at Weremouth. The tower of the church is 
built with clumsy Saxon arches between the body and the quire. The 
tower on the outside also is of Saxon architecture with two arched 
windows on two sides, within a square compartment; below is a 
window divided by a Saxon pillar ; from the top of this it begins to 
lessen gradually to the upper windows. The windows to the church 
are arched and small. There is a porch to it, which seems to have 
been patched up to the old door, and the church has been widened 
with a Gothic arch on each side. They pretend to shew Bede's Chair; 
the two sides are of thick oak and seem to be old, but all the other 
parts seem to be modern additions. There are some remains of the 
refectory and other buildings, and particularly to the south of the 
church, with some old Saxon door-cases, which might be the chapter- 
house, and abbot's lodgings. It is a fine elevated situation, a penin- 
sula between the river and a rivlet that falls in here, into which the 
tyde comes. From this place I went three miles to Cleydon 2 lime- 
stone quarries, in which there is in one part, what they call the coral 
bed, about ten feet thick, there being for four or five feet over it a 
bed of coarse stone, and sort of round nodules joyn'd together, 
appearing to be made by the running of water. When broke, they 
appear some of them stony in the middle with sparry shoots from 

1 When the nave of the church at Jarrow, with part of the chancel, was 
rebuilt in 1782, the inscription set out in the text was taken from its 
place in the north wall of the chancel and removed to the arch of the 
tower. See Surtees, Durham, vol. n., p. 67; ' The Monastery and Church of 
St. Paul, Jarrow,' by J. R. Boyle, where the stone is figured; Arch Ael., 
2 ser., vol. x., pp. 195-217; 'Jarrow Church and Monastery,' by the Rev. 
H. E. Savage, now Dean of Lichfield; Arch. Ael., 2 ser., vol. xxii., p. 30; 
also Inventories and Account Rolls of the Houses of Jarrow and Monk- 
wearmouth, ed. Raine, being No. 29 of this series. 

2 Cleadon, in the parish of Whitburn. 



248 

the centre stone, and such there are between the bed of the coral. 
The coral runs through the bed and is large, it seems to be of the 
Madrepore kind, but in some other beds there are smooth stones 
with circles in them which do not go through but lye in thin lamina, 
and no sign of such veins from the center as in coral. Some of the 
nodules seem to be entirely shot out and no stone left in the middle, 
and that in shape of some of the ribbed limpets. I took specimens 
of all these kinds. There is some which resembles what is commonly 
called petrified moss. I was at East Bowden, but there it is a plain 
stone. This stone is sent to distant parts to make lime being near 
water carriage. 

I went on to Monks-Were-mouth, 3 opposite to Sunderland, where 
the same Bishop Benedict built another church and founded a 
monastery, and I believe the old church is still remaining. Con- 
cerning this Benedictine cell, see Tanner's Notitia. On the side 
of the Were they build ships. At Whitburn adjoining, some Roman 
coins have been found. 

I crossed the Were, the Vedra of Ptolemy and the new map, to 
Sunderland, 4 a town which lias risen up within this 100 years, mostly 
by the coal trade. It consists chiefly of the lower street near the 
key and river, and the upper street, and some lanes which go from 
them. They have built a pier 400 yards long and near 40 feet broad. 
To part of it is a wall to the south ; and there are stairs down to the 
water, and windlaces to draw up ships or boats against the current, 
and the whole is flagged. They are at great expense in improving 
the harbour. They have large decked boats on which women throw 
up all the earth and gravel they can get up, and then the boat is taken 
out, and 'tis shovePd into the sea ; and they also dredge for the earth, 
and draw harrows backward and forward in the water in order to 
loosen the earth that it may be carried out by the current. They 
have a fine large church 5 built about 50 years agoe of brick, and 
arched sash windows with window cases, door cases and cornice of 
freestone. The roof is supported by Corinthian pillars ; near it is an 
hospital on one side ; and, to the south, an assembly room and hos- 

3 For notices of Monkwearmouth Church, see ' Abbess Hilda's First 
Religious House/ by Rev. H. E. Savage, now Dean of Lichfield, Arch. Ael., 
ser. 2, vol. xix., p. 47; Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeol- 
ogical Society of Durham and Northumberland, vols, ii., iii., v. ; the Rev. 
J. R. Boyle ' on the Monastery and Church of St. Peter, Monkwearmouth/ 
Arch. Ael., ser. 2, vol. xi., p. 33; see also The Early Christianity of North- 
umbria, a lecture delivered at Sunderland 6 April, 1875, by A. P. Stanley, 
Dean of Westminster : privately printed by Mr. V. A. Williamson, 1904. 

A The town and township of Sunderland in 1719 constituted a parish and 
rectory by Act of Parliament, being taken out of the ancient and extensive 
parish of Wearmouth, has come to give its name to the two Wearmouth 
parishes on either side of the river. 

*It is stated that Sunderland parish church retained to the third 
quarter of the nineteenth century a square communion table which stood in 
a circular recess, covered by a dome, at the east end of the chancel, 
presenting a late survival of the Puritan fashion. 



249 

pital 6 for decayed seamen and their families. The ships are half 
laden at the keys, then go out and the coals are brought in lighters 
to fill them ; and in bad weather so many drop into the sea., that the 
poor pick them up and are chiefly supplied with fuel this way. 

Gisborough 7 October 10th, 1760. 
in Yorkshire. 

Dear Sister, 

On the 9th I left Sunderland, went three miles by the 
strand, and observed in the freestone cliffs some thing like a ludus 
Helmontii made by a sparry substance, and the compartments were 
three feet each way. Most of the stone on the shear is lime-stone. 
We went seven miles to Eden, and then down again to the strand, 
and came by it four miles to Hartlepool, 8 which is a most beautifull 
and singular situation, being a peninsula joyned by an isthmus to the 
west, on which there is a wall defended by towers, some of which 
are round, others square, and an arch turned in the wall now filled 
up, which probably was to bring in their small boats within the wall 
in time of danger. This enclosure extends a little way to the north 
west ; on the other side, the town is mostly defended by cliffs 
towards the sea. It consists of one broad street, near the end of 
which is the fine church and tower, and beyond that some fields on 
the cliffs to the east, as well as on each side. To the Gothic single 
windows of the church are false windows on each side, and the round 
pillars on each side of these are in the Saxon style; and the south 
door is Saxon. They have built buttresses originally to the tower; 
those to the west seem to have formed a porch, on each side of which 
is a door with a treble arch. In the porch to the south door, are a 
sort of Corinthian Saxon small pillars the capitals of which are a 
running foliage; each side of the porch was divided by them into 
three parts, the other pillars being in couplets. The isles have been 
refitted with a sort of Venetian window in imitation of the Gothic. 
The east end extended, as 'tis said, twelve yards further. The pillars 
of the arch leading to it were also Saxon, the others are adorned 
with a fillet and the middle pillar is pointed : the other pillars con- 
sist of eight round pilasters. 

There was a monastery 9 here to the north of the church ; but all 

6 For some notices of the charitable institution known as the Muster 
Roll for Seamen, which owns the assembly room and almshouse, see Surtees, 
Durham, vol. I., p. 267. 

7 Brit. Mus. Add. MS. 14259. 

8 For a general history of Hartlepool, see report of the late Mr. 
W. H. D. Longstaffe's address, delivered there 23 May, 1865; Transactions 
of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northum- 
berland, vol. i., p. xii.; see also the Rev. J. F. Hodgson, on Hartlepool 
and Darlington Churches, Arch. Ael., ser. 2, vol. xvii., pp. 145-201. 

9 See History of Hartlepool, by Sir Cuthbert Sharp, and Surtees, 
Durham, vol. in., p. 119. 



250 

is destroyed, and the house built on the spot is called the old Frery. 
Bede calls this place Heorfte. Huntingdon calls it Gervi insula, 
and sales a woman called Heiu built a monastery here about 640. 
She is also called St. Bega. This monastery was called Heorthu 
and St. Hilda was Abbess of it. This probably was at the church ; 
and the Grey-friers founded before 1275 was probably at the friery. 
They have two bastions to defend them from the privateers, and a 
pier to shelter the shipping. 

Their chief support is the colliers putting in when the weather 
is bad, and some export of corn and a small market : and of late 
years people come to drink the salt water and bathe. They have a 
handsome town-house which serves for an assembly room. The shear 
affords some curious shells, as the red and purple Came ; the small 
Trochi and Buccinum ; the phrygian bonnet, limpet and others. 
The rocks here are freestone. It is nine computed miles to Stockton 
on the Tees : the Dunum Estuarium of Ptolemy, and the Tera of 
the new map, and when the tyde is in, it is eleven. 

Stockton is finely situated and most beautifully laid out, the 
principal street is about fifty yards broad, with a town house and 
shambles in the middle of it, and it is a quarter of a mile long. Two 
streets run paralell with it from the east for about 200 yards, and 
there are three or four streets which lead from it to the keys and 
bank, for there is a key at each end; and to the east they build 
ships. At the end of the town is a handsome well built church of 
brick, the windows are built in this singular manner [a sketch] being 
divided into three parts;, with piers of brick arched over instead of 
iron as usual in windows of that kind, and at the east end a window 
in this form with an entablature at the spring of the arches and the 
window frames and piers with bases is formed into a kind of Vene- 
tian window which has a. good effect on the whole, the middle window 
being divided also by mullions instead of iron bars according to the 
common way. Beyond the church m a bowling green with buildings 
on three sides of it, among which is a store-house for giving out of 
flax to spin, as they have a great manufacture of sail cloath, and 
other coarse cloaths. They have also an export of corn, butter, 
bacon, and lead. 

I went four miles to Yarum 10 (by a turnpike road) situated on 
the Tees in Yorkshire, over which river there is a bridge here of five 
arches. The river forms a peninsula, and small vessels come up to 
the town ; which consists of a. very handsome street, a. small town 
house and some lanes which go from the streets. They have & hand- 
some church of stone almost new built. There is a great market and 
large store houses, the merchants of Stockton buying up goods here 
which are brought even from Cumberland. Near the church is a 
field called Road-hill, where there are some old foundations, and they 

10 See Graves, History of Cleveland, p. 62, for a description of Yarm 
circa 1808. The author was curate of Worsall near by. 



251 

have a notion that here was a monastery. This might be the hos- 
pital 11 of St. Nicholas founded by one of the Bruse family in 1185 and 
granted afterward by Alan de Wilton to the canons of Helagh Park. 

At the west end of the town Mr. Farmer has a house and pleasant 
walks from it on the hanging ground over the river. This is called 
the Frerie and here also they suppose there was a, convent. And 
without doubt it was the house of the Black Friars founded by Peter 
de Brus the II. who died in 1271. 

I went on from Yarum and left the Gisborough road to go to 
Stokesly through Hilton where there is a small old church with a 
Saxon door case and windows ; and by Semer, where there is likewise 
a small old church with Saxon windows, that is, narrow arched- 
windows without any carved work. 

Stokesly 12 is a small market town on Levenbee (sic) which runs in a 
beautifull glyn richly adorned with wood. The town consists of one 
well built street. They have a good Gothic church fitted up with 
carved seats, there is a singular old font, something in the shape of 
a bell inverted. They have a very great fair here for black cattle. 
Here a certain writer saies (but he is mistaken in the place) the 
famous battle of the Standard was fought, which Standard was never 
erected except when the kingdom was in great danger. In this 
bloody battle David King of Scotland was defeated by Tunstal, Arch- 
bishop of York, who was King Stephen's lieutenant. This battle 
was fought near North- Allert on. The Standard was a mast, on the 
top of which they placed a silver pix with a consecrated host, and 
the banners of St. Peter and St. John Beverley. 

I went on to Gisborough through a very pleasant country, and 
near the Cleveland hills the foot of which is improved in fields and 
roads. All this road from Yarum is mostly a clay ground without 
stones ; the roads in winter are excessive bad ; and they have narrow 
paved cause-ways for one horse. We had left the Leven and came 
to another small river on which Gisborough, called by historians 
Gisburne, stands most beautifully situated, about four miles from the 
sea, encompassed with an amphitheatre of hills, beautified with 
woods. It is a poor town of one street, and the houses are mostly 
thatched ; however they have a manufactory of sail-cloth. Robert 
de Brus who came over with the Conqueror and (sic) who gave him 
one and fifty manors in this Riding, by the advice and importunity of 
Pope Calixtus the II., and of Thurston Arch-bishop of York founded 
here, in 1129, a most noble monastery 13 of canons of St. Austin, and 

II For an account of the Austin Hospital at Yarm, see Dugdale, 
Monasticon, vol. vi., part ii., p. 636, where is printed the charter of Peter 
de Brus. 

12 The name of the river is the Leven. For an account of Stokesley, 
see Graves, History of Cleveland, p. 222. 

13 The Guisbrough Chartulary, ed. by Mr. William Brown, is given in 
Nos. 86 and 89 of this series. In the introduction to these respective 
volumes there may be found the history of the priory of Austin Canons. 



252 

was buried in it; and it became the burial place of most of the 
nobility of these parts. There is nothing of it remade ing but part 
of the enclosure, and the grand east end of the church which seems 
to be a building of much later date than the foundation. The 
window is exceeding beaut if ull and lofty, and what is particular, over 
it is another broad Gothic window. There are two buttresses on each 
side : in that to the south a false Gothic window is cut in relief. 
The historian Walter de Hemingford was of this monastery. It now 
belongs to the Chaloners I suppose descended from Sir Thomas 
Chaloner, tutor to Prince Henry, who discover' d the alum mines 
here, which are not now worked. It was granted to him 14 in the 
time of Edward VI. A large house is built out of the materials of 
the monastery. There is a good Gothic parish church to the north 
of the abbey, the arches of which are supported with octagon pillars. 
On the shore at the bottom of the rocks, under Huntley Nab, they 
find many of the round stones which contain the Comu Ammonis ; 
and at the first clift (sic) they find coperas 15 stones and pyrites. 

As in these northern parts they draw with oxen and horses before 
them, two and two, so here, when the roads are bad, they draw with 
four oxen and two horses before them. 

Upon all this coast from Sunderland they have a boat called a 
coble, it is flat bottomed, in order to land on the strands, has a flat 
keel arm'd with iron towards the head, where it mostly wears, and a 
rib, nailed along the bottom on each side from the head almost the 
whole length, to defend the bottom ; it is cut off at the stern, so as 
to be about 18 inches broad, and 'tis said they endure the sea better 
than a sharp bottom 'd boat. 



14 The site of the monastery of Guisbrough and lands adjacent were 
granted 31 Oct., 1550, by Sir Thomas Challoner, knight, and Dame Joan, 
his wife, and his heirs. He was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral, 20 Oct., 
1565. There is an excellent pedigree of Chaloner of Guisborough in 
Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire, with additions, ed. J. W. Clay, vol. ii. 
(1907), p. 230. Mr. Brown points out a curious account of Guisbrough and 
the neighbourhood conceived in very inflated language in a letter written 
about 1640, printed in the Topographer and Genealogist, vol. n., p. 403. 

15 The discovery of the copperas of commerce is ascribed to William 
Scurfield of Sunderland, surgeon, who purchased a portion of the estate of 
Ford in the parish of Bishopwearmouth in 1750. 



DIARY OF JOHN DAWSON OF BRUNTON. 



INTRODUCTION. 



John Dawson of Brunton, in the parish of St. John Lee, was the 
son of Robert Dawson, who had inherited a small estate in the 
township of Wall from his father and grandfather, whose surname 
appears in lists of tenants of Wall from 1538 downward. He 
was an only son, and his father dying in 1729, he was educated at 
Queen's College, Oxford, where he matriculated 17 March, 1745/6, 
aged 19, his name having been already entered at Gray's Inn, 30 
Jan., 1743/4. In 1752 he married Barbara Hall, who died after 
giving birth to his only child, a second John Dawson, who was bap- 
tized at St. John Lee, 28 October, 1753. When the Northumberland 
Militia was first embodied in 1759 under an Act of Parliament passed 
30 George II., John Dawson was appointed to be captain of a Tynedale 
company, his lieutenant being Francis Dawson of Newcastle, perhaps 
a kinsman, and his ensign Henry Fenwick of Hexham. The Diary 
printed is very much concerned with the doings of the Militia during 
the year 1761. In the month of August, 1766, he married secondly, 
in London, Anne Smith, described in the Gentlemen's Magazine of 
that year, as of Brampton, the niece of Doctor Thomas, Dean of West- 
minster; and he died in the month of April, 1769, and was buried 
at St. John Lee. 

The Diarist's only son John, or Jack, as he is named in the Diary, 
in whose education the father was so much interested, was entered at 
Gray's Inn, 16 June, 1768, and married Frances, daughter of William 
Smith of Haughton Castle. In his life time he sold his property at 
Brunton, reserving a lease of the house, and dying s.p. 18 March, 
1807, was laid beside his wife at St. John Lee, she having died on the 
8 May, 1806. 

The Diary now belongs to the Rev. Thomas Stephens, vicar of 
Horsley in Redesdale, who having already communicated large 
extracts to the Proceedings of the Newcastle Society of Antiquarians, 
ser. 3, vol. iii., p. 46, has generously permitted the Editor to include 
it in the present series. 



254 



DIAKY. 



1761. March 8. Sunday. Berwick. On Saturday the first of 
March, 1760, the Northumberland Regiment of Militia 1 came into 
Berwick. We have now been fifty -three weeks in Berwick gone 
yesterday. For the last week past we have had several accounts of 
mobs rising to prevent the execution of the Militia Laws. Not at 
church to day. I am heartily tired of a soldier's life. This after- 
noon I was introduced by our major to Captain Fordoyce. Captain 
Reed 2 went home yesterday. Lord Jeffreys was a rascal, witness his 
conduct to Baxter, ' I know how to deal with saints as well as sinners/ 
The Life of Atterbury is not compleat, for Warburton says that Mr. 
Pope was sensible, that he (Atterbury) when in France, was engaged 
in the intrigues of the Pretender. 

[1761.] [March] 9. Bloody Monday. The mob arose at Hexham 
yesterday. Orders for trying Jack Gibson by a Court Martial. I 
am inclined to think he will be tied to the halberts. Discipline must 

1 The following notices relating to the Northumberland Militia are 
from the Newcastle newspapers of 1759 : — 

All persons qualified to serve as officers in the militia of the county of 
Northumberland, and willing to accept commissions therein, are desired to 
meet at Mr. Grey's, at the Swan Inn, in Alnwick, on Thursday, the fifth of 
April, 1759, etc., etc. Signed Northumberland. — Newcastle Courant, 31 
March, 1759. 

(Similar notice in respect of the militia of the town of Newcastle.) 
At a meeting in Newcastle, called by the Lord Lieutenant, held on the 
5 April, John Erasmus Blackett, Edward Mosely, and Robert Stephenson, 
esquires, offered to serve as officers in the militia for the town. — Newcastle 
Courant, 7 April, 1759. 

Tuesday the Deputy-lieutenants met the Right Hon. the Earl of 
Northumberland, Lord Lieutenant for the County of Northumberland, at 
the Turk's Head, agreeable to his advertisement, on militia affairs, on 
which business the following gentlemen offered personally, or by letters, to 
serve their county as officers on this constitutional plan, viz. : 

Field Officers : Sir Edward Blackett, bart. ; Sir Matthew White, bart. ; 

George Delaval, esq. 
Captains : Abraham Dixon, esq.; Christopher Reed, esq. ; John Erasmus 
Blackett, esq. ; John Hall, esq. ; Gabriel Selby, esq. ; William 
Ward, esq.; John Dawson, esq.; William Ord, esq.; Alexander 
Collingwood, esq.; Stephen Watson, esq. 
This grand point being now happily compleated, we hope soon to see 
the militia of Northumberland on as noble a footing as any of the southern 
counties. — Newcastle Courant, 30 June, 1759. 

2 Christopher Reed was son of Christopher Soulsby of Newcastle, mer- 
chant, and nephew and devisee of John Reed of Chipchase, whose name he 
assumed. He was appointed captain in 1759, the year the militia was 
embodied : he died 6 Nov., 1770, aged 48. For a pedigree of Reed, see new 
History of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 347. 



255 

be kept up j from what I have heard of his offence I think that whip- 
ping will be too severe. Let the punishment be proportioned to the 
offence. Man who was made in the image of God ought not to be 
stript for every trifling offence, but he has offended several! ways. 
1st, he would not attend divine service; 2nd, he was found in a 
pub lick-house ; 3rd, he was Yerj fuddled; 4th, he abused the Ser- 
jeant who took him prisoner ; which severall offences (if proved 
u(pon) him) I am affraid, will make his judges somewhat severe upon 
him. But punishments in the army are salutary, they are produc- 
tive of much good order amongst the men. 

It is said that the vacant commissions in the regiment will be filled 
up some time the next month. I know of no seniority nor any one 
officer whose merit exceeds that of another. To decide the affair to the 
satisfaction of the majority of the subalterns will be for them to 
ballot, or cast lots. Our case is not the same with that of the 
regulars ; with them there is both seniority and merit ; with us it is 
otherwise, we all took up arms at one and the same time, neither has 
any of us ever been in action, where then is seniority or merit ? 

This -evening at roll-calling I saw one of our soldiers in his new 
regimental coat ; the lace contributes much to set it off. 

Mr. Pratt informed [us] of his engagements with and intention of 
marrying Miss Paterson, S r John['s] sister. 3 

Surely the best scholars are the best citizens, for here I find that 
those whose minds are least cultivated are absolutely very indifferent 
company ; I should say dangerous company — half an hour is badly 
spent amongst many of them. Surely it may be called, without im- 
propriety, premeditated murder of time. Three of the greatest men 
in history were disgraced for bribery and corruption, viz. : Demos- 
thenes, Seneca and Bacon. Bacon did not die in poverty, he had a 
genteel sufficiency to support any gentleman, but he was naturally 
profuse. He was the first that opposed Aristotle's philosophy. All 
Europe is indebted to him for opening the passage to true philosophy. 

[1761.] March 10. Tuesday. Awaked this morning about 4 
o'clock and arose at 6. Without a good knowledge of the Scriptures. 
a man never can make a tolerable figure in society; the best and 
wisest men have been in all ages and in all nations the strongest advo- 
cates for the sacred writings, but with the abandoned and ignorant 
we find the reverse. A man starving of hunger would be deem'd a 
madman to refuse victuals when offered to him, but. how must we 
term that man who refuses to eat of the bread of life, to whom immor- 
tality is offered and yet rejected. What fools are men ! 

This morning I attended the court martial upon Gibson's and 
Beard's trials. Gibson can hardly escape; Beard may, he being a 
young soldier. There is a necessity to support the authority of the 

3 William Pratt of Warenton in the parish of Bamburgh, a scion of a 
family of opulent Berwick merchants, was appointed ensign in 1759. The 

lady referred to was , daughter of John Patterson, and sister 

of Sir John Patterson of Eccles, third baronet. See p. 266 post. 



256 

sergeants j if the officers permit the private men to affront them with 
impunity, they may bid a final farewell to discipline. Admonitions 
are of no service to some» brutes now among us. One lecture upon 
the shoulders is worth a thousand administered to the understanding. 
Not that I am a friend to severity ; but who can expect, indulgence 
from their officers when they (the men) are continually rebelling 
against your authority. If they are dissatisfied with their stations 
let them hire another to supply their places. Let punishments take 
place ; for to try without punishment is to make a Penelope's Web 
{that is) it is doing nothing. Punish according to the sentence, or 
leave of (sic) holding court-martials. Without punishment they will 
be regarded only as bugbears. 

This evening I met Mr. Surtees 4 of Hexhamshire. It is said that 
he is courting Miss Fewster 5 of Bambrough. 

[1761.] March 11. Wednesday. This morning the regiment 
under arms. Gibson and Beard were flogged : Gibson instead of 
receiving 150 got 80 lashes ; Beard got 50 instead of 100. 

By letters this morning from Alderman Ridley and Captain 
Blackett we are informed of the melancholy affair that happened at 
Hexham 6 on Monday last. Severall thousands being assembled to 

4 Anthony Surtees of Newbiggin, in Hexham Low Quarter, son of 
Anthony Surtees of Milkwell-burn, attained the rank of major in the 
Northumberland Militia in or before 5 April, 1778; gained great credit for 
his services in helping to quell the Gordon riots in London in 1780. He died 
unmarried 20 July, 1803, aged 60, and was buried at Hexham Abbey. See 
pedigree of Surtees of Newbiggin, new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., 
p. 38. 

5 The Fewsters were a Derwent valley family. The lady may perhaps 
have been the Dorothy Fewster who, in or before 1763, became wife of 
Henry Grey of Shoreston, and died in 1820, aged 78. 

6 We are informed by good authority from Hexham that on Monday 
last, the Deputy-lieutenants met there, pursuant to an advertisement for 
that purpose, to receive lists from the constables, of the persons in Tindale 
Ward liable to serve in the militia; and that being previously informed 
from different parts of the county, that a great number of persons were 
determined to assemble in a riotous manner to prevent such lists being 
delivered in : a detachment from the two battalions of the Yorkshire 
militia quartered at Newcastle, was, at the request of the Deputy-lieuten- 
ants and Justices, ordered by Colonel Duncombe, under the command of 
Major Crow, from thence to Hexham, and, on the day of meeting, was 
drawn up in the market place near to the gateway that leads to the sessions- 
hall The rioters still remaining obstinate and not dispersing, tbe 

Proclamation in the Act for Preventing Tumults and Riotous Assemblies, 
was made; soon after which the rioters attempted to force the lines of 
militia to come at the Deputy-lieutenants, and one of them, with a pistol, 
wounded Ensign Hart, of which wound he is since dead : a party of the 
rioters then breaking into the militia, the magistrates were obliged to and 
did give the command to fire, which was accordingly done and a great many 
of the rioters were killed and others of them wounded. This put a check 
to the firing of the rioters who thereupon fled and dispersed themselves .-^~ 
Newcastle C our ant, 14 March, 1761. 

The Bichmondshire regiment commanded by Colonel Sir Ralph 

Milbank, bart., marched hence last Monday for Scarborough. 



257 

prevent the justices from putting the Militia Laws in execution ; six 
companys of the Yorkshire militia, which were sent there the day 
before, were formed into a hollow square, when the mob broke in 
upon them, in which they fired some platoons. Mr Ridley 7 says that 
17 men were kill'd upon the spot; Captain Blackett 8 says 20, besides 
numbers wounded. Ensign Hart 9 was shot thro' the body. Major 
Crow was commander. Another mob was expected to rise last Mon- 
day, near Newcastle, on which a Capt[ai]n's guard was appointed for 
the protection of the town. 

At the club this evening. 

[1761. March] 12. Thursday. It was expected this morning 
that the mob would have rose at Ancroft. 15 men were ordered out 
of each company to be in readiness to go there in case Mr. Temple 10 
thought it necessary : Captain Selby 11 to command. 

Supt at the Harrow 12 this evening. Mr. Temple said there were 
about 60 men assembled but no disturbance. This mob was against 
the militia. 

Gratitude obliges us to confess that we part with this battalion with regret 
on account of the service they did us in suppressing a most terrible 
riot at Hexham. — Newcastle Journal, 23 May, 1761. 

7 Matthew Eidley of Heaton, alderman of Newcastle, of which town he 
was mayor in 1733, 1745, 1751, and 1759; M.P. for Newcastle in four suc- 
cessive parliaments from 1747 to 1774; died April 6, 1778, aged 66. Ancestor 
of Viscount Eidley. See Men of Mark, vol. in, p. 319. 

8 John Erasmus Blackett, one of the younger sons of John Blackett of 
Newcastle, born Jan. 1, 1728, became free of the Merchants' Company in 
1753, by patrimony. He became a captain in the Northumberland Militia in 
1759. On the 31 March, 1761, he was married at the Episcopal Chapel, 
Edinburgh, to Sarah, daughter and co-heir of Bobert Eoddam (more than 
one of whose immediate ancestors had been postmasters of Berwick), and 
with her sister, owner of the beautiful farm of Hethpool in the highlands 
of Northumberland. John Erasmus Blackett died 11 June, 1814, leaving 
issue him surviving, Sarah, wife of Admiral Lord Collingwood ; another 
daughter, Martha, wife of Benjamin Stead, sometime of Eyal in Stamford- 
ham, having, apparently, died in his life-time. 

9 1761. March 10. Mr. Joseph Hart, ensign of ye Yorkshire Militia, 
buried. Hexham Registers. 

10 William Temple, burgess and collector of H.M. Customs at Berwick, 
mayor of that town in 1749 and 1753, married Sarah, daughter of Alexander 
Johnson of Newcastle, with whom he obtained property at Allerdean, 
near Tweedmouth. His affairs became disordered about the year 1763. He 
was the great grandfather of Dr. Temple, the archbishop of Canterbury. 

11 Gabriel Selby of Pawston in the parish of Kirknewton, was son of 
Gerard Selby of the same place by his marriage with Sarah, daughter of 
Gabriel Hall of Catcleugh in Eedesdale. He was a captain in the Northum- 
berland Militia in 1759, major in 1764, and subsequently lieutenant-colonel. 
He married Anne, daughter of Wilfiam, fifth Lord Cranstoun, by whom he 
had no issue. He died, the last heir male of his ancient line, June 9, 1785, 
aged 68, and was buried in the family vault at Cornhill chapel. See Six 
North Country Diaries, p. 264. 

12 There is not now any inn or licensed house in Berwick under the sign 
of the Harrow, but there is an old-established house in Tweedmouth so 
designated. 

17 



258 

Sat up very late. 

This evening I sent Corporal Forster and Cuddy Oliver to Mr. 
Forster's for the clock, which they got. This clock I lent to Forster 
when at Bellingham, from Highfield, which he thought proper to 
bring along with him to Berwick. Honesty! 

By a letter from Mr. Heron, clerk to Cuthbertson, 13 we are in- 
formed that Mr. Tulip was of great service in forming again the left 
wing of the square which was broke by the mob. 

Ensign Hart is dead. 

Cuddy Oliver says that as he came thro' Wall last Monday morn- 
ing he met several of my neighbours going to join the mob at Hexham. 

By a letter received a few days ago I find that Mr. Loraine of the 
Wood Head 14 is dead. 

[1761. March] 13. Friday. At the Harrow last night, Mr. 
Pratt declared he was to be called with Miss Paterson at Eccles 
church on Sunday first : he is to keep her a, chaise and pair. 

" George Cuthbertson the elder, and his son George Cuthbertson the 
younger, were successively Town Clerks of Newcastle. The first-named 
died in 1767, having survived his son, who died in 1756. Ealph Heron of 
Newcastle, solicitor, in, or before 1763, made a Gretna Green marriage with 
Anne, daughter of George Cuthbertson, the elder, to whose practice he 
seems, eventually, to have succeeded. He died 13 April, 1801, aged 64. 

11 1761. Feb. 23. Mr. Robert Lorran, Bufront Woodhead, buried. 
Register of St. John Lee. Notice to his creditors was given in the 
Newcastle Journal of May 16, 1761, to send in their claims against his 
estate to Mr. William Hunter of Hexham. 

I. Thomas Loraine was probably one of the thirteen younger sons of Sir 

Thomas Loraine of Kirkharle, first bart., by Grace Fenwick, his wife. 
By his marriage with Jane Errington, he had (perhaps with other) 
issue, a son, Robert II. and two daughters, viz., Margaret, wife of 
Robert Young of Hexham (articles before marriage dated 18 April, 
1749), and Mary, wife of Robert Alder of Woodhall in the parish of 
Alwinton (articles before marriage 26 Nov., 1764). 

II. Robert Loraine of Beaufront Woodhead, mentioned in the text, was 

probably the only surviving son of the above-named Thomas Loraine. 
He died in February, 1761, intestate and according to his widow's 
statement insolvent, having had sons and daughters, viz.: — 

(1) Edward Loraine of Hexham, married Isabella, daughter of 
John Nattrass (who married 12 June, 1777, secondly, Nicholas 
Ruddock of Hexham and Okerland) by whom he had issue an 
only daughter Jane, wife of the Rev. John Heelis, rector of 
Broughton. 

(2) George Loraine married Jane Grews, and had with other issue 
five sons, viz., Robert Grews, Robert Grey, George Allgood, 
William Clark and Edward. 

(1) Jane, imbecile, living 1778. 

(2) Frances, wife of William Caley of Kingston-upon-Hull, 
married 2 Jan., 1781. 

(3) Margaret, wife of Thomas Smith of the parish of Alwinton, 
married 28 Nov., 1782. 

(4) Mary, deformed, living 1778. 

(5) Anne, wife of John Smith of the parish of Rothbury, married 
31 May, 1781. 

(6) Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Champneys of Burstwick (sic)* 
married 10 Jan., 1781. 



259 

An Independant Company of Highlanders came to town yester- 
day. One of the officers, a little man, assisted in carrying General 
Wolfe off at Quebec. Great desertion amongst them ! 

This night at the Harrow : Captain Campbell there, also Lieuten- 
ant Campbell, Lieutenant Forfar, of the Independant Highlanders. 15 

[1761. March] 14. Saturday. This day, Robin Hymers, my ser- 
vant, came to Berwick. 

Two letters this morning to S r Matthew White from Captain 
Reed about the mob at Hexham. 16 

Robin Hymers' account of the mob at Hexham. By report : — 
(1) 120 kilPd on the spot and dead of their wounds. 17 

15 (Wednesday) Captain Graham's Company of Highlanders came in 
here from the North. — Newcastle Courant, 21 March, 1761. 

Yesterday the several Companies of Highlanders which lately came 
here from the North marched to the Barracks at Tynemouth ; when the first 
division of them consisting of 120 men commanded by Captain Gunn, came 
in here from the North. — Ibid., 11 April, 1761. 

Yesterday Captain McCauley's Independent Company of Highlanders 
came in from the North. — Ibid., 18 April, 1761. 

Monday, Captain CampbelFs Company of Highlanders came in here 
from the North.— Ibid., 2 May, 1761. 

16 The following list of men and women wounded in riot at Hexham is 
preserved in the Rev. John Hodgson's collections : — 

James Wood, Burtonside, husbandman; Robert Rowell, Gunnerton, 
farmer; Thomas English, Aynick, labourer; Thomas Robson, Heley-burn; 
James Robson of Healey-hill-head, husbandman ; Henry Waugh, farmer at 
Blakelaw; Henry Hogarth, Newbrough, pitman; Jos Burdus, Slaley; 
William Usher, Delicate-hall; John Storey, Coastley; Leviston's wife; 
John Elliot, Hawkwell, weaver; Matthew Fairlamb, Cronkley, farmer; 
George Barrow, High Fotherley; Henry Leighton's son, Broomley, tailor; 
William Heslop, near Wylam; John Coulson, Gunnerton; Michael Scott, 
Acomb; William Ridley's son, Hexham; William Shotton, Corbridge; 
Joseph Rowell, Moor-house; William Carter's wife and son, Hexham; 
Johnson, Loudside; John Hepple, Birkley; John Charlton, Birkley; Ralph 
Dodd, Birkley; George Johnson, Wall, waller; John Dixon, Low Airdley; 
James Cumming, Hexham; James Howard's daughter, Hexham; Thomas 
Bates, Bellingham; Matthew Crow, Newburn; William Willy, Whittins- 
dale (sic); William Brown and his two sons, Whittinsdale (sic); Roger 
Robson, Lambshield, servant; John Elldart, Shortmoor, nigh Chipchase; 
William Lamb, Low Staward ; Thomas Pattison, Needspeth; William 
Forster, Harlow Hill ; Thomas Bamborough, Beal ; John Coats, Gunnerton 
Hill-head; Nicholas Forster, Staward, William Watson, Fourstones ; Thomas 
Forster, Hollands; John Gibson, Hexham; John Dodd, Hexham, shoe- 
maker ; John Carr, Throckley ; Matthew Maudlin, Thomas Sandford, Joseph 
Rowell, Newton-hall. 

17 The following persons, buried at Hexham, seem either to have been 
killed or to have died of wounds received in the Riot: — 

1761. Mar. 10. Joseph Dodd, Stamf ordham ; Christopher Johnson, 
Ordley ; William Scott, Swinburn ; Matthew Fairlamb, Cronkelton ; Michael 
Burdus, Slaley; John Roe, Cambsaugh-house ; Anthony Brown, Sandhoe; 
William Brown, Hugh-mill ; William Watson, Fourstones ; William Ruther- 
ford, Rochester; John Minto, Forsett. — Hexham Registers. 

1761. Mar. 11. George Schiddel, Crookgate; John Elliot, Stamford- 
ham; Thomas Fewster, the Hollings; David Murrah, labourer (Hexham); 
John Dodd, cordwainer (Hexham); Jane, wife of Thomas Levingstone, 
Gateshead. — Ibid. 



260 

(2) George Johnson 18 of Wall, mason, killed. 

(3) Will. Pattison of Wall, wounded in the arm. 
»(4) Proclamation against riots, three times read. 

(5) Bellman sent twice about the town. 

(6) Ensign Hart shot. 

(7) Carter's wife 19 shot ; big with child : the ball found in 

the child's belly. 

(8) Barbarity in some of the Yorkshire militia ; running 

their bayonets thrice into a man's body when lying at 
James Charlton's shop door. (Not true, written in 
margin.) 

(9) Mr. Allgood's house guarded by 14 men. 

(10) Query. If J did not give the word to fire [in margin 

G. Delavel]. 

(11) Numbers found dead upon the roads. 

(12) 13 men lying in Hexham church, not owned. 

Captain Reed says that 20 were killed upon the spot and that the 
surgeons had dressed the wounds of 80, most of which were mortal. 
At Dr. Doubleday's this evening. 
[1761. March] 15. Sunday. Not at church to day. 

[1761. March] 16. Monday. This morning Samuel M'Cleary in 
my company received a letter from Hexham ; by it we learn that not 
less than 200 have been killed and wounded in the late Riot at Hex- 
ham. The Newcastle paper this day says that not only Mr. Hart was 
shot and one of the soldiers killed, but that the mob had also broke 
into the lines of the militia before the word to fire was given. 

[Written in margin ' upon conversing with Dr. Smith he is of 
opinion that about 200 were killed and wounded.'] 

This morning 20 men out of each company were ordered to be in 
readiness to-morrow morning to march to Bellford to oppose a riot 
intended there against Wednesday first. 

Mr. Forster promises me to write to Willson about three pounds 
overpaid to him on Willson's account. 

This morning the Independant Company of Highlanders marched 
to the South. 

[1761. March] 17. Tuesday. This morning 200 of our men 
under the command of Captain Selby marched to Bellford to protect 
the justices in case there should be a riot. Officers sent, Selby, 

18 1761. Mar. 11. George Johnson, Wall, buried. St. John Lee 
Registers. 

19 1761. Mar. 10. Sarah, wife of William Carter, wheelwright, buried. 
Hexham Registers. 



261 

Burrel, 20 Hall, 1 Gibson, 2 Moseley, 3 adjutant, 4 8 sergeants, 10 cor- 
peralls. 

[1761. March] 18. This morning S r Matthew White 5 went to 
Bellford to attend the meeting, and this command devolved upon 
myself; 3 field officers and 6 captains now absent. 

This afternoon the 200 men, &c, returned from Bellford. The 
mob did not appear, but it is generally believed that in case our men 
had not been there that a very great mob would have been assembled 
there. 

Colonel Crawford went from hence this afternoon to Edenburgh. 

S r Edward Blackett 6 came to town this evening. 

Tulip 7 has been absent 7 weeks, this day, from Berwick. 

At the club this evening, and I was appointed president. 

[1761.] March 19. Thursday. This morning Mr. Charlton of 
London, druggist, call'd upon me. Supt with him, Mr. Stanton and 
a gentleman of Leeds at Tweedmouth. 

20 William Burrell of Howtell in the parish of Kirknewton, the 
stammgut of the family of Burrell, succeeded his father also named William 
in 1731 or 1732. He was a lieutenant in the Northumberland Militia in 
1759. He died at Wooler in the month of January, 1783, the last male 
heir of his ancient house, leaving issue three daughters and co-heiresses. 

1 Probably Edward Hall of North Shields, who occurs as a lieutenant 
in the Northumberland Militia in 1759. 

2 Reginald Gibson of High Balk, in the parish of Corbridge, who occurs 
as ensign in the Northumberland Militia in 1762, and afterwards captain in 
the same regiment. He died at Corbridge, March 30, 1809, aged 75. 

3 Edward Moseley of Newcastle, who occurs as lieutenant in the North- 
umberland Militia in 1759 and again in 1762, was apprenticed, 4 Dec, 1734 
(as son of Rowland Moseley of York, apothecary, deceased), to Joseph 
Watson of Newcastle, hostman, and was admitted free of the Hostmen's 
Company, 17 Sept., 1741; mayor of Newcastle, 1767, 1774, 1781; died, 12 
Feb., 1798, aged 81. Monumental inscription, St. Nicholas', Newcastle. 

4 John Evans, who was adjutant of the Northumberland Militia in 1759, 
died 29 Sept., 1778. 

5 Sir Matthew White, of Blagdon, bart., the only surviving son of 
Matthew White of Newcastle, merchant adventurer, was high sheriff of 
Northumberland in 1756 and was created a baronet the same year with 
special remainder to the heirs male of his sister, Elizabeth, wife of Matthew 
Ridley of Heaton, was majoi* in Northumberland Militia in 1759, and 
lieutenant-colonel in 1762. Hying 21 March, 1763, he was buried in the 
old church of All Saints, Newcastle. 

6 Sir Edward Blackett of Newby, fourth baronet, elder brother of Johu 
Erasmus Blackett, already mentioned, was colonel of the Northumberland 
Militia in 1759, and Knight of the Shire for Northumberland from 1768 to 
1774. He obtained Matfen in marriage with Anne, daughter and heir of 
Oley Douglas of Newcastle, and died in the month of January, 1804. 

7 Henry Tulip, of Fallowfield, in the parish of St. John Lee, born 
circa 1724, was a lieutenant in the Northumberland Militia in 1759, was 
captain in 1762, but apparently retired soon afterwards. He acquired 
Walwick, in the parish of Simonburn, by purchase and is described as a 
good-tempered inoffensive man. He died unmarried December 3, 1800, aged 
76, and was buried at St. John Lee. 



262 

To-day Mr. Rumney 8 got a letter from his brother at Alnwick, 
who says that it was reported there that the mob had rose upon the 
Westmorland militia which are at Carlisle and had kill'd several of 
them. Not true. 

[1761. March] 20. Good Friday. My servant Robin Hymers 
taken ill this morning. This day seven years my poor mother died. 

This morning Mr. Charlton 9 calPd upon me to take his leave ; 
he is going to Reedsmouth. 

Sent for Dr. Doubleday 10 to see Robin. 

The report concerning a mob rising at Carlisle is without founda- 
tion. 

This evening I bought Pope's ' Homer's Iliad and Odessey ' ; they 
want the cuts. 

About three nights ago I called at the hospitall to see Truman 
the barber ; he was in great spirits, his leg mends fast. To morrow 
it will be eleven weeks since his leg was broke. 

[1761. March] 21. Saturday. Regiment under arms. S r Edward 
thanked the men for their behaviour at Bellford and gave them 10 
guineas to drink. 

Mr. Rumney my landlord went to Alnwick to visit his brother for 
a few days. 

Robin is much better. 

The weather is very cold. 

There is to be a grand meeting on Monday first at Morpeth on 
account of the late riots. 

Paid Dr. Doubleday lO.s. for Robin. 

8 The Rev. Joseph Rumney, master of Berwick Grammar School, 1750- 
1801, vicar of Berwick, 1768, to his death, February 24, 1805. By his wife, 
Miss Isabel Harrison of Appleby, he left issue. His brother, Abram 
Rumney, educated at Appleby, was master of Alnwick Grammar School 
from 1737 to his death, December 21, 1793, aged 77. He is stated to have 
been married thrice, his second wife being Anne, daughter of Jonathan 
Harle, Nonconformist minister and physician, the most distinguished 
clergyman who has served at Alnwick. A kinsman of these two brothers, 
Peter Rumney, was master of Hexham Grammar School, 1765-1771, per- 
petual curate of Hexham, 1765 to his death, Feb. 16, 1771, aged 56. 

9 ' Mr. Charlton of London, druggist/ who called on the diarist on the 
19 March, and on the following day set out for Redesmouth, was apparently 
a member of the family of Charlton of the Bower and of Redesmouth (see 
pedigree, new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 375). He may, 
perhaps, have been William Charlton, baptized at Warden, 6 May, 1720, 
being third son of Edward Charlton of Hexham, M.D. : this William 
Charlton died at Bath in 1776. 

10 Nicholas Doubleday, seventh son of Humphrey Doubleday of Durham 
and of Butterby by Elizabeth Nicholson, his wife, was born November 5, 
1716; married Sept. 2, 1766, Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Thomas Thorp, 
vicar of Berwick, and died April 12, 1802, s.p. His will is dated June 26, 
1797. His sister, Hannah, married July, 1728, William Hutchinson of 
Durham, by whom she had, with other issue, a son, William Hutchinson, 
the industrious and indefatigable historian of Durham and Northumberland. 



263 

Mr. Walker of Kirknewton, 11 at the head of Millfield Plain, call'd 
upon me to ask my advice about a prosecution in the Exchequer 
against him. He married Parson Nixen's of Haltwhistle 12 eldest 
daughter. Younghusband of the Excise Office was along with him. 

Captain Watson 13 goes home to morrow morning. 

Colonel Crawford neturn'd from the north this evening. 

I have now been six weeks at Berwick this night. 

[1761. March] 22. Sunday. Not at church this day. 

I am told that S r Edward [Blackett] and S r Matthew [White] are 
gone this day for Morpeth, where there is to be a great meeting to 
morrow of the magistrates concerning the Riot at Hexham. 

I am greatly to blame for not attending divine service more than 
I do. I shall repent it. 

To call on Mr. Rowell for Mr Story's cash. Also upon Mr. 
Wrangham. 

[1761.] March 23. Monday. Robin much better. 

At the Harrow this evening with Selby, &c. Thisi evening Mrs. 
Johnson was at Mr. Rumney's; she formerly liv'd in Hexham. 

[1761. March] 24. Tuesday. This morning I was president of a 
court martial held upon one. Douglass for abusing Sergeant Orrick 
and Corporal Smith : punishment Black-hole 48 hours. 

Received of Captain Blackett 00/. (sic) in part of pay. 

Came from Berwick about o'clock, and staid at Wooller 

Haugh-head 14 all night. Supt with Wrangham. N.B. Wrangham's 
conversation below. 

[1761. March] 25. Wednesday. Came from Wooller Haugh- 
head with Wrangham. We parted at Whittingham. 15 I din'd there 
with a Londoner and a Swede(?). Got home about 8 o'clock at night. 

II The farm of Broadstrother in the parish of Kirknewton belonged to 
a family named Walker. It was conveyed by James Walker in 1776, to 
Benjamin Adams of Acton, to secure a mortgage of ,£1,275. James Walker 
was succeeded by his eldest son, also named James, who was dead before 
1819, when the property, subject to the mortgage, was vested in Carlton 
Walker of Wilmington in North Carolina, who was (apparently the brother, 
and) the heir-at-law of James Walker the younger. 

12 Rev. Martin Nixon was vicar of Haltwhistle from 1720 to his death 
circa 1735 : he married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Brass of Flass, near 
Durham. He was succeeded in the vicarage of Haltwhistle by Rev. Edward 
Wilson, who subsequently married his predecessor's youngest daughter. 

13 Stephen Watson of North Seaton, was a captain in the Northumber- 
land Militia in 1759, and afterwards major. He was chairman of Quarter 
Sessions and died 1805, aged 93. 

14 At Wooler Haugh-head in the township of North Middleton, there 
is still or was until recently, a wayside ale house representing what was 
until a hundred years ago a well-frequented inn under the sign of George 
and the Dragon with extensive stabling, much used by cattle drovers and 
carriers. Here it was that John Home put up when on his way to London 
with the MS. of his famous tragedy ' Douglas ' in one pocket of his great 
coat and his clean shirt and night cap in the other. William Hutchinson 
had an unpleasant experience of its capabilities in 1776 which he relates in 
unflattering words in his History of Northumberland, vol. i., p. 240. 

15 The roomy old-fashioned ' Castle Inn ' at Whittingham is still carried on. 



264 

[1761. March] 26. Thursday. This morning Geordy Wilkinson 
taken up at Wall by a party of soldiers on account of the late Riot. 16 
2 groovers also taken up this morning. Mr. Chicken 17 of Anick 
high-constable. 

[1761.] March 27. Friday. Great confusion among our neigh- 
bours ; few of them dare lie in their own beds. Such are the effects 
of riotts. Some of them at Brunton all night. 

Yesterday morning Jack began to read Pope's 'Homer.' 

[1761. March] 28. Saturday. This morning the soldiers were in 
search of Stephen Thomson ; but not to be found. 

[1761. March] 29. Sunday. Not at church. At home. Mr. 
and Mrs. Shaftoe, 18 Mr. and Mrs. Smith of Haughton Castle, 19 at 
Brunton in the afternoon 

[1761. March] 30. Monday. This morning 5 prisoners (George 
Wilkinson, Laird Bell, Bell of Acomb, Jack Hudson and . . . .) were 
carried to Morpeth goal (sic) on account of the late Riot. 

Mr. Greenwood of Newcastle, an attorney, call'd at Brunton. 

Mrs. Smith of Wester-hall 20 and Mally Hubbuck 1 at Brunton in 
the afternoon. 

Mally Hubbuck is going to London to see her daughter. 

The rioters of Wall are returning home. 

[1761. March] 31. Tuesday. At the Bridge-end 2 with Jack lay- 

16 The following list of men apprehended under a warrant granted 
25 March, 1761, and charged with being concerned in the Hexham Riot is 
preserved in the Rev. John Hodgson's Collections: — William Eltringham, 
Bingfield Comb, farmer; George Wilkinson, Wall, blacksmith; George 
Oliver, Bingfield East Quarter, husbandman; James Sanderson, Holton 
(sic), weaver; William Scott, Acomb, ' ingin keeper'; John Brunton, 
Halton, husbandman; William Robson, Halton, husbandman; Edward 
Gibson, Halton, farmer; John Hutchinson, Halton, weaver; George 
Walker, Halton, husbandman; George Bell, Halton, husbandman; George 
Jemmison, Halton, husbandman ; Thomas Neaving, Halton Carr-house, 
husbandman; James Bowey, Acomb, miner; George Bell, Hexham, yeo- 
man; Thomas Bell, Acomb, miner; John Hudson, Acomb, blacksmith. 

17 The family of Chicken of Anick had a small property in Great 
Whittingham, parish of Corbridge. See new History of Northumberland, 
vol. x., p. 428. 

18 William Shafto of Humshaugh, brother of George Shafto Delaval, of 
Little Bavington, and youngest son of Edward Shafto of Hexham, died 22 
May, 1762. Of. Shafto pedigree, new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., 
p. 419. 

19 William Smith of Haughton Castle, in the parish of Simonburn, 
which place was purchased by his ancestor, Robert Smith of Tecket circa 
1642. He died 17 Nov., 1795, aged 63. His descendants held Haughton 
Castle until 1862. 

20 [Ralph] Smith of Wester-hall, near Haughton Castle, to the pro- 
prietor of which he was a kin, but not always kind. 

1 Possibly the Mary Teasdale who was married May 4, 1745, at Hexham, 
to Robert Hubbock. Various persons of the name voted in respect of 
property in Hexham at the elections of Knights of the Shire in 1748 and 
1774. 

2 The reference is apparently to the George Inn standing at the west end 



265 

ing in the lines. Earl of Galloway 3 there; he had been at Morpeth,, 
on- account of his son's election. 

William Shaftoe 4 went to Hexham school yesterday. 

[1761.] April 1. Wednesday. Mrs. Smith of Wester-hall here 
in the afternoon. 

[1761. April] 2. Thursday. Went to Humshaugh. 

Mr. Soulsbye came to Brunton from the Bridge-end : he is going 
to fish in North Tyne. 

Dr. Smith here. 

[1761. April] 3. Friday. S r Lancelot Allgood 5 and Parson Will- 
son 6 caird at Brunton : they are going to Newcastle. 

Men in Wall in a great fright. 

[1761. April] 4. Saturday. Soulsbye here, in the afternoon. 

Mr. Shaftoe and Mr. White 7 din'd here. 

[1761. April] 5. Sunday. At Hexham with Mr. Fen wick. 8 Light 
Horse and Yorkshire Militia at Hexham. 

Dr. Smith and Green here in the evening. 

[1761.] April 6. Monday. Parson Willson here in the after- 
noon : he came from Durham to day. Election for the county over 
there. 

[1761. April] 7. Tuesday. The firs planted this morning at the 
head of the garden by Robin Craigs, Stephen Kitchen, 9 Robin Hew- 
son and Robin Hymers. 

of Chollerford-bridge. John Stewart, Viscount Gairlies, eldest son of 
Alexander, seventh Earl of Galloway, was elected M.P. for Morpeth in 
1761. 

3 Ralph Soulsby of Hallington, elder brother of Christopher (Soulsby) 
Reed of Chipchase, baptised Nov. 17, 1723, married Mary, daughter of John 
Fenwick of Stanton, and half-sister of William Fenwick of Bywell, and 
died in the month of July, 1769, leaving issue. 

4 William Shafto, second son of William Shafto of Humshaugh, and 
eldest son of his second marriage, was baptised at Simonburn, April 16, 
1752, and died at Hexham, April 28, 1833, leaving an only son who succeeded 
to Carrycoats in 1837 under the will of his kinswoman, Margery Johnson. 
Cf. Shafto pedigree, new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 407. 

5 Sir Lancelot Allgood of Hexham, married in 1739, his kinswoman,. 
Jane, daughter and heir of Eobert Allgood of Nunwick. 

c See p. 273 post. 

7 Teasdale White, son of George White of Humshaugh, who married in 
1709, Elizabeth, sister and co-heir of Thomas Teasdale of Newcastle and 
Steel-hall in Slaley. 

8 Henry Fenwick of Hexham, ensign in the Northumberland Militia in 
1759. He married 12 Aug., 1747, Catherine, daughter of George Mitford 
of Hexham, surgeon and apothecary, and died 1 June, 1796, being described 
in the contemporary newspaper announcement as ' formerly an ensign and 
lieutenant in the Northumberland Militia/ Mrs. Fenwick was aunt of 
the father of Miss Mary Russell Mitford, the authoress of Our Village y 
etc. 

'Stephen Kitchin was appointed Parish Clerk of Chollerton in 1762, 
which office he held until his death in the month of August, 1771. 



266 

Mr. Craister of Newcastle calPd about my shop. 

[1761. April] 8. Wednesday. Neddy Kell here; lent him 3 
guineas. 

Sent Bob Wilkinson to Mr. Reed about the late Riot. 

[1761. April] 9. Thursday. Jack and Peggy went to see the 
sham fight of the Light Horse at Hexham. 

[1761. April] 10. Friday. Pease and quietness! 

[1761. April] 11. Saturday. Ned Hymers can leap up my stair- 
case at two jumps; afraid of the soldiers on account of the Riot. 

[1761.] April 12. Sunday. Not at church. Pease and quiet- 
ness ! 

Some of the Wall men here as usual on account of the late Riot. 

[1761. April] 13. Monday. Pease and quietness! 

[1761. April] 14. Tuesday Mr. Soulsbye, and Willy Potts din'd 
here. 

William Anick prisoner at Hexham this day for High Treason. 

Captain Blackett 10 and Mr. Pratt, 11 officers of the Militia, married 
last week. 

[1761. April] 15. Wednesday. At home. In the afternoon went 
to the Bridge-end with Jack. 

[1761. April] 16. Thursday. Din'd at Hexham. An appeal day 
on account of the militia. Came home before dark along with Ensign 
Harry Fenwick. 

[1761.] April 17. Friday. Invited to Mrs. KelPs funeral against 
to-morrow : George Kell's mother. 12 

[1761. April] 18. Saturday. Sent Robin Hymers to Mrs. Kell's 
funeral. 

Lumley here }-esterday ; a pensioner. 

[1761. April] 19. Sunday. At home all day. Mr. Soulsbye, 

10 On Tuesday, the 31st ult., was married at Edinburgh, Captain John 
Erasmus Blackett of the Northumberland Militia, to Miss Rhodam, a young 
lady whose beauty, merit, and accomplishments have made her universally 
admired, with a fortune of £5,000. Newcastle Courant, 11 April, 1761. 

11 Last week was married at Eccles, near Kelso, Captain William Pratt 
of the Northumberland Militia, to Miss Paterson, sister of Sir John 
Paterson, bart., an accomplished young- lady with a considerable fortune. 
Newcastle Courant, 11 April, 1761. 

Sir John Patterson, of Eccles, third and last baronet, son and heir of 
John Patterson by Margaret, daughter of Sir William Seton of Pitmeddan, 
bart., succeeded his grandfather in 1759. He was Knight of the Shire for 
Berwickshire, 1779-1780, and married 2 Oct., 1755, Anne, daughter of Hugh, 
third and last Earl of Marchmont. He died at Bath s.p.m. on 14 Jan., 
1782, and his widow at Newcastle, 27 July, 1790. His only child and 
heiress, Anne Patterson carried Eccles in marriage to Sir Philip Anstruther 
of Anstruther, bart., whom she married 17 Feb., 1778. 

12 1761. April 18. Jane Kell, Hexham, buried. Register of St. John 
Lee. 



267 

Captain Dodds, Attorney Hunter 13 at Brunton in the evening. Dodds 
belongs to the Roval Foresters. 

1761. April] 20. Monday. At home all day. 

1761. April] 21. Tuesday. Corporal Watson, and Jackson that 
has the blind wife, at Brunton on furlow from Berwick. 

Went to Newcastle this day : Nicholson with me in the evening. 
Mr. Charlton of London and .... there. 

[1761. April 22.] Wednesday. Saw Captain Cambell of the In- 
dependent Highlanders. 

Nicholson and Snowball din'd with me. 

Received some of the rent® this day. 

Supt with an Highland Officer. 

[1761.] April 23. Thursday. Frank Dawson 14 wants to cheat 
me of a year's rent of the shop. Gave Mr. Lamb power to receive 
the remainder of the rents ; signed his lease; he is to let the shop. 

Saw Ensign Stephenson. 

Drew bills for Mr. Soulsbye. Cook paid Mr. Hymers for the 
porter : ordered more. Came home this day. 

5 of the Throcklow men 15 taken last Tuesday night. Light Horse 
in search of some of the rioters at Matfen, &c. 

Paid Mr. Dobson 31. interest. 

[1761. April] 24. Friday. Mrs. Shaftoe here. 

[1761. April] 25. Saturday. Mr. Lieutenant Newton 16 and Anty 
Hunter 17 here this morning. 

Mr. Ensign Gibson 18 here in the afternoon. 

Lent to Billy Thomson 21. 2s. Od. a few days ago. 

[1761. April] 26. Sunday. Parson Harrison called here going to 
the chapel. 

1S William Hunter of Hexham, attorney, son of Isaac Hunter of 
Dukesfield-hall in Slaley, born 1734, married 1764, Esther, daughter and 
co-heir of Lancelot Allgood of Riding in By well, died circa 1783. Cf. 
Hunter pedigree, new History of Northumberland, vol. vi., p. 275. 

14 Francis Dawson of Newcastle, was an ensign in the Northumberland 
Militia in 1759. 

15 Yesterday, five more of the persons concerned in the riot at Hexham 
were apprehended at Throckley-fell and committed to Morpeth gaol. 

Newcastle Courant, 25 April, 1761. 

16 Thomas Newton of Hawkwell in Stamfordham, a lieutenant in the 
Northumberland Militia in 1759, eldest son of Robert Newton of that 
place by Catherine Surtees, his wife, was baptised at Stamfordham, 
May 20, 1737. In 1767 he made an elopement with Anne, daughter and co-heir 
of Robert Andrews, of Hexham, to whom he was married at Edinburgh, 
on or about July 15 of that year. She only survived her marriage a few 
weeks and died unreconciled to her mother. See Newcastle Courant 18 July, 
1767 and 8 Aug., 1767. Thomas Newton is described in his will dated 
March 26, 1771, as 'late of Hawkwell and now of Morpeth.' He died in 
the first week of the following month. 

"Anthony Hunter of Chollerton in 1758 was a trustee under the will 
of his sister, Mrs. Anne Armstrong of Mollersteads in Hexham Middle 
Quarter. Cf. new History of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 51. 

"Reginald Gibson, High Balk. Cf. p. 261 supra. 



268 

1761. April 27. Monday. At home. Robin got the guy yester- 
day at il. 10s. 

Ballotting at Hexham this day: Matthew Robson drawn. 

"1761. April] 28. Tuesday. At home. 

1761. April] 29. Wednesday. At home. Mr. Green here. 

1761. April] 30. Thursday. At home. 

1761.] May 1. Friday. At Hexham. Settled all affairs with 
Mrs. Hindmarsh ; saw the account. Mrs. Proctor, my crfeditor]. 

Came home late at night. 

Mr. Soulsbye din'd here this day. 

[1761. May] 2. Saturday. At" Willy Shaftoe's in the afternoon. 
Parson Willson there. Jack with me. 

1761. May] 3. Sunday. Not at church. At home all day. 
1761. May] 4. Monday. Mr. Green called here; he is going to 
Mr. Roberts, 19 who is at Nunwick. 

[1761.] May 5. Tuesday. Jemmy Dunn and his son the drummer 
call'd at Brunton this morning. 

[1761. May] 6. Wednesday. At home. Paid the Easter reckon- 
ings. 

1761. May] 7. Thursday. At home. 

1761. May] 8. Friday. Carrick of Wardrew and Davy Urvin 
call'd at Brunton going to the fair. At the Bridge end. 

[1761. May] 9. Saturday. Whitsun fair-day. 

Jenny Reed here. Drummers Dun and Hemley here. Willy 
Shaftoe din'd here. N.B. his brother Caput (?). 

[1761. May] 10. Sunday. Betty Thomson here. I wrote to Mr. 
Reed on Stephen's account ; he advises him not to return yet. Not 
at churcK. 

[1761. May] 11. Monday. Mrs. Shaftoe here in the afternoon. 
Dr. Smith call'd. 

[1761. May] 12. Tuesday. Whitsun hiring-day. 

Lamb-ton's Company came into Hexham yesterday. 

[1761. May] 13. Wednesday. At home. Mr. Soulsbye called : 
he is going to Morpeth meeting. 

Young Mr. Mewburn here in the afternoon, He has still Livy's 
History. At Humshaugh in the afternoon. 

[1761. May] 14. Thursday. Jack, Will Shaftoe, G. White, Bob 
and self at Warden hills. In the afternoon went to Acomb and round 
by Codlaw hill. 20 

[1761. May] 15. Friday. Jack Gibson, Rob. Johnson and Cum- 
mins and Dixon here. Betty Crowhall, Nan Jennings here. 

19 Nicholas Roberts, step-son of Sir Edward Blackett, third baronet, 
resided at Hexham Abbey; he owned some property near Humshaugh in 
the parish of Simonburn, and died December 8, 1761, aged 61. Cf. Roberts 
pedigree, new History of Northumberland, vol. iii., p. 297. 

20 At Coldlaw, anciently Codden, to the east of Brunton, a coal mine 
was worked as earlv as 1499. 



269 

[1761. May] 16. Saturday. Mr. Soulsbye here, coming from 
Morpeth. Mr. Salmon and Mr. Green 1 here. 

George Scott and a recruit, Hutchinson, going to Berwick. 

Bambrough of Bearel taken up by the Light Horse on Thursday 
morning and carried to Morpeth gaol on account of the Riot. 

[1761. May] 17. Sunday. Trinity Sunday. Not at church. 
Jack Hubbuck call'd, furlong (sic) renewed. Dr. Smith 2 din'd here. 
Mrs. Shaftoe and Mrs. Cookson here. 
. [1761. May] 18. Monday. At home all day. 

[1761.] May 19. Tuesday. Jack and self at Humshaugh. Peggy 
at Hexham. Neddy Kell here. 

[1761. May] ^0. Wednesday. Came from Brunton this afternoon 
and got to Rothbury about 7 at night. 

[1761. May] 21. Thursday. Came from Rothbury about nine and 
•dined at Wooller Haugh-head and got to Berwick about 7 at night. 

[1761. May] 22. Friday. Berwick fair; Mr. Hall 3 the mayor, 
opening the fair with music ; Ned Hall 4 officer on guard. 

Note that 7s., 3s. Qd., &o. is to [be] allow'd as militia money. See 
ancient book at home. 

[1761. May] 23. Saturday. Yesterday I bought the London 
Vocabulary for Jack. 

At the play : Gentle Shepherd acted. Captain Blackett's lady 
there. 

Supt at Dr. Doubleday's. 

[1761. May] 2-1. Sunday. Not at church : in the house all day. 

[1761. May] 25. Monday. At the Harrow in the evening. £P 
Matthew White came to town this evening about half an hour past 
ten. Old Mr. Grey 5 and his two sons there. 

[1761.] May 26. Tuesday. Staid at the Harrow till 5 this morn- 
ing. N.B. S r Matthew swore last night that he would have little 
Nemo Stephenson tried by a court martial. Query : Is S r Matthew 
right in the head-piece? 

Went to the Spittal in the afternoon. 

[1761. May] 27. Wednesday. Supt at the Harrow this evening. 

1 The families of Salmon and Green were yeomen proprietors in the 
parish of Slaley. 

2 Probably Robert Smith of Hexham, surgeon and apothecary, to 
whose son Robert and a daughter, baptised respectively in 1743 and 1745 at 
Hexham, Mr. George White [of Humshaugh] stood sponsor. 

3 William Hall, mayor of Berwick,' 1760-1761. 

4 Edward Hall of North Shields, a lieutenant in the Northumberland 
Militia, in 1759. 

5 Bryan Grey of Kyloe in the parish of Holy Island died very aged, 
12 July, 1792, having had, with other issue, five sons. John Grey, the 
youngest son, was an attorney at Berwick, and when returning home from 
Etal on the 15 November, 1774, fell from his horse and was killed, dying 
* with a fair character.' Newcastle Journal, 19 Nov., 1774. His daughter 
Dorothy took an annuity under a codicil of the will of her paternal grand- 
father, Bryan Grey. See Six North Country Diaries, p. 283n. 



270 

' Romeo and Juliet ' acted this night. 

Carr of Etal and Mrs. Ogle 6 were married about two days ago. 

S r Matthew was enquiring for Fenwiok last night. 

[1761. May] 28. Thursday. It is 13 weeks this day since Fen- 
wick went from Berwick to Hexham. 

Yesterday Mr. Rumney went to Alnwick. 

Hubbuck and some more came up from Hexham this day. 

Mr. Reed has had my grey horse these two days past ; he was 
fishing. 

[1761.] May 29. Friday. Charles the Second Restoration. 

Ensign Gibson came to town this day. 

[1761. May] 30. Saturday. By the London papers this day we 
learn that the English have taken the town of Talais in Bell Isle, and 
that the French had retired into the citadel. 

S r Matthew White with Captain Ward 7 call'd upon me this morn- 
ing to acquaint me about filling up the vacant commissions. S r 
Edward [Blaekett] wrote to him about it. 

Supt at the Harrow with S r Matthew, Mr. Selby, Reed, Collector, 8 
Adjutant. 

[1761. May] 31. Sunday. Not at church. Mr. Rumney came 
home this evening. 

Walkt with Dr. Doubleday on the ramparts and in his garden. 

[1761.] June 1. Monday. Captain Dixon 9 came to town last 
night. 

Bill Dodds of Hexham has been in custody ever since Saturday 
morning. 

Mr. Rumney began school to-day. 

At the Spittal in the afternoon. I saw there old Sergeant Thom- 
son discharged from the militia : he is going to London for his 
pension. 

Went te the play at night. Hamlet acted. S r Thomas Hagger- 

6 Anne, daughter and co-heir of William Ord of Newbiggen, ' a beautiful 
lady with a fair fortune/ married first 13 Oct., 1736, Henry Ogle of 
Causey Park (died 1761), and secondly William Carr of Etal, and she died 
s.p. 1766. Cf. Ord pedigree, Raine, North Durham, p. 311. 

7 William Ward of Nunnykirk, captain in Northumberland Militia,. 
1759, was the second son of William Ward of Morpeth and Nunnykirk by 
his wife Anne, sister of Edward Collingwood of Chirton, Recorder of 
Newcastle. He was born Nov. 19, 1733, married June 12, 1771, to Ann Ord, 
and died s.p. in London in the month of April, 1784. 

8 William Temple, Collector of H.M. Customs, Berwick; see p. 257 supra. 

9 Abraham Dixon, baptized at St. John's, Newcastle, 10 Mar., 1723/4, 
eldest son of Abraham Dixon of Newcastle, merchant adventurer, (who, in 
1726 purchased Belford, and died in 1746), a captain in the Northumber- 
land Militia in 1759, major 1762, lieutenant-colonel 1764, married, 21 Nov., 
1779, at Belford, Mrs. Anne Wilkinson, and died s.p. 5 Jan., 1782. 



271 

ston, 10 his lady, and his brother Haggerston there. High Life Below 
Stairs, the farce. 

[1761. June] 2. Tuesday. At the Harrow in the evening. N.B. 
S r Matthew's and Captain Reed's quarrel ; a glass of punch in S r 
Matthew's face. 

Captain Hall 11 came up on Monday evening last night. 

[1761. June] 3. Wednesday. Came from the Harrow this morn- 
ing about 3 o'clock. 

At the play. Mrs. Cay 12 of Charlton there, Mrs. Selby 13 there. 

Mr. Ensign Fen wick 14 came to town this afternoon. 

Play : Recruiting Officer with the Tarrs of Old England acted. 

At the printing office this afternoon. 

[1761. June] 4. Thursday. 14 weeks yesterday since Ensign 
Harry r^enwick left Berwick ; but yesterday he came to town. 

King George the Third's birthday; 3 fires in the parade; 15 
officers din'd at the Red Lion, 15 5 did not ; the Mayor and gentlemen 
of the town there. N.B. Not above 5 or 6 officers absent from town. 
All in new regimen tails but 5 of us. Soulsbye came to town just after 
dinner. 

A grand quarrel between Mr. Hall, now mayor, and Captain 
Romer. 16 Romer jumpt upon the table to attack the Mayor at the 



10 Sir Thomas Haggerston of Haggerston, fourth baronet, born circa 
1722, married, in 1754, Mary, daughter of George Silvertop of Minsteracres, 
and died 1777. His next brother, William, assumed first the name of 
Constable and subsequently that of Maxwell. The third brother, Edward 
Haggerston of Ellingham, named in the text, died in 1804, aged 72. 

11 John Hall of Whitley, in the parish of Tynemouth, brewer, a captain 
in the Northumberland Militia in 1759, died at Berwick 19 April, 1762, and 
was buried there, being honoured with a military funeral. 

12 John Cay of North Charlton, in the parish of Ellingham, and of the 
Middle Temple, married, in 1756, Frances, daughter of Ralph Hodgson 
of Lintz, in the county of Durham. See pedigree of Cay, new History of 
Northumberland, vol. ii., p. 298. 

13 Mrs. Gabriel Selby of Pawston. 

14 Either Henry Fenwick of Hexham, an ensign in the Northumberland 
Militia in 1759. 

15 'George Reedpath of the Press returns his sincere thanks to his friends 
and customers for their past favours, and begs leave to acquaint the noble- 
men, gentlemen, travellers, etc., that he has re-entered to the Red Lion 
Inn in Berwick, where they may be furnished with the best accommodations 
and good entertainment, and their favours gratefully acknowledged by 
their obedient servant, George Reedpath. 

N.B. — Good four-wheeled post-chaises, with able horses and careful 
drivers, on the shortest notice. He continues the inn at the Press as usual.' 
Newcastle Journal, 18 Sept., 1773. 

16 John Romer — son of John Lambertus Romer, R.E., and grandson of 
Wolfgang Romer, who coming to England with William III. became chief 
engineer at Portsmouth — born 1713, married, 1746, Margaret Armorer of 
Tweedmouth, died at Berwick in the month of June, 1773, leaving, with 



272 

In the evening after assembly went with Mr. Soulsbye, &c. to 
Mr. Todd's. 

[1761. June] 5. Friday. Major S r Matthew White turn'd the 
guard 3 times out last night. N.B. Steady major! Steady! 

This afternoon George Forster 17 formerly of Bellingham, was 
buried at Tweedmouth; Captain Reed, Dr. Doubleday, Dr. Wood, 18 
two more with myself were bearers ; old Elliot server. 

At the Harrow in the evening. 

[1761. June] 6. Saturday. Received a letter from Mr. Lowes 
this morning. 

N.B. Mr. Soulsbye came to town last Thursday : he had not been 
10 minutes in the room till he saw : — 

1. The Mayor of Berwick and Captain Romer ready for a boxing 
match. 

2. Noise, drunkenness and confusion. 

3. The major, down with his breeches and up with his shirt and 
shew'd his belly above the navel. 

4. The major mob'd at night, and N.B. Major, damn your soul, 
what do you want. Major, stead}^ ! Major, steady ! Saturday Evening 
for ever. 

The Mayor, Mr. Temple, Captain Romer, Captain Reed, Mr. Souls- 
bye, Selby, the major and self at Rippath's in the evening. The 
mayor and Captain Romer friends again. N.B. S r Matthew and Gib- 
son 19 ; Gibson commands his purse, his horse and is to kiss his 
maidens at Blagdon. 

[1761. June] 7. Sunday. Came from Berwick with Mr. Souls- 
"bye, Mr. Gibson and din'd with Captain Dixon at Bellford. Captain 
Reed and Lieutenant Ord 20 there. Dr. Sharp 1 came in the after- 
other issue, a son, John William Romer, of the 60th regiment, afterwards 
a general in the army. 

1769. Dec. 15. Will of John Romer of Berwick, esq. : to my wife, £45 
per annum out of my lands in Cheswick ; to my son, John William, £600 
when 21 ; to my son, Henry Clennel, £600 ; to my son, Collingwood, £600 ; 
to my daughter, Anne, £600; to my daughter, Margaret, £600; to my 
daughter, Mary, one guinea, she being married ; my land to my eldest son, 
Robert. Codicil, 15 May, 1773. My daughter, Anne, now wife of John 
Meadows, esq. Proved at Durham, 1775. Raine, Testamenta Diinelm. 

17 1761. June 5. Mr. George Forster, General Surveyor of the King's 
Salt Duties at Berwick, buried. Tweedmouth Registers. 

18 James Wood, who occurs as surgeon of the Northumberland Militia 
in 1762, married in 1750, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Simpson of Nun- 
lands, and died, leaving issue, Sept. 28, 1796, aged 73 or 75 years. 

39 Reginald Gibson. See p. 261 supra. 

20 William Ord of Morpeth, a lieutenant in the Northumberland Militia 
in 1759, was eldest son of John Ord of Morpeth, and of Grindon in North 
Durham. He married his cousin Anne, daughter and heiress of William 
Ward of Nunnykirk, and died in 1814, aged 79. 

J The Rev. Thomas Sharp, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, some 
time vicar of Hartburn and perpetual curate of Bamburgh. 



273 

noon. Conversation on the Transit of Venus 2 over the disk of the 
sun. Staid with Captain Dixon all night. 

[1761. June] 8. Monday. Came from Bellford this morning. 
Left Dixon, Reed, Soulsbye and Ord at the boathouse, they going to 
the Fairn Islands. I went forward to Mr. Wood's 3 of Beadland and 
dined there. Mr. Wood came after dinner. From thence I came to 
Alnwick in the evening. 

[1761. June] 9. Tuesday. Mr. Soulsbye came to me at Alnwick 
and we came from thence about 11 o'clock and din'd at Rothbury. 
We parted about 6 miles on this side of Rothbury : he went to Long- 
witton and I got home about 9 at night. 

Came past Sergeant Maudlin's) at Chollerton. 

A book left either at Berwick or Alnwick. 

[1761. June] 10. Wednesday. 3 weeks this day since I went 
last to Berwick. 

Sergeant Maudlin here this morning. 

Jack began to conjugate Amo this morning. At Humshaugh in 
the evening with Jack. 

[1761. June] 11. Thursday. Went this afternoon with Jack 3 * and 
Bob to Hallington to see Mr. Soulsbye ; he was not at home ; he was 
at Carryooats, standing god-father to Mr. Shaftoe's son. 

[1761. June] 12. Friday. With Jack upon Wall craggs. 

Mr. Soulsbye here in the morning; he is going to Hexham on 
account of the Riot, Mr. Perrot, sollicitor to the Treasury, is come 
from London to take fresh informations. 

[1761. June] 13. Saturday. Mr. Shaftoe here in the afternoon. 
The soldiers in search of Jemmy Wiggam yesterday afternoon. 

[1761.] June 14. Sunday. Parson Willson's 4 3 children here in 
the afternoon. Not at church. 

2 The transit of Venus over the disk of the sun occurred 6 June, 1761, 
* as the morning proved very favourable, this uncommon phaenomenon, 
which made a wonderful and delightful appearance, even to the naked eye, 
was seen from the rising of the sun to the end of the transit without the 
interruption of any clouds to obscure it.' Newcastle Journal, 13 June, 
1761. 

3 Thomas Wood of Beadnell (eldest son of John Wood, tenant of Presson 
near Cornhill, who purchased lands in Beadnell in 1735), married in 1737 
Anne, daughter of John Craster of Craster, and died in the month of July, 
1766. 

Sa -Jack was the Diarist's son; Bob has not been identified. 

4 • Parson Wilson ' was probably the Rev. Cuthbert Wilson of Queen's 
College, Oxford, successively curate of Gateshead, lecturer of St. Nicholas' 
and of St. Ann, Newcastle. He was residing in Rosemary Lane, Newcastle 
in 1763, when he advertised to be sold Walwick, Ryehill, the Carts, etc. He 
ultimately sold Walwick to ... . Dixon of Newcastle, attorney, who 
resold (before the year 1774) to Henry Tulip of Fallowfield (cf. new History 
of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 159). He died circa 1773. His son, Robert 
Wilson, of All Souls' College, Oxford, was lecturer of St. John's, Newcastle, 
irom 1790 to his death, 9 Nov., 1811. 

18 



274 

[1761. June] 15. Monday. Jack, Bob and self went to Mrs. 
Bacon's 5 at Newbrough ; Tulip 6 there. Met Dr. Hunter in the town. 

[1761. June] 16. Tuesday. Jack, Bob and self went to Chip- 
chase in the evening: Mr. Tulip there. Mr. Reed came home last 
Saturday. 

Mrs. Shaftoe 7 at Brunton in the afternoon. 

[1761. June] 17. Wednesday. This morning news came to Hex- 
ham that we had taken Bell Isle. 

Mr. Soulsbye din'd here ; coming from Hexham cockfighting : 
Dr. Hunter won. 

N.B. Sold the black horse to Mr. Soulsbye this day, and he took 
him home with him in the afternoon. 5Z. 

[1761. June] 18. Thursday. Jack, Bob and self at Humshaugh 
in the afternoon. 

Mr. John Shaftoe, Mr. Roberts 8 and Captain Heriot call'd at Mr. 
Shaf toe's.; they coming from Mr. Allgood' s. 9 

[1761. June] 19. Friday. At home all day. 

[1761. June] 20. Saturday. Jack, Bob and self went to the 
Chesters to view the remains of the Roman fort and bridge. 

In this day's paper was confirmed the taking of the citadel of 
Talais in Bell Isle. 

[1761. June] 21. Sunday. Parson Harrison called, going to the 
chapel. He informed me of Mr. Aynsley 10 of Threepwood's death 
and says that he is to be buried to-morrow at Haydon church. 

5 Jane, widow of John Blenkinsop, and daughter of Thomas Marshall 
of Walltown, married secondly circa 1715, John Bacon of Newbrough and 
Bellister, and died Feb. 12, 1789. Cf. pedigree of Bacon, new History of 
Northumberland, vol. vi., p. 235. 

6 Henry Tulip of Fallowfield, lieutenant in Northumberland Militia. 
See p. 261 supra. 

7 Probably John Shafto, who but for the attainder of his father, 
William Shafto of Little Bavington, for taking part in the rebellion of 
1715, would have inherited the family estates. In early life he was a page 
in the service of the Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, but afterwards 
retired to Hexham, where he died unmarried, June 27, 1773. 

8 Nicholas Roberts of Hexham Abbey. Cf. p. 268 supra. 

9 Possibly the widow of Robert Allgood of Nunwick, mother of Dame 
Jane Allgood of Nunwick. 

10 ' Sacred to the memory of John Aynsley, late of Threepwood, in the 
county of Northumberland, esquire, who died on the 18th day of June, 
1761, aged 48 years. He acted for many years in the commission of the 
peace and as a deputy lieutenant. He also had the command of a company 
in the regiment raised in 1745 to preserve the internal peace of the county 
at that perilous time, in all which stations he behaved himself with 
propriety, resolution and integrity. He was a true friend to the religion, 
laws and liberty of his country. This monument is erected by his kinsman 
and executor, G-awen Aynsley of Little Harle Tower, esquire.' Mural tablet 
in Haydon (Old) Chapel. 

He was the only surviving son of John Aynsley of Hexham, attorney, 
who purchased Threepwood in 1711 and is stated to have acted for the Earl 
of Derwentwater. He died at Hexham 12 September, 1751, aged 92; his 
will dated 5 January, 1748/9, was proved at York. See pedigree of Aynsley* 
new History of Northumberland, vol. x., p. 159. 



275 

Not at church : at home all day. 

[1761. June] 22. Monday. Mrs. Shaftoe here in the morning, 
and also Mr. Green, he is going to Simonburn. 

N.B. The officers of Lambton's regiment behaviour at Hexham; 
Dacres, Roche, Matthews belong' d to the Royal Forresters. 

This day the Races begin at Newcastle. 

Jack, Bob and self went to see Biddy' s Crags. 

[1761. June] 23. Tuesday. Mrs. Shaftoe here in the afternoon. 
At home all day. 

[1761. June] 24. Wednesday. Truman, the barber at Brunton, 
he's discharged from the militia on account of his leg which was 
broke. 

Mrs. Fairlamb of Hexham here in the afternoon. 

Bathing with Jack and Bob in the evening. 

[1761. June] 25. Thursday. Went to Newcastle this day. Went 
to the Assembly at night. Race Week. 

[1761. June] 26. Friday. Came from Newcastle in the after- 
noon and got home at night. Saw and spoke to Captain Campbell 
of the Highlanders. Settled all accounts with Mr. Lamb about the 
rents of my house. 

Peggy says that Mr. Soulsbye and Mrs. Shaftoe were at Brunton 
this day. 

This day the races end at Newcastle. 

N.B. Frank Dawson to pay 40/ . for a rape. 

[1761. June] 27. Saturday. At home. Mr. Francis Stokoe 11 at 
the door in the evening. 

Jack Oliver, Tom Husband, 12 Ned Hymers here at night under 
apprehension of the soldiers of Hexham taking them up as rioters. 

Nan Milburn went to Mr. Shaftoe 's to continue there for the 
week ensuing. 

[1761. June] 28. Sunday. At home all day. Jack Nicholson at 
Brunton. 

[1761.] June 29. Monday. Mr. Wear says that Mr. Heron 13 of 
Nine-Banks is lam'd by a fall from his horse. 

This morning one Henderson of Heddon-on-the-Wall was taken up 
on account of the Riot. 

The soldiers still searching for rioters. 

[1761. June] 30. Tuesday. At home all day. 

11 Francis Stokoe was a contemporary attorney at Hexham, the baptism 
of whose children are entered from 1759 to 1773 in Hexham Parish Registers. 

12 1771. Feb. 12. Thomas Husband, Brunton, buried. Register of 
St. John Lee. 

1773. Dec. 8. Thomas Husband, Wall, buried. Ibid. 

" John Heron of Shield-hall in SI a ley, only surviving son of John 
Heron of that place and of Birtley in the parish of Chollerton, married in 
1748, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of George Robson of Ninebanks, and 
died circa 1805, leaving issue. See Heron pedigree, new History of North- 
umberland, vol. iv., p. 362. 



276 

[1761.] July 1. Wednesday. Mr. Soulsbye, Green, Dr. Hunter, 
Tony Liddle din'd at Brunt on. 

Jack, Bob and self rode beyond Wallwick to view the Roman 
Wall. Mr. White came after dinner. 

[1761.] July 2. Thursday. vVent with Jack [and] Bob to Hums- 
haugh this afternoon. 

[1761.] July 3. Friday. Parson Dunn call'd at Brunton this 
morning. 

At the Bridge-end with Mr. Soulsbye, Green, Mrs. Soulsbye, Dr. 
Hunter and several others : left the company there. 

[1761.] July 4. Saturday. This morning Mr. Shaftoe tells me 
that Mr. White and Captain Joe Reed had a very great quarrel after I 
left them at the Bridge-end. 

Midsummer fair-day. In the evening went with Jack and Bob 
to Stagshaw-bank : met with Bill Robson and Bill Dodds there. 

Joe Reed in the fight lost two teeth and Teasdale got a black eye 
and Jemmy Moor was fell'd. 

Mr. Vazey at Brunton : paid him 171. 

[1761. July] 5. Sunday. At Mr. Shaftoe's (Humshaugh), but he 
not at home : staid there about an hour. 

Lent Jemmy Turner two shillings. 

[1761. July] 6. Monday. At home all day. 

[1761. July] 7. Tuesday. Jack and self went to see Cocklaw 
Tower. 

This morning Jemmy Spoor, Bill Dodds and Blaiklock call'd at 
Brunton : they are going to Berwick. 

[1761.] July 8. Wednesday. At home all day. 

[1761. July] 9. Thursday. Went with Jack and Bob to see 
Swinburn in the evening. 

[1761. July] 10. Friday. Went with Jack, Bob [and] George 
White to Sewen Shields Castle ; King Arthur would not appear. 
Call'd at Wallwick. 

[1761. July] 11. Saturday. Sandy Black, who lodges at Mary 
Johnson's, has pepper and eggs for supper. N.B. Mary is a widow. 

At Mr. Shaftoe' s in the afternoon. 

[1761. July] 12. Sunday. At church with Parson Stokoe 14 at 
Chollerton : he din'd at Brunton. In the afternoon Mr. John 
Shafto>>, Willy Shaftoe, wife, 15 Dr. Smith at Brunton the afternoon. 

[1761. July] 13. Monday. At home all day. 

[1761.] July 14. Tuesday. At home all day. 

14 The Rev. Alexander Stokoe; master of Hexham Grammar School, 
perpetual curate of St. John Lee, 1734, to his death, Feh. 22, 1766. 

18 William Shafto of Humshaugh, married secondly circa 1750, Eliza- 
beth Coxon, who survived until 1799. See pedigree, new History of North- 
umberland, vol. iv., p. 419. 



277 

^ [1761. July] 15. Wednesday. Mr. Lieutenant Newton 16 and Mr. 
Hind 17 of the Stelling call'd this morning. 

Mr. and Mrs. Richardson came to Wallwick last Sunday night. 

Mrs. Shaftoe and Mrs. Hirdman in the afternoon. 

Hexham Sessions began this day. Insolvent debtors to be dis- 
charged. 

[1761. July] 16. Thursday. Niehol Waugh discharged. 

Jack, Bob and [self] at Haughton Castle and Humshaugh. 

[1761. July] 17. Friday. Jack, Bob and self ride round by the 
kilns. 

[1761. July] 18. Saturday. At Hexham with Jack and Bob. 

Paid Neddy Charlton 10 pounds on account. 

[1761.] July 19. Sunday. Jack and self at Hatheridge in the 
afternoon to see Mr. and Mrs. Richardson. 

[1761.] July 20. Monday. Went to see Mrs. Soulsbye. Dr. 
Hunter, Mr. Green at the Bridge-end. 

[1761. July] 21. Tuesday. Came from Brunton to Berwick. 
Call'd at Mr. Soulsbye's at Hallington Mains. Came from thence to 
Cambo and din'd there, — from thence to Ellsdon and stopt there 
about an hour ; thence we came to Whittingham and stopt there. 

[1761. July] 22. Wednesday. Staid last night at Whittingham. 
Mr. Lowes 18 of Newcastle and his lady call'd there this morning. 
From Whittingham came to Wooller Haugh-head and din'd there; 
from thence to Berwick this evening. 

A meeting last Saturday. 8 men in custody. 

At the Club in the evening. 

[1761.] July 23. Thursday. In the house all day. 

[1761. July] 24. Friday. Mr. Fenwick and self went to Thorn- 
ton to see Mr. Nicholson 19 ; about 5 miles from Berwick. 

In the evening Captain Dixon and Captain Reed came to town. 

[1761. July] 25. Saturday. Captain Reed went home again this 
morning. 

By the Gazette this morning we learn that the English had taken 
Pondicherry on which the great guns were fired and the Regiment 
under arms. 

Saw Mr. Robson of Wallington this morning. 

1G Thomas Newton. See p. 267 supra. 

11 Oswald Hind of Stelling, in the parish of Bywell St. Peter, born 
1706, died 1781. See pedigree, new History of Northumberland, vol. vi., p. 
141. 

18 William Lowes of Newcastle, attorney, and of Ridley-hall, in the 
parish of Haltwhistle, born 1711, married Margaret, daughter of R. Marley 
of Pelton, and died 1783, leaving issue. 

19 The family of Nicholson owned Loan-end and rented Thornton in 
the parish of Norham for several generations. The Mr. Nicholson named 
in the text was George Nicholson, born 1720, died October, 1777 (cousin 
german of George Nicholson of Loan-end, born 1712, died March, 1777). 
The pedigree in Raine, North Durham, p. 302, stands in need of revision. 



278 

In the afternoon at Mrs. Younghusband's 20 along with Mr. Nichol- 
son of Thornton ; Mr. Fenwick, Mr. Forster, &c. 

In the evening at the Harrow, and afterwards at the Excise Office. 

[1761. July] 26. Sunday. Sergeant Hanson confined this morn- 
ing in the Black Hole. 

This morning by express we learn that Prince Ferdinand had 
given a total defeat to the French army. 

This morning Billy Heron's daughter was married to one of our 
soldiers. Mr. Harry Fen wick gave her away. 

In the evening at the Excise Office with Mr. Fenwick, Gibson and 
Mr. Alder. 1 

This evening Mr. Tulip came to town. 

[1761. July] 27. Monday. This morning a firing on the Parade 
on account of Prince Ferdinand's victory. 

Robin Hymers with Mr. Gibson and George Ramsay went home. 

At the Excise Office with Fenwick and Newton this evening. 

From what I can learn from Mr. Moseley and Newton, Ensign 
Stephenson 2 has taken his farewell of us on account of his cowardly 
behaviour with Captain Selby. The quarrel arose about the mutiny. 

Assizes begin this day at Newcastle : Captain Collingwood 3 
High Sheriff. 

[1761.] July 28. Tuesday. A field-day; but not there. At the 
Harrow in the evening. 

[1761. July] 29. Wednesday. Received 2 letters, one from En- 
sign Stephenson, and Cook of Hexham. 

This morning I was President of a court martial upon one Bruce 
in Captain Hall's company ; he is to have 200 lashes. 

At the Harrow in the evening. 

[1761. July] 30. Thursday. This morning Bruce was whipt and 
got 175 lashes : I was not present. 

[1761.] July 31. Friday. Pease and quietness. 

This evening I supt with Mr. Rumney. Mr. Stockdale 4 and young 

20 The Mrs. Younghushand mentioned in the text was probably Eliza- 
beth, widow of George Younghusband of Berwick, whose son, Major- 
General Charles Younghushand, married Dec., 1814, Frances, daughter of 
Robert Romer of Berwick, granddaughter of Robert Romer named above, 
p. 271 supra. See pedigree, new History of Northumberland, vol. i., p. 414. 

1 William Alder of Horncliffe, half-brother and heir of Ralph Alder of 
that place, who died in 1758. He was born in 1742, matriculated at Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford, in 1759, and died in 1800, leaving issue. Cf. Alder 
pedigree, Arch. Ael. } 3 ser., vol. v., p. 35. 

2 Robert Stephenson of Newcastle, an ensign in the Northumberland 
Militia in 1759, remained as such up to the year 1762, and perhaps later. 
John Stephenson of North Shields was a lieutenant in 1759. 

3 Alexander Collingwood of Unthank and Little Ryle, was a captain in 
the Northumberland Militia in 1759, and High Sheriff of Northumberland 
in 1761. 

*Percival Stockdale, only son of the Rev. Thomas Stockdale, vicar of 
Branxton, born Oct. 26, 1736, educated at Alnwick Grammar School under 



279 

Mr. Temple were there. N.B. Stockdale's engagement with Miss 
Buck ; by verdict to pay 300/. : he is determined not to pay her one 
penny. 

[1761. J August 1. Saturday. At Mr. Wood's house this morn- 
ing : his youngest daughter still very bad. 

With Mr. Fenwick in the evening at the Excise Office and after- 
wards we went to the frigates. 

[1761. August] 2. Sunday. At Rippath's with Jack Hubbock in 
the evening. 

[1761.] August 3. Monday. By the Newcastle paper this morn- 
ing we learn that Jack Hudson of Acomb with some more were dis- 
charged at the Assizes 5 the last week on account of Hexham Riot ; 
George Wilkinson of Wall, Laird Bell with others are to take their 
trialls against the 17th instant. Tom Bambrough to appear again 
upon his recognizance. 

Mr. Wood and Fenwick at my lodgings in the afternoon. Rode 
out in the evening. 

[1761. August] 4. Tuesday. Rode out in the afternoon. Supt 
with Mr. Wood in the evening at his house in Ratten Raw 6 : Rumney, 
Fenwick, Doubleday there. 

[1761. August] 5. Wednesday. This morning Liddel of Hexham 
with the seven other persons concerned in the riot at Tweedmouth 
and for the meeting at the Bridge Guard on the 20th of the last 
month were tried by a court martial : the riot was on the eighteenth. 

Abraham Rumney, at Berwick School under Joseph Rumney, and at the 
University of St. Andrews, obtained a commission in the Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers in 1755, which two years later he resigned. Through the disin- 
terested kindness of the Sharpe family (see p. 272 supra) he was enabled to 
take orders with a title as curate to Mr. Sharp in London. In or before 
1762, he became curate to the Rev. Thomas Thorp, vicar of Berwick, but 
apparently did not obtain priest's orders until 1781. He subsequently 
obtained the benefices of Lesbury and Longhoughton, which he continued to 
hold until his death, Sept. 14, 1811. Some account of his literary career is 
given in Six North Country Diaries (No. 118 of the series, p. 266). His wife 
(or one of his wives) was the Miss Christian Buck mentioned in the text, 
who lived apart from her husband, whom she survived until the month of 
July, 1812, when she died at Alnwick, at the age of 85. See Newcastle 
Courant, 15 Aug., 1812. 

5 At the assizes here this week the following persons charged with 
opposing the execution of the militia laws were (illegible), viz., George 
Oliver, Thomas Bell, John Hudson, Jacob U . . . ., John Young, Thomas 
Stewart, Patrick Ramsay, William Watson, Joseph Taylor and Jacob 
Robson. And Peter Patterson, George Bell, George Wilkinson, George 
Urwin, William Alder and John Shield, against whom indictments were 
found for riotously and contemptuously opposing the execution of the 
militia laws, were ordered to be confined in prison till the next assize 
which will be held here on Monday, the 17th inst., when they are to take 
their trials. William Elteringham, who was out on bail, on surrendering 
himself, was ordered to be put in irons and to take his trial with the six 
above mentioned. Thomas Bell and Thomas Bamborough were set at 
liberty on giving bail for their appearance at the assizes. Newcastle 
Journal, 1 Aug., 1761. 6 Now called Ravensdown. 



280 

At the Club this evening and chosen President by (sic) Mr. Isaac 
Brown. 

[1761.] August 6. Thursday. Came from the Harrow this morn- 
ing at three o'clock. 

This morning 4 of the mutineers were whipt. Liddell was one of 
them, and Kirby, or Corby, in my company. This morning Sergeant 
Maudlin in my company was broke by Captain Dixon. N.B. He was 
condemned without being heard. Jedburgh Law ! 

At the Spittal in the afternoon. With Fen wick at the Excise 
Office in the evening. 

[1761. August] 7. Friday. A field-day, but not there. Much 
rain. 

[1761. August] 8. Saturday. This afternoon Mr. Ensign Fen- 
wick and Jack Hubbuck with me. 

Miss Bell came home this afternoon from London. She was 
witness against Parson Stockdale about his contract with Miss Buck. 
1761.] August 9. Sunday. In the house most of the day. 

"1761. August] 10. Monday. Walked with Mr. Fenwick into 
Tweedmouth fields this morning. 

S r Edward Blackett is expected soon. 

Robin Hymers came to town this day to desire me to go home on 
account of George Wilkinson, who is to be tried on Monday first. 

[1761. August] 11. Tuesday. Came from Berwick this morning 
about 11 o'clock: din'd at Wooller Haugh-head : got to Rothbury 
about 8 at night. 

[1761. August] 12. Wednesday. Came from Rothbury about 11 
o'clock in the morning and din'd at Cambo : got home a little 
before 7 o'clock. Met Mr. William Shaftoe going to Bavington. 

[1761. August] 13. Thursday. Mr. Robson of Hubback call'd 
with his grandson and another. 

Mr. Green here in the afternoon. Ned Wilkinson 7 here in the 
morning and the afternoon, on account of his brother who is to be 
tried on Monday first on account of the Riot at Hexham. 

[1761. August] 14. Friday. At home all day. 

[1761. August] 15. Saturday. Parson Willson, Mr Richardson 
and Parson Stokoe at Brunton in the afternoon. 

[1761. August] 16. Sunday. Mrs. Shaftoe din'd here. 

In the afternoon went with Mr. Teasdale White 8 to Newcastle to 
give evidence on behalf of Geordy Wilkinson to be tried on account 
of the Hexham Riot : we were to speak to his character. Got to New- 
castle about 10 at night. 

7 1792. May 30. Edward Wilkinson, Wall, buried. Registers of St. 
John Lee. 

8 Teasdale White of Humshaugh, son of George White of that place by 
his wife, Elizabeth, sister and co-heir of Thomas Teasdale of Steel-hall in 
Slaley and of Newcastle. Cf. Teasdale pedigree, new History of Northum- 
berland, vol. vi., p. 374. George White and Elizabeth, his wife, were 
married 29 Dec, 1709, and she was buried in the chancel of Simonhurn, 
18 Oct., 1727. 



281 

[1761.] August 17. Monday. Assizes 9 : Bathurst and Lloyd', 
judges. Alder for the Bellford riot found guilty : S r Matthew White 
and Mr. Brown of Doxford, &c. witnesses. 

Spent the evening with Frank Dawson, Mr. White. 

[1761. August] 18. Tuesday. Peter Patterson found guilty this- 
morning : Laird Bell, George Wilkinson, Eltringham &o. acquitted. 
Alder and Patterson received sentence to be hanged. 

Got home at night. 

[1761. August] 19. Wednesday. At home all day. This after- 
noon Geordy Wilkinson got to Wall after being confined to Morpeth 
gaol since the 30th of March last. He was taken into custody on the 
26th of March and confined at Hexham, till he was carried to Morpeth 
on the 30th. Great joy at Wall on his arrival. 

[1761.] August 20. Thursday. At home all day. Geordy Wil- 
kinson here in the morning. Nichol Waugh here. 

[1761. August] 21. Friday. At home all day. 

[1761. August] 22. Saturday. Stephen Thompson here this 
morning ; he got home last night ; he went off on account of the Riot 
the 27th of March last : almost 5 months absent. 

Went to Humshaugh in the afternoon : Frank Dawson at Brunton 
in the evening; he paid me the ballance due on Widdrington's 
account. 

[1761. August] 23. Sunday. Dr. Smith called in the morning. 
Mrs. Smith of Westerhall, Mally Hubbuck, Captain John Willson, Mr. 
Ralf Smith, Jacky Reed here in the afternoon. Parson Stokoe call'd 
in the evening. 

[1761.] August 24. Monday. Went with Jack and Bob to Hall- 
ington Mains, but Mr. and Mrs. Soulsbye not at home. 

[1761. August] 25. Tuesday. Came from Brunton to Berwick. 

9 At the assizes held here by adjournment for the county of Northum- 
berland, on Monday last and which ended on Tuesday, Peter Patterson and 
William Elder indicted for High Treason were found guilty, received 
sentence of death, and were ordered for execution on Wednesday the 30 th of 
September next. George Wilkinson, George Bell, and William Eltringham 
all indicted for High Treason were acquitted (Eltringham by verdict, and 
the two former by consent of the counsel for the Crown who with great 
humanity declined entering into all the evidence against them, as some 
favourable circumstances appeared in their behalf). Thomas Bambrough 
and Thomas Bell indicted for misdemeanours at the assizes on the 27 th of 
July, and who had pleaded Not Guilty thereto, now withdrew their pleas 
and confessed the indictments and are also ordered to pay a fine and to be- 
respectively imprisoned for one week. Jane, the wife of George Longstaff* 
indicted for a misdemeanour, having pleaded Guilty, was ordered to be 
committed to jail for three months and also to pay a fine. George Erwen, 
indicted for a misdemeanour, having entered into a recognizance with two- 
sufficient sureties to try his traverse at the next assizes, was discharged 
out of custody. The King's Counsel have shown the greatest clemency in 
every prosecution, and have discharged several out of custody without 
preferring any indictment, who did not appear by the informations against 
them to have been of dangerous dispositions, or remarkably active in the 
riots. Newcastle Journal, 22 Aug., 1761. 



282 

Din'd at Cambo with Mr. Lodge of Bernard Castle j got to Whitting- 
ham and staid all night. 

[1761.] August 26. Wednesday. Came from Whittingham and 
din'd at Wooller Haugh-head : got to Berwick about six o'clock at 
night. 

Generall Sinclair came to town this afternoon ; he is to review us 
to morrow. 

At the Harrow in the evening. 

[1761.] August 27. Thursday. We were reviewed by Generall 
Sinclair 10 : all the officers in town but Mr. Delaval, 11 S r Matthew 
White and Mr. Gibson. Lieutenant Newton in town but not well. 
About 4 o'clock Generall Sinclair went out of town for Bellford. 

At the Harrow about two hours this afternoon. At the assembly 
in the evening. 

[1761. August] 28. Friday. At home all day. N.B. S r Edward's 12 
reproof for wearing a blue coat. 

[1761. August] 29. Saturday. Supt in the evening with Mr. 
Rumney and Dr. Doubleday. 

[1761. August] 30. Sunday. In the house most of the day. In 
the evening at the Excise Office with Fenwick, Evans, 13 Rutherford. 14 

[1761. August] 31. Monday. This morning S r Edward Blackett 
and Mr. Tulip went home. 

Supt with Captain Reed, Blackett, &c. at the Hen and Chickens. 15 

[1761.] September 1. Tuesday. Spittal Feast was yesterday. 

In the house most of the day : went to the Harrow to sup, but 
did not. 

[1761. September] 2. Wednesday. Captain Reed better of his 
•gravel. 

Club night, at the Harrow. 

This afternoon Captain Reed, Lieutenant Newton, Mr. Fenwick at 
my room. 

Miss Shell's 16 grandmother to be buried to morrow : Mrs. Forster 
(query). 

10 The inspecting officer expressed ' satisfaction at the exact manner in 
which they went through all the firings and evolutions, and at the behaviour 
■of the whole regiment.' Newcastle Journal, 5 Sept., 1761. 

11 George Delaval, eldest surviving son of Edward Shafto of Hexham, 
assumed the name of Delaval on succeeding to Little Bavington under the 
will of his maternal uncle, Admiral George Delaval (who died in 1723), he 
having purchased the same from the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates. 

12 Sir Edward Blackett of Matfen, bart., Colonel of the Northumber- 
land Militia. 

13 John Evans in 1759 adjutant of the Northumberland Militia, in 1762 
adjutant and quartermaster, died Sept. 29, 1778. 

14 Thomas Eutherford of Whitley in the parish of Tynemouth, ensign 
in the Northumberland Militia in 1759. 

15 The Hen and Chickens still survives as an old established licensed 
house in Bridge Street, Berwick. 

16 The Shells were an old Berwick family. 



283 

[1761. September] 3. Thursday. Captain Reed with me in the 
afternoon. At the Hen and Chickens with Captain Blackett, Mr. 
Adams, 17 Pratt, Adjutant and Mr. Ensign William Fenwick. 

N.B. Miss Jenny Bell's sister and Dr. Lauder. 

[1761.] September 4. Friday. Came from Berwick to Brunton: 
at Whittingham all night : Whittingham fair. Lay with Captain 
Watson in Crawford's regiment : he succeeded Lord Warkworth. 

[1761.] September 5. Saturday. From Whittingham I came to 
Rothbury and from thence to Cambo where I din'd ; from thence I 
came to Mr. Soulsbye's and so home. 

[1761. September] 6. Sunday. At Mr. Shaftoe's in the after- 
noon : old Mrs. Wilson, Mrs. Richardson and my sister 18 there. 

Tommy Reed very bad. 

[1761. September] 7. Monday. At home all day. This morning 
Captain Reed of Humshaugh was married to Miss Smith of the Wester- 
hall. 

[1761.] September 8. Tuesday. At home all day: Neddy Kell 
here. 

[1761. September] 9. Wednesday. At Haughton Castle seeing 
Captain Reed and his wife. 

Sergeant Hanson at Brunton, but lame. 

[1761. September] 10. Thursday. At Humshaugh in the after- 
noon. 

Sergeant Hanson began to trench in the afternoon. 

[1761. September] 11. Friday. Mr. Soulsbye, Mr. Richardson, 
and Mr. Teasdale White at Brunton : they are to dine at Dr. Smith's. 
It is George Smith's birthday. 

[1761. September] 12. Saturday. This morning Tommy Reed 
of Humshaugh died about 6 o'clock. 

Peggy Scott's churn-supper this evening. 

~1761.] September 13. Sunday. At home all day. 

1761. September] 14. Monday. Nichol Waugh here in the 
morning : promised to write to London about his son. Neddy Kell 
called. 

[1761. September] 15. Tuesday. This morning I was told by 
old Thomas Husband 19 that young Mr. Mewburn 20 (Mr. Mewburn of 

17 Edward Adams of Alnwick and of Acton, in the parish of Felton, 
eldest surviving son of Benjamin Adams of Long Houghton and Acton, born 
1733, a lieutenant in the Northumberland Militia in 1759, died in 1767, 
unmarried. 

18 Anne, daughter of Robert Dawson of Brunton and Wall, and sister 
of the Diarist, under her father's will took d£l,000 and a house. 

19 1771. Feb. 12. Thomas Husband, Brunton, buried. Registers of St. 
John Lee. 

20 ' On Sunday morning, died in Pilgrim Street, Mr. James Mewburn of 
Acomb, near Hexham, a promising young gentleman who is deservedly 
lamented by all his friends and acquaintance.' Newcastle Journal, 
19 Sept., 1761. He was son of Simon Mewburn of Acomb by Mary Tulip, 



284 

Aeomb's son) was dead at Newcastle, and that they were gone this 
morning to bring the corps from Newcastle. 

This afternoon Tommy Reed was buried at Simonburn. I went 
as far as Haughton fields and came home. 

Militia men — Dixon, Daglish, Anderson — at Brunton, about pro- 
longing their furlough. 

[1761.] September 16. Wednesday. Mr. Green and Dr. Hunter 
call'd ; they are going to Hatheridge 1 to dine. 

Went to make John Thomson's will ; he is a relation of Neddy 
Kell's ; he is now at the Herds-house. I think that he was not 
quite sensible. 

Invited to Mr. Mewburn 's funeral. 

[1761. September] 17. Thursday. This afternoon young Mr. 
Mewburn was buried at St. John Lee ; bearers, Soulsbye, Dr. Hunter, 
Mr. Brown, Dr. Jefferson, 2 young Mr. Lee and myself. He was 18 
years of age last Aprill. Mr. Soulsbye and Dr. Hunter went home 
together in the chaise. After the funeral stopt a while at Parson 
Stokoe's. Mrs. Mewburn in great concern about her son. 12 
scarfs ; Parson Stokoe, Parson Totton 3 there and also Mr. Errington 
of Warwick Grainge. 

George Sharp begun to paint the stair-case this day. 

[1761.] September 18. Friday. Sergeant Hanson went for Ber- 
wick this morning. 

Mr. Sergeant Webster call'd and also severall other soldiers. At 
home all day. 

1761. September 19 Saturday. Bellingham fair day. At home 
all day. 

[1761. September] 20. Sunday. This day Mr. Whitelock and 
his wife, formerly Mrs. Dryden (old Simon Dryden's widow), din'd 
at Brunton. At home all day. 

Paid Robin as a soldier for Friday sen'night. 

[1761. September] 21. Monday. At home all day. Mr. Richard- 
son sent to borrow horse, but could not lend it. 

[1761.] September 22. Tuesday. The King's Coronation this 
day. 

This day Mr. Richardson and wife went past Brunton for the 
south. 

his wife, which Simon was son of James Mewburn of Seaton Delaval, an 
agent or factor of the Delaval family, by his marriage with Jane, daughter 
and heiress of Simon Armstrong of Acomb. Cf. Mewburn pedigree, new 
History of Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 142. 

1 Hatherage, in the parish of Simonburn, is now parcel of the Chesters 
estate. 

3 Philip Jefferson of Hexham, surgeon, occurs in 1745 as a reputed 
papist. 

8 The Rev. William Totton of St. John's College, Cambridge, lecturer 
of Hexham from 1758 to 1766. He was perpetual curate of Edgeware,. 
Middlesex, from 1764 to his death, 24 Dec, 1787. 



285 

Mr. Shaftoe din'd here. 

Brunton windows illuminated and gave my neighbours a good 
drink. 

[1761. September] 23. Wednesday. At home all day. Nichol 
Waugh call'd in the evening. 

[1761. September] 24. Thursday. This morning I was told that 
Mr. Mayers 4 of Simonburn was buried last night. 

George Sharp still painting at Brunton. 

[1761. September] 25. Friday. Yesterday, I am told, was 
fought a grand battle between the Lady of the Wester-hall and the 
Lady of the Castle. The young lady threw a tankard of ale on the old 
lady's face. After much altercation the old lady thought proper to 
retreat. 

S r Lancelot Allgood call'd this morning to know if I had any 
memorandums among Mr. Tone's papers concerning the boundaries 
of Shitlington common, or Elingham-rig common. 

Mr. Green and Mr. Salmon call'd, going to Chipchase. 

Mr. Teasdale White and Captain Joe Reed at Brunton in the 
evening. 

[1761. September] 26. Saturday. Lady of Wester-hall din'd 
here. She gave me a particular account of the battle between her 
and the young Lady of the Castle. 5 She was in tears about her 
daughter's marriage with Captain Reed. 

Some of the militia men here; Craig of Allendale, &c. 

Nicholson here, Graham mending the leads. 

[1761.] September 27 Sunday. This afternoon young Tommy 
Stokoe and Kit Dickinson at Brunton, afterwards came Ensign Harry 
Fenwick on his road to Hexham from Berwick. 

Not at church. 

[1761. September] 28. Monday. At home all day. Some of the 
militia-men going to Berwick, as George Scott, &c. 

[1761. September] 29. Tuesday. At home all day. 

4 ' We hear from Alnwick that last week came on the election of a coroner 
for the county of Northumberland in the room of Mr. Mayers, deceased; 
when Dr. Scott of Stamfordham, was duly elected. Newcastle Journal, 
12 Dec, 1761 Mr. Thomas Mayers of Simonburn occurs in 1726 and 1739. 
He was probably father of Deborah, wife of John Mitford of Tyne Mills, 
Hexham. See new History of Northumberland, vol. iii., p. 298. 

5 ' The old lady ' was Mrs. Smith of Haughton Wester Hall : ' the young 
lady ' who got through her manners was, apparently, Anne, wife of William 
Smith of Haughton Castle, and daughter of Keenlyside. She was married 
in or before 1750 and died 5 Jan., 1789. Cf. Newcastle Courant, 10 Jan.. 
1789. 

The pedigree of the two lines of the family of Smith, proprietors, 
respectively, of Haughton Castle and Wester Hall, has not been worked out, 
but in the Registers of Simonburn the name constantly occurs. In the 
churchyard are some monumental inscriptions, none of which are earlier 
than the nineteenth century; the older burial place of the family being 
within the church, at the west end of the north aisle. Ex inf., Rev. E. Cull, 
rector of Simonburn. 



286 

[1761. September] 30. Wednesday. Mr. Reed called this morn- 
ing going to Hexham and then to dine at Parson Willson's. 

Surtees in my company, with his wife (she is a Berwick woman) 
at Brunt on this morning : he belongs to Hedley. 

Mr. and Mrs. Errington call'd this morning. 

El 761.] October 1. Thursday. At home all day. 
1761. October] 2. Friday. At home all day. Still reading the 
English grammar with Jack. 

[1761. October] 3. Saturday. This afternoon Jemmy Perrot's 
child at Codlaw Hill was buried. Peggy and Robin there. Rainy 
afternoon. 

[1761. October] 4. Sunday. Parson Stokoe din'd here, from St. 
Oswald. 

Accounts come of Peter Patterson to be hanged to-morrow or 
Tuesday. 

[1761. October] 5. Monday. At home all day. 

[1761. October] 6. Tuesday. Peter Patterson 6 was hanged yes- 
terday, at Morpeth on account of the riot which happened there about 
eight months ago. Peter Patterson was a leader of the mob. In 
this riot Mr. Fenwick of Bywell got his head broke. Nichol Waugh 
who came from Morpeth this morning gives the following account 
about Peter Patterson, viz. : — 

That he was with him on Sunday evening last when he was chear- 
ful. That yesterday morning he took his leave of Peter. That Peter 
died very penitent. That when he was hung up, the rope either 
slipt or broke and so he fell. That after he was recovered he was 
hung up a second time ; then cut down ; his head cut off ; his heart 
taken out and thrown into the fire ; then his four quarters were cut. 
across but not cut off. He is supposed to have died worth between 
three and four thousand pounds. That excepting an annuity to his 
wife, he has left all his fortune to his mistress. Mr. Brown of Kirk- 
harle is trustee for the woman and children. Nichol Waugh gave me- 
ttle above account at my own door at Brunton. Peter Patterson was- 
about 74 years of age. 

[1761. October] 7. Wednesday. Jack began to write and con- 
strue his Propria quae maribus this morning. 

1761. October 8. Thursday. Mary Johnson's night-wark or 
merry-meeting this night. 

[1761. October] 9. Friday. Jack Nicholson here. Went to 
Humshaugh in the afternoon . 

[1761.] October 10. Saturday. At home all day. Renewing 
furloughs. 

6 ' On Wednesday an express arrived from the Secretary of State's 
office importing that it was His Majesty's pleasure that the sentence against 
William Alder for high treason should be delayed being in execution, 
but that the law must take its place on Peter Patterson the other convict.' 
Newcastle Journal, 3 Oct., 1761. 

'He behaved penitently but did not think the crime he suffered for 
worthy of death.' Ibid., 10 Oct., 1761. 



287 

[1761. October] 11. Sunday. At the chapel. 

This morning Mally Charlton of Codlaw-hill 7 died. See Septem- 
ber [query October] 3rd when her grandchild was buried. 

Jack Brown, &c. here. 

[1761. October] 12. Monday. At home all day. 

[1761. October] 13. Tuesday. Mr. William Charlton from Lon- 
don dined with me. Mr. and Mrs. Shaftoe here in the afternoon. 

Mr. Pitt, Secretary of State, has resigned his employments. 

Mally Charlton of Codlaw-hill was buried this afternoon. 

[1761.] October 14. Wednesday. At home all day. 
1761. October] 15. Thursday. At home all day. I neither 
can nor will. 

Some of the Chief's 8 tenants here in the evening, viz., Bill Coul- 
son, &c. ; they complain greatly about their articles of contract. 

[1761. October] 16. Friday. Mrs. Archer, with Lee of Bingfield r 
here in the afternoon, on account of Mrs. Archer's thirds or dower. 
At home all day. 

"1761. October] 17. Saturday. At Humshaugh in the afternoon. 

1761. October] 18. Sunday. Not at church. At home all day. 

1761.] October 19. Monday. Mrs. Shaftoe drank tea here and 
Mr. Wear. 

Mr. Armstrong, 9 attorney, called to let me know that I was 
appointed arbitrator between Mary Lee of Acomb and her daughter- 
in-law. 

Tom Scott here ; he went to Chipchase, and called again to let me- 
know that Mr. Reed would not renew his furlough. 

1761. October] 20. Tuesday. At home all day. 

1761. October" 21. Wednesday. At home all day. 

1761. October] 22. Thursday. Ned Taylor here this morning; 
gave him an order upon. Widdrington 10 for Mrs. Dawson's stays.. 
Paid him for Polly Tone's stays. See Parson Willson's account. 

[1761.] October 23. Friday. Mr. Ensign Fenwick dined here.. 
N.B. 201. 

[1761. October] 24. Saturday. Nichol Waugh here : directions to- 
his son, ' George Waugh to the care of Mr. Jasper Hall, 11 merchant,. 

7 1761. Oct. 13. Mary, wife of Eannell Charrilton, Codlaw-hill, 
buried. St. John Lee Registers. 

8 The ' chief of Beaufront,' as Mr. Errington was locally termed. 

9 Francis Armstrong of Hexham, attorney, married at Hexham,. 
19 July, 1758, Jane Maughan of the chapelry of Haydon, by whom he had 
issue. ' Tuesday, died in an advanced age at Hexham, Mr. Francis Arm- 
strong, father to Mr. Francis Armstrong, attorney there.' Newcastle 
Courant, 19 April, 1766. 

10 For a very readable account of 'John Widdrington of the Old Bank,' 
see Arch. Ael., 2 ser., vol. x., p. 138. 

11 Jasper Hall was, apparently, a local man settled in Jamaica. Mr. 
Jasper Hall of Colwell in the parish of Chollerton was one of the three 
commissioners appointed, 14 May, 1716, to carry into effect the division of 
the townfields of Barrasford. Cf. new History of Northumberland , vol. iv.,. 
p. 317. 



288 

4tt Kingston in Jamaica.' 2 letters. Mr. Charlton to take care of 
them. 

[1761. October] 25. Sunday. Not at church. 

Widow Led of Newbrough and her brother Newton at Brunton 
in the afternoon, to acquaint me with the dispute between her and 
her mother, Mary Lee of Acomb. 

[1761. October] 26. Monday. At home all day. Mrs. Smith of 
Wester-hall here in the afternoon. 

[1761. October] 27. Tuesday. At home all day. Mr. Soulsbye 
and Willy Potts call'd. 

[1761.] October 28. Wednesday. This is my birthday. This 
day I am 35 years af age. I came of age on the 17th of October 
(old stile) in the year 1747. 

Mr. Soulsbye, Dr. Smith, Mr. Green, Dr. Hunter, Mr. Teasdale 
White and Mr. Robert Wear dined at Brunton : they went away 
about 5 o'clock. 

Received a letter from our adjutant wherein he says that S r 
Edward Blackett desires I will return to Berwick. 

Foulden fair near Berwick is this day. 

[1761. October] 29. Thursday. This morning Jack went a hunt- 
ing. At home all day. 

[1761. October] 30. Friday. Din'd at Hexham this day. Spoke 
to Mr. Lowes about Dixon's cash; he says he will allow it to him. 
N.B. I am bound for Routledge to Dixon of Darwent. (Marginal note, 
I sent the cash myself.) Came home in the evening. 

~1761.] October 31. Saturday. At home all day. 
1761.] November 1. Sunday. At St. Oswald ohappel. Parson 
Stokoe din'd at Brunton. 

[1761. November] 2. Monday. Robin Hymers and Jack Bewick 
are gone to Highfield this morning. Jack's 20Z. This morning 
Mr. Reed and Mr. Stoddart 12 called ; they are going to Hexham. 

[1761. November] 3. Tuesday. Robin came from Highfield: he 
brought 10/. Is. Od. 

Tommy Oliver called in the afternoon ; also one of Mrs. Rob- 
law's 13 daughters about her brother's effects. 

Mr. Wastell 14 desires me to dine wit]i him to morrow. 

[1761. November] 4. Wednesday. At home all day. Mr. Mew- 
burn with me in the afternoon ; he brought me Livy's ' History.' See 
13th May. 

[1761.] November 5. Thursday. Gunpowder Plot. At home 
all day. 

[1761. November] 6. Friday. Frank Dawson called. He offered 

12 The Rev. Charles Stoddart, vicar of Chollerton from 1733 to his 
death in the month of June, 1790. 

" The Rev. William Robley occurs in 1715 as curate of Simonburn 
(see Simonburn Registers). 

14 The Rev. Henry Wastell, rector of Simonburn, where he died 1 March, 
1771, aged 82, leaving issue. 



1761. November 
1761. November 

16 



289 

me 51. by way of satisfaction on account of my shop, but I refused 
it. 

Mr. Smith of the Castle 15 came when I was at dinner, but he, 
honest man, was drunk. 

[1761. November] 7. Saturday. At home all day. 

[1761. November] 8. Sunday. At home all day. Bill Robson's 
wife here, wanting me to renew her husband's furlough ; but could 
not : she went to Chipchase. 

"1761. November] 9. Monday. Hexham fair: ox, quy-calf sold. 
"10. Tuesday. At home all day. 

11. Wednesday The ox killed this morn- 
ing." 

[1761.] November 12. Thursday. Received a letter from S r 
Edward Blackett, desiring me to go to Berwick, and go I must, 
greatly against my inclination. See the 8th of March when I first 
grew tired. 

1761. Nov. 13. Friday. This morning I left Brunton to go for 
Berwick. 10 weeks this day since I left Berwick. See Sept. 4. 
Got to Cambo about two o'clock, from thence to Rothbury, where I 
staid all night. 

[1761. November] 14. Saturday. From Rothbury I came to 
Whittingham where I din'd with Mr. and Mrs. Walker (she was 
Parson Nixon's daughter) ; they are going to Haltwistle. My land- 
lord, Scott, assured me that the person who appear' d as Captain 

15 Mr. William Smith of Haughton Castle, mentioned in the text, was 
probably the father of William Smith, proprietor of Haughton Castle, 
who erected in 1788 a paper-mill ' drove by the never failing and powerful 
stream of North Tyne with a good supply of excellent washing water, 
containing three engines, two white and one brown vatt with every other 
convenience for carrying on an extensive and profitable paper trade ; a good 
connection having been formed ' (advertisement in Newcastle papers of 
May, 1796). This was the mill, as is alleged, where the paper was made for 
the forged French Assignats, the printing being done elsewhere. The foreman 
of the mill at the time was named Magnay, whose son, Christopher Magnay 
of London, citizen and stationer, was alderman of Vintry Ward in 1811, 
and Sheriff of London, 1814. The subject is discussed in Notes and 
Queries, second series, vol. vi., p. 255, and is related more at length by the 
Rev. G. R. Hall, in the History of the Berwickshire Naturalists Club, 
vol. xi., pp. 153-155. 

16 Up to the nineteenth century almost every house killed a bullock or 
shared in a bullock at Martinmas, locally called a mart, which provided the 
household with salted meat throughout the winter months. Hence the 
attraction of plum-puddings, dumplings, etc. to our ancestors, who found 
them anti-scorbutic. The general cultivation of the swede turnip, and 
winter feeding, have done away with the need of such things. When the 
mart was killed, from the blood were made black-puddings, and from the 
tallow, candles. 

' And Martinmas beef doth bear good tack 
When countrie folks do dainties lack.' 

Cf. ' Morpeth Social Customs, now Obsolete,' by William Woodman, 
History of the Berwickshire Naturalists Club, vol. xiv., p. 128. 

19 



290 

Watson, 17 and was my bedfellow, is the same that is now confined 
in Newcastle goal for stealing silver spoons. It now appears that 
he was formerly a collier at Shilbottle. Staid there all night on 
account of the rains. 

[1761.] November 15. Sunday. Came from thence with Mr. 
Howey 18 of Wooller Haugh-head, who guided us through Breamish 
river and Aller-burn, which were very deep and the fords quite broke 
up; got to Wooller Haugh-head about 11 o'clock, and obliged to 
stay there all day on account of the rains, and the river Till which 
overspread the haughs, so there was no getting to Dorrington- 
bridge. 19 Heavy rains all day. 

[1761. November] 16. Monday. At Wooller Haugh-head all 
night. The weather is still very bad. The barber who shaved me 
says that the fields below Wooller are one continued sheet of water 
for a mile in length, and that such a flood has not been known for 
many years. 

[1761.] November 17. Tuesday. This morning I came from 
Wooller Haugh-head. Mrs. Morton's 20 servant conducted me 
through the waters to Dorrington-bridge : got to Berwick about 3 
o'clock. 

N.B. Dr. Doubleday's housekeeper is gone off, with child; the 
doctor is a Quaker. Sad work among the housekeepers at Berwick 
lately. 

This evening Mr. Sergeant M'Clean called upon me to certify for 
his conduct ; he is in hopes of being preferred in the army. 

[1761.] November 18. Wednesday. Mr. Gibson called in the 

17 'On Wednesday, Thomas Watson, who says he is a captain in the 
Eoyal Volunteers, and appeared in the uniform of that regiment, was 
detected here in offering to sell some silver table spoons at Mr. Langlands,' 
goldsmith; and on examination before the Right Worshipful Aubone 
Surtees, esq., mayor, not being able to give a satisfactory account of 
himself, but on the contrary clear proof being given that the spoons were 
stolen ones, he was directly ordered to Newgate.' Newcastle Journal, 
17 Oct., 1761. 

18 The Howeys were the great carriers between Newcastle and Edin- 
burgh, and rented and carried on the inn at Wooler Haugh-head for the 
convenience of their carrying business. See Six North Country Diaries, 
p. 265n. 

19 ' Dorrington ' was, and to some extent is still, the popular name of 
Doddington near Wooler and a chapelry of the ancient parish of Chatton. 
There is a Northumbrian pipe-tune associated with the place. When 
Will Allen, the noted pipe^ was on his death-bed he was exhorted by 
pious neighbours to repent him of his sins. ' Pshaw !' quoth he, ' hand me 
my pipes and I'll gie ye "Dorrington Lads Yet."' Cf. Denham Tracts, 
ed. Hardy, vol. i., p. 272. 

20 ' In the churchyard at Doddington there are still several handsome 
tombstones of the family of Morton, who farmed at Doddington under the 
Earl of Tankerville. The last representative of the family attained great 
wealth as a land agent in the county of Durham, and purchased Yeavering, 
Twizell in Bamburghshire, etc 



291 

morning: Mr. Wood at my room in the afternoon. We spent the 
evening together at the Red Lion. 

[1761. November] 19. Thursday. Captain Watson came to 
town last night. Wrote to Mr. Davidson, Mr. Green and to Peggy 
White. 

[1761.] November 20. Friday. Last Wednesday, at the Red 
Lion, Mr. Wood told me about Sergeant Storey running off to Eden- 
burgh without leave and also about his cheating Isaac Brown, the 
attorney, of his watch. Rippath spoke as to his pawning the watch 
with his drawer for 40s. 

In the house most of the day. 

[1761. November] 21. Saturday. In the house till the evening, 
then went with Mr. Rumney to sup with Mr. Thomas Wood : his 
brother Mr. William Wood 1 and Dr. Doubleday there. N.B. A 
genteel young fellow and married one of the finest women in their 
country; no wonder his son, &c. 

[1761.] November 22. Sunday. Not at church. Still very bad 
weather. 

S r Matthew White, and Captain Hall came up this evening, also 
Mr. Newton. S r Matthew has ordered Sergeant Storey to be arrested 
at Eden burgh. 

[1761.] November 23. Monday. In the afternoon went to Mr. 
Humphrey's at Tweedmouth : had three books with me, viz. Taylor's 
'Life of our Saviour,' Clarke's ' Corderius Colloquies,' and also his 
Introduction to making of Latin. I find from Mr. Rumney 's con- 
versation that my son Jack follows the very method of Mr. Rumney's 
scholars as to the preter-perfect tense and supines of which he was 
master some time ago. 

S1761. November] 24. Tuesday. In the house most of the day. 
1761. November] 25. Wednesday. By a letter from Mr. Green 
this morning I learn that Mr. Roberts has got the gout in his 
stomach ; that the bridge to Ridley-hall and also that of Glenwhelp, 2 
in the Military road, were taken away by the floods which happened 
on Thursday last. Mr. Reed, according to Mr. Green's letter, is to 
set out on this day for Berwick. 

I spoke to Mr. William Fenwick 3 on account of Jemmy Kell who 
has staid about 8 days longer than the last prolongation of his 
furlough. Jemmy brought me the magazines. Sergeant Chesters 

1 Thomas Wood of Beadnell, diei 1766, and his brother, William Wood, 
of Presson, near Cornhill. The latter married, 1744, Miss Elizabeth 
Robertson, and died 1778, leaving issue. 

2 ' Last week the bridge at Glenwelt, on the Military Road, and confines 
of Northumberland, was broke down and swept away by the rivulet there, 
which had been raised to a most amazing height by the late rains. The 
bridge across the Tyne near Ridley-hall was also carried away.' Newcastle 
Journal, 28 Nov., 1761. 

3 William Fenwick of Alnwick, ensign in Northumberland Militia in 
1759. 



292 

applied to me on account of Hanson's wife : striking his wife this 
night. Chester's son Frost informed me of it. 

[1761. November] 26. Thursday. At home all day. This 
evening Captain Reed came to town. 

[1761. November] 27. Friday. Parties sent out in search of 
Emerson. 

[1761. November] 28. Saturday. Captain Reed with me, and 
read & Lancelot Allgood's letter about Ralf Hutchinson's gun, which 
Captain Reed had taken from him. Mr. Reynard Gibson goes home 
to morrow morning. 

[1761.] November 29. Sunday. Rainy day. Mr. Gibson goes 
home this day. 

[1761. November] 30. Monday. Captain Reed taken ill of the 
gravel this morning. 

[1761.] December 1. Tuesday. Called upon Captain Reed this 
morning : Captain Watson there. At the Harrow in the evening. 

[1761. December] 2. Wednesday. At the Spittal in the after- 
noon. N.B. Miss Shell laid upon her back at Edenburgh when her 
teeth drawn. 

[1761. December] 3. Thursday. Sergeant Storey came a pris- 
oner to Berwick this day. 

At the Harrow in the evening. N.B. Mr. Temple and Mr. 
Alder's misfortunes. 

[1761. December] 4. Friday. Captain Blackett, and Mr. Adams 
came to-night. 

At the Harrow till 12 o'clock. 

[1761. December] 5. Saturday. At the Harrow in the evening. 

[1761.] December 6. Sunday. Not at church. 

At the Harrow in the evening : supt alone. 

Conversation with Mistress Nixon about Mr. Temple's affairs ; 
sad work ! 

[1761.] December 7. Monday. Sergeant Storey tried by a court 
martial for absence without leave. Sergeant Storey is reduced to 
serve in the ranks. 

Cornwall 4 fair to-day. 

At the Harrow in the evening. 

[1761. December] 8. Tuesday. Took a turn upon the ramparts. 
In the house most of the day. 

[1761. December] 9. Wednesday. This morning I got a letter 
from Mr. Fenwick wherein he says that he can't return to Berwick 
as yet. He says also that old Mr. Roberts died yesterday morning. 

'Sergeant Hanson wants to go to Hull to bring his child to Berwick. 

[1761.] December 10. Thursday. In the house most of the day. 
At the Harrow in the evening. N.B. Cards. Reed and Blackett. 

[1761. December] 11. Friday. Went to Tweedmouth in the 
afternoon. In the evening at the Harrow. 

'i.e., Cornhill-on-Tweed in the parish of Norham. 



293 

[1761. December] 12. Saturday. Came from the Harrow this 
morning about 3 o'clock. 

At the Harrow in the evening. 

[1761. December] 13. Sunday. Supt with Mr. Rumney; Dr. 
Doubleday, Mr. Wood and Mr. Boran 5 present. 

[1761. December] 14. Monday. Came from Berwick this morn- 
ing about 10 o'clock. Got to Wooller Haugh-head about half an 
hour after two. 

[1761.] December 15. Tuesday. From Wooller Haugh-head 
came to Eothbury. 

[1761. December] 16. Wednesday. From Rothbury to Halling- 
ton ; dined there : Mr. Soulsbye not at home : Mr. Teasdale White, 
Ralf Smith there. Got home at night. 

Jack begun his Cordery this night. See 25th. 

[1761. December] 17. Thursday. Mr. Soulsbye called, going to 
Parson Stokoe's. 

[1761. December] 18. Friday. Mr. Soulsbye and wife, Miss 
Smith, Master and Miss Soulsbye din'd here. Green, Hunter, 
Surtees called. 

[1761. December] 19. Saturday. At home all day. School 
broke up. 

[1761. December] 20. Sunday. Mr. Green called. Gave him 
281. 10s. to pay for me. Mr. Fenwick, Wester-hall, Neddy Elliot 6 
with Mr. Smith's tenants about the dame of Humshaugh. 

[1761. December] 21. Monday. At home all day. 

[1761. December] 22. Tuesday. William Shaftoe, George White 
here. Peggy White at Hexham. 

[1761. December] 23. Wednesday. Nichol Waugh here. Mr. 
Wear here. Peter Smith here. 

[1761. December] 24. Thursday. Jack Davidson here. Jack 
Hubbuck here. 

[1761. December] 25. Friday, Christmas Day. Jack begun Cor- 
dery, on Wednesday sen 'night. 

At the Bridge-end this morning. 

[1761. December] 26. Saturday. Mr. Soulsbye called. Mr. Green, 
two Mr. Hunters here. 

[1761.] December 27. Sunday. At home all day. 

[1761. December] 28. Monday. At home all day. 

5 Robert Baron, of Alnwick, successively lieutenant, captain and adju- 
tant of the Northumberland Militia, married at Bishop Middleham, July 
5, 1768, Mary, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Heron-Middleton, of 
Bowlby, North Riding of Yorkshire, fifth and last baronet of the Chipchase 
family. He was buried at Alnwick, 27 Oct., 1789. See new History of 
Northumberland, vol. iv., p. 342. 

•Edward Elliot of Haughton Strother, eldest son of Robert Elliot of 
the same place, was possessed of some small property at Barrasford : 
dying unmarried he was succeeded by his brother, Robert, one of whose 
granddaughters and co-heiresses, Mary Ann Elliot, married John Rawling 
Wilson, landing surveyor in H.M. Customs, Newcastle. 



294 

[1761. December] 29. Tuesday. Matthew Brown here : received 8 
pounds. Received a letter from Mr. Adams. 

[1761. December] 30. Wednesday. At home all day. 
[1761. December] 31. Thursday. Jack hunting in Chollerton 
fields with Mr. Tulip's dogs. 

Mr. Green and Dr. Hunter called. They say that Spain has 
declared war against England. 

Here I finish this journal begun the 8th of March last past. My 
fingers still very weak. 

John Dawson, 

Brunton, 

December 31st, 1761. 



295 



INDEX TO PLACES. 



A 

Alanus, 222 

Aberdeen, 40, 42 

Acomb, 259, 264, 279, 283, 284, 286, 
288 

Acton, 263, 283 

Ailsa Craig, 41 

Aykley-heads, 85, 89 

Alia Classica, 242 

Allan(dale), 238, 285 

Allanheads, 211 

Allerburn, 290 

Allerdean, 257 

Allerston in Pickering, 7, 49 

Aln, river, 223 

Alnwick, 20, 21, 49, 215, 222, 223, 
234, 254, 262, 270, 271, 273, 278, 
279, 285, 291, 293; castle, 20, 222, 
223; school, 262, 278; abbey, 
184, 187, 222 

Alone, 211 

Alston, 210, 211, 212; markets, 
211 

Alvenley, 139 

Alwinton, 258 

Amboglanna, 213 

Ancroft, 257 

Ancrum, 228 

Anick, 259, 264 

Anstruther, 266 

Antigua, 160 

Antwerp, 24 

Apiato, 211 

Apperley, 189 

Appleby, 262 

Appleton, 202 

* Apthomas/ 25, 49 

Archdeacon Newton, 8, 49 

Ardbraccan, Co. Meath, 200 

Arden, Cheshire, 139 

Ardley, 259 

Armathwaite, 142 

Arran, Isle of, 41 

Aske, 206 

Athens, 167 

Atherton, 8 

Auckland (Bishop, St. Andrew, 
St. Helen, West), 8, 9, 10, 12, 
13, 49, 92, 115, 123, 128, 159, 
183, 194, 205, 206, 207, 208 



Aycliffe, 125, 168, 177 

Ayr, 40, 43. 44, 49 

Ayton, Berwickshire, 25, 49, 214 

Axwell, 240 

B 

Backworth, 241 

Ballymena, 46 

Bamburgh, 152, 157, 256, 272 

Banff, 40 

Barford, 203 

Barnard Castle, 95, 97, 118, 158, 
203, 282 

Barrasford. 286, 293 

Bass Rock, 26 

Bath, 2, 198; Guild-hall, 198; 
Prior Park, 194, 196, 198 

Battlewood, 228 

Bavington, 107, 177, 264, 274, 280, 
282 

Beadneli, 273, 291 

Beal, 259 

Bearpark, 109, 126 

Beaufront, 235 286; Wood-head, 
258 

' Becherfield/ 225 

Beechburn, 208 

Belford, 21, 49, 260, 261, 262, 270, 
272, 273, 281 

Belle-isle, 270, 274 

Bellingham, 92, 121, 223, 225, 230, 
231, 232, 258, 259, 272, 284 

Bellister, 274 

'Belset/ 203 

Benton, 182, 187, 241 

Bergen, 24 

Bernicia, 217, 225, 242 

Bermore Head, 48 

Berwick, 23 24-25, 26, 49, 113, 
138, 168, 173, 182, 213, 214, 215, 
216, 244, 254-263, 267, 269-272, 
276, 277-281, 284, 285, 288, 289, 
290-293; castle, 25, 216; church, 
216; bridge, 16, 24; grammar 
school, 262, 279; town hall, 216; 
Red Lion, 271, 291; Harrow, 
257, 258, 259, 263, 269, 270, 271, 
272, 278, 280, 282, 292. 193; 
Hen and Chickens, 282, 283 

Berwickshire. 213. 266 



296 



Bewcastle, 211, 231 

Bickerton, 225 

Biddic, 109 

Billyhall, 205 

Binchester, 12, 205-208 

Bingfield, 180, 264, 286 

Birdhopecraig, 225 

Birdoswald, 213 

Birkenhead, 2 

Birtley, parish of Chollerton, 231, 

259, 275 
Bishopric (of Durham), 202, 239, 

245 
Bishop Auckland (see Auckland) 
Bishop Middleham, 293 
Bishopthorpe, 3 

Bitchburn, 97, 167 (see Beechburn) 
Blackburn, 211 
Blakehope, 227 
Blakelaw, 259 
Blagdon, 238, 261 
Blencowe, 88, 89 
Blenkinsop, 212; castle, 212 
Bois-le-duc, 24 
Bolam, 187 
Boldon, 131 248 
Bolland, 189 

Bollyhope (Bolihope), 209 
Bonhill, 37 

Bordeaux wine trade, 43 
Borough bridge, 20 
Bowes, 262 
Bowlby, 293 
Bowmont river, 215, 220 
Boyne, battle of, 181 
Bradley, 80. 179, 207, 208 
Brampton, 211, 213, 231, 253 
Brancepeth, 56, 68, 106, 135, 158, 

168, 179 
Brandon, 122, 220. 221 
Branton, 221 
Brant Broughton. 193 
Branxton, 218, 219, 278 
Brasside, near Durham, 77 
Breamish, river, 221 
Bremenium, 228, 229 
Brenkley, 180 
Brereton, 1 
Bridgewater, 2 
Bridport, 208 
Bridy's Crags, 275 
Brigford, 231 
Brinkburn, 226 
Bristol, 160, 193 
Broadway, Co. Carmarthen, 186 
Broadstrother, 263 
Broomley, 238, 259 
Brooms, 69, 122, 151 
Brough-hall, 201 



Brougham, 211 
Broughton, 258 
Broxmouth, 26 
Brunton, parish of St. John Lee, 

253, 264-268, 273-277, 2S0 289, 

293-294 
Buchan, 40 
Burnbeck, 212 
Burnhope, 210 
'Burstwick,' 258 
Burtonside, 259 
Burtreeford, 210 
Buteland, 231 
Butsford, 112 
Butterby, 262 
Byrness in Redesdale, 225 
By well, 79, 96, 265, 286 



Callalev, 225. 240 

Cambol 277, 283, 289 

Cambridge, 52 

Cambshaugh, 259 

Cambus, Old, 25 

Cannock, 45 

Canny Wood-side, 137 

Capheaton, 231 

Carham, 214, 215, 220 

Carlbury, 203 

Carleton, 19 

Carlisle, 19, 43, 231, 232, 244, 245, 

262 
Carlingwark, 45 
Carolina, 228 

Carrick, Cave of, 38, 44, fO 
Carrick-fergus, 1, 48, 50 
Carvorran, 211, 212 
Carrycoats, 180, 265, 273 
Carts, 273 
Cassop, 116, 172 
Castle-Douglas, 45 
Castri JEstiva, 208 
Cateractonium, 201 
Catcleugh in Redesdale, 257 
Caterhouse, near Durham, 74, 88, 

94, 96, 110, 125 155, 164 
Catterick Bridge, 8, 201, 202 
Causeway-end, 45 
Cawsey-park, 270 
Cervi Insula, 250 
Cessford Castle, 215 
Cilurnum, 232, 234 
Chapel, near Stranraer, 45, 50 
Charleville, Ireland, 200 
Charlton, 207, 271 
Cheadle, 1, 2 
Cheeseburn Grange, 114, 184, 188, 

189 
Cheshire. 1. 12 



297 



Chester on the Dee, 1, 2, 12, 24, 

43, 174 
Chester-le-Street, 15, 20, 49, 72, 

92, 115, 121, 152, 169, 173, 179, 

185, 245 
Chesters, Northumberland, 232, 

234 
Chester, or Ancrum, 228, 274, 284 
Cheviot, 220, 227 
Cheswick, 272 
Chevychase, 221, 227 
Chillingham, 157, 167, 222 
Chipchase, 92, 232, 254, 259, 265, 

274, 285, 286, 293 
Chirton, 270 
Chollerton, 231, 232, 265, 267, 273, 

276, 288, 294 
Chollerton Bridge-end inn, 264, 

265, 266, 268, 276, 277, 293 
Clanyboys, 46 
Claverton, near Bath, 198 
Cleadon, 238, 247 
Cleveland-hills, 251 
Coastley, 259 
Cockburnspath, 25 
Cocken, 126, 179, 246 
Cockermouth, 93 
Cockfield, Suffolk, 89 
Cocklaw Tower, 276 
Codlaw-hill, 268, 286, 287 
Coldingham, 25, 213 
Coldstream, 214 
Colchester, Essex, 17 
Colechester, Northumberland, 235, 

236 
Coleraine, 48 
Colwell, 286 
Coniscliffe, 203 

Constantinople, St. Sophia, 11, 12 
Cope Castle, 5 
Coquet river, 223, 224 
Corbridge, 212, 226, 228, 232, 235, 

236, 259, 261 
Coria Ottadenorum, 228 
'Cornbury,' 203 
Cornhill, parish of Norham, 214, 

218, 219, 257, 273, 292; well, 

218 
Cork, 181 

Corstopitum, 228, 235, 239 
Coxhoe, 89 
Crae, 45 
Crailing, 215 
Craster, 273 
Crawley, 221 
Crayke, 51, 52 
Cronkelton, 259 
Cronkley, 259 
Crookgate, 259 



Crook-hall, 168 
Crossfell, 211 
Croxdale, 142 
Croydon, 1 

Culzean in Ayrshire, 44 
Cumberland, 210-211 
Cunningham, 38 
'Cunscley/ 203 
'Cuntellen,' 38 
Curraghmore, 242 



Dagenham, Essex, 185 

Dala Castle (Dalley, Delaly), 230 

Dale, Cumberland, 118 

Darlington, 137, 201, 202, 203 

Dartmouth, 189 

Deira, 242 

Delicate-hall, 259 

Denisesburn, 235 

Denton, 1, 19 

Deptford, 208 

Derwent river, 238, 288 

Devil's Water, 235 

Dilston, 186, 235 

Dinsdale, 166 

Dipton, 238 

Doddington parish of Chatton, 
290 

Doddington, Lincolnshire, 242 

' Dorrington/ 290 

Douglas Castle, 45 

Doune bridge, 40 

Doxford, 281 

Dryburn, 97, 167, 216 

Dublin, 43, 106, 197, 199, 200; 
Trinity College, 197; St. Nicho- 
las, 197; Donabate, 197; Swords, 
197 

Dukesfield, 238, 267 

Dumbarton, 37, 40 

Dumfries, 40 

Dunbar, 26, 27, 40, 43, 46, 49 

Dundee, 40 

Dunfermline, 36 

Dunglas, 25, 45, 213 

Dunham Massey, 1 

Dunifell, 211 

Dunsky castle and chapel, 46 

Dunston, 183 

Dunum Estuarium, 250 

Durham, 12, 14, 15, 20, 49, 51, 54- 
175, 179, 180. 193-198, 207, 262; 
cathedral, 12, 14, 15; castle, 
12, 14; college, 195; gaol and 
gaoler, 20. 51, 110, 116, 117, 122, 
149, 152, 153; Old, 97, 109, 142, 
150; county, 201-210, 245-250 

Dyons, Dyance, 113, 203 



298 



E 



Eachwick, 190 

Easby, 201 

Easington in Bamburghshire, 73 

Easington, Co. Durham, 128, 129, 
157, 189 

Ebchester, 239 

Eccles, 214, 255, 266 

Eden, Co. Durham, 133, 249 

' Eden ' (Ayton), Berwickshire, 214 
.Edgeware, 284 

Edinburgh, in the year 1635, 27- 
36; 39, 40, 41, 182, 192, 257, 261, 
266, 267, 290, 291, 292; castle, 
29; Holyrood, 29, 36; Greyfriars 
and other churches, 31-35, 257 ; 
College, 34, 35, 41; Parliament 
House, 28; lucken-booths, 29, 
30; Heriot's Hospital, 31; Tol- 
booth, 27, 31, 33; High Street, 
29 

Edlingham Castle, 223 

Egglescliffe, 125 

Eggleston, 205 

Elgin, 40, 200 

Elinghamrig Common, 285 

Elishaw, 227 

Ellenthorpe, 7, 8, 49 

Ellingham, 271 

Elsdon, 109, 220, 223, 225, 226, 
227, 229, 277; rectory house, 
225-6; mote-hills, 226 

Elswick, 184 

Elton, 180 

Eltringham, 238 

Elwick, Co.' Durham, 128 

Elyshaw, see Elishaw 

Embleton, 183 

Enfield, 240 

Enniscoffey, 8 

Enniscorthy, 8 

Eppleton, 85, 92, 93, 114 

Esh, 76, 144 

Esher, 160 

Eskdale, 11 

Eslington, 222 

Etal, 218 269, 270 

Eton, 128 

Evenwood, 135, 206 

Exmouth, 189 

Eye, river, 214 

Eyemouth, 214 



F 



Fairhead, Co. Waterford, 48 
Falkirk, 7, 36,^37, 50 
Fallowfield, 261, 273, 274 



Falstone, 231 

Fangfoss, 157 

Faversham, 187 

Fawside, 92, 161 

Fame Islands, 22, 273 

Featherston. 211 

Featherstonhaugh, 211 

Felling, 184 

Felton, 181 

Fenham in Islandshire, 21, 22, 49 

Fens, 246 

Fenton, 206 

Finchale abbey, 246 

Finedon, 196 

Fileburn, 211 

Fladbury, 198 

Flass, 88, 89, 174, 263 

Flodden-field, 218, 219, 221 

Forcet, 109, 138, 142, 155 

Ford, Northumberland, 218, 219, 

242; Co. Durham, 252 
Forth river, 36, 217 
Fotherley, 259 
Foulden, Berwickshire, 28S 
Fourstones, 259 
Foxton, 123 
Frisby, 193 
Frosterlv, 205, 209 
Fulthorpe, 83 



G 



Gainford, 113, 203 

Galloway, 45 

Garrigill, 55, 136 

Gateshead, 85, 106, 118, 173, 245, 

259, 273 
Gaunless river, 203 
Gawthorp, 109 
Gelderdale burn, 211 
Gelston, 45 
Gibside, 8, 12, 105, 126, 174, 185, 

206, 239-240 
Gilling, 181 

Glasgow in 1635, 39-41; 1, 49 
Glastonbury, 2 
Glen, river ] 220 
Glenwhelt, 212, 291 
Gloucester, 2, 193, 194, 196 
Goldsborough, 7 
Gosforth, 241 
Graham's Wall, 37 
Graveline, 24 
Greasley, 193 
Greenchesters, 227, 228 
Greencroft, 177 
Greenhead, 212 
Greenwell-ford, 180 
Greenwich. 10 



299 



Greyfort, Tipperary, 240 
Grindon, 109, 272 
Guisborough, 249, 251, 252 
Gunnerton, 259 
Gunsgreen, 173 
*Gunsley/ 203 



Habinancum, 229 

Hackness, 5 

Haddington, 40 

Haggerston, 271 

Hagg-house, 152 

Halidon, 214 

Hallington, 234, 265, 273, 277, 

281, 293 
Halliwell. chapelry of Earsdon, 

168 
Halton, 237, 264 
Haltwhistle, 209, 212, 231, 263, 

289 
Halyards, 214 
Hampton, 198 
Hamsterly ' Castles/ 208 
Handforth, Cheshire, 1, 2, 13, 38, 

45, 49 
Hanwell, Oxfordshire, 5 
Harber-house, near Durham, 119 
Hardwick, 92 
Hargill, 208 
Harle, Little, 274. See Kirk- 

harle 
Harlow-hill, 259 
Harram, near TJshaw, 105, 169 
Hartburn, 272 

Hartlepool, 202, 245, 249-250 
Harley, 242 
Hatherage, 277, 284 
Hatherwick, 229 
Haughhead. See Wooler Haugh- 

head 
Haughton Castle, 253, 264, 277, 

283, 284, 285. 289, account of 

paper mills, 289 
Haughton Wester-hall, 264 265, 

281, 283, 285, 288, 293 
Haughton-le-Skerne, 139 
Haughton Strother, 293 
Hawkwell, 259, 267 
Hawthorn, 189 
Haydon, 274 
Healey, 259 
Heaton, 257, 261 
Hebburn, Co. Durham, 86 
Heckley, 8 

Heddon-on-the-Wall, 190, 275 
Heddon, Black, 186 
Hedley, 166 



Hedgeley Moor, 221 

Hefenfeld, Heavenfield, 234, 235 

Heighington, 122 

Helagh-park, 251 

* Hemleton-row/ 147 

' Hempsidef ord/ 219 

Henknoll, 205 

'Heorfte,' 250 

'Heorthu,' 250 

Herdshouse, 284 

Hereford, 2 

Hermitage, parish of St. John 

Lee, 180 
Herrington, 161 
Hetton-le-Hole, 208 
Hesledon, 153 
Hesleyside, 231 
Hethpool, 257 
Hexham, 77, 182, 211, 212, 223, 

226, 231, 234, 235, 253, 254, 256. 

258, 259, 260, 263, 264, 2C.5, 266, 

267 268 269 270 271, 273 274 

275 5 277, 278 279, 280, 281, 284, 

285, 286, 288, 289, 293; Giam- 

mar school, 262, 276; Tyne 

mills, 285 
Hexhamshire, 256 
Highbalk, parish of Corbridge, 

261, 267 
High-cross, 8 
High-field, 288 
Hilton-on-the-Wear, 251 
Hilton, parish of Staindrop, 113, 

129 
'Holdenby/ 202 
Holland, 1 
Hollands, 259 
Holland House, 5 
Hollings, 259 
Holmeside, parish of Lanchester, 

67, 92, 102, 115 
Holy Island, description of, 21-24, 

49 
Horgil, 208 
Hornby, 202 
Horncliffe, 278 
Horsley in Redesdale, 253 
Houghton-le-Spring, 93, 109, 165, 

208 
Howdon Pans, 243 
Howtell, 261 
Hubback, 280 
Hugh-mill, 259 
Hull, 292 

Humbleton, 220, 221, 227 
Hume Castle, 219 
Humshaugh. 264, 265, 268, 269, 

273, 274, 276, 277, 281, 283, 286, 

287, 293 



300 



Huntley Nab, 252 
Hurworth, 135, 146, 153 
Hut-ton, 7 

Hutton Bonville, 187 
« Hy,' Eye, 214 



Innerwick Castle, 26 

Inverness, 40, 42 

Ireland, emigration to, 42; 196, 

197 
Irthing, river, 231 
Irvine (Erwin), 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 

48, 49 
Islandshire, 22 
Isle of Dogs, 208 



Jamaica, 286, 287 

Jarrow church and dedication 

stone, 247 
Jedburgh, 215, 226, 286 
Jerviswood, 215 

K 

Keldholm, near Kirkby Moorside, 

90 
Kelloe, 143 
Kensington, 5 
Kelton, 45 
Kensington, 173 
Kenton, 157 
Kenward, 185 

Kepier, 108, 130, 137, 161, 179 
Kibblesworth, 180, 181 
Kilham, 220 

Kilhope, 210; Kilhopehead, 210 
Kilkhampton, 128 
Killingworth, 182, 241 
Kilwinning, 43 
King's-road, near Bristol, 2 
King's Seat, near Flodden, 219 
Kingston, 258 
Kingston, Jamaica, 287 
Kinsale, 182 
' Kirk Aluf,' 211 
Kirkharle, 258, 286 (see Harle). 
Kirkhaugh, 211 
Kirklington, 205, 207 
Kirknewton, 173, 220, 263 
Knapton, Warwickshire, 24 
Knaresdale, 211 
Kyle, 38 
Kyloe, 269 



Lakenham, Norfolk, 125 
Lamberton, 214 



Lamb Shield, near Hexham, 259 

Lambton, 20, 134, 149, 181 

Lamesley, 88, 174 

Lanchester, 102 

Langley, 108 

Laswade, 35 

Lay ton, 109 

Leadhills, 238 

Lee, 214 

Lee-hall, 231 

Leeds, 78, 261 

Leeming-lane, 8 

Leith, in 1635, 31 35, 37; 42 

Leighlin, Old, 197 

Lemington, 180, 222, 223 

Lesbury, 279 

Leven river, 251 

Levens, 121 

Leytonstone 88 

Lichfield, 161 

Liddell, 231 

Liddesdale, 215 

Lilburn, 221 

Limerick, 197 

Lindisfarne, 217, 218, 245 

Lincoln's Inn, 193 

Linlithgo, 36, 40, 50 

Lintz, 271 

Liverpool, 93 

Lismore, 199 

Llanvard, Carmarthenshire, 185 

Loanend, 277 

Lomond. Loch, and its floating 

island, 38 
Longhoughton, 279, 283 
Longtown, 231 
Longwitton, 273 
London, 16, 89, 171, 174, 176, 187, 

191, 192, 222, 261, 264, 267, 270, 

283, 286; St. Bartholomew's 

Hospital, 191 
Lothian, East, 213 
Loudside, 259 
Ludlow, 2 

Lumley Castle, 15, 245, 246 
Lutterworth, 8 
Lynn, 185 
Lysick, 93 
Lysterfield, Co. Eoscommon, 197 



Madrid, 11 
Magi, 203 
Magna, 211, 212 
Magee, Island of, 47, 48 
Maiden- way, 211 
Mainsforth, 54 
Malpas, 1 



301 



Malton, Old, 111 

Man, Isle of, 160 

Markham, East, 193 

Marston, 9 

Matfin, 261, 282 

Mayfield, Sussex, 187 

May, Isle of, 27 

Meath, 199 

Mellerstain, 215 

Melrose, 213, 215 

Melton Constable, 242 

Merse, 213, 214 

Mickleton in Lonsdale, 134 

Middleton, 263 

Middle-fell, 211 

Milfield, 219, 263 

Milkwell-burn, 256 

Military Way from Newcastle to 
Carlisle, 212, 232, 244, 245, 291 

Minehead, 2 

Minibole, 50 

Ministeracres, 271 

Mollersteads, 267 

Monkchester, 243 

Monkridge, 225 

Monkwearmouth, 248 

Moor house, 259 

Morebattle, 215 

Morpeth, 19, 20, 49, 127 190, 211, 
223, 241, 262, 263 264,' 265, 267, 
268, 269, 270, 272, 281, 286, 289 

Morton-house, 109, 111, 154 

Mount Grace, 79, 108, 135 

Mull of Cantyre, 48 

Murton, near Tweedmouth, 22, 23 

Murton. See Morton-house 

Murray, 40 

Musselborough, 27, 37, 49 

Mytton, Co. York, 113 

N 

Nafferton, 169 

Naworth, 213 

Needspeth, 259 

Nesbit, 153, 155 

Nettlesworth, 110, 205 

Newbiggin, 228, 256, 270 

Newbottle, 92 

Newbrough, 259, 274, 288 

Newburn, 259 

Newbury, 200 

Newby, 261 

Newcastle, description of, in 1635, 
15-16, 19; 12, 20, 68, 69, 78, 79, 
88, 89, 109, 113, 114, 118, 119, 
125, 157, 166, 168, 171, 176-189, 
190-192, 206/207, 209, 211, 213, 
222, 223, 226, 232, 234, 235, 241, 



243-245, 247, 253, 254, 256, 257, 
258, 259, 260, 261, 265, 273, 275, 
277, 278, 280, 290, 293; castle 
244; churches, 12, 16, 243-244; 
bridge, 15, 19, 245; Pandon 
Gate, 244; Tomlinson library, 
244; glass houses, 244 

Nent, river, 210 

Newton, near Durham, 71 139, 
147, 164 

Newton, East, Yorkshire, 131 

Newton, Long, 161, 164 

Newton-hall, Bywell, 259 

Newton Garths, 107 

Newtown, 200 

Newark, 79, 193, 265, 266 

Nine-banks, 275 

Norham, 22, 173, 217, 218; castle 
217; church, 217, 218 

Normanby, 109, 140 

Northallerton, 251 

Northampton, 192 

Northgrain, 210 

Norton, 146 

Northumberland, 211-244 

Northumbria, kingdom of, 216-217 

Nunnikirk, 107, 270, 272 

Nunlands, 272 

' Nunnum,' 237 

Nunshouse, 80 

Nunwick. 232. 241. 268. 274 



O 

Oakham, 193 

Okerland, 258 

Oldwark, 205 

Orchardton, 45 

Ordley, 259 

Orton, 210 

Ossory, 199 

Otterburn, 225 228; Field of, 

227; Camphill, 227 
Ouse, river, 3 

'Outon/ near Durham, 114, 120 
Overacres, 226, 229 
Oxford, 1 



Pawston (Paston), 220, 257, 271 

Pedgebank, Co. Durham, 184 

Pelton, 277 

Pendragon Castle 213 

Penrith, 211, 212 ' 

'Penval Craig/ 242 

Percy's Cross, 221 

Perth (St, Johnston) 40, 43 

Peterborough, 246 

Pepper Arden, 139 



302 



Picts' Wall, 19 
Pieroebridge, 8, 203 
Pimlico, 145 
Pitmeddan, 266 
Pitsburn, 208 

Pittington, 20, 94, 111, 135 
Plessey, 187 
Plawsworth, 144 
Pondicherry, 277 
Pons jEUs, 244 
Ponteland, 19 

Portpatrick, 1, 42, 45, 46, 48, 50 
Portsmouth, 271 
Prendergest, 173 
' Press/ Berwickshire, 271 
Pressen, 291 
Preston in Tynemouthshire, 94, 

165 
Preston Pans, 27 
Prudhoe Castle, 20, 238 

Q 

Quarington, 126 
Quarryhill, 80, 146 
Quebec, 259 

R 

Raby Castle, 204, 205 

Rampgill, 210, 211 

Rathlin, Isle of, 48 

Rede, river, 227, 228, 230, 231, 232 

Redesdale, 226, 230 

Redesmouth, 262 

Ribchester, 228 

Ribley, near Northampton, 218 

Ribston, 7 

Richmond, 123 

Riding, 238, 267 

Ridley, Cheshire, 8 

Ridley-hall, 277, 291 

Ringing-rock, 38, 45 

Ringstead, 125 

Rise, 196 

Rochester, Kent, 16 

Rochester. Redesdale, 225, 228 

Rochester (Rudchester), Tyndale, 
259 

Romaldkirk, 99, 177 

Roman Wall. See Wall 

Roma a inscriptions 212, 228, 229, 
230, 233, 234, 236, 237, 238, 239 

Rothbury, 223, 224, 226, 234, 258, 
269, 273, 280, 283, 289, 293 
rectory house, 224; school, 224 
benefice, 223; Thrum, 224 
Newtown, 224, 225; Old, 224 

Rothwell, 184 

Rowley-burn, 235 

Roxburghshire, 214 



Royalty, in Norhamshire, 218 

Ryal, parish of Stamfordham, 257 

Ryan, Loch, 45 

Ryehill, 273 

Ryle, parish of Whittingham, 278 

Russia. 160 



Sadlingburn, 210 
St. Albans, 242 

— Andrews, 40 

— Anthony's, 88 

— Blazey, 198 

— Denis, 13 

— John's Chapel, Weardale, 210 

— John Lee, 253, 261, 284 

— Oswald's, 234, 286, 288 
Sandhoe, 259 
Sandhutton, 6 

Saxton, 6 

Scarborough. 73, 162, 256 

Scone, 36 

* Scythlescester,' 234 

Scottish Islands, 41, 47 

Seacroft, 207 

Seaham, 132 

Seale, Co. Leicester, 137 

Seaton, 207 263 

Sea ton Delaval, 182, 241-242, 284- 

Seaton-house, N.B., 27 

Sedgefield, 109, 128, 197, 207 

Segedunun, 241 242 

Seghill, 241 

Selaby, 204 

Selkirk, 214, 215 

Selling, Kent, 44 

Setoun, N.B., 40 

Sewenshields, 276 

Shawcross, 45 

Shele-miln, 107 

Sherborn Hospital, 147, 161; 

House, 205 
Shield-hall in Slaley, 275 
Shields, North, 16, 18, 243, 261, 

278 
Shields, South, 116, 144, 173, 184, 

243 
Shields salt pans, 16, 17, 18, 27„ 

243, 244 
Shincliffe, 78, 82, 138, 156, 159 
Shoreston, 256 
Shortmoor, 259 
Shotlington, 285 
Shotley, 96, 137 
Shrewsbury, 2 
Shilchester, 234 
Silksworth, 146 
Simonburn, 231, 232, 275, 280, 284, 

285, 288 



303 



Skelton Castle, 76, 158 

Skerne, river, 202 

Slaley, 259, 269 

Southampton, 199 

Spain, court of, 11, 294 

Spital, near Berwick, 269, 270, 280, 

282, 292 
Stagshawbank, 276 
Staincroft, 230 
Staindrop, 203, 204 
Stamfordham, 259, 267, 285 
Stanhope, 12, 102, 207, 209, 210 
Stannington, 187 
Stanton, 265 
Startforth, 135, 155 
Staward, 118, 259 
Steel-hall, 265, 280 
Stelling, 277 
Stirling, 36, 40 
Stockton, 72, 79. 94, 125, 250-2 
Stokesley, 251 
Stonecroft, 230 
' Stone-hall ' church, 211 
Streatlam, 174 
Stranraer, 47 
Stranton, 114 
Studley, 20 
Sunderland, 97, 192, 241, 248, 249, 

252 
Sunderland Bridge, 161 
Sutton Coldfield, 93 
Swale, river, 201 
Swinburn, 232, 259, 276; castle, 

232 



Talais, 270 

Tallentire, 188, 274 

Tarset, 230 

Tecket, 264 

Tees, river, 202, 203, 211 

Temple Newsam, 4 

Thetford, Suffolk, 185 

Thirlwall, 212 

Thockrington, 119 

Thornley, 109, 140 

Thornton, 230, 277, 278 

Thorp-thewles. 147, 166, 167 

Thorp-on-the-Hill, 4 

Th orp-perrow, 180 

Threepwood, 274 

Throckley, 259, 267 

Thropton, 224, 225 

Throwley, 44 

Thruntoft, 179 

Thrum, the, near Rothbury, 224 

Thurcroft, 166 

Till, river, 221 



Tina, 208 

Tinnensfell, 213 

Tiviotdale, 214, 215 

Tiverton, 198 

Topcliffe, 20 

Torbay, 189 

Tosson, 225 

Trent, river, 217 

Tribley, Co. Durham, 20 

Trimdon, 91, 133, 134, 166, 170 

Troughend, 225 229 

Tueda, 215 

Tunnocetum, 242 

Tunstal, 83, 102, 162 

Tweed, river, 215, 216, 218, 244 

Tweedmouth, 257, 261, 271, 272, 

279, 280, 291, 292 
Twizel in Norhamshire, 218, 219 
Twizel in Bamburghshire, 290 
Tyne, river, 17-18, 211, 212, 213, 

225, 230-231, 238, 242, 243, 245, 

247, 265, 291 ; salt pans, 17-18 
Tynemouth, 168, 192, 231, 242, 

259, 271; castle, 15, 20; priory 

church, 243 
Tyndale, 230 

U 

Ubbanford, 217 

Unthank, 97, 151, 161, 278 

Urney, Ireland, 197 



Vedra, 208, 225, 248 
Venezuela, 160 
Vindomara, 239 
Vinovium, 208 

W 

Wakefield, 3, 49 

Walhope burn, 210 

Wall, township and village, 253,. 

258, 260, 264, 279, 280, 283 
Wall, the Roman, 19, 37, 211-212, 

232, 236, 244, 276 
Wall-craggs, 273 
Wallsend, 187, 243 
Wallingford, 185 
Wallington, 225, 277 
Walltown, 274 
Walwick, 261, 273, 276, 277, 284; 

Cheaters, 232; grange, 232 
Wangford, Suffolk, 185 
Wardon, 262, 268 
Wardrew, 268 
Wark-on-Tyne, 232 
Wark-on-Tweed, 167, 214, 219, 

220- castle. 219. 220 



304 



Warkworth Castle, 20, 224; Her- 
mitage, 224 

Warrenton, 255 

Waterford, 2, 8, 199 

Watling^street, 8, 228, 236 

Wear, river, 195, 205, 209, 210, 
213, 245, 246, 248 

Weardale, 210, 238 

Wearhead, 210 

Wearmouth (Bishop and Monk), 
96, 157, 167, 173, 192, 247, 248 
See Sunderland 

Welburn, parish of Kirkdale, 51, 
53 

Welhope, 210 

Wells, 2 

Westgate in Weardale, 210 

Westmoreland, 106 

Westerhall, see Haughton Wester- 
hall 

Westoe 1 16 

Whickham, 77, 118, 119, 240 

Whitburn, 137, 248 

Wbitchester, 107, 230 

Whitehall, near Chester-le-Street, 
20 

Whitehouse, parish of Eyton, 240 

Whitkirk, 207 

Whitley, 282 

Whitley Castle, 208 211, 212 

Whittingham, 221, 225 263, 277, 
282, 283 289 

Whittonstall, 238 259 

Whitworth, 189 

Wigton, 38 

Willimoteswick, 180 

Willington, 122 



Wilmington, Carolina, 263 

Windgate, 127, 130, 135 

Windlestone, 123 

Winlaton, 240 

Witherslack Westmorland, 120 

Witton, 122 

Witton Gilbert, 69, 86, 87, 88, 

118, 144 162 
Witton Castle, 208 
Witton-le-Wear, 152 
Wolsingham, 19, 164, 209 
Woodburn in Redesdale, 229-230 
Wcodhall, parish of Alwinton, 258 
Woodhead, 3 166, 180, 212 
' Woodlaw,' 189 

Wooden, parish of Lesbury, 182 
Woodside, 225 
Wooler, 215 220, 221, 227, 261, 

Haughhead inn 221, 263, 277, 

280 290, 293 
Woolley-burn-foot, Allandale, 118 
Worsall, 121, 250 
Worth Grange 208 
Wylam, 259 



Yarm, 250-251; hospital, 251; 

Friary, 251 
Yeavering, 220, 290 
Yetholm, 215, 220 
Yetlington, 225 
York 3, 4 5, 9, 16, 49 52, 92, 

105, 235, 261; Minster, 3, 4; Sir 

Arthur Ingram's house, 4, 5 
Yorkshire 166, 250 251, 256 257. 

260 



805 



INDEX TO PERSONAL NAMES. 



A 



Abdell, William, 84 

Adams, Benjamin, 263, 283; Ed- 
ward, 283; Mr., 292, 294 

Adamson, Anne, 116; Barbara, 
116; Blythman, 116, 118; Cuth- 
bert, 78, 159; C. E. cited, 159; 
Dorothy, 116; Elizabeth, 78, 85, 
116, 159; Eleanor, 118; Hum- 
phry, 174; Jane, 159; John, 78; 
Margaret, 116; Mary, 159, 160; 
Ealph, 116; Eobert, 116, 153; 
Thomas, 159; Thomasin, 109; 
William, 116; William Blyth- 
man, 116; Parson, 109 

Addison, Dorothy, 191, 192; 
Joseph, 191, 192; John, 143 

Adair, William, 46 

Ailsa, Marquess of, 41 

Airey, George, 118; Sarah, 191 

Akenside, Mark, family register, 
190-192; biography, 192; Aaron, 
191 ; Abraham, 190, 191 ; Dor- 
othy, 191; Jane, 191; Mark 
(father and son), 190, 191, 192, 
193; Mary, 190, 191, 192; Ruth, 
191 ; Thomas, 191 ; William, 190, 
191 

Aldeburgh, — , 49 

Alder, Mary, 258; Ealph, 278; 
Eobert, 258; William, 278, 279, 
286; Mr., 292 

Alexander II., King of Scots, 216, 
230 

Alfred, King, 217 

Alfwald, King, 234 

Allan (Allen), Ealph, letters ad- 
dressed to, 195-198; biography, 
198; Elizabeth, 57, 198; John, 
198; Philip, 198; Ealph, 194- 
198; Thomas, 181; William, the 



piper, 290 
Alii 



good of Nunwick, 232; Esther, 
267; George, 241; Jane (Lady), 
241, 265, 274; Lancelot (Sir 
Lancelot), 241, 265, 267, 285, 
292; Eobert, 241, 265; Mr. 260; 
Mrs., 274 



Alison (Allison, Allinson, Allen- 
son), Abraham, 84; Anne, 60, 
72; Anthony, 69, 85, 175; Cathe- 
rine, 22; Cuthbert, 159; Eliza- 
beth, 144; George, 22; John, 72; 
Marmaduke, 123, 126; Mary, 
126, 143; Thomas, 72, 133 

Allibone, Barbara, 185; Sir Eich- 
ard, 185 

Alvanley, Lord, 139 

Alvey, Yelderd, vicar of New- 
castle, 12 

Andrews, Anne, 96; John, 66, 96; 
Margery, 66; Eobert, 267 

Anderson, Anne, 267; Sir Francis, 
179; Jane, 179; Eobert, 267; 
T , 284 

Anick, William, 266 

Annand, William, of Ayr, 44; 
Dean of Edinburgh, 44 

Anstruther, Anne, 266 ; Sir Philip, 
266 

Antrim, Earl of, 48 

Appdale, William, 84 

Appleby, Frances, 103 

Archbold, John, 104 

Archdeacon Dominic, 181; Mary, 
181 

Archer, Thomas, 210; William, 
210; Mrs., 287 

Arden, Edward, 139; Crewe, 139; 
John, 139; Laetitia, 139; Ealph, 
139 , 

Armorer, Alexander, postmaster 
at Alnwick, 20; Margaret, 271 

Armstrong, Archibald, the Court 
Fool, 11; Elizabeth, 87; Frances, 
287; Jane, 284 ? 287; Eebecca, 
66; Simon, 284; Thomas, 66 

Arnold, Dorothy, 60; Frederick 
(John Frederick), 60, 130 

Arrowsmith, Henry, 86; John, 91 

Arundel, Elizabeth, 58, 85, 140; 
Jane, 59; Eobert, 140; Thomas, 
58, 59, 68, 138 

Ashburnham, Elizabeth, Countess 
of, 240; John, Earl of, 240 

Astley, Edward, 242; Ehoda, 242 

'Aten/ Lord, 25 

20 



306 



Atkinson, Ann, 106, 125 ; George, 
72; Henry, 143; John, 125; 
Richard, 147; Thomas, 262; 
Laird, 137 

Atterbury, Bishop, 254 

Aubone, Catherine, 180; Frances, 
180; Jane, 180; Phillis, 180; 
Thomas, 180; William, 180, 184, 
188 

' Awther Long,' see Ouchterlony 

Aynsley of Threepwood, 274; Gaw- 
en, 274 ; John, 274 ; Susan, 68 

Ayre, Nicholas, 155; Reginald, 
137; Dr. Samuel, 137 

Ayreson, Alice, 57 ; Anne, 57 ; 
Christopher, 56, 57; Elizabeth, 
56, 57; Frances, 56, 57, 172; 
George, 57; Hannah, 57; Isabel, 
57; John, 56, 57, 125, 172; Mar- 
garet, 56, 57, 125; Mary, 56; 
Matilda, 56; Richard, 57; 
Thomas, 56, 57; William, 57 

Ayton, Hannah, 92; John, 92,161; 
1 esquire/ 161 



B 



Bacon, Christopher, 135; Dorothy, 

118; Isabel, 207; John, 118, 207, 

274; Mrs., 274 ' 
Backhouse, — , 65, 71, 143 
Baddeley, Anne, 90; Casandra, 

90; Dulcibella, 90; Martha, 90; 

Robert, 90 
Eagshaw, Dr. Henry, 165; Madam, 

165; Mary, 165 
Bainbridge, Anne, 124; John, 128; 

Raiph, 89, 124, 158 
Bailey (Bel ley, Bayley), Christo- 

beli 92; Dorothy, 103; George, 

215; Jane, 130; John, 131; 

William, 45, 92, 156 
Bailey and Culley, cited 221 
Bsiles, Mary, 93 
Baister, John, 76 ; Sarah, 76 
Baker, Captain George, 147 
Ballant, Anne, 94 
Bancks, John, 161 
Bamburgh, Thomas, 259, 279, 281; 

— , 269 
Barkas, George, 124 
Barker, Mary, 180; Robert, 155 
Barnes, Ambrose, 181, 182, 186; 

Joseph, 182, 186, 187 
Baron, George, 259; Mary, 293; 

Captain Robert, 293 
Barry, Thomas, Canon of Glas- 
gow, 227 



Barwick, George, 120; John, Dean 
of Durham, 120 ; Nicholas, 120 

Barnsfather, Magdalen, 74 

Bates, C. I. cited, 202, 218, 225, 
234; Margaret. 168; Richard, 
168; Thomas, 259 

Batey, John, 93; Thomasin, 93; 

Bathurst, Mr. Justice, 281 

Batmeson, ' Mady/ 137 

Baxter, Elizabeth, 62; Thomas, 
61 ; William, 61, 62, 78 

Beard, — , 255, 256 

Beaumont (Beaumond), Delavel, 
157; Elizabeth, 157; Hammond, 
157; Rev. Hammond (father and 
son), 129, 157; Margaret, 157; 
Mary, 157; Mrs., 129 

Bee (Bek), Bishop", 9, 245 

Beckles, Elizabeth, 112 

Beck worth, Edward, 135, 166; 
Elizabeth, 135, 166; Frances, 
166; Thomas, 166 

Bede, the Venerable, 14, 218 

Bee, Jacob, Chronicle of Births, 
Marriages and Mortality, 54- 
175; pedigree, 55; Anne, 55, 58, 
96; Barbara, 55; Cuthbert, 138; 
Elizabeth, 55, 61, 108, 175 ; 
Jacob, 54, 55, 56, 60, 104, 108, 
136, 148, 175; Jane, 55; John, 
55; Margaret, 55, 61, 87; Nicho- 
las, 55, 56, 58, 60, 61, 136; 
Ralph, 55; Thomas, 55 

Bell, Anne, 77, 118; Arthur, 71; 
George, 264, 279, 281 ; Jane, 283 ; 
John, 112, 178; Nell, 69; 
Robert, 156; Thomas, 77, 264, 
279; William, 77, 118, 169; Mrs., 
280 ; Laird, 264, 279, 281 ; of 
Acomb, 264 

Bellasis (Belesyse), Margaret, 154; 
Timothea, 109; Sir William, 
109, 154 

Bellingham, Thomas, 121 

Belly, see Bailey 

Benedict, Bishop, 247, 248 

Bennet, Benjamin, 192 

Benson, Isabel, 101 ; John, 83, 101, 
138, 170; Martin, Bishop of 
Gloucester, 195 

Bentham, Christopher, 2 

Best, Ursula, 139 

Beverley, Richard, 110; Robert, 87 

Bewchanon, Jacob, 97. See Blew- 

cannon 
Beza, 10 
Binion, Anne, 69, 114; Jane, 69; 

John, 164; Thomas, 114, 121 
Bishops, The Seven, 185 



307 



Black, Alexander, 276 

Blackett, Anne, 261; Barbara, 
206: Frances, 206; Sir Edward, 
254, 261, 262, 263, 268, 280, 282, 
288, 289; John, 107, 257; Cap- 
tain John Erasmus, 254, 256, 
257, 261, 263, 266, 282, 283, 292; 
memoir, 257; Martha, 257; 
Sarah, 257; Sir Walter, 209, 210, 
238, 244; Sir William, 171, 179, 
188; Mrs., 269 

Blacklock, — , 276 

Blair, James, 42, 43, 46, 50; 
Robert, cited, 236 

Blakiston, Anne, 111 ; Barbara, 12, 
185, 206; Elizabeth, 105, 139, 
174; Francis and Frances, 168, 
171, 174, 206; Henry, 8, 49, 105; 
Lucy, 171; Marmaduke, 139; 
Margaret, 125, 126, 164; Mary, 
8, 111; Ralph (Sir Ralph), 206; 
Robert, 168; Roger, 126; To- 
bias, 125, 164; William (Sir 
William), 8, 12, 105, 111, 126, 
206, 207; Madam, 105; Captain, 
121 

Blare ton, Mary, 85 

Blencowe, Elizabeth, 88, 89 

Blenkinsop, Anne, 160 ; Anne 
Jane, 160; Cuthbert, 160; Jane, 
160, 274; John, 160, 274; Laeti- 
tia, 160; Mary, 160; Peter, 160; 
Thomas, 162; William Blyth. 
man, 160 

Blewcannon, Matthew, 98. See 
Bewchanon 

Blythman, Elizabeth, 116; Mary, 
78 ; William, 98, 116 

Brocksby, Eppy, 148. See Botchby 

Bodger, — , 90 

Bolderson Mary, 85 

Bonham, Francis W., 197 

Bonner, Elizabeth, 180; Joseph, 
187; Sarah, 88; Timothy, 187; 
William, 88 

Bonney, Mr., 159 

Booth, Anne, 135; Sir George, 1; 
Robert (Sir Robert), 135; Sus- 
anna, 1 ; brother-in-law, 17 

Borrow, John, 111 

Botchby (Botcherby), Appelina, 
151; Eppy, 151; Thomas, 106; 
see Brocksby 

Boutflower, Thomas, 189 ; William, 
189 

Bowes, Anne, 80, 161 ; Barbara, 
184; Catherine, 80; Cuthbert, 
137; Elizabeth, 80, 137, 146, 
174; Edward, 137; George, 146, 



161; Henry, 184, 189; Margaret 
and Margery, 80; Mary Eleanor, 
240; Mary, 146; Ralph, 80; 
Thomas, 80, 146; William (Sir 
William), 80, 174; of Cibside, 
239-240 

Bowey, Elizabeth, 65; James, 264; 
John, 65 

Bowman, John, 139 

Bowser, Mary, 162; Thomas, 162 

Boyd, Hugh, 45, 50 

Boydell, Mary, 207 

Brabant, Dukes and Earls of, 217; 
Sir Henry, 184; John, 184 

Bradford, — , 10 

Brage, Eleanor, 97 

Brandling, Anne, 184, 187 ; Charles 
184, 187; Ralph, 184, 186;' 
Robert, 184 

Brass, Anne, 105 ; John, 161; Mary 
88; Thomas, 88; William, 134 ' 

Brice, Henry, 103 ; Richard, 151 

Brereton, Sir William, journal, 3- 
50; biography, 1; Cicely, 1; 
Margaret, 1; Thomas, 1; Wil- 
liam, 1 

Briggs, Frances, 104; Thomas, 104 

Brinton, John, 264 

Britain, Henry, 71, 136 

Breers, Margaret. 84 

Brocket, Elizabeth, 172; William, 
98-172 

Bromley, Isabella 153 ; Mary, 155 ; 
Robert, 153, 155 

Browell, Mark, diary, 176-189; 
biography, 176; Edward, 176, 
177, 178, 187 ; Elizabeth, 176, 177, 
187; Frances, 177, 178; George, 
176, 178; Jane, 176; Julia, 177, 
178; Margaret, 176, 187; Mark, 
187; Mark, jun., 177-178; Wil- 
liam, 177 

Brown, Anne, 81, 145; Anthony, 
259; Barbara, — ; Bart., 69; 
Dorothy, 60; Elizabeth, 71, 78, 
105, 160, 163, 263; Gerard, 163; 
Hume, cited, 2, 24, 26; Isaac, 
280, 291; Jane, 163; John, 108, 
145, 163, 287 ; Margaret, 77, 101 ; 
Mary, 80; Martha, 147; Mary, 
80; Matthew, 73, 294; Michael, 
73; Philip, 122, 124; Richard. 
71, 73, 76, 122, 147, 161; Row- 
land, 76; Simon, 117; Thomas, 
60, 72, 105, 124, 160, 263; Wil- 
liam, cited, 46, 251, 252; Wil- 
liam, 146, 259; Mr., 284; Mr., of 
Doxford, 281; Mr., of Kirkharle, 
286 



308 



Bruce, J. C, cited, 16; Peter, 251; 

Eobert, 251; Private, 278 
Brumell, Elizabeth, 180 
B runs wick- Wolf enbuttel, Duke of, 

274 
Bryen, Ann, 72 
Bryson, Elizabeth, 74 
Bucer, 10 

Buck, Christian, 279 
Bucket, Buney, 99 
Buckley, Elizabeth, 98; Margaret, 

98 
Buckingham, Duke of, 11 
Bullinger, 10 
Bullock, Anne, 147; George, 147; 

Margaret, 147 
Bulmer, Jane, 148 
Burdas (Burdus) Anne, 69; Eliza- 
beth, 67, 115; Jane, 75; Joseph, 

259; Mary, 67; Michael, 259; 

Thomas, 67, 115' 
Burden, Alice, 95; George, 122; 

Mary, 86; Robert, 82 
Burnett, Bishop, 41; Frances, 91, 

175; Margaret, 41; Robert, 91, 

175; Thomas, 91 
Burnup, Jane, 121 ; John, 113 ; 

Thomas, 69 
Burke, Farnham, Norroy King of 

Arms, cited, 205 
Burrell of Howtell, 261; Burdon, 

65; Christopher, 65; Cuthbert, 

76; William, 261; Mr., 165 
Burton, James, 259; Nicholas, 96; 

Lady, 149 
Busby, Dorothy, 172; Henry, 166, 

172; John, 166 
Butler, Bishop, of Durham, 209 
Buttery, Sarah, 70; Thomas, 71, 

151 
Byerley, Margaret, 98 
Byers, Jane, 92 ; William, 92 



Cadwalla, 235 

Calderwood, David, 28 

Caley, Frances, 258; William, 258 

Calixtus II., Pope, 251 

Callis, William, 27 

Calvin, 10 

Camden, cited, 230, 241 

Campbell, Captain, 259, 267, 275; 

Lieutenant, 259 
Canute, King, 204 
Carde, Anne, 144 
Carey, Sir Henry, 10; Sir Robert, 

22 



Carker, Edward, 101 

Carlisle, Bishop of, patron of 
Rothbury, 223 

— , Earl of, founder of Brampton 
almshouses, 213 

Carnaby, Jane, 147 

Carr of Cocken, 246 

Carr of Ford, 218 

Carr, Anne, 270; Isabel, 114, 179; 
Jane, 179; John, 259; Leonard, 
19; Mary, 97; Sir Ralph, 179, 
188; William (Sir William), 102, 
188, 190, 191, 270; Mrs., 97 

Carrick, — , 268 

Carter, Sarah, 260; William, 259, 
260 

Cartwright, Sarah, 103; Bishop 
Thomas, 103 

Cassilis, David, Earl of, 44; Gil- 
bert, Earl of, 44; John, Earl of, 
41 

' Cassop John/ 166 

'Catch/ Captain, 104 

Catcheside, Margaret, 98; Sarah, 
164; Thomas, 98 

Cay, Frances, 271 ; Jane, 96 ; John, 
271 

Cecil, Anne, 11; William, Lord 
Burleigh, 11 

Cedwall, King, 234, 235. See Cad- 
walla 

Ceolfrid, Abbot, 247 

Ceolwulf, King, 218 

Challoner of Guisborough, 253; 
Dame Joan, 252; Sir Thomas, 
252 

Chamney, William, collection of 
engraved portraits, 200 

Champney, Elizabeth, 258; Tho- 
mas, 258 

Chandler, Edward, Bishop of 
Durham, 197 

Chapman, Anne, 72; George, 82, 
134; Margaret, 142; Robert, 78; 
William, 142, 169; — , 89 

Charles I., 11, 36, 40, 52, 53 

Charles II., Ill, 183, 184, 186 

Charlton of the Bower, 262 ; of Lee 
Hall, 231 ; Edward, 231, 262, 277 ; 
James, 268 ; John, 259 ; Lionel, 
229; Mary, 287; Rannell, 287; 
Teresa, 231; William, 262, 287, 
288; Mr., 261, 267 

Chesterfield, Philip Stanhope, first 
Earl of, 209 

Chesters, Sergeant, 291 

Chicken of Great Whittington, 
264 

Chilton, Robert, 132 



309 



Chipchase, Margaret, 92, 111; 
Mary, 133; Rebecca, 146; Wil- 
liam, 85, 111, 133, 146, 154 

Church, Anthony, 162; Barbara, 
162; Cassandra, 162; Cuthbert, 
162 ; Elizabeth, 162 ; Frances, 79, 
162 ; Isabell, 99, 162 ; James, 79, 
134, 135, 162; John, 99, 162; 
Margaret, 135, 144; Mary, 162; 
Thompson, 162; William, 144, 
162; Mrs., 75, 167 

Clark, Anne, 89; Charles, 168; 
George, 79; James, 68; John, 
89, 100; Margaret and Margery, 
153, 168, 188; Michael, 168; 
William, 94; Mr., 107 

Clavering of Calally, 225; Eliza- 
beth, 177; George, 177; Sir 
Thomas, 240; esquire, 152 

Clay, J. W., cited, 5, 51, 252 

Clayton, John, 97 

Claxton, Sir John, 205 ; Mary, 205 

Cliffe, Thomas, 87 

Clifford, Lieutenant, 219 

Clement, James, 127 

Clephan, James, cited, 16 

Clough, Elizabeth, 148; Thomas, 
87 

Clout, Nan, 145 

Coats, Mary, 108; John, 259 

Cock, Ann, 86, 179; John, 86; 
Ealph, 16, 179 

Cogdon, John, 168; Robert, 102 

Cole, Dame Catherine, 168; Eliza- 
beth, 106; James, 106; Nicholas 
(Sir Nicholas), 106, 137, 179, 183, 
186; Sir Ralph 168 179; 
Thomas, 137 

Collingwood, Alexander, 254, 278; 
Anne, 270; Edward, 270; Sarah, 
257; Lord, 257 

Collinson, Nicholas, 59; Thomas, 
59, 130 

Colmore, Mary, 113; Thomas, 113 

Coltman, Anthony, 93; Mary, 71 

Comber, Dean of Durham, 131, 148, 
Mrs., 131 

Comyn, Anne, 158; Jane, 141, 153; 
Simon, 141, 153. See Cumin 

Conyers, Bet, 62; Sir Christopher, 
134; John (Sir John), 110, 121; 
Robert, 110; William, 72; Mr., 
115 

Cook, Barbara, 82; Mary, 82; of 
Hexham, 278; — , 267 

Cookson, Mrs., 269 

Cooper, Abraham, 153; Averill, 
169 ; Catherine, 153 ; Robert, 95 ; 
Thomas, 90, 91. See Cowper 



Cope, Sir Anthony, 5; Sir Walter, 

5 
Corbett, Abraham, 178 
Corby, Nicholas, 136; T— , 280 
Corner, Mary, 109; Matthew, 109; 

Thomas, 150; William, 86, 152 
Corney, Robert, 150 
Cornforth, Isabel, 156; Elizabeth, 

101 ; Robert, 108, 156, 169, 178 
Cosin, Bishop of Durham, 113, 128, 

149; Anne, 128 
Cospatric, Earl of March, 214 
Cotesworth, Anne, 180; John, 180, 

184 
Coulson, Anne, 55, 66, 94; Christo- 
pher, 64, 76, 120 ; Elizabeth, 67 ; 

John, 64, 65, 66, 259 ; Joseph, 62, 

83; Margaret, 138; Mary, 65, 

120; Richard, 55, 66, 67, 94-; 

Stephen, 83; Thomas, 64, 67; 

William, 287 
Cowper, Spencer, Dean of Durham, 

196. See Cooper 
Coxon, Elizabeth, 276 
Cradock, Dorothy, 113, 130; John, 

113; Sir Joseph, 123; Thomas, 

123, 130; Mrs., 73 
Craggs, Matthew, 108; Richard, 

76; Robert, 265 
Craig, — , militiaman, 285 
Cranmer, Archbishop, 10 
Cranstown, Anne, 257; William, 

Lord, 257 
Craster, Ann, 273: John, 273; Mr., 

of Newcastle, 266 
Crawford, Colonel, 261, 263, 283 
Crawhall, Elizabeth, 268; Susanna, 

71 
Creagh, Margaret, 181 ; Dame 

Mary, 181 ; Sir William, 181, 186 
Crewe, Nathaniel. Bishop of Dur- 
ham and Baron Crewe, 91, 112, 

128, 129, 139, 150, 152, 181, 185, 

186; Lady, 150, 152 
Croft, Richard, 93; Thomasin, 93 
Crosby Anne, 152; Elizabeth, 141; 

Frances, 124, 152, 153; John, 82; 

Nicholas, 136; Thomas, 141, 152, 

153 
Crow, Elizabeth, 84; Philadelphia, 

82; Matthew, 259; Robert, 80, 

170; Major, 256 
Crowley, Ambrose (Sir Ambrose), 

240; Elizabeth, 240; John, 240; 

Theodosia, 240; ironworks, 240, 

244 
Cumin, John, 230; Richard, lord 

of Tarset, 230; William, justici- 
ary of Scotland, 230. See Comyn 



310 



Cumming, James, 259; — , 268 
Cuthbertson, Anne, 258; George, 
town clerk of Newcastle, 258 

D 

Dacre, Lord, 219; — , 275 

Daglish, Private, 284 
Dantesey, Alice, 102 ; Brilliana, 
102; Edward, 102; Gabriel, 102; 
John, 102; Philip, 102; Thomas. 
102 

Darcy, Isabel, 179; James, 179; 
Lord, 219 

Darlington (Darneton), Mary, 168; 
Rebecca, 168; Catherine Sedley, 
Countess of, 204; Sophia Platen, 
Countess of, 204; Henry Vane, 
Earl of, 204 

David, King of Scots, 216, 230, 251 

Davidson (Davison), Alexander (Sir 
Alexander), 109, 140, 184; Anne, 
109, 175, 179; Charles, 109; 
Elizabeth, 179; James, 109; 
Joan, 109, 140; John, 293; 
Joseph, 109; Margaret, 69, 109; 
Mary, 109; Ralph, 109, 140; 
Thomas, 109, 114, 179 ; Timothea, 
109 ; Timothy, 179, 188 ; William, 
109; Mr., 291 

Davies, Elizabeth, 174 

Dawson, John, of Brunton, Cap- 
tain Northumberland Militia, 
diary, 254-294; biography, 253; 
date of birth, 288; John, junior 
(Jack), 253, 264, 266, 268, 269, 
273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 281, 286, 
288, 291, 293, 294; Anne, 253, 
283 ; Barbara, 253 ; Francis, 182, 
253, 267, 275, 281, 288; Robert, 
283; Captain John's sister, 283; 
Mrs., 287 

Delaval, George, 254, 260, 282; 
George Shafto, 264; Francis, 
242; Sir John, 242; Mary, 157; 
Rhoda, 242; Thomas, 157; Ad- 
miral, 241, 242, 282 

'Delilay/ 138 

Dent, Anne, 99 ; Elizabeth, 64, 151 ; 
Jane, 141; John, 82, 171; Julia, 
187; Margaret, 111; Maxton, 79; 
Pexell, 140, 148; Thomas, 64, 66, 
90, 97, 151, 187; William, 134 

Denton, John, 171 

Derbyshire, Mary, 73 

Derwentwater, Margaret de 93; 
Lord, 186, 210, 235 

Dickinson, Christopher, 285; Jane, 
130 

Dickie, David, 46 



Dickson, see Dixon 

' Dike/ David of Irvine, 43 

Dixon of Belford, 270 

Dixon, Abraham, 254, 270, 272, 
273 ; Anne, 84, 270 ; Christopher, 
90, 169; David, 43, 163: Eliza- 
beth, 89; Francis, 57; George, 
85; Isabel, 74; Jane, 163; John, 
84, 87, 96, 259; Nicholas, 57, 74, 
110; Robert, 151; Thomas, 73, 
157; William, 97; of Newcastle, 
attorney, 273; of Derwent, 288; 
Captain, 277, 280; Private, 284; 
— , 268 

Dobinson, Elizabeth, 58, 88; 
Henry, 59. 61, 68; Isabel, 77; 
Jane," 61; John, 62, 107; Mar- 
garet, 159; Thomas, 59, 62, 82, 
159 

Dobson, Anne, 158; Anthony, 92, 
136; Christian, 158; Christopher, 
158; Edward, 158; Elizabeth, 
158; George, 180; Jane, 137; 
Margaret, 124; Marv, 158; 
Robert, 95, 124, 136, 158; Wel- 
bury, 158; Wheatley, 158; Mr., 
267 

Dodds (Dodd), Elizabeth, 73, 83; 
John, 259; Joseph, 259; Ralph, 
259 ; Thomas, Dean of Ripon, 10, 
12; William, 276; Captain, 267 

Dodsworth, Anthony, 114 ; Eleanor, 
114; Elizabeth, 114 

DolbeUj Sir John, prebendary of 
Durham, 195, 196, 197, 198 

Done (Dunn), Elizabeth, 174; Par- 
son William, 174 

Doubleday, Elizabeth, 262; H— , 
262; Humphrey, 262; Nicholas, 
262; Michael, 222; Dr., 260, 270, 
272, 282, 290, 291, 293 

Douglas, Anne, 261 ; George, 45 ; 
James, 45 ; John, Earl of, 27 ; 
John, 45 ; Margaret, 45 ; Mary, 
45; Oley, 261; Samuel, 45; Wil- 
liam (Sir William), 45, 90; Pri- 
vate, 263 

Dowthwaite, Alice, 68 ; Anne, 59, 
122; Elizabeth, 83; John, 59, 
110; Margaret, 83; Mary, 79; 
Ralph, 122 

Downes, Brian, 206; Elizabeth, 
206; Mr., 94 

Downey, Thomas, 115 

Drake, Rev. William, 188 

Drewry (Drury), Anne 77, 110; 
Arabella, 133; Elizabeth, 81; 
John, 78; Joyce, 145; William, 
78, 83. 133, 153 



311 



Dryden, Simon, 284; his widow, 
284 

Druich, William, 113 

Duck, Sir John, 103, 128, 142, 167 ; 
Lady (Madam), 83, 85, 139 

Duckett, John, 69, 167; Mary, 167 

Dunbar, Earl of, 22 

Duncan, Edmund, 126 

Duncombe, Colonel, 256 

Dunce (Dunse), David, 107; Mar- 
garet, 76, 85 

Dunn, James, 268; Jane, 97; 
William, 148, 174; Parson, 174; 
drummer, 268, 276 

Durant, Benezer, 189 

Dury, see Drewry 

E 
Eales, David, 99 ; Robert, 82, 154 ; 

Thomas, 82, 90 
Eanred, King, 217 
Earle (Earl), * Thomi,' 142; Miss 

(natural daughter of Marshall 

Wade), 198 
Ebdon, Anne, 85; Christopher, 94 
Ecfrid (Ecgfrid), King, 234, 247 
Eden, Barbara, 79; Blythman, 78; 

Elizabeth, 78; Henry, 78, 159; 

James, 78; Jane, 78, 159; John, 

183; Mary, 78, 79; Sir Robert, 

183; Tabitha, 78; William, 78 
Edward the Confessor, 245 
Edward I., 216 
Edward III., 209 
Edward VI., 252 
Edward, Prince of Scotland, 223 
Egbert, King, 217 
Egelric, Bishop, 245 
Egerton, Mary, 8, 49; Richard, 7, 

8 ; Thomas, 7 
Egfrid, Bishop, 217 
Eggleston (Egleston), Elizabeth, 

60 ; John, 141 ; William, 95 
Eglington, Alexander Seton, Earl 

of, 43 
Eitric, King, 217 
Elder, William, 281 
Eldridge, John, 128, 144; Mar- 
garet, 128, 144 
EJfwald, King, 234 
Elizabeth, Queen, 10, 11, 24, 216 
Elldart, John, 259 
Elliot, Anne, 95; Edward, 293; 

John, 259; Mary Anne, 293; 

Robert, 293; — , 272 
Ellis, King of the Beggars, 134 
Ellison, Benjamin, 181 ; Isabella, 

207; William, 207; Justice, 86; 

Mr., 188 



Elphinstone, Sir George, 40 
Elstob, Charles, 123, 184; Eliza- 
beth, 184 ; Jane, 184 ; Mary, 123 ; 
Ralph, 184; William, 184 
Eltringham, William, 264, 279, 281 
Emma, sister of King Stephen, 4 
Emmerson (Emerson), Anthony, 58, 
113, 174 ; Private, 292 ; — , 98, 99 
Endick (Endek), Peter, 152 
English, Thomas, 259 
Errington of Walwick, 233; of 
Beaufront, 235 ; Anne, 145 ; 
George, 180; Jane, 258; John, 
182, 187 ; Mark, 19 ; Thomas, 145, 
182; Mr., 284; 286, 287; Mrs., 
286 
Erwen, George, 281 
Ethelrid, Queen, 234 
Etherington, John, 111 
Eure, Ralph, Lord, 9 
Eustace Fitz John, 222 
Evans, John adjutant, 138, 261, 
282 



Fagius, 10 

Fairfax, Mary, 90 

Fairlamb, Matthew, 259; Mrs., 275 

Fairless James, 113; Jane, 155; 
John, 105, 155 

Fairley, Bishop, 35 

Farmer, Mr., of York, 251 

Farrer, John, 207; Rebecca, 207 

Farrow, Mary, 117; Robert, 73, 
114 

Fawcett, Christopher, 149; Ed- 
ward, 89; William, 105 

Fawdon, Jane, 81, 84 

Fawell, Anthony, 166; Robert, 87 

Featherston, George, 122; Parson 
Leonard, 122; Matthew, 211; 
Peregrina, 207; Ralph, 207; 
Thomas, 102 

Fell, Isabella, 183 

Fenwick, Barbara, 104; Catherine, 
265; Christopher, 68, 104, 110; 
Dorothy, 79; Elizabeth, 180; 
Dame Elizabeth, 96; Frances, 
104, 110 ; Grace, 258 ; Henry, 253, 
265, 266, 270, 271, 277, 278, 279, 
280, 282, 285, 287; James, 104; 
John, 79, 104, 157, 265; Mar- 
garet, 180; Mary, 107, 122, 179, 
180 265 ; Michael, 107 ; Nicholas, 
179, 180, 184 188, 189, 222; 
Ralph, 107 ; Robert, 180, 222 ; Sir 
Robert, 96; Thomasin, 104; 
William, 107, 283, 291; Mr., of 
Bywell, 286; Mr., 292, 293 



312 



Ferdinand, Prince, 278 

Fewster, Abigail, 127; Anthony, 
103; Averill, 127; Dorothy, 256; 
Thomas, 279; William, 103, 127, 
145 

Finney, Jane, 170 ; Eev. James, 170 

Fisher, Ann, 71 ; Dorothy, 56 ; Isa- 
bel, 56, 121 ; John, 93 ; Margaret, 
84; Maria Dorothy, 93; Ralph, 
56, 77, 121 

Fitzherbert, William, Archbishop 
of York, 4 

FitzMarmaduke, family tombs and 
arms, 245 

Fleming, John, Baron, 38; Mr., 38, 
50 

Foggan, Robert, 90 

Forcer, Eleanor, 73; George, 119 

Fordyce, Captain, 254 

Forfar, Lieutenant, 259 

Forster, Alice, 125; Anne, 81, 125; 
Averill, 125; Captain, 128; Cor- 
poral, 258; Dorothy, 125; Ed- 
ward, 114, 125; Eleanor, 125; 
Elizabeth, 73, 125, 152; Ferdin- 
and, 157; Francis, 73; George, 
70, 80, 96, 272; Henry, 96, 157; 
Jane, 86, 143, 157; John, 125; 
organist, 156 ; Margaret, 56, 125 ; 
157; Mark, 56, 125; Marmaduke, 
125; Mary, 179; Matilda, 125, 
131; Nicholas, 259; Pexall, 125, 
131; Susanna, 81, 143; Thomas, 

73, 85, 96, 125, 131, 143, 259; 
William, 81, 125, 139, 152, 259, 
Sir William, 152; Madam, 73, 91, 
143; Lady, 207; Mr., 258, 260, 
278, 282 

Forth, John, 206 

Fowler, Rev. J. F., cited, 4, 14 

France, John, 123 

Franklin, Sir Henry, 205; Jane, 
205 

Frappart, Olimpa, 62 

French, John, 123 

Frizell, Arabella, 78; Bart., 117; 
Bell, 71; Bett, 71; Henry, 83, 
141; Laird, 145; Margaret, 97, 
106; Mary, 139; William, 81, 86, 
139, 145 

Fulthorp, Anne, 83; Christopher, 

74, 83, 163; Eleanor, 83; Eliza- 
beth, 83; George, '83 

G 

Gair, Elizabeth, 147 
Gairlees, John, Viscount, 265 
Gale, Francis, 57 



Galloway, Alexander, Earl of, 265 
Gascoign, Joseph, vicar of Enfield, 

240; Theodosia, 240 
Geldart, Anne, 90 ; John, 90 
Gee, Dr. H., cited, 51 
Gelson, Ralph, 69, 141 
Gibson, Benjamin, 119; Dorothy, 

79; Edward, 264; Frances, 76; 

Isabel, 119; Jane, 208; Sir John, 

autobiograph, 52-53 ; biography, 

51; John, 254, 255, 256, 259,268; 

Matthew, 208; Penelope, 51; 

Reginald (Reynard), 261 267, 

270, 272, 292; Ensign and Mr., 

278, 282, 290 
Gill, Henry, 182 ; Humphrey, 182 ; 

John, 182 ; Joseph, 182 ; Samuel, 

182, 183, 186, 187 
Glover, G., 2 
Godrick the Hermit, 246 
Gofton, Anne, 96 
Goodacre, Bridget, 93; Lieutenant, 

93 
Goodare, Thomas, 156 
Goodrick, Sir Henry, 7 ; Richard, 

7 
Goodvear, Thomas, 156 
Gordon, Anne, 88, 94, 153, 154, 

172; Isabel, 153; James, 153; 

John, 94, 153, 154, 172; Mar- 
gery, 154; Mr., 38, 40, 41 
Gowland, Mr., 84 
Gowrie, John, Earl of, 31 
Graham, A., 259; Sir John, 37; 

Patrick, 37; — .' 285 
Granvill, Anne, 128-129; Sir 

Bevil, 128; Denis, Dean of 

Durham, 123-126, 128-129, 157 
Green, Edward, 183; Hannah, 57; 

John, 183; Joshua, 183; Michael, 

183; ' Nicholas, 148; Richard, 

138; Mr., 268 269, 275, 276 277, 

280, 284, 285, 288, 291, 293 294; 

— , 265 
Greenwell, Dorothy, 80; Jane, 

180; John, 180; Phillis, 180; 

Robert, 180; Sarah, 95; Rev. 

William, cited, 13, 14, 15, 93, 

196; William, 149, 180 
Greenwood, Mr., of Newcastle, 

264 
Greggs, Frances, 151; William, 

151 
Greeveson, William, 169 
Grieve (Grieves), Frances, 64; 

John, 120; Sybel, 150 
Grews, Jane, 258 
Grey (Gray), of Kyloe, 269; 

Anne, 80, 146; Bryan, 269; 



313 



Chipchase, 146; Dorothy, 256, 
269; Edward, 183; Elizabeth, 
85, 90, 146; George, 183; 
Henry, 256; John, 80, 146, 269; 
Magdalen, 183; Mary, 146; Sir 
Ealph, 167; Rebecca, 146; 
Robert (Doctor), 85, 87, 136, 146, 
167; Sarah, 183; William, 146; 
'Beardy/ 134 

Grey-Egerton, Sir Philip, 2; Sir 
P. H. D., 2 

Groves, John, 20; Sarah, 20 

Gunn, Captain, 259 

Gustavus IV., 160 

Guy, Dorothy, 79; Isabel, 73 



' Hadson/ Charles, 63 

Hagar, William^ 169 

Haggerston, Edward, 271; Mary, 
271; Sir Thomas, 270-271; Wil- 
liam, 271 

Haleby, Jane, 55 

Half-dane, the Dane, 242 

Halifax, Baron, 73 

Hall, Anne, 89, 97, 110, 143; An- 
thony, 88, 89; Barbara, 253; 
Catherine, 76; Cuthbert, 145; 
Edward (Sir Edward), 261, 269; 
Elizabeth, 88, 155; Enoch, 228; 
Frances, 76, 134; Frances Eliza- 
beth, 76; Gabriel, 229, 257; 
George Lawson, 76; Isabella, 
228; James, 171; Jane, 184; 
Jasper, 287; John, 64, 65 76, 
83, 88, 89, 98, 107, 108 ' 143, 
154, 155, 156, 254, 271; Jona- 
than, 89, 143, 174; Joseph, 76, 
87, 158; Margaret and Mar- 
gery, 64, 65, 76, 96, 129, 154, 
169; Mary, 89, 107, 114, 154; 
Michael, 125, 134, 154; Ralph, 
58, 73, 97, 110; Richard, 77; 
Robert, 129, 130, 140; Sarah, 
257; Stephen, 76; Thomas, 76, 
89, 229; William, 58, 97, 114, 
133, 156, 184, 269, 271, 272; Mr., 
120; Captain, 271, 278, 291 

Hamilton, Marquess of, 28, 41; of 
Innerwick, 26 

Hand (Hands), Margaret, 70, 107; 
Thomas, 107 

Harle, Anne, 262; Joseph, 262 

Harrington, William Stanhope, 
first Earl, 209 

Harrison, Anne, 73, 162; Dorothy, 
173; Elizabeth, 55, 81, 87,. 89, 
92, 108, 111, 148; George, 121, 
127; Isabel, 262; John, 73, 107, 



114, 117, 121, 140, 162; Joseph, 
97; Margaret, 82, 117; Mary, 
69; Michael, 128; Richard, 92,. 
Ill, 69, 120; Rowland, 107; 
Stephen, 111 ; Susan,' 72 ; 
Thomas, 144; William, 111; 
Sergeant, 283, 284, 291, 292; 
Parson, 267, 274 

Harry, Edmund, 63; Edward, 63; 
Frances, 63, 120; James, 60, 77, 
100, 120, 149, 161; Jane, 94, 98„ 
161; John, 63, 84, 149, 158; 
Peter, 60 

Harstein, John, 46 

Hart, Joseph, Ensign, killed at 
Hexham riot, 256, 257, 258, 260 

Hanson, Sergeant, 278 

Hatfield, Bishop of Durham, 13 

Haven, Henry, 70 

Hawdon, Alice, 112, 133; Cuth- 
bert, 112, 113: Elizabeth, 112; 
Frances, 112, 113; Grace, 128; 
Isabel, 112; Jane, 112; Mar- 
garet, 112; Ralph, 112; Rich- 
ard, 112; William, 112 

Hawkins, Edward, 2 

Hawksworth, Walter, 76 

Heath, Barbara, 133; Dorothy, 
130; Elizabeth, 142; John, 142;. 
. Nicholas, 130, 133 ; Ralph, 130 ; 
Mr., 20 

Hedley, Catherine, 119 

Hedworth, Eleanor, 169; Mar- 
garet, 173; Ralph, 169, 173 

Heelis, Jane, 258; John, 258 

Hegg, John, 90 

Heighington, Ambrose, 105, 135 ; 
Catherine, 105, 135; Cuthbert,. 
136; Elizabeth, 135, 166; Fran- 
ces, 79, 108, 130, 135, 162; John, 
95, 171; Margaret, 143; Mary, 
87, 135; Michael, 127, 135; 
Musgrave, 135; William, 79. 91, 
105, 130, 135, 143, 162, 166; Mr.,. 
108 

Henderson, Margaret, 82; — , 275 

Hendry, Anne, 82; Cuthbert, 82, 
138; Frances, 82; Hammond, 
82, 138; Isabel, 82; Mary, 82;. 
Mitford, 82; Philadelphia, 82 

Hengist, 217 

Henry, I., 235 

Henry II., 215, 216 

Henry III., 230 

Henry IV., 222 

Henry VIII., 218 

Hepple, John, 259 

Herbert, Count, father of St- 
William of York, 4 



314 



Heriot, Captain, 274 

Heron, Anne, 258; Elizabeth, 143 
275; James, 45;' John, 221, 275 
Mary, 45; Ralph, 180, 258 
William, 278 

Heron-Middleton, Mary, 293; Sir 
Thomas, 293 

Hertford, Francis, Marquess of, 
4; Isabella, Marchioness of, 4 

Heslop, Dorothy, 145; Elizabeth, 
83, 167; William, 83, 167, 259; 
E. 0. cited, 18, 24 

Hetherington, Dorothy, 87 ; John, 
111 

Hewitson, William, 72 

Hewson, Robin, 265; William, 72 

Hickson, Catherine, 158; John, 
124 

Highley, Nathaniel, 58; Porting- 
ton, 58 

Hillman, Captain Thomas, 157 

Hills, Hilda, 95; Richard, 140; 
William, 155; widow, 96 

Hilyard (Hilliard), Joseph, 154 

Hilton, Anne, 90, 113, Cuthbert, 
115, 170 ; Dorothy, 113 ; Eleanor, 
129; Jane, 115/170; Lancelot, 
113, 115, 129; Marv, 113; 
Robert, 105, 115; William, 113 

Hinde, Eliz e 113; Oswald, 277 

Hindmarsh, John, 187 ; Julia, 187 ; 
Mrs., 268. See Hymers 

Hinghew the Dane, 242 

Hirdman, Mrs., 277 

'-Hobby Pellel/ 14 

Hoby, Sir Thomas, 5 ; Lady, 5 ; 
Mr., 43 

Hodges, C. C, cited, 239 

Hodgson, Albert, 93; Anne, 131; 
Charles, 70, 131; Edward, 72, 
86, 106, 130, 150; Eleanor, 70, 
131; Elizabeth, 93, 106, 131; 
Frances, 271; George, 70, 125, 
131; James, 207; John, 70, 
131, 182, 207; Margaret, 87; 
Mark, 70, 131, 149; Matilda, 70, 
125, 131; Nicholas, 70, 108, 131; 
Peter, 70, 131; Ralph, 271; 
Ruth, 182; Sarah, 108; Stephen, 
72, 151; Thomas, 89, 218; Wil- 
liam, 70. 131, 150; Rev. J. F. 
cited, 9, 202, 204, 249 

Hodgson Hinde, John, cited, 79, 
182, 217 

Hogarth, Henry, 259 

Holden, Humphrey, 150 

Holder, Elizabeth, 198 

* Hold-my-staff ' John, 74 ; Magda- 
len. 148 



Holland, Isabel, 147; Jacob, 66, 
97; Margaret, 1; Matthew,' 98; 
Richard, 1; Thomas, 66 

Holloway, John, 185; Sir Richard, 
185 

Holme (Holmes), Margaret, 95; 
Ralph, 161; Richard, 151; 
Thomas, 97 

Home of Dunglas, 25 

Home, Earl of, 25 

Home, John, author of Douala*, 
221, 263 

Home, Sir Thomas, 25 

Homphrey, Elizabeth, 56; John, 
56 

Hood, Elizabeth, 65; John, 65 

Hopper, Cuthbert, 141; Elizabeth, 
90, 153; Frances, 93, 174; Jane, 
95, 138; Margaret, 90; Thomas, 
71, 121, 152, 153, 166 

Horseman, Timothy, 136 

Hornsby, Richard, 98; — , 268 

Hotspur, 227 

Howey of Wooler Haugh-head, 291 

Howard, Sir Edward, 219; James, 
259; Lord Thomas, 218; Wil- 
liam (Lord William), 20, 226 

Hubba the Dane, 242 

Hubback, Alice, 132; Catherine, 
107, 132; Elizabeth, 132; Fran- 
ces, 132; James, 132; John, 107, 
132, 269, 279, 280, 293; Joseph, 
132; Mary, 132, 264; Matilda, 
132; Mally, 264, 281; Robert, 
264; Samuel, 132; Mrs., 82 

Hubbart, — , 270 

Hude, Elizabeth, 65; John, 65 

Hudson, Charles, 63, 70, 164, 174; 
Elizabeth, 164; John, 264, 279 

Hudspeth, Edward, 125; Mar- 
garet, 125 

Hugal, Thomas, 157 ; William, 
157 

Hull, James, 171; John, 126 Ur- 
sula, 126 

Hume (Humes), Alexander, 84, 
142; Anne, 22; Elizabeth, 22: 
George 110, 116, 117; George, 
Earl of Dunbar, 22, 25; Isabel, 
110, 117; Sir James, 22; Jane, 
143; John, 117; William, 117, 
122; Parson William, 115; 
Lord, 219 

Humphrey, Mr., 291 

Hungate, Ralph, 6; William, 6 

Hunsdon, Henry Bara, 10, 11 

Hunt, Dean of Durham, 13 

Hunter, Anthony, 267; Esther, 
267; Frances, 187 ; Isaac, 267; 



315 



John, 70; William, 267; Dr., 
274, 276, 277, 284, 288, 294; — , 
293 

Huntley, Anne, 169; Dorothv, 
71; George, 143; John, 96; 
Mary, 79; Richard, 79, 167, 169 

Husband, Thomas, 275, 283 

Huson, Anne, 86; Michael, 77, 
129; William, 72 

Huss, John, 10 

Hutchinson, Anthony, 119, 126 ; 
Barnabas, 144 ; Bernard, 127 ; 
Catherine, 172; Cuthbert, 100, 
101; Dorothv, 156; Eleanor, 59; 
Elizabeth, 133; Frances, 61, 133, 
181; Hugh, 61, 79, 110, 138; 
Jane, 59, 71, 94, 100, 144, 163; 
John, 59, 97, 150, 167; Jona- 
than, 56, 69, 182, 186; Joseph, 
80, 149; Margaret, 77, 126, 145, 
150; Mary, 126; Nicholas, 77, 
79, 126, 140; Ralph, 110, 292; 
Richard, 62, 71, 107, 122, 133, 
134, 153, 163, 170, 174; Robert, 
152; Ruth, 182; Simon, 74, 133; 
Thomas, 156; Thomasin, 62, 
88; William, 134, 138, 181, 186, 
188; Mr., 120; Mrs., 110; — , 
152; William the historian, 262, 
263; Private, 269 

Hutton, Anthony, 7; Sir Ralph, 
7; Thomas, 46 

Hymers, Edward, 266, 275 ; Jane, 
84; Robin (Robert), 259, 262, 
263, 265, 266, 268, 278, 280, 284, 
288; Mr., 267. See Hindmarsh 



Ida, King, 217 

Ingham, .fane, 71 

Ingleby, Margaret, 169; William, 

96, 167, 169 
Ingram, Sir Arthur, 4; Charles, 

4; Isabella, 4 
Irwin, Charles, Viscount, 4 
Isaacson, Anthony, 181; Margaret, 

181 
Ive, Edward, 187; Elizabeth, 176, 

187 ; Margaret, 187 ; Roger, 176, 

187 



Jackson, Anne, 72, 115; Elizabeth, 
71, 159; Gabriel, 121; George, 
71, 72, 80; Jacob, 71; John (Sir 
John), 57, 115, 122, 127, 133, 142, 
206; Margaret, 95; Marv, 87, 



121, 122; Martin, 147; Ralph, 
158, 159; Robert, 129; Thomas, 
85, 130; Mrs., 169 

James I. (VI. of Scotland), 11, 21, 
24, 25, 31, 34, 40, 216 

James II., 68, 183, 184, 187 

James IV. of Scotland, at Flodden, 
218, 219 

James V. of Scotland, 29 

James VI. of Scotland, 21 

James, William, 206 

Jane, Queen of Scots, 230 

Jefferson, Anne, 106, 180; Anth- 
ony, 106; Elizabeth, 84, 106, 
144, 180; James, 106; Jane, 
106; John (Sir John), 106, 159, 
180; Margaret, 106, 159; Marv, 
180; Matthew, 180; Philip, 284; 
Richard, 106, 180; Thomas, 106, 
113, 159, Mr., 108; — , 68 

Jeffreys, Lord, 254 

Jenison (Jennison), Barbara, 184; 
George, 264; Henrv, 184; 
Ralph (Sir Ralph), 182 ," 184, 188 

Jenner, Thomas (Sir Thomas), 187 

Jennings, Anne, 268 

Jerome of Prague, 10 

Jewell, Bishop, 10 

Jobson, Christian, 95 

Johnson, Alice, 76, 138; Alan, 
154; Alexander, 257; Anne, 161; 
Barbara, 149; Catherine, 144; 
Christian, 95, 259; Frances, 85; 
George, 259, 260; John, 82, 
144; Margery, 265; Mary, 276, 
286; Robert, 140, 149, 268; 
Sarah, 85, 257; William, 161, 
181; Mr., 263; — , 259 

Jolley, Christopher, 139 

Jones, Anne, 23; Catherine, 22; 
Elizabeth, 22, 23; Henry, 22, 
23; Jane, 22; Peter, 22, 23 

Jopling, Dorothy^ 80; George, 
103; John, 51 

Jordan, Anne, 86 

Joyce, — , minor canon of Durham, 
100 

Justice, John, 90, 147; Mary, 147 



Jane, 96. See Cay 
Keene, Bishop of Ely, 209 
Keenlyside, Anne, 285; John, 

105; Richard, 121; Thomas, 

115 
Kell, Edward, 266, 269, 283, 284; 

George, 266; James, 291; Mr., 

266 



316 



Kempe, D., 200; Elizabeth, 74, 

133 
Kennedy, Sir Alexander, 44; Mar- 
garet, 41 ; Sir Thomas, 44 
Kennet, Anne, 89, 143; William, 

89, 143 
Key (Keys), Barbara, 85; Thomas, 

127; William, 167; Mrs., of 

York, 3, 49 
Killingworth, Luke, 182; Mehi- 

tabel, 182 
King, Edward, 140 
Kirby, John, 124; Private, 286 
Kirkby, Edward, 122; Elizabeth, 

112, 122; George, 117, 136; Mary, 

136 
Kirkhouse, Elizabeth, 97; Henry, 

71; John, 82; Margaret, 71 
Kirkley (Kirkley), Elizabeth, 70; 

Frances, 77; John, 136; Ralph, 

78; William, 70 ? 131 
Kitchen, Frances, 60, 71; Frank, 

60; Stephen, 265; Mr., 59 
Kitfield, Clement, 84 
Kitson, Clement, 84 
Knaggs, Elizabeth, 89 ; Margaret, 

84; Robert, 124; William, 126 
Knatchhill, William, prebendary 

of Durham, 196 



Lackenby, Simon, 121; I., 157 

Laidler, Catherine, 72; Clement, 
149; Margaret, 70; Nicholas, 
103, 119 ; Thomas, 149 ; William, 
135 

Lamb, Christopher, 132; Eliza- 
beth, 132; Frances, 56, 172; 
John, 61, 72, 153, 172, 173; Mar- 
garet, 173; Mary, 172; Phila- 
delphia, 173; Ralph, 173; Rich- 
ard, 61; Robert, 56, 172, 173; 
William, 173, 259; Mr., 267,275 

Lajnbton, Eleanor, 169; Eliza- 
beth, 20, 92; Henrv, 134, 169, 
181; Ralph, 20, 21 ; Susan, 20; 
Thomas, 92; William, 20; Mr., 
148 

Lampshaw, Cuthbert, 158; Jane, 
158 

Lampson, Anne, 158 

Lanchester, Isabel, 68 

Langlands, — , goldsmith, 290 

Langley, Bishop, 14 

'Lapper/ 71, 79, 156 

Lapsley, Dr., cited, 13 

' Lapthorne/ 71. See Lapper 



Lassells, Alice, 79; Dorothy, 79;. 

Frances, 79, 108, 135, 139, 162; 

Margaret, 79, 108; Thomas, 61,. 

79, 108, 135, 162; William, 61, 

79 
Latimer, Bishop, 10 
Latham, Lemuel, 192; Miss, 192 
Laud, Archbishop, 11 
Lauder, Dr., 283 
Laverick, — , 97 
Lawson, Sir Henry, 201; Robert y 

72 
Lax, Anthony, 147 
Lazenby, Elizabeth, 182; Ralph, 

182 
Leavers, Thomas, 83 
Ledger, Jane, 101 
Lee, Arthur, 210; James, 162; 

Jane, 96; Mary, 287, 288; Phil- 

lis, 69; Richard, 163; Thomas, 

95 ; Thomasin, 163 ; William, 95 ; 

Mr., 96, 108, 284; widow, 288 
Leghe, Anne, 184; John, 184 
Leighton, Henry, 259 
Lennox, Duke of, 28, 41 
Lesley, Barbara, 197; Catherine, 

197; Edward, 197; Elizabeth, 
♦197 ; Jacosa, 197 ; James, Bishop 

of Limerick, biography, 197 ; 

James, 62, 83 ; John, 197 ; Joyce, 

197; Mary Anne, 197; Richard, 

197 
Lewen (Lewens), Anne, 88, 154; 

Eleanor, 142; George, 88; Mar- 
garet, 88 ; Mary, 88 ; Sarah, 88 ; 

Thomas, 88, 154; William Bon- 
ner, 88 
Levingston, Jane, 259; Thomas, 

259; Sir William, 46 
Leviston and wife, 259 
Liddell (Liddle), Anthony, 276; 

Henry, 151; Mary, 151; esquire, 

86; Private, 280 
Lightbody, Anne, 93; Nicholson, 

93 
Lindsay, David de, builder of 

Dalley Castle 230; Archbishop,. 

40 
Linsley, Elizabeth, 77 
Lisle, Mary, 181; Robert, 181 
Lister, Elizabeth, 83; Martin, 

243; Mary, 81; Matthew, 83, 

139; Thomas, 86. See Lyster 
Littlefare, Alice, 94 
Littleton, Elizabeth, 73 
Livick, William, 160 
Lloyd, Mr. Justice, 281 
Lodge, Aby, 127; Anthony, 102, 

120; Benjamin, 59; Isabel, 59, 



317 



101; Margaret, 59; Merrell, 
102, 120; Mr., of Barnard 
Castle, 282 

Loftus, Elizabeth, 102; Thomasin, 
102 

Logan, John, 98 

Longfield, Elizabeth, 146; Thomas, 
146; Mrs., 146 

Longstaffe, George, 281; Jane, 
281; W. H. D., cited, 15, 119, 
181, 202, 239, 249 

' Long Tom/ 164 

Loraine of Hexham and of Beau- 
front, 258; Mary, 86; Sir 
Thomas, 258 

Lowes, Margaret, 277; William, 
277; Mr., 272, 288 

Lowth, Bishop Robert, prebend- 
ary of Durham, 197 

Lowther, Catherine, 71; Jane, 
174; John, 100, 147; Lancelot, 
174; Margaret, 128, 144; 
Thomas, 144, 165; Mr., 128 

Lumley of Lumley Castle, monu- 
ments of, 245; John, Lord, 245; 
Ralph, Lord-, 245; Ralph, 121; 
Lord, 15, 142; Mr., 246 

Lumsden, Mary, 190, 191 

Luther, 10 

Lynley, Sir Henry, 206 

Lyon, Charles, neglect of Bin- 
chester, 208; Jane, association 
with spiritualism, 208 

Lvon-Home, D. D., the spiritual^ 
ist, 208 

Lyster, Anthony, 197; Joyce, 197. 
See Lister 



M 



McCauley, Captain, 259 

M'Cleary, Samuel, 260 

McHaffie David, 46; Margaret 45 

MacKail,' William, 129 

MacKarty, John, 114 

McLean, Sergeant, 290 

MacLellan, Patrick, 43, 50 

Macho n, Anne, 161 ; Deborah, 
161; Eleanor, 161; Gilbert, 161; 
John, 161; Thomas, 161 

Madden, W T illiam, cited, 40, 41 

Maddison, Anne 69, 142, 155; Ed- 
ward, 61; Elizabeth, 60, 98, 114; 
George, 60; Henry, 114; John, 
59, 60, 61, 106, 108, 142, 151, 155, 
165; Mary, 70; Ralph, 137; 
William, 59 108, 151; 'Mad/ 
137 

Magnay, Christopher, alderman 
of London. 289 



Mainsforth, Elizabeth, 80 

Maland, Thomas, 167 

Malcolm III., 223 

Malory, Mr., of StudLey, 20 

Manchester, Earl of, 73 

Manners family, 218 

Manson, Richard, 144 

March, Patric, Earl of, 214; his 
wife, Derdere, 214 

Marchmont, Lord, 219, 266; his 
daughter, 266 

Marjoribanks (Marchbanks), Ed- 
ward, 214; Thomas, 46 

Marley, Catherine, 80; George, 
limner, 73; John, 16; 'Margaret' 
277; Robert, 132; R. 277- Wil- 
liam, 80, 112 

March, John, vicar of Newcastle, 
184 

Marshall, Catherine, 80; Chris- 
topher, 76; Elizabeth, 148; 
Jane, 274; John, 120; Margaret 
134; Matthew, 73, 75; Nicholas^ 
58; Thomas, 58, 134 274- Wil- 
liam, 129 

Martin, Dorothv, 100 116 159; 
Elizabeth. 100~, 142; 'George 78 
120; Grace, 100; John 79' 80' 

86, 100, 116, 143, 159;'Sainuei; 
100, 159; Thomas, 120, 133; 
Thomasin. 100, 109; Parson 86' 

87. 109. 142, 143, 159; Mrs, 133;' 
Miss, M. T., cited, 2 

Mary, Queen, 68, 138 

Mascal. Elizabeth, 67, 92 93 111 
115; Francis, 85, 92, 93; Han- 
nah, 92; Jane, 85, 92, 93 143; 
Margaret, 111; Mary, 67, 92 
115; Richard 92- Thomas 67 
85, 92. Ill, 115, 143; Alderman] 
111; Dowager, 85; General, 93 

Mason, Anne, 69; Catherine, 'l32. 
See Mayson 

Massom (Masom), John, 155; 
Mary, 121; Thomas, 121 

Maston, John. 87; William, 87 

Matthew, Bishop. 245 

Matthew (Matthews), Cuthbert, 
104*; Elizabeth, 104; Fortune 
104; Francis, 104; Isabel, 104; 
Margery, 104; Mary, 104; Re- 
becca 107; Richard, 103, 104; 
Thomas, 104; William 104; — , 
275 

Maud. Queen of Scots. 230 

Maudlin, Sergeant, 273, 280 

Maudle, M— , 259 

Maughan, Jane, 287; John, 89; 
Richard, 164; Stephen, 70 

Maxwell, of Innerwick, 26 



31$ 



Mayers, Thomas, coroner of North- 
umberland, 285 

Maylon, Thomas, 167 

Mayson, Catherine, 107; George, 
122; Isabel, 86; Matthew, 87, 
92; Nicholas, 139; William, 165 

Meaburn, Robert, 132 

Meadows, Anne, 272; John, 272 

Mensfield, Elizabeth, 80 

Merrington, Alice, 69 

Mewburn James, 283, 284; Jane, 
284; Mary, 283; Simon, 283, 284; 
Mr. 268, 288 

Mickleton, Christopher, 75, 113. 
133; Elizabeth, 125, 168; Fran- 
cis 125 134; James, 75, 125, 
133; Michael, 75, 134, 168; Mr., 
84, 142 

Middleton, Anne, 126, 162; De- 
borah, 74; Francis, 56, 65, 72, 
94 107 126, 156; George, 150; 
John, 73 74, 162, 163, 165; 
Mary, 107; Matthew, 152; 
Nathaniel, 73, 74, 162, 163; 
Thomasin, 163; Walter, 96; 
Mrs., 165 

Milbank, Mark, 180; Mary, 180 

Milburn, Andrew, 64; Dorothy, 
75; John, 64; Margaret, 167 

Miller (Milner), Andrew, 68, 140; 
Anne, 166; Jane, 123; John, 170; 
Peter, 63, 64, 85, 166; Thomas. 
63 99 

Mills (Milles), John, 178; Thomas, 
Bishop of Waterford, 199; Wil- 
liam, 84; Mrs., 177 

Minto, John, 259 

Mitchel, Alice, 161; Dorothy, 137; 
William, 93, 137 ; Bishop of Dur- 
ham's porter, 136, 144, 161, 169 

Mitford (Midford), Catherine, 265; 
Deborah, 285; Dorothy, 111; 
George 265- Jasper, 19; John, 
72, 111', 168, 285; Margaret, 19; 
Mary Russell, 265; Robert, 182 

Mole, John, 90; Commander, 90 

Molyneux, Lord, 235 

Montgomery, Sir Henry, 46; Vis- 
count, 46 

Montague, Elizabeth, 73; Hon. 
George, 73 ; Henry, Earl of Man- 
chester, 73 

Moody, Elizabeth, 91; John, 102 

Moor (More), Cuthbert, 90; Eliza- 
beth, 138; James, 276; John, 
161, 162 ; Peter, 54,87 ; Thomas, 138 

Morland, Cuthbert, 173; George, 
120; John, 114, 120; Margaret, 
114, 173; Thomasin, 120; Jus- 
tice, 108; Mrs.. 108 



Morston, Richard, 144 

Morton (Moreton, Murton), of 
Doddington, 290; Elizabeth, 23, 
68; George, 23, 179, 188; Henry, 
290; Jane, 23; Dr. John, 62; 
Ositha, 62; Richard, 9; Wil- 
liam, 145; Lord, 34; Mrs. of 
Doddington, 290 

Morton, Bishop of Durham, 9, 12, 
20, 49, 90 

Moslev, Edward, 254, 261; Row- 
land, 261; Mr., 278 

Mountain, Margaret, 171 ; John 
72 ; Thomas, 84, 97, 171 

Mowbray, Robert de, Earl of 
Northumberland, 242 

Murray, David, 259 

Murton. See Morton 

Musgrave, Catherine, 105, 135; 

Thomas, Dean of Carlisle, 105, 
115, 135 

Myres, Ambrose, 119, 135, 141; 
Anthony, 119; Elizabeth, 119, 
141 ; Frances, 135 

Mytton, Edward, 1 

N 

Nattrass (Natras), Isabel, 258; 
John, 258; Margaret, 72; 
Thomas, 86, 153 

Naylor, Dulcibella, 90; Arch- 
deacon John, 90; Mrs., 148 

Neaving, Thomas, 264 

Neile, Anne, 187; Sir Paul, 187; 
Sir Richard, 184, 187; Richard, 
Archbishop of York, 187 

Neilson, George, cited, 227 

Nelson, Ann, 164; Philadelphia, 
172; Peter, 164; Sarah, 124 

Nelthorp, George, 207; Mary, 207 

Newby, Anne, 124; Richard, 124 

Newcomen, Sir Beverly, 2 

Newhouse, Anne, 170 ; Barbara 
170; Frances, 170; Gabriel, 170 
George, 170; Jane, 115, 170 
Margaret, 170; Richard, 165, 
170; Robert, 115, 170; William, 
170 

Newton of Hawkwell, 267; Anne, 
267; Catherine, 267; Robert, 
267; Thomas, 267, 277, 282; 
William, architect, 222; Mr., 
287, 291 

Nicholas II., Pope, 39 

Nicholson of Loan-end, 277; Ed- 
ward, 81; Elizabeth, 80, 262; 
George, 133, 277, 278; John, 
275, 286; Ralph, 135; — , 267, 
285 



319 



Nixon (Nickson), Elizabeth, 263; 
Mary, 77; Martin, vicar of 
Haltwhistle, 263, and his daugh- 
ter, 263; Parson, 289; Mrs., 
292 

Noble, Elizabeth, 175; William, 
175 

Norman, Elizabeth, 149; Robert, 
63; William, 62, 63, 149; — , 81 

Northumberland, Earl of, 20, 217, 
224, 226, 229, 254; Duke of, 226, 
229, 254 

Norton, Catherine, 149; Roger, 
95, 149, 171 

Nowell, John, 93; Maria Dorothy, 
93 



Ogle, Anne, 270; Henry, 270 

Olivarez, Don, 11 

Oliver, Catherine, 258; Jane, 72; 

George, 264; John, 275; 

Michael, 124; Thomas, 288 
Ord, Anne, 270, 272; John, 272; 

William, 254, 270, 272; Captain, 

273 
Orange, William, Prince of, 68 
Orrick, Sergeant, 263 
Osea, 217 
Ossa, 217 
Oswin, King, 242 
Oswy, King, 242 
Ouchterlony (Awther Long), Sir 

James, 22 
Oxford, Anne, Countess of, 11 ; 

Edward, Earl of, 11; Elizabeth 

Countess of, 11 
Oxley, Amor, 167 
' Oyster Peg/ 77 



Padman, Mary, 127; Pexall, 138; 

Richard, 72, 105, 168; Robert, 

103, 127; Susanna, 81, 143; 

Mrs., 127 
Page, George, 140 
Palmer, Thomas, 69 
Papedy of Dunglas, 25 
Parker, — , 38 
Parkin (Parking), Elizabeth, 87; 

John, 92, 154; Mary, 154; 

Thomas, 74; Mrs., 74 
Parkinson, George, 69; Isabel, 

152; Thomas, 77 
Parsley, John, 108 
Partis, Matthias, 188; Mehitabel, 

182; Thomas, 182, 186, 188 



Patterson (Pattinson, Pattison)„ 
Anne, 147, 266; John (Sir John), 
255, 266; Margaret, 266; Peter, 
279, 281, 286; his wife and chil- 
dren, 286; Robert, 151, 169; 
Thomas, 259; William, 260;. 
Miss, 255, 258, 266 

Paulson, Anne, 59; James, 59; 
Jane, 175 

Paxton, Abraham, 75, 128; Anne,. 
70, 74, 131; Catherine, 75; De- 
borah, 74, 75; Dorothy, 116; 
Eleanor, 74, 83, 163; Elizabeth,. 

74, 75, 163; Margaret, 75; 
Nathaniel, 75; Nicholas, 70 74, 

75, 83, 123, 163; Ralph, 74^ 75, 
84; Richard, 75; Thomas, 74,. 
116, 161; Thomasin, 75; Wil- 
liam, 74, 123, 131 

Peacock, Anne, 144; Eleanor, 171; 
Elizabeth, 94; James, 167; Jane, 
90; John, 140; Simon 94, 144„ 
171; Mr., 75 

Pearson, Alice, 99; Anne, 165; 
Bryan, 84; Catherine, 99; Eliza- 
beth, 63; Francis, 96; Henry, 
99; Isabel, 89; Jane, 91; Mar- 
garet, 155; Mary, 91; Robert, 
155; Thomas, 75, 99, 171; Wil- 
liam, 63, 86, 129, 165 ; Laird, 129 

Pecton, Catherine, 155; Elizabeth, 
89; Thomas, 63, 86, 155 

Pelaw, Hobb of, 14 

' Pellel Hobby/ 14 

Pemberton, Mary, 206; Michael, 
206 

Pennington, Elizabeth, 207; Ro- 
bert, 207 

Pennyman, Joan, 109, 140; Wil- 
liam, 109, 140 

Pepper, Frances, 82 

Percival, Isabel, 97 

Percy, Agnes, 217; Sir Ralph, of 
Hedgleymoor, 221; W., 217; 
Bishop, 2 

Perkins, — , 10 

Perrot, James, 286; — Treasury 
solicitor, 273 

Pert, Elizabeth, 152; William, 
152 

Pescod, George, 183 

Philipson, John, 68, 148; Lucy, 
171; Thomas, 171 

Pickells, John, 183 

Pickering, George, 80 

Pitt, William, 198, 287 

Plumpton, John, 112 

Pococke, Richard, Bishop of Meath, 
Northern Journeys, 201-252; bio- 



320 



graphy, 199; other notices, 193; 
Elizabeth, sister of the Bishop, 
201, 203, 209, 214, 215, 220, 223; 
Kichard, master of Southamp- 
ton school, 199 

Pope, Mr., 254 

Porter, Anne Maria, 160; Eleanor, 
84; Jane, 160; John, 160; Prin- 
cess Maria, 160; Sir Robert Ker, 
160; William Ogilvie, 160 

Potts, William, 266, 288 

Poulson, James, 64, 163; Mar- 
garet, 163 

Poulton, Dorothy, 72 

Powell, John (Sir John), 185, 186; 
Mr., 127 

Power, Thomas, 117, 162; Mrs., 
162 

Pratt, William, 255, 258, 266 

Preston, William, 71 

Price, Mr., 112 

Pringle of Lees, 214; James, 214 

Proctor, Mrs., 268 

Pudsay, Bishop of Durham, 13, 14, 
202; his brother, 246 

Punshon, George, 191 

Pyne, George, silversmith, 240 

P. W.. 5, 6 



B 



Rabbet, Elizabeth, 55, 175 

Rackett, Elizabeth, 164; John, 
164; Mary, 164 

Radcliffe, Anne, 93; Bridget, 93; 
Elizabeth, 93; Sir Francis, 186; 
Henry W., 93; Jane, 93; John, 
93; Margaret, 93; Maria Doro- 
thy, 93; Sir Nicholas, 93; 
Thomas, 186 

Raisbeck, Margaret, 75 

Raine (Rayne), Charles, 137; Cuth- 
bert, 59, 81, 121; Elizabeth, 80, 
81; Emma, 57; Rev. James, 
cited 9, 14, 22, 113, 246, 247; 
John, 57, 59, 114, 121 

Ralph, ' Bishop, 217 

Ramsay, Christopher, 74; George t 
278; John, 188; Patrick, 279; 
William, 181; Dean, cited, 35 

Ramshaw, Christopher, 74; John, 
152, 166 

Rashell, Dorothy, 91 

Raw (Rawe), John, 109; Richard, 
58; Mr., 120; Mrs., 144. See 
Rowe 

Rayne. See Raine. 

Rea (Reah), James, 75; John, 140, 
211- William. 75 



Redpath (Reedpath, Rippeth), 
George, landlord of the Red 
Lion, Berwick, and of the Press, 
Berwickshire, 271, 279, 291 

Reed of Chipchase, 232* 

Reed, Anne, 68; Archibald, 92; 
Catherine, 68; Catherine Esther 
68; Christopher, 254, 259, 260," 
265, 268. 270, 271, 272; Edward 
John, 68; Hannah, 92; Isabel, 
68, 105; James, 283; Jane, 65, 
88; John, 87, 92, 95, 254, 281; 
Joseph (Captain), 276, 285; 
Mary, 68 ; Richard, 159 ; Robert, 
68, 105; Thomas, 65, 68, 91, 283, 
284; William (Sir William), 22, 
100 170; Captain and Mr., 29 
273^ 274, 277, 282, 283 286, 287 
292 : Mrs., 288; — . 88' 

' Refeld,' Sir George, architect, 241 

Rennoldson, Christopher, 120 ; 
George, 62; Ralph, 59, 62, 71; 
Thomas, 59, 85, 160; Thomasin, 
147 

Renny, Margaret, 90 

Revnolds, Edward, 207; Mary, 207 

Richard I., 13 

Richard II., 245, 246 

Richardson, Anne, 58, 94, 96, 152; 
Daniel, 91; Dorothv, 65; Eliza- 
beth, 79, 88, 94, 129, 155; Fran- 
ces, 64 91, 175; George, 150; 
James 63, 85 132; John, 58, 60 
65, 88.' 94, 96, 110, 117, 125, 152, 
155, 164; Joseph, 60; Margery 
and Margaret, 105, 164; Mary, 
63; Mathilda. 132; Moses Aaron, 
2, 178; Nicholas, 63, 64, 65, 158; 
Robert, 63; Thomas, 65, 83, 165; 
'Little Thorn/ 129; William 
116 141- Mr., 125 277, 280, 283, 
284'; Mrs., 277, 284 

Riddell of Swinburn, 232; Sir 
Thomas, 16 

Ridley, Arthur, 132; Elizabeth, 
70; George, 100, 111, 130; John. 
180; Martha, 180; Matthew, 
190, 261; Nicholas, 180, 188; 
Sarah, 261; Thomas, 95; Wil- 
liam, 259; Viscount, 180; Alder- 
man,' 256, 257; Bishop, 10 

Riley, the painter, 185 

Ripley, John, 80; William, 94 

Rippa, Mary, 96 

Rippeth. See Redpath 

Rippon, Dorothy, 136; Henry, 58; 
Ralph, 58 

Robert III., 216 

Robert, Duke, son of the Con- 
queror, 244 



321 



Roberts Nicholas, 268, 274; Mr.. 
291, 292 

Robertson, Alexander, 173; Eliza- 
beth, 291; Philadelphia, 173 

Robinson of Herrington, 146; 
Anne, 82; Edward, 114; Eliza- 
beth, 74; John, 55, 56, 133; Mar- 
garet, 55, 90, 98; Martha, 96; 
Mary, 91; Robert, 56; Thomas, 
77; Lawyer, 150 

Robley, Rev. W., 288 

Robson Anne, 85; Averill, 125; 
Elizabeth, 92, 180, 275; George, 
275; Henry, 71; Jacob, 279; 
James, 92, 122; Jane, 180, 187; 
Mary, 180; Margaret, 98, 105; 
Matthew, 268; Philip, 92; 
Robert, 125; Roger, 259; Tim- 
othy 180, 184, 187 188 ; Thomas, 
259; Ursula, 84; William, 180, 
264, 276 289; his wife, 289; 
Mr., 277, 280; Parson, 92 

Roe, John,' 259 

'Robblaw/ Mrs., 288 

Roche (Roches), Anne, 84; — , 275 

Roddam, Hugh, 86; Robert 257; 
Sarah, 257, 266 

Roger, John, 181; Mary, 181 

Rollock, Principal Robert, 34 

Romer, Anne, 272; Collingwood, 
272; Frances, 278; Henry Clen- 
nell, 272; John (Captain), 271, 
272; John Lambertus, 271; John 
William 272; Margaret, 271, 
272; Mary, 272; Robert, 272 
278; Wolfgang, 271 

Roper, Mary, 83; Robert, 165 

Rose (Roses, Ross), Margaret, 
130; William, 103 

Ross. See Rose. 

Rowe, Jane, 144; John, 144; 
Richard, 144. See Raw 

Routledge, Henry, 171; Jane, 175; 
John, 94, 98, 175; Margery, 129; 
Ralph, 129, 132; — , 288 

Rowell, Alexander, 71; Catherine, 
68, 111; George, 145; James, 
163; Jane, 145; John, 75, 141, 
170; Joseph, 259; Ralph, 71, 
172; Robert, 259; Peter, 149; 
Thomas, 83, 139; W T illiam 109, 
111; Mr., 263 

Rowland, Jane, 78, 159; Thomas, 
78, 159 

Roxburgh. Duke of, 26 

Roxby, William, 62 

Rudd, Edward, 139; Laetitia, 139 

Ruddock, Elizabeth, 207; Isabella 
258; Jane, 258; Nicholas, 258;' 
Robert. 207 . 



Rugg, Catherine, 22; Jane, 22, 
Captain Robert, of Holy Island, 
22, 23 

Rumney, Abraham, master of Aln- 
wick school, 262, 279- Anne, 
262; George, 278, 279; Isabel, 
262; John, 188; Joseph, master 
of Berwick school and vicar of 
Berwick, 262, 263, 270, 282, 291, 
293; Peter, master of Hexham 
school, 262 

Russell, Robert, 82 

Rutherford, Thomas, 282; Wil- 
liam, 259; 

Ruthven, Sir John, 25; John, Earl 
of Gowrie, 31 

Rutland, Duke of, 218 

Rutter, Elizabeth 137; Isaac 137; 
Robert, 184 



'Sackless Willy/ 92, 156 

Saint Andrews, archbishop of, 27. 
28 

Saint Bega, 250 

Saint Cuthbert, 14, 20, 23, 218, 234, 
245 

Saint Hilda, 250 

Saint Oswald, the king, 234, 235 

Saint Oswin, 242 

Saint Wilfrid, 234 

Salkeld, Anne, 113; Elizabeth, 78 ; 
Frances, 79; Nicholas, 188; 
Ralph, 113 

Salmon, Mr., 269, 285 

Salvin, Anne, 161; Anthony, 161, 
171; Eleanor, 171; Gerard, 142; 
Nicholas, 142; Mr., 120; 
'Duck's/ 142 

Sancroft, Archbishop, 129 

Sanders, Cuthbert, 140 ; John, 148 

Sanderson, Catherine, 180; Chris- 
tian, 95, 158; Christopher, 75, 
95, 180; Dorothy, 76, 142; 
James, 264; Jane, 176; Philip, 
95; Thomas, 259; William, 142 

Savage, Dean, cited, 248 

Scarborough, Lord, 159 

Scherbatoff, Princess Maria, 160 

Schiddell, George, 259 

Scott, George, 269, 285; G. G 
cited, 202; Margaret, 163, 283, 
Mary, 75 ; Michael, 259 ; Robert, 
90; Thomas, 287; William, 90, 
259, 264; Dr., 285; — of Whit- 
tingham, 289 

Scruton, Dorothy, 111 

Scurfield of Hurworth, 146 ; Alice, 
133 ; Anne, 144 ; Jane, 180 ; 

21 



322 



William (discoverer of copperas), 
144, 170, 252 

Selby, Anne, 257; Gabriel (Cap- 
tain), 254, 257, 260 263, 271, 272 
278; Gerard, 257; John, 119; 
Robert, 170; Sarah, 257; Mr. 
270 ; of Pawston, 257 

Seton, Baron, 27; Alexander, Earl 
of Eglington, 43 ; Margaret, 
266; Sir William, 266 

Sicgan, the Patrician, 234 

Sidgewick (Sedgewick), Grace, 
147; John, 147; William, 78, 
147 

Sigga, 234 

Silvertop, George, 271; Mary, 271 

Simpson, Elizabeth, 20, 272; John, 
74, 99, 121; Margaret, 205; 
Ralph, 20, 21; Robert, 205; 
Simon, 272; William, 74; Mrs., 
80 

Sinclair, George, 282 

Shacklock, John, 111 ; Richard, 
144 

Shadforth, Elizabeth, 139; Mar- 
garet, 114; Mary, 97; Thomas, 
114, 139; Mr., 97 

Shafto, Anne, 180 ; Catherine, 189 ; 
Edward, 264, '282; Elizabeth, 
276; George, 282; John, 274, 
276; Mark, 189; Robert (Sir 
Robert), 189; W T illiam, 180, 265, 
268, 274, 276, 293 ; Mr., 264, 267, 
268, 273, 276, 280, 283, 285, 287; 
Mrs., 264, 269, 275, 277, 280, 287 

Sharp, Sir Cuthbert, cited, 20; 
George, 284; Thomas (Arch- 
deacon), 91, 196, 224, 272; Dr., 
28; Rev., 279 

Shaw, Alexander, 131, 156; Anne, 
57; Eleanor, 59; Frances, 104; 
John (Sir John), 45, 84; 
Matthew, 59, 69; Mrs., 156 

Sheffield, Amcotts (Cotey), 154; 
Christopher, 154; Eleanor, 78; 
George, 61, 77; Jane, 22; John, 
61; Nicholas, 84; Philadelphia, 
22; Thomas, 22 

Shell, Miss, 282, 292 

Shenley, James, 35 

Shepherd, Dorothy, 119, 175; 
Jane, 78; William, 115 

Sherwood, Anne, 142; Judith, 72; 
Margaret, 71; Mary, 84; 
Ralph, 66, 142, 164; Thomas, 
179; W T illiam, 66, 95 

Shield (Shields^ Henry 150; John, 
279; Mary, 150 

Shires, George, 134 



Shotton, William, 259 
Shuttleworth, Elizabeth, 138; 

Lucy, 171; Margaret, 142; 

Nicholas, 138, 171; Sir Richard, 

142; Mr., 109 
Skeffington, Cicely, 1 ; Sir William, 

Skinner, Anne, 135; Elizabeth, 
164; Jacob, 164; Mary, 80; 
Thomas, 104, 135, 166; Mr., 83, 
86, 96 

Skirry (Skerry), Christopher, 105, 
157; Margaret, 157 

Sleath, Gabriel, silversmith, 240 

Smales, Anne, 93; Francis, 93 

Smart, Barbara, 79; James, 81, 
143; John, 79 

Smith, Abraham, 85; Anne, 154, 
285; Anthony, 104; Belah, 137; 
Dorothy, 98; Edward (Sir Ed- 
ward), 133; Elias, 141; Eliza- 
beth, 87, 88; Ephraim, 93; 
Frances, 253; George, 283; 
G. A., cited, 173; Henry, 141; 
Jane, 174 ; John, 77, 99, 138, 144, 
145; Joseph, 146; Magdalen, 
148; Margaret, 172, 258; Mary, 
136, 145; Martin, 198; Peter, 
293; Ralph, 85, 155, 264, 281, 
293; Richard, 73; Robert, 166; 
Tamar, 141; William, 253, 258, 
264, 285, 289; Dr. (Robert), 265, 
269, 276, 281, 283, 288; Mr. 264 
281, 288, 293; Mrs., 264, 265 283] 
285, 293; Corporal, '263*; of 
HaugMon Castle, notice of, 289 

Snaith, Isabel, 117; William, 117; 
Mrs., 99 

Snowball, — , 267 

Snowdon, Barbara, 123; Cathe- 
rine, 188; James, 119; John, 
118; Magdalen, 119; William, 
123, 132 

Softley (Sofley), Joseph, 61; 
Mary, 191; Richard, 58, 59, 61; 
Thomas, 61; William, 58, 59 

Somerset, Duke of, 226 

Sonkey, Dorothy, 100, 159; 
Thomas, jailor at Durham, 100, 
159 

Soulsby, Christopher, 254, 265; 
Mary, 265; Ralph, 265, 266, 267, 
268, 269, 272, 273; Mr., 273, 274, 
275, 276, 277, 281, 283, 284, 288, 
293; Mrs., 276, 277, 281 

Southern, Eleanor, 125; John, 125 

Spain, King and Queen of, 11 

Spearman, Elizabeth, 75, 165, 168; 
Gilbert, 155 ; Hannah, 94 ; John, 



323 



75, 117, 165, 168 ; Margaret, 155 ; 
Mary, 155; Michael, 117; 
Robert, 94, 165 

Spenceley, Anne, 87 

Spicer, William, surgeon at Ber- 
wick, 24 

Spoor, James, 276 

Spottiswood, Archbishop John, 27, 
40; Robert, 27 

Sprimont, Nicholas, silversmith, 
240 

Squire, Mary, 179, 180; John, 179, 
180, 185; Sampson, 179 

Stagg, Alice, 133; William, 133 

Stanhope, James, first Earl of, 
209 ; Sir Philip, Earl of Chester- 
field, 209; William, Earl of Har- 
rington, 209 

Stanley, Sir Edward, 219; Dean, 
cited, 247, 248 

Stanton, Mr., of Leeds, 261 

Stapleton, Anne, 19; Bryan, 113; 
Gilbert, 19; Elizabeth, 113; 
Mark, 19; Miles, 113 

Starfoot, Barbara, 78; Henry, 88 

Stead, Benjamin, 257 ; Martha, 257 

Stelling, Edward, 148; Jane, 95; 
Robert, 77, 122 

Stephen, King, 4, 251 

Stephenson (Steavenson), Alice, 
152; Ambrose, 76; Anne, 76; 
George, 153 ; Humphrey, 156 ; 
John, 278; Richard, 80; Robert, 
157, 254, 278 ; Rev. Thomas, 253 ; 
William, 145; Ensign, 267, 278; 
Mr., artist, 178 

Sterne, Jaques, prebendary of 
Durham, 196; Lawrence, 196; 

Stewart, John, Earl of Traquair, 
34; Viscount Eglington, 265; Sir 
John, 57; Thomas, 279; of 
Innerwick, 26 

Stobbs, Elizabeth, 85 

Stockdale, Christian, 279; Perci- 
val, 278, 279, 280; Thomas, 278 

Stoddart, Rev. Charles, 288 

Stokeld, Anne, 101; Daniel, 101; 
Jane, 101; John, 101; Mary, 69; 
Thomas, 101; Timothy, 101 
Stokoe, Alexander (incumbent of 
St. John Lee), 276; Frank, 275; 
Thomas, 285; Parson, 280, 281, 
284, 286, 288, 293 
Stonehewer, Anne, 82; Richard, 

82 
Stony, Andrew Robinson (after- 
wards Bowes), 240 
Stott, Anne, 122; Elizabeth, 71; 
George, 168; Hugh, 71, 108; 



John, 72, 120, 130; Magdalen, 
72; Matthew, 72, 151; Michael, 
96; Timothy (Slim Tym), 122, 
124 

Story, Anthony, 173; John, 84, 
259; Sergeant, 291, 292; Mr., 
263 

Stout, Abraham, 155; Alice, 75; 
Anne, 86; Anthony, 116; Cuth- 
bert, 117, 135, 136; Edmund, 
168 ; Edward, 77, 168 ; Elizabeth, 
136; Isabel, 164; John, 62, 134, 
135; Philip, 62, 75; Rowland, 
75; William, 85 

Strafford, Earl of, 42 

Strangeways, John, 183 

Strathmore, John, Earl of, 240; 
Lady, 240 

Stukely, — , 236 

Sudbury, John, Dean of Durham, 
110 

Suffolk, Earl of, 22, 25 

Surrey, Earl of, 218, 219, 221 

Surtees, Anthony, 256; Catherine, 
267; Edward, 180; Frances, 
180; Frances, 180; M— , 286; 
William, 65, 166; — , 293; 
General, owner of Bee's Diary, 
54 

Sutheron, John, 134 

Sutton, Frances, 149; Judith, 133; 
Mr., 133, 145 

Swainston, Anne, 63, 81; Eliza- 
beth, 65, 81; Gabriel, 62, 64, 65, 
66, 81 ; Margaret, 64, 81 ; Marv, 
62, 66, 81 

Swalwell, Thomas, 78 

Swan, Elizabeth, 73; George, 
postmaster at Newcastle, 19, 49 

Sweedle, Alice, 90 

Swinburn, Sir John, 231 ; Teresa, 
231; Mr., 81 



Tankerville, Earl of, 222 

Tate, George, cited, 20 

Tatham (Taytham)^ Anne, 94; 
154; Mary, 86; Robert, 86, 94 

Taylor, Anne, 97; Edward, 287; 
Elizabeth, 93; Jane, 77; Jeremy, 
185; John, 83, 114, 145; Joseph, 
279; Joyce, 145; Mary, 169; 
Stephen, 95, 97; Thomas, 91, 147; 
William, 78, 165 

Taylorson, Elizabeth, 139; Fran- 
ces, 59 139; Margaret, 59; 
Thomas,' 59, 71, 87, 139 



324 



Teasdale, Dorothy, 141; Eliza- 
beth, 265 280; Isabel, 142; 
Jane, 72, 108; Mary, 264; Mat- 
thew, 142; Ralph, 110, 124; 
Thomas, 265 280; Attorney, 
117; — 276 

Tempest, Dorothy, 142; Elizabeth 
78; Jane, 67; John, 67, 97, 142; 
Margaret, 142; Sir Thomas, 
142; William (Captain), 96, 97, 
150; Mr. 142 

Temple, Sarah, 257; William, 216 
257, 270; Archbishop, 216, 257; 
Mr., 272, 292; Mr., jun., 279 

Thirkeld, *Anne, 118; Dorothy, 
118; Edward, 118; Eleanor, 118; 
Elizabeth, 118- Frances, 118; 
Hannah, 90, 118; Isabel, 119; 
John, 118, 119; Mary, 118; 
Taylor, 118; Thomas, 135; Wil- 
liam, 118, 119, 135 

Thomas, Dr., Dean of Westmin- 
ster, 253 

Thomlinson, John, the diarist, 
224; John, rector of Rothbury, 
224; Dr. Richard, 244 

Thompson, Anthony, 144, 162; 
Dorothy, 137; Eleanor, 96; Eliz- 
abeth, 122, 268; George, 136; 
John, 61, 77, 284; Margaret, 82 
144, 162; Stephen, 71, 123, 264, 
281; Thomas, 101; Mrs., 83; 
Captain, 116; Sergeant, 270 

Thornhaugh Elizabeth, 206; John 
206 

Thornton, Catherine, 130; Roger, 
73, 79, 82, 130; William, 131; 
Mr., 131 

Thorsby (Thursby), Paul, 78; 
Ralph, 78; Richard, 180 

Thorp, Anne, 164; Elizabeth, 262; 
Thomas, vicar of Berwick, 262, 
279 

Todd, Anne. 138; Cecily, 136; Isa. 
bel, 87; Margaret, 84", 142; Mat- 
thew, 138; Mr., 272 

Tone, Mary 287; Mr., 285 

Totton, Rev. William, 284 

Traquair, John, Earl of, 34 

Trentham Elizabeth, 11- Thomas 
11 

Trollop, Catherine, 172; Dorothy, 
172; Elizabeth, 98 172; Marv 
172, 174; James, 172; John, 172; 
Thomas, 57, 58, 62, 172, 174; 
Thomasin, 62, 172; William, 57, 
172 

Trotter, Catherine, 76; Edward 
76; John, 62, 81; Ralph 70, 127 



Trueman, 262, 275 

Tucker, Gertrude, wife of Bishop 
Warburton, 193, 198 

Tulip, Henry, 261, 273, 274; Mary, 
283; Mr., 258, 278, 282, 294 

Tunstall, Mrs., 140 

Turbit (Turbee), William, 137 

Turner, James, 276; Margaret, 87 

Tweddell (Tweddle), Anne, 74, 84 
Elizabeth, 167; Francis, 74, 166 
George, 62, 83, 84, 166, 167 
John, 62, 167; Thomas, 166 

Tyzack, Elizabeth, 88, 89; Tim- 
othy, 88, 89 

Unthank, Rachel, 138; William, 

145 
Urwin, David, 268; George, 279 
Usher, William, 259 
Ussie, Barbara, 55 
Utred, Provost of Hexham, 235 

V 

Vane, Anne, 161 ; George, 161 
Van Mildart, Bishop of Durham, 

208 
Vasey, Anthony, 134; Richard, 

69, 150; William, 84; Mr., 276- 
Vernol, Mary, 180 

W 

Wade, Isabel, 99; Mary, 69; 
Thomas, 75, 91, 126; General, 
198; and his natural daughter, 
198 

Waistell. See Wastell 

Wailes, John, 108; Magdalen, 108 

Wait, Patrick, vicar of Norham, 
218 

Wales, Prince of, 60, 185 

Walker Carlton, 263; Cooper, 2 
Elizabeth, 143; Grace, 79, 264 
Jacob, 58 ; James, 263 ; John, 130 
Michael, 78, 95, 123; Tabitha, 78 
Thomas, 58, 122; Mr., 289; Mrs.. 
289; of Broad Strother, 263 

Wall, Christopher, 87, 97, 168 

Wallis, Mr. of Edinburgh, 32 49 

Walsh, Elizabeth, 78 

Waltheof. the Earl, 236 

Walton, Anne, 156; Arthur, 154; 
Barbara 170; George, 69, 99; 
Hugh, 106, 170; Isabel, 154; 
John, 156, 236; Jonathan, 76, 
111; Margaret, 85, 106, 111; 
Mary, 93; Roger, 165; — , 96 

Wandesford, Christopher, 205 ; 
Elizabeth, 205 

Wanless, Henry, 127, 141 

Wappe, Margaret, 73 



325 



Warburton, William, Bishop of 
Gloucester; letters, 193, 198; 
biography, 193; other notices 
24; George, of Newark, 193; 
Mr., 193, 196; — , 254 

Ward, Anne, 270, 272; Honor, 
148; Mary, 69; Thomas, 148; 
William, 254, 270, 272; Mr. of 
Waterford, 8 

Warkworth, Lord, 283 

Wastell (Waistell), Rev. Henry, 
288; Margaret, 147 

Waterford, Marquess of, 242 
Watson, Anne 71, 77; Gabriel, 
70; Joseph 261; Judith, 83; 
Mary, 77, 8i, 138, 156; Stephen, 
254, 263; Thomas, 156, 290; Wil- 
liam 259; Captain 263, 283, 290 
291, 292; Corporal, 267; of North 
Seaton, 192 

Waugh, George, 287; Henry, 259; 
Nichol, 277, 281, 283, 285, 286, 
293 

Weames Thomas, 99 

Wear, Robert, 288; Mr., 275, 287, 
293 

Weardon, William, 163 

Weatherburn, Captain, 117 

Webster, Sergeant, 282; William, 
91 

Weddell, Andrew, 79; Arthur, 61 

Welbery, Elizabeth, 158 

Welford Richard, cited, 16/167 
168 171, 173, 179, 181, 182, 181 
191, 206 

Wells, Eleanor, 145; John, 85, 91, 
108, 145, 148; Magdalen, 108 

Welsh, Anne, 87; Elizabeth, 159; 
Gregory, 112, 132; Michael, 132; 
Robert. 143 

Wentworth, Lord, 42, 51 

Wesley, Rev. John, 88 

Westgarth, Ralph, 148 

Westmorland, Earl of, 20, 204 

Wetwang, Isabella, 183; John, 
183; Robert, 183 

Weyman, David, 50 

Wharton, Gilbert, 164; Jane, 97 
John, 105; Mary, 89, 154 
Richard, 141; Robert, 89 
Thomas, 154; Mr., 87; Dr., 154 

Wheatley, John, 156 

Whinfield, George, 189 

Whitfield, Christopher, 103; Eliza- 
beth, 165; Margaret, 103; 
Merrill, 120; Richard, 165 

White, Anne, 67, 146; Edward, cit- 
ed, 54, 90; Elizabeth, 265. 289; 
George, 265, 268, 269, 276, 280, 



293; Jane, 189; John, 75, 145, 
146, 185; Margaret, 89, 96, 291, 
292; Mary, 91, 156; Matthew (Sir 
Matthew), 189, 254, /59, 261 263 
269, 270, 271, 272 281 282, 291- 
Miles, 189; Robert, 66, 67 91, 
95, 96, 156; Sarah, 261; Teasdale, 
265, 280, 283, 285, 288; Thomas, 
98; Mr.. 276; 281 

Whitelock, William, 284 

Whitesmock, Mr., 75 

Whittaker, — , 10 

Whittingham, Mary 67, 92, 115; 
Timothy (Sir Timothy), 67, 92 
102; Thomas, 85, 146, 235; Wil- 
liam, 102, 115 

Whittle, John, 113; Mary, 156; 
Robert, 91, 156 

Wicliffe, 10 

Widdrington, Catherine 187; Ed- 
ward, 181, 186; Eleanor, 114, 
Henry (Sir Henry), 184; John, 
287; Lewis, 114; Mary, 181 • 
Ralph, 184, 186; Roger, 23; 
Thomas (Sir Thomas), 184, 189; 
William, 102, 181 

Wiggan, James, 273 

Wigton, Earl of, 38 

Wild, Elizabeth, 69; Jane, 161; 
Thomas, 94, 161 

Wilkinson, Alice, 175; Andrew 
69; Anthony, 161; Clement, US' 
161; Christina, 83; Christopher 
141; Cuthbert, 151; Deborah 
161; Dorothy, 86; Edward 280, 
Elizabeth, 81; George, 75 175, 
264, 279. 280, 281; Gilbert, 75; 
Grace, 164 ; John, 87 ; Mary, 111 
157; Richard, 113; Robert 265;' 
Roger, 83, 143, 151, ' 164; 
Thomas. 127; Mr., 62, 152 

Willey, William, 259 

William the Conqueror, 217 244 

William Rufus, 242 

William III., 271 

William the Lion, King of Scots, 
215, 216, 223 

William St., Archbishop of York, 
4 

Williamson, Andrew, 112; Anne, 
112; Alexander, 191; Barbara 
79; George, 159; Gilbert, 136; 
John, 76 81, 171, 191; Margaret 
156; Richard, 71; Thomas, 97; 
Victor A., cited, 248 

Willoughby, George, 124 

Wills, Alice, 106; "Edward, 64, 66; 
John, 64, 66; Thomas, 106, 126; 
Ursula, 126 



326 



Wilson, Anne, 105, 270; Barbara, 
123; Cuthbert, 273; Edward, 
263; Elizabeth, 92, 157; F. K., 
cited, 217, 225; George, 103; 
Hannah, 94 ; Jane, 60, 91 ; John, 
81, 160, 281; John Rawling, 293; 
Margaret, 149; Mary, 126, 127; 
Mary Ann, 293; Nicholas, 84, 
175; Robert, 60, 71, 105, 142, 
273; Sudbury, 126; Thomas, 84; 
William, 94, 126, 127, 192; Mr., 
260; Mrs., 283; Judge, 103; 
'Mother Red-cap,' 149; Parson, 
268; 273, 280, 286, 287 

Wilton, Alan de, 251 

Winchester, Marquess of, 96 

Winton, Earl of, 27 

Wiseman, Anne, 64; Henry, 64 
87 91, 149; Isabel, 149; Mary 
57'; Robert, 99 ; William, 57 

Wood, Anne, 86, 127, 158, 273 
Elizabeth, 91, 273, 291; George 
119; Herbert M., cited, 54 
Henry, 103; James, 272; Jane 
101; John, 119, 127, 152, 273 
Margaret, 171; Mary, 88; Nich 
olas, 171, 174; Richard, 101 
Thomas 273, 291; William, 289 
291; Mr., 279, 293; his daughter 
279 

Woodhall, Penelope, 51; William, 
51 

Woodman, William, cited, 211 

Woodmas, Alice, 60, 79, 138, 154; 
Robert 60, 76, 138, 154; Mrs. ; 
153 

Worrell, Jane, 77 

Wrangham, Elizabeth, 173; Henry 
— : Mr.. 263 



Wren of Binchester, pedigree, 205. 
208; Anne, 90; Barbara, 12, 206. 
207 ; Sir Charles, 12, 206 ; Frances, 
207, 208; Gertrude, epitaph, 206; 
Jane, 80, 207; Lindley, 8, 12, 
206; 'Richard 90 

Wright, Chamber, 148; Chamney, 
148; Christopher, 117; Dorothy, 
113; Hugh, 123; Jermyn, 185; 
Jerome, 185; John, 98; Matthew, 
64, 74; Mary, 123; Richard, 108; 
Sir Robert, 185, 187; Thomas, 
123; Toby, 123; William, 113 

'W. D.', 5 

Y 

Yapdale, Anne, 85; Christopher, 
94; William, 81 

Yapp, Abraham, 129; Eleanor, 
129; John, 129, 169; Mary, 91, 
169 

York, Archbishops of, Grey, 235; 
Thurston, 235, 251; Thomas I., 
235; Thomas II., 235; Turtell, 
251 

Young, Anne, 156; Elizabeth, 76; 
Henry, 152; John, 279; Mar- 
garet, 180, 258; Robert, 85, 159, 
180, 258; Thomas, 156 

Younger, Anne, 132; Barbara, 86, 
140; Cuthbert, 132, 136; Mary, 
142; Robert, 88, 142; Thomas, 
115 

Younghusband, Charles, 278 ; 
Elizabeth, 278; Frances, 278; 
George, 278; — , 263 



Zanchius, 10 
Zuinglius, 10 



INDEX OF THE MORE IMPORTANT SUBJECTS 
MENTIONED IN THE TEXT AND IN THE NOTES. 



Bee-keeping, 9 
Biographical Notices: — 
Addison, Dorothy, 191 
Akenside, Mark, the elder, 190; 

the younger, 192; Abraham, 

191; Thomas, 191 
Allan, Ealph, 198 
Allibone, Sir Richard, 185 
Annand, Rev. William, 44 
Andrews, John, 96 
Arden, Edward, 139 
Armstrong, Archibald, the Court 

Fool, 11 
Aubone, William, 180 
Aynsley, John, 271 
Bacon, Jane, 274 
Bagshaw, Margaret, 165 
Barnes, Rev. Joseph, 182 
Baron, Robert, 293 
Beaumont, Rev. Hammond, 157 
Beckwith, Edward, 166 
Bee, Jacob, 54 
Blackett, Sir Edward, 261; John 

Erasmus, 257 
Blakiston, Francis, 168; Roger 

virger, Durham Cathedral, 126 
Bonner, Rev. Joseph, 187 
Boutflower, William, 189 
Brabant, Sir Henry, 184 
Brandling, Ralph, 184 
Brereton, Sir William, 1 
Browell, Edward, 177 
Browell, Mark, 176 
Burdus, Elizabeth, 67 
Burrell, William, 261 
Busby, John, 166 

Charlton (William) of London, 262 
Carr, Sir Ralph, 179 
Cole, Nicholas, 179; Sir Ralph, 

168 
Cope, Sir Walter, 5 
Cradock, Thomas, 123 
Creagh, Sir William, 181 
Crowley, Sir Ambrose, 240 
Cuthbertson, George, 258 
Dodsworth, Anthony, 114 
Davison, Alex., 140; Timothy, 179 
Dawson, Captain John, 253 
Dick, William, 188 
Dixon, Abraham, 270 
Done, Rev. William, 174 
Douglas, Sir William, 45 
Doubleday, Nicholas, 262 
Eden, John, 183 
Elliott, Edward, 293 
Elstob, Ralph, 184 
Errington, John, 182; Mark, 19 



Fairle, Bishop, 35 

Fenwick, Henrv, 265; Nicholas, 

180; William, 107 
Forcer, George, 119 
Gibson, Sir John, 51 ; Reginald, 

261 
Gill, Samuel, 182 
Goodrick, Sir Henry, 7 
Granville, Dean, 128 
Green, Edward, 183 
Grey, Bryan, 269; Edward, 183; 

Dr. Robert, 167 
Haggerston, Sir Thomas, 271 
Heighington, Ambrose, 105 
Heron, John, 275 
Hindmarsh, John, 187 
Hilton, Cuthbert, 115; Lancelot, 

113 
Holloway, Sir Richard, 185 
Huss, John, 10 
Hutchinson, William, 181 
Hume, George, Earl of Dunbar, 

22 
Hutton, Sir Richard, 7 
Ingram, Sir Arthur, 4 
Ive, Margaret, 187 
Jefferson, Matthew, 180 
Jenison, Henry, 184; Sir Thomas, 

187 
Johnson, William, 181 
Jones, Henry, deputy captain of 

Norham, 22 
Kirkby, Rev. Edward, 122 
Lambton, Henry, 181; Ralph of 

Tribley, 20 
Latham, Dr. Lemuel, 192 
Lesley, Bishop, 197 
Lyon, Charles, 208; Jane, 208 
Machon, Gilbert, 161 
March, John, 159 
Mayers, Thomas, 285 
Mickleton, James, 133 
Middleton, John, 73 
Montague, Charles, 73 
Montgomery, Sir Hugh, 46 
Morland, George, 120 
Morton, George, 179; Bishop 

Thomas, 9 
Moseley, Edward, 261 
Neile, Sir Richard, 187 
Nelson, Peter, 164 
Newton, Thomas, 267 
Nixon, Rev. Martin, 263 
Ord, William, 272 
Partis, Matthew, 188; Thomas, 

182 
Patterson, Sir John, 185, 266 



328 



Pickles, John, 183 

Pococke, Bishop, 199 

Rackett, John, 164 

Ramsay, William, 181 

Richardson, Daniel, 91; John, 
94 

Ridley, Nicholas, 180 

Roberts, Nicholas, 268 

Robson, Timothy/ 180 

Romer, John, 271 

Rowe, Jane, 144 

Rugg, Captain Robert, 22 

Rumney, Joseph, 262 

Selby, Gabriel, 257 

Shafto, John, 274 ; Sir Robert, 189 

Smith, William, Haughton Castle, 
289; Mrs., Westerhall, 285 

Spearman, John, 165; Robert, 94 

Squire, John, 179 

Stapleton, Miles, 113 

Steward, Sir John, 37 

Stockdale, Percival, 278 

Surtees, Anthony, 256 

Tempest, John, 142 

Temple, William 257 

Thirkeld, Thomas, 135 

Tulip, Henry, 261 

Tweddell, George, 167 

Warburton, Bishop, 193 

Ward, William, 270 

Wetwang, Robert, 183 

Whinfield, George, 189 

White, Matthew, 189; Sir 

Matthew, 261; Teasdale, 280 

Whittingham, Timothy, 102 

Widdrington, Edward, 181; Ralph, 
184 

William, St. of York, 4 

Wilson, Rev. Cuthbert, 273 

Wright, Sir Robert, 185 ; Captain 
Thomas, 123 

Yappe, John, 129 
Bridges, 15, 16, 24, 40, 43 
Brewing in 1635, 31 
Cattle-breeding in 1760, 202-203 
Cattle, Wild, in 1635, 10 
Cobles, or fishing-boats, 252 
Court-fool, 11 

Ecclesiastical customs in 1635 : in 
England, 4, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14; in 
Scotland, 32, 34, 35, 36, 44 
Female dress in 1635, 30 
Gardens in 1635, 5, 27 
Inns in 1635, 3, 8, 19, 20, 21, 25, 27, 
32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 43, 45, 46, 49, 
50 
Ireland immigration from Scotland in 

1635, 42 
Irish bishops of the 18th century, 199 
Ironworks at Winlaton, 240, 244 



Lead-mining, 209, 210, 238, 244 
Medical recipe, 12 
Pedigrees : 

Adamson of Durham, 116; of 
Durham and Newcastle, 159 

Ayrson of Durham, 56 

Baddeley of Durham, 90 

Bee of Durham. 55 

Bowes of Durham, 80 

Brown of Durham^ 80 

Church of Durham, 162 

Davison of Durham and Thornley, 
109 

Dobson of Durham, 158 

Eden of Durham and Shincliffe, 78 

Fenwick of Durham, 104 

Forster of Durham, 125 

Fulthorp of Durham, 83 

Gordon "of Durham, 153 

Grey of Durham, 146 

Hall of Durham (and Skelton), 76 ; 
of Durham and Flass, 88 

Hawdon of Durham, 112 

Heighington of Durham, 135 

Hendry of Durham and Shincliffe, 
82 

Hodgson of Durham, 70, 131 

Hubback of Durham, 132 

Humes of Durham, 116 

Jefferson of Duiham, 106 

Lamb of Durham and Norham, 
172 

Lascelles of Durham and Mount 
Grace, 79 

Lesley of Ireland, 197 

Lewen of Durham, 88 

Loraine of Hexham, 258 

Martin of Durham, 100 

Mascall of Eppleton, 92 

Matthew of Durham, 103 

Newhouse of Durham, 170 

Paxton of Durham, 74 

Radcliffe of Durham and Cocker- 
mouth, 93 

Reed of Durham, 68 

Stokoe of Durham, 101 

Swainston of Durham, 81 

Thirkeld of Durham and New- 
castle, 118 

Trollop of Durham, 172 

Wren of Binch ester, 205 
Paper-mills on North Tyne, 289 
Roman inscriptions, 212, 228, 229, 230, 

233, 234, 236, 237, 238, 239 
Salt pans and works, 17-19, 27, 37 
Scottish coinage in 1635, 48 
Scottish speech in 1635, 49 
Storms and drought, 7, 8, 47 
Veterinary recipe of 1635, 6 
Weaving and bleaching in 1760, 202 



THE SURTEES SOCIETY 



REPORT FOR THE YEAR MCMXIII. 



Books Published by 

ANDREWS & CO., Sadler Street, Durham; 

BERNARD A. QUARITCH, n Grafton Street, W., London; and 

A, ASHER & CO., 56 Unter den Linden, Berlin. 



LONDON : 

MITCHELL HUGHES AND CLARKE, PRINTERS, 

140 WARDOUR STREET, W. 



THE SURTEES SOCIETY. 



REPORT FOR THE YEAR MCMXIII. 

Since the issue of the last Report the Society has lost four 
Vice-Presidents, Sir George Armytage, Bart., Mr. Thomas 
Hodgkin, the Rev. Charles Slingsby, and the Very Rev. G. W. 
Kitchin, the Dean of Durham, the last of whom took a very 
active part in the management of the Society. Their places 
have been filled by the election of the Very Rev. H. H. Henson, 
the present Dean of Durham, the Very Rev. H. E. Savage, Dean 
of Lichfield, Colonel Parker, C.B., and Colonel Surtees, C.B. 

Owing to ill-health of some of the editors, and latterly to 
disturbances and distractions arising from the war, the publica- 
tions of the Society have got into arrears, but it is confidently 
hoped that in the course of the next twelve months such arrears 
will be cleared off. 

The volumes which have been issued since the last Report 
are four in number. The most important is the "York Memo- 
randum Book," known as MS. A/y in the Muniment Room of 
the York Corporation. As Miss Maud Sellers points out in 
her introduction, this book throws considerable light on the 
government of a town of 11,000 to 13,000 inhabitants in the 
later mediaeval period. Besides the valuable guild ordinances, 
there is a heterogeneous mass of material for the history of 
York at this time. A glossary of the more difficult words 
enhances the utility of the work. 

Mr. Clay's second volume of u North Country Wills " from 
London brings this series down to the close of the sixteenth 
century. The interest of the volume is mainly genealogical. 
Wills are given of members of many well-known North 
Country families^ such as Talbot, Manners, Windsor, Bulmer, 
Darcy, Savile, and others. Mr. Clay has again given in an 
Appendix extracts relating to the North, from wills of persons 
whose connection with that part of England was only slight. 

The "Visitations of the North in 1552 and 1557," edited 
by Mr. Dendy (which takes place of a volume which has had 
to be postponed owing to the ill-health of the editor), is a great 



improvement on the edition issued by the Harleian Society in 
1 88 1. In the Preface is criven a most interesting account of 
the different Visitations in the Northern Counties in the 16th 
century, some of which had heretofore been unnoticed. The 
facsimile reproductions of the trickings of arms by the Eliza- 
bethan heralds very much enhance the beauty and value of the 
volume. 

With the issue of the first part of u Archbishop John le 
Romeyn's Register" (1286 — 1296), another step has been 
taken to make these valuable records more accessible. Tt is 
hoped that with the second volume "Archbishop Newark's 
Register " may be included, which will bring the series down to 
the close of the thirteenth century. This volume is in the press. 

Other volumes in a similar state of forwardness are the 
second volume of the w York Memorandum Book/' and "Two 
Thirteenth Century Durham Assize Rolls," edited by Mr. 
K. C. Bayley, with an "Appendix of North Country Deeds," 
from the Record Office, edited by the Secretary. The "St. 
Bees Chartulary," under the editorship of the Rev. James 
Wilson, is being printed. 

Steps are being taken for the preparation of a new edition of 
the " Liber Vitae," which was published by the Society over 
seventy years ago, with no index or apparatus criticus. The 
Manuscript is one of the few pre-Conquest documents of the 
North which have come down to us, and for many centuries it 
lay on the high altar at Durham, as one of the most valued 
possessions of that house. It is intended to reproduce the 
Manuscript in facsimile. 



THE SURTEES SOCIETY, 

ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 1834, 

In honour of the late Robert Surtees of Mainsfortli, Esquire, the 
author of the History of the County Palatine of Durham, and in 
accordance with his pursuits and plans ; having for its object the 
publication of inedited Manuscripts, illustrative of the intellectual, 
the moral, the religious, and the social condition of those parts 
of England and Scotland included on the east between the Humber 
and the Firth of Forth, and on the west between the Mersey and 
the Clyde, a region which constituted the ancient Kingdom of 
Northumbria. 

NEW RULES AGREED UPON IN 1849; REVISED 1863. 

I. — The Society shall consist of not more than three hundred 
and fifty members. 

II. — There shall be a Patron of the Society, who shall be President. 

III. — There shall be twenty-four Vice-Presidents, a Secretary, 
and two Treasurers. 

IV. — The Patron, the Vice-Presidents, the Secretary, and the 
Treasurers shall form the Council, any five of whom, including 
the Secretary and a Treasurer, shall be a quorum competent to 
transact the business of the Society. 

V. — The twenty-four Vice-Presidents, the Secretary, and the 
Treasurers shall be elected at a general meeting, to continue in 
office for three years, and be capable of re-election. 

VI. — Any vacancies in the office of Secretary or Treasurers shall 
be provisionally hlled up by the Council, subject to the approbation 
of the next general meeting. 

VII. — Three meetings of the Council shall be held in every year, 
on the first Tuesday in the months of March, June, and December; 
and the place and hour of meeting shall be fixed by the Council, and 
communicated by the Secretary to the members of the Council. 

VIII. — The meeting in June shall be the Anniversary, to which 
all the members of the Society shall be convened by the Secretary. 

IX. — The Secretary shall convene extraordinary meetings of the 
Council, on a requisition to that effect, signed by not less than 
five members of the Council, being presented to him. 



X. — Members may be elected by ballot at any of the ordinary 
meetings, according to priority of application, upon being proposed 
in writing by three existing members. One black ball in ten shall 
exclude. 

XI. — Each member shall pay in advance to the Treasurer the 
annual sum of one guinea. If any member's subscription shall be in 
arrear for two years, and he shall neglect to pay his subscription after 
having been reminded by the Treasurer, he shall be regarded as 
having ceased to be a member of the Societv. 

XII. — The money raised by the Society shall be expended in 
publishing such compositions, in their original language, or in a 
translated form, as come within the scope of this Society, without 
limitation of time with reference to the period of their respective 
authors. All editorial and other expenses to be defrayed by the 
Society. 

XIII. — One volume at least, in a closely printed octavo form, 
shall be supplied to each member of the Society every year, free 
of expense. 

XIV. — If the funds of the Society in any year will permit, the 
Council shall be at liberty to print and furnish to the members, free 
of expense, any other volume or volumes of the same character, 
in the same or a different form. 

XV. — The number of copies of each publication, and the selection 
of a printer and publisher, shall be left to the Council, who shall 
also fix the price at which the copies, not furnished to members, 
shall be sold to the public. 

XVI. — The armorial bearings of Mr. Surtees, and some other 
characteristic decoration connecting the Society with his name, shall 
be used in each publication. 

XVII. — A list of the officers and members, together with an 
account of the receipts and expenses of the Society, shall be made up 
every year to the time of the annual meeting, and shall be submitted 
to the Society to be printed and published with the next succeeding 
volume. 

XVIII. — No alteration shall be made in these rules, except at 
an annual meeting. Notice of any such alteration shall be given, 
at least as early as the ordinary meeting of the Council immediately 
preceding, to be communicated to each member of the Society. 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE SURTEES SOCIETY, 

WITH THEIK EESPECTIVE SALE PEICES. 

N.B. — Of several of these Volumes the number of copies on hand is very small; some will not 
be sold, except to Members of the Society under certain conditions, and all applications 
for them must be made to the Secretary. 



1. Eeginaldi Monachi Dunelmensis Libellus de Admirandis Beati Cuthberti Virtutibus. 10s. 

Edited by Dr. Eaine. 

2. Wills and Inventories, illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, Statistics, etc., of 

the Northern Counties of England, from the Eleventh Century downwards. (Chiefly 
from the Eegistry of Durham.) Vol. I. Edited by Dr. Eaine. (Only sold in a set 
and to a Member.) 

3. The Towneley Mysteries, or Miracle Plays. Edited by Mr. J. Gordon. The Preface by 

Joseph Hunter, F.S.A. (Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

4. Testamenta Eboracensia : Wills illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, Statistics, 

etc., of the Province of York, from 1300 downwards. Vol. I. 20s. Edited by 
Dr. Eaine. 

5. Sanctuarium Dunelmense et Sanctuarium Beverlacense ; or, Eegisters of the Sanctuaries 

of Durham and Beverley. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Eaine. The Preface by Eev. T. 
Chevalier. 

6. The Charters of Endowment, Inventories, and Account Eolls of the Priory of Finchale 

in the County of Durham. 10s. Edited by Dr. Eaine. 

7. Catalogi Veteres Librorum Ecclesise Cathedralis Dunelm. Catalogues of the Library of 

Durham Cathedral at various periods, from the Conquest to the Dissolution ; including 
Catalogues of the Library of the Abbey of Hulme, and of the MSS. preserved in the 
Library of Bishop Cosin at Durham. 7s. 6d. Edited bv Dr. Eaine. The Preface by 
Beriah Botfield, Esq. 

8. Miscellanea Biographica: a Life of Oswin, King of Northumberland: Two Lives of 

Cuthbert, Bishop of Lindisfarne : and a Life of Eata, Bishop of Hexham. 5s. Edited 
by Dr. Eaine. 

9. Historic Dunelmensis Scriptores Tres. Gaufridus de Coldingham, Eobertus de Greystanes, 

et Willelmus de Chambre, with the omissions and mistakes in Wharton's edition 
supplied and corrected, and an Appendix of 665 original Documents, in illustration 
of the Text. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Eaine. 

10. Eituale Ecclesiae Dunelmensis : a Latin Eitual of the Ninth Century, with an interlinear 

Northumbro- Saxon Translation. 12s. Edited by Eev. J. Stevenson. 

11. Jordan Fantosme's Anglo-Norman Chronicles of the War between the English and the 

Scots in 1173 and 1174. 5s. Edited, with a Translation, Notes, etc., by Francisque 
Michel, F.S.A. 

12. The Correspondence, Inventories, Account Eolls, and Law Proceedings of the Priory of 

Coldingham. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Eaine. 

13. Liber Vitae Ecclesiae Dunelmensis ; necnon Obituaria duo ejusdem Ecclesiae. 5s. Edited 

by Eev. J. Stevenson. 

14. The Correspondence of Eobert Bowes of Aske, Esq., Ambassador of Queen Elizabeth to the 

Court of Scotland. 7s. 6d. Edited by Eev. J. Stevenson. 

15. A Description or Briefe Declaration of all the Ancient Monuments, Eites, and Customs 

belonging to, or being within, the Monastical Church of Durham, before the Suppression. 
Written in 1593. Edited by Dr. Eaine. (Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

16. Anglo-Saxon and Early English Psalter, now first published from MSS. in the British 

Museum. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by the Eev. J. Stevenson. 

17. The Correspondence of Dr. Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York. With a selection from 

the Letters of Sir Timothy Hutton, Knt., his son, and Matthew Hutton, Esq., his 
grandson. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Eaine. 

18. The Durham Household Book; or, the Accounts of the Bursar of the Monastery of 

Durham, from 1530 to 1534. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Eaine. 



19. Anglo-Saxon and Early English Psalter. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. 

20. Libellus de Vita et Miraculis S. Godrici, Heremitse de Finchale, auctore Reginaldo, 

Monacho Dunelmensi. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. 

21. Depositions respecting the Rebellion of 1569, Witchcraft, and other Ecclesiastical 

Proceedings, from the Court of Durham, extending from 1311 to the reign of Elizabeth. 
7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Raine. 

22. The Injunctions and other Ecclesiastical Proceedings of Richard Barnes, Bishop of Durham 

(1577-87) . Edited by Dr. Raine. ( Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

23. The Anglo-Saxon Hymnarium, from MSS. of the Eleventh Century, in Durham, the British 

Museum, etc. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. 

2 1. The Memoir of Mr. Surtees, by the late George Taylor, Esq. Reprinted from the Fourth 
Vol. of the History of Durham, with additional Notes and Illustrations, together with 
an Appendix, comprising some of Mr. Surtees' Correspondence, Poetry, etc. Edited by 
Dr. Raine. ( Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

25. The Boldon Book, or Survey of Durham in 1183. Edited by Rev. W. Greenwell. (Only 

sold in a set and to a Member.) 

26. Wills and Inventories illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, Statistics, etc., of the 

Counties of York, Westmoreland, and Lancaster, from the Fourteenth Century down- 
wards. From the Registry at Richmond. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. (Only sold in a set 
and to a Member.) 

27. The Pontifical of Egbert, Archbishop of York (731—67), from a MS. of the Ninth or Tenth 

Century in the Imperial Library of Paris. Edited by Rev. William Greenwell. (Only 
sold in a set and to a Member.) 

28. The Gospel of St. Matthew, from the Northumbrian Interlinear Gloss to the Gospels 

contained in the MS. Nero D. IV, among the Cottonian MSS. in the British Museum, 
commonly known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, collated with the Rushworth MS. 7s. 6d. 
Edited by Rev. J. Stevenson. (The four Volumes which make up this Series will be sold 
together for £1 Is.) 

29. The Inventories and Account Rolls of the Monasteries of Jarrow and Monkwearmouth, from 

their commencement in 1303 until the Dissolution. 10s. Edited by Dr. Raine. 

30. Testamenta Eboracensia ; or, Wills illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, 

Statistics, etc., of the Province of York, from 1429 to 1467. Vol. II. Edited by Rev. 
J. Raine. ( Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

31. The Bede Roll of John Burnaby, Prior of Durham (1456—64). With illustrative Documents. 

7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. Raine. 

32. The Survey of the Palatinate of Durham, compiled during the Episcopate of Thomas 

Hatfield (1345—82). 10s. Edited by Rev. W. Greenwell. 

33. The Farming Book of Henry Best, of Elmswell, E.R.Y. Edited by Rev. C. B. Norcliffe. 

(Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

34. The Proceedings of the High Court of Commission for Durham and Northumberland. 12s. 

Edited by Mr. W. H. D. Longstatte. 

35. The Fabric Rolls of York Minster. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. ( Only sold in a set and to a 

Member.) 

36. The Heraldic Visitation of Yorkshire, by Sir William Dugdale, in 1665. Edited by Mr. 

Robert Davies. ( Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

37. A Volume of Miscellanea, comprising the Letters of Dean Granville, the Account of the 

Siege of Pontefract by Nathan Drake, and Extracts from the Rokeby Correspondence. 
Edited by Rev. George Ornsby, Mr. W. H. D. Longstatte, and Rev. J. Raine. (Only 
sold in a set and to a Member.) 

38. A Volume of Wills from the Registry at Durham ; a continuation of No. 2. Edited by 

Rev. W. Greenwell. (Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

39. The Gospel of St. Mark, from the Northumbrian Interlinear Gloss to the Gospels contained 

in the MS. Nero D. IV, among the Cottonian MSS. in the British Museum, commonly 
known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, collated with the Rushworth MS. ; a continuation of 
No. 28. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. George Waring. 

40. A selection from the Depositions in Criminal Cases taken before the Northern Magistrates ; 

from the Originals preserved in York Castle. Sa?c. XVII. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 
( Only sold in a set and to a Member. ) 

41. The Heraldic Visitation of the North of England, made in 1530, by Thomas Tonge, with an 

Appendix of Genealogical MSS. Edited by Mr. W. H. D. Longstatte. (Only sold in a 
set and to a Member.) 



42. Memorials of Fountains Abbey. Vol. I. Comprising the Chronicle relating to the 

Foundation of the House, written by Hugh de Kirkstall; the Chronicle of Abbats, 
etc. ; and an Historical description of the Abhey, with Illustrations. Edited by Mr. 
J. R. Walbran. (Only sold in a set and to a Member.) 

43. The Gospel of St. Luke, from the Northumbrian Interlinear Gloss to the Gospels con- 

tained in the MS. Nero D. IV, among the Cottonian MSS. in the British Museum, 
commonly known as the Lindisfarne Gospels, collated with the Eushworth MS. ; a 
continuation of Nos. 28 and 39. 7s 6d. Edited by Mr. George Waring. 

44. The Priory of Hexham, its Chronicles, Endowments, and Annals. Vol. I. Containing 

the Chronicles, etc., of John and Richard, Priors of Hexham, and Aelred, Abbat of 
Kievaulx, with an Appendix of Documents, and a Preface illustrated with Engravings, 
pp. 604. £L 10s. Edited by Kev. J. Kaine. 

45. Testamenta Eboracensia ; or, Wills illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, 

Statistics, etc., of the Province of York, from 1467 to 1485. Vol. III. 15s. Edited 
by Kev. J. Eaine. 

46. The Priory of Hexham. Vol. II. Containing the Liber Niger, with Charters and other 

Documents, and a Preface illustrated with Engravings. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 

47. The Letters, etc., of Dennis Granville, D.D., Dean of Durham, from the Originals recently 

discovered in the Bodleian Library. Part II. 5s. Edited by Kev. George Ornsby. 

48. The Gospel of St. John, from the Northumbrian Interlinear Gloss to the Gospels in the MS. 

Nero D. IV. (A continuation of Nos. 28, 39, and 43.) 7s. 6d. With Preface and 
Prolegomena. Edited by Mr. George Waring. 

49. The Survey of the County of York, taken by John de Kirkby, commonly called Kirkby's 

Inquest. Also Inquisitions of Knights' Fees, the Nomina ViUarum for Yorkshire, and 
an Appendix of Illustrative Documents, pp. 570. 10s. Edited by Mr. R. H. Skaife. 

50. Memoirs of the Life of Ambrose Barnes, Merchant and sometime Alderman of Newcastle- 

upon-Tyne. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. W. H. D. Longstaffe. 

51. Symeon of Durham. The whole of the Works ascribed to him, except the History of the 

Church of Durham. To which are added the History of the Translation of St. Cuthbert, 
the Life of St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland, by Turgot, Prior of Durham, etc. 10s. 
Edited by Mr. John Hodgson Hinde. 

52. The Correspondence of John Cosin, Bishop of Durham. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. 

George Ornsby. 

53. Testamenta Eboracensia. Vol. IV. From 1485 to 1509. (A continuation of Nos. 4, 30, 

and 45.) 10s. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 

54. The Diary of Abraham De La Pryme, the Yorkshire Antiquary. 10s. Edited by Mr. 

Charles Jackson. 

55. The Correspondence of John Cosin, Hishop of Durham. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. 

George Ornsby. 

56. The Register of Walter Gray, Archbishop of York, 1215—55. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 

57 The Register of the Guild of Corpus Christi in the City of York, containing a Full List of 
its Members. 7s. 6J. Edited by Mr. R. H. Skaife. 

58. Feodarium Prioratus Dunelmensis : a Survey of the Estates of the Prior and Convent of 

Durham in the Fifteenth Century. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. W. Greenwell. 

59. Missale ad usum insignis Ecclesiae Eboracensis. The York Missal. Vol. I. 15s. Edited 

by Dr. Henderson. 

60. The same. Vol. II. 15s. By the same Editor. 

61. Liber Pontificalis Chr. Bainbridge Archiepiscopi Eboracensis. The York Pontifical. 7s. 6d. 

Edited by Dr. Henderson. 

62. The Autobiography of Mrs. Alice Thornton, of East Newton, Co. York, Saec. XVII. 7s. 6d. 

Edited by Mr. Charles Jackson. 

63. Manuale et Processionale ad usum insignis Ecclesiae Eboracencis. The York Manual and 

Processional. 10s. Edited by Dr. Henderson. 
64 Acts of Chapter of the Collegiate Church of SS. Peter and Wilfrid, Ripon, 1452—1506. 
7s. 6d Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

65. Yorkshire Diaries and Autobiographies in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. 15s. 

Edited by Mr. Charles Jackson. 

66. Cartularium Abbatiae de Nova Monasterio (Newminster) . 5s. Edited by Rev. J. T. 

Fowler. 



ib 

67. Memorials of Fountains Abbey. Vol. II, Part 1. Comprising the Royal Charters and some 

of the Papal Grants, etc. 5s. Edited by Mr. J. R. Walbran and the Secretary. 

68. Selections from the Household Books of Lord William Howard, of Naworth Castle. 10s. 

Edited by Rev. George Ornsby. 

69. The Chartulary of Whitby. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. C. Atkinson. 

70. A Selection from the Poems of Lawrence, Prior of Durham, Ssec. XII. 2s. 6d. Edited by 

Rev. J. Maine. 

71. The York Breviary. Vol.1. 15s. Edited by Hon. and Rev. Stephen Lawley. 

72. The Chartulary of Whitby. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. C. Atkinson. 

73. The Life and Correspondence of the Rev. William Stukeley, M.D., the Antiquary. Vol. I. 

108. Edited by Rev. W. C. Lukis. (The three volumes which make up this varies will be 
sold together for £1 Is.) 

74. Memorials of the Church of Ripon. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

75. The York Breviary. Vol. II. 15s. Edited by the Hon. and Rev. Stephen Lawley. 

76. The Life and Correspondence of Dr. Stukeley. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. W. C. 

Lukis. 

77. Yorkshire Diaries. Vol. II. 5s. Edited by Mr. C. Jackson and Mr. Margerison. 

78. Memorials of Ripon. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

79. Testamenta Eboracensia. Vol. V. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 

80. The Life and Correspondence of Dr. Stukeley. Vol. III. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. W. C. 

Lukis. 

81. Memorials of Ripon. Vol. III. 10s. Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

82. A Selection from the Halmote Court Rolls of the Prior and Convent of Durham. 10s. 

Edited by Messrs. W. H. D. Longstaffe and John Booth. 

83. The Chartulary of Rievaulx. 10s. Edited by Rev. J. C. Atkinson. 

84. Durham Churchwardens' Accompts. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Barmby. 

85. A Volume of English Miscellanies. 3s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. Raine. 

86. The Guisborough Chartulary. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. W. Brown. 

87. The Life of St. Cuthbert in English Verse. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. J. T. Fowler. 

88. The Northumberland Assize Rolls. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. W. Page. 

89. The Guisborough Chartulary. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. W. Brown. 

90. The Brinkburn Chartulary. 5s. Edited by Mr. W. Page. 

91. The Yorkshire Chantry Surveys. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. W. Page. 

92. The Yorkshire Chantry Surveys. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. W. Page. 

93. The Records of the Company of Merchant Adventurers of Newcastle-on-Tyne. Vol. I. 

7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. J. W. Boyle and Mr. F. W. Dendy. 

94. Yorkshire Feet of Fines during the reign of King John. 5s. Edited by Mr. William 

Brown. 

95. Memorials of St. Giles's Durham, being Grassmen's Accounts, etc., together with Docu- 

ments relating to the Hospitals of Kepier and St. Mary Magdalene. 7s. 6d. Edited by 
Rev. Dr. Barmby. 

96. Register of the Freemen of the City of York. Vol.1. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. F. Collins. 

97. Inventories of Church Goods for the counties of York, Durham, and Northumberland. 

7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. William Page. 

98. Beverley Chapter Act Book. Vol. I. 12s. 6d. Edited by Mr. A. F. Leach. 

99. Durham Account Rolls. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 

100. Durham Account Rolls. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 

101. The Records of the Company of Merchant Adventurers of Newcastle-on-Tyne. Vol. II. 

7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. F. W. Dendy. 

102. Register of the Freemen of York. Vol. II. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. F. Collins. 

103. Durham Account Rolls. Vol. III. 10s. 6d. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 

104. Knaresborough Wills. Vol. I. 7s. 6d. Edited by Dr. F. Collins. 

105. Records of the Newcastle Hostmen's Company. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. F. W. Dendy. 

106. Testamenta Eboracensia. Vol. VI. 7s. 6d. Edited by Mr. J. W. Clay. 



107. The Rites of Durham. 20s. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 

108. Beverley Chapter Act Book. Vol. II. 30s. Edited by Mr. A. F. Leach. 

109. The Register of Walter Giffard, Archbishop of York, 1266—1279. 15s. Edited by 

Mr. William Brown. 

110. Knaresborough Wills. Vol. II. 15s. Edited by Dr. F. Collins. 

111. Royalist Compositions in the Counties of Durham and Northumberland. 15s. Edited by 

Mr. Richard Welford. 

112. Wills and Inventories. Vol. III. 15s. Edited -by Mr. J. Crawford Hodgson. 

113. The Records of the Northern Convocation. 30s. Edited by the Very Rev. the Dean of 

Durham. 

114. The Register of William Wickwane, Archbishop of York, 1279—1285. 30s. Edited by 

Mr. William Brown. 

115. Memorials of Ripon. Vol. IV. 15s. Edited by Rev. Canon Fowler. 

116. North Country Wills. 15s. Edited by Mr. J. W. Clay. 

117. The Percy Chartulary. 30s. Edited by Miss M. T. Martin. 

118. North Country Diaries. 15s. Edited by Mr. J. C. Hodgson. 

119. Richard D'Aungerville of Bury. 15s. Edited by the Very Rev. the Dean of Durham. 

120. 'J he York Memorandum Book. "Vol. I. 30s. Edited by Miss Maud Sellers. 

121. North Country Wills. Vol.11. 15s. Edited by Mr. J. W. Clay. 

122. Harvey's and Dalton's Visitations of the North in 1552 and 1557. Vol.1. 15s. Edited 

by Mr. F. W. Dendy. 

123. The Register of John le Romeyn, Archbishop of York, 1286—1296. Vol. I. 30s. Edited 

by Mr. William Brown. 

The Council propose to select their future Volumes out of the following Manuscripts or materials, 
or from others of a similar character. 

1 . The Chartulary of St. Bees. To be edited by the Rev. James Wilson. (In the press.) 

2. The Horse Eboracenses. To be edited by the Rev. Canon Wordsworth. 

3. Visitations of the Archdeaconry of Richmond in the 16th and 17th Centuries. From the 

Originals at Chester. To be edited by Mr. William Ferguson Irvine. 

4. The Repertorium Magnum. To be edited by Mr. Kennett Bayley. 

5. Wills and Inventories. To be edited by Mr. J. Crawford Hodgson. 

6. The York Memorandum Book. Vol. II. To be edited by Miss Maud Sellers. (In the 

press.) 

7. A Volume from the Records of the Merchant Adventurers, York. To be edited by Miss 

Maud Sellers. 

8. The Register of John le Romeyn, Archbishop of York. Vol. II. To be edited by the 

Secretary. (In the press.) 

9. A Volume from the Liber Cartarum and kindred documents belonging to the Corporation 

of Newcastle-on-Tyne. To be prepared by Mr. A. M. Oliver. 

10. Two Thirteenth Century Durham Assize Rolls. To be edited by Mr. K. C. Bayley. 

(In the press.) 

11. Liber Vitse, with Reproductions of the MS. 

12. Pope Nicholas's Taxation and the Valor EccleBiasticus for Yorkshire. To be edited by 

Mr. Hamilton Thompson. 

13. North Country Diaries. Vol.11. To be edited by Mr. J. Crawford Hodgson. 



LIST OF OFFICERS & MEMBERS, 1913. 



PATRON AND PRESIDENT. 
His Grace the Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 

VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

Lord Barnard, Raby Castle, Darlington. 

Kennett C. Bayley, Durham. 

Rev. William Brown, Old Elvet, Durham. 

S. J. Chadwick, Lyndhurst, Dewsbury. 

J. W. Clay, Rastrick House, Brighouse. 

Francis Collins, M.D., Lyme Regis. 

F. W. Dendy, Osborne Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

R. H. Edleston, D.C.L., Rhadegund Buildings, Cambridge. 

Rev. Canon Fowler, Durham. 

Rev. Dr. Gee, Durham. 

Rev. William Greenwell, Durham. 

The Very Rev. H. H. Henson, Dean of Durham. 

Richard Oliver Heslop, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

J. Crawford Hodgson, Alnwick. 

J. G. Hodgson, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

Rev. J. M. Marshall, Croft Rectory, Darlington. 

Colonel Parker, C.B., Browsholme Hall, Clitheroe. 

The Very Rev. A. P. Purey-Cust, Dean of York. 

The Very Rev. H. E. Savage, Dean of Lichfield. 

Colonel Surtees, C.B., Mainsforth Hall, Ferryhill. 

R. B. Turton, Kildale Hall, Grosmont, York. 

Richard Welford, Gosforth, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

Rev. F. G. Wesley, 70, Christchurch Road, Winchester. 

Rev. James Wilson, Dalston Vicarage, Cumberland. 

SECRETARY. 
William Brown, The Old House, Sowerby, Thirsk. 

TREASURER. 
John George Gradon, Durham. 

AUDITOR. 
Kennett C. Bayley, Durham. 

MEMBERS, WITH THE DATES OF THEIR ADMISSION.* 

Wilfrid H. Acum, 15, Lordship Lane, Wood Green, N. 7th March, 191 1. 
Rev. C. E. Adamson, Houghton le Spring. 4th December, 1898. 
Lord Aldenham, Aldenham Park, Elstree, Herts. January, 1908. 

* The number of three hundred and fifty members, to which the Society is limited, is 
generally full. Judging from past experience, there will be ten or twelve vacancies every year, 
and these will be regularly filled up. New members will be elected by the Council according 
to priority of application, unless the son or representative of a deceased member wishes to be 
chosen in his place. This list is corrected up to December, 1913. 



13 

Lady Amherst (Lady William Cecil of Hackney), Didlington Hall, Brandon, 

Norfolk, ist December, 1868. 
Sir J. E. Backhouse, Bart., Darlington. 5th June, 1877. 

Thos. H. Barker, Brookfield Gardens, West Kirby, Liverpool. 4th Decem- 
ber, 1902. 
Lord Barnard, Raby Castle, Darlington. 6th December, 1892. {Vice-Presi- 
dent, 1900 — 19 1 1.) 
Kennett C. Bay ley, Durham. ist December, 1903. {Vice-President and 

Auditor, 1906 — 1911.) 
Rev. Canon Beanlands, Aynscombe House, Sevenoaks, Kent. 7th December, 

1909. 
Sir Hugh Bell, Bart., Rounton Grange, Northallerton. 4th June, 1907. 
Edward Bell, York Street, Covent Garden, London. 3rd March, 1891. 
John Bilson, Hessle, Hull. 5th March, 1895. 
Edmund Bishop, Caburn, Barnstaple, ist December, 1874. 
Thomas M. Blagg, 25, Cartergate, Newark-on-Trent. 4th December, 1898. 
Lord Bolton, Bolton 'Hall, Wensley. 5th March, 1889. 
Messrs. Bowes and Bowes, Cambridge. 7th March, 1865. 
Thomas Boynton, Norman House, Bridlington Quay. 2nd December, 1884. 
Noel P. W. Brady, Ferryside, Twickenham, ist December, 1903. 
W. Parker Brewis, 2, Grosvenor Road, Newcastle. 3rd March, 1908. 
John A. Brooke, Ferray Hall, Huddersfield. 1st December, 1908. 
Rev. William Brown, Old Elvet, Durham. 3rd December, 1889. {Vice- 
President, 1897 — 191 1.) 
William Brown, The Old House, Sowerby, Thirsk. 3rd December, 1889. 

{Secretary, 1897 — 191 1.) 
The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry. 7th December, 1886. 
George Buchanan, Whitby. 6th June, 1876. 

The King of Bulgaria, Sophia Palace, Bulgaria. 4th March, 1902. 
Rosalind, Countess of Carlisle, Boothby Manor House, Brampton. 4th 

December, 191 2. 
S. J. Chadwick, Lyndhurst, Oxford Road, Dewsbury. 6th December, 1881. 

( Vice-President, 1 90 1 — 1 9 1 1 . ) 
J. E. Champney, Abchurch Chambers, London, W. 3rd December, 1895. 
H. M. Chapman, St. Martin's Priory, Canterbury. 6th June, 1882. 
Edward Thomas Clark, Snaith, Yorkshire. 7th December, 1880. 
G. D. A. Clark, Belford Hall, Belford. ist December, 1874. 
J. W. Clay, Rastrick, Brighouse. 2nd June, 1868. {Vice-President, 1900 — 

1911.) 
Mrs. Clayton, The Chesters, Hexham. 2nd December, 1890. 
E. F. Coates, c/o E. Almack, 99, Gresham Street, London, E.C. 4th March, 

1901. 
Rev. Carus Vale Collier, Langton Rectory, Malton. 3rd December, 1897. 
Francis Collins, M.D., St. Andrews, Lyme Regis. 7th December, 1886. {Vice- 
President, 1897 — 1 91 1.) 
Lady Cowell, Clifton Castle, Bedale. 5th March, 1895. 
Right Rev. Bishop Cowgill, Bishop's House, Leeds. 3rd December, 

1911. 
Hubert H. E. Craster, All Souls' College, Oxford. 4th December, 1906. 
The Marquis of Crewe, Crewe Hall, Nantwich. 30th December, 1858. 
Lord Crewe's Trustees, c/o K. C. Bayley, The College, Durham. 2nd June, 

1891. 
Ralph Creyke, Rawcliffe Hall, Selby. 7th December, 1880. 
E. W. Crossley, Dean House, Triangle, Halifax. 5th June, 1906. 
Rev. Matthew Culley, Coupland Castle, Kirknewton, Northumberland. 
5th June, 1902. 



F. W. Dendy, Eldon House, Osborne Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 4th Decem- 

ber, 1894. {Vice-President, 1897 — 191 1.) 
Sir Lewis T. Dibdin, D.C.L., Chancellor of Durham, 15, Old Square, Lincoln's 

Inn. 3rd March, 1891. 
Robert Dobson, Golden Square, Market Place, Warrington. 6th June, 1907. 
Bishop of Durham, Auckland Castle. 3rd March, 1908. 
Earl of Durham, Lambton Castle, Fence Houses. 1st December, 1901. 
R. H. Edleston, D.C.L., Rhadegund Buildings, Cambridge. 3rd December, 

1895. (Vice-President, 1908 — 1 1.) 
John Eland, 40, Carey Street, Strand, W.C. 6th March, 1900. 
Rev. H. Ellershaw, Bishop Hatfield's Hall, Durham. 1st March, 1892. 
C. J. Fogg Elliot, Staindrop, Darlington. 6th June, 1913. 
H. G. Carr-Ellison, 15, Portland Terrace, Newcastle. 4th December, 1906. 
J. Meade Falkner, Divinity House, Durham. 5th December, 1905. 
Wm. Farrer, Hallgarth, Carnforth. 3rd March, 1914. 

G. Foyle Fawcett, 29, Beaumont Street, Liverpool. 6th June, 1905. 
Mrs. Hugh Fenwick, Brinkburn Priory, Morpeth. 3rd June, 1897. 
R. H. Forster, 2, Enmore Road, Putney, S.W. 2nd March, 1909. 
Rev. Canon Foster, Timberland Vicarage, Lincoln. 5th June, 191 2. 

Rev. Canon Fowler, M.A., D.C.L., F.S.A., Bishop Hatfield's Hall, Durham. 
4th June, 1872. (Vice-President, 1872 — 191 1. Treasurer, 1883 — 88.) 

Sir Alfred Scott Gatty, Garter King of Arms, Heralds' College, London. 
7th March, 1876. 

Rev. H. Gee, D.D., University College, Durham. 3rd June, 1902. (Vice- 
President, 1905 — 191 1.) 

C. O. P. Gibson, Bywell Castle, Stocksfield-on-Tyne. 3rd June, 1914. 

C. W. Goodger, 18, Market Street, Newcastle. 1st December, 1908. 

John George Gradon, Lynton House, Durham. 3rd March, 1891. (Treasurer, 
1891 — 1911.) 

Sir Walpole Green well, Bart., 17, Portman Square, London, W. 4th 
December, iqo6. 

Rev. William Greenwell, D.C.L., F.R.S., &c, Durham. 28th September, 
1843. (Treasurer, 1843 — 49. Vice-President, 1849 — 1911.) 

Col. J. D. Gregson, Burdon Hall, Sunderland. 6th June, 1913. 

C. O. Hall, Settrington House, Malton. 4th December, 1900. 

The Very Rev. H. Hensley Henson, Dean of Durham. 3rd June, 1913. 

Richard Oliver Heslop, Akenside Hill, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 6th June, 1899. 
( Vice-President, 1 905 — 19 1 1 .) 

T. E. Hodgkin, Old Ridley, Stocksfield-on-Tyne. 2nd December, 1913. 

J. C. Hodgson, Abbey Cottage, Alnwick. 6th December, 1892. (Vice- 
President, 1 899 — 1 9 1 1 . ) 

J. G. Hodgson, Northern Counties Club, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 14th August, 
1885. (Vice-President, 1897— 191 1.) 

John E. Jefferson Hogg, 59, Elm Park Gardens, London, S.W. 1st December, 
1903. 

Rev. H. C. Holmes, Birkby Rectory, Northallerton. 4th December, 1877. 

Lord Hotham, West Hill, Tichfield, Hants. 3rd December, 1872. 

Edward Hutchinson, Darlington. 7th December, 1869. 

Wm. I'Anson, Glenside, Saltburn-by-Sea. 2nd December, 1913. 

W. A. James, 22, Norfolk Square, London. 2nd March, 1897. 

Lord Joicey, Ford Castle, Northumberland. 5th December 1882. 

Thomas Jones, Durham. 7th Decembei , 1880. 

A. B. Kempe, K.C., Chancellor of Newcastle, 2, Paper Buildings, Temple, 
London. 5th March, 1889. 

C. E. Kempe, 28, Nottingham Place, London. 5th December, 1893. 

H. F. Killick, King's House, Thetford. 5th December, 1899. 



*5 ( 

R. L. Kirby, Linthorpe, Middlesbrough. 5th March, 1889. 

A. L. Knight, Curren Hall, Ilkley. 4th December, 1900. 

W. H. Knowles, Little Bridge, Gosforth, Newcastle. 6th March, 1906. 

W. T. Lancaster, 7, Clarendon Place, Leeds. 4th December, 1883. 

Arthur F. Leach, 34, Elm Park Gardens, London. 1st December, 1891. 

J. Wickham Legg, M.D., F.S.A., 4, St. Margaret's Road, Oxford. 2nd 
December, 1890. 

The Marquess of Londonderry, Wynyard, Durham. 7th December, 1886. 

Sir Clements R. Markham, K.C.B., Eccleston Square, London. 1st December, 
1891. 

Thomas W. Marley, Marton Grove, Darlington. 4th June, 1895. 

Rev. J. M. Marshall, Croft Rectory, Darlington. 5th March, 1889. (Vice- 
President, 1899 — 1 91 1.) 

James Melrose, Clifton Croft, York. 7th December, 1875. 

Walter Morrison, 77, Cromwell Road, London. 1st March, 1864. 

Lord Northbourne, Betteshanger, Sandwich. 7th March, 1893. 

The Duke of Northumberland, Alnwick Castle. 6th June, 1865. 

A. M. Oliver, West Jesmond Villa, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 5th December, 
1911. 

Wm. Page, The White House, St. Peter's, St. Albans. 1st December, 1885. 

Colonel Parker, Browsholme Hall, Clitheroe. 6th March, 1907. 

Parker and Son, 27, Broad Street, Oxford. 7th March, 191 2. 

Howard Pease, Otterburn Town, Woodburn. 3rd December, 1901. 

John S. G. Pemberton, Belmont Hall, Durham. 3rd December, 1901. 

The Very Rev. Arthur P. Purey-Cust, D.D., Dean of York. 7th December, 
1880. (Vice-President, 1887 — 191 1.) 

Sir J. W. Ramsden, Bart., Byrom Hall, South Milford, Yorkshire. 14th 
March, 1862. 

Viscount Ridley, Blagdon, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 3rd Majrch, 1891. 

The Marquess of Ripon, Studley Royal, Ripon. 15th December, 1859. 

J. W. Robinson, Brokenheugh, Haydon Bridge. 7th December, 1909. 

W. H. Rylands, F.S.A.,South Bank Lodge, Campden Hill Place, Kensington, 
W. 5th June, 1883. 

Philip Saltmarshe, Lt.-Col., Daresbury, The Mount, York. 4th December, 
1894. 

The Very Rev. H. E. Savage, Dean of Lichfield. 3rd December, 1897. 

Slingsby D. Shafto, Beamish Park, Beamish. 7th March, 1905. 

J. B. Simpson, Bradley Hall, Wylam-on-Tyne. 3rd December, 1901. 

F. W. Slingsby, Thorpe Underwood Hall, Ouseburn, York. 3rd December, 
1878. 

John T. Spalding, 22, Villa Road, Nottingham. 5th December, 1899. 

Col. H. C. Surtees, C.B., D.S.O., Mainsforth, Ferryhill. 5th December, 191 1. 

H. P. Surtees, 6, St. Helen's Place, E.C. 6th June, 1899. 

Siward Surtees, Somersham, Maidenhead. 3rd December, 1895. 

Thos. Taylor, Chipchase Castle, Wark-on-Tyne. 3rd March, 1902. 

Rev. R. Fetzer Taylor, Grundisbury House, Woodbridge, Suffolk. 1st Decem- 
ber, 1903. 

Major A. C. Tempest, Broughton Hall, Skipton. 3rd June, 1879. 

Mrs. Graves Tempest, Bradenham House, High Wycombe. 9th December, 
1909. 

F. J. Thairlwall, 12, Upper Park Road, Hampstead, London. 3rd December, 
1875. 

Legh Tolson, Elm Lea, Dalton, Huddersfield. 7th December, 1886. 

Robert B. Turton, Kildale Hall, Grosmont, York. 2nd March, 1897. (Vice- 
President, 1903— 191 1.) 

Robert Charles De Grey Vyner, Newby Hall, Ripon. 3rd December, 1895. 



i6 

Henry Wagner, F.S.A., 13, Half Moon Street, Piccadilly, London. 4th 

December, 1877. 
Rev. Walter Walsh, Folkington Rectory, Polegate, Sussex. 2nd December, 

. . l8 79- 

William Warde-Aldam, Frickley Hall, Doncaster. 3rd March, 1891. 

T. E. Watson, St. Mary's Lodge, Newport, Mon. 2nd March, 1907. 

Richard Welford, Gosforth, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 1st March, 1892. (Vice- 
President, 1894, 1905 — 191 1.) 

Rev. F. G. Wesley, Winchester. 5th December, 1882. (Vice-President, 
1899 — 1911.) 

Sir Hedworth Williamson, Bart.. Whitburn Hall, Sunderland. 3rd December, 
1895. 

Rev. Jas. Wilson, Dalston Vicarage, Cumberland. 4th June, 1903. (Vice- 
President, 1906 — 191 1.) 

H. M. Wood, 5, The Grove, Sunderland. 4th March, 1902. 

Rev. Canon Wordsworth, St. Peter's Rectory, Marlborough. 5th December, 
1893. 

The Lord Archbishop of York, Bishopthorpe, York. 5th December, 1893. 

Thomas Edward Yorke, Bewerley Hall, Pateley Bridge. 5th June, 1894. 

Libraries and Public Institutions-. — 

The University of Aberdeen. 1st March, 1881. 

The Library of Ampleforth Monastery, near York. 3rd December, 1895. 

The John Hopkins University, Baltimore, U.S.A. 5th June, 1883. 

The Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore, U.S.A. 3rd December, 1889. 

The Barrow-in-Furness Public Library. 3rd December, 1901. 

The Battersea Central Library. 3rd December, 1901. 

The Queen's College, Belfast. 7th December, 1886. 

The Imperial Library, Berlin. 14th March, 1863. 

The Birmingham Free Library. 3rd March, 1874. 

The Oratory, Birmingham. 2nd June, 1914. 

St. Thomas' Abbey, Erdington, Birmingham. 3rd December, 1901. 

The Bolton Public Library. 4th March, 1884. 

The Boston Athenaeum, U.S.A. 1st March, 1870. 

The Peabody Institute, Boston, U.S.A. 4th March, 1873. 

The Boston Public Library, U.S.A. 7th December, 1886. 

New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, U.S.A. 6th March, 

1903. 
The Bradford Free Library. 5th June, 1883. 
Bristol Public Libraries. 2nd December, 1902. 

The Society of Bollandist Fathers, Brussels. 3rd December, 1895. 
Grosvenor Library, Buffalo, New York, U.S.A. 6th March, 1904. 
The University of California, Berkley, U.S.A. 5th March, 1903. 
Christ's College, Cambridge. 13th December, 1862. 
Trinity College, Cambridge. 5th June, 1866. 
The Public Library, Cardiff. 4th December, 1890. 
The Carlisle Free Library, Tullie House, Carlisle. 1st March, 1892. 
The Chelsea Public Libraries. 1st March, 1892. 
The Dean and Chapter of Chester. 1st March, 1887. 
The Chicago Public Library, U.S.A. 1st March, 1887. 
The Newberry Library, Chicago, U.S.A. 6th December, 1892. 
The University of Chicago, U.S.A. 3rd June, 1902. 
University Library, Christiania. 7th March, 1903. 
Cincinnati Public Library, U.S.A. 3rd December, 1901. 
Royal Library, Copenhagen. 7th March, 1905. 
The Darlington Public Library. 2nd June, 1885. 



i7 

The Public Library, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. 7th June, 1887. 

The Dewsbury Public Library. 2nd June, 1891. 

The Doncaster Public Library. 4th December, 1883. 

The National Library of Ireland, Dublin. 3rd June, 1884. 

St. Chad's Hall, Durham. 7th March, 191 1. 

The Dean and Chapter of Durham. 1st June, 1869. 

The University of Durham. 16th June, 1858. 

The Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. 13th March, 1851. 

The Signet Library, Edinburgh. 6th December, 1864. 

The University of Edinburgh. 5th June, 1883. 

The Public Library, Edinburgh. 3rd March, 1896. 

The Royal Albert Memorial Public Library, Exeter. 1st December, 1909. 

St. Benedict's Abbey, Fort Augustus, N.B. 4th March, 1902. 

The Gateshead Public Library. 3rd December, 1889. 

The Mitchell Library, Glasgow. 4th December, 1877. 

The University of Glasgow. 3rd March, 1874. 

The University of Gottingen. 8th December, 1863. 

The Public Library, Harrogate. 3rd March, 1896. 

The Harvard College Library, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. 1st March, 1887. 

The Free Library, Hawick, N.B. 3rd March, 1889. 

House of Lords Library. 2nd June, 1908. 

The Public Library, Huddersfield. 3rd December, 1903. 

The Public Libraries, Hull. 5th March, 1895. 

The Hull Subscription Library. 14th March, 1862. 

Law Association of Philadelphia, U.S.A. 2nd March, 1909. 

The Central Free Public Library, Leeds. 7th June, 1898. 

The Leeds Institute of Science. 1st December, 1903. 

The Leeds Library, Commercial Street, Leeds, nth December, 1856. 

The Library of the Church Institute, Leeds. 7th June, 1892. 

The Thoresby Society, Leeds. 7th June, 1892. 

The Dean and Chapter of Lincoln. 7th June, 1882. 

The Liverpool Athenaeum. 6th June, 1855. 

The Liverpool Free Library. 3rd March, 1874. 

The University of Liverpool. 5th March, 1895. 

The Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House, London. 1st March, 1864. 

The Athenaeum Club, Pall Mall, London. 12th December, 1861. 

Constitutional Club, Northumberland Avenue, London. 3rd December, 

1 901. 
The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, London. 2nd June, 1874. 
The Guildhall Library, London. 1st December, 1874. 
The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, London. 3rd December, 

1867. 
The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, London, nth March, 185 1. 
The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, London. 1st December, 

1868. 
The Law Society, Chancery Lane, London, W.C. 7th March, 1905. 
The London Library, 12, St. James's Square, London. 13th March/1851. 
The Library of the Oratory, South Kensington, London. 7th June, 1881. 
The Library of the Public Record Office, Fetter Lane, London. 4th 

December, 1894. 
The Reform Club, London. 3rd December, 1895. 
The Royal Institution, London. 4th June, 1872. 
The Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, London. 4th December, 1883. 
Sion College, London. December, 1857. 

The Library, University College, London. 7th December, 1886. 
The New University Club, St. James's Street, London. 1st December, 

1891. 



i8 

Dr. Williams' Library, Gordon Square, London, W.C. 1st December, 1903. 

The University of Lund, Sweden. 3rd March, 1891. 

Chetham's Library, Manchester. December, 1857. 

The John Rylands Library, Manchester. 4th December, 1900. 

The Manchester Free Library. 3rd December, 1867. 

Owen's College, Manchester. 7th March, 1871. 

The Public Library, Melbourne. 4th June, 1895. 

Grand Rapids Public Library, Michigan, U.S.A. 3rd March, 1908. 

University of Michigan. 5th June, 1904. 

The Middlesbrough Free Library. 6th March, 1883. 

The House of Resurrection, Mirfield, Yorks. 6th June, 1907. 

The McGill University, Montreal. 2nd June, 1914. 

The Royal Library, Munich. 14th March, 1863. 

The Cathedral Library, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 2nd June, 1891. 

The Public Libraries, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 4th December, 1883. 

The Society of Antiquaries, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 24th September, 1853. 

The Literary and Philosophical Society, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 17th March, 

1853. 
The Library of Princeton University, New Jersey, U.S.A. 1st March, 

1887. 
The Brooklyn Library, New York, U.S.A. 4th December, 1883. 
The Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A. 4th December, 1883. 
The General Theological Seminary, New York, U.S.A. 7th December, 1910. 
Union Theological Seminary, New York. 3rd December, 1912. 
New York Historical Society, U.S.A. 7th March, 1905. 
The New York State Library, Albany, New York, U.S.A. 1st March, 1887. 
The New York Public Library, U.S.A. 1st March, 1887. 
The North Riding of York County Council, Northallerton. 4th December, 

1906. 
The Nottingham Free Library. 1st March, 1881. 
The Oxford Union Society. 4th March, 1902. 
All Souls' College, Oxford. 3rd March, 1908. 
Exeter College, Oxford. 5th March, 1878. 
St. John's College, Oxford. 14th March, 1863. 
Magdalen College, Oxford. 18th June, 1862. 
Queen's College, Oxford. 2nd March, 1875. 
Bibliotheque National, Paris. 6th June, 1905. 
The Free Library of Philadelphia. 5th December, 191 1. 
The Library Company, Philadelphia, U.S.A. 5th December, 1882. 
Dr. Shepherd's Library, Preston. 6th December, 1864. 
St. Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate. 3rd December, 1901. 
The Dean and Chapter of Ripon. 3rd March, 1874. 
The Rochdale Public Library. 4th March, 1884. 
The Rotherham Free Library. 3rd June, 1884. 
The University of St. Andrew's. 7th December, 1886. 
The Imperial Library, St. Petersburg. 14th March, 1863. 
The Mechanics' and Literary Institute, Scarborough. 5th December, 

1899. 
The Sheffield Free Library. 1st March, 1881. 

The Literary and Philosophical Society, Sheffield. 4th March, 1881. 
The North Shields Free Library. 3rd December, 1889. 
The South Shields Free Library. 1st June, 1875. 
The Abbey of Solesmes, Appeldurcombe, Wroxall, Isle of Wight. 3rd 

December, 1895. 
The Stockton-on-Tees Free Library. 2nd March, 1897. 
St. John's College, Stonyhurst. 4th March, 1873. 



*9 

The University Library, Strasburg. 4th June, 1895. 

The Sunderland Free Library. 5th June, 1883. 

The Subscription Library, Fawcett Street, Sunderland. 3rd December, 

1889. 
The Free Library, Toronto, U.S.A. 1st March, 1892. 
University of Texas, U.S.A. 2nd March, 1909. 
The University of Upsala, Sweden. 2nd June, 1891. 
The President of St. Cuthbert's College, Ushaw, Durham. September, 

1838. 
Genealogical Society of Utah, U.S.A. 6th December, 1914. 
The Imperial Library, Vienna. 14th March, 1863. 

The Library of the Congress, Washington, U.S.A. 2nd December, 1873. 
The Public Library, West Hartlepool.' 3rd March, 1896. 
The Library of the Church House, Dean's Yard, Westminster. 4th June, 

l8 95- 
The Literary and Philosophical Society, Whitby. 5th June, 1906. 
The Wigan Free Public Library. 3rd December, 1901. 
The Royal Library, Windsor. 7th December, 1886. 
The Norman Williams Public Library, Woodstock, Vermont, U.S.A. 7th 

June, 1887. 
Wisconsin State Historical Society, U.S.A. 1st June, 1909. 
The Yale College, Connecticut, U.S.A. 7th March, 1876. 
The City of York Public Library. 6th March, 1894. 
The Dean and Chapter of York. 13th March, 1857. 
The Literary and Philosophical Society, York. 7th December, 1880. 
The Subscription Library, York. 16th March, 1861. 
The Yorkshire Archaeological Association. 3rd March, 1868. 
The Yorkshire Architectural Society. 7th March, 1871. 



IBr. 



JOHN GEORGE GRADON, TREASURER, IN 
From 1st January, igog, 



To Balance from 1908 

„ Subscriptions received from 1st January, 
ber, 1910 . . 

,, Bank Interest 

„ Amounts received for Sale of Books : — 
By Treasurer. . 
By Andrews and Co. 



1909, 



to 31st Decern- 




£ s. d. 

627 9 2 

645 15 ° 

12 13 11 



33 8 8 



£1319 6 9 



ACCOUNT WITH THE SURTEES SOCIETY. 

to 31st December, igio. Cf. 



£ s. d. £ s. d. 
Vol. 116. North Country Wills: — 

By paid Whitehead and Sons, for printing and 

binding .. .. .. .. .. 105 4 6 

» » J. W. Clay, for editing 47 5 o 

152 9 6 

Vol. 117. Percy Cartulary: — 

By paid Whitehead and Son, on account for printing 80 o o 
„ „ Miss Martin, on account for editing .. 30 o o 

no o o 

Vol. 118. North Country Diaries: — 

By paid A. Reid and Co., for printing .. .. 150 o o 

„ „ J. C. Hodgson, for editing 39 15 3 

,, „ Leighton and Co., for binding .. .. 11 n 4 

201 6 7 

Vol. 119. Records of Bishop Bury-. — 

By paid Whitehead and Sons, for printing and 

binding 124 3 3 

Miscellaneous : — 

By paid W. Brown, Secretary, for two years' allow- 
ance to June, 1910 60 o o 

„ ,, J. G. Gradon, Treasurer, the like .. .. 30 o o 

,, ,, Veitch, for stationery .. .. .. 1 13 o 

„ ,, Leighton and Co., for binding sheets of 

Vol. 107 1 11 o 

Andrews and Co., balance of account for 

1908 546 

„ Andrews and Co., allowance and rent of 
warehouse for two years, insurance, 
etc 60 10 n 



>> >» 



,, „ Andrews and Co., for collating and binding 

sheets out of old stock . . . . 29 1 6 

„ „ Treasurer, for postage, stationery, and 

other expenses (two years) . . ..916 

197 2 5 

Balance in hands of Treasurer .. .. 534 5 o 

£1319 6 9 

Audited and found correct, 
6th March, 1911, K. C. BAYLEY. 



J9r. 



JOHN GEORGE GRADON, TREASURER, IN 
From 1st January, ign, 



To Balance from 1910 .. 

„ Subscriptions received from 1st January, 191 1, to 31st Decern 
ber, 1912 .. 

,, Bank Interest 

,, Amounts received from Sale of Books .. 

„ Donation from York City Corporation towards cost of publish 
ing Vol. 120 .. . . .. .. 



£ 


s. 


d. 


. 534 


5 





■ 655 


4 





19 


8 


6 


9 


i5 


5 



60 



£1278 12 



ACCOUNT WITH THE SURTEES SOCIETY. 

to 31st December, igi2. Cr. 

£ s. d. £ s. d. 

Vol. 117. Percy Cartulary: — 

By paid Whitehead balance of account, for printing 

and binding .. .. .. .. 148 10 6 

„ „ Miss Martin, for editing .. .. 25 o 6 

173 11 o 

Vol. 119. Records of Bishop Bury : — 

By paid Dean Kitchin, for editing .. .. .. 25 16 9 

Vol. 120. York Memorandum : — 

By paid Johnson and Co., for printing .. .. 126 8 8 

„ „ Leighton and Co., for binding .. .. 11 15 5 

„ „ Miss Sellars, for editing .. .. .. 50 8 o 

188 12 1 

V0L.121. North Country Wills: — 

By paid Whitehead, for printing .. .. .. 85 17 3 

„ „ Mr. Clay, for editing . . . . . . 37 16 o 

123 13 3 

Miscellaneous: — 

By paid W. Brown, Secretary, for two years' allow- 
ance to June, 1912 .. .. .. 60 o o 

„ „ J. G. Gradon, Treasurer, the like . . . . 30 o o 

„ „ Veitch and Proctor, for stationery. . .. o 15 6 

„ „ Mitchell Hughes & Clarke, printing report 846 
„ „ Treasurer, for postage, stationery, and other 

expenses (two years) .. .. .. 8 15 6 

r ,, Andrews and Co., on account of allowance 

and rent of warehouse and insurance 36 16 o 
„ „ Do. for postage of Volumes to Members 20 17 4 

165 8 10 

1912, Dec. 31, Balance in Treasurer's Hands .. 601 11 o 



^1278 12 11 



Audited and found correct, 
29th August, 1 914. K. C. BAYLEY, 



V 



RETURN TO: CIRCULATION DEPARTMENT 
198 Main Stacks 



LOAN PERIOD 1 
Home Use 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 



V?ED 



ALL BOOKS MAY BE RECALLED AFTER 7 DAYS. 

Renewals and Recharges may be made 4 days prior to the due date. 
Books may be renewed by calling 642-3405. 



DUE AS STAMPED BELOW. 







































































FORM NO. DD6 
50M 3-02 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY 
Berkeley, California 94720-6000 



<p2o °^SS&ln 






313348 



/ 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY 



U.C. BERKELEY LIBRARIES 




CDDS378D37